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Title: How Women Love - (Soul Analysis)
Author: Nordau, Max Simon, 1849-1923
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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(Soul Analysis.)

Translated from the German of


Author of "Degeneration," "The Malady of the Century,"
"The Comedy of Sentiment," Etc., Etc

Copyright, 1898, by F. T. Neely.
Copyright, 1901, by Hurst & Co.
New York
Hurst & Company


   Justice or Revenge

   Prince and Peasant

   The Art of Growing Old

   How Women Love

   A Midsummer Night's Dream



A more unequally matched couple than the cartwright Molnár and his wife
can seldom be seen.  When, on Sunday, the pair went to church through
the main street of Kisfalu, an insignificant village in the Pesth
county, every one looked after them, though every child, nay, every cur
in the hamlet, knew them and, during the five years since their
marriage, might have become accustomed to the spectacle.  But it seemed
as though it produced an ever new and surprising effect upon the by no
means sensitive inhabitants of Kisfalu, who imposed no constraint upon
themselves to conceal the emotions awakened by the sight of the Molnár
pair.  They never called the husband by any other name than "Csunya
Pista," ugly Stephen.  And he well merited the epithet.  He was
one-eyed, had a broken, shapeless nose, and an ugly scar, on which no
hair grew, upon his upper lip, so that his moustache looked as if it
had been shaven off there; to complete the picture, one of his upper
eye-teeth and incisors were missing, and he had the unpleasant habit of
putting his tongue into these gaps in his upper row of teeth, which
rendered his countenance still more repulsive.

The wife, on the contrary, was a very beautiful woman, a magnificent
type of the Magyar race.  She was tall, powerful, only perhaps a trifle
too broad-shouldered.  Her intensely dark hair and sparkling black eyes
suited the warm bronze hue of her plump face, which, with its little
mouth filled with magnificent teeth, its fresh full lips, the
transparent, enamel like crimson of the firm, round cheeks, and the
somewhat low, but beautifully formed brow, suggested a newly-ripe
peach.  This unusually healthy countenance, overspread with a light
down, involuntarily produced in the spectator the impression that it
must exhale a warm, intoxicating, spicy fragrance; it looked so
tempting that one would fain have bitten it.

This had been much the feeling of the Uhlan officers who, with part of
a company of men, were stationed in Kisfalu.  From the first day that
the three gentlemen had entered their village garrison the beautiful
woman had attracted their attention, and they had seen in the husband's
ugliness a pleasant encouragement to make gallant advances.  The
captain, a Bohemian gentleman, was the first to introduce himself to
the fair wife.  The morning of the second day after his arrival in the
hamlet, taking advantage of the absence of the master of the house, he
stole into the miserable clay hut tenanted by the ill-assorted pair,
but remained inside only a few minutes, after which he came out with a
deeply-flushed face and somewhat hasty steps, cast stealthy glances
around him to the right and left, and then hurried away.  In the
afternoon of the same day, the young lieutenant tried his luck, but he
too left the cartwright's hut more quickly than he had entered, and not
exactly with the air of a conqueror.  In the evening the three
gentlemen met in the spare room of the tavern where they took their
meals, and were remarkably taciturn and ill-tempered.  On the third day
the slender, handsome first lieutenant called on the cartwright's wife.
He was a far-famed conqueror of women's hearts, which he was accustomed
to win with as little trouble as a child gathers strawberries in the
woods, and was envied by the whole regiment for his numberless
successes, which he did not treat with too much reticence.  This time
the adventure lasted somewhat longer; those who were passing heard loud
outcries and uproar for a short time, as if a wrestling match were
going on in the hut, and the letter-carrier, an old woman, who was just
going by, even stood still in surprise and curiosity.  The curiosity
was satisfied, for she soon saw the handsome Uhlan officer rush out,
pressing his hand to his cheek as if he had a violent toothache.  He
looked very much dishevelled and made off with noticeable haste.  He
did not appear in the tavern at noon, so in the afternoon his two
comrades sent their orderlies to him to enquire about his health; in
the evening he joined them at table and showed his astonished friends a
broad strip of black court-plaster on his right cheek.

"What does that mean?" asked the captain.

"It seems to be a bad cut," observed the lieutenant.

"Razor? sword-stroke? cat's claw?" continued the captain, pursuing his

"Woman's nails!" burst forth the Don Juan of the regiment, and now the
game of hide-and-seek between the trio ended, and they bewailed to one
another, with comic despair, the ill-luck they had all encountered.

She had courteously asked the captain to what she owed the honour of
his visit, and when, instead of answering, he pinched her plump cheek
and put his arm around her waist, she flew into a passion and pointed
to the door with the voice and gesture of an insulted queen.  The
lieutenant had found her far more ungracious; she did not ask what he
desired, but angrily thundered, almost before he crossed the threshold,
an order to march which permitted neither remonstrance nor refusal;
finally, at the appearance of the first lieutenant, she had passed from
the position of defence to that of assault, shrieked at him with a
crimson face and flashing eyes to be off at once, if he valued the
smooth skin of his cheeks; and when, somewhat bewildered, yet not
wholly intimidated, he had ventured, notwithstanding this by no means
encouraging reception, to attempt to seize and embrace her, as he was
accustomed to do with the colonel's wife's maid, when, making eyes at
him in the ante-room, she whispered under her breath: "Let me go, or
I'll scream!" she rushed upon him literally like a wild-cat, and, in an
instant, so mauled him that he could neither hear nor see, and
considered himself fortunate to find his way out quickly.  And when all
three heroes had finished their tragi-comic general confession, they
unanimously exclaimed: "The woman has the very devil in her!"

They would have learned this truth without being obliged to pass
through all sorts of experiences, if, instead of indulging in
self-complacent speculations concerning the possible combination of
circumstances which had united the beautiful woman to so ugly a man,
they had enquired about the cause of this remarkable phenomenon.  They
would then have heard a strange tale which might have deterred them
from finding in Molnár's hideousness encouragement to pursue his wife
with gallantries.


Yes, Molnár's wife had the devil in her, and it was her family
heritage.  Her father, a poor cottager and day labourer, had been in
his youth one of the most notorious and boldest brawlers in the
neighborhood; even now, when prematurely aged and half-broken down by
want and hard work, people willingly avoided him and did not sit at the
same table in the tavern if it could be helped.  In former years he had
been a frequent inmate of the county prison, where the bruises and cuts
received in the brawl on whose account he was incarcerated had time to
heal; two years before he had been in jail three months because he had
used a manure-fork to prevent a tax-collector from seizing his bed, and
the beautiful Panna had then gone to the capital once or twice a week
to carry him cheese, wine, bread, and underclothing, and otherwise make
his situation easier, so far as she could.

The family vice of sudden fits of passion had increased to a tragedy in
the destiny of the only son.  He was a handsome fellow, slender as a
pine-tree, the image of his sister, whom he loved with a tenderness
very unusual among peasants; he early became the supporter and
companion of his father in his Sunday brawls, and the village was not
at all displeased when he was drafted into the army.  It would have
been an easy matter, as he was an only son, to release him from
military service, but he was obliged to go because two fathers of
soldiers could not be found in the village to give the testimony
necessary for his liberation.  He became a conscript in 1865, and, a
year after, the double war between Prussia and Italy broke out.  The
young fellow's regiment was stationed in the Venetian provinces.  One
night he was assigned to outpost duty in the field; the enemy was not
near, it was mid-summer, a sultry night, and the poor wretch fell
asleep.  Unfortunately, the commander of the guard, a young lieutenant
full of over-zeal for the service, was inspecting the outposts and
discovered the sleeper, to whom he angrily gave a kick to recall him to
consciousness of his duty.  The lad started up, and without hesitation
or reflection, dealt his assailant a furious blow in the face.  There
was a great uproar, soldiers rushed forward, and had the utmost
difficulty in mastering the enraged young fellow; he was taken to
headquarters in irons, and, after a short trial by court-martial, shot
on the same day.  The family did not learn the terrible news until
weeks later, from a dry official letter of the regimental commander.
How terrible was the grief of the father and sister!  The man aged ten
years in a week, and the girl, at that time a child twelve years old,
became so pale and thin from sorrow that the neighbors thought she
would not survive it.  Not survive it?  What do we not outlive!  She
conquered the anguish and developed into the most beautiful maiden in
the village.

There was an austere charm, an unintentional, unconscious attraction in
her, which won every one.  Her notorious origin was not visited upon
her, and even the rich girls in the village gladly made her their
friend.  While at work in the fields she sang in a ringing voice; in
the spinning-room, in winter, she was full of jests and merry tales, as
gay and gracious as beseemed her age.  Probably on account of her
vivacious temperament and the feeling of vigour which robust health
bestows, she was extremely fond of dancing, and never failed on Sundays
to appear in the large courtyard of the tavern when, in the afternoon,
the whirling and stamping began.  Her beauty would doubtless have made
her the most popular partner among the girls, had not the lads felt a
certain fear of her.  A purring kitten among her girl companions, ready
to give and take practical jokes, she was all claws and teeth against
men, and many a bold youth who, after the dance, attempted to take the
usual liberties, met with so severe a rebuff that he bore for a week a
memento in the shape of a scratch across his whole face.  Therefore she
did not have a superabundance of partners, and thus escaped the
jealousy which, otherwise, her charms would certainly have roused in
the other girls.

A dispensation of Providence rendered her irritability the means of
deciding the whole course of her life.

One Sunday, late in the summer, soon after the reaping and threshing
were over--she was then twenty--she again stood in the bright warm
afternoon sunshine in the spacious courtyard of the village tavern,
among a gay group of giggling lasses, waiting with joyful impatience
for the dancing to begin.  The two village gipsies who made bricks
during the week and played on Sundays, were already there, leaning
against one of the wooden pillars of the porch in front of the house,
and tuning their fiddles.  The lads crowded together, shouting jesting
remarks to the group of girls, who answered them promptly and to the
point.  One after another the young men left their companions and took
from the laughing bevy of maidens a partner, who, as village custom
required, at first resisted, but finally yielded to the gentle
force--not without some pleasantly exciting struggling and pulling--and
was soon whirling around with her cavalier amid shouting and stamping,
till the dust rose in clouds.

The beautiful Panna, for reasons already known to us, was not the first
person invited to dance.  But at last her turn came also, and she could
jump with a neighbour's son, till she was out of breath, to her heart's
content.  After spending more than fifteen minutes in vigourous, rapid
motion, she finally sank, in happy exhaustion, upon a pile of bricks
near a coach-house which was being built, and with flaming cheeks and
panting bosom struggled for breath.  Pista, the cartwright, profited by
the moment to approach, and with gay cries and gestures invite her to
dance again.  Pista was a handsome fellow, but had the unfortunate
propensity of drinking on Sundays, and this time was evidently
intoxicated.  The vinous suitor was not to Panna's taste, besides, she
was already tired, and she did not answer his first speech.  But as he
did not desist, but seized her arm to drag her up and away by force,
she tartly answered that she would not dance now.  This only made him
still more persistent.

"Why, why, you fierce little darling, do you suppose you can't be
mastered?" he cried, trying with both hands to seize her beautiful
black head to press a smack upon her lips.  She thrust him back once,
twice, with a more and more violent shove, but he returned to the
attack, becoming ruder and more vehement.  Then she lost her
self-control, and the choleric family blood suddenly seethed in her
veins.  Bending down to the heap of bricks on which she had just sat,
she grasped a fragment and, with the speed of lightning, dealt her
persecutor a furious blow.  Misfortune guided her hand, and she struck
him full in the face.  Pista shrieked and staggered to the neighbouring
wall, against which he leaned half-fainting, while between the fingers
of the hands which he had raised to the wounded spot, the red blood
gushed in a horribly abundant stream.

All this had been the work of a moment, and the young people who filled
the courtyard did not notice the outrageous act until the mischief was
done.  Shrieks, running hither and thither, and confusion followed.
The fiddlers stopped and stretched their necks, but prudently kept
aloof, as they had learned to do during frequent brawls; the girls
screamed and wrung their hands, the youths shouted hasty questions,
crowding around their bleeding companion.  Water was quickly procured,
cold bandages were applied to the swollen, shapeless face, and other
efforts were made to relieve him, while at the same time he was
besieged with questions about the event.

After dealing the fatal blow Panna had stood for a moment deadly pale,
as if paralyzed, and then darted off as though pursued by fiends.
Perhaps this was fortunate, for she would have fared badly if the
enraged lads had had her in their power, when all, amid the confused
medley of outcries, had learned the truth.  There was no time to pursue
her, for Pista seemed to be constantly growing worse; the cold water
and fomentations did not stop the bleeding; he soon lost consciousness
and lay on the ground amid the terrified, helpless group, an inert
mass, until some one made the sensible proposal to carry him home to
his mother, a poor widow, which, with their united strength, was
instantly done.

Meanwhile, Panna had rushed to her own home, locked herself in, and sat
on the bench by the stove, an image of grief and despair.  She was
incapable of coherent thought, nothing but the spectacle of the
bleeding Pista staggering against the wall, stood distinctly before her
mind.  But she could not give herself up to her desolate brooding long:
at the end of fifteen minutes the bolted door shook violently.  She
started up and listened; it was her father, and she reluctantly went to
the door and opened it.  The old man entered, shot the bolt behind him,
and asked in a trembling voice:

"For God's sake, child, what have you done?'"

Panna burst into a flood of tears; they were the first she had shed
since the incident described.

"He pressed upon me too boldly.  And I didn't mean to do it.  I only
wanted to keep him off."

"You were possessed.  The devil is in us.  To kill a man by a blow!"

The girl shrieked aloud.  "Kill, do you say?"

"Sol was just told.  They say he is dead."

"That is impossible, it's a lie," Panna murmured in a hollow tone,
while her face looked corpse-like.  She seemed to cower into herself
and to grow smaller, as if the earth was swallowing her by inches.  But
this condition lasted only a few minutes, then she roused herself and
hurried out, ere her father could detain her.  She entered a narrow
path which ran behind the houses and was usually deserted, and raced as
fast as her feet would carry her to the hut occupied by Frau Molnár,
which was close at hand.  Springing across the narrow ditch which
bordered the back of the yard, she hurried through the kitchen-garden
behind the house and in an instant was in the only room it contained
except the kitchen.  On the bed lay a human form from which came a
groan, and beside it sat old Frau Molnár, who wrung her hands without
turning her eyes from her suffering son.  Thank God, he was not dead,
the first glance at the piteous scene showed that.  Panna involuntarily
clasped her hands and uttered a deep sigh of relief.  Frau Molnár now
first noticed Panna's entrance; at first she seemed unable to believe
her eyes, and gazed fixedly at the girl, with her mouth wide open, then
starting up she rushed at her and began to belabour her with both
fists, while heaping, in a voice choked by fury, the most horrible
invectives upon her head.  Panna feebly warded off the blows with
outstretched arms, hung her head, and stammered softly:

"Frau Molnár, Frau Molnár, spare the sick man, it will hurt him if you
make such a noise.  Have pity on me and tell me what the injury is."

"You insolent wench, you God-forsaken,"--a fresh torrent of vile
invectives followed--"do you still venture to cross my threshold?
Begone, or I'll serve you as you did my poor Pista."

The mother again gained the ascendancy over the vengeful woman.

She turned from Panna, and hastened to her son, on whom she flung
herself, wailing aloud and weeping.  The girl took advantage of the
diversion to leave the room slowly, unnoticed.  She had seen enough;
Pista was alive; but he must be badly injured, for his whole head was
wrapped in bandages, and he had evidently neither seen nor heard
anything of the last scene which, moreover, had lasted only a brief

Panna did not go far.  A wooden bench stood by the wall of the house
under the little window of the kitchen, which looked out into the yard.
Here she sat down and remained motionless until it grew dark.  She had
seen by the bandages that the doctor must have been there, and hoped
that he would return in the evening.  If this hope was not fulfilled,
she could go to him without danger after nightfall, for she was
determined to speak to him that very day and obtain the information
which Pista's mother had refused.  Before darkness had entirely closed
in the physician really did appear, and entered the hut without heeding
the girl sitting on a bench near the door, perhaps without noticing
her.  Panna waited patiently till, at the end of a long quarter of an
hour, he came out, then, with swift decision she went up to him and
touched his arm.  He turned and when he recognized her, exclaimed in
surprise: "Panna!"

"Softly, Doctor," she pleaded with glance and voice, then added: "Tell
me frankly how he is, frankly, I entreat you."

"You have done something very, very bad there," replied the physician
hesitatingly, then paused.

"His life is not in danger?"

"Perhaps not, but he will be a cripple all his days.  One eye is
completely destroyed, the nose entirely crushed, the upper lip gashed
entirely through, and two teeth are gone."

"Horrible, horrible!" groaned Panna, wringing her hands in speechless

"He will not lose his life, as I said, though he has lost a great deal
of blood from the wound in the lips, and the lost eye may yet cause us
trouble, but the poor fellow will remain a monster all his days.  No
girl will ever look at him again."

"There's no need of it," she answered hastily, and when the physician
looked at her questioningly, she went on more quietly as if talking to
herself: "If only he gets well, if he is only able to be up again."
Then, thanking the doctor, she bade him good-night, and returned slowly
and absently to her father's hut.

All night long Panna tossed sleeplessly on her bed, and with the
earliest dawn she rose, went to her father, who was also awake, and
begged him to go to old Frau Molnár and entreat her forgiveness and
permission for her, Panna, to nurse the wounded man.

At the same time she took from her neck a pretty silver crucifix, such
as peasant women wear, a heritage from her mother, who died young, and
gave it to her father to offer to the old woman as an atonement.  She
had nothing more valuable, or she would have bestowed it too.

"That is well done," said her father, and went out to discharge his
duty as messenger.

It was a hard nut which he had to crack.  The old mother was again
fierce and wrathful and received him with a face as black as night; but
he accosted her gently, reminded her of her Christian faith, and
finally handed her the silver atonement.  This touched the old dame's
heart.  She burst into a torrent of tears, upbraided him with the
magnitude of her misery, said that she would never be able to forgive,
but she saw that the girl had acted without any evil design, that she
was sorry----

Pista, who had been delirious during the night, but was now better, had
hitherto listened quietly and intently.  Now he interrupted the flood
of words his mother poured forth amid her sobs, and said softly, yet

"Panna is not entirely to blame; I was persistent, I was tipsy, she was
right to defend herself.  True, she need not have been so savage, but
how can she help her blood?  I ought to have taken care of myself; I
ought to have known whom I was chaffing."  Then, turning to the
visitor, he added: "If it will soothe Panna to know that I am not angry
with her, send your daughter here, and I will tell her so myself."

Fifteen minutes later Panna was in the Molnárs' hut.  She entreated the
old mother to attend to her household affairs and not trouble herself
about the sick man; that should be her care.   She arranged the
wretched bed, cleared up the room, brought Pista water to drink when he
felt thirsty, and when everything was done, sat silently beside the
bed.  Pista quietly submitted to everything, and only gazed strangely
with his one eye at the beautiful girl.

In the course of the morning the physician came and renewed the
bandages.  Panna stood by his side and kept all sorts of things ready,
but she did not have courage to look at the wounds.  The doctor thought
it would be beneficial to have ice.  But where was ice to be obtained
in a village at this season of the year!  The brewery probably had
some, but would not be likely to give any away.  Panna said nothing,
but when the bandages had been renewed and the physician had gone, she
hurried directly to the brewery, went to the manager, a good-natured,
beery old fellow, and entreated him, in touching words, for some ice
for a sick person.  The manager blinked at her with his little
half-shut eyes, and answered: "You can have it, my child, but not

Panna lowered her eyes and murmured mournfully: "I will pay what you
ask, only not now, I haven't any money, surely you will wait a little

"It needn't be cash, one little kiss will do."

Panna flushed crimson, and a flash of anger like the lightning of a
sudden storm blazed over her face; but she controlled herself and held
up her compressed lips to the voluptuary, who rudely smacked them and
then took from her hand the pipkin she had brought, returning it in a
few minutes filled with ice.

The supply did not last long, but, when it was exhausted, Panna did not
go herself, sending in her place old Frau Molnár with a pleasant
greeting to the manager of the brewery.  True, the latter frowned and
sneeringly asked why Her Highness did not appear in person, but he had
wisdom enough to give the ice for which she asked.

At the end of a week Pista had improved so much that the ice-bandages
were no longer needed, and he did not require constant nursing.  Panna
who, hitherto, had come early in the morning and returned late in the
evening, now appeared only twice a day to enquire for the sick man and
bring him some refreshment, if it were only a handful of blackberries.
Of course, during all this time, there was no end of putting heads
together and whispering, but Panna did not trouble herself about it,
and quietly obeyed the dictates of her conscience.

Thus three weeks had passed since the fateful day.  When, on the third
Sunday, Panna entered the Molnár's hut at the usual hour, this time
with a small bottle of wine under her apron, she found Pista, for the
first time, up, and dressed.  He was just turning his back to the door
as the girl came in.  She uttered a little exclamation of surprise,
Pista turned quickly and--Panna started back with a sudden shriek, the
flask fell shattered on the floor, and she covered her face with both
hands.  It was her first sight of the young man's horribly disfigured
countenance without a bandage.

Pista went up to the trembling girl and said mournfully: "I frightened
you, but it must have happened some day.  I felt just as you do now
when, a week ago, I made my mother hand me a looking-glass for the
first time.  I see that it will be best for me to become a Capuchin
monk, henceforth I must give up appearing before the eyes of girls."

Panna hastily let her hands fall, gazed full at him with her sparkling
black eyes, and said gently:

"You always have girls in your head.  Must you please them all?
Wouldn't one satisfy you?"

"Why, of course, but the one must be had first," replied Pista, with
forced cheerfulness.

Panna flushed crimson and made no reply; Pista looked at her in
surprise and doubt, but also remained silent, and in a few minutes the
girl went away with drooping head.

Pista now went to work again and endured days of bitter suffering.  He
was ridiculed because a girl had thrashed him, the cruel nickname of
"the Hideous One" was given him, people gazed at him with horror
whenever he appeared in the street.  Panna continued to visit him every
Sunday, but he received her distantly, taciturnly, even sullenly.

So Christmas came.  On Christmas Eve Panna had a long talk with her
father, and the next morning, after church, he again went to old Frau
Molnár and without any preamble, said bluntly and plainly:

"Why won't Pista marry my Panna?"

The widow clasped her hands and answered:

"Would she take him?"

"You are all blind mice together," scolded the peasant, "of course she
would, or surely she wouldn't do what she has done for months past.
Isn't it enough that she runs after the obstinate blockhead?  She can't
ask him to have her."

Just then Pista himself came in.  His mother hesitatingly told him what
she had just heard, and the old woman looked at him enquiringly and
expectantly.  When the young man heard what they were discussing he
became very pale and agitated, but at first said nothing.  Not until
his mother and the guest assailed him impatiently with "Well?" and "Is
it all right?" did he summon up his composure and reply:

"Panna is a good girl, and may God bless her.  But I, too, am no
scoundrel.  Honest folk would spit in my face, if I should accept
Panna's sacrifice.  I'd rather live a bachelor forever than let her do
me a favour and poison her own life."

His mother and would-be father-in-law talked in vain, he still

"I cannot believe that Panna loves me, and I won't take favours."

The simple, narrow-minded fellow did not know that the sense of justice
and absolute necessity can move a human soul as deeply, urge it as
strongly to resolves, as love itself, so from his standpoint he really
was perfectly right.

To cut the matter short: Pista remained obdurate from Christmas until
New Year, notwithstanding that his mother and Panna's father beset him
early and late.  The girl suffered very keenly during this period, and
her eyes were always reddened by tears.  But when New Year came, and
still Pista did not bestir himself, the strong, noble girl, after
violent conflicts in her artless mind, formed a great resolution, went
to Pista herself, and said without circumlocution, excitement, or

"I understand your pride and, if I were a man, would behave as you do.
But I beg you to have pity on me.  If you don't have an aversion to me,
or love another, marry me.  I shall not do you a favour, you will do me
one.  Unless I become your wife, I shall never be happy and contented
so long as I live, but always miserable whenever I think of you.  As
your wife, I shall be at peace, and satisfied with myself.  That you
are now ugly is of no consequence.  I shall see you as you were,
before--"  Here, for the first time, she hesitated, then with a sudden
transition, not without a faint smile, said:

"And it will have its good side, too, I shall not be obliged to be

"But I shall!" exclaimed Pista, who had hitherto listened in silence.

"Nor you either, Pista," she said quickly, "for whenever I see your
face I shall say to myself how much I must make amends to you and,
believe me, it will bind me far more firmly than the handsomest
features could."

Pista was not a man of great intellect or loquacious speech.  He now
threw his arms around Panna's neck, patted her, caressed her, covered
her head and her face with kisses, and burst into weeping that would
soften a stone.  Panna wept a little, too, then they remained together
until long after noon and, in the evening, went to the spinning-room
and presented themselves as betrothed lovers.  Three weeks after they
were married amid a great crowd of the villagers, some of whom pitied
Pista, others Panna, and from that time until the moment when the
incidents about to be described occurred, they lived together five
years in a loyal, model marriage.


Besides the church and the tile-roofed town hall built of stone, the
main street of Kisfalu contained only one edifice of any pretension,
the manor or, as it is called in Hungary, "the castle" of Herr von
Abonyi.  It was really a very ordinary structure, only it had a second
story, stood on an artificial mound, to which on both sides there was a
very gentle ascent, and above the ever open door was a moss-grown
escutcheon, grey with age, on which a horseman, with brandished sword,
could be discerned in vague outlines, worn by time and weather.

The owner of this mansion, Herr von Abonyi, was a bachelor about fifty
years old.

His family had lived more than three hundred years on their ancestral
estates, which, it is true, were now considerably diminished, and he
was connected by ties of blood or marriage with all the nobility in the
county of Pesth.  Up to the year 1848 the whole village of Kisfalu,
with all its peasants, fields, and feudal prerogatives (such as mill,
fish, tavern and other privileges) belonged to the Abonyis, and the
present lord, Carl von Abonyi, came from that gloomy time, termed--I
know not why--"patriarchal," when the peasant had no rights, and the
nobleman dwelt in his castle like a little god, omnipotent,
unapproachable, only not all-wise and all-good, walked through his
village whip in hand, like an American "Massa," and dealt the peasant a
blow across the face if he did not bow humbly and quickly enough,
ordered the village Jew to be brought to the manor, stretched on a
bench by two strong lackeys (called in Hungary heiducks) and soundly
thrashed whenever he felt a desire for cheap amusement; regarded the
women of the village, without exception, as his natural harem, spent
his days and nights in immoderate feasting and wild drinking, derived
all his education from the Bible with 32 leaves (the number of cards
contained in the pack commonly used in the country), and only displayed
to ladies of his own station a certain romantic chivalry, which was
manifested in rude brawling with real or imaginary rivals, unrestricted
duelling on the most trivial pretext, exaggerated gallantry and ardent
homage, serenades which lasted all night long under the windows of the
favoured fair, and similar impassioned, but tasteless eccentricities.
At the present time all this has certainly greatly changed, but many of
the nobles who, in the year 1848, the period of the vast
transformation, had partly or wholly attained maturity, could not or
would not adapt themselves wholly to the new era; in their inmost
hearts they still consider themselves the sovereign lords of the soil
and its inhabitants, and it is with rage and gnashing of teeth that
they force themselves not to display this feeling in words and deeds at
every opportunity.

Abonyi, an only son, was a lieutenant in the Palatine Hussars, when the
revolution of 1848 broke out.  He at once joined the honveds with his
troop and, in their ranks, performed, until the close of the war for
freedom, prodigies of daring on every battle field, rising, in spite of
his youth, within less than eleven months, to the rank of
lieutenant-colonel.  After the disaster of Vilagos, he fled from the
country and spent several years in Turkey as a cavalry officer.  In
1860, he again returned home and took possession of his estates, which
since his father's death, occurring meanwhile, had been managed by a
legally appointed trustee.  What wrath and raging there was!  The
regulation of property-ownership had been executed during the
trusteeship, and as Abonyi believed, with outrageous curtailment and
robbery of the lords of the estate.  The best, most fertile fields--so
he asserted--had been allotted to the parish, the most sandy, barren
tracts of the land to him; the parish had the beautiful oak forest,
which had already been shamefully ravaged, he, on the other hand,
received the reed-grown, marshy border of the stream; in the division
of the pasturage the peasants had the easily cultivated plain, which
was therefore at once ploughed by the new owners, he, on the contrary,
the gravelly, steep hillside; in short, he was almost insane with rage
when he first saw what the commission had made of his land, and the
trustee who had unresistingly agreed to all these unjust acts would
have fared badly, if he could have laid hands upon him the first time
he went to inspect the bounds of the parish.  There was nothing for him
to do, however, except to adapt himself to the new state of affairs as
well as he could; for nothing could be accomplished by indictments,
because the trustee had possessed full legal authority to act, and
everything had been done in strict accordance with the law.  Far less
could he hope to effect anything by violence, since peasants understand
no jesting if their beloved acres are touched, and, at the first sign
of any intention on his part to disturb their possessions, would
quickly have set fire to his house and, moreover, tattooed on his body,
with the tines of a pitchfork, a protest to which a counter-plea would
scarcely have been possible.  Only he could never carry self-control
and composure so far that, after nearly twenty years' habitude, he did
not become furiously excited at the sight of certain pieces of land,
and experience something akin to a paroxysm of longing to shoot, like a
mad dog, the first peasant who came in his way.

The disposition to command, which he had indulged from childhood, he
was unwilling even now to renounce.  Under existing circumstances his
name and property alone would certainly no longer permit him to indulge
this habit, so he sought an office.  When the Austrian magistrates were
removed in Hungary and the ancient county government restored, Abonyi
had only needed to express the wish, and the "congregation" of the
county, which consisted almost exclusively of his relatives and
friends, elected him president of the tribune[1] of his district.

