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Title: In The Yule-Log Glow—Book 3 - Christmas Poems from 'round the World
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "In The Yule-Log Glow—Book 3 - Christmas Poems from 'round the World" ***

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              IN THE
                 YULE-LOG GLOW

                'ROUND THE WORLD

  "Sic as folk tell ower at a winter ingle"

                   EDITED BY
               HARRISON S. MORRIS

              THREE VOLUMES IN ONE.
                   Book III.


Copyright, 1891, by J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY.



Fancy, if you will, Gentle Reader, that, between the intervals of
tale-telling,--the Yule-log still ruddy upon the visages of your
fellow-guests from many lands,--fancy that a quiet traveller draws out
of his side-pocket a little, well-worn pair of books from which he
reads some scrap of verse or some melodious Christmas poem. Fancy,
too, that, beneath the inn windows, in the snow outside, an occasional
band of the Waits strikes up an ancient carol with voice and horn,
begging, when the music is done, admittance to the glowing warmth
within doors and a share in the plenteous cakes and ale.

Imagine this, if you will, and choose, from the pages to come,
whatever of old or new will fit well into the conceit; for not a few
carols or legends lie there which have done service under the
snow-covered gables or by the crackling wood, and which will help,
with their quaint heartiness or simple beauty, to realize the charm of
Christmas the world around,--that charm which flows from hearty and
generous good-will towards men; which has for its inner light the
kindly desire for peace on earth.


READY FOR THE FEAST                                  Page 59

THE BARON'S HALL                                      "   66

A SHEPHERD                                            "  142

A VISION                                              "  200


LEGENDS IN SONG.                                        PAGE

  The Hallowed Time                                       11

  On the Morning of Christ's Nativity                     12

  The First Roman Christmas                               23

  The Three Damsels                                       25

  King Olaf's Christmas[A]                                29

  Halbert and Hob                                         33

  Good King Wenceslas                                     39

  The Wise Men of the East                                41

  Christmas at Sea                                        46

  "Last Christmas was a Year ago"[B]                      50


  A Christmas "Now"                                       59

  Christmas Eve Customs                                   63

  Merry Souls                                             64

  Christmas in the Olden Time                             66

  Ceremonies for Christmas                                68

  Bringing in the Boar's Head                             69

  The Boar's Head Carol                                   70

  To be Eaten with Mustard                                71

  Christmas-Day in the Morning                            72

  Praise of Christmas                                     73

  Winter's Delights                                       78

  A Christmas Catch                                       79

  The Epic                                                80

  The Country Life                                        89

  Christmas Omnipresent                                   90

  An Old English Christmas-Tide                           94

  Signs of Christmas                                      97

  The Mistletoe                                           99

  Christmas of Old                                       101

  A Plea for a Present                                   112

  A New-Year's Gift Sent to Sir Simeon Steward           114

  The New-Year's Gift                                    116

  An Invitation to the Revel                             117

  A Christmas Ditty                                      120

  At the End of the Feast                                121

  Twelfth Night; or, King and Queen                      123

  Ceremonies for Candlemas Eve                           125

  Another Ceremony                                       126

  The Ceremonies for Candlemas Day                       127

  Another Ceremony                                       127

  Saint Distaff's Day, the Morrow after Twelfth Day      128


  On Oaten Pipes                                         131

  Pipe-Playing                                           132

  The First Carol                                        134

  In Bethlehem                                           137

  A Carol in the Pastures                                139

  The Shepherds                                          141

  On Shepherds' Pipes                                    144

  Angel Tidings                                          145

  The News-Bearers                                       146

  Hymn for Christmas-Day                                 149

  A Hymn of the Nativity                                 150

  Sung by the Shepherd                                   155

  From "The Light of the World"[C]                       158


  Old Christmas Returned                                 179

  The Trencherman                                        184

  Ban and Blessing                                       186

  Thrice Welcome!                                        187

  Christmas Provender                                    188

  Glee and Solace                                        189

  On Saint John's Day                                    191

  Christmas Alms                                         193

  Christmas at the Round-Table                           195


  A Carol at the Manger                                  199

  A Dream Carol                                          200

  The King in the Cradle                                 202

  Madonna and Child                                      205

  A Rocking Hymn                                         209

  A Cradle-Song of the Virgin                            212

  Whispering Palms                                       214

  A Christmas Lullaby                                    215

  The Virgin's Cradle-Hymn                               216

  The Sovereign                                          217

  By the Cradle-Side                                     219

  The Virgin Mary to the Child Jesus                     221

  A Bedside Ditty                                        230

  Given Back on Christmas Morn                           231

  A Lulling Song                                         237

  Good-Night                                             239


[A] By the courtesy of Messrs. Houghton, Mifflin & Co.

[B] By the courtesy of The Century Company.

[C] By the courtesy of Messrs. Funk & Wagnalls.

_Legends in Song._

          "Tell sweet old tales,
  Sing songs as we sit bending o'er the hearth,
  Till the lamp flickers and the memory fails."

                    _Frederick Tennyson._


  Some say that ever 'gainst that season comes
  Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated,
  The bird of dawning singeth all night long;
  And then, they say, no spirit dares stir abroad;
  The nights are wholesome, then no planets strike,
  No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to charm,
  So hallowed and so gracious is the time.



  This is the month, and this the happy morn,
    Wherein the Son of Heaven's eternal King,
  Of wedded maid and virgin mother born,
    Our great redemption from above did bring;
    For so the holy sages once did sing,
  That he our deadly forfeit should release,
  And with his Father work us a perpetual peace.

  That glorious form, that light insufferable,
    And that far-beaming blaze of majesty,
  Wherewith he wont at heaven's high council-table
    To sit the midst of Trinal Unity,
    He laid aside; and, here with us to be,
  Forsook the courts of everlasting day,
  And chose with us a darksome house of mortal clay.

  Say, heavenly Muse, shall not thy sacred vein
    Afford a present to the Infant-God?
  Hast thou no verse, no hymn, or solemn strain
    To welcome him to this his new abode,
    Now while the heaven, by the sun's team untrod,
  Hath took no print of the approaching light,
  And all the spangled host kept watch in squadron bright?

  See, how from far, upon the eastern road,
    The star-led wizards haste with odors sweet;
  O run, prevent them with thy humble ode,
    And lay it lowly at his blessed feet;
    Have thou the honor first thy Lord to greet,
  And join thy voice unto the angel-quire,
  From out his secret altar touch'd with hallow'd fire.


  It was the winter wild,
  While the heaven-born Child
    All meanly wrapt in the rude manger lies;
  Nature in awe to him,
  Had doff'd her gaudy trim,
    With her great Master so to sympathize:
  It was no season then for her
  To wanton with the sun, her lusty paramour.

  Only with speeches fair
  She woos the gentle air
    To hide her guilty front with innocent snow;
  And on her naked shame,
  Pollute with sinful blame,
    The saintly veil of maiden-white to throw;
  Confounded, that her Maker's eyes
  Should look so near upon her foul deformities.

  But he, her fears to cease,
  Sent down the meek-eyed Peace;
    She, crown'd with olive green, came softly sliding
  Down through the turning sphere,
  His ready Harbinger,
    With turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing;
  And, waving wide her myrtle wand,
  She strikes an universal peace through sea and land.

  No war, or battle's sound
  Was heard the world around;
    The idle spear and shield were high up-hung;
  The hooked chariot stood
  Unstain'd with hostile blood;
    The trumpet spake not to the armed throng;
  And kings sat still with awful eye,
  As if they surely knew their sovereign Lord was by.

  But peaceful was the night
  Wherein the Prince of Light
    His reign of peace upon the earth began:
  The winds, with wonder whist,
  Smoothly the waters kist,
    Whispering new joys to the mild ocean,
  Who now hath quite forgot to rave,
  While birds of calm sit brooding on the charmed wave.

  The stars, with deep amaze,
  Stand fix'd in steadfast gaze,
    Bending one way their precious influence;
  And will not take their flight,
  For all the morning light,
    Or Lucifer that often warn'd them thence;
  But in their glimmering orbs did glow,
  Until their Lord himself bespake, and bid them go.

  And, though the shady gloom
  Had given day her room,
    The sun himself withheld his wonted speed,
  And hid his head for shame,
  As his inferior flame
    The new-enlighten'd world no more should need.
  He saw a greater Sun appear
  Than his bright throne, or burning axletree, could bear.

  The shepherds on the lawn,
  Or e'er the point of dawn,
    Sat simply chatting in a rustic row;
  Full little thought they then
  That the mighty Pan
    Was kindly come to live with them below;
  Perhaps their loves, or else their sheep,
  Was all that did their silly thoughts so busy keep.

  When such music sweet
  Their hearts and ears did greet,
    As never was by mortal fingers strook;
  Divinely-warbled voice
  Answering the stringed noise,
    As all their souls in blissful rapture took;
  The air, such pleasure loth to lose,
  With thousand echoes still prolongs each heavenly close.

  Nature that heard such sound,
  Beneath the hollow round
    Of Cynthia's seat, the airy region thrilling,
  Now was almost won
  To think her part was done,
    And that her reign had here its last fulfilling;
  She knew such harmony alone
  Could hold all heaven and earth in happier union.

  At last surrounds their sight
  A globe of circular light,
    That with long beams the shame-faced night array'd;
  The helmed cherubim,
  And sworded seraphim,
    Are seen in glittering ranks with wings display'd,
  Harping in loud and solemn quire,
  With unexpressive notes, to Heaven's new-born Heir.

  Such music as, 'tis said,
  Before was never made,
    But when of old the sons of morning sung,
  While the Creator great
  His constellations set,
    And the well-balanced world on hinges hung,
  And cast the dark foundations deep,
  And bid the weltering waves their oozy channel keep.

  Ring out, ye crystal spheres,
  Once bless our human ears,
    If ye have power to touch our senses so;
  And let your silver chime
  Move in melodious time,
    And let the base of Heaven's deep organ blow,
  And, with your ninefold harmony,
  Make up full concert to the angelic symphony.

  For, if such holy song
  Enwrap our fancy long,
    Time will run back and fetch the age of gold,
  And speckled Vanity
  Will sicken soon and die,
    And leprous Sin will melt from earthly mould,
  And Hell itself will pass away,
  And leave her dolorous mansions to the peering day.

  Yea, Truth and Justice then
  Will down return to men,
    Orb'd in a rainbow; and, like glories wearing,
  Mercy will sit between,
  Throned in celestial sheen,
    With radiant feet the tissued clouds down steering;
  And Heaven, as at some festival,
  Will open wide the gates of her high palace-hall.

  But wisest Fate says No,
  This must not yet be so;
    The Babe lies yet in smiling infancy,
  That on the bitter cross
  Must redeem our loss,
    So both himself and us to glorify:
  Yet first, to those ychain'd in sleep,
  The wakeful trump of doom must thunder through the deep;

  With such a horrid clang
  As on Mount Sinai rang,
    While the red fire and smouldering clouds outbreak:
  The aged earth aghast
  With terror of that blast,
    Shall from the surface to the centre shake;
  When at the world's last session,
  The dreadful Judge in middle air shall spread his throne.

  And then at last our bliss
  Full and perfect is,
    But now begins; for, from this happy day,
  The Old Dragon, under ground
  In straighter limits bound,
    Not half so far casts his usurped sway;
  And, wroth to see his kingdom fail,
  Swinges the scaly horror of his folded tail.

  The oracles are dumb,
  No voice or hideous hum
    Runs through the arched roof in words deceiving.
  Apollo from his shrine
  Can no more divine,
    With hollow shriek the steep of Delphos leaving.
  No nightly trance, or breathed spell,
  Inspires the pale-eyed priest from the prophetic cell.

  The lonely mountains o'er,
  And the resounding shore,
    A voice of weeping heard and loud lament;
  From haunted spring and dale,
  Edged with poplar pale,
    The parting Genius is with sighing sent;
  With flower-inwoven tresses torn,
  The Nymphs in twilight shade of tangled thickets, mourn.

  In consecrated earth,
  And on the holy hearth,
    The Lars and Lemures moan with midnight plaint;
  In urns, and altars round,
  A drear and dying sound
    Affrights the Flamens at their service quaint;
  And the chill marble seems to sweat,
  While each peculiar power foregoes his wonted seat.

  Peor and Baälim
  Forsake their temples dim,
    With that twice-batter'd god of Palestine;
  And mooned Ashtaroth,
  Heaven's queen and mother both,
    Now sits not girt with tapers' holy shine;
  The Lybic Hammon shrinks his horn,
  In vain the Tyrian maids their wounded Thammuz mourn.

  And sullen Moloch, fled,
  Hath left in shadows dread
    His burning idol all of blackest hue;
  In vain with cymbals' ring
  They call the grisly king,
    In dismal dance about the furnace blue;
  The brutish gods of Nile as fast,
  Isis, and Orus, and the dog Anubis, haste.

  Nor is Osiris seen
  In Memphian grove or green,
    Trampling the unshower'd grass with lowings loud:
  Nor can he be at rest
  Within his sacred chest;
    Naught but profoundest hell can be his shroud;
  In vain, with timbrell'd anthems dark,
  The sable-stoled sorcerers bear his worshipt ark.

  He feels from Judah's land
  The dreaded Infant's hand,
    The rays of Bethlehem blind his dusky eyn;
  Nor all the gods beside
  Longer dare abide,
    Nor Typhon huge ending in snaky twine;
  Our Babe, to show his Godhead true,
  Can in his swaddling-bands control the damned crew.

  So, when the sun in bed,
  Curtain'd with cloudy red,
    Pillows his chin upon an orient wave,
  The flocking shadows pale
  Troop to the infernal jail,
    Each fetter'd ghost slips to his several grave;
  And the yellow-skirted fays
  Fly after the night-steeds, leaving their moon-loved maze.

  But see, the Virgin blest
  Hath laid her Babe to rest;
    Time is our tedious song should here have ending:
  Heaven's youngest teemed star
  Hath fix'd her polished car,
    Her sleeping Lord, with handmaid lamp attending:
  And all about the courtly stable
  Bright-harnessed angels sit in order serviceable.

                    _John Milton._


  It was the calm and silent night!
    Seven hundred years and fifty-three
  Had Rome been growing up to might,
    And now was queen of land and sea.
  No sound was heard of clashing wars,
    Peace brooded o'er the hushed domain;
  Apollo, Pallas, Jove, and Mars
    Held undisturbed their ancient reign,
      In the solemn midnight
        Centuries ago.

  'Twas in the calm and silent night!
    The senator of haughty Rome
  Impatient urged his chariot's flight,
    From lonely revel rolling home.
  Triumphal arches, gleaming, swell
    His breast with thoughts of boundless sway;
  What recked the Roman what befell
    A paltry province far away
      In the solemn midnight
        Centuries ago?

  Within that province far away
    Went plodding home a weary boor;
  A streak of light before him lay,
    Fallen through a half-shut stable-door,
  Across his path. He passed; for naught
    Told what was going on within.
  How keen the stars! his only thought;
    The air how calm, and cold, and thin!
      In the solemn midnight
        Centuries ago.

  O strange indifference! Low and high
    Drowsed over common joys and cares;
  The earth was still, but knew not why;
    The world was listening unawares.
  How calm a moment may precede
    One that shall thrill the world forever!
  To that still moment none would heed,
    Man's doom was linked, no more to sever,
      In the solemn midnight
        Centuries ago.

  It is the calm and solemn night!
    A thousand bells ring out and throw
  Their joyous peals abroad, and smite
    The darkness, charmed, and holy now!
  The night that erst no name had worn,
    To it a happy name is given;
  For in that stable lay, new-born,
    The peaceful Prince of earth and heaven,
      In the solemn midnight
        Centuries ago.

                    _Alfred H. Domett._



  Three damsels in the queen's chamber,
    The queen's mouth was most fair;
  She spake a word of God's mother
    As the combs went in her hair.
        Mary that is of might,
        Bring us to thy Son's sight.

  They held the gold combs out from her
    A span's length off her head;
  She sang this song of God's mother
    And of her bearing-bed.
        Mary most full of grace,
        Bring us to thy Son's face.

  When she sat at Joseph's hand,
    She looked against her side;
  And either way from the short silk band
    Her girdle was all wried.
        Mary that all good may,
        Bring us to thy Son's way.

  Mary had three women for her bed,
    The twain were maidens clean;
  The first of them had white and red,
    The third had riven green.
        Mary that is so sweet,
        Bring us to thy Son's feet.

  She had three women for her hair,
    Two were gloved soft and shod;
  The third had feet and fingers bare,
    She was the likest God.
        Mary that wieldeth land,
        Bring us to thy Son's hand.

  She had three women for her ease,
    The twain were good women;
  The first two were the two Maries,
    The third was Magdalen.
        Mary that perfect is,
        Bring us to thy Son's kiss.

  Joseph had three workmen in his stall,
    To serve him well upon;
  The first of them were Peter and Paul,
    The third of them was John.
        Mary, God's handmaiden,
        Bring us to thy Son's ken.

  "If your child be none other man's,
    But if it be very mine,
  The bedstead shall be gold two spans,
    The bed-foot silver fine."
        Mary that made God mirth,
        Bring us to thy Son's birth.

  "If the child be some other man's,
    And if it be none of mine,
  The manger shall be straw two spans,
    Betwixen kine and kine."
        Mary that made sin cease,
        Bring us to thy Son's peace.

  Christ was born upon this wise:
    It fell on such a night,
  Neither with sounds of psalteries,
    Nor with fire for light.
        Mary that is God's spouse,
        Bring us to thy Son's house.

  The star came out upon the east
    With a great sound and sweet:
  Kings gave gold to make him feast
    And myrrh for him to eat.
        Mary of thy sweet mood,
        Bring us to thy Son's good.

  He had two handmaids at his head,
    One handmaid at his feet;
  The twain of them were fair and red,
    The third one was right sweet.
        Mary that is most wise,
        Bring us to thy Son's eyes.

                    _Algernon Charles Swinburne._


  At Drontheim, Olaf the King
  Heard the bells of Yule-tide ring,
    As he sat in his banquet hall,
  Drinking the nut-brown ale,
  With his bearded Berserks hale
    And tall.

  Three days his Yule-tide feasts
  He held with Bishops and Priests,
    And his horn filled up to the brim;
  But the ale was never too strong,
  Nor the Sagaman's tale too long,
    For him.

  O'er his drinking-horn, the sign
  He made of the cross divine
    As he drank, and muttered his prayers;
  But the Berserks evermore
  Made the sign of the Hammer of Thor
    Over theirs.

  The gleams of the fire-light dance
  Upon helmet and hauberk and lance
    And laugh in the eyes of the king;
  And he cries to Halfred the Scald,
  Gray-bearded, wrinkled, and bald:

  "Sing me a song divine,
  With a sword in every line,
    And this shall be thy reward;"
  And he loosened the belt at his waist,
  And in front of the singer placed
    His sword.

  "Quern-biter of Hakon the Good,
  Wherewith at a stroke he hewed
    The millstone through and through,
  And Foot-breadth of Thoralf the Strong
  Were neither so broad nor so long
    Nor so true."

  Then the Scald took his harp and sang,
  And loud through the music rang
    The sound of that shining word;
  And the harp-strings a clangor made
  As if they were struck with the blade
    Of a sword.

  And the Berserks round about
  Broke forth into a shout
    That made the rafters ring;
  They smote with their fists on the board,
  And shouted, "Long live the sword
    And the King!"

  But the king said, "O my son,
  I miss the bright word in one
    Of thy measures and thy rhymes."
  And Halfred the Scald replied,
  "In another 'twas multiplied
    Three times."

  Then King Olaf raised the hilt
  Of iron, cross-shaped and gilt,
    And said, "Do not refuse;
  Count well the gain and the loss,
  Thor's hammer or Christ's cross:

  And Halfred the Scald said, "This,
  In the name of the Lord, I kiss,
    Who on it was crucified!"
  And a shout went round the board,
  "In the name of Christ the Lord
    Who died!"

  Then over the waste of snows
  The noonday sun uprose
    Through the driving mists revealed,
  Like the lifting of the Host,
  By incense-clouds almost

  On the shining wall a vast
  And shadowy cross was cast
    From the hilt of the lifted sword,
  And in foaming cups of ale
  The Berserks drank "Was-hael!
    To the Lord!"

