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Title: Neghborly Poems and Dialect Sketches
Author: Riley, James Whitcomb, 1849-1916
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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Copyright 1883, 1891 and 1897





As far back into boyhood as the writer's memory may intelligently go,
the "country poet" is most pleasantly recalled. He was, and is, as
common as the "country fiddler," and as full of good old-fashioned
music. Not a master of melody, indeed, but a poet, certainly--

    "Who, through long days of labor,
      And nights devoid of ease,
    Still heard in his soul the music
      Of wonderful melodies."

And it is simply the purpose of this series of dialectic studies to
reflect the real worth of this homely child of nature, and to echo
faithfully, if possible, the faltering music of his song.

In adding to this series, as the writer has, for many years, been urged
to do, and answering as steadfast a demand of Benj. F. Johnson's first
and oldest friends, it has been decided that this further work of his
be introduced to the reader of the volume as was the old man's first
work to the reader of the newspaper of nearly ten years ago.

Directly, then, referring to the Indianapolis "Daily Journal,"--under
whose management the writer had for some time been employed,--from
issue of date June 17, 1882, under editorial caption of "A Boone County
Pastoral," this article is herewith quoted:

     Benj. F. Johnson, of Boone county, who considers the Journal
     a "very valubul" newspaper, writes to enclose us an original
     poem, desiring that we kindly accept it for publication, as
     "many neghbors and friends is astin' him to have the same
     struck off."

     Mr. Johnson thoughtfully informs us that he is "no edjucated
     man," but that he has, "from childhood up tel old enough to
     vote, allus wrote more er less poetry, as many of an albun
     in the neghborhood can testify." Again, he says that he
     writes "from the hart out"; and there is a touch of genuine
     pathos in the frank avowal, "Thare is times when I write the
     tears rolls down my cheeks."

     In all sincerity, Mr. Johnson, we are glad to publish the
     poem you send, and just as you have written it. That is its
     greatest charm. Its very defects compose its excellence. You
     need no better education than the one from which emanates
     "The Old Swimmin'-Hole." It is real poetry, and all the more
     tender and lovable for the unquestionable evidence it bears
     of having been written "from the hart out." The only thing
     we find to--but hold! Let us first lay the poem before the

Here followed the poem, "The Old Swimmin'-Hole," entire--the editorial
comment ending as follows:

     The only thing now, Mr. Johnson--as we were about to
     observe--the only thing we find to criticise, at all
     relative to the poem, is your closing statement to the
     effect that "It was wrote to go to the tune of 'The Captin
     with his Whiskers!'" You should not have told us that, O
     Rare Ben. Johnson!

A week later, in the "Journal" of date June 24th, followed this
additional mention of "Benj. F. Johnson, of Boone":

     It is a pleasure for us to note that the publication of the
     poem of "The Old Swimmin'-Hole," to which the Journal, with
     just pride, referred last week, has proved almost as great a
     pleasure to its author as to the hosts of delighted readers
     who have written in its praise, or called to personally
     indorse our high opinion of its poetic value. We have just
     received a letter from Mr. Johnson, the author, inclosing us
     another lyrical performance, which in many features even
     surpasses the originality and spirit of the former effort.
     Certainly the least that can be said of it is that it
     stands a thorough proof of our first assertion, that the
     author, though by no means a man of learning and profound
     literary attainments, is none the less a true poet and an
     artist. The letter, accompanying this later amaranth of
     blooming wildwood verse, we publish in its entirety, assured
     that Mr. Johnson's many admirers will be charmed, as we have
     been, at the delicious glimpse he gives us of his
     inspiration, modes of study, home-life, and surroundings:

     "To the Editer of the Indanoplus Jurnal:

     "Respected Sir--The paper is here, markin' the old
     swimmin'-hole, my poetry which you seem to like so well. I
     joy to see it in print, and I thank you, hart and voice, fer
     speakin' of its merrits in the way in which you do. I am
     glad you thought it was real poetry, as you said in your
     artikle. But I make bold to ast you what was your idy in
     sayin' I had ortent of told you it went to the tune I spoke
     of in my last. I felt highly flatered tel I got that fur.
     Was it because you don't know the tune refered to in the
     letter? Er wasent some words spelt right er not? Still ef
     you hadent of said somepin' aginst it Ide of thought you was
     makin' fun. As I said before I well know my own
     unedjucation, but I don't think that is any reason the
     feelin's of the soul is stunted in theyr growth however.
     'Juge not less ye be juged,' says The Good Book, and so say
     I, ef I thought you was makin' fun of the lines that I wrote
     and which you done me the onner to have printed off in sich
     fine style that I have read it over and over again in the
     paper you sent, and I would like to have about three more ef
     you can spare the same and state by mail what they will come
     at. All nature was in tune day before yisterday when your
     paper come to hand. It had ben a-raining hard fer some days,
     but that morning opened up as clear as a whissel. No clouds
     was in the sky, and the air was bammy with the warm sunshine
     and the wet smell of the earth and the locus blossoms and
     the flowrs and pennyroil and boneset. I got up, the first
     one about the place, and went forth to the plesant fields. I
     fed the stock with lavish hand and wortered them in merry
     glee, they was no bird in all the land no happier than me. I
     have jest wrote a verse of poetry in this letter; see ef you
     can find it. I also send you a whole poem which was wrote
     off the very day your paper come. I started it in the
     morning I have so feebly tride to pictur' to you and wound
     her up by suppertime, besides doin' a fare day's work around
     the place.

     "Ef you print this one I think you will like it better than
     the other. This ain't a sad poem like the other was, but you
     will find it full of careful thought. I pride myself on
     that. I also send you 30 cents in stamps fer you to take
     your pay out of fer the other papers I said, and also fer
     three more with this in it ef you have it printed and
     oblige. Ef you don't print this poem, keep the stamps and
     send me three more papers with _the other one_ in--makin'
     the sum totul of six (6) papers altogether in full. Ever
     your true friend,

                                        BENJ. F. JOHNSON.

     "N. B.--The tune of this one is 'The Bold Privateer.'"

Here followed the poem, "Thoughts Fer The Discuraged Farmer";--and
here, too, fittingly ends any comment but that which would appear
trivial and gratuitous.

Simply, in briefest conclusion, the hale, sound, artless, lovable
character of Benj. F. Johnson remains, in the writer's mind, as from
the first, far less a fiction than a living, breathing, vigorous
reality.--So strong, indeed, has his personality been made manifest,
that many times, in visionary argument with the sturdy old myth over
certain changes from the original forms of his productions, he has so
incontinently beaten down all suggestions as to a less incongruous
association of thoughts and words, together with protests against his
many violations of poetic method, harmony, and grace, that nothing was
left the writer but to submit to what has always seemed--and in truth
still seems--a superior wisdom of dictation.

                                        J. W. R.

_Indianapolis, July, 1891._




    _Lo! steadfast and serene,
    In patient pause between
    The seen and the unseen,
        What gentle zephyrs fan
    Your silken silver hair,--
    And what diviner air
    Breathes round you like a prayer,
          Old Man?_

    _Can you, in nearer view
    Of Glory, pierce the blue
    Of happy Heaven through;
        And, listening mutely, can
    Your senses, dull to us,
    Hear Angel-voices thus,
    In chorus glorious--
          Old Man?_

    _In your reposeful gaze
    The dusk of Autumn days
    Is blent with April haze,
        As when of old began
    The bursting of the bud
    Of rosy babyhood--
    When all the world was good,
          Old Man._

    _And yet I find a sly
    Little twinkle in your eye;
    And your whisperingly shy
        Little laugh is simply an
    Internal shout of glee
    That betrays the fallacy
    You'd perpetrate on me,
          Old Man!_

    _So just put up the frown
    That your brows are pulling down!
    Why, the fleetest boy in town,
        As he bared his feet and ran,
    Could read with half a glance--
    And of keen rebuke, perchance--
    Your secret countenance,
          Old Man!_

    _Now, honestly, confess:
    Is an old man any less
    Than the little child we bless
        And caress when we can?
    Isn't age but just a place
    Where you mask the childish face
    To preserve its inner grace,
          Old Man?_

    _Hasn't age a truant day,
    Just as that you went astray
    In the wayward, restless way,
        When, brown with dust and tan,
    Your roguish face essayed,
    In solemn masquerade,
    To hide the smile it made
          Old Man?_

    _Now, fair, and square, and true,
    Don't your old soul tremble through,
    As in youth it used to do
        When it brimmed and overran
    With the strange, enchanted sights,
    And the splendors and delights
    Of the old "Arabian Nights,"
          Old Man?_

    _When, haply, you have fared
    Where glad Aladdin shared
    His lamp with you, and dared
        The Afrite and his clan;
    And, with him, clambered through
    The trees where jewels grew--
    And filled your pockets, too,
          Old Man?_

    _Or, with Sinbad, at sea--
    And in veracity
    Who has sinned as bad as he,
        Or would, or will, or can?--
    Have you listened to his lies,
    With open mouth and eyes,
    And learned his art likewise,
          Old Man?_

    _And you need not deny
    That your eyes were wet as dry,
    Reading novels on the sly!
        And review them, if you can,
    And the same warm tears will fall--
    Only faster, that is all--
    Over Little Nell and Paul,
          Old Man!_

    _O, you were a lucky lad--
    Just as good as you were bad!
    And the host of friends you had--
        Charley, Tom, and Dick, and Dan;
    And the old School-Teacher, too,
    Though he often censured you;
    And the girls in pink and blue,
          Old Man._

    _And--as often you have leant,
    In boyish sentiment,
    To kiss the letter sent
        By Nelly, Belle, or Nan--
    Wherein the rose's hue
    Was red, the violet blue--
    And sugar sweet--and you,
          Old Man,--_

    _So, to-day, as lives the bloom,
    And the sweetness, and perfume
    Of the blossoms, I assume,
        On the same mysterious plan
    The master's love assures,
    That the self-same boy endures
    In that hale old heart of yours,
          Old Man._



_The Delights of our Childhood is soon Passed Away_          2

THE OLD SWIMMIN'-HOLE                                        3

THOUGHTS FER THE DISCURAGED FARMER                           6

A SUMMER'S DAY                                               9

A HYMB OF FAITH                                             13

WORTERMELON TIME                                            16

MY PHILOSOFY                                                20

WHEN THE FROST IS ON THE PUNKIN                             23


THE MULBERRY TREE                                           29

TO MY OLD FRIEND, WILLIAM LEACHMAN                          31

MY FIDDLE                                                   36

THE CLOVER                                                  39



_Us Farmers in the Country, as the Seasons go and Come_     42

ERASMUS WILSON                                              43

MY RUTHERS                                                  48

ON A DEAD BABE                                              51

A OLD PLAYED-OUT SONG                                       52

"COON-DOG WESS"                                             55

PERFESSER JOHN CLARK RIDPATH                                62

A TALE OF THE AIRLY DAYS                                    66

"MYLO JONES'S WIFE"                                         68

ON A SPLENDUD MATCH                                         71

OLD JOHN CLEVENGER ON BUCKEYES                              72

THE HOSS                                                    78

EZRA HOUSE                                                  82

A PEN-PICTUR'                                               86

WET-WEATHER TALK                                            90

THOUGHTS ON A PORE JOKE                                     93

A MORTUL PRAYER                                             94

THE FIRST BLUEBIRD                                          96

EVAGENE BAKER                                               97

ON ANY ORDENARY MAN                                        100

TOWN AND COUNTRY                                           101

LINES WRIT FER ISAAC BRADWELL                              103

DECORATION DAY ON THE PLACE                                104

THE TREE-TOAD                                              107

THE ROSSVILLE LECTUR' COURSE                               109

WHEN THE GREEN GITS BACK IN THE TREES                      112

HOW IT HAPPENED                                            114

A DOS'T O' BLUES                                           117

THE OLD HOME BY THE MILL                                   119

THE WAY IT WUZ                                             121

PAP'S OLD SAYIN'                                           125

ROMANCIN'                                                  128

AN OLD SETTLER'S STORY                                     133

DIALECT IN LITERATURE                                      195

    Originally contributed to THE FORUM--reprinted here
    by permission.






    _The delights of our childhood is soon passed away,
      And our gloryus youth it departs,--
    And yit, dead and burried, they's blossoms of May
      Ore theyr medderland graves in our harts.
    So, friends of my bare-footed days on the farm,
      Whether truant in city er not,
    God prosper you same as He's prosperin' me,
      Whilse your past haint despised er fergot._

    _Oh! they's nothin', at morn, that's as grand unto me
      As the glorys of Nachur so fare,--
    With the Spring in the breeze, and the bloom in the trees,
      And the hum of the bees ev'rywhare!
    The green in the woods, and the birds in the boughs,
      And the dew spangled over the fields;
    And the bah of the sheep and the bawl of the cows
      And the call from the house to your meals!_

    _Then ho! fer your brekfast! and ho! fer the toil
      That waiteth alike man and beast!
    Oh! its soon with my team I'll be turnin' up soil,
      Whilse the sun shoulders up in the East
    Ore the tops of the ellums and beeches and oaks,
      To smile his godspeed on the plow,
    And the furry and seed, and the Man in his need,
      And the joy of the swet of his brow!_


    Oh! the old swimmin'-hole! whare the crick so still and deep
    Looked like a baby-river that was laying half asleep,
    And the gurgle of the worter round the drift jest below
    Sounded like the laugh of something we onc't ust to know
    Before we could remember anything but the eyes
    Of the angels lookin' out as we left Paradise;
    But the merry days of youth is beyond our controle,
    And it's hard to part ferever with the old swimmin'-hole.

    Oh! the old swimmin'-hole! In the happy days of yore,
    When I ust to lean above it on the old sickamore,
    Oh! it showed me a face in its warm sunny tide
    That gazed back at me so gay and glorified,
    It made me love myself, as I leaped to caress
    My shadder smilin' up at me with sich tenderness.
    But them days is past and gone, and old Time's tuck his toll
    From the old man come back to the old swimmin'-hole.

    Oh! the old swimmin'-hole! In the long, lazy days
    When the hum-drum of school made so many run-a-ways,
    How plesant was the jurney down the old dusty lane,
    Whare the tracks of our bare feet was all printed so plane
    You could tell by the dent of the heel and the sole
    They was lots o' fun on hands at the old swimmin'-hole.
    But the lost joys is past! Let your tears in sorrow roll
    Like the rain that ust to dapple up the old swimmin'-hole.

    Thare the bullrushes growed, and the cattails so tall,
    And the sunshine and shadder fell over it all;
    And it mottled the worter with amber and gold
    Tel the glad lillies rocked in the ripples that rolled;
    And the snake-feeder's four gauzy wings fluttered by
    Like the ghost of a daisy dropped out of the sky,
    Or a wownded apple-blossom in the breeze's controle
    As it cut acrost some orchurd to'rds the old swimmin'-hole.

    Oh! the old swimmin'-hole! When I last saw the place,
    The scenes was all changed, like the change in my face;
    The bridge of the railroad now crosses the spot
    Whare the old divin'-log lays sunk and fergot.
    And I stray down the banks whare the trees ust to be--
    But never again will theyr shade shelter me!
    And I wish in my sorrow I could strip to the soul,
    And dive off in my grave like the old swimmin'-hole.


    The summer winds is sniffin' round the bloomin' locus' trees;
    And the clover in the pastur is a big day fer the bees,
    And they been a-swiggin' honey, above board and on the sly,
    Tel they stutter in theyr buzzin' and stagger as they fly.
    The flicker on the fence-rail 'pears to jest spit on his wings
    And roll up his feathers, by the sassy way he sings;
    And the hoss-fly is a-whettin'-up his forelegs fer biz,
    And the off-mare is a-switchin' all of her tale they is.

    You can hear the blackbirds jawin' as they foller up the plow--
    Oh, theyr bound to git theyr brekfast, and theyr not a-carin' how;
    So they quarrel in the furries, and they quarrel on the wing--
    But theyr peaceabler in pot-pies than any other thing:
    And it's when I git my shotgun drawed up in stiddy rest,
    She's as full of tribbelation as a yeller-jacket's nest;
    And a few shots before dinner, when the sun's a-shinin' right,
    Seems to kindo'-sorto' sharpen up a feller's appetite!

    They's been a heap o' rain, but the sun's out to-day,
    And the clouds of the wet spell is all cleared away,
    And the woods is all the greener, and the grass is greener still;
    It may rain again to-morry, but I don't think it will.
    Some says the crops is ruined, and the corn's drownded out,
    And propha-sy the wheat will be a failure, without doubt;
    But the kind Providence that has never failed us yet,
    Will be on hands onc't more at the 'leventh hour, I bet!

    Does the medder-lark complane, as he swims high and dry
    Through the waves of the wind and the blue of the sky?
    Does the quail set up and whissel in a disappinted way,
    Er hang his head in silunce, and sorrow all the day?
    Is the chipmuck's health a-failin'?--Does he walk, er does he run?
    Don't the buzzards ooze around up thare jest like they've allus done?
    Is they anything the matter with the rooster's lungs er voice?
    Ort a mortul be complanin' when dumb animals rejoice?

    Then let us, one and all, be contentud with our lot;
    The June is here this mornin', and the sun is shining hot.
    Oh! let us fill our harts up with the glory of the day,
    Any banish ev'ry doubt and care and sorrow fur away!
    Whatever be our station, with Providence fer guide,
    Sich fine circumstances ort to make us satisfied;
    Fer the world is full of roses, and the roses full of dew,
    And the dew is full of heavenly love that drips fer me and you.


    The Summer's put the idy in
    My head that I'm a boy again;
      And all around's so bright and gay
      I want to put my team away,
      And jest git out whare I can lay
      And soak my hide full of the day!
    But work is work, and must be done--
    Yit, as I work, I have my fun,
    Jest fancyin' these furries here
    Is childhood's paths onc't more so dear:--
    And as I walk through medder-lands,
      And country lanes, and swampy trails
    Whare long bullrushes bresh my hands;
      And, tilted on the ridered rails
        Of deadnin' fences, "Old Bob White"
        Whissels his name in high delight,
    And whirrs away. I wunder still,
    Whichever way a boy's feet will--
    Whare trees has fell, with tangled tops
      Whare dead leaves shakes, I stop fer breth,
    Heerin' the acorn as it drops--
      H'istin' my chin up still as deth,
    And watchin' clos't, with upturned eyes,
    The tree where Mr. Squirrel tries
    To hide hisse'f above the limb,
    But lets his own tale tell on him.
    I wunder on in deeper glooms--
      Git hungry, hearin' female cries
    From old farm-houses, whare perfumes
      Of harvest dinners seems to rise
    And ta'nt a feller, hart and brane,
    With memories he can't explane.

    I wunder through the underbresh,
      Whare pig-tracks, pintin' to'rds the crick,
    Is picked and printed in the fresh
      Black bottom-lands, like wimmern pick
    Theyr pie-crusts with a fork, some way,
    When bakin' fer camp-meetin' day.
    I wunder on and on and on,
    Tel my gray hair and beard is gone,
    And ev'ry wrinkle on my brow
    Is rubbed clean out and shaddered now
    With curls as brown and fare and fine
    As tenderls of the wild grape-vine
    That ust to climb the highest tree
    To keep the ripest ones fer me.
    I wunder still, and here I am
    Wadin' the ford below the dam--
    The worter chucklin' round my knee
      At hornet-welt and bramble-scratch,
    And me a-slippin' 'crost to see
      Ef Tyner's plums is ripe, and size
    The old man's wortermelon-patch,
      With juicy mouth and drouthy eyes.
    Then, after sich a day of mirth
    And happiness as worlds is wurth--
      So tired that heaven seems nigh about,--
    The sweetest tiredness on earth
      Is to git home and flatten out--
    So tired you can't lay flat enugh,
    And sorto' wish that you could spred
    Out like molasses on the bed,
    And jest drip off the aidges in
    The dreams that never comes again.


    O, Thou that doth all things devise
      And fashon fer the best,
    He'p us who sees with mortul eyes
      To overlook the rest.

    They's times, of course, we grope in doubt,
      And in afflictions sore;
    So knock the louder, Lord, without,
      And we'll unlock the door.

    Make us to feel, when times looks bad
      And tears in pitty melts,
    Thou wast the only he'p we had
      When they was nothin' else.

    Death comes alike to ev'ry man
      That ever was borned on earth;
    Then let us do the best we can
      To live fer all life's wurth.

    Ef storms and tempusts dred to see
      Makes black the heavens ore,
    They done the same in Galilee
      Two thousand years before.

    But after all, the golden sun
      Poured out its floods on them
    That watched and waited fer the One
      Then borned in Bethlyham.

    Also, the star of holy writ
      Made noonday of the night,
    Whilse other stars that looked at it
      Was envious with delight.

    The sages then in wurship bowed,
      From ev'ry clime so fare;
    O, sinner, think of that glad crowd
      That congergated thare!

    They was content to fall in ranks
      With One that knowed the way
    From good old Jurden's stormy banks
      Clean up to Jedgmunt Day.

    No matter, then, how all is mixed
      In our near-sighted eyes,
    All things is fer the best, and fixed
      Out straight in Paradise.

    Then take things as God sends 'em here,
      And, ef we live er die,
    Be more and more contenteder,
      Without a-astin' why.

    O, Thou that doth all things devise
      And fashon fer the best,
    He'p us who sees with mortul eyes
      To overlook the rest.


    Old wortermelon time is a-comin' round again,
      And they ain't no man a-livin' any tickleder'n me,
    Fer the way I hanker after wortermelons is a sin--
      Which is the why and wharefore, as you can plainly see.

    Oh! it's in the sandy soil wortermelons does the best,
      And it's thare they'll lay and waller in the sunshine and the dew
    Tel they wear all the green streaks clean off of theyr breast;
      And you bet I ain't a-findin' any fault with them; air you?

    They ain't no better thing in the vegetable line;
      And they don't need much 'tendin', as ev'ry farmer knows;
    And when theyr ripe and ready fer to pluck from the vine,
      I want to say to you theyr the best fruit that grows.

    It's some likes the yeller-core, and some likes the red.
      And it's some says "The Little Californy" is the best;
    But the sweetest slice of all I ever wedged in my head,
      Is the old "Edingburg Mounting-sprout," of the west.

    You don't want no punkins nigh your wortermelon vines--
      'Cause, some-way-another, they'll spile your melons, shore;--
    I've seed 'em taste like punkins, from the core to the rines,
      Which may be a fact you have heerd of before.

    But your melons that's raised right and 'tended to with care,
      You can walk around amongst 'em with a parent's pride and joy,
    And thump 'em on the heads with as fatherly a air
      As ef each one of them was your little girl er boy.

    I joy in my hart jest to hear that rippin' sound
      When you split one down the back and jolt the halves in two,
    And the friends you love the best is gethered all around--
      And you says unto your sweethart, "Oh, here's the core fer you!"

    And I like to slice 'em up in big pieces fer 'em all,
      Espeshally the childern, and watch theyr high delight
    As one by one the rines with theyr pink notches falls,
      And they holler fer some more, with unquenched appetite.

    Boys takes to it natchurl, and I like to see 'em eat--
      A slice of wortermelon's like a frenchharp in theyr hands,
    And when they "saw" it through theyr mouth sich music can't be beat--
      'Cause it's music both the sperit and the stummick understands.

