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Title: The American Missionary—Volume 39, No. 07, July, 1885
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The American Missionary—Volume 39, No. 07, July, 1885" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

by Cornell University Digital Collections.)


The American Missionary


NO. 7

July, 1885.]


       *       *       *       *       *



  THE FIGURES--FINANCIAL                                          187
  EXERCISE OF BENEVOLENCE                                         188
  PARAGRAPHS                                                      191
    SHALL WE DO WITH THE CHINESE?                                 192


  FISK UNIVERSITY                                                 195
  ANNIVERSARY AT HAMPTON INSTITUTE                                196
  GREGORY INSTITUTE                                               198
  RELIGIOUS INTEREST AT TALLADEGA                                 199
    BUILDING                                                      201
  STUDENT'S LETTER                                                202
  OBITUARY: MRS. H. M. STEVENS                                    203
  OBITUARY: MISS O. E. GOODRIDGE                                  204


    HOME MISS. UNION                                              205
  A TRUE INCIDENT                                                 206


  THE LITTLE BLACK GIRL'S SACRIFICE                               207

RECEIPTS                                                          208

       *       *       *       *       *



Rooms, 56 Reade Street.

       *       *       *       *       *

Price 50 Cents a Year, in Advance.

Entered at the Post-Office at New York, N. Y., as second-class

       *       *       *       *       *

American Missionary Association.

       *       *       *       *       *



  Rev. C. L. GOODELL, D. D., Mo.
  Rev. F. A. NOBLE, D. D., Ill.
  Rev. A. J. F. BEHRENDS, D. D., N. Y.
  Rev. ALEX. McKENZIE, D. D., Mass.
  Rev. D. O. MEARS, D. D., Mass.

_Corresponding Secretary._

  Rev. M. E. STRIEBY, D. D., _56 Reade Street, N. Y._

_Assistant Corresponding Secretary._

  Rev. JAMES POWELL, D. D., _56 Reade Street, N. Y._


  H. W. HUBBARD, Esq., _56 Reade Street, N. Y._



_Executive Committee._

  JOHN H. WASHBURN, Chairman.
  A. P. FOSTER, Secretary.

  _For Three Years._


  _For Two Years._


  _For One Year._

  WM. H. WARD.

_District Secretaries._

  Rev. C. L. WOODWORTH, D. D., _21 Cong'l House, Boston._
  Rev. J. E. ROY, D. D., _112 West Washington Street, Chicago._

  Rev. CHARLES W. SHELTON, _Financial Secretary for Indian Missions._

_Field Officer._

  Prof. ALBERT SALISBURY, _Superintendent of Education._

_Bureau of Woman's Work._

  _Secretary_, Miss D. E. EMERSON, _56 Reade Street, N. Y._

       *       *       *       *       *


Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the
Corresponding Secretary: those relating to the collecting fields, to
Rev. James Powell, D. D., or to the District Secretaries; letters for
the "American Missionary," to the Editor, at the New York Office.


May be sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, 56 Reade Street, New York,
or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21
Congregational House, Boston, Mass., or 112 West Washington Street,
Chicago, Ill. A payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes a
Life Member.


"I BEQUEATH to my executor (or executors) the sum of ---- dollars, in
trust, to pay the same in ---- days after my decease to the person
who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurer of the
'American Missionary Association,' of New York City, to be applied,
under the direction of the Executive Committee of the Association, to
its charitable uses and purposes." The Will should be attested by
three witnesses.

       *       *       *       *       *


VOL. XXXIX.      JULY, 1885.        NO. 7

       *       *       *       *       *

American Missionary Association.

       *       *       *       *       *



       *       *       *       *       *

Your Committee are convinced that not less than a THOUSAND DOLLARS a
day are imperatively demanded to perfect the admirably organized
plans of the Association, even for the present, to say nothing of the
pressing needs of the early future.--


       *       *       *       *       *


  _Receipts._                     Donations.    Legacies.       Total.

  Oct. 1, 1884, to May 31, 1885  $136,972.82   $21,784.35    $158,757.17
  Oct. 1, 1883, to May 31, 1884   132,507.66    21,710.40     154,218.06
                                 -----------   ----------    -----------
                              Inc. $4,465.16  Inc. $73.95 Inc. $4,539.11

       *       *       *       *       *

Our financial storm signal is still out. That threatening forty
thousand dollars' deficit does not let up in its indications of
approach. The black clouds are plainly discernible. We have been for
months anxiously watching their movements. Our prayers and efforts
have been steadily turned towards their dissipation. We do not lose
faith. We believe in our work. We believe in our friends. The work
has merit. Our friends have ability. The two will come together and
the merit will cause the ability to stand forth. There are many
things very decidedly encouraging.

Never in all our history has the work been more abundantly blessed.
Our schools have been crowded and God's Spirit has come down in great
power upon the hearts of our pupils. In one school the revival
character of the religious services had to cease, because there were
none left to be converted! Our churches have been revived and
enlarged. A spirit of joy and thankfulness is in the hearts of our

Notwithstanding the hard times, our receipts from the churches and
living donors are larger by several thousand dollars than they were
at this time last year. These facts are the indications of a living
cause and an able constituency. They call upon us to lift our heads
in hope and to inspire one another to still greater activity, and, if
need be, to self-denial. We have no legacies in sight, and we
certainly do not desire our friends to die. Our prayer is that they
may live; that they may live long. Apart from their gifts in money we
desire the strength and the grandeur of their lives to aid us in
carrying forward the great and growing work on hand. We again call
upon them to help us round out this year without a debt.

We take the liberty to point out one way in which they can do this.

Our missionaries are, many of them, returning at this time of year
for a brief rest at the North. They need it. They have earned it. It
may seem wrong to tax these brave workers, but we venture to say that
if they are invited to tell the public the story of their experience
they will not refuse to do it; and we venture to say further, it will
be a story the public will be glad to hear. Let them have a royal
welcome home by the churches. In the language of Rev. Sam Jones, the
noted Southern Evangelist, as he counseled the churches to receive
the new converts, "Let it not be on the tips of your fingers or on
the palms of your hands you receive them, but, on your hearts," and
God will bless the welcome to the churches, to the missionaries and
to the work. Hear their story, heed its lessons, and it will not be
long before the clouds shall roll away and our financial storm-signal
be taken down.

       *       *       *       *       *

The exercise of benevolence Christ never conditioned on human
recognition. The publicans and heathen furnished examples on that
plane. When Christianity uncovers its roots there is never anything
commercial even hinted at. Sinners need salvation. That is enough.
Divine love moves in the presence of necessity. Its movement is
electric. Even if ingratitude smite it in the face; nay, worse, if
malignancy would summon forces for its crucifixion, without relaxing
an iota it breathes the prayer, "Father, forgive them, for they know
not what they do." Unswervingly Christ held along, doing right
because it was right. Passion in all its forms of unbalanced feeling
lay far beneath His holy life. A righteous indignation against
Phariseeism He felt; He was moved with compassion when He saw the
people scattered abroad as sheep without a shepherd; in numberless
forms in the presence of sorrow and want His emotion was stirred, but
the machinations of wicked men against the establishment of
righteousness, He contemplated with imperturbable equanimity. It was
not merely that He had a strong faith that all such opposition was
the imagination of a vain thing. He knew that it was so.

It may not be given His disciples to walk so much by knowledge as
did the Master, but where He leads, they can follow in a faith that
shall sustain them and give them triumph in every path of duty.
Opposition may meet them. Difficulties may lie in the path. Evil men
may oppose them, and good men, misinterpreting their motives and
misunderstanding their work, may misrepresent them. But what matters
it? Conscious in the strength that they are doing right, they will
work on unhindered and undisturbed. Christian virtue finds in its own
development all the reward necessary to stimulate continuance in well

       *       *       *       *       *


The colored people of the United States are just twenty years out of
the house of bondage. With long centuries of barbarism and two
hundred and fifty years of slavery behind them, they started out
homeless, landless, moneyless and experienceless. The New Orleans
Exposition was to have exhibits from all lands: Asia, with its
millennium of transmitted achievements; Europe, with its centuries of
enlightened development; the United States, with their wonderful
improvements on the best the world had produced, were all to be
there. What show could the twenty-year-old freedmen make in such
company? The very idea of their attempting to put in an appearance
would seem absurd.

But the colored people desired at least to stand up and be counted.
They determined to be there. The entire gallery in one end of the
immense Government building was assigned them, and the specimens of
their skill more than filled it. They came from nearly every State
and Territory in the Union. Their exhibits represented almost every
department of mechanical, agricultural and artistic skill. Excellence
in workmanship, fertility in invention, tastefulness in the fine
arts, were all displayed to a remarkable degree in the large
collection. Southerners and Northerners were alike astonished at what
their eyes beheld. Those who thought that the negro has no higher
mission than to be a "hewer of wood and drawer of water," were
compelled either to change their minds or else to say they did not
believe that the colored people did the work. It was amusing to hear
the remarks of some of the latter class, as they looked at some
beautiful specimens of negro handicraft or ingenuity.

It may interest the readers of the MISSIONARY to glance at the great
variety of lines along which negro ability put itself on exhibition.

Examination papers from schools were very numerous, showing
proficiency in penmanship, spelling, arithmetic, algebra, geometry,
free drawing, grammar and translations from the classics; fine
needlework of all kinds; millinery; dress-making, tailoring; portrait
and landscape painting in oil, water-colors and crayon; photography;
sculpture; models of steamboats, locomotives, stationary engines, and
railway cars; cotton presses, plows, cultivators, and reaping
machines; wagons, buggies; tools of almost all kinds, from the hammer
of the carpenter to the finely-wrought forceps of the dentist; piano
and organ (both pipe and reed) making; carpentry, cabinet-making;
upholstery; tin-smithing; black-smithing, boot and shoe making;
basket and broom making; pottery, plain and glazed; brick-making;
agricultural products, including all the cereals and fruits raised in
the country; silk-worm culture; fruit preserving; flour from a mill,
and machinery from a foundry owned by a colored man; patented
inventions and improvements, nearly all of them useful and practical,
were quite numerous; drugs and medicines; stationery, printing and

Some of the articles on exhibition are worthy of special mention--a
black walnut pulpit, in design and finish as beautiful and tasteful
as any church might wish; a sofa finely upholstered, and the covering
embroidered with artistically-executed needlework, showing four
prominent events in the life of Toussaint l'Ouverture; a chandelier,
very beautiful in design and finely finished; a complete set of
dentist's instruments, in polish and finish remarkable; a little
engine, made by a silversmith of Knoxville, who was a slave, and who
has become a skilled workman of local reputation. He never worked in
a shop till he had one of his own. He learned the use of tools
without any instruction. These articles would certainly merit
attention, even if put in competition with similar specimens of the
very best workmanship.

