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Title: Portraits of Dr. William Harvey
Author: Medicine, Royal Society of
Language: English
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                               PORTRAITS

                                  OF

                          DR. WILLIAM HARVEY

                 PUBLISHED FOR THE HISTORICAL SECTION
                   OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF MEDICINE
                                  BY
                           HUMPHREY MILFORD

                        OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
               LONDON NEW YORK TORONTO MELBOURNE BOMBAY

                                 1913



                                OXFORD

                        PLATES AND LETTERPRESS

                    PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS

                            BY HORACE HART



PREFACE


The Council of the Royal Society of Medicine determined in 1912 to form
a section for the study of the History of Medicine. The section
immediately became popular, and one of its first actions was to arrange
for the issue of occasional fasciculi dealing with such subjects in
medical history as did not lend themselves readily to discussion. Mr.
William Roberts pointed out in 1903 that the iconography of medical men
had not yet received adequate attention, and he published (_The
Athenaeum_, No. 3960, Sept. 19, 1903, p. 388) an account of the
portraits of Dr. William Harvey which was afterwards revised and
reissued in Dr. Weir Mitchell’s privately printed _Some Memoranda in
regard to William Harvey, M.D._ (New York, 1907). This account of the
portraits of William Harvey was not illustrated, but it showed that many
pictures existed. The Council of the Historical Section directed their
Secretaries to obtain photographs of some of the portraits and write a
short account of each, whilst they invited their President to
superintend the reproductions in such a manner as to enable them to be
issued at a moderate cost to those who wished to know how the great
master of physiology appeared to his contemporaries. The present
fasciculus is the result. It proves that the undoubted and contemporary
portraits of Harvey are more numerous than was expected, either because
‘the honest little Doctor’ liked to have his picture painted, or, as is
the more likely, because he could not resist the importunity of artists
whom he must often have desired to help pecuniarily. Numerous portraits
of gentlemen of the seventeenth century with peaked beards and white
collars also exist, and some of them are labelled with Harvey’s name. A
comparison with the genuine portraits shows that these spurious ones can
be divided into two groups: those which may have been portraits of
Harvey’s brothers, supposing that a family likeness existed, and those
which are clearly not portraits of any member of the Harvey family even
though they are labelled with William Harvey’s name.

The genuine portraits, as they are seen in this collection, arranged in
the order of apparent age, show that Harvey had a long face, not unlike
that of Charles I, with refined features, and that his expression,
always thoughtful, became one of settled melancholy as he grew older.
His hands especially seem to have attracted the attention of the better
painters; wonderfully shapely with long, thin, and nervous fingers, they
seem made for delicate dissection and experimental work. His dress was a
reflex of his character--in earlier years rich but not gaudy; in later
years--after the execution of the King his master--always in sad colours
relieved by muslin or lawn of the finest quality for collar and
wristbands, but never again with lace or embroidery. A man of deep
feeling, prone to anger, of the smallest stature, on the whole lovable
when he was not racked by gout or sciatica.

The section of the History of Medicine owes its best thanks to those
gentlemen who have allowed photographs to be made of the portraits in
their possession, as well as to Mr. William Fleming of the Royal College
of Physicians of London, to Mr. Sidney H. Badcock of St. Bartholomew’s
Hospital, to Mr. Emery Walker, and to the Clarendon Press, with its
courteous Controller, for much help willingly given.

_July, 1913._



CONTENTS


                                                                    PAGE

    I. Portrait in University College, London                          2

   II.  ”      ”  the Royal College of Physicians (aet. su. 50)        4

  III.  ”      ”  Merton College, Oxford                               6

   IV.  ”      ”  the Royal College of Physicians                      8

    V.  ”      ”  the possession of General Sir Francis Lloyd, K.C.B. 10

   VI.  ”     at Caius College, Cambridge                             12

  VII.  ”     in the Aberdeen Medico-Chirurgical Society              14

 VIII.  ”     in the Bodleian Library                                 16

   IX.  ”     in the possession of the Rev. J. Franck Bright, D.D.    19

    X.  ”     in the Royal College of Physicians (Janssen’s)          22

   XI.  ”     in the possession of Mr. D’Arcy Power (aet. su. 61)     25

  XII.  ”     in the possession of the Royal Society                  28

 XIII. Faithorne’s Bust                                               30

  XIV. The King’s Weston Portrait                                     33

   XV. Portrait in the National Portrait Gallery                      36

  XVI. Portrait in the Erich Galleries, New York                      38

 XVII. Portrait in the possession of J. P. Cobbold, Esq.              40

XVIII and XIX. Bust in Hempstead Church, Essex                        42

   XX. Harvey’s Coffin                                                44

   A List of Engraved Portraits, Busts, and Statues                   45



I

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, LONDON


Head and shoulders directed to the right, head turned and looking at the
spectator; very long hair which falls over the shoulders and forehead,
dark tinged with grey, thick moustache and beard; full face, fresh
coloured; blue eyes; dark dress or cloak, the folds of which are
apparently supported by his arms and wrist.

