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Title: In African Forest and Jungle
Author: Du Chaillu, Paul B. (Paul Belloni)
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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[Illustration: "_I saw peeping through the leaves a black fierce face
looking at us._"]

                           In African Forest
                              and Jungle


                            Paul Du Chaillu

                              _Author of_

   "King Mombo," "The World of the Great Forest," "The Viking Age,"
   "The Land of the Long Night," "Ivar the Viking," "The Land of the
     Midnight Sun," "Explorations in Equatorial Africa," "Stories
        of the Gorilla Country," "Wild Life under the Equator,"
              "Lost in the Jungle," "My Apingi Kingdom,"
                "The Country of the Dwarfs," etc., etc.

                    _Illustrated by Victor Perard_

                               New York,
                        Charles Scribner's Sons

                           _Copyright, 1903_

                      BY CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

                      _Published September, 1903_

                     UNIVERSITY PRESS, JOHN WILSON

                     AND SON · CAMBRIDGE, U. S. A.


                            CHAPTER I


  A canoe-voyage to the country of Rotembo the Chief--A toilet of
  ceremony--Rotembo's grotesque costume--A formal
  reception--Speeches of Rotembo and myself--A dance in my
  honor--My presents to the chief--We become good friends              1

                           CHAPTER II

  I propose to go into the forest to hunt--Rotembo promises me
  three gifts--Rogala, the famous hunter, the first of
  them--Description of Rogala--Andekko, the dog, the second
  gift--Ndova, the monkey, the third--How Ndova was captured and
  reared--I give Rotembo some of my hair                               8

                           CHAPTER III

  Preparations for departure--Off for forest and jungle--A herd of
  elephants--We camp for the night--Ndova calls monkeys of his
  tribe within range--We kill two of them--Feeding on roast
  monkey--A deserted house--A story of witchcraft                     21

                           CHAPTER IV

  The home of Rogala--His hunting-trophies--A weird spot--Aspect
  of the surrounding forest--Shinshooko and Alapai--Leopards in
  the neighborhood                                                    30

                            CHAPTER V

  We build a leopard trap--A night on the watch--The beast appears
  at last--Caught in the trap and soon despatched--Her mate killed
  the following night--Excitement of Andekko and Ndova                36

                           CHAPTER VI

  My hunters and I become great friends--Andekko and Ndova grow
  fond of me--We take Ndova into the forest--He calls monkeys to
  us again--Andekko's prowess as a hunter--A female gorilla and
  her baby--We kill the mamma and Andekko kills the baby              41

                           CHAPTER VII

  Fight between monkey tribes, nkagos and mondis--My gun puts both
  sides to flight--A visit from the bashikouay ants--Everything
  flies before them--We drive them off with firebrands and boiling
  water                                                               49

                          CHAPTER VIII

  Rogala's wife's parrot--I use it as a decoy--Parrots prove tough
  eating--The ngozos grow wary--Shinshooko discovers elephants in
  the neighborhood--We go after them and kill two                     54

                           CHAPTER IX

  We build a fortified camp in the depths of the forest--Structure
  of the camp--Laying in stores of provisions--Koola nuts--Source
  of my influence over the natives                                    62

                            CHAPTER X

  I take a swim in a crystal pool--Driven out by a huge snake--I
  kill the snake--Camp-fire talk--How to hunt--Importance of
  silence and noiseless movements                                     68

                           CHAPTER XI

  Another excursion--Footprints of gorillas (nginas)--Listening to
  the monsters' roaring--Two of them calling to each other--They
  gradually draw near to each other and to us--They meet and we
  sleep in the forest--Sudden appearance of the male
  ngina--Killing of the ngina and his mate                            72

                           CHAPTER XII

  Ndova as a test of poisonous fruits and berries--He discovers a
  beehive--A feast of honey--Andekko's usefulness in
  hunting--Koola nuts--We kill two wild boars--Capture of a baby
  "man of the woods"                                                  80

                          CHAPTER XIII

  Ndova's thoughtfulness--His winning and sportive ways--He feels
  lonely and calls for other monkeys to come to him--A troop of
  eleven appear--I frighten them away                                 91

                           CHAPTER XIV

  Uneasiness of Rogala--He fears the new moon may see and bewitch
  him--He builds a small house and hides in it--He has an attack
  of fever, which he ascribes to witchcraft                           96

                           CHAPTER XV

  Rogala leaves the camp--Non-appearance of Shinshooko and
  Alapai--What happened to Rogala on his journey--He returns after
  four days with a powerful mondah which he buries before the camp   103

                           CHAPTER XVI

  We discover a pair of nshiego-nkengos--Description of
  them--Capture of a young one--He makes friends with Ndova and
  Andekko--His speedy death                                          112

                          CHAPTER XVII

  My reckoning lost--Rogala and I go to an island where I can see
  the heavens--We reach it by a raft and build a house--Turtle's
  eggs in profusion                                                  119

                          CHAPTER XVIII

  Appearance of the southern heavens at night--Homesickness--I
  take several observations--Astonishment of Rogala--Find that I
  am ninety miles south of the equator                               125

                           CHAPTER XIX

  We cross the river and hide our axes--Ndova's fright at a
  python--Andekko finds a leopard's lair--We capture two leopard
  cubs--A visit from savages--They are frightened by my Waterbury
  clock                                                              131

                           CHAPTER XX

  Leave the island for our camp--Monkeys among the trees--Find
  everything untouched--I get lost following nginas--Am lucky
  enough to find koola nuts--Camp under the koola tree--Another
  night in the forest                                                139

                           CHAPTER XXI

  Plantain peelings to eat--Human footprints lead me to a
  village--The villagers evidently warlike--Admitted within the
  gate--Awe of the people at sight of the Oguizi                     145

                          CHAPTER XXII

  Alarm of my hunters at my absence--Rogala sets out to search for
  me--His superstitious terrors--Consults his ogana, or
  idol--Finds my traces at last and follows me to the village        150

                          CHAPTER XXIII

  Witchcraft proceedings of the Bakalais--Two of the class
  "bewitched"--A negro albino--The idol Makambo--Her dread
  appearance--Return to camp--Monkeys overrun the camp--I drive
  them off--Escape of Ndova--His unexpected return                   154

                          CHAPTER XXIV

  We come to the end of our provisions--Antelope skin boiled
  furnishes us a repast--Ndova decoys monkeys and we soon get food
  enough--Alapai finds fruits and nuts also                          160

                           CHAPTER XXV

  I find strange footprints on the banks of a rivulet--Rogala and
  I set off in pursuit--We find a man under a koola tree--Surprise
  and capture him--Terror of our captive--We take him to camp and
  discover he is a cannibal                                          164

                          CHAPTER XXVI

  Ndova falls sick--Stung by a scorpion or bitten by a
  centipede--Refuses to eat--Grows weaker in spite of all our care
  and nursing--One morning I find him dead--We make a coffin for
  him and bury him in the forest                                     173

                          CHAPTER XXVII

  I go hunting in the forest with Andekko--Disappearance of the
  dog--Sounds of a fierce conflict--I find Andekko fighting with a
  mandrill--He kills his enemy, but dies of his wounds--Buried in
  the forest                                                         178

                         CHAPTER XXVIII

  Our provisions fail--Attacked again by bashikouays--Release of
  Akenda-Mbani from his fetters--He proves a good
  trapper--"Gouamba"--My waking visions--Another hunting
  expedition--We kill two monkeys, then starve again                 181

                          CHAPTER XXIX

  Decide to break up our camp and return--Arrival at Rogala's
  home--I make myself a pair of skin trousers--Departure for
  Rotembo's village--Our grand reception and succeeding
  festivities--Rotembo's promise--Farewell                           189

                         List of Illustrations

  "I saw peeping through the leaves a black fierce face
  looking at us"                                         _Frontispiece_

  The meeting with Rotembo                               _Facing page_ 4

  Rogala and Andekko                                       "     "    12

  Ndova's mother tries to carry him away into the forest   "     "    18

  "We raised our guns and aimed at the two biggest
  white-nosed ones and fired"                              "     "    26

  "She looked at me in fear and trembling, and she and
  the children ran to hide"                                "     "    32

  "The leopard was slowly crawling near"                   "     "    38

  "We fired and brought him down"                          "     "    44

  "Boiling water and hot ashes were thrown upon the ants
  and we put brands across their path"                     "     "    52

  "Suddenly the bull made for the river"                   "     "    58

  "Gun in hand, I watched for him to swim to the surface
  of the water"                                            "     "    70

  "He put his nose close to her face and moaned
  pitifully"                                               "     "    88

  "Soon I saw their heads peeping over the palisades"      "     "    94

  Rogala and his idol                                      "     "    98

  "The two nshiego-nkengos had their backs turned towards
  us, and were eating pineapples"                          "     "   114

  "When the raft was ready Rogala, Ndova, and Andekko
  crossed to the island"                                   "     "   122

  "When I was ready to take observations, I seated myself
  cross-legged before the artificial horizon"              "     "   128

  "Rogala came out of the den holding two little live
  leopards by the neck"                                    "     "   136

  "Clearly this village belonged to a warlike tribe,
  whose people were always fighting"                       "     "   146

  "When I saw him, I came towards him, and in an instant
  we were in each other's arms"                            "     "   152

  "Suddenly Rogala uttered a terrific war-cry and ran
  towards the man"                                         "     "   168

  "He ate with us, and consequently had the same food"     "     "   174

  "Andekko had pinned the mandrill down and they were
  fighting savagely"                                       "     "   180

  "At the end of the day I had made a pair of skin
  trousers"                                                "     "   190




THE canoe that took me from King Mombo to Rotembo the Chief was a
dug-out made of a huge tree, and was of great length. On its prow was
carved the head of a growling leopard. It was paddled by forty men.
Rikimongani, the nephew of King Mombo, steered, and had the stick
Omemba (the snake) with him to show that he carried the message of his
uncle King Mombo to Rotembo the Chief.

Near the prow were two men who beat two tomtoms furiously almost all
the time, which was to show that they were on an important mission.

The sun was very hot, and the heat was intense. The black oily skins of
the men shone as if they had been eelskins. The river banks were lined
with mangrove trees, supported on their tall roots, and as the tide was
low, we could see multitudes of oysters growing round them.

We passed at last the region of the mangrove trees, which only grow
where the tide is felt and where the banks of the rivers are flat. Then
the banks of the Ogobai river became hilly and clad with the trees of
the forest to their very top. Here and there a flock of gray parrots
with red tails were feeding on fruits, or a troop of monkeys was seen.

The following day, as we were approaching the village of Rotembo the
Chief, we landed, and the men made their toilet so as to appear at
their best when they arrived at the village of Rotembo.

Rikimongani put a shirt on, and a high silk hat--this was the costume
he wore on state occasions. He was the best dressed man of the company.

Then we re-embarked, and as we paddled the men began to sing, and to
beat the tomtoms furiously. Soon the village of Rotembo came in sight.
Then the men sang louder than before, and their song was--

    "We come with the great Oguizi,
    The great friend of King Mombo,
    To Rotembo the great Chief;"

and they repeated these words over and over. They began to fire guns,
thus showing that they were on a great mission and that it was an
occasion worth wasting powder for.

As we came opposite the village of Rotembo, we suddenly turned towards
the land, with the head of our canoe facing the village. Rikimongani
stood up now so that the people on shore could recognize him. We landed
in the midst of singing, tomtom-beating, and gun-firing.

As my paddlers jumped out of the canoe, they shouted to the great
number of people that had come to look at us: "We are men! We are men!
We have come with the great Oguizi." Then all became silent, and we
passed through the people walking until we came to a large structure
with a roof supported by pillars. There we waited for Rotembo the Wise,
surrounded by hundreds of villagers.

Soon we heard the noise of the kendo, a rude iron bell, the emblem
of chiefs. Rotembo was coming. As he rang it, he invoked the spirits
of his ancestors to be with him, and soon I saw his tall erect form
walking towards us.

He kept beating the kendo, and at last came under the great shed and
walked towards the stool that was next to mine, then looked at me
without saying a word and seated himself.

Rotembo was dressed with a waistcoat, a shirt, and an old silk hat,
which to judge by its shape and shabbiness must have been at least
twenty-five years old. He was covered with mondahs, or charms, that he
believed had the power of preventing any harm from coming to him.

Then Rikimongani, with Omemba, the stick of King Mombo, in his hand,
delivered the words of King Mombo to his uncle, saying:

"My uncle King Mombo, who loves you dearly, sends the Oguizi to you.
You must take care of him, give him food and water and all he asks of
you. Let him go into the forest and hunt, and give him the best hunters
that you have. Let him have his own way, and when he gets tired of the
country, give him people, as I have done, to take him where he wants to

Upon this Rotembo got up and said: "It was kind of my kinsman King
Mombo to send to me the great Oguizi. I will do what King Mombo has
told me to do." Then addressing me, he said: "Oguizi, we have heard of
you. Your fame is great all over the land. You are known as the good
Oguizi. I want you to love me as you love King Mombo."

[Illustration: _The meeting with Rotembo._]

"Rotembo, great Chief," I replied, "I wish to go and live in the
forest. I desire to kill all the wild beasts I can and stuff them.
I want to kill three or four of every kind of all the birds of the
country and stuff them. I want to catch all the butterflies and insects
I can and keep them. I wish to take them to the land of the Oguizis,
and show there the creatures seen in the great forest where the black
man lives."

Rotembo's eyes seemed to become twice as large as they were before when
he heard me speak in this manner. He looked at me with wonder and awe.

I said to him: "I mean what I say, and when you see me return from the
forest you will find that I told you the truth and several canoes will
be required for the skins of the animals I shall collect."

"You shall go into the forest," said Rotembo, "and stay with my slaves
or people that are living there."

Then, in presence of all the people of his village, he presented me
with a goat, six chickens, and nine eggs, and a number of bunches of
plantain. Here an egg has the same value as a chicken, for, as the
people say, out of the egg comes the chicken. These presents showed
that I was welcomed.

Rotembo was the chief of one of the clans that composed his tribe,
and in case of war his people, scattered in a goodly number of small
villages, could muster many warriors.

Rotembo was tall, walked very erect, and had a commanding appearance.
His hair was white; several ugly scars told of his warlike character
and experiences in days gone by. When young he loved war, and the
people feared him. Now that he had become old he loved peace, and his
neighbors and people were happy on that account.

In the midst of vociferous cheers he put his kendo, the emblem of a
chieftain, upon my left shoulder; then said with a loud voice: "During
the time you stay with me you will be our chief; we will all obey you."
After these words the tomtoms beat furiously, and guns were fired.

The speech-making being over, my men went to our canoe and brought back
the goods I had with me. I had come to Rotembo rich, for I had brought
twenty brass kettles, one hundred copper rods, a goodly number of
bunches of beads, looking-glasses, fire steel and flints, files, and my
"precious box," which I valued more than everything else I possessed,
for in that box were the instruments and books which helped me to know
my latitude and longitude, and the days of the week and of the month
when I had forgotten them, which was not uncommon after attacks of

That evening we had a great dance, given in my honor. Rotembo himself
danced before me in a most eccentric manner, making great contortions.
His people applauded him vociferously. The women danced also.

The following evening, when every one was asleep, Rotembo came with
Oyaya, his head wife, to get the presents I had for him. He also, like
all the other chiefs to whom I made presents, implored me not to tell
anyone of the things I gave him.

