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Title: The American Missionary — Volume 33, No. 02, February, 1879
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The American Missionary — Volume 33, No. 02, February, 1879" ***

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by Cornell University Digital Collections)

  VOL. XXXIII.                                                   No. 2.


                      AMERICAN MISSIONARY.

              "To the Poor the Gospel is Preached."

                         FEBRUARY 1879.



  PARAGRAPHS                                                       33

  OUR CONCERT OF PRAYER                                            34

  THE MISSIONS IN CENTRAL AFRICA                                   35

    E. H. Merrill, D.D.                                            37

  PURITANISM AND THE DESPISED RACES: Rev. C. M. Southgate          39


  ITEMS FROM THE FIELD                                             42

  GENERAL NOTES                                                    43

                        NEW APPOINTMENTS.

  THE SOUTHERN FIELD                                               45

    AFRICA                                                         49

                          THE FREEDMEN.

  NORTH CAROLINA--A Working Church--Bible Christians               50

  GEORGIA--A New Conference Organized                              50

  "There is Life in the Old Land Yet."                             51

  Home Life Among the Negroes--An Incident                         52

  ALABAMA--Testimony as to Progress Already
    Made--The Situation and Equipment                              52

  TENNESSEE--Le Moyne Library--Sunday-school Work--Generous
    Giving--Not Dying Out--Help Wanted                             53

  Freedom's Day                                                    54

  CHILDREN'S PAGE                                                  56

  RECEIPTS                                                         57

  WORK, STATISTICS, WANTS, ETC.                                    62

       *       *       *       *       *

                            NEW YORK:

       _Published by the American Missionary Association_,

                     ROOMS, 56 READE STREET.

               Price, 50 Cents a Year, in advance.

       *       *       *       *       *

               _American Missionary Association_,

                     56 READE STREET, N. Y.

       *       *       *       *       *


HON. E. S. TOBEY, Boston.


    Hon. F. D. PARISH, Ohio.
    Hon. E. D. HOLTON, Wis.
    Rev. SAMUEL HARRIS, D.D., Ct.
    WM. C. CHAPIN, Esq., R. I.
    Rev. W. T. EUSTIS, D.D., Mass.
    Hon. A. C. BARSTOW, R. I.
    Rev. RAY PALMER, D.D., N. Y.
    Rev. J. M. STURTEVANT, D.D., Ill.
    Rev. W. W. PATTON, D.D., D. C.
    HORACE HALLOCK, Esq., Mich.
    Rev. CYRUS W. WALLACE, D.D., N. H.
    Rev. EDWARD HAWES, Ct.
    DOUGLAS PUTNAM, Esq., Ohio.
    SAMUEL D. PORTER, Esq., N. Y.
    Rev. M. M. G. DANA, D.D., Minn.
    Rev. H. W. BEECHER, N. Y.
    Gen. O. O. HOWARD, Oregon.
    Rev. G. F. MAGOUN, D.D., Iowa.
    Col. C. G. HAMMOND, Ill.
    DAVID RIPLEY, Esq., N. J.
    WM. M. BARBOUR, D.D., Ct.
    Rev. W. L. GAGE, Ct.
    A. S. HATCH, Esq., N. Y.
    Rev. J. H. FAIRCHILD, D.D., Ohio
    Rev. H. A. STIMSON, Minn.
    Rev. J. W. STRONG, D.D., Minn.
    Rev. GEORGE THACHER, LL.D., Iowa.
    Rev. A. L. STONE, D.D., California.
    Rev. G. H. ATKINSON, D.D., Oregon.
    Rev. J. E. RANKIN, D.D., D. C.
    Rev. A. L. CHAPIN, D.D., Wis.
    S. D. SMITH, Esq., Mass.
    PETER SMITH, Esq., Mass.
    Dea. JOHN C. WHITIN, Mass.
    Rev. WM. PATTON, D.D., Ct.
    Hon. J. B. GRINNELL, Iowa.
    Rev. WM. T. CARR, Ct.
    Sir PETER COATS, Scotland.
    Rev. HENRY ALLON, D.D., London, Eng.
    WM. E. WHITING, Esq., N. Y.
    J. M. PINKERTON, Esq., Mass.
    Rev. F. A. NOBLE, D.D., Ct.
    DANIEL HAND, Esq., Ct.
    A. L. WILLISTON, Esq., Mass.
    Rev. A. F. BEARD, D.D., N. Y.


    REV. M. E. STRIEBY, D.D., _56 Reade Street, N. Y._


    REV. C. L. WOODWORTH, _Boston_.
    REV. G. D. PIKE, _New York_.
    REV. JAS. POWELL, _Chicago_.

    EDGAR KETCHUM, ESQ., _Treasurer, N. Y._
    H. W. HUBBARD, ESQ., _Assistant Treasurer, N. Y._
    REV. M. E. STRIEBY, _Recording Secretary._


    A. S. BARNES,
    WM. B. BROWN,
    A. P. FOSTER,
    E. A. GRAVES,
    S. S. JOCELYN,
    CHAS. L. MEAD,
    G. B. WILLCOX.


relating to the business of the Association may be addressed to
either of the Secretaries as above; letters for the Editor of the
"American Missionary" to Rev. Geo. M. Boynton, at the New York


may be sent to H. W. Hubbard, 56 Reade Street, New York, or,
when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21
Congregational House, Boston, Mass., 112 West Washington Street,
Chicago, Ill. Drafts or checks sent to Mr. Hubbard should be made
payable to his order as _Assistant Treasurer_.

A payment of thirty dollars at one time constitutes a Life Member.

Correspondents are specially requested to place at the head of
each letter the name of their Post Office, and the County and
State in which it is located.

       *       *       *       *       *



       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *

_American Missionary Association._

       *       *       *       *       *

We are happy to greet our elder sister, _The Missionary Herald_,
or perhaps we should name a more venerable relative yet, as in
the seventy-fifth year of its age it renews its youth. Always
valuable, it promises in future to be more full of information as
to the work of the American Board, and more comprehensive in its
view of the missionary work at large, while it enlivens its pages
with illustrations and adds a bright department for the young
folks. We welcome our brother Strong to the editorial chair, and
the _Herald_ to its future, and we trust ever-increasing, career
of usefulness.

       *       *       *       *       *

A new Sunday School Jubilee Concert Exercise, relating to the
work of the American Missionary Association, has been prepared
by the Rev. G. D. Pike, upon the basis of one arranged by Rev.
A. E. Winship, of Massachusetts. This is brought down to date as
to its facts and figures, and will be accompanied by a brief for
the use of those who are to lead and to make addresses, giving
facts in greater detail, and incidents as material with which to
make the meetings of deeper interest. The paper includes Jubilee
Songs and statements in regard to the work for the meetings.
Any Sabbath-school wishing a supply of this exercise will be
furnished gratuitously with the number required, by applying to
Rev. G. D. Pike, at the New York office, 56 Reade Street.

       *       *       *       *       *

The _Christian At Work_ concludes a long and appreciative notice
of Dr. Strieby's recently published address upon the "Work of
Half a Generation," with the following paragraph:

The impetus which has been given to educational efforts in the
Southern States owes its existence to the work of the American
Missionary Association and kindred societies. They scattered
through the South an army of enthusiastic practical educators,
who, at all principal points, established schools. The work of
these societies is laying broad and deep the foundations for the
real elevation of the Freedmen. They lay them in the Christian
character of their schools; in the higher education they furnish,
which the States do not give, and in the well-trained army of
teachers they prepare for the Freedmen, thus supplying one of the
most urgent wants recognized by both whites and blacks alike. If
there were no other results from the labors of these societies,
the teachers they have trained, and who are now instructing more
than two hundred thousand pupils, would fully vindicate their
claim to the confidence and gratitude of both the North and South.

       *       *       *       *       *


It has been our custom for many years to appoint a day and hour
in which all who are engaged in the work of the Association might
unite in earnest prayer to God for His blessing upon one another
and upon the common interests. The notification has been sent to
all the workers in the various fields in the South. It has been
frequently the case that the time selected has been during the
progress of the annual meeting, so that the assembled friends of
the Association have united with the officers, missionaries and
teachers in this "sweet hour of prayer."

This year, however, our schools were so much delayed in their
opening, and our workers from returning to the South, by the
yellow fever, that this concert of prayer could not be held
before the beginning of the new year. On Monday of the week of
prayer an hour was fixed at which the executive committee and
officers in New York, the teachers and pupils in the various
schools, the pastors and the people of their charge, might all
assemble, each in the midst of their own responsibilities, and
pray for a blessing on the work begun and to be prosecuted
through the year. It was pleasant to feel that we were mingling
the incense of our petition and praise with the great cloud which
was ascending from all parts of Protestant Christendom during
this week of prayer.

We came from this still hour, in the midst of the busy, bustling
city, realizing more than we are wont, that after all it is not
the drive and tear of eager human life on which we depend for
success, but the loving heart of God, which moves with unseen arm
the doors of opportunity which swing on noiseless hinges at His
touch; that it is He alone who gives the wisdom to direct and
the strength to achieve; that He turns the hearts of men as the
rivers of water are turned.

We have been accustomed to make our pleas for help to those whom
we believed the Lord's heart had touched, that there might not
fail us a supply of men and means; and our requests have not
been in vain, but have been answered with generous liberality.
But, brethren, when we have come to you to ask your help, we
have followed the example of the good governor of Jerusalem,
and have first prayed to the God of heaven; and when you have
responded, we have recognized, as he did, that you have "granted
us according to the good hand of our God upon us." Perplexing
questions come up from week to week for settlement and wise
decision. Thank God we may go to Him and plead His promise to
give us light on the way.

With all our need of men and means to carry on the work which the
Lord has entrusted to this agency, we recognize still more our
constant need of that Divine help which alone can never fail us.
Dear fellow-workers in this special field, let the spirit and the
practice of this week of prayer go with us through the year. Let
those who manage, those who do the detail work, and those who
furnish the supplies, all pray for themselves, each other and
the work. We shall work better if we pray. We shall give more
graciously as well as generously if we pray. We shall pray such
prayers as God most willingly will hear and answer, if we give
and work for the things for which we ask.

Our dependence for the year to come may well be expressed in the
words of the good man, to whom we have referred already, "The God
of heaven He will prosper us; therefore, we His servants will
arise and build."

       *       *       *       *       *


When Livingstone entered upon his life work in Africa, not quite
forty years ago, Kuruman was the farthest inland station; since
then great things have been done for Africa. Dividing that part
of Africa which lies south of the equator into three equal parts
of twelve degrees each, we find that Kuruman falls within the
southernmost division, or South Africa. In the second division,
or South-Central Africa, lie Lake Ngami and most of Lake Nyassa,
both of which were discovered by Dr. Livingstone. In the third
division, Central Africa, extending from 9 degrees to 3 degrees
south latitude, lies Lake Tanganyika, discovered by Burton and
Speke in 1858. To the north of Tanganyika are several lakes, the
largest of which is the Victoria Nyanza. The Victoria Nyanza was
discovered by Speke in 1858, and circumnavigated by Stanley in
1875. It lies between the 32d and 35th parallels of longitude
from Greenwich, and extends from 2½ degrees south latitude
to the north of the equator by the fraction of a degree. Its
superficial area is 21,500 square miles, being nearly as large
as Lake Michigan, and 100 fathoms will not measure its deepest
waters. The lake is in a direct line about 520 miles from the
east coast, and about 1,600 miles from the west coast. Ujiji,
on the eastern shore of Tanganyika, is 625 miles from the east
coast, in a direct line.

These great lakes, Nyassa, Tanganyika and Nyanza, afford
excellent facilities for missionary operations. They make the
torrid heat of the equatorial sun tolerable; they cause rains
which produce a luxuriant vegetation; and their broad, deep
waters enable the missionaries to travel swiftly from point to
point by steamer, bringing them within easy communication with
various and distant tribes.

The first of these great inland missions was established by the
Free Church of Scotland. The discoveries of Livingstone had drawn
the attention of the Church to interior Africa as early as 1861,
and some correspondence was had with the great traveller, who
recommended the shores of Lake Nyassa as affording an excellent
site for a new mission. It was not until 1875, however, when
Livingstone's "Last Journals" had been published, and had
created a great enthusiasm for the redemption of Africa, that
the Free Church definitely decided to undertake the enterprise.
The money asked for, $50,000, was soon raised. The pioneer
party left Scotland early in the Spring of 1875, and arrived at
its destination in the following October. The route was up the
Zambesi River to the Murchison Cataracts, the steamer and goods
being carried around the cataracts by 800 porters, and launched
again in the Shiré River, reaching the lake in two days from
the cataracts. The whole distance is about 400 miles. Later in
the year the second party, under Dr. Stewart, the head of the
mission, started for the lake. The site of the mission station,
Livingstonia, was chosen on Cape Maclear, at the southern end of
the lake. Buildings were put up at once, and attempts made to
secure the friendship of the natives, few of whom manifested any
hostility. Trips were made to the northern and western shores
of the lake, and no opposition was encountered anywhere. The
missionaries say no real obstacle to the success of the mission
presents itself. It has been found, however, that Livingstonia
will have to be abandoned. It has a good harbor, but the soil is
poor and the land lies low, and is too circumscribed to sustain
a large population. Besides, the tsetse fly, that destroyer
of cattle, has appeared. A new site is to be chosen, and an
expedition is searching for one on the west coast, about 145
miles north of Livingstonia, among a people of Zulu origin,
called the Maviti. The Maviti inhabit a high table land, and are
quite numerous.

Of course, but little actual mission work has been performed thus
far. The mission has no permanent home, and time is required
for preparation. Sunday services have been held from the first,
and a school with a fair attendance is carried on. A great deal
has been accomplished, however, in suppressing the slave trade.
Formerly thousands of slaves were sent across the lake from
Jumbe's, who is a Mohammedan, but the Arab traders have now left
the lake and gone inland to carry on their nefarious business.
Two members of the mission, Dr. Laws and Capt. Elton, have died,
and all have had the fever.

A short distance to the south of Livingstonia, and closely
connected with it, is Blantyre, the mission of the church of
Scotland. It has a very favorable location in the Shiré hills.
It is high, cool, well wooded, a stream is near, it has good
soil, and an iron mine. Until last year the evangelistic work was
performed by a missionary from Livingstonia, but now an ordained
missionary is in charge. The gardeners have a large tract under
cultivation, and Blantyre is evidently to become the centre of
a large population. The natives are gathering around it, they
are very friendly, and they are giving more attention to the
cultivation of the soil. The school has many promising scholars.

The second mission established in Central Africa was that of
the Church Missionary Society on the Victoria Nyanza. November
15, 1875, a London paper printed a letter from Stanley calling
for Christian missionaries to enter Mtesa's country, Uganda.
Three days later the Church Missionary Society received a letter
from "An Unprofitable Servant," offering $25,000 for such a
mission. Shortly afterward another anonymous contribution of the
same amount was received, the society having meanwhile decided
to undertake the mission. The mission party left the coast at
Bagamoyo, in 1876, in four divisions: the first on July 14,
the second on July 29, the third on the last of August, and
the fourth on September 14. After crossing the Wami River, the
expedition took the route of Mr. Roger Price, of the London
Missionary Society, to Mpwapwa. From Mpwapwa the route was west
and north to Unyanyembe; thence north to Kagei, at the southern
end of the lake, the advance party reaching that point in
January, 1877, the journey of 800 miles being performed in about
six months, without serious mishap. One of the party, Dr. Smith,
died on the way of fever. The provisions were stored at Kagei,
but Ukerewe Island, in the southern part of the lake, was made
the basis of operations.

Lieutenant Smith and the Rev. C. T. Wilson proceeded to the
northern shore of the lake, entering Rubaga, the capital of
Mtesa's kingdom Uganda, on June 30. They were received with great
favor by Mtesa, who is the ruler of a powerful people. Lieutenant
Smith remained with Mr. Wilson a month, and then returned to
Ukerewe to assist Mr. O'Neill in preparing for removal. Mr.
Wilson was well provided for at first by Mtesa, and had a
house near the palace, but the chiefs and the Arabs used their
influence against the missionary, and the supplies of food grew
smaller and less frequent, and at last Mr. Wilson was informed
that he must remove farther from the palace. He had, however,
free access to the king and held divine services every Sunday in
the palace, the king himself often taking part in them.

