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Title: The Casual Ward - academic and other oddments
Author: Godley, A. D. (Alfred Denis), 1856-1925
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Casual Ward - academic and other oddments" ***

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Transcribed from the 1912 Smith, Elder & Co. edition by David Price,
email ccx074@pglaf.org

                               CASUAL WARD

                            ACADEMIC AND OTHER

                                * * * * *

                               A. D. GODLEY

                                * * * * *

                            SMITH, ELDER & CO.
                            15 WATERLOO PLACE
                         [_All rights reserved_]

                                PRINTED BY
                            LONDON AND BECCLES

THE EIGHTS IN FICTION                                        6
   I.  OLD STYLE                                             6
   II.  NEW OR KODAK STYLE (From the French)                10
THUCYDIDES ON THE INFLUENZA                                 13
HERODOTUS ON HORSEBACK                                      17
TAC. HIST., BK. VI                                          21
THE JOURNALISTIC TOUCH                                      24
   I.  THE TRUE TALE OF TROY                                24
   II.  FORGOTTEN HISTORY                                   32
PHILOGEORGOS, OR CONCERNING BRIBERY                         38
THE TUTOR’S EXPEDIENT                                       49
THE END AND OBJECT—                                         64
THE DIFFICULTIES OF MR. BULL                                77
THE NATION IN ARMS                                          87
THE INCUBUS                                                 92
THE WORKING MAN                                             94
CONCERNING A MILLENNIUM                                     97
FORECAST                                                   100
PAGEANTS                                                   103
RULES FOR FICTION                                          105
ART AND LETTERS                                            107
THE NOVEL                                                  112
FRAGMENT OF A JARGONIAD                                    116
THE PUPILS’ POINT OF VIEW                                  119
EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY                                    125
UNIVERSITY COMMISSIONS                                     127
ICHABOD: A MONODY                                          133
THE PANACEA                                                137
THE HEROIC AGE                                             139
MAKERS OF HISTORY                                          142
ALMA MATER FILIO                                           145
IN MEMORIAM EXAMINATORIS CUIUSDAM                          148

Nearly all the flights in this book have been first taken in the
_Cornhill Magazine_, the _Oxford Magazine_, or the _Saturday Review_.
periodicals.  I am allowed also to reprint a set of verses published by
Messrs. Constable & Co.

                                                                  A. D. G.

_November_, 1912



[On a Proposal to place Bicycles within the precincts of the Bodleian

I.  Not concerning a thing of no moment, O Conscript Fathers, you are now
called upon to decide: whether to one man by the counsel and advice of
Curators it is to be permitted that he should take away from you the
power of placing in the Proscholium the instruments of celerity, the
assistances of (your) feet, the machines appointed by a certain natural
providence for the performance of your duties: whether, in which place
our ancestors sold pigs with the greatest consent and indeed applause of
the Roman people, from that (place) bicycles are to be ejected by one
guardian of books.  O singular impudence of the man!  For be unwilling,
Conscript Fathers, be unwilling to believe that in this pretence of
consulting for (the interests of) a public building something more is not
also being aimed at and sought to be obtained: in such a way (_lit._ so)
he attacks bicycles that in reality he endeavours to oppress the liberty
of each one of you: that by this example and as it were by the thin end
of a certain wedge he may lay the foundation of a royal power over all
these things, which I (as) consul preserved.  Concerning which matter I
could say much, if time allowed me: now behold and examine the miserable
condition of those whom a man devoid of constancy and gravity overturns
from (their) fortunes.

II.  What! shall the Masters of Arts, what! shall the Doctors, what!
shall the Proctors themselves (than which kind of men nothing can exist
more holy, nothing more upright, nothing more auspiciously established)
be compelled to come on foot that they may consult those most sacred
volumes in which the Roman people have wished that all learning should be
included?  The Hypobibliothecarii, what men! what citizens! will, I
believe, walk, especially considering that it is to be contended by them
against the lengthiness of a journey: and then, if, as (usually) happens,
some sudden tempest should arise, they must suffer (their) bicycles
lacking shelter to be most miserably corrupted by rain.  It has been
handed down to memory, Conscript Fathers, that Caius Duilius was
permitted by the republic, which he had saved by (his) incredible
fortitude, to be borne by an elephant whenever he had been invited to a
dinner.  Therefore, did he use a most luxurious quadruped that he might
by so much the more quickly arrive at a banquet: shall we, who desire to
hasten not for the sake of lust and the belly, but for the sake of this
learning and books, be forbidden to employ bicycles?  I pray and entreat
you, Conscript Fathers, do not allow this disgrace to be branded upon the
heart itself and entrails of the commonwealth.

III.  But for(sooth) the College of All Souls (which I name; for the sake
of honour) is near, in which machines may be sheltered.  O thing before
unheard (of)!  From which place even undergraduates have been excluded by
a certain divine will: into that shall bicycles be thrown?  O times, O
manners!  It is not fitting, Conscript Fathers, that the studies of most
learned men, Fellows, should be interrupted in this way.  Moreover, they
also have a library, that to them also it may be possible to say that
wheels should be kept afar off: they have keys, bolts, bars, a gate, a
porter: they will exclude, reject, expectorate them.  Which act I blame
in such a way that I confess and acknowledge that it will be done with
the greatest legality.

IV.  If the Founder of the Library, if Sir Thomas Bodley himself, I say,
should stand forth from the Elysian fields, it is not necessary that I
should remind you with what ancient severity he would inveigh against
this new power, against the Bibliothecarius, nay rather, against the
Curators themselves: for you can calculate (it) in (your) minds.  He
would say to them, “Did I give you authority over books, that you should
use it against bicycles? did I place you in an upper part of a most
convenient building, that you should also rule the lower? did I endow you
with huge wealth and an enormousness of stipend, that you should
therefore the more exercise a kingly dominion over the common utility,
and the necks, heads, lives, fortunes of the poorer citizens?”  To which
interrogation and most stern reproach I do not think they, although they
are of a remarkable audacity, could answer anything: for neither is there
(anything) that can be replied.

V.  Although I wish to say more things, I am deterred by the will of the
editor of that most known Magazine (than which paper I do not think that
anything is more conjoined with the safety of the republic): nor am I not
also prevented by tears and weeping itself.  Conscript Fathers, if there
is anything in you of constancy, if of gravity, if of fortitude, if of
humanity (which that there is I most certainly know), fortify this common
citadel of the good: open the Pig Market, closed by the intolerable
influence of bad men: be unwilling, be unwilling that the seat of the
Muses, the School of Divinity, the most delightful meeting-places of
Boards of Faculties, should be stained by royal power and polluted by
cruelty.  Which that it will certainly happen if you do not prevent it by
your votes, I most confidently predict and vaticinate.



“There’s nothing that emphasizes the _amari aliquid_ of life like one’s
tobacconist,” mused Fane Trevyllyan as he flung a box of eighteenpenny
Emeticos into the fire and lit a Latakia cigarette.

It was a lovely August morning in the Eights of 18--; and the stroke of
the Charsley Hall boat reclined wearily in his luxuriously furnished
apartments within that venerable College and watched the midday sun
gilding the pinnacles of the Martyr’s Memorial.  It had been a fast and
furious night, and Trevyllyan had lost more I.O.U.s than even he cared to
remember: and now he was very weary of it all.  Had it not been for one
thing, he would have thrown it all up—sent dons, deans, duns, and dice to
the devil, and gone down by the afternoon train: as it was, there was
nothing for it but to recline on his tiger-skins and smoke countless
cigars.  He never would train.

“Going to row to-day, Fane?”  It was little Bagley Wood, the cox.
Trevyllyan sanctioned his presence as if he had been a cat or a lapdog:
to all others he was stern and unapproachable—a true representative of
his Order.

“Don’t know, _caro mio_,” was the reply.  “It’s such a bore, you know:
and then I half think I promised to take La Montmorenci of the Frivolity
up the Cherwell to Trumpington in the University Barge.”

“What! when the Lady Gwendolen de St. Emilion has come down on purpose to
see us catch Christ Church! why, _sapristi_, where can your eyes be?”
The stroke hissed something between his clenched teeth, and Bagley Wood
found himself flying through an unopened window.

“_Cherchez la femme_! it’s always the way with the Trevyllyans,” muttered
the lad, as he picked himself up from the grass plot in the quadrangle
and strolled off to quiet his nerves with a glass of _aguardiente_ at the

                                * * * * *

An August moon shone brightly on the last night of the great aquatic
contest: the starter had fired his pistol, and all the boats but one were

“Hadn’t you better think about starting, Trevyllyan?” asked the coach of
the Charsley Hall Eight, a trifle pale and anxious.  “See, they are all
under way.  Glanville Ferrers, the Christ Church stroke, swears you
shan’t bump him as you did last week.  He must be past the Soapworks by
this time.”

“_Caramba_! then I suppose we ought to get in,” replied the other; and as
he spoke he divested himself of the academical garb that scarcely
concealed his sky-blue tights, and stood, a model of manly beauty, on the
banks of the rushing river.  Then, throwing away a half-finished cigar,
Trevyllyan strode into the boat.  _Per Bacco_! ’twas a magnificent sight.
As the crack Eight of the river sped swiftly after her rival, cheers
arose from the bank, and odds on both boats were freely taken and offered
by the _cognoscenti_.

You and I, _amigo mio_! have seen many a race in our day.  We have seen
the ’Varsity crews flash neck and neck past Lillie Bridge: we have held
our breath while Orme ran a dead heat with Eclipse for the Grand
National: we have read how the victor of the _pancratium_ panted to the
_meta_ amid the Io Triumphes of Attica’s vine-clad Acropolis.  But we did
not see the great Christ Church and Charsley’s race—that great contest
which is still the talk of many a learned lecture-room.  They say the
pace was tremendous.  Four men fainted in the Christ Church boat, and
Trevyllyan’s crew repeatedly entreated him to stop.  But he held on,
inexorable as the Erinnyes.

Fair as Pallas Anadyomene—fair as the Venus whom Milo fashioned _pour se
désennuyer_ in his exile at Marseilles—the Lady Gwendolen de St. Emilion
sat throned on the University Barge, and watched the heroes as their bare
arms flashed in the moonlight.  And now they were through the Gut, and
the nose of the Charsley’s boat pressed hard on its rival: yet Fane
Trevyllyan did not make his final effort.  Would he spare Glanville
Ferrers?  _Quien sabe_?  They had been friends—once.  But the die was
cast.  As the boats sped past her the Lady Gwendolen stooped from her
pride of place and threw a rose—just one—into the painted poop of the
Christ Church wherry.  That was all: but it was enough.  Trevyllyan saw
the action where he sat: one final, magnificent, unswerving stroke—those
who saw it thought it would never end!—and with a muttered “Habet!” he
sent the brazen beak of his Eight crashing in among the shattered oars of
his helpless competitor.

_Galeotto fu il libro_, _e chi lo scrisse_.

(From the French)

   If they are frivolous, these Universities!
   At present great sensation in Oxford: this town, so gloomy, so sad
   ordinarily, is to-day _en fête_.
   Is it that one elects a new _Vice-Chancellor_?
   It is the contest aquatic of the Colleges which goes to take place.
   One discusses in the _salons_ the most _chic_ how many kilogrammes
   they weigh, these heroes of the oar.
   Everywhere Professors in straw hats and Heads of Colleges _en
   What a spectacle!
   . . . . .
   On the barges. . . .
   Grouped on these venerable hulks, crowds of ladies excite our
   admiration by their beauty and our respect by their intelligence.
   Whence do they come, these damsels, so young, so charming?
   It is that they have arrived from the metropolis at the request of
   their brothers, their cousins—what do I know of it? perhaps their
   _prétendants_—of whom they wish to enhance with their applause the
   athletic triumph.
   . . . . .
   After all, they are adorable, these English misses!
   . . . . .
   On the bank. . . .
   One hears the portentous echo of the _Five-Minutes-Gun_.
   Moment tremendous!
   They have started: one sees already the _strokesman_ of the
   One would say a whole University that runs on the _towing-path_, and
   that utters loud cries.
   Here and there _coachmen_ are seen carrying pistols and pronouncing
   terrible execrations.
   Why these pistols? . . .
   A little brutal, these English: but of a force, a virility!
   . . . . .
   I myself who speak to you am infected by this enthusiasm.
   I run: I utter cries: I _raffole_ of the _leading-boat_: I shout En
   avant!  Vive la Madeleine!  Vive le Cercle Nautique!  Hourra! . . .
   But one does not do these things at forty years.
   I am out of breath, what?  I wish to stop.
   Arrest yourselves, my friends too impetuous!
   I appeal to you in the name of France, who respects you: do not
   annihilate me, do not pulverize me. . . . .
   Vain appeal!  One would say the car of Juggernaut.
   I am knocked down: I am _criblé_ with kicks: I am massacred.
   . . . . .
   Ah! . . .


Thucydides, an Athenian, wrote the history of the epidemic among the
Oxonians, how they had the epidemic, having begun to write as soon as it
broke out on No. 2 Staircase, and considering it to be the most
noticeable of all that had appeared previously.  (For the place was not
liable to diseases at other times, but especially free from them, except
that which affected the teeth: on account of which they used to go up to
the metropolis, in word to consult the Delphic oracle but in deed to go
to Olympia, so that not a few were banished from the city both for other
reasons and not least this.)  As to the causes of it, then, let any one
speak who is aware of them: but I will show what things happened on
account of it, having both myself put on an æger and seen others
similarly afflicted, so that I can describe it with equal certainty more
than the narrative of another not having done so, but relying on the
incredibility of historians more than the sureness of experience.

For in the first beginning of the sickness men remembered what Homer says
about the lower and higher animals in the Trojan business—

    First did he assail the mules and fleet dogs, but afterward, aiming
    at the men his piercing dart, he smote,

seeing that now too not less but equally as much first, the College
Tutors were attacked, and next the scouts, and last of all the men
themselves.  But most of all the scouts were affected, and this caused
the greatest calamity: so that a man must often wish that his scout might
recover, wishing indeed contrary to nature, but being persuaded by the
greatness of the surrounding misfortune, lest he should suffer even worse
things at the hands of a scout’s boy, or considering it terrible if he
shall lose even the daily enjoyment of his breakfast not being brought to
him.  And all laws concerning meals were brought into a state of
confusion, so that many anticipated taking the commons of another.  And
they welcomed the hospitality of those outside the walls, regarding their
hunger in the present as much more important than another man’s inability
to pay his debts in the future.

But when the men themselves began to suffer, then indeed the disease was
the commencement of lawlessness to a greater extent for the city.  For
cuttings of chapels and avoidings of lectures, which are an agony for the
present more than a possession for ever, and in short all such things as
the indulgence of was formerly more disguised, these a man easily dared
to do, it being uncertain on the one hand whether his tutor has the
influenza, and on the other if he himself might not put on an æger before
being hauled he should pay the penalty.  And though some, indeed, did
things exactly contrary to this, and being before unaccustomed now went
in the morning with a run to chapel in order that fewer being present the
paradoxicalness of their appearance when compared with the multitude of
those who were absent might gain them a prestige of virtue not real but
simulated—yet with most there was now neither fear of the Dean by land
nor by sea of their coaches: disobeying whom they ate and drank all kinds
of things contrary to law, no one being willing to exert himself for that
which seemed to be honourable, and calculating that the present
abstention from pastry was not equivalent to the possibility of being
bumped in the future about as much and not less than if he had smoked
three pipes and a cheroot.  And not only was injustice prevalent among
those who were as yet in good health, but many of those in the ships,
being or seeming to themselves to be sick, had their places taken by
others accustomed rather to fight upon the land, whose manly
inexperience, though in word more creditable than the cowardice combined
with experience of the others, was in reality less powerful than the
language which those on the bank thought worthy to use concerning them.

