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Title: Notes and Queries, Vol. IV, Number 106, November 8, 1851 - A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, - Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc.
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Notes and Queries, Vol. IV, Number 106, November 8, 1851 - A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, - Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc." ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

[Transcriber's note: Original spelling variations have not been
standardized. Underscores have been used to indicate _italic_ fonts.
A list of volumes and pages in "Notes and Queries" has been added at
the end.]





"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

VOL. IV.--No. 106. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8. 1851.

Price Threepence. Stamped Edition. 4_d._




      Some Notes on Arundel House, Strand, and on the
      Dispersion of Sculptures formerly Part of the
      Arundelian Collection, by William Sidney Gibson            361

      Panslavic Literature, and the Library of the British
      Museum, by Dr. J. Lotsky                                   364

      On Archbishop Ussher, by Bolton Corney                     365

      Anglo-Catholic Library--Bishop Overall's Convocation
      Book                                                       365


      The Use of Misereres                                       367

      Joceline's Legacy                                          367

      Minor Queries:--Early Muster Rolls--Convocation
      for the Province of York--The Scent of the
      Bloodhound--Cooper's Miniature of Cromwell--Lines on
      Cagliostro--The Names and Numbers of British
      Regiments--Praed's Charade--Cozens the
      Painter--Parliamentary Debates                             367

      MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED:--Merry Wakefield--The
      two Kings of Brentford--Meaning of V. D. M.                369


      Anachronisms of Painters                                   369

      "Agla," Meaning of, by E. S. Taylor, &c.                   370

      Colonies of England                                        370

      Replies to Minor Queries:--Broad Arrow--Sacro-Sancta
      Regum Majestas--Grimsditch--"'Tis Twopence now,"
      &c.--Pauper's Badge                                        371


      Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c.                     373

      Books and Odd Volumes wanted                               373

      Notices to Correspondents                                  374

      Advertisements                                             374



The celebrated Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, was son of Philip Howard,
Earl of Arundel--the faithful and constant, who being persecuted for his
religion, was suffered by Queen Elizabeth to languish in the Tower,
where he died in 1595--and great-grandson of Henry Howard, Earl of
Surrey, the accomplished nobleman who was beheaded in 1547 by "the Nero
of the Tudor race." Thomas Howard was restored, as your readers know, to
the earldom of Arundel by James I., and in the reign of that king and of
Charles I., who held him in veneration, received other honours and
employments, but was yet more distinguished by his munificent patronage
of the arts and of learning. He is called "the only great subject of the
northern parts, who by his conversation and great collections set a
value" upon transalpine lands; and he began about 1614 to decorate with
the precious and costly works of art which he had collected in Greece
and in his beloved Italy, the gardens and galleries of his quaint old
palace in London, called Arundel House.

This mansion, or rather collection of buildings, the site of which had
been taken from the see of Bath in the time of "Protector" Somerset,
appears from Hollar's _Views_ (as is stated by Mr. Cunningham in his
admirable _Handbook of London Past and Present_) to have comprised a
range of irregular buildings, principally of red brick, erected at
various periods, and combined without much regard to elegance or
uniformity; although I find the earl is said to have been the first
person who introduced uniformity in building, and to have been made
chief commissioner for promoting this object in London. This famous, and
once hospitable, mansion, stood between the gardens of Essex House on
the east, and of Somerset (then Denmark) House on the west, its pleasure
grounds coming down to the river, and commanding a fine view of the city
as far as London Bridge, and of Westminster, and westward to Nine Elms.
It is mentioned by Mr. Cunningham, that in this house Hollar drew his
well-known view of London, as seen from the roof. The earl, of whose
taste and munificence the Arundelian collections formed a noble
monument, departed this life at Padua, on the 4th of October (or, as
another account[1] says, the 26th September), 1646, in the sixty-first
year of his age, having been two years before created Earl of Norfolk,
in consideration of his lineal descent from Thomas de Brotherton, Earl
of Norfolk, a younger son of King Edward I., and was interred at
Arundel. His will, dated at Dover, 3rd September, 1640, was proved in
the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, and is printed in the _Howard
Anecdotes_. His marbles, medals, statues, books, and pictures (he is
said to have possessed "a larger number of Hans Holbein's works than any
other person, and to have been the first nobleman who set a value on
them in our nation"), formed at that period, says Sir Charles Young[2],
one of the finest and most splendid collections in England. Many of the
articles of virtu and of the books were, during his lifetime, in the
possession of Alathea, his Countess (who was a third daughter and coheir
of Gilbert Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury), from whom some of them were
obtained by his younger son, Sir William Howard, the unfortunate
Viscount Stafford (beheaded 1680, on perjured testimony); and a portion
of the marble statues and library devolved upon Henry Frederick, his
eldest son, who, in his father's lifetime, was summoned to parliament as
Lord Mowbray, and succeeded him as Earl of Arundel, and who died in
1652, leaving Thomas, his eldest son, who became Earl of Arundel,
Surrey, and Norfolk, and was, at the Restoration in 1660, restored to
the dukedom of Norfolk, with limitation to the heirs male of his father.
This nobleman died unmarried in 1677, and his brother Henry (who had
been created Earl of Norwich, and in 1672 Earl Marshal of England, to
him and the heirs male of his body, with other limitations in default)
thereupon became sixth Duke of Norfolk. By him the marbles and library
were finally dispersed.

  [Footnote 1: _Hist. Anecd. of some of the Howard Family_, by Mr.
  Charles Howard of Greystoke, 8vo. Lond. 1769. The writer became
  Duke of Norfolk on the death of his cousin Edward, eighth duke, in

  [Footnote 2: In his preface to the Catalogue of MSS. given to the
  College of Arms by Henry Duke of Norfolk (not published).]

The Royal Society had held their meetings since the Fire of London at
Arundel House; and John Evelyn, Esq., author of the _Sylva_, one of the
founders of the society, observing in 1667

  "these precious monuments miserably neglected, and scattered up
  and down about the garden and other parts of Arundel House, and
  how exceedingly the corrosive air of London impaired them,"

induced this nobleman, then Mr. Henry Howard, to bestow on the
University of Oxford

  "his Arundelian marbles, those celebrated and famous inscriptions,
  Greek and Latine, gathered with so much cost and industrie from
  Greece, by his illustrious grandfather the magnificent Earl of
  Arundel."--_Diary_, vol. ii. p. 295

In 1676 Mr. Evelyn induced the Duke to grant to the Royal Society the
Arundel library, into which many of the MSS. formerly belonging to Lord
William Howard (the famous ancestor of the Earl of Carlisle), who died
in 1640, had found their way from Naworth Castle in the lifetime of
Thomas, Earl of Arundel. In the same volume of Evelyn's _Diary_, p.
445., is a minute, under date 29th August, 1678, from which it appears
that he was then called to take charge of the books and MSS., and remove
to the then home of the Royal Society in Gresham College, such of them
as did not relate to the office of Earl Marshal and to heraldry, his
grace intending to bestow the books relating to those subjects upon the
Heralds' College. It is known, however, that many chronicles and
historical MSS. of great value formed part of the donation to the
College of Arms; and it would appear from a document in the handwriting
of Sir William Dugdale, referred to by Sir Charles Young, that many
monastic registers and cartularies which were taken to Gresham College,
had nevertheless been intended by the Duke for the College over which,
as Earl Marshal, he presided. This nobleman died 1684.

In 1678, according to Mr. Cunningham (who quotes Walpole's _Anecdotes_,
ii. 153.), Arundel House itself was demolished. This was done pursuant
to an act of parliament, which had been obtained for the purpose of
entailing the estate on heirs male, exempt from being charged with
jointures or debts, and empowering the Duke to let a part of the site of
the house and gardens to builders, at reserved ground-rents, which were
to form a fund for building a mansion for the family on that part of the
gardens adjacent to the river. The house was planned by Wren, but the
design was laid aside about the year 1690, when Henry, seventh Duke of
Norfolk, who was a favourite of William Prince of Orange, obtained an
act of parliament empowering him to lease the remainder of the
garden-ground for a term of forty-one years, and to appropriate to
himself the fund which had accumulated. He accordingly let the ground to
Mr. Stone of New Inn, an attorney, and buildings of a very different
character to the palatial mansion that had been contemplated, ere long
overspread the site of Arundel House. The seventh duke died in 1701. It
appears that his friend King William had made him Governor of Windsor
Castle; but at his death 12,000_l._ were due to him for arrears of
salary, which sum it is said was never paid.

The museum of objects illustrative of natural history, and great part of
the furniture of Arundel House, were removed to Stafford House (situated
without Buckingham Gate, where Stafford Row was subsequently built), in
which house, in the year 1720, the Duchess of Norfolk, consort of
Thomas, eighth Duke, sold an immense quantity of plate, jewels,
furniture, pictures, and curiosities. Besides these, however, many
family _reliques_ were at that time in the hands of different branches
of this noble family, as, for example, the grace-cup of St. Thomas of
Canterbury (which had belonged to Thomas Earl of Arundel, and is now in
the possession of Philip Henry Howard, Esq., of Corby Castle, M.P.), and
the staff of office of High Constable of England, formerly used by the
Earl, and which in 1757 was in the possession of the Earl of Stafford.

