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´╗┐Title: Life's Little Ironies
Author: Hardy, Thomas, 1840-1928
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Life's Little Ironies" ***

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Transcribed from the 1920 Macmillan and Co. edition by David Price, email






_First Collected Edition_ 1894.  _New Edition and reprints_ 1896-1900
_First published by Macmillan & Co._, _Crown_ 8_ov_, 1903.  _Reprinted_
1910, 1915
_Pockets Edition_ 1907, 1910, 1913, 1916, 1919 (_twice_), 1920
_Wessex Edition_ 1912


The Son's Veto
For Conscience' Sake
A Tragedy of Two Ambitions
On the Western Circuit
To Please his Wife
The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion
A Tradition of Eighteen Hundred and Four
A Few Crusted Characters



To the eyes of a man viewing it from behind, the nut-brown hair was a
wonder and a mystery.  Under the black beaver hat, surmounted by its tuft
of black feathers, the long locks, braided and twisted and coiled like
the rushes of a basket, composed a rare, if somewhat barbaric, example of
ingenious art.  One could understand such weavings and coilings being
wrought to last intact for a year, or even a calendar month; but that
they should be all demolished regularly at bedtime, after a single day of
permanence, seemed a reckless waste of successful fabrication.

And she had done it all herself, poor thing.  She had no maid, and it was
almost the only accomplishment she could boast of.  Hence the unstinted

She was a young invalid lady--not so very much of an invalid--sitting in
a wheeled chair, which had been pulled up in the front part of a green
enclosure, close to a bandstand, where a concert was going on, during a
warm June afternoon.  It had place in one of the minor parks or private
gardens that are to be found in the suburbs of London, and was the effort
of a local association to raise money for some charity.  There are worlds
within worlds in the great city, and though nobody outside the immediate
district had ever heard of the charity, or the band, or the garden, the
enclosure was filled with an interested audience sufficiently informed on
all these.

As the strains proceeded many of the listeners observed the chaired lady,
whose back hair, by reason of her prominent position, so challenged
inspection.  Her face was not easily discernible, but the aforesaid
cunning tress-weavings, the white ear and poll, and the curve of a cheek
which was neither flaccid nor sallow, were signals that led to the
expectation of good beauty in front.  Such expectations are not
infrequently disappointed as soon as the disclosure comes; and in the
present case, when the lady, by a turn of the head, at length revealed
herself, she was not so handsome as the people behind her had supposed,
and even hoped--they did not know why.

For one thing (alas! the commonness of this complaint), she was less
young than they had fancied her to be.  Yet attractive her face
unquestionably was, and not at all sickly.  The revelation of its details
came each time she turned to talk to a boy of twelve or thirteen who
stood beside her, and the shape of whose hat and jacket implied that he
belonged to a well-known public school.  The immediate bystanders could
hear that he called her 'Mother.'

When the end of the recital was reached, and the audience withdrew, many
chose to find their way out by passing at her elbow.  Almost all turned
their heads to take a full and near look at the interesting woman, who
remained stationary in the chair till the way should be clear enough for
her to be wheeled out without obstruction.  As if she expected their
glances, and did not mind gratifying their curiosity, she met the eyes of
several of her observers by lifting her own, showing these to be soft,
brown, and affectionate orbs, a little plaintive in their regard.

She was conducted out of the gardens, and passed along the pavement till
she disappeared from view, the schoolboy walking beside her.  To
inquiries made by some persons who watched her away, the answer came that
she was the second wife of the incumbent of a neighbouring parish, and
that she was lame.  She was generally believed to be a woman with a
story--an innocent one, but a story of some sort or other.

In conversing with her on their way home the boy who walked at her elbow
said that he hoped his father had not missed them.

'He have been so comfortable these last few hours that I am sure he
cannot have missed us,' she replied.

'_Has_, dear mother--not _have_!' exclaimed the public-school boy, with
an impatient fastidiousness that was almost harsh.  'Surely you know that
by this time!'

His mother hastily adopted the correction, and did not resent his making
it, or retaliate, as she might well have done, by bidding him to wipe
that crumby mouth of his, whose condition had been caused by
surreptitious attempts to eat a piece of cake without taking it out of
the pocket wherein it lay concealed.  After this the pretty woman and the
boy went onward in silence.

That question of grammar bore upon her history, and she fell into
reverie, of a somewhat sad kind to all appearance.  It might have been
assumed that she was wondering if she had done wisely in shaping her life
as she had shaped it, to bring out such a result as this.

In a remote nook in North Wessex, forty miles from London, near the
thriving county-town of Aldbrickham, there stood a pretty village with
its church and parsonage, which she knew well enough, but her son had
never seen.  It was her native village, Gaymead, and the first event
bearing upon her present situation had occurred at that place when she
was only a girl of nineteen.

How well she remembered it, that first act in her little tragi-comedy,
the death of her reverend husband's first wife.  It happened on a spring
evening, and she who now and for many years had filled that first wife's
place was then parlour-maid in the parson's house.

When everything had been done that could be done, and the death was
announced, she had gone out in the dusk to visit her parents, who were
living in the same village, to tell them the sad news.  As she opened the
white swing-gate and looked towards the trees which rose westward,
shutting out the pale light of the evening sky, she discerned, without
much surprise, the figure of a man standing in the hedge, though she
roguishly exclaimed as a matter of form, 'Oh, Sam, how you frightened

He was a young gardener of her acquaintance.  She told him the
particulars of the late event, and they stood silent, these two young
people, in that elevated, calmly philosophic mind which is engendered
when a tragedy has happened close at hand, and has not happened to the
philosophers themselves.  But it had its bearing upon their relations.

'And will you stay on now at the Vicarage, just the same?' asked he.

She had hardly thought of that.  'Oh, yes--I suppose!' she said.
'Everything will be just as usual, I imagine?'

He walked beside her towards her mother's.  Presently his arm stole round
her waist.  She gently removed it; but he placed it there again, and she
yielded the point.  'You see, dear Sophy, you don't know that you'll stay
on; you may want a home; and I shall be ready to offer one some day,
though I may not be ready just yet.

'Why, Sam, how can you be so fast!  I've never even said I liked 'ee; and
it is all your own doing, coming after me!'

'Still, it is nonsense to say I am not to have a try at you like the
rest.'  He stooped to kiss her a farewell, for they had reached her
mother's door.

'No, Sam; you sha'n't!' she cried, putting her hand over his mouth.  'You
ought to be more serious on such a night as this.'  And she bade him
adieu without allowing him to kiss her or to come indoors.

The vicar just left a widower was at this time a man about forty years of
age, of good family, and childless.  He had led a secluded existence in
this college living, partly because there were no resident landowners;
and his loss now intensified his habit of withdrawal from outward
observation.  He was still less seen than heretofore, kept himself still
less in time with the rhythm and racket of the movements called progress
in the world without.  For many months after his wife's decease the
economy of his household remained as before; the cook, the housemaid, the
parlour-maid, and the man out-of-doors performed their duties or left
them undone, just as Nature prompted them--the vicar knew not which.  It
was then represented to him that his servants seemed to have nothing to
do in his small family of one.  He was struck with the truth of this
representation, and decided to cut down his establishment.  But he was
forestalled by Sophy, the parlour-maid, who said one evening that she
wished to leave him.

'And why?' said the parson.

'Sam Hobson has asked me to marry him, sir.'

'Well--do you want to marry?'

'Not much.  But it would be a home for me.  And we have heard that one of
us will have to leave.'

A day or two after she said: 'I don't want to leave just yet, sir, if you
don't wish it.  Sam and I have quarrelled.'

He looked up at her.  He had hardly ever observed her before, though he
had been frequently conscious of her soft presence in the room.  What a
kitten-like, flexuous, tender creature she was!  She was the only one of
the servants with whom he came into immediate and continuous relation.
What should he do if Sophy were gone?

Sophy did not go, but one of the others did, and things went on quietly

When Mr. Twycott, the vicar, was ill, Sophy brought up his meals to him,
and she had no sooner left the room one day than he heard a noise on the
stairs.  She had slipped down with the tray, and so twisted her foot that
she could not stand.  The village surgeon was called in; the vicar got
better, but Sophy was incapacitated for a long time; and she was informed
that she must never again walk much or engage in any occupation which
required her to stand long on her feet.  As soon as she was comparatively
well she spoke to him alone.  Since she was forbidden to walk and bustle
about, and, indeed, could not do so, it became her duty to leave.  She
could very well work at something sitting down, and she had an aunt a

The parson had been very greatly moved by what she had suffered on his
account, and he exclaimed, 'No, Sophy; lame or not lame, I cannot let you
go.  You must never leave me again!'

He came close to her, and, though she could never exactly tell how it
happened, she became conscious of his lips upon her cheek.  He then asked
her to marry him.  Sophy did not exactly love him, but she had a respect
for him which almost amounted to veneration.  Even if she had wished to
get away from him she hardly dared refuse a personage so reverend and
august in her eyes, and she assented forthwith to be his wife.

Thus it happened that one fine morning, when the doors of the church were
naturally open for ventilation, and the singing birds fluttered in and
alighted on the tie-beams of the roof, there was a marriage-service at
the communion-rails, which hardly a soul knew of.  The parson and a
neighbouring curate had entered at one door, and Sophy at another,
followed by two necessary persons, whereupon in a short time there
emerged a newly-made husband and wife.

Mr. Twycott knew perfectly well that he had committed social suicide by
this step, despite Sophy's spotless character, and he had taken his
measures accordingly.  An exchange of livings had been arranged with an
acquaintance who was incumbent of a church in the south of London, and as
soon as possible the couple removed thither, abandoning their pretty
country home, with trees and shrubs and glebe, for a narrow, dusty house
in a long, straight street, and their fine peal of bells for the
wretchedest one-tongued clangour that ever tortured mortal ears.  It was
all on her account.  They were, however, away from every one who had
known her former position; and also under less observation from without
than they would have had to put up with in any country parish.

Sophy the woman was as charming a partner as a man could possess, though
Sophy the lady had her deficiencies.  She showed a natural aptitude for
little domestic refinements, so far as related to things and manners; but
in what is called culture she was less intuitive.  She had now been
married more than fourteen years, and her husband had taken much trouble
with her education; but she still held confused ideas on the use of 'was'
and 'were,' which did not beget a respect for her among the few
acquaintances she made.  Her great grief in this relation was that her
only child, on whose education no expense had been and would be spared,
was now old enough to perceive these deficiencies in his mother, and not
only to see them but to feel irritated at their existence.

Thus she lived on in the city, and wasted hours in braiding her beautiful
hair, till her once apple cheeks waned to pink of the very faintest.  Her
foot had never regained its natural strength after the accident, and she
was mostly obliged to avoid walking altogether.  Her husband had grown to
like London for its freedom and its domestic privacy; but he was twenty
years his Sophy's senior, and had latterly been seized with a serious
illness.  On this day, however, he had seemed to be well enough to
justify her accompanying her son Randolph to the concert.


The next time we get a glimpse of her is when she appears in the mournful
attire of a widow.

Mr. Twycott had never rallied, and now lay in a well-packed cemetery to
the south of the great city, where, if all the dead it contained had
stood erect and alive, not one would have known him or recognized his
name.  The boy had dutifully followed him to the grave, and was now again
at school.

Throughout these changes Sophy had been treated like the child she was in
nature though not in years.  She was left with no control over anything
that had been her husband's beyond her modest personal income.  In his
anxiety lest her inexperience should be overreached he had safeguarded
with trustees all he possibly could.  The completion of the boy's course
at the public school, to be followed in due time by Oxford and
ordination, had been all previsioned and arranged, and she really had
nothing to occupy her in the world but to eat and drink, and make a
business of indolence, and go on weaving and coiling the nut-brown hair,
merely keeping a home open for the son whenever he came to her during

Foreseeing his probable decease long years before her, her husband in his
lifetime had purchased for her use a semi-detached villa in the same
long, straight road whereon the church and parsonage faced, which was to
be hers as long as she chose to live in it.  Here she now resided,
looking out upon the fragment of lawn in front, and through the railings
at the ever-flowing traffic; or, bending forward over the window-sill on
the first floor, stretching her eyes far up and down the vista of sooty
trees, hazy air, and drab house-facades, along which echoed the noises
common to a suburban main thoroughfare.

Somehow, her boy, with his aristocratic school-knowledge, his grammars,
and his aversions, was losing those wide infantine sympathies, extending
as far as to the sun and moon themselves, with which he, like other
children, had been born, and which his mother, a child of nature herself,
had loved in him; he was reducing their compass to a population of a few
thousand wealthy and titled people, the mere veneer of a thousand million
or so of others who did not interest him at all.  He drifted further and
further away from her.  Sophy's _milieu_ being a suburb of minor
tradesmen and under-clerks, and her almost only companions the two
servants of her own house, it was not surprising that after her husband's
death she soon lost the little artificial tastes she had acquired from
him, and became--in her son's eyes--a mother whose mistakes and origin it
was his painful lot as a gentleman to blush for.  As yet he was far from
being man enough--if he ever would be--to rate these sins of hers at
their true infinitesimal value beside the yearning fondness that welled
up and remained penned in her heart till it should be more fully accepted
by him, or by some other person or thing.  If he had lived at home with
her he would have had all of it; but he seemed to require so very little
in present circumstances, and it remained stored.

Her life became insupportably dreary; she could not take walks, and had
no interest in going for drives, or, indeed, in travelling anywhere.
Nearly two years passed without an event, and still she looked on that
suburban road, thinking of the village in which she had been born, and
whither she would have gone back--O how gladly!--even to work in the

Taking no exercise, she often could not sleep, and would rise in the
night or early morning and look out upon the then vacant thoroughfare,
where the lamps stood like sentinels waiting for some procession to go
by.  An approximation to such a procession was indeed made early every
morning about one o'clock, when the country vehicles passed up with loads
of vegetables for Covent Garden market.  She often saw them creeping
along at this silent and dusky hour--waggon after waggon, bearing green
bastions of cabbages nodding to their fall, yet never falling, walls of
baskets enclosing masses of beans and peas, pyramids of snow-white
turnips, swaying howdahs of mixed produce--creeping along behind aged
night-horses, who seemed ever patiently wondering between their hollow
coughs why they had always to work at that still hour when all other
sentient creatures were privileged to rest.  Wrapped in a cloak, it was
soothing to watch and sympathize with them when depression and
nervousness hindered sleep, and to see how the fresh green-stuff
brightened to life as it came opposite the lamp, and how the sweating
animals steamed and shone with their miles of travel.

They had an interest, almost a charm, for Sophy, these semirural people
and vehicles moving in an urban atmosphere, leading a life quite distinct
from that of the daytime toilers on the same road.  One morning a man who
accompanied a waggon-load of potatoes gazed rather hard at the
house-fronts as he passed, and with a curious emotion she thought his
form was familiar to her.  She looked out for him again.  His being an
old-fashioned conveyance, with a yellow front, it was easily
recognizable, and on the third night after she saw it a second time.  The
man alongside was, as she had fancied, Sam Hobson, formerly gardener at
Gaymead, who would at one time have married her.

She had occasionally thought of him, and wondered if life in a cottage
with him would not have been a happier lot than the life she had
accepted.  She had not thought of him passionately, but her now dismal
situation lent an interest to his resurrection--a tender interest which
it is impossible to exaggerate.  She went back to bed, and began
thinking.  When did these market-gardeners, who travelled up to town so
regularly at one or two in the morning, come back?  She dimly recollected
seeing their empty waggons, hardly noticeable amid the ordinary
day-traffic, passing down at some hour before noon.

It was only April, but that morning, after breakfast, she had the window
opened, and sat looking out, the feeble sun shining full upon her.  She
affected to sew, but her eyes never left the street.  Between ten and
eleven the desired waggon, now unladen, reappeared on its return journey.
But Sam was not looking round him then, and drove on in a reverie.

'Sam!' cried she.

Turning with a start, his face lighted up.  He called to him a little boy
to hold the horse, alighted, and came and stood under her window.

'I can't come down easily, Sam, or I would!' she said.  'Did you know I
lived here?'

'Well, Mrs. Twycott, I knew you lived along here somewhere.  I have often
looked out for 'ee.'

He briefly explained his own presence on the scene.  He had long since
given up his gardening in the village near Aldbrickham, and was now
manager at a market-gardener's on the south side of London, it being part
of his duty to go up to Covent Garden with waggon-loads of produce two or
three times a week.  In answer to her curious inquiry, he admitted that
he had come to this particular district because he had seen in the
Aldbrickham paper, a year or two before, the announcement of the death in
South London of the aforetime vicar of Gaymead, which had revived an
interest in her dwelling-place that he could not extinguish, leading him
to hover about the locality till his present post had been secured.

They spoke of their native village in dear old North Wessex, the spots in
which they had played together as children.  She tried to feel that she
was a dignified personage now, that she must not be too confidential with
Sam.  But she could not keep it up, and the tears hanging in her eyes
were indicated in her voice.

'You are not happy, Mrs. Twycott, I'm afraid?' he said.

'O, of course not!  I lost my husband only the year before last.'

'Ah!  I meant in another way.  You'd like to be home again?'

'This is my home--for life.  The house belongs to me.  But I
understand'--She let it out then.  'Yes, Sam.  I long for home--_our_
home!  I _should_ like to be there, and never leave it, and die there.'
But she remembered herself.  'That's only a momentary feeling.  I have a
son, you know, a dear boy.  He's at school now.'

'Somewhere handy, I suppose?  I see there's lots on 'em along this road.'

'O no!  Not in one of these wretched holes!  At a public school--one of
the most distinguished in England.'

'Chok' it all! of course!  I forget, ma'am, that you've been a lady for
so many years.'

'No, I am not a lady,' she said sadly.  'I never shall be.  But he's a
gentleman, and that--makes it--O how difficult for me!'


The acquaintance thus oddly reopened proceeded apace.  She often looked
out to get a few words with him, by night or by day.  Her sorrow was that
she could not accompany her one old friend on foot a little way, and talk
more freely than she could do while he paused before the house.  One
night, at the beginning of June, when she was again on the watch after an
absence of some days from the window, he entered the gate and said
softly, 'Now, wouldn't some air do you good?  I've only half a load this
morning.  Why not ride up to Covent Garden with me?  There's a nice seat
on the cabbages, where I've spread a sack.  You can be home again in a
cab before anybody is up.'

She refused at first, and then, trembling with excitement, hastily
finished her dressing, and wrapped herself up in cloak and veil,
afterwards sidling downstairs by the aid of the handrail, in a way she
could adopt on an emergency.  When she had opened the door she found Sam
on the step, and he lifted her bodily on his strong arm across the little
forecourt into his vehicle.  Not a soul was visible or audible in the
infinite length of the straight, flat highway, with its ever-waiting
lamps converging to points in each direction.  The air was fresh as
country air at this hour, and the stars shone, except to the
north-eastward, where there was a whitish light--the dawn.  Sam carefully
placed her in the seat, and drove on.

They talked as they had talked in old days, Sam pulling himself up now
and then, when he thought himself too familiar.  More than once she said
with misgiving that she wondered if she ought to have indulged in the
freak.  'But I am so lonely in my house,' she added, 'and this makes me
so happy!'

'You must come again, dear Mrs. Twycott.  There is no time o' day for
taking the air like this.'

It grew lighter and lighter.  The sparrows became busy in the streets,
and the city waxed denser around them.  When they approached the river it
was day, and on the bridge they beheld the full blaze of morning sunlight
in the direction of St. Paul's, the river glistening towards it, and not
a craft stirring.

Near Covent Garden he put her into a cab, and they parted, looking into
each other's faces like the very old friends they were.  She reached home
without adventure, limped to the door, and let herself in with her latch-
key unseen.

The air and Sam's presence had revived her: her cheeks were quite
pink--almost beautiful.  She had something to live for in addition to her
son.  A woman of pure instincts, she knew there had been nothing really
wrong in the journey, but supposed it conventionally to be very wrong

Soon, however, she gave way to the temptation of going with him again,
and on this occasion their conversation was distinctly tender, and Sam
said he never should forget her, notwithstanding that she had served him
rather badly at one time.  After much hesitation he told her of a plan it
was in his power to carry out, and one he should like to take in hand,
since he did not care for London work: it was to set up as a master
greengrocer down at Aldbrickham, the county-town of their native place.
He knew of an opening--a shop kept by aged people who wished to retire.

'And why don't you do it, then, Sam?' she asked with a slight

'Because I'm not sure if--you'd join me.  I know you wouldn't--couldn't!
Such a lady as ye've been so long, you couldn't be a wife to a man like

'I hardly suppose I could!' she assented, also frightened at the idea.

'If you could,' he said eagerly, 'you'd on'y have to sit in the back
parlour and look through the glass partition when I was away
sometimes--just to keep an eye on things.  The lameness wouldn't hinder
that . . . I'd keep you as genteel as ever I could, dear Sophy--if I
might think of it!' he pleaded.

'Sam, I'll be frank,' she said, putting her hand on his.  'If it were
only myself I would do it, and gladly, though everything I possess would
be lost to me by marrying again.'

'I don't mind that!  It's more independent.'

'That's good of you, dear, dear Sam.  But there's something else.  I have
a son . . . I almost fancy when I am miserable sometimes that he is not
really mine, but one I hold in trust for my late husband.  He seems to
belong so little to me personally, so entirely to his dead father.  He is
so much educated and I so little that I do not feel dignified enough to
be his mother . . . Well, he would have to be told.'

'Yes.  Unquestionably.'  Sam saw her thought and her fear.  'Still, you
can do as you like, Sophy--Mrs. Twycott,' he added.  'It is not you who
are the child, but he.'

'Ah, you don't know!  Sam, if I could, I would marry you, some day.  But
you must wait a while, and let me think.'

It was enough for him, and he was blithe at their parting.  Not so she.
To tell Randolph seemed impossible.  She could wait till he had gone up
to Oxford, when what she did would affect his life but little.  But would
he ever tolerate the idea?  And if not, could she defy him?

She had not told him a word when the yearly cricket-match came on at
Lord's between the public schools, though Sam had already gone back to
Aldbrickham.  Mrs. Twycott felt stronger than usual: she went to the
match with Randolph, and was able to leave her chair and walk about
occasionally.  The bright idea occurred to her that she could casually
broach the subject while moving round among the spectators, when the
boy's spirits were high with interest in the game, and he would weigh
domestic matters as feathers in the scale beside the day's victory.  They
promenaded under the lurid July sun, this pair, so wide apart, yet so
near, and Sophy saw the large proportion of boys like her own, in their
broad white collars and dwarf hats, and all around the rows of great
coaches under which was jumbled the _debris_ of luxurious luncheons;
bones, pie-crusts, champagne-bottles, glasses, plates, napkins, and the
family silver; while on the coaches sat the proud fathers and mothers;
but never a poor mother like her.  If Randolph had not appertained to
these, had not centred all his interests in them, had not cared
exclusively for the class they belonged to, how happy would things have
been!  A great huzza at some small performance with the bat burst from
the multitude of relatives, and Randolph jumped wildly into the air to
see what had happened.  Sophy fetched up the sentence that had been
already shaped; but she could not get it out.  The occasion was, perhaps,
an inopportune one.  The contrast between her story and the display of
fashion to which Randolph had grown to regard himself as akin would be
fatal.  She awaited a better time.

It was on an evening when they were alone in their plain suburban
residence, where life was not blue but brown, that she ultimately broke
silence, qualifying her announcement of a probable second marriage by
assuring him that it would not take place for a long time to come, when
he would be living quite independently of her.

The boy thought the idea a very reasonable one, and asked if she had
chosen anybody?  She hesitated; and he seemed to have a misgiving.  He
hoped his stepfather would be a gentleman? he said.

'Not what you call a gentleman,' she answered timidly.  'He'll be much as
I was before I knew your father;' and by degrees she acquainted him with
the whole.  The youth's face remained fixed for a moment; then he
flushed, leant on the table, and burst into passionate tears.

His mother went up to him, kissed all of his face that she could get at,
and patted his back as if he were still the baby he once had been, crying
herself the while.  When he had somewhat recovered from his paroxysm he
went hastily to his own room and fastened the door.

Parleyings were attempted through the keyhole, outside which she waited
and listened.  It was long before he would reply, and when he did it was
to say sternly at her from within: 'I am ashamed of you!  It will ruin
me!  A miserable boor! a churl! a clown!  It will degrade me in the eyes
of all the gentlemen of England!'

'Say no more--perhaps I am wrong!  I will struggle against it!' she cried

Before Randolph left her that summer a letter arrived from Sam to inform
her that he had been unexpectedly fortunate in obtaining the shop.  He
was in possession; it was the largest in the town, combining fruit with
vegetables, and he thought it would form a home worthy even of her some
day.  Might he not run up to town to see her?

She met him by stealth, and said he must still wait for her final answer.
The autumn dragged on, and when Randolph was home at Christmas for the
holidays she broached the matter again.  But the young gentleman was

It was dropped for months; renewed again; abandoned under his repugnance;
again attempted; and thus the gentle creature reasoned and pleaded till
four or five long years had passed.  Then the faithful Sam revived his
suit with some peremptoriness.  Sophy's son, now an undergraduate, was
down from Oxford one Easter, when she again opened the subject.  As soon
as he was ordained, she argued, he would have a home of his own, wherein
she, with her bad grammar and her ignorance, would be an encumbrance to
him.  Better obliterate her as much as possible.

He showed a more manly anger now, but would not agree.  She on her side
was more persistent, and he had doubts whether she could be trusted in
his absence.  But by indignation and contempt for her taste he completely
maintained his ascendency; and finally taking her before a little cross
and altar that he had erected in his bedroom for his private devotions,
there bade her kneel, and swear that she would not wed Samuel Hobson
without his consent.  'I owe this to my father!' he said.

The poor woman swore, thinking he would soften as soon as he was ordained
and in full swing of clerical work.  But he did not.  His education had
by this time sufficiently ousted his humanity to keep him quite firm;
though his mother might have led an idyllic life with her faithful
fruiterer and greengrocer, and nobody have been anything the worse in the

Her lameness became more confirmed as time went on, and she seldom or
never left the house in the long southern thoroughfare, where she seemed
to be pining her heart away.  'Why mayn't I say to Sam that I'll marry
him?  Why mayn't I?' she would murmur plaintively to herself when nobody
was near.

Some four years after this date a middle-aged man was standing at the
door of the largest fruiterer's shop in Aldbrickham.  He was the
proprietor, but to-day, instead of his usual business attire, he wore a
neat suit of black; and his window was partly shuttered.  From the
railway-station a funeral procession was seen approaching: it passed his
door and went out of the town towards the village of Gaymead.  The man,
whose eyes were wet, held his hat in his hand as the vehicles moved by;
while from the mourning coach a young smooth-shaven priest in a high
waistcoat looked black as a cloud at the shop keeper standing there.

_December_ 1891.



Whether the utilitarian or the intuitive theory of the moral sense be
upheld, it is beyond question that there are a few subtle-souled persons
with whom the absolute gratuitousness of an act of reparation is an
inducement to perform it; while exhortation as to its necessity would
breed excuses for leaving it undone.  The case of Mr. Millborne and Mrs.
Frankland particularly illustrated this, and perhaps something more.

There were few figures better known to the local crossing-sweeper than
Mr. Millborne's, in his daily comings and goings along a familiar and
quiet London street, where he lived inside the door marked eleven, though
not as householder.  In age he was fifty at least, and his habits were as
regular as those of a person can be who has no occupation but the study
of how to keep himself employed.  He turned almost always to the right on
getting to the end of his street, then he went onward down Bond Street to
his club, whence he returned by precisely the same course about six
o'clock, on foot; or, if he went to dine, later on in a cab.  He was
known to be a man of some means, though apparently not wealthy.  Being a
bachelor he seemed to prefer his present mode of living as a lodger in
Mrs. Towney's best rooms, with the use of furniture which he had bought
ten times over in rent during his tenancy, to having a house of his own.

None among his acquaintance tried to know him well, for his manner and
moods did not excite curiosity or deep friendship.  He was not a man who
seemed to have anything on his mind, anything to conceal, anything to
impart.  From his casual remarks it was generally understood that he was
country-born, a native of some place in Wessex; that he had come to
London as a young man in a banking-house, and had risen to a post of
responsibility; when, by the death of his father, who had been fortunate
in his investments, the son succeeded to an income which led him to
retire from a business life somewhat early.

One evening, when he had been unwell for several days, Doctor Bindon came
in, after dinner, from the adjoining medical quarter, and smoked with him
over the fire.  The patient's ailment was not such as to require much
thought, and they talked together on indifferent subjects.

'I am a lonely man, Bindon--a lonely man,' Millborne took occasion to
say, shaking his head gloomily.  'You don't know such loneliness as mine
. . . And the older I get the more I am dissatisfied with myself.  And to-
day I have been, through an accident, more than usually haunted by what,
above all other events of my life, causes that dissatisfaction--the
recollection of an unfulfilled promise made twenty years ago.  In
ordinary affairs I have always been considered a man of my word and
perhaps it is on that account that a particular vow I once made, and did
not keep, comes back to me with a magnitude out of all proportion (I
daresay) to its real gravity, especially at this time of day.  You know
the discomfort caused at night by the half-sleeping sense that a door or
window has been left unfastened, or in the day by the remembrance of
unanswered letters.  So does that promise haunt me from time to time, and
has done to-day particularly.'

There was a pause, and they smoked on.  Millborne's eyes, though fixed on
the fire, were really regarding attentively a town in the West of

'Yes,' he continued, 'I have never quite forgotten it, though during the
busy years of my life it was shelved and buried under the pressure of my
pursuits.  And, as I say, to-day in particular, an incident in the law-
report of a somewhat similar kind has brought it back again vividly.
However, what it was I can tell you in a few words, though no doubt you,
as a man of the world, will smile at the thinness of my skin when you
hear it . . . I came up to town at one-and-twenty, from Toneborough, in
Outer Wessex, where I was born, and where, before I left, I had won the
heart of a young woman of my own age.  I promised her marriage, took
advantage of my promise, and--am a bachelor.'

'The old story.'

The other nodded.

'I left the place, and thought at the time I had done a very clever thing
in getting so easily out of an entanglement.  But I have lived long
enough for that promise to return to bother me--to be honest, not
altogether as a pricking of the conscience, but as a dissatisfaction with
myself as a specimen of the heap of flesh called humanity.  If I were to
ask you to lend me fifty pounds, which I would repay you next midsummer,
and I did not repay you, I should consider myself a shabby sort of
fellow, especially if you wanted the money badly.  Yet I promised that
girl just as distinctly; and then coolly broke my word, as if doing so
were rather smart conduct than a mean action, for which the poor victim
herself, encumbered with a child, and not I, had really to pay the
penalty, in spite of certain pecuniary aid that was given.  There, that's
the retrospective trouble that I am always unearthing; and you may hardly
believe that though so many years have elapsed, and it is all gone by and
done with, and she must be getting on for an old woman now, as I am for
an old man, it really often destroys my sense of self-respect still.'

'O, I can understand it.  All depends upon the temperament.  Thousands of
men would have forgotten all about it; so would you, perhaps, if you had
married and had a family.  Did she ever marry?'

'I don't think so.  O no--she never did.  She left Toneborough, and later
on appeared under another name at Exonbury, in the next county, where she
was not known.  It is very seldom that I go down into that part of the
country, but in passing through Exonbury, on one occasion, I learnt that
she was quite a settled resident there, as a teacher of music, or
something of the kind.  That much I casually heard when I was there two
or three years ago.  But I have never set eyes on her since our original
acquaintance, and should not know her if I met her.'

'Did the child live?' asked the doctor.

'For several years, certainly,' replied his friend.  'I cannot say if she
is living now.  It was a little girl.  She might be married by this time
as far as years go.'

'And the mother--was she a decent, worthy young woman?'

'O yes; a sensible, quiet girl, neither attractive nor unattractive to
the ordinary observer; simply commonplace.  Her position at the time of
our acquaintance was not so good as mine.  My father was a solicitor, as
I think I have told you.  She was a young girl in a music-shop; and it
was represented to me that it would be beneath my position to marry her.
Hence the result.'

'Well, all I can say is that after twenty years it is probably too late
to think of mending such a matter.  It has doubtless by this time mended
itself.  You had better dismiss it from your mind as an evil past your
control.  Of course, if mother and daughter are alive, or either, you
might settle something upon them, if you were inclined, and had it to

'Well, I haven't much to spare; and I have relations in narrow
circumstances--perhaps narrower than theirs.  But that is not the point.
Were I ever so rich I feel I could not rectify the past by money.  I did
not promise to enrich her.  On the contrary, I told her it would probably
be dire poverty for both of us.  But I did promise to make her my wife.'

'Then find her and do it,' said the doctor jocularly as he rose to leave.

'Ah, Bindon.  That, of course, is the obvious jest.  But I haven't the
slightest desire for marriage; I am quite content to live as I have
lived.  I am a bachelor by nature, and instinct, and habit, and
everything.  Besides, though I respect her still (for she was not an atom
to blame), I haven't any shadow of love for her.  In my mind she exists
as one of those women you think well of, but find uninteresting.  It
would be purely with the idea of putting wrong right that I should hunt
her up, and propose to do it off-hand.'

'You don't think of it seriously?' said his surprised friend.

'I sometimes think that I would, if it were practicable; simply, as I
say, to recover my sense of being a man of honour.'

'I wish you luck in the enterprise,' said Doctor Bindon.  'You'll soon be
out of that chair, and then you can put your impulse to the test.
But--after twenty years of silence--I should say, don't!'


The doctor's advice remained counterpoised, in Millborne's mind, by the
aforesaid mood of seriousness and sense of principle, approximating often
to religious sentiment, which had been evolving itself in his breast for
months, and even years.

The feeling, however, had no immediate effect upon Mr. Millborne's
actions.  He soon got over his trifling illness, and was vexed with
himself for having, in a moment of impulse, confided such a case of
conscience to anybody.

But the force which had prompted it, though latent, remained with him and
ultimately grew stronger.  The upshot was that about four months after
the date of his illness and disclosure, Millborne found himself on a mild
spring morning at Paddington Station, in a train that was starting for
the west.  His many intermittent thoughts on his broken promise from time
to time, in those hours when loneliness brought him face to face with his
own personality, had at last resulted in this course.

The decisive stimulus had been given when, a day or two earlier, on
looking into a Post-Office Directory, he learnt that the woman he had not
met for twenty years was still living on at Exonbury under the name she
had assumed when, a year or two after her disappearance from her native
town and his, she had returned from abroad as a young widow with a child,
and taken up her residence at the former city.  Her condition was
apparently but little changed, and her daughter seemed to be with her,
their names standing in the Directory as 'Mrs. Leonora Frankland and Miss
Frankland, Teachers of Music and Dancing.'

Mr. Millborne reached Exonbury in the afternoon, and his first business,
before even taking his luggage into the town, was to find the house
occupied by the teachers.  Standing in a central and open place it was
not difficult to discover, a well-burnished brass doorplate bearing their
names prominently.  He hesitated to enter without further knowledge, and
ultimately took lodgings over a toyshop opposite, securing a sitting-room
which faced a similar drawing or sitting-room at the Franklands', where
the dancing lessons were given.  Installed here he was enabled to make
indirectly, and without suspicion, inquiries and observations on the
character of the ladies over the way, which he did with much

He learnt that the widow, Mrs. Frankland, with her one daughter, Frances,
was of cheerful and excellent repute, energetic and painstaking with her
pupils, of whom she had a good many, and in whose tuition her daughter
assisted her.  She was quite a recognized townswoman, and though the
dancing branch of her profession was perhaps a trifle worldly, she was
really a serious-minded lady who, being obliged to live by what she knew
how to teach, balanced matters by lending a hand at charitable bazaars,
assisting at sacred concerts, and giving musical recitations in aid of
funds for bewildering happy savages, and other such enthusiasms of this
enlightened country.  Her daughter was one of the foremost of the bevy of
young women who decorated the churches at Easter and Christmas, was
organist in one of those edifices, and had subscribed to the testimonial
of a silver broth-basin that was presented to the Reverend Mr. Walker as
a token of gratitude for his faithful and arduous intonations of six
months as sub-precentor in the Cathedral.  Altogether mother and daughter
appeared to be a typical and innocent pair among the genteel citizens of

As a natural and simple way of advertising their profession they allowed
the windows of the music-room to be a little open, so that you had the
pleasure of hearing all along the street at any hour between sunrise and
sunset fragmentary gems of classical music as interpreted by the young
people of twelve or fourteen who took lessons there.  But it was said
that Mrs. Frankland made most of her income by letting out pianos on
hire, and by selling them as agent for the makers.

The report pleased Millborne; it was highly creditable, and far better
than he had hoped.  He was curious to get a view of the two women who led
such blameless lives.

He had not long to wait to gain a glimpse of Leonora.  It was when she
was standing on her own doorstep, opening her parasol, on the morning
after his arrival.  She was thin, though not gaunt; and a good,
well-wearing, thoughtful face had taken the place of the one which had
temporarily attracted him in the days of his nonage.  She wore black, and
it became her in her character of widow.  The daughter next appeared; she
was a smoothed and rounded copy of her mother, with the same decision in
her mien that Leonora had, and a bounding gait in which he traced a faint
resemblance to his own at her age.

For the first time he absolutely made up his mind to call on them.  But
his antecedent step was to send Leonora a note the next morning, stating
his proposal to visit her, and suggesting the evening as the time,
because she seemed to be so greatly occupied in her professional capacity
during the day.  He purposely worded his note in such a form as not to
require an answer from her which would be possibly awkward to write.

No answer came.  Naturally he should not have been surprised at this; and
yet he felt a little checked, even though she had only refrained from
volunteering a reply that was not demanded.

At eight, the hour fixed by himself, he crossed over and was passively
admitted by the servant.  Mrs. Frankland, as she called herself, received
him in the large music-and-dancing room on the first-floor front, and not
in any private little parlour as he had expected.  This cast a
distressingly business-like colour over their first meeting after so many
years of severance.  The woman he had wronged stood before him,
well-dressed, even to his metropolitan eyes, and her manner as she came
up to him was dignified even to hardness.  She certainly was not glad to
see him.  But what could he expect after a neglect of twenty years!

'How do you do, Mr. Millborne?' she said cheerfully, as to any chance
caller.  'I am obliged to receive you here because my daughter has a
friend downstairs.'

'Your daughter--and mine.'

'Ah--yes, yes,' she replied hastily, as if the addition had escaped her
memory.  'But perhaps the less said about that the better, in fairness to
me.  You will consider me a widow, please.'

'Certainly, Leonora . . . '  He could not get on, her manner was so cold
and indifferent.  The expected scene of sad reproach, subdued to delicacy
by the run of years, was absent altogether.  He was obliged to come to
the point without preamble.

'You are quite free, Leonora--I mean as to marriage?  There is nobody who
has your promise, or--'

'O yes; quite free, Mr. Millborne,' she said, somewhat surprised.

'Then I will tell you why I have come.  Twenty years ago I promised to
make you my wife; and I am here to fulfil that promise.  Heaven forgive
my tardiness!'

Her surprise was increased, but she was not agitated.  She seemed to
become gloomy, disapproving.  'I could not entertain such an idea at this
time of life,' she said after a moment or two.  'It would complicate
matters too greatly.  I have a very fair income, and require no help of
any sort.  I have no wish to marry . . . What could have induced you to
come on such an errand now?  It seems quite extraordinary, if I may say

'It must--I daresay it does,' Millborne replied vaguely; 'and I must tell
you that impulse--I mean in the sense of passion--has little to do with
it.  I wish to marry you, Leonora; I much desire to marry you.  But it is
an affair of conscience, a case of fulfilment.  I promised you, and it
was dishonourable of me to go away.  I want to remove that sense of
dishonour before I die.  No doubt we might get to love each other as
warmly as we did in old times?'

She dubiously shook her head.  'I appreciate your motives, Mr. Millborne;
but you must consider my position; and you will see that, short of the
personal wish to marry, which I don't feel, there is no reason why I
should change my state, even though by so doing I should ease your
conscience.  My position in this town is a respected one; I have built it
up by my own hard labours, and, in short, I don't wish to alter it.  My
daughter, too, is just on the verge of an engagement to be married, to a
young man who will make her an excellent husband.  It will be in every
way a desirable match for her.  He is downstairs now.'

'Does she know--anything about me?'

'O no, no; God forbid!  Her father is dead and buried to her.  So that,
you see, things are going on smoothly, and I don't want to disturb their

He nodded.  'Very well,' he said, and rose to go.  At the door, however,
he came back again.

'Still, Leonora,' he urged, 'I have come on purpose; and I don't see what
disturbance would be caused.  You would simply marry an old friend.  Won't
you reconsider?  It is no more than right that we should be united,
remembering the girl.'

She shook her head, and patted with her foot nervously.

'Well, I won't detain you,' he added.  'I shall not be leaving Exonbury
yet.  You will allow me to see you again?'

'Yes; I don't mind,' she said reluctantly.

The obstacles he had encountered, though they did not reanimate his dead
passion for Leonora, did certainly make it appear indispensable to his
peace of mind to overcome her coldness.  He called frequently.  The first
meeting with the daughter was a trying ordeal, though he did not feel
drawn towards her as he had expected to be; she did not excite his
sympathies.  Her mother confided to Frances the errand of 'her old
friend,' which was viewed by the daughter with strong disfavour.  His
desire being thus uncongenial to both, for a long time Millborne made not
the least impression upon Mrs. Frankland.  His attentions pestered her
rather than pleased her.  He was surprised at her firmness, and it was
only when he hinted at moral reasons for their union that she was ever
shaken.  'Strictly speaking,' he would say, 'we ought, as honest persons,
to marry; and that's the truth of it, Leonora.'

'I have looked at it in that light,' she said quickly.  'It struck me at
the very first.  But I don't see the force of the argument.  I totally
deny that after this interval of time I am bound to marry you for
honour's sake.  I would have married you, as you know well enough, at the
proper time.  But what is the use of remedies now?'

They were standing at the window.  A scantly-whiskered young man, in
clerical attire, called at the door below.  Leonora flushed with

'Who is he?' said Mr. Millborne.

'My Frances's lover.  I am so sorry--she is not at home!  Ah! they have
told him where she is, and he has gone to find her . . . I hope that suit
will prosper, at any rate!'

'Why shouldn't it?'

'Well, he cannot marry yet; and Frances sees but little of him now he has
left Exonbury.  He was formerly doing duty here, but now he is curate of
St. John's, Ivell, fifty miles up the line.  There is a tacit agreement
between them, but--there have been friends of his who object, because of
our vocation.  However, he sees the absurdity of such an objection as
that, and is not influenced by it.'

'Your marriage with me would help the match, instead of hindering it, as
you have said.'

'Do you think it would?'

'It certainly would, by taking you out of this business altogether.'

By chance he had found the way to move her somewhat, and he followed it
up.  This view was imparted to Mrs. Frankland's daughter, and it led her
to soften her opposition.  Millborne, who had given up his lodging in
Exonbury, journeyed to and fro regularly, till at last he overcame her
negations, and she expressed a reluctant assent.

They were married at the nearest church; and the goodwill--whatever that
was--of the music-and-dancing connection was sold to a successor only too
ready to jump into the place, the Millbornes having decided to live in


Millborne was a householder in his old district, though not in his old
street, and Mrs. Millborne and their daughter had turned themselves into
Londoners.  Frances was well reconciled to the removal by her lover's
satisfaction at the change.  It suited him better to travel from Ivell a
hundred miles to see her in London, where he frequently had other
engagements, than fifty in the opposite direction where nothing but
herself required his presence.  So here they were, furnished up to the
attics, in one of the small but popular streets of the West district, in
a house whose front, till lately of the complexion of a chimney-sweep,
had been scraped to show to the surprised wayfarer the bright yellow and
red brick that had lain lurking beneath the soot of fifty years.

The social lift that the two women had derived from the alliance was
considerable; but when the exhilaration which accompanies a first
residence in London, the sensation of standing on a pivot of the world,
had passed, their lives promised to be somewhat duller than when, at
despised Exonbury, they had enjoyed a nodding acquaintance with three-
fourths of the town.  Mr. Millborne did not criticise his wife; he could
not.  Whatever defects of hardness and acidity his original treatment and
the lapse of years might have developed in her, his sense of a realized
idea, of a re-established self-satisfaction, was always thrown into the
scale on her side, and out-weighed all objections.