Nevertheless, about this time the Oxonians sent an expedition against
Cambridge, having manned a slow train to Bletchley, Nicolaidas being
commander second himself; and they advanced as far as Third Trinity, and
having ravaged part of the land and set up a trophy, they returned home.


At this time the Chancellor being among the Oxonii there was instituted a
contest of horses such as this nation is accustomed to celebrate every
spring.  And this contest is of such a kind, not being well arranged
according at least to my opinion:—Having dug trenches and built other
ramparts parallel indeed to each other but transversely to the running of
the horses themselves, they do not any longer stand round them invoking
the gods as those do who play golf, but on the contrary, when they have
placed men upon horses they cause them to cross these by leaping under
the lash, as far as the goal: and whoever anticipates the others arriving
at the goal, sitting at least on the same horse on which sitting he set
out, and not it running, having left him behind, nor he himself on foot,
he is considered to have conquered.  The reason why I said that this
contest is not well arranged, is of the following kind: because it being
possible to contend in a level place without danger or difficulty, the
Oxonii nevertheless themselves make obstacles so as to prevent the horses
from (not) arriving at the end of the course, neither being compelled nor
there being any necessity (οὐδεμίης ἀναγκαίης ἐούσης).  Then, however,
they did these things, and also, as they are accustomed to do on such
occasions, they sent messengers to inquire of other prophets and also of
the Delphic oracle who should be the conqueror.  The Pythian priestess,
being mindful how she had formerly made a good shot in respect of the
Median business, replied in the hexameter rhythm that the issues of
victory lay around a wooden wall.  Now having this as a proof I will
neither refuse to believe in oracles myself nor allow others to
disbelieve them.  For when the race had begun and the horses had been
sent away by the sound of a trumpet, other men were taking part in the
contest, and also Pheron the son of Trapezites a Corinthian: this is not
the Pheron who, his father having founded a city, was himself expelled
from it by the few, who were called Hetairi, because he had allied
himself with the democracy forsooth (δηθεν).  And there are other things
written about this Pheron in the history composed by Proctor, who was
tyrant of Oxonia second himself for one year, and in fact caused Pheron
to fall out by reason of sedition.  What I have said just now is a
digression and refers to other matters, and I will now come back to my
former story.  So then the men, having in the first part of the contest
done things worthy of themselves, and having for the most part, although
not all, yet the majority, avoided the (not) falling into ditches and the
like incurably at least, came presently to the wooden fence, which I
conjecture to be the wall meant by the Delphic oracle.  It being then
necessary either remaining on the hither side to be driven away from all
hope of the prize or leaping to run risks concerning their lives, and the
rest having leapt in such a way that they crossed the fence sitting
rather upon the ground than upon their horses, and some neither with them
nor upon them, as the Lacedæmonians say about their shields: this Pheron,
of whom I have before made mention, showed himself to be prudent in other
things and also in this.  He, having a horse much the most active of all
the rest, was not left behind by it, but sat there holding on firmly
until he had arrived at the farther side; and from thence, the race being
easy for him, he came to the goal very much the first, having
anticipated.  In this way he obtained the prize.  I have learnt the names
of all the other competitors: but I do not think it proper to relate
them, not now at least.

When the spectators had seen these things (and there was also a contest
for the natives of the country, in which not a few were roughly handled)
they returned in chariots to the city, driving not straight like the
Greeks, but obliquely, as is customary.  This story some relate, relating
things credible to me at least; there being two Oxonii in one chariot,
and no one else, one of them entreated the other after they had gone some
way without misfortune that he also might be allowed to hold the reins of
the horses: to whom the other replied “But—for do you not already hold
them?”  These men then having left such a memorial of themselves did
nevertheless arrive safely at the city.


1.  Nunc initia causasque motus Mauretanici expediam.  Mauretaniam post
decessum Tedimurii cuicumque servitio expositam avaritia et mala cupidine
fines augendi contemptis populi studiis occupaverant Brigantes, barbara
gens.  mox rectorem imposuere e sacerdotibus Peripateticorum instituta
professum.  non tulere Mauri intempestivam sapientiam.  namque ut
divitias ita librorum scientiam contemptui habent: et est plerisque
indocta canities.

2.  Pollebat inter Mauros Rursus quidam Aratus multa scholarum patientia.
is collectis in aulam Edmundi popularibus ad seniores hunc in modum
locutus fertur: “si apud rerum humanarum inscios verba facerem plura
cohortandi causa dicenda erant.  nunc autem sunt in oculis quibus alios
iniuriis validiorum potentia laeserit.  quid memorem Scotos Stubbinsiorum
dominatu potitos?  quid Tabernarios Balliolensibus traditos, mox ab
iisdem suum lucrum ex aliena benevolentia comparantibus invitos venditos
atque mancipatos?  Scimmerios cum maxime Rhodesii subiectos habent,
puerili rei nummariae imperitia generis humani regimen expostulantes.
quanta profanarum litterarum scientia pacatissima loca polluerint, non
est opus dictu apud gnaros.  quid meliora ab iis expectatis qui Hiberniam
nuper [praemii nomen] occupaverunt?  eandem nobis Brigantes necessitatem
imponent, gradum capessendi. et baccalaureos videbimus.”  tum ad iuvenes
conversus “eone ventum esset” interrogat “ut antiquissima aulae iura
corrumpi sinerent?  Reginensium specioso vocabulo nuncupatos pessimam
servitutem passuros: praelectiones et deorum templa prope noctu insolitis
adeunda: et praecipua foeditate Brigantium arcana.  mox et specimen
partium Magrathium remigare coacturum, eo immitius quia toleravisset.
num et sanctissimam Edmundi effigiem nuper a cive in somnis visam inter
quaggas et aprorum capita et eiusmodi ludicra fore ostentui?  proinde
simplex et pastoricius et aratro adsuetus populus priscam et traditam a
patribus tranquillitatem coleret et tueretur.”

3.  His et talibus accensos ducit in viam, Brigantium fines et principes
ipsos gentis rutilo pigmento maculaturos, ni liberentur.  egressis
claudit portas Reginensis sacerdos, metu an conscientia dubium: nec non
Brigantes quamquam civili bello distracti struxere vallum et loricam
hostem arcendi.  igitur utrinque exclusi palantur in viis Mauri:
procurtoribus grata ea species nomina et collegii genus per ludibrium
percunctantibus.  mox ab Omnianimensibus propter mediocritatem doctrinae
consimilibus hospitio accipiuntur: et inter socios conscribi concessum.
ibi per speciem cruditatis interfecti.  aula in formam provinciae
redacta.  nec enim magis iustis indiciis unquam adprobatum est, non esse
curae Vice-Cancellario securitatem bonorum, esse exstinctionem.


(It is perhaps not generally known that the _Daily Hieroglyphic_, one of
the leading morning papyri of Egypt under the --th Dynasty, despatched a
special correspondent to Greece at the time of the Trojan War.  Some
fragments of his communications have been discovered by the energy of
modern tomb-robbers, and the courtesy of the British Museum has enabled
us to publish these _disjecta membra_, which may perhaps be of interest
to the public at the present juncture.)

The only social _événement_ (writes the correspondent under date Jan. 10,
1100 B.C., or thereabouts) which I have to chronicle is a reported
domestic _esclandre_ in the family of Menelaus, the genial and popular
Prince of Sparta.  In consequence of this the Princess Helena, it is
alleged, has gone to Paris.

                                                      Mycenae, January 12.

It appears from the _Court Circular_ that Her Royal Highness has been
advised by her physicians to reside for some time in Asia Minor.  At the
same time I cannot conceal the fact that the Corinthian society paper,
_Alethea_, mentions the name of a Trojan prince in connexion with this
story.  I am naturally unwilling to make myself the mouthpiece of

                                                               February 1.

The fact can no longer be disguised that grave international
complications are likely to arise between Troy and Mycenae.  It is stated
on the highest authority that the Argive ambassador has been recalled
from the former capital, the alleged reason being promotion to a still
higher diplomatic post: there seems, however, to be no reasonable doubt
that the practical rupture of relations between the Empires of the West
and East is not remotely connected with the eternal maxim, “Cherchez la
femme.”  Much sympathy is expressed with H.R.H. Prince Menelaus.

                                                              February 20.

Everything points to war.  Orders for a substantial increase of the Navy
have been placed in the hands of Messrs. Odysseus & Co., the celebrated
firm of shipbuilders.  Heroes are earnestly called for.

The Argive Chamber was, last Wednesday, the scene of an animated debate.
M. Diomedes, War Minister, demanded a vote which would enable him to
enrol three more phalanxes.  He was bitterly opposed by M. Thersites,
Leader of the Extreme Left, who demanded to know why the Achaean nation
was to be plunged recklessly into war for the settlement of matters
properly pertaining to the province of a Divorce Court.  Fortunately for
the success of M. Diomedes’ proposal, the closure was put in operation.


M. Thersites’ funeral is announced for to-morrow (about the time of
loosing oxen).

                                                              February 25.

I cannot better describe the existing political situation than by quoting
the opinion of leading newspapers in Achaea and elsewhere.

All the official journals are consistently warlike in tone.  They declare
that nothing will satisfy Achaean aspirations but the annexation of
Helen.  The Athenian _Asty_ declares that should King Agamemnon employ
the opened floodgates of popular enthusiasm as a stepping-stone to lop
off another limb from the decaying trunk of the (so-called) Trojan
Empire, he will have achieved a permanent blessing to civilization.

On the other hand, the _Olympian Times_ comments severely on the
precipitate action of Agamemnon, and animadverts on the rash proceedings
which have led to a rupture that might have been averted by diplomacy.
As the _Times_ is understood to be the mouthpiece of the Powers, such an
utterance may well give rise to the gravest apprehensions.

The _Oracle_—a Phocian organ of pronounced clerical tendencies—preserves
an ambiguous tone.

Everything indicates a warlike attitude on the part of the _entourage_ of
King Priam.  Hector Pasha has been appointed War Minister.  The
_Prehistoric Post_ speaks of the enlistment of two new regiments of
Hittite Bashi-Bazouks in the interior of Asia Minor.  The _Cassandra_,
however, a journal little read although supposed by some to be inspired,
has constituted itself the organ of the peace party, and confidently
predicts the destruction of Troy.

The _Ephemerios Chronographos_ has received the following telegram from
the veteran statesman Nestor: “Profound sympathy Achaean aspirations.
Bag and baggage only possible policy.  Postcard follows.—Nestor,
Hawarden, Pylos.”

                                                                  March 1.

His Majesty and the Greek Fleet sailed to-day from Epidaurus, amid scenes
of great enthusiasm.  Her Majesty the Queen and His Excellency Count
Aegisthus were both visibly affected.  Mycenae is daily paraded by crowds
shouting, “To Ilion!”

                                                                  March 8.

The Fleet is at Aulis, waiting until the process of raising the wind
shall have been concluded.  Meantime, the services of the notorious
Klepht Achilles have been engaged.  This popular enlistment creates great

The report recently prevalent as to human sacrifices is contradicted this
morning by an official _démenti_.

H.R.H. the Princess Iphigeneia has joined a Russian religious house.

Trojan bonds are quoted to-day at 53.8 (a fall of 0.2).


The attitude of the Olympian Powers causes considerable anxiety.

                                                        Tenedos, March 15.

Telegrams per Beacon will have informed you that the Powers have issued a
Collective Note to the Greek expeditionary force, forbidding the landing
of heroes and others.  Notwithstanding this, there seems to be no doubt
that several demi-gods under Achilles have landed, and are endeavouring
to effect administrative reforms.  Achaean newspapers of all shades
condemn the recent action of Poseidon in attempting to raise a storm.
Hector Pasha is committing atrocities.

                                                                 March 17.

In spite of the known discrepancy between the views of the Powers, they
have issued a Collective Note urging upon His Majesty King Agamemnon the
necessity of prompt withdrawal.  In view of his possible refusal, it is
understood that thunderbolts are in preparation, and Ares has been
mobilized.  This action is severely commented upon by the Achaean Press
in general.  The _Phaeacian Daily Chronicle_ goes so far as to threaten a
mass meeting in Trafalgar Square.  Meanwhile, Hector Pasha is committing

                                                                 March 18.

The Powers have issued Collective Notes to the contending parties.  It is
understood that nothing short of a _Deus ex machina_ can avert a formal
rupture of relations between the Courts of Troy and Mycenae, as acts
which are liable to the interpretation of belligerency are daily

The ambiguous attitude of Zeus tends to complicate the situation.  His
Majesty the King narrowly missed being hit by a thunderbolt this morning.

                                                                 March 20.

I am authorized to state that the intervention of a _Deus ex machina_ has
brought about the arrangement of a _modus vivendi_.  The Achaean
expeditionary force is to withdraw, and Helen is to be autonomous.
Menelaus, however, is to be free to enforce administrative reforms.

                                                                 March 21.

Peace with Honour has been proclaimed.  It is possible, however, that
some embarrassment may still arise from the action of King Priam in
assessing the material, moral, and intellectual damage inflicted on
himself and his allies at 152,833 tripods, 18 women, and an ox.  This sum
will certainly be disputed.

It is asserted as probable that the Poet Laureate,—Homer, will be invited
to compose an epic poem commemorating the events of the raid.  An edition
of 20,000 copies will be issued, including 50 on India paper, with
corruptions and emendations by eminent scholars.


The Roman correspondent of the _Stella Lugdunensis_ writes to his paper
under date A.V.C. 817:—

All the Press is naturally full of the recent debate in the Senate on the
alleged unconstitutional indiscretions of our Imperial Master.  (H.I.M.,
I should add, is at present on a lecturing tour in the Peloponnesus;
statements in the _Custos Burdigalensis_ to the effect that He is giving
a series of violin recitals are wholly without foundation.)  The
impression produced is on the whole one of unanimous condemnation of His
Majesty’s recent action.  How—it is argued even by the Right—can it tend
to the stability of Roman foreign policy that in the regrettable military
operations between the Suebi and the Chatti the Emperor should have
directed General Count Corbulo to prepare an invincible plan of campaign
for each of the belligerents?  The Extreme Left, as represented by
Messrs. Barea and T. Peters (? Paetus), goes much farther, and does not
hesitate to criticize the autocratic dilettantism which professes to lay
down the law on artistic matters which it does not in the least
understand.  It is time (said one speaker) that our so-called Emperor
should cease to be persuaded by the plaudits of a decadent and servile
entourage into imagining Himself a Second Sarasatius.  Absolutism is
generally condemned.

Messrs. Nerva and Nymphidius and other prominent Imperialists have, of
course, defended their master; but their apologies, it is felt, were
somewhat perfunctory and half-hearted.  In allusion to the lamented
demise of the Dowager Empress, it was pointed out that pity and loyalty
alike should forbid trampling on a Ruler bowed down by repeated domestic
bereavements; and attempts were made to enlist sympathy for the Imperial
Orphan.  These, however, have not been uniformly crowned with success.