Canvas 25 in. by 21 in., inscribed in top left-hand corner, ‘Quis
ignorat figura Socratem.’

Exhibited at South Kensington 1866, No. 756, and engraved for the
_Leisure Hour_, November 6, 1880.

Bequeathed in 1854 to University College, Gower Street, by Mr. George
Field. It was in the possession of Mr. John Linnell Bond, architect to
Sir E. Harvey, to whom it descended through Dr. Harvey’s second brother.
The portrait is attributed to M. C. Mierevelt (1567-1641).

Willis, in his _Life_ of Harvey, says, ‘The fine picture in the Museum
of University College, London, is certainly not a portrait of Harvey.’ A
verdict which appears correct.

[Illustration: I]



II

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS

IN THE SECRETARY’S ROOM.


A bust in an oval, bearing the inscription, ‘William Harvey M.D. Cam.
F.C.P. 1607; aetatis suae 50 Anº. Dom. 1628.’ Harvey is represented
wearing a closely-fitting jacket with long sleeves. The jacket is
buttoned down the front; the buttonholes and the armholes of the sleeves
are ornamented with gold embroidery. He wears a lawn collar open in
front and without tassels. The hair, beard, and moustache are just
becoming grizzled. In the background, on the dexter side, a table with
books, and a skull upon it is seen indistinctly: on the sinister is an
‘anatomical table’ of the arterial circulation similar to that which is
still in the Royal College of Physicians.

The portrait is painted on a panel, and the size inside the frame is 27
in. by 21 in. It was bought in London for the College by Dr. J. F. Payne
on January 19, 1909.

Information kindly supplied by Mr. W. Fleming, Bedell and Secretary.

[Illustration: II]



III

MERTON COLLEGE


A bust three-quarters to the left; plain dark robe with falling collar
embroidered at edge and no tassels. The face is thinner, the hair
greyer, the collar is wider, and there is more hair on the chin than in
the Bodleian portrait. (No. VIII.)

The picture was the gift of Mr. George Hammond to the College.

The portrait is ascribed to Janssen, and Mr. Roberts says, ‘it is
probably a replica of a picture which has not been traced.’

Size 30 in. by 25 in.

[Illustration: III]



IV

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS

HANGING IN THE DINING-ROOM OF THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF LONDON.


A portrait of Harvey showing the head and shoulders, nearly full face
but turned slightly towards the right of the spectator. He is dressed in
a Doctor’s gown with a plain white linen collar without tassels. The
hair, moustache, and beard are more grizzled than in No. III and he
appears to be a man of about 55-58.

The portrait is painted on canvas and measures 23½ in. by 19½ in. inside
the frame, which is decorated with the Harvey coat of arms. It was
bought in London in 1905 by the College on the recommendation of Dr.
Theodore Williams. It resembles, but is not identical with, the portrait
engraved by Houbraken after Bemmel at the cost of I. and P. Knapton in
1739, during the lifetime of Dr. Richard Mead.

[Illustration: IV]



V

THE ROLLS PARK PORTRAIT


This portrait, attributed to William Dobson (1610-1646), is in the
possession of General Sir Francis Lloyd, K.C.B., D.S.O., to whom the
best thanks of the Society are tendered for the loan of the negative
from which the collotype was made. The picture was formerly at Rolls
Park, Essex, and was removed to Aston Hall, Oswestry, Salop by Captain
Richard Lloyd, one of the lineal descendants of the Harvey family
through his mother, a daughter of Admiral Sir Eliab Harvey. It appears
very doubtful whether the portrait was ever intended to represent Dr.
William Harvey.

[Illustration: V]



VI

CAIUS COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE


A half-length hanging in the Fellows’ Combination Room at Caius College,
Cambridge. It represents Harvey looking almost full-faced at the
spectator. He wears a dark jacket with a large white linen collar. The
face is not so thin or worn as in some of the other portraits, and is
apparently that of a younger man. The hair is scanty on the top of the
head, but he is wearing his moustache and beard in the shape made
familiar by other portraits.

The painting measures 23½ in, by 20½ in. It was given to the College in
1798 by the Earl of Leicester, afterwards Marquis of Townshend. The
painter is unknown.

Information received from the Master of the College--Dr. Hugh Kerr
Anderson F.R.S.--and from Dr. J. Venn, F.R.S.

[Illustration: VI]



VII

ABERDEEN PORTRAIT


A bust with falling collar, no tassels. The collar embroidered at the
edge as in the portrait at Merton College, Oxford. The hair is scantier
and the face is that of an older man than in the Merton College Portrait
(No. III).

