Home
  By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon


We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

´╗┐Title: New Royal Cook Book
Author: Anonymous
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "New Royal Cook Book" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.



The New Royal Cook Book


The new Royal Cook Book has been prepared to meet the large and ever
increasing demand for a guide to wholesome and palatable home cooking.
The young housewife will find here complete simple directions for making
delicious cakes and other culinary delights. Experienced cooks and those
more skilled in the art will find here many of their favorite recipes
and in addition helpful suggestions, especially in the matter of saving
eggs and other expensive materials.

=Every recipe has been tested many times and all have been found
excellent.=

Royal Baking Powder is used in all recipes in which a leavening agent is
required, and the biscuits, muffins, griddle cakes, doughnuts, cakes and
"Royal" imparts a fine appearance, and a particularly good flavor to the
food.

Housekeepers are urged to avoid substitutes for Royal Baking Powder.
Failures in baking often result from the use of sour milk and soda, or
even home made mixtures of cream of tartar and soda, because of
inability to determine the uncertain strength of such materials and
hence the proper proportions to use.

=Avoid all guess work by using "Royal." It is always the same, always
dependable.=


Copyright, 1920, by Royal Baking Powder Co.



NEW ROYAL COOK BOOK--_Index to Recipes_


    Albuminized Orange,                   46

    Almonds, Salted,                      44

    Angel Cake,                        10-11

    Apple Cake,                           22

    Apple Dressing,                       35

    Apple Dumplings,                      22

    Apple Fritters,                        9

    Apple Pie,                            26

    Apple Roll,                           23

    Apple Sauce,                          33

    Asparagus,                         39-48


    Banana Cake with Jelly Sauce,         23

    Banana Fritters,                      10

    Barley Water,                         45

    Beans,                       38-39-40-48

    Bean Soup,                            29

    Bechamel Sauce,                       35

    Beef,                           32-33-46

    Beef Tea,                             46

    Beets,                                39

    Berries, Canned,                      48

    Berry Pies,                           27

    Beverages,                            42

    Biscuits and Muffins,                6-7

    Blueberry Cake,                       23

    Blueberry or Huckleberry Float,       24

    Blueberry or Huckleberry Muffins,      7

    Boiling and Stewing (Meats),       32-45

    Boston Baked Beans,                   38

    Boston Brown Bread,                    3

    Boston Cream Pie,                     23

    Bran Biscuits,                         6

    Bread and Rolls,                   3-4-5

    Bride's Cake,                         11

    Broiling and Frying,                  32

    Brussels Sprouts,                     40

    Buckwheat Cakes,                       8

    Buns,                                  5

    Butter Scotch,                        43

    Butter Scotch Icing and Filling,      18


    Cakes,                             10-16

    Candies,                           43-44

    Canning and Preserving,            46-49

    Caramels, Chocolate,                  43

    Caramel Sauce,                        26

    Carrots,                              39

    Cauliflower,                          40

    Cereals (Fireless Cookery),           45

    Charlotte Russe,                      23

    Cheese Biscuits,                       6

    Cheese in Scallop Shells or Ramekins, 38

    Cheese Souffle,                       39

    Cheese Straws,                        38

    Cherries, Canned,                     48

    Cherry Tarts,                         28

    Chicken Croquettes,                   37

    Chicken Patties,                      38

    Chicken Pie,                          35

    Chicken Salad,                        41

    Chili Sauce,                          49

    Chocolate,                            43

    Chocolate Blanc Mange,                24

    Chocolate Cake,                       11

    Chocolate Caramels,                   43

    Chocolate Filling and Icing,    13-16-17

    Chocolate Ice Cream,                  28

    Chocolate Layer Cake,                 13

    Chocolate Sauce,                      25

    Chow Chow,                            49

    Christmas Plum Pudding,               24

    Cinnamon Buns,                         5

    Clam Chowder,                         31

    Clam Fritters,                        10

    Cocoa,                                42

    Cocoa Cookies,                        19

    Cocoa Cream Candy,                    44

    Cocoa Drop Cakes,                     18

    Cocoa Icing,                          17

    Cocoa Syrup,                          42

    Cocoanut Cake, Feather,               13

    Cocoanut Cookies,                     19

    Cocoanut Cream Candy,                 44

    Cocoanut Layer Cake,                  14

    Codfish Balls,                        30

    Coffee,                               42

    Coffee Cakes,                          5

    Coffee Fruit Cake,                    12

    Coffee Spice Cake,                    16

    Cold Slaw,                            39

    Conserve, Plum,                       49

    Cookies and Small Cakes,        18-19-20

    Corn and Rice Pone,                    3

    Corn, Boiled,                         40

    Corn Bread,                            3

    Corn, Canned,                         48

    Corn Fritters,                        10

    Corn Gems, Green,                      8

    Corn Meal Griddle Cakes,               9

    Corn Meal Muffins,                     7

    Corn Pudding,                         39

    Cottage Pudding,                      22

    Crabs,                                31

    Cranberry Sauce,                      36

    Cream Filling,                        14

    Cream Layer Cake,                     14

    Cream Loaf Cake,                      12

    Cream Puffs,                          24

    Cream Sauce,                          35

    Cream Soups,                       29-30

    Creole Soup,                          30

    Croquettes,                           37

    Crullers,                             21

    Currant Jelly Sauce,                  36

    Currant Tea Cakes,                     7

    Currants, Spiced,                     49

    Custard, Baked,                       22

    Custard, Pie,                         27


    Date and Peanut Paste,                44

    Date Bread,                            4

    Date Cake, Royal,                     12

    Date Muffins,                          7

    Dates, Stuffed,                       44

    Desserts, Frozen,                  28-29

    Devils Food Cake,                     14

    Doughnuts,                            21

    Dumplings,                         22-32


    Eggless, Milkless, Butterless Cake,   11

    Eggs,                              36-37

    Egg Sauce for Fish,                   36


    Fairmount Cake,                       13

    Fig Envelopes,                         8

    Fig Pudding,                          25

    Filled Cookies,                       20

    Fireless Cookery,                     44

    Fish,                              30-31

    Fritters,                           9-10

    Frosting, Ornamental,                 16

    Fruit Cake,                           12

    Fruit Filling,                     15-17

    Fruit Fritters,                        9

    Fruit Layer Cakes,                    15

    Fruit Sauce,                          26

    Fruit Shortcakes,                  20-21

    Fruits, Canning,                      46

    Fudge,                                44

    Fudge Squares,                        20


    Gems,                                  8

    Giblet Gravy,                         34

    Gluten Muffins,                       46

    Goose Roast,                          35

    Graham Bread,                          3

    Graham Gems,                           8

    Grape Sherbet,                        28

    Gravy, Brown,                         36

    Griddle Cakes and Waffles,           8-9


    Ham, Baked,                           33

    Ham, Scalloped with Eggs,             37

    Hermits,                              20

    Hickory Nut Candy,                    44

    Hollandaise Sauce,                    36

    Honey Drop Cakes,                     18

    Horse Radish Sauce,                   36

    Huckleberry or Blueberry Float,       24

    Huckleberry or Blueberry Muffins,      7


    Ice Cream,                            28

    Icings and Fillings,            16-17-18

    Invalid Cookery,                   45-46


    Jams,                                 48

    Jellies,                              49

    Jelly Meringue,                       17

    Jelly Roll,                           25

    Jelly Sauce,                          23


    Kidney Beans with Bacon,              38

    Kohl-Rabi,                            40


    Lady Baltimore Cake,                  15

    Lamb,                                 33

    Lemon Jelly,                          25

    Lemon Meringue Pie,                   26

    Lemon or Orange Sauce,                26

    Lemon Sherbet,                        28

    Lima Beans,                           40

    Liver and Bacon,                      32

    Lobster Salad,                        42

    Lobsters or Crabs,                    31

    Luncheon Dishes,                      38

    Luncheon or Sandwich Rolls,            4


    Macaroni, Baked with Cheese,          38

    Maitre D'Hotel Butter,                36

    Maple Icing,                          17

    Maple Layer Cake,                     15

    Maple Nut Cake,                       12

    Maple Sauce,                          25

    Marble Cake,                          13

    Marquise Salad,                       42

    Marshmallow Cookies,                  20

    Marshmallow Filling,                  17

    Marshmallow Icing,                    14

    Mayonnaise,                           41

    Meats,                       32-33-34-45

    Meringues,                            23

    Mince Meat,                           27

    Mince Pie,                            27

    Mint Sauce,                           36

    Molasses Cakes,                    12-19

    Molasses Candy,                       43

    Muffins,                          6-7-46


    Nut and Potato Croquettes,            37

    Nut and Raisin Bread,                  3

    Nut and Raisin Rolls,                  4

    Nut Bars,                             20

    Nuts, Creamed,                        43


    Oatmeal Macaroons,                    20

    Omelets,                              37

    Onions,                               39

    Onion Soup,                           30

    Orange Cakes,                         18

    Orange Filling and Icing,          14-17

    Orange Layer Cake,                    13

    Orange Water Ice,                     29

    Oyster Dressing,                      34

    Oyster Plant,                         40

    Oysters,                              31


    Pancakes, French,                      9

    Parker House Rolls,                    5

    Parsnips,                             40

    Pastry and Pies,                26-27-28

    Patty Shells, Royal,                  38

    Peaches,                           47-49

    Peanut Brittle,                       43

    Peanut Butter Bread,                   4

    Pears,                                48

    Penuche,                              44

    Pickles,                           39-49

    Pineapple Juice,                      45

    Planked Fish,                         30

    Plums,                             47-49

    Poor Man's Pudding,                   22

    Popcorn, Candied,                     43

    Popovers,                              8

    Potato and Nut Croquettes,            37

    Potato Rolls,                          4

    Potato Salad,                         42

    Potatoes, Sweet and White,         39-40

    Pot Roast of Beef,                    33

    Poultry,                           34-35

    Poultry Dressing,                  34-35

    Pound Cake,                           11

    Preserving and Canning             46-49

    Prune or Date Bread,                   4

    Prune Puff,                           25

    Prunes, Stuffed,                      44

    Puddings and Other Desserts,       22-25

    Pumpkin Pie,                          27


    Raisin and Nut Bread,                  3

    Raisin and Nut Rolls,                  4

    Raisin Drop Cakes,                    18

    Raisin Tea Ring,                       6

    Raspberries,                       47-48

    Rhubarb Pie,                          27

    Rice Croquettes,                      37

    Rice Griddle Cakes,                    9

    Rice Muffins,                          7

    Rice Pudding,                         22

    Rolls,                               4-5

    Roast Meats,                    32-33-45

    Rusks,                                 5

    Russian Dressing,                     41

    Rye Rolls,                             4


    Salads and Salad Dressings,        41-42

    Sally Lunn,                            8

    Salmon Croquettes,                    37

    Sandwich Rolls,                        4

    Sauces, Fish, Meat and Vegetable,  35-36

    Sauces, Pudding,                23-25-26

    Scones,                                7

    Sea Foam Icing,                       17

    Shell Fish,                           31

    Shortcakes,                        20-21

    Soups, Cream and from Stock,    29-30-45

    Spanish Cake,                         11

    Spanish Cream,                        46

    Spice Cakes,                          18

    Spiced Currants,                      49

    Spider Corn Bread,                     3

    Spinach,                           39-40

    Sponge Cake,                       15-16

    Stewing and Boiling (Meats),          32

    Stew with Dumplings,                  32

    Strawberry Ice Cream,                 28

    Strawberry Icing,                     17

    Strawberry Mousse,                    29

    Strawberry Pie,                       27

    Strawberry Shortcakes,                21

    Sunshine Cake,                        10

    Sweetbreads, Creamed,                 34


    Taffy, Butter,                        43

    Tapioca Pudding,                      22

    Tea,                                  43

    Time-Table for Canning Fruits,        47

    Toast, French,                        39

    Tomato Catsup,                        49

    Tomatoes and Eggs,                    38

    Tomatoes, Baked,                      40

    Tomato Pickles,                       49

    Tomato Sauce,                         35

    Tomato Soup,                          30


    Veal, Baked with Tomato Sauce,        33

    Veal Cutlet,                          33

    Vegetables,                  38-39-40-45

    Vegetable Salad,                      41


    Waffles,                               9

    Whole Wheat Biscuits,                  6

    Whole Wheat Hot Cakes,                 9



SOME SECRETS OF GOOD COOKING


The addition of one or two teaspoons of Royal Baking Powder to plain
pastry will add wonderfully to its qualities, making it very light and
tender.

_Omelets_ are improved by the addition of a small amount of Royal Baking
Powder.

Royal Baking Powder may be added with great advantage to _bread
pudding_, _poultry dressing_, _stuffed_ or _deviled crabs_ and other
preparations in which broken bread or bread crumbs are used.

_Icings_ and especially Ornamental Icings are improved in texture and
flavor by the addition of about a teaspoon of Royal Baking Powder.

Instead of adding soda to keep color in green vegetables use Royal
Baking Powder.



Royal Baking Powder


For raising or leavening breads, biscuits, rolls, muffins, griddle
cakes, doughnuts, cakes, pastries, puddings and other similar foods.


Absolutely Pure and Wholesome

The principal active ingredient of Royal Baking Powder is Royal Grape
Cream of Tartar, a derivative of rich, ripe grapes. It perfectly aerates
and leavens the batter or dough and makes the food finer in appearance,
more delicious to the taste, and more healthful.

It possesses the greatest practicable leavening strength, never varies
in quality, and will keep fresh and perfect in all climates until used.


The Standard for over 50 Years

For over 50 years Royal Baking Powder has been the standard. Most of the
famous baking recipes in use today were created with it. Most of the
famous cooking schools use it. Housewives all over the world have
followed the lead of the American housewife and insist upon it. "I must
have La Royal," say our Spanish-speaking neighbors in Mexico, Cuba and
South America. "I want Royal Baking Powder and no other," say housewives
in England, Scotland and Ireland.

Only unequalled quality could create such a world-wide demand.


Used in Leading Hotels

Prominent chefs and expert bakers in America, including those of the
famous restaurants in New York, Chicago, San Francisco and other cities,
consider Royal Baking Powder the most reliable, most efficient and the
most dependable leavening agent.

Physicians recommend Royal Baking Powder for its wholesomeness and for
the healthful qualities that it adds to the food.

       *       *       *       *       *

_For Making the Finest and Most Healthful Food, Royal Baking Powder is
Indispensable._



GENERAL SUGGESTIONS


Where shortening is mentioned in the recipes it is understood that
butter or lard, or an equivalent quantity of butter substitute or
vegetable oil may be used.


MEASUREMENTS

All measurements for all materials called for in the recipes in this
book are level.

The standard measuring cup holds one-half pint and is divided into
fourths and thirds.

To make level measurements fill cup or spoon and scrape off excess with
back of knife.

One-half spoon is measured lengthwise of spoon.

Sift flour before measuring.


BAKING

Regulate the oven carefully before mixing the ingredients. Many a cake
otherwise perfectly prepared is spoiled because the oven is too hot or
not hot enough.

Biscuits and pastry require a hot oven; cakes, a moderate oven.

When a cake is thoroughly baked it shrinks from the sides of the pan. A
light touch with the finger which leaves no mark is another indication
that the cake is baked.

       *       *       *       *       *

TABLE OF EQUIVALENT WEIGHTS AND MEASURES


    1 saltspoon = 1/4 teaspoon
    3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
    16 tablespoons = 1 cup
    2 cups = 1 pint
    2 pints = 1 quart
    4 cups = 1 quart
    2 cups granulated sugar = 1 pound
    4 cups flour = 1 pound
    2 cups butter = 1 pound
    2 tablespoons butter = 1 ounce
    2 tablespoons liquid = 1 ounce
    4 tablespoons flour = 1 ounce
    1 square unsweetened chocolate = 1 ounce


_All measurements are level. Four level teaspoons of baking powder about
equal one heaping teaspoon as heretofore used._

[Note: The following 6 lines are Page headers which are
repeated throughout the original book.]

Royal Baking Powder Contains No Alum

Royal Baking Powder Is Absolutely Pure

Royal Baking Powder Leaves No Bitter Taste

Royal is Made from Cream of Tartar

Royal Baking Powder Never Disturbs Digestion

Bake it with Royal and be Sure



Bread and Rolls


Royal Baking Powder may be used instead of yeast to leaven bread. It
does the same work; that is, raises the dough, making it porous and
spongy.

The great advantage in baking powder bread is in time saved. Royal
Baking Powder bread can be mixed and baked in about an hour and a half.


Royal Baking Powder Bread

    4 cups flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    7 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 medium-sized, cold boiled potato milk (water may be used)

Sift together flour, salt, sugar and baking powder, rub in potato; add
sufficient milk to mix smoothly into stiff batter. Turn at once into
greased loaf pan, smooth top with knife dipped in melted butter, and
allow to stand in warm place about 30 minutes. Bake in moderate oven
about one hour. When done take from pan, moisten top with few drops cold
water and allow to cool before putting away in bread box.


Boston Brown Bread

    1 cup entire wheat or graham flour
    1 cup corn meal
    1 cup rye meal or ground rolled oats
    5 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    3/4 cup molasses
    1-1/3 cups milk

Mix thoroughly dry ingredients; add molasses to milk, and add to dry
ingredients; beat thoroughly and put into greased moulds 2/3 full. Steam
3-1/2 hours; remove covers and bake until top is dry.


Spider Corn Bread

    1 egg
    1-3/4 cups milk
    1 cup corn meal
    1/3 cup flour
    2 tablespoons sugar
    1 teaspoon salt
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 tablespoon shortening

Beat egg and add one cup milk; stir in corn meal, flour, sugar, salt and
baking powder which have been sifted together; turn into frying pan in
which shortening has been melted; pour on remainder of milk but do not
stir. Bake about 25 minutes in hot oven. There should be a line of
creamy custard through the bread. Cut into triangles and serve.


Corn Bread

    1 cup corn meal
    1 cup flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    3 tablespoons sugar
    1 teaspoon salt
    1-1/2 cups milk
    2 tablespoons melted shortening
    1 egg

Mix and sift dry ingredients; add milk, shortening and beaten egg; beat
well and pour into greased shallow pan. Bake in hot oven about 25
minutes.


Corn and Rice Pone

    2 cups corn meal
    5 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    3 eggs
    2-1/4 cups milk
    4 tablespoons melted shortening
    1 cup boiled rice

Mix and sift dry ingredients; add milk and shortening to beaten eggs;
stir into dry mixture; mix in rice and pour into shallow greased pans.
Bake in hot oven about 30 minutes.


Graham Bread

    1-1/2 cups flour
    1-1/2 cups graham flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon melted shortening
    1 egg
    1-1/2 cups liquid (1/2 water and 1/2 milk)
    2 tablespoons sugar or molasses

Mix flour, graham flour, baking powder and salt together; add beaten
egg, shortening and sugar or molasses to liquid; stir into dry mixture
and beat well; add more milk if necessary to make a drop batter. Put
into greased loaf pan, smooth with knife dipped in cold water. Bake
about one hour in moderate oven.


Nut and Raisin Bread

    1-1/2 cups flour
    2 cups graham flour
    1/2 cup corn meal
    1/2 cup brown sugar
    1 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    3/4 cup chopped nuts
    1 cup ground raisins
    2 cups milk
    1/2 cup molasses
    1/4 teaspoon soda

Sift dry ingredients together. Add nuts and raisins; add milk and mix
well, then add molasses and soda which have been mixed together. Bake in
two small greased loaf pans in moderate oven about 45 minutes.


Peanut Butter Bread

    2 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup sugar
    2/3 cup peanut butter
    1 cup milk

Sift flour, baking powder, salt and sugar together. Add milk to peanut
butter, blend well and add to dry ingredients; beat thoroughly. Bake in
greased loaf pan in slow oven 45 to 50 minutes. This is best when a day
old. It makes delicious sandwiches cut in thin slices and filled with
either cream cheese or lettuce and mayonnaise.


Prune or Date Bread

    1 cup prunes or dates
    2-1/2 cups graham flour or 1 cup flour and 1-1/2 cups graham flour
    1/4 cup sugar
    1 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 cup milk
    1 tablespoon melted shortening

Stone and chop fruit (prunes must be soaked several hours and drained).
Mix flour, sugar, salt and baking powder; add milk and beat well; add
fruit and shortening. Put into greased bread pan; allow to stand 20 to
25 minutes in warm place. Bake in moderate oven one hour.


Luncheon or Sandwich Rolls

    4 cups flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    6 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 tablespoon shortening
    1-1/2 cups milk

Sift together flour, salt and baking powder; rub in shortening; add
milk, and mix with spoon to smooth dough easy to handle on floured
board. Turn out dough; knead quickly a few times to impart smoothness;
divide into small pieces; form each by hand into short, rather thick
tapering rolls; place on greased pans and allow to stand in warm place
15 to 20 minutes; brush with milk. Bake in very hot oven. When almost
baked brush again with melted butter. Bake 10 minutes longer and serve
hot. If a glazed finish is desired, before taking from oven brush with
yolk of egg which has been mixed with a little water. These rolls make
excellent sandwiches, using for fillings either lettuce and mayonnaise,
sliced or chopped ham, chopped seasoned cucumbers, egg and mayonnaise
with very little chopped onion and parsley, or other filling desired.


Rye Rolls

    4 cups rye flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    6 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1-1/2 cups milk
    1 tablespoon shortening

Sift together dry ingredients; add milk and melted shortening. Knead on
floured board; shape into rolls. Put into greased pans and allow to
stand in warm place 20 minutes. Bake in moderate oven 25 to 30 minutes.