Tension undoubtedly exists.  I cannot (to speak plainly) conceal from
myself the fact that in a given contingency, the nature of which it is
unnecessary and, perhaps, undesirable to specify further, circumstances
at present unforeseen might conceivably pave the way for developments of
which it might be impossible to predict the eventual termination.

                                * * * * *

“Ought Nero to Abdicate?” is the subject of a “symposium” in the current
_Primum Saeculum et Post_.  The signatures L and S are commonly
associated with the talented author whose _Pharsalia_ has long been
recognized as the most charming of Saturnalian gift-books, and the Rev.
L. A. Seneca, formerly private tutor in His Majesty’s household.  Should
H.I.M. decide to abdicate, it is anticipated that He will edit our
Boeotian contemporary the _Oracle_, which is sadly in need of new blood.
Nero will give it that.  The meetings held at the Palazzo Pisone were
strictly private.

                                * * * * *

The Suebian Press continues to hint at fresh indiscretions.  There is no
doubt that a state of tension exists, which can only be alleviated by the
restoration of reciprocal confidence between H.I.M. and the Roman people.
The result of the approaching conference between the Emperor and Prince
Tigellinus is eagerly discussed.


H.M.’s interview with the Chancellor at Brundisium is stated to have been
productive of entirely satisfactory results.  It is said that Nero now
thoroughly understands the situation, and is resolved to remodel His
conduct accordingly.  Tension is greatly alleviated.

                                * * * * *

I cannot more graphically summarize the present improved situation than
by quoting the headlines in the _Acta Diurna_.

                       GREAT REVIEW OF PRAETORIANS
                        OUTSIDE THE SENATE HOUSE.
                        RESTORED RELATIONS BETWEEN
                      CONSCRIPT FATHERS AND EMPEROR.
                        HIS MAJESTY IN THE SENATE.
                        AVE CAESAR OPTIME MAXIME.
                            GREAT ENTHUSIASM.
                       IMPROVED FINANCIAL POSITION.
                      NEW ISSUE OF CONSULS EXPECTED.

All this tends to indicate that the period of mutual suspicion and
distrust is practically at an end.  Nothing shows it more clearly than
the happy renewal of social relations between the Emperor and the leading
members of the Senate.  As a guarantee of good feeling, several of our
legislators have consented, at His Majesty’s earnest request, to assist
Him in the forthcoming Pageant of Empire to be held in the Circus
Maximus.  Their collaboration is indeed indispensable, large consignments
of empty lions being reported to have arrived at Ostia.  The hearty
sympathy between our Ruler and His people is still further attested by
the fact that several Senators who were but lately among the foremost
critics of Absolutism are now taking a personal and prominent share in
the scheme of street illuminations recently suggested to the Emperor by
His Chancellor.  Members of the Stoic Democratic Federation have been
invited to meet H.I.M. at dinner at the Café Locusta.

                                * * * * *

The Café Locusta dinner has been a great success.  It is not expected
that the Stoic Democratic Federation will express any further opinion
hostile to the Imperial policy.

M. Nymphidius has been commissioned to form a Ministry.

Not the least noteworthy among social _événements_ is the departure of
Piso (whose tendency to form cabals has for some time been a sore subject
in Imperialistic circles) for his estates in Thule, N.B.  He has left,
according to one account, by the Hook (_unco_).

                                * * * * *

I quote from the Court Journal:—

    “The Emperor Nero reigns in the hearts of His People.  Persons
    asserting the contrary will be decapitated.”


Going down the other day to the Kerameikos, I met my friend Philogeorgos,
who is at present one of those who desire to hold office in the city.
And I said to him—

“Philogeorgos, you look sad; is it because you fear lest you should not
be elected Archon?”

“No, Socrates,” he replied.  “It is not that which saddens me; it is the
baseness of those who try to prevent the people from choosing me.”

“In what way do they act basely?” I asked.

“There is a certain wine-seller,” he said, “who is offering what the
Hyperboreans call Free Drinks (that is, you know, draughts of wine
without payment) to all those who will vote for Misogeorgos, but not for

“That is very unkind of the wine-seller.  But why do you say that the
transaction is base?”

“Why, of course it is base.  How can it be anything else?”

“When we predicate baseness of a transaction,” I said, “we must also
predicate baseness of those who are concerned in it, or at least of one
of them.  Now, Philogeorgos, let me ask you a question; for you are
accustomed by this time to answer questions.  When you wish for a pair of
shoes or a flute, how do you obtain one?”

“How else,” he said, “except by buying it from a shoemaker or a maker of

“How else, indeed?” I replied.  “So, then, the tradesman gives you
something which he possesses; and you give the tradesman in return
something which you possess.  And this exchange is advantageous to both
of you, and honourable; is it not?”

“I suppose so.”

“And neither of you becomes base?”


“Then it is not a base transaction?”


“Now consider in this way; Does a vote belong to the man who possesses a

“Yes, Socrates; but I am afraid that you are going to quibble, as usual.”

“It is only by dialectic,” I replied, “that we can arrive at the truth.
And the wine belongs, I suppose, to the wine-seller?”

“It would seem so, at least.”

“Then when the wine-seller gets the voter’s vote in exchange for his own
wine, they simply give each other what each possesses; and such a
transaction, as you have said, is advantageous to both parties, and
honourable, and not base at all.”

“I said,” he replied, rather angrily, “that you were going to quibble.
Of course, the case is quite different.  A vote is a sacred thing; and it
ought not to be exchanged for the satisfaction of mere bodily desires,
such as the desire for drink.”

“Nor for any other material comfort?” I asked.

“Certainly not,” he replied.

“Nobly spoken, indeed!” I said.  “But I confess, all the same, that you
rather surprise me; for only this morning I heard the herald proclaiming
in your name that all the citizens would have Free Food if they voted for
Philogeorgos.  And I remember how some years ago either Phaidrolithos or
one of those around him used to promise at elections that everyone should
have three acres of land and a cow, on condition that the city kept him
and his party in power.  You do not mean to tell me that what
Phaidrolithos or his friends did was base?”

“No, indeed,” he replied.  “But surely, Socrates, even you must see that
this is a different matter altogether.”

“How different?  You say that votes must not be exchanged for material
comforts; yet Free Food is a material comfort; and so are three acres,
because they produce food; and so, I presume, is a cow.  And these things
were offered to the voter in exchange for his vote, just as the
wine-seller now is offering draughts of wine.”

“No, Socrates, it is not the same thing at all.  When I talk of Free
Food, and when men like Phaidrolithos talk of land and cows, we do not
give these things immediately in exchange for votes.  We could not; they
are not ours to give; we have not got them.”

“That is very true,” I said.  “For I remember when Phaidrolithos and his
party were put in power many people used to come to those in authority
and demand that they should now receive three acres of land each and a
cow; and when they did not receive these things they were indignant, as
having been deceived.  And I daresay that when you are in power men will
come expecting to receive Free Food, and will not get it.  But, as far as
I can understand your argument, it is honourable to promise in return for
a vote that which you cannot give; but when one promises that which he
_can_ give, as the wine-seller does, that is base, and that makes you
sad.  Is it not so?  And the reason seems to be that when the wine-seller
offers Free Drinks for a vote, then the vote is sold; but when you offer
Free Food for a vote, then it is not the vote which is sold, but only the

“Socrates,” said Philogeorgos, “you are a philosopher; and no philosopher
ever understood politics.  But I am busy, and have really no more time to
waste upon you and your dialectics.”

“Farewell, then, Philogeorgos,” I said; “but please do not be angry with
me for being so stupid.  And if I were you,” I continued, “I do not think
I would be angry with the wine-seller either; for perhaps the draughts of
wine will make the citizens drunk, especially when they need not be paid
for; and when a citizen is drunk he will run the risk of voting for you
rather than for Misogeorgos.  Do you not think so?”

But Philogeorgos was already out of hearing.


“Is not this a dreadful thing, Socrates, that Balphurios has been lately
doing about what he calls a Referendum?”

“What thing?” I said.  “I have heard indeed lately that he has said
this—that if he and his friends should be elected to sit in the Ecclesia,
he will not propose a law taxing Megarian imports without first
consulting the citizens; and he has invited Askoïthios to do the same
thing, and not to give autonomy to the Samians without first consulting
the citizens.  Is that the dreadful thing?”

“So dreadful, Socrates, that even now I can scarcely believe it: for it
aims at the destruction of the democracy.  But I can tell him that
Askoïthios will certainly not do what he is invited to do.”

“Why will he not do it?” I asked.

“Because Askoïthios knows very well already that all the citizens are in
favour of giving autonomy to the Samians.”

“Well, Phileleutheros,” I said, “in that case he will do no harm by
having consulted them.  And does Balphurios also know what the citizens
think about taxing Megarian imports?”

“Certainly: he knows that all men (except himself and his friends) abhor
such a plan.”

“Then,” I said, “no harm will be done there either; for the citizens,
being consulted, will say what they wish.”

“But, Socrates, it is always harmful that the citizens should be
consulted.  And that is why Askoïthios will not consult them.”

“Why, Phileleutheros,” I said, “are you not a democrat?”

“Of course I am.”

“And in a democracy do not the people rule?”

“I suppose so.”

“By saying what they wish to have done, or otherwise?”

“By saying so, I suppose.”

“And if they are not allowed to say what they wish, they are not ruling,
and it is not a democracy?”


“Then Balphurios, who asks the people what they wish, is a democratic
man; and Askoïthios, who does not ask them, is not a democratic man; nor
are you one, apparently, O Phileleutheros.”

“This is all nonsense, Socrates,” he said.  “Balphurios cannot be a
democrat: for I am a democrat, and I do not agree with Balphurios.  And
you have not the least conception of what is meant by democracy: which
is, that certain persons are chosen by the majority of the citizens that
they may sit in the Ecclesia and carry out the wishes of the people.”

“But for what reasons do you choose such persons?” I asked.

“They ought to be chosen, Socrates,” he replied, “because they possess
the qualities proper to democratic men.”

“You mean,” I said, “that they must hate and speak evil of the rich; and
that they must wish to diminish the number of our triremes; and that they
must refuse to tax Megarian imports; and that they must be conscious of
their own virtues and the vices of others.”

“I do not altogether praise your definition; but it will do.”

“But with all these qualities,” I said, “will your ecclesiasts always
know what you wish when something unexpected happens about which it is
necessary to decide?  For instance, if one of the chief speakers proposes
a law that all burglars should be honoured by dinners in the Prytaneum,
will not your ecclesiasts come to us and say, ‘O Socrates and
Phileleutheros, we possess all the qualities proper to democratic men: we
are conscious of our own virtues, and we should like to diminish the
number of your triremes: and for these qualities we have been elected;
but as to this matter of giving burglars a dinner in the Prytaneum, about
this we do not yet know your wishes: and we would gladly be informed by

“If they do not know our wishes of themselves,” said Phileleutheros,
“they will suffer for it at the next election.”

“That is very unpleasant for them,” I replied.  “Suppose now that you
hired an architect to build you a house, and that while he was building
it he needed your advice, and came and said to you, ‘O Phileleutheros, I
have given your house four walls and a roof according to your wishes; but
you have not yet told me whether your banqueting-hall ought to have three
windows or six.  About this I do not yet know your wishes, and I would
gladly be informed by you.’  Will you then say to him that you have no
authority to tell him your wishes any more, but that if he happens to
decide contrary to your will you will not employ him again?  Similarly,
it seems to me, you are in danger of making the Ecclesia no longer the
agent of your wishes, but it and those who lead it will be now and then
tyrants and not your servants—if to make laws not according to the will
of the people is tyranny.  And you can punish the ecclesiasts by
dismissing them after a time, of course; but you will only elect others
who will be tyrants again in the same way as their predecessors.”

“But the Nomothetae, Socrates, will prevent them.”

“Hardly,” I replied.  “For your leaders of the Ecclesia, who are
democrats and will not consult the people, and whom you praise, will ask
the Nomothetae for their opinion three times; and when thereby they are
quite satisfied that their proposal is displeasing to the Nomothetae it
will forthwith become law.  So that the conclusion is this: that the
leaders of the Ecclesia will in most cases have authority to do what they
like without consulting anybody.  And these leaders, Askoïthios and his
friends, are few in relation to the mass of the citizens, are they not?”

“They are not many, certainly.”

“That is something to be thankful for,” I said.  “They then, being few,
will rule for the time; and when the few rule, that is oligarchy.  Is it
not?  Unless perhaps you will say that when your enemies are in power in
the Ecclesia, it is oligarchy; but when your friends are in power, then
it is democracy?”

“Socrates, you are right, for once.  That is precisely what I do say.”


“Come in” said the Senior Tutor of St. Boniface: and two scholars came
in.  (He knew they were scholars, because this was his hour for seeing
scholars.)  One was a heavy-looking young man in a frock coat and tall
hat.  The other was a spruce youth, who looked as if nature had intended
him for an attorney’s clerk; as, indeed, nature had.

“Scholars, I presume, gentlemen?” inquired the Tutor.  The young men
bowed.  “In what subjects, may I ask?  You, sir” (turning to the spruce
youth) “Mr.—I forget your name—eh?  Oh, thanks—is it Classics?  History?
Natural Science, perhaps?”

“Oh no, sir; I hold a ‘Daily Thunderer’ Scholarship.”

“Exactly: I remember now.  You read all through _Tit-Bits_ for a whole
year, and the ‘D. T.’ pays you—£l,200, isn’t it?  The task is a little
dear at the price, it always seemed to me: but still, _Tit-Bits_—”

“It isn’t quite that, sir,” put in the youth; “it was for the

(“I _knew_ it was dear at the price,” the Tutor murmured.)

‘“—ædia Pananglica,’” continued the scholar.  “My Scholarship is for
reading that.  I have it outside, in three packing-cases.”

“The Scholarship?” asked the Tutor, weakly.

“No,” said the scholar; “the ‘Encyclopædia Pananglica.’”

“Well,” the academic dignitary resumed, “and what have you read?  To
prepare yourself for a university career, I mean.”

“The ‘Encyc—’”

“Of course, of course; but anything else?  I wish to know so as to advise
you with respect to the direction of your studies.  Have you, for
instance, read any Homer?”

“Homer!” the youth replied—“Oh, yes, I know about Homer.  There is a
picture of Homer, drawn from life, and very well reproduced, among the
illustrations of the article ‘Education.’  There is one there of
Comenius, too.  Homer and Comenius—”

“Were both educationists, I know,” said the Tutor: “but not, properly
speaking, in the same way.  However—you have not studied the father of
poetry in the original, it would appear.  Any Xenophon, perhaps? or

“I don’t think I know much about Xenophon,” replied the young man, “but I
have a friend who failed in Cæsar for the Cambridge Locals, and he said
it was pretty easy.”

“Do you know _any_ Greek or Latin at all?”

“Well, as I came along I bought a Delectus: I was told it might be
helpful for attaining the highest honours.”

“Exactly.  You thought it might be helpful—of course, of course.  You
were quite right—perfectly, perfectly correct,” the Tutor murmured, with
a faraway look in his eyes.  Then he collected himself, and turned to the
other aspirant.  “And you, sir—pardon me, I didn’t quite catch—eh?  Oh,
thanks!—what, may I ask, are the conditions on which you hold _your_

“My education,” replied the heavy young man, “was completed at the Jabez
H. Brown University of Thessalonica, Maine, U.S.A.  I am a recipient of a
Scholarship under the provisions of the will of the Right Honourable
Cecil J. Rhodes, the eminent philanthropist.  No doubt, Professor, you
will have heard of him.”

