By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: The Banshee
Author: O'Donnell, Elliott, 1872-1965
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Banshee" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

Internet Archive/American Libraries

Note: Images of the original pages are available through
      Internet Archive/American Libraries. See




Author of "Haunted Places in England," "The Irish Abroad,"
"Twenty Years Experiences As a Ghost Hunter," Etc., Etc.

London and Edinburgh
Sands & Company


  CHAP.                                         PAGE


    II. SOME HISTORICAL BANSHEES                  20

   III. THE MALEVOLENT BANSHEE                    35

    IV. THE BANSHEE ABROAD                        51

     V. CASES OF MISTAKEN IDENTITY                62


   VII. A SIMILAR CASE FROM SPAIN                 98


    IX. THE BANSHEE AT SEA                       136



   XII. THE BANSHEE IN SCOTLAND                  196


        ADDENDA                                  247




In a country, such as Ireland, that is characterised by an arrestive and
wildly beautiful scenery, it is not at all surprising to find something in
the nature of a ghost harmonising with the general atmosphere and
surroundings, and that something, apparently so natural to Ireland, is the

The name Banshee seems to be a contraction of the Irish Bean Sidhe, which
is interpreted by some writers on the subject "A Woman of the Faire Race,"
whilst by various other writers it is said to signify "The Lady of Death,"
"The Woman of Sorrow," "The Spirit of the Air," and "The Woman of the

It is strictly a family ghost, and most authorities agree that it only
haunts families of very ancient Irish lineage. Mr McAnnaly, for instance,
remarks (in the chapter on Banshees in his "Irish Wonders"): "The Banshee
attends only the old families, and though their descendants, through
misfortune, may be brought down from high estate to ranks of peasant
farmers, she never leaves nor forgets them till the last member has been
gathered to his fathers in the churchyard."

A writer in the _Journal of the Cork Historical and Archæological Society_
(Vol. V., No. 44, pp. 227-229) quotes an extract from a work entitled
"Kerry Records," in which the following passage, relating to an elegiac
poem written by Pierse Ferriter on Maurice Fitzgerald, occurs: "Aina, the
Banshee who never wailed for any families who were not of Milesian blood,
except the Geraldines, who became 'more Irish than the Irish themselves';
and in a footnote (see p. 229) it is only 'blood' that can have a Banshee.
Business men nowadays have something as good as 'blood'--they have 'brains
and brass,' by which they can compete with and enter into the oldest
families in England and Ireland. Nothing, however, in an Irishman's
estimation, can replace 'blue blood.'"

Sir Walter Scott, too, emphasises this point, and is even more specific
and arbitrary. He confines the Banshee to families of pure Milesian stock,
and declares it is never to be found attached to the descendants of the
multitudinous English and Scotch settlers who have, from time to time,
migrated to Ireland; nor even to the descendants of the Norman adventurers
who accompanied Strongbow to the Green Isle in the twelfth century.

Lady Wilde[1] goes to the other extreme and allows considerable latitude.
She affirms that the Banshee attaches itself not only to certain families
of historic lineage, but also to persons gifted with song and music. For
my own part I am inclined to adopt a middle course; I do not believe that
the Banshee would be deterred from haunting a family of historical fame
and Milesian descent--such as the O'Neills or O'Donnells--simply because
in that family was an occasional strain of Saxon or Norman blood, but, on
the other hand, I do not think the Banshee would ever haunt a family that
was not originally at least Celtic Irish--such, for instance, as the
Fitz-Williams or Fitz-Warrens--although in that family there might happen
to be periodic infusions of Milesian blood.

I disagree, _in toto_, with Lady Wilde's theory that, occasionally, the
Banshee haunts a person who is extremely poetical and musical, simply
because he happens to be thus talented. In my opinion, to be haunted by
the Banshee one must belong to an Irish family that is, at least, a
thousand years old; were it not so, we should assuredly find the Banshee
haunting certain of the musical and poetical geniuses of every race all
over the world--black and yellow, perhaps, no less than white--which
certainly is not the case.

The Banshee, however, as Mr McAnnaly says, does, sometimes, travel; it
travels when, and only when, it accompanies abroad one of the most ancient
of the Irish families; otherwise it stays in Ireland, where, owing to the
fact that there are few of the really old Irish families left, its
demonstrations are becoming more and more rare.

It may, perhaps, be said that in Dublin, Cork, and other of the Irish
towns one may still come across a very fair percentage of O's and Macs.
That, undoubtedly, is true, but, at the same time, it must be borne in
mind that these prefixes do not invariably denote the true Irishman, since
many families yclept Thompson, Walker, and Smith, merely on the strength
of having lived in Ireland for two or three generations, have adopted an
Irish--and in some cases, even, a Celtic Irish name, relying upon their
knowledge of a few Celtic words picked up from books, or from attending
some of the numerous classes now being held in nearly all the big towns,
and which are presided over by teachers who are also, for the most part,
merely pseudo-Irish--to give colour to their claim. Such a pretence,
however, does not deceive those who are really Irish, neither does it
deceive the Banshee, and the latter, I am quite sure, would never be
persuaded to follow the fortunes of any Anglo-Saxon, or Scotch, Dick, Tom,
or Harry, no matter how clever and convincing their camouflage might be.

Once again, then, the Banshee confines itself solely to families of
_bona-fide_ ancient Irish descent. As to its origin, in spite of arbitrary
assertions made by certain people, none of whom, by the way, are of Irish
extraction--that no one knows. As a matter of fact the Banshee has a
number of origins, for there is not one Banshee only--as so many people
seem to think--but many; each clan possessing a Banshee of its own. The
O'Donnell Banshee, for example, that is to say the Banshee attached to our
branch of the clan, and to which I can testify from personal experience,
is, I believe, very different in appearance, and in its manner of making
itself known, from the Banshee of the O'Reardons, as described by Mr
McAnnaly; whilst the Banshee of a certain branch of the O'Flahertys,
according to this same authority, differs essentially from that of a
branch of the O'Neills. Mr McAnnaly says the Banshee "is really a
disembodied soul, that of one who, in life, was strongly attached to the
family, or who had good reason to hate all its members." This definition,
of course, may apply in some cases, but it certainly does not apply in
all, and it is absurd to be dogmatic on a subject, concerning which it is
quite impossible to obtain a very great deal of information. At the most,
Mr McAnnaly can only speak with certainty of the comparatively few cases
of Banshees that have come under his observation; there are, I think,
scores of which he has never even heard. I myself know of several Banshee
hauntings in which the phantom certainly cannot be that of any member of
the human race; its features and proportions absolutely negative such a
possibility, and I should have no hesitation in affirming that, in these
cases, the phantom is what is commonly known as an elemental, or what I
have termed in previous of my works, a neutrarian, that is a spirit that
has never inhabited any material body, and which belongs to a species
entirely distinct from man. On the other hand, several cases of Banshee
hauntings I have come across undoubtedly admit the possibility of the
phantom being that of a woman belonging to the human race, albeit to a
very ancient and long since obsolete section of it; whilst a few, only,
allow of the probability of the phantom being that of a woman, also
human, but belonging to a very much later date.

Certainly, as Mr McAnnaly stated, Banshees may be divided into two main
classes, the Friendly Banshees and the Hateful Banshees; the former
exhibiting sorrow on their advent, and the latter, exultation. But these
classes are capable of almost endless sub-division; the only feature they
possess in common being a vague something that strongly suggests the
feminine sex. In most cases the cause of the hauntings can only be a
matter of conjecture. Affection or crime may account for some, but, for
the origin of others, I believe one must look in a totally different
direction. For instance, one might, perhaps, see some solution in sorcery
and witchcraft, since there must be many families, who, in bygone days,
dabbled in those pursuits, that are now Banshee ridden.

Or, again, granted there is some truth in the theory of Atlantis, the
theory that a whole continent was submerged owing to the wickedness of its
inhabitants, who were all more or less adepts in necromancy--the most
ancient of the Irish, the so-called Milesian clans who are known to have
practised sorcery, might well be identical with the survivors of that
great cataclysm, and have brought with them to the Green Island spirits
which have stuck to their descendants ever since.

I think one may dismiss Mr C. W. Leadbeater's[2] and other writers' (of
the same would-be authoritative order) assertion that family ghosts may be
either a thought-form or an unusually vivid impression in the astral
light, as absurd. Spiritualists and others, who blindly reverence
highfalutin phraseology, however empty it may be, might be satisfied with
such an explanation, but not so those who have had actual experience with
the ghost in question.

Whatever else the Banshee may, or may not be, it is most certainly a
denizen of a world quite distinct from ours; it is, besides, a being that
has prophetic powers (which would not be the case if it were a mere
thought-form or impression), and it is by no means a mere automaton.

Some Banshees represent very beautiful women--women with long, luxuriant
tresses, either of raven black, or burnished copper, or brilliant gold,
and whose star-like eyes, full of tender pity, are either dark and
tearful, or of the most exquisite blue or grey; some, again, are haggish,
wild, dishevelled-looking creatures, whose appearance suggests the utmost
squalor, foulness, and despair; whilst a few, fortunately, I think, only
a few, take the form of something that is wholly diabolical, and
frightful, and terrifying in the extreme.

As a rule, however, the Banshee is not seen, it is only heard, and it
announces its advent in a variety of ways; sometimes by groaning,
sometimes by wailing, and sometimes by uttering the most blood-curdling of
screams, which I can only liken to the screams a woman might make if she
were being done to death in a very cruel and violent manner. Occasionally
I have heard of Banshees clapping their hands, and tapping and scratching
at walls and window-panes, and, not infrequently, I have heard of them
signalling their arrival by terrific crashes and thumps. Also, I have met
with the Banshee that simply chuckles--a low, short, but terribly
expressive chuckle, that makes ten times more impression on the mind of
the hearer than any other ghostly sound he has heard, and which no lapse
of time is ever able to efface from his memory.

I, for one, have heard the sound, and as I sit here penning these lines, I
fancy I can hear it again--a Satanic chuckle, a chuckle full of mockery,
as if made by one who was in the full knowledge of coming events, of
events that would present an extremely unpleasant surprise. And, in my
case, the unpleasant surprise came. I have always been a believer in a
spirit world--in the unknown--but had I been ever so sceptical previously,
after hearing that chuckle, I am quite sure I should have been converted.

In concluding this chapter I must refer once again to Mr McAnnaly, who, in
his "Irish Wonders," records a very remarkable instance of a number of
Banshees manifesting themselves simultaneously. He says that the
demonstrations occurred before the death of a member of the Galway
O'Flahertys "some years ago."[3] The doomed one, he states, was a lady of
the most unusual piety, who, though ill at the time, was not thought to be
seriously ill. Indeed, she got so much better that several of her
acquaintances came to her room to enliven her convalescence, and it was
when they were there, all talking together merrily, that singing was
suddenly heard, apparently outside the window. They listened, and could
distinctly hear a choir of very sweet voices singing some extraordinarily
plaintive air, which made them turn pale and look at one another
apprehensively, for they all felt intuitively it was a chorus of Banshees.
Nor were their surmises incorrect, for the patient unexpectedly developed
pleurisy, and died within a few days, the same choir of spirit voices
being again heard at the moment of physical dissolution.

But as Mr McAnnaly states, the ill-fated lady was of singular purity,
which doubtless explains the reason why, in my researches, I have never
come across a parallel case.



Amongst the most popular cases of Banshee haunting both published and
unpublished is that related by Ann, Lady Fanshawe, in her Memoirs. It
seems that Lady Fanshawe experienced this haunting when on a visit to Lady
Honora O'Brien, daughter of Henry, fifth Earl of Thomond,[4] who was then,
in all probability, residing at the ancient castle of Lemaneagh, near Lake
Inchiquin, about thirty miles north-west of Limerick. Retiring to rest
somewhat early the first night of her sojourn there, she was awakened at
about one o'clock by the sound of a voice, and, drawing aside the hangings
of the bed, she perceived, looking in through the window at her, the face
of a woman. The moonlight being very strong and fully focussed on it, she
could see every feature with startling distinctness; but at the same time
her attention was apparently riveted on the extraordinary pallor of the
cheeks and the intense redness of the hair. Then, to quote her own words,
the apparition "spake loud, and in a tone I never heard, thrice 'Ahone,'
and then with a sigh, more like wind than breath, she vanished, and to me
her body looked more like a thick cloud than substance.

"I was so much affrighted that my hair stood on end, and my night clothes
fell off. I pulled and pinched your father, who never awaked during this
disorder I was in, but at last was much surprised to find me in this
fright, and more when I related the story and showed him the window
opened; but he entertained me with telling how much more these apparitions
were usual in that country than in England."

The following morning Lady Honora, who did not appear to have been to bed,
informed Lady Fanshawe that a cousin of hers had died in the house at
about two o'clock in the morning; and expressed a hope that Lady Fanshawe
had not been subjected to any disturbances.

"When any die of this family," she said by way of explanation, "there is
the shape of a woman appears in this window every night until they be

She went on to add that the apparition was believed to be that of a woman
who, centuries before, had been seduced by the owner of the castle and
murdered, her body being buried under the window of the room in which Lady
Fanshawe had slept.

"But truly," she remarked, by way of apology, "I thought not of it when I
lodged you here."

Another well-known case of the Banshee is that relating to the O'Flahertys
of Galway, reference being made to the case by Mr McAnnaly in his work
entitled "Irish Wonders." In the days of much inter-clan fighting in
Ireland, when the O'Neills frequently embarked on crusades against their
alternate friends and enemies the O'Donnells, and the O'Rourks[5] embarked
on similar crusades against the O'Donovans, it so happened that one night
the chief of the O'Flahertys, arrayed in all the brilliance of a new suit
of armour, and feeling more than usually cheerful and fit, marched out of
his castle at the head of a numerous body of his retainers, who were all,
like their chief, in good spirits, and talking and singing gaily. They had
not proceeded far, however, when a sudden and quite inexplicable silence
ensued--a silence that was abruptly broken by a series of agonising
screams, that seemed to come from just over their heads. Instantly
everyone was sobered, and naturally looked up, expecting to see something
that would explain the extraordinary and terrifying disturbance; nothing,
however, was to be seen, nothing but a vast expanse of cloudless sky,
innumerable scintillating stars, and the moon which was shining forth in
all the serene majesty of its zenith. Yet, despite the fact that nothing
was visible, everyone felt a presence that was at once sorrowful and
weird, and which one and all instinctively knew was the Banshee, the
attendant spirit of the O'Flahertys, come to warn them of some approaching

The next night, when the chieftain and his followers were again sallying
forth, the same thing happened, but, after that, nothing of a similar
nature occurred for about a month. Then the wife of the O'Flaherty, during
the absence of her husband on one of these foraging expeditions, had an
experience. She had gone to bed one night and was restlessly tossing
about, for, try how she would, she could not sleep, when she was suddenly
terrified by a succession of the most awful shrieks, coming, apparently,
from just beneath her window, and which sounded like the cries of some
woman in the direst trouble or pain. She looked, but as she instinctively
felt would be the case, she could see no one. She then knew that she had
heard the Banshee; and on the morrow her forebodings were only too fully
realised. With a fearful knowledge of its meaning, she saw a cavalcade,
bearing in its midst a bier, slowly and sorrowfully wending its way
towards the castle; and, needless to say, she did not require to be told
that the foraging party had returned, and that the surviving warriors had
brought back with them the lifeless and mutilated body of her husband.

The Kenealy Banshee furnishes yet another instance of this extremely
fascinating and, up to the present, wholly enigmatical type of haunting.
Dr Kenealy, the well-known Irish poet and author, resided in his earlier
years in a wildly romantic and picturesque part of Ireland. Among his
brothers was one, a mere child, whose sweet and gentle nature rendered him
beloved by all, and it was a matter of the most excessive grief to the
entire household, and, indeed, the whole neighbourhood, when this boy fell
into a decline and his life was despaired of by the physicians. As time
went on he grew weaker and weaker, until the moment at length arrived,
when it was obvious that he could not possibly survive another twenty-four
hours. At about noon, the room in which the patient lay was flooded with a
stream of sunlight, which came pouring through the windows from the
cloudless expanse of sky overhead. The weather, indeed, was so gorgeous
that it seemed almost incredible that death could be hovering quite so
near the house. One by one, members of the family stole into the chamber
to take what each one felt might be a last look at the sick boy, whilst he
was still alive. Presently the doctor arrived, and, as they were all
discussing in hushed tones the condition of the poor wasted and doomed
child, they one and all heard someone singing, apparently in the grounds,
immediately beneath the window. The voice seemed to be that of a woman,
but not a woman of this world. It was divinely soft and sweet, and charged
with a pity and sorrow that no earthly being could ever have portrayed;
and now loud, and now hushed, it continued for some minutes, and then
seemed to die away gradually, like the ripple of a wavelet on some golden,
sun-kissed strand, or the whispering of the wind, as it gently rustles its
way through field after field of yellow, nodding corn.

"What a glorious voice!" one of the listeners exclaimed. "I've never heard
anything to equal it."

"Very likely not," someone else whispered, "it's the Banshee!"

And so enthralled were they all by the singing, that it was only when the
final note of the plaintive ditty had quite ceased, that they became aware
that their beloved patient, unnoticed by them, had passed out. Indeed, it
seemed as if the boy's soul, with the last whispering notes of the dirge,
had joined the beautiful, pitying Banshee, to be escorted by it into the
realms of the all-fearful, all-impatient Unknown. Dr Kenealy has
commemorated this event in one of his poems.

The story of another haunting by the friendly Banshee is told in Kerry, in
connection with a certain family that used to live there. According to my
source of information the family consisted of a man (a gentleman farmer),
his wife, their son, Terence, and a daughter, Norah.

Norah, an Irish beauty of the dark type, had black hair and blue eyes; and
possessing numerous admirers, favoured none of them so much as a certain
Michael O'Lernahan. Now Michael did not stand very well in the graces of
either of Norah's parents, but Terence liked him, and he was reputed to be
rich--that is to say rich for that part of Ireland. Accordingly, he was
invited pretty freely to the farm, and no obstacles were placed in his
way. On the contrary, he was given more than a fair amount of

At last, as had been long anticipated, he proposed and Norah accepted him;
but no sooner was her troth plighted than they both heard, just over
their heads, a low, despairing wail, as of a woman in the very greatest
distress and anguish.

Though they were much alarmed at the time, being positive that the sounds
proceeded from no human being, neither of them seems to have regarded the
phenomenon in the shape of a warning, and both continued their love-making
as if the incident had never occurred. A few weeks later, however, Norah
noticed a sudden change in her lover; he was colder and more distant, and,
whilst he was with her, she invariably found him preoccupied. At last the
blow fell. He failed to present himself at the house one evening, though
he was expected as usual, and, as no explanation was forthcoming the
following morning, nor on any of the succeeding days, inquiries were made
by the parents, which elicited the fact that he had become engaged to
another girl, and that the girl's home was but a few minutes' walk from
the farm.

This proved too much for Norah; although, apparently, neither unusually
sensitive nor particularly highly strung, she fell ill, and shortly
afterwards died of a broken heart. It was not until the night before she
died, however, that the Banshee paid her a second visit. She was lying on
a couch in the parlour of the farmhouse, with her mother sitting beside
her, when a noise was heard that sounded like leaves beating gently
against the window-frames, and, almost directly afterwards, came the sound
of singing, loud, and full of intense sorrow and compassion; and,
obviously, that of a woman.

"'Tis the Banshee," the mother whispered, immediately crossing herself,
and, at the same time, bursting into tears.

"The Banshee," Norah repeated. "Sure I hear nothing but that tapping at
the window and the wind which seems all of a sudden to have risen."

But the mother made no response. She only sat with her face buried in her
hands, sobbing bitterly and muttering to herself, "Banshee! Banshee!"

Presently, the singing having ceased, the old woman got up and dried her
tears. Her anxiety, however, was not allayed; all through the night she
could still be heard, every now and again, crying quietly and whispering
to herself "'Twas the Banshee! Banshee!"; and in the morning Norah,
suddenly growing alarmingly ill, passed away before medical assistance
could be summoned.

A case of Banshee haunting that is somewhat unusually pathetic was once
related to me in connection with a Dublin branch of the once powerful
clan of McGrath.

It took place in the fifties, and the family, consisting of a young widow
and two children, Isa and David, at that time occupied an old, rambling
house, not five minutes' walk from Stephen's Green. Isa seems to have been
the mother's favourite--she was undoubtedly a very pretty and attractive
child--and David, possibly on account of his pronounced likeness to his
father, with whom it was an open secret that Mrs McGrath had never got on
at all well, to have received rather more than his fair share of scolding.
This, of course, may or may not have been true. It is certain that he was
left very much to himself, and, all alone, in a big, empty room at the top
of the house, was forced to amuse himself as he best could. Occasionally
one of the servants, inspired by a fellow-feeling--for the lot of servants
in those days, especially when serving under such severe and exacting
mistresses as Mrs McGrath, was none too rosy--used to look in to see how
he was getting on and bring him a toy, bought out of her own meagre
savings; and, once now and again, Isa, clad in some costly new frock, just
popped her head in at the door, either to bring him some message from her
mother, or merely to call out "Hullo!" Otherwise he saw no one; at least
no one belonging to this earth; he only saw, he affirmed, at times,
strange-looking people who simply stood and stared at him without
speaking, people who the servants--girls from Limerick and the west
country--assured him were either fairies or ghosts.

One day Isa, who had been sent upstairs to tell David to go to his bedroom
to tidy himself, as he was wanted immediately in the drawing-room, found
him in a great state of excitement.

"I've seen such a beautiful lady,"[6] he exclaimed, "and she wasn't a bit
cross. She came and stood by the window and looked as if she wanted to
play with me, only I daren't ask her. Do you think she will come again?"

"How can I tell? I expect you've been dreaming as usual," Isa laughed.
"What was she like?"

"Oh, tall, much taller than mother," David replied, "with very, very blue
eyes and kind of reddish-gold hair that wasn't all screwed up on her head,
but was hanging in curls on her shoulders. She had very white hands which
were clasped in front of her, and a bright green dress. I didn't see her
come or go, but she was here for a long time, quite ten minutes."

"It's another of your fancies, David," Isa laughed again. "But come along,
make haste, or mother will be angry."

A few minutes later, David, looking very shy and awkward, was in the
drawing-room being introduced to a gentleman who, he was informed, was his
future papa.

David seems to have taken a strong dislike to him from the very first, and
to have foreseen in the coming alliance nothing but trouble and misery for
himself. Nor were his apprehensions without foundation, for, directly
after the marriage took place, he became subjected to the very strictest
discipline. Morning and afternoon alike he was kept hard at his books, and
any slowness or inability to master a lesson was treated as idleness and
punished accordingly. The moments he had to himself in his beloved nursery
now became few and far between, for, directly he had finished his evening
preparation, he was given his supper and packed off to bed.

The one or two servants who had befriended him, unable to tolerate the new
regime, gave notice and left, and there was soon no one in the house who
showed any compassion whatever for the poor lonely boy.

Things went on in this fashion for some weeks, and then a day came, when
he really felt it impossible to go on living any longer.

He had been generally run down for some weeks, and this, coupled with the
fact that he was utterly broken in spirit, rendered his task of learning a
wellnigh impossibility. It was in vain he pleaded, however; his entreaties
were only taken for excuses; and, when, in an unguarded moment, he let
slip some sort of reference to unkind treatment, he was at once accused of
rudeness by his mother and, at her request, summarily castigated.

The limit of his tribulation had been reached. That night he was sent to
bed, as usual, immediately after supper, and Isa, who happened to pass by
his room an hour or so afterwards, was greatly astonished at hearing him
seemingly engaged in conversation. Peeping slyly in at the door, in order
to find out with whom he was talking, she saw him sitting up in bed,
apparently addressing space, or the moonbeams, which, pouring in at the
window, fell directly on him.

"What are you doing?" she asked, "and why aren't you asleep?"

The moment she spoke he looked round and, in tones of the greatest
disappointment, said:

"Oh, dear, she's gone. You've frightened her away."

"Frightened her away! Why, what rubbish!" Isa exclaimed. "Lie down at
once or I'll go and fetch mamma."

"It was my green lady," David went on, breathlessly, far too excited to
pay any serious heed to Isa's threat. "My green lady, and she told me I
should be no more lonely, that she was coming to fetch me some time

Isa laughed, and, telling him not to be so silly, but to go to sleep at
once, she speedily withdrew and went downstairs to join her parents in the

That night, at about twelve, Isa was awakened by singing, loud and
plaintive singing, in a woman's voice, apparently proceeding from the
hall. Greatly alarmed she got up, and, on opening her door, perceived her
parents and the servants, all in their night attire, huddled together on
the landing, listening.

"Sure 'tis the Banshee," the cook at length whispered. "I heard my father
spake about it when I was a child. She sings, says he, more beautifully
than any grand lady, but sorrowful like, and only before a death."

"Before a death," Isa's mother stammered. "But who's going to die here?
Why, we are all of us perfectly sound and well." As she spoke the singing
ceased, there was an abrupt silence, and all slowly retired to their

Nothing further was heard during the night, but in the morning, when
breakfast time came, there was no David; and a hue and cry being raised
and a thorough search made, he was eventually discovered, drowned in a
cistern in the roof.



The Banshees dealt with in the last chapter may all be described as
sympathetic or friendly Banshees. I will now present to the reader a few
equally authentic accounts of malevolent or unfriendly Banshees. Before
doing so, however, I would like to call attention to the fact that, once
when I was reading a paper on Banshees before the Irish Literary Society,
in Hanover Square, a lady got up and, challenging my remark that not all
Banshees were alike, tried to prove that I was wrong, on the assumption
that all Banshees must be sad and beautiful because the Banshee in her
family happened to be sad and beautiful, an argument, if argument it can
be called, which, although it is a fairly common one, cannot, of course,
be taken seriously.

Moreover, as I have already stated, there is abundant evidence to show
that Banshees are of many and diverse kinds; and that no two appear to be
exactly alike or to act in precisely the same fashion.

According to Mr McAnnaly, the malevolent Banshee is invariably "a horrible
hag with ugly, distorted features; maledictions are written in every line
of her wrinkled face, and her outstretched arms call down curses on the
doomed member of the hated race."

Other writers, too, would seem more or less to encourage the idea that all
malignant Banshees are cast in one mould and all beautiful Banshees in
another, whereas from my own personal experiences I should say that
Banshees, whether good or bad, are just as individual as any member of the
family they haunt.

It is related of a certain ancient Mayo family that a chief of the race
once made love to a very beautiful girl whom he betrayed and subsequently
murdered. With her dying breath the girl cursed her murderer and swore she
would haunt him and his for ever. Years rolled by; the cruel deceiver
married, and, with the passing away of all who knew him in his youth, he
came to be regarded as a model of absolute propriety and rectitude. Hence
it was in these circumstances that he was sitting one night before a big
blazing fire in the hall of his castle, outwardly happy enough and
surrounded by his sons and daughters, when loud shrieks of exultation
were heard coming, it seemed, from someone who was standing on the path
close to the castle walls. All rushed out to see who it was, but no one
was there, and the grounds, as far as the eye could reach, were absolutely

Later on, however, some little time after the household had retired to
rest, the same demoniacal disturbances took place; peal after peal of
wild, malicious laughter rang out, followed by a discordant moaning and
screaming. This time the aged chieftain did not accompany the rest of the
household in their search for the originator of the disturbances.
Possibly, in that discordant moaning and screaming he fancied he could
detect the voice of the murdered girl; and, possibly, accepting the
manifestation as a death-warning, he was not surprised on the following
day, when he was waylaid out of doors and brutally done to death by one of
his followers.

Needless to say, perhaps, the haunting of this Banshee still continues,
the same phenomena occurring at least once to every generation of the
family, before the death of one of its members. Happily, however, the
haunting now does not necessarily precede a violent death, and in this
respect, though in this respect only, differs from the original.

Another haunting by this same species of Banshee was brought to my notice
the last time I was in Ireland. I happened to be visiting a certain
relative of mine, at that date residing in Black Rock, and from her I
learned the following, which now appears in print for the first time.

About the middle of the last century, when my relative was in her teens,
some friends of hers, the O'D.'s, were living in a big old-fashioned
country house, somewhere between Ballinanty and Hospital in the County of
Limerick. The family consisted of Mr O'D., who had been something in India
in his youth and was now very much of a recluse, though much esteemed
locally on account of his extreme piety and good-heartedness; Mrs O'D.,
who, despite her grey hair and wrinkled countenance, still retained traces
of more than ordinary good looks; Wilfred, a handsome but decidedly
headstrong young man of between twenty-five and thirty; and Ellen, a
blue-eyed, golden-haired girl of the true Milesian type of Irish beauty.

My relative was on terms of the greatest intimacy with the whole family,
but especially with the two younger folk, and it was generally expected
that she and Wilfred would make what is vulgarly termed a "match of it."
Indeed, the first of the ghostly happenings that she experienced in
connection with the O'D.'s actually occurred the very day Wilfred took the
long-anticipated step and proposed to her.

It seems that my relative was out for a walk one afternoon with Ellen and
Wilfred, when the latter, taking advantage of his sister's sudden fancy
for going on ahead to look for dog-roses, passionately declared his love,
and, apparently, did not declare it in vain. The trio, then, in more or
less exalted spirits--for my relative had of course let Ellen into the
secret--walked home together, and as they were passing through a big
wooden gateway into the garden at the rear of the O'D.'s house, they
perceived a tall, spare woman, with her back towards them, digging away

"Hullo," Wilfred exclaimed, "who's that?"

"I don't know," Ellen replied. "It's certainly not Mary" (Mary was the old
cook who, like many of the servants of that period, did not confine her
labour to the culinary art, but performed all kinds of odd jobs as well),
"nor anyone from the farm. But what on earth does she think she's doing?
Hey, there!" and Ellen, raising her naturally sweet and musical voice,
gave a little shout.

The woman instantly turned round, and the trio received a most violent
shock. The light was fading, for it was late in the afternoon, but what
little there was seemed to be entirely concentrated on the visage before
them, making it appear luminous. It was a broad face with very pronounced
cheek-bones; a large mouth, the thin lips of which were fixed in a
dreadful and mocking leer; and very pale, obliquely set eyes that glowed
banefully as they met the gaze of the three now appalled spectators.

For some seconds the evil-looking creature stood in dead silence,
apparently gloating over the discomposure her appearance had produced,
and, then, suddenly shouldering her spade, she walked slowly away, turning
round every now and again to cast the same malevolent gleeful look at
them, until she came to the hedge that separated the garden from a long
disused stone quarry, when she seemed suddenly to fade away in the now
very uncertain twilight, and disappear.

For some moments no one spoke or stirred, but continued gazing after her
in a kind of paralysed astonishment. Wilfred was the first to break the

"What an awful looking hag," he exclaimed. "Where's she gone?"