                    _Henry Wadsworth Longfellow._


  Here is a thing that happened. Like wild beasts whelped, for den,
  In a wild part of North England, there lived once two wild men,
  Inhabiting one homestead, neither a hovel nor hut,
  Time out of mind their birthright: father and son, these,--but,--
  Such a son, such a father! Most wildness by degrees
  Softens away: yet, last of their line, the wildest and worst were

  Criminals, then? Why, no: they did not murder and rob;
  But give them a word, they returned a blow,--old Halbert as young
  Harsh and fierce of word, rough and savage of deed,
  Hated or feared the more--who knows?--the genuine wild-beast breed.

  Thus were they found by the few sparse folk of the country-side;
  But how fared each with other? E'en beasts couch, hide by hide.
  In a growling, grudged agreement: so father son lay curled
  The closelier up in their den because the last of their kind in the

  Still, beast irks beast on occasion. One Christmas night of snow,
  Came father and son to words--such words! more cruel because the blow
  To crown each word was wanting, while taunt matched gibe, and curse
  Competed with oath in wager, like pastime in hell,--nay, worse:
  For pastime turned to earnest, as up there sprang at last
  The son at the throat of the father, seized him, and held him fast.

  "Out of this house you go!"--there followed a hideous oath--
  "This oven where now we bake, too hot to hold us both!
  If there's snow outside, there's coolness: out with you, bide a spell
  In the drift, and save the sexton the charge of a parish shell!"

  Now, the old trunk was tough, was solid as stump of oak
  Untouched at the core by a thousand years: much less had its seventy
  One whipcord nerve in the muscly mass from neck to shoulder-blade
  Of the mountainous man, whereon his child's rash hand like a feather

  Nevertheless at once did the mammoth shut his eyes,
  Drop chin to breast, drop hands to sides, stand stiffened,--arms and
  All of a piece--struck mute, much as a sentry stands,
  Patient to take the enemy's fire: his captain so commands.

  Whereat the son's wrath flew to fury at such sheer scorn
  Of his puny strength by the giant eld thus acting the babe new-born:
  And "Neither will this turn serve!" yelled he. "Out with you! Trundle,
  If you cannot tramp and trudge like a man, try all-fours like a dog!"

  Still the old man stood mute. So, logwise,--down to floor
  Pulled from his fireside place, dragged on from hearth to door,--
  Was he pushed, a very log, staircase along, until
  A certain turn in the steps was reached, a yard from the house-door

  Then the father opened his eyes,--each spark of their rage extinct,--
  Temples, late black, dead-blanched, right-hand with left-hand
  He faced his son submissive; when slow the accents came,
  They were strangely mild though his son's rash hand on his neck lay
        all the same.

  "Halbert, on such a night of a Christmas long ago,
  For such a cause, with such a gesture, did I drag--so--
  My father down thus far: but, softening here, I heard
  A voice in my heart, and stopped: you wait for an outer word.

  "For your own sake, not mine, soften you too! Untrod
  Leave this last step we reach, nor brave the finger of God!
  I dared not pass its lifting: I did well. I nor blame
  Nor praise you. I stopped here: Halbert, do you the same!"

  Straightway the son relaxed his hold of the father's throat.
  They mounted, side by side, to the room again: no note
  Took either of each, no sign made each to either: last
  As first, in absolute silence, their Christmas-night they passed.

  At dawn, the father sate on, dead, in the selfsame place,
  With an outburst blackening still the old bad fighting-face:
  But the son crouched all a-tremble like any lamb new-yeaned.

  When he went to the burial, some one's staff he borrowed,--tottered
        and leaned.
  But his lips were loose, not locked,--kept muttering, mumbling. "There!
  At his cursing and swearing!" the youngsters cried; but the elders
        thought, "In prayer."

  A boy threw stones; he picked them up and stored them in his vest;
  So tottered, muttered, mumbled he, till he died, perhaps found rest.
  "Is there a reason in nature for these hard hearts?" O Lear,
  That a reason out of nature must turn them soft, seems clear!

                    _Robert Browning._


  Good King Wenceslas looked out,
    On the feast of Stephen,
  When the snow lay round about,
    Deep, and crisp, and even;
  Brightly shone the moon that night,
    Tho' the frost was cruel,
  When a poor man came in sight,
    Gathering winter fuel.

  "Hither, page, and stand by me,
    If thou know'st it, telling,
  Yonder peasant, who is he?
    Where and what his dwelling?"
  "Sire, he lives a good league hence,
    Underneath the mountain;
  Right against the forest fence,
    By Saint Agnes' fountain."

  "Bring me flesh, and bring me wine,
    Bring me pine-logs hither:
  Thou and I will see him dine,
    When we bear them thither."
  Page and monarch forth they went,
    Forth they went together
  Thro' the rude wind's wild lament
    And the bitter weather.

  "Sire, the night is darker now,
    And the wind blows stronger;
  Fails my heart, I know not how,
    I can go no longer."
  "Mark my footsteps, good my page;
    Tread thou in them boldly:
  Thou shalt find the winter's rage
    Freeze thy blood less coldly."

  In his master's steps he trod,
    Where the snow lay dinted;
  Heat was in the very sod
    Which the saint had printed.
  Therefore, Christian men, be sure,
    Wealth or rank possessing,
  Ye who now will bless the poor,
    Shall yourselves find blessing.

                    _Translated from the Latin, by J. M. Neale._


  Three kings went riding from the East
    Through fine weather and wet;
  "And whither shall we ride," they said,
    "Where we ha' not ridden yet?"

  "And whither shall we ride," they said,
    "To find the hidden thing
  That times the course of all our stars
    And all our auguring?"

  They were the Wise Men of the East,
    And none so wise as they;
  "Alas!" the King of Persia cried,
    "And must ye ride away?

  "Yet since ye go a-riding, sirs,
    I pray ye, ride for me,
  And carry me my golden gifts
    To the King o' Galilee.

  "Go riding into Palestine,
    A long ride and a fair!"
  "'Tis well!" the Mages answered him,
    "As well as anywhere!"

  They rode by day, they rode by night,
    The stars came out on high,--
  "And, oh!" said King Balthazar,
    As he gazed into the sky,

  "We ride by day, we ride by night,
    To a King in Galilee;
  We leave a king in Persia,
    And kings no less are we.

  "Yet often in the deep blue night,
    When stars burn far and dim,
  I wish I knew a greater King,
    To fall and worship him.

  "A king who should not care to reign,
    But wonderful and fair;
  A king--a king that were a star
    Aloft in miles of air!"

  "A star is good," said Melchior,
    "A high, unworldly thing;
  But I would choose a soul alive
    To be my Lord and King.

  "Not Herod, nay, nor Cyrus, nay,
    Not any king at all;
  For I would choose a new-born child
    Laid in a manger-stall."

  "'Tis well," the black King Casper cried,
    "For mighty men are ye;
  But no such humble king were meet
    For my simplicity.

  "A star is small and very far,
    A babe's a simple thing;
  The very Son of God himself
    Shall be my Lord and King!"

  Then smiled the King Balthazar;
    "A good youth!" Melchior cried;
  And young and old, without a word,
    Along the hills they ride,

  Till, lo! among the western skies
    There grows a shining thing--
  "The star! Behold the star," they shout;
    "Behold Balthazar's King!"

  And, lo! within the western skies
    The star begins to flit;
  The three kings spur their horses on,
    And follow after it.

  And when they reach the king's palace,
    They cry, "Behold the place!"
  But, like a shining bird, the star
    Flits on in heaven apace.

  Oh they rode on, and on they rode,
    Till they reached a lonely wold,
  Where shepherds keep their flocks by night,
    And the night was chill and cold.

  Oh they rode on, and on they rode,
    Till they reach a little town,
  And there the star in heaven stands still
    Above a stable brown.

  The town is hardly a village,
    The stable's old and poor,
  But there the star in heaven stands still
    Above the stable door.

  And through the open door, the straw
    And the tired beasts they see;
  And the Babe, laid in a manger,
    That sleepeth peacefully.

  "All hail, the King of Melchior!"
    The three Wise Men begin;
  King Melchior swings from off his horse,
    And he would have entered in.

  But why do the horses whinny and neigh?
    And what thing fills the night
  With wheeling spires of angels,
    And streams of heavenly light?

  Above the stable roof they turn
    And hover in a ring,
  And "Glory be to God on high
    And peace on earth," they sing.

  King Melchior kneels upon the grass
    And falls a-praying there;
  Balthazar lets the bridle drop,
    And gazes in the air.

  But Casper gives a happy shout,
    And hastens to the stall;
  "Now, hail!" he cries, "thou Son of God,
    And Saviour of us all."

                    _A. Mary F. Robinson._


  The sheets were frozen hard, and they cut the naked hand;
  The decks were like a slide, where a seaman scarce could stand;
  The wind was a nor'wester, blowing squally off the sea;
  And cliffs and spouting breakers were the only things a-lee.

  They heard the surf a-roaring before the break of day;
  But 'twas only with the peep of light we saw how ill we lay.
  We tumbled every hand on deck instanter, with a shout,
  And we gave her the maintops'l, and stood by to go about.

  All day we tacked and tacked between the South Head and the North;
  All day we hauled the frozen sheets, and got no further forth;
  All day as cold as charity, in bitter pain and dread,
  For very life and nature, we tacked from head to head.

  We gave the South a wider berth, for there the tide-race roared;
  But every tack we made we brought the North Head close aboard;
  So's we saw the cliffs and houses, and the breakers running high,
  And the coast-guard in his garden, with his glass against his eye.

  The frost was on the village roofs as white as ocean foam;
  The good red fires were burning bright in every 'longshore home;
  The windows sparkled clear, and the chimneys volleyed out;
  And I vow we sniffed the victuals as the vessel went about.

  The bells upon the church were rung with a mighty jovial cheer;
  For it's just that I should tell you how (of all days in the year)
  This day of our adversity was blessed Christmas morn,
  And the house above the coast-guard's was the house where I was born.

  Oh, well I saw the pleasant room, the pleasant faces there,
  My mother's silver spectacles, my father's silver hair;
  And well I saw the firelight, like a flight of homely elves,
  Go dancing round the china plates that stand upon the shelves.

  And well I knew the talk they had, the talk that was of me,
  Of the shadow on the household, and the son that went to sea;
  And, oh, the wicked fool I seemed, in every kind of way,
  To be here and hauling frozen ropes on blessed Christmas Day.

  They lit the high sea-light, and the dark began to fall.
  "All hands to loose topgallant sails!" I heard the captain call.
  "By the Lord, she'll never stand it," our first mate, Jackson, cried.
  ... "It's the one way or the other, Mr. Jackson," he replied.

  She staggered to her bearings, but the sails were new and good,
  And the ship smelt up to windward just as though she understood.
  As the winter's day was ending, in the entry of the night,
  We cleared the weary headland, and passed below the light.

  And they heaved a mighty breath, every soul on board but me,
  As they saw her nose again pointing handsome out to sea;
  But all that I could think of, in the darkness and the cold,
  Was just that I was leaving home and my folks were growing old.

                    _Robert Louis Stevenson._



  Last Christmas was a year ago
  Says I to David, I-says-I,
  "We're goin' to mornin' service, so
  You hitch up right away: I'll try
  To tell the girls jes what to do
  Fer dinner. We'll be back by two."
  I didn't wait to hear what he
  Would more'n like say back to me,
  But banged the stable-door and flew
  Back to the house, jes plumb chilled through.

  Cold! _Wooh!_ how cold it was! My-oh!
  Frost flyin', and the air, you know--
  "Jes sharp enough," heerd David swear,
  "To shave a man and cut his hair!"
  And blow _and_ blow! and _snow_ and SNOW,
  Where it had drifted 'long the fence
  And 'crost the road,--some places, though,
  Jes swep' clean to the gravel, so
  The goin' was as bad fer sleighs
  As 't was fer wagons,--and _both_ ways,
  'Twixt snow-drifts and the bare ground, I've
  Jes wondered we got through alive;
  I hain't saw nothin' 'fore er sence
  'At beat it _anywheres_ I know--
  Last Christmas was a year ago.

  And David said, as we set out,
  'At Christmas services was 'bout
  As cold and wuthless kind o' love
  To offer up as _he_ knowed of;
  And, as fer _him_, he railly thought
  'At the Good Bein' up above
  Would think more of us--as he ought--
  A-stayin' home on sich a day
  And thankin' of him thataway.
  And jawed on in an undertone,
  'Bout leavin' Lide and Jane alone
  There on the place, and me not there
  To oversee 'em, and p'pare
  The stuffin' for the turkey, and
  The sass and all, you understand.

  I've always managed David by
  Jes sayin' nothin'. That was why
  He'd chased Lide's beau away--'cause Lide
  She'd allus take up Perry's side
  When David tackled him; and so,
  Last Christmas was a year ago,--
  Er ruther 'bout a week _afore_,--
  David and Perry'd quarr'l'd about
  Some tom-fool argyment, you know,
  And pap told him to "Jes git out
  O' there, and not to come no more,
  And, when he went, to _shet the door!_"
  And as he passed the winder, we
  Saw Perry, white as white could be,
  March past, onhitch his hoss, and light
  A _see_-gyar, and lope out o' sight.
  Then Lide she come to me and cried.
  And I said nothin'--was no need.
  And yit, you know, that man jes got
  Right out o' there's ef he'd be'n shot--
  P'tendin' he must go and feed
  The stock er somepin'. Then I tried
  To git the pore girl pacified.

  But gittin' back to--where was we?--
  Oh, yes--where David lectered me
  All way to meetin', high and low,
  Last Christmas was a year ago.
  Fer all the awful cold, they was
  A fair attendunce; mostly, though,
  The crowd was 'round the stoves, you see,
  Thawin' their heels and scrougin' us.
  Ef't 'adn't be'n fer the old Squire
  Givin' his seat to us, as in
  We stompted, a-fairly perishin',
  And David could 'a' got no fire,
  He'd jes 'a' drapped there in his tracks.
  And Squire, as I was tryin' to yit
  Make room fer him, says, "No; the facks
  Is I got to git up and git
  'Ithout no preachin'. Jes got word--
  Trial fer life--can't be deferred!"
  And out he put. And all way through
  The sermont--and a long one, too--
  I couldn't he'p but think o' Squire
  And us changed round so, and admire
  His gintle ways--to give his warm
  Bench up, and have to face the storm.
  And when I noticed David he
  Was needin' jabbin', I thought best
  To kind o' sort o' let him rest--
  'Peared like he slep' so peacefully!
  And then I thought o' home, and how
  And what the girls was doin' now,
  And kind o' prayed, 'way in my breast,
  And breshed away a tear er two
  As David waked, and church was through.

  By time we'd "howdyed" round, and shuck
  Hands with the neighbors, must 'a' tuck
  A half-hour longer: ever' one
  A-sayin' "Christmas-gift!" afore
  David er me--so we got none.
  But David warmed up, more and more,
  And got so jokey-like, and had
  His sperits up, and 'peared so glad,
  I whispered to him, "S'pose you ast
  A passel of 'em come and eat
  Their dinners with us.--Girls 's got
  A full-and-plenty fer the lot
  And all their kin." So David passed
  The invite round. And ever' seat
  In ever' wagon-bed and sleigh
  Was jes _packed_, as we rode away--
  The young folks, mild er so along,
  A-strikin' up a sleighin' song.
  Tel David laughed and yelled, you know,
  And jes whirped up and sent the snow
  And gravel flyin' thick and fast--
  Last Christmas was a year ago.
  W'y, that-air seven-mild ja'nt we come--
  Jes seven mild scant from church to home--
  It didn't 'pear, that day, to be
  Much furder railly 'n 'bout three.

  But I was purty squeamish by
  The time home hove in sight and I
  See two _ve_hickles standin' there
  Already. So says I, "Prepare!"
  All to myse'f. And presently
  David he sobered; and says he,
  "Hain't that-air Squire Hanch's old
  Buggy," he says, "and claybank mare?"
  Says I, "Le's git in out the cold--
  Your company's nigh 'bout froze." He says,
  "Whose sleigh's that-air a-standin' there?"
  Says I, "It's no odds whose--you jes
  Drive to the house and let us out,
  'Cause we're jes freezin', nigh about."
  Well, David swung up to the door
  And out we piled. At first I heerd
  Jane's voice; then _Lide's_--I thought afore
  I reached that girl I'd jes die, shore;
  And _when_ I reached her, wouldn't keered
  Much ef I had, I was so glad,
  A-kissin' her through my green veil,
  And jes excitin' her so bad
  'At _she_ broke down, _herse'f_--and Jane
  _She_ cried--and we all hugged again.
  And David--David jes turned pale!--
  Looked at the girls and then at me,
  Then at the open door--and then
  "Is old Squire Hanch in there?" says he.
  The old Squire suddently stood in
  The doorway, with a sneakin' grin.
  "Is Perry Anders in there, too?"
  Says David, limberin' all through,
  As Lide and me both grabbed him, and
  Perry stepped out and waved his hand
  And says, "Yes, pap." And David jes
  Stooped and kissed Lide, and says, "I guess
  Your mother's much to blame as you.
  Ef _she_ kin resk him, _I kin_ too."

  The dinner we had then hain't no
  Bit better'n the one to-day
  'At we'll have fer 'em. Hear some sleigh
  A-jinglin' now.--David, fer _me_,
  I wish you'd jes go out and see
  Ef they're in sight yit. It jes does
  Me good to think, in times like these,
  Lide's done so well. And David he's
  More tractabler 'n what he was
  Last Christmas was a year ago.

                    _James Whitcomb Riley._

_As It Fell Upon A Day._

  "A handsome hostess, merry host,
  A pot of ale and now a toast,
  Tobacco, and a good coal-fire,
  Are things this season doth require."

                    _Poor Robin._

[Illustration: Ready for the Feast]


  So, now is come our joyful'st feast,
    Let every man be jolly;
  Each room with ivy-leaves is drest,
    And every post with holly.
  Though some churls at our mirth repine,
  Round your foreheads garlands twine;
  Drown sorrow in a cup of wine,
      And let us all be merry.

  Now all our neighbors' chimneys smoke,
    And Christmas logs are burning;
  Their ovens they with baked meats choke,
    And all their spits are turning.
  Without the door let sorrow lie;
  And if for cold it hap to die,
  We'll bury 't in a Christmas-pie,
      And evermore be merry.

  Now every lad is wondrous trim,
    And no man minds his labor;
  Our lasses have provided them
    A bagpipe and a tabor;
  Young men and maids, and girls and boys,
  Give life to one another's joys;
  And you anon shall by their noise
      Perceive that they are merry.

  Rank misers now do sparing shun;
    Their hall of music soundeth;
  And dogs thence with whole shoulders run,
    So all things there aboundeth.
  The country folks themselves advance
  For crowdy-mutton's come out of France;
  And Jack shall pipe, and Jill shall dance,
      And all the town be merry.

  Ned Squash has fetched his bands from pawn,
    And all his best apparel;
  Brisk Ned hath bought a ruff of lawn
    With droppings of the barrel;
  And those that hardly all the year
  Had bread to eat or rags to wear
  Will have both clothes and dainty fare,
      And all the day be merry.

  Now poor men to the justices
    With capons make their arrants;
  And if they hap to fail of these,
    They plague them with their warrants:
  But now they feed them with good cheer,
  And what they want they take in beer;
  For Christmas comes but once a year,
      And then they shall be merry.

  Good farmers in the country nurse
    The poor that else were undone;
  Some landlords spend their money worse
    On lust and pride at London.
  There the roysters they do play,
  Drab and dice their lands away,
  Which may be ours another day;
      And therefore let's be merry.

  The client now his suit forbears,
    The prisoner's heart is eased;
  The debtor drinks away his cares,
    And for the time is pleased.
  Though other purses be more fat,
  Why should we pine or grieve at that?
  Hang sorrow! care will kill a cat,
      And therefore let's be merry.

  Hark! how the wags abroad do call
    Each other forth to rambling:
  Anon you'll see them in the hall
    For nuts and apples scrambling.
  Hark! how the roofs with laughter sound!
  Anon they'll think the house goes round:
  For they the cellar's depth have found,
      And there they will be merry.