This picture was presented to the Aberdeen Medico-Chirurgical Society by
Sir Walter Farquhar on July 4, 1815, with the statement that it had been
given to him ‘some time ago’ by Lord Besborough.

The photograph from which the collotype was made was kindly lent by Dr.
Matthew Hay, Professor of Forensic Medicine and Public Health in the
University of Aberdeen.

[Illustration: VII]



VIII

BODLEIAN LIBRARY PORTRAIT


The Bodleian Library at Oxford contains a portrait of William Harvey
ascribed to J. Wollaston. It is a bust, three-quarters to left; long
grey hair, brushed back off the forehead, grey moustache and tuft on
chin; face deeply lined; white falling collar with tassel; black gown;
painted in an oval spandrel. A canvas 30 in. by 25 in.

Given to the University by Humphrey Bartholomew of University College in
1735 in his set of eight doctors.

The portrait is similar, but not exactly so, to a mezzotint by McArdell.
(_Catalogue of Oxford Portraits._ Compiled by Mrs. Reginald Lane Poole,
vol. i, p. 51, No. 126, Oxford, 1812.)

[Illustration: VIII]



IX

DR. FRANCK BRIGHT’S PORTRAIT OF HARVEY


This portrait is undoubtedly the most pleasing picture of Dr. William
Harvey. It is owned by the Rev. James Franck Bright, D.D., formerly
Master of University College, Oxford. The picture is at Hollow Hill,
Ditchingham, Norfolk, and the Historical Section is greatly indebted to
Dr. Bright for lending the negative from which this collotype has been
made. The picture was inherited from Dr. Richard Bright (1789-1858),
physician to Guy’s Hospital, to whom it was given by Sir Francis Milman,
M.D. (1746-1821). It is unsigned and has always been attributed to Sir
Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), though several later critics prefer to
think that it was painted by William van Bemmel (1630-1708).

It is a three-quarter length on canvas measuring 4 ft. 3½ in. by 3 ft.
4½ in., and represents Harvey standing and leaning lightly upon a crutch
stick which he holds in his right hand, whilst in his left is a
handkerchief with a gold fringe. He is dressed soberly in black with the
plain white collar. The hair is iron-grey and long, as we know that he
usually wore it. The face is small, drawn, pointed, with a good strong
brow and forehead and a delicate mouth, shaded but not concealed by the
small moustache and slightly peaked beard. The expression is remarkably
thoughtful and almost suffering, for the painter has represented the
mood in which Dr. Ent found him, when in reply to the question, ‘Satin’
salva omnia?’ he gave the noble answer, ‘Qui possint, ubi turbarum plena
respublica, egoque adhuc ipsemet in alto mari?’ The hands are singularly
delicate and are most beautifully painted, with much character. There is
no background to the picture, but in the right top quarter of the canvas
is painted the coat armour usually assigned to the Harvey family,
complete with crest and motto, which are not elsewhere given. The arms
are those of the ancient Harvy family quartered with the coat used by
Sir Daniel Harvey of Coombe Hill, Surrey, viz. Argent, two bars wavy,
sable on a chief of the last three crosses patée fitchée or; and or, a
chief indented sable, three crescents argent. The crest is the ‘stemma’
of the lighted candle entwined by two serpents and the motto ‘piu
(H)arde, piu Splend(ide)’. The crest is a specially interesting feature
of the armorial bearings, for it is similar to the ‘stemma’ or memorial
to Harvey discovered at Padua in 1893 and described by Prof. Darwin in
the Cambridge Antiquarian Society’s _Communications_, vol. viii (1894).
The motto, too, does not appear elsewhere, so it may be assumed that
these armorial bearings were adopted by William Harvey for his
individual use. It is interesting to speculate whether the ‘stemma’ at
Padua was placed in position when Harvey was a student and was thus
prophetic, or whether it was not put into the cloister by his order when
he visited Padua many years later and had already made his name as ‘a
medical light’, in which case the crest is merely symbolic.

[Illustration: IX]



X

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS

(In the Large Library)

OIL PAINTING BY CORNELIUS JANSSEN


Three-quarter figure, sitting in a large arm-chair, directed to the
left; three-quarter face, looking at the spectator; in gown, the arms of
which are fastened with braided loops; the plum-coloured velvet sleeves
of the under-coat have reversed cuffs. The left hand rests on a stone
parapet, the finger outstretched as if in demonstration; the right hand
holds a doctor’s hat, which rests between the knees and is held
sideways. The face is thin and long, with a small peaked beard and
scanty grey hair. There is a stone pillar in the middle background;
curtain to right, clouds to left. Size of canvas 52 in. by 42 in.

The pedigree and authenticity of this portrait are incontestable, as it
was one of the three pictures saved at the Great Fire of London in 1666,
which destroyed the College of Physicians then situated in Amen Corner.
It is possible that the portrait was expressly painted for the College
and it may have been a gift from Harvey himself. It is a pleasing
picture spoilt by the right hand, which is so painted as to make it seem
deformed.

