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Title: Notes and Queries, Number 14, February 2, 1850
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Notes and Queries, Number 14, February 2, 1850" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.



       *       *       *       *       *

"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. 14.] SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1850 [Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.

       *       *       *       *       * {209}


  Reprints of Old Books, by J.P. Collier. 209
  Catacombs and Bone-houses. 210
  Lines attributed to Hudibras. 210
  Notes from Fly-leaves, No. 5. 211
  The Pursuits of Literature. 212

  Barryana. 212
  Nine Queries by the Rev. J. Jebb. 212
  Minor Queries:--Mowbray Coheirs--Draytone and
    Yong--Fraternity of Christian Doctrine--Treatise
    by Engelbert--New Year's Day Custom--Under the
    Rose--Norman Pedigrees--Dr. Johnson's Library--Golden
    Frog--Singular Motto--Sir Stephen Fox--Antony
    Alsop--Derivation of Calamity, &c. 213

  Field of Forty Footsteps, by E.F. Rimbault. 217
  Queries answered, No. 4.--Pokership, by Bolton Corney. 218
  Mertens the Printer. 218
  Etymology of Armagh. 218
  Matters of the Revels, by E.F. Rimbault. 219
  Replies to Minor Queries:--Red Maids--Poetical Symbolism--Fraternitye
    of Vagabondes--Anonymous Ravennas--Dick Shore--Travelling in
    England--Sanuto--Darnley's Birth-place--History of Edward II., &c. 219

MISCELLANIES:--Gray's Elegy--Shylock--Sonnet--The
    Devotee--By Hook or by Crook--Macaulay's Young
    Levite--Praise undeserved--Cowper's "Task". 221

  Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 223
  Books and Odd Volumes wanted. 223
  Notices to Correspondents. 223
  Advertisements. 224

       *       *       *       *       *


Most people are aware of the great demand there is for English
literature, and indeed for all literature in the United States: for some
years the anxiety of persons in that part of the world to obtain copies
of our early printed books, prose, poetry, and plays, has been well
known to such as collect and sell them on this side of the water. Where
American purchasers could not obtain original editions they have, in all
possible cases, secured reprints, and they have made some themselves.

Not very long since a present of a most creditable and well-edited
republication of "Four Old Plays" was sent to me from Cambridge, U.S.,
consisting of "Three Interludes: _Thersytes_, _Jack Jugler_, and
Heywood's _Pardoner and Frere_; and _Jocasta_, a tragedy by Gascoigne
and Kinwelmarsh." They are preceded by a very well written and
intelligent, and at the same time modest, Introduction, signed F.J.C.,
the initials of Mr. Francis James Child; who in fact was kind enough to
forward the volume to me, and who, if I am not mistaken, was formerly a
correspondent of mine in a different part of the republic.

My particular reason for noticing the book is to impress upon editors in
this country the necessity of accuracy, not only for the sake of readers
and critics here, but for the sake of those abroad, because Mr. Child's
work illustrates especially the disadvantage of the want of that
accuracy. It so happens that two, if not three, of the pieces included
in the Cambridge volume, are absolutely unique, and are now in the
library of the Duke of Devonshire. They went through my hands some years
ago, and as they had been previously reprinted in London (two of them
for the Roxburghe Club), I took the opportunity of collating my copies
of them. The third interlude, which was not reprinted for any society,
but as a private speculation, "by George Smeeton, in St. Martin's
Church-yard," is Heywood's _Pardoner and Frere_, the full title of which
is "_A mery playe betwene the pardoner, and the frere, the curate and
neybour Pratte_." The original copy has the following imprint:
"Imprynted by Wyllyam Rastell the v. day of Apryll, the yere of our
lorde, M. CCCCC. xxx III."

The reprint by Smeeton is in black letter, and it professes to be a
fac-simile, or as nearly so as possible; and although it consists of
only eight leaves, it contains no fewer than forty variations from the
original, all more or less important, and one of them the total omission
of a line, so that the preceding line is left without its corresponding
rhyme, and the sense materially injured.

Unfortunately, Mr. Child reprinted in America from this defective
reprint in England; but his sagacity prevented him from falling into
some of the blunders, although it could not supply him with the wanting
line; and his notes are extremely clear and pertinent. I shall not go
over the thirty-nine other errors; but I shall just quote the passage as
it stands in the (as far as I know) unique copy, now deposited at
Devonshire House, and supply in italics the necessary line. It occurs in
a speech by the Pardoner, near the end, where he is praising one of his
relics:-- {210}

  "I wyll edefy more, with the syght of it
  Than wyll all the pratynge of holy wryt;
  For that except that the precher, hym selfe lyue well,
  His predycacyon wyll helpe neuer a dell,
  And I know well, that thy lyuynge is nought:
  _Thou art an apostata, yf it were well sought_,
  An homycyde thou art I know well inoughe," &c.

The line omitted is the more remarkable, because it contains an instance
of the employment of a word very old in our language, and in use in the
best periods of our prose and poetry: "apostata" is explained in the
_Promptorium_, is found in Skelton and Heywood, and so down to the time
of Massinger, who was especially fond of it.

How many copies were issued of Smeeton's reprint of _The Pardoner and
the Frere_, I know not; but any of your readers, who chance to possess
it, will do well to add the absent line in the margin, so that the
mistake may be both rectified and recorded. I was not aware of Mr.
Child's intention to re-publish the interlude in the United States, or I
would long ago have sent him the correction, as indeed I did, a day or
two after I received his volume. It was, nevertheless, somewhat
ungracious to thank him for his book, and at the same time to point out
an important error in it, for which, however, he was in no way


Kensington, Jan. 28. 1850.

       *       *       *       *       *


Without attempting to answer the queries of MR. GATTY, (No. 11. p. 171.)
I venture to send a note on the subject. I believe it will generally be
found that the local tradition makes such collections of bones to be
"the grisly gleanings of some battlefield." One of the most noteworthy
collections of this kind that I have seen is contained in the crypt of
Hythe Church, Kent, where a vast quantity of bones are piled up with
great regularity, and preserved with much care. According to a written
statement suspended in the crypt, they are the relics of Britons and
Saxons slain in a battle fought on the beach in the sixth century; the
local tradition is nearly to the same effect, but of course is of little
value, as it has most likely arisen from or been conformed to this
"written chronicle;" both writing and tradition must indeed be regarded
with distrust. It is affirmed in the neighbourhood that the bones were
_dug up_ from the beach; but I, at least, could hear of no tradition as
to the period when they were exhumed. Perhaps some resident will
ascertain whether any such exists.

The bones have all the appearance of considerable antiquity; yet they
are in excellent preservation. The skulls are remarkably white and
perfect, and are altogether a very curious collection, differing greatly
in size, form, and thickness. The holes and fractures in many of them
(made evidently during life) leave no doubt that they belonged to
persons who met with a violent death.

I will not pretend to reply to the concluding queries of your
correspondent, but I would just remark that, from what we know of the
feeling of our ancestors respecting the remains of the dead, it appears
probably that if from any cause a large quantity of human bones were
found, or were from any cause obliged to be disturbed, some ecclesiastic
or pious layman would take measures to have them removed to some
consecrated spot where they might be safe from further molestation. They
would hardly be treated in any such manner as Dr. Mantell states the
bones removed by the railway engineers from the Priory ground at Lewes
were treated. I remain, sir, your very obedient servant,


Syndenham, Jan. 21. 1850.

       *       *       *       *       *


Perhaps the following extract from a volume entitled _The Relics of
Literature_, published by Boys and Co., Ludgate Hill, 1820, may prove
interesting, as further illustrating the so frequently disputed passage
which forms the subject matter of your first article in No. 12.:--

    "Few popular quotations have more engaged the pens of critics
    than the following:--

      'For he that fights and runs away
      Will live to fight another day.'

    "These lines are almost universally supposed to form a part of
    _Hudibras_; and, so confident have even scholars been on the
    subject, that in 1784 a wager was made at Bootle's, of twenty to
    one, that they were to be found in that inimitable poem. Dodsley
    was referred to as the arbitrator, when he ridiculed the idea of
    consulting him on the subject, saying, 'Every fool knows they
    are in _Hudibras_.' George Selwyn, who was present, said to
    Dodsley, 'Pray, sir, will you be good enough, then, to inform an
    old fool, who is at the same time your wise worship's very
    humble servant, in what canto they are to be found?' Dodsley
    took down the volume, but he could not find the passage; the
    next day came, with no better success; and the sage bibliopole
    was obliged to confess, 'that a man might be ignorant of the
    author of this well-known couplet without being absolutely a

I have also the following memorandum in a common-place book of mine, but
I do not remember from what source I transcribed it many years past:--

    "The couplet, thus erroneously ascribed to the author of
    _Hudibras_, occurs in a small volume of Miscellaneous Poems, by
    Sir John Mennis, written in the reign of Charles the Second,
    which has now become extremely scarce. The original of the
    couplet may, however, be traced to much higher authority, even
    to Demosthenes, who has the following expression:-- {211}

      '[Greek: Anaer ho pheugon kai palin machaesetai]',

    of which the lines are almost a literal translation."

While on the subject of quotations, let me ask whether any of your
correspondents can tell me where the passage, "Providence tempers the
wind to the shorn lamb," is to be found?

Among a few of the many floating quotable passages universally known,
without any trace of the authors, among general readers and writers, are
the following:--

  "When wild in woods the noble savage ran."

DRYDEN's _Conquest of Grenada_.

  "And whistled as he went for want of thought."

DRYDEN's _Cymon and Iphigenia_.

  "Great wits are sure to madness near allied,
  And thin partitions do their bounds divide."

