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´╗┐Title: Last Days of Pompeii
Author: Lytton, Edward Bulwer Lytton, Baron, 1803-1873
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Last Days of Pompeii" ***

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by Edward George Bulwer-Lytton


Chapter I.


'HO, Diomed, well met!  Do you sup with Glaucus to-night?' said a young
man of small stature, who wore his tunic in those loose and effeminate
folds which proved him to be a gentleman and a coxcomb.

'Alas, no! dear Clodius; he has not invited me,' replied Diomed, a man
of portly frame and of middle age.  'By Pollux, a scurvy trick! for they
say his suppers are the best in Pompeii'.

'Pretty well--though there is never enough of wine for me.  It is not
the old Greek blood that flows in his veins, for he pretends that wine
makes him dull the next morning.'

'There may be another reason for that thrift,' said Diomed, raising his
brows.  'With all his conceit and extravagance he is not so rich, I
fancy, as he affects to be, and perhaps loves to save his amphorae
better than his wit.'

'An additional reason for supping with him while the sesterces last.
Next year, Diomed, we must find another Glaucus.'

'He is fond of the dice, too, I hear.'

'He is fond of every pleasure; and while he likes the pleasure of giving
suppers, we are all fond of him.'

'Ha, ha, Clodius, that is well said!  Have you ever seen my wine-cellars,

'I think not, my good Diomed.'

'Well, you must sup with me some evening; I have tolerable muraenae in
my reservoir, and I ask Pansa the aedile to meet you.'

'O, no state with me!--Persicos odi apparatus, I am easily contented.
Well, the day wanes; I am for the baths--and you...'

'To the quaestor--business of state--afterwards to the temple of Isis.

'An ostentatious, bustling, ill-bred fellow,' muttered Clodius to
himself, as he sauntered slowly away.  'He thinks with his feasts and
his wine-cellars to make us forget that he is the son of a freedman--and
so we will, when we do him the honour of winning his money; these rich
plebeians are a harvest for us spendthrift nobles.'

Thus soliloquising, Clodius arrived in the Via Domitiana, which was
crowded with passengers and chariots, and exhibited all that gay and
animated exuberance of life and motion which we find at this day in the
streets of Naples.

The bells of the cars as they rapidly glided by each other jingled
merrily on the ear, and Clodius with smiles or nods claimed familiar
acquaintance with whatever equipage was most elegant or fantastic: in
fact, no idler was better known in Pompeii.

'What, Clodius! and how have you slept on your good fortune?' cried, in
a pleasant and musical voice, a young man, in a chariot of the most
fastidious and graceful fashion.  Upon its surface of bronze were
elaborately wrought, in the still exquisite workmanship of Greece,
reliefs of the Olympian games; the two horses that drew the car were of
the rarest breed of Parthia; their slender limbs seemed to disdain the
ground and court the air, and yet at the slightest touch of the
charioteer, who stood behind the young owner of the equipage, they
paused motionless, as if suddenly transformed into stone--lifeless, but
lifelike, as one of the breathing wonders of Praxiteles. The owner
himself was of that slender and beautiful symmetry from which the
sculptors of Athens drew their models; his Grecian origin betrayed
itself in his light but clustering locks, and the perfect harmony of his
features.  He wore no toga, which in the time of the emperors had indeed
ceased to be the general distinction of the Romans, and was especially
ridiculed by the pretenders to fashion; but his tunic glowed in the
richest hues of the Tyrian dye, and the fibulae, or buckles, by which it
was fastened, sparkled with emeralds: around his neck was a chain of
gold, which in the middle of his breast twisted itself into the form of
a serpent's head, from the mouth of which hung pendent a large signet
ring of elaborate and most exquisite workmanship; the sleeves of the
tunic were loose, and fringed at the hand with gold: and across the
waist a girdle wrought in arabesque designs, and of the same material as
the fringe, served in lieu of pockets for the receptacle of the
handkerchief and the purse, the stilus and the tablets.

'My dear Glaucus!' said Clodius, 'I rejoice to see that your losses have
so little affected your mien.  Why, you seem as if you had been inspired
by Apollo, and your face shines with happiness like a glory; any one
might take you for the winner, and me for the loser.'

'And what is there in the loss or gain of those dull pieces of metal
that should change our spirit, my Clodius?  By Venus, while yet young,
we can cover our full locks with chaplets--while yet the cithara sounds
on unsated ears--while yet the smile of Lydia or of Chloe flashes over
our veins in which the blood runs so swiftly, so long shall we find
delight in the sunny air, and make bald time itself but the treasurer of
our joys.  You sup with me to-night, you know.'

'Who ever forgets the invitation of Glaucus!'

'But which way go you now?'

'Why, I thought of visiting the baths: but it wants yet an hour to the
usual time.'

'Well, I will dismiss my chariot, and go with you.  So, so, my Phylias,'
stroking the horse nearest to him, which by a low neigh and with
backward ears playfully acknowledged the courtesy: 'a holiday for you
to-day.  Is he not handsome, Clodius?'

'Worthy of Phoebus,' returned the noble parasite--'or of Glaucus.'

Chapter II


TALKING lightly on a thousand matters, the two young men sauntered
through the streets; they were now in that quarter which was filled with
the gayest shops, their open interiors all and each radiant with the
gaudy yet harmonious colors of frescoes, inconceivably varied in fancy
and design. The sparkling fountains, that at every vista threw upwards
their grateful spray in the summer air; the crowd of passengers, or
rather loiterers, mostly clad in robes of the Tyrian dye; the gay groups
collected round each more attractive shop; the slaves passing to and fro
with buckets of bronze, cast in the most graceful shapes, and borne upon
their heads; the country girls stationed at frequent intervals with
baskets of blushing fruit, and flowers more alluring to the ancient
Italians than to their descendants (with whom, indeed, "latet anguis in
herba," a disease seems lurking in every violet and rose); the numerous
haunts which fulfilled with that idle people the office of cafes and
clubs at this day; the shops, where on shelves of marble were ranged the
vases of wine and oil, and before whose thresholds, seats, protected
from the sun by a purple awning, invited the weary to rest and the
indolent to lounge--made a scene of such glowing and vivacious
excitement, as might well give the Athenian spirit of Glaucus an excuse
for its susceptibility to joy.

'Talk to me no more of Rome,' said he to Clodius.  'Pleasure is too
stately and ponderous in those mighty walls: even in the precincts of
the court--even in the Golden House of Nero, and the incipient glories
of the palace of Titus, there is a certain dulness of magnificence--the
eye aches--the spirit is wearied; besides, my Clodius, we are
discontented when we compare the enormous luxury and wealth of others
with the mediocrity of our own state.  But here we surrender ourselves
easily to pleasure, and we have the brilliancy of luxury without the
lassitude of its pomp.'

'It was from that feeling that you chose your summer retreat at

'It was.  I prefer it to Baiae: I grant the charms of the latter, but I
love not the pedants who resort there, and who seem to weigh out their
pleasures by the drachm.'

'Yet you are fond of the learned, too; and as for poetry, why, your
house is literally eloquent with AEschylus and Homer, the epic and the

'Yes, but those Romans who mimic my Athenian ancestors do everything so
heavily.  Even in the chase they make their slaves carry Plato with
them; and whenever the boar is lost, out they take their books and their
papyrus, in order not to lose their time too. When the dancing-girls
swim before them in all the blandishment of Persian manners, some drone
of a freedman, with a face of stone, reads them a section of Cicero "De
Officiis".  Unskilful pharmacists! pleasure and study are not elements
to be thus mixed together, they must be enjoyed separately: the Romans
lose both by this pragmatical affectation of refinement, and prove that
they have no souls for either. Oh, my Clodius, how little your
countrymen know of the true versatility of a Pericles, of the true
witcheries of an Aspasia!  It was but the other day that I paid a visit
to Pliny: he was sitting in his summer-house writing, while an
unfortunate slave played on the tibia.  His nephew (oh! whip me such
philosophical coxcombs!) was reading Thucydides' description of the
plague, and nodding his conceited little head in time to the music,
while his lips were repeating all the loathsome details of that terrible
delineation. The puppy saw nothing incongruous in learning at the same
time a ditty of love and a description of the plague.'

'Why, they are much the same thing,' said Clodius.

'So I told him, in excuse for his coxcombry--but my youth stared me
rebukingly in the face, without taking the jest, and answered, that it
was only the insensate ear that the music pleased, whereas the book (the
description of the plague, mind you!) elevated the heart.  "Ah!" quoth
the fat uncle, wheezing, "my boy is quite an Athenian, always mixing the
utile with the dulce." O Minerva, how I laughed in my sleeve!  While I
was there, they came to tell the boy-sophist that his favorite freedman
was just dead of a fever.  "Inexorable death!" cried he; "get me my
Horace.  How beautifully the sweet poet consoles us for these
misfortunes!"  Oh, can these men love, my Clodius?  Scarcely even with
the senses.  How rarely a Roman has a heart!  He is but the mechanism of
genius--he wants its bones and flesh.'

Though Clodius was secretly a little sore at these remarks on his
countrymen, he affected to sympathize with his friend, partly because he
was by nature a parasite, and partly because it was the fashion among
the dissolute young Romans to affect a little contempt for the very
birth which, in reality, made them so arrogant; it was the mode to
imitate the Greeks, and yet to laugh at their own clumsy imitation.

Thus conversing, their steps were arrested by a crowd gathered round an
open space where three streets met; and, just where the porticoes of a
light and graceful temple threw their shade, there stood a young girl,
with a flower-basket on her right arm, and a small three-stringed
instrument of music in the left hand, to whose low and soft tones she
was modulating a wild and half-barbaric air.  At every pause in the
music she gracefully waved her flower-basket round, inviting the
loiterers to buy; and many a sesterce was showered into the basket,
either in compliment to the music or in compassion to the
songstress--for she was blind.

'It is my poor Thessalian,' said Glaucus, stopping; 'I have not seen her
since my return to Pompeii.  Hush! her voice is sweet; let us listen.'



         Buy my flowers--O buy--I pray!
           The blind girl comes from afar;
         If the earth be as fair as I hear them say,
           These flowers her children are!
         Do they her beauty keep?
           They are fresh from her lap, I know;
         For I caught them fast asleep
           In her arms an hour ago.
           With the air which is her breath--
          Her soft and delicate breath--
          Over them murmuring low!

        On their lips her sweet kiss lingers yet,
        And their cheeks with her tender tears are wet.
        For she weeps--that gentle mother weeps--
       (As morn and night her watch she keeps,
        With a yearning heart and a passionate care)
        To see the young things grow so fair;
           She weeps--for love she weeps;
           And the dews are the tears she weeps
           From the well of a mother's love!


         Ye have a world of light,
           Where love in the loved rejoices;
         But the blind girl's home is the House of Night,
           And its beings are empty voices.

           As one in the realm below,
           I stand by the streams of woe!
           I hear the vain shadows glide,
           I feel their soft breath at my side.
             And I thirst the loved forms to see,
           And I stretch my fond arms around,
           And I catch but a shapeless sound,
           For the living are ghosts to me.

            Come buy--come buy?--
          (Hark! how the sweet things sigh
           For they have a voice like ours),
           `The breath of the blind girl closes
           The leaves of the saddening roses--
          We are tender, we sons of light,
           We shrink from this child of night;
           From the grasp of the blind girl free us--
          We yearn for the eyes that see us--
         We are for night too gay,
           In your eyes we behold the day--
             O buy--O buy the flowers!'

'I must have yon bunch of violets, sweet Nydia,' said Glaucus, pressing
through the crowd, and dropping a handful of small coins into the
basket; 'your voice is more charming than ever.'

The blind girl started forward as she heard the Athenian's voice; then
as suddenly paused, while the blood rushed violently over neck, cheek,
and temples.

'So you are returned!' said she, in a low voice; and then repeated half
to herself, 'Glaucus is returned!'

'Yes, child, I have not been at Pompeii above a few days.  My garden
wants your care, as before; you will visit it, I trust, to-morrow.  And
mind, no garlands at my house shall be woven by any hands but those of
the pretty Nydia.'

Nydia smiled joyously, but did not answer; and Glaucus, placing in his
breast the violets he had selected, turned gaily and carelessly from the

'So she is a sort of client of yours, this child?' said Clodius.

'Ay--does she not sing prettily?  She interests me, the poor slave!
Besides, she is from the land of the Gods' hill--Olympus frowned upon
her cradle--she is of Thessaly.'

'The witches' country.'

'True: but for my part I find every woman a witch; and at Pompeii, by
Venus! the very air seems to have taken a love-philtre, so handsome does
every face without a beard seem in my eyes.'

'And lo! one of the handsomest in Pompeii, old Diomed's daughter, the
rich Julia!' said Clodius, as a young lady, her face covered by her
veil, and attended by two female slaves, approached them, in her way to
the baths.

'Fair Julia, we salute thee!' said Clodius.

Julia partly raised her veil, so as with some coquetry to display a bold
Roman profile, a full dark bright eye, and a cheek over whose natural
olive art shed a fairer and softer rose.

'And Glaucus, too, is returned!' said she, glancing meaningly at the
Athenian.  'Has he forgotten,' she added, in a half-whisper, 'his
friends of the last year?'

'Beautiful Julia! even Lethe itself, if it disappear in one part of the
earth, rises again in another.  Jupiter does not allow us ever to forget
for more than a moment: but Venus, more harsh still, vouchsafes not even
a moment's oblivion.'

'Glaucus is never at a loss for fair words.'

'Who is, when the object of them is so fair?'

'We shall see you both at my father's villa soon,' said Julia, turning
to Clodius.

'We will mark the day in which we visit you with a white stone,'
answered the gamester.

Julia dropped her veil, but slowly, so that her last glance rested on
the Athenian with affected timidity and real boldness; the glance
bespoke tenderness and reproach.

The friends passed on.

'Julia is certainly handsome,' said Glaucus.

'And last year you would have made that confession in a warmer tone.'

'True; I was dazzled at the first sight, and mistook for a gem that
which was but an artful imitation.'

'Nay,' returned Clodius, 'all women are the same at heart.  Happy he who
weds a handsome face and a large dower.  What more can he desire?'

Glaucus sighed.

They were now in a street less crowded than the rest, at the end of
which they beheld that broad and most lovely sea, which upon those
delicious coasts seems to have renounced its prerogative of terror--so
soft are the crisping winds that hover around its bosom, so glowing and
so various are the hues which it takes from the rosy clouds, so fragrant
are the perfumes which the breezes from the land scatter over its
depths.  From such a sea might you well believe that Aphrodite rose to
take the empire of the earth.

'It is still early for the bath,' said the Greek, who was the creature
of every poetical impulse; 'let us wander from the crowded city, and
look upon the sea while the noon yet laughs along its billows.'

'With all my heart,' said Clodius; 'and the bay, too, is always the most
animated part of the city.'

Pompeii was the miniature of the civilization of that age. Within the
narrow compass of its walls was contained, as it were, a specimen of
every gift which luxury offered to power.  In its minute but glittering
shops, its tiny palaces, its baths, its forum, its theatre, its
circus--in the energy yet corruption, in the refinement yet the vice, of
its people, you beheld a model of the whole empire. It was a toy, a
plaything, a showbox, in which the gods seemed pleased to keep the
representation of the great monarchy of earth, and which they afterwards
hid from time, to give to the wonder of posterity--the moral of the
maxim, that under the sun there is nothing new.

Crowded in the glassy bay were the vessels of commerce and the gilded
galleys for the pleasures of the rich citizens.  The boats of the
fishermen glided rapidly to and fro; and afar off you saw the tall masts
of the fleet under the command of Pliny.  Upon the shore sat a Sicilian
who, with vehement gestures and flexile features, was narrating to a
group of fishermen and peasants a strange tale of shipwrecked mariners
and friendly dolphins--just as at this day, in the modern neighborhood,
you may hear upon the Mole of Naples.

Drawing his comrade from the crowd, the Greek bent his steps towards a
solitary part of the beach, and the two friends, seated on a small crag
which rose amidst the smooth pebbles, inhaled the voluptuous and cooling
breeze, which dancing over the waters, kept music with its invisible
feet. There was, perhaps, something in the scene that invited them to
silence and reverie.  Clodius, shading his eyes from the burning sky,
was calculating the gains of the last week; and the Greek, leaning upon
his hand, and shrinking not from that sun--his nation's tutelary
deity--with whose fluent light of poesy, and joy, and love, his own
veins were filled, gazed upon the broad expanse, and envied, perhaps,
every wind that bent its pinions towards the shores of Greece.

'Tell me, Clodius,' said the Greek at last, 'hast thou ever been in

'Yes, very often.'

'He who has loved often,' answered Glaucus, 'has loved never. There is
but one Eros, though there are many counterfeits of him.'

'The counterfeits are not bad little gods, upon the whole,' answered

'I agree with you,' returned the Greek.  'I adore even the shadow of
Love; but I adore himself yet more.'

'Art thou, then, soberly and honestly in love?  Hast thou that feeling
which the poets describe--a feeling that makes us neglect our suppers,
forswear the theatre, and write elegies?  I should never have thought
it.  You dissemble well.'

'I am not far gone enough for that,' returned Glaucus, smiling, 'or
rather I say with Tibullus--

He whom love rules, where'er his path may be, Walks safe and sacred.

In fact, I am not in love; but I could be if there were but occasion to
see the object.  Eros would light his torch, but the priests have given
him no oil.'

'Shall I guess the object?--Is it not Diomed's daughter?  She adores
you, and does not affect to conceal it; and, by Hercules, I say again
and again, she is both handsome and rich.  She will bind the door-posts
of her husband with golden fillets.'

'No, I do not desire to sell myself.  Diomed's daughter is handsome, I
grant: and at one time, had she not been the grandchild of a freedman, I
might have...  Yet no--she carries all her beauty in her face; her
manners are not maiden-like, and her mind knows no culture save that of

'You are ungrateful.  Tell me, then, who is the fortunate virgin?'

'You shall hear, my Clodius.  Several months ago I was sojourning at
Neapolis, a city utterly to my own heart, for it still retains the
manners and stamp of its Grecian origin--and it yet merits the name of
Parthenope, from its delicious air and its beautiful shores. One day I
entered the temple of Minerva, to offer up my prayers, not for myself
more than for the city on which Pallas smiles no longer. The temple was
empty and deserted. The recollections of Athens crowded fast and
meltingly upon me: imagining myself still alone in the temple, and
absorbed in the earnestness of my devotion, my prayer gushed from my
heart to my lips, and I wept as I prayed. I was startled in the midst of
my devotions, however, by a deep sigh; I turned suddenly round, and just
behind me was a female.  She had raised her veil also in prayer: and
when our eyes met, methought a celestial ray shot from those dark and
smiling orbs at once into my soul.  Never, my Clodius, have I seen
mortal face more exquisitely molded: a certain melancholy softened and
yet elevated its expression: that unutterable something, which springs
from the soul, and which our sculptors have imparted to the aspect of
Psyche, gave her beauty I know not what of divine and noble; tears were
rolling down her eyes.  I guessed at once that she was also of Athenian
lineage; and that in my prayer for Athens her heart had responded to
mine. I spoke to her, though with a faltering voice--"Art thou not, too,
Athenian?" said I, "O beautiful virgin!" At the sound of my voice she
blushed, and half drew her veil across her face.--"My forefathers'
ashes," said she, "repose by the waters of Ilissus: my birth is of
Neapolis; but my heart, as my lineage, is Athenian."--"Let us, then,"
said I, "make our offerings together": and, as the priest now appeared,
we stood side by side, while we followed the priest in his ceremonial
prayer; together we touched the knees of the goddess--together we laid
our olive garlands on the altar. I felt a strange emotion of almost
sacred tenderness at this companionship. We, strangers from a far and
fallen land, stood together and alone in that temple of our country's
deity: was it not natural that my heart should yearn to my countrywoman,
for so I might surely call her?  I felt as if I had known her for years;
and that simple rite seemed, as by a miracle, to operate on the
sympathies and ties of time.  Silently we left the temple, and I was
about to ask her where she dwelt, and if I might be permitted to visit
her, when a youth, in whose features there was some kindred resemblance
to her own, and who stood upon the steps of the fane, took her by the
hand.  She turned round and bade me farewell.  The crowd separated us: I
saw her no more.  On reaching my home I found letters, which obliged me
to set out for Athens, for my relations threatened me with litigation
concerning my inheritance. When that suit was happily over, I repaired
once more to Neapolis; I instituted inquiries throughout the whole city,
I could discover no clue of my lost countrywoman, and, hoping to lose in
gaiety all remembrance of that beautiful apparition, I hastened to
plunge myself amidst the luxuries of Pompeii.  This is all my history.
I do not love; but I remember and regret.'

As Clodius was about to reply, a slow and stately step approached them,
and at the sound it made amongst the pebbles, each turned, and each
recognized the new-comer.

It was a man who had scarcely reached his fortieth year, of tall
stature, and of a thin but nervous and sinewy frame.  His skin, dark and
bronzed, betrayed his Eastern origin; and his features had something
Greek in their outline (especially in the chin, the lip, and the brow),
save that the nose was somewhat raised and aquiline; and the bones, hard
and visible, forbade that fleshy and waving contour which on the Grecian
physiognomy preserved even in manhood the round and beautiful curves of
youth.  His eyes, large and black as the deepest night, shone with no
varying and uncertain lustre. A deep, thoughtful, and half-melancholy
calm seemed unalterably fixed in their majestic and commanding gaze.
His step and mien were peculiarly sedate and lofty, and something
foreign in the fashion and the sober hues of his sweeping garments added
to the impressive effect of his quiet countenance and stately form.
Each of the young men, in saluting the new-comer, made mechanically, and
with care to conceal it from him, a slight gesture or sign with their
fingers; for Arbaces, the Egyptian, was supposed to possess the fatal
gift of the evil eye.

'The scene must, indeed, be beautiful,' said Arbaces, with a cold though
courteous smile, 'which draws the gay Clodius, and Glaucus the all
admired, from the crowded thoroughfares of the city.'

'Is Nature ordinarily so unattractive?' asked the Greek.

'To the dissipated--yes.'

'An austere reply, but scarcely a wise one.  Pleasure delights in
contrasts; it is from dissipation that we learn to enjoy solitude, and
from solitude dissipation.'

'So think the young philosophers of the Garden,' replied the Egyptian;
'they mistake lassitude for meditation, and imagine that, because they
are sated with others, they know the delight of loneliness.  But not in
such jaded bosoms can Nature awaken that enthusiasm which alone draws
from her chaste reserve all her unspeakable beauty: she demands from
you, not the exhaustion of passion, but all that fervor, from which you
only seek, in adoring her, a release.  When, young Athenian, the moon
revealed herself in visions of light to Endymion, it was after a day
passed, not amongst the feverish haunts of men, but on the still
mountains and in the solitary valleys of the hunter.'

'Beautiful simile!' cried Glaucus; 'most unjust application! Exhaustion!
that word is for age, not youth.  By me, at least, one moment of satiety
has never been known!'

Again the Egyptian smiled, but his smile was cold and blighting, and
even the unimaginative Clodius froze beneath its light.  He did not,
however, reply to the passionate exclamation of Glaucus; but, after a
pause, he said, in a soft and melancholy voice:

'After all, you do right to enjoy the hour while it smiles for you; the
rose soon withers, the perfume soon exhales.  And we, O Glaucus!
strangers in the land and far from our fathers' ashes, what is there
left for us but pleasure or regret!--for you the first, perhaps for me
the last.'

The bright eyes of the Greek were suddenly suffused with tears. 'Ah,
speak not, Arbaces,' he cried--'speak not of our ancestors.  Let us
forget that there were ever other liberties than those of Rome!  And
Glory!--oh, vainly would we call her ghost from the fields of Marathon
and Thermopylae!'

'Thy heart rebukes thee while thou speakest,' said the Egyptian; 'and in
thy gaieties this night, thou wilt be more mindful of Leoena than of
Lais. Vale!'

Thus saying, he gathered his robe around him, and slowly swept away.

'I breathe more freely,' said Clodius.  'Imitating the Egyptians, we
sometimes introduce a skeleton at our feasts.  In truth, the presence of
such an Egyptian as yon gliding shadow were spectre enough to sour the
richest grape of the Falernian.'

'Strange man! said Glaucus, musingly; 'yet dead though he seem to
pleasure, and cold to the objects of the world, scandal belies him, or
his house and his heart could tell a different tale.'

'Ah! there are whispers of other orgies than those of Osiris in his
gloomy mansion.  He is rich, too, they say.  Can we not get him amongst
us, and teach him the charms of dice?  Pleasure of pleasures! hot fever
of hope and fear! inexpressible unjaded passion! how fiercely beautiful
thou art, O Gaming!'

'Inspired--inspired!' cried Glaucus, laughing; 'the oracle speaks poetry
in Clodius.  What miracle next!'

Chapter III


HEAVEN had given to Glaucus every blessing but one: it had given him
beauty, health, fortune, genius, illustrious descent, a heart of fire, a
mind of poetry; but it had denied him the heritage of freedom. He was
born in Athens, the subject of Rome.  Succeeding early to an ample
inheritance, he had indulged that inclination for travel so natural to
the young, and had drunk deep of the intoxicating draught of pleasure
amidst the gorgeous luxuries of the imperial court.

He was an Alcibiades without ambition.  He was what a man of
imagination, youth, fortune, and talents, readily becomes when you
deprive him of the inspiration of glory.  His house at Rome was the
theme of the debauchees, but also of the lovers of art; and the
sculptors of Greece delighted to task their skill in adorning the
porticoes and exedrae of an Athenian.  His retreat in Pompeii--alas! the
colors are faded now, the walls stripped of their paintings!--its main
beauty, its elaborate finish of grace and ornament, is gone; yet when
first given once more to the day, what eulogies, what wonder, did its
minute and glowing decorations create--its paintings--its mosaics!
Passionately enamoured of poetry and the drama, which recalled to
Glaucus the wit and the heroism of his race, that fairy mansion was
adorned with representations of AEschylus and Homer.  And antiquaries,
who resolve taste to a trade, have turned the patron to the professor,
and still (though the error is now acknowledged) they style in custom,
as they first named in mistake, the disburied house of the Athenian

Previous to our description of this house, it may be as well to convey
to the reader a general notion of the houses of Pompeii, which he will
find to resemble strongly the plans of Vitruvius; but with all those
differences in detail, of caprice and taste, which being natural to
mankind, have always puzzled antiquaries.  We shall endeavor to make
this description as clear and unpedantic as possible.

You enter then, usually, by a small entrance-passage (called
cestibulum), into a hall, sometimes with (but more frequently without)
the ornament of columns; around three sides of this hall are doors
communicating with several bedchambers (among which is the porter's),
the best of these being usually appropriated to country visitors.  At
the extremity of the hall, on either side to the right and left, if the
house is large, there are two small recesses, rather than chambers,
generally devoted to the ladies of the mansion; and in the centre of the
tessellated pavement of the hall is invariably a square, shallow
reservoir for rain water (classically termed impluvium), which was
admitted by an aperture in the roof above; the said aperture being
covered at will by an awning.  Near this impluvium, which had a peculiar
sanctity in the eyes of the ancients, were sometimes (but at Pompeii
more rarely than at Rome) placed images of the household gods--the
hospitable hearth, often mentioned by the Roman poets, and consecrated
to the Lares, was at Pompeii almost invariably formed by a movable
brazier; while in some corner, often the most ostentatious place, was
deposited a huge wooden chest, ornamented and strengthened by bands of
bronze or iron, and secured by strong hooks upon a stone pedestal so
firmly as to defy the attempts of any robber to detach it from its
position. It is supposed that this chest was the money-box, or coffer,
of the master of the house; though as no money has been found in any of
the chests discovered at Pompeii, it is probable that it was sometimes
rather designed for ornament than use.

In this hall (or atrium, to speak classically) the clients and visitors
of inferior rank were usually received.  In the houses of the more
'respectable', an atriensis, or slave peculiarly devoted to the service
of the hall, was invariably retained, and his rank among his
fellow-slaves was high and important.  The reservoir in the centre must
have been rather a dangerous ornament, but the centre of the hall was
like the grass-plot of a college, and interdicted to the passers to and
fro, who found ample space in the margin.  Right opposite the entrance,
at the other end of the hall, was an apartment (tablinum), in which the
pavement was usually adorned with rich mosaics, and the walls covered
with elaborate paintings.  Here were usually kept the records of the
family, or those of any public office that had been filled by the owner:
on one side of this saloon, if we may so call it, was often a
dining-room, or triclinium; on the other side, perhaps, what we should
now term a cabinet of gems, containing whatever curiosities were deemed
most rare and costly; and invariably a small passage for the slaves to
cross to the further parts of the house, without passing the apartments
thus mentioned.  These rooms all opened on a square or oblong colonnade,
technically termed peristyle.  If the house was small, its boundary
ceased with this colonnade; and in that case its centre, however
diminutive, was ordinarily appropriated to the purpose of a garden, and
adorned with vases of flowers, placed upon pedestals: while, under the
colonnade, to the right and left, were doors admitting to bedrooms, to a
second triclinium, or eating-room (for the ancients generally
appropriated two rooms at least to that purpose, one for summer, and one
for winter--or, perhaps, one for ordinary, the other for festive,
occasions); and if the owner affected letters, a cabinet, dignified by
the name of library--for a very small room was sufficient to contain the
few rolls of papyrus which the ancients deemed a notable collection of

At the end of the peristyle was generally the kitchen.  Supposing the
house was large, it did not end with the peristyle, and the centre
thereof was not in that case a garden, but might be, perhaps, adorned
with a fountain, or basin for fish; and at its end, exactly opposite to
the tablinum, was generally another eating-room, on either side of which
were bedrooms, and, perhaps, a picture-saloon, or pinacotheca.  These
apartments communicated again with a square or oblong space, usually
adorned on three sides with a colonnade like the peristyle, and very
much resembling the peristyle, only usually longer.  This was the proper
viridarium, or garden, being commonly adorned with a fountain, or
statues, and a profusion of gay flowers: at its extreme end was the
gardener's house; on either side, beneath the colonnade, were sometimes,
if the size of the family required it, additional rooms.

At Pompeii, a second or third story was rarely of importance, being
built only above a small part of the house, and containing rooms for the
slaves; differing in this respect from the more magnificent edifices of
Rome, which generally contained the principal eating-room (or
caenaculum) on the second floor.  The apartments themselves were
ordinarily of small size; for in those delightful climes they received
any extraordinary number of visitors in the peristyle (or portico), the
hall, or the garden; and even their banquet-rooms, however elaborately
adorned and carefully selected in point of aspect, were of diminutive
proportions; for the intellectual ancients, being fond of society, not
of crowds, rarely feasted more than nine at a time, so that large
dinner-rooms were not so necessary with them as with us. But the suite
of rooms seen at once from the entrance, must have had a very imposing
effect: you beheld at once the hall richly paved and painted--the
tablinum--the graceful peristyle, and (if the house extended farther)
the opposite banquet-room and the garden, which closed the view with
some gushing fount or marble statue.

The reader will now have a tolerable notion of the Pompeian houses,
which resembled in some respects the Grecian, but mostly the Roman
fashion of domestic architecture.  In almost every house there is some
difference in detail from the rest, but the principal outline is the
same in all.  In all you find the hall, the tablinum, and the peristyle,
communicating with each other; in all you find the walls richly painted;
and all the evidence of a people fond of the refining elegancies of
life.  The purity of the taste of the Pompeians in decoration is,
however, questionable: they were fond of the gaudiest colors, of
fantastic designs; they often painted the lower half of their columns a
bright red, leaving the rest uncolored; and where the garden was small,
its wall was frequently tinted to deceive the eye as to its extent,
imitating trees, birds, temples, etc., in perspective--a meretricious
delusion which the graceful pedantry of Pliny himself adopted, with a
complacent pride in its ingenuity.

But the house of Glaucus was at once one of the smallest, and yet one of
the most adorned and finished of all the private mansions of Pompeii: it
would be a model at this day for the house of 'a single man in
Mayfair'--the envy and despair of the coelibian purchasers of buhl
and marquetry.

You enter by a long and narrow vestibule, on the floor of which is the
image of a dog in mosaic, with the well-known 'Cave canem'--or 'Beware
the dog'. On either side is a chamber of some size; for the interior
part of the house not being large enough to contain the two great
divisions of private and public apartments, these two rooms were set
apart for the reception of visitors who neither by rank nor familiarity
were entitled to admission in the penetralia of the mansion.

Advancing up the vestibule you enter an atrium, that when first
discovered was rich in paintings, which in point of expression would
scarcely disgrace a Rafaele.  You may see them now transplanted to the
Neapolitan Museum: they are still the admiration of connoisseurs--they
depict the parting of Achilles and Briseis.  Who does not acknowledge
the force, the vigour, the beauty, employed in delineating the forms and
faces of Achilles and the immortal slave!

On one side the atrium, a small staircase admitted to the apartments for
the slaves on the second floor; there also were two or three small
bedrooms, the walls of which portrayed the rape of Europa, the battle of
the Amazons, etc.

You now enter the tablinum, across which, at either end, hung rich
draperies of Tyrian purple, half withdrawn.  On the walls was depicted a
poet reading his verses to his friends; and in the pavement was inserted
a small and most exquisite mosaic, typical of the instructions given by
the director of the stage to his comedians.

You passed through this saloon and entered the peristyle; and here (as I
have said before was usually the case with the smaller houses of
Pompeii) the mansion ended.  From each of the seven columns that adorned
this court hung festoons of garlands: the centre, supplying the place of
a garden, bloomed with the rarest flowers placed in vases of white
marble, that were supported on pedestals.  At the left hand of this
small garden was a diminutive fane, resembling one of those small
chapels placed at the side of roads in Catholic countries, and dedicated
to the Penates; before it stood a bronzed tripod: to the left of the
colonnade were two small cubicula, or bedrooms; to the right was the
triclinium, in which the guests were now assembled.

This room is usually termed by the antiquaries of Naples 'The Chamber of
Leda'; and in the beautiful work of Sir William Gell, the reader will
find an engraving from that most delicate and graceful painting of Leda
presenting her newborn to her husband, from which the room derives its
name. This charming apartment opened upon the fragrant garden.  Round
the table of citrean wood, highly polished and delicately wrought with
silver arabesques, were placed the three couches, which were yet more
common at Pompeii than the semicircular seat that had grown lately into
fashion at Rome: and on these couches of bronze, studded with richer
metals, were laid thick quiltings covered with elaborate broidery, and
yielding luxuriously to the pressure.

'Well, I must own,' said the aedile Pansa, 'that your house, though
scarcely larger than a case for one's fibulae, is a gem of its kind.
How beautifully painted is that parting of Achilles and Briseis!--what a
style!--what heads!--what a-hem!'

'Praise from Pansa is indeed valuable on such subjects,' said Clodius,
gravely.  'Why, the paintings on his walls!--Ah! there is, indeed, the
hand of a Zeuxis!'

'You flatter me, my Clodius; indeed you do,' quoth the aedile, who was
celebrated through Pompeii for having the worst paintings in the world;
for he was patriotic, and patronized none but Pompeians.  'You flatter
me; but there is something pretty--AEdepol, yes--in the colors, to say
nothing of the design--and then for the kitchen, my friends--ah! that
was all my fancy.'

'What is the design?' said Glaucus.  'I have not yet seen your kitchen,
though I have often witnessed the excellence of its cheer.'

'A cook, my Athenian--a cook sacrificing the trophies of his skill on
the altar of Vesta, with a beautiful muraena (taken from the life) on a
spit at a distance--there is some invention there!'

At that instant the slaves appeared, bearing a tray covered with the
first preparative initia of the feast.  Amidst delicious figs, fresh
herbs strewed with snow, anchovies, and eggs, were ranged small cups of
diluted wine sparingly mixed with honey.  As these were placed on the
table, young slaves bore round to each of the five guests (for there
were no more) the silver basin of perfumed water, and napkins edged with
a purple fringe.  But the aedile ostentatiously drew forth his own
napkin, which was not, indeed, of so fine a linen, but in which the
fringe was twice as broad, and wiped his hands with the parade of a man
who felt he was calling for admiration.

'A splendid nappa that of yours,' said Clodius; 'why, the fringe is as
broad as a girdle!'

'A trifle, my Clodius: a trifle!  They tell me this stripe is the latest
fashion at Rome; but Glaucus attends to these things more than I.'

'Be propitious, O Bacchus!' said Glaucus, inclining reverentially to a
beautiful image of the god placed in the centre of the table, at the
corners of which stood the Lares and the salt-holders.  The guests
followed the prayer, and then, sprinkling the wine on the table, they
performed the wonted libation.

This over, the convivialists reclined themselves on the couches, and the
business of the hour commenced.

'May this cup be my last!' said the young Sallust, as the table, cleared
of its first stimulants, was now loaded with the substantial part of the
entertainment, and the ministering slave poured forth to him a brimming
cyathus--'May this cup be my last, but it is the best wine I have drunk
at Pompeii!'

'Bring hither the amphora,' said Glaucus, 'and read its date and its

The slave hastened to inform the party that the scroll fastened to the
cork betokened its birth from Chios, and its age a ripe fifty years.

'How deliciously the snow has cooled it!' said Pansa.  'It is just

'It is like the experience of a man who has cooled his pleasures
sufficiently to give them a double zest,' exclaimed Sallust.

'It is like a woman's "No",' added Glaucus: 'it cools, but to inflame
the more.'

'When is our next wild-beast fight?' said Clodius to Pansa.

'It stands fixed for the ninth ide of August,' answered Pansa: 'on the
day after the Vulcanalia--we have a most lovely young lion for the

'Whom shall we get for him to eat?' asked Clodius.  'Alas! there is a
great scarcity of criminals.  You must positively find some innocent or
other to condemn to the lion, Pansa!'

'Indeed I have thought very seriously about it of late,' replied the
aedile, gravely.  'It was a most infamous law that which forbade us to
send our own slaves to the wild beasts.  Not to let us do what we like
with our own, that's what I call an infringement on property itself.'

'Not so in the good old days of the Republic,' sighed Sallust.

'And then this pretended mercy to the slaves is such a disappointment to
the poor people.  How they do love to see a good tough battle between a
man and a lion; and all this innocent pleasure they may lose (if the
gods don't send us a good criminal soon) from this cursed law!'

'What can be worse policy,' said Clodius, sententiously, 'than to
interfere with the manly amusements of the people?'

'Well thank Jupiter and the Fates! we have no Nero at present,' said

'He was, indeed, a tyrant; he shut up our amphitheatre for ten years.'

'I wonder it did not create a rebellion,' said Sallust.

'It very nearly did,' returned Pansa, with his mouth full of wild boar.

Here the conversation was interrupted for a moment by a flourish of
flutes, and two slaves entered with a single dish.

'Ah, what delicacy hast thou in store for us now, my Glaucus?' cried the
young Sallust, with sparkling eyes.

Sallust was only twenty-four, but he had no pleasure in life like
eating--perhaps he had exhausted all the others: yet had he some talent,
and an excellent heart--as far as it went.

'I know its face, by Pollux!' cried Pansa.  'It is an Ambracian Kid.  Ho
(snapping his fingers, a usual signal to the slaves) we must prepare a
new libation in honour to the new-comer.'

'I had hoped said Glaucus, in a melancholy tone, 'to have procured you
some oysters from Britain; but the winds that were so cruel to Caesar
have forbid us the oysters.'

'Are they in truth so delicious?' asked Lepidus, loosening to a yet more
luxurious ease his ungirdled tunic.

'Why, in truth, I suspect it is the distance that gives the flavor; they
want the richness of the Brundusium oyster.  But, at Rome, no supper is
complete without them.'

'The poor Britons!  There is some good in them after all,' said Sallust.
'They produce an oyster.'

'I wish they would produce us a gladiator,' said the aedile, whose
provident mind was musing over the wants of the amphitheatre.

'By Pallas!' cried Glaucus, as his favorite slave crowned his streaming
locks with a new chaplet, 'I love these wild spectacles well enough when
beast fights beast; but when a man, one with bones and blood like ours,
is coldly put on the arena, and torn limb from limb, the interest is too
horrid: I sicken--I gasp for breath--I long to rush and defend him.  The
yells of the populace seem to me more dire than the voices of the Furies
chasing Orestes.  I rejoice that there is so little chance of that
bloody exhibition for our next show!'

The aedile shrugged his shoulders.  The young Sallust, who was thought
the best-natured man in Pompeii, stared in surprise.  The graceful
Lepidus, who rarely spoke for fear of disturbing his features,
ejaculated 'Hercle!' The parasite Clodius muttered 'AEdepol!' and the
sixth banqueter, who was the umbra of Clodius, and whose duty it was to
echo his richer friend, when he could not praise him--the parasite of a
parasite--muttered also 'AEdepol!'

'Well, you Italians are used to these spectacles; we Greeks are more
merciful.  Ah, shade of Pindar!--the rapture of a true Grecian game--the
emulation of man against man--the generous strife--the half-mournful
triumph--so proud to contend with a noble foe, so sad to see him
overcome! But ye understand me not.'

'The kid is excellent,' said Sallust.  The slave, whose duty it was to
carve, and who valued himself on his science, had just performed that
office on the kid to the sound of music, his knife keeping time,
beginning with a low tenor and accomplishing the arduous feat amidst a
magnificent diapason.

'Your cook is, of course, from Sicily?' said Pansa.

'Yes, of Syracuse.'

'I will play you for him,' said Clodius.  'We will have a game between
the courses.'

'Better that sort of game, certainly, than a beast fight; but I cannot
stake my Sicilian--you have nothing so precious to stake me in return.'

'My Phillida--my beautiful dancing-girl!'

'I never buy women,' said the Greek, carelessly rearranging his chaplet.

The musicians, who were stationed in the portico without, had commenced
their office with the kid; they now directed the melody into a more
soft, a more gay, yet it may be a more intellectual strain; and they
chanted that song of Horace beginning 'Persicos odi', etc., so
impossible to translate, and which they imagined applicable to a feast
that, effeminate as it seems to us, was simple enough for the gorgeous
revelry of the time.  We are witnessing the domestic, and not the
princely feast--the entertainment of a gentleman, not an emperor or a

'Ah, good old Horace!' said Sallust, compassionately; 'he sang well of
feasts and girls, but not like our modern poets.'

'The immortal Fulvius, for instance,' said Clodius.

'Ah, Fulvius, the immortal!' said the umbra.

'And Spuraena; and Caius Mutius, who wrote three epics in a year--could
Horace do that, or Virgil either said Lepidus.  'Those old poets all
fell into the mistake of copying sculpture instead of painting.
Simplicity and repose--that was their notion; but we moderns have fire,
and passion, and energy--we never sleep, we imitate the colors of
painting, its life, and its action.  Immortal Fulvius!'

'By the way,' said Sallust, 'have you seen the new ode by Spuraena, in
honour of our Egyptian Isis?  It is magnificent--the true religious

'Isis seems a favorite divinity at Pompeii,' said Glaucus.

'Yes!' said Pansa, 'she is exceedingly in repute just at this moment;
her statue has been uttering the most remarkable oracles.  I am not
superstitious, but I must confess that she has more than once assisted
me materially in my magistracy with her advice.  Her priests are so
pious, too! none of your gay, none of your proud, ministers of Jupiter
and Fortune: they walk barefoot, eat no meat, and pass the greater part
of the night in solitary devotion!'

'An example to our other priesthoods, indeed!--Jupiter's temple wants
reforming sadly,' said Lepidus, who was a great reformer for all but

'They say that Arbaces the Egyptian has imparted some most solemn
mysteries to the priests of Isis,' observed Sallust.  'He boasts his
descent from the race of Rameses, and declares that in his family the
secrets of remotest antiquity are treasured.'

'He certainly possesses the gift of the evil eye,' said Clodius. 'If I
ever come upon that Medusa front without the previous charm, I am sure
to lose a favorite horse, or throw the canes nine times running.'

'The last would be indeed a miracle!' said Sallust, gravely.

'How mean you, Sallust?' returned the gamester, with a flushed brow.

'I mean, what you would leave me if I played often with you; and that

Clodius answered only by a smile of disdain.

'If Arbaces were not so rich,' said Pansa, with a stately air, 'I should
stretch my authority a little, and inquire into the truth of the report
which calls him an astrologer and a sorcerer.  Agrippa, when aedile of
Rome, banished all such terrible citizens.  But a rich man--it is the
duty of an aedile to protect the rich!'

'What think you of this new sect, which I am told has even a few
proselytes in Pompeii, these followers of the Hebrew God--Christus?'

'Oh, mere speculative visionaries,' said Clodius; 'they have not a
single gentleman amongst them; their proselytes are poor, insignificant,
ignorant people!'

'Who ought, however, to be crucified for their blasphemy,' said Pansa,
with vehemence; 'they deny Venus and Jove!  Nazarene is but another name
for atheist.  Let me catch them--that's all.'

The second course was gone--the feasters fell back on their
couches--there was a pause while they listened to the soft voices of the
South, and the music of the Arcadian reed.  Glaucus was the most rapt
and the least inclined to break the silence, but Clodius began already
to think that they wasted time.

'Bene vobis! (Your health!) my Glaucus,' said he, quaffing a cup to each
letter of the Greek's name, with the ease of the practised drinker.
'Will you not be avenged on your ill-fortune of yesterday? See, the dice
court us.'

'As you will,' said Glaucus.

'The dice in summer, and I an aedile!' said Pansa, magisterially; 'it is
against all law.'

'Not in your presence, grave Pansa,' returned Clodius, rattling the dice
in a long box; 'your presence restrains all license: it is not the
thing, but the excess of the thing, that hurts.'

'What wisdom!' muttered the umbra.

'Well, I will look another way,' said the aedile.

'Not yet, good Pansa; let us wait till we have supped,' said Glaucus.

Clodius reluctantly yielded, concealing his vexation with a yawn.

'He gapes to devour the gold,' whispered Lepidus to Sallust, in a
quotation from the Aulularia of Plautus.

'Ah! how well I know these polypi, who hold all they touch,' answered
Sallust, in the same tone, and out of the same play.

The third course, consisting of a variety of fruits, pistachio nuts,
sweetmeats, tarts, and confectionery tortured into a thousand fantastic
and airy shapes, was now placed upon the table; and the ministri, or
attendants, also set there the wine (which had hitherto been handed
round to the guests) in large jugs of glass, each bearing upon it the
schedule of its age and quality.

'Taste this Lesbian, my Pansa,' said Sallust; 'it is excellent.'

'It is not very old,' said Glaucus, 'but it has been made precocious,
like ourselves, by being put to the fire:--the wine to the flames of
Vulcan--we to those of his wife--to whose honour I pour this cup.'

'It is delicate,' said Pansa, 'but there is perhaps the least particle
too much of rosin in its flavor.'

'What a beautiful cup!' cried Clodius, taking up one of transparent
crystal, the handles of which were wrought with gems, and twisted in the
shape of serpents, the favorite fashion at Pompeii.

'This ring,' said Glaucus, taking a costly jewel from the first joint of
his finger and hanging it on the handle, 'gives it a richer show, and
renders it less unworthy of thy acceptance, my Clodius, on whom may the
gods bestow health and fortune, long and oft to crown it to the brim!'

'You are too generous, Glaucus,' said the gamester, handing the cup to
his slave; 'but your love gives it a double value.'

'This cup to the Graces!' said Pansa, and he thrice emptied his calix.
The guests followed his example.

'We have appointed no director to the feast,' cried Sallust.

'Let us throw for him, then,' said Clodius, rattling the dice-box.

'Nay,' cried Glaucus, 'no cold and trite director for us: no dictator of
the banquet; no rex convivii.  Have not the Romans sworn never to obey a
king? Shall we be less free than your ancestors?  Ho! musicians, let us
have the song I composed the other night: it has a verse on this
subject, "The Bacchic hymn of the Hours".'

The musicians struck their instruments to a wild Ionic air, while the
youngest voice in the band chanted forth, in Greek words, as numbers,
the following strain:--



     Through the summer day, through the weary day,
          We have glided long;
      Ere we speed to the Night through her portals grey,
          Hail us with song!--
         With song, with song,
        With a bright and joyous song;
       Such as the Cretan maid,
        While the twilight made her bolder,
       Woke, high through the ivy shade,
        When the wine-god first consoled her.
       From the hush'd, low-breathing skies,
       Half-shut look'd their starry eyes,
          And all around,
          With a loving sound,
        The AEgean waves were creeping:
       On her lap lay the lynx's head;
       Wild thyme was her bridal bed;
       And aye through each tiny space,
       In the green vine's green embrace
       The Fauns were slily peeping--
       The Fauns, the prying Fauns--
      The arch, the laughing Fauns--
      The Fauns were slily peeping!


      Flagging and faint are we
        With our ceaseless flight,
       And dull shall our journey be
        Through the realm of night,
       Bathe us, O bathe our weary wings
       In the purple wave, as it freshly springs
        To your cups from the fount of light--
    From the fount of light--from the fount of light,

     For there, when the sun has gone down in night,
         There in the bowl we find him.
       The grape is the well of that summer sun,
       Or rather the stream that he gazed upon,
       Till he left in truth, like the Thespian youth,
           His soul, as he gazed, behind him.


      A cup to Jove, and a cup to Love,
        And a cup to the son of Maia;
       And honour with three, the band zone-free,
        The band of the bright Aglaia.
       But since every bud in the wreath of pleasure
        Ye owe to the sister Hours,
       No stinted cups, in a formal measure,
        The Bromian law makes ours.
       He honors us most who gives us most,
       And boasts, with a Bacchanal's honest boast,
        He never will count the treasure.
     Fastly we fleet, then seize our wings,
     And plunge us deep in the sparkling springs;
     And aye, as we rise with a dripping plume,
     We'll scatter the spray round the garland's bloom;
           We glow--we glow,
     Behold, as the girls of the Eastern wave
     Bore once with a shout to the crystal cave
       The prize of the Mysian Hylas,
           Even so--even so,
     We have caught the young god in our warm embrace
     We hurry him on in our laughing race;
     We hurry him on, with a whoop and song,
     The cloudy rivers of night along--
      Ho, ho!--we have caught thee, Psilas!

The guests applauded loudly.  When the poet is your host, his verses are
sure to charm.

'Thoroughly Greek,' said Lepidus: 'the wildness, force, and energy of
that tongue, it is impossible to imitate in the Roman poetry.'

'It is, indeed, a great contrast,' said Clodius, ironically at heart,
though not in appearance, 'to the old-fashioned and tame simplicity of
that ode of Horace which we heard before.  The air is beautifully Ionic:
the word puts me in mind of a toast--Companions, I give you the
beautiful Ione.'

'Ione!--the name is Greek,' said Glaucus, in a soft voice.  'I drink the
health with delight.  But who is Ione?'

'Ah! you have but just come to Pompeii, or you would deserve ostracism
for your ignorance,' said Lepidus, conceitedly; 'not to know Ione, is
not to know the chief charm of our city.'

'She is of the most rare beauty,' said Pansa; 'and what a voice!'

'She can feed only on nightingales' tongues,' said Clodius.

'Nightingales' tongues!--beautiful thought!' sighed the umbra.

'Enlighten me, I beseech you,' said Glaucus.

'Know then...' began Lepidus.

'Let me speak,' cried Clodius; 'you drawl out your words as if you spoke

'And you speak stones,' muttered the coxcomb to himself, as he fell back
disdainfully on his couch.

'Know then, my Glaucus,' said Clodius, 'that Ione is a stranger who has
but lately come to Pompeii.  She sings like Sappho, and her songs are
her own composing; and as for the tibia, and the cithara, and the lyre,
I know not in which she most outdoes the Muses.  Her beauty is most
dazzling.  Her house is perfect; such taste--such gems--such bronzes!
She is rich, and generous as she is rich.'

'Her lovers, of course,' said Glaucus, 'take care that she does not
starve; and money lightly won is always lavishly spent.'

'Her lovers--ah, there is the enigma!--Ione has but one vice--she is
chaste. She has all Pompeii at her feet, and she has no lovers: she will
not even marry.'

'No lovers!' echoed Glaucus.

'No; she has the soul of Vestal with the girdle of Venus.'

'What refined expressions!' said the umbra.

'A miracle!' cried Glaucus.  'Can we not see her?'

'I will take you there this evening, said Clodius; 'meanwhile...' added
he, once more rattling the dice.

'I am yours!' said the complaisant Glaucus.  'Pansa, turn your face!'

Lepidus and Sallust played at odd and even, and the umbra looked on,
while Glaucus and Clodius became gradually absorbed in the chances of
the dice.

'By Pollux!' cried Glaucus, 'this is the second time I have thrown the
caniculae' (the lowest throw).

'Now Venus befriend me!' said Clodius, rattling the box for several
moments. 'O Alma Venus--it is Venus herself!' as he threw the highest
cast, named from that goddess--whom he who wins money, indeed, usually

'Venus is ungrateful to me,' said Glaucus, gaily; 'I have always
sacrificed on her altar.'

'He who plays with Clodius,' whispered Lepidus, 'will soon, like
Plautus's Curculio, put his pallium for the stakes.'

'Poor Glaucus!--he is as blind as Fortune herself,' replied Sallust, in
the same tone.

'I will play no more,' said Glaucus; 'I have lost thirty sestertia.'

'I am sorry...' began Clodius.

'Amiable man!' groaned the umbra.

'Not at all!' exclaimed Glaucus; 'the pleasure I take in your gain
compensates the pain of my loss.'

The conversation now grew general and animated; the wine circulated more
freely; and Ione once more became the subject of eulogy to the guests of

'Instead of outwatching the stars, let us visit one at whose beauty the
stars grow pale,' said Lepidus.

Clodius, who saw no chance of renewing the dice, seconded the proposal;
and Glaucus, though he civilly pressed his guests to continue the
banquet, could not but let them see that his curiosity had been excited
by the praises of Ione: they therefore resolved to adjourn (all, at
least, but Pansa and the umbra) to the house of the fair Greek.  They
drank, therefore, to the health of Glaucus and of Titus--they performed
their last libation--they resumed their slippers--they descended the
stairs--passed the illumined atrium--and walking unbitten over the
fierce dog painted on the threshold, found themselves beneath the light
of the moon just risen, in the lively and still crowded streets of

They passed the jewellers' quarter, sparkling with lights, caught and
reflected by the gems displayed in the shops, and arrived at last at the
door of Ione.  The vestibule blazed with rows of lamps; curtains of
embroidered purple hung on either aperture of the tablinum, whose walls
and mosaic pavement glowed with the richest colors of the artist; and
under the portico which surrounded the odorous viridarium they found
Ione, already surrounded by adoring and applauding guests!

'Did you say she was Athenian?' whispered Glaucus, ere he passed into
the peristyle.

'No, she is from Neapolis.'

'Neapolis!' echoed Glaucus; and at that moment the group, dividing on
either side of Ione, gave to his view that bright, that nymph-like
beauty, which for months had shone down upon the waters of his memory.

Chapter IV


THE story returns to the Egyptian.  We left Arbaces upon the shores of
the noonday sea, after he had parted from Glaucus and his companion.  As
he approached to the more crowded part of the bay, he paused and gazed
upon that animated scene with folded arms, and a bitter smile upon his
dark features.

'Gulls, dupes, fools, that ye are!' muttered he to himself; 'whether
business or pleasure, trade or religion, be your pursuit, you are
equally cheated by the passions that ye should rule!  How I could loathe
you, if I did not hate--yes, hate!  Greek or Roman, it is from us, from
the dark lore of Egypt, that ye have stolen the fire that gives you
souls.  Your knowledge--your poesy--your laws--your arts--your barbarous
mastery of war (all how tame and mutilated, when compared with the vast
original!)--ye have filched, as a slave filches the fragments of the
feast, from us!  And now, ye mimics of a mimic!--Romans, forsooth! the
mushroom herd of robbers! ye are our masters! the pyramids look down no
more on the race of Rameses--the eagle cowers over the serpent of the
Nile.  Our masters--no, not mine.  My soul, by the power of its wisdom,
controls and chains you, though the fetters are unseen.  So long as
craft can master force, so long as religion has a cave from which
oracles can dupe mankind, the wise hold an empire over earth.  Even from
your vices Arbaces distills his pleasures--pleasures unprofaned by
vulgar eyes--pleasures vast, wealthy, inexhaustible, of which your
enervate minds, in their unimaginative sensuality, cannot conceive or
dream!  Plod on, plod on, fools of ambition and of avarice! your petty
thirst for fasces and quaestorships, and all the mummery of servile
power, provokes my laughter and my scorn.  My power can extend wherever
man believes.  I ride over the souls that the purple veils.  Thebes may
fall, Egypt be a name; the world itself furnishes the subjects of

Thus saying, the Egyptian moved slowly on; and, entering the town, his
tall figure towered above the crowded throng of the forum, and swept
towards the small but graceful temple consecrated to Isis.

That edifice was then but of recent erection; the ancient temple had
been thrown down in the earthquake sixteen years before, and the new
building had become as much in vogue with the versatile Pompeians as a
new church or a new preacher may be with us.  The oracles of the goddess
at Pompeii were indeed remarkable, not more for the mysterious language
in which they were clothed, than for the credit which was attached to
their mandates and predictions.  If they were not dictated by a
divinity, they were framed at least by a profound knowledge of mankind;
they applied themselves exactly to the circumstances of individuals, and
made a notable contrast to the vague and loose generalities of their
rival temples.  As Arbaces now arrived at the rails which separated the
profane from the sacred place, a crowd, composed of all classes, but
especially of the commercial, collected, breathless and reverential,
before the many altars which rose in the open court.  In the walls of
the cella, elevated on seven steps of Parian marble, various statues
stood in niches, and those walls were ornamented with the pomegranate
consecrated to Isis.  An oblong pedestal occupied the interior building,
on which stood two statues, one of Isis, and its companion represented
the silent and mystic Orus.  But the building contained many other
deities to grace the court of the Egyptian deity: her kindred and
many-titled Bacchus, and the Cyprian Venus, a Grecian disguise for
herself, rising from her bath, and the dog-headed Anubis, and the ox
Apis, and various Egyptian idols of uncouth form and unknown

But we must not suppose that among the cities of Magna Graecia, Isis was
worshipped with those forms and ceremonies which were of right her own.
The mongrel and modern nations of the South, with a mingled arrogance
and ignorance, confounded the worships of all climes and ages.  And the
profound mysteries of the Nile were degraded by a hundred meretricious
and frivolous admixtures from the creeds of Cephisus and of Tibur.  The
temple of Isis in Pompeii was served by Roman and Greek priests,
ignorant alike of the language and the customs of her ancient votaries;
and the descendant of the dread Egyptian kings, beneath the appearance
of reverential awe, secretly laughed to scorn the puny mummeries which
imitated the solemn and typical worship of his burning clime.

Ranged now on either side the steps was the sacrificial crowd, arrayed
in white garments, while at the summit stood two of the inferior
priests, the one holding a palm branch, the other a slender sheaf of
corn.  In the narrow passage in front thronged the bystanders.

'And what,' whispered Arbaces to one of the bystanders, who was a
merchant engaged in the Alexandrian trade, which trade had probably
first introduced in Pompeii the worship of the Egyptian goddess--'what
occasion now assembles you before the altars of the venerable Isis?  It
seems, by the white robes of the group before me, that a sacrifice is to
be rendered; and by the assembly of the priests, that ye are prepared
for some oracle.  To what question is it to vouchsafe a reply?'

'We are merchants,' replied the bystander (who was no other than Diomed)
in the same voice, 'who seek to know the fate of our vessels, which sail
for Alexandria to-morrow.  We are about to offer up a sacrifice and
implore an answer from the goddess.  I am not one of those who have
petitioned the priest to sacrifice, as you may see by my dress, but I
have some interest in the success of the fleet--by Jupiter! yes.  I have
a pretty trade, else how could I live in these hard times?

The Egyptian replied gravely--'That though Isis was properly the goddess
of agriculture, she was no less the patron of commerce.' Then turning
his head towards the east, Arbaces seemed absorbed in silent prayer.

And now in the centre of the steps appeared a priest robed in white from
head to foot, the veil parting over the crown; two new priests relieved
those hitherto stationed at either corner, being naked half-way down to
the breast, and covered, for the rest, in white and loose robes.  At the
same time, seated at the bottom of the steps, a priest commenced a
solemn air upon a long wind-instrument of music.  Half-way down the
steps stood another flamen, holding in one hand the votive wreath, in
the other a white wand; while, adding to the picturesque scene of that
eastern ceremony, the stately ibis (bird sacred to the Egyptian worship)
looked mutely down from the wall upon the rite, or stalked beside the
altar at the base of the steps.

At that altar now stood the sacrificial flamen.

The countenance of Arbaces seemed to lose all its rigid calm while the
aruspices inspected the entrails, and to be intent in pious anxiety--to
rejoice and brighten as the signs were declared favorable, and the fire
began bright and clearly to consume the sacred portion of the victim
amidst odorous of myrrh and frankincense.  It was then that a dead
silence fell over the whispering crowd, and the priests gathering round
the cella, another priest, naked save by a cincture round the middle,
rushed forward, and dancing with wild gestures, implored an answer from
the goddess.  He ceased at last in exhaustion, and a low murmuring noise
was heard within the body of the statue: thrice the head moved, and the
lips parted, and then a hollow voice uttered these mystic words:

  There are waves like chargers that meet and glow,
  There are graves ready wrought in the rocks below,
  On the brow of the future the dangers lour,
  But blest are your barks in the fearful hour.

The voice ceased--the crowd breathed more freely--the merchants looked
at each other.  'Nothing can be more plain,' murmured Diomed; 'there is
to be a storm at sea, as there very often is at the beginning of autumn,
but our vessels are to be saved.  O beneficent Isis!'

'Lauded eternally be the goddess!' said the merchants: 'what can be less
equivocal than her prediction?'

Raising one hand in sign of silence to the people, for the rites of Isis
enjoined what to the lively Pompeians was an impossible suspense from
the use of the vocal organs, the chief priest poured his libation on the
altar, and after a short concluding prayer the ceremony was over, and
the congregation dismissed.  Still, however, as the crowd dispersed
themselves here and there, the Egyptian lingered by the railing, and
when the space became tolerably cleared, one of the priests, approaching
it, saluted him with great appearance of friendly familiarity.

The countenance of the priest was remarkably unprepossessing--his shaven
skull was so low and narrow in the front as nearly to approach to the
conformation of that of an African savage, save only towards the
temples, where, in that organ styled acquisitiveness by the pupils of a
science modern in name, but best practically known (as their sculpture
teaches us) amongst the ancients, two huge and almost preternatural
protuberances yet more distorted the unshapely head--around the brows
the skin was puckered into a web of deep and intricate wrinkles--the
eyes, dark and small, rolled in a muddy and yellow orbit--the nose,
short yet coarse, was distended at the nostrils like a satyr's--and the
thick but pallid lips, the high cheek-bones, the livid and motley hues
that struggled through the parchment skin, completed a countenance which
none could behold without repugnance, and few without terror and
distrust: whatever the wishes of the mind, the animal frame was well
fitted to execute them; the wiry muscles of the throat, the broad chest,
the nervous hands and lean gaunt arms, which were bared above the elbow,
betokened a form capable alike of great active exertion and passive

'Calenus,' said the Egyptian to this fascinating flamen, 'you have
improved the voice of the statue much by attending to my suggestion; and
your verses are excellent.  Always prophesy good fortune, unless there
is an absolute impossibility of its fulfilment.'

'Besides,' added Calenus, 'if the storm does come, and if it does
overwhelm the accursed ships, have we not prophesied it? and are the
barks not blest to be at rest?--for rest prays the mariner in the AEgean
sea, or at least so says Horace--can the mariner be more at rest in the
sea than when he is at the bottom of it?'

'Right, my Calenus; I wish Apaecides would take a lesson from your
wisdom. But I desire to confer with you relative to him and to other
matters: you can admit me into one of your less sacred apartments?'

'Assuredly,' replied the priest, leading the way to one of the small
chambers which surrounded the open gate.  Here they seated themselves
before a small table spread with dishes containing fruit and eggs, and
various cold meats, with vases of excellent wine, of which while the
companions partook, a curtain, drawn across the entrance opening to the
court, concealed them from view, but admonished them by the thinness of
the partition to speak low, or to speak no secrets: they chose the
former alternative.

'Thou knowest,' said Arbaces, in a voice that scarcely stirred the air,
so soft and inward was its sound, 'that it has ever been my maxim to
attach myself to the young.  From their flexile and unformed minds I can
carve out my fittest tools.  I weave--I warp--I mould them at my will.
Of the men I make merely followers or servants; of the women...'

'Mistresses,' said Calenus, as a livid grin distorted his ungainly

'Yes, I do not disguise it: woman is the main object, the great
appetite, of my soul.  As you feed the victim for the slaughter, I love
to rear the votaries of my pleasure.  I love to train, to ripen their
minds--to unfold the sweet blossom of their hidden passions, in order to
prepare the fruit to my taste.  I loathe your ready-made and ripened
courtesans; it is in the soft and unconscious progress of innocence to
desire that I find the true charm of love; it is thus that I defy
satiety; and by contemplating the freshness of others, I sustain the
freshness of my own sensations.  From the young hearts of my victims I
draw the ingredients of the caldron in which I re-youth myself.  But
enough of this: to the subject before us.  You know, then, that in
Neapolis some time since I encountered Ione and Apaecides, brother and
sister, the children of Athenians who had settled at Neapolis. The death
of their parents, who knew and esteemed me, constituted me their
guardian.  I was not unmindful of the trust. The youth, docile and mild,
yielded readily to the impression I sought to stamp upon him.  Next to
woman, I love the old recollections of my ancestral land; I love to keep
alive--to propagate on distant shores (which her colonies perchance yet
people) her dark and mystic creeds.  It may be, that it pleases me to
delude mankind, while I thus serve the deities.  To Apaecides I taught
the solemn faith of Isis.  I unfolded to him something of those sublime
allegories which are couched beneath her worship.  I excited in a soul
peculiarly alive to religious fervor that enthusiasm which imagination
begets on faith.  I have placed him amongst you: he is one of you.'

'He is so,' said Calenus: 'but in thus stimulating his faith, you have
robbed him of wisdom.  He is horror-struck that he is no longer duped:
our sage delusions, our speaking statues and secret staircases dismay
and revolt him; he pines; he wastes away; he mutters to himself; he
refuses to share our ceremonies.  He has been known to frequent the
company of men suspected of adherence to that new and atheistical creed
which denies all our gods, and terms our oracles the inspirations of
that malevolent spirit of which eastern tradition speaks.  Our
oracles--alas! we know well whose inspirations they are!'

'This is what I feared,' said Arbaces, musingly, 'from various
reproaches he made me when I last saw him.  Of late he hath shunned my
steps.  I must find him: I must continue my lessons: I must lead him
into the adytum of Wisdom. I must teach him that there are two stages of
sanctity--the first, FAITH--the next, DELUSION; the one for the vulgar,
the second for the sage.'

'I never passed through the first, I said Calenus; 'nor you either, I
think, my Arbaces.'

'You err,' replied the Egyptian, gravely.  'I believe at this day (not
indeed that which I teach, but that which I teach not).  Nature has a
sanctity against which I cannot (nor would I) steel conviction.  I
believe in mine own knowledge, and that has revealed to me--but no
matter.  Now to earthlier and more inviting themes.  If I thus fulfilled
my object with Apaecides, what was my design for Ione?  Thou knowest
already I intend her for my queen--my bride--my heart's Isis.  Never
till I saw her knew I all the love of which my nature is capable.'

'I hear from a thousand lips that she is a second Helen,' said Calenus;
and he smacked his own lips, but whether at the wine or at the notion it
is not easy to decide.

'Yes, she has a beauty that Greece itself never excelled,' resumed
Arbaces. 'But that is not all: she has a soul worthy to match with mine.
She has a genius beyond that of woman--keen--dazzling--bold. Poetry
flows spontaneous to her lips: utter but a truth, and, however intricate
and profound, her mind seizes and commands it.  Her imagination and her
reason are not at war with each other; they harmonize and direct her
course as the winds and the waves direct some lofty bark.  With this she
unites a daring independence of thought; she can stand alone in the
world; she can be brave as she is gentle; this is the nature I have
sought all my life in woman, and never found till now.  Ione must be
mine!  In her I have a double passion; I wish to enjoy a beauty of
spirit as of form.'

'She is not yours yet, then?' said the priest.

'No; she loves me--but as a friend--she loves me with her mind only.
She fancies in me the paltry virtues which I have only the profounder
virtue to disdain.  But you must pursue with me her history. The brother
and sister were young and rich: Ione is proud and ambitious--proud of
her genius--the magic of her poetry--the charm of her conversation.
When her brother left me, and entered your temple, in order to be near
him she removed also to Pompeii.  She has suffered her talents to be
known.  She summons crowds to her feasts; her voice enchants them; her
poetry subdues.  She delights in being thought the successor of Erinna.'

'Or of Sappho?'

'But Sappho without love!  I encouraged her in this boldness of
career--in this indulgence of vanity and of pleasure.  I loved to steep
her amidst the dissipations and luxury of this abandoned city.  Mark me,
Calenus!  I desired to enervate her mind!--it has been too pure to
receive yet the breath which I wish not to pass, but burningly to eat
into, the mirror.  I wished her to be surrounded by lovers, hollow,
vain, and frivolous (lovers that her nature must despise), in order to
feel the want of love.  Then, in those soft intervals of lassitude
that succeed to excitement--I can weave my spells--excite her
interest--attract her passions--possess myself of her heart.  For it is
not the young, nor the beautiful, nor the gay, that should fascinate
Ione; her imagination must be won, and the life of Arbaces has been one
scene of triumph over the imaginations of his kind.'

'And hast thou no fear, then, of thy rivals?  The gallants of Italy are
skilled in the art to please.'

'None!  Her Greek soul despises the barbarian Romans, and would scorn
itself if it admitted a thought of love for one of that upstart race.'

'But thou art an Egyptian, not a Greek!'

'Egypt,' replied Arbaces, 'is the mother of Athens.  Her tutelary
Minerva is our deity; and her founder, Cecrops, was the fugitive of
Egyptian Sais. This have I already taught to her; and in my blood she
venerates the eldest dynasties of earth.  But yet I will own that of
late some uneasy suspicions have crossed my mind.  She is more silent
than she used to be; she loves melancholy and subduing music; she sighs
without an outward cause.  This may be the beginning of love--it may be
the want of love.  In either case it is time for me to begin my
operations on her fancies and her heart: in the one case, to divert the
source of love to me; in the other, in me to awaken it. It is for this
that I have sought you.'

'And how can I assist you?'

'I am about to invite her to a feast in my house: I wish to dazzle--to
bewilder--to inflame her senses.  Our arts--the arts by which Egypt
trained her young novitiates--must be employed; and, under veil of the
mysteries of religion, I will open to her the secrets of love.'

'Ah! now I understand:--one of those voluptuous banquets that, despite
our dull vows of mortified coldness, we, the priests of Isis, have
shared at thy house.'

'No, no!  Thinkest thou her chaste eyes are ripe for such scenes? No;
but first we must ensnare the brother--an easier task.  Listen to me,
while I give you my instructions.'

Chapter V


THE sun shone gaily into that beautiful chamber in the house of Glaucus,
which I have before said is now called the 'Room of Leda'.  The morning
rays entered through rows of small casements at the higher part of the
room, and through the door which opened on the garden, that answered to
the inhabitants of the southern cities the same purpose that a
greenhouse or conservatory does to us.  The size of the garden did not
adapt it for exercise, but the various and fragrant plants with which it
was filled gave a luxury to that indolence so dear to the dwellers in a
sunny clime.  And now the odorous, fanned by a gentle wind creeping from
the adjacent sea, scattered themselves over that chamber, whose walls
vied with the richest colors of the most glowing flowers.  Besides the
gem of the room--the painting of Leda and Tyndarus--in the centre of
each compartment of the walls were set other pictures of exquisite
beauty.  In one you saw Cupid leaning on the knees of Venus; in another
Ariadne sleeping on the beach, unconscious of the perfidy of Theseus.
Merrily the sunbeams played to and fro on the tessellated floor and the
brilliant walls--far more happily came the rays of joy to the heart of
the young Glaucus.

'I have seen her, then,' said he, as he paced that narrow chamber--'I
have heard her--nay, I have spoken to her again--I have listened to the
music of her song, and she sung of glory and of Greece.  I have
discovered the long-sought idol of my dreams; and like the Cyprian
sculptor, I have breathed life into my own imaginings.'

Longer, perhaps, had been the enamoured soliloquy of Glaucus, but at
that moment a shadow darkened the threshold of the chamber, and a young
female, still half a child in years, broke upon his solitude.  She was
dressed simply in a white tunic, which reached from the neck to the
ankles; under her arm she bore a basket of flowers, and in the other
hand she held a bronze water-vase; her features were more formed than
exactly became her years, yet they were soft and feminine in their
outline, and without being beautiful in themselves, they were almost
made so by their beauty of expression; there was something ineffably
gentle, and you would say patient, in her aspect.  A look of resigned
sorrow, of tranquil endurance, had banished the smile, but not the
sweetness, from her lips; something timid and cautious in her
step--something wandering in her eyes, led you to suspect the affliction
which she had suffered from her birth--she was blind; but in the orbs
themselves there was no visible defect--their melancholy and subdued
light was clear, cloudless, and serene. 'They tell me that Glaucus is
here,' said she; 'may I come in?'

'Ah, my Nydia,' said the Greek, 'is that you I knew you would not
neglect my invitation.'

'Glaucus did but justice to himself,' answered Nydia, with a blush; 'for
he has always been kind to the poor blind girl.'

'Who could be otherwise?' said Glaucus, tenderly, and in the voice of a
compassionate brother.

Nydia sighed and paused before she resumed, without replying to his
remark. 'You have but lately returned?'

'This is the sixth sun that hath shone upon me at Pompeii.'

'And you are well?  Ah, I need not ask--for who that sees the earth,
which they tell me is so beautiful, can be ill?'

'I am well.  And you, Nydia--how you have grown!  Next year you will be
thinking what answer to make your lovers.'

A second blush passed over the cheek of Nydia, but this time she frowned
as she blushed.  'I have brought you some flowers,' said she, without
replying to a remark that she seemed to resent; and feeling about the
room till she found the table that stood by Glaucus, she laid the basket
upon it: 'they are poor, but they are fresh-gathered.'

'They might come from Flora herself,' said he, kindly; 'and I renew
again my vow to the Graces, that I will wear no other garlands while thy
hands can weave me such as these.'

'And how find you the flowers in your viridarium?--are they thriving?'

'Wonderfully so--the Lares themselves must have tended them.'

'Ah, now you give me pleasure; for I came, as often as I could steal the
leisure, to water and tend them in your absence.'

'How shall I thank thee, fair Nydia?' said the Greek.  'Glaucus little
dreamed that he left one memory so watchful over his favorites at

The hand of the child trembled, and her breast heaved beneath her tunic.
She turned round in embarrassment.  'The sun is hot for the poor
flowers,' said she, 'to-day and they will miss me; for I have been ill
lately, and it is nine days since I visited them.'

'Ill, Nydia!--yet your cheek has more color than it had last year.'

'I am often ailing,' said the blind girl, touchingly; 'and as I grow up
I grieve more that I am blind.  But now to the flowers!' So saying, she
made a slight reverence with her head, and passing into the viridarium,
busied herself with watering the flowers.

'Poor Nydia,' thought Glaucus, gazing on her; 'thine is a hard doom!
Thou seest not the earth--nor the sun--nor the ocean--nor the
stars--above all, thou canst not behold Ione.'

At that last thought his mind flew back to the past evening, and was a
second time disturbed in its reveries by the entrance of Clodius.  It
was a proof how much a single evening had sufficed to increase and to
refine the love of the Athenian for Ione, that whereas he had confided
to Clodius the secret of his first interview with her, and the effect it
had produced on him, he now felt an invincible aversion even to mention
to him her name.  He had seen Ione, bright, pure, unsullied, in the
midst of the gayest and most profligate gallants of Pompeii, charming
rather than awing the boldest into respect, and changing the very nature
of the most sensual and the least ideal--as by her intellectual and
refining spells she reversed the fable of Circe, and converted the
animals into men.  They who could not understand her soul were made
spiritual, as it were, by the magic of her beauty--they who had no heart
for poetry had ears, at least, for the melody of her voice. Seeing her
thus surrounded, purifying and brightening all things with her presence,
Glaucus almost for the first time felt the nobleness of his own
nature--he felt how unworthy of the goddess of his dreams had been his
companions and his pursuits.  A veil seemed lifted from his eyes; he saw
that immeasurable distance between himself and his associates which the
deceiving mists of pleasure had hitherto concealed; he was refined by a
sense of his courage in aspiring to Ione.  He felt that henceforth it
was his destiny to look upward and to soar.  He could no longer breathe
that name, which sounded to the sense of his ardent fancy as something
sacred and divine, to lewd and vulgar ears.  She was no longer the
beautiful girl once seen and passionately remembered--she was already
the mistress, the divinity of his soul.  This feeling who has not
experienced?--If thou hast not, then thou hast never loved.

When Clodius therefore spoke to him in affected transport of the beauty
of Ione, Glaucus felt only resentment and disgust that such lips should
dare to praise her; he answered coldly, and the Roman imagined that his
passion was cured instead of heightened.  Clodius scarcely regretted it,
for he was anxious that Glaucus should marry an heiress yet more richly
endowed--Julia, the daughter of the wealthy Diomed, whose gold the
gamester imagined he could readily divert into his own coffers.  Their
conversation did not flow with its usual ease; and no sooner had Clodius
left him than Glaucus bent his way to the house of Ione.  In passing by
the threshold he again encountered Nydia, who had finished her graceful
task.  She knew his step on the instant.

'You are early abroad?' said she.

'Yes; for the skies of Campania rebuke the sluggard who neglects them.'

'Ah, would I could see them!' murmured the blind girl, but so low that
Glaucus did not overhear the complaint.

The Thessalian lingered on the threshold a few moments, and then guiding
her steps by a long staff, which she used with great dexterity, she took
her way homeward.  She soon turned from the more gaudy streets, and
entered a quarter of the town but little loved by the decorous and the
sober.  But from the low and rude evidences of vice around her she was
saved by her misfortune.  And at that hour the streets were quiet and
silent, nor was her youthful ear shocked by the sounds which too often
broke along the obscene and obscure haunts she patiently and sadly

She knocked at the back-door of a sort of tavern; it opened, and a rude
voice bade her give an account of the sesterces.  Ere she could reply,
another voice, less vulgarly accented, said:

'Never mind those petty profits, my Burbo.  The girl's voice will be
wanted again soon at our rich friend's revels; and he pays, as thou
knowest, pretty high for his nightingales' tongues.

'Oh, I hope not--I trust not,' cried Nydia, trembling.  'I will beg from
sunrise to sunset, but send me not there.'

'And why?' asked the same voice.

'Because--because I am young, and delicately born, and the female
companions I meet there are not fit associates for one who--who...'

'Is a slave in the house of Burbo,' returned the voice ironically, and
with a coarse laugh.

The Thessalian put down the flowers, and, leaning her face on her hands,
wept silently.

Meanwhile, Glaucus sought the house of the beautiful Neapolitan. He
found Ione sitting amidst her attendants, who were at work around her.
Her harp stood at her side, for Ione herself was unusually idle, perhaps
unusually thoughtful, that day.  He thought her even more beautiful by
the morning light and in her simple robe, than amidst the blazing lamps,
and decorated with the costly jewels of the previous night: not the less
so from a certain paleness that overspread her transparent hues--not the
less so from the blush that mounted over them when he approached.
Accustomed to flatter, flattery died upon his lips when he addressed
Ione.  He felt it beneath her to utter the homage which every look
conveyed.  They spoke of Greece; this was a theme on which Ione loved
rather to listen than to converse: it was a theme on which the Greek
could have been eloquent for ever.  He described to her the silver olive
groves that yet clad the banks of Ilyssus, and the temples, already
despoiled of half their glories--but how beautiful in decay!  He looked
back on the melancholy city of Harmodius the free, and Pericles the
magnificent, from the height of that distant memory, which mellowed into
one hazy light all the ruder and darker shades.  He had seen the land of
poetry chiefly in the poetical age of early youth; and the associations
of patriotism were blended with those of the flush and spring of life.
And Ione listened to him, absorbed and mute; dearer were those accents,
and those descriptions, than all the prodigal adulation of her
numberless adorers.  Was it a sin to love her countryman? she loved
Athens in him--the gods of her race, the land of her dreams, spoke to
her in his voice!  From that time they daily saw each other.  At the
cool of the evening they made excursions on the placid sea.  By night
they met again in Ione's porticoes and halls.  Their love was sudden,
but it was strong; it filled all the sources of their life.
Heart--brain--sense--imagination, all were its ministers and priests.
As you take some obstacle from two objects that have a mutual
attraction, they met, and united at once; their wonder was, that they
had lived separate so long.  And it was natural that they should so
love.  Young, beautiful, and gifted--of the same birth, and the same
soul--there was poetry in their very union.  They imagined the heavens
smiled upon their affection.  As the persecuted seek refuge at the
shrine, so they recognized in the altar of their love an asylum from the
sorrows of earth; they covered it with flowers--they knew not of the
serpents that lay coiled behind.

One evening, the fifth after their first meeting at Pompeii, Glaucus and
Ione, with a small party of chosen friends, were returning from an
excursion round the bay; their vessel skimmed lightly over the twilight
waters, whose lucid mirror was only broken by the dripping oars.  As the
rest of the party conversed gaily with each other, Glaucus lay at the
feet of Ione, and he would have looked up in her face, but he did not
dare.  Ione broke the pause between them.

'My poor brother,' said she, sighing, 'how once he would have enjoyed
this hour!'

'Your brother!' said Glaucus; 'I have not seen him.  Occupied with you,
I have thought of nothing else, or I should have asked if that was not
your brother for whose companionship you left me at the Temple of
Minerva, in Neapolis?'

'It was.'

'And is he here?'

'He is.

'At Pompeii! and not constantly with you?  Impossible!'

'He has other duties,' answered Ione, sadly; 'he is a priest of Isis.'

'So young, too; and that priesthood, in its laws at least, so severe!'
said the warm and bright-hearted Greek, in surprise and pity. 'What
could have been his inducement?'

'He was always enthusiastic and fervent in religious devotion: and the
eloquence of an Egyptian--our friend and guardian--kindled in him the
pious desire to consecrate his life to the most mystic of our deities.
Perhaps in the intenseness of his zeal, he found in the severity of that
peculiar priesthood its peculiar attraction.'

'And he does not repent his choice?--I trust he is happy.'

Ione sighed deeply, and lowered her veil over her eyes.

'I wish,' said she, after a pause, 'that he had not been so hasty.
Perhaps, like all who expect too much, he is revolted too easily!'

'Then he is not happy in his new condition.  And this Egyptian, was he a
priest himself? was he interested in recruits to the sacred band?

'No.  His main interest was in our happiness.  He thought he promoted
that of my brother.  We were left orphans.'

'Like myself,' said Glaucus, with a deep meaning in his voice.

Ione cast down her eyes as she resumed:

'And Arbaces sought to supply the place of our parent.  You must know
him. He loves genius.'

'Arbaces! I know him already; at least, we speak when we meet.  But for
your praise I would not seek to know more of him.  My heart inclines
readily to most of my kind.  But that dark Egyptian, with his gloomy
brow and icy smiles, seems to me to sadden the very sun. One would think
that, like Epimenides, the Cretan, he had spent forty years in a cave,
and had found something unnatural in the daylight ever afterwards.'

'Yet, like Epimenides, he is kind, and wise, and gentle,' answered Ione.

'Oh, happy that he has thy praise!  He needs no other virtues to make
him dear to me.'

'His calm, his coldness,' said Ione, evasively pursuing the subject,
'are perhaps but the exhaustion of past sufferings; as yonder mountain
(and she pointed to Vesuvius), which we see dark and tranquil in the
distance, once nursed the fires for ever quenched.'

They both gazed on the mountain as Ione said these words; the rest of
the sky was bathed in rosy and tender hues, but over that grey summit,
rising amidst the woods and vineyards that then clomb half-way up the
ascent, there hung a black and ominous cloud, the single frown of the
landscape.  A sudden and unaccountable gloom came over each as they thus
gazed; and in that sympathy which love had already taught them, and
which bade them, in the slightest shadows of emotion, the faintest
presentiment of evil, turn for refuge to each other, their gaze at the
same moment left the mountain, and full of unimaginable tenderness, met.
What need had they of words to say they loved?

Chapter VI


IN the history I relate, the events are crowded and rapid as those of
the drama.  I write of an epoch in which days sufficed to ripen the
ordinary fruits of years.

Meanwhile, Arbaces had not of late much frequented the house of Ione;
and when he had visited her he had not encountered Glaucus, nor knew he,
as yet, of that love which had so suddenly sprung up between himself and
his designs.  In his interest for the brother of Ione, he had been
forced, too, a little while, to suspend his interest in Ione herself.
His pride and his selfishness were aroused and alarmed at the sudden
change which had come over the spirit of the youth.  He trembled lest he
himself should lose a docile pupil, and Isis an enthusiastic servant.
Apaecides had ceased to seek or to consult him.  He was rarely to be
found; he turned sullenly from the Egyptian--nay, he fled when he
perceived him in the distance. Arbaces was one of those haughty and
powerful spirits accustomed to master others; he chafed at the notion
that one once his own should ever elude his grasp. He swore inly that
Apaecides should not escape him.

It was with this resolution that he passed through a thick grove in the
city, which lay between his house and that of Ione, in his way to the
latter; and there, leaning against a tree, and gazing on the ground, he
came unawares on the young priest of Isis.

'Apaecides!' said he--and he laid his hand affectionately on the young
man's shoulder.

The priest started; and his first instinct seemed to be that of flight.
'My son,' said the Egyptian, 'what has chanced that you desire to shun

Apaecides remained silent and sullen, looking down on the earth, as his
lips quivered, and his breast heaved with emotion.

'Speak to me, my friend,' continued the Egyptian.  'Speak. Something
burdens thy spirit.  What hast thou to reveal?'

'To thee--nothing.'

'And why is it to me thou art thus unconfidential?'

'Because thou hast been my enemy.'

'Let us confer,' said Arbaces, in a low voice; and drawing the reluctant
arm of the priest in his own, he led him to one of the seats which were
scattered within the grove.  They sat down--and in those gloomy forms
there was something congenial to the shade and solitude of the place.

Apaecides was in the spring of his years, yet he seemed to have
exhausted even more of life than the Egyptian; his delicate and regular
features were worn and colorless; his eyes were hollow, and shone with a
brilliant and feverish glare: his frame bowed prematurely, and in his
hands, which were small to effeminacy, the blue and swollen veins
indicated the lassitude and weakness of the relaxed fibres.  You saw in
his face a strong resemblance to Ione, but the expression was altogether
different from that majestic and spiritual calm which breathed so divine
and classical a repose over his sister's beauty.  In her, enthusiasm was
visible, but it seemed always suppressed and restrained; this made the
charm and sentiment of her countenance; you longed to awaken a spirit
which reposed, but evidently did not sleep.  In Apaecides the whole
aspect betokened the fervor and passion of his temperament, and the
intellectual portion of his nature seemed, by the wild fire of the eyes,
the great breadth of the temples when compared with the height of the
brow, the trembling restlessness of the lips, to be swayed and
tyrannized over by the imaginative and ideal.  Fancy, with the sister,
had stopped short at the golden goal of poetry; with the brother, less
happy and less restrained, it had wandered into visions more intangible
and unembodied; and the faculties which gave genius to the one
threatened madness to the other.

'You say I have been your enemy,' said Arbaces, 'I know the cause of
that unjust accusation: I have placed you amidst the priests of
Isis--you are revolted at their trickeries and imposture--you think that
I too have deceived you--the purity of your mind is offended--you
imagine that I am one of the deceitful...'

'You knew the jugglings of that impious craft,' answered Apaecides; 'why
did you disguise them from me?--When you excited my desire to devote
myself to the office whose garb I bear, you spoke to me of the holy life
of men resigning themselves to knowledge--you have given me for
companions an ignorant and sensual herd, who have no knowledge but that
of the grossest frauds; you spoke to me of men sacrificing the earthlier
pleasures to the sublime cultivation of virtue--you place me amongst men
reeking with all the filthiness of vice; you spoke to me of the friends,
the enlighteners of our common kind--I see but their cheats and
deluders!  Oh!  it was basely done!--you have robbed me of the glory of
youth, of the convictions of virtue, of the sanctifying thirst after
wisdom.  Young as I was, rich, fervent, the sunny pleasures of earth
before me, I resigned all without a sign, nay, with happiness and
exultation, in the thought that I resigned them for the abstruse
mysteries of diviner wisdom, for the companionship of gods--for the
revelations of Heaven--and now--now...'

Convulsive sobs checked the priest's voice; he covered his face with his
hands, and large tears forced themselves through the wasted fingers, and
ran profusely down his vest.

'What I promised to thee, that will I give, my friend, my pupil: these
have been but trials to thy virtue--it comes forth the brighter for thy
novitiate--think no more of those dull cheats--assort no more with those
menials of the goddess, the atrienses of her hall--you are worthy to
enter into the penetralia.  I henceforth will be your priest, your
guide, and you who now curse my friendship shall live to bless it.'

The young man lifted up his head, and gazed with a vacant and wondering
stare upon the Egyptian.

'Listen to me,' continued Arbaces, in an earnest and solemn voice,
casting first his searching eyes around to see that they were still
alone.  'From Egypt came all the knowledge of the world; from Egypt came
the lore of Athens, and the profound policy of Crete; from Egypt came
those early and mysterious tribes which (long before the hordes of
Romulus swept over the plains of Italy, and in the eternal cycle of
events drove back civilization into barbarism and darkness) possessed
all the arts of wisdom and the graces of intellectual life.  From Egypt
came the rites and the grandeur of that solemn Caere, whose inhabitants
taught their iron vanquishers of Rome all that they yet know of elevated
in religion and sublime in worship.  And how deemest thou, young man,
that that Egypt, the mother of countless nations, achieved her
greatness, and soared to her cloud-capt eminence of wisdom?--It was the
result of a profound and holy policy.  Your modern nations owe their
greatness to Egypt--Egypt her greatness to her priests.  Rapt in
themselves, coveting a sway over the nobler part of man, his soul and
his belief, those ancient ministers of God were inspired with the
grandest thought that ever exalted mortals.  From the revolutions of the
stars, from the seasons of the earth, from the round and unvarying
circle of human destinies, they devised an august allegory; they made it
gross and palpable to the vulgar by the signs of gods and goddesses, and
that which in reality was Government they named Religion.  Isis is a
fable--start not!--that for which Isis is a type is a reality, an
immortal being; Isis is nothing.  Nature, which she represents, is the
mother of all things--dark, ancient, inscrutable, save to the gifted
few.  "None among mortals hath ever lifted up my veil," so saith the
Isis that you adore; but to the wise that veil hath been removed, and we
have stood face to face with the solemn loveliness of Nature.  The
priests then were the benefactors, the civilizers of mankind; true, they
were also cheats, impostors if you will.  But think you, young man, that
if they had not deceived their kind they could have served them?  The
ignorant and servile vulgar must be blinded to attain to their proper
good; they would not believe a maxim--they revere an oracle.  The
Emperor of Rome sways the vast and various tribes of earth, and
harmonizes the conflicting and disunited elements; thence come peace,
order, law, the blessings of life. Think you it is the man, the emperor,
that thus sways?--no, it is the pomp, the awe, the majesty that surround
him--these are his impostures, his delusions; our oracles and our
divinations, our rites and our ceremonies, are the means of our
sovereignty and the engines of our power.  They are the same means to
the same end, the welfare and harmony of mankind.  You listen to me rapt
and intent--the light begins to dawn upon you.'

Apaecides remained silent, but the changes rapidly passing over his
speaking countenance betrayed the effect produced upon him by the words
of the Egyptian--words made tenfold more eloquent by the voice, the
aspect, and the manner of the man.

'While, then,' resumed Arbaces, 'our fathers of the Nile thus achieved
the first elements by whose life chaos is destroyed, namely, the
obedience and reverence of the multitude for the few, they drew from
their majestic and starred meditations that wisdom which was no
delusion: they invented the codes and regularities of law--the arts and
glories of existence.  They asked belief; they returned the gift by
civilization.  Were not their very cheats a virtue!  Trust me, whosoever
in yon far heavens of a diviner and more beneficent nature look down
upon our world, smile approvingly on the wisdom which has worked such
ends.  But you wish me to apply these generalities to yourself; I hasten
to obey the wish.  The altars of the goddess of our ancient faith must
be served, and served too by others than the stolid and soulless things
that are but as pegs and hooks whereon to hang the fillet and the robe.
Remember two sayings of Sextus the Pythagorean, sayings borrowed from
the lore of Egypt.  The first is, "Speak not of God to the multitude";
the second is, "The man worthy of God is a god among men." As Genius
gave to the ministers of Egypt worship, that empire in late ages so
fearfully decayed, thus by Genius only can the dominion be restored.  I
saw in you, Apaecides, a pupil worthy of my lessons--a minister worthy
of the great ends which may yet be wrought; your energy, your talents,
your purity of faith, your earnestness of enthusiasm, all fitted you for
that calling which demands so imperiously high and ardent qualities: I
fanned, therefore, your sacred desires; I stimulated you to the step you
have taken. But you blame me that I did not reveal to you the little
souls and the juggling tricks of your companions.  Had I done so,
Apaecides, I had defeated my own object; your noble nature would have at
once revolted, and Isis would have lost her priest.'