Potato Rolls

    4 cups flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    7 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2 medium-sized cold, boiled potatoes
    water or milk

Sift thoroughly together flour, salt, sugar and baking powder; rub in
potatoes or add after putting through ricer; add sufficient liquid to
mix smoothly into soft dough. This will require about one and one-half
cups. Divide into small pieces; knead each and shape into small rolls;
place on greased pan and brush with melted shortening and allow to stand
in warm place 15 to 20 minutes. Bake in hot oven and when nearly done,
brush again with melted shortening.


Nut and Raisin Rolls

    2-1/2 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    5 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg
    2/3 cup milk
    butter
    raisins
    chopped nuts
    1/2 cup sugar

Sift flour, baking powder, salt and sugar together. Add melted
shortening and beaten egg to milk and add to dry ingredients, mixing
well. Turn out on floured board and knead lightly. Roll out very thin.
Spread with butter and sprinkle with raisins, chopped nuts and small
amount of granulated sugar. Cut into about 4-inch squares. Roll up each
as for jelly roll. Press edges together. Brush over with yolk of egg
mixed with a little cold water and sprinkle with nuts and sugar, and
allow to stand in greased pan about 15 minutes. Bake in moderate oven
from 20 to 25 minutes.


Parker House Rolls

    4 cups flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    6 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2-4 tablespoons shortening
    1-1/2 cups milk

Sift flour, salt and baking powder together. Add melted shortening to
milk and add slowly to dry ingredients stirring until smooth. Knead on
floured board and roll one-half inch thick. Cut with biscuit cutter.
Crease each circle with back of knife one side of center. Butter small
section and fold larger part well over small. Place one inch apart in
greased pan. Allow to stand 15 minutes in warm place. Brush with melted
butter and bake in hot oven 15 to 20 minutes.


Rusks

    2-1/4 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons maple or brown sugar
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon nutmeg
    3/4 teaspoon cinnamon
    1 egg
    1/3 to 2/3 cup water
    2 tablespoons shortening

Sift together flour, salt, sugar, baking powder, nutmeg and cinnamon;
add beaten egg and melted shortening to water and add. Mix well and turn
out on floured board. Divide into small pieces; with floured hands shape
into rolls; place on greased shallow pan close together; allow to stand
10 to 15 minutes before baking; brush with milk and sprinkle with a
little maple or brown sugar. Bake in moderate oven 20 to 30 minutes.

For hot cross buns, with sharp knife make deep cross cuts; brush with
butter, sprinkle with sugar and bake.


Royal Cinnamon Buns

    2-1/4 cups flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg
    1/2 cup water
    1/2 cup sugar
    2 teaspoons cinnamon
    4 tablespoons seeded raisins

Sift 2 tablespoons of measured sugar with flour, salt and baking powder;
rub shortening in lightly; add beaten egg to water and add slowly. Roll
out 1/4-inch thick on floured board; brush with melted butter, sprinkle
with sugar, cinnamon and raisins. Roll as for jelly roll; cut into
1-1/2-inch pieces; place with cut edges up on greased pan; sprinkle with
sugar and cinnamon. Bake in moderate oven 30 to 35 minutes; remove from
pan at once.


Brown Sugar Buns

    2 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon shortening
    1/2 cup milk
    1 tablespoon butter
    1 cup brown sugar

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; add shortening and rub in
very lightly; add milk slowly to make a soft dough; roll out 1/4-inch
thick. Have butter soft and spread over dough; cover with brown sugar.
Roll same as jelly roll; cut into 1-1/2-inch pieces and place with cut
edges up on well greased pan. Bake in moderate oven about 30 minutes;
remove from pan at once.


Coffee Cake

    2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    3 tablespoons sugar
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2 tablespoons shortening
    2/3 cup milk

Mix and sift dry ingredients; add melted shortening and enough milk to
make very stiff batter. Spread 1/2-inch thick in greased pan; add top
mixture. Bake about 30 minutes in moderate oven.

TOP MIXTURE

    2 tablespoons flour
    1 tablespoon cinnamon
    3 tablespoons sugar
    3 tablespoons shortening

Mix dry ingredients; rub in shortening and spread thickly over top of
dough before baking.


Royal Individual Coffee Cakes

    2 cups flour
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    4 tablespoons sugar
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg
    1/2 cup milk

Sift dry ingredients together; mix in shortening; add beaten egg to milk
and add to dry ingredients to make soft dough; divide dough into six
long, narrow pieces; with hands roll out on board each piece very long
and thin; spread with butter; cut each in two and beginning in center
twist two pieces together and bring ends around to form crescent. Put
into greased pan; sprinkle with chopped nuts. Bake in hot oven 15 to 20
minutes. While hot, brush over with thin icing made with 1/2 cup
confectioner's sugar moistened with 1 tablespoon hot water.


Raisin Tea Ring

    3 cups flour
    6 tablespoons sugar
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/2 to 3/4 cup milk
    3 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg
    1 cup raisins, washed, drained and floured
    1/2 cup chopped nuts

Sift dry ingredients together; add raisins; to milk add melted
shortening and beaten egg, and add to dry ingredients to make a soft
dough; roll out lightly about 1/2-inch thick; divide into two long
strips and twist together to form a ring; put into greased pan and
sprinkle with sugar and nuts; allow to stand about 20 minutes. Bake in
moderate oven 20 to 25 minutes.



Biscuits and Muffins


Of all foods for breakfast, nothing is so appetizing and satisfying, as
light, flaky, hot Royal Baking Powder Biscuit, with a crisp, brown
crust, just from the oven, broken apart and spread with butter, honey,
jam or marmalade.


Biscuits

    2 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons shortening
    3/4 cup milk or half milk and half water

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt, add shortening and rub in
very lightly; add liquid slowly; roll or pat on floured board to about
one inch in thickness (handle as little as possible); cut with biscuit
cutter. Bake in hot oven 15 to 20 minutes.


Emergency or Drop Biscuits

Same as recipe for biscuits with the addition of more milk to make stiff
batter. Drop by spoonfuls on greased pan and bake in hot oven.


Whole Wheat or Health Biscuits

    2 cups whole wheat flour
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2 teaspoons shortening
    1 cup milk
    4 tablespoons cut raisins

Mix well flour, salt and baking powder, or sift through coarse strainer;
rub shortening in lightly; add milk; mix to soft dough, add raisins.
Drop with tablespoon quite far apart on greased baking tin or in muffin
tins. Bake in moderate oven about 25 minutes.


Bran Biscuits

    1/2 cup bran
    1-1/2 cups flour
    5 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    3 tablespoons sugar
    1/2 cup water
    2 tablespoons melted shortening

Mix thoroughly bran, flour, baking powder, salt, sugar; add sufficient
water to make soft dough; add shortening; roll on floured board to about
1/4-inch thick; cut with biscuit cutter. Bake in hot oven 12 to 15
minutes.


Cheese Biscuits

    1-1/2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon shortening
    6 tablespoons grated cheese
    5/8 cup milk

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; add shortening and cheese;
mix in lightly; add milk slowly, just enough to hold dough together.
Roll out on floured board about 1/2-inch thick; cut with biscuit cutter.
Bake in hot oven 12 to 15 minutes.


Tea Biscuits

    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    1 egg
    2 tablespoons shortening
    1/3 cup water

Sift together flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add well-beaten egg
and melted shortening to water and add to dry ingredients to make soft
dough. Roll out on floured board to about 1/2-inch thick; cut with
biscuit cutter. Bake in moderate oven about 25 minutes.


Muffins

    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 tablespoon sugar
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 cup milk
    2 eggs
    1 tablespoon shortening

Sift together flour, baking powder, sugar and salt; add milk,
well-beaten eggs and melted shortening; mix well. Half fill greased
muffin tins and bake in hot oven 20 to 25 minutes.


Blueberry or Huckleberry Muffins

    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    3/4 cup milk
    2 eggs
    1 tablespoon shortening
    1 cup berries

Sift together flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add milk slowly,
well-beaten eggs and melted shortening; mix well and add berries, which
have been carefully picked over and floured. Grease muffin tins; drop
one spoonful into each. Bake about 30 minutes in moderate oven.


Cereal Muffins

    1/2 cup cooked hominy, oatmeal or other cereal
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1-1/2 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg
    1/2 cup milk
    1 cup flour
    1/2 cup corn meal
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Mix together cereal, salt, melted shortening, beaten egg and milk. Add
flour and corn meal which have been sifted with baking powder; beat
well. Bake in greased muffin tins or shallow pan in hot oven 25 to 30
minutes.


Corn Meal Muffins

    3/4 cup corn meal
    1-1/4 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons sugar
    1 cup milk
    2 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg

Sift together corn meal, flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add milk,
melted shortening and well-beaten egg; mix well. Half fill greased
muffin tins and bake about 35 minutes in hot oven.


Crumb Muffins

    2 cups stale bread crumbs
    1-1/4 cups milk
    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 eggs
    1 tablespoon shortening

Soak bread crumbs in cold milk 10 minutes; add flour, baking powder and
salt which have been sifted together; add well-beaten eggs and melted
shortening; mix well. Heat muffin tins, grease and drop one tablespoon
of batter into each. Bake 20 to 25 minutes in hot oven.


Rice Muffins

    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    2/3 cup milk
    1 egg
    1 tablespoon shortening
    1 cup cold boiled rice

Sift together flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add milk slowly;
then well-beaten egg and melted shortening; add rice and mix well.
Grease muffin tins; drop one spoonful of mixture into each. Bake 20 to
30 minutes in hot oven.


Date Muffins

    1/3 cup butter
    1 egg
    2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    3/4 cup milk
    1/2 pound dates

Cream butter, add beaten egg, flour in which baking powder and salt have
been sifted, and milk. Stir in dates which have been pitted and cut into
small pieces. Bake about 25 minutes in greased gem pans in hot oven.

For sweet muffins sift 1/4 cup sugar with dry ingredients.


Scones

    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons sugar
    2 tablespoons shortening
    2 eggs
    1/3 cup milk

Sift together flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add shortening and
mix in very lightly. Beat eggs until light; add milk to eggs and add
slowly to mixture. Roll out 1/2-inch thick on floured board; cut into
pieces 3 inches square and fold over, making them three-cornered; brush
with milk; dust with sugar. Bake about 25 minutes in hot oven.


Currant Tea Cakes

    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup sugar
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    1 cup milk
    1 egg
    2 tablespoons shortening
    1/2 cup currants

Sift together flour, baking powder, sugar and salt; add beaten egg and
melted shortening to milk and add to dry ingredients; add currants which
have been washed, dried and floured; mix well. The batter should be
stiff. Grease hot muffin tins and fill half full. Bake about 20 minutes
in hot oven.


Popovers

    2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 eggs
    2 cups milk

Sift together flour and salt. Make a well in flour, break eggs into
well, add milk and stir until smooth. Pour into hot greased gem pans and
bake 25 to 35 minutes in very hot oven. If taken out of oven too soon
they will fall.


Graham Gems

    1 cup graham flour
    1 cup flour
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 cup milk
    1 egg
    2 tablespoons molasses or sugar
    3 tablespoons shortening

Mix together dry ingredients; add milk, beaten egg, molasses and melted
shortening. Bake in greased gem pans in hot oven about 25 minutes.


Green Corn Gems

    2 cups green corn put through food chopper
    1/4 cup milk, or 1/2 cup if corn is dry
    2 eggs
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper

To the corn add milk and well-beaten eggs; add flour, baking powder,
salt and pepper which have been sifted together; mix well. Drop into hot
greased gem pans. Bake in hot oven 20 to 25 minutes.


Fig Envelopes

    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons sugar
    2 teaspoons shortening
    2/3 cup milk
    1 cup chopped figs
    1 egg

Sift together flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add shortening and
mix in very lightly; add slowly enough milk to form soft dough. Dust
board with flour and roll out dough 1/4-inch thick, cut into squares and
on each piece put one tablespoon of fig; brush edges with cold milk;
fold like an envelope, and press edges together. Brush tops with egg
beaten with one tablespoon milk and one teaspoon sugar. Bake about 20
minutes in hot oven.


Sally Lunn

    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    3/4 cup milk
    2 eggs
    2 tablespoons shortening

Sift together flour, baking powder, salt and sugar; add milk,
well-beaten eggs and melted shortening; mix well. Bake in greased
shallow pan or muffin tins in moderate oven about 25 minutes.



Griddle Cakes and Waffles


Griddle cakes, as made today with Royal Baking Powder have become most
popular. Properly made they are delicious, healthful, appetizing and
nutritious.

The batter must be thin. The cakes should be small and not top
thick--about one-eighth inch when baked.

An iron frying pan may be used instead of griddle. In any case grease
only enough to keep the cakes from sticking. Turn only once.


Royal Hot Griddle Cakes

    2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    5 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1-1/2 cups milk
    2 tablespoons shortening

Mix and sift dry ingredients; add milk and melted shortening; beat well.
Bake on slightly greased hot griddle.


Griddle Cakes with Eggs

    1-3/4 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1-1/2 cups milk
    1 tablespoon shortening

Mix and sift dry ingredients; add beaten eggs, milk and melted
shortening; mix well. Bake on slightly greased hot griddle turning only
once.


Buckwheat Cakes

    2 cups buckwheat flour
    1 cup flour
    6 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1-1/2 teaspoons salt
    2-1/2 cups milk or milk and water
    1 tablespoon molasses
    1 tablespoon melted shortening

Sift together flours, baking powder and salt; add molasses and
shortening to liquid; beat well. Bake on hot slightly greased griddle
turning only once.


Corn Meal Griddle Cakes

    1-1/3 cups corn meal
    1-1/2 cups boiling water
    1 tablespoon shortening
    3/4 cup milk
    1 tablespoon molasses
    2/3 cup flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Scald corn meal with boiling water; add shortening, milk and molasses;
add flour, salt and baking powder which have been sifted together; mix
well. Bake on hot, slightly greased griddle turning once.


Rice Griddle Cakes

    1 cup boiled rice
    1 cup milk
    1 tablespoon shortening
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 egg
    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Mix rice, milk, melted shortening, salt and well-beaten egg; stir in
flour and baking powder which have been sifted together; mix well. Bake
on hot, slightly greased griddle turning only once.


French Pancakes

    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 eggs
    1 tablespoon sugar
    2 cups milk
    1/2 cup cream
    jam
    powdered sugar

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt. Add eggs which have been
beaten with the sugar, milk, and cream. Batter should be very thin. Heat
small frying pan in which a little butter has been melted. Pour in just
sufficient batter to cover bottom of pan. Cook over hot fire. Turn and
brown other side. Spread with jam and roll up. Sprinkle with powdered
sugar and serve hot.


Whole Wheat Hot Cakes

    2 cups whole wheat flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1-3/4 cups milk
    1 teaspoon molasses
    1 tablespoon melted shortening
    2 eggs

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; add milk, molasses, and
shortening to beaten eggs and add to dry ingredients; mix well. Bake on
hot, slightly greased griddle turning only once.


Waffles

    2 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    1-3/4 cups milk
    2 eggs
    1 tablespoon melted shortening

Sift flour, baking powder and salt together; add milk and shortening to
egg yolks, and add to dry ingredients; mix in beaten egg whites. Bake in
well greased hot waffle iron until brown; turn once. Serve hot with
butter and maple syrup.



Fritters


Fritters are served for luncheon, dinner or supper, as an entree, a
vegetable or a sweet, according to the ingredients used. The foundation
batter is much the same for all fritters, and with some additions the
first recipe given can be used for many varieties. By the use of Royal
Baking Powder, a fine fritter batter may be stirred up in a few minutes.

Fritters should be fried in deep fat, hot enough to brown a piece of
bread in 60 seconds.


Plain Fritter Batter

    1 cup flour
    1-1/2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 egg
    2/3 cup milk

Sift dry ingredients together; add beaten egg and milk; beat until
smooth.


Apple Fritters

    4 large apples
    2 tablespoons powdered sugar
    1 tablespoon lemon juice

Peel and core apples and cut into slices; add sugar and lemon juice. Dip
each slice into plain fritter batter. Fry light brown in deep fat. Drain
and sprinkle with powdered sugar.


Fruit Fritters

Fruits other than apples may be used in fritters by following the
directions for apple fritters. Canned whole fruits drained from syrup
may also, be used. Chop fruit (not too fine) and stir into plain fritter
batter. Drop by spoonfuls into deep hot fat, turning until brown. Drain
and sprinkle with powdered sugar.


Banana Fritters

    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 tablespoon powdered sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 egg
    1/4 cup milk
    1 tablespoon lemon juice
    3 bananas

Mix and sift dry ingredients. Add others in order. Force bananas through
sieve before adding. Beat thoroughly. Drop by spoonfuls into hot fat.
Drain and sprinkle with powdered sugar.


Corn Fritters

    1/2 cup milk
    2 cups cooked corn
    1-1/2 cups flour
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/3 teaspoon pepper
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 tablespoon melted shortening
    2 eggs

Add milk to corn; add flour sifted with salt, pepper and baking powder;
add shortening and beaten eggs; beat well. Fry by spoonfuls on hot
greased griddle or frying pan.

If fried in deep fat make batter stiffer by adding 1/2 cup flour and 1
teaspoon Royal Baking Powder.


Clam Fritters

    1-1/2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/3 teaspoon pepper
    1/3 teaspoon paprika
    1/2 cup milk or clam juice
    2 eggs
    1-1/2 teaspoons grated onion
    1 teaspoon melted shortening
    10 clams

Sift together dry ingredients; add liquid, beaten eggs, onion, and
shortening; rinse clams, put through meat chopper and add to batter.
Take one spoonful batter for each fritter and fry on hot greased griddle
or in deep fat.



Cake


In no department of cookery is Royal Baking Powder of more use and
importance than in making fine cake.

Where fewer eggs are used, increase the amount of Royal Baking Powder
about one teaspoon for each egg omitted.

If an unsalted shortening is used take slightly less and add a small
quantity of salt.

Sift flour before measuring.

The baking of cake is of primary importance. Regulate the oven before
putting materials together. See general suggestions, page 2.


Plain Cake

    1/4 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1 cup milk
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt

Cream shortening; add sugar slowly, add well beaten egg and flavoring;
sift together flour, baking powder and salt and add to mixture a little
at a time, alternately with milk. Bake in greased loaf, layer or patty
pans in moderate oven. May also be used hot for cottage pudding.


Sunshine Cake

    3 tablespoons shortening
    3/4 cup sugar
    yolks of 3 eggs
    1 teaspoon flavoring extract
    1-1/2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup milk

Cream shortening; add sugar gradually, and yolks of eggs which have been
beaten until thick; add flavoring; sift together flour and baking powder
and add alternately, a little at a time, with the milk to first mixture.
Bake in greased loaf pan in moderate oven 35 to 45 minutes. Cover with
white icing, page 16.

     _Note_--This is an excellent cake to make in combination with the
     following Three-Egg Angel Cake. Only three eggs are required for
     both.


Three-Egg Angel Cake

    1 cup sugar.
    1-1/3 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/3 teaspoon salt
    2/3 cup scalded milk
    1 teaspoon almond or vanilla extract
    whites of 3 eggs

METHOD I

Mix and sift first five ingredients four times. Add milk very slowly,
while still hot, beating continually; add vanilla; mix well and fold in
whites of eggs beaten until light. Turn into ungreased angel cake tin
and bake in very slow oven about 45 minutes. Remove from oven; invert
pan and allow to stand until cold. Cover with white or chocolate icing,
page 16.

METHOD II

Boil sugar with cold milk until thick and pour very slowly over whites
of eggs which have been beaten light with a wire whip. Fold in flour,
cream of tartar, salt and baking powder which have been sifted together
five times. With whip beat mixture with long strokes until very light;
add flavoring; put into ungreased angel cake tin in cold oven, turn on
heat and bake at very low temperature for 25 minutes. Raise temperature
slightly and bake 30 minutes longer or until thoroughly baked. Remove
from oven, invert pan and allow to stand until cold. Cover with white or
chocolate icing, page 16.


Angel Cake

    whites of 8 eggs
    1 teaspoon cream of tartar
    3/4 cup granulated sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    3/4 cup flour
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Whip whites of eggs to firm, stiff froth; add cream of tartar; fold
sugar in lightly; fold in flour which has been sifted four times with
baking powder and salt; add vanilla. Pour into ungreased pan and bake 45
to 50 minutes in moderate oven. Remove from oven; invert pan and allow
to stand until cold. Ice with either chocolate or white icing, page 16.


Spanish Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    1-3/4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon cinnamon
    1/2 cup milk

Cream shortening; add sugar and yolks of eggs; beat well; sift together
flour, baking powder and cinnamon and add alternately with milk; fold in
beaten whites of eggs. Bake in greased pan in moderate oven 35 to 40
minutes. Cover with boiled icing, page 16.


Bride's Cake

    1 cup shortening
    2 cups sugar
    1 teaspoon almond or vanilla extract
    3/4 cup milk
    3-1/2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    whites of six eggs

Beat shortening to a cream, adding sugar gradually; add flavoring
extract; beat until smooth. Add alternately a little at a time milk and
flour which has been sifted three times with baking powder. Beat whites
of eggs until dry, and add to batter, folding in very lightly without
beating. Bake in greased loaf pan in moderate oven about one hour.


Eggless, Milkless, Butterless Cake

    1 cup brown sugar
    1-1/4 cups water
    1 cup seeded raisins
    2 ounces citron, cut fine
    1/3 cup shortening
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon nutmeg
    1 teaspoon cinnamon
    2 cups flour
    5 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Boil sugar, water, fruit, shortening, salt and spices together in
saucepan 3 minutes; when cool, add flour and baking powder which have
been sifted together; mix well. Bake in greased loaf pan in moderate
oven about 45 minutes.