Neither the negroes nor their friends have any reason to regret that
an exhibit was made. It was in every sense of the word creditable. It
marks a progress simply wonderful, when all the circumstances are
taken into the account. It is prophetic of a very hopeful future. It
demonstrates that the negro race can enter every profession and
calling in which the white man is found. It proclaims in tones that
no one should misunderstand, that he who writes or speaks of the
colored people should be careful how he pronounces judgment in regard
to their capacity. They should be given a white man's chance. No
trade nor occupation should be closed against them. Open doors should
welcome to honorable competition, white and black alike. Let this be
so, and in less than half a century there will not be a trade, nor
profession, nor calling, in which black men will not be found in the
front. There will be preachers and professors, and editors, and
physicians, and lawyers, and statesmen, and teachers, and bankers,
and business men, and artisans, and mechanics and farmers, of
African descent, of whom, as brethren, the very greatest of white men
will not need to be ashamed. Let writers on the negro stop theorizing
about his capacity for this or that calling, and unite in demanding
that he have a fair chance to become what God has made him capable of
becoming. It is wrong, it is wicked for men who by voice and pen
influence public sentiment, to conclude that because the negro is now
a waiter, a boot-black, a barber, a laborer, that therefore he cannot
be anything else, or even that he cannot probably be anything else.
By the very force of circumstances he has been compelled to occupy
these positions. By an unjust public sentiment he has been shut out
from even an opportunity to prove his capacity to stand beside his
white brother in every calling.

Public sentiment should be reformed at this point; and the colored
people's exhibition of what they have achieved in the short space of
twenty years, in spite of opposition, and in spite of lack of
opportunity, assures us that if they are permitted they will
contribute no small share in securing the reformation. We advise all
leaders of public sentiment who do not desire twenty-five or thirty
years hence to be found eating their words of to-day, or explaining
how it was that they came to be on ground so untenable, to heed the
lessons of this Exposition, and range themselves with those who look
at facts, and who recognize the prophetic power of facts, and
heartily accept the prophecy, even if this prophecy run counter to
what have been _their_ fancies.

       *       *       *       *       *

The Colored People's Educational Day at the World's Exposition called
out an immense crowd and proved to be of very great interest.
Speeches were made by representatives of both races. Rev. Dr. Palmer,
the eloquent Presbyterian divine, of New Orleans, and Col. Wm.
Preston Johnson, President of the Tulane University, represented the
Louisiana whites, and in their speeches not only complimented the
colored people on the progress they had made, but assured them of the
hearty sympathy and co-operation of all good people in the South. The
Rev. A. E. P. Albert, a graduate of our Straight University,
represented the colored people. The newspapers published his speech
in full. We have read it with much interest. It is a speech of
considerable power. It is an honor to the man, to his race and to the
A. M. A.

       *       *       *       *       *

Our Student's Letter this month is from Talladega College. The
memories it portrays are not pleasant, but it is fitting to remember
the pit out of which we have been digged. The darkness of the picture
makes the present opportunities and privileges of the colored people
to shine out all the brighter. Heartily can we thank God that these
terrible things are now only a memory.

       *       *       *       *       *


After the address of Secretary Powell before this body, May 13, 1885,
a committee consisting of Rev. James Brand, Rev. Enoch F. Baird and
Thos. C. Reynolds was appointed to report upon it. We subjoin the
report, which was adopted:

     Your committee appointed to report upon the speech of Secretary
     Powell beg leave to call attention to but one of the many points
     of interest in the address. That is, that the American
     Missionary Association is now in debt to the amount of $30,000,
     and that unless special efforts are made by the churches, the
     end of the year will see a debt of $40,000. It is manifest that
     this will necessarily mean the suspension of some forms of
     mission work, the crippling of others and the sad embarrassment
     of this grand organization for years to come. It _need_ not be;
     it _ought_ not to be; if Christian men and women do their duty,
     it _will_ not be. Your committee therefore propose this

     _Resolved_, That we, the members of this association, will
     individually urge upon the churches under our charge the duty of
     making earnest and special efforts during the remainder of the
     year to relieve the American Missionary Association from this
     impending calamity.

       *       *       *       *       *


168) misunderstand Father Johnson, or has the old man forgotten?
There was no "hasty burial by the river." The body remained all night
in the warehouse, was taken to the house the next day and buried from
the house in the cemetery. Johnson dug two graves there; the first in
a spot afterward taken for a road or walk, and the second where the
remains now lie. The memorial tablet was put there in good faith by
an editor of Alton, who greatly admired Lovejoy's defense of the
freedom of the press. But will there never be a more appropriate
monument? Is "Spare him now he is buried" all that is ever to be said
over the grave of Elijah P. Lovejoy?


       *       *       *       *       *


A momentous, an urgent, and a very hard question!

_Exclude them_, said the politicians, and close out thus forever the
problem their presence involves. This seems, at first sight, a simple
and easy, albeit a rather rough, answer. And so the Exclusion bill
became a law. But it is almost certain that there are more Chinese in
America to-day because of that law than there would have been without
it. They came in such great numbers after the law was enacted and
before it went into operation that (as I think) the decrease in
immigration since that date has not as yet offset that increase.

For nearly three years on our shore our King Canute has sat in his
royal chair forbidding the tide to rise. As long as ebb-tide lasts
his authority seems to be respected, and the problem of these
diurnal encroachments of the sea upon the land seems to be solved.
But when the time for flood-tide comes again, Canute will have to
move his chair, his mandates to the contrary notwithstanding.
Already, if rumor is to be believed, a profitable business is
conducted upon Puget Sound in smuggling Chinese from Vancouver's
Island to our forbidden soil. Certain it is that many Chinese,
failing to get tickets at Hong Kong for San Francisco, buy them to
Victoria. Already it becomes a serious question what fence can be
built along our northern frontier so close, so strong, so high that
no Chinese can anywhere climb over, or crawl under, or work through.
Mexico wants the Chinese, we hear. How far is it from the northern
line of Mexico to the southern line of California and Arizona? And
once across that line our Chinese invaders, coming slyly one by one,
have won the fight and go and come at their own pleasure.

Exclusion has not solved this problem, and it is safe to add that, as
it should not, so it never will. For this policy is in contradiction
to the vital principles of our national existence; and either it must
be abandoned, or sooner or later this contradiction will develop into
conflict irrepressible. Those vital principles are two: "All men
created equal," and "All men endowed with certain inalienable
rights," etc. Our fathers counted them to be self-evident, and placed
them as twin pillars in our temple of liberty. Now, a nation cannot
knock out its own foundation stones, cannot defy the laws of its own
organic life without becoming divided against itself; and in the
conflict ensuing, either its vital principles will be reaffirmed and
rehabilitated, or else the nation dies. We have had one lesson at
this point, and we ought not to need another for a dozen centuries.
Exclusion is only a make-shift of the politicians, not the offspring
of real statesmanship. It has not solved the problem, and it never

What then shall we do? Educate and Christianize these heathen, we
reply: So you will make them to be Chinese no longer, but Americans.
This is the right answer, but, alas, how much easier said than done!
The undertaking, hard enough at first, grows harder, in some
respects, as the years roll on.

One added difficulty is the wider diffusion of these strangers over
our whole country. The prejudice which their peculiarities excite is
thus extended, while the number to be reached in any one locality is
diminished. Work for the Chinese ought now to be prosecuted, not
simply in Sunday schools, but in Mission schools, kept in session
every evening and alt through the year in most of the principal
cities of the whole Union, as well as on the Pacific Coast. But the
outward and visible encouragements will be smaller, because each
Mission finds its particular field reduced in size.

Another added difficulty is in an increased and deepened antagonism
on the part of the great mass of Chinese to real Christianity.
Multitudes have seen enough of the true light to reject it; and
having rejected, now to hate it. Oh, it drives one back to God in an
agony of mingled longing and despair to see this mighty multitude
that will not come and be saved, drifting along in darkness and
wretchedness through this life to the blackness of darkness beyond!
And this is intensified by the thought of the children now quite
numerous in our Chinese communities. We know to what the daughters
are destined. We know what it is that gives them, in this country, a
special money value; and as to the sons, one can scarcely conceive
circumstances more perilous than those in which they are placed.
Breathing our free American air, entering readily into the Young
America spirit, they will not brook the harsh discipline which, in
their native land, would have been submissively and perhaps with
profit accepted. At the same time, the parents ill understand that
discipline of love which adjusts itself to these new circumstances,
and when it can no longer compel, succeeds in wooing and winning and
molding aright the boyish heart. Demons incarnate, both American and
Chinese, tempt these boys, while they are unprotected by any
reverence either for the ancestors and idols of their own people or
for the American God whom Americans by their conduct so cruelly

And this suggests another added difficulty: the contrast which our
Chinese Christians cannot but observe between the precepts of the
Bible, the example of Christ, the exhortations of those who led them
to Jesus, and the practices of multitudes of American professors of
religion. And, too often, they are led to do as we do, and not as we
say. While at the same time the indifference of many professed
Christians to the salvation of this Chinese, and the attitude of many
churches toward those already converted, loads the problem down with
difficulties such as might well drive us to despair.

But, no; nothing shall drive us to despair. This problem must be
solved. This mountain mass of heathenism must be--not removed and
cast into the sea, but transformed into the mountain of the Lord's
house, and made an element--an element of untold value and
efficiency--in our American Zion. Let us have faith as the grain of
mustard seed. Let us hear the voice which adds to our great
commission the promise: "Lo, I am with you alway." Let us take
courage at the remembrance of mercies past. With all these
difficulties upon us it still remains true that no other
non-Protestant foreigners are as accessible to us as the Chinese; and
that in proportion to the resources of men and money used, scarcely
any evangelistic work yields equal visible returns. There is only one
thing to do--for Christ's sake, for our country's sake, for the sake
of the uncounted millions beyond the sea--we must, and we will, claim
and conquer these precious souls for their Redeemer and our Lord.

  WM. C. POND.

       *       *       *       *       *



       *       *       *       *       *



Anniversary week at Fisk University is closed. Its alternate shower
and sunshine have fairly represented the rejoicing and the sadness
that always come with this harvest time of the year. The week began
on the evening of Friday, May 22, with the exhibition of the Senior
Preparatory Class, and was followed by the Baccalaureate and
Missionary sermons on Sunday, the anniversaries of the literary
societies and the alumni association, and the graduating exercises of
the Normal Department on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, and the final
great day of the feast, the College Commencement, on Thursday, May

This programme has become so fixed that to go over it in detail would
be monotonous; let us rather note a few of the significant and
interesting facts that belong particularly to this anniversary week.
The comparatively large size of the classes entering and leaving
college has been one marked feature and a source of great
encouragement. Thirteen young men and three young women were received
into the Freshman class, and a few days later thirteen young men and
two young women, having completed four years of college work, took
the degree of B. A. This is more than double the largest class ever
before graduated from Fisk, and while the increase in numbers cannot
yet be sustained with regularity from year to year, it does show a
growth in our work and a strengthening of purpose on the part of our
young people. In 1874, a class of six young men entered college, but
only two ever got beyond the threshold: the others lost heart and
purpose; of the present class three have fallen by the hand of death
within the four years and only three have dropped out for other

Commencement day revealed in the tone of the graduating orations a
moral earnestness and uprightness of principle that called forth the
commendation of our stranger guests. The best record of the class,
however, is in the influence its members have exerted in the school
during the whole of their Senior year.