Apaecides groaned aloud.  The Egyptian continued, without heeding the

'I placed you, therefore, without preparation, in the temple; I left you
suddenly to discover and to be sickened by all those mummeries which
dazzle the herd.  I desired that you should perceive how those engines
are moved by which the fountain that refreshes the world casts its
waters in the air.  It was the trial ordained of old to all our priests.
They who accustom themselves to the impostures of the vulgar, are left
to practise them--for those like you, whose higher natures demand higher
pursuit, religion opens more god-like secrets.  I am pleased to find in
you the character I had expected.  You have taken the vows; you cannot
recede.  Advance--I will be your guide.'

'And what wilt thou teach me, O singular and fearful man?  New

'No--I have thrown thee into the abyss of disbelief; I will lead thee
now to the eminence of faith.  Thou hast seen the false types: thou
shalt learn now the realities they represent.  There is no shadow,
Apaecides, without its substance.  Come to me this night.  Your hand.'

Impressed, excited, bewildered by the language of the Egyptian,
Apaecides gave him his hand, and master and pupil parted.

It was true that for Apaecides there was no retreat.  He had taken the
vows of celibacy: he had devoted himself to a life that at present
seemed to possess all the austerities of fanaticism, without any of the
consolations of belief It was natural that he should yet cling to a
yearning desire to reconcile himself to an irrevocable career.  The
powerful and profound mind of the Egyptian yet claimed an empire over
his young imagination; excited him with vague conjecture, and kept him
alternately vibrating between hope and fear.

Meanwhile Arbaces pursued his slow and stately way to the house of Ione.
As he entered the tablinum, he heard a voice from the porticoes of the
peristyle beyond, which, musical as it was, sounded displeasingly on his
ear--it was the voice of the young and beautiful Glaucus, and for the
first time an involuntary thrill of jealousy shot through the breast of
the Egyptian.  On entering the peristyle, he found Glaucus seated by the
side of Ione.  The fountain in the odorous garden cast up its silver
spray in the air, and kept a delicious coolness in the midst of the
sultry noon.  The handmaids, almost invariably attendant on Ione, who
with her freedom of life preserved the most delicate modesty, sat at a
little distance; by the feet of Glaucus lay the lyre on which he had
been playing to Ione one of the Lesbian airs.  The scene--the group
before Arbaces, was stamped by that peculiar and refined ideality of
poesy which we yet, not erroneously, imagine to be the distinction of
the ancients--the marble columns, the vases of flowers, the statue,
white and tranquil, closing every vista; and, above all, the two living
forms, from which a sculptor might have caught either inspiration or

Arbaces, pausing for a moment, gazed on the pair with a brow from which
all the usual stern serenity had fled; he recovered himself by an
effort, and slowly approached them, but with a step so soft and
echoless, that even the attendants heard him not; much less Ione and her

'And yet,' said Glaucus, 'it is only before we love that we imagine that
our poets have truly described the passion; the instant the sun rises,
all the stars that had shone in his absence vanish into air.  The poets
exist only in the night of the heart; they are nothing to us when we
feel the full glory of the god.'

'A gentle and most glowing image, noble Glaucus.'

Both started, and recognized behind the seat of Ione the cold and
sarcastic face of the Egyptian.

'You are a sudden guest,' said Glaucus, rising, and with a forced smile.

'So ought all to be who know they are welcome,' returned Arbaces,
seating himself, and motioning to Glaucus to do the same.

'I am glad,' said Ione, 'to see you at length together; for you are
suited to each other, and you are formed to be friends.'

'Give me back some fifteen years of life,' replied the Egyptian, 'before
you can place me on an equality with Glaucus.  Happy should I be to
receive his friendship; but what can I give him in return?  Can I make
to him the same confidences that he would repose in me--of banquets and
garlands--of Parthian steeds, and the chances of the dice? these
pleasures suit his age, his nature, his career: they are not for mine.'

So saying, the artful Egyptian looked down and sighed; but from the
corner of his eye he stole a glance towards Ione, to see how she
received these insinuations of the pursuits of her visitor.  Her
countenance did not satisfy him.  Glaucus, slightly coloring, hastened
gaily to reply.  Nor was he, perhaps, without the wish in his turn to
disconcert and abash the Egyptian.

'You are right, wise Arbaces,' said he; 'we can esteem each other, but
we cannot be friends.  My banquets lack the secret salt which, according
to rumor, gives such zest to your own.  And, by Hercules! when I have
reached your age, if I, like you, may think it wise to pursue the
pleasures of manhood, like you, I shall be doubtless sarcastic on the
gallantries of youth.'

The Egyptian raised his eyes to Glaucus with a sudden and piercing

'I do not understand you,' said he, coldly; 'but it is the custom to
consider that wit lies in obscurity.' He turned from Glaucus as he
spoke, with a scarcely perceptible sneer of contempt, and after a
moment's pause addressed himself to Ione.

'I have not, beautiful Ione,' said he, 'been fortunate enough to find
you within doors the last two or three times that I have visited your

'The smoothness of the sea has tempted me much from home,' replied Ione,
with a little embarrassment.

The embarrassment did not escape Arbaces; but without seeming to heed
it, he replied with a smile: 'You know the old poet says, that "Women
should keep within doors, and there converse."'

'The poet was a cynic,' said Glaucus, 'and hated women.'

'He spoke according to the customs of his country, and that country is
your boasted Greece.'

'To different periods different customs.  Had our forefathers known
Ione, they had made a different law.'

'Did you learn these pretty gallantries at Rome?' said Arbaces, with
ill-suppressed emotion.

'One certainly would not go for gallantries to Egypt,' retorted Glaucus,
playing carelessly with his chain.

'Come, come,' said Ione, hastening to interrupt a conversation which she
saw, to her great distress, was so little likely to cement the intimacy
she had desired to effect between Glaucus and her friend, 'Arbaces must
not be so hard upon his poor pupil.  An orphan, and without a mother's
care, I may be to blame for the independent and almost masculine liberty
of life that I have chosen: yet it is not greater than the Roman women
are accustomed to--it is not greater than the Grecian ought to be.
Alas! is it only to be among men that freedom and virtue are to be
deemed united?  Why should the slavery that destroys you be considered
the only method to preserve us?  Ah! believe me, it has been the great
error of men--and one that has worked bitterly on their destinies--to
imagine that the nature of women is (I will not say inferior, that may
be so, but) so different from their own, in making laws unfavorable to
the intellectual advancement of women.  Have they not, in so doing, made
laws against their children, whom women are to rear?--against the
husbands, of whom women are to be the friends, nay, sometimes the
advisers?' Ione stopped short suddenly, and her face was suffused with
the most enchanting blushes.  She feared lest her enthusiasm had led her
too far; yet she feared the austere Arbaces less than the courteous
Glaucus, for she loved the last, and it was not the custom of the Greeks
to allow their women (at least such of their women as they most honored)
the same liberty and the same station as those of Italy enjoyed. She
felt, therefore, a thrill of delight as Glaucus earnestly replied:

'Ever mayst thou think thus, Ione--ever be your pure heart your unerring
guide!  Happy it had been for Greece if she had given to the chaste the
same intellectual charms that are so celebrated amongst the less worthy
of her women.  No state falls from freedom--from knowledge, while your
sex smile only on the free, and by appreciating, encourage the wise.'

Arbaces was silent, for it was neither his part to sanction the
sentiment of Glaucus, nor to condemn that of Ione, and, after a short
and embarrassed conversation, Glaucus took his leave of Ione.

When he was gone, Arbaces, drawing his seat nearer to the fair
Neapolitan's, said in those bland and subdued tones, in which he knew so
well how to veil the mingled art and fierceness of his character:

'Think not, my sweet pupil, if so I may call you, that I wish to shackle
that liberty you adorn while you assume: but which, if not greater, as
you rightly observe, than that possessed by the Roman women, must at
least be accompanied by great circumspection, when arrogated by one
unmarried. Continue to draw crowds of the gay, the brilliant, the wise
themselves, to your feet--continue to charm them with the conversation
of an Aspasia, the music of an Erinna--but reflect, at least, on those
censorious tongues which can so easily blight the tender reputation of a
maiden; and while you provoke admiration, give, I beseech you, no
victory to envy.'

'What mean you, Arbaces?' said Ione, in an alarmed and trembling voice:
'I know you are my friend, that you desire only my honour and my
welfare.  What is it you would say?'

'Your friend--ah, how sincerely!  May I speak then as a friend, without
reserve and without offence?'

'I beseech you do so.'

'This young profligate, this Glaucus, how didst thou know him? Hast thou
seen him often?' And as Arbaces spoke, he fixed his gaze steadfastly
upon Ione, as if he sought to penetrate into her soul.

Recoiling before that gaze, with a strange fear which she could not
explain, the Neapolitan answered with confusion and hesitation: 'He was
brought to my house as a countryman of my father's, and I may say of
mine.  I have known him only within this last week or so: but why these

'Forgive me,' said Arbaces; 'I thought you might have known him longer.
Base insinuator that he is!'

'How! what mean you?  Why that term?'

'It matters not: let me not rouse your indignation against one who does
not deserve so grave an honour.'

'I implore you speak.  What has Glaucus insinuated? or rather, in what
do you suppose he has offended?'

Smothering his resentment at the last part of Ione's question, Arbaces
continued: 'You know his pursuits, his companions his habits; the
comissatio and the alea (the revel and the dice) make his occupation;
and amongst the associates of vice how can he dream of virtue?'

'Still you speak riddles.  By the gods!  I entreat you, say the worst at

'Well, then, it must be so.  Know, my Ione, that it was but yesterday
that Glaucus boasted openly--yes, in the public baths--of your love to
him.  He said it amused him to take advantage of it. Nay, I will do him
justice, he praised your beauty.  Who could deny it? But he laughed
scornfully when his Clodius, or his Lepidus, asked him if he loved you
enough for marriage, and when he purposed to adorn his door-posts with

'Impossible!  How heard you this base slander?'

'Nay, would you have me relate to you all the comments of the insolent
coxcombs with which the story has circled through the town? Be assured
that I myself disbelieved at first, and that I have now painfully been
convinced by several ear-witnesses of the truth of what I have
reluctantly told thee.'

Ione sank back, and her face was whiter than the pillar against which
she leaned for support.

'I own it vexed--it irritated me, to hear your name thus lightly pitched
from lip to lip, like some mere dancing-girl's fame.  I hastened this
morning to seek and to warn you.  I found Glaucus here.  I was stung
from my self-possession.  I could not conceal my feelings; nay, I was
uncourteous in thy presence.  Canst thou forgive thy friend, Ione?'

Ione placed her hand in his, but replied not.

'Think no more of this,' said he; 'but let it be a warning voice, to
tell thee how much prudence thy lot requires.  It cannot hurt thee,
Ione, for a moment; for a gay thing like this could never have been
honored by even a serious thought from Ione.  These insults only wound
when they come from one we love; far different indeed is he whom the
lofty Ione shall stoop to love.'

'Love!' muttered Ione, with an hysterical laugh.  'Ay, indeed.'

It is not without interest to observe in those remote times, and under a
social system so widely different from the modern, the same small causes
that ruffle and interrupt the 'course of love', which operate so
commonly at this day--the same inventive jealousy, the same cunning
slander, the same crafty and fabricated retailings of petty gossip,
which so often now suffice to break the ties of the truest love, and
counteract the tenor of circumstances most apparently propitious.  When
the bark sails on over the smoothest wave, the fable tells us of the
diminutive fish that can cling to the keel and arrest its progress: so
is it ever with the great passions of mankind; and we should paint life
but ill if, even in times the most prodigal of romance, and of the
romance of which we most largely avail ourselves, we did not also
describe the mechanism of those trivial and household springs of
mischief which we see every day at work in our chambers and at our
hearths.  It is in these, the lesser intrigues of life, that we mostly
find ourselves at home with the past.

Most cunningly had the Egyptian appealed to Ione's ruling foible--most
dexterously had he applied the poisoned dart to her pride.  He fancied
he had arrested what he hoped, from the shortness of the time she had
known Glaucus, was, at most, but an incipient fancy; and hastening to
change the subject, he now led her to talk of her brother.  Their
conversation did not last long.  He left her, resolved not again to
trust so much to absence, but to visit--to watch her--every day.

No sooner had his shadow glided from her presence, than woman's
pride--her sex's dissimulation--deserted his intended victim, and the
haughty Ione burst into passionate tears.

Chapter VII


WHEN Glaucus left Ione, he felt as if he trod upon air.  In the
interview with which he had just been blessed, he had for the first time
gathered from her distinctly that his love was not unwelcome to, and
would not be unrewarded by, her.  This hope filled him with a rapture
for which earth and heaven seemed too narrow to afford a vent.
Unconscious of the sudden enemy he had left behind, and forgetting not
only his taunts but his very existence, Glaucus passed through the gay
streets, repeating to himself, in the wantonness of joy, the music of
the soft air to which Ione had listened with such intentness; and now he
entered the Street of Fortune, with its raised footpath--its houses
painted without, and the open doors admitting the view of the glowing
frescoes within.  Each end of the street was adorned with a triumphal
arch: and as Glaucus now came before the Temple of Fortune, the jutting
portico of that beautiful fane (which is supposed to have been built by
one of the family of Cicero, perhaps by the orator himself) imparted a
dignified and venerable feature to a scene otherwise more brilliant than
lofty in its character.  That temple was one of the most graceful
specimens of Roman architecture. It was raised on a somewhat lofty
podium; and between two flights of steps ascending to a platform stood
the altar of the goddess.  From this platform another flight of broad
stairs led to the portico, from the height of whose fluted columns hung
festoons of the richest flowers.  On either side the extremities of the
temple were placed statues of Grecian workmanship; and at a little
distance from the temple rose the triumphal arch crowned with an
equestrian statue of Caligula, which was flanked by trophies of bronze.
In the space before the temple a lively throng were assembled--some
seated on benches and discussing the politics of the empire, some
conversing on the approaching spectacle of the amphitheatre.  One knot
of young men were lauding a new beauty, another discussing the merits of
the last play; a third group, more stricken in age, were speculating on
the chance of the trade with Alexandria, and amidst these were many
merchants in the Eastern costume, whose loose and peculiar robes,
painted and gemmed slippers, and composed and serious countenances,
formed a striking contrast to the tunicked forms and animated gestures
of the Italians.  For that impatient and lively people had, as now, a
language distinct from speech--a language of signs and motions,
inexpressibly significant and vivacious: their descendants retain it,
and the learned Jorio hath written a most entertaining work upon that
species of hieroglyphical gesticulation.

Sauntering through the crowd, Glaucus soon found himself amidst a group
of his merry and dissipated friends.

'Ah!' said Sallust, 'it is a lustrum since I saw you.'

'And how have you spent the lustrum?  What new dishes have you

'I have been scientific,' returned Sallust, 'and have made some
experiments in the feeding of lampreys: I confess I despair of bringing
them to the perfection which our Roman ancestors attained.'

'Miserable man! and why?'

'Because,' returned Sallust, with a sigh, 'it is no longer lawful to
give them a slave to eat.  I am very often tempted to make away with a
very fat carptor (butler) whom I possess, and pop him slily into the
reservoir.  He would give the fish a most oleaginous flavor!  But slaves
are not slaves nowadays, and have no sympathy with their masters'
interest--or Davus would destroy himself to oblige me!'

'What news from Rome?' said Lepidus, as he languidly joined the group.

'The emperor has been giving a splendid supper to the senators,'
answered Sallust.

'He is a good creature,' quoth Lepidus; 'they say he never sends a man
away without granting his request.'

'Perhaps he would let me kill a slave for my reservoir?' returned
Sallust, eagerly.

'Not unlikely,' said Glaucus; 'for he who grants a favor to one Roman,
must always do it at the expense of another.  Be sure, that for every
smile Titus has caused, a hundred eyes have wept.'

'Long live Titus!' cried Pansa, overhearing the emperor's name, as he
swept patronizingly through the crowd; 'he has promised my brother a
quaestorship, because he had run through his fortune.'

'And wishes now to enrich himself among the people, my Pansa,' said

'Exactly so,' said Pansa.

'That is putting the people to some use,' said Glaucus.

'To be sure, returned Pansa.  'Well, I must go and look after the
aerarium--it is a little out of repair'; and followed by a long train of
clients, distinguished from the rest of the throng by the togas they
wore (for togas, once the sign of freedom in a citizen, were now the
badge of servility to a patron), the aedile fidgeted fussily away.

'Poor Pansa!' said Lepidus: 'he never has time for pleasure.  Thank
Heaven I am not an aedile!'

'Ah, Glaucus! how are you? gay as ever?' said Clodius, joining the

'Are you come to sacrifice to Fortune?' said Sallust.

'I sacrifice to her every night,' returned the gamester.

'I do not doubt it.  No man has made more victims!'

'By Hercules, a biting speech!' cried Glaucus, laughing.

'The dog's letter is never out of your mouth, Sallust,' said Clodius,
angrily: 'you are always snarling.'

'I may well have the dog's letter in my mouth, since, whenever I play
with you, I have the dog's throw in my hand,' returned Sallust.

'Hist!' said Glaucus, taking a rose from a flower-girl, who stood

'The rose is the token of silence,' replied Sallust, 'but I love only to
see it at the supper-table.'

'Talking of that, Diomed gives a grand feast next week,' said Sallust:
'are you invited, Glaucus?'

'Yes, I received an invitation this morning.'

'And I, too,' said Sallust, drawing a square piece of papyrus from his
girdle: 'I see that he asks us an hour earlier than usual: an earnest of
something sumptuous.'

'Oh! he is rich as Croesus,' said Clodius; 'and his bill of fare is as
long as an epic.'

'Well, let us to the baths,' said Glaucus: 'this is the time when all
the world is there; and Fulvius, whom you admire so much, is going to
read us his last ode.'

The young men assented readily to the proposal, and they strolled to the

Although the public thermae, or baths, were instituted rather for the
poorer citizens than the wealthy (for the last had baths in their own
houses), yet, to the crowds of all ranks who resorted to them, it was a
favorite place for conversation, and for that indolent lounging so dear
to a gay and thoughtless people.  The baths at Pompeii differed, of
course, in plan and construction from the vast and complicated thermae
of Rome; and, indeed, it seems that in each city of the empire there was
always some slight modification of arrangement in the general
architecture of the public baths. This mightily puzzles the learned--as
if architects and fashion were not capricious before the nineteenth
century!  Our party entered by the principal porch in the Street of
Fortune.  At the wing of the portico sat the keeper of the baths, with
his two boxes before him, one for the money he received, one for the
tickets he dispensed.  Round the walls of the portico were seats crowded
with persons of all ranks; while others, as the regimen of the
physicians prescribed, were walking briskly to and fro the portico,
stopping every now and then to gaze on the innumerable notices of shows,
games, sales, exhibitions, which were painted or inscribed upon the
walls. The general subject of conversation was, however, the spectacle
announced in the amphitheatre; and each new-comer was fastened upon by a
group eager to know if Pompeii had been so fortunate as to produce some
monstrous criminal, some happy case of sacrilege or of murder, which
would allow the aediles to provide a man for the jaws of the lion: all
other more common exhibitions seemed dull and tame, when compared with
the possibility of this fortunate occurrence.

'For my part,' said one jolly-looking man, who was a goldsmith, 'I think
the emperor, if he is as good as they say, might have sent us a Jew.'

'Why not take one of the new sect of Nazarenes?' said a philosopher.  'I
am not cruel: but an atheist, one who denies Jupiter himself, deserves
no mercy.'

'I care not how many gods a man likes to believe in,' said the
goldsmith; 'but to deny all gods is something monstrous.'

'Yet I fancy,' said Glaucus, 'that these people are not absolutely
atheists. I am told that they believe in a God--nay, in a future state.'

'Quite a mistake, my dear Glaucus,' said the philosopher.  'I have
conferred with them--they laughed in my face when I talked of Pluto and

'O ye gods!' exclaimed the goldsmith, in horror; 'are there any of these
wretches in Pompeii?'

'I know there are a few: but they meet so privately that it is
impossible to discover who they are.'

As Glaucus turned away, a sculptor, who was a great enthusiast in his
art, looked after him admiringly.

'Ah!' said he, 'if we could get him on the arena--there would be a model
for you! What limbs! what a head! he ought to have been a gladiator!  A
subject--a subject--worthy of our art!  Why don't they give him to the

Meanwhile Fulvius, the Roman poet, whom his contemporaries declared
immortal, and who, but for this history, would never have been heard of
in our neglectful age, came eagerly up to Glaucus. 'Oh, my Athenian, my
Glaucus, you have come to hear my ode!  That is indeed an honour; you, a
Greek--to whom the very language of common life is poetry.  How I thank
you. It is but a trifle; but if I secure your approbation, perhaps I may
get an introduction to Titus.  Oh, Glaucus! a poet without a patron is
an amphora without a label; the wine may be good, but nobody will laud
it!  And what says Pythagoras?--"Frankincense to the gods, but praise to
man." A patron, then, is the poet's priest: he procures him the incense,
and obtains him his believers.'

'But all Pompeii is your patron, and every portico an altar in your

'Ah! the poor Pompeians are very civil--they love to honour merit. But
they are only the inhabitants of a petty town--spero meliora! Shall we

'Certainly; we lose time till we hear your poem.'

At this instant there was a rush of some twenty persons from the baths
into the portico; and a slave stationed at the door of a small corridor
now admitted the poet, Glaucus, Clodius, and a troop of the bard's other
friends, into the passage.

'A poor place this, compared with the Roman thermae!' said Lepidus,

'Yet is there some taste in the ceiling,' said Glaucus, who was in a
mood to be pleased with everything; pointing to the stars which studded
the roof.

Lepidus shrugged his shoulders, but was too languid to reply.

They now entered a somewhat spacious chamber, which served for the
purposes of the apodyterium (that is, a place where the bathers prepared
themselves for their luxurious ablutions).  The vaulted ceiling was
raised from a cornice, glowingly colored with motley and grotesque
paintings; the ceiling itself was paneled in white compartments bordered
with rich crimson; the unsullied and shining floor was paved with white
mosaics, and along the walls were ranged benches for the accommodation
of the loiterers.  This chamber did not possess the numerous and
spacious windows which Vitruvius attributes to his more magnificent
frigidarium.  The Pompeians, as all the southern Italians, were fond of
banishing the light of their sultry skies, and combined in their
voluptuous associations the idea of luxury with darkness.  Two windows
of glass alone admitted the soft and shaded ray; and the compartment in
which one of these casements was placed was adorned with a large relief
of the destruction of the Titans.

In this apartment Fulvius seated himself with a magisterial air, and his
audience gathering round him, encouraged him to commence his recital.

The poet did not require much pressing.  He drew forth from his vest a
roll of papyrus, and after hemming three times, as much to command
silence as to clear his voice, he began that wonderful ode, of which, to
the great mortification of the author of this history, no single verse
can be discovered.

By the plaudits he received, it was doubtless worthy of his fame; and
Glaucus was the only listener who did not find it excel the best odes of

The poem concluded, those who took only the cold bath began to undress;
they suspended their garments on hooks fastened in the wall, and
receiving, according to their condition, either from their own slaves or
those of the thermae, loose robes in exchange, withdrew into that
graceful circular building which yet exists, to shame the unlaving
posterity of the south.

The more luxurious departed by another door to the tepidarium, a place
which was heated to a voluptuous warmth, partly by a movable fireplace,
principally by a suspended pavement, beneath which was conducted the
caloric of the laconicum.

Here this portion of the intended bathers, after unrobing themselves,
remained for some time enjoying the artificial warmth of the luxurious
air. And this room, as befitted its important rank in the long process
of ablution, was more richly and elaborately decorated than the rest;
the arched roof was beautifully carved and painted; the windows above,
of ground glass, admitted but wandering and uncertain rays; below the
massive cornices were rows of figures in massive and bold relief; the
walls glowed with crimson, the pavement was skillfully tessellated in
white mosaics.  Here the habituated bathers, men who bathed seven times
a day, would remain in a state of enervate and speechless lassitude,
either before or (mostly) after the water-bath; and many of these
victims of the pursuit of health turned their listless eyes on the
newcomers, recognizing their friends with a nod, but dreading the
fatigue of conversation.

From this place the party again diverged, according to their several
fancies, some to the sudatorium, which answered the purpose of our
vapor-baths, and thence to the warm-bath itself; those more accustomed
to exercise, and capable of dispensing with so cheap a purchase of
fatigue, resorted at once to the calidarium, or water-bath.

In order to complete this sketch, and give to the reader an adequate
notion of this, the main luxury of the ancients, we will accompany
Lepidus, who regularly underwent the whole process, save only the cold
bath, which had gone lately out of fashion.  Being then gradually warmed
in the tepidarium, which has just been described, the delicate steps of
the Pompeian elegant were conducted to the sudatorium.  Here let the
reader depict to himself the gradual process of the vapor-bath,
accompanied by an exhalation of spicy perfumes.  After our bather had
undergone this operation, he was seized by his slaves, who always
awaited him at the baths, and the dews of heat were removed by a kind of
scraper, which (by the way) a modern traveler has gravely declared to be
used only to remove the dirt, not one particle of which could ever
settle on the polished skin of the practised bather. Thence, somewhat
cooled, he passed into the water-bath, over which fresh perfumes were
profusely scattered, and on emerging from the opposite part of the room,
a cooling shower played over his head and form.  Then wrapping himself
in a light robe, he returned once more to the tepidarium, where he found
Glaucus, who had not encountered the sudatorium; and now, the main
delight and extravagance of the bath commenced.  Their slaves anointed
the bathers from vials of gold, of alabaster, or of crystal, studded
with profusest gems, and containing the rarest unguents gathered from
all quarters of the world.  The number of these smegmata used by the
wealthy would fill a modern volume--especially if the volume were
printed by a fashionable publisher; Amaracinum, Megalium, Nardum--omne
quod exit in um--while soft music played in an adjacent chamber, and
such as used the bath in moderation, refreshed and restored by the
grateful ceremony, conversed with all the zest and freshness of
rejuvenated life.

'Blessed be he who invented baths!' said Glaucus, stretching himself
along one of those bronze seats (then covered with soft cushions) which
the visitor to Pompeii sees at this day in that same tepidarium.
'Whether he were Hercules or Bacchus, he deserved deification.'

'But tell me,' said a corpulent citizen, who was groaning and wheezing
under the operation of being rubbed down, 'tell me, O Glaucus!--evil
chance to thy hands, O slave! why so rough?--tell me--ugh--ugh!--are the
baths at Rome really so magnificent?' Glaucus turned, and recognized
Diomed, though not without some difficulty, so red and so inflamed were
the good man's cheeks by the sudatory and the scraping he had so lately
undergone.  'I fancy they must be a great deal finer than these.  Eh?'
Suppressing a smile, Glaucus replied:

'Imagine all Pompeii converted into baths, and you will then form a
notion of the size of the imperial thermae of Rome.  But a notion of the
size only. Imagine every entertainment for mind and body--enumerate all
the gymnastic games our fathers invented--repeat all the books Italy and
Greece have produced--suppose places for all these games, admirers for
all these works--add to this, baths of the vastest size, the most
complicated construction--intersperse the whole with gardens, with
theatres, with porticoes, with schools--suppose, in one word, a city of
the gods, composed but of palaces and public edifices, and you may form
some faint idea of the glories of the great baths of Rome.'

'By Hercules!' said Diomed, opening his eyes, 'why, it would take a
man's whole life to bathe!'

'At Rome, it often does so,' replied Glaucus, gravely.  'There are many
who live only at the baths.  They repair there the first hour in which
the doors are opened, and remain till that in which the doors are
closed.  They seem as if they knew nothing of the rest of Rome, as if
they despised all other existence.'

'By Pollux! you amaze me.'

'Even those who bathe only thrice a day contrive to consume their lives
in this occupation.  They take their exercise in the tennis-court or the
porticoes, to prepare them for the first bath; they lounge into the
theatre, to refresh themselves after it.  They take their prandium under
the trees, and think over their second bath. By the time it is prepared,
the prandium is digested.  From the second bath they stroll into one of
the peristyles, to hear some new poet recite: or into the library, to
sleep over an old one. Then comes the supper, which they still consider
but a part of the bath: and then a third time they bathe again, as the
best place to converse with their friends.'

'Per Hercle! but we have their imitators at Pompeii.'

'Yes, and without their excuse.  The magnificent voluptuaries of the
Roman baths are happy: they see nothing but gorgeousness and splendor;
they visit not the squalid parts of the city; they know not that there
is poverty in the world.  All Nature smiles for them, and her only frown
is the last one which sends them to bathe in Cocytus. Believe me, they
are your only true philosophers.'

While Glaucus was thus conversing, Lepidus, with closed eyes and scarce
perceptible breath, was undergoing all the mystic operations, not one of
which he ever suffered his attendants to omit.  After the perfumes and
the unguents, they scattered over him the luxurious powder which
prevented any further accession of heat: and this being rubbed away by
the smooth surface of the pumice, he began to indue, not the garments he
had put off, but those more festive ones termed 'the synthesis', with
which the Romans marked their respect for the coming ceremony of supper,
if rather, from its hour (three o'clock in our measurement of time), it
might not be more fitly denominated dinner.  This done, he at length
opened his eyes and gave signs of returning life.

At the same time, too, Sallust betokened by a long yawn the evidence of

'It is supper time,' said the epicure; 'you, Glaucus and Lepidus, come
and sup with me.'

'Recollect you are all three engaged to my house next week,' cried
Diomed, who was mightily proud of the acquaintance of men of fashion.

'Ah, ah! we recollect,' said Sallust; 'the seat of memory, my Diomed, is
certainly in the stomach.'

Passing now once again into the cooler air, and so into the street, our
gallants of that day concluded the ceremony of a Pompeian bath.

Chapter VIII


THE evening darkened over the restless city as Apaecides took his way to
the house of the Egyptian.  He avoided the more lighted and populous
streets; and as he strode onward with his head buried in his bosom, and
his arms folded within his robe, there was something startling in the
contrast, which his solemn mien and wasted form presented to the
thoughtless brows and animated air of those who occasionally crossed his

At length, however, a man of a more sober and staid demeanor, and who
had twice passed him with a curious but doubting look, touched him on
the shoulder.

'Apaecides!' said he, and he made a rapid sign with his hands: it was
the sign of the cross.

'Well, Nazarene,' replied the priest, and his face grew paler; 'what
wouldst thou?'

'Nay,' returned the stranger, 'I would not interrupt thy meditations;
but the last time we met, I seemed not to be so unwelcome.'

'You are not unwelcome, Olinthus; but I am sad and weary: nor am I able
this evening to discuss with you those themes which are most acceptable
to you.'

'O backward of heart!' said Olinthus, with bitter fervor; and art thou
sad and weary, and wilt thou turn from the very springs that refresh and

'O earth!' cried the young priest, striking his breast passionately,
'from what regions shall my eyes open to the true Olympus, where thy
gods really dwell?  Am I to believe with this man, that none whom for so
many centuries my fathers worshipped have a being or a name?  Am I to
break down, as something blasphemous and profane, the very altars which
I have deemed most sacred? or am I to think with Arbaces--what?' He
paused, and strode rapidly away in the impatience of a man who strives
to get rid of himself.  But the Nazarene was one of those hardy,
vigorous, and enthusiastic men, by whom God in all times has worked the
revolutions of earth, and those, above all, in the establishment and in
the reformation of His own religion--men who were formed to convert,
because formed to endure.  It is men of this mould whom nothing
discourages, nothing dismays; in the fervor of belief they are inspired
and they inspire.  Their reason first kindles their passion, but the
passion is the instrument they use; they force themselves into men's
hearts, while they appear only to appeal to their judgment.  Nothing is
so contagious as enthusiasm; it is the real allegory of the tale of
Orpheus--it moves stones, it charms brutes.  Enthusiasm is the genius of
sincerity, and truth accomplishes no victories without it.

Olinthus did not then suffer Apaecides thus easily to escape him.  He
overtook and addressed him thus:

'I do not wonder, Apaecides, that I distress you; that I shake all the
elements of your mind: that you are lost in doubt; that you drift here
and there in the vast ocean of uncertain and benighted thought.  I
wonder not at this, but bear with me a little; watch and pray--the
darkness shall vanish, the storm sleep, and God Himself, as He came of
yore on the seas of Samaria, shall walk over the lulled billows, to the
delivery of your soul.  Ours is a religion jealous in its demands, but
how infinitely prodigal in its gifts! It troubles you for an hour, it
repays you by immortality.'

'Such promises,' said Apaecides, sullenly, 'are the tricks by which man
is ever gulled.  Oh, glorious were the promises which led me to the
shrine of Isis!'

'But,' answered the Nazarene, 'ask thy reason, can that religion be
sound which outrages all morality?  You are told to worship your gods.
What are those gods, even according to yourselves?  What their actions,
what their attributes?  Are they not all represented to you as the
blackest of criminals? yet you are asked to serve them as the holiest of
divinities. Jupiter himself is a parricide and an adulterer.  What are
the meaner deities but imitators of his vices?  You are told not to
murder, but you worship murderers; you are told not to commit adultery,
and you make your prayers to an adulterer!  Oh!  what is this but a
mockery of the holiest part of man's nature, which is faith?  Turn now
to the God, the one, the true God, to whose shrine I would lead you.  If
He seem to you too sublime, two shadowy, for those human associations,
those touching connections between Creator and creature, to which the
weak heart clings--contemplate Him in His Son, who put on mortality like
ourselves.  His mortality is not indeed declared, like that of your
fabled gods, by the vices of our nature, but by the practice of all its
virtues.  In Him are united the austerest morals with the tenderest
affections.  If He were but a mere man, He had been worthy to become a
god.  You honour Socrates--he has his sect, his disciples, his schools.
But what are the doubtful virtues of the Athenian, to the bright, the
undisputed, the active, the unceasing, the devoted holiness of Christ?
I speak to you now only of His human character.  He came in that as the
pattern of future ages, to show us the form of virtue which Plato
thirsted to see embodied. This was the true sacrifice that He made for
man; but the halo that encircled His dying hour not only brightened
earth, but opened to us the sight of heaven!  You are touched--you are
moved.  God works in your heart.  His Spirit is with you.  Come, resist
not the holy impulse; come at once--unhesitatingly.  A few of us are now
assembled to expound the word of God.  Come, let me guide you to them.
You are sad, you are weary.  Listen, then, to the words of God: "Come to
me", saith He, "all ye that are heavy laden, and I will give you rest!"'

'I cannot now,' said Apaecides; 'another time.'

'Now--now!' exclaimed Olinthus, earnestly, and clasping him by the arm.

But Apaecides, yet unprepared for the renunciation of that faith--that
life, for which he had sacrificed so much, and still haunted by the
promises of the Egyptian, extricated himself forcibly from the grasp;
and feeling an effort necessary to conquer the irresolution which the
eloquence of the Christian had begun to effect in his heated and
feverish mind, he gathered up his robes and fled away with a speed that
defied pursuit.

Breathless and exhausted, he arrived at last in a remote and sequestered
part of the city, and the lone house of the Egyptian stood before him.
As he paused to recover himself, the moon emerged from a silver cloud,
and shone full upon the walls of that mysterious habitation.

No other house was near--the darksome vines clustered far and wide in
front of the building and behind it rose a copse of lofty forest trees,
sleeping in the melancholy moonlight; beyond stretched the dim outline
of the distant hills, and amongst them the quiet crest of Vesuvius, not
then so lofty as the traveler beholds it now.

Apaecides passed through the arching vines, and arrived at the broad and
spacious portico.  Before it, on either side of the steps, reposed the
image of the Egyptian sphinx, and the moonlight gave an additional and
yet more solemn calm to those large, and harmonious, and passionless
features, in which the sculptors of that type of wisdom united so much
of loveliness with awe; half way up the extremities of the steps
darkened the green and massive foliage of the aloe, and the shadow of
the eastern palm cast its long and unwaving boughs partially over the
marble surface of the stairs.

Something there was in the stillness of the place, and the strange
aspect of the sculptured sphinxes, which thrilled the blood of the
priest with a nameless and ghostly fear, and he longed even for an echo
to his noiseless steps as he ascended to the threshold.

He knocked at the door, over which was wrought an inscription in
characters unfamiliar to his eyes; it opened without a sound, and a tall
Ethiopian slave, without question or salutation, motioned to him to

The wide hall was lighted by lofty candelabra of elaborate bronze, and
round the walls were wrought vast hieroglyphics, in dark and solemn
colors, which contrasted strangely with the bright hues and graceful
shapes with which the inhabitants of Italy decorated their abodes.  At
the extremity of the hall, a slave, whose countenance, though not
African, was darker by many shades than the usual color of the south,
advanced to meet him.

'I seek Arbaces,' said the priest; but his voice trembled even in his
own ear.  The slave bowed his head in silence, and leading Apaecides to
a wing without the hall, conducted him up a narrow staircase, and then
traversing several rooms, in which the stern and thoughtful beauty of
the sphinx still made the chief and most impressive object of the
priest's notice, Apaecides found himself in a dim and half-lighted
chamber, in the presence of the Egyptian.

Arbaces was seated before a small table, on which lay unfolded several
scrolls of papyrus, impressed with the same character as that on the
threshold of the mansion.  A small tripod stood at a little distance,
from the incense in which the smoke slowly rose.  Near this was a vast
globe, depicting the signs of heaven; and upon another table lay several
instruments, of curious and quaint shape, whose uses were unknown to
Apaecides.  The farther extremity of the room was concealed by a
curtain, and the oblong window in the roof admitted the rays of the
moon, mingling sadly with the single lamp which burned in the apartment.

'Seat yourself, Apaecides,' said the Egyptian, without rising.

The young man obeyed.

'You ask me,' resumed Arbaces, after a short pause, in which he seemed
absorbed in thought--'You ask me, or would do so, the mightiest secrets
which the soul of man is fitted to receive; it is the enigma of life
itself that you desire me to solve.  Placed like children in the dark,
and but for a little while, in this dim and confined existence, we shape
our spectres in the obscurity; our thoughts now sink back into ourselves
in terror, now wildly plunge themselves into the guideless gloom,
guessing what it may contain; stretching our helpless hands here and
there, lest, blindly, we stumble upon some hidden danger; not knowing
the limits of our boundary, now feeling them suffocate us with
compression, now seeing them extend far away till they vanish into
eternity.  In this state all wisdom consists necessarily in the solution
of two questions: "What are we to believe? and What are we to reject?"
These questions you desire me to decide.'

Apaecides bowed his head in assent.

'Man must have some belief,' continued the Egyptian, in a tone of
sadness. 'He must fasten his hope to something: is our common nature
that you inherit when, aghast and terrified to see that in which you
have been taught to place your faith swept away, you float over a dreary
and shoreless sea of incertitude, you cry for help, you ask for some
plank to cling to, some land, however dim and distant, to attain.  Well,
then, have not forgotten our conversation of to-day?'


'I confessed to you that those deities for whom smoke so many altars
were but inventions.  I confessed to you that our rites and ceremonies
were but mummeries, to delude and lure the herd to their proper good.  I
explained to you that from those delusions came the bonds of society,
the harmony of the world, the power of the wise; that power is in the
obedience of the vulgar. Continue we then these salutary delusions--if
man must have some belief, continue to him that which his fathers have
made dear to him, and which custom sanctifies and strengthens.  In
seeking a subtler faith for us, whose senses are too spiritual for the
gross one, let us leave others that support which crumbles from
ourselves.  This is wise--it is benevolent.'


'This being settled,' resumed the Egyptian, 'the old landmarks being
left uninjured for those whom we are about to desert, we gird up our
loins and depart to new climes of faith.  Dismiss at once from your
recollection, from your thought, all that you have believed before.
Suppose the mind a blank, an unwritten scroll, fit to receive
impressions for the first time.  Look round the world--observe its
order--its regularity--its design.  Something must have created it--the
design speaks a designer: in that certainty we first touch land.  But
what is that something?--A god, you cry.  Stay--no confused
and confusing names.  Of that which created the world, we know,
we can know, nothing, save these attributes--power and unvarying
regularity--stern, crushing, relentless regularity--heeding no
individual cases--rolling--sweeping--burning on; no matter what
scattered hearts, severed from the general mass, fall ground and
scorched beneath its wheels. The mixture of evil with good--the
existence of suffering and of crime--in all times have perplexed the
wise.  They created a god--they supposed him benevolent.  How then came
this evil? why did he permit it--nay, why invent, why perpetuate it?  To
account for this, the Persian creates a second spirit, whose nature is
evil, and supposes a continual war between that and the god of good.  In
our own shadowy and tremendous Typhon, the Egyptians image a similar
demon.  Perplexing blunder that yet more bewilders us!--folly that arose
from the vain delusion that makes a palpable, a corporeal, a human
being, of this unknown power--that clothes the Invisible with attributes
and a nature similar to the Seen.  No: to this designer let us give a
name that does not command our bewildering associations, and the mystery
becomes more clear--that name is NECESSITY.  Necessity, say the Greeks,
compels the gods.  Then why the gods?--their agency becomes
unnecessary--dismiss them at once. Necessity is the ruler of all we
see--power, regularity--these two qualities make its nature.  Would you
ask more?--you can learn nothing: whether it be eternal--whether it
compel us, its creatures, to new careers after that darkness which we
call death--we cannot tell.  There leave we this ancient, unseen,
unfathomable power, and come to that which, to our eyes, is the great
minister of its functions. This we can task more, from this we can learn
more: its evidence is around us--its name is NATURE.  The error of the
sages has been to direct their researches to the attributes of
necessity, where all is gloom and blindness. Had they confined their
researches to Nature--what of knowledge might we not already have
achieved?  Here patience, examination, are never directed in vain.  We
see what we explore; our minds ascend a palpable ladder of causes and
effects. Nature is the great agent of the external universe, and
Necessity imposes upon it the laws by which it acts, and imparts to us
the powers by which we examine; those powers are curiosity and
memory--their union is reason, their perfection is wisdom.  Well, then,
I examine by the help of these powers this inexhaustible Nature.  I
examine the earth, the air, the ocean, the heaven: I find that all have
a mystic sympathy with each other--that the moon sways the tides--that
the air maintains the earth, and is the medium of the life and sense of
things--that by the knowledge of the stars we measure the limits of the
earth--that we portion out the epochs of time--that by their pale light
we are guided into the abyss of the past--that in their solemn lore we
discern the destinies of the future. And thus, while we know not that
which Necessity is, we learn, at least, her decrees.  And now, what
morality do we glean from this religion?--for religion it is.  I believe
in two deities--Nature and Necessity; I worship the last by reverence,
the first by investigation.  What is the morality my religion teaches?
This--all things are subject but to general rules; the sun shines for
the joy of the many--it may bring sorrow to the few; the night sheds
sleep on the multitude--but it harbors murder as well as rest; the
forests adorn the earth--but shelter the serpent and the lion; the ocean
supports a thousand barks--but it engulfs the one. It is only thus for
the general, and not for the universal benefit, that Nature acts, and
Necessity speeds on her awful course.  This is the morality of the dread
agents of the world--it is mine, who am their creature.  I would
preserve the delusions of priestcraft, for they are serviceable to the
multitude; I would impart to man the arts I discover, the sciences I
perfect; I would speed the vast career of civilizing lore: in this I
serve the mass, I fulfill the general law, I execute the great moral
that Nature preaches.  For myself I claim the individual exception; I
claim it for the wise--satisfied that my individual actions are nothing
in the great balance of good and evil; satisfied that the product of my
knowledge can give greater blessings to the mass than my desires can
operate evil on the few (for the first can extend to remotest regions
and humanize nations yet unborn), I give to the world wisdom, to myself
freedom. I enlighten the lives of others, and I enjoy my own.  Yes; our
wisdom is eternal, but our life is short: make the most of it while it
lasts. Surrender thy youth to pleasure, and thy senses to delight.  Soon
comes the hour when the wine-cup is shattered, and the garlands shall
cease to bloom.  Enjoy while you may.  Be still, O Apaecides, my pupil
and my follower!  I will teach thee the mechanism of Nature, her darkest
and her wildest secrets--the lore which fools call magic--and the mighty
mysteries of the stars. By this shalt thou discharge thy duty to the
mass; by this shalt thou enlighten thy race.  But I will lead thee also
to pleasures of which the vulgar do not dream; and the day which thou
givest to men shall be followed by the sweet night which thou
surrenderest to thyself.'

As the Egyptian ceased there rose about, around, beneath, the softest
music that Lydia ever taught, or Iona ever perfected.  It came like a
stream of sound, bathing the senses unawares; enervating, subduing with
delight.  It seemed the melodies of invisible spirits, such as the
shepherd might have heard in the golden age, floating through the vales
of Thessaly, or in the noontide glades of Paphos.  The words which had
rushed to the lip of Apaecides, in answer to the sophistries of the
Egyptian, died tremblingly away.  He felt it as a profanation to break
upon that enchanted strain--the susceptibility of his excited nature,
the Greek softness and ardour of his secret soul, were swayed and
captured by surprise.  He sank on the seat with parted lips and
thirsting ear; while in a chorus of voices, bland and melting as those
which waked Psyche in the halls of love, rose the following song:

                THE HYMN OF EROS

       By the cool banks where soft Cephisus flows,
         A voice sail'd trembling down the waves of air;
        The leaves blushed brighter in the Teian's rose,
         The doves couch'd breathless in their summer lair;

       While from their hands the purple flowerets fell,
         The laughing Hours stood listening in the sky;--
       From Pan's green cave to AEgle's haunted cell,
         Heaved the charm'd earth in one delicious sigh.

       Love, sons of earth!  I am the Power of Love!
         Eldest of all the gods, with Chaos born;
        My smile sheds light along the courts above,
         My kisses wake the eyelids of the Morn.

       Mine are the stars--there, ever as ye gaze,
         Ye meet the deep spell of my haunting eyes;
        Mine is the moon--and, mournful if her rays,
         'Tis that she lingers where her Carian lies.

       The flowers are mine--the blushes of the rose,
         The violet--charming Zephyr to the shade;
        Mine the quick light that in the Maybeam glows,
         And mine the day-dream in the lonely glade.

       Love, sons of earth--for love is earth's soft lore,
         Look where ye will--earth overflows with ME;
        Learn from the waves that ever kiss the shore,
         And the winds nestling on the heaving sea.

       'All teaches love!'--The sweet voice, like a dream,
         Melted in light; yet still the airs above,
        The waving sedges, and the whispering stream,
         And the green forest rustling, murmur'd 'LOVE!'
As the voices died away, the Egyptian seized the hand of Apaecides, and
led him, wandering, intoxicated, yet half-reluctant, across the chamber
towards the curtain at the far end; and now, from behind that curtain,
there seemed to burst a thousand sparkling stars; the veil itself,
hitherto dark, was now lighted by these fires behind into the tenderest
blue of heaven.  It represented heaven itself--such a heaven, as in the
nights of June might have shone down over the streams of Castaly.  Here
and there were painted rosy and aerial clouds, from which smiled, by the
limner's art, faces of divinest beauty, and on which reposed the shapes
of which Phidias and Apelles dreamed.  And the stars which studded the
transparent azure rolled rapidly as they shone, while the music, that
again woke with a livelier and lighter sound, seemed to imitate the
melody of the joyous spheres.

'Oh! what miracle is this, Arbaces,' said Apaecides in faltering
accents. 'After having denied the gods, art thou about to reveal to

'Their pleasures!' interrupted Arbaces, in a tone so different from its
usual cold and tranquil harmony that Apaecides started, and thought the
Egyptian himself transformed; and now, as they neared the curtain, a
wild--a loud--an exulting melody burst from behind its concealment.
With that sound the veil was rent in twain--it parted--it seemed to
vanish into air: and a scene, which no Sybarite ever more than rivalled,
broke upon the dazzled gaze of the youthful priest.  A vast banquet-room
stretched beyond, blazing with countless lights, which filled the warm
air with the scents of frankincense, of jasmine, of violets, of myrrh;
all that the most odorous flowers, all that the most costly spices could
distil, seemed gathered into one ineffable and ambrosial essence: from
the light columns that sprang upwards to the airy roof, hung draperies
of white, studded with golden stars.  At the extremities of the room two
fountains cast up a spray, which, catching the rays of the roseate
light, glittered like countless diamonds. In the centre of the room as
they entered there rose slowly from the floor, to the sound of unseen
minstrelsy, a table spread with all the viands which sense ever devoted
to fancy, and vases of that lost Myrrhine fabric, so glowing in its
colors, so transparent in its material, were crowned with the exotics of
the East.  The couches, to which this table was the centre, were covered
with tapestries of azure and gold; and from invisible tubes the vaulted
roof descended showers of fragrant waters, that cooled the delicious
air, and contended with the lamps, as if the spirits of wave and fire
disputed which element could furnish forth the most delicious odorous.
And now, from behind the snowy draperies, trooped such forms as Adonis
beheld when he lay on the lap of Venus.  They came, some with garlands,
others with lyres; they surrounded the youth, they led his steps to the
banquet.  They flung the chaplets round him in rosy chains.  The
earth--the thought of earth, vanished from his soul.  He imagined
himself in a dream, and suppressed his breath lest he should wake too
soon; the senses, to which he had never yielded as yet, beat in his
burning pulse, and confused his dizzy and reeling sight.  And while thus
amazed and lost, once again, but in brisk and Bacchic measures, rose the
magic strain:


       In the veins of the calix foams and glows
          The blood of the mantling vine,
        But oh! in the bowl of Youth there glows
          A Lesbian, more divine!
              Bright, bright,
             As the liquid light,
         Its waves through thine eyelids shine!

       Fill up, fill up, to the sparkling brim,
          The juice of the young Lyaeus;
        The grape is the key that we owe to him
          From the gaol of the world to free us.
              Drink, drink!
             What need to shrink,
         When the lambs alone can see us?

       Drink, drink, as I quaff from thine eyes
          The wine of a softer tree;
        Give the smiles to the god of the grape--thy sighs,
          Beloved one, give to me.
              Turn, turn,
             My glances burn,
         And thirst for a look from thee!
As the song ended, a group of three maidens, entwined with a chain of
starred flowers, and who, while they imitated, might have shamed the
Graces, advanced towards him in the gliding measures of the Ionian
dance: such as the Nereids wreathed in moonlight on the yellow sands of
the AEgean wave--such as Cytherea taught her handmaids in the
marriage-feast of Psyche and her son.

Now approaching, they wreathed their chaplet round his head; now
kneeling, the youngest of the three proffered him the bowl, from which
the wine of Lesbos foamed and sparkled.  The youth resisted no more, he
grasped the intoxicating cup, the blood mantled fiercely through his
veins.  He sank upon the breast of the nymph who sat beside him, and
turning with swimming eyes to seek for Arbaces, whom he had lost in the
whirl of his emotions, he beheld him seated beneath a canopy at the
upper end of the table, and gazing upon him with a smile that encouraged
him to pleasure.  He beheld him, but not as he had hitherto seen, with
dark and sable garments, with a brooding and solemn brow: a robe that
dazzled the sight, so studded was its whitest surface with gold and
gems, blazed upon his majestic form; white roses, alternated with the
emerald and the ruby, and shaped tiara-like, crowned his raven locks.
He appeared, like Ulysses, to have gained the glory of a second
youth--his features seemed to have exchanged thought for beauty, and he
towered amidst the loveliness that surrounded him, in all the beaming
and relaxing benignity of the Olympian god.

'Drink, feast, love, my pupil!' said he, 'blush not that thou art
passionate and young.  That which thou art, thou feelest in thy veins:
that which thou shalt be, survey!'

With this he pointed to a recess, and the eyes of Apaecides, following
the gesture, beheld on a pedestal, placed between the statues of Bacchus
and Idalia, the form of a skeleton.

'Start not,' resumed the Egyptian; 'that friendly guest admonishes us
but of the shortness of life.  From its jaws I hear a voice that summons
us to ENJOY.'

As he spoke, a group of nymphs surrounded the statue; they laid chaplets
on its pedestal, and, while the cups were emptied and refilled at that
glowing board, they sang the following strain:



        Thou art in the land of the shadowy Host,
           Thou that didst drink and love:
         By the Solemn River, a gliding ghost,
           But thy thought is ours above!
                If memory yet can fly,
                Back to the golden sky,
           And mourn the pleasures lost!
         By the ruin'd hall these flowers we lay,
           Where thy soul once held its palace;
         When the rose to thy scent and sight was gay,
           And the smile was in the chalice,
                And the cithara's voice
                Could bid thy heart rejoice
           When night eclipsed the day.

Here a new group advancing, turned the tide of the music into a quicker
and more joyous strain.


        Death, death is the gloomy shore
           Where we all sail--
        Soft, soft, thou gliding oar;
           Blow soft, sweet gale!
         Chain with bright wreaths the Hours;
           Victims if all
         Ever, 'mid song and flowers,
           Victims should fall!

Pausing for a moment, yet quicker and quicker danced the silver-footed

        Since Life's so short, we'll live to laugh,
           Ah! wherefore waste a minute!
         If youth's the cup we yet can quaff,
           Be love the pearl within it!

A third band now approached with brimming cups, which they poured in
libation upon that strange altar; and once more, slow and solemn, rose
the changeful melody:


        Thou art welcome, Guest of gloom,
           From the far and fearful sea!
         When the last rose sheds its bloom,
           Our board shall be spread with thee!
              All hail, dark Guest!
           Who hath so fair a plea
           Our welcome Guest to be,
           As thou, whose solemn hall
           At last shall feast us all
           In the dim and dismal coast?
           Long yet be we the Host!
           And thou, Dead Shadow, thou,
           All joyless though thy brow,
               Thou--but our passing GUEST!

At this moment, she who sat beside Apaecides suddenly took up the song:


        Happy is yet our doom,
           The earth and the sun are ours!
         And far from the dreary tomb
           Speed the wings of the rosy Hours--
          Sweet is for thee the bowl,
              Sweet are thy looks, my love;
           I fly to thy tender soul,
              As bird to its mated dove!
                Take me, ah, take!
           Clasp'd to thy guardian breast,
           Soft let me sink to rest:
                But wake me--ah, wake!
           And tell me with words and sighs,
           But more with thy melting eyes,
                That my sun is not set--
         That the Torch is not quench'd at the Urn
           That we love, and we breathe, and burn,
                Tell me--thou lov'st me yet!


Chapter I


TO one of those parts of Pompeii, which were tenanted not by the lords
of pleasure, but by its minions and its victims; the haunt of gladiators
and prize-fighters; of the vicious and the penniless; of the savage and
the obscene; the Alsatia of an ancient city--we are now transported.

It was a large room, that opened at once on the confined and crowded
lane. Before the threshold was a group of men, whose iron and
well-strung muscles, whose short and Herculean necks, whose hardy and
reckless countenances, indicated the champions of the arena. On a shelf,
without the shop, were ranged jars of wine and oil; and right over this
was inserted in the wall a coarse painting, which exhibited gladiators
drinking--so ancient and so venerable is the custom of signs!  Within
the room were placed several small tables, arranged somewhat in the
modern fashion of 'boxes', and round these were seated several knots of
men, some drinking, some playing at dice, some at that more skilful game
called 'duodecim scriptae', which certain of the blundering learned have
mistaken for chess, though it rather, perhaps, resembled backgammon of
the two, and was usually, though not always, played by the assistance of
dice.  The hour was in the early forenoon, and nothing better, perhaps,
than that unseasonable time itself denoted the habitual indolence of
these tavern loungers.

Yet, despite the situation of the house and the character of its
inmates, it indicated none of that sordid squalor which would have
characterized a similar haunt in a modern city.  The gay disposition of
all the Pompeians, who sought, at least, to gratify the sense even where
they neglected the mind, was typified by the gaudy colors which
decorated the walls, and the shapes, fantastic but not inelegant, in
which the lamps, the drinking-cups, the commonest household utensils,
were wrought.

'By Pollux!' said one of the gladiators, as he leaned against the wall
of the threshold, 'the wine thou sellest us, old Silenus'--and as he
spoke he slapped a portly personage on the back--'is enough to thin the
best blood in one's veins.'

The man thus caressingly saluted, and whose bared arms, white apron, and
keys and napkin tucked carelessly within his girdle, indicated him to be
the host of the tavern, was already passed into the autumn of his years;
but his form was still so robust and athletic, that he might have shamed
even the sinewy shapes beside him, save that the muscles had seeded, as
it were, into flesh, that the cheeks were swelled and bloated, and the
increasing stomach threw into shade the vast and massive chest which
rose above it.

'None of thy scurrilous blusterings with me,' growled the gigantic
landlord, in the gentle semi-roar of an insulted tiger; 'my wine is good
enough for a carcass which shall so soon soak the dust of the

'Croakest thou thus, old raven!' returned the gladiator, laughing
scornfully; 'thou shalt live to hang thyself with despite when thou
seest me win the palm crown; and when I get the purse at the
amphitheatre, as I certainly shall, my first vow to Hercules shall be to
forswear thee and thy vile potations evermore.'

'Hear to him--hear to this modest Pyrgopolinices!  He has certainly
served under Bombochides Cluninstaridysarchides,' cried the host.
'Sporus, Niger, Tetraides, he declares he shall win the purse from you.
Why, by the gods! each of your muscles is strong enough to stifle all
his body, or I know nothing of the arena!'

'Ha!' said the gladiator, coloring with rising fury, 'our lanista would
tell a different story.'

'What story could he tell against me, vain Lydon?' said Tetraides,

'Or me, who have conquered in fifteen fights?' said the gigantic Niger,
stalking up to the gladiator.

'Or me?' grunted Sporus, with eyes of fire.

'Tush!' said Lydon, folding his arms, and regarding his rivals with a
reckless air of defiance.  'The time of trial will soon come; keep your
valor till then.'

'Ay, do,' said the surly host; 'and if I press down my thumb to save
you, may the Fates cut my thread!'

'Your rope, you mean,' said Lydon, sneeringly: 'here is a sesterce to
buy one.'

The Titan wine-vender seized the hand extended to him, and griped it in
so stern a vice that the blood spirted from the fingers' ends over the
garments of the bystanders.

They set up a savage laugh.

'I will teach thee, young braggart, to play the Macedonian with me!  I
am no puny Persian, I warrant thee!  What, man!  have I not fought
twenty years in the ring, and never lowered my arms once?  And have I
not received the rod from the editor's own hand as a sign of victory,
and as a grace to retirement on my laurels?  And am I now to be lectured
by a boy?' So saying, he flung the hand from him in scorn.

Without changing a muscle, but with the same smiling face with which he
had previously taunted mine host, did the gladiator brave the painful
grasp he had undergone.  But no sooner was his hand released, than,
crouching for one moment as a wild cat crouches, you might see his hair
bristle on his head and beard, and with a fierce and shrill yell he
sprang on the throat of the giant, with an impetus that threw him, vast
and sturdy as he was, from his balance--and down, with the crash of a
falling rock, he fell--while over him fell also his ferocious foe.

Our host, perhaps, had had no need of the rope so kindly recommended to
him by Lydon, had he remained three minutes longer in that position.
But, summoned to his assistance by the noise of his fall, a woman, who
had hitherto kept in an inner apartment, rushed to the scene of battle.
This new ally was in herself a match for the gladiator; she was tall,
lean, and with arms that could give other than soft embraces.  In fact,
the gentle helpmate of Burbo the wine-seller had, like himself, fought
in the lists--nay under the emperor's eye.  And Burbo himself--Burbo,
the unconquered in the field, according to report, now and then yielded
the palm to his soft Stratonice.  This sweet creature no sooner saw the
imminent peril that awaited her worse half, than without other weapons
than those with which Nature had provided her, she darted upon the
incumbent gladiator, and, clasping him round the waist with her long and
snakelike arms, lifted him by a sudden wrench from the body of her
husband, leaving only his hands still clinging to the throat of his foe.
So have we seen a dog snatched by the hind legs from the strife with a
fallen rival in the arms of some envious groom; so have we seen one half
of him high in air--passive and offenceless--while the other half, head,
teeth, eyes, claws, seemed buried and engulfed in the mangled and
prostrate enemy.  Meanwhile, the gladiators, lapped, and pampered, and
glutted upon blood, crowded delightedly round the combatants--their
nostrils distended--their lips grinning--their eyes gloatingly fixed on
the bloody throat of the one and the indented talons of the other.

'Habet! (he has got it!) habet!' cried they, with a sort of yell,
rubbing their nervous hands.

'Non habeo, ye liars; I have not got it!' shouted the host, as with a
mighty effort he wrenched himself from those deadly hands, and rose to
his feet, breathless, panting, lacerated, bloody; and fronting, with
reeling eyes, the glaring look and grinning teeth of his baffled foe,
now struggling (but struggling with disdain) in the gripe of the sturdy

'Fair play!' cried the gladiators: 'one to one'; and, crowding round
Lydon and the woman, they separated our pleasing host from his courteous

But Lydon, feeling ashamed at his present position, and endeavoring in
vain to shake off the grasp of the virago, slipped his hand into his
girdle, and drew forth a short knife.  So menacing was his look, so
brightly gleamed the blade, that Stratonice, who was used only to that
fashion of battle which we moderns call the pugilistic, started back in

'O gods!' cried she, 'the ruffian!--he has concealed weapons!  Is that
fair? Is that like a gentleman and a gladiator?  No, indeed, I scorn
such fellows.' With that she contemptuously turned her back on the
gladiator, and hastened to examine the condition of her husband.

But he, as much inured to the constitutional exercises as an English
bull-dog is to a contest with a more gentle antagonist, had already
recovered himself.  The purple hues receded from the crimson surface of
his cheek, the veins of the forehead retired into their wonted size.  He
shook himself with a complacent grunt, satisfied that he was still
alive, and then looking at his foe from head to foot with an air of more
approbation than he had ever bestowed upon him before:

'By Castor!' said he, 'thou art a stronger fellow than I took thee for!
I see thou art a man of merit and virtue; give me thy hand, my hero!'

'Jolly old Burbo!' cried the gladiators, applauding, 'staunch to the
backbone.  Give him thy hand, Lydon.'

'Oh, to be sure,' said the gladiator: 'but now I have tasted his blood,
I long to lap the whole.'

'By Hercules!' returned the host, quite unmoved, 'that is the true
gladiator feeling.  Pollux! to think what good training may make a man;
why, a beast could not be fiercer!'

'A beast!  O dullard! we beat the beasts hollow!' cried Tetraides.

'Well, well said Stratonice, who was now employed in smoothing her hair
and adjusting her dress, 'if ye are all good friends again, I recommend
you to be quiet and orderly; for some young noblemen, your patrons and
backers, have sent to say they will come here to pay you a visit: they
wish to see you more at their ease than at the schools, before they make
up their bets on the great fight at the amphitheatre. So they always
come to my house for that purpose: they know we only receive the best
gladiators in Pompeii--our society is very select--praised be the gods!'

'Yes,' continued Burbo, drinking off a bowl, or rather a pail of wine,
'a man who has won my laurels can only encourage the brave. Lydon,
drink, my boy; may you have an honorable old age like mine!'

'Come here,' said Stratonice, drawing her husband to her affectionately
by the ears, in that caress which Tibullus has so prettily
described--'Come here!'

'Not so hard, she-wolf! thou art worse than the gladiator,' murmured the
huge jaws of Burbo.

'Hist!' said she, whispering him; 'Calenus has just stole in, disguised,
by the back way.  I hope he has brought the sesterces.'

'Ho! ho! I will join him, said Burbo; 'meanwhile, I say, keep a sharp
eye on the cups--attend to the score.  Let them not cheat thee, wife;
they are heroes, to be sure, but then they are arrant rogues: Cacus was
nothing to them.'

'Never fear me, fool!' was the conjugal reply; and Burbo, satisfied with
the dear assurance, strode through the apartment, and sought the
penetralia of his house.

'So those soft patrons are coming to look at our muscles,' said Niger.
'Who sent to previse thee of it, my mistress?'

'Lepidus.  He brings with him Clodius, the surest better in Pompeii, and
the young Greek, Glaucus.'

'A wager on a wager,' cried Tetraides; 'Clodius bets on me, for twenty
sesterces!  What say you, Lydon?'

'He bets on me!' said Lydon.

'No, on me!' grunted Sporus.

'Dolts! do you think he would prefer any of you to Niger?' said the
athletic, thus modestly naming himself.

'Well, well,' said Stratonice, as she pierced a huge amphora for her
guests, who had now seated themselves before one of the tables, 'great
men and brave, as ye all think yourselves, which of you will fight the
Numidian lion in case no malefactor should be found to deprive you of
the option?'

'I who have escaped your arms, stout Stratonice,' said Lydon, 'might
safely, I think, encounter the lion.'

'But tell me,' said Tetraides, 'where is that pretty young slave of
yours--the blind girl, with bright eyes?  I have not seen her a long

'Oh! she is too delicate for you, my son of Neptune,' said the hostess,
'and too nice even for us, I think.  We send her into the town to sell
flowers and sing to the ladies: she makes us more money so than she
would by waiting on you.  Besides, she has often other employments which
lie under the rose.'

'Other employments!' said Niger; 'why, she is too young for them.'

'Silence, beast!' said Stratonice; 'you think there is no play but the
Corinthian.  If Nydia were twice the age she is at present, she would be
equally fit for Vesta--poor girl!'

'But, hark ye, Stratonice,' said Lydon; 'how didst thou come by so
gentle and delicate a slave?  She were more meet for the handmaid of
some rich matron of Rome than for thee.'

'That is true,' returned Stratonice; 'and some day or other I shall make
my fortune by selling her.  How came I by Nydia, thou askest.'


'Why, thou seest, my slave Staphyla--thou rememberest Staphyla, Niger?'

'Ay, a large-handed wench, with a face like a comic mask.  How should I
forget her, by Pluto, whose handmaid she doubtless is at this moment!'

'Tush, brute!--Well, Staphyla died one day, and a great loss she was to
me, and I went into the market to buy me another slave.  But, by the
gods! they were all grown so dear since I had bought poor Staphyla, and
money was so scarce, that I was about to leave the place in despair,
when a merchant plucked me by the robe.  "Mistress," said he, "dost thou
want a slave cheap I have a child to sell--a bargain. She is but little,
and almost an infant, it is true; but she is quick and quiet, docile and
clever, sings well, and is of good blood, I assure you." "Of what
country?" said I.  "Thessalian." Now I knew the Thessalians were acute
and gentle; so I said I would see the girl.  I found her just as you see
her now, scarcely smaller and scarcely younger in appearance.  She
looked patient and resigned enough, with her hands crossed on her bosom,
and her eyes downcast. I asked the merchant his price: it was moderate,
and I bought her at once.  The merchant brought her to my house, and
disappeared in an instant.  Well, my friends, guess my astonishment when
I found she was blind!  Ha! ha! a clever fellow that merchant!  I ran at
once to the magistrates, but the rogue was already gone from Pompeii. So
I was forced to go home in a very ill humor, I assure you; and the poor
girl felt the effects of it too.  But it was not her fault that she was
blind, for she had been so from her birth.  By degrees, we got
reconciled to our purchase.  True, she had not the strength of Staphyla,
and was of very little use in the house, but she could soon find her way
about the town, as well as if she had the eyes of Argus; and when one
morning she brought us home a handful of sesterces, which she said she
had got from selling some flowers she had gathered in our poor little
garden, we thought the gods had sent her to us.  So from that time we
let her go out as she likes, filling her basket with flowers, which she
wreathes into garlands after the Thessalian fashion, which pleases the
gallants; and the great people seem to take a fancy to her, for they
always pay her more than they do any other flower-girl, and she brings
all of it home to us, which is more than any other slave would do.  So I
work for myself, but I shall soon afford from her earnings to buy me a
second Staphyla; doubtless, the Thessalian kidnapper had stolen the
blind girl from gentle parents.  Besides her skill in the garlands, she
sings and plays on the cithara, which also brings money, and lately--but
that is a secret.'

'That is a secret! What!' cried Lydon, 'art thou turned sphinx?'

'Sphinx, no!--why sphinx?'

'Cease thy gabble, good mistress, and bring us our meat--I am hungry,'
said Sporus, impatiently.

'And I, too,' echoed the grim Niger, whetting his knife on the palm of
his hand.

The amazon stalked away to the kitchen, and soon returned with a tray
laden with large pieces of meat half-raw: for so, as now, did the heroes
of the prize-fight imagine they best sustained their hardihood and
ferocity: they drew round the table with the eyes of famished
wolves--the meat vanished, the wine flowed.  So leave we those important
personages of classic life to follow the steps of Burbo.

Chapter II


IN the earlier times of Rome the priesthood was a profession, not of
lucre but of honour.  It was embraced by the noblest citizens--it was
forbidden to the plebeians.  Afterwards, and long previous to the
present date, it was equally open to all ranks; at least, that part of
the profession which embraced the flamens, or priests--not of religion
generally but of peculiar gods.  Even the priest of Jupiter (the Flamen
Dialis) preceded by a lictor, and entitled by his office to the entrance
of the senate, at first the especial dignitary of the patricians, was
subsequently the choice of the people.  The less national and less
honored deities were usually served by plebeian ministers; and many
embraced the profession, as now the Roman Catholic Christians enter the
monastic fraternity, less from the impulse of devotion than the
suggestions of a calculating poverty.  Thus Calenus, the priest of Isis,
was of the lowest origin.  His relations, though not his parents, were
freedmen.  He had received from them a liberal education, and from his
father a small patrimony, which he had soon exhausted.  He embraced the
priesthood as a last resource from distress.  Whatever the state
emoluments of the sacred profession, which at that time were probably
small, the officers of a popular temple could never complain of the
profits of their calling.  There is no profession so lucrative as that
which practises on the superstition of the multitude.

Calenus had but one surviving relative at Pompeii, and that was Burbo.
Various dark and disreputable ties, stronger than those of blood, united
together their hearts and interests; and often the minister of Isis
stole disguised and furtively from the supposed austerity of his
devotions; and gliding through the back door of the retired gladiator, a
man infamous alike by vices and by profession, rejoiced to throw off the
last rag of an hypocrisy which, but for the dictates of avarice, his
ruling passion, would at all time have sat clumsily upon a nature too
brutal for even the mimicry of virtue.

Wrapped in one of those large mantles which came in use among the Romans
in proportion as they dismissed the toga, whose ample folds well
concealed the form, and in which a sort of hood (attached to it)
afforded no less a security to the features, Calenus now sat in the
small and private chamber of the wine-cellar, whence a small passage ran
at once to that back entrance, with which nearly all the houses of
Pompeii were furnished.

Opposite to him sat the sturdy Burbo, carefully counting on a table
between them a little pile of coins which the priest had just poured
from his purse--for purses were as common then as now, with this
difference--they were usually better furnished!

'You see,' said Calenus, that we pay you handsomely, and you ought to
thank me for recommending you to so advantageous a market.'

'I do, my cousin, I do,' replied Burbo, affectionately, as he swept the
coins into a leathern receptacle, which he then deposited in his girdle,
drawing the buckle round his capacious waist more closely than he was
wont to do in the lax hours of his domestic avocations.  'And by Isis,
Pisis, and Nisis, or whatever other gods there may be in Egypt, my
little Nydia is a very Hesperides--a garden of gold to me.'

'She sings well, and plays like a muse,' returned Calenus; 'those are
virtues that he who employs me always pays liberally.'

'He is a god,' cried Burbo, enthusiastically; 'every rich man who is
generous deserves to be worshipped.  But come, a cup of wine, old
friend: tell me more about it.  What does she do? she is frightened,
talks of her oath, and reveals nothing.'

'Nor will I, by my right hand!  I, too, have taken that terrible oath of

'Oath! what are oaths to men like us?'

'True oaths of a common fashion; but this!'--and the stalwart priest
shuddered as he spoke.  'Yet,' he continued, in emptying a huge cup of
unmixed wine, 'I own to thee, that it is not so much the oath that I
dread as the vengeance of him who proposed it.  By the gods! he is a
mighty sorcerer, and could draw my confession from the moon, did I dare
to make it to her.  Talk no more of this.  By Pollux! wild as those
banquets are which I enjoy with him, I am never quite at my ease there.
I love, my boy, one jolly hour with thee, and one of the plain,
unsophisticated, laughing girls that I meet in this chamber, all
smoke-dried though it be, better than whole nights of those magnificent

'Ho! sayest thou so!  To-morrow night, please the gods, we will have
then a snug carousal.'

'With all my heart,' said the priest, rubbing his hands, and drawing
himself nearer to the table.

At this moment they heard a slight noise at the door, as of one feeling
the handle.  The priest lowered the hood over his head.

'Tush!' whispered the host, 'it is but the blind girl,' as Nydia opened
the door, and entered the apartment.

'Ho! girl, and how durst thou? thou lookest pale--thou hast kept late
revels?  No matter, the young must be always the young,' said Burbo,

The girl made no answer, but she dropped on one of the seats with an air
of lassitude.  Her color went and came rapidly: she beat the floor
impatiently with her small feet, then she suddenly raised her face, and
said with a determined voice:

'Master, you may starve me if you will--you may beat me--you may
threaten me with death--but I will go no more to that unholy place!'

'How, fool!' said Burbo, in a savage voice, and his heavy brows met
darkly over his fierce and bloodshot eyes; 'how, rebellious! Take care.'

'I have said it,' said the poor girl, crossing her hands on her breast.

'What! my modest one, sweet vestal, thou wilt go no more!  Very well,
thou shalt be carried.'

'I will raise the city with my cries,' said she, passionately; and the
color mounted to her brow.

'We will take care of that too; thou shalt go gagged.'

'Then may the gods help me!' said Nydia, rising; 'I will appeal to the

'Thine oath remember!' said a hollow voice, as for the first time
Calenus joined in the dialogue.

At these words a trembling shook the frame of the unfortunate girl; she
clasped her hands imploringly.  'Wretch that I am!' she cried, and burst
violently into sobs.

Whether or not it was the sound of that vehement sorrow which brought
the gentle Stratonice to the spot, her grisly form at this moment
appeared in the chamber.

'How now? what hast thou been doing with my slave, brute?' said she,
angrily, to Burbo.

'Be quiet, wife,' said he, in a tone half-sullen, half-timid; 'you want
new girdles and fine clothes, do you?  Well then, take care of your
slave, or you may want them long.  Voe capiti tuo--vengeance on thy
head, wretched one!'

'What is this?' said the hag, looking from one to the other.

Nydia started as by a sudden impulse from the wall against which she had
leaned: she threw herself at the feet of Stratonice; she embraced her
knees, and looking up at her with those sightless but touching eyes:

'O my mistress!' sobbed she, 'you are a woman--you have had sisters--you
have been young like me, feel for me--save me!  I will go to those
horrible feasts no more!'

'Stuff!' said the hag, dragging her up rudely by one of those delicate
hands, fit for no harsher labor than that of weaving the flowers which
made her pleasure or her trade; 'stuff! these fine scruples are not for

'Hark ye,' said Burbo, drawing forth his purse, and chinking its
contents: 'you hear this music, wife; by Pollux! if you do not break in
yon colt with a tight rein, you will hear it no more.'

'The girl is tired,' said Stratonice, nodding to Calenus; 'she will be
more docile when you next want her.'

'You! you! who is here?' cried Nydia, casting her eyes round the
apartment with so fearful and straining a survey, that Calenus rose in
alarm from his seat.

'She must see with those eyes!' muttered he.

'Who is here!  Speak, in heaven's name!  Ah, if you were blind like me,
you would be less cruel,' said she; and she again burst into tears.

'Take her away,' said Burbo, impatiently; 'I hate these whimperings.'

'Come!' said Stratonice, pushing the poor child by the shoulders.  Nydia
drew herself aside, with an air to which resolution gave dignity.

'Hear me,' she said; 'I have served you faithfully--I who was brought
up--Ah! my mother, my poor mother! didst thou dream I should come to
this?' She dashed the tear from her eyes, and proceeded: 'Command me in
aught else, and I will obey; but I tell you now, hard, stern, inexorable
as you are--I tell you that I will go there no more; or, if I am forced
there, that I will implore the mercy of the praetor himself--I have said
it.  Hear me, ye gods, I swear!'

The hag's eyes glowed with fire; she seized the child by the hair with
one hand, and raised on high the other--that formidable right hand, the
least blow of which seemed capable to crush the frail and delicate form
that trembled in her grasp.  That thought itself appeared to strike her,
for she suspended the blow, changed her purpose, and dragging Nydia to
the wall, seized from a hook a rope, often, alas! applied to a similar
purpose, and the next moment the shrill, the agonized shrieks of the
blind girl, rang piercingly through the house.

Chapter III


'HOLLA, my brave fellows!' said Lepidus, stooping his head as he entered
the low doorway of the house of Burbo.  'We have come to see which of
you most honors your lanista.' The gladiators rose from the table in
respect to three gallants known to be among the gayest and richest
youths of Pompeii, and whose voices were therefore the dispensers of
amphitheatrical reputation.

'What fine animals!' said Clodius to Glaucus: 'worthy to be gladiators!'

'It is a pity they are not warriors,' returned Glaucus.

A singular thing it was to see the dainty and fastidious Lepidus, whom
in a banquet a ray of daylight seemed to blind--whom in the bath a
breeze of air seemed to blast--in whom Nature seemed twisted and
perverted from every natural impulse, and curdled into one dubious thing
of effeminacy and art--a singular thing was it to see this Lepidus, now
all eagerness, and energy, and life, patting the vast shoulders of the
gladiators with a blanched and girlish hand, feeling with a mincing
gripe their great brawn and iron muscles, all lost in calculating
admiration at that manhood which he had spent his life in carefully
banishing from himself.

So have we seen at this day the beardless flutterers of the saloons of
London thronging round the heroes of the Fives-court--so have we seen
them admire, and gaze, and calculate a bet--so have we seen them meet
together, in ludicrous yet in melancholy assemblage, the two extremes of
civilized society--the patrons of pleasure and its slaves--vilest of all
slaves--at once ferocious and mercenary; male prostitutes, who sell
their strength as women their beauty; beasts in act, but baser than
beasts in motive, for the last, at least, do not mangle themselves for

'Ha! Niger, how will you fight?' said Lepidus: 'and with whom?'

'Sporus challenges me,' said the grim giant; 'we shall fight to the
death, I hope.'

'Ah! to be sure,' grunted Sporus, with a twinkle of his small eye.

'He takes the sword, I the net and the trident: it will be rare sport. I
hope the survivor will have enough to keep up the dignity of the crown.'

'Never fear, we'll fill the purse, my Hector,' said Clodius:

'let me see--you fight against Niger?  Glaucus, a bet--I back Niger.'

'I told you so,' cried Niger exultingly.  'The noble Clodius knows me;
count yourself dead already, my Sporus.'

Clodius took out his tablet.  'A bet--ten sestertia.  What say you?'

'So be it,' said Glaucus.  'But whom have we here?  I never saw this
hero before'; and he glanced at Lydon, whose limbs were slighter than
those of his companions, and who had something of grace, and something
even of nobleness, in his face, which his profession had not yet wholly

'It is Lydon, a youngster, practised only with the wooden sword as yet,'
answered Niger, condescendingly.  'But he has the true blood in him, and
has challenged Tetraides.'

'He challenged me,' said Lydon: 'I accept the offer.'

'And how do you fight?' asked Lepidus.  'Chut, my boy, wait a while
before you contend with Tetraides.' Lydon smiled disdainfully.

'Is he a citizen or a slave?' said Clodius.

'A citizen--we are all citizens here,' quoth Niger.

'Stretch out your arm, my Lydon,' said Lepidus, with the air of a

The gladiator, with a significant glance at his companions, extended an
arm which, if not so huge in its girth as those of his comrades, was so
firm in its muscles, so beautifully symmetrical in its proportions, that
the three visitors uttered simultaneously an admiring exclamation.

'Well, man, what is your weapon?' said Clodius, tablet in hand.

'We are to fight first with the cestus; afterwards, if both survive,
with swords,' returned Tetraides, sharply, and with an envious scowl.

'With the cestus!' cried Glaucus; 'there you are wrong, Lydon; the
cestus is the Greek fashion: I know it well.  You should have encouraged
flesh for that contest: you are far too thin for it--avoid the cestus.'

'I cannot,' said Lydon.

'And why?'

'I have said--because he has challenged me.'

'But he will not hold you to the precise weapon.'

'My honour holds me!' returned Lydon, proudly.

'I bet on Tetraides, two to one, at the cestus,' said Clodius; shall it
be, Lepidus?--even betting, with swords.'

'If you give me three to one, I will not take the odds, said Lepidus:
'Lydon will never come to the swords.  You are mighty courteous.'

'What say you, Glaucus?' said Clodius.

'I will take the odds three to one.'

'Ten sestertia to thirty.'


Clodius wrote the bet in his book.

'Pardon me, noble sponsor mine,' said Lydon, in a low voice to Glaucus:
'but how much think you the victor will gain?'

'How much? why, perhaps seven sestertia.'

'You are sure it will be as much?'

'At least.  But out on you!--a Greek would have thought of the honour,
and not the money.  O Italians! everywhere ye are Italians!'

A blush mantled over the bronzed cheek of the gladiator.

'Do not wrong me, noble Glaucus; I think of both, but I should never
have been a gladiator but for the money.'

'Base! mayest thou fall!  A miser never was a hero.'

'I am not a miser,' said Lydon, haughtily, and he withdrew to the other
end of the room.

'But I don't see Burbo; where is Burbo?  I must talk with Burbo,' cried

'He is within,' said Niger, pointing to the door at the extremity of the

'And Stratonice, the brave old lass, where is she?' quoth Lepidus.

'Why, she was here just before you entered; but she heard something that
displeased her yonder, and vanished.  Pollux! old Burbo had perhaps
caught hold of some girl in the back room.  I heard a female's voice
crying out; the old dame is as jealous as Juno.'

'Ho! excellent!' cried Lepidus, laughing.  'Come, Clodius, let us go
shares with Jupiter; perhaps he has caught a Leda.'

At this moment a loud cry of pain and terror startled the group.

'Oh, spare me! spare me!  I am but a child, I am blind--is not that
punishment enough?'

'O Pallas!  I know that voice, it is my poor flower-girl!' exclaimed
Glaucus, and he darted at once into the quarter whence the cry rose.

He burst the door; he beheld Nydia writhing in the grasp of the
infuriate hag; the cord, already dabbled with blood, was raised in the
air--it was suddenly arrested.

'Fury!' said Glaucus, and with his left hand he caught Nydia from her
grasp; 'how dare you use thus a girl--one of your own sex, a child!  My
Nydia, my poor infant!'

'Oh? is that you--is that Glaucus?' exclaimed the flower-girl, in a tone
almost of transport; the tears stood arrested on her cheek; she smiled,
she clung to his breast, she kissed his robe as she clung.

'And how dare you, pert stranger! interfere between a free woman and her
slave.  By the gods! despite your fine tunic and your filthy perfumes, I
doubt whether you are even a Roman citizen, my mannikin.'

'Fair words, mistress--fair words!' said Clodius, now entering with
Lepidus. 'This is my friend and sworn brother; he must be put under
shelter of your tongue, sweet one; it rains stones!'

'Give me my slave!' shrieked the virago, placing her mighty grasp on the
breast of the Greek.

'Not if all your sister Furies could help you,' answered Glaucus.  'Fear
not, sweet Nydia; an Athenian never forsook distress!'

'Holla!' said Burbo, rising reluctantly, 'What turmoil is all this about
a slave?  Let go the young gentleman, wife--let him go: for his sake the
pert thing shall be spared this once.' So saying, he drew, or rather
dragged off, his ferocious help-mate.

'Methought when we entered,' said Clodius, 'there was another man

'He is gone.'

For the priest of Isis had indeed thought it high time to vanish.

'Oh, a friend of mine! a brother cupman, a quiet dog, who does not love
these snarlings,' said Burbo, carelessly.  'But go, child, you will tear
the gentleman's tunic if you cling to him so tight; go, you are

'Oh, do not--do not forsake me!' cried Nydia, clinging yet closer to the

Moved by her forlorn situation, her appeal to him, her own innumerable
and touching graces, the Greek seated himself on one of the rude chairs.
He held her on his knees--he wiped the blood from her shoulders with his
long hair--he kissed the tears from her cheeks--he whispered to her a
thousand of those soothing words with which we calm the grief of a
child--and so beautiful did he seem in his gentle and consoling task,
that even the fierce heart of Stratonice was touched.  His presence
seemed to shed light over that base and obscene haunt--young, beautiful,
glorious, he was the emblem of all that earth made most happy,
comforting one that earth had abandoned!

'Well, who could have thought our blind Nydia had been so honored!' said
the virago, wiping her heated brow.

Glaucus looked up at Burbo.

'My good man,' said he, 'this is your slave; she sings well, she is
accustomed to the care of flowers--I wish to make a present of such a
slave to a lady.  Will you sell her to me?' As he spoke he felt the
whole frame of the poor girl tremble with delight; she started up, she
put her disheveled hair from her eyes, she looked around, as if, alas,
she had the power to see!

'Sell our Nydia! no, indeed,' said Stratonice, gruffly.

Nydia sank back with a long sigh, and again clasped the robe of her

'Nonsense!' said Clodius, imperiously: 'you must oblige me. What, man!
what, old dame! offend me, and your trade is ruined.  Is not Burbo my
kinsman Pansa's client?  Am I not the oracle of the amphitheatre and its
heroes?  If I say the word, break up your wine-jars--you sell no more.
Glaucus, the slave is yours.'

Burbo scratched his huge head, in evident embarrassment.

'The girl is worth her weight in gold to me.'

'Name your price, I am rich,' said Glaucus.

The ancient Italians were like the modern, there was nothing they would
not sell, much less a poor blind girl.

'I paid six sestertia for her, she is worth twelve now,' muttered

'You shall have twenty; come to the magistrates at once, and then to my
house for your money.'

'I would not have sold the dear girl for a hundred but to oblige noble
Clodius,' said Burbo, whiningly.  'And you will speak to Pansa about the
place of designator at the amphitheatre, noble Clodius? it would just
suit me.'

'Thou shalt have it,' said Clodius; adding in a whisper to Burbo, 'Yon
Greek can make your fortune; money runs through him like a sieve: mark
to-day with white chalk, my Priam.'

'An dabis?' said Glaucus, in the formal question of sale and barter.

'Dabitur,' answered Burbo.

'Then, then, I am to go with you--with you?  O happiness!' murmured

'Pretty one, yes; and thy hardest task henceforth shall be to sing thy
Grecian hymns to the loveliest lady in Pompeii.'

The girl sprang from his clasp; a change came over her whole face,
bright the instant before; she sighed heavily, and then once more taking
his hand, she said:

'I thought I was to go to your house?'

'And so thou shalt for the present; come, we lose time.'

Chapter IV


IONE was one of those brilliant characters which, but once or twice,
flash across our career.  She united in the highest perfection the
rarest of earthly gifts--Genius and Beauty.  No one ever possessed
superior intellectual qualities without knowing them--the alliteration
of modesty and merit is pretty enough, but where merit is great, the
veil of that modesty you admire never disguises its extent from its
possessor.  It is the proud consciousness of certain qualities that it
cannot reveal to the everyday world, that gives to genius that shy, and
reserved, and troubled air, which puzzles and flatters you when you
encounter it.

Ione, then, knew her genius; but, with that charming versatility that
belongs of right to women, she had the faculty so few of a kindred
genius in the less malleable sex can claim--the faculty to bend and
model her graceful intellect to all whom it encountered. The sparkling
fountain threw its waters alike upon the strand, the cavern, and the
flowers; it refreshed, it smiled, it dazzled everywhere.  That pride,
which is the necessary result of superiority, she wore easily--in her
breast it concentred itself in independence.  She pursued thus her own
bright and solitary path.  She asked no aged matron to direct and guide
her--she walked alone by the torch of her own unflickering purity.  She
obeyed no tyrannical and absolute custom.  She moulded custom to her own
will, but this so delicately and with so feminine a grace, so perfect an
exemption from error, that you could not say she outraged custom but
commanded it.  The wealth of her graces was inexhaustible--she
beautified the commonest action; a word, a look from her, seemed magic.
Love her, and you entered into a new world, you passed from this trite
and commonplace earth.  You were in a land in which your eyes saw
everything through an enchanted medium.  In her presence you felt as if
listening to exquisite music; you were steeped in that sentiment which
has so little of earth in it, and which music so well inspires--that
intoxication which refines and exalts, which seizes, it is true, the
senses, but gives them the character of the soul.

She was peculiarly formed, then, to command and fascinate the less
ordinary and the bolder natures of men; to love her was to unite two
passions, that of love and of ambition--you aspired when you adored her.
It was no wonder that she had completely chained and subdued the
mysterious but burning soul of the Egyptian, a man in whom dwelt the
fiercest passions.  Her beauty and her soul alike enthralled him.

Set apart himself from the common world, he loved that daringness of
character which also made itself, among common things, aloof and alone.
He did not, or he would not see, that that very isolation put her yet
more from him than from the vulgar.  Far as the poles--far as the night
from day, his solitude was divided from hers.  He was solitary from his
dark and solemn vices--she from her beautiful fancies and her purity of

If it was not strange that Ione thus enthralled the Egyptian, far less
strange was it that she had captured, as suddenly as irrevocably,  the
bright and sunny heart of the Athenian.  The gladness of a temperament
which seemed woven from the beams of light had led Glaucus into
pleasure.  He obeyed no more vicious dictates when he wandered into the
dissipations of his time, than the exhilarating voices of youth and
health.  He threw the brightness of his nature over every abyss and
cavern through which he strayed.  His imagination dazzled him, but his
heart never was corrupted. Of far more penetration than his companions
deemed, he saw that they sought to prey upon his riches and his youth:
but he despised wealth save as the means of enjoyment, and youth was the
great sympathy that united him to them.  He felt, it is true, the
impulse of nobler thoughts and higher aims than in pleasure could be
indulged: but the world was one vast prison, to which the Sovereign of
Rome was the Imperial gaoler; and the very virtues, which in the free
days of Athens would have made him ambitious, in the slavery of earth
made him inactive and supine.  For in that unnatural and bloated
civilization, all that was noble in emulation was forbidden. Ambition in
the regions of a despotic and luxurious court was but the contest of
flattery and craft.  Avarice had become the sole ambition--men desired
praetorships and provinces only as the license to pillage, and
government was but the excuse of rapine.  It is in small states that
glory is most active and pure--the more confined the limits of the
circle, the more ardent the patriotism.  In small states, opinion is
concentrated and strong--every eye reads your actions--your public
motives are blended with your private ties--every spot in your narrow
sphere is crowded with forms familiar since your childhood--the applause
of your citizens is like the caresses of your friends.  But in large
states, the city is but the court: the provinces--unknown to you,
unfamiliar in customs, perhaps in language--have no claim on your
patriotism, the ancestry of their inhabitants is not yours.  In the
court you desire favor instead of glory; at a distance from the court,
public opinion has vanished from you, and self-interest has no

Italy, Italy, while I write, your skies are over me--your seas flow
beneath my feet, listen not to the blind policy which would unite all
your crested cities, mourning for their republics, into one empire;
false, pernicious delusion! your only hope of regeneration is in
division.  Florence, Milan, Venice, Genoa, may be free once more, if
each is free.  But dream not of freedom for the whole while you enslave
the parts; the heart must be the centre of the system, the blood must
circulate freely everywhere; and in vast communities you behold but a
bloated and feeble giant, whose brain is imbecile, whose limbs are dead,
and who pays in disease and weakness the penalty of transcending the
natural proportions of health and vigour.

Thus thrown back upon themselves, the more ardent qualities of Glaucus
found no vent, save in that overflowing imagination which gave grace to
pleasure, and poetry to thought.  Ease was less despicable than
contention with parasites and slaves, and luxury could yet be refined
though ambition could not be ennobled.  But all that was best and
brightest in his soul woke at once when he knew Ione.  Here was an
empire, worthy of demigods to attain; here was a glory, which the
reeking smoke of a foul society could not soil or dim.  Love, in every
time, in every state, can thus find space for its golden altars. And
tell me if there ever, even in the ages most favorable to glory, could
be a triumph more exalted and elating than the conquest of one noble

And whether it was that this sentiment inspired him, his ideas glowed
more brightly, his soul seemed more awake and more visible, in Ione's
presence. If natural to love her, it was natural that she should return
the passion. Young, brilliant, eloquent, enamoured, and Athenian, he was
to her as the incarnation of the poetry of her father's land.  They were
not like creatures of a world in which strife and sorrow are the
elements; they were like things to be seen only in the holiday of
nature, so glorious and so fresh were their youth, their beauty, and
their love.  They seemed out of place in the harsh and every-day earth;
they belonged of right to the Saturnian age, and the dreams of demigod
and nymph.  It was as if the poetry of life gathered and fed itself in
them, and in their hearts were concentrated the last rays of the sun of
Delos and of Greece.