Chocolate Cake

    3 squares unsweetened chocolate
    2 tablespoons sugar
    1-1/2 tablespoons milk
    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    2/3 cup milk
    1-1/3 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt

Cook slowly until smooth first three ingredients. Cream shortening; add
sugar and beat well. Add yolks of eggs and beat again. Stir in chocolate
mixture and then add alternately the milk and flour which has been
sifted with the baking powder and salt. Fold in the beaten whites of
eggs. Bake in greased loaf pan in moderate oven 50 to 60 minutes. Cover
with white or chocolate icing, page 16.


Pound Cake

    1 cup butter
    1 cup sugar
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1 teaspoon lemon extract
    5 eggs
    2 cups flour
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    Reserve 2 egg whites for icing

Cream butter, add sugar slowly, beating well. Add flavoring and yolks of
eggs which have been beaten until pale yellow. Beat three egg whites
until light and add alternately a little at a time with the flour which
has been sifted with baking powder. Mix well and bake in greased loaf
pan in moderate oven about one hour. Cover with ornamental frosting,
page 16, made with the two remaining egg whites.


Rich Fruit Cake

    2 cups shortening
    2 cups sugar
    6 eggs
    4 cups seeded raisins
    4 cups currants
    4 cups flour
    1 cup shelled almonds
    2 tablespoons orange peel
    2 tablespoons lemon peel
    2 cups sliced citron
    1 cup grape juice
    2 teaspoons cinnamon
    1/2 teaspoon grated nutmeg
    1/2 teaspoon ground mace
    1/4 teaspoon allspice
    1/2 teaspoon cloves
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening and sugar together; add beaten egg yolks; add raisins
and currants, which have been washed, dried, and over which a cup and a
half of the flour has been sifted; blanch almonds and put through food
chopper with lemon and orange peel and add; slice citron very fine and
add; stir in grape juice and half of stiffly beaten whites of eggs; sift
together spices, salt, baking powder and flour and add; mix well and
fold in remaining whites; pour into two 12-inch pans which have been
lined with four layers of brown paper and bake in moderate oven one
hour; then cover with double layer of brown paper; put asbestos plates
underneath and continue baking about two hours longer.


Coffee Fruit Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup light brown sugar
    2 eggs
    1/4 cup strong coffee
    1/3 cup rich milk or cream
    1-3/4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 lb. raisins
    1/8 lb. sliced citron
    1/4 lb. figs, cut in strips

Cream shortening; add sugar; add egg yolks, coffee and milk; sift
together flour and baking powder and add slowly; add fruit, which has
been slightly floured, and fold in beaten whites of eggs. Bake in
greased loaf pan from 60 to 90 minutes.


Royal Date Cake

    1 cup boiling water
    1 lb. stoned and cut dates
    3/4 cup brown sugar
    2 tablespoons shortening
    1 square melted chocolate
    1 egg
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1-3/4 cups flour
    3/4 cup chopped pecan nuts

Pour boiling water over dates. Cream sugar and shortening; add chocolate
and beaten egg; mix well and add dates and water; sift baking powder,
salt and flour together; add gradually with pecan nuts. Bake in greased
loaf pan in slow oven one and a half hours.


Royal Cream Loaf Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    1 teaspoon lemon extract
    1/2 cup rich milk or thin cream
    1 cup flour
    1/2 cup corn starch
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening; add sugar slowly; add beaten yolks of eggs and
flavoring; add milk a little at a time; sift flour, corn starch and
baking powder together and add; fold in beaten whites of eggs. Bake in
greased loaf pan in moderate oven 35 to 45 minutes, and cover with
frosting, page 16.


Maple Nut Cake

    1/3 cup shortening
    1 cup light brown sugar
    2 eggs
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1/2 cup milk
    1-1/2 cups flour
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 cup chopped nuts--preferably pecans

Cream shortening, add sugar, egg yolks, flavoring and milk, and beat
well; add flour, salt and baking powder which have been sifted together,
and add chopped nuts; mix in beaten egg whites. Bake in greased loaf pan
in moderate oven 35 to 45 minutes. Cover top with maple icing page 17.
While still soft sprinkle with chopped nuts.


Soft Molasses Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    2/3 cup brown sugar
    1 egg
    1/2 cup molasses
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon allspice
    1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
    2/3 cup milk

Cream shortening. Add sugar slowly; beating continually; add beaten egg
and molasses; add half of flour, baking powder, salt and spices which
have been sifted together; mix and add milk and remainder of dry
ingredients. Mix well. Bake in greased shallow pan in moderate oven
about 40 minutes. Serve hot.


Fairmount Cake

    2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup shortening
    1-1/4 cups sugar
    1/2 cup milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    3 eggs
    1/2 cup fresh grated cocoanut

Sift flour and baking powder three times; beat shortening and sugar to a
cream; add milk and vanilla, then flour, a little at a time; beat until
smooth; add eggs one at a time, stirring and beating batter well after
each egg is added. Bake in greased loaf pan in moderate oven 1 hour.
Cover with boiled icing, page 16 and sprinkle with cocoanut.


Marble Cake

WHITE PART

    3 tablespoons shortening
    1/2 cup sugar
    1/2 teaspoon lemon extract
    1/2 cup milk
    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    white of 1 egg

Cream shortening; add sugar slowly; add flavoring and milk. Beat well
and add flour sifted with baking powder and salt. Mix in beaten egg
white.

DARK PART

    3 tablespoons shortening
    1/2 cup sugar
    yolk of 1 egg
    1/2 cup milk
    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon cloves
    1/2 teaspoon allspice
    1 teaspoon cinnamon
    2 tablespoons cocoa

Cream shortening; add sugar slowly; add egg yolk and mix well. Mix in
milk; add flour, baking powder, salt, spices and cocoa which have been
sifted together. Put this batter by spoonfuls and same amount of white
batter alternately into greased loaf pan but do not mix. Bake in
moderate oven about 45 minutes. Cover with white icing, page 16.


Marble Cake II

Make plain cake page 10; save one-third of batter and add to it 1-1/2
squares melted unsweetened chocolate. Drop by spoonfuls into white
batter after putting in pan. Bake in moderate oven about 45 minutes.


Feather Cocoanut Cake

    1-1/2 cups flour
    7/8 cup sugar
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2 tablespoons melted shortening
    1 egg
    1/2 cup milk
    1 teaspoon lemon extract
    1/2 cup fresh grated cocoanut

Sift flour, sugar and baking powder. Add shortening and beaten egg to
milk and add to dry ingredients. Mix well, add flavoring and cocoanut
and bake in greased loaf pan in moderate oven 35 to 45 minutes. Sprinkle
with powdered sugar, or ice with white icing, page 16 with grated
cocoanut sprinkled on top.


Chocolate Layer Cake

    1/3 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    1 cup milk
    1-3/4 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Cream shortening; add sugar gradually, beating well; add beaten egg,
one-half the milk and mix well; add one-half the flour which has been
sifted with salt and baking powder; add remainder of milk, then
remainder of flour and flavoring; beat after each addition. Bake in
greased layer cake tins in moderate oven 15 to 20 minutes.

CHOCOLATE FILLING AND ICING

    3 cups confectioner's sugar
    boiling water
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    2 ounces unsweetened chocolate
    1/2 teaspoon grated orange peel

To sugar add boiling water slowly to make a smooth paste; add vanilla,
melted chocolate and orange peel. Spread between layers and on top of
cake.


Orange Layer Cake

    1/3 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    2/3 cup milk
    1-3/4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Cream shortening; add sugar and egg yolks; mix well and add half the
milk; add half the flour which has been sifted with baking powder; mix
in flavoring, milk and remainder of flour. Bake in two greased layer
cake tins in moderate oven about 20 minutes.

ORANGE FILLING AND ICING

    whites of 2 eggs
    1-1/2 cups confectioner's sugar
    rind and soft pulp of 1 orange

Whip eggs to stiff froth; add sugar, a little at a time, until stiff
enough to spread. Whip in pulp and rind of orange. Orange coloring may
be added if desired.


White Layer Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup granulated sugar
    1/2 cup cold water
    2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    whites of 3 eggs
    1 teaspoon vanilla or almond extract

Cream shortening and sugar together until very light; add water slowly,
almost drop by drop, and beat constantly; stir in flour and baking
powder which have been sifted together twice; add flavoring; mix in egg
whites which have been beaten until stiff. Bake in two greased layer
cake tins in moderate oven 20 to 25 minutes. Put together with fresh
strawberry or maple filling, page 17.


Devil's Food Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2-1/2 ounces chocolate
    1/2 cup mashed potatoes
    1 egg
    3/8 cup milk
    1-1/4 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup chopped nuts
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Cream shortening; add sugar, melted chocolate and mashed potatoes; mix
well; add egg yolk, milk and flour and baking powder which have been
sifted together; beat well; add nuts, vanilla and beaten egg white; mix
thoroughly. Bake in greased shallow tin in moderate oven 25 to 35
minutes.

MARSHMALLOW ICING

    3/4 cup granulated sugar
    1/3 cup water
    6 or 8 marshmallows
    white of 1 egg
    few drops vanilla extract

Boil sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread; melt
marshmallows in syrup; pour slowly over beaten white of egg; add
flavoring and spread _very thickly_ over cake. Melt 2 ounces unsweetened
chocolate with one-half teaspoon butter and spread thin coating over
icing when cool.


Cream Layer Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1/2 cup milk
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt

Cream shortening and sugar together until light; add beaten egg yolks,
flavoring and milk slowly; sift flour and salt; add half, then half
beaten egg whites; add remainder of flour sifted with baking powder;
stir after each addition; fold in remaining egg whites. Bake in greased
layer cake tins in moderate oven 15 to 20 minutes. Put together with
cream filling and cover top and sides with white icing.

CREAM FILLING

    1 cup milk
    2 tablespoons corn starch
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons sugar
    1 egg
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Scald milk. Mix corn starch, salt and sugar with a little cold milk; add
to beaten egg; then add to hot milk. Cook about three minutes or until
thick and smooth; add flavoring, and spread between layers.


Cocoanut Layer Cake

    1/4 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1 egg
    1 cup milk
    2 cups flour
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening, add sugar slowly, add flavoring and beaten egg; add
milk; mix well; then add flour, salt and baking powder which have been
sifted together. Bake in three greased layer cake tins in moderate oven
12 to 15 minutes.

COCOANUT FILLING AND ICING

    1-1/2 cups granulated sugar
    1/2 cup water
    2 egg whites
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract, few drops lemon juice
    1 cup fresh grated cocoanut

Cook sugar and water slowly without stirring until syrup spins a thread;
pour slowly over beaten egg whites; beat until thick; add flavoring.
Spread between layers and on top of cake. While icing is soft sprinkle
thickly with cocoanut.


Maple Layer Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1/2 cup milk
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt

Cream shortening, and sugar; add egg yolks and flavoring; mix well; add
milk slowly, stirring until smooth; sift flour, baking powder and salt
together; add half to mixture, then half of beaten egg whites, then
remainder of flour (stirring after each addition); mix in balance of
whites. Bake in greased layer cake tins in moderate oven 12 to 15
minutes. For middle layer of chocolate, take 1-3 of batter of above
recipe and add 1 oz. melted chocolate. Put together with maple icing,
page 17.


Fruit Layer Cake

    1/3 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1 cup milk
    2 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt

Cream shortening well; add sugar; add yolk of egg and vanilla; mix well;
add milk, then flour, baking powder and salt which have been sifted
together; mix in beaten egg white. Bake in three greased layer tins in
hot oven about 15 minutes. Put cake together with fruit filling and
cover with white icing, page 16.

FRUIT FILLING

    1/2 cup fruit jelly
    1 cup water
    1/2 cup chopped raisins
    1/4 lb. chopped figs
    1/4 cup sugar
    2 tablespoons corn starch
    1/2 cup chopped blanched almonds or walnuts
    juice of 1/2 lemon

Cook jelly with water, fruit and sugar; add corn starch which has been
mixed with a little cold water. Cook until thick, remove from fire; add
nuts and lemon juice. Cool and spread between layers of cake.


Lady Baltimore Cake

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    whites of 3 eggs
    1/2 cup milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract or 1/2 teaspoon almond extract
    1-3/4 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening; add sugar and unbeaten white of one egg; add milk very
slowly, beating between each addition; add flavoring; add flour which
has been sifted with baking powder; lastly fold in beaten whites of 2
eggs. Bake in square greased layer tins in hot oven about 15 minutes.
Use following filling and cover top and sides of cake with white icing,
page 16.

FILLING

    1-1/2 cups sugar
    1/2 cup water
    whites of 2 eggs
    1/2 cup chopped seeded raisins
    1/2 cup chopped figs
    1 cup chopped blanched almonds or pecan nuts
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Boil sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread. Pour
syrup slowly over beaten eggs. Mix in fruit, nuts and flavoring. Spread
between layers of cake.


Sponge Cake

    6 eggs
    1 cup granulated sugar
    rind of half a lemon
    2 tablespoons lemon juice
    1 cup flour
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt

Beat egg yolks with wire whip until thick; add gradually sifted sugar,
then grated lemon rind, lemon juice and one-half beaten whites; mix
well; carefully fold in flour which has been sifted with baking powder
and salt; add remainder of whites, mix lightly and bake in ungreased
sponge cake tin in moderate oven 35 to 45 minutes. When cake shrinks
from pan remove from oven and turn upside down on cake cooler.


Royal Sponge Cake

    1 cup sugar
    1/2 cup water
    3 eggs
    1 cup flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon vanilla or lemon extract
    1/8 cup cold water

Boil sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread and add
slowly to beaten egg whites, beating until mixture is cold; sift
together three times, flour, salt and baking powder; beat egg yolks
until thick; add a little at a time, flour mixture and egg yolks,
alternately to white of egg mixture; add cold water and flavoring; mix
lightly. Bake in ungreased tin in moderate, oven about one hour.


Milk Sponge Cake

    2 eggs
    1 cup sugar
    6 tablespoons hot milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla or lemon extract
    1 cup flour
    1-1/2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt

Beat egg yolks until thick; add half the sugar, beating continually; add
hot milk, remainder of sugar and beaten egg whites; add flavoring; add
flour, salt and baking powder which have been sifted together. Bake in
ungreased tube pan in moderate oven about 25 minutes.


Coffee Spice Cake with Mocha Filling

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    1/2 cup strong coffee
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    2 teaspoons mixed spices

Cream shortening and sugar until light; add beaten egg yolks; add coffee
slowly; add half the flour sifted with baking powder, salt and spices;
mix well and add beaten egg whites; add remainder of flour and mix
lightly. Bake in greased layer cake tins in moderate oven 45 to 50
minutes. Spread layers and cover top with

MOCHA ICING AND FILLING

    1 tablespoon butter
    1 cup confectioner's sugar
    1 tablespoon cocoa
    2 tablespoons strong coffee
    1/4 teaspoon salt

Cream butter and sugar; add cocoa, coffee and salt and stir until
smooth. If too dry, add more coffee.



Icings and Fillings


Boiled Icing

    1 cup granulated sugar
    1/2 cup water
    white of 1 egg
    1/2 teaspoon flavoring extract
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder

Boil sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread; pour
very slowly over stiffly beaten egg white and beat until smooth; add
flavoring and baking powder; allow to stand few minutes before
spreading.


Frosting

    1 unbeaten egg white
    1-1/2 cups confectioner's sugar
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Put egg white into shallow dish; add sugar gradually, beating with wire
whip until of right consistency to spread; add vanilla and spread on
cake.


Ornamental Frosting

    1-1/2 cups granulated sugar
    1/2 cup water
    2 egg whites
    1 teaspoon flavoring extract
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder

Boil sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread; add
very slowly to beaten egg whites; add flavoring and baking powder and
beat until smooth and stiff enough to spread. Put over boiling water,
stirring continually until icing grates slightly on bottom of bowl.
Spread on cake saving a small portion of icing to ornament the edge of
cake. This can be forced through a pastry tube, or, through a
cornucopia, made from ordinary white letter paper.


White or Colored Icing

    1-1/2 cups confectioner's sugar
    2 tablespoons hot milk
    1/2 teaspoon butter
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Add butter to hot milk; add sugar slowly to make right consistency to
spread; add vanilla. Spread on cake.

For pink icing add one tablespoon strawberry or other fruit juice. For
yellow icing add one teaspoon egg yolk and flavor with orange rind and
one teaspoon lemon juice.


Seven Minute Icing

    1 unbeaten egg white
    7/8 cup granulated sugar
    3 tablespoons cold water

Place all ingredients in top of double boiler. Place over boiling water
and beat with beater for seven minutes. Add 1/2 teaspoon flavoring and
spread on cake.

For "Chocolate Icing" add to above 1-1/2 ounces melted unsweetened
chocolate.

For "Coffee Icing" add 3 tablespoons cold boiled coffee in place of
water.


Chocolate Filling and Icing

    whites of 2 eggs
    2 cups confectioner's sugar
    1-1/2 tablespoons milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    4 ounces chocolate
    1 teaspoon butter

Beat whites until stiff; add sugar slowly, beating well; add milk,
vanilla and chocolate which has been melted with butter; mix until
smooth. Spread on cake.


Old-Fashioned Chocolate Filling

    3 ounces melted chocolate
    3 tablespoons cream
    1 egg
    3/4 cup powdered sugar
    1 tablespoon corn starch
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Add melted chocolate and cream to beaten egg; mix in powdered sugar
gradually; add corn starch which has been mixed with a little cold
water; cook in top of double boiler, stirring constantly until smooth
and thick; add salt and vanilla. Spread between layers of cake.


Soft Icing

    2/3 cup light syrup
    1/3 cup granulated sugar
    2 tablespoons cold water
    whites of 2 eggs
    1 teaspoon corn starch
    1/2 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Boil syrup, sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread;
pour slowly into stiffly beaten egg whites and beat well. Add corn
starch, baking powder and flavoring, and mix until smooth.


Marshmallow Filling and Icing

    1-3/4 cups sugar
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup water
    1/2 cup marshmallows
    whites of 3 eggs

Mix sugar, salt and water, add marshmallows and boil until syrup spins a
thread, then add slowly to beaten egg whites; beat until firm enough to
spread.


Fruit Filling

    2 cups granulated sugar
    2/3 cup boiling water
    whites of 2 eggs
    1/4 cup chopped nuts
    1 cup mixed figs, raisins, citron, cherries and pine apple, cut fine

Boil sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread; beat
whites until dry; add syrup gradually, beating constantly; when cool add
nuts and fruit. Spread between layers of cake.


Fresh Strawberry Icing

Crush ten strawberries with a little sugar and few drops lemon juice and
let stand until juicy; mix in gradually three cups of confectioner's
sugar. Spread between layers and on top of cake.


Maple Icing. I

    1/2 teaspoon butter
    2 tablespoons hot milk
    1-1/2 cups confectioner's sugar
    1/2 teaspoon maple flavoring

Add butter to hot milk; add sugar slowly to make paste of the right
consistency to spread; add flavoring and spread on cake.


Maple Icing. II

    1 cup maple syrup
    whites of 2 eggs

Boil syrup without stirring until it spins a thread; add slowly to
stiffly beaten egg whites; beat with wire whip, preferably on platter,
until stiff enough to spread.


Orange Icing

    rind of 1 orange
    2 teaspoons lemon juice
    1 cup confectioner's or powdered sugar
    white of 1 egg

Grate orange rind and allow gratings to soak for some time in lemon
juice; stir juice, sugar and egg together and beat thoroughly. Spread on
warm cake.


Jelly Meringue

    white of 1 egg
    1/2 cup currant or other jelly

Put egg white and jelly together into bowl and beat with egg beater or
wire whip until stiff. Spread between layers or on top of cake.


Sea Foam Icing

     1 cup brown sugar
     1/3 cup water
     white of 1 egg
     1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder

Boil sugar and water without stirring until syrup spins a thread. Add
hot syrup slowly to beaten egg white, beating continually, preferably on
platter with wire whip. Add baking powder. When icing foams, put between
layers and on top of cake.


Cocoa Icing

    1 cup confectioner's sugar
    4 tablespoons cocoa
    1 egg white
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1 tablespoon cream
    1 teaspoon melted butter

Add sugar and cocoa slowly to beaten egg white. Then add vanilla, melted
butter and cream to make soft enough to spread on cake.


Brown Sugar Icing and Filling

    3 cups brown sugar
    1 cup milk
    1 tablespoon butter
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Cook sugar, milk and butter together until it forms a soft ball when
tested in cold water; add vanilla. Beat until thick and spread on cake.
Chopped nuts can be added if desired.


Butter Scotch Icing and Filling (Without Sugar)

    2 cups light syrup
    1/2 cup butter
    1/2 cup milk

Boil syrup, butter and milk together until it forms a soft ball when
tested in cold water. Cool slightly without stirring and pour while warm
on cake.

Chopped nuts may be added while icing is still soft.



Cookies and Small Cakes


Cocoa Drop Cakes

    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    1/2 cup milk
    1-3/4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup cocoa
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Cream shortening; add sugar and beaten egg; beat well and add milk
slowly; sift flour, baking powder, salt and cocoa into mixture; stir
until smooth; add vanilla. Put one tablespoon of batter into each
greased muffin tin and bake in moderate oven about 20 minutes. Cover
with boiled icing, page 16.

Or bake in shallow pan; cool, and before removing cut across diagonally
to make diamond-shaped pieces; cover with icing.