The painter Cornelius Janssen or Janson van Keulen (1590-1664) lived in
England from about 1618, until 1648, and was for the whole of that time
a popular portrait painter. There are several reputed Janssen portraits
of Harvey, some at least of which may have been painted as replicas by
one or other of Janssen’s pupils.

[Illustration: X]



XI

MR. D’ARCY POWER’S PORTRAIT OF HARVEY


A three-quarter length of Harvey on a panel measuring 15½ in. x 12½ in.
Harvey is represented standing in his study, with his left hand resting
upon a table whereon is spread a diagram of the arterial system. He is
clothed in a long-sleeved, damascened waistcoat confined at the waist by
a belt, with collar and wristbands of point lace. Over all he wears a
long gown heavily trimmed with fur. The background is a green curtain
partially drawn aside to show the shelves of his study, and on the
curtain is an inscription in red letters: ‘Gulielmus Harveus M.D. Aet.
sue 61, 1639.’ The accessories are interesting. On the table a watch
keeps down the edge of the diagram to prevent it folding up. There is an
inkstand with a quill pen in it and a terrestrial globe. Immediately
behind the table is a shelf on which is a simple microscope fitted with
a coarse and fine adjustment, a retort partly filled with fluid, a pair
of scissors, a dissecting-knife, and a sheet of paper. The bookcase
consists of six wooden shelves divided by a median partition. The
lowermost shelf has a urine-glass and a minim measure. In the partition
nearest Harvey are two flasks, one containing a green, the other a red
fluid; a wide-mouthed jar covered with parchment--the jar is
earthenware--and behind it are two square bottles like case-bottles. A
quire of loose paper leans against it. On the other side of the
partition of this lower shelf are two bottles, one unstoppered, the
other stoppered, filled respectively with a red and green fluid. There
is also an object like a catherine wheel. The second shelf from the
bottom contains thirteen dumpy duodecimo volumes bound uniformly in
parchment, whilst upon the other side of the partition are three quarto
volumes well bound in morocco and piled one upon the other. The third
shelf from the bottom is filled with books, four of which are smaller
than the rest. The fourth shelf is wholly filled with books except for a
space showing where one has been removed. The fifth shelf contains books
of various sizes. On the top shelf are two skulls, a square case upon
which stands a stoppered phial filled with some red substance, and four
earthenware jars whose mouths are closed with parchment covers tied on.
The picture is unsigned. It is painted in the traditional style, where
much attention was paid to the minute details of dress and accessories,
so that the work became almost that of a miniaturist. The face is
clearly that of Harvey, a little lined, beard and moustache of the usual
cut, hair worn long, partly hidden by a skull-cap. It represents Harvey
in his happier days when as yet the King his master was alive, for in
1639--the date of the picture--he had just been appointed Senior
Physician in Ordinary to the King, a post which carried with it those
lodgings at Whitehall pillaged by the mob in 1642, when his goods were
stolen and his papers scattered. The picture may show these very
lodgings. In spite of its appearance of age there is reason to doubt
whether it is a contemporary portrait.

[Illustration: XI]



XII

ROYAL SOCIETY PORTRAIT


A half-figure directed to the left, three-quarter face, looking at the
spectator, in dark close-fitting cloak with a row of closely-placed
buttons in the centre, white collar (which meets at the throat and is
cut square) without tassels, black skull-cap, which almost entirely
covers the hair, except at the left side; grey moustache, slight grey
hair on lower chin. Size about 30 in. by 25 in. It probably represents
Harvey between fifty and sixty years of age.

This portrait is stated in C. R. Weed’s _Descriptive Catalogue of the
Portraits in the Possession of the Royal Society_, 1860, p. 36, to be by
De Reyn, but in the numerous engravings of it the painter is given as
Janssen. It was presented to the Royal Society by the Rev. John
Mapletoft, M.D. (1631-1721), who was elected F.R.S. February 10, 1675-6.
The collotype is made from a steel engraving of the picture.

Jan de Reyn (1610-1678) was a pupil of Van Dyck, whom he accompanied to
England and after whose death in 1641 he returned to his home at
Dunkirk.

[Illustration: XII]



XIII

FAITHORNE’S BUST


A copy of the bust of Harvey by William Faithorne (the elder)
(1616-1691). The bust, without the pedestal and allegorical figures,
forms the frontispiece to the English edition of _The Anatomical
Exercitations concerning the Generation of Living Creatures_, published
during Harvey’s lifetime in 1653. The likeness is probably a good one,
as Faithorne was personally known to Harvey and he was one of the most
distinguished engravers and portrait painters of his time. It should
therefore represent Harvey as he appeared at the age of 65 or 66 years.