Now he could imagine himself transported back to the fine old feudal
times before the March revolution.  The peasants were again obliged to
raise their hats humbly to him, his hand dispensed justice and mercy,
the ancestral rod was brandished at his sign, and the whipping bench, a
pleasing symbol of his power, always stood ready below the windows of
his castle.  When he drove through the country on official business or
pleasure, his carriage was drawn by four horses with a harness hung
with bells; if a peasant's cart was in the way and did not hasten at
the sound of the familiar little bells to move out, the heiduck in
coloured livery, with a sword at his side, sitting by the driver,
shouted an order and an oath to the laggard, and the coachman, while
dashing by, dealt the disrespectful loiterer a well-aimed blow.  He
might even fare still worse if the humor happened to seize the grandee
in the spring carriage.

It would no longer do to get the village Jew and have him flogged for
pastime on long afternoons; but there were still gipsies who were
summoned to the castle to make sport for the noble lord.  They played
their bewitching melodies, and if he was filled with genuine delight,
he gave the fiddlers, right and left, an enthusiastic slap in the face
which echoed noisily, then took a banknote from his pocket-book, spit
upon it and clapped it on the swollen cheeks of the howling gipsies,
whereupon they again grinned joyfully and played on with two-fold

Although Abonyi was a pattern magistrate, at the second election, which
according to the old county system, occurred every three years, he
suffered defeat.  Political party considerations and government
influence sustained another candidate.  So Abonyi was again relegated
to private life, but his birth and the office he had filled gave him
sufficient personal distinction to induce his village, immediately
after, to compensate him in some degree for his overthrow by a
unanimous election to the position of parish magistrate.

This gentleman, with whose course of life and prominent personal
characteristics we are now familiar, went one hot August afternoon to
the stables, which formed the back of the courtyard, to inspect the
horses and carriages, as was his custom.

Abonyi was in a very bad humour that day, for there had been a violent
dispute with the harvesters, who cut and threshed on shares, and who
had claimed more grain for their portion than seemed just to the owner
of the estate.  It did not improve his mood to find that his favourite
saddle-horse had its right hind fetlock badly swollen and could not be
used for a week.  So he entered the coach-house, half of which,
separated by a board-partition, served for a hay-loft.

The first thing on which his eye fell here was a man lying stretched
comfortably on the straw, snoring.  He recognized in the sluggard
"hideous Pista," who had been summoned to the castle that morning to
put new spokes into some broken carriage-wheels.  The work he had
commenced, a chaos of naves, spokes, fellies, tires, and a variety of
tools, lay in a heap beside him, but he was sleeping the sleep of the

It needed nothing more to fan Abonyi's secret rage into a blaze of
fury, and he shouted fiercely:

"Devil take you, you idler, will you get off of my hay?"

Pista, evidently not fully roused by the call, merely grunted a little
in his dream and turned over to continue his nap.  But the other could
now control himself no longer, and dealt the recumbent figure a violent
kick, roaring:

"Up, I say, up, you gallows-bird, you're paid for working, not for

Pista, with a sudden spring, stood on his feet, and was instantly wide
awake.  Looking angrily at the brutal intruder with his one eye, he
said in a voice quivering with suppressed anger: "I'm not working for
you by the day, but by the job, and if I sleep, I do it at my own loss,
not yours.  Besides, I don't remember that I ever drank the pledge of
brotherhood with you."

Abonyi threw up his head, his face growing crimson as if he had
received a blow on the cheek.

"What," he shrieked, "does the rascal dare to insult me under my own
roof?  I'll teach you at once who I am, and who you are."  And he
raised the riding-whip which he usually carried, to deal Pista a blow.

The latter's kindly, free peasant blood began to boil.  Taking a step
backward, he grasped a pitchfork lying within reach of his hand, and
hissed through the gaps in his teeth, as he brandished the weapon of

"Woe betide you if you touch me!  I'll run the fork into you, as true
as God lives!"

Abonyi uttered a fierce imprecation and hastily retreated three paces
to the door, where he called back to the cartwright, who still
maintained his threatening attitude: "This will cost you dear, you
scoundrel!" and before Pista could suspect what his enemy meant to do,
the latter had shut the door and bolted it on the outside.

Pista's first movement was to throw himself against the door to burst
it open with his shoulder, but he paused instinctively as he heard
Abonyi's voice, shouting loudly outside.

"János," called the latter to the coachman, who stood washing the
horses' harnesses beside the coach-house door, "go up to my chamber and
bring me down the revolver, the one on the table by the bed, not the
other which hangs on the wall!"

János went, and stillness reigned in the courtyard.  Now the prisoner's
rage burst forth.  "Open! open!" he roared, drumming furiously on the
oak-door.  Abonyi, who was keeping guard, at first said nothing, but as
the man inside shouted and shook more violently, he called to him:  "Be
quiet, my son, you'll be let out presently, not to your beautiful wife,
but to the parish jail."

"Open!" yelled the voice inside again, "or I'll set fire to the hay and
burn down your flayer's hut."

This was an absurd, ridiculous threat, for in the first place Pista, if
he had really attempted to execute it, would have stifled and roasted
himself before the mansion received the slightest injury, and besides,
as examination afterwards proved, he had neither matches nor tinder
with him; but Abonyi pretended to take the boast seriously and cried

"Better and better!  You are a sly fellow!  First you threaten me with
murder, now with arson; keep on, run up a big reckoning, when the time
for settlement comes, we will both be present."

János now appeared and, with a very grave face, handed his master the

"Now, my lad," Abonyi ordered, "run over to the town-hall, bring a pair
of strong hand-cuffs and the little judge,[2] the rascal will be put in

Pista had again heard and remained silent because he had perceived that
blustering and raging were useless.  So he stood inside and Abonyi
outside of the door, both gazing sullenly into vacancy in excited
anticipation.  The gardener, who was laying out a flower-bed which
surrounded three sides of the fountain in the centre of the courtyard,
had witnessed the whole scene from the beginning, but remained at his
work, apparently without interest.

The town-hall was only a hundred paces distant.  In less than five
minutes János returned with the beadle.  Abonyi now retreated a few
steps, aimed the revolver, and ordered the beadle to open the door.
The bolt flew back, the sides of the folding door rattled apart, and
Pista was seen on the threshold with his hideous, still horribly
distorted face, the pitchfork yet in his right hand.

"Forward, march!" Abonyi ordered, and the cartwright stepped
hesitatingly out into the courtyard.

"Put down the pitchfork, vagabond, it belongs to me," the nobleman
again commanded.

Pista cast a flashing glance at him and saw the muzzle of the revolver
turned toward himself.  He silently put down the fork and prepared to

"Now the irons," Abonyi turned to his men, at the same time shouting to
the gardener, "You fellow there, can't you come and help?"

The gardener pretended not to hear and continued to be absorbed in his
blossoming plants.  But, at Abonyi's last words, Pista swiftly seized
the pitchfork again, shrieking:

"Back, whoever values his life!  I'll go voluntarily, I need not be
chained, I'm no sharper or thief."

The coachman and the beadle with the handcuffs hesitated at the sight
of the threatening pitchfork.

"Am I parish-magistrate or not?" raged Abonyi, "do I command here or
not?  The vagabond presumes to be refractory, the irons, I say, or----"

Both the servants made a hasty movement toward Pista, the latter
retreated to the door of the coach-house, swinging the pitchfork, the
beadle was just seizing his arm, when a shot was suddenly fired.  A
shrill shriek followed, and Pista fell backward into the barn.

"Now he has got it," said Abonyi, in a low tone, but he had grown very
pale.  The coachman and the beadle stood beside the door as though
turned to stone, and the gardener came forward slowly and gloomily.

"See what's wrong with him," the nobleman ordered after a pause, during
which a death-like silence reigned in the group.

János timidly approached the motionless form lying in the shade of the
barn, bent over it, listened, and touched it.  After a short time he
stood up again, and, with a terribly frightened face, said in a voice
barely audible:

"The hole is in the forehead, your honour, he doesn't move, he doesn't
breathe, I fear"--then after a slight hesitation, very gently--"he is

Abonyi stared at him, and finally said:

"So much the worse, carry him away from there--home--" and went slowly
into the castle.

The servants looked after him a few moments in bewilderment, then laid
the corpse upon two wheels, which they placed on poles, and bore him
off on this improvised bier.  This time the gardener lent his aid.

[1] A Hungarian office.

[2] Hungarian name for beadle.


When the men, accompanied by several children who were playing in the
village street and had inquisitively joined the passing procession,
appeared at the Molnárs' hut with their horrible burden, the beautiful
Panna was standing in the kitchen, churning.  At the sight of the
lifeless form lying on the bier, she uttered a piercing shriek and
dropped the stick from her hands, which fell by her side as though
paralyzed.  It was at least a minute before her body was again subject
to her will and she could rush to the corpse and throw herself prone
upon it.

Meanwhile the men had had time to carry the dead form into the room
adjoining the kitchen and set the bier upon the clay floor, after which
they took to their heels as if pursued by fiends; at least János and
the beadle did so; the gardener had remained to try to comfort the poor
woman, so suddenly widowed, in the first tempest of her despair.

Panna lay on her husband's dead body, wringing her hands and moaning:
"Oh, God! oh, God!" sobbing until even the gardener, a stolid,
weather-beaten peasant, and anything but soft-hearted, could not
restrain his own tears.  Not until after several minutes had passed did
the young wife raise herself to her knees, and ask in a voice choked
with tears, what all this meant, what had happened.

"The master shot your Pista," replied the gardener in a tone so low
that it was scarcely audible.

"The master?  Pista?  Shot?" repeated Panna mechanically, absently, as
if the words which she slowly uttered belonged to an unknown,
incomprehensible language.  She stared at the gardener with dilated
eyes, and her lips moved without emitting any sound.  At last, however,
understanding of the present returned, and the words escaped with
difficulty from her labouring breast: "Oh, God, oh, God, how could it
happen?  How could God permit such misery?"  Again she was silent,
while the gardener looked away and seemed to be examining the opposite
house with the utmost attention through the panes of the little window.

But Panna was beginning to think more clearly and to recover from the
dull stupor into which the sudden shock had thrown her.  Still kneeling
beside the corpse, wringing her hands, and amid floods of tears, she
began again:

"The master shot my poor Pista from carelessness?"

The gardener hesitated a moment, then he said:

"Not from carelessness, poor woman."

In an instant Panna was on her feet, stood beside the gardener at a
single bound, grasped him by the shoulder, and said in a firm, harsh
voice, while her tears suddenly ceased to flow: "Not from carelessness,
you say?  Then it was intentional?"

The gardener nodded silently.

"That is impossible, it cannot be, no innocent person is murdered, and
I am certain that Pista has done nothing; he was the gentlest man in
the world, he wouldn't harm a fly, he hadn't drunk a drop of wine in
five years, he--  Have no regard for me!  Tell me everything, and may
God reward you for remaining with me in this hour."

The gardener could no longer withhold the truth, and acquainted her
with the occurrence whose commencement the coachman János had described
to him on the way, whose tragical close he himself had witnessed.
Panna listened silently, never averting her eyes from the body during
the entire story.  In the midst of a sentence from the gardener, she
suddenly uttered a shriek, and again threw herself upon the dead man.

"Here, here is the hole!" she murmured.  "Horrible! horrible!"

Hitherto she had had before her eyes only a vague, shapeless,
blood-stained vision, without being able to distinguish any details;
now for the first time she had seen, amid the blood and oozing brains,
the terrible wound in the forehead.  But this interruption lasted only
a moment, then Panna again stood beside the gardener and begged him to

He soon reached the catastrophe, which once more drew a scream, or
rather a quickly suppressed, gasping sound, from the widow, and then
closed with a few well-meant, but clumsy, words of consolation.

Here Panna interrupted him.

"That's enough, Friend, that's enough; now I know how it all was and I
will comfort myself.  If you have anything to do, don't stay with me
longer, and may God reward you for what you have done."

"What do you mean to do now?" asked the gardener, deeply moved.

"Nothing.  I mean a great many things.  I have much to do."

She went into the kitchen and soon came back with a wooden water-pail
and a coarse linen towel.  Placing the vessel on the floor beside the
corpse, she began to wash the face, without taking any farther notice
of her visitor.  During her melancholy task she only murmured from time
to time in broken sentences; "Oh, God, oh, God!--No, God is not
just--Pista, the gentlest man--he was not like us--he was not
hot-tempered--What is God's will?"

The gardener felt that he was not wanted, so, after exhorting the widow
to be calm and to come to him if she needed advice or help, he went
away.  She had nodded and, without turning her head, called after him
again: "God will repay you!"

When left alone, Panna carefully dried the dead man's face, placed
under his head a pillow which she took from the bed, kissed his poor,
ugly face,--sobbing meanwhile from the very depths of her heart,--and
covered it with a gay little silk kerchief which he had brought to her
from the last fair.  Then she hurriedly made some changes in her own
dress and left the house, whose door she locked behind her.

Without looking round, she walked rapidly to the field where she knew
that her father was working, which she reached in a quarter of an hour.
He was toiling with other day-labourers in a potato-patch, pulling the
ripe roots out of the ground, and when she came up was stooping over
his work.  He did not notice his daughter until she was standing by his
side and touched him lightly on the shoulder with her finger.

Then he straightened himself, exclaiming in great astonishment:

"Panna!  What is the matter?"

A glance at her made him start violently, and he added in a subdued

"A misfortune?  Another misfortune?"

Panna did not reply, but grasped his arm and, with long, swift strides,
led him far beyond the range of hearing of the other workmen.  When
they had reached the edge of the field, she said softly:

"Father, Herr von Abonyi has just shot my Pista out of sheer
wantonness, like a mad-dog."

The old peasant staggered back several paces as if he had been hit on
the head with a club.  Then his face, whose muscles had contracted till
it resembled a horrible mask, flushed scarlet, he uttered a tremendous
oath, and made a sudden movement as though to hurry away.

But Panna was again at his side, holding him fast.

"What are you going to do, Father?"

"There--the hoe--the dog must die--he must be killed--now--at
once--I'll run in--I'll split his head--die--the dog," he panted,
trying to wrench himself from his daughter's strong grasp.

The latter held him still more firmly.

"No, Father," she said, "try to be calm.  I am quiet.  Rage has never
been a good counsellor to us.  I thought you would take it so, and
therefore I wanted to tell you myself, before you heard it from others."

The old man swore and struggled, but Panna would not release him.

"Father, be sensible, we are not living among robbers, an innocent man
is not shot down unpunished.  You need not split his lordship's head,
another will do that, a greater person than you or he.  There is a law,
there is a court of justice."

Her father grew calmer, his distorted face began to relax.  Panna now
released his arm, sat down on the boundary-stone beside which they had
been standing, and, gazing fixedly at the ground, while rolling the hem
of her apron between her fingers, she continued, speaking more to
herself than to him,

"We certainly know best that punishment will not fail.  They shot our
poor Marczi, and he only gave a man a blow.  If you ever had a little
quarrel with any one in the tavern, they imprisoned you for weeks and
months.  I, too, have atoned for the crime I committed; nothing remains
unpunished, and the nobleman will get his deserts, as we have always
received ours."

The sun was setting, and the notes of the vesper-bell echoed from the
distance.  The old man picked up his hoe, which he had left in the
furrow and, lost in thought, walked home with his daughter in silence.
Panna prepared the bed she had used when a girl in her father's hut,
and went to rest early.  It is not probable that she slept during the
night.  At least she was already completely dressed when, very early
the next morning, the parish-beadle knocked at the door of the hut, and
it was she who opened it.

He asked for the key of her house, because the corpse must be carried
to the town-hall.


"Because, early in the forenoon, the committee and the district
physician will come from the city to hold the coroner's inquest."

"Will he be present?"


"The--Herr von Abonyi."

The beadle shrugged his shoulders and said,

"I don't know."

Panna did not give up the key, but went with the beadle herself, and
was present when the latter appeared, with three other men and a bier,
and bore the corpse away.

The coachman János, and another servant, also came to fetch the wheels
and poles on which they had brought the dead man home the day before,
and which belonged to the castle.  Panna locked her door behind them,
and followed the corpse to the town-hall.

In the centre of the court stood a long black table, surrounded with
all sorts of pails and various utensils, and near it a small one with
writing materials and a chair before it.  Meanwhile the body was left
on the bier beside the table and covered with a horse-blanket.  A great
crowd of people, among them many women, and even little children,
flocked into the building in a very short time, thronged about the
bier, the black table, and Panna, who was leaning against it, carrying
on a low, eager hum of conversation till it seemed as though countless
swarms of bumble-bees were buzzing through the air.

About eight o'clock two carriages drove up, from which descended five
dusty gentlemen, dressed in the fashion of the city, and a servant.
These were the examining magistrate, the prosecuting attorney, the
district physician, a lawyer, and a clerk of the court, then the
beadle, who carried a box containing the dissecting instruments.  In
the absence of the parish-magistrate--it was remembered that Abonyi
held this office--the gentlemen were received by the village notary
(parish clerk) and ushered into the interior of the building, where an
abundant breakfast awaited them.  Meanwhile the people were dismissed
from the courtyard, and as the mere request did not induce them to move
fast enough, were urged forward with gentle force, after which the gate
was closed and bolted on the inside.  Panna had been obliged to go out
with the others, but she would not leave the spot, where she was joined
by her father, though she entreated him to return home or go to his
work in the field and not meddle with anything.

At nine o'clock the little funeral-bell in the church-steeple began to
toll, and at the same time the post-mortem examination took place, but
did not last long, as it was only necessary to open the cavity of the
skull.  The investigation proved that the missile, a lead, cone-shaped
bullet of large calibre, had entered above the left eye, torn its way
through the left-half of the brain in a curve passing from above to the
lower portion within, and lodged in the pons vorolii.  Under such
circumstances, death must have been instantaneous.

When all was over, the beadle again opened the gate and admitted the
curious throng.  The village notary went to Panna and asked whether she
wished to have the funeral from the town-hall, or from her own house.
She decided in favor of the latter plan, and the notary gave the
necessary orders to the beadle.  A coffin had been ordered by the
gardener the day before, and was ready for delivery.  Some old women
offered to attend to dressing the body and preparing it for burial,
notifying the clergyman, etc., so Panna was spared all the mournful
business details which demand attention from a crushed spirit at a
moment when it is so incapable of forming any sensible, practical
conclusions, and could therefore remain near the committee.

After the post-mortem examination was over, the members went to view
the scene of the deed.  Panna followed, and was silently permitted to
do so by the beadle and the constable, while the throng of villagers
was kept back.  A mist dimmed Panna's eyes, when she saw the place
where the crime was committed, but she bore up bravely and watched the
proceedings around her with the utmost attention.

The gentlemen entered the coach-house and, standing at the door, she
could hear the physician say that he thought he noticed blood-stains on
the floor.  The examining magistrate sketched a slight plan of the
place in his note-book, and ordered János and the gardener, who were in
the vicinity, to be brought in by the beadle.  They were required to
point out the places where they were standing at the time of the
misfortune, and to briefly relate in turn the details of the story,
during which the prosecuting attorney and the lawyer for the defense
made notes.  All this afforded Panna infinite satisfaction.  She felt
her heart grow lighter, and became calm, almost cheerful.  A voice in
her soul said: "There--there is justice!" and every letter which the
gentlemen, with swiftly moving pencils, scrawled on the paper, seemed
to her a link in the steel chain which was being forged before her
eyes, ever longer and heavier, and would serve to drag the criminal
fettered before the tribunal.

From the castle, the committee returned to the town-hall, and now
followed the real official examination of the witnesses, whose previous
information had been taken merely as unofficial information, and not as
legal depositions.  They were summoned singly into the room and
examined, first János, then the gardener, and lastly the beadle.  When
the latter came out Panna, who, until then had waited patiently at the
threshold, stepped resolutely into the chamber, though the constable
told her that she had not been summoned.

The examining magistrate looked at the new-comer in surprise, and asked
what she wanted.

"What do I want?" replied Panna in astonishment, "why, to be examined
as the others have been."

"Were you present when the misfortune happened?"

Panna felt a pang in her heart when the examining magistrate used the
word "misfortune."  She would have wished him to say "crime."  But she
answered with a firm voice.

"No, I was not present."

"Then you cannot be a witness."

"I am not a witness, I am the accuser."

The lawyer for the defense smiled faintly, but the prosecuting attorney
drew himself up and answered sternly and impressively, before the
examining magistrate had found time to open his mouth.

"You are mistaken, my good woman.  I am the accuser, and you have
nothing more to do here."

"That is true," the magistrate now remarked.  "If you desire to obtain
damages from Herr von Abonyi, you can bring the complaint before the
civil court.  You have nothing to do with the criminal trial."

"But it is my husband, my Pista, who has been murdered!" cried Panna,
who was beginning to be greatly excited.

The prosecuting attorney twirled a lead-pencil between his fingers, but
the examining magistrate rose, took the widow by the hand and led her
to the door, saying soothingly: "You don't understand, my good woman;
the point in question is not your Pista, but our Pista.  He was a
member of society, and his cause is the cause of all of us.  Rely upon
it, you will have justice."  While speaking he had opened the door and
given the constable a sign to lead the woman away.

This was not necessary; Panna went voluntarily, after casting a strange
look at the magistrate which somewhat perplexed him.

The cartwright's funeral took place in the afternoon amid a great
throng of villagers.  Since his mother's death Molnár had had no
relatives in the place, and his wife and her father were the only
mourners among the concourse which followed the coffin to the cemetery.
The Catholic pastor, who was often Abonyi's partner at his evening card
parties, delivered an edifying address beside the open grave.  He took
for his text the verse (Matthew v. 44): "But I say unto you, Love your
enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and
pray for them which despitefully use you and persecute you," and said a
great deal about forgiveness and reconciliation.  The listeners were
much moved, and frequently wiped their eyes.  Panna alone was tearless
and sullen, she felt enraged with the fat, prating priest, who did not
seem to her to speak sincerely.

After the funeral she went with her father to his hut, and there the
two sat at the table opposite to each other, gazing into vacancy
without uttering a word.  But they did not remain long undisturbed in
their gloomy meditations, for the door soon opened and the priest came
in with a smooth, unctuous: "Praised be Jesus Christ!"

"In eternity, amen!" replied the old man in a dull tone, rising
slightly from his chair, while Panna sat still in silence.

The priest took his seat beside the widow and, in sweet, cajoling
words, began to enlarge upon the subject of his funeral address.  He
exhorted her, as her confessor, to remember that she was a Christian,
she must forgive her adversaries, nay, even love her enemies, that she,
too, might be forgiven; if she cherished anger and vengeance in her
heart, her sin would be greater than Herr von Abonyi's----

Here Panna threw back her head and looked at the honeyed speaker so
fiercely, that he found it advisable to follow another course.  He
represented to her that Abonyi had committed the deed by some
incomprehensible rashness, in a sort of delirium and that he desired
nothing more ardently than to make amends for the consequences of the
luckless act, so far as lay in human power.  While speaking, he put his
hand into his pocket and drew out a bank-note of large amount, which he
laid on the table.

Panna could bear no more.  Seizing the money furiously, she threw it
violently on the floor and, with rolling eyes and quivering lips,

"I want justice, not alms.  He must hang--I must see him dead like my
Pista, before I am at peace."

The priest now lost his evangelical mildness also, and rose angrily,

"Fie! fie! you are a pagan, a pagan, and belong to all the fiends in
hell."  With these pious words he went away.  The bank-bill, crushed
into a ball, flew out of the room after him, then the door banged


The committee, after the official proceedings were over, had returned
to the city, but not until the constable had given the beadle
information which afforded food for village gossip during several days.
It was learned that, directly after the fatal act, Herr von Abonyi had
saddled a horse and ridden alone to the city to denounce himself.  It
was late in the evening when he reached the examining magistrate's
house.  The latter, an old friend of Abonyi, was much troubled and
shocked, and it was long ere he could collect himself sufficiently to
be able to take the deposition of the acknowledged criminal.  It was
ten o'clock before all the formalities were settled, then the
magistrate, deeply agitated, took leave of his unfortunate friend.  The
former had not considered it necessary to arrest him, as Abonyi had
pledged his word of honor to hold himself always ready to obey the
summons of the court.

Panna of course heard these tales, as well as other people, and she
also noticed how they were received in the village.  There were
numerous comments, some foolish, some sensible; as usual, opposite
parties were formed; one condemned Abonyi's being left at liberty, the
other thought it perfectly natural, since it could not be supposed that
so great and rich a man as Carl von Abonyi would make his escape under
cover of the darkness, like a strolling vagabond who has nothing but a
staff and a knapsack.  Panna of course belonged to the malcontents.  It
did not enter her head that any one could be permitted to go about
unmolested, after killing a man.  The ingenious distinctions between
imprisonment while awaiting trial, and imprisonment as a punishment
were too subtle for her, and she did not wish to understand them; she
only knew that whenever her father was brought before the examining
magistrate, he was detained, and used to wait in jail two months and
longer, until at last condemned to a fortnight's imprisonment, which
was considered expiated by the imprisonment while awaiting trial.

Justice seemed to her far too slow.  What kind of justice was this
which delayed so long, so torturingly long?  Punishment ought to follow
crime as the thunder follows the lightning-flash.  The murdered man's
death-glazed eyes ought to be still open, when the murderer is dangling
on the gallows.  This was the demand of Panna's passionate heart, but
also of her peasant-logic, which could comprehend the causal relation
between sin and expiation clearly and palpably, only when both were
united in a single melodramatic effect.  Why was nothing heard of a
final trial, of a condemnation?  For what were the legal gentlemen
waiting?  Surely the case was as clear as sunlight, with no
complication whatever, the criminal had acknowledged everything.  Even
if he had not, there were three witnesses who had all been present, the
committee had seen the corpse, the hole in the forehead, the bullet
from the revolver, the blood-stains in the coach-house, was not all
this a hundred times enough to condemn a man on the spot?  Yet week
after week elapsed, and nothing new was heard of the matter.

Meanwhile it was rumoured in the village that Abonyi was visiting a
friend, a land-owner in the neighboring county, with whom he was
constantly engaged in hunting.  This might and might not be true.

At any rate it seemed to Panna atrocious that it was even possible.

When one evening the gardener, who was no longer in Abonyi's service,
came to see the widow, she poured out her heart, which was brimming
with bitterness, to the kind, faithful fellow.

"Isn't it enough to enrage a dove, that Pista has been mouldering in
the ground six weeks and his murderer still goes about at liberty,
perhaps enjoys himself in hunting?"

The gardener tried to soothe the infuriated woman, and said all sorts
of things about the laws, forms, etc.

"Laws?  Forms?" Panna excitedly broke in, "where were these laws and
forms when our Marczi, my brother, was executed a few hours after his
offence?  And he had not killed any one, only dealt a harsh officer a

"That was in the army, Panna, that was in war; it is an entirely
different matter."

"Indeed?  And is it also a different matter that, a few years ago, the
vine-dresser's Bandi was hung three days after he set fire to his
master's barn?"

"Of course it is different, at that time we were under martial law."

"So once it was war and once it was martial law--that's all nonsense,
and I'll tell you what it is: our Marczi and the vine-dresser's Bandi
were peasants, and Herr von Abonyi is a gentleman."

The gardener made no reply, perhaps because he secretly shared Panna's
belief; but her father, who had been sitting at the table, cutting
tobacco with a huge knife and taking no part in the conversation,
suddenly struck its point so violently into the table that it stuck
fast, vibrating and buzzing, and exclaimed:

"Panna, Panna, I told you so then!  The best way would have been to
split the dog's skull with the hoe that very day."

Meanwhile the affair pursued its regular course, which neither the
impatience of those concerned hastens nor their submission delays, and
one morning the gardener came to Panna's hut with the news that he had
received the summons to appear as witness at the trial, which was to
take place in four days.  This was nearly three months after the
murder, and it was already late in November.

Panna knew that the witnesses were reimbursed for the expense incurred
for the carriages in which they drove to the city, and begged the
gardener to take her with him to the court, which the latter readily

On the appointed morning the peasant's vehicle appeared in front of
Panna's hut at a very early hour.  It was not yet five o'clock, and
dense darkness obscured the village and the neighbourhood.  But Panna
already stood at her door, and was seated in the carriage almost before
it had stopped.  She wore a black dress, a dark shawl covered her
shoulders, at her throat was her old silver crucifix, which had again
come into her possession after her mother-in-law's death, and on her
head was a black silk kerchief, which set off her beautiful face so
marvellously that one might have supposed she had studied the effect,
had not this grave, strong woman been so wholly incapable of any act of
coquetry.  She was pale and thoughtful, and during the whole way did
not address a single word to the gardener, who sat beside her,
occasionally glancing at her with admiring approval, only one could see
that the deep gloom which during the past few weeks had constantly
shadowed her features had disappeared.

In fact, she was calm, almost content.  The satisfaction due her had
been delayed a strangely long time, but at last it would be hers;
to-day she, too, was to learn that the hand of justice could stroke her
with maternal kindness, after having hitherto, during her whole life,
experienced only its power to deal blows.

The road which, in the autumn, had been thoroughly soaked, had recently
been frozen hard by the early frosts, and they made such rapid progress
that, after a ride of barely five hours, the vehicle reached the city
and stopped in front of the town hall.

The beginning of the examination had been fixed at ten o'clock, but it
was fully eleven before it commenced.  The room in which it took place
presented no imposing appearance.  It was an apartment, or if one
chooses to call it so, a hall of ordinary size, with four windows; in
the centre was a wooden railing which divided it into two nearly equal
parts; inside was the usual apparatus of justice, a green-covered table
with writing materials and a black crucifix, between two candlesticks,
placed on a platform for the court-room; at the right, also on the
platform, a small table for the prosecuting attorney; below, a wooden
bench for the defendant, two police officers, and a little table for
the lawyer for the defence.  Outside the railing stood a few wooden
benches, which afforded room for about forty persons.

When Panna entered with the gardener the other two witnesses, János and
the beadle, were already in the space set apart for the audience, and
also the village notary, the new parish magistrate, a rich peasant and
cattle-dealer named Bárány, the pastor, several other residents of
Kisfalu, and two or three owners of estates in the county, friends of
the defendant.