It was about a month after their settlement in town that the household
decided to spend a week at a watering-place in the Isle of Wight, and
while there the Reverend Percival Cope (the young curate aforesaid) came
to see them, Frances in particular.  No formal engagement of the young
pair had been announced as yet, but it was clear that their mutual
understanding could not end in anything but marriage without grievous
disappointment to one of the parties at least.  Not that Frances was
sentimental.  She was rather of the imperious sort, indeed; and, to say
all, the young girl had not fulfilled her father's expectations of her.
But he hoped and worked for her welfare as sincerely as any father could

Mr. Cope was introduced to the new head of the family, and stayed with
them in the Island two or three days.  On the last day of his visit they
decided to venture on a two hours' sail in one of the small yachts which
lay there for hire.  The trip had not progressed far before all, except
the curate, found that sailing in a breeze did not quite agree with them;
but as he seemed to enjoy the experience, the other three bore their
condition as well as they could without grimace or complaint, till the
young man, observing their discomfort, gave immediate directions to tack
about.  On the way back to port they sat silent, facing each other.

Nausea in such circumstances, like midnight watching, fatigue, trouble,
fright, has this marked effect upon the countenance, that it often brings
out strongly the divergences of the individual from the norm of his race,
accentuating superficial peculiarities to radical distinctions.
Unexpected physiognomies will uncover themselves at these times in well-
known faces; the aspect becomes invested with the spectral presence of
entombed and forgotten ancestors; and family lineaments of special or
exclusive cast, which in ordinary moments are masked by a stereotyped
expression and mien, start up with crude insistence to the view.

Frances, sitting beside her mother's husband, with Mr. Cope opposite, was
naturally enough much regarded by the curate during the tedious sail
home; at first with sympathetic smiles.  Then, as the middle-aged father
and his child grew each gray-faced, as the pretty blush of Frances
disintegrated into spotty stains, and the soft rotundities of her
features diverged from their familiar and reposeful beauty into elemental
lines, Cope was gradually struck with the resemblance between a pair in
their discomfort who in their ease presented nothing to the eye in
common.  Mr. Millborne and Frances in their indisposition were strangely,
startlingly alike.

The inexplicable fact absorbed Cope's attention quite.  He forgot to
smile at Frances, to hold her hand; and when they touched the shore he
remained sitting for some moments like a man in a trance.

As they went homeward, and recovered their complexions and contours, the
similarities one by one disappeared, and Frances and Mr. Millborne were
again masked by the commonplace differences of sex and age.  It was as
if, during the voyage, a mysterious veil had been lifted, temporarily
revealing a strange pantomime of the past.

During the evening he said to her casually: 'Is your step-father a cousin
of your mother, dear Frances?'

'Oh, no,' said she.  'There is no relationship.  He was only an old
friend of hers.  Why did you suppose such a thing?'

He did not explain, and the next morning started to resume his duties at

Cope was an honest young fellow, and shrewd withal.  At home in his quiet
rooms in St. Peter's Street, Ivell, he pondered long and unpleasantly on
the revelations of the cruise.  The tale it told was distinct enough, and
for the first time his position was an uncomfortable one.  He had met the
Franklands at Exonbury as parishioners, had been attracted by Frances,
and had floated thus far into an engagement which was indefinite only
because of his inability to marry just yet.  The Franklands' past had
apparently contained mysteries, and it did not coincide with his judgment
to marry into a family whose mystery was of the sort suggested.  So he
sat and sighed, between his reluctance to lose Frances and his natural
dislike of forming a connection with people whose antecedents would not
bear the strictest investigation.

A passionate lover of the old-fashioned sort might possibly never have
halted to weigh these doubts; but though he was in the church Cope's
affections were fastidious--distinctly tempered with the alloys of the
century's decadence.  He delayed writing to Frances for some while,
simply because he could not tune himself up to enthusiasm when worried by
suspicions of such a kind.

Meanwhile the Millbornes had returned to London, and Frances was growing
anxious.  In talking to her mother of Cope she had innocently alluded to
his curious inquiry if her mother and her step-father were connected by
any tie of cousinship.  Mrs. Millborne made her repeat the words.  Frances
did so, and watched with inquisitive eyes their effect upon her elder.

'What is there so startling in his inquiry then?' she asked.  'Can it
have anything to do with his not writing to me?'

Her mother flinched, but did not inform her, and Frances also was now
drawn within the atmosphere of suspicion.  That night when standing by
chance outside the chamber of her parents she heard for the first time
their voices engaged in a sharp altercation.

The apple of discord had, indeed, been dropped into the house of the
Millbornes.  The scene within the chamber-door was Mrs. Millborne
standing before her dressing-table, looking across to her husband in the
dressing-room adjoining, where he was sitting down, his eyes fixed on the

'Why did you come and disturb my life a second time?' she harshly asked.
'Why did you pester me with your conscience, till I was driven to accept
you to get rid of your importunity?  Frances and I were doing well: the
one desire of my life was that she should marry that good young man.  And
now the match is broken off by your cruel interference!  Why did you show
yourself in my world again, and raise this scandal upon my hard-won
respectability--won by such weary years of labour as none will ever
know!'  She bent her face upon the table and wept passionately.

There was no reply from Mr. Millborne.  Frances lay awake nearly all that
night, and when at breakfast-time the next morning still no letter
appeared from Mr. Cope, she entreated her mother to go to Ivell and see
if the young man were ill.

Mrs. Millborne went, returning the same day.  Frances, anxious and
haggard, met her at the station.

Was all well?  Her mother could not say it was; though he was not ill.

One thing she had found out, that it was a mistake to hunt up a man when
his inclinations were to hold aloof.  Returning with her mother in the
cab Frances insisted upon knowing what the mystery was which plainly had
alienated her lover.  The precise words which had been spoken at the
interview with him that day at Ivell Mrs. Millborne could not be induced
to repeat; but thus far she admitted, that the estrangement was
fundamentally owing to Mr. Millborne having sought her out and married

'And why did he seek you out--and why were you obliged to marry him?'
asked the distressed girl.  Then the evidences pieced themselves together
in her acute mind, and, her colour gradually rising, she asked her mother
if what they pointed to was indeed the fact.  Her mother admitted that it

A flush of mortification succeeded to the flush of shame upon the young
woman's face.  How could a scrupulously correct clergyman and lover like
Mr. Cope ask her to be his wife after this discovery of her irregular
birth?  She covered her eyes with her hands in a silent despair.

In the presence of Mr. Millborne they at first suppressed their anguish.
But by and by their feelings got the better of them, and when he was
asleep in his chair after dinner Mrs. Millborne's irritation broke out.
The embittered Frances joined her in reproaching the man who had come as
the spectre to their intended feast of Hymen, and turned its promise to
ghastly failure.

'Why were you so weak, mother, as to admit such an enemy to your
house--one so obviously your evil genius--much less accept him as a
husband, after so long?  If you had only told me all, I could have
advised you better!  But I suppose I have no right to reproach him,
bitter as I feel, and even though he has blighted my life for ever!'

'Frances, I did hold out; I saw it was a mistake to have any more to say
to a man who had been such an unmitigated curse to me!  But he would not
listen; he kept on about his conscience and mine, till I was bewildered,
and said Yes! . . . Bringing us away from a quiet town where we were
known and respected--what an ill-considered thing it was!  O the content
of those days!  We had society there, people in our own position, who did
not expect more of us than we expected of them.  Here, where there is so
much, there is nothing!  He said London society was so bright and
brilliant that it would be like a new world.  It may be to those who are
in it; but what is that to us two lonely women; we only see it flashing
past! . . . O the fool, the fool that I was!'

Now Millborne was not so soundly asleep as to prevent his hearing these
animadversions that were almost execrations, and many more of the same
sort.  As there was no peace for him at home, he went again to his club,
where, since his reunion with Leonora, he had seldom if ever been seen.
But the shadow of the troubles in his household interfered with his
comfort here also; he could not, as formerly, settle down into his
favourite chair with the evening paper, reposeful in the celibate's sense
that where he was his world's centre had its fixture.  His world was now
an ellipse, with a dual centrality, of which his own was not the major.

The young curate of Ivell still held aloof, tantalizing Frances by his
elusiveness.  Plainly he was waiting upon events.  Millborne bore the
reproaches of his wife and daughter almost in silence; but by degrees he
grew meditative, as if revolving a new idea.  The bitter cry about
blighting their existence at length became so impassioned that one day
Millborne calmly proposed to return again to the country; not necessarily
to Exonbury, but, if they were willing, to a little old manor-house which
he had found was to be let, standing a mile from Mr. Cope's town of

They were surprised, and, despite their view of him as the bringer of
ill, were disposed to accede.  'Though I suppose,' said Mrs. Millborne to
him, 'it will end in Mr. Cope's asking you flatly about the past, and
your being compelled to tell him; which may dash all my hopes for
Frances.  She gets more and more like you every day, particularly when
she is in a bad temper.  People will see you together, and notice it; and
I don't know what may come of it!'

'I don't think they will see us together,' he said; but he entered into
no argument when she insisted otherwise.  The removal was eventually
resolved on; the town-house was disposed of; and again came the invasion
by furniture-men and vans, till all the movables and servants were
whisked away.  He sent his wife and daughter to an hotel while this was
going on, taking two or three journeys himself to Ivell to superintend
the refixing, and the improvement of the grounds.  When all was done he
returned to them in town.

The house was ready for their reception, he told them, and there only
remained the journey.  He accompanied them and their personal luggage to
the station only, having, he said, to remain in town a short time on
business with his lawyer.  They went, dubious and discontented--for the
much-loved Cope had made no sign.

'If we were going down to live here alone,' said Mrs Millborne to her
daughter in the train; 'and there was no intrusive tell-tale presence!
. . . But let it be!'

The house was a lovely little place in a grove of elms, and they liked it
much.  The first person to call upon them as new residents was Mr. Cope.
He was delighted to find that they had come so near, and (though he did
not say this) meant to live in such excellent style.  He had not,
however, resumed the manner of a lover.

'Your father spoils all!' murmured Mrs. Millborne.

But three days later she received a letter from her husband, which caused
her no small degree of astonishment.  It was written from Boulogne.

It began with a long explanation of settlements of his property, in which
he had been engaged since their departure.  The chief feature in the
business was that Mrs. Millborne found herself the absolute owner of a
comfortable sum in personal estate, and Frances of a life-interest in a
larger sum, the principal to be afterwards divided amongst her children
if she had any.  The remainder of his letter ran as hereunder:--

   'I have learnt that there are some derelictions of duty which cannot
   be blotted out by tardy accomplishment.  Our evil actions do not
   remain isolated in the past, waiting only to be reversed: like
   locomotive plants they spread and re-root, till to destroy the
   original stem has no material effect in killing them.  I made a
   mistake in searching you out; I admit it; whatever the remedy may be
   in such cases it is not marriage, and the best thing for you and me is
   that you do not see me more.  You had better not seek me, for you will
   not be likely to find me: you are well provided for, and we may do
   ourselves more harm than good by meeting again.

   'F. M.'

Millborne, in short, disappeared from that day forward.  But a searching
inquiry would have revealed that, soon after the Millbornes went to
Ivell, an Englishman, who did not give the name of Millborne, took up his
residence in Brussels; a man who might have been recognized by Mrs.
Millborne if she had met him.  One afternoon in the ensuing summer, when
this gentleman was looking over the English papers, he saw the
announcement of Miss Frances Frankland's marriage.  She had become the
Reverend Mrs. Cope.

'Thank God!' said the gentleman.

But his momentary satisfaction was far from being happiness.  As he
formerly had been weighted with a bad conscience, so now was he burdened
with the heavy thought which oppressed Antigone, that by honourable
observance of a rite he had obtained for himself the reward of
dishonourable laxity.  Occasionally he had to be helped to his lodgings
by his servant from the _Cercle_ he frequented, through having imbibed a
little too much liquor to be able to take care of himself.  But he was
harmless, and even when he had been drinking said little.

_March_ 1891.



The shouts of the village-boys came in at the window, accompanied by
broken laughter from loungers at the inn-door; but the brothers
Halborough worked on.

They were sitting in a bedroom of the master-millwright's house, engaged
in the untutored reading of Greek and Latin.  It was no tale of Homeric
blows and knocks, Argonautic voyaging, or Theban family woe that inflamed
their imaginations and spurred them onward.  They were plodding away at
the Greek Testament, immersed in a chapter of the idiomatic and difficult
Epistle to the Hebrews.

The Dog-day sun in its decline reached the low ceiling with slanting
sides, and the shadows of the great goat's-willow swayed and interchanged
upon the walls like a spectral army manoeuvring.  The open casement which
admitted the remoter sounds now brought the voice of some one close at
hand.  It was their sister, a pretty girl of fourteen, who stood in the
court below.

'I can see the tops of your heads!  What's the use of staying up there?  I
like you not to go out with the street-boys; but do come and play with

They treated her as an inadequate interlocutor, and put her off with some
slight word.  She went away disappointed.  Presently there was a dull
noise of heavy footsteps at the side of the house, and one of the
brothers sat up.  'I fancy I hear him coming,' he murmured, his eyes on
the window.

A man in the light drab clothes of an old-fashioned country tradesman
approached from round the corner, reeling as he came.  The elder son
flushed with anger, rose from his books, and descended the stairs.  The
younger sat on, till, after the lapse of a few minutes, his brother re-
entered the room.

'Did Rosa see him?'


'Nor anybody?'


'What have you done with him?'

'He's in the straw-shed.  I got him in with some trouble, and he has
fallen asleep.  I thought this would be the explanation of his absence!
No stones dressed for Miller Kench, the great wheel of the saw-mills
waiting for new float-boards, even the poor folk not able to get their
waggons wheeled.'

'What _is_ the use of poring over this!' said the younger, shutting up
Donnegan's _Lexicon_ with a slap.  'O if we had only been able to keep
mother's nine hundred pounds, what we could have done!'

'How well she had estimated the sum necessary!  Four hundred and fifty
each, she thought.  And I have no doubt that we could have done it on
that, with care.'

This loss of the nine hundred pounds was the sharp thorn of their crown.
It was a sum which their mother had amassed with great exertion and self-
denial, by adding to a chance legacy such other small amounts as she
could lay hands on from time to time; and she had intended with the hoard
to indulge the dear wish of her heart--that of sending her sons, Joshua
and Cornelius, to one of the Universities, having been informed that from
four hundred to four hundred and fifty each might carry them through
their terms with such great economy as she knew she could trust them to
practise.  But she had died a year or two before this time, worn out by
too keen a strain towards these ends; and the money, coming unreservedly
into the hands of their father, had been nearly dissipated.  With its
exhaustion went all opportunity and hope of a university degree for the

'It drives me mad when I think of it,' said Joshua, the elder.  'And here
we work and work in our own bungling way, and the utmost we can hope for
is a term of years as national schoolmasters, and possible admission to a
Theological college, and ordination as despised licentiates.'

The anger of the elder was reflected as simple sadness in the face of the
other.  'We can preach the Gospel as well without a hood on our surplices
as with one,' he said with feeble consolation.

'Preach the Gospel--true,' said Joshua with a slight pursing of mouth.
'But we can't rise!'

'Let us make the best of it, and grind on.'

The other was silent, and they drearily bent over their books again.

The cause of all this gloom, the millwright Halborough, now snoring in
the shed, had been a thriving master-machinist, notwithstanding his free
and careless disposition, till a taste for a more than adequate quantity
of strong liquor took hold of him; since when his habits had interfered
with his business sadly.  Already millers went elsewhere for their gear,
and only one set of hands was now kept going, though there were formerly
two.  Already he found a difficulty in meeting his men at the week's end,
and though they had been reduced in number there was barely enough work
to do for those who remained.

The sun dropped lower and vanished, the shouts of the village children
ceased to resound, darkness cloaked the students' bedroom, and all the
scene outwardly breathed peace.  None knew of the fevered youthful
ambitions that throbbed in two breasts within the quiet creeper-covered
walls of the millwright's house.

In a few months the brothers left the village of their birth to enter
themselves as students in a training college for schoolmasters; first
having placed their young sister Rosa under as efficient a tuition at a
fashionable watering-place as the means at their disposal could command.


A man in semi-clerical dress was walking along the road which led from
the railway-station into a provincial town.  As he walked he read
persistently, only looking up once now and then to see that he was
keeping on the foot track and to avoid other passengers.  At those
moments, whoever had known the former students at the millwright's would
have perceived that one of them, Joshua Halborough, was the peripatetic
reader here.

What had been simple force in the youth's face was energized judgment in
the man's.  His character was gradually writing itself out in his
countenance.  That he was watching his own career with deeper and deeper
interest, that he continually 'heard his days before him,' and cared to
hear little else, might have been hazarded from what was seen there.  His
ambitions were, in truth, passionate, yet controlled; so that the germs
of many more plans than ever blossomed to maturity had place in him; and
forward visions were kept purposely in twilight, to avoid distraction.

Events so far had been encouraging.  Shortly after assuming the
mastership of his first school he had obtained an introduction to the
Bishop of a diocese far from his native county, who had looked upon him
as a promising young man and taken him in hand.  He was now in the second
year of his residence at the theological college of the cathedral-town,
and would soon be presented for ordination.

He entered the town, turned into a back street, and then into a yard,
keeping his book before him till he set foot under the arch of the latter
place.  Round the arch was written 'National School,' and the stonework
of the jambs was worn away as nothing but boys and the waves of ocean
will wear it.  He was soon amid the sing-song accents of the scholars.

His brother Cornelius, who was the schoolmaster here, laid down the
pointer with which he was directing attention to the Capes of Europe, and
came forward.

'That's his brother Jos!' whispered one of the sixth standard boys.  'He's
going to be a pa'son, he's now at college.'

'Corney is going to be one too, when he's saved enough money,' said

After greeting his brother, whom he had not seen for several months, the
junior began to explain his system of teaching geography.

But Halborough the elder took no interest in the subject.  'How about
your own studies?' he asked.  'Did you get the books I sent?'

Cornelius had received them, and he related what he was doing.

'Mind you work in the morning.  What time do you get up?'

The younger replied: 'Half-past five.'

'Half-past four is not a minute too soon this time of the year.  There is
no time like the morning for construing.  I don't know why, but when I
feel even too dreary to read a novel I can translate--there is something
mechanical about it I suppose.  Now, Cornelius, you are rather
behindhand, and have some heavy reading before you if you mean to get out
of this next Christmas.'

'I am afraid I have.'

'We must soon sound the Bishop.  I am sure you will get a title without
difficulty when he has heard all.  The sub-dean, the principal of my
college, says that the best plan will be for you to come there when his
lordship is present at an examination, and he'll get you a personal
interview with him.  Mind you make a good impression upon him.  I found
in my case that that was everything and doctrine almost nothing.  You'll
do for a deacon, Corney, if not for a priest.'

The younger remained thoughtful.  'Have you heard from Rosa lately?' he
asked; 'I had a letter this morning.'

'Yes.  The little minx writes rather too often.  She is homesick--though
Brussels must be an attractive place enough.  But she must make the most
of her time over there.  I thought a year would be enough for her, after
that high-class school at Sandbourne, but I have decided to give her two,
and make a good job of it, expensive as the establishment is.'

Their two rather harsh faces had softened directly they began to speak of
their sister, whom they loved more ambitiously than they loved

'But where is the money to come from, Joshua?'

'I have already got it.'  He looked round, and finding that some boys
were near withdrew a few steps.  'I have borrowed it at five per cent.
from the farmer who used to occupy the farm next our field.  You remember

'But about paying him?'

'I shall pay him by degrees out of my stipend.  No, Cornelius, it was no
use to do the thing by halves.  She promises to be a most attractive, not
to say beautiful, girl.  I have seen that for years; and if her face is
not her fortune, her face and her brains together will be, if I observe
and contrive aright.  That she should be, every inch of her, an
accomplished and refined woman, was indispensable for the fulfilment of
her destiny, and for moving onwards and upwards with us; and she'll do
it, you will see.  I'd half starve myself rather than take her away from
that school now.'

They looked round the school they were in.  To Cornelius it was natural
and familiar enough, but to Joshua, with his limited human sympathies,
who had just dropped in from a superior sort of place, the sight jarred
unpleasantly, as being that of something he had left behind.  'I shall be
glad when you are out of this,' he said, 'and in your pulpit, and well
through your first sermon.'

'You may as well say inducted into my fat living, while you are about

'Ah, well--don't think lightly of the Church.  There's a fine work for
any man of energy in the Church, as you'll find,' he said fervidly.
'Torrents of infidelity to be stemmed, new views of old subjects to be
expounded, truths in spirit to be substituted for truths in the letter
. . . '  He lapsed into reverie with the vision of his career, persuading
himself that it was ardour for Christianity which spurred him on, and not
pride of place.  He had shouldered a body of doctrine, and was prepared
to defend it tooth and nail, solely for the honour and glory that
warriors win.

'If the Church is elastic, and stretches to the shape of the time, she'll
last, I suppose,' said Cornelius.  'If not--.  Only think, I bought a
copy of Paley's _Evidences_, best edition, broad margins, excellent
preservation, at a bookstall the other day for--ninepence; and I thought
that at this rate Christianity must be in rather a bad way.'

'No, no!' said the other almost, angrily.  'It only shows that such
defences are no longer necessary.  Men's eyes can see the truth without
extraneous assistance.  Besides, we are in for Christianity, and must
stick to her whether or no.  I am just now going right through Pusey's
_Library of the Fathers_.'

'You'll be a bishop, Joshua, before you have done!'

'Ah!' said the other bitterly, shaking his head.  'Perhaps I might have
been--I might have been!  But where is my D.D. or LL.D.; and how be a
bishop without that kind of appendage?  Archbishop Tillotson was the son
of a Sowerby clothier, but he was sent to Clare College.  To hail Oxford
or Cambridge as _alma mater_ is not for me--for us!  My God! when I think
of what we should have been--what fair promise has been blighted by that
cursed, worthless--'

'Hush, hush! . . . But I feel it, too, as much as you.  I have seen it
more forcibly lately.  You would have obtained your degree long before
this time--possibly fellowship--and I should have been on my way to

'Don't talk of it,' said the other.  'We must do the best we can.'

They looked out of the window sadly, through the dusty panes, so high up
that only the sky was visible.  By degrees the haunting trouble loomed
again, and Cornelius broke the silence with a whisper: 'He has called on

The living pulses died on Joshua's face, which grew arid as a clinker.
'When was that?' he asked quickly.

'Last week.'

'How did he get here--so many miles?'

'Came by railway.  He came to ask for money.'


'He says he will call on you.'

Joshua replied resignedly.  The theme of their conversation spoilt his
buoyancy for that afternoon.  He returned in the evening, Cornelius
accompanying him to the station; but he did not read in the train which
took him back to the Fountall Theological College, as he had done on the
way out.  That ineradicable trouble still remained as a squalid spot in
the expanse of his life.  He sat with the other students in the cathedral
choir next day; and the recollection of the trouble obscured the purple
splendour thrown by the panes upon the floor.

It was afternoon.  All was as still in the Close as a cathedral-green can
be between the Sunday services, and the incessant cawing of the rooks was
the only sound.  Joshua Halborough had finished his ascetic lunch, and
had gone into the library, where he stood for a few moments looking out
of the large window facing the green.  He saw walking slowly across it a
man in a fustian coat and a battered white hat with a much-ruffled nap,
having upon his arm a tall gipsy-woman wearing long brass earrings.  The
man was staring quizzically at the west front of the cathedral, and
Halborough recognized in him the form and features of his father.  Who
the woman was he knew not.  Almost as soon as Joshua became conscious of
these things, the sub-dean, who was also the principal of the college,
and of whom the young man stood in more awe than of the Bishop himself,
emerged from the gate and entered a path across the Close.  The pair met
the dignitary, and to Joshua's horror his father turned and addressed the

What passed between them he could not tell.  But as he stood in a cold
sweat he saw his father place his hand familiarly on the sub-dean's
shoulder; the shrinking response of the latter, and his quick withdrawal,
told his feeling.  The woman seemed to say nothing, but when the sub-dean
had passed by they came on towards the college gate.

Halborough flew along the corridor and out at a side door, so as to
intercept them before they could reach the front entrance, for which they
were making.  He caught them behind a clump of laurel.

'By Jerry, here's the very chap!  Well, you're a fine fellow, Jos, never
to send your father as much as a twist o' baccy on such an occasion, and
to leave him to travel all these miles to find ye out!'

'First, who is this?' said Joshua Halborough with pale dignity, waving
his hand towards the buxom woman with the great earrings.

'Dammy, the mis'ess!  Your step-mother!  Didn't you know I'd married?  She
helped me home from market one night, and we came to terms, and struck
the bargain.  Didn't we, Selinar?'

'Oi, by the great Lord an' we did!' simpered the lady.

'Well, what sort of a place is this you are living in?' asked the
millwright.  'A kind of house-of-correction, apparently?'

Joshua listened abstractedly, his features set to resignation.  Sick at
heart he was going to ask them if they were in want of any necessary, any
meal, when his father cut him short by saying, 'Why, we've called to ask
ye to come round and take pot-luck with us at the Cock-and-Bottle, where
we've put up for the day, on our way to see mis'ess's friends at Binegar
Fair, where they'll be lying under canvas for a night or two.  As for the
victuals at the Cock I can't testify to 'em at all; but for the drink,
they've the rarest drop of Old Tom that I've tasted for many a year.'

'Thanks; but I am a teetotaller; and I have lunched,' said Joshua, who
could fully believe his father's testimony to the gin, from the odour of
his breath.  'You see we have to observe regular habits here; and I
couldn't be seen at the Cock-and-Bottle just now.'

'O dammy, then don't come, your reverence.  Perhaps you won't mind
standing treat for those who can be seen there?'

'Not a penny,' said the younger firmly.  'You've had enough already.'

'Thank you for nothing.  By the bye, who was that spindle-legged, shoe-
buckled parson feller we met by now?  He seemed to think we should poison

Joshua remarked coldly that it was the principal of his college,
guardedly inquiring, 'Did you tell him whom you were come to see?'

His father did not reply.  He and his strapping gipsy wife--if she were
his wife--stayed no longer, and disappeared in the direction of the High
Street.  Joshua Halborough went back to the library.  Determined as was
his nature, he wept hot tears upon the books, and was immeasurably more
wretched that afternoon than the unwelcome millwright.  In the evening he
sat down and wrote a letter to his brother, in which, after stating what
had happened, and expatiating upon this new disgrace in the gipsy wife,
he propounded a plan for raising money sufficient to induce the couple to
emigrate to Canada.  'It is our only chance,' he said.  'The case as it
stands is maddening.  For a successful painter, sculptor, musician,
author, who takes society by storm, it is no drawback, it is sometimes
even a romantic recommendation, to hail from outcasts and profligates.
But for a clergyman of the Church of England!  Cornelius, it is fatal!  To
succeed in the Church, people must believe in you, first of all, as a
gentleman, secondly as a man of means, thirdly as a scholar, fourthly as
a preacher, fifthly, perhaps, as a Christian,--but always first as a
gentleman, with all their heart and soul and strength.  I would have
faced the fact of being a small machinist's son, and have taken my
chance, if he'd been in any sense respectable and decent.  The essence of
Christianity is humility, and by the help of God I would have brazened it
out.  But this terrible vagabondage and disreputable connection!  If he
does not accept my terms and leave the country, it will extinguish us and
kill me.  For how can we live, and relinquish our high aim, and bring
down our dear sister Rosa to the level of a gipsy's step-daughter?'


There was excitement in the parish of Narrobourne one day.  The
congregation had just come out from morning service, and the whole
conversation was of the new curate, Mr. Halborough, who had officiated
for the first time, in the absence of the rector.

Never before had the feeling of the villagers approached a level which
could be called excitement on such a matter as this.  The droning which
had been the rule in that quiet old place for a century seemed ended at
last.  They repeated the text to each other as a refrain: 'O Lord, be
thou my helper!'  Not within living memory till to-day had the subject of
the sermon formed the topic of conversation from the church door to
church-yard gate, to the exclusion of personal remarks on those who had
been present, and on the week's news in general.

The thrilling periods of the preacher hung about their minds all that
day.  The parish being steeped in indifferentism, it happened that when
the youths and maidens, middle-aged and old people, who had attended
church that morning, recurred as by a fascination to what Halborough had
said, they did so more or less indirectly, and even with the subterfuge
of a light laugh that was not real, so great was their shyness under the
novelty of their sensations.

What was more curious than that these unconventional villagers should
have been excited by a preacher of a new school after forty years of
familiarity with the old hand who had had charge of their souls, was the
effect of Halborough's address upon the occupants of the manor-house pew,
including the owner of the estate.  These thought they knew how to
discount the mere sensational sermon, how to minimize flash oratory to
its bare proportions; but they had yielded like the rest of the assembly
to the charm of the newcomer.

Mr. Fellmer, the landowner, was a young widower, whose mother, still in
the prime of life, had returned to her old position in the family mansion
since the death of her son's wife in the year after her marriage, at the
birth of a fragile little girl.  From the date of his loss to the present
time, Fellmer had led an inactive existence in the seclusion of the
parish; a lack of motive seemed to leave him listless.  He had gladly
reinstated his mother in the gloomy house, and his main occupation now
lay in stewarding his estate, which was not large.  Mrs. Fellmer, who had
sat beside him under Halborough this morning, was a cheerful,
straightforward woman, who did her marketing and her alms-giving in
person, was fond of old-fashioned flowers, and walked about the village
on very wet days visiting the parishioners.  These, the only two great
ones of Narrobourne, were impressed by Joshua's eloquence as much as the

Halborough had been briefly introduced to them on his arrival some days
before, and, their interest being kindled, they waited a few moments till
he came out of the vestry, to walk down the churchyard-path with him.
Mrs. Fellmer spoke warmly of the sermon, of the good fortune of the
parish in his advent, and hoped he had found comfortable quarters.

Halborough, faintly flushing, said that he had obtained very fair
lodgings in the roomy house of a farmer, whom he named.

She feared he would find it very lonely, especially in the evenings, and
hoped they would see a good deal of him.  When would he dine with them?
Could he not come that day--it must be so dull for him the first Sunday
evening in country lodgings?

Halborough replied that it would give him much pleasure, but that he
feared he must decline.  'I am not altogether alone,' he said.  'My
sister, who has just returned from Brussels, and who felt, as you do,
that I should be rather dismal by myself, has accompanied me hither to
stay a few days till she has put my rooms in order and set me going.  She
was too fatigued to come to church, and is waiting for me now at the

'Oh, but bring your sister--that will be still better!  I shall be
delighted to know her.  How I wish I had been aware!  Do tell her,
please, that we had no idea of her presence.'

Halborough assured Mrs. Fellmer that he would certainly bear the message;
but as to her coming he was not so sure.  The real truth was, however,
that the matter would be decided by him, Rosa having an almost filial
respect for his wishes.  But he was uncertain as to the state of her
wardrobe, and had determined that she should not enter the manor-house at
a disadvantage that evening, when there would probably be plenty of
opportunities in the future of her doing so becomingly.

He walked to the farm in long strides.  This, then, was the outcome of
his first morning's work as curate here.  Things had gone fairly well
with him.  He had been ordained; he was in a comfortable parish, where he
would exercise almost sole supervision, the rector being infirm.  He had
made a deep impression at starting, and the absence of a hood seemed to
have done him no harm.  Moreover, by considerable persuasion and payment,
his father and the dark woman had been shipped off to Canada, where they
were not likely to interfere greatly with his interests.

Rosa came out to meet him.  'Ah! you should have gone to church like a
good girl,' he said.

'Yes--I wished I had afterwards.  But I do so hate church as a rule that
even your preaching was underestimated in my mind.  It was too bad of

The girl who spoke thus playfully was fair, tall, and sylph-like, in a
muslin dress, and with just the coquettish _desinvolture_ which an
English girl brings home from abroad, and loses again after a few months
of native life.  Joshua was the reverse of playful; the world was too
important a concern for him to indulge in light moods.  He told her in
decided, practical phraseology of the invitation.

'Now, Rosa, we must go--that's settled--if you've a dress that can be
made fit to wear all on the hop like this.  You didn't, of course, think
of bringing an evening dress to such an out-of-the-way place?'

But Rosa had come from the wrong city to be caught napping in those
matters.  'Yes, I did,' said she.  'One never knows what may turn up.'

'Well done!  Then off we go at seven.'

The evening drew on, and at dusk they started on foot, Rosa pulling up
the edge of her skirt under her cloak out of the way of the dews, so that
it formed a great wind-bag all round her, and carrying her satin shoes
under her arm.  Joshua would not let her wait till she got indoors before
changing them, as she proposed, but insisted on her performing that
operation under a tree, so that they might enter as if they had not
walked.  He was nervously formal about such trifles, while Rosa took the
whole proceeding--walk, dressing, dinner, and all--as a pastime.  To
Joshua it was a serious step in life.

A more unexpected kind of person for a curate's sister was never
presented at a dinner.  The surprise of Mrs. Fellmer was unconcealed.  She
had looked forward to a Dorcas, or Martha, or Rhoda at the outside, and a
shade of misgiving crossed her face.  It was possible that, had the young
lady accompanied her brother to church, there would have been no dining
at Narrobourne House that day.

Not so with the young widower, her son.  He resembled a sleeper who had
awaked in a summer noon expecting to find it only dawn.  He could
scarcely help stretching his arms and yawning in their faces, so strong
was his sense of being suddenly aroused to an unforeseen thing.  When
they had sat down to table he at first talked to Rosa somewhat with the
air of a ruler in the land; but the woman lurking in the acquaintance
soon brought him to his level, and the girl from Brussels saw him looking
at her mouth, her hands, her contour, as if he could not quite comprehend
how they got created: then he dropped into the more satisfactory stage
which discerns no particulars.

He talked but little; she said much.  The homeliness of the Fellmers, to
her view, though they were regarded with such awe down here, quite
disembarrassed her.  The squire had become so unpractised, had dropped so
far into the shade during the last year or so of his life, that he had
almost forgotten what the world contained till this evening reminded him.
His mother, after her first moments of doubt, appeared to think that he
must be left to his own guidance, and gave her attention to Joshua.

With all his foresight and doggedness of aim, the result of that dinner
exceeded Halborough's expectations.  In weaving his ambitions he had
viewed his sister Rosa as a slight, bright thing to be helped into notice
by his abilities; but it now began to dawn upon him that the physical
gifts of nature to her might do more for them both than nature's
intellectual gifts to himself.  While he was patiently boring the tunnel
Rosa seemed about to fly over the mountain.

He wrote the next day to his brother, now occupying his own old rooms in
the theological college, telling him exultingly of the unanticipated
_debut_ of Rosa at the manor-house.  The next post brought him a reply of
congratulation, dashed with the counteracting intelligence that his
father did not like Canada--that his wife had deserted him, which made
him feel so dreary that he thought of returning home.

In his recent satisfaction at his own successes Joshua Halborough had
well-nigh forgotten his chronic trouble--latterly screened by distance.
But it now returned upon him; he saw more in this brief announcement than
his brother seemed to see.  It was the cloud no bigger than a man's hand.


The following December, a day or two before Christmas, Mrs. Fellmer and
her son were walking up and down the broad gravel path which bordered the
east front of the house.  Till within the last half-hour the morning had
been a drizzling one, and they had just emerged for a short turn before

'You see, dear mother,' the son was saying, 'it is the peculiarity of my
position which makes her appear to me in such a desirable light.  When
you consider how I have been crippled at starting, how my life has been
maimed; that I feel anything like publicity distasteful, that I have ye
no political ambition, and that my chief aim and hope lie in the
education of the little thing Annie has left me, you must see how
desirable a wife like Miss Halborough would be, to prevent my becoming a
mere vegetable.'

'If you adore her, I suppose you must have her!' replied his mother with
dry indirectness.  'But you'll find that she will not be content to live
on here as you do, giving her whole mind to a young child.'

'That's just where we differ.  Her very disqualification, that of being a
nobody, as you call it, is her recommendation in my eyes.  Her lack of
influential connections limits her ambition.  From what I know of her, a
life in this place is all that she would wish for.  She would never care
to go outside the park-gates if it were necessary to stay within.'

'Being in love with her, Albert, and meaning to marry her, you invent
your practical reasons to make the case respectable.  Well, do as you
will; I have no authority over you, so why should you consult me?  You
mean to propose on this very occasion, no doubt.  Don't you, now?'

'By no means.  I am merely revolving the idea in my mind.  If on further
acquaintance she turns out to be as good as she has hitherto seemed--well,
I shall see.  Admit, now, that you like her.'

'I readily admit it.  She is very captivating at first sight.  But as a
stepmother to your child!  You seem mighty anxious, Albert, to get rid of

'Not at all.  And I am not so reckless as you think.  I don't make up my
mind in a hurry.  But the thought having occurred to me, I mention it to
you at once, mother.  If you dislike it, say so.'

'I don't say anything.  I will try to make the best of it if you are
determined.  When does she come?'


All this time there were great preparations in train at the curate's, who
was now a householder.  Rosa, whose two or three weeks' stay on two
occasions earlier in the year had so affected the squire, was coming
again, and at the same time her younger brother Cornelius, to make up a
family party.  Rosa, who journeyed from the Midlands, could not arrive
till late in the evening, but Cornelius was to get there in the
afternoon, Joshua going out to meet him in his walk across the fields
from the railway.

Everything being ready in Joshua's modest abode he started on his way,
his heart buoyant and thankful, if ever it was in his life.  He was of
such good report himself that his brother's path into holy orders
promised to be unexpectedly easy; and he longed to compare experiences
with him, even though there was on hand a more exciting matter still.
From his youth he had held that, in old-fashioned country places, the
Church conferred social prestige up to a certain point at a cheaper price
than any other profession or pursuit; and events seemed to be proving him

He had walked about half an hour when he saw Cornelius coming along the
path; and in a few minutes the two brothers met.  The experiences of
Cornelius had been less immediately interesting than those of Joshua, but
his personal position was satisfactory, and there was nothing to account
for the singularly subdued manner that he exhibited, which at first
Joshua set down to the fatigue of over-study; and he proceeded to the
subject of Rosa's arrival in the evening, and the probable consequences
of this her third visit.  'Before next Easter she'll be his wife, my
boy,' said Joshua with grave exultation.

Cornelius shook his head.  'She comes too late!' he returned.

'What do you mean?'

'Look here.'  He produced the Fountall paper, and placed his finger on a
paragraph, which Joshua read.  It appeared under the report of Petty
Sessions, and was a commonplace case of disorderly conduct, in which a
man was sent to prison for seven days for breaking windows in that town.

'Well?' said Joshua.

'It happened during an evening that I was in the street; and the offender
is our father.'

'Not--how--I sent him more money on his promising to stay in Canada?'

'He is home, safe enough.'  Cornelius in the same gloomy tone gave the
remainder of his information.  He had witnessed the scene, unobserved of
his father, and had heard him say that he was on his way to see his
daughter, who was going to marry a rich gentleman.  The only good fortune
attending the untoward incident was that the millwright's name had been
printed as Joshua Alborough.

'Beaten!  We are to be beaten on the eve of our expected victory!' said
the elder brother.  'How did he guess that Rosa was likely to marry?  Good
Heaven Cornelius, you seem doomed to bring bad news always, do you not!'

'I do,' said Cornelius.  'Poor Rosa!'

It was almost in tears, so great was their heart-sickness and shame, that
the brothers walked the remainder of the way to Joshua's dwelling.  In
the evening they set out to meet Rosa, bringing her to the village in a
fly; and when she had come into the house, and was sitting down with
them, they almost forgot their secret anxiety in contemplating her, who
knew nothing about it.

Next day the Fellmers came, and the two or three days after that were a
lively time.  That the squire was yielding to his impulses--making up his
mind--there could be no doubt.  On Sunday Cornelius read the lessons, and
Joshua preached.  Mrs. Fellmer was quite maternal towards Rosa, and it
appeared that she had decided to welcome the inevitable with a good
grace.  The pretty girl was to spend yet another afternoon with the elder
lady, superintending some parish treat at the house in observance of
Christmas, and afterwards to stay on to dinner, her brothers to fetch her
in the evening.  They were also invited to dine, but they could not
accept owing to an engagement.

The engagement was of a sombre sort.  They were going to meet their
father, who would that day be released from Fountall Gaol, and try to
persuade him to keep away from Narrobourne.  Every exertion was to be
made to get him back to Canada, to his old home in the Midlands--anywhere,
so that he would not impinge disastrously upon their courses, and blast
their sister's prospects of the auspicious marriage which was just then
hanging in the balance.

As soon as Rosa had been fetched away by her friends at the manor-house
her brothers started on their expedition, without waiting for dinner or
tea.  Cornelius, to whom the millwright always addressed his letters when
he wrote any, drew from his pocket and re-read as he walked the curt note
which had led to this journey being undertaken; it was despatched by
their father the night before, immediately upon his liberation, and
stated that he was setting out for Narrobourne at the moment of writing;
that having no money he would be obliged to walk all the way; that he
calculated on passing through the intervening town of Ivell about six on
the following day, where he should sup at the Castle Inn, and where he
hoped they would meet him with a carriage-and-pair, or some other such
conveyance, that he might not disgrace them by arriving like a tramp.

'That sounds as if he gave a thought to our position,' said Cornelius.

Joshua knew the satire that lurked in the paternal words, and said
nothing.  Silence prevailed during the greater part of their journey.  The
lamps were lighted in Ivell when they entered the streets, and Cornelius,
who was quite unknown in this neighbourhood, and who, moreover, was not
in clerical attire, decided that he should be the one to call at the
Castle Inn.  Here, in answer to his inquiry under the darkness of the
archway, they told him that such a man as he had described left the house
about a quarter of an hour earlier, after making a meal in the kitchen-
settle.  He was rather the worse for liquor.

'Then,' said Joshua, when Cornelius joined him outside with this
intelligence, 'we must have met and passed him!  And now that I think of
it, we did meet some one who was unsteady in his gait, under the trees on
the other side of Hendford Hill, where it was too dark to see him.'

They rapidly retraced their steps; but for a long stretch of the way home
could discern nobody.  When, however, they had gone about three-quarters
of the distance, they became conscious of an irregular footfall in front
of them, and could see a whitish figure in the gloom.  They followed
dubiously.  The figure met another wayfarer--the single one that had been
encountered upon this lonely road--and they distinctly heard him ask the
way to Narrobourne.  The stranger replied--what was quite true--that the
nearest way was by turning in at the stile by the next bridge, and
following the footpath which branched thence across the meadows.

When the brothers reached the stile they also entered the path, but did
not overtake the subject of their worry till they had crossed two or
three meads, and the lights from Narrobourne manor-house were visible
before them through the trees.  Their father was no longer walking; he
was seated against the wet bank of an adjoining hedge.  Observing their
forms he shouted, 'I'm going to Narrobourne; who may you be?'

They went up to him, and revealed themselves, reminding him of the plan
which he had himself proposed in his note, that they should meet him at

'By Jerry, I'd forgot it!' he said.  'Well, what do you want me to do?'
His tone was distinctly quarrelsome.

A long conversation followed, which became embittered at the first hint
from them that he should not come to the village.  The millwright drew a
quart bottle from his pocket, and challenged them to drink if they meant
friendly and called themselves men.  Neither of the two had touched
alcohol for years, but for once they thought it best to accept, so as not
to needlessly provoke him.

'What's in it?' said Joshua.

'A drop of weak gin-and-water.  It won't hurt ye.  Drin' from the
bottle.'  Joshua did so, and his father pushed up the bottom of the
vessel so as to make him swallow a good deal in spite of himself.  It
went down into his stomach like molten lead.

'Ha, ha, that's right!' said old Halborough.  'But 'twas raw spirit--ha,

'Why should you take me in so!' said Joshua, losing his self-command, try
as he would to keep calm.

'Because you took me in, my lad, in banishing me to that cursed country
under pretence that it was for my good.  You were a pair of hypocrites to
say so.  It was done to get rid of me--no more nor less.  But, by Jerry,
I'm a match for ye now!  I'll spoil your souls for preaching.  My
daughter is going to be married to the squire here.  I've heard the
news--I saw it in a paper!'

'It is premature--'

'I know it is true; and I'm her father, and I shall give her away, or
there'll be a hell of a row, I can assure ye!  Is that where the
gennleman lives?'