But if Ione was independent in her choice of life, so was her modest
pride proportionably vigilant and easily alarmed.  The falsehood of the
Egyptian was invented by a deep knowledge of her nature.  The story of
coarseness, of indelicacy, in Glaucus, stung her to the quick.  She felt
it a reproach upon her character and her career, a punishment above all
to her love; she felt, for the first time, how suddenly she had yielded
to that love; she blushed with shame at a weakness, the extent of which
she was startled to perceive: she imagined it was that weakness which
had incurred the contempt of Glaucus; she endured the bitterest curse of
noble natures--humiliation!  Yet her love, perhaps, was no less alarmed
than her pride.  If one moment she murmured reproaches upon Glaucus--if
one moment she renounced, she almost hated him--at the next she burst
into passionate tears, her heart yielded to its softness, and she said
in the bitterness of anguish, 'He despises me--he does not love me.'

From the hour the Egyptian had left her she had retired to her most
secluded chamber, she had shut out her handmaids, she had denied herself
to the crowds that besieged her door.  Glaucus was excluded with the
rest; he wondered, but he guessed not why!  He never attributed to his
Ione--his queen--his goddess--that woman--like caprice of which the
love-poets of Italy so unceasingly complain.  He imagined her, in the
majesty of her candour, above all the arts that torture.  He was
troubled, but his hopes were not dimmed, for he knew already that he
loved and was beloved; what more could he desire as an amulet against

At deepest night, then, when the streets were hushed, and the high moon
only beheld his devotions, he stole to that temple of his heart--her
home; and wooed her after the beautiful fashion of his country.  He
covered her threshold with the richest garlands, in which every flower
was a volume of sweet passion; and he charmed the long summer night with
the sound of the Lydian lute: and verses, which the inspiration of the
moment sufficed to weave.

But the window above opened not; no smile made yet more holy the shining
air of night.  All was still and dark.  He knew not if his verse was
welcome and his suit was heard.

Yet Ione slept not, nor disdained to hear.  Those soft strains ascended
to her chamber; they soothed, they subdued her.  While she listened, she
believed nothing against her lover; but when they were stilled at last,
and his step departed, the spell ceased; and, in the bitterness of her
soul, she almost conceived in that delicate flattery a new affront.

I said she was denied to all; but there was one exception, there was one
person who would not be denied, assuming over her actions and her house
something like the authority of a parent; Arbaces, for himself, claimed
an exemption from all the ceremonies observed by others.  He entered the
threshold with the license of one who feels that he is privileged and at
home.  He made his way to her solitude and with that sort of quiet and
unapologetic air which seemed to consider the right as a thing of
course. With all the independence of Ione's character, his heart had
enabled him to obtain a secret and powerful control over her mind.  She
could not shake it off; sometimes she desired to do so; but she never
actively struggled against it.  She was fascinated by his serpent eye.
He arrested, he commanded her, by the magic of a mind long accustomed to
awe and to subdue. Utterly unaware of his real character or his hidden
love, she felt for him the reverence which genius feels for wisdom, and
virtue for sanctity.  She regarded him as one of those mighty sages of
old, who attained to the mysteries of knowledge by an exemption from the
passions of their kind.  She scarcely considered him as a being, like
herself, of the earth, but as an oracle at once dark and sacred.  She
did not love him, but she feared.  His presence was unwelcome to her; it
dimmed her spirit even in its brightest mood; he seemed, with his
chilling and lofty aspect, like some eminence which casts a shadow over
the sun.  But she never thought of forbidding his visits.  She was
passive under the influence which created in her breast, not the
repugnance, but something of the stillness of terror.

Arbaces himself now resolved to exert all his arts to possess himself of
that treasure he so burningly coveted.  He was cheered and elated by his
conquests over her brother.  From the hour in which Apaecides fell
beneath the voluptuous sorcery of that fete which we have described, he
felt his empire over the young priest triumphant and insured.  He knew
that there is no victim so thoroughly subdued as a young and fervent man
for the first time delivered to the thraldom of the senses.

When Apaecides recovered, with the morning light, from the profound
sleep which succeeded to the delirium of wonder and of pleasure, he was,
it is true, ashamed--terrified--appalled.  His vows of austerity and
celibacy echoed in his ear; his thirst after holiness--had it been
quenched at so unhallowed a stream?  But Arbaces knew well the means by
which to confirm his conquest.  From the arts of pleasure he led the
young priest at once to those of his mysterious wisdom.  He bared to his
amazed eyes the initiatory secrets of the sombre philosophy of the
Nile--those secrets plucked from the stars, and the wild chemistry,
which, in those days, when Reason herself was but the creature of
Imagination, might well pass for the lore of a diviner magic.  He seemed
to the young eyes of the priest as a being above mortality, and endowed
with supernatural gifts.  That yearning and intense desire for the
knowledge which is not of earth--which had burned from his boyhood in
the heart of the priest--was dazzled, until it confused and mastered his
clearer sense. He gave himself to the art which thus addressed at once
the two strongest of human passions, that of pleasure and that of
knowledge. He was loth to believe that one so wise could err, that one
so lofty could stoop to deceive.  Entangled in the dark web of
metaphysical moralities, he caught at the excuse by which the Egyptian
converted vice into a virtue.  His pride was insensibly flattered that
Arbaces had deigned to rank him with himself, to set him apart from the
laws which bound the vulgar, to make him an august participator, both in
the mystic studies and the magic fascinations of the Egyptian's
solitude.  The pure and stern lessons of that creed to which Olinthus
had sought to make him convert, were swept away from his memory by the
deluge of new passions. And the Egyptian, who was versed in the articles
of that true faith, and who soon learned from his pupil the effect which
had been produced upon him by its believers, sought, not unskilfully, to
undo that effect, by a tone of reasoning, half-sarcastic and

'This faith,' said he, 'is but a borrowed plagiarism from one of the
many allegories invented by our priests of old.  Observe,' he added,
pointing to a hieroglyphical scroll--'observe in these ancient figures
the origin of the Christian's Trinity.  Here are also three gods--the
Deity, the Spirit, and the Son.  Observe, that the epithet of the Son is
"Saviour"--observe, that the sign by which his human qualities are
denoted is the cross.' Note here, too, the mystic history of Osiris, how
he put on death; how he lay in the grave; and how, thus fulfilling a
solemn atonement, he rose again from the dead!  In these stories we but
design to paint an allegory from the operations of nature and the
evolutions of the eternal heavens.  But the allegory unknown, the types
themselves have furnished to credulous nations the materials of many
creeds.  They have travelled to the vast plains of India; they have
mixed themselves up in the visionary speculations of the Greek; becoming
more and more gross and embodied, as they emerge farther from the
shadows of their antique origin, they have assumed a human and palpable
form in this novel faith; and the believers of Galilee are but the
unconscious repeaters of one of the superstitions of the Nile!'

This was the last argument which completely subdued the priest.  It was
necessary to him, as to all, to believe in something; and undivided and,
at last, unreluctant, he surrendered himself to that belief which
Arbaces inculcated, and which all that was human in passion--all that
was flattering in vanity--all that was alluring in pleasure, served to
invite to, and contributed to confirm.

This conquest, thus easily made, the Egyptian could now give himself
wholly up to the pursuit of a far dearer and mightier object; and he
hailed, in his success with the brother, an omen of his triumph over the

He had seen Ione on the day following the revel we have witnessed; and
which was also the day after he had poisoned her mind against his rival.
The next day, and the next, he saw her also: and each time he laid
himself out with consummate art, partly to confirm her impression
against Glaucus, and principally to prepare her for the impressions he
desired her to receive. The proud Ione took care to conceal the anguish
she endured; and the pride of woman has an hypocrisy which can deceive
the most penetrating, and shame the most astute.  But Arbaces was no
less cautious not to recur to a subject which he felt it was most
politic to treat as of the lightest importance. He knew that by dwelling
much upon the fault of a rival, you only give him dignity in the eyes of
your mistress: the wisest plan is, neither loudly to hate, nor bitterly
to contemn; the wisest plan is to lower him by an indifference of tone,
as if you could not dream that he could be loved. Your safety is in
concealing the wound to your own pride, and imperceptibly alarming that
of the umpire, whose voice is fate!  Such, in all times, will be the
policy of one who knows the science of the sex--it was now the

He recurred no more, then, to the presumption of Glaucus; he mentioned
his name, but not more often than that of Clodius or of Lepidus.  He
affected to class them together as things of a low and ephemeral
species; as things wanting nothing of the butterfly, save its innocence
and its grace. Sometimes he slightly alluded to some invented debauch,
in which he declared them companions; sometimes he adverted to them as
the antipodes of those lofty and spiritual natures, to whose order that
of Ione belonged.  Blinded alike by the pride of Ione, and, perhaps, by
his own, he dreamed not that she already loved; but he dreaded lest she
might have formed for Glaucus the first fluttering prepossessions that
lead to love.  And, secretly, he ground his teeth in rage and jealousy,
when he reflected on the youth, the fascinations, and the brilliancy of
that formidable rival whom he pretended to undervalue.

It was on the fourth day from the date of the close of the previous
book, that Arbaces and Ione sat together.

'You wear your veil at home,' said the Egyptian; 'that is not fair to
those whom you honour with your friendship.'

'But to Arbaces,' answered Ione, who, indeed, had cast the veil over her
features to conceal eyes red with weeping--'to Arbaces, who looks only
to the mind, what matters it that the face is concealed?'

'I do look only to the mind,' replied the Egyptian: 'show me then your
face--for there I shall see it.'

'You grow gallant in the air of Pompeii,' said Ione, with a forced tone
of gaiety.

'Do you think, fair Ione, that it is only at Pompeii that I have learned
to value you?' The Egyptian's voice trembled--he paused for a moment,
and then resumed.

'There is a love, beautiful Greek, which is not the love only of the
thoughtless and the young--there is a love which sees not with the eyes,
which hears not with the ears; but in which soul is enamoured of soul.
The countryman of thy ancestors, the cave-nursed Plato, dreamed of such
a love--his followers have sought to imitate it; but it is a love that
is not for the herd to echo--it is a love that only high and noble
natures can conceive--it hath nothing in common with the sympathies and
ties of coarse affection--wrinkles do not revolt it--homeliness of
feature does not deter; it asks youth, it is true, but it asks it only
in the freshness of the emotions; it asks beauty, it is true, but it is
the beauty of the thought and of the spirit.  Such is the love, O Ione,
which is a worthy offering to thee from the cold and the austere.
Austere and cold thou deemest me--such is the love that I venture to lay
upon thy shrine--thou canst receive it without a blush.'

'And its name is friendship!' replied Ione: her answer was innocent, yet
it sounded like the reproof of one conscious of the design of the

'Friendship!' said Arbaces, vehemently.  'No; that is a word too often
profaned to apply to a sentiment so sacred.  Friendship! it is a tie
that binds fools and profligates! Friendship! it is the bond that unites
the frivolous hearts of a Glaucus and a Clodius! Friendship! no, that is
an affection of earth, of vulgar habits and sordid sympathies; the
feeling of which I speak is borrowed from the stars'--it partakes of
that mystic and ineffable yearning, which we feel when we gaze on
them--it burns, yet it purifies--it is the lamp of naphtha in the
alabaster vase, glowing with fragrant odorous, but shining only through
the purest vessels.  No; it is not love, and it is not friendship, that
Arbaces feels for Ione.  Give it no name--earth has no name for it--it
is not of earth--why debase it with earthly epithets and earthly

Never before had Arbaces ventured so far, yet he felt his ground step by
step: he knew that he uttered a language which, if at this day of
affected platonisms it would speak unequivocally to the ears of beauty,
was at that time strange and unfamiliar, to which no precise idea could
be attached, from which he could imperceptibly advance or recede, as
occasion suited, as hope encouraged or fear deterred. Ione trembled,
though she knew not why; her veil hid her features, and masked an
expression, which, if seen by the Egyptian, would have at once damped
and enraged him; in fact, he never was more displeasing to her--the
harmonious modulation of the most suasive voice that ever disguised
unhallowed thought fell discordantly on her ear.  Her whole soul was
still filled with the image of Glaucus; and the accent of tenderness
from another only revolted and dismayed; yet she did not conceive that
any passion more ardent than that platonism which Arbaces expressed
lurked beneath his words.  She thought that he, in truth, spoke only of
the affection and sympathy of the soul; but was it not precisely that
affection and that sympathy which had made a part of those emotions she
felt for Glaucus; and could any other footstep than his approach the
haunted adytum of her heart?

Anxious at once to change the conversation, she replied, therefore, with
a cold and indifferent voice, 'Whomsoever Arbaces honors with the
sentiment of esteem, it is natural that his elevated wisdom should color
that sentiment with its own hues; it is natural that his friendship
should be purer than that of others, whose pursuits and errors he does
not deign to share.  But tell me, Arbaces, hast thou seen my brother of
late?  He has not visited me for several days; and when I last saw him
his manner disturbed and alarmed me much.  I fear lest he was too
precipitate in the severe choice that he has adopted, and that he
repents an irrevocable step.'

'Be cheered, Ione,' replied the Egyptian.  'It is true that, some little
time since he was troubled and sad of spirit; those doubts beset him
which were likely to haunt one of that fervent temperament, which ever
ebbs and flows, and vibrates between excitement and exhaustion.  But he,
Ione, he came to me his anxieties and his distress; he sought one who
pitied me and loved him; I have calmed his mind--I have removed his
doubts--I have taken him from the threshold of Wisdom into its temple;
and before the majesty of the goddess his soul is hushed and soothed.
Fear not, he will repent no more; they who trust themselves to Arbaces
never repent but for a moment.'

'You rejoice me,' answered Ione.  'My dear brother! in his contentment I
am happy.'

The conversation then turned upon lighter subjects; the Egyptian exerted
himself to please, he condescended even to entertain; the vast variety
of his knowledge enabled him to adorn and light up every subject on
which he touched; and Ione, forgetting the displeasing effect of his
former words, was carried away, despite her sadness, by the magic of his
intellect.  Her manner became unrestrained and her language fluent; and
Arbaces, who had waited his opportunity, now hastened to seize it.

'You have never seen,' said he, 'the interior of my home; it may amuse
you to do so: it contains some rooms that may explain to you what you
have often asked me to describe--the fashion of an Egyptian house; not
indeed, that you will perceive in the poor and minute proportions of
Roman architecture the massive strength, the vast space, the gigantic
magnificence, or even the domestic construction of the palaces of Thebes
and Memphis; but something there is, here and there, that may serve to
express to you some notion of that antique civilization which has
humanized the world.  Devote, then, to the austere friend of your youth,
one of these bright summer evenings, and let me boast that my gloomy
mansion has been honored with the presence of the admired Ione.'

Unconscious of the pollutions of the mansion, of the danger that awaited
her, Ione readily assented to the proposal.  The next evening was fixed
for the visit; and the Egyptian, with a serene countenance, and a heart
beating with fierce and unholy joy, departed. Scarce had he gone, when
another visitor claimed admission....  But now we return to Glaucus.

Chapter V


THE morning sun shone over the small and odorous garden enclosed within
the peristyle of the house of the Athenian.  He lay reclined, sad and
listlessly, on the smooth grass which intersected the viridarium; and a
slight canopy stretched above, broke the fierce rays of the summer sun.

When that fairy mansion was first disinterred from the earth they found
in the garden the shell of a tortoise that had been its inmate.  That
animal, so strange a link in the creation, to which Nature seems to have
denied all the pleasure of life, save life's passive and dream-like
perception, had been the guest of the place for years before Glaucus
purchased it; for years, indeed which went beyond the memory of man, and
to which tradition assigned an almost incredible date.  The house
had been built and rebuilt--its possessors had changed and
fluctuated--generations had flourished and decayed--and still the
tortoise dragged on its slow and unsympathizing existence.  In the
earthquake, which sixteen years before had overthrown many of the public
buildings of the city, and scared away the amazed inhabitants, the house
now inhabited by Glaucus had been terribly shattered.  The possessors
deserted it for many days; on their return they cleared away the ruins
which encumbered the viridarium, and found still the tortoise, unharmed
and unconscious of the surrounding destruction.  It seemed to bear a
charmed life in its languid blood and imperceptible motions; yet it was
not so inactive as it seemed: it held a regular and monotonous course;
inch by inch it traversed the little orbit of its domain, taking months
to accomplish the whole gyration.  It was a restless voyager, that
tortoise!--patiently, and with pain, did it perform its self-appointed
journeys, evincing no interest in the things around it--a philosopher
concentrated in itself.  There was something grand in its solitary
selfishness!--the sun in which it basked--the waters poured daily over
it--the air, which it insensibly inhaled, were its sole and unfailing
luxuries.  The mild changes of the season, in that lovely clime,
affected it not.  It covered itself with its shell--as the saint in his
piety--as the sage in his wisdom--as the lover in his hope.

It was impervious to the shocks and mutations of time--it was an emblem
of time itself: slow, regular, perpetual; unwitting of the passions that
fret themselves around--of the wear and tear of mortality.  The poor
tortoise! nothing less than the bursting of volcanoes, the convulsions
of the riven world, could have quenched its sluggish spark!  The
inexorable Death, that spared not pomp or beauty, passed unheedingly by
a thing to which death could bring so insignificant a change.

For this animal the mercurial and vivid Greek felt all the wonder and
affection of contrast.  He could spend hours in surveying its creeping
progress, in moralizing over its mechanism.  He despised it in joy--he
envied it in sorrow.

Regarding it now as he lay along the sward--its dull mass moving while
it seemed motionless, the Athenian murmured to himself:

'The eagle dropped a stone from his talons, thinking to break thy shell:
the stone crushed the head of a poet.  This is the allegory of Fate!
Dull thing!  Thou hadst a father and a mother; perhaps, ages ago, thou
thyself hadst a mate.  Did thy parents love, or didst thou?  Did thy
slow blood circulate more gladly when thou didst creep to the side of
thy wedded one? Wert thou capable of affection? Could it distress thee
if she were away from thy side?  Couldst thou feel when she was present?
What would I not give to know the history of thy mailed breast--to gaze
upon the mechanism of thy faint desires--to mark what hair--breadth
difference separates thy sorrow from thy joy!  Yet, methinks, thou
wouldst know if Ione were present!  Thou wouldst feel her coming like a
happier air--like a gladder sun.  I envy thee now, for thou knowest not
that she is absent; and I--would I could be like thee--between the
intervals of seeing her!  What doubt, what presentiment, haunts me! why
will she not admit me?  Days have passed since I heard her voice.  For
the first time, life grows flat to me.  I am as one who is left alone at
a banquet, the lights dead, and the flowers faded.  Ah! Ione, couldst
thou dream how I adore thee!'

From these enamoured reveries, Glaucus was interrupted by the entrance
of Nydia.  She came with her light, though cautious step, along the
marble tablinum.  She passed the portico, and paused at the flowers
which bordered the garden.  She had her water-vase in her hand, and she
sprinkled the thirsting plants, which seemed to brighten at her
approach.  She bent to inhale their odor.  She touched them timidly and
caressingly.  She felt, along their stems, if any withered leaf or
creeping insect marred their beauty.  And as she hovered from flower to
flower, with her earnest and youthful countenance and graceful motions,
you could not have imagined a fitter handmaid for the goddess of the

'Nydia, my child!' said Glaucus.

At the sound of his voice she paused at once--listening, blushing,
breathless; with her lips parted, her face upturned to catch the
direction of the sound, she laid down the vase--she hastened to him; and
wonderful it was to see how unerringly she threaded her dark way through
the flowers, and came by the shortest path to the side of her new lord.

'Nydia,' said Glaucus, tenderly stroking back her long and beautiful
hair, 'it is now three days since thou hast been under the protection of
my household gods.  Have they smiled on thee?  Art thou happy?'

'Ah! so happy!' sighed the slave.

'And now,' continued Glaucus, 'that thou hast recovered somewhat from
the hateful recollections of thy former state,--and now that they have
fitted thee (touching her broidered tunic) with garments more meet for
thy delicate shape--and now, sweet child, that thou hast accustomed
thyself to a happiness, which may the gods grant thee ever! I am about
to pray at thy hands a boon.'

'Oh! what can I do for thee?' said Nydia, clasping her hands.

'Listen,' said Glaucus, 'and young as thou art, thou shalt be my
confidant. Hast thou ever heard the name of Ione?'

The blind girl gasped for breath, and turning pale as one of the statues
which shone upon them from the peristyle, she answered with an effort,
and after a moment's pause:

'Yes!  I have heard that she is of Neapolis, and beautiful.'

'Beautiful! her beauty is a thing to dazzle the day!  Neapolis! nay, she
is Greek by origin; Greece only could furnish forth such shapes.  Nydia,
I love her!'

'I thought so,' replied Nydia, calmly.

'I love, and thou shalt tell her so.  I am about to send thee to her.
Happy Nydia, thou wilt be in her chamber--thou wilt drink the music of
her voice--thou wilt bask in the sunny air of her presence!'

'What! what! wilt thou send me from thee?'

'Thou wilt go to Ione,' answered Glaucus, in a tone that said, 'What
more canst thou desire?'

Nydia burst into tears.

Glaucus, raising himself, drew her towards him with the soothing
caresses of a brother.

'My child, my Nydia, thou weepest in ignorance of the happiness I bestow
on thee.  She is gentle, and kind, and soft as the breeze of spring. She
will be a sister to thy youth--she will appreciate thy winning
talents--she will love thy simple graces as none other could, for they
are like her own. Weepest thou still, fond fool?  I will not force thee,
sweet. Wilt thou not do for me this kindness?'

'Well, if I can serve thee, command.  See, I weep no longer--I am calm.'

'That is my own Nydia,' continued Glaucus, kissing her hand. 'Go, then,
to her: if thou art disappointed in her kindness--if I have deceived
thee, return when thou wilt.  I do not give thee to another; I but lend.
My home ever be thy refuge, sweet one.  Ah! would it could shelter all
the friendless and distressed!  But if my heart whispers truly, I shall
claim thee again soon, my child.  My home and Ione's will become the
same, and thou shalt dwell with both.'

A shiver passed through the slight frame of the blind girl, but she wept
no more--she was resigned.

'Go, then, my Nydia, to Ione's house--they shall show thee the way. Take
her the fairest flowers thou canst pluck; the vase which contains them I
will give thee: thou must excuse its unworthiness.  Thou shalt take,
too, with thee the lute that I gave thee yesterday, and from which thou
knowest so well to awaken the charming spirit.  Thou shalt give her,
also, this letter, in which, after a hundred efforts, I have embodied
something of my thoughts. Let thy ear catch every accent, every
modulation of her voice, and tell me, when we meet again, if its music
should flatter me or discourage.  It is now, Nydia, some days since I
have been admitted to Ione; there is something mysterious in this
exclusion.  I am distracted with doubts and fears; learn--for thou art
quick, and thy care for me will sharpen tenfold thy acuteness--learn the
cause of this unkindness; speak of me as often as thou canst; let my
name come ever to thy lips: insinuate how I love rather than proclaim
it; watch if she sighs whilst thou speakest, if she answer thee; or, if
she reproves, in what accents she reproves.  Be my friend, plead for me:
and oh! how vastly wilt thou overpay the little I have done for thee!
Thou comprehendest, Nydia; thou art yet a child--have I said more than
thou canst understand?'


'And thou wilt serve me?'


'Come to me when thou hast gathered the flowers, and I will give thee
the vase I speak of; seek me in the chamber of Leda.  Pretty one, thou
dost not grieve now?'

'Glaucus, I am a slave; what business have I with grief or joy?'

'Sayest thou so?  No, Nydia, be free.  I give thee freedom; enjoy it as
thou wilt, and pardon me that I reckoned on thy desire to serve me.'

'You are offended.  Oh! I would not, for that which no freedom can give,
offend you, Glaucus.  My guardian, my saviour, my protector, forgive the
poor blind girl!  She does not grieve even in leaving thee, if she can
contribute to thy happiness.'

'May the gods bless this grateful heart!' said Glaucus, greatly moved;
and, unconscious of the fires he excited, he repeatedly kissed her

'Thou forgivest me,' said she, 'and thou wilt talk no more of freedom;
my happiness is to be thy slave: thou hast promised thou wilt not give
me to another...'

'I have promised.'

'And now, then, I will gather the flowers.'

Silently, Nydia took from the hand of Glaucus the costly and jewelled
vase, in which the flowers vied with each other in hue and fragrance;
tearlessly she received his parting admonition.  She paused for a moment
when his voice ceased--she did not trust herself to reply--she sought
his hand--she raised it to her lips, dropped her veil over her face, and
passed at once from his presence.  She paused again as she reached the
threshold; she stretched her hands towards it, and murmured:

'Three happy days--days of unspeakable delight, have I known since I
passed thee--blessed threshold! may peace dwell ever with thee when I am
gone!  And now, my heart tears itself from thee, and the only sound it
utters bids me--die!'

Chapter VI


A SLAVE entered the chamber of Ione.  A messenger from Glaucus desired
to be admitted.

Ione hesitated an instant.

'She is blind, that messenger,' said the slave; 'she will do her
commission to none but thee.'

Base is that heart which does not respect affliction!  The moment she
heard the messenger was blind, Ione felt the impossibility of returning
a chilling reply.  Glaucus had chosen a herald that was indeed sacred--a
herald that could not be denied.

'What can he want with me? what message can he send?' and the heart of
Ione beat quick.  The curtain across the door was withdrawn; a soft and
echoless step fell upon the marble; and Nydia, led by one of the
attendants, entered with her precious gift.

She stood still a moment, as if listening for some sound that might
direct her.

'Will the noble Ione,' said she, in a soft and low voice, 'deign to
speak, that I may know whither to steer these benighted steps, and that
I may lay my offerings at her feet?'

'Fair child,' said Ione, touched and soothingly, 'give not thyself the
pain to cross these slippery floors, my attendant will bring to me what
thou hast to present'; and she motioned to the handmaid to take the

'I may give these flowers to none but thee,' answered Nydia; and, guided
by her ear, she walked slowly to the place where Ione sat, and kneeling
when she came before her, proffered the vase.

Ione took it from her hand, and placed it on the table at her side.  She
then raised her gently, and would have seated her on the couch, but the
girl modestly resisted.

'I have not yet discharged my office,' said she; and she drew the letter
of Glaucus from her vest.  'This will, perhaps, explain why he who sent
me chose so unworthy a messenger to Ione.'

The Neapolitan took the letter with a hand, the trembling of which Nydia
at once felt and sighed to feel.  With folded arms, and downcast looks,
she stood before the proud and stately form of Ione--no less proud,
perhaps, in her attitude of submission.  Ione waved her hand, and the
attendants withdrew; she gazed again upon the form of the young slave in
surprise and beautiful compassion; then, retiring a little from her, she
opened and read the following letter:

'Glaucus to Ione sends more than he dares to utter.  Is Ione ill? thy
slaves tell me "No", and that assurance comforts me.  Has Glaucus
offended Ione?--ah! that question I may not ask from them.  For five
days I have been banished from thy presence.  Has the sun shone?--I know
it not.  Has the sky smiled?--it has had no smile for me.  My sun and my
sky are Ione.  Do I offend thee?  Am I too bold?  Do I say that on the
tablet which my tongue has hesitated to breathe?  Alas! it is in thine
absence that I feel most the spells by which thou hast subdued me.  And
absence, that deprives me of joy, brings me courage.  Thou wilt not see
me; thou hast banished also the common flatterers that flock around
thee.  Canst thou confound me with them?  It is not possible! Thou
knowest too well that I am not of them--that their clay is not mine. For
even were I of the humblest mould, the fragrance of the rose has
penetrated me, and the spirit of thy nature hath passed within me, to
embalm, to sanctify, to inspire.  Have they slandered me to thee, Ione?
Thou wilt not believe them.  Did the Delphic oracle itself tell me thou
wert unworthy, I would not believe it; and am I less incredulous than
thou I think of the last time we met--of the song which I sang to
thee--of the look that thou gavest me in return. Disguise it as thou wilt,
Ione, there is something kindred between us, and our eyes acknowledged
it, though our lips were silent.  Deign to see me, to listen to me, and
after that exclude me if thou wilt.  I meant not so soon to say I loved.
But those words rush to my heart--they will have way.  Accept, then, my
homage and my vows.  We met first at the shrine of Pallas; shall we not
meet before a softer and a more ancient altar?

'Beautiful! adored Ione!  If my hot youth and my Athenian blood have
misguided and allured me, they have but taught my wanderings to
appreciate the rest--the haven they have attained.  I hang up my
dripping robes on the Sea-god's shrine.  I have escaped shipwreck.  I
have found THEE.  Ione, deign to see me; thou art gentle to strangers,
wilt thou be less merciful to those of thine own land?  I await thy
reply.  Accept the flowers which I send--their sweet breath has a
language more eloquent than words.  They take from the sun the odorous
they return--they are the emblem of the love that receives and repays
tenfold--the emblem of the heart that drunk thy rays, and owes to thee
the germ of the treasures that it proffers to thy smile.  I send these
by one whom thou wilt receive for her own sake, if not for mine. She,
like us, is a stranger; her fathers' ashes lie under brighter skies:
but, less happy than we, she is blind and a slave.  Poor Nydia!  I seek
as much as possible to repair to her the cruelties of Nature and of
Fate, in asking permission to place her with thee.  She is gentle,
quick, and docile. She is skilled in music and the song; and she is a
very Chloris to the flowers.  She thinks, Ione, that thou wilt love her:
if thou dost not, send her back to me.

'One word more--let me be bold, Ione.  Why thinkest thou so highly of
yon dark Egyptian? he hath not about him the air of honest men.  We
Greeks learn mankind from our cradle; we are not the less profound, in
that we affect no sombre mien; our lips smile, but our eyes are
grave--they observe--they note--they study.  Arbaces is not one to be
credulously trusted: can it be that he hath wronged me to thee?  I think
it, for I left him with thee; thou sawest how my presence stung him;
since then thou hast not admitted me. Believe nothing that he can say to
my disfavor; if thou dost, tell me so at once; for this Ione owes to
Glaucus.  Farewell! this letter touches thy hand; these characters meet
thine eyes--shall they be more blessed than he who is their author. Once
more, farewell!'

It seemed to Ione, as she read this letter, as if a mist had fallen from
her eyes.  What had been the supposed offence of Glaucus?--that he had
not really loved!  And now, plainly, and in no dubious terms, he
confessed that love.  From that moment his power was fully restored.  At
every tender word in that letter, so full of romantic and trustful
passion, her heart smote her.  And had she doubted his faith, and had
she believed another? and had she not, at least, allowed to him the
culprit's right to know his crime, to plead in his defence?--the tears
rolled down her cheeks--she kissed the letter--she placed it in her
bosom: and, turning to Nydia, who stood in the same place and in the
same posture:

'Wilt thou sit, my child,' said she, 'while I write an answer to this

'You will answer it, then!' said Nydia, coldly.  'Well, the slave that
accompanied me will take back your answer.'

'For you,' said Ione, 'stay with me--trust me, your service shall be

Nydia bowed her head.

'What is your name, fair girl?'

'They call me Nydia.'

'Your country?'

'The land of Olympus--Thessaly.'

'Thou shalt be to me a friend,' said Ione, caressingly, 'as thou art
already half a countrywoman.  Meanwhile, I beseech thee, stand not on
these cold and glassy marbles.  There! now that thou art seated, I can
leave thee for an instant.'

'Ione to Glaucus greeting.  Come to me, Glaucus,' wrote Ione, 'come to
me to-morrow.  I may have been unjust to thee; but I will tell thee, at
least, the fault that has been imputed to thy charge.  Fear not,
henceforth, the Egyptian--fear none.  Thou sayest thou hast expressed
too much--alas! in these hasty words I have already done so. Farewell.'

As Ione reappeared with the letter, which she did not dare to read after
she had written (Ah! common rashness, common timidity of love!)--Nydia
started from her seat.

'You have written to Glaucus?'

'I have.'

'And will he thank the messenger who gives to him thy letter?'

Ione forgot that her companion was blind; she blushed from the brow to
the neck, and remained silent.

'I mean this,' added Nydia, in a calmer tone; 'the lightest word of
coldness from thee will sadden him--the lightest kindness will rejoice.
If it be the first, let the slave take back thine answer; if it be the
last, let me--I will return this evening.'

'And why, Nydia,' asked Ione, evasively, 'Wouldst thou be the bearer of
my letter?'

'It is so, then!' said Nydia.  'Ah! how could it be otherwise; who could
be unkind to Glaucus?'

'My child,' said Ione, a little more reservedly than before, 'thou
speakest warmly--Glaucus, then, is amiable in thine eyes?'

'Noble Ione! Glaucus has been that to me which neither fortune nor the
gods have been--a friend!'

The sadness mingled with dignity with which Nydia uttered these simple
words, affected the beautiful Ione: she bent down and kissed her.  'Thou
art grateful, and deservedly so; why should I blush to say that Glaucus
is worthy of thy gratitude?  Go, my Nydia--take to him thyself this
letter--but return again.  If I am from home when thou returnest--as
this evening, perhaps, I shall be--thy chamber shall be prepared next my
own.  Nydia, I have no sister--wilt thou be one to me?' The Thessalian
kissed the hand of Ione, and then said, with some embarrassment:

'One favor, fair Ione--may I dare to ask it?'

'Thou canst not ask what I will not grant,' replied the Neapolitan.

'They tell me,' said Nydia, 'that thou art beautiful beyond the
loveliness of earth.  Alas! I cannot see that which gladdens the world!
Wilt thou suffer me, then, to pass my hand over thy face?--that is my
sole criterion of beauty, and I usually guess aright.'

She did not wait for the answer of Ione, but, as she spoke, gently and
slowly passed her hand over the bending and half-averted features of the
Greek--features which but one image in the world can yet depicture and
recall--that image is the mutilated, but all-wondrous, statue in her
native city--her own Neapolis--that Parian face, before which all the
beauty of the Florentine Venus is poor and earthly--that aspect so full
of harmony--of youth--of genius--of the soul--which modern critics have
supposed the representation of Psyche.

Her touch lingered over the braided hair and polished brow--over the
downy and damask cheek--over the dimpled lip--the swan-like and whitish
neck.  'I know now, that thou art beautiful,' she said: 'and I can
picture thee to my darkness henceforth, and for ever!'

When Nydia left her, Ione sank into a deep but delicious reverie.
Glaucus then loved her; he owned it--yes, he loved her.  She drew forth
again that dear confession; she paused over every word, she kissed every
line; she did not ask why he had been maligned, she only felt assured
that he had been so. She wondered how she had ever believed a syllable
against him; she wondered how the Egyptian had been enabled to exercise
a power against Glaucus; she felt a chill creep over her as she again
turned to his warning against Arbaces, and her secret fear of that
gloomy being darkened into awe.  She was awakened from these thoughts by
her maidens, who came to announce to her that the hour appointed to
visit Arbaces was arrived; she started, she had forgotten the promise.
Her first impression was to renounce it; her second, was to laugh at her
own fears of her eldest surviving friend.  She hastened to add the usual
ornaments to her dress, and doubtful whether she should yet question the
Egyptian more closely with respect to his accusation of Glaucus, or
whether she should wait till, without citing the authority, she should
insinuate to Glaucus the accusation itself, she took her way to the
gloomy mansion of Arbaces.

Chapter VII


'DEAREST Nydia!' exclaimed Glaucus as he read the letter of Ione,
'whitest robed messenger that ever passed between earth and heaven--how,
how shall I thank thee?'

'I am rewarded,' said the poor Thessalian.

'To-morrow--to-morrow! how shall I while the hours till then?'

The enamoured Greek would not let Nydia escape him, though she sought
several times to leave the chamber; he made her recite to him over and
over again every syllable of the brief conversation that had taken place
between her and Ione; a thousand times, forgetting her misfortune, he
questioned her of the looks, of the countenance of his beloved; and then
quickly again excusing his fault, he bade her recommence the whole
recital which he had thus interrupted.  The hours thus painful to Nydia
passed rapidly and delightfully to him, and the twilight had already
darkened ere he once more dismissed her to Ione with a fresh letter and
with new flowers.  Scarcely had she gone, than Clodius and several of
his gay companions broke in upon him; they rallied him on his seclusion
during the whole day, and absence from his customary haunts; they
invited him to accompany them to the various resorts in that lively
city, which night and day proffered diversity to pleasure.  Then, as
now, in the south (for no land, perhaps, losing more of greatness has
retained more of custom), it was the delight of the Italians to assemble
at the evening; and, under the porticoes of temples or the shade of the
groves that interspersed the streets, listening to music or the recitals
of some inventive tale-teller, they hailed the rising moon with
libations of wine and the melodies of song.  Glaucus was too happy to be
unsocial; he longed to cast off the exuberance of joy that oppressed
him. He willingly accepted the proposal of his comrades, and laughingly
they sallied out together down the populous and glittering streets.

In the meantime Nydia once more gained the house of Ione, who had long
left it; she inquired indifferently whither Ione had gone.

The answer arrested and appalled her.

'To the house of Arbaces--of the Egyptian?  Impossible!'

'It is true, my little one,' said the slave, who had replied to her
question.  'She has known the Egyptian long.'

'Long! ye gods, yet Glaucus loves her?' murmured Nydia to herself.

'And has,' asked she aloud, 'has she often visited him before?'

'Never till now,' answered the slave.  'If all the rumored scandal of
Pompeii be true, it would be better, perhaps, if she had not ventured
there at present.  But she, poor mistress mine, hears nothing of that
which reaches us; the talk of the vestibulum reaches not to the

'Never till now!' repeated Nydia.  'Art thou sure?'

'Sure, pretty one: but what is that to thee or to us?'

Nydia hesitated a moment, and then, putting down the flowers with which
she had been charged, she called to the slave who had accompanied her,
and left the house without saying another word.

Not till she had got half-way back to the house of Glaucus did she break
silence, and even then she only murmured inly:

'She does not dream--she cannot--of the dangers into which she has
plunged. Fool that I am--shall I save her?--yes, for I love Glaucus
better than myself.'

When she arrived at the house of the Athenian, she learnt that he had
gone out with a party of his friends, and none knew whither.  He
probably would not be home before midnight.

The Thessalian groaned; she sank upon a seat in the hall and covered her
face with her hands as if to collect her thoughts. 'There is no time to
be lost,' thought she, starting up.  She turned to the slave who had
accompanied her.

'Knowest thou,' said she, 'if Ione has any relative, any intimate friend
at Pompeii?'

'Why, by Jupiter!' answered the slave, 'art thou silly enough to ask the
question?  Every one in Pompeii knows that Ione has a brother who, young
and rich, has been--under the rose I speak--so foolish as to become a
priest of Isis.'

'A priest of Isis!  O Gods!  his name?'


'I know it all,' muttered Nydia: 'brother and sister, then, are to be
both victims! Apaecides! yes, that was the name I heard in...  Ha! he
well, then, knows the peril that surrounds his sister; I will go to

She sprang up at that thought, and taking the staff which always guided
her steps, she hastened to the neighboring shrine of Isis. Till she had
been under the guardianship of the kindly Greek, that staff had sufficed
to conduct the poor blind girl from corner to corner of Pompeii.  Every
street, every turning in the more frequented parts, was familiar to her;
and as the inhabitants entertained a tender and half-superstitious
veneration for those subject to her infirmity, the passengers had always
given way to her timid steps.  Poor girl, she little dreamed that she
should, ere many days were passed, find her blindness her protection,
and a guide far safer than the keenest eyes!

But since she had been under the roof of Glaucus, he had ordered a slave
to accompany her always; and the poor devil thus appointed, who was
somewhat of the fattest, and who, after having twice performed the
journey to Ione's house, now saw himself condemned to a third excursion
(whither the gods only knew), hastened after her, deploring his fate,
and solemnly assuring Castor and Pollux that he believed the blind girl
had the talaria of Mercury as well as the infirmity of Cupid.

Nydia, however, required but little of his assistance to find her way to
the popular temple of Isis: the space before it was now deserted, and
she won without obstacle to the sacred rail.

'There is no one here,' said the fat slave.  'What dost thou want, or
whom Knowest thou not that the priests do not live in the temple?'

'Call out,' said she, impatiently; 'night and day there is always one
flamen, at least, watching in the shrine of Isis.'

The slave called--no one appeared.

'Seest thou no one?'

'No one.'

'Thou mistakest; I hear a sigh: look again.'

The slave, wondering and grumbling, cast round his heavy eyes, and
before one of the altars, whose remains still crowd the narrow space, he
beheld a form bending as in meditation.

'I see a figure, said he; 'and by the white garments, it is a priest.'

'O flamen of Isis!' cried Nydia; 'servant of the Most Ancient, hear me!'

'Who calls?' said a low and melancholy voice.

'One who has no common tidings to impart to a member of your body: I
come to declare and not to ask oracles.'

'With whom wouldst thou confer?  This is no hour for thy conference;
depart, disturb me not; the night is sacred to the gods, the day to

'Methinks I know thy voice? thou art he whom I seek; yet I have heard
thee speak but once before.  Art thou not the priest Apaecides?'

'I am that man,' replied the priest, emerging from the altar, and
approaching the rail.

'Thou art! the gods be praised!' Waving her hand to the slave, she bade
him withdraw to a distance; and he, who naturally imagined some
superstition connected, perhaps, with the safety of Ione, could alone
lead her to the temple, obeyed, and seated himself on the ground, at a
little distance. 'Hush!' said she, speaking quick and low; 'art thou
indeed Apaecides?'

'If thou knowest me, canst thou not recall my features?'

'I am blind,' answered Nydia; 'my eyes are in my ear, and that
recognizes thee: yet swear that thou art he.'

'By the gods I swear it, by my right hand, and by the moon!'

'Hush! speak low--bend near--give me thy hand; knowest thou Arbaces?
Hast thou laid flowers at the feet of the dead?  Ah! thy hand is
cold--hark yet!--hast thou taken the awful vow?'

'Who art thou, whence comest thou, pale maiden?' said Apaecides,
fearfully: 'I know thee not; thine is not the breast on which this head
hath lain; I have never seen thee before.'

'But thou hast heard my voice: no matter, those recollections it should
shame us both to recall.  Listen, thou hast a sister.'

'Speak! speak! what of her?'

'Thou knowest the banquets of the dead, stranger--it pleases thee,
perhaps, to share them--would it please thee to have thy sister a
partaker?  Would it please thee that Arbaces was her host?'

'O gods, he dare not!  Girl, if thou mockest me, tremble!  I will tear
thee limb from limb!'

'I speak the truth; and while I speak, Ione is in the halls of
Arbaces--for the first time his guest.  Thou knowest if there be peril
in that first time!  Farewell!  I have fulfilled my charge.'

'Stay! stay!' cried the priest, passing his wan hand over his brow.  'If
this be true, what--what can be done to save her?  They may not admit
me.  I know not all the mazes of that intricate mansion.  O Nemesis!
justly am I punished!'

'I will dismiss yon slave, be thou my guide and comrade; I will lead
thee to the private door of the house: I will whisper to thee the word
which admits. Take some weapon: it may be needful!'

'Wait an instant,' said Apaecides, retiring into one of the cells that
flank the temple, and reappearing in a few moments wrapped in a large
cloak, which was then much worn by all classes, and which concealed his
sacred dress. 'Now,' he said, grinding his teeth, 'if Arbaces hath dared
to--but he dare not! he dare not!  Why should I suspect him?  Is he so
base a villain?  I will not think it--yet, sophist! dark bewilderer that
he is!  O gods protect--hush! are there gods?  Yes, there is one
goddess, at least, whose voice I can command; and that is--Vengeance!'

Muttering these disconnected thoughts, Apaecides, followed by his silent
and sightless companion, hastened through the most solitary paths to the
house of the Egyptian.

The slave, abruptly dismissed by Nydia, shrugged his shoulders, muttered
an adjuration, and, nothing loath, rolled off to his cubiculum.

Chapter VIII


WE must go back a few hours in the progress of our story.  At the first
grey dawn of the day, which Glaucus had already marked with white, the
Egyptian was seated, sleepless and alone, on the summit of the lofty and
pyramidal tower which flanked his house.  A tall parapet around it
served as a wall, and conspired, with the height of the edifice and the
gloomy trees that girded the mansion, to defy the prying eyes of
curiosity or observation.  A table, on which lay a scroll, filled with
mystic figures, was before him. On high, the stars waxed dim and faint,
and the shades of night melted from the sterile mountain-tops; only
above Vesuvius there rested a deep and massy cloud, which for several
days past had gathered darker and more solid over its summit.  The
struggle of night and day was more visible over the broad ocean, which
stretched calm, like a gigantic lake, bounded by the circling shores
that, covered with vines and foliage, and gleaming here and there with
the white walls of sleeping cities, sloped to the scarce rippling waves.

It was the hour above all others most sacred to the daring science of
the Egyptian--the science which would read our changeful destinies in
the stars.

He had filled his scroll, he had noted the moment and the sign; and,
leaning upon his hand, he had surrendered himself to the thoughts which
his calculation excited.

'Again do the stars forewarn me!  Some danger, then, assuredly awaits
me!' said he, slowly; 'some danger, violent and sudden in its nature.
The stars wear for me the same mocking menace which, if our chronicles
do not err, they once wore for Pyrrhus--for him, doomed to strive for
all things, to enjoy none--all attacking, nothing gaining--battles
without fruit, laurels without triumph, fame without success; at last
made craven by his own superstitions, and slain like a dog by a tile
from the hand of an old woman! Verily, the stars flatter when they give
me a type in this fool of war--when they promise to the ardour of my
wisdom the same results as to the madness of his ambition--perpetual
exercise--no certain goal!--the Sisyphus task, the mountain and the
stone!--the stone, a gloomy image!--it reminds me that I am threatened
with somewhat of the same death as the Epirote.  Let me look again.
"Beware," say the shining prophets, "how thou passest under ancient
roofs, or besieged walls, or overhanging cliffs--a stone hurled from
above, is charged by the curses of destiny against thee!" And, at no
distant date from this, comes the peril: but I cannot, of a certainty,
read the day and hour.  Well! if my glass runs low, the sands shall
sparkle to the last. Yet, if I escape this peril--ay, if I
escape--bright and clear as the moonlight track along the waters glows
the rest of my existence.  I see honors, happiness, success, shining
upon every billow of the dark gulf beneath which I must sink at last.
What, then, with such destinies beyond the peril, shall I succumb to the
peril?  My soul whispers hope, it sweeps exultingly beyond the boding
hour, it revels in the future--its own courage is its fittest omen.  If
I were to perish so suddenly and so soon, the shadow of death would
darken over me, and I should feel the icy presentiment of my doom.  My
soul would express, in sadness and in gloom, its forecast of the dreary
Orcus.  But it smiles--it assures me of deliverance.'

As he thus concluded his soliloquy, the Egyptian involuntarily rose.  He
paced rapidly the narrow space of that star-roofed floor, and, pausing
at the parapet, looked again upon the grey and melancholy heavens.  The
chills of the faint dawn came refreshingly upon his brow, and gradually
his mind resumed its natural and collected calm.  He withdrew his gaze
from the stars, as, one after one, they receded into the depths of
heaven; and his eyes fell over the broad expanse below.  Dim in the
silenced port of the city rose the masts of the galleys; along that mart
of luxury and of labor was stilled the mighty hum.  No lights, save here
and there from before the columns of a temple, or in the porticoes of
the voiceless forum, broke the wan and fluctuating light of the
struggling morn.  From the heart of the torpid city, so soon to vibrate
with a thousand passions, there came no sound: the streams of life
circulated not; they lay locked under the ice of sleep.  From the huge
space of the amphitheatre, with its stony seats rising one above the
other--coiled and round as some slumbering monster--rose a thin and
ghastly mist, which gathered darker, and more dark, over the scattered
foliage that gloomed in its vicinity.  The city seemed as, after the
awful change of seventeen ages, it seems now to the traveler,--a City of
the Dead.'

The ocean itself--that serene and tideless sea--lay scarce less hushed,
save that from its deep bosom came, softened by the distance, a faint
and regular murmur, like the breathing of its sleep; and curving far, as
with outstretched arms, into the green and beautiful land, it seemed
unconsciously to clasp to its breast the cities sloping to its
margin--Stabiae, and Herculaneum, and Pompeii--those children and
darlings of the deep.  'Ye slumber,' said the Egyptian, as he scowled
over the cities, the boast and flower of Campania; 'ye slumber!--would
it were the eternal repose of death! As ye now--jewels in the crown of
empire--so once were the cities of the Nile!  Their greatness hath
perished from them, they sleep amidst ruins, their palaces and their
shrines are tombs, the serpent coils in the grass of their streets, the
lizard basks in their solitary halls.  By that mysterious law of Nature,
which humbles one to exalt the other, ye have thriven upon their ruins;
thou, haughty Rome, hast usurped the glories of Sesostris and
Semiramis--thou art a robber, clothing thyself with their spoils!  And
these--slaves in thy triumph--that I (the last son of forgotten
monarchs) survey below, reservoirs of thine all-pervading power and
luxury, I curse as I behold! The time shall come when Egypt shall be
avenged! when the barbarian's steed shall make his manger in the Golden
House of Nero! and thou that hast sown the wind with conquest shalt reap
the harvest in the whirlwind of desolation!'

As the Egyptian uttered a prediction which fate so fearfully fulfilled,
a more solemn and boding image of ill omen never occurred to the dreams
of painter or of poet.  The morning light, which can pale so wanly even
the young cheek of beauty, gave his majestic and stately features almost
the colors of the grave, with the dark hair falling massively around
them, and the dark robes flowing long and loose, and the arm
outstretched from that lofty eminence, and the glittering eyes, fierce
with a savage gladness--half prophet and half fiend!

He turned his gaze from the city and the ocean; before him lay the
vineyards and meadows of the rich Campania.  The gate and walls--ancient,
half Pelasgic--of the city, seemed not to bound its extent. Villas and
villages stretched on every side up the ascent of Vesuvius, not nearly
then so steep or so lofty as at present.  For, as Rome itself is built
on an exhausted volcano, so in similar security the inhabitants of the
South tenanted the green and vine-clad places around a volcano whose
fires they believed at rest for ever.  From the gate stretched the long
street of tombs, various in size and architecture, by which, on that
side, the city is as yet approached. Above all, rode the cloud-capped
summit of the Dread Mountain, with the shadows, now dark, now light,
betraying the mossy caverns and ashy rocks, which testified the past
conflagrations, and might have prophesied--but man is blind--that which
was to come!

Difficult was it then and there to guess the causes why the tradition of
the place wore so gloomy and stern a hue; why, in those smiling plains,
for miles around--to Baiae and Misenum--the poets had imagined the
entrance and thresholds of their hell--their Acheron, and their fabled
Styx: why, in those Phlegrae, now laughing with the vine, they placed
the battles of the gods, and supposed the daring Titans to have sought
the victory of heaven--save, indeed, that yet, in yon seared and blasted
summit, fancy might think to read the characters of the Olympian

But it was neither the rugged height of the still volcano, nor the
fertility of the sloping fields, nor the melancholy avenue of tombs, nor
the glittering villas of a polished and luxurious people, that now
arrested the eye of the Egyptian.  On one part of the landscape, the
mountain of Vesuvius descended to the plain in a narrow and uncultivated
ridge, broken here and there by jagged crags and copses of wild foliage.
At the base of this lay a marshy and unwholesome pool; and the intent
gaze of Arbaces caught the outline of some living form moving by the
marshes, and stooping ever and anon as if to pluck its rank produce.

'Ho!' said he, aloud, 'I have then, another companion in these unworldly
night--watches.  The witch of Vesuvius is abroad.  What! doth she, too,
as the credulous imagine--doth she, too, learn the lore of the great
stars? Hath she been uttering foul magic to the moon, or culling (as her
pauses betoken) foul herbs from the venomous marsh? Well, I must see
this fellow-laborer.  Whoever strives to know learns that no human lore
is despicable.  Despicable only you--ye fat and bloated things--slaves
of luxury--sluggards in thought--who, cultivating nothing but the barren
sense, dream that its poor soil can produce alike the myrtle and the
laurel.  No, the wise only can enjoy--to us only true luxury is given,
when mind, brain, invention, experience, thought, learning, imagination,
all contribute like rivers to swell the seas of SENSE!--Ione!'

As Arbaces uttered that last and charmed word, his thoughts sunk at once
into a more deep and profound channel.  His steps paused; he took not
his eyes from the ground; once or twice he smiled joyously, and then, as
he turned from his place of vigil, and sought his couch, he muttered,
'If death frowns so near, I will say at least that I have lived--Ione
shall be mine!'

The character of Arbaces was one of those intricate and varied webs, in
which even the mind that sat within it was sometimes confused and
perplexed. In him, the son of a fallen dynasty, the outcast of a sunken
people, was that spirit of discontented pride, which ever rankles in one
of a sterner mould, who feels himself inexorably shut from the sphere in
which his fathers shone, and to which Nature as well as birth no less
entitles himself.  This sentiment hath no benevolence; it wars with
society, it sees enemies in mankind.  But with this sentiment did not go
its common companion, poverty. Arbaces possessed wealth which equalled
that of most of the Roman nobles; and this enabled him to gratify to the
utmost the passions which had no outlet in business or ambition.
Travelling from clime to clime, and beholding still Rome everywhere, he
increased both his hatred of society and his passion for pleasure.  He
was in a vast prison, which, however, he could fill with the ministers
of luxury.  He could not escape from the prison, and his only object,
therefore, was to give it the character of the palace.  The Egyptians,
from the earliest time, were devoted to the joys of sense; Arbaces
inherited both their appetite for sensuality and the glow of imagination
which struck light from its rottenness.  But still, unsocial in his
pleasures as in his graver pursuits, and brooking neither superior nor
equal, he admitted few to his companionship, save the willing slaves of
his profligacy.  He was the solitary lord of a crowded harem; but, with
all, he felt condemned to that satiety which is the constant curse of
men whose intellect is above their pursuits, and that which once had
been the impulse of passion froze down to the ordinance of custom.
From the disappointments of sense he sought to raise himself by the
cultivation of knowledge; but as it was not his object to serve mankind,
so he despised that knowledge which is practical and useful.  His dark
imagination loved to exercise itself in those more visionary and obscure
researches which are ever the most delightful to a wayward and solitary
mind, and to which he himself was invited by the daring pride of his
disposition and the mysterious traditions of his clime. Dismissing faith
in the confused creeds of the heathen world, he reposed the greatest
faith in the power of human wisdom. He did not know (perhaps no one in
that age distinctly did) the limits which Nature imposes upon our
discoveries.  Seeing that the higher we mount in knowledge the more
wonders we behold, he imagined that Nature not only worked miracles in
her ordinary course, but that she might, by the cabala of some master
soul, be diverted from that course itself.  Thus he pursued science,
across her appointed boundaries, into the land of perplexity and shadow.
From the truths of astronomy he wandered into astrological fallacy; from
the secrets of chemistry he passed into the spectral labyrinth of magic;
and he who could be sceptical as to the power of the gods, was
credulously superstitious as to the power of man.

The cultivation of magic, carried at that day to a singular height among
the would-be wise, was especially Eastern in its origin; it was alien to
the early philosophy of the Greeks; nor had it been received by them
with favor until Ostanes, who accompanied the army of Xerxes,
introduced, amongst the simple credulities of Hellas, the solemn
superstitions of Zoroaster.  Under the Roman emperors it had become,
however, naturalized at Rome (a meet subject for Juvenal's fiery wit).
Intimately connected with magic was the worship of Isis, and the
Egyptian religion was the means by which was extended the devotion to
Egyptian sorcery.  The theurgic, or benevolent magic--the goetic, or
dark and evil necromancy--were alike in pre-eminent repute during the
first century of the Christian era; and the marvels of Faustus are not
comparable to those of Apollonius.  Kings, courtiers, and sages, all
trembled before the professors of the dread science.  And not the least
remarkable of his tribe was the most formidable and profound Arbaces.
His fame and his discoveries were known to all the cultivators of magic;
they even survived himself.  But it was not by his real name that he was
honored by the sorcerer and the sage: his real name, indeed, was unknown
in Italy, for 'Arbaces' was not a genuinely Egyptian but a Median
appellation, which, in the admixture and unsettlement of the ancient
races, had become common in the country of the Nile; and there were
various reasons, not only of pride, but of policy (for in youth he had
conspired against the majesty of Rome), which induced him to conceal his
true name and rank.  But neither by the name he had borrowed from the
Mede, nor by that which in the colleges of Egypt would have attested his
origin from kings, did the cultivators of magic acknowledge the potent
master.  He received from their homage a more mystic appellation, and
was long remembered in Magna Graecia and the Eastern plain by the name
of 'Hermes, the Lord of the Flaming Belt'. His subtle speculations and
boasted attributes of wisdom, recorded in various volumes, were among
those tokens 'of the curious arts' which the Christian converts most
joyfully, yet most fearfully, burnt at Ephesus, depriving posterity of
the proofs of the cunning of the fiend.

The conscience of Arbaces was solely of the intellect--it was awed by no
moral laws.  If man imposed these checks upon the herd, so he believed
that man, by superior wisdom, could raise himself above them. 'If (he
reasoned) I have the genius to impose laws, have I not the right to
command my own creations?  Still more, have I not the right to
control--to evade--to scorn--the fabrications of yet meaner intellects
than my own?' Thus, if he were a villain, he justified his villainy by
what ought to have made him virtuous--namely, the elevation of his

Most men have more or less the passion for power; in Arbaces that
passion corresponded exactly to his character.  It was not the passion
for an external and brute authority.  He desired not the purple and the
fasces, the insignia of vulgar command.  His youthful ambition once
foiled and defeated, scorn had supplied its place--his pride, his
contempt for Rome--Rome, which had become the synonym of the world
(Rome, whose haughty name he regarded with the same disdain as that
which Rome herself lavished upon the barbarian), did not permit him to
aspire to sway over others, for that would render him at once the tool
or creature of the emperor.  He, the Son of the Great Race of
Rameses--he execute the orders of, and receive his power from,
another!--the mere notion filled him with rage.  But in rejecting an
ambition that coveted nominal distinctions, he but indulged the more in
the ambition to rule the heart.  Honoring mental power as the greatest
of earthly gifts, he loved to feel that power palpably in himself, by
extending it over all whom he encountered.  Thus had he ever sought the
young--thus had he ever fascinated and controlled them.  He loved to
find subjects in men's souls--to rule over an invisible and immaterial
empire!--had he been less sensual and less wealthy, he might have sought
to become the founder of a new religion. As it was, his energies were
checked by his pleasures. Besides, however, the vague love of this moral
sway (vanity so dear to sages!) he was influenced by a singular and
dreamlike devotion to all that belonged to the mystic Land his ancestors
had swayed. Although he disbelieved in her deities, he believed in the
allegories they represented (or rather he interpreted those allegories
anew).  He loved to keep alive the worship of Egypt, because he thus
maintained the shadow and the recollection of her power.  He loaded,
therefore, the altars of Osiris and of Isis with regal donations, and
was ever anxious to dignify their priesthood by new and wealthy
converts.  The vow taken--the priesthood embraced--he usually chose the
comrades of his pleasures from those whom he made his victims, partly
because he thus secured to himself their secrecy--partly because he thus
yet more confirmed to himself his peculiar power. Hence the motives of
his conduct to Apaecides, strengthened as these were, in that instance,
by his passion for Ione.

He had seldom lived long in one place; but as he grew older, he grew
more wearied of the excitement of new scenes, and he had sojourned among
the delightful cities of Campania for a period which surprised even
himself.  In fact, his pride somewhat crippled his choice of residence.
His unsuccessful conspiracy excluded him from those burning climes which
he deemed of right his own hereditary possession, and which now cowered,
supine and sunken, under the wings of the Roman eagle.  Rome herself was
hateful to his indignant soul; nor did he love to find his riches
rivalled by the minions of the court, and cast into comparative poverty
by the mighty magnificence of the court itself.  The Campanian cities
proffered to him all that his nature craved--the luxuries of an
unequalled climate--the imaginative refinements of a voluptuous
civilization.  He was removed from the sight of a superior wealth; he
was without rivals to his riches; he was free from the spies of a
jealous court.  As long as he was rich, none pried into his conduct.  He
pursued the dark tenour of his way undisturbed and secure.

It is the curse of sensualists never to love till the pleasures of sense
begin to pall; their ardent youth is frittered away in countless
desires--their hearts are exhausted.  So, ever chasing love, and taught
by a restless imagination to exaggerate, perhaps, its charms, the
Egyptian had spent all the glory of his years without attaining the
object of his desires.  The beauty of to-morrow succeeded the beauty of
to-day, and the shadows bewildered him in his pursuit of the substance.
When, two years before the present date, he beheld Ione, he saw, for the
first time, one whom he imagined he could love.  He stood, then, upon
that bridge of life, from which man sees before him distinctly a wasted
youth on the one side, and the darkness of approaching age upon the
other: a time in which we are more than ever anxious, perhaps, to secure
to ourselves, ere it be yet too late, whatever we have been taught to
consider necessary to the enjoyment of a life of which the brighter half
is gone.

With an earnestness and a patience which he had never before commanded
for his pleasures, Arbaces had devoted himself to win the heart of Ione.
It did not content him to love, he desired to be loved. In this hope he
had watched the expanding youth of the beautiful Neapolitan; and,
knowing the influence that the mind possesses over those who are taught
to cultivate the mind, he had contributed willingly to form the genius
and enlighten the intellect of Ione, in the hope that she would be thus
able to appreciate what he felt would be his best claim to her
affection: viz, a character which, however criminal and perverted, was
rich in its original elements of strength and grandeur.  When he felt
that character to be acknowledged, he willingly allowed, nay, encouraged
her, to mix among the idle votaries of pleasure, in the belief that her
soul, fitted for higher commune, would miss the companionship of his
own, and that, in comparison with others, she would learn to love
herself.  He had forgot, that as the sunflower to the sun, so youth
turns to youth, until his jealousy of Glaucus suddenly apprised him of
his error.  From that moment, though, as we have seen, he knew not the
extent of his danger, a fiercer and more tumultuous direction was given
to a passion long controlled.  Nothing kindles the fire of love like the
sprinkling of the anxieties of jealousy; it takes then a wilder, a more
resistless flame; it forgets its softness; it ceases to be tender; it
assumes something of the intensity--of the ferocity--of hate.

Arbaces resolved to lose no further time upon cautious and perilous
preparations: he resolved to place an irrevocable barrier between
himself and his rivals: he resolved to possess himself of the person of
Ione: not that in his present love, so long nursed and fed by hopes
purer than those of passion alone, he would have been contented with
that mere possession. He desired the heart, the soul, no less than the
beauty, of Ione; but he imagined that once separated by a daring crime
from the rest of mankind--once bound to Ione by a tie that memory could
not break, she would be driven to concentrate her thoughts in him--that
his arts would complete his conquest, and that, according to the true
moral of the Roman and the Sabine, the empire obtained by force would be
cemented by gentler means. This resolution was yet more confirmed in him
by his belief in the prophecies of the stars: they had long foretold to
him this year, and even the present month, as the epoch of some dread
disaster, menacing life itself.  He was driven to a certain and limited
date. He resolved to crowd, monarch-like, on his funeral pyre all that
his soul held most dear.  In his own words, if he were to die, he
resolved to feel that he had lived, and that Ione should be his own.

Chapter IX


WHEN Ione entered the spacious hall of the Egyptian, the same awe which
had crept over her brother impressed itself also upon her: there seemed
to her as to him something ominous and warning in the still and mournful
faces of those dread Theban monsters, whose majestic and passionless
features the marble so well portrayed:

  Their look, with the reach of past ages, was wise,
  And the soul of eternity thought in their eyes.
The tall AEthiopian slave grinned as he admitted her, and motioned to
her to proceed.  Half-way up the hall she was met by Arbaces himself, in
festive robes, which glittered with jewels.  Although it was broad day
without, the mansion, according to the practice of the luxurious, was
artificially darkened, and the lamps cast their still and odor-giving
light over the rich floors and ivory roofs.

'Beautiful Ione,' said Arbaces, as he bent to touch her hand, 'it is you
that have eclipsed the day--it is your eyes that light up the halls--it
is your breath which fills them with perfumes.'

'You must not talk to me thus,' said Ione, smiling, 'you forget that
your lore has sufficiently instructed my mind to render these graceful
flatteries to my person unwelcome.  It was you who taught me to disdain
adulation: will you unteach your pupil?'

There was something so frank and charming in the manner of Ione, as she
thus spoke, that the Egyptian was more than ever enamoured, and more
than ever disposed to renew the offence he had committed; he, however,
answered quickly and gaily, and hastened to renew the conversation.

He led her through the various chambers of a house, which seemed to
contain to her eyes, inexperienced to other splendor than the minute
elegance of Campanian cities, the treasures of the world.

In the walls were set pictures of inestimable art, the lights shone over
statues of the noblest age of Greece.  Cabinets of gems, each cabinet
itself a gem, filled up the interstices of the columns; the most
precious woods lined the thresholds and composed the doors; gold and
jewels seemed lavished all around.  Sometimes they were alone in these
rooms--sometimes they passed through silent rows of slaves, who,
kneeling as she passed, proffered to her offerings of bracelets, of
chains, of gems, which the Egyptian vainly entreated her to receive.

'I have often heard,' said she, wonderingly, 'that you were rich; but I
never dreamed of the amount of your wealth.'

'Would I could coin it all,' replied the Egyptian, 'into one crown,
which I might place upon that snowy brow!'

'Alas! the weight would crush me; I should be a second Tarpeia,'
answered Ione, laughingly.

'But thou dost not disdain riches, O Ione! they know not what life is
capable of who are not wealthy.  Gold is the great magician of earth--it
realizes our dreams--it gives them the power of a god--there is a
grandeur, a sublimity, in its possession; it is the mightiest, yet the
most obedient of our slaves.'

The artful Arbaces sought to dazzle the young Neapolitan by his
treasures and his eloquence; he sought to awaken in her the desire to be
mistress of what she surveyed: he hoped that she would confound the
owner with the possessions, and that the charms of his wealth would be
reflected on himself.  Meanwhile, Ione was secretly somewhat uneasy at
the gallantries which escaped from those lips, which, till lately, had
seemed to disdain the common homage we pay to beauty; and with that
delicate subtlety, which woman alone possesses, she sought to ward off
shafts deliberately aimed, and to laugh or to talk away the meaning from
his warming language.  Nothing in the world is more pretty than that
same species of defence; it is the charm of the African necromancer who
professed with a feather to turn aside the winds.

The Egyptian was intoxicated and subdued by her grace even more than by
her beauty: it was with difficulty that he suppressed his emotions;
alas! the feather was only powerful against the summer breezes--it would
be the sport of the storm.

Suddenly, as they stood in one hall, which was surrounded by draperies
of silver and white, the Egyptian clapped his hands, and, as if by
enchantment, a banquet rose from the floor--a couch or throne, with a
crimson canopy, ascended simultaneously at the feet of Ione--and at the
same instant from behind the curtains swelled the invisible and softest

Arbaces placed himself at the feet of Ione--and children, young and
beautiful as Loves, ministered to the feast.

The feast was over, the music sank into a low and subdued strain, and
Arbaces thus addressed his beautiful guest:

'Hast thou never in this dark and uncertain world--hast thou never
aspired, my pupil, to look beyond--hast thou never wished to put aside
the veil of futurity, and to behold on the shores of Fate the shadowy
images of things to be?  For it is not the past alone that has its
ghosts: each event to come has also its spectrum--its shade; when the
hour arrives, life enters it, the shadow becomes corporeal, and walks
the world.  Thus, in the land beyond the grave, are ever two impalpable
and spiritual hosts--the things to be, the things that have been! If by
our wisdom we can penetrate that land, we see the one as the other, and
learn, as I have learned, not alone the mysteries of the dead, but also
the destiny of the living.'

'As thou hast learned!--Can wisdom attain so far?'

'Wilt thou prove my knowledge, Ione, and behold the representation of
thine own fate?  It is a drama more striking than those of AEschylus: it
is one I have prepared for thee, if thou wilt see the shadows perform
their part.'

The Neapolitan trembled; she thought of Glaucus, and sighed as well as
trembled: were their destinies to be united?  Half incredulous, half
believing, half awed, half alarmed by the words of her strange host, she
remained for some moments silent, and then answered:

'It may revolt--it may terrify; the knowledge of the future will perhaps
only embitter the present!'

'Not so, Ione.  I have myself looked upon thy future lot, and the ghosts
of thy Future bask in the gardens of Elysium: amidst the asphodel and
the rose they prepare the garlands of thy sweet destiny, and the Fates,
so harsh to others, weave only for thee the web of happiness and love.
Wilt thou then come and behold thy doom, so that thou mayest enjoy it

Again the heart of Ione murmured 'Glaucus'; she uttered a half-audible
assent; the Egyptian rose, and taking her by the hand, he led her across
the banquet-room--the curtains withdrew as by magic hands, and the music
broke forth in a louder and gladder strain; they passed a row of
columns, on either side of which fountains cast aloft their fragrant
waters; they descended by broad and easy steps into a garden.  The eve
had commenced; the moon was already high in heaven, and those sweet
flowers that sleep by day, and fill, with ineffable odorous, the airs of
night, were thickly scattered amidst alleys cut through the star-lit
foliage; or, gathered in baskets, lay like offerings at the feet of the
frequent statues that gleamed along their path.

'Whither wouldst thou lead me, Arbaces?' said Ione, wonderingly.

'But yonder,' said he, pointing to a small building which stood at the
end of the vista.  'It is a temple consecrated to the Fates--our rites
require such holy ground.'

They passed into a narrow hall, at the end of which hung a sable
curtain. Arbaces lifted it; Ione entered, and found herself in total

'Be not alarmed,' said the Egyptian, 'the light will rise instantly.'
While he so spoke, a soft, and warm, and gradual light diffused itself
around; as it spread over each object, Ione perceived that she was in an
apartment of moderate size, hung everywhere with black; a couch with
draperies of the same hue was beside her.  In the centre of the room was
a small altar, on which stood a tripod of bronze.  At one side, upon a
lofty column of granite, was a colossal head of the blackest marble,
which she perceived, by the crown of wheat-ears that encircled the brow,
represented the great Egyptian goddess.  Arbaces stood before the altar:
he had laid his garland on the shrine, and seemed occupied with pouring
into the tripod the contents of a brazen vase; suddenly from that tripod
leaped into life a blue, quick, darting, irregular flame; the Egyptian
drew back to the side of Ione, and muttered some words in a language
unfamiliar to her ear; the curtain at the back of the altar waved
tremulously to and fro--it parted slowly, and in the aperture which was
thus made, Ione beheld an indistinct and pale landscape, which gradually
grew brighter and clearer as she gazed; at length she discovered plainly
trees, and rivers, and meadows, and all the beautiful diversity of the
richest earth.  At length, before the landscape, a dim shadow glided; it
rested opposite to Ione; slowly the same charm seemed to operate upon it
as over the rest of the scene; it took form and shape, and lo!--in its
feature and in its form Ione beheld herself!

Then the scene behind the spectre faded away, and was succeeded by the
representation of a gorgeous palace; a throne was raised in the centre
of its hall, the dim forms of slaves and guards were ranged around it,
and a pale hand held over the throne the likeness of a diadem.

A new actor now appeared; he was clothed from head to foot in a dark
robe--his face was concealed--he knelt at the feet of the shadowy
Ione--he clasped her hand--he pointed to the throne, as if to invite her
to ascend it.

The Neapolitan's heart beat violently.  'Shall the shadow disclose
itself?' whispered a voice beside her--the voice of Arbaces.

'Ah, yes!' answered Ione, softly.

Arbaces raised his hand--the spectre seemed to drop the mantle that
concealed its form--and Ione shrieked--it was Arbaces himself that thus
knelt before her.

'This is, indeed, thy fate!' whispered again the Egyptian's voice in her
ear.  'And thou art destined to be the bride of Arbaces.'

Ione started--the black curtain closed over the phantasmagoria: and
Arbaces himself--the real, the living Arbaces--was at her feet.

'Oh, Ione!' said he, passionately gazing upon her, 'listen to one who
has long struggled vainly with his love.  I adore thee!  The Fates do
not lie--thou art destined to be mine--I have sought the world around,
and found none like thee.  From my youth upward, I have sighed for such
as thou art. I have dreamed till I saw thee--I wake, and I behold thee.
Turn not away from me, Ione; think not of me as thou hast thought; I am
not that being--cold, insensate, and morose, which I have seemed to
thee.  Never woman had lover so devoted--so passionate as I will be to
Ione.  Do not struggle in my clasp: see--I release thy hand.  Take it
from me if thou wilt--well be it so!  But do not reject me, Ione--do not
rashly reject--judge of thy power over him whom thou canst thus
transform.  I, who never knelt to mortal being, kneel to thee.  I, who
have commanded fate, receive from thee my own.  Ione, tremble not, thou
art my queen--my goddess--be my bride!  All the wishes thou canst form
shall be fulfilled. The ends of the earth shall minister to thee--pomp,
power, luxury, shall be thy slaves.  Arbaces shall have no ambition,
save the pride of obeying thee. Ione, turn upon me those eyes--shed upon
me thy smile. Dark is my soul when thy face is hid from it: shine over
me, my sun--my heaven--my daylight!--Ione, Ione--do not reject my love!'

Alone, and in the power of this singular and fearful man, Ione was not
yet terrified; the respect of his language, the softness of his voice,
reassured her; and, in her own purity, she felt protection.  But she was
confused--astonished: it was some moments before she could recover the
power of reply.

'Rise, Arbaces!' said she at length; and she resigned to him once more
her hand, which she as quickly withdrew again, when she felt upon it the
burning pressure of his lips.  'Rise! and if thou art serious, if thy
language be in earnest...'

'If!' said he tenderly.

'Well, then, listen to me: you have been my guardian, my friend, my
monitor; for this new character I was not prepared--think not,' she
added quickly, as she saw his dark eyes glitter with the fierceness of
his passion--'think not that I scorn--that I am untouched--that I am not
honored by this homage; but, say--canst thou hear me calmly?'

'Ay, though thy words were lightning, and could blast me!'

'I love another!' said Ione, blushingly, but in a firm voice.

'By the gods--by hell!' shouted Arbaces, rising to his fullest height;
'dare not tell me that--dare not mock me--it is impossible!--Whom hast
thou seen--whom known?  Oh, Ione, it is thy woman's invention, thy
woman's art that speaks--thou wouldst gain time; I have surprised--I
have terrified thee.  Do with me as thou wilt--say that thou lovest not
me; but say not that thou lovest another!'

'Alas!' began Ione; and then, appalled before his sudden and
unlooked-for violence, she burst into tears.

Arbaces came nearer to her--his breath glowed fiercely on her cheek; he
wound his arms round her--she sprang from his embrace.  In the struggle
a tablet fell from her bosom on the ground: Arbaces perceived, and
seized it--it was the letter that morning received from Glaucus.  Ione
sank upon the couch, half dead with terror.

Rapidly the eyes of Arbaces ran over the writing; the Neapolitan did not
dare to gaze upon him: she did not see the deadly paleness that came
over his countenance--she marked not his withering frown, nor the
quivering of his lip, nor the convulsions that heaved his breast.  He
read it to the end, and then, as the letter fell from his hand, he said,
in a voice of deceitful calmness:

'Is the writer of this the man thou lovest?'

Ione sobbed, but answered not.

'Speak!' he rather shrieked than said.

'It is--it is!

'And his name--it is written here--his name is Glaucus!'

Ione, clasping her hands, looked round as for succour or escape.

'Then hear me,' said Arbaces, sinking his voice into a whisper; 'thou
shalt go to thy tomb rather than to his arms!  What! thinkest thou
Arbaces will brook a rival such as this puny Greek?  What! thinkest thou
that he has watched the fruit ripen, to yield it to another!  Pretty
fool--no!  Thou art mine--all--only mine: and thus--thus I seize and
claim thee!' As he spoke, he caught Ione in his arms; and, in that
ferocious grasp, was all the energy--less of love than of revenge.

But to Ione despair gave supernatural strength: she again tore herself
from him--she rushed to that part of the room by which she had
entered--she half withdrew the curtain--he had seized her--again she
broke away from him--and fell, exhausted, and with a loud shriek, at the
base of the column which supported the head of the Egyptian goddess.
Arbaces paused for a moment, as if to regain his breath; and thence once
more darted upon his prey.

At that instant the curtain was rudely torn aside, the Egyptian felt a
fierce and strong grasp upon his shoulder.  He turned--he beheld before
him the flashing eyes of Glaucus, and the pale, worn, but menacing,
countenance of Apaecides.  'Ah,' he muttered, as he glared from one to
the other, 'what Fury hath sent ye hither?'

'Ate,' answered Glaucus; and he closed at once with the Egyptian.
Meanwhile, Apaecides raised his sister, now lifeless, from the ground;
his strength, exhausted by a mind long overwrought, did not suffice to
bear her away, light and delicate though her shape: he placed her,
therefore, on the couch, and stood over her with a brandishing knife,
watching the contest between Glaucus and the Egyptian, and ready to
plunge his weapon in the bosom of Arbaces should he be victorious in the
struggle.  There is, perhaps, nothing on earth so terrible as the naked
and unarmed contest of animal strength, no weapon but those which Nature
supplies to rage.  Both the antagonists were now locked in each other's
grasp--the hand of each seeking the throat of the other--the face drawn
back--the fierce eyes flashing--the muscles strained--the veins
swelled--the lips apart--the teeth set--both were strong beyond the
ordinary power of men, both animated by relentless wrath; they coiled,
they wound, around each other; they rocked to and fro--they swayed from
end to end of their confined arena--they uttered cries of ire and
revenge--they were now before the altar--now at the base of the column
where the struggle had commenced: they drew back for breath--Arbaces
leaning against the column--Glaucus a few paces apart.

'O ancient goddess!' exclaimed Arbaces, clasping the column, and raising
his eyes toward the sacred image it supported, 'protect thy
chosen--proclaim they vengeance against this thing of an upstart creed,
who with sacrilegious violence profanes thy resting-place and assails
thy servant.'

As he spoke, the still and vast features of the goddess seemed suddenly
to glow with life; through the black marble, as through a transparent
veil, flushed luminously a crimson and burning hue; around the head
played and darted coruscations of livid lightning; the eyes became like
balls of lurid fire, and seemed fixed in withering and intolerable wrath
upon the countenance of the Greek.  Awed and appalled by this sudden and
mystic answer to the prayer of his foe, and not free from the hereditary
superstitions of his race, the cheeks of Glaucus paled before that
strange and ghastly animation of the marble--his knees knocked
together--he stood, seized with a divine panic, dismayed, aghast, half
unmanned before his foe! Arbaces gave him not breathing time to recover
his stupor: 'Die, wretch!' he shouted, in a voice of thunder, as he
sprang upon the Greek; 'the Mighty Mother claims thee as a living
sacrifice!' Taken thus by surprise in the first consternation of his
superstitious fears, the Greek lost his footing--the marble floor was as
smooth as glass--he slid--he fell. Arbaces planted his foot on the
breast of his fallen foe.  Apaecides, taught by his sacred profession,
as well as by his knowledge of Arbaces, to distrust all miraculous
interpositions, had not shared the dismay of his companion; he rushed
forward--his knife gleamed in the air--the watchful Egyptian caught his
arm as it descended--one wrench of his powerful hand tore the weapon
from the weak grasp of the priest--one sweeping blow stretched him to
the earth--with a loud and exulting yell Arbaces brandished the knife on
high. Glaucus gazed upon his impending fate with unwinking eyes, and in
the stern and scornful resignation of a fallen gladiator, when, at that
awful instant, the floor shook under them with a rapid and convulsive
throe--a mightier spirit than that of the Egyptian was abroad!--a giant
and crushing power, before which sunk into sudden impotence his passion
and his arts. IT woke--it stirred--that Dread Demon of the
Earthquake--laughing to scorn alike the magic of human guile and the
malice of human wrath.  As a Titan, on whom the mountains are piled, it
roused itself from the sleep of years, it moved on its tortured
couch--the caverns below groaned and trembled beneath the motion of its
limbs. In the moment of his vengeance and his power, the self-prized
demigod was humbled to his real clay.  Far and wide along the soil went
a hoarse and rumbling sound--the curtains of the chamber shook as at the
blast of a storm--the altar rocked--the tripod reeled, and high over the
place of contest, the column trembled and waved from side to side--the
sable head of the goddess tottered and fell from its pedestal--and as
the Egyptian stooped above his intended victim, right upon his bended
form, right between the shoulder and the neck, struck the marble mass!
The shock stretched him like the blow of death, at once, suddenly,
without sound or motion, or semblance of life, upon the floor,
apparently crushed by the very divinity he had impiously animated and

'The Earth has preserved her children,' said Glaucus, staggering to his
feet.  'Blessed be the dread convulsion!  Let us worship the providence
of the gods!' He assisted Apaecides to rise, and then turned upward the
face of Arbaces; it seemed locked as in death; blood gushed from the
Egyptian's lips over his glittering robes; he fell heavily from the arms
of Glaucus, and the red stream trickled slowly along the marble.  Again
the earth shook beneath their feet; they were forced to cling to each
other; the convulsion ceased as suddenly as it came; they tarried no
longer; Glaucus bore Ione lightly in his arms, and they fled from the
unhallowed spot.  But scarce had they entered the garden than they were
met on all sides by flying and disordered groups of women and slaves,
whose festive and glittering garments contrasted in mockery the solemn
terror of the hour; they did not appear to heed the strangers--they were
occupied only with their own fears.  After the tranquillity of sixteen
years, that burning and treacherous soil again menaced destruction; they
uttered but one cry, 'THE EARTHQUAKE!  THE EARTHQUAKE!' and passing
unmolested from the midst of them, Apaecides and his companions, without
entering the house, hastened down one of the alleys, passed a small open
gate, and there, sitting on a little mound over which spread the gloom
of the dark green aloes, the moonlight fell on the bended figure of the
blind girl--she was weeping bitterly.


Chapter I


IT was early noon, and the forum was crowded alike with the busy and the
idle.  As at Paris at this day, so at that time in the cities of Italy,
men lived almost wholly out of doors: the public buildings, the forum,
the porticoes, the baths, the temples themselves, might be considered
their real homes; it was no wonder that they decorated so gorgeously
these favorite places of resort--they felt for them a sort of domestic
affection as well as a public pride.  And animated was, indeed, the
aspect of the forum of Pompeii at that time!  Along its broad pavement,
composed of large flags of marble, were assembled various groups,
conversing in that energetic fashion which appropriates a gesture to
every word, and which is still the characteristic of the people of the
south.  Here, in seven stalls on one side the colonnade, sat the
money-changers, with their glittering heaps before them, and merchants
and seamen in various costumes crowding round their stalls.  On one
side, several men in long togas were seen bustling rapidly up to a
stately edifice, where the magistrates administered justice--these were
the lawyers, active, chattering, joking, and punning, as you may find
them at this day in Westminster.  In the centre of the space, pedestals
supported various statues, of which the most remarkable was the stately
form of Cicero.  Around the court ran a regular and symmetrical
colonnade of Doric architecture; and there several, whose business drew
them early to the place, were taking the slight morning repast which
made an Italian breakfast, talking vehemently on the earthquake of the
preceding night as they dipped pieces of bread in their cups of diluted
wine.  In the open space, too, you might perceive various petty traders
exercising the arts of their calling.  Here one man was holding out
ribands to a fair dame from the country; another man was vaunting to a
stout farmer the excellence of his shoes; a third, a kind of
stall-restaurateur, still so common in the Italian cities, was supplying
many a hungry mouth with hot messes from his small and itinerant stove,
while--contrast strongly typical of the mingled bustle and intellect of
the time--close by, a schoolmaster was expounding to his puzzled pupils
the elements of the Latin grammar.' A gallery above the portico, which
was ascended by small wooden staircases, had also its throng; though, as
here the immediate business of the place was mainly carried on, its
groups wore a more quiet and serious air.

Every now and then the crowd below respectfully gave way as some senator
swept along to the Temple of Jupiter (which filled up one side of the
forum, and was the senators' hall of meeting), nodding with ostentatious
condescension to such of his friends or clients as he distinguished
amongst the throng.  Mingling amidst the gay dresses of the better
orders you saw the hardy forms of the neighboring farmers, as they made
their way to the public granaries.  Hard by the temple you caught a view
of the triumphal arch, and the long street beyond swarming with
inhabitants; in one of the niches of the arch a fountain played,
cheerily sparkling in the sunbeams; and above its cornice rose the
bronzed and equestrian statue of Caligula, strongly contrasting the gay
summer skies.  Behind the stalls of the money-changers was that building
now called the Pantheon; and a crowd of the poorer Pompeians passed
through the small vestibule which admitted to the interior, with
panniers under their arms, pressing on towards a platform, placed
between two columns, where such provisions as the priests had rescued
from sacrifice were exposed for sale.

At one of the public edifices appropriated to the business of the city,
workmen were employed upon the columns, and you heard the noise of their
labor every now and then rising above the hum of the multitude: the
columns are unfinished to this day!

All, then, united, nothing could exceed in variety the costumes, the
ranks, the manners, the occupations of the crowd--nothing could exceed
the bustle, the gaiety, the animation--where pleasure and commerce,
idleness and labor, avarice and ambition, mingled in one gulf their
motley rushing, yet harmonius, streams.

Facing the steps of the Temple of Jupiter, with folded arms, and a knit
and contemptuous brow, stood a man of about fifty years of age. His
dress was remarkably plain--not so much from its material, as from the
absence of all those ornaments which were worn by the Pompeians of every
rank--partly from the love of show, partly, also, because they were
chiefly wrought into those shapes deemed most efficacious in resisting
the assaults of magic and the influence of the evil eye.  His forehead
was high and bald; the few locks that remained at the back of the head
were concealed by a sort of cowl, which made a part of his cloak, to be
raised or lowered at pleasure, and was now drawn half-way over the head,
as a protection from the rays of the sun. The color of his garments was
brown, no popular hue with the Pompeians; all the usual admixtures of
scarlet or purple seemed carefully excluded.  His belt, or girdle,
contained a small receptacle for ink, which hooked on to the girdle, a
stilus (or implement of writing), and tablets of no ordinary size.  What
was rather remarkable, the cincture held no purse, which was the almost
indispensable appurtenance of the girdle, even when that purse had the
misfortune to be empty!

It was not often that the gay and egotistical Pompeians busied
themselves with observing the countenances and actions of their
neighbors; but there was that in the lip and eye of this bystander so
remarkably bitter and disdainful, as he surveyed the religious
procession sweeping up the stairs of the temple, that it could not fail
to arrest the notice of many.

'Who is yon cynic?' asked a merchant of his companion, a jeweller.

'It is Olinthus,' replied the jeweller; 'a reputed Nazarene.'

The merchant shuddered.  'A dread sect!' said he, in a whispered and
fearful voice.  'It is said that when they meet at nights they always
commence their ceremonies by the murder of a new-born babe; they profess
a community of goods, too--the wretches!  A community of goods!  What
would become of merchants, or jewellers either, if such notions were in

'That is very true,' said the jeweller; 'besides, they wear no
jewels--they mutter imprecations when they see a serpent; and at Pompeii
all our ornaments are serpentine.'

'Do but observe,' said a third, who was a fabricant of bronze, 'how yon
Nazarene scowls at the piety of the sacrificial procession. He is
murmuring curses on the temple, be sure.  Do you know, Celcinus, that
this fellow, passing by my shop the other day, and seeing me employed on
a statue of Minerva, told me with a frown that, had it been marble, he
would have broken it; but the bronze was too strong for him.  "Break a
goddess!" said I.  "A goddess!" answered the atheist; "it is a demon--an
evil spirit!" Then he passed on his way cursing.  Are such things to be
borne?  What marvel that the earth heaved so fearfully last night,
anxious to reject the atheist from her bosom?--An atheist, do I say?
worse still--a scorner of the Fine Arts! Woe to us fabricants of bronze,
if such fellows as this give the law to society!'

'These are the incendiaries that burnt Rome under Nero,' groaned the

While such were the friendly remarks provoked by the air and faith of
the Nazarene, Olinthus himself became sensible of the effect he was
producing; he turned his eyes round, and observed the intent faces of
the accumulating throng, whispering as they gazed; and surveying them
for a moment with an expression, first of defiance and afterwards of
compassion, he gathered his cloak round him and passed on, muttering
audibly, 'Deluded idolaters!--did not last night's convulsion warn ye?
Alas! how will ye meet the last day?'

The crowd that heard these boding words gave them different
interpretations, according to their different shades of ignorance and of
fear; all, however, concurred in imagining them to convey some awful
imprecation.  They regarded the Christian as the enemy of mankind; the
epithets they lavished upon him, of which 'Atheist' was the most favored
and frequent, may serve, perhaps, to warn us, believers of that same
creed now triumphant, how we indulge the persecution of opinion Olinthus
then underwent, and how we apply to those whose notions differ from our
own the terms at that day lavished on the fathers of our faith.

As Olinthus stalked through the crowd, and gained one of the more
private places of egress from the forum, he perceived gazing upon him a
pale and earnest countenance, which he was not slow to recognize.

Wrapped in a pallium that partially concealed his sacred robes, the
young Apaecides surveyed the disciple of that new and mysterious creed,
to which at one time he had been half a convert.

'Is he, too, an impostor?  Does this man, so plain and simple in life,
in garb, in mien--does he too, like Arbaces, make austerity the robe of
the sensualist?  Does the veil of Vesta hide the vices of the

Olinthus, accustomed to men of all classes, and combining with the
enthusiasm of his faith a profound experience of his kind, guessed,
perhaps, by the index of the countenance, something of what passed
within the breast of the priest.  He met the survey of Apaecides with a
steady eye, and a brow of serene and open candour.

'Peace be with thee!' said he, saluting Apaecides.

'Peace!' echoed the priest, in so hollow a tone that it went at once to
the heart of the Nazarene.

'In that wish,' continued Olinthus, 'all good things are
combined--without virtue thou canst not have peace.  Like the rainbow,
Peace rests upon the earth, but its arch is lost in heaven.  Heaven
bathes it in hues of light--it springs up amidst tears and clouds--it is
a reflection of the Eternal Sun--it is an assurance of calm--it is the
sign of a great covenant between Man and God.  Such peace, O young man!
is the smile of the soul; it is an emanation from the distant orb of
immortal light.  PEACE be with you!'

'Alas!' began Apaecides, when he caught the gaze of the curious
loiterers, inquisitive to know what could possibly be the theme of
conversation between a reputed Nazarene and a priest of Isis.  He
stopped short, and then added in a low tone: 'We cannot converse here, I
will follow thee to the banks of the river; there is a walk which at
this time is usually deserted and solitary.'

Olinthus bowed assent.  He passed through the streets with a hasty step,
but a quick and observant eye.  Every now and then he exchanged a
significant glance, a slight sign, with some passenger, whose garb
usually betokened the wearer to belong to the humbler classes; for
Christianity was in this the type of all other and less mighty
revolutions--the grain of mustard-seed was in the heart of the lowly.
Amidst the huts of poverty and labor, the vast stream which afterwards
poured its broad waters beside the cities and palaces of earth took its
neglected source.

Chapter II


'BUT tell me, Glaucus,' said Ione, as they glided down the rippling
Sarnus in their boat of pleasure, 'how camest thou with Apaecides to my
rescue from that bad man?'

'Ask Nydia yonder,' answered the Athenian, pointing to the blind girl,
who sat at a little distance from them, leaning pensively over her lyre;
'she must have thy thanks, not we.  It seems that she came to my house,
and, finding me from home, sought thy brother in his temple; he
accompanied her to Arbaces; on their way they encountered me, with a
company of friends, whom thy kind letter had given me a spirit cheerful
enough to join.  Nydia's quick ear detected my voice--a few words
sufficed to make me the companion of Apaecides; I told not my associates
why I left them--could I trust thy name to their light tongues and
gossiping opinion?--Nydia led us to the garden gate, by which we
afterwards bore thee--we entered, and were about to plunge into the
mysteries of that evil house, when we heard thy cry in another
direction.  Thou knowest the rest.'

Ione blushed deeply.  She then raised her eyes to those of Glaucus, and
he felt all the thanks she could not utter.  'Come hither, my Nydia,'
said she, tenderly, to the Thessalian.

'Did I not tell thee that thou shouldst be my sister and friend? Hast
thou not already been more?--my guardian, my preserver!'

'It is nothing,' answered Nydia coldly, and without stirring.

'Ah! I forgot,' continued Ione, 'I should come to thee'; and she moved
along the benches till she reached the place where Nydia sat, and
flinging her arms caressingly round her, covered her cheeks with kisses.

Nydia was that morning paler than her wont, and her countenance grew
even more wan and colorless as she submitted to the embrace of the
beautiful Neapolitan.  'But how camest thou, Nydia,' whispered Ione, 'to
surmise so faithfully the danger I was exposed to?  Didst thou know
aught of the Egyptian?'

'Yes, I knew of his vices.'

'And how?'

'Noble Ione, I have been a slave to the vicious--those whom I served
were his minions.'

'And thou hast entered his house since thou knewest so well that private

'I have played on my lyre to Arbaces,' answered the Thessalian, with

'And thou hast escaped the contagion from which thou hast saved Ione?'
returned the Neapolitan, in a voice too low for the ear of Glaucus.