After a few days' feasting, King Mombo's people returned to their
country. Rotembo and I became very great friends in a short time. He
came often to see me, for he was always delighted to hear my musical
box and Waterbury clock talk to me. He liked to see my matches start
fire suddenly, and he always wondered at my magnet. Once in a while I
would give him little presents which he put in the bag he carried on
his shoulder and which contained his small idol. No one ever thought
that in the bag were bunches of beads and various other trinkets.



ONE day after I had been in the village some time, being in the house
of Rotembo, I said to him: "I have been with you quite a while, and I
wish now to go far into the forest. I wish you to give me a man whom
you trust, a great hunter, who is not afraid of danger and who can face
with his gun the most ferocious beasts of the country. He and I will
live together in the forest."

Rotembo looked at me with great astonishment, for he wondered why I
wished to go and live in the forest by myself with only one man.

He remained silent for a minute or two, thinking deeply; then he said:
"Oguizi, I will give you three gifts to go with you in the forest."

"What are they?" I asked.

"I will not tell you now," he replied, "but you will know when they are
before you."

Then we separated, I wondering what were to be the three gifts Rotembo
was to give me.

Four days passed by, and on the fifth, while I was seated by the side
of Rotembo, a strange-looking man came before him, and bending very low
took hold of his foot and said: "To do your bidding your faithful slave
has come."

I looked at the man with great curiosity, and learned that his name was
Rogala and that he was one of the most famous hunters in the country.

Rogala was of medium height and exceedingly well proportioned. His legs
and arms were very muscular and as hard as wood. His chest was broad,
and his hands and feet were small,--a very common occurrence among the
people of the forest. His eyes were full of fire and daring. He had
a fighting chin, and he appeared to be about forty years old. Scars
upon one of his legs told where a leopard had once wounded him. He
wore a huge head-dress of eagle's feathers. His eyelids were painted
red, and a red stripe from the nose upward divided his forehead in two
parts. The face was painted white, and on each side of the mouth were
two round red spots. He was covered with mondahs, or charms. One of
these protected him against witchcraft; another made him invulnerable
against bullets, spears, or poisoned arrows--in a word, every one of
them protected him against some evil or other.

Rotembo said to me: "I can trust Rogala more than any other man in the
country. I bought him when he was quite young, and he has forgotten the
language of his tribe. He faces without fear the ngina (gorilla), the
elephant, the leopard, and the fiercest bear of the country. He has
killed during his life more than one hundred elephants and he has kept
all their tails as proofs. The number of hippopotami that have fallen
under his gun is very great; the necklace I wear round my neck is made
of the canines of some of the leopards he has killed."

I counted forty-eight of them; so Rogala had killed twelve leopards for
the chief's necklace. He himself wore one with twenty-four canines; so
before me were the witnesses of eighteen leopards that he had killed.

As I looked at Rogala, I said to myself: "He is just the kind of man I
should like to take into the forest with me."

"Rogala is one of the three gifts I have promised you," said Rotembo.

I thanked the chief for the gift of Rogala, whereupon he said to him:
"You know that I have always treated you well. Several times when I
wanted to marry the daughters of chiefs they said, 'Only upon one
condition can you marry my daughter, and that is, that you give me
Rogala.' I always refused them, for I would not part with you."

I did not wonder at it, for if Rogala had killed over one hundred
elephants, the barter of their tusks had brought wealth to Rotembo.

"I have given you to the Oguizi while he is in my country," continued
the chief. "You must take care of him as you do of me. You must follow
him in the forest. You must sleep by his side. You must face the wild
beasts with him, and show him that Rogala's heart knows no fear. Put no
shame on me by running away before danger; if you do you might just as
well die in the jaws of a wild beast, for I myself will kill you. He is
my Oguizi, and I love him. See that he is never hungry or thirsty."

While the chief was talking, Rogala listened reverently. When Rotembo
had done speaking, Rogala said: "Chief, the best of masters, Rogala
always does what you order him to do. I will do all you say, and follow
the Oguizi wherever he goes, and live with him in the great forest
and hunt with him. I will take care of him just as if he were my

"Rogala," said I, "I will be your friend. When we get into the forest,
we will be like two men who are born the same day." Among the Africans
of the great forest, when two men are born the same day, they are
foster brothers.

"Good indeed you are, Oguizi," replied Rogala. "I will obey you in

Then I presented him with a big hunting-knife, which pleased him

The following day, while I was seated by Rotembo under the veranda
of his house, I saw Rogala coming towards us. He had with him a very
strange-looking dog.

Rotembo said to me: "Look at this dog. His name is Andekko. He is
fearless and always in the thick of the fight. He is not afraid of any
wild beast. In war he always warns us of an enemy hiding in the jungle.
He is the best of hunting dogs. He goes into the forest all alone in
search of game, and will drive the antelope or gazelle up to Rogala
or the hunter he knows, even if it takes him the whole day to do so.
He has captured several young nginas and nshiegos after their mothers
were killed, and gone into the lair of leopards and killed their young.
The wonder is that he has not been killed by a gorilla or leopard long
before now or been gashed in two by a boar or disabled by monkeys.
Many times he will prevent you from being hungry while you are in the

[Illustration: _Rogala and Andekko_.]

I gazed at Andekko with wonder, he looked so very ugly. He was covered
with scars, marks of the wounds he had received in his conflicts with
wild animals. One of his ears was split in two. His upper and lower
lips were also cut on the left side. These two wounds had been made by
a large monkey, called a mandril, which often walks on the ground and
had been surprised there by Andekko.

Rotembo, seeing that I was looking at the scars of Andekko, said:
"Oguizi, when wounded, this dog becomes even fiercer and more
courageous than before. He is famous for his courage."

Andekko belonged to the same family of dogs as those that had gone
gorilla-hunting with me at King Mombo's plantation. His hair was of
yellowish color, and he had a white spot on his throat. His tail could
not have been more curly, and he was quite lean; his legs were somewhat

Then Rotembo said: "Oguizi, Andekko is the second gift I promised you."

The next day Rogala came again, but this time with a monkey called
Ndova. He was a fine creature, with a nice coat of hair and a white
nose. The chief, pointing to the monkey, said: "His name is Ndova, and
he has the intelligence of a man. He goes with Rogala into the forest.
We have given him the name of Ndova because the species of monkeys to
which he belongs is so called. You will not often be hungry in the
forest when Ndova is with you, for he will call upon other ndovas to
come to him while he stands close to you and Rogala, and when these
come you will shoot them. You will have plenty of monkey meat to eat.
When monkeys are fat," he added, "they taste fine, especially if they
are broiled on a bright charcoal fire. While living on my plantations,
I often take Ndova with me. He can only call on his fellow ndovas, for
the other species do not understand his talk.

"There will be days," added Rotembo, "when you will find no monkeys or
other game and hunger will come upon you. Then Ndova must follow you.
There are many kinds of fruits, berries, and nuts in the forest; these
look very tempting, but several of them are very poisonous, and people
die if they eat them. So when you see any fruit, berries, or nuts you
do not know, do not eat them until you give them to Ndova first. If he
eats them, these are also good for you."

"Monkeys never make a mistake; they have a gift which no man
possesses. By the sense of smell they can tell if a berry, nut, or
fruit is poisonous. They always smell a thing they do not know before
eating it, and when it is poisonous they throw it away. If it is not
poisonous, they give it a bite. In that case what is good for the
monkey is good for the man. But I must tell you that often the nuts,
berries, or fruits a monkey likes men do not like, for monkeys and men
have not always the same taste."

After hearing the words of Rotembo I looked with renewed curiosity at
Ndova. He was almost as large as Andekko. His nose was white, which
contrasted strongly with the color of his dark hair tipped with whitish
gray. He had long canine teeth. I was glad to hear he was gentle, for I
should not have liked to be bitten by him.

"Oguizi, I give you Ndova," Rotembo said. "He is the third gift I
promised you. I think you will get on well in the forest with Rogala,
Andekko, and Ndova. There are two other of my slaves who are also great
hunters. Their names are Shinshooko and Alapai. These three men live
close together in the forest and spend their lives in hunting; they
have their families with them.

"I got Ndova in the following manner," he continued. "I and my slave
Rogala were hunting together near the plantation where you are going.
We were lying in wait for boars, when finally we heard their grunts.
We heard at the same time the chatter of monkeys above our heads. The
boars came in sight and we fired. Then, to our astonishment, a little
monkey fell from the tree above our heads. The firing of our guns had
frightened his mother, who dropped him. He did not have the strength to
hold on to the branches. I seized the little fellow and put him into my
bag. The mother followed all the way back to the plantation, uttering
cries of distress and anger. Sometimes she would come down to the
ground, look at us, and go up into the trees again. She did not dare
to approach too near us. After coming to the house we fed the little
monkey with the milk of a goat and called him Ndova. His mother at the
same time remained on a commanding tree close by, calling the little
fellow. Soon she was joined by her mate, who added his calls to hers.
They slept on a tree near the plantation that night, and we kept the
baby in the house. At daylight the two big monkeys were still on the
same tree, and uttered cries of anguish and distress, calling for the
little fellow, but did not dare to come down.

"Three days passed and we thought little Ndova's mother had got tired
and gone away for good into the forest, leaving her offspring to his
fate, for we no longer heard her cries.

"We made a little bed of leaves and used to leave Ndova upon it in the
sun. We had gone into our huts one afternoon. After a while I came out
of the house and just in time. For Ndova's mother had apparently been
watching from a tree and seeing nobody had come down and had taken
hold of Ndova and was carrying him away into the forest as fast as she
could. I shouted with all my might, and Ndova lost his hold and dropped
to the ground.

"We went into the forest and made a trap to catch the mother, and
brought the little monkey and put him in the trap. We were then
sure that she would come and see him and try to get him away. When
everything was ready, we hid and waited. After a time we saw a monkey
quietly coming down a tree. It was the mother; we recognized her by her
white nose. She uttered a sound of joy as she approached Ndova. Then
she got into the cage, and the trap-door closed behind her.

"When we came towards the cage, the big monkey was much frightened. We
took the cage with us.

"The mother nursed the little one for over ten moons (months), and
after that she stayed with him until she died. By that time Ndova
could take care of himself, and had learned the language of the ndova
monkeys from his mother.

"After the death of his mother, Rogala took Ndova, who had grown fond
of him, into the forest every day, to find food for himself, leading
him by a string. Often the monkeys of his kind would come around above
his head and talk to him, and Ndova would answer them. After a time
Rogala tied a long rope to Ndova, so that he might go higher up the
trees after fruits. Then came the time when Ndova could talk very loud
and call other ndovas to him, and Rogala found that Ndova had become
very useful. Rogala, Ndova, and Andekko are now three inseparable
friends. Ndova and Andekko are great chums, for they love to play

I thanked Chief Rotembo for his valuable gifts, and said that they
would be of great service to me, and promised that when ready to leave
the country I would return Ndova and Andekko to him.

When Rogala heard these words, a broad grin of satisfaction overspread
his face. He was the keeper of Andekko and Ndova, both of whom were his
constant companions. He was afraid that Rotembo had given them to me
for all time.

I gave a bone to Andekko, who was inclined to growl at me at first,
and a ripe plantain to Ndova, who gave a peculiar "_Oh oh_" to show his
joy. I found afterward that Ndova was very fond of ripe plantains and

[Illustration: _Ndova's mother tries to carry him away into the

"I will feed Ndova and Andekko often," said I to Rogala, "so that they
may get accustomed to me."

I often think that if it had not been for Andekko and Ndova I should
probably have died of starvation in the great forest.

A few days afterwards Rotembo came to me and said: "Oguizi, I want you
to give me some of your hair. I shall consider this the greatest gift
that I have ever received."

My hair had become very long and hung over my shoulders. I had let it
grow, for it excited great wonder among the natives. It was very black
and silky. So I pulled out half a dozen hairs and presented them to
Rotembo. As soon as he received the gift, he muttered words I could not
understand, then took his little idol from the bag that always hung
by his side, and wound two of the hairs round and round its neck. The
four others he carefully put aside in a little wooden box. After this
he looked perfectly happy, and said to me, "Oguizi, the six long hairs
you have given me are more valuable in my eyes than many tusks of
elephants, brass kettles, wives, or slaves."

I often wished I had had flaxen hair and blue eyes instead of black
hair and hazel eyes, for I should then have appeared still more
wonderful in the eyes of these wild and savage men.



A SHORT time after I received these gifts from Rotembo, I made
preparations to enter the great forest, to live with Rogala,
Shinshooko, and Alapai, and Andekko the dog, and Ndova the monkey.

I put all my things together,--the precious tin box containing my
sextant, etc., matches, and a bottle containing my quicksilver, a
little iron pot, a frying-pan, a small coffee-pot, three pairs of laced
boots, some fire steel with flints, files, two axes, one machete, and
some medicines. I took also a shot-gun, my rifle "Bulldog," and a
lighter rifle, powder, and ammunition.

When everything was ready, I called Rogala, and showing him the
"precious box," I said to him: "Of all the things I possess, I think
most of this box. You alone shall carry it on your back,, and no one
must ever open it, for if he does, great misfortune will happen to

At daylight the following morning we loaded our canoe with my outfit,
Rogala carrying my "precious box." Rotembo and his people followed us
to the shore, and when we were ready to start, in a loud voice Rotembo
invoked the spirits of his ancestors, Kombe and others, to follow me.
After we had left I saw him seated on the ground before his little
idol, talking to it. The last words we heard from him were: "Rogala,
take good care of the Oguizi. Good-bye, Oguizi;" and after passing a
bend of the river we lost sight of the village.

The prow of our canoe was a carved crocodile head with an open mouth
holding a man between its jaws.

Ndova and Andekko had been tied near it. Ndova uttered the peculiar
intonation meaning pleasure. Andekko was wagging his tail and looking
at Rogala. Both seemed to know that they were going home.

During the day we saw swimming in the stream a number of elephants.
They were playing and throwing water high into the air with their
trunks. They swam hither and thither, and as we came nearer we saw
that each elephant had a little baby elephant apparently standing on
the back of its mother. Rogala was in a state of great excitement; he
wanted to land and walk along the banks of the river and have a shot
at the elephants. "No," said I, "each of these elephants has a little
one to care for."

Further on we saw in the distance, near the other bank of the river,
two canoes descending the stream. They were full of men in war-paint
and armed with spears and war-axes. They were singing their war-songs
and beating their tomtoms fiercely. Rogala's face became anxious. I
asked who they were.

"I do not know, Oguizi," he replied.

Instantly we laid hands upon our guns ready to fight, but when we were
near enough to hear the warriors' song of victory, Rogala recognized
that they belonged to the clan of Rotembo. But we were paddling so near
the banks of the river that they did not see us.

Towards evening Rogala, pointing to a spot near the river, said:
"Oguizi, this is a place where I camp for the night when I am on the
river. Close by is a beautiful little spring of clear water coming out
of the earth, cool and delicious to drink. We never drink the water
from running rivers when we can help it."

I answered: "All right, Rogala; we will camp where you say."

Accordingly we made camp here and passed the night. The following
afternoon we entered a narrow river and left the large Ogobai. We had
not been two hours on our way up the river when Ndova began to utter
loud and peculiar sounds.

"Ndova is calling the monkeys to come to him," said Rogala. "If they
come we shall have monkey meat for our evening meal."

As he spoke, he grinned with delight; but there were no monkeys within
the sound of Ndova's voice.

