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Title: Narrative of Mr. John Dodge during his Captivity at Detroit
Author: Dodge, John
Language: English
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                       THE DODGE NARRATIVE, 1780
                           FACSIMILE REPRINT

           _Sixty-three copies printed sixty being for sale_

                            MR. JOHN DODGE
                         DURING HIS CAPTIVITY
                              AT DETROIT

                        SECOND EDITION OF 1780

                       WITH AN INTRODUCTORY NOTE
                        CLARENCE MONROE BURTON


                          CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA
                            THE TORCH PRESS
                         NINETEEN HUNDRED NINE

                          THE DODGE NARRATIVE

The narrative of John Dodge is one of the records of frontier life
during the period of the American Revolution that displays the intense
feeling of hatred and unfairness evinced by the British soldiers to the
American rebels. It was written and published during the time of the
greatest excitement in the West--the scene of the Narrative--and is
historically valuable because of being contemporary with the events in

It was considered of great importance at the time of its first
appearance, having been at once reprinted in England[1] and passed
through at least three editions in America.[2]

In other writings published in England in 1779, appear the first public
notice of the cruelties and gross irregularities in the administration
of justice in Detroit under the rule of Lieutenant Governor Henry
Hamilton, and the presentment of Hamilton by the grand jury of Montreal
for murder in the execution of a Frenchman convicted of stealing. From
the Narrative were taken the charges made against Hamilton, when he was
a prisoner in Williamsburg, in consequence of which he was confined in
irons and barely escaped a more serious, and perhaps even a capital
punishment.[3] But little at the present time can be ascertained of
Dodge. He was born in Connecticut, July 12, 1751, and was the son of
John Dodge and his wife, Lydia Rogers.[4] John Dodge, the father, was a
Baptist minister by profession and a blacksmith by trade. His son John
was one of a numerous family of children. His brother Israel, who was
with him in the West, was nine years his junior, having been born
September 3, 1760. Before John had reached his nineteenth year he had
wandered into the northern part of the Ohio district and had entered
into business as a trader in Sandusky. He was familiar with the Indian
language used in his neighborhood and frequently acted as interpreter.

Many of the events of his life from this time, are contained in his
Narrative and it is needless to repeat them here, but mention might be
made of other acts of his and records pertaining to him, of which he
makes no mention. On the fourth day of April, 1776, Dodge, with William
Tucker, purchased a house and lot in Detroit, from Joseph Poupard
Lafleur, for 3,000 livres, and a few days later Tucker agreed to repay
Dodge whatever sums he had paid for this house if Dodge "went down the
country," as he then contemplated.[5] Dodge did not go "down the
country," but remained in Detroit and sold his interest in the land to
William Tucker July 6, 1777. In this deed Dodge is described as "a
trader of Detroit," and it is stated that he bought the house and lot
of Lafleur June 7, 1774.[6] His Narrative does not agree with the
records in all cases, for he says he was confined in jail from January
to July, 1776, in daily expectation of death, while the records show
that he purchased this house and lot during this period. The story of
the rescue of a prisoner from the Indians, related in his Narrative, is
contained in the report of the Virginia Council of June 16, 1779.
Sometimes at liberty, engaged in trading, and sometimes confined in jail
as a rebel, he remained in Detroit and Mackinac till May, 1778, when he
was sent down to Quebec, at which place he arrived on the first day of

In the reports of rebel prisoners at Quebec in June and July, 1778, are
three entries referring to Dodge as follows: "John Dodge, 24 years old,
from Connecticut, a trader settled at Detroit for seven years, sent down
by Lieutenant Governor Hamilton. His commercial effects at Detroit.
Taken up on suspicion of having been in arms with the rebels."[7] He
remained in Quebec until the ninth day of the following October when he
escaped, going first to Boston and subsequently to General Washington.
Dodge does not state where or when he met Washington, but as the General
was in attendance at Congress from December 21, 1778, until some time in
the following January, he probably met him at Philadelphia. Dodge says
he visited Congress "having some matters relating to Canada worthy their
hearing." This related to the "certain expedition" referred to by
Washington in his letter of December 29th, a proposition to invade
Canada. Dodge was at Fort Pitt in the early part of January, 1779, and
from that port wrote a letter to John Montour.[8] There is no record of
Dodge's appearance before Congress, but he wrote a letter on the
subject, to Congress, as follows:

  Honorable Congress

                                            Pitsburg Jeneary 25 1779--

  as I have Ben one of the grateest Suferers that is now in the united
  States of Ameraca Both in Person and Property

  I have Sufferd Every thing But Death Robd Plundered of Every far
  thing that I was master of But loock upon it as an honour that I
  have Suffard in so just a Cause as we are now Engagd in and very
  happy that I have made my Escape from the Enemi after Being Prisener
  two years and nine months I think it my Duty as I am now in the
  Service of the united States to Enform your honnours of the
  Proceedings and Carriings on in the Department whare I am--it Both
  greaves and Shagrans me to the hart to Se matters so Ill Conduckted
  as theay are in this Department--it is very natural for Every one
  that has the Cause of his Contry at hart to Enquire into the reason
  of our grevences--is not one the farmers Being Drove of thair
  Plantation on our fronteers By the Saveges--Could theay remaind on
  thair Plantations theay Could have Ben very Sarvesable in Suppliing
  our main army in Provisions in Stead of that the Poor mifortonate
  Peopel are obleged to retreet into the thick Setled Contry and I may
  Say live almost upon the Charrity of the Contry which of consequence
  must Distress the hole Contry for Provisions we will Enquire why
  those Saveges are our Enemies theay are Bribd By the British to
  take up the hachet against us whare is thair rendevous Detroit a
  place Stockaded in with Cedar Pickets and Eighty Soldiers to gard it
  But it is Strong Enough to keep a large Quantity of goods in so the
  British Can and Do give near a millian Presents to Bribe the Saveges
  to fall upon our fronteers and Distress our hole Contry--But we will
  Suppose that Place to Be Esily taken which it raly is if matters
  ware Conducted as theay ought to Be--But we will Say that the
  Publick has Ben at grate Expence for two years Past and thare is
  nothing Done I may Say nothing thare is a fort Bult at Bever Criek
  and one at tuskerowayes which if theay are not rainforst with men
  and Provisions very Spedily we have no reason to think But theay
  will fall into the hands of the Enemi in the Spring now had one of
  those forts Ben Bult at Preskeele or Kichoga or any whare on the
  lake side the men might have Ben Employed this winter in Boulding of
  Boats or gundelows So that in the Spring we Could Command the lakes
  which if we Dont we Cant keep Detroit if we take it or if the winter
  had Seveir we Could have gone on the ice and taken Detroit and
  vessels to and with half the men that it would have taken at any
  other Season of the year for the vessels would Be all froze up But
  in Stead of that theay are Bult in an Endian Contry whare that all
  Supplies may Be very Esily Cut of and give the Saveges Susspicon
  that we are a going to Conker them and not our Enemi the English and
  very good right theay have after thare has Ben such threats throw
  out to them as thare has we hant the reason But to Expect then all
  against us Before general McIntosh marcht from Bever Criek the
  governer of Detroit Put up a few of the lower Sort of Saveges By
  Bribing them to Send word to the general that theay would meet him
  at Shuger Criek and give him Battel at the Same time thare was more
  than four to one Sent him word that theay would not Enterfeir or
  misleit him on his march as he had told them that he would go to
  Detroit the general marcht to the Place But thare was not one that
  apeard against him he then gave word that all those Saveges that Did
  not Come in within twelve Days time and join him that he would loock
  upon them as Enemies and use them as Such and that he would Destroy
  thair hole Contry--now it was an impossibillity for those nation
  that sent him word that theay would not misleit him to get word in
  that Short Space of time which the general thought Proper to Set
  much more Come in--now what Can we Expect But to have them all
  against us if thare is not Some Spedy rimedy--I Cannot Say what
  opinion your honours may have of the Saveges But I Can asure you
  that theay are very numerous thair numbers are not known that thare
  has not one out of a hundred taken up the hachet against us yet But
  we Cannot But Expect theay will if there is not Proper Steps taken
  and that Spedily--we will Supose that the Proper Steps are for us to
  march threw thair Contry and take Detroit which is Esily Done if
  matters ware Conducted as theay ought to Be--and By having that in
  our Possession and the lakes it will Be in our Power to forse all
  those near nations to Come upon our terms and that will Enduce all
  the farrons ones to Be upon aliance with us and then we Shall have
  all the trade of that Extensive Contry Quite from the north west
  hutsons Bay lake Superier the heads of the macceippia which will
  make our Contry florish--But we will Say the Publick has Ben at
  grate Expence for two years Past and we are no nearer now than we
  was when we fust Set out But what is the reason it is Because thare
  was Peopel Sent that Knew nothing of the mater the general told me
  that he was Brought up by the (sic) Sea Shore and that he knew
  nothing abought Pack horseing in this wooden Contry--I Dont take it
  upon me to Dictate or Sensure no one But I think that ought to Be
  Enquired into Before thare was thousands Spent But now it is to
  recall the horses and Bollocks are Dead the Provisions is Eat the
  men must have thair Pay it is Sunk lost gone and here we are Still
  going on in the Same way the general has likewise got the ill will
  of all his officers the melitia in Protickaler which I am very sorry
  for as theay are the only Peopel that we have to Depend upon to Do
  any thing in this Deartment--now if thare was not any one that knew
  how matters Should have Ben Conducted it would have Ben a meteriel
  Diference--But thare is a gentlemon of an unblemisht Carrecter who
  has Singulied himself By leaveing Every thing that was near and Dear
  to him and Come in to this Quarter of the Contry Prepared Proper
  talks for the Saveges and as he was grately respected By all those
  who knew him it had its Entended Effect and I Can asure your
  honnours that it has Ben the Saving of hundreads of lives and I Can
  further asure you By various Surcomstances and Credible Intilegence
  that if he had not have Come and Did what he Did that thare would
  not have remaind one family this Side alagane mountains--he is Still
  Striveing to keep them from falling upon us But as here is others
  here Strieveing to Set them up it will Be a very Difecult matter for
  him to Do it he has Sent for the Cheifs of the nations to Come in
  and that thare is Still mercy for them if theay will know thair Duty
  and as his Enfluence is grate with all those nations who know him I
  am in hope it will have its Effect But I Should not Be Disapointed
  if theay Did not after receiveing Such threts as theay have he has
  like wise at his own Privat Expence hired men and Sent threw the
  hole Contry abought Detroit and this side found out the Situation of
  it and when I was Prisener with the British I have heard them often
  make remarks that if he Did not Come against that we had not another
  man in our Parts that knew the Situation of the Contry and had the
  Enfluence with the natives as he had--But whatever knoledge he may
  have Concarning those matters he has not never had the offer of
  ordering of them But in Stead of that he has Ben Put under an arest
  By the fals raports of a Poor Ignorant Set of Peopel which is to the
  Eternal Shame of our Contry after he had Savd them from Being
  masacereed By the Saveges that was his reward--now I beg that your
  Honnours will take it into Consideration and order some Spedy
  arangement Before this Quarter of the Contry is ruined a house
  Devided against it Self Cannot Stand and your honnours may rely upon
  it that is the case here if I have taken to much liberty I Beg your
  honnours will loock over it as I would not wish to Do more than My
  Duty--form your most obedient