Of the fate of the marbles which remained at the time of the removal of
Arundel House, some interesting particulars are given by Mr. James
Theobald in a letter written from Surrey Street, 10th May, 1757, and
addressed to Lord Willoughby de Parham, President of the Society of
Antiquaries; and believing that these particulars are little known, I
will now subjoin them to the somewhat lengthy memoranda which I have
written by way of introduction.

  "As there were many fine statues, basso-relievos, and marbles,
  they were received," says Mr. Theobald, "into the lower part of
  the gardens, and many of them were placed under a colonnade there;
  and the upper part of the grounds, next the Strand, was let to
  builders, who continued the street next the Strand, from Temple
  Bar towards Westminster, and built thereon the several streets
  called Arundel, Norfolk, and Surrey Streets, leading from the
  Strand as far as the cross street called Howard Street, which ran
  parallel therewith. A cross wall was built to separate the ground
  let for building from that reserved for the family mansion; and
  many of the workmen, to save the expense of carrying away the
  rubbish, threw it over this cross wall, where it fell upon the
  colonnade and at last by its weight broke it down, and falling
  upon the statues, &c. placed there, broke several of them. A great
  part of these statues, &c., in that sad condition, were purchased
  by Sir William Fermor, from whom the present Earl of Pomfret is
  descended, and he removed them to his seat at Easton Neston in
  Northamptonshire, where he employed some statuary to repair such
  as were not too much demolished. There they continued until the
  year 1755, when the present countess made a present of them to the
  University of Oxford. In this collection was the famous sleeping
  Cupid represented lying on a lion's skin to express his absolute
  dominion over fierceness and strength, some roses being scattered
  on the skin, probably as emblems of silence and secrecy, as Cupid
  presented that flower to Harpocrates, the god of silence, as a
  bribe to him to conceal the amours of his mother, to whom the rose
  is also supposed to be sacred. Below the foot of Cupid on the
  cushion is the figure of a lizard, which some have supposed to
  have been placed here as a known ingredient of great efficacy in
  love-charms; others, as a proper attendant on those who sleep,
  from an opinion that this reptile wakes them on approach of
  danger. But the real design of the sculptor is, rather to
  perpetuate his name by this symbol, for it was Saurus. The Romans,
  observing how much the Grecian sculptors excelled them in this
  art, whenever they employed them to execute any work of this sort
  forbade them to put, as had been customary, their names to their
  works; and Pliny tells us that Saurus had recourse to this
  expedient, by putting the lizard upon this figure, as well as on
  another which he executed jointly with Batrachus, on which they
  were not permitted to put their names, therefore they placed on
  the bases the figures of a frog and a lizard.

  "Some other of these broken statues, not thought worth replacing,
  were begged by one Boyder Cuper, who had been a servant (I think
  gardener) to the family, and were removed by him to decorate a
  piece of garden ground which he had taken opposite Somerset
  water-gate, in the parish of Lambeth[3], which at that time was a
  place of resort for the citizens and others in holiday time, still
  called after him by the name of Cuper's, and thence corruptly
  Cupid's Gardens, which were much of the same nature as Sadler's
  Wells and Mary'bone Gardens. Here they continued for a
  considerable time, till Mr. John Freeman of Fawley Court, near
  Henley-on-Thames, and Mr. Edward Waller of Beaconsfield, observing
  something masterly in the designs and drapery of several of them,
  desired I would treat with Mr. John Cuper for them. I agreed with
  him for 75_l_., and soon afterwards they were divided between
  these two gentlemen, and sent part to Fawley Court, and part to
  Beaconsfield, where they at present remain.

  "What statues and broken fragments yet remained undisposed of in
  Arundel Gardens, the Duke of Norfolk obtained leave from the Crown
  to remove across the water, just on the opposite shore, to a piece
  of waste ground in the manor of Kennington, belonging to the
  principality of Wales; and one Mr. Arundel, a relation of the
  Duke's I think, at the latter end of the reign of King Charles II.
  or King James II., did obtain a grant of the said piece of ground
  at a small rent for a term of years, which was renewed on paying a
  fine. (These are again referred to.)

  "What were thought not worth removing were buried in the
  foundations of the buildings in the lower parts of Norfolk Street
  and the other buildings on the gardens. Mr. Aislabie, who
  inhabited one of these houses, found a broken statue in his
  cellar, which he carried to his seat in Yorkshire; and he tells me
  there is a sarcophagus in the cellar of Mr. James Adamson, who
  lives in the corner house on the left hand going into the lower
  part of Norfolk Street.

  "As to those carried over the water and laid on the Prince of
  Wales' ground, Mr. Arundel, soon after he obtained the grant of
  the ground, let it for a timber-yard, and the person who took it
  built up a wharf; and when the foundation of St. Paul's was laid
  (Mr. Cunningham gives 1st May, 1674, as the date when the ground
  began to be cleared), great quantities of the rubbish were brought
  over thither to raise the ground which used to be overflowed every
  spring tide, so that, by degrees, these statues and other marbles
  were buried under the rubbish, and lay there for many years
  forgotten. About 1712 this piece of ground was rented by my
  father, who, on digging foundations, frequently met with some of
  these broken fragments, which were taken up and laid on the
  surface of the ground. The late Earl of Burlington having heard of
  the things which had been dug up, and that they had formed part
  of the Arundel collection, chose what he pleased and carried them
  down to Chiswick House, where he placed one piece of basso-relievo
  on the pedestal of an obelisk he erected there. Some years after
  this, the Right Hon. Lord Petre, speaking to me about these things
  of the Earl of Burlington's, told me he had heard that on some
  parts of my ground there were still many valuable fragments
  buried, and obtained my leave to employ men to bore the ground.
  After six days' searching of every part, just as they were going
  to give over, they fell upon something which gave them hopes, and
  upon opening the ground they discovered six statues without heads
  or arms, lying close to each other, some of a colossal size, the
  drapery of which was thought to be exceedingly fine. These were
  soon afterwards sent down to Worksop, the seat of his present
  Grace the Duke of Norfolk, in Nottinghamshire, where they remain.

  "There were some few blocks of a greyish veined marble, out of
  which I endeavoured to cut some chimney-pieces and slabs to lay in
  my house, the Belvedere in Lambeth parish, over against York
  Buildings, but the expense was more than their worth; however, as
  they were cut out, some of them were used. The fragment of a
  column I carried into Berkshire to my house, Waltham Place, and
  converted it into a roller for my bowling-green, it being about
  six feet long and eighteen inches diameter."

  [Footnote 3: Mr. Cunningham mentions that the Waterloo Bridge Road
  now runs over the very centre of these gardens.]

Sic transit gloria mundi!

Such are the particulars recorded by Mr. Theobald. When I met with them
lately, I determined on asking a place for this Note in your valuable
publication, thinking that its contents might be new to some of even
your readers, and might form an acceptable page of topographical


  Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Oct. 1851.


There existed, even in ancient times, some connecting links between the
_Panslavian_ and the _Anglo-Saxon_ races: the most important, the
introduction of Wickliff's Bible translation into Czechia by Anne,
sister of Wenceslaw IV., and wife of Richard II. of England,--an event
rich in great and salutary consequences. In allusion to the Library of
the British Museum, it seems to me that in former times the diplomatic
agents of this country must have taken care to collect the rare and
interesting works of the places where they temporarily resided; and that
in this way the libraries of this country became enriched by an
astounding stock of Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Panslavic works,
which subsequently merged some way or other in the national library.
This, albeit hypothetical _genesis_ of that huge collection, will, I
think, best explain its incompleteness and even _un-systematicity_ in
former times; as there are some rare old works to be found, of which the
concluding volume is wanting. But I shall not, on this occasion,
_review_ a whole library, but confine myself to its late _exponent_ for
the world-exhibition, described in the "_Short Guide to that Portion of
the Library of Printed Books now open to the Public_, _May 1851_."

In imitation of the National Library of Paris, a number of books have
been publicly exhibited in the British Museum which, on account of their
early date, rarity, costliness and splendour of printing, binding, or
for certain interesting autographs, deserved general attention; thus
forming an exemplified memorial and history of typographic art and
enterprise. The show was a grand and instructive one, owing mostly to
the specimens of the unmatched collection of the Grenville Library, the
greatest gift ever bequeathed by an individual to a people. None could
look without deep emotion on the set of Columbus' Letters, all printed
during his lifetime (1493 _et seq._)--documents much adverted to by A.
Humboldt in his _Examen Critique_ on the discovery of America. Of
similar interest were the sets of first editions of Petrarca, Cervantes,
Camoens--leaves invaluable to the thinker on human civilisation.
Chinese, Indian, and Japanese specimens were also not wanting.

With all that, the gentleman who had arranged _en maestro_ this
exhibition, did completely ignore the existence of _Panslavic_
literature, viz. that of a race of sixty millions of people! It is the
perusal of the _Short Guide_ which will satisfy any one of the exactness
of the assertions, that _not one single_ Russian, Polish, Czechian or
Serbian book or fly-leaf was in the whole collection: an anomaly, the
explaining of which is beyond my reach.