  The wenches with their wassail bowls,
    About the streets are singing;
  The boys are come to catch the owls,
    The wild mare in is bringing.
  Our kitchen-boy hath broke his box,
  And to the dealing of the ox
  Our honest neighbors come by flocks,
      And here they will be merry.

  Now kings and queens poor sheep-cotes have,
    And mate with everybody;
  The honest now may play the knave,
    And wise men play at noddy.
  Some youths will now a mumming go,
  Some others play at Rowland-ho,
  And twenty other gameboys mo,
      Because they will be merry.

  Then wherefore in these merry days,
    Should we, I pray, be duller?
  No, let us sing some roundelays
    To make our mirth the fuller.
  And, whilst thus inspired, we sing,
  Let all the streets with echoes ring,
  Woods, and hills, and everything
      Bear witness we are merry.

                    _George Wither._



  Come, guard this night the Christmas-pie,
  That the thief, though ne'er so sly,
  With his flesh-hooks, don't come nigh
                        To catch it,

  From him, who alone sits there,
  Having his eyes still in his ear,
  And a deal of nightly fear
                        To watch it!


  Wash your hands, or else the fire
  Will not teend[D] to your desire;
  Unwashed hands, ye maidens, know,
  Dead the fire, though ye blow.

                    _Robert Herrick._


[D] Burn.


  O you merry, merry Souls,
    Christmas is a-coming,
  We shall have flowing bowls,
    Dancing, piping, drumming.

  Delicate minced pies
    To feast every virgin,
  Capon and goose likewise,
    Brawn and a dish of sturgeon.

  Then, for your Christmas box,
    Sweet plum-cakes and money,
  Delicate Holland smocks,
    Kisses sweet as honey.

  Hey for the Christmas ball,
    Where we shall be jolly
  Jigging short and tall,
    Kate, Dick, Ralph, and Molly.

  Then to the hop we'll go
    Where we'll jig and caper;
  Maidens all-a-row;
    Will shall pay the scraper.

  Hodge shall dance with Prue,
    Keeping time with kisses;
  We'll have a jovial crew
    Of sweet smirking misses.

                    _Round About Our Coal Fire._

[Illustration The Baron's Hall]


  The damsel donned her kirtle sheen;
  The hall was dressed with holly green;
  Forth to the wood did merry-men go
  To gather in the mistletoe.
  Then opened wide the baron's hall
  To vassal, tenant, serf, and all;
  Power laid his rod of rule aside,
  And ceremony doffed his pride.
  The heir, with roses in his shoes,
  That night might village partner choose;
  The lord underogating share
  The vulgar game of post-and-pair.
  All hailed with uncontrolled delight
  And general voice, the happy night,
  That to the cottage as the crown
  Brought tidings of salvation down.
  The fire with well-dried logs supplied
  Went roaring up the chimney wide;
  The huge hall-table's oaken face,
  Scrubbed till it shone, the day to grace,
  Bore then upon its massive board
  No mark to part the squire and lord.
  Then was brought in the lusty brawn
  By old blue-coated serving-man;
  Then the grim boar's head frowned on high,
  Crested with bay and rosemary.
  Well can the green-garbed ranger tell
  How, when, and where the monster fell;
  What dogs before his death he tore,
  And all the baiting of the boar.
  The wassail round, in good brown bowls,
  Garnished with ribbons blithely trowls.
  There the huge sirloin reeked; hard by
  Plum-porridge stood and Christmas-pie;
  Nor failed old Scotland to produce
  At such high tide her savory goose.
  Then came the merry masquers in
  And carols roared with blithesome din;
  If unmelodious was the song,
  It was a hearty note and strong.
  Who lists may in their mumming see
  Traces of ancient mystery.
  While shirts supplied the masquerade,
  And smutted cheeks the visors made:
  But, oh! what masquers richly dight
  Can boast of bosoms half so light!
  England was merry England when
  Old Christmas brought his sports again.
  'Twas Christmas broached the mightiest ale,
  'Twas Christmas told the merriest tale;
  A Christmas gambol oft would cheer
  The poor man's heart through half the year.

                    _Sir Walter Scott._


    Come, bring with a noise,
    My merry, merry boys,
  The Christmas-log to the firing,
    While my good dame, she
    Bids ye all be free,
  And drink to your heart's desiring.

    With the last year's brand
    Light the new block, and,
  For good success in his spending,
    On your psalteries play,
    That sweet luck may
  Come while the log is a-teending.[E]

    Drink now the strong beer,
    Cut the white loaf here,
  The while the meat is a-shredding;
    For the rare mince-pie
    And the plums stand by,
  To fill the paste that's a-kneading.

                    _Robert Herrick._


[E] Burning.


              _Caput apri defero_
              _Reddens laudes domino._
  The boar's head in hand bring I,
  With garlands gay and rosemary;
  I pray you all sing merrily
              _Qui estis in convivio._

  The boar's head, I understand,
  Is the chief service in this land;
  Look, wherever it be fand,
              _Servite cum cantico._

  Be glad, lords, both more and less,
    For this hath ordained our steward
  To cheer you all this Christmas,
    The boar's head with mustard.

                    _Ritson's Ancient Songs._



  The boar's head in hand bear I,
  Bedecked with bays and rosemary;
  And I pray you, my masters, be merry,
                _Quot estis in convivio._
                _Caput apri defero_
                _Reddens laudes domino._

  The boar's head, as I understand,
  Is the rarest dish in all this land,
  Which thus bedeck'd with a gay garland
                _Let us servire cantico._
                _Caput apri defero_
                _Reddens laudes domino._

  Our steward hath provided this
  In honor of the King of bliss;
  Which on this day to be served is
                _In Reginensi Atrio._
                _Caput apri defero_
                _Reddens laudes domino._



  The boar is dead,
  So, here is his head;
    What man could have done more
  Than his head off to strike,
    And bring it as I do before.

  He living spoiled
  Where good men toiled,
    Which made kind Ceres sorry;
  But now dead and drawn
  Is very good brawn,
    And we have brought it for ye.

  Then set down the swineyard,
  The foe to the vineyard,
    Let Bacchus crown his fall;
  Let this boar's head and mustard
  Stand for pig, goose, and custard,
    And so ye are welcome all.


  Maids, get up and bake your pies,
    Bake your pies, bake your pies;
  Maids, get up and bake your pies,
    'Tis Christmas day in the morning.

  See the ships all sailing by,
    Sailing by, sailing by;
  See the ships all sailing by
    On Christmas day in the morning.

  Dame, what made your ducks to die,
    Ducks to die, ducks to die;
  Dame, what made your ducks to die
    On Christmas day in the morning?

  You let your lazy maidens lie,
    Maidens lie, maidens lie;
  You let your lazy maidens lie
    On Christmas day in the morning.

                    _Bishoprick Garland, A.D. 1834._



  All hail to the days that merit more praise
    Than all the rest of the year,
  And welcome the nights that double delights
    As well for the poor as the peer!
  Good fortune attend each merry-man's friend,
    That doth but the best that he may;
  Forgetting old wrongs, with carols and songs,
    To drive the cold winter away.

  Let Misery pack, with a whip at his back,
    To the deep Tantalian flood;
  In Lethe profound let envy be drown'd,
    That pines at another man's good;
  Let Sorrow's expense be banded from hence,
    All payments have greater delay,
  We'll spend the long nights in cheerful delights
    To drive the cold winter away.

  'Tis ill for a mind to anger inclined
    To think of small injuries now;
  If wrath be to seek, do not lend her thy cheek,
    Nor let her inhabit thy brow,
  Cross out of thy books malevolent looks,
    Both beauty and youth's decay,
  And wholly consort with mirth and with sport
    To drive the cold winter away.

  The court in all state now opens her gate
    And gives a free welcome to most;
  The city likewise, tho' somewhat precise,
    Doth willingly part with her roast:
  But yet by report from city and court
    The country will e'er gain the day;
  More liquor is spent and with better content
    To drive the cold winter away.

  Our good gentry there for costs do not spare,
    The yeomanry fast not till Lent;
  The farmers and such think nothing too much,
    If they keep but to pay for their rent.
  The poorest of all now do merrily call,
    When at a fit place they can stay,
  For a song or a tale or a cup of good ale
    To drive the cold winter away.

  Thus none will allow of solitude now
    But merrily greets the time,
  To make it appear of all the whole year
    That this is accounted the prime:
  December is seen apparell'd in green,
    And January fresh as May
  Comes dancing along with a cup and a song
    To drive the cold winter away.


  This time of the year is spent in good cheer,
    And neighbors together do meet
  To sit by the fire, with friendly desire,
    Each other in love to greet;
  Old grudges forgot are put in the pot,
    All sorrows aside they lay;
  The old and the young doth carol this song
    To drive the cold winter away.

  Sisley and Nanny, more jocund than any,
    As blithe as the month of June,
  Do carol and sing like birds of the spring,
    No nightingale sweeter in tune;
  To bring in content, when summer is spent,
    In pleasant delight and play,
  With mirth and good cheer to end the whole year,
    And drive the cold winter away.

  The shepherd, the swain, do highly disdain
    To waste out their time in care;
  And Clim of the Clough hath plenty enough
    If he but a penny can spare
  To spend at the night, in joy and delight,
    Now after his labor all day;
  For better than lands is the help of his hands
    To drive the cold winter away.

  To mask and to mum kind neighbors will come
    With wassails of nut-brown ale,
  To drink and carouse to all in the house
    As merry as bucks in the dale;
  Where cake, bread, and cheese are brought for your fees
    To make you the longer stay;
  At the fire to warm 'twill do you no harm,
    To drive the cold winter away.

  When Christmas's tide comes in like a bride
    With holly and ivy clad,
  Twelve days in the year much mirth and good cheer
    In every household is had;
  The country guise is then to devise
    Some gambols of Christmas play,
  Whereat the young men do best that they can
    To drive the cold winter away.

  When white-bearded frost hath threatened his worst,
    And fallen from branch and brier,
  Then time away calls from husbandry halls
    And from the good countryman's fire,
  Together to go to plough and to sow,
    To get us both food and array,
  And thus with content the time we have spent
    To drive the cold winter away.


  Now winter nights enlarge
    The number of their hours,
  And clouds their storms discharge
    Upon the airy towers.
  Let now the chimneys blaze,
    And cups o'erflow with wine;
  Let well-tuned words amaze
    With harmony divine.
  Now yellow waxen lights
    Shall wait on honey love,
  While youthful revels, masques, and courtly sights
    Sleep's leaden spells remove.

  The time doth well dispense
    With lovers' long discourse;
  Much speech hath some defence,
    Though beauty no remorse.
  All do not all things well:
    Some, measures comely tread,
  Some, knotted riddles tell,
    Some, poems smoothly read.
  The summer hath his joys,
    And winter his delights;
  Though love and all his pleasures are but toys,
    They shorten tedious nights.

                    _Thomas Campion._


  To shorten winter's sadness,
  See where the nymphs with gladness
  Disguised all are coming,
  Right wantonly a-mumming.
                      Fa la.

  Whilst youthful sports are lasting,
  To feasting turn our fasting;
  With revels and with wassails
  Make grief and care our vassals.
                      Fa la.

  For youth it well beseemeth
  That pleasure he esteemeth;
  And sullen age is hated
  That mirth would have abated.
                      Fa la.

                    _Thomas Weelkes, A.D. 1597._


  At Francis Allen's on the Christmas eve,--
  The game of forfeits done--the girls all kissed
  Beneath the sacred bush and past away,--
  The parson Holmes, the poet Everard Hall,
  The host, and I sat round the wassail-bowl,
  Then half-way ebbed: and there we held a talk,
  How all the old honor had from Christmas gone,
  Or gone, or dwindled down to some odd games
  In some odd nooks like this; till I, tired out
  With cutting eights that day upon the pond,
  Where, three times slipping from the outer edge,
  I bumped the ice into three several stars,
  Fell in a doze; and, half-awake, I heard
  The parson taking wide and wider sweeps,
  Now harping on the church-commissioners,
  Now hawking at geology and schism;
  Until I woke, and found him settled down
  Upon the general decay of faith
  Right through the world; "at home was little left,
  And none abroad; there was no anchor, none,
  To hold by." Francis, laughing, clapt his hand
  On Everard's shoulder with, "I hold by him."
  "And I," quoth Everard, "by the wassail-bowl."
  "Why, yes," I said, "we knew your gift that way
  At college; but another which you had,
  I mean of verse (for so we held it then),
  What came of that?" "You know," said Frank, "he burnt
  His epic, his King Arthur, some twelve books,"--
  And then to me demanding why? "Oh, sir,
  He thought that nothing new was said, or else
  Something so said 'twas nothing--that a truth
  Looks freshest in the fashion of the day:
  God knows, he has a mint of reasons: ask.
  It pleased _me_ well enough." "Nay, nay," said Hall,
  "Why take the style of those heroic times?
  For nature brings not back the mastodon,
  Nor we those times; and why should any man
  Remodel models? These twelve books of mine
  Were faint Homeric echoes, nothing-worth,
  Mere chaff and draff, much better burnt." "But I,"
  Said Francis, "picked the eleventh from this hearth,
  And have it: keep a thing, its use will come.
  I hoard it as a sugar-plum for Holmes."
  He laughed, and I, though sleepy, like a horse
  That hears the corn-bin open, pricked my ears;
  For I remembered Everard's college fame
  When we were freshmen: then, at my request,
  He brought it; and the poet, little urged,
  But, with some prelude of disparagement,
  Read, mouthing out his hollow oes and aes,
  Deep-chested music, and to this result:


  So all day long the noise of battle rolled
  Among the mountains by the winter sea;
  Until King Arthur's table, man by man,
  Had fallen in Lyonesse about their Lord,
  King Arthur: then, because his wound was deep,
  The bold Sir Bedivere uplifted him,
  Sir Bedivere, the last of all his knights,
  And bore him to a chapel nigh the field,
  A broken chancel with a broken cross,
  That stood on a dark strait of barren land.
  On one side lay the ocean, and on one
  Lay a great water, and the moon was full.
    Then spake King Arthur to Sir Bedivere:
  "The sequel of to-day unsolders all
  The goodliest fellowship of famous knights
  Whereof this world holds record. Such a sleep
  They sleep--the men I loved. I think that we
  Shall nevermore, at any future time,
  Delight our souls with talk of knightly deeds,
  Walking about the gardens and the halls
  Of Camelot, as in the days that were.
  I perish by this people which I made,--
  Tho' Merlin sware that I should come again
  To rule once more,--but let what will be, be,
  I am so deeply smitten thro' the helm
  That without help I cannot last till morn.
  Thou, therefore, take my brand, Excalibur,
  Which was my pride: for thou rememberest how
  In those old days, one summer noon, an arm
  Rose up from out the bosom of the lake,
  Clothed in white samite, mystic, wonderful,
  Holding the sword--and how I rowed across
  And took it, and have worn it, like a king:
  And, whensoever I am sung or told
  In after time, this also shall be known:
  But now delay not: take Excalibur
  And fling him far into the middle mere:
  Watch what thou seest, and lightly bring me word."
    To him replied the bold Sir Bedivere:
  "It is not meet, Sir King, to leave thee thus,
  Aidless, alone, and smitten through the helm.
  A little thing may harm a wounded man,
  Yet I thy hest will all perform at full,
  Watch what I see, and lightly bring thee word."
    So saying, from the ruined shrine he stept
  And in the moon athwart the place of tombs,
  Where lay the mighty bones of ancient men,
  Old knights, and over them the sea-wind sang
  Shrill, chill, with flakes of foam. He, stepping down
  By zigzag paths and juts of pointed rock,
  Came on the shining levels of the lake.
  There drew he forth the brand Excalibur,
  And o'er him, drawing it, the winter moon
  Brightening the skirts of a long cloud, ran forth
  And sparkled keen with frost against the hilt:
  For all the haft twinkled with diamond sparks,
  Myriads of topaz-lights and jacinth-work
  Of subtlest jewelry. He gazed so long
  That both his eyes were dazzled, as he stood,
  This way and that dividing the swift mind,
  In act to throw: but at the last it seemed
  Better to leave Excalibur concealed
  There in the many-knotted water-flags
  That whistled stiff and dry about the marge.
  So strode he back slow to the wounded King.
    Then spake King Arthur to Sir Bedivere:
  "Hast thou performed my mission which I gave?
  What is it thou hast seen? or what hast heard?"
    And answer made the bold Sir Bedivere:
  "I heard the ripple washing in the reeds,
  And the wild water lapping on the crag."
    To whom replied King Arthur, faint and pale:
  "Thou hast betrayed thy nature and thy name,
  Not rendering true answer, as beseemed
  Thy fealty, nor like a noble knight:
  For surer sign had followed, either hand,
  Or voice, or else a motion of the mere.
  This is a shameful thing for men to lie.
  Yet now, I charge thee, quickly go again
  As thou art lief and dear, and do the thing
  I bad thee, watch, and lightly bring me word."
    Then went Sir Bedivere the second time
  Across the ridge and paced beside the mere,
  Counting the dewy pebbles, fixed in thought;
  But when he saw the wonder of the hilt,
  How curiously and strangely chased, he smote
  His palms together, and he cried aloud,
  "And if, indeed, I cast the brand away,
  Surely a precious thing, one worthy note,
  Should thus be lost forever from the earth,
  Which might have pleased the eyes of many men.
  What good should follow this, if this were done?
  What harm, undone? deep harm to disobey,
  Seeing obedience is the bond of rule.
  Were it well to obey then, if a king demand
  An act unprofitable against himself?"

         *       *       *       *       *

  So spake he, clouded with his own conceit,
  And hid Excalibur the second time,
  And so strode back slow to the wounded King.
    Then spoke King Arthur, breathing heavily:
  "What is it thou hast seen? or what hast heard?"
    And answer made the bold Sir Bedivere:
  "I heard the water lapping on the crag,
  And the long ripple washing in the reeds."
    To whom replied King Arthur much in wrath:
  "Ah, miserable and unkind, untrue,
  Unknightly, traitor-hearted! Woe is me!
  Authority forgets a dying king,
  Laid widowed of the power of his eye
  That bowed the will. I see thee what thou art;
  For thou, the latest left of all my knights,
  In whom should meet the offices of all,
  Thou wouldst betray me for the precious hilt;
  Either from lust of gold, or like a girl
  Valuing the giddy pleasure of the eyes.
  Yet, for a man may fail in duty twice,
  And the third time may prosper, get thee hence;
  But, if thou spare to fling Excalibur,
  I will arise and slay thee with my hands."
    Then quickly rose Sir Bedivere and ran,
  And, leaping down the ridges lightly, plunged
  Among the bulrush-beds, and clutched the sword
  And strongly wheeled and threw it. The great brand
  Made lightnings in the splendor of the moon,
  And flashing round and round, and whirled in an arch,
  Shot like a streamer of the northern morn,
  Seen where the moving isles of winter shock
  By night, with noises of the northern sea,
  So flashed and fell the brand Excalibur:
  But ere he dipt the surface, rose an arm
  Clothed in white samite, mystic, wonderful,
  And caught him by the hilt and brandished him
  Three times, and drew him under in the mere.
  And lightly went the other to the King.

         *       *       *       *       *

  Here ended Hall, and our last light, that long
  Had winked, and threatened darkness, flared and fell:
  At which the Parson, sent to sleep with sound,
  And waked with silence, grunted "Good!" but we
  Sat rapt: it was the tone with which he read--
  Perhaps some modern touches here and there
  Redeemed it from the charge of nothingness--
  Or else we loved the man, and prized his work;
  I know not; but we sitting as I said,
  The cock crew loud; as at that time of year
  The lusty bird takes every hour for dawn:
  Then Francis, muttering, like a man ill-used,
  "There now--that's nothing!" drew a little back,
  And drove his heel into the smouldered log,
  That sent a blast of sparkles up the flue:
  And so to bed; where yet in sleep I seemed
  To sail with Arthur under looming shores,
  Point after point; till on to dawn, when dreams
  Begin to feel the truth and stir of day,
  To me, methought, who waited with a crowd,
  Then came a bark that, blowing forward, bore
  King Arthur, like a modern gentleman
  Of stateliest port; and all the people cried,
  "Arthur is come again: he cannot die."
  Then those that stood upon the hills behind
  Repeated "Come again, and thrice as fair;"
  And, further inland, voices echoed, "Come
  With all good things, and war shall be no more."
  At this a hundred bells began to peal,
  That with the sound I woke, and heard indeed
  The clear church-bells ring in the Christmas morn.