Several of the Uganda boys were gathered into a school, and were
found to be bright and quick to learn. Late in December, Mr.
Wilson had news of a disaster on the lake, and hastened south to
find that Lieutenant Smith and Mr. O'Neill had been murdered by
Lukongeh's people in a dispute raised by an Arab trader about a
dhow. Finding that the stores at Kagei were almost exhausted,
Mr. Wilson went on to Unyanyembe, whence he returned to Uganda,
arriving at Rubaga March 26, 1878. The last letters received
from him by way of the Nile speak hopefully of the future. The
caravan, with the bulk of the goods, has made very slow progress.
Porters by the thousand were required to convey them, and porters
in Africa are arrant villains. At the latest accounts the caravan
was still some distance from the lake. A reinforcement for Uganda
was sent out at the beginning of 1878, of three young students of
the Church Missionary College, and a medical missionary, by way
of the Nile. The latest news from them stated that they reached
Berber in July. One of their number had been sun-struck and was
compelled to return. Thus far $65,000 has been received for the
Nyanza mission; also a large part of a fund of $50,000 asked for
by the society last April for the support of it.

The liberal donor who gave $25,000 for the Nyanza Mission offered
the London Missionary Society the same sum for a mission on Lake
Tanganyika. March 15, 1876, the Society resolved to undertake
the mission. The Rev. Roger Price, who was commissioned to
ascertain what was the best route to the interior, found that by
starting from Saadani, wagons could be used as far as Mpwapwa,
and that the costly and vexatious system of porterage could thus
be avoided so far. Four ordained missionaries, one scientific
man, and one builder, left London in March, 1877, as the first
contingent of the expedition. At Saadani they divided, four
starting July 25, and the rest with the caravan in October. In
March the expedition reached Kirasa, forty-five miles east of
Mpwapwa, where they left the wagons and employed porters. They
reached their destination August 23, having been thirteen months
on the journey from the coast, in consequence of unexpected
obstacles and vexatious delays. The letters announcing the
arrival were only forty-five days on the route to the coast, and
only thirty-three thence to London. A high and healthy camping
place was chosen near Ujiji. The caravan has not yet reached the

The history of these missions is yet to be made. None of them
can be said to be fully established yet. Buildings are to be
erected, languages are to be learned, the country is to be
explored, and the ways of the people are to be studied, before
much can be done in declaring the Gospel. The missions are well
situated. The country around them is thickly peopled, and great
opportunities are opening to them. Much good has already been
done in checking the slave trade, in opening lines of legitimate
commercial traffic, and in inducing the natives to cultivate the
soil. Other missions will be established in due time. The English
Baptists are prospecting for a new mission up the Congo, and Lake
Bangweolo, west of Lake Nyassa, and south of Lake Tanganyika,
called by Livingstone a paradise, will become the centre of
another great mission. Thus from the South, the East and the
West, Christian missions are approaching the heart of Africa.
Before many years we may hope to see a chain of stations across
the continent, and another from Lake Ngami to the equator. The
tribes touch each other like drops of water, and when one of them
is moved by the Gospel, those which surround it will be agitated.
Thus will Christianity take possession of Africa.

       *       *       *       *       *


Address at the Annual Meeting.


I wish simply to emphasize a single thought, viz., that these
institutions of higher learning have their chief use as being
aids to direct force. When you have mentioned what these higher
institutions have done for individuals--when you have followed
the individuals to their work in their various fields, you have
only begun to tell the story of their importance. If you go up
into Wisconsin, along the lower Fox river, you will see one of
the finest water-powers in the world. It is often called the
Merrimac of the West. I don't know how long that water-power has
been there unappropriated. It was there when the Mound builder
was there. God proffered it to him with all its resources, and
asked him to improve it; but failing to regard the heavenly
admonition, he passed away, leaving but few traces behind; only
a few rude instruments and pieces of pottery. All other marks
of him are gone. After him came the Indian. He also has passed,
to all intents and purposes. Then came the Anglo-Saxon in blood
and the Puritan in civilization and culture, and applying his
inventive ingenuity to the banks of this river, he set the
water-wheel, and the wheel has converted the power of the river
into product, and the product has turned into property, and the
property into intelligence, and the intelligence under this same
productive ingenuity of the Puritan has turned into morality, and
that into religion. So we have this great native force, directed
to the account of the kingdom of God, transmuted into higher
forces for His glory.

Now, my friends, the higher institutions of learning in the
midst of these great original forces all about us in the new
communities are that product of inventive ingenuity which turns
these forces to account, giving them direction and transmuting
them from the lower to the higher. The local church cannot do it.
Individual labor cannot do it. The institution of higher learning
is the only thing that can accomplish it. More than this, not
only does this higher institution planted in new fields turn to
account the force which already existed, but it has the power of
enlarging this force and creating new forces, and after creating,
transmuting them and turning them to the account of the kingdom
of God. The institutions of this Association in the South not
only create an enthusiasm and desire for learning, but they are
turning the money acquired and the material prosperity attained
by our colored brethren into those higher influences which effect
the upbuilding of the kingdom of God. That is what these colleges
are for.

It is impossible now to amplify the thought, but I wish in
connection with it to name three particulars. And first, it is
entirely possible for us, in heeding the Scripture admonition
to preach the gospel to every creature, to neglect those great
and overwhelming forces in new communities which are sweeping
the youth away. I read in a Providence paper last Saturday
evening that there are no infidel books published in the Welsh
language. I know those Welsh people well. This statement may be
true; but meanwhile, forces outside of them which they cannot
control are threatening to sweep their youth away into the gulf
of materialism and atheism in the new communities. The children
speak English, and are thus led into the outside drift.

The second point is this: It is wise to put our directive
force where the power is. It is utterly impossible to build
institutions in the State of Massachusetts or in New England that
will answer the purpose for the South. The children of this world
build their water-wheel where their water-power is. The children
of light sometimes build their water-wheel where the power is
not, or where it has already been appropriated. We must put
healthy, strong institutions into the South. They are worth even
more than the local churches we are planting. They stand in need
of support. The local churches give them character.

Third, I think we have need of a larger Christian sagacity in
the distribution of funds for this purpose. In my appeals for
educational work, no one has heard me say I would have less money
given for older institutions, I believe there can be a wiser
distribution of money with reference to the kingdom of God. Any
one looking upon this field will tell you that one dollar put
into an institution of learning in the Southern field--conditions
being as they are, these forces being yet undirected--one dollar
in one of these institutions will often accomplish more than
one hundred in an old one. I have told people frequently--and
I believe those who have studied this problem will assent to
it--that one dollar for a Christian college in the Western
field, will accomplish more than ten put into some of the older
institutions. What I say then is, that if we wish to have a
larger sagacity, if we wish to give our money with wiser heed
to results, we shall put more into those institutions on the
Southern field which are to determine what the South shall be; we
shall put more into those institutions in the great Mississippi
valley which are to determine what the Mississippi valley shall
be, and which, two generations hence, are to determine what this
continent shall be. Let not less be given to the old; but, my
friends, the most economical giving is the money given to your
higher institutions in the South and in all our new communities.

       *       *       *       *       *


Address at the Annual Meeting.


What I have to say will be upon this point: Why Puritanism
is especially fitted to elevate the despised races. I
say Puritanism; I might say Congregationalism; but that
word sometimes means a polity, while this means something
higher--clear thinking, strong believing, pure living, solemn and
earnest acting; that spiritual life, in a word, which expresses
itself in Congregationalism, not anything developed by its

(1). It has peculiar power and fitness to elevate the despised
races. First, because we know so little of the capacity of either
of these races. In the geographies of twenty years ago the centre
of Africa was marked "Unexplored Region." The race that dwells
there is still unexplored. When we say Persia, Greece, Rome, the
word represents not only a people but an idea. Each of these
nations has flashed forth before the world and left its mark upon
it. But of Africa we have heard nothing; it has not displayed
itself or impressed itself upon the world outside. It has given
nothing of civilization or religion. And so of the Indians. Of
their predecessors we learn much from the mounds they built; of
themselves we know little. We know more of the former from their
graves, than of the latter from their lives. The Chinese we have
called our antipodes, in spirit as well as locality, and let them
go at that, with this meager record, that grown men spend their
lives in carving toys and find their pleasure in smoking opium.
To lift up these races we want that power which conquered the
conquerors of Rome, and put the destiny of the world into the
hands of the Anglo-Saxon. We want the power which shall convince
them of manhood within and God above, and bring them face to face
with the Almighty.

(2). We want Puritanism brought to these despised races, because
there is in them such a tendency to degradation. This is seen
abundantly in all of them; let us speak of it especially among
the Freedmen. The Association has no feelings of mere romance
in doing its work. Those who have been engaged in it for years
look with open eyes on depths of degradation which you at a
distance can hardly comprehend. In the cities, the colored people
are influenced by the civilization around them. In some cases
they have made excellent progress by themselves, as in the
old Dorchester settlement in Liberty County, Georgia. But as a
rule, when left alone, there is a terrible settling downwards.
It is seen in Louisiana on remote sugar plantations, where their
cabins, if before the war like cattle-pens, are now pest-houses;
in Mississippi swamps, where their worship is fetichism and
their lives savagery. Slavery was a great leveler; it leveled
many down, but it also leveled many up in physical condition. I
sat one memorable week, day after day, in company with teachers
who had spent eight or ten years in hard work with these people.
As they gave their accounts of those outside their influence,
it seemed like standing on a jutting crag at night, an inky sky
above, an inky sea below, and wave after wave rolling in, black,
with scarce a gleam of brightness. No ecclesiastical polity, no
scenic shows, can do anything for a people sinking like this. We
need a faith which grasps with intense reality the fact that sin
leads to remediless destruction; that it needed the Son of God
to die for its victims, and believes the Son of God did die for
them; and with these convictions is not afraid of any darkness He
bids it enlighten, or any devils He bids it cast out.

(3). We want, again, the power of Puritanism for these despised
races, because it has done so much for them. We heard words of
hearty praise this afternoon telling of the success of the work.
They told hardly enough. But these efforts should be redoubled.
We want more institutions like those at Atlanta, New Orleans,
Charleston, and the other large Southern cities, where high
culture and intelligence rule. The scholarship can be compared
without fear with similar grades at the North. I never heard
in our boasted common schools such recitations as I have heard
from boys as black as the blackest. I know what Yale and Harvard
and Dartmouth can show; but in Greek and Latin those colored
students can rival their excellence. The culture in morals and
manners is at least not inferior, nor the religious instruction
less fruitful. The report from the churches shows as large and
as healthy success as we can show here. The young men and women
in these institutions have an intense longing to be at work for
the Master. The desperate condition of their race rests upon them
like a pall. God is making them His prophets and speaking through
them, and sending redemption. It is Puritanism which has done

It seems to have been put upon us to prove what Christianity can
do for these races. Our fathers came to this land, breaking the
winter's silence with hymns of lofty cheer. After them came the
negro, with groanings inexpressible and clanking of chains. Then
the Chinaman, famine pressing him. Let us not forget that it was
the great famine in Ireland which drove one hundred and fifty
thousand emigrants to this country in a single year, almost as
many as had gone out in a decade before; now, ten million Chinese
have died of starvation, and a few seek this land that God gave
to fugitives. These races, which have never done anything for
themselves, nor had anything good done for them, which have been
the tool, the victim, the plaything, the despair of civilization,
are now brought face to face with us--us, with our indisputable
Anglo-Saxon conceit, which cannot bear that others should differ
from us, backed by Northern grit and Western energy, stirred by
a solemn conviction that we have a destiny to fulfil in this
matter, inspired by that command to preach Christ to dying
men. Puritanism, as embodied in this Congregational Missionary
Association, proposes to have a hand in shaping the fate of these

One of the earliest pictures in the annals of the world is that
of an altar. Around it stand three brothers; behind them the
ark and the deluge; in their midst the sacrifice of gratitude
and consecration; before them the bow of promise on the face of
the retreating storm. Ages pass on. The three brothers become
three races. One goes to the East and hides himself behind his
wall. One goes to the South and hides himself behind deserts and
jungles. The third goes to the West, and becomes the torch-bearer
to flash the light of Christ's glory over all Europe. In forty
centuries they girdle the earth and come together once more
upon its opposite side. Behind two of the brothers, little but
the deluge. Behind the third, the ark. In their midst the great
sacrifice, the cross of Christ. And before them--in the name of
Puritanism, in the name of this Association, shall it not be
said--before them ALL, the bow of heavenly promise.

       *       *       *       *       *


REV. J. E. ROY, D.D.

The rebuilding of the holy and beautiful house which was burned
up with fire, and its dedication, as now recalled by the current
Sunday-school lessons, have found a counterpart in the replacing
and reconsecrating of this temple of learning by the American
Missionary Association for the _ex-captives_ of this city. In
February last, under unexplained circumstances, it was burned.
Rev. R. F. Markham, the pastor, instead of going North for his
needed recuperation, remained through the heat of summer to play
the part of Ezra in rebuilding. This was accomplished so that
the Institute was opened on time, October 1st. It is a comely
structure, 60 x 80, two stories high, adjoining the "Home" that
was saved.

Prof. B. F. Koons, at the public service, reported that he had
now four accomplished lady assistants, Misses Twitchell, Daly,
Markham and Ferris, and 290 pupils, including those of the night
school. He also stated that the object of the teachers was to
afford the advantages of higher education to those who desire to
go beyond the public school course; that it was their purpose not
to influence the pupils as to any change in their denominational
relations; and that they were not to seek any diversion in
political matters. He would also say to their white brethren that
their sympathy and co-operation were earnestly invited in this
work, as it is purely a Christian and missionary enterprise.
Mr. Markham offered the prayer of dedication. Several colored
ministers were present and participated. The Field Superintendent
made an address upon "The Bible religion a teaching religion in
the family, the church and the school."

The singing was accompanied by a new nine-stop "American Organ,"
presented by Mr. S. D. Smith, president of that manufacturing
company in Boston. I find in the South many of these souvenirs of
his practical interest in this work. He must be a happy man if he
knows anything of the amount of joy which his benevolence brings
to these lowly ones, who are yet so fond of music, and so gifted
in it, too.

In the evening, after a sermon, the Lord's Supper was
administered at the Congregational Church. To-night there is
to be the regular monthly meeting of the colored Sunday-school
workers of all denominations in the city. This is a very useful
and enthusiastic affair. To-morrow night we are to have a lecture
upon the growth of our country, to be illustrated by the big map
of the same. While I write, the colored militia, to the number of
ten companies, in gay uniform, with glorious music, are having
their annual parade at the Park, their own Georgia artillery
firing the salute of thirty-eight guns. This afternoon, at three
o'clock, we are to join with the Executive Committee at New York,
and all the A. M. A. workers in the annual concert of prayer
for the blessing of God upon this scheme of evangelism. The week
of prayer is to be observed in the white churches by a union
service, held at night by rotation, in their several places of

       *       *       *       *       *


CHARLESTON, S. C.--The first convention of the Charleston
Teachers' Union met at Avery Institute January 2d, 3d and
4th. Essays were read on the Art of Teaching; the Culture of
the Intellect; How to Teach; Incentives to Study; Our Duty as
Teachers; Our Common Schools; the Mind its own Educator; the
Best Methods of Discipline; Classification; Vacations; Mind and
Matter; and the Drama as a Means of Education. Many of these
varied themes were treated by graduates of Avery Institute.
General discussions were also participated in on Prizes, Moral
Instruction in Schools, and "What's the use of Schools?" It must
have been a busy and stimulating three days' meeting.

MIDWAY, GA.--Arrangement has been made whereby Rev. Floyd Snelson
has resumed the pastoral charge of his old church at Midway. Rev.
Joseph E. Smith, who had served as pastor during the absence of
Mr. Snelson in Africa, and who by his cultured ministry had won
the people greatly, has gracefully retired from the pulpit, and
will receive immediate appointment to another field.