[Illustration: XIII]



XIV

THE KING’S WESTON PORTRAIT


This portrait is at King’s Weston House near Bristol in Gloucestershire,
and is in the possession of P. Napier Miles, Esq., to whom the
Historical Section offers its grateful thanks for the facilities he has
offered for obtaining a successful photograph. Thanks are also given to
Dr. J. A. Nixon of Clifton, who has spared himself no trouble to obtain
the photograph from which the present collotype was made.

The picture is an oil-painting on canvas measuring 40 in. by 28 in. It
is let into the wall on the right-hand side of the fireplace, with the
light of the great west or north-west window falling full upon it. It is
surrounded by a plaster moulding grained in imitation of a light wooden
frame. The portrait is that of an old man--nearer 80 than 70--with a
small oval face, hollow-cheeked and wide-browed. The face is deeply
lined and the eyes sunken. The beard is pointed, the hair grey, scantier
and more nearly white than in Janssen’s picture at the Royal College of
Physicians. The whole expression is one of fatigue. He is sitting in a
chair at a table, clothed in black and bare-headed. His gown is
short-sleeved, without strings or buttons. The sleeves of a more shiny
(velvet?) jacket or doublet show below the short sleeves of the gown.
They end in a narrow white linen cuff, which is turned back to a depth
of about half an inch. The gown, which is edged with fur, is open in
front and shows the breast of a black velvet jacket, which is quite
plain, without buttons or join in front. Round the neck is a soft white
collar, smoothly turned down and not rumpled as in Janssen’s picture.
The linen of the collar and cuffs is of delicate texture, as is shown by
its transparency. Harvey is represented sitting in a chair at a table,
with the right hand resting upon a book, in old calf binding without
lettering, which stands on end with its back to the spectator. The hands
are exquisitely painted, small and very life-like. It is almost possible
to feel the difference between the grasp of the right hand, which holds
the book, and that of the left, which lies negligently on the end of the
arm of the chair. The face, which is turned three-quarters to the left,
has very decided high lights on the forehead and left cheek. The table
is on the left side of the picture, and the colour of the chair, table
cover--which is naturally indented by the knee of the sitter--and book
are all of a light brown. The chair resembles that in Janssen’s
picture. It has become brown with age, but was perhaps originally pink.
The background of the picture, which is without detail, is of a neutral
brown tint, which lies between raw sienna and burnt umber, and is almost
identical with the colour of the chair and table, which are thus
rendered inconspicuous, though the figure is thereby thrown into relief.
The canvas is labelled ‘Dr. Harvey’ in bold letters at the top
right-hand corner. A copy in oils, 15 in. by 12 in., was made for Dr.
Nixon and is signed ‘Frank Holmes, Clifton, 1913’.

Miss Russell, an aunt of Lord de Clifford, who formerly owned King’s
Weston, writes: ‘The pictures in the Great Hall at King’s Weston near
Bristol, formerly the seat of the Southwell family, were placed there by
Mr. Edward Southwell, who died in 1755. They are all to be accounted
family portraits except two hung together, one of Dr. William Harvey,
the other of Sir Heneage Finch, Earl of Nottingham, and the connection
of these two is easily accounted for. Sir Robert Southwell, the “Ned
Southwell” of Swift’s letters (1635-1702), principal Secretary of State
for Ireland under William III and five times President of the Royal
Society from 1690, studied medicine at Oxford--whilst Harvey was at
Merton College--and anatomy abroad. He married on 26th January, 1664,
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Dering of Surrenden-Dering in
Kent--a “very pretty woman” according to Pepys--whose mother was a
daughter of Daniel Harvey, Dr. William Harvey’s brother. Elizabeth,
another daughter of Daniel Harvey, married Heneage Finch. The two
portraits therefore are those of Lady Southwell’s Grand-uncle and
Uncle.’ The Rev. Richard Warner, in his _Excursions from Bath_, 1801,
attributes the picture to Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), and as it is
clearly in his earlier style it is modelled on the style of Van Dyck, to
whom it has been attributed. Van Dyck, however, died in December, 1641,
and Harvey was not so old or worn at this time.

[Illustration: XIV]



XV

NATIONAL PORTRAIT GALLERY


A half-length figure seated in a large arm-chair, directed to the right;
three-quarter face, looking at the spectator; in dark velvet coat or
cloak with closely arranged row of buttons in the centre; the coat or
cloak with six rows of braided bands, cut square at the elbows. A
lighter sleeve is shown with narrow white cuffs or wristbands. The right
hand is resting on a pillar and holds a cap, which is upright; the left
hand rests on the arm of the chair. The falling collar has no tassels.
The eyes are small and dark, the complexion sallow, and the features
worn; the hair, moustache, and chin-tuft are white. There is a general
resemblance to Harvey, but the face is too round, and the hands are
certainly not like the hands portrayed in the other pictures.