Ellen whistled. "Ask another," she said. "There's nowhere she could have
gone excepting into the quarry, and my only hope is that she is lying at
the bottom of it with a broken neck, for I certainly never wish to see
her again. But come, let's be moving on, I'm chilly."

They started off, but had only proceeded a few yards, when, apparently
from the direction of the quarry, came a peal of laughter, so mocking and
malignant and altogether evil, that all three involuntarily quickened
their steps, and, at the same time, refrained from speaking, until they
had reached the house, which they hastily entered, securely closing the
door behind them. They then went straight to Mr O'D. and asked him who the
old woman was whom they had just seen.

"What was she like?" he queried. "I haven't authorised anyone but Mary to
go into the garden."

"It certainly wasn't Mary," Ellen responded quickly. "It was some hideous
old crone who was digging away like anything. On our approach she left off
and gave us the most diabolical look I have ever seen. Then she went away
and seemed to vanish in the hedge by the quarry. We afterwards heard her
give the most appalling and intensely evil laugh that you can imagine.
Whoever is she?"

"I can't think," Mr O'D. replied, looking somewhat unusually pale. "It is
no one whom I know. Very possibly she was a tramp or gipsy. We must take
care to keep all the doors locked. Whatever you do, don't mention a word
about her to your mother or to Mary--they are both nervous and very easily

All three promised, and the matter was then allowed to drop, but my
relative, who returned home before it got quite dark, subsequently learned
that that night, some time after the O'D. household had all retired to
rest, peal after peal of the same infernal mocking laughter was heard,
just under the windows, first of all in the front of the house, and then
in the rear; and that, on the morrow, came the news that the business
concern in which most of Mr O'D.'s money was invested had gone smash and
the family were practically penniless.

The house now was in imminent danger of being sold, and many people
thought that it was merely to avert this catastrophe and to enable her
parents to keep a roof over their heads that Ellen accepted the attentions
of a very vulgar parvenu (an Englishman) in Limerick, and eventually
married him. Where there is no love, however, there is never any
happiness, and where there is not even "liking," there is very often hate;
and in Ellen's case hate there was without any doubt. Barely able, even
from the first, to tolerate her husband (his favourite trick was to make
love to her in public and almost in the same breath bully her--also in
public), she eventually grew to loathe him, and at last, unable to endure
his hated presence any longer, she eloped with an officer who was
stationed in the neighbourhood. The night before Ellen took this step, my
relative and Wilfred (the latter was escorting his fiancée home after a
pleasant evening spent in her company) again heard the malevolent
laughter, which (although they could see no one) pursued them for some
distance along the moonlit lanes and across the common leading to the spot
where my relative lived. After this the laughter was not heard again for
two years, but at the end of that period my relative had another
experience of the phenomena.

She was again spending the evening with the O'D.'s, and, on this occasion,
she was discussing with Mr and Mrs O'D. the advent of Wilfred, who was
expected to arrive home from the West Indies any time within the next few
days. My relative was not unnaturally interested, as it had been arranged
that she and Wilfred should marry, as soon as possible after his arrival
in Ireland. They were all three--Mr and Mrs O'D. and my relative--engaged
in animated conversation (the old people had unexpectedly come into a
little money, and that, too, had considerably contributed to their
cheerfulness), when Mrs O'D., fancying she heard someone calling to her
from the garden, got up and went to the window.

"Harry," she exclaimed, still looking out and apparently unable to remove
her gaze, "do come. There's the most awful old woman in the garden,
staring hard at me. Quick, both of you. She's perfectly horrible; she
frightens me."

My relative and Mr O'D. at once sprang up and hastened to her side, and,
there, they saw, gazing up at them, the pallor of its cheeks intensified
by a stray moonbeam which seemed to be concentrated solely on it, a face
which my relative recognised immediately as that of the woman she had
seen, two years ago, digging in the garden. The old hag seemed to remember
my relative, too, for, as their glances met, a gleam of recognition crept
into her light eyes, and, a moment later, gave way to an expression of
such diabolical hate that my relative involuntarily caught hold of Mr O'D.
for protection. Evidently noting this action the creature leered horribly,
and then, drawing a kind of shawl or hood tightly over its head, moved
away with a kind of gliding motion, vanishing round an angle of the wall.

Mr O'D. at once went out into the garden, but, after a few minutes,
returned, declaring that, although he had searched in every direction, not
a trace of their sinister-looking visitor could he see anywhere. He had
hardly, however, finished speaking, when, apparently from close to the
house, came several peals of the most hellish laughter, that terminated in
one loud, prolonged wail, unmistakably ominous and menacing.

"Oh, Harry," Mrs O'D. exclaimed, on the verge of fainting, "what can be
the meaning of it? That was surely no living woman."

"No," Mr O'D. replied slowly, "it was the Banshee. As you know, the O'D.
Banshee, for some reason or another, possesses an inveterate hatred of my
family, and we must prepare again for some evil tidings. But," he went on,
steadying his voice with an effort, "with God's grace we must face it, for
whatever happens it is His Divine will."

A few days later my relative, as may be imagined, was immeasurably shocked
to hear that Mr O'D. had been sent word that Wilfred was dead. He had, it
appeared, been stricken down with fever, supposed to have been caught from
one of his fellow-passengers, and had died on the very day that he should
have landed, on the very day, in fact (as it was afterwards ascertained
from a comparison of dates), upon which his parents and fiancée, together,
had heard and seen the Banshee.

Soon after this unhappy event my relative left the neighbourhood and went
to live with some friends near Dublin, and though, from time to time, she
corresponded with the O'D.'s, she never again heard anything of their

This same relative of mine, whom I will now call Miss S---- (she never
married), was acquainted with two old maiden ladies named O'Rorke who,
many years ago, lived in a semi-detached house close to Lower Merrion
Street. Miss S---- did not know to what branch of the O'Rorkes they
belonged, for they were very reticent with regard to their family history,
but she believed they originally came from the south-west and were
distantly connected with some of her own people.

With regard to their house, there certainly was something peculiar, since
in it was one room that was invariably kept locked, and in connection with
this room it was said there existed a mystery of the most frightful and
harrowing description.

My relative often had it on the tip of her tongue to refer to the room,
just to see what effect it would have on the two old ladies, but she could
never quite sum up the courage to do so. One afternoon, however, when she
was calling on them, the subject was brought to their notice in a very
startling manner.

The elder of the two sisters, Miss Georgina, who was presiding at the tea
table, had just handed Miss S---- a cup of tea and was about to pour out
another for herself, when into the room, with her cap all awry and her
eyes bulging, rushed one of the servants.

"Good gracious!" Miss Georgina exclaimed, "whatever's the matter,

"Matter!" Bridget retorted, in a brogue which I will not attempt to
imitate. "Why, someone's got into that room you always keep locked and is
making the devil of a noise, enough to raise all the Saints in Heaven.
Norah" (Norah was the cook) "and I both heard it--a groaning, and a
chuckling, and a scratching, as if the cratur was tearing up the boards
and breaking all the furniture, and all the while keening and laughing.
For the love of Heaven, ladies, come and hear it for yourselves. Such
goings on! Ochone! Ochone!"

Both ladies, Miss S---- said, turned deadly pale, and Miss Harriet, the
younger sister, was on the brink of tears.

"Where is cook?" Miss Georgina, who was by far the stronger minded of the
two, suddenly said, addressing Bridget. "If she is upstairs, tell her to
come down at once. Miss Harriet and I will go and see what the noise is
that you complain about upstairs. There really is no need to make all this
disturbance"--here she assumed an air of the utmost severity--"it's sure
to be either mice or rats."

"Mice or rats!" Bridget echoed. "I'm sorry for the mice and rats as make
all those noises. 'Tis some evil spirit, sure, and Norah is of the same
mind," and with those parting words she slammed the door behind her.

The sisters, then, begging to be excused for a few minutes, left the room,
and returned shortly afterwards looking terribly white and distressed.

"I am sure you must think all this very odd," Miss Georgina observed with
as great a degree of unconcern as she could assume, "and I feel we owe you
an explanation, but I must beg you will not repeat a word of what we tell
you to anyone else."

Miss S---- promised she would not, and then composed herself to listen.

"We have in our family," Miss O'Rorke began, "a most unpleasant
attachment; in other words, a most unpleasant Banshee. Being Irish, you
will not laugh, of course, as many English people do, at what I say. You
know as well as I do, perhaps, that many of the really ancient Irish
families possess Banshees."

Miss S---- nodded. "We have one ourselves," she remarked, "but pray go on.
I am intensely interested."

"Well, unlike most of the Banshees," Miss Georgina continued, "ours is
appallingly ugly and malevolent; so frightful, indeed, that to see it,
even, is sometimes fatal. One of our great-great-uncles, for instance, to
whom it once appeared, is reported to have died from shock; a similar fate
overtaking another of our ancestors, who also saw it. Fortunately, it
seems to have a strong attraction in the shape of an old gold ring which
has been in the possession of the family from time immemorial. Both
ancestors I have referred to are alleged to have been wearing this ring at
the time the Banshee appeared to them, and it is said to strictly confine
its manifestations to the immediate vicinity of that article. That is why
our parents always kept the ring strictly isolated, in a locked room, the
key of which was never, for a moment, allowed to be out of their
possession. And we have strenuously followed their example. That is the
explanation of the mystery you have doubtless heard about, for I
believe--thanks to the servants--it has become the gossip of half Dublin."

"And the noise Bridget referred to," Miss S---- ventured to remark,
somewhat timidly, "was that the Banshee?"

Miss Georgina nodded.

"I fear it was," she observed solemnly, "and that we shall shortly hear of
a relative's death or grave catastrophe to some member of the family;
probably, a cousin of ours in County Galway, who has been ill for some
weeks, is dying."

She was partly right, although the latter surmise was not correct. Within
a few days of the Banshee's visit a member of the family died, but it was
not the sick cousin, it was Miss Georgina's own sister, Harriet!



As I have remarked in a previous chapter, the Banshee to-day is heard more
often abroad than in Ireland. It follows the fortunes of the true old
Milesian Irishman--the real O and Mc, none of your adulterated O'Walters
or O'Cassons--everywhere, even to the Poles.

Lady Wilde, in her "Ancient Legends, Mystic Charms and Superstitions of
Ireland," quotes the case of a Banshee haunting that was experienced by a
branch of the Clan O'Grady that had settled in Canada.

The spot chosen by this family for their residence was singularly wild and
isolated, and one night at two o'clock, when they were all in bed, they
were aroused by a loud cry, coming, apparently, from just outside the
house. Nothing intelligible was uttered, only a sound indicative of the
greatest bitterness and sorrow, such as one might imagine a woman would
give vent to, but only when in an agony of mind, almost beyond human

The effect produced by it was one of sublime terror, and all seemed to
feel instinctively that the source from which it emanated was apart from
this world and belonged wholly and solely to the Unknown. Nevertheless,
from what Lady Wilde says, we are led to infer that an exhaustive search
of the premises was made, resulting, as was expected, in complete failure
to find any physical agency that could in any way account for the cry.

The following day the head of the household and his eldest son went
boating on a lake near the house, and, although it was their intention to
do so, did not return to dinner. Various members of the family were sent
to look for them, but no trace of them was to be seen anywhere, and no
solution to the mystery as to what had happened to them was forthcoming,
till two o'clock that night, when, exactly twenty-four hours after the cry
had been heard, some of the searchers returned, bearing with them the wet,
bedraggled, and lifeless bodies of both father and son. Then, once again,
the weird and ominous sound that had so startled them on the previous
night was heard, and the sorrow-stricken family--that is to say, those who
were left of it--agreeing now that the Banshee had indeed visited them,
remembered that their beloved father, whom they had just lost, had often
spoken of the Banshee, as having haunted their branch of the clan for
countless generations.

Another case of Banshee haunting, that I have in mind, relates to a branch
of the southern O'Neills that settled in Italy a good many years ago. It
was told me in Paris by a Mrs Dempsey, who assured me she had been an
eye-witness of the phenomena, and I now record it in print for the first

Mrs Dempsey, when staying once at an hotel in the north of Italy, noticed
among the guests an elderly man, whose very marked features and intensely
sad expression quickly attracted her attention. She observed that he kept
entirely aloof from his fellow-guests, and that, every evening after
dinner, he retired from the drawing-room, as soon as coffee had been
handed round, and went outside and stood on the veranda overlooking the
shore of the Adriatic.

She made inquiries as to his name and history, and was told that he was
Count Fernando Asioli, a wealthy Florentine citizen, who, having but
recently lost his wife, to whom he was devoted, naturally did not wish to
join in the general conversation. Upon hearing this Mrs Dempsey was more
than ever interested. It was not so very long since she, too, had lost her
partner--a husband to whom she was much attached--and, consequently, it
was in sympathetic mood that, seeing the Count go out, as usual, one
evening, on to the veranda, she resolved to follow him, to try, if
possible, to get into conversation with him.

With this end in view she was about to cross the threshold of the veranda,
when, to her astonishment, she perceived the Count was not there alone.
Standing by his side, with one hand laid caressingly on his shoulder, was
a tall, slim girl, with masses of the most gorgeous red gold hair hanging
loose and reaching to her waist. She was wearing an emerald green dress of
some very filmy substance; but her arms and feet were bare, and stood out
so clearly in the soft radiance of the moonbeams, that Mrs Dempsey, who
was an artist and had studied on the Continent, noticed with a thrill that
they equalled, if, indeed, they did not surpass in beauty, any she had
ever come across either in Greek or Florentine sculpture.

Much perplexed as to who such a queerly attired visitor on such friendly
terms with the Count could be, Mrs Dempsey remained for a second or two
watching, and then, afraid lest she should attract their attention and so
be caught, seemingly, in the act of spying, she withdrew.

The moment she got back again into the drawing-room, however, she made
somewhat indignant inquiries of a lady who generally sat next to her at
meals, as to the identity of the girl she had just seen standing beside
the, said to be, heart-broken Count in an attitude of such close intimacy.

"A woman with the Count!" was the reply. "Surely not! Who can she be, and
what was she like?"

Mrs Dempsey described the stranger in detail, but her friend, shaking her
head, could only suggest that she was some new-comer, some guest who had
arrived at the hotel, and gone on the veranda whilst they were at dinner.
Feeling a little curious, however, Mrs Dempsey's friend walked towards the
veranda, and, in a very short time, returned, looking somewhat puzzled.

"You must have been mistaken," she whispered, "there is no one with Count
Asioli now, and, if anyone had come away, we should have seen them."

"I am quite sure I did see a woman there," Mrs Dempsey replied, "and only
a minute or two ago; she must have got out somehow, although there is,
apparently, no other way than through this room."

At this moment, the Count, entering the room, took a seat beside them; and
the subject, of course, had to be dropped. The next night, however, the
events of the preceding night were repeated. Mrs Dempsey followed the
Count on to the veranda, saw the girl in green standing with her hand on
his shoulder, came back and told her neighbour at meals, and the latter,
on hastening to the veranda to look, once more returned declaring that the
Count was alone. After this, a slight altercation took place between the
two ladies, the one declaring her belief that it was all an optical
illusion on the part of the other, and the other emphatically sticking to
her story that she had actually seen the girl she had described.

They parted that night, both a little ruffled, though neither would admit
it, and the following night, Mrs Dempsey, as soon as she saw the Count go
on to the veranda, fetched her friend.

"Now," she said, "come with me and see for yourself."

The two ladies, accordingly, went to the veranda and, opening the door
gently, peeped in.

"There she is," Mrs Dempsey whispered, "standing in just the same

The sound of her voice, though so low as to be scarcely heard even by the
lady standing beside her, seemingly attracted the attention of both the
girl and the Count, for they turned round simultaneously. Then Mrs
Dempsey, whose gaze was solely concentrated on the girl, saw a face of
almost indescribable beauty--possessing neatly chiselled, but by no means
coldly classical features, long eyes of a marvellous blue, a smooth broad
brow, and delicately and subtly moulded mouth; it was the face of a young
girl, barely out of her teens, and it was filled with an expression of
infinite sorrow and affection.

Mrs Dempsey was so enraptured that, to quote her own words, she "stood
gazing at it in speechless awe and amazement," and might, perhaps, have
been gazing at it still, had not the voice of the Count called her back to

"I hope, ladies," he was saying, "that you do not see anything unusually
disturbing in my appearance to-night, for I undoubtedly seem to be the
object of your solicitude. May I ask why?"

Though he spoke quite politely, even the dullest could have seen that he
was more than a little annoyed. Mrs Dempsey therefore hastened to reply.

"It is not you," she stammered out, "it is the lady--the lady you have
with you. I--I fancied I knew her."

"The lady I have with me," the Count exclaimed, in accents of cold
surprise. "Kindly explain what you mean?"

"Why the lady----" Mrs Dempsey began, and then she glanced round.

The Count was standing in front of her--but he was quite alone. There was
no vestige of a girl in green, nor of any other person on the veranda
saving themselves, and immediately beneath it, at a distance of at least
thirty feet, glimmered the white shingles of the silent and
deserted--utterly deserted--seashore.

"She's gone," Mrs Dempsey cried, "but I'm positive I saw her--a lady in
green standing beside you." Then, for the first time, she felt afraid, and

The Count, who had been observing her very closely, now advanced a step or
two towards her, and in a very different tone said:

"Will you please describe the lady? Was she old or young, dark or fair?"

"Young and fair, very fair," Mrs Dempsey exclaimed. "But please come
inside, for I've received something of a shock, and can, perhaps, talk to
you better in the gaslight, with people near at hand whom I know are human

He did as she requested, and became more and more interested as she
proceeded with her description, interrupting her every now and again with
questions. Was she sure the girl had blue eyes, he asked, and how could
she tell what colour the eyes were by the light of the moon only; Mrs
Dempsey's reply to which being that the girl's whole body seemed to be
illuminated from within, in such a manner that every detail could be seen,
almost, if not quite, as clearly as if she had been standing in the full
glare of an electric light. At the conclusion of her narrative Mrs Dempsey
was further questioned by the Count.

"Had she," he inquired, "ever been told that he was partly Irish,
because," he added, on receiving a negative reply, "I am, and my real name
is O'Neill, my great-great-grandfather having assumed the name of Asioli
in order to come into some property when the family, which came from the
south of Ireland, settled in Italy, many, many years ago. But what will, I
am sure, be of considerable interest to you is the fact that this branch
of the O'Neills, the branch to which I belong, is haunted by a Banshee,
and that that Banshee has, I believe--since the description of it given me
by various members of my family tallies with the description you have
given me of the girl you saw standing by me--appeared to you. I would add
that it never reveals itself, excepting when an O'Neill is about to die,
and as I am quite the last of my line, I cannot conceive any reason for
its having thus appeared three nights in succession, unless, of course, it
is to predict my own end."

Mrs Dempsey was not long left in doubt. On the morrow the Count was
summoned to Venice on urgent business, and on his way to the railway
depôt he suddenly dropped down dead, the excitement and exertion having,
so it was supposed, proved too much for his heart, which was known to be

Said to be descended from the younger of the two sons of King Milesius, it
certainly is not surprising that the O'Neills[7] should possess a
Banshee--indeed, it would be surprising if they did not--but I have found
it somewhat difficult to trace. However, according to Lady Wilde in her
"Irish Wonders," p. 112, there is a room at Shane Castle which is strictly
set aside for it.

The Banshee, Lady Wilde says, is very often seen in this apartment,
sometimes appearing shrouded in a dark, mist-like mantle; and at other
times as a very lovely young girl with long, red-gold hair, clad in a
scarlet cloak and green kirtle, adorned with gold. Lady Wilde goes on to
tell us no harm ever comes of the Banshee's visit, unless she is seen in
the act of crying, when her wails may be taken as a certain sign that some
member of the family will shortly die. Mr McAnnaly corroborates this by
stating that on one occasion one of the O'Neills of Shane Castle heard the
Banshee crying, just as he was about to set out on a journey, and perished
soon afterwards, which is somewhat unusual, because in the majority of
cases I have come across the Banshee does not manifest itself at all to
the person whose death it predicts. A very old, probably the oldest,
branch of the O'Neills now resides in Portugal, but up to the present I
have not succeeded in obtaining any evidence to warrant the assumption
that the Banshee haunting has been experienced in that country.

Indeed, the Banshee seems to be just as erratic and wayward as any
daughter of Eve, for there is no consistency whatever in her movements.
The very families one thinks she would haunt, she often studiously avoids,
and not infrequently she concentrates her attention on those who are
utterly obscure, albeit, always of _bona fide_ Irish extraction.



In previous chapters I have dealt exclusively with cases that are, without
doubt, those of genuine Banshee haunting. I now propose to narrate a few
cases which I will term cases of doubtful Banshee haunting--that is to
say, cases of haunting which, although said to be Banshee, cannot, in view
of the phenomena and circumstances, be thus designated with any degree of

To begin with I will recall the case relating to the R----s, a family
living in Canada. Their house, a long, low, two-storied building, stood on
a lonely spot on the road leading to Montreal, and a young lady, whom I
will designate Miss Delane, was visiting them when the incidents I am
about to narrate took place.

The weather had been more than commonly fine for that time of year, but at
last the inevitable and unmistakable signs of a break had set in, and one
evening black clouds gathered in the sky, the wind whistled ominously in
the chimneys and savagely shook the many-coloured maple leaves, while,
after a time, the moon, which had been hanging like a great red globe over
the St Lawrence, became suddenly obscured, and big drops of rain came
spluttering against the windows.

Miss Delane, who had been seized with a strange restlessness which she
could not shake off, then went into the hall, and was about to speak to
one of Major R----'s nieces, who was also on a visit there, when her
attention was arrested by the sound of a heavy carriage lumbering along
the high road, from the direction of Montreal, at a very great rate. It
being now nearly ten o'clock, an hour when there was usually very little
traffic, she was somewhat surprised, her astonishment increasing by leaps
and bounds when she heard the wheels crunching on the gravel drive, and
the carriage rapidly approaching the house.

"Surely, it is too late----" she began, but was cut short by the Major,
who, abruptly pushing past her to the front door, just as the carriage
drew up, swung it to, and, in trembling haste, locked, and barred, and
bolted it.

Footsteps were then heard hurriedly ascending the steps to the front door,
and immediately afterwards a series of loud rat-tat-tats, although, as
everyone instantly remembered, there was no knocker on the door, the
Major having had it removed many years ago, for a reason he either could
not or would not explain.

Startled almost out of their senses by the noise, the whole household had
in a few seconds assembled in the hall, and they now knelt, huddled
together, whilst the Major in a voice which, despite the fact that it was
raised to its highest pitch, could barely be heard above the furious and
frenzied knocking, besought the Almighty to protect them.

As he continued praying the rat-tats gradually grew feebler and feebler,
until they finally ceased, after which the footsteps were once again heard
on the stone steps, this time descending, and the carriage drove away. It
was not, however, until the reverberations of the wheels could no longer
be heard that the Major rose from his knees. Then, bidding his household
do likewise, he insisted that they should at once retire, without speaking
a word, to their rooms; and forbade them ever to mention the matter to him

As soon as Miss Delane and the Major's nieces were in their bedroom--they
shared a room between them--they ran to the window and looked out. The sky
was quite clear now, and the moon was shining forth in all the splendour
of its calm cold majesty; but the grounds and road beyond were quite
deserted; not a vestige of any person or carriage could be seen anywhere,
and, on the morrow, when they hastened downstairs and examined the gravel,
there were no indications whatever of any wheels.

The day passed quite uneventfully, and once again it was night-time; the
Major had read prayers as usual at about ten, and the household, also as
usual, had retired to rest. Miss Delane, who was used to much later hours,
found it difficult to compose herself to sleep so soon, but she had just
managed to doze off, when she was aroused by her friend Ellen, the elder
of the Major's two nieces, pulling violently at her bedclothes, and, on
looking up, she perceived a tall figure, clad in what looked like nun's
garments, walking across the room with long, stealthy strides. As she
gazed at it in breathless astonishment, it suddenly paused and, turning
its hooded head round, stared fixedly at Ellen, and then, moving on,
seemed to melt into the wall. At all events, it had vanished, and there
was nothing where it had been standing, saving moonlight.

For some minutes Ellen was too terrified to speak, but she at last called
out to Miss Delane and implored her to come and get into her bed, as she
no longer dared lie there by herself.

"Did you see the way it looked at me," she whispered, clutching hold of
Miss Delane, and shuddering violently. "I don't think I shall ever get
over it. We must leave here to-morrow. We must, we must," and she burst
out crying.

As may be imagined, there was little sleep for either of the girls again
that night, and it seemed to them as if the morning would never come; but,
when at last it did come, they told Major R---- what had happened, and
declared they really dared not spend another night in the house.

Though obviously distressed on hearing what they had to say, the Major did
not press them to alter their decision and stay, but told them that to go,
he thought, under the circumstances, was far the wisest and safest thing
for them to do. An hour or so later, having finished their packing, they
were all three taking a final stroll together in the garden, when they
fancied they heard someone running after them down one of the sidewalks,
and, turning round, they saw the figure that had disturbed them in the
night, standing close behind them.

The sunlight falling directly on it revealed features now only too easily
distinguishable of someone long since dead, but animated by a spirit that
was wholly antagonistic and malicious, and as they shrank back
terror-stricken, it stretched forth one of its long, bony arms and touched
first Ellen and then her sister on the shoulder. It then veered round,
and, moving away with the same peculiarly long and surreptitious strides,
seemed suddenly to amalgamate with the shadows from the trees and

For some moments the girls were far too paralysed with fear to do other
than remain where they were, trembling; but their faculties at length
reasserting themselves, they made a sudden dash for the house, and ran at
top speed till they reached it.

It was some weeks afterwards, however, and not till then, that Miss
Delane, who was back again in her home in Ireland, received any
explanation of the phenomena she had witnessed. It was given her by a
friend of the R----s who happened to be visiting one of Miss Delane's
relatives in Dublin.

"What you saw," this friend of the R----s said to Miss Delane, "was, I
believe, the Banshee, which always manifests itself before the death of
any member of the family. Sometimes it shrieks, like the shrieking of a
woman who is being cruelly done to death, and sometimes it merely stares
at or touches its victim on the shoulder with its skeleton hand. In either
case its advent is fatal. Only," she added, "let me implore you never to
breathe a word of this to the R----s, as they never mention their ghost to

Miss Delane, of course, promised, at the same time expressing a devout
hope that the phenomena she had witnessed did not point to the illness or
death of either of her friends; but in this she was doomed to the deepest
disappointment, for within a few weeks of the date upon which the
Banshee--if Banshee it really were--had appeared, she received tidings of
the deaths of both Ellen and her sister (the former succumbing to an
attack of some malignant fever, and the latter to an accident), and in
addition heard that Major R---- had died also. As Major R---- would never
discuss the subject of his family ghost with anyone at all, it is
impossible to say whether he believed the haunting to be a Banshee
haunting or not; but many, apparently, did believe it to be this type of
haunting, and I must say I think they were wrong.

To begin with, the R----s were Anglo-Irish. Their connection with Ireland
may have dated back a century or so, but they were certainly not of
Milesian nor even Celtic Irish descent; and, for this reason alone, could
not have acquired a Banshee haunting. Besides, the Banshee that we know
does not appear, as the R----'s ghost appeared, attired in the vestments
of a religious order; and the coach or hearse phantasm (which in the
R----'s case preceded the manifestation of the supposed Banshee) is by no
means an uncommon haunting;[8] and since it is more often than not
accompanied by phenomena of the sepulchral type (the type witnessed by
Miss Delane and the Major's nieces), it may be said to constitute in
itself a peculiar form of family haunting which is not, of course,
exclusively confined to the Irish.

Hence I entirely dismiss the theory that the notorious R----'s ghost had
anything at all to do with the Banshee. À propos of coaches, I am reminded
of an incident related by that past master of the weird, J. Sheridan Le
Fanu, in a short story entitled "A Chapter in the History of a Tyrone
Family." As it relates to that type of phantasm that is so often foolishly
confused with the Banshee, I think I cannot do better than give a brief
sketch of it.

Miss Richardson, a young Anglo-Irish girl, resided with her parents at
Ashtown, Tyrone, and her elder sister, who had recently married a Mr Carew
of Dublin, being expected with her husband on a visit, great preparations
were on foot for their reception.

They were leaving Dublin by coach on the Monday morning, they had written
to say, and hoped to arrive at Ashtown some time the following day. The
morning and afternoon passed, however, without any sign of the Carews,
and when it got dark, and still they did not come, the Richardson family
began to feel a trifle uneasy.

The night was fine, the sky cloudless, and the moon, when it at length
rose, could not have been more brilliant. It was a still night, too, so
still that not a leaf stirred, and so still that those on the qui vive,
who were straining their ears to the utmost, must have caught the sound of
an approaching vehicle on the high road, had there been one, when it was
still at a distance of several miles. But no sound came, and when
suppertime arrived, Mr Richardson, as was his wont, made a tour of the
house, and carefully fastened the shutters and locked the doors. Still the
family listened, and still they could hear nothing, nothing, either near
to, or far away.

It was now midnight, but no one went to bed, for all were buoyed up with
the desperate hope that something must at last happen--either, the Carews
themselves would suddenly turn up, or a messenger with a letter explaining
the delay.

Neither eventuality, however, came to pass, and nothing occurred until
Miss Richardson, who had, for the moment, allowed her mind to dwell on an
entirely different topic, gave a start. Her heart beat loud, and she held
her breath! She heard carriage wheels. Yes, without a doubt, she heard
wheels--the wheels of a coach or carriage, and they were getting more and
more distinct. But she remained silent. She had been rebuked once or twice
for giving a false alarm--she would now let someone else speak first. In
the meantime, on and on came the wheels, stopping for a moment whilst the
iron gate at the entrance to the drive was swung open on its rusty hinges;
then on and on again, louder, louder and louder, till all could
distinguish, amid the barking of the dogs, the sound of scattered gravel
and the crackling and swishing of the whip. There was no doubt about it
now, and with joyous cries of "It is them! They have come at last," a
regular stampede was made for the hall door, parents and sister, servants
and dogs, vying with one another to see who could get there first. But, lo
and behold, when the door was opened, and they stepped out, there was no
sign of a coach or carriage anywhere; nothing was to be seen but the broad
gravel drive and lawn beyond, alight with moonbeams and peopled with queer
shadows, but absolutely silent, with a silence that suggested a

The whole household now looked at one another with white and puzzled
faces; they began to be afraid; whilst the dogs, running about, and
sniffing, and whining, were obviously ill at ease and afraid, too.

At last a kind of panic set in, and all made a rush for the house, taking
care, when once inside, to shut the door with even greater haste than they
had displayed in opening it. The family then retired to rest, but not to
sleep, and early the next morning they received news that fully confirmed
their suspicions. Mrs Carew had been taken ill with fever on Monday, while
preparations for the departure were being made, and had passed away,
probably at the very moment when the Richardsons, hearing the phantom
coach and mistaking it for a real one, had opened their hall door to
welcome her.