    Oh, they's more in wortermelons than the purty-colored meat,
      And the overflowin' sweetness of the worter squshed betwixt
    The up'ard and the down'ard motions of a feller's teeth,
      And it's the taste of ripe old age and juicy childhood mixed.

    Fer I never taste a melon but my thoughts flies away
      To the summertime of youth; and again I see the dawn,
    And the fadin' afternoon of the long summer day,
      And the dusk and dew a-fallin', and the night a'comin' on.

    And thare's the corn around us, and the lispin' leaves and trees,
      And the stars a-peekin' down on us as still as silver mice,
    And us boys in the wortermelons on our hands and knees,
      And the new-moon hangin' ore us like a yeller-cored slice.

    Oh! it's wortermelon time is a-comin' round again,
      And they ain't no man a-livin' any tickleder'n me,
    Fer the way I hanker after wortermelons is a sin--
      Which is the why and wharefore, as you can plainly see.


    I ain't, ner don't p'tend to be,
    Much posted on philosofy;
    But thare is times, when all alone,
    I work out idees of my own.
    And of these same thare is a few
    I'd like to jest refer to you--
    Pervidin' that you don't object
    To listen clos't and rickollect.

    I allus argy that a man
    Who does about the best he can
    Is plenty good enugh to suit
    This lower mundane institute--
    No matter ef his daily walk
    Is subject fer his neghbor's talk,
    And critic-minds of ev'ry whim
    Jest all git up and go fer him!

    I knowed a feller onc't that had
    The yeller-janders mighty bad,--
    And each and ev'ry friend he'd meet
    Would stop and give him some receet
    Fer cuorin' of 'em. But he'd say
    He kindo' thought they'd go away
    Without no medicin', and boast
    That he'd git well without one doste.

    He kep' a-yellerin' on--and they
    Perdictin' that he'd die some day
    Before he knowed it! Tuck his bed,
    The feller did, and lost his head,
    And wundered in his mind a spell--
    Then rallied, and, at last, got well;
    But ev'ry friend that said he'd die
    Went back on him eternally!

    Its natchurl enugh, I guess,
    When some gits more and some gits less,
    Fer them-uns on the slimmest side
    To claim it ain't a fare divide;
    And I've knowed some to lay and wait,
    And git up soon, and set up late,
    To ketch some feller they could hate
    Fer goin' at a faster gait.

    The signs is bad when folks commence
    A-findin' fault with Providence,
    And balkin' 'cause the earth don't shake
    At ev'ry prancin' step they take.
    No man is grate tel he can see
    How less than little he would be
    Ef stripped to self, and stark and bare
    He hung his sign out anywhare.

    My doctern is to lay aside
    Contensions, and be satisfied:
    Jest do your best, and praise er blame
    That follers that, counts jest the same.
    I've allus noticed grate success
    Is mixed with troubles, more or less,
    And it's the man who does the best
    That gits more kicks than all the rest.


    When the frost is on the punkin and the fodder's in the shock,
    And you hear the kyouck and gobble of the struttin' turkey-cock,
    And the clackin' of the guineys, and the cluckin' of the hens,
    And the rooster's hallylooyer as he tiptoes on the fence;
    O, its then's the times a feller is a-feelin' at his best,
    With the risin' sun to greet him from a night of peaceful rest,
    As he leaves the house, bare-headed, and goes out to feed the stock,
    When the frost is on the punkin and the fodder's in the shock.

    They's something kindo' harty-like about the atmusfere
    When the heat of summer's over and the coolin' fall is here--
    Of course we miss the flowers, and the blossums on the trees,
    And the mumble of the hummin'-birds and buzzin' of the bees;
    But the air's so appetizin'; and the landscape through the haze
    Of a crisp and sunny morning of the airly autumn days
    Is a pictur' that no painter has the colorin' to mock--
    When the frost is on the punkin and the fodder's in the shock.

    The husky, rusty russel of the tossels of the corn,
    And the raspin' of the tangled leaves, as golden as the morn;
    The stubble in the furries--kindo' lonesome-like, but still
    A-preachin' sermuns to us of the barns they growed to fill;
    The strawstack in the medder, and the reaper in the shed;
    The hosses in theyr stalls below--the clover overhead!--
    O, it sets my hart a-clickin' like the tickin' of a clock,
    When the frost is on the punkin and the fodder's in the shock!

    Then your apples all is getherd, and the ones a feller keeps
    Is poured around the celler-floor in red and yeller heaps;
    And your cider-makin' 's over, and your wimmern-folks is through
    With their mince and apple-butter, and theyr souse and saussage, too!...
    I don't know how to tell it--but ef sich a thing could be
    As the Angels wantin' boardin', and they'd call around on _me_--
    I'd want to 'commodate 'em--all the whole-indurin' flock--
    When the frost is on the punkin and the fodder's in the shock!


    "Little Haly! Little Haly!" cheeps the robin in the tree;
    "Little Haly!" sighs the clover, "Little Haly!" moans the bee;
    "Little Haly! Little Haly!" calls the kill-deer at twilight;
    And the katydids and crickets hollers "Haly!" all the night.

    The sunflowers and the hollyhawks droops over the garden fence;
    The old path down the gardenwalks still holds her footprints' dents;
    And the well-sweep's swingin' bucket seems to wait fer her to come
    And start it on its wortery errant down the old bee-gum.

    The bee-hives all is quiet; and the little Jersey steer,
    When any one comes nigh it, acts so lonesome-like and queer;
    And the little Banty chickens kindo' cutters faint and low,
    Like the hand that now was feedin' 'em was one they didn't know.

    They's sorrow in the wavin' leaves of all the apple-trees;
    And sorrow in the harvest-sheaves, and sorrow in the breeze;
    And sorrow in the twitter of the swallers 'round the shed;
    And all the song her red-bird sings is "Little Haly's dead!"

    The medder 'pears to miss her, and the pathway through the grass,
    Whare the dewdrops ust to kiss her little bare feet as she passed;
    And the old pin in the gate-post seems to kindo'-sorto' doubt
    That Haly's little sunburnt hands'll ever pull it out.

    Did her father er her mother ever love her more'n me,
    Er her sisters er her brother prize her love more tendurly?
    I question--and what answer?--only tears, and tears alone,
    And ev'ry neghbor's eyes is full o' tear-drops as my own.

    "Little Haly! Little Haly!" cheeps the robin in the tree;
    "Little Haly!" sighs the clover, "Little Haly!" moans the bee;
    "Little Haly! Little Haly!" calls the kill-deer at twilight,
    And the katydids and crickets hollers "Haly!" all the night.


    O, it's many's the scenes which is dear to my mind
    As I think of my childhood so long left behind;
    The home of my birth, with its old puncheon-floor,
    And the bright morning-glorys that growed round the door;
    The warped clab-board roof whare the rain it run off
    Into streams of sweet dreams as I laid in the loft,
    Countin' all of the joys that was dearest to me,
    And a-thinkin' the most of the mulberry tree.

    And to-day as I dream, with both eyes wide-awake,
    I can see the old tree, and its limbs as they shake,
    And the long purple berries that rained on the ground
    Whare the pastur' was bald whare we trommpt it around.
    And again, peekin' up through the thick leafy shade,
    I can see the glad smiles of the friends when I strayed
    With my little bare feet from my own mother's knee
    To foller them off to the mulberry tree.

    Leanin' up in the forks, I can see the old rail,
    And the boy climbin' up it, claw, tooth, and toe-nail,
    And in fancy can hear, as he spits on his hands,
    The ring of his laugh and the rip of his pants.
    But that rail led to glory, as certin and shore
    As I'll never climb thare by that rout' any more--
    What was all the green lauruls of Fame unto me,
    With my brows in the boughs of the mulberry tree!

    Then its who can fergit the old mulberry tree
    That he knowed in the days when his thoughts was as free
    As the flutterin' wings of the birds that flew out
    Of the tall wavin' tops as the boys come about?
    O, a crowd of my memories, laughin' and gay,
    Is a-climbin' the fence of that pastur' to-day,
    And a-pantin' with joy, as us boys ust to be,
    They go racin' acrost fer the mulberry tree.


    Fer forty year and better you have been a friend to me,
    Through days of sore afflictions and dire adversity,
    You allus had a kind word of counsul to impart,
    Which was like a healin' 'intment to the sorrow of my hart.

    When I burried my first womern, William Leachman, it was you
    Had the only consolation that I could listen to--
    Fer I knowed you had gone through it and had rallied from the blow,
    And when you said I'd do the same, I knowed you'd ort to know.

    But that time I'll long remember; how I wundered here and thare--
    Through the settin'-room and kitchen, and out in the open air--
    And the snowflakes whirlin', whirlin', and the fields a frozen glare,
    And the neghbors' sleds and wagons congergatin' ev'rywhare.

    I turned my eyes to'rds heaven, but the sun was hid away;
    I turned my eyes to'rds earth again, but all was cold and gray;
    And the clock, like ice a-crackin', clickt the icy hours in two--
    And my eyes'd never thawed out ef it hadn't been fer you!

    We set thare by the smoke-house--me and you out thare alone--
    Me a-thinkin'--you a-talkin' in a soothin' undertone--
    You a-talkin'--me a-thinkin' of the summers long ago,
    And a-writin' "Marthy--Marthy" with my finger in the snow!

    William Leachman, I can see you jest as plane as I could then;
    And your hand is on my shoulder, and you rouse me up again;
    And I see the tears a-drippin' from your own eyes, as you say:
    "Be rickonciled and bear it--we but linger fer a day!"

    At the last Old Settlers' Meetin' we went j'intly, you and me--
    Your hosses and my wagon, as you wanted it to be;
    And sence I can remember, from the time we've neghbored here,
    In all sich friendly actions you have double-done your sheer.

    It was better than the meetin', too, that 9-mile talk we had
    Of the times when we first settled here and travel was so bad;
    When we had to go on hoss-back, and sometimes on "Shanks's mare,"
    And "blaze" a road fer them behind that had to travel thare.

    And now we was a-trottin' 'long a level gravel pike,
    In a big two-hoss road-wagon, jest as easy as you like--
    Two of us on the front seat, and our wimmern-folks behind,
    A-settin' in theyr Winsor-cheers in perfect peace of mind!

    And we pinted out old landmarks, nearly faded out of sight:--
    Thare they ust to rob the stage-coach; thare Gash Morgan had the fight
    With the old stag-deer that pronged him--how he battled fer his life,
    And lived to prove the story by the handle of his knife.

    Thare the first griss-mill was put up in the Settlement, and we
    Had tuck our grindin' to it in the Fall of Forty-three--
    When we tuck our rifles with us, techin' elbows all the way,
    And a-stickin' right together ev'ry minute, night and day.

    Thare ust to stand the tavern that they called the "Travelers' Rest,"
    And thare, beyent the covered bridge, "The Counterfitters' Nest"--
    Whare they claimed the house was ha'nted--that a man was murdered thare,
    And burried underneath the floor, er 'round the place somewhare.

    And the old Plank-road they laid along in Fifty-one er two--
    You know we talked about the times when the old road was new:
    How "Uncle Sam" put down that road and never taxed the State
    Was a problem, don't you rickollect, we couldn't _dim_onstrate?

    Ways was devius, William Leachman, that me and you has past;
    But as I found you true at first, I find you true at last;
    And, now the time's a-comin' mighty nigh our jurney's end,
    I want to throw wide open all my soul to you, my friend.

    With the stren'th of all my bein', and the heat of hart and brane,
    And ev'ry livin' drop of blood in artery and vane,
    I love you and respect you, and I venerate your name,
    Fer the name of William Leachman and True Manhood's jest the same!


    My fiddle?--Well, I kindo' keep her handy, don't you know!
    Though I ain't so much inclined to tromp the strings and switch the bow
    As I was before the timber of my elbows got so dry,
    And my fingers was more limber-like and caperish and spry;
        Yit I can plonk and plunk and plink,
          And tune her up and play,
        And jest lean back and laugh and wink
          At ev'ry rainy day!

    My playin' 's only middlin'--tunes I picked up when a boy--
    The kindo'-sorto' fiddlin' that the folks calls "cordaroy";
    "The Old Fat Gal," and "Rye-straw," and "My Sailyor's on the Sea,"
    Is the old cowtillions _I_ "saw" when the ch'ice is left to me;
        And so I plunk and plonk and plink,
          And rosum-up my bow
        And play the tunes that makes you think
          The devil's in your toe!

    I was allus a romancin', do-less boy, to tell the truth,
    A-fiddlin' and a-dancin', and a-wastin' of my youth,
    And a-actin' and a-cuttin'-up all sorts o' silly pranks
    That wasn't worth a botton of anybody's thanks!
        But they tell me, when I ust to plink
          And plonk and plunk and play,
        My music seemed to have the kink
          O' drivin' cares away!

    That's how this here old fiddle's won my hart's indurin' love!
    From the strings acrost her middle, to the schreechin' keys above--
    From her "apern," over "bridge," and to the ribbon round her throat,
    She's a wooin', cooin' pigeon, singin' "Love me" ev'ry note!
        And so I pat her neck, and plink
          Her strings with lovin' hands,--
        And, list'nin' clos't, I sometimes think
          She kindo' understands!


    Some sings of the lilly, and daisy, and rose,
    And the pansies and pinks that the Summertime throws
    In the green grassy lap of the medder that lays
    Blinkin' up at the skyes through the sunshiney days;
    But what is the lilly and all of the rest
    Of the flowers, to a man with a hart in his brest
    That was dipped brimmin' full of the honey and dew
    Of the sweet clover-blossoms his babyhood knew?

    I never set eyes on a clover-field now,
    Er fool round a stable, er climb in the mow,
    But my childhood comes back jest as clear and as plane
    As the smell of the clover I'm sniffin' again;
    And I wunder away in a bare-footed dream,
    Whare I tangle my toes in the blossoms that gleam
    With the dew of the dawn of the morning of love
    Ere it wept ore the graves that I'm weepin' above.

    And so I love clover--it seems like a part
    Of the sacerdest sorrows and joys of my hart;
    And wharever it blossoms, oh, thare let me bow
    And thank the good God as I'm thankin' Him now;
    And I pray to Him still fer the stren'th when I die,
    To go out in the clover and tell it good-bye,
    And lovin'ly nestle my face in its bloom
    While my soul slips away on a breth of purfume.





    _Us farmers in the country, as the seasons go and come,
    Is purty much like other folks,--we're apt to grumble some!
    The Spring's too back'ard fer us, er too for'ard--ary one--
    We'll jaw about it anyhow, and have our way er none!
    The thaw's set in too suddent; er the frost's stayed in the soil
    Too long to give the wheat a chance, and crops is bound to spoil!
    The weather's eether most too mild, er too outrageous rough,
    And altogether too much rain, er not half rain enugh!_

    _Now what I'd like and what you'd like is plane enugh to see:
    It's jest to have old Providence drop round on you and me
    And ast us what our views is first, regardin' shine er rain,
    And post 'em when to shet her off, er let her on again!
    And yit I'd ruther, after all--considern other chores
    I' got on hands, a-tendin' both to my affares and yours--
    I'd ruther miss the blame I'd git, a-rulin' things up thare,
    And spend my extry time in praise and gratitude and prayer._


    'Ras Wilson, I respect you, 'cause
    You're common, like you allus was
    Afore you went to town and s'prised
    The world by gittin' "reckonized,"
    And yit perservin', as I say,
    Your common hoss-sense ev'ryway!
    And when that name o' yourn occurs
    On hand-bills, er in newspapers,
    Er letters writ by friends 'at ast
    About you, same as in the past,
    And neghbors and relations 'low
    You're out o' the tall timber now,
    And "gittin' thare" about as spry's
    The next!--as _I say_, when my eyes,
    Er ears, lights on your name, I mind
    The first time 'at I come to find
    You--and my Rickollection yells,
    Jest jubilunt as old sleigh-bells--
    "'Ras Wilson! Say! Hold up! and shake
    A paw, fer old acquaintance sake!"
    My _Rickollection_, more'n like,
    Hain't overly too apt to strike
    The what's-called "cultchurd public eye"
    As wisdom of the deepest dye,--
    And yit my _Rickollection_ makes
    So blame lots fewer bad mistakes,
    Regardin' human-natchur' and
    The fellers 'at I've shook theyr hand,
    Than my _best jedgemunt's_ done, the day
    I've met 'em--'fore I got away,--
    'At--Well, 'Ras Wilson, let me grip
    _Your_ hand in warmest pardnership!

    Dad-burn ye!--Like to jest haul back
    A' old flat-hander, jest che-whack!
    And take you 'twixt the shoulders, say,
    Sometime you're lookin' t'other way!--
    Er, maybe whilse you're speakin' to
    A whole blame Courthouse-full o' 'thu-
    Syastic friends, I'd like to jest
    Come in-like and break up the nest
    Afore you hatched anuther cheer,
    And say: "'Ras, _I_ can't stand hitched here
    All night--ner wouldn't ef I could!--
    But Little Bethel Neghborhood,
    You ust to live at, 's sent some word
    Fer you, ef ary chance occurred
    To git it to ye,--so ef you
    _Kin_ stop, I'm waitin' fer ye to!"

    You're common, as I said afore--
    You're common, yit oncommon _more_.--
    You allus kindo' 'pear, to me,
    What all mankind had ort to be--
    Jest _natchurl_, and the more hurraws
    You git, the less you know the cause--
    Like as ef God Hisse'f stood by
    Where best on earth hain't half knee-high,
    And _seein'_ like, and knowin' _He_
    'S the Only Grate Man really,
    You're jest content to size your hight
    With any feller-man's in sight.--
    And even then they's scrubs, like me,
    Feels stuck-up, in your company!
    Like now:--I want to go with you
    Plum out o' town a mile er two
    Clean past the Fair-ground whare's some hint
    O' pennyrile er peppermint,
    And bottom-lands, and timber thick
    Enugh to sorto' shade the crick!
    I want to _see_ you--want to set
    Down somers, whare the grass hain't wet,
    And kindo' _breathe_ you, like puore air--
    And taste o' your tobacker thare,
    And talk and chaw! Talk o' the birds
    We've knocked with cross-bows.--Afterwards
    Drop, mayby, into some dispute
    'Bout "pomgrannies," er cal'mus-root--
    And how _they_ growed, and _whare_?--on tree
    Er vine?--Who's best boy-memory!--
    And wasn't it _gingsang_, insted
    O' cal'mus-root, growed like you said?--
    Er how to tell a coon-track from
    A mussrat's;--er how milksick come--
    Er ef _cows_ brung it?--Er why now
    We never see no "muley"-cow--
    Ner "frizzly"-chicken--ner no "clay-
    Bank" mare--ner nothin' thataway!--
    And what's come o' the _yellow_-core
    Old wortermelons?--hain't no more.--
    Tomattusus, the same--all _red_-
    Uns nowadays--All past joys fled--
    Each and all jest gone k-whizz!
    Like our days o' childhood is!

    Dag-gone it, 'Ras! they hain't no friend,
    It 'pears-like, left to comperhend
    Sich things as these but you, and see
    How dratted sweet they air to me!
    But you, 'at's loved 'em allus, and
    Kin sort 'em out and understand
    'Em, same as the fine books you've read,
    And all fine thoughts you've writ, er said,
    Er worked out, through long nights o' rain,
    And doubts and fears, and hopes, again,
    As bright as morning when she broke,--
    You know a teardrop from a joke!
      And so, 'Ras Wilson, stop and shake
      A paw, fer old acquaintance sake!


[Writ durin' State Fair at Indanoplis, whilse visitin' a Sonin-law then
residin' thare, who has sence got back to the country whare he says a
man that's raised thare ort to a-stayed in the first place.]

    I tell you what I'd ruther do--
      Ef I only had my ruthers,--
    I'd ruther work when I wanted to
      Than be bossed round by others;--
        I'd ruther kindo' git the swing
        O' what was _needed_, first, I jing!
        Afore I _swet_ at anything!--
      Ef I only had my ruthers;--
    In fact I'd aim to be the same
      With all men as my brothers;
    And they'd all be the same with _me_--
      Ef I only had my ruthers.

    I wouldn't likely know it all--
      Ef I only had my ruthers;--
    I'd know _some_ sense, and some base-ball--
      Some _old_ jokes, and--some others:
        I'd know _some politics_, and 'low
        Some tarif-speeches same as now,
        Then go hear Nye on "Branes and How
      To Detect Theyr Presence." _T'others_,
    That stayed away, I'd _let_ 'em stay--
      All my dissentin' brothers
    Could chuse as shore a kill er cuore,
      Ef I only had my ruthers.

    The pore 'ud git theyr dues _some_times--
      Ef I only had my ruthers,--
    And be paid _dollars_ 'stid o' _dimes_,
      Fer childern, wives and mothers:
        Theyr boy that slaves; theyr girl that sews--
        Fer _others_--not herself, God knows!--
        The grave's _her_ only change of clothes!
      ... Ef I only had my ruthers,
    They'd all have "stuff" and time enugh
      To answer one-another's
    Appealin' prayer fer "lovin' care"--
      Ef I only had my ruthers.

    They'd be few folks 'ud ast fer trust,
      Ef I only had my ruthers,
    And blame few business-men to bu'st
      Theyrselves, er harts of others:
        Big Guns that come here durin' Fair-
        Week could put up jest anywhare,
        And find a full-and-plenty thare,
      Ef I only had my ruthers:
    The rich and great 'ud 'sociate
      With all theyr lowly brothers,
    Feelin' _we_ done the honorun--
      Ef I only had my ruthers.


    Fly away! thou heavenly one!--
      I do hail thee on thy flight!
    Sorrow? thou hath tasted none--
      Perfect joy is yourn by right.
        Fly away! and bear our love
        To thy kith and kin above!

    I can tetch thy finger-tips
      Ca'mly, and bresh back the hair
    From thy forr'ed with my lips,
      And not leave a teardrop thare.--
        Weep fer _Tomps and Ruth_--and _me_--
        But I can not weep fer _thee_.


    It's the curiousest thing in creation,
      Whenever I hear that old song
    "Do They Miss Me at Home," I'm so bothered,
      My life seems as short as it's long!--
    Fer ev'rything 'pears like adzackly
      It 'peared in the years past and gone,--
    When I started out sparkin', at twenty,
      And had my first neckercher on!

    Though I'm wrinkelder, older and grayer
      Right now than my parents was then,
    You strike up that song "Do They Miss Me,"
      And I'm jest a youngster again!--
    I'm a-standin' back thare in the furries
      A-wishin' fer evening to come,
    And a-whisperin' over and over
      Them words "Do They Miss Me at Home?"

    You see, _Marthy Ellen she_ sung it
      The first time I heerd it; and so,
    As she was my very first sweethart,
      It reminds me of her, don't you know;--
    How her face ust to look, in the twilight,
      As I tuck her to Spellin'; and she
    Kep' a-hummin' that song tel I ast her,
      Pine-blank, ef she ever missed _me_!

    I can shet my eyes now, as you sing it,
      And hear her low answerin' words;
    And then the glad chirp of the crickets,
      As clear as the twitter of birds;
    And the dust in the road is like velvet,
      And the ragweed and fennel and grass
    Is as sweet as the scent of the lillies
      Of Eden of old, as we pass.