The canvas measures 38½ in. by 31 in. and is inscribed ‘Gulielmus
(Magnus ille) Harveius’. It was purchased from the trustees of J. O.
Else in January, 1859, and is partly reproduced in the facsimile issue
of _An Anatomical Dissertation upon the Movement of the Heart and Blood
in Animals_. Privately printed for G. Moreton, Canterbury, 1894.

[Illustration: XV]



XVI

PORTRAIT FROM THE ERICH GALLERIES


Head and shoulders, to the right, nearly full face; wearing a dark gown
with wide falling collar and tassels loosely tied. The face is
thoughtful, with a full moustache and pointed beard. Head covered with a
skull-cap allowing the hair to escape below it and exposing a wide brow.
The canvas is signed very obscurely in the corner, just above the right
shoulder, ‘C. J. 1641’. It is attributed to Janssen and was bought by
Mr. Erich at a sale. It appears doubtful whether the portrait represents
Dr. William Harvey.

Size 30 in. by 25 in.

[Illustration: XVI]



XVII

MR. COBBOLD’S PORTRAIT OF HARVEY


A half-length, standing, full face. If this is a portrait of Harvey it
represents him as a much older man than many of the others, untrimmed,
dishevelled, and altogether different from the spruce, well-groomed man
who is usually represented.

The portrait is in the possession of John P. Cobbold, Esq., of
Holywells, Ipswich, who has very courteously supplied the photograph
from which the present collotype has been made. Dr. John Ogle (Harveian
Oration for 1880, p. 118) states--without mentioning his authority--that
the picture formerly belonged to the Earl of Winchilsea. It was copied
by the Rev. Richard Cobbold, a former member of Caius College,
Cambridge, and the copy was presented by him to the College in 1843.

[Illustration: XVII]



XVIII AND XIX

BUST IN HEMPSTEAD CHURCH


The bust is placed in the wall of the church at Hempstead and forms part
of a marble monument with a long inscription in Latin. The bust was
carefully examined some years ago by Mr. Thomas Woolner, R.A., who came
to the conclusion that it was made from a death-mask. He says of it,
‘The features presented by the bust are clearly those of a dead face.
The sculptor exhibits no knowledge of sculpture except when he was
copying what was directly before him. With the cast of the face for his
copy he has shown true artistic delineation, but all that he has been
obliged to add to make up the bust is of the worst possible quality. The
ears are placed entirely out of position, the large, redundant head of
hair is altogether out of character, imaginary, and badly executed, and
the drapery of the shoulders is simply despicable.’ The second collotype
[Pl. XIX] shows that the right ear is a mere hole pierced in the rough
marble block which forms the back of the head. No attempt is made to
supply the pinna.

[Illustration: XVIII]

[Illustration: XIX]



XX


A photograph of Harvey’s coffin taken about 1882. The coffin is shown
propped up in the vault of the Harvey chapel at Hempstead Church. It is
of lead with a rudely modelled face, a rope being twisted round the neck
and a plate upon the chest bearing the inscription

                                DOCTOR
                          WILLIAM + HARVEY +
                         DECEASED + THE + 3 +
                          OF + JUNE + 1657 +
                          AGED + 79 + YEARS.

The leaden shell with its contents was deposited in the marble
sarcophagus provided by the Royal College of Physicians of London on St.
Luke’s Day 1883.

The photograph from which the collotype was made was kindly sent by Mr.
Willoughby Arthur Blackstone, M.R.C.S. Eng., L.R.C.P.

[Illustration: XX]



ENGRAVED PORTRAITS


_The British Museum Catalogue of Engraved Portraits_, by Freeman
O’Donoghue, F.S.A. (Lond. 1910, vol. ii, p. 459), gives a list of the
Engraved Portraits of William Harvey, which has been enlarged by Mr.
Sidney H. Badcock, who has made a special study of the Harvey
Engravings.

     1. H.L. to R. in gown; oval frame with ornaments. Plate to Birch’s
     heads. Pub. Knapton, 1739, from the picture ‘in the collection of
     Dr. Mead’.

     Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, J. Houbraken.

     Line, 14⅛ x 8¾ in.

     One proof with artist’s name only; two lettered impressions. In the
     first edition the portrait has a very narrow margin. A few copies
     were published in parts with a wider margin. The plate was also
     published as a proof before letters, a proof with letters and a
     wide margin, and it was issued in both states on India paper. It
     was re-cut for the fourth edition of Birch published in 1813 with a
     margin of 2-2½ inches.

     2. A copy of the last with the ornaments; reversed and a square
     frame added to enclose the whole picture. Pub. G. Kearsly, 1777.
     From the _Copper-plate Magazine_.

     Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, T. Cook.

     Line, 5⅞ x 4⅜ in.

     3. Another copy with the ornaments; reversed. Plate to _Universal
     Magazine_. Pub. J. Hinton.

     Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, Anon.

     Line, 6¼ x 4 in.