Panna, who sat in the front row, directly by the railing, had no eyes
for her surroundings, and scarcely noticed that every one was gazing at
her with curiosity and interest.  Her mood was calm, almost solemn, and
she gazed steadily at the door in the end of the room through which the
court must enter.

At last a constable appeared, who moved the armchairs, arranged the
papers on the green table, and then noisily opened the doors.  The
three judges, followed by the constable, came in and took their seats;
with them appeared the prosecuting attorney, the same one who had taken
part in the preliminary examination in Kisfalu, and almost immediately
after a side-door opened and Herr von Abonyi entered, accompanied by
his lawyer and followed by a man whose uniform cap showed that he was
some official.  This individual remained standing at the door, while
Abonyi took his seat on the wooden bench and the lawyer in his chair.

Abonyi had bowed to the court when he entered, and now cast a searching
glance at the spectators.  But he involuntarily started and hastily
averted his head, without noticing the smiling greetings of his
friends, for the first things he beheld were Panna's flashing black
eyes, which had pierced him when he first appeared, and which he
actually seemed to feel burning through his clothes, and consuming his
body, as he turned away from them.

Panna was intensely excited; her heart throbbed violently and her
eyebrows contracted in a gloomy frown.  Abonyi's appearance had
destroyed a large share of her consoling and soothing illusions.  She
had had a vague idea that he would be brought in in some humiliating
convict garb, perhaps with handcuffs or even with his feet chained, and
sit between two soldiers with fixed bayonets, deserted, humble,
penitent.  Instead of that she saw Abonyi just as she was in the habit
of seeing him, attired in an elegant black suit, smoothly-shaved and
carefully combed, with plump cheeks and smiling lips, head erect and
bold eyes, more distinguished in appearance than any one inside the
rail, without the slightest token in aspect and bearing which could
mark him as a man charged with a heinous crime, in short here, just as
in his village, thoroughly the _grand seigneur_.

The presiding judge opened the proceedings and ordered the clerk of the
court to read the accusation, which was homicide through negligence, as
well as the minutes of the coroner's inquest and the other documents of
the investigation, then he proceeded to the examination of the accused,
asking the usual questions concerning his name, age, etc., in a
courteous, kindly tone, wholly devoid of sternness, which filled Panna
with vehement rage.  This was not the terrible personification of the
fell punishment of crime, but a smooth farce, acted amid universal

Now the judge reached the kernel of the matter, and asked the defendant
to state the circumstances of the event which formed the subject of the
legal proceedings.  Abonyi, in a somewhat unsteady voice, related that
on the fatal day he had gone to his coachhouse and found "his workman"
asleep; he had roused him and warned him to be more industrious, then
the fellow became amazingly insolent and defiant, and threatened him so
roughly with a pitchfork, that he owed his escape with a whole skin
solely to his rapid flight, and the presence of mind with which he
bolted the furious man into the shed.

Panna listened with dilated eyes and open mouth; a burning flush
suffused her cheeks, her breath came in gasps, and bending far forward,
she clenched the railing convulsively with both hands.  It seemed
incredible that she could have heard correctly.  What, is it possible
to lie so in a court of justice, in the presence of the black crucifix,
the judges, the listeners?  And the prosecutor does not interrupt him
in his infamous speech?  The earth which holds the murdered man, now
slandered in his very grave, does not open and swallow the shameless

The gardener, who perceived what was passing in her mind, laid his hand
upon her arm and whispered into her ear: "For heaven's sake, Panna,
keep quiet, control yourself, or if you cannot, go out of the room."

Panna impatiently motioned to him to keep silent, for the defendant was
continuing his story.  He related how the imprisoned cartwright had
constantly raged and threatened murder and arson so that, as parish
magistrate, he had considered it his duty to have the dangerous fellow
arrested.  To intimidate the rebellious man, he had sent for a
revolver, which he thought was not loaded, and this was accidentally

"Lies!  Wretched, base lies!" shrieked Panna, shaking her clenched fist
furiously at Abonyi, who turned pale and paused in his story.  A
passing tumult arose; the listeners crowded around Panna, who had
started up, and tried to force her back into her seat and to quiet her.
The presiding judge frowned and was about to speak, when the
prosecuting attorney told him in a hasty whisper who the disturber was.
But Panna continued to cry out: "Don't believe him, gentlemen, he is
lying!  He shot him intentionally and without cause."

She would have said more, but the judge interrupted her, exclaiming
violently: "Silence, unhappy woman, you are making yourself guilty of a
serious offence and deserve that we should inflict exemplary
punishment.  But we will have compassion on your condition and content
ourselves with turning you out of the room."

At the same time he beckoned to the constable, who, with the individual
standing behind the defendant, and a watchman posted in the
audience-room, seized the screaming woman and, in spite of her
struggles, forced her out of the door.

This interruption had lasted several minutes and evidently affected all
present very unpleasantly.  Now, calmness gradually returned and the
trial could pursue its course.  After the defendant, the turn of the
witnesses came.  Their depositions were to elucidate two points
especially: whether Molnár had really behaved in such a manner that
deeds of violence might be expected from him, and it was necessary to
threaten him with a weapon and put him in fetters--also, whether the
revolver had been discharged accidentally or intentionally.

The first witness, János, gave his testimony cautiously and sinuously;
he did not know how the dispute had begun; he was not present while
Pista uttered the threats of which Herr von Abonyi spoke, as he had
gone first to fetch the revolver and then the beadle; Pista had
certainly seemed angry and excited, and would not permit handcuffs to
be put upon him; he, János, had his back turned to his master when the
shot was fired.

The beadle, too, could only say that Pista would not suffer himself to
be fettered, and that he had not noticed the discharge of the revolver.

Now the gardener was summoned.  Abonyi looked sharply at him; the
witness bore the gaze quietly and began to speak.  He stated that Pista
had always been a harmless, peaceful man, while the nobleman, on the
contrary, was arrogant and harsh in his intercourse with common people.

The lawyer for the defence interrupted him with the words: "You are not
asked for a certificate of good conduct!" and the judge admonished him
to keep to the point.

The gardener, unintimidated, added that Herr von Abonyi had first
inflicted bodily abuse on the cartwright, who was not his employee, and
the latter then threatened him or rather defended himself.

The judge asked if he had seen this.

"No," replied the witness, "but János saw it and told me."

János was recalled and confronted with the gardener.  He could remember
nothing about it.

The examination was continued.  The gardener testified that Pista had
been willing to submit to arrest, but would not allow himself to be
handcuffed, for which, moreover, not the semblance of necessity had
existed.  Besides, Herr von Abonyi had had an evil intention when he
sent for the revolver, for he asked expressly for the one lying on the
table by the bed, and the whole parish knew that this weapon was always
loaded.  So it was false that Herr von Abonyi supposed he held an
unloaded pistol in his hand.

The judge addressed his last question to the witness: "Did you see the
defendant fire the weapon intentionally?"

The gardener replied that no one could have seen that, except a person
who stood directly beside the criminal and watched his finger closely;
he could only say that Herr von Abonyi kept the weapon constantly
aimed, and his finger on the trigger, so that he, the gardener, had
involuntarily thought that some mischief would happen, and that the
shot was fired at the precise moment when Pista raised the pitchfork
against the servant, who was pressing upon him.

The lawyer for the defence rose and informed the court that the witness
was a servant whom Abonyi had discharged.

"I was discharged after I gave the same testimony at the preliminary
examination which I have given to-day," observed the gardener quietly.

"Speak only when the court questions you!" said the judge reprovingly;
then he whispered a short time with his companions in office, and
finally announced that the last witness would not be sworn.

The gardener looked at the judge in bewilderment and returned to his
place among the audience.

The prosecuting attorney now began his speech.  He censured Abonyi for
sending for the revolver, and the command to handcuff the refractory
man seemed to him to show over-zeal and somewhat unjustifiable
severity; there was no ground to believe that murder was intended, yet
the defendant had committed a grave offence when, yielding to an absurd
notion, he had deemed it proper to threaten the cartwright with a
fire-arm.  He would therefore propose to sentence Abonyi for homicide
through negligence to--six months' imprisonment.

Abonyi's lawyer tried to show that the revolver had not been
superfluous, since it was necessary to inspire a furious man, who was
threatening deeds of violence, with salutary terror, and thereby
restrain him from excesses.  As parish-magistrate, it was Abonyi's duty
to oppose the cartwright, and when the latter scorned and rebelled
against the authorities, Abonyi had been fully justified in compelling
the cartwright to respect his orders, even by forcibly handcuffing him.
For the unfortunate accident which resulted in the loss of a human
life, Abonyi could not be held responsible, and he therefore requested
the acquittal of his client.

The prosecuting attorney replied that it was not fully proved that
Molnár had been so refractory that handcuffing was indispensable; but
he would admit that it was necessary to maintain the dignity of the
magistracy energetically, in the midst of a turbulent, insubordinate

Abonyi's lawyer answered that, instead of making any rejoinder, he had
only one thing to say: his client would engage to provide for the
unfortunate Molnár's widow by giving her a large piece of land and also
settling upon her an annual income, legally secured, of four hundred

A murmur of approval ran through the audience, suppressed by a stern
command from the judge.  After a short whispered consultation, during
which the defendant was not even led out of the court-room, the judge
pronounced the sentence, that the defendant, for the homicide through
negligence of Stefan Molnár, was condemned to six months imprisonment;
any claims for compensation from those entitled to demand them were
reserved and could be brought before the civil courts.  The prosecuting
attorney declared himself satisfied with the sentence, as his proposal
had been fully accepted; the lawyer for the defence exchanged whispers
a moment with the condemned man, and then also said that he would give
up the appeal to a higher tribunal; the judge closed the proceedings,
and Abonyi went out through the door by which he had entered, while the
man with the cap followed respectfully.

When the gardener came out of the courtroom he saw Panna standing in
the corridor, where she had been waiting since her expulsion from the
court-room.  Hurrying up to him, she asked with an anxious look, "Well?"

"Sentenced!" replied the gardener, turning his head away.

"Ah!"  A low cry escaped her breast and her eyes sparkled.  "Sentenced!
And when?"

The gardener gazed at her inquiringly.

"What do you mean by when?"

"Why, when will he be--executed?"

"Executed? you are out of your mind.  He is sentenced to six months'

Meanwhile they had gone down into the courtyard; at the gardener's
words Panna suddenly stood still, stared fixedly at him, and said in a
hollow tone:

"You know how I am, and what I feel, why do you jest so unpleasantly
with me?"

"What I tell you is the most bitter earnest."

"Man!  Six months!  You are drivelling!  That is impossible!  A man who
has murdered another can be acquitted, it may be said that he did not
kill him, that the guilt was not proved, I understand that; but when it
is admitted that he is guilty, he surely cannot be sentenced to six
months' imprisonment!  That is a mockery of mankind.  My brother
strikes a brutal officer--he is executed; the vine-dresser's Bandi
burns a miserable barn--he is executed.  This man kills a human being
and gets six months' imprisonment.  No, I cannot believe it."

The gardener contented himself with silently shrugging his shoulders in
reply to the woman's passionate outburst of feeling, and pursued his
way.  Panna followed him with compressed lips.  She could not help
believing his communication, but she continually revolved it in her
mind, still unable to comprehend its meaning fully.  They were seated
in the carriage again, and had driven a considerable distance, when she
began once more:

"There are higher courts.  It cannot be left so."

"No one entered an appeal, so the case will not go to the higher

"Then you think that this six months is the last utterance of justice?"

"The last, Panna; only the king or God can still change the sentence."

Panna's eyes flashed.

"The king can change the sentence, you say?"

"He, of course," replied her companion laconically.

Panna said nothing more on the way home.  Only the gardener once heard
her murmur:

"Justice is a fine thing, a very fine thing."


It was late in the evening when Panna again reached Kisfalu.  Her
father was already expecting her with great impatience and, before she
left the carriage, shouted a question about the result of the trial.
Panna did not answer immediately, but cautiously descended, gratefully
pressed the hand of the gardener, who had brought her to her own house,
and entered the room with her father.  Here she opened her lips for the
first time, uttering only the words: "Six months!"

Her father struck the table furiously with his clenched fist,
shrieking: "Then Hell ought to open its jaws and swallow the whole
band!  But wait, I know what to do.  Six months will soon be over, and
then I'll make short work with the fine gentleman.  I'll be judge and
executioner in one person, and the trial won't last long, that I swear
by all the fiends."

Panna hastily interrupted him: "For Heaven's sake, Father, hush.  If
any one should hear it might be bad for you.  What induces you to say
such imprudent things?  Do you want to be imprisoned for making
dangerous threats?  You know that they wouldn't use as much ceremony
with you as with the nobleman.  Only keep perfectly cool, we are not
obliged to make ourselves the judge, there is still one person higher
than the court, and he will decide our cause."

"What do you mean?" asked the father, looking inquiringly at Panna.

"You'll learn; only let me act, and keep cool."

The old man was not naturally curious, so he desisted and went to rest,
Panna following his example.

The next morning Panna was seen moving to and fro very busily between
her own house and her father's, and repeatedly entering the town-hall.
With her father's help, she carried all their property to his hut and
then offered the empty Molnár house for sale.  There was no lack of
purchasers, but the peasant does not decide quickly to open the strings
of his purse, so it was three days before the bargain was concluded.
But at last the business was settled and Panna received several hundred
florins in cash.  She gave the larger portion to her father, who bought
a vineyard with them, and kept a hundred for herself.  When this was
done, Panna said that she had business in the city, hired a carriage,
and went to Pesth.

The king was at that time in Ofen, where he gave public audiences
daily.  It is an ancient and wise custom of the Hapsburgs to make
themselves easily accessible to the people.  In Austro-Hungary no
recommendation, gala attire, nor ceremony is requisite in order to see
and speak to the sovereign.  On the days when public audience is given,
the humblest person is admitted without difficulty, and nothing is
expected from him except that he will appear as clean and whole as
possible, no matter how shabby he may be.  The people are well aware of
this and, at every opportunity, profit by the facility afforded to
reach the king; there are persons who go to the monarch with a matter
which, in other countries, a village magistrate would decide without
farther appeal.

So Panna left her carriage at a peasant tavern outside of the city, and
went on foot directly to the castle at Ofen.  The audience began at
twelve o'clock, and it still lacked half an hour of this time.  Panna
passed through the outer door unrestrained, and was first asked what
she desired by a guard on duty at the foot of the staircase leading to
the royal apartments.  Panna answered fearlessly that she was going to
the audience, and the guardsman kindly showed her the way.

At the head of the stairs another official met her with the same query,
and she gave the same reply.  But this time the official also asked for
her certificate of admission.  Panna did not know what it was, and the
functionary then explained that the king's audience chamber could not
be entered so unceremoniously from the street, but a person must first
announce himself and state his business, after which he received notice
of the time when he was to present himself.  Of course it would be too
late for to day, but she could be registered for the next audience,
which would be given in a fortnight.  She probably had her petition
with her, she need merely give it to him, and he would attend to
everything for her the friendly man said at the close of his

Panna was obliged to confess that she had no petition, as she had
thought that she would be able to tell the king the whole story

The smiling functionary explained the mistake.  She must write the
petition, for the king at the utmost would have only one or two minutes
for her, and no long story could be told in that time; besides, she
could not be recorded without a petition.

Panna became much dispirited and out of temper.  She again saw beloved
illusions disappear.  She had imagined everything to be far smoother,
more simple, easier, and now here also there were difficulties.  She
dejectedly followed her guide into an office, where she had all sorts
of questions to answer about her name, residence, etc., and the purpose
which brought her here.  To the last inquiry she gave the curt
information: "I am seeking justice from the king against an unjust
sentence."  Then she received a card with a number and a date, and was
dismissed with the remark that she must be there again with her
petition a fortnight thence, on Thursday, punctually at twelve o'clock,

She had desired to keep her purpose a secret from every one in the
village; but this was now impossible, for she could not prepare the
petition alone.  So she went to the gardener, who had obtained another
place, and initiated him into her plans.  He eagerly dissuaded her from
the step, since nothing would come of it, but Panna remained immovable
in her confidence in the result.

"The king," she said, "will secure me justice.  It is impossible that
he should hear of the atrocious sentence and not instantly overthrow
it."  And when the gardener continued to try to show her the contrary,
she at last grew angry and said curtly: "Well, if you won't help me,
I'll go to a lawyer in the city who, for money and fair words, will
draw up the petition."

The gardener now relinquished any further opposition, and declared
himself ready to compose the document.

They were together two days to accomplish the great work with their
united powers.  Evil tongues in the village sharpened themselves
eagerly on the remarkable fact, and the rumors about the pair were
endless.  Some thought that the beautiful Panna had forgotten ugly
Pista very quickly, others thought that the gardener was by no means
amiss, though no longer very young; many said still more scandalous
things.  The young widow did not trouble herself about this chatter in
the least; she had more important matters in her head and heart, and
therefore could not hear the malicious whispers of the gossips.

The petition was begun three times, and as often torn in pieces.  Panna
wanted it to be very energetic, very vehement.  The gardener softened
the passionate expressions and suppressed the violent appeals.  Of
course he was not a practised writer, and he had serious difficulty in
putting his thoughts into the correct form.  But at last the
composition was accomplished, and Panna read it ten times in succession
till she knew every letter by heart.  Her influence had been more
dominant than the gardener's, and the petition was still very forcible.
In awkward, but simple, impressive language, it accused the judge of
partiality, described Abonyi and his crime in the darkest colors,
quoted the cases of the shooting of Marczi and the hanging of Bandi,
and finally demanded for Molnár's death the death of his murderer.

With this document Panna again went to Ofen, and this time she really
obtained the audience.  The whole scene affected her soul like some
strange, wonderful face beheld in a dream.  First she waited in the
ante-room, among hundreds of other persons, most of whom were dressed
in splendid uniforms, and covered with the stars of orders.  She had no
eyes for her surroundings, but thought only of her business and what
she wanted to say to the king; suddenly her number, called loudly,
broke in upon her reverie; Panna did not know how it happened, but the
next moment she found herself in a room, which seemed to her fabulously
magnificent, before her stood a figure in the uniform of a general,
which she could not see distinctly because everything swam before her
eyes; she faltered a few words about justice, and fell upon her knees;
the figure bent over her, raised her, said a few gentle, pleasant
words, and took the petition from her trembling hand; then she was once
more in the ante-room, with a hundred confused voices buzzing in her
ears like the roar of distant surf.  When the gardener and her father
afterwards asked her for details, she was compelled to answer that she
knew nothing, remembered nothing, had seen and heard nothing clearly;
she only knew that the king had been very kind and took the petition
from her.

From this time Panna was remarkably quiet and composed.  She went about
her usual work, attended to her household duties with her usual care,
and seemed to think of the past no longer; at least she did not mention
the painful incidents of which we are cognizant, either to her father
or the gardener, who sometimes visited her, and when the latter once
turned the conversation to them, she replied:

"Let us drop that; the matter is now in the right hands; another head
is considering it, and we need no longer rack our brains about it."

The gardener understood what she meant, and her father only half heard
these mysterious words without pondering over their thoroughly
enigmatical meaning.

Thus six weeks passed away and the end of January was approaching when,
one Sunday afternoon, the pastor unexpectedly entered Panna's hut.
Without giving the astonished woman time for a remark, he sat down on
the bench near the stove by her side, and said:

"Do not wonder, my child, that I have come again, after you so deeply
offended and insulted me.  I must not bear malice.  It is my office to
forgive wrong, and I would fain have you follow my example."

Panna gazed silently into her lap, but the priest continued in a voice
which grew more and more gentle and insinuating.

"You see, you are still indulging your savage, pagan vengeance, and
committing all sorts of follies which will yet ruin you.  What is the
use of it?  Let the dead rest, and think of the living, of yourself,
your future.  What is the meaning of your going to the king and giving
him a crazy petition----"

"What, do you know that, too?" cried Panna turning pale; she felt as if
every drop of blood had gone back to her heart.  "So the gardener
tattled?  Oh, fie! fie!"

"Nonsense, the gardener!  We don't need the gardener for that.  The
petition has come from the king's cabinet to the office of the Home
Secretary, which sent it through the county to the parish, that we
might give a report of your mental condition.  From your petition, you
are believed to be insane, and that is fortunate, or you would be
punished for contempt of court."

Panna clenched her teeth till the grinding sound could be heard, and
obstinately persisted in her silence.

"Of course I know that your head is clear, only your heart is hardened,
and I will pray to God that He may soften it.  Herr von Abonyi is a
very different Christian.  You need not look at me so angrily, what I
say is true.  You know that he has great and powerful friends; it would
cost them only a word, and he would be pardoned.  They wished to appeal
to the king in his behalf, but he would not permit them to take a step
for him.  He repents his deed, he has received a just punishment, and
he wished to endure this sentence to the final moment.  Through me, he
entreats your forgiveness, he does not wish you and your father to
remain his enemies, when he has penitently borne the punishment.  You
will probably owe it to him, if you have no unpleasant consequences to
bear on account of your petition.  You see how a man of principle and
generosity behaves!  And then, remember what I told you before: Herr
von Abonyi is ready to provide for you all your life, as no one in your
family was ever supported.  Well, do you say nothing to all this?  Have
I nothing to tell the nobleman from you?"  The pastor rose, laid his
hand upon her shoulder, and looked her in the face.

Panna shrunk from the touch of his fat fingers, brushed them off, and

"Tell him it is all very well and we will see."

"Nothing else?"

"Nothing else."

The priest departed with an unctuous farewell, and left Panna alone.
She remained motionless in the same position, with bent head, her hands
resting nervelessly in her lap, her eyes staring into vacancy.  So her
father found her when, half an hour after, he returned from the parish
tavern.  When she saw him, she started from her stupor, rushed to him,
and exclaimed amid a violent flood of tears:

"Father, it was all in vain, there is no justice on earth."

In reply to the astonished old man's anxious questions, she told him,
for the first time, the story she had hitherto kept secret of her
petition to the king, and the pitiful result of this final step.

Her father listened, shaking his head, and said:

"You see if, instead of acting on your own account, you had first asked
my advice, you would have saved yourself this fresh sorrow.  I could
have told you that you would have accomplished nothing with the king."

Now, for the first time in many weeks, the old man again began to speak
of the matter which had never ceased to occupy Panna's whole mind.  He
was choleric, and capable of a hasty deed of violence when excited, but
he was not resentful; he was not the man to cherish anger long, and had
already gained sufficient calmness to view Abonyi's crime more quietly
and soberly.  He represented to his daughter that it would be folly to
demand the nobleman's life from the king in exchange for Pista's.

Panna answered sullenly that she did not perceive the folly; did her
father think that a peasant's life was less valuable than a gentleman's?

"That isn't the point now.  You must consider that the master did not
kill your Pista intentionally."

"Stop, Father, don't tell me that.  He _did_ kill him intentionally.  I
don't care whether the purpose existed days or minutes before, but it
was there; else he would not have sent for the revolver, he would not
have aimed the weapon, touched the trigger, or discharged it."

"Even admitting that you are right, he has been punished for it."

Panna laughed bitterly.  "Six months!  Is that a punishment?"

"For a gentlemen like him, it's a heavy one.  And he will provide for

"Do  you, too, talk as the priest does, father?  You ought to know me
better.  Do you really believe that I would bargain over Pista's life
for beggerly alms?  I should be ashamed ever to pass the churchyard
where the poor fellow lies."

"You are obstinate, Panna.  I see very plainly where you are aiming.
You always say you want justice, but it seems to me that what you want
is vengeance."

Panna had never made this distinction, because she was not in the habit
of analyzing her feelings.  But when her father uttered the word, she
reflected a moment, and then said: "Perhaps so."

Yet she felt that it really was not vengeance which she desired, and
she instantly added:

"No, Father, you are not exactly right, it is not revenge.  I should no
longer be enraged against Herr von Abonyi if I could believe that the
law, which punished what he has done with six months' imprisonment,
would for instance have punished you also with six months, if you had
committed the same crime.  But it cannot be the law, or they would not
have shot Marczi for his little offence, you would not have been
imprisoned three months for a few innocent blows.  It is easy to tell
me that the case is different.  Or is there perhaps a different law for
peasants and for gentlemen?  If that is so, then the law is wicked and
unjust, and the peasants must make their own."

The old man did not notice the errors and lack of logic in Panna's
words, but he was probably startled by her gloomy energy.

"Child, child," he said, "put these thoughts out of your head.  I have
done so too.  If I could have laid hands on the murderer at first--may
God forgive me--I believe that Pista would not have been buried alone.
But now that is over, and we must submit.  After all, six months'
imprisonment is not so small a matter as you suppose.  You need only
ask me, I know something about it.  Oh, it is hard to spend a winter in
a fireless cell, busy all day in dirty, disagreeable work, shivering at
night on the thin straw bed till your heart seems to turn to ice in
your body, and your teeth chatter so that you can't even swear, to say
nothing of the horrible vermin, the loathsome food, the tyrannical
jailers--a grave in summer is almost better than the prison in winter."

Panna made no reply, and the conversation stopped; but her father's
last words had not failed to make a deep impression upon her
imagination.  She clung to the pictures he had conjured before her
mind; she found pleasure in them, painted them in still more vivid
hues, experienced a degree of consolation in them.  While she was
working in the house, her thoughts were with Abonyi in his prison; she
saw him in the degrading convict-dress, with chains on his feet, as she
had so often found her father when she visited him in jail; there he
sat in a little dusky cell on a projecting part of the wall, eating
from a wooden bowl filled with a thin broth, repulsive in appearance
and smell and biting pieces of earth-colored bread as hard as a brick;
the cell was impregnated with horrible odours; the bare stone flags of
the floor were icy cold; a ragged, dirty sack of straw, and a thin,
tattered coverlet swarming with vermin covered the bench in the corner;
in the morning the prisoner, like the others, was obliged to clean his
cell and work at things whose contact sickened him; at noon he walked
up and down the prisonyard, amid thieves and robbers, who jeered at and
insulted the great gentleman; the jailers assailed him with rough
words, perhaps even blows--yes, perhaps, her father was right, possibly
Abonyi might have been better off lying in the grave than enduring the
disgrace and hardships of the prison.

She gave herself up to these ideas, which almost amounted to
hallucinations, with actual delight; she even spoke of them, told the
neighbours about them as if they were facts which she had witnessed,
and when, early in February, a peasant who had been sentenced to a
year's imprisonment in the county jail for horse-stealing, was released
and returned to Kisfalu, Panna was one of the first who visited him and
asked if he had seen Abonyi in the county prison.

"Why, of course," replied the ex-convict, grinning.

Panna's eyes sparkled.

"You went to walk in the yard with him?  They probably put him in

"You are talking nonsense, neighbour," said the peasant.  "He wore no
chains, and did not go into the yard with us.  If I saw him, it's
because I waited on him."

"Waited?  You waited on him?"

"Certainly.  Surely you don't suppose that he is treated like one of
us!  He lives in a pretty room, has his meals sent from the hotel, goes
in and out freely during the day, and is only locked up at night for
form's sake; he wears his own clothing and is served by the other
prisoners; we all tried to get the place, for he pays like a lord.
Hitherto, he hasn't found it very tiresome, for people came to see him
every day and, when there were no visitors, he played cards with the
steward.  They say that, on New Year's Eve, he lost 140 florins to him;
it gave us something to talk about for a week."

During this story Panna remained rigid and speechless, listening with
her mouth wide open, without interrupting, and when the peasant paused
she sat still a short time, as if her thoughts were far away, and then
went out like a sleep-walker, leaving the man staring after her in
astonishment at her strange behaviour.

From this hour she was a different person.  She was no longer seen to
smile, she scarcely spoke, did not open her lips all day, and avoided
meeting people's eyes, even her own father's.  When the gardener came
to visit her, she evaded him if possible, and if she could not do that,
sat by his side and let him talk while she gazed into vacancy.  When,
one Sunday afternoon, the priest again appeared in the hut, probably to
renew his attempt at reconciliation, she darted out of the door like a
will-o'-the-wisp the instant she saw him, leaving the amazed and
disconcerted pastor alone in the room.

Panna went daily to the churchyard and busied herself for hours about
her husband's grave.  She ordered a stone cross from the city with the
inscription: "To her cruelly murdered husband by his unforgetting
widow."  But when she wanted to have the monument set up, the priest
interfered with great vehemence and declared he would never permit this
cross to be placed in "his" churchyard.  Panna did not make the least
attempt to rebel against this command, but quietly told the workmen to
carry the stone to her house; there it was leaned against the wall
opposite to her bed, and daily, when she rose and went to rest, she sat
a long time on the edge of her pallet, gazing thoughtfully at the cross
and inscription.

Once she interrupted her father in the midst of an ordinary
conversation with the abrupt inquiry, whether, in dismissing a
prisoner, the time fixed in the sentence was rigidly kept, and if, for
instance, any one was condemned to six months' imprisonment, this six
months would run from the end of the trial or from the following

The old man thought the question strange and did not know how to answer
it.  He, too, was secretly beginning frequently to share the opinion
now tolerably current in the village, that Panna was not altogether
right in her mind.

Meanwhile Spring had come, Panna worked industriously in the fields and
in the vineyard, nothing betrayed what thoughts were occupying the mind
of the silent, reserved woman.  Not until the latter part of May did
she begin to grow restless and excited, then she repeatedly entreated
her father and the gardener, though it evidently cost her a great
effort to control herself, to ask at the castle whether the day of the
master's release was known.  Her father flatly refused to comply with
her crazy wishes, and very earnestly exhorted her to trouble herself no
farther about the castle and its owner.  As for the gardener, he had
cautiously intimated repeatedly that it would be unnatural for so
young, robust, and beautiful a woman to remain a widow long, especially
when there was some one who would consider himself only too happy to
put an end to her widowhood, and he now added his entreaties to the old
man's that she would at last banish from her mind the memory of the
evil past.

Accident rendered Panna the service she had vainly asked of the two
men.  One evening, when she was returning from the fields, she passed
the housekeeper at the castle who, with her back to the road, stood
leaning against the low half-door of a peasant's hut, and called to her
friend who was working in the yard: "Well, the master wrote to-day; he
wants János to bring the carriage at six o'clock to-morrow morning to
take him from the prison."