                                      and humble Servant--John Dodge--

  upon Colo. Morgans arival here he Sent an Express to the Endian
  nations for them to Come in and thare has two runners jest arived
  here with Speaches of grate Concequence which I suppose he will
  acquaint Congress with the Eairliest oppertunity--

              (_in pencil_)
  Specimen of the Literati of '76--!
                   Letter from John Dodge
            Pittsburg 25 Jany 1779
              Read Feby. 17th.--
            Referred to the board of war--

This letter or statement was not received by Congress till December
13, 1781, nearly two years later, and the committee to which it was
referred, reported adversely to the suggestions contained in it, March
20, 1782.

Early in 1779, Lieutenant Governor Henry Hamilton was captured
by General George Rogers Clark at Vincennes and was carried to
Williamsburg, Virginia, as a prisoner of war. The letters and Narrative
of Dodge had been read by some members of the Council of Virginia and
the Council resolved, June 16, 1779, that because of the cruelties
inflicted by Great Britain on the American prisoners of war, it was
proper to begin a system of retaliation, and they conclude their
resolution as follows:--"this board has resolved to advise the governor
that the said Henry Hamilton, Philip Dejean and William LaMothe,
prisoners of war, be put in irons, confined in the dungeon of the public
jail, debarred the use of pen, ink and paper and excluded all converse
except with their keeper, and the governor orders accordingly." The
charges preferred by Dodge against Hamilton, were urged as an additional
reason for confining the latter in jail. Hamilton answered that the
statements of Dodge were mutual, and that the latter was "an
unprincipled and perjured renegade."[9]

Hamilton's excuses were not well received, and although no longer
confined in irons, he remained in prison for some time, but was finally
released and subsequently returned to Canada as Lieutenant Governor of
the province.

Dodge was appointed Indian Agent by Virginia and was located in
Kaskaskia from 1780 to 1788 and possibly until a later date.[10]

When claims of the Revolutionary soldiers to the western lands were
being considered Dodge laid claim to a section, as a refugee from
Canada[11] and his heirs were awarded a tract containing 1280 acres in
the year 1800. This indicates that Dodge died before May 8th of that
year. Four patents were issued to the heirs of John Dodge for lands in
town sixteen, range twenty, Ohio, July 12, 1802.

Henry L. Caldwell, a grandson of Israel Dodge, wrote as follows:--"I do
not know the date of the death of Colonel John Dodge, neither can I
locate his grave or that of my grandfather, Israel Dodge, but the
remains of both are, beyond doubt, resting in the old grave yard in Ste.
Genevieve, Mo., which adjoins the catholic grave yard."[12]

John Dodge, while living at Kaskaskia, held a commission of Colonel
received from Governor Patrick Henry of Virginia. His brother Israel
Dodge was a lieutenant under him at that place. Israel had married Ann
Hunter at Carlisle, Pa., before he moved to the West, and at Vincennes,
their son Henry, who afterwards became the first Governor of the
Territory of Wisconsin, was born October 12, 1782. He was named after
Moses Henry, who was in the fort at Vincennes when it was captured by
Governor Hamilton in 1778, being the only private in the "Army" which
held out against the British invader.

There is a letter from John Dodge from Kaskaskia, June 23, 1783,
informing the Indians that Detroit had been captured by the Americans.
A false report. Va. St. Pap. 3. 500.

A letter to Philip Boyle at Sandusky, July 13, 1779, in Farmer's Hist.
of Detroit 1. 173. This letter was intercepted by the British. It
enclosed the proceedings of the Virginia Council concerning Hamilton.

Dodge was a great traveler in his day. Born in Connecticut in 1751, he
went to Sandusky, Ohio, in 1770, thence to Fort Pitt (Pittsburg), thence
back to Sandusky, thence in succession to Detroit, Michillimackinac
(Mackinac), Detroit, Quebec, Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Fort Pitt,
Vincennes (Indiana), Kaskaskia (Illinois), Ste. Genevieve (Missouri),
and New Orleans. We find mention of the man at these places and it is
very probable that his travels were much more extensive.[13]

In the Harman papers, as reported by the Missouri Historical Society, is
the following reference to Dodge in a letter from John Rice Jones, dated
October, 1789: "John Dodge and Michael Antanya, with a party of whites
and armed Piankeshaw Indians, came over from the Spanish side and
attempted to carry off some slaves of Mr. John Edgar, and otherwise were
guilty of outlandish conduct, threatening to burn the village." Dodge
and Edgar were old friends and fellow prisoners at Detroit. They were
both arrested and confined in that place as being too friendly towards
the American cause. Edgar was one of the witnesses relied upon to prove
that Dodge was entitled to the land grant for which he had made
application as a Canadian refugee.

James Wood[14] of Frederick County, Va., who is mentioned in the
Narrative, was appointed to command an expedition against the Shawanese,
and armed his company at his own expense. He was also deputed, by the
House of Burgesses, in 1775, to go among the several tribes of Western
Indians and invite them to a treaty at Fort Pitt. He set out on his
errand June 25, 1775, and was gone two months. He "underwent the
greatest fatigues, difficulties and dangers." He was ordered paid £250
for "the great service he hath done to this colony, by his diligent and
faithful execution of the commission with which he was intrusted."