'Noble Ione, I have neither beauty nor station; I am a child, and a
slave, and blind.  The despicable are ever safe.'

It was with a pained, and proud, and indignant tone that Nydia made this
humble reply; and Ione felt that she only wounded Nydia by pursuing the
subject.  She remained silent, and the bark now floated into the sea.

'Confess that I was right, Ione,' said Glaucus, 'in prevailing on thee
not to waste this beautiful noon in thy chamber--confess that I was

'Thou wert right, Glaucus,' said Nydia, abruptly.

'The dear child speaks for thee,' returned the Athenian.  'But permit me
to move opposite to thee, or our light boat will be over-balanced.'

So saying, he took his seat exactly opposite to Ione, and leaning
forward, he fancied that it was her breath, and not the winds of summer,
that flung fragrance over the sea.

'Thou wert to tell me,' said Glaucus, 'why for so many days thy door was
closed to me?'

'Oh, think of it no more!' answered Ione, quickly; 'I gave my ear to
what I now know was the malice of slander.'

'And my slanderer was the Egyptian?'

Ione's silence assented to the question.

'His motives are sufficiently obvious.'

'Talk not of him,' said Ione, covering her face with her hands, as if to
shut out his very thought.

'Perhaps he may be already by the banks of the slow Styx,' resumed
Glaucus; 'yet in that case we should probably have heard of his death.
Thy brother, methinks, hath felt the dark influence of his gloomy soul.
When we arrived last night at thy house he left me abruptly. Will he
ever vouchsafe to be my friend?'

'He is consumed with some secret care,' answered Ione, tearfully.
'Would that we could lure him from himself!  Let us join in that tender

'He shall be my brother,' returned the Greek.

'How calmly,' said Ione, rousing herself from the gloom into which her
thoughts of Apaecides had plunged her--'how calmly the clouds seem to
repose in heaven; and yet you tell me, for I knew it not myself, that
the earth shook beneath us last night.'

'It did, and more violently, they say, than it has done since the great
convulsion sixteen years ago: the land we live in yet nurses mysterious
terror; and the reign of Pluto, which spreads beneath our burning
fields, seems rent with unseen commotion.  Didst thou not feel the earth
quake, Nydia, where thou wert seated last night?  and was it not the
fear that it occasioned thee that made thee weep?'

'I felt the soil creep and heave beneath me, like some monstrous
serpent,' answered Nydia; 'but as I saw nothing, I did not fear: I
imagined the convulsion to be a spell of the Egyptian's.  They say he
has power over the elements.'

'Thou art a Thessalian, my Nydia,' replied Glaucus, 'and hast a national
right to believe in magic.

'Magic!--who doubts it?' answered Nydia, simply: 'dost thou?'

'Until last night (when a necromantic prodigy did indeed appal me),
methinks I was not credulous in any other magic save that of love!' said
Glaucus, in a tremulous voice, and fixing his eyes on Ione.

'Ah!' said Nydia, with a sort of shiver, and she awoke mechanically a
few pleasing notes from her lyre; the sound suited well the tranquility
of the waters, and the sunny stillness of the noon.

'Play to us, dear Nydia, said Glaucus--'play and give us one of thine
old Thessalian songs: whether it be of magic or not, as thou wilt--let
it, at least, be of love!'

'Of love!' repeated Nydia, raising her large, wandering eyes, that ever
thrilled those who saw them with a mingled fear and pity; you could
never familiarize yourself to their aspect: so strange did it seem that
those dark wild orbs were ignorant of the day, and either so fixed was
their deep mysterious gaze, or so restless and perturbed their glance,
that you felt, when you encountered them, that same vague, and chilling,
and half-preternatural impression, which comes over you in the presence
of the insane--of those who, having a life outwardly like your own, have
a life within life--dissimilar--unsearchable--unguessed!

'Will you that I should sing of love?' said she, fixing those eyes upon

'Yes,' replied he, looking down.

She moved a little way from the arm of Ione, still cast round her, as if
that soft embrace embarrassed; and placing her light and graceful
instrument on her knee, after a short prelude, she sang the following

               NYDIA'S LOVE-SONG


         The Wind and the Beam loved the Rose,
           And the Rose loved one;
          For who recks the wind where it blows?
          Or loves not the sun?


         None knew whence the humble Wind stole,
           Poor sport of the skies--
         None dreamt that the Wind had a soul,
           In its mournful sighs!


         Oh, happy Beam! how canst thou prove
           That bright love of thine?
          In thy light is the proof of thy love.
           Thou hast but--to shine!


         How its love can the Wind reveal?
           Unwelcome its sigh;
          Mute--mute to its Rose let it steal--
          Its proof is--to die!

'Thou singest but sadly, sweet girl,' said Glaucus; 'thy youth only
feels as yet the dark shadow of Love; far other inspiration doth he
wake, when he himself bursts and brightens upon us.

'I sing as I was taught,' replied Nydia, sighing.

'Thy master was love-crossed, then--try thy hand at a gayer air. Nay,
girl, give the instrument to me.' As Nydia obeyed, her hand touched his,
and, with that slight touch, her breast heaved--her cheek flushed.  Ione
and Glaucus, occupied with each other, perceived not those signs of
strange and premature emotions, which preyed upon a heart that,
nourished by imagination, dispensed with hope.

And now, broad, blue, bright, before them, spread that halcyon sea, fair
as at this moment, seventeen centuries from that date, I behold it
rippling on the same divinest shores.  Clime that yet enervates with a
soft and Circean spell--that moulds us insensibly, mysteriously, into
harmony with thyself, banishing the thought of austerer labor, the
voices of wild ambition, the contests and the roar of life; filling us
with gentle and subduing dreams, making necessary to our nature that
which is its least earthly portion, so that the very air inspires us
with the yearning and thirst of love. Whoever visits thee seems to leave
earth and its harsh cares behind--to enter by the Ivory gate into the
Land of Dreams.  The young and laughing Hours of the PRESENT--the Hours,
those children of Saturn, which he hungers ever to devour, seem snatched
from his grasp.  The past--the future--are forgotten; we enjoy but the
breathing time. Flower of the world's garden--Fountain of Delight--Italy
of Italy--beautiful, benign Campania!--vain were, indeed, the Titans, if
on this spot they yet struggled for another heaven!  Here, if God meant
this working-day life for a perpetual holiday, who would not sigh to
dwell for ever--asking nothing, hoping nothing, fearing nothing, while
thy skies shine over him--while thy seas sparkle at his feet--while
thine air brought him sweet messages from the violet and the orange--and
while the heart, resigned to--beating with--but one emotion, could find
the lips and the eyes, which flatter it (vanity of vanities!) that love
can defy custom, and be eternal?

It was then in this clime--on those seas, that the Athenian gazed upon a
face that might have suited the nymph, the spirit of the place: feeding
his eyes on the changeful roses of that softest cheek, happy beyond the
happiness of common life, loving, and knowing himself beloved.

In the tale of human passion, in past ages, there is something of
interest even in the remoteness of the time.  We love to feel within us
the bond which unites the most distant era--men, nations, customs
perish; THE AFFECTIONS ARE IMMORTAL!--they are the sympathies which
unite the ceaseless generations.  The past lives again, when we look
upon its emotions--it lives in our own!  That which was, ever is!  The
magician's gift, that revives the dead--that animates the dust of
forgotten graves, is not in the author's skill--it is in the heart of
the reader!

Still vainly seeking the eyes of Ione, as, half downcast, half averted,
they shunned his own, the Athenian, in a low and soft voice, thus
expressed the feelings inspired by happier thoughts than those which had
colored the song of Nydia.


   As the bark floateth on o'er the summer-lit sea,
    Floats my heart o'er the deeps of its passion for thee;
    All lost in the space, without terror it glides,
    For bright with thy soul is the face of the tides.
    Now heaving, now hush'd, is that passionate ocean,
    As it catches thy smile or thy sighs;
    And the twin-stars that shine on the wanderer's devotion
    Its guide and its god--are thine eyes!


   The bark may go down, should the cloud sweep above,
    For its being is bound to the light of thy love.
    As thy faith and thy smile are its life and its joy,
    So thy frown or thy change are the storms that destroy.
    Ah! sweeter to sink while the sky is serene,
     If time hath a change for thy heart!
    If to live be to weep over what thou hast been,
     Let me die while I know what thou art!

As the last words of the song trembled over the sea, Ione raised her
looks--they met those of her lover.  Happy Nydia!--happy in thy
affliction, that thou couldst not see that fascinated and charmed gaze,
that said so much--that made the eye the voice of the soul--that
promised the impossibility of change!

But, though the Thessalian could not detect that gaze, she divined its
meaning by their silence--by their sighs.  She pressed her hands lightly
across her breast, as if to keep down its bitter and jealous thoughts;
and then she hastened to speak--for that silence was intolerable to her.

'After all, O Glaucus!' said she, 'there is nothing very mirthful in
your strain!'

'Yet I meant it to be so, when I took up thy lyre, pretty one. Perhaps
happiness will not permit us to be mirthful.'

'How strange is it,' said Ione, changing a conversation which oppressed
her while it charmed--'that for the last several days yonder cloud has
hung motionless over Vesuvius!  Yet not indeed motionless, for sometimes
it changes its form; and now methinks it looks like some vast giant,
with an arm outstretched over the city.  Dost thou see the likeness--or
is it only to my fancy?'

'Fair Ione!  I see it also.  It is astonishingly distinct.  The giant
seems seated on the brow of the mountain, the different shades of the
cloud appear to form a white robe that sweeps over its vast breast and
limbs; it seems to gaze with a steady face upon the city below, to point
with one hand, as thou sayest, over its glittering streets, and to raise
the other (dost thou note it?) towards the higher heaven. It is like the
ghost of some huge Titan brooding over the beautiful world he lost;
sorrowful for the past--yet with something of menace for the future.'

'Could that mountain have any connection with the last night's
earthquake? They say that, ages ago, almost in the earliest era of
tradition, it gave forth fires as AEtna still.  Perhaps the flames yet
lurk and dart beneath.'

'It is possible,' said Glaucus, musingly.

'Thou sayest thou art slow to believe in magic,' said Nydia, suddenly.
'I have heard that a potent witch dwells amongst the scorched caverns of
the mountain, and yon cloud may be the dim shadow of the demon she
confers with.'

'Thou art full of the romance of thy native Thessaly,' said Glaucus;
'and a strange mixture of sense and all conflicting superstitions.'

'We are ever superstitious in the dark,' replied Nydia.  'Tell me,' she
added, after a slight pause, 'tell me, O Glaucus! do all that are
beautiful resemble each other?  They say you are beautiful, and Ione
also.  Are your faces then the same?  I fancy not, yet it ought to be

'Fancy no such grievous wrong to Ione,' answered Glaucus, laughing.
'But we do not, alas! resemble each other, as the homely and the
beautiful sometimes do.  Ione's hair is dark, mine light; Ione's eyes
are--what color, Ione?  I cannot see, turn them to me.  Oh, are they
black? no, they are too soft. Are they blue? no, they are too deep: they
change with every ray of the sun--I know not their color: but mine,
sweet Nydia, are grey, and bright only when Ione shines on them!  Ione's
cheek is...'

'I do not understand one word of thy description,' interrupted Nydia,
peevishly.  'I comprehend only that you do not resemble each other, and
I am glad of it.'

'Why, Nydia?' said Ione.

Nydia colored slightly.  'Because,' she replied, coldly, 'I have always
imagined you under different forms, and one likes to know one is right.'

'And what hast thou imagined Glaucus to resemble?' asked Ione, softly.

'Music!' replied Nydia, looking down.

'Thou art right,' thought Ione.

'And what likeness hast thou ascribed to Ione?'

'I cannot tell yet,' answered the blind girl; 'I have not yet known her
long enough to find a shape and sign for my guesses.'

'I will tell thee, then,' said Glaucus, passionately; 'she is like the
sun that warms--like the wave that refreshes.'

'The sun sometimes scorches, and the wave sometimes drowns,' answered

'Take then these roses,' said Glaucus; 'let their fragrance suggest to
thee Ione.'

'Alas, the roses will fade!' said the Neapolitan, archly.

Thus conversing, they wore away the hours; the lovers, conscious only of
the brightness and smiles of love; the blind girl feeling only its
darkness--its tortures--the fierceness of jealousy and its woe!

And now, as they drifted on, Glaucus once more resumed the lyre, and
woke its strings with a careless hand to a strain, so wildly and gladly
beautiful, that even Nydia was aroused from her reverie, and uttered a
cry of admiration.

'Thou seest, my child,' cried Glaucus, 'that I can yet redeem the
character of love's music, and that I was wrong in saying happiness
could not be gay. Listen, Nydia! listen, dear Ione! and hear:

             THE BIRTH OF LOVE


         Like a Star in the seas above,
             Like a Dream to the waves of sleep--
        Up--up--THE INCARNATE LOVE--
            She rose from the charmed deep!
          And over the Cyprian Isle
          The skies shed their silent smile;
          And the Forest's green heart was rife
          With the stir of the gushing life--
         The life that had leap'd to birth,
          In the veins of the happy earth!
                Hail! oh, hail!
          The dimmest sea-cave below thee,
             The farthest sky-arch above,
          In their innermost stillness know thee:
             And heave with the Birth of Love!
                Gale! soft Gale!
          Thou comest on thy silver winglets,
             From thy home in the tender west,
          Now fanning her golden ringlets,
             Now hush'd on her heaving breast.
          And afar on the murmuring sand,
          The Seasons wait hand in hand
          To welcome thee, Birth Divine,
          To the earth which is henceforth thine.


         Behold! how she kneels in the shell,
          Bright pearl in its floating cell!
          Behold! how the shell's rose-hues,
             The cheek and the breast of snow,
          And the delicate limbs suffuse,
             Like a blush, with a bashful glow.
          Sailing on, slowly sailing
             O'er the wild water;
          All hail! as the fond light is hailing
             Her daughter,
                   All hail!
          We are thine, all thine evermore:
          Not a leaf on the laughing shore,
          Not a wave on the heaving sea,
             Nor a single sigh
             In the boundless sky,
          But is vow'd evermore to thee!


         And thou, my beloved one--thou,
           As I gaze on thy soft eyes now,
          Methinks from their depths I view
          The Holy Birth born anew;
          Thy lids are the gentle cell
             Where the young Love blushing lies;
          See! she breaks from the mystic shell,
             She comes from thy tender eyes!
                Hail! all hail!
          She comes, as she came from the sea,
          To my soul as it looks on thee;
             She comes, she comes!
          She comes, as she came from the sea,
          To my soul as it looks on thee!
                Hail! all hail!

Chapter III


FOLLOWED by Apaecides, the Nazarene gained the side of the Sarnus--that
river, which now has shrunk into a petty stream, then rushed gaily into
the sea, covered with countless vessels, and reflecting on its waves the
gardens, the vines, the palaces, and the temples of Pompeii.  From its
more noisy and frequented banks, Olinthus directed his steps to a path
which ran amidst a shady vista of trees, at the distance of a few paces
from the river.  This walk was in the evening a favorite resort of the
Pompeians, but during the heat and business of the day was seldom
visited, save by some groups of playful children, some meditative poet,
or some disputative philosophers.  At the side farthest from the river,
frequent copses of box interspersed the more delicate and evanescent
foliage, and these were cut into a thousand quaint shapes, sometimes
into the forms of fauns and satyrs, sometimes into the mimicry of
Egyptian pyramids, sometimes into the letters that composed the name of
a popular or eminent citizen.  Thus the false taste is equally ancient
as the pure; and the retired traders of Hackney and Paddington, a
century ago, were little aware, perhaps, that in their tortured yews and
sculptured box, they found their models in the most polished period of
Roman antiquity, in the gardens of Pompeii, and the villas of the
fastidious Pliny.

This walk now, as the noonday sun shone perpendicularly through the
chequered leaves, was entirely deserted; at least no other forms than
those of Olinthus and the priest infringed upon the solitude. They sat
themselves on one of the benches, placed at intervals between the trees,
and facing the faint breeze that came languidly from the river, whose
waves danced and sparkled before them--a singular and contrasted pair;
the believer in the latest--the priest of the most ancient--worship of
the world!

'Since thou leftst me so abruptly,' said Olinthus, 'hast thou been
happy? has thy heart found contentment under these priestly robes? hast
thou, still yearning for the voice of God, heard it whisper comfort to
thee from the oracles of Isis?  That sigh, that averted countenance,
give me the answer my soul predicted.'

'Alas!' answered Apaecides, sadly, 'thou seest before thee a wretched
and distracted man!  From my childhood upward I have idolized the dreams
of virtue!  I have envied the holiness of men who, in caves and lonely
temples, have been admitted to the companionship of beings above the
world; my days have been consumed with feverish and vague desires; my
nights with mocking but solemn visions.  Seduced by the mystic
prophecies of an impostor, I have indued these robes;--my nature (I
confess it to thee frankly)--my nature has revolted at what I have seen
and been doomed to share in! Searching after truth, I have become but
the minister of falsehoods. On the evening in which we last met, I was
buoyed by hopes created by that same impostor, whom I ought already to
have better known.  I have--no matter--no matter! suffice it, I have
added perjury and sin to rashness and to sorrow.  The veil is now rent
for ever from my eyes; I behold a villain where I obeyed a demigod; the
earth darkens in my sight; I am in the deepest abyss of gloom; I know
not if there be gods above; if we are the things of chance; if beyond
the bounded and melancholy present there is annihilation or an
hereafter--tell me, then, thy faith; solve me these doubts, if thou hast
indeed the power!'

'I do not marvel,' answered the Nazarene, 'that thou hast thus erred, or
that thou art thus sceptic.  Eighty years ago there was no assurance to
man of God, or of a certain and definite future beyond the grave.  New
laws are declared to him who has ears--a heaven, a true Olympus, is
revealed to him who has eyes--heed then, and listen.'

And with all the earnestness of a man believing ardently himself, and
zealous to convert, the Nazarene poured forth to Apaecides the
assurances of Scriptural promise.  He spoke first of the sufferings and
miracles of Christ--he wept as he spoke: he turned next to the glories
of the Saviour's Ascension--to the clear predictions of Revelation.  He
described that pure and unsensual heaven destined to the virtuous--those
fires and torments that were the doom of guilt.

The doubts which spring up to the mind of later reasoners, in the
immensity of the sacrifice of God to man, were not such as would occur
to an early heathen.  He had been accustomed to believe that the gods
had lived upon earth, and taken upon themselves the forms of men; had
shared in human passions, in human labours, and in human misfortunes.
What was the travail of his own Alcmena's son, whose altars now smoked
with the incense of countless cities, but a toil for the human race?
Had not the great Dorian Apollo expiated a mystic sin by descending to
the grave?  Those who were the deities of heaven had been the lawgivers
or benefactors on earth, and gratitude had led to worship.  It seemed
therefore, to the heathen, a doctrine neither new nor strange, that
Christ had been sent from heaven, that an immortal had indued mortality,
and tasted the bitterness of death. And the end for which He thus toiled
and thus suffered--how far more glorious did it seem to Apaecides than
that for which the deities of old had visited the nether world, and
passed through the gates of death!  Was it not worthy of a God to,
descend to these dim valleys, in order to clear up the clouds gathered
over the dark mount beyond--to satisfy the doubts of sages--to convert
speculation into certainty--by example to point out the rules of
life--by revelation to solve the enigma of the grave--and to prove that
the soul did not yearn in vain when it dreamed of an immortality?  In
this last was the great argument of those lowly men destined to convert
the earth.  As nothing is more flattering to the pride and the hopes of
man than the belief in a future state, so nothing could be more vague
and confused than the notions of the heathen sages upon that mystic
subject. Apaecides had already learned that the faith of the
philosophers was not that of the herd; that if they secretly professed a
creed in some diviner power, it was not the creed which they thought it
wise to impart to the community.  He had already learned, that even the
priest ridiculed what he preached to the people--that the notions of the
few and the many were never united.  But, in this new faith, it seemed
to him that philosopher, priest, and people, the expounders of the
religion and its followers, were alike accordant: they did not speculate
and debate upon immortality, they spoke of as a thing certain and
assured; the magnificence of the promise dazzled him--its consolations
soothed. For the Christian faith made its early converts among sinners!
many of its fathers and its martyrs were those who had felt the
bitterness of vice, and who were therefore no longer tempted by its
false aspect from the paths of an austere and uncompromising virtue.
All the assurances of this healing faith invited to repentance--they
were peculiarly adapted to the bruised and sore of spirit! the very
remorse which Apaecides felt for his late excesses, made him incline to
one who found holiness in that remorse, and who whispered of the joy in
heaven over one sinner that repenteth.

'Come,' said the Nazarene, as he perceived the effect he had produced,
'come to the humble hall in which we meet--a select and a chosen few;
listen there to our prayers; note the sincerity of our repentant tears;
mingle in our simple sacrifice--not of victims, nor of garlands, but
offered by white-robed thoughts upon the altar of the heart.  The
flowers that we lay there are imperishable--they bloom over us when we
are no more; nay, they accompany us beyond the grave, they spring up
beneath our feet in heaven, they delight us with an eternal odor, for
they are of the soul, they partake of its nature; these offerings are
temptations overcome, and sins repented. Come, oh come! lose not another
moment; prepare already for the great, the awful journey, from darkness
to light, from sorrow to bliss, from corruption to immortality!  This is
the day of the Lord the Son, a day that we have set apart for our
devotions.  Though we meet usually at night, yet some amongst us are
gathered together even now.  What joy, what triumph, will be with us
all, if we can bring one stray lamb into the sacred fold!'

There seemed to Apaecides, so naturally pure of heart, something
ineffably generous and benign in that spirit of conversation which
animated Olinthus--a spirit that found its own bliss in the happiness of
others--that sought in its wide sociality to make companions for
eternity.  He was touched, softened, and subdued.  He was not in that
mood which can bear to be left alone; curiosity, too, mingled with his
purer stimulants--he was anxious to see those rites of which so many
dark and contradictory rumours were afloat.  He paused a moment, looked
over his garb, thought of Arbaces, shuddered with horror, lifted his
eyes to the broad brow of the Nazarene, intent, anxious, watchful--but
for his benefits, for his salvation!  He drew his cloak round him, so as
wholly to conceal his robes, and said, 'Lead on, I follow thee.'

Olinthus pressed his hand joyfully, and then descending to the river
side, hailed one of the boats that plyed there constantly; they entered
it; an awning overhead, while it sheltered them from the sun, screened
also their persons from observation: they rapidly skimmed the wave.
From one of the boats that passed them floated a soft music, and its
prow was decorated with flowers--it was gliding towards the sea.

'So,' said Olinthus, sadly, 'unconscious and mirthful in their
delusions, sail the votaries of luxury into the great ocean of storm and
shipwreck! we pass them, silent and unnoticed, to gain the land.'

Apaecides, lifting his eyes, caught through the aperture in the awning a
glimpse of the face of one of the inmates of that gay bark--it was the
face of Ione.  The lovers were embarked on the excursion at which we
have been made present.  The priest sighed, and once more sunk back upon
his seat. They reached the shore where, in the suburbs, an alley of
small and mean houses stretched towards the bank; they dismissed the
boat, landed, and Olinthus, preceding the priest, threaded the labyrinth
of lanes, and arrived at last at the closed door of a habitation
somewhat larger than its neighbors.  He knocked thrice--the door was
opened and closed again, as Apaecides followed his guide across the

They passed a deserted atrium, and gained an inner chamber of moderate
size, which, when the door was closed, received its only light from a
small window cut over the door itself.  But, halting at the threshold of
this chamber, and knocking at the door, Olinthus said, 'Peace be with
you!' A voice from within returned, 'Peace with whom?' 'The Faithful!'
answered Olinthus, and the door opened; twelve or fourteen persons were
sitting in a semicircle, silent, and seemingly absorbed in thought, and
opposite to a crucifix rudely carved in wood.

They lifted up their eyes when Olinthus entered, without speaking; the
Nazarene himself, before he accosted them, knelt suddenly down, and by
his moving lips, and his eyes fixed steadfastly on the crucifix,
Apaecides saw that he prayed inly.  This rite performed, Olinthus turned
to the congregation--'Men and brethren,' said he, 'start not to behold
amongst you a priest of Isis; he hath sojourned with the blind, but the
Spirit hath fallen on him--he desires to see, to hear, and to

'Let him,' said one of the assembly; and Apaecides beheld in the speaker
a man still younger than himself, of a countenance equally worn and
pallid, of an eye which equally spoke of the restless and fiery
operations of a working mind.

'Let him,' repeated a second voice, and he who thus spoke was in the
prime of manhood; his bronzed skin and Asiatic features bespoke him a
son of Syria--he had been a robber in his youth.

'Let him,' said a third voice; and the priest, again turning to regard
the speaker, saw an old man with a long grey beard, whom he recognized
as a slave to the wealthy Diomed.

'Let him,' repeated simultaneously the rest--men who, with two
exceptions, were evidently of the inferior ranks.  In these exceptions,
Apaecides noted an officer of the guard, and an Alexandrian merchant.

'We do not,' recommenced Olinthus--'we do not bind you to secrecy; we
impose on you no oaths (as some of our weaker brethren would do) not to
betray us. It is true, indeed, that there is no absolute law against us;
but the multitude, more savage than their rulers, thirst for our lives.
So, my friends, when Pilate would have hesitated, it was the people who
shouted "Christ to the cross!" But we bind you not to our safety--no!
Betray us to the crowd--impeach, calumniate, malign us if you will--we
are above death, we should walk cheerfully to the den of the lion, or
the rack of the torturer--we can trample down the darkness of the grave,
and what is death to a criminal is eternity to the Christian.'

A low and applauding murmur ran through the assembly.

'Thou comest amongst us as an examiner, mayest thou remain a convert!
Our religion? you behold it!  Yon cross our sole image, yon scroll the
mysteries of our Caere and Eleusis!  Our morality? it is in our
lives!--sinners we all have been; who now can accuse us of a crime? we
have baptized ourselves from the past.  Think not that this is of us, it
is of God.  Approach, Medon,' beckoning to the old slave who had spoken
third for the admission of Apaecides, 'thou art the sole man amongst us
who is not free.  But in heaven, the last shall be first: so with us.
Unfold your scroll, read and explain.'

Useless would it be for us to accompany the lecture of Medon, or the
comments of the congregation.  Familiar now are those doctrines, then
strange and new.  Eighteen centuries have left us little to expound upon
the lore of Scripture or the life of Christ.  To us, too, there would
seem little congenial in the doubts that occurred to a heathen priest,
and little learned in the answers they receive from men uneducated,
rude, and simple, possessing only the knowledge that they were greater
than they seemed.

There was one thing that greatly touched the Neapolitan: when the
lecture was concluded, they heard a very gentle knock at the door; the
password was given, and replied to; the door opened, and two young
children, the eldest of whom might have told its seventh year, entered
timidly; they were the children of the master of the house, that dark
and hardy Syrian, whose youth had been spent in pillage and bloodshed.
The eldest of the congregation (it was that old slave) opened to them
his arms; they fled to the shelter--they crept to his breast--and his
hard features smiled as he caressed them.  And then these bold and
fervent men, nursed in vicissitude, beaten by the rough winds of
life--men of mailed and impervious fortitude, ready to affront a world,
prepared for torment and armed for death--men, who presented all
imaginable contrast to the weak nerves, the light hearts, the tender
fragility of childhood, crowded round the infants, smoothing their
rugged brows and composing their bearded lips to kindly and fostering
smiles: and then the old man opened the scroll and he taught the infants
to repeat after him that beautiful prayer which we still dedicate to the
Lord, and still teach to our children; and then he told them, in simple
phrase, of God's love to the young, and how not a sparrow falls but His
eye sees it.  This lovely custom of infant initiation was long cherished
by the early Church, in memory of the words which said, 'Suffer little
children to come unto me, and forbid them not'; and was perhaps the
origin of the superstitious calumny which ascribed to the Nazarenes the
crime which the Nazarenes, when victorious, attributed to the Jew, viz.
the decoying children to hideous rites, at which they were secretly

And the stern paternal penitent seemed to feel in the innocence of his
children a return into early life--life ere yet it sinned: he followed
the motion of their young lips with an earnest gaze; he smiled as they
repeated, with hushed and reverent looks, the holy words: and when the
lesson was done, and they ran, released, and gladly to his knee, he
clasped them to his breast, kissed them again and again, and tears
flowed fast down his cheek--tears, of which it would have been
impossible to trace the source, so mingled they were with joy and
sorrow, penitence and hope--remorse for himself and love for them!

Something, I say, there was in this scene which peculiarly affected
Apaecides; and, in truth, it is difficult to conceive a ceremony more
appropriate to the religion of benevolence, more appealing to the
household and everyday affections, striking a more sensitive chord in
the human breast.

It was at this time that an inner door opened gently, and a very old man
entered the chamber, leaning on a staff.  At his presence, the whole
congregation rose; there was an expression of deep, affectionate respect
upon every countenance; and Apaecides, gazing on his countenance, felt
attracted towards him by an irresistible sympathy.  No man ever looked
upon that face without love; for there had dwelt the smile of the Deity,
the incarnation of divinest love--and the glory of the smile had never
passed away.

'My children, God be with you!' said the old man, stretching his arms;
and as he spoke the infants ran to his knee.  He sat down, and they
nestled fondly to his bosom.  It was beautiful to see that mingling of
the extremes of life--the rivers gushing from their early source--the
majestic stream gliding to the ocean of eternity!  As the light of
declining day seems to mingle earth and heaven, making the outline of
each scarce visible, and blending the harsh mountain-tops with the sky,
even so did the smile of that benign old age appear to hallow the aspect
of those around, to blend together the strong distinctions of varying
years, and to diffuse over infancy and manhood the light of that heaven
into which it must so soon vanish and be lost.

'Father,' said Olinthus, 'thou on whose form the miracle of the Redeemer
worked; thou who wert snatched from the grave to become the living
witness of His mercy and His power; behold! a stranger in our meeting--a
new lamb gathered to the fold!'

'Let me bless him,' said the old man: the throng gave way. Apaecides
approached him as by an instinct: he fell on his knees before him--the
old man laid his hand on the priest's head, and blessed him, but not
aloud.  As his lips moved, his eyes were upturned, and tears--those
tears that good men only shed in the hope of happiness to
another--flowed fast down his cheeks.

The children were on either side of the convert; his heart was
theirs--he had become as one of them--to enter into the kingdom of

Chapter IV


DAYS are like years in the love of the young, when no bar, no obstacle,
is between their hearts--when the sun shines, and the course runs
smooth--when their love is prosperous and confessed.  Ione no longer
concealed from Glaucus the attachment she felt for him, and their talk
now was only of their love.  Over the rapture of the present the hopes
of the future glowed like the heaven above the gardens of spring.  They
went in their trustful thoughts far down the stream of time: they laid
out the chart of their destiny to come; they suffered the light of
to-day to suffuse the morrow. In the youth of their hearts it seemed as
if care, and change, and death, were as things unknown.  Perhaps they
loved each other the more because the condition of the world left to
Glaucus no aim and no wish but love; because the distractions common in
free states to men's affections existed not for the Athenian; because
his country wooed him not to the bustle of civil life; because ambition
furnished no counterpoise to love: and, therefore, over their schemes
and projects, love only reigned.  In the iron age they imagined
themselves of the golden, doomed only to live and to love.

To the superficial observer, who interests himself only in characters
strongly marked and broadly colored, both the lovers may seem of too
slight and commonplace a mould: in the delineation of characters
purposely subdued, the reader sometimes imagines that there is a want of
character; perhaps, indeed, I wrong the real nature of these two lovers
by not painting more impressively their stronger individualities.  But
in dwelling so much on their bright and birdlike existence, I am
influenced almost insensibly by the forethought of the changes that
await them, and for which they were so ill prepared.  It was this very
softness and gaiety of life that contrasted most strongly the
vicissitudes of their coming fate.  For the oak without fruit or
blossom, whose hard and rugged heart is fitted for the storm, there is
less fear than for the delicate branches of the myrtle, and the laughing
clusters of the vine.

They had now advanced far into August--the next month their marriage was
fixed, and the threshold of Glaucus was already wreathed with garlands;
and nightly, by the door of Ione, he poured forth the rich libations.
He existed no longer for his gay companions; he was ever with Ione.  In
the mornings they beguiled the sun with music: in the evenings they
forsook the crowded haunts of the gay for excursions on the water, or
along the fertile and vine-clad plains that lay beneath the fatal mount
of Vesuvius.  The earth shook no more; the lively Pompeians forgot even
that there had gone forth so terrible a warning of their approaching
doom.  Glaucus imagined that convulsion, in the vanity of his heathen
religion, an especial interposition of the gods, less in behalf of his
own safety than that of Ione.  He offered up the sacrifices of gratitude
at the temples of his faith; and even the altar of Isis was covered with
his votive garlands--as to the prodigy of the animated marble, he
blushed at the effect it had produced on him.  He believed it, indeed,
to have been wrought by the magic of man; but the result convinced him
that it betokened not the anger of a goddess.

Of Arbaces, they heard only that he still lived; stretched on the bed of
suffering, he recovered slowly from the effect of the shock he had
sustained--he left the lovers unmolested--but it was only to brood over
the hour and the method of revenge.

Alike in their mornings at the house of Ione, and in their evening
excursions, Nydia was usually their constant, and often their sole
companion.  They did not guess the secret fires which consumed her--the
abrupt freedom with which she mingled in their conversation--her
capricious and often her peevish moods found ready indulgence in the
recollection of the service they owed her, and their compassion for her
affliction.  They felt an interest in her, perhaps the greater and more
affectionate from the very strangeness and waywardness of her nature,
her singular alternations of passion and softness--the mixture of
ignorance and genius--of delicacy and rudeness--of the quick humors of
the child, and the proud calmness of the woman.  Although she refused to
accept of freedom, she was constantly suffered to be free; she went
where she listed; no curb was put either on her words or actions; they
felt for one so darkly fated, and so susceptible of every wound, the
same pitying and compliant indulgence the mother feels for a spoiled and
sickly child--dreading to impose authority, even where they imagined it
for her benefit.  She availed herself of this license by refusing the
companionship of the slave whom they wished to attend her. With the
slender staff by which she guided her steps, she went now, as in her
former unprotected state, along the populous streets: it was almost
miraculous to perceive how quickly and how dexterously she threaded
every crowd, avoiding every danger, and could find her benighted way
through the most intricate windings of the city.  But her chief delight
was still in visiting the few feet of ground which made the garden of
Glaucus--in tending the flowers that at least repaid her love.
Sometimes she entered the chamber where he sat, and sought a
conversation, which she nearly always broke off abruptly--for
conversation with Glaucus only tended to one subject--Ione; and that
name from his lips inflicted agony upon her.  Often she bitterly
repented the service she had rendered to Ione: often she said inly, 'If
she had fallen, Glaucus could have loved her no longer'; and then dark
and fearful thoughts crept into her breast.

She had not experienced fully the trials that were in store for her,
when she had been thus generous.  She had never before been present when
Glaucus and Ione were together; she had never heard that voice so kind
to her, so much softer to another.  The shock that crushed her heart
with the tidings that Glaucus loved, had at first only saddened and
benumbed--by degrees jealousy took a wilder and fiercer shape; it
partook of hatred--it whispered revenge.  As you see the wind only
agitate the green leaf upon the bough, while the leaf which has lain
withered and seared on the ground, bruised and trampled upon till the
sap and life are gone, is suddenly whirled aloft--now here--now
there--without stay and without rest; so the love which visits the happy
and the hopeful hath but freshness on its wings! its violence is but
sportive.  But the heart that hath fallen from the green things of life,
that is without hope, that hath no summer in its fibres, is torn and
whirled by the same wind that but caresses its brethren--it hath no
bough to cling to--it is dashed from path to path--till the winds fall,
and it is crushed into the mire for ever.

The friendless childhood of Nydia had hardened prematurely her
character; perhaps the heated scenes of profligacy through which she had
passed, seemingly unscathed, had ripened her passions, though they had
not sullied her purity.  The orgies of Burbo might only have disgusted,
the banquets of the Egyptian might only have terrified, at the moment;
but the winds that pass unheeded over the soil leave seeds behind them.
As darkness, too, favors the imagination, so, perhaps, her very
blindness contributed to feed with wild and delirious visions the love
of the unfortunate girl.  The voice of Glaucus had been the first that
had sounded musically to her ear; his kindness made a deep impression
upon her mind; when he had left Pompeii in the former year, she had
treasured up in her heart every word he had uttered; and when any one
told her that this friend and patron of the poor flower-girl was the
most brilliant and the most graceful of the young revellers of Pompeii,
she had felt a pleasing pride in nursing his recollection.  Even the
task which she imposed upon herself, of tending his flowers, served to
keep him in her mind; she associated him with all that was most charming
to her impressions; and when she had refused to express what image she
fancied Ione to resemble, it was partly, perhaps, that whatever was
bright and soft in nature she had already combined with the thought of
Glaucus.  If any of my readers ever loved at an age which they would now
smile to remember--an age in which fancy forestalled the reason, let
them say whether that love, among all its strange and complicated
delicacies, was not, above all other and later passions, susceptible of
jealousy? I seek not here the cause: I know that it is commonly the

When Glaucus returned to Pompeii, Nydia had told another year of life;
that year, with its sorrows, its loneliness, its trials, had greatly
developed her mind and heart; and when the Athenian drew her
unconsciously to his breast, deeming her still in soul as in years a
child--when he kissed her smooth cheek, and wound his arm round her
trembling frame, Nydia felt suddenly, and as by revelation, that those
feelings she had long and innocently cherished were of love.  Doomed to
be rescued from tyranny by Glaucus--doomed to take shelter under his
roof--doomed to breathe, but for so brief a time, the same air--and
doomed, in the first rush of a thousand happy, grateful, delicious
sentiments of an overflowing heart, to hear that he loved another; to be
commissioned to that other, the messenger, the minister; to feel all at
once that utter nothingness which she was--which she ever must be, but
which, till then, her young mind had not taught her--that utter
nothingness to him who was all to her; what wonder that, in her wild and
passionate soul, all the elements jarred discordant; that if love
reigned over the whole, it was not the love which is born of the more
sacred and soft emotions?  Sometimes she dreaded only lest Glaucus
should discover her secret; sometimes she felt indignant that it was not
suspected: it was a sign of contempt--could he imagine that she presumed
so far?  Her feelings to Ione ebbed and flowed with every hour; now she
loved her because he did; now she hated him for the same cause.  There
were moments when she could have murdered her unconscious mistress;
moments when she could have laid down life for her.  These fierce and
tremulous alternations of passion were too severe to be borne long.  Her
health gave way, though she felt it not--her cheek paled--her step grew
feebler--tears came to her eyes more often, and relieved her less.

One morning, when she repaired to her usual task in the garden of the
Athenian, she found Glaucus under the columns of the peristyle, with a
merchant of the town; he was selecting jewels for his destined bride.
He had already fitted up her apartment; the jewels he bought that day
were placed also within it--they were never fated to grace the fair form
of Ione; they may be seen at this day among the disinterred treasures of
Pompeii, in the chambers of the studio at Naples.

'Come hither, Nydia; put down thy vase, and come hither.  Thou must take
this chain from me--stay--there, I have put it on.  There, Servilius,
does it not become her?'

'Wonderfully!' answered the jeweller; for jewellers were well-bred and
flattering men, even at that day.  'But when these ear-rings glitter in
the ears of the noble Ione, then, by Bacchus! you will see whether my
art adds anything to beauty.'

'Ione?' repeated Nydia, who had hitherto acknowledged by smiles and
blushes the gift of Glaucus.

'Yes,' replied the Athenian, carelessly toying with the gems; 'I am
choosing a present for Ione, but there are none worthy of her.'

He was startled as he spoke by an abrupt gesture of Nydia; she tore the
chain violently from her neck, and dashed it on the ground.

'How is this?  What, Nydia, dost thou not like the bauble? art thou

'You treat me ever as a slave and as a child,' replied the Thessalian,
with ill-suppressed sobs, and she turned hastily away to the opposite
corner of the garden.

Glaucus did not attempt to follow, or to soothe; he was offended; he
continued to examine the jewels and to comment on their fashion--to
object to this and to praise that, and finally to be talked by the
merchant into buying all; the safest plan for a lover, and a plan that
any one will do right to adopt, provided always that he can obtain an

When he had completed his purchase and dismissed the jeweller, he
retired into his chamber, dressed, mounted his chariot, and went to
Ione.  He thought no more of the blind girl, or her offence; he had
forgotten both the one and the other.

He spent the forenoon with his beautiful Neapolitan, repaired thence to
the baths, supped (if, as we have said before, we can justly so
translate the three o'clock coena of the Romans) alone, and abroad, for
Pompeii had its restaurateurs--and returning home to change his dress
ere he again repaired to the house of Ione, he passed the peristyle, but
with the absorbed reverie and absent eyes of a man in love, and did not
note the form of the poor blind girl, bending exactly in the same place
where he had left her.  But though he saw her not, her ear recognized at
once the sound of his step. She had been counting the moments to his
return.  He had scarcely entered his favorite chamber, which opened on
the peristyle, and seated himself musingly on his couch, when he felt
his robe timorously touched, and, turning, he beheld Nydia kneeling
before him, and holding up to him a handful of flowers--a gentle and
appropriate peace-offering--her eyes, darkly upheld to his own, streamed
with tears.

'I have offended thee,' said she, sobbing, 'and for the first time.  I
would die rather than cause thee a moment's pain--say that thou wilt
forgive me. See! I have taken up the chain; I have put it on: I will
never part from it--it is thy gift.'

'My dear Nydia,' returned Glaucus, and raising her, he kissed her
forehead, 'think of it no more!  But why, my child, wert thou so
suddenly angry?  I could not divine the cause?'

'Do not ask!' said she, coloring violently.  'I am a thing full of
faults and humors; you know I am but a child--you say so often: is it
from a child that you can expect a reason for every folly?'

'But, prettiest, you will soon be a child no more; and if you would have
us treat you as a woman, you must learn to govern these singular
impulses and gales of passion.  Think not I chide: no, it is for your
happiness only I speak.'

'It is true,' said Nydia, 'I must learn to govern myself I must bide, I
must suppress, my heart.  This is a woman's task and duty; methinks her
virtue is hypocrisy.'

'Self-control is not deceit, my Nydia,' returned the Athenian; and that
is the virtue necessary alike to man and to woman; it is the true
senatorial toga, the badge of the dignity it covers!'

'Self-control! self-control!  Well, well, what you say is right! When I
listen to you, Glaucus, my wildest thoughts grow calm and sweet, and a
delicious serenity falls over me.  Advise, ah! guide me ever, my

'Thy affectionate heart will be thy best guide, Nydia, when thou hast
learned to regulate its feelings.'

'Ah! that will be never,' sighed Nydia, wiping away her tears.

'Say not so: the first effort is the only difficult one.'

'I have made many first efforts,' answered Nydia, innocently.  'But you,
my Mentor, do you find it so easy to control yourself?  Can you conceal,
can you even regulate, your love for Ione?'

'Love! dear Nydia: ah! that is quite another matter,' answered the young

'I thought so!' returned Nydia, with a melancholy smile.  'Glaucus, wilt
thou take my poor flowers?  Do with them as thou wilt--thou canst give
them to Ione,' added she, with a little hesitation.

'Nay, Nydia,' answered Glaucus, kindly, divining something of jealousy
in her language, though he imagined it only the jealousy of a vain and
susceptible child; 'I will not give thy pretty flowers to any one.  Sit
here and weave them into a garland; I will wear it this night: it is not
the first those delicate fingers have woven for me.'

The poor girl delightedly sat down beside Glaucus.  She drew from her
girdle a ball of the many-colored threads, or rather slender ribands,
used in the weaving of garlands, and which (for it was her professional
occupation) she carried constantly with her, and began quickly and
gracefully to commence her task.  Upon her young cheeks the tears were
already dried, a faint but happy smile played round her lips--childlike,
indeed, she was sensible only of the joy of the present hour: she was
reconciled to Glaucus: he had forgiven her--she was beside him--he
played caressingly with her silken hair--his breath fanned her
cheek--Ione, the cruel Ione, was not by--none other demanded, divided,
his care.  Yes, she was happy and forgetful; it was one of the few
moments in her brief and troubled life that it was sweet to treasure, to
recall. As the butterfly, allured by the winter sun, basks for a little
in the sudden light, ere yet the wind awakes and the frost comes on,
which shall blast it before the eve--she rested beneath a beam, which,
by contrast with the wonted skies, was not chilling; and the instinct
which should have warned her of its briefness, bade her only gladden in
its smile.

'Thou hast beautiful locks,' said Glaucus.  'They were once, I ween
well, a mother's delight.'

Nydia sighed; it would seem that she had not been born a slave; but she
ever shunned the mention of her parentage, and, whether obscure or
noble, certain it is that her birth was never known by her benefactors,
nor by any one in those distant shores, even to the last.  The child of
sorrow and of mystery, she came and went as some bird that enters our
chamber for a moment; we see it flutter for a while before us, we know
not whence it flew or to what region it escapes.

Nydia sighed, and after a short pause, without answering the remark,
said: 'But do I weave too many roses in my wreath, Glaucus?  They tell
me it is thy favorite flower.'

'And ever favored, my Nydia, be it by those who have the soul of poetry:
it is the flower of love, of festival; it is also the flower we dedicate
to silence and to death; it blooms on our brows in life, while life be
worth the having; it is scattered above our sepulchre when we are no

'Ah! would,' said Nydia, 'instead of this perishable wreath, that I
could take thy web from the hand of the Fates, and insert the roses

'Pretty one! thy wish is worthy of a voice so attuned to song; it is
uttered in the spirit of song; and, whatever my doom, I thank thee.'

'Whatever thy doom! is it not already destined to all things bright and
fair?  My wish was vain.  The Fates will be as tender to thee as I

'It might not be so, Nydia, were it not for love!  While youth lasts, I
may forget my country for a while.  But what Athenian, in his graver
manhood, can think of Athens as she was, and be contented that he is
happy, while she is fallen?--fallen, and for ever?'

'And why for ever?'

'As ashes cannot be rekindled--as love once dead can never revive, so
freedom departed from a people is never regained.  But talk we not of
these matters unsuited to thee.'

'To me, oh! thou errest.  I, too, have my sighs for Greece; my cradle
was rocked at the foot of Olympus; the gods have left the mountain, but
their traces may be seen--seen in the hearts of their worshippers, seen
in the beauty of their clime: they tell me it is beautiful, and I have
felt its airs, to which even these are harsh--its sun, to which these
skies are chill.  Oh! talk to me of Greece! Poor fool that I am, I can
comprehend thee! and methinks, had I yet lingered on those shores, had I
been a Grecian maid whose happy fate it was to love and to be loved, I
myself could have armed my lover for another Marathon, a new Plataea.
Yes, the hand that now weaves the roses should have woven thee the olive

'If such a day could come!' said Glaucus, catching the enthusiasm of the
blind Thessalian, and half rising.--'But no! the sun has set, and the
night only bids us be forgetful--and in forgetfulness be gay--weave
still the roses!'

But it was with a melancholy tone of forced gaiety that the Athenian
uttered the last words: and sinking into a gloomy reverie, he was only
wakened from it, a few minutes afterwards, by the voice of Nydia, as she
sang in a low tone the following words, which he had once taught her:--



           Who will assume the bays
              That the hero wore?
           Wreaths on the Tomb of Days
              Gone evermore!
           Who shall disturb the brave,
           Or one leaf on their holy grave?
           The laurel is vowed to them,
           Leave the bay on its sacred stem!
              But this, the rose, the fading rose,
              Alike for slave and freeman grows.


           If Memory sit beside the dead
              With tombs her only treasure;
           If Hope is lost and Freedom fled,
              The more excuse for Pleasure.
           Come, weave the wreath, the roses weave,
              The rose at least is ours:
           To feeble hearts our fathers leave,
              In pitying scorn, the flowers!


             On the summit, worn and hoary,
           Of Phyle's solemn hill,
           The tramp of the brave is still!
           And still in the saddening Mart,
           The pulse of that mighty heart,
              Whose very blood was glory!
           Glaucopis forsakes her own,
              The angry gods forget us;
           But yet, the blue streams along,
           Walk the feet of the silver Song;
           And the night-bird wakes the moon;
           And the bees in the blushing noon
              Haunt the heart of the old Hymettus.
           We are fallen, but not forlorn,
              If something is left to cherish;
           As Love was the earliest born,
              So Love is the last to perish.


           Wreathe then the roses, wreathe
              The BEAUTIFUL still is ours,
           While the stream shall flow and the sky shall glow,
           The BEAUTIFUL still is ours!
           Whatever is fair, or soft, or bright,
           In the lap of day or the arms of night,
           Whispers our soul of Greece--of Greece,
           And hushes our care with a voice of peace.
              Wreathe then the roses, wreathe!
              They tell me of earlier hours;
           And I hear the heart of my Country breathe
              From the lips of the Stranger's flowers.

Chapter V


'WHAT happiness to Ione! what bliss to be ever by the side of Glaucus,
to hear his voice!--And she too can see him!'

Such was the soliloquy of the blind girl, as she walked alone and at
twilight to the house of her new mistress, whither Glaucus had already
preceded her.  Suddenly she was interrupted in her fond thoughts by a
female voice.

'Blind flower-girl, whither goest thou?  There is no pannier under thine
arm; hast thou sold all thy flowers?'

The person thus accosting Nydia was a lady of a handsome but a bold and
unmaidenly countenance: it was Julia, the daughter of Diomed. Her veil
was half raised as she spoke; she was accompanied by Diomed himself, and
by a slave carrying a lantern before them--the merchant and his daughter
were returning home from a supper at one of their neighbors'.

'Dost thou not remember my voice?' continued Julia.  'I am the daughter
of Diomed the wealthy.'

'Ah! forgive me; yes, I recall the tones of your voice.  No, noble
Julia, I have no flowers to sell.'

'I heard that thou wert purchased by the beautiful Greek Glaucus; is
that true, pretty slave?' asked Julia.

'I serve the Neapolitan, Ione,' replied Nydia, evasively.

'Ah! and it is true, then...'

'Come, come!' interrupted Diomed, with his cloak up to his mouth, 'the
night grows cold; I cannot stay here while you prate to that blind girl:
come, let her follow you home, if you wish to speak to her.'

'Do, child,' said Julia, with the air of one not accustomed to be
refused; 'I have much to ask of thee: come.'

'I cannot this night, it grows late,' answered Nydia.  'I must be at
home; I am not free, noble Julia.'

'What, the meek Ione will chide thee?--Ay, I doubt not she is a second
Thalestris.  But come, then, to-morrow: do--remember I have been thy
friend of old.'

'I will obey thy wishes,' answered Nydia; and Diomed again impatiently
summoned his daughter: she was obliged to proceed, with the main
question she had desired to put to Nydia unasked.

Meanwhile we return to Ione.  The interval of time that had elapsed that
day between the first and second visit of Glaucus had not been too gaily
spent: she had received a visit from her brother.  Since the night he
had assisted in saving her from the Egyptian, she had not before seen

Occupied with his own thoughts--thoughts of so serious and intense a
nature--the young priest had thought little of his sister; in truth,
men, perhaps of that fervent order of mind which is ever aspiring above
earth, are but little prone to the earthlier affections; and it had been
long since Apaecides had sought those soft and friendly interchanges of
thought, those sweet confidences, which in his earlier youth had bound
him to Ione, and which are so natural to that endearing connection which
existed between them.

Ione, however, had not ceased to regret his estrangement: she attributed
it, at present, to the engrossing duties of his severe fraternity.  And
often, amidst all her bright hopes, and her new attachment to her
betrothed--often, when she thought of her brother's brow prematurely
furrowed, his unsmiling lip, and bended frame, she sighed to think that
the service of the gods could throw so deep a shadow over that earth
which the gods created.

But this day when he visited her there was a strange calmness on his
features, a more quiet and self-possessed expression in his sunken eyes,
than she had marked for years.  This apparent improvement was but
momentary--it was a false calm, which the least breeze could ruffle.

'May the gods bless thee, my brother!' said she, embracing him.

'The gods!  Speak not thus vaguely; perchance there is but one God!'

'My brother!'

'What if the sublime faith of the Nazarene be true?  What if God be a
monarch--One--Invisible--Alone?  What if these numerous, countless
deities, whose altars fill the earth, be but evil demons, seeking to
wean us from the true creed?  This may be the case, Ione!'

'Alas! can we believe it? or if we believed, would it not be a
melancholy faith answered the Neapolitan.  'What! all this beautiful
world made only human!--mountain disenchanted of its Oread--the waters
of their Nymph--that beautiful prodigality of faith, which makes
everything divine, consecrating the meanest flowers, bearing celestial
whispers in the faintest breeze--wouldst thou deny this, and make the
earth mere dust and clay?  No, Apaecides: all that is brightest in our
hearts is that very credulity which peoples the universe with gods.'

Ione answered as a believer in the poesy of the old mythology would
answer. We may judge by that reply how obstinate and hard the contest
which Christianity had to endure among the heathens.  The Graceful
Superstition was never silent; every, the most household, action of
their lives was entwined with it--it was a portion of life itself, as
the flowers are a part of the thyrsus.  At every incident they recurred
to a god, every cup of wine was prefaced by a libation; the very
garlands on their thresholds were dedicated to some divinity; their
ancestors themselves, made holy, presided as Lares over their hearth and
hall.  So abundant was belief with them, that in their own climes, at
this hour, idolatry has never thoroughly been outrooted: it changes but
its objects of worship; it appeals to innumerable saints where once it
resorted to divinities; and it pours its crowds, in listening reverence,
to oracles at the shrines of St. Januarius or St. Stephen, instead of to
those of Isis or Apollo.

But these superstitions were not to the early Christians the object of
contempt so much as of horror.  They did not believe, with the quiet
scepticism of the heathen philosopher, that the gods were inventions of
the priests; nor even, with the vulgar, that, according to the dim light
of history, they had been mortals like themselves.  They imagined the
heathen divinities to be evil spirits--they transplanted to Italy and to
Greece the gloomy demons of India and the East; and in Jupiter or in
Mars they shuddered at the representative of Moloch or of Satan.

Apaecides had not yet adopted formally the Christian faith, but he was
already on the brink of it.  He already participated the doctrines of
Olinthus--he already imagined that the lively imaginations of the
heathen were the suggestions of the arch-enemy of mankind.  The innocent
and natural answer of Ione made him shudder.  He hastened to reply
vehemently, and yet so confusedly, that Ione feared for his reason more
than she dreaded his violence.

'Ah, my brother!' said she, 'these hard duties of thine have shattered
thy very sense.  Come to me, Apaecides, my brother, my own brother; give
me thy hand, let me wipe the dew from thy brow--chide me not now, I
understand thee not; think only that Ione could not offend thee!'

'Ione,' said Apaecides, drawing her towards him, and regarding her
tenderly, 'can I think that this beautiful form, this kind heart, may be
destined to an eternity of torment?'

'Dii meliora! the gods forbid!' said Ione, in the customary form of
words by which her contemporaries thought an omen might be averted.

The words, and still more the superstition they implied, wounded the ear
of Apaecides.  He rose, muttering to himself, turned from the chamber,
then, stopping, half way, gazed wistfully on Ione, and extended his

Ione flew to them in joy; he kissed her earnestly, and then he said:

'Farewell, my sister! when we next meet, thou mayst be to me as nothing;
take thou, then, this embrace--full yet of all the tender reminiscences
of childhood, when faith and hope, creeds, customs, interests, objects,
were the same to us.  Now, the tie is to be broken!'

With these strange words he left the house.

The great and severest trial of the primitive Christians was indeed
this; their conversion separated them from their dearest bonds. They
could not associate with beings whose commonest actions, whose commonest
forms of speech, were impregnated with idolatry.  They shuddered at the
blessing of love, to their ears it was uttered in a demon's name.  This,
their misfortune, was their strength; if it divided them from the rest
of the world, it was to unite them proportionally to each other.  They
were men of iron who wrought forth the Word of God, and verily the bonds
that bound them were of iron also!

Glaucus found Ione in tears; he had already assumed the sweet privilege
to console.  He drew from her a recital of her interview with her
brother; but in her confused account of language, itself so confused to
one not prepared for it, he was equally at a loss with Ione to conceive
the intentions or the meaning of Apaecides.

'Hast thou ever heard much,' asked she, 'of this new sect of the
Nazarenes, of which my brother spoke?'

'I have often heard enough of the votaries,' returned Glaucus, 'but of
their exact tenets know I naught, save that in their doctrine there
seemeth something preternaturally chilling and morose.  They live apart
from their kind; they affect to be shocked even at our simple uses of
garlands; they have no sympathies with the cheerful amusements of life;
they utter awful threats of the coming destruction of the world; they
appear, in one word, to have brought their unsmiling and gloomy creed
out of the cave of Trophonius. Yet,' continued Glaucus, after a slight
pause, 'they have not wanted men of great power and genius, nor
converts, even among the Areopagites of Athens. Well do I remember to
have heard my father speak of one strange guest at Athens, many years
ago; methinks his name was PAUL.  My father was amongst a mighty crowd
that gathered on one of our immemorial hills to hear this sage of the
East expound: through the wide throng there rang not a single
murmur!--the jest and the roar, with which our native orators are
received, were hushed for him--and when on the loftiest summit of that
hill, raised above the breathless crowd below, stood this mysterious
visitor, his mien and his countenance awed every heart, even before a
sound left his lips.  He was a man, I have heard my father say, of no
tall stature, but of noble and impressive mien; his robes were dark and
ample; the declining sun, for it was evening, shone aslant upon his form
as it rose aloft, motionless, and commanding; his countenance was much
worn and marked, as of one who had braved alike misfortune and the
sternest vicissitude of many climes; but his eyes were bright with an
almost unearthly fire; and when he raised his arm to speak, it was with
the majesty of a man into whom the Spirit of a God hath rushed!

'"Men of Athens!" he is reported to have said, "I find amongst ye an
altar with this inscription:

              TO THE UNKNOWN GOD.

  Ye worship in ignorance the same Deity I serve.
    To you unknown till now, to you be it now revealed."

'Then declared that solemn man how this great Maker of all things, who
had appointed unto man his several tribes and his various homes--the
Lord of earth and the universal heaven, dwelt not in temples made with
hands; that His presence, His spirit, were in the air we breathed--our
life and our being were with Him.  "Think you," he cried, "that the
Invisible is like your statues of gold and marble?  Think you that He
needeth sacrifice from you: He who made heaven and earth?" Then spoke he
of fearful and coming times, of the end of the world, of a second rising
of the dead, whereof an assurance had been given to man in the
resurrection of the mighty Being whose religion he came to preach.

'When he thus spoke, the long-pent murmur went forth, and the
philosophers that were mingled with the people, muttered their sage
contempt; there might you have seen the chilling frown of the Stoic, and
the Cynic's sneer; and the Epicurean, who believeth not even in our own
Elysium, muttered a pleasant jest, and swept laughing through the crowd:
but the deep heart of the people was touched and thrilled; and they
trembled, though they knew not why, for verily the stranger had the
voice and majesty of a man to whom "The Unknown God" had committed the
preaching of His faith.'

Ione listened with wrapt attention, and the serious and earnest manner
of the narrator betrayed the impression that he himself had received
from one who had been amongst the audience that on the hill of the
heathen Mars had heard the first tidings of the word of Christ!

Chapter VI


THE door of Diomed's house stood open, and Medon, the old slave, sat at
the bottom of the steps by which you ascended to the mansion. That
luxurious mansion of the rich merchant of Pompeii is still to be seen
just without the gates of the city, at the commencement of the Street of
Tombs; it was a gay neighborhood, despite the dead.  On the opposite
side, but at some yards nearer the gate, was a spacious hostelry, at
which those brought by business or by pleasure to Pompeii often stopped
to refresh themselves.  In the space before the entrance of the inn now
stood wagons, and carts, and chariots, some just arrived, some just
quitting, in all the bustle of an animated and popular resort of public
entertainment.  Before the door, some farmers, seated on a bench by a
small circular table, were talking over their morning cups, on the
affairs of their calling.  On the side of the door itself was painted
gaily and freshly the eternal sign of the chequers. By the roof of the
inn stretched a terrace, on which some females, wives of the farmers
above mentioned, were, some seated, some leaning over the railing, and
conversing with their friends below. In a deep recess, at a little
distance, was a covered seat, in which some two or three poorer
travellers were resting themselves, and shaking the dust from their
garments.  On the other side stretched a wide space, originally the
burial-ground of a more ancient race than the present denizens of
Pompeii, and now converted into the Ustrinum, or place for the burning
of the dead.  Above this rose the terraces of a gay villa, half hid by
trees.  The tombs themselves, with their graceful and varied shapes, the
flowers and the foliage that surrounded them, made no melancholy feature
in the prospect.  Hard by the gate of the city, in a small niche, stood
the still form of the well-disciplined Roman sentry, the sun shining
brightly on his polished crest, and the lance on which he leaned.  The
gate itself was divided into three arches, the centre one for vehicles,
the others for the foot-passengers; and on either side rose the massive
walls which girt the city, composed, patched, repaired at a thousand
different epochs, according as war, time, or the earthquake had
shattered that vain protection.  At frequent intervals rose square
towers, whose summits broke in picturesque rudeness the regular line of
the wall, and contrasted well with the modern buildings gleaming whitely

The curving road, which in that direction leads from Pompeii to
Herculaneum, wound out of sight amidst hanging vines, above which
frowned the sullen majesty of Vesuvius.

'Hast thou heard the news, old Medon?' said a young woman, with a
pitcher in her hand, as she paused by Diomed's door to gossip a moment
with the slave, ere she repaired to the neighboring inn to fill the
vessel, and coquet with the travellers.

'The news! what news?' said the slave, raising his eyes moodily from the

'Why, there passed through the gate this morning, no doubt ere thou wert
well awake, such a visitor to Pompeii!'

'Ay,' said the slave, indifferently.

'Yes, a present from the noble Pomponianus.'

'A present!  I thought thou saidst a visitor?'

'It is both visitor and present.  Know, O dull and stupid! that it is a
most beautiful young tiger, for our approaching games in the
amphitheatre.  Hear you that, Medon?  Oh, what pleasure!  I declare I
shall not sleep a wink till I see it; they say it has such a roar!'

'Poor fool!' said Medon, sadly and cynically.

'Fool me no fool, old churl!  It is a pretty thing, a tiger, especially
if we could but find somebody for him to eat.  We have now a lion and a
tiger; only consider that, Medon! and for want of two good criminals
perhaps we shall be forced to see them eat each other.  By-the-by, your
son is a gladiator, a handsome man and a strong, can you not persuade
him to fight the tiger?  Do now, you would oblige me mightily; nay, you
would be a benefactor to the whole town.'

'Vah! vah!' said the slave, with great asperity; 'think of thine own
danger ere thou thus pratest of my poor boy's death.'

'My own danger!' said the girl, frightened and looking hastily
around--'Avert the omen! let thy words fall on thine own head!' And the
girl, as she spoke, touched a talisman suspended round her neck. '"Thine
own danger!" what danger threatens me?'

'Had the earthquake but a few nights since no warning?' said Medon.
'Has it not a voice?  Did it not say to us all, "Prepare for death; the
end of all things is at hand?"'

'Bah, stuff!' said the young woman, settling the folds of her tunic.
'Now thou talkest as they say the Nazarenes talked--methinks thou art
one of them.  Well, I can prate with thee, grey croaker, no more: thou
growest worse and worse--Vale! O Hercules, send us a man for the
lion--and another for the tiger!'

            Ho! ho! for the merry, merry show,
            With a forest of faces in every row!
            Lo, the swordsmen, bold as the son of Alcmena,
            Sweep, side by side, o'er the hushed arena;
            Talk while you may--you will hold your breath
            When they meet in the grasp of the glowing death.
            Tramp, tramp, how gaily they go!
            Ho! ho! for the merry, merry show!

Chanting in a silver and clear voice this feminine ditty, and holding up
her tunic from the dusty road, the young woman stepped lightly across to
the crowded hostelry.

'My poor son!' said the slave, half aloud, 'is it for things like this
thou art to be butchered?  Oh! faith of Christ, I could worship thee in
all sincerity, were it but for the horror which thou inspirest for these
bloody lists.'

The old man's head sank dejectedly on his breast.  He remained silent
and absorbed, but every now and then with the corner of his sleeve he
wiped his eyes.  His heart was with his son; he did not see the figure
that now approached from the gate with a quick step, and a somewhat
fierce and reckless gait and carriage.  He did not lift his eyes till
the figure paused opposite the place where he sat, and with a soft voice
addressed him by the name of:


'My boy! my Lydon! is it indeed thou?' said the old man, joyfully. 'Ah,
thou wert present to my thoughts.'

'I am glad to hear it, my father,' said the gladiator, respectfully
touching the knees and beard of the slave; 'and soon may I be always
present with thee, not in thought only.'

'Yes, my son--but not in this world,' replied the slave, mournfully.

'Talk not thus, O my sire! look cheerfully, for I feel so--I am sure
that I shall win the day; and then, the gold I gain buys thy freedom.
Oh! my father, it was but a few days since that I was taunted, by one,
too, whom I would gladly have undeceived, for he is more generous than
the rest of his equals.  He is not Roman--he is of Athens--by him I was
taunted with the lust of gain--when I demanded what sum was the prize of
victory.  Alas! he little knew the soul of Lydon!'

'My boy! my boy!' said the old slave, as, slowly ascending the steps, he
conducted his son to his own little chamber, communicating with the
entrance hall (which in this villa was the peristyle, not the
atrium)--you may see it now; it is the third door to the right on
entering.  (The first door conducts to the staircase; the second is but
a false recess, in which there stood a statue of bronze.) 'Generous,
affectionate, pious as are thy motives,' said Medon, when they were thus
secured from observation, 'thy deed itself is guilt: thou art to risk
thy blood for thy father's freedom--that might be forgiven; but the
prize of victory is the blood of another.  Oh, that is a deadly sin; no
object can purify it.  Forbear! forbear! rather would I be a slave for
ever than purchase liberty on such terms!'

'Hush, my father!' replied Lydon, somewhat impatiently; 'thou hast
picked up in this new creed of thine, of which I pray thee not to speak
to me, for the gods that gave me strength denied me wisdom, and I
understand not one word of what thou often preachest to me--thou hast
picked up, I say, in this new creed, some singular fantasies of right
and wrong.  Pardon me if I offend thee: but reflect!  Against whom shall
I contend?  Oh! couldst thou know those wretches with whom, for thy
sake, I assort, thou wouldst think I purified earth by removing one of
them.  Beasts, whose very lips drop blood; things, all savage,
unprincipled in their very courage: ferocious, heartless, senseless; no
tie of life can bind them: they know not fear, it is true--but neither
know they gratitude, nor charity, nor love; they are made but for their
own career, to slaughter without pity, to die without dread!  Can thy
gods, whosoever they be, look with wrath on a conflict with such as
these, and in such a cause?  Oh, My father, wherever the powers above
gaze down on earth, they behold no duty so sacred, so sanctifying, as
the sacrifice offered to an aged parent by the piety of a grateful son!'

The poor old slave, himself deprived of the lights of knowledge, and
only late a convert to the Christian faith, knew not with what arguments
to enlighten an ignorance at once so dark, and yet so beautiful in its
error. His first impulse was to throw himself on his son's breast--his
next to start away to wring his hands; and in the attempt to reprove,
his broken voice lost itself in weeping.

'And if,' resumed Lydon--'if thy Deity (methinks thou wilt own but one?)
be indeed that benevolent and pitying Power which thou assertest Him to
be, He will know also that thy very faith in Him first confirmed me in
that determination thou blamest.'

'How! what mean you?' said the slave.

'Why, thou knowest that I, sold in my childhood as a slave, was set free
at Rome by the will of my master, whom I had been fortunate enough to
please. I hastened to Pompeii to see thee--I found thee already aged and
infirm, under the yoke of a capricious and pampered lord--thou hadst
lately adopted this new faith, and its adoption made thy slavery doubly
painful to thee; it took away all the softening charm of custom, which
reconciles us so often to the worst.  Didst thou not complain to me that
thou wert compelled to offices that were not odious to thee as a slave,
but guilty as a Nazarene? Didst thou not tell me that thy soul shook
with remorse when thou wert compelled to place even a crumb of cake
before the Lares that watch over yon impluvium? that thy soul was torn
by a perpetual struggle?  Didst thou not tell me that even by pouring
wine before the threshold, and calling on the name of some Grecian
deity, thou didst fear thou wert incurring penalties worse than those of
Tantalus, an eternity of tortures more terrible than those of the
Tartarian fields?  Didst thou not tell me this?  I wondered, I could not
comprehend; nor, by Hercules! can I now: but I was thy son, and my sole
task was to compassionate and relieve.  Could I hear thy groans, could I
witness thy mysterious horrors, thy constant anguish, and remain
inactive? No! by the immortal gods! the thought struck me like light
from Olympus!  I had no money, but I had strength and youth--these were
thy gifts--I could sell these in my turn for thee!  I learned the amount
of thy ransom--I learned that the usual prize of a victorious gladiator
would doubly pay it. I became a gladiator--I linked myself with those
accursed men, scorning, loathing, while I joined--I acquired their
skill--blessed be the lesson!--it shall teach me to free my father!'

'Oh, that thou couldst hear Olinthus!' sighed the old man, more and more
affected by the virtue of his son, but not less strongly convinced of
the criminality of his purpose.

'I will hear the whole world talk if thou wilt,' answered the gladiator,
gaily; 'but not till thou art a slave no more.  Beneath thy own roof, my
father, thou shalt puzzle this dull brain all day long, ay, and all
night too, if it give thee pleasure.  Oh, such a spot as I have chalked
out for thee!--it is one of the nine hundred and ninety-nine shops of
old Julia Felix, in the sunny part of the city, where thou mayst bask
before the door in the day--and I will sell the oil and the wine for
thee, my father--and then, please Venus (or if it does not please her,
since thou lovest not her name, it is all one to Lydon)--then, I say,
perhaps thou mayst have a daughter, too, to tend thy grey hairs, and
hear shrill voices at thy knee, that shall call thee "Lydon's father!"
Ah! we shall be so happy--the prize can purchase all.  Cheer thee! cheer
up, my sire!--And now I must away--day wears--the lanista waits me.
Come! thy blessing!'

As Lydon thus spoke, he had already quitted the dark chamber of his
father; and speaking eagerly, though in a whispered tone, they now stood
at the same place in which we introduced the porter at his post.

'O bless thee! bless thee, my brave boy!' said Medon, fervently; 'and
may the great Power that reads all hearts see the nobleness of thine,
and forgive its error!'

The tall shape of the gladiator passed swiftly down the path; the eyes
of the slave followed its light but stately steps, till the last glimpse
was gone; and then, sinking once more on his seat, his eyes again
fastened themselves on the ground.  His form, mute and unmoving, as a
thing of stone. His heart!--who, in our happier age, can even imagine
its struggles--its commotion?

'May I enter?' said a sweet voice.  'Is thy mistress Julia within?'

The slave mechanically motioned to the visitor to enter, but she who
addressed him could not see the gesture--she repeated her question
timidly, but in a louder voice.

'Have I not told thee!' said the slave, peevishly: 'enter.'

'Thanks,' said the speaker, plaintively; and the slave, roused by the
tone, looked up, and recognized the blind flower-girl.  Sorrow can
sympathize with affliction--he raised himself, and guided her steps to
the head of the adjacent staircase (by which you descended to Julia's
apartment), where, summoning a female slave, he consigned to her the
charge of the blind girl.

Chapter VII


THE elegant Julia sat in her chamber, with her slaves around her--like
the cubiculum which adjoined it, the room was small, but much larger
than the usual apartments appropriated to sleep, which were so
diminutive, that few who have not seen the bed-chambers, even in the
gayest mansions, can form any notion of the petty pigeon-holes in which
the citizens of Pompeii evidently thought it desirable to pass the
night.  But, in fact, 'bed' with the ancients was not that grave,
serious, and important part of domestic mysteries which it is with us.
The couch itself was more like a very narrow and small sofa, light
enough to be transported easily, and by the occupant himself, from place
to place; and it was, no doubt, constantly shifted from chamber to
chamber, according to the caprice of the inmate, or the changes of the
season; for that side of the house which was crowded in one month,
might, perhaps, be carefully avoided in the next.  There was also among
the Italians of that period a singular and fastidious apprehension of
too much daylight; their darkened chambers, which first appear to us the
result of a negligent architecture, were the effect of the most
elaborate study. In their porticoes and gardens they courted the sun
whenever it so pleased their luxurious tastes.  In the interior of their
houses they sought rather the coolness and the shade.

Julia's apartment at that season was in the lower part of the house,
immediately beneath the state rooms above, and looking upon the garden,
with which it was on a level.  The wide door, which was glazed, alone
admitted the morning rays: yet her eye, accustomed to a certain
darkness, was sufficiently acute to perceive exactly what colors were
the most becoming--what shade of the delicate rouge gave the brightest
beam to her dark glance, and the most youthful freshness to her cheek.

On the table, before which she sat, was a small and circular mirror of
the most polished steel: round which, in precise order, were ranged the
cosmetics and the unguents--the perfumes and the paints--the jewels and
combs--the ribands and the gold pins, which were destined to add to the
natural attractions of beauty the assistance of art and the capricious
allurements of fashion.  Through the dimness of the room glowed brightly
the vivid and various colourings of the wall, in all the dazzling
frescoes of Pompeian taste.  Before the dressing-table, and under the
feet of Julia, was spread a carpet, woven from the looms of the East.
Near at hand, on another table, was a silver basin and ewer; an
extinguished lamp, of most exquisite workmanship, in which the artist
had represented a Cupid reposing under the spreading branches of a
myrtle-tree; and a small roll of papyrus, containing the softest elegies
of Tibullus.  Before the door, which communicated with the cubiculum,
hung a curtain richly broidered with gold flowers.  Such was the
dressing-room of a beauty eighteen centuries ago.

The fair Julia leaned indolently back on her seat, while the ornatrix
(i.e. hairdresser) slowly piled, one above the other, a mass of small
curls, dexterously weaving the false with the true, and carrying the
whole fabric to a height that seemed to place the head rather at the
centre than the summit of the human form.

Her tunic, of a deep amber, which well set off her dark hair and
somewhat embrowned complexion, swept in ample folds to her feet, which
were cased in slippers, fastened round the slender ankle by white
thongs; while a profusion of pearls were embroidered in the slipper
itself, which was of purple, and turned slightly upward, as do the
Turkish slippers at this day. An old slave, skilled by long experience
in all the arcana of the toilet, stood beside the hairdresser, with the
broad and studded girdle of her mistress over her arm, and giving, from
time to time (mingled with judicious flattery to the lady herself),
instructions to the mason of the ascending pile.

'Put that pin rather more to the right--lower--stupid one!  Do you not
observe how even those beautiful eyebrows are?--One would think you were
dressing Corinna, whose face is all of one side.  Now put in the
flowers--what, fool!--not that dull pink--you are not suiting colors to
the dim cheek of Chloris: it must be the brightest flowers that can
alone suit the cheek of the young Julia.'

'Gently!' said the lady, stamping her small foot violently: 'you pull my
hair as if you were plucking up a weed!'

'Dull thing!' continued the directress of the ceremony.  'Do you not
know how delicate is your mistress?--you are not dressing the coarse
horsehair of the widow Fulvia.  Now, then, the riband--that's right.
Fair Julia, look in the mirror; saw you ever anything so lovely as

When, after innumerable comments, difficulties, and delays, the
intricate tower was at length completed, the next preparation was that
of giving to the eyes the soft languish, produced by a dark powder
applied to the lids and brows; a small patch cut in the form of a
crescent, skillfully placed by the rosy lips, attracted attention to
their dimples, and to the teeth, to which already every art had been
applied in order to heighten the dazzle of their natural whiteness.

To another slave, hitherto idle, was now consigned the charge of
arranging the jewels--the ear-rings of pearl (two to each ear)--the
massive bracelets of gold--the chain formed of rings of the same metal,
to which a talisman cut in crystals was attached--the graceful buckle on
the left shoulder, in which was set an exquisite cameo of Psyche--the
girdle of purple riband, richly wrought with threads of gold, and
clasped by interlacing serpents--and lastly, the various rings, fitted
to every joint of the white and slender fingers.  The toilet was now
arranged according to the last mode of Rome.  The fair Julia regarded
herself with a last gaze of complacent vanity, and reclining again upon
her seat, she bade the youngest of her slaves, in a listless tone, read
to her the enamoured couplets of Tibullus. This lecture was still
proceeding, when a female slave admitted Nydia into the presence of the
lady of the place.

'Salve, Julia!' said the flower-girl, arresting her steps within a few
paces from the spot where Julia sat, and crossing her arms upon her
breast.  'I have obeyed your commands.'

'You have done well, flower-girl,' answered the lady.  'Approach--you
may take a seat.'

One of the slaves placed a stool by Julia, and Nydia seated herself.

Julia looked hard at the Thessalian for some moments in rather an
embarrassed silence.  She then motioned her attendants to withdraw, and
to close the door.  When they were alone, she said, looking mechanically
from Nydia, and forgetful that she was with one who could not observe
her countenance:

'You serve the Neapolitan, Ione?'

'I am with her at present,' answered Nydia.

'Is she as handsome as they say?'

'I know not,' replied Nydia.  'How can I judge?'

'Ah! I should have remembered.  But thou hast ears, if not eyes.  Do thy
fellow-slaves tell thee she is handsome?  Slaves talking with one
another forget to flatter even their mistress.'

'They tell me that she is beautiful.'

'Hem!--say they that she is tall?'


'Why, so am I.  Dark haired?'

'I have heard so.'

'So am I.  And doth Glaucus visit her much?'

'Daily' returned Nydia, with a half-suppressed sigh.

'Daily, indeed!  Does he find her handsome?'

'I should think so, since they are so soon to be wedded.'

'Wedded!' cried Julia, turning pale even through the false roses on her
cheek, and starting from her couch.  Nydia did not, of course, perceive
the emotion she had caused.  Julia remained a long time silent; but her
heaving breast and flashing eyes would have betrayed, to one who could
have seen, the wound her vanity had sustained.

'They tell me thou art a Thessalian,' said she, at last breaking

'And truly!'

'Thessaly is the land of magic and of witches, of talismans and of
love-philtres,' said Julia.

'It has ever been celebrated for its sorcerers,' returned Nydia,

'Knowest thou, then, blind Thessalian, of any love-charms?'

'I!' said the flower-girl, coloring; 'I! how should I?  No, assuredly

'The worse for thee; I could have given thee gold enough to have
purchased thy freedom hadst thou been more wise.'

'But what,' asked Nydia, 'can induce the beautiful and wealthy Julia to
ask that question of her servant?  Has she not money, and youth, and
loveliness? Are they not love-charms enough to dispense with magic?'

'To all but one person in the world,' answered Julia, haughtily: 'but
methinks thy blindness is infectious; and...  But no matter.'

'And that one person?' said Nydia, eagerly.

'Is not Glaucus,' replied Julia, with the customary deceit of her sex.

Nydia drew her breath more freely, and after a short pause Julia

'But talking of Glaucus, and his attachment to this Neapolitan, reminded
me of the influence of love-spells, which, for ought I know or care, she
may have exercised upon him.  Blind girl, I love, and--shall Julia live
to say it?--am loved not in return!  This humbles--nay, not humbles--but
it stings my pride.  I would see this ingrate at my feet--not in order
that I might raise, but that I might spurn him.  When they told me thou
wert Thessalian, I imagined thy young mind might have learned the dark
secrets of thy clime.'

'Alas! no, murmured Nydia: 'would it had!'

'Thanks, at least, for that kindly wish,' said Julia, unconscious of
what was passing in the breast of the flower-girl.

'But tell me--thou hearest the gossip of slaves, always prone to these
dim beliefs; always ready to apply to sorcery for their own low
loves--hast thou ever heard of any Eastern magician in this city, who
possesses the art of which thou art ignorant?  No vain chiromancer, no
juggler of the market-place, but some more potent and mighty magician of
India or of Egypt?'

'Of Egypt?--yes!' said Nydia, shuddering.  'What Pompeian has not heard
of Arbaces?'

'Arbaces! true,' replied Julia, grasping at the recollection. 'They
say he is a man above all the petty and false impostures of dull
pretenders--that he is versed in the learning of the stars, and the
secrets of the ancient Nox; why not in the mysteries of love?'

'If there be one magician living whose art is above that of others, it
is that dread man,' answered Nydia; and she felt her talisman while she

'He is too wealthy to divine for money?' continued Julia, sneeringly.
'Can I not visit him?'

'It is an evil mansion for the young and the beautiful,' replied Nydia.
'I have heard, too, that he languishes in...'

'An evil mansion!' said Julia, catching only the first sentence. 'Why

'The orgies of his midnight leisure are impure and polluted--at least,
so says rumor.'

'By Ceres, by Pan, and by Cybele! thou dost but provoke my curiosity,
instead of exciting my fears,' returned the wayward and pampered
Pompeian. 'I will seek and question him of his lore.  If to these orgies
love be admitted--why the more likely that he knows its secrets!'

Nydia did not answer.

'I will seek him this very day,' resumed Julia; 'nay, why not this very

'At daylight, and in his present state, thou hast assuredly the less to
fear,' answered Nydia, yielding to her own sudden and secret wish to
learn if the dark Egyptian were indeed possessed of those spells to
rivet and attract love, of which the Thessalian had so often heard.

'And who dare insult the rich daughter of Diomed?' said Julia,
haughtily. 'I will go.'

'May I visit thee afterwards to learn the result?' asked Nydia,

'Kiss me for thy interest in Julia's honour,' answered the lady. 'Yes,
assuredly.  This eve we sup abroad--come hither at the same hour
to-morrow, and thou shalt know all: I may have to employ thee too; but
enough for the present.  Stay, take this bracelet for the new thought
thou hast inspired me with; remember, if thou servest Julia, she is
grateful and she is generous.'

'I cannot take thy present,' said Nydia, putting aside the bracelet;
'but young as I am, I can sympathize unbought with those who love--and
love in vain.'

'Sayest thou so!' returned Julia.  'Thou speakest like a free woman--and
thou shalt yet be free--farewell!'

Chapter VIII


ARBACES was seated in a chamber which opened on a kind of balcony or
portico that fronted his garden.  His cheek was pale and worn with the
sufferings he had endured, but his iron frame had already recovered from
the severest effects of that accident which had frustrated his fell
designs in the moment of victory.  The air that came fragrantly to his
brow revived his languid senses, and the blood circulated more freely
than it had done for days through his shrunken veins.

'So, then,' thought he, 'the storm of fate has broken and blown
over--the evil which my lore predicted, threatening life itself, has
chanced--and yet I live!  It came as the stars foretold; and now the
long, bright, and prosperous career which was to succeed that evil, if I
survived it, smiles beyond: I have passed--I have subdued the latest
danger of my destiny.  Now I have but to lay out the gardens of my
future fate--unterrified and secure. First, then, of all my pleasures,
even before that of love, shall come revenge!  This boy Greek--who has
crossed my passion--thwarted my designs--baffled me even when the blade
was about to drink his accursed blood--shall not a second time escape
me!  But for the method of my vengeance?  Of that let me ponder well!
Oh! Ate, if thou art indeed a goddess, fill me with thy direst
Inspiration!' The Egyptian sank into an intent reverie, which did not
seem to present to him any clear or satisfactory suggestions.  He
changed his position restlessly, as he revolved scheme after scheme,
which no sooner occurred than it was dismissed: several times he struck
his breast and groaned aloud, with the desire of vengeance, and a sense
of his impotence to accomplish it. While thus absorbed, a boy slave
timidly entered the chamber.

A female, evidently of rank from her dress, and that of the single slave
who attended her, waited below and sought an audience with Arbaces.

'A female!' his heart beat quick.  'Is she young?'

'Her face is concealed by her veil; but her form is slight, yet round,
as that of youth.'

'Admit her,' said the Egyptian: for a moment his vain heart dreamed the
stranger might be Ione.

The first glance of the visitor now entering the apartment sufficed to
undeceive so erring a fancy.  True, she was about the same height as
Ione, and perhaps the same age--true, she was finely and richly
formed--but where was that undulating and ineffable grace which
accompanied every motion of the peerless Neapolitan--the chaste and
decorous garb, so simple even in the care of its arrangement--the
dignified yet bashful step--the majesty of womanhood and its modesty?

'Pardon me that I rise with pain,' said Arbaces, gazing on the stranger:
'I am still suffering from recent illness.'

'Do not disturb thyself, O great Egyptian!' returned Julia, seeking to
disguise the fear she already experienced beneath the ready resort of
flattery; 'and forgive an unfortunate female, who seeks consolation from
thy wisdom.'

'Draw near, fair stranger,' said Arbaces; 'and speak without
apprehension or reserve.'

Julia placed herself on a seat beside the Egyptian, and wonderingly
gazed around an apartment whose elaborate and costly luxuries shamed
even the ornate enrichment of her father's mansion; fearfully, too, she
regarded the hieroglyphical inscriptions on the walls--the faces of the
mysterious images, which at every corner gazed upon her--the tripod at a
little distance--and, above all, the grave and remarkable countenance of
Arbaces himself: a long white robe like a veil half covered his raven
locks, and flowed to his feet: his face was made even more impressive by
its present paleness; and his dark and penetrating eyes seemed to pierce
the shelter of her veil, and explore the secrets of her vain and
unfeminine soul.

'And what,' said his low, deep voice, 'brings thee, O maiden! to the
house of the Eastern stranger?'

'His fame,' replied Julia.

'In what?' said he, with a strange and slight smile.

'Canst thou ask, O wise Arbaces?  Is not thy knowledge the very gossip
theme of Pompeii?'

'Some little lore have I indeed, treasured up,' replied Arbaces: 'but in
what can such serious and sterile secrets benefit the ear of beauty?'

'Alas!' said Julia, a little cheered by the accustomed accents of
adulation; 'does not sorrow fly to wisdom for relief, and they who love
unrequitedly, are not they the chosen victims of grief?'

'Ha!' said Arbaces, 'can unrequited love be the lot of so fair a form,
whose modelled proportions are visible even beneath the folds of thy
graceful robe?  Deign, O maiden! to lift thy veil, that I may see at
least if the face correspond in loveliness with the form.'

Not unwilling, perhaps, to exhibit her charms, and thinking they were
likely to interest the magician in her fate, Julia, after some slight
hesitation, raised her veil, and revealed a beauty which, but for art,
had been indeed attractive to the fixed gaze of the Egyptian.

'Thou comest to me for advice in unhappy love,' said he; 'well, turn
that face on the ungrateful one: what other love-charm can I give thee?'

'Oh, cease these courtesies!' said Julia; 'it is a love-charm, indeed,
that I would ask from thy skill!'

'Fair stranger!' replied Arbaces, somewhat scornfully, 'love-spells are
not among the secrets I have wasted the midnight oil to attain.'

'Is it indeed so?  Then pardon me, great Arbaces, and farewell!'

'Stay,' said Arbaces, who, despite his passion for Ione, was not unmoved
by the beauty of his visitor; and had he been in the flush of a more
assured health, might have attempted to console the fair Julia by other
means than those of supernatural wisdom.

'Stay; although I confess that I have left the witchery of philtres and
potions to those whose trade is in such knowledge, yet am I myself not
so dull to beauty but that in earlier youth I may have employed them in
my own behalf.  I may give thee advice, at least, if thou wilt be candid
with me. Tell me then, first, art thou unmarried, as thy dress

'Yes,' said Julia.

'And, being unblest with fortune, wouldst thou allure some wealthy

'I am richer than he who disdains me.'

'Strange and more strange!  And thou lovest him who loves not thee?'

'I know not if I love him,' answered Julia, haughtily; 'but I know that
I would see myself triumph over a rival--I would see him who rejected me
my suitor--I would see her whom he has preferred in her turn despised.'

'A natural ambition and a womanly,' said the Egyptian, in a tone too
grave for irony.  'Yet more, fair maiden; wilt thou confide to me the
name of thy lover?  Can he be Pompeian, and despise wealth, even if
blind to beauty?'

'He is of Athens,' answered Julia, looking down.

'Ha!' cried the Egyptian, impetuously, as the blood rushed to his cheek;
'there is but one Athenian, young and noble, in Pompeii. Can it be
Glaucus of whom thou speakest!'

'Ah! betray me not--so indeed they call him.'

The Egyptian sank back, gazing vacantly on the averted face of the
merchant's daughter, and muttering inly to himself: this conference,
with which he had hitherto only trifled, amusing himself with the
credulity and vanity of his visitor--might it not minister to his

'I see thou canst assist me not,' said Julia, offended by his continued
silence; 'guard at least my secret.  Once more, farewell!'

'Maiden,' said the Egyptian, in an earnest and serious tone, 'thy suit
hath touched me--I will minister to thy will.  Listen to me; I have not
myself dabbled in these lesser mysteries, but I know one who hath.  At
the base of Vesuvius, less than a league from the city, there dwells a
powerful witch; beneath the rank dews of the new moon, she has gathered
the herbs which possess the virtue to chain Love in eternal fetters.
Her art can bring thy lover to thy feet.  Seek her, and mention to her
the name of Arbaces: she fears that name, and will give thee her most
potent philtres.'

'Alas!' answered Julia, I know not the road to the home of her whom thou
speakest of: the way, short though it be, is long to traverse for a girl
who leaves, unknown, the house of her father. The country is entangled
with wild vines, and dangerous with precipitous caverns.  I dare not
trust to mere strangers to guide me; the reputation of women of my rank
is easily tarnished--and though I care not who knows that I love
Glaucus, I would not have it imagined that I obtained his love by a

'Were I but three days advanced in health,' said the Egyptian, rising
and walking (as if to try his strength) across the chamber, but with
irregular and feeble steps, 'I myself would accompany thee.  Well, thou
must wait.'

'But Glaucus is soon to wed that hated Neapolitan.'


'Yes; in the early part of next month.'

'So soon!  Art thou well advised of this?'

'From the lips of her own slave.'

'It shall not be!' said the Egyptian, impetuously.  'Fear nothing,
Glaucus shall be thine.  Yet how, when thou obtainest it, canst thou
administer to him this potion?'

'My father has invited him, and, I believe, the Neapolitan also, to a
banquet, on the day following to-morrow: I shall then have the
opportunity to administer it.'

'So be it!' said the Egyptian, with eyes flashing such fierce joy, that
Julia's gaze sank trembling beneath them.  'To-morrow eve, then, order
thy litter--thou hast one at thy command?'

'Surely--yes,' returned the purse-proud Julia.

'Order thy litter--at two miles' distance from the city is a house of
entertainment, frequented by the wealthier Pompeians, from the
excellence of its baths, and the beauty of its gardens.  There canst
thou pretend only to shape thy course--there, ill or dying, I will meet
thee by the statue of Silenus, in the copse that skirts the garden; and
I myself will guide thee to the witch.  Let us wait till, with the
evening star, the goats of the herdsmen are gone to rest; when the dark
twilight conceals us, and none shall cross our steps.  Go home and fear
not.  By Hades, swears Arbaces, the sorcerer of Egypt, that Ione shall
never wed with Glaucus.'

'And that Glaucus shall be mine,' added Julia, filling up the
incompleted sentence.

'Thou hast said it!' replied Arbaces; and Julia, half frightened at this
unhallowed appointment, but urged on by jealousy and the pique of
rivalship, even more than love, resolved to fulfill it.

Left alone, Arbaces burst forth:

'Bright stars that never lie, ye already begin the execution of your
promises--success in love, and victory over foes, for the rest of my
smooth existence.  In the very hour when my mind could devise no clue to
the goal of vengeance, have ye sent this fair fool for my guide?' He
paused in deep thought.  'Yes,' said he again, but in a calmer voice; 'I
could not myself have given to her the poison, that shall be indeed a
philtre!--his death might be thus tracked to my door.  But the
witch--ay, there is the fit, the natural agent of my designs!'

He summoned one of his slaves, bade him hasten to track the steps of
Julia, and acquaint himself with her name and condition.  This done, he
stepped forth into the portico.  The skies were serene and clear; but
he, deeply read in the signs of their various change, beheld in one mass
of cloud, far on the horizon, which the wind began slowly to agitate,
that a storm was brooding above.

'It is like my vengeance,' said he, as he gazed; 'the sky is clear, but
the cloud moves on.'

Chapter IX


IT was when the heats of noon died gradually away from the earth, that
Glaucus and Ione went forth to enjoy the cooled and grateful air.  At
that time, various carriages were in use among the Romans; the one most
used by the richer citizens, when they required no companion in their
excursion, was the biga, already described in the early portion of this
work; that appropriated to the matrons, was termed carpentum, which had
commonly two wheels; the ancients used also a sort of litter, a vast
sedan-chair, more commodiously arranged than the modern, inasmuch as the
occupant thereof could lie down at ease, instead of being
perpendicularly and stiffly jostled up and down.  There was another
carriage, used both for travelling and for excursions in the country; it
was commodious, containing three or four persons with ease, having a
covering which could be raised at pleasure; and, in short, answering
very much the purpose of (though very different in shape from) the
modern britska.  It was a vehicle of this description that the lovers,
accompanied by one female slave of Ione, now used in their excursion.
About ten miles from the city, there was at that day an old ruin, the
remains of a temple, evidently Grecian; and as for Glaucus and Ione
everything Grecian possessed an interest, they had agreed to visit these
ruins: it was thither they were now bound.

