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Title: The Warden of the Plains - and Other Stories of Life in the Canadian North-west
Author: Maclean, John, 1851-1928
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Warden of the Plains - and Other Stories of Life in the Canadian North-west" ***

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[Illustration: Cover art]

[Frontispiece: "Boys, I allus carries my Guide-Book." (_Page 30._)]





_Author of "Canadian Savage Folk," etc._







Entered according to Act of the Parliament of Canada, in the year one
thousand eight hundred and ninety-six, by WILLIAM BRIGGS, at the
Department of Agriculture.















In the wide western plains at the base of the Rocky Mountains, where
countless buffalo once found luxuriant feeding-grounds, the white man's
cattle were roaming in tens of thousands.  It was the time of the
"round up."  The cowboys had been scouring the plain for hundreds of
miles gathering in the cattle and horses, banding them and driving them
into the corral, there to be counted and the young branded.

The "round up" party had camped for the night.  Many of them were weary
from the hard day's riding, and were sitting or lounging about in the
tents or on the open prairie, waiting for the supper which others were

"Hello, Jake!" shouted one of these, as a man who seemed to have sprung
from the prairie, so suddenly had he appeared, rode into the camp.

"All right, Bill," was the reply of the new-comer, uttered in a short
but friendly tone.

"The boys 'll be right glad t' see ye, Jake, fur we haven't had a
sermon fur a long time.  Ye're the only preacher we fellows have got,
and ye're welcome."

"Wall, Bill, ef ye wud follow the trail and no be straying frae the
herd, ye wouldna get lost sae often, nur make it sae hard fur
yerselves, and fur the Gospel cowboys t' find ye."

Jake, or as he called himself, the "Gospel Cowboy," was a queer
character but a true man, who felt himself called upon to go from ranch
to ranch to tell in his own strange way the story of the Saviour's love.

Before his conversion he was known as "Broncho Jake," but since then
the pioneers on the prairie had called him "The Warden of the Plains."
He was a daring fellow, fearless of danger in crossing the rapid
rivers, a good rider and a splendid roper.  Few of the cowboys could
handle a lariat like Broncho Jake.  He was always foremost in trials of
skill and horsemanship.  A few years before he had entered upon his new
life of itinerating among the ranches, there was a contest between the
cowboys to decide who among them was the most skilful rider.  Jake was
one of the competitors.

A large circle was formed upon the prairie where the contest was to be
held.  The various riders were surrounded by friends who had come to
witness the exhibition of skill.  Many feats of daring were performed,
until the contest lay finally between Bill Jones and Broncho Jake.

Bill sprang lightly upon his horse, and riding rapidly around the
circle, flung his hat to the ground; then increasing the animal's speed
until it became a mad rush through space, he leaned downward on the
right side, and holding on only by his left foot, picked up the hat,
and, putting it on his head, threw himself back into the saddle.  The
crowd cheered him lustily as he sat his horse with easy grace and rode
once more around the circle.  The horse seemed to understand and feel
that his master's reputation was at stake, and his nostrils quivered as
he stretched his neck forward in the race.  Still riding at full speed,
Bill loosed his necktie and threw it on the ground.  Surely he does not
mean to attempt to pick it up!  If he tries he will certainly break his
neck.  Bill rode once more round the ring; then throwing the reins on
the neck of the sure-footed animal, while every eye was strained to
catch his slightest movement, he bent forward, and with a sudden dash
as he rode past where it lay, he grasped the necktie in his fingers and
lifted it from the ground, waving it in the air as he rode onward to
the starting-place.  The cowboys were delighted.  Many of them ran to
him, seized his hands and expressed their hearty admiration of his

It was then Jake's turn to show what he could do, and although everyone
was interested, they felt that the contest was ended, and many of them
said so.

"Bet yer life Jake can't beat that!"

Jake took no notice of this expression of public opinion, but threw
himself on his horse as indifferently as if such contests were of
everyday occurrence.  Riding easily around the ring two or three times
as if to get himself into trim for his work, he threw his hat on the
ground, and as he rode past picked it up.  Taking off his necktie, he
cast that on the prairie and picked it up as deftly as Bill had done.
The crowd were surprised.  They had not thought Jake capable of such a
daring feat.  But he had not exhausted his ability to astonish them.
Riding around as before, Jake flung down both hat and tie, and as he
passed them on his next round leaned forward and picked up first one
and then the other with his teeth; then turning to the crowd, who were
cheering him loudly, he waved his hand in acknowledgment of their
praise, and rode quietly homeward.  Broncho Jake was henceforward
honored by the boys.  When he joined the ranks of the "Gospel grinders"
there were wry faces made and queer remarks uttered, for some of the
boys thought he would be sentimental and sanctimonious; but there were
others who knew him better and said, "Jake's a square fellow, and you
bet he'll be a good un; none o' yer long faces nur yer long prayers
when a fellow is in need of anything."

Jake justified his friends' faith, and no one exerted a wider influence
for good over the cowboys, or was given a heartier welcome when he came
among them, than "The Warden of the Plains."

On this evening as soon as supper was over, the boys gathered round
Jake and were soon singing the hymns he had set to the rollicking airs
all cowboys love.

Jake had a grand supply of stories, and when the lads were in good
spirits they would listen eagerly, unconsciously learning the lesson
the story never failed to convey.  Jake was too wise to draw the moral
of his tales himself, thus treating his audience as children.  He told
his stories in a fascinating and suggestive manner, and left each
listener to adapt their teaching to his own need or consciousness.

Much, however, as they liked his stories, the great event of Jake's
visit was his sermon.  The boys loved to hear him preach.  He talked to
them in language and in a way that they could understand, and his
genuine goodness of heart and interest in their welfare had taught them
to love him.  It was a rough kind of affection, and the boys would not
have called it by that name, perhaps, but it was none the less a
genuine love for the man.

Taking a little book out of his pocket, Jake looked around on the men
who sat about him, and smiling as he held it up, said:

"Ye see, boys, I allus bring my brand Book wi' me to see to the strays
and return them to the masters.  I've got nearly all the brands by
heart.  The biggest cattle-bosses I've known--an' a good many I've met
in my day--are the Lord Jesus Christ and the devil.  I'm a wee bit
afeard the devil's got the biggest herd, for his range is cropped off
bare, and the cattle are pretty thin.  He's no a bit partic'ler how he
gets them, mavrocks, strays and sich like, he puts his brand on them
all.  Sich a lot of scrubs you never saw afore.  Puir things, wi' a
hummocky, stony range they get hardly anythin' to eat.

"I've ridden over the range, an' I reckon I know what it's like.  His
herd is just like Slim Jim's, where the cattle feed on furze and
rushes, thinkin' they're fine grass and vetches, but ye can tell when
ye see their ribs they're no well herded.  I reckon the cowboys are
asleep, an' the puir things maun rustle fur themselves.  Ah, ma lads,
ye're among the strays the devil has stolen, an' he's put his brand on
ye.  Ye canna see his mark, fur he's put it pretty well on yer flanks.
He's a cunnin' cattle-boss.  He's afeard the owner might claim ye, for
would ye believe it, ye belong to the herd of Christ, an' ye've
strayed, and some of ye were mavrocks.  It's easy to get lost on the
prairie when ye take the wrong trail, an' some of ye hae jist shut yer
eyes an' followed the ithers ahead o' ye.  I reckon the Christ cowboys
and the devil's cowboys hae pretty hard times when they meet on the
prairie.  It's none o' yer wee fights, but a strong tussle.  They're
just like the big cattle-bosses I wus a readin' about that got into
trouble about their ranges.  There wus Old Abe and Parson Lot.  Wall,
they had big herds, an' they got cropped bare, an' one day Abe, the
cattle-boss, looked out o' his ranch and he sees Parson Lot, the other
big cattle-boss, a comin' wi' his cowboys an' cattle, an' they was a

  'We're comin', Father Abraham,
  Wi' three hundred thousand more.'

"Old Abe wasna pleased at Lot's puttin' on airs like that, and he says,
'Come in!'  They sat down in the cattle-boss's shanty, and he says,
'See here, this is not going to do.  If the cowboys get a fightin' the
Injuns an' half-breeds will come an' drive us out, so ye see it wull
pay us to be friends.'  Lot turns to him and says, 'That's what's the

"Wall, the two bosses rode over the country prospectin', an' Abe says,
'It's a big country; make your choice, Lot, fur I respec' ye, ye're an
honest chap.'

"Wall, Lot went to the prairies o' the Jordan, an' Abram went to the
range o' Canaan.  That ended their wee bit spat.  An' that's the way to
settle squabbles on the ranches.  Jist separate them, an' that will
save powder, an' none o' the cowboys will get scalped.  If ye're no
contented to herd for Lot, I guess Abram would give ye a job, an' he
pays well, an' the grub is good.

"I tell ye, the devil's a good roper, an' his boys are up to all kinds
o' pranks.  Get on his range an' he'll hae ye coralled an' his mark on
ye afore ye know it.  Christ is a fine boss, an' don't you forget it.
His cattle are all slick an' fat, an' his cowboys allus engage again
after their time's out.  Stick to him, my lads.  He disna say much, but
ye get the best o' everything!"

Jake fell upon his knees and prayed briefly:

"Blessed Maister, we love you, an' we're not ashamed to tell everybody.
We oughter be ashamed if we didna tell.  Some of us are not on the
right trail.  We've lost it, and we canna find it.  The snow must o'
covered it, or else our eyesight is gettin' bad an' we canna see.
Corral us, O Lord, afore we get lost in the storm.  Brand us wi' yer
ain mark, that ye'll ken yer ain.  Keep us on yer ain range, an' if
ever we stampede, throw yer rope an' lead us to yer ranch.  Save us
frae wand'rin' in the mountains or strayin' in the coulees when there's
fine feed on the prairie.  Help us to feed on grace an' truth, an' may
we be prepared to walk in the trails o' heaven; no runnin' an' tossin'
up the horns, but walkin' an' lyin' down, sae peaceful like.  When
we're faint in the winter, an' there's no room fur us in the herd, or
in the stables at the ranch, take us quietly some night, when there's
nobody lookin', an' when we get hame we'll thank ye oursels fur all yer
kindness an' love.  Amen!"

Before sunrise the camp was astir, and Jake, bidding his friends
good-bye, continued his journey after partaking of a hasty meal.

Few were the houses on the prairie, and frequently did this "sky
pilot," as he was sometimes called, travel from forty to fifty miles to
visit some aged miner or sick cowboy.

"An' yer lyin' there yet, Jim," said Jake, as he entered the shack of
an old-timer who had been sick for a few weeks.

"Ay, Jake, it's hard lines, but I might be worse."

"That's true.  Ye never looked on it that way afore, an' I'm glad to
hear ye talk in that way."

Jake threw off his coat and stepped outside without saying a word, and
in a few moments the vigorous play of an axe was heard.  It was Jake
putting in a preface to his sermon.  Oftentimes he would say, "Ye maun
heed the Book, fur it tells ye afore ye eat ye maun work, an' a clean
religion is to creep down quietly afore anyone sees ye to the widow's
house, an' split wood an' carry water.  Ye min' that publican?  I
reckon he must hae been a cowboy when he was young.  Afore he prayed he
struck his breast pretty hard, an' then he prayed; but that Pharisee
was too lazy an' proud, fur he prayed first.  Now, ye maun work afore
ye preach or pray or eat.  Ye see it means if ye dinna work ye'll get
so fat ye'll no be healthy, an' if ye don't take exercise prayin' a
bit, readin' the Book awhile, choppin' wood fur the widows an' sheerin'
sheep fur the orphans, ye'll be lazy an' unco clumsy.  An' if ye get
fat the devil will soon get ye, fur he's allus on the lookout fur fat

"The Maister didna think much o' them publicans, but I reckon He had a
kind o hankerin' after that un that cried, 'God be merciful!'

"Publicans!  I should think yer Master wouldn't travel on the same
trail with them, fur they're the fellows as sells ye bad whiskey fur a
big price, an' when yer dimes are gone, turn ye out on the prairie,"
said Jim.

"Ye're on the wrong trail, Jim; them publicans were Nor'-West lawyers,
who charge ye thirty per cent. fur lendin' money, an' when ye borrow a
hunner dollars gie ye sixty-four.  I know them, fur I've been there.
Some o' them fellers will hae to strike their breasts pretty hard afore
the Maister 'll hear the crack."

Jake had a roaring fire on, and was soon busy making pancakes, buns and
tea, and frying some bacon.

Jim was badly crippled with rheumatism, and seldom saw anyone except a
cowboy or an Indian.  He did not, however, feel lonely, as he had been
accustomed to this mode of living for many years.  The present year had
been one of the hardest for him, he had suffered so much with
rheumatism.  Jim had been well brought up, his connections being
numbered amongst some of the first families of Philadelphia.  When
quite a young man he had drifted westward, attracted by the report of
the fortunes made at the mines.  His life had been one of expectancy,
always hoping for the fortune which seemed to others a long way off.
He was not daunted in his pursuit of wealth.  Several times he had made
large sums and then squandered them freely, hoping to replace them by
greater; but that happy day never came to him, and now he was almost a
helpless cripple, crawling around his shanty, and glad to see the face
of a stranger.  There was none more welcome than Broncho Jake.  Jim had
known him before he became a "sky pilot," and so fully did he believe
him, that no one dared to say a word against him in his hearing.

"The slap-jacks are no the best, Jim, but I reckon they'll keep life in
for a while."

"They're fine, Jake, they're fine."

"The Maister," said Jake, "must ha been a good one, for He wus worse
off than our rabbits; He didna hae a hole to creep into out o' the
sight o' His enemies; an' min', He had a lot o' them, fur He was the
friend on the side o' the men who had their failings and had none to
sympathize with them.  When a cowboy went off on the wrong trail an'
got lost,--wi' drink, I mean,--He wud come after him an' make signs
like the Indians, an' shout, 'Come back, ye're on the wrong trail!'

"He didn't trample ye down when ye fell, but waited till ye got yer
breath, an' then takin' yer arm, He wud say, 'My friend, get up; ye'll
soon be well.  I'll gie ye a hand to put ye on yer horse, an' I'll help
ye to find the trail.'  He was a bonnie man, an' don't you forget it;
none o' yer gentry, but a real man, wha, if He were here among us, win
I dress in 'chapps' an' sombrero, an' ride a fine horse.  I reckon He
wud beat us a' at the ropin' an' ridin' an' sich like.  I wud allus let
Him beat me if I thought I could do better than Him."

Jim was silent.  He had finished his meal and drawn near to the stove.
He had seldom thought of such things until Jake began to visit him, and
then his mind was directed towards religion, but in the quaint way
which was characteristic of these men of the western plains.  Jim sat
gazing intently into the fire, while Jake continued his talk as he
cleared the dishes from the small table and began to wash them.  As he
scrubbed and cleaned he talked about the Master in such a familiar
strain that Jim felt as if he were some relation, that he also had some
claim upon His sympathies, and would work gladly for him.  The dishes
were cleaned and the room swept, and then Jake joined him beside the

"Ay, Jim, many a time I hae crossed these prairies thinking I was
pretty smart, but I tell ye I found my match.  I could ride faster and
better'n any of the boys, 'n, thinks I, there's none can beat me, I'm
boss o' the ranches.  Wall, I wus a ridin' to the ranch one day, an' as
I wus a crossin' the Belly River I thought I heard a voice out o' the
bush calling my name.  It wasna the same as the boys call me, but the
voice cried, 'Johnnie!'  Wall, it wasna the name that struck me so much
as the voice.  I says to mysel', 'I ken that voice.'  When I got across
the river I went into the bush, and agen I heard my name called out, 'n
I says, 'Hullo!' but I heard nothin', till the third time I was a
listening an' then fainter so I could hardly catch it, it said,
'Johnnie!'  I turned my horse's head to go to the mountains, but, wud
ye believe it, the beast wudna go.  I got a kind o' skeered, 'n says I,
'There must be some ghosts here.'  I dinna believe in such things, so I
drove the spurs into my horse, but he wudna go; so, jest to see the end
o' the thing, I let him take his own way, an' I gie him the lines an'
let him go.  He turned right to the river an' crossed back an' off as
fast as he could go.  'The spirits hae got him sure,' says I.  But as
he went on, I began to think, an', puttin' the voice an' the horse's
gait together, I says, 'I'll see the end o' this.'

My horse took me right to the Missouri River, an' without thinkin' what
I was doin', I put him in a herd an' stepped on a boat, an' off I went
down the Big Muddy.  I couldna tell ye all my queer journey, for I
wasna mysel'.  Wall, I landed at last in a wee bit of a town, an' as I
wus goin' up the street, I thinks to myself, I hae seen some o' these
things afore.  I stopped at a door to pick up a wee thing that was
cryin', an' when I was talkin' to it, an old man comes to me, an'
holdin' out his hand, he says, 'I'm glad ye're come.  She's been a
lookin' fur ye, an' she'll be right glad to see ye, fur she canna last
long.'  I looked at him an' shook my head.  'Come in, John Fraser,'
says he, and I looked.  I didna ken what to say.  That was the first
time fur many long years that I'd heard my name.  I had almost
forgotten it mysel'.  I went into the house.  It was none o' yer
shanties, but a fine big house; an', as I went in, the old man took me
to the bed, an' he says, 'He's come!  Didna I tell ye that yer dreams
an' prayers would all come true?'

"'Johnnie!  Johnnie!'"

Broncho Jake stopped.  The tears were coursing down his cheeks, and his
lips were quivering with intense emotion.

"It was my mither, Jim.  I hadna ben back since I ran away when I wus a
wee fellow, an' I had forgotten all about them, an' I didna ken which
way to find them, an' here I was at last!  That voice at the river
brought me to her bedside.  She took my hands in hers an' says,

"'Johnnie, He'll be a true friend to ye.'

"'He's too old, mither, to be any use to me.  He wouldna make a cowboy;
he's too old.'

"'Oh, Johnnie,' says she, 'dinna talk in that way.  I hae trusted in
Him since I wus a wee lassie, and He'll no leave me noo when I'm
crossin' the Jordan.'

"'Mither, I'll tak ye across the Jordan if it's no too deep.  Mony a
time I hae crossed the Kootenay an' the Saskatchewan, an' if the
Jordan's no wider an' deeper an' them I can tak ye across.  He's too
old to tak ye o'er the water.'

"'Johnnie, Johnnie! my laddie! hae ye forgotten all I taught ye at my
knee?' says my mither to me.

"Wall, Jim, she talked to me till I couldna see, fur my eyes were fu'
of tears.  The dear old body took me by the hand as she prayed for me
wi' her dying breath, and afore she went away she says, 'Ye'll serve
him, Johnnie?' an' I put my hand in hers, and I couldna say anything,
but jest kissed her old cheek afore she died.  'Meet me yonder,
Johnnie,' she said, and then she closed her eyes.

"I got a fine stone an' put it at her grave, an' I got the fellow who
made it to cut out on it a saddle and a pair o' spurs, and above them
the words, 'Meet Me Yonder.'

"Late one night I went to her grave an' got down beside it, an' wud ye
believe it, I prayed and I says, 'Maister, Maister, I'll serve ye!  I'm
no happy here, an' I'll gang back to the ranch and serve ye.'

"I went again next morning to take a last look at the grave, and then I
said: 'I'm off to the mountains to serve Him."

Jim was deeply interested.  Jake had never opened his mind so freely to
anyone.  When he had finished there were tears in Jim's eyes.

"Jake, I had a mother, and she wus a good un.  Her prayers were short,
but I tell ye they were to the point.  She was what some o' the folks
called a Gospel liver, not a Gospel talker.  When I wus a boy there wus
two kinds of religion--the livers and the talkers.  The talkers had
bigger churches an' bigger crowds, an' the folks said they wus fine on
Sunday; but ye had to look out when you wus dealin' with them on
Monday.  The livers were fine folks all the week, an' ye could trust

"Just like our bronchos," said Jake.  "Christians are like bronchos,
Jim.  If they're well broken in when they're young they'll be steady,
an' if ye break them to ride or drive it's all the same to them, if ye
train them right.  Now, there are some Christians that have never been
broken in right.  Sometimes they'll balk, an' it's no their fault, they
were trained wrong.  An' there are some kickers.  Wall, the fellows
that broke them in are to blame, not the kickin' Christians; they were
na broken in right.  There are some Christians that shy at a prayer
because some fellow didna pray like them, or they shy at some Christian
in their churches just like a horse at a piece of paper or an engine on
a railroad.  Then there are some Christians like our bucking horses,
they won't work.  Ye can't put a saddle or harness on 'em, an' they're
fat, sleek an' strong.  They all want to be bosses an' feed on the best
without doing any work.  Wall, they're not to blame.  It's the fellows
wha breaks 'em in that causes all the trouble.  Gie me a steady
Christian, a good stepper, sure-footed, well-built for saddle or to
draw, not a genteel, high-spirited nervous thing, but one full of life,
well broken in, willin' to work and wha kens his boss.  I don't like
yer dreachy Christian, allus going into his neighbor's field or corral,
an' I don't want them that won't stay in their own band, but are allus
runnin' on their neighbors.

"I hae, like you, Jim, met some queer folks in my day, jest like the
horses I hae handled.  Once I wus boss of a ranch, an' I had some fine
bands of horses, but there wus one band that beat me.  I wus kept in
the saddle most o' the time lookin' after them.  I had a fine black
horse called Scottie; he stood sixteen an' a half hands high, an' was
as sober as a judge, but would ye believe me, I couldna keep him at
hame.  He would stray away every chance he got, an' I allus found him
in a band called the Methodist band.  They got the name frae the way in
which they worked thegither.  You never saw the like; wheniver they
were hitched up thegither they would pull for all they wus worth.  They
would keep step and pull well.  When they came to a hill they bent down
their heads, and afore ye could get yer breath they had the load on the
top o' the hill.  Whenever they were put out on the range they wud run
and toss up their heads, an' kick an' whinny.  They were all so full of
mischief, an' man, they seemed to like each ither that well you couldna
part them.  Once in a while they would stampede, and then for several
days they wouldna look into each ither's faces, they seemed sae
ashamed.  There wus nothing in it; it wus purely good spirits.  They
wur sae full o' life they didna ken what to do.  Wall, Scottie wud
stray into the Methodist band, an' I wusna pleased, fur I saw that the
boss o' the ranch wud like to get him, and whenever Scottie wus with
the band the cowboys drove the whole band onto the finest pasture on
the range.  Fur a long time I couldna mak out what attractions wus
there, fur I wus sure Scottie wus a sensible animal.  I found out the
secret from one o' the cowboys.  This fellow wus a particular friend of
mine, so he told me.  There wus a fine mare in the band that Scottie
had taken up wi', an' the two got to like each ither that much ye could
hardly separate them.

"'Buy her,' says my friend, 'she's a fine animal, then ye can keep
Scottie at hame.'

"Wall, it was hard work, as the Methodist boss didna like to part wi'
the mare, but I paid him a big price, an' so I wus able after that to
keep Scottie in his ain band."

Jim was deeply interested in Jake's style of preaching.  He seemed to
understand him easily and it suited him well.

"Yer mother was a good un," said Jim.  "If we wus only as good as our
mothers we'd be the pick o' the prairie."

The two men sat talking together over matters pertaining to their
welfare, temporal and eternal, and after Jake had attended to his horse
he knelt in prayer, pouring out his heart for Jim and himself.  It was
a simple prayer, short and pointed:

"O Lord, ye ken Jim and me.  We're no strays, fur we belong to yer
band, but we don't keep in the trails every day, an' we sometimes steal
pretty close to the devil's range.  It's no because there's good feed,
but we get lazy, and afore we open our eyes to look up, we're right
close on his boundary.  Lord, keep us frae wanderin' in that way.  It's
no to our credit, fur ye're a kind Maister.  O Lord, corral the cowboys
an' make them yer ain.  Some belong to the devil, fur I've seen his
brand on them, an' some are mavrocks.  They're kind, good-hearted lads,
an' if ye'll be on the look-out ye can catch them, an' when they ken
that ye're a good Maister, they'll stay on the range.  Shelter the poor
cattle on the prairie th' night.  Poor things, they'll be tired an'
hungry wi' the round-up.  Be kind to them, an' no let any rain spoil
their rest, or wolves touch their calves, an' incline the hearts o' the
cowboys to be kind to them.  Fur ye ken I love the cattle, an' I hope
some day to meet them in heaven.  I want to do what's right, but, O
Lord, it would be a poor heaven to me if there wur no cattle there, an'
no cowboys, fur I hae loved them all my life.  Watch over Jim an' me.
May we keep our spurs bright, our saddles in good shape, an' our horses
well fed, an' when we're done servin' ye on the prairies, take Jim an'
me to yer heavenly range.  Amen."

The two men then lay down side by side.  Their couch was of the rudest
and most primitive description and somewhat the worse from age and
wear, but its occupants were soon fast asleep.

Jake remained several days with his friend.  Jim was ill and sadly
needed all his friend's willing care.  He intended staying until Jim
was quite recovered and able to do for himself, but his plans were
upset by the arrival of a messenger from Sam Burgoyne's shanty
demanding his help there.  Sam's babe was lying very nigh to death, and
having learned that Broncho Jake was at Jim's shack, Sam sent a young
Indian lad to fetch him.

Questioning the lad, Jake gathered that the child was very ill.  He
saddled his horse and set out at once.  He had only a few miles to
ride, but when he reached the shanty and looked at the child, he saw
that his knowledge was not sufficient to save it.  It was beyond human
aid.  Jake sat down, and by kind, sympathetic words and prayer did his
best to comfort the parents.

The mother was a Blood Indian woman and the father a white man.  She
understood the English language, although she did not speak it well or
frequently.  Her husband understanding the Indian tongue, she talked to
him in it while he conversed with her in English.  In this way they
understood each other perfectly, though practising little in the use of
the tongue spoken by the other.

As Jake sat beside the bed of the dying child and offered his simple
prayers, asking that the blessing of the Father of men might rest on
the wee lamb, he thought what a pretty babe it was, and realized
something of the pride the mother felt in her darling, and his heart
went out in sorrow for them as they watched the ebb tide in the life of
the child they loved.

As her eyes closed, Jake fell upon his knees.  He could say nothing to
the poor father and mother, his heart was too full; there were tears in
his eyes as, taking their hands in his, he offered up the following
short but touching prayer: "Lord, take the wee lamb to yer ain fold,
where she'll be safe frae the wolves an' the winter's snow.  Come
yersel' an' comfort the hearts o' my comrades here who hae lost their
lambie.  Feed them wi' yer ain hand.  Corral them in dangerous times.
We are puir folk, but ye're our friend an' ye ken what we say.  Dinna
furget us an' pass us by, but brand us well an' then ye'll know yer
ain.  Amen."

As Jake rose from his knees he said gently, "The lambie's gone!" and
then with true refinement of feeling he turned aside that the bereaved
parents might give way to their grief unwatched.

The Indian mother wept bitterly when she saw that life had fled, but
after the first paroxysm of grief had spent itself, she set to work to
prepare her darling for its last resting-place.

Jake beckoned to the father and led the way out of the room.  After a
few moments' consultation they went out on the prairie together to
choose a spot not far from the shanty for the grave.

Like the women of many of the Indian tribes, this poor mother had been
accustomed to see her dead placed upon a platform supported by poles
and raised upon the prairie some eight or ten feet from the ground: and
knowing how hard it is to give up old customs, Jake was anxious to make
the new mode of burial as attractive as possible to the feelings of the
mother.  He chose a beautiful spot, and, being a strong man, soon had a
neat grave dug.  He then returned to the shanty and found the woman had
wrapped her babe in a fine blanket, and with it for a covering was
going to have the child buried.  Jake bade her wait a little while.  In
a few hours he had made a handsome coffin and placed the babe in it.

The little funeral procession went to the grave, and after laying the
coffin in it, Jake said a few words of love and faith--words that were
listened to and understood by his hearers, who could live only up to
the light they had been given.  They put a fence around the grave, and
Jake set up a board at the head of it, on which he wrote the name and
age of the child.  The little one had not lived long, but she had not
lived in vain.  As a beautiful flower of the prairie, she had come in
the spring-time and bloomed through the glad summer, filling the home
with sunshine and happiness until summer came again.  Then the
playthings were laid aside and the stricken child lay down to rest.

Jake often visited the desolate home, and was able to lead the bereaved
parents to thoughts of the higher life, from the perishable things of
this earthly dwelling place to the eternal blessedness of the immortal

      *      *      *      *      *

"He's a rum one, and don't ye forget it."

"Wall, he's none o' yer dandy city preachers.  A fellow can catch what
he says, an' ye bet he's no fool."

The speakers were in a group of cowboys and settlers, who had assembled
in one of the new towns of the country, attracted by the rumor of a
service to be held in the settlement.  Many of them were strangers to
each other, while others were strangers to the place.  The assembling
to attend a religious service where there were stores not only gave
them an opportunity to meet and know each other, but also of doing
business at the same time.  Some of the men came to get their mail and
to buy provisions, and when they heard of the "Gospel cowboy" and his
eccentric ways, they were induced to remain.

Broncho Jake had not arrived, and while they waited remarks about him
and his deeds were bandied about from one to the other.  They were
still speaking of him when a solitary cowboy rode quickly up to the
group and dismounted.  He was a tall man and a good rider.  Only a few
of the old-timers in the group recognized him or guessed that he was
the man they had waited to hear.

Jake, still sitting his horse, spoke a few words in the peculiar
phraseology of the West, and then prayed briefly.  Drawing a small
Bible from the canteen on his saddle, he opened it and began his sermon:

"Boys, I allus carries my guide Book, an' it tells me the ranges an'
brands an' sich like.  I'm goin' to read what Paul says about
backslidin' and backridin'.  Paul wus a character.  He had a mind o'
his ain, an' he wasna afeard to speak.  Wall, he says in the first
Corinthens, in the tenth chapter and verse twelve, 'Let him that thinks
he stands take heed lest he fall.'  An' that means, don't think because
ye're ridin' ye'll no get a tumble, fur the cowboy that rides wi' his
head too high will sometimes get thrown in a badger hole."

As he spoke, Jake turned upon his horse's back, his face toward the
tail of the animal, and spoke to him to start.  Suddenly, when touched
by the spur, the horse bolted and Jake was thrown to the ground.  As he
struck it, he jerked the lariat, which he still held in his hand, and
brought the horse to a stand.  Turning to the audience, he said:

"If ye're guilty o' backridin' ye'll get left every time.  Backridin'
is backslidin'.  Seek the Lord, an' when ye're workin' on His range
never ride wi' yer back to yer horse's head.  Fur let him that thinks
he's ridin' take heed or he'll fall."

Mounting his horse, with a farewell wave of the hand to his hearers,
Jake rode rapidly away over the prairie, leaving the listeners to his
brief but pointed sermon visibly impressed.

      *      *      *      *      *

Winter had returned with its short days and long, cold nights.  The
rivers were frozen, the buffalo were no longer seen, the antelope kept
well to the sheltering woods and mountains; the wolves alone roamed the
prairie in search of food, haunting the neighborhood of man.  The snow
was deep, and many storms swept over the country, making the travelling
very difficult and often dangerous.  The cowboys, devoted to their work
and the care of the herds, remained on the ranges.  These sailors of
the prairies are daring fellows, and have large, true hearts.  The
ranchers cheered each other by frequent visits--visits which extended
from a few days to two or three months.

At night they gathered around the large stove, which is always the
principal article of furniture in a rancher's shanty, and entertained
themselves and each other by telling tales of adventure and repeating
many an experience of their life on the prairie.

Young though some of them were, they had gone through many a scene of
temptation and trial, had been brought safely through many an hour of
difficulty and danger.  These experiences had hardened their sinews and
muscles, developed the keen sense of sight and hearing, as well as the
readiness of resource and rapidity of action peculiar to the cowboy.
It was a life which made them true men, faithful to their work and
courageous of heart.

It was on a bitterly cold night--just how cold no one cared to say; the
experience of that winter was sufficient for any tenderfoot on the
prairie--that the cowboys at Oxley ranch were gathered around a roaring
fire recounting their individual exploits.  The mail-wagon had been
detained somewhere by the deep snow; literature, always scanty, was
thus scantier than ever, and the boys had no other source of

"Five years ago I wus working on a ranch in the Bitter Root valley,
when I had a pretty close shave," said Tom Jones, an industrious,
strong-limbed, strong-minded young man, who was as true and daring as
he was strong.  "Those wur the Indian times, and I wus green at the
business.  I didn't know when to shoot an Indian and when to let him
alone.  Wall, the boss was going away fur a month, an' he put me in
charge, an' I was getting good pay, so I says to myself, I'm going to
do my level best fur him, an' let him see that I can work better for
him behind his back than when he's here allus a watchin' us.  I wus in
the saddle from mornin' to night, an' you bet I got pretty tired; but I
wus a bit afeard the Indians would play sharp on me when the boss wus
away.  The cattle wur strayin' pretty hard, an' I got it into my head
that there wus some mischief goin' on, fur after I had got them all
bunched up an' on the range feedin' quiet an' contented, next day they
wud all be scattered, an' I had to go after them again.

"There wus five of us on the ranch, an' after talkin' the thing over we
made up our minds that we wud get all the cattle in again an' then we'd
keep a watch on them.  We started out after layin' our plans, an' after
a lot o' hard work we got them on the range.  We wur used up, but we
wur so angry at havin' to do so much that we determined to ketch the
fellow that gave us the trouble.  One o' the boys took the first part
o' the night, an' at twelve o'clock it wus my turn to be on herd.
Wall, I wus tired an' not in the best trim fur doin' any fightin', if
there wus Indians about; but I wus in fur it, an' of course I couldn't
back out; besides, I wus takin' the place o' the boss, an' I had to see
that everythin' wus right.  I had a good strong cup o' tea at the ranch
an' rode out to take my partner's place.  When I got up to the spot
where we had agreed to watch, I saw him sittin' on horseback, never
movin'.  I called out low so as no one else wud hear, but he didn't
answer.  It was dark; I rode up near to him.  My mare began to snort,
and then she gave a terrible spring an' bolted.  I held on fur a minute
when, whiz! whiz! came two bullets after me.  Had my partner turned
traitor, or did he think that I was an Indian?  In another minute an
Indian came rushin' past me.  He gave a wild warwhoop an' made a swoop
at me with his big knife, but in the darkness he missed me.  I kept a
sharp lookout fur my partner, but I couldn't find him.  I wus lookin'
round with my sharpshooter in my hand, when I saw a tall object comin'
toward me.  I grasped my revolver firm an' kept my eye on the movin'

Tom had reached this part of his story when the cowboys, who had been
listening intently, started and turned their heads.  There was an
unusual noise outside.  Still affected by the story and their minds
full of Indians and enemies, they drew their revolvers and made for the
door.  After a momentary hesitation, the first one to reach it threw it
wide open.  It was no enemy, although the noise made by the new-comers
was of so unusual a nature as to startle the cowboys almost as much as
if it had been the discharge of half a dozen revolvers.  Upon an Indian
travaille, wrapped in a buffalo robe, lay a man apparently dead or
dying.  The sound of the travaille, as it was dragged over the frozen
snow, and the loud voices and shouts of the two horsemen who
accompanied it, was very different from the merry laugh or song of the
cowboy and the swift rush of his horse's feet over the prairie to the
door of a ranch.

The three men had been out hunting cattle, and late that afternoon
while passing some Indian lodges at the edge of the wood, several ugly
curs rushed out and snapping at the heels of the horses had made them
rear and plunge.  The horse which Sam Lynch had ridden was frightened
by the sudden onslaught of the dogs, had kicked and plunged, and,
rearing, had fallen over backwards with his rider under him.

Sam's companions thought at first that he was killed, and the Indians
had rushed out to see the victim of the calamity.  They carried him
into one of the lodges and the medicine-men gave him some of their
remedies; but his comrades, fearing that he might have sustained some
internal injuries, thought it would be unwise to trust to the knowledge
of the Indian doctor.  As soon as he recovered consciousness, they
secured the loan of a travaille and started, hoping to find better
medical aid and care for him at one of the ranches.  They travelled
several weary miles and reached the Oxley ranch, as we have seen, after

The lads lifted the injured, apparently dying man, and carried him into
the shanty.  They laid him on the best couch they possessed, thinking
only of making him as comfortable as their means and the accommodation
at their command would permit.  Although the storm was still severe,
one of them set out in search of a doctor, riding fifty miles to reach
one and procure his services.

When Sam had been obliged to seek his straying cattle his wife was ill,
and his only child, a little girl five years of age, had succeeded in
finding an Indian woman to take care of them during his absence; but
the boys, knowing how dependent they were upon Sam, felt that every
effort must be made to restore him to the wife and child who needed his
care and protection.  When the doctor had examined Sam's injuries he
shook his head, and told the men that though he would probably recover
he would be a cripple for life.

During the three or four weeks that Sam lay at the Oxley ranch he was
well cared for by the rough but kindly cowboys, and when he was able to
move they took him home.  Sam was not able to ride, so a buckboard was
called into requisition for his conveyance.  He was very grateful to
them for all their care, and when one of them put fifty dollars into
his hand, telling him they had made it up among themselves to help him
to keep hunger from his door until he was able to fight it himself, he
knew not how to express his thanks.  Rough, kindly lads, they proffered
their gift in so unostentatious a manner that the value of it was
enhanced tenfold both in the heart of the recipient and in the sight of
the Giver of all good gifts.

Sam found his wife very low, but she seemed to be comfortable.  When he
went round the house and into the out-buildings he was struck by the
neatness and evidence of care and comfort he found everywhere.  There
were several cords of wood piled neatly in one place, and a quantity
split up and laid in the yard.  The stables were clean, the small
storehouse had been repaired; there was an abundance of food provided,
and there were several hand-made articles of furniture in the house Sam
did not remember having seen before.  Someone had certainly been taking
a deep and helpful interest in his affairs during his absence.  Who it
was he could not tell.  His wife was unable to answer any questions he
might ask; she seemed to be at the point of death, and he needed no
experienced eye to tell him that her hours were numbered.  He was still
so weak from the effects of his accident that the little exertion
wearied him.  Sitting down in a chair by the fire, unable to do
anything except to watch the dying woman, he let his thoughts dwell
upon his many troubles, while he wondered from whom the strange help
had come.