SAVANNAH, GA.--Mr. Markham wrote some time ago: "There is
progress here, and I can see the result of our work in Savannah
just as easily as you can see the change made by a carpenter in
planing a board. Though we have had hard work, rough times, and
many head winds, still there is progress. More than five hundred
children are gathered into the Sabbath Schools of our churches in
and around Savannah."

CHILDERSBURG, ALA.--The church had a Christmas supper to help
procure a bell for the church. The pastor wants us to ask our
friends to aid in the endeavor.

SHELBY IRON WORKS, ALA.--A Bible Concert Exercise and "a
magnificent Christmas Tree" on Christmas day. Solid foundations
for church work are being laid. Three inquirers.

NASHVILLE, TENN.--FISK UNIVERSITY.--The last Annual Catalogue
showed a total attendance of 338. Of these, 25 were studying
theology, 26 were in the College, 54 in the College Preparatory,
11 in the Higher Normal, 153 in the Normal Department, and 95
in the Model School. Notwithstanding the "hard times," this
was the most successful year in the history of the University.
Correspondence was had with 108 teachers, who were then or had
been formerly students in the Institution, and it was found that
they had taught during 1877 _nine thousand three hundred and
thirty-two_ pupils. Many of the teachers taught in two separate
districts during the year, as the public schools, in most places,
are continued only from three to five months. Total salary
received $18,643.53. Ninety-four of these teachers superintended
or taught in Sunday-schools, and reported a total attendance of
7,780. They also stated the number of conversions in day and
Sunday-schools at 371. These statistics represent but a part of
the actual teaching done by persons educated at Fisk University,
for there was no means of learning the address of many of the
early students.

THE INDIANS--SISSETON AGENCY.--The Manual Labor Boarding School
has 56 scholars, more than can be comfortably accommodated. The
scholars and parents show an unprecedented interest. During
three months past not one child has run away from the school.
This has never happened before. Several Indians have recently
come into the office desiring to send their children to the
Manual Labor Boarding School, and we have been obliged to
refuse them admittance. The Good Will School is also crowded,
46 scholars--26 being regular boarders. Mrs. Renville has 28
scholars in her day-school, as many as can be managed. These
three schools are now all full, and it is estimated that there
are over 150 children of school-going age on the reservation who
have no opportunity to attend school.

SANTA BARBARA, CAL.--The Chinese Mission held its fourth annual
meeting on Sunday, December 15. The darkness of the evening did
not prevent a large attendance. The report of the Secretary
showed good work done. Nearly sixty Chinese have attended the
school for a longer or a shorter period during the year. The
average attendance, however, has been a little less than twenty.
The exercises by the pupils, consisting of recitations of
Scripture and the singing of hymns in English and Chinese, were
listened to with much interest. Addresses were made by Rev. Dr.
Hough and Rev. W. C. Pond. Judge Huse is the President, and B. B.
Williams, Esq., the Secretary, of this auxiliary for the ensuing
year.--_Pacific_, December 26.

       *       *       *       *       *


The Freedmen.

--The sum total of the money reported as sent for yellow fever
relief to the South is as follows:

  Contributed by the North                                    $1,069,000
  Contributed by the South (including $85,000 by St. Louis)      251,000
  Contributions from foreign lands                                39,000
  Total money contributions from all sources                  $1,359,000

The total value of contributions, including clothing and
supplies, will aggregate about $2,000,000.

satisfaction to be able to publish the following impartial
testimony to the courage and faithfulness of the colored people
during the yellow fever. Says the Memphis _Avalanche_: "Men worth
hundreds of thousands of dollars have left their property in
charge of blacks, and never provided a dollar for their support.
_They faithfully guarded the property of their employers._ And
yet if the Citizens' Relief Committee cut off the supplies from
the servants of these rich men, what in God's name will they
do?" The Nashville _American_, speaking of their conduct during
the prevalence of the yellow fever, remarks: "If the negro is
found to be true and reliable when he is entrusted with the grave
responsibilities of citizenship, if he discharges faithfully
the duties devolved upon him, and shows, in such trying times,
that he may be entrusted with the preservation of order and the
guarding of homes from the criminal classes even of his own
race, it will go far towards giving new views on this subject."
Col. Keating, of the Memphis _Appeal_, indignantly repels a
charge by Dr. Ramsay, seriously damaging to the character of the
colored yellow fever nurses in Memphis, and warmly declares:
"The statement is a libel upon the negroes of Memphis, who have
stood by us nobly as policemen and soldiers." Chief Athey has
resolved to recommend that the colored citizens be represented
on the police force in proportion to population. Nor did they
fail to furnish their quota of physicians, among whom were two
former students of the Central Tennessee College, of this city,
Drs. Key and Bass, who were acknowledged through the papers to
have rendered efficient services, the former at Mason, and the
latter at Chattanooga, Tenn. Nor were there wanting among them,
ministers ready to lay down their lives, as the deaths of the
following clergymen, Mr. Madison, of New Orleans, Mr. Green, of
Vicksburg, Mr. Ventris, of Tuscumbia, Mr. Henderson, of Florence,
and others, sufficiently testify.--_Fisk Expositor._

--The negroes who were formerly slaves of the Choctaws and
Chickasaws, and who still reside among those tribes, were
emancipated by the United States, and part of the common domain
apportioned to them. The operation of the treaty has, however,
been evaded. These Freedmen are deprived of citizenship, the
right to hold office and to vote; nor have their children any
privilege of education under the school laws. It seems there is
a ring of Indians as well as an Indian ring, and that they will
not consent to have the land divided and held in severalty. This
not only keeps the Freedman out of his rights, but prevents the
common Indians from coming to understand their own.

       *       *       *       *       *

The Chinese.

--In the fifth article of the treaty of 1868 between the United
States and China, the two governments mutually recognize, affirm
and guarantee "the inherent and inalienable right of man to
change his home and allegiance, and also the mutual advantage of
the free migration and emigration of their citizens and subjects
respectively from the one country to the other, for purposes
of curiosity, of trade, or as permanent residents." The sixth
article of the same treaty says: "Citizens of the United States
visiting or residing in China shall enjoy the same privileges,
immunities or exemptions in respect to travel or residence as
may there be enjoyed by citizens or subjects of the most favored
nation; and, reciprocally, Chinese subjects visiting or residing
in the United States shall enjoy the same privileges, immunities
and exemptions in respect to travel or residence as may there be
enjoyed by the citizens or subjects of the most favored nation."

--Treaties of the United States are recognized as part of "the
supreme law of the land;" and in the early and famous case of
Ware _vs._ Hylton, 3 Dall., 199, the principle was laid down by
the Supreme Court, which has ever since been followed, that any
exercise of State authority inconsistent with a treaty is thereby
rendered wholly void.

--Among the powers assigned to Congress, in the eighth section
of the first article of the National Constitution, is that "to
establish an uniform rule of naturalization," and "to make all
laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into
execution this power." This remits the whole subject as to
aliens, and their admission to citizenship, to Congress, with
full authority.

--The Legislature of California, a few years ago, tried to solve
the Chinese problem by a law of exclusion; but, unfortunately for
the effort, the Supreme Court of the United States, in the case
of Chy Lung _vs._ Freeman _et al._, 2 Otto, 275, declared the
law to be unconstitutional. Mr. Justice Miller, in stating the
opinion of the Court, said: "The passage of laws which concern
the admission, of citizens and subjects of foreign nations
to our shores belongs to Congress, and not to the States. It
has the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations. The
responsibility for the character of those regulations, and for
the manner of their execution, belongs solely to the National
Government. If it be otherwise, a single State can, at her
pleasure, embroil us in disastrous quarrels with other nations."
The Court, on this general ground, pronounced the law to be a

--The committee of the Constitutional Convention of California
having in charge the question relating to Chinese immigration
have decided that it is impossible to put into that constitution
any provision that will forbid such immigration, and not at the
same time conflict with the Constitution of the United States.

--The real difficulty lies in the relation of the Chinaman
to the labor question. But this is not generic to him. There
are Norwegians and Swedes who will save as much on as little
as the Chinese. But we welcome them. We take in thousands
every year of the race which especially breeds all those foul
fellows--hoodlums, tramps and bummers. How can we consistently
refuse to welcome these others, who are patient, industrious
and frugal? Shall we pass a new law that shall compel our
customs officials to catechise all new-comers as to the minimum
on which they can manage to subsist, and when their estimate
falls below Mr. Denis Kearney's judgment of what is the proper
sum for a laboring man, pack them back again whence they

       *       *       *       *       *



The following list presents the names and post-office addresses
of those who are under appointment in the Churches, Institutions
and Schools aided by the American Missionary Association, among
the Freedmen in the South, the Chinese on the Pacific Coast,
the Indians, and the Negroes in Western Africa. The Theological
Department of Howard University is supported jointly by the
Presbytery of Washington and the Am. Miss. Assoc. The Berea
College and Hampton Institute are under the care of their own
Boards of Trustees; but being either founded or fostered in the
past by this Association, and representing the general work is
which it is engaged, their teachers are included in this list.




  _Theological Department._

    Rev. W. W. Patton, D.D.,     Washington, D. C.
     "   Lorenzo Westcott,           "        "
     "   Alexander Pitzer, D.D.,     "        "
     "   John G. Butler, D.D.,       "        "

         *       *       *       *       *




  ----                 ----


  _Instructors and Managers._

    Gen. S. C. Armstrong,        Hampton, Va.
    Gen. J. F. B. Marshall,        "      "
    Mr. Albert Howe,               "      "
     "  M. B. Crowell,             "      "
     "  J. B. H. Goff,             "      "
    Capt. Henry Romeyn,            "      "
    Miss Ann M. Hobbs,             "      "
     "   Charlotte L. Mackie,    Newburgh, N. Y.
     "   Susan B. Harrold,       Franklin, Mass.
     "   Mary F. Mackie,         Newburgh, N. Y.
     "   Nathalie Lord,          Portland, Me.
     "   Isabel B. Eustis,       Springfield, Mass.
     "   Helen W. Ludlow,        New York City.
    Mrs. Sophia Buck,            Orange, N. J.
    Miss Eleanor W. Collingwood, Hampton, Va.
    Mrs. Eunice C. Dixon,          "      "
    Miss Mary A. Coe,            Boston, Mass.
     "   Elizabeth P. Hyde,      Brooklyn, N. Y.
     "   Margaret W. Buck,       Hampton, Va.
     "   Jeannie I. Hincks,        "      "
     "   Carrie Watson,            "      "
     "   Emily Kimball,            "      "
    Mr. Albert H. Tolman,          "      "
     "  Charles G. Buck,           "      "
     "  Thomas T. Brice,           "      "
     "  James C. Robbins,          "      "
     "  Frank D. Banks,            "      "
     "  John E. Fuller,            "      "



    Miss M. A. Andrus,           Riceville, Pa.


  WILMINGTON (P. O. Box 207).


  _Minister and Superintendent._

    Rev. D. D. Dodge,            Nashua, N. H.


    Miss Julia C. Andrews,       Milltown, Me.


    Miss Lucy Goodwin,           Mason, N. H.
     "   E. A. Warner,           Lowell, Mass.
     "   H. L. Fitts,            Candia, N. H.
    Mrs. Janet Dodge,            Nashua, N. H.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. George S. Smith,        Raleigh, N. C.


  Miss E. P. Hayes,            Limerick, Me.
  Mrs. Geo. S. Smith,          Raleigh, N. C.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. David Peebles,          Dudley, N. C.


    Mrs. Anna D. Peebles,        Dudley, N. C.

         *       *       *       *       *


  _Minister and Teacher._

    Rev. Alfred Connett,         Solsberry, Ind.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. William Ellis,           Southfield, Mass.

         *       *       *       *       *





    Prof. A. W. Farnham,         Hannibal, N. Y.


    Mr. C. P. Van Inwegen,       Cuddebackville, N. Y.
     "  Levi L. Farnham,         Hannibal, N. Y.
     "  C. C. Scott,             Charleston, S. C.
     "  E. A. Lawrence,              "         "
    Miss M. L. Phelps,           Constableville, N. Y.
    Mrs. M. L. Brown,            Charleston, S. C.
    Miss Monimia McKinlay,           "         "
    Miss H. E. Wells,            Middletown, N. Y.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. W. L. Johnson,          Orangeburg, S. C.


    Mrs. W. L. Johnson,              "         "

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. J. D. Backenstose,       Geneva, N. Y.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. C. W. Francis,          Atlanta, Ga.
     "   S. S. Ashley,           Northboro, Mass.


  _Instructors and Managers._

    Rev. E. A. Ware,             Atlanta, Ga.
    Prof. T. N. Chase,             "      "
    Rev. C. W. Francis,            "      "
     "   Horace Bumstead,          "      "
    Prof. J. F. Fuller,            "      "
     "    Frank W. Smith,        Lincoln, Mass.
    Miss Emma C. Ware,           Norfolk,  "
     "   Susie A. Cooley,        Honek, Kansas.
     "   Mary E. Sands,          Saco, Me.
    Mrs. Lucy E. Case,           Millbury, Mass.
    Miss Carrie H. Loomis,       Hartford, Conn.
     "   Mary L. Santley,        New London, Ohio.
     "   E. F. Moore,            Chicago, Ill.
    Mrs. T. N. Chase,            Atlanta, Ga.
     "   J. F. Fuller,             "       "

  _STORRS SCHOOL_, (104 Houston St.)


    Miss Amy Williams,           Livonia Sta., N. Y.


    Miss Fannie M. Andrews,      Milltown, Me.
     "   M. E. Stevenson,        Bellefontaine, Ohio.
     "   F. J. Norris,           Atlanta, Ga.
     "   Abbie Clark,              "       "

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Stanley E. Lathrop,     New London, Wis.



    Miss Christene Gilbert,      Fredonia, N. Y.
     "   Hattie E. Phelps,       Hannibal, N. Y.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Miss S. A. Hosmer,           Augusta, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. Cosmo P. Jordan,         Atlanta, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. J. G. Hutchins,          Atlanta, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. Richard R. Wright,       Atlanta, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. William F. Jackson,      Atlanta, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. William C. Craig,        Atlanta, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Miss S. V. Whitic,           Macon, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. S. B. Morse,             Savannah, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. W. H. Harris,            Savannah, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. G. W. F. Phillips,       Milledgeville, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. Robert Smith,            Charleston, S. C.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mr. T. C. Sheppard,         Chattanooga, Tenn.

         *       *       *       *       *


  _Minister and Supt. of Missions._

    Rev. R. F. Markham,         Wheaton, Ill.



    Mr. B. F. Koons,            Sulphur Springs, O.


    Miss Adelaide Daily,        Fredonia, N. Y.
     "   Hattie Markham,        Wheaton, Ill.
    Miss E. H. Twichell,        Saratoga Sp'gs, N. Y.
     "   Amelia Ferris,         Oneida, Ill.
    Mrs. R. F. Markham,         Wheaton, Ill.

         *       *       *       *       *


  _Minister and Teacher._

    Rev. J. H. H. Sengstacke,   Savannah, Ga.

         *       *       *       *       *


  _Minister and Teacher._

    Rev. John McLean,           McLeansville, N. C.
    Miss E. W. Douglass,        Decorah, Iowa.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Wilson Callen,         Selma, Ala.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Jos. E. Smith,         Atlanta, Ga.
    [A]" Floyd Snelson,         McIntosh, Ga.


    John McIntosh, Jr.,         Savannah, Ga.
    Mrs. John McIntosh,             "      "

         *       *       *       *       *


         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. G. W. Andrews,         Collinsville, Ct.