Joshua Halborough writhed in impotent despair.  Fellmer had not yet
positively declared himself, his mother was hardly won round; a scene
with their father in the parish would demolish as fair a palace of hopes
as was ever builded.  The millwright rose.  'If that's where the squire
lives I'm going to call.  Just arrived from Canady with her fortune--ha,
ha!  I wish no harm to the gennleman, and the gennleman will wish no harm
to me.  But I like to take my place in the family, and stand upon my
rights, and lower people's pride!'

'You've succeeded already!  Where's that woman you took with you--'

'Woman!  She was my wife as lawful as the Constitution--a sight more
lawful than your mother was till some time after you were born!'

Joshua had for many years before heard whispers that his father had
cajoled his mother in their early acquaintance, and had made somewhat
tardy amends; but never from his father's lips till now.  It was the last
stroke, and he could not bear it.  He sank back against the hedge.  'It
is over!' he said.  'He ruins us all!'

The millwright moved on, waving his stick triumphantly, and the two
brothers stood still.  They could see his drab figure stalking along the
path, and over his head the lights from the conservatory of Narrobourne
House, inside which Albert Fellmer might possibly be sitting with Rosa at
that moment, holding her hand, and asking her to share his home with him.

The staggering whitey-brown form, advancing to put a blot on all this,
had been diminishing in the shade; and now suddenly disappeared beside a
weir.  There was the noise of a flounce in the water.

'He has fallen in!' said Cornelius, starting forward to run for the place
at which his father had vanished.

Joshua, awaking from the stupefied reverie into which he had sunk, rushed
to the other's side before he had taken ten steps.  'Stop, stop, what are
you thinking of?' he whispered hoarsely, grasping Cornelius's arm.

'Pulling him out!'

'Yes, yes--so am I.  But--wait a moment--'

'But, Joshua!'

'Her life and happiness, you know--Cornelius--and your reputation and
mine--and our chance of rising together, all three--'

He clutched his brother's arm to the bone; and as they stood breathless
the splashing and floundering in the weir continued; over it they saw the
hopeful lights from the manor-house conservatory winking through the
trees as their bare branches waved to and fro.

The floundering and splashing grew weaker, and they could hear gurgling
words: 'Help--I'm drownded!  Rosie--Rosie!'

'We'll go--we must save him.  O Joshua!'

'Yes, yes! we must!'

Still they did not move, but waited, holding each other, each thinking
the same thought.  Weights of lead seemed to be affixed to their feet,
which would no longer obey their wills.  The mead became silent.  Over it
they fancied they could see figures moving in the conservatory.  The air
up there seemed to emit gentle kisses.

Cornelius started forward at last, and Joshua almost simultaneously.  Two
or three minutes brought them to the brink of the stream.  At first they
could see nothing in the water, though it was not so deep nor the night
so dark but that their father's light kerseymere coat would have been
visible if he had lain at the bottom.  Joshua looked this way and that.

'He has drifted into the culvert,' he said.

Below the foot-bridge of the weir the stream suddenly narrowed to half
its width, to pass under a barrel arch or culvert constructed for waggons
to cross into the middle of the mead in haymaking time.  It being at
present the season of high water the arch was full to the crown, against
which the ripples clucked every now and then.  At this point he had just
caught sight of a pale object slipping under.  In a moment it was gone.

They went to the lower end, but nothing emerged.  For a long time they
tried at both ends to effect some communication with the interior, but to
no purpose.

'We ought to have come sooner!' said the conscience-stricken Cornelius,
when they were quite exhausted, and dripping wet.

'I suppose we ought,' replied Joshua heavily.  He perceived his father's
walking-stick on the bank; hastily picking it up he stuck it into the mud
among the sedge.  Then they went on.

'Shall we--say anything about this accident?' whispered Cornelius as they
approached the door of Joshua's house.

'What's the use?  It can do no good.  We must wait until he is found.'

They went indoors and changed their clothes; after which they started for
the manor-house, reaching it about ten o'clock.  Besides their sister
there were only three guests; an adjoining landowner and his wife, and
the infirm old rector.

Rosa, although she had parted from them so recently, grasped their hands
in an ecstatic, brimming, joyful manner, as if she had not seen them for
years.  'You look pale,' she said.

The brothers answered that they had had a long walk, and were somewhat
tired.  Everybody in the room seemed charged full with some sort of
interesting knowledge: the squire's neighbour and his wife looked wisely
around; and Fellmer himself played the part of host with a preoccupied
bearing which approached fervour.  They left at eleven, not accepting the
carriage offered, the distance being so short and the roads dry.  The
squire came rather farther into the dark with them than he need have
done, and wished Rosa good-night in a mysterious manner, slightly apart
from the rest.

When they were walking along Joshua said, with desperate attempt at
joviality, 'Rosa, what's going on?'

'O, I--' she began between a gasp and a bound.  'He--'

'Never mind--if it disturbs you.'

She was so excited that she could not speak connectedly at first, the
practised air which she had brought home with her having disappeared.
Calming herself she added, 'I am not disturbed, and nothing has happened.
Only he said he wanted to ask me _something_, some day; and I said never
mind that now.  He hasn't asked yet, and is coining to speak to you about
it.  He would have done so to-night, only I asked him not to be in a
hurry.  But he will come to-morrow, I am sure!'


It was summer-time, six months later, and mowers and haymakers were at
work in the meads.  The manor-house, being opposite them, frequently
formed a peg for conversation during these operations; and the doings of
the squire, and the squire's young wife, the curate's sister--who was at
present the admired of most of them, and the interest of all--met with
their due amount of criticism.

Rosa was happy, if ever woman could be said to be so.  She had not learnt
the fate of her father, and sometimes wondered--perhaps with a sense of
relief--why he did not write to her from his supposed home in Canada.  Her
brother Joshua had been presented to a living in a small town, shortly
after her marriage, and Cornelius had thereupon succeeded to the vacant
curacy of Narrobourne.

These two had awaited in deep suspense the discovery of their father's
body; and yet the discovery had not been made.  Every day they expected a
man or a boy to run up from the meads with the intelligence; but he had
never come.  Days had accumulated to weeks and months; the wedding had
come and gone: Joshua had tolled and read himself in at his new parish;
and never a shout of amazement over the millwright's remains.

But now, in June, when they were mowing the meads, the hatches had to be
drawn and the water let out of its channels for the convenience of the
mowers.  It was thus that the discovery was made.  A man, stooping low
with his scythe, caught a view of the culvert lengthwise, and saw
something entangled in the recently bared weeds of its bed.  A day or two
after there was an inquest; but the body was unrecognizable.  Fish and
flood had been busy with the millwright; he had no watch or marked
article which could be identified; and a verdict of the accidental
drowning of a person unknown settled the matter.

As the body was found in Narrobourne parish, there it had to be buried.
Cornelius wrote to Joshua, begging him to come and read the service, or
to send some one; he himself could not do it.  Rather than let in a
stranger Joshua came, and silently scanned the coroner's order handed him
by the undertaker:--

'I, Henry Giles, Coroner for the Mid-Division of Outer Wessex, do hereby
order the Burial of the Body now shown to the Inquest Jury as the Body of
an Adult Male Person Unknown . . . ,' etc.

Joshua Halborough got through the service in some way, and rejoined his
brother Cornelius at his house.  Neither accepted an invitation to lunch
at their sister's; they wished to discuss parish matters together.  In
the afternoon she came down, though they had already called on her, and
had not expected to see her again.  Her bright eyes, brown hair, flowery
bonnet, lemon-coloured gloves, and flush beauty, were like an irradiation
into the apartment, which they in their gloom could hardly bear.

'I forgot to tell you,' she said, 'of a curious thing which happened to
me a month or two before my marriage--something which I have thought may
have had a connection with the accident to the poor man you have buried
to-day.  It was on that evening I was at the manor-house waiting for you
to fetch me; I was in the winter-garden with Albert, and we were sitting
silent together, when we fancied we heard a cry.  We opened the door, and
while Albert ran to fetch his hat, leaving me standing there, the cry was
repeated, and my excited senses made me think I heard my own name.  When
Albert came back all was silent, and we decided that it was only a
drunken shout, and not a cry for help.  We both forgot the incident, and
it never has occurred to me till since the funeral to-day that it might
have been this stranger's cry.  The name of course was only fancy, or he
might have had a wife or child with a name something like mine, poor

When she was gone the brothers were silent till Cornelius said, 'Now mark
this, Joshua.  Sooner or later she'll know.'


'From one of us.  Do you think human hearts are iron-cased safes, that
you suppose we can keep this secret for ever?'

'Yes, I think they are, sometimes,' said Joshua.

'No.  It will out.  We shall tell.'

'What, and ruin her--kill her?  Disgrace her children, and pull down the
whole auspicious house of Fellmer about our ears?  No!  May I--drown
where he was drowned before I do it!  Never, never.  Surely you can say
the same, Cornelius!'

Cornelius seemed fortified, and no more was said.  For a long time after
that day he did not see Joshua, and before the next year was out a son
and heir was born to the Fellmers.  The villagers rang the three bells
every evening for a week and more, and were made merry by Mr. Fellmer's
ale; and when the christening came on Joshua paid Narrobourne another

Among all the people who assembled on that day the brother clergymen were
the least interested.  Their minds were haunted by a spirit in kerseymere
in the evening they walked together in the fields.

'She's all right,' said Joshua.  'But here are you doing journey-work,
Cornelius, and likely to continue at it till the end of the day, as far
as I can see.  I, too, with my petty living--what am I after all? . . .
To tell the truth, the Church is a poor forlorn hope for people without
influence, particularly when their enthusiasm begins to flag.  A social
regenerator has a better chance outside, where he is unhampered by dogma
and tradition.  As for me, I would rather have gone on mending mills,
with my crust of bread and liberty.'

Almost automatically they had bent their steps along the margin of the
river; they now paused.  They were standing on the brink of the
well-known weir.  There were the hatches, there was the culvert; they
could see the pebbly bed of the stream through the pellucid water.  The
notes of the church-bells were audible, still jangled by the enthusiastic

'Why see--it was there I hid his walking-stick!' said Joshua, looking
towards the sedge.  The next moment, during a passing breeze, something
flashed white on the spot to which the attention of Cornelius was drawn.

From the sedge rose a straight little silver-poplar, and it was the
leaves of this sapling which caused the flicker of whiteness.

'His walking-stick has grown!' Joshua added.  'It was a rough one--cut
from the hedge, I remember.'

At every puff of wind the tree turned white, till they could not bear to
look at it; and they walked away.

'I see him every night,' Cornelius murmured . . . 'Ah, we read our
_Hebrews_ to little account, Jos!  [Greek text].  To have endured the
cross, despising the shame--there lay greatness!  But now I often feel
that I should like to put an end to trouble here in this self-same spot.'

'I have thought of it myself,' said Joshua.

'Perhaps we shall, some day,' murmured his brother.  'Perhaps,' said
Joshua moodily.

With that contingency to consider in the silence of their nights and days
they bent their steps homewards.

_December_ 1888.



The man who played the disturbing part in the two quiet lives hereafter
depicted--no great man, in any sense, by the way--first had knowledge of
them on an October evening, in the city of Melchester.  He had been
standing in the Close, vainly endeavouring to gain amid the darkness a
glimpse of the most homogeneous pile of mediaeval architecture in
England, which towered and tapered from the damp and level sward in front
of him.  While he stood the presence of the Cathedral walls was revealed
rather by the ear than by the eyes; he could not see them, but they
reflected sharply a roar of sound which entered the Close by a street
leading from the city square, and, falling upon the building, was flung
back upon him.

He postponed till the morrow his attempt to examine the deserted edifice,
and turned his attention to the noise.  It was compounded of steam barrel-
organs, the clanging of gongs, the ringing of hand-bells, the clack of
rattles, and the undistinguishable shouts of men.  A lurid light hung in
the air in the direction of the tumult.  Thitherward he went, passing
under the arched gateway, along a straight street, and into the square.

He might have searched Europe over for a greater contrast between
juxtaposed scenes.  The spectacle was that of the eighth chasm of the
Inferno as to colour and flame, and, as to mirth, a development of the
Homeric heaven.  A smoky glare, of the complexion of brass-filings,
ascended from the fiery tongues of innumerable naphtha lamps affixed to
booths, stalls, and other temporary erections which crowded the spacious
market-square.  In front of this irradiation scores of human figures,
more or less in profile, were darting athwart and across, up, down, and
around, like gnats against a sunset.

Their motions were so rhythmical that they seemed to be moved by
machinery.  And it presently appeared that they were moved by machinery
indeed; the figures being those of the patrons of swings, see-saws,
flying-leaps, above all of the three steam roundabouts which occupied the
centre of the position.  It was from the latter that the din of steam-
organs came.

Throbbing humanity in full light was, on second thoughts, better than
architecture in the dark.  The young man, lighting a short pipe, and
putting his hat on one side and one hand in his pocket, to throw himself
into harmony with his new environment, drew near to the largest and most
patronized of the steam circuses, as the roundabouts were called by their
owners.  This was one of brilliant finish, and it was now in full
revolution.  The musical instrument around which and to whose tones the
riders revolved, directed its trumpet-mouths of brass upon the young man,
and the long plate-glass mirrors set at angles, which revolved with the
machine, flashed the gyrating personages and hobby horses
kaleidoscopically into his eyes.

It could now be seen that he was unlike the majority of the crowd.  A
gentlemanly young fellow, one of the species found in large towns only,
and London particularly, built on delicate lines, well, though not
fashionably dressed, he appeared to belong to the professional class; he
had nothing square or practical about his look, much that was curvilinear
and sensuous.  Indeed, some would have called him a man not altogether
typical of the middle-class male of a century wherein sordid ambition is
the master-passion that seems to be taking the time-honoured place of

The revolving figures passed before his eyes with an unexpected and quiet
grace in a throng whose natural movements did not suggest gracefulness or
quietude as a rule.  By some contrivance there was imparted to each of
the hobby-horses a motion which was really the triumph and perfection of
roundabout inventiveness--a galloping rise and fall, so timed that, of
each pair of steeds, one was on the spring while the other was on the
pitch.  The riders were quite fascinated by these equine undulations in
this most delightful holiday-game of our times.  There were riders as
young as six, and as old as sixty years, with every age between.  At
first it was difficult to catch a personality, but by and by the
observer's eyes centred on the prettiest girl out of the several pretty
ones revolving.

It was not that one with the light frock and light hat whom he had been
at first attracted by; no, it was the one with the black cape, grey
skirt, light gloves and--no, not even she, but the one behind her; she
with the crimson skirt, dark jacket, brown hat and brown gloves.
Unmistakably that was the prettiest girl.

Having finally selected her, this idle spectator studied her as well as
he was able during each of her brief transits across his visual field.
She was absolutely unconscious of everything save the act of riding: her
features were rapt in an ecstatic dreaminess; for the moment she did not
know her age or her history or her lineaments, much less her troubles.  He
himself was full of vague latter-day glooms and popular melancholies, and
it was a refreshing sensation to behold this young thing then and there,
absolutely as happy as if she were in a Paradise.

Dreading the moment when the inexorable stoker, grimily lurking behind
the glittering rococo-work, should decide that this set of riders had had
their pennyworth, and bring the whole concern of steam-engine, horses,
mirrors, trumpets, drums, cymbals, and such-like to pause and silence, he
waited for her every reappearance, glancing indifferently over the
intervening forms, including the two plainer girls, the old woman and
child, the two youngsters, the newly-married couple, the old man with a
clay pipe, the sparkish youth with a ring, the young ladies in the
chariot, the pair of journeyman-carpenters, and others, till his select
country beauty followed on again in her place.  He had never seen a
fairer product of nature, and at each round she made a deeper mark in his
sentiments.  The stoppage then came, and the sighs of the riders were

He moved round to the place at which he reckoned she would alight; but
she retained her seat.  The empty saddles began to refill, and she
plainly was deciding to have another turn.  The young man drew up to the
side of her steed, and pleasantly asked her if she had enjoyed her ride.

'O yes!' she said, with dancing eyes.  'It has been quite unlike anything
I have ever felt in my life before!'

It was not difficult to fall into conversation with her.  Unreserved--too
unreserved--by nature, she was not experienced enough to be reserved by
art, and after a little coaxing she answered his remarks readily.  She
had come to live in Melchester from a village on the Great Plain, and
this was the first time that she had ever seen a steam-circus; she could
not understand how such wonderful machines were made.  She had come to
the city on the invitation of Mrs. Harnham, who had taken her into her
household to train her as a servant, if she showed any aptitude.  Mrs.
Harnham was a young lady who before she married had been Miss Edith
White, living in the country near the speaker's cottage; she was now very
kind to her through knowing her in childhood so well.  She was even
taking the trouble to educate her.  Mrs. Harnham was the only friend she
had in the world, and being without children had wished to have her near
her in preference to anybody else, though she had only lately come;
allowed her to do almost as she liked, and to have a holiday whenever she
asked for it.  The husband of this kind young lady was a rich
wine-merchant of the town, but Mrs. Harnham did not care much about him.
In the daytime you could see the house from where they were talking.  She,
the speaker, liked Melchester better than the lonely country, and she was
going to have a new hat for next Sunday that was to cost fifteen and

Then she inquired of her acquaintance where he lived, and he told her in
London, that ancient and smoky city, where everybody lived who lived at
all, and died because they could not live there.  He came into Wessex two
or three times a year for professional reasons; he had arrived from
Wintoncester yesterday, and was going on into the next county in a day or
two.  For one thing he did like the country better than the town, and it
was because it contained such girls as herself.

Then the pleasure-machine started again, and, to the light-hearted girl,
the figure of the handsome young man, the market-square with its lights
and crowd, the houses beyond, and the world at large, began moving round
as before, countermoving in the revolving mirrors on her right hand, she
being as it were the fixed point in an undulating, dazzling, lurid
universe, in which loomed forward most prominently of all the form of her
late interlocutor.  Each time that she approached the half of her orbit
that lay nearest him they gazed at each other with smiles, and with that
unmistakable expression which means so little at the moment, yet so often
leads up to passion, heart-ache, union, disunion, devotion,
overpopulation, drudgery, content, resignation, despair.

When the horses slowed anew he stepped to her side and proposed another
heat.  'Hang the expense for once,' he said.  'I'll pay!'

She laughed till the tears came.

'Why do you laugh, dear?' said he.

'Because--you are so genteel that you must have plenty of money, and only
say that for fun!' she returned.

'Ha-ha!' laughed the young man in unison, and gallantly producing his
money she was enabled to whirl on again.

As he stood smiling there in the motley crowd, with his pipe in his hand,
and clad in the rough pea-jacket and wideawake that he had put on for his
stroll, who would have supposed him to be Charles Bradford Raye, Esquire,
stuff-gownsman, educated at Wintoncester, called to the Bar at Lincoln's-
Inn, now going the Western Circuit, merely detained in Melchester by a
small arbitration after his brethren had moved on to the next


The square was overlooked from its remoter corner by the house of which
the young girl had spoken, a dignified residence of considerable size,
having several windows on each floor.  Inside one of these, on the first
floor, the apartment being a large drawing-room, sat a lady, in
appearance from twenty-eight to thirty years of age.  The blinds were
still undrawn, and the lady was absently surveying the weird scene
without, her cheek resting on her hand.  The room was unlit from within,
but enough of the glare from the market-place entered it to reveal the
lady's face.  She was what is called an interesting creature rather than
a handsome woman; dark-eyed, thoughtful, and with sensitive lips.

A man sauntered into the room from behind and came forward.

'O, Edith, I didn't see you,' he said.  'Why are you sitting here in the

'I am looking at the fair,' replied the lady in a languid voice.

'Oh?  Horrid nuisance every year!  I wish it could be put a stop to'

'I like it.'

'H'm.  There's no accounting for taste.'

For a moment he gazed from the window with her, for politeness sake, and
then went out again.

In a few minutes she rang.

'Hasn't Anna come in?' asked Mrs. Harnham.

'No m'm.'

'She ought to be in by this time.  I meant her to go for ten minutes

'Shall I go and look for her, m'm?' said the house-maid alertly.

'No.  It is not necessary: she is a good girl and will come soon.'

However, when the servant had gone Mrs. Harnham arose, went up to her
room, cloaked and bonneted herself, and proceeded downstairs, where she
found her husband.

'I want to see the fair,' she said; 'and I am going to look for Anna.  I
have made myself responsible for her, and must see she comes to no harm.
She ought to be indoors.  Will you come with me?'

'Oh, she's all right.  I saw her on one of those whirligig things,
talking to her young man as I came in.  But I'll go if you wish, though
I'd rather go a hundred miles the other way.'

'Then please do so.  I shall come to no harm alone.'

She left the house and entered the crowd which thronged the market-place,
where she soon discovered Anna, seated on the revolving horse.  As soon
as it stopped Mrs. Harnham advanced and said severely, 'Anna, how can you
be such a wild girl?  You were only to be out for ten minutes.'

Anna looked blank, and the young man, who had dropped into the
background, came to her assistance.

'Please don't blame her,' he said politely.  'It is my fault that she has
stayed.  She looked so graceful on the horse that I induced her to go
round again.  I assure you that she has been quite safe.'

'In that case I'll leave her in your hands,' said Mrs. Harnham, turning
to retrace her steps.

But this for the moment it was not so easy to do.  Something had
attracted the crowd to a spot in their rear, and the wine-merchant's
wife, caught by its sway, found herself pressed against Anna's
acquaintance without power to move away.  Their faces were within a few
inches of each other, his breath fanned her cheek as well as Anna's.  They
could do no other than smile at the accident; but neither spoke, and each
waited passively.  Mrs. Harnham then felt a man's hand clasping her
fingers, and from the look of consciousness on the young fellow's face
she knew the hand to be his: she also knew that from the position of the
girl he had no other thought than that the imprisoned hand was Anna's.
What prompted her to refrain from undeceiving him she could hardly tell.
Not content with holding the hand, he playfully slipped two of his
fingers inside her glove, against her palm.  Thus matters continued till
the pressure lessened; but several minutes passed before the crowd
thinned sufficiently to allow Mrs. Harnham to withdraw.

'How did they get to know each other, I wonder?' she mused as she
retreated.  'Anna is really very forward--and he very wicked and nice.'

She was so gently stirred with the stranger's manner and voice, with the
tenderness of his idle touch, that instead of re-entering the house she
turned back again and observed the pair from a screened nook.  Really she
argued (being little less impulsive than Anna herself) it was very
excusable in Anna to encourage him, however she might have contrived to
make his acquaintance; he was so gentlemanly, so fascinating, had such
beautiful eyes.  The thought that he was several years her junior
produced a reasonless sigh.

At length the couple turned from the roundabout towards the door of Mrs.
Harnham's house, and the young man could be heard saying that he would
accompany her home.  Anna, then, had found a lover, apparently a very
devoted one.  Mrs. Harnham was quite interested in him.  When they drew
near the door of the wine-merchant's house, a comparatively deserted spot
by this time, they stood invisible for a little while in the shadow of a
wall, where they separated, Anna going on to the entrance, and her
acquaintance returning across the square.

'Anna,' said Mrs. Harnham, coming up.  'I've been looking at you!  That
young man kissed you at parting I am almost sure.'

'Well,' stammered Anna; 'he said, if I didn't mind--it would do me no
harm, and, and, him a great deal of good!'

'Ah, I thought so!  And he was a stranger till to-night?'

'Yes ma'am.'

'Yet I warrant you told him your name and every thing about yourself?'

'He asked me.'

'But he didn't tell you his?'

'Yes ma'am, he did!' cried Anna victoriously.  'It is Charles Bradford,
of London.'

'Well, if he's respectable, of course I've nothing to say against your
knowing him,' remarked her mistress, prepossessed, in spite of general
principles, in the young man's favour.  'But I must reconsider all that,
if he attempts to renew your acquaintance.  A country-bred girl like you,
who has never lived in Melchester till this month, who had hardly ever
seen a black-coated man till you came here, to be so sharp as to capture
a young Londoner like him!'

'I didn't capture him.  I didn't do anything,' said Anna, in confusion.

When she was indoors and alone Mrs. Harnham thought what a well-bred and
chivalrous young man Anna's companion had seemed.  There had been a magic
in his wooing touch of her hand; and she wondered how he had come to be
attracted by the girl.

The next morning the emotional Edith Harnham went to the usual week-day
service in Melchester cathedral.  In crossing the Close through the fog
she again perceived him who had interested her the previous evening,
gazing up thoughtfully at the high-piled architecture of the nave: and as
soon as she had taken her seat he entered and sat down in a stall
opposite hers.

He did not particularly heed her; but Mrs. Harnham was continually
occupying her eyes with him, and wondered more than ever what had
attracted him in her unfledged maid-servant.  The mistress was almost as
unaccustomed as the maiden herself to the end-of-the-age young man, or
she might have wondered less.  Raye, having looked about him awhile, left
abruptly, without regard to the service that was proceeding; and Mrs.
Harnham--lonely, impressionable creature that she was--took no further
interest in praising the Lord.  She wished she had married a London man
who knew the subtleties of love-making as they were evidently known to
him who had mistakenly caressed her hand.


The calendar at Melchester had been light, occupying the court only a few
hours; and the assizes at Casterbridge, the next county-town on the
Western Circuit, having no business for Raye, he had not gone thither.  At
the next town after that they did not open till the following Monday,
trials to begin on Tuesday morning.  In the natural order of things Raye
would have arrived at the latter place on Monday afternoon; but it was
not till the middle of Wednesday that his gown and grey wig, curled in
tiers, in the best fashion of Assyrian bas-reliefs, were seen blowing and
bobbing behind him as he hastily walked up the High Street from his
lodgings.  But though he entered the assize building there was nothing
for him to do, and sitting at the blue baize table in the well of the
court, he mended pens with a mind far away from the case in progress.
Thoughts of unpremeditated conduct, of which a week earlier he would not
have believed himself capable, threw him into a mood of dissatisfied

He had contrived to see again the pretty rural maiden Anna, the day after
the fair, had walked out of the city with her to the earthworks of Old
Melchester, and feeling a violent fancy for her, had remained in
Melchester all Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday; by persuasion obtaining walks
and meetings with the girl six or seven times during the interval; had in
brief won her, body and soul.

He supposed it must have been owing to the seclusion in which he had
lived of late in town that he had given way so unrestrainedly to a
passion for an artless creature whose inexperience had, from the first,
led her to place herself unreservedly in his hands.  Much he deplored
trifling with her feelings for the sake of a passing desire; and he could
only hope that she might not live to suffer on his account.

She had begged him to come to her again; entreated him; wept.  He had
promised that he would do so, and he meant to carry out that promise.  He
could not desert her now.  Awkward as such unintentional connections
were, the interspace of a hundred miles--which to a girl of her limited
capabilities was like a thousand--would effectually hinder this summer
fancy from greatly encumbering his life; while thought of her simple love
might do him the negative good of keeping him from idle pleasures in town
when he wished to work hard.  His circuit journeys would take him to
Melchester three or four times a year; and then he could always see her.

The pseudonym, or rather partial name, that he had given her as his
before knowing how far the acquaintance was going to carry him, had been
spoken on the spur of the moment, without any ulterior intention
whatever.  He had not afterwards disturbed Anna's error, but on leaving
her he had felt bound to give her an address at a stationer's not far
from his chambers, at which she might write to him under the initials 'C.

In due time Raye returned to his London abode, having called at
Melchester on his way and spent a few additional hours with his
fascinating child of nature.  In town he lived monotonously every day.
Often he and his rooms were enclosed by a tawny fog from all the world
besides, and when he lighted the gas to read or write by, his situation
seemed so unnatural that he would look into the fire and think of that
trusting girl at Melchester again and again.  Often, oppressed by absurd
fondness for her, he would enter the dim religious nave of the Law Courts
by the north door, elbow other juniors habited like himself, and like him
unretained; edge himself into this or that crowded court where a
sensational case was going on, just as if he were in it, though the
police officers at the door knew as well as he knew himself that he had
no more concern with the business in hand than the patient idlers at the
gallery-door outside, who had waited to enter since eight in the morning
because, like him, they belonged to the classes that live on expectation.
But he would do these things to no purpose, and think how greatly the
characters in such scenes contrasted with the pink and breezy Anna.

An unexpected feature in that peasant maiden's conduct was that she had
not as yet written to him, though he had told her she might do so if she
wished.  Surely a young creature had never before been so reticent in
such circumstances.  At length he sent her a brief line, positively
requesting her to write.  There was no answer by the return post, but the
day after a letter in a neat feminine hand, and bearing the Melchester
post-mark, was handed to him by the stationer.

The fact alone of its arrival was sufficient to satisfy his imaginative
sentiment.  He was not anxious to open the epistle, and in truth did not
begin to read it for nearly half-an-hour, anticipating readily its terms
of passionate retrospect and tender adjuration.  When at last he turned
his feet to the fireplace and unfolded the sheet, he was surprised and
pleased to find that neither extravagance nor vulgarity was there.  It
was the most charming little missive he had ever received from woman.  To
be sure the language was simple and the ideas were slight; but it was so
self-possessed; so purely that of a young girl who felt her womanhood to
be enough for her dignity that he read it through twice.  Four sides were
filled, and a few lines written across, after the fashion of former days;
the paper, too, was common, and not of the latest shade and surface.  But
what of those things?  He had received letters from women who were fairly
called ladies, but never so sensible, so human a letter as this.  He
could not single out any one sentence and say it was at all remarkable or
clever; the _ensemble_ of the letter it was which won him; and beyond the
one request that he would write or come to her again soon there was
nothing to show her sense of a claim upon him.

To write again and develop a correspondence was the last thing Raye would
have preconceived as his conduct in such a situation; yet he did send a
short, encouraging line or two, signed with his pseudonym, in which he
asked for another letter, and cheeringly promised that he would try to
see her again on some near day, and would never forget how much they had
been to each other during their short acquaintance.


To return now to the moment at which Anna, at Melchester, had received
Raye's letter.

It had been put into her own hand by the postman on his morning rounds.
She flushed down to her neck on receipt of it, and turned it over and
over.  'It is mine?' she said.

'Why, yes, can't you see it is?' said the postman, smiling as he guessed
the nature of the document and the cause of the confusion.

'O yes, of course!' replied Anna, looking at the letter, forcedly
tittering, and blushing still more.

Her look of embarrassment did not leave her with the postman's departure.
She opened the envelope, kissed its contents, put away the letter in her
pocket, and remained musing till her eyes filled with tears.

A few minutes later she carried up a cup of tea to Mrs. Harnham in her
bed-chamber.  Anna's mistress looked at her, and said: 'How dismal you
seem this morning, Anna.  What's the matter?'

'I'm not dismal, I'm glad; only I--'  She stopped to stifle a sob.


'I've got a letter--and what good is it to me, if I can't read a word in

'Why, I'll read it, child, if necessary.'

'But this is from somebody--I don't want anybody to read it but myself!'
Anna murmured.

'I shall not tell anybody.  Is it from that young man?'

'I think so.' Anna slowly produced the letter, saying: 'Then will you
read it to me, ma'am?'

This was the secret of Anna's embarrassment and flutterings.  She could
neither read nor write.  She had grown up under the care of an aunt by
marriage, at one of the lonely hamlets on the Great Mid-Wessex Plain
where, even in days of national education, there had been no school
within a distance of two miles.  Her aunt was an ignorant woman; there
had been nobody to investigate Anna's circumstances, nobody to care about
her learning the rudiments; though, as often in such cases, she had been
well fed and clothed and not unkindly treated.  Since she had come to
live at Melchester with Mrs. Harnham, the latter, who took a kindly
interest in the girl, had taught her to speak correctly, in which
accomplishment Anna showed considerable readiness, as is not unusual with
the illiterate; and soon became quite fluent in the use of her mistress's
phraseology.  Mrs. Harnham also insisted upon her getting a spelling and
copy book, and beginning to practise in these.  Anna was slower in this
branch of her education, and meanwhile here was the letter.

Edith Harnham's large dark eyes expressed some interest in the contents,
though, in her character of mere interpreter, she threw into her tone as
much as she could of mechanical passiveness.  She read the short epistle
on to its concluding sentence, which idly requested Anna to send him a
tender answer.

'Now--you'll do it for me, won't you, dear mistress?' said Anna eagerly.
'And you'll do it as well as ever you can, please?  Because I couldn't
bear him to think I am not able to do it myself.  I should sink into the
earth with shame if he knew that!'

From some words in the letter Mrs. Harnham was led to ask questions, and
the answers she received confirmed her suspicions.  Deep concern filled
Edith's heart at perceiving how the girl had committed her happiness to
the issue of this new-sprung attachment.  She blamed herself for not
interfering in a flirtation which had resulted so seriously for the poor
little creature in her charge; though at the time of seeing the pair
together she had a feeling that it was hardly within her province to nip
young affection in the bud.  However, what was done could not be undone,
and it behoved her now, as Anna's only protector, to help her as much as
she could.  To Anna's eager request that she, Mrs. Harnham, should
compose and write the answer to this young London man's letter, she felt
bound to accede, to keep alive his attachment to the girl if possible;
though in other circumstances she might have suggested the cook as an

A tender reply was thereupon concocted, and set down in Edith Harnham's
hand.  This letter it had been which Raye had received and delighted in.
Written in the presence of Anna it certainly was, and on Anna's humble
note-paper, and in a measure indited by the young girl; but the life, the
spirit, the individuality, were Edith Harnham's.

'Won't you at least put your name yourself?' she said.  'You can manage
to write that by this time?'

'No, no,' said Anna, shrinking back.  'I should do it so bad.  He'd be
ashamed of me, and never see me again!'

The note, so prettily requesting another from him, had, as we have seen,
power enough in its pages to bring one.  He declared it to be such a
pleasure to hear from her that she must write every week.  The same
process of manufacture was accordingly repeated by Anna and her mistress,
and continued for several weeks in succession; each letter being penned
and suggested by Edith, the girl standing by; the answer read and
commented on by Edith, Anna standing by and listening again.

Late on a winter evening, after the dispatch of the sixth letter, Mrs.
Harnham was sitting alone by the remains of her fire.  Her husband had
retired to bed, and she had fallen into that fixity of musing which takes
no count of hour or temperature.  The state of mind had been brought
about in Edith by a strange thing which she had done that day.  For the
first time since Raye's visit Anna had gone to stay over a night or two
with her cottage friends on the Plain, and in her absence had arrived,
out of its time, a letter from Raye.  To this Edith had replied on her
own responsibility, from the depths of her own heart, without waiting for
her maid's collaboration.  The luxury of writing to him what would be
known to no consciousness but his was great, and she had indulged herself

Why was it a luxury?

Edith Harnham led a lonely life.  Influenced by the belief of the British
parent that a bad marriage with its aversions is better than free
womanhood with its interests, dignity, and leisure, she had consented to
marry the elderly wine-merchant as a _pis aller_, at the age of seven-and-
twenty--some three years before this date--to find afterwards that she
had made a mistake.  That contract had left her still a woman whose
deeper nature had never been stirred.

She was now clearly realizing that she had become possessed to the bottom
of her soul with the image of a man to whom she was hardly so much as a
name.  From the first he had attracted her by his looks and voice; by his
tender touch; and, with these as generators, the writing of letter after
letter and the reading of their soft answers had insensibly developed on
her side an emotion which fanned his; till there had resulted a magnetic
reciprocity between the correspondents, notwithstanding that one of them
wrote in a character not her own.  That he had been able to seduce
another woman in two days was his crowning though unrecognized
fascination for her as the she-animal.

They were her own impassioned and pent-up ideas--lowered to monosyllabic
phraseology in order to keep up the disguise--that Edith put into letters
signed with another name, much to the shallow Anna's delight, who,
unassisted, could not for the world have conceived such pretty fancies
for winning him, even had she been able to write them.  Edith found that
it was these, her own foisted-in sentiments, to which the young barrister
mainly responded.  The few sentences occasionally added from Anna's own
lips made apparently no impression upon him.

The letter-writing in her absence Anna never discovered; but on her
return the next morning she declared she wished to see her lover about
something at once, and begged Mrs. Harnham to ask him to come.

There was a strange anxiety in her manner which did not escape Mrs.
Harnham, and ultimately resolved itself into a flood of tears.  Sinking
down at Edith's knees, she made confession that the result of her
relations with her lover it would soon become necessary to disclose.

Edith Harnham was generous enough to be very far from inclined to cast
Anna adrift at this conjuncture.  No true woman ever is so inclined from
her own personal point of view, however prompt she may be in taking such
steps to safeguard those dear to her.  Although she had written to Raye
so short a time previously, she instantly penned another Anna-note
hinting clearly though delicately the state of affairs.

Raye replied by a hasty line to say how much he was affected by her news:
he felt that he must run down to see her almost immediately.

But a week later the girl came to her mistress's room with another note,
which on being read informed her that after all he could not find time
for the journey.  Anna was broken with grief; but by Mrs. Harnham's
counsel strictly refrained from hurling at him the reproaches and
bitterness customary from young women so situated.  One thing was
imperative: to keep the young man's romantic interest in her alive.
Rather therefore did Edith, in the name of her _protegee_, request him on
no account to be distressed about the looming event, and not to
inconvenience himself to hasten down.  She desired above everything to be
no weight upon him in his career, no clog upon his high activities.  She
had wished him to know what had befallen: he was to dismiss it again from
his mind.  Only he must write tenderly as ever, and when he should come
again on the spring circuit it would be soon enough to discuss what had
better be done.

It may well be supposed that Anna's own feelings had not been quite in
accord with these generous expressions; but the mistress's judgment had
ruled, and Anna had acquiesced.  'All I want is that _niceness_ you can
so well put into your letters, my dear, dear mistress, and that I can't
for the life o' me make up out of my own head; though I mean the same
thing and feel it exactly when you've written it down!'

When the letter had been sent off, and Edith Harnham was left alone, she
bowed herself on the back of her chair and wept.

'I wish it was mine--I wish it was!' she murmured.  'Yet how can I say
such a wicked thing!'


The letter moved Raye considerably when it reached him.  The intelligence
itself had affected him less than her unexpected manner of treating him
in relation to it.  The absence of any word of reproach, the devotion to
his interests, the self-sacrifice apparent in every line, all made up a
nobility of character that he had never dreamt of finding in womankind.

'God forgive me!' he said tremulously.  'I have been a wicked wretch.  I
did not know she was such a treasure as this!'

He reassured her instantly; declaring that he would not of course desert
her, that he would provide a home for her somewhere.  Meanwhile she was
to stay where she was as long as her mistress would allow her.

But a misfortune supervened in this direction.  Whether an inkling of
Anna's circumstances reached the knowledge of Mrs. Harnham's husband or
not cannot be said, but the girl was compelled, in spite of Edith's
entreaties, to leave the house.  By her own choice she decided to go back
for a while to the cottage on the Plain.  This arrangement led to a
consultation as to how the correspondence should be carried on; and in
the girl's inability to continue personally what had been begun in her
name, and in the difficulty of their acting in concert as heretofore, she
requested Mrs. Harnham--the only well-to-do friend she had in the
world--to receive the letters and reply to them off-hand, sending them on
afterwards to herself on the Plain, where she might at least get some
neighbour to read them to her, if a trustworthy one could be met with.
Anna and her box then departed for the Plain.

Thus it befel that Edith Harnham found herself in the strange position of
having to correspond, under no supervision by the real woman, with a man
not her husband, in terms which were virtually those of a wife,
concerning a condition that was not Edith's at all; the man being one for
whom, mainly through the sympathies involved in playing this part, she
secretly cherished a predilection, subtle and imaginative truly, but
strong and absorbing.  She opened each letter, read it as if intended for
herself, and replied from the promptings of her own heart and no other.

Throughout this correspondence, carried on in the girl's absence, the
high-strung Edith Harnham lived in the ecstasy of fancy; the vicarious
intimacy engendered such a flow of passionateness as was never exceeded.
For conscience' sake Edith at first sent on each of his letters to Anna,
and even rough copies of her replies; but later on these so-called copies
were much abridged, and many letters on both sides were not sent on at

Though selfish, and, superficially at least, infested with the
self-indulgent vices of artificial society, there was a substratum of
honesty and fairness in Raye's character.  He had really a tender regard
for the country girl, and it grew more tender than ever when he found her
apparently capable of expressing the deepest sensibilities in the
simplest words.  He meditated, he wavered; and finally resolved to
consult his sister, a maiden lady much older than himself, of lively
sympathies and good intent.  In making this confidence he showed her some
of the letters.

'She seems fairly educated,' Miss Raye observed.  'And bright in ideas.
She expresses herself with a taste that must be innate.'

'Yes.  She writes very prettily, doesn't she, thanks to these elementary

'One is drawn out towards her, in spite of one's self, poor thing.'

The upshot of the discussion was that though he had not been directly
advised to do it, Raye wrote, in his real name, what he would never have
decided to write on his own responsibility; namely that he could not live
without her, and would come down in the spring and shelve her looming
difficulty by marrying her.

This bold acceptance of the situation was made known to Anna by Mrs.
Harnham driving out immediately to the cottage on the Plain.  Anna jumped
for joy like a little child.  And poor, crude directions for answering
appropriately were given to Edith Harnham, who on her return to the city
carried them out with warm intensification.

'O!' she groaned, as she threw down the pen.  'Anna--poor good little
fool--hasn't intelligence enough to appreciate him!  How should she?
While I--don't bear his child!'

It was now February.  The correspondence had continued altogether for
four months; and the next letter from Raye contained incidentally a
statement of his position and prospects.  He said that in offering to wed
her he had, at first, contemplated the step of retiring from a profession
which hitherto had brought him very slight emolument, and which, to speak
plainly, he had thought might be difficult of practice after his union
with her.  But the unexpected mines of brightness and warmth that her
letters had disclosed to be lurking in her sweet nature had led him to
abandon that somewhat sad prospect.  He felt sure that, with her powers
of development, after a little private training in the social forms of
London under his supervision, and a little help from a governess if
necessary, she would make as good a professional man's wife as could be
desired, even if he should rise to the woolsack.  Many a Lord
Chancellor's wife had been less intuitively a lady than she had shown
herself to be in her lines to him.

'O--poor fellow, poor fellow!' mourned Edith Harnham.

Her distress now raged as high as her infatuation.  It was she who had
wrought him to this pitch--to a marriage which meant his ruin; yet she
could not, in mercy to her maid, do anything to hinder his plan.  Anna
was coming to Melchester that week, but she could hardly show the girl
this last reply from the young man; it told too much of the second
individuality that had usurped the place of the first.

Anna came, and her mistress took her into her own room for privacy.  Anna
began by saying with some anxiety that she was glad the wedding was so

'O Anna!' replied Mrs. Harnham.  'I think we must tell him all--that I
have been doing your writing for you?--lest he should not know it till
after you become his wife, and it might lead to dissension and

'O mis'ess, dear mis'ess--please don't tell him now!' cried Anna in
distress.  'If you were to do it, perhaps he would not marry me; and what
should I do then?  It would be terrible what would come to me!  And I am
getting on with my writing, too.  I have brought with me the copybook you
were so good as to give me, and I practise every day, and though it is
so, so hard, I shall do it well at last, I believe, if I keep on trying.'

Edith looked at the copybook.  The copies had been set by herself, and
such progress as the girl had made was in the way of grotesque facsimile
of her mistress's hand.  But even if Edith's flowing caligraphy were
reproduced the inspiration would be another thing.

'You do it so beautifully,' continued Anna, 'and say all that I want to
say so much better than I could say it, that I do hope you won't leave me
in the lurch just now!'

'Very well,' replied the other.  'But I--but I thought I ought not to go


Her strong desire to confide her sentiments led Edith to answer truly:

'Because of its effect upon me.'

'But it _can't_ have any!'

'Why, child?'

'Because you are married already!' said Anna with lucid simplicity.

'Of course it can't,' said her mistress hastily; yet glad, despite her
conscience, that two or three outpourings still remained to her.  'But
you must concentrate your attention on writing your name as I write it


Soon Raye wrote about the wedding.  Having decided to make the best of
what he feared was a piece of romantic folly, he had acquired more zest
for the grand experiment.  He wished the ceremony to be in London, for
greater privacy.  Edith Harnham would have preferred it at Melchester;
Anna was passive.  His reasoning prevailed, and Mrs. Harnham threw
herself with mournful zeal into the preparations for Anna's departure.  In
a last desperate feeling that she must at every hazard be in at the death
of her dream, and see once again the man who by a species of telepathy
had exercised such an influence on her, she offered to go up with Anna
and be with her through the ceremony--'to see the end of her,' as her
mistress put it with forced gaiety; an offer which the girl gratefully
accepted; for she had no other friend capable of playing the part of
companion and witness, in the presence of a gentlemanly bridegroom, in
such a way as not to hasten an opinion that he had made an irremediable
social blunder.

