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´╗┐Title: Ortus Christi - Meditations for Advent
Author: Paul, Mother St.
Language: English
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Works by the same Author:

    Meditations on the Religious Life.

    Meditations for Lent.

    Meditations on Our Lady.

    Meditations for Ascension-tide, Whitsun-tide and Corpus


London, New York, Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras.


    _Meditations for Advent_




    "_Ambulabunt gentes in lumine tuo et reges in splendore ortus tui._"
                                                (Is. lx. 3).


Nihil obstat

        Censor deputatus.


        Administrator Apostolicus.

Die 19 Aprilis 1921.


Reading these Meditations we discover with surprise how much spiritual
food is obtainable from a study of the lessons and liturgy of Advent.
Mother St. Paul is always a heart-searcher. She presses self-reform upon
souls, who to the eye of outward observers and perhaps in their own
conceit, have little or nothing to amend. We must always be following
Christ, and Christ is ever moving forward. Deliberately to stand still
is to widen the distance between ourselves and Him, an ungenerous, not
to say a dangerous thing to do. What are called here Meditations may
well be taken for daily spiritual reading in preparation for Christmas.
Advent after all is a season of joy, and these Meditations must be taken
in a joyful spirit. Courage and enthusiasm in the cause of Christ is the
supreme need of all Catholics who really _love His coming_. (2 Tim. IV.

                                       JOSEPH RICKABY, S. J.

    St. Beuno's College.


Although there are twenty-eight Meditations given in this book they will
not all be needed every year, for the length of Advent varies between
twenty-two and twenty-eight days. The Third Sunday of Advent _may_ fall
as late as December 17th (the first day of the "Great O's") and the
Fourth Sunday of Advent be Christmas Eve. The plan suggested, which will
suit all years, is to use No. 1 on Advent Sunday and the rest according
to choice till December 17th; from then to December 24th Nos. 21-28
should be used.



     1. Ortus Christi               (_Advent I_)     1

     2. Our Lady's Rest                              6

     3. My Sins--A Triptych                         11

     4. The Last Judgment                           16

     5. Traders and Talents                         21

     6. Stir up!                                    27

     7. St. John the Baptist, 1 His Preparation     33

     8. St. John the Baptist, 2 His Mission         39

     9. St. John the Baptist, 3 His Testimony       44

    10. St. John the Baptist, 4 His Martyrdom       49

    11. St. John the Baptist, 5 His Character       53

    12. "Incarnatus est"                            58

    13. "Ex Maria Virgine"                          63

    14. "The Lord is nigh"        (_Advent III_)    67

    15. The Interior Life, 1 Humility               73

    16. The Interior Life, 2 Oblation               77

    17. The Interior Life, 3 Imprisonment           81

    18. The Interior Life, 4 Hiddenness             85

    19. The Interior Life, 5 Prayer                 89

    20. The Interior Life, 6 Zeal                   93

    21. O Sapientia!            _December 17th._    99

    22. O Adonai! (_Expectation of Our Lady_)
                                _December 18th._   104

    23. O Radix Jesse!          _December 19th._   110

    24. O Clavis David!         _December 20th._   114

    25. O Oriens! (_Feast of St. Thomas_)
                                _December 21th._   118

    26. O Rex Gentium!          _December 22nd._   123

    27. O Emmanuel!              _December 23d._   127

    28. Christmas Eve           _December 24th._   130


Deus, qui de beatae Mariae Virginis utero, Verbum Tuum, Angelo
nuntiante, carnem suscipere voluisti: praesta supplicibus Tuis ut qui
vere eam Genitricem Dei credimus, ejus apud Te intercessionibus

O God Who didst please that Thy Word should take flesh, at the message
of an Angel, in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary; grant to Thy
suppliants that we who believe her to be truly the Mother of God, may be
helped by her intercession.

    (Collect for the Annunciation, said at Mass every day during

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui gloriosae Virginis Matris Mariae corpus
et animam, ut dignum Filii tui habitaculum effici mereretur, Spiritu
sancto cooperante, praeparasti: da, ut cujus commemoratione laetamur,
ejus pia intercessione, ab instantibus malis, et a morte perpetua

Almighty, everlasting God, Who by the co-operation of the Holy Ghost
didst prepare the body and soul of the glorious Virgin Mother Mary to
become a habitation meet for Thy Son; grant that as we rejoice in her
commemoration, we may, by her loving intercession, be delivered from
present evils and from everlasting death.

    (Collect said at Office after the _Salve Regina_.)

Conscientias nostras, quaesumus Domine, visitando purifica, ut veniens
JESUS Christus Filius Tuus Dominus noster cum omnibus Sanctis, paratam
Sibi in nobis inveniat mansionem.

Purify our consciences, we beseech Thee O Lord, by Thy visitation, that
when Thy Son JESUS Christ our Lord shall come with all His Saints, He
may find a mansion prepared in us for Himself.

    (Little Office B. V. M. Vespers for Advent.)


    O JESUS, vivens in Maria,
    Veni et vive in famulis Tuis,
    In spiritu sanctitatis Tuae,
    In plenitudine virtutis Tuae,
    In veritate virtutum Tuarum,
    In perfectione viarum Tuarum,
    In communione mysteriorum Tuorum;
    Dominare omni adversae potestati,
    In Spiritu Tuo, ad gloriam Patris.

    O JESUS, living in Mary,
    Come and live in Thy servants,
    In the spirit of Thy sanctity,
    In the fulness of Thy strength,
    In the reality of Thy virtues,
    In the perfection of Thy ways,
    In the communion of Thy mysteries.
    Dominate over every opposing power,
    In Thine own Spirit, to the glory of the Father.

    (300 days, once a day, Pius IX, Oct. 14 1859.)

    Sancta Dei Genitrix, ora pro nobis.
    Mater Christi, ora pro nobis.
    Vas spirituale, ora pro nobis.
    Vas honorabile, ora pro nobis.
    Vas insigne devotionis, ora pro nobis.
    Turris Davidica, ora pro nobis.
    Turris eburnea, ora pro nobis.
    Domus aurea, ora pro nobis.
    Foederis arca, ora pro nobis.
    Janua coeli, ora pro nobis.


                                            =Advent Sunday.=

     "=Arise=, be enlightened, ... for thy light is come, and the
     glory of the Lord is =risen= upon thee.... The Lord shall
     =arise= upon thee ... the Gentiles shall walk in thy light,
     and kings in the brightness of thy =rising=" (ortus).

                                              (Is. LX. 1-3).

_1st Prelude._ A picture of the first streaks of dawn.

_2nd Prelude._ Grace to arise because the Light has come.


The Church begins her new liturgical year with the words: "_Ad Te levavi
animam meam_"--To Thee have I lifted up my soul ("Introit" for
to-day)--as though she were straining her eyes to try to see something
on the horizon. She cannot see anything very definite yet, but she is
full of hope. _Deus meus, in Te confido, non erubescam_--My God I trust
in Thee, let me not be ashamed, do not let me lift up my eyes in vain,
she cries; and she keeps on looking. This will be her attitude all
through the season of Advent, an attitude of expectancy, of waiting, of
hope, of trust, of prayer. We know for what she is waiting--the _Ortus
Christi_--the Rising of Christ. "The Lord shall arise upon thee" is the
promise. "To Thee have I lifted up my soul" is her response. What is in
her mind when she sees those first streaks of light? They are to her an
earnest of what is coming, an earnest of the Advent of her Lord. St.
Bernard says that His Advent is threefold, that He comes in three
different ways: (1) In the flesh and in weakness, (2) in the spirit and
in power, (3) in glory and in majesty.

The Church knows how much these three Comings mean to her children, and
so at the first sign of dawn she forgets the long weary night, and calls
to each one: "_Arise_, be enlightened for thy light is come, and the
glory of the Lord is risen upon thee." "Behold the Bridegroom cometh, go
ye forth to meet Him."

Let us then begin our Advent in the spirit of the Church. Let us arise
once more as she bids us, rouse ourselves that is, to look with her at
the dawn, while we say to ourselves: "Behold He cometh leaping upon the
mountains, skipping over the hills. Behold He standeth behind our wall,
looking through the windows, looking through the lattices." As we look
we hear the voice of our Beloved, He is speaking to His Church. What has
He to say as soon as He comes in sight? "_Arise_, make haste, my love,
my dove, my beautiful one, and come" (Cant. II. 8-10). It is the same
injunction: "_Arise_."


If the Bridegroom is rising, it is evident that the Bride must do the
same. He is rising to come to His Bride, she must rise to go to Him.
How? By meditating on His Advents; by thanking Him once more for them;
by asking herself what use she has made of them hitherto, what use she
intends to make during this New Year that is beginning; by preparing
herself for them; by remembering that as His Bride she has a very real
share in each.

1. The _past_ Coming, "in the flesh and in weakness." We shall think
about this coming more especially at Christmas, for which the season of
Advent is a preparation. "The bright and morning star" (Apoc. XXII. 16)
will by then have risen in all its fulness. The Word will be made Flesh
and once more we shall _rise_ in the "quiet silence" of the night to
worship our God "in the flesh and in weakness."

2. The _present_ Coming, "in the spirit and in power"--His Coming in
grace to the soul, to dwell with it by His Spirit. "In _power_"--because
only He Who is omnipotent could work such a stupendous miracle as the
miracle of grace. This miracle could never have been worked, had it not
been for the first Coming. "The Word was made Flesh" that He might by
His death redeem His people and restore to them the kingdom of grace
which they had lost in Adam. This second Coming is to prepare us for the

3. The _future_ Coming, in "glory and in majesty" when He shall "come
again with glory to judge both the living and the dead," and when all
will be forced to _rise_ and go to meet Him whether they will or not. It
is those, who have _risen_ voluntarily to meet their God in His second
Coming, who will have no fear of the third. The second Coming, then, the
Coming in grace, is the most practical one for us as we begin our
Advent, and upon it we will meditate in our third point.


This is what God's Coming in grace means--a soul in the state of grace
is the host of the Blessed Trinity, neither more nor less. "_We_ will
come to Him and will make our abode with him," (St. John XIV. 23) and
from the moment that grace enters, the soul becomes the abode of God the
Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost.

It was at the moment of Baptism that our souls were raised to the
dignity of being hosts of God Himself. What happened then? God added to
the natural gifts with which He had endowed man _super_natural ones,
summed up in the gift of grace. What is that? A participation in His own
life, something which makes us "partakers of the _Divine_ nature." (2
Pet. I. 4). He created man thus in the beginning, for He meant man
always to possess supernatural as well as natural gifts. He meant always
to live with man and talk and walk with him in the paradise of his soul;
but Adam chased out the Divine Guest and lost this miraculous privilege
for all his children. God, however, could not rest content to be outside
the souls which He had created solely that He might live in them, and He
devised a way (the first Coming of Christ) by which He might get back to
the dwelling which He cherished so much. We need not follow the
beautiful story of the Redemption through all its wondrous steps, we
know it well enough; we will take it up at Baptism, when the divine gift
of life which Adam lost was restored to the soul, when God came back to
His chosen dwelling, and the soul regained its responsible position of
host to the Blessed Trinity. When Satan had noticed that the soul was
left exposed, that it was a human soul only, with nothing divine about
it, he naturally had taken possession, as he does of all empty houses;
(St. Matt. XII. 44) so at Baptism the Priest said: "Depart from him,
thou unclean spirit, and give place to the Holy Ghost." Where the Holy
Ghost is, there are also the Father and the Son. The Blessed Trinity,
then, waits to take possession of each soul, waits to come back to Its
own, waits to restore the privilege that man had at the beginning.

Thus the new creation takes place, and the soul is no longer a human
soul only, but divine, for the Divine Life within has made it one with
Itself. Does man realize this privilege and rise to it? No! For the
greater part of Christians we are obliged to say: No. As soon as they
come to years of discretion, they invite back the unclean spirit and
chase out their Divine Guest. What base ingratitude! And what folly!
But God, who is rich in mercy is not repelled by such conduct; His one
thought is to go back to His Temple which has been so profaned, and the
scheme of Redemption included a method, (the Sacrament of Penance,)
whereby, if man would, he could drive out the devil and invite back the
Divine Guest. Is God angry? Does He upbraid? Does He allude to the past
and throw doubts on the future? No, He _loves_, and all He asks in
return is love. Such is our Guest!

Now what is my side of this great question? I am, or if I am not, I can
be, a Temple of God. God is living within me. How much do I think about
it? I often talk about recalling the Presence of God, but it is His
Presence _within_ me that I have to recall. I make Acts of Contrition,
of Love. To Whom? To the God within me. Do not let me forget that my
heart is an altar where I can, whenever I will, adore God. He is there
to walk with me and talk to me as He did to Adam of old. He wants me to
live side by side with Him, and talk to Him as naturally as I do to my

Let me try this Advent, as one of the best ways of preparing for the
Coming of Christ at Christmas, and for His Coming in judgment, to
_realize_ what the supernatural life means, what _God in me_ means, what
it means to be the host always of God Himself. The realization will
transform my life, will alter my point of view, will change me from a
mediocre Christian into one who is filled with a great idea and who is
occupied with it every moment of his time--an idea which is ever
stimulating him to aim higher. _God in me_--then I am never alone, my
life is intimately bound up with God's life. I am a partaker of His
nature. O my God, forgive me for having thought of it so little; help me
to _rise_ to my great privileges. I thank Thee for letting a few streaks
of Thy Divine Light reach my dark soul, and by the time that the Sun of
Justice has risen in all His splendour this Advent, may my soul be
flooded with the new light which the realization of the Divine Presence
within it, will surely bring.

_Colloquy_ with God within me.

_Resolution._ To realize this truth to-day, and every day more and more.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "We will come to Him and make our abode with Him."


     "In omnibus requiem quaesivi, et in hereditate Domini

     In all these I sought rest, and I shall abide in the
     inheritance of the Lord.

                                         (Ecclus. XXIV. 11).

_1st. Prelude._ A statue of Our Lady.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to "abide in the inheritance of the Lord."

That the Church intends us to spend the season of Advent with our
Blessed Mother is quite evident to anyone who takes the trouble to study
the Liturgy. The Bridegroom is coming, but it is through the
Virgin-Mother that He will come; and if we would be amongst the first to
greet Him, if we desire a large share of His grace, if we would have no
fear of His judgments, we must keep close to Mary.


The Church applies these words to Mary; let us try to see what they mean
and how far we may copy her in her determination. "The inheritance of
the Lord," what is it? The words bear many interpretations but we
cannot be wrong, surely, in thinking that this inheritance was Mary's
own soul; it was indeed "the inheritance of the Lord," an inheritance to
which the Blessed Trinity had a special right, the Father because He had
created her in grace, the Son because He had saved her from the stain of
original sin, the Holy Ghost because He had ever sanctified her and kept
her "full of grace." But what was it that made _this_ inheritance more
pleasing to God than any of the other souls which He had redeemed?
Mary's correspondence with grace we naturally answer; but what do we
mean by that? We mean, or we ought to mean, that Mary realized to the
full that God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost lived
within her; and hence her resolution to abide in "the inheritance of the
Lord," never to leave her Divine Guest, never to forget that she was the
host and that it was her privilege to entertain. This is surely the
secret of Mary's life and of her correspondence with grace. She dwelt in
closest union with the God who dwelt within her.


Where did she seek this rest, this calm of which her whole life speaks?
Within her own soul with her Divine Guest, in other words Mary lived an
_interior_ life. She preferred a life inside with God, to one outside in
the world. Hers was a continual realization of God's Presence--of God's
Presence within her; and it was this realization which enabled her to
find rest in every circumstance of her chequered life. She did not allow
outward events to mar her interior calm. Her Divine Guest was always
there and to Him she could always turn. The consequence was that she was
never agitated, disquieted, excited, anxious, troubled. She dwelt "in
the inheritance of the Lord," and there she sought rest in all things
whether it was in:

The joy of the Archangel's visit, or the difficulty of her visit to

The anguish of the reception at Bethlehem, or the joy at the birth of
her Son.

The Angels who sang: _Glorias_ at His birth, or the neighbours who made
unkind remarks.

The shepherds who came to worship in their poverty, or the Wise Men in
all their pomp and splendour.

The ecstasy caused by her Babe's smile, or the distress caused by His

The words of the Angel: "Of His Kingdom there shall be no end," or the
words of Simeon: He shall be "a sign which shall be contradicted."

The peaceful home-life with JESUS and Joseph, or the hurried flight into

The anguish of losing Him (Desolation), or the joy of finding Him

The active work for the little household, or the times of contemplation
at JESUS' feet.

The long, happy days at Nazareth with her Son, or the sad day when He
left His Mother's roof.

The account of His success: "All men go to Him," or the account of His
failure: "They all forsook Him and fled."

The cry: "Hosannah, blessed is He!" or the cry: "Crucify Him, crucify
Him! it is not fit that He should live."

The agony of watching Him suffer and die, or the delight of seeing His
glorified Body.

The pain of being left in exile on earth, or the joy of hearing Him say:
"Arise, My fair one and come, the winter is over."

       *       *       *       *       *

_In omnibus requiem quaesivi._--Not that all these things were the same
to her, not that she was indifferent or did not care, she cared more
than anyone else could, for her heart was perfect and therefore more
delicate and sensitive than any other except the Sacred Heart of JESUS.
What then was her secret? That she lived with the Blessed Trinity, and
that made her see God's Will in all that happened to her, and see it so
vividly that she almost lost sight of the particular circumstances, and
hardly knew whether they were painful or joyful. The pain was a joy
because it was God's Will, and the joy was only a joy because it was
God's Will; so she never wanted to change any thing. She sought rest in
the holy habitation, the home of the Blessed Trinity; she pondered
things over in her heart, that is, she talked about them with her Divine


The child must copy the Mother. How is it with me? Surely if anyone
ought to realize the Divine Presence within, it is a child of Mary! How
far do I copy Our Lady in her interior life? What do I know of that deep
calm within, into which I can always retire and seek rest, and where I
can, if I will, rest so entirely that outward circumstances make little
difference? If I have made the same resolution as Our Lady; namely, to
"abide in the inheritance of the Lord;" pain and anxiety and difficulty
will be an actual source of joy, because they afford an excuse for an
extra visit to the Home within, and for longer conversations than usual
with my loved Guest. If a difficulty or a humiliation or something that
I do not like comes in my way, I shall not be troubled, my first thought
will be with my Divine Guest. _He_ has permitted this, even planned it.
I will go and talk to Him about it, find out what He means, what He
wants me to do and how I can best act in the circumstances to gain glory
for Him. This is what is meant by the interior life, and it _can_ be, it
_ought_ to be, far stronger than the exterior. It means a holy
indifference to everything except God's Will; it means rest and peace
about everything that happens, without any desire to have things
altered; it takes all anxiety and disquiet and perplexity out of life
and leaves a great calm which nothing has the power to disturb _except_
a will in opposition to God's Will.

_In omnibus requiem quaesivi._--Is it so very hard? Perhaps, for it
means the spiritual life, and that means a continual battle against
self; but it is a battle worth fighting. To fight is not only the way to
"_seek_ rest," but it is also the surest way to obtain it; for they
alone who are continually fighting to keep the enemy out can hope to
detain their Divine Guest within.

_Colloquy_ with Mary. Help me, my Mother, to dwell, this Advent, in "the
inheritance of the Lord," and when outward things are too much for me
and I am apt to behave in a manner unworthy of a child of thine, do thou
lead me by the hand into the place of rest and calm, where God Himself
dwells, and where I shall see things from His point of view.

"O God, who didst please that Thy Word should take flesh, at the message
of an angel, in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary, grant to Thy
suppliants, that we who believe her to be truly the Mother of God may be
helped by her intercession."

(Collect to be said every day at Mass from Advent to Christmas Eve.)

_Resolution._ To "abide in the inheritance of the Lord" to-day.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "In all things I sought rest."


     "The night is past, and the day is at hand; let us therefore
     cast off the works of darkness and put on the armour of

        (From the "Epistle" for the First Sunday of Advent).

_1st. Prelude._ The Foot of the Cross where my sins have all been laid.

_2nd. Prelude._ The grace of contrition and firm resolution.

It is clear from the words which she has chosen for her "Epistle" for
the First Sunday of Advent that the Church intends us during this solemn
season to think about sin,--the darkness of the past night and the light
of the day that is coming and our duty with regard to both. It is not
sin in the abstract, but our own personal sins that we are to consider.
"Let _us_ cast off the works of darkness." If the Apostle Paul included
himself in that "_us_," we need not fear to do the same. It is meet,
when we are thinking on the one hand of Him Who is coming to save us
from our sins and on the other of His coming to judge us "according to
our works," that we should give some thought to those sins. Nothing will
better help us to understand the mercy of the Saviour and the justice of
the Judge than a meditation upon our own sins. God _forgets_ the sins He
has forgiven, but it is better for us, more wholesome and more
humiliating, to remember them sometimes. David says: "My sin is always
before me" (Ps. L. 5). The object of this meditation, then, is not to
cause trouble in the soul--trouble about sins that are _forgiven_ can
only come from the devil--but to excite in us a deeper contrition, more
gratitude and a greater watchfulness.


Am I to consider all the sins of my life? The subject seems so vast, it
is difficult to know how to condense it so that I may be able to bring it
within my grasp. All sin may be summed up in one word--disobedience--_non
serviam_. It was the sin of the Angels, it was the sin of our first
parents and it is at the root of every sin that has ever been committed.
God says: Thou shalt not, the sinner says: I will. God says: Do this and
thou shalt live; the sinner says: I will not, I would rather die. Sin is
man's will in opposition to God's Will. This thought simplifies the
subject and makes it easier for me to call up the sins of my life and
look at them. Let me make a picture of them--a triptych, a picture, that
is, with three panels side by side, the middle one shall be called
_Places_, that on the right hand _Persons_ and that on the left _Work_.

1. _Places._ As I look at the middle picture I see it consists of
numbers and numbers of small ones, each representing some place that is
familiar to me--there is the house where I was born, there the school I
attended, houses I have visited, hotels where I have stayed, gardens,
playgrounds, lonely roads, walks on cliffs, villages, towns, churches,
the sea-side, trams, omnibuses, trains, boats, bicycles, carriages,
stations.... I am fascinated and cannot help looking still, though the
variety and number are almost bewildering. Each picture is so familiar;
some awaken sweet and precious memories, from some I quickly turn away
my eyes. All can witness to my presence, how many can witness also to my
sins? "Indeed the Lord is in this place, and _I knew it not_." (Gen.
XXVIII. 16). That may to some extent be true and if so there is One who
is always ready to say: "Father, forgive them for they know not what
they do." _I_ know how much I knew, and the best thing, the only thing
for me to do is to make an Act of Contrition.

2. _Persons._ I turn to the right hand panel and there are crowds and
crowds of _faces_, each one familiar--father, mother, brothers, sisters,
relations, servants, teachers, scholars, friends, enemies, priests,
confessors, acquaintances ... what impression have I left upon each of
these? If they could be called up and asked: "What did you think of so
and so?" what would they have to say? They would have something, for I
left _some_ impression--and yet _none_ of them know me as I really am.
The three Persons of the Blessed Trinity have been near me _always_ and
always observant. They really know me. What have _They_ to say? "If
Thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities, Lord, who shall stand it?" (Ps.
CXXIX. 3).

This picture makes me sad! That is just what Our Lord wants from this
meditation. Let me offer once more my heartfelt contrition and He will
be glad that I had the courage to open the triptych.

3. _Work._ As I turn to the panel on the left I feel that I can breathe
more freely--my work will certainly give satisfaction! It is something
to be proud of; I have always got on well; I have never been idle and I
have had a certain measure of success, and I feel that in that respect
at any rate my life will bear inspection. But this picture too, as I
look at it, seems to be divided up. Yes, I can see quite clearly all the
different works upon which I have been engaged. All are very familiar
and bring back for the most part happy memories, but some of them seem
to be labelled.--What is it that is written across them? "_You did it to
Me._" And all the rest that have no labels? They do not count--so
evidently considered the One Who put on the labels. He left them, passed
them over, there was nothing there _for Him_. But that hospital that
was founded is not labelled, nor that legacy promised for a charitable
purpose! Surely some of these without labels are "good works!" And these
that are labelled are such insignificant things, things I should never
have remembered at all if they were not in the picture--a kind word, a
smile, a hasty word kept back because I knew it would pain _Him_,
suffering cheerfully borne because I wanted to be like Him who suffered
for me. Why these and not those? Because He prefers _little_ things? No,
but because of the motive. Had the hospital been built out of love for
Him and His sick, had it been built for the glory of God and not for the
glory of self, it too would have been labelled. Had the hasty word been
kept back that others might notice my self-control, it would _not_ have
been labelled. What counts with God is the intention with which a thing
is done. If it is done out of love for Him, no matter how insignificant
it is, yea, no matter how badly done, it will surely be labelled "_You
did it to Me_," and it will last when the mighty works that men have so
much praised are crumbling in the dust, labelled with another label _You
did it not unto Me_. Have I not need to make another Act of Contrition
as I think of my works, my love of gain, my ambition, love of praise and
success, of the motives of my so-called works of charity, of the times
in which I have allowed my work to take the first place in my life,
while my soul had to take the second?