After a while, however, the call of Ndova was answered by a troop of
monkeys, and they seemed to have quite a conversation together, though
the voices of the monkeys did not seem to come nearer.

"The monkeys are trying to make Ndova come to them," Rogala said.

Then came a pause, and the forest became still again. But soon Rogala's
quick ears heard the noise made by the shaking of the branches of
trees. The monkeys were travelling towards us, leaping from branch to
branch, bending them by their weight as they alighted upon them.

Ndova was making an awful noise and was very excited. The monkeys
answered him, and he kept on calling them. We were paddling silently
along the banks of the river, and as soon as we saw the monkeys on a
tree above our canoe we stopped. They were many in number, and looked
at Ndova without uttering a sound, they seemed so astonished. We
raised our guns and aimed at the two biggest white-nosed ones and
fired. One fell into our canoe, the other dropped dead by the shore.
The rest scuttled away in a trice.

"Good for you, Ndova," I said to him.

Ndova was in a great state of excitement. Rogala, holding his cord,
took him towards the two dead monkeys. When he came near them he
uttered other sounds, quite unlike those he had made when he called
the monkeys to us. What he meant neither Rogala nor I could tell.
But I said to myself: "Rotembo is right. Ndova will be the cause of
our having food and we shall feed often on monkey meat. We shall not
starve as long as Ndova is with us. Great, indeed, is the gift of Chief

A few miles further on we landed. In a short time we were seated by a
bright fire, and when it had been reduced to a great mass of charcoal
we roasted one of the monkeys and with our roasted plantains made a
delicious meal. Andekko fed on some of the bones, and Ndova on a ripe

At dawn of day we left our encampment. About two hours afterwards we
came upon three little houses surrounded by plantain trees. The houses
were in a dilapidated state and had been abandoned. The large bunches
of plantain that were hanging from the trees were untouched, for the
elephants and the big apes, the "men of the woods," had not found the

Some time before we had reached the place Rogala's face had become
uneasy. He took to the opposite bank of the river. I could see fear on
his countenance. He paddled faster than ever, and his mind seemed quite
relieved when we had left the spot far behind us. Then he stopped,
tied the canoe to a tree to rest a while, and said: "Two dry seasons
ago there lived on the plantation we have passed a man by the name of
Igala. His wife was called Yienoo. Both were sorcerers, and had been
so for a long time, though the people did not know it. Near them was a
village. One day one of the men of the village was trampled to death
by a bull elephant, and there was great sorrow among the people. The
day after a leopard came into the village at night and carried away a
woman. The people began to think it was strange that those two deaths
should occur one immediately after the other, and they became much
alarmed, and believed that witchcraft was the cause of the trouble,
but no one suspected who the sorcerers were. Some time afterwards a
man disappeared and never came back. After this the people were so
much excited that they sent a messenger to a celebrated 'medicine
man' who was known all over the country for his skill in discovering
sorcerers. They promised to pay him two slaves if he would come. The
name of this great 'ooganga,' or medicine man, was Makoonga; he is
living now. He sent word by the messenger that he would come after his
return from another village where he was going to find out who had
killed by witchcraft the brother of the chief.

[Illustration: "_We raised our guns and aimed at the two biggest
white-nosed ones and fired._"]

"There was great joy in the village when the messenger brought back
word that Makoonga was coming. Three days after the return of the
messenger another man disappeared, and remains of his body were
discovered, showing that he had been devoured by a leopard. Then all
the people said that some one among them had changed his shape and
turned into a leopard, that he had eaten up the three persons who had
disappeared, and had also taken the shape of an elephant and trodden
upon the man who had been killed in that way.

"There was no more sleep in the village. The people danced all night,
and called upon the spirits of their ancestors to protect them from
witchcraft. They made invocation to their idol and to the spirits Mburu
and Abambo.

"Then Makoonga came, and the following day the people met, and he
drank the 'mboundou' before them, and after drinking it he became
possessed of the power of divination, and told them that Igala and
Yienoo through witchcraft had taken the shape of leopards and eaten up
the three people, and that Igala had taken the shape of an elephant and
trampled the man.

"There was a great uproar amongst the people when they heard this.
They went to the home of Igala and Yienoo and brought them to the
village. They had to drink the 'mboundou' to prove their innocence in
the presence of all the people. Makoonga made the potation, drank part
of it first, and then handed the bowl to Igala and Yienoo. They had
hardly tasted it when they fell on the ground. That was the proof that
they were guilty, and the people surrounded them and cut their bodies
into a hundred pieces and then threw them into the river. Oh, Oguizi,"
exclaimed Rogala, in concluding his story, "often witchcraft comes into
people without their wishing it and against their will."

After this narrative he untied our canoe and we continued our ascent
of the river. After a long pull he suddenly headed our canoe towards
the shore, and after passing under the branches of trees that almost
touched the water we came to a path which no one coming up or down
the river could detect. This path led to Rogala's place. Ndova uttered
grunt-like sounds of satisfaction; Andekko barked to show his joy. They
knew they had come home; they were well acquainted with this spot.



AFTER a few minutes' walk we came to a grove of plantain trees,
and there saw the home of Rogala, which was composed of four small
structures. The dwelling-house had a veranda in front. It was built of
bark with a roof thatched with palm leaves, and was about eighteen feet
long and twelve wide. It had only one door.

Under the veranda hung the tails of nearly all the elephants he had
killed. I counted ninety-five of them. Some of the tails he had got
went to Chief Rotembo. All along the roof were skulls of antelopes with
the graceful spiral horns, two skulls of male gorillas, several skulls
of nshiegos or chimpanzees, of wild boars, of buffaloes, of leopards
and other wild animals.

Four elephant skulls stood at each corner of the house. These elephants
had been killed near the plantations. Rogala was the greatest elephant
hunter of his day.

One building was composed of a single roof merely, under which cooking
was done. Here also people were received, and the space it covered was
the dining-room.

A small house near by was for Mburu, a spirit, who sometimes came
to rest there during the night. His bed lay on the ground, and was
composed of dry leaves covered with a mat. His pillow was a smooth
round piece of wood. In the fourth small house was the idol. There were
also a chicken-coop and a goat-house.

"We have chosen this spot," said Rogala, "because at a certain time of
the year the country is full of elephants. They come to eat the leaves
of a tree that is more plentiful around here than in other parts of the

A little further on I saw several other small houses; those belonged to
Shinshooko and Alapai.

The place was entirely deserted, for all the people had gone into the
forest,--the men to cut trees for new plantations, and the women to
attend to the crops that had been planted and bring back bunches of
plantain or cassava roots.

What a weird spot the hunters had chosen for their home! The little
houses of bark looked small indeed compared with the tall trees that
surrounded them. The plantain trees and the cassava grew in the midst
of branches of the trees that had been felled and burned afterwards.
Not far off was the river, flowing in the midst of the dark silent
forest, which was only disturbed now and then by the shrill cries
of parrots, or the chatter of a troop of monkeys or the tap of the
woodpecker. In the forest surrounding the houses hung huge lianas which
looked like gigantic swinging snakes. Some of the trees had gorgeous
flowers, and orchids grew on the bark of many. The foliage was greatly

On the border of the clearing stood a gigantic elimi tree; along its
trunk came out a soft sticky whitish gum, which the people use to make
torches with. The forest seemed to be made of three or four layers of
trees growing on the top of each other, while here and there, towering
above all, rose an immense one that seemed to look down on the great
forest from its own lofty height. Under all the trees was the thick
jungle, in which roamed wild and often ferocious beasts.

Rogala brought a stool and invited me to a seat under the veranda of
his house. Towards sunset Rogala's wife returned with three boys, their
children. She carried an infant in a sling on her back. She looked at
me in fear and trembling, and she and the children ran to hide. This
annoyed Rogala very much, and he called her back in an angry tone. Then
he became milder, and told her and the children not to be afraid of his
friend the Oguizi.

[Illustration: "_She looked at me in fear and trembling, and she and
the children ran to hide._"]

Soon after two men and their wives, loaded with two large bunches of
plantain, and their children made their appearance. These men were
Shinshooko and Alapai.

Rogala bade them approach. Shinshooko was over six feet two in height,
very thin, and brown in color. He came from a country called Ashango.
Alapai was short, thickset, and very black. He came from a tribe called
Apono. These two tribes had the same language. Shinshooko and Alapai
looked at me constantly, but avoided the glance of my eyes, of which
they were afraid. But Rogala allayed their fears by telling them that I
was a good Oguizi and a great friend of their master Rotembo, who sent
word by him that they must go and hunt with me in the forest.

The three then went away to our canoe and brought back my things with
them. Shinshooko and Alapai were eager to hear what had occurred since
Rogala had left them, and how it happened that I came with him.

Rogala told all that had taken place, how his master Rotembo had given
him to me, that I was a great hunter, and that I came to hunt with them.

Shinshooko and Alapai and their families listened in profound silence
to the wonderful story of Rogala, and when he had finished it was
the turn of Shinshooko and Alapai to tell what had happened during
the absence of Rogala. Shinshooko was the speaker, and began thus:
"Leopards have made their appearance in the neighborhood since you
left, Rogala. What has brought the leopards so suddenly into our
neighborhood we cannot tell, but it must be that the bashikouay ants
have invaded and scoured a great part of the forest and driven them
away, and they have fled towards us. We have seen many tracks of their
big paws. We must look out for these leopards and make traps and catch
them and hunt them. Fortunately our goat-house is so strong and so
secure that leopards cannot break through. But we must do all we can
to kill them, for fear that some one of them might be a man-eater and
devour some of us or some of our children."

That night numerous fires were lighted to scare away the leopards. I
went into my little hut, but kept awake with "Bulldog" by my side, for
I thought a leopard might easily come through the thin roof of palm
leaves over my head. We all hoped that there was no man-eater among
the leopards, for if there were we were sure that he would lie in wait
for some one. When once they have tasted human flesh, they like it
better than anything else. But no leopard paid us a visit during the



EARLY the next morning the men went into the forest to cut poles, and
after we had a sufficient number we built a trap to catch the leopard.

We constructed the trap in the following manner according to the plan
of Shinshooko, who had the reputation of great skill and ingenuity in
making all sorts of traps.

We built with the poles a long narrow funnel-like alley, which
became gradually smaller and smaller towards the end, so that it was
impossible for the leopard to go entirely through. At the entrance
Shinshooko constructed a trap-door which was to fall after the leopard
was fairly in. The end of this funnel-like structure communicated with
the goat-house, which we surrounded with a double row of poles, so that
the leopard could not get through. The roof was made entirely of poles
strongly fastened together. The structure was about twenty feet long.

I said to Rogala, Shinshooko, and Alapai: "Tonight I shall not sleep,
but will watch for leopards near the goat-house. Perhaps some of them
will come when they scent the goats; so do not be afraid if you hear
the detonation of a gun. I want all the dogs to be shut up indoors."

When evening came, I took a nap, for I knew that it was the habit of
the leopards not to prowl before midnight, unless famished.

Towards eleven o'clock I awoke, and then made ready for the leopards.
I took up a position opposite the goat-house under the veranda of a
little house, where I was partly hidden from view. I surrounded myself
with branches of trees I had gathered during the day. There I waited.

The moon, that was on the wane, rose and threw a dim light all around.
It was an ideal night for lying in wait for a leopard.

One o'clock came and no leopard had made his appearance. Time went
on slowly. Two o'clock, no leopard. I began to think that they would
not call, when suddenly the goats began to bleat. They had scented
the approach of a beast of prey and become terrified. Suddenly I saw
from behind one of the houses and among three or four plantain trees
something moving. It was the leopard. He was coming. His eyes shone as
if they were burning coals. Then slowly he advanced towards the trap.
I did not wonder that Rogala had admonished me to make no noise. The
leopard was slowly crawling near, his belly almost touching the ground.

I watched him carefully to see what he was going to do. His long tail
beat his flanks. He sniffed at the goat, and finding that he could not
reach the frightened creature, he went round the trap. I watched with
breathless attention.

Then he came to the opening, and entered. Soon after I heard the
trap-door close behind him. That did not disturb him, for all he
thought of was the goat. He went on until he got so jammed in that
he could not advance further. Then he became excited as he tried to
extricate himself, and roared with anger. He could not turn back, and I
fired and killed him.

In an instant Rogala, Shinshooko, and Alapai were out of their cabins,
guns in hand, running towards the goat-house. We lighted torches
to frighten other leopards, and came out with them. The men gave a
terrific war-cry, and shouted: "Leopard, you will not eat more of our
goats!" In a short time everybody was around the leopard, looking at

I opened his mouth and looked at his terrible-looking canines. "These
four canines," I said, "I will send to Rotembo. I hope we shall kill
leopards enough to have canines for a big necklace for him."

[Illustration: "_The leopard was slowly crawling near._"]

"Yes," they all shouted, "let us kill all the leopards in the country."

Then all the people danced around the leopard, singing at the same
time: "You wicked leopard, your days are over, you will not make any
one now fear you. The antelopes and gazelles of the forest would be
glad if they knew that you have been killed by the great Oguizi."

The dance lasted until daylight, when we skinned the beast. "Let us
make a belt of his skin for Chief Rotembo," I said; and we accordingly
did so. The tail I gave to Rogala. We divided the liver into several

Later in the day Rogala, Shinshooko, and I went into the forest with
Andekko in search of the lair of the leopard, which was a female,
hoping to take the young ones. But we were not successful, and were
obliged finally to return without accomplishing our object.

"When night comes," I said to my hunters, "I will lie in wait for the
male leopard; perhaps he will come here in search of his mate."

To this the man replied: "Yes, a male leopard is more likely to come
and seek for his mate than a female is."

That night as I was watching I suddenly saw a dark spot moving not
far from where I stood. Suddenly I saw the eyes of a leopard looking
like burning coals. He had come to look for his mate. But he had not
advanced far towards the houses when I fired and killed him.

Andekko, who had been fastened inside Rogala's house, was let loose and
came bounding towards us. He had heard the sound of the gun, and knew
that something was up. At the sight of the dead leopard his hair stood
straight up, and then before we knew it he was on the body of the beast
with his teeth fastened in its throat.

In the morning I said to Rogala, "Bring Ndova to look at the leopard."
He went after the monkey and soon came back with Ndova in his arms.
At the sight of the leopard Ndova sprang from Rogala's arms, and in
an instant was up a young tree, the hair all over his body standing
upright. He glared at the dead leopard, uttering at the same time
sounds of rage. We could not make him come down from the tree until we
had taken away the leopard from the place. Then he descended and hid
away in the house of Rogala.



AFTER a few days of constant companionship with Rogala, Shinshooko,
and Alapai, their fears of me had been allayed and we had become great

The women had also become accustomed to me and had grown to like me,
for I had given them beads, looking-glasses, and some other trinkets.
They also showed much pleasure when they brought to my feet bunches of
plantain, peanuts, or other food. They would fish in the river, and all
the fish they caught they would bring to me, so that I might choose
what I wanted. The children would snare birds and bring them to me.
They were always delighted to follow me when I went out to shoot birds.

Andekko and Ndova, who were always fed by me, had also become
accustomed to the color of my face and my long hair; they knew I was
their friend, for when they were hungry I gave them food.

Ndova from his perch always watched for my return, and when he saw me
he uttered peculiar sounds of joy, which were always the same, so that
when he uttered them I always knew that he was glad. He knew that I
generally brought to him nuts, berries, or fruits which he liked. When
I was eating with Rogala, Shinshooko, and Alapai, Andekko was always by
me, for he had learned that he fared much better by my side, as I had
directed them not to feed him.