It was a muddy morning in March when Raye alighted from a four-wheel cab
at the door of a registry-office in the S.W. district of London, and
carefully handed down Anna and her companion Mrs. Harnham.  Anna looked
attractive in the somewhat fashionable clothes which Mrs. Harnham had
helped her to buy, though not quite so attractive as, an innocent child,
she had appeared in her country gown on the back of the wooden horse at
Melchester Fair.

Mrs. Harnham had come up this morning by an early train, and a young
man--a friend of Raye's--having met them at the door, all four entered
the registry-office together.  Till an hour before this time Raye had
never known the wine-merchant's wife, except at that first casual
encounter, and in the flutter of the performance before them he had
little opportunity for more than a brief acquaintance.  The contract of
marriage at a registry is soon got through; but somehow, during its
progress, Raye discovered a strange and secret gravitation between
himself and Anna's friend.

The formalities of the wedding--or rather ratification of a previous
union--being concluded, the four went in one cab to Raye's lodgings,
newly taken in a new suburb in preference to a house, the rent of which
he could ill afford just then.  Here Anna cut the little cake which Raye
had bought at a pastrycook's on his way home from Lincoln's Inn the night
before.  But she did not do much besides.  Raye's friend was obliged to
depart almost immediately, and when he had left the only ones virtually
present were Edith and Raye who exchanged ideas with much animation.  The
conversation was indeed theirs only, Anna being as a domestic animal who
humbly heard but understood not.  Raye seemed startled in awakening to
this fact, and began to feel dissatisfied with her inadequacy.

At last, more disappointed than he cared to own, he said, 'Mrs. Harnham,
my darling is so flurried that she doesn't know what she is doing or
saying.  I see that after this event a little quietude will be necessary
before she gives tongue to that tender philosophy which she used to treat
me to in her letters.'

They had planned to start early that afternoon for Knollsea, to spend the
few opening days of their married life there, and as the hour for
departure was drawing near Raye asked his wife if she would go to the
writing-desk in the next room and scribble a little note to his sister,
who had been unable to attend through indisposition, informing her that
the ceremony was over, thanking her for her little present, and hoping to
know her well now that she was the writer's sister as well as Charles's.

'Say it in the pretty poetical way you know so well how to adopt,' he
added, 'for I want you particularly to win her, and both of you to be
dear friends.'

Anna looked uneasy, but departed to her task, Raye remaining to talk to
their guest.  Anna was a long while absent, and her husband suddenly rose
and went to her.

He found her still bending over the writing-table, with tears brimming up
in her eyes; and he looked down upon the sheet of note-paper with some
interest, to discover with what tact she had expressed her good-will in
the delicate circumstances.  To his surprise she had progressed but a few
lines, in the characters and spelling of a child of eight, and with the
ideas of a goose.

'Anna,' he said, staring; 'what's this?'

'It only means--that I can't do it any better!' she answered, through her

'Eh?  Nonsense!'

'I can't!' she insisted, with miserable, sobbing hardihood.  'I--I--didn't
write those letters, Charles!  I only told _her_ what to write!  And not
always that!  But I am learning, O so fast, my dear, dear husband!  And
you'll forgive me, won't you, for not telling you before?'  She slid to
her knees, abjectly clasped his waist and laid her face against him.

He stood a few moments, raised her, abruptly turned, and shut the door
upon her, rejoining Edith in the drawing-room.  She saw that something
untoward had been discovered, and their eyes remained fixed on each

'Do I guess rightly?' he asked, with wan quietude.  '_You_ were her
scribe through all this?'

'It was necessary,' said Edith.

'Did she dictate every word you ever wrote to me?'

'Not every word.'

'In fact, very little?'

'Very little.'

'You wrote a great part of those pages every week from your own
conceptions, though in her name!'


'Perhaps you wrote many of the letters when you were alone, without
communication with her?'

'I did.'

He turned to the bookcase, and leant with his hand over his face; and
Edith, seeing his distress, became white as a sheet.

'You have deceived me--ruined me!' he murmured.

'O, don't say it!' she cried in her anguish, jumping up and putting her
hand on his shoulder.  'I can't bear that!'

'Delighting me deceptively!  Why did you do it--_why_ did you!'

'I began doing it in kindness to her!  How could I do otherwise than try
to save such a simple girl from misery?  But I admit that I continued it
for pleasure to myself.'

Raye looked up.  'Why did it give you pleasure?' he asked.

'I must not tell,' said she.

He continued to regard her, and saw that her lips suddenly began to
quiver under his scrutiny, and her eyes to fill and droop.  She started
aside, and said that she must go to the station to catch the return
train: could a cab be called immediately?

But Raye went up to her, and took her unresisting hand.  'Well, to think
of such a thing as this!' he said.  'Why, you and I are
friends--lovers--devoted lovers--by correspondence!'

'Yes; I suppose.'



'Plainly more.  It is no use blinking that.  Legally I have married
her--God help us both!--in soul and spirit I have married you, and no
other woman in the world!'


'But I will not hush!  Why should you try to disguise the full truth,
when you have already owned half of it?  Yes, it is between you and me
that the bond is--not between me and her!  Now I'll say no more.  But, O
my cruel one, I think I have one claim upon you!'

She did not say what, and he drew her towards him, and bent over her.  'If
it was all pure invention in those letters,' he said emphatically, 'give
me your cheek only.  If you meant what you said, let it be lips.  It is
for the first and last time, remember!'

She put up her mouth, and he kissed her long.  'You forgive me?' she said


'But you are ruined!'

'What matter!' he said shrugging his shoulders.  'It serves me right!'

She withdrew, wiped her eyes, entered and bade good-bye to Anna, who had
not expected her to go so soon, and was still wrestling with the letter.
Raye followed Edith downstairs, and in three minutes she was in a hansom
driving to the Waterloo station.

He went back to his wife.  'Never mind the letter, Anna, to-day,' he said
gently.  'Put on your things.  We, too, must be off shortly.'

The simple girl, upheld by the sense that she was indeed married, showed
her delight at finding that he was as kind as ever after the disclosure.
She did not know that before his eyes he beheld as it were a galley, in
which he, the fastidious urban, was chained to work for the remainder of
his life, with her, the unlettered peasant, chained to his side.

Edith travelled back to Melchester that day with a face that showed the
very stupor of grief; her lips still tingling from the desperate pressure
of his kiss.  The end of her impassioned dream had come.  When at dusk
she reached the Melchester station her husband was there to meet her, but
in his perfunctoriness and her preoccupation they did not see each other,
and she went out of the station alone.

She walked mechanically homewards without calling a fly.  Entering, she
could not bear the silence of the house, and went up in the dark to where
Anna had slept, where she remained thinking awhile.  She then returned to
the drawing-room, and not knowing what she did, crouched down upon the

'I have ruined him!' she kept repeating.  'I have ruined him; because I
would not deal treacherously towards her!'

In the course of half an hour a figure opened the door of the apartment.

'Ah--who's that?' she said, starting up, for it was dark.

'Your husband--who should it be?' said the worthy merchant.

'Ah--my husband!--I forgot I had a husband!' she whispered to herself.

'I missed you at the station,' he continued.  'Did you see Anna safely
tied up?  I hope so, for 'twas time.'

'Yes--Anna is married.'

Simultaneously with Edith's journey home Anna and her husband were
sitting at the opposite windows of a second-class carriage which sped
along to Knollsea.  In his hand was a pocket-book full of creased sheets
closely written over.  Unfolding them one after another he read them in
silence, and sighed.

'What are you doing, dear Charles?' she said timidly from the other
window, and drew nearer to him as if he were a god.

'Reading over all those sweet letters to me signed "Anna,"' he replied
with dreary resignation.

_Autumn_ 1891.



The interior of St. James's Church, in Havenpool Town, was slowly
darkening under the close clouds of a winter afternoon.  It was Sunday:
service had just ended, the face of the parson in the pulpit was buried
in his hands, and the congregation, with a cheerful sigh of release, were
rising from their knees to depart.

For the moment the stillness was so complete that the surging of the sea
could be heard outside the harbour-bar.  Then it was broken by the
footsteps of the clerk going towards the west door to open it in the
usual manner for the exit of the assembly.  Before, however, he had
reached the doorway, the latch was lifted from without, and the dark
figure of a man in a sailor's garb appeared against the light.

The clerk stepped aside, the sailor closed the door gently behind him,
and advanced up the nave till he stood at the chancel-step.  The parson
looked up from the private little prayer which, after so many for the
parish, he quite fairly took for himself; rose to his feet, and stared at
the intruder.

'I beg your pardon, sir,' said the sailor, addressing the minister in a
voice distinctly audible to all the congregation.  'I have come here to
offer thanks for my narrow escape from shipwreck.  I am given to
understand that it is a proper thing to do, if you have no objection?'

The parson, after a moment's pause, said hesitatingly, 'I have no
objection; certainly.  It is usual to mention any such wish before
service, so that the proper words may be used in the General
Thanksgiving.  But, if you wish, we can read from the form for use after
a storm at sea.'

'Ay, sure; I ain't particular,' said the sailor.

The clerk thereupon directed the sailor to the page in the prayer-book
where the collect of thanksgiving would be found, and the rector began
reading it, the sailor kneeling where he stood, and repeating it after
him word by word in a distinct voice.  The people, who had remained agape
and motionless at the proceeding, mechanically knelt down likewise; but
they continued to regard the isolated form of the sailor who, in the
precise middle of the chancel-step, remained fixed on his knees, facing
the east, his hat beside him, his hands joined, and he quite unconscious
of his appearance in their regard.

When his thanksgiving had come to an end he rose; the people rose also,
and all went out of church together.  As soon as the sailor emerged, so
that the remaining daylight fell upon his face, old inhabitants began to
recognize him as no other than Shadrach Jolliffe, a young man who had not
been seen at Havenpool for several years.  A son of the town, his parents
had died when he was quite young, on which account he had early gone to
sea, in the Newfoundland trade.

He talked with this and that townsman as he walked, informing them that,
since leaving his native place years before, he had become captain and
owner of a small coasting-ketch, which had providentially been saved from
the gale as well as himself.  Presently he drew near to two girls who
were going out of the churchyard in front of him; they had been sitting
in the nave at his entry, and had watched his doings with deep interest,
afterwards discussing him as they moved out of church together.  One was
a slight and gentle creature, the other a tall, large-framed,
deliberative girl.  Captain Jolliffe regarded the loose curls of their
hair, their backs and shoulders, down to their heels, for some time.

'Who may them two maids be?' he whispered to his neighbour.

'The little one is Emily Hanning; the tall one Joanna Phippard.'

'Ah!  I recollect 'em now, to be sure.'

He advanced to their elbow, and genially stole a gaze at them.

'Emily, you don't know me?' said the sailor, turning his beaming brown
eyes on her.

'I think I do, Mr. Jolliffe,' said Emily shyly.

The other girl looked straight at him with her dark eyes.

'The face of Miss Joanna I don't call to mind so well,' he continued.
'But I know her beginnings and kindred.'

They walked and talked together, Jolliffe narrating particulars of his
late narrow escape, till they reached the corner of Sloop Lane, in which
Emily Hanning dwelt, when, with a nod and smile, she left them.  Soon the
sailor parted also from Joanna, and, having no especial errand or
appointment, turned back towards Emily's house.  She lived with her
father, who called himself an accountant, the daughter, however, keeping
a little stationery-shop as a supplemental provision for the gaps of his
somewhat uncertain business.  On entering Jolliffe found father and
daughter about to begin tea.

'O, I didn't know it was tea-time,' he said.  'Ay, I'll have a cup with
much pleasure.'

He remained to tea and long afterwards, telling more tales of his
seafaring life.  Several neighbours called to listen, and were asked to
come in.  Somehow Emily Hanning lost her heart to the sailor that Sunday
night, and in the course of a week or two there was a tender
understanding between them.

One moonlight evening in the next month Shadrach was ascending out of the
town by the long straight road eastward, to an elevated suburb where the
more fashionable houses stood--if anything near this ancient port could
be called fashionable--when he saw a figure before him whom, from her
manner of glancing back, he took to be Emily.  But, on coming up, he
found she was Joanna Phippard.  He gave a gallant greeting, and walked
beside her.

'Go along,' she said, 'or Emily will be jealous!'

He seemed not to like the suggestion, and remained.  What was said and
what was done on that walk never could be clearly recollected by
Shadrach; but in some way or other Joanna contrived to wean him away from
her gentler and younger rival.  From that week onwards, Jolliffe was seen
more and more in the wake of Joanna Phippard and less in the company of
Emily; and it was soon rumoured about the quay that old Jolliffe's son,
who had come home from sea, was going to be married to the former young
woman, to the great disappointment of the latter.

Just after this report had gone about, Joanna dressed herself for a walk
one morning, and started for Emily's house in the little cross-street.
Intelligence of the deep sorrow of her friend on account of the loss of
Shadrach had reached her ears also, and her conscience reproached her for
winning him away.

Joanna was not altogether satisfied with the sailor.  She liked his
attentions, and she coveted the dignity of matrimony; but she had never
been deeply in love with Jolliffe.  For one thing, she was ambitious, and
socially his position was hardly so good as her own, and there was always
the chance of an attractive woman mating considerably above her.  It had
long been in her mind that she would not strongly object to give him back
again to Emily if her friend felt so very badly about him.  To this end
she had written a letter of renunciation to Shadrach, which letter she
carried in her hand, intending to send it if personal observation of
Emily convinced her that her friend was suffering.

Joanna entered Sloop Lane and stepped down into the stationery-shop,
which was below the pavement level.  Emily's father was never at home at
this hour of the day, and it seemed as though Emily were not at home
either, for the visitor could make nobody hear.  Customers came so seldom
hither that a five minutes' absence of the proprietor counted for little.
Joanna waited in the little shop, where Emily had tastefully set out--as
women can--articles in themselves of slight value, so as to obscure the
meagreness of the stock-in-trade; till she saw a figure pausing without
the window apparently absorbed in the contemplation of the sixpenny
books, packets of paper, and prints hung on a string.  It was Captain
Shadrach Jolliffe, peering in to ascertain if Emily were there alone.
Moved by an impulse of reluctance to meet him in a spot which breathed of
Emily, Joanna slipped through the door that communicated with the parlour
at the back.  She had frequently done so before, for in her friendship
with Emily she had the freedom of the house without ceremony.

Jolliffe entered the shop.  Through the thin blind which screened the
glass partition she could see that he was disappointed at not finding
Emily there.  He was about to go out again, when Emily's form darkened
the doorway, hastening home from some errand.  At sight of Jolliffe she
started back as if she would have gone out again.

'Don't run away, Emily; don't!' said he.  'What can make ye afraid?'

'I'm not afraid, Captain Jolliffe.  Only--only I saw you all of a sudden,
and--it made me jump!'  Her voice showed that her heart had jumped even
more than the rest of her.

'I just called as I was passing,' he said.

'For some paper?'  She hastened behind the counter.

'No, no, Emily; why do ye get behind there?  Why not stay by me?  You
seem to hate me.'

'I don't hate you.  How can I?'

'Then come out, so that we can talk like Christians.'

Emily obeyed with a fitful laugh, till she stood again beside him in the
open part of the shop.

'There's a dear,' he said.

'You mustn't say that, Captain Jolliffe; because the words belong to
somebody else.'

'Ah!  I know what you mean.  But, Emily, upon my life I didn't know till
this morning that you cared one bit about me, or I should not have done
as I have done.  I have the best of feelings for Joanna, but I know that
from the beginning she hasn't cared for me more than in a friendly way;
and I see now the one I ought to have asked to be my wife.  You know,
Emily, when a man comes home from sea after a long voyage he's as blind
as a bat--he can't see who's who in women.  They are all alike to him,
beautiful creatures, and he takes the first that comes easy, without
thinking if she loves him, or if he might not soon love another better
than her.  From the first I inclined to you most, but you were so
backward and shy that I thought you didn't want me to bother 'ee, and so
I went to Joanna.'

'Don't say any more, Mr. Jolliffe, don't!' said she, choking.  'You are
going to marry Joanna next month, and it is wrong to--to--'

'O, Emily, my darling!' he cried, and clasped her little figure in his
arms before she was aware.

Joanna, behind the curtain, turned pale, tried to withdraw her eyes, but
could not.

'It is only you I love as a man ought to love the woman he is going to
marry; and I know this from what Joanna has said, that she will willingly
let me off!  She wants to marry higher I know, and only said "Yes" to me
out of kindness.  A fine, tall girl like her isn't the sort for a plain
sailor's wife: you be the best suited for that.'

He kissed her and kissed her again, her flexible form quivering in the
agitation of his embrace.

'I wonder--are you sure--Joanna is going to break off with you?  O, are
you sure?  Because--'

'I know she would not wish to make us miserable.  She will release me.'

'O, I hope--I hope she will!  Don't stay any longer, Captain Jolliffe!'

He lingered, however, till a customer came for a penny stick of sealing-
wax, and then he withdrew.

Green envy had overspread Joanna at the scene.   She looked about for a
way of escape.  To get out without Emily's knowledge of her visit was
indispensable.  She crept from the parlour into the passage, and thence
to the front door of the house, where she let herself noiselessly into
the street.

The sight of that caress had reversed all her resolutions.  She could not
let Shadrach go.  Reaching home she burnt the letter, and told her mother
that if Captain Jolliffe called she was too unwell to see him.

Shadrach, however, did not call.  He sent her a note expressing in simple
language the state of his feelings; and asked to be allowed to take
advantage of the hints she had given him that her affection, too, was
little more than friendly, by cancelling the engagement.

Looking out upon the harbour and the island beyond he waited and waited
in his lodgings for an answer that did not come.  The suspense grew to be
so intolerable that after dark he went up the High Street.  He could not
resist calling at Joanna's to learn his fate.

Her mother said her daughter was too unwell to see him, and to his
questioning admitted that it was in consequence of a letter received from
himself; which had distressed her deeply.

'You know what it was about, perhaps, Mrs. Phippard?' he said.

Mrs. Phippard owned that she did, adding that it put them in a very
painful position.  Thereupon Shadrach, fearing that he had been guilty of
an enormity, explained that if his letter had pained Joanna it must be
owing to a misunderstanding, since he had thought it would be a relief to
her.  If otherwise, he would hold himself bound by his word, and she was
to think of the letter as never having been written.

Next morning he received an oral message from the young woman, asking him
to fetch her home from a meeting that evening.  This he did, and while
walking from the Town Hall to her door, with her hand in his arm, she

'It is all the same as before between us, isn't it, Shadrach?  Your
letter was sent in mistake?'

'It is all the same as before,' he answered, 'if you say it must be.'

'I wish it to be,' she murmured, with hard lineaments, as she thought of

Shadrach was a religious and scrupulous man, who respected his word as
his life.  Shortly afterwards the wedding took place, Jolliffe having
conveyed to Emily as gently as possible the error he had fallen into when
estimating Joanna's mood as one of indifference.


A month after the marriage Joanna's mother died, and the couple were
obliged to turn their attention to very practical matters.  Now that she
was left without a parent, Joanna could not bear the notion of her
husband going to sea again, but the question was, What could he do at
home?  They finally decided to take on a grocer's shop in High Street,
the goodwill and stock of which were waiting to be disposed of at that
time.  Shadrach knew nothing of shopkeeping, and Joanna very little, but
they hoped to learn.

To the management of this grocery business they now devoted all their
energies, and continued to conduct it for many succeeding years, without
great success.  Two sons were born to them, whom their mother loved to
idolatry, although she had never passionately loved her husband; and she
lavished upon them all her forethought and care.  But the shop did not
thrive, and the large dreams she had entertained of her sons' education
and career became attenuated in the face of realities.  Their schooling
was of the plainest, but, being by the sea, they grew alert in all such
nautical arts and enterprises as were attractive to their age.

The great interest of the Jolliffes' married life, outside their own
immediate household, had lain in the marriage of Emily.  By one of those
odd chances which lead those that lurk in unexpected corners to be
discovered, while the obvious are passed by, the gentle girl had been
seen and loved by a thriving merchant of the town, a widower, some years
older than herself, though still in the prime of life.  At first Emily
had declared that she never, never could marry any one; but Mr. Lester
had quietly persevered, and had at last won her reluctant assent.  Two
children also were the fruits of this union, and, as they grew and
prospered, Emily declared that she had never supposed that she could live
to be so happy.

The worthy merchant's home, one of those large, substantial brick
mansions frequently jammed up in old-fashioned towns, faced directly on
the High Street, nearly opposite to the grocery shop of the Jolliffes,
and it now became the pain of Joanna to behold the woman whose place she
had usurped out of pure covetousness, looking down from her position of
comparative wealth upon the humble shop-window with its dusty
sugar-loaves, heaps of raisins, and canisters of tea, over which it was
her own lot to preside.  The business having so dwindled, Joanna was
obliged to serve in the shop herself; and it galled and mortified her
that Emily Lester, sitting in her large drawing-room over the way, could
witness her own dancings up and down behind the counter at the beck and
call of wretched twopenny customers, whose patronage she was driven to
welcome gladly: persons to whom she was compelled to be civil in the
street, while Emily was bounding along with her children and her
governess, and conversing with the genteelest people of the town and
neighbourhood.  This was what she had gained by not letting Shadrach
Jolliffe, whom she had so faintly loved, carry his affection elsewhere.

Shadrach was a good and honest man, and he had been faithful to her in
heart and in deed.  Time had clipped the wings of his love for Emily in
his devotion to the mother of his boys: he had quite lived down that
impulsive earlier fancy, and Emily had become in his regard nothing more
than a friend.  It was the same with Emily's feelings for him.  Possibly,
had she found the least cause for jealousy, Joanna would almost have been
better satisfied.  It was in the absolute acquiescence of Emily and
Shadrach in the results she herself had contrived that her discontent
found nourishment.

Shadrach was not endowed with the narrow shrewdness necessary for
developing a retail business in the face of many competitors.  Did a
customer inquire if the grocer could really recommend the wondrous
substitute for eggs which a persevering bagman had forced into his stock,
he would answer that 'when you did not put eggs into a pudding it was
difficult to taste them there'; and when he was asked if his 'real Mocha
coffee' was real Mocha, he would say grimly, 'as understood in small

One summer day, when the big brick house opposite was reflecting the
oppressive sun's heat into the shop, and nobody was present but husband
and wife, Joanna looked across at Emily's door, where a wealthy visitor's
carriage had drawn up.  Traces of patronage had been visible in Emily's
manner of late.

'Shadrach, the truth is, you are not a business-man,' his wife sadly
murmured.  'You were not brought up to shopkeeping, and it is impossible
for a man to make a fortune at an occupation he has jumped into, as you
did into this.'

Jolliffe agreed with her, in this as in everything else.

'Not that I care a rope's end about making a fortune,' he said
cheerfully.  'I am happy enough, and we can rub on somehow.'

She looked again at the great house through the screen of bottled

'Rub on--yes,' she said bitterly.  'But see how well off Emmy Lester is,
who used to be so poor!  Her boys will go to College, no doubt; and think
of yours--obliged to go to the Parish School!'

Shadrach's thoughts had flown to Emily.

'Nobody,' he said good-humouredly, 'ever did Emily a better turn than you
did, Joanna, when you warned her off me and put an end to that little
simpering nonsense between us, so as to leave it in her power to say
"Aye" to Lester when he came along.'  This almost maddened her.

'Don't speak of bygones!' she implored, in stern sadness.  'But think,
for the boys' and my sake, if not for your own, what are we to do to get

'Well,' he said, becoming serious, 'to tell the truth, I have always felt
myself unfit for this business, though I've never liked to say so.  I
seem to want more room for sprawling; a more open space to strike out in
than here among friends and neighbours.  I could get rich as well as any
man, if I tried my own way.'

'I wish you would!  What is your way?'

'To go to sea again.'

She had been the very one to keep him at home, hating the semi-widowed
existence of sailors' wives.  But her ambition checked her instincts now,
and she said: 'Do you think success really lies that way?'

'I am sure it lies in no other.'

'Do you want to go, Shadrach?'

'Not for the pleasure of it, I can tell 'ee.  There's no such pleasure at
sea, Joanna, as I can find in my back parlour here.  To speak honest, I
have no love for the brine.  I never had much.  But if it comes to a
question of a fortune for you and the lads, it is another thing.  That's
the only way to it for one born and bred a seafarer as I.'

'Would it take long to earn?'

'Well, that depends; perhaps not.'

The next morning Shadrach pulled from a chest of drawers the nautical
jacket he had worn during the first months of his return, brushed out the
moths, donned it, and walked down to the quay.  The port still did a fair
business in the Newfoundland trade, though not so much as formerly.

It was not long after this that he invested all he possessed in
purchasing a part-ownership in a brig, of which he was appointed captain.
A few months were passed in coast-trading, during which interval Shadrach
wore off the land-rust that had accumulated upon him in his grocery
phase; and in the spring the brig sailed for Newfoundland.

Joanna lived on at home with her sons, who were now growing up into
strong lads, and occupying themselves in various ways about the harbour
and quay.

'Never mind, let them work a little,' their fond mother said to herself.
'Our necessities compel it now, but when Shadrach comes home they will be
only seventeen and eighteen, and they shall be removed from the port, and
their education thoroughly taken in hand by a tutor; and with the money
they'll have they will perhaps be as near to gentlemen as Emmy Lester's
precious two, with their algebra and their Latin!'

The date for Shadrach's return drew near and arrived, and he did not
appear.  Joanna was assured that there was no cause for anxiety, sailing-
ships being so uncertain in their coming; which assurance proved to be
well grounded, for late one wet evening, about a month after the
calculated time, the ship was announced as at hand, and presently the
slip-slop step of Shadrach as the sailor sounded in the passage, and he
entered.  The boys had gone out and had missed him, and Joanna was
sitting alone.

As soon as the first emotion of reunion between the couple had passed,
Jolliffe explained the delay as owing to a small speculative contract,
which had produced good results.

'I was determined not to disappoint 'ee,' he said; 'and I think you'll
own that I haven't!'

With this he pulled out an enormous canvas bag, full and rotund as the
money-bag of the giant whom Jack slew, untied it, and shook the contents
out into her lap as she sat in her low chair by the fire.  A mass of
sovereigns and guineas (there were guineas on the earth in those days)
fell into her lap with a sudden thud, weighing down her gown to the

'There!' said Shadrach complacently.  'I told 'ee, dear, I'd do it; and
have I done it or no?'

Somehow her face, after the first excitement of possession, did not
retain its glory.

'It is a lot of gold, indeed,' she said.  'And--is this _all_?'

'All?  Why, dear Joanna, do you know you can count to three hundred in
that heap?  It is a fortune!'

'Yes--yes.  A fortune--judged by sea; but judged by land--'

However, she banished considerations of the money for the nonce.  Soon
the boys came in, and next Sunday Shadrach returned thanks to God--this
time by the more ordinary channel of the italics in the General
Thanksgiving.  But a few days after, when the question of investing the
money arose, he remarked that she did not seem so satisfied as he had

'Well you see, Shadrach,' she answered, '_we_ count by hundreds; _they_
count by thousands' (nodding towards the other side of the Street).  'They
have set up a carriage and pair since you left.'

'O, have they?'

'My dear Shadrach, you don't know how the world moves.  However, we'll do
the best we can with it.  But they are rich, and we are poor still!'

The greater part of a year was desultorily spent.  She moved sadly about
the house and shop, and the boys were still occupying themselves in and
around the harbour.

'Joanna,' he said, one day, 'I see by your movements that it is not

'It is not enough,' said she.  'My boys will have to live by steering the
ships that the Lesters own; and I was once above her!'

Jolliffe was not an argumentative man, and he only murmured that he
thought he would make another voyage.

He meditated for several days, and coming home from the quay one
afternoon said suddenly:

'I could do it for 'ee, dear, in one more trip, for certain, if--if--'

'Do what, Shadrach?'

'Enable 'ee to count by thousands instead of hundreds.'

'If what?'

'If I might take the boys.'

She turned pale.

'Don't say that, Shadrach,' she answered hastily.


'I don't like to hear it!  There's danger at sea.  I want them to be
something genteel, and no danger to them.  I couldn't let them risk their
lives at sea.  O, I couldn't ever, ever!'

'Very well, dear, it shan't be done.'

Next day, after a silence, she asked a question:

'If they were to go with you it would make a great deal of difference, I
suppose, to the profit?'

''Twould treble what I should get from the venture single-handed.  Under
my eye they would be as good as two more of myself.'

Later on she said: 'Tell me more about this.'

'Well, the boys are almost as clever as master-mariners in handling a
craft, upon my life!  There isn't a more cranky place in the Northern
Seas than about the sandbanks of this harbour, and they've practised here
from their infancy.  And they are so steady.  I couldn't get their
steadiness and their trustworthiness in half a dozen men twice their

'And is it _very_ dangerous at sea; now, too, there are rumours of war?'
she asked uneasily.

'O, well, there be risks.  Still . . . '

The idea grew and magnified, and the mother's heart was crushed and
stifled by it.  Emmy was growing _too_ patronizing; it could not be
borne.  Shadrach's wife could not help nagging him about their
comparative poverty.  The young men, amiable as their father, when spoken
to on the subject of a voyage of enterprise, were quite willing to
embark; and though they, like their father, had no great love for the
sea, they became quite enthusiastic when the proposal was detailed.

Everything now hung upon their mother's assent.  She withheld it long,
but at last gave the word: the young men might accompany their father.
Shadrach was unusually cheerful about it: Heaven had preserved him
hitherto, and he had uttered his thanks.  God would not forsake those who
were faithful to him.

All that the Jolliffes possessed in the world was put into the
enterprise.  The grocery stock was pared down to the least that possibly
could afford a bare sustenance to Joanna during the absence, which was to
last through the usual 'New-f'nland spell.'  How she would endure the
weary time she hardly knew, for the boys had been with her formerly; but
she nerved herself for the trial.

The ship was laden with boots and shoes, ready-made clothing, fishing-
tackle, butter, cheese, cordage, sailcloth, and many other commodities;
and was to bring back oil, furs, skins, fish, cranberries, and what else
came to hand.  But much trading to other ports was to be undertaken
between the voyages out and homeward, and thereby much money made.


The brig sailed on a Monday morning in spring; but Joanna did not witness
its departure.  She could not bear the sight that she had been the means
of bringing about.  Knowing this, her husband told her overnight that
they were to sail some time before noon next day hence when, awakening at
five the next morning, she heard them bustling about downstairs, she did
not hasten to descend, but lay trying to nerve herself for the parting,
imagining they would leave about nine, as her husband had done on his
previous voyage.  When she did descend she beheld words chalked upon the
sloping face of the bureau; but no husband or sons.  In the
hastily-scrawled lines Shadrach said they had gone off thus not to pain
her by a leave-taking; and the sons had chalked under his words: 'Good-
bye, mother!'

She rushed to the quay, and looked down the harbour towards the blue rim
of the sea, but she could only see the masts and bulging sails of the
_Joanna_; no human figures.  ''Tis I have sent them!' she said wildly,
and burst into tears.  In the house the chalked 'Good-bye' nearly broke
her heart.  But when she had re-entered the front room, and looked across
at Emily's, a gleam of triumph lit her thin face at her anticipated
release from the thraldom of subservience.

To do Emily Lester justice, her assumption of superiority was mainly a
figment of Joanna's brain.  That the circumstances of the merchant's wife
were more luxurious than Joanna's, the former could not conceal; though
whenever the two met, which was not very often now, Emily endeavoured to
subdue the difference by every means in her power.

The first summer lapsed away; and Joanna meagrely maintained herself by
the shop, which now consisted of little more than a window and a counter.
Emily was, in truth, her only large customer; and Mrs. Lester's kindly
readiness to buy anything and everything without questioning the quality
had a sting of bitterness in it, for it was the uncritical attitude of a
patron, and almost of a donor.  The long dreary winter moved on; the face
of the bureau had been turned to the wall to protect the chalked words of
farewell, for Joanna could never bring herself to rub them out; and she
often glanced at them with wet eyes.  Emily's handsome boys came home for
the Christmas holidays; the University was talked of for them; and still
Joanna subsisted as it were with held breath, like a person submerged.
Only one summer more, and the 'spell' would end.  Towards the close of
the time Emily called on her quondam friend.  She had heard that Joanna
began to feel anxious; she had received no letter from husband or sons
for some months.  Emily's silks rustled arrogantly when, in response to
Joanna's almost dumb invitation, she squeezed through the opening of the
counter and into the parlour behind the shop.

'_You_ are all success, and _I_ am all the other way!' said Joanna.

'But why do you think so?' said Emily.  'They are to bring back a
fortune, I hear.'

'Ah! will they come?  The doubt is more than a woman can bear.  All three
in one ship--think of that!  And I have not heard of them for months!'

'But the time is not up.  You should not meet misfortune half-way.'

'Nothing will repay me for the grief of their absence!'

'Then why did you let them go?  You were doing fairly well.'

'I made them go!' she said, turning vehemently upon Emily.  'And I'll
tell you why!  I could not bear that we should be only muddling on, and
you so rich and thriving!  Now I have told you, and you may hate me if
you will!'

'I shall never hate you, Joanna.'

And she proved the truth of her words afterwards.  The end of autumn
came, and the brig should have been in port; but nothing like the
_Joanna_ appeared in the channel between the sands.  It was now really
time to be uneasy.  Joanna Jolliffe sat by the fire, and every gust of
wind caused her a cold thrill.  She had always feared and detested the
sea; to her it was a treacherous, restless, slimy creature, glorying in
the griefs of women.  'Still,' she said, 'they _must_ come!'

She recalled to her mind that Shadrach had said before starting that if
they returned safe and sound, with success crowning their enterprise, he
would go as he had gone after his shipwreck, and kneel with his sons in
the church, and offer sincere thanks for their deliverance.  She went to
church regularly morning and afternoon, and sat in the most forward pew,
nearest the chancel-step.  Her eyes were mostly fixed on that step, where
Shadrach had knelt in the bloom of his young manhood: she knew to an inch
the spot which his knees had pressed twenty winters before; his outline
as he had knelt, his hat on the step beside him.  God was good.  Surely
her husband must kneel there again: a son on each side as he had said;
George just here, Jim just there.  By long watching the spot as she
worshipped it became as if she saw the three returned ones there
kneeling; the two slim outlines of her boys, the more bulky form between
them; their hands clasped, their heads shaped against the eastern wall.
The fancy grew almost to an hallucination: she could never turn her worn
eyes to the step without seeing them there.

Nevertheless they did not come.  Heaven was merciful, but it was not yet
pleased to relieve her soul.  This was her purgation for the sin of
making them the slaves of her ambition.  But it became more than
purgation soon, and her mood approached despair.  Months had passed since
the brig had been due, but it had not returned.

Joanna was always hearing or seeing evidences of their arrival.  When on
the hill behind the port, whence a view of the open Channel could be
obtained, she felt sure that a little speck on the horizon, breaking the
eternally level waste of waters southward, was the truck of the _Joana's_
mainmast.  Or when indoors, a shout or excitement of any kind at the
corner of the Town Cellar, where the High Street joined the Quay, caused
her to spring to her feet and cry: ''Tis they!'

But it was not.  The visionary forms knelt every Sunday afternoon on the
chancel-step, but not the real.  Her shop had, as it were, eaten itself
hollow.  In the apathy which had resulted from her loneliness and grief
she had ceased to take in the smallest supplies, and thus had sent away
her last customer.

In this strait Emily Lester tried by every means in her power to aid the
afflicted woman; but she met with constant repulses.

'I don't like you!  I can't bear to see you!' Joanna would whisper
hoarsely when Emily came to her and made advances.

'But I want to help and soothe you, Joanna,' Emily would say.

'You are a lady, with a rich husband and fine sons!  What can you want
with a bereaved crone like me!'

'Joanna, I want this: I want you to come and live in my house, and not
stay alone in this dismal place any longer.'

'And suppose they come and don't find me at home?  You wish to separate
me and mine!  No, I'll stay here.  I don't like you, and I can't thank
you, whatever kindness you do me!'

However, as time went on Joanna could not afford to pay the rent of the
shop and house without an income.  She was assured that all hope of the
return of Shadrach and his sons was vain, and she reluctantly consented
to accept the asylum of the Lesters' house.  Here she was allotted a room
of her own on the second floor, and went and came as she chose, without
contact with the family.  Her hair greyed and whitened, deep lines
channeled her forehead, and her form grew gaunt and stooping.  But she
still expected the lost ones, and when she met Emily on the staircase she
would say morosely: 'I know why you've got me here!  They'll come, and be
disappointed at not finding me at home, and perhaps go away again; and
then you'll be revenged for my taking Shadrach away from 'ee!'

Emily Lester bore these reproaches from the grief-stricken soul.  She was
sure--all the people of Havenpool were sure--that Shadrach and his sons
could not return.  For years the vessel had been given up as lost.

Nevertheless, when awakened at night by any noise, Joanna would rise from
bed and glance at the shop opposite by the light from the flickering
lamp, to make sure it was not they.

It was a damp and dark December night, six years after the departure of
the brig _Joanna_.  The wind was from the sea, and brought up a fishy
mist which mopped the face like moist flannel.  Joanna had prayed her
usual prayer for the absent ones with more fervour and confidence than
she had felt for months, and had fallen asleep about eleven.  It must
have been between one and two when she suddenly started up.  She had
certainly heard steps in the street, and the voices of Shadrach and her
sons calling at the door of the grocery shop.  She sprang out of bed,
and, hardly knowing what clothing she dragged on herself; hastened down
Emily's large and carpeted staircase, put the candle on the hall-table,
unfastened the bolts and chain, and stepped into the street.  The mist,
blowing up the street from the Quay, hindered her seeing the shop,
although it was so near; but she had crossed to it in a moment.  How was
it?  Nobody stood there.  The wretched woman walked wildly up and down
with her bare feet--there was not a soul.  She returned and knocked with
all her might at the door which had once been her own--they might have
been admitted for the night, unwilling to disturb her till the morning.

It was not till several minutes had elapsed that the young man who now
kept the shop looked out of an upper window, and saw the skeleton of
something human standing below half-dressed.

'Has anybody come?' asked the form.

'O, Mrs. Jolliffe, I didn't know it was you,' said the young man kindly,
for he was aware how her baseless expectations moved her.  'No; nobody
has come.'

_June_ 1891.



Here stretch the downs, high and breezy and green, absolutely unchanged
since those eventful days.  A plough has never disturbed the turf, and
the sod that was uppermost then is uppermost now.  Here stood the camp;
here are distinct traces of the banks thrown up for the horses of the
cavalry, and spots where the midden-heaps lay are still to be observed.
At night, when I walk across the lonely place, it is impossible to avoid
hearing, amid the scourings of the wind over the grass-bents and
thistles, the old trumpet and bugle calls, the rattle of the halters; to
help seeing rows of spectral tents and the _impedimenta_ of the soldiery.
From within the canvases come guttural syllables of foreign tongues, and
broken songs of the fatherland; for they were mainly regiments of the
King's German Legion that slept round the tent-poles hereabout at that

It was nearly ninety years ago.  The British uniform of the period, with
its immense epaulettes, queer cocked-hat, breeches, gaiters, ponderous
cartridge-box, buckled shoes, and what not, would look strange and
barbarous now.  Ideas have changed; invention has followed invention.
Soldiers were monumental objects then.  A divinity still hedged kings
here and there; and war was considered a glorious thing.

Secluded old manor-houses and hamlets lie in the ravines and hollows
among these hills, where a stranger had hardly ever been seen till the
King chose to take the baths yearly at the sea-side watering-place a few
miles to the south; as a consequence of which battalions descended in a
cloud upon the open country around.  Is it necessary to add that the
echoes of many characteristic tales, dating from that picturesque time,
still linger about here in more or less fragmentary form, to be caught by
the attentive ear?  Some of them I have repeated; most of them I have
forgotten; one I have never repeated, and assuredly can never forget.

Phyllis told me the story with her own lips.  She was then an old lady of
seventy-five, and her auditor a lad of fifteen.  She enjoined silence as
to her share in the incident, till she should be 'dead, buried, and
forgotten.'  Her life was prolonged twelve years after the day of her
narration, and she has now been dead nearly twenty.  The oblivion which
in her modesty and humility she courted for herself has only partially
fallen on her, with the unfortunate result of inflicting an injustice
upon her memory; since such fragments of her story as got abroad at the
time, and have been kept alive ever since, are precisely those which are
most unfavourable to her character.

It all began with the arrival of the York Hussars, one of the foreign
regiments above alluded to.  Before that day scarcely a soul had been
seen near her father's house for weeks.  When a noise like the brushing
skirt of a visitor was heard on the doorstep, it proved to be a scudding
leaf; when a carriage seemed to be nearing the door, it was her father
grinding his sickle on the stone in the garden for his favourite
relaxation of trimming the box-tree borders to the plots.  A sound like
luggage thrown down from the coach was a gun far away at sea; and what
looked like a tall man by the gate at dusk was a yew bush cut into a
quaint and attenuated shape.  There is no such solitude in country places
now as there was in those old days.

Yet all the while King George and his court were at his favourite sea-
side resort, not more than five miles off.

The daughter's seclusion was great, but beyond the seclusion of the girl
lay the seclusion of the father.  If her social condition was twilight,
his was darkness.  Yet he enjoyed his darkness, while her twilight
oppressed her.  Dr. Grove had been a professional man whose taste for
lonely meditation over metaphysical questions had diminished his practice
till it no longer paid him to keep it going; after which he had
relinquished it and hired at a nominal rent the small, dilapidated, half
farm half manor-house of this obscure inland nook, to make a sufficiency
of an income which in a town would have been inadequate for their
maintenance.  He stayed in his garden the greater part of the day,
growing more and more irritable with the lapse of time, and the
increasing perception that he had wasted his life in the pursuit of
illusions.  He saw his friends less and less frequently.  Phyllis became
so shy that if she met a stranger anywhere in her short rambles she felt
ashamed at his gaze, walked awkwardly, and blushed to her shoulders.

Yet Phyllis was discovered even here by an admirer, and her hand most
unexpectedly asked in marriage.

The King, as aforesaid, was at the neighbouring town, where he had taken
up his abode at Gloucester Lodge and his presence in the town naturally
brought many county people thither.  Among these idlers--many of whom
professed to have connections and interests with the Court--was one
Humphrey Gould, a bachelor; a personage neither young nor old; neither
good-looking nor positively plain.  Too steady-going to be 'a buck' (as
fast and unmarried men were then called), he was an approximately
fashionable man of a mild type.  This bachelor of thirty found his way to
the village on the down: beheld Phyllis; made her father's acquaintance
in order to make hers; and by some means or other she sufficiently
inflamed his heart to lead him in that direction almost daily; till he
became engaged to marry her.

As he was of an old local family, some of whose members were held in
respect in the county, Phyllis, in bringing him to her feet, had
accomplished what was considered a brilliant move for one in her
constrained position.  How she had done it was not quite known to Phyllis
herself.  In those days unequal marriages were regarded rather as a
violation of the laws of nature than as a mere infringement of
convention, the more modern view, and hence when Phyllis, of the watering-
place bourgeoisie, was chosen by such a gentlemanly fellow, it was as if
she were going to be taken to heaven, though perhaps the uninformed would
have seen no great difference in the respective positions of the pair,
the said Gould being as poor as a crow.

This pecuniary condition was his excuse--probably a true one--for
postponing their union, and as the winter drew nearer, and the King
departed for the season, Mr. Humphrey Gould set out for Bath, promising
to return to Phyllis in a few weeks.  The winter arrived, the date of his
promise passed, yet Gould postponed his coming, on the ground that he
could not very easily leave his father in the city of their sojourn, the
elder having no other relative near him.  Phyllis, though lonely in the
extreme, was content.  The man who had asked her in marriage was a
desirable husband for her in many ways; her father highly approved of his
suit; but this neglect of her was awkward, if not painful, for Phyllis.
Love him in the true sense of the word she assured me she never did, but
she had a genuine regard for him; admired a certain methodical and dogged
way in which he sometimes took his pleasure; valued his knowledge of what
the Court was doing, had done, or was about to do; and she was not
without a feeling of pride that he had chosen her when he might have
exercised a more ambitious choice.