  _Instructors and Managers._

    Rev. E. P. Lord,            Olivet, Mich.
     "   G. W. Andrews,         Collinsville, Ct.
    Prof. Geo. N. Ellis,        Olivet, Mich.
     "    G. C. Carpenter,      Indianola, Iowa.
    Mr. Warren E. Wheeler,      Salem, Wis.
     "  George Atkins,          Olivet, Mich.
    Miss M. L. Sawyer,          Boxford, Mass.
     "   S. Ida Allen,          Rochester, N. Y.
     "   M. A. M. Kernan,       Locust Valley, L. I.
     "   Kate A. Lord,          Olivet, Mich.
    Mrs. H. W. Andrews,         Collinsville, Ct.
    Miss Emily P. Newcomb,      Chicago, Ill.




    Rev. G. W. Andrews,        Collinsville, Conn.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. J. D. Smith,          Talladega, Ala.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Peter McEntosh,       Talladega, Ala.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Alfred Jones,         Talladega, Ala.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. D. L. Hickok,         Kingsville, Ohio.


  _Supt. and Teachers._

    Rev. D. L. Hickok,         Kingsville, Ohio.
    Miss Isabel Phelps,        Oswego, N. Y.
     "   May Hickok,           Kingsville, Ohio.
     "   H. Jennie Stevenson,  Bellefontaine, Ohio.

         *       *       *       *       *

  MONTGOMERY, (P. O. Box 62.)


    Rev. F. Bascom, D.D.,     Hinsdale, Ill.



    Miss Martha J. Adams,      Columbus, Wis.


    Miss Jane S. Hardy,        Shelburne, Mass.
     "   May Merry,            Providence, R. I.
     "   Fannie A. Wilson,     Montgomery, Ala.
    Mrs. M. Hardaway Davis,        "        "
    Miss Anna Duncan,              "        "

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. C. B. Curtis,         Burlington, Wis.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Geo. E. Hill,         Southport, Conn.


    Mrs. Geo. E. Hill,         Southport, Conn.
    Miss Laura Hill,               "        "

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Horace J. Taylor,     McMinnville, Tenn.



    Miss M. F. Wells,          Ann Arbor, Mich.
     "   Nettie Underwood,     Burlington,  "

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. William H. Ash,       Providence, R. I.

         *       *       *       *       *




    Rev. Henry S. Bennett,       Nashville, Tenn.
     "   Geo. W. Moore,             "        "


  _Instructors and Managers._

    Rev. E. M. Cravath,          Brooklyn, N. Y.
    [B] "   A. K. Spence,           Nashville, Tenn.
     "   H. S. Bennett,             "        "
     "   F. A. Chase,               "        "
     "   C. C. Painter,          Stafford Sp'gs, Conn.
    Mr.  Edward P. Gilbert,      Nashville, Tenn.
     "   John Burrus,                "        "
    Miss Helen C. Morgan,        Cleveland, Ohio.
      "  Anna M. Cahill,         Binghamton, N. Y.
      "  Henrietta Matson,       N. Bloomfield, Ohio.
      "  E. M. Barnes,           Bakersfield, Vt.
      "  Laura S. Carey,         St. Johnsbury, Vt.
    Mrs. J. D. Lee,              Nashville, Tenn.
    Miss Irene E. Gilbert,       Fredonia, N. Y.
      "  Sarah M. Wells,         Big Rapids, Mich.
      "  Sarah A. Stevens,       St. Johnsbury, Vt.
    Miss Mary Farrand,           Ypsilanti, Mich.
      "  Dora Ford,              N. Abington, Mass

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. W. W. Mallory,          Memphis, Tenn.


    Miss Hattie Milton,          Romeo, Mich.



    Prof. A. J. Steele,          Whitewater, Wis.


    Miss Laura A. Parmelee,      Toledo, Ohio
      "  Emma Rand,              Whitewater, Wis.
      "  Ella Woodward,          Royalton, N. Y.
      "  S. M. McGill,           Memphis, Tenn.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Temple Cutler,          Athol, Mass.

         *       *       *       *       *




    Rev. John G. Fee,            Berea, Ky.


  _Instructors and Managers._

    Rev. E. H. Fairchild, D.D.,  Berea, Ky.
     "    John G. Fee,            "     "
    Prof. L. V. Dodge,            "     "
    Rev. Charles G. Fairchild,    "     "
    Prof. P. D. Dodge,            "     "
    Rev. B. S. Hunting,          Sublette, Ill.
    Miss L. A. Darling,          Akron, Ohio
      "  Kate Gilbert,           W. Brookfield, Mass.
      "  Anna Haylor,            Oberlin, Ohio.
      "  Etta McClelland,        Berea, Ky.
      "  Clara A. Saxton,        Oberlin, Ohio.
      "  Alice E. Peck,          Alexander, N. Y.
      "  C. W. Haynes,           Oberlin, Ohio.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. John Drew,              Berea, Ky.

         *       *       *       *       *




    Rev. G. S. Pope,             Strongsville, Ohio.


  _Managers and Instructors._

    Rev. G. S. Pope,             Strongsville, Ohio.
    Prof. D. I. Miner,           Bavaria, Kansas.
    Miss Kate K. Koons,          Sulphur Springs, O.
      "  Orra A. Angell,         Greenville, R. I.
    Miss Mary H. Scott,          Auburndale, Mass.
      "  Irene C. Barnes,        Greenville, R. I.
    Mrs. G. S. Pope,             Strongsville, Ohio.
     "   D. I. Miner,            Bavaria, Kansas.
    Miss S. L. Emerson,          Hallowell, Me.

         *       *       *       *       *




    Rev. W. S. Alexander,        Pomfret, Conn.
     "   Isaac Hall,             New Orleans, La.
     "   Henry Ruffin,               "        "
     "   N. B. James,                "        "


  _Instructors and Managers._

    Rev. W. S. Alexander,        Pomfret, Conn.
    Prof. J. K. Cole,            Lawrence, Mass.
      "   J. M. McPherron,       New Orleans, La.
    Miss Mary J. Robinson,       Lake City, Minn.
      "  Caroline Park,          West Boxford, Mass.
    Miss H. J. Halleck,          Success, L. I.
      "  Frances Stevens,        Oswego, N. Y.
    Mrs. C. E. Alexander,        Pomfret, Conn.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Charles E. Smith,       New Orleans, La.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. William Butler,         New Iberia, La.

         *       *       *       *       *


    Rev. Thos. E. Hillson        New Orleans, La.

         *       *       *       *       *




    Rev. B. C. Church,           Goliad, Texas.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. S. M. Coles,            New Haven, Conn.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. Mitchell Thompson,      Goliad, Texas.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. A. J. Turner,           Schulenburg, Texas.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Mrs. E. M. Garland,          Austin, Texas.

         *       *       *       *       *



    Rev. W. C. Pond,             San Francisco, Cal.


    SAN FRANCISCO,        Mr. Henry M. Pond.
                          Mrs. M. T. Hunting.
                          Mr. Wong Sam.
                           "  J. Hackley.
                           "  Chung Ying.
                          Mrs. C. A. Sheldon.

    OAKLAND,              Miss L. B. Mann.
                           "   Lucy Duncan.
                          Mr. Jee Gam.

    PETALUMA,             Mr. A. L. Anthony.

    SACRAMENTO,           Mrs. S. Denton.
                          Mr. Lu Haim.

    SANTA BARBARA,        Mrs. C. P. Stephenson.

    STOCKTON,              "   M. C. Brown.

    SUISUN,                "   T. W. Chamberlain.

    WOODLAND,             Mr. E. C. Gilbert.

         *       *       *       *       *


  _Red Lake Agency, Minnesota._

    Agent,                ----
    Teacher,              Miss M. C. Warren.

         *       *       *       *       *

  _Lake Superior Agency, Wis._

    Agent,                Dr. Isaac L. Mahan.
    Teacher,              ---- ----
    "                     Robert Pew.

         *       *       *       *       *

  _Green Bay Agency, Wis._

    Agent,                Joseph C. Bridgman.
    Farmer and Teacher,   W. W. Wheeler.
    Matron,               Mrs. W. W. Wheeler.
    Teacher,              Miss S. B. Dresser.

         *       *       *       *       *

  _Ft. Berthold Agency, Dakota Territory._

    Agent,                Thomas P. Ellis.

         *       *       *       *       *

  _Sisseton Agency, Dakota Territory._

    Agent,                E. H. C. Hooper.
    Teachers,             (Connected with the Mission of the
                                                A. B. C. F. M.)

         *       *       *       *       *

  _S'Kokomish Agency, Washington Territory._

    Agent,                Edwin Eells.
    Missionary,           Rev. Myron Eells.
    Teachers,             (Supported by Gov't.)

         *       *       *       *       *


  _Missionaries and Assistants._

    Rev. A. P. Miller.
     "   A. F. Jackson.
    Dr. Benj. James.
    Mr. A. E. White.
    Mrs. A. P. Miller.
     "   A. F. Jackson.
    Rev. George N. Jewett.
    Mr. Sam. H. Goodman.
    Mr. James Pickett.
    Mr. Buel Tucker.
    Mrs. Lucy During.

  [A] Missionary returned from Africa.
  [B] Absent.

       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *


A Working Church--Bible Christians.


Last Sabbath we had an unusually interesting communion season.
Two young men united with the church; one has been a member of
our day-school, both of the Sunday-school. Our daily prayer is,
"Lord, bring our scholars into the fold of Christ." Our church is
small, but it is a working one, and its influence is felt in the

A young Methodist minister attended a course of lectures given by
Mr. Dodge, last winter, on the Christian Doctrines, and he says,
"Mr. Dodge taught me more than I ever knew before. The Bible
seems a new book."

It seems to me the people are beginning to feel that the "Bible
Christians" are different from the mass of professing ones around
them. I called on a sick young man; he asked me to come in and
read to him. I did so from time to time until he recovered.
The family said, "We are ashamed to return your calls, but we
will come into meeting." And they were in last Sabbath evening.
I have been teaching a woman over fifty years of age to read,
this summer, and now she reads quite intelligibly, and says what
little she can read opens up a new world to her.

I was somewhat amused one day when she came to the word
"Hypocrite." She repeated, "_Hypocrite, hypocrite_; I must
remember that, for we have a plenty of 'um around us." She
often comes to our meetings, because she "can get such a good
understanding of the Bible."

       *       *       *       *       *


A New Conference Organized.


In Georgia, the "Empire State of the South," a Congregational
Conference now exists. It was formed at Macon, Dec. 12. Part
of the churches came from the Central South Conference, which
formerly covered the States of Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama
and Northern Georgia. The others were members of the now defunct
Southeast Georgia Conference. By uniting together in this
State organization, it is hoped that the bond of fellowship
and Christian work may be strengthened. Twelve churches were
represented by pastor or delegate, including the church at
Orangeburg, S. C. Three of these have white pastors from the
North; the others have efficient colored ministers who have been
trained in the schools of the A. M. A.

Rev. Dr. Roy, of Atlanta, whom your own great State has recently
given to the South for a Field Superintendent of the work
among the colored people, preached a most effective opening
sermon from the text, "Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to-day
and forever." We thank the Illinois churches for their gift,
for Dr. Roy is evidently the right man in the right place.
He is cordially and gladly welcomed, and will have a great
work to do in looking after the present scattered flocks, and
gathering new churches. The Conference was well officered by
Rev. R. F. Markham, of Savannah, as Moderator, and Rev. J. H.
H. Sengstacke, of Woodville, as Secretary; Rev. S. E. Lathrop,
the newly-arrived pastor at Macon, was also chosen Statistical
Secretary and Treasurer, with authority to publish the Minutes
and other documents. The Macon church is a beautiful brick
building, tastefully arranged, upon a commanding site which
overlooks most of the city. The attendance of Macon citizens
was not so large as it would have been but for a very exciting
municipal election which was going on at the time, absorbing the
enthusiasm of most of the people. But the Congregational church,
with the "Lewis High School" in its basement, taught by two
experienced lady teachers from New York, has gained the respect
of the whole community by the steadiness of its members and the
"sweet reasonableness" of its doctrines as handed down from past

To those unaccustomed to deal with the Freedmen, one very
noticeable thing was their intelligence, and especially their
knowledge of parliamentary law as applied to deliberative bodies.
They are thoroughly posted in all the intricate mazes of motions,
amendments, substitutes and privileged questions, and everything
must be done in a strictly parliamentary way. This is, perhaps, a
characteristic of the whole Southern people, white or black. They
have also a good knowledge of Congregational usages, and seem to
be much attached to the ways of the Pilgrim Fathers.

One evening was devoted to a temperance meeting (a subject,
by the way, which needs great attention in the South), with
several earnest and spirited addresses by both white and colored
speakers. The vice of drunkenness is very prevalent in this
part of the country, both in the churches and out of them. The
"fire-water" has its charms for the red, white and black races
alike. Even among the colored preachers of some denominations,
drunkenness is by no means uncommon.

Rev. Floyd Snelson, recently returned from the Mendi Mission,
Africa, gave a very interesting sketch of the work among that
people. Several of the (colored) churches of the city were
supplied on Sunday by members of the Conference. There is
little affiliation of the white churches. Mr. John R. McLean,
a promising young man of pure negro blood, was ordained by
a council as a closing exercise of the Conference--a very
impressive service. Sermon by Rev. S. S. Ashley, of Atlanta;
charge to the candidate, Rev. R. F. Markham, of Savannah;
ordaining prayer, Rev. S. E. Lathrop, of Macon; right hand of
fellowship, Rev. J. H. H. Sengstacke, of Woodville.

Congregationalism in the South is not a failure. The outlook is
hopeful. The tendencies of our polity to induce intelligence and
self-control are more and more observed, and the better classes
of Southern people are coming out with more strongly pronounced
words of commendation. Men and money, patience and prayer, wisdom
and work, will elevate the black man to his proper place, surely,
though it may be slowly.--_Advance._

       *       *       *       *       *

"There is Life in the Old Land Yet."


I came to this place in October and undertook the work necessary
to a successful beginning of my school duties. Several county
free schools were in session on my arrival, and I deemed it
wise to visit them and urge the patronage of my school, which I
intended opening when the free schools were closed. I visited and
witnessed the closing exercises of these schools, and was pleased
with the progress made by some of them. The great scarcity of
proper books and other school accommodations was quite manifest.
Some of these schools had scholars sufficiently advanced for the
Second or Third Readers, but did not have the means to purchase
suitable books, and so the teachers kept them reading in the
blue-back speller, and accomplished something.

I succeeded in getting pupils to come to my school from one
to ten miles away. I began teaching under the auspices of the
American Missionary Association immediately at the close of
the free schools, and the number of pupils and the interest in
education increased rapidly. The number enrolled has been large,
and the average attendance good. A most decided improvement has
been made in punctuality and the general observance of school
regulations and requirements. Many have paid something toward
the education of their children, and quite a number something
toward procuring proper books for their children.

The school is prospering, the people are taking a proper view
of things, and the workers are encouraged. May our sky continue

       *       *       *       *       *

Home Life Among the Negroes--An Incident.


The saddest reports of home life among the negroes are gained
from conversation with our returned student teachers. One of
our girls, a born lady, delicate and refined, who had always
lived comfortably in the city, went out to teach for the first
time this summer. Her first boarding-place was a log house of
three rooms and twenty occupants. Each room contained a separate
family. There were no windows or openings in the logs except the
chimney and door, and of course the door must be shut at night to
keep out animals. The father and mother have a bed; the children
(boys and girls) all nestle together on a quilt spread on the
floor, in the corner, sleeping in the same filthy garments they
have worn through the day. Think of trying to sleep as she had
to during the intense heat of last summer in a close room with
twelve persons. The first morning she told the man of the house
he must get a saw and make a place for a window. He protested; so
did she; said she should sit up all night and not shut her eyes
to sleep unless it was done; and it _was_ done. Need a missionary
in Africa practice more self-denial than this exceedingly neat
and delicate girl in Georgia? She took a lamp with her which was
a great curiosity, as the children were not accustomed even to a
candle. At dusk the door was filled with eager eyes waiting to
see her "make a fire in that queer thing." She is an unusually
sweet singer. It was remarkable how quickly her fine voice was
recognized and appreciated by the musical intuitions of even that
rude people. They came long distances to beg her "to sing one
more time," and often remarked, "I'm shore the angels can't sing
no better."