Still, Panslavia occupies a conspicuous place even in the history of
typography and literature, although our later periods have been dimmed
by the intrusion of foreign or despotic princes. It was so early as the
year 1512, that a Slavonic translation of the Bible was begun. Ivan IV.
established the first printing-press in 1564 at Moscow; and in 1659 the
learned Patriarch Nikon published a revision of both the Old and New
Testaments. Without entering here into an investigation on the first
Slavian typographers, both Czechia and Poland were foremost in
introducing this important discovery; and even our southernmost city,
the Republic of Ragusa, printed Slavian works. Of all this the
typographical exhibition of the British Museum contained no trace. What
the Library may possess or not possess, is now more difficult to
ascertain than ever, as the different sets of Catalogues amount to a
couple of hundred volumes. In fact, I know that there exist in the
Library the _Acta Fratrum Polonorum_ (the disciples of Socinus), a work
unknown even to Lellewel but I am not aware how to find it without a
great loss of time.[4] Unfortunately also, the Catalogues are encumbered
by a host of exploded German works, which, remaining on the hands of the
Leipzig publishers, are mostly sold as waste paper. The works of the
greatest Slavian literati are wanting; for instance, Palacky's _History
of Czechia_ (in German), published by order and at the expense of the
house of representatives at Prague, of which a _second_ edition
(reprint) has already appeared so far back as 1844.

  [Footnote 4: [Our correspondent will find it in the King's
  Catalogue, tom. i. p. 281., under _Bibliotheca_. The press mark is
  273, i. 20.--ED.]]

    DR. J. LOTSKY, Panslave.


Without designing to take part in the question at issue regarding
archbishop Ussher, I may be permitted to record the evidence of one of
the earliest and best-informed witnesses on it--Nicholas Bernard, doctor
of divinity, and preacher to the honourable society of _Grayes-Inne_,

  "_Anno 1641._ The great businesse of the _Earle of Strafford_ came
  in agitation, in which there is one thing he gave me a charge, as
  I had occasion, to clear him, _viz._ of a _scandall_ raised on
  him, by a _rash_, I will not say malicious pen, in his _Vocall
  forrest_, as if he had made use of a pretended distinction of a
  _Personall and politicall conscience_, to satisfy the late King,
  that he might consent to the beheading of the said Earle; that
  _though the first resisted, he might do it by the second;_ which,
  I wonder men of prudence, or that had any esteem of him, could be
  so credulous of: but there is a presumptuous _Observator_ of late,
  hath more ridiculously and maliciously abused him in it, as if the
  root of it was in revenge, for the _Earles suppressing the
  Articles of Ireland;_ both are of the like falshood, as hath been
  already made apparent, in an answer to him.

  "And I have lately seen it under the hand of a person of quality,
  affirming, that some yeers agone, a rumour being spread of the
  death of this Reverend _Primate_ (who was much lamented at Oxford)
  and this concerning the Earle being by one then objected against
  him. He was an ear-witnesse, that the late _King_, answered that
  person in very great Passion, and with an oath protested his
  innocency therein."

Bernard received ordination from the hands of Ussher; was his librarian
at the period in question; and was honoured with his confidence for
thirty years. His _Life_ of Ussher is a work of authority, and deserves
to be held in remembrance.



The volume which is known under the title of Bishop Overall's
_Convocation Book_, is a document possessing no ordinary degree of
interest. It consists of a series of arguments and canons, in which are
discussed and decided several questions of great moment relative to the
authority of princes, the divine right of episcopacy, and the
differences between the Church of England and the see of Rome. Though
this document never obtained the sanction of the Crown, yet its
intrinsic value is considerable; and its claim to be regarded as an
authentic exposition of the doctrine of the Church of England, in the
beginning of the seventeenth century, is unquestionable. Drawn up by the
eminent divines who constituted the lower house of the Convocation of
1603, the signature of Bishop Overall at the end attests that the whole
had been read three times in the hearing of the house, and unanimously

  [Footnote 5: "Hæc omnia suprascripta ter lecta sunt in domo
  inferiori convocationis in frequenti synodo cleri, et unanimi
  consensu comprobata. Ita testor,

  "JOHANNES OVERALL, Prolocutor.

  "April 16. 1606."

  The whole of this passage, the editor informs us, "is in the
  handwriting of Overall."--P. 272.]

In the year 1844, a new edition of this document was issued to the
subscribers to the Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology. Some care and
labour appear to have been bestowed in editing it. The name of the
editor is not given: the preface does not even bear his initials.
Consequently, the Committee, whose names are before the public, and to
whom, as the subscribers are informed in the Rules of the Society, "the
whole management of the fund subscribed is entrusted,"[6] have taken on
themselves the entire and sole responsibility of this edition, and are
the only parties in any way answerable to the subscribers, for the
manner in which it has been prepared for publication.

  [Footnote 6: The fifth rule is as follows:--

  "5. That the whole management of the fund subscribed be entrusted
  to a Committee, consisting of not less than twelve nor more than
  twenty-four subscribers, who shall fill up all vacancies that may
  occur in their own body."]

How that has been done the following observations may help to determine.

In the second part of the work this passage occurs (book ii. chap.

  "In these times it may well be granted that there was no need of
  any other bishops but the Apostles, and likewise that then their
  churches or particular congregations in every city were advised
  and directed touching points of religion in manner and form
  aforesaid by the common and joint advice of their priests or
  ministers. In which respect, the same persons, who then were named
  priests or ministers, were also in a general sense called bishops.
  Howbeit this course dured not long, either concerning their said
  common direction, or their names of bishops so attributed unto
  them; but was shortly after ordered far otherwise, by a common
  decree of the Apostles, to be observed in all such cities where
  particular churches were planted, or, as one speaketh, _in toto
  orbe_ 'throughout the world.'"

This passage will be found at p. 136. of the edition in the
_Anglo-Catholic Library_, and at the foot of the page is the reference
given by the Convocation to the words "_in toto orbe_."

  "_Jerome in Ep. ad Tit._ cap. i. [See note O.]"

The words within brackets direct us to one of the notes which the editor
has added at the end of the volume; where, at p. 281., the following is

  "Note O., p. 136.

  "_Jerome in Ep. ad Tit._ c. i. [The editor has failed in
  discovering the passage here alluded to, although the Benedictine
  and several earlier editions have been consulted.]"

Without waiting for an opportunity of referring to the Benedictine, or
any of the earlier editions, to which the writer has not access at the
present moment, it is sufficient to observe, that the passage in
question occurs in St. Jerome's _Commentary on the Epistle to Titus_,
and may be found in Vallarsius's edition, tom. vii. col. 694.

One would be glad to content oneself with this _note_, but the interests
of literature and theology demand something more; and if the anonymous
editor should feel pained by the following remarks, the writer can only
say that he has not the slightest suspicion who the editor of this
volume is, and that it is to the Committee (most especially in such a
case as this, where they have allowed the editor to withhold his name,)
the Subscribers--not to say the Church of England--will look for such a
work being brought out in a proper manner.

To confess that a passage, which the Convocation of 1603 have referred
to in this off-hand manner, is not to be found in the works of Jerome,
is strange enough: but the confession assumes a new character, as
regards both the editor and the Committee, when one reflects for an
instant on the particular passage which the editor thus candidly informs
us, he "has failed in discovering."

It is not at all too much to say, that no one could be even moderately
acquainted with the Presbyterian controversy, and the arguments in
defence of Episcopacy, without being so familiar with this passage as to
recognise it at first sight. It is, indeed, one of the chief testimonies
which the Presbyterians urged in proof of the antiquity of their
discipline,--as Bishop Pearson says: "Locus Hieronymi, quem pro fundo
habent novatores;" and, as such, it has been discussed by almost every
divine of eminence, who has undertaken to defend the constitution of the
English church.

To multiply references is needless. But, without attempting to exhaust
even the resources of a small and very incomplete private collection, it
will suffice to say, that Henry Dodwell has examined it in his additions
to Pearson. (_De Success. prim. Romæ Episcop._, Diss. I. cap. ix.)
Bishop Bilson discusses it, and refers to it again and again (_Perpetual
Government of Christ's Church_, "Epistle to the Reader," p. 5.; ch. xi.
pp. 217. 268.; ch. xii. pp. 284. 289. 307.; edit. Oxford, 1842). Hooker
quotes and explains it (book vii. ch. v. 7.; vol. iii. p. 162.; Oxford,
1845). It is the subject of an entire section of Jeremy Taylor's
_Episcopacy asserted_ (sect. xxi.). And to enumerate no more, it is
fully discussed by Archbishop Potter, in his _Discourse on Church
Government_ (chap. iv.).

These facts will, it is trusted, exempt the writer from the charge of
minute and carping criticism. The Convocation of 1603, indeed, merely
allude to the passage as one with which every English divine would be
familiar and most unquestionably no one could have been a stranger to
it, who was acquainted with the subject which the Convocation were

It is surely then but reasonable to feel surprised, that a document so
important, and drawn up by men of such eminence, should have been
confided to an editor who had never heard of the passage, and knew not
where to find it: in a word, to an editor, who, by his own
acknowledgment (and his candour is deserving of respect), is a stranger
to one of the principal subjects of the volume he was employed to edit.