DRYDEN's _Absalom and Achitophel_, st. i. I. 163.

  "The tenth transmitter of a foolish face."


  "When Greek meets Greek then comes the tug of war."


The real line in Lee is--

  "When Greeks join Greeks then was the tug of war."

LEE's _Alexander the Great_.


       *       *       *       *       *

I wish to ask a few questions, referring to these lines, if you do not
think the subject already exhausted by Mr. Rimbault's curious and
interesting communication.

1. Does not the _entire_ quotation run somewhat thus:--

  "For he that fights and runs away
  May live to fight another day;
  But he that is in battle slain
  Can never hope to fight again"?

2. Are the two last lines in the _Musarum Deliciæ_?

3. May not the idea suggesting the two first lines be traced to some
passage in one of the orations of _Demosthenes_, and, PAST him, to the
"[Greek: Anaer ho pheugon kai palin machaesetai]" of some contemporary,
if not still older writer?

4. Whose _Apothegems_ [qy., those of Demosthenes?] are under
consideration on folio 239., from which Mr. Rimbault quotes?

Queries 1, 2, 3 have long stood _in MS._ in my note-book, and I should
much like to see them in _print_, while the subject to which they refer
is still fresh in the minds of your readers.


       *       *       *       *       *

The lines--

  "For he that fights and runs away
  May live to fight another day,"

resemble the following quatrain in the _Satyre Menippée_, being one of
the several verses appended to the tapestry on which was wrought the
battle of Senlis:--

  "Souvent celuy qui demeure
  Est cause de son meschef;
  Celuy qui fuit de bonne heure
  Peut combattre de rechef."


       *       *       *       *       *


In the library of St. John's College are some hundreds of volumes
bequeathed to it by Thomas Baker; most of these have little notices on
the fly-leaves, some thirty or forty of which seem worth printing. One
(Strype's _Life of Parker_) has marginal notes throughout the book, the
value of which will be duly appreciated by those who have read Baker's
notes on Burnet's _Reformation_. (See the _British Magazine_ for the
last year.)

Hereafter, if you do not object, I hope to send larger extracts from
Baker's MSS.; at present I confine myself to a single specimen, taken
from the fly-leaf of a copy of Noy's _Compleat Lawyer_, London, 1665.
(St. John's Library, Class mark, I. 10. 49)

    "Gul. Noye de S. Buriens. Com. Cornub. Armig. unus Magistrorum
    de Banco fieri fecit, 1626. On a window in Lincoln Inn's
    Chapell. See Stow's _Survey_, &c. vol. ii. lib. ii. p. 73.

    "This book has a former edition, London, 1661; but not so fair a
    print, and without the Author's Life.

    "See Fuller's _Worthies in Cornwall_, p. 200.

    "See Mr. Gerard's Letter to Lord Strafford, dated Jan 3. 1634.
    _Mr. Noy continues ill, & is retired to his house at Brentford:
    I saw him much fallen away in his Face & Body, but as yellow as
    Gold--with the Jaundice--his bloody waters continue with drain
    his Body._

    "See Lloyd's _State Worthies_, p. 892, 893. &c.

    "Aug. 9. [1634] Wm Noy Esquire the King's Attorney died at
    Brainford.--Mr. Ric. Smith's _Obituary_.

    "See Wm Noy's Will (very remarkable) MS. vol. xxx. p. 309.

    "16th Dec. 1631. Conc. Ornatissimo viro Gulielmo Noye, ut sit de
    Consilio Universitatis--et annuatim 40th recipiat, &c.--Regr.
    Acad Cant.

    "See Howell's Letters, sect 6. pp. 30, 31.

    "Rex 27. October. 1632 constituit Willielmum Noye Arm.
    Attornatum suum Generalem, durante beneplacito.--Rymer, tom. 19.
    p. 347.

    "See his (W.N.) will, very pious except the last clause, which
    is next to impious. vol. xxxvi. MS. p. 379.

    "Young Noy, the dissipanding Noy, is kill'd in France in a
    Duell, by a Brother of St. John Biron; so now the younger
    Brother is Heir and Ward to the King.--A Letter to Lord Deputy
    Wentworth, vol. ii. p. 2 dat. Apr. 5. 1636."

It may be as well to add, that the references to vols. xxx. and xxxvi.
of MS. are to two different copies of the will in two volumes of Baker's
MSS., in the University library. The word "dissipanding," in the last
quotation, doubtless is an allusion {212} to "dissipanda" in the will
itself. I once had occasion to take a copy of this will, and found the
variations between the two copies trifling.


    [We shall be obliged by our correspondent forwarding, at his
    convenience, the proposed copies of Baker's MS. notes.]

       *       *       *       *       *


Many years ago, the satirical poem, entitled _The Pursuits of
Literature_, engaged public attention for a very considerable time; the
author concealed his name; and from 1796 at least to 1800, the world
continued guessing at who could be the author. Amongst the names to
which the poem was ascribed were those of Anstey, Colman, Jun., Coombe,
Cumberland, Harry Dampier, Goodall, Hudderford, Knapp, MATHIAS, Mansell,
Wrangham, Stephen Weston, and many others, chiefly Etonians. George
Steevens, it is believed, fixed upon the real author at an early period:
at least in the _St. James's Chronicle_, from Tuesday, May 1. to
Thursday, May 3. 1798, we find--


  "_Hic niger est_.

  "With learned jargon and conceit,
    With tongue as prompt to lie as
  The veriest mountebank and cheat,
    Steps forth the black ----.

  "At first the world was all astounded,
    Some said it was _Elias_;
  But when the riddle was expounded,
    'Twas little black ----.

  "This labour'd work would seem the job
    Of hundred-handed _Gyas_;
  But proves to issue from the nob
    Of little black ----.

  "Through learned shoals of garbled Greek
    We trace his favourite bias,
  But when the malice comes to speak,
    We recognise ----.

  "What strutting _Bantam_, weak but proud,
    E'er held his head so high as
  This pigmy idol of the crowd,
    The prancing pert ----.

  "[Greek: Touto to biblion], he'll swear,
    Is [Greek: plaeron taes sophias],
  But men of sense and taste declare
    'Tis little black ----.

  "Oh! were this scribbler, for a time,
    Struck dumb like _Zacharias_,
  Who could regret the spiteful rhyme
    Of little black ----.

  "Small was his stature who in fight
    O'erthrew the great _Darius_
  But small in genius as in height
    Is little black ----.

  "Say, could'st thou gain the butt of sack
    And salary that _Pye_ has,
  Would it not cheer thy visage black,
    Thou envious rogue ----.

  "When next accus'd deny it not!
    Do think of _Ananias_!
  Remember how _he_ went to pot,
    As thou may'st, friend ----.


I am, &c., your humble servant,


       *       *       *       *       *



The inquiries of "DRAMATICUS," and others in your number for Nov. 10.,
prompt me to say that should any of your correspondents happen to
possess information answering the following queries, or any of them, I
shall be thankful to share it.

1. What became of the natural child of Elizabeth Barry, the actress, who
died 1713; and whether the Earl of Rochester, its father, was really
Wilmot (as Galt assumes) or Hyde, on whom that title was conferred at
Wilmot's death? The former mentions a natural daughter in his last will;
but he names it "Elizabeth Clerke," and does not allude to its mother.
Mrs. Barry's will mentions no kindred whatever. But Galt describes her
as daughter of Edward Barry, Esq., a barrister of Charles I.'s
reign.--Who was he? Spranger Barry, the actor of fifty years later, Sir
William Betham and myself have succeeded in connecting satisfactorily,
and legitimately, with the noble house of Barry, Lord Santry; but I
cannot as yet show that Mrs. E. Barry inherited her theatrical talent
from an identical source.

2. Of what family was Mr. Barry, the Secretary to the Equivalent
Company, who died about 1738? I possess immense collections on the name
of Barry, but I cannot identify any London will or administration as
this individual's.

3. Whether Sir Robert Walpole's Secret Government Lists of the
Pretender's adherents, agents, and emissaries in London (who were
supposed to be under the evil-eye of Jonathan Wild) still exist, and are


Coatham, Yorkshire, Jan. 1849-50.

       *       *       *       *       *


1. _Book-plate._--Whose was the book-plate with the following
device:--An eagle or vulture feeding with a snake another bird nearly as
large as herself; a landscape, with the sea, &c. in the distance: very
meanly engraved, in an oval, compassed with the motto, "Pietas homini
tutissima virtus"?

2. _Addison's Books._--I have two or three volumes, bound apparently at
the beginning of {213} the last century, with a stamp on the cover,
consisting of J.A., in a cursive character, within a small circle. Was
this the book-stamp of Joseph Addison?

3. _Viridis Vallis._--Where was the monastery of "Viridis Vallis," and
what is its vernacular name?

4. _Cosmopoli._--Has _Cosmopoli_ been ever appropriated to any known
locality? Archdeacon Cotton mentions it among the pseudonymes in his
_Typographical Gazetteer_. The work whose real locality I wish to
ascertain is, _Sandii Paradox_. iv. _Evang._ 1670. 1 vol. 8vo.

5. _Seriopoli._--The same information is wanting respecting "Seriopoli;
apud Entrapelios Impensis Catonis Uticensis:" which occurs in the
title-page of "Seria de Jocis," one of the tracts connected with the
Bollandist controversy.