Presently his wife opened her eyes and beckoned him to her side.

"Sam," she said feebly, "you have been a good husband to me.  When you
got hurt I thought I would die, and I was so anxious about you and
Minnie.  My heart was hard against God and I could not weep.  I could
not see why we should be compelled to suffer so much, but I can see it
all now, and as I lie here at night praying I can say, 'Thy will be
done!'  I know it is hard to think what will become of you when I am
gone, Minnie so young and you so crippled, but God has been good to us.
You see how things have been provided for us while you were away, an'
I'm sure you will not suffer after I'm gone.  Never look to yourself,
but trust in the wisdom of our Father in heaven," and she sank back on
the pillow exhausted with the long speech.  Sam looked at her with
loving, sad eyes.  He said nothing, but was thinking seriously of her
words, and wondering what the end would be.

The future was desolate to the poor man as he sat thinking, his face
buried in his hands, no sound in the room but the labored breathing of
the sick woman.  The door opened and Sam raised his head.  It was
Broncho Jake with his arms laden with parcels.  He had been away to the
settlement, and was now returning with a supply of groceries for the
house.  Putting them down on the table he held out his hand to Sam.
"Sam, my heart is sore fur ye," he said gently.  "You an' me have been
friends fur many years, an' I hae come to help ye.  When ye wus hurt I
wus a ridin' the range just doin' the work of a Gospel cowboy, an' one
o' the lads told me about yer wife.  I wus readin' the Guide Book an' I
seed my brand, an' as I wus lookin' at it I could see the bulletin o'
the Cowboys' Association had on it the words, 'Pure religion an'
undefiled before God an' the Father is this, to visit the fatherless
and widows in their affliction, an' to keep himself unspotted from the
world.'  Now that means when anybody is sick or poor there's no use
singin' an' prayin' if there's no wood in the house.  It means that if
ye would serve the Maister ye're to chop wood fur the sick, mind the
house, make a chair, carry in water, and get them som'at to eat.
Singin' an' prayin' isna religion.  The Maister healed the sick an'
helped the poor, an' did all His singin' an' prayin' after.  If ye
havena anything to eat ye canna sing very well, an' if there's no wood
fur the stove an' it's a cold day, ye canna pray very hard.  Afore I
start on a long trip I allus feed my horse well, an' that's how God
does.  He fills ye wi' the good things so ye can sing an' pray."

The change in the surroundings on Sam's small ranch was thus due to
Jake's kindly, practical Christianity.  He had obeyed the instructions
he had found in the bulletin of the Cowboys' Association, as he called
it, and came to the aid of the wife of his friend, her helpless
condition being sufficient reason to him for leaving the preaching for
the doing of God's Word.  The journey was a long one, but Jake was
strong and happy.  He sang as he rode over the prairie, his heart full
of gratitude to God for giving him the health and strength by which he
was able to come to the aid of the helpless.  He was never so happy as
when chopping wood, preparing or earning food for those who were unable
to work for themselves.  His place for the present time was in Sam's

When work for the day or hour was done the two men sat by the stove and
talked, speaking in subdued tones that they might not disturb the sick
woman.  She was very low, and they both felt the approach of the
death-angel could not long be delayed.  Sam's little daughter clung to
her father's knee, her loving, questioning glances divided between his
sad face and the bed where her mother lay.  The Indian woman passed to
and fro in her tender ministrations, proving herself a kind and capable
nurse.  Jake prepared all the meals, and with kind words of
encouragement he persuaded Sam to eat, and by keeping up his slowly
returning strength be more hopeful for the future.  He had brought
medicine and food for the invalid, too, and when she was awake and
could understand him, he talked to her of the better land where she
should ere long find rest and peace.

Two days passed in anxious watching before the end came.  Late in the
evening while the Indian woman sat at the bedside, she noted a change
in the sick woman.  She called the family together that they might say
the last words permitted them before her spirit departed on the long
journey to its eternal home.  As they waited her lips moved, and Sam,
bending down, caught the words, "Meet me there"; then as he lifted the
child Minnie to kiss her mother, a smile of joy passed over her face,
and she closed her eyes as the spirit passed without a sigh to its rest.

Sam wept bitterly when all was over.  She had been a good wife, and now
that she was dead he felt alone and desolate indeed.

Sunset on the Rocky Mountains is a grand sight.  Its loveliness once
seen can never be forgotten.  The lofty and varied mountains rear their
majestic heads high into heavens that seem aglow with fire; clouds
lined with silver and gold guard the topmost heights.  The lines of
light and shade deepen the glory of the sky, until the beholder stands
entranced with the beauty of the scene.  It was on such an evening,
when the radiance of the heavens seemed more beautiful than ever, that
the mourners laid their dead in her grave upon the prairie at the foot
of the mountains.

They placed the coffin on a travaille and drew it to the spot Jake and
Sam had chosen for the grave.  Jake knelt upon the ground and offered
up one of his simple, manly prayers--a prayer for strength to be given
to the mourners and of trust in the Almighty.  After they had covered
the grave they planted a few flowers in the upturned soil, and placed a
small upright board at the head of the grave, inscribing on it the name
and age of the deceased.

On the Saturday morning following Jake bade his friend good-bye.  He
had to keep an engagement he had made to preach at Macleod, on Sunday.
Jake often claimed the prairie as his church, though he sometimes
called it his "range."  His favorite pulpit was his horse, and he felt
more at home on the back of this faithful friend than he would have
done in a beautiful walnut pulpit such as the preachers have in the
city churches.

A large congregation had assembled in one of the billiard halls in
Macleod on that Sunday morning to hear the "Gospel cowboy" preach.  The
majority of the men were drawn thither by the report of the strange
style of his preaching, but there were many who had been helped at
various times by Jake, and their gratitude and love constrained them to
meet and hear again the man who had done so much for them.  They were
Jake's "boys," and he felt he had a claim upon them.  The singing of
the congregation was hearty in spite of the fact that there were only
two or three women among them; but the old-timers and the cowboys could
sing, and at this meeting they sang out lustily and seemed to enjoy

A simple prayer was uttered, and then after the singing of another hymn
Jake addressed his hearers.  He would not call it a sermon, just a
talk; yet if a sermon means talking with effect upon religious themes,
Jake was an impressive preacher.  He could describe in his western
phraseology religious life as it ought to be on the prairie.  He did
not, however, always confine himself to the prairie, although he was so
enamored of it, and understood it so well, that he felt more at home,
and therefore talked more frequently on the subjects the cowboys could
handle, and that he could spiritualize for their benefit.

Christ was his "Maister" or "Boss," and to be a sinner was to be "lost
on the prairie in a blizzard."  Sometimes he took a text, but he often
began with a story, and as the men listened more attentively he
spiritualized it and directed them through it to the Gospel of Christ.
Generally he had a definite aim in addressing the cowboys.  He did not
preach merely to explain a text; he had always a target to hit, or, as
he expressed it, "I allus try to hit the mark when I point my talk at
the boys."

The men at Macleod listened attentively to Jake's discourse, seriously
impressed when he closed with the following earnest words:

"Boys, it's easy work to throw a steer, but ye canna tie him down
alone.  Ye maun get the boys to help ye.  That's what the heathen
parsons--missionaries, I think, they call them--are tryin' to do.  They
canna throw down sin themselves, and they hae to call upon the
Christians to help them.  They canna all run to their call, so they
jist send some dollars an' let other folks go in their place.  That's
the way they throw down sin in Africa and China.  I never wus there,
but I heard the parsons who wur there tell the stories, an' they ought
to know.  Wall, boys, ye know Long Sam, wha got hurt in the winter.
Wall, his wife has just faded away like a snowdrift in a Chinook wind,
an' there's Sam an' the wee lass left.  Sam's a cripple, an' now an'
again poverty comes in at the back door, an' Sam tries to throw him an'
tie him, but the rascal sits down in every room in the house, an' then
the poor fellow lies down exhausted, and he says, 'I'm beaten.'  Wall,
boys, I want ye to lend us a hand in tethering the beast, an' if ye'll
throw yer lariat ye can capture the animal an' corral him, so that
he'll no' do any harm.  So here's my hat, lads; pass it round an' drop
in yer dollars fur Sam an' his wee lass.  Ye a' ken him, an' he's worth
more than ye a' kin gie him.  The Maister will pay ye back wi' interest
when ye go to the bank on the day ye want to draw out yer savin's."

Jake's hat was passed around, and although no warning had been given,
and therefore no opportunity to prepare themselves for it, still they
carried about with them considerable sums of money, and when the hat
was emptied on the billiard table and counted, there were over one
hundred and twelve dollars.

Jake thanked the boys, offered a brief prayer, and retired to the house
of a friend to spend the evening.  Early next morning he was seen
crossing the river, well laden with supplies, starting northward, and
singing a hymn as he rode.

Upon the evening of the second day Jake reached his destination with
the goods he had purchased as the result of his missionary sermon, and
there was peace and plenty in Sam's home for a long time.

That was an effective sermon, for Sam was never allowed to want after
that day.  He was able to do a few chores, but not sufficient to make a
living.  Minnie became the cowboys' favorite and Jake's _protégé_, and
she was well provided for with so many benefactors.  The mavrocks were
given to her whenever any were found upon the round-up, and some of the
boys occasionally brought her a lamb, so that in a short time she had
quite a band of cattle and a goodly-sized flock of sheep.

      *      *      *      *      *

One morning before sunrise, in the early autumn, a solitary traveller
was seen riding hurriedly toward the mountains, apparently on some
mission.  He stopped to rest his horse and partake of some food, and
then he continued his journey.  As he rode he sang occasionally a few
snatches of song.  He was well laden, and seemed to be going a long
distance.  He entered one of the mountain passes, and when he had
reached the top of a foot-hill from which he could command a wide view
of the country below, he alighted, and took a survey of the plains.
Having glanced around and feasted his soul upon the beauties of nature,
he took off his hat, knelt upon the ground and prayed.  What a manly
countenance he wore, and how striking was the attitude of this noble
man!  It was Jake, the Warden of the Plains.

At a gathering of cowboys where he had preached the day before, he bade
them good-bye, saying that he was going west, as many settlers were now
coming to the country, and they were getting parsons to take care of
them.  He felt constrained to seek out the cowboys and old-timers
farther west, so he had decided to leave his old mission-field.

Several of his friends protested, but Jake was firm.  Lest there might
be a demonstration in his favor he had left early in the morning.

The last we heard of Jake was that he was doing pioneer work among the
miners in the Kootenay country, and helping many toward a nobler life
and deeper devotion to the truth.

Upon the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains there are many hearts
that remember with joy the quaint sermons of the cowboy preacher, and
some are living better lives to-day in the shanties because they
cherish the teaching of the stalwart Warden of the Plains.


Asokoa was the beautiful daughter of a chief of one of the tribes of
the Blackfoot Confederacy.  She was admired not only for her personal
attractions, but quite as much for her gentle disposition and winning

The Fish Eater's band had gone south to hunt the buffalo, and were
encamped on the bank of the muddy Missouri.  These warriors were famous
for their prowess, and though they were occasionally attacked by the
Crow Indians, and had some of their horses stolen, they were not afraid
of their enemies.  They were well equipped with guns and cartridges,
and felt that they could easily defeat any foe of equal numbers who
molested them.

It was during this hunting expedition that in a beautifully painted
buffalo-skin lodge an Indian babe was born.  The women flocked to the
old chief's lodge when the medicine-woman announced that it had a new
occupant, but when they were told the baby was a girl they grieved.
The sad conditions of their own lives made them feel keenly for the
child who, if her life were spared, must bear the same burdens and
endure the same weary, monotonous existence of toil and misery as they.
The beauty of the babe as it grew, however, pleased them so much that
they forgot the sorrow of the future in the joy of the present.  She
was fairer than the other babes in the camp, and this sent a thrill to
the hearts of the women.  They loved the maidens who were fair, or
hated them when they grew jealous of their charms.  The babe thrived
and grew lovelier day by day, its jet-black hair and eyes enhancing the
beauty and fairness of the face.

It was evening when the chief returned from his hunting expedition.
The mother had prepared the choice pieces of buffalo meat for his meal,
and waited anxiously for the moment when he should ask for the child;
but he entered silently and without any greeting, as was the Indian
custom.  He was esteemed a great chief and had to maintain his dignity,
therefore could not condescend to notice his wife and children even
after a long absence.

Taking his accustomed seat opposite the lodge door, the food was placed
before him on the ground, and, as he lay half reclining he partook of
it heartily, but without betraying hunger or haste.  After supper the
old men of the camp dropped in one by one to learn the success of his
expedition, and to talk over matters that were interesting to them all.

The little swinging hammock made of an old blanket thrown over two
ropes that were fastened to the lodge poles--the ends of the blanket so
placed inside that the weight of its occupant might hold it
down--contained the tiny stranger.

The babe was hidden snugly within a moss-bag.  This moss-bag was richly
ornamented, and embroidered with beads and colored porcupine quills.
It was closed at the bottom, tapering to a point, and laced up after
the babe was placed in the soft moss with which it was lined.  The bag
fitted closely about the head and neck, leaving only the face exposed.
When the mother is tired carrying her child she rests the moss-bag
upright against the wall, or hangs it up from the side of the lodge
with the babe in it.  When she goes to visit friends at a distance she
rides on horseback in the same fashion as a man, and straps the
moss-bag with its occupant to the horn of the saddle or slings it over
her back.  When she walks the invariable custom is to carry the babe on
her back, well up on the shoulders.  Some of these mossbags are very
handsomely ornamented, the Indian mothers being as proud of them as the
fair daughters of the civilized race are of the tasteful, dainty
clothing of their children.

This particular moss-bag was very often filled with dry, soft moss,
that the child might be comfortable and happy in its dainty nest.  On
the night of the chief's return it had been more than usually well
arranged and laid in the hammock.

The large pipe was prepared, the tobacco and kinni-kinnick brought out,
and after the chief had finished his meal the pipe was filled, lighted
and passed around from left to right.  Each member of the company took
a few strong whiffs, some of the old men swallowing the last one and
expelling the smoke through their nostrils.  The evening was passed in
animated conversation, the chief leading and the others listening
patiently, adding to the general interest by uttering a few words of
approval.  When the conversation ended the guests retired quietly, and
the old chief, after taking a peep at the sleeping babe, turned on his
side and sought repose; but as he lay on his hard couch a smile of
satisfaction played on his features--the stern countenance of the
warrior had relaxed under the influence of an awakened love for the
little child.

The old man's heart had been steeled against sympathy and love; he had
lived for so many years in the midst of war and crime, and had
witnessed such acts of cruelty committed against his kindred by war
parties from other tribes, or marauding bands of white men, that his
heart was hardened.  He seldom smiled; the joyous spirit of his youth
had departed, and left him old and sad.

When quite a youth he had resolved to devote his life to the service of
the gods, and for a long time he enjoyed the satisfaction of knowing he
was doing right.  Then came a time of famine and sickness in the tribe,
during which the people died in great numbers and food was very scarce.
The people prayed, but no answer came to their prayers; then they
plunged into all sorts of wickedness, heedless of the evil that was
sure to follow.

After he was elected a chief he had been subjected to many jealousies
by those who had professed to be his dearest friends.  He felt that
hypocrisy was rampant and friendship hollow.  The gods were angry with
him, and they had leagued his friends and enemies in common warfare
against him.  Naturally slow of speech, he grew still more reserved and
taciturn.  He was, however, energetic in the discharge of the duties of
his office as chief, and thus maintained his influence over the people.

The quiet smile which now lingered on his features as he retired to
rest after he had looked upon the face of the child, betrayed that
there were depths of affection in his nature still untouched despite
the many years of pain, warfare and jealousy.

Nothing eventful occurred during the night.  The morning sun rose
bright and glorious; an hour later the camp was all astir, busy with
the duties and occupations of the day.  Amid the bustle around him the
chief lay still, taking needed rest after the toil of the expedition.
When he awoke late, his meal of buffalo meat and tea was set before
him.  After he had eaten heartily, the visitors of the night before
returned to talk on matters affecting the camps and to relate the
various events that had occurred during his absence.

Time wore on; day after day was passed in the same dull routine.  Now
and then the monotony was enlivened by the report of strange Indians
being in the vicinity and by the return of the young men from hunting
or horse-stealing expeditions.  The babe in the old chief's lodge grew
and increased in beauty every day.  They named her Asokoa, and the
toddling prattler answered readily when they spoke her name.

Asokoa's dress was a beautiful garment of soft antelope skin, made
after the fashion of a cape reaching nearly to her feet, fringed at the
edges and studded with several rows of bear's teeth and claws, so
sacred in the eyes of the Indians.  Her moccasins were soft and
pliable, beautifully embroidered with dyed porcupine quills.  A pair of
heavy shells hung from her ears, around her neck a string of bear's
claws, upon her wrists a number of bracelets made of rings of brass,
and smaller rings of the same bright metal covered her fingers between
the first and second joints.  Her cheeks and the parting of her hair
were painted with vermilion, and the long black tresses of the child
were neatly combed and hung down her back.

Twelve years passed quickly amid the merry laughter and free out-door
life and sports of the camp, and the love and peace which dwelt in the
lodge of the old chief.  Asokoa was still the pet of the lodge and the
pride of the old man's heart, but because of her sex she occupied an
inferior position and had to submit to the customs of the people.

Woman had not always been degraded, for in the early years of the
history of the Indians she had held equal rights with the men, those of
each sex performing their own duties and being honored by the other for
the possession of sterling qualities essentially their own.  But the
circumstances of the Indians had changed, and with the change came a
gradual revolution of the old customs.

One day there came to the lodge of Asokoa's father an old man named
Running Deer, who was held in great esteem by the people as a warrior.
He would sit for hours smoking and recounting his many adventures, his
hairbreadth escapes from war parties of the Crows, Sioux and Gros
Ventres, the numerous scalp-locks he had taken and the horses he had
stolen.  Although he repeated his stories frequently, the same respect
was shown and the same applause accorded as had greeted the first

Asokoa listened with the same attention as the others, and while she
admired the old man's courage and enthusiasm, thought no more of him
than any child of fourteen would of a man of sixty years of age.  The
chief and Running Deer had several private conversations, which
invariably ended in some close bargain relative to camp affairs.

Two or three weeks passed and one day a young man rode up to the lodge
door and called out the chief's name.  The latter rose and went out,
and after carefully examining the four young horses the young man had
brought, and being quite satisfied of their soundness, he bade him
drive them into his band.

The chief then returned to the lodge and the meal Asokoa had prepared
for him.  He was restless and evidently troubled in mind.  Occasionally
he would cast furtive glances about him, and seemed to be listening for
the approach of someone.  His wives and children noted this uneasiness,
and remembered he had acted in the same manner when he had feared the
approach of a large war party of Assiniboines.  They feared another
attack was threatened, but dare not ask any questions.

Presently the sound of horses approaching the lodge was heard, and
again the chief was called upon by name.  He went out, but returned
immediately and told Asokoa there was a beautiful horse and saddle
waiting for her at the door.  It was the gift of Running Deer, and he
had come to take her to his lodge, for she was now his wife and must
dwell with him for the future.

Asokoa turned pale, and startled by the suddenness of the announcement,
buried her face in her hands and wept.  Then trembling from head to
foot with grief and anger, she gathered her clothes and ornaments
together and tore herself away from the home of her childhood where so
many happy days had been spent.  She had admired Running Deer when he
visited her father's lodge, listened with interest to his adventures,
but how could she love him?  She was still a child, only fourteen, and
she had been given in marriage without her knowledge to a man of sixty.
For the consideration of four horses she had been sold into slavery,
doomed to live secluded, to wait on the capricious humors of an old
man, to be one of the favored in his Indian harem.

It was the custom, and so it would be useless for her to speak a word
of protest.  Mounting the horse she rode away quietly in the company of
her husband.  After a ride of about three miles they reached the camp
and the lodge which was to be her home.  The women came out to meet
her, and a few of her friends gathered around, but in silence she
unsaddled the horse, put a pair of hobbles on his fore-feet, carried
the saddle into the lodge, and took the place assigned to her beside
its master.

The lodge was a handsome one, capacious, and strongly built of buffalo
hides.  It was ornamented on the outside with pictures painted in many
colors.  Several scalp-locks which Running Deer had taken from the
heads of the enemies he had slain in battle, hung down the side.  Three
other wives dwelt in the lodge, and Asokoa would be obliged to submit
to the rule of the one who was the queen.

A sumptuous feast was placed before her, but she could eat little, her
heart was too full.  The girl felt that she had been wronged, yet that
there was no way of escaping her fate; custom was too strong to be
altered for her.

The previous wives of Running Deer were jealous of Asokoa and looked
upon her as an intruder, but they said nothing, showing their dislike
only by the sullen glances they cast at her as she flung herself down
on the couch of furs, and took the place reserved for her.

For several months Asokoa's lot was not altogether an unhappy one,
presenting, as it did, a pleasant contrast to the lives of many of the
other women in the camp.  This was chiefly due to her own liveliness of
disposition, which enabled her to retain her self-respect by attending
carefully to her dress and keeping herself clean and neat.  The women
in the camps after marriage generally become careless and untidy, and
in some instances filthy: but Asokoa had too much self-esteem to so
forget herself, and this pride stood her in good stead, helping her to
retain her dignity as a chief's daughter and meet successfully all the
cavils of the jealous ones in the camp.  Quarrels were frequent among
the women, but as Asokoa took no part in these family brawls, she was
saved much sorrow and daily annoyances.

Running Deer was held in high respect by the young men of the tribe,
many of whom paid long visits to the camp to listen to the wondrous
tales he had to tell, and learn from him the ways of successful
warfare.  Among the visitors who always received a cordial welcome was
Saotan, the gifted son of Eagle Rib, one of the most famous chiefs of
the tribe.

Saotan only desired to follow in his father's footsteps, and was glad
to seize every opportunity to obtain a knowledge of the military and
political affairs of his people.  He was amiable and unassuming, tall
and dignified, and had already won the esteem of the older men.  As he
grew older his prospects of promotion brightened.  He had kept himself
free from the escapades of the younger men about him, some of whom
hated him for his reticence and apparent haughtiness of manner.  He
paid little attention, however, to their sarcastic remarks, but
followed unmoved the path he had marked out for himself.  As he
listened to the animated narrations of Running Deer he imbibed his
spirit of enthusiasm, and felt inspired to do and dare noble things for
his race.

During the long winter months, as the camp was moved from place to
place, Saotan spent much of his time with the old man, and Running Deer
became strongly attached to him.  Asokoa was always with her husband,
and his tales assumed a new interest to her in the presence of Saotan;
and though she could not in words invite the young man to the lodge,
she encouraged him to come by greeting him always with a pleasant
smile.  His visits relieved the tedium of her life and distracted her
from the annoyance caused by the constant quarrelling between the other

The first months of her married life had passed, and Running Deer's
affection for his young bride had cooled.  The degradation of her life
made her heart heavy, and robbed her cheek of the bloom of health.
Asokoa seldom paid a visit to her father's lodge, as it was now some
distance from Running Deer's camp.  Indian women are not allowed to
travel alone or unaccompanied by their husbands.  All unconscious that
she was doing more than pleasing her husband she grew to look forward
to Saotan's visits with increasing interest, and as he saw his presence
was welcome he came more frequently.  Life seemed to recover its
brightness again, the charm of youth returned, and Asokoa felt for the
first time the power of love.

Saotan was soon drawn within the same influence, and the distance
between his father's lodge and Running Deer's seemed short indeed.
Saotan was in love, but dare not reveal it.  The woods and valleys
might be full of enchantment, his dreams be of happiness and joy, his
waking hours full of light and life, yet they were also haunted by
anxious fears for the future.  He left his food untasted, ceased to
visit the lodges of his young friends, and tried to restrain his steps
from turning toward Running Deer's lodge, but all in vain.

Important business affecting the tribe called her husband to attend
frequent gatherings of the chiefs in council, and Asokoa was left at
the lodge.  The horses had to be looked after in his absence, and he
entrusted the duty to Saotan.  Thus Asokoa and Saotan met more
frequently; from looks to words the transition was slight, and the
story of their love was told.  Cruel custom forbade their making any
confession to the old man or seeking freedom from polygamous
relationship, and they trembled for the result of the discovery of
their passion.

A more than usually long and important meeting of the council, at which
a discussion on the question of war with the Gros Ventres had been
prolonged to a late hour, had detained Running Deer so late that he
accepted an invitation to remain the night at a friend's lodge.  Early
the next morning he returned to his home rejoicing in the consciousness
of power.  His voice had been heard and his arguments had prevailed at
the council, winning him a signal victory over the chiefs who had
opposed him.

As he entered the lodge an expression of evil satisfaction beamed from
the faces of his older wives.  At first he took no notice, then
suddenly his heart was filled with foreboding.  He looked and saw that
the place usually occupied by Asokoa was vacant.  Inquiring the reason
of her absence, he learned that on the previous evening she had gone to
visit a woman in one of the adjoining lodges and had not returned.

Running Deer turned and went out, quiet, dignified and sullen,
determined to punish the delinquent for her unfaithfulness.  Mounting
his horse, which stood where he had left it a few moments before, he
rode swiftly to the coulee where his band of horses were feeding, and
found his wife's among them.  Asokoa must be ill or something serious
must have befallen her; her horse was still among the band, and she
could not have left the camps.  He went hurriedly from lodge to lodge
making anxious inquiries, but could find no tidings of his missing
wife.  Then widening his circle of search, he went from camp to camp,
yet found no trace of her until he reached the lodges of Eagle Rib.
Two horses had been taken from the chief's band, and Saotan had not
been seen since the previous day.  Burning with indignation, his former
love changed to bitter hatred, and vowing vengeance on the young man
who had supplanted him in the affections of Asokoa, he strode to the
chief and demanded his daughter, but Eagle Rib could give him no
information of the whereabouts of the fugitive couple.

Several months had passed, and Running Deer's anger had cooled.  He had
given up all search for the lost ones; he hated the names they bore,
and would not permit them to be mentioned in his presence.  He had
apparently forgotten them when a messenger arrived to announce their
discovery among the Piegan tribe, one of the same confederacy as the
Bloods and Blackfeet.

Weary of exile and anxious to dwell once more among their own people in
their old home, Saotan and Asokoa had returned, preferring to risk the
punishment which might be inflicted for their wrong-doing.  They sought
refuge in the lodge of Eagle Rib, where they hoped to be protected by
the influence of the chief.  But law and custom is stronger than the
individual, and the demands of justice are more powerful among the
savage tribes than in any other organization or race of men.  The chief
might retard the operations of the Indian laws, but he could not
overcome them.

Night had fallen upon the camp and the dwellers in the lodges were
retired to rest, when three men entered and seized Asokoa.  A band of
men waited on horseback outside.  These were the Black Soldiers, the
policemen of the camp, enrolled to maintain order and execute justice.
They had entered the camp so quietly that no one had heard their

Asokoa uttered no complaint or cry as they dragged her out, although in
times of pain or trouble the Indian women are generally loud in their
lamentations.  Deceived by her quiet acquiescence, the men mounted her
on one of the horses and allowed her to ride behind them on the way to
the place of judgment.  The night was dark, and as they passed a clump
of bushes Asokoa slid off the horse, and, crouching down in the shadows
till her guards were at some distance, fled back again to her
father-in-law's lodge.  The Black Soldiers rode on, unsuspecting any
misfortune, and had almost reached their destination before they
discovered that the Indian beauty had eluded them.  They returned at
once to recapture her, but as they once more entered the lodge and
demanded her of the chief, she stooped down and made her escape by
crawling under the leather flap of the lodge, which Eagle Rib had taken
the precaution to leave unfastened.  Then she sped away in the darkness
until she was joined by Saotan, who mounted her on his horse, and
together they crossed the river, and by hard riding reached the shelter
of the home of a white friend before the early dawn broke.

Negotiations were entered into between Eagle Rib and Running Deer for
an amicable settlement of the matter.  The angry husband had felt so
embittered against the woman who had never loved him that he had
himself sharpened the knife, determined to inflict the usual punishment
for unfaithfulness, that of cutting off the nose.  Many instances of
such mutilation are in existence in the Indian camps.

The two old men talked the matter over fully, and at last a settlement
was agreed upon.  Running Deer accepted five horses and a gun as
compensation, and Saotan and Asokoa were free to return once more and
live in peace among their own people.  The days which followed the
return of the lovers were very happy ones.  Love dwelt in the lodge
that was made beautiful by Asokoa; she lived for Saotan and adorned his
home with every ornament and device that love could suggest.  On his
part, Saotan loved her so supremely that he never brought another woman
to his lodge to share his love or supplant her in his loving attentions.

A dark-eyed babe came to gladden their hearts, a beautiful boy who
Asokoa said should grow up and be like his father.  They rejoiced
together in the possession of this treasure, and when a few months
later the destroying angel came and snatched their darling from their
arms they mourned together over their darkened home.

Saotan and Asokoa had dwelt in perfect happiness for three years when a
war expedition was organized to go southward and retaliate upon their
enemies for the depredations the tribe had suffered at their hands.
Two of these young men had been killed, and the desire was to kill
their enemies, that the young men's spirits might rest in the happy
spirit land.

The war party had chosen Saotan as their leader, and he was obliged to
bid Asokoa a reluctant farewell.  The affectionate wife gazed long and
sadly after his retreating form as he rode away over the plains.  They
were not going to wage open warfare, but secretly to return with scalps
as compensation for the loss of some of their own young men, and
Asokoa's heart was heavy with foreboding of evil.

At the expiration of two weeks the Indians in the camps looked for the
return of Saotan and his party.  Four weeks had gone and there were no
tidings.  Two young men were sent out to trace them and learn the cause
of delay.  Meanwhile the sole topic of conversation in the lodges was
the long absence of Saotan.  Various rumors were circulated, but the
truth concerning their fate could not be learned.  Small parties of
Piegans, Blackfeet and Sarcees called at the camps, but none brought
any tidings of the missing men.

After many days of anxious waiting, the search party returned.  Long
before they reached the camp the people descried them on the distant
hills, riding slowly, and their horses appearing to be tired out.  The
people ran to meet them, the women anxious to hear what news they
brought.  They listened for the songs of exultation, but alas! heard
only that wail of sorrow which strikes terror to the Indian woman's

The chiefs gathered in one of the lodges to listen to the story of the
young men.  They had ridden five nights on their journey, searching
carefully for any trace of Saotan and his men.  Not an Indian was to be
seen anywhere; the country appeared to be deserted, and they thought it
would be wise to return.  A short consultation was held, and as they
walked their horses slowly they came to the bank of a small stream
where they noticed a branch was broken from a tree overhanging the
water.  Searching more closely, they found marks of horses' feet, and
following the tracks, they came upon a spot where it was evident a
battle had been fought, for near at hand lay the skeletons of Saotan
and his men.  The Indians who had slain them had taken their
scalp-locks, their arms and ornaments, and the buzzard, coyote and wolf
had stripped the bones; but there were enough fragments of clothing
scattered about to enable the young men to recognize that the remains
were those of Saotan and the party who had gone out so full of hope and
confidence so short a time before.

As the young men related their sorrowful tale, the chiefs' countenances
betokened the direst anger, and while they muttered and plotted
revenge, the women slipped away to carry the story of widowhood, pain
and degradation to Asokoa.  Overwhelmed with grief for her loss, the
poor woman thought only that Saotan could never return to her again,
and did not realize that the medicine-women were already on their way
to perform the ceremonies of mourning for the dead.

These women laid their hands upon her, and in a few moments the long
black hair that had been her glory fell in masses to the ground.  Her
neatly embroidered garments were then removed and the oldest and most
worn substituted; then, laying the bereaved woman's hand on a block of
wood, one of the medicine-women took a knife, and using a deer's-horn
scraper as a hammer, severed one of the fingers at the first joint.
Her legs were next denuded of the handsome leggings, and the flesh
gashed with a knife from the knees to the feet.  The blood clotted as
it trickled down and was allowed to remain.

Asokoa submitted willingly to all these inflictions of pain and
mutilation; it was the custom, and she felt that she was only doing as
she should to prove the reality of her grief for the loss of her
husband by enduring it all without a murmur.  A few of the old women
sat with her in the lodge as companions in her grief; then as the sun
sank in the western sky, Asokoa wandered out over the prairie, weeping
bitterly and uttering the wailing cry of bereavement, "Saotan, come
back to me!  Saotan, come back to me!"  But no voice replied, as the
wailing cadences floated on the evening air.

When the darkness fell, the mourner returned, the people evading
contact with her as she passed by the lodges.  An hour or two of
sleeplessness spent in the lodge and the early dawn found her repeating
the same sad wail for the dead.  The people mourned with her, but said
little; young and old hung their heads as she passed them.  Some of the
women shed tears of sympathy and the men spoke often of the death of
Saotan the brave, and murmured vengeance on the enemy who had slain him.

The days of Asokoa's mourning were long, and at first there seemed
nothing left for her but death; but time, that healer of many wounds,
was here in the Indian camp as elsewhere.  Asokoa was too handsome and
young, of too good birth and pleasant a disposition, to remain long
without a suitor.  Sekimi, a dignified warrior, took her to his lodge
to be his wife, and for a long time was contented and happy with her
alone.  He could not have had a better wife.  Asokoa was devoted to her
home, and kept the lodge well and comfortable for husband.

Some months had passed when she noticed that Sekimi seemed to lose
interest in his home, to be dull and restless.  Asokoa did not despair,
but sang her sweetest songs, cooked the daintiest morsels, prepared the
choicest meals, and endeavored by every means within her reach to wean
him from his melancholy and make him happy.  Some burden rested heavily
on his heart and blinded him to all the winning ways of his faithful
and beautiful wife.

Sekimi rose early on one bright summer day, and after taking his
morning meal hastily went out.  He turned his steps to where his band
of horses were feeding, and selecting three of the best, rode away.
Asokoa had a quiet day, no visitor coming to the lodge.  When evening
closed in she heard the sound of horsemen riding toward the camp, and
as they drew near she heard the notes of a low, sweet song and readily
distinguished her husband's voice among the others.  Sekimi was
returning happy; the burden laid upon his spirits was removed, and
Asokoa, fully content, hastened to prepare some special dainty for his
evening meal and be ready to welcome him.

In a short time the horses stopped at the lodge door, and the tones of
a woman chatting gaily made Asokoa's heart beat with apprehension.
Sekimi entered, and speaking haughtily, bade Asokoa set food before
them.  Greater sorrow had never fallen upon Asokoa.  Her love and pride
were hurt by the knowledge that she had been superseded by another;
love drew tears to her eyes, but pride forbade them to fall.

The days which followed the arrival of the new wife were a dull round
of drudgery and sorrow, but Asokoa went about her work in silence.  She
was left much alone, and in time grew accustomed to her sad lot.
Always patient, she bore her trials with even greater patience and
submission than ever, but the handsome Indian woman was not so erect as
formerly and the glow of health had long fled from her cheeks.  The old
women watched her sadly and tried to cheer her; the children clung to
her, and leaning against her knees as she sat beside the river,
listened to the tales she loved to tell them.  As health failed, when
too weak to leave the lodge she would lie still for hours, suffering
but never complaining.

The long July and August days passed, and the cool air of autumn
brought some relief to the dying woman.  The medicine-men beat their
drums and sang their songs for her with great energy, but Asokoa begged
them to cease; she wished only for quiet and peace.

The leaves were falling from the trees on the distant bluffs when the
end came.  The old chief, the father who had looked with such love and
pride on the face of his child as it hung in the hammock, sat sorrowful
at the door of the lodge waiting for the approach of the death-angel.
As the sun sank behind the distant mountains, Asokoa raised her hand,
and pointing to some object which seemed to hold the fixed gaze of her
eyes, her lips moved.  As if gathering her remaining strength for a
last effort, she cried, "Saotan!" and with the name of her best-loved
on her lips Asokoa's released spirit took its flight.


Broadcloth and pemmican seldom met together in the far West during the
old buffalo days.  Occasionally, though, a "sky pilot" dressed in
prairie garb found his way to the trading posts or the mining camps of
the old-timers, where he was hospitably entertained and sometimes
handsomely remunerated.  There were few attractions for men of culture
and refinement in such a life; only that to be found in a free and easy
life on the western plains, strengthened by the desire to do good and
the assurance of success which always accompanies every earnest toiler
who obeys the behests of his Master.

Parson Morris was a Methodist preacher of the old school, with few
tastes, yet withal a man of culture and sterling worth.  He had not
only seen the inside of a college, but he was a good classical scholar.
Few could handle the Greek Testament better than he, or were better
versed in the standards of Methodist theology.  When a lad he had found
peace at the ancient "penitent bench," and the first prayer that fell
from his lips was the simple but very expressive sentence, "Lord, make
me a missionary!"  This missionary zeal had been fed by reading the
life of John Hunt of Fiji and current missionary literature.

During his college course the keen eye of one of the church leaders
recognized the fitness of the young man for the mission field, and a
messenger was sent to request his consent to go into the work of
bringing the heathen to Christ.  His heart had been set upon going to
Japan, but the voice of destiny sent him to the western plains of
Canada, where under the shadow of the majestic mountains he unfurled
the banner of the Prince of Peace.

Parson Morris must, like all wise men, take a partner with him to his
western home, one with whom to share his toil and his joy; for,
although there were many who sought to deter him from engaging in such
a fruitless task as striving to lead Indians or frontiersmen to the
feet of Christ, he anticipated success, and his heart was therefore
full of joy.  It would have been needless for him to have gone forth
upon his mission if he had not been buoyant in spirit and deeply
impressed with the great work he had undertaken.