The Committee of the _Anglo-Catholic Library_ are not persons who
require to be informed, that something more is demanded in an editor,
than industry in hunting out references, and transcribing scraps of
Latin. Nor could this passage have presented an instant's difficulty to
some whose names have stood on the list of the Committee from the
commencement of the undertaking. But this is the very thing which the
Subscribers have a right to complain of. They expected that the editors
employed should have the benefit of co-operation and consultation with
the Committee. They had a right to expect this. The Subscribers cannot
be expected to feel satisfied with the unrevised performance of an
anonymous editor. They had a right to expect, in the first place, that
the Committee would not engage any one to edit a book until they had
ascertained whether he was acquainted with the subject of which it
treated. They had a right to expect also, that the Committee would
exercise such a real and _bonâ fide_ superintendence and control as
should have prevented the possibility of any work, issued with the
sanction of their names, containing a confession so strange and so
humiliating, and manifesting a degree of editorial incompetency so
disappointing to the Subscribers, and so discreditable to the literary
and theological character of the country. The names of the gentlemen of
the Committee must be regarded as a pledge and guarantee that no such
case as this could occur. On the faith of that assurance, and in the
hope of receiving valuable editions of our standard theology, as well as
with a wish to encourage a most useful undertaking, many persons have
given their names and their subscriptions. There is too much reason to
think now that this assurance is of less value than could have been
anticipated. And when proof so unquestionable is thus forced on one's
notice, it can scarcely be thought surprising, that regret and
disappointment should be expressed by one who has been, from the




I notice the following paragraph in Mr. Howitt's _Visits to Remarkable
Places_, 1840, pp. 470, 471.:

  "Perhaps the most curious things about the chapel [of Winchester
  College] are the ancient stall-seats now affixed to the wall of
  the ante-chapel. These have their seats so fixed upon hinges that
  those who sit in them can only maintain their position by
  balancing themselves with care, and resting their elbows on the
  seat-arms; so that if the monks who used them dropped asleep
  during divine service, the seats came forward and pitched them
  headlong upon the floor; nay, if they only dozed and nodded the
  least in the world, the hard oaken seat clapped against the hard
  oaken back, and made a noise loud enough to attract the attention
  of the whole audience. Nothing was ever more cleverly contrived to
  keep people awake at church or chapel; and, no doubt, most of us
  know where they would be especially useful now."

On the latter point there is little room for doubt; but allow me to ask
whether this account of the use of the _miserere_ can be supported by
adequate authority, and is anything more than a joke? Mediæval monks
were, doubtless, sometimes caught napping; since Dr. Maitland (_Dark
Ages_, 2nd edit. pp. 336. and 337. n.) mentions an amusing expedient
employed in the monastery of Clugni for the detection of drowsy
brethren. What I doubt is, whether the _miserere_ was intended for that
useful purpose. In the _Glossary of Architecture_ (4th edit. p. 242.)
its use is thus described:--

  "They [_misereres_] were allowed in the Roman Catholic church as a
  relief to the infirm during the long services that were required
  to be performed by the ecclesiastics in a standing posture."

In such matters, I should imagine Mr. Parker to be a better authority
than his versatile contemporary; but if they were intended and permitted
only for the _infirm_, it seems rather remarkable that they are so
general in most cathedral or monastic churches that retain their ancient
fittings. I would also ask when were they first introduced, and by whose



_The Mother's Legacy to her unborn Child_, by Elizabeth Joceline. This
is the title to a thin octave volume printed at "Oxford at the Theater
for the satisfaction of the person of quality herein concerned, 1684."
This, the first edition, is of rare occurrence; that in the British
Museum being a dirty duodecimo chap book. "The Approbation" of the
volume bears the signature of "Thos. Goad." It is addressed as a legacy
"to her truly and most dearly-loved husband, Tourell Joceline." The
letter to her husband, and _The Mother's Legacy_, are two of as
beautiful, pious, and feeling compositions, as were ever penned by
woman. The latter is so full of religious instruction and exhortation to
faith in the mercies of a Redeemer, under the apprehension that she
might not survive the birth of a child, that it is surprising this
valuable little tract has not become a standard book for distribution by
the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.

My reason for bringing it under the notice of the correspondents of
"NOTES AND QUERIES" is my strong desire to learn of what family was
Tourell Joceline, the husband of this most excellent lady. Of that of
the lady herself, I gather the following particulars from Mr. Goad's
Approbation of the volume.

Elizabeth Joceline was the wife of Tourell Joceline, granddaughter of
Doctor Chaderton, sometime Master of Queen's College, Cambridge, and
Professor of Divinity in that university; afterwards Bishop, first of
Chester, and then of Lincoln; by whom she was, from her tender years,
carefully nurtured. Her father was Sir Richard Brooke; her mother the
daughter of Dr. Chaderton. She was born in 1595, and died in childbed in
1622, six years after her marriage, as she seems to have anticipated;
and hence her previous writing of the _Legacy_. The child, a daughter,
survived the mother.

I ought to add, that I parted with the first edition of _The Mother's
Legacy_ to the Rev. C. H. Craufurd, Rector of Old Swinford,
Worcestershire, in exchange for a volume of his sermons, 1840; at the
end of which he had printed the entire of _The Mother's Legacy_, which
is well worthy to be printed separately.

    J. M. G.


Minor Queries.

261. _Early Muster Rolls._--Are the muster rolls of the army that landed
with King William at Torbay, or of the army that served in Ireland in
1690 and 1691, now to be met with, and if so, where? Any information on
this subject will oblige



262. _Convocation for the Province of York._--The religious newspapers
recently gave us an account of the meeting of Convocation for the
province of _Canterbury_, but I have seen no account of the meeting of
Convocation in the province of _York_. Does that body ever meet, and is
any record kept of its proceedings?


263. _The Scent of the Bloodhound._--In a MS. (Camb. Univ. _Dd._ i. p.
542.) I find the following allusion to this subject:--

      "Þei far as doþ a blod hound
      Þat al times of þe yer
      Haþ fute and tast of eueri beste
      Þat hi folewiþ fer or ner:
      But _whan þe hawethorn bereth blomes,
      Þt hound haþ lorn his smel,
      If he fele swetnes of þe flouris_;
      And þus þe hunteris tel."

Is there any truth in this statement?

    C. H.

264. _Cooper's Miniature of Cromwell._--Can any of your readers inform
me what has become of the original miniature of Oliver Cromwell painted
by Samuel Cooper? It was long in the possession of Sir Joshua Reynolds,
and given by his will to Richard Burke the younger, who survived him
only two years, dying unmarried in 1794.

Should the portrait be still extant, and the subject attract any notice,
I am prepared to supply some authentic particulars as to its early
history, respecting which Northcote was completely misinformed. See his
_Life of Reynolds_, vol. ii. p. 221. 2d edition.


  Audley End, Nov. 1.

265. _Lines on Cagliostro._--Mr. Carlyle, in _Miscellanies_, 3rd edit.,
vol. iii. p. 324., quotes the following "epigraph," as appended to a
portrait of Cagliostro:

      "De l'Ami des Humains reconnaissez les traits:
      Tous ses jours sont marqués par de nouveaux bienfaits;
      Il prolonge la vie, il secourt l'indigence;
      Le plaisir d'être utile est seul sa récompense."

Is there any possibility of ascertaining, at the present day, to which
of the countless dupes of that "quack of quacks" we are indebted for
this hyperbolical effusion?


  St. Lucia, Sept. 1851.

266. _The Names and Numbers of British Regiments._--Formerly the
regiments in the British army were distinguished not by a particular
_number_, but the _name_ of an officer of rank.

I shall feel obliged by information on the following points:--

1. What was the origin of thus _naming_, instead of numbering,

2. _Who_ conferred the name? Was it done at the War-office, or how?

3. If in honour of an officer commanding the corps, was the name changed
when that officer died, or removed to another regiment; or what was the

4. When did the present mode of _numbering_ regiments begin, and by whom
was it introduced; and what was the rule adopted in applying the number
to each corps? I mean, what was the principle followed in giving any
regiment a certain number? Was it according to the length of time it had
been embodied?

5. What is the guide now, in identifying a _named_ with a _numbered_


267. _Praed's Charade._--Can any of your correspondents tell me the
answer to the following charade by W. M. Praed?

      "My first's an airy thing,
         Joying in flowers;
       Evermore wandering,
         In Fancy's bowers;
       Living on beauteous smiles
         From eyes that glisten;
       And telling of love's wiles
         To ears that listen.

      "But if, in its first flush
         Of warm emotion,
       My second come to crush
         Its young devotion,
       Oh! then it wastes away,
         Weeping and waking,
       And, on some sunny day,
         Is blest in breaking."

I have several of Praed's charades, but this is the only one of which I
have not the answer.

    E. C.

268. _Cozens the Painter._--Can any of your correspondents give me
information as to Cozens, the painter? The celebrated painter Turner has
declared that for much of the poetry of painting he is indebted to
Cozens. Now, on the wall opposite to which I am sitting, hangs a
portrait of Cozens by Pine, which has been sometime in our family. I
wish to know where I shall find mention of him, or where I can see any
of his works.

    C. S. B. S.

269. _Parliamentary Debates._--By the fortunate preservation of the MSS.
of Mr. Cavendish, there was a probability of our getting a pretty full
report of the proceedings of what has been called "the unreported
parliament," which sat from 1768 to 1774. Unfortunately, on the death of
Mr. Wright, the publication stopped, having arrived only to the debates
of March, 1771. Is there any chance of the further publication of this
important work? If not, where is the MS., and can it be consulted?

     P. D.

Minor Queries Answered.

_Merry Wakefield._--Whence arose the Yorkshire proverb "Merry
Wakefield?" Fuller mentions it in his _Worthies_; but does not give, or
guess at, its derivation.