One day I said to Rogala: "Meat is getting scarce. Let us take Ndova
with us into the forest to-morrow morning; perhaps he will succeed, if
we meet monkeys belonging to his species, in making them come to him.
Then, if we kill two or three, we shall have monkey meat to eat."

The following morning Rogala, with Ndova tied by a rope, and I set out
for the forest. Once in a while Ndova would call for his friends, the
monkeys of his species; but there came no answer to his call,--there
were no ndovas in that part of the forest.

We kept on further and further; but though Ndova called for those of
his species, there came no answer back, and finally we deemed it time
to return home, as otherwise we should have to sleep in the forest.

On our way back Ndova began to chatter in his own language. What he
meant we of course could not tell at first, but soon we found out that
through some peculiar gifts only belonging to monkeys, perhaps with his
keen sense of smell, he knew that there were monkeys of his own tribe
near. His voice or utterances were answered by other sounds made by a
troop of monkeys which Rogala and I knew to be ndovas, and before we
realized their presence, they were all upon a tree above our heads.
Ndova became dreadfully excited. I took aim at the biggest monkey,
fired, and he fell on the ground with a great crash. The others gave a
cry of alarm, and in less than twenty seconds were out of sight.

The next day I said to Rogala: "Let us go into the forest with Andekko.
I want to see how he hunts, and if he drives the game within gunshot of
the place where we are waiting for it."

"He will surely do that," replied Rogala.

The next morning, at dawn of day, we started for the forest, Andekko
ahead of us. Suddenly he disappeared. Once in a while Rogala shouted to
let the dog know where we stood. Then we waited and waited, Rogala now
and then calling Andekko at the top of his voice. After a few hours we
heard the barking of Andekko. The barking became louder, and Rogala
said: "Oguizi, let us make ready, for Andekko is probably driving an
antelope towards us."

In another instant a large antelope with long spiral horns passed near
us, but not near enough for us to fire. Then the barking of Andekko
died away in the distance, and Rogala said: "We must not go away.
I think Andekko will bring back the antelope towards us." He was
not mistaken. A short time afterwards we heard Andekko again in the
distance; the barking became louder and louder, and at last seemed very
near. An antelope came bounding by us. We fired and brought him down.

We returned home with our spoil, and the following afternoon I said to
Rogala: "Where is Andekko? I have not seen him to-day. Has he perhaps
been devoured by a prowling leopard?"

Rogala smiled at my question, and replied: "Andekko is a wide-awake
dog, and seeing that we did not go into the forest with him, he has
gone to hunt by himself, and I should not wonder if we heard his
barking soon, telling us that he is pursuing game towards our little
settlement and warning us to be ready for it."

Rogala was right; a short time afterwards we heard the barking of
Andekko. He was running after some animal and giving us warning. But
the barking soon became fainter, then could not be heard at all.

[Illustration: "_We fired and brought him down_."]

I said to Rogala, "The animal has escaped from Andekko."

"It is perhaps so," he replied; "but the dog will not give up the chase
so easily."

A little while after we heard Andekko again far away; then the
barking gradually became louder. We got ready with our guns. I had my
smooth-bore loaded with buckshot. Soon after a gazelle passed by us,
closely pursued by Andekko. We fired and killed the beautiful creature.
We had great trouble in preventing Andekko from tearing the animal in
pieces until I cut off the foreleg and threw it to him, exclaiming:
"Great indeed is the gift of Chief Rotembo to me. We shall not starve
while Andekko is with us."

The following day we went again with Andekko into the forest. This
time Shinshooko, Alapai, and Rogala were all with me. They had seen
footmarks of a gorilla and of her baby. So we took a net with us to
throw over the little one and capture him in case we succeeded in
killing the mother.

After a tramp of three hours we heard the fierce barking of Andekko on
the right of the path, not very far from us. There followed loud, short
yells of an ngina. We immediately left the path and entered the forest,
being guided by the barking of Andekko and the yells of the ngina. We
soon found ourselves in the presence of a mamma ngina on a tree, with
a tiny baby holding to her and uttering sounds of fright. Andekko was
in a perfect rage; his hair stood up, bristling like the quills of a

Rogala, Shinshooko, and Alapai were by my side. The ngina was looking
fiercely at us. Her big black face, wrinkled all over, was savagely
wicked. The little fellow was hiding his face against her breast. She
uttered sharp, piercing yells of anger, then a shout of "Whoa, whoa."
I aimed at her, and fired. She dropped, but held on for an instant to
the branch upon which she was seated with a firm hand, while the little
one clung fast to her shoulders. Then she let go and fell down some
twenty feet to the ground with a great crash. She was dead, and before
we had time to rescue the little ngina, Andekko had strangled him, to
my infinite sorrow.

Rogala and Shinshooko said: "We must look out for her mate; the big
'man ngina' may come upon us in a moment. Perhaps he is already coming
silently to her rescue."

We were glad we had Andekko with us, for we were sure to be warned by
him of the approach of the big beast. We cut off the heads of the ngina
and of the little one as trophies, and then retraced our steps towards
Rogala's and Shinshooko's home.

On our way back we heard, several miles away, the mighty voice of the
male ngina calling upon his mate to let her know where he was; but no
answer came back to him, and I found myself wondering what his feelings
would be when he came to where she had been killed. We would have gone
after him, but it was too late in the day.

There was great excitement on our return. The following day Rogala
warned me to take no other gun but "Bulldog" if I went into the forest,
saying: "The 'man ngina' is probably around looking for the slayer of
his wife." How I wished I could have been present when the big beast
came before the dead body of his mate and saw her and her baby ngina
headless! How he must have yelled and roared! How fiercely he would
have come to the attack if some one had been near! How I wished I
could face him with "Bulldog" in my hand! We expected to hear his roar
that day, then go after him; but the forest was silent. He had gone
wandering in search of another mate.

The next day we heard Andekko barking in the forest not very far off.
He seemed to bark at the same spot all the time, and Rogala said: "Let
us go where he is and find out what is the matter."

So we went towards the spot where he was barking, and at last came
to it. No wonder he remained in the same place. He was barking at a
porcupine, that had rolled himself into a ball and had all his quills
standing erect.

Andekko was in a perfect rage, his hair was erect on his back, but
I knew that it was impossible for him to bite the porcupine, and he
feared his terrible quills. He would not leave the porcupine until we
called him away, and the porcupine as long as Andekko was near him kept
his quills erect.

Andekko disappeared again the following morning. In the evening he
returned with a scar on his back and with a bloody muzzle. He had had
an encounter with some wild animal. Evidently some sharp teeth had
bitten him. But in the end he had had the best of the conflict, as his
muzzle testified; it was clear he had fed on his victim.

Rogala put some balsam on his wounds. The dog was manifestly very
tired, for in a short time he was stretched full length near the
fire, and after a while he was dreaming. His legs moved as if he were
running, and he barked softly. The following morning Andekko was
nowhere to be seen. The punishment he had received the day before had
not scared him in the least. He had gone hunting again.



I LOVED to walk by myself in the great forest, taking my smooth-bore
gun for birds, with which I always took a few bullets in case I should
meet some large animals.

One day as I walked along looking at the butterflies that were very
plentiful on both sides of the path, I thought I heard, at some
distance, a noise among the trees ahead as if monkeys were feeding.
Cautiously I went in the direction of the noise. I had to leave the
path and go through the jungle. I had to walk slowly, with my body
bent, in order to be hidden from the monkeys and not to frighten them.

When I got near the trees, I found that they were nkagos feeding
and uttering grunts of satisfaction, so pleased were they. I could
recognize the leader of the troop on the lookout. Suddenly he gave a
peculiar cry or sound. The nkagos became very much excited. Their hair
became erect on their backs; the sounds or words they uttered were
quick and showed anger. They seemed as if getting ready for a fight.

What was the cause of this sudden change in their conduct? I asked
myself. I was soon to know. I heard in the distance a noise as if a
troop of monkeys were coming in our direction, the noise made by the
bending of the branches as the monkeys leaped from one to another. It
became louder and louder.

Soon this noise was responded to by the loud cries of the troop of
nkagos near me. The monkeys that were approaching answered them, and I
recognized their cries to be those of the mondis. They knew the tree
and had come to feed upon its fruits. They were too late. The best had
been eaten by the nkagos, who also knew the time when the fruits were
to be ripe and had come ahead of the mondis.

The mondis were furious, and advanced boldly towards the tree, led by
their old and trusted chiefs. The nkagos had made up their minds to
fight and finish the repast they had begun. They had not yet filled
their pouches. The mondis jumped on the tree, and a fight ensued among
all the monkeys. There were terrible shrieks and some pretty hard
bitings. The nkagos were getting the worst of the fight, when I raised
my gun, aiming at a mondi that had just finished a fight with a nkago.
Bang went my gun. There were general cries of fright among the mondis
and the nkagos, and both sides fled with the greatest precipitation,
each troop, however, going in a different direction.

In the meantime the mondi I had fired at had fallen to the ground with
a great crash, dead. It was a very fine big one, covered with long
black glossy hair as it was. I thought I would remain hidden and see if
the monkeys would come back.

After about two hours I heard a noise through the branches. I looked up
and saw a solitary mondi. He uttered a cry of distress, calling upon
his mate that had been killed.

Spying her dead body lying on the ground, he came to her, and uttered
low mutterings of distress as he saw that she was dead. I shouted, and
he fled. I carried the dead mondi to our camp, and as it weighed I
judged about forty pounds, I was glad when I arrived and laid it on the

Several days after this, being in the forest but not far away from the
camp, I saw a leopard running quickly in front of me with one of her
cubs in her mouth. I wondered at this, for it was so unusual to see a
leopard out of her lair in the daytime. She was evidently taking her
cubs away for some reason. I had not walked a hundred feet further
when I saw the leopard's mate running in front of me with a cub in his
mouth also.

I wondered again why the leopards were moving away from their lair. I
soon found out. Other animals, and even snakes, were all fleeing in
the same direction as the leopards. This, and the flight of insects
themselves, told me that an army of bashikouay ants was advancing,
attacking every living thing before them. I ran towards the plantation
as fast as I could.

Soon Andekko, who had gone into the forest by himself, made his
appearance. He was perfectly wild. The poor dog was crying, moaning,
and rolling himself on the ground to scratch his body, on which were
numbers of the ants biting him. During the night we were awakened
by the bites of the advance guard of the bashikouays. They were in
our houses. There was a great commotion among the mice, rats, and
cockroaches. They were surrounded by the bashikouays. Wherever they
fled, there were the bashikouays to attack them. The scorpions,
centipedes, and spiders could not help themselves, and were eaten up in
a short time.

Meanwhile all the inhabitants of the plantation were up and out of
their houses, the babies in the arms of their mothers. Numerous
fires were lighted everywhere. Boiling water and hot ashes were thrown
upon the ants and we put brands across their paths.

[Illustration: "_Boiling water and hot ashes were thrown upon the ants
and we put brands across their path_."]

It took us the rest of the night to drive them away and disorganize
them. We had killed hundreds of thousands of them. The men could not
find words bad enough for the bashikouays. "Oh," said Shinshooko,
"these horrid bashikouays will drive all the game away, and it will be
a long time before it will return."



ROGALA'S wife had a beautiful gray parrot with a bright red tail. The
parrot could talk well and say many things. Every morning he would
perch on a tree and call upon the flocks of parrots that were flying
in every direction in search of food. Once in a while a flock of these
parrots, attracted by his cries or rather speech to them, would come
and alight close by, and they would hold a conversation together for
quite a while. Poor Ngozo--such was his name--seemed then to regret
much that his wings were clipped, for he wanted to go and fly with his
wild comrades. One day I said to myself: "Andekko drives game to me;
Ndova brings monkeys and finds fruits. Suppose I use Ngozo as a decoy.
Old parrots are about as tough birds as one can taste, but young ones
taste like pigeons."

So one morning I lay under a tree waiting for parrots to come. A few
flocks passed over us, uttering peculiar sounds. What these meant I
could not tell, but they were afraid to alight. Evidently they did not
like the look of the house.

At some distance from Rogala's house near a grove of plantain trees
was a tree bearing a red fruit which I knew parrots liked very much. I
told Rogala to carry his wife's parrot under that tree and I would lie
in wait there. So Ngozo was taken there by his master, and he began to

Soon I heard above our heads a flock of parrots. They came down upon
our tree and began to talk to our parrot and feed. When I saw three or
four in such a position as to enable me to kill them all, I fired, and
they fell, and the others, shrieking with all their might, flew away in

I went after the parrots, which had deep yellow rings round their eyes.
I saw that they were very old, but nevertheless I was glad, for I would
have some meat to eat. I broiled one on charcoal. When he was cooked,
he was so tough that I thought he must be over one hundred years old.
It seemed as if I were biting an old piece of India rubber or a piece
of leather.

In the evening, thinking that the others were as tough as their
companions, I boiled them, and I thought that I was going to have a
good parrot soup. The soup was not bad, but the parrots were so tough
that I gave up trying to eat them.

The following morning we again put the parrot under the tree, and a
flock alighted in the same way, and I succeeded in killing two of them.

In the afternoon another flock alighted also, and I killed two more.
But after this no parrots came near us, though a number of flocks flew
over our tree and Ngozo called to them.

All the flocks of parrots meet every evening, and the flocks that had
been fired at had warned their fellow ngozos of their danger and to
take good care not to alight on that tree.

After this the flocks of parrots, as they passed above or near us, took
care to fly high, uttering shrill cries of anger.

One day while I was stuffing some birds I had killed in the morning,
and Rogala was looking at the work I was doing with great astonishment,
Shinshooko made his appearance. He was out of breath, for he had been
running fast. As he saw us, he shouted: "Jockoo! Jockoo! Elephants!

"Where are they?" Rogala and I inquired at the same time.

"Not far from here," he said, speaking with difficulty, for he was much
out of breath.

We took our guns, I taking "Bulldog" with me. We had hardly walked an
hour in the path, when we came upon numerous elephant tracks.

"They have gone towards the river," whispered Shinshooko, as he looked
in the direction in which their footprints pointed.

When we came to the river, we saw the canoe with several paddles. It
did not take us long to embark, and we paddled so noiselessly down the
stream that our paddles could not be heard as they struck the water.
Before coming to a bend which commanded the view of the river for a
long distance, we landed to search further down. Shinshooko went to the
extreme end of the point, where a better view could be obtained. In a
short time he returned. I could see by his face that he had good news
to tell us. He had seen the elephants.

We followed the left bank of the river, and came to a place where we
saw a herd of elephants standing close together. Foremost was a large
bull elephant, their leader. I counted twenty-seven elephants. Their
big ears were moving continually, and their trunks were swinging up and
down. They were trumpeting and squealing. Some were very large. The
bull seemed to be about ten and a half feet in height, some of the cows
nine and a half feet.

Suddenly the bull made for the river. The others followed, and soon
they had a grand time together in the water.

After watching them awhile, Rogala and Shinshooko whispered: "Oguizi,
we must follow the river through the woods and get opposite the
elephants." We walked through the jungle most carefully in order not to
attract their attention. Fortunately they were having such a noisy time
that they could not hear us. Nor could they scent us, as the wind was
in our favor. When we surmised from the noise they made in the water
that we were opposite them, we made for the banks of the river. Finally
we got a glimpse of the elephants and crept to the water edge. The
bank of the river here was high and abrupt, so the elephants could not
charge us. I was very glad of this, for I never felt comfortable when
the huge beast was bearing down upon me. It had been agreed beforehand
that each one of us should pick out an elephant and that we should fire
at the same time.