But he did not come; and the spring developed.  His letters were regular
though formal; and it is not to be wondered that the uncertainty of her
position, linked with the fact that there was not much passion in her
thoughts of Humphrey, bred an indescribable dreariness in the heart of
Phyllis Grove.  The spring was soon summer, and the summer brought the
King; but still no Humphrey Gould.  All this while the engagement by
letter was maintained intact.

At this point of time a golden radiance flashed in upon the lives of
people here, and charged all youthful thought with emotional interest.
This radiance was the aforesaid York Hussars.


The present generation has probably but a very dim notion of the
celebrated York Hussars of ninety years ago.  They were one of the
regiments of the King's German Legion, and (though they somewhat
degenerated later on) their brilliant uniform, their splendid horses, and
above all, their foreign air and mustachios (rare appendages then), drew
crowds of admirers of both sexes wherever they went.  These with other
regiments had come to encamp on the downs and pastures, because of the
presence of the King in the neighbouring town.

The spot was high and airy, and the view extensive, commanding the Isle
of Portland in front, and reaching to St. Aldhelm's Head eastward, and
almost to the Start on the west.

Phyllis, though not precisely a girl of the village, was as interested as
any of them in this military investment.  Her father's home stood
somewhat apart, and on the highest point of ground to which the lane
ascended, so that it was almost level with the top of the church tower in
the lower part of the parish.  Immediately from the outside of the garden-
wall the grass spread away to a great distance, and it was crossed by a
path which came close to the wall.  Ever since her childhood it had been
Phyllis's pleasure to clamber up this fence and sit on the top--a feat
not so difficult as it may seem, the walls in this district being built
of rubble, without mortar, so that there were plenty of crevices for
small toes.

She was sitting up here one day, listlessly surveying the pasture
without, when her attention was arrested by a solitary figure walking
along the path.  It was one of the renowned German Hussars, and he moved
onward with his eyes on the ground, and with the manner of one who wished
to escape company.  His head would probably have been bent like his eyes
but for his stiff neck-gear.  On nearer view she perceived that his face
was marked with deep sadness.  Without observing her, he advanced by the
footpath till it brought him almost immediately under the wall.

Phyllis was much surprised to see a fine, tall soldier in such a mood as
this.  Her theory of the military, and of the York Hussars in particular
(derived entirely from hearsay, for she had never talked to a soldier in
her life), was that their hearts were as gay as their accoutrements.

At this moment the Hussar lifted his eyes and noticed her on her perch,
the white muslin neckerchief which covered her shoulders and neck where
left bare by her low gown, and her white raiment in general, showing
conspicuously in the bright sunlight of this summer day.  He blushed a
little at the suddenness of the encounter, and without halting a moment
from his pace passed on.

All that day the foreigner's face haunted Phyllis; its aspect was so
striking, so handsome, and his eyes were so blue, and sad, and
abstracted.  It was perhaps only natural that on some following day at
the same hour she should look over that wall again, and wait till he had
passed a second time.  On this occasion he was reading a letter, and at
the sight of her his manner was that of one who had half expected or
hoped to discover her.  He almost stopped, smiled, and made a courteous
salute.  The end of the meeting was that they exchanged a few words.  She
asked him what he was reading, and he readily informed her that he was re-
perusing letters from his mother in Germany; he did not get them often,
he said, and was forced to read the old ones a great many times.  This
was all that passed at the present interview, but others of the same kind

Phyllis used to say that his English, though not good, was quite
intelligible to her, so that their acquaintance was never hindered by
difficulties of speech.  Whenever the subject became too delicate,
subtle, or tender, for such words of English as were at his command, the
eyes no doubt helped out the tongue, and--though this was later on--the
lips helped out the eyes.  In short this acquaintance, unguardedly made,
and rash enough on her part, developed and ripened.  Like Desdemona, she
pitied him, and learnt his history.

His name was Matthaus Tina, and Saarbruck his native town, where his
mother was still living.  His age was twenty-two, and he had already
risen to the grade of corporal, though he had not long been in the army.
Phyllis used to assert that no such refined or well-educated young man
could have been found in the ranks of the purely English regiments, some
of these foreign soldiers having rather the graceful manner and presence
of our native officers than of our rank and file.

She by degrees learnt from her foreign friend a circumstance about
himself and his comrades which Phyllis would least have expected of the
York Hussars.  So far from being as gay as its uniform, the regiment was
pervaded by a dreadful melancholy, a chronic home-sickness, which
depressed many of the men to such an extent that they could hardly attend
to their drill.  The worst sufferers were the younger soldiers who had
not been over here long.  They hated England and English life; they took
no interest whatever in King George and his island kingdom, and they only
wished to be out of it and never to see it any more.  Their bodies were
here, but their hearts and minds were always far away in their dear
fatherland, of which--brave men and stoical as they were in many
ways--they would speak with tears in their eyes.  One of the worst of the
sufferers from this home-woe, as he called it in his own tongue, was
Matthaus Tina, whose dreamy musing nature felt the gloom of exile still
more intensely from the fact that he had left a lonely mother at home
with nobody to cheer her.

Though Phyllis, touched by all this, and interested in his history, did
not disdain her soldier's acquaintance, she declined (according to her
own account, at least) to permit the young man to overstep the line of
mere friendship for a long while--as long, indeed, as she considered
herself likely to become the possession of another; though it is probable
that she had lost her heart to Matthaus before she was herself aware.  The
stone wall of necessity made anything like intimacy difficult; and he had
never ventured to come, or to ask to come, inside the garden, so that all
their conversation had been overtly conducted across this boundary.


But news reached the village from a friend of Phyllis's father concerning
Mr. Humphrey Gould, her remarkably cool and patient betrothed.  This
gentleman had been heard to say in Bath that he considered his overtures
to Miss Phyllis Grove to have reached only the stage of a
half-understanding; and in view of his enforced absence on his father's
account, who was too great an invalid now to attend to his affairs, he
thought it best that there should be no definite promise as yet on either
side.  He was not sure, indeed, that he might not cast his eyes

This account--though only a piece of hearsay, and as such entitled to no
absolute credit--tallied so well with the infrequency of his letters and
their lack of warmth, that Phyllis did not doubt its truth for one
moment; and from that hour she felt herself free to bestow her heart as
she should choose.  Not so her father; he declared the whole story to be
a fabrication.  He had known Mr. Gould's family from his boyhood; and if
there was one proverb which expressed the matrimonial aspect of that
family well, it was 'Love me little, love me long.'  Humphrey was an
honourable man, who would not think of treating his engagement so
lightly.  'Do you wait in patience,' he said; 'all will be right enough
in time.'

From these words Phyllis at first imagined that her father was in
correspondence with Mr. Gould; and her heart sank within her; for in
spite of her original intentions she had been relieved to hear that her
engagement had come to nothing.  But she presently learnt that her father
had heard no more of Humphrey Gould than she herself had done; while he
would not write and address her affianced directly on the subject, lest
it should be deemed an imputation on that bachelor's honour.

'You want an excuse for encouraging one or other of those foreign fellows
to flatter you with his unmeaning attentions,' her father exclaimed, his
mood having of late been a very unkind one towards her.  'I see more than
I say.  Don't you ever set foot outside that garden-fence without my
permission.  If you want to see the camp I'll take you myself some Sunday

Phyllis had not the smallest intention of disobeying him in her actions,
but she assumed herself to be independent with respect to her feelings.
She no longer checked her fancy for the Hussar, though she was far from
regarding him as her lover in the serious sense in which an Englishman
might have been regarded as such.  The young foreign soldier was almost
an ideal being to her, with none of the appurtenances of an ordinary
house-dweller; one who had descended she knew not whence, and would
disappear she knew not whither; the subject of a fascinating dream--no

They met continually now--mostly at dusk--during the brief interval
between the going down of the sun and the minute at which the last
trumpet-call summoned him to his tent.  Perhaps her manner had become
less restrained latterly; at any rate that of the Hussar was so; he had
grown more tender every day, and at parting after these hurried
interviews she reached down her hand from the top of the wall that he
might press it.  One evening he held it so long that she exclaimed, 'The
wall is white, and somebody in the field may see your shape against it!'

He lingered so long that night that it was with the greatest difficulty
that he could run across the intervening stretch of ground and enter the
camp in time.  On the next occasion of his awaiting her she did not
appear in her usual place at the usual hour.  His disappointment was
unspeakably keen; he remained staring blankly at the spot, like a man in
a trance.  The trumpets and tattoo sounded, and still he did not go.

She had been delayed purely by an accident.  When she arrived she was
anxious because of the lateness of the hour, having heard as well as he
the sounds denoting the closing of the camp.  She implored him to leave

'No,' he said gloomily.  'I shall not go in yet--the moment you come--I
have thought of your coming all day.'

'But you may be disgraced at being after time?'

'I don't mind that.  I should have disappeared from the world some time
ago if it had not been for two persons--my beloved, here, and my mother
in Saarbruck.  I hate the army.  I care more for a minute of your company
than for all the promotion in the world.'

Thus he stayed and talked to her, and told her interesting details of his
native place, and incidents of his childhood, till she was in a simmer of
distress at his recklessness in remaining.  It was only because she
insisted on bidding him good-night and leaving the wall that he returned
to his quarters.

The next time that she saw him he was without the stripes that had
adorned his sleeve.  He had been broken to the level of private for his
lateness that night; and as Phyllis considered herself to be the cause of
his disgrace her sorrow was great.  But the position was now reversed; it
was his turn to cheer her.

'Don't grieve, meine Liebliche!' he said.  'I have got a remedy for
whatever comes.  First, even supposing I regain my stripes, would your
father allow you to marry a non-commissioned officer in the York

She flushed.  This practical step had not been in her mind in relation to
such an unrealistic person as he was; and a moment's reflection was
enough for it.  'My father would not--certainly would not,' she answered
unflinchingly.  'It cannot be thought of!  My dear friend, please do
forget me: I fear I am ruining you and your prospects!'

'Not at all!' said he.  'You are giving this country of yours just
sufficient interest to me to make me care to keep alive in it.  If my
dear land were here also, and my old parent, with you, I could be happy
as I am, and would do my best as a soldier.  But it is not so.  And now
listen.  This is my plan.  That you go with me to my own country, and be
my wife there, and live there with my mother and me.  I am not a
Hanoverian, as you know, though I entered the army as such; my country is
by the Saar, and is at peace with France, and if I were once in it I
should be free.'

'But how get there?' she asked.  Phyllis had been rather amazed than
shocked at his proposition.  Her position in her father's house was
growing irksome and painful in the extreme; his parental affection seemed
to be quite dried up.  She was not a native of the village, like all the
joyous girls around her; and in some way Matthaus Tina had infected her
with his own passionate longing for his country, and mother, and home.

'But how?' she repeated, finding that he did not answer.  'Will you buy
your discharge?'

'Ah, no,' he said.  'That's impossible in these times.  No; I came here
against my will; why should I not escape?  Now is the time, as we shall
soon be striking camp, and I might see you no more.  This is my scheme.  I
will ask you to meet me on the highway two miles off; on some calm night
next week that may be appointed.  There will be nothing unbecoming in it,
or to cause you shame; you will not fly alone with me, for I will bring
with me my devoted young friend Christoph, an Alsatian, who has lately
joined the regiment, and who has agreed to assist in this enterprise.  We
shall have come from yonder harbour, where we shall have examined the
boats, and found one suited to our purpose.  Christoph has already a
chart of the Channel, and we will then go to the harbour, and at midnight
cut the boat from her moorings, and row away round the point out of
sight; and by the next morning we are on the coast of France, near
Cherbourg.  The rest is easy, for I have saved money for the land
journey, and can get a change of clothes.  I will write to my mother, who
will meet us on the way.'

He added details in reply to her inquiries, which left no doubt in
Phyllis's mind of the feasibility of the undertaking.  But its magnitude
almost appalled her; and it is questionable if she would ever have gone
further in the wild adventure if, on entering the house that night, her
father had not accosted her in the most significant terms.

'How about the York Hussars?' he said.

'They are still at the camp; but they are soon going away, I believe.'

'It is useless for you to attempt to cloak your actions in that way.  You
have been meeting one of those fellows; you have been seen walking with
him--foreign barbarians, not much better than the French themselves!  I
have made up my mind--don't speak a word till I have done, please!--I
have made up my mind that you shall stay here no longer while they are on
the spot.  You shall go to your aunt's.'

It was useless for her to protest that she had never taken a walk with
any soldier or man under the sun except himself.  Her protestations were
feeble, too, for though he was not literally correct in his assertion, he
was virtually only half in error.

The house of her father's sister was a prison to Phyllis.  She had quite
recently undergone experience of its gloom; and when her father went on
to direct her to pack what would be necessary for her to take, her heart
died within her.  In after years she never attempted to excuse her
conduct during this week of agitation; but the result of her
self-communing was that she decided to join in the scheme of her lover
and his friend, and fly to the country which he had coloured with such
lovely hues in her imagination.  She always said that the one feature in
his proposal which overcame her hesitation was the obvious purity and
straightforwardness of his intentions.  He showed himself to be so
virtuous and kind; he treated her with a respect to which she had never
before been accustomed; and she was braced to the obvious risks of the
voyage by her confidence in him.


It was on a soft, dark evening of the following week that they engaged in
the adventure.  Tina was to meet her at a point in the highway at which
the lane to the village branched off.  Christoph was to go ahead of them
to the harbour where the boat lay, row it round the Nothe--or Look-out as
it was called in those days--and pick them up on the other side of the
promontory, which they were to reach by crossing the harbour-bridge on
foot, and climbing over the Look-out hill.

As soon as her father had ascended to his room she left the house, and,
bundle in hand, proceeded at a trot along the lane.  At such an hour not
a soul was afoot anywhere in the village, and she reached the junction of
the lane with the highway unobserved.  Here she took up her position in
the obscurity formed by the angle of a fence, whence she could discern
every one who approached along the turnpike-road, without being herself

She had not remained thus waiting for her lover longer than a
minute--though from the tension of her nerves the lapse of even that
short time was trying--when, instead of the expected footsteps, the stage-
coach could be heard descending the hill.  She knew that Tina would not
show himself till the road was clear, and waited impatiently for the
coach to pass.  Nearing the corner where she was it slackened speed, and,
instead of going by as usual, drew up within a few yards of her.  A
passenger alighted, and she heard his voice.  It was Humphrey Gould's.

He had brought a friend with him, and luggage.  The luggage was deposited
on the grass, and the coach went on its route to the royal

'I wonder where that young man is with the horse and trap?' said her
former admirer to his companion.  'I hope we shan't have to wait here
long.  I told him half-past nine o'clock precisely.'

'Have you got her present safe?'

'Phyllis's?  O, yes.  It is in this trunk.  I hope it will please her.'

'Of course it will.  What woman would not be pleased with such a handsome

'Well--she deserves it.  I've treated her rather badly.  But she has been
in my mind these last two days much more than I should care to confess to
everybody.  Ah, well; I'll say no more about that.  It cannot be that she
is so bad as they make out.  I am quite sure that a girl of her good wit
would know better than to get entangled with any of those Hanoverian
soldiers.  I won't believe it of her, and there's an end on't.'

More words in the same strain were casually dropped as the two men
waited; words which revealed to her, as by a sudden illumination, the
enormity of her conduct.  The conversation was at length cut off by the
arrival of the man with the vehicle.  The luggage was placed in it, and
they mounted, and were driven on in the direction from which she had just

Phyllis was so conscience-stricken that she was at first inclined to
follow them; but a moment's reflection led her to feel that it would only
be bare justice to Matthaus to wait till he arrived, and explain candidly
that she had changed her mind--difficult as the struggle would be when
she stood face to face with him.  She bitterly reproached herself for
having believed reports which represented Humphrey Gould as false to his
engagement, when, from what she now heard from his own lips, she gathered
that he had been living full of trust in her.  But she knew well enough
who had won her love.  Without him her life seemed a dreary prospect, yet
the more she looked at his proposal the more she feared to accept it--so
wild as it was, so vague, so venturesome.  She had promised Humphrey
Gould, and it was only his assumed faithlessness which had led her to
treat that promise as nought.  His solicitude in bringing her these gifts
touched her; her promise must be kept, and esteem must take the place of
love.  She would preserve her self-respect.  She would stay at home, and
marry him, and suffer.

Phyllis had thus braced herself to an exceptional fortitude when, a few
minutes later, the outline of Matthaus Tina appeared behind a field-gate,
over which he lightly leapt as she stepped forward.  There was no evading
it, he pressed her to his breast.

'It is the first and last time!' she wildly thought as she stood
encircled by his arms.

How Phyllis got through the terrible ordeal of that night she could never
clearly recollect.  She always attributed her success in carrying out her
resolve to her lover's honour, for as soon as she declared to him in
feeble words that she had changed her mind, and felt that she could not,
dared not, fly with him, he forbore to urge her, grieved as he was at her
decision.  Unscrupulous pressure on his part, seeing how romantically she
had become attached to him, would no doubt have turned the balance in his
favour.  But he did nothing to tempt her unduly or unfairly.

On her side, fearing for his safety, she begged him to remain.  This, he
declared, could not be.  'I cannot break faith with my friend,' said he.
Had he stood alone he would have abandoned his plan.  But Christoph, with
the boat and compass and chart, was waiting on the shore; the tide would
soon turn; his mother had been warned of his coming; go he must.

Many precious minutes were lost while he tarried, unable to tear himself
away.  Phyllis held to her resolve, though it cost her many a bitter
pang.  At last they parted, and he went down the hill.  Before his
footsteps had quite died away she felt a desire to behold at least his
outline once more, and running noiselessly after him regained view of his
diminishing figure.  For one moment she was sufficiently excited to be on
the point of rushing forward and linking her fate with his.  But she
could not.  The courage which at the critical instant failed Cleopatra of
Egypt could scarcely be expected of Phyllis Grove.

A dark shape, similar to his own, joined him in the highway.  It was
Christoph, his friend.  She could see no more; they had hastened on in
the direction of the town and harbour, four miles ahead.  With a feeling
akin to despair she turned and slowly pursued her way homeward.

Tattoo sounded in the camp; but there was no camp for her now.  It was as
dead as the camp of the Assyrians after the passage of the Destroying

She noiselessly entered the house, seeing nobody, and went to bed.  Grief,
which kept her awake at first, ultimately wrapped her in a heavy sleep.
The next morning her father met her at the foot of the stairs.

'Mr. Gould is come!' he said triumphantly.

Humphrey was staying at the inn, and had already called to inquire for
her.  He had brought her a present of a very handsome looking-glass in a
frame of _repousse_ silverwork, which her father held in his hand.  He
had promised to call again in the course of an hour, to ask Phyllis to
walk with him.

Pretty mirrors were rarer in country-houses at that day than they are
now, and the one before her won Phyllis's admiration.  She looked into
it, saw how heavy her eyes were, and endeavoured to brighten them.  She
was in that wretched state of mind which leads a woman to move
mechanically onward in what she conceives to be her allotted path.  Mr.
Humphrey had, in his undemonstrative way, been adhering all along to the
old understanding; it was for her to do the same, and to say not a word
of her own lapse.  She put on her bonnet and tippet, and when he arrived
at the hour named she was at the door awaiting him.


Phyllis thanked him for his beautiful gift; but the talking was soon
entirely on Humphrey's side as they walked along.  He told her of the
latest movements of the world of fashion--a subject which she willingly
discussed to the exclusion of anything more personal--and his measured
language helped to still her disquieted heart and brain.  Had not her own
sadness been what it was she must have observed his embarrassment.  At
last he abruptly changed the subject.

'I am glad you are pleased with my little present,' he said.  'The truth
is that I brought it to propitiate 'ee, and to get you to help me out of
a mighty difficulty.'

It was inconceivable to Phyllis that this independent bachelor--whom she
admired in some respects--could have a difficulty.

'Phyllis--I'll tell you my secret at once; for I have a monstrous secret
to confide before I can ask your counsel.  The case is, then, that I am
married: yes, I have privately married a dear young belle; and if you
knew her, and I hope you will, you would say everything in her praise.
But she is not quite the one that my father would have chose for me--you
know the paternal idea as well as I--and I have kept it secret.  There
will be a terrible noise, no doubt; but I think that with your help I may
get over it.  If you would only do me this good turn--when I have told my
father, I mean--say that you never could have married me, you know, or
something of that sort--'pon my life it will help to smooth the way
vastly.  I am so anxious to win him round to my point of view, and not to
cause any estrangement.'

What Phyllis replied she scarcely knew, or how she counselled him as to
his unexpected situation.  Yet the relief that his announcement brought
her was perceptible.  To have confided her trouble in return was what her
aching heart longed to do; and had Humphrey been a woman she would
instantly have poured out her tale.  But to him she feared to confess;
and there was a real reason for silence, till a sufficient time had
elapsed to allow her lover and his comrade to get out of harm's way.

As soon as she reached home again she sought a solitary place, and spent
the time in half regretting that she had not gone away, and in dreaming
over the meetings with Matthaus Tina from their beginning to their end.
In his own country, amongst his own countrywomen, he would possibly soon
forget her, even to her very name.

Her listlessness was such that she did not go out of the house for
several days.  There came a morning which broke in fog and mist, behind
which the dawn could be discerned in greenish grey; and the outlines of
the tents, and the rows of horses at the ropes.  The smoke from the
canteen fires drooped heavily.

The spot at the bottom of the garden where she had been accustomed to
climb the wall to meet Matthaus, was the only inch of English ground in
which she took any interest; and in spite of the disagreeable haze
prevailing she walked out there till she reached the well-known corner.
Every blade of grass was weighted with little liquid globes, and slugs
and snails had crept out upon the plots.  She could hear the usual faint
noises from the camp, and in the other direction the trot of farmers on
the road to the town, for it was market-day.  She observed that her
frequent visits to this corner had quite trodden down the grass in the
angle of the wall, and left marks of garden soil on the stepping-stones
by which she had mounted to look over the top.  Seldom having gone there
till dusk, she had not considered that her traces might be visible by
day.  Perhaps it was these which had revealed her trysts to her father.

While she paused in melancholy regard, she fancied that the customary
sounds from the tents were changing their character.  Indifferent as
Phyllis was to camp doings now, she mounted by the steps to the old
place.  What she beheld at first awed and perplexed her; then she stood
rigid, her fingers hooked to the wall, her eyes staring out of her head,
and her face as if hardened to stone.

On the open green stretching before her all the regiments in the camp
were drawn up in line, in the mid-front of which two empty coffins lay on
the ground.  The unwonted sounds which she had noticed came from an
advancing procession.  It consisted of the band of the York Hussars
playing a dead march; next two soldiers of that regiment in a mourning
coach, guarded on each side, and accompanied by two priests.  Behind came
a crowd of rustics who had been attracted by the event.  The melancholy
procession marched along the front of the line, returned to the centre,
and halted beside the coffins, where the two condemned men were
blindfolded, and each placed kneeling on his coffin; a few minutes pause
was now given, while they prayed.

A firing-party of twenty-four men stood ready with levelled carbines.  The
commanding officer, who had his sword drawn, waved it through some cuts
of the sword-exercise till he reached the downward stroke, whereat the
firing-party discharged their volley.  The two victims fell, one upon his
face across his coffin, the other backwards.

As the volley resounded there arose a shriek from the wall of Dr. Grove's
garden, and some one fell down inside; but nobody among the spectators
without noticed it at the time.  The two executed Hussars were Matthaus
Tina and his friend Christoph.  The soldiers on guard placed the bodies
in the coffins almost instantly; but the colonel of the regiment, an
Englishman, rode up and exclaimed in a stern voice: 'Turn them out--as an
example to the men!'

The coffins were lifted endwise, and the dead Germans flung out upon
their faces on the grass.  Then all the regiments wheeled in sections,
and marched past the spot in slow time.  When the survey was over the
corpses were again coffined, and borne away.

Meanwhile Dr. Grove, attracted by the noise of the volley, had rushed out
into his garden, where he saw his wretched daughter lying motionless
against the wall.  She was taken indoors, but it was long before she
recovered consciousness; and for weeks they despaired of her reason.

It transpired that the luckless deserters from the York Hussars had cut
the boat from her moorings in the adjacent harbour, according to their
plan, and, with two other comrades who were smarting under ill-treatment
from their colonel, had sailed in safety across the Channel.  But
mistaking their bearings they steered into Jersey, thinking that island
the French coast.  Here they were perceived to be deserters, and
delivered up to the authorities.  Matthaus and Christoph interceded for
the other two at the court-martial, saying that it was entirely by the
former's representations that these were induced to go.  Their sentence
was accordingly commuted to flogging, the death punishment being reserved
for their leaders.

The visitor to the well-known old Georgian watering-place, who may care
to ramble to the neighbouring village under the hills, and examine the
register of burials, will there find two entries in these words:--

   'Matth:--Tina (Corpl.) in His Majesty's Regmt. of York Hussars, and
   Shot for Desertion, was Buried June 30th, 1801, aged 22 years.  Born
   in the town of Sarrbruk, Germany.

   'Christoph Bless, belonging to His Majesty's Regmt. of York Hussars,
   who was Shot for Desertion, was Buried June 30th, 1801, aged 22 years.
   Born at Lothaargen, Alsatia.'

Their graves were dug at the back of the little church, near the wall.
There is no memorial to mark the spot, but Phyllis pointed it out to me.
While she lived she used to keep their mounds neat; but now they are
overgrown with nettles, and sunk nearly flat.  The older villagers,
however, who know of the episode from their parents, still recollect the
place where the soldiers lie.  Phyllis lies near.

_October_ 1889.


'Talking of Exhibitions, World's Fairs, and what not,' said the old
gentleman, 'I would not go round the corner to see a dozen of them
nowadays.  The only exhibition that ever made, or ever will make, any
impression upon my imagination was the first of the series, the parent of
them all, and now a thing of old times--the Great Exhibition of 1851, in
Hyde Park, London.  None of the younger generation can realize the sense
of novelty it produced in us who were then in our prime.  A noun
substantive went so far as to become an adjective in honour of the
occasion.  It was "exhibition" hat, "exhibition" razor-strop,
"exhibition" watch; nay, even "exhibition" weather, "exhibition" spirits,
sweethearts, babies, wives--for the time.

'For South Wessex, the year formed in many ways an extraordinary
chronological frontier or transit-line, at which there occurred what one
might call a precipice in Time.  As in a geological "fault," we had
presented to us a sudden bringing of ancient and modern into absolute
contact, such as probably in no other single year since the Conquest was
ever witnessed in this part of the country.'

These observations led us onward to talk of the different personages,
gentle and simple, who lived and moved within our narrow and peaceful
horizon at that time; and of three people in particular, whose queer
little history was oddly touched at points by the Exhibition, more
concerned with it than that of anybody else who dwelt in those outlying
shades of the world, Stickleford, Mellstock, and Egdon.  First in
prominence among these three came Wat Ollamoor--if that were his real
name--whom the seniors in our party had known well.

He was a woman's man, they said,--supremely so--externally little else.
To men be was not attractive; perhaps a little repulsive at times.
Musician, dandy, and company-man in practice; veterinary surgeon in
theory, he lodged awhile in Mellstock village, coming from nobody knew
where; though some said his first appearance in this neighbourhood had
been as fiddle-player in a show at Greenhill Fair.

Many a worthy villager envied him his power over unsophisticated
maidenhood--a power which seemed sometimes to have a touch of the weird
and wizardly in it.  Personally he was not ill-favoured, though rather un-
English, his complexion being a rich olive, his rank hair dark and rather
clammy--made still clammier by secret ointments, which, when he came
fresh to a party, caused him to smell like 'boys'-love' (southernwood)
steeped in lamp-oil.  On occasion he wore curls--a double row--running
almost horizontally around his head.  But as these were sometimes
noticeably absent, it was concluded that they were not altogether of
Nature's making.  By girls whose love for him had turned to hatred he had
been nicknamed 'Mop,' from this abundance of hair, which was long enough
to rest upon his shoulders; as time passed the name more and more

His fiddling possibly had the most to do with the fascination he
exercised, for, to speak fairly, it could claim for itself a most
peculiar and personal quality, like that in a moving preacher.  There
were tones in it which bred the immediate conviction that indolence and
averseness to systematic application were all that lay between 'Mop' and
the career of a second Paganini.

While playing he invariably closed his eyes; using no notes, and, as it
were, allowing the violin to wander on at will into the most plaintive
passages ever heard by rustic man.  There was a certain lingual character
in the supplicatory expressions he produced, which would well nigh have
drawn an ache from the heart of a gate-post.  He could make any child in
the parish, who was at all sensitive to music, burst into tears in a few
minutes by simply fiddling one of the old dance-tunes he almost entirely
affected--country jigs, reels, and 'Favourite Quick Steps' of the last
century--some mutilated remains of which even now reappear as nameless
phantoms in new quadrilles and gallops, where they are recognized only by
the curious, or by such old-fashioned and far-between people as have been
thrown with men like Wat Ollamoor in their early life.

His date was a little later than that of the old Mellstock quire-band
which comprised the Dewys, Mail, and the rest--in fact, he did not rise
above the horizon thereabout till those well-known musicians were
disbanded as ecclesiastical functionaries.  In their honest love of
thoroughness they despised the new man's style.  Theophilus Dewy (Reuben
the tranter's younger brother) used to say there was no 'plumness' in
it--no bowing, no solidity--it was all fantastical.  And probably this
was true.  Anyhow, Mop had, very obviously, never bowed a note of church-
music from his birth; he never once sat in the gallery of Mellstock
church where the others had tuned their venerable psalmody so many
hundreds of times; had never, in all likelihood, entered a church at all.
All were devil's tunes in his repertory.  'He could no more play the Wold
Hundredth to his true time than he could play the brazen serpent,' the
tranter would say.  (The brazen serpent was supposed in Mellstock to be a
musical instrument particularly hard to blow.)

Occasionally Mop could produce the aforesaid moving effect upon the souls
of grown-up persons, especially young women of fragile and responsive
organization.  Such an one was Car'line Aspent.  Though she was already
engaged to be married before she met him, Car'line, of them all, was the
most influenced by Mop Ollamoor's heart-stealing melodies, to her
discomfort, nay, positive pain and ultimate injury.  She was a pretty,
invocating, weak-mouthed girl, whose chief defect as a companion with her
sex was a tendency to peevishness now and then.  At this time she was not
a resident in Mellstock parish where Mop lodged, but lived some miles off
at Stickleford, farther down the river.

How and where she first made acquaintance with him and his fiddling is
not truly known, but the story was that it either began or was developed
on one spring evening, when, in passing through Lower Mellstock, she
chanced to pause on the bridge near his house to rest herself, and
languidly leaned over the parapet.  Mop was standing on his door-step, as
was his custom, spinning the insidious thread of semi- and
demi-semi-quavers from the E string of his fiddle for the benefit of
passers-by, and laughing as the tears rolled down the cheeks of the
little children hanging around him.  Car'line pretended to be engrossed
with the rippling of the stream under the arches, but in reality she was
listening, as he knew.  Presently the aching of the heart seized her
simultaneously with a wild desire to glide airily in the mazes of an
infinite dance.  To shake off the fascination she resolved to go on,
although it would be necessary to pass him as he played.  On stealthily
glancing ahead at the performer, she found to her relief that his eyes
were closed in abandonment to instrumentation, and she strode on boldly.
But when closer her step grew timid, her tread convulsed itself more and
more accordantly with the time of the melody, till she very nearly danced
along.  Gaining another glance at him when immediately opposite, she saw
that _one_ of his eyes was open, quizzing her as he smiled at her
emotional state.  Her gait could not divest itself of its compelled
capers till she had gone a long way past the house; and Car'line was
unable to shake off the strange infatuation for hours.

After that day, whenever there was to be in the neighbourhood a dance to
which she could get an invitation, and where Mop Ollamoor was to be the
musician, Car'line contrived to be present, though it sometimes involved
a walk of several miles; for he did not play so often in Stickleford as

The next evidences of his influence over her were singular enough, and it
would require a neurologist to fully explain them.  She would be sitting
quietly, any evening after dark, in the house of her father, the parish
clerk, which stood in the middle of Stickleford village street, this
being the highroad between Lower Mellstock and Moreford, five miles
eastward.  Here, without a moment's warning, and in the midst of a
general conversation between her father, sister, and the young man before
alluded to, who devotedly wooed her in ignorance of her infatuation, she
would start from her seat in the chimney-corner as if she had received a
galvanic shock, and spring convulsively towards the ceiling; then she
would burst into tears, and it was not till some half-hour had passed
that she grew calm as usual.  Her father, knowing her hysterical
tendencies, was always excessively anxious about this trait in his
youngest girl, and feared the attack to be a species of epileptic fit.
Not so her sister Julia.  Julia had found Out what was the cause.  At the
moment before the jumping, only an exceptionally sensitive ear situated
in the chimney-nook could have caught from down the flue the beat of a
man's footstep along the highway without.  But it was in that footfall,
for which she had been waiting, that the origin of Car'line's involuntary
springing lay.  The pedestrian was Mop Ollamoor, as the girl well knew;
but his business that way was not to visit her; he sought another woman
whom he spoke of as his Intended, and who lived at Moreford, two miles
farther on.  On one, and only one, occasion did it happen that Car'line
could not control her utterance; it was when her sister alone chanced to
be present.  'Oh--oh--oh--!' she cried.  'He's going to _her_, and not
coming to _me_!'

To do the fiddler justice he had not at first thought greatly of, or
spoken much to, this girl of impressionable mould.  But he had soon found
out her secret, and could not resist a little by-play with her too easily
hurt heart, as an interlude between his more serious performances at
Moreford.  The two became well acquainted, though only by stealth, hardly
a soul in Stickleford except her sister, and her lover Ned Hipcroft,
being aware of the attachment.  Her father disapproved of her coldness to
Ned; her sister, too, hoped she might get over this nervous passion for a
man of whom so little was known.  The ultimate result was that Car'line's
manly and simple wooer Edward found his suit becoming practically
hopeless.  He was a respectable mechanic, in a far sounder position than
Mop the nominal horse-doctor; but when, before leaving her, Ned put his
flat and final question, would she marry him, then and there, now or
never, it was with little expectation of obtaining more than the negative
she gave him.  Though her father supported him and her sister supported
him, he could not play the fiddle so as to draw your soul out of your
body like a spider's thread, as Mop did, till you felt as limp as withy-
wind and yearned for something to cling to.  Indeed, Hipcroft had not the
slightest ear for music; could not sing two notes in tune, much less play

The No he had expected and got from her, in spite of a preliminary
encouragement, gave Ned a new start in life.  It had been uttered in such
a tone of sad entreaty that he resolved to persecute her no more; she
should not even be distressed by a sight of his form in the distant
perspective of the street and lane.  He left the place, and his natural
course was to London.

The railway to South Wessex was in process of construction, but it was
not as yet opened for traffic; and Hipcroft reached the capital by a six
days' trudge on foot, as many a better man had done before him.  He was
one of the last of the artisan class who used that now extinct method of
travel to the great centres of labour, so customary then from time

In London he lived and worked regularly at his trade.  More fortunate
than many, his disinterested willingness recommended him from the first.
During the ensuing four years he was never out of employment.  He neither
advanced nor receded in the modern sense; he improved as a workman, but
he did not shift one jot in social position.  About his love for Car'line
he maintained a rigid silence.  No doubt he often thought of her; but
being always occupied, and having no relations at Stickleford, he held no
communication with that part of the country, and showed no desire to
return.  In his quiet lodging in Lambeth he moved about after working-
hours with the facility of a woman, doing his own cooking, attending to
his stocking-heels, and shaping himself by degrees to a life-long
bachelorhood.  For this conduct one is bound to advance the canonical
reason that time could not efface from his heart the image of little
Car'line Aspent--and it may be in part true; but there was also the
inference that his was a nature not greatly dependent upon the
ministrations of the other sex for its comforts.

The fourth year of his residence as a mechanic in London was the year of
the Hyde-Park Exhibition already mentioned, and at the construction of
this huge glass-house, then unexampled in the world's history, he worked
daily.  It was an era of great hope and activity among the nations and
industries.  Though Hipcroft was, in his small way, a central man in the
movement, he plodded on with his usual outward placidity.  Yet for him,
too, the year was destined to have its surprises, for when the bustle of
getting the building ready for the opening day was past, the ceremonies
had been witnessed, and people were flocking thither from all parts of
the globe, he received a letter from Car'line.  Till that day the silence
of four years between himself and Stickleford had never been broken.

She informed her old lover, in an uncertain penmanship which suggested a
trembling hand, of the trouble she had been put to in ascertaining his
address, and then broached the subject which had prompted her to write.
Four years ago, she said with the greatest delicacy of which she was
capable, she had been so foolish as to refuse him.  Her wilful
wrong-headedness had since been a grief to her many times, and of late
particularly.  As for Mr. Ollamoor, he had been absent almost as long as
Ned--she did not know where.  She would gladly marry Ned now if he were
to ask her again, and be a tender little wife to him till her life's end.

A tide of warm feeling must have surged through Ned Hipcroft's frame on
receipt of this news, if we may judge by the issue.  Unquestionably he
loved her still, even if not to the exclusion of every other happiness.
This from his Car'line, she who had been dead to him these many years,
alive to him again as of old, was in itself a pleasant, gratifying thing.
Ned had grown so resigned to, or satisfied with, his lonely lot, that he
probably would not have shown much jubilation at anything.  Still, a
certain ardour of preoccupation, after his first surprise, revealed how
deeply her confession of faith in him had stirred him.  Measured and
methodical in his ways, he did not answer the letter that day, nor the
next, nor the next.  He was having 'a good think.'  When he did answer
it, there was a great deal of sound reasoning mixed in with the
unmistakable tenderness of his reply; but the tenderness itself was
sufficient to reveal that he was pleased with her straightforward
frankness; that the anchorage she had once obtained in his heart was
renewable, if it had not been continuously firm.

He told her--and as he wrote his lips twitched humorously over the few
gentle words of raillery he indited among the rest of his sentences--that
it was all very well for her to come round at this time of day.  Why
wouldn't she have him when he wanted her?  She had no doubt learned that
he was not married, but suppose his affections had since been fixed on
another?  She ought to beg his pardon.  Still, he was not the man to
forget her.  But considering how he had been used, and what he had
suffered, she could not quite expect him to go down to Stickleford and
fetch her.  But if she would come to him, and say she was sorry, as was
only fair; why, yes, he would marry her, knowing what a good little woman
she was at the core.  He added that the request for her to come to him
was a less one to make than it would have been when he first left
Stickleford, or even a few months ago; for the new railway into South
Wessex was now open, and there had just begun to be run wonderfully
contrived special trains, called excursion-trains, on account of the
Great Exhibition; so that she could come up easily alone.

She said in her reply how good it was of him to treat her so generously,
after her hot and cold treatment of him; that though she felt frightened
at the magnitude of the journey, and was never as yet in a railway-train,
having only seen one pass at a distance, she embraced his offer with all
her heart; and would, indeed, own to him how sorry she was, and beg his
pardon, and try to be a good wife always, and make up for lost time.

The remaining details of when and where were soon settled, Car'line
informing him, for her ready identification in the crowd, that she would
be wearing 'my new sprigged-laylock cotton gown,' and Ned gaily
responding that, having married her the morning after her arrival, he
would make a day of it by taking her to the Exhibition.  One early summer
afternoon, accordingly, he came from his place of work, and hastened
towards Waterloo Station to meet her.  It was as wet and chilly as an
English June day can occasionally be, but as he waited on the platform in
the drizzle he glowed inwardly, and seemed to have something to live for

The 'excursion-train'--an absolutely new departure in the history of
travel--was still a novelty on the Wessex line, and probably everywhere.
Crowds of people had flocked to all the stations on the way up to witness
the unwonted sight of so long a train's passage, even where they did not
take advantage of the opportunity it offered.  The seats for the humbler
class of travellers in these early experiments in steam-locomotion, were
open trucks, without any protection whatever from the wind and rain; and
damp weather having set in with the afternoon, the unfortunate occupants
of these vehicles were, on the train drawing up at the London terminus,
found to be in a pitiable condition from their long journey; blue-faced,
stiff-necked, sneezing, rain-beaten, chilled to the marrow, many of the
men being hatless; in fact, they resembled people who had been out all
night in an open boat on a rough sea, rather than inland excursionists
for pleasure.  The women had in some degree protected themselves by
turning up the skirts of their gowns over their heads, but as by this
arrangement they were additionally exposed about the hips, they were all
more or less in a sorry plight.

In the bustle and crush of alighting forms of both sexes which followed
the entry of the huge concatenation into the station, Ned Hipcroft soon
discerned the slim little figure his eye was in search of, in the
sprigged lilac, as described.  She came up to him with a frightened
smile--still pretty, though so damp, weather-beaten, and shivering from
long exposure to the wind.

'O Ned!' she sputtered, 'I--I--'  He clasped her in his arms and kissed
her, whereupon she burst into a flood of tears.

'You are wet, my poor dear!  I hope you'll not get cold,' he said.  And
surveying her and her multifarious surrounding packages, he noticed that
by the hand she led a toddling child--a little girl of three or so--whose
hood was as clammy and tender face as blue as those of the other

'Who is this--somebody you know?' asked Ned curiously.

'Yes, Ned.  She's mine.'


'Yes--my own!'

'Your own child?'


'Well--as God's in--'

'Ned, I didn't name it in my letter, because, you see, it would have been
so hard to explain!  I thought that when we met I could tell you how she
happened to be born, so much better than in writing!  I hope you'll
excuse it this once, dear Ned, and not scold me, now I've come so many,
many miles!'

'This means Mr. Mop Ollamoor, I reckon!' said Hipcroft, gazing palely at
them from the distance of the yard or two to which he had withdrawn with
a start.

Car'line gasped.  'But he's been gone away for years!' she supplicated.
'And I never had a young man before!  And I was so onlucky to be catched
the first time, though some of the girls down there go on like anything!'

Ned remained in silence, pondering.

'You'll forgive me, dear Ned?' she added, beginning to sob outright.  'I
haven't taken 'ee in after all, because--because you can pack us back
again, if you want to; though 'tis hundreds o' miles, and so wet, and
night a-coming on, and I with no money!'

'What the devil can I do!' Hipcroft groaned.

A more pitiable picture than the pair of helpless creatures presented was
never seen on a rainy day, as they stood on the great, gaunt, puddled
platform, a whiff of drizzle blowing under the roof upon them now and
then; the pretty attire in which they had started from Stickleford in the
early morning bemuddled and sodden, weariness on their faces, and fear of
him in their eyes; for the child began to look as if she thought she too
had done some wrong, remaining in an appalled silence till the tears
rolled down her chubby cheeks.

'What's the matter, my little maid?' said Ned mechanically.

'I do want to go home!' she let out, in tones that told of a bursting
heart.  'And my totties be cold, an' I shan't have no bread an' butter no

'I don't know what to say to it all!' declared Ned, his own eye moist as
he turned and walked a few steps with his head down; then regarded them
again point blank.  From the child escaped troubled breaths and silently
welling tears.

'Want some bread and butter, do 'ee?' he said, with factitious hardness.


'Well, I daresay I can get 'ee a bit!  Naturally, you must want some.  And
you, too, for that matter, Car'line.'

'I do feel a little hungered.  But I can keep it off,' she murmured.

'Folk shouldn't do that,' he said gruffly. . . . 'There come along!' he
caught up the child, as he added, 'You must bide here to-night, anyhow, I
s'pose!  What can you do otherwise?  I'll get 'ee some tea and victuals;
and as for this job, I'm sure I don't know what to say!  This is the way

They pursued their way, without speaking, to Ned's lodgings, which were
not far off.  There he dried them and made them comfortable, and prepared
tea; they thankfully sat down.  The ready-made household of which he
suddenly found himself the head imparted a cosy aspect to his room, and a
paternal one to himself.  Presently he turned to the child and kissed her
now blooming cheeks; and, looking wistfully at Car'line, kissed her also.

'I don't see how I can send 'ee back all them miles,' he growled, 'now
you've come all the way o' purpose to join me.  But you must trust me,
Car'line, and show you've real faith in me.  Well, do you feel better
now, my little woman?'

The child nodded, her mouth being otherwise occupied.

'I did trust you, Ned, in coming; and I shall always!'