Raisin Drop Cakes

    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    2/3 cup milk
    1-3/4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1 cup raisins
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Cream shortening; add sugar; add beaten egg and milk very slowly; add
flour, baking powder and salt which have been sifted together; add
raisins which have been washed, drained and floured slightly; add
flavoring, mix well. Put a small amount of mixture into each greased
individual cake tin and bake in hot oven 15 to 20 minutes. Sprinkle with
powdered sugar, or cover with icing.


Orange Cakes

    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2/3 cup milk
    1 egg
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon orange extract
    grated rind of 1 orange

Cream shortening; add sugar slowly beating well; add milk a little at a
time; add beaten egg; sift flour, baking powder and salt together and
add to mixture; add flavoring and grated orange rind; mix well. Bake in
greased shallow tin, or individual cake tins, in hot oven 15 to 20
minutes. When cool cover with orange icing, page 17.


Spice Cakes

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup brown sugar
    1 egg
    1-3/4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
    1/4 teaspoon nutmeg
    1/4 teaspoon cloves
    1/2 cup milk
    1 cup chopped raisins

Cream shortening, add sugar and beaten egg; add flour, baking powder and
spices which have been sifted together; add milk and mix well; mix in
raisins which have been slightly floured. Bake in small greased tins in
moderate oven about 25 minutes.


Honey Drop Cakes

    1/3 cup shortening
    1/4 cup sugar
    1/2 cup honey
    1 egg
    1/2 tablespoon lemon juice
    1-1/2 cups flour
    1-1/2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening and add sugar slowly; add honey, beaten egg yolk and
lemon juice; mix well and add flour and baking powder which have been
sifted together; fold in beaten egg white. Put into greased individual
tins or drop far apart on greased baking sheet and bake in hot oven 10
to 15 minutes.


Molasses Cakes

    1 cup molasses
    1/2 cup sugar
    1/2 cup melted shortening
    1/2 cup boiling water
    3 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon soda
    2 teaspoons cinnamon
    1 teaspoon nutmeg
    1 teaspoon cloves
    1 cup stale bread crumbs

Mix molasses, sugar, shortening and boiling water together; add flour,
baking powder, salt, soda and spices which have been sifted together;
add bread crumbs; mix well. Drop by spoonfuls on greased baking sheet
and bake in moderate oven 10 to 12 minutes.


Small Fancy Cakes. I

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup granulated or powdered sugar
    yolks of 3 eggs
    1/2 cup milk
    2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening, add sugar slowly and beat well; add beaten egg yolks;
add milk a little at a time and flour which has been sifted with baking
powder; divide batter in half and add to one-half, one teaspoon lemon
juice and grated rind of half a lemon; to remainder of batter add two
ounces unsweetened melted chocolate, one teaspoon vanilla. Bake in
shallow greased pan or in small individual tins in hot oven about 15
minutes. If large pan is used, when cool, cut cakes into fancy shapes.
Cakes should be less than an inch thick when baked. Spread with colored
icing, page 16, or marshmallow icing, page 17.


Small Fancy Cakes. II

    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup granulated sugar
    2/3 cup water
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    2 cups flour
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    whites of 3 eggs

Cream shortening and sugar together until very light; add water very
slowly and beat constantly; add flavoring; stir in the flour, salt and
baking powder which have been sifted together twice; mix in beaten egg
whites. Put about a teaspoonful of batter into small individual cake
tins and bake in hot oven 10 to 15 minutes, or bake in shallow pan and
cut as in above recipe or diagonally across making small diamond shaped
pieces. Spread with any icing desired.


Cookies

    3/4 cup shortening
    2 cups sugar
    1/4 cup milk
    2 eggs
    1/4 teaspoon grated nutmeg
    1 teaspoon vanilla or grated
    rind of 1 lemon
    4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening and sugar together; add milk to beaten eggs and beat
again; add slowly to creamed shortening and sugar; add flavoring; add 2
cups flour sifted with baking powder and nutmeg; add enough more flour
to roll easily. Roll out very thin on floured board; cut with cookie
cutter; sprinkle with sugar; put a raisin or a piece of walnut in the
center of each. Bake about 12 minutes in hot oven.


Cocoa Cookies

    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1/4 cup milk
    1 egg
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup cocoa

Cream shortening and sugar together; add milk and beaten egg; mix well.
Sift flour, baking powder, cocoa and salt together and add. Roll out
1/4-inch thick on floured board; cut with cookie cutter. Bake in hot
oven about 12 minutes.


Cocoanut Cookies

    1/4 cup shortening
    1/2 cup sugar
    1 egg
    1/2 teaspoon lemon juice or extract
    1/2 cup milk
    1-1/2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    2 cups fresh grated cocoanut

Cream shortening; add sugar, beaten egg and lemon; mix in milk slowly;
add flour, baking powder and salt which have been sifted together; add
cocoanut. The batter should be quite stiff. Drop by small spoonfuls on
greased pan. Do not smooth over, but allow space for spreading. Bake in
moderate oven 15 to 20 minutes.


Filled Cookies

    1/3 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    1/2 cup milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    3-1/2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening; add sugar, beaten egg, milk and vanilla; add flour,
salt and baking powder, which have been sifted together. Roll out thin
on slightly floured board and cut with cookie cutter. Place one teaspoon
of filling on each cookie, cover with another cookie, press edges
together. Bake in moderate oven 12 to 15 minutes.

FILLING

    2 teaspoons flour
    1/2 cup sugar
    1/2 cup water
    1/2 cup chopped raisins
    1/2 cup chopped figs

Mix flour and sugar together; add water and fruit. Cook until thick,
being very careful not to burn.


Marshmallow Cookies

Follow recipe for cookies. Roll slightly thicker. After removing from
oven, cover with marshmallow icing, page 17.


Fudge Squares

    3 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    2 ounces melted unsweetened chocolate
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1/3 cup milk
    1 cup flour
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup nut meats chopped--not too fine

Melt shortening; add sugar and unbeaten egg; mix well; add chocolate,
vanilla and milk; add flour which has been sifted with baking powder and
salt; add nut meats, mix well. Spread thinly on greased shallow cake
pan, and bake in slow oven 20 to 30 minutes. Cut into 2-inch squares
before removing from pan.


Oatmeal Macaroons

    1 cup sugar.
    1 tablespoon melted shortening
    2 eggs
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    2-1/2 cups rolled oats
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Cream sugar with shortening; add egg yolks, salt and rolled oats; add
baking powder, beaten egg whites and vanilla; mix thoroughly. Drop on
greased tins about half teaspoon to each macaroon allowing space for
spreading. Bake about 10 minutes in moderate oven.


Hermits

    6 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup brown sugar
    1 egg
    1/2 cup milk
    1-1/2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon cloves
    1 teaspoon allspice
    1 teaspoon cinnamon
    1 cup chopped seeded raisins
    2 tablespoons chopped citron

Cream shortening; add sugar and beaten egg; mix well; add milk very
slowly; sift flour, baking powder, salt and spices together and add
slowly; add fruit dredged with flour. Drop from spoon on greased tins
and bake in moderate oven 15 minutes.


Nut Bars

    1/2 cup shortening
    1-1/2 cups sugar
    2 eggs
    4 tablespoons milk
    4 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup chopped blanched almonds

Cream shortening and sugar together; add beaten yolk of one egg; add
beaten whites of two eggs and three tablespoons milk; mix well. Sift
together flour, baking powder and salt and add, mixing well. Roll half
of dough at a time 1/4-inch thick on floured board; cut into bars 1 by 3
inches. Brush with yolk of remaining egg mixed with one tablespoon milk
and sprinkle with chopped nuts. Bake in moderate oven about 15 minutes.



Fruit Shortcakes


Although strawberries are generally used, other fruits such as
raspberries, blackberries, loganberries, bananas, peaches and oranges,
and even stewed or canned fruit, can be substituted and make delicious
short cakes.


Old-Fashioned Shortcake

    2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons sugar
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    3 tablespoons shortening
    3/4 cup milk
    1 quart berries

Sift dry ingredients; mix in shortening; add milk to make soft dough;
smooth out lightly. Bake in greased deep layer cake tin in hot oven 20
to 25 minutes. Split, butter and spread sweetened crushed berries or
other fruit between layers.


Strawberry Shortcake

    2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons sugar
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    3 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg
    1/2 cup milk

Sift dry ingredients, mix in shortening; add beaten egg to milk and add
to dry ingredients to make soft dough. Smooth one half of dough out
lightly. Put into greased deep layer tin; spread with butter; cover with
other half of dough which has also been smoothed out to fit pan. Bake in
hot oven 20 to 25 minutes. Split while hot and spread crushed and
sweetened berries and whipped cream between layers; cover top with
whipped cream and whole berries. Dust with powdered sugar and serve.


Royal Strawberry Cake

    1 cup sugar
    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 egg
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1 cup milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1/2 pint heavy cream
    1 quart strawberries

Cream sugar and shortening together; add beaten egg; add part of flour,
baking powder and salt which have been sifted together, then part of
milk; mix well and add remainder of flour; mix in remainder of milk and
flavoring. Bake in shallow greased pan in moderate oven 20 to 30
minutes. When cold split in half and spread whipped cream and crushed
sweetened strawberries between layers. Cover top with whipped cream and
whole strawberries.



Doughnuts


These old-fashioned "fried cakes," as sometimes called, need the
addition of Royal Baking Powder to make them light, tender and
digestible. The fat should be in a deep kettle, and hot enough to brown
a piece of bread in 60 seconds or the doughnuts will absorb grease.


Doughnuts

    3 tablespoons shortening
    2/3 cup sugar
    1 egg
    2/3 cup milk
    1 teaspoon nutmeg
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    3 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Cream shortening; add sugar and beaten egg; stir in milk; add nutmeg,
salt, flour and baking powder which have been sifted together and enough
additional flour to make dough stiff enough to roll. Roll out on floured
board to about 1/4-inch thick; cut out. Fry in deep fat hot enough to
brown a piece of bread in 60 seconds. Drain on unglazed paper and
sprinkle with powdered sugar.


Afternoon Tea doughnuts

    2 eggs
    6 tablespoons sugar
    3/4 teaspoon salt
    1/4 teaspoon grated nutmeg
    2 tablespoons melted shortening
    6 tablespoons milk
    2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Beat eggs until very light; add sugar, salt, nutmeg, shortening and
milk; add flour and baking powder which have been sifted together; mix
well. Drop by teaspoonfuls into deep hot fat and fry until brown. Drain
well on unglazed paper and sprinkle with powdered sugar.


Crullers

    4 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    2 eggs
    3 cups flour
    1 teaspoon cinnamon
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    5/8 cup milk

Cream shortening; add gradually sugar and beaten eggs; sift together
flour, cinnamon, salt and baking powder; add one-half and mix well; add
milk and remainder of dry ingredients to make soft dough. Roll out on
floured board to about 1/2 inch thick and cut into strips about 4 inches
long and 1/2 inch wide; roll in hands and twist each strip bringing ends
together. Fry in deep fat. Drain and roll in powdered sugar.



Puddings and Other Desserts


Baked Custard

    4 eggs
    1/2 cup sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1 quart milk

Beat eggs, sugar, salt and vanilla together; scald milk and add very
slowly, stirring constantly. Put into greased baking dish or small
molds; place in pan of water in slow oven and bake 30 to 40 minutes.
Test with knife which will come out clean when custard is baked.

For Caramel Custard add to eggs 4 tablespoons Caramel Sauce, page
26.


Rice Pudding

    1 cup rice
    1-1/2 quarts milk
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 cup sugar
    1 cup seeded raisins
    grated orange rind

Wash rice with several waters; put into pudding dish; add milk, salt,
orange rind and sugar and bake in slow oven about 1-1/2 hours or until
thick, stirring several times during baking; add raisins, and bake 20
minutes longer.


Cottage Pudding

    1 cup flour
    1/2 cup sugar
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup milk
    1 egg
    2 tablespoons melted shortening

Sift together flour, sugar, salt and baking powder; add milk, beaten egg
and shortening; beat well and bake in greased pan in hot oven about 20
minutes. Serve with lemon, chocolate or other sauce.


Tapioca Pudding

    1/2 cup pearl tapioca or 3 tablespoons minute tapioca
    1 quart milk
    1 teaspoon melted butter
    6 tablespoons sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    2 eggs
    1 teaspoon vanilla or lemon extract

Soak tapioca in cold water one hour; drain; add milk and butter, and
cook in double boiler until tapioca is transparent. Add sugar and salt
to beaten eggs and combine by pouring hot mixture slowly on eggs. Return
to double boiler and cook until thick. Add flavoring and serve hot or
cold with cream.


Poor Man's Pudding

    1/2 cup chopped suet
    1/2 cup seeded raisins
    1/2 cup currants
    1-1/2 cups grated bread
    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup brown sugar
    2 cups milk

Mix ingredients in order given; beat well. Put into greased mold; place
in covered saucepan with boiling water half way up sides of mold. Steam
2 hours. Turn out carefully. Serve with hard or other sauce, page
25.


Apple Cake

    1-1/2 cups flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons shortening
    1/2 cup milk
    4 or 5 apples
    1/2 cup sugar
    1 teaspoon cinnamon

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; rub in shortening very
lightly; add milk and mix. Place dough on floured board and pat out 1/2
inch thick. Put into shallow greased pan. Wash, pare, core and cut
apples into sections; press them into dough; sprinkle with sugar and
dust with cinnamon. Bake in moderate oven 30 minutes or until apples are
tender and brown. Serve warm with milk or cream.


Apple Dumplings

    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    3 tablespoons shortening
    1/2 cup milk
    4 apples
    4 tablespoons sugar
    2 teaspoons butter
    1 teaspoon cinnamon

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; rub shortening in lightly;
add just enough milk to make a dough. Roll out 1/8 inch thick on floured
board; divide into four parts; lay on each part an apple which has been
washed, pared, cored and sliced; put one teaspoon sugar with 1/4
teaspoon butter on each; wet edges of dough with cold water and fold
around apple, pressing tightly together. Place in pan, sprinkle with
little cinnamon, remainder of sugar and put 1/4 teaspoon butter on each
dumpling. Bake about 40 minutes in moderate oven. Serve with hard sauce,
page 25.

Peach dumplings may be made in the same way.


Apple Roll

    4 medium sized apples
    1-1/2 cups sugar
    2 cups water

Peel, core and chop apples fine. Cook sugar and water in baking pan over
slow fire. While cooking make rich biscuit dough (see strawberry
shortcake, page 21). Roll out about 1/2-inch thick, spread with
apples and roll into a long roll; cut into pieces about 1-1/2 or 2
inches long; place with cut side down in hot syrup; sprinkle with
cinnamon and sugar and put small piece of butter on top of each. Bake in
hot oven until apples are done and crust golden brown. Turn out on
platter. Serve with plain or whipped cream. Peaches or other fruit may
be used in place of apples.


Meringues

    whites of 3 eggs
    1-1/4 cups granulated sugar
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract

Beat whites of eggs until stiff and dry; add gradually two-thirds of
sugar, and continue beating until mixture holds shape; fold in remaining
sugar sifted with baking powder; add vanilla. Drop by spoonfuls on
unglazed paper and bake in moderate oven 30 minutes. Increase heat and
bake 30 minutes longer. Remove any soft part from center of meringues
and return to oven to dry out, after turning off heat. Use two meringues
for each serving and put together with ice cream or with sweetened
whipped cream and crushed raspberries or strawberries.


Banana Cake with Jelly Sauce

    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2 tablespoons sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    3/4 cup milk
    1 egg
    4 bananas

Sift together the flour, baking powder, sugar and salt; add milk and
beaten egg; mix well. Peel and scrape bananas; cut in halves,
lengthwise, then across. Pour batter into greased shallow pan, place
bananas on top and sprinkle with sugar. Bake in moderate oven 15
minutes. Serve with

JELLY SAUCE

    1 cup water
    2 tablespoons jelly
    1 tablespoon sugar
    1 teaspoon corn starch

Put water into saucepan; bring to a boil; add jelly and sugar; stir
until dissolved; add corn starch wet with a little cold water; boil 3
minutes.


Charlotte Russe

    1 pint cream
    1/4 cup powdered sugar
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Mix ingredients. Have very cold and whip to stiff froth. Line dish with
sponge cake or lady fingers, fill with whipped cream and serve cold.


Boston Cream Pie

    2 eggs
    1 cup flour
    1-1/2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    3/4 cup sugar
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup boiling milk
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Add beaten egg yolks to stiffly beaten whites and gradually add flour,
baking powder, sugar and salt which have been sifted together three or
four times; add hot milk very slowly; add vanilla. Bake in deep layer
cake tin in moderate oven about 35 minutes. When cool, split and put
between layers the following cream filling. Sprinkle powdered sugar on
top of cake.

CREAM FILLING

    1/2 cup sugar
    2 tablespoons corn starch
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    2 eggs
    1 cup scalded milk
    1 teaspoon butter
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Mix sugar, corn starch, salt and beaten eggs; pour on gradually scalded
milk; add butter; cook in double boiler until thick and smooth, stirring
constantly; add flavoring; cool and spread between layers of cake.


Blueberry Cake

    3 tablespoons shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    3/4 cup milk
    1-3/4 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1-1/2 cups floured blueberries

Cream shortening; add sugar, beaten egg and milk; sift flour and baking
powder and add; stir in blueberries. Bake in very shallow greased pan in
moderate oven 25 to 30 minutes. Serve hot with or without butter.


Chocolate Blanc Mange

    4 tablespoons corn starch
    3/4 cup sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 quart milk
    3 ounces unsweetened chocolate
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Mix corn starch, sugar and salt together with a little of the cold milk.
Put remainder of milk on to scald with chocolate, which has been cut
into small pieces. As soon as chocolate is dissolved, stir in the corn
starch mixture. Cook until thick and smooth, stirring constantly. Set
over hot water and cook about 20 minutes longer. Add flavoring; pour
into a mold which has been wet in cold water. Chill, and serve cold with
sweetened whipped cream.


Floating Island

    1 quart milk
    4 eggs
    4 tablespoons sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup currant jelly
    2 teaspoons vanilla or almond extract

Scald milk; beat egg yolks; stir in sugar and salt; add hot milk
gradually, mixing well. Cook slowly in saucepan until mixture begins to
thicken, stirring continually. Cool, flavor and put into dish. Make
meringue of whites whipped until dry, and into which jelly has been
beaten, a teaspoon at a time, and heap on top; or drop meringue by
spoonfuls on top of custard and put small pieces of jelly in center of
each. Chill and serve.


Huckleberry or Blueberry Float

    1 cup berries
    3 tablespoons sugar
    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon shortening
    1/2 cup milk

Pick over and wash berries; put into small saucepan with half cup of
water, and bring quickly to boil; add sugar and boil 5 minutes. Sift
flour, baking powder and salt; mix in shortening very lightly; add milk
slowly. Take a teaspoonful at a time in floured hands and roll into
balls. Place on floured pie tin; brush with cold milk and bake about 12
minutes in hot oven. While warm break in half; butter each biscuit; put
into dish and pour berries over. Serve hot with hard sauce.


Christmas Plum Pudding

    2 cups ground suet
    2 cups bread crumbs
    2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    2 cups sugar
    2 cups seeded raisins
    2 cups currants
    1 cup finely cut citron
    1 cup finely cut figs
    1 tablespoon finely cut orange peel
    1 tablespoon finely cut lemon peel
    1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
    1 teaspoon ground ginger
    1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
    1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
    1/4 teaspoon ground mace
    1 tablespoon salt
    1 cup water
    1 cup grape or other fruit juice

Mix thoroughly all dry ingredients and add fruit; stir in water and
fruit juice and mix thoroughly. Add more water if necessary to make
stiff dough. Fill greased molds 2/3 full, and steam five or six hours.
This pudding should be prepared and cooked a week or more before used.
Before serving steam one hour and serve with hard, lemon or foamy sauce.


Cream Puffs

    1 cup boiling water
    1/2 cup shortening
    1 cup flour
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    3 eggs
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder

Heat water and shortening in saucepan until it boils up well; add all at
once flour sifted with salt and stir vigorously. Remove from fire as
soon as mixed, cool, and mix in unbeaten eggs, one at a time; add baking
powder; mix and drop by spoonfuls 1-1/2 inches apart on greased tin;
shape into circular form with wet spoon. Bake about 25 minutes in hot
oven. Cut with sharp knife near base to admit filling.

CREAM FILLING

    1 cup sugar
    1/3 cup corn starch
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1 egg
    2 cups scalded milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Mix dry ingredients; add slightly beaten egg and stir into this
gradually the scalded milk. Cook about 15 minutes in double boiler,
stirring constantly until thickened. Cool slightly and flavor.

Sweetened whipped cream may be used instead of this filling.


Steamed Fig Pudding

    1/4 cup shortening
    1 cup sugar
    1 egg
    1 cup milk
    2 cups flour
    4 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla or lemon extract
    1-1/2 cups chopped figs

Cream shortening; add sugar slowly and beaten egg; add milk; mix well;
add flour, baking powder and salt, which have been sifted together; add
flavoring and figs. Pour into greased pudding mold and steam for two
hours. Serve with foamy sauce.


Prune Puff

    4 eggs
    1/2 cup powdered sugar
    1 cup cooked prunes

Whip egg whites to stiff froth; add sugar slowly, beating continually;
add prunes which have been stoned and chopped; whip until very light.
Bake in pudding dish in moderate oven about 10 minutes. Serve cold with
soft custard made from yolks of eggs (see recipe for Floating Island,
page 24).

Other soft fruits may be used in the same way served hot with sauce or
whipped cream.