Their road lay among vines and olive-groves; till, winding more and more
towards the higher ground of Vesuvius, the path grew rugged; the mules
moved slowly, and with labor; and at every opening in the wood they
beheld those grey and horrent caverns indenting the parched rock, which
Strabo has described; but which the various revolutions of time and the
volcano have removed from the present aspect of the mountain.  The sun,
sloping towards his descent, cast long and deep shadows over the
mountain; here and there they still heard the rustic reed of the
shepherd amongst copses of the beechwood and wild oak.  Sometimes they
marked the form of the silk-haired and graceful capella, with its
wreathing horn and bright grey eye--which, still beneath Ausonian skies,
recalls the eclogues of Maro, browsing half-way up the hills; and the
grapes, already purple with the smiles of the deepening summer, glowed
out from the arched festoons, which hung pendent from tree to tree.
Above them, light clouds floated in the serene heavens, sweeping so
slowly athwart the firmament that they scarcely seemed to stir; while,
on their right, they caught, ever and anon, glimpses of the waveless
sea, with some light bark skimming its surface; and the sunlight
breaking over the deep in those countless and softest hues so peculiar
to that delicious sea.

'How beautiful!' said Glaucus, in a half-whispered tone, 'is that
expression by which we call Earth our Mother!  With what a kindly equal
love she pours her blessings upon her children! and even to those
sterile spots to which Nature has denied beauty, she yet contrives to
dispense her smiles: witness the arbutus and the vine, which she
wreathes over the arid and burning soil of yon extinct volcano.  Ah! in
such an hour and scene as this, well might we imagine that the Faun
should peep forth from those green festoons; or, that we might trace the
steps of the Mountain Nymph through the thickest mazes of the glade.
But the Nymphs ceased, beautiful Ione, when thou wert created!'

There is no tongue that flatters like a lover's; and yet, in the
exaggeration of his feelings, flattery seems to him commonplace. Strange
and prodigal exuberance, which soon exhausts itself by overflowing!

They arrived at the ruins; they examined them with that fondness with
which we trace the hallowed and household vestiges of our own
ancestry--they lingered there till Hesperus appeared in the rosy
heavens; and then returning homeward in the twilight, they were more
silent than they had been; for in the shadow and beneath the stars they
felt more oppressively their mutual love.

It was at this time that the storm which the Egyptian had predicted
began to creep visibly over them.  At first, a low and distant thunder
gave warning of the approaching conflict of the elements; and then
rapidly rushed above the dark ranks of the serried clouds.  The
suddenness of storms in that climate is something almost preternatural,
and might well suggest to early superstition the notion of a divine
agency--a few large drops broke heavily among the boughs that half
overhung their path, and then, swift and intolerably bright, the forked
lightning darted across their very eyes, and was swallowed up by the
increasing darkness.

'Swifter, good Carrucarius!' cried Glaucus to the driver; 'the tempest
comes on apace.'

The slave urged on the mules--they went swift over the uneven and stony
road--the clouds thickened, near and more near broke the thunder, and
fast rushed the dashing rain.

'Dost thou fear?' whispered Glaucus, as he sought excuse in the storm to
come nearer to Ione.

'Not with thee,' said she, softly.

At that instant, the carriage, fragile and ill-contrived (as, despite
their graceful shapes, were, for practical uses, most of such inventions
at that time), struck violently into a deep rut, over which lay a log of
fallen wood; the driver, with a curse, stimulated his mules yet faster
for the obstacle, the wheel was torn from the socket, and the carriage
suddenly overset.

Glaucus, quickly extricating himself from the vehicle, hastened to
assist Ione, who was fortunately unhurt; with some difficulty they
raised the carruca (or carriage), and found that it ceased any longer
even to afford them shelter; the springs that fastened the covering were
snapped asunder, and the rain poured fast and fiercely into the

In this dilemma, what was to be done?  They were yet some distance from
the city--no house, no aid, seemed near.

'There is,' said the slave, 'a smith about a mile off; I could seek him,
and he might fasten at least the wheel to the carruca--but, Jupiter! how
the rain beats; my mistress will be wet before I come back.'

'Run thither at least,' said Glaucus; 'we must find the best shelter we
can till you return.'

The lane was overshadowed with trees, beneath the amplest of which
Glaucus drew Ione.  He endeavored, by stripping his own cloak, to shield
her yet more from the rapid rain; but it descended with a fury that
broke through all puny obstacles: and suddenly, while Glaucus was yet
whispering courage to his beautiful charge, the lightning struck one of
the trees immediately before them, and split with a mighty crash its
huge trunk in twain.  This awful incident apprised them of the danger
they braved in their present shelter, and Glaucus looked anxiously round
for some less perilous place of refuge.  'We are now,' said he,
'half-way up the ascent of Vesuvius; there ought to be some cavern, or
hollow in the vine-clad rocks, could we but find it, in which the
deserting Nymphs have left a shelter.' While thus saying he moved from
the trees, and, looking wistfully towards the mountain, discovered
through the advancing gloom a red and tremulous light at no considerable
distance. 'That must come,' said he, 'from the hearth of some shepherd
or vine-dresser--it will guide us to some hospitable retreat.  Wilt thou
stay here, while I--yet no--that would be to leave thee to danger.'

'I will go with you cheerfully,' said Ione.  'Open as the space seems,
it is better than the treacherous shelter of these boughs.'

Half leading, half carrying Ione, Glaucus, accompanied by the trembling
female slave, advanced towards the light, which yet burned red and
steadfastly.  At length the space was no longer open; wild vines
entangled their steps, and hid from them, save by imperfect intervals,
the guiding beam.  But faster and fiercer came the rain, and the
lightning assumed its most deadly and blasting form; they were still
therefore, impelled onward, hoping, at last, if the light eluded them,
to arrive at some cottage or some friendly cavern.  The vines grew more
and more intricate--the light was entirely snatched from them; but a
narrow path, which they trod with labor and pain, guided only by the
constant and long-lingering flashes of the storm, continued to lead them
towards its direction.  The rain ceased suddenly; precipitous and rough
crags of scorched lava frowned before them, rendered more fearful by the
lightning that illumined the dark and dangerous soil.  Sometimes the
blaze lingered over the iron-grey heaps of scoria, covered in part with
ancient mosses or stunted trees, as if seeking in vain for some gentler
product of earth, more worthy of its ire; and sometimes leaving the
whole of that part of the scene in darkness, the lightning, broad and
sheeted, hung redly over the ocean, tossing far below, until its waves
seemed glowing into fire; and so intense was the blaze, that it brought
vividly into view even the sharp outline of the more distant windings of
the bay, from the eternal Misenum, with its lofty brow, to the beautiful
Sorrentum and the giant hills behind.

Our lovers stopped in perplexity and doubt, when suddenly, as the
darkness that gloomed between the fierce flashes of lightning once more
wrapped them round, they saw near, but high, before them, the mysterious
light.  Another blaze, in which heaven and earth were reddened, made
visible to them the whole expanse; no house was near, but just where
they had beheld the light, they thought they saw in the recess of the
cavern the outline of a human form.  The darkness once more returned;
the light, no longer paled beneath the fires of heaven, burned forth
again: they resolved to ascend towards it; they had to wind their way
among vast fragments of stone, here and there overhung with wild bushes;
but they gained nearer and nearer to the light, and at length they stood
opposite the mouth of a kind of cavern, apparently formed by huge
splinters of rock that had fallen transversely athwart each other: and,
looking into the gloom, each drew back involuntarily with a
superstitious fear and chill.

A fire burned in the far recess of the cave; and over it was a small
cauldron; on a tall and thin column of iron stood a rude lamp; over that
part of the wall, at the base of which burned the fire, hung in many
rows, as if to dry, a profusion of herbs and weeds.  A fox, couched
before the fire, gazed upon the strangers with its bright and red
eye--its hair bristling--and a low growl stealing from between its
teeth; in the centre of the cave was an earthen statue, which had three
heads of a singular and fantastic cast: they were formed by the real
skulls of a dog, a horse, and a boar; a low tripod stood before this
wild representation of the popular Hecate.

But it was not these appendages and appliances of the cave that thrilled
the blood of those who gazed fearfully therein--it was the face of its
inmate. Before the fire, with the light shining full upon her features,
sat a woman of considerable age.  Perhaps in no country are there seen
so many hags as in Italy--in no country does beauty so awfully change,
in age, to hideousness the most appalling and revolting.  But the old
woman now before them was not one of these specimens of the extreme of
human ugliness; on the contrary, her countenance betrayed the remains of
a regular but high and aquiline order of feature: with stony eyes turned
upon them--with a look that met and fascinated theirs--they beheld in
that fearful countenance the very image of a corpse!--the same, the
glazed and lustreless regard, the blue and shrunken lips, the drawn and
hollow jaw--the dead, lank hair, of a pale grey--the livid, green,
ghastly skin, which seemed all surely tinged and tainted by the grave!

'It is a dead thing,' said Glaucus.

'Nay--it stirs--it is a ghost or larva,' faltered Ione, as she clung to
the Athenian's breast.

'Oh, away, away!' groaned the slave, 'it is the Witch of Vesuvius!'

'Who are ye?' said a hollow and ghostly voice.  'And what do ye here?'

The sound, terrible and deathlike as it was--suiting well the
countenance of the speaker, and seeming rather the voice of some
bodiless wanderer of the Styx than living mortal, would have made Ione
shrink back into the pitiless fury of the storm, but Glaucus, though not
without some misgiving, drew her into the cavern.

'We are storm-beaten wanderers from the neighboring city,' said he, 'and
decoyed hither by yon light; we crave shelter and the comfort of your

As he spoke, the fox rose from the ground, and advanced towards the
strangers, showing, from end to end, its white teeth, and deepening in
its menacing growl.

'Down, slave!' said the witch; and at the sound of her voice the beast
dropped at once, covering its face with its brush, and keeping only its
quick, vigilant eye fixed upon the invaders of its repose. 'Come to the
fire if ye will!' said she, turning to Glaucus and his companions.  'I
never welcome living thing--save the owl, the fox, the toad, and the
viper--so I cannot welcome ye; but come to the fire without welcome--why
stand upon form?'

The language in which the hag addressed them was a strange and barbarous
Latin, interlarded with many words of some more rude, and ancient
dialect. She did not stir from her seat, but gazed stonily upon them as
Glaucus now released Ione of her outer wrapping garments, and making her
place herself on a log of wood, which was the only other seat he
perceived at hand--fanned with his breath the embers into a more glowing
flame.  The slave, encouraged by the boldness of her superiors, divested
herself also of her long palla, and crept timorously to the opposite
corner of the hearth.

'We disturb you, I fear,' said the silver voice of Ione, in

The witch did not reply--she seemed like one who has awakened for a
moment from the dead, and has then relapsed once more into the eternal

'Tell me,' said she, suddenly, and after a long pause, 'are ye brother
and sister?'

'No,' said Ione, blushing.

'Are ye married?'

'Not so,' replied Glaucus.

'Ho, lovers!--ha!--ha!--ha!' and the witch laughed so loud and so long
that the caverns rang again.

The heart of Ione stood still at that strange mirth.  Glaucus muttered a
rapid counterspell to the omen--and the slave turned as pale as the
cheek of the witch herself.

'Why dost thou laugh, old crone?' said Glaucus, somewhat sternly, as he
concluded his invocation.

'Did I laugh?' said the hag, absently.

'She is in her dotage,' whispered Glaucus: as he said this, he caught
the eye of the hag fixed upon him with a malignant and vivid glare.

'Thou liest!' said she, abruptly.

'Thou art an uncourteous welcomer,' returned Glaucus.

'Hush! provoke her not, dear Glaucus!' whispered Ione.

'I will tell thee why I laughed when I discovered ye were lovers,' said
the old woman.  'It was because it is a pleasure to the old and withered
to look upon young hearts like yours--and to know the time will come
when you will loathe each other--loathe--loathe--ha!--ha!--ha!'

It was now Ione's turn to pray against the unpleasing prophecy.

'The gods forbid!' said she.  'Yet, poor woman, thou knowest little of
love, or thou wouldst know that it never changes.'

'Was I young once, think ye?' returned the hag, quickly; 'and am I old,
and hideous, and deathly now?  Such as is the form, so is the heart.'
With these words she sank again into a stillness profound and fearful,
as if the cessation of life itself.

'Hast thou dwelt here long?' said Glaucus, after a pause, feeling
uncomfortably oppressed beneath a silence so appalling.

'Ah, long!--yes.'

'It is but a drear abode.'

'Ha! thou mayst well say that--Hell is beneath us!' replied the hag,
pointing her bony finger to the earth.  'And I will tell thee a
secret--the dim things below are preparing wrath for ye above--you, the
young, and the thoughtless, and the beautiful.'

'Thou utterest but evil words, ill becoming the hospitable,' said
Glaucus; 'and in future I will brave the tempest rather than thy

'Thou wilt do well.  None should ever seek me--save the wretched!'

'And why the wretched?' asked the Athenian.

'I am the witch of the mountain,' replied the sorceress, with a ghastly
grin; 'my trade is to give hope to the hopeless: for the crossed in love
I have philtres; for the avaricious, promises of treasure; for the
malicious, potions of revenge; for the happy and the good, I have only
what life has--curses!  Trouble me no more.

With this the grim tenant of the cave relapsed into a silence so
obstinate and sullen, that Glaucus in vain endeavored to draw her into
farther conversation.  She did not evince, by any alteration of her
locked and rigid features, that she even heard him.  Fortunately,
however, the storm, which was brief as violent, began now to relax; the
rain grew less and less fierce; and at last, as the clouds parted, the
moon burst forth in the purple opening of heaven, and streamed clear and
full into that desolate abode.  Never had she shone, perhaps, on a group
more worthy of the painter's art.  The young, the all-beautiful Ione,
seated by that rude fire--her lover already forgetful of the presence of
the hag, at her feet, gazing upward to her face, and whispering sweet
words--the pale and affrighted slave at a little distance--and the
ghastly hag resting her deadly eyes upon them; yet seemingly serene and
fearless (for the companionship of love hath such power) were these
beautiful beings, things of another sphere, in that dark and unholy
cavern, with its gloomy quaintness of appurtenance.  The fox regarded
them from his corner with his keen and fiery eye: and as Glaucus now
turned towards the witch, he perceived for the first time, just under
her seat, the bright gaze and crested head of a large snake: whether it
was that the vivid coloring of the Athenian's cloak, thrown over the
shoulders of Ione, attracted the reptile's anger--its crest began to
glow and rise, as if menacing and preparing itself to spring upon the
Neapolitan--Glaucus caught quickly at one of the half-burned logs upon
the hearth--and, as if enraged at the action, the snake came forth from
its shelter, and with a loud hiss raised itself on end till its height
nearly approached that of the Greek.

'Witch!' cried Glaucus, 'command thy creature, or thou wilt see it

'It has been despoiled of its venom!' said the witch, aroused at his
threat; but ere the words had left her lip, the snake had sprung upon
Glaucus; quick and watchful, the agile Greek leaped lightly aside, and
struck so fell and dexterous a blow on the head of the snake, that it
fell prostrate and writhing among the embers of the fire.

The hag sprung up, and stood confronting Glaucus with a face which would
have befitted the fiercest of the Furies, so utterly dire and wrathful
was its expression--yet even in horror and ghastliness preserving the
outline and trace of beauty--and utterly free from that coarse grotesque
at which the imaginations of the North have sought the source of terror.
'Thou hast,' said she, in a slow and steady voice--which belied the
expression of her face, so much was it passionless and calm--'thou hast
had shelter under my roof, and warmth at my hearth; thou hast returned
evil for good; thou hast smitten and haply slain the thing that loved me
and was mine: nay, more, the creature, above all others, consecrated to
gods and deemed venerable by man,--now hear thy punishment.  By the
moon, who is the guardian of the sorceress--by Orcus, who is the
treasurer of wrath--I curse thee! and thou art cursed!  May thy love be
blasted--may thy name be blackened--may the infernals mark thee--may thy
heart wither and scorch--may thy last hour recall to thee the prophet
voice of the Saga of Vesuvius!  And thou,' she added, turning sharply
towards Ione, and raising her right arm, when Glaucus burst impetuously
on her speech:

'Hag!' cried he, 'forbear!  Me thou hast cursed, and I commit myself to
the gods--I defy and scorn thee! but breathe but one word against yon
maiden, and I will convert the oath on thy foul lips to thy dying groan.

'I have done,' replied the hag, laughing wildly; 'for in thy doom is she
who loves thee accursed.  And not the less, that I heard her lips
breathe thy name, and know by what word to commend thee to the demons.
Glaucus--thou art doomed!' So saying, the witch turned from the
Athenian, and kneeling down beside her wounded favorite, which she
dragged from the hearth, she turned to them her face no more.

'O Glaucus!' said Ione, greatly terrified, 'what have we done?--Let us
hasten from this place; the storm has ceased.  Good mistress, forgive
him--recall thy words--he meant but to defend himself--accept this
peace-offering to unsay the said': and Ione, stooping, placed her purse
on the hag's lap.

'Away!' said she, bitterly--'away!  The oath once woven the Fates only
can untie.  Away!'

'Come, dearest!' said Glaucus, impatiently.  'Thinkest thou that the
gods above us or below hear the impotent ravings of dotage?  Come!'

Long and loud rang the echoes of the cavern with the dread laugh of the
Saga--she deigned no further reply.

The lovers breathed more freely when they gained the open air: yet the
scene they had witnessed, the words and the laughter of the witch, still
fearfully dwelt with Ione; and even Glaucus could not thoroughly shake
off the impression they bequeathed.  The storm had subsided--save, now
and then, a low thunder muttered at the distance amidst the darker
clouds, or a momentary flash of lightning affronted the sovereignty of
the moon.  With some difficulty they regained the road, where they found
the vehicle already sufficiently repaired for their departure, and the
carrucarius calling loudly upon Hercules to tell him where his charge
had vanished.

Glaucus vainly endeavored to cheer the exhausted spirits of Ione; and
scarce less vainly to recover the elastic tone of his own natural
gaiety.  They soon arrived before the gate of the city: as it opened to
them, a litter borne by slaves impeded the way.

'It is too late for egress,' cried the sentinel to the inmate of the

'Not so,' said a voice, which the lovers started to hear; it was a voice
they well recognized.  'I am bound to the villa of Marcus Polybius.  I
shall return shortly.  I am Arbaces the Egyptian.'

The scruples of him at the gate were removed, and the litter passed
close beside the carriage that bore the lovers.

'Arbaces, at this hour!--scarce recovered too, methinks!--Whither and
for what can he leave the city?' said Glaucus.

'Alas!' replied Ione, bursting into tears, 'my soul feels still more and
more the omen of evil.  Preserve us, O ye Gods! or at least,' she
murmured inly, 'preserve my Glaucus!'

Chapter X


ARBACES had tarried only till the cessation of the tempest allowed him,
under cover of night, to seek the Saga of Vesuvius.  Borne by those of
his trustier slaves in whom in all more secret expeditions he was
accustomed to confide, he lay extended along his litter, and resigning
his sanguine heart to the contemplation of vengeance gratified and love
possessed.  The slaves in so short a journey moved very little slower
than the ordinary pace of mules; and Arbaces soon arrived at the
commencement of a narrow path, which the lovers had not been fortunate
enough to discover; but which, skirting the thick vines, led at once to
the habitation of the witch.  Here he rested the litter; and bidding his
slaves conceal themselves and the vehicle among the vines from the
observation of any chance passenger, he mounted alone, with steps still
feeble but supported by a long staff, the drear and sharp ascent.

Not a drop of rain fell from the tranquil heaven; but the moisture
dripped mournfully from the laden boughs of the vine, and now and then
collected in tiny pools in the crevices and hollows of the rocky way.

'Strange passions these for a philosopher,' thought Arbaces, 'that lead
one like me just new from the bed of death, and lapped even in health
amidst the roses of luxury, across such nocturnal paths as this; but
Passion and Vengeance treading to their goal can make an Elysium of a
Tartarus.' High, clear, and melancholy shone the moon above the road of
that dark wayfarer, glossing herself in every pool that lay before him,
and sleeping in shadow along the sloping mount. He saw before him the
same light that had guided the steps of his intended victims, but, no
longer contrasted by the blackened clouds, it shone less redly clear.

He paused, as at length he approached the mouth of the cavern, to
recover breath; and then, with his wonted collected and stately mien, he
crossed the unhallowed threshold.

The fox sprang up at the ingress of this newcomer, and by a long howl
announced another visitor to his mistress.

The witch had resumed her seat, and her aspect of gravelike and grim
repose. By her feet, upon a bed of dry weeds which half covered it, lay
the wounded snake; but the quick eye of the Egyptian caught its scales
glittering in the reflected light of the opposite fire, as it
writhed--now contracting, now lengthening, its folds, in pain and
unsated anger.

'Down, slave!' said the witch, as before, to the fox; and, as before,
the animal dropped to the ground--mute, but vigilant.

'Rise, servant of Nox and Erebus!' said Arbaces, commandingly; 'a
superior in thine art salutes thee! rise, and welcome him.'

At these words the hag turned her gaze upon the Egyptian's towering form
and dark features.  She looked long and fixedly upon him, as he stood
before her in his Oriental robe, and folded arms, and steadfast and
haughty brow.  'Who art thou,' she said at last, 'that callest thyself
greater in art than the Saga of the Burning Fields, and the daughter of
the perished Etrurian race?'

'I am he,' answered Arbaces, 'from whom all cultivators of magic, from
north to south, from east to west, from the Ganges and the Nile to the
vales of Thessaly and the shores of the yellow Tiber, have stooped to

'There is but one such man in these places,' answered the witch, 'whom
the men of the outer world, unknowing his loftier attributes and more
secret fame, call Arbaces the Egyptian: to us of a higher nature and
deeper knowledge, his rightful appellation is Hermes of the Burning

'Look again, returned Arbaces: 'I am he.'

As he spoke he drew aside his robe, and revealed a cincture seemingly of
fire, that burned around his waist, clasped in the centre by a plate
whereon was engraven some sign apparently vague and unintelligible but
which was evidently not unknown to the Saga.  She rose hastily, and
threw herself at the feet of Arbaces.  'I have seen, then,' said she, in
a voice of deep humility, 'the Lord of the Mighty Girdle--vouchsafe my

'Rise,' said the Egyptian; 'I have need of thee.'

So saying, he placed himself on the same log of wood on which Ione had
rested before, and motioned to the witch to resume her seat.

'Thou sayest,' said he, as she obeyed, 'that thou art a daughter of the
ancient Etrurian tribes; the mighty walls of whose rock-built cities yet
frown above the robber race that hath seized upon their ancient reign.
Partly came those tribes from Greece, partly were they exiles from a
more burning and primeval soil.  In either case art thou of Egyptian
lineage, for the Grecian masters of the aboriginal helot were among the
restless sons whom the Nile banished from her bosom.  Equally, then, O
Saga! thy descent is from ancestors that swore allegiance to mine own.
By birth as by knowledge, art thou the subject of Arbaces.  Hear me,
then, and obey!'

The witch bowed her head.

'Whatever art we possess in sorcery,' continued Arbaces, 'we are
sometimes driven to natural means to attain our object.  The ring and
the crystal, and the ashes and the herbs, do not give unerring
divinations; neither do the higher mysteries of the moon yield even the
possessor of the girdle a dispensation from the necessity of employing
ever and anon human measures for a human object.  Mark me, then: thou
art deeply skilled, methinks, in the secrets of the more deadly herbs;
thou knowest those which arrest life, which burn and scorch the soul
from out her citadel, or freeze the channels of young blood into that
ice which no sun can melt.  Do I overrate thy skill?  Speak, and truly!'

'Mighty Hermes, such lore is, indeed, mine own.  Deign to look at these
ghostly and corpse-like features; they have waned from the hues of life
merely by watching over the rank herbs which simmer night and day in yon

The Egyptian moved his seat from so unblessed or so unhealthful a
vicinity as the witch spoke.

'It is well,' said he; 'thou hast learned that maxim of all the deeper
knowledge which saith, "Despise the body to make wise the mind." But to
thy task.  There cometh to thee by to-morrow's starlight a vain maiden,
seeking of thine art a love-charm to fascinate from another the eyes
that should utter but soft tales to her own: instead of thy philtres,
give the maiden one of thy most powerful poisons.  Let the lover breathe
his vows to the Shades.'

The witch trembled from head to foot.

'Oh pardon! pardon! dread master,' said she, falteringly, 'but this I
dare not.  The law in these cities is sharp and vigilant; they will
seize, they will slay me.'

'For what purpose, then, thy herbs and thy potions, vain Saga?' said
Arbaces, sneeringly.

The witch hid her loathsome face with her hands.

'Oh! years ago,' said she, in a voice unlike her usual tones, so
plaintive was it, and so soft, 'I was not the thing that I am now.  I
loved, I fancied myself beloved.'

'And what connection hath thy love, witch, with my commands?' said
Arbaces, impetuously.

'Patience,' resumed the witch; 'patience, I implore.  I loved! another
and less fair than I--yes, by Nemesis! less fair--allured from me my
chosen.  I was of that dark Etrurian tribe to whom most of all were
known the secrets of the gloomier magic.  My mother was herself a saga:
she shared the resentment of her child; from her hands I received the
potion that was to restore me his love; and from her, also, the poison
that was to destroy my rival.  Oh, crush me, dread walls! my trembling
hands mistook the phials, my lover fell indeed at my feet; but dead!
dead! dead!  Since then, what has been life to me I became suddenly old,
I devoted myself to the sorceries of my race; still by an irresistible
impulse I curse myself with an awful penance; still I seek the most
noxious herbs; still I concoct the poisons; still I imagine that I am to
give them to my hated rival; still I pour them into the phial; still I
fancy that they shall blast her beauty to the dust; still I wake and see
the quivering body, the foaming lips, the glazing eyes of my
Aulus--murdered, and by me!'

The skeleton frame of the witch shook beneath strong convulsions.

Arbaces gazed upon her with a curious though contemptuous eye.

'And this foul thing has yet human emotions!' thought he; 'still she
cowers over the ashes of the same fire that consumes Arbaces!--Such are
we all! Mystic is the tie of those mortal passions that unite the
greatest and the least.'

He did not reply till she had somewhat recovered herself, and now sat
rocking to and fro in her seat, with glassy eyes fixed on the opposite
flame, and large tears rolling down her livid cheeks.

'A grievous tale is thine, in truth,' said Arbaces.  'But these emotions
are fit only for our youth--age should harden our hearts to all things
but ourselves; as every year adds a scale to the shell-fish, so should
each year wall and incrust the heart.  Think of those frenzies no more!
And now, listen to me again!  By the revenge that was dear to thee, I
command thee to obey me! it is for vengeance that I seek thee!  This
youth whom I would sweep from my path has crossed me, despite my
spells:--this thing of purple and broidery, of smiles and glances,
soulless and mindless, with no charm but that of beauty--accursed be
it!--this insect--this Glaucus--I tell thee, by Orcus and by Nemesis, he
must die.'

And working himself up at every word, the Egyptian, forgetful of his
debility--of his strange companion--of everything but his own vindictive
rage, strode, with large and rapid steps, the gloomy cavern.

'Glaucus! saidst thou, mighty master!' said the witch, abruptly; and her
dim eye glared at the name with all that fierce resentment at the memory
of small affronts so common amongst the solitary and the shunned.

'Ay, so he is called; but what matters the name?  Let it not be heard as
that of a living man three days from this date!'

'Hear me!' said the witch, breaking from a short reverie into which she
was plunged after this last sentence of the Egyptian. 'Hear me! I am thy
thing and thy slave! spare me!  If I give to the maiden thou speakest of
that which would destroy the life of Glaucus, I shall be surely
detected--the dead ever find avengers.  Nay, dread man! if thy visit to
me be tracked, if thy hatred to Glaucus be known, thou mayest have need
of thy archest magic to protect thyself!'

'Ha!' said Arbaces, stopping suddenly short; and as a proof of that
blindness with which passion darkens the eyes even of the most acute,
this was the first time when the risk that he himself ran by this method
of vengeance had occurred to a mind ordinarily wary and circumspect.

'But,' continued the witch, 'if instead of that which shall arrest the
heart, I give that which shall sear and blast the brain--which shall
make him who quaffs it unfit for the uses and career of life--an abject,
raving, benighted thing--smiting sense to drivelling youth to
dotage--will not thy vengeance be equally sated--thy object equally

'Oh, witch! no longer the servant, but the sister--the equal of
Arbaces--how much brighter is woman's wit, even in vengeance, than ours!
how much more exquisite than death is such a doom!'

'And,' continued the hag, gloating over her fell scheme, 'in this is but
little danger; for by ten thousand methods, which men forbear to seek,
can our victim become mad.  He may have been among the vines and seen a
nymph--or the vine itself may have had the same effect--ha, ha! they
never inquire too scrupulously into these matters in which the gods may
be agents. And let the worst arrive--let it be known that it is a
love-charm--why, madness is a common effect of philtres; and even the
fair she that gave it finds indulgence in the excuse. Mighty Hermes,
have I ministered to thee cunningly?'

'Thou shalt have twenty years' longer date for this,' returned Arbaces.
'I will write anew the epoch of thy fate on the face of the pale
stars--thou shalt not serve in vain the Master of the Flaming Belt.  And
here, Saga, carve thee out, by these golden tools, a warmer cell in this
dreary cavern--one service to me shall countervail a thousand
divinations by sieve and shears to the gaping rustics.' So saying, he
cast upon the floor a heavy purse, which clinked not unmusically to the
ear of the hag, who loved the consciousness of possessing the means to
purchase comforts she disdained. 'Farewell,' said Arbaces, 'fail
not--outwatch the stars in concocting thy beverage--thou shalt lord it
over thy sisters at the Walnut-tree,' when thou tellest them that thy
patron and thy friend is Hermes the Egyptian. To-morrow night we meet

He stayed not to hear the valediction or the thanks of the witch; with a
quick step he passed into the moonlit air, and hastened down the

The witch, who followed his steps to the threshold, stood at the
entrance of the cavern, gazing fixedly on his receding form; and as the
sad moonlight streamed over her shadowy form and deathlike face,
emerging from the dismal rocks, it seemed as if one gifted, indeed, by
supernatural magic had escaped from the dreary Orcus; and, the foremost
of its ghostly throng, stood at its black portals--vainly summoning his
return, or vainly sighing to rejoin him. The hag, then slowly
re-entering the cave, groaningly picked up the heavy purse, took the
lamp from its stand, and, passing to the remotest depth of her cell, a
black and abrupt passage, which was not visible, save at a near
approach, closed round as it was with jutting and sharp crags, yawned
before her: she went several yards along this gloomy path, which sloped
gradually downwards, as if towards the bowels of the earth, and, lifting
a stone, deposited her treasure in a hole beneath, which, as the lamp
pierced its secrets, seemed already to contain coins of various value,
wrung from the credulity or gratitude of her visitors.

'I love to look at you,' said she, apostrophising the moneys; 'for when
I see you I feel that I am indeed of power.  And I am to have twenty
years' longer life to increase your store! O thou great Hermes!'

She replaced the stone, and continued her path onward for some paces,
when she stopped before a deep irregular fissure in the earth.  Here, as
she bent--strange, rumbling, hoarse, and distant sounds might be heard,
while ever and anon, with a loud and grating noise which, to use a
homely but faithful simile, seemed to resemble the grinding of steel
upon wheels, volumes of streaming and dark smoke issued forth, and
rushed spirally along the cavern.

'The Shades are noisier than their wont,' said the hag, shaking her grey
locks; and, looking into the cavity, she beheld, far down, glimpses of a
long streak of light, intensely but darkly red. 'Strange!' she said,
shrinking back; 'it is only within the last two days that dull, deep
light hath been visible--what can it portend?'

The fox, who had attended the steps of his fell mistress, uttered a
dismal howl, and ran cowering back to the inner cave; a cold shuddering
seized the hag herself at the cry of the animal, which, causeless as it
seemed, the superstitions of the time considered deeply ominous.  She
muttered her placatory charm, and tottered back into her cavern, where,
amidst her herbs and incantations, she prepared to execute the orders of
the Egyptian.

'He called me dotard,' said she, as the smoke curled from the hissing
cauldron: 'when the jaws drop, and the grinders fall, and the heart
scarce beats, it is a pitiable thing to dote; but when,' she added, with
a savage and exulting grin, 'the young, and the beautiful, and the
strong, are suddenly smitten into idiocy--ah, that is terrible!  Burn,
flame--simmer herb--swelter toad--I cursed him, and he shall be cursed!'

On that night, and at the same hour which witnessed the dark and unholy
interview between Arbaces and the Saga, Apaecides was baptized.

Chapter XI


'AND you have the courage then, Julia, to seek the Witch of Vesuvius
this evening; in company, too, with that fearful man?'

'Why, Nydia?' replied Julia, timidly; 'dost thou really think there is
anything to dread?  These old hags, with their enchanted mirrors, their
trembling sieves, and their moon-gathered herbs, are, I imagine, but
crafty impostors, who have learned, perhaps, nothing but the very charm
for which I apply to their skill, and which is drawn but from the
knowledge of the field's herbs and simples. Wherefore should I dread?'

'Dost thou not fear thy companion?'

'What, Arbaces?  By Dian, I never saw lover more courteous than that
same magician!  And were he not so dark, he would be even handsome.'

Blind as she was, Nydia had the penetration to perceive that Julia's
mind was not one that the gallantries of Arbaces were likely to terrify.
She therefore dissuaded her no more: but nursed in her excited heart the
wild and increasing desire to know if sorcery had indeed a spell to
fascinate love to love.

'Let me go with thee, noble Julia,' said she at length; 'my presence is
no protection, but I should like to be beside thee to the last.'

'Thine offer pleases me much,' replied the daughter of Diomed. 'Yet how
canst thou contrive it? we may not return until late, they will miss

'Ione is indulgent,' replied Nydia.  'If thou wilt permit me to sleep
beneath thy roof, I will say that thou, an early patroness and friend,
hast invited me to pass the day with thee, and sing thee my Thessalian
songs; her courtesy will readily grant to thee so light a boon.'

'Nay, ask for thyself!' said the haughty Julia.  'I stoop to request no
favor from the Neapolitan!'

'Well, be it so.  I will take my leave now; make my request, which I
know will be readily granted, and return shortly.'

'Do so; and thy bed shall be prepared in my own chamber.' With that,
Nydia left the fair Pompeian.

On her way back to Ione she was met by the chariot of Glaucus, on whose
fiery and curveting steeds was riveted the gaze of the crowded street.

He kindly stopped for a moment to speak to the flower-girl.

'Blooming as thine own roses, my gentle Nydia! and how is thy fair
mistress?--recovered, I trust, from the effects of the storm?'

'I have not seen her this morning,' answered Nydia, 'but...'

'But what? draw back--the horses are too near thee.'

'But think you Ione will permit me to pass the day with Julia, the
daughter of Diomed?--She wishes it, and was kind to me when I had few

'The gods bless thy grateful heart!  I will answer for Ione's

'Then I may stay over the night, and return to-morrow?' said Nydia,
shrinking from the praise she so little merited.

'As thou and fair Julia please.  Commend me to her; and hark ye, Nydia,
when thou hearest her speak, note the contrast of her voice with that of
the silver-toned Ione.  Vale!'

His spirits entirely recovered from the effect of the past night, his
locks waving in the wind, his joyous and elastic heart bounding with
every spring of his Parthian steeds, a very prototype of his country's
god, full of youth and of love--Glaucus was borne rapidly to his

Enjoy while ye may the present--who can read the future?

As the evening darkened, Julia, reclined within her litter, which was
capacious enough also to admit her blind companion, took her way to the
rural baths indicated by Arbaces.  To her natural levity of disposition,
her enterprise brought less of terror than of pleasurable excitement;
above all, she glowed at the thought of her coming triumph over the
hated Neapolitan.

A small but gay group was collected round the door of the villa, as her
litter passed by it to the private entrance of the baths appropriated to
the women.

'Methinks, by this dim light,' said one of the bystanders, 'I recognize
the slaves of Diomed.'

'True, Clodius,' said Sallust: 'it is probably the litter of his
daughter Julia.  She is rich, my friend; why dost thou not proffer thy
suit to her?'

'Why, I had once hoped that Glaucus would have married her.  She does
not disguise her attachment; and then, as he gambles freely and with

'The sesterces would have passed to thee, wise Clodius.  A wife is a
good thing--when it belongs to another man!'

'But,' continued Clodius, 'as Glaucus is, I understand, to wed the
Neapolitan, I think I must even try my chance with the dejected maid.
After all, the lamp of Hymen will be gilt, and the vessel will reconcile
one to the odor of the flame.  I shall only protest, my Sallust, against
Diomed's making thee trustee to his daughter's fortune.'

'Ha! ha! let us within, my comissator; the wine and the garlands wait

Dismissing her slaves to that part of the house set apart for their
entertainment, Julia entered the baths with Nydia, and declining the
offers of the attendants, passed by a private door into the garden

'She comes by appointment, be sure,' said one of the slaves.

'What is that to thee?' said a superintendent, sourly; 'she pays for the
baths, and does not waste the saffron.  Such appointments are the best
part of the trade.  Hark! do you not hear the widow Fulvia clapping her
hands? Run, fool--run!'

Julia and Nydia, avoiding the more public part of the garden, arrived at
the place specified by the Egyptian.  In a small circular plot of grass
the stars gleamed upon the statue of Silenus--the merry god reclined
upon a fragment of rock--the lynx of Bacchus at his feet--and over his
mouth he held, with extended arm, a bunch of grapes, which he seemingly
laughed to welcome ere he devoured.

'I see not the magician,' said Julia, looking round: when, as she spoke,
the Egyptian slowly emerged from the neighboring foliage, and the light
fell palely over his sweeping robes.

'Salve, sweet maiden!--But ha! whom hast thou here? we must have no

'It is but the blind flower-girl, wise magician,' replied Julia:
'herself a Thessalian.'

'Oh! Nydia!' said the Egyptian.  'I know her well.'

Nydia drew back and shuddered.

'Thou hast been at my house, methinks!' said he, approaching his voice
to Nydia's ear; 'thou knowest the oath!--Silence and secrecy, now as
then, or beware!'

'Yet,' he added, musingly to himself, 'why confide more than is
necessary, even in the blind--Julia, canst thou trust thyself alone with
me?  Believe me, the magician is less formidable than he seems.'

As he spoke, he gently drew Julia aside.

'The witch loves not many visitors at once,' said he: 'leave Nydia here
till your return; she can be of no assistance to us: and, for
protection--your own beauty suffices--your own beauty and your own rank;
yes, Julia, I know thy name and birth.  Come, trust thyself with me,
fair rival of the youngest of the Naiads!'

The vain Julia was not, as we have seen, easily affrighted; she was
moved by the flattery of Arbaces, and she readily consented to suffer
Nydia to await her return; nor did Nydia press her presence.  At the
sound of the Egyptian's voice all her terror of him returned: she felt a
sentiment of pleasure at learning she was not to travel in his

She returned to the Bath-house, and in one of the private chambers
waited their return.  Many and bitter were the thoughts of this wild
girl as she sat there in her eternal darkness.  She thought of her own
desolate fate, far from her native land, far from the bland cares that
once assuaged the April sorrows of childhood--deprived of the light of
day, with none but strangers to guide her steps, accursed by the one
soft feeling of her heart, loving and without hope, save the dim and
unholy ray which shot across her mind, as her Thessalian fancies
questioned of the force of spells and the gifts of magic.

Nature had sown in the heart of this poor girl the seeds of virtue
never destined to ripen.  The lessons of adversity are not always
salutary--sometimes they soften and amend, but as often they indurate
and pervert. If we consider ourselves more harshly treated by fate than
those around us, and do not acknowledge in our own deeds the justice of
the severity, we become too apt to deem the world our enemy, to case
ourselves in defiance, to wrestle against our softer self, and to
indulge the darker passions which are so easily fermented by the sense
of injustice.  Sold early into slavery, sentenced to a sordid
taskmaster, exchanging her situation, only yet more to embitter her
lot--the kindlier feelings, naturally profuse in the breast of Nydia,
were nipped and blighted.  Her sense of right and wrong was confused by
a passion to which she had so madly surrendered herself; and the same
intense and tragic emotions which we read of in the women of the classic
age--a Myrrha, a Medea--and which hurried and swept away the whole soul
when once delivered to love--ruled, and rioted in, her breast.

Time passed: a light step entered the chamber where Nydia yet indulged
her gloomy meditations.

'Oh, thanked be the immortal gods!' said Julia, 'I have returned, I have
left that terrible cavern!  Come, Nydia! let us away forthwith!'

It was not till they were seated in the litter that Julia again spoke.

'Oh!' said she, tremblingly, 'such a scene! such fearful incantations!
and the dead face of the hag!--But, let us talk not of it.  I have
obtained the potion--she pledges its effect.  My rival shall be suddenly
indifferent to his eye, and I, I alone, the idol of Glaucus!'

'Glaucus!' exclaimed Nydia.

'Ay! I told thee, girl, at first, that it was not the Athenian whom I
loved: but I see now that I may trust thee wholly--it is the beautiful

What then were Nydia's emotions! she had connived, she had assisted, in
tearing Glaucus from Ione; but only to transfer, by all the power of
magic, his affections yet more hopelessly to another.  Her heart swelled
almost to suffocation--she gasped for breath--in the darkness of the
vehicle, Julia did not perceive the agitation of her companion; she went
on rapidly dilating on the promised effect of her acquisition, and on
her approaching triumph over Ione, every now and then abruptly
digressing to the horror of the scene she had quitted--the unmoved mien
of Arbaces, and his authority over the dreadful Saga.

Meanwhile Nydia recovered her self-possession: a thought flashed across
her: she slept in the chamber of Julia--she might possess herself of the

They arrived at the house of Diomed, and descended to Julia's apartment,
where the night's repast awaited them.

'Drink, Nydia, thou must be cold, the air was chill to-night; as for me,
my veins are yet ice.'

And Julia unhesitatingly quaffed deep draughts of the spiced wine.

'Thou hast the potion,' said Nydia; 'let me hold it in my hands. How
small the phial is! of what color is the draught?'

'Clear as crystal,' replied Julia, as she retook the philtre; 'thou
couldst not tell it from this water.  The witch assures me it is
tasteless.  Small though the phial, it suffices for a life's fidelity:
it is to be poured into any liquid; and Glaucus will only know what he
has quaffed by the effect.'

'Exactly like this water in appearance?'

'Yes, sparkling and colorless as this.  How bright it seems! it is as
the very essence of moonlit dews.  Bright thing! how thou shinest on my
hopes through thy crystal vase!'

'And how is it sealed?'

'But by one little stopper--I withdraw it now--the draught gives no
odor. Strange, that that which speaks to neither sense should thus
command all!'

'Is the effect instantaneous?'

'Usually--but sometimes it remains dormant for a few hours.'

'Oh, how sweet is this perfume!' said Nydia, suddenly, as she took up a
small bottle on the table, and bent over its fragrant contents.

'Thinkest thou so? the bottle is set with gems of some value.  Thou
wouldst not have the bracelet yestermorn--wilt thou take the bottle?'

'It ought to be such perfumes as these that should remind one who cannot
see of the generous Julia.  If the bottle be not too costly...'

'Oh! I have a thousand costlier ones: take it, child!'

Nydia bowed her gratitude, and placed the bottle in her vest.

'And the draught would be equally efficacious, whoever administers it?'

'If the most hideous hag beneath the sun bestowed it, such is its
asserted virtue that Glaucus would deem her beautiful, and none but

Julia, warmed by wine, and the reaction of her spirits, was now all
animation and delight; she laughed loud, and talked on a hundred
matters--nor was it till the night had advanced far towards morning that
she summoned her slaves and undressed.

When they were dismissed, she said to Nydia, 'I will not suffer this
holy draught to quit my presence till the hour comes for its use. Lie
under my pillow, bright spirit, and give me happy dreams!'

So saying, she placed the potion under her pillow.  Nydia's heart beat

'Why dost thou drink that unmixed water, Nydia?  Take the wine by its

'I am fevered,' replied the blind girl, 'and the water cools me.  I will
place this bottle by my bedside, it refreshes in these summer nights,
when the dews of sleep fall not on our lips.  Fair Julia, I must leave
thee very early--so Ione bids--perhaps before thou art awake; accept,
therefore, now my congratulations.'

'Thanks: when next we meet you may find Glaucus at my feet.'

They had retired to their couches, and Julia, worn out by the excitement
of the day, soon slept.  But anxious and burning thoughts rolled over
the mind of the wakeful Thessalian.  She listened to the calm breathing
of Julia; and her ear, accustomed to the finest distinctions of sound,
speedily assured her of the deep slumber of her companion.

'Now befriend me, Venus!' said she, softly.

She rose gently, and poured the perfume from the gift of Julia upon the
marble floor--she rinsed it several times carefully with the water that
was beside her, and then easily finding the bed of Julia (for night to
her was as day), she pressed her trembling hand under the pillow and
seized the potion.  Julia stirred not, her breath regularly fanned the
burning cheek of the blind girl.  Nydia, then, opening the phial, poured
its contents into the bottle, which easily contained them; and then
refilling the former reservoir of the potion with that limpid water
which Julia had assured her it so resembled, she once more placed the
phial in its former place.  She then stole again to her couch, and
waited--with what thoughts!--the dawning day.

The sun had risen--Julia slept still--Nydia noiselessly dressed herself,
placed her treasure carefully in her vest, took up her staff, and
hastened to quit the house.

The porter, Medon, saluted her kindly as she descended the steps that
led to the street: she heard him not; her mind was confused and lost in
the whirl of tumultuous thoughts, each thought a passion. She felt the
pure morning air upon her cheek, but it cooled not her scorching veins.

'Glaucus,' she murmured, 'all the love-charms of the wildest magic could
not make thee love me as I love thee.  Ione!--ah; away hesitation! away
remorse! Glaucus, my fate is in thy smile; and thine! hope!  O joy!  O
transport, thy fate is in these hands!'


Chapter I


WHOEVER regards the early history of Christianity, will perceive how
necessary to its triumph was that fierce spirit of zeal, which, fearing
no danger, accepting no compromise, inspired its champions and sustained
its martyrs.  In a dominant Church the genius of intolerance betrays its
cause--in a weak and persecuted Church, the same genius mainly supports.
It was necessary to scorn, to loathe, to abhor the creeds of other men,
in order to conquer the temptations which they presented--it was
necessary rigidly to believe not only that the Gospel was the true
faith, but the sole true faith that saved, in order to nerve the
disciple to the austerity of its doctrine, and to encourage him to the
sacred and perilous chivalry of converting the Polytheist and the
Heathen.  The sectarian sternness which confined virtue and heaven to a
chosen few, which saw demons in other gods, and the penalties of hell in
other religions--made the believer naturally anxious to convert all to
whom he felt the ties of human affection; and the circle thus traced by
benevolence to man was yet more widened by a desire for the glory of
God.  It was for the honour of the Christian faith that the Christian
boldly forced its tenets upon the scepticism of some, the repugnance of
others, the sage contempt of the philosopher, the pious shudder of the
people--his very intolerance supplied him with his fittest instruments
of success; and the soft Heathen began at last to imagine there must
indeed be something holy in a zeal wholly foreign to his experience,
which stopped at no obstacle, dreaded no danger, and even at the
torture, or on the scaffold, referred a dispute far other than the calm
differences of speculative philosophy to the tribunal of an Eternal
Judge.  It was thus that the same fervor which made the Churchman of the
middle age a bigot without mercy, made the Christian of the early days a
hero without fear.

Of these more fiery, daring, and earnest natures, not the least ardent
was Olinthus.  No sooner had Apaecides been received by the rites of
baptism into the bosom of the Church, than the Nazarene hastened to make
him conscious of the impossibility to retain the office and robes of
priesthood. He could not, it was evident, profess to worship God, and
continue even outwardly to honour the idolatrous altars of the Fiend.

Nor was this all, the sanguine and impetuous mind of Olinthus beheld in
the power of Apaecides the means of divulging to the deluded people the
juggling mysteries of the oracular Isis.  He thought Heaven had sent
this instrument of his design in order to disabuse the eyes of the
crowd, and prepare the way, perchance, for the conversion of a whole
city.  He did not hesitate then to appeal to all the new-kindled
enthusiasm of Apaecides, to arouse his courage, and to stimulate his
zeal.  They met, according to previous agreement, the evening after the
baptism of Apaecides, in the grove of Cybele, which we have before

'At the next solemn consultation of the oracle,' said Olinthus, as he
proceeded in the warmth of his address, 'advance yourself to the
railing, proclaim aloud to the people the deception they endure, invite
them to enter, to be themselves the witness of the gross but artful
mechanism of imposture thou hast described to me.  Fear not--the Lord,
who protected Daniel, shall protect thee; we, the community of
Christians, will be amongst the crowd; we will urge on the shrinking:
and in the first flush of the popular indignation and shame, I myself,
upon those very altars, will plant the palm-branch typical of the
Gospel--and to my tongue shall descend the rushing Spirit of the living

Heated and excited as he was, this suggestion was not unpleasing to
Apaecides.  He was rejoiced at so early an opportunity of distinguishing
his faith in his new sect, and to his holier feelings were added those
of a vindictive loathing at the imposition he had himself suffered, and
a desire to avenge it.  In that sanguine and elastic overbound of
obstacles (the rashness necessary to all who undertake venturous and
lofty actions), neither Olinthus nor the proselyte perceived the
impediments to the success of their scheme, which might be found in the
reverent superstition of the people themselves, who would probably be
loth, before the sacred altars of the great Egyptian goddess, to believe
even the testimony of her priest against her power.

Apaecides then assented to this proposal with a readiness which
delighted Olinthus.  They parted with the understanding that Olinthus
should confer with the more important of his Christian brethren on his
great enterprise, should receive their advice and the assurances of
their support on the eventful day.  It so chanced that one of the
festivals of Isis was to be held on the second day after this
conference.  The festival proffered a ready occasion for the design.
They appointed to meet once more on the next evening at the same spot;
and in that meeting were finally to be settled the order and details of
the disclosure for the following day.

It happened that the latter part of this conference had been held near
the sacellum, or small chapel, which I have described in the early part
of this work; and so soon as the forms of the Christian and the priest
had disappeared from the grove, a dark and ungainly figure emerged from
behind the chapel.

'I have tracked you with some effect, my brother flamen,' soliloquised
the eavesdropper; 'you, the priest of Isis, have not for mere idle
discussion conferred with this gloomy Christian.  Alas! that I could not
hear all your precious plot: enough!  I find, at least, that you
meditate revealing the sacred mysteries, and that to-morrow you meet
again at this place to plan the how and the when. May Osiris sharpen my
ears then, to detect the whole of your unheard-of audacity!  When I have
learned more, I must confer at once with Arbaces.  We will frustrate
you, my friends, deep as you think yourselves.  At present, my breast is
a locked treasury of your secret.'

Thus muttering, Calenus, for it was he, wrapped his robe round him, and
strode thoughtfully homeward.

Chapter II


IT was then the day for Diomed's banquet to the most select of his
friends. The graceful Glaucus, the beautiful Ione, the official Pansa,
the high-born Clodius, the immortal Fulvius, the exquisite Lepidus, the
epicurean Sallust, were not the only honourers of his festival.  He
expected, also, an invalid senator from Rome (a man of considerable
repute and favor at court), and a great warrior from Herculaneum, who
had fought with Titus against the Jews, and having enriched himself
prodigiously in the wars, was always told by his friends that his
country was eternally indebted to his disinterested exertions!  The
party, however, extended to a yet greater number: for although,
critically speaking, it was, at one time, thought inelegant among the
Romans to entertain less than three or more than nine at their banquets,
yet this rule was easily disregarded by the ostentatious. And we are
told, indeed, in history, that one of the most splendid of these
entertainers usually feasted a select party of three hundred. Diomed,
however, more modest, contented himself with doubling the number of the
Muses.  His party consisted of eighteen, no unfashionable number in the
present day.

It was the morning of Diomed's banquet; and Diomed himself, though he
greatly affected the gentleman and the scholar, retained enough of his
mercantile experience to know that a master's eye makes a ready servant.
Accordingly, with his tunic ungirdled on his portly stomach, his easy
slippers on his feet, a small wand in his hand, wherewith he now
directed the gaze, and now corrected the back, of some duller menial, he
went from chamber to chamber of his costly villa.

He did not disdain even a visit to that sacred apartment in which the
priests of the festival prepare their offerings.  On entering the
kitchen, his ears were agreeably stunned by the noise of dishes and
pans, of oaths and commands.  Small as this indispensable chamber seems
to have been in all the houses of Pompeii, it was, nevertheless, usually
fitted up with all that amazing variety of stoves and shapes, stew-pans
and saucepans, cutters and moulds, without which a cook of spirit, no
matter whether he be an ancient or a modern, declares it utterly
impossible that he can give you anything to eat. And as fuel was then,
as now, dear and scarce in those regions, great seems to have been the
dexterity exercised in preparing as many things as possible with as
little fire.  An admirable contrivance of this nature may be still seen
in the Neapolitan Museum, viz., a portable kitchen, about the size of a
folio volume, containing stoves for four dishes, and an apparatus for
heating water or other beverages.

Across the small kitchen flitted many forms which the quick eye of the
master did not recognize.

'Oh! oh!' grumbled he to himself, 'that cursed Congrio hath invited a
whole legion of cooks to assist him.  They won't serve for nothing, and
this is another item in the total of my day's expenses. By Bacchus!
thrice lucky shall I be if the slaves do not help themselves to some of
the drinking vessels: ready, alas, are their hands, capacious are their
tunics.  Me miserum!'

The cooks, however, worked on, seemingly heedless of the apparition of

'Ho, Euclio, your egg-pan!  What, is this the largest? it only holds
thirty-three eggs: in the houses I usually serve, the smallest egg-pan
holds fifty, if need be!'

'The unconscionable rogue!' thought Diomed; 'he talks of eggs as if they
were a sesterce a hundred!'

'By Mercury!' cried a pert little culinary disciple, scarce in his
novitiate; 'whoever saw such antique sweetmeat shapes as these?--It is
impossible to do credit to one's art with such rude materials.  Why,
Sallust's commonest sweetmeat shape represents the whole siege of Troy;
Hector and Paris, and Helen...  with little Astyanax and the Wooden
Horse into the bargain!'

'Silence, fool!' said Congrio, the cook of the house, who seemed to
leave the chief part of the battle to his allies.  'My master, Diomed,
is not one of those expensive good-for-noughts, who must have the last
fashion, cost what it will!'

'Thou liest, base slave!' cried Diomed, in a great passion--and thou
costest me already enough to have ruined Lucullus himself!  Come out of
thy den, I want to talk to thee.'

The slave, with a sly wink at his confederates, obeyed the command.

'Man of three letters,' said Diomed, with his face of solemn anger, 'how
didst thou dare to invite all those rascals into my house?--I see thief
written in every line of their faces.'

'Yet, I assure you, master, that they are men of most respectable
character--the best cooks of the place; it is a great favor to get them.
But for my sake...'

'Thy sake, unhappy Congrio!' interrupted Diomed; and by what purloined
moneys of mine, by what reserved filchings from marketing, by what
goodly meats converted into grease, and sold in the suburbs, by what
false charges for bronzes marred, and earthenware broken--hast thou been
enabled to make them serve thee for thy sake?'

'Nay, master, do not impeach my honesty!  May the gods desert me if...'

'Swear not!' again interrupted the choleric Diomed, 'for then the gods
will smite thee for a perjurer, and I shall lose my cook on the eve of
dinner. But, enough of this at present: keep a sharp eye on thy
ill-favored assistants, and tell me no tales to-morrow of vases broken,
and cups miraculously vanished, or thy whole back shall be one pain.
And hark thee! thou knowest thou hast made me pay for those Phrygian
attagens enough, by Hercules, to have feasted a sober man for a year
together--see that they be not one iota over-roasted.  The last time, O
Congrio, that I gave a banquet to my friends, when thy vanity did so
boldly undertake the becoming appearance of a Melian crane--thou knowest
it came up like a stone from AEtna--as if all the fires of Phlegethon
had been scorching out its juices. Be modest this time, Congrio--wary
and modest.  Modesty is the nurse of great actions; and in all other
things, as in this, if thou wilt not spare thy master's purse, at least
consult thy master's glory.'

'There shall not be such a coena seen at Pompeii since the days of

'Softly, softly--thy cursed boasting again!  But I say, Congrio, yon
homunculus--yon pigmy assailant of my cranes--yon pert-tongued neophyte
of the kitchen, was there aught but insolence on his tongue when he
maligned the comeliness of my sweetmeat shapes?  I would not be out of
the fashion, Congrio.'

'It is but the custom of us cooks,' replied Congrio, gravely, to
undervalue our tools, in order to increase the effect of our art. The
sweetmeat shape is a fair shape, and a lovely; but I would recommend my
master, at the first occasion, to purchase some new ones of a...'

'That will suffice,' exclaimed Diomed, who seemed resolved never to
allow his slave to finish his sentences.  'Now, resume thy
charge--shine----eclipse thyself.  Let men envy Diomed his cook--let the
slaves of Pompeii style thee Congrio the great!  Go! yet stay--thou hast
not spent all the moneys I gave thee for the marketing?'   '"All!" alas!
the nightingales' tongues and the Roman tomacula, and the oysters from
Britain, and sundry other things, too numerous now to recite, are yet
left unpaid for.  But what matter? every one trusts the Archimagirus of
Diomed the wealthy!'

'Oh, unconscionable prodigal!--what waste!--what profusion!--I am
ruined! But go, hasten--inspect!--taste!--perform!--surpass thyself!
Let the Roman senator not despise the poor Pompeian.  Away, slave--and
remember, the Phrygian attagens.'

The chief disappeared within his natural domain, and Diomed rolled back
his portly presence to the more courtly chambers.  All was to his
liking--the flowers were fresh, the fountains played briskly, the mosaic
pavements were as smooth as mirrors.

'Where is my daughter Julia?' he asked.

'At the bath.'

'Ah! that reminds me!--time wanes!--and I must bathe also.'

Our story returns to Apaecides.  On awaking that day from the broken and
feverish sleep which had followed his adoption of a faith so strikingly
and sternly at variance with that in which his youth had been nurtured,
the young priest could scarcely imagine that he was not yet in a dream;
he had crossed the fatal river--the past was henceforth to have no
sympathy with the future; the two worlds were distinct and
separate--that which had been, from that which was to be. To what a bold
and adventurous enterprise he had pledged his life!--to unveil the
mysteries in which he had participated--to desecrate the altars he had
served--to denounce the goddess whose ministering robe he wore!  Slowly
he became sensible of the hatred and the horror he should provoke
amongst the pious, even if successful; if frustrated in his daring
attempt, what penalties might he not incur for an offence hitherto
unheard of--for which no specific law, derived from experience, was
prepared; and which, for that very reason, precedents, dragged from the
sharpest armoury of obsolete and inapplicable legislation, would
probably be distorted to meet!  His friends--the sister of his
youth--could he expect justice, though he might receive compassion, from
them? This brave and heroic act would by their heathen eyes be regarded,
perhaps, as a heinous apostasy--at the best as a pitiable madness.

He dared, he renounced, everything in this world, in the hope of
securing that eternity in the next, which had so suddenly been revealed
to him. While these thoughts on the one hand invaded his breast, on the
other hand his pride, his courage, and his virtue, mingled with
reminiscences of revenge for deceit, of indignant disgust at fraud,
conspired to raise and to support him.

The conflict was sharp and keen; but his new feelings triumphed over his
old: and a mighty argument in favor of wrestling with the sanctities of
old opinions and hereditary forms might be found in the conquest over
both, achieved by that humble priest.  Had the early Christians been
more controlled by 'the solemn plausibilities of custom'--less of
democrats in the pure and lofty acceptation of that perverted
word--Christianity would have perished in its cradle!

As each priest in succession slept several nights together in the
chambers of the temple, the term imposed on Apaecides was not yet
completed; and when he had risen from his couch, attired himself, as
usual, in his robes, and left his narrow chamber, he found himself
before the altars of the temple.

In the exhaustion of his late emotions he had slept far into the
morning, and the vertical sun already poured its fervid beams over the
sacred place.

'Salve, Apaecides!' said a voice, whose natural asperity was smoothed by
long artifice into an almost displeasing softness of tone. 'Thou art
late abroad; has the goddess revealed herself to thee in visions?'

'Could she reveal her true self to the people, Calenus, how incenseless
would be these altars!'

'That,' replied Calenus, 'may possibly be true; but the deity is wise
enough to hold commune with none but priests.'

'A time may come when she will be unveiled without her own

'It is not likely: she has triumphed for countless ages.  And that which
has so long stood the test of time rarely succumbs to the lust of
novelty.  But hark ye, young brother! these sayings are indiscreet.'

'It is not for thee to silence them,' replied Apaecides, haughtily.

'So hot!--yet I will not quarrel with thee.  Why, my Apaecides, has not
the Egyptian convinced thee of the necessity of our dwelling together in
unity? Has he not convinced thee of the wisdom of deluding the people
and enjoying ourselves?  If not, oh, brother! he is not that great
magician he is esteemed.'

'Thou, then, hast shared his lessons?' said Apaecides, with a hollow

'Ay! but I stood less in need of them than thou.  Nature had already
gifted me with the love of pleasure, and the desire of gain and power.
Long is the way that leads the voluptuary to the severities of life; but
it is only one step from pleasant sin to sheltering hypocrisy.  Beware
the vengeance of the goddess, if the shortness of that step be

'Beware, thou, the hour when the tomb shall be rent and the rottenness
exposed,' returned Apaecides, solemnly.  'Vale!'

With these words he left the flamen to his meditations.  When he got a
few paces from the temple, he turned to look back.  Calenus had already
disappeared in the entry room of the priests, for it now approached the
hour of that repast which, called prandium by the ancients, answers in
point of date to the breakfast of the moderns. The white and graceful
fane gleamed brightly in the sun.  Upon the altars before it rose the
incense and bloomed the garlands.  The priest gazed long and wistfully
upon the scene--it was the last time that it was ever beheld by him!

He then turned and pursued his way slowly towards the house of Ione; for
before possibly the last tie that united them was cut in twain--before
the uncertain peril of the next day was incurred, he was anxious to see
his last surviving relative, his fondest as his earliest friend.

He arrived at her house, and found her in the garden with Nydia.

'This is kind, Apaecides,' said Ione, joyfully; 'and how eagerly have I
wished to see thee!--what thanks do I not owe thee?  How churlish hast
thou been to answer none of my letters--to abstain from coming hither to
receive the expressions of my gratitude!  Oh! thou hast assisted to
preserve thy sister from dishonour!  What, what can she say to thank
thee, now thou art come at last?'

'My sweet Ione, thou owest me no gratitude, for thy cause was mine.  Let
us avoid that subject, let us recur not to that impious man--how hateful
to both of us!  I may have a speedy opportunity to teach the world the
nature of his pretended wisdom and hypocritical severity.  But let us
sit down, my sister; I am wearied with the heat of the sun; let us sit
in yonder shade, and, for a little while longer, be to each other what
we have been.'

Beneath a wide plane-tree, with the cistus and the arbutus clustering
round them, the living fountain before, the greensward beneath their
feet; the gay cicada, once so dear to Athens, rising merrily ever and
anon amidst the grass; the butterfly, beautiful emblem of the soul,
dedicated to Psyche, and which has continued to furnish illustrations to
the Christian bard, rich in the glowing colors caught from Sicilian
skies, hovering about the sunny flowers, itself like a winged flower--in
this spot, and this scene, the brother and the sister sat together for
the last time on earth. You may tread now on the same place; but the
garden is no more, the columns are shattered, the fountain has ceased to
play.  Let the traveler search amongst the ruins of Pompeii for the
house of Ione. Its remains are yet visible; but I will not betray them
to the gaze of commonplace tourists.  He who is more sensitive than the
herd will discover them easily: when he has done so, let him keep the

They sat down, and Nydia, glad to be alone, retired to the farther end
of the garden.

'Ione, my sister,' said the young convert, 'place your hand upon my
brow; let me feel your cool touch.  Speak to me, too, for your gentle
voice is like a breeze that hath freshness as well as music. Speak to
me, but forbear to bless me!  Utter not one word of those forms of
speech which our childhood was taught to consider sacred!'

'Alas! and what then shall I say?  Our language of affection is so woven
with that of worship, that the words grow chilled and trite if I banish
from them allusion to our gods.'

'Our gods!' murmured Apaecides, with a shudder: 'thou slightest my
request already.'

'Shall I speak then to thee only of Isis?'

'The Evil Spirit!  No, rather be dumb for ever, unless at least thou
canst--but away, away this talk!  Not now will we dispute and cavil; not
now will we judge harshly of each other.  Thou, regarding me as an
apostate! and I all sorrow and shame for thee as an idolater. No, my
sister, let us avoid such topics and such thoughts.  In thy sweet
presence a calm falls over my spirit.  For a little while I forget.  As
I thus lay my temples on thy bosom, as I thus feel thy gentle arm
embrace me, I think that we are children once more, and that the heaven
smiles equally upon both.  For oh! if hereafter I escape, no matter what
peril; and it be permitted me to address thee on one sacred and awful
subject; should I find thine ear closed and thy heart hardened, what
hope for myself could countervail the despair for thee?  In thee, my
sister, I behold a likeness made beautiful, made noble, of myself.
Shall the mirror live for ever, and the form itself be broken as the
potter's clay?  Ah, no--no--thou wilt listen to me yet!  Dost thou
remember how we went into the fields by Baiae, hand in hand together, to
pluck the flowers of spring?  Even so, hand in hand, shall we enter the
Eternal Garden, and crown ourselves with imperishable asphodel!'

Wondering and bewildered by words she could not comprehend, but excited
even to tears by the plaintiveness of their tone, Ione listened to these
outpourings of a full and oppressed heart.  In truth, Apaecides himself
was softened much beyond his ordinary mood, which to outward seeming was
usually either sullen or impetuous.  For the noblest desires are of a
jealous nature--they engross, they absorb the soul, and often leave the
splenetic humors stagnant and unheeded at the surface.  Unheeding the
petty things around us, we are deemed morose; impatient at earthly
interruption to the diviner dreams, we are thought irritable and
churlish.  For as there is no chimera vainer than the hope that one
human heart shall find sympathy in another, so none ever interpret us
with justice; and none, no, not our nearest and our dearest ties,
forbear with us in mercy!  When we are dead and repentance comes too
late, both friend and foe may wonder to think how little there was in us
to forgive!

'I will talk to thee then of our early years,' said Ione.  'Shall yon
blind girl sing to thee of the days of childhood?  Her voice is sweet
and musical, and she hath a song on that theme which contains none of
those allusions it pains thee to hear.'

'Dost thou remember the words, my sister?' asked Apaecides.

'Methinks yes; for the tune, which is simple, fixed them on my memory.'

'Sing to me then thyself.  My ear is not in unison with unfamiliar
voices; and thine, Ione, full of household associations, has ever been
to me more sweet than all the hireling melodies of Lycia or of Crete.
Sing to me!'

Ione beckoned to a slave that stood in the portico, and sending for her
lute, sang, when it arrived, to a tender and simple air, the following



         It is not that our earlier Heaven
              Escapes its April showers,
          Or that to childhood's heart is given
              No snake amidst the flowers.
                 Ah! twined with grief
                 Each brightest leaf,
              That's wreath'd us by the Hours!
          Young though we be, the Past may sting,
              The present feed its sorrow;
          But hope shines bright on every thing
              That waits us with the morrow.
                 Like sun-lit glades,
                 The dimmest shades
              Some rosy beam can borrow.


         It is not that our later years
              Of cares are woven wholly,
          But smiles less swiftly chase the tears,
              And wounds are healed more slowly.
                 And Memory's vow
                 To lost ones now,
              Makes joys too bright, unholy.
          And ever fled the Iris bow
              That smiled when clouds were o'er us.
          If storms should burst, uncheered we go,
              A drearier waste before us--
                And with the toys
                 Of childish joys,
              We've broke the staff that bore us!

Wisely and delicately had Ione chosen that song, sad though its burthen
seemed; for when we are deeply mournful, discordant above all others is
the voice of mirth: the fittest spell is that borrowed from melancholy
itself, for dark thoughts can be softened down when they cannot be
brightened; and so they lose the precise and rigid outline of their
truth, and their colors melt into the ideal.  As the leech applies in
remedy to the internal sore some outward irritation, which, by a gentler
wound, draws away the venom of that which is more deadly, thus, in the
rankling festers of the mind, our art is to divert to a milder sadness
on the surface the pain that gnaweth at the core.  And so with
Apaecides, yielding to the influence of the silver voice that reminded
him of the past, and told but of half the sorrow born to the present, he
forgot his more immediate and fiery sources of anxious thought.  He
spent hours in making Ione alternately sing to, and converse with him;
and when he rose to leave her, it was with a calmed and lulled mind.

'Ione,' said he, as he pressed her hand, 'should you hear my name
blackened and maligned, will you credit the aspersion?'

'Never, my brother, never!'

'Dost thou not imagine, according to thy belief, that the evil-doer is
punished hereafter, and the good rewarded?'

'Can you doubt it?'

'Dost thou think, then, that he who is truly good should sacrifice every
selfish interest in his zeal for virtue?'

'He who doth so is the equal of the gods.'

'And thou believest that, according to the purity and courage with which
he thus acts, shall be his portion of bliss beyond the grave?'

'So we are taught to hope.'

'Kiss me, my sister.  One question more.  Thou art to be wedded to
Glaucus: perchance that marriage may separate us more hopelessly--but
not of this speak I now--thou art to be married to Glaucus--dost thou
love him?  Nay, my sister, answer me by words.'

'Yes!' murmured Ione, blushing.

'Dost thou feel that, for his sake, thou couldst renounce pride, brave
dishonour, and incur death?  I have heard that when women really love,
it is to that excess.'

'My brother, all this could I do for Glaucus, and feel that it were not
a sacrifice.  There is no sacrifice to those who love, in what is borne
for the one we love.'

'Enough! shall woman feel thus for man, and man feel less devotion to
his God?'

He spoke no more.  His whole countenance seemed instinct and inspired
with a divine life: his chest swelled proudly; his eyes glowed: on his
forehead was writ the majesty of a man who can dare to be noble!  He
turned to meet the eyes of Ione--earnest, wistful, fearful--he kissed
her fondly, strained her warmly to his breast, and in a moment more he
had left the house.

Long did Ione remain in the same place, mute and thoughtful.  The
maidens again and again came to warn her of the deepening noon, and her
engagement to Diomed's banquet.  At length she woke from her reverie,
and prepared, not with the pride of beauty, but listless and melancholy,
for the festival: one thought alone reconciled her to the promised
visit--she should meet Glaucus--she could confide to him her alarm and
uneasiness for her brother.

Chapter III


MEANWHILE Sallust and Glaucus were slowly strolling towards the house of
Diomed.  Despite the habits of his life, Sallust was not devoid of many
estimable qualities.  He would have been an active friend, a useful
citizen--in short, an excellent man, if he had not taken it into his
head to be a philosopher.  Brought up in the schools in which Roman
plagiarism worshipped the echo of Grecian wisdom, he had imbued himself
with those doctrines by which the later Epicureans corrupted the simple
maxims of their great master.  He gave himself altogether up to
pleasure, and imagined there was no sage like a boon companion.  Still,
however, he had a considerable degree of learning, wit, and good nature;
and the hearty frankness of his very vices seemed like virtue itself
beside the utter corruption of Clodius and the prostrate effeminacy of
Lepidus; and therefore Glaucus liked him the best of his companions; and
he, in turn, appreciating the nobler qualities of the Athenian, loved
him almost as much as a cold muraena, or a bowl of the best Falernian.

'This is a vulgar old fellow, this Diomed,' said Sallust: 'but he has
some good qualities--in his cellar!'

'And some charming ones--in his daughter.'

'True, Glaucus: but you are not much moved by them, methinks.  I fancy
Clodius is desirous to be your successor.'

'He is welcome.  At the banquet of Julia's beauty, no guest, be sure, is
considered a musca.'

'You are severe: but she has, indeed, something of the Corinthian about
her--they will be well matched, after all!  What good-natured fellows we
are to associate with that gambling good-for-nought.'

'Pleasure unites strange varieties,' answered Glaucus.  'He amuses

'And flatters--but then he pays himself well!  He powders his praise
with gold-dust.'

'You often hint that he plays unfairly--think you so really?'

'My dear Glaucus, a Roman noble has his dignity to keep up--dignity is
very expensive--Clodius must cheat like a scoundrel, in order to live
like a gentleman.'

'Ha ha!--well, of late I have renounced the dice.  Ah! Sallust, when I
am wedded to Ione, I trust I may yet redeem a youth of follies. We are
both born for better things than those in which we sympathize now--born
to render our worship in nobler temples than the stye of Epicurus.'

'Alas!' returned Sallust, in rather a melancholy tone, 'what do we know
more than this--life is short--beyond the grave all is dark? There is no
wisdom like that which says "enjoy".'

'By Bacchus!  I doubt sometimes if we do enjoy the utmost of which life
is capable.'

'I am a moderate man,' returned Sallust, 'and do not ask "the utmost".
We are like malefactors, and intoxicate ourselves with wine and myrrh,
as we stand on the brink of death; but, if we did not do so, the abyss
would look very disagreeable.  I own that I was inclined to be gloomy
until I took so heartily to drinking--that is a new life, my Glaucus.'

'Yes! but it brings us next morning to a new death.'

'Why, the next morning is unpleasant, I own; but, then, if it were not
so, one would never be inclined to read.  I study betimes--because, by
the gods! I am generally unfit for anything else till noon.'

'Fie, Scythian!'

'Pshaw! the fate of Pentheus to him who denies Bacchus.'

'Well, Sallust, with all your faults, you are the best profligate I ever
met: and verily, if I were in danger of life, you are the only man in
all Italy who would stretch out a finger to save me.'

'Perhaps I should not, if it were in the middle of supper.  But, in
truth, we Italians are fearfully selfish.'

'So are all men who are not free,' said Glaucus, with a sigh. 'Freedom
alone makes men sacrifice to each other.'

'Freedom, then, must be a very fatiguing thing to an Epicurean,'
answered Sallust.  'But here we are at our host's.'

As Diomed's villa is one of the most considerable in point of size of
any yet discovered at Pompeii, and is, moreover, built much according to
the specific instructions for a suburban villa laid down by the Roman
architect, it may not be uninteresting briefly to describe the plan of
the apartments through which our visitors passed.

They entered, then, by the same small vestibule at which we have before
been presented to the aged Medon, and passed at once into a colonnade,
technically termed the peristyle; for the main difference between the
suburban villa and the town mansion consisted in placing, in the first,
the said colonnade in exactly the same place as that which in the town
mansion was occupied by the atrium.  In the centre of the peristyle was
an open court, which contained the impluvium.

From this peristyle descended a staircase to the offices; another narrow
passage on the opposite side communicated with a garden; various small
apartments surrounded the colonnade, appropriated probably to country
visitors.  Another door to the left on entering communicated with a
small triangular portico, which belonged to the baths; and behind was
the wardrobe, in which were kept the vests of the holiday suits of the
slaves, and, perhaps, of the master.  Seventeen centuries afterwards
were found those relics of ancient finery calcined and crumbling: kept
longer, alas! than their thrifty lord foresaw.

Return we to the peristyle, and endeavor now to present to the reader a
coup d'oeil of the whole suite of apartments, which immediately
stretched before the steps of the visitors.

Let him then first imagine the columns of the portico, hung with
festoons of flowers; the columns themselves in the lower part painted
red, and the walls around glowing with various frescoes; then, looking
beyond a curtain, three parts drawn aside, the eye caught the tablinum
or saloon (which was closed at will by glazed doors, now slid back into
the walls).  On either side of this tablinum were small rooms, one of
which was a kind of cabinet of gems; and these apartments, as well as
the tablinum, communicated with a long gallery, which opened at either
end upon terraces; and between the terraces, and communicating with the
central part of the gallery, was a hall, in which the banquet was that
day prepared.  All these apartments, though almost on a level with the
street, were one story above the garden; and the terraces communicating
with the gallery were continued into corridors, raised above the pillars
which, to the right and left, skirted the garden below.

Beneath, and on a level with the garden, ran the apartments we have
already described as chiefly appropriated to Julia.

In the gallery, then, just mentioned, Diomed received his guests.

The merchant affected greatly the man of letters, and, therefore, he
also affected a passion for everything Greek; he paid particular
attention to Glaucus.

'You will see, my friend,' said he, with a wave of his hand, 'that I am
a little classical here--a little Cecropian--eh?  The hall in which we
shall sup is borrowed from the Greeks.  It is an OEcus Cyzicene.  Noble
Sallust, they have not, I am told, this sort of apartment in Rome.'

'Oh!' replied Sallust, with a half smile; 'you Pompeians combine all
that is most eligible in Greece and in Rome; may you, Diomed, combine
the viands as well as the architecture!'

'You shall see--you shall see, my Sallust,' replied the merchant.  'We
have a taste at Pompeii, and we have also money.'

'They are two excellent things,' replied Sallust.  'But, behold, the
lady Julia!'

The main difference, as I have before remarked, in the manner of life
observed among the Athenians and Romans, was, that with the first, the
modest women rarely or never took part in entertainments; with the
latter, they were the common ornaments of the banquet; but when they
were present at the feast, it usually terminated at an early hour.

Magnificently robed in white, interwoven with pearls and threads of
gold, the handsome Julia entered the apartment.

Scarcely had she received the salutation of the two guests, ere Pansa
and his wife, Lepidus, Clodius, and the Roman senator, entered almost
simultaneously; then came the widow Fulvia; then the poet Fulvius, like
to the widow in name if in nothing else; the warrior from Herculaneum,
accompanied by his umbra, next stalked in; afterwards, the less eminent
of the guests.  Ione yet tarried.

It was the mode among the courteous ancients to flatter whenever it was
in their power: accordingly it was a sign of ill-breeding to seat
themselves immediately on entering the house of their host.  After
performing the salutation, which was usually accomplished by the same
cordial shake of the right hand which we ourselves retain, and
sometimes, by the yet more familiar embrace, they spent several minutes
in surveying the apartment, and admiring the bronzes, the pictures, or
the furniture, with which it was adorned--a mode very impolite according
to our refined English notions, which place good breeding in
indifference.  We would not for the world express much admiration of
another man's house, for fear it should be thought we had never seen
anything so fine before!

'A beautiful statue this of Bacchus!' said the Roman senator.

'A mere trifle!' replied Diomed.

'What charming paintings!' said Fulvia.

'Mere trifles!' answered the owner.

'Exquisite candelabra!' cried the warrior.

'Exquisite!' echoed his umbra.

'Trifles! trifles!' reiterated the merchant.

Meanwhile, Glaucus found himself by one of the windows of the gallery,
which communicated with the terraces, and the fair Julia by his side.

'Is it an Athenian virtue, Glaucus,' said the merchant's daughter, 'to
shun those whom we once sought?'

'Fair Julia--no!'

'Yet methinks, it is one of the qualities of Glaucus.'

'Glaucus never shuns a friend!' replied the Greek, with some emphasis on
the last word.

'May Julia rank among the number of his friends?'

'It would be an honour to the emperor to find a friend in one so

'You evade my question,' returned the enamoured Julia.  'But tell me, is
it true that you admire the Neapolitan Ione?'

'Does not beauty constrain our admiration?'

'Ah! subtle Greek, still do you fly the meaning of my words.  But say,
shall Julia be indeed your friend?'

'If she will so favor me, blessed be the gods!  The day in which I am
thus honored shall be ever marked in white.'

'Yet, even while you speak, your eye is resting--your color comes and
goes--you move away involuntarily--you are impatient to join Ione!'

For at that moment Ione had entered, and Glaucus had indeed betrayed the
emotion noticed by the jealous beauty.

'Can admiration to one woman make me unworthy the friendship of another?
Sanction not so, O Julia the libels of the poets on your sex!'

'Well, you are right--or I will learn to think so.  Glaucus, yet one
moment! You are to wed Ione; is it not so?'

'If the Fates permit, such is my blessed hope.'

'Accept, then, from me, in token of our new friendship, a present for
your bride.  Nay, it is the custom of friends, you know, always to
present to bride and bridegroom some such little marks of their esteem
and favoring wishes.'

'Julia! I cannot refuse any token of friendship from one like you. I
will accept the gift as an omen from Fortune herself.'

'Then, after the feast, when the guests retire, you will descend with me
to my apartment, and receive it from my hands.  Remember!' said Julia,
as she joined the wife of Pansa, and left Glaucus to seek Ione.

The widow Fulvia and the spouse of the aedile were engaged in high and
grave discussion.

'O Fulvia! I assure you that the last account from Rome declares that
the frizzling mode of dressing the hair is growing antiquated; they only
now wear it built up in a tower, like Julia's, or arranged as a
helmet--the Galerian fashion, like mine, you see: it has a fine effect,
I think. I assure you, Vespius (Vespius was the name of the Herculaneum
hero) admires it greatly.'

'And nobody wears the hair like yon Neapolitan, in the Greek way.'

'What, parted in front, with the knot behind?  Oh, no; how ridiculous it
is! it reminds one of the statue of Diana!  Yet this Ione is handsome,

'So the men say; but then she is rich: she is to marry the Athenian--I
wish her joy.  He will not be long faithful, I suspect; those foreigners
are very faithless.'

'Oh, Julia!' said Fulvia, as the merchant's daughter joined them; 'have
you seen the tiger yet?'


'Why, all the ladies have been to see him.  He is so handsome!'

'I hope we shall find some criminal or other for him and the lion,'
replied Julia.  'Your husband (turning to Pansa's wife) is not so active
as he should be in this matter.'

'Why, really, the laws are too mild,' replied the dame of the helmet.
'There are so few offences to which the punishment of the arena can be
awarded; and then, too, the gladiators are growing effeminate!  The
stoutest bestiarii declare they are willing enough to fight a boar or a
bull; but as for a lion or a tiger, they think the game too much in

'They are worthy of a mitre,' replied Julia, in disdain.

'Oh! have you seen the new house of Fulvius, the dear poet?' said
Pansa's wife.

'No: is it handsome?'

'Very!--such good taste.  But they say, my dear, that he has such
improper pictures!  He won't show them to the women: how ill-bred!'

'Those poets are always odd,' said the widow.  'But he is an interesting
man; what pretty verses he writes!  We improve very much in poetry: it
is impossible to read the old stuff now.'

'I declare I am of your opinion, returned the lady of the helmet.
'There is so much more force and energy in the modern school.'

The warrior sauntered up to the ladies.

'It reconciles me to peace,' said he, 'when I see such faces.'

'Oh!  you heroes are ever flatterers,' returned Fulvia, hastening to
appropriate the compliment specially to herself.

'By this chain, which I received from the emperor's own hand,' replied
the warrior, playing with a short chain which hung round the neck like a
collar, instead of descending to the breast, according to the fashion of
the peaceful--'By this chain, you wrong me!  I am a blunt man--a soldier
should be so.'

'How do you find the ladies of Pompeii generally?' said Julia.

'By Venus, most beautiful!  They favor me a little, it is true, and that
inclines my eyes to double their charms.'

'We love a warrior,' said the wife of Pansa.

'I see it: by Hercules! it is even disagreeable to be too celebrated in
these cities.  At Herculaneum they climb the roof of my atrium to catch
a glimpse of me through the compluvium; the admiration of one's citizens
is pleasant at first, but burthensome afterwards.'

'True, true, O Vespius!' cried the poet, joining the group: 'I find it
so myself.'

'You!' said the stately warrior, scanning the small form of the poet
with ineffable disdain.  'In what legion have you served?'

'You may see my spoils, my exuviae, in the forum itself,' returned the
poet, with a significant glance at the women.  'I have been among the
tent-companions, the contubernales, of the great Mantuan himself.'

'I know no general from Mantua, said the warrior, gravely.  'What
campaign have you served?'

'That of Helicon.'

'I never heard of it.'

'Nay, Vespius, he does but joke,' said Julia, laughing.

'Joke!  By Mars, am I a man to be joked!'

'Yes; Mars himself was in love with the mother of jokes,' said the poet,
a little alarmed.  'Know, then, O Vespius! that I am the poet Fulvius.
It is I who make warriors immortal!'

'The gods forbid!' whispered Sallust to Julia.  'If Vespius were made
immortal, what a specimen of tiresome braggadocio would be transmitted
to posterity!'

The soldier looked puzzled; when, to the infinite relief of himself and
his companions, the signal for the feast was given.

As we have already witnessed at the house of Glaucus the ordinary
routine of a Pompeian entertainment, the reader is spared any second
detail of the courses, and the manner in which they were introduced.

Diomed, who was rather ceremonious, had appointed a nomenclator, or
appointer of places to each guest.

The reader understands that the festive board was composed of three
tables; one at the centre, and one at each wing.  It was only at the
outer side of these tables that the guests reclined; the inner space was
left untenanted, for the greater convenience of the waiters or ministri.
The extreme corner of one of the wings was appropriated to Julia as the
lady of the feast; that next her, to Diomed.  At one corner of the
centre table was placed the aedile; at the opposite corner, the Roman
senator--these were the posts of honour.  The other guests were
arranged, so that the young (gentleman or lady) should sit next each
other, and the more advanced in years be similarly matched.  An
agreeable provision enough, but one which must often have offended those
who wished to be thought still young.

The chair of Ione was next to the couch of Glaucus.  The seats were
veneered with tortoiseshell, and covered with quilts stuffed with
feathers, and ornamented with costly embroideries.  The modern ornaments
of epergne or plateau were supplied by images of the gods, wrought in
bronze, ivory, and silver.  The sacred salt-cellar and the familiar
Lares were not forgotten. Over the table and the seats a rich canopy was
suspended from the ceiling. At each corner of the table were lofty
candelabra--for though it was early noon, the room was darkened--while
from tripods, placed in different parts of the room, distilled the odor
of myrrh and frankincense; and upon the abacus, or sideboard, large
vases and various ornaments of silver were ranged, much with the same
ostentation (but with more than the same taste) that we find displayed
at a modern feast.

The custom of grace was invariably supplied by that of libations to the
gods; and Vesta, as queen of the household gods, usually received first
that graceful homage.

This ceremony being performed, the slaves showered flowers upon the
couches and the floor, and crowned each guest with rosy garlands,
intricately woven with ribands, tied by the rind of the linden-tree, and
each intermingled with the ivy and the amethyst--supposed preventives
against the effect of wine; the wreaths of the women only were exempted
from these leaves, for it was not the fashion for them to drink wine in
public.  It was then that the president Diomed thought it advisable to
institute a basileus, or director of the feast--an important office,
sometimes chosen by lot; sometimes, as now, by the master of the

Diomed was not a little puzzled as to his election.  The invalid senator
was too grave and too infirm for the proper fulfilment of his duty; the
aedile Pansa was adequate enough to the task: but then, to choose the
next in official rank to the senator, was an affront to the senator
himself.  While deliberating between the merits of the others, he caught
the mirthful glance of Sallust, and, by a sudden inspiration, named the
jovial epicure to the rank of director, or arbiter bibendi.

Sallust received the appointment with becoming humility.

'I shall be a merciful king,' said he, 'to those who drink deep; to a
recusant, Minos himself shall be less inexorable.  Beware!'

The slaves handed round basins of perfumed water, by which lavation the
feast commenced: and now the table groaned under the initiatory course.

The conversation, at first desultory and scattered, allowed Ione and
Glaucus to carry on those sweet whispers, which are worth all the
eloquence in the world.  Julia watched them with flashing eyes.

'How soon shall her place be mine!' thought she.

But Clodius, who sat in the centre table, so as to observe well the
countenance of Julia, guessed her pique, and resolved to profit by it.
He addressed her across the table in set phrases of gallantry; and as he
was of high birth and of a showy person, the vain Julia was not so much
in love as to be insensible to his attentions.

The slaves, in the interim, were constantly kept upon the alert by the
vigilant Sallust, who chased one cup by another with a celerity which
seemed as if he were resolved upon exhausting those capacious cellars
which the reader may yet see beneath the house of Diomed. The worthy
merchant began to repent his choice, as amphora after amphora was
pierced and emptied.  The slaves, all under the age of manhood (the
youngest being about ten years old--it was they who filled the wine--the
eldest, some five years older, mingled it with water), seemed to share
in the zeal of Sallust; and the face of Diomed began to glow as he
watched the provoking complacency with which they seconded the exertions
of the king of the feast.

'Pardon me, O senator!' said Sallust; 'I see you flinch; your purple hem
cannot save you--drink!'

'By the gods,' said the senator, coughing, 'my lungs are already on
fire; you proceed with so miraculous a swiftness, that Phaeton himself
was nothing to you.  I am infirm, O pleasant Sallust: you must exonerate

'Not I, by Vesta!  I am an impartial monarch--drink.'

The poor senator, compelled by the laws of the table, was forced to
comply. Alas! every cup was bringing him nearer and nearer to the
Stygian pool.

'Gently! gently! my king,' groaned Diomed; 'we already begin to...'

'Treason!' interrupted Sallust; 'no stern Brutus here!--no interference
with royalty!'

'But our female guests...'

'Love a toper!  Did not Ariadne dote upon Bacchus?'

The feast proceeded; the guests grew more talkative and noisy; the
dessert or last course was already on the table; and the slaves bore
round water with myrrh and hyssop for the finishing lavation.  At the
same time, a small circular table that had been placed in the space
opposite the guests suddenly, and as by magic, seemed to open in the
centre, and cast up a fragrant shower, sprinkling the table and the
guests; while as it ceased the awning above them was drawn aside, and
the guests perceived that a rope had been stretched across the ceiling,
and that one of those nimble dancers for which Pompeii was so
celebrated, and whose descendants add so charming a grace to the
festivities of Astley's or Vauxhall, was now treading his airy measures
right over their heads.

This apparition, removed but by a cord from one's pericranium, and
indulging the most vehement leaps, apparently with the intention of
alighting upon that cerebral region, would probably be regarded with
some terror by a party in May Fair; but our Pompeian revellers seemed to
behold the spectacle with delighted curiosity, and applauded in
proportion as the dancer appeared with the most difficulty to miss
falling upon the head of whatever guest he particularly selected to
dance above.  He paid the senator, indeed, the peculiar compliment of
literally falling from the rope, and catching it again with his hand,
just as the whole party imagined the skull of the Roman was as much
fractured as ever that of the poet whom the eagle took for a tortoise.
At length, to the great relief of at least Ione, who had not much
accustomed herself to this entertainment, the dancer suddenly paused as
a strain of music was heard from without.  He danced again still more
wildly; the air changed, the dancer paused again; no, it could not
dissolve the charm which was supposed to possess him!  He represented
one who by a strange disorder is compelled to dance, and whom only a
certain air of music can cure.  At length the musician seemed to hit on
the right tune; the dancer gave one leap, swung himself down from the
rope, alighted on the floor, and vanished.

One art now yielded to another; and the musicians who were stationed
without on the terrace struck up a soft and mellow air, to which were
sung the following words, made almost indistinct by the barrier between
and the exceeding lowness of the minstrelsy:--



     Hark! through these flowers our music sends its greeting
        To your loved halls, where Psilas shuns the day;
      When the young god his Cretan nymph was meeting
        He taught Pan's rustic pipe this gliding lay:
           Soft as the dews of wine
             Shed in this banquet hour,
           The rich libation of Sound's stream divine,
             O reverent harp, to Aphrodite pour!


     Wild rings the trump o'er ranks to glory marching;
        Music's sublimer bursts for war are meet;
      But sweet lips murmuring under wreaths o'er-arching,
        Find the low whispers like their own most sweet.
           Steal, my lull'd music, steal
             Like womans's half-heard tone,
           So that whoe'er shall hear, shall think to feel
             In thee the voice of lips that love his own.

At the end of that song Ione's cheek blushed more deeply than before,
and Glaucus had contrived, under cover of the table, to steal her hand.

'It is a pretty song,' said Fulvius, patronizingly.

'Ah! if you would oblige us!' murmured the wife of Pansa.

'Do you wish Fulvius to sing?' asked the king of the feast, who had just
called on the assembly to drink the health of the Roman senator, a cup
to each letter of his name.

'Can you ask?' said the matron, with a complimentary glance at the poet.

Sallust snapped his fingers, and whispering the slave who came to learn
his orders, the latter disappeared, and returned in a few moments with a
small harp in one hand, and a branch of myrtle in the other.  The slave
approached the poet, and with a low reverence presented to him the harp.

'Alas! I cannot play,' said the poet.