It may be remembered that a year ago the Alumni Association adopted a
plan by which, beginning three years after graduation, at least one
per cent. of the earnings of each member is to be appropriated to an
endowment fund for Fisk University. Whenever the sum reaches $1,000,
it is to be devoted to some chair in the University. This year the
Treasurer reported $140 on hand. The beginning seems small, but who
can tell to what the stream may grow? Part of the Alumni anniversary
was given up to a memorial service for one who, after six years of
faithful work among her people, has died within the year.

On the evening devoted to the Normal Department, Prof. Salisbury was
expected to address us on some educational topic. In his absence,
Prof. Smith, of the chair of Greek in Vanderbilt University, kindly
filled the place and gave us an excellent address on Thomas Carlyle.
Prof. Smith is of Southern birth, but has manifested a cordial
friendliness and an interest that has led him to really investigate
the work of Fisk University.

On Commencement Day, Rev. R. G. Hutchins, D. D., of Minneapolis,
Minn., honored us with his presence and with an address, both wise
and eloquent, on "Sublime Motives," holding up three as especially
worthy to prompt to action: responsibility for the architecture of
our own character, responsibility for the development of latent moral
power, and the conservation of moral forces.

Few who heard it will forget the solemn charge given to the
graduating class by President Cravath, illustrated by an incident, as
told by the Rev. Sam. Jones, of the battle of Nashville. General Hood
saw a Federal battery making dreadful havoc in his army, and sent to
a subordinate general a messenger, saying, "Give him my compliments,
and tell him I ask at his hands the battery in the Locust Grove." The
general was in the thick of the battle and could not be found. The
same message was sent to another with the same result. Finally to a
third he sent the messenger, saying, "Give him my _love_, and tell
him I ask at his hands the battery in the Locust Grove." The battery
was speedily taken and the message of affection returned to General
Hood. So are these young people sent out with the love of teachers
and friends, to capture the batteries that are dealing moral death to
this people.

After the degree of B. A. had been conferred on the fifteen
graduates, that of M. A. was given to fourteen former graduates, who
for three years or more have been engaged in scholarly employments.

To add to the interest of Commencement, Gen. Fisk arrived the evening
before, and closed the public exercises of Thursday with an address,
whose pleasantry made every one forget the fatigue of five
consecutive hours of speech-making. Several members of the
Legislature, now in extra session in the Capitol, were present both
at the Commencement exercises and at the collation which followed.

A new and interesting feature of this anniversary was the part taken
by the Girls' Industrial Department. A basket of cake made by members
of the cooking class graced each table at the Commencement dinner and
was by general consent pronounced excellent. In the Assembly Room of
Jubilee Hall were displayed various garments and household articles
neatly made by the sewing classes.

Nothing has been said about examinations; they are like the bread of
our daily meals, always expected and very important. A more thorough
examination than usual was given the classes in drawing and in vocal
music. One exercise in the latter examination was the singing at
sight of a tune, in four parts, composed by a member of the class.

Our halls are already deserted; nothing holds our students after
Commencement: they scatter at once for work, and within a few weeks,
in at least half a dozen States, miniature Fisk Universities will be
in operation.


       *       *       *       *       *


In beauty, interest and enthusiasm Hampton anniversary days abate
nothing as years go on. The seventeenth anniversary exercises were
held on May 21, with a graduating class of forty-two, of whom five
were Indians. Visitors were present from North and South, East and
West, and such expressions as "The half was not told me!" and "Why
didn't I bring my wife?" were frequent, as usual.

Of the morning examinations, one of the most interesting was a
general exercise conducted by the chaplain, in review of the current
news of the world, which is daily read and discussed with the
students. Victor Hugo, French and English politics, the Afghan
trouble, Russia and Nihilism, Irish Nationalists, France and China,
England and Egypt, were touched in the questions, and the answers and
general interest showed the value of this daily exercise. In the
ancient history class, printed questions were shuffled and
distributed among the students, and question and answer were spoken
out promptly by each scholar, giving an attractive quickness and
vivacity to the recitation. The class of little Indian geographers
stood before a table on which was a miniature United States made of
sand, with its Eastern elevations, its great central plains, and its
high Western ranges. A thread of blue worsted, put in place by the
young world-builders, simulated the Mississippi, while cities (in the
guise of white buttons) sprang up with a rapidity unknown even in the
great West. The practice-teaching class is always of especial
interest and significance, as over ninety per cent of Hampton's
students devote themselves to teaching as their life mission. A dozen
little bright-eyed, brown-faced primaries from the "Butler" training
school received a geography lesson from one of the senior girls,
criticised by her class-mates. Its grand _finale_ was a miniature
volcanic eruption, creating a sensation among the Butler mites.

The industrial exhibits and the training shops, with their Negro and
Indian apprentices, attracted interested attention, as usual.

The emotions of anniversary day culminated in the afternoon
exercises, in which were several incidents of unusual interest. The
pretty and graceful salutatorian, fair as most of her hearers, was
introduced as a young representative of the family of faithful Mary
Peake, who, just escaped from slavery herself, taught the first
"contraband school" at Hampton. This introduction roused the
war-memories of Rev. Dr. Strieby, who, greeting the young girl as she
stepped on the platform, told the story of the first missionary sent
down to Old Point by the American Missionary Association, his
reception by the contrabands as an angel of deliverance, and his
first school, opened Sept. 17, 1861, with Mary Peake as its teacher,
till she gave up her life in the work for her people.

The pastor's class was represented by a Baptist minister from
Hampton, who gave an account of the Old and New ministry, somewhat
characteristic of both. This pastor's class has become an interesting
feature of Hampton, with a mission of peace and good-will to both
races and all sects and sections. Now in its second year, it numbers,
as pupils, 17 colored pastors of Hampton and vicinity. Baptist and
Methodist; and as teachers Rev. Mr. Frissell, chaplain, and Rev. Mr.
Tolman, ex-chaplain of the school, Northern Congregationalist
ministers, with Miss Alice Bacon, who thus worthily wears her
venerated fathers mantle, and the Southern white ministers from
Hampton, Episcopal, Baptist and Methodist, in unity of spirit that is
verily "a good and a pleasant thing to see." The studies are the
Bible and Bible history, pastoral theology and composition. In
cultivating better understanding and kindly relations between these
colored and white neighbors, and the relations of the school with
both, as well as in helping meet the great need of an intelligent
ministry, this pastor's class is doing important work. Some of its
members board at the school, working their way in part like the other
students, sometimes entering their classes. Some are helped to come
by their congregations, who appreciate the opportunity.

A handsome gold medal, presented by Mr. W. J. Demorest, of New York
City, was awarded to Harris Barrett, of the senior class, for
excellence in the junior elementary studies, the three R's,
geography, grammar and spelling, in which the whole class were
examined for the prize without special review, only one falling below
an average of 50 per cent. on all, and five averaging above 90--a
better showing than some Northern college seniors could make, I fear.

As usual, some of the school's former graduates returned to tell the
story of their labors, and nearly fifty were present on the
invitation yearly renewed to all.

The valedictorian was the youngest of a family of one sister and four
brothers, children of a minister, who have graduated at the school,
the last two with the honor of the valedictory.

The Indian graduates were represented by two of their number, a young
man of the Sac and Fox tribe, Indian Territory, who gave his own
reasons for claiming and desiring citizenship for his people, which
were: 1st, that the Indian also is a child of the Father; 2d, that
he was once owner of the land; 3d, that without this protection and
help he must perish; 4th, that with it he can become a useful member
of the nation, a man among men. An Indian girl plead eloquently for
the Indian woman, and protested against the use of "savage" as a
synonym of Indian, since "there are also yellow savages, black
savages and white savages." The representations of the past, present
and future of Indian life will not soon be forgotten by those who saw
them. The past's barbaric glories were typified by a tall young brave
and Indian girl in the beautiful dress of the wilderness. They stood
silent, like a vision of the ancient days, while their story was
told. The present's pathos was represented by "_Lo_" the _very_ "poor
Indian" and squaw in shabby blankets, bewailing--as their Indian
interpreter explained--the loss of lands and buffalo, asking where to
go next--"white man everywhere"; the future's hope by a promising
pair of Hampton students, able to speak for themselves, work for
themselves and teach their people, with their white brethren's help,
in the Christian's road. As the three groups stood in striking
tableau--a visible embodiment of truth which I wish every white
citizen of the United States could have seen and taken to
heart--their comrades of the Indian school rose behind them, and
started a Dakota hymn, recognized by the melody as "From Greenland's
Icy Mountains," or, as interpreted to Indian understanding, "From the
very distant cold land--from the hot land far away." As the plaintive
strain died away, it was taken up in English in the richer chorus of
their colored schoolmates, and the whole audience, rising, joined in
the grand third verse, "_Shall we whose souls are lighted_," with
effect not to pass from their hearts.

Diplomas were presented by Rev. Dr. Strieby, vice-president of the
Board of Trustees, to the graduating class of seventeen colored and
three Indian young women, and twenty colored and two Indian young
men, 42 in all. Eloquent addresses were made also by Rev Dr. McVickar
of Philadelphia, and Rev. Dr. Armstrong of Norfolk, imprisoned once
by General Butler because he would pray for Jefferson Davis, but now
thanking God for the new order, and rejoicing in Negro education.

       *       *       *       *       *


The year at Gregory Institute, as usual, has been a busy one, both in
school and out. As a worthy colored member of our church expressed
it, "We are tormented with Christian work at Wilmington." We have had
this year a total enrollment of 284 pupils, and the percentage of
attendance has never been greater. The pupils have, as a rule, worked
well, and in many cases the progress has been very marked. While we
are not completely satisfied with the results, yet there has been
very much to encourage our labors. The Lord has been merciful in
keeping the workers in good health, and there has been no death and
but few cases of sickness among the pupils.

The last week was taken up with examinations, both oral and written,
and in perfecting arrangements for the anxiously looked-for event
among our people, the closing exhibition.

Such a clamoring for tickets one never heard. Of course, not
one-fourth asked for could be issued, for lack of room; but, as far
as possible, the parents were admitted. Although a thunder-storm,
lasting about an hour, came up just as the doors were opened, the
people continued to pour in until the hall was as full as an egg,
upwards of 500 finding seats.

The programme, which was a long and varied one, was carried out
without any drawback whatever, thanks to the untiring efforts of the
teachers and of Mr. and Mrs. Dodge, who all planned so well to make
it a success. For three and one-half hours the audience gave the
closest attention, and the comments since have been very flattering.
Several, including some Northerners, have declared it to be the best
exhibition they ever attended.

It would tire you to read the entire programme, so I will mention and
describe briefly only a few of the pieces, though all were as
creditably rendered as if it were a white school, with the singing
perhaps better. The pupils, without exception, acquitted themselves
nobly, and their neat appearance was worthy of special mention.

You would have been pleasantly entertained had you witnessed the
Missionary Colloquy, in which 20 girls, some taken from each
department of the school, took part. First came a girl bearing the
American flag and representing America, who spoke, and was then
followed by another girl with a Bible, representing Christianity.
Next came singly nine girls in costume, each to represent a heathen
nation, and making an earnest plea for the Gospel. Then followed a
band of nine little American missionary workers, each stepping to the
front and telling how she had earned her money which she was about to
give to the noble cause. After dropping her gift in a basket held by
"America," she repeated these words: "O happy, happy child am I, to
serve the Lord of earth and sky;" then taking her place, another came
forward in the same way until all had spoken. "America" now hands her
basket, with its treasure, to Christianity, whom she addresses; then
both turn and address the heathen in concert. In the time, missionary
hymns were sweetly sung by the girls, and the piece, as presented,
was one of the finest I ever saw.