I shut up my triptych and leave it at Thy Feet O my JESUS, where the
Blood from Thy Wounds may ever drip upon it, while I with Magdalen stoop
and bathe Thy Feet with my tears.


As I look up, I see my triptych opened again and all the thousands of
little pictures seem to be transformed. Each one is speaking to me of
God's goodness and tenderness and love. How good it is to turn away from
my own misery to His infinite mercy; yea, more--to recognize that the
one is the cause of the other! And this is what He wants. If the sight
of self does not lead me instinctively to look at Christ, it is a very
dangerous thing, for it can only lead to despondency and discouragement.
The object of looking at self and its deeds is so to look that
everything good or evil may shrivel up and disappear, till self is there
no longer, but Christ only and all _He_ has done either for or through
me. As I gaze now at the picture, I no longer see the places on earth
which have known me for short periods of time, but my place in Heaven
which by His mercy, if I persevere to the end, is to know me through all
eternity; not my dear ones as I saw them on earth, but as they are now
in my heavenly country waiting for me; not my innumerable sins of
omission, nor my "good works" done to please self, but the work of Him
who always pleased His Father, work which has made up for all my
omissions, and which shines through every thing that I have done for
Him, making it, too, acceptable to His Father. It seems to me now that I
want to linger over the picture, for His mercies are indeed infinite,
and I shall never be able to thank Him enough for them.

But does He, the God of infinite mercy and plenteous redemption, never
look at my pictures? He says: "I will forgive their iniquity, and I will
remember their sin no more" (Jer. XXXI. 34); and it is true. He will
never open my triptych for the sake of looking at my sins, but may He
not open it for the joy of seeing each of those thousands of pictures
shining with pearls--the tears of contrition? Do not let me disappoint
Him. This is the chalice of consolation which I can offer to the Sacred
Heart in reparation.

_Colloquy_ with JESUS thanking Him for making me look at my triptych and
for all that He has taught me in it.

_Resolution._ Never to look at my sins without at once seeing
_Christ_--a sight which will necessarily produce humility, gratitude and

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "My sin is always before me" but "Thou shalt give
joy and gladness.... and my mouth shall declare Thy praise" (Ps. L. 5,
10, 17).


     "The powers of Heaven shall be moved; and then shall they see
     the Son of Man coming in a cloud with great power and

               (The "Gospel" for the 1st. Sunday of Advent.)

_1st. Prelude._ The Last Day.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to meditate upon it.

The Church invites us during Advent to turn our thoughts towards the
Second Coming of Christ--His Coming in judgment at the end of the world.
The subject of the Last Judgment is perhaps one which we are rather
inclined to avoid in our Meditations; but it is one about which Our
Blessed Lord said a great deal; it is continually mentioned, too, in the
Epistles and in the Apocalypse, and as we shall most certainly take a
part in that last great scene of the world's drama, it is surely well
for us to have a rehearsal from time to time.


_When will He come?_ God "hath _appointed_ a day wherein He will judge
the world in equity by the Man whom He hath appointed." (Acts XVII. 31).
The day then is _fixed_, "but of that day and hour no one knoweth, no
not the Angels of Heaven, but the Father alone." (St. Matt. XXIV. 36).

_How will He come?_ He "shall so come as you have seen Him going into
Heaven" (Acts I. 11), the Angel told the Apostles who had just watched
His Ascension. He will come, that is, in His beautiful Resurrection
Body, dazzling with brightness and glory, with the wounds in Hands and
Feet and Side. He will come "with much power and majesty" (St. Matt.
XXIV. 30) for He will come to judge, not to preach penance nor atone for
sin; He will come unexpectedly "as a thief in the night" (1 Thess. V. 2)
"at what hour you think not" (St. Luke XII. 40); He will come "with
thousands of His Saints" (Jude 14) for all those "who have slept through
JESUS will God bring with Him" (1 Thess. IV. 13); He will bring, too,
"all the Angels with Him" (St. Matt. XXV. 31); He will come "with the
voice of an Archangel, and with the trumpet of God" (1 Thess. IV. 15);
He will come "with the clouds" (Apoc. I. 7); He will come "in the glory
of His Father with His Angels" (St. Matt. XVI. 27); He will come "as
lightning" (XXIV. 27) and before Him will come His Cross--"the sign of
the Son of man" in the heavens (verse 30), every eye shall see it. What
different emotions that sign will excite!


"Every eye shall see Him, and they also that pierced Him. And all the
tribes of the earth shall bewail themselves because of Him" (Apoc. I.

"We shall all rise again." (1 Cor. XV. 51).

"The sea will give up the dead that are in it, and death and hell ...
their dead that are in them." (Apoc. XX. 13).

"The dead who are in Christ shall rise first." (1 Thess. IV. 15).

"We shall be changed, for this corruptible must put on incorruption, and
this mortal must put on immortality." (1 Cor. XV. 52).

"He shall send His Angels with a trumpet, and a great voice, and they
shall gather together His elect from the four winds." (St. Matt. XXIV.

"Then we who are alive, who are left, shall be caught up together with
them (those who died in Christ) in the clouds to meet Christ." (1 Thess.
IV. 16).

"Then shall He sit upon the seat of His Majesty," (St. Matt. XXV. 31)
and "render to every man according to his works." (chap. XVI. 27).

Then "the heavens shall pass away with great violence, and the elements
shall be melted with heat, and the earth and the works which are in it
shall be burnt up." (2 Pet. III. 10). And all these events are to take
place "in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye!" (1 Cor. XV. 52).

With the vivid words of Scripture before us, it is not difficult to make
a picture of the scene--the sign of the Cross where all can see it; the
voice of the Archangel and the trumpet of God heralding the approach of
the Judge; the Son of Man, coming in the clouds with all His Angels and
thousands of His Saints (all those from Heaven and Purgatory); the cries
of those to whom His coming is as that of "a thief in the night" (1
Thess. V. 2); the shouts of joy of "the children of light" (verse 5);
the opening of the graves, the sea giving up its dead and the reunion of
each soul, whether from Heaven, Purgatory or hell, with its body; the
changing of the bodies of those who are living on the earth into
Resurrection bodies; then the great multitude of the elect clothed in
their bodies of immortality rising to meet their Lord in the air; then
"the great white throne" set up and He who is "appointed by God to be
Judge" (Acts X. 42) taking His seat upon it, "His garment ... white as
snow ... His throne like flames of fire ... thousands of thousands"
ministering to Him (Dan. VII. 9, 10); the dead, great and small,
standing in the presence of the throne (Apoc. XX. 12), "ten thousand
times a hundred thousand" standing before Him. (Dan. VII. 10).


(1) _The Separation._ Quickly the Angels separate that vast multitude
into two companies--those on His right Hand and those on His left, the
sheep and the goats, those who are to enter into life everlasting and
those who are to enter into everlasting punishment (St. Matt. XXV. 46);
those who have been faithful over the few things entrusted to them and
those who have hidden their Lord's talent; those whose lamps are burning
and those whose lamps are going out. There is fixed a great chaos
between the two companies, so that they who would pass from one side to
the other _cannot_, it is too late. (St. Luke XVI. 26).

(2) _The books._ "And the books were opened ... and the dead were judged
by those things which were written in the books, according to their
works." "And another book was opened, which is the book of life," and
only "they that are written in the book of life of the Lamb" shall enter
Heaven. (Apoc. XX. 12, XXI. 27). "Every man's work shall be manifest" (1
Cor. III. 13); "every idle word that men shall speak, they shall render
an account for it in the day of Judgment" (St. Matt. XII. 36). Then will
be seen, and _all_ will acknowledge it, the triumph of right over wrong,
the triumph of the Kingdom, the triumph of Christ; then will be
adjusted all that we have so often longed to adjust but could not, for
"let both grow together till the harvest" was the King's order. Then
will seeming injustices be explained and crimes that have called to
Heaven for vengeance receive their just reward. Then will the unanimous
cry be: "The Lord He is God," and all will be forced to add: "He doeth
all things well."

(3) _The Sentences._ There are only two: (1) "Then shall the King say to
them that shall be on His right Hand: Come, ye blessed of my Father,
possess you the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the
world." He tells them why they are to have such a blessed reward--they
have been faithful subjects of their King during their lives on earth,
they have ministered to His needs, lived for Him and not for self. They
seem surprised, they cannot remember doing acts of charity to their King
and He explains: "As long as you did it to one of these My least
brethren, you did it to Me." (St. Matt. XXV. 40). The sentence "Come" is
pronounced on those who lived their lives for their King, who did all
they had to do, no matter what it was, for Him, thus uniting themselves
with Him, and now He will unite Himself with them for all

(2) "Then He shall say to them also that shall be on His left Hand:
Depart from Me, you cursed, into everlasting fire." And again He gives
His reasons for this terrible punishment--they would not acknowledge Him
as their King, would not serve Him, lived for self instead of for Him
and His brethren: "As long as you did it _not_ to one of these least,
neither did you do it to Me" (verse 45). During their lives they
separated themselves from the King and His interests: "We will not have
this Man to reign over us;" now He will separate Himself from them for
all eternity.--"_Depart from Me!_"

Then He "will say to the reapers: Gather up first the cockle, and bind
it into bundles to burn, but the wheat gather ye into My barn." (St.
Matt. XIII. 30). "The Angels shall go out, and shall separate the wicked
from among the just, and shall cast them into the furnace of fire"
(verses 49, 50). "Then shall the just shine as the sun in the Kingdom of
their Father. He that hath ears to hear let him hear" (verse 43).


        Inter oves locum praesta,
        Et ab hoedis me sequestra,
        Statuens in parte dextra.
        (Among the sheep grant me a place,
        separate me from the goats,
        placing me on Thy right Hand).

_Resolution._ To remember "the doctrine ... of eternal judgment" (Heb.
VI. 2) to-day.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "He shall come again to judge the living and the


     "A man going into a far country called his servants and
     delivered to them his goods; and to one he gave five talents,
     and to another two, and to another one, to every one
     according to his proper ability; and immediately he took his

                                        (St. Matt. XXV. 14).

_1st. Prelude._ JESUS telling this parable to His disciples.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to learn the lessons from it which He intended.


It is Christ Himself Who is the Author of this parable and He told it to
show us how we are to prepare for His Coming. Every word of it is of
importance and bears some instruction or warning for Advent.

The "_man going into a far country_" is the Man-God, He Who came from
Heaven to take our human nature and to redeem us to God by His Blood.
His work of Redemption is finished and He is going back to His own
country--"_A far country_"--implying that He will be gone a long time.

(He) "_called His servants_." They are His own servants, He has created
them, He has bought them with His Blood, they belong to Him--their
service, their time, their very lives are His, and this not because they
are _slaves_ forced to labour, but because of their own free will and
out of love and gratitude to Him who has bought them from the cruel
slavery of sin, they have said: "I love my Master ... I will not go out
free" (Ex. XXI. 5).

"_And (He) delivered to them His goods._" They are _His_ goods not the
servants', they all belong to Him and He entrusts them to His servants
to take care of them and to do the best they can with them while He is
gone. What are these "goods?" All the good things which God has given to
man--his life, his preservation, his Baptism, his christian education,
intellect, faith, health, rank, wealth, talents, conscience,
opportunities of doing good, position,--and all have to be traded with,
for the Master to Whom they belong. His "goods" include too what the
world would label "evils"--ill-health, difficulty, failure, poverty,
incapability; these have to be traded with too, and there is often a
higher profit to be made out of these than out of the others. They are
all the Master's goods and He delivers them to His servants.

"_To one He gave five talents and to another two and to another one, to
every one according to his proper ability._" He knows His servants, and
He knows exactly the strength and capability of each. He measures each
burden before imposing it and calculates each sum before giving it. This
servant can manage five, this one two, this can only manage one. It is
no disgrace to have only one talent, the ability of the servants is the
Master's affair, not the servants'. They cannot turn to Him and say:
"Why hast Thou made me thus?" (Rom. IX. 20). He makes each one according
to His own Will and endows him according to His Will too. What the
servant has to remember is that he is responsible for all that is
entrusted to him, that he _can_ trade with it and that it is not too
much for him, it is "according to his proper ability," and that though
his Master will never try to reap where He has not sown, He _will_
expect to reap where He _has_ sown, He will expect a harvest from each


"_He that had received the five talents went his way and traded with the
same and gained other five._" He lost no time, he loved his Master and
he loved the "goods" because they belonged to his Master and because
they had been lent by Him. The whole of their value lay in the fact that
they were the Master's; he felt responsible, he must not only take care
of them but put them to the best account, and so he set to work at once
to trade with them, and he did well, for he gained _cent per cent_!

"_And in like manner he that had received the two gained other two._"
There was no jealousy, no thinking the Master partial or that He had
underrated his powers in only giving him _two_ talents. He loved and
trusted his Master; the two talents were very precious because they were
His and because He had chosen them out with such love and care, giving
the servant just what he could manage, no more and no less. He went and
traded and did as well as the first, _cent per cent_.

Thus the good servants, that is those who love, who have said, I _will_
not go out free, are always trading for their Master. They say to
themselves: This talent, this time, this opportunity, this health, this
strength belongs to my Master not to me, I must use it for Him. They
forget sometimes; the Master is so long away and they act as if the
goods were their own, and even trade with them for their own profit,
using their talents to attract people to themselves rather than to their
Master! But as they really love Him and want to "trade" for Him only,
they see the dishonesty of their trading and they do their best by acts
of reparation to restore to Him His own. When He comes back, He will not
expect perfection but _effort_. Some, He says, will gain "a hundred
fold" but for our consolation and encouragement He adds: "some
sixtyfold, and some thirtyfold" (St. Matt. XIII. 8).

"_But he that had received the one, going his way digged into the earth,
and hid his lord's money._" He lost no time either, his mind was made up
at once, he would take no trouble, make no effort, would hide his
Master's talent and forget all about it; he wanted no responsibility, he
could not be troubled with "trading." His Master could not expect much
from him, he argued, because he had entrusted so little to him, he knew
he was not capable of doing _much_, but he would do nothing at all. He
did not waste or spoil his Master's goods, his sin was one of
_omission_--you did it _not_ to Me. He dug in the earth instead of
laying up treasure in Heaven.


"_After a long time the Lord of those servants came and reckoned with
them._" Each servant must come up before Him to give an account and to
be judged according to his works.

"_Lord, Thou didst deliver to me five talents, behold I have gained
other five over and above._"

"_Lord, Thou deliveredst two talents to me, behold I have gained other
two._" The Lord gives exactly the same answer, the same reward to each,
showing clearly that what counts in the reckoning is not the _number_ of
good works but the spirit and intention and motive with which they are
done, be they many or few.

"_Well done, good and faithful servant, because thou hast been faithful
over a few things, I will place thee over many things._" The reward is
not given to the most capable, nor to those who have the most or the
greatest talents, but to those who have been _faithful_ over the few
things entrusted to them. They have traded with their talents for God's
glory and for the salvation of their own souls. They have realized that
each thing entrusted to them was a "good," whether it was sickness or
health, poverty or riches, prosperity or adversity, and they have said
about each: This belongs to the Master, how can I best use it for Him?
Now they find that the merit of each action done, each suffering borne
for Him, has been carefully stored up.

"_Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord._" It is His joy, His interest,
His glory that the faithful servant has studied on earth, now he shall
share them for ever.

"_He that had received the one talent came and said: Lord, I know that
Thou art a hard man_" expecting the impossible, "_and being afraid I
went and hid Thy talent in the earth; behold here Thou hast that which
is Thine._" He could have traded and made _cent per cent_ as the others
had done and earned the "_Euge_" ("Well done!") He not only did not do
this, but he put all the blame on his Master Who with such care had
given him just the talent that was suited to his ability. He was
_afraid_, he said, afraid of what? Of his Master because He was hard and
unjust? No, this was only an excuse, he knew his Master and he knew it
was not true. What he was afraid of was hard work, effort, ceaseless
watching against temptation. It was far less irksome to bury the talent
and live a life of ease, letting things just take their course, and
hoping all would come out right in the end; but at the end things were
not right, for he had nothing to give to his Master, the one talent
_was_ the Master's, he knew that quite well: "Behold here Thou hast that
which is Thine."

"_Wicked and slothful servant_"--wicked, because he had robbed God of
His rights; slothful, because he would not raise a finger to serve his

"_Take ye away therefore the talent from him and give it him that hath
ten._" It is a solemn thought that a grace refused by one may be handed
on to another who is more faithful.

"_To everyone that hath shall be given_" is a principle of the Kingdom.
He ever giveth "grace for grace" (St. John I. 16). For every grace used
He gives "more grace"--"he shall abound."

"_From him that hath not, that also which he seemeth to have shall be
taken away._" There is such a thing as a last grace, a last opportunity.
God has nowhere pledged Himself to give the grace of repentance; grace
is ever a free gift and He is not unjust if He withholds it. I can never
say: I will sin and repent after! To sin is in my power, but to repent
is not. Our Lord speaks of sinners filling up the measure of their
iniquity (St. Matt. XXIII. 32). Had Herod reached the limit, filled up
the measure? Is that why Our Lord refused to speak to him? We do not
know, but we do know that it is possible for a sinner to sin to such an
extent--not necessarily by gross sin, but by steadily refusing God's
grace and the opportunities offered to him--that what he has, that is,
his opportunities, will be taken from him.

"_The unprofitable servant cast ye out into the exterior darkness._" He
ever shunned the light and now it will _never_ be his. He was
_unprofitable_, that was his sin, he did nothing for his Master. All
sins, however terrible, will be forgiven if the sinner turns to God and
repents, because his repentance shows that he is "trading," though he
may often fail in his business; but the unprofitable servant carries on
no trade with God at all, he leaves Him out altogether. There is nothing
for God to do but to leave him out in the "exterior darkness" which he
has deliberately chosen.

_Colloquy_ with the Master, Who though He is a "long time" coming, is
never far from those who are trading for Him.

_Resolution._ Never to leave the Master out of anything I do.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Well done good and faithful servant!"


     "I think it meet ... to stir you up by putting you in

                                             (2 Pet. I. 13).

_1st. Prelude._ Paul writing to Timothy: "Stir up the grace of God which
is in thee" (2 Tim. I. 6).

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to stir myself up this Advent.

On the Sunday before Advent and nine times during the Advent Masses, the
Church puts on the lips of her children this prayer: _Stir up, O Lord_.
Let us try in this Meditation to catch her spirit which runs all through
the Advent season and see what it is that she wants God to stir up.


We ask Him during Advent to stir up His might for four different

(1) _To protect and deliver us._ "Stir up Thy might, we beseech Thee O
Lord and come: that by Thy protection we may deserve to be delivered
from the threatening dangers of our sins and by Thy deliverance be
saved." (The "Collect" for Advent Sunday.)

We ask Him to show His might by _protecting_ us from dangers and by
_delivering_ us from sin. We want to spend a good Advent, we want to
prepare well for His Coming, then there rise up before us the
"threatening dangers of our sins"--those old temptations that are sure
to come back again as soon as we begin to put forth fresh effort. Are we
to be discouraged, to dread them, to say we are sure to fall again, and
thus give the enemy a hold over us? No, but to believe that our God Who
is coming will protect us in the day of battle, that though to humiliate
and to strengthen us, He may still permit the temptations, yet He will
Himself be our shield and buckler, and will deliver us if we trust in
His strength and not in our own--"Stir up Thy might, O Lord, and come to
protect and deliver."

(2) _To free us from adversity._ "Stir up Thy power, we beseech Thee O
Lord and come, that they who confide in Thy mercy may be more speedily
freed from all adversity" (The "Collect" for Friday in Ember week).

The adversity from which the Church prays to be freed here is probably
the same as she continually teaches us to pray for deliverance from in
her Litanies: war, pestilence, famine, floods, earthquakes--all things
which damage the peace of nations and the produce of the earth, great
national disasters. From all such the world will never be free till the
Advent of her Lord, till God stirs up His power and comes to save it.
Meanwhile for our consolation we can remember that it is when God's
judgments are in the earth that the nations learn justice (Isaias XXVI.
9). Adversity is a great teacher and trainer for Heaven, and as we
advance in the spiritual life we see more and more that many things
which are adversity to the body are prosperity to the soul. We should
naturally like to be freed from the adversity of sickness, poverty,
failure, loss of friends, of health and strength, but all these
adversities have their work to do. "These are they who came out of great
tribulation," and it is probable that but for the tribulation many would
never "have washed their robes and have made them white in the blood of
the Lamb" (Apoc. VII. 14). Let us strive to be amongst those who _trust_
Him, who _confide_ in His mercy, who believe that He knows what is best
for them, and who gladly let Him arrange all for them. He _will_ stir up
His power and speedily free them one day, but it will not be till the
flail of adversity has done its work and the corn is ready to be
garnered in the heavenly barns.

(3) _To save us._ "Stir up Thy might O Lord and come to save us."

In the Masses for the third week, that is Ember week, the prayer occurs
five times, twice in the Mass for the third Sunday and three times in
that for Ember Saturday. The time of the birth of the Saviour is drawing
nearer, and the Church is beginning to be importunate. Stir up Thy
_might_; for though He is coming as a little helpless infant, He is God
"mighty to save."

(4) _To accelerate His Coming._ "Stir up Thy might, we beseech Thee O
Lord and come; and succour us with great power, that by the help of Thy
grace, the indulgence of Thy mercy may accelerate what our sins impede."
(The "Collect" for the 4th. Sunday of Advent).

We ask Him to stir up His might in _coming_. His Advents show His
Omnipotence. Only a _God_ could come to this world to save it, only a
_God_ could come to a soul and raise it to the supernatural state. These
are miracles and we ask Him to stir up His might to come and work them.
It is our sins that hold Him back and hinder His work both in our own
souls and in the world. We want them to do so no more and so we ask for
His succour and indulgence.


"Stir up the wills of Thy faithful, O Lord, we beseech Thee; that
earnestly seeking after the fruit of good works, they may receive more
abundant helps from Thy mercy." (The "Collect" for the Sunday before

Here we pray for something which it is far more difficult to "stir
up"--our own wills. We are not sufficiently in earnest; the might and
the mercy of God are there waiting to help us, but we have not the
energy nor the desire to receive them. We weaken our wills by yielding
to temptation, by deliberately going into occasions of sin, by allowing
ourselves to be careless about rules and resolutions, by letting things
drift and contenting ourselves with a low standard. Advent is a time to
rectify all this, to pull ourselves up and make a fresh start, and if we
are in earnest, we shall gladly join in the prayer: "Stir up the wills
of Thy faithful, O Lord," stir up _my_ will. It is not a prayer to be
said lightly for it means much--a will stirred up to "seek after the
fruit of good works" means constant and continued effort; it means
mortification, suffering, death to self; it means a determination to do
or suffer _anything_ rather than run the _least_ risk of committing the
_least_ sin; it means constant unremitting attention to little
things--to the smallest duties, the least prickings of conscience; it
means hard work. _Dare_ I say this prayer? If I am _really_ anxious for
"the fruit of good works," I shall dare anything. Fruit is impossible
without hard work either in the natural or the spiritual world.

"Who is sufficient for these things?" Certainly I am not, but the
consolation is that the work is _co-operative_. As soon as I pray: Stir
up my will, O God, because I want to bring forth fruit to Thy glory; He
will be there giving me "_more abundant helps_" from His mercy. God does
not expect me to work alone, nor to suffer alone, nor to make efforts
alone. What He wants is a good will. He is coming "to men of good will,"
and nothing can prove that I am one of them, better than a fervent
prayer that my will may be stirred up, cost what it may. The "abundant
helps" will immediately be at my service; and when it seems sometimes as
if, in spite of all my efforts, the day is going to be lost, I will hold
on still, remembering that the help is "_more_ abundant" when the need
is greater. The stores of His mercy are infinite and He ever gives
_more_ to the generous soul.


"Stir up our hearts, O Lord, to prepare the ways of Thy only-begotten
Son: that by His Coming we may be worthy to serve Thee with purified
minds." (The "Collect" for the 2nd Sunday of Advent).