Lemon Jelly

    1 cup sugar
    1-1/2 cups water
    1 tablespoon granulated gelatine
    1/4 cup lemon juice

Boil sugar and water two or three minutes; add gelatine which has been
soaked in two tablespoons cold water, stirring constantly; add lemon
juice. Chill in mold which has been dipped in cold water and serve.

Fruit may be molded in the jelly by chilling part of mixture, adding
fruit, then jelly; chilling and so on until mold is filled.


Jelly Roll

    1 cup sugar
    1-1/2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    2 eggs
    4 tablespoons hot water
    currant or other jelly

Sift dry ingredients; stir in beaten eggs; add hot water slowly; beat
until smooth; pour into large well greased pan. Batter should be spread
very thin and not more than 1/4 inch thick when baked. Bake in moderate
oven 8 to 10 minutes. Turn out on sheet of brown paper; beat jelly with
fork and spread on cake. With sharp knife trim off all crusty edges and
roll up while still warm by lifting one side of paper. To keep roll
perfectly round, wrap in slightly damp cloth until cool. Sprinkle with
powdered sugar.



Pudding Sauces


Hard Sauce

    1/2 cup butter
    1 cup powdered sugar
    1/2 teaspoon flavoring extract

Cream butter until very light; add sugar very slowly, beating until
light and creamy. Add flavoring and beat again.


Foamy Sauce

    6 tablespoons butter
    1 cup powdered sugar
    3 eggs
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    2 tablespoons boiling water

Cream butter; add sugar slowly, beating continually; beat egg yolks
until thick and add gradually; beat well; add stiffly beaten egg whites,
flavoring and water. Before serving, heat over boiling water five
minutes, stirring constantly.


Chocolate Sauce

    1 ounce unsweetened chocolate
    1 tablespoon butter
    1/3 cup boiling water
    1 cup sugar
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Melt chocolate in top of double boiler. Add butter and when mixed pour
water on slowly, stirring constantly, then add sugar. Bring to boiling
point and boil about fifteen minutes, add vanilla, and serve hot.


Maple Sauce

    1 cup sugar
    1 cup water
    1 tablespoon lemon juice
    1 tablespoon maple flavoring
    1 teaspoon corn starch

Heat half the sugar in frying pan; stir continually; when brown add
water and boil; add remainder of sugar, corn starch mixed with a little
cold water, lemon juice and maple flavoring; boil 3 minutes. Serve hot.


Lemon or Orange Sauce

    1 cup water
    2 tablespoons lemon or orange juice
    2 tablespoons sugar
    1 teaspoons corn starch

Boil water, sugar and corn starch mixed with little cold water. Boil 5
minutes and add fruit juice and 1 tablespoon caramel if dark color is
desired.


Fruit Sauce

    1/3 cup butter
    1 cup fresh strawberries, raspberries or canned fruit drained from
      syrup
    1 cup powdered sugar
    1 egg white

Cream butter; add sugar gradually; add egg beaten until stiff and beat
well; add slowly fruit which has been carefully prepared and mashed.
Beat until creamy.


Caramel Sauce

    2 cups granulated sugar
    5 cups boiling water

Melt sugar in saucepan and heat, stirring constantly until golden brown;
add boiling water. Cook three minutes.



Pastry and Pies


A pinch of salt and a little Royal Baking Powder make pastry light,
flaky and more digestible.

Pastry should rise in baking to double its thickness, and be in light
flaky layers. The novice must learn to handle it lightly and as little
as possible in rolling and turning. It is important to have all
materials and utensils cold.

Pastry is better if allowed to stand in the icebox several hours before
using.


Plain Pastry

    2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 cup shortening
    cold water

Sift together flour, salt and baking powder; add shortening and rub in
very lightly with tips of fingers. Add cold water very slowly, enough to
hold dough together (do not work or knead dough and handle as little as
possible). Divide in halves; roll out one part thin on floured board,
and use for bottom crust. After pie is filled roll out other part for
top. Cover pie; press edges together; trim off pastry and bake.


Rich Pastry

    2 cups pastry flour
    1/2 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2/3 cup shortening
    cold water

Sift flour, baking powder and salt; add one-half shortening and rub in
lightly with fingers; add water slowly until of right consistency to
roll out. Divide in halves; roll out one half thin; put on in small
pieces half remaining shortening; fold upper and lower edges in to
center; fold sides in to center; fold sides to center again; roll out
thin and put loosely over pie plate, bringing paste well over edge of
plate; trim off edges. Repeat with other half for top crust.


Apple Pie

    1-1/2 cups flour
    1-1/2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/3 cup shortening
    cold water
    4 apples or 1 quart sliced apples
    4 tablespoons sugar
    1 tablespoon butter

Sift flour, baking powder and salt; add shortening and rub in very
lightly; add just enough water to hold dough together. Roll half out on
floured board, line bottom of pie plate; fill in apples, which have been
washed, pared and cut into thin slices; sprinkle with sugar, and small
pieces of butter; flavor with cinnamon or nutmeg; wet edges of crust
with cold water; roll out remainder of pastry; cover pie, pressing edges
tightly together, trim off extra pastry; prick top, and bake in moderate
oven 30 minutes.


Lemon Meringue Pie

    2 cups water
    3 tablespoons corn starch
    2 tablespoons flour
    1 cup sugar
    3 eggs
    4 tablespoons lemon juice
    1 teaspoon grated lemon rind
    1 teaspoon salt

Line pie plate loosely with pastry and bake about 10 minutes or until
very light brown. Put water on to boil; mix corn starch, flour and sugar
with 1/2 cup cold water until smooth; add egg yolks; mix well and add
slowly to boiling water. Cook 5 minutes, stirring constantly; add lemon
juice, rind and salt. Pour into baked crust. Beat egg whites; add 3
tablespoons sugar and spread thickly over top of pie. Dust with sugar
and brown in very slow oven.


Strawberry Pie

    1 cup flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    4 tablespoons shortening
    1/4 cup cold water
    1 quart strawberries

Sift dry ingredients together; rub in shortening very lightly with
finger tips; add water slowly to make a stiff dough. Roll out on floured
board and use for bottom crust of pie, being careful to fold the paste
well over the edge of pie plate. Bake in hot oven 12 to 15 minutes.

If glazed crust is desired, brush edges after baking with boiling hot
syrup (2 tablespoons syrup and 1 tablespoon water) and return to oven
for 1 or 2 minutes until syrup hardens. Fill the baked crust with fresh
selected hulled strawberries and cover with syrup made as follows:

Add 1/2 cup sugar and 1/2 cup strawberries to 2 cups boiling water;
bring to a boil and strain; add 1 tablespoon corn starch which has been
mixed with little cold water. Cook over hot fire for a minute or two,
stirring constantly; remove from fire and beat hard; return to slow
fire, cook very gently until thick. Pour while hot over strawberries.
Serve either hot or cold.


Mince Pie

Mince Pie should always be made with two crusts. Line pie plate with
paste, page 26, fill with mince meat, cover with paste and bake in
hot oven 25 minutes.

Mince Meat

    2 lbs. fresh lean beef, boiled and chopped fine when cold
    1 lb. suet chopped very fine
    5 lbs. chopped apples
    1 lb. seeded raisins
    2 lbs. currants
    3/4 lb. sliced citron
    1-1/2 teaspoons cinnamon
    1 grated nutmeg
    2 tablespoons ground mace
    1 tablespoon ground cloves
    1 tablespoon allspice
    1 tablespoon fine salt
    2-1/2 lbs. brown sugar
    1 qt. sherry or 1 qt. boiled cider
    1 pt. brandy

Mix all ingredients thoroughly. Pack in jars. Store in cold, dry place.
Allow to stand 24 hours before using.


Custard Pie

    3 eggs
    3/4 cup sugar
    1 teaspoon salt
    2 cups milk
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Beat eggs; add sugar, salt and scalded milk slowly. Line pie plate with
paste, page 26, pour in custard. Bake in moderate oven 25 to 30 minutes.
The custard is baked when a knife put in center comes out dry.

Cocoanut Pie is made the same way, adding 1 cup fresh grated cocoanut,
and using only 2 eggs. Bake as above.


Pumpkin Pie

    2 cups stewed and strained pumpkin
    2 cups rich milk or cream
    3/4 cup brown or granulated sugar
    2 eggs
    1/4 teaspoon ginger
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon cinnamon

Mix pumpkin with milk, sugar, beaten eggs, ginger, salt, cinnamon, and
beat 2 minutes. Pour into pie tin which has been lined with pastry.
Place in hot oven for fifteen minutes, then reduce heat and bake 45
minutes in moderate oven.


Rhubarb Pie

    2 cups rhubarb
    1 cup sugar
    1 tablespoon corn starch or flour
    1/4 teaspoon salt

Cut off root, stem ends and peel; cut into small pieces; put into deep
pie plate which has been lined with paste, page 26, sprinkle with
corn starch, salt and sugar. Cover with paste and bake in hot oven about
one-half hour.


Berry Pies

    3 cups blueberries, huckleberries, or blackberries
    2/3 cup sugar
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon flour
    1 teaspoon butter

Line a pie plate with plain paste, page 26, fill heaping with
berries; dredge with flour, salt and sugar; dot with small pieces of
butter; cover with top crust or strips of pastry across top. Bake about
45 minutes in moderate oven.

Other fruit pies can be made in the same way.


Cherry Tarts

    1-1/2 cups flour
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    6 tablespoons shortening
    1/3 cup cold water
    1 quart pitted cherries

Sift dry ingredients together; rub in shortening very lightly with
fingertips; add water slowly, just enough to make stiff dough; roll out
very thin on floured board and line patty pans, being very careful to
have pastry come well over the edges of pans. Bake in hot oven about 12
or 15 minutes. Fill with cherries. Cover with hot syrup made as for
strawberry pie, page 27, using 1/2 cup juice from the cherries
instead of strawberries.

Other fruit can be used in place of cherries.



Frozen Desserts


How to Freeze

Scald can, cover and dasher, adjust can in freezer; put in dasher; pour
in the mixture to be frozen and fasten cover (the can should never be
more than 3/4 full); adjust crank and turn once or twice. Fill space
around can to within an inch of top with ice and salt (three parts
crushed ice to one part salt), packing hard. Turn slowly at first,
increasing speed when mixture begins to stiffen. Add more ice and salt
as required. When mixture is very firm, wipe off cover, open can and
remove dasher; scrape frozen mixture from dasher and sides of can, and
pack down solidly; cover with paper and replace can cover. Put cork in
opening in cover. Pour off salt water if there is danger of its getting
into the can. Fill up over top of can with ice and salt (four parts ice
to one part salt). Cover freezer with heavy blanket and keep in cool
place until ready to serve.


Philadelphia Ice Cream

    1 quart cream
    1 cup sugar
    1 tablespoon vanilla extract

Scald half pint of cream; add sugar and stir until dissolved. Cool and
add remainder of cream and vanilla. Freeze as above.


Strawberry Ice Cream

Add to Philadelphia Ice Cream before freezing one quart of berries which
have been washed, hulled, crushed and slightly sweetened.


Chocolate Ice Cream

Melt 2 ounces unsweetened chocolate with half pint cream and proceed as
for Philadelphia Ice Cream.


French Ice Cream

    1 cup milk
    yolks of 4 eggs
    1 cup sugar
    1/8 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon vanilla extract
    1 quart cream

Scald milk and add to beaten egg yolks; add sugar, salt, vanilla and
cream which has been whipped. Freeze as above.


Frozen Pudding

    3 cups milk
    3 eggs
    1 cup sugar
    1 tablespoon corn starch
    1 cup chopped mixed fruit

Scald milk in double boiler. Mix corn starch with a little cold milk;
add beaten eggs, sugar and a few grains of salt; mix well and add slowly
to scalded milk, stirring until it thickens. Cool and add fruit, which
has been put through food chopper. The fruit is a matter of taste. It
may be 2 tablespoons raisins, 1 tablespoon citron, 1 tablespoon
cherries, 1 tablespoon blanched almonds and 1 tablespoon candied
pineapple. Freeze, but not too stiff; put into mold and pack in ice and
salt until ready to serve.


Grape Sherbet

    1 pint grape juice
    1 cup sugar
    1 quart milk

Warm grape juice, and in it dissolve sugar; mix thoroughly with ice cold
milk; freeze at once. This makes a lilac colored sherbet.


Lemon Sherbet

    juice of 3 lemons
    1-1/2 cups sugar
    1 quart milk

Mix juice and sugar, stirring constantly while slowly adding very cold
milk. If added too rapidly, mixture will curdle. However, this does not
affect quality. Freeze and serve.


Orange Water Ice

    juice of 6 oranges
    2 teaspoons orange extract
    juice of 1 lemon
    1 quart water
    2 cups powdered sugar
    1/2 cup cream

Mix all ingredients together; strain and freeze.


Strawberry Mousse

    1 box strawberries
    1 cup sugar
    1/4 box or 1 tablespoon granulated gelatine
    2 tablespoons cold water
    3 tablespoons boiling water
    1 quart cream

Wash and hull berries, sprinkle with sugar and let stand one hour; mash
and rub through fine sieve; add gelatine which has been soaked in cold
water and dissolved in the boiling water. Set in pan of ice water and
stir until it begins to thicken; fold in whipped cream. Put into mold,
cover, pack in salt and ice, 1 part salt, 3 parts ice; allow to stand 4
hours. Raspberries or peaches or shredded pineapple may be used instead
of strawberries.



Soups


Soup stock is the liquid in which bones, cooked or uncooked meat and
vegetables have been boiled.

Gravies and browned pieces of meat are often added to the soup kettle
for color and flavoring.

The stock should be strained, quickly cooled and all fat removed.

A great variety of soups may be made by adding to any soup stock,
previously cooked macaroni, spaghetti, vermicelli noodles or vegetables.

Cream soups are made with a cream sauce foundation to which is added the
strained pulp of vegetables or fish.


Brown Soup Stock

    6 lbs. shin of beef
    3 to 6 quarts cold water
    1 bay leaf
    6 cloves
    1 tablespoon mixed herbs
    2 sprigs parsley
    1/2 cup carrot
    1/2 cup turnip
    1/2 cup celery
    1/2 cup onion

Wipe beef and cut lean meat into inch cubes; brown one-third in hot
frying pan; put remaining two-thirds with bone and fat into soup kettle;
add water and allow to stand 30 minutes. Place on back of range; add
browned meat and heat gradually to boiling point. Cover and cook slowly
six hours; add vegetables and seasoning one hour before it is finished.
Strain and put away to cool. Remove all fat; reheat and serve.


Bean Soup

    2 cups beans
    2 tablespoons finely cut onion
    2 tablespoons finely cut bacon
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    2 tablespoons chopped parsley
    1 teaspoon thyme
    3 tablespoons flour

Soak beans in water over night. Drain and put into saucepan with six
cups boiling water and boil slowly two hours or until soft; add onion
and bacon which have been fried light brown; boil five minutes; add
salt, pepper, parsley and thyme. Mash beans with back of spoon and add
flour which has been mixed with a little cold water; boil five minutes
and serve.


Cream Soups

This is the foundation or sauce for many fish and vegetable cream soups.

    1 quart milk
    1 tablespoon butter
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon white pepper
    2 tablespoons flour
    1 cup boiling water

Scald milk and add butter and seasoning; thicken with flour, which has
been mixed with little cold water. Thin with boiling water and boil two
minutes.

For pea soup boil and mash 1 pint green peas and add to sauce.

For cream of celery boil 1 pint cut celery until tender; rub through
sieve, add to milk, and proceed as above.

For potato soup boil and mash 6 large potatoes, stir into milk, proceed
as above, and strain. Just before serving stir in a tablespoon chopped
parsley.

For corn soup add to sauce a can of corn or corn cut from 6 ears boiled
fresh corn, 1 tablespoon sugar, and boil 15 minutes. Strain and serve.

For cream of fish soup add to milk about one pound of boiled fish, which
has been put through sieve and proceed as above.


Creole Soup

    1/4 cup rice
    1/2 cup cut onion
    2 tablespoons bacon drippings
    2 cups tomatoes
    2 teaspoons salt
    1 teaspoon sugar
    1/8 teaspoon paprika
    1 tablespoon cut parsley

Wash rice, add 3 cups boiling water and boil 30 minutes. Cook onions in
pan with drippings until tender, but not brown; add tomatoes and boil 10
minutes; rub through strainer into boiled rice and water; add seasoning
and sprinkle with parsley. Add a little chopped green pepper if desired.


Cream of Tomato Soup

    1 quart tomatoes
    1/4 teaspoon soda
    4 tablespoons butter
    4 tablespoons flour
    1 quart milk
    1 tablespoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon pepper

Stew tomatoes slowly one-half hour. In the meantime, melt butter, stir
in flour and cook over low flame, adding milk slowly; add seasoning.
Strain tomatoes; add soda; stir into sauce and serve immediately.


Onion Soup

    2 cups finely chopped onion
    2 tablespoons butter or bacon drippings
    4 cups rice water or vegetable stock
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon white pepper
    1/8 teaspoon paprika
    2 tablespoons chopped parsley

Cook onions and butter or drippings in covered saucepan, shaking pan
often. When onions are tender add rice water or stock; boil 5 minutes;
add seasoning and chopped parsley.



Fish


When a fish is fresh the flesh is firm and the gills are a bright pink.

To clean: Hold fish by the tail and with a sharp knife scrape off scales
toward the head; wipe with damp cloth; slit underside; carefully remove
entrails; wash with cold water, removing all clots of blood from
backbone.

Always cook fish thoroughly.


Broiled Fish

Clean, wash, and split, removing backbone and fins along the edge. Very
large fish should be cut into slices. Dry with cheesecloth; season with
salt and pepper. Cook on well-greased broiler, from 10 to 20 minutes,
turning once. Remove to hot platter; add melted butter and sprinkle with
chopped parsley; garnish with slices of lemon and serve.


Baked Fish

Prepare as for "Broiled fish." Brush pan with drippings; place fish,
skin side down; dust with salt, pepper and flour; pour over 2
tablespoons melted butter and 1/2 cup milk. Bake in hot oven 20 to 25
minutes or until brown. Remove to hot platter, sprinkle with chopped
parsley and serve.


Fried Fish

Clean, removing head and tail, unless fish are small; wash with cold
water and dry with cheesecloth; dust with salt, pepper and flour on both
sides. Heat one tablespoon bacon drippings or other fat in heavy pan
over hot fire. Put in fish; brown quickly on both sides; reduce heat and
fry 5 to 10 minutes longer. Serve with chopped parsley and lemon or
sauce tartare.


Planked Fish

Prepare as for "Broiled fish." Heat plank, brush with drippings and dust
with salt and pepper. Place fish, skin side down, doubling thin part so
that it will not burn. The oven must be hot before putting in plank;
cook 20 minutes; reduce to moderate heat and leave in oven 10 to 20
minutes longer. Melt 1 tablespoon butter, add 1 teaspoon salt, 1/8
teaspoon pepper, and pour over fish. Garnish with potato roses, lemon
and parsley and serve on the plank.


Codfish Balls

    1 cup salt codfish
    2 cups potatoes, cut into cubes or small pieces
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1/2 tablespoon butter
    1 egg

Pick over, wash and shred fish into small pieces. Put potatoes into deep
saucepan; cover with cold water; add fish and boil until potatoes are
soft. Take off fire; drain well; beat up with wire whip or fork until
light and all lumps are out of potatoes; add seasoning, butter and
slightly beaten egg. Drop by spoonfuls into deep fat, hot enough to
brown a piece of bread in 40 seconds and fry until golden brown. Drain
on brown paper and serve immediately.


Fish Chowder

    2 or 3 slices salt pork
    6 medium-sized potatoes
    1 small onion
    3 lbs. fresh fish
    2 quarts milk
    2 teaspoons salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper

Cut pork in dice pieces; fry crisp, and turn into chowder kettle. Pare
and cut potatoes into pieces. Peel and chop onion fine. Put potatoes
into kettle with part of onion. Cut fish into convenient pieces; and lay
over potatoes; sprinkle over with rest of onion; add seasoning and
enough water to come to top of fish; cover closely and cook until
potatoes are soft; add milk and let it scald up again. Pilot bread or
crackers, split and soaked, may be added just before last boiling. If
milk is not available a smaller quantity of water may be used.


Boiled Lobsters or Crabs

The lobster should be purchased alive and plunged into boiling Water in
which a good proportion of salt has been mixed. Continue to boil
according to size about 20 minutes. Crabs should be boiled in the same
manner, but only a little more than half the time is necessary.

To open a boiled lobster, wipe off shell, break off large claws;
separate tail from body; take body from shell, leaving "lady" or
stomach, on shell. Save green fat and coral; remove small claws; remove
woolly gills and discard, break body through middle and pick out meat
from joints. Cut with sharp scissors through length of under side of
tail, draw meat from shell. Draw back flesh on upper end and pull off
intestinal cord and discard. Break large claws and remove meat.


Creamed Oysters

To each 30 oysters use 1 cup thin Cream Sauce, page 35. Drain
oysters, saving liquor for soup, put into shallow pan over quick fire
and cook about one minute or until edges curl, stirring constantly, and
add to sauce.

Or put on oysters with 1 tablespoon butter; add 1 tablespoon flour which
has been mixed with a little cold water; add 1/2 cup milk, 1/2 teaspoon
salt and 1/8 teaspoon pepper. Worcestershire sauce may be added if
desired. Boil 1 minute and serve on thin squares of toasted bread;
garnish with parsley.


Scalloped Oysters

    25 oysters
    2 cups bread crumbs
    1/4 cup milk
    2 tablespoons butter
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/4 teaspoon pepper

Grease dish and cover bottom with bread crumbs, then lay oysters in
carefully; season and cover with bread crumbs; pour over milk and cover
top with butter. Bake in hot oven 15 to 20 minutes.