Thus, without any definite agreement to forgive her, he tacitly
acquiesced in the fate that Heaven had sent him; and on the day of their
marriage (which was not quite so soon as he had expected it could be, on
account of the time necessary for banns) he took her to the Exhibition
when they came back from church, as he had promised.  While standing near
a large mirror in one of the courts devoted to furniture, Car'line
started, for in the glass appeared the reflection of a form exactly
resembling Mop Ollamoor's--so exactly, that it seemed impossible to
believe anybody but that artist in person to be the original.  On passing
round the objects which hemmed in Ned, her, and the child from a direct
view, no Mop was to be seen.  Whether he were really in London or not at
that time was never known; and Car'line always stoutly denied that her
readiness to go and meet Ned in town arose from any rumour that Mop had
also gone thither; which denial there was no reasonable ground for

And then the year glided away, and the Exhibition folded itself up and
became a thing of the past.  The park trees that had been enclosed for
six months were again exposed to the winds and storms, and the sod grew
green anew.  Ned found that Car'line resolved herself into a very good
wife and companion, though she had made herself what is called cheap to
him; but in that she was like another domestic article, a cheap tea-pot,
which often brews better tea than a dear one.  One autumn Hipcroft found
himself with but little work to do, and a prospect of less for the
winter.  Both being country born and bred, they fancied they would like
to live again in their natural atmosphere.  It was accordingly decided
between them that they should leave the pent-up London lodging, and that
Ned should seek out employment near his native place, his wife and her
daughter staying with Car'line's father during the search for occupation
and an abode of their own.

Tinglings of pleasure pervaded Car'line's spasmodic little frame as she
journeyed down with Ned to the place she had left two or three years
before, in silence and under a cloud.  To return to where she had once
been despised, a smiling London wife with a distinct London accent, was a
triumph which the world did not witness every day.

The train did not stop at the petty roadside station that lay nearest to
Stickleford, and the trio went on to Casterbridge.  Ned thought it a good
opportunity to make a few preliminary inquiries for employment at
workshops in the borough where he had been known; and feeling cold from
her journey, and it being dry underfoot and only dusk as yet, with a moon
on the point of rising, Car'line and her little girl walked on toward
Stickleford, leaving Ned to follow at a quicker pace, and pick her up at
a certain half-way house, widely known as an inn.

The woman and child pursued the well-remembered way comfortably enough,
though they were both becoming wearied.  In the course of three miles
they had passed Heedless-William's Pond, the familiar landmark by Bloom's
End, and were drawing near the Quiet Woman Inn, a lone roadside hostel on
the lower verge of the Egdon Heath, since and for many years abolished.
In stepping up towards it Car'line heard more voices within than had
formerly been customary at such an hour, and she learned that an auction
of fat stock had been held near the spot that afternoon.  The child would
be the better for a rest as well as herself, she thought, and she

The guests and customers overflowed into the passage, and Car'line had no
sooner crossed the threshold than a man whom she remembered by sight came
forward with glass and mug in his hands towards a friend leaning against
the wall; but, seeing her, very gallantly offered her a drink of the
liquor, which was gin-and-beer hot, pouring her out a tumblerful and
saying, in a moment or two: 'Surely, 'tis little Car'line Aspent that
was--down at Stickleford?'

She assented, and, though she did not exactly want this beverage, she
drank it since it was offered, and her entertainer begged her to come in
farther and sit down.  Once within the room she found that all the
persons present were seated close against the walls, and there being a
chair vacant she did the same.  An explanation of their position occurred
the next moment.  In the opposite corner stood Mop, rosining his bow and
looking just the same as ever.  The company had cleared the middle of the
room for dancing, and they were about to dance again.  As she wore a veil
to keep off the wind she did not think he had recognized her, or could
possibly guess the identity of the child; and to her satisfied surprise
she found that she could confront him quite calmly--mistress of herself
in the dignity her London life had given her.  Before she had quite
emptied her glass the dance was called, the dancers formed in two lines,
the music sounded, and the figure began.

Then matters changed for Car'line.  A tremor quickened itself to life in
her, and her hand so shook that she could hardly set down her glass.  It
was not the dance nor the dancers, but the notes of that old violin which
thrilled the London wife, these having still all the witchery that she
had so well known of yore, and under which she had used to lose her power
of independent will.  How it all came back!  There was the fiddling
figure against the wall; the large, oily, mop-like head of him, and
beneath the mop the face with closed eyes.

After the first moments of paralyzed reverie the familiar tune in the
familiar rendering made her laugh and shed tears simultaneously.  Then a
man at the bottom of the dance, whose partner had dropped away, stretched
out his hand and beckoned to her to take the place.  She did not want to
dance; she entreated by signs to be left where she was, but she was
entreating of the tune and its player rather than of the dancing man.  The
saltatory tendency which the fiddler and his cunning instrument had ever
been able to start in her was seizing Car'line just as it had done in
earlier years, possibly assisted by the gin-and-beer hot.  Tired as she
was she grasped her little girl by the hand, and plunging in at the
bottom of the figure, whirled about with the rest.  She found that her
companions were mostly people of the neighbouring hamlets and
farms--Bloom's End, Mellstock, Lewgate, and elsewhere; and by degrees she
was recognized as she convulsively danced on, wishing that Mop would
cease and let her heart rest from the aching he caused, and her feet

After long and many minutes the dance ended, when she was urged to
fortify herself with more gin-and-beer; which she did, feeling very weak
and overpowered with hysteric emotion.  She refrained from unveiling, to
keep Mop in ignorance of her presence, if possible.  Several of the
guests having left, Car'line hastily wiped her lips and also turned to
go; but, according to the account of some who remained, at that very
moment a five-handed reel was proposed, in which two or three begged her
to join.

She declined on the plea of being tired and having to walk to
Stickleford, when Mop began aggressively tweedling 'My Fancy-Lad,' in D
major, as the air to which the reel was to be footed.  He must have
recognized her, though she did not know it, for it was the strain of all
seductive strains which she was least able to resist--the one he had
played when she was leaning over the bridge at the date of their first
acquaintance.  Car'line stepped despairingly into the middle of the room
with the other four.

Reels were resorted to hereabouts at this time by the more robust
spirits, for the reduction of superfluous energy which the ordinary
figure-dances were not powerful enough to exhaust.  As everybody knows,
or does not know, the five reelers stood in the form of a cross, the reel
being performed by each line of three alternately, the persons who
successively came to the middle place dancing in both directions.
Car'line soon found herself in this place, the axis of the whole
performance, and could not get out of it, the tune turning into the first
part without giving her opportunity.  And now she began to suspect that
Mop did know her, and was doing this on purpose, though whenever she
stole a glance at him his closed eyes betokened obliviousness to
everything outside his own brain.  She continued to wend her way through
the figure of 8 that was formed by her course, the fiddler introducing
into his notes the wild and agonizing sweetness of a living voice in one
too highly wrought; its pathos running high and running low in endless
variation, projecting through her nerves excruciating spasms, a sort of
blissful torture.  The room swam, the tune was endless; and in about a
quarter of an hour the only other woman in the figure dropped out
exhausted, and sank panting on a bench.

The reel instantly resolved itself into a four-handed one.  Car'line
would have given anything to leave off; but she had, or fancied she had,
no power, while Mop played such tunes; and thus another ten minutes
slipped by, a haze of dust now clouding the candles, the floor being of
stone, sanded.  Then another dancer fell out--one of the men--and went
into the passage, in a frantic search for liquor.  To turn the figure
into a three-handed reel was the work of a second, Mop modulating at the
same time into 'The Fairy Dance,' as better suited to the contracted
movement, and no less one of those foods of love which, as manufactured
by his bow, had always intoxicated her.

In a reel for three there was no rest whatever, and four or five minutes
were enough to make her remaining two partners, now thoroughly blown,
stamp their last bar and, like their predecessors, limp off into the next
room to get something to drink.  Car'line, half-stifled inside her veil,
was left dancing alone, the apartment now being empty of everybody save
herself, Mop, and their little girl.

She flung up the veil, and cast her eyes upon him, as if imploring him to
withdraw himself and his acoustic magnetism from the atmosphere.  Mop
opened one of his own orbs, as though for the first time, fixed it
peeringly upon her, and smiling dreamily, threw into his strains the
reserve of expression which he could not afford to waste on a big and
noisy dance.  Crowds of little chromatic subtleties, capable of drawing
tears from a statue, proceeded straightway from the ancient fiddle, as if
it were dying of the emotion which had been pent up within it ever since
its banishment from some Italian city where it first took shape and
sound.  There was that in the look of Mop's one dark eye which said: 'You
cannot leave off, dear, whether you would or no!' and it bred in her a
paroxysm of desperation that defied him to tire her down.

She thus continued to dance alone, defiantly as she thought, but in truth
slavishly and abjectly, subject to every wave of the melody, and probed
by the gimlet-like gaze of her fascinator's open eye; keeping up at the
same time a feeble smile in his face, as a feint to signify it was still
her own pleasure which led her on.  A terrified embarrassment as to what
she could say to him if she were to leave off, had its unrecognized share
in keeping her going.  The child, who was beginning to be distressed by
the strange situation, came up and said: 'Stop, mother, stop, and let's
go home!' as she seized Car'line's hand.

Suddenly Car'line sank staggering to the floor; and rolling over on her
face, prone she remained.  Mop's fiddle thereupon emitted an elfin shriek
of finality; stepping quickly down from the nine-gallon beer-cask which
had formed his rostrum, he went to the little girl, who disconsolately
bent over her mother.

The guests who had gone into the back-room for liquor and change of air,
hearing something unusual, trooped back hitherward, where they
endeavoured to revive poor, weak Car'line by blowing her with the bellows
and opening the window.  Ned, her husband, who had been detained in
Casterbridge, as aforesaid, came along the road at this juncture, and
hearing excited voices through the open casement, and to his great
surprise, the mention of his wife's name, he entered amid the rest upon
the scene.  Car'line was now in convulsions, weeping violently, and for a
long time nothing could be done with her.  While he was sending for a
cart to take her onward to Stickleford Hipcroft anxiously inquired how it
had all happened; and then the assembly explained that a fiddler formerly
known in the locality had lately revisited his old haunts, and had taken
upon himself without invitation to play that evening at the inn.

Ned demanded the fiddler's name, and they said Ollamoor.

'Ah!' exclaimed Ned, looking round him.  'Where is he, and where--where's
my little girl?'

Ollamoor had disappeared, and so had the child.  Hipcroft was in ordinary
a quiet and tractable fellow, but a determination which was to be feared
settled in his face now.  'Blast him!' he cried.  'I'll beat his skull in
for'n, if I swing for it to-morrow!'

He had rushed to the poker which lay on the hearth, and hastened down the
passage, the people following.  Outside the house, on the other side of
the highway, a mass of dark heath-land rose sullenly upward to its not
easily accessible interior, a ravined plateau, whereon jutted into the
sky, at the distance of a couple of miles, the fir-woods of Mistover
backed by the Yalbury coppices--a place of Dantesque gloom at this hour,
which would have afforded secure hiding for a battery of artillery, much
less a man and a child.

Some other men plunged thitherward with him, and more went along the
road.  They were gone about twenty minutes altogether, returning without
result to the inn.  Ned sat down in the settle, and clasped his forehead
with his hands.

'Well--what a fool the man is, and hev been all these years, if he thinks
the child his, as a' do seem to!' they whispered.  'And everybody else
knowing otherwise!'

'No, I don't think 'tis mine!' cried Ned hoarsely, as he looked up from
his hands.  'But she is mine, all the same!  Ha'n't I nussed her?  Ha'n't
I fed her and teached her?  Ha'n't I played wi' her?  O, little
Carry--gone with that rogue--gone!'

'You ha'n't lost your mis'ess, anyhow,' they said to console him.  'She's
throwed up the sperrits, and she is feeling better, and she's more to 'ee
than a child that isn't yours.'

'She isn't!  She's not so particular much to me, especially now she's
lost the little maid!  But Carry's everything!'

'Well, ver' like you'll find her to-morrow.'

'Ah--but shall I?  Yet he _can't_ hurt her--surely he can't!  Well--how's
Car'line now?  I am ready.  Is the cart here?'

She was lifted into the vehicle, and they sadly lumbered on toward
Stickleford.  Next day she was calmer; but the fits were still upon her;
and her will seemed shattered.  For the child she appeared to show
singularly little anxiety, though Ned was nearly distracted.  It was
nevertheless quite expected that the impish Mop would restore the lost
one after a freak of a day or two; but time went on, and neither he nor
she could be heard of, and Hipcroft murmured that perhaps he was
exercising upon her some unholy musical charm, as he had done upon
Car'line herself.  Weeks passed, and still they could obtain no clue
either to the fiddler's whereabouts or the girl's; and how he could have
induced her to go with him remained a mystery.

Then Ned, who had obtained only temporary employment in the
neighbourhood, took a sudden hatred toward his native district, and a
rumour reaching his ears through the police that a somewhat similar man
and child had been seen at a fair near London, he playing a violin, she
dancing on stilts, a new interest in the capital took possession of
Hipcroft with an intensity which would scarcely allow him time to pack
before returning thither.

He did not, however, find the lost one, though he made it the entire
business of his over-hours to stand about in by-streets in the hope of
discovering her, and would start up in the night, saying, 'That rascal's
torturing her to maintain him!'  To which his wife would answer
peevishly, 'Don't 'ee raft yourself so, Ned!  You prevent my getting a
bit o' rest!  He won't hurt her!' and fall asleep again.

That Carry and her father had emigrated to America was the general
opinion; Mop, no doubt, finding the girl a highly desirable companion
when he had trained her to keep him by her earnings as a dancer.  There,
for that matter, they may be performing in some capacity now, though he
must be an old scamp verging on threescore-and-ten, and she a woman of

May 1893,


The widely discussed possibility of an invasion of England through a
Channel tunnel has more than once recalled old Solomon Selby's story to
my mind.

The occasion on which I numbered myself among his audience was one
evening when he was sitting in the yawning chimney-corner of the
inn-kitchen, with some others who had gathered there, and I entered for
shelter from the rain.  Withdrawing the stem of his pipe from the dental
notch in which it habitually rested, he leaned back in the recess behind
him and smiled into the fire.  The smile was neither mirthful nor sad,
not precisely humorous nor altogether thoughtful.  We who knew him
recognized it in a moment: it was his narrative smile.  Breaking off our
few desultory remarks we drew up closer, and he thus began:--

'My father, as you mid know, was a shepherd all his life, and lived out
by the Cove four miles yonder, where I was born and lived likewise, till
I moved here shortly afore I was married.  The cottage that first knew me
stood on the top of the down, near the sea; there was no house within a
mile and a half of it; it was built o' purpose for the farm-shepherd, and
had no other use.  They tell me that it is now pulled down, but that you
can see where it stood by the mounds of earth and a few broken bricks
that are still lying about.  It was a bleak and dreary place in winter-
time, but in summer it was well enough, though the garden never came to
much, because we could not get up a good shelter for the vegetables and
currant bushes; and where there is much wind they don't thrive.

'Of all the years of my growing up the ones that bide clearest in my mind
were eighteen hundred and three, four, and five.  This was for two
reasons: I had just then grown to an age when a child's eyes and ears
take in and note down everything about him, and there was more at that
date to bear in mind than there ever has been since with me.  It was, as
I need hardly tell ye, the time after the first peace, when Bonaparte was
scheming his descent upon England.  He had crossed the great Alp
mountains, fought in Egypt, drubbed the Turks, the Austrians, and the
Proossians, and now thought he'd have a slap at us.  On the other side of
the Channel, scarce out of sight and hail of a man standing on our
English shore, the French army of a hundred and sixty thousand men and
fifteen thousand horses had been brought together from all parts, and
were drilling every day.  Bonaparte had been three years a-making his
preparations; and to ferry these soldiers and cannon and horses across he
had contrived a couple of thousand flat-bottomed boats.  These boats were
small things, but wonderfully built.  A good few of 'em were so made as
to have a little stable on board each for the two horses that were to
haul the cannon carried at the stern.  To get in order all these, and
other things required, he had assembled there five or six thousand
fellows that worked at trades--carpenters, blacksmiths, wheelwrights,
saddlers, and what not.  O 'twas a curious time!

'Every morning Neighbour Boney would muster his multitude of soldiers on
the beach, draw 'em up in line, practise 'em in the manoeuvre of
embarking, horses and all, till they could do it without a single hitch.
My father drove a flock of ewes up into Sussex that year, and as he went
along the drover's track over the high downs thereabout he could see this
drilling actually going on--the accoutrements of the rank and file
glittering in the sun like silver.  It was thought and always said by my
uncle Job, sergeant of foot (who used to know all about these matters),
that Bonaparte meant to cross with oars on a calm night.  The grand query
with us was, Where would my gentleman land?  Many of the common people
thought it would be at Dover; others, who knew how unlikely it was that
any skilful general would make a business of landing just where he was
expected, said he'd go either east into the River Thames, or west'ard to
some convenient place, most likely one of the little bays inside the Isle
of Portland, between the Beal and St. Alban's Head--and for choice the
three-quarter-round Cove, screened from every mortal eye, that seemed
made o' purpose, out by where we lived, and which I've climmed up with
two tubs of brandy across my shoulders on scores o' dark nights in my
younger days.  Some had heard that a part o' the French fleet would sail
right round Scotland, and come up the Channel to a suitable haven.
However, there was much doubt upon the matter; and no wonder, for after-
years proved that Bonaparte himself could hardly make up his mind upon
that great and very particular point, where to land.  His uncertainty
came about in this wise, that he could get no news as to where and how
our troops lay in waiting, and that his knowledge of possible places
where flat-bottomed boats might be quietly run ashore, and the men they
brought marshalled in order, was dim to the last degree.  Being
flat-bottomed, they didn't require a harbour for unshipping their cargo
of men, but a good shelving beach away from sight, and with a fair open
road toward London.  How the question posed that great Corsican tyrant
(as we used to call him), what pains he took to settle it, and, above
all, what a risk he ran on one particular night in trying to do so, were
known only to one man here and there; and certainly to no maker of
newspapers or printer of books, or my account o't would not have had so
many heads shaken over it as it has by gentry who only believe what they
see in printed lines.

'The flocks my father had charge of fed all about the downs near our
house, overlooking the sea and shore each way for miles.  In winter and
early spring father was up a deal at nights, watching and tending the
lambing.  Often he'd go to bed early, and turn out at twelve or one; and
on the other hand, he'd sometimes stay up till twelve or one, and then
turn in to bed.  As soon as I was old enough I used to help him, mostly
in the way of keeping an eye upon the ewes while he was gone home to
rest.  This is what I was doing in a particular month in either the year
four or five--I can't certainly fix which, but it was long before I was
took away from the sheepkeeping to be bound prentice to a trade.  Every
night at that time I was at the fold, about half a mile, or it may be a
little more, from our cottage, and no living thing at all with me but the
ewes and young lambs.  Afeard?  No; I was never afeard of being alone at
these times; for I had been reared in such an out-step place that the
lack o' human beings at night made me less fearful than the sight of 'em.
Directly I saw a man's shape after dark in a lonely place I was
frightened out of my senses.

'One day in that month we were surprised by a visit from my uncle Job,
the sergeant in the Sixty-first foot, then in camp on the downs above
King George's watering-place, several miles to the west yonder.  Uncle
Job dropped in about dusk, and went up with my father to the fold for an
hour or two.  Then he came home, had a drop to drink from the tub of
sperrits that the smugglers kept us in for housing their liquor when
they'd made a run, and for burning 'em off when there was danger.  After
that he stretched himself out on the settle to sleep.  I went to bed: at
one o'clock father came home, and waking me to go and take his place,
according to custom, went to bed himself.  On my way out of the house I
passed Uncle Job on the settle.  He opened his eyes, and upon my telling
him where I was going he said it was a shame that such a youngster as I
should go up there all alone; and when he had fastened up his stock and
waist-belt he set off along with me, taking a drop from the sperrit-tub
in a little flat bottle that stood in the corner-cupboard.

'By and by we drew up to the fold, saw that all was right, and then, to
keep ourselves warm, curled up in a heap of straw that lay inside the
thatched hurdles we had set up to break the stroke of the wind when there
was any.  To-night, however, there was none.  It was one of those very
still nights when, if you stand on the high hills anywhere within two or
three miles of the sea, you can hear the rise and fall of the tide along
the shore, coming and going every few moments like a sort of great snore
of the sleeping world.  Over the lower ground there was a bit of a mist,
but on the hill where we lay the air was clear, and the moon, then in her
last quarter, flung a fairly good light on the grass and scattered straw.

'While we lay there Uncle Job amused me by telling me strange stories of
the wars he had served in and the wownds he had got.  He had already
fought the French in the Low Countries, and hoped to fight 'em again.  His
stories lasted so long that at last I was hardly sure that I was not a
soldier myself, and had seen such service as he told of.  The wonders of
his tales quite bewildered my mind, till I fell asleep and dreamed of
battle, smoke, and flying soldiers, all of a kind with the doings he had
been bringing up to me.

'How long my nap lasted I am not prepared to say.  But some faint sounds
over and above the rustle of the ewes in the straw, the bleat of the
lambs, and the tinkle of the sheep-bell brought me to my waking senses.
Uncle Job was still beside me; but he too had fallen asleep.  I looked
out from the straw, and saw what it was that had aroused me.  Two men, in
boat-cloaks, cocked hats, and swords, stood by the hurdles about twenty
yards off.

'I turned my ear thitherward to catch what they were saying, but though I
heard every word o't, not one did I understand.  They spoke in a tongue
that was not ours--in French, as I afterward found.  But if I could not
gain the meaning of a word, I was shrewd boy enough to find out a deal of
the talkers' business.  By the light o' the moon I could see that one of
'em carried a roll of paper in his hand, while every moment he spoke
quick to his comrade, and pointed right and left with the other hand to
spots along the shore.  There was no doubt that he was explaining to the
second gentleman the shapes and features of the coast.  What happened
soon after made this still clearer to me.

'All this time I had not waked Uncle Job, but now I began to be afeared
that they might light upon us, because uncle breathed so heavily
through's nose.  I put my mouth to his ear and whispered, "Uncle Job."

'"What is it, my boy?" he said, just as if he hadn't been asleep at all.

'"Hush!" says I.  "Two French generals--"

'"French?" says he.

'"Yes," says I.  "Come to see where to land their army!"

'I pointed 'em out; but I could say no more, for the pair were coming at
that moment much nearer to where we lay.  As soon as they got as near as
eight or ten yards, the officer with a roll in his hand stooped down to a
slanting hurdle, unfastened his roll upon it, and spread it out.  Then
suddenly he sprung a dark lantern open on the paper, and showed it to be
a map.

'"What be they looking at?" I whispered to Uncle Job.

'"A chart of the Channel," says the sergeant (knowing about such things).

'The other French officer now stooped likewise, and over the map they had
a long consultation, as they pointed here and there on the paper, and
then hither and thither at places along the shore beneath us.  I noticed
that the manner of one officer was very respectful toward the other, who
seemed much his superior, the second in rank calling him by a sort of
title that I did not know the sense of.  The head one, on the other hand,
was quite familiar with his friend, and more than once clapped him on the

'Uncle Job had watched as well as I, but though the map had been in the
lantern-light, their faces had always been in shade.  But when they rose
from stooping over the chart the light flashed upward, and fell smart
upon one of 'em's features.  No sooner had this happened than Uncle Job
gasped, and sank down as if he'd been in a fit.

'"What is it--what is it, Uncle Job?" said I.

'"O good God!" says he, under the straw.

'"What?" says I.

'"Boney!" he groaned out.

'"Who?" says I.

'"Bonaparty," he said.  "The Corsican ogre.  O that I had got but my new-
flinted firelock, that there man should die!  But I haven't got my new-
flinted firelock, and that there man must live.  So lie low, as you value
your life!"

'I did lie low, as you mid suppose.  But I couldn't help peeping.  And
then I too, lad as I was, knew that it was the face of Bonaparte.  Not
know Boney?  I should think I did know Boney.  I should have known him by
half the light o' that lantern.  If I had seen a picture of his features
once, I had seen it a hundred times.  There was his bullet head, his
short neck, his round yaller cheeks and chin, his gloomy face, and his
great glowing eyes.  He took off his hat to blow himself a bit, and there
was the forelock in the middle of his forehead, as in all the draughts of
him.  In moving, his cloak fell a little open, and I could see for a
moment his white-fronted jacket and one of his epaulets.

'But none of this lasted long.  In a minute he and his general had rolled
up the map, shut the lantern, and turned to go down toward the shore.

'Then Uncle Job came to himself a bit.  "Slipped across in the night-time
to see how to put his men ashore," he said.  "The like o' that man's
coolness eyes will never again see!  Nephew, I must act in this, and
immediate, or England's lost!"

'When they were over the brow, we crope out, and went some little way to
look after them.  Half-way down they were joined by two others, and six
or seven minutes brought them to the shore.  Then, from behind a rock, a
boat came out into the weak moonlight of the Cove, and they jumped in; it
put off instantly, and vanished in a few minutes between the two rocks
that stand at the mouth of the Cove as we all know.  We climmed back to
where we had been before, and I could see, a little way out, a larger
vessel, though still not very large.  The little boat drew up alongside,
was made fast at the stern as I suppose, for the largest sailed away, and
we saw no more.

'My uncle Job told his officers as soon as he got back to camp; but what
they thought of it I never heard--neither did he.  Boney's army never
came, and a good job for me; for the Cove below my father's house was
where he meant to land, as this secret visit showed.  We coast-folk
should have been cut down one and all, and I should not have sat here to
tell this tale.'

We who listened to old Selby that night have been familiar with his
simple grave-stone for these ten years past.  Thanks to the incredulity
of the age his tale has been seldom repeated.  But if anything short of
the direct testimony of his own eyes could persuade an auditor that
Bonaparte had examined these shores for himself with a view to a
practicable landing-place, it would have been Solomon Selby's manner of
narrating the adventure which befell him on the down.

_Christmas_ 1882.


It is a Saturday afternoon of blue and yellow autumn time, and the scene
is the High Street of a well-known market-town.  A large carrier's van
stands in the quadrangular fore-court of the White Hart Inn, upon the
sides of its spacious tilt being painted, in weather-beaten letters:
'Burthen, Carrier to Longpuddle.'  These vans, so numerous hereabout, are
a respectable, if somewhat lumbering, class of conveyance, much resorted
to by decent travellers not overstocked with money, the better among them
roughly corresponding to the old French _diligences_.

The present one is timed to leave the town at four in the afternoon
precisely, and it is now half-past three by the clock in the turret at
the top of the street.  In a few seconds errand-boys from the shops begin
to arrive with packages, which they fling into the vehicle, and turn away
whistling, and care for the packages no more.  At twenty minutes to four
an elderly woman places her basket upon the shafts, slowly mounts, takes
up a seat inside, and folds her hands and her lips.  She has secured her
corner for the journey, though there is as yet no sign of a horse being
put in, nor of a carrier.  At the three-quarters, two other women arrive,
in whom the first recognizes the postmistress of Upper Longpuddle and the
registrar's wife, they recognizing her as the aged groceress of the same
village.  At five minutes to the hour there approach Mr. Profitt, the
schoolmaster, in a soft felt hat, and Christopher Twink, the
master-thatcher; and as the hour strikes there rapidly drop in the parish
clerk and his wife, the seedsman and his aged father, the registrar; also
Mr. Day, the world-ignored local landscape-painter, an elderly man who
resides in his native place, and has never sold a picture outside it,
though his pretensions to art have been nobly supported by his fellow-
villagers, whose confidence in his genius has been as remarkable as the
outer neglect of it, leading them to buy his paintings so extensively (at
the price of a few shillings each, it is true) that every dwelling in the
parish exhibits three or four of those admired productions on its walls.

Burthen, the carrier, is by this time seen bustling round the vehicle;
the horses are put in, the proprietor arranges the reins and springs up
into his seat as if he were used to it--which he is.

'Is everybody here?' he asks preparatorily over his shoulder to the
passengers within.

As those who were not there did not reply in the negative the muster was
assumed to be complete, and after a few hitches and hindrances the van
with its human freight was got under way.  It jogged on at an easy pace
till it reached the bridge which formed the last outpost of the town.  The
carrier pulled up suddenly.

'Bless my soul!' he said, 'I've forgot the curate!'

All who could do so gazed from the little back window of the van, but the
curate was not in sight.

'Now I wonder where that there man is?' continued the carrier.

'Poor man, he ought to have a living at his time of life.'

'And he ought to be punctual,' said the carrier.  '"Four o'clock sharp is
my time for starting," I said to 'en.  And he said, "I'll be there."  Now
he's not here, and as a serious old church-minister he ought to be as
good as his word.  Perhaps Mr. Flaxton knows, being in the same line of
life?'  He turned to the parish clerk.

'I was talking an immense deal with him, that's true, half an hour ago,'
replied that ecclesiastic, as one of whom it was no erroneous supposition
that he should be on intimate terms with another of the cloth.  'But he
didn't say he would be late.'

The discussion was cut off by the appearance round the corner of the van
of rays from the curate's spectacles, followed hastily by his face and a
few white whiskers, and the swinging tails of his long gaunt coat.  Nobody
reproached him, seeing how he was reproaching himself; and he entered
breathlessly and took his seat.

'Now be we all here?' said the carrier again.  They started a second
time, and moved on till they were about three hundred yards out of the
town, and had nearly reached the second bridge, behind which, as every
native remembers, the road takes a turn and travellers by this highway
disappear finally from the view of gazing burghers.

'Well, as I'm alive!' cried the postmistress from the interior of the
conveyance, peering through the little square back-window along the road

'What?' said the carrier.

'A man hailing us!'

Another sudden stoppage.  'Somebody else?' the carrier asked.

'Ay, sure!'  All waited silently, while those who could gaze out did so.

'Now, who can that be?' Burthen continued.  'I just put it to ye,
neighbours, can any man keep time with such hindrances?  Bain't we full
a'ready?  Who in the world can the man be?'

'He's a sort of gentleman,' said the schoolmaster, his position
commanding the road more comfortably than that of his comrades.

The stranger, who had been holding up his umbrella to attract their
notice, was walking forward leisurely enough, now that he found, by their
stopping, that it had been secured.  His clothes were decidedly not of a
local cut, though it was difficult to point out any particular mark of
difference.  In his left hand he carried a small leather travelling bag.
As soon as he had overtaken the van he glanced at the inscription on its
side, as if to assure himself that he had hailed the right conveyance,
and asked if they had room.

The carrier replied that though they were pretty well laden he supposed
they could carry one more, whereupon the stranger mounted, and took the
seat cleared for him within.  And then the horses made another move, this
time for good, and swung along with their burden of fourteen souls all

'You bain't one of these parts, sir?' said the carrier.  'I could tell
that as far as I could see 'ee.'

'Yes, I am one of these parts,' said the stranger.

'Oh?  H'm.'

The silence which followed seemed to imply a doubt of the truth of the
new-comer's assertion.  'I was speaking of Upper Longpuddle more
particular,' continued the carrier hardily, 'and I think I know most
faces of that valley.'

'I was born at Longpuddle, and nursed at Longpuddle, and my father and
grandfather before me,' said the passenger quietly.

'Why, to be sure,' said the aged groceress in the background, 'it isn't
John Lackland's son--never--it can't be--he who went to foreign parts
five-and-thirty years ago with his wife and family?  Yet--what do I
hear?--that's his father's voice!'

'That's the man,' replied the stranger.  'John Lackland was my father,
and I am John Lackland's son.  Five-and-thirty years ago, when I was a
boy of eleven, my parents emigrated across the seas, taking me and my
sister with them.  Kytes's boy Tony was the one who drove us and our
belongings to Casterbridge on the morning we left; and his was the last
Longpuddle face I saw.  We sailed the same week across the ocean, and
there we've been ever since, and there I've left those I went with--all

'Alive or dead?'

'Dead,' he replied in a low voice.  'And I have come back to the old
place, having nourished a thought--not a definite intention, but just a
thought--that I should like to return here in a year or two, to spend the
remainder of my days.'

'Married man, Mr. Lackland?'


'And have the world used 'ee well, sir--or rather John, knowing 'ee as a
child?  In these rich new countries that we hear of so much, you've got
rich with the rest?'

'I am not very rich,' Mr. Lackland said.  'Even in new countries, you
know, there are failures.  The race is not always to the swift, nor the
battle to the strong; and even if it sometimes is, you may be neither
swift nor strong.  However, that's enough about me.  Now, having answered
your inquiries, you must answer mine; for being in London, I have come
down here entirely to discover what Longpuddle is looking like, and who
are living there.  That was why I preferred a seat in your van to hiring
a carriage for driving across.'

'Well, as for Longpuddle, we rub on there much as usual.  Old figures
have dropped out o' their frames, so to speak it, and new ones have been
put in their places.  You mentioned Tony Kytes as having been the one to
drive your family and your goods to Casterbridge in his father's waggon
when you left.  Tony is, I believe, living still, but not at Longpuddle.
He went away and settled at Lewgate, near Mellstock, after his marriage.
Ah, Tony was a sort o' man!'

'His character had hardly come out when I knew him.'

'No.  But 'twas well enough, as far as that goes--except as to women.  I
shall never forget his courting--never!'

The returned villager waited silently, and the carrier went on:--


'I shall never forget Tony's face.  'Twas a little, round, firm, tight
face, with a seam here and there left by the smallpox, but not enough to
hurt his looks in a woman's eye, though he'd had it badish when he was a
boy.  So very serious looking and unsmiling 'a was, that young man, that
it really seemed as if he couldn't laugh at all without great pain to his
conscience.  He looked very hard at a small speck in your eye when
talking to 'ee.  And there was no more sign of a whisker or beard on Tony
Kytes's face than on the palm of my hand.  He used to sing "The Tailor's
Breeches" with a religious manner, as if it were a hymn:--

   '"O the petticoats went off, and the breeches they went on!"

and all the rest of the scandalous stuff.  He was quite the women's
favourite, and in return for their likings he loved 'em in shoals.

'But in course of time Tony got fixed down to one in particular, Milly
Richards, a nice, light, small, tender little thing; and it was soon said
that they were engaged to be married.  One Saturday he had been to market
to do business for his father, and was driving home the waggon in the
afternoon.  When he reached the foot of the very hill we shall be going
over in ten minutes who should he see waiting for him at the top but
Unity Sallet, a handsome girl, one of the young women he'd been very
tender toward before he'd got engaged to Milly.

'As soon as Tony came up to her she said, "My dear Tony, will you give me
a lift home?"

'"That I will, darling," said Tony.  "You don't suppose I could refuse

'She smiled a smile, and up she hopped, and on drove Tony.

'"Tony," she says, in a sort of tender chide, "why did ye desert me for
that other one?  In what is she better than I?  I should have made 'ee a
finer wife, and a more loving one too.  'Tisn't girls that are so easily
won at first that are the best.  Think how long we've known each
other--ever since we were children almost--now haven't we, Tony?"

'"Yes, that we have," says Tony, a-struck with the truth o't.

'"And you've never seen anything in me to complain of, have ye, Tony?  Now
tell the truth to me?"

'"I never have, upon my life," says Tony.

'"And--can you say I'm not pretty, Tony?  Now look at me!"

'He let his eyes light upon her for a long while.  "I really can't," says
he.  "In fact, I never knowed you was so pretty before!"

'"Prettier than she?"

'What Tony would have said to that nobody knows, for before he could
speak, what should he see ahead, over the hedge past the turning, but a
feather he knew well--the feather in Milly's hat--she to whom he had been
thinking of putting the question as to giving out the banns that very

'"Unity," says he, as mild as he could, "here's Milly coming.  Now I
shall catch it mightily if she sees 'ee riding here with me; and if you
get down she'll be turning the corner in a moment, and, seeing 'ee in the
road, she'll know we've been coming on together.  Now, dearest Unity,
will ye, to avoid all unpleasantness, which I know ye can't bear any more
than I, will ye lie down in the back part of the waggon, and let me cover
you over with the tarpaulin till Milly has passed?  It will all be done
in a minute.  Do!--and I'll think over what we've said; and perhaps I
shall put a loving question to you after all, instead of to Milly.
'Tisn't true that it is all settled between her and me."

'Well, Unity Sallet agreed, and lay down at the back end of the waggon,
and Tony covered her over, so that the waggon seemed to be empty but for
the loose tarpaulin; and then he drove on to meet Milly.

'"My dear Tony!" cries Milly, looking up with a little pout at him as he
came near.  "How long you've been coming home!  Just as if I didn't live
at Upper Longpuddle at all!  And I've come to meet you as you asked me to
do, and to ride back with you, and talk over our future home--since you
asked me, and I promised.  But I shouldn't have come else, Mr. Tony!"

'"Ay, my dear, I did ask ye--to be sure I did, now I think of it--but I
had quite forgot it.  To ride back with me, did you say, dear Milly?"

'"Well, of course!  What can I do else?  Surely you don't want me to
walk, now I've come all this way?"

'"O no, no!  I was thinking you might be going on to town to meet your
mother.  I saw her there--and she looked as if she might be expecting

'"O no; she's just home.  She came across the fields, and so got back
before you."

'"Ah!  I didn't know that," says Tony.  And there was no help for it but
to take her up beside him.

'They talked on very pleasantly, and looked at the trees, and beasts, and
birds, and insects, and at the ploughmen at work in the fields, till
presently who should they see looking out of the upper window of a house
that stood beside the road they were following, but Hannah Jolliver,
another young beauty of the place at that time, and the very first woman
that Tony had fallen in love with--before Milly and before Unity, in
fact--the one that he had almost arranged to marry instead of Milly.  She
was a much more dashing girl than Milly Richards, though he'd not thought
much of her of late.  The house Hannah was looking from was her aunt's.

'"My dear Milly--my coming wife, as I may call 'ee," says Tony in his
modest way, and not so loud that Unity could overhear, "I see a young
woman alooking out of window, who I think may accost me.  The fact is,
Milly, she had a notion that I was wishing to marry her, and since she's
discovered I've promised another, and a prettier than she, I'm rather
afeard of her temper if she sees us together.  Now, Milly, would you do
me a favour--my coming wife, as I may say?"

'"Certainly, dearest Tony," says she.

'"Then would ye creep under the empty sacks just here in the front of the
waggon, and hide there out of sight till we've passed the house?  She
hasn't seen us yet.  You see, we ought to live in peace and good-will
since 'tis almost Christmas, and 'twill prevent angry passions rising,
which we always should do."

'"I don't mind, to oblige you, Tony," Milly said; and though she didn't
care much about doing it, she crept under, and crouched down just behind
the seat, Unity being snug at the other end.  So they drove on till they
got near the road-side cottage.  Hannah had soon seen him coming, and
waited at the window, looking down upon him.  She tossed her head a
little disdainful and smiled off-hand.

'"Well, aren't you going to be civil enough to ask me to ride home with
you!" she says, seeing that he was for driving past with a nod and a

'"Ah, to be sure!  What was I thinking of?" said Tony, in a flutter.  "But
you seem as if you was staying at your aunt's?"

'"No, I am not," she said.  "Don't you see I have my bonnet and jacket
on?  I have only called to see her on my way home.  How can you be so
stupid, Tony?"

'"In that case--ah--of course you must come along wi' me," says Tony,
feeling a dim sort of sweat rising up inside his clothes.  And he reined
in the horse, and waited till she'd come downstairs, and then helped her
up beside him.  He drove on again, his face as long as a face that was a
round one by nature well could be.

'Hannah looked round sideways into his eyes.  "This is nice, isn't it,
Tony?" she says.  "I like riding with you."

'Tony looked back into her eyes.  "And I with you," he said after a
while.  In short, having considered her, he warmed up, and the more he
looked at her the more he liked her, till he couldn't for the life of him
think why he had ever said a word about marriage to Milly or Unity while
Hannah Jolliver was in question.  So they sat a little closer and closer,
their feet upon the foot-board and their shoulders touching, and Tony
thought over and over again how handsome Hannah was.  He spoke tenderer
and tenderer, and called her "dear Hannah" in a whisper at last.

'"You've settled it with Milly by this time, I suppose," said she.

'"N-no, not exactly."

'"What?  How low you talk, Tony."

'"Yes--I've a kind of hoarseness.  I said, not exactly."

'"I suppose you mean to?"

'"Well, as to that--"  His eyes rested on her face, and hers on his.  He
wondered how he could have been such a fool as not to follow up Hannah.
"My sweet Hannah!" he bursts out, taking her hand, not being really able
to help it, and forgetting Milly and Unity, and all the world besides.
"Settled it?  I don't think I have!"

'"Hark!" says Hannah.

'"What?" says Tony, letting go her hand.

'"Surely I heard a sort of little screaming squeak under those sacks?
Why, you've been carrying corn, and there's mice in this waggon, I
declare!"  She began to haul up the tails of her gown.

'"Oh no; 'tis the axle," said Tony in an assuring way.  "It do go like
that sometimes in dry weather."

'"Perhaps it was . . . Well, now, to be quite honest, dear Tony, do you
like her better than me?  Because--because, although I've held off so
independent, I'll own at last that I do like 'ee, Tony, to tell the
truth; and I wouldn't say no if you asked me--you know what."

'Tony was so won over by this pretty offering mood of a girl who had been
quite the reverse (Hannah had a backward way with her at times, if you
can mind) that he just glanced behind, and then whispered very soft, "I
haven't quite promised her, and I think I can get out of it, and ask you
that question you speak of."

'"Throw over Milly?--all to marry me!  How delightful!" broke out Hannah,
quite loud, clapping her hands.

'At this there was a real squeak--an angry, spiteful squeak, and
afterward a long moan, as if something had broke its heart, and a
movement of the empty sacks.

'"Something's there!" said Hannah, starting up.

'"It's nothing, really," says Tony in a soothing voice, and praying
inwardly for a way out of this.  "I wouldn't tell 'ee at first, because I
wouldn't frighten 'ee.  But, Hannah, I've really a couple of ferrets in a
bag under there, for rabbiting, and they quarrel sometimes.  I don't wish
it knowed, as 'twould be called poaching.  Oh, they can't get out, bless
ye--you are quite safe!  And--and--what a fine day it is, isn't it,
Hannah, for this time of year?  Be you going to market next Saturday?  How
is your aunt now?"  And so on, says Tony, to keep her from talking any
more about love in Milly's hearing.

'But he found his work cut out for him, and wondering again how he should
get out of this ticklish business, he looked about for a chance.  Nearing
home he saw his father in a field not far off, holding up his hand as if
he wished to speak to Tony.

'"Would you mind taking the reins a moment, Hannah," he said, much
relieved, "while I go and find out what father wants?"

'She consented, and away he hastened into the field, only too glad to get
breathing time.  He found that his father was looking at him with rather
a stern eye.

'"Come, come, Tony," says old Mr. Kytes, as soon as his son was alongside
him, "this won't do, you know."

'"What?" says Tony.

'"Why, if you mean to marry Milly Richards, do it, and there's an end
o't.  But don't go driving about the country with Jolliver's daughter and
making a scandal.  I won't have such things done."

'"I only asked her--that is, she asked me, to ride home."

'"She?  Why, now, if it had been Milly, 'twould have been quite proper;
but you and Hannah Jolliver going about by yourselves--"

'"Milly's there too, father."

'"Milly?  Where?"

'"Under the corn-sacks!  Yes, the truth is, father, I've got rather into
a nunny-watch, I'm afeard!  Unity Sallet is there too--yes, at the other
end, under the tarpaulin.  All three are in that waggon, and what to do
with 'em I know no more than the dead!  The best plan is, as I'm
thinking, to speak out loud and plain to one of 'em before the rest, and
that will settle it; not but what 'twill cause 'em to kick up a bit of a
miff, for certain.  Now which would you marry, father, if you was in my

'"Whichever of 'em did _not_ ask to ride with thee."

'"That was Milly, I'm bound to say, as she only mounted by my invitation.
But Milly--"

"Then stick to Milly, she's the best . . . But look at that!"

'His father pointed toward the waggon.  "She can't hold that horse in.
You shouldn't have left the reins in her hands.  Run on and take the
horse's head, or there'll be some accident to them maids!"

'Tony's horse, in fact, in spite of Hannah's tugging at the reins, had
started on his way at a brisk walking pace, being very anxious to get
back to the stable, for he had had a long day out.  Without another word
Tony rushed away from his father to overtake the horse.

'Now of all things that could have happened to wean him from Milly there
was nothing so powerful as his father's recommending her.  No; it could
not be Milly, after all.  Hannah must be the one, since he could not
marry all three.  This he thought while running after the waggon.  But
queer things were happening inside it.