The doll drill was another interesting part of the evening's
entertainment. The little primary girls went through the different
evolutions with almost military precision, eliciting rounds of

So I might name many pieces of almost equal interest, but suffice it
for me to mention further only the closing. This was "The Cross and
Crown," consisting of tableaux and recitations taken mostly from "The
Cross-Bearer." The time occupied in this was fully 45 minutes; and
although the hour was so late, our audience did not fail to
appreciate this beautiful piece. Several of the older people being
asked which piece they liked best, replied, "I believe I liked the
one with the angel best."

A very important part of the evening's work must not be omitted from
mention. This was the presentation of certificates to the graduating
class on the completion of the Elementary Normal Course ending with
the 10th year or grade. The members of this class, one young man and
two young ladies, have been reared up in our school, and would be a
credit to any school. This is the first graduation from the course;
and although the class is small, it has incited others to say, "I
mean to stick to the school until I can stand where they did."

We think the entertainment was filled with sermons, and we trust that
the influence produced may be all for good.


       *       *       *       *       *


The second Sabbath in May was a notable day with our college church
at Talladega. It was a feast of ingathering.

As early as eight o'clock a band of young men assembled on the banks
of Talladega Creek, that three of their number might be immersed. It
was a lovely spring morning, and the green banks, the running waters,
the sweet air, the bright sunshine, the hymns, the prayers, the
remarks of the pastor, and the Sacrament itself (administered by Rev.
Spencer Snell, the pastor having had a congestive chill the preceding
week, and being forbidden to go into the water) were full of
solemnity and sweet instruction.

Two hours later we met again in the college chapel. One of the most
pressing needs of this church is a house of worship. There has not
been, rain or shine, since I came here, a Sabbath congregation that
was not too large for our chapel. Growth is impossible. How it will
be during the college vacation, I cannot say; but during this college
year it has always been uncomfortably crowded, and every Sabbath has
overflowed up on to the platform. This morning all seats were filled
and extra benches occupied. The Lord's table was spread for His
people, and after a sermon from the text, "How can this man give us
his flesh to eat?" forty were received into the fellowship of the
church and welcomed to the table. Of these, thirty were baptized by
sprinkling. To those acquainted with the ways and prejudices of these
people, the fact that we sprinkled thirty, while we immersed only
three (these three were mature men), will be full of significance.
None others asked to be immersed, or suggested it.

This addition to our church embraced about one-third of the number
professing conversion during our recent series of meetings, conducted
by Brother Field. Others will come to us, but many who are students
here will join the churches at their homes. The success of those
meetings, reaching as they did every student in the college
buildings, with a single exception, was so notable that a word as to
the manner in which they were conducted may be of interest.

The beginning of the extra meetings was providentially postponed more
than once. They did not begin with the coming of the new pastor in
the fall, nor with the week of prayer, nor with the day of prayer for
colleges. These occasions were all used, but our extra meetings did
not begin until the desire for them and the feeling of our great need
of the Divine blessing had grown strong in the church, nor until they
had been talked and prayed over, prepared and planned for.

The meetings were held for a special purpose. They were for the
salvation of the students of the College. Students and church
members, teachers, professors, president and pastor--we all felt this
truth. But when every member of the College who felt that he was not
a Christian, was asked to write his or her name on a slip of paper,
and put it into the contribution basket at the chapel door when
coming into the first meeting--and lest any should fail, from any
cause, to give us his own name, every student was asked to furnish
the name of any unsaved fellow-student of whom he knew--the real
object sought in the meetings was brought home to every member of the
College and Church. When we had the list of names (with hardly an
exception they furnished their own names), we were vividly reminded
of the individuals for whom we were working and praying, and they
knew, every one, that we were definitely working and praying for
them. This gave a feeling of practical, concentrated work, such as
seldom attends such meetings.

Excepting this, there were no unusual means employed. The truth was
very earnestly and simply preached. Immediate decision for Christ was
pressed. Personal efforts were conscientiously made by teachers and
students. Little prayer meetings, where from two to a dozen met for
special prayer, were frequent, and the Lord blessed all the means

Since the close of the protracted meeting, each Sabbath-school class
has had its own weekly prayer meeting--a means of great good. Also a
general young Christians' prayer meeting has been held weekly. In it
effort has been made, not only to lead these new converts to take
part in prayer and conference, but to instruct them upon some points
too often neglected. Those who on this day united with the church
could each, I think, give an intelligent statement of reasons why
they should unite with the church; and, in so uniting, why they gave
public assent to a confession of faith, and why they joined in
covenant with God and his people.


       *       *       *       *       *


Marked revivals have been in progress in all the colored churches of
the city. With all the noise and superstition, we cannot doubt that
there are not a few genuine conversions. And yet, while our students
attend these meetings only to a limited extent, the influence upon
them tends to interfere with our religious work.

Last week it was my privilege to attend the meeting of the North
Texas Association, held at Cleburne. Tillotson church, on
application, was cordially admitted to membership. The same
cordiality and courtesy were extended to Brother McLean, late of
Talladega College, who applied for membership in his own behalf. Rev.
J. W. Roberts, representing the colored church of Dallas, was also
present. The dignified, scholarly bearing of both these brethren won
for them golden opinions from all who listened to their reports and
remarks. Not a few of those who were present at the various sessions
were Southerners, but apparently none the less interested on that
account. It was my fortune to be entertained by an ex-slaveholder,
who served in the Confederate army through the war, but who
nevertheless is a warm friend of the Congregational church in his
town, and contributes to its support.

The moderator and scribe of the association, seated side by side
through the meetings, presented a striking contrast. The first was a
business man, born in New England, quick, keen, decisive and
energetic, an officer in the Union army through the war, since that
time engaged in business in Texas, now the possessor of a large
fortune, and thoroughly identified with, and enthusiastic concerning,
the material and spiritual interests of his adopted State.

The second was the pastor of the leading Congregational Church of the
State, born in the South, educated for the law, a soldier in the
Confederate army, for a time almost a wreck morally and physically,
but now, by the grace of God, "clothed and in his right mind,"
dignified, magnetic, an earnest, reverent student of the Bible, an
able preacher and a beloved pastor.

Thus, with representatives of the North and the South, the East and
the West, the white race and the black, America, Sweden and Ireland,
we had at least one marked feature of the Pentecost. But aside from
that, the manifest presence of the Spirit, and the consequent harmony
and good-fellowship, rendered our meeting in a still more important
degree like that season which was the beginning of such a wonderful
regeneration in the history of the world. It may be accepted, I doubt
not, as one of the signs of the regeneration that is going on in the
South, which is less wonderful only in the fact of being local rather
than world-wide.

       *       *       *       *       *


We held a series of revival meetings at South Williamsburgh, in the
old commissary building. Wish some of the good people of the North,
who meet in churches and chapels, plastered and nicely warmed, and
comfortably seated, could have dropped in upon us and spent an hour.
Of course, they would have had the back-ache and cold feet, and,
perhaps, carried away a flea or two, even in March, but they would
have gone home saying, "If people can meet in such a place, some
refined, intelligent ladies even, and continue to go night after
night, I ought to be very, very willing to go to my church whenever
the Lord calls a meeting and my presence and voice are necessary."
But that you may appreciate the contrast with your pleasant place of
meeting, let me take you to the old commissary building.

It's a _box-house_; that is, it's made of boards set upright and
nailed at the bottom and middle and top to joists. Over this crazy
structure sets a roof made of long oaken shingles hewn with the broad
axe. Step inside of the building, which will hold 125 people, and see
the whole construction. Rough boards with the curve of the circular
saw on them and now dingy with smoke, make the sides; oaken shingles
black with smoke, slope above.

A "cannon stove" sends most of its smoke through a rusty pipe up
through a piece of sheet iron to the air. The sparks, and now and
then a star, shine through about the pipe. Newspapers pasted over the
widest cracks on the sides of the room keep out the heaviest drafts.
I remember one night when it was snowing (even here, in March), a
flurry of wind brought down a glistening shower on the shoulders of
the congregation. The roof usually turns water, however.

Please stand here by the door and talk to the people. Feet get cold?
I don't wonder. The door was made an inch and a half too short. You
ask "why in the name of health don't you fix it?" Well, just sit
there against the wall. You sit down, and a projecting horizontal
joist takes you right in the back of the neck and makes you crane
your head forward in a most uncomfortable way. Poor place to get
asleep; one would pitch right forward on the floor. You see, if we
commenced to "fix up," we wouldn't know where to begin, for one lack
is as great as another. One night we held a meeting in that building,
and before morning the thermometer fell to zero. We need a good
stove; that one is full of cracks in front, so we always left a boy
to watch after meeting till the fire died out. We just make the house
do; strips have been laid on the floor, paper pasted over the wall
gaps, seats of rough boards set in the building, windows tightened,
and there we gathered. God's Spirit met us in spite of cold and
dinginess and needs. I believe ten or twelve rose for prayers during
those two weeks. Since warm weather Brother Myers has continued the
meetings, and I trust a score or more have given their hearts to the


       *       *       *       *       *


  TALLADEGA COLLEGE, Talladega, Ala., April, 1885.

It is wonderful to notice how many and what interesting changes may
take place during the few years of one's life. The first eleven years
of my life I spent as a slave, but I have lived to see these glorious
days of freedom. I was born upon my master's plantation in Monroe
County, Ala., where I lived till 1865, when I was set at liberty with
the rest of my unfortunate brethren.

While living upon that plantation I saw many of the horrors of
slavery with my own eyes. One of the mean and degrading things I
remember was the way the slaves had to live, crowded together in one
house. There were three or four different families, consisting of
twelve or fifteen persons, all living in the same room. There was
only one house for colored people, and it had only one room.

Although my master did not have so many slaves and was not so mean as
some other slave-holders about him, still, the treatment which his
slaves received was shockingly cruel. I remember very distinctly the
paddling block, the paddle, and the great whip used upon that place.
There comes very vividly before my mind the whipping of a hired man.
I know just how every rag of clothes was taken off, and how he was
tied down in the front yard between the gate and the house, so that
he could not move hand or foot, and how the master would whip him a
while and walk about and smoke his pipe a while, as the poor hired
slave lay upon the ground and cried for mercy, but there was none to
help him.

Whenever my thoughts go back to those dark days, I recollect the time
when my own brother ran away because he was not willing to take the
whipping which the master wanted to give him late one afternoon. I
think of how the bloodhounds came, and how they chased him, while
mother, brothers, and fellow-slaves stood trembling, and how glad all
were when we learned that the dogs could not catch him.

If I could forget all other heart-rending scenes of those dark days,
I could not erase from my memory the cruel treatment which I saw my
own mother receive. Though I was small, I think of how I used to see
her work hard, and how she was scolded and cursed as she was driven
about like a dog. I saw her laid upon that paddling-block, and I
heard her distressing cries, but, like the rest of her children, I
could do nothing.