    "_Do They Miss Me at Home?_" Sing it lower--
      And softer--and sweet as the breeze
    That powdered our path with the snowy
      White bloom of the old locus'-trees!
    Let the whipperwills he'p you to sing it,
      And the echoes 'way over the hill,
    Tel the moon boolges out, in a chorus
      Of stars, and our voices is still.

    But oh! "They's a chord in the music
      That's missed when _her_ voice is away!"
    Though I listen from midnight tel morning,
      And dawn tel the dusk of the day!
    And I grope through the dark, lookin' up'ards
      And on through the heavenly dome,
    With my longin' soul singin' and sobbin'
      The words "Do They Miss Me at Home?"


    "Coon-dog Wess"--he allus went
      'Mongst us here by that-air name.
    Moved in this-here Settlement
      From next county--he laid claim,--
    Lived down in the bottoms--whare
    _Ust_ to be some coons in thare!--

    In nigh Clayton's, next the crick,--
      Mind old Billy ust to say
    Coons in thare was jest that thick,
      He'p him corn-plant any day!--
    And, in rostneer-time, be then
    Aggin' him to plant again!

    Well,--In Spring o' '67,
      This-here "Coon-dog Wess" he come--
    Fetchin' 'long 'bout forty-'leven
      Ornriest-lookin' hounds, I gum!
    Ever mortul-man laid eyes
    On sence dawn o' Christian skies!

    Wife come traipsin' at the rag-
      Tag-and-bobtail of the crowd,
    Dogs and childern, with a bag
      Corn-meal and some side-meat,--_Proud_
    And as _independunt_--_My!_--
    Yit a mild look in her eye.

    Well--this "Coon-dog Wess" he jest
      Moved in that-air little pen
    Of a pole-shed, aidgin' west
      On "The Slues o' Death," called then.--
    Otter- and mink-hunters ust
    To camp thare 'fore game vam-moosd.

    Abul-bodied man,--and lots
      Call fer _choppers_--and fer hands
    To git _cross-ties_ out.--But what's
      _Work_ to sich as understands
    Ways appinted and is hence
    Under special providence?--

    "Coon-dog Wess's" holts was _hounds_
      And _coon-huntin'_; and he knowed
    _His_ own range, and stayed in bounds
      And left work for them 'at showed
    _Talents_ fer it--same as his
    Gifts regardin' coon-dogs is.

    Hounds of ev'ry mungerl breed
      Ever whelped on earth!--Had these
    _Yeller_ kind, with punkin-seed
      Marks above theyr eyes--and fleas
    Both to sell and keep!--Also
    These-here _lop-yeerd_ hounds, you know.--

    Yes-and _brindle_ hounds--and long,
      Ga'nt hounds, with them eyes they' got
    So blame _sorry_, it seems wrong,
      'Most, to kick 'em as to not!
    Man, though, wouldn't dast, I guess,
    Kick a hound fer "Coon-dog Wess"!

    'Tended to his own affairs
      Stric'ly;--made no brags,--and yit
    You could see 'at them hounds' cares
      'Peared like _his_,--and he'd a-fit
    Fer 'em, same as wife er child!--
    Them facts made folks rickonciled,

    Sorto', fer to let him be
      And not pester him. And then
    Word begin to spread 'at he
      Had brung in as high as ten
    Coon-pelts in one night--and yit
    Didn't 'pear to boast of it!

    Neghborhood made some complaints
      'Bout them plague-gone hounds at night
    Howlin' fit to wake the saints,
      Clean from dusk tel plum day-light!
    But to "Coon-dog Wess" them-thare
    Howls was "music in the air"!

    Fetched his pelts to Gilson's Store--
      Newt he shipped fer him, and said,
    Sence _he'd_ cooned thare, he'd shipped more
      Than three hunderd pelts!--"By Ned!
    Git shet of my _store_," Newt says,
    "I'd go in with 'Coon-dog Wess'!"

    And the feller 'peared to be
      Makin' best and most he could
    Of his rale prospairity:--
      Bought some household things--and _good_,--
    Likewise, wagon-load onc't come
    From wharever he'd moved from.

    But pore feller's huntin'-days,
      'Bout them times, was glidin' past!--
    Goes out onc't one night and _stays!_
      ... Neghbors they turned out, at last,
    Headed by his wife and one
    Half-starved hound--and search begun.

    Boys said, that blame hound, he led
      Searchin' party, 'bout a half
    Mile ahead, and bellerin', said,
      Worse'n ary yearlin' calf!--
    Tel, at last, come fur-off sounds
    Like the howl of other hounds.

    And-sir, shore enugh, them signs
      Fetched 'em--in a' hour er two--
    Whare the _pack_ was;--and they finds
      "Coon-dog Wess" _right thare_;--And you
    Would admitted he was right
      _Stayin'_, as he had, _all night!_

    Facts is, cuttin' down a tree,
      The blame thing had sorto' fell
    In a twist-like--_mercy me!_
      And had ketched him.--Couldn't tell,
    Wess said, _how_ he'd managed--yit
    He'd got both legs under it!

    Fainted and come to, I s'pose,
      'Bout a dozen times whilse they
    Chopped him out!--And wife she froze
      To him!--bresh his hair away
    And smile cheerful'--only when
    He'd faint.--Cry and kiss him _then_.

    Had _his_ nerve!--And nussed him through,--
      Neghbors he'pped her--all she'd stand.--
    Had a loom, and she could do
      Carpet-weavin' railly grand!--
    "'Sides," she ust to laugh and say,
    "She'd have Wess, now, _night_ and day!"

    As fer _him_, he'd say, says-ee,
      "I'm resigned to bein' lame:--
    They was four coons up that tree,
      And hounds got 'em, jest the same!"
    'Peared like, one er two legs less
    Never worried "Coon-dog Wess"!

A. M., LL. D. T-Y-TY!

[Cumposed by A Old Friend of the Fambily sence 'way back in the
Forties, when they Settled nigh Fillmore, Putnam County, this State,
whare John was borned and growed up, you might say, like the wayside

    Your neghbors in the country, whare you come from, hain't fergot!--
    We knowed you even better than your own-self, like as not.
    We profissied your runnin'-geers 'ud stand a soggy load
    And pull her, purty stiddy, up a mighty rocky road:
    We been a-watchin' your career sence you could write your name--
    But way you writ it _first_, I'll say, was jest a burnin' shame!--
    Your "J. C." in the copybook, and "Ridpath"--mercy-sakes!--
    Quiled up and tide in dubble bows, lookt like a nest o' snakes!--
      But _you_ could read it, I _suppose_, and kindo' gloted on
      A-bein' "_J. C. Ridpath_" when _we_ only called you "_John_."

    But you'd work 's well as fool, and what you had to do was _done_:
    We've watched you at the woodpile--not the _woodshed_--wasent none,--
    And snow and sleet, and haulin', too, and lookin' after stock,
    And milkin', nights, and feedin' pigs,--then turnin' back the clock,
    So's you could set up studyin' your 'Rethmatic, and fool
    Your Parents, whilse a-piratin' your way through winter school!
    And I've heerd tell--from your own folks--you've set and baked your face
    A-readin' Plutark Slives all night by that old fi-er-place.--
      Yit, 'bout them times, the blackboard, onc't, had on it, I _de_-clare,
      "Yours truly, _J. Clark_ Ridpath."--And the teacher--left it thare!

    And they was other symptums, too, that pinted, plane as day,
    To nothin' short of _College_!--and _one_ was the lovin' way
    Your mother had of cheerin' you to efforts brave and strong,
    And puttin' more faith in you, as you needed it along:
    She'd pat you on the shoulder, er she'd grab you by the hands,
    And _laugh_ sometimes, er _cry_ sometimes.--They's few that understands
    Jest _what_ theyr mother's drivin' at when they act thataway;--
    But I'll say this fer _you_, John-Clark,--you answered, night and day,
      To ev'ry trust and hope of hers--and half your College fame
      Was battled fer and won fer her and glory of her name.

    The likes of _you_ at _College_! But you went thare. How you paid
    Your way nobody's astin'--but you _worked_,--you hain't afraid,--
    Your _clothes_ was, more'n likely, kindo' out o' style, perhaps,
    And not as snug and warm as some 'at hid the other chaps;--
    But when it come to _Intullect_--they tell me yourn was dressed
    A _leetle_ mite _superber_-like than any of the rest!
    And there you _stayed_--and thare you've made your rickord, fare and square--
    Tel _now_ its _Fame_ 'at writes your name, approvin', _ev'rywhare_--
      Not _jibblets_ of it, nuther,--but all John Clark Ridpath, set
      Plum at the dashboard of the whole-endurin' Alfabet!


    Oh! tell me a tale of the airly days--
      Of the times as they ust to be;
    "Piller of Fi-er" and "Shakspeare's Plays"
      Is a' most too deep fer me!
    I want plane facts, and I want plane words,
      Of the good old-fashiond ways,
    When speech run free as the songs of birds
      'Way back in the airly days.

    Tell me a tale of the timber-lands--
      Of the old-time pioneers;
    Somepin' a pore man understands
      With his feelin's well as ears.
    Tell of the old log house,--about
      The loft, and the puncheon flore--
    The old fi-er-place, with the crane swung out,
      And the latch-string thrugh the door.

    Tell of the things jest as they was--
      They don't need no excuse!--
    Don't tetch 'em up like the poets does,
      Tel theyr all too fine fer use!--
    Say they was 'leven in the fambily--
      Two beds, and the chist, below,
    And the trundle-beds that each helt three,
      And the clock and the old bureau.

    Then blow the horn at the old back-door
      Tel the echoes all halloo,
    And the childern gethers home onc't more,
      Jest as they ust to do:
    Blow fer Pap tel he hears and comes,
      With Tomps and Elias, too,
    A-marchin' home, with the fife and drums
      And the old Red White and Blue!

    Blow and blow tel the sound draps low
      As the moan of the whipperwill,
    And wake up Mother, and Ruth and Jo,
      All sleepin' at Bethel Hill:
    Blow and call tel the faces all
      Shine out in the back-log's blaze,
    And the shadders dance on the old hewed wall
      As they did in the airly days.


    "Mylo Jones's wife" was all
    I heerd, mighty near, last Fall--
    Visitun relations down
    T'other side of Morgantown!
    Mylo Jones's wife she does
    This and that, and "those" and "thus"!--
    Can't 'bide babies in her sight--
    Ner no childern, day and night,
    Whoopin' round the premises--
    _Ner no nothin' else_, I guess!

    Mylo Jones's wife she 'lows
    She's the boss of her own house!--
    Mylo--consequences is--
    Stays whare things seem _some_ like _his_,--
    Uses, mostly, with the stock--
    Coaxin' "Old Kate" not to balk,
    Ner kick hoss-flies' branes out, ner
    Act, I s'pose, so much like _her_!
    Yit the wimmern-folks tells you
    She's _perfection_.--Yes they do!

    Mylo's wife she says she's found
    Home hain't home with _men-folks_ round
    When they's work like _hern_ to do--
    Picklin' pears and _butchern_, too,
    And a-rendern lard, and then
    Cookin' fer a pack of men
    To come trackin' up the flore
    _She's_ scrubbed _tel_ she'll scrub no _more_!--
    Yit she'd keep things clean ef they
    Made her scrub tel Jedgmunt Day!

    Mylo Jones's wife she sews
    Carpet-rags and patches clothes
    Jest year _in_ and _out_!--and yit
    Whare's the livin' use of it?
    She asts Mylo that.--And he
    Gits back whare he'd ruther be,
    With his team;--jest _plows_--and don't
    Never sware--like some folks won't!
    Think ef _he'd cut loose_, I gum!
    'D he'p his heavenly chances some!

    Mylo's wife don't see no use,
    Ner no reason ner excuse
    Fer his pore relations to
    Hang round like they allus do!
    Thare 'bout onc't a year--and _she_--
    She jest _ga'nts_ 'em, folks tells me,
    On spiced pears!--Pass Mylo one,
    He says "No, he don't chuse none!"
    Workin' men like Mylo they
    'D ort to have _meat_ ev'ry day!

    Dad-burn Mylo Jones's wife!
    Ruther rake a blame caseknife
    'Crost my wizzen than to see
    Sich a womern rulin' _me_!--
    Ruther take and turn in and
    Raise a fool mule-colt by hand!
    _Mylo_, though--od-rot the man!--
    Jest keeps ca'm--like some folks _can_--
    And 'lows sich as her, I s'pose,
    Is _Man's he'pmeet_!--Mercy knows!


[On the night of the marraige of the foregoin' couple, which shall be
nameless here, these lines was ca'mly dashed off in the albun of the
happy bride whilse the shivver-ree was goin' on outside the residence.]

    He was warned against the _womern_--
      She was warned aginst the _man_.--
    And ef _that_ won't make a weddin',
      W'y, they's nothin' else that can!


    Old John Clevenger lets on,
      Allus, like he's purty rough
    Timber.--He's a grate old John!--
      "Rough?"--don't swaller no sich stuff!
    Moved here, sence the war was through,
      From Ohio--somers near
    Old Bucyrus,--loyal, too,
      As us "Hoosiers" is to _here_!
    Git old John stirred up a bit
      On his old home stompin'-ground--
    Talks same as he lived thare yit,
      When some subject brings it round--
    Like, fer instunce, Sund'y last,
      Fetched his wife, and et and stayed
    All night with us.--Set and gassed
      Tel plum midnight--'cause I made
    Some remark 'bout "buckeyes" and
      "What was buckeyes good fer?"--So,
    Like I 'lowed, he waved his hand
      And lit in and let me know:--
    "'What is Buckeyes good fer?'--What's
    _Pineys_ and _fergitmenots_?--
    Honeysuckles, and sweet peas,
    And sweet-williamsuz, and these
    Johnny-jump-ups ev'rywhare,
    Growin' round the roots o' trees
    In Spring-weather?--what air _they_
    Good fer?--kin you tell me--_Hey?_
    'Good to look at?' Well they air!
    'Specially when _Winter's_ gone,
    Clean _dead-certin!_ and the wood's
    Green again, and sun feels good's
    June!--and shed your blame boots on
    The back porch, and lit out to
    Roam round like you ust to do,
    Bare-foot, up and down the crick,
    Whare the buckeyes growed so thick,
    And witch-hazel and pop-paws,
    And hackberries and black-haws--
    With wild pizen-vines jis knit
    _Over_ and _en-nunder_ it,
    And wove round it all, I jing!
    Tel you couldn't hardly stick
    A durn _caseknife_ through the thing!
    Wriggle round through _that_; and then--
    All het-up, and scratched and tanned,
    And muskeeter-bit and mean-
    Feelin'--all at onc't again,
    Come out suddent on a clean
    Slopin' little hump o' green
    Dry soft grass, as fine and grand
    As a pollor-sofy!--And
    Jis pile down thare!--and tell _me_
    _Anywhares_ you'd ruther be--
    'Ceptin' _right thare_, with the wild-
    Flowrs all round ye, and your eyes
    Smilin' with 'em at the skies,
    Happy as a little child!
    Well!--right here, _I_ want to say,
    Poets kin talk all they please
    'Bout 'wild-flowrs, in colors gay,'
    And 'sweet blossoms flauntin' theyr
    Beauteous fragrunce on the breeze'--
    But the sight o' _buckeyes_ jis
    Sweet to me as _blossoms_ is!

    "I'm _Ohio-born_--right whare
    People's _all_ called 'Buckeyes' _thare_--
    'Cause, I s'pose, our buckeye crap's
    Biggest in the world, perhaps!--
    Ner my head don't stretch my hat
    Too much on account o' _that_!--
    'Cause it's Natchur's ginerus hand
    Sows 'em broadcast ore the land,
    With eye-single fer man's good
    And the gineral neghborhood!
    So _buckeyes_ jis natchurly
    'Pears like _kith-and-kin_ to _me_!
    'Slike the good old sayin' wuz,
    'Purty _is_ as purty _does_!'--
    We can't eat 'em, cookd er raw--
    Yit, I mind, _tomattusuz_
    Wuz considerd pizenus
    _Onc't_--and dasent eat 'em!--_Pshaw_--
    'Twouldn't take _me_ by supprise,
    Someday, ef we et _buckeyes_!
    That, though, 's nuther here ner thare!--
    _Jis the Buckeye_ whare we air,
    In the present times, is what
    Ockuppies my lovin' care
    And my most perfoundest thought!
    ... Guess, this minute, what I got
    In my pocket, 'at I've packed
    Purt'-nigh forty year.--A dry,
    Slick and shiny, warped and cracked,
    Wilted, weazened old _buckeye_!
    What's it _thare_ fer? What's my hart
    In my _brest_ fer?--'Cause it's part
    Of my _life_--and 'tends to biz--
    Like this _buckeye's_ bound to act--
    'Cause _it_ 'tends to _Rhumatiz_!

    "... Ketched more _rhumatiz_ than _fish_,
    Seinen', onc't--and pants froze on
    My blame legs!--And ust to wish
    I wuz well er _dead and gone_!
    Doc give up the case, and shod
    His old boss again and stayed
    On good roads!--_And thare I laid!_
    Pap he tuck some bluegrass sod
    Steeped in whisky, bilin'-hot,
    And socked _that_ on! Then I got
    Sorto' holt o' him, _somehow_--
    Kindo' crazy-like, they say--
    And I'd _killed_ him, like as not,
    Ef I hadn't swooned away!
    _Smell my scortcht pelt purt'-nigh now!_
    Well--to make a long tale short--
    I hung on the blame disease
    Like a shavin'-hoss! and sort
    O' wore it out by slow degrees--
    Tel my legs wuz straight enugh
    To poke through my pants again
    And kick all the doctor-stuff
    In the fi-er-place! Then turned in
    And tuck Daddy Craig's old cuore--
    _Jis a buckeye_--and that's _shore_.--
    Hain't no case o' rhumatiz
    Kin subsist whare buckeyes is!"


    The hoss he is a splendud beast;
      He is man's friend, as heaven desined,
    And, search the world from west to east,
      No honester you'll ever find!

    Some calls the hoss "a pore dumb brute,"
      And yit, like Him who died fer you,
    I say, as I theyr charge refute,
      "'Fergive; they know not what they do!'"

    No wiser animal makes tracks
      Upon these earthly shores, and hence
    Arose the axium, true as facts,
      Extoled by all, as "Good hoss-sense!"

    The hoss is strong, and knows his stren'th,--
      You hitch him up a time er two
    And lash him, and he'll go his len'th
      And kick the dashboard out fer you!

    But, treat him allus good and kind,
      And never strike him with a stick,
    Ner aggervate him, and you'll find
      He'll never do a hostile trick.

    A hoss whose master tends him right
      And worters him with daily care,
    Will do your biddin' with delight,
      And act as docile as _you_ air.

    He'll paw and prance to hear your praise,
      Because he's learn't to love you well;
    And, though you can't tell what he says,
      He'll nicker all he wants to tell.

    He knows you when you slam the gate
      At early dawn, upon your way
    Unto the barn, and snorts elate,
      To git his corn, er oats, er hay.

    He knows you, as the orphant knows
      The folks that loves her like theyr own,
    And raises her and "finds" her clothes,
      And "schools" her tel a womern-grown!

    I claim no hoss will harm a man,
      Ner kick, ner run away, cavort,
    Stump-suck, er balk, er "catamaran,"
      Ef you'll jest treat him as you ort.

    But when I see the beast abused,
      And clubbed around as I've saw some,
    I want to see his owner noosed,
      And jest yanked up like Absolum!

    Of course they's differunce in stock,--
      A hoss that has a little yeer,
    And slender build, and shaller hock,
      Can beat his shadder, mighty near!

    Whilse one that's thick in neck and chist
      And big in leg and full in flank,
    That tries to race, I still insist
      He'll have to take the second rank.

    And I have jest laid back and laughed,
      And rolled and wallered in the grass
    At fairs, to see some heavy-draft
      Lead out at _first_, yit come in _last_!

    Each hoss has his appinted place,--
      The heavy hoss should plow the soil;--
    The blooded racer, he must race,
      And win big wages fer his toil.

    I never bet--ner never wrought
      Upon my feller-man to bet--
    And yit, at times, I've often thought
      Of my convictions with regret.

    I bless the hoss from hoof to head--
      From head to hoof, and tale to mane!--
    I bless the hoss, as I have said,
      From head to hoof, and back again!

    I love my God the first of all,
      Then Him that perished on the cross,
    And next, my wife,--and then I fall
      Down on my knees and love the hoss.


[These lines was writ, in ruther high sperits, jest at the close of
what's called the Anti Bellum Days, and more to be a-foolin' than
anything else,--though they is more er less facts in it. But some of
the boys, at the time we was all a-singin' it, fer Ezry's benefit, to
the old tune of "The Oak and the Ash and the Bonny Willer Tree," got it
struck off in the weekly, without leave er lisence of mine; and so
sence they's allus some of 'em left to rigg me about it yit, I might as
well claim the thing right here and now, so here goes. I give it jest
as it appeared, fixed up and grammatisized consider'ble, as the editer
told me he took the liburty of doin', in that sturling old home paper
THE ADVANCE--as sound a paper yit to-day and as stanch and abul as
you'll find in a hunderd.]

    Come listen, good people, while a story I do tell,
    Of the sad fate of one which I knew so passing well;
    He enlisted at McCordsville, to battle in the South,
    And protect his country's union; his name was Ezra House.

    He was a young school-teacher, and educated high
    In regards to Ray's arithmetic, and also Algebra:
    He give good satisfaction, but at his country's call
    He dropped his position, his Algebra and all.

    "It's oh, I'm going to leave you, kind scholars," he said--
    For he wrote a composition the last day and read;
    And it brought many tears in the eyes of the school,
    To say nothing of his sweetheart he was going to leave so soon.

    "I have many recollections to take with me away,
    Of the merry transpirations in the school-room so gay;
    And of all that's past and gone I will never regret
    I went to serve my country at the first of the outset!"

    He was a good penman, and the lines that he wrote
    On that sad occasion was too fine for me to quote,--
    For I was there and heard it, and I ever will recall
    It brought the happy tears to the eyes of us all.

    And when he left, his sweetheart she fainted away,
    And said she could never forget the sad day
    When her lover so noble, and gallant and gay,
    Said "Fare you well, my true love!" and went marching away.

    But he hadn't been gone for more than two months,
    When the sad news come--"he was in a skirmish once,
    And a cruel Rebel ball had wounded him full sore
    In the region of the chin, through the canteen he wore."

    But his health recruited up, and his wounds they got well,
    But whilst he was in battle at Bull Run or Malvern Hill,
    The news come again, so sorrowful to hear--
    "A sliver from a bombshell cut off his right ear."

    But he stuck to the boys, and it's often he would write,
    That "he wasn't afraid for his country to fight."
    But oh, had he returned on a furlough, I believe
    He would not, to-day, have such cause to grieve.

    For in another battle--the name I never heard--
    He was guarding the wagons when an accident occurred,--
    A comrade who was under the influence of drink,
    Shot him with a musket through the right cheek, I think.

    But his dear life was spared; but it hadn't been for long,
    Till a cruel Rebel colonel come riding along,
    And struck him with his sword, as many do suppose,
    For his cap-rim was cut off, and also his nose.