                    _Lord Tennyson._


  For sports, for pageantries, and plays,
  Thou hast thy eves and holidays
  On which the young men and maids meet
  To exercise their dancing feet,
  Tripping the comely country-round,
  With daffodils and daisies crowned.
  Thy wakes, thy quintals, here thou hast,
  Thy May-poles, too, with garlands graced,
  Thy morris-dance, thy Whitsun-ale,
  Thy shearing-feast, which never fail,
  Thy harvest home, thy wassail-bowl,
  That's tossed up after fox-i'-th'-hole,
  Thy mummeries, thy Twelfthtide kings
  And queens, thy Christmas revellings,
  Thy nut-brown mirth, thy russet wit,
  And no man pays too dear for it.

  O happy life! if that their good
  The husbandmen but understood,
  Who all the day themselves do please
  And younglings with such sports as these,
  And, lying down, have naught t' affright
  Sweet sleep, that makes more short the night.

                    _Robert Herrick._


  Christmas comes! He comes, he comes,
  Ushered with a rain of plums;
  Hollies in the windows greet him;
  Schools come driving post to meet him;
  Gifts precede him, bells proclaim him,
  Every mouth delights to name him;
  Wet, and cold, and wind, and dark
  Make him but the warmer mark;
  And yet he comes not one-embodied,
  Universal's the blithe godhead,
  And in every festal house
  Presence hath ubiquitous.
  Curtains, those snug room-enfolders,
  Hang upon his million shoulders,
  And he has a million eyes
  Of fire, and eats a million pies,
  And is very merry and wise;
  Very wise and very merry,
  And loves a kiss beneath the berry.
  Then full many a shape hath he,
  All in said ubiquity:
  Now is he a green array,
  And now an "eve," and now a "day;"
  Now he's town gone _out_ of town,
  And now a feast in civic gown,
  And now the pantomime and clown
  With a crack upon the crown,
  And all sorts of tumbles down;
  And then he's music in the night,
  And the money gotten by't:
  He's a man that can't write verses,
  Bringing some to ope your purses:
  He's a turkey, he's a goose,
  He's oranges unfit for use;
  He's a kiss that loves to grow
  Underneath the mistletoe;
  And he's forfeits, cards, and wassails,
  And a king and queen with vassals,
  All the "quizzes" of the time
  Drawn and quarter'd with a rhyme;
  And then, for their revival's sake,
  Lo! he's an enormous cake,
  With a sugar on the top,
  Seen before in many a shop,
  Where the boys could gaze forever,
  They think the cake so very clever.
  Then, some morning, in the lurch
  Leaving romps, he goes to church,
  Looking very grave and thankful,
  After which he's just as prankful.
  Now a saint, and now a sinner,
  But, above all, he's a dinner;
  He's a dinner, where you see
  Everybody's family;
  Beef, and pudding, and mince-pies,
  And little boys with laughing eyes,
  Whom their seniors ask arch questions,
  Feigning fears of indigestions
  As if they, forsooth, the old ones,
  Hadn't, privately, tenfold ones:
  He's a dinner and a fire,
  Heap'd beyond your heart's desire,--
  Heap'd with log, and bak'd with coals,
  Till it roasts your very souls,
  And your cheek the fire outstares,
  And you all push back your chairs,
  And the mirth becomes too great,
  And you all sit up too late,
  Nodding all with too much head,
  And so go off to too much bed.

  O plethora of beef and bliss!
  Monkish feaster, sly of kiss!
  Southern soul in body Dutch!
  Glorious time of great Too-Much!
  Too much heat and too much noise,
  Too much babblement of boys;
  Too much eating, too much drinking,
  Too much ev'rything but thinking;
  Solely bent to laugh and stuff,
  And trample upon base Enough.
  Oh, right is thy instructive praise
  Of the wealth of Nature's ways!
  Right thy most unthrifty glee,
  And pious thy mince-piety!
  For, behold! great Nature's self
  Builds her no abstemious shelf,
  But provides (her love is such
  For all) her own great, good Too-Much,--
  Too much grass, and too much tree,
  Too much air, and land, and sea,
  Too much seed of fruit and flower,
  And fish, an unimagin'd dower!
  (In whose single roe shall be
  Life enough to stock the sea,--
  Endless ichthyophagy!)
  Ev'ry instant through the day
  Worlds of life are thrown away;
  Worlds of life, and worlds of pleasure,
  Not for lavishment of treasure,
  But because she's so immensely
  Rich, and loves us so intensely.
  She would have us, once for all,
  Wake at her benignant call,
  And all grow wise, and all lay down
  Strife, and jealousy, and frown,
  And, like the sons of one great mother,
  Share, and be blest, with one another.

                    _Leigh Hunt._


  Thrice holy ring, afar and wide,
  The merry bells this Christmas-tide;
  Afar and wide, through hushed snow,
  From ivied minster-portico,
  Sweet anthems swell to tell the tale
  Of that young babe the shepherds hail
  Sitting amid their nibbling flocks
  What time the Hallelujah shocks
  The drowsy earth, and Cherubim
  Break through the heaven with harp and hymn.

  Belated birds sing tingling notes
  To warm apace their chilly throats,
  Or they, mayhap, have caught the story
  And pipe their part from branches hoary;
  While up aloft, his tempered beams
  The sun has poured in gentle streams,
  Sending o'er snowy hill and dell
  A pleasance to greet the Christmas bell!
  Now every yeoman starts abroad
  For holly green and the ivy-tod;
  Good folk to kirk are soon atrip
  Mellow with cheer and good-fellowship,
  And cosey chimneys, here and there
  Puff forth the sweets o' Christmas fare.

  Ho! rosy wenches and merry men
  From over the hill and field and fen,
  Great store is here, the drifts between
  Of myrtle red-berried, and mistletoe green!
  Ho, Phyllis and Kate and bonny Nell
  Come hither, and buffet the goodmen well,
  An they gather not for hall and hearth,
  Fair bays to grace the evening mirth.
  Aye, laugh ye well! and echoed wide
  Your voices sing through the Christmas-tide,
  And wintry winds emblend their tones
  At the minster-eaves with the organ groans:
  The carols meet with laughter sweet
  In a gay embrace mid the drifting sleet.

  Anon the weary sun's at rest,
  And clouds that hovered all day by,
  Like silver arras down the sky
  Enfold him--while the winds are whist--
  But not the Christmas jollity,
  For, little space, and wassail high
  Flows at the board; and hautboys sound
  The tripping dance and merry round.
  Here youths and maidens stand in row
  Kissing beneath the mistletoe;
  And many a tale of midnight rout
  O' Christmas-tide the woods about,
  Of faery meetings beneath the moon
  In wintry blast or summer swoon,
  Goes round the hearth, while all aglow
  The yule-log crackles the crane below.

  Drink hael! good folk, by the chimney side,
  O sweet's the holy Christmas-tide!
  Drink hael! Drink hael! and pledge again:
  "Here's peace on earth, good-will to men!"

                    _H. S. M._


  When on the barn's thatch'd roof is seen
  The moss in tufts of liveliest green;
  When Roger to the wood pile goes,
  And, as he turns, his fingers blows;
  When all around is cold and drear,
  Be sure that Christmas-tide is near.

  When up the garden walk in vain
  We seek for Flora's lovely train;
  When the sweet hawthorn bower is bare,
  And bleak and cheerless is the air;
  When all seems desolate around,
  Christmas advances o'er the ground.

  When Tom at eve comes home from plough,
  And brings the mistletoe's green bough,
  With milk-white berries spotted o'er,
  And shakes it the sly maids before,
  Then hangs the trophy up on high,
  Be sure that Christmas-tide is nigh.

  When Hal, the woodman, in his clogs,
  Bears home the huge unwieldly logs,
  That, hissing on the smould'ring fire,
  Flame out at last a quiv'ring spire;
  When in his hat the holly stands,
  Old Christmas musters up his bands.

  When cluster'd round the fire at night,
  Old William talks of ghost and sprite,
  And, as a distant out-house gate
  Slams by the wind, they fearful wait,
  While some each shadowy nook explore,
  Then Christmas pauses at the door.

  When Dick comes shiv'ring from the yard,
  And says the pond is frozen hard,
  While from his hat, all white with snow,
  The moisture, trickling, drops below,
  While carols sound, the night to cheer,
  Then Christmas and his train are here.

                    _Edwin Lees._


  When winter nights grow long,
    And winds without blow cold,
  We sit in a ring round the warm wood-fire,
    And listen to stories old!
  And we try to look grave, (as maids should be,)
  When the men bring in boughs of the Laurel-tree.
    _O the Laurel, the evergreen tree!_
    _The poets have laurels, and why not we?_

  How pleasant, when night falls down
    And hides the wintry sun,
  To see them come in to the blazing fire,
    And know that their work is done;
  Whilst many bring in, with a laugh or rhyme,
  Green branches of Holly for Christmas time!
    _O the Holly, the bright green Holly,_
    _It tells (like a tongue) that the times are jolly!_

  Sometimes--(in our grave house,
    Observe, this happeneth not;)
  But, at times, the evergreen laurel boughs
    And the holly are all forgot!
  And then! what then? why, the men laugh low
  And hang up a branch of the Mistletoe!
    _O brave is the Laurel! and brave is the Holly!_
    _But the Mistletoe banisheth melancholy!_
    _Ah, nobody knows, nor ever shall know,_
    _What is done--under the Mistletoe._

                    _Bryan Waller Proctor._



  Three weeks before the day whereon was born the Lord of grace,
  And on the Thursday, boys and girls do run in every place,
  And bounce and beat at every door, with blows and lusty snaps,
  And cry the advent of the Lord, not born as yet, perhaps:
  And wishing to the neighbors all, that in the houses dwell,
  A happy year, and everything to spring and prosper well:
  Here have they pears, and plums, and pence; each man gives willingly,
  For these three nights are always thought unfortunate to be,
  Wherein they are afraid of sprites and cankered witches' spite,
  And dreadful devils, black and grim, that then have chiefest might.

  In these same days, young, wanton girls that meet for marriage be,
  Do search to know the names of them that shall their husbands be.
  Four onions, five, or eight they take, and make in every one
  Such names as they do fancy most and best do think upon.
  Thus near the chimney then they set, and that same onion than
  The first doth sprout doth surely bear the name of their good man.
  Their husband's nature eke they seek to know and all his guise:
  When as the sun hath hid himself, and left the starry skies,
  Unto some woodstack do they go, and while they there do stand,
  Each one draws out a fagot stick, the next that comes to hand,
  Which if it straight and even be, and have no knots at all,
  A gentle husband then they think shall surely to them fall;
  But, if it foul and crooked be, and knotty here and there,
  A crabbed, churlish husband then they earnestly do fear.

  Then comes the day wherein the Lord did bring his birth to pass,
  Whereas at midnight up they rise, and every man to Mass.
  This time so holy counted is, that divers earnestly
  Do think the waters all to wine are changèd suddenly
  In that same hour that Christ himself was born and came to light,
  And unto water straight again transformed and altered quite.
  There are beside that mindfully the money still do watch
  That first to altar comes, which then they privily do snatch.
  The priests, lest other should it have, take oft the same away,
  Whereby they think throughout the year to have good luck in play,
  And not to lose: then straight at game till daylight do they strive
  To make some present proof how well their hallowed pence will thrive.

  This done, a wooden child in clouts is on the altar set,
  About the which both boys and girls do dance and trimly get,
  And carols sing in praise of Christ, and for to help them here,
  The organs answer every verse with sweet and solemn cheer.
  The priests do roar aloud, and round about the parents stand,
  To see the sport, and with their voice do help them and their hand.
  Thus wont the Coribants perhaps upon the mountain Ide,
  The crying noise of Jupiter, new born, with song to hide,
  To dance about him round, and on their brazen pans to beat,
  Lest that his father, finding him, should him destroy and eat.

  Then followeth Saint Stephen's Day, whereon doth every man
  His horses jaunt and course abroad, as swiftly as he can.
  Until they do extremely sweat, and then they let them blood,
  For this being done upon this day, they say doth do them good,
  And keeps them from all maladies and sickness through the year,
  As if that Stephen any time took charge of horses here.
  Next, John, the son of Zebedee, hath his appointed day,
  Who once, by cruel tyrant's will, constrained was, they say,
  Strong poison up to drink, therefore the Papists do believe
  That whoso puts their trust in him, no poison them can grieve.
  The wine beside that hallowed is, in worship of his name,
  The priests do give the people that bring money for the same.
  And after with the selfsame wine are little manchets[F] made,
  Against the boisterous winter storms, and sundry such like trade.
  The men upon this solemn day do take this holy wine,
  To make them strong, so do the maids to make them fair and fine.

  Then comes the day that calls to mind the cruel Herod's strife,
  Who seeking Christ to kill, the King of everlasting life,
  Destroyèd all the infants young, a beast unmerciless,
  And put to death all such as were of two years age or less.
  To them the sinful wretches cry and earnestly do pray
  To get them pardon for their faults, and wipe their sins away.
  The parents, when this day appears, do beat their children all
  Though nothing they deserve, and servants all to beating fall,
  And monks do whip each other well, or else their Prior great,
  Or Abbot mad, doth take in hand their breeches all to beat
  In worship of these Innocents, or rather, as we see,
  In honor of the curséd king that did this cruelty.

  The next to this is New-Year's Day, whereon to every friend
  They costly presents in do bring and New-Year's gifts do send.
  These gifts the husband gives his wife, and father eke the child,
  And master on his men bestows the like, with favor mild,
  And good beginning of the year they wish and wish again,
  According to the ancient guise of heathen people vain.
  These eight days no man doth require his debts of any man,
  Their tables do they furnish out with all the meat they can:
  With marchpanes, tarts, and custards great they drink with staring eyes,
  They rout and revel, feed and feast as merry all as pies,
  As if they should at the entrance of this New Year have to die,
  Yet would they have their bellies full and ancient friends ally.

  The Wise Men's day here followeth, who out from Persia far,
  Brought gifts and presents unto Christ, conducted by a star.
  The Papists do believe that these were kings, and so them call,
  And do affirm that of the same there were but three in all.
  Here sundry friends together come, and meet in company,
  And make a king amongst themselves by voice or destiny;
  Who, after princely guise, appoints his officers alway,
  Then unto feasting do they go, and long time after play:
  Upon their boards, in order thick, their dainty dishes stand,
  Till that their purses empty be and creditors at hand.
  Their children herein follow them, and choosing princes here,
  With pomp and great solemnity, they meet and make good cheer
  With money either got by stealth, or of their parents eft,
  That so they may be trained to know both riot here and theft.
  Then, also, every householder, to his ability,
  Doth make a mighty cake that may suffice his company:
  Herein a penny doth he put, before it comes to fire,
  This he divides according as his household doth require;
  And every piece distributeth, as round about they stand,
  Which in their names unto the poor is given out of hand.
  But whoso chanceth on the piece wherein the money lies
  Is counted king amongst them all, and is with shouts and cries
  Exalted to the heavens up, who, taking chalk in hand,
  Doth make a cross on every beam and rafters as they stand:
  Great force and power have these against all injuries and harms,
  Of cursed devils, sprites and bugs, of conjurings and charms,
  So much this king can do, so much the crosses bring to pass,
  Made by some servant, maid or child, or by some foolish ass!

  Twice six nights then from Christmas they do count with diligence,
  Wherein each master in his house doth burn up frankincense:
  And on the table sets a loaf, when night approacheth near,
  Before the coals and frankincense to be perfumed there:
  First bowing down his head he stands, and nose, and ears, and eyes
  He smokes, and with his mouth receives the fume that doth arise;
  Whom followeth straight his wife, and doth the same full solemnly,
  And of their children every one, and all their family:
  Which doth preserve, they say, their teeth, and nose, and eyes, and ear
  From every kind of malady and sickness all the year.
  When every one receivéd hath this odor great and small,
  Then one takes up the pan with coals, and frankincense and all.
  Another takes the loaf, whom all the rest do follow here,
  And round about the house they go, with torch or taper clear,
  That neither bread nor meat do want; nor witch with dreadful charm
  Have power to hurt their children, or to do their cattle harm.
  There are that three nights only do perform this foolish gear,
  To this intent, and think themselves in safety all the year.
  To Christ dare none commit himself. And in these days beside
  They judge what weather all the year shall happen and betide:
  Ascribing to each day a month, and at this present time
  The youth in every place do flock, and all apparelled fine,
  With pipers through the streets they run, and sing at every door
  In commendation of the man, rewarded well therefore,
  Which on themselves they do bestow, or on the church as though
  The people were not plagued with rogues and begging friars enow.
  There cities are where boys and girls together still do run
  About the streets with like as soon as night begins to come,
  And bring abroad their wassail-bowls, who well rewarded be
  With cakes, and cheese, and great good cheer, and money plenteously.

                    _From the German of Thos. Kirchmaier, A.D. 1553._


[F] White bread.


            Father John Burges,
            Necessity urges
            My woeful cry
            To Sir Robert Pie:
            And that he will venture
            To send my debenture.
            Tell him his Ben
            Knew the time when
            He loved the Muses;
            Though now he refuses
            To take apprehension
            Of a year's pension,
            And more is behind;
            Put him in mind
            Christmas is near,
            And neither good cheer,
            Mirth, fooling, nor wit,
            Nor any least fit
            Of gambol or sport
            Will come to the court
            If there be no money,
            No plover or cony
            Will come to the table,
            Or wine to enable
            The muse, or the poet,
            The parish will know it
  Nor any quick warming-pan help him to bed;
  If the 'Chequer be empty, so will be his head.

                    _Ben Jonson._


  No news of navies burnt at sea,
  No noise of late-spawned Tityries,
  No closet plot or open vent
  That frights men with a Parliament:
  No new device or late-found trick,
  To read by the stars the kingdom's sick;
  No gin to catch the State, or wring
  The free-born nostrils of the king,
  We send to you, but here a jolly
  Verse crowned with ivy and with holly;
  That tells of winter's tales and mirth
  That milkmaids make about the hearth,
  Of Christmas sports, the wassail-bowl,
  That's tost up after fox-i'-th'-hole;
  Of Blindman-buff, and of the care
  That young men have to shoe the mare;
  Of Twelve-tide cake, of peas and beans,
  Wherewith ye make those merry scenes,
  When as ye choose your king and queen,
  And cry out: Hey, for our town green!
  Of ash-heaps, in the which ye use
  Husbands and wives by streaks to choose;
  Of crackling laurel, which foresounds
  A plenteous harvest to your grounds;
  Of these and such like things, for shift,
  We send instead of New-Year's gift:
  Read then, and when your faces shine
  With buxom meat and cap'ring wine,
  Remember us in cups full-crowned,
  And let our city-health go round,
  Quite through the young maids and the men
  To the ninth number, if not ten;
  Until the fired chestnuts leap
  For joy to see the fruits ye reap
  From the plump chalice and the cup
  That tempts till it be tosséd up.
  Then, as ye sit about your embers,
  Call not to mind those fled Decembers;
  But think on these that are to appear
  As daughters to the instant year;
  Sit crowned with rose-buds, and carouse,
  Till _Liber Pater_ twirls the house
  About your ears; and lay upon
  The year, your cares, that's fled and gone.
  And let the russet swains the plough
  And harrow hang up resting now;
  And to the bagpipe all address
  Till sleep takes place of weariness;
  And thus, throughout, with Christmas plays
  Frolic the full twelve holydays.

                    _Robert Herrick._


  Let others look for pearl and gold
  Tissues, or tabbies manifold;
  One only lock of that sweet hay
  Whereon the Blessed Baby lay,
  Or one poor swaddling-clout, shall be
  The richest New-Year's gift to me.

                    _Robert Herrick._


  Come follow, follow me,
  Those that good fellows be,
  Into the buttery
  Our manhood for to try;
  The master keeps a bounteous house,
  And gives leave freely to carouse.