The elephants, unaware of our presence, were swimming without any
suspicion of danger. All at once the huge bull turned and swam towards
us. There was no way to kill him but by a forehead shot, that is,
shooting him between the eyes. The steel-pointed bullets of "Bulldog"
could do the work well. A number of cow elephants turned also
towards us. I pointed out to Rogala and Shinshooko two of them that
could be shot near the temple or behind the ears, and made them a sign
that I was going to take a shot at the bull.

[Illustration: "_Suddenly the bull made for the river_."]

We raised our guns. I looked at Rogala and Shinshooko. They were
looking at me also. We took careful aim and I gave three clicks; the
third one was the signal to fire. Bang, bang, bang, went our guns at
the same time. I thought the guns of my men had burst, so loud was the
detonation. I saw only a dense smoke, which hid them for a while from

Looking at the water, I saw the bull elephant raise and lower his trunk
twice; then he swam towards our bank, which was so steep that he could
not land. He was evidently badly wounded. Suddenly the water around him
became a mass of foam. He was in his last struggle. The current took
him down stream. The two cow elephants were badly wounded and seemed
dazed, but they succeeded in reaching the shore.

In the meantime, at the noise of the guns, the herd took to the shore
and fled through the forest, tearing down and trampling everything in
the jungle that obstructed their flight.

We went for our canoe, and after descending the river we saw the big
bull elephant stranded. What a huge beast he was! He had two enormous
tusks, but, as was always the case, they were not of the same length
and weight.

We left the bull, and went into the forest in search of the two cow
elephants, for Rogala and Shinshooko were sure that they had wounded
them and that they had probably died in the forest not far from the
place where they were shot.

We had landed where we had seen them leave the river, and saw some
blood on the ground. Following their tracks, we came to a dead cow

"Let us go after the other one," said the two men.

In the meantime they had reloaded their guns. We followed the track the
other cow elephant had left behind. After a short time we came up with
her, seated apparently on her knees. As soon as she saw us she got up
to charge, but she had not gone five steps when she fell dead.

Then we went back to the plantation, and the following day all,
including the women, returned with axes and baskets to get the tusks,
and as much of the meat as we could.

The huge tusks of the bull were imbedded in his head over thirty-one
inches, so there were only about four feet of the tusk outside. He was
ten feet in height, and had fine big ears. The hair on his tail was
long and coarse. One of his tusks weighed sixty-nine pounds, the other
sixty-two. The tusks of the cow elephants were smaller, the biggest not
weighing more than twenty-nine pounds.

Rogala, Shinshooko, and Alapai danced round the elephants and cut
their tails off, to add to the number they had. Then we made for the
plantation with all the meat our canoes could carry. A big platform was
built to smoke the meat. We fed on elephant meat for a time, but it was
far from being as good as monkey flesh.



ONE evening as Rogala, Shinshooko, Alapai, and I were seated around a
blazing fire, we talked about gorillas, elephants, and other big game,
and determined to go and build an "olako" camp in the deep and gloomy
recesses of the forest, taking with us Andekko and Ndova.

The following day the women put a large quantity of cassava roots or
manioc in the stream running near Rogala's house; these were to remain
in the water three days, after which they were to be cut, pounded,
cooked, and made into cakes.

I was short of soap; so my hunters collected a quantity of palm nuts,
the kind from which palm oil is made. These nuts we boiled until the
pulp became quite soft. Then the women pounded the nuts in wooden
mortars, and the pulp furnished the oil. I then gathered all the ashes
from the fires, boiled these for a long time, then leaving the ashes at
the bottom of the vessel, took the water and boiled it with a certain
amount of palm oil. By this process I made soft soap.

I had to wash my own clothes, for not only did the people not know how,
but in one sense did not know what clean linen was. They could not
tell whether my clothes were soiled or not. I did not wonder, seeing
the way they made their toilet. After taking a bath, they rubbed their
bodies with oil mixed with clay, or with oil mixed with the powder of
odoriferous woods. This was what they called making themselves clean.

The wives of the men and the children were to go with us to help carry
the food to our camp; and when the day of our departure arrived, three
canoes were loaded with food, bunches of plantain, and our outfit.

We had four axes with us, queer-looking ones, several machetes, two
sharpening stones, and ammunition; above all, my "precious box" with
its invaluable instruments.

Our party divided and went in different canoes.

After ascending the river for a few hours, we stopped by a path which
had led formerly to the village of Rotembo's slaves. There we camped,
landing our outfit. A few miles further navigation stopped. We lighted
many fires, and the men collected branches of trees for me to sleep

Early the next morning we got ready to start. We followed in single
file the footpath--which was almost obliterated, for it was seldom
used now except for hunting--and passed through former plantations of
plantain and cassava, now covered with a dense impenetrable jungle, far
worse than any part of the forest.

The walking was very tedious, for since the path had been used but
seldom, numerous trees or their branches had fallen across it.
We halted a little after midday to rest and to eat near a lonely
crystal-like little rivulet from which we could get delicious water to
drink. Then we continued our way until almost sunset.

Rogala, who was leading, suddenly stopped, and I followed his example.
The rest of the party, who were behind, gradually came up with us one
by one. Then the men said: "Here, Oguizi, we are to build our camp,"
pointing to a little spring bubbling out of the ground.

I said to myself: "We need not bother about water if we are besieged in
our camp, for the spring will be within our enclosure."

We slept under the trees, and the next morning we were all at work
getting material for our camp. The men went to cut poles; the women
carried them to the camping-ground, or went after leaves to be twisted
into ropes.

The cutting of long poles was the most laborious work, for a great many
were required. The axes had to be sharpened many times. But after much
hard toil we succeeded in making a fortified encampment forty feet
square, with the spring in one of the corners.

After that we built separate shelters for every one of those who were
to remain behind, to sleep under; then a little house made entirely of
sticks close together for Ndova, in which we were to shut him when we
went into the forest without him, so that he might be protected from
snakes, or birds of prey, such as eagles, or carnivorous animals. Then
we made two ladders with lianas. They were almost as flexible as if
they had been ropes made of hemp. One was to hang inside and the other
outside. I made two shelters to keep our powder in, for I did not want
to have the whole of it in one place in case of fire. We cut all kinds
of briars, thorn-bushes, big aloes, and small branches of trees, and
put them outside the fence for quite a distance, so that if any one
came through them, no matter how careful he might be, we should hear

In the centre of our encampment was a tree from which we could look
over the fence, and we left uncut two thick bushes in which we could

I said to Rogala: "My 'precious box' must not remain on the ground, for
the white ants (nchelaylays) are sure to eat the wood at the bottom and
penetrate within. So we will hang it to a branch of a young tree, where
it will be safe, for, as you know, the white ants never ascend a green

There was a koola tree close to our encampment, and we collected the
nuts that had fallen. These were to be kept in reserve, and were to be
eaten only in case of starvation and not otherwise. For I did not know
what might happen; fierce natives might find us out, and lie in wait
for us and besiege us.

"Woe to any one who attacks us," I exclaimed to my men.

"Yes," shouted Rogala, his eyes shining with fierceness, "woe to them,
for the Oguizi will show them how he fights."

It was good for me that these wild men thought I was endowed with
extraordinary power. I never told them I was an Oguizi, or spirit,
but I never told them I was not. My safety depended entirely on their
superstitious regard for me. If it had not been so, and if they had
thought I was a man like themselves, I should not have lived to tell
the tale of my wanderings.

After five days of hard work our encampment was finished. By that time
almost all our plantains had been eaten up, but we had all the cassava,
and the cakes of it would last us a goodly number of days.

The women and the children now thought of returning home. We followed
them as far as the river. They were soon in their canoes, taking only
two with them. The other was left for us to use on our return. We bade
them good-bye, and soon they were out of sight. Then we hid our canoe
in the forest.



AFTER the departure of the women and children my hunters busied
themselves in making traps to catch animals. I discovered not far
from our camp a beautiful rivulet of clear water, which had a little
waterfall, below which was a deep pool and a very good place for a
swim. On my return to the camp I told Rogala of my discovery. He
replied: "Oguizi, look out for snakes when you bathe, for there are
several kinds of snakes that are very fond of being in the water. Some
of these are very poisonous."

"I will look out sharply for them, Rogala. They can be easily seen, as
the water is so clear," I replied.

Then I took a shot-gun with me, with a few bullets for emergency, in
case of a large animal making its appearance suddenly, and left the
camp for a swim, Rogala recommending me once more to look out for

When I came to the stream, I hung my clothes on the branch of a tree,
put my gun near the water so that I could seize it in an instant if
necessary, and two bullets by its side.

I went first under the waterfall. It was very refreshing, for not
a breath of air could be felt. Then I looked in the pool. No snake
was there, but just as I was ready to take a plunge I saw a big one
creeping along the ground. I had hardly time to look at the reptile
before it was in the water. The ugly creature was black, and yellow
under the stomach--his head was triangular, thus showing that he was
venomous--and about ten feet in length. The water did not appear to me
nice any more. I rushed after my gun, then looked at the snake, which
was swimming very fast and had the same motion as an eel. I dressed
myself quickly, then, gun in hand, I watched for him to swim to the
surface of the water. I had not to wait long before he appeared, when I
fired the load of small shot, broke his back, and the reptile sank to
the bottom.

Soon after I saw Rogala through the jungle coming towards me. He had
heard the report of the gun, and came to see if I had killed anything.
I pointed to the bottom of the pool. When he saw the snake, a broad
grin of delight came over his face and he said: "The snake is big
and fat, and we shall have plenty to eat." He cut a long, slender,
cane-like tree, and succeeded with it in dragging the snake ashore.
Then we returned to the camp.

Soon after a large piece of the snake was boiling, and Rogala was to
have snake broth. I gave him a little salt to mix with it, to his great
delight. When very hungry and having nothing else to eat, I often had
to be contented with a meal of snake, but that day I had something else
to eat.

In the evening, as we were seated by a bright fire that illumined our
camp, my men filled their pipes with tobacco, lighted them, and after
a few puffs Rogala broke the silence, and said: "Oguizi, while we are
hunting in the forest we must not talk, but call each other's attention
by a 'click, click,' which means with us poor black men to be on the
lookout, to listen, as we must be very sly, like wild beasts, and walk
as noiselessly as a leopard in search of prey. As we walk along, our
eyes must be everywhere, our ears must listen. Unfortunately men have
only two eyes; it is a pity they have not two other eyes at the back
of their heads. Often men hide themselves behind a tree, and when you
have passed they throw a spear at you. Hungry leopards often watch at
the dusk of the day by the springs where women get their water and then
leap upon them. But above all, let us try to be as noiseless when we go
through the jungle as a fish swimming through the water. No man can
hear a fish swim."

[Illustration: "_Gun in hand, I watched for him to swim to the surface
of the water._"]

"It is so," shouted Shinshooko and Alapai, in approval of what Rogala
had said.

Then we thought it was time to go to sleep. As I looked round, I saw
that Ndova was asleep with his head hanging down, and that Andekko was
stretched at full length by one of the fires that were burning round
our shelters.



WE were up early, and had all slept well. After our breakfast we
started, but before doing so we hid our ladder and also an axe as a
precaution in case our abode should be discovered and our ladder stolen.

Shinshooko and Alapai were to visit the traps to see if any game had
been caught. Rogala and I were to reconnoitre and see where the game
was to be found. Ndova and Andekko remained in the camp.

We had been gone about two hours, and had seen several footprints of
gorillas; so we knew that they were in the neighborhood. Suddenly
Rogala stopped, and said in a whisper: "Oguizi, listen."

His quick ear had heard a noise far, far away. I listened, and soon
heard what I thought was the reverberation of thunder among the hills.
The noise seemed to be on our right. Rogala listened attentively, and
then whispered "Ngina" (gorilla). The noise was made by a gorilla and
was renewed from time to time.

While listening, Rogala's quick sense of hearing caught another noise
in the far distance, this time on the left, somewhat similar to the one
on the right. He listened attentively and then said, "Ngina." It was
another ngina, who was answering the talk of her mate.

Then he whispered to me: "Oguizi, there are two nginas talking to each
other, the one on our right is the man ngina, the one on our left is
the woman ngina, and she answers him."

They were a few miles from each other, and we were about midway between
the two. We followed the path which seemed to be half-way between them,
looking at our guns carefully in order to be ready for any emergency.

As we walked, we could hear them talk to each other, one answering
after the other stopped. It was a real ngina conversation. I could
detect the different intonations.

We walked several miles, all the time hearing the two gorillas
continuously talking to each other. Rogala said to me: "There is not
food enough for the two together, so they have separated in order that
each may have enough to eat."

After a while their voices came nearer and nearer, and our position
became, I thought, dangerous.

Rogala said in a very low tone: "The nginas are going to meet before
night; for they will sleep very near together."

Louder and louder their guttural roar-like sounds came. At last they
seemed to be abreast of us, one on either side. I asked Rogala in a
very low tone: "Have the nginas scented us?"

"No," he replied in a whisper; "they are talking to each other, and
will gradually meet as they come along picking berries and fruits. The
nginas can see wonderfully well through the jungle. So let us stand
perfectly still.

"The female ngina always runs away," continued Rogala. "It is the male
ngina that fights, but both are afraid of noise, and when they hear it
they go in an opposite direction. It is only when the male is suddenly
surprised by the appearance of a man that he attacks him, or when he is
tired of being followed or tracked. Then he makes a stand. Then it is a
fight for life."

There was no mistake. The nginas were abreast of us, and we were
not more than half a mile from each. But soon the voices or sounds
gradually seemed to be ahead of us and became more and more distant.
They had passed us.

"After they meet," said Rogala, "the female ngina, as it is getting
late, will go up a tree to sleep with her baby if she has one, and
the big fellow will sleep at the foot of the tree, his back resting
against its trunk, and there keep watch. We will sleep in the forest
to-night. We have koola nuts in our bags, and we will eat these for our
evening and morning meals, and we will go after the nginas to-morrow at

The nginas' tremendous voices gradually died away, till one might have
thought it was the dying reverberation in the far distance of claps of

We slept at the foot of a large tree, and made a very small fire, for
we did not dare to sleep without one. We had collected the firewood
very quietly.

At daylight we were up, and followed the path leading towards the place
where we thought the gorillas had slept. We had walked several miles,
and I was ahead of Rogala, when suddenly I thought I heard the breaking
of branches ahead of me. Could it be possible that a camp of natives
was on our way. I thought perhaps I had made a mistake, and that the
noise had been made by elephants either breaking branches with their
trunks or trampling in the jungle and breaking the saplings in their
path. I lay flat, putting my ear to the ground, but did not hear the
heavy footsteps of elephants. I got up and said to myself: "It is a
heavy dead limb of a tree that fell and was the cause of the noise I
heard." Nevertheless I walked more slowly to give time to Rogala to
overtake me. I had gone but a little way when I heard the breaking of
another sapling or tree-branch; then I stopped and waited for Rogala.

Soon after I saw him coming, and I gave the "click" warning, made with
my tongue striking my palate.

At this sign Rogala stood still. I beckoned him to come to me. I could
not hear his footsteps as he walked towards me. No leopard or night
prowler in search of prey could have made less noise.