The friends of the young missionary and his wife felt their departure
keenly, and some kind-hearted souls deeply sympathized with them, and
spoke to them as if they had been banished by some edict of the
Almighty to dwell in lone banishment in some desert wilderness.  The
young parson received a handsome gift from his ministerial friends, and
Nancy, the parson's bride, was made the recipient of several valuable
presents from her college friends.

While attending the session of Conference the Rev. John Boswell offered
his congratulations to the missionary, adding: "It does seem a pity
that a man possessed of such good talents as you should become a
missionary to the Indians.  You would do well on the best fields of the

The simple answer was, "I feel that I ought to go!"

Two days before starting upon the missionary journey an interesting
though scarcely encouraging missive was received offering good-will,
and containing a newspaper clipping detailing the hanging of a Cree
Indian for the inhuman act of murdering, cooking and eating his own

Some of these kind friends who sent this letter were numbered amongst
the most generous contributors to the missionary cause, and prayed most
earnestly for its success.

The solemn moment of parting came, and many tears were shed, many words
of regret spoken.  The parson felt depressed when thus surrounded by so
many gloomy countenances, but he naturally turned aside in search of
one or two kindred spirits, and as he stood upon the railroad station
platform there came a vision before his eyes, one which filled them
with tears.  It was that of the heathen waiting in thousands with
outstretched arms calling for help, while not a soul appeared to hear
the cry which ascended to heaven and arrested the angels in their
mission of mercy and love.  The great responsibility of helping men
toward a nobler life rested heavily upon the heart of Parson Morris,
and as he talked to his friends, hearing and answering their questions,
his heart was far away on those distant plains.

Their journey lay through the pleasant farms and shady woodlands in
northern Ontario, then up the lakes of the north, across stormy Lake
Superior, over the prairies of Minnesota and Dakota, until the Missouri
was reached, when a halt was made to await the steamer.  One week was
spent in the city of Bismarck, at that time a small village
characterized by all the roughness of western civilization.

There were large ox-trains composed of three and four heavily laden
wagons, drawn by eighteen or twenty head of oxen, on their way to the
Black Hills, the land of mineral wealth and lawlessness.

On Sunday the cowboys ran their horses wildly up and down the principal
streets, firing their revolvers into the air.  A theatre was in full
progress, and all the stores were doing a thriving business.

Parson Morris and his friends held a service in a public hall, and
while the heads of the worshippers were bowed in devotion their souls
were called to earth again by the sudden entrance of a man who shouted,
"Is this a fire meeting?"

Perceiving his mistake he retreated.

Up the muddy Missouri the pilgrims continued their journey, past the
extensive Cactus plains, winding in and out of the sand-bars and snags
which filled the river, crawling slowly through the rapids, passing
vast herds of buffalo and bands of Indians, until after ten days'
sailing in the famous river steamer, the _Key West_, they landed at
Benton, the head of navigation.  Dirt, drink and depravity were the
chief features of the village in the buffalo days.  Money was abundant,
and so were gamblers.  The main street was lined with taverns and
gambling-hells, and every morning the street was almost paved with
playing cards.  Here were men of quality and culture mingling with the
scum of society around the tables.  Brawls were common occurrences, and
not infrequently were attended with the death of one or more of the

At Benton an outfit was purchased, and Parson Morris with his wife
Nancy embarked in a "prairie schooner" for their home across the
plains.  Bidding farewell to the last evidences of civilization, they
began their march.  Alkali lands were abundant and water was scarce;
indeed, water fit to drink was seldom found, and frequently the
travellers had to seek a stagnant pool, containing not more than a
pailful of slimy liquid.  By filtering it through a handkerchief the
water was strained and freed from most of its obnoxious ingredients.
At times a tiny rain pool served to yield a small supply of water.
Strong coffee was made with it in order to destroy the discoloration of
the water and its nauseous properties.  Mosquitoes and swollen rivers
served not too pleasantly to relieve the monotony of the trip.  There
was excitement, too, as for instance when the wagon-box was lashed with
a hide and made to serve as a boat, the occupants trembling for their
safety as the rudely made craft was borne wildly down the turbulent

Arrived at their destination a very primitive log structure was
sufficient to afford the parson and Nancy a place of rest and shelter
from the inquisitiveness of the too neighborly Indians.  It was a rude
building, but there was joy in it arising from the consciousness of
duty done for God and man.

The field of operation, embracing an extent of territory larger than
the whole of England, was extensive enough to engage all the young
man's powers.

The suit of broadcloth was discarded for one of buckskin, long top
boots and a sombrero (a hat with a brim of very wide dimensions).
Nancy was compelled sometimes to remain at home while her husband
visited the lone and distant settlements.  These visits often involved
an absence of some weeks from his home, and brought trying times for
Nancy; many an anxious hour was passed as she lay at night thinking of
the parson asleep upon the prairie at a long distance from any
habitation and having no companion save his faithful horse, while the
savage dogs howled around her home and the Indians sang and shouted at
their heathen feasts.  When Parson Morris started out on a journey, his
thoughtful wife made extra hard buns, put some tea in one small sack, a
supply of sugar in another, a little butter in a can, the whole neatly
arranged so that it could be equally divided and fastened on the back
of the saddle.

A small axe and an old kettle, a few books, a picket-pin and a rope
completed the outfit.  Dressed in his buckskin suit, the parson gave
Nancy a kiss, breathed a prayer for their mutual protection, sprang
into the saddle, dashed through the river and sped across the prairie
at a rapid pace, for he must travel forty miles before night overtakes
him.  Half of his day's journey completed, he unsaddled his faithful
animal, picketed her in a good spot where there was some choice buffalo
grass, built a fire of such material as he could gather, and then
hastily cooked his meal.

[Illustration: "He built a fire and then hastily cooked his meal."]

A rest of two hours was taken before his journey was continued.  When
night approached he sought some low lying spot where water might be
obtained, and there, encouraged by a few shrubs or good feed for his
mare, he encamped for the night.  He picketed the mare at a short
distance, so that if she became restless he could hear her, for she was
apt to become fractious through the presence of Indians or wolves.  His
saddle was his pillow, the saddle-blanket a covering, and before lying
down for the night he surveyed the prairie on every side, took care the
fire he had kindled to cook his supper did not spread, and then
breathing out a prayer for Nancy, he rolled himself in his
saddle-blanket, laid his gun and revolver by his side, and was soon in
a sound sleep.

The parson was a brave man and always found ready access to the homes
of the old-timers, sharing their beds and meals.  He sympathized with
them in their trials, and strove to present to them the noblest type of
a masculine Christianity.  He was to these men a "sky pilot" and a
"gospel grinder," a man whom they loved because he could ride well,
swim the rivers, endure the cold, sleep on the prairie or in a miner's
shack, preach an honest sermon, was not afraid to tell them of their
vices, and showed himself a faithful dispenser of "soul-grub."  He
could preach in a tent or Indian lodge, a wagon or an old shack.  He
was not averse to sitting down to listen to the tales of prairie life
told by the rough settlers, and at such times their conversations were
bereft of any vulgarisms--not an oath ever falling from their lips or
an immoral allusion, although these might have originally formed part
of the tale.  Willingly did he write their letters home, and carry them
a hundred miles or more as he journeyed eastward, that they might be
sent safely on their way.  The tears sometimes came to the eyes of the
gamblers as they talked together of their childhood's early years and
of the old folks at home.

Two or three years of western life had passed when the parson, one
Sunday evening, announced from his primitive-looking pulpit in the
little log building which served as a school-house and church, that on
the following Sunday he would preach a temperance sermon.  A buzzing
noise arose in the congregation, indicative of the tone of feeling on
the question of whiskey and liberty.

There was abundance of liquor among the white men, although the Indians
were not allowed to receive any, an exception rigidly enforced by the
vigilant efforts of the Mounted Police.

Sunday evening came, and the little church was filled to overflowing.
Indians and half-breeds stood around the door and looked in at the
windows, their forms darkening the place.  Within the building were
Mounted Police officers and constables, whiskey traders, cowboys,
gamblers, half-breeds and Indians, men from different countries,
educated and ignorant, some who were graduates in arts from Oxford and
Cambridge, and others who were trained at the horse ranches of Montana,
Idaho and Mexico.  There were two white ladies present, the only
females in the congregation.  Assembled together with bowed heads were
men of various creeds and no creed, Protestants and Roman Catholics,
Anglicans and Dissenters, Unitarians, Baptists, Presbyterians,
Methodists, atheists, representatives of almost every known sect.

The parson gave out the hymn and led the singing, every member of this
strange congregation joining in the service by singing or assuming a
reverent attitude, and then silently every head was bowed while prayer
ascended to the throne of heaven.  An able temperance sermon was
preached, and was listened to with deep attention and gravity.  When it
was finished, and as the parson took up his hymn-book to announce the
closing hymn, an aged Indian chief named Manistokos arose and addressed
the congregation.  As he stood up to speak, a half-breed who was
employed as Government interpreter, drew near to interpret the speech
of the Indian chief.

With head erect and in a clear, distinct tone of voice, Manistokos
spoke and the interpreter translated: "I am glad to hear the words of
the praying man.  Many years ago we had fine clothes, good buffalo-skin
lodges, lots of food, and we were contented and happy.  The white men
came and brought whiskey with them, and then our people began to die.
The buffalo went away.  We had no food, our lodges became old and unfit
for use, our clothes dropped off our bodies, and there was nothing left
us but to go to our graves.  We are now poor, depending upon the
Government for food, having poor clothing and sad hearts.  We are now
so poor that we have no whiskey, for since the Mounted Police came they
have drank all the whiskey and there is none left for us."

The eyes of the Mounted Police flashed fire as the old chief sat down
amid the laughter and applause of the audience.

Parson Morris arose and said in dignified tones: "My friends, we are
always glad to hear what anyone has to say, but when any white men have
not the courage of their convictions, but must employ an Indian for
their mouthpiece, we will not listen to what they may wish to say.  If
there are any here who think that upon choosing the side of
intemperance they have truth and justice on their side, I will give
them an opportunity to air their opinions.  They can have the use of
this church every alternate night this week, and I will kindle the fire
and light the lamps myself, as I have to be sexton and preacher; but I
reserve for myself the right of replying upon the alternate evenings of
this week."

There was no reply and the service closed.

Upon investigation by the Mounted Police it was found that the
interpreter had been employed by some of the members of the whiskey
fraternity to interpret falsely, and the aged chief had been induced to
be present to give his views on the temperance question, which were all
in favor of the total suppression of the traffic.

The Government authorities dismissed the interpreter, and the cause of
temperance was strengthened by the brave words and manly attitude of
the parson and the Indian chief.

The little village of Mackleton, in which Parson Morris and Nancy took
up their residence, consisted of a few log buildings with mud floor and
mud roof, and with one street of various widths and very circuitous.
Sunday was the most important day of all the week.  It was then that
the Mounted Police started on their long journeys, no doubt being
better able to reckon from that day than any other.

Sunday morning came, and the parson and Nancy paid their usual visits
to the Indian lodges and homes of the half-breeds.  As they went from
house to house, they found it well-nigh impossible to cross the street,
an ox-train having come to the village on Saturday and encamped in the
middle of the thoroughfare.  There stood the long trains of wagons, the
yokes of oxen, and the camping outfit of the teamsters, who were at
this time squatted on the ground eating their breakfast, which they had
cooked by means of a fire made in the street.  The men had slept in
their wagons where they stood, and the oxen were grazing on the
prairie, herded by one of the men belonging to the train.

As soon as the meal was over, the train-boss proceeded to unload his
goods, and the men entered heartily into the work, which kept them
busily engaged for two days.  The work of visitation was kept up all
forenoon, save an hour for school, when there assembled the half-breed
and Indian children belonging to the Sarcee, Blood, Piegan, and
Blackfoot tribes.

Amongst the number was an obstreperous boy of six years, whom the
parson had to seize and carry on his back to school, and when once he
had him there, was compelled to lock the door to keep him from

During the afternoon the bowling-alley and billiard tables were well
patronized, the stores were well filled with buyers of all kinds, the
blacksmith busily plied his trade, and a more lively day was not to be
found during the week.  The day wore on, bereft of its sacredness and
peace, no songs of Zion stealing upon the ears, and no worshippers in
their best attire wending their way to the house of God.

Four weeks had passed away and there had been no signs of the mail.
Many wistful eyes scanned the prairie to catch, if they might, a
glimpse of the long-expected wagon with its precious contents of joy
and sorrow from friends in the far distant cities of the East.  The
old-timers became excited and climbed on the roofs of the houses with
glasses in their hands to scan the horizon, hoping they might see the
rig coming.

"The mail!  The mail!" shouted Kanrin and his friends as they stood
upon the mud roof of the solitary hotel, and the shout was echoed from
one end of the village to the other, each man as he heard the cry
joining in the announcement till it had passed from mouth to mouth.
The gamblers left their cards and the billiard tables were vacated as
from every house and store the people rushed to gaze upon the wagon
which held the mail.  Every heart was agitated, and it was impossible
to eat, drink, work, play or rest at such an important time.

It was the hour of holding service and Parson Morris and Nancy repaired
to the little church, but not a soul was there.  They waited patiently
until a single straggler entered to join in the worship of God.  The
preacher gave his best sermon to Nancy and her companion, who
pronounced it very good and appropriate to the occasion.  The
congregation had deserted the church, the most frequent worshippers
being found upon their knees at the principal store, where, the mail
having been emptied on the floor, they were aiding in the assortment of
the letters, papers and books.  It was a feast day to many in the
village as they read again and again the news from home; but there were
some sad hearts among them--those who came expecting a letter and whose
expectations were not fulfilled.

Here stood a rough gambler with tears in his eyes as he held in his
hand a sheet of paper written in a very trembling hand, and there upon
a bale of buffalo robes sat young Hanna, deep in thought, as Indians
chattered in their native tongue beside him.  The letter he was
reading, one from his aged mother in the old English rectory in his
native Yorkshire, was evidently touching his heart, for the gay young
man, cultured, kind and courtly, was nevertheless the most inveterate
gambler in the town.  His father was a clergyman of means who had
allowed his son to emigrate with the hope of becoming wealthy and
gaining a position there, which he could not hope for in England; and
the young man, with the spirit of adventure, had eagerly grasped at the
proposal and sought a home in the far West.

Money was abundant, and as it was much easier to gamble than to farm or
raise stock, he drifted with the tide and became an expert, winning
thousands of dollars in a few days and as quickly losing all he had.
He was a fair sample of many young men who in the early days sought
wealth upon the plains of the West.

Parson Morris became more intrepid in his work the longer he dwelt
among the rough settlers.  These men had warm, generous hearts, despite
the usual roughness of their garb, manners and speech, and no one knew
this better than the parson.  He had proved it oftentimes when their
comrades were sick, and had ever found them generous and kind.  Seldom,
therefore, did he call upon them for help, not being desirous of riding
a willing horse to death, seeing that they gave so liberally to all his
schemes and it seemed to be a pleasure to them to assist him.  There
were times, however, when in religious matters he felt it necessary to
resort to the method which they called "raising the wind."  Sometimes
Nancy would visit the billiard rooms and settlers' shacks to ask their
aid.  At such times she always met with politeness and generous

One Sunday morning the parson went to the little log church to find his
congregation again absent as before; the mail had arrived and every
worshipper had gone to find news from home.  Nothing daunted, he
resolved in his mind that he was not going to be defeated.  While
thinking seriously what had best be done, he suddenly recollected the
startling fact that there was a church account of fifty dollars which
must be paid.  What better service could he render to those men, than
to entertain them by allowing them to preach a sermon on giving.  No
sooner thought of than the parson started for the billiard-hall and
hotel of Kamusi.

A veteran of the prairie whose civilized appellation was shrouded by
his western cognomen, Kamusi was one of the parson's right-hand men.
He would get drunk and swear, and he lived with an Indian woman, but
nothing was thought of these things in those early days, when parsons
were few and life was held to be of little value.  Brave and kind, no
hungry man was ever turned from his table because he had not the
wherewithal to pay for his meal, and many times there could be found in
one of his back rooms a sick stranger cared for and fed at the old
veteran's expense.

"I'm dead broke!  I'll have to shut up shop.  I've been losing money
every day.  The people are robbing me!" he grumbled repeatedly as he
hobbled along about his work, coughing severely from an old asthmatic
trouble, while sitting by his doorstep were two cripples who were being
supplied with food and medicine by him, and for three months they had
lived there.

When the parson's small larder was nearly empty, which happened
occasionally, if Kamusi had the least suspicion that such a thing
existed, or if he had a rare dish or a choice dainty, part of it would
find its way to the parson's table.  Kamusi was the "Sky Pilot's"

Quietly the parson entered Kamusi's billiard-hall, where dazzling
lights were burning in profusion.  Men stood at the bar smoking and
talking, and the billiard-tables were surrounded by a gay company of
young and middle-aged men.  As the parson stepped to the head of one of
the tables every eye was turned upon him, the hum of conversation
ceased, the cues dropped to the ground and every hat was removed.

"Friends," said the parson, "I have not come here to preach a sermon,
but I am on business, and, as you all know, I am not given to beating
about the bush.  I am come here to get some money.  There is no man
here can say that at any time I have ever asked him what denomination
he belonged to, but have always treated you as men and brothers, and
tried to help you in whatever way I could and whenever you needed it."

"That's so, parson," said Paul Vrooman, a noted gambler, who stood with
his cue in his hand.

"When your comrades have been sick I have gone long distances to visit
them, at any time of the day or night, and at any season of the year."

"That's so," said another.

"I have stood beside you in sickness and trouble.  I have buried your
comrades on the prairie and have tried to help you to lead better
lives.  Now, I have a church account to pay, and I am here to ask you
to assist in paying it.  You have never refused to help, and I know
that you will help me now."

"We will, parson," said Vrooman again.

"There is Paul Vrooman, he will take the hat and go around, and receive
what you are willing to give."

Paul took his hat, and passing around the tables received a
contribution from each which he handed to the parson, who thanked the
men and departed.

As the parson was closing the door they shouted after him, "Come
again!"  The words cheered his heart and made him long for the time
when they would follow his teachings more closely, and forsake the
haunts of sin.

The good man spent the Sunday evening in going among the billiard
saloons, and the next morning he went to the Mounted Police barracks,
where he found the men sitting down to breakfast.  He addressed a few
words to the men, who heartily responded to the appeal, then returning
home, and counting over the gains, he found that he had enough to
settle his account.  This he did with a very light heart.  Such was one
of the parson's methods of "raising the wind."  He never failed in
gaining the hearts of the men, as he spoke to them in a manly way,
without any signs of effeminacy or peculiar sanctity unsuited to
western life.

Our "Sky Pilot" still retains his buckskin suit, and when he wears it
again he feels the scent of the prairie air, and longs like the
war-horse for another engagement on the plains of the West, where,
unhampered by the petty forms of civilized life, he can talk to men who
rejoice in and illustrate in their lives a noble type of Christianity.



Notable camping-place for Indians, half-breeds and white travellers was
the Lone Pine.  It stood like a monarch raising its head over a wide,
unsurveyed territory--no other tree to keep it company or break the
flat monotony of the sea of grass surrounding it on every side.

Many strange stories were told of this tree.  The gods had planted the
seed and tended it with great care.  They had protected the tiny shoots
from the wintry blasts and severe frosts.  They had caused the sun to
shine upon it, the clouds to empty refreshing showers over it to
encourage its growth; and as its tiny leaves unfolded under the genial
influence of their care, they had assembled to rejoice over it.  It had
stood for many years a beacon to travellers, a sentinel on the plains,
a pillar towering to the sky, a guiding landmark that was discernible
for miles, known and recognized by all the tribes and traders to whom
the great prairie was hunting ground and highway.

A season of sickness fell upon the people, and the Lone Pine, too, in
pitying sympathy with the nations who honored it, sickened and died.
The people mourned as for a great chief, and as they bore their dead
past its decaying trunk, fear of the coming of greater sorrow entered
their hearts.

One night a wild wind swept over the plain, and the Pine, unable to
resist its force, fell to the ground.  Then the spirits of the prairie
held a secret conference at the spot, and it was decreed that a daily
guard should be set over the tree, strict injunction being given that
at the first sign of returning life the guard should report at once.

The traveller who passed the broken stump of the old tree upon the
plain might notice it and perhaps regret its fall, but the stately
spirit keeping guard over it was invisible to his mortal eyes.  Yet he
might have noticed that the birds flitted more freely and sang more
merrily than they had ever done before the death of the Lone Pine.

The stately reign of the monarch was ended, and there appeared no hope
of its being reinstated on its throne in the hearts of the people, no
hope of it ever again being a guiding landmark to the travellers on the
plains.  But human foresight cannot pierce the shadows of the spirit
land, and that which seems impossible is, after all, only an illusion.
The man laughs at the impossibilities of his childhood, and the
inhabitants of the spirit world are untrammelled by the clogs and
chains that hinder and bind the denizens of the nether world.

Within the decaying trunk of the old pine the guardian spirit ere long
descried a tiny shoot, and with eager haste he sped away to the courts
of the spirits to proclaim his discovery.  There was joy among the
assembled spirits.  The Lone Pine was dead, yet lived.

The hooting of the owl was heard that night more distinctly, and the
wild birds sang in joyous concert until the prairie seemed alive with
sounds of nature's glad rejoicing over the resurrection of the dead.
It was a night long to be remembered, and was rightly given a place in
the traditions of the people.

The tiny shoot grew fast, and nourished by the richness of the past,
cared for with tender pride by the spirits of the air, it soon lifted
its branches in spreading beauty, and reared once more a stately head
above the swelling prairie.  Could human speech have been given it, it
could not have spoken more forcibly of the joy of life than it did to
the understanding of the people by its beauty and grace.

What wonder, then, that the neighborhood of the Lone Pine was a sacred
spot and a notable camping ground among the Indians, half-breeds and
traders.  What wonder that the horses did not stray far from it when
turned free to feed after a long day's journey; that the Indian
listened for the vesper-song of the spirits as they drew near the spot
at nightfall, and rested more peacefully under its hallowed
guardianship than at any other place upon the plains.  The Indians fear
the power of the spirits of the departed, but they were attracted with
an irresistible force to the place where the spirits of the air kept
watch and ward over the Lone Pine.

The white traders saw or heard nothing and were wont to say that they
pitched their camp at the Lone Pine only because it was a suitable
spot--one possessing all the necessary facilities for a good camping

Throughout all that region the buffalo roamed in tens of thousands,
seeking and finding good grazing ground.  While they congregated near
the Lone Pine they were unmolested by the Indian or half-breed hunter.
This was sacred ground, and the wild herds fed in peace about its
shade.  But the hunters watched and waited.  When the herds moved south
or westward toward the mountains, they followed eagerly, and few who
joined in the buffalo hunt from the vicinity of the Lone Pine returned
without a bountiful supply of meat for the winter.

Late in the autumn, many years ago, a large buffalo-skin lodge was
pitched on the sacred spot.  The lodge was of superior make; the skins
were well tanned and neatly sewn together with sinews by the deft
fingers of the women.  Several scalp-locks hung against the sides,
evidences of the prowess of the chief, proofs of the number of enemies
he had slain in battle, and ghastly reminders of the ruthless nature of
the warfare of the tribes.

One evening a solitary horseman drew near, and after speaking to a
group of children playing near the Red River carts standing in the
neighborhood of the entrance, stopped.  Leaning over the horn of his
Mexican saddle, he called to the master of the lodge.  A moment, and
the call was answered, and a tall half-breed, pushing aside the
door-flap, came out.  A few words of welcome said and inquiry answered,
and the stranger dismounted, unsaddled his horse, put hobbles on his
feet, and turned him loose to graze.

Donald Mackton had not been long in the country, but he had used his
eyes and quick intelligence to some purpose; he had learned the ways
and manners as well as the language of the natives very quickly, and
was already well in touch with the ideas and many of the peculiarities
of the Indians.

A tall, broad-shouldered, manly-looking Scot, the buckskin suit, wide
sombrero hat and long boots of the typical cowboy showed his fine
figure to perfection.  He was armed with a Winchester rifle, wore a
belt well filled with cartridges, and carried a revolver in one of the
many pockets of his jacket.  A sheath fastened to his belt also held a
sharp knife.  Long exposure to the sun and wind had bronzed his skin,
and his muscles were hardened by the constant open-air life.  His keen,
blue eyes were true, and the entire self-unconsciousness of his manner
inspired all who came in contact with him with confidence.  He was a
man whose word could be trusted, whose love had never been betrayed.

Jim Howsford, the half-breed master of the lodge, was as fine a
specimen of his class and race, as honest as the best of them and a
true man.  His father was the son of an educated Englishman who had
been in the employment of the Honorable Hudson's Bay Company, his
mother a beauty among the dusky maidens of the Cree tribe.  Jim had
learned the language of both father and mother, and knew something of
the customs of both nations and races.  He was therefore almost as much
at home among the white men as with the Indians.  He, however, liked
the latter better.  His mother's nature was the stronger in him, and he
spoke the Cree language more frequently and fluently than the English
of the white men.  He wore his hair cut straight and hanging half way
to the shoulders, loose flannel shirt open at the throat, beautifully
ornamented leggings fastened outside his trousers from the knee
downwards, and moccasins on his feet.  The belt round his waist carried
the usual knife and cartridges, without which the dress of neither
half-breed nor cowboy was complete.

As the two men stood talking the children came nearer, shy but curious
to know more of the stranger.  They were seldom interrupted in their
play by the arrival of a white visitor at the camp; indeed, so much
were they kept to themselves on the prairie that they knew more of the
ways and habits of the gopher, badger and beaver than they did of the
ways of men.  They had witnessed deadly conflicts between the Indians
and half-breeds, and had crouched in fear as the bullets whistled about
the lodge or the cries of the wounded fell upon their young ears.
There was something about this stranger, however, that attracted them,
and sheltered under the circle of carts that surrounded the lodge, they
stared wide-eyed, curious to learn the object of his visit.

Jim was too hospitable to keep his visitor long outside the lodge.
They entered, and Donald was introduced to the queen of the lodge, a
half-breed woman of fair complexion, pretty, and having the shy manner
which belongs to women trained to believe that the master of the lodge
is a superior being.  She wore the ordinary dress of women of the
settlements, but her way of wearing it lacked neatness and taste; the
colors were bright, but without the harmony so noticeable in the work
of the pure Indian women.

The life of the half-breed women is a dull, monotonous one.  Constantly
on the move, freighting goods and furs from one Hudson's Bay post to
another, or carrying for the small traders on the prairie, they have no
incentive to make the lodge attractive or their personal appearance
dainty.  It is not, however, a hard life; neither men nor women seem
ever in a hurry to reach their destination with the goods committed to
their care.  They travel along leisurely and in a gay mood from morning
till evening, shooting any game that comes within their reach, or
taking advantage of a broken axle to call a halt and hunt in a wider
circle from their resting-place.  The women as they go, gather the
berries growing wild on the prairie slopes or bluffs, and the children
play, happy and merry as the day is long.  These people are at home on
the prairie, free as the foxes--Canadian gypsies, full of the joy of
to-day, heedless of the morrow, not even questioning the possibility of
supper, but trusting to their guns and good luck to provide them with a
deer, a beaver, a goose, or a few prairie chickens; or if these fail--a
thing which seldom happens--a few gophers or a skunk can be made to
provide a meal.

When the day's journey is ended and the evening meal disposed of, the
men sit and smoke in one of the lodges, or if the evening be fine,
assemble near the carts and spend the time playing cards, gambling for
almost every thing they possess.  Horse-racing and foot-races are also
favorite amusements, and a means of gambling, too.  The boys sit in a
circle round a peg driven into the ground, and throwing their knives in
the air vie with each other in the skill to impale it with the falling

When Jim Howsford and Donald Mackton came into the lodge the woman who
greeted them set about preparing the evening meal.  The fire was
already kindled in the centre, where it was kept in its place by a
circle of stones; a small opening above, where the lodge poles
intersected, being left for the egress of the smoke.  Below this
opening and over the heads of the occupants of the lodge were stretched
pieces of shagginappi--half-tanned hides cut in strips--upon which were
hung slices of buffalo to be dried and smoked.

Reaching to these rows of dried meat Betty Howsford took several of the
slices and cooked them.  She was glad to serve the stranger generously
while the food lasted, and to trust to the larder being replenished
when necessary by a windfall of mercy bringing meat, flour, tea and
tobacco.  The supper consisted of slap-jacks, strong black tea and the
buffalo meat.  The slap-jacks were made quickly.  Flour, salt and water
were beaten rapidly together, and poured into hot grease, and the pan
held over the fire until one side was well browned; then, with a quick
turn of the wrist the cake was flung into the air.  Turning over as it
fell, the congealed mass came down flat into the pan.  After being
browned on both sides, the slap-jacks were set away on a dish until a
sufficient number were cooked for all the members of the party.  After
their elders had eaten the children were handed their portion, then the
dogs were fed and the dishes washed and put away until they were again

Jim and Donald lighted their pipes and sat talking over life on the
prairie and the events of their earlier days.  Betty slipped away, and
silence settled down upon the lodge.  Soon the woman's low voice had
called the lads together, and presently on the still night air their
clear voices fell as the notes of the "Ave Maria" floated sweet and
true, the boys' stronger tones joining with the thinner treble of the

In the far north, on one of the old missions, Betty had been taught by
an aged member of the Oblat Fathers, a missionary who had come many
years before from the old land to teach the red men the way of peace.
He lived with them, travelled with them, shared their hardships and
their hunting expeditions, and when they stayed in one place for a
time, taught the women and children who gathered around him to listen.
In his youth he had been ambitious to gain a high position in the
Church, but as he read Thomas à Kempis' "Imitation of Christ" his heart
was touched, and he determined to give up his ambitious desires for
self and follow Christ.  He joined the Order, and was sent to the
distant West, to where, to those who knew little of mission work, his
culture and refinement would seem to be of little service to him.  But
these gifts enabled him to exert great power over the natives, and drew
them to the wise man with a loving heart.

Betty had been thrown into many untoward circumstances since she had
learned of him, but the sound of the old man's voice seemed ever in her
ears; she never forgot the lessons she had learned from his lips and
through his life.  With her children gathered about her she knelt by
the wheel of one of the carts, the prairie sod for a resting-place, the
sky over head, and together they repeated the "Pater Noster," the "Our
Father" of the Saviour of all men and of all creeds.

What a scene!  One for the contemplation of angels who looked from
heaven on the half-breed woman and her children as they besought God
for protection, guidance and grace.

The men in the lodge had paused in their talk and smoked their pipes in
silence while the petitions were ascending outside.

The prayer finished, the children returned to the lodge, and removing
their outer garments, curled themselves up on the skins spread on the
ground in the lodge, and were soon fast asleep.

Jim and Donald sat long narrating the various strange experiences of
their lives, the half-breed exulting in his success as a hunter, and
the white man rejoicing no less in the valor displayed among civilized
people in times of danger, as well as in his superior knowledge of men
and of the world.

"Them wur fine times," said the half-breed, his eyes glistening as he
recalled the past.  "We had lots of game, and we never wanted for grub.
I could kill more buffalo with my old flint-lock in a day than we get
now with a Winchester rifle."

"Had you ever any trouble with the Indians in those days?" asked Donald.

"Ye bet yer life we did.  Many's the time we had to fight for our
lives.  They'd get behind our carts before we'd know they wur there:
but ye see, we knew how to fight, and though some of our folks got
killed, we allus had the best of it."

"You must have had some narrow escapes."

"Yes, siree!  I've had many a close shave in my younger days.  I've
fought with buffalo, bears and Indians, and I carry some wounds to show
what a hard tussle I had many a time.  There's no fun nowadays like we
had in the old times.  Now we never have a fight worth speaking of, and
the white men are beginning to tell us that it'll be better to take the
scalp-locks off our lodges; but I won mine in honest fights, and I dare
any man to say that I didn't kill my enemy every time.  Let me see,"
and Jim took a long draw of his pipe.  "I think it was the year of the
big snow, that'd be twelve years ago.  I wus camped on the Big
Saskatchewan with Bill Whitman and Sam Livingwood.  We had gone out on
a search party to see how the game wus, and intended to be away about
ten days.  We had gone east from our camp, and had seen lots o'
buffalo.  I tell you, stranger, it'd have made the heart of any man
glad to see them.  They wur fat and sleek, and there wur thousands of

"Well, we were on our way back to our camp, and had settled down for
the night on the banks of the Saskatchewan.  We didn't start any fire
that night fur fear o' Indians, but we just took what grub we had and
eat it in quietness.  As we three sat smoking I started to my feet
suddenly and grabbed my gun.  I don't know what made me do it, but I
think it wus the old medicine-man, fur he charmed me the year before,
and cured me when I was very sick.  I listened, but could hear nothing,
so I sat down again.  I was sittin' a few minutes when again I jumped
to my feet, but could see nothing.  My companions looked at me and
listened for the sound o' cracking branches, but they could see
nothing, so we contented ourselves and smoked our pipes.  Once again
this happened, and I made up my mind that if it came again I wouldn't
stay in that spot; but as it didn't return I lay down to rest, fur I
was awful tired.  I couldn't sleep, so I lay half skeered with my gun
loaded and my hand on it.  Bill and Sam lay beside me, and I wus in a
sweat, fur Bill was a terrible snorer.  It didn't matter what danger he
wus in, he would snore, and it seemed as if he would try to snore
loudest when there wur Indians about.

"'Now, Bill,' said I, before he went off to sleep, 'don't ye snore
to-night, fur I'm afeard we're in an uncanny place.'  He was mad, and
said he didn't snore only when he wus at home.  I told him he did, but
he only got madder, so I kept quiet and asked him to be still, fur I
was afeard there wur some Indians near.

"He said he would, then turned over and went to sleep, and soon was
snoring as loud as ever.  I am never afeard, but I tell ye, stranger,
when I heard Bill snore that night I wus as weak as a woman, and I
could have cleared out from the place only I couldn't leave my mates.
As I lay on the ground I kept both ears and one eye open, fur I
couldn't forget those three times that I jumped up and seized my gun.
It wus gittin' on towards morning, the moon wus shining a little, but I
could not see far.  We wur in a snug spot among some trees, and I was
beginning to feel safe, and thought I might take a short nap.  We had a
long ride before us, and we had to start at sunrise.  I had dropped my
head on the grass, and must have dozed off when the snapping of a
rotten branch woke me; but I didn't stir, only waited fur another
sound.  I had not long to wait.  In a few minutes a crawling sound
seemed to come along the ground slow and very quiet like.  I raised my
head but saw nothing.  I dropped my head again, but as I did so I
raised my gun with my finger on the trigger and lay quiet until the
sound returned.

"Soon I saw a dark objec' lyin' on the grass like a log.  It was only a
few yards off, and it didn't move.  I'd become sure there was danger,
so I raised my gun and fired.  The objec' giv a moan an' rolled over.
My mates sprung to their feet at the sound of the gun, but I called to
them sharp to lie down.  Again we waited to see what'd follow.  Nothing
more happened for a while, and I was just risin' to go to the objec'
when I saw two others lyin' near the first.  They seemed to fall deep
in the grass when I raised myself.  Drawing my gun toward me I fired
twice, quick.  Each shot told, for the objec' gave a howl and rolled

"There was no more sleep after that.  We lay with our hands on our guns
and close behind the cover of the trees until the light of the early
morning helped us to see the animals on the grass, and we soon saw
there wur no others there.  Bill, Sam and me went with our guns raised
toward them things on the grass, expectin' to find a bear or buffalo,
but as we got near we saw they wur covered with Indian blankets.  We
turned 'em over with our feet, and as the blankets fell off found three
naked Indians, each graspin' a knife, but they wur dead.  My bullets
had found a good place, so I took my scalpin' knife and soon had their
scalps hangin' at my belt, and now, stranger, you can see them scalps
hangin' outside my lodge."

Jim raked the dying embers of the fire together as he finished his
story, and Donald, seeing that Betty was already asleep, bade the
genial half-breed "Good-night" and left them.  He looked first to see
that his horse was all right, then taking a couple of buffalo-skins
from one of the carts he spread them on the ground underneath, lay down
on them, and was soon fast asleep.  The air was cold, but in the West
it is quite common for travellers to sleep upon the prairie with a very
small quantity of covering; and though the thermometer may register
twenty below zero, they seldom take cold, but rise in the morning
invigorated by the cool air and the refreshing sleep which can be had
only by lying on the sod of the open prairie.

Donald was up early, but he found Betty and Jim astir when he returned
from looking after his horse, and in a short time breakfast was ready.
A hasty repast, and then the lodge was taken down and packed with the
bedding and cooking utensils on one of the carts.  The horses were
gathered in and harnessed one to each, and the long caravan was ready
to set out.  Each Indian pony drew a load of from five to eight hundred
pounds.  There were twenty carts well laden, and each pony was fastened
to the back of the preceding cart.  In the first sat Betty and the two
younger children; the two older boys and their father rode ponies, and
travelled up and down along the line urging the ponies onward.

Before commencing their journey Donald had an exciting experience.
They were about ready to set off when Jim called him over to look at a
horse he had to sell.  The beast was a heavily-built sorrel, and stood
with head drooping and a watery eye.

"He's a fine buffalo runner," said the half-breed.  "You see that
watery eye.  One day I was huntin' buffalo, and a mate of mine rode
this horse, and he was so excited he shot the horse through the eye."

"How much do you want for him?"

"One hundred and fifty dollars.  He's a fine buffalo runner.  He'll
take you over the ground in good shape.  Get up and try him."

Donald removed the saddle from his own horse and put it on the buffalo
runner.  The animal stood quietly until the stranger sprang into the
saddle, when, as if shot from a gun, he made a sudden bound and darted

Out and away over the prairie he flew at a terrific rate, rider and
horse apparently bent on some errand of life and death.