6. _Early Edition of the Vulgate._--Where is there any critical notice
of a very beautiful edition of the Vultage, small 4to., entitled "Sacra
Biblia, cum studiis ac diligentia emendata;" in the colophon, "Venetiis,
apud Jolitos, 1588"? The preface is by "Johannes Jolitus de Ferrarüs."
The book is full of curious wood-cuts. This is not the book mentioned in
Masch's _Le Long_ (part ii, p. 229), though that was also printed by the
Gioliti in 1588; as the title of the latter book is "Biblia ad
vetustissima Exemplaria castigata," and the preface is by Hentenius.

7. _Identity of Anonymous Annotators._--Can any of the correspondents of
"NOTES AND QUERIES" point out to a literary Backwoodsman, like myself,
any royal road towards assigning to the proper authors the handwriting
of anonymous annotations in fly-leaves and margins? I have many of
these, which I should be glad to ascertain.

8. _Complutensian Polyglot._--In what review or periodical did there
appear, some time ago, a notice of the supposed discovery (or of
conjectures as to the existence) of the MSS. from which the
"Complutensian Polyglot" was compiled, involving, of course, the
repudiation of the common story of the rocket maker of Alcala? Has any
further light been thrown on this subject?

9. _Blunder in Malone's Shakspeare._--Has any notice been taken of the
following odd blunder in Malone's _Shakspeare_, Dublin ed. 1794?

In vol. ii. p. 138, the editor, speaking of _John_ Shakspeare's will
(the father of William), says "This extraordinary will consisted of
fourteen articles, _but the first leaf being unluckily wanting_, I am
unable to ascertain either its date, or the particular occasion on which
it was written." He then gives a copy of the will, beginning at the
third article, in the middle of a sentence, thus: "... at least
spiritually." Now, in the first vol. p. 154. is a document, professing
to be William Shakspeare's will. But of this the first three paragraphs
belong to John Shakspeare's will, his name being mentioned in each: and
the third concludes with the words "at least spiritually." The fourth
paragraph, to the end, belongs to William Shakspeare's will, as given in
Johnson and Stevens's editions. This is a palpable instance of editorial
carelessness: Mr. Malone had mixed the two documents, mislaid the first
portion of the transcript of William Shakspeare's will, and then
neglected to examine the postscript, or he must have found out his

Was this error acknowledged or corrected in any subsequent edition?


       *       *       *       *       *


_Mowbray Coheirs._--Collins in his _Peerage_ (ed. Brydges, 1812), says,
at p. 18., speaking of Thomas Duke of Norfolk:--

    "In 15 Henry VII, he made partition with Maurice, surviving
    brother of William Marquiss of Berkeley (who died issueless), of
    the lands that came to them by inheritance, by right of their
    descent, from the coheirs of _Mowbray_, Duke of Norfolk;"

and quotes, as his authority, _Commun. de T. Pasch, 15 Henry VII., Rot._

The roll of the whole year referred to has been examined, without
finding any notice of the subject.

Should any of your readers have met with the statement elsewhere, it may
happen that there is some error in Collins's reference to his authority;
and a clue to the right roll, or any other notice of the division of
this great inheritance, will be acceptable.


_Draytone and Yong._--The following note was found by me among the
Exchequer Records, on their sale and dispersion, a few years ago:--

    "I praye you fellowe Draytone do so invehe for me as to Resave
    all svche moneye as is dewe to me from the handes of Ser
    Vincente Skyner Knyghte or else wheare from thos offysers of the
    excheqer And this shalbe yovr discharge. Written the laste daye
    of Janvarye 1607. Henry Yong."

Can your subscribers inform me who the writer was? Mr. Payne Collier
states that there was an interlude-maker of the name of Henry Yong in
the reign of Henry VIII. Is it likely that the note was addressed to
Michael Drayton?


Upper Norton Street, Jan. 23, 1850.

_The Fraternity of Christian Doctrine._--I think I see some names among
your correspondents who might inform me where I shall find the fullest
account of the Fraternity of Christian Doctrine, established by St.
Charles Borromeo in the diocese of Milan. I am acquainted with the
regulations for their establishment in _Acta. Concil. Mediol._, and with
the incidental notices of them which {214} occur in Borromeo's writings,
as also in the later authors, Bishop Burnet, Alban Butler, and Bishop
Wilson (of Calcutta). The numbers of the Sunday schools under the
management of the Confraternity, the number of teachers, of scholars,
the books employed, the occasional rank in life of the teachers, their
method of teaching, and whether any manuals have ever been compiled for
their guidance--are points upon which I would gladly gather any


_Treatise by Englebert, Archbishop of Treves._--Bishop Cosin (in his
_Hist. Trans._ cap. vii. §12) refers to _Engelb. Archiep. Trevirensis,
ap. Goldasti Imper._ tom. i. In Goldast's _Politica Imperialia_ there is
a treatise by S. Engelb. Abb. _Admoutens_ in Austria: but I find neither
the author referred to, nor the treatise intended, by Cosin. According
to Eisengrein, who is followed by Possivinus, there were _two_
Engelberts; viz. Engelbertus, S. Matthiæ _Treverensis_, Benedictinæ
possessionis Abbus, patria _Mosellanus_, who lived A.D. 987; and S.
Engelbert, who flourished A.D. 1157, and who is described as
_Admontensis_ Benedictinæ posessionis Abbus, _Germanus_. Can any of your
correspondents kindly direct me to the intended treatise of the
Archbishop of Treves?


Oxford, Jan. 9. 1850.

_New Year's Day Custom._--I shall be glad if any of your readers can
inform me of the origin and signification, of the custom of carrying
about decorated apples on New Year's Day, and presenting them to the
friends of the bearers. The apples have three skewers of wood stuck into
them so as to form a tripod foundation, and their sides are ornamented
with oat grains, while various evergreens and berries adorn the top. A
raisin is occasionally fastened on each oat grain, but this is, I
believe, and innovation.


_Under the Rose._--That the English proverbial expression, _Under the
Rose_, is derived from the confessional, is, I believe, generally
admitted: but the authorship of the well-known Latin verses on this
subject is still, as far as I am aware, a _rexata quæstio_, and gives a
somewhat different and _tantaleau_[1] meaning to the adage:--

  "Est Rosa flas Veneris, quem, quo sua furta laterent,
    Harpoerati, Matris dona, dicavit Amor.
  Inde rosam mensis hospes suspendit amicis,
    Convivæ ut sub ca dicta tacenda sciant."

Can any of your correspondents obligingly inform me to whom these not
inelegant or unclassical lines are to be attributed?


Wiesbaden, Dec. 15. 1849.

    [Footnote 1: See Pindar's First Olympic Ode.]

_Norman Pedigrees._--Can any gentleman inform me where (in what book)
may be found the situation of the places from which the companions of
William the Norman took their names? Such _French_ names as have _De_
prefixed--in fact, a _Gazetteer_? Also, where may be found--if such
exist--pedigrees of the same _worthies_?


_Dr. Johnson's library._--I have long wanted to know what became of the
library of Dr. Samuel Johnson (of our city), or if he had any
considerable collection of books. Perhaps some of your correspondents
would answer both these queries. I happen to have a few, some of which
were used in compiling his Dictionary, and are full of his marks, with
references to the quotations, most of which are to be found in the
Dictionary. I have also his own Prayer-Book.


Lichfield, Jan. 11. 1850.

_Golden Frog._--In the church of Boxstead, in the county of Suffolk,
there is a large and very handsome monument of marble, in a niche of
which stands, in full proportion, a man in armour, his head bare, with
moustaches and a tuft on his chin; in his right hand he holds a
truncheon, and by his side is his sword; his armour is garnished with
gold studs, and his helmet stands on the ground behind him; from his
right ear hangs a _gold frog_.

This monument was erected in memory of Sir John Poley, of Wrongay, in
Norfolk, knight, who died in 1638, at the age of upwards of eighty,
having served much abroad under Henry IV. of France, Christian King of
Denmark, &c., and in Queen Elizabeth's service against the Spaniards.

  "Illius ante alios cepit cum dextera Gades
  Militis Angliaci, et fulmina sensit Iberis."

I send you this detail, in hopes that some of your correspondents may be
able to explain the ornament in his ear, whether it be the badge of any
order, and whether any other instance is known of its use. There is in
Boxstead Hall, the seat of the very ancient family of Poley, a portrait
of Sir John having the same ornament.


_Singular Motto._--Being at Cheltenham in the summer of 1811, I saw a
chariot standing in an inn yard, on the panels of which, under a coat of
arms, apparently belonging to some foreign family, was the following on
a scroll, in the nature of a motto:--"oemn3--ononoe.7 ano--7 emn3." If
any of your correspondents can inform me what is its meaning, and if it
be a motto, to what family it belongs, he will oblige.



_Sir Stephen Fox._--Will any of your intelligent correspondents inform
me whether Sir Stephen Fox, the ancestor of the present Lord Holland and
the Earl of Ilchester, had any brothers or sisters, and if so, whether
they had any children, and who are the legal representatives of those
collateral branches, if any?

VULPES. {215}

_Antony Alsop._--Will any of your correspondents kindly tell me who
Antony Alsop was? A thin Quarto volume of Latin Odes was published in
1753, with the following title: "Antonii Alsopi Ædis Christi olim Alumni
Ordarum Libri Duo," Londoni, 1753. They are extremely elegant, and
deserving the attention of all lovers of Latin poetry. I have also
another volume, "Latin and English Poems, by a Gentleman of Trinity
College, Oxford," Quarto London, 1738. In this latter volume, with but
two or three exceptions, the poems are very obscene, yet I find one or
two of Alsop's odes in it. Could any of your readers tell me if both
volumes are by the same author? Was Alsop at Trinity College and
subsequently a student of Christ Church?