“Ah! a Rhodes Scholar,” said the Tutor.  “That is better—much better.
You will, no doubt, study the Classics.  There are those (I am well
aware) who are disposed to object to modern American Scholarship as an
excessive attention to minutiæ: but personally, I confess, I am no enemy
even to a meticulous exactness, which alone can save us from an incurious
and slipshod rhetoric! . . . And what, then, are the points of
scholarship which it has been your endeavour to elucidate?  Have you
followed in the steps of the lamented Professor Drybones of Chicago, who
died before he could prove, by a complete enumeration of all the
instances in Greek literature, that γάρ is never the first word of a
sentence?  Have you—”

“Pardon me, Professor,” put in the Rhodes Scholar.  “That ain’t my
platform at all.  I may say, I don’t take any stock in literatoor.”

“Am I then to understand,” the Tutor asked, “that you are _not_
acquainted with the Greek and Latin Classics?”

“Not considerable,” replied the American.  “In fact, not any.”

“And to what, then, have your studies been directed?”

“Not to books, Professor.  No, nor yet laboratories and such.  I was
elected Scholar by the unanimous suffrage of my class in Thessalonica,
Maine, for Moral Character.  When it comes to Moral Character, you look
at me.  That is just where I am on top every time.”

“Moral Character!” exclaimed the Tutor, aghast.  “Oh, dear me!  I am
afraid that won’t do at all—here.  Moral Character—well, I hardly know
how to put it—but the fact is that if _that_ is all that you have to rely
upon, you would be sent down within a year infallibly—Oh, infallibly, I
assure you! . . .  But,” he continued, “we must try to think of something
for both of you gentlemen.  Could I not give you both a letter of
recommendation to my friend the Master of St. Cuthbert’s?  _There_, I
know, they value very highly both morality and the ‘Encyclopædia
Pananglica.’  I am sure it would be just the place for you both.  Do let
me write!”

“As the Master of Alfred’s sent Cecil Rhodes on to Auriol?” suggested the
spruce young man, innocently.

“As the Master of—why, no,” said the Tutor, “I think that won’t do, after
all.  Really, I believe, we must try to keep you at Boniface.”  Boniface
had suffered severely from agricultural depression.  “Well,
gentlemen—come to me again two hours hence, and we will try to think of
something for you.  Good morning!”

                                * * * * *

The Tutor was in a sad quandary.  Paid as he was by results fees, he
could not afford to receive pupils who would disgrace him in the Schools.
Yet it had always been his creed that a College must adapt itself to
existing circumstances, and be instinct with the Zeit Geist.

For a long time he remained wrapt in meditation.

                                * * * * *

Two hours elapsed, and the Tutor was again confronted with the twin
aspirants to academic honours.  He regarded them with the mien of one
visibly relieved from a load of care.  “These papers, gentlemen,” he
said, pointing to certain documents which lay upon the tutorial table,
“relate to a project of which you have doubtless heard—I refer to the
extension of our Public Schools into the remoter regions of the British
Empire.  They are reprinted from Mr. Sargant’s admirable letter to the
_Times_, and the leading article on the subject.  You are acquainted with
them—No?  Then pray take the papers: you will find them most instructive
and agreeable reading during the voyage.”

“The—the voyage?” exclaimed the Rhodes Scholar.

“Certainly,” said the Tutor, “during the voyage.  During the long
afternoons when you are steaming over the oily calm of the Bay of Biscay,
or being propelled (by friendly natives) down the rushing waters of
the—ah—Congo.  What I am proposing is that you two gentlemen should
become members of our Branch Establishment in Timbuctoo.  You _must_ have
heard of it!  When schemes so beneficial to the Empire are mooted, was it
likely that the Colleges of our great Imperial Universities would not
take the lead in the van of progress?  And when Eton, Harrow, and
Giggleswick have founded institutions, similar to themselves in every
respect except that of mere locality, in Asia, Africa, and Australasia,
was the College of St. Boniface to be a laggard?  Assuredly not.
Gentlemen, I commend you to our Alma Mater beyond the seas.”

“But, Professor,” the Rhodes Scholar objected, “I was sent here across
the salt water dish to join the College of St. Boniface.  They were kind
of sot upon that in Thessalonica.  I guess they will be disappointed,
some, if I ain’t made a professing member of St. Boniface.”

“But you will be, my dear sir—you will be!” cried the Tutor, with
vehemence, “a member of St. Boniface-in-Timbuctoo: Sancti Bonifacii
Collegii apud Timbuctooenses alumnus: it is precisely the same thing.
You have doubtless read, in the course of your historical investigations,
how Eton is really an offshoot of Winchester: is Eton not a public
school?  Of course it is.  Similarly, in the Middle Ages a portion of the
University broke off and migrated to Stamford.  Was it Oxford any the
less because it happened to be at Stamford?  Not the least.  The two
institutions—St. Boniface in Oxford and St. Boniface in Timbuctoo—are
precisely identical.  When you gentlemen in future years are competing
for—and I trust, I am sure, obtaining—positions of distinction and
emolument in the great world, you will be entitled to describe yourselves
as Boniface Men.  You can drop the ‘Apud Timbuctooenses’ if you like: the
omission will not be considered fraudulent.  But I see no reason why you
_should_ drop it.  Personally, I should glory in it.  Had I won a
scholarship for Moral Character, I would go to Timbuctoo to-morrow!
There, it seems to me, is your special sphere.  In Oxford, Moral
Character is so frequent as to be a drug, a positive drug: but in
Timbuctoo the possession is precious in proportion to its rarity.”

“But have they got the Tone and the Tradition there, sir?” asked the
holder of a ‘Daily Thunderer’ Scholarship.  “That would be, for me, very
important.  My family were especially anxious—”

“Assuredly they have got the Tone and the Tradition.  _Coelum non animum
mutant_—you have met with that, probably, in the ‘Encyclopædia
Pananglica.’  Absolutely unimpaired, I assure you.  We take great pains
about that.  Just an instance—the Visitor is the Bishop of Barchester,
just as here with us: the local King wanted to be Visitor, but of course
we couldn’t allow that.  Imagine—a Visitor with fifty-three wives, not to
mention!  It wouldn’t have done at all: the Tone _must_ have suffered.
We are in constant communication (wireless, of course) with the Timbuctoo
Branch: we are always being consulted.  Only this morning we had to deal
rather severely with an undergraduate member of the College—aboriginal,
as many of them are—who insisted on playing the tom-tom in prohibited
hours.  Of course, we must back up the Dean, and in case of—emergency, we
replace him and compensate his relations.”

“You speak, sir,” said the student of the Encyclopædia, “of a local King.
I understood that the College was on British territory.”

“The British Empire,” replied the Tutor, “includes Hinterlands.  This is
a Hinterland.  It is consequently from time to time the duty of the local
college authorities to assist the British Resident at the Court of
Timbuctoo in pulling down the French, German, Italian, Russian, and
Portuguese flags, all of which have been occasionally erected.  But the
country is practically annexed.  We are—ah—suzerains.”

“I understand, Professor, from your observation relative to the tom-tom,”
put the American scholar, “that the students of your College are
subjected to the regular British discipline?  That would be kind of
essential for me.  Cecil J. Rhodes, the eminent philanthropist, was
particularly anxious that I should have the full advantages of your fine
old high-toned mediæval College rules.  You have regulations, I presume?”

“The regulations,” replied the Don, “are framed (as exactly as possible
in the circumstances) on the lines with which we are familiar in Oxford.
It has not been advisable, so far, to establish the Proctorial system in
its entirety throughout the capital of Timbuctoo; but within the walls of
St. Boniface (or perhaps in strict truth I should say within the Zariba)
the strictest discipline prevails.  Clothing is essential—if not worn, at
least carried in the hand—for attendance in Hall and at lectures.
Morning chapel is obligatory: conscientious objectors, if aborigines, may
keep a private fetish in their rooms.  Cannibalism is only permitted if
directly authorized by the Dean, after a personal interview.”

This appeared to satisfy the Rhodes Scholar; his companion wished further
to know whether residence in a Colonial College could be regarded as a
step on the Educational Ladder.  His friends, he said, had impressed upon
him that his function in life was to climb the Educational Ladder.

“The ladder to which you refer,” explained the Tutor, “can be scaled as
well in Africa as in England.  In fact, better; there are distinctly
greater facilities.  In view of the regrettable inadequacy (at present)
of any organized system of primary education in Timbuctoo, secondary
education has been obliged to modify some of its standards.  The
University of Oxford, never backward in the march of progress, is
prepared to make the requisite concessions; and, as a result, you will
find that the highest honours are attainable without any acquaintance
with the ordinary subjects of our curriculum.  It is, I should say, the
very place for you.  Remember, too, that the very largest latitude is
allowed—nay, encouraged—in the choice of special subjects qualifying for
the M.A. degree; and what a field you will find!  The habits of
residents—indeed, of some among your own fellow students—are most
interesting to the student of Anthropology! while investigations among
the flora and fauna of this country must be fraught with the most
delightful potentialities.  I confess, I envy you.  I do not think I am
saying too much if I assure you that this University will be ready and
willing to confer upon you, not only the ordinary M.A. degree, but a
Doctorate of Science or Letters!

“Then,” continued the Tutor, “as to recreations; _neque semper arcum
tendit Apollo_—I beg your pardon, I mean to say that you cannot always be
studying the domestic habits of the hippopotamus under a microscope.
Sports and games you will find plentiful and interesting.  There is
head-hunting, for instance—”

“Hunting the head of the college, do you mean, Professor?” asked the

“Certainly not,” replied the Don, with dignity.  “That would not, under
any circumstances, be permitted.  If it were the Dean, now—but, oh no,
certainly not the Head.  What I refer to is the pursuit and collection of
decapitated human heads, belonging generally to personal enemies of the
collector; it is a sport common in Borneo, and among other interesting,
if primitive, nationalities.  This pastime is, I understand, a favourite
one with some students of the college.  It is practised, I need hardly
say, under the very strictest supervision; there must be a certificate
signed by the British Resident, and a special written recommendation from
the Director of the Craniological Department of the Museum.  Under such
restriction abuse is, of course, impossible.  Then, again, there is golf;
and it is hardly necessary to remind you that the Sahara provides perhaps
the finest natural golf links in the world.”

“Well, Professor,” said the American, “I guess I will start.  But how are
we going to get right there, now?  On the cars?”

“By the Cape to Cairo railway, when it is open,” the Tutor answered.
“There will be a branch line.  At present, the main line is, as you are
aware, incomplete, and the branch is—well, in course of construction.
Passengers are conveyed by motor.  Or, if not by motor, by ox-waggon;
trekking by the latter method is, I believe, the safer way; both,
however, are, I understand, most commodious.  I may explain to you that
the present is a particularly auspicious occasion for your journey; you
will travel in the company of the new Junior Dean, whose society, I am
sure, you will find delightful.  His predecessor, a personal friend of my
own, succumbed, I grieve to say, a few months ago—owing to the alleged
inadequate supply of beef-steaks at a ‘Torpid’ breakfast. . . . Painful,
but apparently inevitable.  I need hardly say, the perpetrators of this
insult have been rusticated for a whole term.”

“Is the Junior Dean a coloured person—a nigger?” asked the Rhodes

“_All_ the College officials,” explained the Don, “are, in the highest
and best sense of the word, white men.  Some of the Ordinary Fellows, it
is true—Mr. Sargant’s scheme contemplated, you see, the election to
fellowships of persons of local distinction.  But our officials are,
without exception, Oxford men.  It would be impossible, otherwise, to
preserve the Tone and the Tradition.”

“And now, gentlemen,” he continued, “I must not keep you too long.
Procrastination is the thief of time, eh? and besides, your boat leaves
Southampton to-morrow.  All expenses on the journey refunded by the
Timbuctoo Bursar, on application.  Are your boxes unpacked?  No?  Then
all you have to do is to alter the labels.”

“About the ‘Encyclopædia,’” said the spruce youth.  “It is in three
packing cases—a bit ’eavy.  Will carriage be paid?”

“Oh certainly, certainly,” replied the Tutor.  “Of course, I _might_
relax our regulation about bonfires in the quadrangle—but no, no, I am
sure you will find it most useful, even up-to-date—in Timbuctoo.  _Good_

                                * * * * *

The Tutor, with a sigh of relief, renewed his perusal of the
“Itinerarium” of Nemesianus.  Nemesianus, honest man! did not know where
Timbuctoo was.  Nor, for the matter of that, did the Tutor.


“It is always interesting,” said my friend, Feedingspoon, “to consider
the various stages of the process by which knowledge is disseminated.  An
inscription (we will say) or an important textual variation is
discovered: it is then misinterpreted to fit a preconceived theory; then
it is introduced into a cheap German edition, for the School-Use
explained.  Subsequently, an English school-book is copied from the
German: the English commentary is imparted (by me) to undergraduates, in
the form of lectures; and the undergraduates’ notes are presently
submitted to an examiner in the Schools, who marks them _a_—?, and says
they show evidence of some original research.  By how many degrees, do
you suppose, is the examiner removed from the truth?”

“It depends,” I said, “whether he be a D.D., an M.A., or a D.Litt.  But I
do not understand the necessity of the lecturer.  Cannot your
undergraduate read the English book for himself?”

“No,” he replied, “he cannot.  There are, of course, exceptional persons.
But the ordinary man’s mind is so constructed that he is incapable of
comprehending that which is seen by the eyes unless it be also heard by
the ears.  Moreover, when he is not safely shut up in a lecture-room, he
is almost always compelled to be either eating, or playing football, or
meeting his maternal uncle at the station.  Lastly, if the student could
read for himself, there would be no need of a lecturer: which is absurd.

“Such being the admitted theory of education,” continued Feedingspoon, “I
feel that I am necessary to the machinery of the Universe.  The position
which I occupy is at the same time one of some labour.  This morning, for
instance, I rose late (having been occupied till past midnight in reading
to my pupils selections from the _Poetics_ of Aristotle, in order that
they might sleep soundly and wake refreshed): hence, I was unable to
follow my usual practice, which is, to call my alumni at 6.30, to
accompany them in a walk before breakfast, and map out the scheme of
reading which they are to follow until luncheon.  I only trust that this
isolated omission of a plain duty may not wreck their futures!  As a
result of my somnolence, I had but ten minutes in which to prepare two
lectures on subjects of which I had previously been ignorant; but, thanks
to Mr. Gow’s _Handbook to School Classics_—a work with which my pupils
are unfamiliar because I have not yet told them to read it—I succeeded in
displaying an erudition which, in the circumstances, was creditable.
Since the conclusion of my lectures, I have been employed in visiting the
candidates whom I am preparing for examination, and encouraging them to
continue their studies.  Personal attention is indispensable to the true
educator.  But I must confess that I am somewhat dashed and embarrassed
by the receipt of a request from Tomkins, a scholar of this College, that
I should discontinue my daily inspection of his reading, as he wishes to
have time to do some work: coupled with a letter from the Senior Tutor,
who wishes to know if I do not think that a little more individual
attention is advisable in the case of Tomkins. . . .