       *       *       *       *       *


Testimony as to Progress Already Made--The Situation and


I am much interested in my work and in my people. I see abundant
proofs of the beneficent agency of your society here. Could its
influence have been exerted in like manner among all our colored
people of the South, the problem so perplexing to politicians and
philanthropists, as to the future of this class in our country,
would have been already solved. It seems to me that my neighbors
here who have been under the influence of our school and
church, for these few years past, are as well prepared for the
duties and responsibilities of freemen and citizens as are the
ordinary farmers and mechanics at the North. I am most happily
disappointed in the intelligence of the men and the culture of
the women, and in the neatness and comfort of their homes. But
I see this elevation of the race is accomplished by the most
laborious and exhausting efforts of your employés.

Dr. Bascom also writes to a friend, as appears in the _Advance_:

We greatly enjoy our situation and work in this place. The
weather is charming. We should call it the perfection of our
early autumn weather,--just cool enough for comfort with a nice
fire in the grate, but bright and balmy through the day, making
the shady side of the street preferable at mid-day. The frost has
killed the elm and mulberry leaves, but the magnolia, mock orange
and fig leaves are green as ever, and the hawthorn hedges and
roses make the door-yards look almost like June. Their geraniums
they are protecting with temporary board coverings, letting them
remain out all winter.

Our Mission Home is a large and commodious mansion built by a
slave-holder, whose fortunes went down with the lost cause,
and it was purchased by the American Missionary Association.
Our school, near by, has a building which compares favorably
with some of the Chicago school-houses, two stories and a good
basement, the whole accommodating from 300 to 400 pupils, with
three noble white teachers and three colored, who have graduated
from this school. I have just visited the school, and was greatly
delighted. It is no disparagement to your excellent schools
to say that, in point of order and apparent earnestness and
successful work on the part of both teachers and pupils, these
dusky boys and girls would not suffer in comparison.

Our church here is a neat, pleasant, wooden building, and our
congregation appear fully to appreciate a preacher's best
efforts. Their singing is, like ours, led by a good organist.
Their prayer meetings are quiet and social, and very enjoyable.
Our Sunday-school is flourishing, under a colored man for
superintendent, who is teaching in the country. I enjoy my work,
and hope to have a profitable winter.

       *       *       *       *       *


Le Moyne Library--Sunday-school Work.


There has been some work and much time spent upon the library in
labeling and cataloguing the two hundred and thirty new volumes,
and arranging the whole five hundred in classes.

We have nineteen popular books of science; twenty-five bright
records of travel; forty-seven good histories, essays, stories,
&c., of genuine worth. Many of them are already in circulation. I
am confident this must gather to our support the best elements in
the colored community.

Some of the public school-teachers have spoken to Mr. Steele
about reciting to him at night. They say they wish to review the
lower branches. The arrangements have not been perfected. And
a request has come that a class be formed in theology, for the
benefit of young men who are obliged to work, but wish to fit
themselves for preaching.

Just at this time we are in a state of chaos, waiting for the
holiday merry-makings to be over, that people may settle down to
plans for another year. We hope for a good year in every sense
of the word. As I sit by my stove writing, a substantial Baptist
sister is warming her feet on the hearth and making arrangements
with Miss Milton to hold a neighborhood prayer-meeting at her
house Tuesday morning. I think the missionary work is broadening.
The yellow fever fund you sent is helping to break down barriers.

       *       *       *       *       *

Generous Giving--Not Dying Out--Help Wanted.


During my seven months' absence from home the church managed to
take care of itself with credit both to its zeal and its ability.
Three months of the time it was ministered to by the Rev. G. W.
Moore, a young preacher pursuing his studies at Fisk. Brother
Moore gave himself most heartily to the work while here, and
displayed qualities of mind and heart that give promise of great
usefulness to his race. The church raised for him by its own
contributions $50 per month, besides contributing nearly $50 to
aid yellow fever sufferers in other cities in the early stage
of the epidemic. The total amount of their contributions during
my absence was $211.42. I do not think many of our Northern
churches can show a better record, considering their income. It
amounts to about $3.50 from each resident member. The income of
our membership will not average $150 a year. Let these figures be
compared with those of some of our city churches, and we will
not blush. I sometimes get a little tried with the people when
I see them waste their money on tobacco and a thousand little
extravagances; but I immediately feel rebuked when I compare
their extravagance with that of white people. If white people
gave according to their income as these poor black people do, our
debt would not hang like a millstone around our neck, and the
Home Missionary Society would not still groan over $30,000.

I have heard it stated that the colored people are dying out.
This is not the case among our people. I have been here two
years and a half, and have not been called to attend a funeral
of any member of our church. There have been but three deaths
in the families, and two of them were yellow fever cases during
my absence. Some of our members were sick, but none of them
died. There were many, many cases of yellow fever among the
colored people that were not reported. They held, perhaps, a
superstitious notion--the doctors would say so, at least--that if
they went to the hospital they would surely die; so they doctored
themselves with herbs, and so far as I can learn not one so
treated died.

We are in the midst of the trying season for these poor people.
The cold weather is coming on; but thanks to the kind women of
Yarmouth, Mass., and Skowhegan, Me., we have a good stock of
garments for the most needy. Two barrels have come and their
contents been distributed in part. The Lord bless the generous
hearts and fingers that filled them.

I want to say to the friends of Tennie that she is making a
grand record in school. I have another girl named Rosa for whom
I bespeak an interest. If any Sunday-school or any body wants to
take her off my hands, I will find another to take care of. Work
done for these girls is good work.

       *       *       *       *       *

Freedom's Day.

The Band of Hope in Chattanooga observed the first day of
January in celebrating the anniversary of the proclamation of
Emancipation. The exercises were held in one of our largest
halls, and were well attended. They consisted of speaking and
singing, and the reading of the Proclamation. The principal
address was given by Rev. Mr. Hurley, of the A. M. E. Church, and
contained some excellent thoughts upon the situation of things
in the South. After a brief introduction, in which he spoke of
the propriety of the colored people's observing this day as the
white people had been accustomed to observe the Fourth of July,
as independence day, he proceeded to name some of the benefits
that had come to the whole country, white and black, North and
South--for we are one, and what really benefits one section,
benefits all--from the emancipation of the slaves.

1. His first point related to the honor of the American name.
For almost a century poets have sung and orators boasted of the
national honor. The declaration of independence, "that all men
are born free and equal," has been flaunted abroad as the pennant
of the nation, while millions of our people were being born,
living and dying in the worst form of slavery the world has ever
known. In all those long years the nation lived a stupendous lie.
Never was the declaration of independence true until Abraham
Lincoln made it so the first day of January, 1863. It is a great
benefit to the nation to be true to its professions; to have this
great blot wiped out.

2. By the emancipation of the slaves, 5,000,000 pairs of hands
were added to the wealth and defences of the nation--no small
gift. We read of a time when a nation shall be born at once.
It has come. What if the ex-slave has had to be nursed! All
babes are nursed. Is not the babe a blessing to the household?
Even its very helplessness is a blessing, educating the finest
sensibilities of humanity. If the babe born January 1st, 1863, is
nurtured aright, God alone can measure the benefits to the nation.

3. By the emancipation of the slave, a system of education
was introduced to the South that insures a lasting blessing
upon the whole people. The intelligence of a large portion of
the white population before the war was not above that of the
slave. If the slave had not been made free, there is no reason
to suppose the condition of these poor whites would have been
changed. Now a glance over the broad territory of these States,
where school-houses have sprung up like magic, shows the immense
advantage that has come to white and black alike; and with the
increase of intelligence will come increase of prosperity and
happiness to the whole nation. With the emancipation of the
slave, the common-school system has been forced upon the South,
until now, having tasted of its sweetness, we hope it is never to
be abolished.

4. Another benefit resulting from the emancipation of the slave
is the moral elevation of the people. Ah! we know too well the
vices that sheltered themselves under that most accursed of all
traffics. The slave was but a chattel; his level was the ox; he
was like any other beast of burden, and his morals were not above
his position. Great complaint is now made of the moral condition
of the colored man. But low as it may be, every intelligent
observer can perceive a vast improvement over the condition
before the war. The wonder is that one virtuous, or truthful, or
honest person could come out of 250 years of moral degradation
like that of American slavery. But these dark days are gone. Now
there is incentive enough for us to rise. The opportunity is
before us to show to the world that the vices of the past are due
to our education, and not to the inherent nature of the black
man. We have only to recover a lost manhood. We want faith in one
another. We must believe in the possibilities that are before us
as a people, and aid each other to reach them, and God will give
us the victory.

In closing, the speaker referred to some mistakes the colored
man has made. One was too much confidence in the white man.
Confidence begets dependence. Dependence is not good for those
who would rise in the world. We must learn to trust God and our
own exertions. We have always been dependent, and it is not
strange that we have leaned upon our friends in the early days
of our freedom; but now it is time for us to begin to act and
think for ourselves. There is a destiny before us which we must
achieve. Let us arise and work. Another mistake is the scheme
of emigrating to some other land. This is our home as much as
it is the white man's. It is our native land. The country and
people that have witnessed our degradation should also witness
our exaltation. After years of servitude shall we turn our
backs upon glorious privileges that are now within our reach?
No, my friends, we shall make a grand mistake if we follow to
any extent the wild scheme of defeated politicians, projected
in this African exodus. Let us be content to wait until we have
redeemed ourselves from the evils of 250 years of servitude by
the improvement of the advantages that God has so graciously
brought to our door, before we venture into that dark continent
from which our fathers were torn, to be ground under the iron
heel of the slave-master. Until then, Africa will be no better
for us, and we will be no better for Africa. We must learn to
respect ourselves before we can command the respect of others.
May God hasten the day when the colored man shall recognize in
his brother the character which he would have all men recognize
in himself.

I do not give this as a verbatim report, but the thoughts as
nearly as I can recall them from a few notes taken at the time.
Coming from a colored man, they show the sentiment of the more
intelligent leaders among them. The address fits so exactly into
the line of our work that I cannot refrain from giving this brief
                                                           T. C.

       *       *       *       *       *




We were teaching a Freedman's school in Mississippi, and boarding
with a Northern family on a plantation, where a few years before
were four hundred slaves. One Sabbath morning we were sitting on
the back piazza, sorting Sunday-school papers for the school,
which was that day to begin, when Joe made his appearance from
the kitchen, coming along by the porch with a limping, shuffling
gait; his only garments a shirt much too large for him and
minus one sleeve, and a pair of pants hanging in tatters, the
cast-off rags of an older brother. "Can you read, Joe?" said the
teacher, passing him a paper full of pictures. "Not yit, ma'am;
but brother Ben can read right smart, and he's gwine to teach
me a heap o' larnin', and I reckon I'se goin' to read dis yere
some time shore." Joe took his first lesson in learning by means
of the word method, and limped off spelling the word "so," and
picking out all the so's in his paper.

In a few days we took occasion to interview his mother and broach
the subject of his going to school; but we soon found that the
chances were against him; for being the youngest of ten children,
there were so many to feed and clothe, as his mother expressed
it, she "couldn't get to him," and he had to tote wood and water
for her, while she cooked at the big house. After repeated
attempts to get Joe started in his education, the Yankee school
ma'am set about clothing her protégé, but was soon put to her
wits' end to find a pattern for boys' pants; and as tailoring
was not her forte, there were several obstacles to be overcome.
Happily, a plan was hit upon, and Joe pulled off his dilapidated
pants and went to bed, while his new clothes were cut by the use
of the old ones for a pattern, and very soon the happiest boy of
the Ethiopian race was a daily attendant at the school. A week or
two of study passed, when the gentleman who had provided Joe with
hat and book accosted him with, "How do you get on, Joe?" "Mighty
well, Colonel; done got past the picture o' de ox; have shore
done got past him!"

No pupil was more constant in attendance than our protégé, and
with rapid strides he passed the boys of his age, learning well
whatever he was permitted to study, and in four years from
the time he learned his first word on the piazza, we left him
doing examples in higher mathematics, before a large audience
of parents and friends of education, who were delighted at his
progress. Many of our pupils had come to the Good Shepherd, and
with delight told of the joy in following their newly-found
Saviour; but Joe was so engrossed with study, nothing seemed to
move him, and we left him, a little saddened that he was, as he
expressed it, "yet in the outstanding army."

This summer, while the yellow fever was prevailing, there came
a postal from Joe, saying he had found Jesus, and taken Him for
the captain of his salvation; and now he loved everybody, and
his teachers better than ever, and amidst all the fears about
the fever he never was afraid; he was well, though his father
and mother were both sick; but he didn't have any fears for this
world or the next.

       *       *       *       *       *



       *       *       *       *       *

MAINE, $531.65.

  Bangor. Central Cong. Ch. $200; Central Ch. Sab.
    Sch. $20; First Cong. Ch. $4                          $224.00
  Bath. T. E.                                                0.50
  Bethel. Ladies of First Cong. Ch. $10; Mrs. E.
    C. C. 50c.                                              10.50
  Blanchard. Daniel Blanchard                                5.00
  Blue Hill. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                             18.00
  Cumberland. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                            18.00
  Farmington. "A Friend"                                     1.00
  Hampden. Mrs. R. S. Curtis, $4; Chas. Hicks, $2            6.00
  Machias. "Ladies' Prayer Meeting," $5; E. G. L. and
    Mrs. W. C. H. $1                                         6.00
  Norridgewock. Cong. Ch. $50; Rev. B. T. $1                51.00
  Portland. State St. Cong. Ch., to const. MRS.
    L. M.'s                                                100.00
  Portland. Ladies of Bethel Ch. $16.15, _for
    Talladega C._, and bbl. of C; Mrs. L. D., 50c.          16.65
  South Freeport. Horatio Isley, $3; Rev. H. I., 50c.        3.50
  Standish. Cong. Ch.                                        2.50
  Thomaston. Cong. Ch. $1; Mrs. J. H. $1                     2.00
  Topsham. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                8.00
  Wells. Second Cong. Ch. and Soc. $25; First Cong.
    Ch. and individuals, $7                                 32.00
  Winslow. Cong. Ch.                                        21.00
  Winthrop. I. N. M.                                         1.00
  Woolwich. Cong. Ch.                                       13.00

NEW HAMPSHIRE, $1,974.11.

  Amherst. ESTATE of Eliza Kenney, by Geo. Kenney,
    Ex.                                                  1,515.60
  Atkinson. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              10.00
  Auburn. Cong. Ch.                                          9.00
  Bristol. H. T. A.                                          0.50
  Colebrook. Cong. Sab. Soc.                                 4.00
  Concord. First Cong Ch. and Soc.                          46.08
  Cornish Centre. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                        10.65
  Dunbarton. Cong. Ch. and Soc. $25; and Sab. Sch.
    $41                                                     66.00
  Exeter. "A Friend," for _Memorial Inst.,
    Wilmington, N. C._, and to const ABRAHAM A. TOWLE,
    MISS MARY GORDON and SIDNEY E. MCINTIRE L. M.'s        100.00
  Exeter. M. E. S.                                           1.00
  Francestown. Cong. Ch. and Soc. $25; Dea. M. B.
    Fisher, $5; C. B. R., 50c.                              30.50
  Hampstead. Cong. Ch.                                      15.85
  Hancock. Mrs. Mary H. Washburn                             5.00
  Hanover Centre. Cong. Ch.                                  9.00
  Hopkinton. D. S.                                           0.60
  Keene. First Cong. Sab. Sch. $65.33; Elisha Rand, $5;
    S. P. Cook, $2;---- 50c.                                72.83
  Kensington. Cong. Sab. Sch.                                2.00
  Marlborough. Ladies, b. of C. and $2. _for Freight_        2.00
  Nashua. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          17.86
  New Ipswich. J. W. C.                                      0.50
  Stratham. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              24.36
  Sullivan. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              10.00
  Troy. M. W. Wheeler                                        2.50
  West Lebanon. Cong. Ch. and Soc. $17.28; O. S. M.
    and Dea. H. F. $1                                       18.28

VERMONT, $624.92.