Onward, past bluff and coulee, they ran, the horse snorting and
galloping as if in hot chase after buffalo.  His rider tried to stop
him, clinging to the saddle lest he should buck him off, pulling at the
bridle, but all in vain.  The more he pulled the faster went the horse.
There was fire in his eye; the water no longer coursed down his face.
He held his head erect, and the old dreamy-looking animal was
transformed into a wild, daring creature, bold and free as wolves on
the prairie, and exultant in his strength and speed.

The perspiration streamed down Donald's face, and it was not until many
miles had been covered that the buffalo-runner slackened his speed or
appeared to think he had done his duty.

At last he gradually eased his pace, and no doubt in his mind's eye his
rider had killed some buffalo, and a good day's work had been done into
the bargain.  Fortunately Donald did not turn the horse's head
homeward, or he might have had a repetition of the same wild ride, from
which he might not have escaped so well.  Some hours afterwards Jim
overtook him, and was glad to find both horse and rider safe.

"Well, you had a hard ride."

"Yes, I would not care for another like it to-day," replied Donald.

"That's always like him.  Every time I've tried to sell him he's cut up
a trick like that.  I don't know what gets into his head.  Ye see, he
seems to think he's always chasing buffalo, and away he goes."

The two men sat down to wait until the train overtook them, and by the
time it arrived they were quite ready for something to eat.

As they were unharnessing the horses a flock of geese alighted on the
edge of the lake near, and Jim, seizing his rifle and taking aim,
brought down a goose at three hundred yards.  One of the boys ran down
and picked up the goose and brought it to his mother.  Under her
skilful hands it was soon plucked, and being cut in pieces was dropped
into the pot of water they had hung from the tripod of willow over a
fire of buffalo chips to boil.  All had been done with such rapidity
that within forty minutes of the moment when the goose had been killed
the men were eating it with that hearty relish only healthy appetites
can give.

Every member of the party was grateful that the adventure of the
morning had not terminated in an accident, as some had anticipated when
the watery-eyed horse had bolted, and they were consequently in
excellent spirits.

The meal ended, the men smoked their pipes together while the women
washed the dishes and repacked them in the wagon.  Donald saddled his
horse, and bidding his hospitable friends good-bye, mounted and rode


The village of Latona was situated on the banks of a beautiful river
which took its course in many winding curves and sharp turns from the
foot-hills of the Rocky Mountains until it emptied its waters into one
of the wider streams and broad water highways of the North-West.  The
river was navigable during the greater part of the year, but the
limited population, as well as the long monopoly of the trade by the
Honorable Hudson's Bay Company of Fur Traders, and its rival, the
North-West Company, had delayed enterprise in that direction.

The farms on which the French and English half-breed settlers lived had
been surveyed upon the French system, with a narrow frontage on the
bank of the river, and stretching back in a long strip until the
required area was covered.  This plan had the advantage of enabling the
owners of the land to build their houses in closer proximity to each
other.  In a new and sparsely settled country, and to a people of the
social disposition of the French, this advantage overbalanced the
obvious disadvantages.  The French prefer to share what they possess
with their friends and neighbors in social intercourse and festivity
rather than live comparatively alone until they have accumulated a
sufficient patrimony to be able to entertain without depleting
themselves of all they possess.  The result of this social disposition
at Latona was a general poverty and lack of all evidence of prosperity
in the town.

There was but one street, which ran its straggling length between the
scattered houses, and culminated at the one store, owned and managed by
the Hudson's Bay Company.  This thoroughfare was not kept particularly
clean; the inhabitants had not yet reached the stage of civilization
which includes municipal officials, or the raising of taxes to defray
the expenses of the paving of streets or making of roads.

Children of almost every age and size, fat, naked and dirty, played and
tumbled about the muddy roadway.  No town of the like size in Her
Majesty's dominions could boast of so large a juvenile population as
Latona.  They were not, however, all devoted to dirt and the muddy
street; many had careful, tidy mothers, who kept their children as neat
as their circumstances would permit.

Latona had one chapel, in which the genial priest, Père le Sueur,
ministered to his people.

It was Sunday morning, the freighting season was over, and the people
were at home in Latona.  Père le Sueur expected a large attendance at
mass, and he was not disappointed.  The chapel bell rang clear and
sweet, sounding far across the country and summoning the Indians who
were camped in the vicinity to assemble in the chapel, and so soon as
its pleasant tones had ceased to vibrate upon the morning air,
employees of the Hudson's Bay Company's establishment marched out to
attend the service and join their voices with the half-breeds and
Indians in prayer.

While the people were in the church no sound disturbed the quiet of the
village street save the occasional bark of an angry cur, excited by the
arrival of a horseman, who rode down the street looking to either side
as if in search of someone whom he was disappointed at not finding.

Judging by the absence of the people from their doors that they were
all in the chapel, he dismounted, tied his horse to a post outside, and
entered the sacred edifice.

The congregation was kneeling and following with devout attention the
prayers that were being offered up by the priest, as the stranger
slipped quietly into the first vacant seat and on bended knees added
his voice to their united responses.

The service over, our old friend Donald Mackton was about to loose his
horse and proceed on his journey when he was stayed by Jim Howsford's
outstretched welcoming hand.

"Come away to my shanty," said the hospitable half-breed, "I guess
there's grub and a shake-down fur ye thar."

Donald had intended putting up at the Company's post, but moved by the
recollection of the night he had spent with Jim on the prairie by the
Lone Pine, and the adventure of the morning ride, he decided to accept
the proffered hospitality and stay at Jim's shack.

The house, which its owner was wont to call his shanty or "shack," was
situated some distance from the chapel, and the road to it lay along
the river bank.  The walls were of hewn logs, the plan a single room
without any partitions to divide the sleeping from the living
apartments.  It was about twenty by thirty feet in size, and contained
a table and stove in the centre and beds ranged as a sort of bunk
around the sides.

Betty greeted Donald with a smile, and busied herself at once in
preparing dinner.  The children were too shy to speak, but the smiles
they exchanged with each other, as well as the furtive glances bestowed
on the stranger, betrayed that they had not forgotten him.

Dinner in the house was of a better description than the one served in
the lodge under the Lone Pine.  There was abundance of the staple of
both, the delicious buffalo meat, together with venison, potatoes and
cabbage, with bread, milk and tea.  The healthy climate and constant
out-door exercise give the people excellent appetites, and provide them
with good digestions; the plainest food is eaten with a relish such as
is not often experienced in cities and towns.

Donald did full justice to Betty's cooking and providing, and could not
help praising her skill in the art of cookery.  Betty smiled; she was
too shy to enter into any conversation, but was pleased at being

When Donald and Jim had finished their dinner, the children and a
number of relatives who had assembled to share Jim's hospitality
gathered around the table, a motley group, as hungry as famished bears.
Needless to say, they soon devoured the remnants of the meal.

Jim and Donald were joined presently by the neighbors, who dropped in
one by one to see and hear what news the stranger had brought.  Jim was
a genial host and a great favorite in the village.  The half-breeds are
nearly all of English or Scotch parentage, with a small sprinkling of
French, and it is a curious fact that the Irish and German are so
seldom met with, that in a large community or colony of men of the
mixed races, one might count them on the fingers of one hand.

The men were all dressed alike, and presented a picturesque
appearance,--fancy colored shirts, coats and vests trimmed with brass
buttons, gaudy-colored sashes wound about their waists, a pair of dark
pants, moccasins embroidered with beads or porcupine quills, leggings
reaching from the knee downward, also ornamented with beads, and a
fire-bag with fancy figures wrought upon it hung from the belt formed
by the sash.  A few wore rings in their ears, and all were armed with a
large knife stuck in a leathern or beaded sheath.  They were all
peaceable men, with a vein of humor in their disposition, and prepared
to take life easy.  No concern for the morrow troubled them; they were
happy in the enjoyment of the present.

The older men among them gathered in a group about Donald and Jim to
discuss the prospects of the freighting season, the results of the
recent buffalo-hunt, or the latest rumors of the battle that had been
fought between the Crees and the Blackfeet Indians.  From such topics
of general interest it was not long before they drifted into others of
a more individual or personal nature, until they all in turn had
related some adventure and narrow escape, some victory they had won, or
incidents of the great dances they had attended when they were young.

Meanwhile the younger members of the company had separated into various
groups, and were sitting upon the floor engaged in other amusements.
The one which had the greatest number of votaries was cards.  From the
serious expression of their faces it was not all amusement.  Rings,
tobacco, fire-bags and knives were deposited in a heap in their midst
and it was evident that they were gambling.  Donald inquired the cause
of such desecration of the day, but the men looked at him in surprise
and said that Sunday was over.

Donald had been trained in the Puritan ways of his ancestors, and in
spite of the rough life of the prairies, still clung to the teaching of
his pious parents.  It was not always easy to do so, but he often
managed to enter a mild protest which had the effect of lessening the
evil and increasing the respect in which he was held by the old-timers.

Upon the approach of night the company departed, and Donald, stretching
his saddle-blanket and bear-skin on the floor, made a very comfortable
bed for himself.  All the occupants of the house slept on the floor in
the one-roomed house, a temporary partition being provided by a blanket
hung on a rope and stretched across one portion of it.  This was in
consideration of the presence of the white stranger.

Donald intended to return across the prairie the following day, and
knowing there were hostile Indians about, many of them being just at
that time in an unsettled state, he desired to secure companions for
the journey.

Jim Howsford, however, wished him to remain to a feast that he had
announced his intention of giving.  Donald refused, as he wished to get
away as soon as possible, but when he found that the attractions of the
feast would prevent any success in inducing the Indians or half-breeds
to accompany him he was obliged to remain.

Donald spent the day by the river shooting, and succeeded in bagging a
goodly number of ducks, geese and prairie chickens.

In the evening the half-breed guests arrived early to the feast: they
had put on their holiday attire and were evidently prepared to enjoy
themselves.  While the men sat or lounged about and smoked, the women
cooked.  When at last supper was ready, and the well cooked and
tempting dishes were set before them, they were hungry enough to eat
with the zest and enjoyment of famished men who had reached a region of
plenty after a season of dearth and starvation.

When their appetites were satisfied, not by any means a speedy
performance, the company cleared the floor, and the fiddles being
called into requisition, the dance began.  Seated on low stools against
the wall these musicians lent all their energy to providing both time
and tune to further the fun and encourage the dancers.  The old people
looked on while the younger ones danced, and applauded any especial
performance with great appreciation and excitement.  When any of the
company manifested unusual skill they recounted similar feats of
agility which they had witnessed in their early days.  The dance
continued for several hours, then the guests sat down to a repetition
of the feast of good things.  This gave them renewed strength for the
dance, which was again indulged in with the same animation as at the

Donald remarked with surprise the familiarity manifested among the men
and women, and the apparent unconcern of the old people at the
excessive gaiety of the younger members of the party.  The women sat on
their lovers' knees when they stopped to rest from the dance, and when
his host introduced one of the young girls to Donald, she immediately
implanted a kiss on his cheek.  It was evidently the etiquette of the
half-breed code of manners, and in their eyes no more familiar than the
handshake of more reticent races.

The dance showed no sign of abatement as the night reached far into the
morning hours, and Donald lay down to rest.  He slept soundly, and when
he awoke some hours later he thought he must be dreaming, for the sound
of music and dancing was still going on.  He raised his head and found
it was no dream.  While many lay around and about him on the floor
sleeping, others were still dancing with energy and excitement
apparently unabated.  The festivities were thus kept up in relays of
votaries for a week without any cessation.  While the exhausted ones
slept those who had snatched a few hours' sleep returned to the dance
and the feasting, and not until the last haunch of buffalo had been
eaten did the company disperse to their own homes.

No persuasions could induce any of the men to leave while the
festivities lasted, and it was not until they were ended and some
hours' rest had been taken that Donald secured the services of a Stoney
Indian and a half-breed named Baptiste la Roche for the trip to

Donald procured a good supply of pemmican, tea, sugar, flour and a few
minor necessaries for their journey, thinking it wiser to take this
precaution than to trust to being supplied by the way with the guns of
the party.  He had no desire to run the risk of starvation or of
attracting the notice of hostile Indians.

The party had three pack-horses beside the horses they rode, and these
were likely to delay the speed of their journey to Brisbane to some

Jim was loud in his expression of thanks to Donald for staying at his
house and taking part in the feast, and many invitations to come again
to the village were given him by both the host and his guests.

The whole village population turned out to see the travellers start and
to wish them good luck, the curé adding his wishes for Donald's
prosperity and safe keeping while crossing the prairie.  The cultured
priest had enjoyed some hours of conversation with Donald during his
stay in the village, and parted with him with regret.  There had been
mutual esteem and pleasure in their short intercourse, each enjoying
the rare opportunity of discussing topics belonging to the more
literary, scientific and advanced civilized world.

Père le Sueur was not an exception in devotion to the cause of
missionary effort.  In that distant field there were many like him who
had received the most cultured training in the Roman Catholic and
Protestant faith the universities of Canada, Great Britain or France
were able to provide.  Separated by many miles from men of their own
nation and class, dwelling in camps, associating with half-breeds,
travelling with Indians, teaching school in the lodges, nursing the
sick, praying with the dying and counselling the maturer minds of
hunters and warriors, these men of talent performed their duties
cheered by the consciousness of duty done and the assurance that their
toil would receive recognition in due time.  They had no expectation of
earthly reward; time and all the vanities of the world were to them
unreal things, while the spiritual and eternal were esteemed all that
were worth striving for in this life.  Imbued with this spirit Père le
Sueur was happy in his work and surroundings.  Yet though content to
dwell among the ignorance, idleness and filth of a half-breed and
Indian settlement, he was grateful for every opportunity of hearing and
talking of the latest inventions and discoveries made in a world from
which he had been absent for eighteen years.  Donald never forgot the
tale of devotion manifested by the life of the priest of Latona.

His men had set out before him and were some miles on the way before
Donald overtook them.  Baptiste la Roche, the half-breed, was a fine,
handsome fellow, a good hunter and noted marksman.  He had been loath
to leave Latona so soon after the feast, and it was only by promising a
liberal reward that Donald had been able to induce him to accompany
him.  He could speak French, English, Cree and Blackfoot, and seemed to
be perfectly familiar with the idioms of each of these languages.  The
Indian was also a fair type of his race, the Stoneys, or, as they
should be called, the Assiniboines,--the name signifying the people who
cook their food on hot stones.  The tribe is a branch of the Sioux.

Bearspaw was true to those who employed and trusted him, and could be
relied upon implicitly to serve their best interests.  A man of light
build and lithe, quick movements, he was brave and looked upon by his
tribe as invincible.  As leader of war parties he had never been
defeated in battle, nor had he ever turned his back on a foe, and his
warriors, animated by his ability and courage as a leader, had followed
him to victory in all their skirmishes on the plains.

The three men were well armed; each carried a Winchester rifle, a large
knife, a revolver and a belt with cartridges.  They were thus prepared
for any emergency.

It was late in the afternoon when the party started.  They wished to
reach a spot in a wood where there was a good camping ground, about
twenty miles distant, before night.  To accomplish this they had to
ride fast, but were not able to make great speed owing to the necessity
of attending to the pack-horses.  Intent upon reaching their
destination and the shelter of the wood before the sun went down, the
party rode in silence.  It was dusk when they at last drew rein, and
after casting a sharp glance around to see that the ground was clear
and no trace of enemies visible, they dismounted, loosened the packs,
hobbled the horses and made a fire.

Donald lay on his saddle-blanket while Baptiste and Bearspaw bustled
about preparing the supper.  There was no delay in arranging the table,
and seated upon the grass the tired men ate heartily of the pemmican,
slap-jacks and strong black tea.

"Good evening, gentlemen!" said a bronzed-faced man who alighted from
his horse as he spoke.  He had approached so quietly that the greeting
startled Donald, and he laid his hand on his revolver.  The Indian's
face betrayed no knowledge or surprise, although with the keen hearing
of the native he must have known of the stranger's proximity.

"Good evening," replied Donald.  "Will you sit down and have some
supper with us?  We have enough and will be glad to have your company."

"Thank ye, friends.  Don't mind if I do.  I'm hungry and I never refuse
a kindness from a stranger."

"Which way are you travelling?" asked Donald, presently, when the
new-comer had shown by the way he devoured the food set before him that
he had fasted some time.  "You seem to be tired."

"Well, yes, I was gone a good bit, an' I don't exactly know where I'll
turn up before I'm done.  Ye see, I have not had good luck with my

"Which way have you been that you have been so unfortunate?  Surely the
game is not scarce at this time of the year."

"Wall, no, I guess there's lots o' furs, but the Indians haven't been
very civil this year, an' when I get ahead some o' the rascals steal my
cache, an' then I have to begin all over again.  I've been along the
foot o' the mountains an' followed an old Stoney trail for a while, but
ye see I'm gettin' old an' I guess some o' these days I'll have to pass
in my checks, and then it'll be all over with Jim Carrafell."

The old trapper's appearance did not belie his words, and Donald had
not much difficulty in persuading him to join his party.

They sat for some time around the fire, smoking and talking, Donald and
Jim Carrafell exchanging experiences, Baptiste and Bearspaw talking in
the monologues peculiar to the Indian.  When the night fell thick about
the camp the men rolled themselves in their blankets, turned their feet
to the fire, and with their saddles for pillows were soon asleep.  They
knew that during the early part of the night no Indian would venture to
attack them, yet they slept with hands on their revolvers and guns
within reach, so that if molested they were ready to meet the foe.

The sleepers, however, were not disturbed, and at the first break of
dawn the Stoney was up and looking to see that the horses were safe.
To cook and eat their breakfast, gather the stuff together and set out
occupied little time.  Nothing eventful occurred during the day, they
met no Indians, saw but few buffalo.  An odd timber wolf cast sinister
glances at them as they rode past, or occasional coyotes slunk away
with drooping tail at their approach, but nothing of more importance
broke the monotony of the day's ride.  The evening was but a repetition
of the night before.

When they reached the halting place and camped one evening about sixty
miles from their destination, Donald learned with consternation that
the provisions were exhausted.  He had brought what he considered
abundance for the trip, even when allowance was made for the addition
to their number by the arrival of Jim Carrafell, and he was surprised
that the supply should so soon be gone.  It was a new experience to
Donald, though not an uncommon one in the lives of many travellers with
such parties.  The half-breed had feasted, eating enough for three men,
as if he believed that he should lay in a stock of food that would
sustain him for a week.

The Indian, with the instinct of his race, started ahead of the party
the next morning to levy supplies from the prairies with his gun, and
was successful in shooting enough duck, geese and rabbits to keep them
from starving.

It was dark when they rode into the village of Brisbane, but the
half-breeds and Indians who formed the principal part of the population
were abroad to welcome them.

Donald paid his men and dismissed them, having decided to remain over a
few days in the town.

The half-breed went to the house of one of his relatives, where he was
received with open arms.  There he stayed for a week, enjoying his
friend's hospitality, and without giving a thought to his home.  Happy
and careless, a true son of the soil, he was heedless of anything or
anyone while he had enough to eat and drink, and was blessed with a
fiddle and a friend.

Bearspaw was of a more dignified nature and appearance.  He rode slowly
through the village to the lodge where one of his tribe lived, and
entered quietly, assured of a welcome by the native courtesy and
hospitality that ever are characteristic of the Indian races.  He
talked soberly, without any such demonstrative excitement as was
noticeable in the demeanor of the half-breed; made inquiry after the
welfare of the people and of the changes which had taken place among
the families since he left them.  When they told him of death in the
camp he said nothing, and as they related the successes his people had
met with in the hunting expeditions, he was silent.  Bearspaw was
sympathetic in both their sorrow and joy, but the training of camps had
made him, like all the other members of his tribe and race, the master
of his emotions.

Then they told him that the messenger of death had come to his own
lodge three nights before and stricken down his eldest son, a young lad
and the pride of his father's heart; but Bearspaw still sat motionless,
uttering no word.  It would seem as if they had been speaking of
another.  Courage died out of their hearts; they had spoken, they now
sat silent.

Presently, with no sign of haste, the bereaved father rose from his
place in the lodge, and without a word departed.  His horse was still
fastened to the pole at the entrance of the lodge, but Bearspaw seemed
as if he saw him not.  His heart bore too heavy a burden to think of
aught but his sorrow.  Looking neither to the right nor left he strode
onward until he reached a dense wood outside the precincts of the
village.  He thought not of possible danger; his hand was not laid on
his knife as it would have been at ordinary times.  Why should he go
thence?  Why leave his friends?  Upon what mission is he bent?  Wearied
with his long journey does he seek rest?

Alas! no.  His heart is very heavy with grief, and he must leave the
haunts of men to seek relief for his wounded spirit.  Converse with the
gods alone can bring peace.  Hidden from the eye of men he throws
himself upon the ground in an agony of spirit.  Hero of a hundred
battles, his lodge decked with scalp-locks, the story of his valor
written in pictures on the walls--valor that had never been exceeded by
any that had been told before--the man who had never been defeated lay
prone upon the ground, vanquished by this blow.  He shed no tears,
uttered no cry, but groaned in the bitterness of his grief.  Then on
the midnight air the plaintive notes of the wail for the departed fell
soft and sad, the coranach of his race, the father wailing for his dead
son, calling on his name, repeating it again and again in the curious
pathetic monotone peculiar to the Indian.

When the day dawned and the night of grief was passed, Bearspaw
returned in sadness to his lodge, and the women with dishevelled hair,
bare feet and torn and tattered garments, bewailed the dead until the
season of mourning was expired.

Life is sad in every clime; to every camp or home death comes.  In the
midst of peace, prosperity and joy sorrow falls, our loved ones are
taken from us, and the world to us seems empty, valueless and of little

Bearspaw never mentioned his son's name; his grief was silent, but his
hair grew whiter and deeper furrows marked his brow, telling better
than any lamentations how great had been his loss.


Donald Mackton had spent some days in Brisbane, and was preparing to
leave and set out again on his travels when he met Peter Daniels.  A
new acquaintance in the far West was an event of some importance, and
worth something in those days.  Friends were few and far between, and
the chance acquaintance of to-day might be the helpful friend of the

Peter Daniels was a tall man, of an aristocratic appearance indicative
of better days.  He was dressed in the usual suit of buckskin, but his
jacket was more elaborately ornamented with colored porcupine quills
than was common; his pants were made of moose-skin and the leggings
worn over them from the knee downward were very handsomely embroidered
with beads; his moccasins were also richly worked by the deft hands of
an Indian woman.  The wide sombrero hat, such as is worn by the Mexican
or Montana cowboy, completed his costume.  He spoke the pure English of
an educated man, yet his face betrayed unmistakable signs of a
predilection for strong drink in the past, if not at the present time.

Peter was a rare character.  He posed as a literary man among his
companions, and expressed his intention of one day writing a history of
the country, one that would include an autobiography.

Donald, as we have said, was something of a scholar, and the pleasure
of meeting an educated man out in the wilds was sufficient attraction
to induce him to prolong his stay in Brisbane.  After a short chat in
the store, Donald was easily persuaded to pay him a visit in his own
house.  He found the place an old log building, sadly in need of
repair; but this did not seem to trouble its occupant at all.  Donald
went in and spent several hours in pleasant conversation with his host.

"You have been several years in the country, Mr. Daniels, I
understand?" said Donald, presently.

"Well, yes; I have spent about twelve years in this particular

"You evidently have been enamored of the people, the climate or the
manner of life, that you have remained so long?"

"Well, sir, I can hardly tell you why I have stayed, or what has been
the particular attraction.  I am hard to please, yet there is something
in this country which induces a man to forego many of the benefits of
civilization for the free and easy life possible on these western

"You were not brought up to this kind of life, I can see very well,"
replied Donald.

"No, I am an Englishman.  I was educated at Eton and Oxford.  After I
left college, I took a fancy to see the world."

"You have come a long way to see it."

"Yes.  And yet I have been well repaid.  I have spent five or six
thousand pounds since I came here, but that is nothing when you think
of all the experience I have gained.  If I had lived in England I
should have spent much more and not have known half the things I do
now.  We have all to pay for our knowledge, and of course I am no
exception to the rule.  My rich friends at home would be shocked to see
me in this shack or dressed in this fashion, but I am happy, and that
is the chief thing in life.  It matters little where you are or what
you are doing if you are happy.  I hope some day to relate my
experiences and publish them, and that will be full compensation for
all the hardships of this kind of life."

"I hope so," replied Donald, slowly.

"You appear to doubt it, my friend, but I have learned much, and as it
has cost me a great deal, I think, and not without sufficient reason,
that I ought to be able to recount my experiences in an entertaining
manner.  If I succeed, they are sure to bring me some compensation for
the trouble."

"I do not doubt that," said Donald; "what I thought was that the labor
will be too great and the hardships too severe for the reward to be
adequate.  The isolation, the privations, the absence of all the
luxuries of life, the loss of friends and the monotony of prairie
life--is not this too much to give for all the wealth and fame the
world is able to bestow in one short life?"

"That is true to you, perhaps, but we are not all made alike, and
nothing could please me more than to spend my life for the benefit of
others, in relating to my fellowmen the adventures of the last few

To write a book was evidently Mr. Daniels' highest ambition, as it has
been the worthy desire of many nobler men.

"Your life has been spent chiefly among the Indians, I suppose," said

"Indians and half-breeds," replied Daniels.

"Which of the two types of men do you find the better?" asked Donald.
"Are not the former finer men than the latter?"

"Just the opposite.  I have spent most of my time while in the country
among the half-breeds, and have gleaned so much of their history and
entered so fully into their spirit that I look upon the race as one of
the noblest on the face of the earth."

"Your experience differs from mine, then."

"Perhaps so, but you will pardon me if I say that possibly mine has
been larger and more varied than yours, and that being the case, I am
better able to speak authoritatively on the question.  I do not often
mention the facts of my own life in this relation, but it is sometimes
necessary in order to throw light upon the matter, and I will tell you
as briefly as possible the reasons for my belief in the nobility of
character in the race."

"Thank you; it will be a pleasure to me to listen to what you say,"
said Donald, smiling.

"About fourteen years ago," began Daniels, "my father called me into
his study and told me he had decided to send me out to America.  He
would give me a few thousand pounds to enable me to start life there
well and make an independent living.  I was very willing to fall in
with his views, as nothing pleased me better than the thought of
hunting in the far West.  A few days later he placed a cheque for two
thousand pounds in my hand and bade me make all necessary arrangements
for my journey.  There was nothing much to be seen in Montreal, so I
cashed my cheque when I arrived there and pushed on to the West, which
I reached in the course of some weeks in the company of several
adventurers like myself.  The first years were spent in the village of
Latona, where I made the acquaintance of the half-breeds, and learned
to respect them.  I found many honest and plucky men among them.  There
was Jack Sutherland, a Scotch half-breed, true as steel; no prouder man
than he ever stood in a mansion.  Let me tell you of him; his story
will serve as well as another to illustrate what I want to prove."

"Go on," said Donald, "I'm all ears."

"Jack was one of the employees of the Hudson's Bay Company, who had
been sent from one of the northern posts to the Company's post at
Latona.  He was a quiet fellow, reserved and proud, conscious of his
strength and superior skill with a rifle, but no boaster.  He was as
much at home in a canoe on the lake or river as on a horse on the
prairie.  He dined at the long table in the Fort, but lived in a small
house by himself that was situated just within the walls of the Fort.
There he had a small but well-chosen stock of books that had belonged
to his father, an officer of the Company.  These books were of the
right sort, and what was better, were often read.

"Jack was a very agreeable companion, full of information, and when
among his particular friends was fond of a joke.  He had all the canny
disposition of the Scotch race, with the instincts of the Indian.  He
was daring and hardy, yet seldom did anything of an extraordinary
nature, which may have arisen from his intense hatred of display.  I
knew the man well and learned to love him.

"Late one afternoon we were apprised by some of the Cree Indians that
there were Blackfoot Indians in the vicinity, and it would be well for
us to be on our guard.  We took all necessary precautions, but no
Indian appeared.

"Three or four days went by and we felt sure the Cree who brought the
tidings of the proximity of the Blackfeet must have been mistaken.  We
did not hear of any misdeeds, so we settled down again to our old ways
of living.

"The villagers were retiring to rest when a man rode down the street,
and called to a few stragglers who were still about that one of the
children of the Factor at the Fort was missing.

"The children had been playing together inside the walls of the Fort,
and unconscious of any danger had gone outside to pluck some of the
flowers growing there in rich profusion.  One of them, a girl of about
five years of age, lingered behind the others, and when they turned to
call her she had disappeared.  They searched for her, calling her
repeatedly, but all their efforts were fruitless.  Then they returned
to inform their parents.  All the employees were at once astir and
searching in every direction, but without success.

"The mother was distracted and the father wild with grief and

"The news spread quickly and the villagers joined in the search.  They
rode along the river bank and scoured the prairie in the darkness, but
could find no trace of the missing child.  For several days they
continued to search the country hoping to find her, but without success.

"Amongst those who had travelled far and near in prosecuting the search
there was one who had not been numbered.  About a month before this sad
occurrence the Factor had used some strong language in talking to Jack
Sutherland, and it was well known that the half-breed had been
indignant and had felt the reprimand keenly.

"Jack had not joined the party of searchers, and no one had seen him
since the night on which little Annie MacKenzie had disappeared.
Inquiries elicited the fact that he had been seen repairing his saddle
upon the morning of the day in question, but no one remembered having
seen him later.  Had he taken revenge upon the chief of the Fort, done
away with the child and then decamped?

"Everyone knew the Scotch half-breed as an honest, kind-hearted man,
and it was hard to believe that he could be guilty of such a crime;
still the fact remained, he could not be found.  His room was unswept,
the door unlocked, articles of clothing left lying about, all evidence
of a hurried departure.  This seemed corroborative of the suspicion
that he had either stolen the child or put it to death.

"Factor MacKenzie offered a reward of ten of his best horses to anyone
giving a clue by which the half-breed might be traced and the truth

"Jack had too many friends at the Fort and in Latona for anyone to
undertake this mission.  Men and women were all anxious and willing to
search for the child, but not one among them could be induced to start
in pursuit of Jack Sutherland.  Finding there was no response to his
offer of reward the Factor determined to set out on the search himself.
Two of the most trusted of the officials were to accompany him, well
armed, lest they should meet with opposition in securing the fugitive.
Their outfit was got ready and arrangements made for a lengthened
absence from the Fort.

"The Factor and his men were sitting late discussing their plans for
the following day, when a knock at the door interrupted the
conversation, and a stranger was introduced.

"Pierre le Jeunne had heard of the Factor's loss, and had come a long
distance that he might offer his services to search for the child.  He
professed to know the country well, and had not the least doubt that he
would be successful in finding Jack Sutherland and bringing back his
scalp to claim the reward.  His eyes sparkled with an evil light as he
uttered the name of the absent half-breed.

"Pierre was a daring fellow, a native of the plains, a French
half-breed with some Spanish blood in his veins.  He lived in one of
the native settlements, and as soon as he heard of the calamity at the
Fort had at once started for Latona.

"The Factor saw by the determined manner of the man that he was in
earnest, and learning that he and Jack were old-time enemies, he felt
that there was better chance of successful pursuit being made by him
than by himself and his officers.  They were not prepared by
familiarity with the ways and tactics of the Indians, as this French
half-breed was, to cope with the difficulties of encounter with hostile
bands, and though very anxious to prosecute the search for the lost
child they felt that it would be unwise to run into danger

"Long and anxiously they talked over their schemes and plans, the
trails to be followed, the hope of gaining the object and the
compensation to be given Pierre le Jeunne for his help.  At last the
terms were agreed upon, Pierre was given a good supply of food and
tobacco, and it was agreed that the Factor should wait several days
until sufficient time had been given the half-breed to let them know in
some manner whether he had been successful in his undertaking.

"Bidding them good morning, for the talk had lasted through the night,
Pierre set out, and turned his horse's head toward the south.  There
was a determined, evil expression on the man's face as he rode along,
while a faint smile of satisfaction long delayed lingered about his
eyes and mouth.  He was in quest of his enemy, and now supported by the
strong arm of the law he was at last to have his revenge.

"Keeping a sharp lookout for straggling parties of Indians he sped on,
covering many miles but meeting with no adventure during the first day.

"On the second day, after fording a river he crossed the plains until
he came to a stone of a peculiar kind that was lying on the ground.
Dismounting beside it he took some tobacco from his saddle-bag and
threw it down near the stone.  This was one of the massive meteorites
which the Indians are in the habit of visiting and offering sacrifices
to.  The half-breed having made his offering stood awhile muttering his
petitions, asking for protection on his journey and success in his

"After waiting a few minutes and receiving no response from the oracle,
he remounted and continued his journey.  Upon the fourth day he entered
the country of the Blackfoot tribe, and turned aside to visit the Lone
Pine.  There were many offerings laid at its foot and strewn about on
the ground.  Pierre threw down his gifts of tobacco and waited for a
response to his prayer.  Presently a low murmur fell upon his ear, like
the sound of distant thunder.  He looked upward to the sky, but it was
clear.  He scanned the horizon and the low bushes growing near, but
could discern nothing, neither human beings nor animals.  In an anguish
of superstition he threw himself upon the ground, hopeless of success,
for there seemed to be opposition to him and his mission from some
unknown quarter.

"As he lay motionless the sounds increased.  He pressed his ear close
to the ground and listened.  Fear took possession of the half-breed
warrior's heart.  He had oftentimes gone forth to battle without fear
and had returned victorious; but now he was afraid, and not without

"The sound he heard was the dull thud of horses' hoofs upon the
prairie.  He was alone in an enemy's country, and unable to cope with
them should they prove to be numerous.

"Grasping the bridle he led his horse into the thickest part of the
bush, and there, hidden from view, he lay and watched the advance of
the horsemen.  In a few moments a solitary rider dashed past, followed
at some little distance by several Indians, who were yelling wildly and
shooting at random.  Pierre recognized some of his friends among the
latter, and emerging from his hiding-place shouted to them, calling
them by name.  They turned a moment, sufficient to learn who he was,
and then continued their pursuit of the solitary horseman.

"As he dashed past the Lone Pine this rider flung his offering down,
and as if inspired by fresh courage and hope, grasped more firmly a
bundle which lay across his saddle before him.  Maintaining an even,
steady gait, yet one of great speed, he succeeded in keeping in advance
of his pursuers."

[Illustration: "He grasped mure firmly a bundle which lay across his

"As darkness fell the Indians slackened their pace, and at last ceased
to follow, and the sound of their horses' feet being no longer heard,
the man left the trail and sought a safe hiding-place for the night.
Carefully depositing his burden he sat down to watch; he dare not
sleep, although he was obliged to rest.

"Before the sun rose in the morning he was again on his journey
northward.  He saw no sign of his pursuers, but he knew he was not
safe, so pressed onward with all the haste his horse could accomplish.
Through rivers and creeks he rode heedless of danger.  He was nearing
his journey's end faint with hunger, hard riding and loss of sleep.
His horse, too, was jaded, yet conscious of danger, and hopeful at last
of rest, pressed on without any urging from his master.

"But a few miles and home is gained.  Yonder, looming up on the
prairie, are the Fort and houses of the village of Latona.

"Whiz! whiz!  Two bullets in rapid succession pass the rider, who, at
the sound of their coming, has bent low, leaning forward to protect the
bundle on his knee.

"The Indians have followed, and are on his track.  Madly they ride,
fearful of losing their prize.  The blood is trickling down the horse's
side and his strength is well-nigh spent.

"From the Fort their approach has been seen and eager eyes are watching
the chase.  The pursuers are gaining, the pursued is wounded, and
evidently in sore straits.

"But he wins, and as he dashes into the Fort the watchers see the
bundle on his knee and shout:

"'Pierre le Jeunne!  Pierre le Jeunne!  He has found the child!  He has
found the child!'

"'Pierre!' cried the Factor, as he took his lost and now restored
darling from the man's outstretched arms.

"But the faltering words that met him were not spoken by the lips of
the French half-breed.  It was Jack Sutherland who reeled and would
have fallen from his saddle had not ready hands caught him.  They
carried him into the Factor's room at the Fort, and every care was
bestowed upon him, but he was wounded to the death.  His lips move.
What is he saying?  They bend to listen.

"'I have saved her!  She is safe!  Thank God!'

"The Factor's eyes were dim.  The man he had doubted, who he believed
would revenge so cruelly the slight given him, had saved his child from
a fate that was worse than death.  And now he was dying, his life given
for the life of the child.  He had preserved the peace and happiness of
the home of the man who had insulted him and believed evil of him.

"Jack lingered a day or two before the end came.  Meanwhile Pierre le
Jeunne had returned.  It was toward evening when, opening his eyes and
seeing his old enemy standing sullen by the door, the stricken man held
out his hand with a smile.

"'She is safe!' he said faintly, and died.  The great soul of the
half-breed, the child of the plains, had gone to its reward."

Donald left Brisbane a few days later.  He never met Peter Daniels
again, but in his eastern home, years after, when, surrounded by boys
and girls, he told them tales of the West, the one most in favor among
them was the story of the Lone Pine and the rescue of little Annie
MacKenzie, the Factor's child, by brave Jack Sutherland.


Under the shadow of the Rocky Mountains the wandering tribes of Bloods
and Blackfeet roamed free and happy in the days of yore.  The prairie
gods looked down and smiled upon the dwellers in the painted lodges,
and the smiles brought peace and plenty to their dusky wards.  Over the
prairie lay the huge stones, remnants of the mighty rock which in the
distant past had chased the Old Man of the Mountains, determined to
punish him for his cruel ways.  The strangely-shaped trees that fringed
the river, the lonely mounds that stood as sentinels on the prairie,
and these large rocks were now the stopping-places of the prairie gods.
To these sacred relics the pious natives oftentimes repaired, and with
earnest supplications made sacrifices to their spirit friends.