     4. Another copy to L., nearly full face; in Doctor’s gown and
     collar with the strings tied: in an oval frame resting on a
     pedestal lettered ‘William Harvey M.D.’

     Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, T. Cook.

     Line, 5½ x 3⅝ in.

     5. Another copy, bust only to R.; oval, at head of an account of
     him. Plate to _Biographical Magazine_. Pub. Harrison & Co., 1795.

     Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, P. Audinet.

     Line, 1⅞ x 1½ in.

     6. Another copy, bust only to L.; without background; four Latin
     lines below.

     Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, Anon.

     Line.

     7. Nearly W.L. to R. seated, in gown, hat in r. hand. From the
     picture at the College of Physicians of London. Frontispiece to his
     _Opera Omnia_, 1766. Corn. Jonson, pinxt.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, J. Hall.

     Line, 7⅝ x 6⅜ in.

     8. Similar to the last but reversed.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, Anon.

     Line, 9¾ x 7 in.

     9. Similar to the last; H.L. only to L.; oval frame. Unfinished
     plate as left at McArdell’s death.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, J. McArdell.

     Mezz., 11 x 9 in.

     10. Similar to the last; H.L. to L. Collar, with tassels tied, and
     doctor’s gown. Pub. Laurie and Whittle, 1794. Van Dyck, pinxt.

     This appears to be the re-worked plate from which No. 9 was printed
     with the incorrect attribution to Van Dyck.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, J. McArdell.

     Mezz. 13 x 9 in.

     11. Similar to last but to R. Proof before any inscription.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, (?).

     Mezz. 3⅛ x 2½ in.

     12. Similar, head only, R. Vignette 1878. Proof before any
     inscription.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, C. H. Jeens.

     13. H.L. to L. in skull-cap. From picture belonging to the Royal
     Society. Plate in C. Knight’s _Portrait Gallery_, 1833.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, E. Scriven.

     Stipple, 5 x 4½ in.

     Also published by Wm. S. Orr, London.

     14. Sculptured bust on pedestal to R. Frontispiece to English
     translation of his _De Generatione Animalium_, 1653 (Fagan, p. 41).

     Engraver, W. Faithorne.

     Line, 5 x 3¼ in.

     15. Copy from the last. Circular medallion on pedestal supported by
     two allegorical figures with the title ‘Dr. Harvey’ and ‘page 553’
     in top right-hand corner. (Reproduced as Plate XIII, p. 30.)

     Line, 6¾ x 4½ in.

     16. Nearly W.L. to L., seated in an arm-chair, in gown, hat in
     right hand, with title ‘Gulielmus Harveius Doct. Professor regius
     Exercitationum Anatomicarum de Motu Cordis et sanguinis
     circulatione celeberrimus Auctor’. From the picture now in the
     National Portrait Gallery.

     Engraver, (W. Hollar (?)) or more probably by Gaywood.

     Etching, 7⅞ x 6 in.

     17. H.L. to L. in broad collar and skull-cap. Pub. J. W. Parker.

     Engraver, C. G. Lewis.

     Etching, 5¼ x 4⅝ in.

     18. W.L. to R., standing, holding tablet; vignette. Pub. 1815.
     (Fanciful.)

     Painter, G. B. Cipriani.

     19. Copy of No. 12. Sculptured bust on pedestal to R. Frontispiece
     to _William Harvey_, by R. Willis, M.D., 1878.

     Photogravure, Goupil & Cie.

     20. Similar to No. 10. Head only, to R. Frontispiece to _Lives of
     Physicians_, 1830.

     Painter, C. Janssen. Engraver, W. C. Edwards.

     Stipple, 3½ x 2⅞ in.

     21. H.L. to L., nearly full face, in doctor’s gown, with white
     collar and tassels. Lettered ‘William Harvey M.D.’ Pub. Arch.
     Fullerton & Co., Glasgow. Pub. in Cunningham’s _Lives of Eminent
     Englishmen_, 1835, and again in 1836.

     Engraver, S. Freeman.

     Line, 7 x 5 in.

     22. Bust in an oval, to R. Doctor’s gown and collar with tassels
     and strings tied. Pub. Ed. Harding, 1801.

     Sc. Harding.

     Stipple, 10½ x 8½ in.

     23. Vignette. Bust similar to No. 5, L. Pub. in _Physiognomical
     Portraits_.

     Painter, Bemmel. Holl., sculpt.

     Stipple, 2½ x 1¾ in.

     24. Bust, R. Square collar and buttoned surtout. Lettered
     ‘Guillaume Harvey’. Painter, Vigneron. Engraver, Engelman.

     Litho. 11 x 8¼ in.

     25. Bust, inscribed ‘William Harvey M.D.’ between two columns. It
     forms the upper half of the certificate given to pupils attending
     the Anatomical and Chirurgical lectures of Dr. William Hunter. The
     plate seems to have come into the possession afterwards of George
     Fordyce, M.D. (1736-1802), who used it for a similar purpose.