Here lies the secret; if our _hearts_ are stirred up there will be
little difficulty about our _wills_. If I _love_, I shall gladly make
efforts, no trouble will be too much, no work too exacting, no sacrifice
too great, no mortification too hard. "_If you love Me, keep My
commandments._" My will is to be stirred up to _seek_, but my heart is
to be stirred up to _prepare_. It is my King Who is coming, He Who has a
right to my heart, and He is quite sure to pass by my way, for to win my
heart and make it all His own is one of the special reasons of His
Coming. No pains, no cost shall be spared in my preparation; my heart
shall be decorated with the flowers that I know He loves and hung with
banners which shall speak of my gratitude for all He has done. This is
the preparation of the heart--the preparation of _love_; and it will not
stop at my own heart, for if I really love my King I shall take an
interest in all the work that He is coming to do; I shall try to prepare
His way for Him in the hearts of others; I shall let them know that
JESUS of Nazareth is going to pass by. Perhaps I shall have no
opportunity of speaking about His visit, but the careful preparations I
am making will not go unnoticed--each thing that I do out of love to Him
will in some way or another spread His Kingdom in the hearts of men.

_Colloquy._ With my King Who is coming.

_Resolution._ To do something _to-day_ in preparation.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Stir up!"



     "This is he of whom it is written: Behold I send my Angel
     before Thy face, who shall prepare Thy way before Thee."

                                         (St. Matt. XI. 10).

_1st. Prelude._ Picture of the Naming Day of St. John the Baptist who is
on Our Lady's knee, while Elizabeth and the kinsfolk are discussing the
name and Zachary is writing on a tablet; St. Joseph is looking on.

_2nd. Prelude._ The spirit of penance.

Often during Advent the Church directs our thoughts to the great
Precursor of JESUS Christ, to him who was sent to prepare His ways. On
four occasions she chooses for the "Gospel" in the Mass, passages which
relate to St. John the Baptist and his work of preparation. If we would
prepare well for the coming of our King, we cannot do better than
meditate on St. John the Baptist and try in our small measure to prepare
as he did.


(1) _A prophecy._ Four hundred years before the Precursor's birth,
Malachias prophesied of him: "Behold I send My angel," that is My
_messenger_; and Our Lord tells us expressly (His words are noted by
three of the Evangelists, St. Matthew, St. Mark and St. Luke) that this
messenger was John the Baptist, who was sent by God to prepare the ways
of the Messias.

(2) _His miraculous conception_--for his parents were both "well
advanced in years." Both his father and mother were "just before God
walking in all the commandments and justifications of the Lord without
blame;" and they had their cross to bear--the "reproach" of having no
son and therefore no hope of the Messias being born to them; but this
did not prevent them from praying, as all fervent Israelites prayed, for
the coming of the Messias. The answer to their prayer was nearer than
they thought. One day as Zachary was performing the most solemn part of
his priestly office--offering incense on the golden altar that stood
"over against the veil" which separated the Holy Place from the Holy of
Holies--he saw an angel standing on the right side of the altar, who,
after he had calmed his fear, told him that his prayer was heard, that
the Messias was coming, and that his wife Elizabeth was to bear him a
son who was to be His Precursor, "he shall go before Him." The angel
then prophesied many things about this child, which all show how careful
was God's preparation of His Precursor:

"Thou shall call his name John" (the Grace of God). Only those who had
an important future before them were named by God Himself before their

"Many shall rejoice in his nativity." Many--both angels and men.

"He shall be great before the Lord." Great in sanctity and great in

He "shall drink no wine nor strong drink." He shall be a Nazarite, one
separated and consecrated to God by a vow.

"He shall be filled with the Holy Ghost even from his mother's
womb"--that is, he shall be cleansed from the stain of original sin and
put into the state of grace before his birth as was Jeremias (Jer. I.

"He shall convert many" by preaching penance and telling of Him who
takes away sin.

"He shall go before Him ... to prepare unto the Lord a perfect people."
Zachary listened but he could not believe that what he heard was true,
though Gabriel, who stands before God, had been sent expressly to him
with the message of good tidings. He asked for a sign and He received
one which not only proved to him that God can do what He wills as He
wills, but also that He expects His children to trust Him.

When at length Zachary appeared from behind the curtain to the waiting
and wondering people, instead of giving them the accustomed blessing
(Num. VI. 24, 26), he made signs to them and remained dumb and they
understood that he had seen a vision. God dealt severely with Zachary
because he was so closely bound up with the Advent of the Messias. He
had to be taught, and we through him, that the least venial sin may
hinder God's work and designs, and that if we would be His instruments
used by Him for the preparation of the Coming of His Son, we must be
absolutely faithful about little things, full of confidence in God,
setting no limit to His power and never doubting His dealings with us.

(3) _He was filled with the Holy Ghost._ Six months later, Elizabeth who
had been waiting in solitude and silence for God to fulfil His designs,
received a visit from the Mother of God, and the Precursor and the
Messias Who was to come were brought into close contact. We cannot doubt
that it was at that moment when, as Elizabeth said "the infant in my
womb leaped for joy," that John was "filled with the Holy Ghost." Thus
God cleansed His Precursor before his birth from the stain of original
sin, again showing us that those who are to prepare for the Coming of
His Son must be distinguished by their purity.

(4) _By the holiness of his mother and his home._ His mother taught by
the Holy Spirit was the first to recognize Our Lady as the Mother of
God; she was saluted by Our Lady and ministered to by her. She had the
unspeakable privilege of having Our Lady with the blessed Fruit of her
womb JESUS living under her roof for three months. A home where the
Mother of God was welcomed and honoured--such was the home God chose for
the Precursor of His Son.


"There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. This man came to
bear witness of the Light, to prepare unto the Lord a perfect people."
(The "Gradual" for the Vigil of St. John the Baptist). The Feast of the
Nativity of St. John the Baptist is a Double of the First Class with an
Octave, for Mary and her Son were present at his birth and he was "great
before the Lord."

The eighth day was the day of circumcision and the naming day. Everybody
naturally was calling him Zachary, but his mother who knew from her
husband that the name was fixed, said: "Not so, but he shall be called
John." They would not have it and appealed by signs to the deaf and dumb
father, who wrote: "John _is_ his name," for "he was so named of the
angel before he was conceived." At that moment Zachary's penance came to
an end and "he _spoke_ blessing God." This fresh miracle was soon
"noised abroad" and the people asked in fear: "What an one, think ye,
shall this child be?" Zachary, "filled with the Holy Ghost," used his
loosed tongue to sing his beautiful hymn of praise to God who had
remembered His holy testament, and had allowed "the _Orient_ from on
high" to visit them. And then addressing his little son, he said: "And
thou child shalt be called the prophet of the Highest, for thou shalt
go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways."

He began to "prepare His ways" by a life of hardship, solitude and
penance, having no fixed home, living on what he could find in the
deserts--locusts and wild honey, and wearing as a garment camels' hair
with a leathern girdle. Tradition tells us he began all this at a very
early age and he continued it "until the day of his manifestation to
Israel," that is, until the day he left his solitude and began to
preach--nearly thirty years later. He had thirty years' preparation for
his life's work, like Him whose way he was preparing, and he was
preparing it no less as a solitary in the deserts than as the great
preacher of penance by the Jordan.

What lessons can we learn for our own preparation for the Coming of
Christ this Advent?

1. That because we are going to be amongst those who in some way or
other "prepare His ways," God has occupied Himself with our preparation
even before we were born. Either by surrounding us with good, or by
bringing good out of evil or by some of His many ways which are not our
ways, He has had a hand in all that concerns us. We have first firmly to
believe this, and secondly to co-operate with all God's designs for us,
as John did.

2. That if we would prepare the ways of Christ we must be familiar with
His Mother, accustomed to receiving her salutations and to returning
them. That we must have her to live with us and take an interest in all
that concerns us. Who could better help us to prepare for the Coming of
her Son than His own Mother?

3. That we must be filled with the Holy Spirit and never turn Him out of
our hearts by sin. It would be useless to try to prepare the way for
Christ if we had not the co-operation of the Holy Spirit.

4. That penance in one form or another must have a share in our
preparation for the Coming of Christ. All we know of John from the time
of his infancy till he began his mission is that "he was in the
deserts." It was not that he preferred such a life, but he felt that it
was the one most suited to his own preparation for the Messias, for
during those long years in the deserts he was preparing the way of
Christ in his own heart; during his mission he prepared it in the hearts
of others. Solitude, fasting, lack of ease and comfort, coarse
clothing--these were the allies which John chose to aid him in his
preparation for the Coming of the King, for His "Kingdom is not of this
world" and "the weapons of our warfare are not carnal" (2 Cor. X. 4). He
was consecrated to God, and he separated himself from everything that
might interfere with his entire consecration.


        (1) With God the Father Who has chosen me to prepare the ways
            of His Son.

        (2) With Him Who is coming.

        (3) With God the Holy Ghost Who is co-operating with me.

        (4) With Our Lady who is ready to let me do all my work by her
            side. (Ecclus. XXIV. 30).

        (5) With St. John the Baptist who will obtain for me, if I ask
            him, the spirit of penance.

_Resolution._ To examine myself to-day as to the place penance is having
in my Advent, and if it has none, to fix at least _one_ daily
penitential act.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "He was in the deserts."



     "In those days cometh John the Baptist preaching in the
     desert of Judea.... preaching the baptism of penance unto
     remission of sins."

                      (St. Matt. III. 1. and St. Mark I. 4).

_1st. Prelude._ John preaching and baptizing by the Jordan.

_2nd. Prelude._ Gratitude to the "Friend of the Bridegroom" for pointing
Him out to the Bride.


When John was about thirty years of age the "word of the Lord" (St. Luke
III. 2) reached him in his solitude, just as it had done all the
prophets of old from Samuel down to Malachias, but since then, that is
for a period of four hundred years, God had spoken through no prophet.
As a result of this "word" the "Prophet of the Highest" came into all
the country about the Jordan--a large area--and began his mission. His
arrival made a great stir and the people flocked to see and hear him.
There "went out to him Jerusalem and all Judea and all the country about
Jordan." All classes went--publicans, soldiers, even the Pharisees and
Sadducees, for if this man were really a prophet sent from God, it
behoved _them_ to know all about him. What did the multitudes see? A man
wearing a "garment of camels' hair and a leathern girdle about his
loins," whose food consisted of locusts and wild honey--a man as the
Angel Gabriel had prophesied "in the spirit and power of Elias" (see IV
Kings I. 8). What did they hear? A voice of one crying in the desert:
"Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight His paths." (St. Matt.
III. 3). And what were their conclusions? That this was he who was
spoken of by Isaias the prophet (verse 3), that he was "sent from God"
(St. John I. 6) and that he "came for a witness, to give testimony of
the light" (St. John I. 7). What light? The "Light of the world." John
came to proclaim that the dawn which the world had been so long watching
was on the point of giving place to day, that the "Sun of justice" was
even now rising with "health in His wings" for those that feared God's
name, and that they must go forth to meet him (Mal. IV. 2).

I too must go forth. What am I going to do to-day which will prove to
myself, to my Guardian Angel, to my Patron Saint, to Mary my Mother and
to Him Who is coming that I am preparing the way of the Lord?


John came "preaching the baptism of penance for the remission of sins"
(St. Luke III. 3). His voice was like that of a herald proclaiming a
great event that was close at hand. "Do penance, for the kingdom of
heaven is at hand" (St. Matt. III. 2). The Messias is coming to set up
His Kingdom. He Whom you have so long expected is close to you, prepare
for Him. Then John told them shortly and explicitly how to prepare: (1)
"To believe in Him Who was to come" (Acts XIX. 4). (2) To repent of
their sins and bring forth fruits worthy of penance such as fasting and
self-denial (St. Mark II. 18). (3) To confess their sins (St. Mark I.
5). (4) To be baptized as a sign of hope that their sins had been
forgiven. John's baptism could not wash away sin, for it was no
sacrament, St. Paul, as well as St. Mark and St. Luke, called it the
"Baptism of penance" (Acts XIX. 4). It was a baptism which proclaimed to
all that he who submitted to it acknowledged himself to be a sinner and
a penitent.

John the Baptist was greatly in earnest, for the time was short; he
spoke very plainly to those whom he noticed coming to be baptized out of
curiosity or human respect without any repentance or intention of doing
penance. He warned them of the wrath of God which would fall upon
sinners who persisted in their sin, of the folly of thinking that all
was well with them because they had Abraham for their father; he told
them that every tree which did not yield good fruit would be cut down
and cast into the fire, that He Who was coming and was even now so nigh
would divide all people into two classes--the wheat and the chaff, and
that the great winnowing fan was already in His Hand.

The people then began to feel uncomfortable and alarmed, and anxious to
make sure that they were not going to be blown away as chaff, or burnt
"with unquenchable fires" by the Mighty One Who was coming; and
different classes began to ask John what they must do. His answers were
singularly appropriate and confirmed the opinion that he was indeed a
prophet. To the people generally he counselled charity, kindness and
brotherly love as the best possible preparation; to the public
tax-collectors, who grew rich on the sums that they demanded in excess
of the fixed tax, that they should do nothing more than that which was
appointed; to the soldiers, that they should avoid violence and calumny
and be content with their pay (St. Luke III. 10-14). He showed clearly
by his straight and simple answers that the best way for us to prepare
for Him Who is coming, is to look into our daily life and occupations
and change anything and everything that we know He would find faulty.


One after another the people made up their minds to change their evil
lives and bad habits. They made their good resolutions and as a proof of
their sorrow for the past and firm purpose of amendment for the future,
they went into the Jordan confessing their sins, and John baptized them.
He told them then that He Who was coming was mightier than himself, and
that He would baptize them with the Holy Ghost and fire. "Then cometh
JESUS from Galilee to the Jordan unto John to be baptized by him!" Where
had He come from? Straight from His home, from Nazareth, from His
Mother. He had come to fulfil John's prophecy, to begin His public
ministry to the people, and He would begin it by identifying Himself
with them. They were sinners, coming to confess their sins and He would
be numbered with the transgressors (Isaias III. 12). "But John stayed
Him, saying: I ought to be baptized by Thee, and comest Thou to me?"
(St. Matt. III. 14). Though they were cousins it is probable that they
had not met since their early childhood. One had lived in the seclusion
of Nazareth and the other in the seclusion of the desert. "I knew Him
not," (St. John I. 31, 33) John said. It was probably the fact of
someone coming for the baptism of penance who had no sins to confess
that made John suspect and then protest; but he could not resist the
gentle, authoritative words: "Suffer it to be so now, for so it becometh
Us to fulfil all justice." Then when He had gone out of the water John
saw a wonderful sight--he described it himself: "I saw the Spirit coming
down as a dove from Heaven and He remained upon Him; and I knew Him not,
but He Who sent me to baptize with water said to me: He upon Whom thou
shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, He it is That
baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. And I saw; and I gave testimony, that
this is the Son of God." (St. John I. 32-34). He knew Him now--there was
no longer any doubt, no more time of waiting and preparation, He Who
should come had come. God Himself pointed Him out to the faithful
Precursor--a voice from Heaven said: "This is My beloved Son in Whom I
am well pleased" (St. Matt. III. 17). What a reward for John after his
life of solitude and penance and mortification--to be in close contact
with the Son of God, to see the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove, and
to hear the Voice of God the Father, and thus have the seal set to his
mission! "And I saw; and I gave testimony."

And what have the waters of Jordan to say? That He, over Whose Sacred
Head they closed, has, by the contact of His precious Body, sanctified
them and all other waters and given them power, when they are in contact
with His mystical Body to wash away sin. JESUS went down to John in the
Jordan not to _receive_ a gift, but to _impart_ one. From henceforth the
waters will bring forth abundantly and God will say of His new creation,
as He did in the beginning, that it is good. All three Persons of the
Blessed Trinity were present at this new creation, the Holy Spirit
brooded over the face of the waters for this new baptism was the Baptism
of the Holy Ghost, the Voice of the Lord was upon the waters (Ps.
XXVIII. 3), the Voice, that is, of the Father proclaiming that He was
well pleased, not only with His "Beloved Son" but with this first act of
His public ministry; for in Him He saw a countless multitude coming out
of the sanctified water, and of each one He will say: "_This_ is My
beloved son, in whom I am well pleased."

"O Almighty Eternal God, preside over the mysteries of Thy great mercy,
preside over Thy sacraments and send forth the Spirit of adoption to
regenerate the new people, whom the font of Baptism brings forth to
Thee" (Prayer for the Blessing of the Font on Holy Saturday).

_Colloquy._ "Grant we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that Thy servants may
walk in the way of salvation; and by following the exhortation of
Blessed John the Precursor may securely attain the possession of Him
Whom He foretold, Our Lord JESUS Christ." (Collect for the Vigil of St.
John the Baptist).

_Resolution._ To "prepare His ways" to-day.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Blessed John the Baptist ... pray to the Lord our
God for us."



     "This man came for a witness to give witness of the Light,
     that all men might believe through Him."

                                            (St. John I. 7).

_1st. Prelude._ "John stood and two of his disciples and beholding JESUS
walking, he saith: Behold the Lamb of God." (verses 35, 36).

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace so to hear his testimony that we follow JESUS.


This was all John wanted, all he cared about, it was his vocation, it
was the point of his long years of mortification, the reason for his
preaching and baptism; he was a man of one idea--the Christ is coming, I
must manifest Him to the people. This man came for a witness to give
testimony of the Light (verse 7). When the people wondering asked him:
Art thou the Christ? Art thou Elias? Art thou the prophet? his answer
was: No, I am only a voice proclaiming His coming. I, He? Oh, no, I am
not worthy to be His slave. He is the Light, the Light of the whole
world. "I saw the Spirit coming down as a dove from Heaven and He
remained upon Him.... And I saw; and I gave testimony that this is the
_Son of God_" (verses 32-34).

Let me look at my preparation for His coming this Advent and see whether
I am in any way following in the footsteps of the great Precursor. Can I
be said to be a person of one idea--that of manifesting my Lord to
others? When people want to make much of me and my work and ask who I
am, is my one thought to turn their eyes from me to Him Who is coming?
Am I really persuaded that I am only here to make Him manifest? _Is_ He
being made manifest to others through me? Do those with whom I come in
contact leave me, with a greater knowledge of Him, with a greater desire
for His coming, with more anxiety about the salvation of their souls and
with more zeal for that of others? Do my words and deeds, does my very
manner, speak to them of Him and make them think of Him? "Art thou the
Christ?" In one sense, yes, for I am or ought to be another Christ
(_alter Christus_), living His life, doing His work and representing Him
in the world.


This is He, behold Him! He is the Lamb of God. He it is to whom all the
lambs that have been sacrificed point; their blood could not wash away
sin, but "behold Him who taketh away the sin of the world." You are
sorry for your sins, you have confessed them and I have baptized you as
a sign that they are forgiven, now there is One among you who takes them
away. Behold the Lamb of God! This was what John said when he saw JESUS
the day after His baptism; he said the same thing the next day when he
saw Him walking by the Jordan; two of his disciples were with him,
Andrew and John (probably), and when they saw their master pointing to
JESUS and saying: "Behold the Lamb of God!" they did what John meant
them to do, they left their master and followed _Him_. How well had the
faithful Precursor prepared the way in their hearts! How thoroughly he
had done his work! How absolutely he had effaced himself! There was no
doubt, no hesitation in the minds of his disciples, no wondering whether
John would mind; "_they followed_ JESUS," and John had the joy of seeing
JESUS turn and speak to them: "What seek you?" And then the joy of
hearing them call _Him_ Master. "Master, where dwellest Thou?" "Come and
see." Then the Friend of the Bridegroom saw the three going away
together, and he knew that his mission had not been in vain, the Bride
was beginning to join the Bridegroom.


It was not for nothing that Andrew and John spent that day with JESUS.
They told others what they had found: "We have found the Messias, which
is being interpreted the Christ," and they brought their companions one
by one to JESUS, with the result that very soon the Baptism of the Holy
Ghost was taking place in the Jordan as well as the Baptism of Penance,
and the people instructed by John left the less for the greater.

There were "busybodies," as St. Paul calls them (1 Tim. V. 13), even in
those days, people who could not let others alone, who could not
understand the situation or pretended that they could not; they "came to
John and said to him: Rabbi, He that was with thee beyond the Jordan, to
Whom thou gavest testimony, behold He baptizeth and all men come to
_Him_" (St. John III. 26). They were words calculated to stir up
jealousy and ill-feeling; but John was too humble and too great to be
disturbed by them, his answer was characteristic: "You yourselves do
bear me witness, that I said that I am not Christ, but that I am sent
before Him. He that hath the Bride is the Bridegroom." There is the
proof that all I have been telling you is true. He has the Bride, the
people all go to Him, you see for yourselves that He _must_ be the
Bridegroom; "but the Friend of the Bridegroom, who standeth and heareth
Him, rejoiceth with joy because of the Bridegroom's voice. This my joy
therefore is fulfilled." It was enough for "the Friend of the
Bridegroom" to hear His Master's voice. The necessity for him and his
preaching was fast passing away and he knew it. He had been for a time
the great man, the popular preacher, the one every one talked about,
whose advice everyone sought, now he must stand aside and see his
disciples gather round another master, himself not in the group at all.
It is a position most workers in God's vineyard find themselves in
sooner or later, they have to give place to others, to watch others
reaping the fruit of their labours, to see those whom they have taught
going to other teachers, those who have sought their advice seeking it
elsewhere. How do they bear this difficult situation? How am I going to
bear it when my turn comes? Am I going to pose as a martyr, craving for
and expecting every one's sympathy? Am I going to put difficulties in
the way of those who succeed me, and make it hard for those to whom it
has been my privilege to minister? Some are even jealous and show their
displeasure by criticizing those who succeed them! What was John's
attitude? All he wanted was his Master and His Will. He was the "Friend
of the Bridegroom." He was satisfied to stand on one side, and his cup
of joy was full when he heard his Master's Voice. "He must increase" in
the minds of the people "and I must decrease." Let me learn a lesson
from John the Baptist and make my sacrifice beforehand, remembering that
nothing matters so long as I am the friend of the Bridegroom, can hear
His Voice and see the souls I have tried to help following Him. These
are joys, real joys, and they are perhaps never fully realized till the
cool shade of the background is reached.


     1. I am sent before Him (St. John III. 28).

     2. I am the voice (chap. I. 23).

     3. I baptize with water (verses 26, 31).

     4. I am not worthy (verse 27).

     5. I am come that He may be made manifest (verse 31).

     6. I ought to be baptized by Thee (St. Matt. III. 14).

     7. I knew him not. (St. John I. 31).

     8. I saw the Spirit coming down ... and He remained upon Him
     (verse 32).

     9. I saw (verse 34); (that is, I understood).

     10. I gave testimony that this is the Son of God. (ibid.)

     11. I am not the Christ (verse 20).

     12. I must decrease (chap. III. 30).

_Colloquy_ with St. John the Baptist.

_Resolution._ To bear my testimony.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Behold the Lamb of God!"



     "Herod the Tetrarch, when he was reproved by him for
     Herodias, his brother's wife, and for all the evils which
     Herod had done, he added this also above all, and shut up
     John in prison."

                                     (St. Luke III. 19, 20).

_1st. Prelude._ John the Baptist in Prison.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to be faithful unto death.


John knew no fear where right was concerned. His duty was to make the
paths straight for Him who was coming and it mattered little to him
whether he rebuked the Pharisees and Sadducees at the Jordan or Herod in
his palace. Herod, however, could not brook such plain speaking and he
had (at first) a mind to put him to death (but) "he feared the people,
because they esteemed him as a prophet" (St. Matt. XIV. 5). Herodias
also had "laid snares for him and was desirous to put him to death and
could not" because of Herod who knowing that John was "a just and holy
man" (afterwards) protected his life (St. Mark VI. 19, 20). So John was
shut up in prison; Josephus tells us that it was at a place called
Machaerus on the east of the Dead Sea where Herod had a castle.

Let us go and visit John in that lonely prison, where he was cast quite
at the beginning of Christ's ministry. His long years of preparation in
the desert, his fearless, outspoken preaching, his generosity and
humility in giving place to his Master, his important office of
Forerunner of the Messias, his vision of the Blessed Trinity--are they
all to end thus? Is this how God treats His friends? Is this the reward
for fidelity and loyalty? Yes, St. John would be the first to answer,
these are ever God's ways, "He must increase, I must decrease." John had
indeed been specially favoured and he was specially favoured in prison
too. It is not everybody whom God can trust with a trial such as this.
John was still preparing the ways of the Lord, no longer by an active
life, but by a life of suffering, solitude and privation. His patience
and his perfect submission to God's Will no doubt prepared the ways of
Christ in the hearts of many.