“I must now,” he said, “ask you to excuse me.  The representatives of my
College are about to play a football match in the Parks: and although the
game is one with the rules of which I have never been able to familiarize
myself, and in which, between ourselves, I take no interest whatever, I
conceive that my absence from the crowd of spectators might well loosen
that sympathy between myself and the junior members of the College,
without which they must infallibly meet the fate of the man who reads his
books for himself and neglects the dictation of his Tutor.  Moreover, I
have to spend the later part of the afternoon in reading the Cr--, I
should say, the admirable and scholarly version of Professor Jebb—to
three Commoners who are taking up Sophocles for Honour Moderations.”

“Your day,” I said, “seems indeed to be somewhat occupied.  Let me at
least hope that the work which you are doing will win you the applause of
the learned, and a place among the Educationists of the century.”

                                * * * * *

On leaving Feedingspoon, it happened that the first man whom I met was
Fadmonger, _the_ Fadmonger, the one with a Continental reputation.  He
had been ordered to play golf in the morning, and was returning from the
links.  As we walked together towards the North of Oxford, I was about to
repeat to him the substance of my conversation with Feedingspoon.  But on
my mentioning the latter’s name, Fadmonger interposed, and said that he
really could not trust himself to speak on that subject.  He then
discoursed upon it at great length, using the most violent language about
Obscurantism, Packed Boards, the Tutorial Profession, Sacrifice of
Research to Examination, Frivolous Aims and Obsolete Methods, and the

“What,” he cried indignantly, “are we to think of a curriculum—so
called—which includes the _Republic_ of Plato and excludes the
_Onomasticon_ of Julius Pollux?”

“Assuredly,” I replied, “there can be only one opinion about it.”

“Exactly,” he said; “you are one of the few sensible men I know.  Our
methods, I can tell you, are getting us into serious discredit abroad.  I
should just like you to hear the things which are said about Literæ
Humaniores by Professor Jahaleel Q. Potsherds of Johns Hopkins, and
Doctor Grabenrauber of Weissnichtwo.  They think very little of this
University at Johns Hopkins.”

“Indeed,” I said; “I am pained to hear it.”

“Yes,” replied Fadmonger; “it worries me a good deal.  I have almost
resolved to give up the rest of my lectures for the Term, and go to the
Riviera for a complete change. . . .

“No,” he continued, after a pause, “there is nothing to be hoped from the
College Tutor.  Obscurantist he is, and obscurantist he will remain: he
is our great impediment to serious study—study, that is, of anything
except so-called classical texts.  It is to the young student that we
must look for salvation.  Do you know young Frawde of my College?  I have
had most interesting talks with him—a really able man, but of course
quite misunderstood by his tutors: able men always are.”

“He is, I suppose,” said I, “reading for a Final Honour School.”

“Of course he is doing nothing of the kind,” Fadmonger replied with some
warmth.  “In the present degraded condition of Honour Greats it is quite
unworthy of a serious student.  He is at present preparing to take a pass
degree: and after that he thinks of going abroad to devote himself
seriously to a course of Tymborychology.  A most interesting young man,
with admirably sound ideas on the present state of the Schools. . . .”

                                * * * * *

It happens that I know Frawde: and when I next met him I commented with
some surprise on his new departure.  Frawde was quite candid, and said it
had been necessary to do something in order to patch up his much-ploughed
character before Collections.  He had been plausible, and Fadmonger

“And really, you know, the Fadder wasn’t half a bad chap”—he had given
Frawde a recommendation to read in the Bodder—“and I am going there too,”
said the serious student, “as soon as I can find out where it is: but
nobody seems to know.  After all, lots of chaps go abroad after their
degraggers: why shouldn’t I have a spade and dig in Egypt or Mesopotamia
or somewhere, same as anybody else?  Eh?”

And, upon my word, I really don’t see why he shouldn’t.


“The question is,” said Pluto to the deceased Tutor, “which of our
penalties we can assign to you.  Something you must have, you know: it’s
the rule of the place.”

“Sorry to hear you say so,” replied the Tutor.  “I _had_ hoped that
perhaps I might be allowed a little quiet to enjoy the pleasant warmth—my
doctor really sent me here as an alternative to Algiers—and possibly
throw in a little journalistic work which would advertise you in the
evening papers.  You’re not known enough up there.”

“Not known?  Why, surely you yourself must often have been recommended

“Of course, of course,” the Tutor hastily interrupted,—“but not by any
one whose opinion or advice I at all respected.  Whereas if I might just
have leisure to look round and jot things down, now that I am here, I
could put you in touch with specialists who—”

“Now, look here,” said the Monarch, “if you’re going to stay here at all,
you must please to remember that this isn’t a University.  I simply won’t
have idlers loafing round wasting their own time and demoralizing society
with their lazy habits.  Pardon my abruptness” (he continued, more
mildly), “but with all the exclusiveness in the world I can’t prevent our
getting a little mixed now and then, and if people come here with
academic ideas I really couldn’t be responsible for order and morality.
We should be as Anglo-Indian as Olympus in no time.”

“Very true! very true!” said the Shade.  “I quite see.  Satan finds some
mischief still—eh? as I used to say when I was a Dean.  Since you really
insist on it, I suppose there _had_ better be some trifling torture by
way of occupation.  Only look here—it mustn’t be any of the things I used
to do up above.  Quite absurd, you know, to go on reading the same books
you did at school—no, I mean, to be made to continue on the same old
lines I followed before I came up—down, I should say.  It’s so
monotonous, and it isn’t improving.”

“Well,” said Pluto, “we’ll see what can be done, on that assumption.  It
does rather limit possibilities, though, doesn’t it?  You see I have to
confess that, considering it’s the nineteenth century, we are a little
behind the times—no great variety in the matter of punishments.”

“Why don’t you bring them up to date?” asked the visitor.

“Practically,” he replied, “it’s a question of expense.  With funds, I
could do much more.  Roasting over a slow fire, for instance, is good:
they have that in another place: but just think of the coal bill!  Then
viva-voceing and vivisecting without anæsthetics are of course admirable;
but the cost of expert labour involved would be ruinous.  Result is, that
nearly all my penalties are self-acting and consequently simple in
design; and, on the whole, except in the case of _blasés_ people who come
here with a too varied experience, they answer tolerably well.”

“All right,” said the Tutor, “suggest an occupation.”

“Let me see,” said the Ruler of the Shades, and he pondered a few
moments.  “How would it be, now, if you were to take a turn with our
friend Sisyphus?  He rolls a big stone up a hill, and just as he thinks
it’s going to get to the top, down it comes again—most disappointing.
Quite inexpensive, and very healthy, _I_ should say, and really, as an
object-lesson in the force of gravity, not uninstructive.”

“Won’t do at all,” replied the Tutor.  “In the Vacations I was always
walking up hills and having to come down before I got to the top.  Then
in the Term I used to teach Logic to passmen; and really, if you think—”

“Yes, yes,” Pluto agreed; “the occupations would be practically
identical.  Of course, that won’t suit you.  Well, then, there’s Ixion,
who goes round on a wheel.”

“I’m a bicyclist myself,” objected the Tutor.

“Are you?  Pity, too, because Ixion says his wheel’s old-fashioned; he
wants a new one with pneumatic tyres warranted puncturable, which shows
that he is really entering into the spirit of the thing.  You might have
had his old one for a song, I’m sure.  However, what do you say to
calling on those Danaid girls, and getting them to teach you their little
industry?  There, again, you have simplicity itself.  Take a can with a
hole in the bottom, go on pouring water into it—”

“I thought I told you,” murmured the deceased, wearily, “that I have
followed the profession of teaching.”

“Very true; I had forgotten.  Don’t know what we can do to suit you,
really!  Perhaps you’d like to imitate Theseus—_sedet aeternumque
sedebit_, as Virgil said.  Astonishing how Virgil picked these details
up!  There’s old Theseus, sitting like a hen.  They say he’s as tired of
sitting as if he were a rowing-man.”

“As an ex-member of the Board of the Faculty of Arts—” began the Tutor.

“Ah, dear me!” replied Pluto.  “Then that won’t do either?  Those Boards
must be excellent from my point of view.  I have often wished I had one
or two down here.  But I’m really afraid we’re getting to the end of the
list.  And, you know, if we can’t provide you with anything, back you’ll
have to go.  _I_ won’t keep you, eating your head off.  But, talk of
eating! shall I put you up beside Prometheus, and ask his eagle to do a
little overtime work by taking a turn at your liver?  I am afraid we
could hardly stand you a private eagle all to yourself.  It is said to be
quite painful; I really don’t think you can have gone through that, with
all your experience.”

“Oh yes I have,” returned the Tutor; “a long course of Hall dinners has
familiarized me with every possibility in the way of liver trouble.  The
eagle business would be the merest _crambe repetita_.”

“Bless the man!” cried Pluto, justly provoked.  “Very well; then you
can’t stay here, that’s all.  I’ve given you all the alternatives Hades
has at its disposal, and you tell us you have been through them all in
your University!  All I can say is, you had better go back to it, and
stay there.”

“The Bursar,” said the Tutor, “will not be best pleased to see me again.
He thinks he has got my Fellowship, and is going to use it for the
benefit of the College farms.  I can tell you he won’t like it one bit
when I reappear at the College Meeting.”

“The Bursar and I shall have plenty of time for an explanation—later,”
said Pluto.


I have been a good deal distressed lately by the reverses of my friend
John Bull, who is one of the leading tradesmen in this town.  Everybody
knows his establishment.  It does a very large business indeed: you can
get practically everything there—coals, Lee-Metford rifles, chocolate,
biscuits, steam-engines, Australian mutton, home and colonial produce of
every kind, in short.  My old friend is tremendously proud of his shop,
which, as he says, he has made what it is by strict honesty (and really
for an enterprising tradesman he is fairly honest) and attention to
business principles.  He has put a deal of capital into it, and spares no
expense in advertising; in fact, he keeps a regular department for
poetry, which is written on the premises and circulated among customers
and others, and explains in the most beautiful language that the house in
Britannia Road is the place to go to for everything.  John, who prides
himself on his literary taste, considers this to be the finest poetry
ever written; and Mrs. Bull reads it out to him in the evening before he
has his regular snooze after supper.

Everything was going on swimmingly until this unfortunate Hooligan
trouble began.  I must explain to you that Mr. Bull owns a great deal
more property than the actual premises where he transacts business.
Somehow or other, in course of time he has become the proprietor of bits
and scraps all over the town and suburbs—tenements, waste lands, eligible
building sites, warehouses, and what not—the whole making up what, if it
was put together, would be a very considerable estate.  How it all came
into John Bull’s hands nobody knows properly; indeed, I don’t think he
does himself.  Some of it was bought, and bought pretty dear too.  Some
of it was left to him.  A good deal of it he—one doesn’t like using the
word, but still—well, in fact, took; but, mind you, he always took
everything for its good, and for the ultimate benefit of society, not for
any selfish reasons; so that to call Mr. Bull a pirate, as Dubois does
who keeps the toy-shop over the way, is manifestly absurd.  Anyhow, it is
a very fine property, and would be bigger still if Jonathan C., a cousin
of the family, hadn’t taken off a good slice which used to belong to

As I was saying, this property is a very large straggling affair, most of
it a long way off from the shop.  Its owner finds it very hard to look
after every part; all the more so, because this town has no regular
police, and is therefore continually troubled by gangs of roughs, who go
about breaking windows and even heads, and doing damage generally.  They
are always giving a great deal of trouble to the Bull people; and what
makes it worse is that very often they are actually tenants on the
property, who ought to know better.  One of these Hooligan crowds lately
made a dead set against poor John; it was all the harder because to my
personal knowledge he had shown himself most kind and forgiving to
various members of this particular gang; and once before, when they came
and broke his windows, he refused to prosecute, and simply gave them five
shillings to drink Mrs. Bull’s health and not do it again.  That is the
kind of man he is, sometimes.  In spite of this indulgent and charitable
treatment, they came the other day and made a raid into an outlying
corner of his property and did all sorts of damage; and not content with
this, they actually squatted there on land which was no more theirs than
it is mine (I am thankful to say), where they insulted and even assaulted
innocent passers-by, and levied blackmail on John Bull’s adjacent
tenants, and, in short, became the terror of the neighbourhood and a
disgrace to civilization.  And when Mr. Bull’s watchman (I told you there
is no regular police force, and everybody has to look after himself),
when Thomas Atkins, I say, came with orders to turn them out, they told
him to go—I hardly like to say where—and absolutely refused to stir;
quite the contrary; they hid themselves behind rubbish-heaps and
hoardings and such like, and threw things at Thomas; and when he tried to
catch them, they ran away and hid behind more hoardings, so that when you
thought they were in one place they were always somewhere else, and the
poor watchman got so knocked about with stones and brickbats that the
next morning, when he came round to the shop to report progress, he had a
black eye, and a cut head, and a torn coat, and a nasty bruise on one of
his legs.  Mrs. Bull had to patch up his coat and give him some arnica
and vaseline.

Poor Mr. Atkins!  He is a most respectable man, and an excellent
watchman, as was his father before him.  It is a tradition of the Atkins
family that they are as brave as lions, and do not know what fear is; but
unfortunately they are not always very clever, and Thomas is a little
slow at learning, and does not pick up new tricks readily.  His father
had a tremendous hammer-and-tongs battle with the Dubois’ watchman once,
right in the middle of the public street—thirty-six rounds or so they had
of it—and licked him, as John Bull says, in true British style; and that
is always Thomas’s way, and the only thing that he understands properly;
none of your underhand dodges like hiding behind places and throwing
brickbats when one isn’t looking.  So that the Hooligan ways of fighting
were quite too much for him at first.  And although Mr. Bull spent a lot
of money in buying him a new watchman’s rattle and a very expensive
second-hand truncheon, nearly as good as the best kind, still it was all
no good, and Thomas couldn’t turn the invaders out.