The meeting of the Indians, which is referred to in the Narrative, took
place at Fort Pitt in October, 1775. One of the Indian chiefs who was
present on the occasion, was Shegenaba, the son of the famous Pontiac.
His father had recently been killed in a war between the Indians, and he
refers to this event in his speech, a part of which is as follows:

  Fathers: From the information I have had of the commandant of
  Detroit, with distrust I accepted your invitation, and measured my
  way to the council fire with trembling feet. Your reception of me
  convinces me of his falsehood, and the groundlessness of my fears.
  Truth and he has long been enemies. My father, and many of my
  chiefs, have lately tasted death. The remembrance of that misfortune
  almost unmans me, and fills my eyes with tears.

The following is another letter by Dodge:

                                             Fort Pitt Decr 13th 1781.


  I think it my indispencible duty to Lay before your Excellency a
  State of the Western Islianoy Country which may Probably throw Some
  light on the Various Reports which may have Reached you through
  Channels not so well acquainted with it as I am--Since Col George
  Rogers Clark took Possion of that Country by order of the State of
  Virginia the inhabitants have been obliged to furnish The means of
  Subsistance for a number of troops stationed Thare--Received bills
  for payment but the Greatest part of them protested and Still
  Remains unpaid which have Not only impoverished the Country to a
  Great Degree but Numbers have Joynd the Spanish Settlements on the
  Same Account and indeed the Greatest part are determined to Follow
  them if their Grievances are Not Remedied in Consequence the
  enormous Expence the State of Virginia has Been at in that quarter
  will be but of little advantage To the united States if the
  inhabitants all leave that Country and Join the Spanish Settlements
  who are Making use of Every means and giving Every incouragement In
  their power Even to our allied Savages but as Yet their efforts has
  proved inafectual with them But as Poverty is always loyable to
  temptation I fear their Warmest attachment to us Will be Seduced by
  those Who have it in their power to Supply them the inhabitants are
  too inconsiderable to Guard themselves from the Hostilities of our
  Enemies and have often Solicited me to Represent their Situation to
  Congress before the State of Virginia Gave up their Claim to that
  Country--the the Chief of the indian Nations Sent a Speech to
  Congress Representing the State of his Nation and if Nothing Cold
  be done in Regard of Suplying them Beged an answer Which to my
  knoledge was lodged with the board of War and Never no answer
  Received--Should Congress think proper to Send troops to protect and
  keep that Country under Subjection the Only Way in my Humble opinion
  to Furnish them Would be to send Some Confidential person with a
  proper Supply of Merchandize which would in incourage the Settlement
  of the Country Cultivate the Savage interest Supply the troops with
  Every Necessary the Return would also answer for Exportation and
  Finally open a Very Profitable and Extensive trade in a little
  time--But these hints I beg leave to Refer to your Excellencies own
  better Judgment Consious that if they are worth your Notice Will
  direct them into their Proper uses--I propose to Leave this Soon for
  that quarter and Shall be Very happy in Rendering any Service in my
  Power which may be advantageous to the United States that Your
  Excellency may think Proper to intrust to my mannagement--Pleasd to
  Excuse the freedom of my remarks Which you Will do me the Honour to

                             I have the honour to be with the Greatest

                             Your Excellencies
                                 Most Obd and Very
                                     Humbe Servt--
                                        Jno. Dodge
    His Excellency
      President of Congress
  (Dec. 13, 1782)

            Letter 13 Decr. 1781
                John Dodge
            Read Feby. 27, 1782
          Referred to Mr. Wolcot
                      Mr. Clark
                      Mr. Patridge
            The Comd discharged
      His Excellency
          President of Congress

The Committee to whom was referred the Letter of John Dodge report

That they have made the fullest enquiry that the circumstances of the
case would admit, relative to the Facts mentioned in said Letter, But
have not been able to obtain any Evidence to support them--and are
therefore of opinion that the Committee ought to be discharged.

    March 20, 1782.

  In council June 16, 1779.

  The board proceeded to the consideration of the letters of colonel
  Clarke, and other papers relating to Henry Hamilton Esqr., who has
  acted for some years past as Lieutenant Governour of the settlement
  at and about Detroit, and Commandant of the British garrison there,
  under Sir Guy Carleton as Governour in Chief; Philip Dejean Justice
  of the Peace for Detroit and William Lamothe, Captain of volunteers,
  prisoners of war, taken in the county of Illinois.

  They find that Governour Hamilton has executed the task of inciting
  the Indians to perpetrate their accustomed cruelties on the citizens
  of these States, without distinction of age, sex, or condition, with
  an eagerness and activity which evince that the general nature of
  his charge harmonized with his particular disposition; they should
  have been satisfied from the other testimony adduced that these
  enormities were committed by savages acting under his commission,
  but the number of proclamations which, at different times were left
  in houses, the inhabitants of which were killed or carried away by
  the Indians, one of which proclamations, under the hand and seal of
  Governour Hamilton, is in possession of the Board, puts this fact
  beyond doubt. At the time of his captivity it appears, that he had
  sent considerable detachments of Indians against the frontier
  settlements of these states, and had actually appointed a great
  council of Indians to meet him at the mouth of the Tanissee, to
  concert the operations of this present campaign. They find that his
  treatment of our citizens and soldiers, captivated and carried
  within the limits of his command, has been cruel and inhumane; that
  in the case of John Dodge, a citizen of these states, which has been
  particularly stated to this Board, he loaded him with irons, threw
  him into a dungeon, without bedding, without straw, without fire, in
  the dead of winter and severe climate of Detroit; that in that state
  he harrassed and wasted him, with incessant expectations of death;
  that when the rigours of his situation had brought him so low that
  death seemed likely to withdraw him from their power, he was taken
  out and attended to somewhat mended, and then again, before he had
  recovered abilities to walk, was returned to his dungeon, in which a
  hole was cut seven inches square only, for the admission of air, and
  the same load of irons again put on him; that appearing again to be
  in imminent danger of being lost to them, he was a second time taken
  from his dungeon, in which he had lain from January to June, with
  the intermission before mentioned of a few weeks only; That
  Governour Hamilton gave standing rewards for scalps, but offered
  none for prisoners, which induced the Indians, after making their
  captives carry their baggage into the neighborhood of the fort,
  there to put them to death, and carry in their scalps to the
  Governour, who welcomed their return and success by a discharge of
  cannon; that when a prisoner brought [a]live, and destined to death
  by the Indians, the fire already kindled, and himself bound to the
  stake, was dexterously withdrawn and secreted from them by the
  humanity of a fellow prisoner; a large reward was offered for the
  discovery of the victim, which having tempted a servant to betray
  his concealment, the present prisoner Dejean being sent with a party
  of soldiers, surrounded the house, took and threw into jail the
  unhappy victim, and his deliverer, where the former soon expired
  under the perpetual assurances of Dejean, that he was to be again
  restored into the hands of the savages, and the latter when enlarged
  was bitterly and illiberally reprimanded and threatened by Governour

  It appears to them that the prisoner Dejean, was on all occasions
  the willing and cordial instrument of Governour Hamilton, acting
  both as judge and keeper of the jail, and instigating and urging him
  by malicious insinuations and untruths, to increase rather than
  relax his severities, heightening the cruelty of his orders by the
  manner of executing them; offering at one time a reward to one
  prisoner to be the hangman of another, threatening his life on
  refusal, and taking from his prisoners the little property their
  opportunities enabled them to acquire.

  It appears that the prisoner, Lamothe, was a Captain of the
  volunteer scalping parties of Indians and whites wh[o] went out from
  time to time, under general orders to spare neither men, women, nor

  From this detail of circumstances which arose in a few cases only,
  coming accidentally to the knowledge of the Board they think
  themselves authorized to presume by fair deduction what would be the
  horrid history of the sufferings of the many who have expired under
  their miseries (which therefore will remain forever untold) or who
  having escaped from them, are yet too remote and too much dispersed
  to bring together their well grounded accusations against these

  They have seen that the conduct of the British officers, civil and
  military, has in its general tenor, through the whole course of this
  war, been savage & unprecedented among civilized nations; that our
  officers and soldiers taken by them have been loaded with irons,
  consigned to loathesome and crouded jails, dungeons, and prison
  ships; supplied often with no food, generally with too little for
  the sustenance of nature, and that little sometimes unsound and
  unwholsome, whereby so many of them have perished that captivity and
  miserable death have with them been almost synonimous; that they
  have been transported beyond seas where their fate is out of the
  reach of our enquiry, have been compelled to take arms against their
  country, and by a new refinement in cruelty to become the murtherers
  of their own brethren.