'Then you must sing to the myrtle.  It is a Greek fashion: Diomed loves
the Greeks--I love the Greeks--you love the Greeks--we all love the
Greeks--and between you and me this is not the only thing we have stolen
from them. However, I introduce this custom--I, the king: sing, subject,
sing!' The poet, with a bashful smile, took the myrtle in his hands, and
after a short prelude sang as follows, in a pleasant and well-tuned



           The merry Loves one holiday
              Were all at gambols madly;
            But Loves too long can seldom play
              Without behaving sadly.
           They laugh'd, they toy'd, they romp'd about,
           And then for change they all fell out.
           Fie, fie! how can they quarrel so?
              My Lesbia--ah, for shame, love
           Methinks 'tis scarce an hour ago
              When we did just the same, love.


        The Loves, 'tis thought, were free till then,
           They had no king or laws, dear;
         But gods, like men, should subject be,
           Say all the ancient saws, dear.
         And so our crew resolved, for quiet,
         To choose a king to curb their riot.
             A kiss: ah! what a grievous thing
              For both, methinks, 'twould be, child,
             If I should take some prudish king,
              And cease to be so free, child!


        Among their toys a Casque they found,
           It was the helm of Ares;
         With horrent plumes the crest was crown'd,
           It frightened all the Lares.
         So fine a king was never known--
        They placed the helmet on the throne.
         My girl, since Valor wins the world,
           They chose a mighty master;
         But thy sweet flag of smiles unfurled
           Would win the world much faster!


      The Casque soon found the Loves too wild
         A troop for him to school them;
       For warriors know how one such child
         Has aye contrived to fool them.
       They plagued him so, that in despair
       He took a wife the plague to share.
           If kings themselves thus find the strife
              Of earth, unshared, severe, girl;
           Why just to halve the ills of life,
              Come, take your partner here, girl.


       Within that room the Bird of Love
          The whole affair had eyed then;
        The monarch hail'd the royal dove,
          And placed her by his side then:
        What mirth amidst the Loves was seen!
        'Long live,' they cried, 'our King and Queen.'
            Ah! Lesbia, would that thrones were mine,
              And crowns to deck that brow, love!
            And yet I know that heart of thine
              For me is throne enow, love!


       The urchins hoped to tease the mate
          As they had teased the hero;
        But when the Dove in judgment sate
          They found her worse than Nero!
        Each look a frown, each word a law;
        The little subjects shook with awe.
        In thee I find the same deceit--
         Too late, alas! a learner!
        For where a mien more gently sweet?
          And where a tyrant sterner?

This song, which greatly suited the gay and lively fancy of the
Pompeians, was received with considerable applause, and the widow
insisted on crowning her namesake with the very branch of myrtle to
which he had sung.  It was easily twisted into a garland, and the
immortal Fulvius was crowned amidst the clapping of hands and shouts of
Io triumphe!  The song and the harp now circulated round the party, a
new myrtle branch being handed about, stopping at each person who could
be prevailed upon to sing.

The sun began now to decline, though the revellers, who had worn away
several hours, perceived it not in their darkened chamber; and the
senator, who was tired, and the warrior, who had to return to
Herculaneum, rising to depart, gave the signal for the general
dispersion.  'Tarry yet a moment, my friends,' said Diomed; 'if you will
go so soon, you must at least take a share in our concluding game.'

So saying, he motioned to one of the ministri, and whispering him, the
slave went out, and presently returned with a small bowl containing
various tablets carefully sealed, and, apparently, exactly similar.
Each guest was to purchase one of these at the nominal price of the
lowest piece of silver: and the sport of this lottery (which was the
favorite diversion of Augustus, who introduced it) consisted in the
inequality, and sometimes the incongruity, of the prizes, the nature and
amount of which were specified within the tablets.  For instance, the
poet, with a wry face, drew one of his own poems (no physician ever less
willingly swallowed his own draught); the warrior drew a case of
bodkins, which gave rise to certain novel witticisms relative to
Hercules and the distaff; the widow Fulvia obtained a large
drinking-cup; Julia, a gentleman's buckle; and Lepidus, a lady's
patch-box.  The most appropriate lot was drawn by the gambler Clodius,
who reddened with anger on being presented to a set of cogged dice.  A
certain damp was thrown upon the gaiety which these various lots created
by an accident that was considered ominous; Glaucus drew the most
valuable of all the prizes, a small marble statue of Fortune, of Grecian
workmanship: on handing it to him the slave suffered it to drop, and it
broke in pieces.

A shiver went round the assembly, and each voice cried spontaneously on
the gods to avert the omen.

Glaucus alone, though perhaps as superstitious as the rest, affected to
be unmoved.

'Sweet Neapolitan,' whispered he tenderly to Ione, who had turned pale
as the broken marble itself, 'I accept the omen.  It signifies that in
obtaining thee, Fortune can give no more--she breaks her image when she
blesses me with thine.'

In order to divert the impression which this incident had occasioned in
an assembly which, considering the civilization of the guests, would
seem miraculously superstitious, if at the present day in a country
party we did not often see a lady grow hypochondriacal on leaving a room
last of thirteen, Sallust now crowning his cup with flowers, gave the
health of their host.  This was followed by a similar compliment to the
emperor; and then, with a parting cup to Mercury to send them pleasant
slumbers, they concluded the entertainment by a last libation, and broke
up the party. Carriages and litters were little used in Pompeii, partly
owing to the extreme narrowness of the streets, partly to the convenient
smallness of the city.  Most of the guests replacing their sandals,
which they had put off in the banquet-room, and induing their cloaks,
left the house on foot attended by their slaves.

Meanwhile, having seen Ione depart, Glaucus turning to the staircase
which led down to the rooms of Julia, was conducted by a slave to an
apartment in which he found the merchant's daughter already seated.

'Glaucus!' said she, looking down, 'I see that you really love Ione--she
is indeed beautiful.'

'Julia is charming enough to be generous,' replied the Greek. 'Yes, I
love Ione; amidst all the youth who court you, may you have one
worshipper as sincere.'

'I pray the gods to grant it!  See, Glaucus, these pearls are the
present I destine to your bride: may Juno give her health to wear them!'

So saying, she placed a case in his hand, containing a row of pearls of
some size and price.  It was so much the custom for persons about to be
married to receive these gifts, that Glaucus could have little scruple
in accepting the necklace, though the gallant and proud Athenian inly
resolved to requite the gift by one of thrice its value. Julia then
stopping short his thanks, poured forth some wine into a small bowl.

'You have drunk many toasts with my father,' said she smiling--'one now
with me.  Health and fortune to your bride!'

She touched the cup with her lips and then presented it to Glaucus.  The
customary etiquette required that Glaucus should drain the whole
contents; he accordingly did so.  Julia, unknowing the deceit which
Nydia had practised upon her, watched him with sparkling eyes; although
the witch had told her that the effect might not be immediate, she yet
sanguinely trusted to an expeditious operation in favor of her charms.
She was disappointed when she found Glaucus coldly replace the cup, and
converse with her in the same unmoved but gentle tone as before.  And
though she detained him as long as she decorously could do, no change
took place in his manner.  'But to-morrow,' thought she, exultingly
recovering her disappointment--'to-morrow, alas for Glaucus!'

Alas for him, indeed!

Chapter IV


RESTLESS and anxious, Apaecides consumed the day in wandering through
the most sequestered walks in the vicinity of the city.  The sun was
slowly setting as he paused beside a lonely part of the Sarnus, ere yet
it wound amidst the evidences of luxury and power. Only through openings
in the woods and vines were caught glimpses of the white and gleaming
city, in which was heard in the distance no din, no sound, nor 'busiest
hum of men'.  Amidst the green banks crept the lizard and the
grasshopper, and here and there in the brake some solitary bird burst
into sudden song, as suddenly stifled. There was deep calm around, but
not the calm of night; the air still breathed of the freshness and life
of day; the grass still moved to the stir of the insect horde; and on
the opposite bank the graceful and white capella passed browsing through
the herbage, and paused at the wave to drink.

As Apaecides stood musingly gazing upon the waters, he heard beside him
the low bark of a dog.

'Be still, poor friend,' said a voice at hand; 'the stranger's step
harms not thy master.' The convert recognized the voice, and, turning,
he beheld the old mysterious man whom he had seen in the congregation of
the Nazarenes.

The old man was sitting upon a fragment of stone covered with ancient
mosses; beside him were his staff and scrip; at his feet lay a small
shaggy dog, the companion in how many a pilgrimage perilous and strange.

The face of the old man was as balm to the excited spirit of the
neophyte: he approached, and craving his blessing, sat down beside him.

'Thou art provided as for a journey, father,' said he: 'wilt thou leave
us yet?'

'My son,' replied the old man, 'the days in store for me on earth are
few and scanty; I employ them as becomes me travelling from place to
place, comforting those whom God has gathered together in His name, and
proclaiming the glory of His Son, as testified to His servant.'

'Thou hast looked, they tell me, on the face of Christ?'

'And the face revived me from the dead.  Know, young proselyte to the
true faith, that I am he of whom thou readest in the scroll of the
Apostle.  In the far Judea, and in the city of Nain, there dwelt a
widow, humble of spirit and sad of heart; for of all the ties of life
one son alone was spared to her.  And she loved him with a melancholy
love, for he was the likeness of the lost.  And the son died.  The reed
on which she leaned was broken, the oil was dried up in the widow's
cruse.  They bore the dead upon his bier; and near the gate of the city,
where the crowd were gathered, there came a silence over the sounds of
woe, for the Son of God was passing by.  The mother, who followed the
bier, wept--not noisily, but all who looked upon her saw that her heart
was crushed.  And the Lord pitied her, and he touched the bier, and
said, "I SAY UNTO THEE, ARISE," And the dead man woke and looked upon
the face of the Lord.  Oh, that calm and solemn brow, that unutterable
smile, that careworn and sorrowful face, lighted up with a God's
benignity--it chased away the shadows of the grave!  I rose, I spoke, I
was living, and in my mother's arms--yes, I am the dead revived! The
people shouted, the funeral horns rung forth merrily: there was a cry,
"God has visited His people!" I heard them not--I felt--I saw--nothing
but the face of the Redeemer!'

The old man paused, deeply moved; and the youth felt his blood creep,
and his hair stir.  He was in the presence of one who had known the
Mystery of Death!

'Till that time,' renewed the widow's son, 'I had been as other men:
thoughtless, not abandoned; taking no heed, but of the things of love
and life; nay, I had inclined to the gloomy faith of the earthly
Sadducee!  But, raised from the dead, from awful and desert dreams that
these lips never dare reveal--recalled upon earth, to testify the powers
of Heaven--once more mortal, the witness of immortality; I drew a new
being from the grave.  O faded--O lost Jerusalem!--Him from whom came my
life, I beheld adjudged to the agonized and parching death!  Far in the
mighty crowd I saw the light rest and glimmer over the cross; I heard
the hooting mob, I cried aloud, I raved, I threatened--none heeded me--I
was lost in the whirl and the roar of thousands!  But even then, in my
agony and His own, methought the glazing eye of the Son of Man sought me
out--His lip smiled, as when it conquered death--it hushed me, and I
became calm.  He who had defied the grave for another--what was the
grave to him?  The sun shone aslant the pale and powerful features, and
then died away!  Darkness fell over the earth; how long it endured, I
know not.  A loud cry came through the gloom--a sharp and bitter
cry!--and all was silent.

'But who shall tell the terrors of the night?' I walked along the
city--the earth reeled to and fro, and the houses trembled to their
base--theliving had deserted the streets, but not the Dead: through the
gloom I saw them glide--the dim and ghastly shapes, in the cerements of
the grave--with horror, and woe, and warning on their unmoving lips and
lightless eyes!--they swept by me, as I passed--they glared upon me--I
had been their brother; and they bowed their heads in recognition; they
had risen to tell the living that the dead can rise!'

Again the old man paused, and, when he resumed, it was in a calmer tone.

'From that night I resigned all earthly thought but that of serving HIM.
A preacher and a pilgrim, I have traversed the remotest corners of the
earth, proclaiming His Divinity, and bringing new converts to His fold.
I come as the wind, and as the wind depart; sowing, as the wind sows,
the seeds that enrich the world.

'Son, on earth we shall meet no more.  Forget not this hour,--what are
the pleasures and the pomps of life?  As the lamp shines, so life
glitters for an hour; but the soul's light is the star that burns for
ever, in the heart of inimitable space.'

It was then that their conversation fell upon the general and sublime
doctrines of immortality; it soothed and elevated the young mind of the
convert, which yet clung to many of the damps and shadows of that cell
of faith which he had so lately left--it was the air of heaven breathing
on the prisoner released at last.  There was a strong and marked
distinction between the Christianity of the old man and that of
Olinthus; that of the first was more soft, more gentle, more divine.
The heroism of Olinthus had something in it fierce and intolerant--it
was necessary to the part he was destined to play--it had in it more of
the courage of the martyr than the charity of the saint.  It aroused, it
excited, it nerved, rather than subdued and softened.  But the whole
heart of that divine old man was bathed in love; the smile of the Deity
had burned away from it the leaven of earthlier and coarser passions,
and left to the energy of the hero all the meekness of the child.

'And now,' said he, rising at length, as the sun's last ray died in the
west; 'now, in the cool of twilight, I pursue my way towards the
Imperial Rome.  There yet dwell some holy men, who like me have beheld
the face of Christ; and them would I see before I die.'

'But the night is chill for thine age, my father, and the way is long,
and the robber haunts it; rest thee till to-morrow.'

'Kind son, what is there in this scrip to tempt the robber?  And the
Night and the Solitude!--these make the ladder round which angels
cluster, and beneath which my spirit can dream of God.  Oh! none can
know what the pilgrim feels as he walks on his holy course; nursing no
fear, and dreading no danger--for God is with him!  He hears the winds
murmur glad tidings; the woods sleep in the shadow of Almighty
wings--the stars are the Scriptures of Heaven, the tokens of love, and
the witnesses of immortality.  Night is the Pilgrim's day.' With these
words the old man pressed Apaecides to his breast, and taking up his
staff and scrip, the dog bounded cheerily before him, and with slow
steps and downcast eyes he went his way.

The convert stood watching his bended form, till the trees shut the last
glimpse from his view; and then, as the stars broke forth, he woke from
the musings with a start, reminded of his appointment with Olinthus.

Chapter V


WHEN Glaucus arrived at his own home, he found Nydia seated under the
portico of his garden.  In fact, she had sought his house in the mere
chance that he might return at an early hour: anxious, fearful,
anticipative, she resolved upon seizing the earliest opportunity of
availing herself of the love-charm, while at the same time she half
hoped the opportunity might be deferred.

It was then, in that fearful burning mood, her heart beating, her cheek
flushing, that Nydia awaited the possibility of Glaucus's return before
the night.  He crossed the portico just as the first stars began to
rise, and the heaven above had assumed its most purple robe.

'Ho, my child, wait you for me?'

'Nay, I have been tending the flowers, and did but linger a little while
to rest myself.'

'It has been warm,' said Glaucus, placing himself also on one of the
seats beneath the colonnade.


'Wilt thou summon Davus?  The wine I have drunk heats me, and I long for
some cooling drink.'

Here at once, suddenly and unexpectedly, the very opportunity that Nydia
awaited presented itself; of himself, at his own free choice, he
afforded to her that occasion.  She breathed quick--'I will prepare for
you myself,' said she, 'the summer draught that Ione loves--of honey and
weak wine cooled in snow.'

'Thanks,' said the unconscious Glaucus.  'If Ione love it, enough; it
would be grateful were it poison.'

Nydia frowned, and then smiled; she withdrew for a few moments, and
returned with the cup containing the beverage.  Glaucus took it from her
hand.  What would not Nydia have given then for one hour's prerogative
of sight, to have watched her hopes ripening to effect--to have seen the
first dawn of the imagined love--to have worshipped with more than
Persian adoration the rising of that sun which her credulous soul
believed was to break upon her dreary night!  Far different, as she
stood then and there, were the thoughts, the emotions of the blind girl,
from those of the vain Pompeian under a similar suspense.  In the last,
what poor and frivolous passions had made up the daring whole! What
petty pique, what small revenge, what expectation of a paltry triumph,
had swelled the attributes of that sentiment she dignified with the name
of love! but in the wild heart of the Thessalian all was pure,
uncontrolled, unmodified passion--erring, unwomanly, frenzied, but
debased by no elements of a more sordid feeling. Filled with love as
with life itself, how could she resist the occasion of winning love in

She leaned for support against the wall, and her face, before so
flushed, was now white as snow, and with her delicate hands clasped
convulsively together, her lips apart, her eyes on the ground, she
waited the next words Glaucus should utter.

Glaucus had raised the cup to his lips, he had already drained about a
fourth of its contents, when his eye suddenly glancing upon the face of
Nydia, he was so forcibly struck by its alteration, by its intense, and
painful, and strange expression, that he paused abruptly, and still
holding the cup near his lips, exclaimed:

'Why, Nydia! Nydia! I say, art thou ill or in pain?  Nay, thy face
speaks for thee.  What ails my poor child?'  As he spoke, he put down
the cup and rose from his seat to approach her, when a sudden pang shot
coldly to his heart, and was followed by a wild, confused, dizzy
sensation at the brain. The floor seemed to glide from under him--his
feet seemed to move on air--a mighty and unearthly gladness rushed upon
his spirit--he felt too buoyant for the earth--he longed for wings, nay,
it seemed in the buoyancy of his new existence, as if he possessed them.
He burst involuntarily into a loud and thrilling laugh.  He clapped his
hands--he bounded aloft--he was as a Pythoness inspired; suddenly as it
came this preternatural transport passed, though only partially, away.
He now felt his blood rushing loudly and rapidly through his veins; it
seemed to swell, to exult, to leap along, as a stream that has burst its
bounds, and hurries to the ocean.  It throbbed in his ear with a mighty
sound, he felt it mount to his brow, he felt the veins in the temples
stretch and swell as if they could no longer contain the violent and
increasing tide--then a kind of darkness fell over his eyes--darkness,
but not entire; for through the dim shade he saw the opposite walls glow
out, and the figures painted thereon seemed, ghost-like, to creep and
glide.  What was most strange, he did not feel himself ill--he did not
sink or quail beneath the dread frenzy that was gathering over him. The
novelty of the feelings seemed bright and vivid--he felt as if a younger
health had been infused into his frame.  He was gliding on to
madness--and he knew it not!

Nydia had not answered his first question--she had not been able to
reply--his wild and fearful laugh had roused her from her passionate
suspense: she could not see his fierce gesture--she could not mark his
reeling and unsteady step as he paced unconsciously to and fro; but she
heard the words, broken, incoherent, insane, that gushed from his lips.
She became terrified and appalled--she hastened to him, feeling with her
arms until she touched his knees, and then falling on the ground she
embraced them, weeping with terror and excitement.

'Oh, speak to me! speak! you do not hate me?--speak, speak!'

'By the bright goddess, a beautiful land this Cyprus!  Ho! how they fill
us with wine instead of blood! now they open the veins of the Faun
yonder, to show how the tide within bubbles and sparkles.  Come hither,
jolly old god! thou ridest on a goat, eh?--what long silky hair he has!
He is worth all the coursers of Parthia.  But a word with thee--this
wine of thine is too strong for us mortals.  Oh! beautiful! the boughs
are at rest! the green waves of the forest have caught the Zephyr and
drowned him!  Not a breath stirs the leaves--and I view the Dreams
sleeping with folded wings upon the motionless elm; and I look beyond,
and I see a blue stream sparkle in the silent noon; a fountain--a
fountain springing aloft!  Ah! my fount, thou wilt not put out rays of
my Grecian sun, though thou triest ever so hard with thy nimble and
silver arms.  And now, what form steals yonder through the boughs? she
glides like a moonbeam!--she has a garland of oak-leaves on her head.
In her hand is a vase upturned, from which she pours pink and tiny
shells and sparkling water.  Oh! look on yon face!  Man never before saw
its like.  See! we are alone; only I and she in the wide forest.  There
is no smile upon her lips--she moves, grave and sweetly sad.  Ha! fly,
it is a nymph!--it is one of the wild Napaeae!  Whoever sees her becomes
mad-fly! see, she discovers me!'

'Oh! Glaucus! Glaucus! do you not know me?  Rave not so wildly, or thou
wilt kill me with a word!'

A new change seemed now to operate upon the jarring and disordered mind
of the unfortunate Athenian.  He put his hand upon Nydia's silken hair;
he smoothed the locks--he looked wistfully upon her face, and then, as
in the broken chain of thought one or two links were yet unsevered, it
seemed that her countenance brought its associations of Ione; and with
that remembrance his madness became yet more powerful, and it swayed and
tinged by passion, as he burst forth:

'I swear by Venus, by Diana, and by Juno, that though I have now the
world on my shoulders, as my countryman Hercules (ah, dull Rome! whoever
was truly great was of Greece; why, you would be godless if it were not
for us!)--I say, as my countryman Hercules had before me, I would let it
fall into chaos for one smile from Ione.  Ah, Beautiful,--Adored,' he
added, in a voice inexpressibly fond and plaintive, 'thou lovest me not.
Thou art unkind to me.  The Egyptian hath belied me to thee--thou
knowest not what hours I have spent beneath thy casement--thou knowest
not how I have outwatched the stars, thinking thou, my sun, wouldst rise
at last--and thou lovest me not, thou forsakest me!  Oh! do not leave me
now!  I feel that my life will not be long; let me gaze on thee at least
unto the last.  I am of the bright land of thy fathers--I have trod the
heights of Phyle--I have gathered the hyacinth and rose amidst the
olive-groves of Ilyssus.  Thou shouldst not desert me, for thy fathers
were brothers to my own.  And they say this land is lovely, and these
climes serene, but I will bear thee with me--Ho! dark form, why risest
thou like a cloud between me and mine?  Death sits calmly dread upon thy
brow--on thy lip is the smile that slays: thy name is Orcus, but on
earth men call thee Arbaces.  See, I know thee! fly, dim shadow, thy
spells avail not!'

'Glaucus! Glaucus!' murmured Nydia, releasing her hold and falling,
beneath the excitement of her dismay, remorse, and anguish, insensible
on the floor.

'Who calls?' said he in a loud voice.  'Ione, it is she! they have borne
her off--we will save her--where is my stilus?  Ha, I have it!  I come,
Ione, to thy rescue!  I come!  I come!'

So saying, the Athenian with one bound passed the portico, he traversed
the house, and rushed with swift but vacillating steps, and muttering
audibly to himself, down the starlit streets.  The direful potion burnt
like fire in his veins, for its effect was made, perhaps, still more
sudden from the wine he had drunk previously.  Used to the excesses of
nocturnal revellers, the citizens, with smiles and winks, gave way to
his reeling steps; they naturally imagined him under the influence of
the Bromian god, not vainly worshipped at Pompeii; but they who looked
twice upon his face started in a nameless fear, and the smile withered
from their lips.  He passed the more populous streets; and, pursuing
mechanically the way to Ione's house, he traversed a more deserted
quarter, and entered now the lonely grove of Cybele, in which Apaecides
had held his interview with Olinthus.

Chapter VI


IMPATIENT to learn whether the fell drug had yet been administered by
Julia to his hated rival, and with what effect, Arbaces resolved, as the
evening came on, to seek her house, and satisfy his suspense. It was
customary, as I have before said, for men at that time to carry abroad
with them the tablets and the stilus attached to their girdle; and with
the girdle they were put off when at home.  In fact, under the
appearance of a literary instrument, the Romans carried about with them
in that same stilus a very sharp and formidable weapon.  It was with his
stilus that Cassius stabbed Caesar in the senate-house.  Taking, then,
his girdle and his cloak, Arbaces left his house, supporting his steps,
which were still somewhat feeble (though hope and vengeance had
conspired greatly with his own medical science, which was profound, to
restore his natural strength), by his long staff--Arbaces took his way
to the villa of Diomed.

And beautiful is the moonlight of the south!  In those climes the night
so quickly glides into the day, that twilight scarcely makes a bridge
between them.  One moment of darker purple in the sky--of a thousand
rose-hues in the water--of shade half victorious over light; and then
burst forth at once the countless stars--the moon is up--night has
resumed her reign!

Brightly then, and softly bright, fell the moonbeams over the antique
grove consecrated to Cybele--the stately trees, whose date went beyond
tradition, cast their long shadows over the soil, while through the
openings in their boughs the stars shone, still and frequent.  The
whiteness of the small sacellum in the centre of the grove, amidst the
dark foliage, had in it something abrupt and startling; it recalled at
once the purpose to which the wood was consecrated--its holiness and

With a swift and stealthy pace, Calenus, gliding under the shade of the
trees, reached the chapel, and gently putting back the boughs that
completely closed around its rear, settled himself in his concealment; a
concealment so complete, what with the fane in front and the trees
behind, that no unsuspicious passenger could possibly have detected him.
Again, all was apparently solitary in the grove: afar off you heard
faintly the voices of some noisy revellers or the music that played
cheerily to the groups that then, as now in those climates, during the
nights of summer, lingered in the streets, and enjoyed, in the fresh air
and the liquid moonlight, a milder day.

From the height on which the grove was placed, you saw through the
intervals of the trees the broad and purple sea, rippling in the
distance, the white villas of Stabiae in the curving shore, and the dim
Lectiarian hills mingling with the delicious sky.  Presently the tall
figure of Arbaces, in his way to the house of Diomed, entered the
extreme end of the grove; and at the same instant Apaecides, also bound
to his appointment with Olinthus, crossed the Egyptian's path.

'Hem! Apaecides,' said Arbaces, recognizing the priest at a glance;
'when last we met, you were my foe.  I have wished since then to see
you, for I would have you still my pupil and my friend.'

Apaecides started at the voice of the Egyptian; and halting abruptly,
gazed upon him with a countenance full of contending, bitter, and
scornful emotions.

'Villain and impostor!' said he at length; 'thou hast recovered then
from the jaws of the grave!  But think not again to weave around me thy
guilty meshes.  Retiarius, I am armed against thee!'

'Hush!' said Arbaces, in a very low voice--but his pride, which in that
descendant of kings was great, betrayed the wound it received from the
insulting epithets of the priest in the quiver of his lip and the flush
of his tawny brow.  'Hush! more low! thou mayest be overheard, and if
other ears than mine had drunk those sounds--why...'

'Dost thou threaten?--what if the whole city had heard me?'

'The manes of my ancestors would not have suffered me to forgive thee.
But, hold, and hear me.  Thou art enraged that I would have offered
violence to thy sister.  Nay, peace, peace, but one instant, I pray
thee.  Thou art right; it was the frenzy of passion and of jealousy--I
have repented bitterly of my madness.  Forgive me; I, who never implored
pardon of living man, beseech thee now to forgive me. Nay, I will atone
the insult--I ask thy sister in marriage--start not--consider--what is
the alliance of yon holiday Greek compared to mine?  Wealth
unbounded--birth that in its far antiquity leaves your Greek and Roman
names the things of yesterday--science--but that thou knowest!  Give me
thy sister, and my whole life shall atone a moment's error.'

'Egyptian, were even I to consent, my sister loathes the very air thou
breathest: but I have my own wrongs to forgive--I may pardon thee that
thou hast made me a tool to thy deceits, but never that thou hast
seduced me to become the abettor of thy vices--a polluted and a perjured
man. Tremble!--even now I prepare the hour in which thou and thy false
gods shall be unveiled.  Thy lewd and Circean life shall be dragged to
day--thy mumming oracles disclosed--the fane of the idol Isis shall be a
byword and a scorn--the name of Arbaces a mark for the hisses of
execration!  Tremble!'

The flush on the Egyptian's brow was succeeded by a livid paleness.  He
looked behind, before, around, to feel assured that none were by; and
then he fixed his dark and dilating eye on the priest, with such a gaze
of wrath and menace, that one, perhaps, less supported than Apaecides by
the fervent daring of a divine zeal, could not have faced with
unflinching look that lowering aspect. As it was, however, the young
convert met it unmoved, and returned it with an eye of proud defiance.

'Apaecides,' said the Egyptian, in a tremulous and inward tone, 'beware!
What is it thou wouldst meditate?  Speakest thou--reflect, pause before
thou repliest--from the hasty influences of wrath, as yet divining no
settled purpose, or from some fixed design?'

'I speak from the inspiration of the True God, whose servant I now am,'
answered the Christian, boldly; 'and in the knowledge that by His grace
human courage has already fixed the date of thy hypocrisy and thy
demon's worship; ere thrice the sun has dawned, thou wilt know all!
Dark sorcerer, tremble, and farewell!'

All the fierce and lurid passions which he inherited from his nation and
his clime, at all times but ill concealed beneath the blandness of craft
and the coldness of philosophy, were released in the breast of the
Egyptian. Rapidly one thought chased another; he saw before him an
obstinate barrier to even a lawful alliance with Ione--the
fellow-champion of Glaucus in the struggle which had baffled his
designs--the reviler of his name--the threatened desecrator of the
goddess he served while he disbelieved--the avowed and approaching
revealer of his own impostures and vices.  His love, his repute, nay,
his very life, might be in danger--the day and hour seemed even to have
been fixed for some design against him.  He knew by the words of the
convert that Apaecides had adopted the Christian faith: he knew the
indomitable zeal which led on the proselytes of that creed.  Such was
his enemy; he grasped his stilus--that enemy was in his power! They were
now before the chapel; one hasty glance once more he cast around; he saw
none near--silence and solitude alike tempted him.

'Die, then, in thy rashness!' he muttered; 'away, obstacle to my rushing

And just as the young Christian had turned to depart, Arbaces raised his
hand high over the left shoulder of Apaecides, and plunged his sharp
weapon twice into his breast.

Apaecides fell to the ground pierced to the heart--he fell mute, without
even a groan, at the very base of the sacred chapel.

Arbaces gazed upon him for a moment with the fierce animal joy of
conquest over a foe.  But presently the full sense of the danger to
which he was exposed flashed upon him; he wiped his weapon carefully in
the long grass, and with the very garments of his victim; drew his cloak
round him, and was about to depart, when he saw, coming up the path,
right before him, the figure of a young man, whose steps reeled and
vacillated strangely as he advanced: the quiet moonlight streamed full
upon his face, which seemed, by the whitening ray, colorless as marble.
The Egyptian recognized the face and form of Glaucus.  The unfortunate
and benighted Greek was chanting a disconnected and mad song, composed
from snatches of hymns and sacred odes, all jarringly woven together.

'Ha!' thought the Egyptian, instantaneously divining his state and its
terrible cause; 'so, then, the hell-draught works, and destiny hath sent
thee hither to crush two of my foes at once!'

Quickly, even ere this thought occurred to him, he had withdrawn on one
side of the chapel, and concealed himself amongst the boughs; from that
lurking place he watched, as a tiger in his lair, the advance of his
second victim. He noted the wandering and restless fire in the bright
and beautiful eyes of the Athenian; the convulsions that distorted his
statue-like features, and writhed his hueless lip.  He saw that the
Greek was utterly deprived of reason.  Nevertheless, as Glaucus came up
to the dead body of Apaecides, from which the dark red stream flowed
slowly over the grass, so strange and ghastly a spectacle could not fail
to arrest him, benighted and erring as was his glimmering sense.  He
paused, placed his hand to his brow, as if to collect himself, and then

'What ho! Endymion, sleepest thou so soundly?  What has the moon said to
thee?  Thou makest me jealous; it is time to wake'--he stooped down with
the intention of lifting up the body.

Forgetting--feeling not--his own debility, the Egyptian sprung from his
hiding-place, and, as the Greek bent, struck him forcibly to the ground,
over the very body of the Christian; then, raising his powerful voice to
its highest pitch, he shouted:

'Ho, citizens--oh! help me!--run hither--hither!--A murder--a murder
before your very fane!  Help, or the murderer escapes!' As he spoke, he
placed his foot on the breast of Glaucus: an idle and superfluous
precaution; for the potion operating with the fall, the Greek lay there
motionless and insensible, save that now and then his lips gave vent to
some vague and raving sounds.

As he there stood awaiting the coming of those his voice still continued
to summons, perhaps some remorse, some compunctious visitings--for
despite his crimes he was human--haunted the breast of the Egyptian; the
defenceless state of Glaucus--his wandering words--his shattered reason,
smote him even more than the death of Apaecides, and he said, half
audibly, to himself:

'Poor clay!--poor human reason; where is the soul now?  I could spare
thee, O my rival--rival never more!  But destiny must be obeyed--my
safety demands thy sacrifice.' With that, as if to drown compunction, he
shouted yet more loudly; and drawing from the girdle of Glaucus the
stilus it contained, he steeped it in the blood of the murdered man, and
laid it beside the corpse.

And now, fast and breathless, several of the citizens came thronging to
the place, some with torches, which the moon rendered unnecessary, but
which flared red and tremulously against the darkness of the trees; they
surrounded the spot.  'Lift up yon corpse,' said the Egyptian, 'and
guard well the murderer.'

They raised the body, and great was their horror and sacred indignation
to discover in that lifeless clay a priest of the adored and venerable
Isis; but still greater, perhaps, was their surprise, when they found
the accused in the brilliant and admired Athenian.

'Glaucus!' cried the bystanders, with one accord; 'is it even credible?'

'I would sooner,' whispered one man to his neighbor, 'believe it to be
the Egyptian himself.'

Here a centurion thrust himself into the gathering crowd, with an air of

'How! blood spilt! who the murderer?'

The bystanders pointed to Glaucus.

'He!--by Mars, he has rather the air of being the victim!

'Who accuses him?'

'I,' said Arbaces, drawing himself up haughtily; and the jewels which
adorned his dress flashing in the eyes of the soldier, instantly
convinced that worthy warrior of the witness's respectability.

'Pardon me--your name?' said he.

'Arbaces; it is well known methinks in Pompeii.  Passing through the
grove, I beheld before me the Greek and the priest in earnest
conversation.  I was struck by the reeling motions of the first, his
violent gestures, and the loudness of his voice; he seemed to me either
drunk or mad.  Suddenly I saw him raise his stilus--I darted
forward--too late to arrest the blow.  He had twice stabbed his victim,
and was bending over him, when, in my horror and indignation, I struck
the murderer to the ground.  He fell without a struggle, which makes me
yet more suspect that he was not altogether in his senses when the crime
was perpetrated; for, recently recovered from a severe illness, my blow
was comparatively feeble, and the frame of Glaucus, as you see, is
strong and youthful.'

'His eyes are open now--his lips move,' said the soldier. 'Speak,
prisoner, what sayest thou to the charge?'

'The charge--ha--ha!  Why, it was merrily done; when the old hag set her
serpent at me, and Hecate stood by laughing from ear to ear--what could
I do?  But I am ill--I faint--the serpent's fiery tongue hath bitten me.
Bear me to bed, and send for your physician; old AEsculapius himself
will attend me if you let him know that I am Greek.  Oh, mercy--mercy!
I burn!--marrow and brain, I burn!'

And, with a thrilling and fierce groan, the Athenian fell back in the
arms of the bystanders.

'He raves,' said the officer, compassionately; 'and in his delirium he
has struck the priest.  Hath any one present seen him to-day!'

'I,' said one of the spectators, 'beheld him in the morning.  He passed
my shop and accosted me.  He seemed well and sane as the stoutest of

'And I saw him half an hour ago,' said another, 'passing up the streets,
muttering to himself with strange gestures, and just as the Egyptian has

'A corroboration of the witness! it must be too true.  He must at all
events to the praetor; a pity, so young and so rich!  But the crime is
dreadful: a priest of Isis, in his very robes, too, and at the base
itself of our most ancient chapel!'

At these words the crowd were reminded more forcibly, than in their
excitement and curiosity they had yet been, of the heinousness of the
sacrilege.  They shuddered in pious horror.

'No wonder the earth has quaked,' said one, 'when it held such a

'Away with him to prison--away!' cried they all.

And one solitary voice was heard shrilly and joyously above the rest:
'The beasts will not want a gladiator now,  Ho, ho, for the merry, merry

It was the voice of the young woman whose conversation with Medon has
been repeated.

'True--true--it chances in season for the games!' cried several; and at
that thought all pity for the accused seemed vanished.  His youth, his
beauty, but fitted him better for the purpose of the arena.

'Bring hither some planks--or if at hand, a litter--to bear the dead,'
said Arbaces: 'a priest of Isis ought scarcely to be carried to his
temple by vulgar hands, like a butchered gladiator.'

At this the bystanders reverently laid the corpse of Apaecides on the
ground, with the face upwards; and some of them went in search of some
contrivance to bear the body, untouched by the profane.

It was just at that time that the crowd gave way to right and left as a
sturdy form forced itself through, and Olinthus the Christian stood
immediately confronting the Egyptian.  But his eyes, at first, only
rested with inexpressible grief and horror on that gory side and
upturned face, on which the agony of violent death yet lingered.

'Murdered!' he said.  'Is it thy zeal that has brought thee to this?
Have they detected thy noble purpose, and by death prevented their own

He turned his head abruptly, and his eyes fell full on the solemn
features of the Egyptian.

As he looked, you might see in his face, and even the slight shiver of
his frame, the repugnance and aversion which the Christian felt for one
whom he knew to be so dangerous and so criminal.  It was indeed the gaze
of the bird upon the basilisk--so silent was it and so prolonged.  But
shaking off the sudden chill that had crept over him, Olinthus extended
his right arm towards Arbaces, and said, in a deep and loud voice:

'Murder hath been done upon this corpse!  Where is the murderer? Stand
forth, Egyptian!  For, as the Lord liveth, I believe thou art the man!'

An anxious and perturbed change might for one moment be detected on the
dusky features of Arbaces; but it gave way to the frowning expression of
indignation and scorn, as, awed and arrested by the suddenness and
vehemence of the charge, the spectators pressed nearer and nearer upon
the two more prominent actors.

'I know,' said Arbaces, proudly, 'who is my accuser, and I guess
wherefore he thus arraigns me.  Men and citizens, know this man for the
most bitter of the Nazarenes, if that or Christians be their proper
name!  What marvel that in his malignity he dares accuse even an
Egyptian of the murder of a priest of Egypt!'

'I know him!  I know the dog!' shouted several voices.  'It is Olinthus
the Christian--or rather the Atheist--he denies the gods!'

'Peace, brethren,' said Olinthus, with dignity, 'and hear me!  This
murdered priest of Isis before his death embraced the Christian
faith--he revealed to me the dark sins, the sorceries of yon
Egyptian--the mummeries and delusions of the fane of Isis.  He was about
to declare them publicly.  He, a stranger, unoffending, without enemies!
who should shed his blood but one of those who feared his witness?  Who
might fear that testimony the most?--Arbaces, the Egyptian!'

'You hear him!' said Arbaces; 'you hear him! he blasphemes!  Ask him if
he believes in Isis!'

'Do I believe in an evil demon?' returned Olinthus, boldly.

A groan and shudder passed through the assembly.  Nothing daunted, for
prepared at every time for peril, and in the present excitement losing
all prudence, the Christian continued:

'Back, idolaters! this clay is not for your vain and polluting rites--it
is to us--to the followers of Christ, that the last offices due to a
Christian belong.  I claim this dust in the name of the great Creator
who has recalled the spirit!'

With so solemn and commanding a voice and aspect the Christian spoke
these words, that even the crowd forbore to utter aloud the execration
of fear and hatred which in their hearts they conceived. And never,
perhaps, since Lucifer and the Archangel contended for the body of the
mighty Lawgiver, was there a more striking subject for the painter's
genius than that scene exhibited.  The dark trees--the stately fane--the
moon full on the corpse of the deceased--the torches tossing wildly to
and fro in the rear--the various faces of the motley audience--the
insensible form of the Athenian, supported, in the distance, and in the
foreground, and above all, the forms of Arbaces and the Christian: the
first drawn to its full height, far taller than the herd around; his
arms folded, his brow knit, his eyes fixed, his lip slightly curled in
defiance and disdain.  The last bearing, on a brow worn and furrowed,
the majesty of an equal command--the features stern, yet frank--the
aspect bold, yet open--the quiet dignity of the whole form impressed
with an ineffable earnestness, hushed, as it were, in a solemn sympathy
with the awe he himself had created.  His left hand pointing to the
corpse--his right hand raised to heaven.

The centurion pressed forward again.

'In the first place, hast thou, Olinthus, or whatever be thy name, any
proof of the charge thou hast made against Arbaces, beyond thy vague

Olinthus remained silent--the Egyptian laughed contemptuously.

'Dost thou claim the body of a priest of Isis as one of the Nazarene or
Christian sect?'

'I do.'

'Swear then by yon fane, yon statue of Cybele, by yon most ancient
sacellum in Pompeii, that the dead man embraced your faith!'

'Vain man!  I disown your idols!  I abhor your temples!  How can I swear
by Cybele then?'

'Away, away with the Atheist! away! the earth will swallow us, if we
suffer these blasphemers in a sacred grove--away with him to death!'

'To the beasts!' added a female voice in the centre of the crowd; 'we
shall have one a-piece now for the lion and tiger!'

'If, O Nazarene, thou disbelievest in Cybele, which of our gods dost
thou own?' resumed the soldier, unmoved by the cries around.


'Hark to him! hark!' cried the crowd.

'O vain and blind!' continued the Christian, raising his voice: 'can you
believe in images of wood and stone?  Do you imagine that they have eyes
to see, or ears to hear, or hands to help ye?  Is yon mute thing carved
by man's art a goddess!--hath it made mankind?--alas! by mankind was it
made. Lo! convince yourself of its nothingness--of your folly.'

And as he spoke he strode across to the fane, and ere any of the
bystanders were aware of his purpose, he, in his compassion or his zeal,
struck the statue of wood from its pedestal.

'See!' cried he, 'your goddess cannot avenge herself.  Is this a thing
to worship?'

Further words were denied to him: so gross and daring a sacrilege--of
one, too, of the most sacred of their places of worship--filled even the
most lukewarm with rage and horror.  With one accord the crowd rushed
upon him, seized, and but for the interference of the centurion, they
would have torn him to pieces.

'Peace!' said the soldier, authoritatively--'refer we this insolent
blasphemer to the proper tribunal--time has been already wasted.  Bear
we both the culprits to the magistrates; place the body of the priest on
the litter--carry it to his own home.'

At this moment a priest of Isis stepped forward.  'I claim these
remains, according to the custom of the priesthood.'

'The flamen be obeyed,' said the centurion.  'How is the murderer?'

'Insensible or asleep.'

'Were his crimes less, I could pity him.  On!'

Arbaces, as he turned, met the eye of that priest of Isis--it was
Calenus; and something there was in that glance, so significant and
sinister, that the Egyptian muttered to himself:

'Could he have witnessed the deed?'

A girl darted from the crowd, and gazed hard on the face of Olinthus.
'By Jupiter, a stout knave!  I say, we shall have a man for the tiger
now; one for each beast!'

'Ho!' shouted the mob; 'a man for the lion, and another for the tiger!
What luck!  Io Paean!'

Chapter VII


THE night was somewhat advanced, and the gay lounging places of the
Pompeians were still crowded.  You might observe in the countenances of
the various idlers a more earnest expression than usual.  They talked in
large knots and groups, as if they sought by numbers to divide the
half-painful, half-pleasurable anxiety which belonged to the subject
on which they conversed: it was a subject of life and death.

A young man passed briskly by the graceful portico of the Temple of
Fortune--so briskly, indeed, that he came with no slight force full
against the rotund and comely form of that respectable citizen Diomed,
who was retiring homeward to his suburban villa.

'Holloa!' groaned the merchant, recovering with some difficulty his
equilibrium; 'have you no eyes? or do you think I have no feeling? By
Jupiter! you have well nigh driven out the divine particle; such another
shock, and my soul will be in Hades!'

'Ah, Diomed! is it you?  forgive my inadvertence.  I was absorbed in
thinking of the reverses of life.  Our poor friend, Glaucus, eh! who
could have guessed it?'

'Well, but tell me, Clodius, is he really to be tried by the senate?'

'Yes; they say the crime is of so extraordinary a nature that the senate
itself must adjudge it; and so the lictors are to induct him formally.'

'He has been accused publicly, then?'

'To be sure; where have you been not to hear that?'

'Why, I have only just returned from Neapolis, whither I went on
business the very morning after his crime--so shocking, and at my house
the same night that it happened!'

'There is no doubt of his guilt,' said Clodius, shrugging his shoulders;
'and as these crimes take precedence of all little undignified
peccadilloes, they will hasten to finish the sentence previous to the

'The games!  Good gods!' replied Diomed, with a slight shudder: 'can
they adjudge him to the beasts?--so young, so rich!'

'True; but then he is a Greek.  Had he been a Roman, it would have been
a thousand pities.  These foreigners can be borne with in their
prosperity; but in adversity we must not forget that they are in reality
slaves. However, we of the upper classes are always tender-hearted; and
he would certainly get off tolerably well if he were left to us: for,
between ourselves, what is a paltry priest of Isis!--what Isis herself?
But the common people are superstitious; they clamor for the blood of
the sacrilegious one.  It is dangerous not to give way to public

'And the blasphemer--the Christian, or Nazarene, or whatever else he be

'Oh, poor dog! if he will sacrifice to Cybele or Isis, he will be
pardoned--if not, the tiger has him.  At least, so I suppose; but the
trial will decide.  We talk while the urn's still empty.  And the Greek
may yet escape the deadly Theta of his own alphabet.  But enough of this
gloomy subject.  How is the fair Julia?'

'Well, I fancy.'

'Commend me to her.  But hark! the door yonder creaks on its hinges; it
is the house of the praetor.  Who comes forth?  By Pollux! it is the
Egyptian! What can he want with our official friend!'

'Some conference touching the murder, doubtless,' replied Diomed; 'but
what was supposed to be the inducement to the crime? Glaucus was to have
married the priest's sister.'

'Yes: some say Apaecides refused the alliance.  It might have been a
sudden quarrel.  Glaucus was evidently drunk--nay, so much so as to
have been quite insensible when taken up, and I hear is still
delirious--whether with wine, terror, remorse, the Furies, or the
Bacchanals, I cannot say.'

'Poor fellow!--he has good counsel?'

'The best--Caius Pollio, an eloquent fellow enough.  Pollio has been
hiring all the poor gentlemen and well-born spendthrifts of Pompeii to
dress shabbily and sneak about, swearing their friendship to Glaucus
(who would not have spoken to them to be made emperor!--I will do him
justice, he was a gentleman in his choice of acquaintance), and trying
to melt the stony citizens into pity.  But it will not do; Isis is
mightily popular just at this moment.'

'And, by-the-by, I have some merchandise at Alexandria.  Yes, Isis ought
to be protected.'

'True; so farewell, old gentleman: we shall meet soon; if not, we must
have a friendly bet at the Amphitheatre.  All my calculations are
confounded by this cursed misfortune of Glaucus!  He had bet on Lydon
the gladiator; I must make up my tablets elsewhere.  Vale!'

Leaving the less active Diomed to regain his villa, Clodius strode on,
humming a Greek air, and perfuming the night with the odorous that
steamed from his snowy garments and flowing locks.

'If,' thought he, 'Glaucus feed the lion, Julia will no longer have a
person to love better than me; she will certainly doat on me--and so, I
suppose, I must marry.  By the gods! the twelve lines begin to fail--men
look suspiciously at my hand when it rattles the dice. That infernal
Sallust insinuates cheating; and if it be discovered that the ivory is
clogged, why farewell to the merry supper and the perfumed
billet--Clodius is undone! Better marry, then, while I may, renounce
gaming, and push my fortune (or rather the gentle Julia's) at the
imperial court.'

Thus muttering the schemes of his ambition, if by that high name the
projects of Clodius may be called, the gamester found himself suddenly
accosted; he turned and beheld the dark brow of Arbaces.

'Hail, noble Clodius! pardon my interruption; and inform me, I pray you,
which is the house of Sallust?'

'It is but a few yards hence, wise Arbaces.  But does Sallust entertain

'I know not,' answered the Egyptian; 'nor am I, perhaps, one of those
whom he would seek as a boon companion.  But thou knowest that his house
holds the person of Glaucus, the murderer.'

'Ay! he, good-hearted epicure, believes in the Greek's innocence!  You
remind me that he has become his surety; and, therefore, till the trial,
is responsible for his appearance.' Well, Sallust's house is better than
a prison, especially that wretched hole in the forum.  But for what can
you seek Glaucus?'

'Why, noble Clodius, if we could save him from execution it would be
well. The condemnation of the rich is a blow upon society itself.  I
should like to confer with him--for I hear he has recovered his
senses--and ascertain the motives of his crime; they may be so
extenuating as to plead in his defence.'

'You are benevolent, Arbaces.'

'Benevolence is the duty of one who aspires to wisdom,' replied the
Egyptian, modestly.  'Which way lies Sallust's mansion?'

'I will show you,' said Clodius, 'if you will suffer me to accompany you
a few steps.  But, pray what has become of the poor girl who was to have
wed the Athenian--the sister of the murdered priest?'

'Alas! well-nigh insane!  Sometimes she utters imprecations on the
murderer--then suddenly stops short--then cries, "But why curse? Oh, my
brother! Glaucus was not thy murderer--never will I believe it!" Then
she begins again, and again stops short, and mutters awfully to herself,
"Yet if it were indeed he?"'

'Unfortunate Ione!'

'But it is well for her that those solemn cares to the dead which
religion enjoins have hitherto greatly absorbed her attention from
Glaucus and herself: and, in the dimness of her senses, she scarcely
seems aware that Glaucus is apprehended and on the eve of trial.  When
the funeral rites due to Apaecides are performed, her apprehension will
return; and then I fear me much that her friends will be revolted by
seeing her run to succour and aid the murderer of her brother!'

'Such scandal should be prevented.'

'I trust I have taken precautions to that effect.  I am her lawful
guardian, and have just succeeded in obtaining permission to escort her,
after the funeral of Apaecides, to my own house; there, please the gods!
she will be secure.'

'You have done well, sage Arbaces.  And, now, yonder is the house of
Sallust.  The gods keep you!  Yet, hark you, Arbaces--why so gloomy and
unsocial?  Men say you can be gay--why not let me initiate you into the
pleasures of Pompeii?--I flatter myself no one knows them better.'

'I thank you, noble Clodius: under your auspices I might venture, I
think, to wear the philyra: but, at my age, I should be an awkward

'Oh, never fear; I have made converts of fellows of seventy.  The rich,
too, are never old.'

'You flatter me.  At some future time I will remind you of your

'You may command Marcus Clodius at all times--and so, vale!'

'Now,' said the Egyptian, soliloquising, 'I am not wantonly a man of
blood; I would willingly save this Greek, if, by confessing the crime,
he will lose himself for ever to Ione, and for ever free me from the
chance of discovery; and I can save him by persuading Julia to own the
philtre, which will be held his excuse.  But if he do not confess the
crime, why, Julia must be shamed from the confession, and he must
die!--die, lest he prove my rival with the living--die, that he may be
my proxy with the dead!  Will he confess?--can he not be persuaded that
in his delirium he struck the blow? To me it would give far greater
safety than even his death.  Hem! we must hazard the experiment.'

Sweeping along the narrow street, Arbaces now approached the house of
Sallust, when he beheld a dark form wrapped in a cloak, and stretched at
length across the threshold of the door.

So still lay the figure, and so dim was its outline, that any other than
Arbaces might have felt a superstitious fear, lest he beheld one of
those grim lemures, who, above all other spots, haunted the threshold of
the homes they formerly possessed.  But not for Arbaces were such

'Rise!' said he, touching the figure with his foot; 'thou obstructest
the way!'

'Ha! who art thou cried the form, in a sharp tone, and as she raised
herself from the ground, the starlight fell full on the pale face and
fixed but sightless eyes of Nydia the Thessalian.  'Who art thou?  I
know the burden of thy voice.'

'Blind girl! what dost thou here at this late hour?  Fie!--is this
seeming thy sex or years?  Home, girl!'

'I know thee,' said Nydia, in a low voice, 'thou art Arbaces the
Egyptian': then, as if inspired by some sudden impulse, she flung
herself at his feet, and clasping his knees, exclaimed, in a wild and
passionate tone, 'Oh dread and potent man! save him--save him! He is not
guilty--it is I!  He lies within, ill-dying, and I--I am the hateful
cause!  And they will not admit me to him--they spurn the blind girl
from the hall.  Oh, heal him! thou knowest some herb--some spell--some
countercharm, for it is a potion that hath wrought this frenzy!

'Hush, child!  I know all!--thou forgettest that I accompanied Julia to
the saga's home.  Doubtless her hand administered the draught; but her
reputation demands thy silence.  Reproach not thyself--what must be,
must: meanwhile, I seek the criminal--he may yet be saved. Away!'

Thus saying, Arbaces extricated himself from the clasp of the despairing
Thessalian, and knocked loudly at the door.

In a few moments the heavy bars were heard suddenly to yield, and the
porter, half opening the door, demanded who was there.

'Arbaces--important business to Sallust relative to Glaucus.  I come
from the praetor.'

The porter, half yawning, half groaning, admitted the tall form of the
Egyptian.  Nydia sprang forward.  'How is he?' she cried; 'tell me--tell

'Ho, mad girl! is it thou still?--for shame!  Why, they say he is

'The gods be praised!--and you will not admit me?  Ah! I beseech

'Admit thee!--no.  A pretty salute I should prepare for these shoulders
were I to admit such things as thou!  Go home!'

The door closed, and Nydia, with a deep sigh, laid herself down once
more on the cold stones; and, wrapping her cloak round her face, resumed
her weary vigil.

Meanwhile Arbaces had already gained the triclinium, where Sallust, with
his favorite freedman, sat late at supper.

'What!  Arbaces! and at this hour!--Accept this cup.'

'Nay, gentle Sallust; it is on business, not pleasure, that I venture to
disturb thee.  How doth thy charge?--they say in the town that he has
recovered sense.'

'Alas! and truly,' replied the good-natured but thoughtless Sallust,
wiping the tear from his eyes; 'but so shattered are his nerves and
frame that I scarcely recognize the brilliant and gay carouser I was
wont to know.  Yet, strange to say, he cannot account for the cause of
the sudden frenzy that seized him--he retains but a dim consciousness of
what hath passed; and, despite thy witness, wise Egyptian, solemnly
upholds his innocence of the death of Apaecides.'

'Sallust,' said Arbaces, gravely, 'there is much in thy friend's case
that merits a peculiar indulgence; and could we learn from his lips the
confession and the cause of his crime, much might be yet hoped from the
mercy of the senate; for the senate, thou knowest, hath the power either
to mitigate or to sharpen the law.  Therefore it is that I have
conferred with the highest authority of the city, and obtained his
permission to hold a private conference this night with the Athenian.
Tomorrow, thou knowest, the trial comes on.'

'Well,' said Sallust, 'thou wilt be worthy of thy Eastern name and fame
if thou canst learn aught from him; but thou mayst try.  Poor
Glaucus!--and he had such an excellent appetite!  He eats nothing now!'

The benevolent epicure was moved sensibly at this thought.  He sighed,
and ordered his slaves to refill his cup.

'Night wanes,' said the Egyptian; 'suffer me to see thy ward now.'

Sallust nodded assent, and led the way to a small chamber, guarded
without by two dozing slaves.  The door opened; at the request of
Arbaces, Sallust withdrew--the Egyptian was alone with Glaucus.

One of those tall and graceful candelabra common to that day, supporting
a single lamp, burned beside the narrow bed.  Its rays fell palely over
the face of the Athenian, and Arbaces was moved to see how sensibly that
countenance had changed.  The rich color was gone, the cheek was sunk,
the lips were convulsed and pallid; fierce had been the struggle between
reason and madness, life and death. The youth, the strength of Glaucus
had conquered; but the freshness of blood and soul--the life of
life--its glory and its zest, were gone for ever.

The Egyptian seated himself quietly beside the bed; Glaucus still lay
mute and unconscious of his presence.  At length, after a considerable
pause, Arbaces thus spoke:

'Glaucus, we have been enemies.  I come to thee alone and in the dead of
night--thy friend, perhaps thy saviour.'

As the steed starts from the path of the tiger, Glaucus sprang up
breathless--alarmed, panting at the abrupt voice, the sudden apparition
of his foe.  Their eyes met, and neither, for some moments, had power to
withdraw his gaze.  The flush went and came over the face of the
Athenian, and the bronzed cheek of the Egyptian grew a shade more pale.
At length, with an inward groan, Glaucus turned away, drew his hand
across his brow, sunk back, and muttered:

'Am I still dreaming?'

'No, Glaucus thou art awake.  By this right hand and my father's head,
thou seest one who may save thy life.  Hark! I know what thou hast done,
but I know also its excuse, of which thou thyself art ignorant.  Thou
hast committed murder, it is true--a sacrilegious murder--frown
not--start not--these eyes saw it.  But I can save thee--I can prove how
thou wert bereaved of sense, and made not a free-thinking and
free-acting man.  But in order to save thee, thou must confess thy crime.
Sign but this paper, acknowledging thy hand in the death of Apaecides,
and thou shalt avoid the fatal urn.'

'What words are these?--Murder and Apaecides!--Did I not see him
stretched on the ground bleeding and a corpse? and wouldst thou persuade
me that I did the deed?  Man, thou liest!  Away!'

'Be not rash--Glaucus, be not hasty; the deed is proved.  Come, come,
thou mayst well be excused for not recalling the act of thy delirium,
and which thy sober senses would have shunned even to contemplate.  But
let me try to refresh thy exhausted and weary memory. Thou knowest thou
wert walking with the priest, disputing about his sister; thou knowest
he was intolerant, and half a Nazarene, and he sought to convert thee,
and ye had hot words; and he calumniated thy mode of life, and swore he
would not marry Ione to thee--and then, in thy wrath and thy frenzy,
thou didst strike the sudden blow. Come, come; you can recollect
this!--read this papyrus, it runs to that effect--sign it, and thou
art saved.'

'Barbarian, give me the written lie, that I may tear it!  I the murderer
of Ione's brother: I confess to have injured one hair of the head of him
she loved!  Let me rather perish a thousand times!'

'Beware!' said Arbaces, in a low and hissing tone; 'there is but one
choice--thy confession and thy signature, or the amphitheatre and the
lion's maw!'

As the Egyptian fixed his eyes upon the sufferer, he hailed with joy the
signs of evident emotion that seized the latter at these words.  A
slight shudder passed over the Athenian's frame--his lip fell--an
expression of sudden fear and wonder betrayed itself in his brow and

'Great gods!' he said, in a low voice, 'what reverse is this?  It seems
but a little day since life laughed out from amidst roses--Ione
mine--youth, health, love, lavishing on me their treasures; and
now--pain, madness, shame, death!  And for what?  What have I done?
Oh, I am mad still?'

'Sign, and be saved!' said the soft, sweet voice of the Egyptian.

'Tempter, never!' cried Glaucus, in the reaction of rage.  'Thou knowest
me not: thou knowest not the haughty soul of an Athenian! The sudden
face of death might appal me for a moment, but the fear is over.
Dishonour appals for ever!  Who will debase his name to save his life?
who exchange clear thoughts for sullen days? who will belie himself to
shame, and stand blackened in the eyes of love?  If to earn a few years
of polluted life there be so base a coward, dream not, dull barbarian of
Egypt! to find him in one who has trod the same sod as Harmodius, and
breathed the same air as Socrates.  Go! leave me to live without
self-reproach--or to perish without fear!'

'Bethink thee well! the lion's fangs: the hoots of the brutal mob: the
vulgar gaze on thy dying agony and mutilated limbs: thy name degraded;
thy corpse unburied; the shame thou wouldst avoid clinging to thee for
aye and ever!'

'Thou ravest; thou art the madman! shame is not in the loss of other
men's esteem--it is in the loss of our own.  Wilt thou go?--my eyes
loathe the sight of thee! hating ever, I despise thee now!'

'I go,' said Arbaces, stung and exasperated, but not without some
pitying admiration of his victim, 'I go; we meet twice again--once at
the Trial, once at the Death!  Farewell!'

The Egyptian rose slowly, gathered his robes about him, and left the
chamber.  He sought Sallust for a moment, whose eyes began to reel with
the vigils of the cup: 'He is still unconscious, or still obstinate;
there is no hope for him.'

'Say not so,' replied Sallust, who felt but little resentment against
the Athenian's accuser, for he possessed no great austerity of virtue,
and was rather moved by his friend's reverses than persuaded of his
innocence--'say not so, my Egyptian! so good a drinker shall be saved if
possible.  Bacchus against Isis!'

'We shall see,' said the Egyptian.

Suddenly the bolts were again withdrawn--the door unclosed; Arbaces was
in the open street; and poor Nydia once more started from her long

'Wilt thou save him?' she cried, clasping her hands.

'Child, follow me home; I would speak to thee--it is for his sake I ask

'And thou wilt save him?'

No answer came forth to the thirsting ear of the blind girl: Arbaces had
already proceeded far up the street; she hesitated a moment, and then
followed his steps in silence.

'I must secure this girl,' said he, musingly, 'lest she give evidence of
the philtre; as to the vain Julia, she will not betray herself.'

Chapter VIII


WHILE Arbaces had been thus employed, Sorrow and Death were in the house
of Ione.  It was the night preceding the morn in which the solemn
funeral rites were to be decreed to the remains of the murdered
Apaecides.  The corpse had been removed from the temple of Isis to the
house of the nearest surviving relative, and Ione had heard, in the same
breath, the death of her brother and the accusation against her
betrothed.  That first violent anguish which blunts the sense to all but
itself, and the forbearing silence of her slaves, had prevented her
learning minutely the circumstances attendant on the fate of her lover.
His illness, his frenzy, and his approaching trial, were unknown to her.
She learned only the accusation against him, and at once indignantly
rejected it; nay, on hearing that Arbaces was the accuser, she required
no more to induce her firmly and solemnly to believe that the Egyptian
himself was the criminal.  But the vast and absorbing importance
attached by the ancients to the performance of every ceremonial
connected with the death of a relation, had, as yet, confined her woe
and her convictions to the chamber of the deceased.  Alas! it was not
for her to perform that tender and touching office, which obliged the
nearest relative to endeavor to catch the last breath--the parting
soul--of the beloved one: but it was hers to close the straining eyes,
the distorted lips: to watch by the consecrated clay, as, fresh bathed
and anointed, it lay in festive robes upon the ivory bed; to strew the
couch with leaves and flowers, and to renew the solemn cypress-branch at
the threshold of the door.  And in these sad offices, in lamentation and
in prayer, Ione forgot herself.  It was among the loveliest customs of
the ancients to bury the young at the morning twilight; for, as they
strove to give the softest interpretation to death, so they poetically
imagined that Aurora, who loved the young, had stolen them to her
embrace; and though in the instance of the murdered priest this fable
could not appropriately cheat the fancy, the general custom was still

The stars were fading one by one from the grey heavens, and night slowly
receding before the approach of morn, when a dark group stood motionless
before Ione's door.  High and slender torches, made paler by the
unmellowed dawn, cast their light over various countenances, hushed for
the moment in one solemn and intent expression.  And now there arose a
slow and dismal music, which accorded sadly with the rite, and floated
far along the desolate and breathless streets; while a chorus of female
voices (the Praeficae so often cited by the Roman poets), accompanying
the Tibicen and the Mysian flute, woke the following strain:

               THE FUNERAL DIRGE

      O'er the sad threshold, where the cypress bough
         Supplants the rose that should adorn thy home,
       On the last pilgrimage on earth that now
         Awaits thee, wanderer to Cocytus, come!
       Darkly we woo, and weeping we invite--
        Death is thy host--his banquet asks thy soul,
       Thy garlands hang within the House of Night,
         And the black stream alone shall fill thy bowl.

      No more for thee the laughter and the song,
         The jocund night--the glory of the day!
       The Argive daughters' at their labours long;
         The hell-bird swooping on its Titan prey--

      The false AEolides upheaving slow,
         O'er the eternal hill, the eternal stone;
       The crowned Lydian, in his parching woe,
         And green Callirrhoe's monster-headed son--

      These shalt thou see, dim shadowed through the dark,
         Which makes the sky of Pluto's dreary shore;
       Lo! where thou stand'st, pale-gazing on the bark,
          That waits our rite to bear thee trembling o'er!
       Come, then! no more delay!--the phantom pines
         Amidst the Unburied for its latest home;
       O'er the grey sky the torch impatient shines--
        Come, mourner, forth!--the lost one bids thee come.

As the hymn died away, the group parted in twain; and placed upon a
couch, spread with a purple pall, the corpse of Apaecides was carried
forth, with the feet foremost.  The designator, or marshal of the sombre
ceremonial, accompanied by his torch-bearers, clad in black, gave the
signal, and the procession moved dreadly on.

First went the musicians, playing a slow march--the solemnity of the
lower instruments broken by many a louder and wilder burst of the
funeral trumpet: next followed the hired mourners, chanting their dirges
to the dead; and the female voices were mingled with those of boys,
whose tender years made still more striking the contrast of life and
death--the fresh leaf and the withered one.  But the players, the
buffoons, the archimimus (whose duty it was to personate the
dead)--these, the customary attendants at ordinary funerals, were
banished from a funeral attended with so many terrible associations.

The priests of Isis came next in their snowy garments, barefooted, and
supporting sheaves of corn; while before the corpse were carried the
images of the deceased and his many Athenian forefathers.  And behind
the bier followed, amidst her women, the sole surviving relative of the
dead--her head bare, her locks disheveled, her face paler than marble,
but composed and still, save ever and anon, as some tender
thought--awakened by the music, flashed upon the dark lethargy of woe,
she covered that countenance with her hands, and sobbed unseen; for hers
were not the noisy sorrow, the shrill lament, the ungoverned gesture,
which characterized those who honored less faithfully.  In that age, as
in all, the channel of deep grief flowed hushed and still.

And so the procession swept on, till it had traversed the streets,
passed the city gate, and gained the Place of Tombs without the wall,
which the traveler yet beholds.

Raised in the form of an altar--of unpolished pine, amidst whose
interstices were placed preparations of combustible matter--stood the
funeral pyre; and around it drooped the dark and gloomy cypresses so
consecrated by song to the tomb.

As soon as the bier was placed upon the pile, the attendants parting on
either side, Ione passed up to the couch, and stood before the
unconscious clay for some moments motionless and silent. The features of
the dead had been composed from the first agonized expression of violent
death.  Hushed for ever the terror and the doubt, the contest of
passion, the awe of religion, the struggle of the past and present, the
hope and the horror of the future!--of all that racked and desolated the
breast of that young aspirant to the Holy of Life, what trace was
visible in the awful serenity of that impenetrable brow and unbreathing
lip?  The sister gazed, and not a sound was heard amidst the crowd;
there was something terrible, yet softening, also, in the silence; and
when it broke, it broke sudden and abrupt--it broke, with a loud and
passionate cry--the vent of long-smothered despair.

'My brother! my brother!' cried the poor orphan, falling upon the couch;
'thou whom the worm on thy path feared not--what enemy couldst thou
provoke? Oh, is it in truth come to this?  Awake! awake! We grew
together!  Are we thus torn asunder?  Thou art not dead--thou sleepest.
Awake! awake!'

The sound of her piercing voice aroused the sympathy of the mourners,
and they broke into loud and rude lament.  This startled, this recalled
Ione; she looked up hastily and confusedly, as if for the first time
sensible of the presence of those around.

'Ah!' she murmured with a shiver, 'we are not then alone!' With that,
after a brief pause, she rose; and her pale and beautiful countenance
was again composed and rigid.  With fond and trembling hands, she
unclosed the lids of the deceased; but when the dull glazed eye, no
longer beaming with love and life, met hers, she shrieked aloud, as if
she had seen a spectre.  Once more recovering herself she kissed again
and again the lids, the lips, the brow; and with mechanic and
unconscious hand, received from the high priest of her brother's temple
the funeral torch.

The sudden burst of music, the sudden song of the mourners announced the
birth of the sanctifying flame.

           HYMN TO THE WIND


       On thy couch of cloud reclined,
        Wake, O soft and sacred Wind!
        Soft and sacred will we name thee,
        Whosoe'er the sire that claim thee--
       Whether old Auster's dusky child,
        Or the loud son of Eurus wild;
        Or his who o'er the darkling deeps,
        From the bleak North, in tempest sweeps;
        Still shalt thou seem as dear to us
        As flowery-crowned Zephyrus,
        When, through twilight's starry dew,
        Trembling, he hastes his nymph to woo.


       Lo! our silver censers swinging,
        Perfumes o'er thy path are flinging--
       Ne'er o'er Tempe's breathless valleys,
        Ne'er o'er Cypria's cedarn alleys,
        Or the Rose-isle's moonlit sea,
        Floated sweets more worthy thee.
        Lo! around our vases sending
        Myrrh and nard with cassia blending:
        Paving air with odorous meet,
        For thy silver-sandall'd feet!


       August and everlasting air!
          The source of all that breathe and be,
        From the mute clay before thee bear
          The seeds it took from thee!
        Aspire, bright Flame! aspire!
          Wild wind!--awake, awake!
        Thine own, O solemn Fire!
          O Air, thine own retake!


       It comes! it comes! Lo! it sweeps,
          The Wind we invoke the while!
        And crackles, and darts, and leaps
          The light on the holy pile!
        It rises! its wings interweave
        With the flames--how they howl and heave!
            Toss'd, whirl'd to and fro,
            How the flame-serpents glow!
            Rushing higher and higher,
            On--on, fearful Fire!
            Thy giant limbs twined
            With the arms of the Wind!
        Lo! the elements meet on the throne
        Of death--to reclaim their own!


       Swing, swing the censer round--
       Tune the strings to a softer sound!
        From the chains of thy earthly toil,
        From the clasp of thy mortal coil,
        From the prison where clay confined thee,
        The hands of the flame unbind thee!
            O Soul! thou art free--all free!
        As the winds in their ceaseless chase,
          When they rush o'er their airy sea,
        Thou mayst speed through the realms of space,
          No fetter is forged for thee!
        Rejoice! o'er the sluggard tide
        Of the Styx thy bark can glide,
        And thy steps evermore shall rove
        Through the glades of the happy grove;
        Where, far from the loath'd Cocytus,
        The loved and the lost invite us.
        Thou art slave to the earth no more!
          O soul, thou art freed!--and we?--
       Ah! when shall our toil be o'er?
          Ah! when shall we rest with thee?

And now high and far into the dawning skies broke the fragrant fire; it
flushed luminously across the gloomy cypresses--it shot above the
massive walls of the neighboring city; and the early fisherman started
to behold the blaze reddening on the waves of the creeping sea.

But Ione sat down apart and alone, and, leaning her face upon her hands,
saw not the flame, nor heard the lamentation of the music: she felt only
one sense of loneliness--she had not yet arrived to that hallowing sense
of comfort, when we know that we are not alone--that the dead are with

The breeze rapidly aided the effect of the combustibles placed within
the pile.  By degrees the flame wavered, lowered, dimmed, and slowly, by
fits and unequal starts, died away--emblem of life itself; where, just
before, all was restlessness and flame, now lay the dull and smouldering

The last sparks were extinguished by the attendants--the embers were
collected.  Steeped in the rarest wine and the costliest odorous, the
remains were placed in a silver urn, which was solemnly stored in one of
the neighboring sepulchres beside the road; and they placed within it
the vial full of tears, and the small coin which poetry still
consecrated to the grim boatman.  And the sepulchre was covered with
flowers and chaplets, and incense kindled on the altar, and the tomb
hung round with many lamps.

But the next day, when the priest returned with fresh offerings to the
tomb, he found that to the relics of heathen superstition some unknown
hands had added a green palm-branch.  He suffered it to remain,
unknowing that it was the sepulchral emblem of Christianity.

When the above ceremonies were over, one of the Praeficae three times
sprinkled the mourners from the purifying branch of laurel, uttering the
last word, 'Ilicet!'--Depart!--and the rite was done.

But first they paused to utter--weepingly and many times--the affecting
farewell, 'Salve Eternum!' And as Ione yet lingered, they woke the
parting strain.

            SALVE ETERNUM


       Farewell! O soul departed!
          Farewell! O sacred urn!
        Bereaved and broken-hearted,
          To earth the mourners turn.
        To the dim and dreary shore,
        Thou art gone our steps before!
        But thither the swift Hours lead us,
        And thou dost but a while precede us,
        Loved urn, and thou solemn cell,
        Mute ashes!--farewell, farewell!


         Ilicet--ire licet--
       Ah, vainly would we part!
        Thy tomb is the faithful heart.
        About evermore we bear thee;
        For who from the heart can tear thee?
        Vainly we sprinkle o'er us
          The drops of the cleansing stream;
        And vainly bright before us
          The lustral fire shall beam.
        For where is the charm expelling
        Thy thought from its sacred dwelling?
        Our griefs are thy funeral feast,
        And Memory thy mourning priest.


         Ilicet--ire licet!
        The spark from the hearth is gone
          Wherever the air shall bear it;
        The elements take their own--
         The shadows receive thy spirit.
        It will soothe thee to feel our grief,
          As thou glid'st by the Gloomy River!
        If love may in life be brief,
          In death it is fixed for ever.
        In the hall which our feasts illume,
        The rose for an hour may bloom;
        But the cypress that decks the tomb--
       The cypress is green for ever!

Chapter IX


WHILE some stayed behind to share with the priests the funeral banquet,
Ione and her handmaids took homeward their melancholy way. And now (the
last duties to her brother performed) her mind awoke from its
absorption, and she thought of her allianced, and the dread charge
against him.  Not--as we have before said--attaching even a momentary
belief to the unnatural accusation, but nursing the darkest suspicion
against Arbaces, she felt that justice to her lover and to her murdered
relative demanded her to seek the praetor, and communicate her
impression, unsupported as it might be.  Questioning her maidens, who
had hitherto--kindly anxious, as I have said, to save her the additional
agony--refrained from informing her of the state of Glaucus, she learned
that he had been dangerously ill: that he was in custody, under the roof
of Sallust; that the day of his trial was appointed.

'Averting gods,' she exclaimed; 'and have I been so long forgetful of
him? Have I seemed to shun him?  O! let me hasten to do him justice--to
show that I, the nearest relative of the dead, believe him innocent of
the charge. Quick! quick! let us fly.  Let me soothe--tend--cheer him!
and if they will not believe me; if they will not lead to my conviction;
if they sentence him to exile or to death, let me share the sentence
with him!'

Instinctively she hastened her pace, confused and bewildered, scarce
knowing whither she went; now designing first to seek the praetor, and
now to rush to the chamber of Glaucus.  She hurried on--she passed the
gate of the city--she was in the long street leading up the town.  The
houses were opened, but none were yet astir in the streets; the life of
the city was scarce awake--when lo! she came suddenly upon a small knot
of men standing beside a covered litter. A tall figure stepped from the
midst of them, and Ione shrieked aloud to behold Arbaces.

'Fair Ione!' said he, gently, and appearing not to heed her alarm: 'my
ward, my pupil! forgive me if I disturb thy pious sorrows; but the
praetor, solicitous of thy honour, and anxious that thou mayest not
rashly be implicated in the coming trial; knowing the strange
embarrassment of thy state (seeking justice for thy brother, but
dreading punishment to thy betrothed)--sympathizing, too, with thy
unprotected and friendless condition, and deeming it harsh that thou
shouldst be suffered to act unguided and mourn alone--hath wisely and
paternally confided thee to the care of thy lawful guardian. Behold the
writing which intrusts thee to my charge!'

'Dark Egyptian!' cried Ione, drawing herself proudly aside; 'begone!  It
is thou that hast slain my brother!  Is it to thy care, thy hands yet
reeking with his blood, that they will give the sister Ha! thou turnest
pale! thy conscience smites thee! thou tremblest at the thunderbolt of
the avenging god!  Pass on, and leave me to my woe!'

'Thy sorrows unstring thy reason, Ione,' said Arbaces, attempting in
vain his usual calmness of tone.  'I forgive thee.  Thou wilt find me
now, as ever, thy surest friend.  But the public streets are not the
fitting place for us to confer--for me to console thee. Approach,
slaves!  Come, my sweet charge, the litter awaits thee.'

The amazed and terrified attendants gathered round Ione, and clung to
her knees.

'Arbaces,' said the eldest of the maidens, 'this is surely not the law!
For nine days after the funeral, is it not written that the relatives of
the deceased shall not be molested in their homes, or interrupted in
their solitary grief?'

'Woman!' returned Arbaces, imperiously waving his hand, 'to place a ward
under the roof of her guardian is not against the funeral laws.  I tell
thee I have the fiat of the praetor.  This delay is indecorous.  Place
her in the litter.'

So saying, he threw his arm firmly round the shrinking form of Ione.
She drew back, gazed earnestly in his face, and then burst into
hysterical laughter:

'Ha, ha! this is well--well!  Excellent guardian--paternal law!  Ha,
ha!' And, startled herself at the dread echo of that shrill and maddened
laughter, she sunk, as it died away, lifeless upon the ground...  A
minute more, and Arbaces had lifted her into the litter. The bearers
moved swiftly on, and the unfortunate Ione was soon borne from the sight
of her weeping handmaids.

Chapter X


IT will be remembered that, at the command of Arbaces, Nydia followed
the Egyptian to his home, and conversing there with her, he learned from
the confession of her despair and remorse, that her hand, and not
Julia's, had administered to Glaucus the fatal potion.  At another time
the Egyptian might have conceived a philosophical interest in sounding
the depths and origin of the strange and absorbing passion which, in
blindness and in slavery, this singular girl had dared to cherish; but
at present he spared no thought from himself.  As, after her confession,
the poor Nydia threw herself on her knees before him, and besought him
to restore the health and save the life of Glaucus--for in her youth and
ignorance she imagined the dark magician all-powerful to effect
both--Arbaces, with unheeding ears, was noting only the new expediency of
detaining Nydia a prisoner until the trial and fate of Glaucus were
decided.  For if, when he judged her merely the accomplice of Julia in
obtaining the philtre, he had felt it was dangerous to the full success
of his vengeance to allow her to be at large--to appear, perhaps, as a
witness--to avow the manner in which the sense of Glaucus had been
darkened, and thus win indulgence to the crime of which he was
accused--how much more was she likely to volunteer her testimony when
she herself had administered the draught, and, inspired by love, would
be only anxious, at any expense of shame, to retrieve her error and
preserve her beloved?  Besides, how unworthy of the rank and repute of
Arbaces to be implicated in the disgrace of pandering to the passion of
Julia, and assisting in the unholy rites of the Saga of Vesuvius!
Nothing less, indeed, than his desire to induce Glaucus to own the
murder of Apaecides, as a policy evidently the best both for his own
permanent safety and his successful suit with Ione, could ever have led
him to contemplate the confession of Julia.

As for Nydia, who was necessarily cut off by her blindness from much of
the knowledge of active life, and who, a slave and a stranger, was
naturally ignorant of the perils of the Roman law, she thought rather of
the illness and delirium of her Athenian, than the crime of which she
had vaguely heard him accused, or the chances of the impending trial.
Poor wretch that she was, whom none addressed, none cared for, what did
she know of the senate and the sentence--the hazard of the law--the
ferocity of the people--the arena and the lion's den?  She was
accustomed only to associate with the thought of Glaucus everything that
was prosperous and lofty--she could not imagine that any peril, save
from the madness of her love, could menace that sacred head.  He seemed
to her set apart for the blessings of life.  She only had disturbed the
current of his felicity; she knew not, she dreamed not that the stream,
once so bright, was dashing on to darkness and to death.  It was
therefore to restore the brain that she had marred, to save the life
that she had endangered that she implored the assistance of the great

'Daughter,' said Arbaces, waking from his reverie, 'thou must rest here;
it is not meet for thee to wander along the streets, and be spurned from
the threshold by the rude feet of slaves.  I have compassion on thy soft
crime--I will do all to remedy it.  Wait here patiently for some days,
and Glaucus shall be restored.' So saying, and without waiting for her
reply, he hastened from the room, drew the bolt across the door, and
consigned the care and wants of his prisoner to the slave who had the
charge of that part of the mansion.

Alone, then, and musingly, he waited the morning light, and with it
repaired, as we have seen, to possess himself of the person of Ione.

His primary object, with respect to the unfortunate Neapolitan, was that
which he had really stated to Clodius, viz., to prevent her interesting
herself actively in the trial of Glaucus, and also to guard against her
accusing him (which she would, doubtless, have done) of his former act
of perfidy and violence towards her, his ward--denouncing his causes for
vengeance against Glaucus--unveiling the hypocrisy of his character--and
casting any doubt upon his veracity in the charge which he had made
against the Athenian.  Not till he had encountered her that morning--not
till he had heard her loud denunciations--was he aware that he had also
another danger to apprehend in her suspicion of his crime.  He hugged
himself now at the thought that these ends were effected: that one, at
once the object of his passion and his fear, was in his power.  He
believed more than ever the flattering promises of the stars; and when
he sought Ione in that chamber in the inmost recesses of his mysterious
mansion to which he had consigned her--when he found her overpowered by
blow upon blow, and passing from fit to fit, from violence to torpor, in
all the alternations of hysterical disease--he thought more of the
loveliness which no frenzy could distort than of the woe which he had
brought upon her.  In that sanguine vanity common to men who through
life have been invariably successful, whether in fortune or love, he
flattered himself that when Glaucus had perished--when his name was
solemnly blackened by the award of a legal judgment, his title to her
love for ever forfeited by condemnation to death for the murder of her
own brother--her affection would be changed to horror; and that his
tenderness and his passion, assisted by all the arts with which he well
knew how to dazzle woman's imagination, might elect him to that throne
in her heart from which his rival would be so awfully expelled.  This
was his hope: but should it fail, his unholy and fervid passion
whispered, 'At the worst, now she is in my power.'

Yet, withal, he felt that uneasiness and apprehension which attended
upon the chance of detection, even when the criminal is insensible to
the voice of conscience--that vague terror of the consequences of crime,
which is often mistaken for remorse at the crime itself.  The buoyant
air of Campania weighed heavily upon his breast; he longed to hurry from
a scene where danger might not sleep eternally with the dead; and,
having Ione now in his possession, he secretly resolved, as soon as he
had witnessed the last agony of his rival, to transport his wealth--and
her, the costliest treasure of all, to some distant shore.

'Yes,' said he, striding to and fro his solitary chamber--'yes, the law
that gave me the person of my ward gives me the possession of my bride.
Far across the broad main will we sweep on our search after novel
luxuries and inexperienced pleasures.  Cheered by my stars, supported by
the omens of my soul, we will penetrate to those vast and glorious
worlds which my wisdom tells me lie yet untracked in the recesses of the
circling sea.  There may this heart, possessed of love, grow once more
alive to ambition--there, amongst nations uncrushed by the Roman yoke,
and to whose ear the name of Rome has not yet been wafted, I may found
an empire, and transplant my ancestral creed; renewing the ashes of the
dead Theban rule; continuing in yet grander shores the dynasty of my
crowned fathers, and waking in the noble heart of Ione the grateful
consciousness that she shares the lot of one who, far from the aged
rottenness of this slavish civilization, restores the primal elements of
greatness, and unites in one mighty soul the attributes of the prophet
and the king.' From this exultant soliloquy, Arbaces was awakened to
attend the trial of the Athenian.

The worn and pallid cheek of his victim touched him less than the
firmness of his nerves and the dauntlessness of his brow; for Arbaces
was one who had little pity for what was unfortunate, but a strong
sympathy for what was bold.  The congenialities that bind us to others
ever assimilate to the qualities of our own nature.  The hero weeps less
at the reverses of his enemy than at the fortitude with which he bears
them.  All of us are human, and Arbaces, criminal as he was, had his
share of our common feelings and our mother clay. Had he but obtained
from Glaucus the written confession of his crime, which would, better
than even the judgment of others, have lost him with Ione, and removed
from Arbaces the chance of future detection, the Egyptian would have
strained every nerve to save his rival.  Even now his hatred was
over--his desire of revenge was slaked: he crushed his prey, not in
enmity, but as an obstacle in his path. Yet was he not the less
resolved, the less crafty and persevering, in the course he pursued, for
the destruction of one whose doom was become necessary to the attainment
of his objects: and while, with apparent reluctance and compassion, he
gave against Glaucus the evidence which condemned him, he secretly, and
through the medium of the priesthood, fomented that popular indignation
which made an effectual obstacle to the pity of the senate.  He had
sought Julia; he had detailed to her the confession of Nydia; he had
easily, therefore, lulled any scruple of conscience which might have led
her to extenuate the offence of Glaucus by avowing her share in his
frenzy: and the more readily, for her vain heart had loved the fame and
the prosperity of Glaucus--not Glaucus himself, she felt no affection
for a disgraced man--nay, she almost rejoiced in the disgrace that
humbled the hated Ione.  If Glaucus could not be her slave, neither
could he be the adorer of her rival.  This was sufficient consolation
for any regret at his fate.  Volatile and fickle, she began again to be
moved by the sudden and earnest suit of Clodius, and was not willing to
hazard the loss of an alliance with that base but high-born noble by any
public exposure of her past weakness and immodest passion for another.
All things then smiled upon Arbaces--all things frowned upon the

Chapter XI


WHEN the Thessalian found that Arbaces returned to her no more--when she
was left, hour after hour, to all the torture of that miserable suspense
which was rendered by blindness doubly intolerable, she began, with
outstretched arms, to feel around her prison for some channel of escape;
and finding the only entrance secure, she called aloud, and with the
vehemence of a temper naturally violent, and now sharpened by impatient

'Ho, girl!' said the slave in attendance, opening the door; art thou bit
by a scorpion? or thinkest thou that we are dying of silence here, and
only to be preserved, like the infant Jupiter, by a hullabaloo?'

'Where is thy master? and wherefore am I caged here?  I want air and
liberty: let me go forth!'

'Alas! little one, hast thou not seen enough of Arbaces to know that his
will is imperial!  He hath ordered thee to be caged; and caged thou art,
and I am thy keeper.  Thou canst not have air and liberty; but thou
mayst have what are much better things--food and wine.'

'Proh Jupiter!' cried the girl, wringing her hands; 'and why am I thus
imprisoned?  What can the great Arbaces want with so poor a thing as I

'That I know not, unless it be to attend on thy new mistress, who has
been brought hither this day.'

'What! Ione here?'

'Yes, poor lady; she liked it little, I fear.  Yet, by the Temple of
Castor! Arbaces is a gallant man to the women.  Thy lady is his ward,
thou knowest.'

'Wilt thou take me to her?'

'She is ill--frantic with rage and spite.  Besides, I have no orders to
do so; and I never think for myself.  When Arbaces made me slave of
these chambers, he said, "I have but one lesson to give thee--while thou
servest me, thou must have neither ears, eyes, nor thought; thou must be
but one quality--obedience."'

'But what harm is there in seeing Ione?'

'That I know not; but if thou wantest a companion, I am willing to talk
to thee, little one, for I am solitary enough in my dull cubiculum.
And, by the way, thou art Thessalian--knowest thou not some cunning
amusement of knife and shears, some pretty trick of telling fortunes, as
most of thy race do, in order to pass the time.'

'Tush, slave, hold thy peace! or, if thou wilt speak, what hast thou
heard of the state of Glaucus?'

'Why, my master has gone to the Athenian's trial; Glaucus will smart for

'For what?'

'The murder of the priest Apaecides.'

'Ha!' said Nydia, pressing her hands to her forehead; 'something of this
I have indeed heard, but understand not.  Yet, who will dare to touch a
hair of his head?'

'That will the lion, I fear.'

'Averting gods! what wickedness dost thou utter?'

'Why, only that, if he be found guilty, the lion, or may be the tiger,
will be his executioner.'

Nydia leaped up, as if an arrow had entered her heart; she uttered a
piercing scream; then, falling before the feet of the slave, she cried,
in a tone that melted even his rude heart:

'Ah! tell me thou jestest--thou utterest not the truth--speak, speak!'

'Why, by my faith, blind girl, I know nothing of the law; it may not be
so bad as I say.  But Arbaces is his accuser, and the people desire a
victim for the arena.  Cheer thee! But what hath the fate of the
Athenian to do with thine?'

'No matter, no matter--he has been kind to me: thou knowest not, then,
what they will do?  Arbaces his accuser!  O fate!  The people--the
people!  Ah! they can look upon his face--who will be cruel to the
Athenian!--Yet was not Love itself cruel to him?'

So saying, her head drooped upon her bosom: she sunk into silence;
scalding tears flowed down her cheeks; and all the kindly efforts of the
slave were unable either to console her or distract the absorption of
her reverie.

When his household cares obliged the ministrant to leave her room, Nydia
began to re-collect her thoughts.  Arbaces was the accuser of Glaucus;
Arbaces had imprisoned her here; was not that a proof that her liberty
might be serviceable to Glaucus?  Yes, she was evidently inveigled into
some snare; she was contributing to the destruction of her beloved!  Oh,
how she panted for release!  Fortunately, for her sufferings, all sense
of pain became merged in the desire of escape; and as she began to
revolve the possibility of deliverance, she grew calm and thoughtful.
She possessed much of the craft of her sex, and it had been increased in
her breast by her early servitude.  What slave was ever destitute of
cunning?  She resolved to practise upon her keeper; and calling suddenly
to mind his superstitious query as to her Thessalian art, she hoped by
that handle to work out some method of release.  These doubts occupied
her mind during the rest of the day and the long hours of night; and,
accordingly, when Sosia visited her the following morning, she hastened
to divert his garrulity into that channel in which it had before evinced
a natural disposition to flow.

She was aware, however, that her only chance of escape was at night; and
accordingly she was obliged with a bitter pang at the delay to defer
till then her purposed attempt.

'The night,' said she, 'is the sole time in which we can well decipher
the decrees of Fate--then it is thou must seek me.  But what desirest
thou to learn?'

'By Pollux! I should like to know as much as my master; but that is not
to be expected.  Let me know, at least, whether I shall save enough to
purchase my freedom, or whether this Egyptian will give it me for
nothing.  He does such generous things sometimes.  Next, supposing that
be true, shall I possess myself of that snug taberna among the
Myropolia, which I have long had in my eye?  'Tis a genteel trade that
of a perfumer, and suits a retired slave who has something of a
gentleman about him!'

'Ay! so you would have precise answers to those questions?--there are
various ways of satisfying you.  There is the Lithomanteia, or
Speaking-stone, which answers your prayer with an infant's voice; but,
then, we have not that precious stone with us--costly is it and rare.
Then there is the Gastromanteia, whereby the demon casts pale and deadly
images upon the water, prophetic of the future.  But this art requires
also glasses of a peculiar fashion, to contain the consecrated liquid,
which we have not.  I think, therefore, that the simplest method of
satisfying your desire would be by the Magic of Air.'

'I trust,' said Sosia, tremulously, 'that there is nothing very
frightful in the operation?  I have no love for apparitions.'

'Fear not; thou wilt see nothing; thou wilt only hear by the bubbling of
water whether or not thy suit prospers.  First, then, be sure, from the
rising of the evening star, that thou leavest the garden-gate somewhat
open, so that the demon may feel himself invited to enter therein; and
place fruits and water near the gate as a sign of hospitality; then,
three hours after twilight, come here with a bowl of the coldest and
purest water, and thou shalt learn all, according to the Thessalian lore
my mother taught me. But forget not the garden-gate--all rests upon
that: it must be open when you come, and for three hours previously.'

'Trust me,' replied the unsuspecting Sosia; 'I know what a gentleman's
feelings are when a door is shut in his face, as the cookshop's hath
been in mine many a day; and I know, also, that a person of
respectability, as a demon of course is, cannot but be pleased, on the
other hand, with any little mark of courteous hospitality.  Meanwhile,
pretty one, here is thy morning's meal.'

'But what of the trial?'

'Oh, the lawyers are still at it--talk, talk--it will last over all

'To-morrow?  You are sure of that?'

'So I hear.'

'And Ione?'

'By Bacchus! she must be tolerably well, for she was strong enough to
make my master stamp and bite his lip this morning.  I saw him quit her
apartment with a brow like a thunderstorm.'

'Lodges she near this?'

'No--in the upper apartments.  But I must not stay prating here longer.

Chapter XII


THE second night of the trial had set in; and it was nearly the time in
which Sosia was to brave the dread Unknown, when there entered, at that
very garden-gate which the slave had left ajar--not, indeed, one of the
mysterious spirits of earth or air, but the heavy and most human form of
Calenus, the priest of Isis.  He scarcely noted the humble offerings of
indifferent fruit, and still more indifferent wine, which the pious
Sosia had deemed good enough for the invisible stranger they were
intended to allure.  'Some tribute,' thought he, 'to the garden god.  By
my father's head! if his deityship were never better served, he would do
well to give up the godly profession.  Ah! were it not for us priests,
the gods would have a sad time of it.  And now for Arbaces--I am
treading a quicksand, but it ought to cover a mine.  I have the
Egyptian's life in my power--what will he value it at?'

As he thus soliloquised, he crossed through the open court into the
peristyle, where a few lamps here and there broke upon the empire of the
starlit night; and issuing from one of the chambers that bordered the
colonnade, suddenly encountered Arbaces.

'Ho! Calenus--seekest thou me?' said the Egyptian; and there was a
little embarrassment in his voice.

'Yes, wise Arbaces--I trust my visit is not unseasonable?'

'Nay--it was but this instant that my freedman Callias sneezed thrice at
my right hand; I knew, therefore, some good fortune was in store for
me--and, lo! the gods have sent me Calenus.'

'Shall we within to your chamber, Arbaces?'

'As you will; but the night is clear and balmy--I have some remains of
languor yet lingering on me from my recent illness--the air refreshes
me--let us walk in the garden--we are equally alone there.'