At this moment the peasant woman saw Panna passing, and made the
housekeeper a sign which silenced her at once.  But Panna had heard
enough.  She quickened her pace to reach home quickly, put down her
hoe, and ascertained that her father was already in the house.  Her
voice betrayed no trace of excitement as she asked if he was going out
again, which he answered in the negative.  Then she went to her room,
put on a warm woollen shawl, slipped the few florins she still
possessed into her pocket, and went away, telling her father to go to
sleep, she would be back again.

Hastening to a peasant who lived at the other end of the village, she
begged him to drive her to the city at once; she would pay whatever he
asked.  The man replied that his horses were tired out, he had driven
them to the pasture, and could not bring them home now, etc.  Panna
went to the second house beyond and repeated her request.  This peasant
was more curious than his neighbour and asked what she wanted in the
city in such a hurry.

"My father has suddenly been taken very ill, and I must get a doctor."

"Why don't you go to the village surgeon if the case is so urgent?"

"I have been there," was the quick, glib answer which fell from Panna's
tongue, "he isn't at home, and won't come before morning.  He has been
called to a farm two miles off."

"H'm!  And you are leaving the sick man all alone?"

"He isn't alone, a neighbour is with him."

"Wouldn't it be better for you to ask the neighbour to go to the city,
and stay with your father yourself?"

"To cut the matter short, neighbour," Panna, who had grown terribly
impatient, now burst forth, "will you take me or not?  I'll answer your
foolish questions on the way."

The peasant cautiously named the price of the ride, which Panna,
without a word of objection, instantly placed in his hand, after which
he at last went to draw out the waggon and harness the horses.  A few
minutes later the vehicle was rolling over the dusty high-road.

Panna, wrapped in her shawl, sat on a bundle of straw which the peasant
had put in to furnish a seat for his passenger, staring with dilated
eyes at the landscape, illumined by a soft radiance.  It was a
marvellously beautiful night in May.  The full moon was shining in a
cloudless sky, the ripening grain waved mysteriously to and fro in the
white light, over the darker meadows a light mist was rising which,
stirred by the faint breeze, gathered into strange shapes, then
dispersed again, now rose a little, now sank, so that the straggling
bushes scattered here and there alternately appeared above the floating
vapour and were submerged in it; the fragrance of the wild flowers
mingled with the fresh exhalations from the damp earth and gave the
warm air a stimulating aroma.  Now and then, where the bushes grew more
thickly along the edge of the road, the rapturous songs of the
nightingales were heard, the only sound, except the distant barking of
a dog, or the buzzing of a huge night-beetle flitting past the waggon,
which, at times, interrupted the silence of the night.

But Panna's senses were closed to all this varied beauty.  Her whole
existence, all her thoughts and feelings were now centred upon a single
point, the purpose which brought her to the city.  With a torturing
effort, which drove the blood to her brain, she again reviewed the
events of the past month, of her whole life.  She strove to examine
them on all sides, judge them impartially, consider them from various

Was it right that Abonyi should now be at liberty to move about as the
great lord he had always been, after being permitted to make himself
comfortable for six months in a prison, which was no jail to him?  Was
it not her duty to execute the justice which neither the laws nor men
would practise?  Had she not a perfect right to do so, since she, and
those who belonged to her, had hitherto always atoned fully and
completely, rigidly and more than rigidly, for every sin?

In her early childhood her soul had been ravaged by a terrible grief,
which had never been overcome; the law had killed her brother; in her
girlhood, she had been tortured by only too frequent repetitions of the
sight of her father, whom the law had loaded with chains and punished
with severe imprisonment; her sorely wounded heart had found
consolation only in a single thought which, amid her sufferings and
afflictions, had gradually become established as firmly as a rock
within her soul, that every sin found a harsh punishment, that this was
an immovable, inexorable law of the universe, which could not be
escaped, that it would be easier to pluck the stars from the sky than
to do wrong without atoning for it.  When, by a sudden act of violence,
she injured Pista for life, it was instantly apparent to her that she
owed expiation for it, and she had not hesitated or delayed an instant
in punishing herself more severely than any judge would have done, by
voluntarily sacrificing the happiness of her whole existence.  This had
cost her no self-conquest, it was a matter of course; the eternal law
of the universe of sin and atonement required it, and to this demand
there could be no resistance.

This law was her religion, she believed it and could not help
believing; if she did not, if there was no august law of the universe,
beyond all doubt, that sin exacted pitiless requital, it surely would
not have been necessary to shoot her brother, to deliver her father so
often to the hardships of prison-life, to bind her own youth to a
hideous being whom she did not love when she married him, whom only the
consciousness of duty voluntarily and proudly fulfilled afterwards
rendered dear to her.  If this was not a necessity, surely God, fate,
mankind--use whatever name you choose--had basely, atrociously, robbed
her brother, her father, and herself of life and happiness, and their
destiny was enough to cause frenzy, despair, madness!

No, no, that could not be.  Fate could not deal so rapaciously with a
whole group of human beings; such unprecedented, inconceivable
injustice could not have been done them.  They had only experienced the
great law of the universe and ought not to complain, because it is the
course of the world.

But now this law had been violated in the most unparalleled manner;
Abonyi had committed a heavy sin and had not atoned for it; this was a
phenomenon which shook the foundations of her being, robbed her of all
support, abruptly reawakened all her slumbering doubts concerning the
necessity of her bitter fate, and unchained the terrible tempests in
her soul, which hitherto only intense faith in the stern, but morally
necessary omnipotence of the law of sin and atonement, had succeeded in
soothing.  Her sense of morality showed her a means of escape from this
mental torture, and she did not hesitate to take it.  The law of the
universe must not be belied, it must prove itself in this case, as it
always had; since those appointed to the office had shamefully omitted
to use it, it became her right and her duty to execute it herself.

Amid these thoughts, which did not enter her mind dimly and vaguely,
but with perfect clearness and distinctness, the hours passed with
magical swiftness and, ere she was aware of it, the springless waggon
rolled over the uneven pavement of a street in the suburbs.  The noisy
rattle of the wheels, which followed their former comparatively
noiseless movement, and the jolts which the vehicle received in the
numerous holes of the roadway quickly roused Panna from her deep
reverie and brought her to a consciousness of external things.

It was about two o'clock in the morning.  She asked the peasant to
drive to the corner of a certain street, where the doctor whom she
wanted, lived; when she reached the desired place she got out, gave her
driver another florin, and said:

"Neighbour, go into a tavern and let your horses rest.  You can ride
home whenever you choose; I will ask the doctor to drive out in his own
carriage and to take me with him; we shall get there several hours
earlier with his fresh horses, than with your tired nags, which could
not turn back at once."

"You're right there," replied the peasant, somewhat drowsily, bade her
good-night, and drove off at a walk.  In a few minutes the waggon was
out of sight and hearing.

Panna now moved with rapid steps through several streets, which were
alternately flooded with bright moonlight and shrouded in darkness,
until she stood before the county jail.  This is a barrack-like
structure, whose plain front has for its sole architectural ornament
two pairs of columns, which flank the main entrance on both sides.
Panna entered the narrow space between the two columns at the left, and
sat down with her back resting against the fluted shaft at the stone
base of the pillar, whose shadow completely concealed her.

She was very weary and exhausted; the tempest of thoughts in her brain
were followed by fatigue and a dull stupor; the silence, the darkness,
the warmth of the shawl wrapped closely around her, the motionless
position which her narrow hiding-place required, exerted a drowsy
influence, and she soon sank into a torpor which imperceptibly passed
into an uneasy, agitated half slumber, visited by terrible dreams.
Panna saw horrible shapes dancing around her, which grasped her with
their icy hands and dragged her away; sometimes it seemed as if her
brother was brought out and a bullet fired into his head; while she was
trying anxiously to find the wound, it was not her brother, but Pista,
who lay there with the hole in his forehead; she wailed aloud and the
dead man rose, seized a brick, and dashed it on her head so that she
fell bleeding; then again it seemed as though it was not she who lay on
the ground in a pool of blood, but Abonyi, who still held the smoking
revolver in his rigid hand; so the frightful dream faces blended in
terrible, spectral changes, one horrible visage drove out another, till
Panna, with a low cry of fear, suddenly started from her troubled
sleep.  A heavy hand had grasped her by the shoulder, and a harsh voice
shouted unintelligible words into her ear.

When she opened her eyes, she saw a policeman standing before her,
shaking her and asking what she was doing here.  Panna was terribly
startled for a moment, but she quickly regained her presence of mind,
and said:

"My husband is in the jail and will be released early in the morning;
so I came here to wait for him."

"Why, my dear woman, you can't stay here," replied the policeman; "find
a night's lodging, and in the morning you can be here in ample time to
meet your husband."

"Oh, do let me stay here, I don't know anybody in the city, where am I
to go now in the night, it will surely be morning in two or three
hours," pleaded Panna, at the same time drawing from her pocket a
florin, one of the last she had left, which she slipped into the hand
of the guardian of order.  After this argument the latter evidently
discovered that it would be no very serious crime if a beautiful young
woman waited in front of the jail, on a warm, moon-lit night in May,
for her husband's release, for, with an incomprehensible mutter, he
pursued his round, on which, during the next two hours, he repeatedly
passed Panna without troubling himself any farther about her.

All fatigue had now left the watcher and, after this disturbance, she
did not close her eyes a second time.  She was once more calm and
strong, and constantly repeated in her mind that she was about to do a
good, needful work, pleasing to God.  The moon had set, it was growing
noticeably cool, day was dawning in the east; she shivered, a slight
tremor ran through her whole frame, yet she remained motionless on her
stone seat.  Gradually the light grew brighter and brighter, the great
city gave the first signs of awakening, a few sleepy-looking people
began to pass with echoing footsteps through the street, now and then a
carriage drove by, the matin bells pealed from the church steeples, and
the first rays of the rising sun flooded the roofs of the surrounding
houses with ruddy gold.  Just at that moment a carriage rolled around
the corner, drove in a sharp curve to the door of the jail, and
stopped.  Panna pressed farther back into her niche and hid her face in
her shawl.  She had recognized János and an open carriage owned by

The driver, who had not noticed the dark figure between the pillars,
sprang from his box, blanketed the steaming horses, and gave them some
bags of oats.  Meanwhile the door of the jail had opened, for it was
five o'clock; a heiduck came out, yawning and stretching, and asked

"For whom are you waiting so early, Brother?"'

"For my master, Herr von Abonyi, who will come presently."

"Yes, yes, you are to fetch his lordship; well, if you wish, I'll go in
and tell the gentleman that you're here."

"Do, we'll get away sooner."

The man vanished inside the building and János busied himself
industriously with his horses, while whistling a little song.  It was
not ten minutes before steps and voices were heard in the doorway.
János raised his cap, called: "At your service," and sprang on the box.
Two men appeared on the threshold, both looking as though they had been
up all night--Abonyi and the steward.

"Cordial thanks and farewell till you see me in Kisfalu!" cried Abonyi,
shaking hands with his companion.

"Good-bye until then!  And in Kisfalu I'll give you revenge for the
trifle you lost to-night."

"If my coachman hadn't come so early, I would have won it all back

"Why," said the steward, "if you feel inclined, you can come back and
play on comfortably."

"Thank you, I've had quite enough of your hospitality for the present,"
replied Abonyi, and both laughed heartily, after which they again shook
hands with each other.

The steward, who was shivering, turned back, and Abonyi prepared to get
into the carriage.  At the moment when he had one foot on the step and
was half swinging in the air, without any firm hold, Panna sprang out,
threw her whole weight upon Abonyi, dragged him to the ground with her,
and, almost while falling, with the speed of lightning struck him
repeatedly in the breast with a long, sharp, kitchen knife, which she
had had in her bosom.

All this had been the work of a few instants.  Abonyi had scarcely had
time to utter a cry.  János sat mute with bewilderment on the box,
staring with dilated eyes at the two figures on the ground; the steward
turned at the shriek and stood as though spell-bound by the spectacle
which presented itself.  Abonyi lay gasping, with his blood pouring
from several wounds; Panna had straightened herself and, throwing down
the bloody knife, stood quietly beside her victim.  Instantly a great
outcry arose, János sprang from the carriage and went to the assistance
of his unconscious and evidently dying master, the steward rushed up to
Panna and grasped her by the arm, which she permitted without
resistance, a number of heiducks appeared, Panna was dragged into the
doorway, and a flood of curses and threats was poured upon her.  While
Abonyi was carried into the guard-room under the entrance and laid on a
wooden-table, where he drew his last breath before a physician could be
summoned, a multitude of violent hands dragged Panna, amid fierce
abuse, into the courtyard, while the steward shouted loudly:

"Lads!  Bring chains for this monster!  Chains I say, put irons on her
hands and feet."

Then Panna who, hitherto, had not opened her lips, cried in a resonant
voice, while a strange smile hovered about her quivering lips:

"Why, my dear sir, how long have you used chains?  Wouldn't you rather
play a game of cards with me?"

The steward's face flushed scarlet, he shrieked a few orders to his men
in a shrill tone, and rushed back into the guard-room to Abonyi.

Panna was shoved rather than led down the steps of a flight of cellar
stairs and thrust into a dark, stifling cell, where handcuffs were put
on.  During this proceeding, she made many sneering speeches:

"Give me a handsomely furnished room, too, like the one the nobleman
had!  And who will wait on me here?"

"Silence, witch!" cried the heiduck who was chaining her.  "The
executioner will wait on you when he makes you a head shorter."

"The executioner?  Fool, what nonsense you are talking!  No executioner
will touch me.  At the utmost I shall get three months imprisonment.
If six months is the sentence given for the murder of an innocent man,
surely one can't get more than three for killing a murderer."

At last Panna was left alone and the iron doors of her cell closed with
an echoing sound.  The crime naturally created the utmost excitement in
the county jail; officials and employees talked of nothing else, and
after learning from János who the criminal was, the opinion was
generally expressed that she must be crazy.  Before the examining
magistrate, who was informed of the bloody deed in the course of the
forenoon, gave Panna an examination, he sent a physician to see her and
give an opinion of her mental condition.

The doctor found the young widow lying on the bench, deadly pale and
utterly exhausted.  She had spent all the power of her soul in the
horrible resolve and its execution, and was now as gentle and tearful
as a frightened child.  She entreated the physician to have the irons
taken off; she could not bear them, she would be perfectly quiet; and
when he promised this she also besought him to write to her father,
whose address she gave, in her place.  She begged the latter's
forgiveness for what she had done; she could not help it, there must be
justice for gentlemen as well as for peasants.  If there was no justice
the world could not exist, everything would be topsy-turvy, and people
would kill one another in the public streets just as the wild beasts
did in the woods.  She, too, would atone for the sin she had committed
that day, and that would be perfectly just.  She also sent a message to
the gardener, thanking him for all the kindness and love which he had
shown her, and hoping that he might have a happier life than Fate had
allotted to her.

The physician talked with her some time longer, and received quiet,
rational, somewhat timid replies.  At last he went away shaking his
head, evidently not knowing what to think of this singular woman, but
he succeeded in having the handcuffs removed, and faithfully wrote the
letter, as he had promised to do.

Panna was to be brought before the examining magistrate for the first
time on the following morning.  When the jailer opened the door of the
cellar cell, he started back in horror.  From the grating in the little
window, high up in the stone wall, dangled a rigid human form.  Panna
had hung herself in the night by tying the strings of her skirt


The first regiment of dragoon-guards had been waiting idly behind a
screen of low bushes in a shallow hollow for more than an hour, to
receive the order to advance.

It was an interesting point in the spacious battle-field of Metz, and
an important period in that day of August 16th, 1870, which paved the
way for the ultimate prevention of Bazaine's breaking through to
Verdun.  By rising in the stirrups, or ascending one of the numerous
shallow ridges which intersected the meadow, a charming view appeared.

A few hundred paces in the rear lay the little village of Vionville
with its slender church-steeple, from whose top floated the flag of the
red cross.  Several roads bordered with poplars diverged from the
hamlet, crossing in straight lines the broad, undulating meadow.  In
the foreground was a tolerably steep declivity, which at this moment
formed the boundary of the German lines.  Northward and southward, as
far as the eye could reach, extended a ravine several hundred feet
wide, at whose bottom a little stream had worn a narrow, winding
channel.  The western slope was tolerably gentle, the opposite one, on
the contrary, was somewhat steep.  Beyond stretched a bare plain, with
a few church steeples and white buildings, in the distant background.
Here the French were apparently drawn up in considerable force.

On the crest of the German hill several batteries were mounted, which
maintained a rapid fire with bombs.  Small bodies of infantry lay on
the ground a short distance in the rear of the artillery.  Still
farther back was the regiment of dragoons, each man with his horse's
bridle wound around his arm, waiting with weary, somewhat stolid faces,
for orders.  The battle had evidently been at this point some time.
Nearly all the enemy's shells fell into the ravine, few reached the
level ground on the German side, and they, too, thus far, had effected
no special injury.  Only a broken gun-carriage and two or three holes
in the earth which, surrounded by a loose wall of yellow clay, looked
like new-made graves, lent the plain something of the character and
local colouring of a battle-field.  The ear had a larger share in the
mighty work of the day than the eye.  From the sides, the front, the
rear, everywhere, cannon thundered, at a short distance on the right
echoed the rattle of a sharp fire of musketry, while the terrible,
ceaseless roar which filled the air alternately swelled and sank, like
the rising and falling flood of melody of a vast orchestra, during the
storm of the pastoral symphony.

A number of officers had assembled on a little mound in front of the
regiment of dragoons, whence they were attentively watching the French.
Among them a major stood smoking a cigarette and gazing dreamily into
vacancy.  He was a man a little under thirty, with a slender figure,
somewhat above middle height, and a pale, narrow face, to which cold
grey eyes, and a scornful expression resting upon the colourless lips
shaded by a blond mustache inclining to red, lent a stern, by no means
winning expression.  In this environment of human beings, amid these
excited young men with their healthful, sunburnt faces, he, with his
impassive, reserved expression and somewhat listless bearing, looked
strangely weary and worn.  A woman's eye gazing at the group of
officers would scarcely have regarded him with favour; a man's would
have singled him out as the most intellectual of them all.

Removing his helmet and wiping the perspiration from his forehead with
his handkerchief, he displayed a head on which the hair was already
growing thin and, at the same time, a well-kept, aristocratic hand,
with long, thin, bloodless fingers.  His whole appearance, even in the
levelling uniform, revealed a man of exalted rank.  And, in fact, this
officer was Prince Louis of Hochstein-Falkenburg-Gerau, the head of a
non-reigning line of a German princely race.

Orphaned at an early age, he found himself at eighteen when, by the
rules of his House, he attained his majority, in the unrestricted
possession of a yearly income of several millions.  From his mother, a
very fine musician, he inherited artistic tastes and a keen
appreciation of the beautiful; from his haughty and somewhat eccentric
father a rugged, independent nature, which found every external
constraint intolerable and wished to obey only the law of its own will.

It requires little power of imagination to picture how the world looks
to the eyes of a young, immensely wealthy scion of royalty.  The court
treated Prince Louis with marked distinction, the ladies petted him,
gentlemen showed him the most flattering attention.

Precocious, as people become in the hot-house atmosphere of
aristocratic society, reflective and shy, as only children, who are
reared among grown people, without intercourse with companions of their
own age, almost always are, endowed, moreover, with a critical mind,
which always confronted appearances sceptically and anxiously went to
the bottom of everything, Prince Louis, unlike so many of his equals in
rank, did not accept the tokens of consideration offered him on all
sides as a matter of course, but constantly asked himself their cause.
He was honest with himself and admitted that he owed his sovereign's
clasp of the hand, the wooing smiles of the ladies, the cordial
advances of men of rank and distinction, not to his own personality,
but to his title and his wealth.

"What do they all know about me?" he often said to himself, when he
returned from an entertainment at court to his splendid palace,
tenanted only by servants.  "Nothing!  They give me no chance to open
my mouth, and if everything I said to-night had been written down and
laid before a man who was capable of judging, that he might give an
opinion of the person who made these remarks, he could not truthfully
say anything except: 'The fellow is perhaps not actually a simpleton,
but does not surpass mediocrity.'  Yet I am received as if I were some
one of consequence.  Yes, that's just it: it is not I, Louis, who am
treated so, for no one would trouble himself about me, but Prince Etc."
He became really jealous of "Prince Etc.," whom he regarded almost as
an enemy, who supplanted and cast into the shade his own individuality,
and the noble ambition entered his mind to win esteem by his
personality, not by the external advantages which chance had bestowed.

But this was no easy matter.  "Prince Etc." everywhere stood
intrusively in his way and would allow poor "Louis" no opportunity.  He
went to a university, less in order to study than to steep himself for
a few terms in the poetry of student life.  The members of his
extremely aristocratic club formed in two ranks before him when he went
to their tavern, and old professors whom, hitherto, he had admired for
their works, blushed with joyous emotion when he introduced himself to
them, and in the class-room appeared to address him alone.  He soon had
enough of this, and entered the army.  The colonel thanked him for the
compliment which he paid the regiment by choosing it, his superior
officers showed him endless marks of consideration, and if some of them
affected to make no distinction between him and other young officers,
he detected in it an intention which also irritated him.  As, moreover,
he found no special pleasure in the conversations of his comrades, nor
in the parades, watchwords, and other details of garrison life, he
forthwith quitted active service, not without having been promoted, in
rapid succession, to first-lieutenant, captain, and major in his

Of course meanwhile woman had entered his existence.  But in what a
manner!  Light relations with actresses, which merely occupied his
senses and left no trace in his life except some considerable sums in
the account book which his faithful family steward kept with great
accuracy; fleeting flirtations with society ladies, which soon became
intolerable because he merely found incomparably greater demands, but
otherwise nothing more than with his actresses, toward whom he need use
no ceremony.  This was all.  A great, deep love would have given his
life happiness and purpose; but it did not dawn for him.  Was it
because he did not meet the right woman?  Was it because he did not
come out of himself sufficiently? was he, as it were, too much walled
in by his indifference to discover, behind the reserve of maidenly
timidity, faint emotions by which his own feelings might have been
kindled?  Enough, he passed woman by, without seeing in her aught save
a toy.  By accident, or to be more accurate, through the jealousy of
another interest which believed itself threatened, he discovered a
cleverly woven intrigue to lure him into a marriage with a princess
who, though neither especially beautiful nor wealthy, was yet very
pretty, and this so roused his distrust that henceforth he saw in the
favour of matrons and in the smiles of young ladies only speculations
upon his revenue of two millions and his title of prince, and acquired
a positive abhorrence of the circles in which people marry.

Once he had a meeting which narrowly escaped making a deeper
impression.  On a journey from the Black Forest to Norderney the
prince, who cared nothing for aristocratic isolation, occupied the same
compartment with a young girl from Mayence, who was going to the same
place.  She was remarkably beautiful, charming, gay, and brilliant, and
exerted a powerful attraction over the prince.  He was extremely
attentive to her during the trip, while she remained pleasantly
indifferent and appeared to care nothing for him.

Perhaps this very indifference stimulated him, and he continued his
attentions at the North Sea watering place, where he maintained the
incognito of Herr von Gerau, the beautiful girl, who was at once
surrounded by other young gentlemen, only learning from him that he was
a land-owner.  She accepted his daily gifts of flowers, it is true, but
otherwise showed no more favour to him than to the rest of her suitors.
Indeed, she paid even less consideration to the prince than to the
others, which greatly depressed him.  Then it happened that a very
exalted personage who was a friend of Prince Louis came to Norderney.
The latter was obliged to pay him a ceremonious visit on which he wore
his uniform, and now could no longer conceal his rank and name.  The
Mayence beauty saw him in his handsome blue uniform coat, and learned
that very day the identity of her admirer.  Her manner to him altered
as if by magic.  She had eyes for him alone, distinguished him by a
cordiality which justified the boldest hopes and, by her tender looks
and smiles, seemed to be imploring forgiveness for not having perceived
his value sooner.  Prince Louis noticed this sudden change and felt the
deepest shame.

For two days good and evil fought a hard battle in his soul.  His
innate nobility of character urged him not to profit by his advantage,
to withdraw from a person whom he had discovered to be so superficial.
His bitter contempt for women whispered to carry the relation which had
assumed a frivolous turn, to the doubtful end.  Baseness triumphed over
nobility, and let any man of twenty-four who feels that he is guiltless
cast the first stone at the prince.  But his evil genius farther
instigated him to do something very odious.  After a poetic hour, in
which the Mayence beauty, amid fervid kisses, had asked whether he, her
beloved one, would now be hers forever, he sent her a package which
contained--his uniform, and a costly pin in the shape of a crown,
accompanied by a little note stating that he gave, for her perpetual
possession, all that she had loved in him.

The remembrance of this unpardonably unchivalrous act often tortured
him afterwards, but his repentance by no means took the form of greater
respect for women.  On the contrary, he became more and more a convert
to Don Juan's love--philosophy, and allowed only the millionaire and
Prince Etc. to sue for favour, while the sceptical Louis grew wholly
averse to the fair sex.

From early youth, he had secretly written lyric poetry, and his
productions, which, it is true, were imitative rather than original,
were pleasant to read and correct in form.  He sent some under his own
name to great weekly periodicals, and they not only appeared at once
but he obtained the most flattering requests for more contributions.
This afforded him much gratification, but again only for a brief time.
Under the influence of his suspicious spirit of investigation, he sent
several poems, with an unpretending assumed signature, to other papers.
He either received no reply or curt rejections in the editors'
letter-box.  So he was done with that too.

He tried the "naive" life of pleasure, as he called it.  With small
success.  Gaming soon ceased to attract him, for at the roulette table
in Monaco he loathed the companionship of old professional gamblers
with their gallows-bird faces, and of bedizened Paris courtesans, and
at his club in Berlin or Baden, where he played only with respectable
people, the stakes were never high enough to permit even the largest
possible gain or loss to excite him.  The pleasures of the epicure
afforded him more satisfaction, and his table was famous among his
peers.  He soon wearied of wine; the discomfort caused by intoxication
seemed to him too large a price to pay for the enjoyment of drinking.
This caused his guests to banter him about his moderation, and allude
to the historic drinking-horn of gigantic size, which, as the
chronicles of the House attested, his ancestors used to drain at their
banquets, though in those days the Burgundy was far from its present
perfection, and Canary had not yet been invented.  His companions'
enthusiasm for drinking at last disgusted him with entertaining, and he
gradually lost his taste for choice dinners also.

Once, while living on his Silesian estates, whose extent was equal to a
small kingdom, he became ill, and was obliged to send for the district
physician.  This man, who afterwards obtained a world-wide reputation,
was then young, unknown, and apparently an ordinary country doctor.
The prince, however, soon perceived that he was far superior to his
circumstances and position, and placed himself upon a very confidential
footing with him.  One day he complained of the desolation and monotony
of his life and asked, in a tone between jest and earnest, what he
should do with himself.

"Give your life a purpose, Prince," replied Dr. Backer, "strive for

Prince Louis smiled scornfully.

"For what shall I strive?  Everything to which the rest of you aspire,
which you are struggling with your best powers to attain, I already
possess!  Money?  I cannot spend half my income unless I light my
cigars with hundred-thaler notes, or wish to bore a hole through the
earth.  Women's favour?  My visiting cards will obtain more than is
desirable for me.  Honours?  At six and twenty years old, I have the
grand cross of the highest orders, and have the precedence of every one
except a few princes of the blood.  Power?  Listen, my dear Doctor: I
really believe that if it suited my pleasure I could shoot a slater off
the roof, and the affair would have no unpleasant results.  Fame and
immortality?  My name is perhaps somewhat better known than Goethe's.
Wherever I desire to appear, I am far more of a lion than the greatest
poet and scholar, and every Prince Hochstein is sure of two lines in
the encyclopaedia and larger historical works, even if he has done
nothing except to be born and to die at a reasonable age.  So, for what
should I strive?"

"For satisfaction with yourself," replied Dr. Backer, "and that you
will find only when you earn what you inherited from your ancestors, in
order to possess it, as Father Goethe says."

Satisfaction with himself--certainly!  But to attain it is the greatest
art of life.  The prince might gain it if he devoted himself earnestly,
not merely in a half-absent dilettante fashion, to some art, science,
or useful avocation.  Only it required a self-discipline of which,
unfortunately, he was incapable.  In all pursuits requiring dexterity,
all sciences, the first steps are laborious, wearisome, and apparently
thankless, and the Canaan which they promise is reached only after
weary wandering through the desert.  Prince Louis did not possess the
self-denial requisite for it.  So he continued his life devoted to
purely external things and meanwhile was as much bored as Jonah in the
whale.  He undertook long journeys and disappeared for six months,
during which he hunted tigers in India and hippopotami in the Blue
Nile.  When he returned home and was questioned at the club about his
experiences and whether he had been entertained, he answered with a
shrug of the shoulders.

"Entertained?  As if one could be in this vale of tears!  There really
is nothing remarkable about a tiger-hunt.  The danger and excitement
concern the poor devils of Hindoos, who rouse the game.  I sat in my
howdah on a very quiet elephant and fired as if I were shooting at a
target.  Buy some big cats from Asia or Africa, put them into a cage in
your park, and shoot till you kill them.  It is about the same thing.
True, the scenic effects are less glaring, there are fewer
supernumeraries, and there is not so much shrieking and struggling on
the stage.  But that seems to me rather an advantage, and one doesn't
have the heat and the snakes."

His hearers laughed, and an old gentleman remarked:

"You have mental colour-blindness, my dear Prince, and I should not
like to have you guide the engine of my life-train."

He had hit the mark.  Prince Louis saw life uniformly grey.  How
infinitely true are Schiller's words:

  "Each mortal heart some wish, some hope, some fear,
  Linked with the morrow's dawn, must cherish here
  To bear the troubles with which earth is rife,
  The dull montony [Transcriber's note: monotony?] of daily life."