  Then wherefore should we fear,
  Seeing here is store of cheer?
  It shows but cowardice
  At this time to be nice.
  Then boldly draw your blades and fight,
  For we shall have a merry night.

  When we have done this fray,
  Then we will go to play
  At cards or else at dice,
  And be rich in a trice;
  Then let the knaves go round apace,
  I hope each time to have an ace.

  Come, maids, let's want no beer
  After our Christmas cheer,
  And I will duly crave
  Good husbands you may have,
  And that you may good houses keep,
  When we may drink carouses deep.

  And when that's spent the day
  We'll Christmas gambols play,
  At hot cockles beside
  And then go to all-hide,
  With many other pretty toys,
  Men, women, youths, maids, girls, and boys.

  Come, let's dance round the hall,
  And let's for liquor call;
  Put apples in the fire,
  Sweet maids, I you desire;
  And let a bowl be spiced well
  Of happy stuff that doth excel.

  Twelve days we now have spent
  In mirth and merriment,
  And daintily did fare,
  For which we took no care:
  But now I sadly call to mind
  What days of sorrow are behind.

  We must leave off to play,
  To-morrow's working-day;
  According to each calling
  Each man must now be falling,
  And ply his business all the year
  Next Christmas for to make good cheer.

  Now of my master kind
  Good welcome I did find,
  And of my loving mistress
  This merry time of Christmas;
  For which to them great thanks I give,
  God grant they long together live.


  Sweep the ingle, froth the beer,
  Tiptoe on till chanticleer,
  Loose the laugh, dry the tear,--
      Crack the drums
      When Christmas comes!


  Mark well my heavy, doleful tale,
    For Twelfth-day now is come,
  And now I must no longer sing,
    And say no words but mum;
  For I perforce must take my leave
    Of all my dainty cheer,
  Plum-porridge, roast-beef, and minced-pies,
    My strong ale and my beer.

  Kind-hearted Christmas, now adieu,
    For I with thee must part,
  And for to take my leave of thee
    Doth grieve me at the heart;
  Thou wert an ancient housekeeper,
    And mirth with meat didst keep,
  But thou art going out of town,
    Which makes me for to weep.

  God knoweth whether I again
    Thy merry face shall see,
  Which to good fellows and the poor
    That was so frank and free.
  Thou lovedst pastime with thy heart,
    And eke good company;
  Pray hold me up for fear I swoon,
    For I am like to die.

  Come, butler, fill a brimmer up
    To cheer my fainting heart,
  That to old Christmas I may drink
    Before he doth depart;
  And let each one that's in this room
    With me likewise condole,
  And for to cheer their spirits sad
    Let each one drink a bowl.

  And when the same it hath gone round
    Then fall unto your cheer,
  For you do know that Christmas time
    It comes but once a year.
  But this good draught which I have drunk
    Hath comforted my heart,
  For I was very fearful that
    My stomach would depart.

  Thanks to my master and my dame
    That doth such cheer afford;
  God bless them, that each Christmas they
    May furnish thus their board.
  My stomach having come to me,
    I mean to have a bout,
  Intending to eat most heartily;
    Good friends, I do not flout.

                    _New Christmas Carols, A.D. 1642._


      Now, now the mirth comes
      With the cake full of plums,
  Where bean's the king of the sport here;
      Beside, we must know
      The pea also
  Must revel as queen in the court here.

      Begin then to choose,
      This night, as ye use,
  Who shall for the present delight here;
      Be a king by the lot,
      And who shall not
  Be Twelve-day queen for the night here!

      Which known, let us make
      Joy-sops with the cake;
  And let not a man then be seen here,
      Who unurged will not drink,
      To the base from the brink,
  A health to the king and the queen here!

      Next crown the bowl full
      With gentle lamb's wool,
  And sugar, nutmeg, and ginger,
      With store of ale, too;
      And this ye must do
  To make the wassail a swinger.

      Give then to the king
      And queen, wassailing,
  And though with ale ye be wet here,
      Yet part ye from hence
      As free from offence
  As when ye innocent met here

                    _Robert Herrick._


      Down with the rosemary and bays,
        Down with the mistletoe;
      Instead of holly, now upraise
        The greener box for show.

      The holly hitherto did sway;
        Let box now domineer
      Until the dancing Easter day
        Or Easter's eve appear.

      Then youthful box, which now hath grace
        Your houses to renew,
      Grown old, surrender must his place
        Unto the crispéd yew.

      When yew is out, then birch comes in,
        And many flowers beside,
      Both of a fresh and fragrant kin,
        To honor Whitsuntide.

      Green rushes then, and sweetest bents,
        With cooler oaken boughs,
      Come in for comely ornaments,
        To readorn the house.
  Thus times do shift, each thing his turn does hold;
  New things succeed as former things grow old.

                    _Robert Herrick._


  Down with the rosemary, and so
  Down with the bays and mistletoe;
  Down with the holly, ivy, all
  Wherewith ye dressed the Christmas hall,
  That so the superstitious find
  No one last branch there left behind;
  For, look! how many leaves there be
  Neglected there, maids, trust to me
  So many goblins you shall see.

                    _Robert Herrick._


  Kindle the Christmas brand, and then
    Till sunset let it burn,
  Which quenched, then lay it up again
    Till Christmas next return.

  Part must be kept, wherewith to teend
    The Christmas log next year,
  And where 'tis safely kept, the fiend
    Can do no mischief there.

                    _Robert Herrick._


  End now the white-loaf and the pie,
  And let all sports with Christmas die.

                    _Robert Herrick._


  Partly work and partly play
  Ye must on St. Distaff's day;
  From the plough soon free your team,
  Then come home and fodder them;
  If the maids a-spinning go,
  Burn the flax and fire the tow;
  Scorch their plackets, but beware
  That ye singe no maiden-hair;
  Bring in pails of water then,
  Let the maids bewash the men;
  Give St. Distaff all the right,
  Then bid Christmas sport good-night,
  And next morrow every one
  To his own vocation.

                    _Robert Herrick._

_The Shepherds._

  "His place of birth a solemn angel tells
  To simple shepherds keeping watch by night."



  As I rode out this enderes night,
  Of three ioli sheppardes I saw a sight,
  And all abowte there fold a star shone bright;
        They sang, terli, terlow;
  So mereli the sheppardes their pipes can blow.

  Doune from heaven, from heaven so hie,
  Of angeles ther came a great companie,
  With mirthe, and joy, and great solemnitye,
        The sange, terly, terlow;
  So mereli the sheppardes their pipes can blow.

                    _Coventry Mysteries._


  _Tyrle, Tyrle, so Merrily the Shepherds began to Blow._

  About the field they piped full right,
  Even about the midst of the night;
  Adown from heaven they saw come a light,
                              _Tyrle, tyrle._

  Of angels there came a company
  With merry songs and melody,
  The shepherds anon gan them espy,
                              _Tyrle, tyrle._

  _Gloria in excelsis_ the angels sung,
  And said how peace was present among,
  To every man that to the faith would 'long,
                              _Tyrle, tyrle._

  The shepherds hied them to Bethlehem
  To see that blessed sun's beam;
  And there they found that glorious stream,
                              _Tyrle, tyrle._

  Now pray we to that meek Child,
  And to his mother that is so mild,
  The which was never defiled,
                              _Tyrle, tyrle._

  That we may come unto his bliss,
  Where joy shall never miss;
  That we may sing in Paradise,
                              _Tyrle, tyrle._

  I pray you all that be here
  For to sing and make good cheer,
  In the worship of God this year,
                              _Tyrle, tyrle._

                    _Wright's Songs and Carols._


  The first Nowell the Angel did say
  Was to three poor Shepherds in the fields as they lay;
  In fields where they lay keeping their sheep,
  In a cold winter's night that was so deep.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  They looked up and saw a Star
  Shining in the East beyond them far;
  And to the earth it gave great light,
  And so it continued both day and night.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  And by the light of that same Star
  Three Wise Men came from country far;
  To seek for a King was their intent,
  And to follow the Star wherever it went.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  The Star drew nigh to the northwest,
  O'er Bethlehem it took its rest,
  And there it did both stop and stay
  Right over the place where Jesus lay.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  Then did they know assuredly
  Within that house the King did lie:
  One enter'd in then for to see,
  And found the Babe in poverty.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  Then enter'd in those Wise Men three
  Most reverently upon their knee,
  And offer'd there in his presence
  Both gold, and myrrh, and frankincense.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  Between an ox-stall and an ass
  This Child truly there born he was;
  For want of clothing they did him lay
  All in the manger among the hay.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  Then let us all with one accord
  Sing praises to our Heavenly Lord,
  That hath made heaven and earth of naught,
  And with his blood mankind hath bought.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._

  If we in our time shall do well,
  We shall be free from death and hell;
  For God hath prepared for us all
  A resting-place in general.
      _Nowell, Nowell, Nowell, Nowell,_
      _Born is the King of Israel._


  In Bethlehem, that noble place,
  As by the Prophet said it was,
  Of the Virgin Mary, filled with grace.
        _Salvator mundi natus est._
        Be we merry in this feast,
        _In quo Salvator natus est._

  On Christmas night an Angel told
  The shepherds watching by their fold,
  In Bethlehem, full nigh the wold,
        "_Salvator mundi natus est._"
        Be we merry in this feast,
        _In quo Salvator natus est._

  The shepherds were encompassed right,
  About them shone a glorious light,
  "Dread ye naught," said the Angel bright,
        "_Salvator mundi natus est._"
        Be we merry in this feast,
        _In quo Salvator natus est._

  "No cause have ye to be afraid,
  For why? this day is Jesus laid
  On Mary's lap, that gentle maid:
        _Salvator mundi natus est._
        Be we merry in this feast,
        _In quo Salvator natus est._

  "And thus in faith find him ye shall
  Laid poorly in an ox's stall."
  The shepherds then lauded God all,
        _Quia Salvator natus est._
        Be we merry in this feast,
        _In quo Salvator natus est._

                    _Christmas Carolles, A.D. 1550._


        Sweet music, sweeter far
          Than any song is sweet:
        Sweet music, heavenly rare,
          Mine ears, O peers, doth greet.
  You gentle flocks, whose fleeces, pearled with dew,
    Resemble heaven, whom golden drops make bright,
  Listen, O listen, now, O not to you
    Our pipes make sport to shorten weary night;
        But voices most divine
          Make blissful harmony:
        Voices that seem to shine,
          For what else clears the sky?
  Tunes can we hear, but not the singers see,
  The tunes divine, and so the singers be.

        Lo, how the firmament
          Within an azure fold
        The flock of stars hath pent,
          That we might them behold;
  Yet from their beams proceedeth not this light,
    Nor can their crystals such reflection give.
  What then doth make the element so bright?
    The heavens are come down upon earth to live.
        But hearken to the song,
          Glory to glory's king,
        And peace all men among,
          These quiristers do sing.
  Angels they are, as also (Shepherds) he
  Whom in our fear we do admire to see.

        Let not amazement blind
          Your souls, said he, annoy:
        To you and all mankind
          My message bringeth joy.
  For lo, the world's great Shepherd now is born
    A blessed babe, an infant full of power:
  After long night uprisen is the morn,
    Renowning Bethl'em in the Saviour.
        Sprung is the perfect day,
          By prophets seen afar:
        Sprung is the mirthful May,
          Which winter cannot mar.
  In David's city doth this sun appear
  Clouded in flesh, yet, shepherds, sit we here?

                    _Edward Bolton._

[Illustration: A Shepherd]


  Sweet, harmless livers! on whose holy leisure
    Waits innocence and pleasure;
  Whose leaders to those pastures and clear springs
    Were patriarchs, saints, and kings;
  How happened it that in the dead of night
    You only saw true light,
  While Palestine was fast asleep and lay
    Without one thought of day?
  Was it because those first and blesséd swains
    Were pilgrims on those plains
  When they received the promise, for which now
    'Twas there first shown to you?
  'Tis true he loves that dust whereon they go
    That serve him here below,
  And therefore might for memory of those
    His love then first disclose;
  But wretched Salem, once his love, must now
    No voice nor vision know;
  Her stately piles with all their height and pride
    Now languishéd and died,
  And Bethl'em's humble cots above them stept
    While all her seers slept;
  Her cedar fir, hewed stones, and gold were all
    Polluted through their fall;
  And those once sacred mansions were now
    Mere emptiness and show.
  This made the angel call at reeds and thatch,
    Yet where the shepherds watch,
  And God's own lodging, though he could not lack,
    To be a common rack.
  No costly pride, no soft-clothed luxury
    In those thin cells could lie;
  Each stirring wind and storm blew through their cots,
    Which never harbored plots;
  Only content and love and humble joys
    Lived there without all noise;
  Perhaps some harmless cares for the next day
    Did in their bosoms play:
  As where to lead their sheep, what silent nook,
    What springs or shades to look;
  But that was all; and now with gladsome care
    They for the town prepare;
  They leave their flock, and in a busy talk
    All towards Bethl'em walk,
  To seek their soul's great Shepherd who was come
    To bring all stragglers home;
  Where now they find him out, and, taught before,
    The Lamb of God adore,
  That Lamb, whose days great kings and prophets wished
    And longed to see, but missed.
  The first light they beheld was bright and gay,
    And turned their night to day;
  But to this later light they saw in him,
    Their day was dark and dim.

                    _Henry Vaughan._


  O than the fairest day, thrice fairer night!
    Night to blest days in which a sun doth rise
    Of which that golden age which clears the skies
  Is but a sparkling ray, a shadow-light!
  And blessed ye, in silly pastors' sight,
    Mild creatures, in whose warm crib now lies
    That heaven-sent youngling, holy-maid-born wight:
  Midst, end, beginning of our prophecies!
  Blest cottage that hath flowers in winter spread,
    Though withered--blessed grass that hath the grace
    To deck and be a carpet to that place!
  Thus sang, unto the sounds, of oaten reed,
    Before the Babe, the shepherds bowed on knees;
    And springs ran nectar, honey dropped from trees.

                    _William Drummond._


  Run, shepherds, run where Bethlehem blest appears.
    We bring the best of news; be not dismayed;
    A Saviour there is born more old than years,
  Amidst heaven's rolling height this earth who stayed.
  In a poor cottage inned, a virgin maid
    A weakling did him bear, who all upbears;
    There is he poorly swaddled, in manger laid,
  To whom too narrow swaddlings are our spheres:
  Run, shepherds, run, and solemnize his birth.
    This is that night--no, day, grown great with bliss,
    In which the power of Satan broken is:
  In Heaven be glory, peace unto the earth!
    Thus singing, through the air the angels swam,
    And cope of stars re-echoéd the same.

                    _William Drummond._


  The shepherds went their hasty way,
    And found the lowly stable-shed
  Where the Virgin-Mother lay;
    And now they checked their eager tread,
  For to the Babe that at her bosom clung,
  A mother's song the Virgin-Mother sung.

  They told her how a glorious light,
    Streaming from a heavenly throng,
  Around them shone, suspending night!
    While sweeter than a mother's song,
  Blest angels heralded the Saviour's birth,
  Glory to God on high! and peace on earth!

  She listened to the tale divine,
    And closer still the Babe she prest;
  And while she cried, the Babe is mine!
    The milk rushed faster to her breast;
  Joy rose within her like a summer's morn;
  Peace, peace on earth! the Prince of peace is born.

  Thou Mother of the Prince of peace,
    Poor, simple, and of low estate!
  That strife should vanish, battle cease,
    O why should this thy soul elate?
  Sweet music's loudest note, the poet's story,--
  Didst thou ne'er love to hear of fame and glory?

  And is not war a youthful king,
    A stately hero clad in mail?
  Beneath his footsteps laurels spring;
    Him earth's majestic monarchs hail
  Their friend, their playmate! and his bold bright eye
  Compels the maiden's love-confessing sigh.

  "Tell this in some more courtly scene,
    To maids and youths in robes of state!
  I am a woman poor and mean,
    And therefore is my soul elate;
  War is a ruffian all with guilt defiled,
  That from the aged father tears his child.

  "A murderous fiend by fiends adored,
    He kills the sire and starves the son;
  The husband kills and from her board
    Steals all his widow's toil had won;
  Plunders God's world of beauty; rends away
  All safety from the night, all comfort from the day.

  "Then wisely is my soul elate
    That strife should vanish, battle cease;
  I'm poor and of a low estate,
    The Mother of the Prince of peace,
  Joy rises in me, like a summer's morn:
  Peace, peace on earth! the Prince of peace is born!"

                    _Samuel Taylor Coleridge._



  Where is this blessed Babe
                        That hath made
  All the world so full of joy
                        And expectation;
                        That glorious boy
                        That crowns each nation
  With a triumphant wreath of blessedness?

  Where should he be but in the throng,
                        And among
  His angel ministers, that sing
                        And take wing
  Just as may echo to his voice,
                        And rejoice,
  When wing and tongue and all
  May so procure their happiness?

  But he hath other waiters now:
                        A poor cow,
  An ox and mule, stand and behold,
                        And wonder
  That a stable should enfold
                        Him that can thunder.

  O what a gracious God have we,
  How good! how great! even as our misery.

                    _Jeremy Taylor._



  Come we shepherds whose blest sight
  Hath met Love's noon in Nature's night;
  Come, lift we up our loftier song,
  And wake the sun that lies too long.

  To all our world of well-stol'n joy,
    He slept and dreamt of no such thing,
  While we found out heaven's fairer eye
    And kist the cradle of our King;
  Tell him he rises now too late
  To show us aught worth looking at.

  Tell him we now can show him more
    Then e'er he showed to mortal sight,
  Than he himself e'er saw before,
    Which to be seen needs not his light.
  Tell him, Tityrus, where th' hast been,
  Tell him, Thyrsis, what th' hast seen.


  Gloomy night embraced the place
    Where the noble Infant lay,
  The Babe looked up and showed his face;
    In spite of darkness it was day:
  It was thy day, Sweet, and did rise
  Not from the East, but from thine eyes.
        CHORUS.--It was thy day, Sweet, etc.


  Winter chid aloud and sent
    The angry North to wage his wars;
  The North forgot his fierce intent,
    And left perfumes instead of scars;
  By those sweet eyes' persuasive powers,
  Where he meant frost he scattered flowers.
        CHORUS.--By those sweet eyes, etc.


  We saw thee in thy balmy nest,
    Bright dawn of our eternal day!
  We saw thine eyes break from their East
    And chase the trembling shades away;
  We saw thee, and we blest the sight,
  We saw thee by thine own sweet light.


  Poor world (said I), what wilt thou do
    To entertain this starry stranger?
  Is this the best thou canst bestow,
    A cold and not too cleanly manger.
  Contend, ye powers of heaven and earth,
  To fit a bed for this huge birth.
        CHORUS.--Contend, ye powers, etc.


  Proud world (said I), cease your contest,
    And let the mighty Babe alone;
  The Phoenix builds the Phoenix nest,
    Love's architecture is all one.
  The Babe whose birth embraves this morn
  Made his own bed ere he was born.
        CHORUS.--The Babe whose birth, etc.


  I saw the curl'd drops, soft and slow,
    Come hovering o'er the place's head,
  Offering their whitest sheets of snow
    To furnish the fair Infant's bed:
  Forbear (said I), be not too bold;
  Your fleece is white, but 'tis too cold.
        CHORUS.--Forbear (said I), etc.


  I saw the obsequious seraphins
    Their rosy fleece of fire bestow;
  For well they now can spare their wings,
    Since heaven itself lies here below:
  Well done (said I), but are you sure
  Your down so warm will pass for pure.
        CHORUS.--Well done (said I), etc.


  No, no, your king's not yet to seek
    Where to repose his royal head;
  See, see, how soon his new-bloom'd cheek
    Twixt's mother's breasts is gone to bed:
  Sweet choice (said I), no way but so,
  Not to lie cold, yet sleep in snow.
        CHORUS.--Sweet choice (said I), etc.


  We saw thee in thy balmy nest,
    Bright dawn of our eternal day!
  We saw thine eyes break from their East
    And chase the trembling shades away;
  We saw thee, and we blest the sight,
  We saw thee by thine own sweet light.
        CHORUS.--We saw thee, etc.