'It was, of course, Milly who had screamed under the sack-bags, being
obliged to let off her bitter rage and shame in that way at what Tony was
saying, and never daring to show, for very pride and dread o' being
laughed at, that she was in hiding.  She became more and more restless,
and in twisting herself about, what did she see but another woman's foot
and white stocking close to her head.  It quite frightened her, not
knowing that Unity Sallet was in the waggon likewise.  But after the
fright was over she determined to get to the bottom of all this, and she
crept arid crept along the bed of the waggon, under the tarpaulin, like a
snake, when lo and behold she came face to face with Unity.

'"Well, if this isn't disgraceful!" says Milly in a raging whisper to

'"'Tis," says Unity, "to see you hiding in a young man's waggon like
this, and no great character belonging to either of ye!"

'"Mind what you are saying!" replied Milly, getting louder.  "I am
engaged to be married to him, and haven't I a right to be here?  What
right have you, I should like to know?  What has he been promising you?  A
pretty lot of nonsense, I expect!  But what Tony says to other women is
all mere wind, and no concern to me!"

'"Don't you be too sure!" says Unity.  "He's going to have Hannah, and
not you, nor me either; I could hear that."

'Now at these strange voices sounding from under the cloth Hannah was
thunderstruck a'most into a swound; and it was just at this time that the
horse moved on.  Hannah tugged away wildly, not knowing what she was
doing; and as the quarrel rose louder and louder Hannah got so horrified
that she let go the reins altogether.  The horse went on at his own pace,
and coming to the corner where we turn round to drop down the hill to
Lower Longpuddle he turned too quick, the off wheels went up the bank,
the waggon rose sideways till it was quite on edge upon the near axles,
and out rolled the three maidens into the road in a heap.

'When Tony came up, frightened and breathless, he was relieved enough to
see that neither of his darlings was hurt, beyond a few scratches from
the brambles of the hedge.  But he was rather alarmed when he heard how
they were going on at one another.

'"Don't ye quarrel, my dears--don't ye!" says he, taking off his hat out
of respect to 'em.  And then he would have kissed them all round, as fair
and square as a man could, but they were in too much of a taking to let
him, and screeched and sobbed till they was quite spent.

'"Now I'll speak out honest, because I ought to," says Tony, as soon as
he could get heard.  "And this is the truth," says he.  "I've asked
Hannah to be mine, and she is willing, and we are going to put up the
banns next--"

'Tony had not noticed that Hannah's father was coming up behind, nor had
he noticed that Hannah's face was beginning to bleed from the scratch of
a bramble.  Hannah had seen her father, and had run to him, crying worse
than ever.

'"My daughter is _not_ willing, sir!" says Mr. Jolliver hot and strong.
"Be you willing, Hannah?  I ask ye to have spirit enough to refuse him,
if yer virtue is left to 'ee and you run no risk?"

'"She's as sound as a bell for me, that I'll swear!" says Tony, flaring
up.  "And so's the others, come to that, though you may think it an
onusual thing in me!"

'"I have spirit, and I do refuse him!" says Hannah, partly because her
father was there, and partly, too, in a tantrum because of the discovery,
and the scratch on her face.  "Little did I think when I was so soft with
him just now that I was talking to such a false deceiver!"

'"What, you won't have me, Hannah?" says Tony, his jaw hanging down like
a dead man's.

'"Never--I would sooner marry no--nobody at all!" she gasped out, though
with her heart in her throat, for she would not have refused Tony if he
had asked her quietly, and her father had not been there, and her face
had not been scratched by the bramble.  And having said that, away she
walked upon her father's arm, thinking and hoping he would ask her again.

'Tony didn't know what to say next.  Milly was sobbing her heart out; but
as his father had strongly recommended her he couldn't feel inclined that
way.  So he turned to Unity.

'"Well, will you, Unity dear, be mine?" he says.

'"Take her leavings?  Not I!" says Unity.  "I'd scorn it!"  And away
walks Unity Sallet likewise, though she looked back when she'd gone some
way, to see if he was following her.

'So there at last were left Milly and Tony by themselves, she crying in
watery streams, and Tony looking like a tree struck by lightning.

'"Well, Milly," he says at last, going up to her, "it do seem as if fate
had ordained that it should be you and I, or nobody.  And what must be
must be, I suppose.  Hey, Milly?"

'"If you like, Tony.  You didn't really mean what you said to them?"

'"Not a word of it!" declares Tony, bringing down his fist upon his palm.

'And then he kissed her, and put the waggon to rights, and they mounted
together; and their banns were put up the very next Sunday.  I was not
able to go to their wedding, but it was a rare party they had, by all
account.  Everybody in Longpuddle was there almost; you among the rest, I
think, Mr. Flaxton?'  The speaker turned to the parish clerk.

'I was,' said Mr. Flaxton.  'And that party was the cause of a very
curious change in some other people's affairs; I mean in Steve Hardcome's
and his cousin James's.'

'Ah! the Hardcomes,' said the stranger.  'How familiar that name is to
me!  What of them?'

The clerk cleared his throat and began:--


'Yes, Tony's was the very best wedding-randy that ever I was at; and I've
been at a good many, as you may suppose'--turning to the newly-arrived
one--'having as a church-officer, the privilege to attend all
christening, wedding, and funeral parties--such being our Wessex custom.

''Twas on a frosty night in Christmas week, and among the folk invited
were the said Hardcomes o' Climmerston--Steve and James--first cousins,
both of them small farmers, just entering into business on their own
account.  With them came, as a matter of course, their intended wives,
two young women of the neighbourhood, both very pretty and sprightly
maidens, and numbers of friends from Abbot's-Cernel, and Weatherbury, and
Mellstock, and I don't know where--a regular houseful.

'The kitchen was cleared of furniture for dancing, and the old folk
played at "Put" and "All-fours" in the parlour, though at last they gave
that up to join in the dance.  The top of the figure was by the large
front window of the room, and there were so many couples that the lower
part of the figure reached through the door at the back, and into the
darkness of the out-house; in fact, you couldn't see the end of the row
at all, and 'twas never known exactly how long that dance was, the lowest
couples being lost among the faggots and brushwood in the out-house.

'When we had danced a few hours, and the crowns of we taller men were
swelling into lumps with bumping the beams of the ceiling, the first
fiddler laid down his fiddle-bow, and said he should play no more, for he
wished to dance.  And in another hour the second fiddler laid down his,
and said he wanted to dance too; so there was only the third fiddler
left, and he was a' old, veteran man, very weak in the wrist.  However,
he managed to keep up a faltering tweedle-dee; but there being no chair
in the room, and his knees being as weak as his wrists, he was obliged to
sit upon as much of the little corner-table as projected beyond the
corner-cupboard fixed over it, which was not a very wide seat for a man
advanced in years.

'Among those who danced most continually were the two engaged couples, as
was natural to their situation.  Each pair was very well matched, and
very unlike the other.  James Hardcome's intended was called Emily Darth,
and both she and James were gentle, nice-minded, in-door people, fond of
a quiet life.  Steve and his chosen, named Olive Pawle, were different;
they were of a more bustling nature, fond of racketing about and seeing
what was going on in the world.  The two couples had arranged to get
married on the same day, and that not long thence; Tony's wedding being a
sort of stimulant, as is often the case; I've noticed it professionally
many times.

'They danced with such a will as only young people in that stage of
courtship can dance; and it happened that as the evening wore on James
had for his partner Stephen's plighted one, Olive, at the same time that
Stephen was dancing with James's Emily.  It was noticed that in spite o'
the exchange the young men seemed to enjoy the dance no less than before.
By and by they were treading another tune in the same changed order as we
had noticed earlier, and though at first each one had held the other's
mistress strictly at half-arm's length, lest there should be shown any
objection to too close quarters by the lady's proper man, as time passed
there was a little more closeness between 'em; and presently a little
more closeness still.

'The later it got the more did each of the two cousins dance with the
wrong young girl, and the tighter did he hold her to his side as he
whirled her round; and, what was very remarkable, neither seemed to mind
what the other was doing.  The party began to draw towards its end, and I
saw no more that night, being one of the first to leave, on account of my
morning's business.  But I learnt the rest of it from those that knew.

'After finishing a particularly warming dance with the changed partners,
as I've mentioned, the two young men looked at one another, and in a
moment or two went out into the porch together.

'"James," says Steve, "what were you thinking of when you were dancing
with my Olive?"

'"Well," said James, "perhaps what you were thinking of when you were
dancing with my Emily."

'"I was thinking," said Steve, with some hesitation, "that I wouldn't
mind changing for good and all!"

'"It was what I was feeling likewise," said James.

'"I willingly agree to it, if you think we could manage it."

'"So do I.  But what would the girls say?"

'"'Tis my belief," said Steve, "that they wouldn't particularly object.
Your Emily clung as close to me as if she already belonged to me, dear

'"And your Olive to me," says James.  "I could feel her heart beating
like a clock."

'Well, they agreed to put it to the girls when they were all four walking
home together.  And they did so.  When they parted that night the
exchange was decided on--all having been done under the hot excitement of
that evening's dancing.  Thus it happened that on the following Sunday
morning, when the people were sitting in church with mouths wide open to
hear the names published as they had expected, there was no small
amazement to hear them coupled the wrong way, as it seemed.  The
congregation whispered, and thought the parson had made a mistake; till
they discovered that his reading of the names was verily the true way.  As
they had decided, so they were married, each one to the other's original

'Well, the two couples lived on for a year or two ordinarily enough, till
the time came when these young people began to grow a little less warm to
their respective spouses, as is the rule of married life; and the two
cousins wondered more and more in their hearts what had made 'em so mad
at the last moment to marry crosswise as they did, when they might have
married straight, as was planned by nature, and as they had fallen in
love.  'Twas Tony's party that had done _it_, plain enough, and they half
wished they had never gone there.  James, being a quiet, fireside,
perusing man, felt at times a wide gap between himself and Olive, his
wife, who loved riding and driving and out--door jaunts to a degree;
while Steve, who was always knocking about hither and thither, had a very
domestic wife, who worked samplers, and made hearthrugs, scarcely ever
wished to cross the threshold, and only drove out with him to please him.

'However, they said very little about this mismating to any of their
acquaintances, though sometimes Steve would look at James's wife and
sigh, and James would look at Steve's wife and do the same.  Indeed, at
last the two men were frank enough towards each other not to mind
mentioning it quietly to themselves, in a long-faced, sorry-smiling,
whimsical sort of way, and would shake their heads together over their
foolishness in upsetting a well-considered choice on the strength of an
hour's fancy in the whirl and wildness of a dance.  Still, they were
sensible and honest young fellows enough, and did their best to make
shift with their lot as they had arranged it, and not to repine at what
could not now be altered or mended.

'So things remained till one fine summer day they went for their yearly
little outing together, as they had made it their custom to do for a long
while past.  This year they chose Budmouth-Regis as the place to spend
their holiday in; and off they went in their best clothes at nine o'clock
in the morning.

'When they had reached Budmouth-Regis they walked two and two along the
shore--their new boots going squeakity-squash upon the clammy velvet
sands.  I can seem to see 'em now!  Then they looked at the ships in the
harbour; and then went up to the Look-out; and then had dinner at an inn;
and then again walked two and two, squeakity-squash, upon the velvet
sands.  As evening drew on they sat on one of the public seats upon the
Esplanade, and listened to the band; and then they said "What shall we do

'"Of all things," said Olive (Mrs. James Hardcome, that is), "I should
like to row in the bay!  We could listen to the music from the water as
well as from here, and have the fun of rowing besides."

'"The very thing; so should I," says Stephen, his tastes being always
like hers.

Here the clerk turned to the curate.

'But you, sir, know the rest of the strange particulars of that strange
evening of their lives better than anybody else, having had much of it
from their own lips, which I had not; and perhaps you'll oblige the

'Certainly, if it is wished,' said the curate.  And he took up the
clerk's tale:--

* * * * *

'Stephen's wife hated the sea, except from land, and couldn't bear the
thought of going into a boat.  James, too, disliked the water, and said
that for his part he would much sooner stay on and listen to the band in
the seat they occupied, though he did not wish to stand in his wife's way
if she desired a row.  The end of the discussion was that James and his
cousin's wife Emily agreed to remain where they were sitting and enjoy
the music, while they watched the other two hire a boat just beneath, and
take their water-excursion of half an hour or so, till they should choose
to come back and join the sitters on the Esplanade; when they would all
start homeward together.

'Nothing could have pleased the other two restless ones better than this
arrangement; and Emily and James watched them go down to the boatman
below and choose one of the little yellow skiffs, and walk carefully out
upon the little plank that was laid on trestles to enable them to get
alongside the craft.  They saw Stephen hand Olive in, and take his seat
facing her; when they were settled they waved their hands to the couple
watching them, and then Stephen took the pair of sculls and pulled off to
the tune beat by the band, she steering through the other boats skimming
about, for the sea was as smooth as glass that evening, and
pleasure-seekers were rowing everywhere.

'"How pretty they look moving on, don't they?" said Emily to James (as
I've been assured).  "They both enjoy it equally.  In everything their
likings are the same."

'"That's true," said James.

'"They would have made a handsome pair if they had married," said she.

'"Yes," said he.  "'Tis a pity we should have parted 'em"

'"Don't talk of that, James," said she.  "For better or for worse we
decided to do as we did, and there's an end of it."

'They sat on after that without speaking, side by side, and the band
played as before; the people strolled up and down; and Stephen and Olive
shrank smaller and smaller as they shot straight out to sea.  The two on
shore used to relate how they saw Stephen stop rowing a moment, and take
off his coat to get at his work better; but James's wife sat quite still
in the stern, holding the tiller-ropes by which she steered the boat.
When they had got very small indeed she turned her head to shore.

'"She is waving her handkerchief to us," said Stephen's wife, who
thereupon pulled out her own, and waved it as a return signal.

'The boat's course had been a little awry while Mrs. James neglected her
steering to wave her handkerchief to her husband and Mrs. Stephen; but
now the light skiff went straight onward again, and they could soon see
nothing more of the two figures it contained than Olive's light mantle
and Stephen's white shirt sleeves behind.

'The two on the shore talked on.  "'Twas very curious--our changing
partners at Tony Kytes's wedding," Emily declared.  "Tony was of a fickle
nature by all account, and it really seemed as if his character had
infected us that night.  Which of you two was it that first proposed not
to marry as we were engaged?"

'"H'm--I can't remember at this moment," says James.  "We talked it over,
you know; and no sooner said than done."

'"'Twas the dancing," said she.  "People get quite crazy sometimes in a

'"They do," he owned.

'"James--do you think they care for one another still?" asks Mrs.

'James Hardcome mused and admitted that perhaps a little tender feeling
might flicker up in their hearts for a moment now and then.  "Still,
nothing of any account," he said.

'"I sometimes think that Olive is in Steve's mind a good deal," murmurs
Mrs. Stephen; "particularly when she pleases his fancy by riding past our
window at a gallop on one of the draught-horses . . . I never could do
anything of that sort; I could never get over my fear of a horse."

'"And I am no horseman, though I pretend to be on her account," murmured
James Hardcome.  "But isn't it almost time for them to turn and sweep
round to the shore, as the other boating folk have done?  I wonder what
Olive means by steering away straight to the horizon like that?  She has
hardly swerved from a direct line seaward since they started."

'"No doubt they are talking, and don't think of where they are going,"
suggests Stephen's wife.

'"Perhaps so," said James.  "I didn't know Steve could row like that."

'"O yes," says she.  "He often comes here on business, and generally has
a pull round the bay."

'"I can hardly see the boat or them," says James again; "and it is
getting dark."

'The heedless pair afloat now formed a mere speck in the films of the
coming night, which thickened apace, till it completely swallowed up
their distant shapes.  They had disappeared while still following the
same straight course away from the world of land-livers, as if they were
intending to drop over the sea-edge into space, and never return to earth

'The two on the shore continued to sit on, punctually abiding by their
agreement to remain on the same spot till the others returned.  The
Esplanade lamps were lit one by one, the bandsmen folded up their stands
and departed, the yachts in the bay hung out their riding lights, and the
little boats came back to shore one after another, their hirers walking
on to the sands by the plank they had climbed to go afloat; but among
these Stephen and Olive did not appear.

'"What a time they are!" said Emily.  "I am getting quite chilly.  I did
not expect to have to sit so long in the evening air."

'Thereupon James Hardcome said that he did not require his overcoat, and
insisted on lending it to her.

'He wrapped it round Emily's shoulders.

'"Thank you, James," she said.  "How cold Olive must be in that thin

'He said he was thinking so too.  "Well, they are sure to be quite close
at hand by this time, though we can't see 'em.  The boats are not all in
yet.  Some of the rowers are fond of paddling along the shore to finish
out their hour of hiring."

'"Shall we walk by the edge of the water," said she, "to see if we can
discover them?"

'He assented, reminding her that they must not lose sight of the seat,
lest the belated pair should return and miss them, and be vexed that they
had not kept the appointment.

'They walked a sentry beat up and down the sands immediately opposite the
seat; and still the others did not come.  James Hardcome at last went to
the boatman, thinking that after all his wife and cousin might have come
in under shadow of the dusk without being perceived, and might have
forgotten the appointment at the bench.

'"All in?" asked James.

'"All but one boat," said the lessor.  "I can't think where that couple
is keeping to.  They might run foul of something or other in the dark."

'Again Stephen's wife and Olive's husband waited, with more and more
anxiety.  But no little yellow boat returned.  Was it possible they could
have landed further down the Esplanade?

'"It may have been done to escape paying," said the boat-owner.  "But
they didn't look like people who would do that."

'James Hardcome knew that he could found no hope on such a reason as
that.  But now, remembering what had been casually discussed between
Steve and himself about their wives from time to time, he admitted for
the first time the possibility that their old tenderness had been revived
by their face-to-face position more strongly than either had anticipated
at starting--the excursion having been so obviously undertaken for the
pleasure of the performance only,--and that they had landed at some steps
he knew of further down toward the pier, to be longer alone together.

'Still he disliked to harbour the thought, and would not mention its
existence to his companion.  He merely said to her, "Let us walk further

'They did so, and lingered between the boat-stage and the pier till
Stephen Hardcome's wife was uneasy, and was obliged to accept James's
offered arm.  Thus the night advanced.  Emily was presently so worn out
by fatigue that James felt it necessary to conduct her home; there was,
too, a remote chance that the truants had landed in the harbour on the
other side of the town, or elsewhere, and hastened home in some
unexpected way, in the belief that their consorts would not have waited
so long.

'However, he left a direction in the town that a lookout should be kept,
though this was arranged privately, the bare possibility of an elopement
being enough to make him reticent; and, full of misgivings, the two
remaining ones hastened to catch the last train out of Budmouth-Regis;
and when they got to Casterbridge drove back to Upper Longpuddle.'

'Along this very road as we do now,' remarked the parish clerk.

'To be sure--along this very road,' said the curate.  'However, Stephen
and Olive were not at their homes; neither had entered the village since
leaving it in the morning.  Emily and James Hardcome went to their
respective dwellings to snatch a hasty night's rest, and at daylight the
next morning they drove again to Casterbridge and entered the Budmouth
train, the line being just opened.

'Nothing had been heard of the couple there during this brief absence.  In
the course of a few hours some young men testified to having seen such a
man and woman rowing in a frail hired craft, the head of the boat kept
straight to sea; they had sat looking in each other's faces as if they
were in a dream, with no consciousness of what they were doing, or
whither they were steering.  It was not till late that day that more
tidings reached James's ears.  The boat had been found drifting bottom
upward a long way from land.  In the evening the sea rose somewhat, and a
cry spread through the town that two bodies were cast ashore in Lullstead
Bay, several miles to the eastward.  They were brought to Budmouth, and
inspection revealed them to be the missing pair.  It was said that they
had been found tightly locked in each other's arms, his lips upon hers,
their features still wrapt in the same calm and dream-like repose which
had been observed in their demeanour as they had glided along.

'Neither James nor Emily questioned the original motives of the
unfortunate man and woman in putting to sea.  They were both above
suspicion as to intention.  Whatever their mutual feelings might have led
them on to, underhand behaviour was foreign to the nature of either.
Conjecture pictured that they might have fallen into tender reverie while
gazing each into a pair of eyes that had formerly flashed for him and her
alone, and, unwilling to avow what their mutual sentiments were, they had
continued thus, oblivious of time and space, till darkness suddenly
overtook them far from land.  But nothing was truly known.  It had been
their destiny to die thus.  The two halves, intended by Nature to make
the perfect whole, had failed in that result during their lives, though
"in their death they were not divided."  Their bodies were brought home,
and buried on one day.  I remember that, on looking round the churchyard
while reading the service, I observed nearly all the parish at their

'It was so, sir,' said the clerk.

'The remaining two,' continued the curate (whose voice had grown husky
while relating the lovers' sad fate), 'were a more thoughtful and far-
seeing, though less romantic, couple than the first.  They were now
mutually bereft of a companion, and found themselves by this accident in
a position to fulfil their destiny according to Nature's plan and their
own original and calmly-formed intention.  James Hardcome took Emily to
wife in the course of a year and a half; and the marriage proved in every
respect a happy one.  I solemnized the service, Hardcome having told me,
when he came to give notice of the proposed wedding, the story of his
first wife's loss almost word for word as I have told it to you.'

'And are they living in Longpuddle still?' asked the new-comer.

'O no, sir,' interposed the clerk.  'James has been dead these dozen
years, and his mis'ess about six or seven.  They had no children.  William
Privett used to be their odd man till he died.'

'Ah--William Privett!  He dead too?--dear me!' said the other.  'All
passed away!'

'Yes, sir.  William was much older than I.  He'd ha' been over eighty if
he had lived till now.'

'There was something very strange about William's death--very strange
indeed!' sighed a melancholy man in the back of the van.  It was the
seedsman's father, who had hitherto kept silence.

'And what might that have been?' asked Mr. Lackland.


'William, as you may know, was a curious, silent man; you could feel when
he came near 'ee; and if he was in the house or anywhere behind your back
without your seeing him, there seemed to be something clammy in the air,
as if a cellar door was opened close by your elbow.  Well, one Sunday, at
a time that William was in very good health to all appearance, the bell
that was ringing for church went very heavy all of a sudden; the sexton,
who told me o't, said he'd not known the bell go so heavy in his hand for
years--it was just as if the gudgeons wanted oiling.  That was on the
Sunday, as I say.  During the week after, it chanced that William's wife
was staying up late one night to finish her ironing, she doing the
washing for Mr. and Mrs. Hardcome.  Her husband had finished his supper
and gone to bed as usual some hour or two before.  While she ironed she
heard him coming down stairs; he stopped to put on his boots at the stair-
foot, where he always left them, and then came on into the living-room
where she was ironing, passing through it towards the door, this being
the only way from the staircase to the outside of the house.  No word was
said on either side, William not being a man given to much speaking, and
his wife being occupied with her work.  He went out and closed the door
behind him.  As her husband had now and then gone out in this way at
night before when unwell, or unable to sleep for want of a pipe, she took
no particular notice, and continued at her ironing.  This she finished
shortly after, and as he had not come in she waited awhile for him,
putting away the irons and things, and preparing the table for his
breakfast in the morning.  Still he did not return, but supposing him not
far off, and wanting to get to bed herself, tired as she was, she left
the door unbarred and went to the stairs, after writing on the back of
the door with chalk: _Mind and do the door_ (because he was a forgetful

'To her great surprise, and I might say alarm, on reaching the foot of
the stairs his boots were standing there as they always stood when he had
gone to rest; going up to their chamber she found him in bed sleeping as
sound as a rock.  How he could have got back again without her seeing or
hearing him was beyond her comprehension.  It could only have been by
passing behind her very quietly while she was bumping with the iron.  But
this notion did not satisfy her: it was surely impossible that she should
not have seen him come in through a room so small.  She could not unravel
the mystery, and felt very queer and uncomfortable about it.  However,
she would not disturb him to question him then, and went to bed herself.

'He rose and left for his work very early the next morning, before she
was awake, and she waited his return to breakfast with much anxiety for
an explanation, for thinking over the matter by daylight made it seem
only the more startling.  When he came in to the meal he said, before she
could put her question, "What's the meaning of them words chalked on the

'She told him, and asked him about his going out the night before.
William declared that he had never left the bedroom after entering it,
having in fact undressed, lain down, and fallen asleep directly, never
once waking till the clock struck five, and he rose up to go to his

'Betty Privett was as certain in her own mind that he did go out as she
was of her own existence, and was little less certain that he did not
return.  She felt too disturbed to argue with him, and let the subject
drop as though she must have been mistaken.  When she was walking down
Longpuddle street later in the day she met Jim Weedle's daughter Nancy,
and said, "Well, Nancy, you do look sleepy to-day!"

'"Yes, Mrs. Privett," says Nancy.  "Now don't tell anybody, but I don't
mind letting you know what the reason o't is.  Last night, being Old
Midsummer Eve, some of us went to church porch, and didn't get home till
near one."

'"Did ye?" says Mrs. Privett.  "Old Midsummer yesterday was it?  Faith I
didn't think whe'r 'twas Midsummer or Michaelmas; I'd too much work to

'"Yes.  And we were frightened enough, I can tell 'ee, by what we saw."

'"What did ye see?"

'(You may not remember, sir, having gone off to foreign parts so young,
that on Midsummer Night it is believed hereabout that the faint shapes of
all the folk in the parish who are going to be at death's door within the
year can be seen entering the church.  Those who get over their illness
come out again after a while; those that are doomed to die do not

'"What did you see?" asked William's wife.

'"Well," says Nancy, backwardly--"we needn't tell what we saw, or who we

'"You saw my husband," says Betty Privett, in a quiet way.

'"Well, since you put it so," says Nancy, hanging fire, "we--thought we
did see him; but it was darkish, and we was frightened, and of course it
might not have been he."

'"Nancy, you needn't mind letting it out, though 'tis kept back in
kindness.  And he didn't come out of church again: I know it as well as

'Nancy did not answer yes or no to that, and no more was said.  But three
days after, William Privett was mowing with John Chiles in Mr. Hardcome's
meadow, and in the heat of the day they sat down to eat their bit o'
nunch under a tree, and empty their flagon.  Afterwards both of 'em fell
asleep as they sat.  John Chiles was the first to wake, and as he looked
towards his fellow-mower he saw one of those great white miller's-souls
as we call 'em--that is to say, a miller-moth--come from William's open
mouth while he slept, and fly straight away.  John thought it odd enough,
as William had worked in a mill for several years when he was a boy.  He
then looked at the sun, and found by the place o't that they had slept a
long while, and as William did not wake, John called to him and said it
was high time to begin work again.  He took no notice, and then John went
up and shook him, and found he was dead.

'Now on that very day old Philip Hookhorn was down at Longpuddle Spring
dipping up a pitcher of water; and as he turned away, who should he see
coming down to the spring on the other side but William, looking very
pale and odd.  This surprised Philip Hookhorn very much, for years before
that time William's little son--his only child--had been drowned in that
spring while at play there, and this had so preyed upon William's mind
that he'd never been seen near the spring afterwards, and had been known
to go half a mile out of his way to avoid the place.  On inquiry, it was
found that William in body could not have stood by the spring, being in
the mead two miles off; and it also came out that the time at which he
was seen at the spring was the very time when he died.'

* * * * *

'A rather melancholy story,' observed the emigrant, after a minute's

'Yes, yes.  Well, we must take ups and downs together,' said the
seedsman's father.

'You don't know, Mr. Lackland, I suppose, what a rum start that was
between Andrey Satchel and Jane Vallens and the pa'son and clerk o'
Scrimpton?' said the master-thatcher, a man with a spark of subdued
liveliness in his eye, who had hitherto kept his attention mainly upon
small objects a long way ahead, as he sat in front of the van with his
feet outside.  'Theirs was a queerer experience of a pa'son and clerk
than some folks get, and may cheer 'ee up a little after this dampness
that's been flung over yer soul.'

The returned one replied that he knew nothing of the history, and should
be happy to hear it, quite recollecting the personality of the man

'Ah no; this Andrey Satchel is the son of the Satchel that you knew; this
one has not been married more than two or three years, and 'twas at the
time o' the wedding that the accident happened that I could tell 'ee of,
or anybody else here, for that matter.'

'No, no; you must tell it, neighbour, if anybody,' said several; a
request in which Mr. Lackland joined, adding that the Satchel family was
one he had known well before leaving home.

'I'll just mention, as you be a stranger,' whispered the carrier to
Lackland, 'that Christopher's stories will bear pruning.'

The emigrant nodded.

'Well, I can soon tell it,' said the master-thatcher, schooling himself
to a tone of actuality.  'Though as it has more to do with the pa'son and
clerk than with Andrey himself, it ought to be told by a better churchman
than I.'


'It all arose, you must know, from Andrey being fond of a drop of drink
at that time--though he's a sober enough man now by all account, so much
the better for him.  Jane, his bride, you see, was somewhat older than
Andrey; how much older I don't pretend to say; she was not one of our
parish, and the register alone may be able to tell that.  But, at any
rate, her being a little ahead of her young man in mortal years, coupled
with other bodily circumstances--'

('Ah, poor thing!' sighed the women.)

'--made her very anxious to get the thing done before he changed his
mind; and 'twas with a joyful countenance (they say) that she, with
Andrey and his brother and sister-in-law, marched off to church one
November morning as soon as 'twas day a'most, to be made one with Andrey
for the rest of her life.  He had left our place long before it was
light, and the folks that were up all waved their lanterns at him, and
flung up their hats as he went.

'The church of her parish was a mile and more from the houses, and, as it
was a wonderful fine day for the time of year, the plan was that as soon
as they were married they would make out a holiday by driving straight
off to Port Bredy, to see the ships and the sea and the sojers, instead
of coming back to a meal at the house of the distant relation she lived
wi', and moping about there all the afternoon.

'Well, some folks noticed that Andrey walked with rather wambling steps
to church that morning; the truth o't was that his nearest neighbour's
child had been christened the day before, and Andrey, having stood
godfather, had stayed all night keeping up the christening, for he had
said to himself, "Not if I live to be thousand shall I again be made a
godfather one day, and a husband the next, and perhaps a father the next,
and therefore I'll make the most of the blessing."  So that when he
started from home in the morning he had not been in bed at all.  The
result was, as I say, that when he and his bride-to-he walked up the
church to get married, the pa'son (who was a very strict man inside the
church, whatever he was outside) looked hard at Andrey, and said, very

'"How's this, my man?  You are in liquor.  And so early, too.  I'm
ashamed of you!"

'"Well, that's true, sir," says Andrey.  "But I can walk straight enough
for practical purposes.  I can walk a chalk line," he says (meaning no
offence), "as well as some other folk: and--" (getting hotter)--"I reckon
that if you, Pa'son Billy Toogood, had kept up a christening all night so
thoroughly as I have done, you wouldn't be able to stand at all; d--- me
if you would!"

'This answer made Pa'son Billy--as they used to call him--rather spitish,
not to say hot, for he was a warm-tempered man if provoked, and he said,
very decidedly: "Well, I cannot marry you in this state; and I will not!
Go home and get sober!"  And he slapped the book together like a

'Then the bride burst out crying as if her heart would break, for very
fear that she would lose Andrey after all her hard work to get him, and
begged and implored the pa'son to go on with the ceremony.  But no.

'"I won't be a party to your solemnizing matrimony with a tipsy man,"
says Mr. Toogood.  "It is not right and decent.  I am sorry for you, my
young woman, but you'd better go home again.  I wonder how you could
think of bringing him here drunk like this!"

'"But if--if he don't come drunk he won't come at all, sir!" she says,
through her sobs.

'"I can't help that," says the pa'son; and plead as she might, it did not
move him.  Then she tried him another way.

'"Well, then, if you'll go home, sir, and leave us here, and come back to
the church in an hour or two, I'll undertake to say that he shall be as
sober as a judge," she cries.  "We'll bide here, with your permission;
for if he once goes out of this here church unmarried, all Van Amburgh's
horses won't drag him back again!"

'"Very well," says the parson.  "I'll give you two hours, and then I'll

'"And please, sir, lock the door, so that we can't escape!" says she.

'"Yes," says the parson.

'"And let nobody know that we are here."

'The pa'son then took off his clane white surplice, and went away; and
the others consulted upon the best means for keeping the matter a secret,
which it was not a very hard thing to do, the place being so lonely, and
the hour so early.  The witnesses, Andrey's brother and brother's wife,
neither one o' which cared about Andrey's marrying Jane, and had come
rather against their will, said they couldn't wait two hours in that hole
of a place, wishing to get home to Longpuddle before dinner-time.  They
were altogether so crusty that the clerk said there was no difficulty in
their doing as they wished.  They could go home as if their brother's
wedding had actually taken place and the married couple had gone onward
for their day's pleasure jaunt to Port Bredy as intended, he, the clerk,
and any casual passer-by would act as witnesses when the pa'son came

'This was agreed to, and away Andrey's relations went, nothing loath, and
the clerk shut the church door and prepared to lock in the couple.  The
bride went up and whispered to him, with her eyes a-streaming still.

'"My dear good clerk," she says, "if we bide here in the church, folk may
see us through the winders, and find out what has happened; and 'twould
cause such a talk and scandal that I never should get over it: and
perhaps, too, dear Andrey might try to get out and leave me!  Will ye
lock us up in the tower, my dear good clerk?" she says.  "I'll tole him
in there if you will."

'The clerk had no objection to do this to oblige the poor young woman,
and they toled Andrey into the tower, and the clerk locked 'em both up
straightway, and then went home, to return at the end of the two hours.

'Pa'son Toogood had not been long in his house after leaving the church
when he saw a gentleman in pink and top-boots ride past his windows, and
with a sudden flash of heat he called to mind that the hounds met that
day just on the edge of his parish.  The pa'son was one who dearly loved
sport, and much he longed to be there.

'In short, except o' Sundays and at tide-times in the week, Pa'son Billy
was the life o' the Hunt.  'Tis true that he was poor, and that he rode
all of a heap, and that his black mare was rat-tailed and old, and his
tops older, and all over of one colour, whitey-brown, and full o' cracks.
But he'd been in at the death of three thousand foxes.  And--being a
bachelor man--every time he went to bed in summer he used to open the bed
at bottom and crawl up head foremost, to mind en of the coming winter and
the good sport he'd have, and the foxes going to earth.  And whenever
there was a christening at the Squire's, and he had dinner there
afterwards, as he always did, he never failed to christen the chiel over
again in a bottle of port wine.

'Now the clerk was the parson's groom and gardener and jineral manager,
and had just got back to his work in the garden when he, too, saw the
hunting man pass, and presently saw lots more of 'em, noblemen and
gentry, and then he saw the hounds, the huntsman, Jim Treadhedge, the
whipper-in, and I don't know who besides.  The clerk loved going to cover
as frantical as the pa'son, so much so that whenever he saw or heard the
pack he could no more rule his feelings than if they were the winds of
heaven.  He might be bedding, or he might be sowing--all was forgot.  So
he throws down his spade and rushes in to the pa'son, who was by this
time as frantical to go as he.

'"That there mare of yours, sir, do want exercise bad, very bad, this
morning!" the clerk says, all of a tremble.  "Don't ye think I'd better
trot her round the downs for an hour, sir?"

'"To be sure, she does want exercise badly.  I'll trot her round myself,"
says the parson.

'"Oh--you'll trot her yerself?  Well, there's the cob, sir.  Really that
cob is getting oncontrollable through biding in a stable so long!  If you
wouldn't mind my putting on the saddle--"

'"Very well.  Take him out, certainly," says the pa'son, never caring
what the clerk did so long as he himself could get off immediately.  So,
scrambling into his riding-boots and breeches as quick as he could, he
rode off towards the meet, intending to be back in an hour.  No sooner
was he gone than the clerk mounted the cob, and was off after him.  When
the pa'son got to the meet, he found a lot of friends, and was as jolly
as he could be: the hounds found a'most as soon as they threw off, and
there was great excitement.  So, forgetting that he had meant to go back
at once, away rides the pa'son with the rest o' the hunt, all across the
fallow ground that lies between Lippet Wood and Green's Copse; and as he
galloped he looked behind for a moment, and there was the clerk close to
his heels.

'"Ha, ha, clerk--you here?" he says.

'"Yes, sir, here be I," says t'other.

'"Fine exercise for the horses!"

'"Ay, sir--hee, hee!" says the clerk.

'So they went on and on, into Green's Copse, then across to Higher
Jirton; then on across this very turnpike-road to Climmerston Ridge, then
away towards Yalbury Wood: up hill and down dale, like the very wind, the
clerk close to the pa'son, and the pa'son not far from the hounds.  Never
was there a finer run knowed with that pack than they had that day; and
neither pa'son nor clerk thought one word about the unmarried couple
locked up in the church tower waiting to get j'ined.

'"These hosses of yours, sir, will be much improved by this!" says the
clerk as he rode along, just a neck behind the pa'son.  "'Twas a happy
thought of your reverent mind to bring 'em out to-day.  Why, it may be
frosty in a day or two, and then the poor things mid not be able to leave
the stable for weeks."

'"They may not, they may not, it is true.  A merciful man is merciful to
his beast," says the pa'son.

'"Hee, hee!" says the clerk, glancing sly into the pa'son's eye.

'"Ha, ha!" says the pa'son, a-glancing back into the clerk's.  "Halloo!"
he shouts, as he sees the fox break cover at that moment.

'"Halloo!" cries the clerk.  "There he goes!  Why, dammy, there's two

'"Hush, clerk, hush!  Don't let me hear that word again!  Remember our

'"True, sir, true.  But really, good sport do carry away a man so, that
he's apt to forget his high persuasion!"  And the next minute the corner
of the clerk's eye shot again into the corner of the pa'son's, and the
pa'son's back again to the clerk's.  "Hee, hee!" said the clerk.

'"Ha, ha!" said Pa'son Toogood.

'"Ah, sir," says the clerk again, "this is better than crying Amen to
your Ever-and-ever on a winter's morning!"

'"Yes, indeed, clerk!  To everything there's a season," says Pa'son
Toogood, quite pat, for he was a learned Christian man when he liked, and
had chapter and ve'se at his tongue's end, as a pa'son should.

'At last, late in the day, the hunting came to an end by the fox running
into a' old woman's cottage, under her table, and up the clock-case.  The
pa'son and clerk were among the first in at the death, their faces
a-staring in at the old woman's winder, and the clock striking as he'd
never been heard to strik' before.  Then came the question of finding
their way home.

'Neither the pa'son nor the clerk knowed how they were going to do this,
for their beasts were wellnigh tired down to the ground.  But they
started back-along as well as they could, though they were so done up
that they could only drag along at a' amble, and not much of that at a

'"We shall never, never get there!" groaned Mr. Toogood, quite bowed

'"Never!" groans the clerk.  "'Tis a judgment upon us for our

'"I fear it is," murmurs the pa'son.

'Well, 'twas quite dark afore they entered the pa'sonage gate, having
crept into the parish as quiet as if they'd stole a hammer, little
wishing their congregation to know what they'd been up to all day long.
And as they were so dog-tired, and so anxious about the horses, never
once did they think of the unmarried couple.  As soon as ever the horses
had been stabled and fed, and the pa'son and clerk had had a bit and a
sup theirselves, they went to bed.

'Next morning when Pa'son Toogood was at breakfast, thinking of the
glorious sport he'd had the day before, the clerk came in a hurry to the
door and asked to see him.

'"It has just come into my mind, sir, that we've forgot all about the
couple that we was to have married yesterday!"

'The half-chawed victuals dropped from the pa'son's mouth as if he'd been
shot.  "Bless my soul," says he, "so we have!  How very awkward!"

'"It is, sir; very.  Perhaps we've ruined the 'ooman!"

'"Ah--to be sure--I remember!  She ought to have been married before."

'"If anything has happened to her up in that there tower, and no doctor
or nuss--"

('Ah--poor thing!' sighed the women.)

'"--'twill be a quarter-sessions matter for us, not to speak of the
disgrace to the Church!"

'"Good God, clerk, don't drive me wild!" says the pa'son.  "Why the hell
didn't I marry 'em, drunk or sober!"  (Pa'sons used to cuss in them days
like plain honest men.)  "Have you been to the church to see what
happened to them, or inquired in the village?"

'"Not I, sir!  It only came into my head a moment ago, and I always like
to be second to you in church matters.  You could have knocked me down
with a sparrer's feather when I thought o't, sir; I assure 'ee you

'Well, the parson jumped up from his breakfast, and together they went
off to the church.

'"It is not at all likely that they are there now," says Mr. Toogood, as
they went; "and indeed I hope they are not.  They be pretty sure to have
'scaped and gone home."

'However, they opened the church-hatch, entered the churchyard, and
looking up at the tower, there they seed a little small white face at the
belfry-winder, and a little small hand waving.  'Twas the bride.

'"God my life, clerk," says Mr. Toogood, "I don't know how to face 'em!"
And he sank down upon a tombstone.  "How I wish I hadn't been so cussed

'"Yes--'twas a pity we didn't finish it when we'd begun," the clerk said.
"Still, since the feelings of your holy priestcraft wouldn't let ye, the
couple must put up with it."

'"True, clerk, true!  Does she look as if anything premature had took

'"I can't see her no lower down than her arm-pits, sir."

'"Well--how do her face look?"

'"It do look mighty white!"

'"Well, we must know the worst!  Dear me, how the small of my back do
ache from that ride yesterday! . . . But to more godly business!"

'They went on into the church, and unlocked the tower stairs, and
immediately poor Jane and Andrey busted out like starved mice from a
cupboard, Andrey limp and sober enough now, and his bride pale and cold,
but otherwise as usual.

'"What," says the pa'son, with a great breath of relief, "you haven't
been here ever since?"

'"Yes, we have, sir!" says the bride, sinking down upon a seat in her
weakness.  "Not a morsel, wet or dry, have we had since!  It was
impossible to get out without help, and here we've stayed!"

'"But why didn't you shout, good souls?" said the pa'son.

'"She wouldn't let me," says Andrey.

'"Because we were so ashamed at what had led to it," sobs Jane.  "We felt
that if it were noised abroad it would cling to us all our lives!  Once
or twice Andrey had a good mind to toll the bell, but then he said: "No;
I'll starve first.  I won't bring disgrace on my name and yours, my
dear."  And so we waited and waited, and walked round and round; but
never did you come till now!"

'"To my regret!" says the parson.  "Now, then, we will soon get it over."

'"I--I should like some victuals," said Andrey, "'twould gie me courage
if it is only a crust o' bread and a' onion; for I am that leery that I
can feel my stomach rubbing against my backbone."

'"I think we had better get it done," said the bride, a bit anxious in
manner; "since we are all here convenient, too!"

'Andrey gave way about the victuals, and the clerk called in a second
witness who wouldn't be likely to gossip about it, and soon the knot was
tied, and the bride looked smiling and calm forthwith, and Andrey limper
than ever.

'"Now," said Pa'son Toogood, "you two must come to my house, and have a
good lining put to your insides before you go a step further."

'They were very glad of the offer, and went out of the churchyard by one
path while the pa'son and clerk went out by the other, and so did not
attract notice, it being still early.  They entered the rectory as if
they'd just come back from their trip to Port Bredy; and then they
knocked in the victuals and drink till they could hold no more.

'It was a long while before the story of what they had gone through was
known, but it was talked of in time, and they themselves laugh over it
now; though what Jane got for her pains was no great bargain after all.
'Tis true she saved her name.'

* * * * *

'Was that the same Andrey who went to the squire's house as one of the
Christmas fiddlers?' asked the seedsman.

'No, no,' replied Mr. Profitt, the schoolmaster.  'It was his father did
that.  Ay, it was all owing to his being such a man for eating and
drinking.'  Finding that he had the ear of the audience, the schoolmaster
continued without delay:--


'I was one of the choir-boys at that time, and we and the players were to
appear at the manor-house as usual that Christmas week, to play and sing
in the hall to the squire's people and visitors (among 'em being the
archdeacon, Lord and Lady Baxby, and I don't know who); afterwards going,
as we always did, to have a good supper in the servants' hall.  Andrew
knew this was the custom, and meeting us when we were starting to go, he
said to us: "Lord, how I should like to join in that meal of beef, and
turkey, and plum-pudding, and ale, that you happy ones be going to just
now!  One more or less will make no difference to the squire.  I am too
old to pass as a singing boy, and too bearded to pass as a singing girl;
can ye lend me a fiddle, neighbours, that I may come with ye as a

'Well, we didn't like to be hard upon him, and lent him an old one,
though Andrew knew no more of music than the Cerne Giant; and armed with
the instrument he walked up to the squire's house with the others of us
at the time appointed, and went in boldly, his fiddle under his arm.  He
made himself as natural as he could in opening the music-books and moving
the candles to the best points for throwing light upon the notes; and all
went well till we had played and sung "While shepherds watch," and "Star,
arise," and "Hark the glad sound."  Then the squire's mother, a tall
gruff old lady, who was much interested in church-music, said quite
unexpectedly to Andrew: "My man, I see you don't play your instrument
with the rest.  How is that?"