  Their prisoners with us have, on the other hand, been treated with
  moderation and humanity; they have been fed on all occasions with
  wholesome and plentiful food, lodged comfortably, suffered to go at
  large within extensive tracts of country, treated with liberal
  hospitality, permitted to live in the families of our citizens, to
  labour for themselves, to acquire and to enjoy property, and finally
  to participate of the principal benefits of society while privileged
  from all its burthens.

  Reviewing this contrast which cannot be denied by our enemies
  themselves in a single point, which has now been kept up during four
  years of unremitted war, a term long enough to produce well founded
  despair that our moderation may ever lead them into a practice of
  humanity, called on by that justice which we owe to those who are
  fighting the battles of their country, to deal out at length
  miseries to their enemies, measure for measure, and to distress the
  feelings of mankind by exhibiting to them spectacles of severe
  retaliation, where we had long and vainly endeavoured to introduce
  an emulation in kindness; happily possessed by the fortune of war
  some of those very individuals, who having distinguished themselves
  personally in this line of cruel conduct, are fit subjects to begin
  on with the work of retaliation, this Board has resolved to advise
  the Governour that the said Henry Hamilton, Philip Dejean, and
  William Lamothe, prisoners of war, be put into irons, confined in
  the dungeon of the publick jail, debarred the use of pen, ink, and
  paper, and excluded all converse except with their keeper. And the
  Governour orders accordingly.

      Attest                          Archibald Blair C. C. (_A copy_)

                              MR. DODGE'S
                      Of his SUFFERINGS among the
                              AT  DETROIT.



                            AN ENTERTAINING

               Of the cruel and barbarous Treatment and
                         extreme SUFFERINGS of

                            MR. JOHN DODGE
                              DURING  HIS
                       OF MANY MONTHS AMONG THE
                               AT DETROIT.

                      IN WHICH IS ALSO CONTAINED,

               A particular Detail of the SUFFERINGS of
                 a Virginian, who died in their Hands.

    Written by Himself: and now published to satisfy the Curiosity
              of every one throughout the UNITED STATES.

                          THE SECOND EDITION.

               DANVERS, near SALEM: Printed and Sold by
             E. RUSSELL. next the Bell-Tavern. M,DCC LXXX.
          At the same Place may be had a Number of new Books,
        &c. some of which are on the Times--Cash paid for Rags

  It is worthy of remark, that the three persons who make a principal
  _inglorious_ figure in the following NARRATIVE, viz. Governor
  _Hamilton_, _De Jeane_ and _Le Mote_, were afterwards taken by the
  brave Colonel CLARKE, of Virginia, at Fort St. Vincent, and are now
  confined in irons in a goal in Virginia (by order of the Legislature
  of that State) as a _retaliation_ for their former _inhuman_
  treatment of prisoners, who fell into their hands, particularly Mr.
  DODGE, who has the pleasing consolation of viewing his _savage
  adversaries_ in a similar predicament with himself when in their
  power----though it is not in the breast of generous AMERICANS to
  treat them with equal barbarity.

                              NARRATIVE, &

I sometime since left the place of my nativity in Connecticut, and, in
the year 1770, settled in Sandusky, an Indian village, about half way
between Pittsburgh and Detroit, where I carried on a very beneficial
trade with the natives, until the unhappy dispute between Great-Britain
and America reached those pathless wilds, and roused to war Savages no
ways interested in it.

In July, 1775, Capt. James Woods called at my house in his way to the
different indian towns, where he was going to invite them, in the name
of the Congress, to a treaty to be held at Fort-Pitt. the ensuing fall;
I attended him to their villages, and the Savages promised him they
would be there. Capt. Woods also invited me to go with the Indians to
the treaty, as they were in want of an interpreter, which I readily
agreed to.

Soon after the departure of Capt. Woods, the Commander of Fort-Detroit
sent for the Savages in and about Sandusky, and told them that he heard
they were invited by the Americans to a treaty at Pittsburgh, which they
told him was true; on which he delivered them a talk to the following
purport: "That he was their father, and as such he would advise them as
his own children; that the Colonists who were to meet them at Pittsburgh
were a bad people; that by the indulgence of their Protector, they had
grown a numerous and saucy people; that the great King not thinking they
would have the assurance to oppose his just laws, had kept but few
troops in America for some years past; that those men being ignorant of
their incapacity to go through with what they intend, propose to cut off
the few regulars in this country, and then you Indians, and have all
America to themselves; and all they want is, under the shew of
friendship, to get you into their hands as hostages, and there hold you,
until your nations shall comply with their terms, which if they refuse,
you will be all massacred. Therefore do not go by any means; but if you
will join me, and keep them at bay a little while, the King, our father,
will send large fleets and Armies to our assistance, and we will soon
subdue them, and have their plantations to ourselves."

This talk so dismayed the Indians, that they came to me and said they
would not go to the treaty, at the same time telling me what the
Governor of Detroit had said to them. On this Mr. James Heron and myself
having the cause of our country at heart, asserted that what the
Governor had said was false and told them that the Colonists would not
hurt a hair of their heads, and if they would go to the treaty, that I,
with Mr. Heron, would be security, and pledge our property, to the
amount of four thousand pounds, for their safe return. This, with the
arrival of Mr. Butler with fresh invitations, induced some of them to go
with me to the treaty.

In the fall I attended a number of them to the treaty, where we were
politely received by the Commissioners sent by Congress. The council
commenced; the Indians, who are always fond of fishing in troubled
water, offered their assistance, which was refused, with a request that
they would remain in peace, and not take up the hatchet on either side.
On the whole, these Indians were well pleased with the talk from the
Congress, and promised to remain quiet.

The Commissioners thinking it proper, sont the Continental belt and talk
by some of the Chiefs to the Savages who resided about the lakes. These
Chiefs being obliged to pass Sandusky, in their rout, Mr. John Gibson,
Agent for Indian affairs requested me to accompany them, and furnish
them with what they stood in need of; on which I took them home.

On my arrival at the village I found the Savages in confusion, and
preparing to war, on which I called a Council and rehearsed the
Continental talk, which with a present of goods to the amount of twenty
five pounds, quieted them. This I informed Congress of, agreable to
their request, by express, and that the Governor of Detroit was still
urging the Indians to war. Soon after this, a party of Savages from the
neighborhood of the lakes, came to my house on their way to the frontier
to strike a blow: I asked them the reason they took up the hatchet? They
replied, that the Governor of Detroit had told them, that the Americans
were going to murder them all and take their lands but if they would
join him, they would be able to drive them off, and that he would give
them twenty dollars a scalp. On this I rehearsed the Continental talk,
and making them a small present they returned home, believing as I had
told them, that the Governor was a liar and meant to deceive them.

On this I thought proper to write the Governor of Detroit, what he was
to expect should he continue to persuade the Indians to take up the
Hatchet. He was so enraged at the receipt of this letter, that he
offered one hundred pounds for my scalp or body, he sent out several
parties to take me without effect, until having spread an evil report of
me among the indians, on the fifteenth of January, 1776, my house was
surrounded by about twenty soldiers and savages, who broke into the
house, made me a prisoner, and then marched me for Detroit.

It was about the dusk of the evening, when, after a fatiguing march, I
arrived at Detroit, and was carried before Henry Hamilton, late a
Captain in the fifteenth regiment, but now Governor and Commandant of
Detroit; he ordered me to close confinement, telling me to spend that
night in making my peace with GOD, as it was the last night I should
live; I was then hurried to a loathsome dungeon, ironed and thrown in
with three criminals, being allowed neither bedding, straw or fire,
although it was in the depth of winter, and so exceeding cold, that my
toes were froze before morning.

About ten o'clock the next morning, I was taken out and carried before
the Governor, who produced a number of letters with my name signed to
them, and asked me if they were my hand writing? To which I replied they
were not. He then said, it was a matter of indifference to him whether
I owned it or not, as he understood that I had been carrying on a
correspondence with Congress, taking the Savages to their treaties, and
preventing their taking up the hatchet in favor of his Majesty, to
defend his crown and dignity that I was a rebel and traitor, and he
would hang me. I asked him whether he intended to try me by the civil or
military law, or give me any trial at all? To which be replied, that he
was not obliged to give any damn'd rebel a trial unless he thought
proper, and that he would hang every one he caught, and that he would
begin with me first. I told him if he took my life, to beware of the
consequence, as he might depend on it that it would be looked into.
What, says he, do you threaten me you damn'd rebel? I will soon alter
your tone; here take the damn'd rebel to the dungeon again, and let him
pray to God to have mercy on his soul, for I will soon fix his body
between heaven and earth and every scoundrel like him.