    R. W. ELLIOT.

  [What peculiar cause of mirth the town of Wakefield hath above
  others, Fuller certainly confesses he cannot tell, unless that it
  may be entitled to that epithet from its cheapness, and the plenty
  of good cheer. Grose, however, adds, "Might it not be _mirrie_,
  that is, faithful Wakefield? and allude to some event in the
  disputes between the houses of York and Lancaster. _Mirrie-men_ is
  a term that frequently occurs in old ballads, signifying true or
  faithful men." While again it has been suggested that it derives
  this complimentary epithet from the reputation of that

      "Merry man the Pindar of the town
      Of Wakefield, George a Green, whose fames so far are blown;

  "for Braithwaite, in his _Strappado for the Divell_, applies it to
  both of them, when he speaks of

      "'Merry Wakefield and her Pindar too.']

_The two Kings of Brentford._--Occasionally when there is an expression
of ultra-friendship on the part of two persons who were before supposed,
their profession to the contrary notwithstanding, to hate each other
right heartily, the following comparison is elicited from the
bystanders: "They are like the two kings of Brentford smelling at one
nosegay." I have sought for the meaning of this _profound_ remark from
many denizens of that ancient locality, but hitherto without success; it
being, somewhat like the mud of Brentford, impenetrable.

Presuming that the remark, like most popular sayings, bears reference to
some foregone fact or event, I shall feel obliged by some one of your
contributors stating to what the adage refers, and what it is meant to
imply. Does it bear any relation to the fact that the two members for
Middlesex are nominated at Brentford? And is the comparison quoted from
any and what work?

    E. J. HYTCHE.

  [The saying owes its rise to the celebrated farce of _The
  Rehearsal_, written by _Villiers, Duke of Buckingham_, with the
  assistance of Butler, Spratt, and others, in order to correct the
  public taste by holding up the rhyming tragedies to ridicule. It
  is said that no less than ten years were employed in collecting
  and polishing the materials. The original hero was Davenant,
  satirized under the name of Bilboa; but Dryden eventually became
  its Bayes. The allusion referred to by our correspondent is to Act
  II. Sc. 2., where the stage direction is, "Enter the two Kings,
  hand in hand,"--where they probably did so--"smelling at one
  nosegay," although no such direction occurs; or to Act V. Sc. 1.,
  "The two right Kings of Brentford descend, in the clouds, singing,
  in white garments; and three Fidlers sitting before them in

_Meaning of V. D. M._--In the church of old St. Chads, Shrewsbury, there
is a tablet to a celebrated Nonconformist minister, Rev. Job Orton,
after whose name (which is twice mentioned) occurs the (to me) uncommon
suffix or designation V.D.M written thus--Rev. Job Orton, V.D.M. "Vir
dignus memoriæ," or "Veri Dei minister," &c., &c., may be suggested. All
I want to know is, whether it represents any recognised formula.

    G. R. M.

  [This suffix is _Verbi Dei Minister_, Minister of the Word of



(Vol. iii., pp. 369. 517.; Vol. iv., p. 150.)

I have read D'Israeli's list of the above, to which J. E. alludes in
Vol. iii., p. 369., and they are certainly well-known glaring instances
of the inconsistencies and absurdities into which artists may be led by
ignorance and total want of good taste and feeling: those given by J.
E., at the same page, are also unhappy examples. I cannot, however,
think that the instance, given by G. T. R. in Vol. iii., p. 517.,
deserves to be placed in the same category: the subject is, The Woman
taken in Adultery; and G. T. R. complains of the anachronism of
Steenwyk's having represented our Saviour as writing on the ground in
_Dutch_. But this is not necessarily the result of ignorance, and is
justifiable on the ground of making the painting more intelligible to
his countrymen. For the same reason the writing is often in Latin; and,
in fact, often as the subject has been painted, I do not recollect any
instance of the proper language being used. In making the scene take
place in a building of the architecture of the thirteenth century,
Steenwyk has erred (if error it be) in company with the best Italian
masters. Both Tintoretto and Paul Veronese engraft into their paintings
the architecture and other accessories of their own day. In Tintoretto's
celebrated picture of the Marriage of Cana, the artist has made use of
the drinking vessels and loaves of bread still used in Venice at the
present day. In fact, if strict accuracy were contended for, not a
single representation by the old masters of this subject, and of the
Last Supper, would pass muster, as, according to the facts of the case,
our Saviour and His disciples would not be sitting at a table, but
reclining on the ground. But I think these liberties not only
defensible, but that the artist's faculty of thus introducing
successfully into his paintings the scenes passing before his eyes is
often a great proof of his genius; and pictures often owe much of their
power and reality to this very circumstance. Space, as well as time, is
often annihilated not from ignorance or inadvertence, but purposely,
and with the most happy results. Tintoretto, in a painting of the
Entombment of Christ, has introduced the stable of Bethlehem in the
background; thus finely contrasting the birthplace of Him who was found
"lying in a manger" with the fulfillment of the prophecy of His being
"with the rich in His death:" and such liberties both of time and place
are equally allowable in pictures of at all an imaginative character,
the artist feeling that by sacrificing a minor and lower truth he can
gain a higher, or make his subject appeal more to the sympathies of his
spectators. The instance also noticed by P. P. in Vol. iv., p. 150., is
no mistake, but a legitimate employment of a symbol: the cross or flag,
with the motto "Ecce Agnus Dei," soon became the recognised symbol of
St. John the Baptist, and as such was generally used without reference
to the exact time when the motto became strictly applicable. The same
strict criticism which would disallow this license, would require the
Madonna to be always painted as a Jewess: but I cannot think that
paintings are fairly liable to such close and prosaic scrutiny. P. P.'s
instance of Zebedee's sons being represented as young children, is
treading on more doubtful ground, and some great counterbalancing gain
to the picture would alone justify such a bold alteration of facts: but
if the subject be altogether treated in an allegorical manner, it might
be defensible. His modern instances are, of course, sheer blunders, and
cannot be too severely reprehended; and artists must always remember
that such liberties should never be taken, unless by these means some
higher object is gained. Nor should modern painters expect the same
indulgence, until they express in their works the same spirit of
devotion, and simple, childlike earnestness of feeling, which
distinguish the early painters of the Italian Religious School.

    B. H. C.



(Vol. iv., p. 116.)

I have the pleasure of being able to refer MR. MARTIN to an
interpretation of this inscription. The mystical word AGLA belongs to
that species of Cabbala, used by the Rabbinical writers, which is called
_Notaricon_, and which consists of forming one word out of the initial
letters of a sentence. Thus Agla is composed of the initials of [Hebrew]
Attâh-Gibbor-Leholâm-Adonâi ("Thou art strong for ever, O Lord!"), and
signifies either "I reveal," or "a drop of dew," and is the cabbalistic
name of God.

They also reversed this process, and made an entire sentence
from the letters of one word: thus of תשארב, Bereshith, which
is the first word of Genesis, they made the sentence [Hebrew]
Bârâ-Râkiya-Eretz-Shâmayim-Yâm-Tehomoth (_i.e._ "he created the
firmament, the earth, the heavens, the sea, and the deep"). It
would, however, be more correctly written [Hebrew]. Vide _Dr.
Hook's Church Dictionary_, art. Cabbala.

In Arnaud's work on the Vaudois, translated by Acland (Murray, 1825),
there is mention made of certain inscribed talismans or preservatives,
found on the slain French soldiers of Marshal Catinat, the inscriptions
of which are given, and among them is one bearing the legend

    E. S. TAYLOR.

The word "AGLA" mentioned by your correspondent MR. MARTIN as being
inscribed on a ring, is mentioned by Reginald Scott in his _Discoverie
of Witchcraft_ (1584), as being inscribed on the conjuring knives
employed to describe the circles used in calling spirits. He gives a cut
of "the fashion or form of the conjuring knife, and the names thereon to
be engraved," and on one side is AGLA.

    E. H. K.

According to M. Collin de Plancy, in his _Dictionaire Infernal_, vol. i.
p. 34., this word is composed of the four first letters of the following
Hebrew words, _Athar_, _gabor leolam_, _Adonai_, "Thou art powerful and
eternal, O Lord," and was a cabbalistic word used against evil spirits.
A brooch of gold found near Devizes, and set with rubies in the form of
the letter [A], and having the word AGLA thereon, was shown at the
Winchester meeting of the Archæological Institute by W. Herbert Williams
(_Journal_, vol. iii. p. 359.).



(Vol. iv., p. 272.)