     Line, 11¼ x 8 in.

     26. Nearly W.L. to L., seated, in gown, hat in left hand. From
     picture at Royal College of Physicians. Pub. in Pettigrew’s
     _Portrait Gallery_, 1840. It was also published separately in proof
     and as a proof before letters.

     Painter, C. Jansons (_sic_). Engraver, J. Thomson.

     Printed by McQueen.

     Steel engraving, 3½ x 3¾ in.

     Janssen’s picture reversed.

     27. Reduced copy of No. 8. Frontispiece to _William Harvey_, by
     D’Arcy Power, 1897.

     Painter, Cornelius Jonson (_sic_). Engraver, Hall.

     Photo-sc., 3 x 3¼ in.

     28. Three-quarter length to R., standing, in gown, left hand on
     diagram of arterial system; apparatus, shelves, and books in the
     background.

     Painter, (?).

     Process block, 6¼ x 5 in.

     Presented to members of the Historical Section of the Royal Society
     of Medicine, Nov. 1912. See also Proceedings of the _Royal Society
     of Medicine_ (Section of History), 1912, vi, p. 31, Pl. II.

     29. Bust to L., in doctor’s gown. The base of the pedestal
     inscribed ‘Guil. Harvei illus.’

     Etching, 2⅞ x 2⅝ in.

     30. Bust to R.

     W. Read, sc.

     Engraving, 6¼ x 4⅛ in.

     31. Bust to L. The medal of the Edinburgh Hunterian Society with
     the lettering ‘In Gul. Harvei honorem MDCCLXXXII’.

     Etching, 2 x 1⅜ in.

     32. Bust to R., in doctor’s gown, with wide lace collar and strings
     untied. Pub. by C. Forster in the _Literary Magazine and British
     Review_, 1790.

     Painter, Bemmel, Sculpt., Blackberd.

     Line, 7 x 4½ in.

     33. Bust to R. as in No. 32. Pub. by J. Robins, 1830.

     Painter, Bemmel. Engraver, J. Thomson.

     Stipple, 7½ x 4½ in.

     34. Bust to L., nearly full face, in doctor’s gown with collar and
     strings tied, in an oval resting on a block which is lettered
     ‘William Harvey M.D.’ No name of painter or engraver.

     Line, 5⅞ x 3⅞ in.

     35. Bust to L., surtout buttoned, plain linen collar, no tassels,
     skull-cap. Lettered ‘W. Harvey M.D.’ Pub. by C. Knight in _Cabinet
     Portrait Gallery of British Worthies_, vol. vii, 1846.

     Etching, 3½ x 2½ in.

     36. ‘Harvey demonstrating to Charles Ist his theory of the
     Circulation of the Blood.’ From a painting by R. Hannah. Line
     engraving by H. Leman. Pub. Messrs. Lloyd Bros. & Co., 22 Ludgate
     Hill, 1851. (See the _Lancet_, 1851, i, p. 382.) Fanciful.

     37. ‘Harvey with the two children of Charles 1st at the battle of
     Edgehill 1642.’ Fanciful.

     W. F. Yeames, R.A., pinxt. H. Dixon, photo.

     Frontispiece to Dr. John W. Ogle’s Harveian Oration for 1881.

     38. Bust to L., surtout buttoned with plain white falling collar:
     no tassels: no skull-cap. From the portrait in the National
     Portrait Gallery. Pub. for G. Moreton, 42 Burgate Street,
     Canterbury, 1894.

     Photogravure, 5½ x 3¾ in.

     Portraits of Harvey are also reproduced in _Clinical Sketches_,
     Lond. 1895, vol. i, facing page 16; B. W. Richardson, _Disciples of
     Æsculapius_, 8vo, Lond. 1910, i. 13-19; A lithograph by Hart and
     Mapother, Louisville, Kentucky; Engraving, G. Johnson, pinxt, T.
     Coldwell (Lond.), 1799; Engraving, Göttingen, T. C. Dieterich,
     1789; Lithograph nach Hall von A. G. Eberhard; Engraving,
     Houbraken, pinxt., W. R. Jones, sc.


                                 BUSTS


     1. The monument in Hempstead Church near Saffron Walden in Essex.

     2. Peter Scheemakers’ (1691-1770) bust at the Royal College of
     Physicians, London. Presented by Dr. Mead in 1739. It was copied
     from an original picture in the possession of Dr. Mead.

     3. Coin in the British Museum. It was struck at Berlin in 1825 in
     honour of Blumenbach.

     4. Coin by Rogat.

     5. The medal of the Harveian Society of Edinburgh.


                                STATUES

                 Mr. Bruce Joy’s statue at Folkestone.

                    Statue in the Museum at Oxford.





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