As he came near me, I put one of the fingers of my right hand upon my
lips. This meant, "Be silent, do not say a word." Then I put my left
hand to my ear; that meant, "Listen."

We remained silent looking anxiously at each other. Suddenly another
breaking of a limb of a tree was heard. Rogala knew the cause of the
noise, and whispered, "Ngina."

We looked at each other without saying a word, then looked at our guns.
They were all right. Then Rogala took the lead, and followed the path,
for the noise we heard came from that direction.

After a short walk we saw the branches of a tree moving and being
swayed to and fro by the ngina. The tree was loaded with large fruits
of the size of oranges. The monster was breaking the branches, and when
they had fallen on the ground plucked the fruit.

The jungle was so thick around the tree that we could not see the huge
creature. So we lay flat on the ground, and advanced towards the tree,
separating the jungle on the right or on the left as we made our way
towards the monster.

I was so excited that I could hear my heart beat; then I stopped.

The rustling ceased. We looked round and listened. There was no more
noise. All was silent; not even the note of a bird or the pecking of a
woodpecker was heard.

I was just concluding that the huge creature had departed, when
suddenly we heard on our left three most terrific yells following each
other In succession. These yells were followed by roars that filled the
forest with their din. I looked in the direction with my rifle ready to
fire. Then I saw peeping through the leaves a black fierce face looking
at us. It was a horrid sight. The brute's eyes were sunken, while a
heavy overhanging ridge was over each. He gave vent to yell after yell,
resembling somewhat the barking of an angry dog, but seeming to me a
thousand times louder. These were followed by terrific roars, somewhat
similar to those of lions, but louder. They reverberated through the
forest, from hill to hill, and died away in the distance. The forest
was filled with the echo of his horrid voice.

Then his whole body came in sight; he was advancing towards us, walking
erect, to kill us. His short legs were scarcely strong enough to
support his huge body. All at once he stopped and looked at us. How
vindictive his eyes looked! They seemed to say to us: "You will soon be

Then he beat his chest with his huge fist. How long and muscular were
his powerful arms! How broad was his chest! His hair stood almost erect
on his body, and the hair on his head moved up and down.

But our guns had been pointed at him from the moment we saw him, and
just as he was ready to advance we fired in the direction of his heart,
and the great monster fell like a human being, face forward, uttering a
fearful groan, his limbs stretched out. Then all became silent. He was

His arms extended measured nearly nine feet; around his chest measured
nearly seven feet. He was nearly five feet ten inches in height. We
skinned him on the spot, and hung his skin and skeleton on a branch of
a tree.

The following morning we went after the skin and skeleton of the big
beast Rogala and I had killed. I put arsenic on the skin and stuffed it
with dry leaves.



ONE day while out shooting birds, I came to a part of the forest where
I saw several kinds of fruits and berries I had never seen before. Some
were beautiful to look at and very tempting, but I did not dare to eat
them for fear that they might be poisonous.

Remembering what Rotembo had told me about Ndova and other
monkeys,--that they never made a mistake in regard to fruits, berries,
or nuts, and never ate those that were poisonous, and threw them away
if given to them,--I determined to go back to our camp and bring Ndova
with me, and show him the fruits.

The following morning I took Ndova with me, leading him by a cord,
for I was afraid of his running away. When I came to that part of the
forest where I had seen so many berries, I tied Ndova to a tree,
and went to collect them. On my return I gave the most tempting one
to Ndova. He smelt of it and threw it away, giving at the same time
that peculiar grunt of dissatisfaction which he always uttered when
things did not please him. I gave him one of another kind with the same
result. I began to think that all the berries I had collected were
poisonous. I gave him a third one. He smelt of it and gave it a bite
to taste it, then ate the rest with sounds of pleasure very unlike the
grunts he had uttered before. Then I took him to the place where there
were many of these berries. He ate a lot, and filled his pouches.

I myself ate many of these berries. They tasted very good. I was no
longer afraid to eat them, for what was good for the monkey was good
for me.

After a while I gave Ndova a berry of another kind, which he also ate.
Seeing this, I put one in my mouth, but took it out quickly it tasted
so bitter. So I found that Ndova and I had sometimes not the same
taste, and that some of the fruits, berries, or nuts he ate, though
they were not poisonous, were very unpalatable to me. But afterwards in
other expeditions I had to eat them in order not to die of starvation.

The next morning Rogala and I took Ndova with us into the forest, and
let him stay by himself. But in a short time he returned. He was in
a very angry mood, expressed by peculiar sounds; his hair stood up
straight, a sign that he was afraid and angry. Not knowing what the
cause could be, we made ready for any emergency, and then went towards
the place from which he had come. Soon we were rewarded by the sight
of a number of bees round a big hole in a tree. Ndova had discovered a
beehive, and, having been stung by bees before, he had come back to us.
We were delighted and made preparations to smoke the bees out and get
the honey. We did so, and there was a large quantity of it. We were so
hungry that we ate the wax and dead bees and the honey all together.
Ndova ate heartily with us.

After we had had our feast I petted Ndova and said to him: "Ndova, you
have found honey for us, now help us to find some berries."

We continued our walk, and soon came upon fruit-bearing trees. I gave
one of the fruits to Ndova, but he threw it away, giving a grunt of
anger or dissatisfaction at the same time. These fruits were red and
looked very tempting. I petted Ndova again, and said: "Thank you,
Ndova, for showing me that this beautiful fruit is poisonous."

Further on I saw some nuts at the foot of a tree. I broke one and gave
it to Ndova. He ate it; so the nuts were good. We took a quantity of
these with us. Nuts are far more nutritious than berries, and more

We returned to the camp and were received with great demonstrations of
joy by Andekko. Ndova made at once for Andekko and got on his back.
Andekko lay down, and Ndova began to play with his hair. They had a
grand time together, for Andekko loved to be scratched.

After this I constantly took Ndova with me, and found him very useful
in finding berries, and sometimes he walked by my side or rested on my
shoulders without being tied. One day he ascended a tree full of small
ripe fruits, uttered grunts of contentment at his discovery, and began
to eat while I was looking at him. As I stood under the tree to get
some of the fruits that fell on the ground, I wondered whether Ndova
threw them at me intentionally or not. I picked them up and tasted
them. I found that they had a pleasant acid taste. After a while Ndova
came down the tree with the pouch on each side of his cheeks stretched
to the utmost and filled with a stock of the fruits to be eaten when

I had noticed that Ndova was apparently always hungry, for monkeys can
eat all the time.

We continued our way, and it was not long before Ndova began to take
food from his pouches, and he soon emptied them. He seemed contented
and happy; he evidently liked very much the fruits he had eaten.

While we were taking our breakfast, one morning, I said to Rogala:
"To-day we will leave Ndova in the camp and take Andekko with us. We
must try to kill some game and smoke the meat."

After our meal we made preparations to leave the camp. Andekko was
delighted when he saw us handling our guns, for he knew from this that
we were going hunting and would take him with us. We put Ndova into
the house we had made for him; we did not wish to leave him attached
to his pole, for we did not know what might happen. A big eagle might
pounce upon him, and being tied up to his pole he would have no chance
to flee. Perhaps a huge python or some other big snake might come
within the enclosure and charm him, encircle him within its powerful
coils, squeeze him to death, and swallow him. Ndova did not enjoy being
shut up in his house, and made us understand it by his shrill cries of
dissatisfaction as we went out.

Andekko was in high glee; he followed us for a little while, then
wandered off into the forest by himself, and from time to time came
back to us to make sure, probably, of our presence. He had left us for
the fifth or sixth time, when suddenly we heard his barking; he was
evidently after some gazelle or antelope. We knew that he was coming
in our direction as his barking became louder and louder. We expected
at every moment to see an antelope or gazelle pass before us. We were
not mistaken. Erelong a beautiful antelope with large spiral horns
appeared, followed by Andekko, barking at the beast in the fiercest
manner. A well-directed shot brought the antelope down.

Then we cut the game to pieces, and made two "otaitais" (baskets to
carry on the back), and we put a lot of the meat in them. On our return
to the camp we built a big platform, upon which we put the meat and
lighted fires to smoke it.

One day, not long after, Rogala said to me: "Oguizi, the boars are very
fat just now, for they feed on koola nuts, and these are plentiful. I
feel like having boar's meat to eat."

As he said this, his mouth seemed twice as large as usual. He evidently
fancied he was eating fat boar's-meat. I agreed with him, and we
decided on a boar-hunt. We put a lot of berries and nuts in the cage
of Ndova, and left plenty of bones for Andekko, and departed for the
hunting-ground where the boars might be found. Quite a distance from
our camp we could still hear Andekko barking and the cries of Ndova.

We soon came to a koola tree and saw many nuts on the ground. We
thought we would get a meal before the boars did, so we broke open
many nuts and ate them. Afterwards we hid near the trees. We waited
for a long time before any boars made their appearance. At last we
heard their grunts, and soon after they were busy eating the koola
nuts before us. We picked out two of them, fired, and killed them
both. They were fat, as Rogala had said they would be. We could not
carry all the meat with us, so it was agreed that Rogala, Shinshooko,
and Alapai should return the next day to fetch what we could not
take. On returning to camp, we built another platform for smoking the

"Now," said I to Rogala, "we have plenty of meat, so we can go and hunt
the 'men of the woods.'"

It was a curious coincidence that my hunters on their return from
fetching the boar's-meat next day brought news of the "men of
the woods." They said: "Oguizi, to-day we saw a place where the
nshiego-mbouvés have been. They have come to feed on a peculiar fruit
that is just getting ripe, and I am sure they will remain in the
neighborhood where we saw their tracks for a time. Let us go there."

It was agreed that we would not fire at any other animals, even if we
saw an elephant with the biggest of tusks. The men advised me to take
"Bulldog" with me, for we might meet nginas, who also were fond of the

After a good night's rest we started, Rogala taking a net with him
to throw over a baby nshiego-mbouvé or a baby ngina, if we should
encounter any. We left Ndova and Andekko in the camp this time also.

After a long walk we approached the ground where the men expected
to find nshiego-mbouvés. We were startled by the voices of two of
them. They were talking to each other,--the male was calling for his
mate,--and as it was getting toward sunset Rogala said: "He is calling
his wife, for he thinks that it is time to go to bed."

"What do you mean, Rogala?" said I.

"These nshiego-mbouvés," he replied, "make resting-places upon the
trees to sleep in at night. The 'man' has one place, the 'woman'
another. Let us go carefully into the jungle and see if we can see
their 'beds.'"

We did so, but found nothing, and decided to camp for the night,
Rogala's net making a nice soft pillow for me. At dawn next day, when
it was just light enough to see our way, we ate a light breakfast and
started forward. We soon came to a part of the forest where there
were many trees laden with the fruit Rogala had mentioned. Soon we saw
places where two nshiego-mbouvés had been eating the day before, and
where after their meal they had rested on their backs, side by side.

"See here," whispered Rogala; "there they rested, for they had eaten
too much. They will remain in this region for a few days, for they find
plenty to eat."

The others said: "We are sure to meet them if we are patient, but the
nshiego-mbouvés are so shy that we must be extremely careful not to
raise their suspicions, otherwise they will escape from us."

At last Rogala gave a "cluck," stopped, and looked at me. He put his
finger upon his lips, a sign to keep perfectly still; then put his
hands to his ears, which meant "Listen." We heard the voices of two
nshiego-mbouvés close to us. They were talking in a sort of low tone or
grunt. I looked at "Bulldog;" it was all right. Rogala looked at the
pan of his gun; it was closed. He raised it; the powder was there. Then
he closed it again.

We advanced in the direction of the noise, when suddenly Rogala stopped
and made me a sign to lie low on the ground. Then we crawled toward the
trunk of a big fallen tree. Rogala's quick ears had detected that
the nshiego-mbouvés were coming in our direction, and soon after, as
we peeped over the trunk of the tree, we saw a female nshiego-mbouvé
with a black face, then a very young nshiego-mbouvé near her. His face
was very white, as white as that of any white child. The mother seated
herself and nursed the little fellow. It all looked very human. She
plucked some fruit, threw away the pulp, then gave the inside to the
little fellow, who said, "Whoe, whoe." While he was eating this, she
ate half a dozen herself.

[Illustration: "_He put his nose close to her face and moaned

She was getting dangerously near, and we ran the risk of being
discovered; then she might, in her fright, disappear in the jungle
before we had time to take a good aim and shoot. Looking at Rogala, I
raised "Bulldog" and fired. The big nshiego-mbouvé fell, and the little
fellow ran up a tree, uttering shrill cries of terror.

I whispered to Rogala: "Now let us get our net ready to throw over the
little nshiego when he comes down the tree to see his mother."

We kept perfectly still. Soon the baby nshiego-mbouvé came down the
tree, and went up to his mother, who was lying dead on her back. He put
his nose close to her face and moaned pitifully. He seemed to know that
she was dead. Rogala ran up and threw the net over him. He shrieked
fearfully. We took him in that manner to the camp, and having cut off
the mother's head as a trophy, we took it with us. But our little
captive died soon after. We could not keep him alive.



I REMAINED all alone in the camp one day while my hunters had gone
hunting. Andekko had gone with them. Everything was very quiet.

Ndova was very still and was thinking. There was no mistake about
it. His face showed it; his eyes showed it. He had a wonderful and
thoughtful expression of sadness which went right to my heart.

I wondered if he was sorry for his lot among us; if he thought that he
would be better off in the forest with his own folk. Perhaps poor Ndova
wanted a mate to live with him. All I could tell, when I looked at
him, was that he seemed supremely sorrowful. "What a pity," I said to
myself, "that I cannot speak or understand the ndova talk, for I could
then by talking to him find out what is the matter." Then I wished I
could understand the language of all the monkeys of the forest. I knew
about nine different kinds of monkeys living there; I could tell every
species by hearing them, for no two uttered the same kind of sounds.

As I was thinking of these things, Ndova suddenly jumped upon my
shoulders, uttering at the same time sounds of affection, and began at
once to play with my hair, which was always a favorite pastime with
him. When he got tired of this, he jumped down on my lap, and began to
play with my hand and tried to get hold of two or three freckles I had
upon them. He tried and tried in vain to pick them off; then he became
excited, for he could not understand why he could not take them off.
It always amused me to see Ndova vexed, for his eyes glared in such a
peculiar manner. At last he gave up trying to pick off the freckles.

After this little outburst of temper he regained his equanimity, and
began to be himself again, full of life and frolic. That made me feel
happy, too, for I thought a good deal of my friend Ndova. I did not
forget that he had sometimes saved me from hunger; then did not his
capers, queer gestures, and comical grimaces amuse me many times? Was
he not our companion in the great forest, one of us indeed? Andekko was
a brave dog, but he had not the queer, amusing ways of Ndova, nor his
human look. I sympathized always with Ndova when I thought he felt
lonely--for I often felt lonely myself, and longed for friends and
those of my kind.

Finally Ndova went to his cage, and began to eat the nuts, berries, and
fruits I had put there for him in the morning. After he had satisfied
his appetite he filled his two pouches to their utmost capacity, the
skin of his cheeks being drawn quite tight over them. He looked comical
enough, with a big lump on each side of his face.

When he came out of his cage, I tied him to the ring of his pole so
that he might go up and down as he pleased. After he reached the top of
the pole, he seated himself on the platform and then became thoughtful
again. After a while he uttered that peculiar sound he always gave
when he called for his species, the ndovas. When I saw this, I said to
myself: "Yes; when Ndova has a sad face, it is because he feels lonely.
That is the reason he calls for some of his kind to come and keep him

From time to time he called, but no answer came back; there were no
ndovas around, but he was not disheartened and kept calling. Finally an
answer came from far off. At this he grew excited, and went up and down
his pole several times.