  "The inhabitants of Haverfordwest derived their origin from
  Flanders, and were sent by Henry I. to inhabit these districts; a
  people brave and robust, ever hostile to the Welsh; a people, I
  say, well versed in commerce and woollen manufactures; a people
  anxious to seek gain by sea and land, in defiance of fatigue or
  danger; a hardy race, equally fitted for the plough and sword; a
  people brave and happy," &c.--_Giraldus Cambrensis._

  "A.D. 1107. About this season a great part of Flanders being
  drowned by an inundation, or breaking in of the sea, a great
  number of Flemings came to England beseeching the king to have
  some void part assigned to them, wherein they might inhabit. At
  the first they were appointed to the countrie lieing on the east
  part of the Tweed; but within four years after they were removed
  into a corner by the sea-side in Wales, called Pembrokeshire, to
  the end that they might be a defence there against the unquiet
  Welsh. It would appear by some writers that this multitude of
  Flemings consisted not onlie of such as came over about that time,
  by reason their countrie was overflowed with the sea [as ye have
  heard], but also others that arrived there _long before_, even in
  the daies of William the Conqueror, through the friendship of the
  queen, their countriewoman, sithens their numbers so increased
  that the realme of England was sore pestered with them; whereupon
  King Henrie devised to place them in Pembrokeshire, as well to
  avoide them out of the other of England, as also by their helpe to
  tame the bold and presumptuous Welshmen: which thing in those
  parts they brought verie well to pass; for after they were settled
  there, they valiantlie resisted their enemies, and made verie
  sharp wars upon them, sometimes with loss and sometimes with

  "Wallenses Rex Henricus, semper in rebellionem crebris
  expeditionibus in deditionem premebat; consilioque salubri nixus,
  ut eorum tumorem extenuaret, Flandrenses omnes Angliæ accolas eò
  traduxit. Plures enim, qui tempore patris pro matris paternà
  cognatione confluxerant, occultabat Angliâ, adeo ut ipsi regno pro
  multitudine onerosi viderentur. Quapropter omnes cum substantiis
  et necessitudinibus apud Rôs provinciam Walliarum, velut in
  sentinam congessit, ut et regnum defæcaret, et hostium brutam
  temeritatem retunderet."--_William of Malmsbury._

  "The yeare 1108 the rage of the sea did overflow and drowne a
  great part of the lowe countrie of Flanders, in such sort that the
  inhabitants were driven to seeke themselves other dwellings; who
  came to King Henrie and desired him to give some voide place to
  remaine in; who being very liberal of that which was not his owne,
  gave them the lande of Rôs, in Dyvet or West Wales, where
  Pembroke, Tenby, and Haverfordwest are now built; and there they
  remaine till this daie, as may be well perceived by their speeche
  and conditions, farre differing from the rest of the
  countrie."--_Powell's Welsh Chronicle._

A similar colony is located in that part of Glamorgan called Gower; and
the Flemish population, both of Rôs and of Gower, still retain many
peculiar customs and words; while they scrupulously keep aloof from the
Welsh, each people looking down upon the other, and considering
intermarriage as a degradation. I have been told by a friend that
Flemish colonies were also located in Norfolk and Cambridgeshire. This
much is certain: in the last-named county fields are occasionally
divided between different proprietors, in the manner known as
"landshares," a custom which prevails to a great extent in Gower, and
also, I believe, in Rôs. Am I right in considering this Flemish


In an ancient map of this town, Pembroke (South Wales), of which the
language is Norman-French, two districts of ours are mentioned thus: _Le
grene_, which is now called "the green;" and _Monton_, now called
"mountain." As regards the first, not a portion of _green_ is
discoverable; it is a disagreeable street, close to a large mill and
sheet of water, with none of the conditions of a country green. I have
often wondered at the name, feeling persuaded that there never could
have existed such a spot here as would be so called, and was puzzled
till I last week saw this old map. Tracing the matter, although no
French substantive seems to exist spelled _grene_, the v.n. _grener_ and
its relatives afford a solution--as _grenier_ is a granary, and
_grenetis_ the mill round a coin: so that I take it for granted, as our
_green_ in fact is in the immediate neighbourhood of the corn-mill, that
from said pounding or grinding (_grener_) it solely is derived.

The solution of "mountain" is not so easy. It is a portion of the town
outside the old fortifications, at the _foot_ of a high hill; so never
could have been dignified by the term "mountain" from its height,--in
fact, it rises but little from the estuary, one arm of which here
terminates. The tide here ceases; up to this spot "la marée _monte_." Am
I right in conjecturing that _montant_ (pronounced just like _monton_),
meaning "rising" as well as mounting, may be the origin of the

All the early memorials of Pembroke are either Norman or Flemish, those
foreigners having settled here. We have no token of Welsh; perhaps there
are not six people in the town who can speak the language. The names of
some of the inhabitants are French and Flemish, and it is to be noted
that their personal appearance corresponds with the type of their
ancestral country. Our parish clerk, named _Freyne_, is a little
Frenchman to all intents and purposes; and our street-keeper, _Rushaut_,
has all the square stolidity and heavy features of the Low Countries.

Although unconnected with the foregoing, will you allow space for
another record? Only within a few years the last of a family, invariably
called "Cromwell," died. It was not their true name, but they have held
it to perpetuate the treason of their ancestor, who followed the great
Protector after he had temporarily abandoned the siege of Pembroke
Castle; and, procuring an interview on "Ridgway," an eminence between
here and Tenby, this unworthy townsman told the general to return, as
the garrison were reduced "to a bean a day." The advice was followed.
Pembroke was taken; but the stern captor ordered the traitor to be
hanged! Thenceforward the family ever went by the name of Cromwell.

    B. B.

Replies to Minor Queries.

_Broad Arrow_ (Vol. iv., p. 315.).--P. C. S. S. has always understood
that the "broad arrow" on government stores represented the _Pheon_, the
well-known arms of the Sydney family. Henry Viscount Sydney, afterwards
Earl of Romney, was Master-General of the Ordnance from July, 1693, to
June, 1702.

    P. C. S. S.

_Sacro-Sancta Regum Majestas_ (Vol. iv., p. 293).--In reply to the
second query of Βορέας, I send the following extract from Sir
James Ware's _Writers of Ireland_:--

  "John Maxwell was at first promoted to the Sees of Killala and
  Achonry, and afterwards translated to the archbishopric of Tuam.
  He writ a Treatise intitled, Sacro-Sancta Regum Majestas; Printed
  London, 1643 or 1644, 4to., which he published under the name of
  J.A. In answer to which came out a Tract intitled, Lex, Rex; The
  Law and the Prince, a dispute for the just Prerogative of King and
  People. Containing the Reasons and Causes of the most necessary
  defensive Wars of the Kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition
  for the aid and help of their dear brethren in England. In which
  their Innocency is asserted, and a full Answer is given to a
  seditious Pamphlet, intitled, Sacro-Sancta Regum Majestas, or the
  Sacred and Royal Prerogative of Christian Kings under the name of
  J. A. but penned by John Maxwell, the excommunicate Prelate.
  London, 1644, 4to."



Your correspondent Βορέας asks who was the author of the
_Sancta Regum Majestas, or the Sacred and Royal Prerogative of Christian
Kings_: Oxford, 1644.

This work has been by some erroneously attributed to Archbishop Ussher,
from the supposition that the letters J.A., subscribed to the
dedication, denoted Jacobus Armachanus; they signify, however, Johannes
Alladensis, and the real author was John Maxwell, Bishop of Killala. See
Ware's _Writers of Ireland_ (Harris's edit.), p. 357.

    J. H. T.

_Grimsditch_ (Vol. iii., pp. 192. 330.).--There is a wood so called in
the parish of Saffron Walden, which has long formed a part of the Audley
End estates. It is about a mile from the town, situated on the crest of
a steep hill, on the south side of the road leading to Linton, and from
its commanding position may have been at some time a military station.
Some portions of a fosse may still be traced on the lower edge of the
wood; but no tradition connected with its history has descended to us.
Warton, in his _Account of Kiddington_, Oxon, p. 62., edition 1815,
observes that Stukeley describes a fosse called Grimsditch, near
Ditchley House, between Stunsfield and Chipping Norton, the vallum of
which was eastward. He also says that the word means "the ditch made by
magic," and was indiscriminately applied to ancient trenches, roads, and
boundaries, whether British, Roman, Saxon, or Danish.

We learn from the same work, that there exists a vallum, or ridged bank,
within two miles of Ewelme, and near to Nuffield, called Grimsditch; and
the lands adjoining to it are described in a charter in or before the
reign of Richard I. as "extra fossatum de Grimisdic."


"_'Tis Twopence now_," &c. (Vol. iv., p. 314.).--I met with the lines
mentioned by your correspondent REMIGIUS in a newspaper about twenty
years ago, and cut them out. I cannot now remember the work it was said
they were copied from, nor do I quite understand if that is the
information REMIGIUS wants, or the verses themselves: but I think the
verses, and therefore inclose them.


      "A feeling sad came o'er me, as I trod the sacred ground
      Where Tudors and Plantagenets were lying all around:
      I stepp'd with noiseless foot, as though the sound of mortal tread
      Might burst the bands of the dreamless sleep that wraps the mighty

      "The slanting ray of the evening sun shone through those cloisters
      With fitful light, on regal vest and warrior's sculptured mail;
      As from the stained and storied pane it danced with quivering gleam,
      Each cold and prostrate form below seem'd quickening in the beam.

      "Now sinking low, no more was heard the organ's solemn swell,
      And faint upon the listening ear the last hosanna fell;
      It died--and not a breath did stir; above each knightly stall,
      Unmoved, the banner'd blazonry hung waveless as a pall.

      "I stood alone--a living thing midst those that were no more--
      I thought on ages that were past, the glorious deeds of yore--
      On Edward's sable panoply, on Cressy's tented plain,
      The fatal Roses twined at length, on great Eliza's reign.

      "I thought on Blenheim--when, at once, upon my startled ear
      There came a sound; it chill'd my veins, it froze my heart with fear,
      As from a wild unearthly voice I heard these accents drop--
      'Sarvice is done--it's tuppence now for them as wants to stop!'"