If He is to increase, I _must_ decrease, it is only natural. Yes, it is
natural for the saints to reason like this, but what about me? I want to
be a saint. I often perhaps ask God to make me one, perhaps I even tell
Him to use any means He likes, not to spare me. Does not this solve many
a problem? God is only taking me at my word; the beginning, the middle
and the end of the process of saint-making is _humility_. "I must
decrease," and if I ask to be a saint, He will give me the humiliations
and the sufferings which alone can teach me humility and unite me to
Himself. What then does it matter, if I have to suffer physically or
morally, if a career of usefulness in His service is suddenly cut short,
if I have to stand on one side and see the work I love and for which my
whole life has been a preparation, being done by another, if those I
have taught do not seem to understand, if my life is full of little
things I dislike and which seem made to annoy me--all these and
everything else that can possibly happen to me are the direct result of
my God-given wish to be a saint. Let me ask St. John the Baptist for
courage to continue my prayer this Advent and to accept joyfully for Him
Who is coming all that it entails, saying, to myself when something
seems to happen on purpose to annoy me: "This is to help to make me a
saint," and then seeing to it that it does.


Vengeance still rankled in the breast of Herodias for John had said to
Herod: "It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife." She laid
her plans and awaited her opportunity; it came on Herod's birthday; he
gave a supper for the princes and tribunes and chief men of Galilee, and
she made her daughter come in and dance till they were all so pleased
that Herod swore to the girl: "Whatsoever thou shalt ask I will give
thee, though it be the half of my kingdom." Herodias knew Herod and
expecting that this would happen had told her daughter to do nothing
without consulting her. "What shall I ask?" she said to her mother, who
replied without any hesitation: "The head of John the Baptist." Herodias
was evidently afraid that the king would change his mind and that her
wicked plans would after all fail, for she impressed upon her daughter
the necessity of haste. The girl went back _immediately, with haste_ to
Herod, and said: "I will that _forthwith_ thou give me in a dish the
head of John the Baptist." Herod was very sorry, for he was interested
in his prisoner, also he knew him to be "a just and holy man" (St. Mark
VI. 20) and he hesitated before such a crime; but he had taken an oath
and to break it before his guests would be inconsistent with his
dignity, besides "he would not displease" the girl, so he acted at once
as Herodias had bidden him: "he sent and beheaded John in the prison,
and his head was brought in a dish, and it was given to the damsel, and
she brought it to her mother."

"Faithful unto death."--"O Lord, Thou hast set on his head a crown of
precious stones" ("Communion" for the feast of the Beheading of St. John
the Baptist, August 29th).

"And his disciples came and took the body and buried it, and came and
told JESUS," told the Bridegroom that His "friend" was dead. "Which
when JESUS had heard, He retired from thence by a boat, into a desert
place apart."

"Faithful unto death," I must be too, if my preparation this Advent is
to be anything like that of St. John the Baptist. He died to self long
before his cruel death in the prison; his whole life from the day he
went into the desert as a little child was a living death: "As dying and
behold we live" (2 Cor. VI. 9). This is how St. Paul describes the state
of all those who "_will_ live godly in Christ JESUS" (2 Tim. III. 12).
It is the death of "the old man," the death of self; the "I" must ever
be decreasing, ever receiving the blows which will one day, probably not
before the soul's last day on earth, cause its death. Such is the
prospect I have before me, if I would copy John the Baptist and be
faithful unto death. What is my consolation and strength? That JESUS
knows and sympathizes. Not one of the blows which cost me so much, not
one of the sufferings, not one hour of desolation or loneliness or
temptation or misunderstanding or unkindness, or any of the many things
which are conspiring together for the death of "the old man," are lost
upon Him. He knows, He cares, He sympathizes and He is glad, for in
proportion as the "I" is decreasing, _He_ is increasing in my soul.


        (1) With John in the prison.
        (2) With JESUS in "a desert place apart."

_Resolution._ To be "faithful unto death" to-day.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "I spoke of Thy testimonies before kings and I was
not ashamed" ("Introit" for the Feast of the Beheading of St. John the



     "What went you out into the desert to see? A reed shaken with
     the wind? But what went you out to see? A man clothed in soft
     garments? Behold they that are in costly apparel and live
     delicately, are in the houses of kings. But what went you out
     to see? A prophet? Yea, I say to you, and more than a
     prophet, for ... among those that are born of women, there is
     not a greater prophet than John the Baptist. But he that is
     the lesser in the Kingdom of God, is greater than he."

                                      (St. Luke VII. 24-28).

_1st. Prelude._ JESUS talking to His disciples about John.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to stand by and listen and learn.


One day when John was in prison his disciples came and told him that
they had heard that JESUS was working a great many miracles and that His
fame was spreading all through the country. At Capharnaum He had healed
a centurion's servant, and at Naim He had raised a widow's son to life;
and the people were all glorifying God and saying: "A great prophet is
risen up among us, and God hath visited His people" (St. Luke VII). This
news sounded like music in John's ears; it was just what he wanted; it
was a proof that his life's work had not been in vain: "He _must_
increase." The disciples however who brought the news did not take at
all the same view of the case. They were not pleased that another should
take the place of their master while he languished in prison. John knew
that had they been quite sure that JESUS was the Messias, such thoughts
could have had no place in their minds, and so to strengthen their
faith he sent two of them to JESUS with the question: "Art thou He that
art to come or look we for another?" hoping no doubt that they might see
some miracles for themselves, or at any rate that personal contact with
JESUS would clear away their doubts.

See the beautiful humility of John's character, there is no thought for
himself; he is only anxious still to point out the Lamb of God and to
remove all obstacles from His path in the hearts of all; he is still the
voice crying with no uncertain sound. It happened (not by chance) that
just when the two disciples arrived many miracles were being worked by
JESUS, and in answer to their question, which they were probably now
rather ashamed to put, He said: "Go and relate to John what you have
heard and seen;" and He added: "Blessed is he whosoever shall not be
scandalized in Me." Surely after that the disciples could never again
stumble in their faith, and it must have been with joy in their hearts
that they told their master of all they had seen and heard.


When the messengers had gone, JESUS began to talk to the people about
His faithful Precursor, whom they all knew so well. "What went you out
in the desert to see?" He asked them. Was it "a reed shaken with the
wind?" Was it "a man clothed in soft garments" and living delicately?
Was it "a prophet?" On another occasion He spoke of him as "a burning
and a shining light" (St. John V. 35). What praise this was on the lips
of the Master! The four points He picked out are characteristics that He
appreciates not only in John but in all who are preparing for His
Coming. Let us see where we stand with regard to them.

1. _A determination of purpose._ "What went you out into the desert to
see? A reed shaken with the wind?" No, but a man of one idea, and who
pursued that idea through all difficulties and opposition and failure,
not counting the cost. I want to copy John the Baptist. I want to
prepare the way of the Lord in my heart, how shall I do it? Not by
allowing myself to be a reed shaken with the wind, trying very hard for
a day or two and then giving all up and saying it is no use; not by
making good resolutions and then quietly dropping them because they have
been broken. No, but by a steady, determined effort, in spite of many
failures, to overcome in myself everything which I know will be a
hindrance to my King pursuing His way in my soul. He is never
disappointed by my failures; these are more than made up for directly I
tell Him that I am sorry. What pains His loving Heart is cessation of
effort, giving up the fight, running away from the enemy instead of
standing up to be knocked down again, if my Captain thus wills to give
me another opportunity of meriting, and of practicing humility. Saints
are not made by victories all along the line, but by repeated failures
humbly and patiently accepted, with a firm determination that each
failure shall be the _last_. But what is the use when I know I shall
fail again? I do not know; I need not fall, it is my own fault if I do.
To do less than have a firm determination about the future, would be to
lay down my arms. Every effort made for God leaves me holier, and as
long as I keep on trying I am making progress in the spiritual life,
though I cannot see it.

2. _Self-sacrifice._ "But what went you out to see? A man clothed in
soft garments? Behold they that are in costly apparel and live
delicately are in the houses of kings." John prepared for the Coming of
his King by a life of self-sacrifice, every day giving up for the sake
of Him Who was coming all the things that were just as dear to his
nature as they are to mine. What part is self-sacrifice taking in my
preparation for my King this Advent? I have no need to go into the
desert or live the life of a hermit. It is the little tiny acts of
self-sacrifice known only to my King and me which are so pleasing to
Him. It is wonderful what notice He takes of little things which are
done out of love to Him. If we could promise Him a certain number of
these little acts every day--perhaps six or ten, or even _one_--and mark
them down to ensure their being remembered, it would be a preparation
very precious in His sight. To do a hard thing just because it is hard,
to keep silent when I could say something sarcastic or clever but not
quite charitable, to bear little physical sufferings without letting
everybody know about them, to be cheerful and bright when I am feeling
tired and moody, to accept all that happens to me as coming straight
from God's Hands, especially all the little crosses that come to me
through others--these are the things that will make me a saint and I
cannot keep Advent or any other season better than by practicing them.
Nothing is too small for my King to notice. Let me then be generous and
give Him all I can, remembering that as long as the little act _costs_
me something, it is sure to be acceptable to Him; "He must increase, I
must decrease," and it is by self-sacrifice that this great work will
slowly but surely be accomplished in my soul.

3. _Fidelity to duty._ "But what went you out to see? A prophet? Yea, I
say to you, and more than a prophet for ... amongst those that are born
of women, there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist. But he
that is the lesser in the kingdom of God is greater than he." John was
more than a prophet, because he not only prophesied of Christ as so many
other prophets had done, but he was the last of the prophets, the
immediate Forerunner of the Messias. No office could be greater than
this and no one else ever held it, it was unique and made John "more
than a prophet." Nevertheless, Our Lord said: "He that is the lesser in
the kingdom of God is greater than he"--_lesser_ in holiness and in
office, but _greater_ in dignity and privilege, because he is a member
of the Holy Catholic Church and a partaker of her Sacraments.
Thanksgiving that I am a member of the Holy Catholic Church should often
find a place in my heart, and especially during Advent when the Church
begins again to spread out before me all the treasures of her Liturgy
and when my thoughts and meditations are centred round Him Who is coming
to be incarnate for that Church, to die for it, to make a plan which
will enable Him to be with it "all days, even to the consummation of the
world" (St. Matt. XXVIII. 20), and finally to judge it that He may
"present it to Himself a glorious Church, not having spot or wrinkle, or
any such thing but that it should be holy and without blemish." (Eph. V.

If my privileges are greater than those of St. John the Baptist, my
responsibilities are greater also. As I think how faithfully he
fulfilled one of the greatest offices ever entrusted to man, let me
remember that I too have a special office given me to fulfil, and it is
no less important for me to fulfil it faithfully, than it was for St.
John. It may be that my office is a very lowly one, that I have only one
talent, but JESUS is taking notice how I am trading with it. What have
His messengers to say when He asks: "What went you out to see?" Let the
season of Advent inspire me to be up and doing--faithful in that which
is least, living as one who has to give an account of each talent, each
occasion of merit, each opportunity of influencing another, each
inspiration of grace.

4. _Light giving._ "He was a burning and a shining Light." This was the
secret of John's greatness, of his humility, of his courage, of his
zeal. His heart so burned with love for God and zeal for His service
that it shone out on all with whom he came in contact.

Let me make one last examen on myself here. Do I feel sometimes that my
influence on others is very small, that my light seems to be hidden
under a bushel, that try as I will, I cannot make any impression? May it
not be that I am thinking too much about the shining of the light and
too little about the burning? The candle must _burn_ before it can
_shine_. If my heart is in constant touch with the Sacred Heart of JESUS
it will burn with His love and zeal, and the shining will follow as a
matter of course, I need not trouble about it; but if I allow anything
to separate my heart from His, even ever so little, the fire in my heart
will die down; there may be a little glow left, unless I leave it too
long, but there is not enough to "shine before men." "What went you out
to see?" What answer would those with whom I live, those who know me
best, have to give?

_Colloquy_ with JESUS and St. John the Baptist.

_Resolution._ To win the approval of JESUS to-day by the way in which I
prepare for His Coming.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "What went you out to see?"


     Regem venturum Dominum venite adoremus. [Come let us adore
     the King our Lord Who is to come.]

_1st. Prelude._ Picture of the Annunciation.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to understand the mystery of the Incarnation.


"Come let us adore the King our Lord Who is to come." These are the
opening words of the Invitatory which the Church uses every day at
Matins during the first fortnight of Advent. Let us turn then from the
Precursor, who has taught us so many lessons, to JESUS Christ Himself.
What is He doing during these months of waiting before Christmas? He,
too, is preparing, preparing for the work for which He has already come
into the world, although He is not yet manifest. John the Baptist has
pointed Him out to me: "Behold the Lamb of God!" Now I will do what his
disciples did--leave "the Friend of the Bridegroom" for the Bridegroom
Himself. He has become incarnate for me; it behoves me then to keep as
close to Him as possible, to love Him with all my heart and to copy Him
as far as I can. He is God and therefore there can be nothing imperfect
about Him; from the first moment of the Word being made flesh in the
womb of His Mother till "she brought forth her first-born Son" on
Christmas day, His faculties, His reason, His intelligence, His
sensibilities were all in a state of perfection; He knew the past, the
present, and the future; and He, the Source of grace, was pouring forth
grace on all around Him. Directly we understand this, we feel that we
must draw near, not only to adore but to sympathize, to wonder, to love,
to learn, to imitate. For those who understand the Incarnation, His work
did not begin on Christmas Day, but on the Feast of the Annunciation,
when Mary said: "Behold the handmaid of the Lord, be it done unto me
according to Thy word." What happened at that moment? The Holy Ghost
overshadowed her, the Body of Our Lord was formed from her pure blood,
God created the human Soul to dwell in it, and by the act of the
Incarnation that Soul and Body became the Soul and Body of the Word, the
Second Person of the Blessed Trinity; Mary became the Mother of God and
Gabriel worshipped before the Tabernacle of the Word made flesh.

Mary was the next to adore; Joseph, Elizabeth, John, Zachary followed,
and there may have been other privileged ones to whom Our Lord Himself
revealed His secret; but the world at large went on as usual--it "knew
Him not." The same thing happens every day in our midst. When the priest
with his God hidden on his breast passes on his way to give the Bread of
Life to some sufferer, only a few privileged ones know the secret and
offer their silent adoration. _Venite adoremus._


It was a _new life_ that Our Lord entered upon at the moment of the
Incarnation. He had had His Divine Life from all eternity, but God had
never before been man. He now for the first time could express Himself
through a human body. God could adore with human lips, could love with a
human heart, could suffer through human senses, could plan with a human
intelligence, could reason with a human mind. The consequence of the
union of the two natures was that the human nature was perfect, more
than perfect--it was Divine, and God received at the moment of the
Incarnation, the first perfect human act of adoration, the first perfect
human act of love, of humility and of all the other virtues. The God-Man
could adore perfectly, because being God He knew God and knew what
adoration was fitting for God; it was God adoring God and yet it was a
human act, the act of a man like ourselves. At that moment God received
what He wanted from one of the human race. The first breath drawn by His
Son Incarnate made it worth His while to have created man in spite of
the Fall. He received not only reparation but all He expected from the
human race when He first created it. He was satisfied, and would have
been satisfied even if that first moment had also been His last on
earth. The Incarnation would have done its work, the justice of God
could have required no more--a human will was perfectly submissive to
His Will, a human heart beat in unison with His, a human creature
offered itself as a victim for the race: "Behold, I come to do Thy Will,
O My God," I have desired it. (Ps. XXXIX. 8, 9). God received at the
moment of the Incarnation a higher act of worship than He had ever
received from all the nine choirs of Angels, and that act was a _human_
act. Did the Angels who fell understand this and was this the cause of
their rebellion? It is true that this first moment of the Incarnation
would have more than satisfied God, but it was not enough for the
God-made-Man. He would go on, on even to the death of the cross, not to
satisfy His Father's justice, but His own love, and to show to those
whom by His Incarnation He had made His brethren to what lengths love
can go. Every breath He drew was as perfect as the first--a perfect
offering, a perfect act of adoration; every beat of His Heart until He
said: "Father, into Thy Hands I commend My Spirit," was a perfect act of
love; every act, every thought, every word perfect, because they were
the acts, thoughts and words of _God_.


What have I to do with these sublime truths? Everything, for He was
incarnate _for me_. What does it mean? It means that He is my Brother
and that He is giving to God what God must have, but what I cannot give
Him; and that all I have to do is to unite myself to Him and to offer my
imperfect acts of adoration, love, humility with His perfect ones. He
has given Himself to me, that I may give Him back to God--a perfect
offering with which God will be entirely satisfied. My God, I cannot
adore Thee as I should, though I desire to do so with my whole heart,
but JESUS is there incarnate for me, He is adoring Thee perfectly for
me, accept His adoration and mine with it. My God, I love Thee, but I
cannot love Thee enough, I cannot love Thee as I ought, I cannot love
Thee as Thou deservest to be loved, but JESUS is incarnate for me, He
has a human Heart which is loving Thee _perfectly_; I put my heart
inside His, accept His love and mine with it. My God, I want to be
perfectly submissive, perfectly humble, a perfect victim, but great
though my desires are, I cannot arrive at the perfection which Thou dost
require. Oh, look upon my Brother incarnate for me, accept all His
perfections; let me offer my little struggles and desires and efforts
with all that He is doing, for is it not all for me? "_Through_ Him and
_with_ Him and _in_ Him."

Let me go to Nazareth to Mary; she will welcome me for she knows that He
has become incarnate _for me_. The Angel has just left her to take back
her _Fiat_ to Heaven. I will take his place and on bended knees before
that holy shrine where the new Life has just begun, I will meditate.
Never before perhaps have I so felt the need of thanksgiving, of
adoration, of wonder, of love. All I offer now and from henceforth must
pass through Mary to her Son, Who will offer my gifts with His own to
His Father.

_Colloquy_ with God-Incarnate.

_Resolution._ To thank God often to-day for the Incarnation.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "He was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin
Mary and was made Man."


     "Apud me est fons vitae." [In me is the Source of life.]

_1st. Prelude._ Mary, just after the Angel had departed from her.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to understand Mary's part in the Incarnation.


All the joy that the Incarnation brought to the Blessed Trinity, Mary to
a great extent must have shared. There was the joy of God the Father,
because He saw His designs in creating man fulfilled, His justice
satisfied and a human creature doing Him perfect homage and bringing Him
so much glory. There was the joy of God the Son, because at last He was
united to our human nature, because He being God had nevertheless a
human Soul and a human Body, to which He could unite all the Divine
perfections, and by means of which He could carry out all His Father's
designs for the lost human race. There was the joy of the Holy Spirit
Who had overshadowed Mary and by His Divine power created in her a Soul
and a Body so beautiful that they were worthy to be taken by the Eternal
Word and for ever united to the Divinity. The Holy Ghost saw now a human
Soul into which He could pour _all_ the grace that would be needed by
the whole human race. Of His fulness all were to receive (St. John I.

And what was the means whereby all this joy was given to the Blessed
Trinity? The Body which had been formed from the most pure flesh and
blood of Mary. She had lent herself at God's request to be the
instrument used, and now she was the Tabernacle where the God-Man lay
hidden. As He shared His life with His Mother, since it was her blood
which was coursing through His Veins, so He shared all His acts with
her. That first perfect act of adoration made by a human Soul to God was
shared by Mary--she adored too. That first whole-hearted oblation of a
human Soul to God was shared by Mary when she said her: "_Fiat mihi
secundum verbum Tuum_." That first perfect act of love from a human
Heart was shared by Mary for how close was the union between the Sacred
Heart of JESUS and the most pure heart of Mary! When JESUS made acts of
reparation of humility, of conformity to His Father's Will, Mary made
them too--she could not but do so, for her life was so closely bound up
with that of her Son; He became the mainspring of all she did. It was
the charity and humility in _His_ Heart that made her go to visit her
cousin Elizabeth and make herself her handmaid; it was _His_ salutation
that made hers so powerful with regard both to Elizabeth and to the
infant John; it was the thanksgiving in _His_ Heart which overflowed
into hers and made her sing her _Magnificat_. That Mary spent the nine
months in adoration we may well believe, but she spent them also in
union with her Son, sharing all with Him and giving us a perfect model
of the interior life--which means not only that God shares in the acts
of the soul, but also that the soul shares in the acts of God,
Emmanuel--God with us--in order that we may be "with the King for _His_
works" (1 Paralip. IV. 23).


He was incarnate for me, and His Mother is my Mother; it is to her that
I must look now to teach me how to spend these days before His birth.
Teach me, my Mother, to follow the great example which you set. Teach
me, too, to rejoice in the wonders of the Incarnation. Who should be
more filled with joy than I for whom He was incarnate? Teach me what the
interior life means, teach me to allow Him to be the mainspring within
me of all I do, so that the life which I live is not mine but His, the
words which I speak not mine but His,--JESUS acting, thinking, speaking
through me. This is the interior life which Mary understood so well and
lived so perfectly during her time of waiting. There is, however,
another side to the interior life, and this is the one we want to
meditate about more especially, while we are thinking of the Son of God
incarnate in the womb of the Blessed Virgin. He has taken human nature,
my nature, and joined it to the Godhead. He has made Himself a partaker
of my human nature in order that I may be a partaker of His divine
nature. I must not only think, then, of His working in and through me,
but of my working in and through Him. Mary entered into and shared not
only His Acts of adoration and love and praise, but also the work He had
come to do, His plans for the Redemption of the world. "They dwelt with
the King for His works, and they abode there" (1 Paral. IV. 23). How
true this was of Mary! It is in this that I must try to copy her. "I
will abide in the Tabernacle of the Most High," and I will offer myself
for _His works_, His interests shall be mine, He shall feel that _one_
soul at least, sympathizes and cares and intends to co-operate in the
great work He has come to do.

Let me, then, as the season of Advent is fast passing, ask myself once
again: Am I doing all I can for the spread of the Kingdom which He came
to this earth to set up? Am I trying to look at the world with the eyes
of love with which He regarded it, when He first made Himself incarnate
for it? Am I helping His poor, tending His sick, instructing His
ignorant, bringing Home His sheep, loving His little ones, comforting
His sorrowful ones? Such are "His works," and if I would do them, I must
dwell with the King and learn to do them in His way--I must live an
interior life.


It is only those who do not understand the Incarnation who stumble over
this statement. What could be more natural? If He chose to redeem the
world through Mary, to do all His great works which depend on the
Incarnation--such as the foundation of the Church with all her
Sacraments--through Mary, is it strange that when I want to help the
King in His works, I should do the same and put my little gifts for the
King into her hands? Rather would it be strange if I wanted to work on a
different plan from my King's. She is the _Janua coeli_, _the Turris
Davidica_, _the Sacrarium Spiritus Sancti_; the Tabernacle where He was
incarnate for me. Through her and by means of her, He hands me all the
graces I receive. What more natural than that I should make use of such
a messenger to take back my offerings? And do they lose in the
transaction? Surely they must gain, first because she will purify them
and add to them her own merits and graces, and secondly because a gift
presented by His own Mother cannot but be enhanced in value.

Blessed Grignon de Montfort says: "God has chosen her for the treasurer,
steward and dispenser of all His graces, so that all His graces and all
His gifts pass through her hands; and according to the power she has
received over them, as St. Bernardine teaches, she gives to whom she
wills, as she likes, and as much as she likes, the graces of the Eternal
Father, the virtues of JESUS Christ and the gifts of the Holy Ghost." We
may, if we like, "do all our actions with Mary, in Mary, by Mary, for
Mary, in order to do them more perfectly with JESUS, in JESUS, by
JESUS, and for JESUS, our Last End."[1]

If I am a child of Mary in anything more than in name, I shall not
hesitate to use this great privilege which is offered to me, knowing
that by so doing, not only will the value of my prayers and penances and
actions be enhanced in God's sight, but my merits and graces will be
increased. Mary will see to it that her children who thus trust her have
a Benjamin's portion.

_Colloquy_ with Mary, asking her to obtain for me during this waiting
time the grace to trust her with all my secrets for her Son.

_Resolution._ To dwell "with the King for His works" to-day.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ Janua coeli, ora pro nobis.


     "Brethren, rejoice in the Lord always; again, I say rejoice.
     Let your modesty be known to all men. The Lord is nigh. Be
     nothing solicitous; but in everything by prayer and
     supplication with thanksgiving let your petitions be made
     known to God. And the peace of God which surpasseth all
     understanding, keep your hearts and minds in Christ JESUS."

                                            (Phil. IV. 4-7).
             (The "Epistle" for the Third Sunday of Advent).

_1st. Prelude._ Before the Tabernacle.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to remember the Presence of God.