'With all my heart,' answered the priest; and the two friends passed
slowly to one of the many terraces which, bordered by marble vases and
sleeping flowers, intersected the garden.

'It is a lovely night,' said Arbaces--'blue and beautiful as that on
which, twenty years ago, the shores of Italy first broke upon my view.
My Calenus, age creeps upon us--let us, at least, feel that we have

'Thou, at least, mayst arrogate that boast,' said Calenus, beating
about, as it were, for an opportunity to communicate the secret which
weighed upon him, and feeling his usual awe of Arbaces still more
impressively that night, from the quiet and friendly tone of dignified
condescension which the Egyptian assumed--'Thou, at least, mayst
arrogate that boast.  Thou hast had countless wealth--a frame on whose
close-woven fibres disease can find no space to enter--prosperous
love--inexhaustible pleasure--and, even at this hour, triumphant

'Thou alludest to the Athenian.  Ay, to-morrow's sun the fiat of his
death will go forth.  The senate does not relent.  But thou mistakest:
his death gives me no other gratification than that it releases me from
a rival in the affections of Ione.  I entertain no other sentiment of
animosity against that unfortunate homicide.'

'Homicide!' repeated Calenus, slowly and meaningly; and, halting as he
spoke, he fixed his eyes upon Arbaces.  The stars shone pale and
steadily on the proud face of their prophet, but they betrayed there no
change: the eyes of Calenus fell disappointed and abashed.  He continued
rapidly--'Homicide! it is well to charge him with that crime; but thou,
of all men, knowest that he is innocent.'

'Explain thyself,' said Arbaces, coldly; for he had prepared himself for
the hint his secret fears had foretold.

'Arbaces,' answered Calenus, sinking his voice into a whisper, 'I was in
the sacred grove, sheltered by the chapel and the surrounding foliage.
I overheard--I marked the whole.  I saw thy weapon pierce the heart of
Apaecides.  I blame not the deed--it destroyed a foe and an apostate.'

'Thou sawest the whole!' said Arbaces, dryly; 'so I imagined--thou wert

'Alone!' returned Calenus, surprised at the Egyptian's calmness.

'And wherefore wert thou hid behind the chapel at that hour?'

'Because I had learned the conversion of Apaecides to the Christian
faith--because I knew that on that spot he was to meet the fierce
Olinthus--because they were to meet there to discuss plans for unveiling
the sacred mysteries of our goddess to the people--and I was there to
detect, in order to defeat them.'

'Hast thou told living ear what thou didst witness?'

'No, my master: the secret is locked in thy servant's breast.'

'What! even thy kinsman Burbo guesses it not!  Come, the truth!'

'By the gods...'

'Hush! we know each other--what are the gods to us?'

'By the fear of thy vengeance, then--no!'

'And why hast thou hitherto concealed from me this secret?  Why hast
thou waited till the eve of the Athenian's condemnation before thou hast
ventured to tell me that Arbaces is a murderer?  And having tarried so
long, why revealest thou now that knowledge?'

'Because--because...' stammered Calenus, coloring and in confusion.

'Because,' interrupted Arbaces, with a gentle smile, and tapping the
priest on the shoulder with a kindly and familiar gesture--'because,
my Calenus (see now, I will read thy heart, and explain its
motives)--because thou didst wish thoroughly to commit and entangle me
in the trial, so that I might have no loophole of escape; that I might
stand firmly pledged to perjury and to malice, as well as to homicide;
that having myself whetted the appetite of the populace to blood, no
wealth, no power, could prevent my becoming their victim: and thou
tellest me thy secret now, ere the trial be over and the innocent
condemned, to show what a desperate web of villainy thy word to-morrow
could destroy; to enhance in this, the ninth hour, the price of thy
forbearance; to show that my own arts, in arousing the popular wrath,
would, at thy witness, recoil upon myself; and that if not for Glaucus,
for me would gape the jaws of the lion! Is it not so?'

'Arbaces, replied Calenus, losing all the vulgar audacity of his natural
character, 'verily thou art a Magician; thou readest the heart as it
were a scroll.'

'It is my vocation,' answered the Egyptian, laughing gently. 'Well,
then, forbear; and when all is over, I will make thee rich.'

'Pardon me,' said the priest, as the quick suggestion of that avarice,
which was his master-passion, bade him trust no future chance of
generosity; 'pardon me; thou saidst right--we know each other.  If thou
wouldst have me silent, thou must pay something in advance, as an offer
to Harpocrates.' If the rose, sweet emblem of discretion, is to take
root firmly, water her this night with a stream of gold.'

'Witty and poetical!' answered Arbaces, still in that bland voice which
lulled and encouraged, when it ought to have alarmed and checked, his
griping comrade.  'Wilt thou not wait the morrow?'

'Why this delay?  Perhaps, when I can no longer give my testimony
without shame for not having given it ere the innocent man suffered,
thou wilt forget my claim; and, indeed, thy present hesitation is a bad
omen of thy future gratitude.'

'Well, then, Calenus, what wouldst thou have me pay thee?'

'Thy life is, very precious, and thy wealth is very great,' returned the
priest, grinning.

'Wittier and more witty.  But speak out--what shall be the sum?'

'Arbaces, I have heard that in thy secret treasury below, beneath those
rude Oscan arches which prop thy stately halls, thou hast piles of gold,
of vases, and of jewels, which might rival the receptacles of the wealth
of the deified Nero.  Thou mayst easily spare out of those piles enough
to make Calenus among the richest priests of Pompeii, and yet not miss
the loss.'

'Come, Calenus,' said Arbaces, winningly, and with a frank and generous
air, 'thou art an old friend, and hast been a faithful servant.  Thou
canst have no wish to take away my life, nor I a desire to stint thy
reward: thou shalt descend with me to that treasury thou referrest to,
thou shalt feast thine eyes with the blaze of uncounted gold and the
sparkle of priceless gems; and thou shalt for thy own reward, bear away
with thee this night as much as thou canst conceal beneath thy robes.
Nay, when thou hast once seen what thy friend possesses, thou wilt learn
how foolish it would be to injure one who has so much to bestow.  When
Glaucus is no more, thou shalt pay the treasury another visit.  Speak I
frankly and as a friend?'

'Oh, greatest, best of men!' cried Calenus, almost weeping with joy,
'canst thou thus forgive my injurious doubts of thy justice, thy

'Hush! one other turn and we will descend to the Oscan arches.'

Chapter XIII


IMPATIENTLY Nydia awaited the arrival of the no less anxious Sosia.
Fortifying his courage by plentiful potations of a better liquor than
that provided for the demon, the credulous ministrant stole into the
blind girl's chamber.

'Well, Sosia, and art thou prepared?  Hast thou the bowl of pure water?'

'Verily, yes: but I tremble a little.  You are sure I shall not see the
demon?  I have heard that those gentlemen are by no means of a handsome
person or a civil demeanor.'

'Be assured!  And hast thou left the garden-gate gently open?'

'Yes; and placed some beautiful nuts and apples on a little table close

'That's well.  And the gate is open now, so that the demon may pass
through it?'

'Surely it is.'

'Well, then, open this door; there--leave it just ajar.  And now, Sosia,
give me the lamp.'

'What, you will not extinguish it?'

'No; but I must breathe my spell over its ray.  There is a spirit in
fire. Seat thyself.'

The slave obeyed; and Nydia, after bending for some moments silently
over the lamp, rose, and in a low voice chanted the following rude:--


       Loved alike by Air and Water
        Aye must be Thessalia's daughter;
        To us, Olympian hearts, are given
        Spells that draw the moon from heaven.
          All that Egypt's learning wrought--
        All that Persia's Magian taught--
       Won from song, or wrung from flowers,
        Or whisper'd low by fiend--are ours.

       Spectre of the viewless air!
        Hear the blind Thessalian's prayer!
        By Erictho's art, that shed
        Dews of life when life was fled--
       By lone Ithaca's wise king,

        Who could wake the crystal spring
        To the voice of prophecy?
        By the lost Eurydice,
        Summon'd from the shadowy throng,
        As the muse-son's magic song--
       By the Colchian's awful charms,
        When fair-haired Jason left her arms--

       Spectre of the airy halls,
        One who owns thee duly calls!
        Breathe along the brimming bowl,
        And instruct the fearful soul
        In the shadowy things that lie
        Dark in dim futurity.
        Come, wild demon of the air,
        Answer to thy votary's prayer!
          Come! oh, come!

       And no god on heaven or earth--
       Not the Paphian Queen of Mirth,
        Not the vivid Lord of Light,
        Nor the triple Maid of Night,
        Nor the Thunderer's self shall be
        Blest and honour'd more than thee!
          Come! oh, come!

'The spectre is certainly coming,' said Sosia.  'I feel him running
along my hair!'

'Place thy bowl of water on the ground.  Now, then, give me thy napkin,
and let me fold up thy face and eyes.'

'Ay! that's always the custom with these charms.  Not so tight, though:

'There--thou canst not see?'

'See, by Jupiter!  No!  nothing but darkness.'

'Address, then, to the spectre whatever question thou wouldst ask him,
in a low-whispered voice, three times.  If thy question is answered in
the affirmative, thou wilt hear the water ferment and bubble before the
demon breathes upon it; if in the negative, the water will be quite

'But you will not play any trick with the water, eh?'

'Let me place the bowl under thy feet--so.  Now thou wilt perceive that
I cannot touch it without thy knowledge.'

'Very fair.  Now, then, O Bacchus! befriend me.  Thou knowest that I
have always loved thee better than all the other gods, and I will
dedicate to thee that silver cup I stole last year from the burly
carptor (butler), if thou wilt but befriend me with this water-loving
demon.  And thou, O Spirit! listen and hear me.  Shall I be enabled to
purchase my freedom next year? Thou knowest; for, as thou livest in the
air, the birds have doubtless acquainted thee with every secret of this
house,--thou knowest that I have filched and pilfered all that I
honestly--that is, safely--could lay finger upon for the last three
years, and I yet want two thousand sesterces of the full sum.  Shall I
be able, O good Spirit! to make up the deficiency in the course of this
year?  Speak--Ha! does the water bubble?  No; all is as still as a
tomb.--Well, then, if not this year, in two years?--Ah! I hear
something; the demon is scratching at the door; he'll be here
presently.--In two years, my good fellow: come now, two; that's a very
reasonable time. What! dumb still!  Two years and a half--three--four?
ill fortune to you, friend demon!  You are not a lady, that's clear, or
you would not keep silence so long.  Five--six--sixty years? and may
Pluto seize you!  I'll ask no more.' And Sosia, in a rage, kicked down
the water over his legs.  He then, after much fumbling and more cursing,
managed to extricate his head from the napkin in which it was completely
folded--stared round--and discovered that he was in the dark.

'What, ho! Nydia; the lamp is gone.  Ah, traitress; and thou art gone
too; but I'll catch thee--thou shalt smart for this!' The slave groped
his way to the door; it was bolted from without: he was a prisoner
instead of Nydia. What could he do?  He did not dare to knock loud--to
call out--lest Arbaces should overhear him, and discover how he had been
duped; and Nydia, meanwhile, had probably already gained the
garden-gate, and was fast on her escape.

'But,' thought he, 'she will go home, or, at least, be somewhere in the
city.  To-morrow, at dawn, when the slaves are at work in the peristyle,
I can make myself heard; then I can go forth and seek her.  I shall be
sure to find and bring her back, before Arbaces knows a word of the
matter.  Ah! that's the best plan.  Little traitress, my fingers itch at
thee: and to leave only a bowl of water, too!  Had it been wine, it
would have been some comfort.'

While Sosia, thus entrapped, was lamenting his fate, and revolving his
schemes to repossess himself of Nydia, the blind girl, with that
singular precision and dexterous rapidity of motion, which, we have
before observed, was peculiar to her, had passed lightly along the
peristyle, threaded the opposite passage that led into the garden, and,
with a beating heart, was about to proceed towards the gate, when she
suddenly heard the sound of approaching steps, and distinguished the
dreaded voice of Arbaces himself. She paused for a moment in doubt and
terror; then suddenly it flashed across her recollection that there was
another passage which was little used except for the admission of the
fair partakers of the Egyptian's secret revels, and which wound along
the basement of that massive fabric towards a door which also
communicated with the garden.  By good fortune it might be open.  At
that thought, she hastily retraced her steps, descended the narrow
stairs at the right, and was soon at the entrance of the passage.  Alas!
the door at the entrance was closed and secured. While she was yet
assuring herself that it was indeed locked, she heard behind her the
voice of Calenus, and, a moment after, that of Arbaces in low reply.
She could not stay there; they were probably passing to that very door.
She sprang onward, and felt herself in unknown ground.  The air grew
damp and chill; this reassured her. She thought she might be among the
cellars of the luxurious mansion, or, at least, in some rude spot not
likely to be visited by its haughty lord, when again her quick ear
caught steps and the sound of voices. On, on, she hurried, extending her
arms, which now frequently encountered pillars of thick and massive
form.  With a tact, doubled in acuteness by her fear, she escaped these
perils, and continued her way, the air growing more and more damp as she
proceeded; yet, still, as she ever and anon paused for breath, she heard
the advancing steps and the indistinct murmur of voices.  At length she
was abruptly stopped by a wall that seemed the limit of her path. Was
there no spot in which she could hide?  No aperture? no cavity?  There
was none!  She stopped, and wrung her hands in despair; then again,
nerved as the voices neared upon her, she hurried on by the side of the
wall; and coming suddenly against one of the sharp buttresses that here
and there jutted boldly forth, she fell to the ground.  Though much
bruised, her senses did not leave her; she uttered no cry; nay, she
hailed the accident that had led her to something like a screen; and
creeping close up to the angle formed by the buttress, so that on one
side at least she was sheltered from view, she gathered her slight and
small form into its smallest compass, and breathlessly awaited her fate.

Meanwhile Arbaces and the priest were taking their way to that secret
chamber whose stores were so vaunted by the Egyptian.  They were in a
vast subterranean atrium, or hall; the low roof was supported by short,
thick pillars of an architecture far remote from the Grecian graces of
that luxuriant period.  The single and pale lamp, which Arbaces bore,
shed but an imperfect ray over the bare and rugged walls, in which the
huge stones, without cement, were fitted curiously and uncouthly into
each other.  The disturbed reptiles glared dully on the intruders, and
then crept into the shadow of the walls.

Calenus shivered as he looked around and breathed the damp, unwholesome

'Yet,' said Arbaces, with a smile, perceiving his shudder, 'it is these
rude abodes that furnish the luxuries of the halls above. They are like
the laborers of the world--we despise their ruggedness, yet they feed
the very pride that disdains them.'

'And whither goes yon dim gallery to the left asked Calenus; 'in this
depth of gloom it seems without limit, as if winding into Hades.'

'On the contrary, it does but conduct to the upper rooms,' answered
Arbaces, carelessly: 'it is to the right that we steer to our bourn.'

The hall, like many in the more habitable regions of Pompeii, branched
off at the extremity into two wings or passages; the length of which,
not really great, was to the eye considerably exaggerated by the sudden
gloom against which the lamp so faintly struggled.  To the right of
these alae, the two comrades now directed their steps.

'The gay Glaucus will be lodged to-morrow in apartments not much drier,
and far less spacious than this,' said Calenus, as they passed by the
very spot where, completely wrapped in the shadow of the broad,
projecting buttress, cowered the Thessalian.

'Ay, but then he will have dry room, and ample enough, in the arena on
the following day.  And to think,' continued Arbaces, slowly, and very
deliberately--'to think that a word of thine could save him, and consign
Arbaces to his doom!'

'That word shall never be spoken,' said Calenus.

'Right, my Calenus! it never shall,' returned Arbaces, familiarly
leaning his arm on the priest's shoulder: 'and now, halt--we are at the

The light trembled against a small door deep set in the wall, and
guarded strongly by many plates and bindings of iron, that intersected
the rough and dark wood.  From his girdle Arbaces now drew a small ring,
holding three or four short but strong keys.  Oh, how beat the griping
heart of Calenus, as he heard the rusty wards growl, as if resenting the
admission to the treasures they guarded!

'Enter, my friend,' said Arbaces, 'while I hold the lamp on high, that
thou mayst glut thine eyes on the yellow heaps.'

The impatient Calenus did not wait to be twice invited; he hastened
towards the aperture.

Scarce had he crossed the threshold, when the strong hand of Arbaces
plunged him forwards.

'The word shall never be spoken!' said the Egyptian, with a loud
exultant laugh, and closed the door upon the priest.

Calenus had been precipitated down several steps, but not feeling at the
moment the pain of his fall, he sprung up again to the door, and beating
at it fiercely with his clenched fist, he cried aloud in what seemed
more a beast's howl than a human voice, so keen was his agony and
despair: 'Oh, release me, release me, and I will ask no gold!'

The words but imperfectly penetrated the massive door, and Arbaces again
laughed.  Then, stamping his foot violently, rejoined, perhaps to give
vent to his long-stifled passions:

'All the gold of Dalmatia,' cried he, 'will not buy thee a crust of
bread. Starve, wretch! thy dying groans will never wake even the echo of
these vast halls; nor will the air ever reveal, as thou gnawest, in thy
desperate famine, thy flesh from thy bones, that so perishes the man who
threatened, and could have undone, Arbaces! Farewell!'

'Oh, pity--mercy! Inhuman villain; was it for this...'

The rest of the sentence was lost to the ear of Arbaces as he passed
backward along the dim hall.  A toad, plump and bloated, lay unmoving
before his path; the rays of the lamp fell upon its unshaped hideousness
and red upward eye.  Arbaces turned aside that he might not harm it.

'Thou art loathsome and obscene,' he muttered, 'but thou canst not
injure me; therefore thou art safe in my path.'

The cries of Calenus, dulled and choked by the barrier that confined
him, yet faintly reached the ear of the Egyptian.  He paused and
listened intently.

'This is unfortunate,' thought he; 'for I cannot sail till that voice is
dumb for ever.  My stores and treasures lie, not in yon dungeon it is
true, but in the opposite wing.  My slaves, as they move them, must not
hear his voice.  But what fear of that?  In three days, if he still
survive, his accents, by my father's beard, must be weak enough,
then!--no, they could not pierce even through his tomb.  By Isis, it is
cold!--I long for a deep draught of the spiced Falernian.'

With that the remorseless Egyptian drew his gown closer round him, and
resought the upper air.

Chapter XIV


WHAT words of terror, yet of hope, had Nydia overheard!  The next day
Glaucus was to be condemned; yet there lived one who could save him, and
adjudge Arbaces to his doom, and that one breathed within a few steps of
her hiding-place!  She caught his cries and shrieks--his
imprecations--his prayers, though they fell choked and muffled on her
ear.  He was imprisoned, but she knew the secret of his cell: could she
but escape--could she but seek the praetor he might yet in time be given
to light, and preserve the Athenian.  Her emotions almost stifled her;
her brain reeled--she felt her sense give way--but by a violent effort
she mastered herself,--and, after listening intently for several
minutes, till she was convinced that Arbaces had left the space to
solitude and herself, she crept on as her ear guided her to the very
door that had closed upon Calenus.  Here she more distinctly caught his
accents of terror and despair.  Thrice she attempted to speak, and
thrice her voice failed to penetrate the folds of the heavy door.  At
length finding the lock, she applied her lips to its small aperture, and
the prisoner distinctly heard a soft tone breathe his name.

His blood curdled--his hair stood on end.  That awful solitude, what
mysterious and preternatural being could penetrate!  'Who's there?' he
cried, in new alarm; 'what spectre--what dread larva, calls upon the
lost Calenus?'

'Priest,' replied the Thessalian, 'unknown to Arbaces, I have been, by
the permission of the gods, a witness to his perfidy.  If I myself can
escape from these walls, I may save thee.  But let thy voice reach my
ear through this narrow passage, and answer what I ask.'

'Ah, blessed spirit,' said the priest, exultingly, and obeying the
suggestion of Nydia, 'save me, and I will sell the very cups on the
altar to pay thy kindness.'

'I want not thy gold--I want thy secret.  Did I hear aright? Canst thou
save the Athenian Glaucus from the charge against his life?'

'I can--I can!--therefore (may the Furies blast the foul Egyptian!) hath
Arbaces snared me thus, and left me to starve and rot!'

'They accuse the Athenian of murder: canst thou disprove the

'Only free me, and the proudest head of Pompeii is not more safe than
his. I saw the deed done--I saw Arbaces strike the blow; I can convict
the true murderer and acquit the innocent man.  But if I perish, he dies
also.  Dost thou interest thyself for him?  Oh, blessed stranger, in my
heart is the urn which condemns or frees him!'

'And thou wilt give full evidence of what thou knowest?'

'Will!--Oh! were hell at my feet--yes!  Revenge on the false
Egyptian!--revenge!--revenge! revenge!'

As through his ground teeth Calenus shrieked forth those last words,
Nydia felt that in his worst passions was her certainty of his justice
to the Athenian.  Her heart beat: was it to be her proud destiny to
preserve her idolized--her adored?  Enough,' said she, 'the powers that
conducted me hither will carry me through all.  Yes, I feel that I shall
deliver thee. Wait in patience and hope.'

'But be cautious, be prudent, sweet stranger.  Attempt not to appeal to
Arbaces--he is marble.  Seek the praetor--say what thou knowest--obtain
his writ of search; bring soldiers, and smiths of cunning--these locks
are wondrous strong!  Time flies--I may starve--starve! if you are not
quick! Go--go!  Yet stay--it is horrible to be alone!--the air is like a
charnel--and the scorpions--ha! and the pale larvae; oh! stay, stay!'

'Nay,' said Nydia, terrified by the terror of the priest, and anxious to
confer with herself--'nay, for thy sake, I must depart. Take hope for
thy companion--farewell!'

So saying, she glided away, and felt with extended arms along the
pillared space until she had gained the farther end of the hall and the
mouth of the passage that led to the upper air.  But there she paused;
she felt that it would be more safe to wait awhile, until the night was
so far blended with the morning that the whole house would be buried in
sleep, and so that she might quit it unobserved.  She, therefore, once
more laid herself down, and counted the weary moments.  In her sanguine
heart, joy was the predominant emotion.  Glaucus was in deadly
peril--but she should save him!

Chapter XV


WHEN Arbaces had warmed his veins by large draughts of that spiced and
perfumed wine so valued by the luxurious, he felt more than usually
elated and exultant of heart.  There is a pride in triumphant ingenuity,
not less felt, perhaps, though its object be guilty.  Our vain human
nature hugs itself in the consciousness of superior craft and
self-obtained success--afterwards comes the horrible reaction of

But remorse was not a feeling which Arbaces was likely ever to
experience for the fate of the base Calenus.  He swept from his
remembrance the thought of the priest's agonies and lingering death: he
felt only that a great danger was passed, and a possible foe silenced;
all left to him now would be to account to the priesthood for the
disappearance of Calenus; and this he imagined it would not be difficult
to do.  Calenus had often been employed by him in various religious
missions to the neighboring cities.  On some such errand he could now
assert that he had been sent, with offerings to the shrines of Isis at
Herculaneum and Neapolis, placatory of the goddess for the recent murder
of her priest Apaecides.  When Calenus had expired, his body might be
thrown, previous to the Egyptian's departure from Pompeii, into the deep
stream of the Sarnus; and when discovered, suspicion would probably fall
upon the Nazarene atheists, as an act of revenge for the death of
Olinthus at the arena. After rapidly running over these plans for
screening himself, Arbaces dismissed at once from his mind all
recollection of the wretched priest; and, animated by the success which
had lately crowned all his schemes, he surrendered his thoughts to Ione.
The last time he had seen her, she had driven him from her presence by a
reproachful and bitter scorn, which his arrogant nature was unable to
endure.  He now felt emboldened once more to renew that interview; for
his passion for her was like similar feelings in other men--it made him
restless for her presence, even though in that presence he was
exasperated and humbled.  From delicacy to her grief he laid not aside
his dark and unfestive robes, but, renewing the perfumes on his raven
locks, and arranging his tunic in its most becoming folds, he sought the
chamber of the Neapolitan.  Accosting the slave in attendance without,
he inquired if Ione had yet retired to rest; and learning that she was
still up, and unusually quiet and composed, he ventured into her
presence.  He found his beautiful ward sitting before a small table, and
leaning her face upon both her hands in the attitude of thought.  Yet
the expression of the face itself possessed not its wonted bright and
Psyche-like expression of sweet intelligence; the lips were apart--the
eye vacant and unheeding--and the long dark hair, falling neglected and
disheveled upon her neck, gave by the contrast additional paleness to a
cheek which had already lost the roundness of its contour.

Arbaces gazed upon her a moment ere he advanced.  She, too, lifted up
her eyes; and when she saw who was the intruder, shut them with an
expression of pain, but did not stir.

'Ah!' said Arbaces in a low and earnest tone as he respectfully, nay,
humbly, advanced and seated himself at a little distance from the
table--'Ah! that my death could remove thy hatred, then would I gladly
die! Thou wrongest me, Ione; but I will bear the wrong without a murmur,
only let me see thee sometimes.  Chide, reproach, scorn me, if thou
wilt--I will teach myself to bear it.  And is not even thy bitterest
tone sweeter to me than the music of the most artful lute? In thy
silence the world seems to stand still--a stagnation curdles up the
veins of the earth--there is no earth, no life, without the light of thy
countenance and the melody of thy voice.'

'Give me back my brother and my betrothed,' said Ione, in a calm and
imploring tone, and a few large tears rolled unheeded down her cheeks.

'Would that I could restore the one and save the other!' returned
Arbaces, with apparent emotion.  'Yes; to make thee happy I would
renounce my ill-fated love, and gladly join thy hand to the Athenian's.
Perhaps he will yet come unscathed from his trial (Arbaces had prevented
her learning that the trial had already commenced); if so, thou art free
to judge or condemn him thyself.  And think not, O Ione, that I would
follow thee longer with a prayer of love.  I know it is in vain.  Suffer
me only to weep--to mourn with thee.  Forgive a violence deeply
repented, and that shall offend no more.  Let me be to thee only what I
once was--a friend, a father, a Protector.  Ah, Ione! spare me and

'I forgive thee.  Save but Glaucus, and I will renounce him.  O mighty
Arbaces! thou art powerful in evil or in good: save the Athenian, and
the poor Ione will never see him more.' As she spoke, she rose with weak
and trembling limbs, and falling at his feet, she clasped his knees:
'Oh! if thou really lovest me--if thou art human--remember my father's
ashes, remember my childhood, think of all the hours we passed happily
together, and save my Glaucus!'

Strange convulsions shook the frame of the Egyptian; his features worked
fearfully--he turned his face aside, and said, in a hollow voice, 'If I
could save him, even now, I would; but the Roman law is stern and sharp.
Yet if I could succeed--if I could rescue and set him free--wouldst thou
be mine--my bride?'

'Thine?' repeated Ione, rising: 'thine!--thy bride?  My brother's blood
is unavenged: who slew him?  O Nemesis, can I even sell, for the life of
Glaucus, thy solemn trust?  Arbaces--thine?  Never.'

'Ione, Ione!' cried Arbaces, passionately; 'why these mysterious
words?--why dost thou couple my name with the thought of thy brother's

'My dreams couple it--and dreams are from the gods.'

'Vain fantasies all!  Is it for a dream that thou wouldst wrong the
innocent, and hazard thy sole chance of saving thy lover's life?'

'Hear me!' said Ione, speaking firmly, and with a deliberate and solemn
voice: 'If Glaucus be saved by thee, I will never be borne to his home a
bride.  But I cannot master the horror of other rites: I cannot wed with
thee.  Interrupt me not; but mark me, Arbaces!--if Glaucus die, on that
same day I baffle thine arts, and leave to thy love only my dust!
Yes--thou mayst put the knife and the poison from my reach--thou mayst
imprison--thou mayst chain me, but the brave soul resolved to escape is
never without means.  These hands, naked and unarmed though they be,
shall tear away the bonds of life.  Fetter them, and these lips shall
firmly refuse the air. Thou art learned--thou hast read how women have
died rather than meet dishonour.  If Glaucus perish, I will not
unworthily linger behind him.  By all the gods of the heaven, and the
ocean, and the earth, I devote myself to death!  I have said!'

High, proud, dilating in her stature, like one inspired, the air and
voice of Ione struck an awe into the breast of her listener.

'Brave heart!' said he, after a short pause; 'thou art indeed worthy to
be mine.  Oh! that I should have dreamt of such a partner in my lofty
destinies, and never found it but in thee! Ione,' he continued rapidly,
'dost thou not see that we are born for each other? Canst thou not
recognize something kindred to thine own energy--thine own courage--in
this high and self-dependent soul?  We were formed to unite our
sympathies--formed to breathe a new spirit into this hackneyed and gross
world--formed for the mighty ends which my soul, sweeping down the gloom
of time, foresees with a prophet's vision.  With a resolution equal to
thine own, I defy thy threats of an inglorious suicide.  I hail thee as
my own!  Queen of climes undarkened by the eagle's wing, unravaged by
his beak, I bow before thee in homage and in awe--but I claim thee in
worship and in love! Together will we cross the ocean--together will we
found our realm; and far distant ages shall acknowledge the long race of
kings born from the marriage-bed of Arbaces and Ione!'

'Thou ravest!  These mystic declamations are suited rather to some
palsied crone selling charms in the market-place than to the wise
Arbaces.  Thou hast heard my resolution--it is fixed as the Fates
themselves.  Orcus has heard my vow, and it is written in the book of
the unforgetful Hades. Atone, then, O Arbaces!--atone the past: convert
hatred into regard--vengeance into gratitude; preserve one who shall
never be thy rival. These are acts suited to thy original nature, which
gives forth sparks of something high and noble.  They weigh in the
scales of the Kings of Death: they turn the balance on that day when the
disembodied soul stands shivering and dismayed between Tartarus and
Elysium; they gladden the heart in life, better and longer than the
reward of a momentary passion.  Oh, Arbaces! hear me, and be swayed!'

'Enough, Ione.  All that I can do for Glaucus shall be done; but blame
me not if I fail.  Inquire of my foes, even, if I have not sought, if I
do not seek, to turn aside the sentence from his head; and judge me
accordingly. Sleep then, Ione.  Night wanes; I leave thee to rest--and
mayst thou have kinder dreams of one who has no existence but in thine.'

Without waiting a reply, Arbaces hastily withdrew; afraid, perhaps, to
trust himself further to the passionate prayer of Ione, which racked him
with jealousy, even while it touched him to compassion.  But compassion
itself came too late.  Had Ione even pledged him her hand as his reward,
he could not now--his evidence given--the populace excited--have saved
the Athenian. Still made sanguine by his very energy of mind, he threw
himself on the chances of the future, and believed he should yet triumph
over the woman that had so entangled his passions.

As his attendants assisted to unrobe him for the night, the thought of
Nydia flashed across him.  He felt it was necessary that Ione should
never learn of her lover's frenzy, lest it might excuse his imputed
crime; and it was possible that her attendants might inform her that
Nydia was under his roof, and she might desire to see her.  As this idea
crossed him, he turned to one of his freedmen:

'Go, Callias,' said he, 'forthwith to Sosia, and tell him, that on no
pretence is he to suffer the blind slave Nydia out of her chamber.  But,
stay--first seek those in attendance upon my ward, and caution them not
to inform her that the blind girl is under my roof Go--quick!'

The freedman hastened to obey.  After having discharged his commission
with respect to Ione's attendants, he sought the worthy Sosia.  He found
him not in the little cell which was apportioned for his cubiculum; he
called his name aloud, and from Nydia's chamber, close at hand, he heard
the voice of Sosia reply:

'Oh, Callias, is it you that I hear?--the gods be praised!' Open the
door, I pray you!'

Callias withdrew the bolt, and the rueful face of Sosia hastily
protruded itself.

'What!--in the chamber with that young girl, Sosia! Proh pudor! Are
there not fruits ripe enough on the wall, but that thou must tamper with
such green...'

'Name not the little witch!' interrupted Sosia, impatiently; 'she will
be my ruin!' And he forthwith imparted to Callias the history of the Air
Demon, and the escape of the Thessalian.

'Hang thyself, then, unhappy Sosia!  I am just charged from Arbaces with
a message to thee; on no account art thou to suffer her, even for a
moment, from that chamber!'

'Me miserum!' exclaimed the slave.  'What can I do!--by this time she
may have visited half Pompeii.  But tomorrow I will undertake to catch
her in her old haunts.  Keep but my counsel, my dear Callias.'

'I will do all that friendship can, consistent with my own safety. But
are you sure she has left the house?--she may be hiding here yet.'

'How is that possible?  She could easily have gained the garden; and the
door, as I told thee, was open.'

'Nay, not so; for, at that very hour thou specifiest, Arbaces was in the
garden with the priest Calenus.  I went there in search of some herbs
for my master's bath to-morrow.  I saw the table set out; but the gate I
am sure was shut: depend upon it, that Calenus entered by the garden,
and naturally closed the door after him.'

'But it was not locked.'

'Yes; for I myself, angry at a negligence which might expose the bronzes
in the peristyle to the mercy of any robber, turned the key, took it
away, and--as I did not see the proper slave to whom to give it, or I
should have rated him finely--here it actually is, still in my girdle.'

'Oh, merciful Bacchus!  I did not pray to thee in vain, after all.  Let
us not lose a moment!  Let us to the garden instantly--she may yet be

The good-natured Callias consented to assist the slave; and after vainly
searching the chambers at hand, and the recesses of the peristyle, they
entered the garden.

It was about this time that Nydia had resolved to quit her hiding-place,
and venture forth on her way.  Lightly, tremulously holding her breath,
which ever and anon broke forth in quick convulsive gasps--now gliding
by the flower--wreathed columns that bordered the peristyle--now
darkening the still moonshine that fell over its tessellated centre--now
ascending the terrace of the garden--now gliding amidst the gloomy and
breathless trees, she gained the fatal door--to find it locked!  We have
all seen that expression of pain, of uncertainty, of fear, which a
sudden disappointment of touch, if I may use the expression, casts over
the face of the blind. But what words can paint the intolerable woe, the
sinking of the whole heart, which was now visible on the features of the
Thessalian? Again and again her small, quivering hands wandered to and
fro the inexorable door. Poor thing that thou wert! in vain had been all
thy noble courage, thy innocent craft, thy doublings to escape the hound
and huntsmen!  Within but a few yards from thee, laughing at thy
endeavors--thy despair--knowing thou wert now their own, and watching
with cruel patience their own moment to seize their prey--thou art saved
from seeing thy pursuers!

'Hush, Callias!--let her go on.  Let us see what she will do when she
has convinced herself that the door is honest.'

'Look! she raises her face to the heavens--she mutters--she sinks down
despondent!  No!  by Pollux, she has some new scheme!  She will not
resign herself!  By Jupiter, a tough spirit!  See, she springs up--she
retraces her steps--she thinks of some other chance!--I advise thee,
Sosia, to delay no longer: seize her ere she quit the garden--now!'

'Ah! runaway!  I have thee--eh?' said Sosia, seizing upon the unhappy
Nydia. As a hare's last human cry in the fangs of the dogs--as the sharp
voice of terror uttered by a sleep-walker suddenly awakened--broke the
shriek of the blind girl, when she felt the abrupt gripe of her gaoler.
It was a shriek of such utter agony, such entire despair, that it might
have rung hauntingly in your ears for ever.  She felt as if the last
plank of the sinking Glaucus were torn from his clasp!  It had been a
suspense of life and death; and death had now won the game.

'Gods! that cry will alarm the house!  Arbaces sleeps full lightly. Gag
her!' cried Callias.

'Ah! here is the very napkin with which the young witch conjured away my
reason!  Come, that's right; now thou art dumb as well as blind.'

And, catching the light weight in his arms, Sosia soon gained the house,
and reached the chamber from which Nydia had escaped. There, removing
the gag, he left her to a solitude so racked and terrible, that out of
Hades its anguish could scarcely be exceeded.

Chapter XVI


IT was now late on the third and last day of the trial of Glaucus and
Olinthus.  A few hours after the court had broken up and judgment been
given, a small party of the fashionable youth at Pompeii were assembled
round the fastidious board of Lepidus.

'So Glaucus denies his crime to the last?' said Clodius.

'Yes; but the testimony of Arbaces was convincing; he saw the blow
given,' answered Lepidus.

'What could have been the cause?'

'Why, the priest was a gloomy and sullen fellow.  He probably rated
Glaucus soundly about his gay life and gaming habits, and ultimately
swore he would not consent to his marriage with Ione.  High words arose;
Glaucus seems to have been full of the passionate god, and struck in
sudden exasperation. The excitement of wine, the desperation of abrupt
remorse, brought on the delirium under which he suffered for some days;
and I can readily imagine, poor fellow! that, yet confused by that
delirium, he is even now unconscious of the crime he committed!  Such,
at least, is the shrewd conjecture of Arbaces, who seems to have been
most kind and forbearing in his testimony.'

'Yes; he has made himself generally popular by it.  But, in
consideration of these extenuating circumstances, the senate should have
relaxed the sentence.'

'And they would have done so, but for the people; but they were
outrageous. The priest had spared no pains to excite them; and they
imagined--the ferocious brutes!--because Glaucus was a rich man and a
gentleman, that he was likely to escape; and therefore they were
inveterate against him, and doubly resolved upon his sentence.  It
seems, by some accident or other, that he was never formally enrolled as
a Roman citizen; and thus the senate is deprived of the power to resist
the people, though, after all, there was but a majority of three against
him.  Ho! the Chian!'

'He looks sadly altered; but how composed and fearless!'

'Ay, we shall see if his firmness will last over to-morrow.' But what
merit in courage, when that atheistical hound, Olinthus, manifested the

'The blasphemer!  Yes,' said Lepidus, with pious wrath, 'no wonder that
one of the decurions was, but two days ago, struck dead by lightning in
a serene sky.' The gods feel vengeance against Pompeii while the vile
desecrator is alive within its walls.'

'Yet so lenient was the senate, that had he but expressed his penitence,
and scattered a few grains of incense on the altar of Cybele, he would
have been let off.  I doubt whether these Nazarenes, had they the state
religion, would be as tolerant to us, supposing we had kicked down the
image of their Deity, blasphemed their rites, and denied their faith.'

'They give Glaucus one chance, in consideration of the circumstances;
they allow him, against the lion, the use of the same stilus wherewith
he smote the priest.'

'Hast thou seen the lion? hast thou looked at his teeth and fangs, and
wilt thou call that a chance?  Why, sword and buckler would be mere reed
and papyrus against the rush of the mighty beast!  No, I think the true
mercy has been, not to leave him long in suspense; and it was therefore
fortunate for him that our benign laws are slow to pronounce, but swift
to execute; and that the games of the amphitheatre had been, by a sort
of providence, so long since fixed for to-morrow.  He who awaits death,
dies twice.'

'As for the Atheist, said Clodius, 'he is to cope the grim tiger
naked-handed.  Well, these combats are past betting on.  Who will take
the odds?' A peal of laughter announced the ridicule of the question.

'Poor Clodius!' said the host; I to lose a friend is something; but to
find no one to bet on the chance of his escape is a worse misfortune to

'Why, it is provoking; it would have been some consolation to him and to
me to think he was useful to the last.'

'The people,' said the grave Pansa, 'are all delighted with the result.
They were so much afraid the sports at the amphitheatre would go off
without a criminal for the beasts; and now, to get two such criminals is
indeed a joy for the poor fellows!  They work hard; they ought to have
some amusement.'

'There speaks the popular Pansa, who never moves without a string of
clients as long as an Indian triumph.  He is always prating about the
people.  Gods! he will end by being a Gracchus!'

'Certainly I am no insolent patrician,' said Pansa, with a generous air.

'Well,' observed Lepidus, it would have been assuredly dangerous to have
been merciful at the eve of a beast-fight.  If ever I, though a Roman
bred and born, come to be tried, pray Jupiter there may be either no
beasts in the vivaria, or plenty of criminals in the gaol.'

'And pray,' said one of the party, 'what has become of the poor girl
whom Glaucus was to have married?  A widow without being a bride--that
is hard!'

'Oh,' returned Clodius, 'she is safe under the protection of her
guardian, Arbaces.  It was natural she should go to him when she had
lost both lover and brother.'

'By sweet Venus, Glaucus was fortunate among the women.  They say the
rich Julia was in love with him.'

'A mere fable, my friend,' said Clodius, coxcombically; 'I was with her
to-day.  If any feeling of the sort she ever conceived, I flatter myself
that I have consoled her.'

'Hush, gentlemen!' said Pansa; 'do you not know that Clodius is employed
at the house of Diomed in blowing hard at the torch?  It begins to burn,
and will soon shine bright on the shrine of Hymen.'

'Is it so?' said Lepidus.  'What! Clodius become a married man?--Fie!'

'Never fear,' answered Clodius; 'old Diomed is delighted at the notion
of marrying his daughter to a nobleman, and will come down largely with
the sesterces.  You will see that I shall not lock them up in the
atrium.  It will be a white day for his jolly friends, when Clodius
marries an heiress.'

'Say you so?' cried Lepidus; 'come, then, a full cup to the health of
the fair Julia!'

While such was the conversation--one not discordant to the tone of mind
common among the dissipated of that day, and which might perhaps, a
century ago, have found an echo in the looser circles of Paris--while
such, I say, was the conversation in the gaudy triclinium of Lepidus,
far different the scene which scowled before the young Athenian.

After his condemnation, Glaucus was admitted no more to the gentle
guardianship of Sallust, the only friend of his distress.  He was led
along the forum till the guards stopped at a small door by the side of
the temple of Jupiter.  You may see the place still.  The door opened in
the centre in a somewhat singular fashion, revolving round on its
hinges, as it were, like a modern turnstile, so as only to leave half
the threshold open at the same time.  Through this narrow aperture they
thrust the prisoner, placed before him a loaf and a pitcher of water,
and left him to darkness, and, as he thought, to solitude.  So sudden
had been that revolution of fortune which had prostrated him from the
palmy height of youthful pleasure and successful love to the lowest
abyss of ignominy, and the horror of a most bloody death, that he could
scarcely convince himself that he was not held in the meshes of some
fearful dream.  His elastic and glorious frame had triumphed over a
potion, the greater part of which he had fortunately not drained.  He
had recovered sense and consciousness, but still a dim and misty
depression clung to his nerves and darkened his mind.  His natural
courage, and the Greek nobility of pride, enabled him to vanquish all
unbecoming apprehension, and, in the judgment-court, to face his awful
lot with a steady mien and unquailing eye.  But the consciousness of
innocence scarcely sufficed to support him when the gaze of men no
longer excited his haughty valor, and he was left to loneliness and
silence.  He felt the damps of the dungeon sink chillingly into his
enfeebled frame.  He--the fastidious, the luxurious, the refined--he who
had hitherto braved no hardship and known no sorrow.  Beautiful bird
that he was! why had he left his far and sunny clime--the olive-groves
of his native hills--the music of immemorial streams?  Why had he
wantoned on his glittering plumage amidst these harsh and ungenial
strangers, dazzling the eyes with his gorgeous hues, charming the ear
with his blithesome song--thus suddenly to be arrested--caged in
darkness--a victim and a prey--his gay flights for ever over--his hymns
of gladness for ever stilled!  The poor Athenian! his very faults the
exuberance of a gentle and joyous nature, how little had his past career
fitted him for the trials he was destined to undergo!  The hoots of the
mob, amidst whose plaudits he had so often guided his graceful car and
bounding steeds, still rang gratingly in his ear.  The cold and stony
faces of former friends (the co-mates of merry revels) still rose before
his eye.  None now were by to soothe, to sustain, the admired, the
adulated stranger.  These walls opened but on the dread arena of a
violent and shameful death.  And Ione! of her, too, he had heard naught;
no encouraging word, no pitying message; she, too, had forsaken him; she
believed him guilty--and of what crime?--the murder of a brother!  He
ground his teeth--he groaned aloud--and ever and anon a sharp fear shot
across him.  In that fell and fierce delirium which had so unaccountably
seized his soul, which had so ravaged the disordered brain, might he
not, indeed, unknowing to himself, have committed the crime of which he
was accused?  Yet, as the thought flashed upon him, it was as suddenly
checked; for, amidst all the darkness of the past, he thought distinctly
to recall the dim grove of Cybele, the upward face of the pale dead, the
pause that he had made beside the corpse, and the sudden shock that
felled him to the earth.  He felt convinced of his innocence; and yet
who, to the latest time, long after his mangled remains were mingled
with the elements, would believe him guiltless, or uphold his fame?  As
he recalled his interview with Arbaces, and the causes of revenge which
had been excited in the heart of that dark and fearful man, he could not
but believe that he was the victim of some deep-laid and mysterious
snare--the clue and train of which he was lost in attempting to
discover: and Ione--Arbaces loved her--might his rival's success be
founded upon his ruin?  That thought cut him more deeply than all; and
his noble heart was more stung by jealousy than appalled by fear.  Again
he groaned aloud.

A voice from the recess of the darkness answered that burst of anguish.
'Who (it said) is my companion in this awful hour?  Athenian Glaucus, it
is thou?'

'So, indeed, they called me in mine hour of fortune: they may have other
names for me now.  And thy name, stranger?'

'Is Olinthus, thy co-mate in the prison as the trial.'

'What! he whom they call the Atheist?  Is it the injustice of men that
hath taught thee to deny the providence of the gods?'

'Alas!' answered Olinthus: 'thou, not I, art the true Atheist, for thou
deniest the sole true God--the Unknown One--to whom thy Athenian fathers
erected an altar.  It is in this hour that I know my God.  He is with me
in the dungeon; His smile penetrates the darkness; on the eve of death
my heart whispers immortality, and earth recedes from me but to bring
the weary soul nearer unto heaven.'

'Tell me,' said Glaucus, abruptly, 'did I not hear thy name coupled with
that of Apaecides in my trial?  Dost thou believe me guilty?'

'God alone reads the heart! but my suspicion rested not upon thee.'

'On whom then?'

'Thy accuser, Arbaces.'

'Ha! thou cheerest me: and wherefore?'

'Because I know the man's evil breast, and he had cause to fear him who
is now dead.'

With that, Olinthus proceeded to inform Glaucus of those details which
the reader already knows, the conversion of Apaecides, the plan they had
proposed for the detection of the impostures of the Egyptian upon the
youthful weakness of the proselyte.  'Therefore,' concluded Olinthus,
'had the deceased encountered Arbaces, reviled his treasons, and
threatened detection, the place, the hour, might have favored the wrath
of the Egyptian, and passion and craft alike dictated the fatal blow.'

'It must have been so!' cried Glaucus, joyfully.  'I am happy.'

'Yet what, O unfortunate! avails to thee now the discovery?  Thou art
condemned and fated; and in thine innocence thou wilt perish.'

'But I shall know myself guiltless; and in my mysterious madness I had
fearful, though momentary, doubts.  Yet tell me, man of a strange creed,
thinkest thou that for small errors, or for ancestral faults, we are for
ever abandoned and accursed by the powers above, whatever name thou
allottest to them?'

'God is just, and abandons not His creatures for their mere human
frailty. God is merciful, and curses none but the wicked who repent

'Yet it seemeth to me as if, in the divine anger, I had been smitten by
a sudden madness, a supernatural and solemn frenzy, wrought not by human

'There are demons on earth,' answered the Nazarene, fearfully, 'as well
as there are God and His Son in heaven; and since thou acknowledgest not
the last, the first may have had power over thee.'

Glaucus did not reply, and there was a silence for some minutes. At
length the Athenian said, in a changed, and soft, and half-hesitating
voice. 'Christian, believest thou, among the doctrines of thy creed,
that the dead live again--that they who have loved here are united
hereafter--that beyond the grave our good name shines pure from the
mortal mists that unjustly dim it in the gross-eyed world--and that the
streams which are divided by the desert and the rock meet in the solemn
Hades, and flow once more into one?'

'Believe I that, O Athenian No, I do not believe--I know! and it is that
beautiful and blessed assurance which supports me now.  O Cyllene!'
continued Olinthus, passionately, 'bride of my heart! torn from me in
the first month of our nuptials,' shall I not see thee yet, and ere many
days be past?  Welcome, welcome death, that will bring me to heaven and

There was something in this sudden burst of human affection which struck
a kindred chord in the soul of the Greek.  He felt, for the first time,
a sympathy greater than mere affliction between him and his companion.
He crept nearer towards Olinthus; for the Italians, fierce in some
points, were not unnecessarily cruel in others; they spared the separate
cell and the superfluous chain, and allowed the victims of the arena the
sad comfort of such freedom and such companionship as the prison would

'Yes,' continued the Christian, with holy fervor, 'the immortality of
the soul--the resurrection--the reunion of the dead--is the great
principle of our creed--the great truth a God suffered death itself to
attest and proclaim.  No fabled Elysium--no poetic Orcus--but a pure and
radiant heritage of heaven itself, is the portion of the good.'

'Tell me, then, thy doctrines, and expound to me thy hopes,' said
Glaucus, earnestly.

Olinthus was not slow to obey that prayer; and there--as oftentimes in
the early ages of the Christian creed--it was in the darkness of the
dungeon, and over the approach of death, that the dawning Gospel shed
its soft and consecrating rays.

Chapter XVII


THE hours passed in lingering torture over the head of Nydia from the
time in which she had been replaced in her cell.

Sosia, as if afraid he should be again outwitted, had refrained from
visiting her until late in the morning of the following day, and then he
but thrust in the periodical basket of food and wine, and hastily
reclosed the door.  That day rolled on, and Nydia felt herself
pent--barred--inexorably confined, when that day was the judgment-day of
Glaucus, and when her release would have saved him! Yet knowing, almost
impossible as seemed her escape, that the sole chance for the life of
Glaucus rested on her, this young girl, frail, passionate, and acutely
susceptible as she was--resolved not to give way to a despair that would
disable her from seizing whatever opportunity might occur.  She kept her
senses whenever, beneath the whirl of intolerable thought, they reeled
and tottered; nay, she took food and wine that she might sustain her
strength--that she might be prepared!

She revolved scheme after scheme of escape, and was forced to dismiss
all. Yet Sosia was her only hope, the only instrument with which she
could tamper.  He had been superstitious in the desire of ascertaining
whether he could eventually purchase his freedom.  Blessed gods! might
he not be won by the bribe of freedom itself? was she not nearly rich
enough to purchase it? Her slender arms were covered with bracelets, the
presents of Ione; and on her neck she yet wore that very chain which, it
may be remembered, had occasioned her jealous quarrel with Glaucus, and
which she had afterwards promised vainly to wear for ever.  She waited
burningly till Sosia should again appear: but as hour after hour passed,
and he came not, she grew impatient.  Every nerve beat with fever; she
could endure the solitude no longer--she groaned, she shrieked
aloud--she beat herself against the door. Her cries echoed along the
hall, and Sosia, in peevish anger, hastened to see what was the matter,
and silence his prisoner if possible.

'Ho! ho! what is this?' said he, surlily.  'Young slave, if thou
screamest out thus, we must gag thee again.  My shoulders will smart for
it, if thou art heard by my master.'

'Kind Sosia, chide me not--I cannot endure to be so long alone,'
answered Nydia; 'the solitude appals me.  Sit with me, I pray, a little
while.  Nay, fear not that I should attempt to escape; place thy seat
before the door. Keep thine eye on me--I will not stir from this spot.'

Sosia, who was a considerable gossip himself, was moved by this address.
He pitied one who had nobody to talk with--it was his case too; he
pitied--and resolved to relieve himself.  He took the hint of Nydia,
placed a stool before the door, leant his back against it, and replied:

'I am sure I do not wish to be churlish; and so far as a little innocent
chat goes, I have no objection to indulge you.  But mind, no tricks--no
more conjuring!'

'No, no; tell me, dear Sosia, what is the hour?'

'It is already evening--the goats are going home.'

'O gods! how went the trial'

'Both condemned.'

Nydia repressed the shriek.  'Well--well, I thought it would be so. When
do they suffer?'

'To-morrow, in the amphitheatre.  If it were not for thee, little
wretch, I should be allowed to go with the rest and see it.'

Nydia leant back for some moments.  Nature could endure no more--she had
fainted away.  But Sosia did not perceive it, for it was the dusk of
eve, and he was full of his own privations.  He went on lamenting the
loss of so delightful a show, and accusing the injustice of Arbaces for
singling him out from all his fellows to be converted into a gaoler; and
ere he had half finished, Nydia, with a deep sigh, recovered the sense
of life.

'Thou sighest, blind one, at my loss!  Well, that is some comfort.  So
long as you acknowledge how much you cost me, I will endeavor not to
grumble.  It is hard to be ill-treated, and yet not pitied.'

'Sosia, how much dost thou require to make up the purchase of thy

'How much?  Why, about two thousand sesterces.'

'The gods be praised! not more?  Seest thou these bracelets and this
chain? They are well worth double that sum.  I will give them thee

'Tempt me not: I cannot release thee.  Arbaces is a severe and awful
master. Who knows but I might feed the fishes of the Sarnus Alas! all
the sesterces in the world would not buy me back into life.  Better a
live dog than a dead lion.'

'Sosia, thy freedom!  Think well!  If thou wilt let me out only for one
little hour!--let me out at midnight--I will return ere to-morrow's
dawn; nay, thou canst go with me.'

'No,' said Sosia, sturdily, 'a slave once disobeyed Arbaces, and he was
never more heard of.'

'But the law gives a master no power over the life of a slave.'

'The law is very obliging, but more polite than efficient.  I know that
Arbaces always gets the law on his side.  Besides, if I am once dead,
what law can bring me to life again!'

Nydia wrung her hands.  'Is there no hope, then?' said she,

'None of escape till Arbaces gives the word.'

'Well, then, said Nydia, quickly, 'thou wilt not, at least, refuse to
take a letter for me: thy master cannot kill thee for that.'

'To whom?'

'The praetor.'

'To a magistrate?  No--not I.  I should be made a witness in court, for
what I know; and the way they cross-examine the slaves is by the

'Pardon: I meant not the praetor--it was a word that escaped me
unawares: I meant quite another person--the gay Sallust.'

'Oh! and what want you with him?'

'Glaucus was my master; he purchased me from a cruel lord.  He alone has
been kind to me.  He is to die.  I shall never live happily if I cannot,
in his hour of trial and doom, let him know that one heart is grateful
to him. Sallust is his friend; he will convey my message.'

'I am sure he will do no such thing.  Glaucus will have enough to think
of between this and to-morrow without troubling his head about a blind

'Man,' said Nydia, rising, 'wilt thou become free?  Thou hast the offer
in thy power; to-morrow it will be too late.  Never was freedom more
cheaply purchased.  Thou canst easily and unmissed leave home: less than
half an hour will suffice for thine absence.  And for such a trifle wilt
thou refuse liberty?'

Sosia was greatly moved.  It was true that the request was remarkably
silly; but what was that to him?  So much the better.  He could lock the
door on Nydia, and, if Arbaces should learn his absence, the offence was
venial, and would merit but a reprimand.  Yet, should Nydia's letter
contain something more than what she had said--should it speak of her
imprisonment, as he shrewdly conjectured it would do--what then!  It
need never be known to Arbaces that he had carried the letter.  At the
worst the bribe was enormous--the risk light--the temptation
irresistible.  He hesitated no longer--he assented to the proposal.

'Give me the trinkets, and I will take the letter.  Yet stay--thou art a
slave--thou hast no right to these ornaments--they are thy master's.'

'They were the gifts of Glaucus; he is my master.  What chance hath he
to claim them?  Who else will know they are in my possession?'

'Enough--I will bring thee the papyrus.'

'No, not papyrus--a tablet of wax and a stilus.'

Nydia, as the reader will have seen, was born of gentle parents. They
had done all to lighten her calamity, and her quick intellect seconded
their exertions.  Despite her blindness, she had therefore acquired in
childhood, though imperfectly, the art to write with the sharp stilus
upon waxen tablets, in which her exquisite sense of touch came to her
aid.  When the tablets were brought to her, she thus painfully traced
some words in Greek, the language of her childhood, and which almost
every Italian of the higher ranks was then supposed to know.  She
carefully wound round the epistle the thread, and covered its knot with
wax; and ere she placed it in the hands of Sosia, she thus addressed

'Sosia, I am blind and in prison.  Thou mayst think to deceive me--thou
mayst pretend only to take the letter to Sallust--thou mayst not fulfill
thy charge: but here I solemnly dedicate thy head to vengeance, thy soul
to the infernal powers, if thou wrongest thy trust; and I call upon thee
to place thy right hand of faith in mine, and repeat after me these
words: "By the ground on which we stand--by the elements which contain
life and can curse life--by Orcus, the all-avenging--by the Olympian
Jupiter, the all-seeing--I swear that I will honestly discharge my
trust, and faithfully deliver into the hands of Sallust this letter!
And if I perjure myself in this oath, may the full curses of heaven and
hell be wreaked upon me!" Enough!--I trust thee--take thy reward.  It is
already dark--depart at once.'

'Thou art a strange girl, and thou hast frightened me terribly; but it
is all very natural: and if Sallust is to be found, I give him this
letter as I have sworn.  By my faith, I may have my little peccadilloes!
but perjury--no!  I leave that to my betters.'

With this Sosia withdrew, carefully passing the heavy bolt athwart
Nydia's door--carefully locking its wards: and, hanging the key to his
girdle, he retired to his own den, enveloped himself from head to foot
in a huge disguising cloak, and slipped out by the back way undisturbed
and unseen.

The streets were thin and empty.  He soon gained the house of Sallust.
The porter bade him leave his letter, and be gone; for Sallust was so
grieved at the condemnation of Glaucus, that he could not on any account
be disturbed.

'Nevertheless, I have sworn to give this letter into his own hands--do
so I must!' And Sosia, well knowing by experience that Cerberus loves a
sop, thrust some half a dozen sesterces into the hand of the porter.

'Well, well,' said the latter, relenting, 'you may enter if you will;
but, to tell you the truth, Sallust is drinking himself out of his
grief.  It is his way when anything disturbs him.  He orders a capital
supper, the best wine, and does not give over till everything is out of
his head--but the liquor.'

'An excellent plan--excellent!  Ah, what it is to be rich!  If I were
Sallust, I would have some grief or another every day.  But just say a
kind word for me with the atriensis--I see him coming.'

Sallust was too sad to receive company; he was too sad, also, to drink
alone; so, as was his wont, he admitted his favorite freedman to his
entertainment, and a stranger banquet never was held.  For ever and
anon, the kind-hearted epicure sighed, whimpered, wept outright, and
then turned with double zest to some new dish or his refilled goblet.

'My good fellow,' said he to his companion, it was a most awful
judgment--heigho!--it is not bad that kid, eh?  Poor, dear
Glaucus!--what a jaw the lion has too!  Ah, ah, ah!'

And Sallust sobbed loudly--the fit was stopped by a counteraction of

'Take a cup of wine,' said the freedman.

'A thought too cold: but then how cold Glaucus must be!  Shut up the
house to-morrow--not a slave shall stir forth--none of my people shall
honour that cursed arena--No, no!'

'Taste the Falernian--your grief distracts you.  By the gods it does--a
piece of that cheesecake.'

It was at this auspicious moment that Sosia was admitted to the presence
of the disconsolate carouser.

'Ho--what art thou?'

'Merely a messenger to Sallust.  I give him this billet from a young
female. There is no answer that I know of.  May I withdraw?'

Thus said the discreet Sosia, keeping his face muffled in his cloak, and
speaking with a feigned voice, so that he might not hereafter be

'By the gods--a pimp!  Unfeeling wretch!--do you not see my sorrows?
Go! and the curses of Pandarus with you!'

Sosia lost not a moment in retiring.

'Will you read the letter, Sallust?' said the freedman.

'Letter!--which letter?' said the epicure, reeling, for he began to see
double.  'A curse on these wenches, say I!  Am I a man to think
of--(hiccup)--pleasure, when--when--my friend is going to be eat up?'

'Eat another tartlet.'

'No, no!  My grief chokes me!'

'Take him to bed said the freedman; and, Sallust's head now declining
fairly on his breast, they bore him off to his cubiculum, still
muttering lamentations for Glaucus, and imprecations on the unfeeling
overtures of ladies of pleasure.

Meanwhile Sosia strode indignantly homeward.  'Pimp, indeed!' quoth he
to himself.  'Pimp! a scurvy-tongued fellow that Sallust!  Had I been
called knave, or thief.  I could have forgiven it; but pimp!  Faugh!
There is something in the word which the toughest stomach in the world
would rise against.  A knave is a knave for his own pleasure, and a
thief a thief for his own profit; and there is something honorable and
philosophical in being a rascal for one's own sake: that is doing things
upon principle--upon a grand scale.  But a pimp is a thing that defiles
itself for another--a pipkin that is put on the fire for another man's
pottage! a napkin, that every guest wipes his hands upon! and the
scullion says, "by your leave" too. A pimp!  I would rather he had called
me parricide!  But the man was drunk, and did not know what he said;
and, besides, I disguised myself.  Had he seen it had been Sosia who
addressed him, it would have been "honest Sosia!" and, "worthy man!" I
warrant.  Nevertheless, the trinkets have been won easily--that's some
comfort! and, O goddess Feronia!  I shall be a freedman soon! and then I
should like to see who'll call me pimp!--unless, indeed, he pay me
pretty handsomely for it!'

While Sosia was soliloquising in this high-minded and generous vein, his
path lay along a narrow lane that led towards the amphitheatre and its
adjacent palaces.  Suddenly, as he turned a sharp corner he found
himself in the midst of a considerable crowd. Men, women, and children,
all were hurrying or laughing, talking, gesticulating; and, ere he was
aware of it, the worthy Sosia was borne away with the noisy stream.

'What now?' he asked of his nearest neighbor, a young artificer; 'what
now? Where are all these good folks thronging?' Does any rich patron
give away alms or viands to-night?'

'Not so, man--better still,' replied the artificer; 'the noble
Pansa--the people's friend--has granted the public leave to see the
beasts in their vivaria.  By Hercules! they will not be seen so safely
by some persons to-morrow.'

'Tis a pretty sight,' said the slave, yielding to the throng that
impelled him onward; 'and since I may not go to the sports to-morrow, I
may as well take a peep at the beasts to-night.'

'You will do well,' returned his new acquaintance, 'a lion and a tiger
are not to be seen at Pompeii every day.'

The crowd had now entered a broken and wide space of ground, on which,
as it was only lighted scantily and from a distance, the press became
dangerous to those whose limbs and shoulders were not fitted for a mob.
Nevertheless, the women especially--many of them with children in their
arms, or even at the breast--were the most resolute in forcing their
way; and their shrill exclamations of complaint or objurgation were
heard loud above the more jovial and masculine voices.  Yet, amidst them
was a young and girlish voice, that appeared to come from one too happy
in her excitement to be alive to the inconvenience of the crowd.

'Aha!' cried the young woman, to some of her companions, 'I always told
you so; I always said we should have a man for the lion; and now we have
one for the tiger too!  I wish tomorrow were come!'

       Ho, ho! for the merry, merry show,
        With a forest of faces in every row!
        Lo! the swordsmen, bold as the son of Alcmaena,
        Sweep, side by side, o'er the hushed arena.
        Talk while you may, you will hold your breath
        When they meet in the grasp of the glowing death!
        Tramp! tramp! how gaily they go!
        Ho! ho! for the merry, merry show!

'A jolly girl!' said Sosia.

'Yes,' replied the young artificer, a curly-headed, handsome youth.
'Yes,' replied he, enviously; 'the women love a gladiator.  If I had
been a slave, I would have soon found my schoolmaster in the lanista!'

'Would you, indeed?' said Sosia, with a sneer.  'People's notions

The crowd had now arrived at the place of destination; but as the cell
in which the wild beasts were confined was extremely small and narrow,
tenfold more vehement than it hitherto had been was the rush of the
aspirants to obtain admittance.  Two of the officers of the
amphitheatre, placed at the entrance, very wisely mitigated the evil by
dispensing to the foremost only a limited number of tickets at a time,
and admitting no new visitors till their predecessors had sated their
curiosity.  Sosia, who was a tolerably stout fellow and not troubled
with any remarkable scruples of diffidence or good breeding, contrived
to be among the first of the initiated.

Separated from his companion the artificer, Sosia found himself in a
narrow cell of oppressive heat and atmosphere, and lighted by several
rank and flaring torches.

The animals, usually kept in different vivaria, or dens, were now, for
the greater entertainment of the visitors, placed in one, but equally
indeed divided from each other by strong cages protected by iron bars.

There they were, the fell and grim wanderers of the desert, who have now
become almost the principal agents of this story.  The lion, who, as
being the more gentle by nature than his fellow-beast, had been more
incited to ferocity by hunger, stalked restlessly and fiercely to and
fro his narrow confines: his eyes were lurid with rage and famine: and
as, every now and then, he paused and glared around, the spectators
fearfully pressed backward, and drew their breath more quickly.  But the
tiger lay quiet and extended at full length in his cage, and only by an
occasional play of his tail, or a long impatient yawn, testified any
emotion at his confinement, or at the crowd which honored him with their

'I have seen no fiercer beast than yon lion even in the amphitheatre of
Rome,' said a gigantic and sinewy fellow who stood at the right hand of

'I feel humbled when I look at his limbs,' replied, at the left of
Sosia, a slighter and younger figure, with his arms folded on his

The slave looked first at one, and then at the other.  'Virtus in
medio!--virtue is ever in the middle!' muttered he to himself; 'a goodly
neighborhood for thee, Sosia--a gladiator on each side!'

'That is well said, Lydon,' returned the huger gladiator; 'I feel the

'And to think,' observed Lydon, in a tone of deep feeling, to think that
the noble Greek, he whom we saw but a day or two since before us, so
full of youth, and health, and joyousness, is to feast yon monster!'

'Why not?' growled Niger, savagely: 'many an honest gladiator has been
compelled to a like combat by the emperor--why not a wealthy murderer by
the law?'

Lydon sighed, shrugged his shoulders, and remained silent. Meanwhile the
common gazers listened with staring eyes and lips apart: the gladiators
were objects of interest as well as the beasts--they were animals of the
same species; so the crowd glanced from one to the other--the men and
the brutes--whispering their comments and anticipating the morrow.

'Well!' said Lydon, turning away, 'I thank the gods that it is not the
lion or the tiger I am to contend with; even you, Niger, are a gentler
combatant than they.'

'But equally dangerous,' said the gladiator, with a fierce laugh; and
the bystanders, admiring his vast limbs and ferocious countenance,
laughed too.

'That as it may be,' answered Lydon, carelessly, as he pressed through
the throng and quitted the den.

'I may as well take advantage of his shoulders,' thought the prudent
Sosia, hastening to follow him: 'the crowd always give way to a
gladiator, so I will keep close behind, and come in for a share of his

The son of Medon strode quickly through the mob, many of whom recognized
his features and profession.

'That is young Lydon, a brave fellow: he fights to-morrow,' said one.

'Ah! I have a bet on him,' said another; 'see how firmly he walks!'

'Good luck to thee, Lydon!' said a third.

'Lydon, you have my wishes,' half whispered a fourth, smiling (a comely
woman of the middle class)--'and if you win, why, you may hear more of

'A handsome man, by Venus!' cried a fifth, who was a girl scarce in her
teens.  'Thank you,' returned Sosia, gravely taking the compliment to

However strong the purer motives of Lydon, and certain though it be that
he would never have entered so bloody a calling but from the hope of
obtaining his father's freedom, he was not altogether unmoved by the
notice he excited.  He forgot that the voices now raised in commendation
might, on the morrow, shout over his death-pangs.  By nature fierce and
reckless, as well as generous and warm-hearted, he was already imbued
with the pride of a profession that he fancied he disdained, and
affected by the influence of a companionship that in reality he loathed.
He saw himself now a man of importance; his step grew yet lighter, and
his mien more elate.

'Niger,' said he, turning suddenly, as he had now threaded the crowd;
'we have often quarrelled; we are not matched against each other, but
one of us, at least, may reasonably expect to fall--give us thy hand.'

'Most readily,' said Sosia, extending his palm.

'Ha! what fool is this?  Why, I thought Niger was at my heels!'

'I forgive the mistake,' replied Sosia, condescendingly: 'don't mention
it; the error was easy--I and Niger are somewhat of the same build.'

'Ha! ha! that is excellent!  Niger would have slit thy throat had he
heard thee!'

'You gentlemen of the arena have a most disagreeable mode of talking,'
said Sosia; 'let us change the conversation.'

'Vah! vah!' said Lydon, impatiently; 'I am in no humor to converse with

'Why, truly,' returned the slave, 'you must have serious thoughts enough
to occupy your mind: to-morrow is, I think, your first essay in the
arena. Well, I am sure you will die bravely!'

'May thy words fall on thine own head!' said Lydon, superstitiously, for
he by no means liked the blessing of Sosia.  'Die! No--I trust my hour
is not yet come.'

'He who plays at dice with death must expect the dog's throw,' replied
Sosia, maliciously.  'But you are a strong fellow, and I wish you all
imaginable luck; and so, vale!'

With that the slave turned on his heel, and took his way homeward.

'I trust the rogue's words are not ominous,' said Lydon, musingly. 'In
my zeal for my father's liberty, and my confidence in my own thews and
sinews, I have not contemplated the possibility of death.  My poor
father!  I am thy only son!--if I were to fall...'

As the thought crossed him, the gladiator strode on with a more rapid
and restless pace, when suddenly, in an opposite street, he beheld the
very object of his thoughts.  Leaning on his stick, his form bent by
care and age, his eyes downcast, and his steps trembling, the
grey-haired Medon slowly approached towards the gladiator.  Lydon paused
a moment: he divined at once the cause that brought forth the old man at
that late hour.

'Be sure, it is I whom he seeks,' thought he; 'he is horror struck at
the condemnation of Olinthus--he more than ever esteems the arena
criminal and hateful--he comes again to dissuade me from the contest.  I
must shun him--I cannot brook his prayers--his tears.'

These thoughts, so long to recite, flashed across the young man like
lightning.  He turned abruptly and fled swiftly in an opposite
direction. He paused not till, almost spent and breathless, he found
himself on the summit of a small acclivity which overlooked the most gay
and splendid part of that miniature city; and as there he paused, and
gazed along the tranquil streets glittering in the rays of the moon
(which had just arisen, and brought partially and picturesquely into
light the crowd around the amphitheatre at a distance, murmuring, and
swaying to and fro), the influence of the scene affected him, rude and
unimaginative though his nature.  He sat himself down to rest upon the
steps of a deserted portico, and felt the calm of the hour quiet and
restore him.  Opposite and near at hand, the lights gleamed from a
palace in which the master now held his revels.  The doors were open for
coolness, and the gladiator beheld the numerous and festive group
gathered round the tables in the atrium; while behind them, closing the
long vista of the illumined rooms beyond, the spray of the distant
fountain sparkled in the moonbeams. There, the garlands wreathed around
the columns of the hall--there, gleamed still and frequent the marble
statue--there, amidst peals of jocund laughter, rose the music and the

              EPICUREAN SONG

       Away with your stories of Hades,
          Which the Flamen has forged to affright us--
       We laugh at your three Maiden Ladies,
          Your Fates--and your sullen Cocytus.

       Poor Jove has a troublesome life, sir,
          Could we credit your tales of his portals--
       In shutting his ears on his wife, sir,
          And opening his eyes upon mortals.

       Oh, blest be the bright Epicurus!
          Who taught us to laugh at such fables;
        On Hades they wanted to moor us,
          And his hand cut the terrible cables.

       If, then, there's a Jove or a Juno,
          They vex not their heads about us, man;
        Besides, if they did, I and you know
          'Tis the life of a god to live thus, man!

       What! think you the gods place their bliss--eh?--
         In playing the spy on a sinner?
        In counting the girls that we kiss, eh?
          Or the cups that we empty at dinner?

       Content with the soft lips that love us,
          This music, this wine, and this mirth, boys,
        We care not for gods up above us--
         We know there's no god for this earth, boys!

While Lydon's piety (which accommodating as it might be, was in no
slight degree disturbed by these verses, which embodied the fashionable
philosophy of the day) slowly recovered itself from the shock it had
received, a small party of men, in plain garments and of the middle
class, passed by his resting-place.  They were in earnest conversation,
and did not seem to notice or heed the gladiator as they moved on.

'O horror on horrors!' said one; 'Olinthus is snatched from us! our
right arm is lopped away!  When will Christ descend to protect his own?'

'Can human atrocity go farther said another: 'to sentence an innocent
man to the same arena as a murderer!  But let us not despair; the
thunder of Sinai may yet be heard, and the Lord preserve his saint.
"The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God."'

At that moment out broke again, from the illumined palace, the burden of
the reveller's song:--

    We care not for gods up above us--
       We know there's no god for this earth, boys!

Ere the words died away, the Nazarenes, moved by sudden indignation,
caught up the echo, and, in the words of one of their favorite hymns,
shouted aloud:--


       Around--about--for ever near thee,
        God--OUR GOD--shall mark and hear thee!
        On his car of storm He sweeps!
        Bow, ye heavens, and shrink, ye deeps!
        Woe to the proud ones who defy Him!--
       Woe to the dreamers who deny Him!
            Woe to the wicked, woe!
          The proud stars shall fail--
         The sun shall grow pale--
       The heavens shrivel up like a scroll--
         Hell's ocean shall bare
          Its depths of despair,
        Each wave an eternal soul!
          For the only thing, then,
          That shall not live again
            Is the corpse of the giant TIME.

           Hark, the trumpet of thunder!
           Lo, earth rent asunder!
         And, forth, on His Angel-throne,
           He comes through the gloom,
           The Judge of the Tomb,
         To summon and save His own!
              Oh, joy to Care, and woe to Crime,
              He comes to save His own!
        Woe to the proud ones who defy Him!
        Woe to the dreamers who deny Him!
              Woe to the wicked, woe!

A sudden silence from the startled hall of revel succeeded these ominous
words: the Christians swept on, and were soon hidden from the sight of
the gladiator.  Awed, he scarce knew why, by the mystic denunciations of
the Christians, Lydon, after a short pause, now rose to pursue his way

Before him, how serenely slept the starlight on that lovely city! how
breathlessly its pillared streets reposed in their security!--how softly
rippled the dark-green waves beyond!--how cloudless spread, aloft and
blue, the dreaming Campanian skies!  Yet this was the last night for the
gay Pompeii! the colony of the hoar Chaldean! the fabled city of
Hercules! the delight of the voluptuous Roman!  Age after age had
rolled, indestructive, unheeded, over its head; and now the last ray
quivered on the dial-plate of its doom!  The gladiator heard some light
steps behind--a group of females were wending homeward from their visit
to the amphitheatre.  As he turned, his eye was arrested by a strange
and sudden apparition.  From the summit of Vesuvius, darkly visible at
the distance, there shot a pale, meteoric, livid light--it trembled an
instant and was gone.  And at the same moment that his eye caught it,
the voice of one of the youngest of the women broke out hilariously and



Chapter I

THE awful night preceding the fierce joy of the amphitheatre rolled
drearily away, and greyly broke forth the dawn of THE LAST DAY OF
POMPEII!  The air was uncommonly calm and sultry--a thin and dull mist
gathered over the valleys and hollows of the broad Campanian fields.
But yet it was remarked in surprise by the early fishermen, that,
despite the exceeding stillness of the atmosphere, the waves of the sea
were agitated, and seemed, as it were, to run disturbedly back from the
shore; while along the blue and stately Sarnus, whose ancient breadth of
channel the traveler now vainly seeks to discover, there crept a hoarse
and sullen murmur, as it glided by the laughing plains and the gaudy
villas of the wealthy citizens.  Clear above the low mist rose the
time-worn towers of the immemorial town, the red-tiled roofs of the
bright streets, the solemn columns of many temples, and the
statue-crowned portals of the Forum and the Arch of Triumph.  Far in the
distance, the outline of the circling hills soared above the vapors, and
mingled with the changeful hues of the morning sky.  The cloud that had
so long rested over the crest of Vesuvius had suddenly vanished, and its
rugged and haughty brow looked without a frown over the beautiful scenes

Despite the earliness of the hour, the gates of the city were already
opened.  Horsemen upon horsemen, vehicle after vehicle, poured rapidly
in; and the voices of numerous pedestrian groups, clad in holiday
attire, rose high in joyous and excited merriment; the streets were
crowded with citizens and strangers from the populous neighborhood of
Pompeii; and noisily--fast--confusedly swept the many streams of life
towards the fatal show.

Despite the vast size of the amphitheatre, seemingly so disproportioned
to the extent of the city, and formed to include nearly the whole
population of Pompeii itself, so great, on extraordinary occasions, was
the concourse of strangers from all parts of Campania, that the space
before it was usually crowded for several hours previous to the
commencement of the sports, by such persons as were not entitled by
their rank to appointed and special seats.  And the intense curiosity
which the trial and sentence of two criminals so remarkable had
occasioned, increased the crowd on this day to an extent wholly

While the common people, with the lively vehemence of their Campanian
blood, were thus pushing, scrambling, hurrying on--yet, amidst all their
eagerness, preserving, as is now the wont with Italians in such
meetings, a wonderful order and unquarrelsome good humor, a strange
visitor to Arbaces was threading her way to his sequestered mansion.  At
the sight of her quaint and primaeval garb--of her wild gait and
gestures--the passengers she encountered touched each other and smiled;
but as they caught a glimpse of her countenance, the mirth was hushed at
once, for the face was as the face of the dead; and, what with the
ghastly features and obsolete robes of the stranger, it seemed as if one
long entombed had risen once more amongst the living.  In silence and
awe each group gave way as she passed along, and she soon gained the
broad porch of the Egyptian's palace.

The black porter, like the rest of the world, astir at an unusual hour,
started as he opened the door to her summons.

The sleep of the Egyptian had been usually profound during the night;
but, as the dawn approached, it was disturbed by strange and unquiet
dreams, which impressed him the more as they were colored by the
peculiar philosophy he embraced.

He thought that he was transported to the bowels of the earth, and that
he stood alone in a mighty cavern supported by enormous columns of rough
and primaeval rock, lost, as they ascended, in the vastness of a shadow
athwart whose eternal darkness no beam of day had ever glanced.  And in
the space between these columns were huge wheels, that whirled round and
round unceasingly, and with a rushing and roaring noise.  Only to the
right and left extremities of the cavern, the space between the pillars
was left bare, and the apertures stretched away into galleries--not
wholly dark, but dimly lighted by wandering and erratic fires, that,
meteor-like, now crept (as the snake creeps) along the rugged and dank
soil; and now leaped fiercely to and fro, darting across the vast gloom
in wild gambols--suddenly disappearing, and as suddenly bursting into
tenfold brilliancy and power.  And while he gazed wonderingly upon the
gallery to the left, thin, mist-like, aerial shapes passed slowly up;
and when they had gained the hall they seemed to rise aloft, and to
vanish, as the smoke vanishes, in the measureless ascent.

He turned in fear towards the opposite extremity--and behold! there came
swiftly, from the gloom above, similar shadows, which swept hurriedly
along the gallery to the right, as if borne involuntarily adown the
sides of some invisible stream; and the faces of these spectres were
more distinct than those that emerged from the opposite passage; and on
some was joy, and on others sorrow--some were vivid with expectation and
hope, some unutterably dejected by awe and horror.  And so they passed,
swift and constantly on, till the eyes of the gazer grew dizzy and
blinded with the whirl of an ever-varying succession of things impelled
by a power apparently not their own.

Arbaces turned away, and, in the recess of the hall, he saw the mighty
form of a giantess seated upon a pile of skulls, and her hands were busy
upon a pale and shadowy woof; and he saw that the woof communicated with
the numberless wheels, as if it guided the machinery of their movements.
He thought his feet, by some secret agency, were impelled towards the
female, and that he was borne onwards till he stood before her, face to
face.  The countenance of the giantess was solemn and hushed, and
beautifully serene. It was as the face of some colossal sculpture of his
own ancestral sphinx. No passion--no human emotion, disturbed its
brooding and unwrinkled brow: there was neither sadness, nor joy, nor
memory, nor hope: it was free from all with which the wild human heart
can sympathize.  The mystery of mysteries rested on its beauty--it awed,
but terrified not: it was the Incarnation of the sublime.  And Arbaces
felt the voice leave his lips, without an impulse of his own; and the
voice asked:

'Who art thou, and what is thy task?'

'I am That which thou hast acknowledged,' answered, without desisting
from its work, the mighty phantom.  'My name is NATURE!  These are the
wheels of the world, and my hand guides them for the life of all

'And what,' said the voice of Arbaces, 'are these galleries, that
strangely and fitfully illumined, stretch on either hand into the abyss
of gloom?'

'That,' answered the giant-mother, 'which thou beholdest to the left, is
the gallery of the Unborn.  The shadows that flit onward and upward into
the world, are the souls that pass from the long eternity of being to
their destined pilgrimage on earth.  That which thou beholdest to thy
right, wherein the shadows descending from above sweep on, equally
unknown and dim, is the gallery of the Dead!'

'And wherefore, said the voice of Arbaces, 'yon wandering lights, that
so wildly break the darkness; but only break, not reveal?'

'Dark fool of the human sciences! dreamer of the stars, and would-be
decipherer of the heart and origin of things! those lights are but the
glimmerings of such knowledge as is vouchsafed to Nature to work her
way, to trace enough of the past and future to give providence to her
designs. Judge, then, puppet as thou art, what lights are reserved for

Arbaces felt himself tremble as he asked again, 'Wherefore am I here?'

'It is the forecast of thy soul--the prescience of thy rushing doom--the
shadow of thy fate lengthening into eternity as declines from earth.'

Ere he could answer, Arbaces felt a rushing WIND sweep down the cavern,
as the winds of a giant god.  Borne aloft from the ground, and whirled
on high as a leaf in the storms of autumn, he beheld himself in the
midst of the Spectres of the Dead, and hurrying with them along the
length of gloom.  As in vain and impotent despair he struggled against
the impelling power, he thought the WIND grew into something like a
shape--a spectral outline of the wings and talons of an eagle, with
limbs floating far and indistinctly along the air, and eyes that, alone
clearly and vividly seen, glared stonily and remorselessly on his own.

'What art thou?' again said the voice of the Egyptian.

'I am That which thou hast acknowledged'; and the spectre laughed
aloud--'and my name is NECESSITY.'

'To what dost thou bear me?'

'To the Unknown.'

'To happiness or to woe?'

'As thou hast sown, so shalt thou reap.'

'Dread thing, not so!  If thou art the Ruler of Life, thine are my
misdeeds, not mine.'

'I am but the breath of God!' answered the mighty WIND.

'Then is my wisdom vain!' groaned the dreamer.

'The husbandman accuses not fate, when, having sown thistles, he reaps
not corn.  Thou hast sown crime, accuse not fate if thou reapest not the
harvest of virtue.'

The scene suddenly changed.  Arbaces was in a place of human bones; and
lo! in the midst of them was a skull, and the skull, still retaining its
fleshless hollows, assumed slowly, and in the mysterious confusion of a
dream, the face of Apaecides; and forth from the grinning jaws there
crept a small worm, and it crawled to the feet of Arbaces.  He attempted
to stamp on it and crush it; but it became longer and larger with that
attempt.  It swelled and bloated till it grew into a vast serpent: it
coiled itself round the limbs of Arbaces; it crunched his bones; it
raised its glaring eyes and poisonous jaws to his face.  He writhed in
vain; he withered--he gasped--beneath the influence of the blighting
breath--he felt himself blasted into death. And then a voice came from
the reptile, which still bore the face of Apaecides and rang in his
reeling ear:


With a shriek of wrath, and woe, and despairing resistance, Arbaces
awoke--his hair on end--his brow bathed in dew--his eyes glazed and
staring--his mighty frame quivering as an infant's, beneath the agony of
that dream.  He awoke--he collected himself--he blessed the gods whom he
disbelieved, that he was in a dream--he turned his eyes from side to
side--he saw the dawning light break through his small but lofty
window--he was in the Precincts of Day--he rejoiced--he smiled; his eyes
fell, and opposite to him he beheld the ghastly features, the lifeless
eye, the livid lip--of the hag of Vesuvius!

'Ha!' he cried, placing his hands before his eyes, as to shut out the
grisly vision, 'do I dream still?--Am I with the dead?'

'Mighty Hermes--no!  Thou art with one death-like, but not dead.
Recognize thy friend and slave.'

There was a long silence.  Slowly the shudders that passed over the
limbs of the Egyptian chased each other away, faintlier and faintlier
dying till he was himself again.

'It was a dream, then,' said he.  'Well--let me dream no more, or the
day cannot compensate for the pangs of night.  Woman, how camest thou
here, and wherefore?'

'I came to warn thee,' answered the sepulchral voice of the saga.

'Warn me!  The dream lied not, then?  Of what peril?'

'Listen to me.  Some evil hangs over this fated city.  Fly while it be
time. Thou knowest that I hold my home on that mountain beneath which
old tradition saith there yet burn the fires of the river of Phlegethon;
and in my cavern is a vast abyss, and in that abyss I have of late
marked a red and dull stream creep slowly, slowly on; and heard many and
mighty sounds hissing and roaring through the gloom.  But last night, as
I looked thereon, behold the stream was no longer dull, but intensely
and fiercely luminous; and while I gazed, the beast that liveth with me,
and was cowering by my side, uttered a shrill howl, and fell down and
died, and the slaver and froth were round his lips.  I crept back to my
lair; but I distinctly heard, all the night, the rock shake and tremble;
and, though the air was heavy and still, there were the hissing of pent
winds, and the grinding as of wheels, beneath the ground.  So, when I
rose this morning at the very birth of dawn, I looked again down the
abyss, and I saw vast fragments of stone borne black and floatingly over
the lurid stream; and the stream itself was broader, fiercer, redder
than the night before.  Then I went forth, and ascended to the summit of
the rock: and in that summit there appeared a sudden and vast hollow,
which I had never perceived before, from which curled a dim, faint
smoke; and the vapor was deathly, and I gasped, and sickened, and nearly
died.  I returned home.  I took my gold and my drugs, and left the
habitation of many years; for I remembered the dark Etruscan prophecy
which saith, "When the mountain opens, the city shall fall--when the
smoke crowns the Hill of the Parched Fields, there shall be woe and
weeping in the hearths of the Children of the Sea." Dread master, ere I
leave these walls for some more distant dwelling, I come to thee.  As
thou livest, know I in my heart that the earthquake that sixteen years
ago shook this city to its solid base, was but the forerunner of more
deadly doom.  The walls of Pompeii are built above the fields of the
Dead, and the rivers of the sleepless Hell.  Be warned and fly!'

'Witch, I thank thee for thy care of one not ungrateful.  On yon table
stands a cup of gold; take it, it is thine.  I dreamt not that there
lived one, out of the priesthood of Isis, who would have saved Arbaces
from destruction.  The signs thou hast seen in the bed of the extinct
volcano,' continued the Egyptian, musingly, 'surely tell of some coming
danger to the city; perhaps another earthquake--fiercer than the last.
Be that as it may, there is a new reason for my hastening from these
walls.  After this day I will prepare my departure.  Daughter of
Etruria, whither wendest thou?'

'I shall cross over to Herculaneum this day, and, wandering thence along
the coast, shall seek out a new home.  I am friendless: my two
companions, the fox and the snake, are dead.  Great Hermes, thou hast
promised me twenty additional years of life!'

'Aye,' said the Egyptian, 'I have promised thee.  But, woman,' he added,
lifting himself upon his arm, and gazing curiously on her face, 'tell
me, I pray thee, wherefore thou wishest to live?  What sweets dost thou
discover in existence?'

'It is not life that is sweet, but death that is awful,' replied the
hag, in a sharp, impressive tone, that struck forcibly upon the heart of
the vain star-seer.  He winced at the truth of the reply; and no longer
anxious to retain so uninviting a companion, he said, 'Time wanes; I
must prepare for the solemn spectacle of this day. Sister, farewell!
enjoy thyself as thou canst over the ashes of life.'

The hag, who had placed the costly gift of Arbaces in the loose folds of
her vest, now rose to depart.  When she had gained the door she paused,
turned back, and said, 'This may be the last time we meet on earth; but
whither flieth the flame when it leaves the ashes?--Wandering to and
fro, up and down, as an exhalation on the morass, the flame may be seen
in the marshes of the lake below; and the witch and the Magian, the
pupil and the master, the great one and the accursed one, may meet
again.  Farewell!'

'Out, croaker!' muttered Arbaces, as the door closed on the hag's
tattered robes; and, impatient of his own thoughts, not yet recovered
from the past dream, he hastily summoned his slaves.

It was the custom to attend the ceremonials of the amphitheatre in
festive robes, and Arbaces arrayed himself that day with more than usual
care.  His tunic was of the most dazzling white: his many fibulae were
formed from the most precious stones: over his tunic flowed a loose
eastern robe, half-gown, half-mantle, glowing in the richest hues of the
Tyrian dye; and the sandals, that reached half way up the knee, were
studded with gems, and inlaid with gold.  In the quackeries that
belonged to his priestly genius, Arbaces never neglected, on great
occasions, the arts which dazzle and impose upon the vulgar; and on this
day, that was for ever to release him, by the sacrifice of Glaucus, from
the fear of a rival and the chance of detection, he felt that he was
arraying himself as for a triumph or a nuptial feast.

It was customary for men of rank to be accompanied to the shows of the
amphitheatre by a procession of their slaves and freedmen; and the long
'family' of Arbaces were already arranged in order, to attend the litter
of their lord.

Only, to their great chagrin, the slaves in attendance on Ione, and the
worthy Sosia, as gaoler to Nydia, were condemned to remain at home.

'Callias,' said Arbaces, apart to his freedman, who was buckling on his
girdle, 'I am weary of Pompeii; I propose to quit it in three days,
should the wind favor.  Thou knowest the vessel that lies in the harbor
which belonged to Narses, of Alexandria; I have purchased it of him.
The day after tomorrow we shall begin to remove my stores.'

'So soon!  'Tis well.  Arbaces shall be obeyed--and his ward, Ione?'

'Accompanies me.  Enough!--Is the morning fair?'

'Dim and oppressive; it will probably be intensely hot in the forenoon.'

'The poor gladiators, and more wretched criminals!  Descend, and see
that the slaves are marshalled.'

Left alone, Arbaces stepped into his chamber of study, and thence upon
the portico without.  He saw the dense masses of men pouring fast into
the amphitheatre, and heard the cry of the assistants, and the cracking
of the cordage, as they were straining aloft the huge awning under which
the citizens, molested by no discomforting ray, were to behold, at
luxurious ease, the agonies of their fellow creatures.  Suddenly a wild
strange sound went forth, and as suddenly died away--it was the roar of
the lion.  There was a silence in the distant crowd; but the silence was
followed by joyous laughter--they were making merry at the hungry
impatience of the royal beast.

'Brutes!' muttered the disdainful Arbaces are ye less homicides than I
am? I slay but in self-defence--ye make murder pastime.'

He turned with a restless and curious eye, towards Vesuvius. Beautifully
glowed the green vineyards round its breast, and tranquil as eternity
lay in the breathless skies the form of the mighty hill.

'We have time yet, if the earthquake be nursing,' thought Arbaces; and
he turned from the spot.  He passed by the table which bore his mystic
scrolls and Chaldean calculations.

'August art!' he thought, 'I have not consulted thy decrees since I
passed the danger and the crisis they foretold.  What matter?--I know
that henceforth all in my path is bright and smooth. Have not events
already proved it?  Away, doubt--away, pity!  Reflect O my heart--
reflect, for the future, but two images--Empire and Ione!'

Chapter II


NYDIA, assured by the account of Sosia, on his return home, and
satisfied that her letter was in the hands of Sallust, gave herself up
once more to hope.  Sallust would surely lose no time in seeking the
praetor--in coming to the house of the Egyptian--in releasing her--in
breaking the prison of Calenus.  That very night Glaucus would be free.
Alas! the night passed--the dawn broke; she heard nothing but the
hurried footsteps of the slaves along the hall and peristyle, and their
voices in preparation for the show.  By-and-by, the commanding voice of
Arbaces broke on her ear--a flourish of music rung out cheerily: the
long procession were sweeping to the amphitheatre to glut their eyes on
the death-pangs of the Athenian!

The procession of Arbaces moved along slowly, and with much solemnity
till now, arriving at the place where it was necessary for such as came
in litters or chariots to alight, Arbaces descended from his vehicle,
and proceeded to the entrance by which the more distinguished spectators
were admitted.  His slaves, mingling with the humbler crowd, were
stationed by officers who received their tickets (not much unlike our
modern Opera ones), in places in the popularia (the seats apportioned to
the vulgar).  And now, from the spot where Arbaces sat, his eyes scanned
the mighty and impatient crowd that filled the stupendous theatre.