_Derivations of "Calamity," and "Zero;" and meaning of
"Prutenicæ"._--Will some of your correspondents give the derivations of
Calamity and Zero; also the meaning of the word Prutenicæ, used by
Erasmus Rheinholt, in his astronomical work on the _Motions of the
Heavenly Bodies_?


_Jew's-Harp._--What is the origin of the term Jew's-Harp, applied to a
well-known musical toy?


_Sir G. Wyattville._--J.P. would be glad to be informed in what year Sir
G. Wyattville was knighted?

_Sparse._--As I am "less an antique Roman than a Dane," I wish to know
what authority there is for the use of this word, which is to be found
in a leading article of _The Times_, January 8th, 1850?--"A _sparse_ and
hardy race of horsemen." I should like to see this among the Queries,
but I send it as a protest.

  "Hostis et Peregrinus unus et idem."


_The word "Peruse."_--I find the word _Peruse_ employed as a
substantive, and apparently as equivalent to _Examination_, in the
following part of a sentence in the martyr Fryth's works, Russell's ed.,
p. 407.:--"He would have been full sore ashamed so to have overseen
himself at Oxford, at a peruse."

Can any of your correspondents cite a corresponding instance of its use,
or say whether it is still retained at Oxford as the name of any
academic exercise?


_French Maxim._--Who is the author of the following French saying?--

    "L'hypocrisie est un hommage que le vice rend à la vertu."


_Ave Trici and Gheeze Ysenoudi._--If "S.W. SINGER" can give information
as to what convent, English or foreign, the sisters _Ave Trici_ and
_Gheeze Ysenoudi_, mentioned in his note on Otloh, state themselves (or
are assumed) to have belonged, he will much oblige, by doing so,


_A Latin Verse._--Everybody has seen the following quotation--

  "Tempora mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis,"

and everybody thinks he knows from whence it is taken. Which of your
readers can verify it?


_Table-Book._--Can any of your readers refer me to a museum containing a
specimen of an ancient _table-book_? Douce had one, which was in Mr.
Rodd's catalogue, but now sold; and Hone also possessed one. These two,
and another in the hands of a friend of mine, are the only specimens I
have heard of; but they are not quite as old or as genuine as one could


_Origin of the name "Polly."_--Will you allow me to ask how persons of
my name came to be called _Polly_?


_Tomlinson, of Southwingfield, Derbyshire._--The parochial register of
the parish of Southwingfield, in the county of Derby, contains, among
its earliest entries (A.D. 1586), the name Tomlinson, as then resident
therein. The family, to the present time, continues to reside within the
parish, as respectable yeomen, and has thence extended itself to many of
the neighbouring parishes, as well as to more distinct localities.
Blore's _History of Southwingfield_ makes no mention of such a family
connected with the parish, as tenants or otherwise; nor does it appear
that there is at present any family of Tomlinson bearing arms that can
have been derived from any of the ancient lords of Wingfield. The wills
at Lichfield, to whose registry Southwingfield belongs, are in a very
dilapidated and unsatisfactory state, at the time immediately preceding
the commencement of the Southwingfield parochial register. Probably some
genealogist will be enabled to offer a suggestion as to the means which
are available for tracing the genealogy of this fanily prior to the year

_The Phrase "To have a Button in the Room," and "Sally."_--I have again
been reading that most amusing book, _The Lives of the Norths_. At p. 88
of vol. i. (edit. 1826) there is a passage which has always puzzled me.
Speaking of some law proceedings in which the Lady Dacres was concerned,
Roger North says:--

    "And herein she served herself another way, for her adversary
    defamed her for swearing and unswearing, and it was not amiss to
    _have a button in the room_."

At p. 92. (_post_) there is another strange expression:-- {216}

    "The horse, when he found himself clear of pursuers, stopped his
    course by degrees, and went with his rider (fast asleep upon his
    back) into a pond to drink, and there sat his lordship upon the
    '_sally_.' (Qy. _saddle_?)"


_St. Philip and St. James._--"And near it was the house of the apostles
Philip and James the son of Alpheus."--_Early Travels in Palestine
(Mandeville)_, p. 175.; Bohn's _Antiquarian Library_. This is the only
place, except in the Church service, where I have seen the above-named
apostles coupled together, and have often wondered whether there was any
old legend or tradition to account for the Church joining them together
in one commemorative festival.


_Sir William Hamilton._--On a tombstone in the burial-ground at St.
Hilda's, South Shields, in the county of Durham, is the following

    "Here lieth interr'd ye body of Sir W. Hamilton Knt and Baronet
    sonne to ye Earle of Abercorne and late servant to Queen
    Henrietta Maria ye late Queene mother of our Soveraigne Lord
    King Charles that now is over England &c. who departed to ye
    mercy of God June 24th anno Domni 1681."

There is in the possession of an old lady living at Durham, in 1836, an
original note in the handwriting of King Charles the Second, of which
the following is a copy:--

    "Whereas a debte of foure thousande one hundred and fifty pounds
    sterlinge apeares to be remayning dew by the king my father to
    Sir W. Hamilton brother to the Earle of Abercorne for the
    service done to the Queene my mother, I do hereby promis to pay
    ye sayde debte of 4150£. to ye sayde Sir William Hamilton his
    heires and assigns or to satisfie him or them to the valew
    thereof when it shall please God to restore me to the possession
    of my dominions.

    "Given at Brussells 28 Mar. 1630.


Is any thing known of Sir William Hamilton, or of the services he
rendered to Queen Henrietta Maria?


_The Koran by Sterne._--Can you or any of your readers inform me if the
work entitled _The Koran_, printed in some editions of Sterne's
writings, is a genuine composition of his, or not? If not, who was its
author, and what is its literary history? My reason for asking is, that
I have heard it asserted that it is not by Sterne.


_Devices on Standards of the Anglo-Saxons._--Can any of your readers
inform me what devices were borne on the standards of the several
Anglo-Saxon kingdoms during the so-called Heptarchy? The _white horse_
is by many supposed to have been the standard of Wessex, and to have
been borne by Alfred; but was not this really the ensign of the Jutish
kingdom of Kent, the county of Kent to this day displaying the white
horse in its armorial bearings? The standard of Wessex is by others said
to have been the _white dragon_; but Thierry supposes that this, like
the contrasted _red dragon_ of Cymbri, was merely a poetical
designation, and seems to infer that the flags of these two contending
people were without any device. Again, it has been thought that a _lion_
was the ensign of Northumbria; in which case we may, perhaps, conclude
that the lions which now grace the shield of the city of York have
descended from Anglo-Saxon times. The memory of the Danish standard of
the _Raven_, described by Asser and other Anglo-Saxon chroniclers, still
remains; but whether, when Northumbria and East Anglia fell under Danish
power, this device supplanted previous Anglo-Saxon devices, is a curious
question for antiquarian research. The famous Norwegian standard--the
Landeyda, or ravager of the world--under which Harold Hardrada triumphed
at Fulford, near York, but to fall a few days later at Stanford Bridge,
is well known; but who can inform us as to the device which it bore?
These early traces of heraldic usage appear to deserve more notice than
I believe they have received.


_Burning the Dead._--Can any of your readers, who may have attended
particularly to the funeral customs of different peoples, inform me
whether the practice of burning the dead has ever been in vogue amongst
any people excepting inhabitants of Europe and Asia? I incline to the
opinion that this practice has been limited to people of Indo-Germanic
or Japetic race, and I shall be obliged by any references in favour of
or opposed to this view.


_Meaning of "Shipster."_--Can any of your correspondents inform me what
is the business or calling or profession of a Shipster? The term occurs
in a grant of an annuity of Oct. 19. 2 Henry VIII., 1510, and made
between "H.U., Gentilman, and Marie Fraunceys de Suthwerk, in com Surr


55. Welbeck Street, Jan. 22. 1850.

_Why did Dr. Dee quit Manchester?_--In the _Penny Cyclopædia_, art. DEE,
JOHN, I find the following statement:--

    "In 1595 the queen appointed Dee warden of Manchester College,
    he being then sixty-eight years of age. He resided there nine
    years; _but from some cause not exactly known, he left it in
    1604_, and returned to his house at Mortlake, where he spent the
    remainder of his days."

Can any of your correspondents assign the _probable_ causes which led to
Dr. Dee's resignation?


Burnley, Lancashire, Jan. 21. 1850. {217}

_Meaning of "Emerod," "Caredon."_--In the Lansd. MS., British Museum,
No. 70., there is a letter from Mr. Richard Champernowne to Sir Robert
Cecil, dated in 1592, referring to the discovery of some articles
pillaged from the Spanish carrack, which had then recently been captured
and taken into Dartmouth harbour. Amongst these articles is one thus
described:--"An Emerod, made in the form of a cross, three inches in
length at the least, and of great breadth."

In the same volume of MSS. (art. 61.) there is the description of a
dagger "with a hefte of white Caredon."

From the size of the cross described, "Emerod" can scarcely be read
"Emerald," as applied by us to one of the precious stones.

Is "white Caredon" white cornelian?

Can any of your numerous correspondents give me a note in answer to the
above queries?


46. Parliament Street, Westminster, Jan. 25. 1850.

_Microscope, and Treatise upon it._--I am about to commence the study of
the microscope. I want to know where I can purchase the most perfect
instrument, and also the best Treatise upon it; this information will
indeed be valuable to me, as it would enable me to go at once to the
best sources without loss of time.


Chelsea, Jan. 2. 1850.

_Old Auster Tenements._--"W.P.P." wishes to know the meaning of the
expression "Old Auster Tenements," by which certain lands in the parish
of North Curry, Somerset, are described in Deeds and Court Rolls.