The Lord is nigh because by His grace He is within us, because by His
omnipresence He is "not far from every one of us" (Acts XVII. 27),
because in the Blessed Sacrament He is with us "all days, even to the
consummation of the world" (St. Matt. XXVIII. 20) and because it may be
_to-day_ that He will come in judgment. In consequence of this nearness
of our God to us, from whatever point of view we regard it, St. Paul
tells us that there are certain practices which are incumbent upon us.


To rejoice _always_--this is my duty, because the Lord is nigh. When joy
is absent from me, it is because faith in His nearness is absent. When
clouds hide the Sun of Justice, and I am disposed to be sad and
despondent, let me make an Act of Faith in His Presence: My God, I know
that Thou art within my soul, because I have reason to believe that I am
in the state of grace. My JESUS, I believe that Thou art there in the
Tabernacle. My God, I believe that Thou art truly present behind every
person and every circumstance and every trial. My JESUS, I believe that
it may be to-day that Thou wilt summon me to stand before Thee as my
Judge.... I shall find that Acts of Faith, such as these, will help to
dispel the despondency and send me on my way rejoicing. How can I do
anything but rejoice when I think of the Divine Inhabitation? Can I be
sad when I realize the presence of JESUS in the Blessed Sacrament of the
Altar and all that means to me? Can I allow circumstances and trials to
depress and crush me when I know with what infinite love and care they
have been arranged for me by Him who hides _Himself_ in each one of
them? And if the thought that the Lord is nigh in judgment can hardly in
itself be a thought that brings joy, yet, when I know how much value He
sets on joy, I should like Him to find me rejoicing when He pays that
always unexpected visit to my soul. The Lord is nigh, therefore
_rejoice_. To rejoice _in the Lord_ is always possible, it only means a
realization of the supernatural, and as soon as that is realized,
everything is seen in a different light. "In Thy light we shall see
light" (Ps. XXXV. 10), and "at Thy right hand are delights even to the
end" (Ps. XV. 11). It is just because the Lord is nigh that I cannot but
rejoice, and it is only when I forget His Presence that the clouds have
the power to chill and depress me and rob me of my joy. St. Paul is
afraid that I _may_ forget, and so he adds: "_Again_ I say: Rejoice."


The Greek word which is translated "modesty" means more, it means
fairness, kindness, gentleness, moderation, self-restraint, not
insisting on strict justice. These are the qualities by which I am to be
known to all men, _because_ the Lord is nigh. He is within me--always if
I will by His grace and often by the Blessed Sacrament. I may truly be
said to "bear God in my body." What follows? I am His representative to
the world; He is living His life in the world through me; if people want
to know something about God and what He is like, they ought to be able
to find out by watching my life.

The Lord is nigh--my gentleness has to recall this fact to others. "The
servant of the Lord must not wrangle, but be mild towards all men." (2
Tim. II. 24). He must not stand up for his rights, though strictly
speaking he may have them; he must not be wedded to his own opinions and
ever anxious to give them; he must not argue and strive to show that he
is in the right, which means that everybody else is in the wrong. No, if
he does these things, he is giving an altogether false representation of
Christ Who is within him, of the Lord Who is so nigh.

Some people are gentle by nature, but it is not this natural quality of
gentleness, often a mark of weakness of character and will, which is to
be known to all men. It needs a strong will and much self-restraint to
show the gentleness of Christ; it means the temper kept in check when
slighting, insulting or unkind words are said; it means keeping silence
when misjudged or falsely accused because "JESUS was silent;" it means
keeping back the cutting word or the stinging sarcasm and letting them
die away before His Presence; it means giving up a cherished plan or
desire and letting no one except Him Who asks for the sacrifice know
what it costs; it means being able to let a matter drop, though we may
be in the right--such is the gentleness of Christ, which we have to make
known so that by our behaviour others may be attracted to Him Who is so
nigh. What a point it would give to our preparation for His Coming this
Advent, if each day found us striving to let our gentleness win others
to Him and make them long to know the Babe of Bethlehem.


Take no thought, for your Heavenly Father knoweth that you have need. Do
not be solicitous, careful, anxious about anything, there is no need for
the Lord is nigh. He knows what is best for His child. He can alter
things if He likes, leave all to Him. All worry and anxiety only come
really from want of faith. Does a child worry when its father is near?
No, it leaves everything to him without any care. The Lord is nigh, be
nothing solicitous. The way may seem blocked, but it is not blocked to
Him; the Lord is still nigh, "He knoweth my way" (Job XXIII. 10), is it
not enough?

Let me love and trust and continually talk to Him Who is so near; let me
remember that I am never alone, that the difficulties and problems and
sorrows of life concern _two_, that the responsibility is _shared_,
that the important business of life is a _joint_ one. Surely with such a
Partner, One who is never absent but always nigh, I need be in _nothing_


The conclusion I arrived at in the last point is a just one, but I am
not on that account to do nothing. He must have my active co-operation
and whether I am working for my own salvation or for the salvation of
others or, which ought to be the case, for both, I must in _everything_
I do, let my petitions be made known unto God, that is, I must never act
on my own responsibility. I am going to see such and such a person, come
with me; I have this letter to write, tell me what to say; I have a
difficult matter to settle, give me the necessary wisdom and tact; I am
going to rest, or to take my food or my recreation, I want Thee with me
all the same--such must be my requests. What about my mistakes, the
things I forget and leave out, the faults that I mean with all my heart
not to commit, but which I am always falling into all the same? Ah, it
is here that the inestimable benefit of having such an all-powerful
Partner comes in. Instead of bewailing my incapability, which only makes
me still less capable, I must make my requests known to Him. What sort
of requests will these be? I have committed that fault, made that same
mistake again, please forgive me and correct it; I have forgotten to say
something I meant to say, please say it for me; I have been stiff,
unyielding, ungracious, discourteous, harsh, severe, please make up for
my deficiencies and whatever happens do not let them judge Thee by Thy
representative, make them understand that He for whom I am working is
never anything but gracious and gentle, that He never breaks the
bruised reed nor quenches the smoking flax; do not let me spoil Thy
work. Such are the prayers and supplications by which I should
continually be making known my needs to Him Who is always nigh.

And what about the thanksgiving? This is most necessary, otherwise,
ashamed though I am to confess it, I shall be attributing the successes
to my own powers and skill and capability! It seems hardly credible, but
unfortunately past experience tells me that it is all too true. In order
to guard against such a distorted and absurd view of things, St. Paul
tells us not to forget the _Thanksgiving_. The Lord is nigh, let me turn
to Him and say: _Deo gratias_, for it is He Who has prevented my
awkwardness from spoiling His work. He loves to be thanked and He
notices when He is not. Let me be thoroughly persuaded that the work
_is_ all His, and that if anything succeeds that _I_ do, it is only
because He has allowed _His_ success to pass through me, thus
thanksgiving will not only be easy but natural. But who is ever going to
persuade me that no glory is due to me? "Who is sufficient for these
things?" He Who condescends to be my Co-worker. He can do even that, if
I love Him sufficiently to _want_ Him to have all the glory.


"The peace of God which passeth all understanding (shall) keep your
hearts and minds in Christ JESUS." This will be the result, not of Our
Lord being nigh, but of our _realization_ of His nearness. A great peace
will _keep_, that is, take possession of, our hearts and minds.
Everything will be right because it comes straight from God's Hands.
"_My_ peace I give unto you, not as the world giveth do I give unto you"
(St. John XIV. 27). God's peace passes the understanding of the world,
it has nothing to compare with it. It passes the understanding of God's
children too. It is one of the mysteries with which He blesses His own
and makes life possible for them in a world of turmoil.

_Colloquy_ with Him Who is nigh.

_Resolution._ To remember that I am never alone.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "The Lord is nigh."


[Footnote 1: "The Secret of Mary unveiled to the devout soul" by
Louis-Marie Grignon de Montfort.]



     "I am Thy servant, I am Thy servant and the son of Thy

                                              (Ps. CXV. 16).
                                 Janua coeli, ora pro nobis.

_1st. Prelude._ The Gate of Heaven.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to enter that gate and learn.

We are going now to keep very close to Mary. She is passing all these
precious days in communion with her Son and He is teaching her what
conformity to Himself means. But she has Him not for herself alone but
for all those for whom He has made Himself incarnate and has come to
die. The time passed within that "Gate of Heaven" was the first stage of
His earthly journey and He was there for me, for my learning. He was
already my Model. Let me go, then, to-day to the "Gate of Heaven," go to
Mary and ask to be allowed to study some of those heavenly lessons which
were so dear to her heart. _Janua coeli, ora pro nobis._ "Remember, O
most gracious Virgin Mary, that never was it known that any who
implored thy help or sought thy intercession were left unaided. Inspired
with this confidence I fly unto thee.... O, Mother of the Word Incarnate
despise not my petitions, but in thy mercy hear and answer me."


We cannot contemplate this stage of Our Lord's life without being struck
first of all by the humility and self-abasement of it, by the way in
which in some sense He _annihilated_ Himself that He might do His
Father's Will. St. Paul says: "He emptied Himself ... being made in the
likeness of men" (Phil. II. 7). He stripped Himself, robbed Himself of
all that He possessed: _Semetipsum exinanivit_. We know that Mary, His
created Home, was chaste and pure, that no breath of sin had ever
touched her, that the Holy Spirit Himself had overshadowed her and had
undertaken the preparation and the adornment of the earthly Tabernacle
of the Word; but pure and holy though she was, Mary was only a creature
and He was the Creator. He was God and she was one of the human race.
His place was on the highest throne of Heaven and yet "He abhorred not
the Virgin's womb" but there lived hidden from the sight of all, like
any other infant and yet wholly unlike, because He had full possession
of His faculties and intelligence. In the manger He will be _seen_, and
so will be loved, pitied and worshipped; there will be many consolations
which will go far to lessen and soften His humiliations, but _here_, He
is alone, hidden; His very existence not even suspected. He has
annihilated Himself, made Himself nothing. He could have taken our
nature, had He so wished, without all these humiliations; why then did
He despise not the Virgin's womb? Because this is to be His principle
all through His life, He will love "unto the end." He will leave
nothing undone that He could possibly do. He came to do His Father's
Will and He will do it thoroughly. He will bear all the humiliations
because He wants to be my Model and to teach me that there is only one
way of learning humility.


Mary, though she cannot see Him, is sharing intimately all His
humiliations. She knows as no one else can all He is going through; and
because she is His Mother she feels more intensely than anyone could
what His humiliations are, she can never forget them. She shares all
with Him and He lets her; her sympathy is His consolation. Of all the
virtues of the interior life, humility is the one which is the most
strongly marked in Mary, and perhaps more strongly during these nine
months than at any other time. It was her humility which attracted the
Eternal Word from Heaven to take up His dwelling in His earthly
Tabernacle. It was her humility which made her visit her cousin
Elizabeth. It was her humility which made her sing in her _Magnificat_
of the great things God had done for her and how He had regarded the low
estate of His handmaid. It was her humility which made her ready to
suffer any humiliation rather than disclose God's secret to St. Joseph.
It was her humility which made her incapable of resenting all the
humiliations she had to bear at Bethlehem on Christmas Eve--and all this
humility, all this power to bear humiliations, came from the fact that
she was living an interior life, living a hidden life with her Son,
looking at everything from His point of view and not from her own.


Now let me turn from the interior life of JESUS and Mary to my own.
JESUS lived His interior life for me. If He allowed Mary to share it, He
will allow me, for He said once that He counted as His Mother all those
who do His Will. His Will is quite clear: "Learn of me for I am
_humble_." Dare I go to the "Gate of Heaven" and say that I want to
learn to be humble, that is, that I want to copy JESUS and Mary in their
humiliations? It takes a great deal of courage to ask for humiliations,
and perhaps it is almost impossible to do so without some pride lurking
in the request; but what I can do is to be so anxious to learn to be
humble as He bids me, that I ask for strength to bear the humiliations
that He sends. How _do_ I bear them? Do I say: Oh well, it is a
humiliation, I must bear it! or, Oh well, I shall never learn humility
without humiliations! or: I am always getting humiliations, some people
are, but I gladly accept them! All such speeches have their source, not
in humility but in pride. Can we imagine Mary talking like this?
Humiliations will never do their blessed work of making me humble if I
thus use them to attract attention to my supposed virtue. A humiliation
is spoiled the moment it sees the light; it has no strength left in it
wherewith to produce humility. Do I want to be humble? Then let me go to
that quiet retreat where JESUS is humiliating Himself for me, let me
take all my humiliations there. When I am left out, forgotten, despised,
when my help is unasked, my opinion disregarded, when things are said of
me that are hard to bear, when reflections are made on my actions, let
me go at once to where JESUS is hidden and hide myself and my pain
there, my one fear being lest anyone but He should suspect my pain, and
this not from stoicism or natural self-restraint, so pleasing and
consoling to self, but because I am afraid of spoiling my chance and
preventing the humiliation from doing its work. If I can only deposit it
safely in His Heart before another sees it and robs me of my jewel, all
will be well. He who suffered all those humiliations for me, will know
how to ease my pain, He will tell me what a consolation it is to Him
that His child understands and is trying to make a faithful copy.

_Colloquy._ O Mary, "Gate of Heaven" keep the gate wide open and beckon
me in whenever you see me in danger of falling through my pride. You
know the dangerous moments, please forestall them for me, and when I am
safe, and listening to the Sacred Heart beating for me, the pain of the
humiliation will be turned into joy and perhaps I shall make Him feel
that His humiliations have not been in vain.

_Resolution._ To examine myself to-day on how I take my humiliations and
to resolve how I will take them for the future.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Learn of Me for I am humble."



     "Sacrifice and oblation Thou wouldest not, but a Body Thou
     hast fitted to Me. Holocausts for sin did not please Thee.
     Then said I: Behold I come. In the head of the book it is
     written of Me, that I should do Thy Will, O God."

                                              (Heb. X. 5-7).

_1st. Prelude._ "Thy holy Tabernacle, which Thou hast prepared from the
beginning" (Wisdom IX. 8).

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to be generous.


As soon as the Word had taken possession of His earthly home, He began
to live His new life--a life in all its fulness of knowledge and of
grace and which will ever remain at its highest point, a life of
infinite worth, a life lived for others, a life abounding in merits and
satisfactions, a life of contemplation and yet of activity, a life to be
studied carefully by all who seek to live an interior life and
specially by those who for the love of their Incarnate God hide
themselves in the cloister.

This new life was before everything else a life of _oblation_. The first
act of the Word Incarnate was to offer Himself to His Father: Here I am;
I have come to do Thy Will and I have come to do it not for Myself but
for all creation; I offer Myself to do what it cannot do and to satisfy
Thy claims. He made Himself, then, from the first moment of His
existence a _Victim_--a Victim laid on the altar. This was His first
posture, and He will keep it not only during this first stage of His
life, but all through His life and all through His Sacramental life,
whether the Host is offered to God at the Holy Mass or is living Its
life of a Victim in the Tabernacle; and in Heaven He will still be "the
Lamb as it had been slain."

With the oblation of Himself, so acceptable to the Father, the Victim
offers all that concerns Him, all for which He has come to this earth,
all His designs for man's salvation. He submits all His plans for His
great building, the Holy Catholic Church, of which He offers Himself to
be the Chief Corner-stone, dwelling in it as its life throughout all
time. He offers Himself also to bear all the effects of His oblation and
to drink the chalice to the dregs. He offers Himself as a Surety for the
whole human race and for it He offers all His merits and satisfactions.
He keeps nothing back--the whole of the life just begun is offered for
the glory of God and the salvation of the world. It is a whole
burnt-offering, a holocaust offered at its very beginning to Him Who
"spared not even His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all." (Rom.
VIII. 32).


Mary lived her life with her Son and to her He communicated His secrets.
It is impossible to imagine that He did not reveal to her His plans and
designs which were the reason of His coming to this earth, and how He
was going to carry them out. She knew, then, that she was the Mother of
a Victim; and when He offered Himself to God, she joined in, offering
herself and her Son for all that He wished. "Behold the handmaid of the
Lord!" Here I am, I offer myself to Thee, do what Thou wilt with me.
This was Mary's attitude all through her life from the time when her
_Fiat_ was a sign for the Incarnation to take place, till she stood on
Calvary's Hill assisting at the offering of the Victim. Truly had the
Mother of Sorrows caught the spirit of her Son; all through her life she
regarded Him as a Victim. When He was forty days old she formally
offered Him to God, and her life though bound up with His was
nevertheless detached from Him, as from something given to another. Now
at this early stage of His life, Mary is learning her lesson and gaining
her strength. She is doing it by leading an interior life, hidden with
her Son.

O my Mother, as I come to-day to the holy Tabernacle "prepared from the
beginning" where the Sacred Victim lies hidden, help me to make my life
one with His as thou didst, help me to detach myself from everything for
His sake and to say my _Fiat_ whenever He asks for it.


If I want to live an interior life, I must model it on the life of JESUS
hidden in the womb of His Mother. He wants me to lead it for He is ever
saying: Learn of Me Who led this life for you. An interior life must be
essentially a life of oblation. This is its foundation: the offering of
the soul as a holocaust to God and then regarding itself as a victim,
all it has and does and is and thinks and plans, belonging not to itself
but to God. It lies on the altar waiting to be consumed; it is not
surprised when it is treated as a victim and feels the flames, not
surprised, that is, when it is forgotten and thought nothing of; its
life is _hidden_, how should people remember it! If it has to suffer, it
considers it the most natural thing in the world for a victim. If its
plans are all frustrated, it knows that it is lying there on the altar
to do God's Will, not its own, and that this is only the fire consuming
the victim; if it did _not_ happen thus the victim might indeed be
surprised and anxious, wondering whether God had accepted its sacrifice.
"Present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, pleasing unto God, your
reasonable service" (Rom. XII. 1). The sacrifice is ever _living_, and
ever being consumed. The victim feels keenly all the many processes by
which God shows that He has accepted the offering, but if it copies its
Model, there will be no complaint, no drawing back of the offering, no
wishing that it had chosen an easier course, no wondering whether it had
made a mistake in its vocation; rather will there be joy in its heart
because in its humble way it is like its Master, and each fresh touch of
the fire will be to it a fresh proof that God has not forgotten it, but
has taken it at its word and counts on it to be all that it promised to
be. What is necessary for all this? Only one thing: _Love_. If I love, I
can do it. "Walk in love as Christ also hath loved us and given Himself
an oblation for us."

O my little JESUS, hidden there for me and offering Thyself for me,
teach me to be generous, teach me to love Thee as Thou deservest; help
me to lie quietly and unresistingly on the altar. I am not alone. Thou
art there, bearing all with me and giving me the necessary strength to
bear all for Thee. Help me to sacrifice willingly all my cherished
desires and tastes, all my will. Thou didst withhold nothing from me,
help me to withhold nothing from Thee. So shall I make Thee some
reparation for all the time wasted in the past, for all the sins
committed against Thy love; so only can I obey Thy command: "Learn of
Me," and make some little return for Thy infinite love.

_Colloquy_ with JESUS and His blessed Mother.

_Resolution._ To offer myself as a victim to-day.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Walk in love as Christ also hath loved us, and
hath delivered Himself for us, an oblation and a sacrifice to God."
(Eph. V. 2).



     "I was in prison and you came to Me." "Lord when did we see
     Thee ... in prison?"

                                    (St. Matt. XXV. 36, 39).

_1st. Prelude._ Turris Davidica.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to visit Him in His prison.


Our blessed Lord's life, during the nine months, was a life of
imprisonment. He chose for Himself a position of dependence,
helplessness and inability. He Who was the Light of the world chose to
live in darkness; He Whom the Heavens cannot contain chose a more
cramped position than any prisoner has ever had to endure; He Who was
infinite allowed Himself to be confined; He Who was immortal took a
mortal body. He endured all the sufferings that helplessness and
inability and immobility entail; and we have to keep reminding ourselves
that He was fully alive to all His sufferings. We are not making an
imaginary picture, but trying to realize what were the actual facts of
those nine months. His Mother understood, let us try to do the same.
Let us go to the "Tower of David" where Our Lord is kept a prisoner and
let us remember that He is there for us. Let us not be amongst those to
whom He will have to say sadly: "I was in prison and you did not visit
Me." Later on, at the end of His life, He will allow His own people to
take Him prisoner and will stand still while they put the chains on His
wrists and will allow Himself to be dragged where they wish. Later on
still He will choose to be imprisoned in the little Host and to make
Himself to the end of time our Prisoner of Love.

Thy imprisonments were all voluntary, my JESUS, they were all suffered
out of love and out of love for me. Oh, may these visits that I am
paying Thee during the blessed season of Advent result in my imbibing
more of the spirit of my imprisoned Master. Mine too is a voluntary
imprisonment; I am His captive because I said: I will be His servant, "I
will not go out free" (Ex. XXI. 5). I gave up my liberty, preferring to
be His prisoner rather than the devil's free man. Naturally He takes me
at my word, but oh, sometimes prison-life is very hard to bear! He
chains me to a bed of sickness, where I must lie still and see the work
I long to do left undone or, what is perhaps harder still, badly done;
He gives me great desires and no means of fulfilling them; He fills me
with plans and schemes for His glory and then seems to make it
impossible for them to be realized; He trains me, as I think, for some
particular position and then detains me in another for which it seems to
me I have not the least aptitude; He sets limits to my strength; He
seems to keep me always in the background; He appears to use everybody
else except me for His work; He seems to cramp my efforts and allow me
no scope for the talents He has given me.

The Divine Prisoner Himself answers my plaints: My child, all these
things only prove that you are My prisoner, that I have taken you at
your word and that I do with you as I wish. Your time is not lost any
more than Mine was. By doing My Will, however inscrutable it may seem to
you, you are doing far more for Me than if you were doing your own.
Trust me, be patient, bear and suffer all for Me, Who am a Prisoner for
you. I love you to be dependent on Me, I love you to walk by faith, I
love you to trust Me, and so I am constantly doing little things to
remind you that you are My prisoner. Strive to be a prisoner of love as
I am, that is (1) one who is in prison for love of another, (2) one who
loves his chains, (3) one whose every act in prison is done to please


How much darkness adds to the sufferings of prison life! It was a
suffering which JESUS living in Mary endured for me; and yet while He,
the Light of the world was there, her blessed womb was flooded with
light, with the light of Heaven itself.

What light this thought throws on my interior life! The suffering of
darkness! It is a suffering which He inflicts upon many of His prisoners
of love. "Who is there among you that feareth the Lord, that heareth the
voice of His servant, that hath walked in darkness and hath no light?
Let him hope in the name of the Lord and lean upon his God." (Is. L.
10). If only I can make myself believe that the darkness is permitted by
Him there will be a ray of light at once in the darkness because God is
there, "Surely God is in this place." But how can I be sure that the
darkness is permitted by Him? If I am living the interior life, if my
intention is to please Him in all that I do, and if, however badly I
succeed, I never willingly take back that intention, then _I am pleasing
God_; and if I am pleasing God, I am one of His own dear children, just
as really as was His Son Who did always the things that pleased Him. If
I am one of His children I know, for He has told me so, that _nothing_
can happen to me without His knowledge and His permission, yea His
arranging. So if I have to walk in darkness rather than in light, if
desolation is my spiritual lot and consolation is almost unknown to me,
if a veil hides God's face and my continual cry is: "Oh, that I might
know and find Him" (Job XXIII. 3), if prayer seems impossible, if I have
a distaste, almost a repugnance for all spiritual things, if even Our
Lady seems to desert me, if at times I am on the brink of despair,
tempted even to think that my soul will be lost, if, in short, darkness,
thick darkness has settled down on my soul--what then? "Let him _hope_
in the name of the Lord and lean upon his God." But how can I hope in
darkness, how can I lean upon Someone Who is not there? By faith, that
is by saying all the time: This darkness is _His_ doing, therefore it is
what He wants for me. "I, the Lord create darkness!" That makes all the

Faith, as it always does, lets a streak of light into the darkness; God
is there and it is only to make the soul more sure of this that He
permits the darkness. If the soul can find and recognize God in the
darkness then it knows Him very intimately and this is what God wants--a
love so great that it detects the Beloved One at once. Does darkness
make any difference to the intercourse of those who love? They rather
prefer it, so that all may be shut out except each other. This is what
God wants from those whom He is teaching to be interior--He puts them
into prison and leaves them in the dark. Are they going to be unhappy,
to repine and complain, longing for consolation and all the sweet things
with which God fed them when they hardly knew Him? Not if they have
faith; and if their faith is strong, they will hardly be able to
distinguish desolation from consolation, God's absence from His
presence, yea the very darkness itself from the light! For is it not
their God who is the cause of all that is happening to them, and is not
that enough for those who love? They only want His Will, not their own,
and His Will is to keep them in prison and in the dark and so to unite
them more closely to Himself Who for their sake faced for nine months
the darkness of the womb. In the terrible moments when despair seems so
near us, let us hold on to the fact that we _want_ to please God and
therefore that we are His children and that He loves us and is arranging
everything--this is the little ray of hope in the darkness, the line of
light, and in it we read the words: "I give them life everlasting and
they shall not perish for ever; and no man shall pluck them out of My
Hand." (St. John X. 28).