      _Full Chorus._

  Welcome, all wonder in one sight,
    Eternity shut in a span,
  Summer in winter, day in night,
    Heaven in earth and God in man!
  Great little One! whose all-embracing birth
  Lifts earth to heaven, stoops heaven to earth.

  Welcome, though not to gold nor silk,
    To more than Cæsar's birthright is,
  Two Sister Seas of Virgin milk
    With many a rarely-tempered kiss,
  That breathes at once both Maid and Mother,
  Warms in the one and cools in the other.

  She sings thy tears asleep, and dips
    Her kisses in thy weeping eye;
  She spreads the red leaves of thy lips
    That in their buds yet blushing lie:
  She 'gainst those mother-diamonds tries
  The points of her young eagle's eyes.

  Welcome, though not to those gay flies
    Gilded i' the beams of earthly kings,
  Slippery souls in smiling eyes,
    But to poor shepherds' homespun things;
  Whose wealth's their flock, whose wit to be
  Well read in their simplicity.

  Yet when young April's husband-showers
    Shall bless the fruitful Maia's bed,
  We'll bring the first-born of her flowers
    To kiss thy feet and crown thy head:
  To thee, dread Lamb, whose love must keep
  The shepherds more than they their sheep.

  To thee, meek Majesty! soft King
    Of simple graces and sweet loves,
  Each of us his lamb will bring,
    Each his pair of silver doves,
  Till burnt at last in fire of thy fair eyes
  Ourselves become our own best sacrifice.

                    _Richard Crashaw._


  The New Year is begun,
    Good-morrow, my masters all!
  The cheerful rising sun
    Now shining in this hall,
        Brings mirth and joy
        To man and boy.
  With all that here doth dwell;
        Whom Jesus bless
        With love's increase,
  So all things shall prosper well.

  A New-Year's gift I bring
    Unto my master here,
  Which is a welcome thing
    Of mirth and merry cheer.
        A New-Year's lamb
        Come from thy dam
  An hour before daybreak,
        Your noted ewe
        Doth this bestow,
  Good master, for your sake.

  And to my dame so kind
    This New-Year's gift I bring;
  I'll bear an honest mind
    Unto her whilst I live.
        Your white-woolled sheep
        I'll safely keep
  From harm of bush or brere,
        That garments gay
        For your array
  May clothe you the next New Year.

  And to your children all,
    These New-Year's gifts I bring;
  And though the price be small,
    They're fit for queen or king:
        Fair pippins red
        Kept in my bed
  A-mellowing since last year,
        Whose beauty bright
        So clear of sight
  Their hearts will glad and cheer.

  And to your maids and men
    I bring both points and pins;
  Come bid me welcome then,
    The good New Year begins:
        And for my love
        Let me approve
  The friendship of your Maid,
        Whose nappy ale,
        So good and stale,
  Will make my wits afraid.

  I dare not with it deal
    But in a sober diet:
  If I, poor shepherd, steal
    A draught to be unquiet,
        And lose my way
        This New-Year's day
  As I go to my fold,
        You'll surely think
        My love of drink
  This following year will hold.

  Here stands my bottle and hook,
    Good kitchen-maid, draw near,
  Thou art an honest cook,
    And canst brew ale and beer;
        Thy office show,
        Before I go,
  My bottle and bag come fill,
        And for thy sake
        I'll merry make
  Upon the next green hill.

                    _New Christmas Carols._



  So many hills arising, green and gray,
  On Earth's large round, and that one hill to say:
  "I was his bearing-place!" On Earth's wide breast
  So many maids! and she--of all most blest--
  Heavily mounting Bethlehem, to be
  His Mother!--Holy Maid of Galilee!
  Hill, with the olives, and the little town!
  If rivers from their crystal founts flow down,
  If 'twas the dawn which did day's gold unbar,
  Ye were beginnings of the best we are,
  The most we see, the highest that we know,
  The lifting heavenward of man's life below.
  Therefore, though better lips ye shall not lack,
  Suffer if one of modern mood steals back--
  Weary and wayworn from the desert-road
  Of barren thought; from Hope's Dead Sea, which glowed
  With Love's fair mirage; from the poet's haunt,
  The scholar's lamp, the statesman's scheme, the vaunt,
  The failure, of all fond philosophies,--
  Back unto Thee, back to thy olive-trees,
  Thy people, and thy story, and thy Son,
  Mary of Nazareth! So long agone
  Bearing us Him who made our christendom,
  And came to save the earth, from heav'n, His home.

  So many hill-sides, crowned with rugged rocks!
  So many simple shepherds keeping flocks
  In many moonlit fields! but, only they--
  So lone, so long ago, so far away--
  On that one winter's night, at Bethlehem,
  To have white angels singing lauds for them!
  They only--hinds wrapped in the he-goat's skin--
  To hear heaven's music, bidding peace begin!
  Only for those, of countless watching eyes,
  The "Glory of the Lord" glad to arise;
  The skies to blaze with gold and silver light
  Of seraphs by strong joy flashed into sight;
  The wind, for them, with that strange song to swell,--
  By too much happiness incredible--
  That tender anthem of good times to be,
  Then at their dawn--not daylight yet, ah me!
  "Peace upon earth! Good-will!" sung to the strings
  Of lutes celestial. Nay, if these things
  Too blessëd to believe have seemed, or seem,
  Not ours the fault, dear angels! Prove the dream
  Waking and true! sing once again, and make
  Moonlight and starlight sweet for earth's sad sake!
  Or, if heaven bids ye lock in silence still
  Conquest of peace, and coming of good-will,
  Till times to be, then--oh, you placid sheep!
  Ah, thrice-blest shepherds! suffer if we creep
  Back through the tangled thicket of the years
  To graze in your fair flock, to strain our ears
  With listening herdsmen, if, perchance, one note
  Of such high singing in the fine air float;
  If any rock thrills yet with that great strain
  We did not hear, and shall not hear, again;
  If any olive-leaf at Bethlehem
  Lisps still one syllable vouchsafed to them;
  If some stream, conscious still--some breeze--be stirred
  With echo of th' immortal words ye heard.

  What was it that ye heard? the wind of night
  Playing in cheating tones, with touches light,
  Amid the palm-plumes? or, one stop outblown
  Of planetary music, so far flown
  Earthwards, that to those innocent ears 'twas brought
  Which bent the mighty measure to their thought?
  Or, haply, from breast-shaped Beth-Haccarem,
  The hill of Herod, some waft sent to them
  Of storming drums and trumps, at festival
  Held in the Idumæan's purple hall?
  Or, it may be, some Aramaic song
  Of country lovers, after partings long
  Meeting anew, with much "good will" indeed,
  Blown by some swain upon his Jordan reed?
  Nay, nay! your abbas back ye did not fling,
  From each astonished ear, for swains to sing
  Their village-verses clear; for sounds well-known
  Of wandering breeze, or whispering trees, or tone
  Of Herod's trumpets. And ye did not gaze
  Heart-startled on the stars (albeit the rays
  Of that lone orb shot, sparkling, from the east
  Unseen before), for these, largest and least,
  Were fold-lamps, lighted nightly: and ye knew
  Far differing glory in the night's dark blue
  Suddenly lit with rose, and pierced with spike
  Of golden spear-beam. Oh, a dream, belike!
  Some far-fetched vision, new to peasant's sleep,
  Of paradise stripped bare!--But, why thus keep
  Secrets for them? This bar, which doth enclose
  Better and nobler souls, why burst for those
  Who supped on the parched pulse, and lapped the stream,
  And each, at the same hour, dreams the same dream!
  Or, easier still, they lied! Yet, wherefore, then
  "Rise, and go up to Bethlehem," and unpen
  To wolf and jackal all their hapless fold
  So they might "see these things which had been told
  In heaven's own voice"? And heaven, whate'er betide,
  Spreads surely somewhere, on death's farther side!

  And, truly, if joy's music once hath rung
  Prom lips of bands invisible, if any--
  (Be they the dead, or of the deathless many)--
  Love and serve man, angelical befrienders,
  Glad of his weal, and from his woe defenders,--
  If such, in heaven, have pity on our tears,
  Forever falling with the unmending years,
  High cause had they, at Bethlehem, that night,
  To lift the curtain of hope's hidden light,
  To break decree of silence with love's cry,
  Foreseeing how this Babe, born lowlily,
  Should--past dispute, since now achieved is this--
  Bring earth great gifts of blessing and of bliss;
  Date, from that crib, the dynasty of love;
  Strip his misusëd thunderbolts from Jove;
  Bend to their knee Rome's Cæsars, break the chain
  From the slave's neck; set sick hearts free again
  Bitterly bound by priests, and scribes, and scrolls;
  And heal, with balm of pardon, sinking souls:
  Should mercy to her vacant throne restore,
  Teach right to kings, and patience to the poor;
  Should, from that bearing-cave, outside the khan,
  Amid the kneeling cattle, rise, and be
  Light of all lands, and splendor of each sea,
  The sun-burst of a new morn come to earth,
  Not yet, alas! broad day, but day's white birth
  Which promiseth; and blesseth, promising.
  These from that night! What cause of wondering
  If that one silence of all silences
  Brake into music? if, for hopes like these
  Angels, who love us, sang that song, and show
  Of time's far purpose made the "great light" glow?

  Wherefore, let whosoever will drink dry
  His cup of faith; and think that, verily,
  Not in a vision, no way otherwise
  Than those poor shepherds told, there did arise
  This portent. Being amidst their sheep and goats,
  Lapped careless in their pasture-keeping coats,
  Blind as their drowsy beasts to what drew nigh,
  (Such the lulled ear, and such th' unbusied eye
  Which ofttimes hears and sees hid things!) there spread
  The "Glory of the Lord" around each head:
  Broke, be it deemed, o'er hill and over hollow,
  On the inner seeing, the sense concealed, unknown,
  Of those plain hinds--glad, humble, and alone--
  Flooding their minds, filling their hearts; around,
  Above, below, disclosing grove and ground,
  The rocks, the hill, the town, the solitude,
  The wondering flocks,--agaze with grass half-chewed,--
  The palm-crowns, and the path to Bethlehem,
  As sight angelic spies. And, came to them
  The "Angel of the Lord," visible, sure,
  Known for the angel by his presence pure
  Whereon was written love, and peace, and grace,
  With beauty passing mortal mien and face.

  So when the Angels were no more to see,
  Re-entering those gates of space,--whose key
  Love keeps on that side, and on this side death--
  Each shepherd to the other whispering saith,
  Lest he should miss some lingering symphonies
  Of that departing music, "Let us rise
  And go even now to Bethlehem, and spy
  This which is come to pass, shewed graciously
  By the Lord's angels." Therewith hasted they
  By olive-yards, and old walls mossed and gray
  Where, in close chinks, the lizard and the snake,
  Thinking the sunlight come, stirred, half-awake:
  Across the terraced levels of the vines,
  Under the pillared palms, along the lines
  Of lance-leaved oleanders, scented sweet,
  Through the pomegranate-gardens sped their feet;
  Over the causeway, up the slope, they spring,
  Breast the steep path, with steps not slackening;
  Past David's well, past the town-wall they ran,
  Unto the House of Chimham, to the khan,
  Where mark them peering in, the posts between,
  Questioning--all out of breath--if birth hath been
  This night, in any guest-room, high or low?
  The drowsy porter at the gate saith, "No!"--
  Shooting the bars; while the packed camels shake
  Their bells to listen, and the sleepers wake,
  And to their feet the ponderous steers slow rise,
  Lifting from trampled fodder large mild eyes;--
  "Nay! Brothers! no such thing! yet there is gone
  Yonder, one nigh her time, a gentle one!
  With him that seemed her spouse--of Galilee;
  They toiled at sundown to our doors--but, see!
  No nook was here! Seek at the cave instead;
  We shook some barley-straw to make their bed."

  Then to the cave they wended, and there spied
  That which was more, if truth be testified,
  Than all the pomp seen thro' proud Herod's porch
  Ablaze with brass, and silk, and scented torch,
  High on Beth-Haccarem; more to behold,
  If men had known, than all the glory told
  Of splendid Cæsar in his marbled home
  On the white Isle; or audience-hall at Rome
  With trembling princes thronged. A clay lamp swings
  By twisted camel-cords, from blackened rings,
  Shewing with flickering gleams, a Child new-born
  Wrapped in a cloth, laid where the beasts at morn
  Will champ their bean-straw: in the lamp-ray dim
  A fresh-made Mother by Him, fostering Him
  With face and mien to worship, speaking naught;
  Close at hand Joseph, and the ass, hath brought
  That precious twofold burden to the gate;
  With goats, sheep, oxen, driven to shelter late:
  No mightier sight! Yet all sufficeth it--
  If we will deem things be beyond our wit--
  To prove heaven's music true, and show heaven's way,
  How, not by famous kings, nor with array
  Of brazen letters on the boastful stone,
  But "by the mouth of babes," quiet, alone,
  Little beginnings planning for large ends,
  With other purpose than fond man attends,
  Wisdom and love, in secret fellowship
  Guide our world's wandering with a finger-tip;
  And how, that night, as these did darkly see,
  They sealed the first scrolls of earth's history,
  And opened what shall run till death be dead.

  Which babe they reverenced, bending low the head,
  First of all worshippers; and told the things
  Done in the plain, and played on angel's strings.
  Then those around wondered and worshipped, too,
  And Mary heard--but wondered not--anew
  Hiding this in her heart, the heart which beat
  With blood of Jesus Christ, holy and sweet.

  Also, not marvelling, albeit they heard,
  Stood certain by--those three swart ones--appeared
  From climes unknown; yet, surely, on high quest
  Of what that star proclaimed, bright on the breast
  First of the Ram, afterwards glittering thence
  Into the watery Trigon, where, intense,
  It lit the Crab, and burned the Fishes pale.
  Three Signiors, owning many a costly bale;
  Three travelled masters, by their bearing lords
  Of lands and slaves. The Indian silk affords,
  With many a folded braid of white and gold,
  Shade to their brows; rich goat-hair shawls did fold
  Their gowns of flow'r'd white muslin, midway tied;
  And ruby, turkis, emerald--stones of pride--
  Blazed on their thumb-rings; and a pearl gleamed white
  In every ear; and silver belts, clasped tight,
  Held ink-box, reeds, and knives, in scabbards gemmed;
  Curled shoes of goat-skin dyed, with seed-pearls hemmed,
  Shod their brown feet; hair shorn; lids low, to think--
  Eyes deep and wistful, as of those who drink
  Waters of hidden wisdom, night and day,
  And live twain lives, conforming as they may,
  In diligence, and due observances
  To ways of men; yet, not at one with these;
  But ever straining past the things that seem
  To that which is--the truth behind the dream.
  Three princely wanderers of the Asian blood
  Perchance, by Indus dwellers; or some flood,
  That feeds her from Himâla's icy dome;
  Or, haply, to those Syrian palm-trees come
  From Gunga's banks, or mounts of Malabar
  Which lift the Deccan to its sun, and far--
  Rampart-like--fringe the blue Arabian Sea.
  True followers of the Buddh they seemed to be,
  The better arm and shoulder showing bare
  With each; and on the neck of each, draped fair
  A scarf of saffron, patched; and, 'twixt the eyes,
  In saffron stamped, the Name of mysteries
  OM; and the Swastika, with secrets rife
  How man may 'scape the dire deceits of life.

  These three stood by, as who would entrance make;
  And heard the shepherd's tale; and, hearing, spake
  Strange Indian words one to another; then sent
  Command. Their serving-men, obedient,
  Cast loose from off the camels, kneeling nigh,
  Nettings and mats, and made the fastenings fly
  From belly-band, and crupper-rope, and tail;
  And broke the knots, and let each dusty bale
  Slide from the saddle-horns, and give to see
  Long-hoarded treasure of great jewelry,
  And fragrant secrets of the Indian grove,
  And splendors of the Indian looms, inwove
  With gold and silver flowers: "for, now," said they,
  "Our eyes have seen this thing sought day by day;
  By the all-conscious, silent sky well-known,
  And, specially, of yon white star fore-shown
  Which, bursting magically on the sight,
  Beckoned us from our homes, shining aright,
  The silver beacon to this holy hill:
  Mark if it sparkles not, aware and still,
  Over the place: The astral houses, see!
  Spake truth: Our feet were guided faithfully.
  'Tis the Star-Child, who was to rise, and wear
  A crown than Suleiman's more royal and rare,
  'King of the Jews!' Grant an approach to us
  Who crave to worship Him."

                                  Now, it fell thus
  That these first to Jerusalem had passed,
  And sojourned there, observing feast and fast
  In the thronged city; oft of townsmen seen
  In market and bazaar; and, by their mien
  Noted for lordliest of all strangers there,
  Much whispered of, in sooth, as who saw clear
  Shadows of times to come, and secrets bright
  Writ in the jewelled cipher of the night.
  So that the voice of this to Herod went
  Feastful and fearful; ever ill-content
  Mid plots and perils; girt with singing boys,
  And dancing girls of Tyre, and armored noise
  Of Cæsar's legionaries. Long and near,
  In audience hall, each dusky wayfarer
  Questioned he of their knowledge, and the star,
  What message flashed it? Whether near or far
  Would rise this portent of a Babe to reign
  King of the Jews, and bring a crown again
  To weeping Zion, and cast forth from them
  The Roman scourge? And if at Bethlehem,
  As, with one voice, priests, elders, scribes aver,
  Then, let them thither wend, and spy the stir,
  And find this Babe, and come anew to him,
  Declaring where the wonder. "'Twas his whim"
  Quotha "to be of fashion with the stars,
  (Weary, like them, of gazing upon wars)
  To shine upon this suckling, bending knee
  Save unto Cæsar uncrooked latterly."

  Thence came it those three stood at entering
  Before the door; and their rich gifts did bring,
  Red gold from the Indian rocks, cunningly beat
  To plate and chalice, with old fables sweet
  Of Buddh's compassion, and dark Mara's powers
  Round the brims glittering; and a riot of flowers
  Done on the gold, with gold script to proclaim
  The Noble Truths, and Threefold mystic Name
  OM, and the Swastika, and how man wins
  Blessed Nirvana's rest, being quit of sins,
  And, day and night, reciting, "Oh, the Gem!
  Upon the Lotus! Oh, the Lotus-stem!"
  Also, more precious than much gold, they poured
  Rare spices forth, unknitting cord on cord;
  And, one by one, unwinding cloths, as though
  The merchantmen had sought to shut in so
  The breath of those distillings: in such kind
  As when Nile's black embalming slaves would bind
  Sindon o'er sindon, cere-cloth, cinglets, bands
  Roll after roll, on head, breast, feet, and hands,
  Round some dead king, whose cold and withered palm
  Had dropped the sceptre; drenched with musk and balm,
  And natron, and what keeps from perishing;
  So they might save--after long wandering--
  The body for the spirit, and hold fast
  Life's likeness, till the dead man lived at last.
  Thus, from their coats involved of leaves and silk,
  Slowly they freed the odorous thorn-tree's milk,
  The gray myrrh, and the cassia, and the spice,
  Filling the wind with frankincense past price,
  With hearts of blossoms from a hundred glens
  And essence of a thousand rose-gardens,
  Till the night's gloom like a royal curtain hung
  Jewelled with stars, and rich with fragrance flung
  Athwart the arch; and, in the cavern there
  The air around was as the breathing-air
  Of a queen's chamber, when she comes to bed,
  And all that glad earth owns gives goodlihead.

  Witness them entering,--these three from afar--
  Who knew the skies, and had the strange white star
  To light their nightly lamp, thro' deserts wide
  Of Bactria, and the Persic wastes, and tide
  Of Tigris and Euphrates; past the snow
  Of Ararat, and where the sand-winds blow
  O'er Ituræa; and the crimson peaks
  Of Moab, and the fierce, bright, barren reeks
  From Asphaltities; to this hill--to thee
  Bethlehem-Ephrata! Witness these three
  Gaze, hand in hand, with faces grave and mild,
  Where, 'mid the gear and goats, Mother and Child
  Make state and splendor for their eyes. Then lay
  Each stranger on the earth, in the Indian way,
  Paying the "eight prostrations;" and was heard
  Saying softly, in the Indian tongue, that word
  Wherewith a Prince is honored. Humbly ran,
  On this, the people of their caravan
  And fetch the gold, and--laid on gold--the spice,
  Frankincense, myrrh: and next, with reverence nice,
  Foreheads in dust, they spread the precious things
  At Mary's feet, and worship Him who clings
  To Mary's bosom drinking soft life so
  Who shall be life and light to all below.
  "For, now we see," say they, departing: "plain
  The star's word comes to pass! The Buddh again
  Appeareth, or some Bôddhisat of might
  Arising for the west, who shall set right,
  And serve and reconcile; and, maybe, teach
  Knowledge to those who know. We, brothers, each,
  Have heard yon shepherds babbling: if the sky
  Speaketh with such, heaven's mercy is drawn nigh!
  Well did we counsel, journeying to this place!
  Yon hour-old Babe, milking that breast of grace,
  The world will praise and worship, well-content."