That is the gist of the incident as related by Mr Le Fanu, and I have
quoted it merely to show how a case of this kind, especially when it
happens in Ireland, and to a family that has for some time been associated
with Ireland, may sometimes be mistaken for a genuine Banshee haunting,
although, of course, there is no reason whatever to suppose that Mr Le
Fanu himself laboured under any delusion with regard to it, or intended to
convey to his readers an impression of the haunting that the circumstances
did not warrant. He merely states it as a case of the supernatural without
attempting to consign it to any special category.

Lady Wilde in her "Ancient Cures, Charms and Usages of Ireland," pp. 163,
164, quotes another case of coach haunting in Ireland, a very terrible
one; while in a book entitled "Rambles in Northumberland," by the same
author, we are informed, "when the death-hearse, drawn by headless horses
and driven by a headless driver, is seen about midnight proceeding
rapidly, but without noise, towards the churchyard, the death of some
considerable personage in the parish is sure to happen at no distant
period." Also, there is a phantom of this description that is occasionally
seen on the road near Langley in Durham, and my relatives, the Vizes[9] of
Limerick--at least, so my grandmother, _née_ Sally Vize, used to say--are
haunted by a phantom coach too; indeed, there seems to be no end to this
kind of haunting, which is always either very picturesque or very
terrifying, and sometimes both picturesque and terrifying.

At the same time, although intensely interesting, no doubt, the phantom
coach is not essentially Irish, and not in any way connected with the

As an example of the extreme anxiety of some people to be thought to be of
ancient Irish extraction and to have a Banshee, I might refer to an
incident in connection with Mrs Elizabeth Sheridan, which is recorded in
footnotes on pages 32 and 33 of "The Memoirs of the Life and Writings of
Mrs Frances Sheridan," compiled by her granddaughter, Miss Alicia Lefanu,
and published in 1824, and quote from it the following:

     "Like many Irish ladies who resided during the early part of life in
     the country, Miss Elizabeth Sheridan was a firm believer in the
     Banshi, a female dæmon, attached to ancient Irish families. She
     seriously maintained that the Banshi of the Sheridan family was heard
     wailing beneath the windows of Quilca before the news arrived of Mrs
     Frances Sheridan's death at Blois, thus affording them a
     preternatural intimation of the impending melancholy event. A niece
     of Miss Sheridan's made her very angry by observing that as Miss
     Frances Sheridan was by birth a Chamberlaine, a family of English
     extraction, she had no right to the guardianship of an Irish fairy,
     and that, therefore, the Banshi must have made a mistake."

Now I certainly agree with Miss Sheridan's niece in doubting that the cry
heard before Mrs Frances Sheridan's death was that of the real Banshee;
but I do not doubt it because Mrs Frances Sheridan was of English
extraction, for the Banshee has frequently been heard before the death of
a wife whose husband was one of an ancient Irish clan--even though the
wife had no Irish blood in her at all, but I doubt it because the husband
of Mrs Frances Sheridan was one of a family who, not being of really
ancient Irish descent, does not, in my opinion, possess a Banshee.

In "Personal Sketches of his Own Times," by Sir Jonah Barrington, we find
(pp. 152-154, Vol. II.) the account of a ghostly experience of the author
and his wife, which experience the writer of the paragraph, referring to
this work in the notes to T. C. Croker's Banshee Stories, evidently
considered was closely associated with the Banshee.

At the time of the incident, Lord Rossmore was Commander-in-Chief of the
Forces in Ireland. He was a Scot by birth, but had come over to Ireland
when very young, and had obtained the post of page to the Lord-Lieutenant.
Fortune had favoured him at every turn. Not only had he been eminently
successful in the vocation he finally selected, but he had been equally
fortunate both with regard to love and money. The lady with whom he fell
in love returned his affections, and, on their marriage, brought him a
rich dowry. It was partly with her money that he purchased the estate of
Mount Kennedy, and built on it one of the noblest mansions in Wicklow. Not
very far from Mount Kennedy, and in the centre of what is termed the
golden belt of Ireland, stood Dunran, the residence of the Barringtons; so
that Lord Rossmore and the Barringtons were practically neighbours.

One afternoon at the drawing-room at Dublin Castle, during the Vice-royalty
of Earl Hardwick, Lord Rossmore met Lady Barrington, and gave her a most
pressing invitation to come to his house-party at Mount Kennedy the
following day.

"My little farmer," said he, addressing her by her pet name, "when you go
home, tell Sir Jonah that no business is to prevent him from bringing you
down to dine with me to-morrow. I will have no ifs in the matter--so tell
him that come he MUST."

Lady Barrington promised, and the following day saw her and Sir Jonah at
Mount Kennedy. That night, at about twelve, they retired to rest, and
towards two in the morning Sir Jonah was awakened by a sound of a very
extraordinary nature. It occurred first at short intervals and resembled
neither a voice nor an instrument, for it was softer than any voice, and
wilder than any music, and seemed to float about in mid-air, now in one
spot and now in another. To quote Sir Jonah's own language:

"I don't know wherefore, but my heart beat forcibly; the sound became
still more plaintive, till it almost died in the air; when a sudden
change, as if excited by a pang, changed its tone; it seemed descending. I
felt every nerve tremble: it was not a natural sound, nor could I make out
the point from whence it came. At length I awakened Lady Barrington, who
heard it as well as myself. She suggested that it might be an Æolian harp;
but to that instrument it bore no resemblance--it was altogether a
different character of sound. My wife at first appeared less affected than
I; but subsequently she was more so. We now went to a large window in our
bedroom, which looked directly upon a small garden underneath. The sound
seemed then, obviously, to ascend from a grass plot immediately below our
window. It continued. Lady Barrington requested I would call up her maid,
which I did, and she was evidently more affected than either of us. The
sounds lasted for more than half an hour. At last a deep, heavy, throbbing
sigh seemed to come from the spot, and was shortly succeeded by a sharp,
low cry, and by the distinct exclamation, thrice repeated, of
'Rossmore!--Rossmore!--Rossmore!' I will not attempt to describe my own
feelings," Sir Jonah goes on. "The maid fled in terror from the window,
and it was with difficulty I prevailed on Lady Barrington to return to
bed; in about a minute after the sound died gradually away until all was

Sir Jonah adds that Lady Barrington, who was not so superstitious as
himself, made him promise he would not mention the incident to anyone next
day, lest they should be the laughing stock of the place.

At about seven in the morning, Sir Jonah's servant, Lawler, rapped at the
bedroom door and began, "Oh, Lord, sir!", in such agitated tones, that Sir
Jonah at once cried out: "What's the matter?"

"Oh, sir," Lawler ejaculated, "Lord Rossmore's footman was running past my
door in great haste, and told me in passing that my lord, after coming
from the Castle, had gone to bed in perfect health (Lord Rossmore, though
advanced in years, had always appeared to be singularly robust, and Sir
Jonah had never once heard him complain he was unwell), but that about
two-thirty this morning his own man, hearing a noise in his master's bed
(he slept in the same room), went to him, and found him in the agonies of
death; and before he could alarm the other servants, all was over."

Sir Jonah remarks that Lord Rossmore was actually dying at the moment Lady
Barrington and he (Sir Jonah) heard his lordship's name pronounced; and he
adds that he is totally unequal to the task of accounting for the sounds
by any natural causes. The question that most concerns me is whether they
were due to the Banshee or not, and as Lord Rossmore was not apparently of
ancient Irish lineage, I am inclined to think the phenomena owed its
origin to some other class of phantasm; perhaps to one that had been
attached to Lord Rossmore's family in Scotland. Moreover, I have never
heard of the Banshee speaking as the invisible presence spoke on that
occasion; the phenomena certainly seems to me to be much more Scottish
than Irish.



It is a somewhat curious, and, perhaps, a not very well-known fact, that
some families possess two Banshees, a friendly and an unfriendly one;
whilst a few, though a few only, possess three--a friendly, an unfriendly,
and a neutral one. A case of the two Banshees resulting in a dual Banshee
haunting was told me quite recently by a man whom I met in Paris at
Henriette's in Montparnasse. He was a Scot, a journalist, of the name of
Menzies, and his story concerned an Irish friend of his, also a
journalist, whom I will call O'Hara.

From what I could gather, these two men were of an absolutely opposite
nature. O'Hara--warm-hearted, impulsive, and generous to a degree;
Menzies--somewhat cold, careful with regard to money, and extremely
cautious; and yet, apart from their vocation which was the apparent link
between them, they possessed one characteristic in common--they both
adored pretty women. The high brow and extreme feminist with her stolid
features and intensely supercilious smile was a nightmare to them; they
sought always something pleasing, and dainty, and free from academic
conceits; and they found it in Paris--at Henriette's.

It so happened one day that, unable to get a table at Henriette's, the
place being crowded, they wandered along the Boulevard Montparnasse, and
turned into a new restaurant close to the Boulevard Raspail. This place,
too, was very full, but there was one small table, at which sat alone a
young girl, and, at O'Hara's suggestion, they at once made for it.

"You sly fellow," Menzies whispered to his friend, after they had been
seated a few minutes, "I know why you were so anxious to come here."

"Well, wasn't I right," O'Hara, whose eyes had never once left the girl's
face, responded. "She's the prettiest I've seen for many a day."

"Not bad!" Menzies answered, somewhat critically. "But I don't like her
mouth, it's wolfish."

O'Hara, however, could see no fault in her; the longer he gazed at her,
the deeper and deeper he fell in love; not that there was anything very
unusual in that, because O'Hara was no sooner off with one flame than he
was on with another; and he averaged at least two or three love cases a
year. But to Menzies this latest affair was annoying; he knew that when
O'Hara lost his heart he generally lost his head too, and could never talk
or think on any topic but the eyes, hair, mouth and finger-nails--for,
like most Irishmen, O'Hara had a passion for well-kept, well-formed
hands--of his new divinity, and on this occasion he did want O'Hara to
remain sane a little longer.

It was, then, for this reason chiefly, that Menzies did not get a little
excited over the new discovery, too; for he was bound to admit that, in
spite of the lupine expression about the mouth, there was some excuse this
time for his friend's enthusiasm. The girl was pretty, an almost perfect
blonde, with daintily shaped hands, and dressed as only a young Paris
beauty can dress, who has money and leisure at her command.

Yes, there was excuse; and yet it was the height of folly. Girls mean
expenditure in one way or another, and just now neither he nor O'Hara had
anything to spend. While he was thinking, however, O'Hara was acting.

He offered the girl a cigarette, she smilingly rejected it; but the ice
was broken, and the conversation begun. There is no need to go into any
particulars as to what followed--it was what always did follow in a case
of this description--blind infatuation that invariably ended with a
startling abruptness; only in this instance the infatuation was blinder
than ever, and the ending, though sudden, was not usual. O'Hara asked the
girl to dinner with him that night. She accepted, and he took her out
again the following evening. From that moment all reason left him, and he
gave himself up to the maddest of mad passions.

Menzies saw little of him, but when they did by chance happen to meet it
was always the same old tale--Gabrielle! Gabrielle Delacourt. Her
star-like eyes, gorgeous hair, and so forth.

Then came a night when Menzies, tired of his own company, wandered off to
Montmartre, and met a fellow-countryman of his, by name Douglas.

"I say, old fellow," the latter remarked, as they lolled over a little
marble-topped table and watched the evolutions of a more than usually
daring vaudeville artiste, "I say, how about that Irish pal of yours, 'O'
something or other. I saw him here the other night with Marie Diblanc."

"Marie Diblanc!" Menzies articulated. "I have never heard of her."

"Not heard of Marie Diblanc!" Douglas exclaimed. "Why I thought every
journalist in Paris knew of her, but perhaps she was before your time, for
she's had a pretty long spell of prison--at least five or six years, which
as you know is pretty stiff nowadays for a woman--and has only recently
come out. She was quite a kiddie when they bagged her, but a kiddie with a
mind as old as Brinvillier's in crime and vice--she robbed and all but
murdered her own mother for a few louis, besides forging cheques and
stealing wholesale from shops and hotels. They say she was in with all the
worst crooks in Europe, and surpassed them all in subtlety and daring.
When I saw her the other night her hair was dyed, and she was wearing the
most saint-like expression; but I knew her all the same. She couldn't
disguise her mouth or her hands, and it is those features that I notice in
a woman more than anything else."

"Describe her to me," Menzies said.

"A brunette originally," Douglas replied, "but now a blonde--masses of
very elaborately waved golden hair; peculiarly long eyes--rather too
intensely blue and far apart for my liking--a well-moulded mouth, though
the lips are far too thin, and give her away at once."

"That's the girl," Menzies exclaimed emphatically. "That's the girl he
calls Gabrielle Delacourt. I was with him the day he first met her--over
in Montparnasse."

Douglas nodded.

"That's right," he said. "That's the name he introduced her to me by. But,
I'm quite positive she's Marie Diblanc; and I think you ought to give him
the tip. If he's seen about with her he'll be suspected by the police.
Besides, she is sure to commit some crime--for a girl with that kind of
face and history never reforms, she goes on being right down bad to the
bitter end--and get him implicated. Only, possibly, she will use him as
her tool."

"I'll see him and warn him," Menzies said. "I'll call at his place
to-night, though there's no knowing when he'll turn up, for he's the most
erratic creature under the sun."

True to his word, Menzies, after a few more minutes' conversation, got up
and retraced his steps to Montparnasse. O'Hara lived in the Rue Campagne
Première, close to the famous "rabbit warren." His door, as not
infrequently happened, was unlocked, but he was out. Menzies went in, and,
entering the little room which served as a parlour, dining-room, and study
combined, threw himself into an armchair and lit a cigarette. He did not
bother to light up as it was a moonlight night, and the darkness suited
his present mood. After a while, however, feeling a little chilly, he
turned on the gas fire, and then, glancing at the clock over the
mantel-shelf, perceived it was close on twelve.

At that instant there was a noise outside, and, thinking it was O'Hara, he
called out, "Hulloa, Bob, is that you?"

As there was no response he called again, and this time there was a
laugh--an ugly, malevolent kind of chuckle that made Menzies jump up at
once and angrily demand who was there. No one replying, he went to the
room door, and, opening it wide, saw a few yards from him a tall dark
figure enveloped in what appeared to be a cloak and gown.

"Hulloa!" he cried. "Who are you, and what the ---- do you want here?"

Whereupon the figure drew aside its covering and revealed a face that
caused Menzies to utter an exclamation of terror and spring back. It was
the face of an old woman with very high cheek-bones, tightly drawn
shrivelled skin, and obliquely set pale eyes that gleamed banefully as
they met Menzies' horrified stare. A disordered mass of matted yellow hair
crowned her head and descended half-way to her shoulders, revealing,
however, her ears, which stood out prominently from her head, huge and
pointed, like those of an enormous wolf. A leadenish white glow seemed to
emanate from within her and to intensify the general horror of her

Though Menzies had never believed in ghosts before, he felt certain now
that he was looking at something which did not belong to this world. It
was, he affirmed, so absolutely hellish that he would have uttered a
prayer and bid it begone, had not his words died in his throat so that he
could not articulate a sound. He then tried to raise a hand to cross
himself, but this, also, he was unable to do; and the only thing he found
he could do, was to stare at it in dumb, open-mouthed horror and wonder.

How long this state of affairs might have gone on it is impossible to say;
but at the sound of heavy and unmistakably human footsteps, first in the
lower part of the building, and then ascending the stone staircase leading
to this flat, the old woman disappeared, apparently amalgamating with the
somewhat artistic hangings on the wall behind her. Menzies was still
rubbing his eyes and looking when O'Hara burst in upon him.

"Hulloa, Donald, is that you?" he began. "I've done it."

"Done what?" Menzies stuttered, his nerves all anyhow.

"Why, proposed to Gabrielle, of course," O'Hara went on excitedly, "and
she's accepted me. She, the prettiest, sweetest, finest little colleen
I've ever come across, has told me she will marry me. Ye gods, I shall go
off my head with joy; go stark, staring mad, I tell you." And crossing the
floor of the study he tumbled into the chair Menzies himself had just

"I say, old fellow, why don't you congratulate me?" he continued.

"I do congratulate you," Menzies observed, taking another seat. "Of course
I congratulate you, but are you sure she is the sort of girl you will
always care about or who will always care about you. You haven't known her
very long, and most women cost a deuced lot of money, especially French
ones. Don't take the irrevocable steps before contemplating them well

"I have," O'Hara retorted, "so it's no use sermonising. I have made up my
mind to marry Gabrielle, and nothing on earth will deter me."

"Do you know her people, or anything about them?" Menzies ventured.

O'Hara laughed.

"No," he said, "but that doesn't bother me in the slightest. I shouldn't
care whether her father was a navvy or a publican, or whether her mother
took in washing and pinched a few odd shirts and socks now and again,
only as it happens, they don't affect the question at all, because they
are both dead. Gabrielle is an orphan--quite on her own--so I am perfectly
safe as far as that goes. No pompous papa to consult, no cantankerous old
mother-in-law to dread. Gabrielle was educated at a convent school, and,
though you may laugh, knows next to nothing of the world. She's as
innocent as a butterfly. We are to be married next month."

Finding that it was no earthly use to say any more on the subject, just
then at all events, Menzies changed the conversation and referred to the
incident of the old woman.

O'Hara at once became interested.

"Why," he said, "from your description she must have been one of the
Banshees that is supposed to haunt our family, and which my mother always
declared she saw shortly before my father's death. A hideous hag with a
shock head of tow-coloured hair, who stood on the staircase laughing
devilishly, and then, all at once, vanished. She is known as the bad
Banshee to distinguish her from the good one, which is, so I have always
been led to understand, very beautiful, but which never manifests itself,
saving when anything especially dreadful is going to happen to an

Feeling very uneasy in his mind, Menzies now bid his friend good night,
and went home.

After that days passed and Menzies saw nothing of O'Hara, until one
evening, when he was thinking it must be about now that the marriage was
to take place, O'Hara turned up at his flat, and proposed that they should
go for a stroll in the direction of the fortifications near Montsouris.
But O'Hara was not in his usual good spirits; he seemed very glum and
depressed, and Menzies gathered that there had been occasional differences
of opinion between his friend and Gabrielle, and that the affair was not
running quite as smoothly as it might. Gabrielle had a great many
admirers, one of them very rich, and O'Hara was obviously very much
annoyed at the attentions they had been bestowing on his fiancée, and at
the manner in which she had received them. But there was something else,
too; something he could see in his friend's face and manner, but which
O'Hara would not so much as hint at. Menzies was, of course, pleased, for
there now seemed to be a glimmer of hope that these frictions would
materialise into something stronger and more definite, and lead to a
rupture that would be final.

He was so engrossed in speculations of this nature that he forgot all
about the time or where they were, and was only brought back to earth by
the whistle and shriek of a train, which made him at once realise they had
left Montsouris and were several miles without the fortifications.

It was also getting very dusk, and, as he had to be up unusually early in
the morning, he suggested to O'Hara they had better turn back. They were
then close beside a clump of bushes and a very lofty pine tree that was
bending to and fro in such a peculiar manner that Menzies' attention was
at once directed to it.

"What's wrong with that tree?" he remarked, pointing at it with his stick.

"What's wrong with the tree?" O'Hara laughed. "Why, it's not the tree
there's anything the matter with--the tree's all right, quite all
right--it's you. What on earth are you staring at it for in that
ridiculous fashion? Have you suddenly gone mad?"

Menzies made no reply, but went up to the tree and examined it. As he was
doing so, a slight disturbance in the bushes made him glance around, and
he saw, a few feet from him, the tall figure of a girl, clad in a kind of
long flowing mantle, but with bare head and feet. The moonlight was on her
face, and Menzies, hard and difficult though he was, as a rule, to please,
realised it was lovely, far more lovely, so he declared afterwards, than
any woman's face he had ever gazed upon. The eyes particularly impressed
him, for, although in the darkness he could not tell their colour, he
could see that they were of an extremely beautiful shape and setting, and
seemed to be filled with a sorrow that was almost more than her heart
could bear. Indeed, so poignant was this sorrow of hers, that Menzies,
infected by it, too, could not keep back the tears from his own eyes; and,
dour and unemotional as he was by nature, his whole being suddenly became
literally steeped in sadness and pity.

The girl looked straight at him, but only for a few seconds; she then
turned towards O'Hara, and seemed to concentrate her whole attention upon
him. There was now, Menzies thought, a certain indistinctness and a
something shadowy about her that he had not at first noticed, and he was
thinking how he could test her to see if she were really a substance or
merely an optical illusion, when O'Hara, who was getting tired at his long
absence, called out, whereupon the girl at once vanished, uttering, as she
melted away in the background, in the same inexplicable manner as the old
woman had done, such an awful, harrowing, wailing shriek, that it seemed
to fill the whole air, and to linger on for an eternity. Thoroughly
terrified, Menzies, as soon as his scattered senses could collect
themselves, fled from the spot, and didn't cease running till O'Hara's
angry shout brought him to a standstill. To his astonishment O'Hara hadn't
heard anything, and was only annoyed at his seemingly mad behaviour. In
answer to his description of the girl, however, and the wailing, O'Hara at
once declared it was the Banshee, and the one he had always been so
particularly anxious to see.

"Unless you are having a joke at my expense," he said, "and you look too
genuinely scared for that, you have actually seen her--a very beautiful
girl, dressed after some old-time Irish custom, in a loose flowing green
mantle--only of course you couldn't see the colour--with head and feet
bare. But it's odd about that wail. The good Banshee in a family is always
supposed to make it, but why didn't I hear her? Why should it only be you?
You're Scotch, not Irish."

"For which I'm truly thankful," Menzies said with warmth. "I've lived
without ever seeing or hearing a ghost or anything approaching one for
thirty-eight years, and now I've seen and heard two, within the short
space of three weeks, and all because of you, because you're Irish. No
thanks. None of your Banshees for me. I'd rather, ten thousand times
rather, be just an ordinary laddie from the Highlands, and dispense with
your highly aristocratic and fastidious family ghost."

"Come, now," O'Hara said good-humouredly, "we won't quarrel about so
unsubstantial a thing as the Banshee. Let's hurry up and have a bottle of
cognac to make us think of something rather more cheerful."

Menzies often thought of those words, for it is not infrequently the most
trifling words and actions that haunt our memory to the greatest extent in
after days. The rest of the evening passed quite uneventfully, and, after
they had "toasted" each other, the two friends separated for the night.

Two days later O'Hara's body lay in the Morque, whither it had been taken
from the Seine. Though there were some doubts expressed as to the exact
manner in which he had met his death, it was officially recorded "death
from misadventure," and it was not till several years later Menzies
learned the truth.

He was then in Mexico, in a little town not twenty miles from San Blas, on
the Western Coast, doing some newspaper work for a South American paper. A
storekeeper and his wife were murdered; done to death in a singularly
cruel manner, even for those parts, and one of the assassins was caught
red-handed. The other, a woman, succeeded in escaping. As there had been
so many murders lately in that neighbourhood, the townspeople declared
they would make a very severe example of the culprit, and hang him, right
away, on the scene of his diabolical outrage. Menzies, who had never
witnessed anything of the kind before, and was, of course, anxious for
copy, took good care to be present. He stood quite close to the handcuffed
man, and caught every word of the confession he made to the local padre.
He gave his name as André Fécamps, his age as twenty-five, and his
nationality as French. He asserted that he was first induced to take to
crime through falling in love with a notorious French criminal of the name
of Marie Diblanc, who accepted him as her lover, conditionally on his
joining the band of Apaches of which she was the recognised leader.

He did so, and forthwith plunged into every kind of wickedness imaginable.
Among other crimes in which he was implicated he mentioned that of the
murder of an Irishman of the name of O'Hara, who was supposed to have met
with an accidental death from drowning in the Seine. What really happened,
so the young desperado said, was this. M. O'Hara was madly in love with
Marie Diblanc, who was posing to him as Gabrielle Delacourt, an innocent
young girl from the country, when she was already very much married, and
was being searched for high and low, at that very time, by certainly more
than one desperate husband. Well, one day she persuaded M. O'Hara to take
her to a dance given by some very wealthy friends of his.

He did so, and she contrived, unknown to him of course, to smuggle me in,
and between us we walked off with something like ten thousand pounds of

M. O'Hara came to suspect her--how I don't know, unless he overheard some
stray conversation between her and some other member of our gang at one of
the restaurants they used to dine at. Anyhow, she got to know of it, and
at once resolved to have him put out of the way. It was arranged that she
should bring him to a house in Montmartre, where several of us were in
hiding, and that we should both kill and bury him there.

Well, he came, and, on perceiving that he had fallen into a trap, besought
her, if his life must be forfeited--and, anyhow, now he knew she was a
thief he wouldn't have it otherwise--to take it herself. This she
eventually agreed to do, and, lying in her arms, he allowed her to press a
poison-bag over his mouth, and so put him to death. His body was taken to
the Seine that night in a fiacre and dropped in. Fécamps added that it was
the only occasion upon which he had seen Marie Diblanc really moved, and
he believed she was a trifle fond of the Irishman, that is to say, if she
could be genuinely fond of anyone.

Menzies, who was of course deeply interested, extracted every particle of
information he could out of the man, but nothing would make the latter
admit a word as to what had become of Diblanc.

"If I go to hell," he said, "she is certain to go there, too; for bad as I
am, I believe her to be infinitely worse; worse, a hundred times worse
than any Apache man I have ever met. And yet, depraved and evil as she is,
I love her, and shall never know a second's happiness till she joins me."

The man died; and Menzies, as he made a sketch of his swinging body, felt
thoroughly satisfied at last that the ghost he had seen outside the
fortifications of Monsouris was the good and beautiful Banshee, the
Banshee that only manifested itself when some unusually dreadful fate was
about to overtake an O'Hara.



Another case of dual Banshee haunting that occurs to me, took place in
Spain, where so many of the oldest Irish families have settled, and was
related to me by a distant connection of mine--an O'Donnell. He well
remembered, he said, many years ago, when he was a boy, his father, who
was an officer in the Carlist Army, telling him of an adventure that
happened to him during the first outbreak of the Civil War. His father and
another young man, Dick O'Flanagan, were subalterns in a cavalry regiment
that took a prominent part in a desperate engagement with the Queen's
Army. The Carlists were being driven back, when, as a last desperate
resource, their bare handful of cavalry charged and immediately turned the
fortunes of the day. In the heat of the affray, however, Ralph O'Donnell
and Dick O'Flanagan, carried away by their enthusiasm, got separated from
the rest of the corps, and were, consequently, overpowered by sheer
numbers and taken prisoners.

In those days much brutality was shown on either side, and our two heroes,
beaten, and bruised, and starving, were dragged along in a half-fainting
condition, amid the taunts and gibings of their captors, till they were
finally lodged in the filthy dungeon of an old mountain castle, where they
were informed they would be kept till the hour appointed for their
execution. The moment they were alone, they made the most strenuous
efforts to unloosen the thongs of tough cowhide with which their hands and
feet were so cruelly bound together, and, after many frantic endeavours,
they at last succeeded. O'Flanagan was the first to get free, and as soon
as his numbed limbs allowed him to do so, he crawled to the side of his
friend and liberated him, too. They then examined the room as best they
could in the dark, and decided their only hope of escape lay in the
chimney, which, luckily for them, was one of those old-fashioned
structures, wide enough to admit the passage of a full-grown person. Ralph
began the ascent first, and, after several fruitless efforts, during which
he bumped and bruised himself and made such a noise that O'Flanagan feared
he would be heard by the guard outside, he eventually managed to obtain a
foothold and make sufficient progress for O'Flanagan to follow in his

In everything they did that night luck favoured them. On emerging from the
chimney on to the roof of the castle, they were rejoiced to find a tree
growing so near to one of the walls that they had little difficulty in
gripping hold of one of its branches and so descending in safety to the
ground. The guards apparently were asleep, at least none were to be seen
anywhere, and so, feeling their way cautiously in and out a thick growth
of trees and bushes, they soon got altogether clear of the premises, and
found themselves once again free, but in a part of the country with which
they were totally unacquainted. Two hours tramping along a tortuous, hilly
high road, or to give it a more appropriate name, track, for it was
nothing more, at last brought them to a wayside inn where, in spite of the
advanced hour--for it was between one and two o'clock in the morning--they
determined to risk inquiry for a night's shelter. I say "risk" because
there was a strong spirit of partisanship abroad, and it was quite as
likely as not that the inn people were adherents of the Queen.

Ralph knocked repeatedly, and the door was at length opened by a young
girl who, holding a candlestick in one hand, sleepily rubbed her eyes
with the other and, in rather petulant tones, asked what the gentlemen
meant by coming to the house at such an unearthly hour and waking everyone
up. Ralph and O'Flanagan were so struck by her appearance that for some
seconds they could only stand gaping at her, deprived of all power of
speech. Such a vision of loveliness neither of them had seen for many a
long day, and both were more than ordinarily susceptible where the fair
sex was concerned. Dark, like most of the girls are in Spain, she was not
swarthy, but had, on the other hand, a most singularly fair complexion,
devoid of that tendency to hairiness which is apparent in so many of the
women of that country. Her features were, perhaps, a trifle too bold, but
in strict proportion, and her eyes a wee bit hard, though the shape and
colour of them--by candlelight an almost purplish grey--were singularly
beautiful. She had very white teeth, too, though there was a something
about her mouth, in the setting of the lips when they were closed for
instance, and in the general expression, that puzzled Ralph, and which was
destined to return to his mind many times afterwards.

Ralph noticed, too, that her hands were not those of a peasant class, of a
class that has to do much rough and hard work, but that they were white
and well-kept, the fingers tapering and the nails long and almond shaped.
She wore several rings and bracelets, and seemed altogether different from
the type of girl one would have expected to find in such a very
unpretentious kind of building, situated, too, in such a very remote spot.

Ralph was not quite as impulsive as his friend, and although, as I have
said, very susceptible, was not so far led away by his feelings as to be
altogether incapable of observation.

His first impressions of the girl were that, although she was
extraordinarily pretty, there was something--apart even from her
mouth--that he could not fathom, and which caused him a vague uneasiness;
he noticed it particularly when her glance wandered to their
travel-stained uniforms, and momentarily alighted on O'Flanagan's solitary
ring, which contained a ruby and was a kind of family mascot, akin to the
famous cathach of Count Daniel O'Donnell of Tirconnell; and she muttered
something which Ralph fancied had reference to the word "Carlists," and
then, as if conscious he was watching her, she raised her eyes quickly
and, in tones of sleepy indifference this time, asked what the gentlemen
wanted. Ralph immediately replied that they required a bed with breakfast,
not too early, and, perhaps, later on--luncheon. He added that if the inn
was full they wouldn't in the least mind sleeping in a barn or stable.

"All we want," he said, "is to lie down somewhere with a roof over our
heads, for we are terribly tired."