       *       *       *       *       *



The fields behind Montague House were, from about the year 1680, until
towards the end of the last century, the scenes of robbery, murder, and
every species of depravity and wickedness of which the heart can think.
They appear to have been originally called the Long Fields, and
afterwards (about Strype's time) the Southampton Fields. These fields
remained waste and useless, with the exception of some nursery grounds
near the New Road to the north, and a piece of ground enclosed for the
Toxophilite Society, towards the northwest, near the back of Gower
Street. The remainder was the resort of depraved wretches, whose
amusements consisted chiefly in fighting pitched battles, and other
disorderly sport, especially on the Sabbath day. Such was their state in

Tradition had given to the superstitious at that period a legendary
story of the period of the Duke of Monmouth's Rebellion, of two brothers
who fought in this field so ferociously as to destroy each other; since
which, their footsteps, formed from the vengeful struggle, were said to
remain, with the indentations produced by their advancing and receding;
nor could any grass or vegetable ever be produced where these _forty
footsteps_ were thus displayed. This extraordinary arena was said to be
at the extreme termination of the northeast end of Upper Montague
Street; and, profiting by the fiction, Miss Porter and her sister
produced an ingenious romance thereon, entitled, _Coming Out, or the
Forty Footsteps_. The Messrs. Mayhew also, some twenty years back,
brought out, at the Tottenham Street Theatre, an excellent melodrama
piece, founded upon the same story, entitled _The Field of Forty

In 1792, an ingenious and enterprising architect, James Burton, began to
erect a number of houses on the Foundling Hospital estate, partly in St.
Giles's and Bloomsbury parishes, and partly in that of St. Pancras.
_Baltimore House_, built, towards the northeast of _Bedford House_, by
Lord Baltimore, in 1763, appears to have been the only erection since
Strype's survey to this period, with the exception of a
chimney-sweeper's cottage still further north, and part of which is
still to be seen in Rhodes's Mews, Little Guildford Street. In 1800,
Bedford House was demolished entirely; which with its offices and
gardens, had been the site where the noble family of the Southamptons,
and the illustrious Russells, had resided during more than 200 years,
almost isolated. Hence commenced the formation of a fine uniform street,
Bedford Place, consisting of forty houses, on the spot; also, the north
side of Bloomsbury Square, Montague Street to the west, and one side of
Southampton Row to the east. Towards the north, the extensive piece of
waste ground, denominated the _Southampton Fields_, was transformed into
a magnificent square, with streets diverging therefrom in various
directions. Thus, as if by "touch of magic wand," those scenes, which
had been "hideous" for centuries, became transformed into receptacles of
civil life and polished society.

The latest account of these _footsteps_, previous to their being built
over, with which I am acquainted, is the following, extracted from one
of Joseph Moser's _Common-place Books_ in my possession:--

    "June 16. 1800.--Went into the fields at the back of Montague
    House, and there saw, for the last time, the _forty footsteps_;
    the building materials are there ready to cover them from the
    sight of man. I counted more than _forty_, but they might be the
    foot-prints of the workmen."

This extract is valuable, as it establishes the period of the final
demolition of the footsteps, and also confirms the legend that _forty_
was the original number.


       *       *       *       *       * {218}


A query made by so experienced a writer as the noble historian of
_Audley End_, cannot admit of an easy solution; and instead of
professing to answer the two-fold query on _pokership_, it might more
become me to style this note an attempt to answer it.

In the _Historical collections of the noble families of Cavendishe_,
etc. the passage which contains the doubtful word is printed thus:--

    "He [Sir Robert Harley, of Bramton, Herefordshire] was in the
    next year [1604], on the 16th of July, made forester of
    Boringwood, _alias_ Bringwood forest, in com. Hereford, with the
    office of _pokership_, and custody of the forest or chace of
    Prestwood, for life."

Are we to read _parkership_ or _pokership_? If _pokership_, what is its

Skelton, the rhymer, has _parker_ for _park-keeper_, so that
_parkership_ is an admissable word; but I reject it on this occasion, as
inapplicable to a forest or chace. I incline to believe that _pokership_
is the true lection. _Poke_ denoted a purse; witness Chaucer:--

  "Gerveis answered; Certes, were it gold,
  Or in a _poke_ nobles all untold,
  Thou shuldest it have."--C.T. v. 3777.

We do not find _poker_ in Barret or Cotgrave; but if _poke_ denoted a
purse, _poker_ might denote a purse-bearer or treasurer, and
_pokership_, the office of purse-bearer. So we have BURSA, [Glossarivm
manvale, 1772. I. 849.] _bursar_, _bursarship_, etc.


       *       *       *       *       *


A correspondent, "W.," in No. 12. p. 185., wishes to learn "the real
surname of Theodoric Mertens, Martins, or Martini, the printer of

In Latin the name is written Theodoricus Martinus; in French, Thierri
Martin; in Flemish, Diedrych Meertens, and occasionally, but I think
incorrectly, Dierix Martens.

In a side chapel of the chancel of the church at Alost, midway between
Brussels and Ghent, is the printer's tomb, and a double inscription, in
Latin and in Flemish, commemorates his celebrity and the dates of his
birth and death; in the Latin inscription the name is Theodoricus
Martinus; in the Flemish, which is very old and nearly effaced, it is
Diedrych Meertens.

The name of _Meertens_, as a surname, is as common in Brabant and
Flanders as that of Martin with us.


       *       *       *       *       *

I beg to say that, in Peignot's _Dictionnaire raisonné de Bibliologie_,
the name of the printer Mertens is given as "Martens, Mertens, ou Martin
d'Alost (Thierry), en Latin Theodoricus Martinus." The article is too
long for insertion in your pages, but it contains an account of the
title-page of one of his editions, in 4to., in which the name is spelt
_Mertens_:--"Theo. Mertens impressore." Two other title-pages have "Apud
Theod. M_a_rtinum." So it appears that the printer himself used
different modes of spelling his own name. Erasmus wrote a Latin epitaph
on his friend, in which a graceful allusion is made to his printer's
mark, the anchor:--

  "Hic Theodoricus jaceo, prognatus Alosto:
  Ars erat impressis scripta referre typis.
  Fratribus, uxori, soboli, notisque superstes
  Octavam vegetus præterii decadem.
  Anchora sacra manet, gratæ notissima pubi:
  Christe! precor nunc sis anchora sacra mihi."


       *       *       *       *       *


In reply to the inquiry of "D.S.Y." (p. 158. of your 10th number), I beg
to say that the name of Armagh is written, in Irish, Ardmacha, and
signifies the Height (or high ground) of Macha. It is supposed to have
derived this name from Macha Mong-ruadh [i.e. Macha of the red hair],
who was queen of Ireland, according to the Chronology of O'Flaherty,
A.M. 3603.


Dublin, Jan. 5. 1850.

Sir,--There are the following authorities for different derivations of
the word _Armagh_.

Camden, in his _Britannia_, says:--

    "_Armach_ ab Amarchâ reginâ; sic dictum fabulantur Hibernici; at
    mihi eadem esse videtur quam _Dearmach_ vocat Beda: et _Roborum
    Campum_ ex lingua Scotica sive Hibernica interpretatur, ubi
    circa annum salutis DLX. monaterium extruxit celeberrimum

Dr. Keating's _Hist. of Ireland_ has as follows:--

    "_Macha_ the wife of Nemedius died before her son Ainnim ...
    from her _Ardmagh_ received its name, because she was buried in
    that place."

_Circles of Gomer_ (London, 1771), contains as follows:--

    "Ar, and Ararat.--The Earth, country, or upon and on the earth
    ... _Armagh_ on the surrounding water confines."

M. Bullet, _Mémoires de la Langue Celtique_, writes thus:--

    "Armagh, Une des plus anciennes villes d'Irland. _Ar_, article.
    _Mag_, ville."--vol. i.

But the 2nd and 3rd vols. of these _Mémoires_, which contain the Celtic
Dictionary, afford a more probable interpretation:--

    "_Ar_ or _Ard_ signifies a height, mountain, hill, {219}
    elevation, the highest, noble, chief, &c. &c., and _Ar_ in
    Hebrew, Chaldean, and Armenian, has the same meaning. _Magh_ is
    a field, a plain, ground, &c., as well as a town, dwelling, &c."

Now, the topographical description of the county of Armarh is that it is
_hilly_, and the hills (not very high) are of granite rock. The town of
Armagh again is described as situated on an _eminence_. I suggest,
therefore, _the high field_ or ground, or _the field of the Hill_, or
the dwelling or town of the Hill, as very natural derivations.

If your correspondent prefers it, _Ar_ bears also the signification of
_rock_, and M. Bullet says:--

    "Ce terme nous a été conservé dans la Vie de Saint Colomb."

Who knows, therefore, whether in building the monastery alluded to by
Camden, he may not have given it the name of

  The dwelling of the Rock?

The Celtic language affords many other possibilities, but an accurate
knowledge of the locality is requisite in judging of their probablility.


The etymology of _Armagh_, in Ireland, is very simple. _Ard_, high,
great, noble, a purely Celtic root, found in many languages. Latin,
_Arduus_, high, &c. Welsh, _hardh_, fair, handsome, &c. _Magh_, a plain,
a level tract of land, a field. _Ardmugh_, the great plain. Others
derive it from _Eamhuin-magh_, from the regal residence of the kings of
Ulster, that stood in its vicinity; but the former is considered by
those best capable of judging as the most correct. The original name was
_Druim-sailech_, "the hill of sallows," which was changed to
_Ard-sailech_, "the height of sallows," and then again to _Ardmagh_.
Although now spelt _Armagh_, it was formerly more correctly written
_Ardmagh_, which is undoubtedly the proper way.