_Pauper's Badge_ (Vol. iv., p. 294.).--The 8 & 9 Wm. III. c. 30. s. 2.,
required all paupers in the receipt of parochial relief to wear a badge
bearing a large Roman "P", together with the first letter of the name of
the parish, cut either in red or blue cloth, upon the shoulder of the
right sleeve of the uppermost garment, in an open and visible manner,
under certain penalties, and prevented paupers who neglected to wear it
from being relieved. This provision of the statute was repealed by the
50 Geo. III. c. 52.; and although by the 55 Geo. III. c. 137. s. 2.
parish officers might cause goods, &c. to be branded with the word
"Workhouse," and such other mark or stamp as they thought proper, to
identify the parish, it was nevertheless provided, with the view of
preventing a revival of the former mark of degradation, that such mark
or stamp should not at any time be placed on any articles of wearing
apparel so as to be publicly visible on the exterior of the same.




Well may Mr. Layard plead the interest felt in the discoveries on the
site of Nineveh as a reason for the publication in a cheap and popular
form of his _Nineveh and its Remains_: and we know no work better
calculated to give value to Mr. Murray's _Reading for the Rail than A
Popular Account of Discoveries at Nineveh_. By Austen Henry Layard,
Esq., D.C.L. _Abridged by him from his larger Work._ The value of Mr.
Layard's first and larger publication has been so generally recognised,
that in calling attention to the present work, with its numerous and
spirited woodcuts, we feel bound to confine ourselves to pointing out
the plan pursued by the author in his abridgment; namely, that of
omitting the second part of the original work, and introducing the
principal Biblical and historical illustrations into the narrative,
which has thereby been rendered more useful and complete. "As recent
discoveries," observes Mr. Layard, "and the contents of the
inscriptions, so far as they have been satisfactorily decyphered, have
confirmed nearly all the opinions expressed in the original work, no
changes on any material points have been introduced into this
abridgment. I am still inclined to believe that all the ruins explored
represent the site of ancient Nineveh; and whilst still assigning the
later monuments to the kings mentioned in Scripture, Shalmanezer,
Sennacherib, and Essarhadon, I am convinced that a considerable period
elapsed between their foundation and the erection of the older palaces
of Nimroud."

After the pictures which our facetious contemporary Punch has furnished
of the troubles which an "unprotected female" encounters, who ventures
beyond the quiet circle of her domestic duties, one is predisposed to
regard as a heroine a lady who ventures unattended on a voyage round the
world. Madame Ida Pfeiffer has done this; and her narrative of her
adventures having excited great attention both in Germany and this
country, Messrs. Longman have shown themselves excellent caterers for
the reading public, by printing as the new parts of their _Traveller's
Library_, a selected translation of them by Mrs. Percy Sinnett, under
the title of _A Lady's Voyage round the World_. The work will be read
with great pleasure and interest; and while we wonder at the writer's
extraordinary passion for travelling, we feel that she has produced such
an amusing and instructive volume that we are glad that she had the
opportunity of indulging it. Mrs. Sinnett well characterises the book on
which she has employed her talents as a translator when she says, "Its
chief attraction will most likely be found in the personal narrative and
in the singular character of the authoress; who though apparently far
removed by circumstances from the romantic or adventurous, yet passes
through the most surprising scenes, and encounters the most imminent
perils with a calm and unconscious heroism that can hardly fail to
command admiration."

_The Gentleman's Magazine_ announces that the King of Denmark has
conferred the Order of Dannebrog on M. Worsaae, the author of the
_Primeval Antiquities of Denmark_, and other important works. This will
be gratifying intelligence to all who had the pleasure of making the
acquaintance of this accomplished antiquary during his visit to this
country. We hope the time is not far distant when similar distinctions
will be conferred in England on men of learning. The necessity for the
institution of some ORDER OF MERIT is insisted upon both in the
_Gentleman's Magazine_ for this month, and _The Athenæum_ of Saturday
last; and a communication urging its adoption, on novel and important
grounds, has reached us, unfortunately at too late a period in the week
to admit of its insertion in our present number.

Messrs. Puttick & Simpson (191. Piccadilly) will sell on Wednesday next
a portion of the Library (including numerous curious MSS. by Sir Isaac
Newton), Medals, &c. of the late Mr. Alchorne.

Messrs. Sotheby will sell on Monday and Tuesday the valuable Library of
Dr. Ford, late Principal of Magdalen Hall, and Professor of Arabic at
Oxford; and on Thursday and two following days, a valuable Collection of
Theological and Miscellaneous Books.

CATALOGUES RECEIVED.--T. Kershaw's (3. Park Street, Bristol) Catalogue
of another Portion of his Valuable Stock; W. S. Lincoln's (Cheltenham
House, Westminster Road) Catalogue No. 74. of Cheap Second-hand English
and Foreign Books; and Supplementary Catalogue of Italian Books.







LONG'S ASTRONOMY. 4to. 1742.




WILLIS'S ARCHITECTURE OF THE MIDDLE AGES. (10_s._ 6_d._ will be paid for
a copy in good condition.)

CARPENTER'S DEPUTY DIVINITY; a Discourse of Conscience. 12mo. 1657.

NEW MODELLED PAGANISM, &c., 1679. 4to.


JAMES WILSON'S ANNALS OF HAWICK. Small 8vo. Printed in 1850.


BRITISH POETS (CHALMERS', Vol. X.) London, 1810.



ERSKINE'S SPEECHES. Vol. II. London, 1810.


HOPE'S ESSAY ON ARCHITECTURE. Vol. I. London, 1835. 2nd Edition.

MULLER'S HISTORY OF GREECE. Vol. II. (Library of Useful Knowledge. Vol.


SCOTT'S (SIR W.) LIFE OF NAPOLEON. Vol. I. Edinburgh, 1837. 9 Vol.

SCOTT'S NOVELS. Vol. XXXVI. (Redgauntlet, II.); Vols. XLIV., XLV. (Ann
of Grerstein, I. & II.) 48 Vol. Edition.

SMOLLETT'S WORKS. Vols. II. & IV. Edinburgh, 1800. 2nd Edition.


CRABBE'S WORKS. Vol. V. London, 1831.

Four letters on several subjects to persons of quality, the fourth being
an answer to the Bishop of Lincoln's book, entitled POPERY, &c., by
Peter Walsh. 1686. 8vo.

the King, 1678, by William Lloyd, D.D. 1679. 4to.

COMMONS, May 29, 1685, by W. Sherlock, D.D. 4to. London, 1685.


ALMANACS, any for the year 1752.


1785. Vol. V.

SWIFT'S WORKS, FAULKNER'S EDITION. 8 Vols. 12mo. Dublin, 1747. Vol. III.


more copies.)

THE ANTIQUARY. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1816. Vols. I. and II.

HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF TWICKENHAM, being the First Part of Parochial
Collections for the County of Middlesex, begun in 1780 by E. Ironside,
Esq., London 1797. (This work forms 1 vol. of Miscell. Antiquities in
continuation of the Bib. Topographica, and is usually bound in the 10th

[Star symbol] Letters, stating particulars and lowest price, _carriage
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Fleet Street.

Notices to Correspondents.

H. N. E. _is referred to our_ 3rd Vol. p. 224. _for information on the
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J. S. B. (p. 240.) _Will this correspondent say how we can forward a
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H. C. DE ST. CROIX _is thanked. He will see that his kind offer has been

QUERIST _will find the line_--

      "Music hath charms to soothe a savage breast,"

_in Congreve's_ Mourning Bride. See "NOTES AND QUERIES," Vol. i., p.

C. H. B. _The reply referred to is unfortunately mislaid. It shall
appear, or be forwarded to our correspondent._

JAGER, _who inquires respecting the song of the_ "Ram of Derby," _is
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M. (Deptford) _will find the information he is in search of, respecting
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NOTES AND QUERIES _is published at noon on Friday, so that our country
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_Erratum._--In Mr. Murray's Advertisement of Oct. 18, the price of
Layard's _Popular Account of Nineveh_ is by error stated to be 30_s._
instead of 5_s._


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MSS., Deeds, Charters, Autographs, &c.

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      [List of volumes and pages in "Notes and Queries", Vol. I-IV]