  Bradford. R. F.                                            0.50
  Brandon. Cong. Ch.                                        23.17
  Burlington. J. P.                                          0.50
  Cabot. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                 11.40
  Cambridge. Madison Safford                                89.88
  Cambridge. Mrs. Mary Waterhouse, $5; John Kinsley,
    $5; Jesse Mudgett, $3                                   13.00
  Chester. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                               27.00
  East Hardwick. Ladies, by J. D. Bell                       2.25
  Essex. Mrs. L. C. B.                                       1.00
  Hartford. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                             107.17
  Jericho Centre. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                        20.05
  Johnson. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                               13.50
  Ludlow. Mrs. L. H. C.                                      1.00
  Lunenburgh. Cong. Ch. and Soc. $8; Mrs. S. S. J. 50c.      8.50
  Manchester. Cong. Ch. and Soc. to const. REV. ALBERT
    C. REED L. M.                                           50.50
  North Ferrisburgh. ESTATE of Sylvia Dean, by J. M.
    and W. L. Dean, Executors                               18.00
  North Thetford. Mrs. E. G. Baxter                          2.00
  Peacham. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                               36.43
  Peru. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                  11.33
  Pittsford. Mrs. N. P. Humphrey                            10.00
  Pomfret. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                4.00
  Richmond. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              14.37
  Roxbory. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                               12.55
  Saint Johnsbury. South Cong. Ch.                          95.06
  Saxton's River. Mrs. A. C.                                 1.00
  Shelburn. James D. Duncan, bal. to const. FANNY E.
  DUNCAN L. M.                                               5.00
  South Royalston. Rev. S. K. B. P. $1; Dea. A. S. P.
    $1                                                       2.00
  Townshend. Mrs. Annie Rice                                 5.00
  Waitsfield. Cong. Ch. and Soc. $13.71; Mrs. A. B.
    Fish. $5; S. H. R. $1                                   19.71
  Weathersfield Centre. Mrs. E. Chamberlin                   5.00
  Westminster. Cong. Ch.                                     9.05


  Acton. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                 20.00
  Andover. E. J. P. $1; Mrs. F. R. B. 50c.; Miss S.
    E. J. 50c.                                               2.00
  Ashburnham. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                            28.28
  Ashfield. Ladies of Cong. Ch., bbl. of C., and $2.50
    _for Freight_                                            2.50
  Auburndale. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                           123.36
  Belchertown. Mrs. R. W. Walker                             5.00
  Boston. S. D. Smith, $200;----, $5; Mrs. N. B.
    Curtis, $200; Mt. Vernon Ch. and Soc. $155.05;
    Union Ch. and Soc. $82.16; Chas. Nichols, $30, to
    const. MRS. W. W. FROST L. M.; Mrs. L. A. Bradbury,
    25c.                                                   697.21
  Boston Highlands. Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. REV.
    ALBERT E. DUNNING L. M.                                 45.00
  Boxborough. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                             8.00
  Boylston. Ladies, bbl. of C.
  Bradford. Young Ladies of Bradford Sem.                   23.50
  Brocton. "Sab. Sch. Teacher." $6;--"A Friend," $2.50.
    _for City Mission Work, Nashville, Tenn._; Mrs. B.
    Sandford, Jr., bbl. of C.; Porter Sab. Sch. bundle
    of C.                                                    8.50
  Brookline. H. R. N.                                        2.00
  Buckland. A. Thayer                                        1.00
  Cambridgeport. Pilgrim Ch, $146.25; Ladies of Pilgrim
    Ch. bbl. of C. and $1.25 _for Freight_; Mrs. G. D.
    C. 50c.                                                148.00
  Campello.----, $10 _for City Mission Work, Nashville,
    Tenn._                                                  10.00
  Charlestown. Ivory Littlefield                            40.00
  Chelsea. First Cong. Ch. and Soc. $68.96; Third Cong.
    Ch. and Soc. $19.87                                     88.83
  Coleraine. Mrs. P. B. S.                                   1.00
  Danvers. First Cong. Ch. and Soc. $92.22; Maple St.
    Sab. Sch. $20                                          112.22
  East Bridgewater. Mrs. S. D. Shaw                          3.00
  Easthampton. Payson Cong. Ch.                            427.58
  East Weymouth. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                         10.00
  Fitchburg. Rollstone Cong. Ch. by Mrs. C. W. Hubbard,
    $10; Rollstone Cong. Ch. by "A Friend," $10             20.00
  Freetown. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              30.00
  Groton. Elizabeth Farnsworth                              10.00
  Hanover. Second Cong. Ch. and Soc.                        29.25
  Harwich. 2 bbls. of C.
  Holbrook. Mrs. C. S. Holbrook and Daughter,
    2 bbls. of C. and $10 _for Freight_                     10.00
  Holliston. A. W. M.                                        0.51
  Hopkinton. First Cong. Sab. Sch. $54;--Cong. Sab.
    Sch. $25, _for Student Aid, Talladega C._; Ladies,
    box of C.                                               79.00
  Indian Orchard. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                        22.58
  Ipswich. W. E. K.                                          0.50
  Jamaica Plain. "A Friend,"                                 4.00
  Lakeville. B. K.                                           1.00
  Lawrence. Central Cong. Ch.                               35.00
  Leicester. Mrs. C. C. Partridge                            5.00
  Littleton. Ladies, box of C.
  Lowell. E. S. Hunt, $10; C. C. B., $1; Mrs S. L. P.,
    50c.                                                    11.50
  Lynn. Central Cong. Ch. and Soc., $25.65; First Cong.
    Ch. and Soc., $7.50                                     33.15
  Malden. First Ch. and Soc., $43.91; Rev. J. C.,
    50c.                                                    44.41
  Marlborough. W. N. H.                                      1.00
  Methuen. A. P. C.                                          0.50
  Merrimac. John K. Sargent                                  2.00
  Middleborough. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          8.98
  Milford. B. of C.
  Millbury. Second Cong. Ch. and Soc.                       13.41
  Natick. First Cong. Sab. Sch., _for a Teacher_            50.00
  New Bedford. "A Lady Friend,"                             20.00
  Newburyport. Mrs. Sarah W. Hale, $100; Philip H.
    Lunt, $25.50; Whitefield Cong. Ch., $9.70; Miss
    P. N., 60 cents                                        135.80
  Newton. Elliot Ch. and Soc.                               17.32
  North Abington. Barrel of C., and $1.50
    _for City Mission Work, Nashville, Tenn._                1.50
  Northampton. "A Friend," $150; W. K. Wright, $30         180.00
  North Adams. Cong. Ch.                                    26.57
  Northborough. Evan. Cong. Ch. _for Student Aid,
    Atlanta U._                                             50.00
  North Brookfield. Union Ch. and Friends                   46.55
  Norton. Trin. Cong. Ch. and Soc., $38.85; and Sab.
    Sch., $15                                               53.85
  North Leominster. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                      15.74
  North Woburn. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          14.35
  Oxford. First Cong. Sab. Sch.                             15.28
  Pepperell. Cong. Ch. by John Loring                       10.00
  Plymouth. C. W. P.                                         0.50
  Randolph. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              76.37
  Reading. Old South Cong. Ch.                               9.00
  Rockland.---- $50 _for City Mission Work, Nashville,
    Tenn._                                                  50.00
  Royalston. Ladies' Soc., 2 bbls. of C.
  Salem. J. P. A.                                            0.50
  Saxonville. Ladies of Edward Ch., 2 bbls. C.
  Scituate. Mrs. Ellen M. Green, to const. REV. WM. B.
    GREEN L. M.                                             30.00
  Sharon. B. of C.
  Sheffield. First Cong. Soc.                               16.31
  Somerville. Miss M. C. S.                                  1.00
  South Abington. Ladies' Sewing Circle, $50; Miss S.
    H. Champney, $5; Miss C. H. Whitman, $4, _for City
    Mission Work, Nashville, Tenn._                         59.00
  Southampton. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                           14.53
  South Attleboro. Mrs. Harriet Draper, b. of C.
  South Boston. Phillips Cong. Ch.                          51.59
  South Deerfield. Mrs. M. B. Richardson                     0.50
  South Framingham. Central Cong. Ch. _ad'l_                25.00
  Stockbridge. Cong. Ch.                                    58.02
  Stoughton. Mrs. B. E. Capen, $2; Cong. Ch. and Soc.,
    $1.10                                                    3.10
  Sunderland. Dorcas Soc., _for Atlanta U._                  5.00
  Sutton. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                24.75
  Topsfield. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                             65.00
  Townsend. Cong. Ch. and Soc., $13.25; S. F. W., 50c.      13.75
  Wakefield. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                             90.48
  Watertown. Mrs. J. G. Robinson, $1.20; Others, $1;
    Corban Soc. 2 bbls. of C.                                2.20
  Westborough. Rev. J. W. B.                                 0.60
  West Boylston. Cong. Ch. and Soc. $63; C. F. W. $1        64.00
  Westford. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                              13.00
  Westfield. Miss E. B. Dickinson, $50; Mrs. J. F.,
    $1                                                      51.00
  West Haverhill. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                         6.50
  West Medford. Cong. Ch., $16.48; "A Friend," $5           21.48
  West Medway. Cong. Sab. Sch.                              26.48
  Westminster. Mrs. H. G. Whitney                            5.00
  Whitinsville. S. A. D.                                     0.50
  Williamstown. First Cong. Ch.                              5.00
  Winchendon. "A Friend of the Freedmen," $50; "A
    Friend," $5.--Atlanta Soc. _for Atlanta U._,
    $4.--Mrs. M. D. B., $1                                  60.00
  Woburn. Mrs. M. J. Keyes (_Memorial offering_) to
    const. MISS R. M. LEATH, L. M.                          30.00
  Worcester. Plymouth Ch. (of which $2 _for Berea
    C._), $48.21; "A Friend," $1; Mrs. M. P. J., 50c.       49.71

RHODE ISLAND, $152.76.

  Barrington. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                            50.00
  Peace Dale. Cong. Ch.                                     10.00
  Providence. Pilgrims Cong. Ch. $89.16; Ladies, b.
    of C. and $2.50 _for Freight_; R. D. & Co., 50c.;
    S. P. P., 60c.                                          92.76

CONNECTICUT, $1,478.83.

  Abington. Cong. Ch. (of which $1 from S. C.)              10.00
  Avon. M. E. B.                                             1.00
  Berlin. Cong. Ch.                                         12.09
  Bethel. Samuel Kyle                                        9.75
  Branford. Cong. Ch.                                       15.00
  Bridgeport. "A Friend," $25; Park St. Cong. Ch. $13;
    Theo. Quittmeyer, $5                                    43.00
  Brookfield Centre. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                     13.00
  Clinton. Cong. Ch. and Soc. to const. ALVA
    H. PIERSON and DYEE C. MANWARREN, L. M.'s               73.99
  New Preston. Cong. Ch.                                    31.00
  Colchester. Mrs. M. J. G.                                  0.50
  Collinsville. Mrs Edward Sears, _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                           10.00
  Cornwall. Cong. Ch. $7.18; G. H. C. 60c.                   7.78
  Danbury. Second Cong. Ch.                                  3.00
  Durham. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          30.83
  Eastford. Cong. Ch. $10.69; and Sab. Sch.
    $2.39                                                   13.08
  East Hartford. First Cong. Ch.                            12.00
  Ellington. Edwin Talcott                                   5.00
  Enfield. North Cong. Sab. Sch. and Soc.                    5.00
  East Wallingford. Mrs Benj. Hall                           2.00
  Greenwich. Miss Sarah Mead                               100.00
  Groton. Cong. Ch.                                          6.00
  Haddam. Cong. Ch.                                         10.00
  Hamden. "Friends," $8; H. H. 50c.                          8.50
  Hanover. Cong. Ch. and Soc. to const. REV.
    Hartford. Students of Theo. Sem. $28.26--Mrs.
    Benton, $10, _for City Mission Work, Nashville,
    Tenn._--Mrs J. O. $1                                    39.26
  Hebron. Cong. Soc.                                        21.08
  Higganum. Cong. Soc.                                      20.00
  Lebanon. L. H.                                             1.00
  Lisbon. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                                 8.06
  Madison. Cong. Ch.                                         1.85
  Middletown. First Ch.                                     26.25
  Milford. First Ch. and Soc.                                5.30
  Milton. Cong. Ch.                                          5.00
  Morris. Cong. Ch.                                          7.00
  Moodus. Mrs Eugene W. Chaffee, $5.00; Amasa Day
    Chaffee, $3.56                                           8.56
  Mount Carmel. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid,
    Atlanta U._                                             50.00
  New Haven. Third Cong. Ch. $22.78; Amos Townsend,
    $40; "A Friend," $3; Individuals, $1.50, by S. S.
    T.; C. A. S., $1.10; Mrs H. C., 51c.                    68.89
  New London. First Ch., Quarterly Coll.                    48.90
  New Milford. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                           58.75
  Newtown. Miss E. Leavenworth                               5.00
  North Greenwich. Cong. Ch. and Soc. to const. MRS.
    MARY J. KNAPP L. M.                                     38.66
  North Stamford. Mrs. Emily Waterbury's Sab. Sch.
    Class                                                    5.00
  Norwich Town. First Cong. Ch.                             20.00
  Old Lyme. Mrs. Mary Sill, Package of bedding and $1
    _for Freight_                                            1.00
  Plainville. Cong. Ch. and Soc. to const. DANIEL CLARK
    L. M.                                                   43.00
  Poquonock. "A Friend."                                     2.00
  Saybrook. Second Cong. Ch.                                17.00
  Somers. Cong. Ch. $12.85; C. B. P. 50c.                   13.35
  South Norwalk. Mrs. G. P. A.                               0.50
  Southport. Cong. Ch.                                      98.41
  South Windsor. First Cong. Ch.                            25.00
  Stafford. Mrs T. H. Thresher                               1.50
  Stanwich. "A Friend."                                      1.00
  Stonington. Second Cong. Ch.                              57.00
  Suffield. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                        13.34
  Taftville. Cong. Ch.                                      10.00
  Thomaston. Cong. Ch.                                      21.15
  Thompsonville. Dennis Pease                                2.00
  Tolland. J. L. C.                                          1.00
  Washington. "Mrs. S. N. and Others," $14.50; F. A.
    F., $1                                                  15.50
  Westfield. Cong. Ch. and Soc. to const. GEORGE E.
    DANIELSON L. M.                                         45.00
  Westford. Cong. Ch.                                        6.00
  West Hartford. Cong. Ch.                                   0.68
  West Haven. Mrs. E. C. Kimball                             5.00
  West Meriden. W. E. Benham                                10.00
  West Winsted. Second Cong. Ch.                            60.23
  Wethersfield. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          35.15
  Windsor Locks. Mrs. C. E. Chaffee                         25.00
  Windsted. Cong. Ch.                                       46.94
  Winthrop. Miss C. R. and Mrs. M. A. J.                     1.00

NEW YORK, $1,191.38.