I hid, so that if the monkeys came into our camp they would not see
me. I had a good hiding-place. I could hear the advance of the monkeys
in the noise they made as they leaped from one flexible branch to
another. Now and then they would stop and hold a conversation with
Ndova. Soon after they perched upon a tree from which they could look
into our camp. They remained silent for a while. The sight was unusual
to them. I was glad that Andekko had gone with Rogala, for he would
have barked at the monkeys and frightened them away.

I counted eleven monkeys. One was much bigger than the rest, and
seemed to be their leader. He was looking down intently at Ndova
and the stockade. He was evidently trying to make out what all that
new sight to him meant. He was suspicious of the place and did not
move. The monkeys would not come to the palisades without his orders.
They trusted in his wisdom. He was evidently their chief. I watched
carefully his face, which seemed very sober.

After a while he talked to our monkey, all his followers remaining
silent. Ndova answered, with sounds I had not heard before. "Oh dear,"
I said to myself, "why do I not understand the language of the ndovas,
so that I might know what the old fellow says to him? I think he wants
to entice Ndova away into the forest." I was almost sorry I had not
my gun by my side. I think I should have shot him for daring to try
to make Ndova run away.

[Illustration: "_Soon I saw their heads peeping over the palisades._"]

Ndova kept moving up and down his pole, now and then running about on
the ground, making great efforts to get to his kind the ndovas.

Suddenly all the monkeys joined in a chorus, which excited Ndova very
much. Then they all came down the tree together, and soon I saw their
heads peeping over the palisades and looking silently at Ndova, the big
fellow being in the centre of them, his big human-like eyes glancing
all round. Then they all uttered a peculiar sound, which probably meant
"Come on, come on," for Ndova tried anew to go to them. But they did
not dare to come inside towards him. All at once I emerged from my
hiding-place, and at the sight of me they fled, uttering piercing cries
of fright.

On the return of Rogala I told him what had happened.

He replied: "Oguizi, monkeys are a kind of human beings."



NOT long after this Shinshooko and Alapai went away, saying that they
would return in three or four days and that Rogala would take care of

Rogala seemed to be in an uneasy frame of mind. Something seemed to be
disturbing him. I said nothing on the subject, for I felt sure that he
would tell me at the proper time.

One morning he left the camp all alone, and returned in the afternoon
with a big load of palm leaves. The following day he went again into
the forest by himself, and returned with a big load of bark. That
afternoon he began to build a very small house, and roofed it with the
palm leaves, and then made a sliding door of bark. I wondered at his
doings, and I asked him why he made such a small house.

He answered: "Oguizi, two days from now will be the day of the new
moon, and though we cannot see the moon, on account of the trees, her
eyes can penetrate everywhere. The new moon is especially angry and
hungry on that day. She looks down over our country and seeks whom she
can devour, and we poor black men are very much afraid of her on that
account, and we hide ourselves from her sight on that night." After a
pause he continued: "From the time of the new moon to that of the full
moon many people die, and many amongst those are the ones whom the new
moon saw on her appearance in spite of all the precautions they may
have taken.

"So the night of the new moon I will go into the little house I have
just built, and remain silent all that night, for if I spoke the new
moon would know where I was. I am going to bring plenty of firewood
for you." Then, with great earnestness and imploring eyes, he said:
"Please, Oguizi, put the wood yourself on the fire, and do not call me
out of the house, for if I come out the moon is sure to see me and I
shall be a doomed man." And as he uttered these last words he shuddered
with fear, and then added: "Rogala, if seen by the new moon, could not
be with you the next moon, for he would surely die before then."

The following morning Rogala collected a large quantity of firewood,
enough to last a few days. Towards noon he spoke to his "ogana," or
idol, thus: "You know that I love you with all my heart. I believe in
you. Protect me from the spears, arrows, and guns of my enemies. Let
all those who try to bewitch me and afflict me with illness or bad luck
in hunting and fishing, die. Let our people find out the witches and
sorcerers that cause sickness and death amongst us."

Towards noon on that day he took his gun and went hunting, leaving
Ndova and Andekko behind. Two hours afterwards he returned with a
gazelle, or "nchombee," on his back, and laid the animal at my feet,
saying: "I have killed this. Please take all you want for yourself."

Andekko was looking with a hungry eye towards the nchombee, but the
long stick of Rogala kept him at a proper distance. I cut off one of
the forelegs and threw it to the dog. Ndova was chattering at the same
time, looking searchingly at Rogala. The sounds he uttered seemed to
mean, "Have you brought me no berries, fruits, or nuts?" Rogala had
brought him nothing, and he was very much disappointed.

I chose half of the nchombee; then Rogala broiled the other part on
charcoal, and when it was cooked took almost all of it and went into
the forest, whither I followed him. He walked but a short distance, and
then stopped before some very large leaves. He plucked a few, and
put them together on the ground, and laid the meat of the nchombee upon
them, saying: "Olombo and Mombo, this nchombee is for you. You know
that I love you, and that I always give you the best part of the game I
kill." After this sacrifice we returned to the camp.

[Illustration: _Rogala and his idol._]

Soon after he entered the little house he had built, taking his bag
with him, and shut the door behind him. I heard him speak to his idol.
When he came out, his body was painted here and there. In the hollow of
his chest was a white spot, in the middle of his forehead a white line
between his eyes, and there were long white stripes along his arms. He
wore all the mondahs his bag contained. He came towards me, and looking
at me, said: "Oguizi, sunset is soon coming, and I must go into the
little house, and I shall remain there until after sunrise. You have
plenty of firewood. You have meat. There is plenty of water in the
spring, so you will be neither thirsty nor hungry."

Before entering the house, he called aloud on the spirits of his
ancestors to watch over him, said good-night to me, then disappeared
into his little hut, and shut the door so that the new moon could not
possibly see him.

I found myself alone in the camp. Ndova and Andekko were my
companions. Ndova entered his house and soon after was asleep. Andekko
stretched himself by the fire. I wondered at all I had seen and the
wonderful animals I had killed since I had been in that great forest;
then putting lots of wood on the fires, I lay down to sleep. In the
middle of the night Ndova uttered several shrill cries of fear which
resounded strangely. I jumped out of my bed, revolver in hand, lighted
a torch quickly, and went to his house, followed by Andekko, who had
been lying by my side. Ndova's eyes glared, his hair stood erect. He
gave several grunts, and jumped from one part of his house to the
other. Something had evidently disturbed him. Looking carefully on the
ground, I saw the trail of a huge snake.

While all this was going on within his hearing, Rogala did not dare to
say a word. All was perfectly silent in his little house. When he came
out in the morning, he said to me: "The new moon did not see me."

In the afternoon Shinshooko and Alapai made their appearance. They had
gone into the forest to hide, fearing that the moon would mark them
also for destruction.

The following day Rogala went hunting and returned with a very high
fever. He had had a sudden chill on the way. His skin was very hot,
and he had a very violent headache. I made him lie down, and lighted
several fires round him to act as blankets. I was afraid he had an
attack of malignant fever, which carries off people very quickly,
sometimes in less than twelve hours. I gave him a very large dose of
quinine, and bathed his burning head with cool water from the spring. I
watched over him all night.

He was better the next day, and said to me: "Oguizi, some persons have
bewitched me; they are jealous, for you are my friend, and you love me,
a poor slave, and they say, 'Why should the great Oguizi love Rogala?'
and they want me to die."

I replied, "Rogala, nobody wants you to die."

"Yes," he replied very earnestly, "somebody wants me to die, but
fortunately I have a powerful mondah which is stronger against
witchcraft than the machinations and incantations of the sorcerers or

While he was talking, I said to myself: "I suppose that if Rogala
should die while with me, the people would say that I had caused his
death; that I wanted his spirit to follow me when I left the country
because I loved him." I remembered that a man had died the day after
I had left a village, and the people there to this day believe that I
caused his death for this reason.

So I was very anxious about Rogala, for not only should I regret his
death, but I could not foretell what would happen afterwards.

But he got quite well soon, though his face began again to show signs
of anxiety. He seemed almost afraid of our camp, and even suggested
that we might build another camp at some other place. He hinted that
the place had been bewitched.

"By whom?" I asked, laughing.

"I do not know," he answered.

"Only your friends Shinshooko and Alapai have been here. You do not
mean to say that they wish you to be ill and die? Do not be afraid," I
said earnestly, in order to convince him. "You will not die; the Oguizi
will keep you with him."

These words seemed to reassure him somewhat, but I could see that he
was still anxious.



THE next day after our talk Rogala, bending low and taking one of my
feet in both his hands, said with great fervor: "Oguizi, I want to
go home, and if you let me go I will be back in four days. Yes," he
repeated, "I will be back in four days. Shinshooko and Alapai will
remain with you."

I said: "You can go, Rogala." I did not wish to ask him why he wanted
to go home, but I suspected that he wanted to consult the big idol
about the illness from which he had recovered, and to try to find out
who had bewitched him.

Early the following morning he departed, and I followed him for a short
distance and bade him an affectionate farewell.

I had learned to love Rogala, for he was thoughtful, affectionate, and
brave. When with me I always felt that he would never leave me in the

Strange to say, Shinshooko and Alapai did not come back that day or
night. Were they lost, or had they been killed by gorillas or elephants?

Andekko seemed to know that I was left all alone, and was watching most
carefully, walking constantly around our fence and sniffing to find
out if there were intruders near. When he had gone round two or three
times, he would come back and lie at my feet. Twice during the day he
growled, but a few words addressed to him prevented him from barking.
We had taught him not to bark when within the camp, but at every growl
he gave I listened attentively. Perhaps he had heard the footsteps
of Shinshooko and Alapai. Each time the noise had probably been made
by some passing antelope or other animal. At any rate, my ladder was
inside, and no enemy could reach me unawares.

I did not go out that day. I cleaned "Bulldog" and my other guns, and
mended my clothes.

At night I lighted two extra big fires. How strange was the glare of
the flames among the big trees that surrounded me! The wind was blowing
very hard, for I could hear the rustling of the leaves on the top of
the trees. Twice I heard the piercing cries of owls.

I hardly slept. Andekko was wide awake, his ears pricking up at the
least noise. Now and then he would go round and round, and when he had
made sure that there was nothing, he would return and lie by the fire.
At last morning came.

After my breakfast I left the camp, leaving the premises in charge
of Andekko, after giving him a good meal and providing more food for
him. As I marched along, Ndova, who accompanied me, was looking for
something to eat. I heard him utter the chuckle that always meant he
had found something good. I went towards him, and found him regaling
himself. Looking round, I saw growing on the trunk of a tree large
grape-like bunches of a beautiful fruit of a bright scarlet color. Each
fruit was of the shape of a very large olive. There were about ten of
these bunches on the trunk, and each was about fifteen to eighteen
inches long. The seed was large, but the pulp was quite juicy and
somewhat acid, with a very pleasant flavor. I petted Ndova to show him
that I appreciated his discovery.

       *       *       *       *       *

If I could have followed Rogala with my eyes on his way from the time
he left the camp, I could have seen him (as I afterwards learned from
his own account, when he returned) the first day tramping along as fast
as he could, now and then stopping and taking his idol from his bag
and putting it on the ground, and then talking to her as he would to an
old trusted friend; asking her to protect him against witchcraft, to
kill his enemies, and to let him go back safe to the Oguizi. When the
evening came, he lighted several fires, and took again his little idol
from his bag, and made numerous invocations to her. Poor Rogala was
very unhappy, for he was fully persuaded that somebody had bewitched
him. During the night he heard an owl, and he thought some of his
enemies had taken that shape and were following him.

The following day, at daybreak, Rogala left the place where he had
slept, and walked as fast as his legs could carry him; then he came
to a small plantation where lived a great medicine man, and promised
him three brass rods which I had given him if he would follow him. The
medicine man assented; then they went to a place where years before
Rogala had buried a powerful mondah to drive away witchcraft from the

The medicine man made many incantations over the mondah before Rogala
dug it out. The mondah was composed of several skulls of nshiegos and
bones of other animals. When he had dug up all the relics, Rogala
packed them carefully in the otaitai he had with him, then rose and
retraced his steps towards our camp, carrying with him the powerful
mondah which was to drive away witchcraft from our camp. He was now

The morning of the day that Rogala had promised to return I went
into the forest without taking Ndova or Andekko with me. I had
"Bulldog,"--not that I wanted to use it, but I thought it was prudent
to have my most powerful weapon with me; "for, who knows?" said I to
myself, "somebody might come into our camp and steal my best friend
'Bulldog.' It is better to be on the safe side in case something
unforeseen should happen." I also took with me a hundred steel-pointed

I found a place where there was a kind of berry I had not seen before,
but I did not dare to eat any before Ndova had tasted of them. I took
a few of them with me to give them to him on my return. If they were
good, then I would come to get more the following day. I continued
to go further, thinking that I might find a koola tree, when, to my
terror, I found that I had been on the point of stepping over a huge
snake, my heel almost brushing it as it touched the ground. The snake
lay across the path, and was just the color of the dead leaves. I ran
instinctively from the reptile, then stopped. I could not help it, but
every time I came unawares upon a dangerous snake my first impulse was
always to move away quickly. Then, when I thought I was out of danger,
I took my hunting-knife and cut a long, somewhat slender stick, then
retraced my steps and looked at the snake. It was thick and short,
with a triangular head. I could see by the shape of its head that it
was poisonous. Raising my stick, I let it fall heavily upon its spine,
breaking it and thus preventing the ugly reptile from turning upon me
and from retreating or advancing. But the breaking of his spine did not
prevent him from hissing at me when I faced him. Another blow crushed
his head; his fangs could not possibly do any more harm, and how big
these were! I cut his head off and threw it away. Then I saw that he
had swallowed a tiny little gazelle that was not yet digested. I cut
the snake into several pieces to take with me to the camp, for I knew
that my hunters were very fond of snakes. Then I retraced my steps
towards the camp.

As I approached, I thought I saw through the jungle a man by the fence
just at the foot of the ladder. I was astounded. I could not believe my
eyes. Had any one discovered our abode? Was the inside of our fortress
full of enemies waiting for Rogala, Shinshooko, Alapai, and me? How was
it that Andekko did not bark? Had they killed dear Andekko? Ndova's
voice was not to be heard. Was he killed also? I looked at "Bulldog,"
then lay flat on the ground and crawled, like a snake, on my stomach
towards the man. I lost sight of him for a few seconds, and I thought
he had gone. "Then," said I to myself, "our abode has been discovered,
and this man has gone to tell the news to his people, who will surely
come and attack us."

Fortunately I got sight of the man again. I stood perfectly still,
watching him through the jungle. Suddenly it occurred to me that his
skin was of the same color as that of Rogala. I looked and looked.
Yes, it was Rogala. There was no mistake about it. I recognized his
body, though at first I could not recognize his face, for it was so
disfigured by being painted with ochre. One side was yellow, the other
side white, and his forehead was red.