Mastwena, an aged warrior, on bended knee besought help for his kindred
in a time of sorrow.  As he laid his gifts upon the ground and prepared
to depart, there came a voice that spoke of woe in the land of the
south.  Silently he arose and went toward the lodges, with downcast
head and troubled breast.

It was dark when he entered his lodge, and his friends saw not the
sorrow that clouded his face.  The moments were few which he spent in
slumber.  Long before the sun had risen Mastwena left his couch and
sought again the sacred spot.  As his lips parted once more in earnest
prayer, the voice again was heard telling of desolation and woe.  With
a heavy heart he left the place of sacrifice and wandered out upon the
prairie, dreaming of the coming sorrow that should visit the people of
the plains.  There came no messenger to relieve him of his grief.  The
day wore on, and evening found him again among his people.  Four days
he repeated his visit to the Stone of Sacrifice, only to hear the
spirit prophet repeat the revelation so full of mystery and darkness to
his soul.

The lodge fires were burning brightly upon the evening of the fourth
day, as with song and dance the hearts of both young and old were
filled with joy.  The quick beating of the medicine drums told that the
young men were amusing themselves at some of their native games, and
the gambler's laugh was occasionally heard as he gathered in the prizes
he had won.  In one of the lodges a band of men and women were
celebrating a tea dance.  Half intoxicated with the large quantities of
tea which they drank, they were singing and shouting with savage glee.
The old men were relating their war-like deeds, and the young men were
passing jokes upon each other.  The whole camp indeed was full of life,
for they had abundance of food and clothing, and the prairie gods had
smiled upon them, bringing health and peace to young and old.

In the midst of this jollity a young man, haggard and weary, came
running slowly into the camp.  As he made toward the lodge where the
aged Mastwena dwelt, he fell to the ground from sheer exhaustion.

Mastwena was standing near, confidently waiting for the approach of
some messenger who should unravel the mystery of the Stone of
Sacrifice, and as the young man fell he knelt beside him, raised him
gently in his strong arms, and carried him into his lodge.

He bade his wife and daughter tend him, and as they nursed the young
man back to life again, and beheld the strength and color of youth
returning, they rejoiced exceedingly.  Mastwena said little but gazed
often upon the countenance of the young man, and his eye sparkled as
some new thought flashed upon his mind.  Anxiously he watched and
waited to put questions to the invalid youth, but betrayed no signs of
his uneasiness.

One evening as the old man sat quietly in his lodge, conversing with
his wife and daughters, the patient looked up as if desirous of

"Speak, young man," said Mastwena, "our ears shall listen patiently to
all you have to say."

The young man, encouraged by the words, said: "I am a Cree Indian, and
my name is Pekan."

"Speak on, I am listening," said Mastwena, for the chief knew the Cree
tongue and understood what the young man said.

Pekan continued: "Three weeks ago I left my home in the north and came
south intending to steal some horses from the Blackfoot camp.  When I
reached the Blackfoot country I found the camps so well guarded that
there was no chance of getting what I sought.  I kept journeying
southward in the hope of finding some camp unprotected, but was
disappointed, and so made up my mind to return home.  I laid myself
down to rest, praying to my guardian spirit for protection and
guidance.  The sun had risen when I prepared to depart, and as I looked
over the prairie, I saw three young men in the distance riding toward
the south.  When they had ridden together for a little while I saw them
get off their horses and kneel down upon the ground.  In front of them
was a large stone, and as I saw them kneel and bow their heads, I knew
that they were praying to the gods.  I watched them carefully, and soon
perceived that they were young men belonging to the Blackfoot tribe.  I
dared not advance, for they were well armed, so I contented myself with
remaining in my place of safety, sheltered by some brush in one of the

"As the young men were performing their devotions a dark cloud passed
over the sun, and strange noises broke out in the air.  They arose
terror-stricken, and attempted to flee, but found they were chained to
the spot.  They beat their horses, but could not make them stir.  The
cloud passed away, and then they turned their horses' heads toward the
north, to return home; but an evil spirit had entered the animals, and
they fled toward the south.  The young men tried to throw themselves
from their saddles, but they were held firmly upon them by some demon
of the air.  They prayed and cried for help, but no good spirits came
to their assistance.  Horses and riders rushed wildly into the country
of the Crow, Gros Ventres and Sioux Indians.  I followed them in haste,
watching the frantic and useless efforts of the young men to return.  A
band of Crow Indians out hunting buffalo crossed their pathway, and as
they saw them madly riding, they gazed for a moment with wild surprise,
and then fled.  The very animals that roamed the prairies stood
enchanted with the wonderful vision, and forgot to flee.  My heart beat
quickly as I followed them at a distance and watched their mad flight.

"Onward they sped, half drunk with frenzy, riding here and there among
rocks, swamp and brush.  Suddenly they returned and fell anew before
the Stone of Sacrifice, praying earnestly for help, and studying the
strangely written characters traced upon the rocks.  I desired strongly
to go and warn them of their danger, but was sore afraid.

"Ofttimes had I heard old chiefs tell of the misdeeds of the prairie
gods, their hatred toward the Indians, and the terrible injuries they
were able to inflict, and I dreaded the results of this familiarity
with the spirit-book.  Many years ago a Cree chief held intercourse
with the spirits, and was able to do many things that no other chief
could do: but suddenly he disappeared from the camp and no one ever
afterward learned where he had gone.  These spirits are wonderful
beings, flying where they will and doing what they choose.  I like not
their company or friendship.  When I remembered the strange things
performed by the spirits I trembled for the safety of the young men.
One of their number, giving his horse to one of his comrades, advanced
to the stone and traced with his finger the wonderful writing which the
spirits had made thereon.  Whilst thus engaged his whole body was
seized with trembling, weird voices were heard in the air, the ground
shook with a violent tremor, and a feeling of helplessness took
possession of the group.  Earth and air were alive with spirits, a
grand assembly apparently having taken place.  The horses tried to
move, but the ground was enchanted, and the more earnestly they strove
to detach their feet from the soil, the stronger were they held

"Suddenly the sky was lighted up with a bright glow and the enchantment
apparently was at an end.  The riders knelt upon the ground and prayed,
and then remounted and rode off leisurely southward.  I followed them
at a distance, anxious to learn what would be the result of this
conference with the prairie spirits and the visit to the Writing
Stones.  Hungry and tired I sought rest and food among a clump of berry
bushes, intending to go on and see the end of the vision--for such it
seemed to me.

"How long I slept I do not know, so thoroughly exhausted was I, but
when I awoke the sun was shining brightly and I felt refreshed.  As I
half reclined, rubbing my eyes, I was startled with the report of
several guns at a short distance from me.  Rising quietly and making my
way through the brush, my knees smote each other and my heart sank
within me as I heard a rustling sound.  Looking up with gun in
readiness for the approach of an enemy, I saw my horse galloping off.
I had fastened him with a lariat to a small tree, but, startled by the
report of the guns, he had broken loose, and was now making off so
swiftly that I was unable to follow and recover him.  There I was,
afoot and in an enemy's country with strange Indians in the near
distance.  Arousing myself from the stupor into which I had fallen, I
peered through an opening in the brushwood and beheld the three young
men and their horses fallen to the ground.  Six Indians, whom I
perceived to be Gros Ventres, rode toward the place where they lay, and
speedily dispatched them.  Quickly dismounting they scalped them, and
then rode away after having taken their guns.  Evidently they had not
perceived my runaway horse, for they came not to the place where I lay

"When I found that everything was quiet, I carefully followed the
brushwood until I came near the spot where the bodies of the young men
lay.  They were still warm, but life was extinct.  Covering them
reverently and praying to the Great Spirit for his blessing, I turned
my feet homeward, hoping that I might recover my lost horse.  Four
nights was I upon the road without any food and but little rest.
Several times I fell to the ground and thought that I should die from
sheer weakness, but after much pain and fatigue, I reached the top of
the hill, from which I could easily see the curling smoke of your
lodges.  Life was of little consequence to me, so I made up my mind to
come to this camp, knowing that you could not do any more than kill me;
and here I am, and here, too, are the medicine bags belonging to the
young men," saying which he handed Mastwena three medicine bags which
the Gros Ventres had evidently overlooked in their hasty flight.  These
the old man at once recognized as belonging to the Blood Indians.

"Sad, sad was the day when the young men visited the Writing Stones,"
said Mastwena.  "I have told the young men of our camps never to go
there, as the spirits are angry with those who frequent their favored
haunts, but they heed me not.  Since I was a young man several of our
people have gone there to consult these writings, and evil has always
befallen our camps after one of these visits.  I have felt afraid ever
since I learned that the young men had gone from the camp, and now my
predictions have proved to be true."

He bowed his head in silence, while the women broke out into the
death-wail, which soon spread to the lodges of the relatives of the
young men.  The young Cree Indian remained in the camp until he was
strong enough to go home, when the aged Mastwena gave him a horse and
food for the journey, wishing him a safe return to the land of his

Many years have gone by since the young men visited the Writing Stones,
but whenever a hunting party is going out from the southern lodges the
aged people relate the story of Mastwena and the Cree youth, and the
present generation shun the place where the prairie spirits write upon
the rocks, believing, as they do, that sorrow, pain, and death will
follow the unhappy transgressor who seeks to solve the mysteries of the
spirit world.


Though known only by his Indian name, Akspine was one of the most
genial, cultured Englishmen one could meet anywhere.  He was born and
educated in good old Yorkshire, trained in the faith of his fathers,
and nursed by an honest and kind-hearted woman.  As he grew into a
fine, manly lad he attended the village school, was enthusiastic in his
studies, full of energy and always ready to help a lame comrade or to
seize any opportunity of doing good.  If there was a widow or an orphan
in the village, he was sure to devise some scheme to benefit that one,
so that he soon became noted as a helper of the needy.

There was an old Mother Swann in the village who eked out a precarious
living by taking in sewing.  Yet her poverty did not seem to make the
old lady unhappy; she always had a smile and a cheery word for every
passer-by.  A small patch of garden lay beside her cottage, but she
knew of no one whom she could ask to dig it for her: her friends were
far away, and the acquaintances who lived near were as poor and as
fully occupied as herself.  Every evening as she looked at it before
retiring to rest she wondered how to get her patch of ground made ready
for sowing.  In this meditative mood she bent her knee and thanked the
Lord for all His goodness and love, confessed her sins, prayed
earnestly for a deeper work of grace to be wrought in her heart, and
pled for a continuance of temporal blessings.

Wearied with toil at the close of a busy day, Mother Swann was soon
asleep, resting as only the honest poor rest who trust in God and are
content.  The old woman was grateful for the mercies given her, and not
covetous of those withheld and granted to her more prosperous neighbors.

The birds were singing merrily in the early morning when she awoke.
With a hymn of praise upon her lips she arose and dressed, read a
chapter in the old Book, and spent a short time in silent devotion.
Drawing the curtain aside from the window and looking out she was
surprised to see that a large portion of her garden plot had been dug
during the night.  Whether it had been done by the hand of man or of
angel she knew not, but it was a glad surprise, and a source of
bewilderment as well to the old woman.  Every morning for a week she
saw the work progress until it was finished, but without discovering
who were the busy toilers.  Some weeks afterwards she learned that a
Workers' Club had been organized at the village school for the purpose
of helping poor women and children.  Zest for the work was given by the
feeling that it was done in secret.  The lads found that there was as
much pleasure to be derived from playing useful pranks as by foolish or
cruel ones.  The promoter of this Workers' Club was Akspine.

In a miner's shack in Montana a young man lay on the floor, a group of
miners and cowboys bending over his inanimate body, rubbing and turning
him over on his face and using every means within their knowledge to
restore life.  For a long time their efforts were unavailing; but,
unwilling to give up, they continued while there remained a chance of
success.  At length faint signs of returning animation revived their
hopes, and redoubling their efforts they were at last rewarded by his
recovery.  The stranger who had risked his life to save the child of
one of the settlers on the ranch from drowning had won the hearts of
the miners and cowboys by his brave endeavor and pluck: hence no effort
was too great to make in order to restore him to life.

He had approached the river in the dusk of the evening and paused on
the bank seeking a ford.  As he sat his horse, gazing on the wildly
rushing stream, seeing no spot which might be crossed in safety, and
wondering what he should do, he heard a scream from the opposite shore,
and saw a woman wringing her hands as she ran down to the river,
crying, "My child! my child!"

To spring to the ground, throw off his coat and plunge into the
turbulent stream was the work of a moment.  The stranger struck out
boldly toward the child as it was being carried away by the swift
current.  Keeping his eye on the tiny bundle, the courageous swimmer
with almost superhuman effort made his way toward it, contending
manfully with the force of the waters which barred his progress.  The
few settlers, attracted by the mother's cries, drew near the river and
watched with breathless interest the battle for life.  It was a
terrible struggle, and the cowboys, as they ran along the bank with
hair streaming in the wind, their hearts beating in alternate hope and
fear, wondered whether the man or the river would gain the victory.
Meanwhile the swimmer had reached the middle of the stream, and with a
few powerful strokes overtook the precious bundle.  Grasping it with a
firm hold, he turned to the shore.  Anxious, praying hearts awaited
him, and willing, but powerless, hands were stretched out to his aid.
But the battle was not yet won; the force of the current carried him
down, the terror-stricken mother following with her cries.  He turned
and turned again, at each attempt winning a few yards nearer the shore,
but his strength was failing, though he still struggled bravely on.
The weight of his now saturated clothes, as well as of the child, was
dragging him under.  Alas! was he to give his life for nought?  Was he
to perish and not save the child?  Twice he sank, while the cries of
the woman rent the air.  Then as he arose once more to the surface, she
sobbed, "Thank God!"  Surely a kind Providence is watching over them
and guiding the man among the jutting rocks and crags, saving him from
being dashed upon the great boulders scattered along the bed of the
river.  Again he is nearing the shore, where men are waiting to grasp
him.  He sinks again.  O God!  Is it for the last time?  No!  A shout
from the people, then one more brave effort!  It is the last.  He holds
the child in his arms toward them, the men rush into the roaring waters
and seize and bear both to the land.

The mother's arms received the babe.  It is cold and apparently
lifeless, but the women know what to do; they carry it away, apply
restoratives, wrap it in warm flannels and rub the little body until
the child breathes, smiles and opens its eyes to the mother's anxious

The cowboys carried the stranger to the miner's shack, and there by
rough but kindly methods, and with the determination not to desist
while there remained any hope, succeeded, as we have seen, in restoring
the brave hero to life.

One of the men recovered the horse left on the other side of the river,
and begged its owner to remain among them.  He thanked them for their
good-will and kindness, but declined, at the same time refusing to take
the reward offered him for so risking his life.

As soon as the man was sufficiently recovered he paid a visit to the
humble shack of the settler to see the child he had saved.  As he took
it in his arms it smiled up into his face as though it too would thank
him for a rescued life.  The father was profuse in his gratitude, and
the mother, with tears in her eyes, tried to speak, but her heart was
too full for words.  The stranger understood the language of her looks,
and valued such expression of her feeling better than if it had been
couched in the finest words ever spoken.  He bade the grateful parents
farewell and rode away with a glad heart, saying, "I have only done my
duty."  There was no one in that settlement so happy as Akspine.

His career had been a chequered one since the days when he had
organized and promoted the Workers' Club among his school-fellows.  He
had added an efficient musical training to his excellent English
education.  After serving an apprenticeship on one of the English
railroads he married and went to India, where he became station-master
on one of the lines.  Owing to the ill-health of his wife he was
obliged to give up that position at the end of two years and return to
England.  A few months later he followed her remains to the grave, and
placing his infant daughter in the care of his wife's mother he
emigrated to the New World, hoping in its new and stirring life to find
solace for his sorrow, as well as remuneration for his toil.  He had
gone first to the home of a friend in the western States, where he
remained a year.  Later we find him the hero of this adventure on the

After leaving the settler's shack Akspine journeyed northward toward
the international boundary line.  On the way he encountered a camp of
Indians, and being wearied with travel he stayed to rest, intending to
remain with them only a few days.

The Indians' lodges were pitched in a beautifully wooded valley.  They
had plenty of horses and abundance of buffalo meat, and the weather
being cold he concluded to prolong his stay among them.  He employed
his time teaching the Indians many useful things, and before he left
the camp at the end of three months he had made many friends.  He left
many specimens of his handiwork as memorials of his stay with the
natives of the Montana plains.  Oftentimes the Indians gathered in the
Chief Peta's lodge, where Akspine was a guest, to watch his busy
fingers carve dogs, horses, buffalo and moose from blocks of wood with
his knife.

One of the young men of the camp who watched the white man most closely
was Yellow Snake.  He was deeply interested in the work, asked that he
might learn the art, and proved an apt pupil.  He went out from the
lodge and returned in a few days, bringing an exact and perfect
imitation of the work done by Akspine.  Between these two young men,
though representatives of different races, there sprang up a deep
attachment, and they became close companions.  It was during his stay
with these people that Akspine received his Indian name, and this
brought him into still closer relationship with the Indians.

There were sad hearts in the camp when at the end of three months
Akspine suddenly determined to leave it and ride farther north.  They
had learned to love him dearly, and had hoped to keep him always with
them; but Akspine could not stay, and one fine morning he rode away
into the enemy's country.  Scanning the horizon on all sides, and
keeping a sharp lookout for any sign of hostile Indians, he had ridden
five days' journey without encountering a foe or meeting with any
adventure.  He had slept on the prairie, picketing his horse near, and
using his saddle for a pillow.  At the end of the fifth day he drew
near a wood which skirted one of the rivers of the plains.  Though
appearances indicated that he was not far from a white settlement, he
yet had to be as careful as though he were still out on the lonely
prairie.  He first cared for and secured his horse, and then, after
eating his supper of pemmican, lay down to rest at the foot of a
sheltering tree, placing his gun and revolver close at hand, for to
lose either of them would be death; and he could not be sure that a
sudden emergency might not arise when he should need them for
self-defence.  The night was calm and clear, and with his thoughts
dwelling on the past and the home in the old land, Akspine fell asleep.
He was not far from the settlement of Mackleton, on the banks of the
Marion River, but was still within reach of any hostile Indians who
might have an antipathy to the whites.

Akspine slept well until he was roused in the darkness of the early
morning by the sharp report of a rifle.  Grasping his gun he sprang to
his feet, but could see no one.  A second report rang out, followed by
a groan.  Turning in the direction from which the sound came, he heard
a familiar voice utter his name, and recognized his friend Yellow
Snake.  From him he learned that two of the worst renegades in the camp
had been heard plotting to slay him and steal his horse and other
valuables.  Yellow Snake had watched the men, and learning their
destination had gone in another direction to the same spot.  He had
kept out of sight, yet knew where they were until he had seen Akspine
enter the wood.  Noting the place where the evil-disposed Indians had
entered it, he had approached it at another.  When Akspine lay down to
rest he had crept up quietly and stationed himself near that he might
keep guard and frustrate the wicked design of the would-be murderers.
He knew by the movements of the Indians that they were likely to make
the attack in the early dawn.  His fears were fully realized.  Long
before the sun arose he made out two figures moving stealthily among
the trees.  Peering through the darkness he saw that each held his gun
tightly in his hand.  Yellow Snake watched them, and as they knelt down
to take aim at the white man sleeping so peacefully at the foot of the
tree, he raised his rifle and shot one of them dead; a second shot
followed, and the other Indian fell to the ground with a groan.  While
Yellow Snake was relating all this to Akspine, a bullet whizzed past
their ears.  Grasping their guns they turned them upon the second
Indian, whom they had thought dead.  He was, however, only severely
wounded, and had sufficient strength to raise his rifle and fire it.  A
bullet from Yellow Snake's gun finished him, and upon examination he
found that the men were indeed two of the worst characters in the camp.

Akspine's gratitude was deep and sincere.  He took Yellow Snake's hand
in his and tried to stammer out his thanks in the little Indian
language he had acquired while in the camp, but it was too slow and too
inadequate a medium to express his feelings.  He spoke from a full
heart in his own English speech: "Yellow Snake, you have indeed been a
true friend to me.  Never can I repay you for your kindness and
devotion.  You have come a long way to protect me from these men, and
if you had not done so I should have been killed.  What can I do to pay
you for it?  Tell me and I will gladly do it."

Yellow Snake looked into Akspine's eyes as they shone with gratitude
and love, and although he did not understand a word the white man had
spoken, he gathered their import from his expression.  A gleam of
satisfaction was in his eyes and his face met Akspine's in its joy, as
he answered in a few words:

"You are a stranger and a good man," he said; "I learned it from your
life in our camp, and I love you as a brother.  Let me go with you and
I will be your companion and help you all I can.  I have only done my

Akspine and his friend carried the bodies of the slain Indians to the
river bank, and fastening stones to the feet cast them in.  They then
spent some time searching for the horses that had belonged to the
Indians, and when they found them, led them to the bank of the river
and shot them there that the carcases might fall into the stream.
Having disposed of all belonging to their foes, the friends crossed the
river, and before setting out upon their day's journey, ate their
morning meal with gratitude in their hearts to the Great Spirit for
having preserved their lives.

The sun was high in the heavens before they were on their way
northward, but by hard riding they reached a camp of the Blackfoot
Indians before night fell.  They found the lodge of Button Chief, who
received them kindly and treated them with his accustomed hospitality,
asking that they would make his lodge their home.  The travellers,
being tired, were allowed to rest, and although the news spread rapidly
among the lodges that a white stranger had come to stay with them, and
young and old were eager to see him and learn the import of his visit,
none approached.  Even the youngest showed no signs of impatience.  In
such manner the Indians are taught to suppress their emotions, and
never to betray surprise, joy or fear.

Upon the following day the chief gave a feast in honor of his guests,
and invited to it the other chiefs and soldiers of the tribe.  The
crier stood outside the lodge door and called them to come to the feast
given by the chief.  The invitation met with a hearty response, and a
large party soon filled the lodge.  The choicest pieces of buffalo meat
were placed before the guests, and they were given an abundance of tea.
The pipes were filled again and again, and passed from one to another
of the company until they appeared to be on fire, yet the pipes were
filled again.  When these were smoked less vigorously the conversation
began in earnest.

An interpreter was found in the camp to repeat in the ears of the
people all that the white stranger had to tell them.  This man had
spent some time among the whites, having been taken in hand to be
educated by a merchant, but unable to remain away he had come back to
find a home with his own people.  He could understand all that Akspine
said, and repeated it to the listening chiefs in their own tongue.

Akspine related many scenes of his life in the Old World, and
astonished them beyond measure as he told of the wonders of the sea,
and the mighty vessels which crossed the ocean and plied upon the
rivers and lakes; of the large stone and iron buildings in the towns
and cities: of the tens of thousands of people, and finally, of a visit
to Windsor Castle.  The "Great Mother" is to the natives of the
northwestern prairies the greatest among the chief men and women of the
earth, a fact which is all the more singular when we remember the
opinion generally held by the Indians on the inferiority of women.  An
aged warrior named White Calf had listened attentively, making no
comment until Akspine told of the ships of iron manned by more than a
hundred sailors and sailing across the ocean.  Then he arose, and
uttering a grunt of dissent and dissatisfaction, exclaimed:

"It is a lie!  No one could do that.  This white man is a medicine-man
who has come to steal away the hearts of the people, and if you listen
to him he will make you believe whatever he tells you."  Saying which
he departed, leaving the company doubtful whether to be amused or

The hours fled rapidly by as Akspine continued his wonderful tales of
the white men and the strange land in which they dwelt.  The interest
increased as he related them, and though he was weary and would gladly
have ceased, the intense eagerness of the Indians as they sat with eyes
riveted upon him, drinking in his words with breathless excitement,
made it impossible for him to refuse to gratify them.  It was nearly
midnight when they departed to their own lodges, and Akspine was
permitted to retire.  He had nothing to fear from the worst renegade in
the camp, knowing that he was perfectly safe under the protection of
the aged chief in whose lodge he dwelt.  The Indians returned the
following day, eager to hear more of the stories that had been related
on the previous night.  This continued for several nights, and there
was yet no abatement of interest.

On the seventh night an unusually large company had assembled to hear
Akspine recite the tales of the white men.  The pipe was filled and
passed around, then Button Chief turned to his guest and said:

"Tell us the story of the Master."

In a lower tone of voice than usual Akspine obeyed.

"Many years ago, when I was a boy, as I sat on the floor by my mother
while she worked she told me of a time long past.  It is a story of a
company of men who bade farewell to their homes, their wives, children
and friends, and went upon a journey across the sea.  They hoped to
make large sums of money there, and return to their native land to live
in contentment all their days.  The voyage was long, and the vessel
that bore them did not return for two years.  The captain of the ship
then brought word that he had left his passengers in good health and
excellent spirits, and the prospects of success on the island where he
had landed them were good.  Several years passed by and no word was
received from any of the company.  Intense anxiety was felt among their
friends, and although many efforts were made to learn something of
their fate, none were successful.  All hope of ever hearing from them
again had well-nigh passed away, the wives and mothers alone clinging
to the belief that they would one day see or hear from their loved ones.

"In the early winter there came a rich stranger to the country from
which the company of men had sailed so many years before.  The
stranger's home was far distant, but he seemed to enter into and
sympathize heartily with all the schemes for the welfare of the people
of the land.  As he went in and out among them he soon learned of the
long absence of the adventurers.  He talked to the women, who were
still sorrowing for their husbands and sons.  Day after day he listened
to the story and sympathized with their grief.  Often after he had been
in the houses of the poor, sums of money were found where he had left
them in order that they might be used for the purpose of providing the
needed food and clothing.

"In the spring a large vessel came into the harbor.  The people flocked
in numbers to see it, thinking it might bring some intelligence of the
lost ones, but it brought no tidings.  The sailors in the vessel had
been hired for a long voyage, and had brought her around to take her
owner on board from that port.  In a few days the stately stranger
embarked.  He examined the machinery and general appointments of the
vessel, and when he had satisfied himself upon her fitness for the
expedition, he announced that within a few hours they were to set sail
for a distant island.

"The moon was shining brightly as the fine ship left the landing, the
rich stranger standing on her deck and looking kindly upon the large
number of people who had come down to see him depart.  In after years
many of them remembered the kind words he had spoken to the women and
children.  A week later they learned that the ship had been built by
the express order of the stranger, and the captain and crew engaged to
go in search of the men who were supposed to have been lost so many
years before.  Love and sympathy had kept the stranger from making his
purpose known.  He had set about his important mission quietly that he
might not arouse hope too soon in the people's minds, as well as to
avoid the overwhelming expression of their gratitude which any hint of
his intentions would certainly have excited.  He was a man of few words
and many deeds.

"Two years passed without any tidings of the stranger, when one day the
whole town was awakened by the shouts of many voices from a vessel in
the harbor.  The people ran to the landing; hundreds were soon crowding
one another to look on the band of aged men who stood together on the
deck of the vessel.  As she drew near the landing they scanned the
faces of the passengers, and as one and then another recognized a
friend or long-mourned loved one, a shout of joyous welcome rent the
air.  Men, women and children rushed on the deck and threw their arms
around the necks of the old men, weeping for joy as they repeated their

"So long absent, given up for dead and now restored so suddenly and
unexpectedly, the scene was one to touch the heart of the hardest.  The
inhabitants of the town wept as they saw the joy of the women and heard
their cries of 'Father!' 'Brother!'  On that morning the axe and spade
were thrown aside, men forgot to labor in the common joy.  Few found
time to rest or eat as they gathered around the lost ones that were
found, and eagerly inquired the cause of their long absence from home.

"They had reached their destination safely and without delay had begun
their labors.  They were hopeful and their hearts were light.  Matters
had gone well with them for a year or two; then a rebellion broke out
in the land, they became implicated, and it ended badly for them, the
result being that they suffered loss and were imprisoned for life.

"The long weary years which followed oppressed their spirits, and
losing all hope of ever returning to their homes or their loved ones
again, they longed for death to release them from the heavy burden of
hopelessness and despair.  Several of their number, unable to endure,
had sunk beneath the weight of sorrow and the effects of the close
confinement, and were borne to their last resting-place in a strange
land, the sighs and groans of their comrades following them to the

"But help was at hand, though they knew it not.  One day a stately form
entered the prison.  With sympathetic countenance he inquired into
their circumstances and listened to their story.  A few days later the
prison was again visited by the guard, who, bidding the remaining
members of the party follow him, escorted them to a vessel lying in the
harbor near.  Soon the sails were set and they were homeward bound; but
not until they were two days at sea did they learn the price that had
been paid for their freedom.

"The stately stranger first offered the whole of his immense fortune
for their release.  This was refused, but when he added to the vast sum
his own personal service, his sacrifice was accepted.  Rather than
leave the aged men to perish in prison in a strange land, he had sold
himself into slavery, resolving to live and work as a slave in a
foreign country that others might be free and return to their homes.
The captain said the only message the stranger had given him to deliver
were the words, 'Love one another!'

"The inhabitants of the town when they heard the story told by the aged
men, remembered the man who had a smile and a kind word for everyone,
the stranger who had sailed his ship from their port to the distant
land.  As the mothers and fathers sat around their cottage hearths in
the winter evenings, happy in each other's presence, they related the
story of the man who had sold himself for them, and always when they
assembled in the morning or retired at night they repeated the message,
'Love one another!'  When they spoke of him they called him 'Master,'
and seldom made mention of his name without shedding tears of gratitude
for his love."

Akspine's face shone as he continued his story, and the eager listeners
bent forward that they might catch every word that fell from his lips.

"The Master," continued Akspine, "worked hard in the service of the
king, but he only lived for one year.  When he lay upon his death-bed
and strangers gathered around him, he closed his eyes; then whispering
softly and tenderly the words, 'Love one another!' he gently breathed
his life away.  The inhabitants of the town for whose exiles he had
given his life raised a magnificent pillar to his memory, and inscribed
upon its base this simple phrase, and as the children gather around it
in the long summer evenings they repeat the story of the Master,
concluding ever with the words, 'Love one another!'"

As Akspine concluded his tale the Indians looked at each other and in
hushed tones repeated the words, "Love one another!"

Deep thought was on every brow in that Indian lodge.  Not a word was
spoken.  Each one arose, and gliding silently out went homeward
thinking of the meaning of the simple message and the story of that
wonderful life.

Night after night the lodge was filled with anxious listeners to hear
again the story of the Master.  Over and over again they said, "Tell us
the story of the Master!" and as they repeated it to the women and
children they said, "Wonderful!  Wonderful!"

Soon upon every lip and in every heart the sweet command, "Love one
another!" was found.  The noisy brawls formerly common to the camp
ceased.  The petty jealousies, the immorality, the love of war passed
away before the influence of the gentle teaching of this tale among the
red men.  There was no longer cause for strife in the contemplation of
this blessed life.

When their time came, and one and another of the aged men and women of
the camps died, while friends gathered around their bed they looked up
into the dusky faces and with their last breath whispered faintly,
"Love one another!"

Akspine had not forgotten his music, and oftentimes sat in the lodges
and played and sang sweet songs to the chiefs and warriors while the
people gathered without to listen.  His influence became very great in
the camps.  He was initiated into some of the secret societies and
learned many of the mysterious rites of the people.  He entered
heartily into their schemes for improvement, and was always consulted
upon important questions, the chiefs recognizing the power of his
intellect, his courage and the purity of his life.

He soon became thoroughly familiar with the language of the tribe, and
could converse in it upon any subject.  Young and old were strongly
drawn to him.  He became as one of themselves, thinking about the same
things, engaging in the same kind of work.  It was impossible for him
to remain long in such intimate relationship to the people without
forming some attachment more sacred than others, though he loved Yellow
Snake as a brother and Yellow Snake was always true to him.

The tribe was noted for its many beautiful maidens, young women of
gentle, pleasing manners, modest and neat, and it was not possible that
such should fail to attract the notice of the white stranger.  Dressed
in their native garb they were comely and attractive, and some of them
slyly added a little more paint to their faces or a few more ornaments
to their hair when they knew they were likely to pass the lodge where
Akspine dwelt.

In this lodge there was a lovely maiden of fourteen winters, who sat
entranced for hours while Akspine played on his flute, or sang the
plaintive songs of his native land, or who listened absorbed while he
repeated the oft-told tales to the wondering natives.  The maiden hung
upon his words as a true worshipper, yet she never spoke to him nor
showed by look or act that his words conveyed any meaning to her ears.
She was only one of her father's chattels, to be disposed of as he
wished.  True, her father loved her, but she was only a girl, and in
the Indian camp that meant in value a few horses, more or less,
according to her good looks.

Unconsciously she trimmed her long black hair neatly, painted her face
and the parting of the hair, arranged the necklace of bear's claws
about her graceful throat, or the rings on her fingers, the bracelets
of brass wire on her wrists, and the pretty beaded moccasins on her
tiny feet.  Her dress was made of the antelope skin well dressed and
white, fashioned as a wide-flowing gown with two holes for sleeves, the
top and bottom neatly trimmed with the teeth of the antelope and bear.
A wide belt, to which was attached a piece of steel procured by the
Indians from the traders, was fastened about her waist.  Her limbs from
the knees downward were clothed in a pair of beautifully embroidered
leggings.  Natoatchistaki, or the Rabbit woman, the daughter of Button
Chief, was one of the beauties of the Indian camp.  Every morning she
went to the river and performed her ablutions.  In the summer she swam
across the swiftly flowing stream, and sported in the waters as if in
her native element.

Akspine looked upon the maiden with the dark hair and eyes, but said no
word of love to her; he was silent, though his heart bade him speak.
The old chief beheld with satisfaction that the white stranger was
suffering; he knew well what caused the failing appetite, the listless
action and unrest.

It is customary among the Indians for the father of the young man who
desires a wife to negotiate with the father of the maiden, and for a
certain valuation, averaging from two to eight or ten horses, to be
placed upon her.  After these negotiations are completed the sale or
marriage is ended by a season of festivities.

Akspine had no wealth and no friend to make arrangements for him, yet
he was anxious to obtain the maiden for his wife.  The chief watched
Akspine with a loving eye, and seeing his wish, said: "My friend, you
are a stranger among us.  You have endeared yourself to us by your
words and actions, and we have learned to love you.  You have healed
our sick people and taught the children.  Since you have come among us
my people have been more contented and happy than they have been for
years.  We cannot repay you for the kindness and courage you have
always shown, and although we belong to a different race we can see
that the hearts of all men are the same.  The Great Spirit made us all.
We now wish you to become one of ourselves.  You have learned our
language and know some of the customs and mysteries of our religion and
our secret societies, but we wish you to forget your own people and
live always with us, to make your home here and claim us as your
people.  We cannot give you much; we cannot tell you of wonderful
things or show you such great works as you have seen among your own
people, but we have glorious records of brave men, heroes who belong to
us and who for the love they bore their country and their people laid
down their lives with their faces to the foe, singing their death-songs
as they saw death approaching.

"We have decided in the council of the chiefs that the bravest should
give you the daughter he loves best for a wife.  There is not one in
the camp too good for you.  I now offer you my daughter Natoatchistaki.
Take her and let her build you a lodge where you may dwell in peace.
My heart is sad in losing her, for I love her above all the others, but
I shall go often to your lodge and there I shall talk with you.  Take
her.  She is yours.  That is all I have to say."

As the chief finished, Akspine raised his head and let it fall in token
of acquiescence in the decision, then the brave old man arose and left
his lodge.  His heart was full, but he would not allow his emotions to
control him.  He walked away dignified and silent, and no one meeting
him could have told from his manner that anything unusual had occurred.

When Akspine looked up the lodge was empty.  He remained alone in deep
meditation, pondering over the step which was to sever him from his
kindred and unite him forever with the Indians of the plains.  He felt
compelled to listen to the eloquence of his heart, and after a short
struggle he decided to obey its dictates.

This decision made, and his heart lightened of the burden of doubt,
Akspine went out into the adjoining bluffs where he could listen to the
songs of the birds and gather courage to meet the new life.  Darkness
had fallen before he returned to the lodge.  When he sought his
accustomed place, the other occupants turned their eyes on him, but no
word was spoken.  Four days passed, during which no reference was made
to the conversation that had taken place, but on the fifth evening a
merry group assembled in the chief's lodge.  The women in the camp had
prepared many dainties; the best food was provided, venison and buffalo
tongues were freely given, and the guests ate eagerly of the good
things.  It was a marriage feast indeed.  Amid the rejoicing and
feasting many gifts were bestowed; then the young men and maidens
gathered outside the lodge as the bride and bridegroom were escorted
from the home of the old chief to a lodge that had been lately built
and handsomely furnished.  Here, after many expressions of good-will,
the company separated, each retracing his steps to his own lodge.

Thus were Akspine and Natoatchistaki married in the Indian fashion,
their courtship coming after marriage, a reversal of the method of the
white men.  In many cases the plan works well, but in the instances
where no courtship follows, there is bitter enmity, slavery, and at
last rejection.  Akspine and his Indian bride, however, loved each
other devotedly, and were happy.

After the first few days had lapsed, their friends came to call upon
them in their own lodge.  As the days passed the influence of the white
man increased, though some of the young men were jealous of the power
he wielded over the tribe.  Within a short time he had attained the
highest position and been made a chief.  While sitting in the council
of the chiefs Akspine listened attentively, offered no advice, but
waited until all the others had spoken, then in a few clear, decisive
words he unravelled the difficulty, showing by his ability to settle
knotty questions that he was possessed of superior wisdom.  His fame
spread rapidly beyond his own tribe, and many Indians belonging to
other camps were anxious to see him, but he was guarded closely by his
people lest harm should come to him or an enemy attack him.