But Prince Louis wished, hoped, feared nothing, and when he thought of
the future he beheld it in the form of a drowsy monster, yawning
noisily.  He longed like a languishing lover for some excitement,
pursued it to the end of the world, but did not succeed in finding it.

He was just on the eve of going to Norway to hunt reindeer, when the
war of 1870 broke out.  In 1866 he had been in Africa and did not hear
of the events of the summer until everything was over.  This time he
asked permission to join his regiment, the first dragoon-guards, which
of course was granted.  To tell the truth, he was influenced less by
patriotism and enthusiasm than, in addition to propriety, the hope that
military life would afford him new sensations.

Had he deceived himself this time also?  It almost seemed so; for,
during the fortnight which he had spent in the enemy's country, he had
as yet experienced nothing unusual.  When a person is attended by two
capable servants, and has an unlimited amount of money at his disposal,
he need suffer no discomfort even in the field, especially during a
victorious advance, and as yet there had been no opportunity for
individual deeds of heroism, or perilous adventures.

Thus he had again relapsed into a half-listless mood, while, as we have
just seen him, he stood among his comrades in front of his regiment
smoking his cigarette.  Now, however, the French appeared to be
advancing from the other side of the ravine.  Their batteries came
nearer, their shells began to fly across the gorge and strike behind
the German cannon.  One burst amid the division of infantry, killing
and wounding several soldiers.  Another demolished a gun and made havoc
among those who served it.  The short sharp whistle of bullets even
began to mingle with the peculiar shrill wailing sound of the sugarloaf
shot, and on the plateau beyond, slender lines of infantry, diverging
very far apart, could be seen moving swiftly onward.  They ran forward,
flung themselves down, there was a succession of sudden flashes, little
clouds of white smoke rose, a confusing medley of sharp, rattling
reports followed, contrasting disagreeably with the deep, rolling
thunder of the artillery; then the men were on their feet again,
rushing on, no longer in a perfectly straight line, some in advance,
others a little behind, with their faces turned towards the sun,
beneath whose rays the red breeches flamed in a vivid, bloody hue, and
buttons, bayonets, all polished bits of metal alternately flashed and

The force of artillery was too weak to risk an advance.  The colonel
who commanded the batteries ordered some shrapnels to be thrown among
the advancing lines of French infantry, and was about to move his
cannon a little farther back, when an aide dashed up from the right and
reported that he had ridden on in advance of the 38th brigade of
infantry, one regiment was close behind him, the other was marching as
rapidly as possible, and would soon arrive.  "Hurrah!  Hurrah!" shouted
artillerymen, infantry, and dragoons at the top of their voices.
"Hurrah!  Hurrah!" came back from the distance, and a regiment of
infantry, headed by a colonel and a general, advanced at a rapid march
in broad, deep columns from the poplar-bordered road across the
pathless meadow.  The group of officers exchanged greetings with the
new arrivals, the general received reports, quickly made himself
acquainted with the situation of affairs, and issued orders, signals
echoed, in an instant the masses of infantry separated, lines of
riflemen darted forward and hurried to the edge of the ravine, down
whose slope they were seen running a few minutes later.  A second and
third rank followed at a short distance, and, almost ere one was aware
of it, the whole regiment had poured down into the hollow.

This was the Third Westphalian regiment.  It had passed so near the
group of dragoon officers that Prince Louis could have distinguished
every figure, every face.  The poor fellows had been on their feet
fourteen hours, marching steadily under the scorching August sun.  A
thick gray crust of dust, which perspiration had converted into an ugly
mask, covered their fresh young faces.  The uniforms bore marks of the
clay in the various camping grounds where they had halted for a short
rest.  But nothing now revealed the mortal weariness of the band of
heroes.  Their eyes, reddened by the heat, blazed with the enthusiasm
for battle, their parched throats once more gained power to shout
"Hurrah!" with the full strength of their voices; their feet, which but
a few minutes ago had dragged along the dusty highway with painful
effort, now moved lightly and elastically, it seemed as though the
whole regiment had been invigorated by some stimulating drink as it
inarched into the line of fire.

The batteries roared above their heads at the French with twofold zeal,
"Hurrah, Hurrah!" rose from a thousand throats in the bottom of the
ravine, one could hear the roll of the drums sounding the march, and
loud shouts and cries.  Prince Louis watched the assailants, whose
foremost ranks were already climbing the hill on the opposite side.

"Poor fellows!" he thought, "there they go to death as joyously as if
it were a kirmess dance.  They will shout hurrah till they are hoarse
or a bullet silences them.  Of what are they thinking?  Probably of
nothing.  A blind impulse to conquer urges them on.  And what does
victory mean to each individual?  What advantage will it be to him?
How will it benefit his earthly fate, if he escapes death on the
battlefield?  The renown of the German name?  For me perhaps it has a
value.  Yet it is not absolutely certain.  My uniform will possibly
derive a prouder lustre; but I wear it so seldom!  If I go to Japan
next year, perhaps the Mikado will receive me with more distinction
than if I belonged to a conquered nation.  Yet whether we mow down the
French or they us, I think I shall always receive the same treatment at
the Paris Jockey Club and the Nice Cercle de la Méditerranée.  So much
for me.  But these obscure people below--what do they care about
military fame and the power of a victorious native land?  They will
notice nothing of it in their villages.  The tax-collector and the
gendarme will be just what they were before, and that is all they see
of their native country, yet they are filled with enthusiasm.  The fact
exists.  It is as clear as noonday.  We owe this to the writers who
have given such beautiful pictures of our native land and military
renown, and to the schoolmasters, who have instilled their words into
the souls of the people.  Marvellous power of language, which can
incite a prosaic peasant lad to sacrifice life joyfully for an abstract
idea, a fancy."

These were his thoughts,--it can neither be denied nor palliated.  But
while they darted clearly and swiftly through his brain, he felt a
mental agitation which surprised and bewildered him.  It was a strange
perplexity; he felt ashamed and embarrassed; it seemed as though he had
uttered his thoughts aloud, and a group of people with grave, noble
faces had listened, and were now gazing at him in silence, but with
mingled compassion and contempt.  From inaccessible depths of his soul,
into which his sober, critical, mocking reason did not shine, a
mysterious voice appeared to rise, imperiously commanding his
scepticism to be silent.  "I am right!" reason ventured to murmur.
"You are wrong!" thundered the voice from the depths.  "I will not
consciously permit myself to be made giddy by the dizziness of romantic
self-deception!" answered reason--but now Prince Louis felt as though
some stranger, from whom he must turn indignantly, was uttering the

The Third Westphalian covered the opposite ascent.  The foremost ranks
were already at the top and paused a moment, for a murderous fire
greeted the first heads which appeared, and several men, mortally
wounded, rolled down again.  But the rest pressed on, using both hands
and feet to climb the hill, whose ascent would have been mere sport for
fresh youths, skilled in gymnastic exercises, but which must have
seemed terribly steep to harassed, exhausted troops.  As they worked
their way upward with the utmost zeal, evidently striving to excel one
another, Prince Louis thought of some stanzas in the Winter Tale of his
favorite author, Heine:

  "That lovable, worthy Westphalian race,
  I ever have loved it extremely,
  A nation so firm, so faithful, so true,
  Ne'er given to boasting unseemly.
  How proudly they stood with their lionlike hearts
  In the noble science of fencing"--[1]

And with their "lion-like hearts" they reached the crest of the hill
and, summoning all their remaining breath, dashed forward.  But the
French, comparatively unwearied and, roused to the highest pitch of
combativeness by the appearance of the enemy directly in their front,
threw themselves upon them in greatly superior numbers, and after a
close fight, which by the front ranks of both forces was actually
conducted in certain places with steel weapons, forced them back to the
ravine.  It was impossible to make a stand there, the poor Westphalians
were obliged to wheel, and tumbled heels over head down the slope
again, not without leaving a number of killed and wounded.  The French
were close behind and reached the bottom of the gorge almost at the
same time.  The Westphalians attempted to climb up the opposite side
again, and then those who were left behind witnessed a heart-rending
spectacle.  The German soldiers were so utterly exhausted that their
limbs could not carry them up the ascent, gentle as it was.  They sank
down in throngs as though paralysed, the muskets dropped from their
nerveless hands, which no longer obeyed their will, and the French
could seize hundreds of them and lead them away as prisoners, while
many fell on the way and were left lying on the ground by the foe.

Meanwhile a great bustle rose.  The Eighth Westphalian regiment had
just come up and, while the batteries moved rapidly back toward the
village in the rear, the former, led by the general in person, dashed
down into the ravine to the aid of their sorely imperilled companions.
The French recoiled before the shock and a large number of the
prisoners were recaptured.  Yet the first assault did not succeed in
dislodging the foe; the French obstinately maintained their position at
the foot of the opposite height, and when attacked there, amid great
loss, with the bayonet, retired step by step up the scarf and again
made a stand at its top.  A double flank movement of the Westphalians,
however, compelled them to retire somewhat quickly, and the latter,
stimulated by the sight, pressed after them cheering.

But this favourable turn did not last long.  During the struggle for
the possession of the valley, the foe had not remained inactive.  New
masses of infantry were brought up, and in the distance cavalry
appeared, moving slowly forward.

Prince Louis had watched the course of the battle with increasing
excitement, feeling his heart alternately beat joyously with twofold
rapidity and then contract in pain till it seemed to stop.  The
situation now seemed to him critical and, glancing around, he found the
same feeling expressed in the looks and faces of the other officers.
But the colonel had already beckoned to his orderly and sprung into the
saddle.  The trumpets sounded the first signal, a sudden movement ran
through the ranks of the dragoons, in an instant all were in the
saddle, sabre-sheaths clanked against stirrups, the chains and bars of
the bits rattled as the horses tossed their heads, then there was a
second blare of trumpets, a shrill neighing, a loud snorting, the
pawing and stamping of hoofs, swords flew from their sheaths, and the
troop of horsemen was in motion.

Prince Louis looked at his watch--it was half-past six o'clock.  As, at
the head of the first squadron, he rode a short distance behind the
colonel, the aides of the regiment, and the trumpeters, a strange mood
which he had never before experienced came over him.  The painful
excitement and quivering impatience, which, during the last half-hour,
had made his veins throb to his finger-tips, merged into a joyous
consciousness of purposeful activity, which restored his calmness.  Now
he no longer reflected and criticised.  It seemed as if the doubting
spirit had been driven out of him and he was obeying eagerly,
confidently, and devoutly as a child a command which filled his whole
being with an overwhelming desire to press forward.  This man, so proud
of his personality, who had always sought his happiness in the
unrestricted exercise of his individuality, now felt his ego shrivel
until it was imperceptible.  He was only a tiny stone in a piece of
mosaic, which formed a noble masterpiece only as a whole.  A mighty
power, call it a law of nature or the will, whose manifestation is the
history of the world, had entered into and taken complete possession of
him.  It was not he who now directed his fate, it was decided by some
unknown being outside of him.  Had he been the most remarkable human
being on earth, a Newton, a Goethe, nay, the Saviour Himself, he would
now have weighed no more in the balance than the nameless Brandenberg
farm-hand by his side, he would now have had in the mechanism of the
world only the value of a dozen screws or rivets.  And, strangely
enough, this merging of his individuality into a whole, as a crystal of
sugar dissolves in water, awakened neither discomfort nor regret.  On
the contrary, it was an unknown delight, which pervaded his whole frame
and sent a little shiver of pleasure down his spine.  He felt himself a
very small personage, and yet, at the same time, a very great one, who
had far outstripped the bounds of his individuality.  It seemed as
though he was borne helplessly on by a mighty power, and the thought
entered his mind that Ganymede must have had similar sensations when he
flew heavenward between the rustling pinions of the eagle.  He was now
experiencing the deep and mighty emotion for which he had always
longed, and he had obtained it by emerging from his selfish seclusion
and finding a point of connection with all mankind.

The regiment went down the slope at a walk, describing a wide curve,
partly to make the descent more easily, partly to avoid the dead and
wounded lying in heaps upon the ground at the bottom of the declivity.
Now the horses climbed the other side in a slanting line and reached
the meadow beyond.  At a signal from the trumpets, the regiment formed
in two divisions which trotted forward, offering a wide front, still
keeping obliquely to the left for a time, past the cheering
Westphalians, and finally rushing straight upon the foe.

The thunder of the artillery in front ceased and echoed only from the
distance at the right.  From the opposite direction a regiment of
cuirassiers came to meet the dragoons.  A few hundred yards separated
the front ranks of the two, and the trumpets of both regiments could be
heard at the same time.  The order to attack was given, and with
frantic haste, the lines dashed over the resonant clay soil, which was
absolutely free from dust.

It was like a scene from the legends of the Norse gods.  The
cuirassiers, riding straight toward the westering sun, glittered and
flashed with fairy-like radiance, their shining sword-blades looked
like tongues of fire, their cuirasses and helmets blazed as if they
were at a white heat, their whole van was steeped in dazzling light, as
though surrounded by a halo.  The German dragoons had the sun directly
on their backs.  The long black shadows of the horses and riders dashed
over the ground before them, as if the cruel shadows of death were
preceding the living against the proud cuirassiers.  Now the ranks met
with a terrible crash.  The supernaturally majestic scene was
transformed in an instant into a horrible, formless chaos.  Overthrown
by the force of the shock, horses and riders rolled upon the earth.
Masterless steeds dashed wildly in every direction, revolvers snapped,
sword-blades clashed, the horses uttered short, harsh screams, the
Frenchmen fought amid oaths and exclamations, the Germans, with
clinched teeth, dealt blows around them, swords were buried in the
bodies of enemies, without their owners clearly seeing what they were
doing, single pairs of foes, hacking furiously at each other, were
suddenly separated by a movement of their horses and brought in front
of new antagonists, only to find themselves the next moment again in a
dense throng, thigh pressing against thigh, arms firmly pinioned,
panting into each other's faces, while the rearing horses tried to bite
one another.  This frenzied medley lasted perhaps two, perhaps three,
minutes.  In spite of the irregular swaying to and fro of the mass, the
dragoons had constantly advanced, and now the cuirassiers suddenly
wheeled their horses and, bending low in their saddles, dashed off in a
stretching gallop.  An exultant "Hurrah!" burst like a peal of thunder
from the breasts of the terribly excited dragoons, and their steeds,
with the blood dripping from their torn flanks, their chests covered
with flakes of foam, continued their victorious race, while on the
field behind lay hundreds of French and Germans, dead and wounded.

Signals, shouts, and the waving of sabres gradually slackened the
onward rush of the conquerors and brought them to a halt on the brink
of a narrow stream.  It seemed to Prince Louis like waking from a
dream, as he patted the neck of his gallant horse and, panting for
breath, gazed around him.  On the opposite side batteries were seen
moving rapidly away, the remnants of the cuirassier regiment were
following the artillery, and in the distance, on both sides, columns of
infantry were hurrying back, not without pouring upon the dragoons,
during the retreat, an irregular and ineffective fire.

"Strange," said a very young lieutenant beside the prince, showing him
his sword, "half the blade is covered with blood, and cannot have
received the stain except in a Frenchman's body.  Yet I cannot recall
how it happened."

Prince Louis was about to answer, when he suddenly received a
tremendous thrust in the breast, as if dealt by the hand of an
invisible giant or the tip of a bull's horn, and, with a low cry, he
pressed his hand upon the painful spot.  He withdrew it stained with
blood, and could just grasp the thought that a bullet had pierced him
ere his senses failed.

When he regained his consciousness, he found himself lying on the
trampled turf with his head resting on a saddle.  His coat was
unbuttoned and a number of his comrades were busying themselves about
him.  He felt no pain, only an inexpressible weariness and a strange,
almost indescribable feeling, something like an internal trickling,
which appeared to be rising into his throat and forced him to struggle
for breath like a drowning man.

"How do you feel, Prince?" asked the lieutenant-colonel, bending
anxiously over him.

"I feel," he answered softly, "as if I ought to shout: Long live the
king!  Long live our native land!"  Then, after a brief pause, he added
almost inaudibly, while a barely perceptible smile flickered over his
white lips: "But I certainly am not at a public meeting."

These were his last words.

[1] English translation.


Baron Robert von Linden was standing between the panels of his triple
mirror.  The sunlight of a bright May morning was streaming upon him
through the lofty window so brilliantly that it made the places which it
illumined almost transparent.  He put his face very close to the crystal
surface, so that it nearly touched and he was obliged to hold his breath
in order not to dim it, examining his reflected image a long time, with a
scrutiny which at once seeks and fears discoveries, looked at himself in
front, then from the side, changed the light, sometimes bringing his face
under the full radiance of the sunshine, sometimes receiving it at
different angles or shading himself slightly with his hand.  At last,
sighing heavily, he stepped back, laid the tortoise-shell comb and ivory
brush on the marble washstand, sank into the arm-chair standing in the
corner, and bowed his head on his breast, while his arms hung at full
length as if nerveless.

Alas! the hour when he made his morning toilet was no longer a happy one
for Baron Robert.  He dreaded the inexorable mirror, and yet
self-torturing curiosity impelled him to inspect his face with the keen
observation of a Holbein.  Not even the least deterioration in his
appearance escaped his search and scrutiny.  He perceived and examined
all the ravages which life had made in his exterior: the lines crossing
the brow, the little wrinkles extending from the corners of the eyes
toward the temples, the deep ones, as well as those which seemed, as it
were, lightly sketched with a faint stroke to be more strongly marked
later, and which were now visible only in a side-light, the creased
appearance of the lower eyelids and the space between the inner corners
of the eyes and the bridge of the nose, the granulated condition of the
smoothly shaven cheeks, which resembled the peel of ripe oranges or fine
Morocco leather; the flabbiness of the narrow strip of skin between the
edge of the beard and the ears, which looked as if it had been lightly
powdered with greyish-yellow dust; the pallor near the cheek-bone, which
was as colourless and withered as a dead tea-rose leaf.  He counted the
white hairs already visible on the temples--he pulled out the ones in the
moustache--let the sunbeams play over his hair and, turning and bending
his head, saw that it was growing thinner and, from the brow to the
crown, showed the smooth scalp shining through.  The investigation lasted
a long while, he performed it with cruel thoroughness, locking himself
into his room meanwhile, since he would not allow even his valet to be a
witness of the painful discoveries of which he believed that he alone was

Perhaps he was not mistaken in this comforting supposition.  His
appearance as a whole was still handsome and stately.  Time had not
marred the lines of his slender figure, no increase of flesh enlarged his
girth, no weakness made his shoulders droop and rounded his back, and
when dressed with exquisite taste, and carrying his head proudly erect,
he walked with a light, elastic step through the streets or across the
carpet of a drawing-room, he would have been taken at a distance, or if
one was a little near-sighted, not only for a handsome man, but even for
one still young.

He said this to himself when, after a few minutes of discouragement, he
rose from the arm-chair, hastily completed his toilet, and again looked
at the whole effect in the mirror, this time not close at hand, but from
a distance of several paces.

Some one knocked at the door.  "The doctor," said the servant's voice.

"I'm coming," replied Baron Robert, hastening to open the door and enter
the adjoining drawing-room, where Dr. Thiel was awaiting him.  He came
regularly one morning every week to see the baron before the latter went
out; for Baron Robert was a little anxious about his health, and liked to
be told by the physician, who was also his friend, that certain trifling
symptoms--great thirst on a hot day, slight fatigue after a ball, a
little heaviness in his limbs after a long walk, were of no importance.

"Well, how are you to-day?" cried Dr. Thiel, rising to meet him.

"Fairly well," replied Linden, clasping both his hands.

"Yet, surely you look rather downcast?" asked the physician.

"For good reasons," answered Linden sighing.

"What is the matter now?  Have you no appetite after eating?  Do you feel
more tired at midnight than in the morning?"

"Don't ridicule me.  You don't know what day this is."

Thiel looked at him inquiringly.

"My birthday," said Linden mournfully.

"Why, to be sure," cried Thiel, "let me see, what one is it?"

"No number," interrupted Linden quickly, covering his friend's mouth with
his hand.

"You're worse than a coquette," remarked Thiel, pushing his hand away.
He had had "an old coquette" on the tip of his tongue, but suppressed the
adjective.  "A man can speak of his age without regret, when he is only
in the mid-forties."

"Not yet the middle, I beg of you," Linden eagerly protested, "I am
forty-four years old to-day."

Thiel smiled.  "Well, I wish you many happy----"

Linden did not let him finish.  "Happiness!  Happiness!  Is there any
happiness after youth is over?"

"Everything depends upon what is meant by happiness."

Linden did not seem to hear what Thiel was saying, but pursued his own
train of thought.  "How futile your science is!  You find a bacillus
here, a ptomain there.  What use is that to me?  None!  Teach me how to
keep young forever, then I shall have some respect for your staring into
your beloved microscope.  The ancients alone were right in that, as in
everything else.  To die young.  In undiminished vigour.  The gods can
bestow no greater happiness.  What is there to seek in life when youth
has fled?"

"Nothing, of course, if, like a drone, we have but a single task in
existence: to live.  A drone must die, when it has performed its mission.
I am not at all blind to the beauty of the butterfly, which lets its
magnificent velvet wings glisten in the sunshine throughout a long summer
day, and has no organs for receiving nourishment, but does nothing except
hover around flowers and the females of his species, wooing and loving,
and dies in the evening without ever waking from his ecstasy of delight.
It is the same thing with the flower.  It blooms, exhales its fragrance,
displays beautiful forms and colours merely for the purpose of
propagation, withering quickly when that purpose is attained.  The
butterfly and the flower are both beautiful.  Yet, after all, they are
inferior forms of life, and man is higher, though he does not exhale
fragrance and usually possesses no velvet wings."

"Is it so absolutely certain that man is superior?  For my part I envy
the butterfly and the flower, which perish in the full glory of youth,
beauty, and love.  That is the way I have always imagined an existence
worth living.  A dazzling display of fireworks.  A sudden flashing,
flaming, crackling, and detonating amid the darkness.  A triumphant
ascent of glittering balls and serpents, before whose splendid hues the
stars of heaven pale.  At every rain of fire and explosion, a rapturous,
ah! and a thunder of applause from the gaping Philistines, who are in a
tumult of ecstasy at the sight, and thus, without cessation, have flash
follow flash, and report report, in a continual increase of magnificence,
until the closing piece on whose marvellous splendour darkness must fall
with no transition.  That is life.  That is happiness.  But the rockets
must always be fully charged.  Otherwise they will not fly upward amid
universal admiration to the stars, but fizz a little, hop up with
ridiculous effort, fall plump, and go out pitifully in a malodorous
smoke.  A dismal end."

Robert was silent a moment, evidently pursuing his picture in his mind.
Then, as if it were the final result of his train of thought, he added:

"Yes, Doctor, if you could only put a fresh charge into a half-exploded

The doctor smiled.

"To remain always young, we need only do at every age what harmonises
with it."

Linden looked disappointed.  But Thiel, without allowing himself to be
disturbed by it, continued:

"Are you not young at twenty?  Well, play with a humming-top in the
streets at that age, and every one who passes will exclaim: 'What an old
clown!  Aren't you ashamed of yourself?'  At fifty you consider yourself
old.  If, at fifty, you are a commander-in-chief or a chancellor,
everybody will say: 'So young a general; a minister so young!'"

Linden rose and went to the window.  Thiel followed, laid his hand on his
shoulder, looked him directly in the eye, and said very earnestly:

"Believe me, dear Baron Linden, that is the secret of perpetual
youth--there is no other.  A man in the forties is not old--unless he
cannot resolve to give up the conceits of a page."

"Always the same song!" Linden impatiently exclaimed.  "Must I renounce

"Yes," replied Thiel firmly.

"I must voluntarily renounce happiness?"

"In your case love is not always synonymous with happiness," said Thiel
with a significant smile.

"You are particularly agreeable to-day," remarked Linden sullenly.

"I owe you the truth.  It is a professional and, at the same time, a
friendly duty," said Thiel, rising to go.  Linden parted from him with a
silent clasp of the hand.

"Renounce love!  No.  That he really could not do.  Love was the sole
purpose of his life which, without it, would seem as cold and gloomy as a

He was a chosen vessel of pleasure, and apparently destined by nature to
be borne through life in women's arms, handsome, captivating, a flash of
passion in his tender eyes, his lips yearning for kisses, regarded by the
men with wrath and envy, by the women with glowing cheeks and bewildered
hearts.  When barely a youth, a page of the Grand Duchess, his attractive
person and winning grace turned the heads of all the ladies of the court,
and it was rumoured that a princess had been his first teacher in the
arts of love and, even after decades had passed, still grieved over their
memory.  As the Hereditary Grand Duke's adjutant, he had scarcely
anything to do except to continue to compose his long love-poem, and add
verse after verse.  At thirty he resigned from active service, which had
never been active for him, and became manager of the court stage.  His
brief love-conflicts and easy victories now had another scene for
display.  After the society of the court the dramatic arts: dancing,
singing, acting without choice, or rather with the choice indued by the
desire for beauty, and--change.  The years elapsed like a series of
pictures from the fairy-tale of Prince Charming.  They formed a frieze of
bewitching groups in all the attitudes which express wooing and granting,
languishing and triumphing.  Each year was a Decameron, each month a
sensuous Florentine tale, with a woman's name for title and contents.
What a retrospect!  His past life resembled a dream whose details blended
indistinctly with one another, leaving only a confused recollection of
sighs, kisses, and tears, melting eyes, half-parted lips, and loosened
tresses, a memory as deliciously soft as a warm, perfumed bath, in whose
caressing waters, in a chamber lit by a rose-hued lamp, one almost
dissolves, and yields with thoughts half merging into slumber.

But the dream seemed to be drawing to a close.  Of late a cold hand had
touched Baron Robert, at first considerately, then more and more
imperiously, to rouse him.  He could no longer shut his eyes and ears to
the signs and warnings: for they daily became plainer and more frequent,
not merely in his mirror, but also in the unintentionally cruel words of
the world, that other still more inconsiderate mirror.  The pretty
ingenue of his theatre, one of his last conquests, had recently after a
private supper, while sitting on his knee and stroking his face, said to
him with overflowing tenderness:

"What a wonderfully handsome man you must have been!"

He had thrust her from him like a viper with so hasty a movement that the
poor girl hardly knew what had happened.  She did not suspect that she
had thrust a dagger into the heart of the man she loved.  At balls, young
girls now, after a rapid waltz, whispered, blushing: "I am afraid you are
tired," and in the German other partners, who were neither so handsome
nor so elegant as he, but young and lively, attracted more attention from
the ladies and obtained more favours.  And had not a young attaché a
short time ago, in reply to the remark that he preferred a sensible
conversation with experienced men to any other social pleasure, said with
thoughtless impertinence; "Of course, at your age--"  He would have boxed
his ears, if any lady had been within hearing.

Such frank expressions, which even sensitive people did not avoid,
because they did not yet deem him in need of forbearance, caused a degree
of depression which, on some days, became actual melancholy.  Then he
sought a consoling self-deception in memory, and lost himself in dreams
of the past, as a proud, brave nation, which has suffered defeat, takes
refuge in the history of its former victories, to sustain itself.  Shut
into his study for hours he again lived over his triumphs, surrounded by
their testimonials.  He placed before him pictures of himself, taken at
different ages.  This bewitching page with his smooth, merry face, clad
in dainty knee-breeches with bows and a silk doublet, this handsome
lieutenant with the downy moustache and the bold, laughing glance, were
images of him; he had looked thus, perhaps even better; for he remembered
that the likeness, when taken, did not satisfy him, and that everybody
thought he was really far handsomer.  He opened secret drawers, which
exhaled an ungodly perfume, very faint, almost imperceptible, like a
faded, ghostly odour, yet which excited the nerves in a peculiar way, and
somewhat quickened the pulsation of the heart.  These were the archives
of the history of his own heart.  There lay in piles packages of letters,
methodically tied with coloured ribbons, withered flowers, whose leaves
fell from the corona if touched ever so lightly, faded bows, torn laces,
which still seemed to palpitate under the rude grasp of a hand rummaging
among them, paper German favours, from which the gloss and gilding had
peeled, other shapeless, disconnected bits of tinsel which were
incomprehensible unless one knew the memory associated with them, and
among the strange, motley chaos, the most personal mementoes: women's
hair smooth, curled, braided, long, and short, arranged by a true eye,
with scandalously cool composure, upon a pale lilac varnished board, in a
wonderful scale of colours, from the highest pitch, the fair locks of the
Englishwoman, resembling a delicate halo, through almost imperceptible
gradations to the deep, shining blue-black of the Sicilian, and portraits
in every form which fashion has devised during the last twenty-five
years, and from which the eternal feminine looked, lured, and smiled in a
hundred charming embodiments.  A circle of spectres rose from these
drawers and whirled around him, stretching white arms toward him and
fixing upon him tearful or glowing eyes.  All these cheeks had flushed
beneath his kisses, all these bosoms had been pressed to his own, all
these tresses his trembling fingers had smoothed, surely he might call
himself happier than most mortals, since so much of love's bliss had
filled all the hours of his existence.

Doubtless he did say this to himself after such revelling in the past,
but in his inmost heart he did not believe it.  Don Juan does not peruse
the list of the thousand and three himself.  He leaves it to Leporello
while he, without a glance at the older names, increases the succession.
The day when the cavalier begins to study his list, his wisest course
would be to burn it, for then it will no longer be a triumph, but a

Robert von Linden felt this, but he would not admit it.  On the contrary,
he intentionally endeavoured to deceive himself.  He who had been a Grand
Seigneur of love, became a snob of love.  He sank to the level of the
irresistible travelling salesman who tells the tale of his successes in
foreign taverns.  He had always left drawing-room gossip to spread his
reputation with its thousand tongues and, by the mere mention of his
name, fill maids and matrons with an exciting mixture of timid fear and
eager yearning, indignant pride and tender pity.  Now a torturing anxiety
beset him lest his great deeds might be forgotten, and he humbled himself
to the character of bard of his own epic poem.  He told his last
conquests who, naturally, with self-torturing curiosity inquired about
it, chapter after chapter of the romance of his heart, half-opened his
famous drawers and permitted them to catch a glimpse of letters,
likenesses, and locks of hair; he strove to soothe his self-esteem by
showing what passions he had inspired, at the risk of having his fair
listener, with a secret smile, imagine exaggeration where, in reality, he
was merely boasting.