I was then redelivered to the hands of Philip De Jeane, who acted in
the capacity of judge, sheriff and jailor, and carried back to my
dungeon, where I was soon waited on by the Missionary to read prayers
with me; but it was so extremely cold, he could not stand it but a few
minutes at a time. In conversation with him, I told him I thought it
was very hard to lose my life without a trial, and as I was innocent
of the charge alledged against me. He said it was very true, but that
the Governor had charged him not to give me the least hopes of life,
as he would absolutely hang me.

I remained in this dismal situation three days, when De Jeane came
and took out one of the criminals who was in the dungeon with me, and
held a short conference with him, then came and told me, the Governor
had sent him to tell me to prepare for another world, as I had not
long to live, and then withdrew. I enquired of the criminal, who was a
Frenchman, what De Jeane wanted with him? But he would not tell me.

The evening following he told his brother in distress, that De Jeane had
offered him twenty pounds to hang Mr. Dodge (meaning me) but that he had
refused unless he had his liberty; De Jeane then said, that we should
both be shot under the gallows.

Being at last drove almost to despair, I told De Jeane to inform the
Governor I was readier to die at that time than I should ever be, and
that I would much rather undergo his sentence, than be tortured in the
dreadful manner I then was. He returned for answer, that I need not
hurry them, but prepare myself, as I should not know my time until half
an hour before I was turned off.

Thus did I languish on in my dungeon, without a friend being allowed to
visit me, denied the necessaries of life, and must have perished with
the cold it being in the depth of winter, had not my fellow-prisoners
spared me a blanket from their scanty stock. Thus denied the least
comfort in life together with the unjust and savage threatning I
received every day, brought me so very low, that my inability to answer
De Jeane's unreasonable questions, with which he daily tormented me
respecting innocent men, obliged him to notice my situation, and no
doubt thinking I should die in their hands, they thought proper to
remove me to the barracks, and ordered a Doctor to attend me. The
weather had been so extreme cold, and my legs had been bolted in such a
manner, that they were so benumbed, and the sinews contracted, that I
had not the least use of them; and the severity of my usage had brought
on a fever, which had nigh saved them any further trouble.

After I had lain some time ill, and my recovery was despaired of, De
Jeane called and told me that the Governor had altered his mind with
respect to executing me, and bid me be of good cheer, as he believed
the Governor would give me my liberty when I got better; I replied it
was a matter of indifference to me whether he gave me my liberty or
not, as I had much rather die than remain at their mercy: On which he
said, "You may die and be damn'd," and bounced out of the room.

When I had so far recovered as to be able to set up in my bed, my
nurse being afraid I should inform her husband of her tricks in his
absence, told the Governor that I was a going to make my escape with a
party of soldiers, that I was well and could walk as well as she
could, though at that time my legs were still so cramped and benumbed
with the irons and cold, that had kingdoms been at stake I could not

On this information, De Jeane came and told me to get up and walk to
the dungeon from whence I came. I told him I was unable: "Crawl then
you damn'd rebel, or I will make you." I told him he might do as he
pleased, but I could not stand, much more walk: On this he called a
party of soldiers, who tossed me into a cart and carried me to the
dungeon: Here, by the persuasion of the Doctor, who was very kind and
attentive, I was allowed a bed and not ironed. By his care and the
weather growing milder, I got rid of my fever and began to walk about
my dungeon, which was only eight feet square; but even this was a
pleasure too great for me to enjoy long, for in a few days I was put
into irons. The weather now growing warm and the place offensive,
from the filth of the poor fellows I had left there, and who were
afterwards executed, I relapsed. By persuasion of the Doctor who told
them unless I had air I should die, a hole about seven inches square
was cut to let in some air.

I remained ill until June, although the
Doctor had done all that lay in his power;
he then let the Governor know, that it
was impossible for me to recover unless I
was removed from the dungeon, on which
he sent De Jeane to inform me, if I would
give security for my good behavior, that
he would let me out of prison. Being by
my usage and fever, reduced to a state of
despondence, I told him that it was a matter
of indifference what he did with me, and
that his absence was better than his company:
He then published it abroad, and several
Gentlemen voluntarily entered into two
thousand pounds security for me, and I once
more was allowed to breath the fresh air, after
six months confinement in a loathsome
dungeon, except eight or nine weeks that I
lay sick at the barracks.

On my going abroad, I learned that all the property I left in the woods,
to the amount of fifteen or sixteen hundred pounds, was taken in the
King's name and divided among the Indians. As I had but little to attend
to but the recovery of my health, I mended apace. As soon as I could
walk abroad, Governor Hamilton sent for me and said, he was sorry for my
misfortunes, and hoped I would think as little as possible of them; that
I was in a low state, he thought I had best not think of business, or
think of what I had left, as he would lend me a hand to recover my
losses. This smooth discourse gave me but little satisfaction for the
ill usage I had received at his hands; however, I was determined to rest
as easy as I could, until I had an opportunity of obtaining redress.

As soon as I found myself so far recovered as to be able to do business,
which was in September, I applied to the Governor to go down the
country, but he put me off with fine words, a permission to do business
there, and a promise of his assistance. I now settled my accounts with
the persons with whom I was connected in trade, and found myself seven
hundred pounds in debt. My credit being pretty good, I set up a retail
store, and as many of the inhabitants pitied my case, they all seeming
willing to spend their money with me. My being master of the different
Indian languages about Detroit, was also of service to me, so that in a
short time I paid off all my debts, and began to add to my stock.

In the spring of 1777 I heard there was like to be a good trade at
Machilimakanac, on which I applied to the Governor, and with a great
deal of trouble got a pass, went and met with good trade. On my return
Governor Hamilton by several low arts attempted to pick my cargo, which
as it would spoil the sale of the remainder, I could not allow. As he
had no pretence for taking them from me by force, it once more provoked
him to wrath against me; he greatly retarded my sales by denying me a
permit to draw my powder out of the magazine; also ordered myself and
two servants to be ready at a moment's warning to march under Capt. Le
Mote on a scouting party with Savages: I told him it was against my
inclination to take up arms against my own flesh and blood, and much
more so to go with Savages to butcher and scalp defenceless women and
children, that were not interested in the present dispute: He said it
was not any of my business whether they were interested in the dispute
or not; and added if you are not ready when called for, I will fix you.
Lucky for me he was soon after called down the country, and succeded by
Capt. Mountpresent as Commander, who ordered Le Mote to strike my name
out of his books: but my servants with their pay, I lost entirely.

The party of Savages under Le Mote went out with orders not to spare
man, woman or child. To this cruel mandate even some of the Savages made
an objection, respecting the butchering women and children, but they
were told the children would make soldiers, and the women would keep up
the stock.--Those sons of Britain offered no reward for prisoners, but
they gave the Indians twenty dollars a scalp, by which means they
induced the Savages to make the poor inhabitants, who they had torn from
their peaceable homes, carry their baggage until within a short distance
of the fort, where in cold blood, they murdered them, and delivered
their green scalps in a few hours after to those British Barbarians, who
on the first yell of the Savages, flew to meet and hug them to their
breasts reeking with the blood of innocence, and shewed them every mark
of joy and approbation, by firing of cannon &c.