Fried Oysters

Wash and drain oysters. Season with salt and pepper, dip in flour, egg
and then bread or cracker crumbs. Fry in hot fat until golden brown.
Drain well and garnish with lemon and parsley.


Clam Chowder

    25 clams
    6 potatoes
    1 onion
    1/8 lb. finely cut salt pork
    2 teaspoons salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1 quart milk

Chop hard parts of clams. Slice potatoes and onion thin. Put pork into
kettle and cook a short time; add potatoes, onion, seasoning and juice
of clams. Cook 2-1/2 hours; then add clams. Boil 15 minutes and just
before serving add hot milk.


Shell Fish a la Newburg

    2 cups finely cut shrimp, scallops, lobster, or crab meat
    2 tablespoons butter
    1 tablespoon flour
    1 cup milk
    2 hard boiled eggs
    1 teaspoon salt
    cayenne pepper to taste
    1/4 teaspoon paprika
    1/4 cup sherry

If canned fish is used cover with cold water 20 minutes and drain. Melt
butter in saucepan; add flour and stir until smooth; add cold milk
slowly; boil until thick. Rub egg yolks through strainer and add,
stirring until smooth; add seasoning, and finely chopped egg whites; add
fish; put all in top of double boiler over fire for 15 minutes; add
sherry and serve immediately.



Meats


Roasting

Wipe meat with damp cloth. Trim and tie into shape if necessary. Put
some pieces of fat in bottom of pan, and season meat with salt and
pepper. Have oven very hot at first and when meat is half done reduce
heat. Baste every 10 to 15 minutes. If there is danger of fat in pan
being scorched add a little boiling water. Roast from 10 to 15 minutes
for each pound of meat, as it is desired rare or well done.


Broiling

The rules for roasting meat apply to broiling, except that instead of
cooking it in the oven it is to be quickly browned, first on one side
and then on the other, over hot coals or directly under a gas flame,
turning every minute until done. Meat an inch and one-half thick will
broil in 8 to 15 minutes. Season after it is cooked.


Pan Broiling or Frying

Put meat to be broiled or fried in very hot frying pan, with very little
or no fat. Turn every few minutes until cooked. Season and serve
immediately. Steaks and chops may be pan-broiled without any fat in the
pan. For thin gravy pour a little boiling water into pan after meat is
taken out.


Boiling and Stewing

Fresh meat for boiling should be put into boiling water and boiled hard
for about 5 minutes; reduce heat and boil gently about 20 minutes for
each pound, salt and spices may be added for seasoning. A little vinegar
put into the water with tough meat makes it tender. The broth of boiled
meat should always be saved for soups, stews or gravies. Salt meats
should be put in cold water, which as soon as it boils should be
replaced by fresh cold water, repeating if necessary until meat has
palatable flavor when done. Salted and smoked meats require about 30
minutes slow boiling, to each pound. Vegetables and herbs may be boiled
with them to flavor. When cooked keep hot until required, if they are to
be served hot; if they are to be served cold, cool in liquor in which
they were boiled. Very salt meats, or those much dried in smoking,
should be soaked over night in cold water.


Pot Roasting

Tough cuts of meat may be first browned in fat, then half covered with
boiling water and cooked slowly either in oven or in iron kettle on top
of stove. This method requires long, slow cooking.


Stew with Dumplings

    2 pounds lean beef, mutton or veal
    1 quart potatoes
    2 cups cut carrots
    2 cups cut onions
    1 cup tomatoes
    1 tablespoon salt
    1/4 teaspoon pepper
    1 tablespoon flour
    2 tablespoons chopped parsley

Wipe meat, cut into small pieces, put in kettle, cover with boiling
water and boil slowly 1-1/2 hours; add carrots and onions; boil 15
minutes, then add potatoes, salt, pepper and tomatoes; add boiling
water, if needed to cover vegetables; boil 30 minutes. Add dumplings and
boil 10 minutes without lifting cover. Put meat and vegetables on
platter with dumplings around edge. Add flour which has been mixed with
a little cold water; boil 3 minutes; pour over stew and sprinkle with
parsley.

DUMPLINGS

    1 cup flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1 teaspoon shortening
    cold water

Sift flour, baking powder and salt; rub in shortening lightly with
fingers; add enough water to make dough hold together. Drop by spoonfuls
into stew.


Liver and Bacon

Have liver cut in thin slices; wash, drain, dry and roll in flour. Put
bacon thinly sliced into very hot frying pan; turn until brown and
transfer to hot platter. Fry liver quickly in the hot bacon drippings,
turning often. When done put on platter with bacon. Pour off all but 1
or 2 tablespoons fat, add 1 to 2 tablespoons flour, and stir until
brown. Add hot water gradually to make smooth gravy, season and boil 1
minute.


Roast Lamb

Wipe meat with damp cloth. Put one or two thin slices of onion on top;
season with salt and pepper. Put into roasting pan in hot oven and roast
for about one hour and a quarter. Reduce the heat after lamb has been
roasting about 20 minutes. Serve on hot platter with brown gravy or mint
sauce.


Roast Stuffed Shoulder of Lamb with Browned Potatoes

    3-1/2 or 4 pounds shoulder of lamb

DRESSING

    2 cups stale bread crumbs
    1 tablespoon finely cut onion
    1 tablespoon drippings
    1 tablespoon chopped parsley
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper

Wipe lamb with damp cloth; fill pocket with dressing and sew up. Put
into hot oven for 20 minutes. When well browned, season with salt and
pepper, add 1 cup cold water and roast 45 minutes; add 1 quart white
potatoes, which have been washed, pared and boiled, and roast until
potatoes are brown. Remove to platter. Add water to pan to make 2 cups
of gravy. Thicken gravy by adding 1 tablespoon flour mixed with a little
cold water, season and cook until smooth.


Pot Roast of Beef with Browned Potatoes

Wipe beef with cloth, put into iron kettle or frying pan and brown well
on all sides. Add 2 tablespoons cut onion, 1 tablespoon salt, 1/4
teaspoon pepper and 2 cups boiling water; and boil slowly 1-3/4 hours;
add water as it boils away, 1 cup at a time. After adding potatoes, boil
30 minutes. Place meat and potatoes on hot platter. Add 1 tablespoon
flour mixed with a little cold water to gravy and boil. Pour over meat
and sprinkle with chopped parsley. Carrots cut in small pieces may be
added with potatoes.


Baked Veal with Tomato Sauce

    1 thin veal cutlet
    1 teaspoon drippings
    1 teaspoon chopped onion
    1 teaspoon chopped parsley
    1/2 cup bread crumbs
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper

Trim edge of cutlet and spread on board or platter. Fry onion in
drippings until tender; add bread crumbs and parsley mixed with enough
water to hold them together; spread on cutlet and roll; tie in three or
four places. Dust with salt, pepper and flour. Place in pan; add 1/2 cup
hot water. Roast in hot oven 35 to 45 minutes, adding water if needed.
Remove to hot platter; pour tomato sauce around meat and garnish with
parsley.


Veal Cutlet

Cutlet may be cooked whole or cut into pieces for serving. Dust with
salt, pepper and flour; dip in 1 egg beaten with 1 tablespoon milk, then
in bread crumbs. Brown on both sides in shallow fat in hot frying pan.
Add boiling water to cover; season and cook slowly for 1 hour. Thicken
gravy with 1 tablespoon flour mixed with a little cold water.


Roast Loin of Pork

Wipe pork with damp cloth. Put into pan in very hot oven for 20 minutes,
or until well browned, then add 1 teaspoon salt, 1/8 teaspoon pepper and
1 cup cold water. Roast slowly 3 to 4 hours. Add water as necessary. To
gravy, add 1 tablespoon flour mixed with cold water, season and boil
until thick.


Apple Sauce

Wipe, pare and quarter sour apples; remove seeds and core; put into
saucepan and add cold water to almost cover. Cook slowly until soft. Add
about 1/2 cup sugar for each quart of apples. Cook a few minutes longer;
remove from fire; add little lemon peel and serve either hot or cold.


Baked Ham

Wash and scrub ham in warm water; soak over night. Whether a whole or
half ham, put on to boil with cold water enough to cover; boil slowly 4
to 5 hours or until tender, allowing about 30 minutes to the pound. Cool
in water in which it was boiled; remove skin carefully; put in pan;
cover with 1 cup brown sugar and 1 teaspoon pepper; add 2 cups cold
water; bake in very hot oven 45 to 60 minutes; baste often. When brown
add 1 cup cider or 1/2 cup vinegar and thicken with 2 tablespoons
flour.


Creamed Sweetbreads

Lay sweetbreads in cold water with a little salt for 1 hour. Drain, put
into saucepan, cover with boiling water and boil very slowly 25 minutes;
drain and when cool separate and remove all membrane. Cut into small
pieces and reheat in Cream Sauce, page 35.



Poultry


How to Clean

Singe fowl over free flame. Cut off head just below bill. Untie feet,
break bone and loosen sinews just below joint; pull out sinews and cut
off feet. Cut out oil sac. Lay breast down, make small slit from
backbone toward head; loosen windpipe and crop and pull out. Push back
skin from neck and cut off neck close to body. Make slit below end of
breastbone, put in fingers, loosen intestines from backbone, take firm
grasp of gizzard and draw all out. Cut around vent so that intestines
are unbroken. Remove heart, lungs and kidneys, wash inside and out with
cold water, then wipe dry with cloth. Cut through thick fleshy part of
gizzard and remove inside heavy skin without breaking, then cut away
gristly part so that only thick fleshy part is used.


Roast Poultry

After poultry is cleaned and washed inside and out with cold water, fill
inside with dressing. Have at least a yard fine twine in trussing
needle. Turn wings across back so that pinions touch. Run needle through
thick part of wing under bone, through body and wing on other side;
return in same way, but passing needle in over bone, tie firmly, leaving
several inches of twine. Press legs up against body, run needle through
thigh, body and second thigh, return, going round bone in same way; tie
firmly. Run needle through ends of legs, return, passing needle through
rump; if opening is badly torn, one or two stitches may be needed; if
steel skewers are used put one through wings of fowl and other through
opposite thigh. Then wind twine in figure eight from one handle of
skewer to other. Rub all over with soft butter and season. Place on rack
in roasting pan and put into very hot oven. Make basting mixture with
1/2 cup each of butter and water; keep hot and baste every 10 or 15
minutes. Roast 3 hours for 8 pound turkey, 1 to 1-1/2 hours for chicken
and ducks 3 to 4 pounds. If bird is very large and heavy, cover breasts
and legs with several thicknesses of paper to keep from burning.


Poultry Dressing

    2 cups stale bread
    1 tablespoon finely cut onion
    1 tablespoon drippings
    1 tablespoon finely cut parsley
    1/2 tablespoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1/4 teaspoon paprika
    powdered sage if desired

Soak bread in cold water 5 minutes and press out all water. Put
drippings and onion into pan and cook slowly, stirring constantly, until
onion is tender but not brown. Add bread, parsley and seasoning and mix
well together.


Oyster Dressing

    20 oysters
    2 tablespoons butter
    4 cups bread crumbs
    1/2 tablespoon salt
    1/4 teaspoon pepper
    1 tablespoon chopped parsley

Drain and rinse oysters with cold water. Put butter in saucepan with
oysters and bring to boiling point; add bread crumbs, seasoning and
parsley; mix carefully, so that oysters will not be broken.


Giblet Gravy

Boil neck, gizzard and wing tips together until tender. Pour off excess
of fat in pan in which poultry has been roasted; add enough stock from
the gizzard and neck to make 3 cups of gravy. Chop gizzard, liver and
heart and add; then add 1 teaspoon finely cut onion, 1 teaspoon salt,
1/8 teaspoon pepper, 2 tablespoons flour mixed with a little cold water.
Boil 3 minutes.


Fricassee of Chicken

Prepare and cut up as for fried chicken. Put into saucepan with just
enough boiling water to cover; add a teaspoon salt, a little pepper and,
if desired, a teaspoon of onion juice. Boil slowly 2 hours or until
tender; add a little water from time to time, as it boils away. Thicken
with a tablespoon flour mixed with a little cold water and add a
tablespoon of finely chopped parsley. Serve with border of hot boiled
rice or dumplings.


Fried Chicken

Singe, wash and clean chicken; cut into pieces as follows: two second
joints, two drumsticks, two wings, breast cut into two pieces, backbone
cut into four pieces. Wipe with damp cloth; sprinkle with salt and
pepper; dredge in flour. Put into frying pan with 2 tablespoons bacon
drippings or half drippings and half butter and brown quickly. Add a
little water, cover, reduce heat and fry slowly on both sides. Remove
chicken; mix 1 tablespoon flour with whatever gravy or fat is in pan;
add 1 cup cold milk or water; boil until thick.


Chicken Pie

Singe, draw and clean a 4-lb. chicken as usual. Disjoint, cut the breast
into four pieces, cut the thigh and leg apart. Save the neck, wing tips,
heart, gizzard and liver for soup. Put on the rest with enough boiling
water to cover; cook 2 hours.

Add 2 quarts washed, pared and diced white potatoes. Cook 20 minutes, or
until the potatoes are tender. Add 1 tablespoon salt, 1/4 teaspoon
pepper, 1 tablespoon chopped parsley and 2 tablespoons flour mixed with
a little cold water. Boil 3 minutes. Pour all into dish, cover with rich
pastry. Bake 20 minutes in moderate oven.

PASTRY

Sift together 1 cup flour, 2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder, 1 teaspoon
salt; rub in very lightly 4 tablespoons shortening; add just enough cold
water to make a stiff dough. Roll out on floured board and put over top
of pie.


Roast Goose, Bread and Apple Dressing

Wipe inside with damp cloth, and season with salt and pepper; put in
dressing and sew up. Push back skin and cut off neck. In the skin put 2
apples, which have been pared and quartered; tie the skin. Put in pan
breastbone up; dust with salt, pepper and flour. Place in hot oven; when
browned baste with 2 cups cold water; turn breast side down and roast 2
hours, basting three or four times with cold water. Ten minutes before
serving turn breast side up. Remove fat and make gravy as directed for
Roast Poultry.

APPLE DRESSING

    1 tablespoon drippings
    2 tablespoons chopped onions
    1 quart finely chopped apples
    4 cups stale bread crumbs
    1 egg
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon grated nutmeg
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1/8 teaspoon paprika
    2 tablespoons chopped parsley

Put drippings and onion into frying pan, cook a few minutes and add
apples. Cover bread with cold water a few minutes, remove and press out
all water. Put into pan; add seasoning and beaten egg and parsley. Mix
well until thoroughly cooked.



Fish, Meat and Vegetable Sauces


Thin Cream Sauce

    1 tablespoon butter
    1 tablespoon flour
    1 cup milk or cream
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon white pepper

Melt butter in saucepan, add flour and mix well; add cold milk slowly,
stirring until smooth and creamy; add salt and pepper and boil about 3
minutes.


Thick Cream Sauce

    2 tablespoons butter
    2-1/2 tablespoons flour
    1 cup milk or cream
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon white pepper

Make as directed for Thin Cream Sauce.


Tomato Sauce

    3 slices bacon cut into small pieces
    1 slice onion--chopped
    2 tablespoons flour
    1-1/2 cups strained tomatoes
    1 tablespoon chopped green peppers
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    few gratings of nutmeg
    cayenne

Put bacon into saucepan, add onion and brown slightly. Add flour,
tomatoes which have been heated, and stir until thick and smooth. Add
seasoning and peppers.


Bechamel Sauce

    1 tablespoon butter
    1 tablespoon flour
    1/2 cup thin cream
    1/2 cup white stock--chicken or veal
    salt and pepper

Melt butter in saucepan; stir in flour; reduce heat; add seasoning and
liquid, stirring until smooth.


Egg Sauce (For Fish)

    1 cup white sauce
    2 chopped hard-boiled eggs
    1 tablespoon chopped parsley
    1 teaspoon lemon juice or vinegar

Add eggs, parsley and lemon juice to white sauce after removing from
fire.


Brown Sauce or Gravy

    1 tablespoon butter or fat in which meat was cooked
    1 tablespoon flour
    1 cup beef stock or boiling water
    salt and pepper

Brown butter in saucepan; add flour and brown; add liquid and stir until
smooth and thick. Season to taste and simmer 5 minutes.


Currant Jelly Sauce

    1/2 glass currant jelly
    1 cup hot brown sauce

Melt jelly over slow fire. Add sauce; stir well and simmer one minute.


Hollandaise Sauce

    1/2 cup butter
    2 beaten egg yolks
    1 tablespoon lemon juice
    salt
    cayenne
    1/2 cup boiling water

Cream butter; add gradually, stirring well, egg yolks, lemon juice, salt
and cayenne; add boiling water slowly. Stir over boiling water till
thick as boiled custard. Serve immediately.


Sauce Tartare

Make 1 cup mayonnaise, page 41. Chop very fine 1 tablespoon each of
capers, olives, pickles and parsley. Press in a cloth till quite dry.
Blend gradually with the mayonnaise.


Maitre D'Hotel Butter

    2 tablespoons butter
    1 tablespoon lemon juice
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon white pepper
    1 tablespoon chopped parsley

Cream butter; add gradually lemon juice, seasoning and parsley. Keep
cold until served.


Mint Sauce

    1/4 cup chopped mint leaves
    1/2 cup vinegar
    1/4 cup water
    1/4 cup brown or granulated sugar

Cook all ingredients in saucepan over very slow fire for about one-half
hour. Do not allow to boil. Serve hot.


Horse-Radish Sauce

    2 tablespoons butter
    2 tablespoons grated fresh horse-radish
    1 tablespoon very thick cream
    1/2 teaspoon lemon juice

Cream butter; add horse-radish, cream and lemon juice. Keep very cold.


Cranberry Sauce

    1 quart cranberries
    2 cups sugar
    1 cup water

Put all together into saucepan. Cover until it boils. Remove cover and
cook about 10 minutes or until berries have all burst. Pour into mold,
chill and serve.

For Cranberry Jelly strain and put into mold and chill.



Eggs


Boiled Eggs

Drop into boiling water and boil 3 to 3-1/2 minutes for soft boiled, 12
to 20 minutes for hard boiled; or place eggs in boiling water, cover,
and cook over moderate heat without boiling from 8 to 10 minutes for
soft, 20 to 40 minutes for hard cooked.


Poached Eggs

Break eggs and drop carefully one at a time into boiling water in
shallow greased frying pan. Cook slowly until eggs are set. Remove each
with skimmer and serve on toast garnished with parsley.


Poached Eggs in Cream

Put half cup of cream sauce into shallow baking dish. Open eggs
carefully and place on sauce. Cook over boiling water from 10 to 15
minutes or until eggs are set or as firm as desired. Cover with half cup
of cream sauce, sprinkle with chopped parsley and dust with paprika and
serve.


Scrambled Eggs

Break eggs into bowl, season with salt and pepper and pour into hot
frying pan in which butter has been melted. Cook over slow fire and as
eggs thicken stir until cooked. If desired eggs may be beaten with milk,
cream or water and cooked in same way.


Scalloped Eggs with Ham

    4 hard-cooked eggs
    2 cups cold boiled ham chopped fine
    1 cup cream sauce
    2 cups bread crumbs
    2 tablespoons milk

Cut eggs into slices; cover bottom of greased baking dish with one-third
of bread crumbs; then add in layers eggs, ham, cream sauce, crumbs,
being sure to save bread crumbs to cover top. Add milk and bake in
moderate oven 20 minutes.


Plain Omelet

Beat 3 eggs with 3 tablespoons milk; add 1/2 teaspoon salt and 1/8
teaspoon pepper, and mix. Melt 1 teaspoon fat in hot frying pan; pour in
eggs; lift edges of omelet, allowing thin portions to run underneath,
shaking pan until egg is set; when brown underneath, fold over and serve
on hot platter.


Puffy Omelet

    4 eggs
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/3 teaspoon pepper
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 tablespoon corn starch
    1/2 cup milk or half milk and half water

Separate eggs; mix salt, pepper, baking powder, corn starch and milk
with yolks of eggs. Beat whites until light though not dry and mix in
well with yolks. Put into greased hot frying pan and cook slowly until
well puffed up. Dry out in oven, fold over in half and serve immediately
on hot platter. If desired serve with tomato sauce, page 35 added before
omelet is folded.


Fancy Omelets

A great variety of omelets can be made by either mixing chopped
vegetables, fruits, meats, or shellfish with plain omelet before
cooking, or folding them in after cooking.



Croquettes


Salmon Croquettes

    1 cup cooked salmon
    1 tablespoon butter
    1 tablespoon flour
    1/2 cup milk
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1 teaspoon lemon juice

Make a cream sauce with the butter, flour and milk. Put salmon into bowl
and add the sauce, lemon juice and seasoning; mix with fork until salmon
is well broken. Set aside and when cold mold into desired shapes; roll
in bread crumbs, then in egg beaten with 1 tablespoon cold milk, then in
bread crumbs. Fry in deep hot fat.


Rice Croquettes

    1 cup rice
    2 eggs
    3 tablespoons milk
    1 teaspoon salt
    1 tablespoon sugar
    1 tablespoon butter
    1 teaspoon chopped parsley

Wash rice several times and boil with 2 quarts boiling water 30 minutes.
Drain well and put into top of double boiler. Add 1 egg beaten with 2
tablespoons milk, salt, sugar, butter and parsley; cook until egg
thickens. Cool and shape into cones, balls or oval cakes. Dip into egg
beaten up with 1 tablespoon milk. Roll in bread crumbs and fry in deep
hot fat until brown.