    But Providence, who watches o'er the noble and the brave,
    Snatched him once more from the jaws of the grave;
    And just a little while before the close of the war,
    He sent his picture home to his girl away so far.

    And she fell into decline, and she wrote in reply,
    "She had seen his face again and was ready to die";
    And she wanted him to promise, when she was in her tomb,
    He would only visit that by the light of the moon.

    But he never returned at the close of the war,
    And the boys that got back said he hadn't the heart;
    But he got a position in a powder-mill, and said
    He hoped to meet the doom that his country denied.


    Most ontimely old man yit!
      'Pear-like sometimes he jest _tries_
    His fool-self, and takes the bitt
      In his teeth and jest de-fies
    All perpryties!--Lay and swet
      Doin' _nothin'_--only jest
    Sorto' speckillatun on
    Whare old summertimes is gone,
      And 'bout things that he loved best
    When a youngster! Heerd him say
    _Springtimes_ made him thataway--
      Speshully on _Sund'ys_--when
      Sun shines out and in again,
    And the lonesome old hens they
      Git off under the old kern-
      Bushes, and in deep concern
    _Talk-like to theyrselvs_, and scratch
      Kindo' absunt-minded, jest
    Like theyr thoughts was fur away
    In some neghbor's gyarden-patch
      Folks has tended keerfullest!
    Heerd the old man dwell on these
      Idys time and time again!--
    Heerd him claim that orchurd-trees
      Bloomin', put the mischief in
    His old hart sometimes that bad
    And owdacious that he "_had_
      To break loose _some_way," says he,
      "Ornry as I ust to be!"

    Heerd him say one time--when I
    Was a sorto' standin' by,
      And the air so still and clear,
      Heerd the bell fer church clean here!--
    Said: "Ef I could climb and set
      On the old three-cornerd rail
    Old home-place, nigh Maryette',
      Swop my soul off, hide and tale!"
    And-sir! blame ef tear and laugh
    Didn't ketch him half and half!
      "Oh!" he says, "to wake and be
    Bare-foot, in the airly dawn
      In the pastur'!--thare," says he,
    "Standin' whare the cow's slep' on
      The cold, dewy grass that's got
      _Print_ of her jest steamy hot
    Fer to warm a feller's heels
    In a while!--How good it feels!
    Nothin' but the _silunce_--see
      Nothin' but green woods and clear
    Skies and unwrit poetry
    By the acre!... Oh!" says he,
      "What's this voice of mine?--to seek
      To speak out, and yit _can't_ speak!

    "_Think!_--the lazyest of days"--
      Takin' his contrairyest leap,
      He went on,--"git up, er sleep--
    Er whilse feedin', watch the haze
      Dancin' 'crost the wheat,--and keep
    My pipe goin' laisurely--
    Puff and whiff as pleases me,--
      Er I'll leave a trail of smoke
    Through _the house_!--no one'll say
    '_Throw that nasty thing away!_'
      'Pear-like nothin' sacerd's broke,
    Goin' bare-foot ef I chuse!--
      I _have fiddled_;--and dug bait
    And _went fishin'_;--pitched hoss-shoes--
    Whare they couldn't see us from
    The main road.--And I've _beat_ some.
      I've set round and had my joke
    With the thrashers at the barn--
    And I've swopped 'em yarn fer yarn!--
      Er I've he'pped the childern poke
    Fer hens'-nests--agged on a match
    'Twixt the boys, to watch 'em scratch
      And paw round and rip and tare,
      And bust buttons and pull hair
    To theyr rompin' harts' content--
      And me jest a-settin' thare
    Hatchin' out more devilment!

      "What you s'pose now ort to be
      Done with sich a man?" says he--
      "Sich a fool-old-man as me!"


    It hain't no use to grumble and complane;
      It's jest as cheap and easy to rejoice.--
    When God sorts out the weather and sends rain,
      W'y, rain's my choice.

    Men ginerly, to all intents--
      Although they're apt to grumble some--
    Puts most theyr trust in Providence,
      And takes things as they come--
        That is, the commonality
        Of men that's lived as long as me
        Has watched the world enugh to learn
        They're not the boss of this concern.

    With _some_, of course, it's different--
      I've saw _young_ men that knowed it all,
    And didn't like the way things went
      On this terrestchul ball;--

        But all the same, the rain, some way,
        Rained jest as hard on picnic day;
        Er, when they railly _wanted_ it,
        It mayby wouldn't rain a bit!

    In this existunce, dry and wet
      Will overtake the best of men--
    Some little skift o' clouds'll shet
      The sun off now and then.--
        And mayby, whilse you're wundern who
        You've fool-like lent your umbrell' to,
        And _want_ it--out'll pop the sun,
        And you'll be glad you hain't got none!

    It aggervates the farmers, too--
      They's too much wet, er too much sun,
    Er work, er waitin' round to do
      Before the plowin' 's done:
        And mayby, like as not, the wheat,
        Jest as it's lookin' hard to beat,
        Will ketch the storm--and jest about
        The time the corn's a-jintin' out.

    These-here _cy-clones_ a-foolin' round--
      And back'ard crops!--and wind and rain!--
    And yit the corn that's wallerd down
      May elbow up again!--
        They hain't no sense, as I can see,
        Fer mortuls, sich as us, to be
        A-faultin' Natchur's wise intents,
        And lockin' horns with Providence!

    It hain't no use to grumble and complane;
      It's jest as cheap and easy to rejoice.--
    When God sorts out the weather and sends rain,
      W'y, rain's my choice.


    I like fun--and I like jokes
    'Bout as well as most o' folks!--
      Like my joke, and like my fun;--
    But a joke, I'll state right here,
    'S got some p'int--er I don't keer
      Fer no joke that hain't got none.--
    I hain't got no use, I'll say,
    Fer a _pore_ joke, anyway!

    F'rinstunce, now, when _some_ folks gits
    To relyin' on theyr wits,
    Ten to one they git too smart
    And _spile_ it all, right at the start!
    Feller wants to jest go slow
      And do his _thinkin'_ first, you know.
    'F I can't think up somepin' good,
    I set still and chaw my cood!
      'F you _think_ nothin'--jest keep on,
      But don't _say_ it--er you're gone!


    Oh! Thou that vaileth from all eyes
      The glory of Thy face,
    And setteth throned behind the skies
      In Thy abiding-place:
    Though I but dimly recko'nize
      Thy purposes of grace;
    And though with weak and wavering
      Deserts, and vexd with fears,
    I lift the hands I can not wring
      All dry of sorrow's tears,
    Make puore my prayers that daily wing
      Theyr way unto Thy ears!

    Oh! with the hand that tames the flood
      And smooths the storm to rest,
    Make ba'mmy dews of all the blood
      That stormeth in my brest,
    And so refresh my hart to bud
      And bloom the loveliest.
    Lull all the clammer of my soul
      To silunce; bring release
    Unto the brane still in controle
      Of doubts; bid sin to cease,
    And let the waves of pashun roll
      And kiss the shores of peace.

    Make me to love my feller-man--
      Yea, though his bitterness
    Doth bite as only adders can--
      Let _me_ the fault confess,
    And go to him and clasp his hand
      And love him none the less.
    So keep me, Lord, ferever free
      From vane concete er whim;
    And he whose pius eyes can see
      My faults, however dim,--
    Oh! let him pray the least fer me,
      And me the most fer him.


    Jest rain and snow! and rain again!
      And dribble! drip! and blow!
    Then snow! and thaw! and slush! and then--
      Some more rain and snow!

    This morning I was 'most afeard
      To _wake_ up--when, I jing!
    I seen the sun shine out and heerd
      The first bluebird of Spring!--
    Mother she'd raised the winder some;--
    And in acrost the orchurd come,
      Soft as a angel's wing,
    A breezy, treesy, beesy hum,
      Too sweet fer anything!

    The winter's shroud was rent a-part--
      The sun bust forth in glee,--
    And when that _that bluebird_ sung, my hart
      Hopped out o' bed with me!


    Pore afflicted Evagene!
    Whilse the woods is fresh and green,
    And the birds on ev'ry hand
    Sings in rapture sweet and grand,--
    Thou, of all the joyus train,
    Art bedridden, and in pain
      Sich as only them can cherish
      Who, like flowrs, is first to perish!

    When the neghbors brought the word
    She was down, the folks inferred
    It was jest a cold she'd caught,
    Dressin' thinner than she'd ort
    Fer the frolicks and the fun
    Of the dancin' that she'd done
      'Fore the Spring was flush er ary
      Blossom on the peach er cherry.

    But, last Sund'y, her request
    Fer the Church's prayers was jest
    Rail hart-renderin' to hear!--
    Many was the silunt tear
    And the tremblin' sigh, to show
    She was dear to us below
      On this earth--and _dearer_, even,
      When we thought of her a-leavin'!

    Sisters prayed, and coted from
    Genesis to Kingdom-come
    Provin' of her title clear
    To the mansions.--"Even _her_,"
    _They_ claimed, "might be saved, _someway_,
    Though she'd danced, and played crowkay,
      And wrought on her folks to git her
      Fancy shoes that never fit her!"

    _Us_ to pray fer _Evagene_!--
    With her hart as puore and clean
    As a rose is after rain
    When the sun comes out again!--
    What's the use to pray for _her_?
    _She_ don't need no prayin' fer!--
      Needed, all her life, more _playin'_
      Than she ever needed prayin'!

    I jest thought of all she'd been
    Sence her _mother_ died, and when
    She turned in and done _her_ part--
    All _her_ cares on that child-hart!--
    Thought of years she'd slaved--and had
    Saved the farm--danced and was glad....
      Mayby Him who marks the sporry
      Will smooth down her wings tomorry!


    As it's give' me to percieve,
    I most certin'y believe
    When a man's jest glad plum through,
    God's pleased with him, same as you.


    They's a predjudice allus 'twixt country and town
      Which I wisht in my hart wasent so.
    You take _city_ people, jest square up and down,
      And they're mighty good people to know:
    And whare's better people a-livin', to-day,
      Than us in the _country_?--Yit good
    As both of us is, we're divorsed, you might say,
      And won't compermise when we could!

    Now as nigh into town fer yer Pap, ef you please,
      Is the what's called the sooburbs.--Fer thare
    You'll at least ketch a whiff of the breeze and a sniff
      Of the breth of wild-flowrs ev'rywhare.
    They's room fer the childern to play, and grow, too--
      And to roll in the grass, er to climb
    Up a tree and rob nests, like they _ortent_ to do,
      But they'll do _any_how ev'ry time!

    My Son-in-law said, when he lived in the town,
      He jest natchurly pined, night and day,
    Fer a sight of the woods, er a acre of ground
      Whare the trees wasent all cleared away!

    And he says to me onc't, whilse a-visitin' us
      On the farm, "It's not strange, I declare,
    That we can't coax you folks, without raisin' a fuss,
      To come to town, visitin' thare!"

    And says I, "Then git back whare you sorto' _belong_--
      And _Madaline_, too,--and yer three
    Little childern," says I, "that don't know a birdsong,
      Ner a hawk from a chicky-dee-dee!
    Git back," I-says-I, "to the blue of the sky
      And the green of the fields, and the shine
    Of the sun, with a laugh in yer voice and yer eye
      As harty as Mother's and mine!"

    Well--long-and-short of it,--he's compermised _some_--
      He's moved in the sooburbs.--And now
    They don't haf to coax, when they want us to come,
      'Cause we turn in and go _anyhow_!
    Fer thare--well, they's room fer the songs and purfume
      Of the grove and the old orchurd-ground,
    And they's room fer the childern out thare, and they's room
      Fer theyr Gran'pap to waller 'em round!


[Writ on the flyleaf of a volume of the author's poems that come in one
of gittin' burnt up in the great Bowen-Merrill's fire of March 17,

    Through fire and flood this book has passed.--
    Fer what?--I hardly dare to ast--
    Less'n it's still to pamper me
    With extry food fer vanity;--
    Fer, sence it's fell in hands as true
    As _yourn_ is--and a _Hoosier_ too,--
    I'm prouder of the book, I jing!
    Than 'fore they tried to burn the thing!


    It's lonesome--sorto' lonesome,--it's a _Sund'y-day_, to me,
    It 'pears-like--more'n any day I nearly ever see!--
    Yit, with the Stars and Stripes above, a-flutterin' in the air,
    On ev'ry Soldier's grave I'd love to lay a lilly thare.

    They say, though, Decoration Days is giner'ly observed
    'Most _ev'rywhares_--espeshally by soldier-boys that's served.--
    But me and Mother's never went--we seldom git away,--
    In p'int o' fact, we're _allus_ home on _Decoration Day_.

    They say the old boys marches through the streets in colum's grand,
    A-follerin' the old war-tunes they're playin' on the band--
    And citizuns all jinin' in--and little childern, too--
    All marchin', under shelter of the old Red White and Blue.--

    With roses! roses! roses!--everybody in the town!--
    And crowds o' little girls in white, jest fairly loaded down!--
    Oh! don't THE BOYS know it, from theyr camp acrost the hill?--
    Don't they see theyr com'ards comin' and the old flag wavin' still?

    Oh! can't they hear the bugul and the rattle of the drum?--
    Ain't they no way under heavens they can rickollect us some?
    Ain't they no way we can coax 'em, through the roses, jest to say
    They know that ev'ry day on earth's theyr Decoration Day?

    We've tried that--me and Mother,--whare Elias takes his rest,
    In the orchurd--in his uniform, and hands acrost his brest,
    And the flag he died fer, smilin' and a-ripplin' in the breeze
    Above his grave--and over that,--_the robin in the trees_!

    And _yit_ it's lonesome--lonesome!--It's a _Sund'y-day_, to _me_,
    It 'pears-like--more'n any day I nearly ever see!--
    Still, with the Stars and Stripes above, a-flutterin' in the air,
    On ev'ry Soldier's grave I'd love to lay a lilly thare.


    "'S cur'ous-like," said the tree-toad,
      "I've twittered fer rain all day;
        And I got up soon,
        And hollered tel noon--
      But the sun, hit blazed away,
        Tell I jest clumb down in a crawfish-hole,
        Weary at hart, and sick at soul!

    "Dozed away fer an hour,
      And I tackled the thing agin:
        And I sung, and sung,
        Tel I knowed my lung
      Was jest about give in;
        And _then_, thinks I, ef hit don't rain _now_,
        They's nothin' in singin', anyhow!

    "Onc't in a while some farmer
      Would come a-drivin' past;
        And he'd hear my cry,
        And stop and sigh--
      Tel I jest laid back, at last,
        And I hollered rain tel I thought my th'oat
        Would bust wide open at ever' note!

    "But I _fetched_ her!--O _I fetched_ her!--
      'Cause a little while ago,
        As I kindo' set,
        With one eye shet,
      And a-singin' soft and low,
        A voice drapped down on my fevered brain,
        A-sayin',--'_Ef you'll jest hush I'll rain!_'"


[Set down from the real facts of the case that come under notice of the
author whilse visitun far distunt relatives who wuz then residin' at
Rossville, Mich.]

    Folks up here at Rossville got up a Lectur' Course:--
    All the leadin' citizens they wuz out in force;
    Met and talked at Williamses', and 'greed to meet ag'in;
    And helt another corkus when the next reports wuz in:
    Met ag'in at Samuelses'; and met ag'in at Moore's,
    And Johnts putt the shutters up and jest barr'd the door!--
    And yit, I'll jest be dagg-don'd! ef't didn't take a week
    'Fore we'd settled whare to write to git a man to speak!

    Found out whare the "_Bureau_" wuz; and then and thare agreed
    To strike whilse the iron's hot and foller up the lead.--
    Simp wuz Secatary; so he tuk his pen in hand,
    And ast 'em what they'd tax us fer the one on "Holy Land"--

    "One of Colonel J. De-Koombs's Abelust and Best
    Lectur's," the circ'lar stated, "Give East er West!"
    Wanted fifty dollars and his kyar-fare to and from,
    And Simp wuz hence instructed fer to write him not to come.

    Then we talked and jawed around another week er so,
    And writ the "_Bureau_" 'bout the town a-bein' sorto' slow--
    Old-fogey-like, and pore as dirt, and lackin' interprise,
    And ignornter'n any other, 'cordin' to its size:
    Tel finully the "_Bureau_" said they'd send a cheaper man
    Fer forty dollars, who would give "A Talk About Japan"--
    "A reg'lar Japanee hise'f," the pamphlet claimed; and so,
    Nobody knowed his languige, and of course we let him go!

    Kindo' then let up a spell--but rallied onc't ag'in,
    And writ to price a feller on what's called the "violin"--
    A Swede, er Pole, er somepin'--but no matter what he wuz,
    Doc Cooper said he'd heerd him, and he wuzn't wuth a kuss!
    And then we ast fer _Swingse's_ terms; and _Cook_, and _Ingersoll_--
    And blame! ef forty dollars looked like anything at all!
    And then _Burdette_, we tried fer _him_; and Bob he writ to say
    He wuz busy writin' ortographts and couldn't git away.

    At last--along in Aprile--we signed to take this-here
    Bill Nye of Californy, 'at wuz posted to appear
    "The Comicalest Funny Man 'at Ever Jammed a Hall!"
    So we made big preperations, and swep' out the church and all!
    And night he wuz to lectur', and the neghbors all wuz thare,
    And strangers packed along the aisles 'at come from ev'rywhare,
    Committee got a telegrapht the preacher read, 'at run--
    "Got off at Rossville, _Indiany_, 'stid of Michigun."


    In Spring, when the green gits back in the trees,
      And the sun comes out and _stays_,
    And yer boots pulls on with a good tight squeeze,
      And you think of yer bare-foot days;
    When you _ort_ to work and you want to _not_,
      And you and yer wife agrees
    It's time to spade up the garden-lot,
      When the green gits back in the trees--
        Well! work is the least o' _my_ idees
        When the green, you know, gits back in the trees!

    When the green gits back in the trees, and bees
      Is a-buzzin' aroun' ag'in
    In that kind of a lazy go-as-you-please
      Old gait they bum roun' in;
    When the groun's all bald whare the hay-rick stood,
      And the crick's riz, and the breeze
    Coaxes the bloom in the old dogwood,
      And the green gits back in the trees,--
        I like, as I say, in sich scenes as these,
        The time when the green gits back in the trees!

    When the whole tail-fethers o' Wintertime
      Is all pulled out and gone!
    And the sap it thaws and begins to climb,
      And the swet it starts out on
    A feller's forred, a-gittin' down
      At the old spring on his knees--
    I kindo' like jest a-loaferin' roun'
      When the green gits back in the trees--
        Jest a-potterin' roun' as I--durn--please--
        When the green, you know, gits back in the trees!


    I got to _thinkin'_ of her--both her parunts dead and gone--
    And all her sisters married off, and none but her and John
    A-livin' all alone thare in that lonesome sorto' way,
    And him a blame old bachelor, confirmder ev'ry day!
    I'd knowed 'em all, from childern, and theyr daddy from the time
    He settled in the neghborhood, and hadn't ary a dime
    Er dollar, when he married, fer to start housekeepin' on!--
    So I got to _thinkin'_ of her--both her parunts dead and gone!

    I got to _thinkin'_ of her; and a-wundern what _she_ done
    That all _her sisters_ kep' a-gittin' married, one by one,
    And her without _no_ chances--and the best girl of the pack--
    A' old maid, with her hands, you might say, tied behind her back!
    And _Mother_, too, afore she died,--_she_ ust to jest take on,
    When none of 'em wuz left, you know, but Evaline and John,
    And jest declare to goodness 'at the young men must be bline
    To not see what a wife they'd git ef they got Evaline!

    I got to _thinkin'_ of her: In my great affliction she
    Wuz sich a comfert to us, and so kind and neghborly,--
    She'd come, and leave her housework, fer to he'p out little Jane,
    And talk of _her own_ mother 'at she'd never see again--
    They'd sometimes _cry_ together--though, fer the most part, she
    Would have the child so rickonciled and happy-like 'at we
    Felt lonesomer'n ever when she'd putt her bonnet on
    And say she'd railly _haf_ to be a-gittin' back to John!

    I got to _thinkin'_ of her, as I say,--and more and more
    I'd think of her dependence, and the burdens 'at she bore,--
    Her parunts both a-bein' dead, and all her sisters gone
    And married off, and her a-livin' thare alone with John--
    You might say jest a-toilin' and a-slavin' out her life
    Fer a man 'at hadn't pride enugh to git hisse'f a wife--
    'Less some one married _Evaline_ and packed her off some day!--
    So I got to _thinkin'_ of her--and--It happened _thataway_.


    I' got no patience with blues at all!
      And I ust to kindo' talk
    Aginst 'em, and claim, tel along last Fall,
      They wuz none in the fambly stock;
    But a nephew of mine, from Eelinoy,
      That visitud us last year,
    He kindo' convinct me differunt
      Whilse he wuz a-stayin' here.

    From ev'ry-which-way that blues is from,
      They'd pester him _ev'ry_-ways;
    They'd come to him in the night, and come
      On Sundys, and rainy days;
    They'd tackle him in corn-plantin' time,
      And in harvest, and airly Fall,--
    But a dos't o' blues in the _Winter_time,
      He 'lowed, wuz the worst of all!

    Said "All diseases that ever _he_ had--
      The mumps, er the rhumatiz--
    Er ev'ry-other-day-aigger--bad
      As ever the blame thing is!--
    Er a cyarbuncle, say, on the back of his neck,
      Er a felon on his thumb,--
    But you keep _the blues_ away from him,
      And all o' the rest could come!"

    And he'd moan, "They's nary a leaf below!
      Ner a spear o' grass in sight!
    And the whole woodpile's clean under snow!
      And the days is dark as night!
    You can't go out--ner you can't stay in--
      Lay down--stand up--ner set!"
    And a tetch o' regular tyfoid-blues
      Would double him jest clean shet!

    I writ his parunts a postal-kyard
      He could stay tel Springtime come;
    And Aprile--_first_, as I rickollect--
      Wuz the day we shipped him home!
    Most o' his _relatives_, sence then,
      Has eether give up, er quit,
    Er jest died off; but I understand
      _He's_ the same old color yit!


    This is "The old Home by the Mill"--fer we still call it so,
    Although the _old mill_, roof and sill, is all gone long ago.
    The old home, though, and the old folks--the old spring, and a few
    Old cattails, weeds and hartychokes, is left to welcome you!

    Here, Marg'et!--fetch the man a _tin_ to drink out of! Our spring
    Keeps kindo'-sorto' cavin' in, but don't "_taste_" anything!
    She's kindo' _age_in', Marg'et is--"the _old_ process"--like me,
    All ham-stringed up with rhumatiz, and on in seventy-three.

    Jest me and Marg'et lives alone here--like in long ago;
    The childern all putt off and gone, and married, don't you know?
    One's millin' 'way out West somewhare; two other miller-boys
    In Minnyopolis they air; and one's in Illinoise.
    The _oldest_ gyrl--the first that went--married and died right here;
    The next lives in Winn's Settlement--fer purt'-nigh thirty year!
    And youngest one--was allus fer the old home here--but no!--
    Her man turns in and he packs _her_ 'way off to Idyho!