_Colloquy_ with JESUS, the Light of the world, imprisoned in darkness
for me.

_Resolution._ To lean upon my God in times of darkness.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "I form the light and create darkness." (Is. XLV.



     "Verily, Thou art a hidden God, the God of Israel the

                                              (Is. XLV. 15).

_1st. Prelude._ JESUS hidden in Mary.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace so to find Him that I may live the hidden life.


He was hidden in the womb of His Mother; all through His life and death
on earth, His Divinity was hidden except to a very few; in His
Eucharistic life He will hide Himself to the end of time in the little
Host. He seemed to love hiding when He was on earth and when He did
reveal Himself, it was something like a child playing at hide and seek.
He hid Himself from the Samaritan woman till He had heard all her story
and then said suddenly: "I am He (the Messias) Who am speaking with
thee" (St. John IV. 26). The blind man whom He cured had not the least
idea Who He was till JESUS, hearing that he had been reviled and cast
out of the Synagogue, went and talked to him about the Son of God and
then said in the middle of the conversation: "Thou hast both seen Him,
and it is He that talketh with thee" (chap. IX. 37). From Mary Magdalen
at the sepulchre He deliberately hid Himself under the form of a
gardener that He might have the joy of suddenly surprising her with His
presence. Perhaps the most touching story of all is that of the two
disciples going to Emmaus; out of His very love for them, He blindfolded
them and then made them look for Him, while He put them off the scent by
pretending that He knew nothing about all the things that had been
happening in Jerusalem; and then when His moment was come "their eyes
were opened and they knew Him." (St. Luke XXIV. 31). He treats His
children in the same way still, He constantly hides Himself from them,
leaves them alone to fight and struggle in desolation, solitude and
spiritual darkness, and then sometimes shows by His sudden presence how
near He has been all the time.

Let me consider two questions:

1. _How does He hide Himself?_ (1) Behind obstacles that He makes:
suffering, desolation, darkness, temptation, scruples, failure
(spiritual as well as temporal), uncongenial people and
surroundings--all those many forms of the cross which the true disciple
knows so well. Let us remember that _He_ is hidden in them, it will make
all the difference. (2) Behind obstacles that we ourselves make. This
is not so consoling. He has every right to hide Himself from me, but I
have no right to make His coming to me difficult by obstacles that I put
in His path, and yet how often I do it! Self is the great obstacle. I am
taken up with myself, with my own shortcomings and miseries and failures
and weaknesses, with my imagination (how it runs away with me, away from
Him!) and my fears, my introspection--uselessly looking into myself to
see how I am advancing. What are all these but obstacles which keep God
at a distance? The soul that attracts Him is the soul that is occupied
with Him, not with self.

2. _Why does He hide Himself?_ Why does He deliberately set up obstacles
which prevent the soul from seeing Him? Why does a mother hide from her
child? Is it not for the joy of seeing it look for her and for the
consolation she is going to give it in letting herself be found? It is
the same with our God Who hides Himself. He wants to make us look for
Him, He wants to increase our love, our desire and our merit, He wants
to make us strong in faith and confidence, while acknowledging our
helplessness and dependence and nothingness without Him.


Though JESUS was hidden in Mary, He was never hidden from her. This was
(1) because Mary never put any obstacle between herself and JESUS--her
thoughts were all with Him and never with herself, and (2) because her
faith and love and desire were so strong that she at once overcame all
obstacles, which He in His love and desire for her merit put in her way
as was the case during the three days' loss. JESUS and Mary are the
models of my interior life. Like Mary I must try to surmount all
obstacles, welcome every sword that pierces, leave self and seek Him.
Like JESUS in Mary I must strive to lead a hidden life.

How is it to be done? There is only one way--to have God always before
my eyes, and self only there to be sacrificed. If I make this my rule,
it will simplify my life and be the quick solution of many problems. Why
this _dryness_ in prayer? To bring God to my mind and to give me an
opportunity of sacrificing self with its love of spiritual consolation
and sensible enjoyment. The very dryness makes me thirst after God: "As
the hart panteth after the fountains of water, so my soul panteth after
Thee, O God. My soul hath thirsted after the strong living God; when
shall I come and appear before the face of God?" (Ps. XLI. 1-3). This is
what God wants--to see the soul longing and thirsting for Him. That is
why He puts the obstacle of dryness between Himself and the soul, and
hides Himself behind it while He watches the soul struggling to forget
itself and saying: "O my soul why dost thou disquiet me? Hope thou in
God, for I will still give praise to Him" (verse 12). This is how the
faithful soul overcomes the obstacles--not by praying to have them
removed, but by a firm faith that God is in them. So with
temptations--why these terrible temptations, when God could so easily
remove them? Because He is the Master and He knows what is best. If the
temptations were removed, the soul would soon be wrapped up in
self-complacency and self-satisfaction. Temptations properly used keep
the soul close to God, it sees God hidden in them and forgetting all
about its treacherous self, it turns to Him Who alone can save it from
falling, it keeps God only in view and makes the sacrifice of self. The
same principle holds good for all the many obstacles behind which God
hides. If they are properly used they are no longer obstacles, but
stepping-stones by means of which we pass to Him. God everywhere and
self nowhere! God everything and self nothing! God, not self, the object
of all I do and think and plan! And that not because I can feel Him and
see Him and enjoy Him, but because my faith tells me that though hidden
_He is there_. This was the principle of Mary's life hidden with her
Son. He was the cause, the direct cause, of all her troubles, of all the
many swords that pierced her most pure heart, yet never was there a life
hidden with Christ as was Mary's and the reason was that she forgot
herself and saw JESUS only.

"_Your_ life is hid with Christ in God." Are these words of St. Paul
true about me? Let me read the whole verse and then I shall know: "For
_you are dead_, and your life is hid with Christ in God." _When_ self is
dead, then I shall be able to say _God only_, and till then, God be
thanked, I can hide my miserable self in Him and tell Him that I want it
to be sacrificed though I so seldom have the courage to do it.

_Colloquy_ with JESUS hidden in Mary.

_Resolution._ To see my hidden God everywhere and self nowhere.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Why hidest Thou Thy Face?" (Job XIII. 24).



     "Behold I come that I should do Thy Will: O my God, I have
     desired it, and Thy law in the midst of my heart."

                                          (Ps. XXXIX. 8, 9).

_1st. Prelude._ Vas spirituale. Vas insigne devotionis.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to "pray without ceasing." (1 Thess. V. 17).


Amongst all the lessons that JESUS living in Mary teaches us, that on
prayer must ever hold a foremost place. What is Prayer? "The lifting up
of the heart and mind to God," the Catechism tells us. To love God,
then, and to think about Him is to pray. JESUS lived in Mary uniquely to
do the Will of His Father. He and the Father were _one_--one heart, one
mind. He took pleasure in all that concerned His Father: "Hallowed be
Thy Name, Thy Kingdom come, Thy Will be done on earth as it is in
Heaven." He taught us to pray in the same way, taking our thoughts away
from ourselves to our Father, and when we do ask for something for
ourselves, letting it be just a short prayer for mercy or for help,
acknowledging our weakness and misery and nothingness, while we keep our
eyes fixed on our Father--He God, I His creature; He everything, I
nothing. "God be merciful to me a sinner," this prayer contains all we

O my little JESUS, Who didst think of me in Thy communion with Thy
Father, for Thou didst come to do His Will, and His Will was that I
should be saved, teach me to think of Thee and to love Thee so much that
my life, too, may be one perpetual prayer, that is, that communion with
God may be the attitude of my soul.


She was ever holding colloquies with her God within her, pondering
things over in her heart, that is, talking them over with Him from Whom
she had no secrets and between Whom and her soul she put no obstacles.
Her life was spent with Him; whatever her duties might be, everything
was done with Him, that is prayer. If duties or conservation demanded
all her attention for a while, did it matter? No, for He was there all
the same. He, in her, carried on the blessed converse with His Father;
there was never any separation between Mary and the Blessed Fruit of her
womb, JESUS. She would come back to Him with all the more joy, and tell
Him what she had been doing and saying. Oh, blessed life of union
between JESUS and Mary! Teach me, my Mother, what prayer is. Thou didst
understand it so well. It was prayer that made thy life interior for
thou wast ever communing with Him Who was _within_ thee. "O Mother of
the Word, despise not my words."


When we think of JESUS praying for nine months to His Father, when we
think of Mary's nine months' colloquy with JESUS, we begin to think that
there is something wrong about our methods of prayer, that they need
re-modelling. Let us try to understand something of what His prayer was.
We think of Him, and quite rightly, as talking over with His Father all
His plans for man's salvation, praying for each individual thing that
would be connected with it through all time. We love to think that He
prayed particularly for each one of us. But all this was not the
_essence_ of His prayer, if it were, we might well be discouraged and
feel that we could never copy such a model; our distractions and
fatigues, our ignorance and want of memory, to say nothing of our times
of dryness and distaste for prayer would make such prayers, except
perhaps now and again in times of consolation, impossible for us. Am I
to turn away sadly then from Mary this time, saying: It is too hard for
me, I cannot copy thy Son here? No, rather let me ask what was the
essence of His prayer? What was it which lay behind all? It was the
_intention_. And what was that? We have meditated upon it many times:
"_Behold I come to do Thy Will, O my God._" The essence of His prayer
was: Thy Will be done and I am here to do it. Naturally there are many
different ways of doing that Will, and many degrees in the perfection
with which it is done; and that is why we are quite safe in picturing to
ourselves JESUS in the womb of His Mother forgetting no single detail;
or perhaps a truer picture would be a union with His Father so perfect
that everything lay open before them both, and that there was no need to
talk about what was so evident. Now let me apply all this to myself and
I shall find that instead of being discouraging it is most encouraging,
instead of making my prayers harder it will make them far easier. What
is my intention in my prayers? Is it not to please God and to do His
Will? What does my Morning Offering mean, but that the prayers, work and
sufferings of the day are all offered to Him? I form then my _intention_
for the day, and as long as I do not deliberately take back that
intention, it is there, even if I forget to renew it each morning. Now
let me see how this works out in practice. I pay a Visit to our Lord,
perhaps I am too tired to think about Him, I may even sleep in His
presence; perhaps I am so busy that I find it impossible to keep away
distracting thoughts; perhaps I am more taken up with the spiritual book
I am reading than with Him--the time is up and I go, thinking, perhaps,
what is the good of paying Him a Visit like that? There is great good
even in that Visit which all the same might have been so much more
perfect. What was my intention in paying it? Certainly to please Him.
Then I _have_ pleased Him. It was a pleasure to Him to see me come in
and sit with Him, even though I was occupied with my own concerns most
of the time. We are too much taken up with asking _how_ we say our
prayers, but the important question is _why_ do we say them. To go and
sit in His presence, because He is lonely or because I am tired and I
would rather sit with Him than with anyone else is _prayer_, even if I
say nothing. What God is doing for me is of far more importance to my
soul than what I am doing for God; and all the time that I am there,
whether I am thinking of Him or not, He is impressing His image on my
soul, and this is true, if I am in the state of grace, not only of my
stated times of prayer, but of all the day long and the night too. What
God wants in our prayers is simplicity. To help us to understand what
simplicity is, let us think of a little child with its mother. The
mother gives it something to play with or something to do. Is she very
much concerned about _what_ the child is doing or _how_ it is doing it?
Not at all, that is of no consequence; nothing it does can be of any
real _service_ to the mother; but there is something that concerns her
very much, and that is whether her child loves her, is happy to be with
her, and wants to please her. We are only children and God is more
tender than the tenderest mother. It makes very little difference to Him
what we are doing while we are with Him or even how we do it (how can
our little services make any difference to Him!); but whether or no we
love Him, whether or no we care to be with Him, whether or no we want to
please Him, these things make all the difference.

_Colloquy_ with JESUS and Mary about prayer.

_Resolution._ To try to live more in the spirit of prayer.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Let nothing hinder thee from praying _always_"
(Ecclus. XVIII. 22).



     "Behold I come that I should do Thy Will. O my God, I have
     desired it, and Thy law in the midst of my heart."

                                          (Ps. XXXIX. 8, 9).

_1st. Prelude._ JESUS living in and working through Mary.

_2nd. Prelude._ The grace of zeal according to His methods.

There is a very close connection between prayer and zeal; the more
perfect the prayer, the greater necessarily will be the zeal. Why?
Because prayer is identifying oneself with the mind and Will of God, and
doing everything with the unique intention of pleasing Him. What are the
Will and pleasure of God? The salvation of the world for which He became
incarnate--The closer we unite ourselves to God in prayer, the dearer
will His intentions be to us. The best workers are those who pray best,
those who enter most deeply into God's Will and plans. When we find our
zeal flagging, it would be well to examine ourselves on our spirit of


This zeal showed itself at once. No sooner had He become incarnate than
He inspired His Mother to take a difficult journey into the "hill
country" to visit her cousin Elizabeth. The zeal of JESUS showed itself
first of all, as it naturally would, on His Mother and filled her spirit
with the humility and charity and forgetfulness of self which were
needed for the journey. It then effected Elizabeth and filled her with
the Holy Ghost, but these were only the overflowings of His zeal on His
way to make what Father Faber calls His "first convert." The soul of
John the Baptist, His chosen Precursor, was very precious to Him and as
yet it lay unconscious at a distance from God in darkness and the shadow
of death. One of the first acts of God Incarnate was to deliver that
soul from prison and let it see what great things He had in store for
it. At the sound of the voice of the Mother with her Child, a change was
wrought in that dark soul; it was set free from the curse of original
sin, it was flooded with grace, it was brought nigh to God, the Holy
Ghost with all His gifts took possession of it and as a consequence, it
leapt in the womb in joy and gratitude and adoration.

The voice of Mary directed by her Child had simultaneously worked two
miracles of grace. Elizabeth heard the salutation first, but it was the
leaping of the Babe in her womb which made her understand that the
Incarnation had taken place, and cry with a loud voice: "Blessed art
thou among women and blessed is the Fruit of thy womb."

If the zeal of JESUS was so powerful during the first hours of His life,
what must it not have effected during the nine months! How many souls
without knowing (as St. John the Baptist did) the cause, were brought
nearer to Heaven by the presence of the Incarnate God in the world!


We have no need to dwell at any length on the zeal of her whom JESUS
used as His instrument during the nine months. Mary's was a zeal which
compelled her to spend and be spent in the service of those whom JESUS
loved; and the secret of its force was the interior life which she lived
with her Son--a perfect union of will and purpose with His.

Let me try to copy my Mother in her interior life and then I may hope
that her Son will use me too as an instrument of some of His zeal for
souls. He must use someone, for He has made Himself as dependent now in
the Tabernacle as He was during the time that He lived in Mary. He has
deliberately put Himself in the position of _needing_ instruments for
His work and He will naturally choose those who are most imbued with His
spirit and who are willing to adopt His methods. Such an instrument was
Mary. She put no obstacles in His way, because she had no will apart
from His, her zeal was only a reflexion of His.


If I am to fashion my zeal after the pattern of the zeal of JESUS, I
must be careful to see that my methods are the same as His. What were

(1) _Solitude._ Such was His solitude that no one but Mary knew that He
was there. He chose solitude not only during this first stage but during
the greater part of His life on earth, and He chooses it still in His
Eucharistic life. It must then be a very necessary accompaniment to
zeal. "_Learn of Me._" What am I to learn? That if my zeal is to be
efficacious I must live a hermit's life far from the haunts of men? Not
necessarily. It would be possible to do this without finding the
solitude that begets zeal; and it is quite possible to find the
necessary solitude even in the midst of the world's tumult. To say that
I have no opportunities for doing good because I am in uncongenial
surroundings, or because I am obliged by my circumstances to lead a
lonely life or to live where there is apparently no scope for work for
souls is to fail to understand what zeal is. Why do people shut
themselves up in convents, cries the world, when they might do so much
good outside? Uniquely because of their zeal for souls--they have
sufficient courage to adopt Our Lord's methods. If I am one whom He has
trusted with the trial of loneliness in my life, let me cultivate a
devotion to Him in His Mother's womb, and let me take heart and be of
good courage. All the activity in the world that is of any use is of use
because of the prayer that is behind it. _Whose_ prayers who shall say?
They may be _mine_ if I live an interior life, for those who live in the
retreat of their own heart with God have a limitless scope for their

(2) _Silence._ Zeal for God and His work does not depend then, on words.
I need not be troubled because I am not eloquent, or because I have an
impediment in my speech, or because I never know what to say. How could
such things matter to God, the Omnipotent God! He could alter them in a
moment if necessary. The Word Himself Who could have spoken so
attractively and with such power was silent for most of His life. The
time He chose for His Incarnation was "while all things were in quiet
silence and the night was in the midst of her course" (Wisdom XVIII.
14); and He is silent still in the Tabernacle; He loves silence, and the
more the soul is interior, the more it will adopt His method of silence
and the more it will understand what a marvellous help it is to zeal.
How can this be? Because the silence that we choose to keep for God
means shutting out all else, that we may talk to Him alone. Could there
be a better method than this for making us zealous for the work so dear
to His Heart?

(3) _Obedience._ Think of His obedience in the womb of His Mother. His
very Incarnation was an act of obedience, He waited for Mary's _Fiat_.
His waiting for nine months was purely an act of obedience to the laws
of nature, for His Soul and Body were perfect from the moment of His
conception. All the time that He lived in Mary, He obeyed all whom she
obeyed--St. Joseph, the Roman Emperor, the people at Bethlehem. He gave
up His own Will to others.

This was His method of being zealous. This is how He did the work that
He had come to do. Can I adopt this method? It is not easy. I do so love
to follow my own sweet will especially when I am working for the souls
of others. I feel that no one has a right to dictate to me, that my work
ought to be spontaneous, not cramped nor confined nor limited nor any
other adjective that the devil can persuade me to use, if only he can
make me believe that it is a blessed thing to be independent! If my zeal
for God is to be worth anything, let me follow the methods of God
Incarnate in the womb of His Mother and be absolutely obedient to God,
to His Holy Church and to those whom I ought to obey.

(4) _Poverty._ "You know the grace of our Lord JESUS Christ, that being
rich, He became poor for your sakes, that through His poverty you might
be rich" (2 Cor. VIII. 9). In His zeal for our wealth, He made Himself
poor, He deliberately adopted poverty as one of His methods in His life
of zeal. Poverty is the voluntary laying aside of all that we might
have, in order that our purpose may be single. All can do this whether
rich or poor, for all have much that they would rather not lay on one
side, and _all_ have _self_. Let us think what the Eternal Word was as
God, and then what He was in Mary's womb, and we shall understand what
poverty means. If we are to be zealous in His service, we must not only
understand, but copy.

(5) _Patience._ Patience is a twofold grace, that of _waiting_ and that
of _suffering_, both are a great aid to zeal. The Eternal Word's zeal
for the salvation of men had existed in all its perfection and all its
fulness from all eternity, yet think how long He waited! When the
conditions were changed and He had at length become incarnate, He still
waited patiently for nine months, and after that He waited for thirty
years! This was zeal, zeal in its _perfection_. Is my zeal tempered with
patience? Am I patient with souls, patient with myself, patient above
all when God says: _Wait_, do nothing?

JESUS showed His patience in the womb of His Mother not only by waiting;
but by suffering, as we have already seen, all the inconveniences that
were incident to His new existence. He doubtless also forestalled all
the sufferings that were in store for Him and offered them all to His
Father. Zeal without the aid of suffering cannot go far and it was one
of the methods He chose. If I have not courage enough to _choose_ it, I
must, if my zeal is to be at all like His, be ready for it when He
chooses it for me.

It will probably be seen one day that those whose lives have been lives
of suffering, and who have never been able to do any active work for
Him, are those whose zeal has effected the most for His glory and His

Those of us who are not entrusted with this wonderfully blessed gift of
suffering, can at any rate offer to Him for souls all the many little
inconveniences and incommodities of our lives, and so copy to some small
extent the life of JESUS hidden in Mary.

O my little JESUS, help me, at whatever cost to self, to copy Thee.

_Colloquy_ with JESUS hidden in Mary, asking Him for grace, so to adopt
His methods that He may use me as an instrument of His zeal.

_Resolution._ Not to shrink from adopting His methods.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Every one that hath zeal ... let him follow Me" (1
Macc. II. 27).


                                              December 17th.

     "O Wisdom Who camest forth from the mouth of the Most High,
     reaching from end to end mightily, and disposing all things
     sweetly, come and teach us the way of prudence!"

                                    (_Vide_ Wisdom VIII. 1).

_1st. Prelude._ The Tabernacle of the hidden God.

_2nd. Prelude._ The grace of prudence.

For seven days before the Vigil of Christmas, the Church makes use of
seven solemn antiphons, commonly known as the "Seven O's," because they
all begin with "O." One is sung every day at Vespers reminding us that
Our Lord is to come in the evening of the world's history. They are a
sort of cry or invitation of the Church, addressing her Bridegroom by
some spiritual title and begging Him to come. Before and after the
_Magnificat_ is the time the Church chooses for these solemn antiphons
in order to keep constantly before our minds the truth that He is coming
by Mary. As the days of Advent draw nearer to their close, this truth is
plainly marked in the Mass. The Epistle, Gospel and Communion for Ember
Wednesday (in the third week) are all full of Mary; the Gospel for Ember
Friday gives the account of the Visitation; the Mass for the Fourth
Sunday of Advent, as if the Church were loath to leave her out, brings
Mary in at the Offertory and Communion; and that for the Vigil of
Christmas devotes its Gospel to her. Let us then as we meditate on these
great antiphons look in the direction of Mary where our King is as yet
hidden, remembering that it is she who when Christmas comes, is going to
shew unto us the Blessed Fruit of her womb JESUS.


He is the _Eternal_ Wisdom, and He has now become the _Incarnate_
Wisdom. It is to Him that the Church is calling to-day. He is the
"Wisdom of God" (1 Cor. I. 24) and the Source of all wisdom; and yet as
man the Spirit of God has rested upon Him and filled His human Soul with
the seven-fold gifts, of which Wisdom is the first. This gift enabled
Him as man to know all mysteries, all God's secret designs and plans,
and to enjoy to the full all His perfections. The subject is so vast
that it seems impossible for me to meditate about it, but I will take
one of the many things which the Holy Scriptures say about Wisdom, one
which will lead me again to the Sanctuary where I would be.

"God loveth none but him that dwelleth with Wisdom" (Wisdom VII. 28). He
so loved His poor fallen world that He gave His only begotten Son to be
incarnate for it, and now all He asks from His children in return is
their love and that they should show it by dwelling with Him. He came to
be _Emmanuel_, God with us. He tabernacled among us, and what His Father
asks is that we should not shun Him and live far away from Him, but that
we should dwell with Him. Let me keep close then in spirit to His
blessed Mother, the Tabernacle where my God is hidden, and let me keep
close in reality to the Tabernacle on the Altar where He is expecting my
confidences as surely as He expected those of His Mother; let me treat
Him as my Friend to Whom I can tell everything that concerns me--how
anxious I am to desire Him to come and yet how little desire I seem to
have. There is a way of dwelling with Him which is even closer still:
"He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood abideth in Me and I in
him" (St. John VI. 57). This is the extension of the Incarnation, the
way that Infinite Wisdom devised by which poor fallen man could
nevertheless dwell with Wisdom.

O Eternal Wisdom, help me to make better use of this Thy most wonderful
plan for continuing the Incarnation! He was incarnate for me in the womb
of the Blessed Virgin, but He is incarnate for me in a more special and
personal way each time that I receive Him in Holy Communion. By means of
my Communions and their effects I can dwell always without any
interruption in the tabernacle of the Most High, for it is of me that
Eternal Wisdom speaks when He says: "My Father will love him, and We
will come to him and will make Our abode with him." (St. John XIV. 23).