At the mention of a stable the girl smiled, saying she could offer them
something rather better than that; and, bidding both follow her upstairs,
with as little noise as possible, she conducted them to a large room with
a very low ceiling, and, having deposited the candlestick on a chest of
drawers, she wished them good night and noiselessly withdrew.

"Rather better than our late quarters in the prison," Ralph exclaimed,
taking a survey of the apartment, "but a wee bit gloomy."

"Nonsense!" O'Flanagan retorted. "The only gloomy things here are your own
thoughts. I want to stay here always, for I never saw a prettier girl or a
cosier-looking bed."

He began to undress as he spoke, and in a few minutes both young men were
stretched out at full length fast asleep.

About two hours later Ralph awoke with a violent start to hear distinct
sounds of footsteps tiptoeing their way softly along the passage outside
towards their room door. In an instant all his faculties were on the
alert, and he sat up in bed and listened. Then something stirred in the
corner by the window, and, glancing in that direction, he saw to his
astonishment the figure of a tall slim girl, in a long, loose, flowing
gown of some dark material, with a very pale face, beautifully chiselled,
though by no means strictly classical features, and masses of shining
golden hair that fell in rippling confusion on to her neck and shoulders.
The idea that she was the Banshee instantly occurred to him. From his
father's description of her, for his father had often spoken to him about
her, she and the beautiful woman, whom he was now looking at, were
certainly very much alike; besides, as the Banshee, when his father saw
her, was crying, and this woman was crying--crying most bitterly, her
whole body swaying to and fro as if racked with the most poignant
sorrow--he could not help thinking that the identity between them was
established, and that they were, in fact, one and the same person.

As he was still gazing at her with the most profound pity and admiration,
his attention was suddenly directed, by an odd scratching sound, to the
window, where he saw, pressed against the glass, and looking straight in
at him, a face which in every detail presented the most startling
contrast to that upon which his eyes had, but a second ago, been feasting.
It was so evil that he felt sure it could only emanate from the lowest
Inferno, and it leered at him with such appalling malignancy that, brave
man as he had proved himself on the field of battle, he now completely
lost his nerve, and would have called out, had not both figures suddenly
vanished, their disappearance being immediately followed by the most
agonising, heart-rending screams, intermingled with loud laughter and
diabolical chuckling, which, for the moment, completely paralysed him. The
screams continued for some seconds, during which time every atom of blood
in Ralph's veins seemed to freeze, and then there was silence--deep and
sepulchral silence. Afraid to be any longer in the dark, Ralph jumped out
of bed and lit the candle, and, as he did so, he distinctly heard
footsteps move hurriedly away from the door and go stealthily tiptoeing
down the passage.

As may be imagined, he did not sleep again for some time, not, indeed,
until daylight, when he gradually fell into a doze, from which he was
eventually aroused by loud thumps on the door, and the voice of the pretty
inn maiden announcing that it was time to get up.

After breakfast he narrated his experience in the night to O'Flanagan,
who, somewhat to his astonishment, did not laugh, but exclaimed quite

"Why, you have seen our Banshee. At least, the girl in green is our
Banshee. I saw her before the death of a cousin of mine, and she appeared
to my mother the night before my father died. I don't know what the other
apparition could have been, unless it was what my father used to term the
'hateful Banshee,' which he said was only supposed to appear before some
very dreadful catastrophe, worse even than death, if anything could be

"You haven't the monopoly of Banshees," Ralph laughed. "We have one too,
and I am positive the woman I saw--the beautiful woman I mean--was the
O'Donnell Banshee. I would have you know that the Limerick O'Donnells,
with whom I am connected, are quite as old a family as the O'Flanagans;
they are, indeed, directly descended from Niall of the Nine Hostages."

"So are we," O'Flanagan answered hotly, then he burst out laughing. "Well,
well," he said, "fancy quarrelling about anything as immaterial as a
Banshee. But, anyhow, if they were Banshees that you saw last night,
they're a bit out in their calculations. They should have come before that
skirmish, not after it; unless it's the death of some relative of one of
us they're prophesying. I hope it's not my sister."

"I don't imagine it has anything to do with you," Ralph replied. "They
were both looking at me."

He was about to say something further, when O'Flanagan, seeing the young
girl come into the room to clear away the breakfast things, at once began
talking to her; and as it was only too evident that he wanted the field to
himself, for he was obviously head over ears in love, Ralph got up and
announced his intention of taking a walk round the premises.

"Don't go in the wood, Señor, whatever you do," the girl observed, "for it
is infested with brigands. They do not interfere with us because we were
once good to one of their sick folk--and the Spaniard, brigand though he
may be, never forgets a kindness--but they attack strangers, and you will
be well advised to keep to the high road."

"Which is the nearest town?" Ralph demanded.

"Trijello," the girl answered, the same curious expression creeping into
her eyes that had puzzled Ralph so much before, and which he found
impossible to analyse. "It is about eight miles from here. Don Hervado,
the Governor, is a Carlist, and was entertaining some Carlist soldiers
there yesterday."

"Good!" Ralph exclaimed. "I will walk there. Will you come with me, Dick,
or will you wait here till I return. I don't suppose I shall be back much
before the evening."

"Oh, don't hurry," O'Flanagan laughed, eyeing the girl rapturously, "I am
perfectly happy here, and want a rest badly. Don't, whatever you do, let
on to anyone connected with headquarters where we are. Let them go on
imagining, for a while, we are dead."

"The Señors have been in a battle, yes?" the girl interrupted, shyly.

"A battle," O'Flanagan laughed, "not half one. Why, we were taken
prisoners and only escaped hanging through my unparalleled wits and
perseverance. However, I don't in the least bemoan the perils and
hardships we have undergone, for, had events turned out otherwise, we
should never have had the joy of seeing you, Señora," and catching hold of
her hand, before she could prevent him, he pressed it fervently to his
lips, smothering it with kisses.

Thinking it was high time to be off, Ralph now took his departure. A
couple of hours' walking brought him to Trijello, where, but for a lucky
incident, he might have found himself landed in a quandary. As he was
entering the outskirts of the town he met an old peasant, staggering
under a sack of onions, and no sooner did the latter catch sight of his
uniform than he at once called out:

"Señor, if you value your liberty, you won't enter Trijello in that
costume. The Governor is the sworn enemy of all Carlists, and has given
strict orders that, anyone with leanings towards that party shall be put
under arrest at once."

"Are you sure?" Ralph exclaimed. "Why, I was told it was just the other
way about, and that he was a strong adherent of our cause."

"Whoever told you that, lied," the old man responded, "for he had a nephew
of mine shot only yesterday morning for saying in public he hoped that
wretched weakling of a woman would soon be put off the throne and we
should have someone who was fit to govern--meaning Don Carlos--in her
place. Take my advice, Señor, and either change those clothes at once or
give Trijello as wide a berth as possible."

Ralph then asked him if there was any place near at hand where he could
purchase a civilian suit, and, on being informed that there was a Jew's
shop within a few minutes' walk, he thanked the old man most cordially for
giving him so friendly a warning, and at once proceeded there.

To cut a long story short he bought the clothes and, thus disguised, went
on into the town, and, with the object of picking up any information he
could with regard to the enemy's forces, he dined at the principal hotel,
and listened attentively to the conversation that was taking place all
around him. Later on in the day some Christino soldiers arrived, officers
on the staff of one of the Royalist generals, and Ralph decided to remain
in the hotel for the night and see if he could get hold of some really
definite news that might be of value to his own headquarters. Learning
that someone would be leaving the hotel shortly and passing by the inn
where O'Flanagan was staying, he gave them a note to give to his friend,
stating that he could not be back till the following day, perhaps about
noon. He then took up his seat before the parlour fire, apparently
absorbed in reading the latest bulletin from Madrid, but in reality
keeping his ears well open for any conversation that might be worth
transcribing in his pocket-book. Nor was he disappointed, for the
Christino soldiers waxed very talkative over some of mine host's best
port, and disclosed many secrets concerning the movements of the Queen's
forces, that would have most certainly entailed a court martial, had it
but come to the notice of their general.

That night, though the room he was given was quite bright and cheerful,
and very different from the one he had occupied the night before, his
mind was so full of grim apprehension that he found it quite impossible
to sleep. He kept thinking of the vision he had seen--that lovely, fairy
face of the girl with the golden hair, her adorable eyes, her heavenly,
albeit very human mouth; she was so perfect, so angelic, so full of
delicious sympathy and pity; so unlike any earthly woman he had ever met;
and then that other face--those intensely evil, pale green eyes, that
sinister mocking mouth, that dreadfully disordered mass of matted,
tow-coloured hair. It was too hellish--too inconceivably foul and baneful
to dare think about, and seized with a fit of shuddering, he thrust his
head under the bedclothes, lest he should see it again appearing before
him. What, he wondered, did they portend? Not some horrible happening to
Dick. He had always understood that the one who neither sees nor hears the
Banshee during its manifestations is the one that is doomed to die. And
yet Dick was assuredly as safe in that inn as he was here--here,
surrounded on all sides by his enemies. Once or twice he fancied he heard
his name called, and so realistic was it, that, forgetful of his dread of
seeing something satanic in the room, he at last sat up in bed and
listened. All was still, however; there were no sounds at all; none
whatever, saving the gentle whispering of the wind, as it swept softly
past the window, and the far-away hooting of a night bird. Then he lay
down again, and once more there seemed to come to him from somewhere very
close at hand a voice that articulated very clearly and plaintively his
name--Ralph, Ralph, Ralph!--three times in quick succession, and then
ceased. Nor did he hear it again.

Tired and unrested, he got up early and, paying his bill, set off with
long, rapid strides in the direction of the wayside inn. There was an air
of delightful peace and tranquillity about the place when he arrived. All
the sunbeams seemed to have congregated in just that one spot, and to have
converted the walls and window-panes of the little old-fashioned building
into sheets of burnished gold. Birds twittered merrily on the tree-tops
and under the eaves of the roof, and the most delicious smell of
honeysuckle and roses permeated the whole atmosphere.

Ralph was enchanted, and all his grim forebodings of the night before were
instantly dissipated. The abode was truly named "The Travellers' Rest"; it
might even have been styled "The Travellers' Paradise," for all seemed so
calm and serene--so truly heavenly. He rapped at the door, and, after some
moments, rapped again. He then heard footsteps, which somehow seemed
strangely familiar, cautiously come along the stone passage and pause at
the other side of the door, as if their owner were in doubt whether to
open it or not.

Again he rapped, and this time the door was opened, and the young girl
appeared. She looked rather pale, but was very much sprucer and smarter
than she had been when Ralph last saw her. She wore a very bewitching kind
of gipsy frock of red velvet--the skirt very short and the bodice adorned
with masses of shining silver coins, whilst her feet were clad in very
smart, dainty shoes, also red, with big silver buckles.

"Your friend's gone," she said. "He seemed very upset at your not turning
up last night, and went away directly after breakfast."

"But didn't he get my note?" Ralph exclaimed, "and didn't he leave any

"No, Señor," the girl replied. "No note came for him, but he said he would
try and call in here again to-morrow morning, to see if you had arrived."

"And he didn't say where he had gone?"


Ralph eyed her quizzically. She certainly was wonderfully pretty, and,
marvellous to relate, did not smell of garlic. Yes, he would stay, and try
and come under the fascination of her beauty as Dick had done. And yet,
why had Dick gone off in such a hurry? What had this starry-eyed creature
done to offend him? Ralph knew O'Flanagan was at times apt to be
over-impulsive and hasty in his love-makings. Had he got on a bit too
rapidly? Spanish girls are very easily upset, and perhaps this one had a
lover in the background. Perhaps she was married. That seemed to him the
most feasible explanation for Dick's absence. To be offended at his not
turning up last night was all nonsense. Ralph knew his friend far too well
for that. Anyhow, he decided to stay, and the girl offered him the room he
and Dick had previously occupied. Only, she explained, he must not go in
it till later on in the day, as it was going to be cleaned.

After luncheon, which he sat down to alone, as the girl, despite his
pressing invitation, refused to partake of the meal with him, on the plea
that she had many things to attend to, he went a little way up the
hillside at the back of the premises, and enjoyed a quiet siesta under the
shadow of the trees. Indeed, he slept so long that the twilight had well
set in before he awoke and once again made tracks for the inn.

This time he entered by a doorway in the rear of the house, and, in a
small paved courtyard, saw the girl, habited in a rather more workaday
attire, but with her hair still very coquettishly decorated with ribbons,
sharpening a long glistening knife on a big grinding stone, which she was
turning round and round with the skill of a past mistress of the art.

"Hulloa!" he exclaimed. "What are you up to? Not sharpening that blade to
stick me with, I hope."

"The Señor has heard of pigs," the girl replied, showing her beautiful
teeth in a smile, almost amounting to a grin. "Well, I'm going to kill one

"Good heavens!" Ralph ejaculated, glancing incredulously at the white,
rounded arms and the long, slim, tapering fingers. "You kill a pig! Do you
do all the work of this house? Is there no one else here to help you?"

"Oh, yes, Señor," the girl laughed. "There is Isabella, an old woman who
comes here every day to do all the hard rough work, and my aunt, but there
are certain jobs they can't do because their eyesight is not very good,
and their hands lack the skill. The gentleman looks shocked, but is there
anything so very dreadful in killing a pig? One slash and it is quickly
done--very quickly. We have to live somehow, and, after all, the Señor is
a soldier--he follows the vocation of killing!"

"Oh, yes, it is all very well for big, rough men. One somehow associates
them with deeds of violence and bloodshed. But with beautiful, dainty
girls like you it is different. You should shudder at the very thought of
blood, and be all pity and compassion."

"But not for pigs," the girl laughed, "nor for Señors. Now please go in
and sit in the parlour, or my aunt will hear me talking to you and accuse
me of wasting my time."

Ralph reluctantly obeyed, and drawing his chair close up to the parlour
fire--for the summer evenings in Spain are often very chilly--was soon
deeply absorbed in plans and speculations as to the future. After supper,
when the young girl came into the room to clear the table, Ralph noticed
that she was once again wearing the gay apparel she had worn earlier in
the day; and all in red, even to the ribbons in her hair, she seemed to be
dressed more coquettishly than ever. She was also inclined to be more
communicative, and in response to Ralph's invitation to partake of a glass
of wine with him, she fetched an armchair and came and planted it close
beside him.

Pretty as he had thought her before, she now appeared to him to be
indescribably lovely, and the longer he stared at her, stared into the
depths of her large, beautifully shaped purplish grey eyes, the more and
more hopelessly enslaved did he become, till, in the end, he realised she
had him completely at her mercy, and that he was most madly and
desperately in love with her.

They drank together, and so absorbed was he in gazing at her eyes--indeed
he never ceased gazing at them--that he did not observe what he was
drinking or how many times she filled up his glass. If she had given him a
poisoned goblet, it would have been all the same, he would have drained it
off and kissed her hands and feet with his dying breath.

"Now, Señor," she said at length, after he had held her hand to his lips
and literally smothered it in kisses, "now, Señor, it is time for you to
go to bed. We do not keep late hours here, and to-morrow, Señor, if he is
still in the same state of mind, will have plenty of time for repeating to
me his sentiments."

"To-morrow," Ralph stuttered. "To-morrow, that is a tremendous way off,
and isn't it to-morrow that that fellow O'Flanagan is coming?"

The girl laughed. "Yes," she said saucily, "there will be two of you
to-morrow, the one as bad as the other, and I did think, Señor, you were
the steadier of the two. Well, well, you are both soldiers, and soldiers
were ever gay dogs; but you must be careful, Señor, you and your friend do
not quarrel, for, as you know, more than one friendship has been
terminated through the witching glance of a lady's eyes, and you both seem
to like looking into mine."

"What!" Ralph stuttered angrily. "Did that fellow Dick look at you? Did he
dare to look at you? Damn----" but before he could utter another syllable,
the girl put her soft little hand over his mouth and pushed him gently to
the door.

Alternately making wild love to her and passionately denouncing Dick,
Ralph then allowed himself to be got upstairs to his room by pushes and
coaxings, and, as he made a last frantic effort to kiss and fondle her,
the door slammed in his face and he found himself--alone.

For some moments he stood tugging and twisting at the door handle, and
then, finding that his efforts had no effect, he was staggering off to the
bed with the intention of getting into it just as he was, when he caught
his foot on something and fell with a crash to the floor, striking his
face smartly on the edge of a chair. For a moment or so he was partially
stunned, but, the flow of blood from his nose relieving him, he gradually
came to his senses, all trace of his drunkenness having completely
vanished. The first thing he did then was to look at the carpet which, by
a stroke of luck, was crimson, a most pronounced, virulent crimson,
exactly the colour of his blood. The spot where he had fallen was close
to the bed, and, as his eyes wandered along the carpet by the side of the
bed, he fancied he saw another damp patch. He at once fetched the candle
and had a closer look.

Yes, there was a great splash of moisture on the floor, near the head of
the bed, just about in a line with the pillow. He applied his finger to
the patch and then held it to the light--it was wet with blood.

Filled with a sickening sense of apprehension, Ralph now proceeded to make
a careful examination of the room, and, lifting the lid of a huge oak
chest that stood in one corner, he was horrified to perceive the naked
body of a man lying at the bottom of it, all huddled up.

Gently raising the body and bending down to examine it, Ralph received a
second shock. The face that looked up at him with such utter lack of
expression in its big, bulging, glassy eyes was that of the once gay and
humorous Dick O'Flanagan.

The manner of his death was only too obvious. His throat had been cut, not
cleanly as a man would have done it, but with repeated hacks and slashes,
that pointed all too clearly to a woman's handiwork.

This then explained it all, explained the curious something in the girl's
eyes and mouth he had noticed when he first saw her; explained, too, the
stealthy, tiptoeing footsteps in the passage that night, the reason for
the appearance of the Banshees, the eagerness with which the girl had
plied him with wine, her red dress--and--the red carpet.

But why had she done it--for mere sordid robbery, or because they were
Carlists. Then recollecting the look she had fixed on the ruby in Dick's
ring, the answer seemed clear. It was, of course, robbery. Snake-like, she
used those beautiful eyes of hers to fascinate her victims--to lull them
into a false sense of security; and then, when they had wholly succumbed
to love and wine, of which she gave them their fill, she butchered them.

Murders in Spanish inns were by no means uncommon about that time, and
even at a much later date, and had this murder been committed by some old
and ugly and cross-grained "host," Ralph would not have been surprised,
but for this girl to have done it--this girl so young and enchanting, why
it was almost inconceivable, and he would not have believed it, had not
the grim proofs of it lain so close at hand. What was he to do? Of course,
now that he was sober and in the full possession of his faculties, it was
ridiculous for him to be afraid of a girl, even though she were armed;
but supposing she had confederates, and it was scarcely likely she would
be alone in the house.

No, he must try and escape; but how! He examined the window, it was
heavily barred; he tried the door, it was locked on the outside; he looked
up the chimney, it was far too narrow to admit the passage of anyone even
half his size.

He was done, and the only thing he could do was to wait. To wait till the
girl tiptoed into the room to kill, and then--he couldn't bear the idea of
fighting with her, even though she had so cruelly murdered poor Dick--make
his escape.

With this end in view he blew out the candle, and, lying on the bed,
pretended to be fast asleep.

In about an hour's time he heard steps, soft, cautious footsteps, ascend
the staircase and come stealing surreptitiously towards his door. Then
they paused, and he instinctively knew she was listening. He breathed
heavily, just as a man would do who had drunk not wisely but too well, and
had consequently fallen into a deep sleep. Presently, there was a slight
movement of the door handle.

He continued breathing, and the movement was repeated. Still more
stentorian breaths, and the handle this time was completely turned. Very
gently he crept off the bed to the door, and, as it slowly opened and a
figure in red, looking terribly ghostly and sinister, slipped in, so he
suddenly shot past and made a bolt for the passage. There was a wild
shriek, something whizzed past his head and fell with a loud clatter on
the floor, and all the doors in the house downstairs seemed to open
simultaneously. Reaching the head of the stairs in a few bounds, he was
down them in a trice. A hideous old hag rushed at him with a hatchet,
whilst another aged creature, whose sex he could not determine, aimed a
wild blow at him with some other instrument, but Ralph avoided them both,
and, reaching the front door, which providentially for him was merely
locked, not bolted, he was speedily out of the house and into the broad

The screams of the women producing answering echoes from the wood in the
hoarser shouts of men, Ralph took to his heels, nor did he stop running
until he was well on his way to Trijello.

He did not, however, go to the latter town, fearing that the inn people
might follow him there and get him arrested as a Carlist; instead, he
struck off the high road along a side path, and, luckily for him, about
noon fell in with an advanced guard of the Carlist Army.

His troubles then, for a time at least, ceased; but to his lasting regret
he was never able to avenge Dick's death; for when the war was at last
over and he had succeeded in persuading the local authorities to take the
matter in hand, the inn was found to be empty and deserted. Nor was the
pretty murderess ever seen or heard of again in that neighbourhood.



Although the Banshee haunting referred to in my last chapter occurred
during a war, the manifestations did not take place on the battle-field;
nor were they actually due to the fighting. At the same time it cannot be
denied that they were the outcome of it, for had our two lieutenants not
been fighting desperately in a skirmish and got separated from the main
body of the Army, in all probability they never would have visited the
wayside inn, and the Banshee manifestations there would never have

There are, however, many instances on record of Banshee manifestations
occurring on the battle-field, either immediately before or after, or even
whilst the fighting was actually taking place. Mr McAnnaly, in his "Irish
Wonders," p. 117, says:

     "Before the Battle of the Boyne, Banshees were heard singing in the
     air over the Irish camp, the truth of the prophecy being verified by
     the death roll of the next morning."

Now several of my own immediate ancestors took part in the Battle of the
Boyne,[10] and according to a family tradition one of them both saw and
heard the Banshee. He was sitting in the camp, the night prior to the
fighting, conversing with several other officers, including his brother
Daniel, when, feeling an icy wind coming from behind and blowing down his
back, he turned round to look for his cloak which he had discarded a short
time before, owing to the heat from a fire close beside them. The cloak
was not there, and, as he turned round still further to look for it, he
perceived to his astonishment the figure of a woman, swathed from head to
foot in a mantle of some dark flowing material, standing a few feet behind
him. Wondering who on earth she could be, but supposing she must be a
relative or friend of one of the officers, for her mantle looked costly,
and her hair--of a marvellous golden hue--though hanging loose on her
shoulders, was evidently well cared for, he continued to gaze at her with
curiosity. Then he gradually perceived that she was shaking--shaking all
over, with what he at first imagined must be laughter; but from the
constant clenching of her hands and heaving of her bosom, he finally
realised that she was weeping, and he was further assured on this point,
when a sudden gust of wind, blowing back her mantle, he caught a full view
of her face.

Its beauty electrified him. Her cheeks were as white as marble, but her
features were perfect, and her eyes the most lovely he had ever seen. He
was about to address her, to inquire if he could be of any service to her,
when, someone calling out and asking him what on earth he was doing, she
at once began to melt away, and, amalgamating with the soft background of
grey mist that was creeping towards them from the river, finally

He thought of her, however, some hours later, when they were all lying
down, endeavouring to snatch a few hours' sleep, and presently fancied he
saw, in dim, shadowy outline, her fair face and figure, her big, sorrowful
eyes, gazing pitifully first at one and then at another of his companions,
but particularly at one, a mere boy, who was lying wrapped in his military
cloak, close beside the smouldering embers of the fire. He fancied that
she approached this youths and, bending over him, stroked his short, curly
hair with her delicate fingers.

Thinking that possibly he might be asleep and dreaming, he rubbed his eyes
vigorously, but the outlines were still there, momentarily becoming
stronger and stronger, more and more distinct, until he realised with a
great thrill that she actually was there, just as certainly as she had
been when he had first seen her.

He was so intent watching her and wishing she would leave the youth and
come to him, that he did not notice that one of his comrades had seen her,
too, until the latter, who had raised himself into a half-sitting posture,
spoke; then, just as before, the figure of the girl melted away, and
seemed to become absorbed in the dark and shadowy background.

A moment later, he heard, just over his head, a loud moaning and wailing
that lasted for several seconds and then died away in one long, protracted
sob that suggested mental anguish of an indescribably forlorn and hopeless

The deaths of most of his companions of the night, including that of the
curly haired boy, occurred on the following day.

But the Banshee, although of course appearing to soldiers of Irish birth
only, does not confine its attentions to those who are fighting on their
native soil; it has been stated that she frequently manifested herself to
Irishmen engaged on active service abroad during the Napoleonic Wars, and
also to those serving in America during the Civil War.

With regard to the Banshee demonstrations in connection with the
Napoleonic campaigns, I have not been able to acquire any written record;
but as the result of numerous letters sent out by me broadcast in quest of
information, I was asked by several people to call either at their houses
or clubs, and, gladly accepting their invitations, I learned from them the
incidents which, with their permission, I am now about to relate.

Miss O'Higgins, an aged lady, residing, prior to the late war, close to
Fifth Avenue, New York, and visiting, when I met her, a friend in the Rue
Campagne Première, Paris, told me that she well remembered her grandfather
telling her when she was a child that he heard the Banshee at Talavera, a
day or two prior to the great battle. He was serving with the Spanish
Army, having married the daughter of a Spanish officer, and had no idea at
the time that there were any men of Irish extraction in his corps.
Bivouacking with about a hundred other soldiers in a valley, and happening
to awake in the night with an ungovernable thirst, he made his way down to
the banks of the river that flowed near by, drank his fill, and was in the
act of returning, when he was startled to hear a most agonising scream,
quickly followed by another, and then another, all proceeding apparently
from the camp, whither he was wending his steps. Wondering what on earth
could have happened, and inclining to the belief that it must be in some
way connected with one of those women thieves who prowled about everywhere
at night, robbing and murdering, with equal impunity, wherever they saw a
chance, he quickened his pace, only to find, on his arrival at the camp,
no sign whatever of the presence of any woman, although the screaming was
going on as vigorously as ever. The sounds seemed to come first from one
part of the camp, and then from another, but to be always overhead, as if
uttered by invisible beings, hovering at a height of some six or seven
feet, or, perhaps, more, above the ground, and although Lieutenant
O'Higgins had at first attributed these sounds to one person only, on
listening attentively he fancied he could detect several different
voices--all women's--and he eventually came to the conclusion that at
least three or four phantasms must have been present. As he stood there
listening, not knowing what else to do, the wailing and sobbing seemed to
grow more and more harrowing, until it affected him so much that, hardened
as he had become to all kinds of misery and violence, he, too, felt like
weeping, out of sheer sympathy. However, this state of affairs did not
last long, for at the sound of a musket shot (that of a sentry, as
Lieutenant O'Higgins afterwards ascertained, giving a false alarm in some
distant part of the camp) the wailing and sobbing abruptly and completely
ceased, and was never, the Lieutenant declared, heard by him again.

On mentioning the matter to one of his brother officers in the morning,
the latter, no little interested and surprised, at once said: "You have
undoubtedly heard the Banshee. Poor D----, who fell at Corunna, often used
to tell me about it, and, you may depend upon it, there are some Irishmen
in camp now, and it was their funeral dirge that you listened to."

What he said proved to be quite correct, for, on inquiring, Lieutenant
O'Higgins discovered three of the soldiers who had been sleeping around
him that evening had Irish names, and were, unquestionably, of ancient
Irish origin; and all of them perished on the bloody field of Talavera,
twenty-four hours later.

A story relating to an O'Farrell, who was with the Spanish in the same
war, was also told me by Miss O'Higgins; but whether this O'Farrell was
the famous general of that name or not I do not know. The story ran as

It was the day prior to the fall of Badajoz, and O'Farrell, who was in
Badajoz at the time, a prisoner of the French, was invited to partake of
supper with some Spanish-Irish friends of his of the name of McMahon. The
French, it may be observed, were, as a rule, rather more lenient to their
Irish prisoners than to their English, and O'Farrell was allowed to ramble
about Badajoz in perfect freedom, a mere pledge being extracted from him
that he wouldn't stroll outside the boundaries of the town without special
permission. On the night in question O'Farrell left his quarters in high
spirits. He liked the McMahons, especially the youngest daughter
Katherine, with whom he was very much in love. He deemed his case
hopeless, however, as Mr McMahon, who was poor, had often said none of his
daughters should marry, unless it were someone who was wealthy enough to
ensure them being well provided for, should they be left a widow; and as
O'Farrell had nothing but his pay, which was meagre enough in all
conscience, he saw no prospect of his ever being able to propose to the
object of his affections. Had he been strong-minded enough, he told
himself, he would have at once said good-bye to Katherine, and never have
allowed himself to see or even think of her again; but, poor weakling that
he was, he could not bear the idea of taking a final peep into her
eyes--the eyes that he had idealised into his heaven and everything that
made life worth living for--and so he kept accepting invitations to their
house and throwing himself across her path, whenever the slightest
opportunity presented itself.

And now he found himself once more speeding to meet her, telling himself
repeatedly that it should be the last time, but at the same time making up
his mind that it should be nothing of the sort. He arrived at the house
far too early, of course--he always did--and was shown into a room to wait
there till the family had finished their evening toilets. Large glass
doors opened out of the room on to a veranda, and O'Farrell, stepping out
on to the latter, leaned over the iron railings, and gazed into the
semi-courtyard, semi-garden below, in the centre of which was a fountain
surmounted by the marble statue of a very beautiful maiden, that his
instinct told him was an exact image of his beloved Katherine. He was
gazing at it, revelling in the delightful anticipation of meeting the
flesh and blood counterpart of it in a very short time, when sounds of
music, of someone playing a very, very sad and plaintive air on the harp,
came to him through the open doorway. Much surprised, for none of the
family as far as he knew were harpists, nor had he, indeed, ever seen a
harp in the house, he turned round; but, to add to his astonishment, no
one was there. The room was apparently just as empty as when he had been
ushered into it, and yet the music unquestionably emanated from it.
Considerably mystified, for every now and then there was a peculiar
far-offness in the sounds which he could liken to nothing he had ever
heard before, he remained on the veranda, prevented by a strange feeling
of awe, and something very akin to dread, from venturing into the room.

He was thus occupied, half standing and half leaning against the framework
of the glass door, when the harping abruptly ceased, and he heard moanings
and sobbings as of a woman suffering from paroxysms of the most intense
and violent grief. Combatting with a great fear that now began to seize
him, he summed up the resolution to peep once more into the room, but
though his eyes took in the whole range of the room, he could perceive no
spot where anyone could possibly be in hiding, and nothing that would in
any way account for the sounds. There was nothing in front of him but
walls, furniture, and--space. Not a living creature. What then caused
those sounds? He was asking himself this question, when the door opened,
and Mr McMahon, followed by Katherine and all of the other girls, came
into the apartment; and, with their entry, the strange sounds at once

"Why, what's the matter, Mr O'Farrell," the girls said, laughingly. "You
are as white as a sheet and trembling all over. You haven't seen a ghost,
have you?"