One of these parties returning with a number of woman and children's
scalps, and three prisoners, they were met by the Commander of the
fort, and after usual demonstrations of joy delivered their scalps, for
which they were paid; the Indians then made the Commandant a present of
two of the prisoners, reserving the third as a sacrifice to the manes of
one of them that had fell in the expedition. Being shocked at the idea
of one of my fellow-creatures being tortured and burnt alive by those
inhuman Savages, I sought out the Indian who had lost his relative, and
to whom, according to the Indian custom, this unhappy man belonged; I
found him, took him home with me, and by the assistance of some of my
friends and twentyfive pounds worth of goods, I persuaded the inhuman
wretch to sell his life to me. As the rest of the gang had taken the
prisoner about two leagues distance, and were making merry over him, we
were obliged to lay a scheme to deliver him from their hands, which we
did in the following manner, it being midnight and very dark the Indian,
myself and two servants crossed the river in a batteaux to where they
were carousing around this unhappy victim. The Indian then went to his
companion, and under a pretence of taking the prisoner out to answer a
call of nature, delivered him to me, who lay at some distance, and I
carried him to the batteaux. As soon as he found himself in the hands of
his deliverer, his transport was too great for his tender frame; three
different times he sunk lifeless in my arms, and as often by the help
of water, the only remedy at hand, I prevented his going to the land of
spirits in a transport of joy. None but those who have experienced it,
can have an idea of the thoughts that must have agitated the breast of a
man, who but a few minutes before saw himself surronnded by Savages,
whose dismal yell, and frightful figures, heightened by the glare of a
large fire in a dismal wood, which must have harrowed up the soul of an
uninterested bystander, much more one who knew that very fire was
prepared for his execution, and that every moment the executioner was
expected to arrive.--The executioner arrives; he advances towards him;
he losens this unhappy victim from the tree to which he was bound, no
doubt as this young man imagined to be led to the stake; but as it were
in an instant, he finds himself in the hands of his deliverer and
fellow-countryman. This, as I said before was too much for him to bear;
however I got his almost lifeless corpse to my house, where I kept him
hid. The Indian, according to our agrement in an hour or two after I was
gone, returned seemingly much fatigued, and told his fellow Savages who
were impatiently waiting to begin their brutal sacrifice, that the
prisoner had escaped, and that he had in vain pursued him. Some time
after this I found an opportunity and made an agrement with the Captain
of a vessel going to Michilimakanac, to take my unhappy inmate with him,
but one of my servants being tempted, by a large reward that was offered
for retaking the above prisoner, informed De Jeane, that he was hid in
my house, on which my habitation was soon surrounded by a party of
soldiers under the command of said De Jeane, and myself, the young man
and four servants were made prisoners, and having demanded my keys,
which I delivered, we were hurried to goal and confined in different
rooms. Here this unhappy young fellow, in high expectations of seeing
his friends, was once more plunged into the horrors of imprisonment.

  [Illustration: REPRESENTATION of the Indian Manner
                   of burning an English Prisoner.]

I was sent for and carried before the Commandant, where, on being
examined who was the person in my house, I frankly told him it was a
young man whom I had bought of the Indians when they were going to burn
him, and that I meant to send him to Canada to be out of the way of the
Savages, but De Jeane, like other men of bad principles, thinking no man
could do a good action without sinister views, said that he believed I
had purchased him to serve my own ends, and that he would find them out,
which the Commandant ordered him to do as soon as possible, and I was
ordered to prison.

De Jeane then took my servant, who was his informant, ironed him, put
him in the dungeon, and after keeping him three days on bread and water,
the lad almost frightened out of his senses, sent for De Jeane, and told
him that the day before I was taken up I had wrote several letters, and
on his bringing a candle to seal them, that I said, if he told any one
that I was writing to Pitsburg, that I would blow his brains out. This
suiting De Jeane's purpose, he made the lad swear to it, and then set
him with the rest of my servants at liberty.

I was now once more called before the Commandant, who told me he
understood I was going to send an express to his Majesty's enemies, in
consequence of which he had taken an inventory of my effects, and meant
to send me to Canada. I told him he was misinformed: He then taxes me
with what De Jeane had forced from my servant; asked me where I was
writing the day before I was taken? I told him to my correspondents in
Montreal; and luckily for me a neighbor of mine, having been at my
house, was produced, who declared the truth of what I said, and that I
being hurried, had given him the letters to carry on board the vessel.
This with some other false accusations being cleared up, I was once more
released on giving fresh security.

Though myself and servants were, for want of a pretence for detaining
us, set at liberty, it was not so with the unfortunate young man whom
I had purchased from the Indian; he still remained in prison, daily
tormented with the threats of De Jeane, that he would deliver him to the
Indians, which so preyed on his spirits, that in a short time it threw
him into a fever. I then applied to Capt Montpresent, the Commandant,
who gave me permission, and I removed him to sick quarters, where
I hired Jacob Pue, of Virginia, his fellow prisoner, to attend him. I
also, when leisure would permit, attended him myself; but De Jeane, who
still haunted him, had so great an effect on him, that one day when I
visited him, he called me to his bedside and said to me, that De Jeane
had just left him, that he told him to make haste and get well, as the
Indians were waiting for him. Pray Sir, (said the young man to De Jeane)
for GOD's sake try to keep me from the Indians, for if they get me they
will burn me. Keep you from them, said De Jeane, you damn'd rebel you
deserve to be burned, and all your damn'd countrymen with you, for you
need not think Dodge can save you; General Hamilton is now come up, and
he will fix you all. I tried to comfort him, and told him to be of good
courage: Oh! replied he. I am almost distracted with the idea of being
burnt by the Savages; I had much rather die where I am, than be
delivered into the hands of those horrid wretches, from whom I so lately
by your hands escaped, the recollection of which, makes me shudder with
horror. He could say no more; he sunk under it, and in a few hours
after, death, more kind than his cruel tormentors, released him from his
troubles. I paid the last tribute to this my unhappy Countryman, and had
his corpse decently interred, attended by the Missionary and most of the
principal Merchants of the town.


As Hamilton was arrived, I had every thing to expect that his malice
could invent, more especially as De Jeane, to whom his ear was always
open, had told him (as I was informed) all and more than what had
happened during his absence. About a month after the death of the
unhappy young man above related, I had occasion for some of my powder
out of the magazine: I wrote an order to the conductor, according to
custom and waited on the Governor to have it signed; on presenting it to
him, he looked at it, and then looked at me with a sarcastic smile said,
It is powder you want, you damn'd rascal is it? At the same time
tearing my order and throwing it in my face: You have behaved yourself
very well, have you not? After my granting you your life, you would not
go with Le Mote, would you not? says, he and starting up in a great
passion as though he would strike me, put himself between me and the
door. What, says he, you have a damn'd deal of influence with the
Indians; you can purchase prisonners without my approbation can you? you
damn'd rascal. Sir, said I, I am no rascal; not a word out of your
mouth, says Hamilton, go about your business and take care of me or I
will fix you: I replied it had always been my study to take care of him;
not a word, says he, go about your business, and bless your stars I was
not here instead of Capt. Montpresent, for I would have fixed you, you
damn'd scoundrel. Here I took my leave, went home and determined to
think as little of Mr. Hamilton and his usage as possible, until I had
an opportunity of getting redress.

Notwithstanding the hatred of Hamilton and De Jeane; I spent the
forepart of the winter very happily, until the 25th of Jan. 1778, when
several Merchants of the town got permission to go to Sandusky to trade,
and as they proposed encamping about two leagues from the town, myself
and several others in a friendly manner, proposed and did accompany them
in our sleighs to their first stage; but on our return, I being a head,
was challenged by De Jeane, at the head of thirty or forty soldiers, by
asking who came there? To which I replied, John Dodge; he then ordered
the soldiers to seize me and the two gentlemen in the sleigh with me,
and forced us to return to the encampment we had just left, where he
seized the whole of the gentlemen who were going by permission to
Sandusky, with their goods, sleighs, &c. and carried the whole of us the
next morning back to the fort, and charged us with sending out goods to
supply (as he politely termed it) the rebels.

After being detained three days in prison I was taken to De Jeane's
house to see my papers, books, desk, &c. examined. They broke open my
desk pretending to have lost the key. On searching, they could not find
any thing worth their notice, or what they expected to find. De Jeane
then gave me my keys, and told me to send for my desk and take care of
myself as he would watch me: I told him, as he had taken it from my home
and broke it, he should mend it and send it home before I would receive
it: Stop a little said he, I will speak to the Governor and fix you yet
if I can; he then gave me into the case of the guard, and ordered me to
goal. About the fifth day after this, not hearing any thing from him, I
sent for my violin, and was diverting myself, when Governor Hamilton
passed by, and inquired who was playing on the violin, to which the
Corporal of the guard answer'd it was me. The next day De Jeane waited
on me with a Blacksmith, who soon clapped on a pair of hand-bolts; and
now, says De Jeane, I have fixed you, you may play the violin until you
are tired; I asked him what I had done to be treated thus; for that you
must apply to the Governor said he, for it is his pleasure that you are
so: He then threatened to put on my leg bolts; on which I told him I did
not value his irons, but if he kept me prisoner, I should look to him
for my property, (about 3000l.) Yes, says he, we will fix you and your
property too, and then left me. About six days after, I was taken to my
own house, where two English and two Frenchmen, by order of the
Governor, took an inventor of my goods, and soon after sold the whole at
vendue, for about 1900l. New-York currency. Thus being a second time
robbed of my property, I lay a prisoner as contented as possible,
without any thing material happening until the first of May.