Wisdom "can do all things" (Wisdom VII. 27) and it is God hidden in the
womb of Mary, Who is reaching from end to end of the earth and ordering
the whole world to be enrolled everyone in his own city. Why was this?
Because the Roman Emperor wanted to know the number of the subjects in
his vast empire just to satisfy his ambition? This is the answer the
world would give, but in this case the children of Light--the children
of the Incarnate Wisdom know better. The world is being agitated, though
it does not know it, not by the command of any earthly monarch, but by
the King of kings Who is about to be born and Who must fulfil a certain
prophecy as to His birthplace. The prophet Micaias said of Him: "His
going forth is from the beginning, from the days of eternity. And thou,
Bethlehem Ephrata art a little one among the thousands of Juda; _out of
thee shall He come_" (chap. V. 2); and Mary, the mother who had been
destined from all eternity to give birth to Him Who was "from the days
of eternity," was living quietly at _Nazareth_ making all her
preparations for His birth there. But could not God have devised means
to send Mary to Bethlehem without disturbing the whole world? Yes, but
He would show to those who have eyes to see, that wisdom "_can_ do all
things," that though He is to all appearances helpless, hidden and
dependent, yet it is He and not any other Who is King of the whole
world, and that even now before His birth He can reach from end to end
of it mightily and do what He will therein. And so "there went out a
decree from Caesar Augustus that the whole world should be enrolled ...
everyone in his own city," and Joseph and Mary went to Bethlehem and it
so happened (as we should say) "that when they were there, her days were
accomplished, that she should be delivered" (St. Luke II. 1-6) and the
King was born in _Bethlehem_. Sweetly He had ordered all things to suit
His divine purpose.


Come, my little King, Who art nevertheless the Eternal Wisdom, come and
teach me this heavenly prudence. I know Thy power and I know Thy
gentleness. I know, that is to say, that Thou _canst_ do everything and
that Thou art disposing sweetly everything in my life; but I want Thee
to come and teach me to put my knowledge into practice. If the whole
world could be set in motion by Thee just in order that one little
desire of Thy Divine Providence might be fulfilled, shall I not be ready
to own that Thou art indeed the King, that whatever may happen in the
earth, it is the Lord Who _reigneth_; and in my own life when things
seem, as they sometimes do, inexplicable and beyond all human ken, Oh!
come and teach me that the way of prudence is to lie still like a little
child in its mother's arms, not to try to fathom nor to understand, but
to say: I am in the Arms of the Eternal Wisdom, Who can do all things,
Who loves me with an infinite love and Who is disposing all things
sweetly, gently, mercifully for my sake.

This is the lesson the Child yet unborn would teach. His Mother
understood, for, as we have seen, one principle guided the two lives;
but it was not easy for her to have all her plans disarranged, to hear
that she and her husband must take a long journey perhaps of two or
three days, to know that her Son could not be born in her own little
home so dear to her with all its hallowed memories, to know that she
could not lay Him in the little cradle that she had so lovingly prepared
for Him nor surround Him with the little comforts that she had been able
to provide. All this would have been much even for a rich mother to give
up, and Mary was poor and she knew that she and Joseph would have to
take just what they could get and no more. Yet in Mary's heart there
was no anxiety, no murmuring, no hesitation, no regret even. Why?
Because the Babe within her taught her prudence, taught her, that is,
that God's ways are best, that it was He Who was ordering all things
sweetly, and that if her plans were upset, it simply meant that they did
not happen to be God's plans; and she willingly gave up hers for His.

O Mary as I kneel before the Tabernacle where Thy Son as yet lies
hidden, present my petitions to Him. Tell Him that, cost what it may, I
do want His Will to be done, I do want to realize that it is He Who is
ordering all things sweetly for me and that though the way is often
difficult it is _His_ way and therefore mine--"the way of prudence."

_Colloquy_ with the Incarnate Wisdom.

_Resolution._ "I purposed therefore to take her (Wisdom) to me to live
with me, knowing that she will communicate to me of her good things"
(Wisdom VIII. 9).

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "O Sapientia! ... come and teach us the way of


        December 18th. Feast of the Expectation of Our Lady.

     "O Adonai and Leader of the House of Israel! Who appearedst
     to Moses in the fire of the flaming bush and gavest him the
     law on Sinai. Come and redeem us by Thy outstretched arm."

                           (Ex. VI. 3, III. 1-9, XX. 18-22).

_1st. Prelude._ The Tabernacle of the Hidden God.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to expect and desire with Mary.


We think again to-day of the Mother as well as of the Son. There is
another "O" which is in the Vespers of the Feast of the Expectation
together with the "_O Adonai_!" and that is "_O Virgo virginum_!" We
appeal again then to Mary asking her to show us how to wait, how to
desire, how to love, how to worship. Let us try to think what her
feelings must have been during these last few days. She is preparing for
her journey, putting together the few necessaries that they could take,
packing up the little "swaddling clothes," and all the time thinking of
nothing but her Son, Whose Face she is now so soon to see. The joy of
the expectation is so great that it overshadows all else--she can talk
of and think of nothing but His birth, now so near, and it is to _Him_
that she talks. All her secrets, all her longings, all her hopes, all
her words of love and joy are for Him. This is the interior life.

As the great day approaches is my interior life becoming more intense?
Are all my desires centred on the little One Who is coming? Am I
continually holding converse with Him, telling Him all that is in my
heart? Is He the centre of all my preparations for Christmas? Is the
real Christmas joy, that is, the joy caused by the thought of His
Coming, so great that it puts into the shade all difficulties, sorrows,
disappointments and inconveniences? Mary's troubles were all caused by
JESUS. If it had not been for the prophecy which said He must be born in
Bethlehem she would not have had to leave her home at such an
inconvenient moment and at such an inclement season of the year.

When shall I learn that all my troubles come directly from JESUS too,
and from my union with Him? When I do, I shall have peace, the peace
which Mary had and which a really interior life cannot fail to produce.
If I find that my peace is easily disturbed by passing events, let me
examine my conscience as to my interior life and I shall probably find
the reason.


O Lord and _Leader_! "Give ear, O Thou that rulest Israel, Thou that
_leadest_ Joseph like a sheep!" ("Introit" for Advent II and "Gradual"
for Advent III). This is the idea in the Church's cry to-day, she is
saluting her General. He it is Who though as yet hidden is nevertheless
leading all. He it is Who slowly though surely has been leading the
world through many phases till it is ready for its Creator to come and
live upon it. He it is Who has led Joseph like a sheep--carefully
watched over the chosen nation, because He Himself, when the time came,
was to be born in it. He it is Who led the prophets, carefully guiding
their hands to write of Him and making their prophecies more and more
lucid as the day approached. He it is Who is now leading the whole world
and placing everybody in his own city. He it is Who is leading Joseph
away from Nazareth. He it is Who is leading His own Mother over every
step of that difficult and tiring journey, letting the joy in His own
Heart overflow into hers; and He is _my_ Leader too. With such a
General, nothing will be overlooked in my life; everything will be
arranged in wisdom and love. I need have no fear, no anxiety on that
account; but such a Leader expects a whole-hearted, unswerving
allegiance from His followers. He expects not only their obedience, but
their loyalty and their love. Does He demand these by force? No, for He
is a _Leader_, not a driver. "He calleth His own sheep by name and
_leadeth_ them.... He goeth before them and the sheep follow Him" (St.
John X. 3, 4). What are His methods? The Incarnation with all its
consequences. He made Himself a _man_, not an angel, because He wanted
to attract man to Himself, to win his love. He identified Himself with
man, because He wanted man to identify himself with Him. The church, the
Holy Eucharist, the Tabernacle, Holy Communion, His Sacred Heart--all
these are to attract men to follow Him. He is there in each of these
going before and leading men on. He is appealing to them now from the
womb of His Mother, suggesting to them that they should choose suffering
and humiliation and the hidden life, because He chose them and loved
them and submitted to them for us; they were His methods, and His object
in becoming incarnate for us was to win our love to such an extent that
we should take Him as our Leader and adopt His methods.

Oh! come, little Leader, come and redeem us. I for one am determined to
follow wheresoever Thou dost lead, "in what place soever Thou shalt be,
my Lord King, either in death or in life there will Thy servant be" (2
Kings XV. 21). "Behold I have given Him for a Leader" (Is. LV. 4).


The outstretched arm is a sign (1) of _power_. The little One Whom we
are expecting, though so winning and gentle and loving, is nevertheless
the Almighty and All-powerful God. He it is Who said: "I made the earth
and the men and the beasts that are upon the earth by My great power and
by My stretched out arm" (Jer. XXVII. 5). He it is Who said of those who
would not acknowledge Him as their King: "I will Myself fight against
you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm" (chap. XXI. 5). He
it is Who "with a strong hand and a stretched-out arm" delivered His
people of old out of the land of Egypt (Deut. XXVI. 8). He it is Who
gave the law on Sinai, when "the thunders began to be heard and
lightning to flash and a very thick cloud to cover the mount, and the
noise of the trumpet sounded exceeding loud and the people ... feared."
Why? Because "the Lord came down upon Mount Sinai in the very top of
the mount" (Ex. XIX. 16, 20). He came then in power to give with His own
outstretched arm His commandments to His people; but now He is coming in
the silence of the night to win them by His love and no one will be
afraid of a little Child.

Oh! come, and redeem us by Thy stretched out arm. Come in all Thy might
to save us from our sins--our past sins and the evil habits they have
left, our present attachment to venial sins which we are ashamed of, but
are obliged to confess lingers still; come and deliver us from our
countless imperfections: "Lord if Thou wilt, Thou canst make me clean"
(St. Matt. VIII. 2).

The outstretched arm is also a sign (2) of _pity_, of _yearning_, of
_longing_. A mother stretches out her arms to receive her babe taking
its first tottering steps, to welcome her prodigal, to protect those in
danger, to help in every time of need.

When God was longing to deliver His people of old from the cruel bondage
in Egypt, He attracted Moses' attention by a burning bush, so that He
could tell him of His yearnings towards His people. Moses saw that the
bush was on fire and was not burnt and he said: "I will go and see why
the bush is not burnt" (Ex. III. 2-3). That bush hid two mysteries which
were beyond Moses' power of reason, but God revealed them later to His
Saints. The fire that burned was the Divinity and the bush which was
impregnated by the fire and yet not burnt was the Sacred Humanity.
Again, the bush was a figure of Mary who though she received the God-Man
into her sacred womb yet remained a virgin--the bush held the flame of
fire which lighted the whole world and yet remained intact. Moses though
he did not see the things which we see, nevertheless saw a "great sight"
and "when the Lord saw that he went forward to see, He called to him out
of the midst of the bush" and told him not to come too near and to take
off his shoes for the ground was holy. He then told him Who He was and
why He had come: "I have seen the afflictions of My people.... I have
heard their cry ... and knowing their sorrow, I am come down to deliver
them" (verses 7, 8). It was the Heart of God yearning for His children.
His Hands were stretched out in pity and love, but His hour was not yet.
He waited and "when the fulness of the time was come, God sent His Son"
(Gal. IV. 4); and now we are kneeling before the Sanctuary wherein He
has still a few days to wait; we have turned aside to see the "great
sight," we know that we are treading on holy ground. "_Rubum quem
viderat Moyses incombustum conservatam agnovimus tuam laudabilem
virginitatem_; _Dei genitrix intercede pro nobis._" In the bush which
Moses saw unconsumed, we acknowledge thy admirable virginity preserved:
intercede for us, O Mother of God. (Little Office. B. V. M.--A Christmas

As we keep near to the Burning Bush we wonder more and more at the
mystery; we ask why, but we never receive a satisfying answer, for who
can fathom the mystery of the love of God? The Word is silent yet. Could
He speak, we should hear the same words as Moses heard, for the Heart of
God changes not: "I have seen the afflictions of My people.... I am come
down to deliver them." How intense were His yearnings! How great was His
expectation! Let me try to make Him some little return by my desires and
my yearnings for Him! Oh! come, little Saviour, come and redeem us by
Thy outstretched Arm!

_Colloquy_ with Him Who is so soon to come.

_Resolution._ To wait with His Mother to-day asking her to give me some
of her desire.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "A little Child shall lead them" (Is. _XI._ 6).


                                              December 19th.

     "O Root of Jesse! Who standest as the ensign of the people,
     before Whom Kings shall keep silence and unto Whom the
     nations shall make their supplication, come and set us free,
     tarry now no longer."

                       (Vide Is. XI. 10 and Apoc. XXII. 16).

_1st. Prelude._ The Tree of Jesse so often seen carved on cathedral
porches and painted on windows, and in Missals.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to rally under the Standard of the Tree of Jesse.


"There shall come forth a Rod out of the Root of Jesse, and a Flower
shall rise up out of his Root; and the Spirit of the Lord shall rest
upon Him: the Spirit of Wisdom and of Understanding, the Spirit of
Counsel and of Fortitude, the Spirit of Knowledge and of Godliness; and
He shall be filled with the Spirit of the Fear of the Lord" (Is. XI.
1-3). St. Jerome says that the Branch is Our Lady and the Flower her
Son, Who says of Himself: "I am the Flower of the field and the Lily of
the valleys" (Cant. II. 1); and a responsory dating from the middle ages
says: "_R._ The Root of Jesse gave out a Branch: and the Branch a
Flower; and on the Flower resteth the Holy Spirit. _V._ The Virgin
Mother of God is the Branch, her Son is the Flower, and on the Flower
resteth the Holy Spirit."

So once again, if we would find the Flower we must first find the Branch
which bears it. The Flower is still in bud but presently it will open,
and its beauty and fragrance will fill the whole earth and attract all
men to it: "What manner of one is thy Beloved of the beloved, O thou
most beautiful among women?" "My Beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out
of thousands" (Cant. V. 9, 10). I can understand that thy beautiful Lily
is white, for I know that such is His purity that even the heavens are
not pure in His sight, but why is His apparel _red_? (Is. LXIII. 2).
Because He is "clothed with a garment sprinkled with blood: and His name
is called: _The Word of God_" (Apoc. XIX. 13). Even now, before His
delicate petals are unfolded, they are marked with the Cross.

O Root of Jesse, can ever tree compare with thine--one of whose branches
was found worthy to bear a Flower so fair! There are further beauties as
we gaze--a heavenly Dew is resting on the Flower, it is the Holy Spirit
Himself, Who at that blest moment when He overshadowed the Branch poured
out all His choicest gifts upon the Flower. As God, the seven-fold gifts
were His from all eternity, and directly the Humanity was united to the
Eternal Word, the divine perfections belonged to it, so that as man "He
was made unto us the _Wisdom_ of _God_" and could understand all
mysteries. By the gift of _Understanding_ He knew and entered into all
God's plans for the Redemption of the world. The gift of _Counsel_
showed Him exactly what was the Will of His Father which He had come to
do. The gift of _Fortitude_ gave Him the strength to carry out His
Father's Will and to say ever: Not My Will but Thine be done. His
_Knowledge_ was so profound that He preferred poverty to riches, and to
be despised rather than to be honoured; He knew as Man the true worth of
the thing which as God He had created. The gift of _Piety_ established
that tender relationship between Him and His Father which He wished us
to have when He taught us to say: _Our Father_; it included also His
perfect relationship with His Mother and St. Joseph. The gift of _Fear_
gave Him as Man a reverence and respect for the majesty of God. (_Vide_
Heb. V. 7).

It was thus that the heavenly Dew rested on the heavenly Flower.

O my JESUS, come and tarry no longer! I know that Thou hadst no need of
any of these gifts; they rested on Thee because Thou art my Model and
Thou wouldst show me how to use them.


It is the Tree of Jesse which stands as an ensign, about which Our Lord
says: "I am the Root and Stock of David" (Apoc. XXII. 16). He then is
the Standard-bearer and the Standard is His Cross. "Bearing His own
Cross He went forth" (St. John XIX. 17). He is the "_sign_ which shall
be contradicted" by His enemies (St. Luke II. 34), but when the sign of
the Son of Man shall appear in the Heavens (St. Matt. XXIV. 30) it will
bring joy and hope to the hearts of all those who love His Coming (2
Tim. IV. 8). "My beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out of thousands,"
or according to another translation: "My beloved is white and ruddy a
_Standard bearer_" (Cant. V. 10 A. V. Margin), chosen for His strength
as well as for His beauty. To Him shall the nations make supplication,
for He said: "I, if I be lifted up from the earth will draw all things
to Myself" (St. John XII. 32).

There are only two standards in the world--that of JESUS Christ and that
of the devil. Both leaders want me to enlist; both are trying to win me;
but by what different means! The devil strives to entrap me with the
silken threads of sin which seem so insignificant and harmless, but
which if I allow myself to be trapped by them, he will twine into a
thick rope and hold me fast; while JESUS draws me to Himself with the
cords of love. Both are infinitely more powerful than I am, and yet all
depends on _me_, that is, on my will. The cords of love are far
stronger than the cords of hate, so I need not be afraid of the devil's
capturing me against my will; but on the other hand JESUS will not draw
me with the cords of love against my will. "_If thou wilt_, ... come,"
is His method. There _are_ chains, there _is_ a cross, but all is love.
A little Child holds the Standard, a little Child leads, and all He asks
is that we should follow Him and do as He does.

Come, then, little JESUS, set up Thy Royal Standard, come, tarry no
longer. I am longing to show Thee that I am not going to be a soldier in
name only; longing to show Thee that I understand that a soldier who has
pledged himself to fight under Thy Standard must adopt Thy methods, that
if I would be a soldier on whom Thou canst count, I must be really
mortified, really poor, really ready to give up my own will and my own
methods, really anxious to have humiliations because I know that there
is no other way of attaining the beautiful virtue of humility. I am
longing to show Thee that I understand that those who march under Thy
Standard must be marked by the Cross. Oh! come, and set me free from all
that keeps me from offering myself whole-heartedly for Thy service. Come
and cut all the many little cords that still bind me to the service of
self. Thy Mother wants Thee, the Angels are longing to look upon Thy
Face, the world wants Thee though it knows it not, and I am longing to
want Thee too. Oh! teach me to want Thee more.

_Colloquy_ with the Branch and the Flower.

_Resolution._ To examine myself to-day as to my attachments.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "Come and set us free, tarry now no longer."


                                              December 20th.

     "O Key of David and Sceptre of the House of Israel! Who
     openest and no man shutteth; Who shuttest and no man openeth;
     come and bring forth from his prison-house the captive
     sitting in darkness and in the shadow of death."

  (Isaias XXII. 22, Apoc. III. 7, Gen. XLIX. 10, Heb. I. 8).

_1st. Prelude._ The little King with the Key and the Sceptre.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to respond to the Key and the Sceptre.


"I will lay the Key of the House of David upon His shoulder" (Is. XXII.
22). "To the Angel of the Church of Philadelphia write: These things
saith the Holy One and the True One, He that hath the Key of David, He
that openeth and no man shutteth, shutteth and no man openeth: I know
thy works. Behold I have given before thee a door opened which no man
can shut, because thou hast a little strength." (Apoc. III. 7-8).

The Babe unborn has already had the Key laid upon His Shoulder. He
already has authority. Soon, very soon now, He will come to use it. How
will He use this Key and what is it? It is the Key of authority but it
is also the Key of love. (1) He is coming to unlock the gates which hold
the human race fast in ignorance and sin, to be its Redeemer, to give it
"a door opened which no man can shut," to give it a chance if it will of
walking out of its prison-house into the liberty wherewith Christ alone
can make it free (Gal. IV. 31). (2) He is coming to put His golden Key
of love into the hearts of men, to open those doors which are shut
against Him and which none but He can open, for none but He can give
grace. Each little child whose heart is filled with grace at its Baptism
is only able to receive it because the little Child with the golden Key
has opened its heart. "Thou hast opened the Kingdom of Heaven to all
believers." Come, then, O Key of David, come and begin Thy blessed work
on earth. Thou hast already put Thy magic Key into the heart of St. John
the Baptist and doubtless of many another; come and tarry not, come and
found Thy Church and pass on the wondrous power of the keys to those
with whom Thou wilt leave Thy authority. (3) He is coming to open with
His Key of love His own most Sacred Heart. None but He can open that
vast treasure-house of love, and none but He can shut it. It will be
there for a refuge for all His children in all time--a standing memorial
of His love. What does He ask in return? Only that when we hear Him put
His golden Key into our hearts, there may be a response: "My Beloved put
His Hand through the key-hole and my heart was moved at His touch. I
arose up to open to my Beloved" (Cant. V. 4-5). The rising up to let Him
in is our part, He puts in His Key and unlocks, that is, He removes all
obstacles by His grace, but we must respond to that grace for though He
has unlocked the door He will not force an entrance. "Behold I stand at
the door and knock," and then He waits, waits for our correspondence and
for our love. "My son, give Me thy heart," He wants it, He has used His
Key of love to obtain it, but He will not take it, it must be a free
gift of love.

At the last great Advent the door of His mercy will be shut against all
those who have refused Him an entrance into their hearts, and when He
shuts, no man can open. "Lord, Lord, open to us," and the answer will
come through the eternally locked door: "I never knew you, depart from

Oh! come, Divine little One, come with Thy Key while yet there is time
and unlock the many hearts which still find no place for Thee, no time
to attend to Thee waiting so patiently, no desire to give Thee an
invitation this Christmas; and give them grace to respond.


The little One Who is to come not only has a Key on His Shoulder, but a
Sceptre in His Hand. The word used for Sceptre (_shebet_) in the Hebrew
has four distinct meanings and we can apply them all to our Lord and
Saviour, JESUS Christ. It is:

(1) a rod of _command_, a sign of _royalty_ (Esther IV. 11, Ps. XLIV.

(2) a rod of iron, a rod of _correction_ (Ps. II. 9, Prov. XXII. 15);

(3) the _shepherd's_ rod or wand (Lev. XXVII. 32);

(4) the _flail_ which separates the grain from the chaff (Is. XXVIII.

(1) _A sign of royalty._ He is my King--how much that says to me! He has
authority over me and a right to command me, a right to my service from
every point of view; but He will not exact it from me. He stretches out
His Sceptre of mercy in token of clemency. He wants my service, but He
wants it to be the outcome of my love and so He uses His Sceptre to
attract me. He brings Himself down to my level, He calls Himself my
Brother, my Friend. He tells me that if I will throw in my lot with Him
and do as He does, one day I shall share His Kingdom and reign with Him.
Such is my King and such is the meaning of His Sceptre. "Where is He
that is born King of the Jews?" Thou art as yet hidden, O my little
King, but Thou wilt be _born_ a king for "Thy throne, O God, is for ever
and ever, a sceptre of justice is the sceptre of Thy Kingdom" (Heb. I.
8). What is my response going to be to that Sceptre stretched out once
again? That of a loyal, whole-hearted, loving subject or that of one
who is still hesitating between the service of self and the service of
the King?

(2) _A rod of correction._ For His enemies it is a "rod of iron," but
for His children a rod of love, for what son is there whom the father
doth not correct? "Whom the Lord loveth He chastiseth; and He scourgeth
every son whom He receiveth. Persevere under discipline. God dealeth
with you as with His sons." (Heb. XII. 6-7). We are not to "faint" nor
"be weary" nor "neglect the discipline," not to be inclined to give all
up and choose an easier path; no, but to regard the discipline as a
"consolation," (verse 5) a proof of love, a sign that we are really the
children with whom He does what He likes, instructing us according to
His own pleasure (verse 10).

Oh! my little King, come with Thy rod of correction, come and make me a
saint and do not spare me in the making. He that spareth the rod
spoileth the child. I do not want to be a spoilt child, but a child on
whom Thou canst count, that is, a child to whom Thou canst say what Thou
wilt and whom Thou canst criticize as thou wilt, by the mouth of whom
Thou wilt, a child whom Thou dost not _consider_ because Thou art sure
of its love, sure, that is, that it loves Thee and Thy ways better than
self and its ways.

(3) _A shepherd's staff or crook._ As it had been prophesied of Him that
He should be a king, so it had also been prophesied that He should be a
shepherd: "I will save My flock ... and I will set up one Shepherd over
them and He shall feed them and He shall be their Shepherd" (Ezech.
XXXIV. 22, 23, and XXXVII. 24). "He shall feed His flock like a
shepherd, He shall gather together the lambs with His arms, and shall
take them up in His bosom, and He Himself shall carry them that are with
young" (Is. XL. 11). "I am the Good Shepherd;" even now while He is yet
in the womb of His Mother He is counting His sheep, calling them out,
knowing each one by name, thinking of the great fold which He is going
to make, of the one shepherd to whom He will entrust the great work of
feeding His sheep, of the "other sheep" whom He "must bring" into the
fold sooner or later. Even now He is planning to lay down His life for
His sheep "that they may have life and have it more abundantly."

(4) _The flail_ which separates the chaff from the good grain, the
_tribulum_ which causes "great _tribulation_" on earth's threshing
floor, but which is used only for the good of the grain and ensures its
being gathered into the heavenly garners. Oh! my little King, Who art
coming to bring peace make me understand that I shall never have peace
till I am fully persuaded that all my _tribulation_, all my troubles,
trials and afflictions are directly caused by Thee, that it is Thou
Thyself and no other Who dost use the threshing instruments to separate
me from all that is not pleasing to Thee.