  Then, fearing Herod, to their homes they went
  Musing along the road. But he alway
  Angered and troubled, bade his soldiers slay
  Whatever man-child sucked in Bethlehem.
  Lord! had'st Thou been all God, as pleaseth them
  Who poorly see Thy godlike self, and take
  True glory from Thee for false glory's sake:
  Co-equal power, as these--too bold--blaspheme,
  Ruler of what Thou camest to redeem;
  Not Babe Divine, feeling with touch of silk
  For fountains of a mortal Mother's milk
  With sweet mouth buried in the warm feast thus,
  And dear heart growing great to beat for us,
  And soft feet waiting till the way was spread
  Whereby what was true God in Thee should tread
  Triumphant over woe and death to bliss,--
  Thou, from Thy cradle would'st have stayed in this
  Those butchers! With one angel's swift decree,
  Out of the silver cohorts lackeying Thee,
  Thou had'st thrust down the bitter prince who killed
  Thine innocents! Would'st Thou not? Was't not willed?
  Alas! "Peace and good-will" in agony
  Found first fruits! Rama heard that woful cry
  Of Rachel weeping for the children; lone,
  Uncomforted, because her babes are gone.
  Herod the King! hast thou heard Rachel's wail
  Where restitution is? Did aught avail
  Somewhere? at last? past life? after long stress
  Of heavy shame to bring forgetfulness?
  If such grace be, no hopeless sin is wrought;
  Thy bloody blade missed what its vile edge sought;
  Mother, and Child, and Joseph--safe from thee--
  Journey to Egypt, while the eastern Three
  Wind homewards, lightened of their spice and gold;
  And those great days, that were to be, unfold
  In the fair fields beside the shining sea
  Which rolls, 'mid palms and rocks, in Galilee.

                    _Sir Edwin Arnold._

_It Brings Good Cheer._

  "You may talk of Country Christmasses,
  Their thirty pound butter'd eggs, their pies of carps' tongues;
  Their pheasants drench'd with ambergris; the carcasses of three fat
  wethers bruised for gravy to make sauce for a single peacock!"



  All you that to feasting and mirth are inclined,
  Come, here is good news for to pleasure your mind;
  Old Christmas is come for to keep open house,
  He scorns to be guilty of starving a mouse.
  Then come, boys, and welcome for diet the chief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  A long time together he hath been forgot,
  They scarce could afford to hang on the pot;
  Such miserly sneaking in England hath been,
  As by our forefathers ne'er us'd to be seen;
  But now he's returned, you shall have in brief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  The times were ne'er good since Old Christmas was fled,
  And all hospitality hath been so dead;
  No mirth at our festivals late did appear,
  They scarcely would part with a cup of March beer;
  But now you shall have for the ease of your grief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  The butler and baker, they now may be glad,
  The times they are mended, though they have been bad;
  The brewer, he likewise may be of good cheer,
  He shall have good trading for ale and strong beer;
  All trades shall be jolly, and have for relief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  The holly and ivy about the walls wind,
  And show that we ought to our neighbors be kind,
  Inviting each other for pastime and sport,
  And where we best fare, there we most do resort;
  We fail not of victuals, and that of the chief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  The cooks shall be busied by day and by night,
  In roasting and boiling, for taste and delight;
  Their senses in liquor that's nappy they'll steep,
  Though they be afforded to have little sleep;
  They still are employed for to dress us in brief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  Although the cold weather doth hunger provoke,
  'Tis a comfort to see how the chimneys do smoke;
  Provision is making for beer, ale, and wine,
  For all that are willing or ready to dine:
  Then haste to the kitchen for diet the chief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  All travellers, as they do pass on their way,
  At gentlemen's halls are invited to stay,
  Themselves to refresh, and their horses to rest,
  Since that he must be Old Christmas's guest;
  Nay, the poor shall not want, but have for relief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  Now Mock-beggar-hall it no more shall stand empty,
  But all shall be furnisht with freedom and plenty;
  The hoarding old misers, who us'd to preserve
  The gold in their coffers, and see the poor starve,
  Must now spread their tables, and give them in brief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  The court, and the city, and country are glad,
  Old Christmas is come to cheer up the sad;
  Broad pieces and guineas about now shall fly,
  And hundreds be losers by cogging a die,
  Whilst others are feasting with diet the chief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  Those that have no coin at the cards for to play,
  May sit by the fire and pass time away,
  And drink of their moisture contented and free,
  "My honest, good fellow, come, here is to thee!"
  And when they are hungry, fall to their relief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  Young gallants and ladies shall foot it along,
  Each room in the house to the music shall throng,
  Whilst jolly carouses about they shall pass,
  And each country swain trip about with his lass;
  Meantime goes the caterer to fetch in the chief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  The cooks and the scullion, who toil in their frocks,
  Their hopes do depend upon their Christmas-box;
  There is very few that do live on the earth
  But enjoy at this time either profit or mirth;
  Yea, those that are charged to find all relief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  Then well may we welcome Old Christmas to town,
  Who brings us good cheer and good liquor so brown;
  To pass the cold winter away with delight,
  We feast it all day, and we frolic all night;
  Both hunger and cold we keep out with relief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

  Then let all curmudgeons who dote on their wealth,
  And value their treasure much more than their health,
  Go hang themselves up, if they will be so kind;
  Old Christmas with them but small welcome shall find;
  They will not afford to themselves without grief,
  Plum-pudding, goose, capon, minced-pies, and roast-beef.

                    _Evans' Old Ballads._


  My master and dame, I well perceive,
    Are purposed to be merry to-night,
  And willingly hath given me leave
    To combat with a Christmas Knight.
  Sir Pig, I see, comes prancing in
    And bids me draw if that I dare;
  I care not for his valor a pin,
    For Jack of him will have a share.

  My lady goose among the rest
    Upon the table takes her place,
  And piping-hot bids do my best,
    And bravely looks me in the face;
  For pigs and geese are gallant cheer,
    God bless my master and dame therefore!
  I trust before the next New Year
    To eat my part of half a score.

  I likewise see good minced-pie
    Here standing swaggering on the table;
  The lofty walls so large and high
    I'll level down if I be able;
  For they be furnished with good plums,
    And spiced well with pepper and salt,
  Every prune as big as both my thumbs
    To drive down bravely the juice of malt.

  Fill me some of your Christmas beer,
    Your pepper sets my mouth on heat,
  And Jack's a-dry with your good cheer,
    Give me some good ale to my meat.
  And then again my stomach I'll show,
    For good roast-beef here stoutly stands;
  I'll make it stoop before I go,
    Or I'll be no man of my hands.

  And for the plenty of this house
    God keep it thus well-stored alway;
  Come, butler, fill me a good carouse,
    And so we'll end our Christmas day.

                    _New Christmas Carols._


  Now Christmas comes, 'tis fit that we
  Should feast and sing and merry be,
  Keep open house, let fiddlers play;
  A fig for cold, sing care away!
  And may they who thereat repine,
  On brown bread and on small beer dine.
  Make fires with logs, let the cooks sweat
  With boiling and with roasting meat;
  Let ovens be heat for fresh supplies
  Of puddings, pasties, and minced-pies.
  And whilst that Christmas doth abide
  Let butt'ry-door stand open wide.
  Hang up those churls that will not feast
  Or with good fellows be a guest,
  And hang up those would take away
  The observation of that day;
  O may they never minced-pies eat,
  Plum-pudding, roast-beef, nor such meat.
  But blest be they, awake and sleep,
  Who at that time a good house keep;
  May never want come nigh their door,
  Who at that time relieve the poor;
  Be plenty always in their house
  Of beef, veal, lamb, pork, mutton, souse.

                    _Poor Robin's Almanac._


  Now thrice welcome, Christmas,
    Which brings us good cheer,
  Minced-pies and plum porridge,
    Good ale and strong beer;
  With pig, goose, and capon,
    The best that may be,
  So well doth the weather
    And our stomachs agree.

  Observe how the chimneys
    Do smoke all about;
  The cooks are providing
    For dinner, no doubt;
  But those on whose tables
    No victuals appear,
  O may they keep Lent
    All the rest of the year.

  With holly and ivy
    So green and so gay,
  We deck up our houses
    As fresh as the day;
  With bay and rosemary
    And laurel complete;
  And every one now
    Is a king in conceit.

                    _Poor Robin's Almanac._


  Provide for Christmas ere that it do come,
  To feast thy neighbor good cheer to have some;
  Good bread and drink, a fire in the hall,
  Brawn, pudding, souse, and good mustard withal.
  Beef, mutton, pork, and shred pies of the best,
  Pig, veal, goose, capon, and turkey well drest;
  Apples and nuts to throw about the hall,
  That boys and girls may scramble for them all.
  Sing jolly carols, make the fiddlers play,
  Let scrupulous fanatics keep away;
  For oftentimes seen no arranter knave
  Than some who do counterfeit most to be grave.

                    _Poor Robin's Almanac._


  With merry glee and solace
  This second day of Christmas
    Now comes in bravely to my master's house,
  Where plenty of good cheer I see,
  With that which most contenteth me,
    As brawn and bacon, powdered beef, and souse.

  For the love of Stephen,
  That blessed saint of heaven,
    Which stonéd was for Jesus Christ his sake,
  Let us all, both more and less,
  Cast away all heaviness,
    And in a sober manner merry make.

  He was a man belovéd,
  And his faith approvéd
    By suffering death on this holy day,
  Where he with gentle patience
  And a constant sufferance,
    Hath taught us all to heaven the ready way.

  So let our mirth be civil,
  That not one thought of evil
    May take possession of our hearts at all,
  So shall we love and favor get
  Of them that kindly thus do set
    Their bounties here so freely in this hall.

  Of delicates so dainty,
  I see now here is plenty
    Upon this table ready here prepared;
  Then let us now give thanks to those
  That all things friendly thus bestows,
    Esteeming not this world that is so hard.

  For of the same my master
  Hath made me here a taster;
    The Lord above requite him for the same!
  And so to all within this house
  I will drink a full carouse,
    With leave of my good master and my dame.

  And the Lord be praised
  My stomach is well eased,
    My bones at quiet may go take their rest;
  Good fortune surely follow me
  To bring me thus so luckily
    To eat and drink so freely of the best.

                    _New Christmas Carols, A.D. 1661._


  In honor of Saint John we thus
    Do keep good Christmas cheer;
  And he that comes to dine with us,
    I think he need not spare.
  The butcher he hath killed good beef,
    The caterer brings it in;
  But Christmas pies are still the chief,
    If that I durst begin.

  Our bacon-hogs are full and fat
    To make us brawn and souse;
  Full well may I rejoice thereat
    To see them in the house.
  But yet the minced-pie it is
    That sets my teeth on water;
  Good mistress, let me have a bit,
    For I do long thereafter.

  And I will fetch you water in
    To brew and bake withal,
  Your love and favor still to win
    When as you please to call.
  Then grant me, dame, your love and leave
    To taste your pie-meat here;
  It is the best, in my conceit,
    Of all your Christmas-cheer.

  The cloves, and mace, and gallant plums
    That here on heaps do lie,
  And prunes as big as both my thumbs,
    Enticeth much mine eye.
  Oh, let me eat my belly-full
    Of your good Christmas-pie;
  Except thereat I have a pull,
    I think I sure shall die.

  Good master, stand my loving friend,
    For Christmas-time is short,
  And when it comes unto an end
    I may no longer sport;
  Then while it doth continue here,
    Let me such labor find
  To eat my fill of that good cheer
    That best doth please my mind.

  Then I shall thank my dame therefore,
    That gives her kind consent
  That Jack, your boy, with others more,
    May have this Christmas spent
  In pleasant mirth and merry glee,
    As young men most delight;
  For that's the only sport for me,
    And so God give you all good-night.

                    _New Christmas Carols, A.D. 1661._


  Now that the time is come wherein
    Our Saviour Christ was born,
  The larders full of beef and pork,
    The garners filled with corn;
  As God hath plenty to thee sent,
    Take comfort of thy labors,
  And let it never thee repent
    To feast thy needy neighbors.

  Let fires in every chimney be
    That people they may warm them;
  Tables with dishes covered,--
    Good victuals will not harm them.
  With mutton, veal, beef, pig, and pork,
    Well furnish every board;
  Plum-pudding, furmety, and what
    Thy stock will them afford.

  No niggard of thy liquor be,
    Let it go round thy table;
  People may freely drink, but not
    So long as they are able.
  Good customs they may be abused,
    Which makes rich men to slack us;
  This feast is to relieve the poor,
    And not to drunken Bacchus.

  This, if thou doest,
    'Twill credit raise thee;
  God will thee bless,
    And neighbors praise thee.

                    _Poor Robin's Almanac._


  The great King Arthur made a royal feast,
    And held his Royal Christmas at Carlisle,
  And thither came the vassals, most and least,
    From every corner of the British Isle;
  And all were entertained, both man and beast,
    According to their rank, in proper style;
  The steeds were fed and littered in the stable,
  The ladies and the knights sat down to table.

  The bill of fare (as you may well suppose)
    Was suited to those plentiful old times,
  Before our modern luxuries arose,
    With truffles, and ragouts, and various crimes;
  And, therefore, from the original in prose
    I shall arrange the catalogue in rhymes:
  They served up salmon, venison and wild boars
  By hundreds, and by dozens, and by scores.

  Hogsheads of honey, kilderkins of mustard,
    Muttons, and fatted beeves, and bacon swine;
  Herons and bitterns, peacocks, swan, and bustard,
    Teal, mallard, pigeons, widgeons, and, in fine.
  Plum-puddings, pancakes, apple-pies, and custard,
    And therewithal they drank good Gascon wine,
  With mead, and ale, and cider of our own;
  For porter, punch, and negus were not known.

  All sorts of people there were seen together,
    All sorts of characters, all sorts of dresses;
  The fool with fox's tail and peacock feather,
    Pilgrims, and penitents, and grave burgesses;
  The country people with their coats of leather,
    Vintners and victuallers with cans and messes,
  Grooms, archers, varlets, falconers, and yeomen,
  Damsels, and waiting-maids, and waiting-women.

                    _John Hookham Frere._


  "Sleep, my little one,
  Sleep, my pretty one,



      Lully, lulla, thow littel tine child;
  By, by, lully, lullay, thow littell tyne child;
                        By, by, lully, lullay.

  O sisters too! how may we do,
    For to preserve this day
  This pore yongling, for whom we do sing
    By, by, lully, lullay.

  Herod the King, in his raging,
    Chargid he hath this day
  His men of might, in his owne sight,
    All yonge children to slay.

  That wo is me, pore child for the!
    And ever morne and day,
  For the parting nether say nor singe
    By, by, lully, lullay.

                    _Coventry Mysteries._

[Illustration: A Vision]


  Ah, my dear Son, said Mary, ah, my dear,
  Kiss thy mother, Jesu, with a laughing cheer!

      This endnes[G] night I saw a sight
        All in my sleep,
      Mary, that May, she sung lullay
        And sore did weep;
      To keep, she sought, full fast about
        Her Son from cold.
      Joseph said, Wife, my joy, my life,
        Say what ye would.
      Nothing, my spouse, is in this house
        Unto my pay;[H]
      My Son a king, that made all thing,
        Lieth in hay.
                Ah, my dear Son! etc.

      My mother dear, amend your cheer
        And now be still;
      Thus for to lie it is soothly
        My Father's will.
      Derision, great passion,
      As it is found many a wound
        Suffer shall I;
      On Calvary that is so high
        There shall I be,
      Man to restore, nailéd full sore
        Upon a tree.
                Ah, my dear Son! etc.

                    _Sandy's Christmas Carols._


[G] Last.

[H] Content.


  My sweet little baby, what meanest thou to cry?
  Be still, my blesséd babe, though cause thou hast to mourn,
  Whose blood most innocent to shed the cruel king hath sworn;
  And lo, alas! behold what slaughter he doth make,
  Shedding the blood of infants all, sweet Saviour, for thy sake.
  A King, a King is born, they say, which King this king would kill:
  O woe and woful heavy day when wretches have their will!
                Lulla, la lulla, lulla lullaby.

  Three kings this King of kings to see are come from far,
  To each unknown, with offerings great, by guiding of a star;
  And shepherds heard the song, which angels bright did sing,
  Giving all glory unto God for coming of this King,
  Which must be made away--King Herod would him kill;
  O woe and woful heavy day when wretches have their will?
                              Lulla, etc.

  Lo, lo, my little babe, be still, lament no more;
  From fury thou shalt step aside, help have we still in store:
  We heavenly warning have some other soil to seek;
  From death must fly the Lord of life, as lamb both mild and meek:
  Thus must my babe obey the king that would him kill;
  O woe and woful heavy day when wretches have their will!
                              Lulla, etc.

  But thou shalt live and reign, as sibyls hath foresaid,
  As all the prophets prophesy, whose mother, yet a maid
  And perfect virgin pure, with her breasts shall upbreed
  Both God and man that all hath made, the son of heavenly seed:
  Whom caitives none can 'tray, whom tyrants none can kill:
  O joy and joyful happy day when wretches want their will!
                              Lulla, etc.

                    _Byrd's Psalmes, Sonets, etc., A.D. 1588._


          This endris night[I]
          I saw a sight,
            A star as bright as day;
          And ever among
          A maiden sung,
            Lullay, by by, lullay.

  This lovely lady sat and sang, and to her child she said,--
  "My son, my brother, my father dear, why liest thou thus in hayd?[J]
          My sweet bird,
          Thus it is betide
            Though thou be king veray;
          But, nevertheless,
          I will not cease
            To sing, by by, lullay."

  The child then spake; in his talking he to his mother said,--
  "I bekid[K] am king, in crib though I be laid;
          For angels bright
          Down to me light,
            Thou knowest it is no nay,
          And of that sight
          Thou mayest be light
            To sing, by by, lullay."

  "Now, sweet Son, since thou art king, why art thou laid in stall?
  Why not thou ordain thy bedding in some great kingès hall?
          Methinketh it is right
          That king or knight
            Should be in good array;
          And them among
          It were no wrong
            To sing, by by, lullay."

  "Mary, mother, I am thy child, though I be laid in stall,
  Lords and dukes shall worship me and so shall kingès all.
          Ye shall well see
          That kingès three
            Shall come on the twelfth day;
          For this behest
          Give me thy breast
            And sing, by by, lullay."

  "Now tell me, sweet Son, I thee pray, thou art my love and dear,
  How should I keep thee to thy pay[L] and make thee glad of cheer?
          For all thy will
          I would fulfil
            Thou weet'st full well in fay,
          And for all this
          I will thee kiss,
            And sing, by by, lullay."

  "My dear mother, when time it be, take thou me up aloft,
  And set me upon thy knee and handle me full soft.
          And in thy arm
          Thou wilt me warm,
            And keep me night and day;
          If I weep
          And may not sleep
            Thou sing, by by, lullay."

  "Now, sweet Son, since it is so, all things are at thy will,
  I pray thee grant to me a boon if it be right and skill,
          That child or man,
          That will or can,
            Be merry upon my day;
          To bliss them bring,
          And I shall sing,
            Lullay, by by, lullay."


[I] Endris night: last night.

[J] Hay.

[K] Nevertheless.

[L] Peace.


  Sweet baby, sleep; what ails my dear?
    What ails my darling thus to cry?
  Be still, my child, and lend thine ear
    To hear me sing thy lullaby.
      My pretty lamb, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my dear; sweet baby, sleep.