Nut and Potato Croquettes

    2 cups hot riced potatoes
    1/4 cup cream or milk
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    few grains cayenne
    yolk of 1 egg
    1/3 cup chopped pecan nut meats
    1/2 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder

Mix all ingredients with fork until light. Shape as for croquettes. Roll
in bread crumbs. Dip in egg which has been mixed with a little cold
water. Roll in bread crumbs again and fry in deep hot fat until brown.
Drain on unglazed paper and serve.


Chicken Croquettes

    2 tablespoons butter
    2 tablespoons flour
    1 cup milk
    2 teaspoons salt
    1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
    1/8 teaspoon paprika
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1 tablespoon chopped parsley
    2 cups chopped chicken
    2 eggs

Melt butter in saucepan; add flour and cold milk slowly, stirring until
smooth and creamy; add seasoning and parsley. Boil 3 minutes. Add
chicken; mix well and pour out on platter to cool. When cool enough to
handle take a large spoon of the mixture in floured hands; shape into
balls, cones or oval cakes and put into cold place until firm. Roll in
bread crumbs, then in eggs beaten with 2 tablespoons cold milk, then in
bread crumbs. Fry in deep hot fat, and drain on brown paper.



Luncheon Dishes


Chicken Patties

    2 tablespoons butter
    2 tablespoons flour
    1 cup chicken stock
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    few grains cayenne pepper
    1 cup cold diced chicken

Melt butter in saucepan; stir in flour; add chicken stock; season and
bring to a boil; add chicken and cook slowly 5 minutes. Fill patty
shells and serve at once.

ROYAL PATTY SHELLS

    2 cups flour
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    4 tablespoons shortening
    ice water

Sift flour, baking powder and salt together; add shortening and rub in
very lightly with tips of fingers; add very slowly enough water to make
stiff dough. Roll out thin; cut into circles and form on the outside of
patty or muffin tins. Bake in hot oven, open side down, until light
brown; remove carefully from tins find return shells to oven and bake 5
minutes, open side up.


Boston Baked Beans

    1 quart beans
    1/2 pound salt pork
    1 tablespoon salt
    1/4 teaspoon pepper
    1/2 teaspoon dry mustard
    2 tablespoons molasses

Wash and soak beans over night. Put half into bean pot; wash salt pork
and place in center; add remainder of beans, salt, pepper, mustard,
molasses and 4 cups cold water; cover. Put into slow oven and bake 8
hours. Add more water if needed.


Baked Macaroni with Cheese

    1 cup macaroni
    1 tablespoon butter
    1 tablespoon flour
    1 cup milk
    1/2 cup grated cheese
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1/8 teaspoon paprika

Boil macaroni in salted water until soft; drain and rinse with cold
water. Put into buttered baking dish and cover with sauce. Cover top
with grated cheese and bake 20 minutes in hot oven.

SAUCE

Melt butter in saucepan; add flour, mix well and add cold milk slowly,
stirring until smooth; add cheese, salt, pepper and paprika. Boil 2
minutes.


Cheese in Scallop Shells or Ramekins

    1 cup milk
    2 cups bread crumbs
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1/4 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
    2 cups grated American cheese

Pour milk over bread crumbs, add seasoning, half the cheese and mix
well; fill greased scallop shells or ramekins; sprinkle with remainder
of cheese and a few fresh bread crumbs and bake in moderate oven 30
minutes.


Cheese Straws

    1 cup grated American cheese
    1 cup flour
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    1/16 teaspoon cayenne pepper
    1/4 teaspoon paprika
    1 egg
    2 tablespoons milk

Mix together cheese, flour, baking powder, cayenne pepper and paprika;
add beaten egg; mix well; add milk enough to make a stiff dough. Roll
out 1/4 inch thick, on floured board; cut into strips 5 inches long and
1/4 inch wide. Bake in hot oven 15 minutes.


Kidney Beans with Bacon

Wash and soak 1 pint kidney beans in cold water over night; drain, cover
with boiling water, add 1/4 pound bacon, boil until beans are tender,
and drain. Season beans with salt and pepper to taste. Brown thin slices
of bacon in frying pan, and serve over beans.


Tomatoes and Eggs

Grease muffin tins; put one thick slice of unpeeled tomato into each
tin; season with salt and pepper; break one egg on top of each slice;
again season with salt and pepper and put a small piece of butter on top
of each egg. Bake in oven until egg is set but not hard. Serve on rounds
of toast and garnish with parsley.


Corn Pudding

    1 quart fresh corn cut from cob
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/4 teaspoon pepper
    3 eggs slightly beaten
    2 cups milk
    3 tablespoons melted butter

Put all ingredients into greased baking dish and bake in moderate oven
until firm.


Scotch Potatoes

    1 quart potatoes
    1 quart onions
    1 teaspoon salt

Wash, pare and cut potatoes and onions in half-inch rounds. Put into
saucepan with boiling water to cover, adding salt. Boil 25 or 30
minutes, or until tender. Drain, put into dish and cover with Thick
Cream Sauce. Bake in hot oven about 25 minutes.


French Toast

    1/2 cup flour
    1 teaspoon Royal Baking Powder
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1/2 cup milk
    1 egg
    sliced bread

Sift together flour, baking powder and salt; add milk and beaten egg;
beat well. Into this dip bread, fry in hot fat, drain, and serve hot
with powdered sugar.


Cheese Souffle

    2 tablespoons butter
    3 tablespoons flour
    1/2 cup milk
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    few grains cayenne
    1 cup grated American cheese
    yolks of 3 eggs
    2 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    whites of 3 eggs

Melt butter, add flour, and when well-mixed add milk slowly. Add salt,
cayenne, and cheese. Remove from fire, add yolks of eggs beaten until
light. Cool mixture and mix in baking powder and beaten egg whites. Bake
in greased dish 25 minutes in slow oven. Serve at once.



Vegetables


Summer vegetables should be cooked on same day they are gathered. Look
them over and wash well, cutting out all decayed parts. Always cook
vegetables in freshly boiled water and keep water boiling until done.
When cooking green vegetables add salt last few minutes of cooking.

Potatoes--Boil 25 to 40 minutes.

Turnips--Boil from 40 to 60 minutes.

Beets--Boil from 1 to 2 hours before peeling.

Parsnips--Boil from 30 to 50 minutes.

Spinach--Boil 20 to 30 minutes.

Onions--Boil in 2 or 3 waters, 45 to 60 minutes.

String Beans--Boil 1 to 1-1/2 hours.

Shell Beans--Boil 30 to 60 minutes.

Green Corn--Steam 10 to 15 minutes, or boil 5 to 6 minutes.

Green Peas--Boil in as little water as possible 30 to 45 minutes.

Asparagus--Boil 20 to 30 minutes.

Winter Squash--Boil 20 to 40 minutes in small quantity of water.

Cabbage--Boil 45 minutes to 2 hours.


Asparagus

Wash, scrape, cut off about one inch hard ends, and tie together. Put
into saucepan, cover with boiling water, and boil until tender, keeping
tips out of water for the first ten minutes; add salt. Remove from
water; lay on pieces of toast and serve with melted butter, cream or
Hollandaise Sauce.


Pickled Beets

Wash and boil six medium sized beets until tender. Remove skins; slice
or cut into quarters; cover with 1/2 cup vinegar, 1 teaspoon salt, 1/8
teaspoon pepper and 1 tablespoon sugar.


Creamed Carrots

Wash and scrape carrots; cut into thin slices. Cover with boiling water
and boil until tender. Drain and mix with cream sauce or melted butter.
Sprinkle with chopped parsley.


Boiled New Cabbage

Cut cabbage into quarters, removing hard part of core, and place in cold
water 30 minutes. Drain, cover with boiling water and boil, without a
cover, 30 minutes or until tender. Drain, put into dish and pour over
Cream or Bechamel Sauce.


Cold Slaw

Wash cabbage; cut into quarters, and then slice very thin; allow to
stand in cold water 30 minutes; drain well and cover with boiled or
French dressing.


Spinach

Pick over carefully and wash thoroughly in severed waters until every
bit of sand is removed. Put into large kettle and add very little
boiling water, about 1/2 cup. Young spinach does not need any water.
Boil until tender or about 25 minutes. Drain thoroughly, chop fine and
drain again. Season with salt and pepper and garnish with slices of hard
boiled-eggs.


Cauliflower

Remove leaves and wash cauliflower; place in uncovered saucepan, stem
end down; cover with boiling water; boil 35 minutes or until tender and
serve with Cream Sauce.


French Fried Potatoes

Pare and cut potatoes into long even pieces. Put into cold water for
about an hour. Drain and dry well. Fry in deep fat until brown and
cooked through; drain on unglazed paper. Salt just before serving. Sweet
potatoes may be prepared in same way.


Potato Cakes

Pare and boil 1 quart potatoes; mash and season with salt, pepper and
paprika; add 1 tablespoon melted butter; mix lightly. Take a spoonful
into floured hands and roll. Dip in egg beaten with 1 tablespoon cold
milk, then in flour. Fry in deep or shallow hot fat.


Brussels Sprouts

Wash and cover with cold water for an hour. Drain; put over fire in
saucepan of boiling water; boil 20 to 25 minutes without a cover. Drain
and cover with cream sauce; or serve with salt, pepper and melted
butter.


Boiled Corn

Husk corn, removing all silk. Put corn into fresh boiling water to
cover; and boil rapidly for 5 minutes. Remove from water and place on
platter on which a napkin has been spread, covering corn with ends of
napkin. Serve immediately.


Lima Beans

Shell beans just before using. Rinse in cold water. Put into saucepan;
cover with boiling water and boil until tender. Drain and add seasoning
and melted butter.


Kohl-Rabi

Peel turnip-shaped globe; cut into small pieces; boil until tender, 30
to 35 minutes. Add one teaspoon salt to each quart water. Serve plain
with melted butter and pepper, or with cream sauce.

The leaves may be stemmed and cooked as greens, boiling 40 minutes.


Candied Sweet Potatoes

Boil in salted water 1 quart sweet potatoes until tender; drain and
scrape off skins; cut into slices and lay in shallow greased baking
dish; brush with melted drippings or butter; sprinkle with 1/2 cup brown
sugar; add 2 tablespoons butter. Bake in hot oven until well browned.


Baked Tomatoes

    6 tomatoes
    2 cups soft bread crumbs
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    1 tablespoon butter

Wash tomatoes and cut off stem ends; remove pulp from center and fill
with bread crumbs seasoned with salt and pepper; sprinkle with bread
crumbs, and place small piece of butter on each. Bake in hot oven 30
minutes. The pulp may be seasoned to taste, cooked in the pan and served
as a sauce.


Browned Parsnips

    1 quart parsnips
    1 teaspoon salt
    2 tablespoons butter or bacon drippings
    1/8 teaspoon pepper

Wash, pare and cut parsnips into 1/2 inch slices. Cover with boiling
water and boil until tender, 25 to 30 minutes; drain. Brown on greased
griddle or frying pan. Season with salt and pepper.


Oyster Plant

Wash and cover with boiling water. Cook 40 to 60 minutes or until soft.
Peel, cut in pieces and serve with Cream Sauce.


Stuffed Potatoes

Bake 4 large potatoes. Cut in half lengthwise and, without
breaking-skins, scoop out insides and mash; add 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1/8
teaspoon pepper, 1 teaspoon chopped parsley, 1 tablespoon melted butter
and mix with fork. Return to shells, put a few drops milk on top; rough
with fork; sprinkle with paprika. Place in oven until brown.



Salads and Salad Dressings


All salad greens, such as lettuce, chicory, endive, romaine, or
watercress, should be fresh, crisp, dry and cold. Wash leaves carefully
and put on ice in lettuce dryer or in cloth.

Dressings wilt the leaves; they should be added just before serving.

Salads may be made in infinite variety. Lettuce plain or combined with
vegetables, cold meat, fish, or fruits may be used with French or
Mayonnaise Dressing.


French Dressing

Put 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar, 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1/8 teaspoon
pepper or few grains cayenne pepper into bowl; add 3 tablespoons oil,
beating constantly. Serve very cold.


Mayonnaise I

    1 egg yolk
    1/2 teaspoon dry mustard
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    1/16 teaspoon cayenne pepper
    1 cup salad oil
    2 tablespoons vinegar or lemon juice

Utensils and ingredients should be very cold. Put egg yolk into shallow
bowl; add seasoning, mix well; add oil slowly, almost drop by drop,
beating until thick. Thin with vinegar; continue adding oil and vinegar
until all is used.


Mayonnaise II

    1 egg
    juice of 1 lemon or 4 tablespoons vinegar
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    2 cups olive oil

Put egg with vinegar or lemon juice and seasoning into bowl, beating
with rotary egg beater. Add oil a tablespoonful or more at a time,
beating constantly. Well covered, this mayonnaise will keep for three or
four weeks.


Boiled Salad Dressing

    1/2 tablespoon salt
    1-1/2 tablespoons sugar
    1 teaspoon mustard
    1/2 tablespoon flour
    few grains cayenne
    1/2 cup vinegar
    2 eggs
    3/4 cup milk
    1 tablespoon butter or other shortening

Mix dry ingredients in top of double boiler; add vinegar and beaten egg
yolks and mix; add milk and butter. Cook over hot water until thick and
smooth. Take from fire and add beaten egg whites. Cool and serve.


Russian Dressing

Take 1 cup mayonnaise; add 2 teaspoons chili sauce, 1 can pimentos
chopped fine, and if desired a dash of grated cheese.


Chicken Salad

    1 quart cold boiled chicken, cut into small cubes
    1 pint finely cut celery
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/8 teaspoon pepper
    2 hard boiled eggs
    2 cups mayonnaise dressing
    6 olives

Mix chicken which should be very tender, with celery, seasoning and one
egg cut into small pieces; marinate with little French dressing, and let
stand in cold place one hour. Serve on lettuce leaves and spread
mayonnaise over top. Garnish with olives and remaining egg cut into
slices. Dust with paprika.


Fruit Salad

    1/2 pound Malaga grapes
    2 pears
    1 grapefruit
    1 orange
    1 head lettuce

Wash, peel; remove seeds from all fruit; cut grapes into halves, pears
in lengthwise pieces, grapefruit and orange into sections; allow to
stand on ice. Serve on lettuce leaves with French dressing. Alligator
pears, cassaba melon or other fruit may be substituted for above.


Vegetable Salad

    1 cup finely cut red cabbage
    1 cup cold boiled red beets
    1 cup cold boiled carrots
    1 cup cold boiled potatoes
    1 cup finely cut celery
    1/2 cup pimentoes
    1 head lettuce
    1 cup French dressing

Soak cabbage in cold water 1 hour; drain and add beets, carrots,
potatoes and celery. Mix well together, season with salt and pepper and
serve on lettuce leaves. On top put strips of pimento and serve with
French dressing, to which may be added one teaspoon onion juice.


Marquise Salad

    3 firm tomatoes
    1/2 cup chopped onion
    1/2 cup chopped parsley
    2 tablespoons salad oil

Peel tomatoes and cut in half. Mix onion and parsley, add oil; let stand
two hours before using. When ready to serve line salad bowl with
lettuce, place tomatoes in it and on each half put 1 tablespoon onion
and parsley mixture. Pour on French dressing. Everything should be ice
cold.


Potato Salad

    1 quart cold boiled potatoes
    1 onion finely sliced
    1/2 teaspoon salt
    chopped parsley
    1/2 cup French dressing

Cut potatoes into slices or cubes; add onion; mix with salt, parsley and
French dressing. Serve on lettuce leaves with boiled dressing.


Lobster Salad

Cut cold boiled lobster into small pieces. Marinate with French
dressing; put on lettuce leaves; cover with mayonnaise and garnish with
lobster claws, olives, hard-boiled eggs and capers.


Fish Salad

    2 cups shredded lettuce
    1 can tuna fish or 1-1/2 lbs. any cold boiled fish
    1/2 cup French dressing
    1 teaspoon onion juice
    1/2 cup mayonnaise
    1 cup finely cut celery
    1 teaspoon chopped parsley

Line dish with lettuce; place fish in center; pour over French dressing
to which onion juice has been added and cover with celery; put
Mayonnaise on top. Sprinkle with chopped parsley.



Beverages


How to Make Coffee

The best method of making coffee, as determined by the Better
Coffee-Making Committee of the National Association of Coffee Roasters,
is as follows:

"Fill a kettle with fresh cold water and put it on to boil. Place over
an open china teapot, kept just for coffee, a clean, wet, old linen
napkin, or a new square of unbleached muslin, letting it sag toward the
center. Put into the depression 4 heaping tablespoons (for 4 cups of
coffee) of finely pulverized coffee. This fine pulverization is very
important. Ordinary ground coffee will not do at all, and gives weak
infusions.

"When the water in the kettle is boiling fiercely, pour it through the
coffee slowly until 4 cups have gone through, or a trifle more for 4
cups of coffee.

"Cover and take at once to table.

"Wash the cloth immediately and keep it in a jar of cold water, never
permitting it to get dry, and freshening the water every day. Keeping
the cloth sweet is essential. Every effort should be made to this end.
The least souring ruins the coffee.

"Follow these directions strictly, paying especial attention to having
the coffee very fine, like flour, and the water boiling, and you will
have excellent coffee even though you buy cheap blends."


Boiled Coffee

For 4 cups. Beat half an egg white with 3 tablespoons cold water; add
3/4 cup ground coffee and stir until moistened; put into scalded coffee
pot; add 1 quart boiling water and boil 5 minutes. Add 1/4 cup cold
water and allow to stand 3 minutes to settle and serve.


Cocoa

The usual rule is 2 teaspoons cocoa, 1 teaspoon sugar; 1 tablespoon cold
water and 3/4 cup milk to each cup. Mix cocoa with sugar and cold water;
cook over slow fire until thick; add milk, and boil 1 minute.


Cocoa Syrup

    2 cups water
    2 cups sugar
    1 cup cocoa
    1/2 teaspoon salt

Stir water and sugar in saucepan until dissolved; boil 5 minutes; mix
cocoa with cold water to make a paste and add to boiling syrup; boil
slowly for 10 minutes; add salt. When cold put into bottle or glass jar
in refrigerator. Take 2 tablespoons of syrup for each glass or cup of
milk. Serve with whipped cream.

Served either hot or iced, this is a nourishing and delicious beverage.


Tea

Water for tea should be freshly heated and just boiling. Teas are of
different strength, but a safe rule is 1 teaspoon dry tea to 1 cup
water. Scald teapot; put in dry tea and cover for 1 minute. Add boiling
water and cover closely. Allow it to stand 3 to 6 minutes and strain off
into a second hot pot.


Chocolate

Cut into small pieces 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate; add 1 tablespoon
sugar and 2 tablespoons hot water. Boil all together till smooth; add
gradually 2 cups scalded milk; cook in double boiler 5 minutes. If
desired add 1/4 teaspoon vanilla. Serve with whipped cream.



Candies


Cream Candy

    2 cups sugar
    2 tablespoons vinegar
    1 teaspoon lemon extract
    1 teaspoon cream of tartar

Add a little water to moisten sugar; boil with vinegar and cream of
tartar without stirring, until brittle when tried in cold water. Add
flavoring; turn out quickly on buttered plates. When cool enough to
handle, pull until white, and cut into pieces.


Butter Scotch

    2 cups sugar
    2 tablespoons water
    2 tablespoons butter

Boil without stirring until brittle when tested in cold water. Pour out
on buttered plates to cool.


Butter Taffy

    3 cups brown sugar
    1/2 cup molasses
    1/4 cup water
    1/4 cup vinegar
    4 tablespoons butter
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Boil sugar, molasses, water and vinegar. When crisp in cold water add
butter and cook 3 minutes. Add vanilla and cool on buttered pans and
break into pieces.


Chocolate Caramels

    2 cups molasses
    1 cup brown sugar
    1 cup cream or milk
    1/4 pound unsweetened chocolate
    4 tablespoons butter

Put all ingredients into kettle. Boil until it hardens in cold water;
add 1 teaspoon vanilla and turn into greased tins. When nearly cold, cut
into small squares.


Creamed Nuts

    2 cups confectioner's sugar
    white of 1 egg
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    2 teaspoons cold water
    walnuts or other nuts

Mix sugar, unbeaten egg white, vanilla and water into a stiff paste.
Shape into little balls, press between halved walnut or other nut meats.

Stoned dates and large seeded raisins may be filled with this cream, or
it may be mixed with chopped nuts, shaped into bars and cut into
squares.


Peanut Brittle

    2 cups chopped roasted nuts
    3 cups granulated sugar

Put sugar in frying pan. Stir over slow fire. It will lump, then
gradually melt. When pale coffee color, and clear, add nuts and pour
quickly on greased tin. When cold break into pieces.


Candied Popcorn

    1-1/2 cups sugar or maple syrup
    1 tablespoon butter
    3 tablespoons water
    3 quarts popped corn

Boil sugar or syrup with butter and water until it spins a long thread;
pour this on corn and if desired shape into balls.


Pulled Molasses Candy

    1 cup molasses
    2 cups brown sugar
    1 cup water
    3 tablespoons vinegar
    3 tablespoons butter

Put molasses, sugar, water and vinegar into saucepan and stir; boil
until very brittle when dropped into cold water; add butter and pour on
buttered platter. When cool enough to handle, butter hands and pull
until light brown. Pull into oblong strips and cut with scissors.


Fudge

    3 cups sugar
    1 cup milk or cream
    4 or 5 tablespoon's cocoa or 2 ounces unsweetened chocolate
    1 tablespoon butter
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Put sugar, milk and cocoa or chocolate into saucepan; stir and boil
until it makes soft ball when tested in cold water; take from fire, add
butter and vanilla, cool and stir until creamy. Pour on buttered plates
and cut into squares.