All this time you must not suppose that Mr. Bull’s neighbours had nothing
to say about the matter.  On the contrary, they were very much interested
and, I am sorry to say, pleased.  Dubois the Frenchman, and Müller, the
man who keeps the World’s Cheap Emporium, and Alexis Ivanovitch, the big
cornfactor in the next street who is always maltreating his workmen, were
never tired of saying nasty things about Mr. Bull and crowing over the
mishaps of Mr. Atkins.  Everybody knows what a terrible quarrel there was
some years ago between Müller and Dubois, and how Müller went into the
toyshop and thrashed the Frenchman then and there, so that poor Dubois
had to go to bed for a week, and for a long time afterwards used to go
about vowing vengeance.  But this didn’t in the least prevent the two
from fraternizing on the common ground of enmity to John Bull.  They
would meet—by accident, of course—just under his windows, and then Müller
would say, very loud, to Dubois, “Is it not ridiculous, my friend, that
this once apparently so mighty Herr Bull and his watchman should again by
the Hooliganish crowd have been defeated?”  Or perhaps, “This is what
comes of your big businesses and your straggling premises with no one to
protect them.  How much better to have a small compact business (though
it’s not so small either, mind you) like my Emporium, by a large number
of properly trained watchmen defended!”  And Dubois would say,—so that it
annoyed the Bull household very much indeed,—“Behold the fruits of being
a pirate and a robber.  Conspuez M. Atkins!  Justice for ever!  À bas les
Juifs!” (he always says that now when he is angry—goodness only knows
why).  Indeed Dubois got so excited that he actually thought of breaking
John’s windows, though on reflection he decided that he wouldn’t do it
just yet.  And John was very cross with Atkins and the shopboy, and even
with Mrs. Bull and his son J. Wellington Bull, and caused it to be
generally known that he would knock Dubois’s head off for sixpence if he
got the chance.  Then Paddy Gilhooly, who is a tenant of the Bulls’, in
Hibernia Road—and a shocking bad tenant, too, who never pays any rent
when he can help it, and keeps his premises in a disgraceful condition,
with a lot of pigs and poultry running about in the front parlour—this
Paddy must needs put his finger in the pie and turn against his own
landlord, so that whenever Mr. Atkins came along Hibernia Road Paddy
would put his head out of window and shout, “Hooligans for iver!  More
power to th’ inimy!  Crunchy aboo!” and other similar observations, of
which no one took the least notice, because it was the way with the
Gilhooly family.  Still, it was very ungrateful of Paddy, after all
John’s kindness to him; besides being painful to Mr. Atkins, who is a
near cousin of the Gilhoolys and would not wish to be disgraced by the
conduct of his relations.  I don’t know why it is, but somehow or other
Mr. Bull has not the gift of making himself generally popular.  Time
after time he has lent Paddy money; and as for Müller and Dubois, if they
want good advice on the proper conduct of their business, they know where
to come for it: but they don’t seem to appreciate the privilege.  In
short, if it wasn’t for that little bankrupt wine merchant Themistocles
Papageorgios, whom John saved some time ago from the consequences of
litigation with a Turkish firm, I doubt if my poor friend has one sincere
wellwisher among all the townsmen.

However, I am glad to say that most of them have begun to change their
tune lately, thanks to Mr. Bull’s luck being on the mend.  Thomas Atkins
did not make a very good start, certainly; but as time went on he learnt
a number of new tricks, and the violent exercise which he had to take put
him into excellent training.  Moreover, some cousins of the Bulls showed
a very proper family spirit, and sent the eldest son, Larry, to help Mr.
Atkins.  So, what with Thomas being, so to speak, a new man, and Larry
being very strong and active, and the shopboy coming out to lend a hand
when required, the three between them began to turn the tables.  They
caught two or three of the marauders at last, and had them locked up; and
I sincerely hope and trust that they will do the same with all the rest
very soon.  This seems to have produced a great change in the sentiments
of Mr. Bull’s fellow-citizens.  Müller is not nearly so contemptuous as
he used to be about Atkins; and Dubois, I suppose, has remembered that he
is going to have a big summer sale this year, and that it would be very
embarrassing, under the circumstances, to be embroiled with an
influential person like this brave M. Bull, as he calls him now.  Only
Ivanovitch is still very sulky and goes on using violent expressions.  I
am afraid there will be trouble yet between my poor friend and the
cornfactor—though goodness knows the town ought to be big enough to hold
both of them.  But the fact is they have both got mortgages on a china
shop in the suburbs which is in a bad way financially, and it makes them
as jealous of each other as possible.

Evidently this Hooligan affair is not going to last for ever; and, on the
whole, if things don’t get worse, Bull may congratulate himself on having
done pretty well so far.  But it has hit him rather hard.  What with
buying things for Mr. Atkins and paying him for working overtime, and
having had to put up new fire-proof shutters, and sending out the shopboy
away from his duties to help Atkins and Larry, he has lost a deal of
money, one way and another; and besides, as he is very much afraid of
this kind of thing happening again, it looks as if the whole business of
the shop were going to be put on a different footing.  For here is J.
Wellington Bull, who was to have helped behind the counter, going out now
to do watchman’s duty with the others; and as likely as not the old man
himself will have to take to patrolling his property instead of looking
after his customers; so that, in all probability, there will be no one
but Mrs. B. to see after the shop.  And, as John said to me the other
day, these are no times for leaving a business to be managed by old

He says he has seen enough of that kind of thing.


   This is the tale that is told of an almost universally respected
   Who, being fully aware of the views of Continental Potentates, and
   their plans ambitious and sinister,
   For the better defence of his native land, and to free her from
   continual warlike alarms,
   Determined that he would popularize the conception (and a very good
   one too) of a Nation in Arms!
   Now this is the way he proceeded to fan the flame of patriot ardour—
   (This metre looks at first as easy to write as blank verse, or Walt
   Whitman, but is in reality considerably harder),—
   He assured his crowded audience that, while everyone must deprecate a
   horrid, militant, Jingoist attitude,
   Not to serve one’s country—at least on Saturday afternoons—was the
   very blackest ingratitude:
   Death on the battlefield,—or at least the expense of buying a
   uniform,—was the patriots’ chiefest glory;
   Dulce et decorum est (said the statesman, amid thunderous cheers) pro
   patria mori!
   Everyone should be ready to defend his hearth and home, be it humble
   cot or family mansion,
   Provided always that he discouraged a tendency to Militarism and
   Imperial Expansion:
   That was the habit of mind which a Briton’s primary duty to stifle
   Seeing that the country’s salvation lay rather with the intelligent,
   spontaneous, disinterested volunteer who didn’t care how obsolete the
   pattern of his rifle was:
   Too much skill in shooting or drill was a perilous thing, and he did
   not mean to acquire it,
   For fear of alarming peace-loving Emperors and such-like by display of
   a combative spirit;
   Regular armies tended to that: and in view of the state of
   international conditions he
   Meant to cut down our own to the minimum consistent with Guaranteed
   Being convinced as he was that an army recruited and trained on a
   properly peaceful principle
   Would be wholly (and here comes a rhyme that won’t please the mere
   purist, but I’m sorry to say it’s the only available one) wholly, I
   say, and completely invincible!
   This being so, he did not propose to devise any scheme or with
   cut-and-dried details to fetter a
   Patriot Public which quite understood of itself that England
   Expects—et cetera.
   After this oratorical burst, as the country next day was informed by
   about two hundred reporters,
   The Right Honourable Gentleman resumed his seat amid loud and
   continuous applause, having spoken for two hours and three quarters.
   The Public at once declared with unanimity so remarkable that nothing
   would well surpass it
   That patriotic self-sacrifice was a Priceless National Asset:
   No rational person, they said, could fail to be deeply impressed by
   the charms
   Of that truly august conception, a Nation in Arms:
   To become expert in the use of strictly defensive weapons, spear or
   sword, Lee-Metford, torpedo, or sabre,
   Was a duty—if not for oneself, yet incumbent without any shadow of
   doubt on one’s neighbour;
   Still there were some who might possibly urge that the world was at
   peace, and the time was not ripe yet for it,—
   Besides the undoubted fact that a patriot who was asked to sacrifice
   his Saturday half-holiday might legitimately inquire what he was
   likely to get for it;
   So on the whole while they recognized quite (what a metre this is, to
   be sure!) that the Minister’s scheme was replete with attraction,
   They decided to wait for a while (what with the danger of encouraging
   a spirit of Militarism and a number of other excellent reasons) before
   putting his plan into action.
   Then the Continental Potentates—and if I venture at all to allude to
   them, it is
   Only to show how all this Nation-in-Arms business may lead to the most
   regrettable extremities:
   This part of my poem in short most painful and sad to a lover of peace
   And in fact I believe I can deal with it best by a delicate use of the
   figure Aposiopesis—
   However—the net result was that a time arrived when Consols went down
   to nothing at all, caddies in thousands were thrown out of work and
   professional footballers docked of their salary,
   And several League matches had to be played at a lamentable financial
   loss in the absence of the usual gallery!
   Then, some time after that (it’s really impossible to say what
   happened in between) when business at last had resumed its usual
   And the nation in general was no longer engaged in painfully realistic
   manœuvres, on the Downs, between Guildford and Dorking,—
   Then the public met and resolved like the person whose case is
   recorded in fable
   That now that the steed had been stolen (or at least suffered from
   exposure to the air) it was high time to close the door of the stable;
   And that never again no more should their cricket-fields, football
   grounds, croquet lawns, bunkers,
   Be profaned by the feet of Cossacks, Chasseurs, Bashi-Bazouks, or
   And I don’t think they talked very big about Nations in Arms, or
   inscribed on their banners any particularly inspiring motto,
   But they learnt to shoot and to drill, not more or less but quite
   well—in spite of the dangers of Militarism—for the plain and simple
   reason that they’d got to!


   Essence of boredom! stupefying Theme!
      Whereon with eloquence less deep than full,
   Still maundering on in slow continuous stream,
      All can expatiate, and all be dull:
   Bane of the mind and topic of debate
      That drugs the reader to a restless doze,
   Thou that with soul-annihilating weight
      Crushest the Bard, and hypnotisest those
   Who plod the placid path of plain pedestrian Prose:

   Lo! when each morn I carefully peruse
      (Seeking some subject for my painful pen)
   The _Times_, the _Standard_, and the _Daily News_,
      No other topic floats into my ken
   Save this alone: or Dr. Clifford slates
      Dogmas in general: or the dreadful ban
   Of furious Bishops excommunicates
      Such simple creeds as Birrell, hopeful man!
   Thinks may perhaps appease th’ unwilling Anglican.

   Lo! at Society’s convivial board
      (Whereat I do occasionally sit,
   In hope to bear within my memory stored
      Some echo thence of someone else’s wit),
   Or e’er the soup hath yielded to the fish,
      A heavy dulness doth the banquet freeze:
   Lucullus’ self would shun th’ untasted dish
      When lovely woman whispers, “Tell me, please,
   What _are_ Denominational Facilities?”

   From scenes like these my Muse would fain withdraw:
      To Taff’s still Valley be my footsteps led,
   Where happy Unions ’neath the shield of Law
      Heave bricks bisected at the Blackleg’s head:
   In those calm shades my desultory oat
      Of Taxed Land Values shall contented trill,
   Of Man ennobled by a Single Vote,—
      In short, I’ll sing of anything you will,
   Except of thee alone, O Education Bill!

(After seeing his Picture in the Press)

   Working Man! whose psychic beauty
      (Unattainable by me)
   Still it is my pleasing duty
      Painted by your friends to see,—
   You, whose virtues ne’er can bore us,
      Daily through their list we scan,
   Let me swell th’ admiring chorus,
      Let me hymn the Working Man!

   You whose Leaders, highly moral,
      Always shocked by war’s alarms,
   Could not in their country’s quarrel
      Contemplate the use of arms,
   Yet, should strikes provide occasion,
      Then by higher promptings led
   Do with more than moral suasion
      Break the erring Blackleg’s head:—

   You, whose intellectual state is
      Such that you are aiming at
   Getting all your culture gratis
      (Not that you’re alone in that),—
   Always with the strict injunction
      That whate’er be false or true
   Every teacher’s simple function
      Is to teach what pleases you:—

   Not to gain by learned labour
      Any sordid _quid pro quo_:
   Not to rise above your neighbour
      (Comrades ne’er are treated so):
   Not to change your lowly station,
      Not for rank and not for pelf,
   Academic education
      Only, only for itself,—

   Yet in whose commercial dealings
      Vainly we attempt to find
   Those disinterested feelings
      Which adorn the Student’s mind,—
   Seeing that, O my high-souled brothers!
      There your dream of happiness
   Is (like mine, and several others’)
      Earning more for working less!

   ’Tis not that I blame your getting
      Anything you think you can:
   ’Tisn’t that which I’m regretting,
      Noble British Working Man!
   No—although the facts I mention
      Sometimes wake a mild surprise—
   Still—the truth’s beyond contention—
      You are good, and great, and wise:

   Swell my taxes: stint my fuel:
      Last, to close the painful scene,
   Send me, rather just than cruel,
      Send me to the guillotine:
   Ere the knife bisects my spinal
      Cord, and ends my vital span,
   This shall be my utterance final,
      _Bless_ the British Working Man!


   They tell me the Millennium’s come
      (And I should be extremely glad
   Could I but feel assured, like some,
      It had):
   They tell me of a bright To Be
      When, freed from chains that tyrants forge
   By the Right Honourable D.
      Lloyd George,
   We shall by penalties persuade
      The idle unrepentant Great
   To serve (inadequately paid)
      The State,—
   All working for the general good,
      While painful guillotines confront
   The individual who could
      And won’t:
   But horny-handed sons of toil,
      Who now purvey our meats and drinks,
   Our gardens devastate, and spoil
      Our sinks,
   Shall seldom condescend to take
      That inconsiderable sum
   For which they daily butch, and bake,
      And plumb;
   Such humble votaries of trade
      No more shall follow arts like these;
   Since most of them will then be made

                                  * * * * *

   And can I then (with some surprise
      You ask) possess my tranquil soul,
   And view with calm indifferent eyes
      The Poll,
   While partisans, in raucous tones,
      With doleful wail or joyful shout
   Proclaim that Brown is in, or Jones
      Is out?
   I can: I do: the reason’s plain:
      That blissful day which prophets paint
   Perhaps may come: perhaps again
      It mayn’t:
   And ere these ages blest begin
      (For Rome, I’ve heard historians say,
   Was only partly finished in
      A day)
   In men of sentiments sublime
      ’Tis possible we yet may trace
   The influence of mellowing Time
      And PLACE:—
   O who can tell?  Ere Labour rouse
      Its ever-multiplying hordes
   To mend or end th’ obstructive House
      Of Lords,
   And bid aristocrats begone,
      And their hereditary pelf
   Bestow with generous hand upon
   Why, Mr. George,—his threats forgot
      Which Earls and Viscounts cowering hear,—
   Himself may be, as like as not,
      A Peer!


   Tomkins! when revolving lustres
      Thin those shining locks that now
   Wreathe their hyacinthine clusters
      Round your intellectual brow,—
   You who in your nobler station
      Still are kind enough to seek
   Our political salvation
      Rather more than once a week,—

   Think you, will your rightful value
      Still be duly understood?
   Will the British Public hail you
      Always great and always good?
   When the Peoples fight for Freedom
      And the tyrant’s rage confront,
   Will they call for you to lead ’em?
      —No, my friend: I fear they won’t.

   Soon or late are Truth’s apostles
      Laid upon their destined shelf;
   You, who talk of Ancient Fossils,
      Tomkins! will be one yourself:
   Dons and Men with gibe and sneer your
      Ancient crusted ways will view,
   Wondering oft with smile superior
      What’s the use of Things like you!

   All the schemes that win you glory,
      Meant to mend our mortal mess—
   These will simply brand you Tory,
      Nothing more and nothing less:
   You who waked the world from slumber,
      You, who shone in Progress’ van,
   You’ll be then a mere Back Number,
      Obsolete as good Queen Anne!

   You I see with zeal excessive
      Dying then for causes, which
   Now (forsooth) you call Progressive,
      In reaction’s Final Ditch:
   By Conservatives in caucus
      (Ardent youth, reflect on that!)
   Sent to stem the horrid raucous
      Clamours of the Democrat . . .

   No: I do not wish to quarrel
      With your high exalted sense;
   No: there isn’t any moral—
      Not of any consequence:
   Only, ’neath your exhortations
      Passive while we’re doomed to sit,
   Themes like these conduce to patience,—
      And I thought I’d mention it.