  Thou blessed soul, what canst thou fear?
    What things to thee can mischief do?
  Thy God is now thy Father dear;
    His holy Spouse thy Mother, too.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  Whilst thus thy lullaby I sing,
    For thee great blessings ripening be;
  Thine eldest brother is a king,
    And hath a kingdom bought for thee.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  Sweet baby, sleep, and nothing fear,
    For whosoever thee offends,
  By thy protector threatened are,
    And God and angels are thy friends.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  When God with us was dwelling here,
    In little babes he took delight:
  Such innocents as thou, my dear,
    Are ever precious in his sight.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  A little infant once was he,
    And Strength-in-Weakness then was laid
  Upon his Virgin-Mother's knee,
    That power to thee might be conveyed.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  In this thy frailty and thy need
    He friends and helpers doth prepare,
  Which thee shall cherish, clothe, and feed,
    For of thy weal they tender are.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  The King of kings, when he was born,
    Had not so much for outward ease;
  By him such dressings were not worn,
    Nor such-like swaddling-clothes as these.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  Within a manger lodged thy Lord,
    Where oxen lay and asses fed;
  Warm rooms we do to thee afford,
    An easy cradle or a bed.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  The wants that he did then sustain
    Have purchased wealth, my babe, for thee,
  And by his torments and his pain
    Thy rest and ease secured be.
      My baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

  Thou hast (yet more), to perfect this,
    A promise and an earnest got
  Of gaining everlasting bliss,
    Though thou, my babe, perceiv'st it not.
      Sweet baby, then, forbear to weep;
      Be still, my babe; sweet baby, sleep.

                    _George Wither._


  The Virgin stills the crying
  Of Jesus, sleepless lying;
  And singing for his pleasure,
  Thus calls upon her treasure,
  "My darling, do not weep, my Jesu, sleep!"

  O lamb, my love inviting,
  O star, my soul delighting,
  O flower of mine own bearing,
  O jewel past comparing!
                My darling, etc.

  My Child, of might indwelling,
  My sweet, all sweets excelling,
  Of bliss the fountain flowing,
  The dayspring ever glowing
                My darling, etc.

  My joy, my exultation,
  My spirit's consolation;
  My son, my spouse, my brother,
  O listen to thy mother!
                My darling, etc.

  Say, would'st thou heavenly sweetness,
  Or love of answering meetness?
  Or is fit music wanting?
  Ho! angels, raise your chanting!
                My darling, etc.

                    _Translated from the Latin by Rev. H. R. Bramley._


  Holy angels and blest,
    Through these Palms as ye sweep,
  Hold their branches at rest,
    For my Babe is asleep.

  And ye, Bethlehem palm-trees,
    As stormy winds rush
  In tempest and fury
    Your angry noise hush;--
  Move gently, move gently,
    Restrain your wild sweep;
  Hold your branches at rest--
    My Babe is asleep.

                    _Lope de Vega._


  Sleep, baby, sleep! The Mother sings;
  Heaven's angels kneel and fold their wings:
              Sleep, baby, sleep!

  With swathes of scented hay thy bed
  By Mary's hand at eve was spread.
              Sleep, baby, sleep!

  At midnight came the shepherds, they
  Whom seraphs wakened by the way.
              Sleep, baby, sleep!

  And three kings from the East afar
  Ere dawn came, guided by thy star.
              Sleep, baby, sleep!

  They brought thee gifts of gold and gems,
  Pure orient pearls, rich diadems.
              Sleep, baby, sleep!

  But thou who liest slumbering there,
  Art King of kings, earth, ocean, air.
              Sleep, baby, sleep!

  Sleep, baby, sleep! The shepherds sing:
  Through heaven, through earth, hosannas ring.
              Sleep, baby, sleep!

                    _John Addington Symonds._


      Dormi, Jesu! Mater ridet
      Quæ tam dulcem somnum videt,
        Dormi, Jesu! blandule!
      Si non dormis, Mater plorat
      Inter fila cantans orat,
        Blande, veni, somnule.


  Sleep, sweet babe! my cares beguiling:
  Mother sits beside thee smiling;
    Sleep, my darling, tenderly!
  If thou sleep not, mother mourneth,
  Singing as her wheel she turneth:
    Come soft slumber, balmily!

                    _Samuel Taylor Coleridge._


  Upon my lap my sovereign sits
  And sucks upon my breast;
  Meantime his love maintains my life
  And gives my sense her rest.
    Sing lullaby, my little boy,
    Sing lullaby, mine only joy!

  When thou hast taken thy repast,
  Repose, my babe, on me;
  So may thy mother and thy nurse
  Thy cradle also be.
    Sing lullaby, my little boy,
    Sing lullaby, mine only joy!

  I grieve that duty doth not work
  All that my wishing would,
  Because I would not be to thee
  But in the best I should.
    Sing lullaby, my little boy,
    Sing lullaby, mine only joy!

  Yet as I am, and as I may
  I must and will be thine,
  Though all too little for thyself
  Vouchsafing to be mine.
    Sing lullaby, my little boy,
    Sing lullaby, mine only joy!

                    _Martin Peerson, A.D. 1620._


  Sweet dreams, form a shade
  O'er my lovely infant's head!
  Sweet dreams of pleasant streams
  By happy, silent, moony beams!

  Sweet sleep, with soft down
  Weave thy brows an infant crown!
  Sweet sleep, angel mild,
  Hover o'er my happy child!

  Sweet smiles, in the night
  Hover over my delight!
  Sweet smiles, mother's smile
  All the livelong night beguile.

  Sweet moans, dovelike sighs,
  Chase not slumber from thine eyes!
  Sweet moan, sweeter smile,
  All the dovelike moans beguile!

  Sleep, sleep, happy child!
  All creation slept and smiled.
  Sleep, sleep, happy sleep,
  While o'er thee doth mother weep.

  Sweet babe, in thy face
  Holy image I can trace;
  Sweet babe, once like thee
  Thy Maker lay and wept for me:

  Wept for me, for thee, for all,
  When he was an infant small;
  Thou his image ever see,
  Heavenly face that smiles on thee!

  Smiles on thee, on me, on all,
  Who became an infant small,
  Infant smiles are his own smiles:
  Heaven and earth to peace beguiles.

                    _William Blake._


     But see, the Virgin blest
     Hath laid her babe to rest.



    Sleep, sleep, mine Holy One!
  My flesh, my Lord!--what name? I do not know
  A name that seemeth not too high or low,
    Too far from me or heaven.
  My Jesus, that is best! that word being given
  By the majestic angel whose command
  Was softly as a man's beseeching said,
  When I and all the earth appeared to stand
    In the great overflow
  Of light celestial from his wings and head.
    Sleep, sleep, my saving One!


  And art Thou come for saving, baby-browed
  And speechless Being--art Thou come for saving?
  The palm that grows beside our door is bowed
  By treadings of the low wind from the south,
  A restless shadow through the chamber waving:
  Upon its bough a bird sings in the sun;
  But Thou, with that close slumber on thy mouth,
  Dost seem of wind and sun already weary.
  Art come for saving, O my weary One?


  Perchance this sleep that shutteth out the dreary
  Earth-sounds and motions, opens on Thy soul
  High dreams on fire with God;
  High songs that make the pathways where they roll
  More bright than stars do theirs; and visions new
  Of Thine eternal nature's old abode.
    Suffer this mother's kiss,
    Best thing that earthly is,
  To guide the music and the glory through,
  Nor narrow in Thy dream the broad upliftings
    Of any seraph wing!
  Thus, noiseless, thus. Sleep, sleep, my dreaming One!


  The slumber of His lips meseems to run
  Through my lips to mine heart; to all its shiftings
  Of sensual life, bring contrariousness
  In a great calm. I feel, I could lie down
  As Moses did, and die,[M]--and then live most.
  I am 'ware of you, heavenly Presences,
  That stand with your peculiar light unlost,
  Each forehead with a high thought for a crown,
  Unsunned i' the sunshine! I am 'ware. Yet throw
  No shade against the wall! How motionless
  Ye round me with your living statuary,
  While through your whiteness, in and outwardly,
  Continual thoughts of God appear to go,
  Like light's soul in itself! I bear, I bear,
  To look upon the dropt lids of your eyes,
  Though their external shining testifies
  To that beatitude within, which were
  Enough to blast an eagle at his sun.
  I fall not on my sad clay face before ye;
    I look on His. I know
  My spirit which dilateth with the woe
    Of His mortality,
    May well contain your glory.
    Yea, drop your lids more low,
  Ye are but fellow-worshippers with me!
    Sleep, sleep, my worshipped One!


  We sate among the stalls at Bethlehem.
  The dumb kine from their fodder turning them,
    Softened their horned faces
    To almost human gazes
    Towards the newly born.
  The simple shepherds from the star-lit brooks
    Brought visionary looks,
  As yet in their astonished hearing rung
    The strange, sweet angel-tongue.
  The magi of the East, in sandals worn,
    Knelt reverent, sweeping round,
  With long pale beards their gifts upon the ground,
    The incense, myrrh and gold,
  These baby hands were impotent to hold.
  So, let all earthlies and celestials wait
    Upon thy royal state!
    Sleep, sleep, my kingly One!


  I am not proud--meek angels, ye invest
  New meeknesses to hear such utterance rest
  On mortal lips,--"I am not proud"--not proud!
  Albeit in my flesh God sent His Son,
  Albeit over Him my head is bowed
  As others bow before Him, still mine heart
  Bows lower than their knees. O centuries
  That roll, in vision, your futurities
    My future grave athwart,--
  Whose murmurs seem to reach me while I keep
    Watch o'er this sleep,--
  Say of me as the heavenly said,--"Thou art
  The blessedest of women!"--blessedest,
  Not holiest, not noblest,--no high name,
  Whose height misplaced may pierce me like a shame,
  When I sit meek in heaven!


                      For me--for me--
  God knows that I am feeble like the rest!--
  I often wandered forth, more child than maiden,
  Among the midnight hills of Galilee,
    Whose summits looked heaven-laden;
  Listening to silence as it seemed to be
  God's voice, so soft yet strong--so fain to press
  Upon my heart as heaven did on the height,
  And waken up its shadows by a light,
  And show its vileness by a holiness.
  Then I knelt down most silent like the night,
    Too self-renounced for fears,
  Raising my small face to the boundless blue
  Whose stars did mix and tremble in my tears.
  God heard them falling after--with His dew.


  So, seeing my corruption, can I see.
  This Incorruptible now born of me
  This fair new Innocence no sun did chance
  To shine on, (for even Adam was no child,)
  Created from my nature all defiled,
  This mystery from out mine ignorance--
  Nor feel the blindness, stain, corruption, more
  Than others do, or I did heretofore?--
  Can hands wherein such burden pure has been,
  Not open with the cry, "Unclean, unclean!"
  More oft than any else beneath the skies?
    Ah King, ah Christ, ah Son!
  The kine, the shepherds, the abased wise,
    Must all less lowly wait
    Than I, upon thy state!--
    Sleep, sleep, my kingly One!


  Art Thou a King, then? Come, His universe,
    Come, crown me Him a king!
  Pluck rays from all such stars as never fling
    Their light where fell a curse.
  And make a crowning for this kingly brow!--
  What is my word?--Each empyreal star
    Sits in a sphere afar
    In shining ambuscade:
    The child-brow, crowned by none,
    Keeps its unchildlike shade.
    Sleep, sleep, my crownless One!


  Unchildlike shade!--no other babe doth wear
  An aspect very sorrowful, as Thou.--
  No small babe-smiles, my watching heart has seen,
  To float like speech the speechless lips between;
  No dovelike cooing in the golden air,
  No quick short joys of leaping babyhood.
    Alas, our earthly good
  In heaven thought evil, seems too good for Thee:
    Yet, sleep, my weary One!


  And then the drear, sharp tongue of prophecy,
  With the dread sense of things which shall be done,
  Doth smite me inly, like a sword--a sword?--
  (That "smites the Shepherd!") then I think aloud
  The words "despised,"--"rejected,"--every word
  Recoiling into darkness as I view
    The darling on my knee.
  Bright angels,--move not!--lest ye stir the cloud
  Betwixt my soul and His futurity!
  I must not die, with mother's work to do,
    And could not live--and see.


    It is enough to bear
    This image still and fair--
    This holier in sleep,
    Than a saint at prayer:
    This aspect of a child
    Who never sinned or smiled--
    This presence in an infant's face:
    This sadness most like love,
    This love than love more deep,
    This weakness like omnipotence,
    It is so strong to move!
    Awful is this watching place,
    Awful what I see from hence--
    A king, without regalia,
    A God, without the thunder,
    A child, without the heart for play;
    Ay, a Creator rent asunder
    From His first glory and cast away
    On His own world, for me alone
  To hold in hands created, crying--Son!


    That tear fell not on Thee
  Beloved, yet Thou stirrest in Thy slumber!
  Thou, stirring not for glad sounds out of number
  Which through the vibratory palm-trees run
    From summer wind and bird,
    So quickly hast Thou heard
    A tear fall silently?--
    Wak'st Thou, O loving One?

                    _Elizabeth Barrett Browning._


[M] It is a Jewish tradition that Moses died of the kisses of God's


  Baby, baby dear,
  Earth and heaven are near
  Now, for heaven is here.

  Heaven is every place
  Where your flower-sweet face
  Fills our eyes with grace.

  Till your own eyes deign
  Earth a glance again,
  Earth and heaven are twain.

  Now your sleep is done,
  Shine, and show the sun
  Earth and heaven are one.

                    _Algernon Charles Swinburne._



  Round about the casement
    Wail the winds of winter;
  Shaken from the frozen eaves
    Many an icy splinter.
  On the hillside, in the hollow,
    Weaving wreaths of snow:
  Now in gusts of solemn music
    Lost in murmurs low;
  Howling now across the wold
    In its shroudlike vastness,
  Like the wolves about a fold
    In some Alpine fastness,
  Hungered by the cold.


  Babe of mine--babe of mine,
    Must I lose you?
  Dare I weep if the Divine
    Will should choose you?--
  Ah, to mourn, as I have smiled,
  At the thought of you, my child!
      Ah, my child--my child!

  Babe of mine--you entwine
    With existence!
  If one strips the clinging vine
    There's resistance--
  Shall not I then----? I talk wild,
  Seeing Death so near my child:--
      Ah, my child--my child!

  Babe of mine--heart's best wine--
    Life's pure essence!
  Gloomy shadows, that define
    Death's near presence.
  Dim those dear eyes, undefiled
  As God's violets--ah, my child:
      Ah, my child--my child!

  The imperial purple of the night
    Is spread, wine-dark, above,
  But glistens with no gems of light,
    To hint of Heaven's love.
  A sombre pall hangs overhead,
  Fringed with lurid clouds of lead,--
  O'er the sleeping earth below
  One long, wide waste of silent snow,
  And the wind moans drearily
    As it wanders by,
  And the night wanes wearily
    In the starlight sky.


    Must the dear eyes close?
      Must the lips be still?--
    How I love their speech that flows
      Like a wanton rill!
    Must those cheeks, soft-tinged with rose,
      Pallid grow and chill?
  Give her back to me, angel in disguise!
  So your mystery I shall learn--yet with tearless eyes.
    By the pangs, the prayers,
      By the mother's glee,
    By her hopes, her fears, her cares,
      Give my child to me--
        Give it back to me!

    Quenched the eye's soft light,
      Hushed the cowslip breath!
    Going, darling, in the night?
      Spare--oh, spare her, Death!
    Dying--is it so?
      Oh, it must not be!
    Can my one poor treasure go?
      Give her back to me,
      Give her back to me:
  Or take me too,--left alone,
  Now my little one is gone;
    Ah, my child, my child!

  Among the clouds that sail o'erhead
  A yellow radiance is shed;
  And o'er the hill-tops wrapt in snow,
  Is born a tinge of rosy glow.
  Within the air a stir--like wings
  Of angels in their minist'rings;
  A tremulous motion, and a thrill,
  As with faint light the heavens fill.
  Night's sombre clouds are slow withdrawn,
  And nature cries, Awake, 'tis dawn.

    About the lonely casement
      Blows fresh the breath of day;--
    The mother, in amazement,
      Sees death-glooms fade away!

    The blue eyes open once again,
      Once more the lips have smiled--
    Her tears fell like the spring-time rain:
      God gives her back her child!

  Hush, there are footsteps on the snow,
  That pause the lattice-pane below;
  While voices chant the carol-rhymes,
  The Christmas song of olden times:

    Awake, good Christians! Long ago
      The shepherds waked at night,
    And saw the heavens with glory glow,
      And angels in the light.
        Hosanna! sing, Hosanna! sing,
          Hosanna in the height!

    New life they told to all on earth,
      New life and blessing bright,
    Forewarning of the Saviour's birth,
      In Bethlehem this night.
        Hosanna! sing, Hosanna! sing,
          Hosanna in the height!

    New life to all,--new life to all,--
      The tidings good recite!
    New life to all, which did befall
      At Bethlehem this night.
        Hosanna! sing, Hosanna! sing,
          Hosanna in the height!

    The voices hushed--the footsteps died
      In distance far aloof,
    It seemed a blessing did abide
      Upon that silent roof,
    As far away their cheery singing
    Upon the frosty air came ringing.

  Among the clouds that sail o'erhead
  A yellow glory is outspread;
  And on the hill-tops crowned with snows,
  A rosy blushing radiance grows,
  As wider still the warm light glows:
  And flooding daylight falls again
  From cloud to hill--from hill to plain.

  A golden sea of swimming light
  Poured o'er the sombre shores of night,
  While the glad mother, to her breast
  Her child yet close and closer pressed,
  Her rescued treasure--newly born--
  Her babe--given back on Christmas morn.

                    _Thomas Hood._


  Hush! my dear, lie still and slumber,
    Holy Angels guard thy bed;
  Heavenly blessings without number
    Gently falling on thy head.

  Sleep, my babe; thy food and raiment,
    House and home, thy friends provide;
  All without thy care or payment,
    All thy wants are well supplied.

  How much better thou'rt attended
    Than the Son of God could be,
  When from heaven He descended,
    And became a child like thee!

  Soft and easy is thy cradle:
    Coarse and hard thy Saviour lay,
  When His birthplace was a stable,
    And His softest bed was hay.

  See the kinder shepherds round Him,
    Telling wonders from the sky!
  Where they sought Him, there they found Him
    With His Virgin-Mother by.

  See the lovely Babe a-dressing;
    Lovely Infant, how He smiled!
  When He wept, the Mother's blessing
    Soothed and hush'd the holy Child.

  Lo, He slumbers in His manger,
    Where the hornéd oxen fed;
  --Peace, my darling, here's no danger;
    Here's no ox a-near thy bed!

  May'st thou live to know and fear Him,
    Trust and love Him all thy days;
  Then go dwell forever near Him,
    See His face and sing His praise!

  I could give thee thousand kisses,
    Hoping what I most desire;
  Not a mother's fondest wishes
    Can to greater joys aspire.

                    _Isaac Watts._


  Good-night, good-night, the day is done;
  Rock, rock the cradle, little one;
  The lamp is low, and low the sun,

  Good-night, good-night, the Christmas bough
  Bends to the rocking wind, and thou
  To mother's ditty noddest now,

  Good-night, good-night, the holy day
  Bring baby sweets, and sweets alway!
  Rock, rock--then, tiptoe, steal away,

                    _H. S. M._


Transcriber's Notes:

A number of the poems contain archaic and varied spelling. This has
been left as printed, with the exception of the following few printer

Page 51--nothin.' amended to nothin'.--"Jes sayin' nothin'. That
was why ..."

Page 59--joyfulst amended to joyful'st--"So, now is come our
joyful'st feast,"

Page 70--convivo amended to convivio--"Quot estis in convivio."

Illustrations have been shifted slightly, so that they are not in the
middle of poems. Captions have been added from the List of
Illustrations. The first illustration was located as a frontispiece in
the book, but has been moved closer to the page number given in the
List of Illustrations here.

Page 97 contains the line "Bears home the huge unwieldly
logs,"--unwieldly may or may not be a printer error, so it has been
left as printed.

Page 152 contains the line "The Phoenix builds the Phoenix nest,"--the
oe in both occurrences of Phoenix was printed as a ligature, which has
not been retained for this text version.

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