I love to contrast my present condition with what it was a few years
ago, and as I do so I do not forget the A. M. A., whose workers found
me in the lowest depths of ignorance and helped me up. When
liberated, soon after the surrender, I could not read a word and did
not know a letter. I do not remember that I had ever seen the inside
of a book of any kind. It was in 1867 that I learnt the alphabet upon
the plantation by the light of pine knots. During the years 1868 and
1869 I was a rag-picker in the streets of Mobile. God has led me on,
and now I am a student in Talladega College, and expect soon to have
finished a course of study which will enable me to go forth to lead
men to Christ and to teach them better methods of living. I speak of
this contrast not boastfully, but humbly and with deep gratitude to
God, who took me from the woes and degradation of slavery and has
given me a double freedom. I am so glad for the schools the A. M. A.
has in the South; I am so glad for what they have done for me.
Through one of these schools I was led to Christ. Soon after that I
felt called to the ministry; and in Talladega College I am permitted
to finish a course of study, and to some degree equip myself for the
work of life. All praise to an organization that seeks for poor,
ignorant and sinful men, leads them to Christ, instructs them, and
then sends them out to bless the world.


       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *


Another veteran teacher of the A. M. A. has been called home to her
rest. On the morning of May 7, at her home in St. Albans, Vt., Mrs.
H. M. Stevens, known to A. M. A. workers as Miss E. M. Barnes, of
Bakersfield, Vt., fell asleep after a severe and painful sickness of
several mouths.

Miss Barnes entered the service of the Association in 1865 and left
it in 1882, to minister to her devoted friend and fellow laborer,
Miss Sarah A. G. Stevens, in her last sickness. When released from
this service of love her own health prevented her return to the
Southern work. Her first year was spent at Arlington, Va. She spent
six years in the Lewis High School, Macon, Ga., four years in the Le
Moyne Institute, Memphis, Tenn., and her last six in Fisk
University--seventeen years of devoted, earnest and fruitful labor in
behalf of the colored youth in the South.

Since leaving the South her life has been a pleasant and useful one
as Mrs. Stevens, the wife of a devoted husband and an earnest and
zealous Christian woman in the city and the church where her lot was
cast. The testimony to her nobility and earnestness of character was
manifested in signal ways by the church and people during her
sickness, and she has evidently left behind a precious memory of her
short life in St. Albans. I have before me a letter written to a
teacher in Fisk University less than three weeks before her death,
and it will interest her friends to learn how the years of her life
which she spent in the work of giving help to the struggling colored
youth of the South looked to her as she lay upon her dying bed in her
pleasant home surrounded by the friends that loved her so well.

She wrote: "I thank the Lord for the years He gave me in that
Southern land. Those seventeen years were the hardest, happiest and
most satisfying of my life. I have ever thanked God for giving me a
place among that noble band of workers. I have arranged to establish
a permanent scholarship at Fisk, so that my influence will still live
there after I am gone. I loved the work there more than any other I
have ever done. In all my weakness I am resting in the Everlasting
Arms, and find there strength sufficient to support, trusting
entirely to the blood that cleanseth from all sin and saves unto the

The news of Mrs. Stevens' death was telegraphed to Fisk University,
and on the Sunday night following, an impressive memorial service was
held in the chapel of Livingstone Hall. The story of her life and
labors, as told by those who knew her well, produced a deep
impression upon the students, and will bear in their lives fruit in
greater consecration and the spirit of self-sacrifice. The testimony
borne by several of the young men who were about to graduate, and one
who had already graduated, to the influence exerted on their lives
and character by Mrs. Stevens was the highest tribute that could have
been paid to the gentleness, nobility and spirituality of her
character. To her counsel, encouragement and sympathy they felt they
were indebted for their best inspiration. Her influence lives in the
world, and will continue to increase through the lives and labors of
others whom she led to the feet of their Lord, and to consecration to
the uplifting of their race. May the spirit of Mrs. Stevens continue
to be the spirit of those who represent the A. M. A. in its work for
the uplifting of a depressed but struggling race!


       *       *       *       *       *


Died, at Talladega, Ala., May 25, 1885, Miss O. E. Goodridge, of
Saratoga Springs, N. Y.

Miss Goodridge was born in St. Lawrence County, N. Y., of a godly and
New England ancestry. She became a Christian in her earliest years
and joined the church when but a child. From the beginning she was
instructed in the Scriptures, which can make wise unto salvation, and
her nature, less rugged than that of some, was well perfected by
grace. Seeking usefulness in needy fields, she offered herself to the
A. M. A., and last year began her work in Talladega, where she proved
herself a devoted and successful teacher, a woman of great refinement
and goodness, and a faithful servant of Christ. Herself a disciple
sitting at Jesus' feet, she never forgot her Master in her teaching,
while her unconscious influence was powerful for good. Her illness
was but of a few days' duration, nor was it considered fatal until
within a few hours of the end. Winning in person and of rare beauty
of character, she has greatly endeared herself to her associates and
to all who knew her. Though death came suddenly it did not find her
unprepared. Her hope was in Christ, and her end was a peaceful
falling asleep.


       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *


We are glad to report a movement in favor of State organizations for
woman's work in our own country in co-operation with the Am. Home
Miss. Soc., the Am. Miss. Assoc., the New West Ed. Com., etc. At a
special meeting called at Saratoga on June 4, action was taken by the
representatives of the several Woman's Missionary Societies,
advocating the formation of State societies, whose object should be
to co-operate with the established societies of the Congregational
order, in raising funds and increasing intelligence respecting
missionary work in this country.

       *       *       *       *       *

Two years ago the ladies of Vermont pledged the support of one
teacher at McIntosh, Ga., but increased their contributions until
they assumed the entire support of the school. A year ago they
undertook the expense of an addition to the school building, to be
called the "Vermont School." In connection with the State
Association, at Bellows Falls, a ladies' meeting was held on
Wednesday morning, June 10, in behalf of the American Missionary
Association, addressed by their teacher, Miss Plimpton, and by Miss
Emerson, Secretary of the Woman's Bureau. The following report was
submitted by the State Committee:

     The committee re-appointed by the convention held at St. Albans
     last June, to raise money for the school for the freedmen in
     McIntosh, Ga., desires to present the following report for the

     FOR THE YEAR ENDING MAY 31, 1885.

     Total contributions                                  $848.86
     Expenses of postage and printing                       11.16

     Remitted to H. W. Hubbard                             837.70
     Add balance on hand May, 1884                         259.28
       Total                                            $1,096.98

     Estimated expense of school this year      $856.00
     To apply on new building                    240.98
                                               -------- $1,096.98

Acknowledgment was also made for barrels and boxes of clothing,
papers, books, toys and materials for sewing school, with money sent
to pay freight. Additional contributions are expected before Sept.
30, to apply on the new school building.

       *       *       *       *       *

At the recent meeting of the State Association of Illinois, held in
Rockford, the ladies organized the "Illinois Home Miss. Union." The
constitution adopted embraces all home causes as embodied in the
following form:

     ARTICLE 1. This Society shall be called the Woman's Home
     Missionary Union of the State of ----. Its object shall be to
     promote missionary and evangelistic work in all parts of our
     land by forming auxiliaries in the churches of the State, and
     through them collecting money for the various existing societies
     of the Congregational order.

       *       *       *       *       *


At a little junction in Wisconsin, a score of passengers alighting
from a train were told that the one they wished to take was four
hours behind time. A big washout had swept away a bridge or
embankment. There were a few exclamations of dismay and impatience,
as that four hours delay meant the losing of other connections, the
failure of many plans and appointments. It was a cold, rainy day,
with a raw, penetrating east wind that speedily drove them all into
the close, dismal waiting room. One woman, taking writing materials
from a satchel, which she contrived to use for a desk, became utterly
oblivious to everything as her pencil flew over the letter that would
carry comfort and cheer to a far-off loved one. Suddenly she became
conscious that a score of people were sitting in complete silence
around her, with not a book or paper to read, looking as forlorn and
miserable as possible. Laying aside her writing, she said, "My
husband and I are missionaries among the colored people in Alabama. I
am now on my way back to the work. Perhaps you might be interested to
hear something about it, and if you care to ask any questions, I will
be very happy to answer them."

An old lady sitting near, bounced up in a great rage. "_I_ don't want
to hear a _word_ about the niggers." The rest of her muttered
exclamations were lost as she rushed out, slamming the door behind

The missionary began to tell them about the climate, the tropical
luxuriance of fruit and flowers, and of the great cotton fields. By
that time questions began to pour in thick and fast, and in less than
five minutes she had an eager audience listening to every word. She
went on to tell of the condition of the colored people at the close
of the war; ignorant, utterly destitute, with no more knowledge than
a baby of how to shift for themselves; of the hard struggle it had
been and still was for many of them to live; of the miserable
pittance they generally received for their labor; of their home life,
their peculiarities, and other things of interest.

About that time the irate woman, unable longer to endure the
discomfort of the weather outside, came quietly in, looking rather
disgusted at the prospect of being obliged, after all, to hear
something about "the niggers."

The recital of some special incidents of peculiar trial and hardship
which had come under the missionary's own observation brought tears
of sympathy to many eyes; but best of all was the sudden conversion
of our wrathful woman, who exclaimed: "I declare that's too bad! What
makes them stand it? Why don't they all come North, where they could
have a fair chance?" As she was told "the reason why," she grew full
of sympathy and interest, and was even more eager than the others in
suggestions and inquiries. But when they were told of what had
already been done by the American Missionary Association and others
toward establishing and maintaining schools and churches among them,
of the devoted missionaries and teachers that had carried already so
much of comfort and help into their sad lives, of the steady upward
progress they were making in knowledge and intelligence, in the
acquirement of homes and ability to care for themselves, all seemed
to appreciate as never before the importance of the work that is
being done in the South.

The distant whistle of the train surprised them all, and as they
crowded about the missionary to take her hand and bid her God speed
in her blessed work, one woman said: "I used to give pennies to the
work of the A. M. A., but they shall be dollars now."

  MRS. A. W. C.

       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *



Little Ida had been invited to attend a party made by white children
at the school house. To her mother's mind the question of her going
turned on her having a scarlet sash to wear. By the kindness of a
child in the family where Ida and her mother, who figures in our
story as "Aunt Chloe," had their home, the want was finally met.

Now for the story of the scarlet sash, after it became Ida's
property. She wore it to the party, where she laughed and sang, and
played games, and looked like a poppy among the roses. She behaved
very politely, too, like a well-trained child whose mother had lived
in the "fust families."

After that, she wore it in church and to Sunday-school. It looped
itself beautifully over her best, brown striped dress, and gave her
the sense of being equal in appearance with the other children.

Miss Raymond, her teacher, told me that Ida really seemed to
understand the lesson better, and to take more interest in reciting
her golden text, after she came into possession of her precious sash.
It was so thick and soft and rich; it felt so nice to the little
black fingers, which every now and then stroked it lovingly. I am
sure the sash was a means of grace to Ida.

Children who have everything they want, who are clothed in purple and
fine linen every day, cannot imagine how much delight a poor child
sometimes takes in an innocent bit of finery.