"I haven't seen anything," O'Farrell retorted, a trifle nettled at their
gaiety, "but I've heard some rather extraordinary sounds."

"Extraordinary sounds," Katherine laughed. "What on earth do you mean?"

"Just what I say," O'Farrell remarked. "When I was on the veranda just now
I distinctly heard the sound of a harp in this room, and shortly
afterwards I heard a woman weeping."

"It must have been someone outside in the street," Mr McMahon observed
hastily, at the same time giving O'Farrell a warning glance from his dark
and penetrating eyes. "We do occasionally receive visits from street
musicians. I have something to say to you about the English and their
rumoured new attack on the town," and drawing O'Farrell aside he whispered
to him: "On no account refer to that music again. It was undoubtedly the
Banshee, the ghost that my forefathers brought over from Ireland, and it
is only heard before some very dreadful catastrophe to the family."

The following day Badajoz was stormed and entered by the English, and
in the wild scenes that ensued, scenes in which the drunken English
soldiery got completely out of hands, many Spanish--Spanish men and
women--perished, as well as French, and among the casualties were the
entire McMahon family.



Talking of phantom music, there is a widespread belief among Celtic races
that whenever it is heard proceeding from the sea, either a death or some
other great calamity is prognosticated. Such a belief is very prevalent
along the coasts of Scotland, Wales, and Cornwall, and Mr Dyer, in his
"Ghost World," p. 413, refers to it in Ireland. "Sometimes," he says,
"music is heard at sea, and it is believed in Ireland that, when a friend
or relative dies, a warning voice is discernible." To what extent this
music is connected with Banshee hauntings it is, of course, impossible to
say; but I have known cases in which it has owed its origin to the Banshee
and to the Banshee only.

During the Civil War in America, for example, a transport of Confederate
soldiers was making for Charlestown one evening, when a young Irish
officer, who was leaning over the bulwarks and gazing pensively into the
sea, was astonished to hear the very sweetest sounds of music coming
from, so it seemed to him, the very depths of the blue waters. Thinking he
must be dreaming, he called a brother officer to his side and asked him if
he could hear anything.

"Yes," the latter responded, "music, and what is more, singing. It is a
woman, and she is singing some very tender and plaintive air. How the
deuce do you account for it?"

"I don't know," the young Irishman replied, "unless it is the Banshee, and
it sounds very like the description of it that my mother used to give me.
I only hope it does not predict the death of any one of my very near

It did not do that, but oddly enough, and unknown to him at the time, a
namesake of his, whom he subsequently discovered was a second cousin,
stood not ten yards from him at the very moment he was listening to the
music, and was killed in action in a sortie from Charlestown on the
following day.

A story of a similar nature was told me in Oregon by an old Irish Federal
soldier, who was in the temporary employ of an apple merchant at Medford,
Jackson County. I don't in any way vouch for its truth, but give it just
as it was related to me.

"You ask me if I have ever come across any ghosts in America. Well, I
guess I have, several, and amongst others the Banshee. Oh, yes, I am
Irish, although I speak with the nasal twang of the regular Yank. Everyone
does who has lived in the Eastern States for any length of time. It's the
climate. My name, however, is O'Hagan, and I was born in County Clare; and
though my father was only a peasant, I'm a darned sight more Irish than
half the people who possess titles and big estates in the old country

"I emigrated from Ireland with my parents, when I was only a few weeks
old, and we settled in New York, where I was working as a porter on the
quays when the Civil War broke out. Like me, the majority of Irishmen who,
as you know, are always ready to go wherever there's the chance of doing a
bit of fighting, I at once enlisted in the Marines, for I was passionately
fond of the sea, and in due course of time was transferred to a gunboat
that patrolled the Carolina Coast on the lookout for Confederate blockade
runners. Well, one night, shortly after I had turned in and was lying in
my hammock, trying to get to sleep, which was none too easy, for one of my
mates, an ex-actor, was snoring loud enough to wake the whole ship, I
suddenly heard a tapping on the porthole close beside me. 'Hello,' says I
to myself, 'that's an odd noise. It can't be the water, nor yet the wind;
maybe it's a bird, a gull or albatross,' and I listened very attentively.
The sound went on, but it had none of that hardness and sharpness about it
that is occasioned by a beak, it was softer and more lingering, more like
the tapping of fingers. Every now and then it left off, to go on again,
tap, tap, tap, until, at last, it unnerved me to such an extent that I
jumped out of my hammock and had a peep to see what it was. To my
astonishment I saw a very white face pressed against the porthole, looking
in at me. It was the face of a woman with raven black hair that fell in
long ringlets about her neck and shoulders. She had big golden rings in
her ears, that shone like anything as the moonbeams caught them, as did
her teeth, too, which were the loveliest bits of ivory I have ever seen,
absolutely even and without the slightest mar.

"But it was her eyes that fascinated me most. They were large, not too
large, however, but in strict proportion to the rest of her face, and as
far as I could judge in the moonlight, either blue or grey, but
indescribably beautiful, and, at the same time, indescribably sad. As I
drew nearer, she shrank back, and pointed with a white and slender hand at
a spot on the sea, and then suddenly I heard music, the far-away sound of
a harp, proceeding, so it seemed to me, from about the place she had
indicated. It was a very still night, and the sounds came to me very
distinctly, above the soft lap, lap of the water against the vessel's
side, and the mechanical squish, squish made by the bows each time they
rose and fell, as the ship gently ploughed her way onwards. I was so
intent on listening that I quite forgot the figure of the woman with the
beautiful face, and when I turned to look at her again, she had gone, and
there was nothing in front of me but an endless expanse of heaving,
tossing, moonlit water. Then the music ceased, too, and all was still
again, wondrously still, and feeling unaccountably sad and lonely--for I
had taken a great fancy to that woman's face, the only what you might term
really lovely woman's face that had ever looked kindly on me--I got back
again into my hammock, and was soon fast asleep. On my touching at port,
the first letter I received from home informed me of the death of my
father, who had died the same night and just about the same time I had
seen that fairy vision and heard that fairy music.

"When I told my mother about it, some long time afterwards, she said it
was the Banshee, and that it had haunted the O'Hagan family for hundreds
and hundreds of years."

This, as I have already said, is merely a trooper's story, unconfirmed by
anyone else's evidence, and, of course, not up to the standard of S.P.R.
authority. Yet, I believe, it was related to me in perfect sincerity, and
the narrator had nothing whatever to gain through making it up. I did not
even offer him a chew of tobacco, for at that moment I was pretty nearly,
if not, indeed, quite as hard up as he was himself.

And now, before I finish altogether with Banshee hauntings that are
associated with war, I feel I must refer to a statement in Mr McAnnaly's
book, "Irish Wonders," to the effect that when the Duke of Wellington
died, the Banshee was heard wailing round the house of his ancestors. This
statement does not, in my opinion, bear inspection. I am quite ready to
grant that some kind of apparition--perhaps a family ghost he had
inherited from one or other of his Anglo-Irish ancestry--was heard
lamenting outside the domain in question; but as the family to whom the
Duke belonged could not be said to be of even anything approaching ancient
Irish extraction, I cannot conceive it possible that the disturbances
experienced were in any way due to the genuine Banshee.

To revert to the sea, and Banshee haunting. On the coast of Donegal there
is an estuary called "The Rosses," and this at one time was said to be
haunted by several kinds of phantoms, including the Banshee, which was
reported to have manifested itself on quite a number of occasions.

Under the heading of "An Irish Water-fiend," Bourke, in his "Anecdotes of
the Aristocracy" (i. 329), relates the following case of a ghostly
happening there, which, although not due to a Banshee, is so
characteristic of Irish supernatural phenomena that I cannot refrain from
quoting it.

In the autumn of 1777 the Rev. James Crawford, rector of the parish of
Killina, County Leitrim, was riding on horseback with his sister-in-law,
Miss Hannah Wilson, on a pillion behind him, along the road leading to the
"The Rosses," and, on reaching the estuary, he at once proceeded to cross
it. After they had gone some distance, Miss Wilson, noticing that the
water touched the saddle laps, became so alarmed that she cried out and
besought Mr Crawford to turn the horse round and get back to land as
quickly as possible.

"I do not think there can be danger," Mr Crawford answered, "for I see a
horseman crossing the ford not twenty yards before us."

To this Miss Wilson, who also saw the horseman, replied:

"You had better hail him and inquire the depth of the intervening water."

Mr Crawford at once did so, whereupon the horseman stopped and, turning
round, revealed a face distorted by the most hideous grin conceivable,
and so frightfully white and evil that the luckless clergyman promptly
beat a retreat, and made no attempt to check the mad haste of his panicked
steed till he had left the estuary many miles behind him.

On arriving home he narrated the incident to his wife and family, and
subsequently learned that the estuary was well known to be haunted by
several phantoms, whose mission was invariably the same, either to
foretell the doom by drowning of the person to whom they appeared, or else
to actually bring about the death of that person by luring them on and on,
until they got out of their depth, and so perished.

One would have thought that Mr Crawford, after the experience just
narrated, would have given the estuary a very wide berth in future; but no
such thing. He again attempted to cross the ford of "The Rosses" on 27th
September, 1777, and was drowned in the endeavour.

Among many thrilling and (so it struck me at the time) authentic stories
told me in my youth by a Mrs Broderick, a well-known vendor of oranges and
chocolate in Bristol, were several stirring accounts of the Banshee. I was
at the time a day boy at Clifton College, residing not very far from the
school, and Mrs Broderick, who used to visit our house every week with
her wares, took a particular interest in me because I was Irish--one of
"the real old O'Donnells." She was a native of Cork, and had, I believe,
migrated from that city in the _Juno_, an old cattle boat, that for more
than twenty years plied regularly every week between Cork and Bristol
carrying a handful of passengers, who, for the cheapness of the fare, made
the best of the rolling and tossing and extremely limited space allotted
for their accommodation. In later years I often travelled to and from
Dublin and Bristol in the _Argo_, the _Juno's_ sister ship, so I speak
feelingly and from experience. But to proceed with Mrs Broderick's Banshee

The one containing an account of a Banshee haunting on the sea I will
narrate in this chapter, and the other, which has no connection with
either sea or river, I will deal with later on.

Before I commence either story, however, I would like to say that though
Mrs Broderick spoke with a rich brogue and was really Irish, she used few,
if any, of those words and expressions that certain professors of the
Dublin Academic School apparently consider inseparable from the speech of
the Irish peasant class. I cannot, for example, remember her ever saying
Musha, or Arrah, or Oro; and, as for Erse, I am quite certain she did not
know a word of it. Yet, as I have said, she was Irish, and far more Irish
than many of the Gaelic scholars of to-day who, insufferably proud of
their knowledge of the Celtic tongue, bore one stiff by their feeble and
futile attempts to acquire something of the real Irish wit and proverbial

Mrs Broderick did not often speak of her parents; they were, I fancy,
peasants, or, perhaps, what we should term "small farmers," and from what
I could gather they lived, at one time, in a little village just outside
Cork; but Mrs Broderick was, she told me, very fond of the sea, and often,
when a girl, walked into Cork and went out boating with her young friends
in Queenstown harbour.

On one occasion, she and another girl and two young men went for a sail
with an old fisherman they knew, who took them some distance up the coast
in the direction of Kinsale. There had been a slight breeze when they
started, but it dropped suddenly as they were tacking to come back home,
and since the sails had to be taken down and oars used, both the young men
volunteered to row. Their offer being accepted by the old fisherman, they
pulled away steadily till they espied an old ship, so battered and worn
away as to be little more than a mere shell, lying half in and half out
of the water in a tiny cove. Then, as the weather was beautifully fine and
no one was in a hurry to get home, it was proposed that they pull up to
the wreck and examine it. The old fisherman demurred, but he was soon won
over, and the two young men and Mrs Broderick's girl friend boarded the
old hulk, leaving Mrs Broderick and the old fisherman in the boat. The
shadows from the trees and rocks had already manifested themselves on the
glistening shingles of the beach, and a glow, emanating from the rapidly
rising moon and myriads of scintillating stars that every moment shone
forth with increased brilliancy, showed up every object around them with
startling distinctness.

Always in her element in scenes of this description, Mrs Broderick was
enjoying herself to the utmost. Leaning on the side of the boat and
trailing one hand in the water, she drank in the fresh night air, redolent
with the scent of flowers and ozone. She could hear her friends talking
and laughing as they tried to steady themselves on the sloping boards of
the old hulk; and presently, one of them, O'Connell, proposed that they
should descend below deck and explore the cabins. Then their voices
gradually grew fainter and fainter, until eventually all was still, save
for the lapping of the sea against the sides of the boat, and the gentle
ripple of the wavelets as they broke on the beach, and the occasional
far-away barkings of a dog--noises that somehow seem to belong to summer
more than to any other period of the year.

Mrs Broderick's memory, awakened by these sounds, travelled back to past
seasons, and she was depicting some of the old scenes over again, when all
at once, from the wreck, from that side of it, so it seemed to her, that
was partly under water, there rang out a series of the most appalling
screams, just like the screams of a woman who had been suddenly pounced
upon and either stabbed, or treated in some equally savage and violent

Mrs Broderick, of course, at once thought of her friend, Mary Rooney, and,
clutching the boatman by the arm, she exclaimed:

"The Saints above, it's Mary. They're murdering her."

"'Tis no woman, that," the old boatman said hoarsely. "'Tis the Banshee,
and I would not have had this have happened for the whole blessed world. I
with my mother so ill in bed with the rheumatism and a cold she got all
through her with sitting out on the wet grass the night before last."

"Are you sure?" Mrs Broderick whispered, clutching him tighter, whilst her
teeth chattered. "Are you sure it isn't Mary, and they are not killing

"Sure," replied the boatman, "that's the way the Banshee always
screams--'tis her, right enough, 'tis no human woman," and like the good
Catholic that he was, he crossed himself, and, dipping the oars gently
into the water, he began to pull slowly and quietly away.

By and by the screaming ceased, and a moment later the three explorers
came trooping on to the deck, showing no signs whatever of alarm, and when
questioned as to whether they had heard anything, laughingly replied in
the negative.

"Only," O'Connell added facetiously, "the kiss Mike Power stole from Mary.
That was all."

But for O'Connell that was not all. When he arrived home he found that
during his absence his mother had died suddenly, and, in all probability,
at the very moment when Mrs Broderick and the boatman had heard the



No country besides Ireland possesses a Banshee, though some countries
possess a family or national ghost somewhat resembling it. In Germany, for
example, popular tradition is full of rumours of white ladies who haunt
castles, woods, rivers, and mountains, where they may be seen combing
their yellow hair, or playing on harps or spinning. They usually, as their
name would suggest, wear white dresses, and not infrequently yellow or
green shoes of a most dainty and artistic design. Sometimes they are sad,
sometimes gay; sometimes they warn people of approaching death or
disaster, and sometimes, by their beauty, they blind men to an impending
peril, and thus lure them on to their death. When beautiful, they are
often very beautiful, though nearly always of the same type--golden hair
and long blue eyes; they are rarely dark, and their hair is never of that
peculiar copper and golden hue that is so common among Banshees. When
ugly, they are generally ugly indeed--either repulsive old crones, not
unlike the witches in Grimm's Fairy Tales, or death-heads mockingly
arrayed in the paraphernalia of the young; but their ugliness does not
seem to embrace that ghastly satanic mockery, that diabolical malevolence
that is inseparable from the malignant form of Banshee, and which inspires
in the beholders such a peculiar and unparalleled horror.

It is not my intention in this work to do more than briefly refer to a few
of the most famous of the German hauntings in their relation to the
Banshee; and, since it is the best known, I would first of all call
attention to the White Lady, that restricts its unwelcome attentions to
Royalty, and more especially, perhaps, to that branch of it known as the
House of Hohenzollern. Between this White Lady family phantasm and the
Banshee there is undoubtedly something in common. They are both
exclusively associated with families of really ancient lineage, which they
follow about from town to town, province to province, and country to
country; and the purpose of their respective missions is generally the
same, namely, to give warning of some approaching death or calamity, which
in the case of the White Lady is usually of a national order.

Occasionally, too, the German family ghost, like the Banshee, is heard
playing on a harp, but here I think the likeness ends. There are no very
striking characteristics in the appearance of the White Lady of the
Hohenzollerns, she would seem to be neither very beautiful nor the
reverse; nor does she convey the impression of belonging to any very
remote age; on the contrary, she might well be the earth-bound spirit of
someone who died in the Middle Ages or even later.

In December, 1628, she was seen in the Royal Palace in Berlin, and was
heard to say, "_Veni, judica vivos et mortuos; judicum mihi adhuc
superest_"--that is to say, "Come judge the quick and the dead--I wait for
judgment." She also manifested herself to one of the Fredericks of
Prussia, who regarded her advent as a sure sign of his approaching death,
which it was, for he died shortly afterwards. We next read of her
appearing in Bohemia at the Castle of Neuhaus. One of the princesses of
the royal house was trying on a new head-gear before a mirror, and,
thinking her waiting-maid was near at hand, she inquired of her the time.
To the Princess's horror, however, instead of the maid answering her, a
strange figure all in white, which her instincts told her was the famous
national ghost, stepped out from behind a screen and exclaimed, "_Zehn uhr
ist es irh Liebden!_" "It is ten o'clock, your love"; the last two words
being the mode of address usually adopted in Germany and Austria by
Royalties when speaking to one another. The Princess was soon afterwards
taken ill and died.

A faithful account of the appearance of the White Lady was published in
_The Iris_, a Frankfort journal, in 1829, and was vouched for by the
editor, George Doring. Doring's mother, who was companion to one of the
ladies at the Prussian Court, had two daughters, aged fourteen and
fifteen, who were in the habit of visiting her at the Palace. On one
occasion, when the two girls were alone in their mother's sitting-room,
doing some needlework, they were immeasurably surprised to hear the sounds
of music, proceeding, so it seemed to them, from behind a big stove that
occupied one corner of the apartment. One girl got up, and, taking a yard
measure, struck the spot where she fancied the music was coming from;
whereupon the measure was instantly snatched from her hand, the music, at
the same time, ceasing. She was so badly frightened that she ran out of
the room and took refuge in someone else's apartment.

On her return some minutes later, she found her sister lying on the floor
in a dead faint. On coming to, this sister stated that directly the other
had quitted the apartment, the music had begun again and, not only that,
but the figure of a woman, all in white, had suddenly risen from behind
the stove and began to advance towards her, causing her instantly to faint
with fright.

The lady in whose house the occurrence took place, on being acquainted
with what had happened, had the flooring near the stove taken up; but,
instead of discovering the treasure which she had hoped might be there, a
quantity of quick-lime only was found; and the affair eventually getting
to the King's ears, he displayed no surprise, but merely expressed his
belief that the apparition the girl had seen was that of the Countess
Agnes of Orlamunde, who had been bricked up alive in that room.

She had been the mistress of a former Margrave of Brandenburg, by whom she
had had two children, and when the Margrave's legitimate wife died the
Countess hoped he would marry her. This, however, he declined to do on the
plea that her offspring, at his death, would very probably dispute the
heirship to the property with the children of his lawful marriage. The
Countess then, in order to remove this obstacle to her union, poisoned her
two children, which act so disgusted the Margrave that he had her walled
up alive in the room where she had committed the crimes. The King went on
to explain that the phantasm appeared about every seven years, but more
often to children, to whom it was believed to be very much attached, than
to adults.

Against this explanation, however, is the more recent one that the White
Lady is Princess Bertha or Perchta von Rosenberg. This theory is founded
on the discovery of a portrait of Princess Bertha, which was identified by
someone as the portrait of the White Lady whom they had just seen.

In support of this theory it was pointed out that once when certain
charities which the Princess had stated in her will should be doled out
annually to the poor were neglected, not only was the White Lady seen, but
music and all kinds of other sounds were heard in the house where the
Princess had died. Very possibly, however, in neither of these theories is
there any truth, and the secret of the White Lady's activity lies in some
subtle and, perhaps, entirely unsuspected fact. It is, I think, quite
conceivable that she is no earth-bound soul, but some impersonating
elemental, which--like the Banshee--has, for some strange and wholly
inexplicable reason, attached itself to the unfortunate Hohenzollerns, and
their relatives and kinsmen.

Ballinus and Erasmus Francisci, in their published works, give numerous
accounts of the appearance of this same apparition; whilst Mrs Crowe
asserts that it was seen shortly before the publication of her "Night Side
of Nature." It would be interesting to know whether it appeared to the
ex-Kaiser Wilhelm, or to any of his family, before this last greatest and
most signally disastrous of all wars.

William Brereton in his "Travels" (i. 33) gives rather a different
description of this ghost. He says that the Queen of Bohemia told him
"that at Berlin--the Elector of Brandenberg's house--before the death of
anyone related in blood to that house, there appears and walks up and down
that house like unto a ghost in a white sheet, which walks during the time
of their sickness until their death."

In this account it will be noticed that there is no mention of sex, so
that the reader can only speculate as to whether the apparition was the
ghost of a man or a woman. Its appearance, however, according to this
account, strongly suggests a ghost of the sepulchral and death-head
type--an ordinary species of elemental--which suggestion is not apparent
in any other description of it that we have hitherto come across. Other
ancient German and Austrian families, besides those of the ruling houses,
possess their family ghosts, and here again, as in the parallel case of
the Irish and their Banshee, the family ghost of the Germans or Austrians
is by no means confined to the "White Lady." In some cases of German
family haunting, for example, the phenomenon is a roaring lion, in others
a howling dog; and in others a bell or gong, or sepulchral toned clock
striking at some unusual hour, and generally thirteen times. In all
instances, however, no matter whether the family ghost be German, Irish,
or Austrian, the purpose of its manifestations is the same--to predict
death or some very grave calamity.[12]

In the notes to the 1844 edition of Thomas Crofton Croker's "Fairy Legends
and Traditions of the South of Ireland," we find this paragraph taken from
the works of the Brothers Grimm and manuscript communications from Dr
Wilhelm Grimm:

"In the Tyrol they believe in a spirit which looks in at the window of a
house in which a person is to die (Deutsche Sagen, No. 266), the White
Woman with a veil over her head answers to the Banshee, but the tradition
of the Klage-weib (mourning woman) in the Lünchurger Heath (Spiels Archiv.
ii. 297) resembles it more. On stormy nights, when the moon shines faintly
through the fleeting clouds, she stalks of gigantic stature with
death-like aspect, and black, hollow eyes, wrapt in grave clothes which
float in the wind, and stretches her immense arm over the solitary hut,
uttering lamentable cries in the tempestuous darkness. Beneath the roof
over which the Klage-weib has leaned, one of the inmates must die in the
course of a month."

In Italy there are several families of distinction possessing a family
ghost that somewhat resembles the Banshee. According to Cardau and
Henningius Grosius the ancient Venetian family of Donati possess a ghost
in the form of a man's head, which is seen looking through a doorway
whenever any member of the family is doomed to die. The following extract
from their joint work serves as an illustration of it:

"Jacopo Donati, one of the most important families in Venice, had a child,
the heir to the family, very ill. At night, when in bed, Donati saw the
door of his chamber opened and the head of a man thrust in. Knowing that
it was not one of his servants, he roused the house, drew his sword, went
over the whole palace, all the servants declaring that they had seen such
a head thrust in at the doors of their several chambers at the same hour;
the fastenings were found all secure, so that no one could have come in
from without. The next day the child died."

Other families in Italy, a branch of the Paoli, for example, is haunted by
very sweet music, the voice of a woman singing to the accompaniment of a
harp or guitar, and invariably before a death.

Of the family ghost in Spain I have been able to gather but little
information. There, too, some of the oldest families seem to possess
ghosts that follow the fortunes, both at home and abroad, of the families
to which they are attached, but with the exception of this one point of
resemblance there seems to be in them little similarity to the Banshee.

In Denmark and Sweden the likeness between the family ghost and the
Banshee is decidedly pronounced. Quite a number of old Scandinavian
families possess attendant spirits very much after the style of the
Banshee; some very beautiful and sympathetic, and some quite the reverse;
the most notable difference being that in the Scandinavian apparition
there is none of that ghastly mixture of the grave, antiquity, and hell
that is so characteristic of the baleful type of Banshee, and which would
seem to distinguish it from the ghosts of all other countries. The
beautiful Scandinavian phantasms more closely resemble fairies or angels
than any women of this earth, whilst the hideous ones have all the
grotesqueness and crude horror of the witches of Andersen or Grimm. There
is nothing about them, as there so often is in the Banshee, to make one
wonder if they can be the phantasms of any long extinct race, or people,
for example, that might have hailed from the missing continent of
Atlantis, or have been in Ireland prior to the coming of the Celts.

The Scandinavian family ghosts are frankly either elementals or the
earth-bound spirits of the much more recent dead. Yet, as I have said,
they have certain points in common with the Banshee. They prognosticate
death or disaster; they scream and wail like women in the throes of some
great mental or physical agony; they sob or laugh; they occasionally tap
on the window-panes, or play on the harp; they sometimes haunt in pairs, a
kind spirit and an evilly disposed one attending the fortunes of the same
family; and they keep exclusively to the very oldest families. Oddly
enough at times the Finnish family ghost assumes the guise of a man.
Burton, for example, in his "Anatomy of Melancholy," tells us "that near
Rufus Nova, in Finland, there is a lake in which, when the governor of the
castle dies, a spectrum is seen in the habit of Orion, with a harp, and
makes excellent music, like those clocks in Cheshire which (they say)
presage death to the masters of the family; or that oak in Lanthadran Park
in Cornwall, which foreshadows so much."

I will not dwell any longer, however, on Scandinavian ghosts, as I purpose
later on to publish a volume on the same, but will pass on to the family
apparitions of Scotland, England, and Wales.

Beginning with Scotland, Sir Walter Scott was strong in his belief in the
Banshee, which he described as one of the most beautiful superstitions of
Europe. In his "Letters on Demonology" he says: "Several families of the
Highlands of Scotland anciently laid claim to the distinction of an
attendant spirit, who performed the office of the Irish Banshee," and he
particularly referred to the ghostly cries and lamentations which
foreboded death to members of the Clan of MacLean of Lochbery. But though
many of the Highland families do possess such a ghost, unlike the Banshee,
it is not restricted to the feminine sex, nor does its origin, as a rule,
date back to anything like such remote times. It would seem, indeed, to
belong to a much more ordinary species of phantasm, a species which is
seldom accompanied by music or any other sound, and which by no means
always prognosticates death, although on many occasions it has done so.

In addition to the MacLean, some of the best known cases of Scottish
family ghosts are as follows:

The Bodach au Dun, or Ghost of the Hills, which haunts the family of Grant
Rothiemurcus, and the Llam-dearg, or spectre of the Bloody Hand, which
pursues the fortunes of the Clan Kinchardine. According to Sir Walter
Scott in the Macfarlane MSS. this spirit was chiefly to be seen in the
Glenmore, where it took the form of a soldier with one hand perpetually
dripping with blood. At one time it invariably signalled its advent in the
manner which, I think, has no parallel among ghosts--it challenged members
of the Kinchardine Clan to fight a duel with it, and whether they accepted
or not they always died soon afterwards. As lately as 1669, says Sir
Walter Scott, it fought with three brothers, one after another, who
immediately died therefrom.

Then there is the Clan of Gurlinbeg which is haunted by Garlin Bodacher;
the Turloch Gorms who, according to Scott, are haunted by Mary Moulach, or
the girl with the hairy left hand;[13] and the Airlie family, whose seat
at Cortachy is haunted by the famous drummer, whose ghostly tattoos must
be taken as a sure sign that a member of the Ogilvie Clan--of which the
Earl of Airlie is the recognised head--will die very shortly.

Mr Ingram, in his "Haunted Houses and Family Legends," quotes several
well authenticated instances of manifestations by this apparition, the
last occurring, according to him, in the year 1899, though I have heard
from other reliable sources that it has been heard at a much more recent
date. The origin of this haunting is generally thought to be comparatively
modern, and not to date further back than two or three hundred years, if
as far, which, of course, puts it on quite a different category from that
of the Banshee, though its mission is, without doubt, the same. According
to Mr Ingram, a former Lord Airlie, becoming jealous of one of his
retainers or emissaries who was a drummer, had him thrust in his drum and
hurled from a top window of the castle into the courtyard beneath, where
he was dashed to pieces. With his dying breath the drummer cursed not only
Lord Airlie, but his descendants, too, and ever since that event his
apparition has persistently haunted the family.

Other Highland families that possess special ghosts are a branch of the
Macdonnells, that have a phantom piper, whose mournful piping invariably
means that some member or other of the clan is shortly doomed to die; and
the Stanleys who have a female apparition that signalises her advent by
shrieking, weeping, and moaning before the death of any of the family.
Perhaps of all Scottish ghosts this last one most closely resembles the
Banshee, though there are distinct differences, chiefly with regard to the
appearance of the phantoms--the Scottish one differing essentially in her
looks and attire from the Irish ghost--and their respective origins, that
of the Stanley apparition being, in all probability, of much later date
than the Banshee.

Then, again, there is the Bodach Glas, or dark grey man, in reference to
which Mr Henderson, in his "Folk-lore of Northern Countries," p. 344,
says: "Its appearance foretold death in the Clan of ----, and I have been
informed on the most credible testimony of its appearance in our own day.
The Earl of E----, a nobleman alike beloved and respected in Scotland, was
playing on the day of his decease on the links of St Andrew's at golf.
Suddenly he stopped in the middle of the game, saying, 'I can play no
longer, there is the Bodach Glas. I have seen it for the third time;
something fearful is going to befall me.' That night he fell down dead as
he was giving a lady her candlestick on her way up to bed."

Another instance, still, of a Scottish family ghost is that of the willow
tree at Gordon Castle, which is referred to by Sir Bernard Bourke in his
"Anecdotes of the Aristocracy." Sir Bernard asserts that whenever any
accident happens to this tree, if, for example, a branch is blown down in
a storm, or any part of it is struck by lightning, then some dire
misfortune is sure to happen to some member of the family.

There are other old Scottish family ghosts, all very distinct from the
Banshee, though a few bear some slight resemblance to it, but as my space
is restricted, I will pass on to family ghosts of a more or less similar
type that are to be met with in England.

To begin with, the Oxenhams of Devonshire the heiress of Sir James
Oxenham, and the bride that is invariably seen before the death of any
member of the family. According to a well-known Devonshire ballad, a bird
answering to this description flew over the guests at the wedding of the
heiress of Sir James Oxenham, and the bride was killed the following day
by a suitor she had unceremoniously jilted.

The Arundels of Wardour have a ghost in the form of two white owls, it
being alleged that whenever two birds of this species are seen perched on
the house where any of this family are living, some one member of them is
doomed to die very shortly.