    I don't miss them like _Marg'et_ does--'cause I got _her_, you see;
    And when she pines for them--that's 'cause _she's_ only jest got _me_!
    I laugh, and joke her 'bout it all.--But talkin' sense, I'll say,
    When she was tuk so bad last Fall, I laughed then t'other way!
    I hain't so favor'ble impressed 'bout _dyin'_; but ef I
    Found I was only second-best when _us two_ come to die,
    I'd 'dopt the "new process" in full, ef _Marg'et_ died, you see,--
    I'd jest crawl in my grave and pull the green grass over me!


    Las' July--and, I persume,
      'Bout as hot
    As the old Gran'-Jury room
      Whare they sot!--
    Fight 'twixt Mike and Dock McGreff....
    'Pears to me jest like as ef
      I'd a-dremp' the whole blame thing--
        Allus ha'nts me roun' the gizzard
      When they's nightmares on the wing
          And a feller's blood's jes' friz!
        Seed the row from A to Izzard--
      'Cause I wuz a-standin' as clos't to 'em
          As me and you is!

    Tell you the way it wuz--
      And I don't _want_ to see,
    Like _some_ fellers does,
      When they's goern to be
    Any kind o' fuss--
    On'y makes a rumpus wuss
      Fer to _interfere_
        When theyr dander's riz--
      Might as lif to _cheer_!
    But I wuz a-standin' as clos't to 'em
        As me and you is!

    I wuz kindo' strayin'
      Past the blame saloon--
    Heerd some fiddler playin'
      That old "Hee-cup tune!"
    I'd _stopped_-like, you know,
    Fer a minit er so,
      And wuz jest about
    Settin' down, when--_Jeemses-whizz!_--
      Whole durn winder-sash fell out!
    And thare laid Dock McGreff, and Mike
    A-straddlin' him, all bloody-like,
      And both a-gittin' down to biz!--
    And I wuz a-standin' as clos't to 'em
        As me and you is!

    I wuz the on'y man aroun'--
    (Durn old-fogey town!
      'Peared more like, to me,
      _Sund'y_ than _Saturd'y_!)
      Dog come 'crost the road
        And tuk a smell
          And putt right back:
      Mishler driv by 'ith a load
        O' cantalo'pes he couldn't sell--
          Too mad, 'i jack!
      To even ast
      What wuz up, as he went past!
    Weather most outrageous hot!--
        Fairly hear it sizz
    Roun' Dock and Mike--tel Dock he shot,--
        And Mike he slacked that grip o' his
        And fell, all spraddled out. Dock riz
      'Bout half up, a spittin' red,
      And shuck his head....
    And I wuz a-standin' as clos't to 'em
        As me and you is!

    And Dock he says,
        "It hain't no use
        He's jest ripped my daylights loose!--
    Git that blame-don fiddler to
    Let up, and come out here--You
    Got some burryin' to do,--
      Mike makes _one_, and, I expects,
    'Bout ten seconds, I'll make _two_!"
      And he drapped back, whare he'd riz,
    'Crost Mike's body, black and blue,
      Like a great big letter X!--
    And I wuz a-standin' as clos't to 'em
        As me and you is!


    Pap had one old-fashioned sayin'
      That I'll never quite fergit--
    And they's seven growed-up childern
      Of us rickollects it yit!--
    Settin' round the dinner-table,
      Talkin' 'bout our friends, perhaps,
    Er abusin' of our neghbors,
      I kin hear them words o' Pap's--
        "Shet up, and eat yer vittels!"

    Pap he'd never argy with us,
      Ner cut any subject short
    Whilse we all kep' clear o' gossip,
      And wuz actin' as we ort:
    But ef we'd git out o' order--
      Like sometimes a fambly is,--
    Faultin' folks, er one another,
      Then we'd hear that voice o' his--
        "Shet up, and eat yer vittels!"

    Wuz no hand hisse'f at talkin'--
      _Never_ hadn't _much_ to say,--
    Only, as I said, pervidin'
      When we'd rile him thataway:
    Then he'd allus lose his temper
      Spite o' fate, and jerk his head
    And slam down his caseknife vicious'
      Whilse he glared around and said--
        "Shet up, and eat yer vittels!"

    Mind last time 'at Pap was ailin'
      With a misery in his side,
    And had hobbled in the kitchen--
      Jest the day before he died,--
    Laury Jane she ups and tells him,
      "Pap, you're pale as pale kin be--
    Hain't ye 'feard them-air cowcumbers
      Hain't good fer ye?" And says he,
        "Shet up, and eat yer vittels!"

    Well! I've saw a-many a sorrow,--
      Forty year', through thick and thin;
    I've got best,--and I've got _wors'ted_,
      Time and time and time ag'in!--
    But I've met a-many a trouble
      That I hain't run onto twice,
    Haltin'-like and thinkin' over
      Them-air words o' Pap's advice:
        "Shet up, and eat yer vittels!"


    I' b'en a-kindo' "_musin'_," as the feller says, and I'm
    About o' the conclusion that they hain't no better time,
    When you come to cipher on it, than the times we ust to know
    When we swore our first "_dog-gone-it_" sorto' solum-like and low!

    You git my idy, do you?--_Little_ tads, you understand--
    Jest a-wishin' thue and thue you that you on'y wuz a _man_.--
    Yit here I am, this minit, even sixty, to a day,
    And fergettin' all that's in it, wishin' jest the other way!

    I hain't no hand to lectur' on the times, er _dim_onstrate
    Whare the trouble is, er hector and domineer with Fate,--
    But when I git so flurried, and so pestered-like and blue,
    And so rail owdacious worried, let me tell you what I do!--

    I jest gee-haw the hosses, and onhook the swingle-tree,
    Whare the hazel-bushes tosses down theyr shadders over me;
    And I draw my plug o' navy, and I climb the fence, and set
    Jest a-thinkin' here, i gravy! tel my eyes is wringin'-wet!

    Tho' I still kin see the trouble o' the _presunt_, I kin see--
    Kindo' like my sight wuz double--all the things that _ust_ to be;
    And the flutter o' the robin and the teeter o' the wren
    Sets the willer-branches bobbin' "howdy-do" thum _Now_ to _Then_!

    The deadnin' and the thicket's jest a-bilin' full of June,
    Thum the rattle o' the cricket, to the yallar-hammer's tune;
    And the catbird in the bottom, and the sapsuck on the snag,
    Seems ef they can't--od-rot 'em!--jest do nothin' else but brag!

    They's music in the twitter of the bluebird and the jay,
    And that sassy little critter jest a-_peckin'_ all the day;
    They's music in the "flicker," and they's music in the thrush,
    And they's music in the snicker o' the chipmunk in the brush!

    They's music _all around_ me!--And I go back, in a dream
    Sweeter yit than ever found me fast asleep,--and in the stream
    That ust to split the medder whare the dandylions growed,
    I stand knee-deep, and redder than the sunset down the road.

    Then's when I' b'en a-fishin'!--And they's other fellers, too,
    With theyr hick'ry-poles a-swishin' out behind 'em; and a few
    Little "shiners" on our stringers, with theyr tails tip-toein' bloom,
    As we dance 'em in our fingers all the happy jurney home.

    I kin see us, true to Natur', thum the time we started out,
    With a biscuit and a 'tater in our little "roundabout"!--
    I kin see our lines a-tanglin', and our elbows in a jam,
    And our naked legs a-danglin' thum the apern o' the dam.

    I kin see the honeysuckle climbin' up around the mill,
    And kin hear the worter chuckle, and the wheel a-growlin' still;
    And thum the bank below it I kin steal the old canoe,
    And jest git in and row it like the miller ust to do.

    W'y, I git my fancy focussed on the past so mortul plane
    I kin even smell the locus'-blossoms bloomin' in the lane;
    And I hear the cow-bells clinkin' sweeter tunes 'n "Money-musk"
    Fer the lightnin' bugs a-blinkin' and a-dancin' in the dusk.

    And when I've kep' on "musin'," as the feller says, tel I'm
    Firm-fixed in the conclusion that they hain't no better time,
    When you come to cipher on it, than the _old_ times,--I de-clare
    I kin wake and say "dog-gone-it!" jest as soft as any prayer!



William Williams his name was--er so he said;--Bill Williams they
called him, and them 'at knowed him best called him Bill Bills.

The first I seed o' Bills was about two weeks after he got here. The
Settlement wasn't nothin' but a baby in them days, fer I mind 'at old
Ezry Sturgiss had jist got his saw and griss-mill a-goin', and Bills
had come along and claimed to know all about millin', and got a job
with him; and millers in them times was wanted worse'n congerssmen, and
I reckon got better wages; fer afore Ezry built, there wasn't a dust o'
meal er flour to be had short o' the White Water, better'n sixty mil'd
from here, the way we had to fetch it. And they used to come to Ezry's
fer their grindin' as fur as that; and one feller I knowed to come from
what used to be the old South Fork, over eighty mil'd from here, and in
the wettest, rainyest weather; and mud! _Law!_

Well, this-here Bills was a-workin' fer Ezry at the time--part the
time a-grindin', and part the time a-lookin' after the sawin', and
gittin' out timber and the like. Bills was a queer-lookin' feller,
shore! About as tall a build man as Tom Carter--but of course you don't
know nothin' o' Tom Carter. A great big hulk of a feller, Tom was; and
as fur back as Fifty-eight used to make his brags that he could cut and
putt up his seven cord a day.

Well, what give Bills this queer look, as I was a-goin' on to say, was
a great big ugly scar a-runnin' from the corner o' one eye clean down
his face and neck, and I don't know how fur down his breast--awful
lookin'; and he never shaved, and there wasn't a hair a-growin' in that
scar, and it looked like a--some kind o' pizen snake er somepin'
a-crawlin' in the grass and weeds. I never seed sich a' out-and-out
ornry-lookin' chap, and I'll never fergit the first time I set eyes on

Steve and me--Steve was my youngest brother; Steve's be'n in Californy
now fer, le' me see,--well, anyways, I rickon, over thirty year.--Steve
was a-drivin' the team at the time--I allus let Steve drive; 'peared
like Steve was made a-purpose fer hosses. The beatin'est hand with
hosses 'at ever you _did_ see and-I-know! W'y, a hoss, after he got
kindo' used to Steve a-handlin' of him, would do anything fer _him_!
And I've knowed that boy to swap fer hosses 'at couldn't hardly make a
shadder; and, afore you knowed it, Steve would have 'em a-cavortin'
around a-lookin' as peert and fat and slick!

Well, we'd come over to Ezry's fer some grindin' that day; and Steve
wanted to price some lumber fer a house, intendin' to marry that
Fall--and would a-married, I reckon, ef the girl hadn't a-died jist as
she'd got her weddin' clothes done--and that set hard on Steve fer a
while. Yit he rallied, you know, as a youngster will; but he never
married, someway--never married. Reckon he never found no other woman
he could love well enough--'less it was--well, no odds.--The Good
Bein's jedge o' what's best fer each and all.

We lived _then_ about eight mil'd from Ezry's, and it tuck about a day
to make the trip; so you kin kindo' git an idy o' how the roads was in
them days.

Well, on the way over I noticed Steve was mighty quiet-like, but I
didn't think nothin' of it, tel at last he says, says he, "Ben, I want
you to kindo' keep an eye out fer Ezry's new hand"--meanin' Bills. And
then I kindo' suspicioned somepin' o' nother was up betwixt 'em; and
shore enough there was, as I found out afore the day was over.

I knowed 'at Bills was a mean sort of a man, from what I'd heerd. His
name was all over the neighberhood afore he'd be'n here two weeks.

In the first place, he come in a suspicious sorto' way: Him and his
wife, and a little baby on'y a few months old, come through in a
kivvered wagon with a fambly a-goin' som'ers in The Illinoy; and they
stopped at the mill, fer some meal er somepin', and Bills got to
talkin' with Ezry 'bout millin', and one thing o' nother, and said he
was expeerenced some 'bout a mill hisse'f, and told Ezry ef he'd give
him work he'd stop; said his wife and baby wasn't strong enough to
stand trav'lin', and ef Ezry'd give him work he was ready to lick into
it then and there; said his woman could pay her board by sewin' and the
like, tel they got ahead a little; and then, ef he liked the
neighberhood, he said he'd as lif settle there as anywheres; he was
huntin' a home, he said, and the outlook kindo' struck him, and his
woman railly needed rest, and wasn't strong enough to go much furder.
And old Ezry kindo' tuk pity on the feller; and havin' house-room to
spare, and railly in need of a good hand at the mill, he said all
right; and so the feller stopped and the wagon druv ahead and left 'em;
and they didn't have no things ner nothin'--not even a cyarpet-satchel,
ner a stitch o' clothes, on'y what they had on their backs. And I think
it was the third er fourth day after Bills stopped 'at he whirped Tomps
Burk, the bully o' here them days, tel you wouldn't a-knowed him!

Well, I'd heerd o' this, and the facts is I'd made up my mind 'at Bills
was a bad stick, and the place wasn't none the better fer his bein'
here. But, as I was a-goin' on to say,--as Steve and me driv up to the
mill, I ketched sight o' Bills the first thing, a-lookin' out o' where
some boards was knocked off, jist over the worter-wheel; and he knowed
Steve--I could see that by his face; and he hollered somepin', too, but
what it was I couldn't jist make out, fer the noise o' the wheel; but
he looked to me as ef he'd hollered somepin' mean a-purpose so's Steve
_wouldn't_ hear it, and _he'd_ have the consolation o' knowin' 'at he'd
called Steve some ornry name 'thout givin' him a _chance_ to take it
up. Steve was allus quiet-like, but ef you raised his dander onc't--and
you could do that 'thout much trouble, callin' him names er somepin',
particular' anything 'bout his mother. Steve loved his mother--allus
loved his mother, and would fight fer her at the drap o' the hat. And
he was her favo-_rite_--allus a-talkin' o' "her boy, Steven," as she
used to call him, and so proud of him, and so keerful of him allus,
when he'd be sick or anything; nuss him like a baby, she would.

So when Bills hollered, Steve didn't pay no attention; and _I_ said
nothin', o' course, and didn't let on like I noticed him. So we druv
round to the south side and hitched; and Steve 'lowed he'd better feed;
so I left him with the hosses and went into the mill.

They was jist a-stoppin' fer dinner. Most of 'em brought ther
dinners--lived so fur away, you know. The two Smith boys lived on what
used to be the old Warrick farm, five er six mild, anyhow, from where
the mill stood. Great stout fellers, they was; and little Jake, the
father of 'em, wasn't no man at all--not much bigger'n you, I rickon.
Le' me see, now:--There was Tomps Burk, Wade Elwood, and Joe and Ben
Carter; and Wesley Morris, John Coke--wiry little cuss, he was, afore
he got his leg sawed off;--and Ezry, and--Well, I don't jist mind _all_
the boys--'s a long time ago, and I never was much of a hand fer
names.--Now, some folks'll hear a name and never fergit it, but I can't
boast of a good rickollection, 'specially o' names; and fer the last
thirty year my mem'ry's be'n a-failin' me, ever sence a spell o' fever
'at I brought on onc't--fever and rheumatiz together:--You see, I went
a-sainin' with a passel o' the boys, fool-like, and let my clothes
freeze on me a-comin' home. W'y, my breeches was like stove-pipes when
I pulled 'em off. 'Ll, ef I didn't pay fer _that_ spree! Rheumatiz got
a holt o' me and helt me there flat o' my back fer eight weeks, and
couldn't move hand er foot 'thout a-hollerin' like a' Injun. And I'd
a-be'n there yit, I rickon, ef it hadn't a-be'n fer a' old hoss-doctor,
name o' Jones; and he gits a lot o' sod and steeps it in hot whiskey
and pops it on me,--and I'll be-switched-to-death ef it didn't cuore me
up, fer all I laughed and told him I'd better take the whiskey
in'ardly and let him keep the grass fer his doctor bill. But that's
nuther here ner there!--As I was a-sayin' 'bout the mill: As I went in,
the boys had stopped work and was a-gittin' down their dinners, and
Bills amongst 'em, and old Ezry a-chattin' away--great hand, he was,
fer his joke, and allus a-cuttin' up and a-gittin' off his
odd-come-shorts on the boys. And that day he was in particular good
humor. He'd brought some liquor down fer the boys, and he'd be'n
drinkin' a little hisse'f, enough to feel it. He didn't drink
much--that is to say, he didn't git drunk adzactly; but he tuk his
dram, you understand. You see, they made their own whiskey in them
days, and it wasn't nothin' like the bilin' stuff you git now. Old Ezry
had a little still, and allus made his own whiskey, enough fer fambly
use, and jist as puore as worter, and as harmless. But now-a-days the
liquor you git's rank pizen. They say they putt tobacker in it, and
strychnine, and the Lord knows what; ner I never knowed why, 'less it
was to give it a richer-lookin' flavor, like. Well, Ezry he'd brought
up a jug, and the boys had be'n a-takin' it purty free; I seed that as
quick as I went in. And old Ezry called out to _me_ to come and take
some, the first thing. Told him I didn't b'lieve I keered about it; but
nothin' would do but I must take a drink with the boys; and I was tired
anyhow and I thought a little wouldn't hurt; so I takes a swig; and as
I set the jug down _Bills_ spoke up and says, "You're a stranger to me,
and I'm a stranger to you, but I rickon we can drink to our better
acquaintance,"--er somepin' to that amount, and poured out another
snifter in a gourd he'd be'n a-drinkin' coffee in, and handed it to me.
Well, I couldn't well refuse, of course; so I says "Here's to us," and
drunk her down--mighty nigh a half pint, I rickon. Now, I railly didn't
want it, but, as I tell you, I was obleeged to take it, and I downed
her at a swaller and never batted an eye, fer, to tell the fact about
it, I liked the taste o' liquor; and I do _yit_, on'y I know when I'
got enough. Jist then I didn't want to drink on account o' Steve. Steve
couldn't abide liquor in no shape ner form--fer medicine ner nothin',
and I've allus thought it was his mother's doin's.

Now, a few months afore this I'd be'n to Vincennes, and I was jist
a-tellin' Ezry what they was a-astin' fer their liquor there--fer I'd
fetched a couple o' gallon home with me 'at I'd paid six bits fer, and
pore liquor at that: And I was a-tellin' about it, and old Ezry was
a-sayin' what an oudacious figger that was, and how he could make money
a-sellin' it fer half that price, and was a-goin' on a-braggin' about
his liquor--and it was a good article--fer new whiskey,--and jist then
Steve comes in, jist as Bills was a-sayin' 'at a man 'at wouldn't drink
_that_ whiskey wasn't no man at all! So, of course, when they ast
_Steve_ to take some and he told 'em no, 'at he was much obleeged,
Bills was kindo' tuk down, you understand, and had to say somepin'; and
says he, "I reckon you ain't no better'n the rest of us, and _we've_
be'n a-drinkin' of it." But Steve didn't let on like he noticed Bills
at all, and retch and shuk hands with the other boys and ast how they
was all a-comin' on.

I seed Bills was riled, and more'n likely wanted trouble; and shore
enough, he went on to say, kindo snarlin'-like, 'at "he'd knowed o' men
in his day 'at had be'n licked fer refusin' to drink when their betters
ast em"; and said furder 'at "a lickin' wasn't none too good fer
anybody 'at would refuse liquor like that o' Ezry's, and in his own
house too"--er _buildin'_, ruther. Ezry shuk his head at him, but I
seed 'at Bills was bound fer a quarrel, and I winks at Steve, as much
as to say, "Don't you let him bully you; you'll find your brother here
to see you have fair play!" _I_ was a-feelin' my oats some about then,
and Steve seed I was, and looked so sorry-like, and like his mother,
'at I jist thought, "I _kin_ fight fer _you_, and _die_ fer you, 'cause
you're wuth it!"--And I didn't someway feel like it would amount to
much ef I _did_ die er git killed er somepin' on _his_ account. I seed
Steve was mighty white around the mouth, and his eyes was a-glitterin'
like a snake's; yit Bills didn't seem to take warnin', but went on to
say 'at "he'd knowed boys 'at loved their mothers so well they couldn't
drink nothin' stronger'n milk."--And then you'd ort o' seed Steve's
coat fly off, jist like it wanted to git out of his way and give the
boy room accordin' to his stren'th. I seed Bills grab a piece o'
scantlin' jist in time to ketch his arm as he struck at Steve,--for
Steve was a-comin' fer him dangerss. But they'd ketched Steve from
behind jist then; and Bills turned fer me. I seed him draw back, and I
seed Steve a-scufflin' to ketch his arm; but he didn't reach it quite
in time to do me no good. It must a-come awful suddent. The first I
rickollect was a roarin' and a buzzin' in my ears, and when I kindo'
come a little better to, and crawled up and peeked over the saw-log I
was a-layin' the other side of, I seed a couple clinched and a-rollin'
over and over and a-makin' the chips and saw-dust fly, now I _tell_
you! Bills and Steve it was--head and tail, tooth and toe-nail, and
a-bleedin' like good fellers! I seed a gash o' some kind in Bills's
head, and Steve was purty well tuckered and a-pantin' like a lizard;
and I made a rush in, and one o' the Carter boys grabbed me and told me
to jist keep cool--'at _Steve_ didn't need no he'p, and they might need
me to keep Bills's friends off ef _they_ made a rush. By this time
Steve had whirlt Bills, and was a-jist a-gittin' in a fair way to
finish him up in good style, when Wesley Morris run in--I seed him do
it--run in, and afore we could ketch him he struck Steve a deadener in
the butt o' the ear and knocked him as limber as a rag. And then Bills
whirlt Steve and got him by the th'oat, and Ben Carter and me and old
Ezry closed in.--Carter tackled Morris, and Ezry and me grabs
Bills--and as old Ezry grabbed him to pull him off, Bills kindo' give
him a side swipe o' some kind and knocked him--I don't know _how_ fur!
And jist then Carter and Morris come a-scufflin' back'ards right
amongst us, and Carter th'owed him right acrost Bills and Steve. Well,
it ain't fair, and I don't like to tell it, but I seed it was the last
chance and I tuk advantage of it:--As Wesley and Ben fell it pulled
Bills down in a kindo' twist, don't you understand, so's he couldn't
he'p hisse'f, yit still a-clinchin' Steve by the th'oat, and him black
in the face.--Well, as they fell I grabbed up a little hick'ry limb,
not bigger'n my two thumbs, and I struck Bills a little tap kindo' over
the back of his head like, and, blame me! ef he didn't keel over like a
stuck pig--and not any too soon, nuther,--fer he had Steve's chunk as
nigh putt out as you ever seed a man's, to come to agin. But he was up
th'reckly and ready to a-went at it ef Bills could a-come to the
scratch; but Mister Bills he wasn't in no fix to try it over! After
a-waitin' a while fer him to come to, and him not a-comin' to, we
concluded 'at we'd better he'p him, maybe. And we worked with him, and
warshed him, and drenched him with whiskey, but it 'peared like it
wasn't no use.--He jist laid there with his eyes about half shet, and
a-breathin' like a hoss when he's bad sceart; and I'll be dad-limbed ef
I don't believe he'd a-_died_ on our hands ef it hadn't a-happened old
Doc Zions come a-ridin' past on his way home from the Murdock
neighberhood, where they was a-havin' sich a time with the milk-sick.
And he examined Bills, and had him laid on a plank and carried down to
the house--'bout a mil'd, I reckon, from the mill. Looked kindo'
cur'ous to see Steve a-he'ppin' pack the feller, after his nearly
chokin' him to death. Oh, it was a bloody fight, I tell you! W'y, they
wasn't a man in the mill 'at didn't have a black eye er somepin'; and
old Ezry, where Bills hit him, had his nose broke, and was as bloody as
a butcher. And you'd ort a-seed the women-folks when our p'session come
a-bringin' Bills in. I never seed anybody take on like Bills's
woman.--It was distressin'; it was, indeed.--Went into hysterics, she
did; and we thought fer a while she'd gone plum crazy, fer she cried so
pitiful over him, and called him "Charley! Charley!" 'stid of his
right name, and went on, clean out of her head, tel she finally jist
fainted clean away.