Now, I want to tell you what became of the sash at last.

One day the superintendent at the Sunday-school asked the children to
come to order, because a lady was about to talk to them.

The lady was a missionary; her work had been somewhere a great way
off, among people who had hardly any money, and had a great deal of
trouble to get bread and meat. Their minister, the lady said, had to
live in a house dug right out of the side of a hill. She had lived in
such a little bit of a house herself for a great many weeks. Poor as
these people were, they had built a little church, and were trying
very hard to pay for it. They had not any singing-books nor Bibles
for their Sunday-school, nor any library-books; but the children
thought nothing of walking five miles or more to go to Sunday-school.

What would the children here in this lovely room give for those
children in the far, far West?

It happened that Ida's teacher had lately talked to her class about
the meanness of giving to the Lord that which it cost them nothing to
give. So when the collection-box was passed around, they dropped in
their pennies and silver-pieces, and those who had nothing with them
were told to bring their share on the next Sunday. And some of them
began to plan their little sacrifices.

Ida's dusky face was a study. Once or twice she paused, irresolute.
At last, when school was over, she whispered;

"Teacher, may I stay a moment?"

"Yes, dear," said Miss Raymond.

When the two were by themselves in the little half-circle where their
class usually sat, Ida, with trembling hands, untied the beloved
sash, and, laying it on her teacher's lap, said, "Please, Miss
Raymond, this is the prettiest thing I've got, and I want to send it
to the children who haven't any Bibles."

"But the sash will do them no good, Ida."

"The worf of it will," replied the child; "and it's worf free
dollars, any way; mammy said so."

Ida stooped down and kissed it; it was not giving what cost her
nothing to part with her treasured ribbon.

Mass Raymond took it with a tender look, rolled it up and carried it

One evening, in her parlor, she told its story to a party of young
people, and then remarked: "The sash ought to bring more than three
dollars, when that little black girl gave it up so cheerfully."

In a few moments there lay a little pile of silver and paper on the
centre table, and Ida's sash had brought eight dollars for the good
cause. Before the week was over it had gone from hand to hand, and
the eight dollars became twenty without much difficulty.

Fanny said she thought we ought to send the sash back to Ida, or give
her another one; but no, that would have taken the sweetness from her

She came to school without her ribbon, having been scolded by Aunt
Chloe, who could not understand her action, and thought it great
folly; but all winter long there was a brave light in Ida's dark
face, and a contented expression in her eyes. She had given the
scarlet sash for Christ's sake, and he had blessed her deed, and
owned her as one of his little ones. Happy Ida!


       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *

MAINE, $278.87.

  Augusta. Mrs. Skeeles' S. S. Class, _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                           $1.00
  Bangor. Central Cong. Ch. and Soc., 75; First Cong.
    Ch., 20.32                                              95.32
  Bath. Central Ch. and Soc.                                40.00
  Bethel. First Cong. Ch.                                    4.55
  Hallowell. Mrs. H. K. Baker                                5.00
  Limington. "A. B."                                         2.00
  North Bridgeton. Miss Proctor's Sch., _for Wilmington,
    N. C._                                                   1.00
  Norway. Ladies, bbl. of C., _for Wilmington, N. C._
  Saint Albans. Mrs. W. S. Sewall and family                 1.50
  Skowhegan. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., by A. L. Colby, Treas.     8.00
  South Berwick. Mrs. Hodgkins' S. S. Class, _for Student
    Aid, Talladega C._                                      14.00
  South Paris. Cong. Ch.                                     6.50
  Union. Cong Ch., 4; Ladies' Soc., 4                        8.00
  Waterford. Centre Ch. Sab. Sch.                           10.00
  By Mrs. J. P. Hubbard, Treas. Woman's Aux., _for
    Missionary, Selma, Ala._ Albany, Mrs. Lovejoy,
    3.--Bridgeton, Miss Hale, 1.--Casco, Mrs. Mayberry,
    1.--Denmark, Ch., by Miss Davis, 2.--Orland, Ch., by
    Miss Buck, 23.--Portland, State St. Ch., 50; Rev. S.
    Longfellow, 2                                           82.00


  Bath. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                  10.61
  Bedford. Cong. Ch., bbl. Bedding, etc., _for Talladega
  Canterbury. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                            11.25
  East Derry. Mrs. M. G. Pigeon, _for Missionary, Austin,
    Tex._                                                   20.00
  Franklin. Mrs. R. C. Andrews, _for Indian M._              5.00
  London. K. S. Price                                        5.00
  Milford. Peter and Cynthia S. Burns                       30.00
  Portsmouth. North Ch. and Soc.                           105.04
  Winchester. Cong. Sab. Sch.                               15.70

VERMONT, $537.36.

  Bakersfield. By Mrs. J. A. Perkins, _for Missionary,
    McIntosh, Ga._                                           5.75
  Brattleborough. E. Crosby & Co., _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                           25.00
  Corinth. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                               31.00
  Cornwall. Sab. Sch. of First Cong. Ch.                    17.61
  Fair Haven. First Cong. Ch.                               19.85
  Granby. Mrs. Nancy Appleton                                5.00
  Hyde Park. Second Cong. Ch. and Soc.                      15.00
  Manchester. "A Friend"                                     5.00
  Manchester. Mrs. A. C. Reed, pkg. C., 1.25 _Freight,
    for Atlanta U._                                          1.25
  Middlebury. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                            60.44
  Newbury. Ladies of Cong. Ch., bbl. Bedding, etc., 1.70
    _Freight, for Atlanta U._                                1.70
  New Haven. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                             20.66
  Plymouth. Coll. at Furnace                                  .69
  Quechee. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                               26.05
  Townshend. Cong. Ch., bal. to const. MRS. C. C. TAFT
    L. M.                                                   25.76
  Vergennes. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                             25.00
  Windsor. Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. MRS. D. L. RAY
    L. M.                                                   30.00
  Ladies of Vermont, by Mrs. Henry Fairbanks, _for
    McIntosh, Ga._, Benson, 10.--Bethel (5 of which for
    building fund), 10.75--Bridport, 33.--Braintree,
    5.--Charlotte, 30.25--East Hardwick (3 of which from
    Young Ladies' Aid Soc.), 10.25--Fairlee, 11.--Franklin,
    5.40.--New Haven, 25.06.--Newport, ad'l, 1.16.--North
    Troy, 1.--Quechee, 1.--Saint Albans, 15.--Saint
    Johnsbury, ad'l, 2.54.--Sharon, 10.--Swanton,
    15.25.--West Rutland, 16.10.--Total, 202.76 (less
    11.16 expenses)                                        191.60


  Alford and West Stockbridge Centre, Cong Ch's.             2.93
  Amesbury. Cong. Ch.                                        9.00
  Amherst. Miss M. H. Scott, bbl. of C., _for Tougaloo U._
  Andover. Free Christian Church, 100, to const. MRS.
    FARNUM L. M's; Chapel, Ch. and Soc., 81                181.00
  Athol. Evangelical Ch.                                    75.00

  Boston. Shawmut Cong. Ch., 539.14; Union Ch. and
    Soc., 107.32; Park Street Ch. and Soc., ad'l, 10;
    "Friend," _for Indian M._, 10; Mrs. E. P Eayrs,
    5--Cambridgeport. Pilgrim Ch. Sab. Sch., _for
    Student Aid, Straight U._, 50--Charlestown.
    Winthrop Ch. and Soc., 72.74--Chelsea. Woman's
    Union Home M. Band, _for Missionary,
    Chattanooga, Tenn._, 60--Dorchester. Sab. Sch.
    Class, Second Ch., _for Indian M., Dakota_, 1.58;
    Mrs. E. J. W. Baker, _for Student Aid, Fisk U._,
    50--Roxbury. Eliot Ch. and Soc.,
    75.51--Somerville. Winter Hill Ch. and Soc., 20;
    Henry Howard, 20; Broadway Ch. and Soc., 17.41;
    M. P. Elliott, _Freight_, 2                          1,040.70

  Bernardston. Miss M. L. Newcomb, 60.00, _for
    Student Aid, Talladega C._; 20.00, _for Share_          80.00
  Danvers Centre. Missionary Soc., Box S. S
    Supplies, _for Williamsburg, Ky._
  Dedham. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                         160.71
  East Bridgewater. Union Ch.                               32.23
  East Bridgewater. Union Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                           25.00
  Everett. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                4.86
  Fall River. Pastoral Aid Soc. of Central Cong. Ch.,
    _for Student Aid, Talladega, C._                        10.00
  Gardner. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                         25.00
  Georgetown, First Cong Ch. and Soc.                       46.84
  Gloucester. Evan. Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. ELLIS
    P. HARLOW L. M.                                         30.00
  Hardwick. First Calvinistic Ch. and Soc.                   5.00
  Harvard. Evan. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Share_               20.00
  Haverhill. D. Crowell's Bible Class, Centre Cong. Ch.,
    _for Student Aid, Fisk U._                              30.00
  Hinsdale. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              61.10
  Holliston. Primary Class, Cong. Sab. Sch., 6; Clothing,
    val. 1, _for Student Aid, Talladega C._                  6.00
  Hyde Park. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                       19.00
  Lakeville. Precinct Ch.                                   53.00
  Lee. Cong. Sab. Sch.                                      75.00
  Littleton. "Friends," for Atlanta U.                      10.00
  Malden. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          52.96
  Medway. Mrs. Geo. M. Richardson, _for Wilmington,
    N. C., Freight_                                          1.00
  Montague. First Cong. Ch.                                 16.00
  New Bedford. First Cong. Ch.                              52.00
  Newburyport. Belleville Ch. and Soc., 77.30, to const.
    North Ch., 68.65                                       145.95
  Newton. Ladies' Freedmen's Aid Soc., _for Share_          20.00
  Newton. Miss Annie Boyden, 2 bbls. of C., etc., _for
    Macon, Ga._
  Newton Centre. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                   74.10
  Northampton. First Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid,
    Fisk U._                                                52.38
  Northampton. "A Friend," 50; Cong. Ch., 25                75.00
  Northampton. Ladies' Benev. Soc., _for Share_             20.00
  Northampton. Miss J. B. Kingsley, _for Indian M._          1.00
  North Hadley. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                           4.50
  North Weymouth. Pilgrim Ch. and Soc.                      15.33
  Oxford. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          41.29
  Rehoboth. Cong. Ch.                                       20.00
  Rutland. Cong. Ch.                                         5.15
  Salem. Tabernacle Ch and Soc.                            320.81
  Salem. Crombie St. Sab. Sch., _for Talladega C._          10.00
  Saugus. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                 2.00
  Shelburne Falls. Mrs. J. A. Richmond                       2.00
  South Framingham. South Cong. Ch.                         87.30
  South Weymouth. Second Cong. Ch. and Soc.                 47.00
  Spencer. Mrs. G. P. Ladd's S. S. Class, _for Student
    Aid, Talladega C._                                       3.00
  Springfield. "A Friend"                                    5.00
  Topsfield. Mrs. Ephraim Perkins                            4.00
  Ware. Livingston Band, _for Indian M., Fort Sul'y_        20.00
  Watertown. Friend                                          1.00
  Westborough. Ladies' Freedmen's Mission Soc. _for
    Freight_                                                 2.00
  Westfield. Second Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid,
    Fisk U._                                                50.00
  West Medway. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                            5.45
  Weymouth and Braintree. Union Ch.                         44.26
  Whitinsville. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid, Fisk
    U._                                                     50.00
  Whitinsville. Ladies' Miss'y Circle of Cong. Ch., box
    of C., _for Macon, Ga._; 10 _for Freight_               10.00
  Williamsburg. Ladies' Sew. Soc., _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                           40.00
  Wilmington. Mrs. Noyes, _for Student Aid, Talladega C._   25.00
  Winchendon. North Cong. Ch. and Soc.                      93.55
  Yarmouth. Ladies' Sew. Circle, _for Fisk University
    Freight_                                                 1.50
  ----. "A Friend"                                         100.00
  By Charles Marsh, Treas. Hampden Benev. Ass'n.
    Holyoke, Second, 28.24--Palmer, 20--Springfield.
    Olivet, 35.30; Mrs Edw. Clarke, 5; North Sab.
    Sch., _for Missionary, Tougaloo, Miss._, 25            113.54