Jan. 8. 1850.

       *       *       *       *       *


Your esteemed correspondent, "J.G.N.," asks (p. 158.) for the meaning of
the letters "C.K.M.R." and "T.S." appended to the passage he quotes from
the _Common-place Book_ of Charles, Duke of Dorset. I think I can tell
him. "C.K.M.R." stands for _Charles Killegrew_, Master of the Revells;
and "T.S." means _Thomas Skipwith_, one of the patentees of Drury Lane
Theatre, who died in 1710. Sir Henry Herbert died in 1673; and his
successor in the office was Thomas Killegrew. This person had previously
been Sir Henry's deputy; and I am in possession of a curious list of MS.
instructions, "the heads of what I gave to Mr. Thos. Killegrew the 29th
of March, 1664," in the hand-writing of Sir Henry Herbert. Thomas
Killegrew died in 1683, and was succeeded by Charles Killegrew; the
degree of the relationship between the two Killegrews I do not know; and
in the _London Gazette_, Dec. 7. 1685, there is a notice commanding all
"rope-dancers, prize-players, strollers and other persons showing
motions and other sights, to have licenses from Charles Killegrew, Esq.,
Master of the Revells."

Charles Killegrew was one of the managers of Drury Lane Theatre at the
time of the union of the King's and Duke of York's servants; and Drydaen
calls him, in the Dedication to his translation of Juvenal's _Satires_,
his "ingenious friend."

Upon the death of the latter, in 1725, Charles Henry Lee succeeded to
the vacant office; who, dying in 1744, Solomon Dayrolle was appointed in
his room. I do not know the date of the decease of the last-named
gentleman; but with him, I believe, died the office of the Master of the
Revells. The ancient jurisdiction of the Master of the Revells has been
transferred, by 1737, by legal authority, to a "licenser of the stage,"
who, in conjunction with a deputy licenser, performed all the functions
of the ancient office.


       *       *       *       *       *


_The Red Maids of Bristol._--The answer to the query of "MR. A.
GRIFFENHOOF" (No. 12. p. 184.), why the "Red Maids" in Bristol are so
called, is, because they are dressed in bright scarlet gowns. They are
the incumbents of a benevolent school, founded in 1627, by one of
Bristol's great benefactors, Alderman Whitson, of pious memory, for the
maintenance and education of 40 girls, which number has now increased to
120. Your correspondent's curiousity respecting their name might be
fully satisfied, and his interest increased, if he should happen to be
in Bristol on some sunny afternoon in the later part of May, or the
beginning of June, by a sight of this bright "regiment of women"--the
gay colour of their gowns subdued by the quaintness of their fashion,
and the clean whiteness of their aprons, collars, &c.--proceeding, in
double file, towards the downs, for air and recreation. An account of
their foundation may be found in Barret's _Hist. of Bristol_, p. 415.
"Blue-Boys," so called for a similar reason, are a parallel case of much
more general occurance. Yours, &c.


_Poetical Symbolism._--In answer to the question of your correspondent,
"STEPHEN BEAUCHAMP" (No. 11. p. 173.), I beg leave to mention a work,
which answers in some degree to the description which he gives; namely,
_De Symbolica Ægyptiorum Sapientia_, and _Polyhistor Symbolicus,
electarum Symbolarum et Parabolarum Historicurum Stromata XII. Libris
complectens_, by Nicolas Caussin, {220} 8vo. Col. Agr. 1631. There were
other editions, I believe, in the same century. The former work treats
of Egyptian symbols; the titles of the twelve books of the latter are:
I. Mundus et Elementa. II. Dii Gentium. III. Hominis Bona. IV. Hominis
Mala. V. Ritus Gentium. VI. Aves. VII. Quadrupedes. VIII. Pisces. IX.
Serpentes et Insecta. X. Plantæ. XI. Lapilli. XII. Manufacta.



_Fraternitye of Vagabondes._--It does not appear very clearly from the
wording of the query at p. 184. of your 12th number, whether the object
of your correspondent, "A. GRIFFINHOOF, JUN.," be to ascertain the fact
of the reprint in question having been published by Stace, or (having
ascertained that fact) to procure further information as to the
publisher. I cannot find any allusion to the work in the _Censura
Literuria_, (2nd ed. 1815), another instance of the absolute necessity
for exact references, the want of which you would do well in making a
ground of exclusion from your columns. However, on the chance of being
useful I send you an exact copy of the rubricated title-page of the
reprint, which is as follows:

    "The Fraternitye of Vacabondes; As wel of ruflyng Vacabondes, as
    of beggerley, of Women as of Men, of Gyrles as of Boyes, With
    Their proper Names and Qualities. With a Description of the
    Crafty Company of Cousoners and Shifters. Whereunto also is
    adioined The XXV orders of Knaues, Otherwyse called A Quartern
    of Knaues. Confirmed for euer by Cocke Lorell.--¶ The Vprightman

      ¶ Our Brotherhood of Vacabondes,
      If you would know where dwell:
      In grauesend Barge which syldome standes,
      The talke wyll shew ryght well.

      ¶ Cocke Lorell answereth.

      ¶ Some orders of my knaues also
      In that Barge shall ye fynde:
      for no where shall ye walke I trow,
      But ye shall see their knynde.

    ¶ Imprinted at London by John Awdely, dwellyng in little
    Britayne Streete without Aldersgate. 1575.

    Westminster: Reprinted for Machell Stace, No. 12, Little
    Queen-Street, and R. Triphook, St. James's Street. 1813."

Those who are curious about Mr. Stace may consult Boaden on the
_Shakespeare Portraits_, p. 141., Wivell on do., p. 189., and
_Chaleographimania_, p. 16. 32. 95.


_Anonymous Ravennas._--In answer to the query of "W.C.," in No. 8., p.
124., I beg to state that Gronovius published the _Cosmography of
Ravennas_, with other ancient scraps of geography, annexed to a neat
edition of _Pomponius Mela_, printed at Leyden, in 1696. Gronovius
refers the _anonymous_ author to the seventh century. His _Chorography
of Britain_ forms a part of the work; but it is printed from one MS.,
and wretchedly obscure.


_Dick Shore._--Your correspondent, J.T. HAMMACK, is not quite correct in
stating, No. 9., p. 141., that the modern maps present no trace of the
locality of "_Dick Shoare_," mentioned in the Pepysian _Diary_. In one
of Smith's maps, now before me, of the date of 1806, I find "Duke Shore
Stairs," not far from the great turn of the river southward, opposite to
the Isle of Dogs. Whether the proper spelling to be Dick, Dyke, Dock,
Dog, or Duke, I leave to your readers to determine; but I presume there
can be no doubt as to the identity of the place. As the origin of the
name of "Isle of Doggs," according to the Pepysian orthography, is said
to be still underdetermined; may it not be connected with the modern
term DOCKS? We are daily familiarised to worse corruptions. _Docks_ are
excavations, large or small, formed by the operation of digging, in
Dutch called _Dóken_.


    [DICK'S SHORE, _Fore Street_, _Limehouse_, and DICK'S SHORE
    ALLEY, _by Dick's Shore_, are both mentioned in _London and its
    Environs_, vol. ii. p. 233.]

_Travelling in England._--Mr. Steven's quotation (No. 11., p. 167.) of
Bernard Calvert's rapid journey, as from _an anonymous History of
England written in the early part of the reign of George I._, is to be
found in more detail in Stow (1032.), and is transcribed in Mr. Croker's
_Notes on Bassompière's Embassy_, 1819.

_Sanuto._--The _Ragguagli sulla Vita e sulle Opere di Maria Sanuto_,
referred to in No. 5., p. 75., were edited by Mr. Rawdon Browne, an
English gentleman long resident at Venice, and a most accomplished
Italian scholar. The _Diary of Sanuto_ could hardly be printed, filling,
as it does, some twenty or thirty thick large folio volumes.


_Darnley's Birth-place._--In answer to the inquiry in No. 8., p. 123.,
as to the birth-place of Henry Lord Darnley, I believe he was born at
Temple-Newsom, near Leeds, the seat of the Lords Irvine, and now of
Meynell Ingram, Esq. A noble room is there shown as the traditional
scene of his birth.


_History of Edward II._--The compilers of the _British Museum Catalogue_
attribute the _History of Edward II._ (referred to in No. 4., p. 59.) to
Edward Fannant, who also published a _Narration of the Memorable
Parliament of 1386_, which has been several times printed.


_Lord Chatham's Speech on the American Stamp Act._--When I read the
question of your correspondent {221} (in No. 1. p. 12.) on this subject,
I saw at once its importance; for, if my Lord Brougham's statements were
correct, our historians must forthwith re-write a somewhat important
chapter in our history. I felt assured, however, that it was not
correct; and the result of a somewhat tedious search is as I had
anticipated. His lordship had made an error in a date and 1764 should be
1766. The authority, not acknowledged by his lordship, was, no doubt,
the _Parliamentary History of_ 1766 (vol. xvi. p. 96.), where your
correspondent will find the statement, which of course, the date being
correctly given, contains nothing that is not consistent with known


_Bone-houses._--The number of skulls at Rothewell (No. 11., p. 171.) is
greatly exaggerated, nor is the tradition of their being gathered from
Naseby battle-field more than a modern invention, the discovery of the
bones being within the memory of living persons. Their existence there
is most puzzling. The vault, which is very small, is probably coeval
with the church, and seems to have been made for the very purpose to
which it is applied. When this vast building was erected in the 12th
century, may not this vault have been made for the bones disturbed in
the old churchyard by so extensive a foundation?