   My Tityrus! and is’t a fact
      (As wondrous facts there are)
   That History’s scenes thou wouldst enact
      Beside the banks of Cher?
   Wilt thou for pomps like these desert
      Thy calm and cloistered lair,
   Not quite so young as once thou wert,
      Nor (pardon me) so fair?

   We saw thee stalk in youthful prime
      With high Proctorial mien:
   We saw the majesty sublime
      Which marked the Junior Dean;
   O pundit grave!  O sage M.A.!
      Say in what happy part
   Thou wilt before the crowd display
      Thy histrionic art!

   With cranium bald, which ne’er again
      Will need the barber’s shear,
   Wilt thou present in Charles his train
      Some long-locked Cavalier?
   A sober Don for all to see
      Who once didst walk abroad,
   Wilt now an Ancient Briton be
      And painted blue with woad?

   Me from such scenes afar remove,
      And hide my shuddering head
   Where Nature doth in field and grove
      Her fairer pageant spread:
   There will I meditating lie
      ’Mid summer’s calm delights,—
   But thou wilt walk adown the High
      My Tityrus,—in Tights. . . .


   A Novelist, whose magic art,
   Had plumbed (’twas said) the human heart,
   Whom for the penetrative ken
   Wherewith he probed the souls of men
   The Public and the Public’s wife
   Declared synonymous with Life,—
   Sat idle, being much perplexed
   What Attitude to study next,
   Because he would not wholly tell
   Which Pose was likeliest to sell.
   To him the Muse: “Why seek afar
   For things that on the threshold are?
   Why thus evolve with care and pain
   From your imaginative brain?
   Put Artifice upon the shelf,—
   Take pen and ink, and draw—Yourself!”
   The author heard: he took the hint:
   He photographed himself in print.
   His very inmost self he drew. . . .
   The critics said, “_This_ Will Not Do.
   No more we recognize the art
   Which used to plumb the human heart,—
   This suffers from the patent vice
   Of being not Art but Artifice.
   ’Tis deeply with the fault imbued
   Of Inverisimilitude:
   He’s written out; his skill’s forgot:
   He only writes to Boil the Pot!
   It is not true; it will not wash;
   ’Tis mere imaginative Bosh;
   And if he can’t” (they told him flat)
   “Get nearer to the Life than that,
   He will not earn the Public’s pelf!”

   This happens when you draw Yourself.
   Or—I should say—it happens when
   Such portraits are essayed by Men:
   For presently a Lady came
   And did substantially the same.
   (Let everyone peruse this sequel
   Who dreams that Man is Woman’s equal),—
   She with a hand divinely free
   Drew what she thought herself to be:
   It did not much resemble Her
   In moral strength or mental stature—
   Yet did the critics all aver
   It simply teemed with Human Nature!


   In that dim and distant æon
   Known as Ante-Mycenæan,
   When the proud Pelasgian still
   Bounded on his native hill,
   And the shy Iberian dwelt
   Undisturbed by conquering Celt,
   Ere from out their Aryan home
   Came the Lords of Greece and Rome,
   Somewhere in those ancient spots
   Lived a man who painted Pots—
   Painted with an art defective,
   Quite devoid of all perspective,
   Very crude, and causing doubt
   When you tried to make them out,
   Men (at least they looked like that),
   Beasts that might be dog or cat,
   Pictures blue and pictures red,
   All that came into his head:
   Not that any tale he meant
   On the Pots to represent:
   Simply ’twas to make them smart,
   Simply Decorative Art.
   So the seasons onward hied,
   And the Painter-person died—
   But the Pot whereon he drew
   Still survived as good as new:
   Painters come and painters go,
   Art remains _in statu quo_.

   When a thousand years (perhaps)
   Had proceeded to elapse,
   Out of Time’s primeval mist
   Came an Ætiologist;
   He by shrewd and subtle guess
   Wrote Descriptive Letterpress,
   Setting forth the various causes
   For the drawings on the vases,
   All the motives, all the plots
   Of the painter of the pots,
   Entertained the nations with
   Fable, Saga, Solar Myth,
   Based upon ingenious shots
   At the Purpose of the Pots,
   Showing ages subsequent
   What the painter really meant
   (Which, of course, the painter hadn’t;
   He’d have been extremely saddened
   Had he seen his meanings missed
   By the Ætiologist).

   Next arrives the Prone to Err
   Very ancient Chronicler,
   All that mythologic lore
   Swallowing whole and wanting more,
   Crediting what wholly lacked
   All similitude of Fact,
   Building on this wondrous basis
   All we know of early races;
   So the Past as seen by him
   Furnished from its chambers dim
   Hypothetical foundations
   Whence succeeding generations
   Built, as on a basis sure,
   Branches three of Literature,
   Social Systems four (or five),
   Two Religions Primitive;
   So that one may truly say
   (Speaking in a general way)
   All the facts and all the knowledge
   Taught in School and taught in College,
   All the books the printer prints—
   Everything that’s happened since—
   Feels the influence of what
   Once was drawn upon that Pot,
   Plus the curious mental twist
   Of that Ætiologist!

   But the Pot that caused the trouble
   Lay entombed in earth and rubble,
   Left about in various places,
   In the way that early races—
   Hittites, Greeks, or Hottentots—
   Used to leave important Pots;
   Till at length, to close the list,
   Came an Archæologist,
   Came and dug with care and pain,
   Came and found the Pot again:
   Dug and delved with spade and shovel,
   Made a version wholly novel
   Of the Potman’s old design
   (Others none were genuine).
   Pots were in a special sense
   _Echt-Historisch_ Documents:
   All who Error hope to stem
   Must begin by studying them;
   So the Public (which, he said,
   Had been grievously misled)
   Must in all things freshly start
   From his views of Ancient Art.
   All (the learned man proceeded)
   Otherwise who thought than he did,
   Showed a stupid, base, untrue,
   Obscurantist point of view;
   Men like these (the sage would say)
   Should be wholly swept away;
   They, and eke the faults prodigious
   Which beset their creeds religious,
   Render totally impure
   All their so-called Literature,
   Lastly, sap to its foundation
   All their boasted education,—
   Just because they’ve quite forgot
   What was meant, and what was not,
   By the Painter of the Pot!

                                  * * * * *

   Pots are long and life is fleeting;
   Artists, when their subjects treating,
   Should be very, very far
   Carefuller than now they are.


   When by efforts literary you might scale the summits airy
      Which the eminent in fiction are ascending every day,
   Why obscurely crawl and grovel?—I will write (I said) a Novel!
      So I started and I planned it in the ordinary way.

   I’d a Heroine—a creature of resplendent form and feature,
      With a spell in every motion and a charm in every look:
   I’d a Villain—worse than Nero,—I’d a most superior Hero:
      And the host of minor persons which is needed in a book:

   Each was drawn from observation: yet was each a pure creation
      Which revealed at once the genius of originating mind:
   Not a man and not a woman but combined the Broadly Human
      With a something quite peculiar of an interesting kind:

   What a wealth of meaning inner in the things they said at dinner!
      How their conversation sparkled (like the ripples on the deep),
   Half disclosing, half concealing a Profundity of Feeling
      Which would move the gay to laughter and incite the grave to weep!

   There they stood in grace and vigour, each imaginary figure,
      Each a masterpiece of drawing for the world to wonder at:
   There was really nothing more I had to find but just the story,
      Nothing more, but just the story—but I couldn’t think of that.

   Yet (I cried), in other writers, how the lovers and the fighters
      Are conducted through the mazes of a complicated plan,—
   How the incidents are planted just precisely where they’re wanted—
      How the man invites the moment, and the moment finds the man!

   How a Barrie or a Kipling guides the maiden and the stripling
      Till they’re ultimately landed in the matrimonial state,—
   And they die, or else they marry (in a Kipling or a Barrie)
      Just as if the thing was ordered by unalterable Fate,—

   While with me, alas! to balance my innumerable talents,
      There’s a fatal imperfection and a melancholy blot:
   All the forms of my creating stand continually waiting
      For a charitable person to provide them with a Plot!

   Still I put the endless query why I wander lone and dreary
      (Barred from Eden like the Peri) minus fame and minus fee,
   Why the idols of the masses have an entrée to Parnassus,
      While a want of mere invention is an obstacle to me!


   Arise, my _Muse_, and ply th’ extended Wing!
   It is of Language that I mean to sing.
   Thou mighty Medium, potent to convey
   The clearest Notions in the darkest Way,
   Diffus’d by thee, what Depth of verbal Mist
   Veils now the Realist, now th’ Idealist!
   Our mental Processes more complex grow
   Than those our Sires were privileged to know.
   In Ages old, ere Time Instruction brought,
   A Thought or Thing was but a Thing or Thought:
   Such simple Names are now forever gone—
   A Concept this, that a Noümenon:
   As _Cambria’s_ Sons their Pride of Race increase
   By joining _Ap_ to _Evan_, _Jones_, or _Rees_,
   A prouder Halo decks the Sage’s Brow,
   Perceptive once, he’s Apperceptive now!
   Here sits Mentality (that erst was Mind),
   By correlated Entities defin’d:
   Here Monads lone Duality express
   In bright Immediacy of Consciousness:
   O who shall say what Obstacles deter
   The Youth who’d fain commence Philosopher!
   The painful Public with bewilder’d Brain
   For Metaphysic pants, but pants in vain:
   Too hard the Names, too weighty far the Load:
   Language forbids, and _Br-dl-y_ blocks the Road.
   From Themes like these I willingly depart,
   And pass (discursive) to the Realms of Art.
   Ye _Muses_ nine! what Phrases ye employ,
   What wondrous Terms t’ express æsthetic Joy!
   As once in Years ere _Babel’s_ Turrets rose
   Contented Nations talk’d the self-same Prose:
   As early _Christians_ in the Days of Yore
   Took what they wanted from a common Store:
   So different Arts th’ astonished Reader sees
   Pool all their Terms, then choose whate’er they please.
   ’Mid critick Crews (where Intellect abounds)
   Sound sings in Colours, Colours shine in Sounds:
   When mimick Groves _Apelles_ decks with green,
   Or _Zeuxis_ limns the vespertinal Scene,
   _Staccato Tints_ delight th’ auscultant Eye
   And soft _Andantes_ paint the conscious Sky:
   Nor less, when Musick holds the list’ning Throng,
   How crisply lucent glows th’ entrancing Song!
   Each loud _Sonata_ boasts its lively Hue,
   And _Fugues_ are red, and _Symphonies_ are blue.
   Not mine to deem your Epithets misplac’d,
   Ye learned Arbiters of publick Taste!
   Yet such th’ Effect on merely human Wit,
   That _Esperanto_ is a Joke to it.

   Hail, Terminology! celestial Maid!
   Portress of Science, Guide to Art and Trade!
   I see Democracy—an ardent Band
   Who fain would read yet wish to understand—
   Compell’d that Goal in alien Tongues to seek,
   Fly for Relief to _Necessary Greek_,
   Claim as their Right (advised by _Mr. Snow_)
   The sweet Simplicity of ὁ ἡ τό,—
   While Dons con English till they’re pale and lean,
   And Candidates in _Mods_ do English for Unseen!


   Relate, my Muse, the fame of him
      Whose calling and peculiar mission
   It was to wage with courage grim
      A battle ’gainst effete Tradition!
   When Movements moved, with holy zest
      He scaled the breach and led the stormers,—
   And was among the first and best
      Of Educational Reformers.

   He saw the Boy at Public Schools
      Regard his books with fear and loathing,
   From Latin’s arbitrary rules
      Deriving practically nothing:—
   He said,—“O bounding human Boys,
      Of all the fare whereon you batten,
   What chiefly mars your simple joys?”
      With one accord they answered “Latin!”

   “Exactly so,” th’ Inquirer cried,
      “This is the lore which cramps and stunts us;
   O how can pedagogues abide
      A course that makes their pupils dunces?
   Since with the rules of Latin Prose
      They can’t be brought to yield compliance,
   This Fact conclusively it shows—
      They’ve all a natural bent for Science!”

   They sought for Scientific Truth,
      And pedagogues with books and birches
   Guided the faltering steps of Youth
      In biological researches:
   The infant in his nurse’s care
      In Science’ terms was taught to stammer:
   They practised vivisection where
      They used to cut their Latin grammar;

   ’Twas all in vain—the Human Boy
      Remained unalterably chilly:
   Still less than Virgil’s tale of Troy
      He liked compulsory bacilli!
   Much grieved the Zealot was thereat:—
      “We’ll try,” he said, “a course of Spelling” . . .
   But O, the way they hated that
      Quite overcomes my power of telling!

   “There must be ways,” the good man said,
      “(Though hitherto perhaps we’ve missed ’em)
   Of putting things within the head:
      We’ve something wrong about the System:”
   And musing on the sacred flame
      Of Genius, and the cause that hid it,
   He unto this conclusion came—
      COMPULSION was the thing that did it.

   “Within the Boy’s aspiring brain
      For Study still there lies a craving,
   And what is won against the grain
      Is never really worth the having;
   This boasted Categorical
      Imperative is clearly vicious,—
   Pastors and masters, one and all,
      Must ascertain their pupils’ wishes!”

   And now those simple human Boys,—
      All, to a boy, for Culture yearning,—
   No pedagogues with idle noise
      Impede upon the path of Learning:—
   Released from books and teachers both,
      No intellectual pastures feed ’em;
   And, if they lose in mental growth,
      Think how they gain in moral freedom!


                          _Of a Cheerful Hope_.

   Whene’er you do to Meetings go, as many such there be
   (And few and far those persons are who home return to tea),
   Then take with you this principle, to cheer you on your way—
   The less there is to talk about, the more there is to say.

                            _Of an Exordium_.

   Consult your hearers’ happiness, and state for their relief
   That you’ll avoid prolixity and study to be brief:
   For if you can’t be brief at once, ’twill comfort them to know
   That you’ll arrive at brevity in half an hour or so.

                         _Of Obedience to Rule_.

   Should e’er the Chairman censure you, as Chairmen oft will do,
   And tell you that you miss the point, and bid you keep thereto,
   (Though points are things, by Euclid’s law, that always must be
   They have no parts or magnitude, and therefore don’t exist)—
   Obey at once the Chairman’s hest (because, as you’re aware,
   It is a most improper thing to argue with the Chair),
   Accept his ruling patiently, without superfluous fuss,
   And state the things you _might_ have said—unless he’d ruled it thus.

                            _Of a Peroration_.

   And when you’ve spent your arguments yet somehow still go on
   (It shows a want of enterprise to stop because you’ve done),
   Don’t search about for topics new or vex your weary brain,
   But take what someone else has said and say it all again.

                            _Of Impartiality_.

   And when at last your speech is o’er, be careful if you can
   That none may hint—a horrid charge—that you’re a Party Man:
   So speak for this and speak for that as blithely as you may,
   But keep your mental balance true, and
               Vote the other Way.


   Two youths there were in days of yore
      Called Jones and Robinson.
   Jones had abilities galore,
      While Robinson had none.

   They met with corresponding fates:
      And Jones, that genius proud,
   Obtained in time a First in Greats:
      While Robinson was ploughed.

   Jones hoped that mental gifts like his
      Might gain a Fellowship:
   But ah! full many a slip there is
      Between the cup and lip:

   “You have a brain,” the College said,
      “Which unassisted soars:
   ’Tis not for Colleges to aid
      Abilities like yours!