On the first of May 1778, I was put on board a vessel to go down
to Quebec, and by some of my friends furnished with provision and
necessaries for the voyage; but of these I was robbed by De Jeane, and
had it not been for some gentlemen, passengers in the same vessel, I
must have suffered with hunger. On the first of June I arrived at
Quebec, where I was conducted to Mr. Printices the Provost Marshal! Ha!
ha! says he, Mr. Dodge, are you here? I have often been told you were a
damn'd rascal doing all you could against government. It is a pity
Governor Hamilton did not hang you when he was about it, as he would
have saved government a great deal of trouble. From hence I was
conducted on board the prison ship Mariah, with a number of Farmers,
taken off their plantations by the Savages.

Two days after I was put on board the prison ship, we were visited by
Mr. Murray, Commissary of Prisoners, to whom I gave an account of my
capture and ill usage; he told me, he would speak to the General, and
give me an answer. Two days after, he came on board, and told me, as it
was very difficult times, I could not have a hearing at present; I told
him I wanted nothing but what the English constitution allowed, and if
I could not get that in Quebec, I would apply to England; to which he
replied I had better be easy, for if I did not, he would put me in irons

I remained on board the prison ship until the begining of August, when
Mr. Murray came on board, and informed me that I was not to go with the
prisoners; but if I would give my parole, I should be allowed the
liberty of Quebec. I asked him the occasion I could not be sent with the
other prisoners; he replied it was the Governor's orders: I asked him if
I was to be allowed any support; he said, not any. I told him it was
very hard to be dragged from my house, robbed of my property, deprived
of my liberty, sent 1200. miles in irons, and still be held a prisoner
in the town of Quebec, without any allowance for support: All my
applications were in vain, I was set on shore under parole the fourth of
August, and the ship sailed with the other prisoners soon after.

The cause of my detention, as I was afterwards told by Mr. Murray, was,
that Governor Hamilton, of Detroit, had wrote the General not to send
me round with the other prisoners; for if I got into the United States,
he knew I would come immediately upon him, and as I knew the country,
was well acquainted with the languages of the different Indians about
the lakes, and had great influence among them, should be the means of
their losing the fort, which would be much against the crown.

On my enlargement, I soon got acquainted with a number of gentlemen, who
were friends to the United States, and the cause in which they were
engaged. Some days after going on shore, I fell in company with a Mr.
Jones, who happened at that time to be reading a letter sent by General
Montgomery, while he lay before Quebec, to Gov. Carlton, and on
concluding it said he hoped General Montgomery was in hell, and that all
the rebels would soon be with him; to this I made a reply, words ensued,
and then blows; he drew on me, but I parried his thrust with my cane, so
that I only got a small wound on my knee: He then made a complaint and I
was sent for by the General, who threatened to put me in confinement, if
I did not find security; this I soon found, and bonds were given for me
for two months: at the end of which, as they neglected renewing them
and left me without parole or security, I hired an Indian guide, and on
the ninth of Oct I quitted Quebec. After a fatiguing march through the
woods, on the 20th of Nov. I arrived at Boston, where I was kindly
received and politely treated by General Gates who supplied my wants and
forwarded to me to his Excellency, General Washington; I, waited on him,
was politely received and sent on to Congress, having some matters
relating to Canada, worthy of their hearing.

Had the love of my country no ways prompted me to act against the
tyranny of Britain. I leave it to the world to judge whether I have not
a right to revolt from under the dominion of such tyrants and exert
every faculty God has given me to seek satisfaction for the ill usage I
received than if I had ten thousand lives, and was sure to lose them
all: I think should I not attempt to gain satisfaction I should deserve
to be a slave the remainder of my life.




[1] Almon's _Remembrancer_, 1779.

[2] First edition, Philadelphia, 1779, and second edition, Danvers,
Massachusetts, 1780; also printed in _Connecticut Gazette and Universal
Intelligencer_, February 2, 1780.

[3] _Virginia State Papers_, 1, 321.

[4] _Dodge Genealogy_, page 137. _American Ancestry_, 6, 192. The sketch
in _The Magazine of Western History_, 4, 282, contains many errors.

[5] _Wayne County Records_, B. 9, 91.

[6] If this date is correct it would appear that Dodge was in Detroit
before he was brought there as a captive.

[7] Manuscript, British Museum.

[8] For a history of the Montour family see Egle's _Notes and Queries_,
3rd series, 1, 118. John Montour was arrested and confined in Detroit in
1778. See _Michigan Historical Society Collections_, 9, 434.

[9] _Michigan Historical Society Collections_, 9, 512.

[10] _Fergus Historical Series_, number 31, page 62. See also number 33,
pages 159, 182, 183, 209; also _Calendar of Virginia State Papers_, 1,

[11] _American State Papers_, _Public Lands_, Volume 1, (Gales and
Seaton), 106, 110. A letter from John Rice Jones on file in the Interior
Department, dated January 18, 1800, states that Dodge and his wife were
both dead.

[12] Letter from Henry L. Caldwell to Louise M. Dalton, Missouri
Historical Society, dated December 4, 1906. Mr. Caldwell died April 11,
1907, a very old man. Miss Dalton was secretary of the Missouri
Historical Society and died in June of the same year.

[13] A little information is obtained from the Ste. Genevieve records,
now in possession of the Missouri Historical Society, and a letter of
John Rice Jones now on file in the Interior Department at Washington.
The Jones letter is dated January 18, 1800, and in it he says that John
Dodge was married somewhere in Virginia and that both Dodge and his wife
are dead. From the other records it appears that the wife's name was

[14] Wood was a Revolutionary soldier and officer of considerable
importance, and was elected Governor of Virginia, serving from December
1, 1796, till December 1, 1799. He died July 16, 1813. _American
Archives_, 4th Series, Volume 4, 110-115. See also same series, Volume
2, 1209, 1240. Wood's _Journal_ is in _The Revolution on the Upper
Ohio_, page 34. _Old Westmoreland_, 18. _American Archives_, 4th Series,
Volume 3, 1542.


  Antanya, Michael, assists Dodge, 15.

  Beaver Creek (Bever Criek), 9.

  Blair, Archibald, 23.

  Boston, visited by Dodge, 7, 15;
    Dodge meets General Gage there, 56.

  Boyle, Philip, letter to, 15.

  Butler, Mr., aids Dodge in inducing Indians to make treaty, 31.

  Caldwell, Henry L., grandson of Israel Dodge, 14.

  Canada, Dodge proposes to invade, 8.

  Carleton, Sir Guy, Governor in Chief of Michigan Territory, 19;
    Mr. Jones reads letter from, 55.

  Carlisle (Pennsylvania), Israel Dodge marries Ann Hunter at, 14.

  Clark, Gen. George Rogers, of Virginia,
    captures Lieut.-Gov. Hamilton, 13;
    takes possession of the Western Illinois country, 17;
    letters to Congress considered by board, 19.

  Clark, Mr., Dodge's letter to Congress referred to, 19.

  Congress, Dodge visits, 7, 56;
    writes letter to, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13;
    reports adversely to suggestions in letter, 13;
    Dodge writes second letter to, 17, 18;
    Committee of, report on the John Dodge report, 19;
    Commissioners of, treat with Indians, 32;
    Dodge informs, of council with Indians at Sandusky, 32.

  Congressional Board, the,
    reports on letters of Colonel Clark and others relating to Hamilton,
          Dejean and Lamothe, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23;
    recommends punishment to be inflicted upon these prisoners, 23.

  Connecticut, birthplace of Dodge 15;
    Dodge leaves, 29.

  Continental talk, 32, 33.

  Dejean, Philip, prisoner of war, 13;
    Justice of the Peace for Detroit, 19;
    prisoner of war, 19;
    his cruel treatment of Dodge and other prisoners, 20, 21, 35, 36,
          37, 38, 39, 47, 48;
    captured by Colonel Clark of Virginia at Fort St. Vincent
          (Vincennes), 28;
    imprisons Dodge a second time, 45;
    informs Hamilton concerning Dodge, 48;
    seizes Dodge and companions near Sandusky, 51;
    examines Dodge's papers, 51.

  Detroit, John Dodge locates there, 6;
    refers in letter to its garrison, 9;
    Governor of, bribes savages, 9;
    proposes to take by force, 10;
    visits, 15.

  Dodge, Henry, son of Israel Dodge, 14;
    born October 12, 1872, 14;
    first Governor of Wisconsin Territory, 14.