'Every one of the choir was ready to sink into the earth with concern at
the fix Andrew was in.  We could see that he had fallen into a cold
sweat, and how he would get out of it we did not know.

'"I've had a misfortune, mem," he says, bowing as meek as a child.
"Coming along the road I fell down and broke my bow."

'"Oh, I am sorry to hear that," says she.  "Can't it be mended?"

'"Oh no, mem," says Andrew.  "'Twas broke all to splinters."

'"I'll see what I can do for you," says she.

'And then it seemed all over, and we played "Rejoice, ye drowsy mortals
all," in D and two sharps.  But no sooner had we got through it than she
says to Andrew,

'"I've sent up into the attic, where we have some old musical
instruments, and found a bow for you."  And she hands the bow to poor
wretched Andrew, who didn't even know which end to take hold of.  "Now we
shall have the full accompaniment," says she.

'Andrew's face looked as if it were made of rotten apple as he stood in
the circle of players in front of his book; for if there was one person
in the parish that everybody was afraid of, 'twas this hook-nosed old
lady.  However, by keeping a little behind the next man he managed to
make pretence of beginning, sawing away with his bow without letting it
touch the strings, so that it looked as if he were driving into the tune
with heart and soul.  'Tis a question if he wouldn't have got through all
right if one of the squire's visitors (no other than the archdeacon)
hadn't noticed that he held the fiddle upside down, the nut under his
chin, and the tail-piece in his hand; and they began to crowd round him,
thinking 'twas some new way of performing.

'This revealed everything; the squire's mother had Andrew turned out of
the house as a vile impostor, and there was great interruption to the
harmony of the proceedings, the squire declaring he should have notice to
leave his cottage that day fortnight.  However, when we got to the
servants' hall there sat Andrew, who had been let in at the back door by
the orders of the squire's wife, after being turned out at the front by
the orders of the squire, and nothing more was heard about his leaving
his cottage.  But Andrew never performed in public as a musician after
that night; and now he's dead and gone, poor man, as we all shall be!'

* * * * *

'I had quite forgotten the old choir, with their fiddles and bass-viols,'
said the home-comer, musingly.  'Are they still going on the same as of

'Bless the man!' said Christopher Twink, the master-thatcher; 'why,
they've been done away with these twenty year.  A young teetotaler plays
the organ in church now, and plays it very well; though 'tis not quite
such good music as in old times, because the organ is one of them that go
with a winch, and the young teetotaler says he can't always throw the
proper feeling into the tune without wellnigh working his arms off.'

'Why did they make the change, then?'

'Well, partly because of fashion, partly because the old musicians got
into a sort of scrape.  A terrible scrape 'twas too--wasn't it, John?  I
shall never forget it--never!  They lost their character as officers of
the church as complete as if they'd never had any character at all.'

'That was very bad for them.'

'Yes.'  The master-thatcher attentively regarded past times as if they
lay about a mile off, and went on:--


'It happened on Sunday after Christmas--the last Sunday ever they played
in Longpuddle church gallery, as it turned out, though they didn't know
it then.  As you may know, sir, the players formed a very good
band--almost as good as the Mellstock parish players that were led by the
Dewys; and that's saying a great deal.  There was Nicholas Puddingcome,
the leader, with the first fiddle; there was Timothy Thomas, the bass-
viol man; John Biles, the tenor fiddler; Dan'l Hornhead, with the
serpent; Robert Dowdle, with the clarionet; and Mr. Nicks, with the
oboe--all sound and powerful musicians, and strong-winded men--they that
blowed.  For that reason they were very much in demand Christmas week for
little reels and dancing parties; for they could turn a jig or a hornpipe
out of hand as well as ever they could turn out a psalm, and perhaps
better, not to speak irreverent.  In short, one half-hour they could be
playing a Christmas carol in the squire's hall to the ladies and
gentlemen, and drinking tay and coffee with 'em as modest as saints; and
the next, at The Tinker's Arms, blazing away like wild horses with the
"Dashing White Sergeant" to nine couple of dancers and more, and
swallowing rum-and-cider hot as flame.

'Well, this Christmas they'd been out to one rattling randy after another
every night, and had got next to no sleep at all.  Then came the Sunday
after Christmas, their fatal day.  'Twas so mortal cold that year that
they could hardly sit in the gallery; for though the congregation down in
the body of the church had a stove to keep off the frost, the players in
the gallery had nothing at all.  So Nicholas said at morning service,
when 'twas freezing an inch an hour, "Please the Lord I won't stand this
numbing weather no longer: this afternoon we'll have something in our
insides to make us warm, if it cost a king's ransom."

'So he brought a gallon of hot brandy and beer, ready mixed, to church
with him in the afternoon, and by keeping the jar well wrapped up in
Timothy Thomas's bass-viol bag it kept drinkably warm till they wanted
it, which was just a thimbleful in the Absolution, and another after the
Creed, and the remainder at the beginning o' the sermon.  When they'd had
the last pull they felt quite comfortable and warm, and as the sermon
went on--most unfortunately for 'em it was a long one that afternoon--they
fell asleep, every man jack of 'em; and there they slept on as sound as

''Twas a very dark afternoon, and by the end of the sermon all you could
see of the inside of the church were the pa'son's two candles alongside
of him in the pulpit, and his spaking face behind 'em.  The sermon being
ended at last, the pa'son gie'd out the Evening Hymn.  But no choir set
about sounding up the tune, and the people began to turn their heads to
learn the reason why, and then Levi Limpet, a boy who sat in the gallery,
nudged Timothy and Nicholas, and said, "Begin! begin!"

'"Hey? what?" says Nicholas, starting up; and the church being so dark
and his head so muddled he thought he was at the party they had played at
all the night before, and away he went, bow and fiddle, at "The Devil
among the Tailors," the favourite jig of our neighbourhood at that time.
The rest of the band, being in the same state of mind and nothing
doubting, followed their leader with all their strength, according to
custom.  They poured out that there tune till the lower bass notes of
"The Devil among the Tailors" made the cobwebs in the roof shiver like
ghosts; then Nicholas, seeing nobody moved, shouted out as he scraped (in
his usual commanding way at dances when the folk didn't know the
figures), "Top couples cross hands!  And when I make the fiddle squeak at
the end, every man kiss his pardner under the mistletoe!"

'The boy Levi was so frightened that he bolted down the gallery stairs
and out homeward like lightning.  The pa'son's hair fairly stood on end
when he heard the evil tune raging through the church, and thinking the
choir had gone crazy he held up his hand and said: "Stop, stop, stop!
Stop, stop!  What's this?"  But they didn't hear'n for the noise of their
own playing, and the more he called the louder they played.

'Then the folks came out of their pews, wondering down to the ground, and
saying: "What do they mean by such wickedness!  We shall be consumed like
Sodom and Gomorrah!"

'Then the squire came out of his pew lined wi' green baize, where lots of
lords and ladies visiting at the house were worshipping along with him,
and went and stood in front of the gallery, and shook his fist in the
musicians' faces, saying, "What!  In this reverent edifice!  What!"

'And at last they heard'n through their playing, and stopped.

'"Never such an insulting, disgraceful thing--never!" says the squire,
who couldn't rule his passion.

'"Never!" says the pa'son, who had come down and stood beside him.

'"Not if the Angels of Heaven," says the squire (he was a wickedish man,
the squire was, though now for once he happened to be on the Lord's
side)--"not if the Angels of Heaven come down," he says, "shall one of
you villanous players ever sound a note in this church again; for the
insult to me, and my family, and my visitors, and God Almighty, that
you've a-perpetrated this afternoon!"

'Then the unfortunate church band came to their senses, and remembered
where they were; and 'twas a sight to see Nicholas Pudding come and
Timothy Thomas and John Biles creep down the gallery stairs with their
fiddles under their arms, and poor Dan'l Hornhead with his serpent, and
Robert Dowdle with his clarionet, all looking as little as ninepins; and
out they went.  The pa'son might have forgi'ed 'em when he learned the
truth o't, but the squire would not.  That very week he sent for a barrel-
organ that would play two-and-twenty new psalm-tunes, so exact and
particular that, however sinful inclined you was, you could play nothing
but psalm-tunes whatsomever.  He had a really respectable man to turn the
winch, as I said, and the old players played no more.'

* * * * *

'And, of course, my old acquaintance, the annuitant, Mrs. Winter, who
always seemed to have something on her mind, is dead and gone?' said the
home-comer, after a long silence.

Nobody in the van seemed to recollect the name.

'O yes, she must be dead long since: she was seventy when I as a child
knew her,' he added.

'I can recollect Mrs. Winter very well, if nobody else can,' said the
aged groceress.  'Yes, she's been dead these five-and-twenty year at
least.  You knew what it was upon her mind, sir, that gave her that
hollow-eyed look, I suppose?'

'It had something to do with a son of hers, I think I once was told.  But
I was too young to know particulars.'

The groceress sighed as she conjured up a vision of days long past.
'Yes,' she murmured, 'it had all to do with a son.'  Finding that the van
was still in a listening mood, she spoke on:--


'To go back to the beginning--if one must--there were two women in the
parish when I was a child, who were to a certain extent rivals in good
looks.  Never mind particulars, but in consequence of this they were at
daggers-drawn, and they did not love each other any better when one of
them tempted the other's lover away from her and married him.  He was a
young man of the name of Winter, and in due time they had a son.

'The other woman did not marry for many years: but when she was about
thirty a quiet man named Palmley asked her to be his wife, and she
accepted him.  You don't mind when the Palmleys were Longpuddle folk, but
I do well.  She had a son also, who was, of course, nine or ten years
younger than the son of the first.  The child proved to be of rather weak
intellect, though his mother loved him as the apple of her eye.

'This woman's husband died when the child was eight years old, and left
his widow and boy in poverty.  Her former rival, also a widow now, but
fairly well provided for, offered for pity's sake to take the child as
errand-boy, small as he was, her own son, Jack, being hard upon
seventeen.  Her poor neighbour could do no better than let the child go
there.  And to the richer woman's house little Palmley straightway went.

'Well, in some way or other--how, it was never exactly known--the
thriving woman, Mrs. Winter, sent the little boy with a message to the
next village one December day, much against his will.  It was getting
dark, and the child prayed to be allowed not to go, because he would be
afraid coming home.  But the mistress insisted, more out of
thoughtlessness than cruelty, and the child went.  On his way back he had
to pass through Yalbury Wood, and something came out from behind a tree
and frightened him into fits.  The child was quite ruined by it; he
became quite a drivelling idiot, and soon afterward died.

'Then the other woman had nothing left to live for, and vowed vengeance
against that rival who had first won away her lover, and now had been the
cause of her bereavement.  This last affliction was certainly not
intended by her thriving acquaintance, though it must be owned that when
it was done she seemed but little concerned.  Whatever vengeance poor
Mrs. Palmley felt, she had no opportunity of carrying it out, and time
might have softened her feelings into forgetfulness of her supposed
wrongs as she dragged on her lonely life.  So matters stood when, a year
after the death of the child, Mrs. Palmley's niece, who had been born and
bred in the city of Exonbury, came to live with her.

'This young woman--Miss Harriet Palmley--was a proud and handsome girl,
very well brought up, and more stylish and genteel than the people of our
village, as was natural, considering where she came from.  She regarded
herself as much above Mrs. Winter and her son in position as Mrs. Winter
and her son considered themselves above poor Mrs. Palmley.  But love is
an unceremonious thing, and what in the world should happen but that
young Jack Winter must fall wofully and wildly in love with Harriet
Palmley almost as soon as he saw her.

'She, being better educated than he, and caring nothing for the village
notion of his mother's superiority to her aunt, did not give him much
encouragement.  But Longpuddle being no very large world, the two could
not help seeing a good deal of each other while she was staying there,
and, disdainful young woman as she was, she did seem to take a little
pleasure in his attentions and advances.

'One day when they were picking apples together, he asked her to marry
him.  She had not expected anything so practical as that at so early a
time, and was led by her surprise into a half-promise; at any rate she
did not absolutely refuse him, and accepted some little presents that he
made her.

'But he saw that her view of him was rather as a simple village lad than
as a young man to look up to, and he felt that he must do something bold
to secure her.  So he said one day, "I am going away, to try to get into
a better position than I can get here."  In two or three weeks he wished
her good-bye, and went away to Monksbury, to superintend a farm, with a
view to start as a farmer himself; and from there he wrote regularly to
her, as if their marriage were an understood thing.

'Now Harriet liked the young man's presents and the admiration of his
eyes; but on paper he was less attractive to her.  Her mother had been a
school-mistress, and Harriet had besides a natural aptitude for pen-and-
ink work, in days when to be a ready writer was not such a common thing
as it is now, and when actual handwriting was valued as an accomplishment
in itself.  Jack Winter's performances in the shape of love-letters quite
jarred her city nerves and her finer taste, and when she answered one of
them, in the lovely running hand that she took such pride in, she very
strictly and loftily bade him to practise with a pen and spelling-book if
he wished to please her.  Whether he listened to her request or not
nobody knows, but his letters did not improve.  He ventured to tell her
in his clumsy way that if her heart were more warm towards him she would
not be so nice about his handwriting and spelling; which indeed was true

'Well, in Jack's absence the weak flame that had been set alight in
Harriet's heart soon sank low, and at last went out altogether.  He wrote
and wrote, and begged and prayed her to give a reason for her coldness;
and then she told him plainly that she was town born, and he was not
sufficiently well educated to please her.

'Jack Winter's want of pen-and-ink training did not make him less thin-
skinned than others; in fact, he was terribly tender and touchy about
anything.  This reason that she gave for finally throwing him over
grieved him, shamed him, and mortified him more than can be told in these
times, the pride of that day in being able to write with beautiful
flourishes, and the sorrow at not being able to do so, raging so high.
Jack replied to her with an angry note, and then she hit back with smart
little stings, telling him how many words he had misspelt in his last
letter, and declaring again that this alone was sufficient justification
for any woman to put an end to an understanding with him.  Her husband
must be a better scholar.

'He bore her rejection of him in silence, but his suffering was sharp--all
the sharper in being untold.  She communicated with Jack no more; and as
his reason for going out into the world had been only to provide a home
worthy of her, he had no further object in planning such a home now that
she was lost to him.  He therefore gave up the farming occupation by
which he had hoped to make himself a master-farmer, and left the spot to
return to his mother.

'As soon as he got back to Longpuddle he found that Harriet had already
looked wi' favour upon another lover.  He was a young road-contractor,
and Jack could not but admit that his rival was both in manners and
scholarship much ahead of him.  Indeed, a more sensible match for the
beauty who had been dropped into the village by fate could hardly have
been found than this man, who could offer her so much better a chance
than Jack could have done, with his uncertain future and narrow abilities
for grappling with the world.  The fact was so clear to him that he could
hardly blame her.

'One day by accident Jack saw on a scrap of paper the handwriting of
Harriet's new beloved.  It was flowing like a stream, well spelt, the
work of a man accustomed to the ink-bottle and the dictionary, of a man
already called in the parish a good scholar.  And then it struck all of a
sudden into Jack's mind what a contrast the letters of this young man
must make to his own miserable old letters, and how ridiculous they must
make his lines appear.  He groaned and wished he had never written to
her, and wondered if she had ever kept his poor performances.  Possibly
she had kept them, for women are in the habit of doing that, he thought,
and whilst they were in her hands there was always a chance of his
honest, stupid love-assurances to her being joked over by Harriet with
her present lover, or by anybody who should accidentally uncover them.

'The nervous, moody young man could not bear the thought of it, and at
length decided to ask her to return them, as was proper when engagements
were broken off.  He was some hours in framing, copying, and recopying
the short note in which he made his request, and having finished it he
sent it to her house.  His messenger came back with the answer, by word
of mouth, that Miss Palmley bade him say she should not part with what
was hers, and wondered at his boldness in troubling her.

'Jack was much affronted at this, and determined to go for his letters
himself.  He chose a time when he knew she was at home, and knocked and
went in without much ceremony; for though Harriet was so high and mighty,
Jack had small respect for her aunt, Mrs. Palmley, whose little child had
been his boot-cleaner in earlier days.  Harriet was in the room, this
being the first time they had met since she had jilted him.  He asked for
his letters with a stern and bitter look at her.

'At first she said he might have them for all that she cared, and took
them out of the bureau where she kept them.  Then she glanced over the
outside one of the packet, and suddenly altering her mind, she told him
shortly that his request was a silly one, and slipped the letters into
her aunt's work-box, which stood open on the table, locking it, and
saying with a bantering laugh that of course she thought it best to keep
'em, since they might be useful to produce as evidence that she had good
cause for declining to marry him.

'He blazed up hot.  "Give me those letters!" he said.  "They are mine!"

'"No, they are not," she replied; "they are mine."

'"Whos'ever they are I want them back," says he.  "I don't want to be
made sport of for my penmanship: you've another young man now! he has
your confidence, and you pour all your tales into his ear.  You'll be
showing them to him!"

'"Perhaps," said my lady Harriet, with calm coolness, like the heartless
woman that she was.

'Her manner so maddened him that he made a step towards the work-box, but
she snatched it up, locked it in the bureau, and turned upon him
triumphant.  For a moment he seemed to be going to wrench the key of the
bureau out of her hand; but he stopped himself, and swung round upon his
heel and went away.

'When he was out-of-doors alone, and it got night, he walked about
restless, and stinging with the sense of being beaten at all points by
her.  He could not help fancying her telling her new lover or her
acquaintances of this scene with himself, and laughing with them over
those poor blotted, crooked lines of his that he had been so anxious to
obtain.  As the evening passed on he worked himself into a dogged
resolution to have them back at any price, come what might.

'At the dead of night he came out of his mother's house by the back door,
and creeping through the garden hedge went along the field adjoining till
he reached the back of her aunt's dwelling.  The moon struck bright and
flat upon the walls, 'twas said, and every shiny leaf of the creepers was
like a little looking-glass in the rays.  From long acquaintance Jack
knew the arrangement and position of everything in Mrs. Palmley's house
as well as in his own mother's.  The back window close to him was a
casement with little leaded squares, as it is to this day, and was, as
now, one of two lighting the sitting-room.  The other, being in front,
was closed up with shutters, but this back one had not even a blind, and
the moonlight as it streamed in showed every article of the furniture to
him outside.  To the right of the room is the fireplace, as you may
remember; to the left was the bureau at that time; inside the bureau was
Harriet's work-box, as he supposed (though it was really her aunt's), and
inside the work-box were his letters.  Well, he took out his
pocket-knife, and without noise lifted the leading of one of the panes,
so that he could take out the glass, and putting his hand through the
hole he unfastened the casement, and climbed in through the opening.  All
the household--that is to say, Mrs. Palmley, Harriet, and the little maid-
servant--were asleep.  Jack went straight to the bureau, so he said,
hoping it might have been unfastened again--it not being kept locked in
ordinary--but Harriet had never unfastened it since she secured her
letters there the day before.  Jack told afterward how he thought of her
asleep upstairs, caring nothing for him, and of the way she had made
sport of him and of his letters; and having advanced so far, he was not
to be hindered now.  By forcing the large blade of his knife under the
flap of the bureau, he burst the weak lock; within was the rosewood work-
box just as she had placed it in her hurry to keep it from him.  There
being no time to spare for getting the letters out of it then, he took it
under his arm, shut the bureau, and made the best of his way out of the
house, latching the casement behind him, and refixing the pane of glass
in its place.

'Winter found his way back to his mother's as he had come, and being dog-
tired, crept upstairs to bed, hiding the box till he could destroy its
contents.  The next morning early he set about doing this, and carried it
to the linhay at the back of his mother's dwelling.  Here by the hearth
he opened the box, and began burning one by one the letters that had cost
him so much labour to write and shame to think of, meaning to return the
box to Harriet, after repairing the slight damage he had caused it by
opening it without a key, with a note--the last she would ever receive
from him--telling her triumphantly that in refusing to return what he had
asked for she had calculated too surely upon his submission to her whims.

'But on removing the last letter from the box he received a shock; for
underneath it, at the very bottom, lay money--several golden
guineas--"Doubtless Harriet's pocket-money," he said to himself; though
it was not, but Mrs. Palmley's.  Before he had got over his qualms at
this discovery he heard footsteps coming through the house-passage to
where he was.  In haste he pushed the box and what was in it under some
brushwood which lay in the linhay; but Jack had been already seen.  Two
constables entered the out-house, and seized him as he knelt before the
fireplace, securing the work-box and all it contained at the same moment.
They had come to apprehend him on a charge of breaking into the dwelling-
house of Mrs. Palmley on the night preceding; and almost before the lad
knew what had happened to him they were leading him along the lane that
connects that end of the village with this turnpike-road, and along they
marched him between 'em all the way to Casterbridge jail.

'Jack's act amounted to night burglary--though he had never thought of
it--and burglary was felony, and a capital offence in those days.  His
figure had been seen by some one against the bright wall as he came away
from Mrs. Palmley's back window, and the box and money were found in his
possession, while the evidence of the broken bureau-lock and tinkered
window-pane was more than enough for circumstantial detail.  Whether his
protestation that he went only for his letters, which he believed to be
wrongfully kept from him, would have availed him anything if supported by
other evidence I do not know; but the one person who could have borne it
out was Harriet, and she acted entirely under the sway of her aunt.  That
aunt was deadly towards Jack Winter.  Mrs. Palmley's time had come.  Here
was her revenge upon the woman who had first won away her lover, and next
ruined and deprived her of her heart's treasure--her little son.  When
the assize week drew on, and Jack had to stand his trial, Harriet did not
appear in the case at all, which was allowed to take its course, Mrs.
Palmley testifying to the general facts of the burglary.  Whether Harriet
would have come forward if Jack had appealed to her is not known;
possibly she would have done it for pity's sake; but Jack was too proud
to ask a single favour of a girl who had jilted him; and he let her
alone.  The trial was a short one, and the death sentence was passed.

'The day o' young Jack's execution was a cold dusty Saturday in March.  He
was so boyish and slim that they were obliged in mercy to hang him in the
heaviest fetters kept in the jail, lest his heft should not break his
neck, and they weighed so upon him that he could hardly drag himself up
to the drop.  At that time the gover'ment was not strict about burying
the body of an executed person within the precincts of the prison, and at
the earnest prayer of his poor mother his body was allowed to be brought
home.  All the parish waited at their cottage doors in the evening for
its arrival: I remember how, as a very little girl, I stood by my
mother's side.  About eight o'clock, as we hearkened on our door-stones
in the cold bright starlight, we could hear the faint crackle of a waggon
from the direction of the turnpike-road.  The noise was lost as the
waggon dropped into a hollow, then it was plain again as it lumbered down
the next long incline, and presently it entered Longpuddle.  The coffin
was laid in the belfry for the night, and the next day, Sunday, between
the services, we buried him.  A funeral sermon was preached the same
afternoon, the text chosen being, "He was the only son of his mother, and
she was a widow." . . . Yes, they were cruel times!

'As for Harriet, she and her lover were married in due time; but by all
account her life was no jocund one.  She and her good-man found that they
could not live comfortably at Longpuddle, by reason of her connection
with Jack's misfortunes, and they settled in a distant town, and were no
more heard of by us; Mrs. Palmley, too, found it advisable to join 'em
shortly after.  The dark-eyed, gaunt old Mrs. Winter, remembered by the
emigrant gentleman here, was, as you will have foreseen, the Mrs. Winter
of this story; and I can well call to mind how lonely she was, how afraid
the children were of her, and how she kept herself as a stranger among
us, though she lived so long.'

* * * * *

'Longpuddle has had her sad experiences as well as her sunny ones,' said
Mr. Lackland.

'Yes, yes.  But I am thankful to say not many like that, though good and
bad have lived among us.'

'There was Georgy Crookhill--he was one of the shady sort, as I have
reason to know,' observed the registrar, with the manner of a man who
would like to have his say also.

'I used to hear what he was as a boy at school.'

'Well, as he began so he went on.  It never got so far as a hanging
matter with him, to be sure; but he had some narrow escapes of penal
servitude; and once it was a case of the biter bit.'


'One day,' the registrar continued, 'Georgy was ambling out of Melchester
on a miserable screw, the fair being just over, when he saw in front of
him a fine-looking young farmer riding out of the town in the same
direction.  He was mounted on a good strong handsome animal, worth fifty
guineas if worth a crown.  When they were going up Bissett Hill, Georgy
made it his business to overtake the young farmer.  They passed the time
o' day to one another; Georgy spoke of the state of the roads, and jogged
alongside the well-mounted stranger in very friendly conversation.  The
farmer had not been inclined to say much to Georgy at first, but by
degrees he grew quite affable too--as friendly as Georgy was toward him.
He told Crookhill that he had been doing business at Melchester fair, and
was going on as far as Shottsford-Forum that night, so as to reach
Casterbridge market the next day.  When they came to Woodyates Inn they
stopped to bait their horses, and agreed to drink together; with this
they got more friendly than ever, and on they went again.  Before they
had nearly reached Shottsford it came on to rain, and as they were now
passing through the village of Trantridge, and it was quite dark, Georgy
persuaded the young farmer to go no further that night; the rain would
most likely give them a chill.  For his part he had heard that the little
inn here was comfortable, and he meant to stay.  At last the young farmer
agreed to put up there also; and they dismounted, and entered, and had a
good supper together, and talked over their affairs like men who had
known and proved each other a long time.  When it was the hour for
retiring they went upstairs to a double-bedded room which Georgy
Crookhill had asked the landlord to let them share, so sociable were

'Before they fell asleep they talked across the room about one thing and
another, running from this to that till the conversation turned upon
disguises, and changing clothes for particular ends.  The farmer told
Georgy that he had often heard tales of people doing it; but Crookhill
professed to be very ignorant of all such tricks; and soon the young
farmer sank into slumber.

'Early in the morning, while the tall young farmer was still asleep (I
tell the story as 'twas told me), honest Georgy crept out of his bed by
stealth, and dressed himself in the farmer's clothes, in the pockets of
the said clothes being the farmer's money.  Now though Georgy
particularly wanted the farmer's nice clothes and nice horse, owing to a
little transaction at the fair which made it desirable that he should not
be too easily recognized, his desires had their bounds: he did not wish
to take his young friend's money, at any rate more of it than was
necessary for paying his bill.  This he abstracted, and leaving the
farmer's purse containing the rest on the bedroom table, went downstairs.
The inn folks had not particularly noticed the faces of their customers,
and the one or two who were up at this hour had no thought but that
Georgy was the farmer; so when he had paid the bill very liberally, and
said he must be off, no objection was made to his getting the farmer's
horse saddled for himself; and he rode away upon it as if it were his

'About half an hour after the young farmer awoke, and looking across the
room saw that his friend Georgy had gone away in clothes which didn't
belong to him, and had kindly left for himself the seedy ones worn by
Georgy.  At this he sat up in a deep thought for some time, instead of
hastening to give an alarm.  "The money, the money is gone," he said to
himself, "and that's bad.  But so are the clothes."

'He then looked upon the table and saw that the money, or most of it, had
been left behind.

'"Ha, ha, ha!" he cried, and began to dance about the room.  "Ha, ha,
ha!" he said again, and made beautiful smiles to himself in the shaving
glass and in the brass candlestick; and then swung about his arms for all
the world as if he were going through the sword exercise.

'When he had dressed himself in Georgy's clothes and gone downstairs, he
did not seem to mind at all that they took him for the other; and even
when he saw that he had been left a bad horse for a good one, he was not
inclined to cry out.  They told him his friend had paid the bill, at
which he seemed much pleased, and without waiting for breakfast he
mounted Georgy's horse and rode away likewise, choosing the nearest by-
lane in preference to the high-road, without knowing that Georgy had
chosen that by-lane also.

'He had not trotted more than two miles in the personal character of
Georgy Crookhill when, suddenly rounding a bend that the lane made
thereabout, he came upon a man struggling in the hands of two village
constables.  It was his friend Georgy, the borrower of his clothes and
horse.  But so far was the young farmer from showing any alacrity in
rushing forward to claim his property that he would have turned the poor
beast he rode into the wood adjoining, if he had not been already

'"Help, help, help!" cried the constables.  "Assistance in the name of
the Crown!"

'The young farmer could do nothing but ride forward.  "What's the
matter?" he inquired, as coolly as he could.

'"A deserter--a deserter!" said they.  "One who's to be tried by court-
martial and shot without parley.  He deserted from the Dragoons at
Cheltenham some days ago, and was tracked; but the search-party can't
find him anywhere, and we told 'em if we met him we'd hand him on to 'em
forthwith.  The day after he left the barracks the rascal met a
respectable farmer and made him drunk at an inn, and told him what a fine
soldier he would make, and coaxed him to change clothes, to see how well
a military uniform would become him.  This the simple farmer did; when
our deserter said that for a joke he would leave the room and go to the
landlady, to see if she would know him in that dress.  He never came
back, and Farmer Jollice found himself in soldier's clothes, the money in
his pockets gone, and, when he got to the stable, his horse gone too."

'"A scoundrel!" says the young man in Georgy's clothes.  "And is this the
wretched caitiff?" (pointing to Georgy).

'"No, no!" cries Georgy, as innocent as a babe of this matter of the
soldier's desertion.  "He's the man!  He was wearing Farmer Jollice's
suit o' clothes, and he slept in the same room wi' me, and brought up the
subject of changing clothes, which put it into my head to dress myself in
his suit before he was awake.  He's got on mine!"

'"D'ye hear the villain?" groans the tall young man to the constables.
"Trying to get out of his crime by charging the first innocent man with
it that he sees!  No, master soldier--that won't do!"

'"No, no!  That won't do!" the constables chimed in.  "To have the
impudence to say such as that, when we caught him in the act almost!  But,
thank God, we've got the handcuffs on him at last."

'"We have, thank God," said the tall young man.  "Well, I must move on.
Good luck to ye with your prisoner!"  And off he went, as fast as his
poor jade would carry him.

'The constables then, with Georgy handcuffed between 'em, and leading the
horse, marched off in the other direction, toward the village where they
had been accosted by the escort of soldiers sent to bring the deserter
back, Georgy groaning: "I shall be shot, I shall be shot!"  They had not
gone more than a mile before they met them.

'"Hoi, there!" says the head constable.

'"Hoi, yerself!" says the corporal in charge.

'"We've got your man," says the constable.

'"Where?" says the corporal.

'"Here, between us," said the constable.  "Only you don't recognize him
out o' uniform."

'The corporal looked at Georgy hard enough; then shook his head and said
he was not the absconder.

'"But the absconder changed clothes with Farmer Jollice, and took his
horse; and this man has 'em, d'ye see!"

'"'Tis not our man," said the soldiers.  "He's a tall young fellow with a
mole on his right cheek, and a military bearing, which this man decidedly
has not."

'"I told the two officers of justice that 'twas the other!" pleaded
Georgy.  "But they wouldn't believe me."

'And so it became clear that the missing dragoon was the tall young
farmer, and not Georgy Crookhill--a fact which Farmer Jollice himself
corroborated when he arrived on the scene.  As Georgy had only robbed the
robber, his sentence was comparatively light.  The deserter from the
Dragoons was never traced: his double shift of clothing having been of
the greatest advantage to him in getting off; though he left Georgy's
horse behind him a few miles ahead, having found the poor creature more
hindrance than aid.'

* * * * *

The man from abroad seemed to be less interested in the questionable
characters of Longpuddle and their strange adventures than in the
ordinary inhabitants and the ordinary events, though his local fellow-
travellers preferred the former as subjects of discussion.  He now for
the first time asked concerning young persons of the opposite sex--or
rather those who had been young when he left his native land.  His
informants, adhering to their own opinion that the remarkable was better
worth telling than the ordinary, would not allow him to dwell upon the
simple chronicles of those who had merely come and gone.  They asked him
if he remembered Netty Sargent.

'Netty Sargent--I do, just remember her.  She was a young woman living
with her uncle when I left, if my childish recollection may be trusted.'

'That was the maid.  She was a oneyer, if you like, sir.  Not any harm in
her, you know, but up to everything.  You ought to hear how she got the
copyhold of her house extended.  Oughtn't he, Mr. Day?'

'He ought,' replied the world-ignored old painter.

'Tell him, Mr. Day.  Nobody can do it better than you, and you know the
legal part better than some of us.'

Day apologized, and began:--


'She continued to live with her uncle, in the lonely house by the copse,
just as at the time you knew her; a tall spry young woman.  Ah, how well
one can remember her black hair and dancing eyes at that time, and her
sly way of screwing up her mouth when she meant to tease ye!  Well, she
was hardly out of short frocks before the chaps were after her, and by
long and by late she was courted by a young man whom perhaps you did not
know--Jasper Cliff was his name--and, though she might have had many a
better fellow, he so greatly took her fancy that 'twas Jasper or nobody
for her.  He was a selfish customer, always thinking less of what he was
going to do than of what he was going to gain by his doings.  Jasper's
eyes might have been fixed upon Netty, but his mind was upon her uncle's
house; though he was fond of her in his way--I admit that.

'This house, built by her great-great-grandfather, with its garden and
little field, was copyhold--granted upon lives in the old way, and had
been so granted for generations.  Her uncle's was the last life upon the
property; so that at his death, if there was no admittance of new lives,
it would all fall into the hands of the lord of the manor.  But 'twas
easy to admit--a slight "fine," as 'twas called, of a few pounds, was
enough to entitle him to a new deed o' grant by the custom of the manor;
and the lord could not hinder it.

'Now there could be no better provision for his niece and only relative
than a sure house over her head, and Netty's uncle should have seen to
the renewal in time, owing to the peculiar custom of forfeiture by the
dropping of the last life before the new fine was paid; for the Squire
was very anxious to get hold of the house and land; and every Sunday when
the old man came into the church and passed the Squire's pew, the Squire
would say, "A little weaker in his knees, a little crookeder in his
back--and the readmittance not applied for: ha! ha!  I shall be able to
make a complete clearing of that corner of the manor some day!"

''Twas extraordinary, now we look back upon it, that old Sargent should
have been so dilatory; yet some people are like it; and he put off
calling at the Squire's agent's office with the fine week after week,
saying to himself, "I shall have more time next market-day than I have
now."  One unfortunate hindrance was that he didn't very well like Jasper
Cliff; and as Jasper kept urging Netty, and Netty on that account kept
urging her uncle, the old man was inclined to postpone the re-liveing as
long as he could, to spite the selfish young lover.  At last old Mr.
Sargent fell ill, and then Jasper could bear it no longer: he produced
the fine-money himself, and handed it to Netty, and spoke to her plainly.

'"You and your uncle ought to know better.  You should press him more.
There's the money.  If you let the house and ground slip between ye, I
won't marry; hang me if I will!  For folks won't deserve a husband that
can do such things."

'The worried girl took the money and went home, and told her uncle that
it was no house no husband for her.  Old Mr. Sargent pooh-poohed the
money, for the amount was not worth consideration, but he did now bestir
himself; for he saw she was bent upon marrying Jasper, and he did not
wish to make her unhappy, since she was so determined.  It was much to
the Squire's annoyance that he found Sargent had moved in the matter at
last; but he could not gainsay it, and the documents were prepared (for
on this manor the copy-holders had writings with their holdings, though
on some manors they had none).  Old Sargent being now too feeble to go to
the agent's house, the deed was to be brought to his house signed, and
handed over as a receipt for the money; the counterpart to be signed by
Sargent, and sent back to the Squire.

'The agent had promised to call on old Sargent for this purpose at five
o'clock, and Netty put the money into her desk to have it close at hand.
While doing this she heard a slight cry from her uncle, and turning
round, saw that he had fallen forward in his chair.  She went and lifted
him, but he was unconscious; and unconscious he remained.  Neither
medicine nor stimulants would bring him to himself.  She had been told
that he might possibly go off in that way, and it seemed as if the end
had come.  Before she had started for a doctor his face and extremities
grew quite cold and white, and she saw that help would be useless.  He
was stone-dead.

'Netty's situation rose upon her distracted mind in all its seriousness.
The house, garden, and field were lost--by a few hours--and with them a
home for herself and her lover.  She would not think so meanly of Jasper
as to suppose that he would adhere to the resolution declared in a moment
of impatience; but she trembled, nevertheless.  Why could not her uncle
have lived a couple of hours longer, since he had lived so long?  It was
now past three o'clock; at five the agent was to call, and, if all had
gone well, by ten minutes past five the house and holding would have been
securely hers for her own and Jasper's lives, these being two of the
three proposed to be added by paying the fine.  How that wretched old
Squire would rejoice at getting the little tenancy into his hands!  He
did not really require it, but constitutionally hated these tiny
copyholds and leaseholds and freeholds, which made islands of
independence in the fair, smooth ocean of his estates.

'Then an idea struck into the head of Netty how to accomplish her object
in spite of her uncle's negligence.  It was a dull December afternoon:
and the first step in her scheme--so the story goes, and I see no reason
to doubt it--'

''Tis true as the light,' affirmed Christopher Twink.  'I was just
passing by.'

'The first step in her scheme was to fasten the outer door, to make sure
of not being interrupted.  Then she set to work by placing her uncle's
small, heavy oak table before the fire; then she went to her uncle's
corpse, sitting in the chair as he had died--a stuffed arm-chair, on
casters, and rather high in the seat, so it was told me--and wheeled the
chair, uncle and all, to the table, placing him with his back toward the
window, in the attitude of bending over the said oak table, which I knew
as a boy as well as I know any piece of furniture in my own house.  On
the table she laid the large family Bible open before him, and placed his
forefinger on the page; and then she opened his eyelids a bit, and put on
him his spectacles, so that from behind he appeared for all the world as
if he were reading the Scriptures.  Then she unfastened the door and sat
down, and when it grew dark she lit a candle, and put it on the table
beside her uncle's book.

'Folk may well guess how the time passed with her till the agent came,
and how, when his knock sounded upon the door, she nearly started out of
her skin--at least that's as it was told me.  Netty promptly went to the

'"I am sorry, sir," she says, under her breath; "my uncle is not so well
to-night, and I'm afraid he can't see you."

'"H'm!--that's a pretty tale," says the steward.  "So I've come all this
way about this trumpery little job for nothing!"

'"O no, sir--I hope not," says Netty.  "I suppose the business of
granting the new deed can be done just the same?"

'"Done?  Certainly not.  He must pay the renewal money, and sign the
parchment in my presence."

'She looked dubious.  "Uncle is so dreadful nervous about law business,"
says she, "that, as you know, he's put it off and put it off for years;
and now to-day really I've feared it would verily drive him out of his
mind.  His poor three teeth quite chattered when I said to him that you
would be here soon with the parchment writing.  He always was afraid of
agents, and folks that come for rent, and such-like."

'"Poor old fellow--I'm sorry for him.  Well, the thing can't be done
unless I see him and witness his signature."

'"Suppose, sir, that you see him sign, and he don't see you looking at
him?  I'd soothe his nerves by saying you weren't strict about the form
of witnessing, and didn't wish to come in.  So that it was done in your
bare presence it would be sufficient, would it not?  As he's such an old,
shrinking, shivering man, it would be a great considerateness on your
part if that would do?"

'"In my bare presence would do, of course--that's all I come for.  But
how can I be a witness without his seeing me?"

'"Why, in this way, sir; if you'll oblige me by just stepping here."  She
conducted him a few yards to the left, till they were opposite the
parlour window.  The blind had been left up purposely, and the candle-
light shone out upon the garden bushes.  Within the agent could see, at
the other end of the room, the back and side of the old man's head, and
his shoulders and arm, sitting with the book and candle before him, and
his spectacles on his nose, as she had placed him.

'"He's reading his Bible, as you see, sir," she says, quite in her
meekest way.

'"Yes.  I thought he was a careless sort of man in matters of religion?"

'"He always was fond of his Bible," Netty assured him.  "Though I think
he's nodding over it just at this moment However, that's natural in an
old man, and unwell.  Now you could stand here and see him sign, couldn't
you, sir, as he's such an invalid?"

'"Very well," said the agent, lighting a cigar.  "You have ready by you
the merely nominal sum you'll have to pay for the admittance, of course?"

'"Yes," said Netty.  "I'll bring it out."  She fetched the cash, wrapped
in paper, and handed it to him, and when he had counted it the steward
took from his breast pocket the precious parchments and gave one to her
to be signed.

'"Uncle's hand is a little paralyzed," she said.  "And what with his
being half asleep, too, really I don't know what sort of a signature
he'll be able to make."

'"Doesn't matter, so that he signs."

'"Might I hold his hand?"

'"Ay, hold his hand, my young woman--that will be near enough."

'Netty re-entered the house, and the agent continued smoking outside the
window.  Now came the ticklish part of Netty's performance.  The steward
saw her put the inkhorn--"horn," says I in my old-fashioned way--the
inkstand, before her uncle, and touch his elbow as to arouse him, and
speak to him, and spread out the deed; when she had pointed to show him
where to sign she dipped the pen and put it into his hand.  To hold his
hand she artfully stepped behind him, so that the agent could only see a
little bit of his head, and the hand she held; but he saw the old man's
hand trace his name on the document.  As soon as 'twas done she came out
to the steward with the parchment in her hand, and the steward signed as
witness by the light from the parlour window.  Then he gave her the deed
signed by the Squire, and left; and next morning Netty told the
neighbours that her uncle was dead in his bed.'

'She must have undressed him and put him there.'

'She must.  Oh, that girl had a nerve, I can tell ye!  Well, to cut a
long story short, that's how she got back the house and field that were,
strictly speaking, gone from her; and by getting them, got her a husband.

'Every virtue has its reward, they say.  Netty had hers for her ingenious
contrivance to gain Jasper.  Two years after they were married he took to
beating her--not hard, you know; just a smack or two, enough to set her
in a temper, and let out to the neighbours what she had done to win him,
and how she repented of her pains.  When the old Squire was dead, and his
son came into the property, this confession of hers began to be whispered
about.  But Netty was a pretty young woman, and the Squire's son was a
pretty young man at that time, and wider-minded than his father, having
no objection to little holdings; and he never took any proceedings
against her.'

There was now a lull in the discourse, and soon the van descended the
hill leading into the long straggling village.  When the houses were
reached the passengers dropped off one by one, each at his or her own
door.  Arrived at the inn, the returned emigrant secured a bed, and
having eaten a light meal, sallied forth upon the scene he had known so
well in his early days.  Though flooded with the light of the rising
moon, none of the objects wore the attractiveness in this their real
presentation that had ever accompanied their images in the field of his
imagination when he was more than two thousand miles removed from them.
The peculiar charm attaching to an old village in an old country, as seen
by the eyes of an absolute foreigner, was lowered in his case by
magnified expectations from infantine memories.  He walked on, looking at
this chimney and that old wall, till he came to the churchyard, which he

The head-stones, whitened by the moon, were easily decipherable; and now
for the first time Lackland began to feel himself amid the village
community that he had left behind him five-and-thirty years before.  Here,
besides the Sallets, the Darths, the Pawles, the Privetts, the Sargents,
and others of whom he had just heard, were names he remembered even
better than those: the Jickses, and the Crosses, and the Knights, and the
Olds.  Doubtless representatives of these families, or some of them, were
yet among the living; but to him they would all be as strangers.  Far
from finding his heart ready-supplied with roots and tendrils here, he
perceived that in returning to this spot it would be incumbent upon him
to re-establish himself from the beginning, precisely as though he had
never known the place, nor it him.  Time had not condescended to wait his
pleasure, nor local life his greeting.

The figure of Mr. Lackland was seen at the inn, and in the village
street, and in the fields and lanes about Upper Longpuddle, for a few
days after his arrival, and then, ghost-like, it silently disappeared.  He
had told some of the villagers that his immediate purpose in coming had
been fulfilled by a sight of the place, and by conversation with its
inhabitants: but that his ulterior purpose--of coming to spend his latter
days among them--would probably never be carried out.  It is now a dozen
or fifteen years since his visit was paid, and his face has not again
been seen.

_March_ 1891.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Life's Little Ironies" ***

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