The power of the tribe grew.  When drawn into war they conquered, but
the wise counsels of Akspine enabled them often to avert it without
losing honor among the nations.  Peace and contentment reigned in the
camps, the herds of horses multiplied, and the health of the people was

With a grave and dignified air the white chief strode through the camp,
calling at a favorite lodge here and there to consult with the wise men
on matters affecting the welfare of the tribe.  At such times the
children ran to him for the kind word or smile that was always ready
for them.

Akspine's lodge became the resort of all who were in trouble.  The sick
sought his advice, the chiefs came to consult him, the young men
resorted to him for encouragement, and when domestic troubles divided
members of the same family, it was to Akspine's lodge they came to have
the difficulty settled and the wounds healed.  The young chief's wise
rule indeed rested like a benediction upon all classes.  Wherever he
went, peace followed his footsteps.  Several years were spent in thus
influencing others for good, and the white chief was happy in the
possession of such power over the people.

Early one morning during the fall of the year Akspine started on a trip
to the mountains, accompanied by one of his friends, expecting to be
absent four or five days.  He chatted freely with his companion as he
passed the lodges on his way through the camps, giving a word of
counsel here and a gentle reproof there.  The people smiled as he
greeted them at the doors of the lodges, and prayed for success in his
enterprise in the mountains.

Five days passed quickly, but Akspine did not return.  No fears,
though, were entertained for his safety, but when two more days had
come and gone without bringing tidings of him, the people grew anxious,
and runners were sent to discover the cause of his prolonged absence.
Day after day the search was continued, but without success.

All hope of learning anything of their beloved chief had well-nigh fled
from the hearts of the people when suddenly the wail for the dead fell
upon their ears.  The women rushed from the lodges and looked in the
direction from which the sound came.  A travaille drawn by a single
horse was seen approaching slowly, led by two young men, who bowed
their heads as they uttered the sad wail.

The foremost of the young men was Yellow Snake, the bosom friend of
Akspine.  Faithful to the last, he had not given up the search for his
friend until he had tracked the footprints of his horse to a crossing
that was deep and treacherous.  Here the footprints had ended, but
Yellow Snake followed the stream, still searching, until it entered a
lake.  Straightway he plunged into the clear water, and after diving
many times he at last found the remains of Akspine and his companion.
He brought the bodies to the shore and left them until he procured a
travaille on which to convey them to the camp.

Men, women and children gathered around the travaille, weeping
bitterly.  They carried Akspine to his lodge, wrapped him in his
chief's garments, and then in solemn state they bore him to a lofty
eminence beyond the camp.  On this height a warrior's lodge was built,
and the body of the great white chief, Akspine, was placed within it.
He was surrounded by all the insignia of his office and securely
guarded by his people's love.  There at the close of day the women
gathered to mourn, and as they lifted their faces heavenward,
reiterated in the plaintive cadences of grief the cry, "Akspine!

Many years have gone by, yet on the hill young and old meet at eventide
to repeat the story of the white chief who told them of the Master and
taught them always to say, "Love one another!"



A small company of men were sitting about a camp-fire on the prairie,
enjoying their pipes and chatting.  They were all trappers and traders.
Their deerskin coats, with embroidered bands and fringed shoulders,
were tanned soft, and soiled from constant wear.  The beaded leggings
generally worn by the half-breeds were replaced by long boots that
reached to the knee; their cartridge belts were well filled, the stocks
of their revolvers bright, and the knife stuck in the beaded or
leathern sheath was sharp and keen.

The men were typical specimens of the class of hardy, honest,
true-hearted hunters, who held a proprietary right over the prairies
second only to those of the aboriginal possessors.  Having no
newspapers, and but few letters or correspondence with the more
civilized world, and therefore scant means of obtaining news of events
which serve as topics of conversation to men nearer the centres of
civilization, they talked of old times, repeated stories they had
heard, or recounted the adventures and experiences that had fallen into
their own lives or surroundings.

Long practice in the art of story-telling had made some of them
excellent raconteurs, and though the style and diction in which the
stories were couched might not bear criticism from the standpoint of
literary perfection, they had the charm of being personal
recollections, veritable history, and also of being told in the
vernacular most intelligible to the listeners.

"Wall, boys, I've been down to bed-rock many a time, but you bet I
never came so near givin' in my checks as in the year of the big snow.
It wus the worst year for cold and sickness we ever had in the country."

The speaker was Old Glad, the famous hunter and trapper.  Several of
the men, with their long unkempt hair, presented a wild appearance, but
the speaker had a soft, sweet voice and a mild expression of face.
This gentle tone gave a dignity to the peculiar phraseology of the
West.  Old Glad had come as a lad from the shores of the St. Lawrence,
and had been for several years in the employ of the Hudson's Bay

Following the custom of that honorable corporation he had taken to wife
one of the Indian women of the Cree tribe, and had been happy and
content with her.  He had a number of sons and daughters who were no
small comfort and help to their mother during his absence on buffalo
hunts or while working at the different trading posts in the country.

Old Glad was a favorite among his comrades, and they leaned forward
that night by the fire to listen to his tale of the by-gone days.

"In my old shanty up in the mountains, I wus tryin' to live through the
hard times, huntin' some bear an' deer, an' eatin' whatever I could
get.  The snow wus deep an' it wus terrible cold, but I ses to the old
woman, 'There's no use grumblin', fur that won't bring in buffalo
meat.'  We hed a few sacks of pemmican an' berries, but that couldn't
last long with so many mouths to fill.

"Wall, late one night, an' it wus bitter cold, I heard the door open,
an' lookin' up from the fire I saw a white man come in.  He wus half
naked, an' I didn't like his looks; he had a kind o' skeered look about
him that wasn't much in his favor.  But I couldn't turn him out on such
a cold night, so I giv' him a seat by the fire an' my woman made him
some supper.

"He had little to say, and the poor dog eat what wus made for him as if
he had been starved fur a whole month.  He stayed with us fur three or
four weeks, an' it wur while he wus with us, one o' my wee uns took
sick.  She wur the best o' the house, an' we grudged losin' her.  The
stranger 'd come to her hammock an' sit down an' begin to coo to her,
an' the wee un 'd open her eyes an' a bit of a smile wud come to her

"Arter a while he wud sing to her--some queer songs they wur--an' the
wee un wud try to follow him, though she wur so sick she couldn't hold
up her head.  Wall, she kept gettin' worse, an' I made up my mind there
wus no chance fur her.

"Some years afore, one o' my little folks wur sick just like wee Nan,
an' a doctor come along our way an' gave us some medicine that cured
him; an' he wrote a perscription on a piece o' paper an' told us if any
o' the children wus taken sick again, if we sent to Bennivale, where he
lived, if he couldn't come himself, he would send medicine to help us.

"Wall, this night I walked up an' down wishin' I could go, but I
couldn't leave my folk, an' it wus blowin' an' snowin' so as no man
could ha' found his way to Bennivale.  It wur on the Missouri River,
more'n two hundred miles away.

"I looked at the paper over an' over again, an' wished I could go.  I
wus walkin' an' lookin' at wee Nan an' then at my woman, an' then at
the stranger.  He said his name wus Bill, and that wus all I could get
from him, so I sometimes called him 'Prairie Bill' an' sometimes
'Wanderin' Willie.'

"Wall, I sat down in the old chair, an' I saw Bill lookin' at wee Nan
very serious like, an', wud you believe it, comrades, there wus tears
in his eyes.

"That night I wus gettin' some wood fur the fire when I saw Bill ridin'
off on his horse, an' I thought he'd got tired an' wus goin' to some o'
the shanties in the mountains, 'r mebbe to the Indian camp.  I thought
it queer he should go away in that fashion an' never tell me where he
wus goin', but of course it wus none o' my business, so I said nothin'.

"Wall, the storm got worse, and wee Nan didn't get any better.  I sat
beside her night after night, an' the wee thing kept singin' the songs
Bill had been singin'.  It wus queer, fur though, she wus very sick,
she would keep cooin' like Bill, an' then she wud close her eyes an'
keep dosin'.

"We tried the medicines the Indians gave us, but they didn't do her no
good.  Often I wished the storm would stop, and I near made up my mind
a dozen times that I'd go to Bennivale an' see the doctor anyway.

"The days an' nights went by slow, an' as I wus sittin' by the little
un the door opened an' in come Bill, an' without say in' a word, jest
as if he'd gone out o' the door an' come right back, he put his hand in
his pocket, an' pulls out a parcel o' powders an' giv' them to me.  It
was the doctor's writin', an' I knew it.  He put a letter along with
the medicine, an' this is what he said, fur I always carries this
letter with me wherever I go:

"'Dear Mr. Glad'--ye see, he called me by my old name o' the mountains,
which I like best, fur it keeps me in mind o' the prairies an' the
foot-hills.  I can't speak it in the fine style he writes in, but I'll
read it like our talk o' the prairie.

"Here's what he ses: 'Dear Mr. Glad, a stranger named Bill has just
returned sufferin' with exposure, an' he has just informed me that one
o' your children is very sick--a little girl.  From all the fac's o'
the case, which I wus able to gather from yer friend, I am able to send
you some medicine which I feel sure will restore her.  Mix the powders
accordin' to directions.  Whenever you come this way, bring me a few
furs, and I will pay you fur them.  I want some good beaver skins.
Your friend Bill is a rare chap.  He has had an excellent edication,
and has seen better days.  You can't go wrong in trustin' that fellow.
He is sharp, clever an' queer.

"'Sincerely yours,
  "'TOM. KETSON, M.D.'

"Comrades, as I read the letter I looked up an' saw that Bill wus
pretty sick.  He had suffered pretty bad from cold an' hunger, an' was
a good deal frost-bitten.

"It wasn't long afore we fixed the powders for wee Nan, an' got Bill in
good shape, but he wus very bad.

"Wall, the wee thing began to mend, an' Bill, lyin' beside the fire,
though he couldn't speak much fur pain, wud sing a wee song, and coo to
her--the stranger an' the wee un wur like lovers, an' they both kep'
gettin' better.

"After a time wee Nan got round again, but Bill never got over his long
ride, fur it left a bad cough that settled on his lungs, an' he lost
half o' one foot an' some toes off the other.

"Wall, last summer I went back to the old shanty where I used to live,
to fix the fence round Nan's grave, fur ye remember, comrades, that she
left us three years ago, an' we buried her beside the shanty.  As I wus
fixin' the fence, I saw a man walkin' with two sticks, an' he wus
comin' to the shanty.  I wus a wee bit suspicious, an' I stepped aside
into the bush to see if he wur after mischief.  He come up to the
grave, an' kneeled down beside it, an' then he took some flowers--roses
an' the like--an' planted them on the grave.  I waited fur a long time
till I saw him wander off, an' then I come down an' finished my job.

"I saw him go to one of the coulees, an' there I found his shanty.  I
dropt in to get somethin' to eat, just fur an excuse, an' when the door
wus opened it wus Bill 't met me.

"Boys, ye mind that cripple that ye wus laughin' at in camp the other
day?  Wall, he's passed in his checks.  Ye won't trouble him any more.
I went to dig his grave, an' I made the best coffin I could fur him.
The boys made fun o' him because he wus only a cripple an' he wus poor.
They called him 'Tanglefoot Bill,' an' a good deal o' sport they got
out o' him.  Wall, when I looked at his feet an' heard him cough, I
thought o' the day I wus mendin' the grave an' of the stranger who went
fur the medicine fur wee Nan.

"I put a board at the head o' the poor feller's grave, an' these is the
words I wrote on it:


When Old Glad had finished his story the men knocked the ashes out of
their pipes, and wrapping themselves in blanket or skin, turned over on
the sod and went to sleep.  They had to make an early start in the
morning, and though they made no comment they felt no interest in
asking for another story that night.

After breakfast no time was lost; the dishes were washed, and the
"boss" of the outfit put everything in order to start the long
cavalcade of men and horses.  Three heavily laden wagons were fastened
to each other, and then ten or twelve horses hitched together to draw
the load.  Four or five of these teams comprised a train, and the
manager of the whole was the "wagon-boss."  He was generally a shrewd,
hard-working, capable man.  Black Jack was the name by which the boss
of the train to which Old Glad was attached was known.  He was a
sterling fellow, big and strong, with long hair and heavy moustache.
He was a man of few words, but an excellent boss-captain of the fleet
of prairie schooners.  Though many of the men he employed on his fleet
were accustomed to use pretty strong language while on the trips across
the prairie, they desisted when with Black Jack.  He was a stern man,
but with his stern determination had a kindly manner and a love of
honesty which affected his men and imbued them with something of the
same spirit that animated him.

Jack had married a handsome half-breed woman, who lived in a neat log
shanty in one of the settlements that had grown up around the Hudson's
Bay posts.  She was queen of the home, and her chief pride lay in
having it well kept and attractive to her husband when he returned from
the long trips on the prairie.  The house was a small one, but ample
for their needs.  It was built of hewn logs laid one above the other
until the walls were about eight feet high.  Notched ridge-poles formed
the roof, which was thatched with prairie hay and moss and made
water-tight by a plastering of mud.  The interior had white calico
stretched over the ceiling and was whitewashed with lime.  The walls
were covered with pictures from the illustrated papers, which served
the double purpose of keeping out the wind and providing a sort of
universal library and reading room, affording many hours of amusement
to Julia and her friends.

Two years previous to his marriage a little girl in the settlement had
been left an orphan.  Jack had taken compassion on her and provided her
a home, and Alice was now the joy of his household.  He spent many of
his leisure hours in making her toys.  She was a pretty,
dimpled-cheeked child with light hair and blue eyes, and was always
happy and strong.  The Indians called her Curly Hair, but Jack had
named her Alice.  While he guided the long train of wagons across the
prairie the wagon-boss's thoughts were often in the log house with his
little girl.  Black Jack had therefore been one of the most interested
listeners to Old Glad's story of wee Nan and Prairie Bill.

A halt was called at noon, and after a spell of rest they journeyed
onward steadily, until as darkness fell they entered the trading-post
of Whoop Up.

After picketing their horses and wagons inside the stockade they had
supper, and sat down around the fire to talk.  The manager of the Fort
had much to ask of Black Jack and his men concerning the prospects of
the buffalo trade, the condition of the Indians and the probabilities
of the weather, and then they drifted into the old course of

A few minor anecdotes were told and enjoyed, but when Black Jack,
looked up from the fire and spoke his men listened eagerly.

"Our visit here," he said, "reminds me of the year of the small-pox
among the Indians."

The wagon-boss spoke excellent English, and in spite of the many years
spent on the prairie he had retained much of the purity of his native

"It was very late in that fatal year.  The Bloods, Blackfeet and
Piegans were restless and seemed bent on war, and the Crees and
Assiniboines were none the less fidgety.  Not far from here, on the
banks of the Belly River, a band of Bloods and Blackfeet were camped,
and the South Piegans had pitched their tents on the St. Mary's River.

"The Crees and Assiniboines, as you know, hate the Blackfeet.  There is
a tradition that many years ago when the Crees and the Blackfeet were
united as one family, there was only one dog in the camp, and some of
the people having quarrelled over the possession of this animal, the
tribes took up the quarrel and soon were at enmity, and although they
have made treaties of peace since there never has been the same unity
as existed in former years.

"They were at the time of my story bitter enemies to each other, and
the Crees thought they could do no better than take advantage of the
great loss sustained by the Blackfeet and Bloods through the ravages of
the small-pox plague and attack them.  They had, therefore, come down
to the Little Bow country with this determination, and encamping there
waited for accurate information as to the strength and location of
their enemies.

"The Bloods, Blackfeet and Piegans were well armed, having obtained
good rifles from the traders across the line, but the Crees and their
confederates had nothing but arrows and old guns supplied them by the
Hudson's Bay Company.

"The Crees sent forward a band of seven or eight hundred warriors to
reconnoitre.  These came upon a band of Blood Indians camped near the
Fort and attacked them, killing a few men and women.

"This roused the camp, and it did not take long to send word to the
Blackfeet and Piegans.  The Bloods had lost some of their best men and
were in the mood to fight desperately.

"In the early morning the fight began in earnest.  The Bloods assisted
by their allies drove the Crees hard.  Overcome by superior numbers
they were forced to retreat lower down the river until they reached the
big coulees where the trail crosses the river.

"You remember the big coulees beside the trail; but it was a little
lower down the Belly River that the battle raged the hottest.  The
Crees and the Assiniboines were in one coulee, the Piegans in another,
and the Blackfeet and Bloods in a third.

"Well, boys, I believe that was one of the greatest battles ever read
of, for the fellows fought like troopers.  Talk about your British
soldiers, there are none living who could beat some of those men for
courage and skill according to their own methods.

"The Crees put their horses down in one of the river bottoms to shelter
them from the bullets of the foe, and although they had no better
weapons than bows and arrows and old guns, they had the advantage of
their enemies in position.  They fought desperately for some hours,
however, without gaining much on either side.  As they were unable to
reach each other and engage in a hand-to-hand light, nor to learn the
actual strength of the enemy, they were too wise to risk an open
attack.  As they lay hidden by the ridge of the coulee they crawled to
the top and fired.  Some of the Crees, more daring than the others,
raised themselves above the edge and were immediately shot down by
their enemies.  The better weapons of the Blackfeet were telling, and
the Crees were getting the worst of the fight.  Seeing this they
determined by a sudden movement to evade the Piegans and Blackfeet.
They rushed down the coulee, sprang on their horses and made for the
river.  The Piegans saw them and pursued them, and a general fight
followed, in which both Piegans and Crees were carried over one of the
steep precipices.  Some were killed outright, others badly injured.
Stones were hurled into the ravine by those above, bruising the
warriors of both sides.

"Still the Crees and Assiniboines dashed into the river.  Many of them
were shot or carried down by the current.  The Bloods and Blackfeet
went in after them and a terrible slaughter took place.  As the Crees
struggled in the water they were shot down like dogs.

"It was terrible to slay the poor creatures in such a cruel fashion,
but an old Indian friend of mine who was at the fight told me with glee
that it was splendid sport, for if the Crees had got the chance they
would have done the same thing to them.

"Others of the Blackfeet crossed the river higher up and engaged the
Crees in another skirmish, in which about fifty were killed.

"If you go along the river now I can show you some of the piles of
stones that were raised to mark the spot where Blackfeet and Bloods
fell, and others where the Crees were slain.  A great many of the
latter were killed, but we never learned the exact number, so many were
carried down the river.

"My old friend Jerry Potts said the Blackfeet only lost about fifty.

"The tribes had, however, apparently enough of fighting, for the very
next year they made a treaty, and have never since gone to war with
each other.  Since the white men came to the country they seem to think
they have a common enemy and no time to fight among themselves."

When the boss had finished his story the men spread their buffalo robes
and blankets on the floor, and lay down on them to sleep the sound
sleep that only an open-air life can induce.


Up among the foot-hills of the Rockies, far from the villages that have
sprung up in the western country, nestling beneath the shadow of the
everlasting hills, a tiny cottage shanty stands.  The way to it from
the main trail is hidden behind the overlapping spurs of hill which
rise in undulating lines from the plains to the bewildering passes of
the mountain range.  The sun alone seems to have found its way to it,
and shining down in a benediction of beauty brings its picturesque
outline into bold relief against the background of sun-kissed cloud and
sheltered mountain tops.

Some anchorite surely, weary of the world, whose wounded spirit needs
the healing influences of nature unalloyed by man, has built his
dwelling here.  Some artist who would saturate his senses with the
beauty of the ever-changing shadows, the luxury of color, the softness
of the veiling mists, the tender touch of coming night, the mystery of
distance, has come here.

How refined must be the nature of the occupant of such a spot!  How
attuned his life to nature's moods!  Alas!  How long will the place be
unspoiled by man?  How long before the aggressive enterprise of the
commercial spirit of the age will send its locomotive to insult the
clouds with its nether smoke and the disturbing sounds of hurrying

The early summer had passed, the days had begun their downward course,
and the nights were colder.  A traveller who had come to the Rockies in
search of better air and health had wandered many miles from the
village where he had taken up quarters for the season.  The many and
beautiful flowers which grow in rich profusion among the foot-hills had
attracted his steps and robbed his limbs of all sense of fatigue.  He
was all unconscious of the distance he had walked or how far he was
from the village.  He was drinking in health with every breath of the
pure mountain air, beauty with every bud or blossom he gathered, and
such things as supper or bed were of a secondary nature to him at the

As he stooped to pick yet another flower more perfect than the last, he
was accosted with the words, "Good-day, Stranger!" spoken in a soft
minor key.  Turning, he saw an old grey-haired man.  There were lines
of care and thought in the face, yet not such as have been furrowed
deep by rebellion against the discipline of life.  His dress was that
of an old-timer of the mountains, its buckskin in picturesque harmony
with the surroundings.

The traveller having responded courteously to the greeting, the two men
were soon deep in a pleasant conversation.

"This is a delightful country; the air is so pure and the scenery
grand," said the stranger, by way of preface.

"Yes; a man must get a long way off nowadays to think and breathe," was
the unexpected reply.

"Do you live in this part of the country?"

"Yes, I hev' a shanty in the hills, an' if ye'd care to look in I'll
give ye a welcome.  We're a bit rough in these parts, for we don't see
strangers often, an' we're willin' to just live in our own way an' be
content," and turning the old man led the way up the winding path in
the hills.

Each bend and higher level reached revealed fresh beauty to the eye of
the stranger, and when their steps crossed a wimpling, bubbling
mountain stream to the shanty he had seen from the distance, words
failed him to express his appreciation of the beauty of the spot.

"Lovely!"  Far away the forest-crowned mountain tops pierced the clouds
and hid from sight the snows and glaciered sides.  Bright rivers wound
about the foot-hills or plunged into the great canyons and were lost to
sight.  The stranger stood entranced, as if caught in some vision
beyond his power to grasp the meaning of, and the mountaineer, knowing
well the feeling, waited silent by his side.

Later, when seated before the door of the shanty they watched the sun
go down, a sight to be remembered for all time, the hearts of the two
men were one in praise to the Great Creator of the universe, the
Master-mind who had so clothed the land with beauty and given to the
mind of man the capacity to enjoy it.

Old Glad's quaintly proffered hospitality was willingly and gratefully
accepted, and after his guest had been refreshed by a nicely cooked
supper, their talk turned to the past in the old mountaineer's life.
The story-telling days of camp and prairie were once more revived.

"Have you always lived up here in the mountains?"

"No, but I hev bin here most of my life.  Ye see there's not much to
annoy ye here, an' I don't keer fur all yer noise in the towns.
There's nothin' like the prairie an' the mountains fur a man to get a
livin' in an' be happy."

"And have you always found the happiness you wished for in these
places?" asked the stranger with interest.  "Happiness is what I have
ever been in quest of, and I must confess I have failed to find what I

"Wall, I've got along pretty well.  Of course I've had my hard times
like other folk an' been down to bed-rock many a time."

"Have you all your children with you?"

"No.  I've lost some, like my neighbors.  It's not so very long since
we buried Nan, and then my Bill went like all the rest."  And the old
man sighed as he paused for a moment.  The stranger waited until he
spoke again.

"Yes, Bill was a brave lad.  He was born in the Indian camp when I wus
workin' fur the Company, away in the north.  The little fellow ran
among the lodges, an' it wusn't long till he could talk Cree, an'
Blackfoot, an' Sioux, an' French.  He wus a good rider an' a fine hand
at the gun.  I tell ye I wus proud o' him when he wus a little fellow.
The Indians an' half-breeds wus afeard o' him, 'cause, ye see, he could
ride an' shoot better'n them, an' he wus a fine talker in the Indian
camps.  I min' once when he wus a little fellow runnin' around the Fort
an' up to all kinds o' tricks, that he went off with Long Tom the
half-breed, without lettin' me know.

"Tom wus a good shot, but a reckless fellow, an' if ye didn't look out
he wus sure to get himself an' his friends into trouble.  After he had
gone some o' my comrades come an' told me, an' I wusn't well pleased,
but I thought it 'ud turn out all right, so I said nothin', an' waited
fur him to get back.

"Wall, ten days went by an' I wus gettin' kind o' anxious, an' I made
up my mind if he didn't get back in a couple o' days I'd go off an'
look fur him.

"Late that night as I wus sittin' by the fire he come in.  The wee
fellow had his head tied up with a bit o' blanket, an' one o' his arms
in a sling.  His moccasins wur worn off his feet an' he couldn't speak.
He looked in my face an' kin' o' staggered an' fell down on the floor.
He wur completely done.  I jumped out o' my old cheer an' took him in
my arms.  His head wus badly cut an' his hair all stickin' wi' blood,
an' his arm wus bruised an' black.  We got him fixed up in bed an'
didn't ask any questions fur two weeks.  Then he told his story.  Long
Tom an' him had gone off to shoot deer an' weren't havin' much success,
an' when their grub wus all gone an' they had to live on berries, they
thought they'd better get back.

"As they wur sittin' down restin' a bit an' their horses wur feedin'
they heard a terrible rush, an' lookin' up saw their horses racin'
toward them an' a grizzly standin' kind o' meditatin'.  Long Tom up
with his gun an' fired, but missed his aim, an' wud ye believe it, his
horse fell dead, shot through the heart.  The grizzly jumped on him and
threw him to the ground.  My wee fellow ran back a few paces an' took
aim.  He sent two bullets into the b'ar, but the old fellow was hard to
die.  He left Tom an' made fur the boy.  But he just made one spring
and struck Bill down 'fore he giv' his yell an' fell dead.

"The poor boy lay on the ground, his head covered with blood an' his
arm bruised where the b'ar had struck him.  Long Tom couldn't move, an'
by an' by the lad, who was a plucky un, crawled over to him.  He saw he
wus bad, an' at first he didn't know what to do.  They had only one
horse, an' Tom couldn't walk, an' thur wurn't a post fur miles.

"Wall, they lay there fur a while an' then Tom got a bit better an' my
lad put him on the horse an' started fur home.  Bill wanted fur to take
the grizzly's skin, but they wur too done to get it, so they hed to
leave it.  My Bill walked alongside the horse an' got berries fur Tom
an' him to eat, fur they hed no grub.  It wur two days 'fore they got
to the Fort an' my Bill had left Tom at his shanty.

"I tell ye, it wur a close shave, an' it wus a long time 'fore the lad
wur strong again, but as soon as he wur able to climb on his horse
again he wus off out shootin' an' huntin'."

"He must have been a brave lad."

"Ay, he wur that, stranger, as brave a lad as ever lived among these

"I should like to meet him some day and have a talk with him."

"Ah, stranger, he hev passed in his checks, an' we'll not see him
again!" and the soft voice was sad and the buckskin sleeve was brushed
hastily across the old man's eyes, brave in his grief as the lad had
been in his encounter with the terrible grizzly.

Many stories are told of the pluck and bravery of this son of our old
friend Old Glad.  He had grown to man's estate, had married a Cree
Indian woman and was settled down as an interpreter in the employ of
the white men in the country.

One night when he had just returned from a long, wearisome trip over
the prairies with a party of travellers, he was awakened about midnight
by an Indian woman tapping at his shanty window.  He sprang to his feet
and listened; in a moment he heard the sound of the tramp of a band of
horses.  He roused a few of the settlers in the vicinity of his shanty,
and they started in pursuit of the stampede.  The men in advance with
the horses heard the party coming behind and increased their speed.
Not a word was uttered, but with the lariats they lashed their horses
and rode madly on, as the animals responded to the lash.

Over hills and down through coulees the stampede led them.  They
reached the river, and though it was swollen it did not stop the men
who had driven off the horses.  In the darkness the pursuers could not
distinguish the figures of the men, and it was useless to resort to
weapons.  They knew, too, that the horse-thieves would ride lying along
the sides of the horses and thus escape being made a target for the
pursuers' bullets.

In crossing the river, Bill and his party lost time, the stream being
so swift that they were carried down for some distance before they
could make a landing on the other side.  The consequence was that the
Indians who had driven off the horses were a long way ahead of their
pursuers.  It was evident that from their knowledge of the country the
thieves were Indians and no strangers.  The sound of their feet was
still heard distinctly, and Bill urged his party to greater speed that
they might yet overtake them.

The water was dripping from their clothes, but that was a slight matter
if they could only succeed in gaining on the thieves.

Suddenly they found themselves in the midst of a band of horses
scattered over the prairie, spent with the long chase, and wet with
water and perspiration.  No Indian was in sight.  The horses were
there, but where were the men who had driven them off?  Had they been
chasing a phantom?  Had these horses been running of their own accord,
or were they on the enchanted ground of the red man?

Fear took possession of the hearts of the bravest.  Each man grasped
his revolver and held his breath, expecting that an enemy would spring
upon him from the darkness at any moment, or a well-armed band of
warriors would pour a volley of shot into their ranks from some unseen
vantage cover, or by stealthy craft seize them singly and destroy them.

A few moments passed, seeming like so many hours, when, reviving their
courage, they rode among the spent horses and learned that they
belonged to the white settlers, and had certainly been driven off by
someone.  Bill and his men held a short consultation.  Darkness and
Indians were the enemies of the white man, and until the day dawned
they could not feel safe from danger.  They scattered themselves among
the horses and waited for daylight, listening for any sound that might
give them warning of an approaching foe.

The early morning brought relief, and when exploring a narrow belt of
brushwood one of the horses snorted and swerved aside from an old
blanket that lay in a roll on the ground.  They would have passed it by
had not a groan from beneath attracted their attention.  Turning, they
saw the blanket move.  Bill bent over it cautiously, and discovered an
Indian in the last agony of death.  Some of the men counselled shooting
him to end his misery, but Bill knelt beside him and spoke a few words
of peace.  The man had been thrown from his horse as he stumbled, and
had been so trampled on by the band of horses he had stolen that he had
been able only to crawl into the bush and cover himself.  Bill promised
to tell his friends of his fate, and to let them bear away his body and
lay it in the lodge of the dead.  He knew the customs of the race, and
how the women would mourn over the poor Indian's death; for,
horse-thief as he was to the white man, he was a hero to his own
people.  The horses were returned to their respective owners, and one
more story added to those told of Old Glad's son.


The shadows of night had fallen about the lonely cabin as, with a
tender light in his eyes, the old trapper continued in quiet,
reminiscent strain:

"Yes, stranger, my Bill hev passed in his checks.  I don't talk o' him
often, fur it makes my heart sore to talk o' him.  But ye seem
interested, and it'll not do me any harm and mebbe do ye some good.

"My Bill wus allus tryin' to help somebody.  There wusn't a man in all
the country that could travel over the prairie like him.  He knew every
coulee.  He wus a splendid guide and a good one.  One day one o' his
comrades started off fur the Missouri in the winter when the weather
was fine.  He wus ridin' and he didn't expect to be long on the road,
so he didn't take much grub with him.

"He'd got away just two days when it come up a terrible snow-storm.  I
tell ye it wur enough to freeze the hair off yer head.  The folks got
anxious about him, but they wur all afeard to go out in the storm.

"Bill ses to them, 'I'm goin' to find him;' but they ses, 'It's no use,
ye'll get lost yerself.'

"Wall, without tellin' anybody, he started off one morning, an' it wur
cold; but he never heeded that.  He ses, 'I'm goin' to find him, dead
or alive.'  Ah, my Bill wus a brave fellow, an' as kind-hearted a
fellow as ever lived.

"Two or three days went by, an' the storm kep' up, but Bill didn't turn
up.  The men in the Fort got anxious about him, an' so one night they
talked together an' they agreed to wait another day, an' if he didn't
turn up they'd send a party after him.

"It wur gettin' dark the next night when the men in the Fort see two
ridin' on one horse, one in front o' the other, comin' over the prairie.

"They got out glasses an' made out that the one in front wus an Indian
boy.  He wus ridin' fast, an' the man behind him was muffled up an' had
a cloth over his eyes.

"The men in the village went out to meet them, an' as they rode up they
saw it wus Bill.  He was snow-blind, an' his hands and feet wur frozen.
He couldn't speak.

"The Indian boy told the men that as he wus comin' in from the Indian
camp, he saw him ridin' slowly an' his reins wus thrown loose on his
horse's neck, an' he wus trustin' to him to get to the Fort.

"The men in the Fort nursed him, but they thought he wouldn't get

"After lyin' still fur several hours, he ses, 'Is he gettin' better?'

"One o' the men sittin' beside his bed ses, 'Yes, ye're gettin' better.'

"Bill shook his head, but didn't say any thin'.  After a while he cried
out, 'I saved him.  Is he gettin' better?'

"'Yes, yes, ye're gettin' better,' said another of the men.

"But a few minutes after Bill spoke again: 'The letter, the letter;
read the letter!'

"'He is delerious, poor feller.'

"'Mebbe he had a letter from somebody,' spoke up one o' the men, an'
they searched his pockets, an' sure 'nuff, found a small piece o'
paper.  It had some writin' on it with a pencil; something like this:
'Send some medicine as quick as ye can to save Jack's life.  I left him
at old Kootenay Brown's ranch.  He wus nearly frozen to death when I
found him.'

"The men got an Indian boy, and sent him off with medicine an' a supply
o' provisions to Kootenay Brown's.

"After Bill got a little better, he told the men where he had found
Jack.  He had an idea of the trail he would take, and after he'd
crossed St. Mary's River, the storm wus so bad that his horse wouldn't
face it, so to save himself he struck toward the mountains.  Wall, as
he kep' travelling the storm quieted down an', wud ye believe, right
ahead o' him he saw a man walkin' round an' round in a circle leadin'
his horse.  The snow wur deep, but he went as fast as his horse would
go, an' when he reached the place he saw it wus Jack.

"Both Jack an' the horse wur snow-blind, an' they wur wanderin' round
on the prairie, lost.  They couldn't get away from the spot."


"Bill's horse whinnied, an' the other stopped an' then answered.  The
poor thing wus glad o' company.  Bill spoke to Jack, but the poor
fellow didn't know him.  He wus out o' his mind.  Bill got him on his
horse, and rode on to Kootenay Brown's ranch, where they rubbed poor
Jack an' put him to bed.  He wus badly frozen an' they feared he
wouldn't get better.

"Bill stayed fur a day an' then started fur home to get help.  It wus
stormin' an' he thought he might get lef', so he wrote the letter afore
he started out so that Jack might have his medicine.

"It wus a long time afore Jack wus well an' come back to the Fort, an'
my Bill lay four weeks in his bed; then he crawled round fur awhile,
but he never got over his ride.

"Whenever anybody said anythin' to him, he would say, 'Never mind, it's
all right: Jack got better.'

"All that winter an' the next summer he kep' about the Fort, coughin'
bad.  Ah, my heart wur sore to see him go like the snow on a summer day.

"Jack wud come over to his shanty an' do all his chores fur him, an'
the two cronies would sit together fur hours.

"Jack wud look into Bill's face an' say, 'Bill, ye saved me, but lost
yer own life,' an' then Bill, as best he could fur his cough, would
say, 'Jack, it's all right; be a man an' help somebody else.  One on us
had to pass in his checks, an' it wus me this time.  Yer turn will come
too by an' by, mebbe afore ye think o' it.  I've never done anything
worth speakin' about.  Ye know it's not because I wus unwillin', but,
ye see, there's no chances o' doin' great things.'

"One day Jack an' Bill wur sittin' talkin', an' I went in ter see how
he wus gettin' on, an' Jack wus talkin' like I never heard him afore.
Ye'd a thought he wur a preacher.  I think he must hev ben a good lad,
fur I wusn't expectin' to hear the like.

"'Bill,' ses he, 'I don't know much about the thing good folks call
religion, but I min' my old mother tellin' me, "It's not long prayers
an' talks, but it's just bein' like Himsel'."  That wur what she called
Him.  I guess He'll no judge ye for the fine things ye say, but the
gran' things ye do.  He saw ye that day ye saved me when I wur frozen.
An' don't ye think He'll pay ye fur that?  I'm sure He will.  If I wur
rich I'd give ye all I had, and they say He's honester than any o' us.
An' that means if I canna pay ye, He will.  Ye see ye must get yer pay
fur doin' that gran' deed, an' I'm too poor to pay ye, so ye must look
to Him for it.'

"'I think it's all right, but it's not worth much,' says Bill.

"'Worth much!  It's worth all the world to me.'

"'I wonder if He'll understand us when we get yonder.  Ye see, we
haven't been workin' much at religion, prayin', but, Jack, many's the
time I have looked up at the stars an' said to myself, "Does God think
about me?"  Ye see the country is so big it wouldn't be strange if He
forgot me.'

"'I've heard He lived on the prairie, and that makes me feel better,
fur if He ever lived among the mountains an' on the prairies He'll know
our rough ways an' not be hard on us.  I don't think thur wus any fine
churches an' fine clothes on the prairie when He wus livin'.  If thur
wus no prairie an' no mountains in heaven, an' all the folks talked
fine language, I couldn't feel at home.  I'd be like a stranger, an'
I'd want to go where I could see the buffalo an' talk some Indian once
in a while.'

"'He wus a good man,' ses Jack, 'an' He wouldn't be unreasonable, an'
if we didn't talk fine here He wouldn't expec' us to talk fine yonder.
I don't understan' much about it, but mother told me He wus a
gentleman; not a rich, proud fellow who'd pass ye by, but a man who
treated all alike.  He could tell a rogue in fine clothes an' a
gentleman if he wus poor.'

"'I wonder, Jack, how I'll call on Him when I get yonder.  Ye see, I've
never been in company, an' I suppose a great many big folk will be
crowdin' in the door, an' they'll be wantin' to keep me back.  Will ye
lift yer hat an' say, "Good day, sir," or will ye wait till He speaks
to ye?  I wish, Jack, ye'd go to the mission and ask the Sky Pilot that
lives there; mebbe he can tell ye what to say.  Mebbe he has books
that'll tell ye, an' it's not the best thing to wait fur yer ticket
till the last minute.'

"Before Bill could say any more Jack hobbled off, got on his horse, and
rode fifteen miles to the mission house.