  Dodge, Ann Hunter, wife of Israel Dodge, 14.

  Dodge, Israel, brother of John Dodge, 6;
    commissioned as lieutenant, 14.

  Dodge, John, birth, 6;
    parentage, 6;
    early life as a trader, 6;
    purchases land, 6;
    confined in jail, 7;
    appointed Indian Agent by Virginia, 14;
    lays claim to western lands, 14;
    patents issued to his heirs, 14;
    date of death, 14;
    place of burial, 14;
    holds commission as colonel, 14;
    places visited in his travels, 15;
    writes second letter to Congress, 16, 17;
    acts as interpreter for Captain Wood, 29;
    makes present to Indians, 32, 33;
    writes to Hamilton, 33;
    taken prisoner by Indians at instigation of Hamilton, 33;
    taken to Detroit, 33;
    condemned to death, 34, 35;
    his suffering and sickness in prison, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38;
    released from prison, 39;
    his property confiscated, 40;
    engages in mercantile business, 41;
    rescues prisoner, 43, 44;
    taken captive by Dejean, 45;
    called before Commandant Mountpresent, 46;
    ordered to prison, 46;
    released, 47;
    threatened by Hamilton, 50;
    goes to Sandusky, 51;
    seized by Dejean, 51;
    cast into goal, 52;
    his property confiscated second time, 52;
    brought before Mr. Printices, Provost Marshal at Quebec, 53;
    put on board prison ship _Mariah_, 53;
    visited by Mr. Murray, Commissary of Prisoners, 53;
    paroled, 54;
    encounter with Mr. Jones, 55;
    forced to give bonds, 55;
    leaves Quebec, 56;
    arrives at Boston, 56;
    sent by Gates to General Washington, 56;
    appears before Congress, 56.

  Dodge, John, Sr., father of John Dodge, 6.

  Dodge, Lydia Rogers, wife of John Dodge, 6.

  Dodge Narrative, time and place, 5;
    importance, 5;
    reprints, 5.

  Edgar, John;
    Dodge attempts to carry off slaves of, 15;
    old friend of Dodge, 15;
    arrested and confined at Detroit, 15, 16;
    witness for Dodge, 16.

  Fort Pitt, (Pittsburg), Dodge's visit to, 8;
    conference with Indians at, 16;
    speech of Shengenaba at, 16.

  Gates, General, Dodge visits at Boston, 56.

  Gibson, John, agent for Indian affairs, 32.

  Hamilton, Lieut. Gov. Henry,
    cruelties and irregularities of his rule in Detroit, 5;
    indicted for murder, 5;
    confined in irons, 6;
    sends Dodge as prisoner to Quebec, 7;
    bribes savages, 9;
    captured by Gen. George Rogers Clark, 13;
    released from prison and reinstated as lieutenant governor of
          Canada, 14;
    letters of Colonel Clark relating to, 19;
    incites Indians to perpetrate cruelties, 20;
    Committee's report as to his treatment of John Dodge, 20, 21;
    gives standing reward for scalps, 21, 32;
    capture by Colonel Clark at Fort St. Vincent (Vincennes), 28;
    dissuades Indians from assembling at Fort Pitt, 30, 31;
    Dodge writes letter to, 33;
    throws Dodge into prison at Detroit, 34;
    advises Dodge not to try to obtain redress, 40;
    orders Dodge to march with scouting party of savages, 41;
    threatens Dodge, 42, 50;
    succeeded by Captain Mountpresent, 42;
    returns to Detroit, 49;
    orders Dodge detained at Quebec, 54, 55.

  Harman papers, their reference to Dodge, 15.

  Henry, Moses;
    Henry Dodge, his namesake, 14;
    his bravery at Vincennes, 14, 15.

  Henry, Patrick, commissions Dodge as Colonel, 14.

  Heron, James, aids Dodge in inducing Indians to make treaty, 31.

  Illinois (Islianoy) Country, the,
    Dodge refers to it in letter to Congress, 17, 18;
    effect of its occupancy by troops under Col. Clark, 17, 18.

  Indians, bribed by Hamilton, 9;
    offered standing reward for scalps, 21;
    invited by Capt. James Wood to a treaty at Fort Pitt, 16, 29;
    dissuaded by Hamilton from assembling at Fort Pitt, 29, 30;
    persuaded by argument of Dodge and Heron, 31;
    make treaty with Commissioners of Congress, 32;
    their cruelty to prisoners, 42, 43, 44.

  Jones, John Rice, letter from, 15.

  Jones, Mr., in company with Dodge, 55.

  Kaskaskia, Dodge located there as Indian Agent, 14;
    visits, 15;
    writes letter from, 15.

  Kichoga, 9.

  Lafleur, Joseph Poupard, sells land to Dodge, 6.

  Lamothe, William (Le Mote), prisoner of war, 13, 19;
    Captain of Volunteers, 19;
    captain of volunteer scalping party of Indians and whites, 20;
    his capture by Col. Clark, of Virginia at Fort St. Vincent
          (Vincennes), 28;
    commands scouting Indians, 41, 42.

  Mackinac, 7.

  _Mariah_, prison ship, Dodge confined on, 53.

  McIntosh, General, marches from Beaver Creek, 9;
    Dodge censures in letter to Congress, 11.

  Michilimackinac, Dodge trades at, 41;
    arranges to send rescued prisoner there, 45.

  Missouri Historical Society, references to Dodge, 15.

  Montgomery, General, Dodge speaks in his defense, 55.

  Montour, John, letter to from Dodge, 8.

  Mountpresent, Capt., 42, 47, 50.

  Morgan, Col., his arrival at Pittsburg, 12;
    sends message to the Indian (Endian) Nations, 12.

  Murray, Mr., Commissary of Prisoners, visits Dodge, 53;
    informs Dodge that he is not to go with prisoners, 54.

  New Orleans, 15.

  New York, visited by Dodge, 15.

  Ohio District, John Dodge in, 6.

  Patridge, Mr., Dodge's letter to Congress referred to, 19.

  Philadelphia, visited by Dodge, 15.

  Piankeshaw Indians, 15.

  Pittsburg (Fort Pitt), Dodge visits, 15.

  Pontiac, his son Shegenaba speaks at Fort Pitt, 16, 17.

  Presque Isle (Preskeele), 9.

  Printice, Mr., Provost Marshal of Quebec, 53.

  Pue, Jacob, of Virginia, hired to attend fellow prisoner, 47.

  Quebec, John Dodge sent as prisoner to, 7, 53;
    escapes, 7;
    visited by Dodge, 15.

  Sandusky (Ohio), Dodge locates there as a trader, 6, 29;
    visits, 15;
    disturbed by Revolutionary War, 29;
    Savages hostile in, 32.

  Shawnee Indians, 16.

  Shegenaba, son of Pontiac, speech at Fort Pitt, 16, 17.

  Ste Genevieve (Mo.), Dodge buried at, 14;
    Dodge visits, 15.

  Sugar Creek (Shugar Criek), 9.

  Tanisee River, the,
    Hamilton appoints council of Indians to meet at the mouth of, 20.

  Tucker, William, has negotiations with John Dodge, 6.

  Vincennes (Ind.), George Rogers Clark at, 13;
    captured by Gov. Hamilton, 14;
    visited by Dodge, 16;
    Hamilton, Dejean, and Lamothe taken prisoners at, 28.

  Virginia, Council of,
    letters and narratives of Dodge read by members of, 13;
    recommends the punishment of Henry Hamilton, Philip Dejean and
          Wm. La Mothe, 13;
    expenses in connection with the Illinois country, 17.

  Washington, Gen. George, Dodge meets him, 7, 56.

  Williamsburg  (Va.),  Hamilton taken to by Clark, 13.

  Wolcot, Mr., Dodge's letter to Congress referred to, 19.

  Wood, James, appointed to command expedition against the Shawnee, 16;
    deputed to invite Western Indians to a treaty at Fort Pitt, 16, 29;
    his fatigues, difficulties and dangers, 16;
    his compensation, 16;
    meeting with the Indians, 16;
    calls at the house of Dodge, 29.

                          TRANSCRIBER'S NOTES

1. Passages in italics are surrounded by _underscores_.

2. Long "s" has been modernized.

3. Due to the poor printed quality of the original text, a lot of commas
look like periods. Obvious errors have been silently corrected.

4. Apart from the changes listed above, no other modifications have been
made for this e-text version.

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