Fer three weeks Bills laid betwixt life and death, and that woman set
by him night and day, and tended him as patient as a' angel--and she
_was_ a' angel, too; and he'd a-never lived to bother nobody agin ef it
hadn't a-be'n fer Annie, as he called her. Zions said there was a
'brazure of the--some kind o' p'tuber'nce, and ef he'd a-be'n struck
jist a quarter of a' inch below--jist a quarter of a' inch--he'd a be'n
a dead man. And I've sence wished--not 'at I want the life of a human
bein' to account fer--on'y,--well, no odds--I've sence wished 'at I
_had_ a-hit him jist a quarter of a' inch below!

Well, of course, them days they wasn't no law o' no account, and
nothin' was ever done about it. So Steve and me got our grindin', and
talked the matter over with Ezry and the boys. Ezry said he was a-goin'
to do all he could fer Bills, 'cause he was a good hand, and when he
wasn't drinkin' they wasn't no peaceabler man in the Settlement. I
kindo' suspicioned what was up, but I said nothin' then. And Ezry said
furder, as we was about drivin' off, that Bills was a despert feller,
and it was best to kindo' humor him a little. "And you must kindo' be
on you guard," he says, "and I'll watch him, and ef anything happens
'at I git wind of I'll let you know," he says; and so we putt out fer

Mother tuk on awful about it. You see, she thought she'd be'n the whole
blame of it, 'cause the Sunday afore that her and Steve had went to
meetin', and they got there late, and the house was crowded, and Steve
had ast Bills to give up his seat to Mother, and he wouldn't do it, and
said somepin' 'at disturbed the prayin', and the preacher prayed 'at
the feller 'at was a-makin' the disturbance might be forgive'; and that
riled Bills so he got up and left, and hung around till it broke up,
so's he could git a chance at Steve to pick a fight. And he did _try_
it, and dared Steve and double-dared him fer a fight, but Mother begged
so hard 'at she kep' him out of it. Steve said 'at he'd a-told me all
about it on the way to Ezry's on'y he'd promised Mother, you know, not
to say nothin' to me.

       *       *       *       *       *

Ezry was over at our house about six weeks after the fight, appearantly
as happy as you please. We ast him how him and Bills was a-makin' it,
and he said firstrate; said 'at Bills was jist a-doin' splendid; said
he'd got moved in his new house 'at he'd fixed up fer him, and
ever'thing was a-goin' on as smooth as could be; and Bills and the boys
was on better terms'n ever; and says he, "As fur as you and Steve's
concerned, Bills don't 'pear to bear you no ill feelin's, and says as
fur as he's concerned the thing's settled." "Well," says I, "Ezry, I
hope so; but I can't he'p but think they's somepin' at the bottom of
all this"; and says I, "I don't think it's in Bills to ever amount to
anything good"; and says I, "It's my opinion they's a dog in the well,
and now you mark it!"

Well, he said he _wasn't_ jist easy, but maybe he'd come out all right;
said he couldn't turn the feller off--he hadn't the heart to do that,
with that-air pore, dilicate woman o' his, and the baby. And then he
went on to tell what a smart sorto' woman Bills's wife was,--one of the
nicest little women he'd ever laid eyes on, said she was; said she was
the kindest thing, and the sweetest-tempered, and all--and the handiest
woman 'bout the house, and 'bout sewin', and cookin', and the like,
and all kinds o' housework; and so good to the childern, and all; and
how they all got along so well; and how proud she was of her baby, and
allus a-goin' on about it and a-cryin' over it and a-carryin' on, and
wouldn't leave it out of her sight a minute. And Ezry said 'at she
could write so purty, and made sich purty pictur's fer the childern;
and how they all liked her better'n their own mother. And, sence she'd
moved, he said it seemed so lonesome-like 'thout _her_ about the
house--like they'd lost one o' their own fambly; said they didn't git
to see her much now, on'y sometimes, when her man would be at work,
she'd run over fer a while, and kiss all the childern and women-folks
about the place,--the greatest hand fer the childern, she was; tell 'em
all sorts o' little stories, you know, and sing fer 'em; said 'at she
could sing so sweet-like, 'at time and time agin she'd break clean down
in some song o' nother, and her voice would trimble so mournful-like
'at you'd find yourse'f a-cryin' afore you knowed it. And she used to
coax Ezry's woman to let her take the childern home with her; and they
used to allus want to go, tel Bills come onc't while they was there,
and they said he got to jawin' her fer a-makin' some to-do over the
baby, and swore at her and tuk it away from her and whirped it fer
cryin', and _she_ cried and told him to whirp her and not little Annie,
and he said that was jist what he _was_ a-doin'. And the childern was
allus afeard to go there any more after that--'feard he'd come home and
whirp little Annie agin. Ezry said he jist done that to skeer 'em
away--'cause he didn't want a passel o' childern a-whoopin' and
a-howlin' and a-trackin' round the house all the time.

But, shore enough, Bills, after the fight, 'peared like he'd settled
down, and went 'bout his business so stiddy-like, and worked so well,
the neighbers begin to think he was all right after all, and railly
_some_ got to _likin'_ him. But fer _me_,--well, I was a leetle slow to
argy 'at the feller wasn't "a-possumin'." But the next time I went over
to the mill--and Steve went with me--old Ezry come and met us, and said
'at Bills didn't have no hard feelin's ef _we_ didn't and 'at he wanted
us to fergive him; said 'at Bills wanted him to tell us 'at he was
sorry the way he'd acted, and wanted us to fergive him. Well, I looked
at Ezry, and we both looked at him, jist perfectly tuk back--the idee
o' Bills a-wantin' anybody to _fergive him_! And says I, "Ezry, what in
the name o' common sense do you mean?" And says he, "I mean jist what I
say; Bills jined meetin' last night and had 'em all a-prayin' fer him;
and we all had _a glorious time_," says old Ezry; "and his woman was
there and jined, too, and prayed and shouted and tuk on to beat all;
and Bills got up and spoke and give in his experience, and said he'd
be'n a bad man, but, glory to God, them times was past and gone; said
'at he wanted all of 'em to pray fer him, and he wanted to prove
faithful, and wanted all his inemies to fergive him; and prayed 'at you
and Steve and your folks would fergive him, and ever'body 'at he ever
wronged anyway." And old Ezry was a-goin' on, and his eyes a-sparklin',
and a-rubbin' his hands, he was so excited and tickled over it, 'at
Steve and me we jist stood there a-gawkin' like, tel Bills hisse'f come
up and retch out one hand to Steve and one to me; and Steve shuk with
him kindo' oneasy-like, and I--well, sir, I never felt cur'oser in my
born days than I did that minute. The cold chills crep' over me, and I
shuk as ef I had the agur, and I folded my hands behind me and I
looked that feller square in the eye, and I tried to speak three or
four times afore I could make it, and when I did, my voice wasn't
natchurl--sounded like a feller a-whisperin' through a tin horn er
somepin'.--And I says, says I, "You're a liar," slow and delibert. That
was all. His eyes blazed a minute, and drapped; and he turned, 'thout a
word, and walked off. And Ezry says, "He's in airnest; I know he's in
airnest, er he'd a-never a-tuk that!" And so he went on, tel finally
Steve jined in, and betwixt 'em they p'suaded me 'at I was in the wrong
and the best thing to do was to make it all up, which I finally did.
And Bills said 'at he'd a-never a-felt jist right 'thout _my_
friendship, fer he'd wronged me, he said, and he'd wronged Steve and
Mother, too, and he wanted a chance, he said, o' makin' things straight

Well, a-goin' home, I don't think Steve and me talked o' nothin' else
but Bills--how airnest the feller acted 'bout it, and how, ef he
_wasn't_ in airnest, he'd a-never a-swallered that "lie," you see.
That's what walked my log, fer he could a-jist as easy a-knocked me
higher'n Kilgore's kite as he could to walk away 'thout a-doin' of it.

Mother was awful tickled when she heerd about it, fer she'd had an idee
'at we'd have trouble afore we got back, and a-gitten home safe, and
a-bringin' the news 'bout Bills a-jinin' church and all, tickled her so
'at she mighty nigh shouted fer joy. You see, Mother was a' old
church-member all her life; and I don't think she ever missed a sermont
er a prayer-meetin' 'at she could possibly git to--rain er shine, wet
er dry. When they was a meetin' of any kind a-goin' on, go she would,
and nothin' short o' sickness in the fambly, er knowin' nothin' of it,
would stop _her_! And clean up to her dyin' day she was a God-fearin'
and consistent Christian ef they ever was one. I mind now when she was
tuk with her last spell and laid bedfast fer eighteen months, she used
to tell the preacher, when he'd come to see her and pray and go on, 'at
she could die happy ef she could on'y be with 'em all agin in their
love-feasts and revivals. She was purty low then, and had be'n
a-failin' fast fer a day er two; and that day they'd be'n a-holdin'
service at the house. It was her request, you know, and the neighbers
had congergated and was a-prayin' and a-singin' her favorite hymns--one
in p'tickler, "God moves in a myster'ous way his wunders to p'form,"
and 'bout his "Walkin' on the sea and a-ridin' of the storm."--Well,
anyway, they'd be'n a-singin' that hymn fer her--she used to sing
that'n so much, I rickollect as fur back as I kin remember; and I mind
how it used to make me feel so lonesome-like and solemn, don't you
know,--when I'd be a-knockin' round the place along o' evenings, and
she'd be a-milkin', and I'd hear her, at my feedin', way off by myse'f,
and it allus somehow made me feel like a feller'd ort 'o try and live
as nigh right as the law allows, and that's about my doctern yit. Well,
as I was a-goin' on to say, they'd jist finished that old hymn, and
Granny Lowry was jist a-goin' to lead in prayer, when I noticed Mother
kindo' tried to turn herse'f in bed, and smiled so weak and faint-like,
and looked at me, with her lips a-kindo' movin'; and I thought maybe
she wanted another dos't of her syrup 'at Ezry's woman had fixed up fer
her, and I kindo' stooped down over her and ast her ef she wanted
anything. "Yes," she says, and nodded, and her voice sounded so low and
solemn and so fur-away-like 'at I knowed she'd never take no more
medicine on this airth. And I tried to ast her what it was she wanted,
but I couldn't say nothin'; my throat hurt me, and I felt the warm
tears a-boolgin' up, and her kind old face a-glimmerin' away so
pale-like afore my eyes, and still a-smilin' up so lovin' and forgivin'
and so good 'at it made me think so fur back in the past I seemed to be
a little boy agin; and seemed like her thin gray hair was brown and
a-shinin' in the sun as it used to do when she helt me on her shoulder
in the open door, when Father was a-livin' and we used to go to meet
him at the bars; seemed like her face was young agin, and a-smilin'
like it allus used to be, and her eyes as full o' hope and happiness as
afore they ever looked on grief er ever shed a tear. And I thought of
all the trouble they had saw on my account, and of all the lovin' words
her lips had said, and of all the thousand things her pore old hands
had done fer me 'at I never even thanked her fer; and how I loved her
better'n all the world besides, and would be so lonesome ef she went
away.--Lord! I can't tell you what I _didn't_ think and feel and see.
And I knelt down by her, and she whispered then fer Steven, and he
come, and we kissed her--and she died--a-smilin' like a child--jist
like a child.

Well--well! 'Pears like I'm allus a-runnin' into somepin' else. I wisht
I _could_ tell a story 'thout driftin' off in matters 'at hain't no
livin' thing to do with what I started out with. I try to keep from
thinkin' of afflictions and the like, 'cause sich is bound to come to
the best of us; but a feller's rickollection will bring 'em up, and I
reckon it'd ort'o be er it wouldn't be; and I've thought, sometimes, it
was done maybe to kindo' admonish a feller, as the Good Book says, of
how good a world'd be 'thout no sorrow in it.

Where was I? Oh, yes, I rickollect;--about Bills a-jinin' church. Well,
sir, they wasn't a better-actin' feller and more religious-like in all
the neighberhood. Spoke in meetin's, he did, and tuk a' active part in
all religious doin's, and, in fact, was jist as square a man,
appearantly, as the preacher hisse'f. And about six er eight weeks
after he'd jined, they got up another revival, and things run high.
They was a big excitement, and ever'body was a'tendin' from fur and
near. Bills and Ezry got the mill-hands to go, and didn't talk o'
nothin' _but_ religion. People thought awhile 'at old Ezry'd turn
preacher, he got so interested 'bout church matters. He was easy
excited 'bout anything; and when he went into a thing it was in dead
airnest, shore!--"jist flew off the handle," as I heerd a comical
feller git off onc't. And him and Bills was up and at it ever'
night--prayin' and shoutin' at the top o' their voice. Them railly did
seem like good times--when ever'body jined together, and prayed and
shouted hosanner, and danced around together, and hugged each other
like they was so full o' glory they jist couldn't he'p
theirse'v's!--That's the reason _I_ jined; it looked so kindo'
whole-souled-like and good, you understand. But law! I didn't hold
out--on'y fer a little while, and no wunder!

Well, about them times Bills was tuk down with the agur; first got to
chillin' ever'-other-day, then _ever'_ day, and harder and harder, tel
sometimes he'd be obleeged to stay away from meetin' on account of it.
And onc't I was at meetin' when he told about it, and how when he
couldn't be with 'em he allus prayed at home, and he said 'at he
believed his prayers was answered, fer onc't he'd prayed fer a new
outpourin' of the Holy Sperit, and that very night they was three new
jiners. And another time he said 'at he'd prayed 'at Wesley Morris
would jine, and lo and behold you! he _did_ jine, and the very night
'at he _prayed_ he would.

Well, the night I'm a-speakin' of he'd had a chill the day afore and
couldn't go that night, and was in bed when Ezry druv past fer him;
said he'd like to go, but had a high fever and couldn't. And then
Ezry's woman ast him ef he was too sick to spare Annie; and he said no,
they could take her and the baby: and told her to fix his medicine so's
he could reach it 'thout gittin' out o' bed, and he'd git along 'thout
her. And so she tuk the baby and went along with Ezry and his folks.

I was at meetin' that night and rickollect 'em comin' in. Annie got a
seat jist behind me--Steve give her his'n and stood up; and I
rickollect a-astin' her how Bills was a-gittin' along with the agur;
and little Annie, the baby, kep' a-pullin' my hair and a-crowin' tel
finally she went to sleep; and Steve ast her mother to let _him_ hold
her--cutest little thing you ever laid eyes on, and the very pictur'
_of_ her mother.

Old Daddy Barker preached that night, and a mighty good sermont. His
text, ef I rickollect right, was "workin' out your own salvation"; and
when I listen to preachers nowadays in their big churches and their
fine pulpits, I allus think o' Daddy Barker, and kindo' some way wisht
the old times could come agin, with the old log meetin'-house with its
puncheon-floor, and the chinkin' in the walls, and old Daddy Barker in
the pulpit. He'd make you feel 'at the Lord could make Hisse'f at home
there, and find jist as abundant comfort in the old log house as He
could in any of your fine-furnished churches 'at you can't set down in
'thout payin' fer the privilege, like it was a theatre.

Ezry had his two little girls jine that night, and I rickollect the
preacher made sich a purty prayer about the Saviour a-cotin' from the
Bible 'bout "Suffer little childern to come unto Me"--and all; and
talked so purty 'bout the jedgment day, and mothers a-meetin' their
little ones there--and all; and went on tel they wasn't a dry eye in
the house--And jist as he was a-windin' up, Abe Riggers stuck his head
in at the door and hollered "Fire!" loud as he could yell. We all
rushed out, a-thinkin' it was the meetin'-house; but he hollered it was
the mill; and shore enough, away off to the south'ards we could see
the light acrost the woods, and see the blaze a-lickin' up above the
trees. I seed old Ezry as he come a-scufflin' through the crowd; and we
putt out together fer it. Well, it was two mil'd to the mill, but by
the time we'd half-way got there, we could tell it wasn't the mill
a-burnin', 'at the fire was furder to the left, and that was Ezry's
house; and by the time we got there it wasn't much use. We pitched into
the household goods, and got out the beddin', and the furnitur' and
cheers, and the like o' that; saved the clock and a bedstid, and got
the bureau purt' nigh out when they hollered to us 'at the roof was
a-cavin' in, and we had to leave it; well, we'd tuk the drawers out,
all but the big one, and that was locked; and it and all in it went
with the buildin'; and that was a big loss: All the money 'at Ezry was
a-layin' by was in that-air drawer, and a lot o' keepsakes and trinkets
'at Ezry's woman said she wouldn't a-parted with fer the world and all.

I never seed a troubleder fambly than they was. It jist 'peared like
old Ezry give clean down, and the women and childern a-cryin' and
a-takin' on. It looked jist awful--shore's you're born!--Losin'
ever'thing they'd worked so hard fer--and there it was, purt' nigh
midnight, and a fambly, jist a little while ago all so happy, and now
with no home to go to, ner nothin'!

It was arranged fer Ezry's to move in with Bills--that was about the
on'y chance--on'y one room and a loft; but Bills said they could manage
_some_ way, fer a while anyhow.

Bills said he seed the fire when it first started, and could a-putt it
out ef he'd on'y be'n strong enough to git there; said he started
twic't to go, but was too weak and had to go back to bed agin; said it
was a-blazin' in the kitchen roof when he first seed it. So the gineral
conclusion 'at we all come to was--it must a-ketched from the flue.

       *       *       *       *       *

It was too late in the fall then to think o' buildin' even the onriest
kind o' shanty, and so Ezry moved in with Bills. And Bills used to say
ef it hadn't a-be'n fer Ezry _he'd_ a-never a-had no house, ner nothin'
to putt in it, nuther! You see, all the household goods 'at Bills had
in the world he'd got of Ezry, and he 'lowed he'd be a triflin' whelp
ef he didn't do all in _his_ power to make _Ezry_ perfeckly at home's
long as he wanted to stay there. And together they managed to make room
fer 'em all, by a-buildin' a kindo' shed-like to the main house,
intendin' to build when Spring come. And ever'thing went along
first-rate, I guess; never heerd no complaints--that is, p'tickler.

Ezry was kindo' down fer a long time, though; didn't like to talk about
his trouble much, and didn't 'tend meetin' much, like he used to; said
it made him think 'bout his house burnin', and he didn't feel safe to
lose sight o' the mill. And the meetin's kindo' broke up altogether
that winter. Almost broke up religious doin's, it did. 'S long as I've
lived here I never seed jist sich a slack in religion as they was that
winter; and 'fore _then_, I kin mind the time when they wasn't a night
the whole endurin' winter when they didn't have preachin' er
prayer-meetin' o' some kind a-goin' on. W'y, I rickollect one night in
p'tickler--the _coldest_ night, _whooh_! And somebody had stold the
meetin'-house door, and they was obleeged to preach 'thout it. And the
wind blowed in so they had to hold their hats afore the candles, and
then onc't-in-a-while they'd git sluffed out. And the snow drifted in
so it was jist like settin' out doors; and they had to stand up when
they prayed--yes-sir! stood up to pray. I noticed that night they was
a' oncommon lot o' jiners, and I believe to this day 'at most of 'em
jined jist to git up where the stove was. Lots o' folks had their feet
froze right in meetin'; and Steve come home with his ears froze like
they was whittled out o' bone; and he said 'at Mary Madaline Wells's
feet was froze, and she had two pair o' socks on over her shoes. Oh, it
_was_ cold, now I _tell_ you!

They run the mill part o' that winter--part they couldn't. And they
didn't work to say stiddy tel along in Aprile, and then they was snow
on the ground yit--in the shadders--and the ground froze, so you
couldn't hardly dig a grave. But at last they got to kindo' jiggin'
along agin. Plenty to do there was; and old Ezry was mighty tickled,
too; 'peared to recruit right up like. Ezry was allus best tickled when
things was a-stirrin', and then he was a-gittin' ready fer buildin',
you know,--wanted a house of his own, he said.--And of course it
wasn't adzackly like home, all cluttered up as they was there at
Bills's. They got along mighty well, though, together; and the
women-folks and childern got along the best in the world. Ezry's woman
used to say she never laid eyes on jist sich another woman as Annie
was. Said it was jist as good as a winter's schoolin' fer the childern;
said her two little girls had learnt to read, and didn't know their a-b
abs afore Annie learnt 'em; well, the oldest one, Mary Patience, she
_did_ know her _letters_, I guess--fourteen year old, she was; but
Mandy, the youngest, had never seed inside a book afore that winter;
and the way she learnt was jist su'prisin'. She was puny-like and
frail-lookin' allus, but ever'body 'lowed she was a heap smarter'n Mary
Patience, and she _was_; and in my opinion she railly had more sense'n
all the rest o' the childern putt together, 'bout books and cipherin'
and 'rethmetic, and the like; and John Wesley, the oldest of 'em, he
got to teachin' at last, when he growed up,--but, law! he couldn't
write his own name so's you could read it. I allus thought they was a
good 'eal of old Ezry in John Wesley. Liked to romance 'round with the
youngsters 'most too well.--Spiled him fer teachin', I allus thought;
fer instance, ef a scholard said somepin' funny in school, John-Wes
he'd jist have to have his laugh out with the rest, and it was jist fun
fer the boys, you know, to go to school to _him_. Allus in fer
spellin'-matches and the like, and learnin' songs and sich. I
rickollect he give a' exhibition onc't, one winter, and I'll never
fergit it, I rickon.