Such was his mental condition at this time.  He had toilsomely erected a
sort of sham paradise of stage scenery, in which he continued to play the
character of the youthful lover, which he was scarcely entitled to
continue in life, and now this luckless doctor, with a careless movement,
had thrown down all the painted canvasses with their artificial scenes.

Thiel's brutal remark: "You must renounce love," was still echoing
painfully in his soul when he entered the home of Frau von der Lehde,
with whom according to old habit, he dined once a week.

Else von der Lehde was a year or two older than he.  She had been maid of
honor to the princess, when Robert was a page.  She had loved him deeply,
fervently, and received a little responsive affection in return.  But
that was already so far back in the past.  It was a distant memory,
suffused with the rosy light of dawn, associated with all the new, fresh
feelings of her life, youth, the awakening of her heart, first love,
jealousy, and torment.  The little idyl, in its day, was noticed by every
one, but people were disposed to regard it as harmless, and Else herself
afterward strove to see it in the same light, though she was well aware
of its real condition.  Still, a beardless boy of eighteen could not
seriously compromise a young lady of twenty, who had been in society
three winters.  He was so far from doing so, that the whispers and smiles
of this society did not prevent her becoming the wife of President von
der Lehde who, after fifteen years of wedded life, left her a childless
widow in the most pleasant circumstances.  Else had never ceased to be
completely enthralled by Robert.  During her husband's life-time, she had
imagined that it was friendship, sisterly, almost maternal friendship.
When Herr von der Lehde died, she no longer had any motive for playing a
farce with her own conscience, and she told Robert plainly that she
expected him now to marry her.  He was very much surprised and even
slightly amused.  Thirty-three years old, at the zenith of his success,
living actually in the midst of a flickering blaze of ardent love, he had
the feeling that it was a very comical idea for a woman who was his
elder, with whom for a decade and a half he had lived on terms of wholly
unobjectionable friendship, and whom he had often unhesitatingly made the
confidante of his love-affairs, suddenly to wish him to marry her.  To
return after the lapse of fifteen years to a dish which he had once
tasted with the eagerness of a greedy boy!  This was not to be expected.
Love permits no Rip van Winkle adventures.  It cannot be taken up where
it was interrupted a generation before.  Its drama, whether it is to
close as comedy or tragedy, must be played without long intermissions in
a continuous performance to the end, in order not to become intolerably
tiresome and foolish.

Robert did not conceal this from Else, though he endeavoured to find
softening expressions.  But oratorical caution does not deceive a woman
who is in love.  Else was very unhappy over the rebuff.  Her passion,
however, was stronger than her pride, and she humbled herself to
entreaties, persuasions, persistent pleading.  Robert, to whom the
situation was becoming extremely uncomfortable, ceased to call upon the
irritated and excited woman and, as Mahomet showed himself unhesitatingly
ready to come to the mountain when the mountain did not come to Mahomet,
Robert refused to see his persecutor.  For a time Frau von der Lehde was
filled with the most bitter resentment against the man who disdained her.
She had worked herself up into the idea that he owed her expiation, if
not before the world, surely before her own conscience, and it seemed to
her dishonourable that he should evade his duty.  But her indignation did
not last.  She could no longer live without Robert, and as he quietly
left her to sulk and did not make the slightest attempt to conciliate
her, after several sleepless nights she one day wrote a little note in
which she gently reproached him for so culpably neglecting her, and
expressed the hope that he would dine with her the next day, and by his
own observation, convince himself that her grief for his long absence was
really injuring her looks.  How wearily she had striven to prevent
letting a tear fall upon the tinted paper, what heroic courage she had
expended in finding sportive turns of speech, subdued, even mirthful
expressions, could not be perceived in the little missive.  Robert read
it with distrust, but, in spite of the most cautious scrutiny, he did not
find a single word whose vehemence could disquiet him, not a single
letter which was nervously emphasized or written, or betrayed a trembling
hand, so he accepted the invitation.

Frau von der Lehde made no mistake.  Her self-control did not desert her
a moment.  She received Robert calmly and affectionately, as though
nothing had occurred between them, the dinner passed delightfully in
easy, gay conversation about all sorts of indifferent matters, and when
he was leaving she held out both hands and said, looking directly into
his eyes:

"Tuesday, at least, shall again be mine in future, shall it not?"

He kissed her hand, touched by such unselfish, faithful devotion.

It was a strange relation which, from that time, existed unshadowed
between these two for more than a decade.  Else surrounded Robert with an
atmosphere of warm, unvarying tenderness which, though perhaps only from
habit, she understood how to render a necessity of his life.  She
insisted upon being the confidant of all his feelings; no outburst of
anger ever betrayed what she experienced during his confessions, not even
a sorrowful quiver of the features ever reminded him to be on his guard;
she possessed inexhaustible indulgence for his frivolities, earnest
sympathy for his fleeting love-sorrows, hateful or ridiculous as they
usually appeared to an uninterested witness, counsel and comfort when an
adventure took an unpleasant turn, and she was satisfied if, in an
ebullition of gratitude, he then pressed her to his heart, kissed her
hands and her cheeks, and assured her that she was the dearest, noblest,
and most lovable woman whom he had ever known.  But when she played this
rôle of a feminine providence, who was apparently free from the ordinary
weaknesses of her sex, when she carefully repressed every emotion of
jealousy at the sight of his inconstancy, she was not free from a selfish
motive.  She still hoped that some day he would grow weary of pursuing
the blue will-o'-the-wisps of fleeting sham loves; he would at last long
to escape from the marsh into which for decades these capricious,
alluring, fleeting flames had deluded him, and would then unresistingly
allow himself to be led by her hand to the firm ground of a tried
affection, in order, even though not until the evening twilight of his
days, to rest with her, at last her own Robert, whom she need share with
no one.

When Linden, on this Tuesday, appeared at Frau von der Lehde's, she of
course instantly noticed his depression, and with her usual sympathy and
gentle tenderness, asked:

"Why are you so melancholy, Robert?  What has happened?"

"Melancholy?" forcing himself to a wan smile.  "I feel nothing of the

"Yes, Robert; do you suppose that I do not know the meaning of these
lines on the forehead and between the eyes?"

Oh, those lines!  Surely he knew them, too, he had studied them this very
morning with painful attention, but why need she obtrude them upon him?
This was unkind, almost malicious.  He released her hand, which he had
held in his own since his entrance, and silently went to an arm-chair.
She followed, took a seat on a stool at his feet, and said caressingly:

"How long has Robert had secrets from Else?  May I not know everything?
Has one of my sex again proved faithless?  Ah, dearest Robert, so few of
us are worth having people trouble themselves about us."

"That isn't it at all," Robert answered curtly.

"What is it, then?"

Robert remained silent a short time, then, averting his eyes from her
questioning gaze, said:

"This is my birthday."

"You don't suppose that I could forget it?  But certainly you do not wish
to be congratulated upon it, to have it mentioned?"

Robert laid his hand upon her lips, murmuring:

"Yet I cannot forget your thinking of it, as I see."

A pause ensued, and he had the unpleasant feeling that his ostrich method
of shunning the sight of a disagreeable fact, must appear very ridiculous.

"Well, and why does your birthday make you melancholy?" asked Else,
kissing his hand as she removed it from her mouth.

"A woman ought to feel that, without any explanation from me."

"It isn't the same thing, dear Robert.  But I don't philosophize about
the distinction.  At any rate a woman dreads her birthday only because
she is afraid of growing old, and there can be no question of that with
you.  At your age a man is not old."

She smiled so strangely, as she said this.  Or did it merely seem so to

"Well, in any case Doctor Thiel is not of your opinion.  He was as
disagreeable as a scrubbing-brush to-day.  He gave me a serious moral
lecture with firstly, secondly, thirdly, and closed with an admonition
that I must play the dare-devil no longer, or to be more explicit, must
renounce love.  That seemed to me very much wanting in taste."

"Indeed, Thiel told you that?"  She had suddenly become extremely earnest
and attentive.

"Yes.  And I consider that he entirely mistakes his vocation.  When I
want preaching I'll apply to the theological faculty.  From the medical
profession I expect strengthening.  Thiel seems to confound salve with
sanctity.  That is not treatment."

The servant announced dinner, and both went to the table.  Else almost
always arranged to be alone with Robert on Tuesday.

"I think," she said, when they were seated opposite to each other, "that
you ought not to take Thiel's words lightly.  He is your friend.  And,"
she added hesitatingly, as Robert did not answer, "he is right."

"You say that, too?" he exclaimed, indignantly.

"Yes, dear, dear Robert, yes.  I should not have ventured to say it first
and alone.  You might have considered it rude and selfish.  You cannot
think so in Thiel.  When he says to you: Stop!--it is not obtrusive.
Since I am merely repeating his view, I have the courage to confess that
it has been for a long time my own opinion."

"A long time!  That is more and more pleasing."

Frau von der Lehde hesitated a moment.  The phrase was really not well
chosen.  But the words could not be recalled, so she bravely continued,
growing warmer, more urgent, the longer she spoke.

"Robert, I repeat, Thiel is right.  It is time for you to think of your
own happiness.  You have bestowed much joy in your life, and, it is true,
also caused much sorrow, probably far more sorrow than joy, but you have
not been happy yourself.  No, no, do not try to impose upon me.  You have
not been happy.  You might have been so, you have come near happiness
countless times, but you have always passed it by.  You have lived in a
constant state of intoxication, and intoxication is always followed by
illness, to escape which you have sought intoxication anew.  Robert, you
must feel a loathing of such a life.  Women admire or fear you, men envy
or abhor you, but how does it aid you?  It cannot make you happier.  You
possess great talents.  I, who know you as you perhaps do not know
yourself, am conscious of it, and can prove it.  You had the capacity for
everything.  You only needed to choose, and you might have been a great
poet, a great musician, a great artist, a great statesman.  And what have
you done with all your brilliant gifts?  Used them as men use mirrors to
catch larks, to dazzle silly women."

Robert had listened silently and looked out of the window.  Here he
interrupted her.  "To shape one's own life harmoniously is also an art,
perhaps the greatest.  Whoever makes his life a work of art needs to
create nothing else, and has rightly used his talents."

"But that is exactly what I do not see," cried Else, "the art-production
of your life.  Where is the climax, where the harmonious close?  Is it
aesthetic, is it dignified to pay court to frivolous actresses and
ballet-dancers, and treat the cheap triumph, before and after, as though
it were something important?  Does not this humiliate a man of intellect
in his own eyes?  And even if----"

She suppressed what she was going to say, and with a sudden digression,

"Robert, understand at last that happiness is repose.  You have had
passion and excitement enough.  It is time for you to know something
else; deep and equable as a clear summer evening, without storm and
tempest.  And you know where to find such love.  Ah, Robert, no one on
earth ever loved you as I have, not one of the women on whom you have
squandered your heart, your intellect, your health.  As a girl I
sacrificed for you my pride and my celebrated beauty.  You were my first
passion, and you have remained the sun of my existence.  As a young widow
I threw myself at your head.  You would not accept me.  Perhaps to your
detriment.  But that is no consolation.  I have forced myself to be your
sister, in order to possess you a little, ah so little.  Let me at last
be more to you, Robert.  Thiel tells you that you must love no longer.
But you may still allow yourself to be loved.  Robert, suffer yourself to
be loved.  That is all I ask.  Let me be your wife, let me prepare a home
for you.  I shall be envied, I shall be proud of you, and repay you with
a fidelity and tenderness which no woman can now give you.  Consider,
Robert, to me you are still the young Greek god of eighteen, whom I loved
a generation ago so that it nearly cost my life.  Is there any other
woman who sees you with such eyes?  Speak, Robert."

Robert did speak.  He spoke with quiet friendliness.  He was certainly
very grateful to her for her feelings.  He returned them with all his
heart, as she knew.  But why change a relation in which both had been so
comfortable for a generation.  It was a delightful emotion to know that,
while outwardly free, they were secretly united by warm friendship.  This
bond would not oppress.  The fetters of a regular Philistine marriage
would probably burden them, and, after all, it would not be morally so
beautiful and so strong as a daily desired and renewed companionship.
He, for his part, at any rate, would desire nothing better than the
endless continuance of their present relations.

Else was not satisfied.  She continued to try to persuade and convince
him.  She became excited, Robert remained calm.  She entreated, he grew
morose and taciturn.  Scarcely waiting for the coffee, which he swallowed
as swiftly as the warmth of the fragrant beverage permitted, he left Else
immediately on some slight pretext.

Far from softening him, Else's eager words had made him indignant, almost
incensed.  This was certainly an attempt to take him by surprise.  For a
moment the suspicion even awoke that Thiel was in league with Frau von
der Lehde, his warning, her demand were arranged, a preconcerted attack
had been executed on both sides.  True, he did not dwell long upon this
thought, whose improbability he himself soon perceived, but he mentally
repeated Frau von der Lehde's words again and again.  No other woman saw
him with eyes like hers!  How did she know that?  No woman on earth loved
him as she did?  What if he should show her the contrary?  He must no
longer love, only permit himself to be loved!  This advice did not
displease him.  In fact perhaps it was sensible to direct a wild life
full of adventures which, in reality, were meaningless, monotonous, and
profoundly unsatisfying, into the channels of a regulation domestic
existence.  But if he himself decided to bring it to a close, it should
not be the end which Else wished to force upon him.

The more deeply he entered into the idea of the late marriage with Else,
the more angry it made him.  What presumption in this woman, who was
years his senior!  Did she really believe that he, according to her own
estimation a man in the prime of life, had no other claims upon existence
than to possess a home, in other words to have a housekeeper, who would
make him soups, and a nurse who would wrap his rheumatic limbs in cotton
wool.  Deuce take it, he was by no means such an invalid.  He was still
sailing erect, before the wind, with swelling canvas and fluttering
streamers.  He was no hulk of which wreckers might take possession.  If
he no longer desired to remain on the high seas, at least he could freely
choose the harbour where he preferred to cast anchor.

He mentally reviewed the images of the women who had recently made an
impression upon him, or on whom he was sure that he had produced an
impression, and asked himself with which of them he could probably spend
a life of constant intercourse.  Always is a long time, and he knew that
a woman must possess remarkable qualities not to repel him in the long
run.  He had a peculiar method of testing whether a woman was suited to
be his companion for life, and whether he could endure to have her
continually with him.  He imagined that he was taking a wedding journey
with a wife through Italy, was alone with her six weeks, without any
other society, with no stimulus except her presence, and he pictured
these days in every detail.  Several apparently thoroughly charming women
were in this way instantly rejected.  One was beautiful and desirable,
but stupid as a pike, and he could not help laughing when, in fancy, he
saw himself standing with her before the works of art in Florence and
heard her remarks about paintings and statues.  Another was clever, but
she talked too much.  One could spend an hour with her pleasantly, but a
whole day, a whole week--brrr!

This one, after a few days, would long to return to her circle of
admirers and rivals, and under the dome of St. Peter's dream of the court
entertainments, adorers, and society gossip; that one, with her prosaic
nature, would transform the blue grotto of Capri into the office of a
chief auditor.  Others stood the test better, but even with them doubts
arose, which grew stronger the more he thought of them.  Perhaps he could
endure a week, a fortnight, with them.  But six weeks, two months?  No.
By that time they would surely have become indifferent, perhaps
intolerable.  They would certainly have nothing more to offer him, he
nothing more to say to them.

In the proportion in which other women's images faded and vanished, one
stood forth more and more clearly, and finally filled his whole mental
field of vision.  Fräulein von Markwald--yes, with her the adventure
might be risked.  She was as beautiful as any fair one whose likeness he
had kept in his love archives; a tall, proud figure, large dark-blue eyes
which evidently dreamed of love behind their long, shading lashes, and
often seemed to wake from this ardent trance of bliss with a sudden
upward glance, blooming lips for which many a godly man would have
relinquished his soul's salvation without hesitation, an unusually fair
complexion with satiny reflections, and a really regal coronal of rich
golden hair--all in all a magnificent creature, such as Nature does not
often create.  This was a prize for which the best man might strive.
That he would ever weary of her, Linden could not now imagine.  When he
fancied that she was leaning on his arm, walking with the light, floating
step peculiar to her along the Chiaja, or the Lung Arno, or that he was
sitting with her on the shore of Viarreggio and she leaned her head upon
his breast, it seemed as if palaces, sky, and sea would shine brighter
than of yore as it were in vivified colours.  True, Fräulein von Markwald
was not yet twenty, and he might be her father.  But need he hesitate on
that score?  At the utmost the difference in age could only disturb her,
and it did not.  To him her nineteen years were but one charm; the more
perhaps the most powerful of her attractions.  In her radiant, vigorous
youth, he might hope to rejuvenate himself.  How had he been so blind as
not to perceive it weeks ago!  How could he have waited until Thiel's
harsh warning and Else's importunity thrust him into the right path?

Of course it had not escaped the notice of an old practitioner like him
that he had made an impression upon Fräulein von Markwald.  The blood
which mounted into her cheeks when he approached and spoke to her, the
unconsciously seeking glance with which she followed him when he went
away, the tone of assumed jest, but genuine reproach, with which she
asked if he had selected another poor victim, when he had talked with
another lady somewhat longer or somewhat more earnestly than usual, were
traitors which but too officiously revealed the secret of her heart.  She
did not even defend herself.  She had been too short a time at court and
in society to be versed in the strategic arts of love or coquetry.
Almost in their first conversation she had confessed, with charming
frankness, that everybody was warning her against him, she had been told
that he was an extremely dangerous man, she was really a little afraid of
him; but a certain slight shiver in the presence of a handsome monster
was a new and strangely delightful feeling.  There was no doubt that his
legendary adventures had exerted the customary bewitching influence upon
her imagination.  The daughter of Eve felt the irresistible hereditary
attraction toward the serpent which had already talked so many feebly
resisting hands into plucking the fatal apple.  Hitherto, Robert had not
wished to avail himself of his advantage.  He had been content with the
pleasantly piquant consciousness that his presence made her heart throb
faster, and did not pursue the dawning romance farther, for Fräulein von
Markwald belonged to one of the best families in the country, and he now
thought of the respect due to the unsullied reputation of a young
girl--he was somewhat less reckless than ten years ago.  But now there
should be a change.  Since he had serious intentions he need not shrink
from using all means to complete the conquest of this fortress, which,
moreover, was already on the point of raising the white flag.

He did not lose a moment.  All the evening he was seen in the little
court box, devoting himself most assiduously to Fräulein von Markwald,
and this was afterward repeated at every performance.  Whenever the
princess gave an evening reception, he seemed to care only for the
beautiful girl, and was always behind or beside her, serving her, talking
with her, offering her his arm, tenderly solicitous about her on her
arrival and departure.  The whole court began to watch and to whisper,
and Linden's love-making became so apparent, that the princess thought it
necessary to warn Käthe against the tempter and his wiles.  Fräulein
Markwald answered blushing, but in a steady voice:

"I thank you, Your Highness, I know that your advice is kindly meant, but
I also know that Baron von Linden is a man of honour, and that I have
given him no reason, to think meanly of me."

This answer seemed to the princess wholly unsatisfactory, and as she
believed it her duty to take special care of Käthe, an orphan, she did
not delay in cautiously calling Robert himself to account.  What he said
to her the princess kept to herself for a time, but two days later people
learned that Käthe's brother, an energetic cavalry officer, attached to a
regiment of Hussars in the Rhine country, had suddenly arrived in the
capital from his garrison, and on the following day, which was
Whitsuntide, the "Morning Journal" announced the betrothal of Herr
Robert, Baron von Linden, to Fräulein Käthe von Markwald.

The effect of the news on society was like the bursting of a dynamite
cartridge before every individual.  Linden capitulated!  Linden married!
It was incredible.  And to whom had he struck the bold corsair flag which
had so long been the terror of husbands?  To Käthe von Markwald, in whom
nothing piquant could be discovered which would be likely specially to
attract a blasé man of the world!  She was beautiful, certainly, but he
had passed by many handsomer women.  She was not stupid, but how many
cleverer fair ones, with all their craft, had been unable to hold him in
their nets!  The event was and remained incomprehensible, it might be--

Frau von der Lehde had sent for Dr. Thiel on Whitsuntide morning, and
when he entered, silently held out the newspaper.

"I know it already," he answered smiling.

"Do you believe that it is true?"

"Of course it is true.  The announcement is signed by the betrothed pair.
Besides, Linden told me the news himself."

"Did he ask your advice?"

"No; he merely told me the accomplished fact."

Frau von der Lehde crushed the paper and flung it into the corner.

"But what can have so suddenly led him to this step?"

Thiel shrugged his shoulders.  "The resolutions of men are sometimes as
incalculable as those of women."

"He cannot possibly have to atone for a sin."

"Fräulein von Markwald is above suspicion," said Thiel sternly,
interrupting her.

"Linden may be still more so, but the world, which does not know him so
well as I and--you, will probably think something of the sort."

"Certainly.  Evil tongues have already begun their work.  The newspaper
containing the announcement is still damp, and I have even now heard the
conjecture expressed that the baron was marrying Fräulein von Markwald
because he had been forced to do so by her brother, who thought that
Linden had compromised her by his attentions."

"Forced Linden!  He who has killed two opponents in a duel!  A Hussar
officer will not frighten him.  That's nonsense."

"Of course it is nonsense.  Only I don't see why people need go so far to
seek an explanation.  Linden marries because he thinks he has found a
suitable life-companion.  He really isn't too young for it."

"No," remarked Frau von der Lehde, "but I fear: too old."

"I don't know that," observed Thiel.

"Doctor, you are not in earnest.  Linden might still marry a quiet,
sensible woman of mature years, but a young girl who might be his
daughter--he must have lost his senses."

"Madame, that is still far from being manifest to me, marriage often has
a rejuvenating influence."

"Marriage with a girl like Käthe Markwald?  If I were Linden, I should
fear eyes like hers.  She belongs to the species of sleeping monsters.
Woe betide the man who wakes and is not strong enough to conquer them."

Thiel could not help smiling.  "I repeat, marriage often works marvels of
resurrection.  And in the worst case--the matter need not yet be taken

Frau von der Lehde could not console herself for the final loss of
Linden, but she understood that she could do nothing more to hold him or
to win him back.  In the first place because he could not be reached.
Contrary to universal expectation, he soon tore himself away from his
charming fiancée and set off on his summer travels much earlier than in
former years.  He extended them full three months, which he spent at
various sea-shore watering-places.  He was sometimes seen here, sometimes
there, first at Rägen, then at Sylt, lastly at Heligoland, where the surf
is most powerful.  The marriage took place early in September.  Every one
admired the bridal pair.  Käthe was fresh and blooming as a newly opened
Marshal Niel rose, Robert as handsome and elegant as in his best days.
The difference in age was scarcely apparent.  Only a close observer could
have noticed a certain nervous anxiety in Robert's face which, though
bronzed by the sun and the salt air of the sea-shore, was visibly pale.
He did not look as happy by the side of his radiant bride as might have
been expected.  Stings of conscience, said many women who had once been
on familiar terms with him and had now had the self-control to come to
the church, which was crowded to suffocation.  Frau von der Lehde was not
among them.

Robert von Linden now realized the dream of the last few months; he took
his bewitching young wife, his proudest and, as he faithfully resolved,
his last conquest, to Italy.  But, according to all that was learned
afterward, it was a strange wedding journey.  The couple appeared in all
the larger cities of Upper, Middle and Lower Italy, but the newly-wedded
pair seemed unable to remain anywhere more than two or three days.  The
bride looked depressed and dissatisfied, the bridegroom haggard and
unhappy.  About three weeks after the marriage, Lieutenant von Markwald
received a letter from his sister which induced him to write at once to
Doctor Thiel and ask him confidentially what he thought of Baron von
Linden's health, his brother-in-law evidently considered himself very
ill; for since his departure he had consulted several physicians at every
place where they stopped, even for a day, he appeared to be in very low
spirits, and utterly neglected his sister, who was so anxious about him
that she entreated her brother to come to her assistance.  Dr. Thiel
hastened to answer the lieutenant that he need not be uneasy, it was
probably only an attack of hypochondria.  At the same time he asked for
his brother-in-law's address, as he intended to write to him at once.

About a week after news reached the capital which spread with the
rapidity of a conflagration.  Baron Robert von Linden had died suddenly
at Ischia.  This was the version which reached the newspapers and the
public.  But, in the court circle, it was known that the unfortunate man
had committed suicide.  Frau von der Lehde had instantly suspected it,
she obtained certainty from the lips of the princess, to whom Käthe had
telegraphed the terrible tidings at the same time she sent the message to
her brother.  She hastened to Thiel, who was crushed by the event, for he
was not merely an affectionate physician to Linden, but also a loyal

"It is horrible," cried the agitated woman, as she let herself fall into
an arm-chair.

He answered only by a sorrowful gesture of the hand.

"Do you know the particulars?"

"A bullet through the head.  The night of day before yesterday.  In the
dressing-room beside the chamber where his wife was lying."

A pause ensued.  Then Else, raising her tearful eyes to the doctor, said:

"You see, you see, this marriage was his destruction.  He would be alive
and happy to-day, if he had had me at his side."

"Or me," said Thiel.

Else shook her head.  "No, no.  He wanted this last romance too late."

"Or despaired too soon," replied Thiel, gazing thoughtfully at the bronze
statuette of Asclepius, which stood on the writing-desk before him.




It was the first of November, 1878.  The Paris Exposition was over, and
Herr Rudolph Weltli was preparing to return to his home, Switzerland,
after spending a beautiful sunny fortnight on the Seine.  He had made
the great bazaar on the Champ de Mars the pretext for his journey; but
in reality the study of the exhibition, many as were the interesting
objects it could offer to him, the engineer, was a somewhat minor
matter, and he devoted his stay in Paris principally to walks through
the streets, excursions to the environs, wanderings through the
museums, in short, endless pilgrimages to all the scenes where, more
than a quarter of a century before, the drama of his student's life in
Paris had been enacted for three years, and whose image was interwoven
with the most beloved memories of his youth.

A quarter of a century!  Almost a human life-time.  And, during this
long period, he had not seen Paris again.  When he left it he intended
to return very soon and very often.  But, as usually happens, life
morosely opposed this pleasant plan.  He was bound by the fetters of
duty, and only imagination could allow itself to wander into the
alluring blue distance.

Whoever makes his first visit to Rome throws a piece of money into the
Fontana Trevi to be sure that he will see the eternal city again.  We
need not bind ourselves to Paris by such little superstitious
practices.  Its mysterious spell obtains the pledge without any
intervention, and lures and draws the absent one so that he cannot rest
until he returns.  But why attribute this spell to Paris alone?  Every
place where we have been young, dreamed, loved, and suffered, possesses
it.  We feel the affection for it which the ploughman has for the field
to which he entrusted his seed.  We have the desire to see whether we
shall still find traces of our wanderings, and are joyously surprised
when we discover that wherever we sowed our youth, the best part of
ourselves, invisible to others, but tangible to us, a rich harvest of
memories has sprung up.

Every year Rudolf planned the journey to Paris, every year he was
compelled to defer it to the next, and he was already beginning to
accustom himself to a sorrowful resignation, when the World's Fair of
1878 gave the external impulse for the realization of his
long-cherished dream.

The holiday weeks on which his mind had been fixed so many years had
passed as swiftly as a dream, and the daily yoke of professional work
must again be put on.  The last day of his stay in Paris fell on the
anniversary of All Souls.  Rudolf, with the great majority of
Parisians, used it to visit the cemeteries.  He spent the first hours
of the afternoon in Père la Chaise, where, beside the old, well-known
graves, he inspected with great interest the monuments erected since
his residence in Paris--of Musset, Rossini, Michelet, Regnault,
Countess d'Agoult and other celebrities.  From Père la Chaise he drove
to the cemetery of Montmartre, where he merely wished to place a wreath
of immortelles on Heine's grave.  But once there, he could not go away
without looking about the place a little.

He strolled slowly along the streets of graves, in which, amid
commonplace stone slabs and insignificant iron crosses, stately
monuments rose at brief intervals, though they rarely bore inscribed on
their fronts a name of sufficient distinction to afford a justification
for attracting the attention of the wanderer; while as a rule they were
only memorials of the vanity extending beyond the grave of the poor
obscure mortal whose ashes they sheltered.

The graves were adorned in various ways for the great festival of the
dead.  The narrow walks around them were strewn with fresh yellow
gravel and river sand; pots of blossoming plants stood on the slabs and
at the foot of the crosses; on the arms of the latter hung garlands of
evergreen and yellow or red immortelles, but also the ugly wreaths of
painted plaster and glass beads with affected inscriptions, which
dishonour Parisian industry.  Beside these mounds, where the work of a
loving hand was apparent, and whose dead were evidently united by
filaments of love to a tender human being still breathing in the
sunshine, forsaken and neglected ones often appeared, on which only a
few rain-soaked, decaying leaves of paper wreaths were mouldering,
where moss and weeds grew rankly, and in which lay dead for whom no one
grieved, and who were now remembered by none in the world of the
living.  But how speedily one is forgotten in Paris.  How soon the
ocean of the world's capital swallows up, not only a human being, but
his family, all his friends and acquaintances, and even his memory!  A
chill ran down Rudolf's spine as he pondered over the melancholy
thought of living and dying in Paris as a stranger.