"The missionary wus at home, an' Jack wur surprised to see him wearin'
a buckskin just like the trappers, an' he'd ben cuttin' out rails fur
his fences an' had a axe in his hand.  He greeted Jack civil, an' asked
him what he could do for him.  Jack just told him about my Bill, an'
how he wanted to know what he wur to do.

"'Can ye giv' a poor fellow directions what to do after he's passed in
his checks, a kind o' passport like, to cheat the old fellow when he
would be bettin' on the game.  Ye see, my pardner, Bill, that's nearly
finished his game, an' you bet he's a good un, but he kind o' thinks
he'd like to get posted afore he starts on the trip.  Ye can mebbe giv'
us a prayer or a few words that we wouldn't be strangers.  We might
fine it hard to get an interpreter.  Bill is pretty good at the Indian,
an' he cud giv' them some Sioux or Cree, but the man at the door
wouldn't understand.  I'll pay ye for yer advice, fur he saved me, an'
I hate to see him go; but I'll giv' him a good send-off an' a big

"Stranger, the missionary came right off to my Bill, an' Jack, he wur
proud to have the Sky Pilot ridin' beside him, an' when they come into
the Fort the men looked at the stranger goin' to Bill's shanty, an'
they ses, 'He's a rustler, that, an' don't ye forget it.  Ye bet yer
life he'll see Bill through.  He'll treat him on the square!'

"Bill's comrades wur sittin' round his bed talkin' when the prophet in
buckskin, fur that wus what they called the missionary right there,
come in.

"'Good day, gentlemen,' ses he, an' takes off his hat, an' then sits
down by Bill an' talks to him a bit to get a wee bit acquainted.  He

"'Wall, friend, what can I do fur you?'

"'D'ye think a chap'll lose the trail to heaven, that's never ridden
over it afore?'

"'No, he'll get there all right if he follows the directions!' ses he.

"'An' ye can giv' them to me, I reckon,' ses Bill.

"'Yes; I haven't bin there, but the Chief has, an' He said afore He
went off on His last trip that He would mark the trail so that His men
wouldn't get lost.'

"'Ye can tell me the marks He left.  Is it a heap o' stones, or a tree
blazed, or a fire burnin', so as I can see the smoke?'

"'I don't know what the marks are,' says the Sky Pilot; 'but, ye see,
His ways are square, an' I know what He says is true.  There's none o'
the scouts ever come back to tell us.  We are all tender-feet on that

"'D'ye think they could o' lost it an' got down to the camp o' the old

"'No; but when an old-timer starts on that trail he must like the place
that he doesn't come back, or mebbe there's someone keepin' him there.'

"'I guess he's struck it rich, an' he'll not come back,' says Bill,
'but how am I to know when I don't know the marks?'

"'Wall, the Chief said afore He left on that long ride o' His that He'd
make the way plain so that ye couldn't mistake it, an' He never wus
false.  All ye hev' to do is to pledge yerself afore ye start to join
His ranks, an' He'll be there to meet ye, an' He'll take care o' ye
Himself an' there'll be no mistake.'

"'Are ye sure that's so?' says Bill.

"'I'm sure.  I hev served the Chief for many a year, an' I tell ye He
wus never false.'

"Bill turned on his bed, an' as he looked at his old comrades, he says,
'Boys, I'm goin' on the long trail.  Many a time hev we ridden on the
prairie, but I'm goin' alone this time.'

"The Sky Pilot went down on his knees an' he prayed.  It wus a right
touchin' prayer, an' the men couldn't help the tears comin' in their
eyes.  Jack looked at Bill, an' says he, 'Bill's sure to pull through.
If anybody can find the long trail, it's Bill.'

"It wus only a little while after that, stranger, that my Bill called
out, 'He's waitin' fur me!  Yes, I'm comin'!' an' his head fell back.
My Bill was gone.  Stranger, he wus a fine man."

The old man ceased.  He had told the sorrow of his life.  The stranger
who listened knew no word was needed to express his sympathy, so with
only a kindly grasp of the old trapper's hand he turned to the couch
spread for him, and before many minutes had passed the occupants of the
cabin were in a sound sleep.

The shanty among the hills still stands, and is yet the home of the
grey-haired old-timer.  As he sits at his doorway in the evening
watching the shadows lengthen into night, memory often carries him back
to the days when "my Bill" was the pride of his heart.


There was a gay company assembled in the lodge of Eagle Rib, engaged in
the pleasant pastime of tea-drinking and story-telling.  The old chief
had been successful in his late hunting expeditions, and from his sale
of robes to the Indian traders a good supply of provisions had been
brought to his lodge.  A special invitation had been given to the
leading members of the camp to attend the feast, and a large number had
assembled to partake of the bounty in store.  Every available pot and
pan had been brought into requisition, and around the blazing lodge
fire there stood vessels filled with buffalo meat, berries cooked in
fat, and tea.  The invited guests did full justice to the delicacies,
both eating and drinking heartily.  The pipe of peace was then passed
around, and comments were freely made upon the conduct of those present
who had been unfortunate in their hunting adventures.  The stolid
countenances of the Indians relaxed, and seriousness at times gave
place to laughter loud and prolonged, as one after another related some
story of hunting, love or war.  The old men fought anew their battles
of former years, and as the feast proceeded, a spirit of enthusiasm was
begotten which infused itself into the heart of every individual

An interested listener half reclined with his head and shoulders on a
native reed pillow; but his face bore a stern expression, showing no
sign of participation in the others' merriment, as if the perils and
victories of his fellows were nothing to him.  Although apparently
heedless of his surroundings, yet he was none the less a partaker of
their pleasure.  This taciturn individual was Medicine Runner, a famous
chief of the Blackfoot Indians.  Tall, stern and dignified, he
commanded the respect of all, and was honored with the position of war
chief of the tribe.  Though his hair was turning grey, there were no
signs of mental or physical decay.  When he addressed his people on any
subject every tongue was silent, all ears were opened to catch the
words of the illustrious chief.  He was a true orator, sparing in
words, but every sentence was full of meaning; and though his language
was couched in nature's garb, not even the Indian trader could mistake
its full import.  Many times he had led his warriors to victory when
contending with Cree, Crow or Sioux Indians.  They loved and honored
him, while his enemies hated the name he bore.  He lay for some time
thus, a silent spectator of the joys of his companions.  Then his eyes
brightened, and he raised himself from his reclining position as if
about to speak.  The host and his guests knew at once the meaning of
the change, and waited in respectful silence, anxious to hear what the
chief had to say.

"Twenty-five winters have passed away," said he, "since a party of
Sioux warriors entered our camp and stole a large number of horses.  I
was young and active then, and without any loss of time I called my
warriors together that we might consult as to what was best to be done.
After much deliberation at last I told them that I had prayed about the
matter and felt it to be my duty to follow our enemies, taking another
chief with me, while the warriors who remained in the camp were to be
prepared for any sudden attack from the tribes who might be in our
vicinity.  I chose Three Bulls, who was at that time called Medicine
Runner, to go with me on the expedition.  We went out to the rock on
the hill and made sacrifices and prayers.  I prayed to my god for
guidance, protection, and victory, and as I lay in my lodge at night,
the god came to me in a vision, and told me to go, assuring me of an
answer to my prayers.  We had a war dance and feast, painted our bodies
and our horses with war paint, and then set out on our journey south.
We had gone but a little way when I got off my horse and prayed again.
I vowed that if successful and I was permitted to return I should
sacrifice myself at the next sun dance.

"Four days we rode and saw not any signs of our foes, but as evening
drew near on the fifth day we were pacing slowly on the plains when we
came to the brow of a hill, and there right at our feet was a camp of
Sioux Indians, numbering three hundred lodges.  Our hearts beat fast
when we saw so many lodges congregated together, and my companion
expressed his determination to return that night, as it was impossible
to do anything against such a strong foe.  I remembered my prayers and
my vow, and resolved to remain, though at the same time urging my
companion to go home and to take my horse with him.  He begged me not
to throw away my life, but to accompany him and to bring back with us a
large number of our warriors to help in slaying all the Sioux Indians.
I told him I dare not consent, as my guardian spirit was driving me
onward and I felt sure of victory, though alone.

"Three Bulls bade me a sad farewell, and taking my horse with him he
rode away quickly in the direction of our camp.

"Again I prayed and resolved upon action.  It was a dark night, and
thus highly favored I waited until the middle of the night, that all
the people might be asleep, watching meanwhile as closely as I could
and studying the lodges in the camp.  The time had come.  I descended
and entered the camp stealthily and unseen.  Outside of a chief's lodge
there was fastened a fine horse, a good buffalo runner, and this lodge
I resolved to enter, examining my gun and knife to see that they were
all right.  I then peered into the lodge and saw the chief and his
family quietly sleeping.  Drawing the door gently back I went inside.
A few dying embers lay upon the fire, and beside it stood a pot of
meat.  Feeling hungry I soon disposed of some of the food.  I then took
off one of my moccasins and left it that they might know an enemy had
been there.  Leaving the lodge as quietly as I entered, it was only the
work of a minute to cut the horse loose, jump on his back and depart.
Conscious of having gained the victory, and feeling safe on the back of
such a fine animal, I could not refrain from uttering the war-whoop as
I was leaving the camp.  The greatest excitement prevailed when they
heard it, and I knew that I would soon be pursued.  They had heard the
sound of the horse's hoofs, for presently several Sioux were on my
track, yelling and beating their horses to increase their speed.  I had
nothing to fear, for a good horse and a good start were in my favor.
Most of my pursuers gave up the chase, and finally I could hear
distinctly the sounds of the hoofs of but two horses following.  Right
ahead in the darkness I could hear the sound of rushing waters.  I
hastened on.  Plunging into the foaming waters I crossed the stream
safely and turned suddenly around as I reached the bank.  Springing
from my horse I waited for my pursuers, and as they approached levelled
my gun and shot the leader.  Before the other could escape by advance
or retreat I brought him to the ground with another bullet.  Victory
was assuredly mine, for now two scalps were fastened to my belt, and I
rejoiced that full compensation had been made for the depredations of
our enemies."

[Illustration: "As they approached I levelled my gun and shot the

"Homeward I sped, resting occasionally to give my horse time to recover
his breath and refresh himself a little.  When I reached our camp I
heard the women wailing for me as one dead, for they had given up all
hopes of my safety, but when the people saw my approach and the scalps
by my side their sorrow was changed to songs of rejoicing.  A great
feast and scalp dance were held.  Three Bulls made a long speech
exalting my heroism, and ended by giving me his name of Medicine
Runner, which he then bore, and which I have since borne until this

The chief had scarcely finished his story when a young man entered
named Running Wolf.  He was tall, slim, and of noble aspect, showing
his relationship to the bravest of the tribe.  He had a careworn
appearance and was evidently suffering keenly from physical exhaustion;
still a faint smile played upon his features and his eyes glistened
with unusual brightness.  Five days previous, this young man had gone
from his lodge on an errand of some importance, as was evident by the
determination which was expressed in the firmly compressed lips and the
look of daring in his eye.  For some time he had been very serious, and
it had been remarked by some of the aged people that he seemed to be
holding communion with the spirits.  He withdrew within himself, saying
little but thinking much, and the young man who formerly had been so
full of merriment and delighted in all the amusements of the camp, had
become suddenly transformed into a sedate man, almost prophetic in his
looks.  Without informing anyone of his intentions he had departed from
his lodge, going rapidly toward the hills, apparently hoping to meet
someone or determined to do some work.  He walked quickly, shunning the
presence of his companions, heeding not the riders who were driving
herds of horses, and caring not for the scenes which always delighted

Old and young who saw him travelling at such a rapid pace across the
prairie kept out of his way, for it was evident to their eyes that a
supernatural power was guiding him.  For many hours he travelled
without halting, his eyes fastened on the ground, but with a holy
purpose in his heart.  Into one of the deep ravines he entered, and far
into its recesses he travelled, where seldom penetrated the eyes of
man, haunted as the Indians believed it to be by spirits of the dead,
who possessed the power of inflicting injury upon the living.

It was in this community of spirits that Running Wolf found the resort
which his soul longed for, its gloomy shades, rugged, tall rocks and
scanty vegetation agreeing with the state of his soul.  It was the home
of the buzzard, coyote and eagle.  Loveliness there was none, and as a
resting place for man, no spot on earth could have been found more
uninviting.  This was the place, however, which seemed pleasing to the
spirit of the young man, and for a few moments, although exhausted and
sad, a gleam of satisfaction shone from his countenance.  He fell upon
his face kissing the ground, and in accents of tenderness cried, "My
mother!"  He lay upon the sod for a long time, fatigued with his
journey and the physical exhaustion arising from nervous excitement,
but at length arose, gathered his blanket upon his left arm, and began
pacing to and fro, praying earnestly to the Great Sun for the
revelation of himself.

Alone upon the hills and in the deep recesses of the ravines he
wandered, praying and fasting, allowing nothing to pass his lips but a
little water.  Earnest, solemn and prolonged was his communion with the
Great Power which overshadowed him, and the more keenly he felt this
invisible presence the more fervently he prayed and longed for the
fulfilment of his vows.  Bright were his hopes, for he had implicit
faith in the spiritual influences with which he was surrounded.

For days and nights the young man wandered alone, his voice heard by
none save the spirits, the birds and the animals.  At last he fell to
the ground worn out with his devotions, and as he lay in a
half-conscious state pleasant dreams flitted through his brain.  The
air was filled with happy voices.  Angel attendants came to minister to
him.  Earth was no longer a weary place to live in, but the songs of
joyous hearts came to him in all their sweetness, more pleasing than he
had ever heard, and as he sang in unison with them, his heart was
filled with joy.  How long this continued he never knew, but in the
midst of it all there came a voice assuring him of peace, the
acceptance of his vows and prayers, and the gift of a Guide and
spiritual Friend.  The blessed vision rested on his soul as a rich
benediction; and in this pleasant frame of mind he awoke.  As he raised
himself there came running toward him a small ground squirrel.  This he
seized instantly, and as he held the timid animal in his hand he
remembered that this was the visitor named in his vision which would
come to him, and within whose body would dwell the Spirit which was
given him as a guide through life.  As he held it, gently he drew it
toward his bosom, and there nestling with fear it suddenly ceased
breathing.  His visitor was dead!

His heart was moved with sorrow; but he learned by the keen spiritual
perception which had been given him that the Spirit Guide needed not a
living agent wherein to dwell, for He could give animation if that were

Quietly and with reverence he laid the little thing upon the ground;
tears filled his eyes.  He prayed anew for guidance and strength, and
as he prayed he took his knife and removed the skin of his little
visitor and reverently preserved it.

A gentle voice whispered to him that the vision was ended.  So casting
a few quick glances around, he turned homeward, tired and footsore, but
very happy.

A long journey lay before him, and in his fainting condition he could
walk but feebly, yet so strong was his spirit that it overcame his
physical weakness and enabled him to speed across the plains.  New life
had been granted him, and a companion of the spirits was now beside him
wherever he went.  As he drew near to the camp the dwellers fled at his
approach.  They beheld something supernatural in his manner which made
them afraid.  He entered the lodge of Eagle Rib as Medicine Runner
finished his story, and without speaking a word sought his accustomed

One by one the visitors left, impressed with the fact that some
prophetic power had fallen upon the young man, and they dreaded contact
with spiritual visitants.

These people are often called savages by members of the white race, yet
they have been taught the greatest respect for all forms of religion,
recognizing these forms as methods by which men approach the Supreme
Power, hence their reverential attitude when the young man came into
the lodge.  In a few moments all the visitors had gone, and there
remained only Eagle Rib and his family alone with Running Wolf.

He slept many hours, and then awaking fully refreshed, he partook of
food, but said little to anyone.  Becoming much reserved, not because
of his superior position or knowledge, but rather because of the
consciousness of this invisible companion, Running Wolf increased in
favor with all the people.  Gentle, sober and true, he won the hearts
of the young men and maidens, who of all the natives of the lodges were
most exacting.

A few uneventful years passed by, and the young man stood at the head
of the young warriors of the camp, a recognized leader, well qualified
to direct and destined to become victorious over every foe.  His words
were few, but when he spoke his judgment seldom erred, and his decision
always carried away all opposition.  Clothed with power and wisdom he
had nothing to fear from any antagonist, and still he seemed unhappy.
A restlessness of spirit appeared suddenly to take possession of him,
compelling him to depart from the peace and happiness of the camp.

One evening, while sitting in the lodge, surrounded by his friends,
without any word of warning or expression of any kind, he arose and
departed, no one daring to follow, and no one asking the cause of his

The sun sank behind the Rocky Mountains, and the prairie was soon
enveloped in darkness, but the young man heeded not the deepening
shadow; he was not afraid.  He wandered far from the camp and entered
the forest unnoticed and unpursued.  Straight as an arrow he went
onward until he came to the foot of a giant tree, and kneeling upon his
knees, he breathed out a prayer, simple, majestic and brief.

Drawing his knife from its sheath, he began to dig vigorously under the
sod, never resting in his eager search for some hidden prize.
Presently from the depths of the soil he brought forth a tender
rootlet, upon which he gazed with admiration, hugging it closely to his
bosom as a treasure of rare value.

Then, quietly retracing his steps, he soon found rest in the lodge.  No
questions were asked, and few indeed were the words spoken, his
reticent manner preventing any undue familiarity.

A few nights passed by and a messenger came to the lodge in deep
sorrow, to inform Running Wolf that the daughter of Mastwena was very
sick.  Without manifesting any surprise, Running Wolf arose, went
direct to the lodge of his friend where the sick child lay, and bending
gently over her, he looked into the face of the little one.  A gleam of
satisfaction passed over his countenance.  She was very sick, but not
beyond hope of recovery.

The medicine drums were brought down and beaten to call to his aid the
spirits which flitted from tree to tree and from stone to stone outside
the lodge.  The medicine song was chanted by all the members of the
family, and Running Wolf sang vigorously as he swayed his body to and
fro in an excited manner.

As he sang and prayed he drew from his medicine bag a piece of root,
which he broke, and placing it in a vessel with a small quantity of
oil, stirred it well.  As he muttered words of import which acted as a
charm to aid the medicine in performing its desired end, he gave it to
the feverish child with the gentleness of a woman.

As the little one drank the medicine, he again repeated the strange
words which had fallen from his lips, and although misunderstood by the
members of the family, a shudder ran through the company, for they felt
the sacred power which accompanied the casting out of the evil spirit
which had taken possession of the child.

The child lay motionless for a few moments as Running Wolf prayed over
her, and then a sudden change took place, the whole physical frame
being strangely contorted through pain, the agony being almost
unbearable.  Heavy drops of sweat stood upon the child's forehead and
rolled off her body, until as the agony increased and the culminating
point seemed to be reached, she uttered a piercing cry, and then fell
back motionless upon her earthen couch.

Deep slumber fell upon her, and she lay asleep for hours as if under
the influence of a gentle opiate, no one daring to arouse her, or
caring to intrude upon the territory of the home of the spirits.

As the sun arose in his splendor behind the hills which lay across the
prairie, the Indian maiden opened her eyes, refreshed with her
slumbers, free from pain and the disease overcome.  In a few days she
was running with her companions as strong and merry as she had ever

The fame of Running Wolf was spreading fast and was not confined to his
own tribe, and had he been a man of ordinary ability he would no doubt
have become elated over his success.  Keeping his own counsel he still
felt humble, for he depended solely for his success on the
ministrations of the Spirit Guide and the wondrous revelations which
were frequently made to him.

Many uneventful days were passed in the camp, the severe illness of a
friend or a skirmish with some neighboring tribe alone breaking the

No counsel was more eagerly sought in the gatherings of the chiefs, and
there was no chief in greater demand as arbitrator in difficulties than
Running Wolf.

He was loved for his wisdom, kindness and unassuming manner.  The
children listened to his stories as he sat in his lodge surrounded by
the youth of the camp, who became so docile under his influence that
with a single wave of his hand they quietly departed.  Frequently they
gathered around his lodge fire, and when the shadows of evening fell,
they ran homeward to repeat the wonderful stories he had told them.
Many a needless war was averted by his cool judgment and courage.

Late in the fall of the year this wise counsellor stood at his lodge
door, and called aloud for his friends to attend a feast which he had
made.  A large company assembled to do honor to their friend.  As they
sat around in his spacious lodge, entertained by the conversation of
the most notable men of the tribe, the evening passed away pleasantly.
Running Wolf led off in the conversation late in the evening, and as he
spoke in a tone of gravity, yet with a spirit of deep feeling, every
ear listened and every heart beat in sympathy with the sentiments
expressed.  The orator proceeded to relate the history of the tribe,
the story of its conquests, the records of the noble deeds of its great
men, the advent of the white race and the present condition of the
Indians.  He depicted the future in dark colors, the gradual decay of
the red men, the diseases and debauchery of the people, the corruption
of the Indian politicians and the utter overthrow of the native
religion.  He counselled them to accept of the glory of the coming day
when the red men would mingle with the white race, accepting their
teachings and civilizations and finding therein peace, plenty and
contentment.  His voice faltered, and their hearts grew sad as he told
them he would always remain with them to cheer them with his presence
and encourage them by putting wise thoughts into their hearts; and he
would touch the hearts of the white men, so that more tenderly than
ever would they treat their brothers in red.

With downcast countenances they left his lodge and sought repose,
although few of them slept because of the strange visions of the future
his words had awakened in their minds.

Upon the following day a strange rumor spread rapidly over the camp
that Running Wolf had not been seen after his great feast with the
chiefs.  Forebodings of dark destiny filled the minds of the people,
and sorrow was depicted on every countenance.  Women and children wept,
and the men groaned in spirit, heavy with foreboding fears.

Running Wolf's favorite horse stood at the lodge door, his gun and
military habiliments lay in their accustomed place, but the wise man
was gone.  A few footprints were seen leading out towards the prairie
in the direction of the mountains, but after following them a short
distance all traces of them were lost.  Far and near they sought him
but found him not.

Then the chiefs recalled the sadness of their hearts when he assured
them he would always abide with them, encouraging their hearts and
subduing their enemies.  They now believe that he is true to his
predictions, and that he still presides over them in a higher degree as
chief among the spirits.  Yet they cannot help going out every day to
look across the prairie for the return of Running Wolf.

Some day he may return, but not as we look for him.  As the guardian
spirit of the tribe he still maintains his ascendancy over the people,
and with greater power than ever he waits upon them in their counsels
and religious feasts, no longer guided by the spirits, but himself a
seer among the gods.


Namukta, the aged chief, was dying.  As he lay on his earthen bed in
the buffalo-skin lodge, friends gathered in and now sat near, talking
in low tones.  While the old man's faltering voice rose and anon fell,
in the delirious utterances of a fevered brain, they recounted his
deeds of bravery and recalled his wise counsels.

Namukta was a great chief, a warrior who could tell more thrilling
tales of encounters with the enemies of his tribe than any other among
the lodges, and the young men had listened and had caught from his
oft-repeated words the spirit of the warrior before they went upon the
war-path.  He was telling now of by-gone battles in the south, of
victories won and scalp-locks taken from the foe; but his mind wandered
and there was no connection in the talk.

Presently he ceased, and every eye was turned toward his couch.  He was
still for a few moments, and the people waited.  Then the dying chief
raised himself on his bed and called in clear, peremptory tones,
"Isota!  Isota!  Isota!"

A young girl, fairer than any of the other maidens in the camp, yet
dressed as one of them, rose from the buffalo-skin where she had been
reclining, and crept nearer to the old chief's side.

"I am here, my father."  But the chief made no reply.  His ears were
closed to the voice he loved, and the girl sighed as she resumed her

Again he raised his voice and called aloud.  "Isota!  Isota!  There
they come!  Lie still!"

He was fighting over again one of the battles of the past.  In broken,
disjointed sentences, bit by bit, Isota and the friends who were with
him in the lodge heard the story told, which, put together, was
something as follows:

"That was a hard time.  It was the year of the rabbits.  We had gone
away to the east to hunt the deer, and we intended to take some horses
from the Chippewas.  Our young men had told us the Chippewas had some
fine horses that they had taken from the white men.  It was a long
journey, but it was fine weather, and we had plenty of feed for our
horses.  When we reached the forests we saw tracks of the Chippewas.
We kept a sharp lookout for our enemy.

"Early one morning we saw smoke from their camp-fires.  We made ready
to attack them; we would rush upon them unawares and defeat them.  We
sent out two of our young men, who brought back word that there were
fifty lodges and the men were well armed.  We consulted together, for
it was no easy task to fight with so many, but we were ready and in
good trim for fighting.  We sent our young men again at night, and when
they got back they reported that there were some fine horses in the
camp, but some of the men were out hunting.  We made up our minds to
attack the camp early the next morning.

"There was not much sleep for us that night; we were too near the camp
of our enemy.  There were only twenty-five of our warriors, but they
were all good men who had won many battles.

"Long before the sun was up we started for the camp, travelling
quietly, and when we reached the camp we made a dash for the horses and
fired into some of the lodges.  The enemy rushed out, the men fighting
and the women and children screaming.  Five of the Blackfeet were
killed, but we had ten scalps and thirty horses.  As we were leaving
the camp I saw a little pale-face sitting at the door of one of the
lodges crying.  I rushed to her quickly, picked her up and placed her
on my saddle.  The Chippewas were beaten and we did not care to fight
any more.  We had taken the scalps and the horses and the little
pale-face.  That was a great fight.  I had the best part of it.  You
know my little pale-face; I called her Isota."

Isota listened, her head resting on her hand.  She remembered being in
the camp of another tribe of Indians, but who they were or where they
came from or dwelt she knew not.

Namukta had ever treated the pale-face as a princess, a child of the
gods, for had not the gods blessed his people ever since she had been
in his lodge?  The men had not gone so frequently upon the war-path,
there was not so much sickness or quarrelling in the camps.  The
maidens loved her because she was ever ready to help them; she had the
finest skins for her dresses, and bear's claws and elk teeth were used
in plenty to decorate the lovely Isota.

The chiefs consulted her on matters affecting their bands of people,
and wondered at her wisdom.  Her gentle manner, her calm dignity and
queenly carriage impressed them with a sense of superiority.  They
believed she was possessed of many secrets not known by the
medicine-men, and this added to her influence over the tribe.

Namukta guarded his treasure carefully, and there was nothing too
valuable to be given to his Indian princess.  And now Isota had tended
him in his sickness, and even the eldest of his wives had not objected
to this usurpation of her rights.

There was one other who loved the maiden as fondly as Namukta.
Alahcasla had been taken by the Blackfeet during one of their raids
upon some of the numerous tribes of British Columbia, and because
Namukta was the war chief he had dwelt in his lodge.  Alahcasla was
tall and handsome, and of an intelligent countenance.  He had played
with Isota, grown up with her, and loved her better than all the world
beside.  Once when Isota had been attacked by a bear, his trusty rifle
had pierced the brain of the savage animal and saved the girl's life.

[Illustration: "His trusty rifle had pierced the brain of the savage

Namukta, after the relation of the story of his capture of Isota, lay
for several days unconscious, but when he drew near the border of the
spirit-land he awoke, conscious though very weak.  He summoned all the
minor chiefs to his lodge, and divided his property among his friends.
His favorite horse was given to Isota, and the next in value to
Alahcasla.  Then turning to the peace chief he said:

"And now I am going to the sand hills and I leave Isota and Alahcasla
to protect the interests of our people.  They cannot be chiefs, but
they are greater than all the chiefs and medicine-men.  If you consult
them and follow their counsels you will never be led astray.  Give them
one of the best lodges, let them have a portion of all the game you
kill, never go to war without seeking their advice, and you will become
prosperous and happy.  Good-bye.  I am going.  Bury me as an Indian
warrior.  I have done."

Namukta died and was buried with all the rites of his people, who
mourned for him many days.  His last instructions were obeyed, and
while they followed the counsels of Alahcasla and Isota the tribe was

Twelve months passed and some of the women saw that Isota's cheeks had
lost their color; they talked of it among themselves, but said no word
to Isota.  Then one morning when the chiefs went to the lodge of their
leader they found the widows and children of the camp weeping.
Alahcasla and Isota were no longer in the lodge.  No one had seen them
since the night before, and the fear in their hearts was that their
enemies had stolen Isota, and because of his love for her Alahcasla had
followed.  The tribe had heard of rumors among the Crow Indians and
about the camp-fires of the Gros Ventres, that it would be a good thing
if they could secure Isota, the white leader, that prosperity might
come to their lodges as it had to Namukta, the old chief, and his

The chiefs held a consultation, and it was decided that runners should
be sent out to the territories of the hostile Indians, and learn by
stealth the fate of their princess.

Far and wide they went, but could find no trace of Isota.  The people
grieved, many of the children sickened and died, the buffalo
disappeared and the warriors sat around in the lodges idle and

Isota had departed and her people were to know her no more.

      *      *      *      *      *

"You bet yer life she's a beauty, an' don't ye forget it.  She's no
Injun, that.  She's got queer tastes to be the wife o' an Injun, but
he's a smart un, none o' yer common prairie Injuns."

Such at all events was Dutch Fred's opinion.  A day or two before two
travellers, an Indian and a young woman of fair complexion, had arrived
at the ranch and been treated with more than the usual hospitality by
the head man.  They had not been very communicative, and after resting
for two days had ridden away north in the direction of the line of
white settlements.  This and the superior appearance of the pair had
excited a good deal of curiosity, and called forth the above expression
of opinion.

Dutch Fred was right.  Isota and Alahcasla were no common Indians.
Namukta's story of how Isota had been brought to his lodge had sunk
into the girl's heart, and as Alahcasla loved her better than himself,
he was helping her to solve the mystery, although he knew that every
day which brought her nearer to her own people took her farther from
him and his love.

They had travelled many weary miles before they reached the Thunder Bay
district.  When Isota stood upon the shore of the great lake some
memory was stirred within her, and a word long forgotten seemed to leap
once more into life.

She knew that she had before stood beside a great sheet of water like
this.  Where was it?  She could not tell.  In vain she sought to recall
something more definite than the vague sense of having seen broad
sparkling waters such as this.  She could not, but the train was set
alight and here a word was to supply the needed clue--Huron!

They stayed that night with a band of Chippewa Indians who were camped
on the shores, and as Isota lay in the wigwam weary and sad she heard
the story of an old chief whom his people loved; how he had grieved for
and sought a pale-faced child that had been stolen.  She had been
entrusted to his keeping by the chief of another band, and while he was
absent on a hunting expedition she had been carried away by a marauding
band of Blackfeet.

Isota could not understand at first, but a long illness and the care
bestowed upon her by the wife of the Chippewa chief gave her time to
learn their language.  It seemed to come back to her as a forgotten

When the sickness left her, Alahcasla, who had waited and watched
beside her faithfully, brought the horses to the lodge door, and
together they set out once more to reach the Huron country.

After many days of weary travel the shining waters of the lake lay
before them.  They had passed few settlements, but now the country was
more cleared, and as the tall Indian and the beautiful Isota entered
the long, straggling street of the pioneer towns they attracted
considerable attention.  Unused to the prying eyes and rude stare of
ill-bred curiosity, Isota held herself more erect and Alahcasla drew
closer to her side.  During their stay in one of these frontier towns
Isota's horse had sickened and died, and Alahcasla had put the girl
upon his and walked by her side.

They were often faint for food and from weariness; they were not
familiar with the ways of the white people, and did not know that they
must ask for what they needed.  It was not the Indian custom to ask for
the hospitality that it was considered a privilege to be allowed to
offer to the stranger within their lodges.

But the talk of the people in the streets had revived another link in
the chain of Isota's memory of the past.

She heard the children call "Mother!" and immediately she knew the word
had once been familiar to her lips.  With these words "Huron" and
"Mother" as talismans, the pair went on their way.

      *      *      *      *      *

In one of the larger towns on the shore of Lake Huron, a crowd had
gathered around two figures whose appearance was evidently causing
considerable interest.  Travel-stained, their once handsome dress of
finely tanned and handsomely embroidered deerskin with beaded ornaments
worn and discolored, Alahcasla stood, resentment in his eye and
indignation expressed in every line of his tall, commanding figure,
sternly eyeing the gaping crowd, while Isota leaned against the wall of
the house, her whole attitude telling of weariness and despair.  Her
lips were parched and dry, yet they still could utter the words,
"Huron," "Mother!"

Was there no one to respond; none to answer her?

Presently a woman better dressed than the majority among the crowd drew
near, and with the kindliness of a heart long softened by sorrow, and
one which found relief only in thought for others, she stayed to ask
the cause of the gathering there.

"Poor things," she said, as the crowd parted and her eyes fell on the
strange group; "they are surely strangers here, and their proud bearing
in such surroundings would lead one to suppose they are no common

Isota looked into the kind grey eyes, and though despair of ever being
understood had filled her heart, she uttered once again the words,
"Huron," "Mother!"

A woman's sympathy and love for another had led her to stay her steps
and ask the cause of the gathering crowd, and now an answering echo in
her heart, a sorrow long borne, a wound made and never healed, replied.
Isota and Alahcasla were taken home, the one to her mother's arms, the
other to seal with his death the sacrifice of his love.

The long strain, the hardships of the journey from which he had
shielded Isota, and the confinement of living in a house and amid
crowded streets where his free spirit could not breathe, was more than
the child of the mountains and plain could bear.

Isota tended him faithfully and closed his eyes in death.  Loving hands
laid him to rest in the beautiful cemetery just outside the town.  A
simple stone was set up, bearing the names "Alahcasla and Isota," thus
linking the living with the dead, and keeping alive the memory of the
one who had sacrificed his own happiness that the woman he loved might
be restored to her people.


Snow had fallen thick and fast during the night, and as we looked out
over the prairie and saw it still being driven in long rolling drifts
by the strong western wind, we shuddered and turned again gratefully to
the fire within the house.

The cold was so intense on that winter morning that we were slow in
getting out to our daily duties, a dilatoriness which we shared with
our fellow-citizens of the frontier town.  When late during the day we
strolled down the street, we were struck by a change in the appearance
of what had been one of the dreariest, most desolate and dilapidated
houses in the place.  The house had been vacant for some time, but
there was on the morning of which we speak unmistakable evidence of
life within its roughly built walls.

In the early spring three young men had paid our town a visit.  They
did not remain long; apparently they were not favorably impressed with
its appearance or with the manner of its citizens.  Our people were
certainly not of a style to attract, nor did they on their part care
for the presence of strangers.  This peculiarity probably arose from
the fact that respectable strangers seldom found their way there, and
the townsmen had lost all desire to cultivate the acquaintance of any
but those who belonged to the community.  Being, as we have said, a
frontier town, situated not far from the international boundary line,
many fugitives from justice had sought refuge among us, and the
presence of such an element was not conducive to the growth of the
town, either socially or commercially.  The shanties which these rough
characters had made their homes were, during the long winter nights,
veritable pandemoniums, and the looks and behavior of their occupants
were sufficient to deter any honest young man from taking up residence
among us.  Many of the houses, like that we have described, had fallen
into a dilapidated condition; log buildings were falling to pieces,
while in many of them factory cotton stretched over the sashes was the
substitute for glass long since broken, or possibly never inserted.
The roadways, too, were in a wretched condition, even on the one street
the town could boast of.

It was little wonder, therefore, that the young men referred to had
made so short a stay in the town.  Following the river, and choosing a
beautiful site on its banks farther north, they had pitched their
buffalo-skin lodge, and there they had lived for the months preceding
our story, cutting cord-wood, fishing and shooting.

We had seen so little of these men that we did not at first connect
them with the altered appearance of the old shanty on this bitter
winter morning.  In a town like ours, the inhabitants of which were
composed of such a heterogeneous mixture of men and manners, we did not
ask many questions of who or what a man was, unless there appeared to
be some good cause for such inquiries.  It was only after we recognized
in two of the young men the strangers who had passed through the town
in the early spring, that the surmise occurred to us that the third
might be the inmate of the old house.

We learned that the poor fellow had been ill for some time, and as he
grew worse and the weather more severe, his companions had decided to
bring him into the town, and see if any better help could not be
procured for him than they could give in their camp.

The hearts of the rough and even the most wicked men in the West beat
tenderly for the helpless, and it is well known that many of the most
hardened among them will give their last cent, aye, even their last
crust, to aid such among them as are rendered helpless by accident,
misfortune or disease.  This characteristic trait of the old-timer was
known to these strangers, and their confidence in the manifestation of
sympathy for their friend was not misplaced.  They had brought the sick
man into town upon a rudely-made sled, taking the precaution to wrap
him warmly in buffalo robe and blanket, that he might be protected from
the cold.  The journey over the smooth snow had been safely
accomplished, but the bed they found in the rough shanty was of the
barest description.  They had, however, made the best they could of it.
A curtain over the windows, the floor well swept, and the simple
furniture, consisting of the merest necessaries, gave it at least a
habitable appearance.  Here his friends left him.

Learning the poor man was alone, we went to see him.  At first,
although it was evident he was anxious for sympathy and help, he
regarded us with suspicion.  The water left by his bedside was frozen
in the cup, the fire had gone out, and the cold wind seemed to find its
way through every crack and crevice in the rude log walls.  The man was
pale and emaciated, and, when spoken to, his replies were interrupted
by the difficulty of breathing and pain of body.

"You have been sick for some time?" we asked.


"Where is your home?'


"Are your parents living?"


"Have you any money?"  A quick glance of suspicion was the only reply
to this last question.  We hastened to explain that we had no desire
for his money, and our question was prompted only by a wish to help him.

"We have come to do what we can for you, and if you have no money, we
can get some and use it for you, and see that you want for nothing."

"I guess--I'm not--down--to bed-rock--yet," was the muttered reply.

"Will you tell us your name?" we asked.


We needed no deep knowledge of the man to recognize that this was not
his true name.  We were not unprepared for it.  Many of the old-timers
had several, and it was not until we became intimate with them that we
learned their true names.