Come then, and with Thy Key of love unlock the prison-house and bring
forth the captive sitting in darkness and then with Thy Sceptre rule
him, correct him, guide him and afflict him.

_Colloquy_ with Him Who has the Key and the Sceptre.

_Resolution._ To rise up and open to my Beloved.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ O Clavis David!


                         December 21st. Feast of St. Thomas.

     "O Orient! (Dawn of the East, Rising Sun. Dayspring)
     Splendour of the Light Eternal and Sun of Justice, come and
     enlighten them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of

                (Is. IX. 2, Zach. III. 8, VI. 12, Mal. IV 2,
                                            St. Luke I. 78).

_1st. Prelude._ "The light of the morning when the sun riseth" (2 Kings
XXIII. 4).

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to tread always the "Way of Peace."


"Behold I will bring my Servant the Orient." (Zach. III. 8). Now God has
kept His promise for Zachary has already sung: "The Orient from on high
has visited us." But where is He, this Servant of God Who has come to do
His Will, this Man Who is also God, this Splendour of the Light Eternal
and Sun of Justice? As yet He is hiding His light, but "fear not for on
the fifth day Our Lord will come unto you" (Antiphon of the _Benedictus_
for to-day). He will come and He will not tarry; but when He comes He
will still hide His light under the swaddling clothes and the
helplessness and dependence of a little babe. Why is this, O Orient?
Thou art the Light Eternal and the Sun of Justice and yet Thy rising
seems to make so little difference in the world. Hardly any know that
Thou hast risen. My child, it is true that I am the Light of the world,
true that I am the bright and morning Star, but the light can only reach
the world by faith. Those who have faith like Zachary and his wife and
infant son know that I have visited them, not because they have _seen_
me, but by faith. It is the same with my own sweet Mother: "Blessed art
thou that hast _believed_" (St. Luke I. 45). It will be the same when I
am born in a few days' time. Most will see nothing beyond a babe in
swaddling clothes, but to a chosen few who have the gift of faith the
Sun of Justice will have risen, the Star will have appeared, their cry
will be: "Behold a Man," even the Man-God, "the Orient is His name." It
will be the same all through My life on earth, only the few will
recognize the Light of the world; most will not come to Me, but will
prefer darkness rather than light. It will be the same with My
sacramental life in the Church. I shall be there, but only the eye of
faith will detect Me. The Sun of Justice has risen with health in His
Wings, but only very gradually will He make Himself felt in a world that
is sitting in darkness and in the shadow of death.

And why, O Orient, Splendour of the Light Eternal, why dost Thou not
cast Thy bright beams over the whole world at once that all may know and
recognize Thee as the Dayspring which has risen?

Because, My child, I love faith and it is by faith that I intend men to
know Me. I do enlighten "every man that cometh into this world" (St.
John I. 9), that is I give to each sufficient light to save his soul, to
one more, to another less, and I shall judge according to the light I
have given; but what I want from all is co-operation, I want their
faith, I want them to believe, not because they can see and understand,
but because by means of My grace in their hearts and especially by means
of the revelation given to My Church I enlighten their minds. Yes, the
Sun has risen with health in His Wings, and gradually He will increase
in strength till the "uttermost parts of the earth" respond to His
light. It is a work of time just as it is a work of time in each
individual soul. The soul does not see clearly as soon as the light
enters; there is a period when men seem like trees walking (St. Mark
VIII. 24); but if only it will respond and hold on by faith, the time
will come when it will see all things clearly.

O Orient, come and enlighten those that sit in darkness and in the
shadow of death with the light of faith. It is faith that is needed on
the earth, it is faith that is needed in each individual soul. It is
faith that I need, more faith, more confidence in Thy dealings. Many
shadows are still cast on my soul by sin--even a wilful imperfection
casts a shadow. Oh What need I have of Thee, O Orient from on high, to
come and visit me and chase away the shadows of the night! "Till the day
break and the shadows retire" (Cant. II. 17, IV. 6).


It is a coincidence, if not something more, that puts the antiphon _O
Oriens!_ on the same day as the Feast of St. Thomas. It was on account
of St. Thomas' _doubt_ that the great principle was given to the Church:
"Blessed are they that have not seen and yet have believed." It is on
account of St. Thomas' _faith_ that countless Indulgences are granted
every day to the faithful who make use of his words: "My Lord and my
God" when their sight shows them nothing but a little Host elevated by a
priest. It was St. Thomas' _zeal_ which made him go to the Indies and
proclaim that the Orient had visited His people and that God had become
incarnate for men. "Thou didst make all the Indies shine with much
light" (Hymn of the Greek Church to St. Thomas), and that light was the
light of faith in Him Whom they had not seen. It is St. Thomas who comes
to-day to revive our flagging faith, to introduce us to the Babe of
Bethlehem and tell us that He is indeed the Orient though He is hiding
His light, to warn us to give no heed to temptations against the faith,
to tell us that when we are contemplating the humility and nothingness
of our God and the temptation comes to us, as it did to him to say:
Unless I see for myself, "I will not believe," to remember the words of
the Master: "Blessed are they that have not seen and yet have believed."

O blessed Saint Thomas! who art now in the land of light and vision,
intercede for us that we may be as little children, believing all we are
told and quietly waiting till the day dawn and the Orient arises in all
His majesty and strength, _preparing_ as a giant to run His course, but
for the moment hiding everything under the form of a helpless babe. We
do not ask for sight but for the light which will lead us to Him, the
light of faith, so that when we see Him wrapped in swaddling clothes and
lying in a manger we may cry out with you: "My Lord and My God."


The Orient visited us not only "to enlighten them that sit in darkness
and in the shadow of death," but also "to direct our feet into the way
of peace" (St. Luke I. 79). And what is the way of peace but the way of
_faith_, which He is coming to light up? Nothing can bring peace to this
dark and sin-stricken world but faith. The Sun of Justice is rising with
health in His Wings and that health is faith. It is the remedy for all
ills. Men try every other remedy but they leave out God and His faith
and the result is that the world remains in chaos. The Light has risen,
the Orient has visited us, but men shut their eyes to the light and
prefer the darkness, because their deeds are evil.

The _Way of Peace_ is made by the Prince of Peace, it is the Highway to
the Heaven of Peace. Am I on it? Yes, for I am one of "the household of
faith" and can never thank Him sufficiently for having directed my feet
into the City of Peace. But this is not all. Many people, even those of
the "household of faith" have very little real peace in their lives.
They spend their time in complaints, regrets, criticisms, anxieties. Is
this what the King of Peace intends? Oh no! He is ever there waiting to
direct their feet towards the "green pastures" and "the still waters,"
but the Way of Peace is the way of faith, of trust and confidence. Until
I can really trust Him, the peaceful pastures can never be mine, I can
never lie down in them and rest. I am His sheep, but I do not wholly
trust my Shepherd. If I did, I should believe that whatever He chose and
arranged for me was the best; I could not _complain_ of what He had
planned for me, however hard it might be. I could not criticize His
arrangements and want to make my own. May my trust be so absolute this
Christmas that it is apparent to everyone that I possess the peace which
the Babe of Bethlehem comes to bring. O Orient come once more and
direct my feet into the way of peace.

_Colloquy_ with the Orient.

_Resolution._ "Although He should kill me, I will trust in Him." (Job.
XIII. 15).

_Spiritual Bouquet._ O Oriens!


                                              December 22nd.

     "O King of nations and their desired One and the Corner-stone
     that makest both one, come and save man whom Thou didst form
     out of slime!"

 (Gen. XLIX. 10, Agg. II. 8, Isaias XXVIII. 16, Gen. II. 7).

_1st. Prelude._ Mary and Joseph on the road to Bethlehem. "Behold thy
King will come to thee.... He is poor and riding upon an ass." (Zach.
IX. 9).

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to welcome my King.


King of nations He has always been, for He created them; in Him they
live and move and are. (Acts XVII. 2). He has been in His earth ever
since He created it, governing it, sustaining and preserving the life
which He gave, co-operating always with His creatures. We must not think
of Him as creating the world and then leaving it to do the best it could
till the time came for Him to be incarnate. That is a false idea. His
delights were _always_ to be with the children of men and though the
Orient did not begin to dawn till the time of the Incarnation, the Light
had been in the world all along; the Sun of Justice had existed from all
eternity. "He was in the world and the world was made by Him and the
world knew Him not." (St. John I. 10). But though it knew Him not, the
world had enough light to desire Him. Ever since God at the time of
man's fall had made His great promise concerning the Woman and her Seed,
He that was to come had been to the nations "their desired One." That
promise had been carefully cherished, handed on from father to son till
Moses came and recorded it in the book of Genesis; and though of
necessity one nation had to be selected to which the Woman and her Seed
were to belong, yet the promise was given to all nations and all claimed
their share in it. The chosen _nation_ through whom all the others were
to be blessed was Abraham's. Through him and his seed the great promise
was to be fulfilled (Gen. XII. 3). The _time_ was hinted at in the
patriarch Jacob's blessing to Juda: "The sceptre shall not be taken away
from Juda, nor a ruler from his thigh, till He come that is to be sent
and He shall be the expectation of nations" (Gen. XLIX. 10). The house
or _family_ which was to have the joy of realizing the promise was
David's; the _place_ where the Woman was to bring forth her Seed was
Bethlehem. Here "she that travaileth shall bring forth" and here "shall
He come ... that is to be the Ruler in Israel" (Mich. V. 2-3). Each
subsequent prophecy or promise developed and enlarged the original one
given in Eden, but in that one the nations had all that they needed upon
which to build up their hopes and nourish their desires--the Woman and
her Seed, the "Child with His Mother"--and though the promise _belonged_
to the chosen nation (Rom. IX. 4), the first great promise had been
handed down through the other nations and they knew enough to make them
_desire_, enough to find the Light if they sought it as did the Wise
Kings of the East.

O King of nations, as I look back through the ages and see the Child and
His Mother so clearly set forth in promise and prophecy, in type and
example, when I think of Thy plans for the redemption of the world, made
from all eternity and gradually unfolding as the fulness of time
approached, when I think of the nations all desiring Thy coming, when I
think of the intense desire of Thy loving Heart, there is one thing that
seems to jar and to be out of harmony with the rest, and that is the
lamentable want of desire in my own heart! The time is very short now,
the Child with His Mother are already on the way to Bethlehem. Oh! Let
me multiply my Acts of Desire that my little King when He comes may be
indeed _my_ "desired One" too. "I sat down under His shadow, Whom I
desired." (Cant. II. 3).


"Behold I will lay a stone in the foundations of Sion, a tried stone, a
corner-stone, a precious stone, founded in the foundations" (Isaias
XXVIII. 16), "the stone which the builders rejected" (Ps. CXVII. 22).

This is one of the promises confided to the chosen nation. Our Blessed
Lord claims it as applying to Himself (St. Matt. XXI. 42, St. Luke XX.
17), and St. Peter and St. Paul both speak of it as if it were well
known. (Acts IV. 11, 1 Peter II. 6-8, Rom. IX. 33, Eph. II. 20).

He is the Corner-stone Who is coming to make both one (Eph. II. 14),
both the Jews to whom belongs the promise (Rom. IX. 4) and the Gentiles
who are "co-partners of His promise" (Eph. III. 6). He is coming to
preach peace to them that are far off as well as to them that are nigh,
coming to make "the strangers and foreigners" feel that they are
"fellow-citizens with the saints and the domestics of God," coming to
weld all together into one great building of which He Himself is to be
the chief Corner-stone, binding together the two walls (Jews and
Gentiles), supporting each stone and keeping each in its place, a holy
temple in the Lord, "a habitation of God in the spirit." Such is the
picture St. Paul draws for us (Eph. II), and such is the picture which
the antiphon for to-day brings before our minds. "All one in Christ
JESUS." He is the King of all nations, the Desired of all nations, the
Corner-stone of the whole building; with Him there is neither Jew nor
Gentile (Gal. III. 28).

Let me tell Him even now before He comes how I long to share in the
great work so dear to His Sacred Heart, let me offer myself to
co-operate with Him in His designs for the human race which He loves so

Let me be ready to labour, to suffer, to pray, to spend and be spent, if
only I may thus bring Him a few stones for His Holy Temple. I was
"sometime afar off" but now have been "made nigh by the Blood of Christ"
(Eph. II. 13). "What shall I render?" (Ps. CXV. 12).


"Their desired One" Who has never been far from the hearts of His
children, knows the need of the nations. He Who formed man out of the
dust knows his need of a Saviour. What are the desires of the nations
compared with His desire? From all eternity He has desired the time to
come when by taking the nature of man He could fulfil their desires and
be to them both a King and a Saviour. Very soon now will the Angels be
telling the glad tidings to man: To you is born the Saviour. Very soon
will the heavenly choirs be singing the praises of the new-born King,
and the question will be asked even by distant nations: "Where is He
that is born King?"

Oh! come, little King, come and fulfil the desires of all hearts. Thou
hast given them and Thou also must satisfy them. Art Thou really the one
desire of my heart, around which all my hopes centre? If Thou wert not
there, I know that life would be nothing but a blank. Come and create a
greater desire than ever after the perfection Thou wouldst have, and
then show me how to follow after it. "In what place soever Thou shalt
be, my Lord King ... there will Thy servant be" (2 Kings XV. 21). To-day
then I will journey with Thy blessed Mother, for surely the closer I
keep to her, the greater must be my desires.

_Colloquy_ with "the desired One."

_Resolution._ Grace to desire Him more ardently.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ O Rex Gentium!


                                              December 23rd.

     "O Emmanuel, our King and Lawgiver, the Expectation and
     Saviour of the nations! Come and save us, O Lord our God."

        (Is. VII. 14, VIII. 8, XXXIII. 22, St. Jas. IV. 12).

_1st. Prelude._ Mary and Joseph in the temple at Jerusalem.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to worship with them.


On the way from Nazareth to Bethlehem lies Jerusalem and we may be quite
sure that a happy event for Mary and Joseph on this long and tiring
journey now nearing its end would be their visit to the Temple, near
which Mary, and probably Joseph too, had spent most of her life. We may
think, then, of Mary to-day taking her Son into His own Temple. We may
think of the joy of the Angels as they lifted high the gates to let the
hidden King come in. In the Holy of Holies of Solomon's Temple was the
Ark of the Covenant, inside which were the Tables of God's law and upon
which was manifested the presence of the All-Holy. But here kneeling in
the Temple, in the women's court afar off, was the real Ark of the
Covenant of which the other was only a type, hiding within her chaste
womb the new Lawgiver Whose Presence was known only to the Angels who
were worshipping round His Shrine, and to Mary and Joseph the only
earthly worshippers in the Temple that day who understood.

Here was the Virgin with her Son, the prophecy was fulfilled--God with
us. "His name shall be called _Emmanuel_."

Yet Mary and Joseph were not the only worshippers in the Temple that
day--there was a Human Soul worshipping God as He had never been
worshipped before. The Heart of Jesus now so near the end of the first
stage of Its existence on earth was offering to God all Its homage and
all Its love, offering to Him all the work that had been done during the
nine months passed in the holy "Ark of the Covenant," all the
humiliation and self-abasement, the silence and dependence, the
suffering and patience, the satisfaction and merit. He had been doing
all the time the things that pleased His Father, the things that He had
made Himself man to be able to do. Now He is waiting--and the very
waiting is another Act of worship--waiting for the moment to come when
He can take the next step in His earthly journey, waiting with His
Mother whose intense desire is only second to His Own.

O Emmanuel! God with us! I feel that I must go too to Thy Sacred Courts
to-day and make one more worshipper before that Holy Shrine. Advent is
nearly over, my time of preparation is well-nigh at an end. What have I
to offer as I kneel in adoration? Feeble desires, broken resolutions,
failure again in the thing I did so want not to fail in this Advent,
good intentions, but little else. Dare I come and kneel there where all
is so holy and so perfect? Yes, for He is _Emmanuel_, God incarnate for
me. Let me hand Him through His Mother all my poverty and wretchedness
and weakness and failure, together with my contrition and repentance
and love, and in exchange He will hand me His forgiveness and the
promise to offer my inadequate worship, together with His own Divine
perfections, to His Father, Who will be satisfied. This is what
_Emmanuel_ means.


"The Lord is our Judge, the Lord is our Lawgiver, the Lord is our King
He will save us." (Is. XXXIII. 22).

He is our King, therefore He has a right to make laws for us. And who
could be a better Judge of how the laws are kept than He Who made them?
Am I afraid at the sterner aspect which things seem to have taken? There
is no need, for He is still our _Emmanuel_, but He can only be thus our
Friend and Companion by being also the One Who has an absolute right to
make laws for us and to expect our obedience. "You are My _friends_, if
you do the things I command you" (St. John XV. 14). The reason for _all_
His titles is that He wills to _save_ us. He is first of all the Saviour
and then, in order that our salvation may be accomplished, He makes
Himself our King, our Lawgiver and finally our Judge. "If you love Me,
keep My commandments." Such is our Lawgiver's appeal. Surely His
commandments are not grievous. He Who did always the things which
pleased His Father, asks us to try to do the same.

O my little Lawgiver, accomplishing so silently and so perfectly the
Will of Thy Father, command me and I will obey, give Thy orders through
whom Thou wilt; be they hard or easy, be they in accordance with my will
or contrary to my whole nature! I will think of Thy perfect submission
to Thy Father's Will during those nine months for me and will say: I,
too, will do always the things which please Him no matter what they


JESUS is waiting, Mary is waiting, the Angels are waiting, all nations,
all the earth, and Heaven too is waiting--waiting for our Emmanuel to
come and save us. The empty manger speaks of the Church's expectation
to-day. We can count the hours now, all things are ready. Oh! come and
save us! Come and begin Thy blessed work over again, come and save the
many who as yet know Thee not and who are expecting everything this
Christmas _except_ a Saviour. May the sight of the empty crib remind me
to look well into my preparations to-day to see that nothing is wanting
in the welcome I am going to give to the King!

_Colloquy_ with our Emmanuel. At the Incarnation, at Thy birth, all
through Thy life, Thou didst dwell _with us_; on every altar Thou hast
promised to be _with us_ all days; in Holy Communion Thou hast said I
will dwell _with them_; in the hour of death I will fear no evil for
Thou wilt be _with me_; and Thou hast secured Heaven for me by Thy
prayer: "Father, I will that those whom Thou hast given Me be _with Me_
where I am." "Emmanuel, _God with us_."

_Resolution._ Grace to expect Him to-day in all that I do.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ O Emmanuel!


     "This day you shall know that the Lord will come and save us:
     and in the morning you shall see His glory."

                     (Ex. XVI. "Introit" for Christmas Eve).

_1st. Prelude._ The stable and the manger waiting for JESUS.

_2nd. Prelude._ Grace to make my final preparations.


To-day Mary and Joseph arrive at their journey's end. We think of them
footsore, weary, homeless; we think of the discouragement and rebuffs
that they meet with as they hear on all sides that there is no room for
them; but do we think enough of the intense joy that reigned in Mary's
heart, a joy communicated to her by her Son? He is rejoicing that His
hour is come; the very refusals of His people to receive Him and His
Mother are to Him a sign that His work has begun and is already being
opposed. Mary shares His joy; she is absorbed by one thought--soon she
will look upon His Face--and that thought is so great that there is
scarcely room for any other in her heart. And Joseph? Can we imagine him
anxious and disturbed and worried? No, it is impossible--he is with
JESUS and Mary, he has lived his life close to them for nine months, he
has imbibed their spirit. If his joy is not as intense as theirs, his
_peace_ is unruffled; he has brought the Mother with her Child to
Bethlehem as he was told to do, and he knows that God will take care of
His own.

My first lessons, then, for to-day are apparent. In the morning I shall
see His glory; the point of Advent is reached, my preparation is nearly
over. I was told to get ready for Him, I was told to come to Bethlehem,
I have been trying to do so, trying to keep up with Mary and Joseph on
their journey; often, I am obliged to admit it, it has been a following
afar off, but still by God's grace, I _am_ following and I know that
to-day He is coming to save us and that to-morrow I shall see His glory
for He will come to me in Holy Communion. He will be born again in my
heart and make me understand once more that He is incarnate for me. Are
my joy and my peace so great that nothing has the power to touch them?
There are many occupations that must of necessity claim my time and my
attention to-day, as there were many coming and going on the roads that
led to Bethlehem; there are many things to be thought about in my last
preparations for Christmas--it was so with Mary and Joseph too. Almost
certainly I shall have to-day, as they had, things that try and weary
me, perhaps suffering, temptation, slights and even insults. Shall I
receive them as last and most precious opportunities for adding the
finishing touches to my preparation, for gaining a victory where I have
perhaps so recently lost one, for making reparation to my King and for
uniting myself more closely to Him and His Mother? Will the thought that
He is coming be so absorbing that the difficulties of the way are hardly
noticed or are welcome as a reminder that I too am journeying to
Bethlehem? If I cannot aspire to the joy of JESUS and Mary, I can at
least aim at the peace of St. Joseph.


_His_ preparation is coming to an end too. Let me go over in my mind
once again all that He had to plan and to do by way of preparation
before He could come to me in Holy Communion. It was for this that the
Incarnation was a preparation. In order to feed me with His Flesh and
Blood, He had to become incarnate. This is the point of Christmas, and
it is the point of contact between JESUS and my soul. To-morrow Mary in
an ecstasy of joy will look upon His Face and press Him to her heart;
to-morrow Joseph, full of awe and wonder, will take Him in his arms;
to-morrow the Angels will sing their _Glorias_ as they gaze upon their
God incarnate; to-morrow the shepherds will adore and offer Him their
gifts; and to-morrow I too shall touch Him very closely for I shall
receive into my body and into my heart His Body and Blood, His Soul and
His Divinity. He will be with me and I with Him. It is for this that I
have been making my preparations and it is for this that He has been
making His. How long has He been preparing? Not only during Advent, not
only during the nine months, not only since the great promise was given
in Eden, not only since the time when there was war among the Angels
because of the Incarnation--I am getting beyond time already and farther
back than that I cannot go for my mind is finite; but His is infinite
and just because it is infinite there never was a time when the
Incarnation was not in His mind, and there never was a time when I, His
child, was not in His mind, and also there never was a time when He did
not see the blest moments when He should bring the two into contact and
make me understand personally what the point of the Incarnation is.
These blest moments are my Communions and surely one of the most blest
must be my Christmas Communion when He Who comes to me and Who feeds me
with Himself is the Child Who was born at Bethlehem, He Who had been so
long expected, the Seed of the Woman, the Orient from on high, the Star
of the East, the Desired One of the nations, the Root of Jesse, the King
of the Gentiles with His Key and His Sceptre, Emmanuel, God with us.

_Colloquy._ I kneel at the door of the empty stable and offer Thee my
heart, O my little JESUS! I have tried to make room for Thee; I have
made my poor little preparations with Thy blessed Mother; I have taken
long journeys to get to Thee; but my body is not fit to be Thy temple
and my heart is treacherous and faithless. I am ashamed to have so poor
a shelter to offer Thee. If it were not that Thou didst ask for it, I
dare not offer it. Oh! Thou Who didst not refuse the manger-bed, come to
my heart, look at the contrition and the humiliation and the reparation
and the aching longing to be what Thou dost want, and forget the
faithlessness and the failures and the weakness. Come, my little King,
incarnate for me, come and save me, if I were not a sinner I should not
need a Saviour.

_Resolution._ To keep very near to Mary and Joseph to-day.

_Spiritual Bouquet._ "In the morning you shall see His glory."

       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *

Transcriber's Notes:

Obvious spelling and punctuation errors were repaired, but unusual
period spellings and grammatical usages were retained.

Headings and scripture references were inconsistently formatted and have
been standardized, but variations in book titles and abbreviations were

Where punctuation in contents page entries and chapter headings in
original did not agree, the contents page entries were corrected.

He, Him, His, etc. when referring to "Jesus" and "God" are capitalized
throughout the original, and "Jesus" placed in small caps. The few
exceptions have been changed to conform to the majority.

Contents page--ditto marks were used in the original. The marks were
replaced by actual repeated words as follows: chapters 8-11, St. John
the Baptist; chapters 16-20, The Interior Life; chapters 22-24 and
26-28, December. Also, under Prayers, "Sancta Dei Genitrix," for each
line after the first, "ora pro nobis" replaces ditto marks.

P. 5: "few streaks of Thy Divine Light"--original shows "Th Divine
Light" with a gap after "Th."

P. 20: "(3) The Sentences." The original labels the subheadings within
(3) as (1) and (2). This format was retained. Also "There are only two,"
original shows "The are only two."

P. 61: "come to do Thy Will," original reads "come do Thy Will."

P. 64-65: "example which you set. Teach me, too;" original reads
"example which you set [page break] teach me, too."

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translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.