    MAINE--Farmington. Ladies' Soc.,
    Bbl.--MASSACHUSETTS--Chelsea. W. H. M Band, bdl.
    Papers--Hyde Park, W. H. M. Soc., bbl., _for
    Jonesboro, Tenn._--Medway, Ladies' B. Soc., bbl.,
    _for Wilmington, N. C._--Newton, Ladies' F. A.
    Soc., bbl., _for Macon, Ga._--Somerville, Matthew
    P. Elliot, pkg. Hats, _for Atlanta U._, Val.
    50--Waquoit. Rev. Joshua Gay, box
    Books--Westborough. Ladies' F. M. Soc.,
    bbl.--Worcester, Ladies' B. U. of Piedmont Ch.,
    bbl., _for Marietta, Ga._, Val. 50--Yarmouth,
    Ladies' Sew. Circle, bbl., _for Fisk U._


  Central Falls. Mrs. Maria E. Edwards, bbl. of Goods,
    2 _Freight_                                              2.00

CONNECTICUT, $1,563.47.

  Abington. Cong. Sab. Sch.                                  2.00
  Ansonia. First Cong. Ch.                                  22.52
  Bethel. "Willing Workers," _for Student Aid, Talladega
    C._                                                     40.00
  Bethel. "Willing Workers," cask of C., etc., _for
    Talladega C._
  Bozrah. Cong Ch.                                           4.00
  Bridgeport. "Cheerful Workers," _for Share_               22.00
  Bridgeport. Nathaniel Wheeler, Wheeler & Wilson Sew.
    Machine, _for Wilmington, N. C._
  Bridgeport. Miss Carrie Wood, box Bedding, etc., _for
    Talladega C._
  Bristol. Mrs. S. T. Smith                                  1.50
  Cheshire. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Conn. Sch. Quitman, Ga._  30.00
  Darien. Young Ladies' Miss'y Soc., _for Share_            10.00
  East Hampton. Dea. Skinner, _for Student Aid, Talladega
    C._                                                      5.00
  Gilead. Cong. Ch.                                         15.60
  Hadlyme. R. E. Hungerford, 50; Cong. Ch., 3.50            53.50
  Hartford. Mrs. Catharine B. Hillyer, 30, to const.
    LUCY TUDOR HILLYER L. M.; Windsor Av. Cong. Sab.
    Sch., 10                                                40.00
  Hartford. Centre Ch., 2 bbls. Bedding and C., _for
    Talladega C._
  Middlefield. Lyman A. Mills                               30.00
  Mount Carmel. Cong. Ch.                                   27.30
  New Britain. South Cong. Ch., to const. CHARLES
    L. M's                                                 192.88
  New Haven. First Ch.                                     204.89
  North Cornwall. Cong. Ch.                                 41.85
  Roxbury. Cong. Ch., 15.65, and Sab. Sch., 15              30.65
  Sherman. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                               20.50
  Thompson. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              17.36
  West Stafford. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          5.00
  Westville. Cong. Ch.                                      19.00
  ----. "A Friend"                                         600.93


  Hartford. Estate of Dr. John R. Lee, by John
    Hooker, Ex.                                            126.99

NEW YORK, $2,499.90.

  Albany. First Cong. Ch., 120.73; Chas. A. Beach, 25      145.73
  Albion. Miss H. M. Woodward, _for Wilmington, N. C._       1.75
  Bergen. First Cong. Ch.                                   12.50
    Brooklyn. Central Cong. Ch., 429.06; Julius
    Davenport, 100; South Cong. Ch., 50; "A Friend"
    30, to const. MISS ELIZABETH CLEVELAND L. M.           609.06
  Chateaugay. Rev. C. C. Torrey                              5.00
  Chittenango. Mrs. Amelia L. Brown                          5.00
  Ellington. Mrs. Anson Crosby                               1.00
  Leroy. Mrs. A. McEwen                                      5.00
  Lima. "A Friend"                                           2.00
  New York. S. T. Gordon, 100; Gen. Clinton B.
    Fisk, 30, to const. Mrs. LURETTA C. STICKEL L. M.      130.00
  New York. Mrs. Wm. E. Dodge, 100; Rev. D. Stuart
    Dodge, 100, _for Atlanta U._                           200.00
  New York. Mrs. H. B. Spelman, _for Student Aid,
    Atlanta U._                                             25.00
  Northville. Cong. Sab. Sch.          12.00
  Perry Centre. Cong. Ch., 30, to const. MRS.
    WILLIAM R. BATHRICK L. M.; R. J. Booth, pkg.
    Papers                                                  30.00
  Rushville. Cong. Ch.                                       4.57
  Rutland. First Cong. Ch.                                   9.69
  Saratoga. Miss F. A. Marvin, _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                            2.00
  Sherburne. Cong. Sab. Sch., 35.37; "Friends," 35,
    _for Student Aid, Talladega C._                         70.37
  Syracuse. Primary Dept. Plym. Sab. Sch., _for Share_      20.00
  Wellsville. First Cong. Ch.                               24.19
  West Bloomfield. Cong. Ch. (50 of which _for Student
    Aid, Fisk U._)                                          81.00


  New York. Estate of Wm. E. Dodge, _for Atlanta U._       100.00
  North Winfield. Estate of Miss E. Jane Alexander,
    by Thomas E. Harrison and Olive E. Harrison, Exs.      500.00
  Norwich. Estate of John Foote (90 of which to
    PECK L. M.'s.), by John Mitchell, Ex.                  504.04

NEW JERSEY, $489.49.

  Arlington. "A Friend."                                     2.00
  Bound Brook. Cong. Ch.                                    11.49
  Maywood. E. K. Breckenridge                               20.00
  Montclair. First Cong. Ch. (30 of which to const.
    REV. JAMES POWELL, D. D., L. M.)                       376.00
  Montclair. Woman's Home Miss'y Soc. of Cong. Ch.,
    _for Missionary, Tougaloo, Miss._                       75.00
  Montclair. Mrs Pratt's S. S. Class, _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                            5.00
  Morristown. Miss Julia Dodge, half bbl. Papers, _for
    Macon, Ga._


  Philadelphia. Central Cong. Ch.                           28.20
  Ridgway. "C. D. O."                                         .50
  Scranton. Miss Sarah E. Hawley                            10.00
  Shoemakertown. Cheltenham Academy, bbl. Boys' C., _for
    Wilmington, N. C._
  West Alexander. Jane C. Davidson                          38.40

OHIO, $1,704.39.

  Andover. Cong. Ch.                                         6.78
  Austinburg. Ladies' Benev. Soc., bbl. of C., _for
    Fisk U._, 1.17 _for Freight_                             1.17
  Cleveland. First Cong. Ch., 11.46; Mrs. Charlotte
    Ruggles, 2                                              13.46
  Cleveland. Ladies' H. M. Soc. of Euclid Av. Cong.
    Ch., _for Missionary, Santee Agency_                    20.00
  Conneaut. Cong. Sab. Sch.                                 10.00
  Elyria. First Cong. Ch. (30 of which to const. E.
    W. METCALF L. M.)                                      500.00
  Four Corners. Cong. Ch.                                    5.58
  Freedom. Cong. Ch., 10; Sab Sch., 5                       15.00
  Hudson. Cong. Ch., adl. _for Straight U._                   .50
  Marietta. Miss M. B. Diamond, pkg. of C., _for Macon,
  New Concord. Wm. Lee, Sen.                                 2.00
  Norwalk and Peru. By Rev. H. Lawrence, box and
    bbl. Bibles, Testaments, etc., _for Talladega C._
  Oberlin. First Cong. Ch.                                  79.10
  Oberlin. First Ch. Sab. Sch., 50 copies "Manual
    of Praise," _for Chapel, Talladega C._
  Paddy's Run. Cong. Ch.                                    23.80
  Wakeman. Cong. Ch.                                        14.00
  West Andover. Cong. Ch.                                   13.00


  Austinburg. Estate of L. B. Austin, by William
    Pulis, Ex.                                           1,000.00

ILLINOIS, $681.09.

  Chicago. Fist Cong. Ch., 100; N. E. Cong. Ch.,
    44.03; South Cong. Ch., 34.83; Y. L. Miss'y Soc.
    of N. E. Cong. Ch., 25.20                              204.06
  Chicago. Union Park Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student
    Aid, Talladega C._                                      50.00
  Cobden. C. C. Wright                                       5.00
  Dundee. Cong. Ch.                                          5.00
  Galena. Mrs. Ann Bean                                      2.00
  Geneseo. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., _for Missionaries_          55.00
  Glencoe. Cong. Ch. of Christ                              50.00
  Hinsdale. Cong. Ch.                                       29.00
  Ivanhoe. Cong. Ch.                                        20.00
  Kewanee. Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Kellogg                        5.00
  La Grange. Cong. Ch.                                       7.00
  Lake Forest. Mrs. W. H. Terry, _for Student Aid,
    Fisk U._                                                50.00
  Lewiston. Mrs. Myron Phelps                               50.00
  Lowell. V. G. Lutz                                         5.00
  Malden. Cong. Ch.                                         13.00
  Marseilles. Ladies of Cong. Ch., _for Missionary_         10.50
  Mendon. Woman's Miss'y Soc., _for Missionary,
    Austin, Tex._                                           21.00
  Neponset. Cong. Ch.                                        6.20
  Oak Park. Mrs. A. Ridell                                   2.00
  Payson. Miss Lizzie Scarborough, _for Missionaries_       10.00
  Peoria. Benev. Soc. of Cong. Ch., box of C., _for
    Talladega C._
  Rockford. A. D. Forbes                                    10.00
  Rosemond. "Busy Bee Soc"                                   1.67
  Seward. Ladies of Cong. Ch. and Sab. Sch., _for
    Missionaries_                                            6.00
  Shirland. Cong. Ch.                                        5.00
  Stillman Valley. Cong. Ch.                                16.66
  Tolono. Mrs. L. Haskell                                   10.00
  Tonica. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid, Fisk U._       17.00
  Winnebago. Cong. Ch., _for Indian M._                     15.00

MICHIGAN, $213.59.