      | Notes and Queries Vol. I.                                   |
      | Vol., No.     | Date, Year        | Pages     | PG # xxxxx  |
      | Vol. I No.  1 | November  3, 1849 |   1 -  17 | PG #  8603  |
      | Vol. I No.  2 | November 10, 1849 |  18 -  32 | PG # 11265  |
      | Vol. I No.  3 | November 17, 1849 |  33 -  46 | PG # 11577  |
      | Vol. I No.  4 | November 24, 1849 |  49 -  63 | PG # 13513  |
      | Vol. I No.  5 | December  1, 1849 |  65 -  80 | PG # 11636  |
      | Vol. I No.  6 | December  8, 1849 |  81 -  95 | PG # 13550  |
      | Vol. I No.  7 | December 15, 1849 |  97 - 112 | PG # 11651  |
      | Vol. I No.  8 | December 22, 1849 | 113 - 128 | PG # 11652  |
      | Vol. I No.  9 | December 29, 1849 | 130 - 144 | PG # 13521  |
      | Vol. I No. 10 | January   5, 1850 | 145 - 160 | PG #        |
      | Vol. I No. 11 | January  12, 1850 | 161 - 176 | PG # 11653  |
      | Vol. I No. 12 | January  19, 1850 | 177 - 192 | PG # 11575  |
      | Vol. I No. 13 | January  26, 1850 | 193 - 208 | PG # 11707  |
      | Vol. I No. 14 | February  2, 1850 | 209 - 224 | PG # 13558  |
      | Vol. I No. 15 | February  9, 1850 | 225 - 238 | PG # 11929  |
      | Vol. I No. 16 | February 16, 1850 | 241 - 256 | PG # 16193  |
      | Vol. I No. 17 | February 23, 1850 | 257 - 271 | PG # 12018  |
      | Vol. I No. 18 | March     2, 1850 | 273 - 288 | PG # 13544  |
      | Vol. I No. 19 | March     9, 1850 | 289 - 309 | PG # 13638  |
      | Vol. I No. 20 | March    16, 1850 | 313 - 328 | PG # 16409  |
      | Vol. I No. 21 | March    23, 1850 | 329 - 343 | PG # 11958  |
      | Vol. I No. 22 | March    30, 1850 | 345 - 359 | PG # 12198  |
      | Vol. I No. 23 | April     6, 1850 | 361 - 376 | PG # 12505  |
      | Vol. I No. 24 | April    13, 1850 | 377 - 392 | PG # 13925  |
      | Vol. I No. 25 | April    20, 1850 | 393 - 408 | PG # 13747  |
      | Vol. I No. 26 | April    27, 1850 | 409 - 423 | PG # 13822  |
      | Vol. I No. 27 | May       4, 1850 | 425 - 447 | PG # 13712  |
      | Vol. I No. 28 | May      11, 1850 | 449 - 463 | PG # 13684  |
      | Vol. I No. 29 | May      18, 1850 | 465 - 479 | PG # 15197  |
      | Vol. I No. 30 | May      25, 1850 | 481 - 495 | PG # 13713  |
      | Notes and Queries Vol. II.                                  |
      | Vol., No.      | Date, Year         | Pages   | PG # xxxxx  |
      | Vol. II No. 31 | June  1, 1850      |   1- 15 | PG # 12589  |
      | Vol. II No. 32 | June  8, 1850      |  17- 32 | PG # 15996  |
      | Vol. II No. 33 | June 15, 1850      |  33- 48 | PG # 26121  |
      | Vol. II No. 34 | June 22, 1850      |  49- 64 | PG # 22127  |
      | Vol. II No. 35 | June 29, 1850      |  65- 79 | PG # 22126  |
      | Vol. II No. 36 | July  6, 1850      |  81- 96 | PG # 13361  |
      | Vol. II No. 37 | July 13, 1850      |  97-112 | PG # 13729  |
      | Vol. II No. 38 | July 20, 1850      | 113-128 | PG # 13362  |
      | Vol. II No. 39 | July 27, 1850      | 129-143 | PG # 13736  |
      | Vol. II No. 40 | August  3, 1850    | 145-159 | PG # 13389  |
      | Vol. II No. 41 | August 10, 1850    | 161-176 | PG # 13393  |
      | Vol. II No. 42 | August 17, 1850    | 177-191 | PG # 13411  |
      | Vol. II No. 43 | August 24, 1850    | 193-207 | PG # 13406  |
      | Vol. II No. 44 | August 31, 1850    | 209-223 | PG # 13426  |
      | Vol. II No. 45 | September  7, 1850 | 225-240 | PG # 13427  |
      | Vol. II No. 46 | September 14, 1850 | 241-256 | PG # 13462  |
      | Vol. II No. 47 | September 21, 1850 | 257-272 | PG # 13936  |
      | Vol. II No. 48 | September 28, 1850 | 273-288 | PG # 13463  |
      | Vol. II No. 49 | October  5, 1850   | 289-304 | PG # 13480  |
      | Vol. II No. 50 | October 12, 1850   | 305-320 | PG # 13551  |
      | Vol. II No. 51 | October 19, 1850   | 321-351 | PG # 15232  |
      | Vol. II No. 52 | October 26, 1850   | 353-367 | PG # 22624  |
      | Vol. II No. 53 | November  2, 1850  | 369-383 | PG # 13540  |
      | Vol. II No. 54 | November  9, 1850  | 385-399 | PG # 22138  |
      | Vol. II No. 55 | November 16, 1850  | 401-415 | PG # 15216  |
      | Vol. II No. 56 | November 23, 1850  | 417-431 | PG # 15354  |
      | Vol. II No. 57 | November 30, 1850  | 433-454 | PG # 15405  |
      | Vol. II No. 58 | December  7, 1850  | 457-470 | PG # 21503  |
      | Vol. II No. 59 | December 14, 1850  | 473-486 | PG # 15427  |
      | Vol. II No. 60 | December 21, 1850  | 489-502 | PG # 24803  |
      | Vol. II No. 61 | December 28, 1850  | 505-524 | PG # 16404  |
      | Notes and Queries Vol. III.                                 |
      | Vol., No.       | Date, Year        | Pages   | PG # xxxxx  |
      | Vol. III No. 62 | January  4, 1851  |   1- 15 | PG # 15638  |
      | Vol. III No. 63 | January 11, 1851  |  17- 31 | PG # 15639  |
      | Vol. III No. 64 | January 18, 1851  |  33- 47 | PG # 15640  |
      | Vol. III No. 65 | January 25, 1851  |  49- 78 | PG # 15641  |
      | Vol. III No. 66 | February  1, 1851 |  81- 95 | PG # 22339  |
      | Vol. III No. 67 | February  8, 1851 |  97-111 | PG # 22625  |
      | Vol. III No. 68 | February 15, 1851 | 113-127 | PG # 22639  |
      | Vol. III No. 69 | February 22, 1851 | 129-159 | PG # 23027  |
      | Vol. III No. 70 | March  1, 1851    | 161-174 | PG # 23204  |
      | Vol. III No. 71 | March  8, 1851    | 177-200 | PG # 23205  |
      | Vol. III No. 72 | March 15, 1851    | 201-215 | PG # 23212  |
      | Vol. III No. 73 | March 22, 1851    | 217-231 | PG # 23225  |
      | Vol. III No. 74 | March 29, 1851    | 233-255 | PG # 23282  |
      | Vol. III No. 75 | April  5, 1851    | 257-271 | PG # 23402  |
      | Vol. III No. 76 | April 12, 1851    | 273-294 | PG # 26896  |
      | Vol. III No. 77 | April 19, 1851    | 297-311 | PG # 26897  |
      | Vol. III No. 78 | April 26, 1851    | 313-342 | PG # 26898  |
      | Vol. III No. 79 | May  3, 1851      | 345-359 | PG # 26899  |
      | Vol. III No. 80 | May 10, 1851      | 361-382 | PG # 32495  |
      | Vol. III No. 81 | May 17, 1851      | 385-399 | PG # 29318  |
      | Vol. III No. 82 | May 24, 1851      | 401-415 | PG # 28311  |
      | Vol. III No. 83 | May 31, 1851      | 417-440 | PG # 36835  |
      | Vol. III No. 84 | June  7, 1851     | 441-472 | PG # 37379  |
      | Vol. III No. 85 | June 14, 1851     | 473-488 | PG # 37403  |
      | Vol. III No. 86 | June 21, 1851     | 489-511 | PG # 37496  |
      | Vol. III No. 87 | June 28, 1851     | 513-528 | PG # 37516  |
      | Notes and Queries Vol. IV.                                  |
      | Vol., No.       | Date, Year         | Pages   | PG # xxxxx |
      | Vol. IV No. 88  | July  5, 1851      |   1- 15 | PG # 37548 |
      | Vol. IV No. 89  | July 12, 1851      |  17- 31 | PG # 37568 |
      | Vol. IV No. 90  | July 19, 1851      |  33- 47 | PG # 37593 |
      | Vol. IV No. 91  | July 26, 1851      |  49- 79 | PG # 37778 |
      | Vol. IV No. 92  | August  2, 1851    |  81- 94 | PG # 38324 |
      | Vol. IV No. 93  | August  9, 1851    |  97-112 | PG # 38337 |
      | Vol. IV No. 94  | August 16, 1851    | 113-127 | PG # 38350 |
      | Vol. IV No. 95  | August 23, 1851    | 129-144 | PG # 38386 |
      | Vol. IV No. 96  | August 30, 1851    | 145-167 | PG # 38405 |
      | Vol. IV No.  97 | Sept.  6, 1851     | 169-183 | PG # 38433 |
      | Vol. IV No.  98 | Sept. 13, 1851     | 185-200 | PG # 38491 |
      | Vol. IV No.  99 | Sept. 20, 1851     | 201-216 | PG # 38574 |
      | Vol. IV No. 100 | Sept. 27, 1851     | 217-246 | PG # 38656 |
      | Vol. IV No. 101 | Oct.  4, 1851      | 249-264 | PG # 38701 |
      | Vol. IV No. 102 | Oct. 11, 1851      | 265-287 | PG # 38773 |
      | Vol. IV No. 103 | Oct. 18, 1851      | 289-303 | PG # 38864 |
      | Vol. IV No. 104 | Oct. 25, 1851      | 305-333 | PG # 38926 |
      | Vol. IV No. 105 | Nov. 1, 1851       | 337-358 | PG # 39076 |
      | Vol I. Index. [Nov. 1849-May 1850]             | PG # 13536 |
      | INDEX TO THE SECOND VOLUME. MAY-DEC., 1850     | PG # 13571 |
      | INDEX TO THE THIRD VOLUME. JAN.-JUNE, 1851     | PG # 26770 |

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