As he drifted aimlessly on with the flowing human stream, he suddenly
found himself in a narrow side-path before a monument surrounded by a
specially dense throng.  Several rows of people, principally workmen
and their wives, were standing around it, those behind thrusting their
heads over the shoulders of the front ranks, the new arrivals pressing
impatiently upon those who had taken the place before them and now, as
though spell-bound by an absorbing spectacle, stood motionless, making
no sign of moving on.  Yet the whole crowded group was pervaded by a
calmness, a solemn earnestness, not often found among the worshippers
in church.  Rudolf, whose curiosity was awakened, forced his way
through the living wall to the front rank, and suddenly stood--before
the monument of Baudin, the republican representative of the people
who, on the 3d of December, 1851, was shot down in the streets of Paris
by drunken soldiers, as, girdled with the tri-coloured sash, which made
him recognizable as a member of the legislature, he protested from the
top of a barricade against Bonaparte's _coup d'etat_.  A familiar
anecdote is associated with the death of this hero.  As, surrounded by
a few persons of similar views, he was preparing to ascend the
barricade, some workmen passing by shouted derisively: "There goes a
twenty-five franc man!"  This was the insult with which the
proletarians, who were systematically incited against the National
Assembly, designated the representatives of the people, alluding to
their daily pay.  Baudin calmly answered: "You will see presently how
one can die for twenty-five francs!" and a moment after, fell under the
bullets of the soldiery.

At the sight of the monument Rudolf felt the emotion which it awakens
in every spectator.  On a rectangular stone pedestal lies the life-size
bronze figure of Baudin, draped to the breast in a cloak, the left hand
hanging in the relaxation of death, while the right convulsively
clutches a symbolical table of laws, with the inscription "La Loi,"
through which passes a treacherous rent.  Baudin's face is that of a
middle-aged man, with commonplace features, smooth-shaven lips and
chin, and the regulation whiskers.  But this ordinary countenance
becomes grand and heroic by a horrible hole in the forehead, from which
blood and brains have gushed.  Oh, how such a hole in the brow, pierced
by a bullet sent to murder liberty, transfigures a man's visage!  A
supernatural radiance appears to stream from this tragical opening,
into which we cannot gaze without having our eyes overflow with tears.

Rudolf was more touched by the unspeakably pathetic monument than any
of the others who reverently surrounded it; for he remembered how
narrowly he, too, had escaped a fate akin to that of the martyr before
whose statue he had unexpectedly wandered.  As he followed the path
toward the exit from the cemetery, he again saw himself on the terrible
night of December 3d and 4th, 1851, lying weltering in his blood, with
failing consciousness, upon the wet pavement of the Rue Montmartre, a
bullet in his right hip.  The memory of that moment was so vivid, that
he fancied he again felt the pain in his hip and began to limp, as he
had done for months after the wound.  In the broad avenue leading to
the main entrance new visions rose before him, made still more intense
by the recollections of the coup d'etat evoked by the sight of Baudin's
grave.  At the right he saw the monument of Gottfried Cavaignac in the
midst of the great common grave, into which all the nameless victims of
the street fights were thrown in a horrible medley.  This blood-stained
bit of earth surrounds a circular border of flowers, in whose centre,
above a low mound covered with stone slabs, rises a plain iron cross.
Rudolf entered the sinister circle and paused beside it.  Very peculiar
emotions stole over him.  It seemed as though he were standing within a
cabalistic line which divided him from the world and life.  The air
within the magic circle appeared more chill than without.   He imagined
he felt a stir and tremor in the ground beneath his feet as if the dead
below were moving, and scraping with their bony fingers on the cover of
their narrow abode.

"I should now be lying there with the rest, if the bullet had taken a
little different course!" he thought, drawing a long breath of relief.
He glanced around him.  At the foot of the cross was a heap of wreaths
and bouquets, and several women were kneeling on the stone slabs,
murmuring silent prayers.  "Are there still, after the lapse of
twenty-seven years, mourners who remember the dead?  No one would have
come for my sake, if they had thrown me there too."

He was standing beside one of the kneeling women, at whom he gazed with
deep sympathy.  She was dressed in black, a long black veil hung from
her head, and she seemed wholly absorbed in her fervour.  Feeling a
steady gaze fixed upon her, she involuntarily looked up.  Their eyes
met.  She sank back with a stifled cry which seemed to issue from a
throat suddenly compressed.  Involuntarily stretching her arms toward
him, while her eyes half closed and consciousness seemed failing, her
blanching lips whispered:

"Rudolf!  Rudolf!"

He had retreated a step, astonished and bewildered, at the first cry,
now he caught the fainting woman in his arms, drew her to his breast,
and murmured in a hollow tone:

"Pauline!  Is it possible!  Pauline!"

She tottered to her feet, her knees trembled, she laid both hands on
his shoulders and gazing steadily at him with head thrown back and
dilated eyes, said:

"Is it really you!  Is it you, Rudolf.  You are alive!"

"So you believed me dead?" he asked in a trembling voice, bowing his

"I believed that you were down there," she answered, pointing to the
stone slabs at their feet.

"And you came to-day----"

"To you, Rudolf; to-day as I have come every year for twenty-seven
years.  See, Rudolf, that is the wreath I laid there for you.  And,"
she added in a very low tone, after a brief pause, "when I suddenly saw
you before me, I thought you had risen from this grave to see me once

She again remained silent a short time, during which her glances
timorously caressed him.  "And do you know what instantly convinced me
that I beheld no ghost?  Because you no longer look as you did at the
time when you would have been laid here, if you had really died.  The
dead do not change.  But you, my poor Rudolf, have certainly altered."

"Do you find me very much changed?"

Pauline gazed at him a long time.  Her eyes wandered slowly over his
figure, his features, his whole appearance, then, as if speaking to
herself, she said:

"Not really, Rudolf, not much, after all."

She was probably the only person in the world who could say it; the
only one who could see in his countenance the face of the youth of
twenty-three, as a practised eye detects, under a palimpsest, the
effaced, almost invisible characters of the original writing.  For her,
his former wealth of brown locks still waved in the place of the
closely cut, thin grey hair; she saw the bushy moustache fine and
curled, the wrinkled skin ruddy and smooth, the somewhat corpulent
figure slender and pliant; she transferred to the man of fifty before
her, feature by feature, the image which lived in her faithful memory,
transfigured and handsomer than the reality had ever been.  And Rudolf
did the same.  His imagination effaced the little wrinkles around her
eyes and mouth, restored to those dim black eyes the sparkle and
mirthfulness of youth, developed, from the somewhat fleshy outlines,
the graceful forms of the cheeks, chin, neck, bust, which he had once
beheld and loved, recognized the raven braids which alone had lost none
of their beauty, and saw in the faded woman the blooming girl,
surrounded by all the magic of her nineteen years, whom he had left
twenty-seven years ago.

Her first excitement had calmed a little during the silent observation
which had occupied several minutes; her voice had regained its natural
tone, and only trembled a little as she asked:

"But now, for Heaven's sake, tell me how all this has happened?  Our
concierge saw you when you fell in the street and were carried away."

"He saw correctly."

"Then you were not killed?"

"Merely wounded."

"Well, and----?"

"You know how I left you.  I was excited, bareheaded, mad.  When I came
out of the Passage Saumon into the Rue Montmartre, I found the street
deserted, but I heard the roll of drums in the distance, soldiers
seemed to be pressing forward from the boulevard.  Several persons ran
past, trying to escape into the side streets.  Before I could clearly
understand what was going on around me, a volley of musketry was fired,
I felt a violent blow and fell.  A few paces from me another man fell,
who did not move again.  A window in the Passage Saumon opened and
instantly closed.

"The soldiers came up, carrying lanterns and torches.  They found the
other man first, and threw the light into his face.  Several voices
rose and I saw bayonets thrust into his body.  Then they came to me.
Bayonets were already flashing above me, I instinctively thrust out my
hands in defense, an officer cried: 'Halt!' approached me, and asked
who I was.  I said as quickly as my mortal fright would permit, that I
was a Swiss, a pupil of the _École Centrale_, lived in the Passage
Saumon, had accidentally entered the street and been wounded by a shot.
The officer looked at my hands, they were not blackened by powder.  The
light of the lanterns was cast around--I lay in my own blood, but no
weapon was near.  'Where is your hat?' asked the officer.  'I wore none
when I left home.'  'That is suspicious,' he said, to my terror, but
after a moment's reflection, which to me seemed an eternity, gave
orders that I should be placed in a vegetable dealer's cart, which had
been abandoned by the owner, and taken to a hospital.  Four soldiers
flung me roughly into the vehicle and dragged me to the Hôtel Dieu."

He paused in his narrative.

Pauline looked at him and her eyes filled with tears.

"If I could tell you how I passed that night!  You had scarcely gone
out, when the concierge rushed into the room, panting: 'Mademoiselle
Pauline!  Mademoiselle Pauline!  They have just shot our Monsieur
Rudolf and carried him off.'  I wanted to fly down, he forcibly
prevented me.  I tried to throw myself out of the window, he would not
permit it.  I was obliged to wait until morning.  Then I ran to the
morgue, to the cemeteries, wherever corpses were exposed; I saw many,
oh, a horrible number of them, but I did not find you."

She had blanched to the lips as she spoke, and her eyes looked vacant.
Rudolf drew her toward him and she unconsciously let her head sink upon
his shoulder.

"I was sure that you were dead," she went on, "and that you had been
flung into this common grave.  Everybody whom I asked told me so.  And
you sent no message?  Why not, if you were still in the Hotel Dieu?
Were you not allowed to do so?  Were you unconscious?"

"Both, my poor child.  For several days I was so ill that I could form
no distinct thoughts.  When I grew better, I was placed under rigid
surveillance, for they suspected me of having fought on the barricades.
I was compelled to communicate with my ambassador that he might give
information about me, and answer----"

"But if you could communicate with your ambassador, you could also have
sent me----"

He made no answer.

"And then you were cured," she went on more urgently, "and during these
long, long years, did it never enter your mind to care for me?"

He hung his head in embarrassment, and with deep pain avoided the
glance she fixed upon him.  Why had he not written to her, why had he
not returned to his lodgings when he left the hospital?  He could not
yet tell her the truth, not now, not here.  Shame and repentance seized
him when he thought of it now; simply because he was glad to be able to
leave Paris without seeing Pauline again.

It was the old story, which ever remains new.  A young student in Paris
meets a pretty young working-girl, who is alone in the world; they are
pleased with each other, the girl willingly throws herself into the
young man's arms, and these arms gladly clasp the affectionate young
creature who nestles in them.  Under favourable circumstances, this
careless, happy relation lasts a year or two, then comes the time when
the student has completed his studies and practical life claims him.
Farewell to the delightful love-life, with no care for the future, no
responsibility!  Farewell to the dove-like nest for two in an attic
chamber filled with the roseate morning light of youth and hope!  As a
rule the parting takes place without trouble.  He is calm, and she is
sensible.  Then they dine together in the country, for the last time,
drink champagne, and separate with blithesome wishes for future
prosperity.  Or they are both sentimental.  Then there is a little
weeping and sighing, they promise to write to each other and probably
do so for a time, and it is days, perhaps even weeks before the wound
in the heart which, happily, is not very deep, heals.

But often, oh, often----

Well, Rudolf's case was precisely one of these.  When it was time to
leave Paris to begin his professional life, he perceived with terror
that the bonds which united him to Pauline were much firmer than he had
ever supposed.  For two years she had shared his room in the Passage
Saumon and, during this whole period, she had not caused him a moment's
sorrow, had always thought only of him, to see him content and happy.
She went to her work-room in the morning with a kiss and a smile, and
returned in the evening with a smile and an embrace.  If he was at work
she sat quietly in her corner, looking over at him; if he wanted to be
gay, she was as frolicsome as a poodle.  If he took her to the theatre,
she kissed his hand in gratitude.  If he went out alone, she was sad,
but she said nothing and asked no questions, which touched him so much
that he gradually relinquished the habit of going out alone.  If he
gave her anything, she was reluctant to accept it; she would scarcely
allow him even to bestow any articles of dress.  In the whole two years
he had never seen her nervous or out of temper.  Yet he ought, he must
repulse this loyal devotion.  Yes, he must.  For he could not be so
crazy as to marry her!  At twenty-three!  A girl who had been picked up
on the sidewalk of the Rue Montmartre.  The thought was so absurd that
it was not worth while to dwell upon it a moment.  Then, when he told
her that the happiness must now end, he saw her, to his surprise and
terror, turn deadly pale and sink back fainting.

On recovering her consciousness, she burst into endless sobs, clung to
his neck, covered him with burning kisses and tears, and exclaimed:

"No, no, you won't leave me; I cannot, I cannot, I would rather die."

He vainly endeavored to bring her to reason.  She would listen to
nothing.  "For what do you reproach me?"  The question could not help
embarrassing him; for he had nothing with which to reproach her, except
that she had been the object of his love, a reproach which of all men
on earth he should be the last to make; and that she was poor, which he
was ashamed to utter; and that she was uneducated, which could be no
serious obstacle, for she made up for ignorance by natural wit and
intelligence, and innate refinement.  She wanted reasons, he could
offer none except: "Why, dear child, surely you will see that we must
part now."  That, however, was precisely what she could not perceive,
and she continued to weep, saying mournfully: "Rudolf, Rudolf, do not
leave me.  I love you, and that is always something.  I want nothing
except to have you keep me with you.  No one will ever love you as I

These unspeakably painful scenes, to which Rudolf had not the courage
to put a heroic end, were repeated many days.  When Pauline's tears
became unendurable, he went out and wandered for hours through the
streets, restless, out of humour, tortured.  It had happened so on that
third of December, and--

This was the reason that he had not written to her or returned to his
lodgings.  The soldier's bullet seemed to him a merciful interposition
of Fate, which released him from his difficulties.  When health was
restored, he fairly fled from Paris, leaving behind him the few effects
of a jolly student.  This soothed his conscience a little, and moreover
he told himself that he owed Pauline nothing, that she did not need
him, that she, who possessed a thoroughly reasonable, nay, superior
nature, would henceforward pursue the path of honour.  True, a secret
voice often cried out to him: "Coward!  Coward!"  But then he solaced
himself by shrugging his shoulders and thinking that everybody else
would have done the same, and she would console herself quickly enough.

Of course he could not confess this to her, but it was not necessary.
She had divined it all.

With a melancholy smile, she said:

"I understand, my poor Rudolf, I understand you were glad to get rid of
troublesome Pauline.  The bullet spared you the pain of bidding me
farewell."  She was about to say more, but she forced it all back into
her heart.  She had never reproached him, should she do so now, in the
spot which, for so many years, she had believed his grave?

Clasping her hand, Rudolf pressed it tenderly, and to give the painful
conversation a pleasanter turn, asked:

"What are you doing now, how do you fare, Pauline?"

"I thank you for asking me."  There was not a tinge of sarcasm or
bitterness in these words, nothing but gratitude.  "I am getting on
perfectly well.  I have worked, have made myself independent, and am
now employing eight or ten workwomen, I am well-off, almost rich."

She divined a question in the expression of his eyes, and said quickly:

"Always, Rudolf, I have always remained faithful to you.  I did not
lack offers, you can understand that--but I would not accept.  I was
ashamed.  And I wanted to have only your memory in my heart.  Does that
surprise you?  I suppose you don't believe it?  Of course.  It isn't to
be believed.  A girl is courted.  What else is there.  When one has
wearied of her, she is abandoned.  But she was so foolish as to love
sincerely and can never, never console herself."  This time she was
growing bitter.  Her lips quivered, and she passed her hand across her
eyes, once she sobbed softly.  Suddenly she drew from her pocket an old
leather book, which she gave him.  While, with emotion, he recognized
it as his own note-book, and found on the first page his half effaced
caricature which a comrade in the _Ecole Centrale_ had once sketched,
she took from her bosom an enamelled locket, opened it, and held it
before his eyes.  It was a gift from him, and contained a lock of brown
hair--his hair!  He could not resist the impulse and clasped her
passionately to his breast, in spite of the people who were passing to
and fro outside of the circle of flowers.

"Do you believe me now?" she asked releasing herself.

His sole answer was to raise her hand to his lips.

She held his right hand firmly.  "And you, Rudolf?"

With an involuntary movement, he tried to draw it from her grasp.  This
led her to glance quickly at it.  The third finger bore a wedding ring.

Pauline uttered a deep sigh, let his hand fall, closed her eyes, and
tottered a moment.  Then she suddenly sank upon her knees in the same
spot where she had knelt before, and her lips began to murmur a prayer.

"Pauline!" he cried imploringly.

She shook her head gently, as though to drive away an inner vision, and
turned entirely away from him.

"Pauline!  Let me at least have your address!  I will not leave you so

She bowed her head upon her clasped hands, and neither moved nor

Rudolf went close to her and laid his hand on her shoulder.  A long
shudder passed visibly and perceptibly through her whole frame, and she
buried her face still more closely in her hands.

He understood her--

The first signal of bell ringing sounded, which announced the closing
of the cemetery.  Rudolf cast a hasty glance towards the entrance.  His
wife and his brother-in-law, with whom he had appointed this place of
meeting, had just appeared there and were looking in every direction.
Rudolf glanced once more at the kneeling supplicant, then with a slow,
noiseless, faltering step he left the circle of flowers.  He passed
down the wide avenue as though walking in a dream.  When he had nearly
reached the gate he stopped and turned for the last time.  The western
sky was steeped in the glow of sunset.  A light mist was rising from
the damp ground, filling the paths of the cemetery and effacing the
outlines of the human beings and the monuments.  Shrouded by these
floating vapours, Pauline's motionless dark figure stood forth in
strong relief against the bright sky, and seemed to be gradually
merging into a background of flaming crimson sunset.

Rudolf felt as if he were beholding his own youth fade and melt into
white cloudlets of mist.



"So we have met again, old fellow?" said Wolf Breuning, with heartfelt
pleasure, filling his friend Sigmund Friese's glass with wine.

"May it not be so long before the next meeting," cried Sigmund, as he
touched glasses and drank.

Wolf Breuning, a tall, handsome man, with bold blue eyes and a long,
parted beard, which seemed as though it was woven of threads of red
gold, was the manager of a chemical factory in Paris.  Sigmund Friese,
shorter in stature, with a gentle, somewhat sensitive face, a short,
fair, curly beard, and hair aristocratically thin, which already
suggested a diplomatic bald head, was teaching mathematics in an
American university.  Both were natives of South Germany, friends from
childhood, and had once plunged into the flood of life from the same
spot on the shore, but were afterward washed far apart.

After a long absence, Sigmund had come from Washington to Europe to
attend his sister's wedding, and availed himself of the opportunity, on
the way from Havre to Mannheim, to visit his friend Wolf in Paris.  The
latter met him at the station and took him to his pleasant bachelor
lodgings in the Rue Notre Dame de Lorette.  Now, scarcely an hour
later, the first overflow of mutual confidences had been exchanged, and
the friends were seated comfortably at dinner.

"Do you know that it is thirteen years since our last meeting?" asked

"Thirteen years!" sighed Sigmund.  "How many more times shall we
experience such a period?"

"Never again," replied Wolf, "the period from the twenty-fourth to the
thirty-seventh year."

"The festal time of life!" said Sigmund; and after a pause, raising the
glass to his lips, he added:

"Gone, gone!"

"You have no cause to complain," said Wolf consolingly; "youth is past,
but you have used it well.  A great name in science, an honourable
position, comfortable circumstances----"

Sigmund smiled sorrowfully and pointed to his bald head.

"Yes, my friend," cried Wolf, "we must make no unreasonable demands on
life.  Luxuriant locks, and a well-paid professorship, teeth and
celebrity, youth and orders, prosperity, successes of all kinds, these
we cannot have unless we are born to royal rank."

"When we consider how much we strive and how little we attain!  What we
dream, and to what realities we waken."

"Sigmund, you are unjust.  Thirteen years ago did you imagine, in your
boldest expectations, more than you have now attained?"

"Perhaps not.  But, to have it afford me pleasure, I ought to have
attained it immediately after that time."

"Of course we are more weary when we reach the goal than at the start."

"But this weariness very materially diminishes our pleasure in having
reached it."

"Ah, I know the one thing wanting for your happiness," cried Wolf.


"A wife."

"Oh! you have no right to preach marriage, since you have remained a
bachelor yourself."

"I am three years younger than you."

"But you are thirty-seven."

"True," replied Wolf, and for a time remained silent and thoughtful.
Then he continued:

"What would you have?  Fate destines us to live in a foreign country,
without family intercourse, far from the circle with which one is
united by early memories and the first affections of the heart; we do
not definitely seek, Fate does not help us find.  We adjust our lives
to habits which really leave no room for a wife, and so the years flit
by till some day we discover that we are bachelors and that it is too
late to change."

"That is exactly my case; I did not suppose it was yours also."

"With me," replied Wolf, "something else is added.  Recollections which
make marriage rather dreaded than desired.  We know how we have been
loved, and fear that we shall not find such love again.  We compare in
advance a virtuous wife with the woman whose distant image is somewhat
transfigured by the past, and confess that we have been completely
spoiled for the part of a husband content to sit phlegmatically in the
chimney corner."

"You still think of Helene?" cried Sigmund in surprise.

"Why shouldn't I?" replied Wolf, "you also remember her, as I see."

"True," Sigmund assented.  "I have not forgotten her.  She was a
bewitchingly beautiful and charming woman.  What a tempting mouth!
What wicked eyes!  And her clever talk!  Her merry disposition!
Wherever she was, she filled everything with life and animation."

Wolf gazed thoughtfully into vacancy, and made no reply.

"She loved you very dearly," Sigmund added.

Still Wolf remained silent.

"And you loved her."

"Yes," Wolf answered at last, drawing his fingers slowly through his
red beard.  "I loved Helene very dearly.  So long as I was with her, I
did not notice it, and when the child was born, I even felt greatly
disturbed by the thought that I should now have her bound to me
forever.  Not until after we had separated did I discover how large a
place she had filled in my life.  And the more distant that time
becomes, it grows larger instead of less.  A reversion of all the laws
of perspective."

"But an intelligible phenomenon," observed Sigmund.  "Helene has
become, in your remembrance, the embodiment of your youth, and the
longing with which you think of her concerns your twenty-four years at
least as much as she herself."

"It may be so.  The fact is that I see Helene in a golden light of
youth and careless happiness, and cannot think of her without tears."

"Do you know, friend Wolf, that you perhaps did wrong to leave her?"

"There are hours when I believe it.  When we have found a creature whom
we love, and who loves us in return, we ought on no account to give her
up.  We never know whether it will be possible to replace.  And, after
all, love is the only thing which makes life worth living."

"What would you have, Sigmund?  That is the wisdom of mature years.  At
four and twenty we have not yet reached that knowledge.  At that time I
perceived only that I had picked Helene up in the Luxembourg gardens,
that is, as it were, in the streets.  I knew that I was not her first

"But her only one," interposed Sigmund.

"So she said, yes.  But I had the feeling that I owed her nothing.
Love for love.  This I gave her, and she ought to ask nothing more.
Yet it was an extremely careless relation, and I fully realized its
doubtful character.  At that time I should have advised any one else in
my situation to release themselves from it kindly, and--well, I gave
myself the same counsel.

"Your heart, even then, must have told you that you were wrong, and I
think your common sense tells you so now.  After all, the reasoning of
the heart and that of the intellect does not differ so widely as silly
wise folk suppose."

Wolf made no answer.

"Do you remember," Sigmund began again, "when I came from Heidelberg to
visit you thirteen years ago?  It was my first trip to Paris.  The
city, its life, the people, everything produced an overpowering
impression upon me.  And in the midst of this frantic rush was the
charming idyl; you and Helene.  Your little room in the quiet street
seemed like a magic isle in the roaring ocean.  What was the name of
that street?"

"The Rue St. Dominique."

"Yes.  I should like to make a pilgrimage there to see the old house."

"Impossible.  The house has been torn down.  The street has
disappeared.  The magnificent Boulevard St. Germain now runs through

"So nothing is to be found again!  Nothing is left of all the beautiful
things which we experience, save the shadow of its memory in our souls!
We ought never to return to the scenes of past happiness, unless we are
sure of finding them unchanged."

Sigmund was becoming more and more tender and sensitive.  It was his

He continued:

"How often I have lived over again the evening when you went to Dr.
Amandier's reception, and left me alone with Helene.  I was very
awkward.  I did not know how I ought to treat her, and the more at ease
she appeared, the more embarassed I became.  I paid her compliments,
she laughed.  Conversation was difficult, for I had no great knowledge
of French.  She took pity on me and sat down at the cottage piano.  She
played very prettily.  Very often she turned round and smiled at me.
She was extremely bewitching, and my heart glowed.  I envied you.  I
planned all sorts of base things.  I paid court to her.  I confess it
now.  You are not angry with me?"

"Don't fear," replied Wolf smilingly, "Helene told me about it as soon
as I came home.  I was not jealous of you."

"Thank you," replied Sigmund with comical irritability.  "Summoning my
whole vocabulary, I said all sorts of pretty things to her, but while
talking excitedly, with burning cheeks, she took up the little dog our
friend Tannemann gave her, and calmly began to hunt for fleas in his
curly hair.  This made me so furious that I started up and rushed off
without a farewell."

"But you were appeased the next day," observed Wolf.

"Of course.  When my blood had become cool, her composure in the
presence of my love-making inspired respect.  Then we became the best
friends, and she remarked: 'Since you no longer say that you love me, I
love you.'  And do you remember the Sunday excursion?"

"Certainly.  To St Cloud.  With Tannemann."

"It was enough to made one die of laughing.  Helene intentionally
talked extremely fast, so that Tannemann, who knew little about French,
could not understand her.  He was terribly provoked because he was
continually obliged to ask her to repeat everything two or three times.
What a merry breakfast we had on the grass in the midst of the ruins!"

"You carried the two bottles of wine in the pockets of your overcoat."

"And you the ham and the chicken.  Helene had the bread and butter and
the dishes in a little basket.  Tannemann was to furnish the dessert.
But when the time came for that, he declared that there was some
misunderstanding, nothing had been said to him about it."

"He is still the same skinflint he was then."

"The same old pedant, too?  Whenever Helene kissed you, he looked away

"Helene was very loving that day.  How you blushed when she said that
the only thing we needed to be thoroughly comfortable was that you
should have brought a little friend too."

Sigmund sighed deeply.

"Yes, we were young then," Wolf said, closing the retrospect.

"And you at least know that you have been young.  You possess beautiful
memories, of which nothing and no one can deprive you.

  "'Who'er has been clasped in the arms of love,
  All poverty's ills is for aye raised above;
  E'en though he should die afar and alone,
  Still would he possess the blissful hour
  When kisses upon her lips he did shower,
  And, e'en in death, she would yet be his own.'"

"Yours?" asked Wolf.

"Nonsense, that's no mathematician's poetry.  Old Storm."

"The feeling is true, though it is somewhat insipidly expressed.
Memories are indeed wealth, though it arouses melancholy to rummage
amid the treasure."

"Tell me, Wolf--what has become of Helene?"

"I hope she is faring very well."

"You do not know?"

"I will tell you what I know about her.  I was going to Spain at that
time, as you are aware, about the copper-mining business.  But I had to
give it up because I would not leave Helene.  Our child died when it
was six weeks old.  What would I give if I had the boy now!  Then I
considered his death the solving of a problem.  I told Helene that I
must now go to Huelva.  She wanted to accompany me.  Of course that
would not do.  There were passionate scenes, but I released myself.
She promised to return to her father in Douai, and she kept her word,
because for a time her letters came from there."

"So you wrote to each other?"

"Yes, at first.  After some time she suddenly appeared in Paris again.
She wrote in apology that she could no longer endure that dull Douai
with her morose old father.  After that I heard nothing from her for a
long time.  Then came a letter informing me that she was going to marry
a wine-merchant, who cherished no resentment for her past, as her
father had made a sacrifice!"


"You just said yourself that I ought to have bound her permanently to
my life."

"Yes, from love, not for a dowry.  Besides, you had less to forgive
than the wine-merchant."

"What of it--that's the morality of people who are called practical."

"And then?"

"Then the marriage probably took place.  I have heard nothing more from

"Did you not try to learn something about her?"

"To be honest--no.  I do not think I have a right to cross her path.
And what would have been the object of another advance, since she was
married?  True--I often feel--but we combat such emotions."

"She has never made the attempt to see you again?  Perhaps she thinks
that you are still in Spain."

"Or she is dead.  For when people have loved each other so ardently in
the glorious days of youth, it is impossible to live and become
strangers.  At least it seems so to me."

"Ah, Sigmund, life is a cruel extinguisher of lights."

"Certainly, but there are flames which life does not extinguish.  Only

A few months had passed since the meeting of the two friends.  Sigmund
Friese was again in Washington, teaching mathematics, when one day he
received the following letter from Wolf Breuning.


"What wonderful things chance can bring to pass in the capital!  I am
writing to you under the fresh impression of the incident.  You will
open your eyes!  I was walking through the Rue Rochechouart about two
o'clock this afternoon when an elegantly dressed lady, coming from the
opposite direction, suddenly stopped just in front of me.  As I was
absorbed in thought, at first I took no notice but passed on.  After a
few steps the fleeting perception became a distinct consciousness, and
I involuntarily turned.  There the lady still stood, as if rooted to
the spot, looking after me.  I went back somewhat hesitatingly, though
curious, she hastily advanced to meet me and, ere I could distinguish
her features through the thick veil, she cried in a stifled voice: 'I
was not mistaken!  It is really you!  What good luck!  What good luck!'
As she spoke she stretched out both hands, clasped mine, pressed them,
and continued to hold them.   You have guessed it: Helene.  What shall
I say to you, my friend?  I felt as if I were in a dream.  Before me
stood the woman of whom I so often thought, since your visit more
frequently and more tenderly than ever, the personification of my
happiest moments, the love of my youth, transfigured by memory, for
whom I had longed twelve years, whom I had never expected to see again!
You know that I am not usually sentimental, but my eyes grew dim.  I
could say only: 'Helene!'  Then we had embraced and kissed each
other--through the veil--as if we were mad, in the public street, and
in the presence of the passers-by, who looked at us curiously.  Helene
took my arm and drew me quickly forward in silence.  A hack was
passing.  Helene stopped it, sprang in hastily, and then asked: 'Can we
go to your home?'  'Certainly,' I cried.  'Then give the driver your
address.'  Now we again sat hand clasped in hand, gazing into each
other's eyes, it was a moment full of mingled bliss and pain, such as I
have scarcely ever experienced.  Then came another shower of kisses and
caresses, this time with the veil thrown back and even the hat laid
aside--the twelve years of course have not passed over her leaving no
trace, but she is still a beautiful, stylish woman--then followed
questions.  I was obliged to relate first how I had fared and what I
had experienced.  She rejoiced that I was unmarried, she pressed my
hand when I told her that I had not ceased to think of her.  Then she
began to tell her story.  She was married.  Happily?  She really had no
cause to complain.  Her husband, of course, was not I, but she made no
comparisons.  He treated her kindly.  He made a great deal of money.
Only she was bored.  Besides, he was jealous.  It was absurd, since he
did not love her.  On account of this jealousy she had been obliged to
cease writing to me.  She was stupid at that time and did not know for
what the 'to be kept till called for' had been invented--

"Then we reached my lodgings.  I was as soft-hearted and imbecile as a
student at his first love-tryst.  I did not wish to degrade this
meeting to the level of a commonplace bachelor adventure.  I wanted to
keep the bloom and the fragrance of the flower.