  Calumet. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid, Talladega
    C._                                                     50.00
  Calumet. Ladies' Miss'y Soc., _for Share_                 20.00
  Charlotte. First Cong. Ch.                                15.00
  Grand Rapids. Park Cong. Ch., _for Rev. J. H. H.
    Sengstacke_                                             20.00
  Grass Lake. Union Meeting, _for Straight U._              21.03
  Homestead. Morris Case                                     5.00
  Kalamazoo. Mrs. H. Ralston                                  .50
  Jackson. Mrs. L. H. Field, _for Straight U._               2.00
  Lake Lynden. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                           10.00
  Litchfield. Woman's Miss'y Soc. of Cong. Ch., _for
    Share_                                                  12.50
  Manistee. Cong. Ch.                                       15.00
  Mattawan. First Cong. Ch.                                  2.60
  Olivet. Cong. Ch.                                          4.06
  Reed City. Cong. Ch.                                       4.35
  Romeo. Mrs. E. A. Berry, _for Straight U._                 1.00
  Saint Joseph. Ladies' Miss'y Soc. (5 of which _for
    Missionary, Indian M._)                                 10.00
  Webster. Cong. Ch.                                        20.55

IOWA, $1,019.41.

  Afton. Ladies of Pilgrim Cong. Ch., _for
    Missionary, New Orleans, La._                           10.00
  Algona. A. Zahlten                                        10.00
  Anamosa. Women's Freedmen's Soc., _for
    Missionary, New Orleans, La._                           15.00
  Creston. Mrs. N. H. Whittlesey, _for Missionary,
    New Orleans, La._                                        2.00
  Davenport. Rev. J. A. Reed, 50; Young Ladies'
    Miss'y Soc., 25; _for Student Aid, Talladega C._;
    Bbl. of C., _for Talladega C._                          75.00
  Des Moines. Young People of Plym. Ch., _for
    Student Aid, Talladega C._                              50.00
  Des Moines. Bbl. of C., by Mrs. S. G. Otis, _for
    Talladega C._
  Grinnell. Cong. Ch.                                       28.18
  Hawthorne. Rev. N. H. Blackmer                             4.00
  Iowa City. Cong Ch.                                       46.45
  Maquoketa. Cong. Ch.                                      17.75
  Marshalltown. "A Friend."                                 10.00
  Muscatine. Cong. Ch.                                      65.25
  Rock Rapids. Cong. Ch.                                     5.00
  Tipton. Ladies' Miss'y Soc. of Cong. Ch.                   5.00
  Ladies of Iowa, by Mrs. Geo. W. Reynolds, Treas.,
    _for Missionary, New Orleans La._ Charles City,
    10.--Chester Centre, 7.--Davenport,
    24.25.--Grinnell, 80.--New Hampton, 5, Children's
    Soc., 3.--North Des Moines, Mrs. St. John,
    1.--Osage, 10.--Waterloo, 10.50                        150.75
  Ladies of Iowa, by Ella E. Marsh, Treas., _for
    Missionary, New Orleans, La._ Eldora, 2.50.--Iowa
    Falls, 1.03.--Otho, 4.50.--Tabor, 15.--Webster
    City, 2                                                 25.03


  Burlington. Estate of David Leonard, by Mrs. Mary
    S. Leonard, Executrix                                  500.00

WISCONSIN, $751.29.

  Clinton. Ladies' H. M. Soc., _for Missionary,
    Austin, Tex._                                            2.20
  Geneva. Rev. J. K. Kilbourn, box of Books, etc.,
    _for Macon Ga._, 3 _for Freight_                         3.00
  La Crosse. Cong. Ch.                                      75.65
  Lake Geneva. Mary J. Barnard                              15.00
  Lake Mills. Cong. Sab. Sch.                                5.70
  Madison. Ladies' H. M. Soc., _for Missionary,
    Austin, Tex._                                           25.00
  Milwaukee. Plym. Cong. Ch.                                18.34
  Neenah. E. B. Ranney                                      40.00
  Oshkosh. Mrs. Lucy Bartlett, Pulpit Bible, and 2
    Books, _for Macon, Ga._
  Rosendale. Cong. Ch.                                      28.40
  Shopiere. Cong. Sab Sch.                                  12.00
  Stoughton. Mrs. E. B. Sewall                               1.00
  Waukesha. Young People's Miss'y. Soc. _for Share_         20.00
  Waukesha. Vernon Tichenor                                  5.00


  Monroe. Estate of Mrs. Orrissa Rood, by J. L. Rood,
    Ex.                                                    500.00

MINNESOTA, $20.60.

  Minneapolis. Plym. Ch.                                    18.35
  Rushford. Cong. Ch.                                        2.25

MISSOURI, $31.70.

  Kirkville. J. S. Blackman                                  4.00
  Saint Louis. Fifth Cong. Ch.                              27.70

KANSAS, $72.84.

  Cora. Cong. Ch.                                           12.00
  Manhattan. "Friend."                                      10.00
  Reno Centre. First Ch. of Christ                           2.77
  Topeka. Tuition                                           17.07
  Manhattan. First Cong. Ch., to const. MISS CLARA CASTLE
    L. M.                                                   31.00

COLORADO, $8.70.

  Highland Lake. Sab. Sch. Miss'y Soc. (4.25 of
    which _for Chinese M._)                                  8.70

NEBRASKA, $42.97.

  Albion. Cong. Ch.                                          7.30
  Ashland. Cong. Ch.                                         5.45
  Cedar Rapids. Cong. Ch.                                    1.70
  Fairfield. Cong. Ch.                                      12.52
  South Bend. Cong. Ch. and Sab. Sch.                        5.00
  Stanton. Mrs. Laura E. Dada                                5.00
  Steele City. Cong. Ch.                                     6.00

DAKOTA, $3.00.

  Watertown. Cong. Ch.                                       3.00


  Cheyenne. "A Friend."                                      2.75

WYOMING TER., $22.00.

  Cheyenne, First Cong. Ch.                                 22.00


  Arcata. "A Friend"                                         5.00
  Elk Creek. J. E. Lee                                       8.00


  Washington. First Cong. Ch.                              127.15
  Washington. Howard U., Mon. Con. Coll.                    13.50

KENTUCKY, $175.77.

  Lexington. Tuition, 63.25; Rent, 2.77                     66.02
  Williamsburg. Tuition                                     71.75
  Woodbine. Tuition                                         38.00

VIRGINIA, $8.55.

  Herndon. Cong. Ch.                                         8.55

TENNESSEE, $781.81.

  Jellico. Tuition                                          41.00
  Jonesboro. Tuition                                         3.50
  Knoxville. Second Cong. Ch.                               12.00
  Maryville. Mrs. R. A. Frame, _for Maryville, Tenn.,
    Freight_                                                 1.75
  Memphis. Tuition                                         269.70
  Nashville. Tuition, 396.86; Jackson St. Cong. Ch., 5     401.86
  Pleasant Hill. Mrs. E. C. Bennett, _for Pleasant Hill,
    Tenn._                                                  50.00
  Pleasant Hill. Cong. Ch.                                   2.00


  Troy. Cong. Ch.                                            1.00
  Wilmington. Tuition, 200.20; Cong. Ch., 10               210.20
  Wilmington. Odd Minutes Miss'y Soc., 20; "Willing
    Workers," 20; _for Indian M._                           40.00


  Charleston. Tuition, 304.50; Plymouth Cong. Ch., 15      319.50

GEORGIA, $653.58.

  Atlanta. Storrs Sch., Tuition                            264.95
  Dalton. Rev. Milton Rowley, box Books, etc., _for
    Macon, Ga._
  Macon. Tuition, 172.70; Rent, 4; Cong Ch., 16.05         192.75
  Macon. Prof. A. J. Burger, Pulpit Bible _for Macon,
  McIntosh. Tuition, 22.38; Rent, 1.50                      23.88
  Savannah. Tuition, 152; Cong. Ch., 20                    172.00

ALABAMA, $418.72.

  Marion. Cong. Ch.                                         10.00
  Mobile. Tuition                                          187.70
  Mobile. Woman's H. M. Ass'n for _Missionary, Fort
    Berthold_                                               10.00
  Montgomery. Cong. Ch.                                     25.00
  Selma. First Cong. Ch., 14.75: Sab. Sch., 10; Mr. and
    Mrs. E. C. Silsby, 10                                   34.75
  Selma. Woman's Miss'y Ass'n, _for Indian M._              15.00
  Selma. Woman's Miss'y Ass'n of Alabama                     5.00
  Talladega. Tuition, 96; Cong. Sab. Sch., 15.27           111.27
  Talladega. Woman's Miss'y Soc., _for Share_               20.00

FLORIDA, $10.00.

  Saint Augustine. Rent                                     10.00


  Tougaloo. Tuition                                         36.00

TEXAS, $245.05.

  Austin. Tuition                                          235.05
  Fort Worth. M. Marty                                      10.00

INCOMES, $462.50.

  Avery Fund, for _Mendi M._                               300.00
  Howard Theo. Fund, _for Howard U._                       102.50
  Luke Mem. Scholarship Fund, _for Talladega C._            10.20
  Mrs. N. M. & Miss Abbie Stone Scholarship Fund, _for
    Talladega C._                                           25.00
  Straight U. Fund, _for Straight U._                       20.00
  Yale Library Fund, for _Talladega C._                      4.80

CANADA, $5.00.

  Canada, Montreal. "C. A."                                  5.00

  Total for May                                        $17,372.89
  Total from Oct. 1 to May 31                          158,757.17


  Subscriptions for May                                    49.14
  Previously acknowledged                                 969.94
  Total                                                $1,019.08

  H. W. Hubbard, Treas.,
  56 Reade St., N. Y.

       *       *       *       *       *


  Lundborg's Perfume, Edenia.
  Lundborg's Perfume, Marêchal Niel Rose.
  Lundborg's Perfume, Alpine Violet.
  Lundborg's Perfume, Lily of the Valley.


  A box containing Samples of all the above five articles prepaid
  to your nearest Railroad Express Office (which should be named)
  for Fifty Cents--Money Order, Stamps or Currency.

Address: YOUNG, LADD & COFFIN, 24 Barclay St., New York.

       *       *       *       *       *

[Illustration: Count Rumford.]





  Prof. E. N. Horsford, of Cambridge, Mass.

There seems to be no difference of opinion in high medical authority
of the value of phosphoric acid, and no preparation has ever been
offered to the public which seems to so happily meet the general want
as this.

It is not nauseous, but agreeable to the taste.

No danger can attend its use.

Its action will harmonize with such stimulants as are necessary to

It makes a delicious drink with water and sugar only.

Prices reasonable. Pamphlet giving further particulars mailed free on

  Providence, R. I.,

       *       *       *       *       *





A palatable effervescing draught; affords immediate and permanent
relief in


Corrects acidity of the stomach, allays fever and gently operates
upon the bowels. It is emphatically a Household Remedy, invaluable
for Travelers. As acceptable to the smallest child as to the
strongest man.

Sold by all Druggists.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The American Missionary—Volume 39, No. 07, July, 1885" ***

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