The school-house would on'y hold 'bout forty, comf'table, and that
night they was up'ards of a hunderd er more--jist crammed and jammed!
And the benches was piled back so's to make room fer the flatform
they'd built to make their speeches and dialogues on; and fellers
a-settin' up on them back seats, their heads was clean aginst the
j'ist. It was a low ceilin', anyhow, and o' course them 'at tuk a part
in the doin's was way up, too. Janey Thompson had to give up her part
in a dialogue, 'cause she looked so tall she was afeard the
congergation would laugh at her; and they couldn't git her to come out
and sing in the openin' song 'thout lettin' her set down first and git
ready 'fore they pulled the curtain. You see, they had sheets sewed
together, and fixed on a string some way, to slide back'ards and
for'ards, don't you know. But they was a big bother to 'em--couldn't
git 'em to work like. Ever' time they'd git 'em slid 'bout half-way
acrost, somepin' would ketch, and they'd haf to stop and fool with 'em
awhile 'fore they could git 'em the balance o' the way acrost. Well,
finally, to'rds the last, they jist kep' 'em drawed back all the time.
It was a pore affair, and spiled purt' nigh ever' piece; but the
scholards all wanted it fixed thataway, the teacher said, in a few
appropert remarks he made when the thing was over. Well, I was
a-settin' in the back part o' the house on them high benches, and my
head was jist even with them on the flatform, and the lights was pore,
and where the string was stretched fer the curtain to slide on it
looked like the p'formers was strung on it. And when Lige Boyer's boy
was a-speakin'--kindo' mumbled it, you know, and you couldn't half
hear--it looked fer the world like he was a-chawin' on that-air string;
and some devilish feller 'lowed ef he'd chaw it clean in two it'd be a
good thing fer the balance. After that they all sung a sleigh-ridin'
song, and it was right purty, the way they got it off. Had a passel o'
sleigh-bells they'd ring ever' onc't-in-a-while, and it sounded

Then Hunicut's girl, Marindy, read a letter 'bout winter, and what fun
the youngsters allus had in winter-time, a-sleighin' and the like, and
spellin'-matches, and huskin'-bees, and all. Purty good, it was, and
made a feller think o' old times. Well, that was about the best thing
they was done that night; but everybody said the teacher wrote it fer
her; and I wouldn't be su'prised much, fer they was married not long
afterwards. I expect he wrote it fer her.--Wouldn't putt it past Wes!

They had a dialogue, too, 'at was purty good. Little Bob Arnold was all
fixed up--had on his pap's old bell-crowned hat, the one he was married
in. Well, I jist thought die I would when I seed that old hat and
called to mind the night his pap was married, and we all got him a
little how-come-you-so on some left-handed cider 'at' had be'n a-layin'
in a whiskey-bar'l tel it was strong enough to bear up a' egg. I kin
rickollect now jist how he looked in that hat, when it was all new, you
know, and a-settin' on the back of his head, and his hair in his eyes;
and sich hair!--as red as git-out--and his little black eyes a-shinin'
like beads. Well-sir, you'd a-died to a-seed him a-dancin'. We danced
all night that night, and would a-be'n a-dancin' yit, I rickon, ef the
fiddler hadn't a-give out. Wash Lowry was a-fiddlin' fer us; and along
to'rds three er four in the morning Wash was purty well fagged out. You
see, Wash could never play fer a dance er nothin' 'thout a-drinkin'
more or less, and when he got to a certain pitch you couldn't git
nothin' out o' him but "Barbary Allan"; so at last he struck up on
that, and jist kep' it up, and _kep'_ it up, and nobody couldn't git
nothin' else out of him!

Now, anybody 'at ever danced knows 'at "Barbary Allan" hain't no tune
to dance by, _no_ way you can fix it; and, o' course, the boys seed at
onc't their fun was gone ef they couldn't git him on another tune.--And
they'd coax and beg and plead with him, and maybe git him started on
"The Wind Blows over the Barley," and 'bout the time they'd git to
knockin' it down agin purty lively, he'd go to sawin' away on "Barbary
Allan"--and I'll-be-switched-to-death ef that feller didn't set there
and play hisse'f sound asleep on "Barbary Allan," and we had to wake
him up afore he'd quit! Now, that's jes' the plum facts. And they
wasn't a better fiddler nowheres than Wash Lowry, when he was at
hisse'f. I've heerd a good many fiddlers in my day, and I never heerd
one yit 'at could play my style o' fiddlin' ekal to Wash Lowry. You
see, Wash didn't play none o' this-here new-fangled music--nothin' but
the old tunes, you understand, "The Forkéd Deer," and "Old Fat Gal,"
and "Gray Eagle," and the like. Now, them's music! Used to like to hear
Wash play "Gray Eagle." He could come as nigh a-makin' that old tune
talk as ever you heerd! Used to think a heap o' his fiddle--and he had
a good one, shore. I've heerd him say, time and time agin, 'at a
five-dollar gold-piece wouldn't buy it, and I knowed him myse'f to
refuse a calf fer it onc't--yes-sir, a yearland calf--and the feller
offered him a double-bar'l'd pistol to boot, and blame ef he'd take it;
said he'd ruther part with anything else he owned than his fiddle.--But
here I am, clean out o' the furry agin!... Oh, yes; I was a-tellin'
'bout little Bob, with that old hat; and he had on a swaller-tail coat
and a lot o' fixin's, a-actin' like he was a squire; and he had him a
great long beard made out o' corn-silks, and you wouldn't a-knowed him
ef it wasn't fer his voice. Well, he was a-p'tendin' he was a squire
a-tryin' some kind o' law-suit, you see; and John Wesley he was the
defendunt, and Joney Wiles, I believe it was, played like he was the
plaintive. And they'd had a fallin' out 'bout some land, and was
a-lawin' fer p'session, you understand. Well, Bob he made out it was a
mighty bad case when _John-Wes_ comes to consult him 'bout it, and
tells _him_ ef a little p'int o' law was left out he thought he could
git the land fer him. And then John-Wes _bribes_ him, you understand,
to leave out the p'int o' law, and the squire says he'll do all he kin,
and so John-Wes goes out a-feelin' purty good. Then _Wiles_ comes in to
consult the squire, don't you see. And the 'squire tells _him_ the same
tale he told _John Wesley_. So _Wiles_ bribes him to leave out the
p'int o' law in _his_ favor, don't you know. So when the case is tried
he decides in favor o' John-Wes, a-tellin' _Wiles_ some cock-and-bull
story 'bout havin' to manage it thataway so's to git the case mixed
so's he could git it fer him shore; and posts _him_ to sue fer change
of venue or somepin',--anyway, Wiles gits a new trial, and then the
squire decides in _his_ favor, and tells John-Wes another trial will
fix it in _his_ favor, and so on.--And so it goes on tel, anyway, he
gits holt o' the land hisse'f and all their money besides, and leaves
them to hold the bag! Well-sir, it was purty well got up; and they said
it was John-Wes's doin's, and I 'low it was--he was a good hand at
anything o' that sort, and knowed how to make fun.--But I've be'n
a-tellin' you purty much ever'thing but what I started out with, and
I'll try and hurry through, 'cause I know you're tired.

'Long 'bout the beginnin' o' summer, things had got back to purty much
the old way. The boys round was a-gittin' devilish, and o' nights
'specially theyr was a sight o' meanness a-goin' on. The mill-hands,
most of 'em, was mixed up in it--Coke and Morris, and them 'at had
jined meetin' 'long in the winter had all backslid, and was a-drinkin'
and carousin' round worse'n ever.

People perdicted 'at _Bills_ would backslide, but he helt on faithful,
to all appearance; said he liked to see a feller when he made up his
mind to do right, he liked to see him do it, and not go back on his
word; and even went so fer as to tell Ezry ef they didn't putt a stop
to it he'd quit the neighberhood and go somers else. And Bills was
Ezry's head man then, and he couldn't a-got along 'thout him; and I
b'lieve ef Bills had a-said the word old Ezry would a-turned off ever'
hand he had.--He got so he jist left ever'thing to Bills. Ben Carter
was turned off fer somepin', and nobody ever knowed what. Bills and him
had never got along jist right sence the fight.

Ben was with this set I was a-tellin' you 'bout, and they'd got him to
drinkin' and in trouble, o' course. I'd knowed Ben well enough to know
he wouldn't do nothin' ornry ef he wasn't agged on, and ef he ever was
mixed up in anything o' the kind Wes Morris and John Coke was at the
bottom of it, and I take notice _they_ wasn't turned off when Ben was.

One night the crowd was out, and Ben amongst 'em, o' course.--Sence
he'd be'n turned off he'd be'n a-drinkin',--and I never blamed him
much; he was so good-hearted like and easy led off, and I allus
b'lieved it wasn't his own doin's.

Well, this night they cut up awful, and ef they was one fight they was
a dozend; and when all the devilment was done they _could_ do, they
started on a stealin' expedition, and stold a lot o' chickens and tuk
'em to the mill to roast 'em; and, to make a long story short, that
night the mill burnt clean to the ground. And the whole pack of 'em
collogued together aginst Carter to saddle it onto him; claimed 'at
they left Ben there at the mill 'bout twelve o'clock--which was a fact,
fer he was dead drunk and couldn't git away. Steve stumbled over him
while the mill was a-burnin' and drug him out afore he knowed what was
a-goin' on, and it was all plain enough to Steve 'at Ben didn't have no
hand in the firin' of it. But I'll tell you he sobered up mighty
suddent when he seed what was a-goin' on, and heerd the neighbers
a-hollerin', and a-threatenin' and a-goin' on!--fer it seemed to be the
ginerl idee 'at the buildin' was fired a-purpose. And says Ben to
Steve, says he, "I expect I'll haf to say good-bye to you, fer they've
got me in a ticklish place! I kin see through it all now, when it's too
late!" And jist then Wesley Morris hollers out, "Where's Ben Carter?"
and started to'rds where me and Ben and Steve was a-standin'; and Ben
says, wild-like, "Don't you two fellers ever think it was _my_ doin's,"
and whispers "Good-bye," and started off; and when we turned, Wesley
Morris was a-layin' flat of his back, and we heerd Carter yell to the
crowd 'at "that man"--meanin' Morris--"needed lookin' after worse than
_he_ did," and another minute he plunged into the river and swum
acrost; and we all stood and watched him in the flickerin' light tel he
clum out on t'other bank; and 'at was the last anybody ever seed o' Ben

It must a-be'n about three o'clock in the morning by this time, and the
mill then was jist a-smoulderin' to ashes--fer it was as dry as tinder
and burnt like a flash--and jist as a party was a-talkin' o' organizin'
and follerin' Carter, we heerd a yell 'at I'll never fergit ef I'd live
tell another flood. Old Ezry, it was, as white as a corpse, and with
the blood a-streamin' out of a gash in his forred, and his clothes half
on, come a-rushin' into the crowd and a-hollerin' fire and murder ever'
jump. "My house is a-burnin', and my folks is all a-bein' murdered
whilse you're a-standin' here! And Bills done it! Bills done it!" he
hollered, as he headed the crowd and started back fer home. "Bills done
it! I caught him at it; and he would a-murdered me in cold blood ef it
hadn't a-be'n fer his woman. He knocked me down, and had me tied to a
bed-post in the kitchen afore I come to. And his woman cut me loose and
told me to run fer he'p; and says I, 'Where's Bills?' and she says,
'He's after _me_ by this time.' And jist then we heerd Bills holler,
and we looked, and he was a-standin' out in the clearin' in front o'
the house, with little Annie in his arms; and he hollered wouldn't she
like to kiss the baby good-bye. And she hollered My God! fer me to save
little Annie, and fainted clean dead away. And I heerd the roof
a-crackin', and grabbed her up and packed her out jist in time. And
when I looked up, Bills hollered out agin, and says, 'Ezry,' he says,
'you kin begin to kindo' git an idee o' what a good feller I am! And ef
you hadn't a-caught me you'd a-never a-knowed it, and "_Brother
Williams_" wouldn't a-be'n called away to another app'intment like he
is.' And says he, 'Now, ef you foller me I'll finish you shore!--You're
safe _now_ fer I hain't got time to waste on you furder.' And jist then
his woman kindo' come to her senses ag'in and hollered fer little
Annie, and the child heerd her and helt out its little arms to go to
her, and hollered 'Mother! Mother!' And Bills says, 'Dam yer mother! ef
it hadn't a-be'n fer _her_ I' a-be'n all right. And dam you, too!' he
says to me.--'This'll pay you fer that lick you struck me; and fer you
a-startin' reports, when I first come, 'at more'n likely I'd done
somepin' mean over East and come out West to reform! And I wonder ef I
_didn't_ do somepin' mean afore I come here?' he went on; 'kill
somebody er somepin'? And I wonder ef I ain't reformed enough to go
back? Good-bye, Annie!' he hollered; 'and you needn't fret about yer
baby, I'll be the same indulgent father to it I've allus be'n!' And the
baby was a-cryin' and a-reachin' out its little arms to'rds its mother,
when Bills he turned and struck off in the dark to'rds the river."

This was about the tale 'at Ezry told us, as nigh as I can rickollect:
and by the time he finished, I never want to see jist sich another
crowd o' men as was a-swarmin' there. Ain't it awful when sich a crowd
gits together? I tell you it makes my flesh creep to think about it!

As Bills had gone in the direction of the river, we wasn't long in
makin' our minds up 'at he'd haf to cross it, and ef he done _that_
he'd haf to use the boat 'at was down below the mill, er wade it at the
ford, a mil'd er more down. So we divided in three sections, like--one
to go and look after the folks at the house, and another to the boat,
and another to the ford. And Steve and me and Ezry was in the crowd 'at
struck fer the boat: and we made time a-gittin' there! It was awful
dark, and the sky was a-cloudin' up, like a storm; but we wasn't long
a-gittin' to the p'int where the boat was allus tied; but they wasn't
no boat there! Steve kindo' tuk the lead, and we all talked in
whispers. And Steve said to kindo' lay low and maybe we could hear
somepin'; and some feller said he thought he heerd somepin'
strange-like, but the wind was kindo' raisin' and kep' up sich a
moanin' through the trees along the bank 'at we couldn't make out
nothin'. "Listen!" says Steve, suddent-like, "_I_ hear somepin'!" We
was all still ag'in--and we all heerd a moanin' 'at was sadder'n the
wind--sounded mournfuller to _me_,--'cause I knowed it in a minute, and
I whispered, "Little Annie." And 'way out acrost the river we could
hear the little thing a-sobbin', and we all was still's death; and we
heerd a voice we knowed was Bills's say, "Dam ye! Keep still, or I'll
drownd ye!" And the wind kindo' moaned ag'in, and we could hear the
trees a-screetchin' together in the dark, and the leaves a-rustlin';
and when it kindo' lulled ag'in, we heerd Bills make a kindo' splash
with the oars; and jist then Steve whispered fer to lay low and be
ready--he was a-goin' to riconn'itre; and he took his coat and shoes
off, and slid over the bank and down into the worter as slik as a' eel.
Then ever'thing was still ag'in, 'cept the moanin' o' the child, which
kep' a-gittin' louder and louder; and then a voice whispered to us,
"He's a-comin' back; the crowd below has sent scouts up, and they're on
t'other side. Now watch clos't, and he's our meat." We could hear
Bills, by the moanin' o' the baby, a-comin' nearder and nearder, tel
suddently he made a sorto' miss-lick with the oar, I reckon, and must
a-splashed the baby, fer she set up a loud cryin'; and jist then old
Ezry, who was a-leanin' over the bank, kindo' lost his grip, some way
o' nother, and fell kersplash in the worter like a' old chunk. "Hello?"
says Bills, through the dark, "you're there, too, air ye?" as old Ezry
splashed up the bank ag'in. And "Cuss you!" he says then, to the
baby--"ef it hadn't be'n fer _your_ infernal squawkin' I'd a-be'n all
right; but you've brought the whole neighberhood out, and, dam you,
I'll jist let you swim out to 'em!" And we heerd a splash, then a kindo
gurglin', and then Steve's voice a-hollerin', "Close in on him, boys;
I've got the baby!" And about a dozent of us bobbed off the bank like
so many bull-frogs, and I'll tell you the worter b'iled! We could jist
make out the shape o' the boat, and Bills a-standin' with a' oar drawed
back to smash the first head 'at come in range. It was a mean place to
git at him. We knowed he was despert, and fer a minute we kindo' helt
back. Fifteen foot o' worter's a mighty onhandy place to git hit over
the head in! And Bills says, "You hain't afeard, I rickon--twenty men
ag'in one!" "You'd better give yourse'f up!" hollered Ezry from the
shore. "No, Brother Sturgiss," says Bills, "I can't say 'at I'm at all
anxious 'bout bein' borned ag'in, jist yit awhile," he says; "I see you
kindo' 'pear to go in fer baptism; guess you'd better go home and git
some dry clothes on; and, speakin' o' home, you'd ort 'o be there by
all means--your house might catch afire and burn up whilse you're
gone!" And jist then the boat give a suddent shove under him--some
feller'd div under and tilted it--and fer a minute it throwed him off
his guard, and the boys closed in. Still he had the advantage, bein' in
the boat: and as fast as a feller would climb in he'd git a whack o'
the oar, tell finally they got to pilin' in a little too fast fer him
to manage, and he hollered then at we'd have to come to the bottom ef
we got him, and with that he div out o' the end o' the boat, and we
lost sight of him; and I'll be blame ef he didn't give us the slip
after all!

Wellsir, we watched fer him, and some o' the boys swum on down stream,
expectin' he'd raise, but couldn't find hide ner hair of him; so we
left the boat a-driftin' off down stream and swum ashore, a-thinkin'
he'd jist drownded hisse'f a-purpose. But they was more su'prise
waitin' fer us yit,--fer lo-and-behold-ye, when we got ashore they
wasn't no trace o' Steve er the baby to be found. Ezry said he seed
Steve when he fetched little Annie ashore, and she was all right, on'y
she was purt-nigh past cryin'; and he said Steve had lapped his coat
around her and give her to him to take charge of, and he got so excited
over the fight he laid her down betwixt a couple o' logs and kindo'
fergot about her tel the thing was over, and he went to look fer her,
and she was gone. Couldn't a-be'n 'at she'd a-wundered off
her-own-se'f; and it couldn't a-be'n 'at _Steve_'d take her, 'thout
a-lettin' us know it. It was a mighty aggervatin' conclusion to come
to, but we had to do it, and that was, _Bills_ must a-got ashore
unbeknownst to us and packed her off. Sich a thing wasn't hardly
probable, yit it was a thing 'at _might_ be; and after a-talkin' it
over we had to admit 'at _that_ must a-be'n the way of it. But where
was _Steve_? W'y, we argied, he'd diskivvered she was gone, and had
putt out on track of her 'thout losin' time to stop and explain the
thing. The next question was, what did Bills want with her ag'in?--He'd
tried to drownd her onc't. We could ast questions enough, but c'rect
answers was mighty skearce, and we jist concluded 'at the best thing to
do was to putt out fer the ford, fer that was the nighdest place Bills
could cross 'thout a boat, and ef it _was_ him tuk the child, he was
still on our side o' the river, o' course. So we struck out fer the
ford, a-leavin' a couple o' men to search _up_ the river. A drizzlin'
sorto' rain had set in by this time, and with that and the darkness and
the moanin' of the wind, it made 'bout as lonesome a prospect as a
feller ever wants to go through ag'in.

It was jist a-gittin' a little gray-like in the morning by the time we
reached the ford, but you couldn't hardly see two rods afore you fer
the mist and the fog 'at had settled along the river. We looked fer
tracks, but couldn't make out nothin'. Thereckly old Ezry punched me
and p'inted out acrost the river. "What's that?" he whispers. Jist
'bout half-way acrost was somepin' white-like in the worter--couldn't
make out what--perfeckly still it was. And I whispered back and told
him I guess it wasn't nothin' but a sycamore snag. "Listen!" says he;
"sycamore snags don't make no noise like that!" And, shore enough, it
was the same moanin' noise we'd heerd the baby makin' when we first got
on the track. Sobbin' she was, as though nigh about dead. "Well, ef
that's _Bills_," says I--"and I reckon they hain't no doubt but it
is--what in the name o' all that's good and bad's the feller a-standin'
there fer!" And a-creepin' clos'ter, we could make him out plainer and
plainer. It _was_ him; and there he stood breast-high in the worter,
a-holdin' the baby on his shoulder like, and a-lookin' up stream, and

"What do you make out of it?" says Ezry. "What's he waitin' fer?"

And, a-strainin' my eyes in the direction _he_ was a-lookin', I seed
somepin' a-movin' down the river, and a minute later I'd made out the
old boat a-driftin' down stream; and then of course ever'thing was
plain enough: He was waitin' fer the boat, and ef he got _that_ he'd
have the same advantage on us he had afore.

"Boys," says I, "he mustn't git that boat ag'in! Foller me, and don't
let him git to the shore alive!" And in we plunged. He seed us, but he
never budged, on'y to grab the baby by its little legs, and swing it
out at arms-len'th. "Stop, there!" he hollered.--"Stop jist where ye
air! Move another inch and I'll drownd this dam young-un afore yer
eyes!" he says.--And he'd a-done it. "Boys," says I, "he's got us.
Don't move! This thing'll have to rest with a higher power'n our'n! Ef
any of you kin _pray_," says I, "now's a good time to do it!"

Jist then the boat swung up, and Bills grabbed it and retch 'round and
set the baby in it, never a-takin' his eye off o' us, though, fer a
minute. "Now," says he, with a sorto' snarlin' laugh, "I've on'y got a
little while to stay with you, and I want to say a few words afore I
go. I want to tell you fellers, in the first place, 'at you've be'n
_fooled_ in me: I _hain't_ a good feller--now, honest! And ef you're a
little the worse fer findin' it out so late in the day, you hain't none
the worse fer losin' me so soon--fer I'm a-goin' away now, and any
interference with my arrangements'll on'y give you more trouble; so
it's better all around to let me go peaceable and jist while I'm in the
notion. I expect it'll be a disapp'intment to some o' you that my name
hain't 'Williams,' but it hain't. And maybe you won't think nigh as
much o' me when I tell you furder 'at I was obleeged to 'dopt the name
o' 'Williams' onc't to keep from bein' strung up to a lamp-post, but
sich is the facts. I was so extremely unfortunit onc't as to kill a
p'tickler friend o' mine, and he forgive me with his dyin' breath, and
told me to run whilse I could, and be a better man. But he'd spotted me
with a' ugly mark 'at made it kindo' onhandy _to_ git away, but I did
at last; and jist as I was a-gittin' reformed-like, you fellers had to
kick in the traces, and I've made up my mind to hunt out a more moraler
community, where they don't make sich a fuss about trifles. And havin'
nothin' more to say, on'y to send _Annie_ word 'at I'll still be a
father to her young-un here, I'll bid you all good-bye." And with that
he turned and clum in the boat--or ruther _fell_ in,--fer somepin'
black-like had riz up in it, with a' awful lick--my--God!--And, a
minute later, boat and baggage was a-gratin' on the shore, and a crowd
come thrashin' 'crost from t'other side to jine us,--and 'peared like
wasn't a _second_ longer tel a feller was a-swingin' by his neck to the
limb of a scrub-oak, his feet clean off the ground and his legs
a-jerkin' up and down like a limber-jack's.

And Steve it was a-layin' in the boat, and he'd rid a mil'd er more
'thout knowin' of it. Bills had struck and stunt him as he clum in
whilse the rumpus was a-goin' on, and he'd on'y come to in time to
hear Bills's farewell address to us there at the ford.

Steve tuk charge o' little Annie ag'in, and ef she'd a-be'n his own
child he wouldn't a-went on more over her than he did; and said nobody
but her mother would git her out o' his hands ag'in. And he was as good
as his word; and ef you could a-seed him a half hour after that, when
he _did_ give her to her mother--all lapped up in his coat and as
drippin' wet as a little drownded angel--it would a-made you wish't you
was him to see that little woman a-caperin' round him, and a-thankin'
him, and a-cryin' and a-laughin', and almost a-huggin' him, she was so
tickled,--well, I thought in my soul she'd die! And Steve blushed like
a girl to see her a-takin' on, and a-thankin' him, and a-cryin', and
a-kissin' little Annie, and a-goin' on. And when she inquired 'bout
Bills, which she did all suddent-like, with a burst o' tears, we jist
didn't have the heart to tell her--on'y we said he'd crossed the river
and got away. And he had!