   Go—wealth awaits your gathering hand,
      And empires crave your rule!
   But Fellowships like ours are planned
      To help the helpless fool.”

   He tried the Press: he tried the Bar:
      But still the Bar and Press
   Said, “Not for him our openings are
      Whose gifts ensure success:

   Such posts are meant (’tis justice plain)
      For those unhappy chaps
   (Like Robinson) whom lack of brain
      Unfairly handicaps!”

   And now—yet check the rising tear:
      It seems that long ago
   Those Founders whom we all revere
      Meant it to happen so—

   Some lack of necessary food,
      All in a garret lone,
   Has ended Jones.  I thought it would.
      But Robinson’s a DON.


                             BY LAMBDA MINUS

   A rumour and rumbling volcanic
      Is heard in the Radical Press,
   And Presidents tremble in panic
      And Wardens their terrors confess:
   How each with anxiety shivers,
      The Dean with his fines and his gates,
   The ruffian who ragged me in Divvers,
      The pedant who ploughed me in Greats!

   The doctrines degrading they taught, and
      The Progress they nipped in the bud:
   The things that they did when they oughtn’t
      And failed to perform when they should:
   The Questions prevented from burning,
      The Movements forbidden to move,
   Recoil on their centres of learning,
      Their Parks and the System thereof!

   Afar will Democracy chase it,
      That gang of impenitent Dons
   Who drowned the occasional Placet
      By bawling their truculent Nons:
   No idle and opulent College
      Will feed that obstructionist clique,
   Those scoffers at Practical Knowledge
      Who vote for compulsory Greek.

   And now when the Party of Labour,
      Asserting its virtuous sway,
   Annexes the wealth of its neighbour
      In Labour’s traditional way,—
   When purged of its various abuses
      By Birrell’s beneficent rule,
   This haunt of the obsolete Muses
      Is changed to a charity school,—

   When Fellows and bloated Professors
      Their stipends are forced to disgorge,
   (Obeying the fiat of Messrs.
      Keir Hardie and Burns and Lloyd George)
   Deprived by the wrath of the Nation
      Of all their unmerited aids,
   Perhaps to escape from starvation
      They’ll take to respectable trades!

   O wholly delectable vision!
      I view with excusable glee
   The fate of the shallow precisian
      Who failed to appreciate Me;—
   I fancy I see myself tossing
      With blandly contemptuous mien
   A penny for sweeping a crossing
      To him who was formerly Dean!


(“Education differs from technical training.”—Expert opinion in a letter
to the _Times_.)

   Not in vain with quaint devices
      Infants of the age of four
   Build their mimic edifices
      All upon the nursery floor;
   Neither is the presage missed
   By the Educationist,
   When he doth the fact recall
   How that Balbus built a wall!

   Thus I mused on such-like theses,
      While my errant fancy swam
   Through the circumambient breezes
      To the silver streams of Cam,—
   There observed with pleased surprise
   Ancient Universities
   Still in touch at every stage
   With the Progress of the Age;

   There, released from sloth and coma
      (Alma Mater’s chief defect),
   There they grant a new Diploma
      To the budding Architect,
   Take the blighted Builder’s art
   To their academic heart,
   Hope it may in time become
   Part of their curriculum:

   There they tell their College Porters
      Not to think it strange or odd
   When a load of bricks and mortar’s
      Dumped within the College quad;
   No indignant Tutor hauls
   Him who scales the College walls,—
   Plying on that airy perch
   Architectural Research!

   Thus I sang: I seemed to see an
      Epoch made, the Future’s guide;
   But my glad exultant pæan
      Was not wholly justified:
   Men whose names we all revere,
   Stars in Architecture’s sphere,
   Phrases used which don’t imply
   Any genuine sympathy:

   Ch---mpn---ys, Bl---mfield, T. G. J---cks---n,
      Hushed my lyre’s triumphant string—
   Said in limpid Anglo-Saxon
      What they thought about the thing:
   “Seats of learning are designed
   For to Educate the Mind,
   Not to teach a craft or trade,”
   _That_ was what these persons said!

   What! and must a thwarted Nation
      Draw the obvious inference?
   What! a Liberal Education
      Doesn’t mean the quest of pence?
   (Really, this extremely crude
   Obscurantist attitude
   Isn’t quite what one expects
   From distinguished Architects!)

   Here’s another dear illusion
      Reft away and wholly gone:
   O the spiritual confusion
      Of the pained progressive Don!
   If the facts are quite correct
   As regards the Architect,
   Comes the question, plain and clear,
   _How about the Engineer_?


   Now is the time when everything is glad,
   Their vernal greenery the fields renew,
      Each feathered songster chants with livelier tone,
   And lambkins leap and cloudless skies are blue,
      And all is gay and cheerful:—I alone
            Am singularly sad;
   Mine erstwhile happiness and calm content
      Yields to a sense of sorrowful surprise:
      Things that I thought were thus, are otherwise:
   And all is grief, and disillusionment.

   For He, who did in everything surpass
   Our common world,—the Good, the Truly Great,
      The Working Man, who shamed with standards high
   Our obscurantists unregenerate,—
      Is not, ’twould seem, better than you, or I,
         Or any other ass:
   The vision’s faded, as a snowflake melts;
      Fallen is that idol from his high renown:
      He hath waxed fat, and kicked, and tumbled down,
   And we must seek ensamples somewhere else!

   Where is it, Comrades! in this direful day—
   That noble zeal for academic lore,
      That reverence due for discipline, in which
   He used to shine conspicuously o’er
      The Brainless Athlete and the Idle Rich?
         O, does he now display
   That ample breadth of calm impartial view,
      That sober judgment and that balanced mind,
      Which we were taught that we should always find,
   O R---skin College, domiciled in you?

   I have a Pupil: when his mental food
   Fails (as it will) his appetite to sate,
      What! does that patient much-enduring elf
   Proclaim a strike? set pickets at my gate?
      Boycott my lectures? give them for himself?
         (Full oft I wish he would:)
   Nay—when he finds those lectures dull and flat,
      He asks no other: new ones might be worse:
      Too well he knows that Cosmos’ ordered course
   Meant him to hear, and me to talk like that.

   Also I own I’m disappointed by
   Your friends and patrons, British Working Man!
      For they, methought, were champions of the Cause,
   Fighters for Freedom, foremost in the van,
      Not servile scruplers, bound by rules and laws,
         Not men who dealt in dry
   Respectable traditions: leaders true,
      No timid Moderates, who would define
      Too strict a boundary ’twixt Mine and Thine,
   Potential martyrs, heart and soul with you:—

   ’Twas all illusion: they would feed you with
   Mere talks on Temperance: when your spirit’s wings
      Would soar to Sociology alone,
   Whereby will come that blessed state of things
      When none has property to call his own,
         They give you—Adam Smith . . .
   These too are fall’n: ah me, that I should live
      To hear our brightest Radicals and best
      By angry Labour in such terms addressed
   As might apply to a Conservative!

   To this conclusion I perforce must come,
   ’Twere best we parted: seeing that we, ’twould seem,
      Haply have no appreciation of
   Your high ambitions and your aims supreme,
      Nor can we hope that you should greatly love
         Our mental pabulum:
   Depart, O Comrades! to some happier sphere
      Where you can still be nobly on the make,
      And mine, or plumb, or brew, or butch, or bake,—
   Best to depart, and leave us mouldering here!

   Yea, if ye scorn our learning overmuch,
   Misguided sons of horny-handed toil!
      Yet discontented with your lowly lot
   Still pine to burn the sad nocturnal oil
      ’Mid academic culture, or ’mid what
         Describes itself as such—
   Go elsewhere, O my brothers! only go
      To Bath, to Birmingham—where’er the Don
      Teaches the sacred art of Getting On,——
   —It is not far from here to Jericho.


   It is Research of which I sing,
   Research, that salutary thing!
   None can succeed, in World or Church,
   Who does not prosecute Research:
      For some read books, and toil thereat
         Their intellect to waken:
      But if you think Research is _that_
         You’re very much mistaken.

   All in Columbia’s blesséd States
   They have no Smalls, or Mods, or Greats,
   Nor do their faculties benumb
   With any cold curriculum:
      O no! for there the ambitious Boy,
         Released from schools and birches,
      At once pursues with studious joy
         Original Researches:

   A happy lot that Student’s is,
   —I wish that mine were like to his,—
   Where in the bud no pedants nip
   His Services to Scholarship:
      And none need read with care and pain
         Rome’s History, or Greece’s,
      But each from his creative brain
         Evolves semestrial Theses!

   On books to pore is not the kind
   Of thing to please the serious mind,—
   I do not very greatly care
   For such unsatisfying fare:
      To seek the lore that in them lurks
         Would last _ad infinitum_:
      Let others read immortal works,—
         I much prefer to write ’em!


   When I ponder o’er the pages of the old romantic ages, ere the world
   grew cold and gray,
   When there wasn’t a relation between Oxford and the Nation, or a
   Movement every day,
   How I marvel at the glamour (in these duller days and tamer) which
   informed those scenes of glee,
   At the glamour and the glory of contemporary story, and the Eights as
   they used to be!

   It is obvious that the weather must have differed altogether from the
   kind that now we know:
   I arise from reading Fiction with the permanent conviction that it did
   not hail, nor snow:
   For each fair and youthful charmer had a summer sun to warm her and a
   bran new frock and hat,—
   In the progress of the lustres, when the crowd of Fashion musters it
   has grown too wise for that.

   Every boat from keel to rigger was a grand ideal figure as it skimmed
   those Wavelets Blue,
   While the Heroes who propelled ’em were comparatively seldom of a
   commonplace type, like you—
   In their strength and in their science they were positively giants,
   through the gorgeous days of old,
   Still an Admirable Crichton in those _lieben alten Zeiten_ was the
   oarsman brave and bold:

   He could row devoid of training, and (it hardly needs explaining) got
   a quite unique degree:
   With his blushing honours laden, he espoused a lovely maiden at the
   end of Volume Three:
   This alone he had to grieve for—that he’d nothing more to live for, or
   expect from Fortune’s whim:
   For I never could discover, when his Oxford days were over, what the
   world could hold for him!

   O the rapture singlehearted of that Period has departed, with its
   views ornate of Man,
   And I think it won’t come back till we restore the Pterodactyl, or
   revive the late Queen Anne:
   We have grown in mental stature, and we Go Direct to Nature, in these
   days of stress and strife,
   And the hero of a novel in a palace or a hovel is intolerably True to

   Not an infant learns to toddle but EFFICIENCY’S his model, which he
   still pursues with rage,
   In a manner inconsistent with the methods dim and distant of that
   mid-Victorian age:
   For that atmosphere Elysian it has faded from our vision and has gone
   where the old tales go,
   And I really don’t know whether I regret altogether—but the simple
   fact is so.


   Minstrels! who your choicest notes
   Keep for men who row in boats,
   Mark with what exalted mien
   Comes the Hero of the Scene!
   He, amid the festal swarm,
   Fashion’s glass and mould of form,
   How in shape and how in features
   Far surpassing other creatures,
   How incomparable to
   Common things like me and you!
   He in whose transcendent state
   All the ages culminate—
   Could we ever keep him thus,
   How delightful ’twere for us!
   Could he, ’mid the admiring throng,
   Ever beauteous, ever young,
   Still abide for ever pent
   In his true environment,
   Wear that aureole still which now
   Decks his high victorious brow!
      Out, alas! that Fortune can’t
   Ever give us what we want!
   HE must quit this vernal stage:
   HE must sink to middle age
   (E’en the Poet’s soaring wit
   Scarcely can envisage it):
   Go with men of common clay
   In to business every day:
   Be perhaps a Brewer, or
   Haply a Solicitor,—
   None the fact to notice that
   Haloes once adorned his hat:
   Ay! the ways of Fate are odd:
   Men are mortal . . .  Ichabod . . .

                                  * * * * *

   Yet shall stay by stream and tree
   Something still of what was He,—
   Plainly put, his More or Less
   Immaterial Consciousness,—
   Very fine and very large,
   Floating o’er his College barge:
   Always while the world continues
   Bards shall sing his thews and sinews,—
   Here he rowed and here he ran,
   Being rather more than man;—
   Thus as ages onward go
   Still he’ll great and greater grow,
   Larger still in prose or rhyme
   Looming down the aisles of time,
   Till he sit, sublime and vast,
   ’Mid the Giants of the Past,
   Men who lived in days of old
   (Ch-tty, W- -dg-te, N-ck-lls, G-ld),
   Lived and rowed in ages dark
   Long ere Noah built the Ark,
   Very, very famous oars,
   Mighty men in Eights and Fours,
   Towering o’er our Browns and Smiths
   Huge and grey, like Monoliths.

      Thus the Hero’s happy fate
   Keeps in store a blissful state,
   All adown the Future dim,
   Nearly worthy e’en of Him!


   Dear Youth! whose wealth and lineage high
      Each outward sign denotes,
   The highly fashionable tie,
      The latest thing in coats—
   Imprinted on whose candid brow
      No gazer could detect
   (As e’en your enemies allow)
      The Pride of Intellect—

   Who, ’spite your want of mental scope
      And lack of Serious Aim,
   Still left us, as we dared to hope,
      More pensive than you came,
   And thus at least, while critics vied
      In pointing out our flaws,
   For our continuance supplied
      A kind of Final Cause:—

   Your part is played, your turn is o’er:
      Prepare to quit the stage:
   It seems you’re not the person for
      The Spirit of the Age:
   Though high your birth, though large your means,
      I see—’tis sad, but true—
   Soon, ’mid these academic scenes,
      No corner left for you!

   Ah! what avail the things that went
      To build your prosperous lot,
   The ample cash, the long descent,
      The athlete’s frequent pot,
   The waistcoat bright of ardent red
      Or fascinating green,
   The social charm that captive led
      The Provost, and the Dean?

   I see the Cherwell’s peaceful flood,
      I see the courts of King’s
   Invaded by a student brood
      Which knows all kinds of things—
   A crowd with high desires replete,
      Whose recreations are
   To sit at Professorial feet
      And join a Seminar:

   Bright Butterfly! your haunts of old
      Are tenanted by men
   Who realise what studies mould
      Th’ Efficient Citizen . . .
   These shall alone the blessings know
      Of Isis and of Cam,
   And You (I’m sure ’tis better so)
      Will go to—Birmingham!


   Lo, where yon undistinguished grave
      Erects its grassy pile on
   One who to all Experience gave
      An Alpha or Epsilon!

   The world and eke the world’s content,
      And all therein that passes,
   With marks numerical (per cent.)
      He did dispose in classes:

   Not his to ape the critic crew
      Which vulgarly appraises
   The Good, the Beautiful, the True
      In literary phrases:

   He did his estimate express
      In terms precise and weighty,—
   And Vice got 25 (or less,)
      While Virtue rose to 80.

   Now hath he closed his earthly lot
      All in his final haven,—
   (And be the stone that marks the spot
      _On one side only_ graven,)

   Bring papers on his grave to strew
      Amid the grass and clover,
   And plant thereby that pencil blue
      Wherewith he looked them over!

   There, freed from every human ill
      And fleshly trammels gross, he
   Lies in his resting-place until
      The final Viva Voce:

   So let him rest till crack of doom
      Of mortal tasks aweary,—
   And nothing write upon his tomb
      Save β—(?).

                                 THE END

                                * * * * *



{24}  1897

{77}  1900.

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