We went again many times to see Jerry, and always found him alone.  It
seemed strange that his companions should desert him, and we also
noticed that the old-timers avoided his shanty.  They were not as ready
to afford him the aid usually given to the lonely and helpless, whose
lot it was to be among them.  Jerry was a castaway--ostracized by
whiskey-traders and gamblers.  Why or wherefore we failed to learn.

The weather grew colder, the sick man every day worse, and at last it
became absolutely necessary to remove him to some warmer shelter than
the old shanty.  There was in the town an old man who was known by the
name of Kamusi, a genuine specimen of the "old-timer."  He was rough
and ready in language and manners, drank freely and gambled and
grumbled continually, yet in all the country there was not a more
tender-hearted man.  He had an Indian wife and several half-breed
children, whom he loved intensely and swore at incessantly.  He led a
careless, easy-going and, in some respects, a wild life, yet he was the
most liberal giver to the Indian school and mission church.  The log
building, consisting of the kitchen, where Ling, the Chinaman, cooked,
a small dining-room, a billiard and bar-room, which represented the
hotel in the town, was owned and kept by Kamusi.  This rough old man
offered to take Jerry in and care for him free of expense.

We carried the sick man on a blanket, and laid him on an old mattress
in the corner of the billiard-room.  There, amid the strange
surroundings of men and women, Indians, Mounted Police, half-breeds,
traders, cowboys, and rough settlers, the sick man lay slowly dying.
We went to see him frequently, and endeavored to lead his thoughts
upward to higher things.  The men at the billiard table, as we talked,
would often lower their voices or play more quietly in deference to our
presence, or it might be to the near approach of the deepening shadow
of the death-angel's wings; and eager as they were over the games or
the sums at stake, they gave many a thought to the dying man so near to

We had succeeded in getting a doctor to look at him, but he could do no
more than repeat our own opinion that the man had not long to live.  As
we tried to tell him of the way of peace, and prayed, our hands resting
on the side of the billiard table, the gamesters ceased, doffed their
hats, and let their cues rest on the floor.  Such a prayer-meeting, in
such a place and with such a congregation, could not but leave abiding
memories in many hearts, and, we trust, led some to better living.

A few days before his death one of Jerry's old comrades returned, and
by his devoted attention and continuous watch over the dying man
aroused the suspicions of some of the men who frequented the
billiard-room.  Rumors were soon floating about that Jerry was known to
have possessed several hundred dollars.  No one knew where it was
hidden, and the general opinion was that Tom Hastings was after no good.

One night just before Jerry died, and after a draught had been given
him to ease the pain he was suffering, he seemed anxious to communicate
some intelligence.  Unable to speak, he traced, with feeble, trembling
fingers, some straggling characters on the wall against which he lay.
We could not decipher their meaning, but the men standing near seemed
to understand.  Presently two of them mounted their horses and rode out
of the town.

Jerry died the next day, and we buried him on the prairie.  No one, not
even his two "pals," knew or could tell where Jerry came from.  We made
some inquiries, but failed to find any of his relatives or obtain
information of where his parents lived.  We knew no more about him than
what he had told us himself in answer to our first questions.

Some days after his companion's death, Tom Hastings went south with an
ox-train.  Before he left he paid all who had incurred any expense in
befriending the sick man.  Pete Rowley, the third of the trio, remained
in the country and seemed to prosper for a time.  He never worked, but
was always well dressed and appeared to have all the money he required.
After hovering about the billiard tables for several months he
disappeared.  No one cared to ask where he had gone.

What the writing on the wall betrayed, who had found the treasure whose
hiding-place Jerry's trembling hand had described, we never knew; but
we often thought that if wrong had been done by any or either of his
friends, a day of retribution would surely come to the one who had
acquired it, and the mystery surrounding it would then be fully


The Blood Indian camp was pitched on one of the bottoms of the Kootenay
River, and with its two hundred or more lodges formed a picturesque
group, the painted buffalo-skins of the lodges and the gay attire of
the numerous Indians who rode in and out among them and on the
surrounding prairie, making a brilliant and attractive scene.

There was unusual excitement in the camp on the evening on which our
story opens.  This excitement was most noticeable among the female
portion of it, and was caused by the arrival of Major Brown, an
Englishman, and a fine specimen of that educated class of his
countrymen who, being possessed of private means, are able to indulge
their desire of change and adventure.  White men had visited the camp
before; some had even made their homes for a few months among the
tribe, but never at any time had so much interest and curiosity been
excited, or so many questioning glances been exchanged between the
women as on the arrival of this particular Englishman.

Major Brown's personal appearance was doubtless a sufficient reason for
the unwonted stir among the women, especially in the lodges where the
younger ones dwelt.  He certainly was a handsome man, and, in conscious
indifference to its effect, bore himself in a dignified manner among
the people.  Belonging to an old family of noble lineage, his youth had
been spent in one of the best public schools; two years of hard work at
Oxford had followed, and the foundation of a good education laid.
Unable, owing to a lack of fortune, to maintain the position his birth
and education had entitled him to in the Old World, he determined at
the close of the two years' residence in the University to seek a home
where he might in a short time earn sufficient to enable him to start a
good business in England, and eventually become one of her merchant
princes.  His friends tried to dissuade him from carrying out this
plan, but without success.  He had heard of the Indians, had read much
of the sport to be had, of the freedom of the life in the north-western
part of Canada, and the conditions of existence appeared so fascinating
to him, so attractive in comparison with the formality and
conventionality of social life at home, that he could not be induced to
give up a prospect of pleasant adventure for the present and possible
prosperity for the future to live a narrow life hampered by want of
means at home.  Therefore bidding his friends farewell, he set out for
the New World, resolved to make a stay of some years in the far West.
He arrived in the country at the time when a great gathering of the
tribes--Crees, Stoneys, Blackfeet, Piegans, Bloods and Sarcees--was
assembled at the Blackfoot Crossing.

The tribes had been invited to meet the representatives of the
Government at Blackfoot Crossing.  Having implicit confidence in the
Great Mother, the Queen, they made their way to the place of meeting.
There were assembled nearly three thousand belonging to the different
tribes when Major Brown arrived.  He was much impressed with the
people, and listened in amazement to the oratory of Crowfoot, Red Crow
and Bear's-paw, notable chiefs of the Blackfoot, Blood and Cree tribes.
The Government Commissioners addressed the people in the name of the
Queen, urging them to make a treaty surrendering their lands to her for
the benefit of her subjects, and assuring them that she would
compensate them amply for their loyalty.

It seemed a difficult matter for the Indians to give up the lands
whereon they had dwelt so long, and to allow the white man to come in
and take possession, but they knew that every promise which had
hitherto been made to them in the Queen's name had been faithfully
fulfilled, and that the advice given them was for their good.

The great chief of the Blackfeet, Crowfoot, arose, and addressing the
Commissioners in the presence of the large assemblage, said, in the
impressive manner of which he was a master:

"While I speak, be kind and patient.  I have to speak to my people, who
are numerous, and who rely upon me to follow that course which in the
future will tend to their good.  The plains are large and wide.  We are
the children of the plains.  It is our home, and the buffalo has always
been our food.  I hope you look upon the Bloods, Blackfeet and Sarcees
as your children now, and that you will be indulgent and charitable to
them.  They all expect me to speak now for them, and I trust that the
Great Spirit will put it into their breasts--into the minds of the men,
women and children and their future generations--to be a good people.

"The advice given me and my people has proved to be very good.  If the
police had not come to this country, where would we all be now?  Bad
men and whiskey men were killing us so fast that very few, indeed, of
us would have been left to-day.  The police have protected us as the
feathers of the bird protect it from the frosts of winter.  I wish them
good, and trust that all our hearts will increase in goodness from this
time forward.  I am satisfied; I will sign the treaty."

Several others spoke, but they for the most part repeated what Crowfoot
had said.  At last the terms of the treaty being fully explained and
understood, the names of the chiefs were written in the native
language, and the men signed it with their marks or totems.

Food was given the people, and the chiefs accepted the officers'
uniforms and medals which were given in commemoration of the event.
After being informed that they would receive their money payments
regularly every year, the vast assembly dispersed.

Major Brown was busy among the people, and through the aid of one of
the interpreters he made many friends among the red men.

A large detachment of Mounted Police travelled southward until they
came to the prairie village on the banks of the Old Man's River, where
they had erected their barracks of logs and mud.  The Major accompanied
them, and was not long in getting a position as clerk in one of the
trading establishments in the primitive-looking town, where by his
manly bearing and genial disposition he very soon made friends among
the white people and the red men.

After breaking up their camp the Indians started southward on a buffalo
hunt, and few of them were again seen until about the time when they
returned for the annual treaty payment.  They met on the banks of the
Kootenay River, pitched their camp and then rode into the prairie
village to receive their annuities.

Several thousands of dollars were paid, for each received five dollars
per annum--men, women and children--the chiefs receiving ten dollars
and the head chief twenty-five dollars.

As soon as the payments were over Major Brown set out with three men
and a large supply of goods for the Indian camp, and it was upon his
arrival that the women were struck with the handsome appearance of the
tall Englishman.

A large tent was pitched, and the people gathered in large numbers to
feast their eyes, like little children, upon the great display.
Blankets, beads, tea, tobacco, fancy pipes, shirts, belts, guns and
various kinds of cloth in fancy colors attracted young and old.

The presence of the Mounted Police in the country had made it possible
for this handful of men to expose their goods in this loose fashion
among the people.  In the days previous to the advent of this force of
red-coats the trading was done in a very different fashion.  Formerly
the traders built a log fort, which they fortified with a high
stockade.  A few Indians were allowed to enter for the purpose of
trading, and while they stood at the counter they were guarded by men
who had rifles, ready to shoot them down if they showed any intention
of stealing, or acted in a spirit of enmity.  Brawls were frequent
under such conditions, as some of the traders were unscrupulous, and
when under the influence of liquor took advantage of the natives.

The Major had picked up some of the common words among the people, and
was able to make himself understood.  A brisk trade was done in the
camp for several days.  The Indians were paid in one-dollar bills, as
they did not understand bills of a larger denomination.

Five women were seated in a lodge conversing while the men were
visiting their friends or buying goods at the trading tent.

One of them spoke up saying, "Have you seen the tall man?" and another
said, "Yes; have you seen the white chief?"  "He is a handsome man!"
"He has a good temper!"  "He does not get angry!"  "He is always

With expressions such as these, mingled with a gentle titter, the women
talked about the man who was in charge of the tent.

"Has he a wife?"

"No! he has not any," replied one of the women.  "I was at his lodge
and I did not see any woman there, and he has not another tent in the

"He is like all other white men; he does not care for an Indian woman,"
ejaculated another.

"No! he is not like others; he is a far better looking man, and he
would not treat an Indian woman like them.  He has too good a heart."

"I would not trust him.  He is like all the others.  They are all
alike.  My chief says they are all the same.  They look very pleasant,
but they have the heart of a snake."

In the lodge sat a young woman who took no part in the conversation,
and yet listened intently to the words of the others.  She was an
interested listener, but with the quiet demeanor of an Indian her
countenance was unmoved while they were speaking.  She was a comely
maiden of about fifteen or sixteen years, whom her father loved so much
that he would not give her to any of the men in the camp; thus she had
remained unmarried longer than was generally the case.  She was modest
and beautiful, dressed neatly and worked hard.  She, too, had seen the
white chief, as they called Major Brown, for she had accompanied her
father several times to trade.  He had even spoken to her, and she had
replied in her own quiet way to his questions when her father signified
his desire for her to speak.  It was not, therefore, an uninteresting
conversation to her, although she refrained from discussing his
personal appearance or character.

"Come, Napiake, what do you think of the white chief?" asked one of the

"I don't think anything about him," she replied, in her modest way.

"Oh, yes, you do," replied one of the group.  "You do not go to the
trading tent with your father every day for nothing."

She was silent, however, upon this subject, and although the women
tried to draw her out by their questions they failed.  It could not be
doubted, however, from the expression of her eye, that she had
experienced some emotion when the subject was touched upon, but from
her manner she seemed to care little about the matter.  This may have
arisen from her womanly nature.  At any rate she remained quiet while
the women talked on upon a topic so pleasing to them.

After the busy time was over, the white men determined to remain two or
three days longer, and during this period Major Brown was a frequent
visitor at the old man's lodge.  He seldom came without bringing some
tobacco or other present to the chief, and although he did not
understand much of the native language, he listened respectfully while
the chief would relate in his own animated style the thrilling tales of
his early days.

The Major was able to follow him to some extent in his stories, and at
any rate he seemed delighted with what the old man said, which pleased
his host very much.  Napiake sat in the lodge an interested listener.

The tent at last was cleared of all the goods and placed on the large
wagon, and in a few hours they would take their departure for town.
Major Brown bought a fine horse and made a present of it to the chief,
with a gun and some provisions.  He then turned to the young woman and
simply said, "Napiake."  The father nodded his head, spoke a few words
to her in the Blackfoot tongue, and the girl arose, dressed herself and
followed Major Brown.

The women peered from the doors of their lodges, but Napiake cared not,
for well she knew that some of them would be jealous and others
delighted that she was the wife of the white chief.  Unceremonious it
might seem to the civilized, but Napiake had long expected that some
day she would have to go forth at the bidding of her father to be the
wife of some Indian who would take her father's fancy, or reward him
well, so that his love would be outweighed.  The time had come, and she
had got better than an Indian chief for her husband, and the maiden was
delighted beyond measure.  She had heard that the white men had only
one wife each, and that they were kind to them, so felt that she was
elevated above the Indian maidens in thus becoming the sole wife of one
man.  Unregretfully she left her father's lodge, for she was going not
more than a day's journey distant, so that she could see her kin often;
besides she had remained at home full two years longer than the maidens
of her camp, and she felt grateful to her father for his love.

Major Brown was a happy man as this beautiful Indian woman of tender
years followed him at a close distance.  He was following the custom of
the white men in the country in taking an Indian woman for his wife.
He placed her upon the wagon and along with the men she went to town.
She found a home for two weeks with the Indian wife of one of the white
men in town, and during this time the Major built a small log-house,
neat and comfortable, and furnished it well.  Napiake was pleased to
have a house of her own, and she set to work to make it as attractive
as she could for her husband.  As husband and wife they were happy and
contented.  He had a good situation, was steady and industrious, and
she was tidy, hard working, and faithful.

A babe was born to them and their cup of happiness seemed full.  He was
the welcome heir of the log mansion, the father's pride and the
mother's joy.  At night when the heavy day's work was done, the Major
would dandle the child on his knee, and sing and coo to him.  He was
happy, and nothing could induce him to leave his home in the evenings.
The babe resembled his father, a fact of which both parents were proud.

The child was only a few months old when Major Brown received
instructions to proceed to Pincher Creek, nearly forty miles distant,
with a supply of goods to trade with a camp of Indians located there.
The Major and Napiake went along with the other members of the party
who were to accompany them.

A few days were spent with the Indians near the mountains, and upon
their return home, the mail having arrived, the Major found some
important letters awaiting him from the home land.  The business of the
camp for a time kept him later than usual at his office, but after the
busy season was over, he informed Napiake that he was going to give her
a visit of a few days in the camp with her friends, and during her
absence he would start off to the mountains on a hunting expedition.

Napiake was delighted with the idea, as she had seen the Major's face
for the past few days was paler than usual, and felt sure that a
hunting expedition to the mountains would restore the color to his
cheeks.  She began at once to make clothes for her babe, that she might
show him off to advantage in the lodges of her people.

The day came for her departure, and the Major took her and the child to
the lodges of her people.  Napiake and her babe were received with
great joy, and her husband welcomed, for the Major had not been in the
camp more than twice since the day that he took Napiake from her home.
Nearly three years had passed since she departed with the Major, but it
had been such a happy period that it seemed but as yesterday since she
turned her back upon her father's home.

Major Brown returned to the camp at the time promised for Napiake and
his child, and the aged chief was delighted to see him.  The Major took
his wife and child to their home, and was as happy as ever in their
company.  Napiake said nothing to him about what she had heard in the
camp, for she had trusted him, and he seemed to be worthy of all her

A few months passed by and another babe was born.  The Indians came to
see the fair skinned babe, whom they named Morning Star.  She shed her
light for a while in the home, and then it was suddenly extinguished.
The child sickened and died, and great was the sorrow of the household
at her loss.  But there is always a blessing in affliction, uniting the
hearts of the sorrowing ones more firmly together and increasing their
love for each other.  And it was so in this instance.  The Major could
not do enough for his wife to soothe her heart for the loss of the
babe.  Little Morning Star was placed in a beautiful coffin, and laid
away to rest in the ground beside the graves of the white men in the

Napiake often wandered with her little boy to the grave of her darling,
and sitting beside it she would pour out her grief.  So intense was it
that she oftentimes forgot to go home, and the Major would find her
weeping by the spot.  The father was sad, but he restrained his grief
and endeavored to comfort his wife.

One evening after the mail had come in, Major Brown came home with a
serious countenance.  His wife and child met him at the door.  At once
his serious mood disappeared and he was himself again.  He dandled his
boy upon his knee and talked cheerfully to Napiake.  Supper over, he
drew a large envelope from his pocket, and opening the letter it
contained, read it inaudibly, but with an earnest, serious expression
on his face.  His wife busied herself about her household duties,
glancing occasionally at the Major as he sat poring over his letter.

"Napiake," he said sadly, "I am going on a long journey across the sea.
I have some important business to attend to at my old home, and I must
go there to look after it."

[Illustration: "Napiake," he said sadly, "I am going on a long journey
across the sea."]

The woman stopped her work as the Major uttered these words, a great
fear coming into her heart.

"May I not go with you and make you happy among your people?  I am
willing to go anywhere with you," she said, as she looked steadfastly
in his face.

"That would never do, Napiake, to take you away from your own people."

The tears started to her eyes.  Was her devoted husband going to leave
her, and would he never return?  Perhaps he might follow the example of
others, and leave her.  No, that was impossible.  He was too good.  She
never had cause to doubt his faithfulness, and she knew that he would
either take her or return to dwell in the country.

"When are you coming back?" she asked timorously.

"I shall be absent about a year, and then I will return, and we shall
never again be parted."

Napiake gazed earnestly at him through her falling tears, but his
glance was so honest and true that she said, "Well!"  Not a word more
escaped her lips, but the tears ran freely down her cheeks.

In a few weeks the Major had all his matters arranged and was ready to
leave.  A few minor matters had to be attended to, so he took his wife
and child to camp.  The aged chief received him with marks of esteem.
He loved his son-in-law, and thought there was no one in all the
country equal to him for ability, and he never tired telling his
friends that the Major was a handsome man.

The Major related his plans to his father-in-law, who listened
attentively, and when he had finished he placed a sum of money in the
hands of the old man.

Early next morning as he bade them farewell, a large party stood around
the lodge to see him depart.  He stooped and kissed Napiake and his
son, and with a wave of his hand, drove away.

A grand banquet was given the Major in town by his friends, many of
whom came miles to attend this farewell supper, for he was a great
favorite with all.  A large crowd gathered about the stage-coach to
shake hands with him as he said good-bye to one and all.

That same evening there were a number of his friends in the neighboring
town of Leighton to see him off at the little railroad station.  The
night was dark, and as he stood in the circle of friends, he excused
himself for a moment and stepped aside.  There in the gloom stood an
Indian woman with her boy, looking on and weeping.  It was Napiake and
her child who had come a distance of thirty miles to get a last glimpse
of him.  Faithful to the last, there she stood, weeping disconsolately.

The Major was touched by this evidence of her devotion to him, but as
he strove to comfort her the conductor shouted, "All aboard!" the
engine whistled, and the Major, placing a sum of money in the hands of
each, kissed them both, sprang upon the train, and was gone.  Napiake
and the boy watched the retreating train until it disappeared in the
darkness, and then sadly retraced their way to the camp.

"I'll give you two horses for her," said Pinakwaiem.

"Two horses are not enough.  She is a good worker, and she is young,
and you know she can talk English, and is a good housekeeper, for she
was the wife of the white chief."

"The wife of the white chief!  And that's the reason she is not worth
so much.  I'll give you the two horses."

"All right, you can have her."

Napiake, after waiting patiently for two years for the return of her
white chief, had become the wife of an old Indian, sold for two horses
and destined to slavery.  Pinakwaiem led Napiake and her son to his
lodge.  Not a word escaped from the patient woman.  As a sheep led to
the slaughter she was dumb, submissively following the man who had
bought her, for she was now his wife according to the Indian custom.
There were three women already in the lodge to which she was going who
were recognized as wives, and Napiake as the latest addition held a
good position for a while amongst them.  The old man then treated them
well, and she seemed to have a hold upon his affections.  She did her
work faithfully, uttering no word of complaint.  But in a few months
the novelty of the new life wore off, and Pinakwaiem began to treat her
harshly.  It was not hard for him to see that her heart was not with
him.  Napiake never smiled, and seldom spoke.  Her life was sad and
hard.  She carried the wood from the bush on her back, the burden
bending her almost in two, and bore large pails full of water a long
distance from the stream.  Her little boy seemed to be always in the
way; he was scolded, but never struck, for the customs of the natives
frown upon the harsh treatment of children.

The old life and the new were in strange contrast.  She had become the
drudge of the lodge and the most despised of the wives of the old man.
Doomed as she now was to a life of sadness, toil and oppression, all
hope died out of her heart and she had no delight in any of the
amusements of the camp.

Sometimes the name of the white chief was mentioned in her presence as
a taunt, and stung with the remembrance of her former treatment,
Napiake sought peace in the solitude of the bush or by the river, where
she sat for hours with her little boy by her side.  She gave not
railing for railing.  The sweet and beautiful countenance of the former
days had fled, and given place to a haggard expression which made her
appear to be an old woman, as she dragged her wearied limbs through the
camp.  Some of the Indians jeered at her, but others pitied her in her
loneliness and grief.  The thought of her boy alone sustained her, and
by a great effort she determined to live for him.

She could not flee to another camp, there was no place for her among
the white people, divorce there was none, and she hoped that some day
her Indian husband might sell her to another Indian who might treat her
more humanely.  But the seeds of disease were sown in her system, and
she was already doomed to fall a victim to the curse of the Indians,
that fell destroyer, consumption.

The medicine drum was beaten night after night, and the song and
prayers of the medicine-man sounded through the camp.  But all was of
no avail; Napiake's life was slowly ebbing away.

Late one night there entered the lodge a white man, dignified and
grave.  The Indians gave him the seat of honor in the lodge.  He knelt
beside the sick woman, beautiful now as ever in the days of health.
The haggard looks had disappeared, and a peaceful contentment rested
upon her face.  The visitor spoke in a low tone, and Napiake listened,
attentively answering his questions.  Her father and friends leaned
forward to catch her faintly expressed words.  After some quiet
conversation, raising herself in a state of excitement and looking the
missionary in the face, Napiake inquired:

"Shall we see each other there?"

"Yes, in the land of God, we shall see each other."

"Shall we know each other?" eagerly asked the woman upon whose
countenance the shadow of the death-angel had fallen.

"Yes," was the simple answer of the man.

"I shall see him!  I shall see him!  Shall we live there always?"

"Yes, we shall, never to be parted again!"

Napiake fell back upon her couch, saying, "I'm satisfied, I'm
satisfied!  God is just."

A few heavings of the breast and the hands fell by her side.  Napiake,
the beautiful Blackfoot woman, was at rest.

In a large and busy manufacturing town in the west of England, a
merchant sat in his office reading his letters.  At the door stood a
coach with a pair of handsome horses; seated in it a lady with a babe
upon her knee.

"Tell your master that I am waiting," said she to the footman, who
promptly obeyed the command.

"I will be there in a few minutes," was the reply.  The merchant seldom
went for a drive, his extensive business usually requiring his whole
attention; but he had made up his mind to spend this afternoon with his
wife and child.  The letter-carrier had just delivered his mail, and he
was hastening to give directions to the letter clerks to answer them
before leaving.

Among the others was a paper from the Canadian North-West, in which a
marked paragraph caught his eye:

"There died last Friday, on the Blood Reserve, Napiake, an Indian
squaw.  Some of the pioneers of the district may remember her as a
beautiful woman when she was young, who lived for a time in the village
in the early days."

Turning suddenly pale, he laid the paper aside and left the office.  As
he sat in the coach his wife pointed to several objects of interest
which they passed, chatting freely about them, but he paid little
attention.  It was as though he heard her not.  All her efforts to
drive away his morose silence were in vain.  Far away at the foot of
the Rocky Mountains the husband saw a woman dying in an Indian lodge, a
woman who loved him to the last, but whom he had deserted and
forgotten.  Forgotten?  No!  He could never forget her.

But in that busy English town he is a merchant prince, holding an
honored position in society.  He is a member of several societies, and
is often speaking on behalf of the enfranchisement of women and popular

Sometimes an old man leading a boy by the hand may be seen standing
beside a mound on the wide prairie of the West, but there is no other
that ever visits that lonely grave.

Little Charlie Brown finds a home among the Indians, depending on them
for food and clothing, and sometimes an old-timer takes compassion upon
the boy and gives him a morsel of food or some clothing.  He endures
the poverty of an Indian lodge, while over the sea his father enjoys
the comforts of an English mansion.


Night after night during the long and dreary winter, from where the
lodges were pitched among the small patches of timber that fringed the
river bank, came the low, monotonous beating of the medicine-drums, a
sad refrain telling the story of sickness and death.

"Take pity on me!  Take pity on me!" floated upon the evening air, a
wail from the lips of the aged warrior as he lay on his earthen couch
and wrestled with the grim spirits who were waiting for his soul.

Thick clouds of pestilential fever hung over the camp.  The ruddy glow
of the lodge fires served but to deepen the gloom.  The happy hunting
days were gone; the excitement of the buffalo chase was a thing of the
past.  The ancient traditions of the coming of a race of white men who
were superior in numbers and strength were now being fulfilled, and the
hearts of the mourners in the camp by the river were heavy.  "Take pity
on me!" was the burden of their song.  Strong men bowed their heads as
they uttered the plaintive words; the women wept and prayed.  The
children alone were merry and wondered why their mothers were sad.

In the deep recesses of the wood, high in the forks of the trees, the
dead lay still and cold, freed from the pain and poverty of the
plague-stricken camps.  No angel visitant came with mercy in her hands
to relieve the sick or to bestow gifts upon the poor.  Forsaken by
friends and foes, the dying turned from their friends and sighed their
lives away.

Night had closed in upon the desolate scene, and the dwellers in the
lodges were seeking what rest they might, when a sharp cry rent the air
causing many to raise their heads and listen.  But it was no warning
shout of danger; it was only the wail of a stricken heart.  A father
had returned from the mountains, whither he had gone in quest of game,
and on entering his lodge found none to meet him save an aged
medicine-woman.  Wife, sister and children had all been called to the
spirit-land.  His hearth was desolate; the song and the prattle of
merry childhood which had always greeted his home-coming were silenced
forever.  Throwing himself upon the ground he wailed forth his anguish
in the cry that had startled the sleeping camp.

Hope had well-nigh died in the breasts of the people.  Their
medicine-men's charms no longer protected them from sickness, and their
guardian spirits had abandoned them in the hour of distress.  They
prayed and longed for release from the pain and burden of life.  Yet a
few days more and their prayers would be answered.

The morning sun was gilding the eastern horizon as a young man,
footsore and weary, drew near the camp and ran eagerly toward the
chief's lodge.

"What news?  What news?" asked the people of each other, but none could
reply.  The men dragged themselves to the lodge where the young man
waited impatiently the coming of the chief.  The latter entered
presently with his friends, and in obedience to his command the young
man delivered his message before them all.

"Chief: It is now three moons since I left my people here and travelled
toward the northern land, where dwell the Sarcees, Crees and Stoneys.
I went to a large camp of the Crees.  The people received me in
kindness and supplied me with every need.  Their hearts were filled
with joy and they sang from daylight till the darkness fell.  There was
abundance of food; the medicine-man's drum had ceased to beat, there
was no sickness in their camps.  Guardian spirits hovered over the
lodges, and as I sat day after day among the people I listened to songs
and stories that were strange to my ears.  I waited for the feasts that
we ofttimes have in our own camps that I might take part in the
amusements of my people, but as I spoke of these things they gazed at
me in astonishment and pity.  I became angry and would have departed
had not an aged chief named Jacob come into the lodge.

"The old chief looked upon me with kindness in his eyes and addressed
me in my native tongue.  He related to me the tales of my childhood and
my heart was glad.  I had found a spirit kindred to my own.  He spoke
of the 'Old Man of the Mountains,' the 'Blood Clot Boy,' the 'Morning
Star' and all the wonderful things they had done.

"'Your fathers have told you, young man,' he said, 'of the coming of a
tribe vast in numbers and different in color and habits from the
Indians of the plains.  You have listened in the lodges of the south to
the story of the great hero Apauakas, who is to come bringing blessings
in his hands for all the people.  When he comes the buffalo shall
increase in number, the people shall have food in plenty and shall not
need to toil so hard.  The land shall obey his command, the rivers
shall have many fishes, the mountains and prairies be covered with
antelope, sheep and goats.  The wolf and the bear shall flee away into
the secret places of the hills, and no longer shall they molest us.
Our camp shall be filled with children and happy mothers.  My son, the
Great Chief is coming! coming!'

"My heart was filled with joy as I listened to his words, and I longed
for the coming of Apauakas.  The chief had risen as he thus spoke
kindly to me, but was silent.  He struggled to control his emotions,
then leaning forward and gazing earnestly into my face he said slowly:

"'Young man, the white tribe has come, the prophecy is fulfilled.  All
over the prairie the men and women of the white tribe are building
their lodges.  The buffalo have fled before their presence, disease and
death have spread desolation among our camps.  The land of our fathers
has been taken from us, the Indian race is doomed to depart before the
feet of the white stranger and we dwell in the land of an enemy.  Would
that I had died before I had seen this hour; I had then been spared the
pain and anguish that have fallen upon us.'

"As he ceased, smitten with sorrow and anger, I laid my hand upon my
knife, determined to depart and slay the oppressor or drive him from
the land.  But the chief spoke again.

"'I am not done,' he said.  'When I think of the happy days enjoyed by
my people I am silent, though the warm blood coursing through my veins
makes it hard to restrain my anger.  One day as we sat in our lodges
nursing our sick in sadness, while the medicine-men beat their drums
and prayed, there came to our camp from the lodges of the white tribe a
pale-faced man.  He could not speak our language, but he made signs
that he wished to live with us.  We suffered him to stay, and gave him
a share of our scanty food.

"'Every morning and evening he knelt upon the ground and prayed.  We
knew not what he said, for his tongue was strange to us.  He helped the
men and women at their work, played with the children, and nursed the
sick.  He learned our language quickly, and then he began to tell us of
a Great Teacher who had come to bless all people.

"'He held in his hand pieces of bark of a kind we knew not.  They were
fastened together and had writing on them that was not like the writing
upon our lodges.  These he held reverently, for he said it was "the
writing sent by the Great Spirit to his children."

"'Day by day we gathered in the lodges or under the shade of the trees,
and listened to the holy man as he sang sweet songs and taught them to
us in our native tongue.  He prayed and the sick were healed.  He
struck the ground, poured water upon it, and food came out of it for
young and old.

"'We prayed to him, and then he became angry.  "I am only a man," he
said; "pray to the Great Spirit."  We followed him wherever he went,
and blessings came to us.  Again and again he told us the story of the
Great Teacher, and we drank eagerly of his words.  The sick and the
aged sent for him and said, "Tell it over again!" and when he told it
they said, "Tell it again!"

"'One day when the people were assembled listening to his words, a
little child sat beside him.  Again he related the glory of the coming
Great Chief, of the peace and joy that would dwell in our camps when
the little children should know and love Him.  As he looked upon the
writing and sang and prayed, his lips quivered and tears flowed from
his eyes.  The little child by his side looked up into his face and
then at the people, and whispered, "Apauakas!"

"'Then the people fell upon their faces and cried with one voice,
"Apauakas!  Apauakas!"  As they rose they saw the white stranger on his
knees and heard him say, "He has come!  Christ has come!"

"As the aged chief Jacob related this to me, the people in the lodge
clasped their hands together and sang a song about Apauakas, whom they
called the Christ.  When they had finished, Jacob took my hand and
said, 'Young man, the Great Teacher has come; stay with us and you will
see Him soon, for He dwells in our hearts and gives us peace.'  I
therefore stayed in the camp and looked daily for His coming, but I saw
Him not.

"My heart was sad, and I prayed to the spirits of the prairie to help
me.  I walked, turning over in my thoughts all the wonderful things I
had heard.  I fell upon my face and groaned, 'Apauakas!  Apauakas!'
Brothers, my cry was answered: a bright light shone around me, and a
voice from the overhanging clouds said gently, 'Arise!  Apauakas has
come.  Call me no longer Apauakas, but Christ, for I shall aid and
deliver you from all your foes!'

"I arose and sped towards the camp, and as the people saw me coming,
they ran to meet me, shouting, 'He has found the Christ!  The Christ
has come!'  I sang for joy, and the weeks fled as if they were but

"One day the chief came to me and said, 'Brother, a messenger has come
from the south bearing sad tidings.  Sickness and death are in the
camps of your people.  Go, tell them of Apauakas the Great Teacher, who
will relieve and bless them in their hours of woe.'

"I bade him farewell and hurried homeward.  My heart sank within me as
I came through the wood near the camp and beheld the trees bearing the
bodies of my people whom I had left strong and well.  I bring a message
of peace.  Apauakas has come to bless and heal His children.  Chief, I
have finished."

The eager eyes and haggard countenances of the men who listened to the
young man's story had been strained and then relaxed as they followed
the story with absorbing interest to the end.  A great silence fell
upon the lodge, and one by one the men arose and went away to their own
lodges.  They spoke no word, but pondered in silence over the strange
things that they had heard.  Throughout the next day they talked to
each other by the lodge fires; the coming of Apauakas was the burden of
the stories told to the women, and a deep, earnest longing took
possession of their hearts.  At evening time they waited and prayed,
but He came not.  Despair began once more to be depicted on the faces
of the people, and the signs of a coming storm added fear to their
misery.  The sky grew dark, the air heavy.  As they waited in an agony
of spirit for the consummation of all their woes, the storm broke, and
as it increased in strength the women prayed.  One voice alone was
heard above the wild wailing of the wind, and the terror-stricken
inmates of the lodges listened as it sang, "Apauakas is coming! coming

At this the women stilled their whispered prayers and waited, looking
for the Teacher.  The rain ceased to beat upon the lodges, the clouds
were swept from the sky, the sun shone out in all its glory, and the
air seemed full of voices singing words of love and tenderness.

They looked to where the young man knelt, and saw that a smile of joy
rested on his face as he gazed up into the heavens.  A strange feeling
of awe made them bow their heads.  When they looked again they saw he
had fallen to the ground.  They ran to him, and as they raised him in
their arms, gazing in pity into his face, he murmured, "Apauakas has
come!" and closed his eyes.

A beautiful spot on the prairie is the honored resting-place of the
gentle messenger of love; the Great Teacher had come and taken him
home.  Health, peace and comfort returned to the people, bringing with
them a better knowledge, a nobler life.  The stranger who now sits in
the lodges and listens to the stories told by the Indians will hear the
young man's name repeated with reverence as the prophet who led his
people to look for the coming of the Teacher, and see eyes suffused
with tears as they repeat,



  WESTERN CANADA, 1842-1862.



Read the following comments:

"This is a true boy's book, and equals in stirring interest anything
written by Kingston or Ballantyne.  It ought to sell by the
thousand."--Mrs. S. A. Curzon, in _Orillia Packet_.

"Possessed of an intimate acquaintance with all the varied aspects of
frontier life, Mr. McDougall has produced a book that will delight the
heart of every boy reader."--_Endeavor Herald_.

"There are many graphic descriptions of scenes in that vast fertile
region in those early days when travelling was difficult and dangerous,
but most fascinating to a youth of John McDougall's temperament and
training.  He lives those stirring times over again in his lively
narrative, and relates his personal experiences with all the glow and
vividness of an ardent, youthful hunter."--_Canadian Baptist_.

Canadian Savage Folk

The Native Tribes of Canada.




In one volume, 642 pages, fully illustrated and handsomely bound.

PRICE, . . $2.50


"There is no man in Canada, possibly anywhere, who has made a more
careful, painstaking life-work in the study of the aboriginal races and
all the writings extant relative to them, their traditions and history,
than Dr. John Maclean....  While gleaning information from all the
recognizedly authentic sources, Dr. Maclean, by his personal experience
and individual knowledge, has added not only a vast amount of hitherto
unpublished material, but has revivified and reset the old in the most
attractive and readable form."--_The Week_.

"The whole ground is covered with a wealth of historic knowledge, while
the style makes it as interesting as a romance.  The author's
familiarity with the subject, being for years a missionary in the far
North-West, makes the work a thoroughly reliable treatise."--_Neepawa






PRICE, $1.00.

"... If it be their good fortune to obtain it, 'SADDLE, SLED AND
SNOWSHOE' will not disappoint their most sanguine expectations....
While hard work, hardship, and plucky endurance characterize and give
vim and go to the story, the incidents in which the love of fun,
inherent in every boy's nature, finds opportunity of play, add much to
the brightness and realistic value of the book.  The book is well
illustrated, the drawings being faithful to the reality, and the scenes
well chosen."--_The Week_.

Press Comments on "Forest, Lake and Prairie."

"Mr. McDougall is a true child of nature.  He has passed through scenes
that would stir the pulses of less impulsive men, and he writes with
the keenest enthusiasm: and this spirit possesses the reader of his
thrilling pages."--_Christian Guardian_.

"I have read no book better fitted to inspire our Canadian boys with a
healthy interest in their own undiscovered country: nor any more
calculated to put into our growing youth the strong, sturdy,
self-reliant spirit of a real manhood, an heroic, muscular
Christianity."--_Canadian Home Journal_.

WILLIAM BRIGGS, Publisher, Toronto.

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