  Adams. Mrs. D. R. S. C.                                    1.00
  Alfred Centre. Mrs. Ida F. Kenyon                          5.00
  Binghamton. W. Halbert                                     5.00
  Brooklyn. Clinton Av. Cong. Ch.                          404.28
  Canandaigua. "A Friend."                                   3.00
  Chateaugay. Joseph Shaw                                    5.00
  Clifton Springs Sanitarium. "H. G."                        5.00
  Coxsackie. P. H. Silvester                                 5.00
  Deansville. "L."                                           5.00
  Dryden. S. O. C.                                           0.45
  Durham. Mrs. H. Ingraham                                   2.00
  Eden. Mrs. Hannah McNett                                   2.00
  Ellenville. Mrs. M. B. Holt                                5.00
  East Bloomfield. R. B. Goodwin                             6.00
  Fairport. Cong. Ch.                                       40.00
  Franklin. Mrs. I. H. Penfield                              2.00
  Fulton. "A Friend."                                        1.00
  Gaines. BEQUEST of Ellen C. Bidelman, by Charles
    Bidelman, Ex.                                          200.00
  Goshen. "A Friend."                                        1.00
  Jamesport. Ladies of Cong. Ch. bbl. of C.
  Marcellus. Mrs. L. H.                                      1.00
  Mexico. M. Midlam                                          3.00
  Moravia. Cong. Ch.                                         3.81
  Mount Vernon. I. Van Santvoord                            10.00
  Felts Mills. Joel A. Hubbard                              30.00
  New York. Mrs. H. Ireland, $100 _for Indian
    M._--J. S. Holt, $10; "I. M. H.," $3; E. S., 50c.      113.50
  Niagara. First Cong. Ch.                                  10.00
  Niagara Falls. Dea. Wm. H. Childs                         10.00
  Oriskany Falls. Joseph C. Griggs                          24.00
  Ovid. David W. Kinne                                      10.00
  Palmyra. Mrs. Mary A. Woodward, $30; L.
    H. Foster, $5; G. G. J., $1; A. L., $1                  37.00
  Perry Centre. Ladies' Benev. Soc., $14.50;
    and b. of C., by Mrs. G. K. Sheldon, Soc.               14.50
  Penn Yan. First Presb. Ch., _for Student Aid, Atlanta
    U._                                                     18.00
  Ransomville. John Powley                                   5.00
  Rushford. W. W.                                            0.51
  Sag Harbor. Charles N. Brown, to const. MRS. JOHN H.
    HUNT L. M.                                              30.00
  Saratoga Springs. Nathan Hickok, $2; Mrs. A. M. W.
    and Mrs. S. S., $1                                       3.00
  Spencerport. Cong. Ch. Sab. Sch.                          14.25
  Verona. Roswell Sage                                     100.00
  Warsaw. Cong. Ch.                                         19.58
  West Bloomfield. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                       28.50
  West Camden. E. M. H.                                      1.00
  West Chazy. Rev. L. Prindle                                5.00
  Windsor. Rev. J. S. P., $1; Mrs. J. W., $1                 2.00

NEW JERSEY, $65.50.

  Avondale. G. R.                                            0.50
  Newark. "A Friend," $10; Individuals, by R. D.
    Weeks, $4.50                                            14.50
  Westfield. Mrs. J. W. Champlin, $50, _for
    Student Aid, Talladega C._--Mrs. J. W. C., 50c.         50.50


  Allentown. Rev. C. M.                                      1.00
  Canton. H. Sheldon                                         5.00
  Clark. Mrs. E. Dickson and Miss Eliza Dickson             25.00
  Kennett Square. H. M. D.                                   1.00
  Providence. Welsh Cong. Ch. and Soc.                       2.00
  West Alexander.----                                       10.00

OHIO, $342.47.

  Austinburgh. Cong. Ch., _for Tougaloo, Miss._             10.00
  Berea. James S. Smedley                                    5.00
  Benton. ESTATE of Gervase Spring, by P. Hitchcock,
    Ex.                                                     50.00
  Burton. Cong. Ch., _for Tougaloo, Miss._                   6.60
  Cardington. D. C. H.                                       0.50
  Cincinnati. Rev. R. S. R.                                  0.50
  Clarendon. Mrs. and Miss Barber, _for Tougaloo,
    Miss._                                                   2.00
  Cleveland. Euclid Ave. Cong. Ch., _for Tougaloo,
    Miss._                                                  20.00
  Collamer. M. Wemple                                        2.00
  Cuyahoga Falls. Cong. Ch., $11.40; R. J. T., $1           12.40
  Four Corners. First Cong. Ch.                              4.65
  Geneva. Mrs. Susan Webster, $5; W. C. P. $1                6.00
  Greensburgh. Mrs. H. B. Harrington                        10.00
  Greenfield. Wm. Smith                                      5.00
  Hampden. Cong. Ch. _for Tougaloo, Miss._                   3.85
  Harrison. Dr. J. D. Bowles                                 5.00
  Hudson. D. Trowbridge                                      4.00
  Huntsburgh. Cong. Ch. $13; Mr. and Mrs. Q.
    Phelps, $4; Mrs. V. R. P. _for Indian M._, $1           18.00
  Leetonia. D. A. G.                                         1.00
  Lenox. Cong. Ch. _for Tougaloo, Miss._                     6.49
  Madison. Mrs. Brewster, $2; Wm. H. $1; Rev. J. G.
    F., $1. _for Tougaloo, Miss._--Mrs. H. K. B., $1         5.00
  Mansfield. Miss S. M. S.                                   0.50
  Marietta. Rev. L. M. P.                                    0.50
  Marysville. R. L. Wilcox                                   1.00
  Medina. Ladies' Benev. Soc. _for Student Aid,
    Tougaloo, Miss._                                         7.60
  Newark. T. M. and Others                                   1.50
  North Eaton. Mrs. M. Oakes                                 1.00
  Norwalk. Rev. A. N.                                        1.00
  Parisville. D. D.                                          0.50
  Radnor. Troedshewdar Welsh Cong. Ch. $12.16; Edward
    D. Jones, $5                                            17.16
  Ruggles. First Cong. Ch. $25.30; C. B. Ruggles, $3;
    Mrs. Charlotte Ruggles, $2                              30.30
  Sandusky. M. L. P.                                         0.25
  Saybrook. Cong. Ch., _for Tougaloo, Miss._                 8.17
  Sharon Centre. Miss E. L. Rogers                           5.00
  Strongsville. E. Lyman, $10; L. S. $1, _for Tougaloo,
    Miss._                                                  11.00
  Sulphur Springs. Jacob Schnell, $5; M. Murphy, $2
    _for Tougaloo, Miss._                                    7.00
  Twinsburg. Cong. Sab. Sch. _for Student Aid, Atlanta
    U._                                                     18.00
  Wardsworth. George Lyman                                  10.00
  Wauseon. Cong. Ch.                                        14.50
  Wellington. S. R. Lanndon, $10; Rev. J. H. Daly,
    $5; E. F. Webster, $5; C. Phelps, $3; S. E.
    Wilcox, $1.50; H. W., $1; J. H. W., $1, _for
    Tougaloo, Miss._                                        26.50
  Welshfield. Mrs. M. P.                                     0.50
  Willoughby. Mrs. C. A. G.                                  0.50
  Wooster. Daniel Bates                                      2.00


  Evansville. A. L. R.                                       1.00
  Liber. J. R. Wells                                         5.00

ILLINOIS, $382.75.

  Chicago. First Cong. Ch. Mon. Con.                        25.43
  Dover. Dea. Geo. Wells                                     5.00
  Farmington. Phineas Chapman                               44.00
  Galesburg. ESTATE of Warren C. Willard, by Prof. T.
    R. Willard, Ex.                                          6.50
  Geneseo. Young Ladies' Miss. Soc.                          8.00
  Highlands. Cong. Ch.                                      25.00
  Kankakee. F. S. H.                                         1.00
  Kewanee. C. L. C.                                          1.00
  Lodi. Cong. Ch.                                            5.00
  Oak Park. Cong. Ch.                                       27.55
  Payson. Cong. Ch. ($25 of which from Rev. S. A.
    Wallace)                                                30.00
  Plainfield. J. N.                                          1.00
  Polo. Mrs. P. and daughter, _for City Mission Work,
    Nashville, Tenn._                                       10.00
  Port Byron. Ladies, by Mrs. H. _for Tougaloo,
    Miss._                                                   2.50
  Quincy. L. Kingman                                         5.00
  Ridgefield. J. Oakey                                       1.50
  Rochelle. W. H. H.                                         0.50
  Rockford. Second Cong. Ch.                               151.77
  Rockford. Ladies of First Cong Ch. _for Student Aid,
    Talladega. C._                                          15.00
  Roscoe. Cong. Ch. _ad'l_                                   1.00
  Rosemond. Cong. Ch.                                        5.00
  Turner. Mrs. R. Currier                                    5.00
  Wankegan. Young Ladies' Miss. Soc.                         5.00
  Wheaton. J. H.                                             1.00

MICHIGAN, $1,134.31.

  Adrian. ESTATE of Sarah M. Wolcott, by W. W.
    Brewster, Ex.                                          912.17
  Alpena. Miss J. F. F.                                      0.50
  Dexter. Dennis Warner                                     10.00
  Flint. I. C.                                               1.00
  Greenville. Cong. Ch.                                     42.24
  Joyfield. "Friends," by Rev. J. S. Fisher                 12.00
  Kalamazoo. First Cong. Ch, $48.67 to const.
    MRS. MARY LATTA L. M.; Mrs. H. C. B., 50 cents          49.17
  Lansing. A. C. Gower                                      25.00
  Milford. First Cong. Ch. and Soc.                          1.00
  Morenci. Mrs. L. A. Van Antwerp                            5.00
  Summit. Ladies' Aux. Soc.                                  4.23
  Whitehall. Cong. Ch.                                       7.00
  Vassar. Mrs. O. W. Selden                                  5.00
  Vermontville. Young Ladies' M. and S. Soc., _for
    Talladega C._                                           60.00

IOWA, $159.03.

  Bowen's Prairie. Cong. Sab. Sch. concert                   1.00
  Chester. Cong. Ch. $19.17; Ladies of Cong. Ch.,
    bbl. of C. _for Straight U._ & $2 _for freight_         21.17
  Des Moines. Rev. M. N. Miles and family,
    Thanksgiving offering                                    7.00
  Dubuque. Cong. Ch.                                        37.00
  Fairfax. First Cong. Ch.                                   9.00
  Floris. "Mary and Martha,"                                 2.00
  Genoa Bluff. Cong. Ch.                                     7.35
  Grinnell. Cong. Ch.                                       32.00
  Iowa City. Annie Overholt                                 10.00
  Lewis. Cong. Ch.                                          11.83
  Mendon. Four Mile House Sab. Sch.                          4.95
  Monticello. "Children's Band," _for Mendi M._              0.23
  New Hampton. Ladies' Miss. Soc.                            1.50
  Osage. A. W.                                               0.50
  Parkersburgh. Cong. Ch.                                    5.00
  Shenandoah. Rev. W. P.                                     0.50
  Sherrill's Mount. Rev. J. R.                               1.00
  Spencer. Cong. Ch.                                         2.00
  Union. Cong. Ch.                                           5.00

WISCONSIN, $109.87.

  Baraboo. Mrs. C. P.                                        0.50
  Beloit. Second Cong. Ch., $8.47; First Cong Ch.
    _ad'l_, $1                                               9.47
  Manitowoc. Mrs. M. W. Mabbs                                5.00
  Milton. Cong. Ch.                                         12.30
  Milwaukee. Spring St. Cong. Ch., $34.10; Horace G.
    Story, $5                                               39.10
  Pewaukee. Cong. Ch.                                       13.00
  Rockland. Thomas H. Eynon                                  5.50
  Whitewater. Cong. Sab. Sen. _for Student Aid, Fisk
    U._                                                     25.00

KANSAS, $1.00.

  Burlingame. "A Friend,"                                    1.00

MINNESOTA, $161.13.

  Austin. Cong. Ch.                                         23.64
  Faribault. Cong. Ch.                                      42.05
  Mankato. Cong. Ch.                                         4.20
  Minneapolis. Plymouth Ch.                                 15.23
  Morris. Cong. Ch.                                          1.33
  Northfield. Cong. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid,
    Talladega C._                                           33.68
  Plainview. Cong. Ch., $34, and Sab. Sch., $6              40.00
  Saint Peter. Rev. T. S. W.                                 1.00

NEBRASKA, $26.25.

  Columbus. Mrs. T. C.                                       0.50
  Green Island. Cong. Ch.                                    5.00
  Milford. Rev. H. A. French                                 5.00
  Nebraska City. "A Friend," $11.; Woman's Miss.
    Soc. $3.--K. W. S. S. Class, $1.50 _for Cal. Chinese
    M._--Little boys, 25c. _for Dakota Indian M._           15.75

COLORADO, $17.80

  Denver. First Cong. Ch. $17.30; J. L. P. 50c.             17.80


  Index. W. B. Wills, $10; Others, $2                       12.00
  North Springfield. Cong, Sab. Sch.                        10.00
  Saint Louis. First Cong. Ch. _ad'l_                        2.00
  Sedalia. Cong. Ch.                                         7.00
  Warrensburg. Rent                                          4.00


  Baltimore. First Cong. Ch.                               100.00


  Point Isabel. S. R. D. _for Tougaloo, Miss._               0.50

TENNESSEE, $22.40.

  Memphis. Le Moyne Sch.                                    22.40


  Franklinton. M. A. H.                                      1.00
  Raleigh. Washington Sch.                                  23.00
  Wilmington. Normal Sch. $113; First Cong. Ch.
    $5.65                                                  118.65


  Charleston. Avery Inst.                                  289.25

GEORGIA, $575.15.

  Atlanta. Storrs Sch., $486.65; Atlanta University,
    $87.50                                                 574.15
  Brunswick. Risley School, _for Mendi M._                   1.00

ALABAMA, $300.25.

  Mobile. Emerson Inst.                                     24.25
  Montgomery. Pub. Sch. Fund                               175.06
  Selma. Rent, $100; E. C. S., $1                          101.00


  Duck Hill. "Friends," by R. McCutcheon, _for
    Tougaloo Miss._                                          2.25
  Tougaloo. Tougaloo U., $14.25; D. I. M., 50c.             14.75

CALIFORNIA, $227.65.

  San Francisco. Receipts of the California Chinese
    Mission                                                227.65

----, $2.

  ---- ----. "A Friend."                                     2.00

CANADA, $10.

  Sherbrooke. Thomas S. Morey                               10.00


  Glasgow. Col. S. F. Cooper, U. S. Consul, _for Fisk
    U._                                                     50.00


      Total                                             13,911.16
    Total from Oct. 1st to Dec. 31st                   $29,746.46