And now comes a part o' this thing 'at'll more'n like tax you to
believe it: Williams and her wasn't man and wife--and you needn't look
su'prised, nuther, and I'll tell you fer why:--They was own brother and
sister; and that brings me to _her_ part of the story, which you'll haf
to admit beats anything 'at you ever read about in books.

       *       *       *       *       *

Her and Williams--that _wasn't_ his name, like he acknowledged,
hisse'f, you rickollect--ner _she_ didn't want to tell his right name;
and we forgive her fer that. Her and "Williams" was own brother and
sister, and their parunts lived in Ohio some'ers. Their mother had be'n
dead five year' and better--grieved to death over her onnachurl
brother's recklessness, which Annie hinted had broke her father up in
some way, in tryin' to shield him from the law. And the secret of her
bein' with him was this: She had married a man o' the name of Curtis or
Custer, I don't mind which, adzackly--but no matter; she'd married a
well-to-do young feller 'at her brother helt a' old grudge ag'in, she
never knowed what; and, sence her marriage, her brother had went on
from bad to worse, tel finally her father jist give him up and told him
to go it his own way--he'd killed his _mother_ and ruined _him_, and
he'd jist give up all hopes! But Annie--you know how a sister is--she
still clung to him and done ever'thing fer him, tel finally, one night,
about three years after she was married, she got word some way that he
was in trouble ag'in, and sent her husband to he'p him; and a half hour
after he'd gone, her brother come in, all excited and bloody, and told
her to git the baby and come with him, 'at her husband had got in a
quarrel with a friend o' his and was bad hurt. And she went with him,
of course, and he tuk her in a buggy, and lit out with her as tight as
he could go all night; and then told her 'at _he_ was the feller 'at
had quarrelled with her husband, and the officers was after him, and he
was obleeged to leave the country, and fer fear he hadn't made shore
work o' him, he was a-takin' her along to make shore of his gittin' his
revenge; and he swore he'd kill her and the baby too ef she dared to
whimper. And so it was, through a hunderd hardships he'd made his way
at last to our section o' the country, givin' out 'at they was man and
wife, and keepin' her from denyin' of it by threats, and promises of
the time a-comin' when he'd send her home to her man ag'in in case he
hadn't killed him. And so it run on tel you'd a-cried to hear her tell
it, and still see her sister's love fer the feller a-breakin' out by
a-declarin' how kind he was to her _at times_, and how he wasn't railly
bad at heart, on'y fer his ungov'nable temper. But I couldn't he'p but
notice, when she was a-tellin' of her hist'ry, what a quiet sorto' look
o' satisfaction settled on the face o' Steve and the rest of 'em, don't
you understand.

And now they was on'y one thing she wanted to ast, she said; and that
was,--could she still make her home with us tel she could git word to
her friends?--and there she broke down ag'in, not knowin', of course,
whether _they_ was dead er alive; fer time and time ag'in she said
somepin' told her she'd never see her husband ag'in on this airth; and
then the women-folks would cry with her and console her, and the boys
would speak hopeful--all but Steve; some way o' nother Steve was never
like hisse'f from that time on.

And so things went fer a month and better. Ever'thing had quieted down,
and Ezry and a lot o' hands, and me and Steve amongst 'em, was
a-workin' on the frame-work of another mill. It was purty weather, and
we was all in good sperits, and it 'peared like the whole neighberhood
inte_rest_ed--and they _was_, too--women-folks and ever'body. And that
day Ezry's woman and amongst 'em was a-gittin' up a big dinner to fetch
down to us from the house; and along about noon a spruce-lookin' young
feller, with a pale face and a black beard, like, come a-ridin' by and
hitched his hoss, and comin' into the crowd, said "Howdy,"
pleasant-like, and we all stopped work as he went on to say 'at he was
on the track of a feller o' the name o' "Williams," and wanted to know
ef we could give him any infermation 'bout sich a man. Told him
maybe,--'at a feller bearin' that name desappeared kindo' myster'ous
from our neighberhood 'bout five weeks afore that. "My God!" says he
a-turnin' paler'n ever, "am I too late? Where did he go, and was his
sister and her baby with him?" Jist then I ketched sight o' the
women-folks a-comin' with the baskets, and Annie with 'em, with a jug
o' worter in her hand; so I spoke up quick to the stranger, and says I,
"I guess 'his sister and her baby' wasn't along," says I, "but his
_wife_ and _baby's_ some'eres here in the neighberhood yit." And then
a-watchin' him clos't, I says suddent, a-p'intin' over his shoulder,
"There his woman is now--that one with the jug, there." Well, Annie had
jist stooped to lift up one o' the little girls, when the feller
turned, and their eyes met. "Annie! My wife!" he says; and Annie she
kindo' give a little yelp like and come a-flutterin' down in his arms;
and the jug o' worter rolled clean acrost the road, and turned a
somerset and knocked the cob out of its mouth and jist laid back and
hollered "Good--good--good--good--good!" like as ef it knowed what was
up and was jist as glad and tickled as the rest of us.



"_And the common people heard him gladly._"

Of what shall be said herein of dialect, let it be understood the term
dialect referred to is of that general breadth of meaning given it
to-day, namely, any speech or vernacular outside the prescribed form of
good English in its present state. The present state of the English is,
of course, not any one of its prior states. So first let it be remarked
that it is highly probable that what may have been the best of English
once may now by some be counted as a weak, inconsequent _patois_, or

To be direct, it is the object of this article to show that dialect is
not a thing to be despised in any event--that its origin is oftentimes
of as royal caste as that of any speech. Listening back, from the
standpoint of to-day, even to the divine singing of that old classic
master to whom England's late laureate refers as

    "... the first warbler, whose sweet breath
      Preluded those melodious bursts that fill
    The spacious times of great Elizabeth
      With sounds that echo still";

or to whom Longfellow alludes, in his matchless sonnet, as

    "... the poet of the dawn, who wrote
    The Canterbury Tales, and his old age
    Made beautiful with song";--

Chaucer's verse to us is _now_ as veritably dialect as to that old time
it _was_ the chastest English; and even then his materials were
essentially dialect when his song was at best pitch. Again, our present
dialect, of most plebeian ancestry, may none the less prove worthy.
Mark the recognition of its own personal merit in the great new
dictionary, where what was, in our own remembrance, the most outlandish
dialect, is now good, sound, official English.

       *       *       *       *       *

Since Literature must embrace all naturally existing
materials--physical, mental, and spiritual--we have no occasion to urge
its acceptance of so-called dialect, for dialect _is_ in Literature,
and _has_ been there since the beginning of all written thought and
utterance. Strictly speaking, as well as paradoxically, all verbal
expression is more or less dialectic, however grammatical. While usage
establishes grammar, it no less establishes so-called dialect.
Therefore we may as rightfully refer to "so-called grammar."

It is not really a question of Literature's position toward dialect
that we are called upon to consider, but rather how much of
Literature's valuable time shall be taken up by this dialectic country
cousin. This question Literature her gracious self most amiably answers
by hugging to her breast voluminous tomes, from Chaucer on to Dickens,
from Dickens on to Joel Chandler Harris. And this affectionate spirit
on the part of Literature, in the main, we all most feelingly indorse.

Briefly summed, it would appear that dialect means something more than
mere rude form of speech and action--that it must, in some righteous
and substantial way, convey to us a positive force of soul, truth,
dignity, beauty, grace, purity and sweetness that may even touch us to
the tenderness of tears. Yes, dialect as certainly does all this as
that speech and act refined may do it, and for the same reason: it is
simply, purely natural and human.

Yet the Lettered and the Unlettered powers are at swords' points; and
very old and bitter foemen, too, they are. As fairly as we can, then,
let us look over the field of these contending forces and note their
diverse positions: First, _the Lettered_--they who have the full
advantages of refined education, training, and association--are
undoubtedly as wholly out of order among _the Unlettered_ as the
Unlettered are out of order in the exalted presence of the Lettered.
Each faction may in like aversion ignore or snub the other; but a
long-suffering Providence must bear with the society of both. There may
be one vague virtue demonstrated by this feud: each division will be
found unwaveringly loyal to its kind, and mutually they desire no
interchange of sympathy whatever.--Neither element will accept from the
other any _patronizing_ treatment; and, perhaps, the more especially
does the _Unlettered_ faction reject anything in vaguest likeness of
this spirit. Of the two divisions, in graphic summary,--_one_ knows
the very core and centre of refined civilization, and this only; the
_other_ knows the outlying wilds and suburbs of civilization, and this
only. Whose, therefore, is the greater knowledge, and whose the just
right of any whit of self-glorification?

A curious thing, indeed, is this factional pride, as made equally
manifest in both forces; in one, for instance, of the Unlettered
forces: The average farmer, or countryman, knows, in reality, a far
better and wider range of diction than he permits himself to use. He
restricts and abridges the vocabulary of his speech, fundamentally, for
the reason that he fears offending his rural _neighbors_, to whom a
choicer speech might suggest, on his part, an assumption--a spirit of
conscious superiority, and therewith an implied reflection on _their_
lack of intelligence and general worthiness. If there is any one text
universally known and nurtured of the Unlettered masses of our common
country, it is that which reads, "All men are created equal." Therefore
it is a becoming thing when true gentility prefers to overlook some
variations of the class who, more from lack of cultivation than out of
rude intent, sometimes almost compel a positive doubt of the nice
veracity of the declaration, or at least a grief at the munificent
liberality of the so-be-quoted statement. The somewhat bewildering
position of these conflicting forces leaves us nothing further to
consider, but how to make the most and best of the situation so far as
Literature may be hurt or helped thereby.

Equally with the perfect English, then, dialect should have full
justice done it. Then always it is worthy, and in Literature is thus
welcome. The writer of dialect should as reverently venture in its use
as in his chastest English. His effort in the _scholarly_ and _elegant_
direction suffers no neglect--he is _schooled_ in that, perhaps, he may
explain. Then let him be _schooled_ in _dialect_ before he sets up as
an expounder of it--a teacher, forsooth a master! The real master must
not only know each varying light and shade of dialect expression, but
he must as minutely know the inner character of the people whose native
tongue it is, else his product is simply a pretence--a wilful forgery,
a rank abomination. Dialect has been and is thus insulted, vilified,
and degraded, now and continually; and through this outrage solely,
thousands of generous-minded readers have been turned against dialect
who otherwise would have loved and blessed it in its real form of crude
purity and unstrained sweetness--

    "Honey dripping from the comb!"

Let no impious faddist, then, assume its just interpretation. He may
know everything else in the world, but not dialect, nor dialectic
people, for both of which he has supreme contempt, which same, be sure,
is heartily returned. Such a "superior" personage may even go among
these simple country people and abide indefinitely in the midst of
them, yet their more righteous contempt never for one instant permits
them to be their real selves in his presence. In consequence, his most
conscientious report of them, their ways, lives, and interests, is
absolutely of no importance or value in the world. He never knew them,
nor will he ever know them. They are not his kind of people, any more
than he is their kind of man; and _their_ disappointment grieves us
more than his.

The master in Literature, as in any art, is that "divinely gifted man"
who does just obeisance to all living creatures, "both man and beast
and bird." It is this master only who, as he writes, can sweep himself
aside and leave his humble characters to do the thinking and the
talking. This man it is who celebrates his performance--not himself.
His work he celebrates because it is not his only, but because he feels
it the conscientious reproduction of the life itself--as he has seen
and known and felt it;--a representation it is of God's own script,
translated and transcribed by the worshipful mind and heart and hand of
genius. This virtue in all art is impartially demanded, and genius only
can fully answer the demand in any art for which we claim perfection.
The painter has his expression of it, with no slighting of the
dialectic element; so, too, the sculptor, the musician, and the list
entire. In the line of Literature and literary material, an
illustration of the nice meaning and distinction of dialectic art will
be found in Charles Dudley Warner's comment of George Cable's work, as
far back as 1883, referring to the author's own rendition of it from
the platform. Mr. Warner says:

     While the author was unfolding to his audience a life and
     society unfamiliar to them and entrancing them with
     pictures, the reality of which none doubted and the spell
     of which none cared to escape, it occurred to me that here
     was the solution of all the pother we have recently got into
     about the realistic and the ideal schools in fiction. In
     "Posson Jone," an awkward camp-meeting country preacher is
     the victim of a vulgar confidence game; the scenes are the
     street, a drinking-place, a gambling-saloon, a bull-ring,
     and a calaboose; there is not a "respectable" character in
     it. Where shall we look for a more faithful picture of low
     life? Where shall we find another so vividly set forth in
     all its sordid details? And yet see how art steps in, with
     the wand of genius, to make literature! Over the whole the
     author has cast an ideal light; over a picture that, in the
     hands of a bungling realist, would have been repellant he
     has thrown the idealizing grace that makes it one of the
     most charming sketches in the world. Here is nature, as
     nature only ought to be in literature, elevated but never
     departed from.

So we find dialect, as a branch of Literature, worthy of the high
attention and employment of the greatest master in letters--not the
merest mountebank. Turn to Dickens, in innumerable passages of pathos:
the death of poor Jo, or that of the "Cheap John's" little daughter in
her father's arms, on the foot-board of his peddling cart before the
jeering of the vulgar mob; smile moistly, too, at Mr. Sleary's odd
philosophies; or at the trials of Sissy Jupe; or lift and tower with
indignation, giving ear to Stephen Blackpool and the stainless nobility
of his cloyed utterances.

The crudeness or the homeliness of the dialectic element does not argue
its unfitness in any way. Some readers seem to think so; but they are
wrong, and very gravely wrong. Our own brief history as a nation, and
our finding and founding and maintaining of it, left our forefathers
little time indeed for the delicate cultivation of the arts and graces
of refined and scholarly attainments. And there is little wonder, and
great blamelessness on their part, if they lapsed in point of high
mental accomplishments, seeing their attention was so absorbed by
propositions looking toward the protection of their rude farm-homes,
their meagre harvests, and their half-stabled cattle from the dread
invasion of the Indian. Then, too, they had their mothers and their
wives and little ones to protect, to clothe, to feed, and to die for in
this awful line of duty, as hundreds upon hundreds did. These sad facts
are here accented and detailed not so much for the sake of being
tedious as to more clearly indicate why it was that many of the truly
heroic ancestry of "our best people" grew unquestionably dialect of
caste--not alone in speech, but in every mental trait and personal
address. It is a grievous fact for us to confront, but many of them
wore apparel of the commonest, talked loudly, and doubtless said
"thisaway" and "thataway," and "Watch y' doin' of?" and "Whur y' goin'
at?"--using dialect even in their prayers to Him who, in His gentle
mercy, listened and was pleased; and who listens verily unto this hour
to all like prayers, and yet pleased; yea, haply listens even to the
refined rhetorical petitions of those who are _not_ pleased.

There is something more at fault than the language when we turn from or
flinch at it; and, as has been intimated, the wretched fault may be
skulkingly hidden away in the ambush of _ostensible_ dialect--that type
of dialect so copiously produced by its sole manufacturers, who,
utterly stark and bare of the vaguest idea of country life or country
people, at once assume that all their "gifted pens" have to do is to
stupidly misspell every word; vulgarly mistreat and besloven every
theme, however sacred; maim, cripple, and disfigure language never in
the vocabulary of the countryman--then smuggle these monstrosities of
either rhyme or prose somehow into the public print that is to
innocently smear them broadcast all over the face of the country they

How different the mind and method of the true interpreter. As this
phrase goes down the man himself arises--the type perfect--Colonel
Richard Malcolm Johnston, who wrote "The Dukesborough Tales"--an
accomplished classic scholar and teacher, yet no less an accomplished
master and lover of his native dialect of middle Georgia. He, like
Dickens, permits his rustic characters to think, talk, act, and live,
just as nature designed them. He does not make the pitiable error of
either patronizing or making fun of them. He knows them and he loves
them; and they know and love him in return. Recalling Colonel
Johnston's dialectic sketches, with his own presentation of them from
the platform, the writer notes a fact that seems singularly to obtain
among all true dialect-writers, namely, that they are also endowed with
native histrionic capabilities: _Hear_, as well as read, Twain, Cable,
Johnston, Page, Smith, and all the list, with barely an exception.

Did space permit, no better illustration of true dialect sketch and
characterization might here be offered than Colonel Johnston's simple
story of "Mr. Absalom Billingslea," or the short and simple annals of
his like quaint contemporaries, "Mr. Bill Williams" and "Mr. Jonas
Lively." The scene is the country and the very little country town,
with landscape, atmosphere, simplicity, circumstance--all surroundings
and conditions--_veritable_--everything rural and dialectic, no less
than the simple, primitive, common, wholesome-hearted men and women who
so naturally live and have their blessed being in his stories, just as
in the life itself. This is the manifest work of the true dialect
writer and expounder. In every detail, the most minute, such work
reveals the master-hand and heart of the humanitarian as well as
artist--the two are indissolubly fused--and the result of such just
treatment of whatever lowly themes or characters we can but love and
loyally approve with all our human hearts. Such masters necessarily are
rare, and such ripe perfecting as is here attained may be in part the
mellowing result of age and long observation, though it can but be
based upon the wisest, purest spirit of the man as well as artist.

In no less excellence should the work of Joel Chandler Harris be
regarded: His touch alike is ever reverential. He has gathered up the
bruised and broken voices and the legends of the slave, and from his
child-heart he has affectionately yielded them to us in all their eerie
beauty and wild loveliness. Through them we are made to glorify the
helpless and the weak and to revel in their victories. But, better, we
are taught that even in barbaric breasts there dwells inherently the
sense of right above wrong--equity above law--and the One Unerring
Righteousness Eternal. With equal truth and strength, too, Mr. Harris
has treated the dialectic elements of the interior Georgia country--the
wilds and fastnesses of the "moonshiners." His tale of "Teague Poteet,"
of some years ago, was contemporaneous with the list of striking
mountain stories from that strong and highly gifted Tennesseean, Miss
Murfree, or "Charles Egbert Craddock." In the dialectic spirit her
stories charm and hold us. Always there is strangely mingled, but most
naturally, the gentle nature cropping out amid the most desperate and
stoical: the night scene in the isolated mountain cabin, guarded ever
without and within from any chance down-swooping of the minions of the
red-eyed law; the great man-group of gentle giants, with rifles never
out of arm's-reach, in tender rivalry ranged admiringly around the
crowing, wakeful little boy-baby; the return, at last, of the belated
mistress of the house--the sister, to whom all do great, awkward
reverence. Jealously snatching up the babe and kissing it, she
querulously demands why he has not long ago been put to bed. "He 'lowed
he wouldn't go," is the reply.

Thomas Nelson Page, of Virginia, who wrote "Meh Lady"--a positive
classic in the Negro dialect: his work is veritable--strong and pure
and sweet; and as an oral reader of it the doubly gifted author, in
voice and cadence, natural utterance, every possible effect of speech
and tone, is doubtless without rival anywhere.

Many more, indeed, than may be mentioned now there are of these real
benefactors and preservers of the wayside characters, times, and
customs of our ever-shifting history. Needless is it to speak here of
the earlier of our workers in the dialectic line--of James Russell
Lowell's New England "Hosea Biglow," Dr. Eggleston's "Hoosier
School-Master," or the very rare and quaint, bright prattle of "Helen's
Babies." In connection with this last let us very seriously inquire
what this _real_ child has done that Literature should so persistently
refuse to give him an abiding welcome? Since for ages this question
seems to have been left unasked, it may be timely now to propound it.
Why not the real child in Literature? The real child is good enough (we
all know he is bad enough) to command our admiring attention and most
lively interest in real life, and just as we find him "in the raw."
Then why do we deny him any righteous place of recognition in our
Literature? From the immemorial advent of our dear old Mother Goose,
Literature has been especially catering to the juvenile needs and
desires, and yet steadfastly overlooking, all the time, the very
principles upon which Nature herself founds and presents this lawless
little brood of hers--the children. It is not the children who are out
of order; it is Literature. And not only is Literature out of order,
but she is presumptuous; she is impudent. She takes Nature's children
and revises and corrects them till "their own mother doesn't know
them." This is literal fact. So, very many of us are coming to inquire,
as we've a right, why is the real child excluded from a just hearing in
the world of letters as he has in the world of fact? For instance, what
has the lovely little ragamuffin ever done of sufficient guilt to
eternally consign him to the monstrous penalty of speaking most
accurate grammar all the literary hours of the days of the years of his
otherwise natural life?--

    "Oh, mother, may I go to school
      With brother Charles to-day?
    The air is very fine and cool;
      Oh, mother, say I may!"

--Is this a real boy that would make such a request, and is it the real
language he would use? No, we are glad to say that it is not. Simply it
is a libel, in every particular, on any boy, however fondly and
exactingly trained by parents however zealous for his overdecorous
future. Better, indeed, the dubious sentiment of the most trivial
nursery jingle, since the latter at least maintains the lawless though
wholesome spirit of the child-genuine.--

    "Hink! Minx! The old witch winks--
      The fat begins to fry;
    There's nobody home but Jumping Joan,
      Father and mother and I."

Though even here the impious poet leaves the scar of grammatical
knowledge upon childhood's native diction; and so the helpless little
fellow is again misrepresented, and his character, to all intents and
purposes, is assaulted and maligned outrageously thereby.

Now, in all seriousness, this situation ought not to be permitted to
exist, though to change it seems an almost insurmountable task. The
general public, very probably, is not aware of the real gravity of the
position of the case as even unto this day it exists. Let the public
try, then, to contribute the real child to the so-called Child
Literature of its country, and have its real child returned as promptly
as it dare show its little tousled head in the presence of that
scholarly and dignified institution. Then ask why your real child has
been spanked back home again, and the wise mentors there will virtually
tell you that Child Literature wants no real children in it, that the
real child's example of defective grammar and lack of elegant
deportment would furnish to its little patrician patrons suggestions
very hurtful indeed to their higher morals, tendencies, and ambitions.
Then, although the general public couldn't for the life of it see why
or how, and might even be reminded that _it_ was just such a rowdying
child itself, and that its _father_--the Father of his Country--was
just such a child; that Abraham Lincoln was just such a lovable,
lawless child, and yet was blessed and chosen in the end for the
highest service man may ever render unto man,--all--all this argument
would avail not in the least, since the elegantly minded purveyors of
Child Literature can not possibly tolerate the presence of any but the
refined children--the very proper children--the studiously thoughtful,
poetic children;--and these must be kept safe from the contaminating
touch of our rough-and-tumble little fellows in "hodden gray," with
frowzly heads, begrimed but laughing faces, and such awful, awful
vulgarities of naturalness, and crimes of simplicity, and brazen faith
and trust, and love of life and everybody in it. All other real people
are getting into Literature; and without some real children along will
they not soon be getting lonesome, too?

       *       *       *       *       *

Books By
James Whitcomb Riley




PIPES O' PAN (Prose and Verse)







(English Edition)

(English Edition)




(Pictures by Dyer)

       *       *       *       *       *

Transcriber's Notes

Moved List of Books by James Whitcomb Riley to end of book.

Page 204: Corrected typo genious to genius
  (and genious only can fully answer the demand in any art).

Made minor punctuation corrections.

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