Penuche

    2 cups light brown sugar
    1/3 cup milk or cream
    1 tablespoon butter
    3/4 cup chopped nuts
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Put sugar, milk and butter into saucepan. Boil with as little stirring
as possible until it makes a soft ball when tested in cold water. Take
from fire; add nuts and vanilla; beat until thick and pour into greased
tins.


Cocoa Cream Candy

    4 tablespoons confectioner's sugar
    2 tablespoons boiling water
    4 tablespoons cocoa
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Mix sugar and water until smooth; add cocoa and vanilla; mix until
creamy. Dust hands with sugar; take up 1/2 teaspoon of mixture and roll
into ball. Dust a plate with sugar, and lay balls on to dry about 2
hours; then roll in finely chopped nuts.


Stuffed Prunes or Dates

Wash, dry and stone fruit; cut almost in half and fill with a half
marshmallow or blanched almond, or chopped nuts and raisins and roll in
sugar.


Cocoanut Cream Candy

    1 tablespoon butter
    3/4 cup milk
    2 cups sugar
    1/2 cup grated fresh cocoanut
    1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

Melt butter in saucepan; add milk and sugar; stir until sugar is
dissolved, heating slowly; boil 12 to 15 minutes; remove from fire and
add cocoanut and vanilla, beating until creamy. Pour into buttered tins
and cool.

For Chocolate Cocoanut Cream Candy add 3 ounces unsweetened chocolate to
other ingredients before boiling.


Hickory Nut Candy

    2 cups sugar
    1/2 cup water
    lemon or vanilla extract
    1 cup hickory nut meats

Boil sugar and water, without stirring, until thick enough to spin a
thread; place saucepan in cold water; add flavoring and stir quickly
until white; stir in nuts; turn into buttered tin; when cold cut into
squares.


Date and Peanut Paste

    1 cup stoned dates
    1/2 cup peanut butter
    1 teaspoon salt
    1/4 cup confectioner's sugar

Wash and dry dates; put through food chopper; add peanut butter and
salt. Mix and roll into small balls; then cover with sugar. Lay on plate
to dry.


Salted Almonds

Blanch almonds by putting into boiling water for a few minutes. Remove
skins, dry well and brown in heated olive oil or butter in pan on top of
stove stirring continually. Take from fire when very light brown, as
they continue to color after removing from pan. Drain well on brown
paper and sprinkle with salt.



Fireless Cookery


The Fireless Cooker has become an important factor in the home. The
principle employed is the preservation of heat by the use of
non-conducting materials. The device ordinarily used is a rectangular
box lined on all sides with some substance which will prevent escape of
heat, with spaces or wells for the insertion of stone or metal discs or
radiators and vessels containing food to be cooked.

Among the advantages of this method are: the improvement in flavor by
slower cooking with little opportunity for evaporation; improved
appearance of food that is subject to shrinkage when cooked by ordinary
methods; saving in labor, as the cooking practically takes care of
itself. Dinner may be prepared in the morning, placed in the cooker, and
without further attention be ready to serve at any time after 3 or 4
hours. While the time required for cooking is longer than in the usual
methods, the actual time consumed in preparation of a meal is
considerably reduced.


DIRECTIONS

Prepare food for cooking as usual. Place in special vessel, designed to
fit into wells of Fireless Cooker, and heat on range or over gas flame
until ordinary cooking temperature is reached. Put into cooker with one
or more radiators which have been heated for 10 or 15 minutes over hot
fire. For roasting, radiator should be hot enough to brown a pinch of
flour immediately. Close cover, fasten lightly so that the steam may
escape and allow cooking to proceed for time specified in recipes.

For baking cake, apples, etc., proceed as for roasting. The time
required for baking is slightly longer than that specified for regular
ovens. For cake ordinarily baked in a moderate oven, heat radiators hot
enough to brown a pinch of flour in half a minute.

The Fireless Cooker is especially convenient for the preparation of
cereals, meats, vegetables and other dishes that are ordinarily boiled
or roasted. Remember that foods should be thoroughly heated before
putting into cooker.


Cereals

Prepare cereal for cooking in double boiler as usual. Boil over fire for
5 minutes; place in larger vessel of boiling water in cooker and allow
it to remain 4 or 5 hours or longer. If placed in cooker at night it
should remain warm enough to serve for breakfast.


Steaming

For recipes see "Boston Brown Bread," "Steamed Fig Pudding," "Poor Man's
Pudding," "Christmas Plum Pudding," etc. Prepare and mix ingredients as
directed. Put into greased molds and place in shallow pan of boiling
water over very hot radiator in cooker. Fasten cover tight and cook for
5 to 6 hours.


Soups

Place ingredients in vessel; cover with cold water; bring to boil over
free flame and boil 5 minutes. Fasten cover and transfer to cooker,
using one hot radiator in bottom of well. Cook 3 or 4 hours and season
when ready to serve.

For ingredients and special directions for preparing soups, see "Soups."


Roast Meats

Prepare and season meat in usual way. Place in large dry vessel; put
very hot radiator in bottom of cooker well; place vessel containing
roast on radiator, and place another very hot radiator on top. Close
cooker and fasten. Allow it to remain about one-half hour per pound of
meat.

The roast may be browned in a very hot oven before putting into cooker
or just before serving.


Boiled or Stewed Meats

Prepare meat for cooking as usual, searing in frying pan if desired
brown. Place in large vessel and cover or partly cover with boiling
water, boiling with cover fastened tight for 10 or 15 minutes over free
flame. Transfer to cooker, using one hot radiator underneath. Cook 2 or
3 hours, season and serve.


Vegetables

Prepare vegetables as usual. Place in vessel with small quantity of
boiling water. As there is little evaporation in fireless cookers,
allowance does not have to be made for loss by evaporation. Boil over
free flame for 5 to 10 minutes. Transfer to cooker, using one radiator
in bottom of well. Cook 3 or 4 hours, remove from cooker, season and
serve.



Invalid Cookery


Always prepare food for the sick in the most careful and attractive
manner. In sickness the senses are unusually acute and far more
susceptible to carelessness and mistakes in the preparation and serving
of food than in health.


Barley Water

    2 tablespoons pearl barley
    2 quarts cold water

Wash barley, soak several hours in cold water and boil gently in same
water for 2 hours; or put into double boiler and cook for 4 hours or
until reduced one-half. Lemon juice and sugar or salt to taste may be
added if desired.


Pineapple Juice

Peel a very ripe pineapple, cut into small pieces and put through fruit
press or potato ricer to extract all juice. Strain and serve with
cracked ice.


Albuminized Orange

    1 egg white
    juice of 1 orange
    sugar

Add orange juice sweetened to taste to egg white and beat well. Chill on
ice and serve cold.


Beef Tea

    1 pound lean beef
    1 cup cold water

Cut beef up into small pieces or put through meat chopper. Put into
fruit jar; add water and allow to stand 15 to 20 minutes to draw out the
juice. Place on trivet or rack in pan of cold water; heat very slowly
for about 2 hours. The water must not boil. Season, strain, cool and
remove fat. Beef tea may be served hot or cold.


Scraped Beef

Scrape meat with sharp knife from lean beef cut from round until nothing
but connective tissue is left. Form into small balls and broil slowly
for about 2 minutes. Season and serve. For sandwiches do not cook but
spread between thin slices of bread and season.


Spanish Cream

    2 cups scalded milk
    4 egg yolks
    1/4 cup sugar
    2 tablespoons granulated gelatine
    1/4 cup cold water
    1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    1 pint cream

Pour scalded milk very slowly over egg yolks and sugar which have been
mixed together. Cook slowly in double boiler until thick and smooth.
Pour over gelatine which has been soaking in 1/4 cup of water. Chill,
add vanilla and beat with egg whip until thick. Add the cream which has
been whipped and chill in molds.


Gluten Muffins

    2 cups gluten flour
    3 teaspoons Royal Baking Powder
    1 egg
    1 tablespoon butter
    2 cups milk

Sift together flour and baking powder; add beaten egg and melted butter
to milk and add, Mix well and bake in greased muffin tins in moderate
oven about 35 minutes.

In addition to the foregoing, many of the soups, broths, jellies, ices
and plain drop cakes found in the preceding pages are suitable for
invalids and convalescents.



Preserving and Canning

(Material adapted from U. S. Food Administration and N. Y. State
Department of Agriculture.)


General Directions

Test all jars for leakage before using. To do this, fill with water, put
on rubber and cover, seal and invert.

Sterilize all utensils, jars, covers, etc., by covering with cold water,
and boil for 10 minutes. Use only new rubbers and dip in boiling water
just before using.

Use a wide-mouthed funnel when filling jars to avoid loss of material
and keep jar rim clean.

Invert all jars after filling and sealing.

Fruit should be sound, firm and not overripe. All fruit should be
carefully prepared.

Clean fruit, clean hands, clean utensils, and a clean kitchen free from
flies, are essential for safety and success.

Keep products in a cool place. Avoid freezing in winter.


Canning

Canning is the operation of preparing sterilized food so that it will
keep indefinitely.

The custom of canning fruit in syrup is based on the improvement in
flavor and texture which sugar gives to fruit. Sugar is not necessary
for its preservation. Success depends upon thorough sterilization--that
is, killing the organisms which cause food to spoil, and then sealing
carefully to prevent their entrance. Fruit may be canned in water, in
fruit juice and in syrup.


Preserving

The only difference between preserving and canning fruit is that sugar
is always used in preserving, while in canning it is used in smaller
quantity or not at all. In preserving the old rule of equal weights of
sugar and fruit may be followed.


Directions for Canning by Open-Kettle Method

By this method which is generally used, for preserves, jams and
marmalades, food is completely cooked and poured boiling hot into
sterilized jars.

Prepare fruit, which may or may not be peeled, and cut into pieces
depending on the variety. Blanch or scald peaches and similar fruits to
loosen skin and chill by plunging into cold water. Cook slowly in as
little water as possible or in fruit juice or fruit syrup until done.
Fill the sterilized jars, seal and invert.


Directions for Canning by Can-Cooked Method

By this method uncooked or partly cooked food is packed in can or jar,
covered with liquid and both jar and contents sterilized.

Pare fruit if desired or blanch or scald in boiling water a small
quantity of the fruit at a time. (See time table.) Do not blanch
cherries, sour cherries excepted, berries or plums.

Chill outside of the blanched fruit by immersing it for a few minutes in
a vessel of cold water. Remove skin from such fruits as peaches.

Pack firmly in clean, tested jars to within one-half inch of top.

Fill jars to within 1/4 inch of top with boiling water, fruit juice, or
syrup.

Place a new rubber on each jar, adjust cover and partly seal.

Place jars on false bottom of water bath and sterilize for required
time. (See time-table.) If the hot-water bath is used, jars should be
immersed in sufficient boiling water to cover tops to depth of about 1
inch. Do not begin to time the sterilizing until water boils. Keep water
boiling during sterilizing period.

Remove jars from sterilizer. Seal them and invert to cool. Avoid a draft
on jars, but cool as rapidly as possible.

Wash and label jars. Wrap in paper or store in a dark place to prevent
loss of color of red fruit.

Vegetables may also be canned by this method.


A Time-Table for Canning Fruits by the Can-Cooked Method

                                  TIME OF COOKING

                                                 If the
                                      If the    pressure
                            Time of  hot-water   cooker
                           Blanching  bath is   is used
                                       used    (5 pounds)
         FRUIT              Minutes  Minutes    Minutes
    Apricots, Peaches          1-2      16         10
    Blackberries                        16          6
    Cherries, Strawberries,
        Grapes, Plums                   16         10
    Fruit Juices                        20         10
    Huckleberries, Raspberries          16          8
    Pears                      1-2      20         10
    Pineapples                          60         40
    Quinces                    1-2      60         40


Use of Sugar in Canning Fruit

Sugar is used in canning fruit for the purpose of improving flavor and
is not necessary for preservation.

Thin syrup--1 part sugar to 2 parts water for sweet fruits.

Medium Syrup--1 part sugar to 1 part water for berries and medium sweet
fruits.

Thick Syrup--2 parts sugar to 1 part water for sour fruits.

To make syrup add sugar to boiling water. Stir until all sugar is
dissolved, then boil 2 or 3 minutes.


Canned Peaches

Scald sound, firm freestone peaches, a small number at a time, in
boiling water just long enough to loosen skins; dip them quickly into
cold water and slip off skins. Cut peaches in halves, and remove stones.
Have ready a syrup made by boiling sugar and water together until sugar
has dissolved, using 1/2 to 3/4 cup sugar to each cup water. Allow about
1 cup syrup for each quart jar of peaches. Put in 1 cracked peach pit
for every quart of syrup.

Can-cooked Method.--Pack peaches in overlapping layers with rounded side
uppermost and blossom end facing glass. Fill each jar with hot syrup and
adjust rubber, cover and upper clamp, thus partly sealing jar. Place
jars on a rack in hot water to cover tops to a depth of 1 inch. Bring
water to boiling point, and boil pint jars 16 minutes, quart jars 20
minutes. Remove jars, seal and invert to cool.

Open-kettle Method.--Cook peaches in syrup until tender; then with
sterilized spoon slip them carefully into sterilized jar; fill jar to
overflowing with syrup. Adjust rubber, cover, seal immediately, and
invert to cool.


Canned Cherries

Wash. Cherries should be pitted before being canned in order to conserve
space. Can sweet cherries as berries. Blanch sour cherries 1/2 minute,
in boiling water. Dip in cold water; drain and pack closely into hot
sterilized jars. Cover with boiling water or boiling medium syrup.
Loosely seal. Sterilize 16 minutes in boiling water bath. Remove jars at
once, tighten covers, invert to test seal and cool.


Canned Pears

Wash and peel fruit and follow directions for canned peaches.


Canned Berries

Blackberries, blueberries, huckleberries, raspberries, loganberries,
gooseberries and strawberries should be canned as soon as possible after
picking. Hull or stem; place in strainer and wash by lifting up and down
in pan of cold water.

Pack into hot sterilized glass jars, using care not to crush fruit. To
insure a close pack, put a 2 or 3 inch layer of berries on the bottom of
jar and press down gently with spoon. Continue in this manner until jar
is filled. Boiling water or boiling thin or medium syrup should be
poured over the fruit at once. Loosely seal. Sterilize 16 minutes in
boiling water. Remove jars, tighten covers, invert to test seal and
cool.


Asparagus

Asparagus for canning must be fresh and tender. Select tips of uniform
size and maturity and wash. Cut into lengths according to containers to
be used. Scrape off scales, tough outer skins and hard ends and tie in
bundles large enough for one jar.

Immerse the lower ends in boiling water and leave them immersed for 5
minutes, then the entire stalks, leaving them in 1 to 3 minutes longer.

Cold dip, drain, pack neatly, tips up, in hot sterilized jars. Add salt
and cover with boiling water. Loosely seal, sterilize two hours in
boiling water bath. Remove as soon as time is up. Tighten covers, invert
to test seal and cool.


Beans

Green String Beans and Wax Beans.--The beans should be tender and fresh,
and graded according to size and washed. Leave whole or break in uniform
pieces. Blanch 5 to 10 minutes until the pod will bend without breaking.
Cold dip, drain well and pack into hot jars. Add salt and cover with
boiling water. Loosely seal and sterilize two hours in boiling water.
Remove when time is up, tighten covers, and invert to test seal.


Corn

Make careful selection of tender, juicy sweet corn, at best stage for
table use. Can as soon as possible after gathering. Remove husks and
silk; blanch tender ears 5 minutes, older ears 10 minutes. Cold dip and
cut from cob but not too close. Pack at once into hot sterilized jars.
As corn swells during sterilization, leave space of 1 inch at top. Add
salt and cover with boiling water. Be sure that water penetrates through
corn to the bottom of jar. Loosely seal and sterilize three hours in
boiling water. Remove when time is up, tighten covers, invert to test
seal and cool.


Jams

Jams are usually made with small fruits or with chopped large fruits.
Cook slowly with an equal weight of sugar until thick; put into
sterilized tumblers or jars and seal.


Raspberry Jam

Pick over berries. Mash a few in bottom of preserving kettle; continue
until fruit is used. Heat slowly to boiling point and add equal quantity
of heated sugar. Cook slowly 45 minutes. Put into sterilized jars.

Blackberry, gooseberry or other berry jam may be made in this way.


Plum Conserve

    4 pounds plums
    1 cup seeded raisins
    2 oranges
    sugar
    juice of 1 lemon
    1/2 pound walnuts

Wash plums; remove stones; add raisins and oranges which have been
sliced very fine. Measure and add 3/4 cup sugar to each cup fruit and
juice. Put into kettle, cook slowly about 45 minutes or until thick like
jam, stirring to keep from burning. Add lemon juice and chopped nuts.
Pour into sterilized jars.


Spiced Currants

    3 lbs. white sugar
    5 lbs. ripe currants
    1 tablespoon cinnamon
    1 tablespoon nutmeg
    1 tablespoon cloves
    1 tablespoon allspice
    1/2 pint vinegar

Boil currants one hour, then add sugar, spices and one-half pint
vinegar, boil one-half hour longer. Pour into jars and store.


Jellies

Heat and mash fruit until juice runs readily. If fruit is not entirely
broken up rub through coarse sieve. Pour into sterilized jelly bags of
unbleached muslin or doubled cheesecloth and drain thoroughly but do not
squeeze. Take 7/8 cup sugar for each cup of juice. Boil juice 8 to 20
minutes (berries and currants less than other fruits); add sugar which
has been heated in oven; stir until sugar is dissolved and boil about 5
minutes. Pour into hot sterilized tumblers. Hard fruits like apples and
quinces should be cut up, covered with cold water and cooked until
tender before turning into jelly bags.


Pickles

Pickled Peaches

    2 pounds brown sugar
    2 cups vinegar
    1 ounce stick cinnamon
    1/2 ounce whole cloves
    4 quarts peaches

Boil sugar, vinegar and spices 20 minutes. Dip peaches quickly in hot
water; then rub off the fuzz with a cloth. Place a few peaches at a time
in syrup and cook until tender. Pack into sterilized jars. Adjust
sterilized rubbers, and fill each jar to overflowing with hot strained
syrup. Put on sterilized covers and seal jars immediately.


Chow Chow

    1 quart small white onions
    1 quart small cucumbers
    2 heads cauliflower
    3 green peppers
    1 quart vinegar
    6 tablespoons mustard
    3 tablespoons flour
    1 cup sugar
    1 tablespoon turmeric

Peel onions and add cucumbers, cauliflower cut into small pieces, and
sliced peppers. Soak over night in brine (1 cup salt to 1 quart water).
Drain and cook in fresh brine until vegetables are tender, and drain
again. Boil vinegar in kettle and add paste made with mustard, flour,
sugar, turmeric and a little cold vinegar, stirring until mixture
thickens; add vegetables and cook slowly 10 minutes. Seal in sterilized
jars.


Sweet Tomato Pickles

    1/2 peck green tomatoes
    4 onions
    4 green peppers
    1 cup salt
    1/2 cup white mustard seed
    2 teaspoons pepper
    3 teaspoons cinnamon
    3 teaspoons allspice
    3 teaspoons cloves
    2 quarts vinegar
    1 pound brown sugar

Chop tomatoes, onions and peppers; cover with salt and allow to stand
over night. Drain, and add to vinegar, spices and sugar which have been
heated to boiling. Cook 15 minutes and seal in sterilized jars.


Chili Sauce

    12 medium-sized ripe tomatoes
    1 red pepper
    1 onion
    2 cups vinegar
    1/3 cup sugar
    2 tablespoons salt
    2 teaspoons cloves
    2 teaspoons cinnamon
    2 teaspoons allspice
    2 teaspoons nutmeg

Peel and slice tomatoes; add chopped pepper and onion; put into kettle
with remaining ingredients. Cook slowly for 2-1/2 hours. Seal in
sterilized jars.


Tomato Catsup

    4 quarts tomatoes (strained)
    6 tablespoons salt
    3 tablespoons black pepper
    1 tablespoon cloves
    2 tablespoons cinnamon
    2 tablespoons allspice
    1-1/2 pints vinegar

Put all together in kettle and boil down one-half. Pour into sterilized
jars.



Keep the Home Baking Safeguarded


Housekeepers who have always used Royal Baking Powder with utmost
satisfaction are sometimes misled into experimenting with baking powders
containing questionable ingredients.

No real economy is thus accomplished--in fact, the use of an
unwholesome, undependable baking powder often produces a bitter taste in
the food which makes it unappetizing and sometimes inedible, to say
nothing of the injurious effect produced upon the digestive system.

Royal Baking Powder is most economical. Its well-known dependability
makes baking success simpler and surer, thus preventing loss of eggs,
flour, butter and other ingredients. Only the best materials are used in
its production--pure cream of tartar and tartaric acid, derived from
grapes, bicarbonate of soda and corn starch, all scientifically blended
and perfectly balanced. The best is always the most economical.

=To insure food that is always delicious, wholesome and appetizing,
insist on using Royal Baking Powder which is made from Cream of Tartar,
derived from grapes.=



BAKE IT WITH ROYAL AND BE SURE


has been the motto for fifty years in millions of homes where good food
is recognized as the first essential of good health and where pride is
taken in good baking.

One of the distinctive qualities of food baked with Royal Baking Powder
is _wholesomeness_.

This is health insurance of such vital importance that millions of women
bake at home just to be sure that Royal Baking Powder is used.

_Remember the adage_--

"Bake it with Royal and be sure."





*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "New Royal Cook Book" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.



Home