                                 H. W. HUBBARD, _Asst. Treas._

       *       *       *       *       *


  Belfast, Me. Wm. O. Poor                                  $5.00
  Bristol, N. H. "Friend,"                                   1.00
  Hanover, N. H. Rev. Samuel P. Leeds, D.D.                 25.00
  Harrisville, N. H. D. Farwell                              2.00
  Manchester, N. H. Rev. C. W. Wallace. D.D.                30.00
  Northwood, N. H. Rev. E. B. Pike                           5.00
  Castleton, Vt. Rev. E. T. Hooker                           5.00
  Amherst, Mass. Prof. J. K. Chickering                     25.00
  Andover, Mass. South Cong. Ch.                            50.00
  Attleborough, Mass. Ebenezer Carpenter to const. MRS.
    ABBY P. SEARS, L. M.'s                                 100.00
  Attleborough Falls. Mass. Central Cong. Ch. and
    Soc.                                                    25.00
  Easthampton, Mass. E. H. Sawyer, $100; Mrs.
    E. H. Sawyer, $100; Payson Cong. Ch. $41.62            241.62
  Fall River, Mass. Third Cong. Ch.                         25.00
  Jamaica Plain, Mass. Central Cong. Soc. ($30 of
    which from E. L. Tead to const. REV. EDWARD S.
    TEAD L. M.)                                            200.00
  Lawrence, Mass. Lawrence St. Ch.                          25.00
  Millbury, Mass. Second Cong. Ch., by Rev. J. L.
    Ewell                                                   50.00
  Newburyport, Mass. Philip H. Lunt                         25.00
  Newburyport, Mass. Prospect St. Ch.                       14.32
  Newton, Mass. J. K. Richardson                            10.00
  North Dighton, Mass. Cong. Ch.                            25.00
  Peabody, Mass. South Ch. and Soc.                        100.00
  Randolph, Mass. Rev. J. C. Labarre                       100.00
  Reading, Mass. "A Friend."                                 5.00
  South Plymouth, Mass. Rev. Asa Mann                        5.00
  South Weymouth, Mass. Rev. George F. Stanton              25.00
  Watertown, Mass. Rev. C. L. Woodworth to const. MISS
    T. CHADSEY L. M.'s                                     100.00
  Watertown, Mass. Miss L. P. Auld                           5.00
  Wellesley, Mass. L. B. Horton                             10.00
  Westford, Mass. Rev. E. R. Hodgman                         2.00
  Ansonia, Conn. Collected by Mrs. Mary Terry               25.00
  Berlin, Conn. Collected by Abby Hubbard                   30.00
  Bridgeport, Conn. Ladies, by Mrs. C. R. Palmer            27.50
  East Haddam, Conn. Ladies of Cong. Ch., by Mrs. E. E.
    McCall                                                  25.00
  Ellington, Conn. Edwin Talcott, to const. CHARLES
    TALCOTT, L. M.                                          25.00
  Enfield, Conn. Sabbath-school, by Miss A. E.
    Johnson                                                 25.00
  Fairfield, Conn. "Christmas Greetings."                    5.00
  Farmington, Conn. Cong. Ch.                               25.00
  Greenfield Hill, Conn. Cong. Ch.                          14.50
  Groton, Conn. Collected by Mrs. M. W. Brown               26.84
  Hanover, Conn. A few ladies, by Mrs. D. A.
    Allen                                                   25.00
  Killingly, Conn. E. F. Jencks                              5.00
  Moodus. Conn. Mrs. E. W. Chaffee, to const. AMASA DAY
    CHAFFEE, L. M.                                          25.00
  New Haven, Conn. "Christmas offering."                     2.00
  New London, Conn. Ladies of Second Cong. Ch.              25.00
  New Milford. Conn. Cong. Sab. Sen. $25;
    Collected by Mrs. Rev. J. B. Bonar, $23.25              48.25
  New Preston, Conn. "Friends," by Dea. S. J.
    Averill                                                 25.00
  Norfolk, Conn. "Friends."                                 25.00
  Norwich. Conn. M. Pierce                                 500.00
  Norwich, Conn. "A few Ladies of Broadway Ch." by
    Mrs. H. G. Ripley                                       17.00
  Norwich, Conn. Othniel Gager                              10.00
  Old Lyme, Conn. Individuals. Cong. Ch. by Mrs. N. S.
    Lee                                                     11.00
  Plainville, Conn. "Friends," by Mrs. L. P. Buell.
    ($30 of which to const. MRS. ELIZABETH C. CLAPP
    L. M.)                                                  46.00
  Pomfret, Conn. Collected by Mrs. C. E.
    Alexander                                               34.00
  Prospect, Conn. Cong. Ch.                                 25.00
  South Britain, Conn. Cong. Ch. and Soc.                   14.00
  Thomaston, Conn. "A Friend."                              20.00
  Watertown, Conn. "Friends," by Mrs. James
    Loveland                                                 6.00
  West Hartford, Conn. Cong. Ch.                            25.00
  Wethersfield, Conn. "Friends." by Mrs. Jane J.
    Robbins                                                 25.00
  Albany, N. Y. Cong. Ch. by Mrs. J. E. Bradley             25.00
  Brooklyn, N. Y. Mrs. A. S. Barnes                         25.00
  Fairport, N. Y. Mrs. C. H. Dickinson                      25.00
  Gainsville, N. Y. Collected by Mrs. B. F.
    Bristol                                                 25.00
  Hopkinton, N. Y. Mrs. T. H. Laughlin                      12.12
  New York. N. Y. "_The Advance_, by R. B. H."              50.00
  Rodman, N. Y. John S. Sill                                25.00
  Syracuse, N. Y. Ladies of Plymouth Cong. Ch. By Mrs.
    Rev. J. C. Holbrook                                     25.00
  Syracuse, N. Y. Mrs. R. Townsend                          20.00
  Newark, N. J. Rev. G. M. Boynton                          25.00
  Marietta, Ohio. A. S. Nye                                  2.00
  Orwell, Ohio. Rev. Wm. T. Richardson                       5.00
  Sandusky, Ohio. Mrs. M. L. Pool                            5.00
  St. Clairsville, Ohio. Wm. Lee, Sen.                      10.00
  Lyndon, Ill. John M. Hamilton, $2.50; Others,
    50c.                                                     3.00
  Plymouth, Ill. L. A. Cook                                 10.00
  Mattawan, Mich. Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Comstock                5.00
  Three Oaks, Mich. Mrs. C. J. Parry                        10.00
  Rosendale, Wis. DANIEL CLARK, to const. himself L.
    M.                                                      30.00
  Council Bluffs, Iowa. B. T.                                1.00
  Cawker City, Kansas. Collected by Mrs. H. H.
    Barr                                                     6.80
  Northfield, Minn. A. W. Skinner                            5.00
  Green Island, Neb. Mrs. C. Seccomb                         5.00
  Savannah, Ga. Miss E. A. Twichell                         10.00
  Baldwin Co., Ala. "Poor White"                             1.00
        Total                                            2,748.95
  Previously acknowledged in Nov. receipts               6,784.20
        Total                                            9,533.15


  East Hartford, Conn. Francis Hanmer                     $100.00
  Greenwich, Conn. Allen Howe, $25; L. P. Hubbard,
    $10; Joseph E. Brush, $5                                40.00
  Meriden, Conn. W. E. B. Benham, $10; Dea.
    Norman B. Wood, $5; Julius W. Yale, $5                  20.00
    MISS E. W. DAVENPORT, $30 each to const. themselves
    L. M.'s; Mrs. G. W. Bacon, $20; S. Wells Williams,
    $10; Miss M. J. Y., $1                                 121.00
  New Haven, Conn. Amos Townsend                            15.00
  Windsor Locks, Conn. Mrs. H. R. Coffin                    10.00
  Winsted, Conn. Mrs. Jennette C. Stillman                  10.00
  Fort Howard, Wis. Mrs. C. L. A. Tank                      25.00
      Total                                                341.00
  Previously acknowledged in Nov. receipts                 605.00
      Total                                                946.00


E. PALACHE, Treasurer.

_From Sept. 20th till Dec. 20th, 1878._

  1. From our auxiliaries:
    Petaluma--of which, from Miss M. C.
      Waterbury, for erection of school-room, $50          $59.15
    Stockton--Mrs. M. C. Brown, $2; L. Langdon, $2;
      M. S. Thresher, $2; Mrs. E. Hitchcock, $5; M. J.
      Nightingale, $2; Mrs. C. E. Ellsworth, $2; Chinese
      Pupils, $4                                            19.00
        Total                                               78.15

  2. From Annual Memberships--1877-'78:
    Grass Valley--Rev. G. F. G. Morgan                       2.00
    Oakland--Eleven Chinese brethren                        22.00
    Pescadero--Mrs. W. C. Merritt                            2.00
    Rio Vista--Rev. G. H. Smith                              2.00
    Sacramento--Mrs. S. Denton                               2.00
    San Francisco--Rev. T. K. Noble, $2; three Chinese
      brethren, $6                                           8.00

    Benicia--Mrs. C. A. Colby, $2; Mrs. L. M. Dougherty,
      $2; Mrs. N. P. Smith, $2                               6.00
    Oakland--Rev. S. V. Blakeslee, $2; Rev. G.
      Mooar, D.D., $2.50; Rev. J. T. Wills, $2               6.50
    Redwood--Rev. H. E. Jewett                               2.00
    Rio Vista--Mrs. J. H. Gardner                            2.00
  Riverside--Mrs. Ellen G. Cross                             2.00
  San Francisco--James E. Ager, $2; Mrs. T. K. Noble,
    $2; Mrs. E. D. Sawyer, $2; Dea. S. S. Smith, $2          8.00
  San Mateo--Rev. J. H. Warren, D.D., $2; Mrs.
    J. H. Warren, $2; Mrs. Edna M. Watkins, $2               6.00
      Total                                                 70.50

  3. From churches:
    Redwood Cong. Church                                    10.00
  San Francisco--Plymouth Church                            25.00
  San Francisco Bethany Church (Chinese)                     4.00
  Santa Cruz Cong. Church                                   10.00
      Total                                                 49.00

  4. From individuals:
    Benicia--Mrs. N. P. Smith                                5.00
    Bangor, Me.--Mrs. E. U. Coe                             25.00
      Total                                                 30.00
      Grand total                                         $227.65

       *       *       *       *       *

_The American Missionary Association._

       *       *       *       *       *


To preach the Gospel to the poor. It originated in a sympathy
with the almost friendless slaves. Since Emancipation it has
devoted its main efforts to preparing the FREEDMEN for their
duties as citizens and Christians in America and as missionaries
in Africa. As closely related to this, it seeks to benefit the
caste-persecuted CHINESE in America, and to co-operate with
the Government in its humane and Christian policy towards the
INDIANS. It has also a mission in AFRICA.


CHURCHES: _In the South_--In Va. 1; N. C., 5; S. C., 2; Ga., 12;
Ky., 7; Tenn., 4; Ala., 13; La., 12; Miss., 1; Kansas, 2; Texas,
5. _Africa_, 1. _Among the Indians_, 1. Total 66.

SOUTH.--_Chartered_: Hampton, Va.; Berea, Ky.; Talladega, Ala.;
Atlanta, Ga.; Nashville, Tenn.; Tougaloo, Miss.; New Orleans,
La.; and Austin, Texas, 8. _Graded or Normal Schools_: at
Wilmington, Raleigh, N. C.; Charleston, Greenwood, S. C.; Macon,
Atlanta, Ga.; Montgomery, Mobile, Athens, Selma, Ala.; Memphis,
Tenn., 11. _Other Schools_, 18. Total 37.

231; among the Chinese, 17; among the Indians, 17; in Africa,
14. Total, 279. STUDENTS--In Theology, 88; Law, 17; in College
Course, 106; in other studies, 7,018. Total 7,229. Scholars,
taught by former pupils of our schools, estimated at 100,000.
INDIANS under the care of the Association, 13,000.


1. A steady INCREASE of regular income to keep pace with the
growing work in the South. This increase can only be reached
by _regular_ and _larger_ contributions from the churches--the
feeble as well as the strong.

2. ADDITIONAL BUILDINGS for our higher educational institutions,
to accommodate the increasing numbers of students; MEETING
HOUSES, for the new churches we are organizing; MORE MINISTERS,
cultured and pious, for these churches.

3. HELP FOR YOUNG MEN, to be educated as ministers here and
missionaries to Africa--a pressing want.

Before sending boxes, always correspond with the nearest A. M. A.
office, as below.

  NEW YORK   H. W. Hubbard, Esq., 56 Reade Street.
  BOSTON     Rev. C. L. Woodworth, Room 21, Congregational House.
  CHICAGO    Rev. Jas. Powell, 112 West Washington Street.


This Magazine will be sent, gratuitously, if desired, to the
Missionaries of the Association; to Life Members; to all
clergymen who take up collections for the Association; to
Superintendents of Sabbath Schools; to College Libraries; to
Theological Seminaries; to Societies of Inquiry on Missions; and
to every donor who does not prefer to take it as a subscriber,
and contributes in a year not less than five dollars.

Those who wish to remember the AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION in
their last Will and Testament, are earnestly requested to use the


"I BEQUEATH to my executor (or executors) the sum of ____ dollars
in trust, to pay the same in ____ days after my decease to the
person who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurer of
the 'American Missionary Association' of New York City, to be
applied, under the direction of the Executive Committee of the
Association, to its charitable uses and purposes."

The Will should be attested by three witnesses [in some States
three are required--in other States only two], who should write
against their names, their places of residence [if in cities,
their street and number]. The following form of attestation will
answer for every State in the Union: "Signed, sealed, published
and declared by the said [A. B.] as his last Will and Testament,
in presence of us, who, at the request of the said A. B., and in
his presence, and in the presence of each other, have hereunto
subscribed our names as witnesses." In some States it is required
that the Will should be made at least two months before the death
of the testator.

       *       *       *       *       *

=SABBATH READING.=--Seeing that all Sunday magazines and the
greater part of religious weeklies have much secular matter in
them, especially advertisements, I have thought that there was an
obvious want of a weekly paper composed of matter of a high order
of excellence and interest, and wholly suitable for perusal on
the Sabbath day. Such a paper is SABBATH READING. Every number
contains a first-class sermon, which may be read in meetings
where there is no preaching service, or at home by persons
necessarily detained from church; also much excellent selected
matter, some of which is specially adapted for children.

SABBATH READING is a handsome small eight-page paper, suitable in
appearance for the parlor table, and suitable for binding at the
end of the year or half year. It is sent post-paid to any address
for 50 cents a year, and stops when subscription expires. A club
of five will be supplied for a year for two dollars.

This paper, which makes a most acceptable tractate for
distribution in prisons, poor-houses, asylums, ships, etc., or in
visitation from house to house, is sent post-paid to any part of
the continent at the rate of a dollar per 100 copies. Orders and
remittances to be sent to the undersigned.

                                                 JOHN DOUGALL,
                    WITNESS OFFICE, No. 7 Frankfort St., New York.

       *       *       *       *       *

=The Model Magazine.=--A combination of the entertaining, the
useful, and the beautiful, with fine art Engravings and Oil
Pictures in each number worth more than its cost.


Surpasses all former issues in brilliancy, variety, and
artistic excellence. It is the largest in form, the largest
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Illustrations, Music, Floriculture, Architecture, Household
Matters, Reliable Fashions, and Full-size Patterns, with other
rare and beautiful novelties calculated to improve the taste, and
make home attractive and happy. Single copies, 25c; Yearly, $3;
with choice from splendid premiums.

=More than extraordinary.=--A choice of double premiums for 1879.
The beautiful and highly prized Oil Pictures "The Lion's Bride,"
15x21 in.; "Rock of Ages," 15x21 in.; "Old Oaken Bucket," 17x26
in.; "After the Storm," 16x26 in.; or, "Captive Child," 17x26 in.
A selection of any two of these pictures to each subscriber at
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month. Address,

                    W. JENNINGS DEMOREST, 17 East 14th St., N. Y.

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=Pure Juice of the Grape; no Alcohol;= tested for years; received
=International Medal=. =T. H. JOHNSON, New Brunswick, N. J.=
National Temperance Society, 58 Reade St., N. Y.; Congregational
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    _A Scrap Book and 100 Elegant_


Of Birds, Flowers, Ferns, Animals, &c., sent by mail, post-paid,
on receipt of =$1.00=. The Pictures may be pasted in the book,
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_A Box of 24 Sheets of Ladies' Note Paper and 24 Envelopes mailed
for 25 Cents, or Extra Fine Laid & Plate Paper Finish for 50
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    =A. S. BARNES & CO.=



THE HYMN AND TUNE BOOK which stands the test. Revised and
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    Commentary on the New Testament

Illustrated and Popular, giving the latest views of the best
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A concise, strong and faithful Exposition in (8) =eight volumes=,


    =Gospel Temperance Hymnal.=


    Rev. J. E. RANKIN, D.D. and Rev. E. S. LORENZ.

Endorsed by =FRANCIS MURPHY=, and used exclusively in his

This is the first practicable Collection of Hymns and Tunes
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    =New York and Chicago.=

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    =Theological and S. S. Books.=

Immense stock. Good and cheap. Special attention given to
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The current version is strictly followed, the only peculiarity
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  J. L. HALSEY, Secretary.
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    _Complete, only $4.69._

[Illustration: engraving of lamp]



  Imported only by

    1, 2, 3, 12, 13, 15, 16 & 17
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  59 Wall St., New York,
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Issue, against cash deposited, or satisfactory guarantee of

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In DOLLARS for use in the United States and adjacent countries,
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These Credits, bearing the signature of the holder, afford a
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Application for Credits may be made to either of the above houses
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=They also issue Commercial Credits, make Cable transfers of
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    =Middletown, Conn.,=

[Illustration: (engraving of pump)]



Highest Medal awarded them by the Universal Exposition at Paris,
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Founded in 1832.

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_For Sale by all Regular Dealers._

Transcribers Notes:

Salvavation changed to salvation on Page 62. (for the captain of
his salvation)

Obvious punctuation errors corrected.

Drawn lines within the body of the advertisements were removed,
leaving only lines of asterisks between to clarify the separation
of one advertisement from the next.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The American Missionary — Volume 33, No. 02, February, 1879" ***

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