Equally famous is the ghost of the Cliftons of Nottinghamshire, which
takes the shape of a sturgeon that is seen swimming in the river Trent,
opposite Clifton Hall, the chief seat of the family, whenever one of the
Cliftons is on the eve of dying.

Then, again, there is the white hand of the Squires of Worcestershire, a
family that is now practically extinct. According to local tradition this
family was for many generations haunted by the very beautiful hand of a
woman, that was always seen protruding through the wall of the room
containing that member of the family who was fated to die soon. Most ghost
hands are said to be grey and filmy, but this one, according to some
eye-witnesses, appears to have borne an extraordinary resemblance to that
of a living person. It was slender and perfectly proportioned, with very
tapering fingers and very long and beautifully kept filbert nails--the
sort of hand one sees in portraits of women of bygone ages, but which one
very rarely meets with in the present generation.

Other families that possess ghosts are the Yorkshire Middletons, who are
always apprised of the death of one of their members by the appearance of
a nun; and the Byrons of Newstead Abbey, who, according to the great poet
of that name, were haunted by a black Friar that used to be seen wandering
about the cloisters and other parts of the monasterial building before
the death of any member of the family.

In England, there seems to be quite a number of White Lady phantoms, most
of them, however, haunting houses and not families, and none of them
bearing any resemblance to the Banshee. Indeed, there is a far greater
dissimilarity between the English and Irish types of family ghosts than
there is between the Irish and those of any of the nations I have hitherto

Lastly, with regard to the Welsh family ghosts, Mr Wirt Sikes, in his
"British Goblins," quite erroneously, I think, likens the Banshee in
appearance to the Gwrach y Rhibyn, or Hag of the Dribble, which he
describes as hideous, with long, black teeth, long, lank, withered arms,
leathern wings, and cadaverous cheeks, a description that is certainly not
in the least degree like that of any Banshee I have ever heard of. He goes
on to add that it comes in the stillness of the night, utters a
blood-curdling howl, and calls on the person doomed to die thus:
"Da-a-a-vy! De-i-i-o-o-ba-a-a-ch." If it is in the guise of a male it
says, in addition, "Fy mlentyn, fy mlentyn bach!" which rendered into
English is, "My child, my little child"; but if in the form of a woman,
"Oh! Oh! fy ngwr, fy ngwr"--"My husband! my husband!" As a rule it flaps
its wings against the window of the room in which the person who is
doomed is sleeping, whilst occasionally it appears either to the ill-fated
one himself or to some member of his family in a mist on the mountainside.

Mr Sikes gives a very graphic description of the appearance of this
apparition to a peasant farmer near Cardiff, a little over forty years
ago. To be precise, it was on the evening of the 14th November, 1877. The
farmer was on a visit to an old friend at the time, and was awakened at
midnight by the most ghastly screaming and a violent shaking of the
window-frame. The noise continued for some seconds, and then terminated in
one final screech that far surpassed all the others in intensity and sheer
horror. Greatly excited--though Mr Sikes affirms he was not
frightened--the old man leaped out of bed, and, throwing open the window,
saw a figure like a frightful old woman, with long, dishevelled, red hair,
and tusk-like teeth, and a startling white complexion, floating in
mid-air. She was enveloped in a long, loose, flowing kind of black robe
that entirely concealed her body. As he gazed at her, completely
dumbfounded with astonishment, she peered down at him and, throwing back
her dreadful head, emitted another of the very wildest and most harrowing
of screams. He then heard her flap her wings against a window immediately
underneath his, after which he saw her fly over to an inn almost directly
opposite him, called the "Cow and Snuffers," and pass right through the
closed doorway.

After waiting some minutes to see if she came out again, he at length got
back into bed, and on the morrow learned that Mr Llewellyn, the landlord
of the "Cow and Snuffers," had died in the night about the same time as
the apparition, which he, the old farmer, now concluded must have been the
Gwrach y Rhibyn, had appeared.

There is, of course, this much in common between the Gwrach y Rhibyn and
the Banshee: both are harbingers of death; both signalise their advent by
shrieks, and both confine their hauntings to really ancient Celtic
families; but here, it seems to me, the likeness ends. The Gwrach y Rhibyn
is more grotesque than horrible, and would seem to belong rather to the
order of witches in fairy lore than to the denizens of the ghost world.

Another ghostly phenomenon of the death-warning type that is, I believe,
to be met with in Wales, is the Canhywllah Cyrth, or corpse candle, so
called because the apparition resembles a material candlelight, saving for
the fact that it vanishes directly it is approached, and reforms speedily
again afterwards. The following descriptions of the Canhywllah Cyrth are
taken from Mr T. C. Charley's "News from the Invisible World," pp. 121-4.
The first extract is the account of the corpse candles given by the Rev.
Mr Davis.

"If it be a little candle," he writes, "pale or bluish, then follows the
corpse either of an abortive, or some infant; if a big one, then the
corpse either of someone come of age; if there be seen two or three or
more, some big, some small, together, then so many such corpses together.
If two candles come from divers places, and be seen to meet, the corpses
will do the like; if any of these candles be seen to turn, sometimes a
little out of the way that leadeth unto the church, the following corpse
will be found to turn into that very place, for the avoiding of some dirty
lane, etc. When I was about fifteen years of age, dwelling at Llanglar,
late at night, some neighbours saw one of these candles hovering up and
down along the bank of the river, until they were weary in beholding; at
last they left it so, and went to bed. A few weeks after, a damsel from
Montgomeryshire came to see her friends, who dwelt on the other side of
the Istwyth, and thought to ford it at the place where the light was seen;
but being dissuaded by some lookers-on (by reason of a flood) she walked
up and down along the bank, where the aforesaid candle did, waiting for
the falling of the waters, which at last she took, and was drowned

Continuing, he says: "Of late, my sexton's wife, an aged understanding
woman, saw from her bed a little bluish candle upon her table; within two
or three days after comes a fellow in, inquiring for her husband, and
taking something from under his cloak, clapped it down directly upon the
table end, where she had seen the candle; and what was it but a dead-born

In another case the same gentleman relates a number of these candles were
seen together. "About thirty-four or thirty-five years since," he says,
"one Jane Wyat, my wife's sister, being nurse to Baronet Reid's three
eldest children, and (the lady being deceased) the lady controller of that
house, going late into a chamber where the maidservants lay, saw there no
less than five of these lights together. It happened a while after, the
chamber being newly plastered and a great grate of coal-fire thereon
kindled to hasten the drying up of the plastering, that five of the
maidservants went there to bed, as they were wont, but in the morning they
were all dead, being suffocated in their sleep with the steam of the newly
tempered lime and coal. This was at Llangathen in Carmarthenshire."

Occasionally a figure is seen with the lights, but nearly always that of a
woman. À propos of this the same writer says: "William John of the County
of Carmarthen, a smith, on going home one night, saw one of the corpse
candles; he went out of his way to meet with it, and when he came near it,
he saw it was a burying; and the corpse upon the bier, the perfect
resemblance of a woman in the neighbourhood whom he knew, holding the
candle between her forefingers, who dreadfully grinned at him, and
presently he was struck down from his horse, where he remained a while,
and was ill a long time after before he recovered. This was before the
real burying of the woman. His fault, and therefore his danger, was his
coming presumptuously against the candle."

Lastly, an account of these death candles appeared some years ago in
_Fraser's Magazine_. It ran as follows:

"In a wild and retired district in North Wales, the following occurrence
took place to the great astonishment of the mountaineers. We can vouch for
the truth of the statement, as many members of our own teutu, or clan,
were witnesses of the fact. On a dark evening, a few winters ago, some
persons, with whom we are well acquainted, were returning to Barmouth, on
the south or opposite side of the river. As they approached the
ferryhouse at Penthryn, which is directly opposite Barmouth, they
observed a light near the house, which they conjectured to be produced by
a bonfire, and greatly puzzled they were to discover the reason why it
should have been lighted. As they came nearer, however, it vanished; and
when they inquired at the house respecting it, they were surprised to
learn that not only had the people there displayed no light, but they had
not even seen one; nor could they perceive any signs of it on the sands.
On reaching Barmouth, the circumstance was mentioned, and the fact
corroborated by some of the people there, who had also plainly and
distinctly seen the light. It was settled, therefore, by some of the old
fisherman, that this was a "death-token"; and, sure enough, the man who
kept the ferry at that time was drowned at high-water a few nights
afterwards, on the very spot where the light was seen. He was landing from
the boat, when he fell into the water, and so perished."

"The same winter the Barmouth people, as well as the inhabitants of the
opposite banks, were struck by the appearance of a number of small lights
which were seen dancing in the air at a place called Borthwyn, about half
a mile from the town. A great number of people came out to see these
lights; and after a while they all but one disappeared, and this one
proceeded slowly towards the water's edge, to a small bay where some boats
were moored. The men in a sloop which was anchored near the spot saw the
light advancing--they saw it also hover for a few seconds over one
particular boat, and then totally disappear. Two or three days afterwards,
the man to whom that particular boat belonged was drowned in the river,
where he was sailing about Barmouth harbour in that very boat. We have
narrated these facts just as they occurred."

Another well-known Welsh haunting that may be relegated to the same class
of phenomena as the corpse candles is that of the Stradling Ghost. This
phantasm, which is supposed to be that of a former Lady Stradling, who was
murdered by one of her own relatives, haunts St Donart's Castle, on the
southern coast of Glamorganshire, appearing whenever a death or some very
grievous calamity is about to overtake a member of the family. Writing of
her, Mr Wirt Sikes, in his "British Goblins," p. 143-4, says: "She appears
when any mishap is about to befall a member of the house of Stradling, the
direct line, however, of which is extinct. She wears high-heeled shoes,
and a long trailing gown of the finest silk." According to local reports,
her advent is always known in the neighbourhood by the behaviour of the
dogs, which, taking their cue from their canine representatives in the
Castle, begin to howl and whine, and keep on making a noise and showing
every indication of terror and resentment so long as the earth-bound
spirit of the lady continues to roam about. Of course the Stradling Ghost
cannot be said to be characteristically Welsh, because its prototype is to
be found in so many other countries, but it at least comes under the
category of family apparitions.

The Gwyllgi, or dog of darkness, which Mr Wirt Sikes asserts has often
inspired terror among the Welsh peasants, does not appear to be confined
to any one family, any more than do the corpse candles, though, like the
latter, it would seem to manifest itself principally to really Welsh
people. Its advent is not, however, predicative of any special happening.
The Cwn Annwn, or dogs of hell, that are chiefly to be met with in the
south of Wales, on the contrary, rarely, if ever, appear, saving to warn
those who see them of some approaching death or disaster. Neither they,
nor the Gwyllgi, nor the corpse candles, since they do not haunt one
family exclusively, can be called family ghosts. And only inasmuch as they
are racial have they anything in common with the Banshee. Indeed, there is
a world of difference between the Banshee and even its nearest
counterpart in other countries, and the difference is, perhaps, one which
only those who have actually experienced it could ever understand.



  "'Twas the Banshee's lonely wailing,
      Well I knew the voice of death,
    On the night wind slowly sailing
      O'er the bleak and gloomy heath."

These are the dramatic lines Thomas Crofton Croker, in his inimitable
"Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of Ireland," puts in the mouth
of the widow MacCarthy, as she is lamenting over the body of her son,
Charles, whose death had been predicted by the Banshee; not the beautiful
and dainty Banshee of the O'Briens, but a wild, unkempt, haggish creature
that seemed in perfect harmony with the drear and desolate moorland from
whence it sprang.

Mr Croker, indeed, almost invariably associates the Banshee with the heath
and bogland, for at the commencement of his Tales of the Banshee in the
same volume, we find these well-known lines:

  "Who sits upon the heath forlorn,
  With robe so free and tresses worn,
  Anon she pours a harrowing strain,
  And then she sits all mute again!
  Now peals the wild funereal cry,
  And now--it sinks into a sigh."

Very different from this grim and repellent portrayal of the Banshee given
by Mr Croker is the very pleasing and attractive description of it
presented to us by Dr Kenealy, whose account of it in prose appears in an
earlier chapter of this book.

Referring to the death of his brother, Dr Kenealy says:

  "Here the Banshee, that phantom bright who weeps
  Over the dying of her own loved line,
  Floated in moonlight; in her streaming locks
  Gleamed starshine; when she looked on me, she knew
  And smiled."

And again:

  "The wish has but
  Escaped my lips--and lo! once more it streams
  In liquid lapse upon the fairy winds
  That guard each slightest note with jealous care,
  And bring them hither, even as angels might
  To the beloved to whom they minister."

In reference to phantom music heard at sea, Mr Dyer, in his "Ghost
World," p. 413, quotes the following lines:

  "A low sound of song from the distance I hear,
  In the silence of night, breathing sad on my ear,
  Whence comes it? I know not--unearthly the note,
  Yet it sounds like the lay that my mother once sung,
  As o'er her first-born in his cradle she hung."

As I have already stated, the Banshee is not infrequently heard at sea,
either singing or weeping, hence, in all probability, the author of these
lines, whose name, by the way, Mr Dyer does not divulge, had the Banshee
in mind when he wrote them. But, perhaps, the best known, as well as the
most direct reference to this ghost in verse is that made by Ireland's
popular poet, Thomas Moore, in one of the most famous of his "Irish
Melodies." I append the poem, not only for the reference it contains, but
also on account of its general beauty.

  "How oft has the Banshee cried!
  How oft has death untied
  Bright bonds that glory wove
  Sweet bonds entwin'd by love.
  Peace to each manly soul that sleepeth!
  Rest to each faithful eye that weepeth!
  Long may the fair and brave
  Sigh o'er the hero's grave.

  We're fallen upon gloomy days,
  Star after star decays,
  Every bright name, that shed
  Light o'er the land, is fled.
  Dark falls the tear of him who mourneth
  Lost joy, a hope that ne'er returneth,
  But brightly flows the tear
  Wept o'er the hero's bier.

  Oh, quenched are our beacon lights
  Thou, of the hundred fights!
  Thou, on whose burning tongue
  Truth, peace, and freedom hung!
  Both mute, but long as valour shineth
  Or Mercy's soul at war refineth
  So long shall Erin's pride
  Tell how they lived and died."

With the following extracts from the translation of an elegy written by
Pierse Ferriter, the Irish poet soldier, who fought bravely in the
Cromwellian wars, I must now terminate these references to the Banshee in

  "When I heard lamentations
    And sad, warning cries
  From the Banshees of many
    Broad districts arise.
  Aina from her closely hid
    Nest did awake
  The woman of wailing
    From Gur's voicy lake;
  From Glen Fogradh of words
    Came a mournful whine,
  And all Kerry's Banshees
    Wept the lost Geraldine.[14]
  The Banshees of Youghal
    And of stately Mo-geely
  Were joined in their grief
    By wide Imokilly.
  Carah Mona in gloom
    Of deep sorrow appears,
  And all Kinalmeaky's
    Absorbed into tears.

  *       *       *       *

  The Banshee of Dunquin
    In sweet song did implore
  To the spirit that watches
    O'er dark Dun-an-oir,
  And Ennismare's maid
    By the dark, gloomy wave
  With her clear voice did mourn
    The fall of the brave.
  On stormy Slieve Mish
    Spread the cry far and wide,
  From steeply Finnaleun
    The wild eagle replied.
  'Mong the Reeks, like the
    Thunder peal's echoing rout,
  It burst--and deep moaning
    Bright Brandon gives out,
  Oh Chief! whose example
    On soft-minded youth
  Like the signet impressed
    Honour, glory, and truth.
  The youth who once grieved
    If unnoticed passed by,
  Now deplore thee in silence
    With sorrow-dimmed eye,
  O! woman of tears,
    Who, with musical hands,
  From your bright golden hair
    Hath combed out the long bands,
  Let those golden strings loose,
    Speak your thoughts--let your mind
  Fling abroad its full light,
    Like a torch to the wind."

In fiction no writer has, I think, dealt more freely with the subject of
the Banshee than Thomas Crofton Croker, the translator of the
abovementioned elegy. In his "Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of
Ireland," he gives the most inimitable accounts of it; and for the benefit
of those of my readers who are unacquainted with his works, as well as for
the purpose of presenting the Banshee as seen by such an unrivalled
portrayer of Irish ghost and fairy lore, I will give a brief résumé of
two of his stories.

The one I will take first relates to the Rev. Charles Bunworth, who about
the middle of the eighteenth century was rector of Buttevant, County Cork.
Mr Bunworth was greatly beloved and esteemed, not only on account of his
piety--for pious people are by no means always popular--but also on
account of his charity. He used to give pecuniary aid, often when he could
ill afford it, to all and any, no matter to what faith they belonged, whom
he really believed were in need; and being particularly fond of music,
especially the harp, he entertained, in a most generous and hospitable
manner, all the poor Irish harpers that came to his house. At the time of
his death, no fewer than fifteen harps were found in the loft of his
granary, presents, one is led to infer, from strolling harpers, in token
of their gratitude for his repeated acts of kindness to them.

About a week prior to his decease, and at an early hour in the evening,
several of the occupants of his house heard a strange noise outside the
hall door, which they could only liken to the shearing of sheep. No very
serious attention, however, was paid to it, and it was not until some time
afterwards, when other queer things happened, that it was recalled and
associated with the supernatural. Later on, at about seven o'clock in the
evening, Kavanagh, the herdman, returned from Mallow, whither he had been
dispatched for some medicine. He appeared greatly agitated, and, in
response to Miss Bunworth's questions as to what was the matter, could
only ejaculate:

"The master, Miss, the master! He is going from us."

Miss Bunworth, thinking he had been drinking, sternly reproved him,
whereupon he responded:

"Miss, as I hope mercy hereafter, neither bite nor sup has passed my lips
since I left this house; but the master----" Here he broke down, only
adding with an effort, "We will lose him--the master." He then began to
weep and wring his hands.

Miss Bunworth, who, during this strange recital, was growing more and more
bewildered, now exclaimed impatiently:

"What _is_ it you mean? Do explain yourself."

Kavanagh was silent, but, as she persisted, commanding him to speak, he at
length said:

"The Banshee has come for him, Miss; and 'tis not I alone who have heard

But Miss Bunworth only laughed and rebuked him for being superstitious.

"Maybe I am superstitious," he retorted, "but as I came through the glen
of Ballybeg she was along with me, keening, and screeching, and clapping
her hands by my side, every step of the way, with her long white hair
falling about her shoulders, and I could hear her repeat the master's name
every now and then, as plain as ever I hear it. When I came to Old Abby,
she parted from me there, and turned into pigeon field next the
berrin'-ground, and, folding her cloak about her, down she sat under the
tree that was struck by lightning, and began keening so bitterly that it
went through one's heart to hear it."

Miss Bunworth listened more attentively now, but told Kavanagh that she
was sure he was mistaken, as her father was very much better and quite out
of danger. However, she spoke too soon, for that very night her father had
a relapse and was soon in a very critical condition. His daughters nursed
him with the utmost devotion, but at length, overcome with the strain of
many hours of sleepless watchfulness, they were obliged to take a rest and
allow a certain old friend of theirs, temporarily, to take their place.

It was night; without the house everything was still and calm; within the
aged watcher was seated close beside the sick man's bed, the head of which
had been placed near the window, so that the sufferer could, in the
daylight, steal a glimpse at the fields and trees he loved so much. In an
adjoining room, and in the kitchen, were a number of friends and
dependents who had come from afar to inquire after the condition of the
patient. Their conversation had been carried on for some time in whispers,
and then, as if infected by the intense hush outside, they had gradually
ceased talking, and all had become absolutely hushed. Suddenly the aged
watcher heard a sound outside the window. She looked, but though there was
a brilliant moonlight, which rendered every object far and near strikingly
conspicuous, she could perceive nothing--nothing at least that could
account for the disturbance. Presently the noise was repeated; a rose tree
near the window rustled and seemed to be pulled violently aside. Then
there was the sound like the clapping of hands and of breathing and
blowing close to the window-panes.

At this, the old watcher, who was now getting nervous, arose and went into
the next room, and asked those assembled there if they had heard anything.
Apparently, they had not, but they all went out and searched the grounds,
particularly in the vicinity of the rose tree, but could discover no clue
as to the cause of the noises, and although the ground was soft with
recent rain, there were no footprints to be seen anywhere. After they had
made an exhaustive examination, and had settled down again indoors, the
clapping at once recommenced, and was accompanied this time by moanings,
which the whole party of investigators now heard. The sounds went on for
some time, apparently till close to dawn, when the reverend gentleman

The other story concerns the MacCarthys, of whom Mr Croker remarks, "being
an old, and especially an old Catholic family, they have, of course, a

Charles MacCarthy in 1749 was the only surviving son of a very numerous
family. His father died when he was twenty, leaving him his estate, and
being very gay, handsome, and thoughtless, he soon got into bad company
and made an unenviable reputation for himself. Going from one excess to
another he at length fell ill, and was soon in such a condition that his
life was finally despaired of by the doctor. His mother never left him.
Always at his bedside, ready to administer to his slightest want, she
showed how truly devoted she was to him, although she was by no means
blind to his faults. Indeed, so acutely did she realise the danger in
which his soul stood, that she prayed most earnestly that should he die,
he should at least be spared long enough to be able to recover
sufficiently to see the enormity of his offences, and repent accordingly.
To her utmost sorrow, however, instead of his mind clearing a little, as
so often happens after delirium and before death, he gradually fell into a
state of coma, and presented every appearance of being actually dead. The
doctor was sent for, and the house and grounds were speedily filled with a
crowd of people, friends, tenants, fosterers, and poor relatives; one and
all anxious to learn the exact condition of the sick man. With tremendous
excitement they awaited the exit of the doctor from the house, and, when
he at length emerged, they clustered round him and listened for his

"It's all over, James," he said to the man who was holding his steed, and
with those few brief words he climbed into his saddle and rode away. Then
the women who were standing by gave a shrill cry, which developed into a
continuous, plaintive and discordant groaning, interrupted every now and
again by the deep sobbing and groaning, and clapping of hands of Charles'
foster-brother, who was moving in and out the crowd, distracted with

All the time Mrs MacCarthy was sitting by the body of her son, the tears
streaming from her eyes. Presently some women entered the room and
inquired about directions for the ceremony of waking, and providing the
refreshments necessary for the occasion. Mournfully the widow gives them
the instructions they need, and then continues her solitary vigil, crying
with all her soul, and yet quite unaware of the tears that kept pouring
from her eyes. So, on and on, with brief intervals only, all through the
loud and boisterous lamentations of the visitors over her beloved one, far
into the stillness of the night. In one of the interludes, in which she
has removed into an inner room to pray, she suddenly hears a low
murmuring, which is speedily succeeded by a wild cry of horror, and then,
out from the room in which the deceased lies, pour, like some
panic-stricken sheep, the entire crowd of those that have participated in
the Wake. Nothing daunted, Mrs MacCarthy rushes into the apartment they
have quitted, and sees, sitting up on the bed, the light from the candles
casting a most unearthly glare on his features, the body of her son.
Falling on her knees before it and clasping her hands she at once
commences praying; but hearing the word "mother," she springs forward,
and, clutching the figure by the arm, shrieks out:

"Speak, in the name of God and His Saints, speak! Are you alive?"

The pale lips move, and finally exclaim:

"Yes, my mother, alive, but sit down and collect yourself."

And then, to the startled and bewildered mother he, whom she had been
mourning all this time as dead, unfolded the following remarkable tale.

He declared he remembered nothing of the preliminary stages of his
illness, all of which was a blank, and was only cognisant of what was
happening when he found himself in another world, standing in the presence
of his Creator, Who had summoned him for judgment.

"The dreadful pomp of offended omnipotence," he dramatically stated, "was
printed on his brain in characters indelible." What would have happened he
dreaded to think, had it not been for his guardian saint, that holy spirit
his mother had always taught him to pray to, who was standing by his side,
and who pleaded with Him "that one year and one month might be given him
on the earth again, in which he should have the opportunity of doing
penance and atonement."

After a terribly anxious wait, in which his whole fate--his fate for
eternity--hung in the balance, the progress of his kindly intercessor
succeeded, and the Great and Awful Judge pronounced these words:

"Return to that world in which thou hast lived but to outrage the laws of
Him Who made that world and thee. Three years are given thee for
repentance; when these are ended thou shalt again stand here, to be saved
or lost for ever."

Charles saw and heard no more; everything became a void, until he suddenly
became once again conscious of light and found himself lying on the bed.

He told this experience as if it were no dream, but, as he really believed
it to be, an actual reality, and, on his gradually regaining health and
strength, he showed the effect it had had on him by completely changing
his mode of life. Though not altogether shunning his former companions in
folly, he never went to any excess with them, but, on the contrary, often
exercised a restraining influence over them, and so, by degrees, came to
be looked upon as a person of eminent prudence and wisdom.

The years passed by till at last the third anniversary of the wonderful
recovery drew near. As Charles still adhered to his belief that what he
had experienced had been no mere dream or wandering of the mind, but an
actual visit to spirit land, so nervous did his mother become, as the time
drew near for the expiration of the lease of life he declared had been
allotted to him, that she wrote to Mrs Barry, a friend of hers, begging
her to come with her two girls and stay with her for a few days, until, in
fact, the actual day of the third anniversary should have passed.

Unfortunately, Mrs Barry, instead of getting to Spring House, where Mrs
MacCarthy lived, on the Wednesday, the day specified in the invitation,
was not able to commence the journey till the following Friday, and she
then had to leave her eldest daughter behind and bring only the younger

What ultimately happened is very graphically described in a letter from
the younger girl to the elder. In brief it was this: She and her mother
set out in a jaunting-car driven by their man Leary. The recent rains made
the road so heavy that they found it impossible to make other than very
slow progress, and had to put up for the first night at the house of a Mr
Bourke, a friend of theirs, who kept them until late the following day.
Indeed, it was evening when they left his premises, with a good fifteen
miles to cover before they arrived at Spring House.

The weather was variable, at times the moon shone clear and bright, whilst
at others it was covered with thick, black, fast-scudding clouds. The
farther they progressed, the more ominous did the elements become, the
clouds collected in vast masses, the wind grew stronger and stronger, and
presently the rain began to fall. Slow as their progress had been before,
it now became slower; at every step the wheels of their car either plunged
into a deep slough, or sank almost up to the axle in thick mud.

At last, so impossible did it become, that Mrs Barry inquired of Leary how
far they were from Mr Bourke's, the house they had recently left.

"'Tis about ten spades from this to the cross," was the reply, "and we
have then only to turn to the left into the avenue, ma'am."

"Very well, then," answered Mrs Barry, "turn up to Mr Bourke's as soon as
you reach the crossroads."

Mrs Barry had scarcely uttered these words when a shriek, that thrilled
the hearers to the very core of their hearts, burst from the hedge to
their right.

It resembled the cry of a female--if it resembled anything earthly at
all--struck by a sudden and mortal blow, and giving out life in one long,
deep pang of agony.

"Heaven defend us!" exclaimed Mrs Barry. "Go you over the hedge, Leary,
and save that woman, if she is not yet dead."

"Woman!" said Leary, beating the horse violently, while his voice
trembled. "That's no woman; the sooner we get on, ma'am, the better," and
he urged the horse forward.

There was now a heavy spell of darkness as the moon was once again hidden
by the clouds, but, though they could see nothing, they heard screams of
despair and anguish, accompanied by a loud clapping of the hands, just as
if some person on the other side of the hedge was running along in a line
with their horse's head, and keeping pace with them.

When they came to within ten yards of the spot where the avenue branched
off to Mr Bourke's on the left, and the road to Spring House led away to
the right, the moon suddenly reappeared, and they saw, with startling
distinctness, the figure of a tall, thin woman, with uncovered head, and
long hair floating round her shoulders, attired in a kind of cloak or
sheet, standing at the corner of the hedge, just where the road along
which they were driving met that which led to Spring House. She had her
face turned towards them, and, whilst pointing with her left hand in the
direction of Spring House, with her right was beckoning them to hurry. As
they advanced she became more and more agitated, until finally, leaping
into the road in front of them, and still pointing with outstretched arm
in the direction of Spring House, she took up her stand at the entrance to
the Avenue, as if to bar their way, and glared defiantly at them.

"Go on, Leary, in God's name!" exclaimed Mrs Barry.

"'Tis the Banshee," said Leary, "and I could not, for what my life is
worth, go anywhere this blessed night but to Spring House. But I'm afraid
there's something bad going forward, or she would not send us there."

He pressed on towards Spring House, and almost directly afterwards clouds
covered the moon, and the Banshee disappeared; the sound of her clapping,
though continuing for some time, gradually becoming fainter and fainter,
until it finally ceased altogether.

On their arrival at Spring House they learnt that a dreadful tragedy had
just taken place.

A lady, Miss Jane Osborn, who was Charles MacCarthy's ward, was to have
been married to one James Ryan, and on the day preceding the marriage, as
Ryan and Charles MacCarthy were walking together in the grounds of the
latter's house, a strange young woman, hiding in the shrubbery, shot
Charles in mistake for Ryan, who, it seems, had seduced and deserted her.
The wound, which at first appeared trivial, suddenly developed serious
symptoms, and before the sun had gone down on the third anniversary of
his memorable experience with the Unknown, Charles MacCarthy was again
ushered into the presence of his Maker, there to render of himself a
second and a final account.



There is, I believe, one version of a famous Scottish haunting in which
there figures a Banshee of the more or less orthodox order. I heard it
many years ago, and it was told me in good faith, but I cannot, of course,
vouch for its authenticity. Since, however, it introduces the Banshee,
and, therefore, may be of interest to the readers of this book, I publish
it now for the first time, embodied in the following narrative:

"Well, Ronan, you will be glad to hear that I consent to your marrying
Ione, provided you can assure me there is nothing wrong with your family
history. No hereditary tendencies to drink, disease, or madness. You know
I am a great believer in heredity. Your prospects seem good--all the
inquiries I have made as to your character have proved satisfactory, and I
shall put no obstacles in your way if you can satisfy me on this point.
Can you?"

The speaker was Captain Horatio Wynne Pettigrew, R.N., late in command of
His Majesty's Frigate _Prometheus_, and now living on retired pay in the
small but aristocratic suburb of Birkenhead; the young man he
addressed--Ronan Malachy, chief clerk and prospective junior partner in
the big business firm of Lowndes, Half & Company, Dublin; and the subject
of their conversation--Ione, youngest daughter of the said captain,
generally and, perhaps, justly designated the bonniest damsel in all the
land between the Dee and the far distant Tweed.

The look of intense suspense and anxiety which had almost contorted
Ronan's face while he was waiting for the Captain's reply, now gave way to
an expression of the most marked relief.

"I think I have often told you, sir," he replied, "that I have no
recollection of my parents, as they both died when I was a baby; but I
have never heard either of them spoken of in any other terms than those of
the greatest affection and respect. I have always understood my father was
lost at sea on a journey either to or from New York, and that my mother,
who had a weak heart, died from the effects of the shock. My grandparents
on both sides lived together happily, I believe, and died from natural
causes at quite a respectable old age. If there had been any hereditary
tendencies of an unpleasant nature such as those you name, or any
particular family disease, I feel sure I should have heard of it from one
or other of my relatives, but I can assure you I have not."