"I began to speak of the past."

Alas, dear Sigmund!

"She first said that our meeting occurred in the year 1878.  When I
clasped my hands and mournfully exclaimed: 'Then you have forgotten
that it was in 1874,' she was a little confused, but recovered with the
swift remark: 'A date is of no importance, the main thing is that we
were happy, oh, very happy!'  I asked if she remembered our little nest.

"'Certainly!' she cried, clapping her hands in delight.  She remembered
that it was in the Rue St. Dominique, but when I attempted to win from
her a description of the furniture, the view from our two windows, she
evaded it.  I turned the conversation to you--I don't mention it to
offend you--but there was not the faintest recollection!  Completely
forgotten!  I spoke of Tannemann--nothing, nothing!  Not until I
recalled the little dog could she remember him, but it was especially
the animal, the giver very dimly.  I alluded to our excursion--her eyes
sparkled, all the details, even the most minute incidents came back to
her, and she related with the utmost fluency, in a rapture of delight,
a picnic with breakfast in a hut built of branches and an extravagant
quantity of wine--which we had never had together.

"What a shower-bath!  My teeth fairly chattered from it.  She noticed my
coldness, asked if I had any other love, became irritated when I
pretended not to hear the question, finally said that she must go, and
was thoroughly offended when I did not detain her.  She went away
without mentioning another meeting and I let her go, without even
asking where she lived.

"I shall hardly see her again.  I regret that I met her.  To-day is the
first time that I have wholly lost Helene, and the loss gives me pain.
It was a beautiful self-delusion, and I would gladly have treasured it
to my life's end.

"You were right when you said that we ought not return to the scenes of
former happiness unless we were sure of finding them unchanged.

"A thousand kind remembrances from your strangely agitated


"_Postscript_.  Shall I tell you all I think?  I believe that Helene has
mistaken me for some one else----"



Herr von Jagerfeld, a rich manufacturer who had recently been elevated
to the rank of baron in the Bavarian nobility, was celebrating a double
festival: his silver wedding and the completion of his castle,
Franzensruhe, which he had built outside the gates of Marktbreit, on
the slope of one of the hills, which, as the last western spur of the
Steigerwald, roll in a gradual descent to the bank of the Main.  The
castle was a magnificent edifice, in the Renaissance style--of course.
Red sandstone and white marble had been used, with a beautiful effect
of colour, for the façade, which made a lavish display of pilasters
with foliage and vine work, niches containing statues, and bay windows
with beautiful wrought iron railings.  The castle stood in the midst of
a lovely park filled with trees a century old, which extended up to the
summit of the hill and down to the river.

The master of the castle liked a lavish style.  He had invited to his
house-warming numerous guests, to whom, in the spacious apartments
planned for this purpose, he could offer a really royal hospitality, at
once magnificent and refined.  They were chiefly land-owners from the
province of the Main, rich merchants and manufacturers from Frankfort,
and acquaintances from places still more remote, who had flocked here
with their wives and grown children, so that from early morning the
mansion had been filled with joyous life.

The entire company assembled for the first time at the banquet which
took place in the evening.  The large dining-hall, wainscoted with
polished marble in the style of the Italian palaces, whose painted
ceiling was supported by fluted columns, was lighted by a superb
chandelier with hundreds of wax candles, and contained a long table
very richly set.  Silver ornaments, exquisitely wrought, adorned the
centre and the ends.  The china, the array of glasses of all shapes
which stood beside each plate, bore the initial of the master of the
house, without any heraldic addition which might recall the recent
elevation of rank, a graceful bit of coquetry on the part of a man who
had been successful in life, but who was no upstart.  At every plate
was also placed a bouquet, in a holder representing a crystal lily with
a silver cup.  The company harmonized with the luxurious environment.
The married ladies attracted the eye by their elegant toilettes and
rich jewels, the young girls--among whom were several of bewitching
beauty and freshness--in simpler costumes, with flowers in their hair,
by their natural charms.  Even among the monotonous black dress coats
of the men, an eye which took pleasure in colour found some degree of
satisfaction in the gay uniforms of several Bavarian and Russian

The hostess, still a pretty woman, with her wealth of fair hair and her
clear complexion, over whose delicate transparency the years had passed
with scarcely a trace, had at her right an elderly general with
numerous orders, who, being a great eater and a very poor
conversationalist, feasted his eyes alternately on his plate and on the
pretty faces, whispering to his neighbour remarks about the viands and
the feminine guests, whose artless simplicity--they consisted chiefly
of a noun and a laudatory adjective--showed a profoundly satisfied and
comfortable mood.  At her left sat a highly esteemed friend of the
family, Dr. Bergmann, a young physician, a tutor in the Wurzburg
university, who, during the past three years had twice had the
opportunity of saving Frau von Jagersfeld and her eldest daughter, in
cases of severe illness, from threatening death, and to whom the whole
family therefore felt unbounded gratitude.  Bergmann was a handsome
man, still under thirty, whose grave manner made him appear somewhat
older.  A thoughtful brow, an absolutely straight nose, large grey
eyes, which on first meeting them looked cold and penetrating, lips
somewhat large, yet well modelled, dark beard, and a luxuriant head of
hair which was permitted to wave, stand up, or lie flat at will, were
the individual features which collectively formed a remarkably
interesting head.  His manner showed a peculiar mingling of modesty,
nay, timidity, and vigorous self-reliance.  It was evident that he was
unaccustomed to the drawing-room and large companies, and felt at ease
only beside a sick-bed.  He was rather awkward in aimless chatter, but,
on the other hand, firm and clear in professional conversation.  A mere
boy in the presence of a talkative, pretty girl, but a hero and a
conqueror when with a suffering, anxious human being, beseeching his
aid.  His left-hand neighbour, the wife of a Frankfort banker, who
chatted rapidly about the architecture of the dining-hall and the
Wagner performances at Bayreuth, received monosyllabic, hesitating
replies, while he talked eloquently to the lady on his right, the
hostess, upon the influence of modern nervousness upon social forms.

He paid little heed to the guests, and had only glanced at them
carelessly two or three times, bowing to acquaintances, and hastily
obtaining a general impression of the strangers.  At each of these
surveys his eyes had remained fixed upon a lady who sat directly
opposite to him, and whose beauty was remarkable, peculiar, and
fascinating.  So far as her figure could be seen, while seated, it
appeared slight and delicate, without fragility, girlishly immature,
yet not lean in form.  The small head, supported by a slender,
snow-white neck, was a marvel of grace and elegance, instantly
recalling the bust of Clytie in the British Museum.  One involuntarily
looked for the sunflower from whose calyx it really ought to bloom.
The brow was narrow and dazzlingly fair, the nose uncommonly delicate,
slightly arched at the root, with mobile nostrils, so delicate that one
might believe them transparent; the mouth not very small, but
exquisitely shaped, with thin lips, curving obstinately, which curled
sometimes sternly, sometimes scornfully, sometimes bitterly, but could
also smile with infinite sweetness and charm; the chin round and
statuesque, the cheeks neither plump nor hollow, with a delightful play
of tender lights and soft, almost imperceptible shadows over their
bright surfaces.  But the most remarkable characteristics of this head
were the large blue eyes, deep as the sea, beneath long lashes and
nobly-formed brows, and the luxuriant, almost golden-red hair, whose
silken wealth of naturally waving locks rested above the brow in two
bands, like the gleaming wings of some bright-hued tropical bird, while
the light of the candles, shining on the braids, struck out strange,
satiny, metallic reflections, and a powdery, glimmering sparkle, as
though the hair was dusted with gold or ruby powder.  Her sole
ornaments were a diamond star in the hair and an antique gold circlet
on one of her bare arms.  The white dress, trimmed on one side of the
bosom to the opposite side of the waist with a garland of artificial
flowers, looked simple, yet very elegant.  The eye of the most critical
woman could find no fault in the harmony of the toilette, the coldest
man could not avert his gaze from the head, which constantly called
forth the two comparisons to a Greek cameo, or a nixie, comparisons
which the beautiful woman was compelled to hear so often that they
seemed unbearably commonplace.

The young lieutenant--a count--who sat at her left hand, was probably
whispering something of the sort into her little ear, for her face
assumed a repellently cold, bored expression, and her eyes were fixed
dreamily on vacancy,--many times farther away than the earth from the
sun,--from her gallant neighbor, the table, and the hall.  But
Bergmann's gaze must have followed her all this distance, for it
suddenly met hers, and the tall, grave fellow flushed under her pensive
glance.  The hostess looked at him just at this moment, and saw the
blood mount into his cheeks.

"What is the matter?" she could not help whispering.

He blushed a second time, even more deeply.

But Frau von Jagerfeld had followed his eye, and now said, smiling:
"Ah, your opposite neighbor!"

"Who is the lady?" Bergmann asked, with some little embarrassment.

"Doctor," replied Frau von Jagerfeld, this time smiling, "take care.
Many wings have already been scorched by her."

"Don't fear, madame.  I can endure flames somewhat better than a moth."

"Come, come, a suspicious reflection of fire is already visible on your

A shadow of annoyance flitted across Bergmann's face.  His hostess laid
her hand quickly on his arm, saying:

"Don't be vexed by a little jest, my dear friend.  I will tell you who
the beautiful woman is.  She is a German-American, and her name is Mrs.
Ada Burgess.  Young and charming, as you see, the poor woman is
unhappy.  Her father is the owner of a gold mine somewhere in Nebraska,
and was reputed a very wealthy man; at least he lived in extremely
handsome style in St. Louis, and his daughter, who was considered the
handsomest girl in the west, from the time of her entrance into society
was the reigning belle of every ball and entertainment.  Mr. Burgess,
who seems to have been a handsome and elegant man, was her most devoted
suitor and appeared to be madly in love with her.  Ada did not remain
insensible to the persistent homage, and Burgess bore away the victory
over numerous rivals.  But it now appears that he has a base soul and
his main object was the dowry.  There, however, he was disappointed.
Gold mines, evidently, are not always productive, at least Ada's father
was ruined by his, and Ada did not receive a penny.  Then the comedy of
love played by Burgess ended.  At first he treated her indifferently,
then harshly, and soon matters became so bad that she was obliged to
seek refuge from her husband's abuse in her parents' house.  Her nerves
had been so shaken by the horrible scenes which she experienced, that
your American colleagues recommended a long residence in Europe for the
restoration of her health.  She came here, and for several months has
lived in Frankfort, where the best society struggles for her.  Yon can
imagine that a young and beautiful woman entirely alone, whose husband
is invisible, does not remain unassailed.  Besides, there is the
American independence and confidence of manner which is often mistaken
for emancipation, and by which a man easily feels encouraged--in short,
serious attention has been paid to her, and she has seemed to accept
it.  Then suddenly there came a repulse and a rupture, which has
already resulted in injury to several somewhat delicately strung
masculine hearts.  Moreover she is very uneven in her manner.  Often
gay, even reckless, devising pranks like a spoiled boy, then suddenly
reserved, distant, and stern.  True, she is always intellectual, so
that I know many a man who is uncomfortable in her society, to say
nothing of women."

Frau von Jagerfeld had spoken eagerly in a low tone, with frequent
interruptions when courtesy compelled her to listen to the numerous
toasts which were chiefly proposed to her and to the master of the
house.  Mrs. Burgess could not long fail to notice that the two persons
opposite were talking about her, and she smilingly shook her finger
across the table at her friend.

"Poor woman," murmured Bergmann, "so bitter in experience at the
threshold of life--But why does she endure her fate?  It is so easy to
be set free in America."

"I don't know.  Perhaps on account of her children."

"Ah--she has children?"

"Two; and it is strange and touching to see how she rears them.  Often
she treats them like dolls, and amuses herself for hours by dressing
and undressing them, dragging them around the room, and then suddenly
dropping them in some sofa corner, head down and feet up.  Then again,
she talks gravely and tenderly to the little creatures, and tries to
instil good principles--it is too comical.  But she is a delightful
creature, oh, a delightful creature----"

The banquet was over, honor was done to the last toast from brimming
champagne glasses, and the guests went to the drawing-room.  Several
minutes elapsed before the gentlemen had escorted the ladies to their
chairs, and the arrangement appointed according to rank and precedence,
which had governed the seats assigned at the table, had yielded to free
gathering in groups.  Mrs. Burgess had dismissed her lieutenant with a
somewhat curt bow, and took her place before a beautiful little Menzel,
which she examined a long time.  Frau von Jagerfeld and Bergmann
released themselves almost at the same moment, the former from her old
general, the latter from his banker's wife, and again found themselves
side by side.

"Do you want me to introduce you to Ada?" she asked, quickly.

He bowed silently, and offered his arm.  On reaching Ada, she lightly
touched her on the shoulder, white as mother-of-pearl, with her fan,
and when the lady, somewhat surprised, turned, Frau von Jagerfeld,
smiling pleasantly, said: "My dear child, let me present to you our
best friend, Dr. Bergmann.  I must devote myself to the rest of my
guests, and, unfortunately, have not time to tell you all the good I
think of him.  But you will discover all that is necessary for
yourself.  You know, my dear, that you are the two most interesting
people here.  It is fitting for you to be together."  With these words
she rustled away to address a few kindly words to the architect of the
castle, who was surrounded by a numerous group.

Bergman stood before Mrs. Burgess, gazing at her gravely and intently.
The more at ease of the two, she sat down on a sofa and, with a gesture
of the hand, invited him to take the arm-chair in front of it.

"Frau von Jagerfeld has talked of you a great deal, and very
enthusiastically," she said, in a musical, somewhat deep, resonant
voice, which thrilled his every nerve like the sound of bells, and as
he bowed, she added, smiling mischievously: "And of me to you; I
watched you at the table."

"Yes," he answered, "and enthusiastically, also."

"She is a kind friend, I know."  A brief pause followed, which she
abruptly interrupted.  "You are a physician, and in spite of your
youth, a famous one--modesty is unnecessary.  It is strange--I like
physicians, and yet I fear them."


"Yes, why?  I like them because they are usually earnest, talented men,
who have experienced much, know much, and from whom new and remarkable
things can always be learned.  I fear them because they have no

"Perhaps that is not always correct."

"Oh, pardon me; how is a physician to preserve any illusions, when he
knows human beings thoroughly, sees that an emotion depends upon the
nerve of a tooth, a mood upon the degree of moisture contained in the
air, and a character upon the healthy or diseased stomach.  You leave
your illusions upon your dissecting tables."

"What you say might be true if illusions and experiences came from the
same source.  But they do not."

"I don't fully understand.  Explain yourself."

"What you call illusions are ideal images and aspirations, which
originate in the sphere of our impulses and feelings, not in our
sensible reasoning.  But the impulses and feelings are more elementary
and more deeply rooted, thought comes later and remains more on the
surface.  We inherit our illusions from the countless generations that
have preceded us, our experiences we draw from our individual lives.
An individual experience cannot outweigh the illusions of a thousand
ancestors, who form a part of our organism.  But, pardon me, I have
caught myself in the midst of a tutor's lecture--you see that impulse
is stronger than prudence."

"Do you ask pardon for that?  What you say is so interesting.  I
suppose you have a very bad opinion of women, since you do not think
them capable of understanding you?"

"I do not generalize.  Whatever opinion I might have of women, I should
not apply it to you."

"You understand how to pay compliments admirably.  You are not

He made no reply, but gazed at her with so earnest a look, expressive
of such unconscious admiration and worship that she flushed, and with a
nervous flutter of her fan rose.  Bergmann rose also, bowed, and made a
movement to retire.  Ada opened her eyes in surprise, and involuntarily
a word escaped her lips: "Why----"

"I thought I was wearying you."

She held out her finger-tips, which he pressed so warmly that she
hastily withdrew her hand.  Going to one of the three large windows in
the drawing-room, she opened it and stepped out upon the broad,
projecting balcony, which on the second story extended along the whole
front of the castle.  Leaning against the balustrade, both silently
watched for a moment the scene before them.  The July night was warm,
and the air was stirless.  Not a cloud appeared in the blackish-blue
sky, the stars were sparkling brightly, and among them, almost at the
zenith, sailed the full moon.  At their feet lay the park, from which
rose faint odours of unknown wild flowers and the more pungent
fragrance of dewy grass and leafage.  Directly in front of the building
extended a lawn, with beds of flowers, on which the moonlight poured a
sort of filmy glimmering mist, which gave the green grass and the
bright hues of the flower-beds a light, silvery veil.  Beyond the lawn,
on all sides, towered the trees of the park, intersected by broad
paths, through which the moonbeams flowed like a gleaming white stream
between steep black banks.  At the end of the central avenue appeared
the Main, flowing in a broad, calm stream, with here and there a noisy,
troubled spot in the midst of its peacefully-gliding waves, where a
rock or a sand-bar interrupted the mirror-like expanse, and caused a
rushing, foam-sprinkled whirlpool.  Beyond the river, amid the light,
floating night-mists, were dimly seen the houses of a little village,
on whose window-panes a moonbeam often flashed, and at the left of the
park rose the indistinct mass of the city of Marktbreit, whose steep,
narrow streets were filled with shadows, while above the steeples and
higher roofs the moon-rays rippled, bringing them out in bright relief
against the dark picture.


The spell of this moonlight night mounted to the heads of the two
silent watchers on the balcony like an intoxicating draught, and sent
cold chills down their spines.  Almost without being aware what he was
doing, Bergmann offered Ada his arm, which she accepted, leaning
against him with a gentle, clinging movement of her whole figure.
There they stood, letting their dreamy eyes wander over the woods, the
river, and the city.  They would have forgotten the castle and the
entertainment had not the subdued notes of the dance music reached them
from the ball-room, whose windows opened upon the balcony on the
opposite side of the façade, filling the night with low harmonies which
were continued in the vibrations of their own nerves.

At this moment the clock in the Marktbreit steeple struck twelve,
directly after the sound of a night watchman's horn was heard, and a
wailing voice, rising in the sleeping streets of the city, called a few
unintelligible words.

"What was that?" Ada whispered.

"The night watchman, according to the custom of the country, called the
hour with a verse," replied Bergmann.  A few minutes later the call was
repeated, this time nearer, and so distinctly that it could be
understood.  The night watchman, with mournful emphasis, sung:

  "Twelve strokes Time's limit do teach thee,
  Man, think of thy mortality."

"Life in your Germany is like a fairy tale," said Ada, after repeating
the verse to herself; "everything is so dreamy; so pervaded with

"Then stay in our Germany, stay with us," he pleaded, softly, his voice
expressing far more than his words.

She shook her little head sorrowfully.  "I came five years too late."

"Do not say that," replied Bergmann, pressing the bare arm which rested
on his closely to his side.  "How old are you now?"

It did not occur to her to smile at the question or to answer it,
according to the ordinary custom of women, with an affected reply.  She
said, instead, as simply as a child:


"And at twenty-three would it be too late to seek and strive for
happiness in life?  When sorrow has been experienced so young, it can
surely be regarded as a childish disease and there is nothing to be
done except to forget it as quickly as possible."

Ada gazed fixedly into vacancy, saying, as if lost in thought:

"No, no.  That is not so.  There are injuries which are incurable.  The
mother of two children is old at twenty-three.  Since she can no longer
offer a man the full happiness of love, she has no right to expect it
from him."

He was about to answer, but with a hasty movement she placed her
slender finger on her lip, saying:

"Hush!  Not another word on this subject.  Look"--and her hand pointed,
down to the park.

From a bow window in the castle a powerful apparatus was sending a
broad stream of electric light into the darkness.  It often changed and
moved, being thrown now here, then there.  In its course it illumined
the tops of the trees with a faint, livid phosphorescence, interwove
the shrubbery with fantastic gliding spots of light, and gave the turf,
wherever it was visible, the appearance of a strip of a glittering
glacier.  In the distance, where the light was lost in the dense groups
of trees, it produced the illusion of indistinct shapes gleaming out
there for a moment and then vanishing.  It seemed as if one could see
something mysterious moving or standing, perhaps a human form, wrapped
in floating robes, perhaps a white marble statue hidden behind the
foliage, perhaps a mist, gathering and scattering.  Night moths and
bats, fluttering across the bar of light out of the darkness into the
darkness, shone brightly during the brief period of their passage, then
suddenly vanished again like moss blown through a flame.  The electric
light seemed to make a road through the park, spread a silver carpet
over it, and invite the two who watched its course to walk along this
shining road to the distance where the shadowy white shapes hovered in
the shrubbery, appearing and disappearing.

The temptation was irresistible.

"Let us go down," said Ada, and a few minutes later, with a light
mantilla over her shoulders, she was walking by his side over the
creaking gravel of the avenue and then over the noiseless side paths.

How blissful is the wandering of a handsome young couple, with glowing
hearts in their breasts, through a moonlit, fragrant summer night!
Their feet do not feel the earth on which they tread, but seem to be
floating on clouds.  Nothing is left of the world save these two and
the night which maternally conceals them--he and she, naught else, like
Adam and Eve, when they were the only human dwellers in Paradise.

A damp branch of the bushes often brushed Ada's shoulders like an
affectionate, caressing hand, as she slowly passed along.  Now and then
a bird whose nest was in the underbrush, disturbed in its sleep,
fluttered up before them, and, stupid with slumber, flew to a
neighboring bough.  Ada sometimes plucked a flower, or cautiously
touched with her finger one of the little glow worms, which in great
numbers edged the path with their greenish light.  They went down to
the Main and back again to the park fence, facing Marktbreit.  Just as
they reached it the clock struck one, and the night watchman blew his
horn, and again solemnly intoned his old-fashioned melody:

  "One thing, Lord God of truth, we want;
  A happy death to us all grant."

The full magic of the moment held them both in its thrall.  Bergmann
passionately clasped Ada's head between his hands, and pressed a long,
ardent kiss on her golden hair and her white brow.  Drawing a long
breath, she submitted, not shrinking back until his burning lips sought
hers.  Their hearts beat audibly as they continued their walk, and long
pauses interrupted their faltering speech.

What did they say to each other?  Why repeat it?  One who has never had
such conversations will not understand them, and one who has
experienced them, only needs to be reminded of them.  They are always
the same.  Memories of childhood, rapture and extravagance, words of
enthusiastic love, words which create the slight tremor of the skin
like a cool breeze or the caress of toying fingers.  So they walked a
long, long time in the dark park, without heeding the flight of time,
far from the world and unutterably happy.

"I am tired, Karl," Ada said at last, and leaned her head on his

They were near a low, grassy bank, a few paces from the central avenue,
and almost under the balcony of the castle, but completely concealed by
the dense shadow of the over-arching trees.  Karl spread his shawl over
the bank and the ground, placed Ada on it, and reclined at her feet,
resting his head in her lap.  The balcony and the windows and lights of
the drawing-room could all be seen from this spot.  The window still
stood open, the notes of a piano were heard, and a voice began the song:

  "From out my tears will bloom
  Full many a flow'ret fair."

A pretty, but somewhat cold, female voice, with no special tenderness
and feeling.  Yet the combined poesy of Heine and Schumann triumphed
gloriously over the inadequacy of the execution.  The wonderful,
choral-like melody soared like the flight of a swan over the rapt pair,
and completely dissolved their souls in melody and love:

  "Before thy windows shall ring
  The song of the nightingale,"

sang the woman's voice above, and the accompanying piano completed the
air with an organ-like closing accord.

  "Before thy windows shall ring
  The song of the nightingale,"

Karl softly repeated, in his beautiful baritone, thrilling with an
approaching tempest of passion, his arms clasped Ada's waist, and he
gazed up at her with wild, flaming eyes.  She bent down to him and her
lips met his, which nearly scorched them.  Leaning back, and gently
pushing his head away, she whispered:

"Don't repeat verses by Heine; say something which is yours, and is
composed for me."

"That I will, Ada," he cried, and, kneeling before her, clasping her in
a close embrace and devouring her face with rapturous eyes, his whole
being wrought up to the highest pitch of emotion, he said in a rapid
improvisation, bursting from the inmost depths of his soul:

  "In the shadowy hour when ghosts do flit,
    Thou art to me a beauteous dream;
  To thy lips I cling, yet while I love,
    My happiness scarce real doth seem."

  "Thy mouth and thy fair hands I kiss,
    I kiss thine eyes and thy silken hair,
  And should our lives end at this hour,
    Still we should die a happy pair."

Her eyes were half closed, and her bosom heaved.

After a short pause, he continued slowly in a tremulous voice:

  "Oh, God, that I should find thee here,
    Only to cause my woe,
  For thou wilt vanish from my gaze,
    Ere the first cock doth crow."

"No, no," she murmured, almost inaudibly, sinking into his arms, which
clasped her wildly and ardently, pressing her to his heart, while his
lips showered kisses upon her and a sudden ecstasy began to cloud her

Then, just at that moment, the clock in the Marktbreit church steeple
struck two, the blast of the horn followed, and the mysterious voice
rose in the invisible city and sang, this time close at hand and
seemingly with significant emphasis:

  "Two paths are to each mortal shown;
  Lord, guide me in the narrow one."

As if stung by a serpent, Ada started up, wrenched herself by a sudden
movement from Karl's clasping arms, and hastened away as though pursued
by all the fiends of hell.  A moment later, her white figure had
vanished in the castle and Karl found himself alone before the grassy
bank; he might have believed it a dream if the mantilla had not still
lain there exhaling Ada's favourite perfume, a faint fragrance of

With heavy, dulled brain, aching limbs, and a strange sense of pain in
his heart, Karl staggered back to the castle and to his room.  For a
long time sleep fled from him.  A thousand scenes hovered in a confused
throng before his fancy, blending into a witch-dance in whose mazes his
own brain seemed to whirl also, until the giddiness became intolerable.
He saw Ada in various transformations--now seated opposite to him at
the table--then in the drawing-room--anon clasped in his
arms--sometimes brightly illuminated as the queen of the
ball-room--sometimes a faint, dark vision against the sombre background
of the woodland--he inhaled her favourite perfume, felt the touch of
her arms and her lips--he heard her voice and the melancholy music of
the night watchman and the notes of the dancing tune from the ballroom,
and amid these exciting delusions of the senses a restless,
dream-haunted slumber at last overtook him.

      *      *      *      *      *      *

It was almost noon when he awoke.  At first his head felt confused and
empty, but gradually he collected his thoughts, and now the experience
of the previous night again stood clearly before his eyes.  He suddenly
recalled all his feelings during the walk through the woods, and, while
dressing with the utmost haste, he exultingly repeated in a low tone
again and again: "I love her!  And she returns my love!  And we will
never part."

His first thought was to seek Ada.  The mantilla, which he must return,
afforded the pretext.  After several inquiries he found her apartments,
which were next to those occupied by the mistress of the house.  Ada's
maid opened the door and looked at him in surprise when he gave her the
package and asked if he could see Mrs. Burgess.

"She has a headache, and probably won't be up to-day," was the curt
answer, with which the door was closed in his face.  This was a
disappointment, and he felt very unhappy and forsaken.  Yet he
endeavoured to combat these feelings and mingled with the other guests.
At noon he exchanged a hurried greeting with Frau Von Jagerfeld, who
looked at him intently, but said nothing when he avoided her glance.
In the afternoon he walked to Marktbreit and through the villages on
the neighbouring hills, but the longing of his heart soon drove him
back to the castle, where for hours he paced patiently up and down the
pillared hall upon which most of the rooms occupied by the visitors
opened.  In the evening the guests again assembled at a banquet.
Bergmann hoped that Ada would be present, and he was not disappointed.
The summons to the meal had been given for the third time, nearly all
the other members of the house-party were in the drawing-room when
Ada's door at last opened.  Karl rushed forward and held out his hand
to her.  She started, paused an instant on the threshold, then hurried
past him without turning her head, and swiftly vanished.

Karl stood as if he were turned to stone, gazing after her retreating
figure; then forgetting the banquet and everything else, he hastened to
his room and wrote Ada a letter, in which he repeated all the
expressions of love lavished upon her during the preceding night, and
begged for an explanation of her recent conduct.  This missive he gave
to Ada's maid, with the urgent request to deliver it to her mistress
that very evening before she retired.  Then he went out to try to
conquer his agitation by a walk in the park, and when he thought that
he had regained his composure, he returned to the drawing-room to see
and to talk with Ada.  The meal was over, gaiety reigned throughout the
various groups, and a storm of reproaches for his absence from the
table assailed him on all sides.  But he looked in vain for Ada.  She
had retired immediately after dinner.

So she was now reading his letter!  Perhaps now she was answering him!
His heart throbbed wildly at this thought.  He would gladly have made
another attempt to see Ada in her own apartments, but he felt that he
owed her due reserve, and determined to have patience until the next

When, on the following morning, he came out of his bed-chamber into the
ante-room, he instantly saw on the table a sealed package which bore
his address.  He tore the wrapper with trembling hands and found within
his own letter and a gilt-edged book.  It was an English copy of
Shakespeare's "Midsummer Night's Dream."  On the first page, in a
woman's delicate chirography, were the words: "A Midsummer Night's
Dream.  July 3, 188--.  Ada."  That was all.  From the servant, who
appeared at his ring, Bergmann learned the package had been left by
Mrs. Burgess' maid early that morning.  Mrs. Burgess had been gone half
an hour.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "How Women Love - (Soul Analysis)" ***

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