On the upper tier (but apart from the male spectators) sat women, their
gay dresses resembling some gaudy flower-bed; it is needless to add that
they were the most talkative part of the assembly; and many were the
looks directed up to them, especially from the benches appropriated to
the young and the unmarried men.  On the lower seats round the arena sat
the more high-born and wealthy visitors--the magistrates and those of
senatorial or equestrian dignity; the passages which, by corridors at
the right and left, gave access to these seats, at either end of the
oval arena, were also the entrances for the combatants.  Strong palings
at these passages prevented any unwelcome eccentricity in the movements
of the beasts, and confined them to their appointed prey.  Around the
parapet which was raised above the arena, and from which the seats
gradually rose, were gladiatorial inscriptions, and paintings wrought in
fresco, typical of the entertainments for which the place was designed.
Throughout the whole building wound invisible pipes, from which, as the
day advanced, cooling and fragrant showers were to be sprinkled over the
spectators.  The officers of the amphitheatre were still employed in the
task of fixing the vast awning (or velaria) which covered the whole, and
which luxurious invention the Campanians arrogated to themselves: it was
woven of the whitest Apulian wool, and variegated with broad stripes of
crimson.  Owing either to some inexperience on the part of the workmen,
or to some defect in the machinery, the awning, however, was not
arranged that day so happily as usual; indeed, from the immense space of
the circumference, the task was always one of great difficulty and
art--so much so, that it could seldom be adventured in rough or windy
weather.  But the present day was so remarkably still that there seemed
to the spectators no excuse for the awkwardness of the artificers; and
when a large gap in the back of the awning was still visible, from the
obstinate refusal of one part of the velaria to ally itself with the
rest, the murmurs of discontent were loud and general.

The aedile Pansa, at whose expense the exhibition was given, looked
particularly annoyed at the defect, and, vowed bitter vengeance on the
head of the chief officer of the show, who, fretting, puffing,
perspiring, busied himself in idle orders and unavailing threats.

The hubbub ceased suddenly--the operators desisted--the crowd were
stilled--the gap was forgotten--for now, with a loud and warlike
flourish of trumpets, the gladiators, marshalled in ceremonious
procession, entered the arena.  They swept round the oval space very
slowly and deliberately, in order to give the spectators full leisure to
admire their stern serenity of feature--their brawny limbs and various
arms, as well as to form such wagers as the excitement of the moment
might suggest.

'Oh!' cried the widow Fulvia to the wife of Pansa, as they leaned down
from their lofty bench, 'do you see that gigantic gladiator? how drolly
he is dressed!'

'Yes,' said the aedile's wife, with complacent importance, for she knew
all the names and qualities of each combatant; 'he is a retiarius or
netter; he is armed only, you see, with a three-pronged spear like a
trident, and a net; he wears no armor, only the fillet and the tunic.
He is a mighty man, and is to fight with Sporus, yon thick-set
gladiator, with the round shield and drawn sword, but without body
armor; he has not his helmet on now, in order that you may see his
face--how fearless it is!--by-and-by he will fight with his vizor down.'

'But surely a net and a spear are poor arms against a shield and sword?'

'That shows how innocent you are, my dear Fulvia; the retiarius has
generally the best of it.'

'But who is yon handsome gladiator, nearly naked--is it not quite
improper? By Venus! but his limbs are beautifully shaped!'

'It is Lydon, a young untried man! he has the rashness to fight yon
other gladiator similarly dressed, or rather undressed--Tetraides. They
fight first in the Greek fashion, with the cestus; afterwards they put
on armor, and try sword and shield.'

'He is a proper man, this Lydon; and the women, I am sure, are on his

'So are not the experienced betters; Clodius offers three to one against

'Oh, Jove! how beautiful!' exclaimed the widow, as two gladiators, armed
cap-a-pie, rode round the arena on light and prancing steeds. Resembling
much the combatants in the tilts of the middle age, they bore lances and
round shields beautifully inlaid: their armor was woven intricately with
bands of iron, but it covered only the thighs and the right arms; short
cloaks, extending to the seat, gave a picturesque and graceful air to
their costume; their legs were naked, with the exception of sandals,
which were fastened a little above the ankle.  'Oh, beautiful!  Who are
these?' asked the widow.

'The one is named Berbix--he has conquered twelve times; the other
assumes the arrogant name of Nobilior.  They are both Gauls.'

While thus conversing, the first formalities of the show were over.  To
these succeeded a feigned combat with wooden swords between the various
gladiators matched against each other.  Amongst these, the skill of two
Roman gladiators, hired for the occasion, was the most admired; and next
to them the most graceful combatant was Lydon.  This sham contest did
not last above an hour, nor did it attract any very lively interest,
except among those connoisseurs of the arena to whom art was preferable
to more coarse excitement; the body of the spectators were rejoiced when
it was over, and when the sympathy rose to terror.  The combatants were
now arranged in pairs, as agreed beforehand; their weapons examined; and
the grave sports of the day commenced amidst the deepest silence--broken
only by an exciting and preliminary blast of warlike music.

It was often customary to begin the sports by the most cruel of all, and
some bestiarius, or gladiator appointed to the beasts, was slain first,
as an initiatory sacrifice.  But in the present instance, the
experienced Pansa thought it better that the sanguinary drama should
advance, not decrease, in interest and, accordingly, the execution of
Olinthus and Glaucus was reserved for the last.  It was arranged that
the two horsemen should first occupy the arena; that the foot
gladiators, paired Off, should then be loosed indiscriminately on the
stage; that Glaucus and the lion should next perform their part in the
bloody spectacle; and the tiger and the Nazarene be the grand finale.
And, in the spectacles of Pompeii, the reader of Roman history must
limit his imagination, nor expect to find those vast and wholesale
exhibitions of magnificent slaughter with which a Nero or a Caligula
regaled the inhabitants of the Imperial City.  The Roman shows, which
absorbed the more celebrated gladiators, and the chief proportion of
foreign beasts, were indeed the very reason why, in the lesser towns of
the empire, the sports of the amphitheatre were comparatively humane and
rare; and in this, as in other respects, Pompeii was but the miniature,
the microcosm of Rome.  Still, it was an awful and imposing spectacle,
with which modern times have, happily, nothing to compare--a vast
theatre, rising row upon row, and swarming with human beings, from
fifteen to eighteen thousand in number, intent upon no fictitious
representation--no tragedy of the stage--but the actual victory or
defeat, the exultant life or the bloody death, of each and all who
entered the arena!

The two horsemen were now at either extremity of the lists (if so they
might be called); and, at a given signal from Pansa, the combatants
started simultaneously as in full collision, each advancing his round
buckler, each poising on high his light yet sturdy javelin; but just
when within three paces of his opponent, the steed of Berbix suddenly
halted, wheeled round, and, as Nobilior was borne rapidly by, his
antagonist spurred upon him.  The buckler of Nobilior, quickly and
skillfully extended, received a blow which otherwise would have been

'Well done, Nobilior!' cried the praetor, giving the first vent to the
popular excitement.

'Bravely struck, my Berbix!' answered Clodius from his seat.

And the wild murmur, swelled by many a shout, echoed from side to side.

The vizors of both the horsemen were completely closed (like those of
the knights in after times), but the head was, nevertheless, the great
point of assault; and Nobilior, now wheeling his charger with no less
adroitness than his opponent, directed his spear full on the helmet of
his foe.  Berbix raised his buckler to shield himself, and his
quick-eyed antagonist, suddenly lowering his weapon, pierced him through
the breast.  Berbix reeled and fell.

'Nobilior! Nobilior!' shouted the populace.

'I have lost ten sestertia,' said Clodius, between his teeth.

'Habet!--he has it,' said Pansa, deliberately.

The populace, not yet hardened into cruelty, made the signal of mercy;
but as the attendants of the arena approached, they found the kindness
came too late--the heart of the Gaul had been pierced, and his eyes were
set in death.  It was his life's blood that flowed so darkly over the
sand and sawdust of the arena.

'It is a pity it was so soon over--there was little enough for one's
trouble,' said the widow Fulvia.

'Yes--I have no compassion for Berbix.  Any one might have seen that
Nobilior did but feint.  Mark, they fix the fatal hook to the body--they
drag him away to the spoliarium--they scatter new sand over the stage!
Pansa regrets nothing more than that he is not rich enough to strew the
arena with borax and cinnabar, as Nero used to do.'

'Well, if it has been a brief battle, it is quickly succeeded.  See my
handsome Lydon on the arena--ay--and the net-bearer too, and the
swordsmen! oh, charming!'

There were now on the arena six combatants: Niger and his net, matched
against Sporus with his shield and his short broadsword; Lydon and
Tetraides, naked save by a cincture round the waist, each armed only
with a heavy Greek cestus--and two gladiators from Rome, clad in
complete steel, and evenly matched with immense bucklers and pointed

The initiatory contest between Lydon and Tetraides being less deadly
than that between the other combatants, no sooner had they advanced to
the middle of the arena than, as by common consent, the rest held back,
to see how that contest should be decided, and wait till fiercer weapons
might replace the cestus, ere they themselves commenced hostilities.
They stood leaning on their arms and apart from each other, gazing on
the show, which, if not bloody enough, thoroughly to please the
populace, they were still inclined to admire, because its origin was of
their ancestral Greece.

No person could, at first glance, have seemed less evenly matched than
the two antagonists.  Tetraides, though not taller than Lydon, weighed
considerably more; the natural size of his muscles was increased, to the
eyes of the vulgar, by masses of solid flesh; for, as it was a notion
that the contest of the cestus fared easiest with him who was plumpest,
Tetraides had encouraged to the utmost his hereditary predisposition to
the portly. His shoulders were vast, and his lower limbs thick-set,
double-jointed, and slightly curved outward, in that formation which
takes so much from beauty to give so largely to strength.  But Lydon,
except that he was slender even almost to meagreness, was beautifully
and delicately proportioned; and the skilful might have perceived that,
with much less compass of muscle than his foe, that which he had was
more seasoned--iron and compact.  In proportion, too, as he wanted
flesh, he was likely to possess activity; and a haughty smile on his
resolute face which strongly contrasted the solid heaviness of his
enemy's, gave assurance to those who beheld it, and united their hope to
their pity: so that, despite the disparity of their seeming strength,
the cry of the multitude was nearly as loud for Lydon as for Tetraides.

Whoever is acquainted with the modern prize-ring--whoever has witnessed
the heavy and disabling strokes which the human fist, skillfully
directed, hath the power to bestow--may easily understand how much that
happy facility would be increased by a band carried by thongs of leather
round the arm as high as the elbow, and terribly strengthened about the
knuckles by a plate of iron, and sometimes a plummet of lead.  Yet this,
which was meant to increase, perhaps rather diminished, the interest of
the fray: for it necessarily shortened its duration.  A very few blows,
successfully and scientifically planted, might suffice to bring the
contest to a close; and the battle did not, therefore, often allow full
scope for the energy, fortitude and dogged perseverance, that we
technically style pluck, which not unusually wins the day against
superior science, and which heightens to so painful a delight the
interest in the battle and the sympathy for the brave.

'Guard thyself!' growled Tetraides, moving nearer and nearer to his foe,
who rather shifted round him than receded.

Lydon did not answer, save by a scornful glance of his quick, vigilant
eye. Tetraides struck--it was as the blow of a smith on a vice; Lydon
sank suddenly on one knee--the blow passed over his head.  Not so
harmless was Lydon's retaliation: he quickly sprung to his feet, and
aimed his cestus full on the broad breast of his antagonist.  Tetraides
reeled--the populace shouted.

'You are unlucky to-day,' said Lepidus to Clodius: 'you have lost one
bet----you will lose another.'

'By the gods! my bronzes go to the auctioneer if that is the case. I
have no less than a hundred sestertia upon Tetraides.  Ha, ha! see how
he rallies! That was a home stroke: he has cut open Lydon's shoulder.  A
Tetraides!--a Tetraides!'

'But Lydon is not disheartened.  By Pollux! how well he keeps his
temper. See how dexterously he avoids those hammer-like hands!--dodging
now here, now there--circling round and round.  Ah, poor Lydon! he has
it again.'

'Three to one still on Tetraides!  What say you, Lepidus?'

'Well, nine sestertia to three--be it so!  What! again, Lydon?  He
stops--he gasps for breath.  By the gods, he is down.  No--he is again
on his legs. Brave Lydon! Tetraides is encouraged--he laughs loud--he
rushes on him.'

'Fool--success blinds him--he should be cautious.  Lydon's eye is like
the lynx's,' said Clodius, between his teeth.

'Ha, Clodius! saw you that?  Your man totters!  Another blow--he
falls--he falls!'

'Earth revives him, then.  He is once more up; but the blood rolls down
his face.'

'By the thunderer! Lydon wins it.  See how he presses on him! That blow
on the temple would have crushed an ox! it has crushed Tetraides.  He
falls again--he cannot move--habet!--habet!'

'Habet!' repeated Pansa.  'Take them out and give them the armor and

'Noble editor,' said the officers, 'we fear that Tetraides will not
recover in time; howbeit, we will try.'

'Do so.'

In a few minutes the officers, who had dragged off the stunned and
insensible gladiator, returned with rueful countenances.  They feared
for his life; he was utterly incapacitated from re-entering the arena.

'In that case,' said Pansa, 'hold Lydon a subdititius; and the first
gladiator that is vanquished, let Lydon supply his place with the
victor.' The people shouted their applause at this sentence: then they
again sunk into deep silence.  The trumpet sounded loudly. The four
combatants stood each against each in prepared and stern array.

'Dost thou recognize the Romans, my Clodius; are they among the
celebrated, or are they merely ordinary?'

'Eumolpus is a good second-rate swordsman, my Lepidus.  Nepimus, the
lesser man, I have never seen before: but he is the son of one of the
imperial fiscales, and brought up in a proper school; doubtless they
will show sport, but I have no heart for the game; I cannot win back my
money--I am undone. Curses on that Lydon! who could have supposed he was
so dexterous or so lucky?'

'Well, Clodius, shall I take compassion on you, and accept your own
terms with these Romans?'

'An even ten sestertia on Eumolpus, then?'

'What! when Nepimus is untried?  Nay, nay; that is to bad.'

'Well--ten to eight?'


While the contest in the amphitheatre had thus commenced, there was one
in the loftier benches for whom it had assumed, indeed, a poignant--a
stifling interest.  The aged father of Lydon, despite his Christian
horror of the spectacle, in his agonized anxiety for his son, had not
been able to resist being the spectator of his fate. One amidst a fierce
crowd of strangers--the lowest rabble of the populace--the old man saw,
felt nothing, but the form--the presence of his brave son!  Not a sound
had escaped his lips when twice he had seen him fall to the earth--only
he had turned paler, and his limbs trembled.  But he had uttered one low
cry when he saw him victorious; unconscious, alas! of the more fearful
battle to which that victory was but a prelude.

'My gallant boy!' said he, and wiped his eyes.

'Is he thy son said a brawny fellow to the right of the Nazarene; 'he
has fought well: let us see how he does by-and-by.  Hark! he is to fight
the first victor.  Now, old boy, pray the gods that that victor be
neither of the Romans! nor, next to them, the giant Niger.'

The old man sat down again and covered his face.  The fray for the
moment was indifferent to him--Lydon was not one of the combatants.
Yet--yet--the thought flashed across him--the fray was indeed of deadly
interest--the first who fell was to make way for Lydon!  He started, and
bent down, with straining eyes and clasped hands, to view the encounter.

The first interest was attracted towards the combat of Niger with
Sporus; for this species of contest, from the fatal result which usually
attended it, and from the great science it required in either
antagonist, was always peculiarly inviting to the spectators.

They stood at a considerable distance from each other.  The singular
helmet which Sporus wore (the vizor of which was down) concealed his
face; but the features of Niger attracted a fearful and universal
interest from their compressed and vigilant ferocity. Thus they stood
for some moments, each eyeing each, until Sporus began slowly, and with
great caution, to advance, holding his sword pointed, like a modern
fencer's, at the breast of his foe. Niger retreated as his antagonist
advanced, gathering up his net with his right hand, and never taking his
small glittering eye from the movements of the swordsman.  Suddenly when
Sporus had approached nearly at arm's length, the retiarius threw
himself forward, and cast his net.  A quick inflection of body saved the
gladiator from the deadly snare! he uttered a sharp cry of joy and rage,
and rushed upon Niger: but Niger had already drawn in his net, thrown it
across his shoulders, and now fled round the lists with a swiftness
which the secutor in vain endeavored to equal.  The people laughed and
shouted aloud, to see the ineffectual efforts of the broad-shouldered
gladiator to overtake the flying giant: when, at that moment, their
attention was turned from these to the two Roman combatants.

They had placed themselves at the onset face to face, at the distance of
modern fencers from each other: but the extreme caution which both
evinced at first had prevented any warmth of engagement, and allowed the
spectators full leisure to interest themselves in the battle between
Sporus and his foe.  But the Romans were now heated into full and fierce
encounter: they pushed--returned--advanced on--retreated from each other
with all that careful yet scarcely perceptible caution which
characterizes men well experienced and equally matched.  But at this
moment, Eumolpus, the elder gladiator, by that dexterous back-stroke
which was considered in the arena so difficult to avoid, had wounded
Nepimus in the side.  The people shouted; Lepidus turned pale.

'Ho!' said Clodius, 'the game is nearly over.  If Eumolpus fights now
the quiet fight, the other will gradually bleed himself away.'

'But, thank the gods! he does not fight the backward fight. See!--he
presses hard upon Nepimus.  By Mars! but Nepimus had him there! the
helmet rang again!--Clodius, I shall win!'

'Why do I ever bet but at the dice?' groaned Clodius to himself;--or why
cannot one cog a gladiator?'

'A Sporus!--a Sporus!' shouted the populace, as Niger having now
suddenly paused, had again cast his net, and again unsuccessfully. He
had not retreated this time with sufficient agility--the sword of Sporus
had inflicted a severe wound upon his right leg; and, incapacitated to
fly, he was pressed hard by the fierce swordsman.  His great height and
length of arm still continued, however, to give him no despicable
advantages; and steadily keeping his trident at the front of his foe, he
repelled him successfully for several minutes. Sporus now tried, by
great rapidity of evolution, to get round his antagonist, who
necessarily moved with pain and slowness.  In so doing, he lost his
caution--he advanced too near to the giant--raised his arm to strike,
and received the three points of the fatal spear full in his breast!  He
sank on his knee.  In a moment more, the deadly net was cast over him,
he struggled against its meshes in vain; again--again--again he writhed
mutely beneath the fresh strokes of the trident--his blood flowed fast
through the net and redly over the sand.  He lowered his arms in
acknowledgment of defeat.

The conquering retiarius withdrew his net, and leaning on his spear,
looked to the audience for their judgement.  Slowly, too, at the same
moment, the vanquished gladiator rolled his dim and despairing eyes
around the theatre. From row to row, from bench to bench, there glared
upon him but merciless and unpitying eyes.

Hushed was the roar--the murmur!  The silence was dread, for it was no
sympathy; not a hand--no, not even a woman's hand--gave the signal of
charity and life!  Sporus had never been popular in the arena; and,
lately, the interest of the combat had been excited on behalf of the
wounded Niger. The people were warmed into blood--the mimic fight had
ceased to charm; the interest had mounted up to the desire of sacrifice
and the thirst of death!

The gladiator felt that his doom was sealed: he uttered no prayer--no
groan. The people gave the signal of death!  In dogged but agonized
submission, he bent his neck to receive the fatal stroke.  And now, as
the spear of the retiarius was not a weapon to inflict instant and
certain death, there stalked into the arena a grim and fatal form,
brandishing a short, sharp sword, and with features utterly concealed
beneath its vizor.  With slow and measured steps, this dismal headsman
approached the gladiator, still kneeling--laid the left hand on his
humbled crest--drew the edge of the blade across his neck--turned round
to the assembly, lest, in the last moment, remorse should come upon
them; the dread signal continued the same: the blade glittered brightly
in the air--fell--and the gladiator rolled upon the sand; his limbs
quivered--were still--he was a corpse.'

His body was dragged at once from the arena through the gate of death,
and thrown into the gloomy den termed technically the spoliarium.  And
ere it had well reached that destination, the strife between the
remaining combatants was decided.  The sword of Eumolpus had inflicted
the death-wound upon the less experienced combatant.  A new victim was
added to the receptacle of the slain.

Throughout that mighty assembly there now ran a universal movement; the
people breathed more freely, and resettled themselves in their seats.  A
grateful shower was cast over every row from the concealed conduits.  In
cool and luxurious pleasure they talked over the late spectacle of
blood. Eumolpus removed his helmet, and wiped his brows; his
close-curled hair and short beard, his noble Roman features and bright
dark eye attracted the general admiration.  He was fresh, unwounded,

The editor paused, and proclaimed aloud that, as Niger's wound disabled
him from again entering the arena, Lydon was to be the successor to the
slaughtered Nepimus, and the new combatant of Eumolpus.

'Yet, Lydon,' added he, 'if thou wouldst decline the combat with one so
brave and tried, thou mayst have full liberty to do so. Eumolpus is not
the antagonist that was originally decreed for thee. Thou knowest best
how far thou canst cope with him.  If thou failest, thy doom is
honorable death; if thou conquerest, out of my own purse I will double
the stipulated prize.'

The people shouted applause.  Lydon stood in the lists, he gazed around;
high above he beheld the pale face, the straining eyes, of his father.
He turned away irresolute for a moment.  No! the conquest of the cestus
was not sufficient--he had not yet won the prize of victory--his father
was still a slave!

'Noble aedile!' he replied, in a firm and deep tone, 'I shrink not from
this combat.  For the honour of Pompeii, I demand that one trained by
its long-celebrated lanista shall do battle with this Roman.'

The people shouted louder than before.

'Four to one against Lydon!' said Clodius to Lepidus.

'I would not take twenty to one!  Why, Eumolpus is a very Achilles, and
this poor fellow is but a tyro!'

Eumolpus gazed hard on the face of Lydon; he smiled; yet the smile was
followed by a slight and scarce audible sigh--a touch of compassionate
emotion, which custom conquered the moment the heart acknowledged it.

And now both, clad in complete armor, the sword drawn, the vizor closed,
the two last combatants of the arena (ere man, at least, was matched
with beast), stood opposed to each other.

It was just at this time that a letter was delivered to the proctor by
one of the attendants of the arena; he removed the cincture--glanced
over it for a moment--his countenance betrayed surprise and
embarrassment.  He re-read the letter, and then muttering--'Tush! it is
impossible!--the man must be drunk, even in the morning, to dream of
such follies!'--threw it carelessly aside, and gravely settled himself
once more in the attitude of attention to the sports.

The interest of the public was wound up very high.  Eumolpus had at
first won their favor; but the gallantry of Lydon, and his well-timed
allusion to the honour of the Pompeian lanista, had afterwards given the
latter the preference in their eyes.

'Holla, old fellow!' said Medon's neighbor to him.  'Your son is hardly
matched; but never fear, the editor will not permit him to be slain--no,
nor the people neither; he has behaved too bravely for that.  Ha! that
was a home thrust!--well averted, by Pollux!  At him again, Lydon!--they
stop to breathe.  What art thou muttering, old boy

'Prayers!' answered Medon, with a more calm and hopeful mien than he had
yet maintained.

'Prayers!--trifles!  The time for gods to carry a man away in a cloud is
gone now.  Ha! Jupiter! what a blow!  Thy side--thy side!--take care of
thy side, Lydon!'

There was a convulsive tremor throughout the assembly.  A fierce blow
from Eumolpus, full on the crest, had brought Lydon to his knee.

'Habet!--he has it!' cried a shrill female voice; 'he has it!' It was
the voice of the girl who had so anxiously anticipated the sacrifice of
some criminal to the beasts.

'Be silent, child!' said the wife of Pansa, haughtily.  'Non habet!--he
is not wounded!'

'I wish he were, if only to spite old surly Medon,' muttered the girl.

Meanwhile Lydon, who had hitherto defended himself with great skill and
valor, began to give way before the vigorous assaults of the practised
Roman; his arm grew tired, his eye dizzy, he breathed hard and
painfully. The combatants paused again for breath.

'Young man,' said Eumolpus, in a low voice, 'desist; I will wound thee
slightly--then lower thy arms; thou hast propitiated the editor and the
mob--thou wilt be honorably saved!'

'And my father still enslaved!' groaned Lydon to himself.  'No! death or
his freedom.'

At that thought, and seeing that, his strength not being equal to the
endurance of the Roman, everything depended on a sudden and desperate
effort, he threw himself fiercely on Eumolpus; the Roman warily
retreated--Lydon thrust again--Eumolpus drew himself aside--the sword
grazed his cuirass--Lydon's breast was exposed--the Roman plunged his
sword through the joints of the armor, not meaning, however, to inflict
a deep wound; Lydon, weak and exhausted, fell forward, fell right on the
point: it passed through and through, even to the back.  Eumolpus drew
forth his blade; Lydon still made an effort to regain his balance--his
sword left his grasp--he struck mechanically at the gladiator with his
naked hand, and fell prostrate on the arena.  With one accord, editor
and assembly made the signal of mercy--the officers of the arena
approached--they took off the helmet of the vanquished.  He still
breathed; his eyes rolled fiercely on his foe; the savageness he had
acquired in his calling glared from his gaze, and lowered upon the brow
darkened already with the shades of death; then, with a convulsive
groan, with a half start, he lifted his eyes above.  They rested not on
the face of the editor nor on the pitying brows of his relenting judges.
He saw them not; they were as if the vast space was desolate and bare;
one pale agonizing face alone was all he recognized--one cry of a broken
heart was all that, amidst the murmurs and the shouts of the populace,
reached his ear.  The ferocity vanished from his brow; a soft, a tender
expression of sanctifying but despairing love played over his
features--played--waned--darkened!  His face suddenly became locked and
rigid, resuming its former fierceness.  He fell upon the earth.

'Look to him,' said the aedile; 'he has done his duty!'

The officers dragged him off to the spoliarium.

'A true type of glory, and of its fate!' murmured Arbaces to himself,
and his eye, glancing round the amphitheatre, betrayed so much of
disdain and scorn, that whoever encountered it felt his breath suddenly
arrested, and his emotions frozen into one sensation of abasement and of

Again rich perfumes were wafted around the theatre; the attendants
sprinkled fresh sand over the arena.

'Bring forth the lion and Glaucus the Athenian,' said the editor.

And a deep and breathless hush of overwrought interest, and intense
(yet, strange to say, not unpleasing) terror lay, like a mighty and
awful dream, over the assembly.

Chapter III


THRICE had Sallust awakened from his morning sleep, and thrice,
recollecting that his friend was that day to perish, had he turned
himself with a deep sigh once more to court oblivion.  His sole object
in life was to avoid pain; and where he could not avoid, at least to
forget it.

At length, unable any longer to steep his consciousness in slumber, he
raised himself from his incumbent posture, and discovered his favorite
freedman sitting by his bedside as usual; for Sallust, who, as I have
said, had a gentlemanlike taste for the polite letters, was accustomed
to be read to for an hour or so previous to his rising in the morning.

'No books to-day! no more Tibullus! no more Pindar for me!  Pindar!
alas, alas! the very name recalls those games to which our arena is the
savage successor.  Has it begun--the amphitheatre? are its rites

'Long since, O Sallust!  Did you not hear the trumpets and the trampling

'Ay, ay; but the gods be thanked, I was drowsy, and had only to turn
round to fall asleep again.'

'The gladiators must have been long in the ring.'

'The wretches!  None of my people have gone to the spectacle?'

'Assuredly not; your orders were too strict.'

'That is well--would the day were over!  What is that letter yonder on
the table?'

'That!  Oh, the letter brought to you last night, when you

'Drunk to read it, I suppose.  No matter, it cannot be of much

'Shall I open it for you, Sallust,'

'Do: anything to divert my thoughts.  Poor Glaucus!'

The freedman opened the letter.  'What! Greek?' said he: some learned
lady, I suppose.' He glanced over the letter, and for some moments the
irregular lines traced by the blind girl's hand puzzled him.  Suddenly,
however, his countenance exhibited emotion and surprise.  'Good gods!
noble Sallust! what have we done not to attend to this before?  Hear me

'"Nydia, the slave, to Sallust, the friend of Glaucus!  I am a prisoner
in the house of Arbaces.  Hasten to the praetor! procure my release, and
we shall yet save Glaucus from the lion.  There is another prisoner
within these walls, whose witness can exonerate the Athenian from the
charge against him--one who saw the crime--who can prove the criminal in
a villain hitherto unsuspected.  Fly! hasten! quick! quick!  Bring with
you armed men, lest resistance be made, and a cunning and dexterous
smith; for the dungeon of my fellow-prisoner is thick and strong.  Oh!
by thy right hand and thy father's ashes, lose not a moment!"'

'Great Jove!' exclaimed Sallust, starting, 'and this day--nay, within
this hour, perhaps, he dies.  What is to be done?  I will instantly to
the praetor.'

'Nay; not so.  The praetor (as well as Pansa, the editor himself) is the
creature of the mob; and the mob will not hear of delay; they will not
be balked in the very moment of expectation.  Besides, the publicity of
the appeal would forewarn the cunning Egyptian.  It is evident that he
has some interest in these concealments.  No; fortunately thy slaves are
in thy house.'

'I seize thy meaning,' interrupted Sallust: 'arm the slaves instantly.
The streets are empty.  We will ourselves hasten to the house of
Arbaces, and release the prisoners.  Quick! quick!  What ho! Davus
there!  My gown and sandals, the papyrus and a reed.' I will write to
the praetor, to beseech him to delay the sentence of Glaucus, for that,
within an hour, we may yet prove him innocent.  So, so, that is well.
Hasten with this, Davus, to the praetor, at the amphitheatre.  See it
given to his own hand.  Now then, O ye gods! whose providence Epicurus
denied, befriend me, and I will call Epicurus a liar!'

Chapter IV

GLAUCUS and Olinthus had been placed together in that gloomy and narrow
cell in which the criminals of the arena awaited their last and fearful
struggle. Their eyes, of late accustomed to the darkness, scanned the
faces of each other in this awful hour, and by that dim light, the
paleness, which chased away the natural hues from either cheek, assumed
a yet more ashy and ghastly whiteness.  Yet their brows were erect and
dauntless--their limbs did not tremble--their lips were compressed and
rigid.  The religion of the one, the pride of the other, the conscious
innocence of both, and, it may be, the support derived from their mutual
companionship, elevated the victim into the hero.

'Hark! hearest thou that shout They are growling over their human
blood,' said Olinthus.

'I hear; my heart grows sick; but the gods support me.'

'The gods!  O rash young man!  in this hour recognize only the One God.
Have I not taught thee in the dungeon, wept for thee, prayed for
thee?--in my zeal and in my agony, have I not thought more of thy
salvation than my own?'

'Brave friend!' answered Glaucus, solemnly, 'I have listened to thee
with awe, with wonder, and with a secret tendency towards conviction.
Had our lives been spared, I might gradually have weaned myself from the
tenets of my own faith, and inclined to thine; but, in this last hour it
were a craven thing, and a base, to yield to hasty terror what should
only be the result of lengthened meditation.  Were I to embrace thy
creed, and cast down my father's gods, should I not be bribed by thy
promise of heaven, or awed by thy threats of hell? Olinthus, no!  Think
we of each other with equal charity--I honoring thy sincerity--thou
pitying my blindness or my obdurate courage.  As have been my deeds,
such will be my reward; and the Power or Powers above will not judge
harshly of human error, when it is linked with honesty of purpose and
truth of heart.  Speak we no more of this.  Hush! Dost thou hear them
drag yon heavy body through the passage?  Such as that clay will be ours

'O Heaven!  O Christ! already I behold ye!' cried the fervent Olinthus,
lifting up his hands; 'I tremble not--I rejoice that the prison-house
shall be soon broken.'

Glaucus bowed his head in silence.  He felt the distinction between his
fortitude and that of his fellow-sufferer.  The heathen did not tremble;
but the Christian exulted.

The door swung gratingly back--the gleam of spears shot along the walls.

'Glaucus the Athenian, thy time has come,' said a loud and clear voice;
'the lion awaits thee.'

'I am ready,' said the Athenian.  'Brother and co-mate, one last
embrace! Bless me--and farewell!'

The Christian opened his arms--he clasped the young heathen to his
breast--he kissed his forehead and cheek--he sobbed aloud--his tears
flowed fast and hot over the features of his new friend.

'Oh! could I have converted thee, I had not wept.  Oh! that I might say
to thee, "We two shall sup this night in Paradise!"'

'It may be so yet,' answered the Greek, with a tremulous voice. 'They
whom death part not, may meet yet beyond the grave: on the earth--on the
beautiful, the beloved earth, farewell for ever!--Worthy officer, I
attend you.'

Glaucus tore himself away; and when he came forth into the air, its
breath, which, though sunless, was hot and arid, smote witheringly upon
him.  His frame, not yet restored from the effects of the deadly
draught, shrank and trembled.  The officers supported him.

'Courage!' said one; 'thou art young, active, well knit.  They give thee
a weapon! despair not, and thou mayst yet conquer.'

Glaucus did not reply; but, ashamed of his infirmity, he made a
desperate and convulsive effort, and regained the firmness of his
nerves.  They anointed his body, completely naked, save by a cincture
round the loins, placed the stilus (vain weapon!) in his hand, and led
him into the arena.

And now when the Greek saw the eyes of thousands and tens of thousands
upon him, he no longer felt that he was mortal.  All evidence of
fear--all fear itself--was gone.  A red and haughty flush spread over
the paleness of his features--he towered aloft to the full of his
glorious stature.  In the elastic beauty of his limbs and form, in his
intent but unfrowning brow, in the high disdain, and in the indomitable
soul, which breathed visibly, which spoke audibly, from his attitude,
his lip, his eye--he seemed the very incarnation, vivid and corporeal,
of the valor of his land--of the divinity of its worship--at once a hero
and a god!

The murmur of hatred and horror at his crime, which had greeted his
entrance, died into the silence of involuntary admiration and
half-compassionate respect; and with a quick and convulsive sigh, that
seemed to move the whole mass of life as if it were one body, the gaze
of the spectators turned from the Athenian to a dark uncouth object in
the centre of the arena.  It was the grated den of the lion!

'By Venus, how warm it is!' said Fulvia; 'yet there is no sun. Would
that those stupid sailors could have fastened up that gap in the

'Oh! it is warm, indeed.  I turn sick--I faint!' said the wife of Pansa;
even her experienced stoicism giving way at the struggle about to take

The lion had been kept without food for twenty-four hours, and the
animal had, during the whole morning, testified a singular and restless
uneasiness, which the keeper had attributed to the pangs of hunger.  Yet
its bearing seemed rather that of fear than of rage; its roar was
painful and distressed; it hung its head--snuffed the air through the
bars--then lay down--started again--and again uttered its wild and
far-resounding cries. And now, in its den, it lay utterly dumb and mute,
with distended nostrils forced hard against the grating, and disturbing
with a heaving breath, the sand below on the arena.

The editor's lip quivered, and his cheek grew pale; he looked anxiously
around--hesitated--delayed; the crowd became impatient. Slowly he gave
the sign; the keeper, who was behind the den, cautiously removed the
grating, and the lion leaped forth with a mighty and glad roar of
release.  The keeper hastily retreated through the grated passage
leading from the arena, and left the lord of the forest--and his prey.

Glaucus had bent his limbs so as to give himself the firmest posture at
the expected rush of the lion, with his small and shining weapon raised
on high, in the faint hope that one well-directed thrust (for he knew
that he should have time but for one) might penetrate through the eye to
the brain of his grim foe.

But, to the unutterable astonishment of all, the beast seemed not even
aware of the presence of the criminal.

At the first moment of its release it halted abruptly in the arena,
raised itself half on end, snuffing the upward air with impatient sighs;
then suddenly it sprang forward, but not on the Athenian.  At half-speed
it circled round and round the space, turning its vast head from side to
side with an anxious and perturbed gaze, as if seeking only some avenue
of escape; once or twice it endeavored to leap up the parapet that
divided it from the audience, and, on failing, uttered rather a baffled
howl than its deep-toned and kingly roar.  It evinced no sign, either of
wrath or hunger; its tail drooped along the sand, instead of lashing its
gaunt sides; and its eye, though it wandered at times to Glaucus, rolled
again listlessly from him.  At length, as if tired of attempting to
escape, it crept with a moan into its cage, and once more laid itself
down to rest.

The first surprise of the assembly at the apathy of the lion soon grew
converted into resentment at its cowardice; and the populace already
merged their pity for the fate of Glaucus into angry compassion for
their own disappointment.

The editor called to the keeper.

'How is this?  Take the goad, prick him forth, and then close the door
of the den.'

As the keeper, with some fear, but more astonishment, was preparing to
obey, a loud cry was heard at one of the entrances of the arena; there
was a confusion, a bustle--voices of remonstrance suddenly breaking
forth, and suddenly silenced at the reply.  All eyes turned in wonder at
the interruption, towards the quarter of the disturbance; the crowd gave
way, and suddenly Sallust appeared on the senatorial benches, his hair
disheveled--breathless--heated--half-exhausted.  He cast his eyes
hastily round the ring.  'Remove the Athenian,' he cried; 'haste--he is
innocent! Arrest Arbaces the Egyptian--HE is the murderer of Apaecides!'

'Art thou mad, O Sallust!' said the praetor, rising from his seat. 'What
means this raving?'

'Remove the Athenian!--Quick! or his blood be on your head. Praetor,
delay, and you answer with your own life to the emperor!  I bring with
me the eye-witness to the death of the priest Apaecides. Room
there!--stand back!--give way!  People of Pompeii, fix every eye upon
Arbaces--there he sits!  Room there for the priest Calenus!'

Pale, haggard, fresh from the jaws of famine and of death, his face
fallen, his eyes dull as a vulture's, his broad frame gaunt as a
skeleton--Calenus was supported into the very row in which Arbaces sat.
His releasers had given him sparingly of food; but the chief sustenance
that nerved his feeble limbs was revenge!

'The priest Calenus!--Calenus!' cried the mob.  'Is it he?  No--it is a
dead man?'

'It is the priest Calenus,' said the praetor, gravely.  'What hast thou
to say?'

'Arbaces of Egypt is the murderer of Apaecides, the priest of Isis;
these eyes saw him deal the blow.  It is from the dungeon into which he
plunged me--it is from the darkness and horror of a death by
famine--that the gods have raised me to proclaim his crime!  Release the
Athenian--he is innocent!'

'It is for this, then, that the lion spared him.  A miracle! a miracle!'
cried Pansa.

'A miracle; a miracle!' shouted the people; 'remove the
Athenian--Arbaces to the lion!'

And that shout echoed from hill to vale--from coast to sea--'Arbaces to
the lion!'

Officers, remove the accused Glaucus--remove, but guard him yet,' said
the praetor.  'The gods lavish their wonders upon this day.'

As the praetor gave the word of release, there was a cry of joy--a
female voice--a child's voice--and it was of joy!  It rang through the
heart of the assembly with electric force--it, was touching, it was
holy, that child's voice!  And the populace echoed it back with
sympathizing congratulation!

'Silence!' said the grave praetor--'who is there?'

'The blind girl--Nydia,' answered Sallust; 'it is her hand that has
raised Calenus from the grave, and delivered Glaucus from the lion.'

'Of this hereafter,' said the praetor.  'Calenus, priest of Isis, thou
accusest Arbaces of the murder of Apaecides?'

'I do.'

'Thou didst behold the deed?'

'Praetor--with these eyes...'

'Enough at present--the details must be reserved for more suiting time
and place.  Arbaces of Egypt, thou hearest the charge against thee--thou
hast not yet spoken--what hast thou to say.

The gaze of the crowd had been long riveted on Arbaces: but not until
the confusion which he had betrayed at the first charge of Sallust and
the entrance of Calenus had subsided.  At the shout, 'Arbaces to the
lion!' he had indeed trembled, and the dark bronze of his cheek had
taken a paler hue. But he had soon recovered his haughtiness and
self-control.  Proudly he returned the angry glare of the countless eyes
around him; and replying now to the question of the praetor, he said, in
that accent so peculiarly tranquil and commanding, which characterized
his tones:

'Praetor, this charge is so mad that it scarcely deserves reply. My
first accuser is the noble Sallust--the most intimate friend of Glaucus!
my second is a priest; I revere his garb and calling--but, people of
Pompeii! ye know somewhat of the character of Calenus--he is griping and
gold-thirsty to a proverb; the witness of such men is to be bought!
Praetor, I am innocent!'

'Sallust,' said the magistrate, 'where found you Calenus?'

'In the dungeons of Arbaces.'

'Egyptian,' said the praetor, frowning, 'thou didst, then, dare to
imprison a priest of the gods--and wherefore?'

'Hear me,' answered Arbaces, rising calmly, but with agitation visible
in his face.  'This man came to threaten that he would make against me
the charge he has now made, unless I would purchase his silence with
half my fortune: I remonstrated--in vain.  Peace there--let not the
priest interrupt me!  Noble praetor--and ye, O people!  I was a stranger
in the land--I knew myself innocent of crime--but the witness of a
priest against me might yet destroy me.  In my perplexity I decoyed him
to the cell whence he has been released, on pretence that it was the
coffer-house of my gold.  I resolved to detain him there until the fate
of the true criminal was sealed, and his threats could avail no longer;
but I meant no worse.  I may have erred--but who amongst ye will not
acknowledge the equity of self-preservation?  Were I guilty, why was the
witness of this priest silent at the trial?--then I had not detained or
concealed him.  Why did he not proclaim my guilt when I proclaimed that
of Glaucus? Praetor, this needs an answer.  For the rest, I throw myself
on your laws.  I demand their protection.  Remove hence the accused and
the accuser.  I will willingly meet, and cheerfully abide by, the
decision of the legitimate tribunal.  This is no place for further

'He says right,' said the praetor.  'Ho! guards--remove Arbaces--guard
Calenus!  Sallust, we hold you responsible for your accusation. Let the
sports be resumed.'

'What!' cried Calenus, turning round to the people, 'shall Isis be thus
contemned?  Shall the blood of Apaecides yet cry for vengeance? Shall
justice be delayed now, that it may be frustrated hereafter? Shall the
lion be cheated of his lawful prey?  A god! a god!--I feel the god rush
to my lips!  To the lion--to the lion with Arbaces!'

His exhausted frame could support no longer the ferocious malice of the
priest; he sank on the ground in strong convulsions--the foam gathered
to his mouth--he was as a man, indeed, whom a supernatural power had
entered! The people saw and shuddered.

'It is a god that inspires the holy man!  To the lion with the

With that cry up sprang--on moved--thousands upon thousands! They rushed
from the heights--they poured down in the direction of the Egyptian.  In
vain did the aedile command--in vain did the praetor lift his voice and
proclaim the law.  The people had been already rendered savage by the
exhibition of blood--they thirsted for more--their superstition was
aided by their ferocity.  Aroused--inflamed by the spectacle of their
victims, they forgot the authority of their rulers.  It was one of those
dread popular convulsions common to crowds wholly ignorant, half free
and half servile; and which the peculiar constitution of the Roman
provinces so frequently exhibited.  The power of the praetor was as a
reed beneath the whirlwind; still, at his word the guards had drawn
themselves along the lower benches, on which the upper classes sat
separate from the vulgar.  They made but a feeble barrier--the waves of
the human sea halted for a moment, to enable Arbaces to count the exact
moment of his doom!  In despair, and in a terror which beat down even
pride, he glanced his eyes over the rolling and rushing crowd--when,
right above them, through the wide chasm which had been left in the
velaria, he beheld a strange and awful apparition--he beheld--and his
craft restored his courage!

He stretched his hand on high; over his lofty brow and royal features
there came an expression of unutterable solemnity and command.

'Behold!' he shouted with a voice of thunder, which stilled the roar of
the crowd; 'behold how the gods protect the guiltless!  The fires of the
avenging Orcus burst forth against the false witness of my accusers!'

The eyes of the crowd followed the gesture of the Egyptian, and beheld,
with ineffable dismay, a vast vapor shooting from the summit of
Vesuvius, in the form of a gigantic pine-tree; the trunk, blackness--the
branches, fire!--a fire that shifted and wavered in its hues with every
moment, now fiercely luminous, now of a dull and dying red, that again
blazed terrifically forth with intolerable glare!

There was a dead, heart-sunken silence--through which there suddenly
broke the roar of the lion, which was echoed back from within the
building by the sharper and fiercer yells of its fellow-beast. Dread
seers were they of the Burden of the Atmosphere, and wild prophets of
the wrath to come!

Then there arose on high the universal shrieks of women; the men stared
at each other, but were dumb.  At that moment they felt the earth shake
beneath their feet; the walls of the theatre trembled: and, beyond in
the distance, they heard the crash of falling roofs; an instant more and
the mountain-cloud seemed to roll towards them, dark and rapid, like a
torrent; at the same time, it cast forth from its bosom a shower of
ashes mixed with vast fragments of burning stone!  Over the crushing
vines--over the desolate streets--over the amphitheatre itself--far and
wide--with many a mighty splash in the agitated sea--fell that awful

No longer thought the crowd of justice or of Arbaces; safety for
themselves was their sole thought.  Each turned to fly--each dashing,
pressing, crushing, against the other.  Trampling recklessly over the
fallen--amidst groans, and oaths, and prayers, and sudden shrieks, the
enormous crowd vomited itself forth through the numerous passages.
Whither should they fly? Some, anticipating a second earthquake,
hastened to their homes to load themselves with their more costly goods,
and escape while it was yet time; others, dreading the showers of ashes
that now fell fast, torrent upon torrent, over the streets, rushed under
the roofs of the nearest houses, or temples, or sheds--shelter of any
kind--for protection from the terrors of the open air.  But darker, and
larger, and mightier, spread the cloud above them.  It was a sudden and
more ghastly Night rushing upon the realm of Noon!

Chapter V


STUNNED by his reprieve, doubting that he was awake, Glaucus had been
led by the officers of the arena into a small cell within the walls of
the theatre. They threw a loose robe over his form, and crowded round in
congratulation and wonder.  There was an impatient and fretful cry
without the cell; the throng gave way, and the blind girl, led by some
gentler hand, flung herself at the feet of Glaucus.

'It is I who have saved thee,' she sobbed; now let me die!'

'Nydia, my child!--my preserver!'

'Oh, let me feel thy touch--thy breath!  Yes, yes, thou livest! We are
not too late!  That dread door, methought it would never yield! and
Calenus--oh! his voice was as the dying wind among tombs--we had to
wait--gods! it seemed hours ere food and wine restored to him something
of strength.  But thou livest! thou livest yet! And I--I have saved

This affecting scene was soon interrupted by the event just described.

'The mountain! the earthquake!' resounded from side to side.  The
officers fled with the rest; they left Glaucus and Nydia to save
themselves as they might.

As the sense of the dangers around them flashed on the Athenian, his
generous heart recurred to Olinthus.  He, too, was reprieved from the
tiger by the hand of the gods; should he be left to a no less fatal
death in the neighboring cell?  Taking Nydia by the hand, Glaucus
hurried across the passages; he gained the den of the Christian!  He
found Olinthus kneeling and in prayer.

'Arise! arise! my friend,' he cried.  'Save thyself, and fly! See!
Nature is thy dread deliverer!' He led forth the bewildered Christian,
and pointed to a cloud which advanced darker and darker, disgorging
forth showers of ashes and pumice stones--and bade him hearken to the
cries and trampling rush of the scattered crowd.

'This is the hand of God--God be praised!' said Olinthus, devoutly.

'Fly! seek thy brethren!--Concert with them thy escape.  Farewell!'

Olinthus did not answer, neither did he mark the retreating form of his
friend.  High thoughts and solemn absorbed his soul: and in the
enthusiasm of his kindling heart, he exulted in the mercy of God rather
than trembled at the evidence of His power.

At length he roused himself, and hurried on, he scarce knew whither.

The open doors of a dark, desolate cell suddenly appeared on his path;
through the gloom within there flared and flickered a single lamp; and
by its light he saw three grim and naked forms stretched on the earth in
death. His feet were suddenly arrested; for, amidst the terror of that
drear recess--the spoliarium of the arena--he heard a low voice calling
on the name of Christ!

He could not resist lingering at that appeal: he entered the den, and
his feet were dabbled in the slow streams of blood that gushed from the
corpses over the sand.

'Who,' said the Nazarene, 'calls upon the son of God?'

No answer came forth; and turning round, Olinthus beheld, by the light
of the lamp, an old grey-headed man sitting on the floor, and supporting
in his lap the head of one of the dead.  The features of the dead man
were firmly and rigidly locked in the last sleep; but over the lip there
played a fierce smile--not the Christian's smile of hope, but the dark
sneer of hatred and defiance.  Yet on the face still lingered the
beautiful roundness of early youth.  The hair curled thick and glossy
over the unwrinkled brow; and the down of manhood but slightly shaded
the marble of the hueless cheek.  And over this face bent one of such
unutterable sadness--of such yearning tenderness--of such fond and such
deep despair!  The tears of the old man fell fast and hot, but he did
not feel them; and when his lips moved, and he mechanically uttered the
prayer of his benign and hopeful faith, neither his heart nor his sense
responded to the words: it was but the involuntary emotion that broke
from the lethargy of his mind.  His boy was dead, and had died for
him!--and the old man's heart was broken!

'Medon!' said Olinthus, pityingly, 'arise, and fly!  God is forth upon
the wings of the elements!  The New Gomorrah is doomed!--Fly, ere the
fires consume thee!'

'He was ever so full of life!--he cannot be dead!  Come hither!--place
your hand on his heart!--sure it beats yet?'

'Brother, the soul has fled!  We will remember it in our prayers! Thou
canst not reanimate the dumb clay!  Come, come--hark! while I speak, yon
crashing walls!--hark! yon agonizing cries!  Not a moment is to be

'I hear nothing!' said Medon, shaking his grey hair.  'The poor boy, his
love murdered him!'

'Come! come! forgive this friendly force.'

'What!  Who could sever the father from the son?' And Medon clasped the
body tightly in his embrace, and covered it with passionate kisses.
'Go!' said he, lifting up his face for one moment.  'Go!--we must be

'Alas!' said the compassionate Nazarene, 'Death hath severed ye

The old man smiled very calmly.  'No, no, no!' muttered, his voice
growing lower with each word--'Death has been more kind!'

With that his head drooped on His son's breast--his arms relaxed their
grasp.  Olinthus caught him by the hand--the pulse had ceased to beat!
The last words of the father were the words of truth--Death had been
more kind!

Meanwhile Glaucus and Nydia were pacing swiftly up the perilous and
fearful streets.  The Athenian had learned from his preserver that Ione
was yet in the house of Arbaces.  Thither he fled, to release--to save
her!  The few slaves whom the Egyptian had left at his mansion when he
had repaired in long procession to the amphitheatre, had been able to
offer no resistance to the armed band of Sallust; and when afterwards
the volcano broke forth, they had huddled together, stunned and
frightened, in the inmost recesses of the house.  Even the tall
Ethiopian had forsaken his post at the door; and Glaucus (who left Nydia
without--the poor Nydia, jealous once more, even in such an hour!)
passed on through the vast hall without meeting one from whom to learn
the chamber of Ione.  Even as he passed, however, the darkness that
covered the heavens increased so rapidly that it was with difficulty he
could guide his steps.  The flower-wreathed columns seemed to reel and
tremble; and with every instant he heard the ashes fall cranchingly into
the roofless peristyle.  He ascended to the upper rooms--breathless he
paced along, shouting out aloud the name of Ione; and at length he
heard, at the end of a gallery, a voice--her voice, in wondering reply!
To rush forward--to shatter the door--to seize Ione in his arms--to
hurry from the mansion--seemed to him the work of an instant!  Scarce
had he gained the spot where Nydia was, than he heard steps advancing
towards the house, and recognized the voice of Arbaces, who had returned
to seek his wealth and Ione ere he fled from the doomed Pompeii.  But so
dense was already the reeking atmosphere, that the foes saw not each
other, though so near--save that, dimly in the gloom, Glaucus caught the
moving outline of the snowy robes of the Egyptian.

They hastened onward--those three.  Alas! whither?  They now saw not a
step before them--the blackness became utter.  They were encompassed
with doubt and horror!--and the death he had escaped seemed to Glaucus
only to have changed its form and augmented its victims.

Chapter VI


THE sudden catastrophe which had, as it were, riven the very bonds of
society, and left prisoner and jailer alike free, had soon rid Calenus
of the guards to whose care the praetor had consigned him.  And when the
darkness and the crowd separated the priest from his attendants, he
hastened with trembling steps towards the temple of his goddess.  As he
crept along, and ere the darkness was complete, he felt himself suddenly
caught by the robe, and a voice muttered in his ear:

'Hist!--Calenus!--an awful hour!'

'Ay! by my father's head!  Who art thou?--thy face is dim, and thy voice
is strange.

'Not know thy Burbo?--fie!'

'Gods!--how the darkness gathers!  Ho, ho!--by yon terrific mountain,
what sudden blazes of lightning!'--How they dart and quiver! Hades is
loosed on earth!'

'Tush!--thou believest not these things, Calenus!  Now is the time to
make our fortune!'


'Listen! Thy temple is full of gold and precious mummeries!--let us load
ourselves with them, and then hasten to the sea and embark! None will
ever ask an account of the doings of this day.'

'Burbo, thou art right!  Hush, and follow me into the temple.  Who cares
now--who sees now--whether thou art a priest or not?  Follow, and we
will share.'

In the precincts of the temple were many priests gathered around the
altars, praying, weeping, grovelling in the dust.  Impostors in safety,
they were not the less superstitious in danger!  Calenus passed them,
and entered the chamber yet to be seen in the south side of the court.
Burbo followed him--the priest struck a light.  Wine and viands strewed
the table; the remains of a sacrificial feast.

'A man who has hungered forty-eight hours,' muttered Calenus, 'has an
appetite even in such a time.' He seized on the food, and devoured it
greedily.  Nothing could perhaps, be more unnaturally horrid than the
selfish baseness of these villains; for there is nothing more loathsome
than the valor of avarice.  Plunder and sacrilege while the pillars of
the world tottered to and fro!  What an increase to the terrors of
nature can be made by the vices of man!

'Wilt thou never have done?' said Burbo, impatiently; 'thy face purples
and thine eyes start already.'

'It is not every day one has such a right to be hungry.  Oh, Jupiter!
what sound is that?--the hissing of fiery water!  What! does the cloud
give rain as well as flame!  Ha!--what! shrieks?  And, Burbo, how silent
all is now! Look forth!'

Amidst the other horrors, the mighty mountain now cast up columns of
boiling water.  Blent and kneaded with the half-burning ashes, the
streams fell like seething mud over the streets in frequent intervals.
And full, where the priests of Isis had now cowered around the altars,
on which they had vainly sought to kindle fires and pour incense, one of
the fiercest of those deadly torrents, mingled with immense fragments of
scoria, had poured its rage. Over the bended forms of the priests it
dashed: that cry had been of death--that silence had been of eternity!
The ashes--the pitchy streams--sprinkled the altars, covered the
pavement, and half concealed the quivering corpses of the priests!

'They are dead,' said Burbo, terrified for the first time, and hurrying
back into the cell.  'I thought not the danger was so near and fatal.'

The two wretches stood staring at each other--you might have heard their
hearts beat!  Calenus, the less bold by nature, but the more griping,
recovered first.

'We must to our task, and away!' he said, in a low whisper, frightened
at his own voice.  He stepped to the threshold, paused, crossed over the
heated floor and his dead brethren to the sacred chapel, and called to
Burbo to follow.  But the gladiator quaked, and drew back.

'So much the better,' thought Calenus; 'the more will be my booty.'
Hastily he loaded himself with the more portable treasures of the
temple; and thinking no more of his comrade, hurried from the sacred
place.  A sudden flash of lightning from the mount showed to Burbo, who
stood motionless at the threshold, the flying and laden form of the
priest.  He took heart; he stepped forth to join him, when a tremendous
shower of ashes fell right before his feet.  The gladiator shrank back
once more.  Darkness closed him in.  But the shower continued
fast--fast; its heaps rose high and suffocatingly--deathly vapors
steamed from them.  The wretch gasped for breath--he sought in despair
again to fly--the ashes had blocked up the threshold--he shrieked as his
feet shrank from the boiling fluid. How could he escape? he could not
climb to the open space; nay, were he able, he could not brave its
horrors.  It were best to remain in the cells, protected, at least, from
the fatal air. He sat down and clenched his teeth.  By degrees, the
atmosphere from without--stifling and venomous--crept into the chamber.
He could endure it no longer.  His eyes, glaring round, rested on a
sacrificial axe, which some priest had left in the chamber: he seized
it. With the desperate strength of his gigantic arm, he attempted to hew
his way through the walls.

Meanwhile, the streets were already thinned; the crowd had hastened to
disperse itself under shelter; the ashes began to fill up the lower
parts of the town; but, here and there, you heard the steps of fugitives
cranching them warily, or saw their pale and haggard faces by the blue
glare of the lightning, or the more unsteady glare of torches, by which
they endeavored to steer their steps. But ever and anon, the boiling
water, or the straggling ashes, mysterious and gusty winds, rising and
dying in a breath, extinguished these wandering lights, and with them
the last living hope of those who bore them.

In the street that leads to the gate of Herculaneum, Clodius now bent
his perplexed and doubtful way.  'If I can gain the open country,'
thought he, 'doubtless there will be various vehicles beyond the gate,
and Herculaneum is not far distant.  Thank Mercury!  I have little to
lose, and that little is about me!'

'Holla!--help there--help!' cried a querulous and frightened voice.  'I
have fallen down--my torch has gone out--my slaves have deserted me.  I
am Diomed--the rich Diomed--ten thousand sesterces to him who helps me!'

At the same moment, Clodius felt himself caught by the feet. 'Ill
fortune to thee--let me go, fool,' said the gambler.

'Oh, help me up!--give me thy hand!'


'Is this Clodius?  I know the voice!  Whither fliest thou?'

'Towards Herculaneum.'

'Blessed be the gods! our way is the same, then, as far as the gate.
Why not take refuge in my villa?  Thou knowest the long range of
subterranean cellars beneath the basement--that shelter, what shower can

'You speak well,' said Clodius musingly.  'And by storing the cellar
with food, we can remain there even some days, should these wondrous
storms endure so long.'

'Oh, blessed be he who invented gates to a city!' cried Diomed.
'See!--they have placed a light within yon arch: by that let us guide
our steps.'

The air was now still for a few minutes: the lamp from the gate streamed
out far and clear: the fugitives hurried on--they gained the gate--they
passed by the Roman sentry; the lightning flashed over his livid face
and polished helmet, but his stern features were composed even in their
awe!  He remained erect and motionless at his post.  That hour itself
had not animated the machine of the ruthless majesty of Rome into the
reasoning and self-acting man.  There he stood, amidst the crashing
elements: he had not received the permission to desert his station and

Diomed and his companion hurried on, when suddenly a female form rushed
athwart their way.  It was the girl whose ominous voice had been raised
so often and so gladly in anticipation of 'the merry show'.

'Oh, Diomed!' she cried, 'shelter! shelter!  See'--pointing to an infant
clasped to her breast--'see this little one!--it is mine!--the child of
shame!  I have never owned it till this hour.  But now I remember I am a
mother!  I have plucked it from the cradle of its nurse: she had fled!
Who could think of the babe in such an hour, but she who bore it?  Save
it! save it!'

'Curses on thy shrill voice!  Away, harlot!' muttered Clodius between
his ground teeth.

'Nay, girl,' said the more humane Diomed; 'follow if thou wilt. This
way--this way--to the vaults!'

They hurried on--they arrived at the house of Diomed--they laughed aloud
as they crossed the threshold, for they deemed the danger over.

Diomed ordered his slaves to carry down into the subterranean gallery,
before described, a profusion of food and oil for lights; and there
Julia, Clodius, the mother and her babe, the greater part of the slaves,
and some frightened visitors and clients of the neighborhood, sought
their shelter.

Chapter VII


THE cloud, which had scattered so deep a murkiness over the day, had now
settled into a solid and impenetrable mass.  It resembled less even the
thickest gloom of a night in the open air than the close and blind
darkness of some narrow room.  But in proportion as the blackness
gathered, did the lightnings around Vesuvius increase in their vivid and
scorching glare.  Nor was their horrible beauty confined to the usual
hues of fire; no rainbow ever rivalled their varying and prodigal dyes.
Now brightly blue as the most azure depth of a southern sky--now of a
livid and snakelike green, darting restlessly to and fro as the folds of
an enormous serpent--now of a lurid and intolerable crimson, gushing
forth through the columns of smoke, far and wide, and lighting up the
whole city from arch to arch--then suddenly dying into a sickly
paleness, like the ghost of their own life!

In the pauses of the showers, you heard the rumbling of the earth
beneath, and the groaning waves of the tortured sea; or, lower still,
and audible but to the watch of intensest fear, the grinding and hissing
murmur of the escaping gases through the chasms of the distant mountain.
Sometimes the cloud appeared to break from its solid mass, and, by the
lightning, to assume quaint and vast mimicries of human or of monster
shapes, striding across the gloom, hurtling one upon the other, and
vanishing swiftly into the turbulent abyss of shade; so that, to the
eyes and fancies of the affrighted wanderers, the unsubstantial vapors
were as the bodily forms of gigantic foes--the agents of terror and of

The ashes in many places were already knee-deep; and the boiling showers
which came from the steaming breath of the volcano forced their way into
the houses, bearing with them a strong and suffocating vapor.  In some
places, immense fragments of rock, hurled upon the house roofs, bore
down along the streets masses of confused ruin, which yet more and more,
with every hour, obstructed the way; and, as the day advanced, the
motion of the earth was more sensibly felt--the footing seemed to slide
and creep--nor could chariot or litter be kept steady, even on the most
level ground.

Sometimes the huger stones striking against each other as they fell,
broke into countless fragments, emitting sparks of fire, which caught
whatever was combustible within their reach; and along the plains beyond
the city the darkness was now terribly relieved; for several houses, and
even vineyards, had been set on flames; and at various intervals the
fires rose suddenly and fiercely against the solid gloom.  To add to
this partial relief of the darkness, the citizens had, here and there,
in the more public places, such as the porticoes of temples and the
entrances to the forum, endeavored to place rows of torches; but these
rarely continued long; the showers and the winds extinguished them, and
the sudden darkness into which their sudden birth was converted had
something in it doubly terrible and doubly impressing on the impotence
of human hopes, the lesson of despair.

Frequently, by the momentary light of these torches, parties of
fugitives encountered each other, some hurrying towards the sea, others
flying from the sea back to the land; for the ocean had retreated
rapidly from the shore--an utter darkness lay over it, and upon its
groaning and tossing waves the storm of cinders and rock fell without
the protection which the streets and roofs afforded to the land.
Wild--haggard--ghastly with supernatural fears, these groups encountered
each other, but without the leisure to speak, to consult, to advise; for
the showers fell now frequently, though not continuously, extinguishing
the lights, which showed to each band the deathlike faces of the other,
and hurrying all to seek refuge beneath the nearest shelter.  The whole
elements of civilization were broken up.  Ever and anon, by the
flickering lights, you saw the thief hastening by the most solemn
authorities of the law, laden with, and fearfully chuckling over, the
produce of his sudden gains.  If, in the darkness, wife was separated
from husband, or parent from child, vain was the hope of reunion.  Each
hurried blindly and confusedly on.  Nothing in all the various and
complicated machinery of social life was left save the primal law of

Through this awful scene did the Athenian wade his way, accompanied by
Ione and the blind girl.  Suddenly, a rush of hundreds, in their path to
the sea, swept by them.  Nydia was torn from the side of Glaucus, who,
with Ione, was borne rapidly onward; and when the crowd (whose forms
they saw not, so thick was the gloom) were gone, Nydia was still
separated from their side. Glaucus shouted her name.  No answer came.
They retraced their steps--in vain: they could not discover her--it was
evident she had been swept along some opposite direction by the human
current.  Their friend, their preserver, was lost!  And hitherto Nydia
had been their guide.  Her blindness rendered the scene familiar to her
alone.  Accustomed, through a perpetual night, to thread the windings of
the city, she had led them unerringly towards the sea-shore, by which
they had resolved to hazard an escape.  Now, which way could they wend?
all was rayless to them--a maze without a clue.  Wearied, despondent,
bewildered, they, however, passed along, the ashes falling upon their
heads, the fragmentary stones dashing up in sparkles before their feet.

'Alas! alas!' murmured Ione, 'I can go no farther; my steps sink among
the scorching cinders.  Fly, dearest!--beloved, fly! and leave me to my

'Hush, my betrothed! my bride!  Death with thee is sweeter than life
without thee!  Yet, whither--oh! whither, can we direct ourselves
through the gloom? Already it seems that we have made but a circle, and
are in the very spot which we quitted an hour ago.'

'O gods! yon rock--see, it hath riven the roof before us!  It is death
to move through the streets!'

'Blessed lightning!  See, Ione--see! the portico of the Temple of
Fortune is before us.  Let us creep beneath it; it will protect us from
the showers.'

He caught his beloved in his arms, and with difficulty and labor gained
the temple.  He bore her to the remoter and more sheltered part of the
portico, and leaned over her, that he might shield her, with his own
form, from the lightning and the showers!  The beauty and the
unselfishness of love could hallow even that dismal time!

'Who is there?' said the trembling and hollow voice of one who had
preceded them in their place of refuge.  'Yet, what matters?--the crush
of the ruined world forbids to us friends or foes.'

Ione turned at the sound of the voice, and, with a faint shriek, cowered
again beneath the arms of Glaucus: and he, looking in the direction of
the voice, beheld the cause of her alarm.  Through the darkness glared
forth two burning eyes--the lightning flashed and lingered athwart the
temple--and Glaucus, with a shudder, perceived the lion to which he had
been doomed couched beneath the pillars--and, close beside it, unwitting
of the vicinity, lay the giant form of him who had accosted them--the
wounded gladiator, Niger.

That lightning had revealed to each other the form of beast and man; yet
the instinct of both was quelled.  Nay, the lion crept nearer and nearer
to the gladiator, as for companionship; and the gladiator did not recede
or tremble.  The revolution of Nature had dissolved her lighter terrors
as well as her wonted ties.

While they were thus terribly protected, a group of men and women,
bearing torches, passed by the temple.  They were of the congregation of
the Nazarenes; and a sublime and unearthly emotion had not, indeed,
quelled their awe, but it had robbed awe of fear.  They had long
believed, according to the error of the early Christians, that the Last
Day was at hand; they imagined now that the Day had come.

'Woe! woe!' cried, in a shrill and piercing voice, the elder at their
head. 'Behold! the Lord descendeth to judgment!  He maketh fire come
down from heaven in the sight of men!  Woe! woe! ye strong and mighty!
Woe to ye of the fasces and the purple!  Woe to the idolater and the
worshipper of the beast!  Woe to ye who pour forth the blood of saints,
and gloat over the death-pangs of the sons of God!  Woe to the harlot of
the sea!--woe! woe!'

And with a loud and deep chorus, the troop chanted forth along the wild
horrors of the air, 'Woe to the harlot of the sea!--woe! woe!'

The Nazarenes paced slowly on, their torches still flickering in the
storm, their voices still raised in menace and solemn warning, till,
lost amid the windings in the streets, the darkness of the atmosphere
and the silence of death again fell over the scene.

There was one of the frequent pauses in the showers, and Glaucus
encouraged Ione once more to proceed.  Just as they stood, hesitating,
on the last step of the portico, an old man, with a bag in his right
hand and leaning upon a youth, tottered by.  The youth bore a torch.
Glaucus recognized the two as father and son--miser and prodigal.

'Father,' said the youth, 'if you cannot move more swiftly, I must leave
you, or we both perish!'

'Fly, boy, then, and leave thy sire!'

'But I cannot fly to starve; give me thy bag of gold!' And the youth
snatched at it.

'Wretch! wouldst thou rob thy father?'

'Ay! who can tell the tale in this hour?  Miser, perish!'

The boy struck the old man to the ground, plucked the bag from his
relaxing hand, and fled onward with a shrill yell.

'Ye gods!' cried Glaucus: 'are ye blind, then, even in the dark? Such
crimes may well confound the guiltless with the guilty in one common
ruin.  Ione, on!--on!'

Chapter VIII


ADVANCING, as men grope for escape in a dungeon, Ione and her lover
continued their uncertain way.  At the moments when the volcanic
lightnings lingered over the streets, they were enabled, by that awful
light, to steer and guide their progress: yet, little did the view it
presented to them cheer or encourage their path.  In parts, where the
ashes lay dry and uncommixed with the boiling torrents, cast upward from
the mountain at capricious intervals, the surface of the earth presented
a leprous and ghastly white.  In other places, cinder and rock lay
matted in heaps, from beneath which emerged the half-hid limbs of some
crushed and mangled fugitive.  The groans of the dying were broken by
wild shrieks of women's terror--now near, now distant--which, when heard
in the utter darkness, were rendered doubly appalling by the crushing
sense of helplessness and the uncertainty of the perils around; and
clear and distinct through all were the mighty and various noises from
the Fatal Mountain; its rushing winds; its whirling torrents; and, from
time to time, the burst and roar of some more fiery and fierce
explosion.  And ever as the winds swept howling along the street, they
bore sharp streams of burning dust, and such sickening and poisonous
vapors, as took away, for the instant, breath and consciousness,
followed by a rapid revulsion of the arrested blood, and a tingling
sensation of agony trembling through every nerve and fibre of the frame.

'Oh, Glaucus! my beloved! my own!--take me to thy arms!  One embrace!
let me feel thy arms around me--and in that embrace let me die--I can no

'For my sake, for my life--courage, yet, sweet Ione--my life is linked
with thine: and see--torches--this way!  Lo! how they brave the Wind!
Ha! they live through the storm--doubtless, fugitives to the sea! we
will join them.'

As if to aid and reanimate the lovers, the winds and showers came to a
sudden pause; the atmosphere was profoundly still--the mountain seemed
at rest, gathering, perhaps, fresh fury for its next burst; the
torch-bearers moved quickly on.  'We are nearing the sea,' said, in a
calm voice, the person at their head.  'Liberty and wealth to each slave
who survives this day!  Courage!  I tell you that the gods themselves
have assured me of deliverance.  On!'

Redly and steadily the torches flashed full on the eyes of Glaucus and
Ione, who lay trembling and exhausted on his bosom.  Several slaves were
bearing, by the light, panniers and coffers, heavily laden; in front of
them--a drawn sword in his hand--towered the lofty form of Arbaces.

'By my fathers!' cried the Egyptian, 'Fate smiles upon me even through
these horrors, and, amidst the dreadest aspects of woe and death, bodes
me happiness and love.  Away, Greek!  I claim my ward, Ione!'

'Traitor and murderer!' cried Glaucus, glaring upon his foe, 'Nemesis
hath guided thee to my revenge!--a just sacrifice to the shades of
Hades, that now seem loosed on earth.  Approach--touch but the hand of
Ione, and thy weapon shall be as a reed--I will tear thee limb from

Suddenly, as he spoke, the place became lighted with an intense and
lurid glow.  Bright and gigantic through the darkness, which closed
around it like the walls of hell, the mountain shone--a pile of fire!
Its summit seemed riven in two; or rather, above its surface there
seemed to rise two monster shapes, each confronting each, as Demons
contending for a world.  These were of one deep blood-red hue of fire,
which lighted up the whole atmosphere far and wide; but, below, the
nether part of the mountain was still dark and shrouded, save in three
places, adown which flowed, serpentine and irregular, rivers of the
molten lava.  Darkly red through the profound gloom of their banks, they
flowed slowly on, as towards the devoted city. Over the broadest there
seemed to spring a cragged and stupendous arch, from which, as from the
jaws of hell, gushed the sources of the sudden Phlegethon.  And through
the stilled air was heard the rattling of the fragments of rock,
hurtling one upon another as they were borne down the fiery
cataracts--darkening, for one instant, the spot where they fell, and
suffused the next, in the burnished hues of the flood along which they

The slaves shrieked aloud, and, cowering, hid their faces.  The Egyptian
himself stood transfixed to the spot, the glow lighting up his
commanding features and jewelled robes.  High behind him rose a tall
column that supported the bronze statue of Augustus; and the imperial
image seemed changed to a shape of fire!

With his left hand circled round the form of Ione--with his right arm
raised in menace, and grasping the stilus which was to have been his
weapon in the arena, and which he still fortunately bore about him, with
his brow knit, his lips apart, the wrath and menace of human passions
arrested as by a charm, upon his features, Glaucus fronted the Egyptian!

Arbaces turned his eyes from the mountain--they rested on the form of
Glaucus!  He paused a moment: 'Why,' he muttered, 'should I hesitate?
Did not the stars foretell the only crisis of imminent peril to which I
was subjected?--Is not that peril past?'

'The soul,' cried he aloud, 'can brave the wreck of worlds and the wrath
of imaginary gods!  By that soul will I conquer to the last! Advance,
slaves!--Athenian, resist me, and thy blood be on thine own head!  Thus,
then, I regain Ione!'

He advanced one step--it was his last on earth!  The ground shook
beneath him with a convulsion that cast all around upon its surface.  A
simultaneous crash resounded through the city, as down toppled many a
roof and pillar!--the lightning, as if caught by the metal, lingered an
instant on the Imperial Statue--then shivered bronze and column! Down
fell the ruin, echoing along the street, and riving the solid pavement
where it crashed!--The prophecy of the stars was fulfilled!

The sound--the shock, stunned the Athenian for several moments. When he
recovered, the light still illuminated the scene--the earth still slid
and trembled beneath!  Ione lay senseless on the ground; but he saw her
not yet--his eyes were fixed upon a ghastly face that seemed to emerge,
without limbs or trunk, from the huge fragments of the shattered
column--a face of unutterable pain, agony, and despair!  The eyes shut
and opened rapidly, as if sense were not yet fled; the lips quivered and
grinned--then sudden stillness and darkness fell over the features, yet
retaining that aspect of horror never to be forgotten!

So perished the wise Magician--the great Arbaces--the Hermes of the
Burning Belt--the last of the royalty of Egypt!

Chapter IX


GLAUCUS turned in gratitude but in awe, caught Ione once more in his
arms, and fled along the street, that was yet intensely luminous.  But
suddenly a duller shade fell over the air.  Instinctively he turned to
the mountain, and beheld! one of the two gigantic crests, into which the
summit had been divided, rocked and wavered to and fro; and then, with a
sound, the mightiness of which no language can describe, it fell from
its burning base, and rushed, an avalanche of fire, down the sides of
the mountain!  At the same instant gushed forth a volume of blackest
smoke--rolling on, over air, sea, and earth.

Another--and another--and another shower of ashes, far more profuse than
before, scattered fresh desolation along the streets. Darkness once more
wrapped them as a veil; and Glaucus, his bold heart at last quelled and
despairing, sank beneath the cover of an arch, and, clasping Ione to his
heart--a bride on that couch of ruin--resigned himself to die.

Meanwhile Nydia, when separated by the throng from Glaucus and Ione, had
in vain endeavored to regain them.  In vain she raised that plaintive
cry so peculiar to the blind; it was lost amidst a thousand shrieks of
more selfish terror.  Again and again she returned to the spot where
they had been divided--to find her companions gone, to seize every
fugitive--to inquire of Glaucus--to be dashed aside in the impatience of
distraction.  Who in that hour spared one thought to his neighbor?
Perhaps in scenes of universal horror, nothing is more horrid than the
unnatural selfishness they engender. At length it occurred to Nydia,
that as it had been resolved to seek the sea-shore for escape, her most
probable chance of rejoining her companions would be to persevere in
that direction.  Guiding her steps, then, by the staff which she always
carried, she continued, with incredible dexterity, to avoid the masses
of ruin that encumbered the path--to thread the streets--and unerringly
(so blessed now was that accustomed darkness, so afflicting in ordinary
life!) to take the nearest direction to the sea-side.

Poor girl!--her courage was beautiful to behold!--and Fate seemed to
favor one so helpless!  The boiling torrents touched her not, save by
the general rain which accompanied them; the huge fragments of scoria
shivered the pavement before and beside her, but spared that frail form:
and when the lesser ashes fell over her, she shook them away with a
slight tremor,' and dauntlessly resumed her course.

Weak, exposed, yet fearless, supported but by one wish, she was a very
emblem of Psyche in her wanderings; of Hope, walking through the Valley
of the Shadow; of the Soul itself--lone but undaunted, amidst the
dangers and the snares of life!

Her path was, however, constantly impeded by the crowds that now groped
amidst the gloom, now fled in the temporary glare of the lightnings
across the scene; and, at length, a group of torch-bearers rushing full
against her, she was thrown down with some violence.

'What!' said the voice of one of the party, 'is this the brave blind
girl! By Bacchus, she must not be left here to die!  Up, my Thessalian!
So--so. Are you hurt?  That's well!  Come along with us! we are for the

'O Sallust! it is thy voice!  The gods be thanked!  Glaucus! Glaucus!
Glaucus! have ye seen him?'

'Not I.  He is doubtless out of the city by this time.  The gods who
saved him from the lion will save him from the burning mountain.'

As the kindly epicure thus encouraged Nydia, he drew her along with him
towards the sea, heeding not her passionate entreaties that he would
linger yet awhile to search for Glaucus; and still, in the accent of
despair, she continued to shriek out that beloved name, which, amidst
all the roar of the convulsed elements, kept alive a music at her heart.

The sudden illumination, the bursts of the floods of lava, and the
earthquake, which we have already described, chanced when Sallust and
his party had just gained the direct path leading from the city to the
port; and here they were arrested by an immense crowd, more than half
the population of the city.  They spread along the field without the
walls, thousands upon thousands, uncertain whither to fly.  The sea had
retired far from the shore; and they who had fled to it had been so
terrified by the agitation and preternatural shrinking of the element,
the gasping forms of the uncouth sea things which the waves had left
upon the sand, and by the sound of the huge stones cast from the
mountain into the deep, that they had returned again to the land, as
presenting the less frightful aspect of the two.  Thus the two streams
of human beings, the one seaward, the other from the sea, had met
together, feeling a sad comfort in numbers; arrested in despair and

'The world is to be destroyed by fire,' said an old man in long loose
robes, a philosopher of the Stoic school: 'Stoic and Epicurean wisdom
have alike agreed in this prediction: and the hour is come!'

'Yea; the hour is come!' cried a loud voice, solemn, but not fearful.

Those around turned in dismay.  The voice came from above them. It was
the voice of Olinthus, who, surrounded by his Christian friends, stood
upon an abrupt eminence on which the old Greek colonists had raised a
temple to Apollo, now timeworn and half in ruin.

As he spoke there came that sudden illumination which had heralded the
death of Arbaces, and glowing over that mighty multitude, awed,
crouching, breathless--never on earth had the faces of men seemed so
haggard!--never had meeting of mortal beings been so stamped with the
horror and sublimity of dread!--never till the last trumpet sounds,
shall such meeting be seen again!  And above those the form of Olinthus,
with outstretched arm and prophet brow, girt with the living fires.  And
the crowd knew the face of him they had doomed to the fangs of the
beast--then their victim--now their warner! and through the stillness
again came his ominous voice:

'The hour is come!'

The Christians repeated the cry.  It was caught up--it was echoed from
side to side--woman and man, childhood and old age, repeated, not aloud,
but in a smothered and dreary murmur:


At that moment, a wild yell burst through the air--and, thinking only of
escape, whither it knew not, the terrible tiger of the desert leaped
amongst the throng, and hurried through its parted streams.  And so came
the earthquake--and so darkness once more fell over the earth!

And now new fugitives arrived.  Grasping the treasures no longer
destined for their lord, the slaves of Arbaces joined the throng. One
only of all their torches yet flickered on.  It was borne by Sosia; and
its light falling on the face of Nydia, he recognized the Thessalian.

'What avails thy liberty now, blind girl?' said the slave.

'Who art thou? canst thou tell me of Glaucus?'

'Ay; I saw him but a few minutes since.'

'Blessed be thy head! where?'

'Crouched beneath the arch of the forum--dead or dying!--gone to rejoin
Arbaces, who is no more!'

Nydia uttered not a word, she slid from the side of Sallust; silently
she glided through those behind her, and retraced her steps to the city.
She gained the forum--the arch; she stooped down--she felt around--she
called on the name of Glaucus.

A weak voice answered--'Who calls on me?  Is it the voice of the Shades?
Lo! I am prepared!'

'Arise! follow me!  Take my hand! Glaucus, thou shalt be saved!'

In wonder and sudden hope, Glaucus arose--'Nydia still?  Ah! thou, then,
art safe!'

The tender joy of his voice pierced the heart of the poor Thessalian,
and she blessed him for his thought of her.

Half leading, half carrying Ione, Glaucus followed his guide.  With
admirable discretion, she avoided the path which led to the crowd she
had just quitted, and, by another route, sought the shore.

After many pauses and incredible perseverance, they gained the sea, and
joined a group, who, bolder than the rest, resolved to hazard any peril
rather than continue in such a scene.  In darkness they put forth to
sea; but, as they cleared the land and caught new aspects of the
mountain, its channels of molten fire threw a partial redness over the

Utterly exhausted and worn out, Ione slept on the breast of Glaucus, and
Nydia lay at his feet.  Meanwhile the showers of dust and ashes, still
borne aloft, fell into the wave, and scattered their snows over the
deck.  Far and wide, borne by the winds, those showers descended upon
the remotest climes, startling even the swarthy African; and whirled
along the antique soil of Syria and of Egypt (Dion Cassius).

Chapter X


AND meekly, softly, beautifully, dawned at last the light over the
trembling deep!--the winds were sinking into rest--the foam died from
the glowing azure of that delicious sea.  Around the east, thin mists
caught gradually the rosy hues that heralded the morning; Light was
about to resume her reign.  Yet, still, dark and massive in the
distance, lay the broken fragments of the destroying cloud, from which
red streaks, burning dimlier and more dim, betrayed the yet rolling
fires of the mountain of the 'Scorched Fields'.  The white walls and
gleaming columns that had adorned the lovely coasts were no more.
Sullen and dull were the shores so lately crested by the cities of
Herculaneum and Pompeii.  The darlings of the deep were snatched from
her embrace!  Century after century shall the mighty Mother stretch
forth her azure arms, and know them not--moaning round the sepulchres of
the Lost!

There was no shout from the mariners at the dawning light--it had come
too gradually, and they were too wearied for such sudden bursts of
joy--but there was a low, deep murmur of thankfulness amidst those
watchers of the long night.  They looked at each other and smiled--they
took heart--they felt once more that there was a world around, and a God
above them!  And in the feeling that the worst was passed, the
overwearied ones turned round, and fell placidly to sleep. In the
growing light of the skies there came the silence which night had
wanted: and the bark drifted calmly onward to its port.  A few other
vessels, bearing similar fugitives, might be seen in the expanse,
apparently motionless, yet gliding also on.  There was a sense of
security, of companionship, and of hope, in the sight of their slender
masts and white sails.  What beloved friends, lost and missed in the
gloom, might they not bear to safety and to shelter!

In the silence of the general sleep, Nydia rose gently.  She bent over
the face of Glaucus--she inhaled the deep breath of his heavy
slumber--timidly and sadly she kissed his brow--his lips; she felt for
his hand--it was locked in that of Ione; she sighed deeply, and her face
darkened. Again she kissed his brow, and with her hair wiped from it the
damps of night.  'May the gods bless you, Athenian!' she murmured: 'may
you be happy with your beloved one!--may you sometimes remember Nydia!
Alas! she is of no further use on earth!'

With these words she turned away.  Slowly she crept along by the fori,
or platforms, to the farther side of the vessel, and, pausing, bent low
over the deep; the cool spray dashed upward on her feverish brow.  'It
is the kiss of death,' she said 'it is welcome.' The balmy air played
through her waving tresses--she put them from her face, and raised those
eyes--so tender, though so lightless--to the sky, whose soft face she
had never seen!

'No, no!' she said, half aloud, and in a musing and thoughtful tone, 'I
cannot endure it; this jealous, exacting love--it shatters my whole soul
in madness!  I might harm him again--wretch that I was!  I have saved
him--twice saved him--happy, happy thought: why not die happy?--it is
the last glad thought I can ever know.  Oh! sacred Sea!  I hear thy
voice invitingly--it hath a freshening and joyous call. They say that in
thy embrace is dishonour--that thy victims cross not the fatal Styx--be
it so!--I would not meet him in the Shades, for I should meet him still
with her!  Rest--rest--rest! there is no other Elysium for a heart like

A sailor, half dozing on the deck, heard a slight splash on the waters.
Drowsily he looked up, and behind, as the vessel merrily bounded on, he
fancied he saw something white above the waves; but it vanished in an
instant.  He turned round again, and dreamed of his home and children.

When the lovers awoke, their first thought was of each other--their next
of Nydia!  She was not to be found--none had seen her since the night.
Every crevice of the vessel was searched--there was no trace of her.
Mysterious from first to last, the blind Thessalian had vanished for
ever from the living world!  They guessed her fate in silence: and
Glaucus and Ione, while they drew nearer to each other (feeling each
other the world itself), forgot their deliverance, and wept as for a
departed sister.

Chapter The Last



GLAUCUS to his beloved Sallust--greeting and health!--You request me to
visit you at Rome--no, Sallust, come rather to me at Athens!  I have
forsworn the Imperial City, its mighty tumult and hollow joys.  In my
own land henceforth I dwell for ever.  The ghost of our departed
greatness is dearer to me than the gaudy life of your loud prosperity.
There is a charm to me which no other spot can supply, in the porticoes
hallowed still by holy and venerable shades.  In the olive-groves of
Ilyssus I still hear the voice of poetry--on the heights of Phyle, the
clouds of twilight seem yet the shrouds of departed freedom--the
heralds--the heralds--of the morrow that shall come!  You smile at my
enthusiasm, Sallust!--better be hopeful in chains than resigned to their
glitter.  You tell me you are sure that I cannot enjoy life in these
melancholy haunts of a fallen majesty.  You dwell with rapture on the
Roman splendors, and the luxuries of the imperial court. My
Sallust--"non sum qualis eram"--I am not what I was!  The events of my
life have sobered the bounding blood of my youth.  My health has never
quite recovered its wonted elasticity ere it felt the pangs of disease,
and languished in the damps of a criminal's dungeon.  My mind has never
shaken off the dark shadow of the Last Day of Pompeii--the horror and
the desolation of that awful ruin!--Our beloved, our remembered Nydia! I
have reared a tomb to her shade, and I see it every day from the window
of my study. It keeps alive in me a tender recollection--a not
unpleasing sadness--which are but a fitting homage to her fidelity, and
the mysteriousness of her early death.  Ione gathers the flowers, but my
own hand wreathes them daily around the tomb.  She was worthy of a tomb
in Athens!

'You speak of the growing sect of the Christians in Rome.  Sallust, to
you I may confide my secret; I have pondered much over that faith--I
have adopted it.  After the destruction of Pompeii, I met once more with
Olinthus--saved, alas! only for a day, and falling afterwards a martyr
to the indomitable energy of his zeal.  In my preservation from the lion
and the earthquake he taught me to behold the hand of the unknown God!
I listened--believed--adored!  My own, my more than ever beloved Ione,
has also embraced the creed!--a creed, Sallust, which, shedding light
over this world, gathers its concentrated glory, like a sunset, over the
next!  We know that we are united in the soul, as in the flesh, for ever
and for ever! Ages may roll on, our very dust be dissolved, the earth
shrivelled like a scroll; but round and round the circle of eternity
rolls the wheel of life--imperishable--unceasing!  And as the earth from
the sun, so immortality drinks happiness from virtue, which is the smile
upon the face of God!  Visit me, then, Sallust; bring with you the
learned scrolls of Epicurus, Pythagoras, Diogenes; arm yourself for
defeat; and let us, amidst the groves of Academus, dispute, under a
surer guide than any granted to our fathers, on the mighty problem of
the true ends of life and the nature of the soul.

'Ione--at that name my heart yet beats!--Ione is by my side as I write:
I lift my eyes, and meet her smile.  The sunlight quivers over Hymettus:
and along my garden I hear the hum of the summer bees.  Am I happy, ask
you? Oh, what can Rome give me equal to what I possess at Athens?  Here,
everything awakens the soul and inspires the affections--the trees, the
waters, the hills, the skies, are those of Athens!--fair, though
mourning-mother of the Poetry and the Wisdom of the World.  In my hall I
see the marble faces of my ancestors.  In the Ceramicus, I survey their
tombs! In the streets, I behold the hand of Phidias and the soul of
Pericles. Harmodius, Aristogiton--they are everywhere--but in our
hearts!--in mine, at least, they shall not perish!  If anything can make
me forget that I am an Athenian and not free, it is partly the
soothing--the love--watchful, vivid, sleepless--of Ione--a love that has
taken a new sentiment in our new creed--a love which none of our poets,
beautiful though they be, had shadowed forth in description; for mingled
with religion, it partakes of religion; it is blended with pure and
unworldly thoughts; it is that which we may hope to carry through
eternity, and keep, therefore, white and unsullied, that we may not
blush to confess it to our God!  This is the true type of the dark fable
of our Grecian Eros and Psyche--it is, in truth, the soul asleep in the
arms of love.  And if this, our love, support me partly against the
fever of the desire for freedom, my religion supports me more; for
whenever I would grasp the sword and sound the shell, and rush to a new
Marathon (but Marathon without victory), I feel my despair at the
chilling thought of my country's impotence--the crushing weight of the
Roman yoke, comforted, at least, by the thought that earth is but the
beginning of life--that the glory of a few years matters little in the
vast space of eternity--that there is no perfect freedom till the chains
of clay fall from the soul, and all space, all time, become its heritage
and domain.  Yet, Sallust, some mixture of the soft Greek blood still
mingles with my faith. I can share not the zeal of those who see crime
and eternal wrath in men who cannot believe as they.  I shudder not at
the creed of others.  I dare not curse them--I pray the Great Father to
convert.  This lukewarmness exposes me to some suspicion amongst the
Christians: but I forgive it; and, not offending openly the prejudices
of the crowd, I am thus enabled to protect my brethren from the danger
of the law, and the consequences of their own zeal.  If moderation seem
to me the natural creature of benevolence, it gives, also, the greatest
scope to beneficence.

'Such, then, O Sallust! is my life--such my opinions.  In this manner I
greet existence and await death.  And thou, glad-hearted and kindly
pupil of Epicurus, thou...  But come hither, and see what enjoyments,
what hopes are ours--and not the splendor of imperial banquets, nor the
shouts of the crowded circus, nor the noisy forum, nor the glittering
theatre, nor the luxuriant gardens, nor the voluptuous baths of
Rome--shall seem to thee to constitute a life of more vivid and
uninterrupted happiness than that which thou so unreasonably pitiest as
the career of Glaucus the Athenian!--Farewell!'

Nearly Seventeen Centuries had rolled away when the City of Pompeii was
disinterred from its silent tomb, all vivid with undimmed hues; its
walls fresh as if painted yesterday--not a hue faded on the rich mosaic
of its floors--in its forum the half-finished columns as left by the
workman's hand--in its gardens the sacrificial tripod--in its halls the
chest of treasure--in its baths the strigil--in its theatres the counter
of admission--in its saloons the furniture and the lamp--in its
triclinia the fragments of the last feast--in its cubicula the perfumes
and the rouge of faded beauty--and everywhere the bones and skeletons of
those who once moved the springs of that minute yet gorgeous machine of
luxury and of life! In the house of Diomed, in the subterranean vaults,
twenty skeletons (one of a babe) were discovered in one spot by the
door, covered by a fine ashen dust, that had evidently been wafted
slowly through the apertures, until it had filled the whole space.
There were jewels and coins, candelabra for unavailing light, and wine
hardened in the amphorae for a prolongation of agonized life.  The sand,
consolidated by damps, had taken the forms of the skeletons as in a
cast; and the traveler may yet see the impression of a female neck and
bosom of young and round proportions--the trace of the fated Julia!  It
seems to the inquirer as if the air had been gradually changed into a
sulphurous vapor; the inmates of the vaults had rushed to the door, to
find it closed and blocked up by the scoria without, and in their
attempts to force it, had been suffocated with the atmosphere.

In the garden was found a skeleton with a key by its bony hand, and near
it a bag of coins.  This is believed to have been the master of the
house--the unfortunate Diomed, who had probably sought to escape by the
garden, and been destroyed either by the vapors or some fragment of
stone.  Beside some silver vases lay another skeleton, probably of a

The houses of Sallust and of Pansa, the Temple of Isis, with the
juggling concealments behind the statues--the lurking-place of its holy
oracles--are now bared to the gaze of the curious.  In one of the
chambers of that temple was found a huge skeleton with an axe beside it:
two walls had been pierced by the axe--the victim could penetrate no
farther.  In the midst of the city was found another skeleton, by the
side of which was a heap of coins, and many of the mystic ornaments of
the fane of Isis.  Death had fallen upon him in his avarice, and Calenus
perished simultaneously with Burbo!  As the excavators cleared on
through the mass of ruin, they found the skeleton of a man literally
severed in two by a prostrate column; the skull was of so striking a
conformation, so boldly marked in its intellectual as well as its worse
physical developments, that it has excited the constant speculation of
every itinerant believer in the theories of Spurzheim who has gazed upon
that ruined palace of the mind.  Still, after the lapse of ages, the
traveler may survey that airy hall within whose cunning galleries and
elaborate chambers once thought, reasoned, dreamed, and sinned, the soul
of Arbaces the Egyptian.

Viewing the various witnesses of a social system which has passed from
the world for ever--a stranger, from that remote and barbarian Isle
which the Imperial Roman shivered when he named, paused amidst the
delights of the soft Campania and composed this history!

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