_Queen's Messengers._--In answer to the query of your correspondent
"J.U.G.G.," in No. 12., p. 186., I beg to call his attention to the
authority quoted in the passage respecting the "Knightes caligate of
Armes," to which he alludes, in Mr. C. Knight's _London_. He will find
that he is referred to Legh's _Accedens of Armory_, and Upton, _De
Studio Militari_. The latter wrote in the early part of the fifteenth
century. We are at present, I believe, without earlier information on
such subjects.

Whilst I am writing to you, may I ask you to correct a printer's error
in my query in the same number, where "trepon" appears instead of
"jupon"? It may save a query as to what I could mean by the former.


_May-day._--In reply to MELANION (No. 12. p. 187.), I would observe that
in a collection of _Vues des Villes de Londres_, &c., published by
Pierre Vander at Leyden (without date, but about the time of William
III., or early in Anne's reign), there is a representation of "_La
Laitière de May à Londres_," with an enormous head-dress of silver
dishes, tankards, and cups, intermixed with flowers. There is no
letter-press explanation; but it is evident that the practice of the
milk-maids, in carrying their mail-pails balanced on their heads,
suggested the idea of carrying this more precious burthen in _gala_ on


       *       *       *       *       *


_Gray's Elegy._--Your correspondent, "A. GRAYAN" (No. 10., p. 150.), in
writing on the _Elegy in a Country Church-yard_, suggests the existence
of error or obscurity in the last stanza of the epitaph; and that, if
the reading, as it now stand, be faulty, "some amendment" should be

At the sale of Mason's collection of Gray's books and MSS., in December,
1845, I purchased Gray's copy of Dodsley's collection (2nd edition,
1758), with corrections, names of authors, &c., in his own hand. The
_Elegy_ is the first poem in vol. iv. In the 2nd stanza, the beetle's
"_drony_ flight" is printed and corrected in the margin into "droning."
In the 25th stanza, an obvious misprint of "the upland land" is
corrected into "upland lawn;" and, in the 27th stanza, "he would rove"
is altered into "would he rove." These are the only emendations in the
_Elegy_. The care displayed in marking them seems to me indicate that
the author had no others to insert, and that the common reading is as he
finally left it.

To say that a man's merits and frailties repose in trembling hope before
God, is surely not irreverent; and this is, I think, all that Gray
intended to convey in the words to which your correspondent objects.


    [The latter emendation "would he rove," which is neither in the
    Aldine edition of the Rev. J. Mitford, nor in Mr. Van Voorst's
    beautifully illustrated Polyglot edition, should clearly be
    introduced, in future, as harmonising more perfectly with the
    "would he stretch" of the preceding stanza.]

_Gray's Elegy._--To the list of German translations of Gray's Elegy
should be added the version by Kosegarten, which is said by Mr. Thimm,
in his _View of German Literature_, to be "very spirited." The edition
of Kosegarten i have now before me was printed at Greifswald, in 12
vols. in 1824, and contains numerous translations from English poets.


Oxford, Jan. 16.

_Gregori's Italian Version of "Gray's Elegy."_--In answer to the query
of "J.F.M.," respecting the translations of Gray's _Elegy_, I beg to
mention that, besides those already possessed by your correspondent, and
those in Torri's polyglot edition, there is one in Italian by Domenico
Gregori, published in the first volume of his _Scelta di Poesie di più
celebri Autori Inglesi, recati in Versi Italiani_, and printed at Rome
in 1821, in 2 vols. small 8vo.


Oxford, Jan. 17. 1850.

_Name of Shylock._--When Mr. Knight says that _Scialac_ was "the name of
a Marionite (Maronite?) of mount Libanus," he appears to consider the
{222} term peculiar, or nearly so, to that personage; but Upton, as long
ago as 1748, in his _Critical Observations_, 2nd ed. p. 299., remarked,
that _Scialac_ was the generic name, and _Shylock_ merely a corruption.
I may also remark, that Mr. Knight dismisses Dr. Farmer's theory as
worthless, without sufficient consideration. It by no means follows that
1607 is the date of the _first edition_ of _Caleb Shillocke_, merely
because Boswell saw a copy bearing that date.


       *       *       *       *       *


_Written on the close of the Session_, 1849.

"The tyme cam that resoun was to ryse."--CHAUCER.

"_Corin_. And how like you this shepherd's life, Master Touchstone?

"_Touchstone._ Truly, shepherd, in respect of itself it is a good
life.... In respect it is in the Fields, it pleaseth me

  Ho! for the shady grove and silvery stream!
    Now that yclosed is the Fane, where I
    Am doomed, by no unhappy destiny,
  To tend those Mighty Ones who find a theme
    For their lives' labour in the nation's weal.
  Now am I free, or book or rod in hand,
  Alone, or compassed by a cherub band
    Of laughing children, by the brook to steal,
  Seeking repose in sport which WALTON loved--
    Sport meet alike for Youth or thoughtful
    Free, an I wish to go a pilgrimage
  With CHAUCER, my companion long approved,
  Or thee, thou Greater One, who lovedst to sing,
  "Of books in brooks, and good in every thing."


       *       *       *       *       *

(_From the Latin_.)

  Balbus, in vain you urge the notion
  That Ignorance begets Devotion--
  We can't believe it till we see
  Yourself a fervent devotee.


       *       *       *       *       *

_By Hook or by Crook._--It is said that Strongbow, when debating with
his followers on the best mode of capturing Ireland, said, that it must
be taken "by Hook or by Crook." "_The Hook_" is the name of a well-known
promontory, forming the N.E. boundary of Waterford Harbour; and
_Crook-haven_ is an equally well-known harbour, on the south coast.
Could this have any thing to do with the proverb?



_Macaulay's Young Levite._--I send you an advertisement, from a local
paper of 1767, which shows what stipend was offered to a curate at that
period. The population of Burton Bradstich and Shepton Gorge, in 1821,
was respectively 854 and 311. I do not know what it was in 1767.

The value of the rectory of Burton, with the chapelry of Shepton, was
returned, in 1650, as 201l. In 1826 it was computed to be 500l.


From "Cruthwell's Sherborne, Shaftesbury, and Dorchester Journal; or
Yeovil, Taunton, and Bridgewater Chronicle of 10th July, 1767."

    "A Curate is wanted, at Old Michaelmas next, to serve the
    Churches of Burton and Shipton, in Dorsetshire; Salary 36l. per
    annum, Easter Offerings, and Surplice Fees; together with a good
    House, pleasant Gardens, and a Pigeon House well stock'd. The
    Churches are within a mile and a half of each other, served once
    a Day, and alternately. The Village of Burton is sweetly
    situated, within half a mile of the Sea, about a mile and a half
    from Bridport Harbour, and is noted in the Summer for its fine
    Mackarel Fishery. Application to be made to the Rev. Mr.
    Richards, Rector.

    "A married gentleman will be most agreeable."

_Praise undeserved._--Does any one know where the oft-quoted line,

  "Praise undeserved in censure in disguise,"

is to be found? A long search for it has hitherto proved ineffectual.


    [This line, which is so often quoted, with the variation--

      "Praise undeserved is _Satire_ in disguise,"

    is to be found in Pope's _First Epistle of the Second Book of
    Horace_; where, however, we find that neither _Censure_ nor
    _Satire_ is the correct reading. It is moreover, both in
    Warton's edition and in the _Aldine Poets_, edited by the Rev.
    A. Dyce, marked as a quotation, as will be seen in the following
    extract; so that Pope, it appears, is not the author of it.
    Perhaps some of our correspondents can trace the source from
    which he derived it:--

      "Besides, a fate attends on all I write,
      That when i aim at praise they say I bite.
      A vile encomium doubly ridicules;
      There's nothing blackens like the ink of fools.
      If true, a woeful likeness; and, if lies,
      'Praise undeserved is _Scandal_ in disguise.'"]

_Passage in Cowper's "Task."_--In all early editions of Cowper's _Task_
the opening lines of the 4th book are punctuated as follows:--

  "Hark! 'tis the twanging horn! O'er yonder bridge,
  (That with its wearisome but needful length
  Bestrides the wintry flood, in which the moon
  Sees her unwrinkled face reflected bright,)
  He comes, the herald of a noisy world," &c.

In modern editions, I believe universally, we find the following
corruption of the passage:--

  "Hark! 'tis the twanging horn o'er yonder bridge,
  That with," &c.

closing with a colon or period at "bright," and {223} beginning a new
sentence with "He comes;" and thus making the poet use the vulgar
colloquialism "'tis the horn over the bridge," instead of the remark,
that the postman is coming over it.


       *       *       *       *       *


All who have placed on their shelves--and who that desires to know
thoroughly the history of this country during the period which it
illustrates has not done so--the last edition of _The Diary and
Correspondence of Samuel Pepys_, so ably edited by Lord Braybrooke, have
felt the want of a corresponding edition of _Evelyn's Diary_. To meet
this want, Mr. Coulburn has announced a new edition of it, "rendered as
complete as possible by a careful revision," and accompanied by
illustrative notes, to be completed in four monthly volumes.

Mr. Parker, of Oxford, has just issued a new edition of _The History of
the Church of England_, by J.B.S. Carwithen, B.D. This work was very
highly spoken of, at the time of its first appearance, for fidelity of
narrative, accuracy of judgement, and soundness of principle; and its
author was pronounced, by one well qualified to give an opinion, "a
well-read historian, a sound divine, a charitable Christian." As the
original edition, in three volumes, has long been out of print, we think
Mr. Parker has shown great judgment in bringing it out, in a cheaper
form, for the use of students in divinity; and we do not doubt but that
he will find a ready sale for the two closely but clearly and handsomely
printed volumes, in which this _History of the Church of England_ is now

Those of our readers who take an interest in the writings of our early
dramatists will be glad to learn that the Rev. Alexander Dyce has at
length completed, in three volumes, his long-looked-for edition of _The
Dramatic Works of Kit Marlowe_.