"Very well then," Captain Pettigrew remarked genially, "if your uncle, who
is, I understand, your guardian, and whom I know well by reputation, will
do me the courtesy to corroborate what you say, I will at once sanction
your engagement. But now I must ask you to excuse me, as I have promised
to have supper with General Maitland to-night, and before I go have
several matters to attend to."

He held out his hand as he spoke, and Ronan, who had been secretly hoping
that he would be asked to spend the evening, was reluctantly compelled to
withdraw. Outside in the hall, Ione, of course, was waiting, almost beside
herself with anxiety, to hear the result of the interview, but Ronan had
only time to whisper that it was quite all right, and that her father had
been far more amenable than either of them had supposed, before the door
of the room he had just left opened, and the Captain appeared.

There was no help for it then, he was obliged to say good-bye, and, having
done so, he hurried out into the night.

At the time of which I am writing there were neither motors nor trains, so
that Ronan, who, owing to an accident to his horse, had to walk, did not
reach home, a distance of some four or five miles, till the evening was
well advanced.

On his arrival, burning with impatience to settle the momentous question,
he at once broached the subject of his interview with Captain Pettigrew to
his uncle, remarking that his fate now rested with him.

"With me!" Mr Malachy exclaimed, placing his paper on an empty chair
beside him, and staring at Ronan with a look of sudden bewilderment in his
big, short-sighted but extremely benevolent eyes. "Why, you know, my boy,
that you have my hearty approval. From all you tell me, Miss Ione must be
a very charming young lady; she has aristocratic connections, and will
not, I take it, be altogether penniless. Yes, certainly, you have my
approval. You have known that all along."

"I have, uncle," Ronan retorted, "and no one is more grateful to you than
I. But Captain Pettigrew has very strong ideas about heredity. He believes
the tendency to drink, insanity, and sexual lust haunts families, and
that, even if it lies dormant for one generation, it is almost bound to
manifest itself in another. I told him I was quite sure I was all right
in this respect, but he says he wants your corroboration, and that if you
will affirm it by letter, he will at once give his consent to my
engagement to Ione. I know letter-writing is a confounded nuisance to you,
uncle, but do please assure Captain Pettigrew at once that we have no
family predisposition of the kind he fears."

Mr Malachy leaned back in his chair and gazed into the long gilt mirror
over the mantel-shelf. "Drink and gambling," he said.

"And suicide," Ronan added. "You can at any rate swear to the absence of
that in our family----" but, happening to glance at the mirror as he
spoke, he caught in it a reflection of his uncle's face, that at once made
him turn round.

"Uncle!" he cried. "Tell me! What is it? Why do you look like that?"

Mr Malachy was silent.

"You're hiding something," Ronan exclaimed sharply. "Tell me what it is.
Tell me, I say, and for God's sake put an end to my suspense."

"You are right, Ronan," his uncle responded slowly. "I am hiding
something, something I ought perhaps to have told you long ago. It's about
your father."

"My father!"

"Yes, your father. I have always told you he was lost at sea. Well, so he
was, but in circumstances that were undoubtedly mysterious. He was last
seen alive on the wharf at Annan, where he was apparently waiting for a
boat to take him to the opposite coast. Someone said they saw him suddenly
leap in the water, and some days later a body, declared to be his, was
picked up in the Solway Firth."

"Then it was suicide," Ronan gasped. "My God, how awful! Was anyone with
him at the time?"

"I don't think I need tell you any more."

"Yes, tell me everything," Ronan answered bitterly. "Nothing makes any
difference now. Let me hear all, I insist."

In a voice that shook to such an extent that Ronan looked at him in
horror, Mr Malachy continued: "Ronan," he said, "remember that I tell you
against my will, and that you are forcing me to speak. They did say at the
time that there was a woman with your father--a woman who had travelled
with him all the way from Lockerbie--that they quarrelled, that

"Yes--go on! For God's sake go on."

"Pushed her in the water--in a rage, mind you, in a rage, I say; and then,
apparently appalled at what he had done, jumped in, too."

"Were they both drowned then?"


"And no one tried to save them?"

"No one was near enough. The tide was running strong at the time, and they
were both carried out to sea. The woman's body was never found; and your
father's, when it was recovered several days afterwards, was so disfigured
that it could only be identified by the clothes."

"And they were sure it was my father?"

"I am afraid there is little doubt on that score. Your Aunt Bridget, who,
being the last of the family to see him alive, was called upon to identify
the body, always declared there was a mistake; she identified the clothes,
but mentioned that the body was that of a person whom she had never seen

"Then there is a slight hope!"

"I hardly think so, but--but go and see her--it is your only hope, and I
will defer writing to Captain Pettigrew until your return."

       *       *       *       *       *

Early next morning Ronan was well on his way to Lockerbie.

In his present state of mind, every inch was a mile, every second an
eternity. If his aunt could only furnish him with some absolute proof that
it was not his father who had pushed the woman into the water and
afterwards jumped in himself, then he might yet marry the object of his
devotion, but, if she could not, he swore with a bitter oath that the
water that had claimed his parent, should also claim him; and in the very
same spot where the unlucky man who had proved his ruin had perished, he
would perish too. It was Ione or obliteration. His whole being
concentrated on such thoughts as these, he pressed forward, taking neither
rest nor refreshments, till he reached Silloth, where he was compelled to
wait several hours, until a fisherman could be prevailed upon to take him
across the Solway Firth to Annan.

So far luck had favoured him. The weather had kept fine, and, despite the
dangerous condition of the roads, which were notoriously full of footpads,
and in the most sorry need of repair, he had covered the distance without

After leaving Annan, however, disaster at once overtook him. The coach had
only proceeded some seven or eight miles along the road to Lockerbie, when
a serious accident, through the loss of a wheel, was but narrowly escaped,
and, as there seemed little chance of getting the necessary repairs
executed that night, the driver suggested that his fares should walk back
to Annan and put up at the "Red Star and Garter," till he was able to call
for them in the morning.

To this all agreed excepting Ronan, who, scorning the proposal to turn
back, declared that he would continue his journey to Lockerbie on foot.

"It's a wild, uncanny bit of country you'll have to go through, mon," the
driver remonstrated, "and I'm nae sure but what you may come across some
of them smuggler laddies from away across the borders of Kirkcudbright.
They are fair sore just noo at the way in which the Custom House officials
are treating them, and are downright suspicious of everyone they meet.
You'll be weel guided to return to the coast with us."

To this well-intentioned advice Ronan did not even condescend a reply,
but, bidding his fellow-passengers good night, he buttoned his overcoat
tightly round his chest, and stepped resolutely forward into the darkness.

The driver had not exaggerated. It was a wild, uncouth bit of country. The
road itself was a mere track, all ruts and furrows, with nothing to denote
its boundaries saving ditches, or black tarns that gleamed fitfully
whenever the moonbeams, emerging from behind black masses of clouds, fell
on them. Beyond the road, on one side, was a wide stretch of barren
moorland, terminating at the foot of a long line of rather low and
singularly funereal-looking hills; and, on the other, a black, thickly
wooded chasm, at the bottom of which thundered a river. In every fitful
outburst of lunar splendour each detail in the landscape stood out with
almost microscopic clearness, but otherwise all lay heavily shrouded in an
almost impenetrable mantle of gloom, from which there seemed to emanate
strange, indefinable shadows, that, as far as Ronan could see, had no
material counterparts.

Naturally stout of heart and afraid of nothing, Ronan was, at the same
time, a Celt, and possessed, in no small degree, all the Celtic awe and
respect for anything associated with the supernatural. Hence, though he
pushed steadily on and kept picturing to himself the face and form of his
lady love, to win whom he was fully prepared to go to any extremity, he
could not prevent himself from occasionally glancing with misgiving at
some more than usually perplexing shadow, or, from time to time, prevent
his heart from beating louder at the rustle of a gorse-bush, or the dismal
hooting of an owl. In some mysterious fashion the night seemed to have
suddenly changed everything, and to have vested every object and every
trifling--or what in the daytime would have been trifling--sound with a
significance that was truly enigmatical and startling.

The air, however, with its blending of scents from the pines, and gorse,
and heather, with ozone from the not far distant Solway Firth, was so
delicious that Ronan kept throwing back his head to inhale great draughts
of it; and it was whilst he thus stood a second, with his nostrils and
forehead upturned, that he first became aware of an impending storm. At
first a few big splashes, and the low moaning of the wind as it swept
towards and past him from the far distant hill-tops; then more splashes,
and then a downpour.

Ronan, who was now walking abreast a low white wall, beyond which he could
see one of those shelters that in Scotland are erected everywhere for the
protection of both cattle and sheep from the terrible blizzards that
nearly every winter devastate the country, perceiving the futility and
danger of trying to face the storm, made for the wall and, climbing it,
dropped over on the other side. As bad luck would have it, however, he
alighted on a boulder and, unable to retain his foothold, slipped off it,
striking his head a severe blow on the ground. For some seconds he lay
unconscious, then, his senses gradually returning, he picked himself up
and made for the shelter.

Stumbling blindly forward towards the entrance of the building, he
collided with a figure that suddenly seemed to rise from the ground, and
for a moment his heart stood still, but his fears were quickly dissipated
by the unmistakable sound of a human voice.

"Who is that?" someone inquired in tremulous tones. "Oh, sir, are you one
of the revellers?"

"One of the revellers?" Ronan replied. "It's an ill night for any
revelling. What do you mean?"

"I mean, are you one of the young men going to the fancy dress dance at
the Spelkin Towers," the voice responded. "But your accent tells me you
are not; you don't belong to these parts. You are Irish."

"That is truly said," Ronan answered. "My home is in Dublin, and it's the
first time I have set foot on Dumfries soil, and I'll stake every penny in
my purse it will be the last. I'm bound for Lockerbie, but I'm thinking it
will be the early hours of the morning before I get there."

"For Lockerbie," the voice replied. "Why that's a distance of about twenty
miles. It's a straight road, however, and you pass the Spelkin Towers on
the way. It stands in a clump of trees about a hundred yards back from the
road, on this side of it, about three miles from here. If there were a
moon you would easily recognise the place by the big white gate leading
directly to it."

"So I might, but why waste my time and your breath. The Spelkins, or
whatever you call it, has naught to do with me. I'm bound for Lockerbie,
I tell you, and as the rain seems to be abating I intend moving on again."

"Sir," the woman pleaded, "I pray you stay a few moments and listen to
what I have to say. A gentleman is going to the revels to-night for whom I
have a letter of the utmost importance. His name is Dunloe--Mr Robert
Dunloe of Annan. He is due at the Towers at eight o'clock, and should
surely be passing here almost at this very moment. But, sir, I durst not
wait for him any longer, as I have an aged mother at home who has been
taken suddenly and violently ill. For mercy's sake I beg of you to wait
and give him the letter in my stead."

"Give him the letter in your stead!" Ronan ejaculated. "Why, I may never
see him--indeed, the odds are a thousand to one I never shall. I'm in a
hurry, too. I can't stay hanging around here all night. Besides, how
should I know him?"

"He's dressed as a jester," the woman answered, "and if the wind is not
blowing too strong you'll hear the sound of his bells. He's sure to be
coming by very soon. Oh, sir, do me this favour, I pray you."

As she spoke the rain ceased and the moon, suddenly appearing from behind
a bank of clouds, revealed her face. It was startlingly white, and in a
strange, elfish kind of way, beautiful. Ronan gazed at it in astonishment,
it was altogether so different from the face he had pictured from the
voice, and as he stared down into the big, black eyes raised pleadingly to
his, he felt curiously fascinated, and all idea of resistance at once

"All right," he said slowly, "I will do as you wish. A man in
Court-jester's costume, with jingling bells, answering to the name of
Robert Dunloe. Hand me the letter, and I will wait in the road till he

She obeyed, and, taking from her bosom an envelope, handed it to him.

"Oh, sir," she said softly, "I can't tell you how grateful I am. It is
most kind of you--most chivalrous, and I am sure you will one day be
rewarded. Hark! footsteps. A number of them. It must be some of the
revellers. I must remain here till they pass, for I would not for the
world have them see me; they are rude, boisterous fellows, and have little
respect for a maiden when they meet her alone on the highway. There have
been some dreadful doings of late around here."

She laid one of her little white hands on Ronan's arm as she spoke, and,
with the forefinger of the other placed on her lips, enjoined silence.
Then as the footsteps and voices, which had been drawing nearer and
nearer, passed close to them and died gradually away in the distance, she
hurriedly bade Ronan farewell, and darted nimbly away in the darkness.

Ronan stood for some minutes where she had left him, half expecting she
would reappear, but at last, convinced that she had really taken her
departure, he climbed the wall, back again into the road, and waited. Had
it not been for the envelope, which certainly felt material enough, Ronan
would have been inclined to attribute it all to some curious kind of
hallucination--the girl was so different--albeit so subtly and
inexplicably different--from anyone he had ever seen before. But that
envelope with the name "Robert Dunloe, Esquire," so clearly and
beautifully superscribed on it, was a proof of her reality, and, as he
stood fingering the missive and pondering the subject over in his mind, he
once again heard the sound of footsteps. This time they were the footsteps
of one person only, and, as he had been led to expect, they were
accompanied by the faint jingle, jingle of bells.

The moon, now quite free from clouds, rendered every object so clearly
visible that Ronan, looking in the direction from which the sounds came,
soon detected a tall, oddly attired figure, whilst still a long way off,
advancing towards him with big, swinging strides. Had he not been
prepared for someone in fancy costume, Ronan might have felt somewhat
alarmed, for a Scotch moor in the dead of winter is hardly the place where
one would expect to encounter a masquerader in jester's costume.

Moreover, though the magnifying action of the moon's rays were probably
accountable for it, there seemed to be something singularly bizarre about
the figure, apart from its clothes; its head seemed abnormally round and
small, its limbs abnormally long and emaciated, and its movements
remarkably automatic and at the same time spiderlike.

Ronan gripped the envelope in his hand--it was solid enough; therefore,
the queer, fantastic-looking thing, stalking so grotesquely towards him,
must be solid too--a mere man--and Ronan forced a laugh. Another moment,
and he had stepped out from under cover of the wall.

"Are you Mr Robert Dunloe?" he asked, "because, if so, I have a letter for

The figure halted, and the white, parchment-like face with two very light
green, cat-like eyes, bent down and favoured Ronan with a half-frightened,
but penetrating gaze.

"Yes," came the reply, "I am Mr Dunloe. But how came you with a letter for
me? Give it to me at once." And before Ronan could prevent him, he had
snatched the envelope from his grasp, and, having broken open the seal,
was reading the contents.

"Ah!" he ejaculated. "What a fool! I might have known so all along, but
it's not too late." Then he folded the letter in his hand and stood
holding it, apparently buried in thought.

Ronan, whose hot Irish temper had been roused by the rude manner in which
the stranger had obtained possession of the missive, would have moved on
and left him, had he not felt restrained by the same peculiar fascination
he had experienced when talking to the girl.

"I trust," he at length remarked, "that your letter contains no ill news.
The lady who requested me to give it you mentioned the fact that a
relative of hers had been taken very ill."

"When and where did you see her?" the stranger queried, his eyes once
again seeking Ronan's face with the same fixed, penetrating stare.

"In that shelter over there," Ronan answered, pointing to it. "We were
strangers to one another, and I was sheltering from the storm. I explained
to her that I was on my way to Lockerbie, and in no little hurry to get
there, but she begged me so earnestly to await your arrival, so that I
might hand you the letter, that she might be free to return home at once,
that I consented. That is all that passed between us."

"She went?"

"Yes, she slipped away suddenly in the darkness, where I don't know."

The stranger mused for a few moments, stroking his chin with long, lean
fingers. Then he suddenly seemed to wake up, and spoke again, but this
time in a far more courteous fashion.

"Young man," he said, "I believe you. You have a candid expression in your
eyes, and an honest ring in your voice. Men that speak in such tones
seldom lie. You are kind-hearted, too, and I am going to ask of you a
favour. Yesterday morning, in Annan, two of the leading townsfolk laid me
a wager that I would not attend a ball to-night at the Spelkin Towers,
and, attired as a Court jester, walk all the way to and fro, no matter how
inclement the weather. I accepted the challenge, and now, having
progressed so far, I should aim at completing my task, but for this
letter, which fully corroborates what the young lady told you, and informs
me that a very old and dear friend of mine is dying, and would at all
costs see me at once, as she has an important statement to make for my
ears only. Now, sir, I cannot possibly go to her in these outlandish
clothes, lest the shock of seeing me so attired should prove too much for
her in her present serious condition. Can I prevail upon your charity and
chivalry--for once again it is on behalf of a woman--and good Christian
spirit--for I doubt not, from your demeanour, that you have been brought
up in a truly God-fearing and pious manner--to persuade you to change
costumes with me over yonder in that shed. I would then be able to appear
before my poor, dying friend in suitable, sober garments, whilst you would
be free to go to the ball, and, by posing as Mr Robert Dunloe, share the
proceeds of my wager with me."

Then, noting the expression that came over Ronan's face, he added quickly:

"You will incur no risks. I am a comparative stranger in these parts--none
of the revellers know me by sight. All you will have to do on your arrival
at the Towers will be to explain to your host, Sir Hector McBlane, the
nature of the wager, and ask him to give you some record of your
attendance that I can subsequently show to my two friends. Remember, sir,
that it is not only for the sake of gratifying a dying woman's wish that I
am asking this favour of you, but it is also to make sure that the young
lady who gave you the letter shall not be jeopardised."

Ronan hesitated. Had such a mystifying proposition been made to him on any
other occasion he would, perhaps, have rejected it at once as the sheerest
lunacy; but there was something about this night--the wild grandeur of the
silent moonlit scenery, the intoxicating sweetness of the subtly scented
air, to say nothing of the maiden whose elfish appearance had seemed in
such absolute harmony both with the soft, silvery starlight and the black
granite boulders--that was wholly different from anything Ronan had ever
experienced before, and his deeply emotional and easily excited
temperament, rising in hot rebellion against his reason, urged him to
embark upon what he persuaded himself might prove a vastly entertaining
adventure. He consequently agreed to do as the stranger suggested, and,
accompanying him into the shelter, he exchanged clothes with him.

After arranging to meet in the same spot at four o'clock in the morning,
the two men parted, the stranger making off across the moors, and Ronan
continuing along the high road.

Nothing of moment occurred again till Ronan caught sight of the clump of
pines, from the centre of which rose the Spelkin Towers, and a few yards
farther on perceived the white wooden gate that the elfish maiden had
described to him. On his approach, several figures, in fancy dress and
wearing dominoes, advanced to meet him, and one, with a low bow, inquired
if he had the honour of addressing Mr Robert Dunloe.

"Why, yes," Ronan responded, with some astonishment, "but I did not think
anyone knew I was coming here to-night saving our host, Sir Hector

"That is because you are so modest," was the reply. "I can assure you, Mr
Dunloe, your fame has preceded you, and everyone present here to-night
will be eagerly looking forward to the moment of your arrival. Let me
introduce you to my friends. Sir Frederick Clanstradie, Sir Austin
Maltravers, Lord Henry Baxter, Mr Leslie de Vaux."

Each of the guests bowed in turn as their names were pronounced, and then,
at a signal from the spokesman, who informed Ronan he was Sir Philip
McBlane, cousin to their host, they proceeded in a body to the queerly
constructed mansion.

Inside Ronan could see no sign whatever of any festivity, but on being
told that Sir Hector was awaiting him in the ball-room, he allowed himself
to be conducted along a bare, gloomy passage and down a narrow flight of
steep stone steps into a large dungeon-like chamber, piled up in places
with strange-looking lumber, and in one corner of which he perceived a
tall figure, draped from head to foot in the hideous black garments of a
Spanish inquisitor, standing in the immediate vicinity of a heap of loose
bricks and freshly made mortar, and bending over a cauldron full of what
looked like simmering tar. The whole aspect of the room was indeed so grim
and forbidding, that Ronan drew back in dismay and turned to Sir Philip
and his comrades for an explanation.

Before, however, anyone could speak, the figure in the inquisitorial robes
advanced, and, bidding Ronan welcome, declared that he considered it both
an honour and a privilege to entertain so illustrious a guest.

Not knowing how to reply to a greeting that seemed so absurdly
exaggerated, Ronan merely mumbled out something to the effect that he was
delighted to come, and then lapsed into an awkward and embarrassed
silence, during which he could feel the eyes of everyone fixed on him with
an expression he could not for the life of him make out.

Finally, the inquisitor, whom Ronan now divined was Sir Hector McBlane,
after expressing a hope that the ladies would soon make their appearance,
invited the gentlemen to partake of some refreshments.

Bottles scattered in untidy profusion upon a plain deal table were then
uncorked, and the sinisterly clad host proposed they should all drink a
toast of welcome to their distinguished guest, Mr Robert Dunloe.

Up to the present Ronan had only been conscious of what seemed to him
courtesy and cordiality in the voices of his fellow-guests, but now, as
one and all clinked glasses and shouted in unison, "For he's a jolly good
fellow, and so say all of us," he fancied he could detect something rather
different; what it was he could not say, but it gave him the same feeling
of doubt and uncertainty as had the expression in their faces immediately
after his introduction to Sir Hector.

Again there was an embarrassed silence, which was eventually broken by
Ronan, who, perceiving that something was expected from him, at length
stood up and responded to the toast.

His speech was of very short duration, but it was hardly over, before a
loud rapping of high-heeled shoes sounded on the stone steps, and a number
of women, dressed in every conceivable fashion, from the quaintly
picturesque costume of the Middle Ages to the still fondly remembered and
popular Empire gown, came trooping into the room. Their curiously clumsy
movements caused Ronan to scrutinise them somewhat closely, but it was
not until, in response to a wild outburst on wheezy flutes and derelict
bagpipes, the assembly commenced dancing, that he awoke to the fact which
now seemed obvious enough, that these weird-looking women were not women
at all, but merely men mummers.

For the next few minutes the noise and confusion were such that Ronan,
whose temples had been set on fire by the wine, hardly knew whether he was
standing on his head or his feet. First one of the pretended women, and
then another, solicited the honour of dancing with him, until at last,
through sheer fatigue and giddiness, he was constrained to stop and lean
for support against the walls of the building.

He was still in this attitude, when the music, if such one could style it,
suddenly ceased, and the whole company, as if by a preconcerted signal,
suddenly stood at attention, as still and silent as statues.

Sir Hector McBlane then approached Ronan with a bow, and informing him
that his bride awaited him in the bridal chamber, declared that the time
had now arrived for his introduction to her.

This announcement was so unexpected and extraordinary that Ronan lost all
power of speech, and, before he could realise what was taking place, he
found himself being conducted by his host to a dimly lighted corner of the
room, where he perceived, for the first time, a recess or kind of cell,
measuring not more than four feet in depth, and three feet across, but
reaching upwards to the same height as the ceiling. Exactly in the centre
of it was a tall figure, absolutely stiff and motionless, and clad in
long, flowing, white garments.

Still too bewildered and astonished to protest or remonstrate, Ronan
permitted himself to be led right up to the figure, which a sudden flare
from a torch held by one of the revellers, enabled him to perceive was
merely a huge rag doll, decked out in sham jewellery, with a painted,
leering face and a mass of tow hair, a clever but ridiculous caricature of
a woman. He was about to demand an angry explanation of the foolery, when
he was pushed violently forward, and, before he could recover his
equilibrium, a rope was wound several times round his body, and he was
strapped tightly to the doll, which was securely attached to an iron stake
fixed perpendicularly in the ground.

Loud shouts of laughter now echoed from one end of the chamber to the
other, the merriment being further increased when Sir Hector, with an
assumed gravity, presented his humblest respects to the bride and
bridegroom, and hoped that they would enjoy a long and very happy

Ronan, whose indignation was by this time raised to boiling pitch,
furiously demanded to be released, but the more angry he became, the more
his tormentors mocked, until at length even walls, floor, and ceiling
seemed to become infected and to shake with an uncontrollable and devilish
mirth. Finally, however, when things had gone on in this fashion for some
time, Sir Hector again spoke, and this time announced in loud tones that,
as he was quite sure the bride and bridegroom must now be wishing for
nothing better than to be left to themselves, he and his guests would now
proceed to seal up the bridal chamber.

A general bustle and subsequent clinking of metal on the stone floor,
immediately following this speech, left Ronan in no doubt whatever as to
what was happening. He was, of course, being bricked up. Now although he
felt assured that it was all a joke, he also felt it was a joke that had
gone on quite long enough. It was only too clear to him that, for some
reason or another, Mr Robert Dunloe was very far from popular with these
masqueraders, and he began to wonder if Mr Dunloe's explanation of his
desire to exchange clothes was the correct one, whether, in fact, Mr
Dunloe had not got an inkling of what was going to happen to him from the
elfish girl's letter, and whether he had not merely trumped up the story
of the sick woman and the wager for the occasion.

In any case Ronan felt that he had been let down badly, and since he did
not see why he should still pretend to be the man who had taken such
advantage of him, he called out:

"Look here, I've a confession to make. You think I'm Mr Robert Dunloe, but
I'm not. My name is Ronan Malachy. I'm staying with my uncle, Mr Hugh
Malachy, near Birkenhead, and anyone there would confirm my identity. I
was bound to-night for Lockerbie, when I met a girl who begged me to wait
in the road and deliver a letter for her to an individual dressed as a
Court jester, and styling himself Robert Dunloe, who would presently pass
by. Not liking to refuse a lady, I agreed, and when I had given the man
the letter, and he had read it, he told me that it was a summons to attend
the death-bed of a very dear friend and urged me to exchange clothes with
him, in order that he might go suitably attired. To this I naturally
assented, and he then begged me to impersonate him here, as he had laid a
big wager that he would be present at this ball and would walk all the way
from Annan in this costume."

Ronan was about to add more, when Sir Hector McBlane approached the mound
of bricks, which was already breast high, and, looking straight at him,

"Robert Dunloe, it is useless to try and hoodwink us. We know all about
you. We know that you were once arrested for highway robbery and murder,
but got off through turning King's evidence against your mate, 'Hal of the
seventeen strings,' who was hanged at Lancaster; that you then, took up
Government spying as a trade, and got a score of the best fellows who ever
breathed life sentences at Morecombe for smuggling a few casks of brandy.
A month ago we heard that you were coming to Annan to try and place a rope
round some of our necks for the same so-called felony, and we determined
that we would be first in the field and teach you a lesson. We are now
going to seal you up and leave you to soliloquise over the rope which is
round you, and which is, doubtless, of the same hue and texture as that
which has hanged the many that have been sentenced through your treachery.

It was in vain, when Sir Hector had finished speaking, that Ronan
alternately pleaded and swore; he could get no further reply. The layers
of bricks rose, till only one was left to render the task complete; and
already the air within was becoming fetid and oppressive. A terrible sense
of utter and hopeless isolation now surged through Ronan, and forced him
once again to call out:

"For the love of God," he said, "set me free. For the LOVE OF GOD."

He had barely uttered these words, when the whole assembly looked at one
another with startled faces.

"Hark!" exclaimed one. "Do you hear that screaming and clapping? What in
the world is it?"

"I should say," said another, "that it was some puir bairn being done to
death were it not for the clapping, but that gets over me. Whatever can it

At that moment steps were heard descending the stairs in a great hurry,
and a young man, with bright red hair, and dressed strictly in accordance
with the fashion prevailing at that time, burst into the room.

"Boys," he exclaimed, his voice shaking with emotion, "I have just seen
the Banshee. She was in the road outside the gates of this house, running
backwards and forwards, just as I saw her five years ago in Kerry, and, as
I tried to pass her by to get on my way to Dumfries, she waved me back,
shaking her fist and screaming at the same time. Then she signalled to me
to come here, and ran on ahead of me, crying, and groaning, and clapping
her hands. And as I knew it would be as much as my life is worth to
disobey her, I followed. You can still hear her outside, keening and
screeching. But what are all these bricks for, and this mortar?"

"The informer, Robert Dunloe," exclaimed one of the revellers. "We have
been bricking him up for a lark, and intend keeping him here till the

"It's a lie," Ronan shouted. "I'm no more Dunloe than any of you. I'm
Ronan Malachy, I tell you, and my home is in Dublin. I heard an Irish
voice just now, surely he can tell I'm Irish, too."

"Arrah, I believe you," said the new-comer. "It's the real brogue you've
got, and none other, though it's not so pronounced as is my own; but may
be you've lived longer in this country than I. Pull down those bricks,
boys, and let me have a look at him."

"No, no," cried several voices, angrily. "Anybody could take you in, Pat.
He's Dunloe right enough; and now we've got him, we intend to keep him."

In the altercation that now ensued, some sided with the Irishman, and some
against him; but over and above all the clamour and confusion the voice of
the Banshee could still be heard shrieking, and wailing, and clapping her

At last someone struck a blow, and in an instant swords were drawn, sticks
and cudgels were used, furniture was flung about freely, and table,
brazier, and cauldron were overturned; and the blazing pitch and red hot
coals, coming in contact with piled up articles of all kinds--casks,
chests, boxes, musty old books, paper and logs--it was not long before the
whole chamber became a mass of flames.

One or two of the calmer and more sober revellers attempted to get to the
recess and batter down the bricks, which were merely placed together
without cement, but the fury of the flames drove them back, and the
hapless Ronan was, in the end, abandoned to his fate.

Hideously aware of what was going on, he struggled desperately to free
himself, and, at last succeeding, made a frantic attempt to reach a small
window, placed at a height of some seven or eight feet from the floor.
After several fruitless efforts he triumphed, only to discover, however,
that the aperture was just too small for his body to pass through.

The flames had, by this time, reached the entrance to the recess, and the
heat from them was so stupendous that Ronan, weak and exhausted after his
long fast and all the harrowing and exciting moments he had passed
through, let go his hold, and, falling backwards, struck his head a
terrific crash on the floor.

       *       *       *       *       *

Much to his amazement, on recovering his faculties, Ronan found himself
lying out of doors. Above him was no abysmal darkness, only the heavens
brilliantly lighted by moon and stars, whilst as far as his sight could
travel was free and open space, a countryside dotted here and there with
gorse bushes and the silvery shimmering surface of moorland tarns. He
turned round, and close beside him was a big boulder of rock that he now
remembered slipping from when he had dropped over the wall to take cover
from the storm. And there, sure enough, was the shelter. He got up and
went towards it. It was quite deserted, no one was there, not even a cow,
and the silence that came to him was just the ordinary silence of the
night, with nothing in it weirder or more arrestive than the rushing of
distant water and the occasional croaking of a toad. Considerably
mystified, and unable to decide in his mind whether all he had gone
through had been a dream or not, he now clambered back into the road and
pursued his way, according to his original intention, towards Lockerbie.