Such of our clerical friends as have in their churches a peal of bells
which, at the will of the ringers,

  "Speak the loud language of a mighty knell,"

and who must, therefore, sometimes be painfully convinced of the ill
practices which occasionally grow up in the belfry, will thank us for
calling their attention to the _Practical Remarks on Belfries and
Ringers_, lately published, by the Rev. H.T. Ellacombe, in which they
will find some useful hints for the correction of such abuses.

We have received the following Catalogues:--

D. Nutt (270. Strand), Select Catalogue of Classical and Philological

Williams and Norgate (14. Henrietta Street, Covent Garden), Verzeichniss
der Bücher, Landkarten etc welche vom Juli bis zum December neu
erschienen oder neu aufgelegt worden sind. (Catalogue of Books, Maps,
&c. published in German between July and December 1849.)

       *       *       *       *       *



(_In continuation of Lists in Former Nos._)

Odd Volumes

ARCHÆOLOGIA. Vol. III. (A liberal price will be given for sheet C, pp.

TODD'S JOHNSON'S DICTIONARY. 4to. 1819-20. Last Part, SU to Z, with the
Titles, preface, &c.


TATLER (LINTOT'S Edition.) London, 1743. All the Volumes after the

Spectator. (Whittaker's Edition.) London, 1827. With Portraits. Vol. II.

Letters, stating particulars and lowest price, _carriage free_, to be
sent to MR. BELL, Publisher of "NOTES AND QUERIES," 186. Fleet Street.

       *       *       *       *       *


FOLK LORE. _We have received several letters, begging us to open our
columns to the reception of articles and notes on our fast-fading_ FOLK
LORE, _and reminding us what good service_ The Athenæum _did when it
consented to receive communications of that interesting subject. We
acknowledge with gratitude--for the point is one very interesting to
us--the readiness with which_ The Athenæum _listened to the suggestions
of a Correspondent, and what benefits resulted to that interesting
branch of Archæological study, when that influential journal consented
to devote a portion of its valuable space to the reception of such
notices. We at once, therefore, accede to the suggestions of our
Correspondent; and, following the example of our widely circulated
contemporary, take this opportunity of assuring our now numerous readers
that any contributions illustrative of_ The Folk Lore of England, _the
Manners, Customs, Observances, Superstitions, Ballads, Proverbs, &c. of
the Olden Time, will always find welcome admission to our pages. We
think, too, we may venture to promise that such communications shall be
illustrated, when they admit of it, from the writings of the continental

J.D.A. _is informed that we purpose so arranging_ "NOTES AND QUERIES"
_as to form two volumes in the course of the year; each volume to be
accompanied by a_ VERY COPIOUS INDEX.

EMDEE _will see that we have at once so far availed ourselves of his
suggestion as to make_ REPLIES _a distinct department of our paper. The
other change he suggests requires consideration; which it shall
certainly have_.

_We are unavoidably compelled to postpone until our next Number, Mr.
Hickson's further communication on_ Marlowe and the Old Taming of a

T.S.N. _will find much curious information on the subject of his inquiry
in some of the later volumes of_ The Gentleman's Magazine; _and we will
take an early opportunity of furnishing him with information upon the

_We are compelled, by want of space, to omit our usual acknowledgment

_We are again compelled to omit many Notes, Queries, and Answers to
Queries which are in type, as well as Answers to Correspondents_.

       *       *       *       *       * {224}


Now ready, 3 vols. 8vo. 42s.

A HISTORY of SPANISH LITERATURE. With Criticism on particular Works, and
Biographical Notices of Prominent Writers. By GEORGE TICKNOR, Esq.

JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street.

       *       *       *       *       *


This day is published, 3 vols. 8vo. 42s.


Also, by the same Author, 3 vols. 8vo. 31s. 6d.


JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street.

       *       *       *       *       *

CHEAP BOOKS.--A Select List of Second-Hand Books, in all Classes of
Literature. Gratis and Post-free.

WM. HEATH, 29-1/2. Lincoln's Inn Fields, London.

       *       *       *       *       *

2 vols. fcap. 8vo., Third Edition, 7s. 6d. each, sold separately.

PLAIN SERMONS, addressed to a Country Congregation. By the late REV.
EDWARD BLENCOWE, Curate of Teversal, and formerly Fellow of Oriel
College, Oxford.

"Their style is simple--the sentences are not artfully constructed--and
there is an utter absence of all attempts at rhetoric. The language is
plain Saxon language, from which 'the men on the wall' can easily gather
what it most concerns them to know.... In the statements of Christian
doctrine, the reality of Mr. Blencowe's mind is very striking. There is
a strength, and a warmth, and a life, in his mention of the great truths
of the Gospel, which show that he spoke from the heart, and that, like
the apostle of old, he could say, 'I believe, and therefore have I

2 vols. 12mo., 8s. each, sold separately.

SERMONS. By ALFRED GATTY, M.A., Vicar of Ecclesfield.

"Sermons of a high and solid character, and are the production of a good
Churchman. They are earnest and affectionate, and follow out the
Church's doctrine."--_Theologian._

"Warm hearted and thoughtful."--_Guardian._

By the same Author. 8vo., sewed, price 1s.

BAPTISM MISUNDERSTOOD, the Great Trouble of the Church.

"Earnest and sound."--_Christian Remembrancer._.

Just published, 12 mo., cloth, price 2s.

SHORT SERVICES FOR FAMILY WORSHIP; arranged chiefly from the Book of
Common Prayer, With a Prefatory Address. By JOHN GIBSON, B.D., Vicar of
Brent-with-Furneux Pelham, Herts; late Fellow and Tutor of Sidney Sussex
College, Cambridge.

The aim of this selection is to furnish a set of Services that will take
in all the great subjects of Family Prayer, and so short that the
busiest household may have time for its devout utterance. It will be
found suitable for those who have hitherto neglected the duty of Family

GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street.

       *       *       *       *       *

Publications for February, 1850.

is now completed.

now completed.

Volume and the Work are now completed.

FRANCE AND ITS REVOLUTIONS, Part XX. The Volume and the Work are now

THE BIBLE HISTORY. By J. KITTO, D.D., in one Volume, with six Engravings
on Steel and numerous Wood Engravings, is now completed.

THE BRITISH ALMANAC for 1850. Price 1s. sewed, and the COMPANION TO THE
ALMANAC. Price 2s. 6d. sewed; or bound together in cloth, price 4s., are
still on sale.

London: CHARLES KNIGHT, 90. Fleet Street; And sold by all Booksellers in
London and Country.

       *       *       *       *       *


The Devotional Library was commenced in 1846. The design of the
Proprietors was to publish, at the lowest possible price, a series of
Works, original, or selected from well-known Church of England Divines,
which, from their practical character, as well as their cheapness, would
be peculiarly useful to the clergy for parochial distribution. Since
that period the following have appeared:--

Helps to Self-Examination, 1/2d.                      Original
The Sum of Christianity, 1d.                          A. Ellis.
Directions for Spending One Day Well, 1/2d.           Abp. Synge.
Short Reflections for Morning and Evening, 2d.        Spinckes.
Prayers for a Week, 2d.                               Sorocold.

The above may also be had, bound together in cloth, as "Helps
to Daily Devotion," price 8d. cloth.

The Crucified Jesus, 3d.                              Horneck.
The Retired Christian, 3d.                            Ken.
Holy Thoughts and Prayers, 3d.                        Original.
The Sick Man Visited, 3d.                             Spinckes.
Short Meditations for Ever Day in the Year,
  Two Vols. 1260 pp. cloth, 5s.                       Original.
Ditto, Two Vols., calf, gilt edges, 9s.               Original.
    The separate Parts may still be had.
The Christian Taught by the Church Services.
  Cloth, 2s. 6d.                                      Original.
Ditto ditto, calf, gilt edges, 4s. 6d.                Original.
    The separate Parts may still be had.
Penitential Reflections for Days of Fasting and
  Abstinence. (Tracts for Lent), 6d.                  Compiled.
Rules for the Conduct of Human Life, 1d.              Abp. Synge.
Ejaculatory Prayers, 2d.                              A. Cook.
Pastoral Address to a Young Communicant, 1/2d.        Original.
Litanies for Domestic Use, 2d.                        Compiled.
Family Prayers. Cloth, 6d.                            Original.
Companion to the Altar. Cloth, 6d.                    Unknown.
Aphorisms by Bishop Hall. Cloth, 9d.                  Original.
Devout Musings on the Psalms. Parts I. and
  II, cloth, 1s. each.                                Original.
The Evangelical History of our Lord and Saviour
  Jesus Christ. Part I., 4d.                          Reading.
The Common Prayer Book the Best Companion,
  3d.                                                 Unknown.

The Clergy and others purchasing for distribution, are informed that a
reduction of twenty per cent. will be made on all orders of not less
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Leeds, or to Mr. BELL, Fleet Street, London, and payment made on

Leeds: R. SLOCOMBE. London: G. BELL.

       *       *       *       *       *

Printed by THOMAS CLARK SHAW, of No. 8. New Street Square, at No. 5. New
Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the City of London; and
published by GEORGE BELL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St.
Dunstan in the West, and in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 186.
Fleet Street aforesaid.--Saturday, February 2. 1850.

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translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.