On reaching the spot where he had in his dream, or whatever it was, first
sighted the Spelkin Towers, he perceived, to his amazement, the very same
building, apparently exact in every detail. On approaching nearer he found
the white gate, but whereas when he had beheld the Towers only such a
short time ago, there had been a feeble flicker of artificial light in
some of the slit-like windows, all was now gloomy and deserted, and, still
further to his amazement, he perceived, on opening the gate and entering,
that the building was, to some extent, in ruins, and that the charred
timber and blackened walls gave every indication of its having been
partially destroyed by fire.

Totally unable to account for his experience, but convinced in his own
mind that it was not all a dream, he now hurried on, and reached his
aunt's house in Lockerbie, just in time to wash and tidy himself for

After the meal, and when he was sitting with his aunt by the fire in the
drawing-room, Ronan not only announced to her the purpose of his visit,
but gave her a detailed account of his journey and adventures on the way,
asking her in conclusion what she thought of his experience, whether she
believed it to be merely a dream or, in very truth, an encounter with the
denizens of ghostland.

Miss Bridget Malachy, who during Ronan's recitation obviously had found
it extremely difficult to maintain silence, now gave vent to her feelings.

"I cannot tell you," she said excitedly, "how immensely interested I am in
all you have told me. Last night was the anniversary of your father's
strange disappearance. I had only been living here a few weeks, when I
received a letter from him, saying he had business to transact in the
North of England, and would like to spend two or three days with me. He
gave me the exact route he intended to travel by from Dublin, and the
exact hour he expected to arrive. Your father was the most precise man I
ever met.

"Well, on the night before the day he was due to arrive, as I was sitting
in this very room, writing, I suddenly heard a tapping at the window, as
if produced by the beak and claws of some bird, or very long finger nails.
Wondering what it could be, I got up, and, pulling aside the blind,
received the most violent shock. There, looking directly in at me, with an
expression of the most intense sorrow and pity in its eyes, was the face
of a woman. The cheeks shone with a strange, startling whiteness, and the
long, straggling hair fell in a disordered mass low over her neck and
shoulders. As her gaze met mine she tapped the window with her long, white
fingers and, throwing back her head, uttered the most harrowing,
heart-rending scream. Convinced now that she was the Banshee, which I had
often had described to me by my friends, I was not so much frightened as
interested, and I was about to address her and ask her what in God's name
she wanted, when she abruptly vanished, and I found myself staring into

"A week later, I received tidings that a body, believed to be your
father's, had just been recovered from the Solway Firth, and I was asked
to go at once and identify it. I went, and though it had remained in the
water too long, perhaps, to be easily recognisable, I was absolutely
certain my surmises were correct, and that the body was that of a
stranger. It was that of a man somewhat taller than your father, and the
tips of his fingers, moreover, were spatulate, whereas, like all the rest
of our family's, your father's fingers were pointed. From what you have
told me I am now convinced that I really was right, and that your father,
falling into the hands of the smugglers, who, at that time, infested the
whole of this neighbourhood, did actually meet with foul play. I recollect
perfectly well the fire at the Spelkin Towers the night your father
disappeared, but, until now, I never in any way associated the event with
him. Do, I beseech you, make a thorough search of the ruins and see if
you can find anything that will help to substantiate your story and prove
that your experience was of a nature very different from that of an
ordinary dream."

Ronan needed no further bidding. Accompanied by his aunt's gardener and
two or three villagers--for the gardener would not venture there without a
formidable escort; the place, he said, bore a most evil and sinister
reputation--he at once proceeded to the Towers, and, in one of the
cellars, bricked up in a recess, they found a skeleton--the skeleton of a
man, on one of whose fingers was a signet-ring, which Miss Bridget Malachy
at once identified as having belonged to her missing brother. Moreover,
with the remains were a few tattered shreds--all that was left of the
clothes--and, though blackened and rusty, a number of tiny bells, such as
might have once adorned the cap of a Court jester.

       *       *       *       *       *

The Spelkin Towers is still haunted, for it has ghosts of its own, but
never, I believe, since that memorable experience of Ronan's within its
grey and lichen-covered walls, has it again been visited by the Banshee.



In order definitely to establish my claim to the Banshee, I am obliged to
state here that the family to which I belong is the oldest branch of the
O'Donnells, and dates back in direct unbroken line to Niall of the Nine
Hostages. I am therefore genuinely Celtic Irish, but, in addition to that,
I have in my veins strains both of the blood of the O'Briens of Thomond
(whose Banshee visited Lady Fanshawe), and of the O'Rourkes, Princes of
Brefni; for my ancestor, Edmund O'Donnell, married Bridget, daughter of
O'Rourk of the house of Brefni, and his mother was the daughter of Donat
O'Brien of the house of Thomond. All of which, and more, may be
ascertained by a reference to the Records of the Truagh O'Donnells.[15]

Possibly my first experience of the Banshee occurred before I was old
enough to take note of it. I lost my father when I was a baby. He left
home with the intention of going on a brief visit to Palestine, but,
meeting on the way an ex-officer of the Anglo-Indian army, who had been
engaged by the King of Abyssinia to help in the work of remodelling the
Abyssinian army, he abandoned his idea of visiting the Holy Land, and
decided to go to Abyssinia instead.

What actually happened then will probably never be known. His death was
reported to have taken place at Arkiko, a small village some two hours
walking distance from Massowah, and from the letters[16] subsequently
received from the French Consul at Massowah and several other people, as
well as from the entries in his diary (the latter being recovered with
other of his personal effects and sent home with them), there seems to
have been little, if any, doubt that he was trapped and murdered, the
object being robbery.

The case created quite a sensation at the time, and is referred to in a
work entitled "The Oriental Zig-zag," by Charles Hamilton, who, I believe,
stayed some few years later at the house at Massowah, where my father
lodged, and was stated to have shared his fate.

With regard to the supernatural happenings in connection with the event.
The house that my father had occupied before setting out for the East was
semi-detached, the first house in a row, which at that time was not
completed. It was situated in a distinctly lonely spot. On the one side of
it, and to the rear, were gardens, bounded by fields, and people rarely
visited the place after nightfall.

On the night preceding my father's death, my mother was sitting in the
dining-room, which overlooked the back garden, reading. It was a windy but
fine night, and, save for the rustling of the leaves, and an occasional
creaking of the shutters, absolutely still. Suddenly, from apparently just
under the window, there rang out a series of the most harrowing screams.
Immeasurably startled, and fearing, at first, that it was some woman being
murdered in the garden, my mother summoned the servants, and they all
listened. The sounds went on, every moment increasing in vehemence, and
there was an intensity and eeriness about them that speedily convinced the
hearers that they could be due to no earthly agency. After lasting several
minutes they finally died away in a long, protracted wail, full of such
agony and despair, that my mother and her companions were distressed
beyond words.

As soon as they could summon up the courage they went out and scoured the
gardens, but though they looked everywhere, and there was little cover for
anyone to hide, they could discover nothing that could in any way account
for the noises. A dreadful fear then seized my mother. She believed that
she had heard the Banshee which my father had often spoken about to her,
and she was little surprised, when, in a few days time, the news reached
her that my father was dead. He had died about dawn, the day after my
mother and the servants had heard the screaming. I sent an account of the
incident, together with other phenomena that happened about the same time,
signed by two of the people who experienced them, to the Society for
Psychical Research, who published it in their journal in the autumn of

I have vivid recollections of my mother telling me about it when I was a
little boy, and I remember that every time I heard the shutters in the
room where we sat rattle, and the wind moan and sigh in the chimney, I
fully expected to hear terrible shrieks ring out, and to see some white
and ghastly face pressed against the window-panes, peering in at me. After
these recitations I was terrified at the darkness, and endured, when
alone in my bedroom, agonies of mind that no grown-up person, perhaps,
could ever realise. The house and garden, so very bright and cheerful, and
in every way ordinary, in the daytime, when the sun was out, seemed to be
entirely metamorphosed directly it was dusk. Shadows assuredly stranger
than any other shadows--for as far as I could see they had no material
counterpart--used to congregate on the stairs, and darken the paths and

There were always certain spots that frightened me more than others, a
bend in one of the staircases, for example, the banisters on the top
landing, a passage in the basement of the house, and the path leading from
the gate to the front door. Even in the daytime, occasionally, I was chary
about passing these places. I felt by instinct something uncanny was
there; something that was grotesque and sinister, and which had specially
malevolent designs toward me. When I was alone I hurried past, often with
my eyes shut; and at night time, I am not ashamed to admit, I often ran.
Yet, at that time I had no knowledge that others beside myself thought
these things and had these experiences. I did not know, for instance, that
once, when my youngest sister, who was a little older than I, was passing
along that passage I so much dreaded, she heard, close beside her, a
short, sharp laugh, or chuckle, and so expressive of hatred and derision,
that the sound of it haunted her memory ever after. I also did not know
then that one evening, immediately prior to my father's death, when
another of my sisters was running up the stairs, she saw, peering down at
her from over the banisters on that top landing I so much dreaded, a face
which literally froze her with horror. Crowned with a mass of disordered
tow-coloured hair, the skin tightly drawn over the bones like a mummy, it
looked as if it had been buried for several months and then resurrected.
The light, obliquely set eyes, suffused with baleful glee, stared straight
at her, while the mouth, just such a mouth as might have made that
chuckle, leered. It did not seem to her to be the face of anyone that had
ever lived, but to belong to an entirely different species, and to be the
creation of something wholly evil. She looked at it for some seconds, too
petrified to move or cry out, until, her faculties gradually reassuring
themselves, she turned round from the spot and flew downstairs.

Some years later, just before the death of my mother, at about the same
time of day and in precisely the same place, the head was again seen,
this time by my younger sister, the one who had heard the ghostly chuckle.

I think, without doubt, that the chuckle, no less than the head, must be
attributed to the malignant Banshee. I may add, perhaps, without
digressing too much, that supernatural happenings, apart from the Banshee,
were associated with both my parents' deaths. On the night following my
father's murder, and on every subsequent night for a period of six weeks,
my mother and the servants were aroused regularly at twelve o'clock by a
sound, as of someone hammering down the lids of packing-cases, issuing
from the room in the basement of the house, which my father had always
used as a study. They then heard footsteps ascending the stairs and
pausing outside each bedroom in turn, which they all recognised as my
father's, and, occasionally, my old nurse used to see the door of the
night nursery open, and a light, like the light of a candle outside,
whilst at the same time she would hear, proceeding from the landing, a
quick jabber, jabber, jabber, as of someone talking very fast, and trying
very hard to say something intelligible. No one was ever seen when this
voice and the footsteps, said to be my father's, were heard, but this
circumstance may be accounted for by the fact that my father, just before
leaving Ireland, had remarked to my mother that, should anything happen
to him abroad, he would in his spirit appear to her; and she, growing pale
at the mere thought, begged him to do no such thing, whereupon he had
laughingly replied:

"Very well then, I will find some other means of communicating with you."

Many manifestations of a similar nature to the foregoing, and also, like
the foregoing, having nothing to do with the Banshee, occurred immediately
after the death of my mother, but of these I must give an account on some
future occasion.

Years passed, and nothing more was seen or heard of the Banshee till I was
grown up. After leaving school I went to Dublin to read with Dr Chetwode
Crawley, in Ely Place, for the Royal Irish Constabulary, and I might, I
think, have passed into that Force, had it not been for the fact that at
the preliminary medical examination some never-to-be-forgotten and, as I
thought then, intensely ill-natured doctor, rejected me. Accordingly, I
never entered for the literary, but returned home thoroughly dispirited,
and faced with the urgent necessity of at once looking around for
something to do. However, in a very short time I had practically settled
on going to America to a ranch out West (a most disastrous venture as it
subsequently proved to be), and it was immediately after I had reached
this decision that my first actual experience with what I believe to have
been the malevolent family Banshee occurred. It happened in the same house
in which the other supernatural occurrences had taken place. All the
family, saving myself, were away at the time, and I was the sole occupant
of one of the landings, the servants being all together on another floor.

I had gone to bed early, and had been sleeping for some time, when I was
awakened about two o'clock by a loud noise, for which I could not account,
and which reverberated in my ears for fully half a minute. I was sitting
up, still wondering what on earth could have produced it, when,
immediately over my head, I heard a laugh, an abrupt kind of chuckle, that
was so malicious and evil that I could not possibly attribute it to any
human agency, but rather to some entity of wholly satanic origin, and
which my instinct told me was one of our attendant Banshees. I got out of
bed, struck a light, and made a thorough investigation, not only of the
room, but the landing outside. There was no one there, nothing, as far as
I could see, that could in any way explain the occurrence. I threw open
the bedroom window and looked out. The night was beautiful--the sky
brilliantly illuminated with moon and stars--and everything perfectly
still, excepting for the very faintest rustling of the leaves as the soft
night breeze swept through the branches and set them in motion. I listened
for some time, but, the hush continuing, I at last got back again into
bed, and eventually fell asleep. I mentioned the incident in the morning
to the servants, and they, too, had heard it.

A short time afterwards I went to the United States, and had the most
unhappy and calamitous experience in my whole career.

My next experience of the Banshee happened two or three years later, when,
having returned from America, I was living in Cornwall, running a small
preparatory school, principally for delicate boys.

The house I occupied was quite new, in fact I was the first tenant, and
had watched it being built. It was the last house in a terrace, and facing
it was a cliff, at the foot of which ran a steep path leading to the
beach. At this particular time there was no one in the house but my aged
housekeeper, by name Mrs Bolitho, and myself, and whilst Mrs Bolitho slept
in a room on the first floor, I was the sole occupant of the floor
immediately above it.

One night I had been sitting up writing, rather later than usual, and,
being very tired, had dropped off to sleep, almost immediately after
getting into bed. I woke about two o'clock hearing a curious kind of
tapping noise coming along the passage that ran parallel with my bed.
Wondering what it could be, I sat up and listened. There were only bare
boards outside, and the noise was very clear and resonant, but difficult
to analyse. It might have been produced by the very high heels of a lady's
boot or shoe, or the bony foot of a skeleton. I could compare it with
nothing else. On it came, tap, tap, tap, till it finally seemed to halt
outside my door. There was then a pause, during which I could feel
somebody or something was listening most earnestly, making sure, I
thought, whether I was awake or not, and then a terrific crash on one of
the top panels of the door. After this there was silence. I got up, and,
somewhat timidly opening the door, for I more than half expected to find
myself confronted with something peculiarly dreadful and uncanny, peeped
cautiously out. There was nothing to be seen, however; nothing but the
cold splendour of the moon, which, shining through a window nearly
opposite me, filled the entire passage with its beams. I went into each of
the rooms on the landing in turn, but they were all empty, and there was
nothing anywhere that could in any way account for what I had heard. In
the morning I questioned Mrs Bolitho, but she had heard nothing.

"For a wonder," she said, "I slept very soundly all through the night, and
only awoke when it was time to get up."

Two days later I received tidings of the death of my uncle, Colonel John
Vize O'Donnell of Trough.[17] He had died almost suddenly, his death
occurring a few hours after I had heard the footsteps and the knock.

Three years after this experience I had moved into another house in the
same town--also a new house, and also the last in a terrace. At the rear,
and on one side of it, was a garden, flanked by a hedge, beyond which were
fields that led in almost unbroken succession to the coast. It could not
be altogether described as occupying a lonely position, although the
fields were little frequented after dusk.

Well, one night my wife and I were awakened about midnight by a series of
the most agonising and heart-rending screams, which, if like anything
earthly at all, seemed to us to be more like the screams of a woman in the
very direst distress. The cries were so terrible and sounded so near to
us, almost, in fact, in the room, that we were both horribly alarmed, and
hardly knew what to say or think.

"Whatever is happening?" my wife whispered, catching hold of me by the
arm, "and what is it?"

"I don't know," was my reply, "unless it is the Banshee, for there is
nobody else that could make such a noise."

The screams continued for some seconds, and then died away in one
long-drawn-out wail or sob. I waited for some minutes to see if there was
a repetition of the sounds, and, there being none, I at length got up, and
not, I confess, without considerable apprehensions, went out on to the
landing, where I found several of the other inmates of the house collected
together discussing with scared faces the screams which they, too, had
heard. An examination of the house and grounds was at once made, but
nothing was discerned that could in any way account for the sounds, and I
adhered to my opinion that it must have been the Banshee; which opinion
was very considerably strengthened, when, a few days later, I received the
news that an aunt of mine, an O'Donnell, in County Kerry, had passed away
within twenty-four hours of the time the screaming had occurred. It is,
perhaps, a dozen years or so since we left Cornwall, and my latest
experience of the Banshee took place in the house in which we are now
living near the Crystal Palace.

The experience occurred in connection with the death of my youngest
sister. On the night preceding her decease I dreamed most vividly that I
saw the figure of a female dressed in some loose-flowing, fantastic
garment come up the path leading to the house, and knock very loudly
several times, in quick succession, at the back door. I was going to
answer, when a sudden terror held me back.

"It's the Banshee," a voice whispered in my ear, "the Banshee. Don't let
her in, she's coming for one of you."

This so startled me that I awoke. I then found that my wife was awake
also, trembling all over, and in a great state of excitement.

"Did you hear that tremendous knock?" she whispered.

"What!" I replied. "You don't mean to say there really was a knock? Why, I
fancied it was only in my dream."

"You may have dreamt it," she said, "but I didn't--I heard it; it was at
this door, not at the front door. I say knock, but it was really a
crash--a terrific crash on the top panel of the door."

We anxiously waited to see if there would be a repetition, but, nothing
happening, we lay down again, and eventually went to sleep.

On the following day we received a telegram informing us that at ten
o'clock that morning my sister had passed away.

Since then, I am glad to relate I have not again come in contact with the
Banshee. At the same time, however, there are occasions when I feel very
acutely that she is not far away, and I am seldom, if ever, perhaps,
absolutely free from an impression that she hovers near at hand, ready to
manifest herself the moment either death or disaster threaten any member
of my family. Moreover, that she takes a peculiar interest in my personal
affairs, I have, alas, only too little reason to doubt.


In reply to a letter of mine asking for particulars of the Banshee alleged
to be attached to the Inchiquin family, I received the following:

     "I think the name (of the Banshee) was OBENHEIM, but I am not sure.
     Two or three people have told me that she appeared before my
     grandfather's death, but none of them either saw or heard her, but
     they had met people who did say they had heard her."

Writing also for particulars of the Banshee to a cousin of the head of one
of the oldest Irish clans, I received a long letter, from which I will
quote the following:

     "I have heard 'the Banshee' cry. It is simply like a woman wailing in
     the most unearthly fashion. At the time an O'Neill was in this house,
     and she subsequently heard that her eldest brother had died on that
     night between twelve a.m. and three a.m., when we all of us heard the
     Banshee wailing. I heard her also at my mother's death, and at the
     death of my husband's eldest sister. The cry is not always quite the
     same. When my dear mother died, it was a very low wail which seemed
     to go round and round the house.

     "At the death of one of the great O'Neill family, we located the cry
     at one end of the house. When my sister-in-law died I was wakened up
     by a loud scream in my room in the middle of the night. She had died
     at that instant. I heard the Banshee one day, driving in the country,
     at a distance. Sometimes the Banshee, who follows old families, is
     heard by the whole village. Some people say she is red-haired and
     wears a long flowing white dress. She is supposed to wring her long
     thick hair. Others say she appears as a small woman dressed in black.

     "Such an apparition did appear to me in the daytime before my
     mother-in-law died."

The writer of this letter has asked me not to publish her name, but I have
it by me in case corroboration is needed.

In reference to the O'Donnell Banshee, Chapter XIII., my sister,
Petronella O'Donnell, writes:

     "I remember vividly my first experience of our Banshee. I had never
     heard of it at the time, and in fact I have only heard of it in
     recent years.

     "It happened one day that I went into the hall, in the daytime, I
     forget the exact hour, and as I climbed the stairway, being yet a
     small child, I happened to look up. There, looking over the rails at
     the top of the stairway, was an object so horrible that I shudder
     when I think of it even now. In a greenish halo of light the most
     terrible head imagination could paint--only this was no imagination,
     I knew it was a real object--was looking at me with apparently
     fiendish fire in its light and leering eyes. The head was neither man
     nor woman's; it was ages old; it might have been buried and dug up
     again, it was so skull-like and shrunken; its pallor was horrible,
     grey and mildewy; its hair was long. Its mouth leered, and its light
     and cruel eyes seemed determined to hurt me to the utmost, with the
     terror it inspired. I remember how my childish heart rebelled against
     its cowardice in trying to hurt and frighten so small a child. Gazing
     back at it in petrified horror, I slowly returned to the room I had
     come from. I resolved never to tell anyone about it, I was so proud
     and reserved by nature.

     "I had then two secret terrors hidden in my Irish heart. The first
     one I have never till recently spoken of to anyone; it happened
     before I saw this awful head. I was asleep, but yet I knew I was
     _not_ asleep. Suddenly, down the road that led to our home in Ireland
     came an object so terrible that for years after my child's heart used
     to stand still at the memory of it. The object I saw coming down to
     our house was a procession--there were several pairs of horses being
     led by grooms in livery, pulling an old coach with them. It was a
     large and awful looking old coach! The horses were headless, and the
     men who led them were headless, and even now as I write, the awful
     terror of it all comes over me, it was a terror beyond words. I
     _knew_, I felt certain they had come to cut off my head! This
     procession of headless things stopped at our door, the men entered
     the house, chased me up to the very top of it, and then cut off my
     head! I can remember saying to myself, 'Now I am dead, I am dead, I
     can suffer no more.'

     "They then went back to the coach, and the procession moved away and
     was lost to view.

     "Night after night I lay shivering with terror, for months, for
     years, there was such a _lurid_ horror about this headless

     "Some weeks after I saw the head, we heard that our father had been
     killed about that time in Egypt, murdered it was supposed. My mother
     died some years afterwards.

     "One evening, when I was grown up, we were sitting round the fire
     with friends, and someone said:

     "'I don't believe in ghosts. Have you ever met anyone who has seen
     one? I have not!'

     "A sudden impulse came over me--never to that moment had I ever
     mentioned the head--and, leaning forward, I said:

     "'I have seen a ghost; I saw the most terrible head when I was a
     child, looking over the staircase.'

     "To my astonishment my sister, who was sitting near me, said:

     "'I saw a most terrible head, too, looking over the staircase.'

     "I said:

     "'When did you see it? I saw it when our father died.'

     "And she said:

     "'And, _I_ saw it when our mother died.'

     "In describing it, we found all the details agreed, and learned not
     long after that it was without doubt our own Banshee we had seen.

     "People have said to me that Banshees are heard, not seen. This is
     not correct, it all depends if one is clairvoyant or clairaudient.

     "I remember when my mother was alive, how I came in from a walk one
     evening and found the whole house in a ferment, the most terrible
     screaming and crying had been heard pass over the house. Our mother
     said it must be the Banshee. Sure enough we heard of the death of a
     very near relation directly after. If I had been present, no doubt I
     should not only have heard the screams but I should have seen
     something as well.

     "A few years ago in Ireland I was talking about these things, and a
     relation I had not met before was present. He said to me:

     "'But as well as the Banshee do you know that we have a _headless
     coach_ attached to our family; it is proceeded by men, who lead the
     horses, and none of them have heads.'

     "Like a flash came that never-to-be-forgotten vision of that awful
     procession I had seen as a child, and of which I had never made any
     mention till then. I remember now that after I saw the headless coach
     we heard that our grandmother was dead. I believe that the headless
     coach belongs to her family.


The headless coach referred to in the foregoing account comes to us, I
believe, from the Vize family. My grandmother before her marriage was
Sarah Vize, daughter of John Vize of Donegal, Glenagad and Limerick. Her
sister Frances married her cousin, David Roche of Carass (see Burke's
"Landed Gentry of Ireland," under Maunsell family, and Burke's "Peerage
under Roche"), their son being Sir David Roche, Bart.

The great-great-grandmother of Sarah Vize was Mary, daughter of Butler of
the house of the Earl Glengall Cahir. Sarah Vize's mother, my
great-grandmother, before her marriage was Sarah Maunsell, granddaughter
of William Maunsell of Ballinamona, County Cork, the fifth son of Colonel
Thomas Maunsell of Mocollop.

In the accompanying genealogical tree, tracing the descent of the
O'Donnells of Trough from Niall of the Nine Hostages, the O'Briens of
Thomond and the O'Rourkes of Brefui, may be found the basis upon which my
family's claim to the dual Banshee rests.

The original may be seen in the office of the King of Arms, Dublin. The
following is merely an extract:

  Niall of the Nine Hostages.
        King of Ireland
         Conall Gulban
  Leadna, Prince of Tirconnell
      Lughaidb, and from

him, in direct descent, to Foirdhealbhach an Fhiona O'Donnhnaill, who had
two sons, the elder, Shane Luirg and the younger, Niall Garbh. From Niall
Garbh the illustrious Red Hugh and his brother Rory, Earl of Tirconnell,
were descended, from Shane Luirg, whose rank as "The O'Donnell" was taken
by his younger brother, presumably the stronger man of the two, the Trough
O'Donnells are descended.

The line goes on thus:

                              Shane Luirg
                            Art O'Donnhnail
                                  |    (ob. circa 1490)
                          Niall O'Donnhnaill
                                  |    (ob. circa 1525)
    Foirdheal bhach O'Donnhnaill _m._ Julia Maguire
                                  |     (ob. 1552)
                           Shane _m._ Rosa, d. of Hugh O'Donnell
                                  |     (ob. 1581)
      Hugh O'Donnell of Limerick _m._ Maria, d. of Donat O'Brien of the
                                  |     House of Thomond (ob. 1610)
             Edmund, of Limerick _m._ Bridget, d. of O'Rourk of the
                    (ob. 1651)    |     House of Brefui
              James, of Limerick _m._ Helena, d. of James Sarsfield,
                     (ob. 1680)   |     great-uncle of Patrick
                                  |     Sarsfeld, Earl of Lucan
                            John _m._ Margaret, d. of Thomas Creagh
                                  |     of Limerick
                           James _m._ Christiana, d. of William
                                  |     Stritch of Limerick
                            John _m._ Deborah, d. of William Anderson
                       (ob. 1780) |     of Tipperary
        |                                            |
  [18]John, of Limerick _m._ Sarah Elliot   Henry Anderson _m._ Domina Jan,
      and Baltimore,     |   of Baltimore,    O'Donnell     |   daughter of
      U.S.A (ob. 1805)   |   U.S.A.           (ob. 1840)    |   nephew of
                         |                                  |   Shah of
                         |                                  |   Persia
                         |                                  |
    Elliot, of Limerick _m._ Sarah Vize,    Gen. Sir C. R. _m._ Catherine
      (ob. 1836)         |   of Limerick      O'Donnell,        Anne, d.
                         |                    K.C.B., and       of Gen. P.
                         |                    Member of the     Murray,
                         |                    Irish Academy     nephew of
                         |                    (ob. 1870)        the Earl
                         |                                      of Elibank
               Rev. Henry O'Donnell
               Elliot (youngest son)

For particulars of the pedigree see Vol. X., p. 327, Genealogias, in the
Office of Ulster King of Arms, Dublin.

From Niall to Shane Luirg, see Register XV., p. 5; from Shane to my
grandfather, Elliot, see Register XXIII., p. 286; and down to myself, see
"Sheridan," p. 323.

Referring to the Banshee prior to my aunt's death (see Chapter XIII.) my
wife writes:

     "I certainly remember, one night, when we were living in Cornwall,
     hearing a most awful scream, a scream that rose and fell, and ended
     in a long-drawn-out wail of agony. I have never heard any other sound
     at all like it, and therefore cannot think that it could have been
     anything earthly. At the time, however, I did think that possibly the
     scream was that of a woman being murdered, and did not rest until my
     husband, with other inmates of our house, had made a thorough search
     of the garden and premises.

     "Shortly after we had had this experience, we heard of the death, in
     Ireland, of one of my husband's aunts.

     "I also recollect that one night, shortly before we received the news
     of my sister-in-law's death, I heard a crash on our bedroom door. It
     was so loud that it quite shook the room, and my husband, apparently
     wakened by it, told me he had dreamed that the Banshee had come and
     was knocking for admittance. This happened not very long ago, when we
     were living in Norwood.




[1] "Ancient Legends, Mystic Charms and Superstitions of Ireland," by Lady

[2] "The Astral Plane," p. 106.

[3] This book was published in 1888.

[4] In the Addenda at end of this volume will be found a genealogical tree
showing descent of author from the Thomond O'Briens.

[5] In Addenda see tree showing descent of author from O'Rourks of Brefni.

[6] As a rule the Banshee is neither heard nor seen by the person whose
death it predicts. There are, however, some notable exceptions.

[7] For further reference to the Banshee of the O'Neills see Addenda.

[8] See Addenda.

[9] See Addenda.

[10] It may be recorded here as a matter of interest that my ancestress,
Helena Sarsfield, was a daughter of James Sarsfield, great-uncle of
Patrick Sarsfield, Earl of Lucan and the defender of Limerick against the

[11] Neither of her stories have appeared in print before.

[12] See "The Ghost World," by T. F. T. Dyer, p. 227.

[13] See Sir Walter Scott's Poetical Works, 1853, VIII., p. 126.

[14] These extracts are taken from quotations of the poem in Chapter II.
of a work entitled "Ancient History of the Kingdom of Kerry" by Friar
O'Sullivan of Muckross Abbey, published in the Journal of the Cork
Historical and Archæological Society (Vol. V., No. 44); and Friar
O'Sullivan, in commenting upon these passages relating to the Banshees,
writes (quoting from "Kerry Records"): "It seems that at this time it was
the universal opinion that every district belonging to the Geraldines had
its own attendant Banshee" (see _Archæological Journal_, 1852, on "Folk
Lore" by N. Kearney).

[15] See Records of the Truagh O'Donnells in the Office of the King of
Arms, Dublin. Refs.: Genealogias, Vol. XI., p. 327; Register XV., p. 5;
Register XXII., p. 286; and Sheridan, p. 323.

[16] The originals are still in existence. The diary was kept right up to
the night preceding his death.

[17] Also spelt Truagh.

[18] John O'Donnell of Baltimore's eldest son, Columbus, had a daughter,
Eleanora, who married Adrian Iselin of New York, and their grand-daughter,
Norah, is the present Princess Coleredo Mansfeldt.

  *       *       *       *

Transcriber's note:

Text in italics is enclosed by underscores (_italics_).

The following misprints have been corrected:
  "know" corrected to "known" (page 14)
  "sometime" corrected to "sometimes" (page 17)
  "heartrending" standardized to "heart-rending" (page 243)

Other than the corrections listed above, inconsistencies in spelling
and hyphenation have been retained from the original.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Banshee" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.