But what was he doing? I came nearer and watched. I saw his idol by his
side, and near it skulls of animals, pieces of broken plates from the
white man's country, and some large sea-shells. I recognized the skulls
as those of nshiegos and two or three as those of monkeys. I saw Rogala
bury them at the foot of the ladder; then he covered them with earth,
put dead leaves upon the spot, and tried to make it as natural-looking
as it was before. Then he went to the place where we hid the ladder,
and came back with it. Taking a monkey he had killed, he climbed the
ladder, and soon after was inside. I heard Andekko's bark of joy and
Ndova's muttering of contentment.

I remained still awhile, then went hunting again, so that when I
returned Rogala could not possibly suspect that I had seen him, and
about two hours afterwards I returned to the camp.

Dear Rogala was very happy to see me again. Immediately after his
arrival he had made a big fire to get charcoal in order to roast the
monkey he had killed on his way back to the camp. In the meantime I
presented him with the pieces of the snake I had killed. The berries I
had gathered were good, for Ndova ate them, and when I tasted them I
found them very palatable. Then Rogala lighted his pipe and looked at

His body had been cut very badly by the sword-grass; so he washed
himself with warm water, then rubbed himself with oil, and lay flat on
a mat by the fire. He was very tired. As he saw that I was looking at
him, he said:

"The reason I am so cut by the sword-grass is because I travelled a
part of the night. I had told you that I would be back on the fourth
day and I wanted to keep my word. I walked with a torch which I made
from the gum of an elimi tree I found on the way, but though the torch
gave a good light, once in a while I found myself entangled in the
midst of long sword-grass." Then he added: "If I had not found that
elimi tree, I could not have walked in the dark, for if I had been
without a torch a prowling leopard in search of prey might have pounced
upon me, and then you would never have seen your friend Rogala again."

Before we went to sleep I said: "Rogala, I know where you have been, I
know why you left me." Rogala's face began to appear frightened, for he
evidently thought I knew what he had done. Without giving him time to
reply, I continued: "You went to dig up an old mondah from the ground,
and you brought it here; you have buried it where we hang our ladder."

Rogala looked at me with a sort of dread, then taking hold of my feet,
he said: "Oguizi, you know everything." Then he told me what I have
just recounted to you, and concluded: "Now no witchcraft can come here."

Shortly afterwards Shinshooko and Alapai, who had gone to see if any
animals had been caught in their various traps, returned, but without



ONE day at daylight Rogala and I left our camp, I taking my light
rifle, and Rogala his gun and a net. After we had climbed over our
fence we could hear Andekko barking and Ndova's voice of discontent.
They wanted to go with us and disliked being left behind.

After about four hours' tramp we came to the region of the pineapple,
and we stopped there. At the end of about two hours more, we were
startled by the voice of a "man of the woods." Rogala whispered to me:
"Nshiego-nkengo! He is not very far from us." In the distance we heard
the voice of his mate answering his call. They kept answering each
other; but neither Rogala nor I could understand them, for they were
speaking the language of the nshiego-nkengos. Rogala whispered to me:
"The 'man' is telling his mate to come, for he has found pineapples.
Let us go towards him and hide ourselves."

We went forward as noiselessly as a fish or a leopard. We advanced
slowly, looking upon the ground each time we put down our feet, for
fear of stepping upon some little dead branches of trees. We put aside
most carefully with one of our hands the jungle that was in our way,
for we knew that the least noise would make the animals suspicious.

On account of the great care we took to make no noise our advance was
very slow, but forward we went, and nearer and nearer we came to the
"men of the woods." At last we heard the rustling they made as they
moved about in the jungle. We advanced with still greater care, when,
lo! I saw the two creatures. I did not even dare to give a click of
warning, for fear that their quick ears would hear it. Fortunately
Rogala had seen them also. We looked at each other, and I made a sign
to him that we must not fire at them, and to remain where we stood.

The two nshiego-nkengos had their backs turned towards us, so we could
not see their faces. They were seated close together. Now and then
they stretched out their arms to reach the pineapples before them. I
could hear them biting them, uttering now and then a peculiar sound of
contentment, showing how pleased they were with their food.

The hair covering their bodies was thin and black, and I could see that
it grew over a yellow skin. I could also see the backs of the large
yellow ears. That was all. There were many pineapples all round them.

I was much excited. Then the nshiegos turned partly round and I could
see their profiles. I saw their pale yellowish faces, which reminded
me of the color of the sunburnt Moor of the desert, but no sun had
given them that complexion, for the sun does not penetrate the forest.
I noticed that their ears were somewhat the shape of those of man,
but much larger, and that the lobes were flattened. Their lips were
so thin that the mouth seemed to have been made by the skin being cut
transversely, but it was very large. They had long slender hands, with
palms whiter than their faces; their feet were also very long and
slender. Their legs had no calves, and were very short. Their arms were
very long. They gradually turned right towards us. Their faces were
wrinkled like those of very old people, some of whom have that peculiar
colorless skin. Their eyes looked strange and had something human in
them, and seemed to be all the time on the lookout.

The male got hold of a large yellow pineapple that was quite ripe, and
the female took it away from him. He uttered a sort of guttural
sound, as if to say, "All right, you are welcome to it," and he picked
another. Then they began to pick them one after another, and four
mouthfuls disposed of a large pineapple.

[Illustration: "_The two nshiego-nkengos had their backs turned towards
us and were eating pineapples_."]

After a while they moved away. Rogala raised his gun, looking at me. I
made a sign to him not to fire. I did not want to kill them. "Perhaps
we shall meet them in the forest," I said to myself, "and I may have a
chance to study their ways." I did not even shout to scare them. They
moved off gradually, and we went back to our camp.

The following day we took Andekko with us. Towards noon we were
startled by the fierce barking of the dog, and heard the shrill cry of
a nshiego-nkengo. Soon we came to the place, and saw Andekko looking
up a tree at a young nshiego which I thought to be about a year old,
and barking fiercely. He was glaring at the dog, the hair of his body
erect, and was uttering sounds of defiance, not of fear. He seemed to
know that he was safe where he was, and that the dog could not climb
the tree.

"Let us try to capture the baby nshiego-nkengo if we can," said I to

In the meantime Andekko kept barking at the little fellow, who kept
looking at him, uttering now and then a sort of "whoe, whoe." He
seemed to say to the dog, "You cannot catch me." Here we were, Rogala,
Andekko, and I, at the foot of the tree, and the young nshiego-nkengo
looking at us from one of its branches.

We found that from a young tree with slender branches he had succeeded
in reaching the tree where he was. The only thing to be done was to
watch for the time when, driven by hunger, he would come down.

In the meantime we heard far away in the distance the calls of his
mother. We kept a sharp lookout for her, for though nshiegos are very
shy, we were not sure that she would not attack us. She evidently
thought her young one was somewhere in the forest looking for her. We
spoke loud to scare her.

At last I said to Rogala: "Watch here while I go to the camp to feed
Ndova, for the probability is that we shall have to sleep at the foot
of the tree to-night."

I went to the camp and fed Ndova, and returned with some food and two
axes. Andekko was almost exhausted from his constant barking, which had
become quite hoarse and indistinct. The yellow pale face of the little
nshiego-nkengo with his big eyes looked at us from his tree. The
evening came, and there was no prospect of his coming down.

We slept in the forest, the little nshiego-nkengo still on the tree.
"The only thing for us to do, Rogala," said I in the morning, "is to
cut the tree down. Then we will watch and throw the net over him."

"That is so, Oguizi," replied Rogala; "only we must see that Andekko
does not get hold of him, for he will surely strangle him."

We set to work, and soon the young tree fell with the little nshiego,
and before Andekko had time to nab him, Rogala had thrown the net over
him. We had quite a job to keep Andekko away, and not before Rogala had
shown him a stick he had great respect for, was he quieted.

We returned to the camp with our prize, and by daylight we heard the
mother's loud calls. The little fellow responded with shrieks. Andekko
barked furiously, and in an instant we were outside our palisades,
leaving Andekko within. Shortly after we succeeded in approaching the
old nshiego-nkengo unseen, and killed her.

Ndova did not seem to take to the addition to our family. The two
looked at each other in a strange way. But the next day they were
more friendly, and the third day they had become friends, and were
trying to discover insects upon each other's bodies. It took a few
days more to make Andekko and Nshiego friends. Finally, however, the
great pleasure of Andekko was to lie down by Nshiego and let himself
be scratched. In three days Nshiego had become quite tame, but in less
than a week he died.



I HAD been so long in the forest and had led such a life that I could
not remember the day of the week and the date of the month. I was not
sure whether I was at the end of July or at the beginning of August,
nor could I tell if I was north or south of the equator.

The only way for me to find out these things was to make astronomical
observations, to find out my latitude and longitude. While in that
great and apparently boundless forest I compared myself to a mariner,
all alone in a boat, without compass, in the middle of the ocean,
having for days a cloudy and gray sky above his head which hid the sun,
the moon, and the stars from his sight, so that he could not know in
what direction to steer his boat. The foliage of the trees above my
head took the place of the gray and cloudy sky.

I said to Rogala, Shinshooko, and Alapai: "It is a long time since I
have seen the sun, the moon, and the stars, for when I look up I see
nothing but leaves which hide the heavens from my sight. I wish to go
to a large open place, to a river where I can see the sun, the moon,
and the stars, for I want to speak to them and consult them."

When my hunters heard me speak in that manner, all three looked at me
with wonder. Their eyes stood wide open with astonishment and seemed to
be twice as big as before.

Rogala replied: "Oguizi, about two days' journey from our camp there is
a river with a long sandy island which always comes out during the dry
season when the water is low. On that island you will be able to see
the sun, the moon, and the stars."

It was agreed that Shinshooko and Alapai should return to their home
and tell the news about us to be sent to Chief Rotembo.

By daylight the following day we were ready to start. We hid the
ladder at some distance from our camp, and bade one another farewell.
Shinshooko and Alapai soon disappeared from our sight.

We took an old hunting-path that led to the river and sandy island.
Rogala and I had each a heavy load to carry. Rogala carried the
"precious box" on his back in an otaitai, some smoked elephant meat,
his gun, ammunition, two axes, a machete, and some food. I carried
"Bulldog," ammunition, and koola nuts. Andekko and Ndova had nothing to
carry. Andekko seemed to know that we were on a journey and that he had
to follow us. Ndova was tied on the "precious box" and stood on the top
of it.

The hunting-path was almost obliterated, as it was so seldom used.
Trees had fallen across it in many places. In some the jungle had grown
over it. In others we had to pass under the branches of some fallen
trees or walk on the roots.

Towards noon we stopped to eat and rest a little while, then we
continued on our way. How silent was the forest! Not even the shrill
cry of a monkey or of a parrot was heard. Once in a while we could hear
the fall of a leaf or the gentle murmur of some little stream winding
its way towards some unknown river.

A little before dark we stopped, and made our camp for the night. We
collected a large quantity of dead branches of trees that had fallen on
the ground for our fires, and lighted many, and after a hearty meal of
boiled elephant meat we fell asleep.

By daylight we were up and continued our journey. We slept again in
the forest, though we were near the river. The following morning we
stood upon its bank, and I saw in the middle of the stream a long sandy

Rogala, pointing out the island to me, said: "Oguizi, this is the
island of which I spoke."

Putting our loads on the ground, we took our axes, and cut down trees
to build a raft.

When the raft was ready, Rogala put upon it the "precious box," Ndova,
and Andekko, and then crossed to the island. Ndova was very much afraid
of the water, and clung to Rogala, who, after landing the box, the
monkey, and the dog, came back for me.

An exclamation of joy arose involuntarily to my lips as I landed. How
lovely was the blue sky, in the midst of which transparent white clouds
were moving slowly! How cheerful was the sunshine! It felt so good to
tread upon the soft white sand, to be in a place where there was not a
tree, not even a blade of grass. In a word, the island was beautifully
bare of vegetation. I was so tired of trees and of the forests. I
rolled in the sand, lay on my back, and looked at the blue sky.

"We will remain on this island for a few days," I said to Rogala, "and
to-morrow we will build a shelter for ourselves. During the day we will
go into the forest to hunt and seek food. In the evening we will
return to the island."

[Illustration: "_When the raft was ready Rogala, Ndova, and Andekko
crossed to the island_."]

We crossed the river again on our raft, leaving Andekko and Ndova in
possession of the island.

We collected building material, cut poles and sticks, gathered large
leaves to be used instead of slates or shingles for roofing, and for
walls wide pieces of bark; also much firewood. After a few trips all
our material was landed on the island.

First I measured the ground, and decided that the house should be about
ten feet long and seven feet wide. We planted sticks about one foot
apart, reaching a height of about five feet above the ground. Then we
fastened the bark along these sticks, and left an opening to be used
as a door, and made a few loopholes so that we could fire from them in
case we were attacked by the natives. I always took great precautions,
though I was not afraid of the people. My guns, rifles, a certain
amount of ammunition were always near my bed. I slept dressed and with
my shoes on. "Always be ready in case of a sudden attack," I said to
Rogala, and he replied: "You are right, Oguizi."

Then we placed a beam upon two big forked sticks to support the roof,
and covered our roof with the large leaves, arranging them on the top
of one another just like shingles. We also built a platform in case we
should need it for smoking meat.

Then I walked all over the island, and discovered buried in the sand a
number of turtle's eggs, to my great joy, for turtle's eggs are very
good to eat. There were so many of them that we should not have starved
had we remained quite a while on the island, for not only did we find
many eggs but we captured a number of turtles. When I returned from my
tour of investigation, Rogala was talking to his idol.

We boiled a number of turtle's eggs, and having salt with us we
enjoyed them immensely. If I had had some oil or wild boar's fat, what
delicious turtle's-egg omelette we could have made! After breakfast we
fished, and were lucky enough to catch some fish, to our great delight.
These we broiled on charcoal for our dinner. The day passed rather
slowly, for I was anxious for the night to come.



AT last the sun set behind the trees. Darkness came on, and the stars
made their appearance one by one. Soon the heavens glittered with
them. The murmur of the wind passing through the top of the trees and
the gentle noise of the river gliding along the shores were all that
disturbed the absolute silence of the night. I was happy to see the
stars again. How beautiful they were in the blue heavens!

I gazed upon them silently for quite a while, then I said to them: "I
love you, dear twinkling stars, for you are my friends and companions
of the night. Without you I should be lost in this great forest. You
and the moon tell me where I am. I miss you ever so much when I am
without you. I feel lonely without you."

But I missed many of the stars that I loved at home. The little ship
that had carried me across the ocean to those southern latitudes had
taken me away from them. Many stars that were unknown to me had taken
their place, and though they were beautiful and I admired them, I did
not love them. The stars that twinkle and look down upon the bright
glittering snow, the Mississippi, the Rocky Mountains, the Alleghanies,
upon our great lakes, prairies, dales, and hills, upon the pine, the
oak, the beech, the elm, and the birch, upon the violets, buttercups,
and goldenrods, were those I loved the best.

An uncontrollable fit of sadness seized me as I missed them. I thought
of home, of friends. Tears filled my eyes, I could not help it.
Fortunate was it that Rogala was not near me. He might have thought
that the Oguizi was, after all, a human being.

But there were stars that were old friends. The Pleiades were there,
the stars of the constellation of the Great Bear. Vega, that I loved so
much at home, seemed to be right above me; so were Aldebaran and the
stars of the constellation of Orion. Here the position of the stars
made the sword perfectly straight.

The sky of the southern hemisphere was very unlike that of the
northern. One of the most striking sights was the constellation of
the Cross, commonly known by mariners as the Southern Cross, composed
of four brilliant stars. The three brightest stars in the heavens,
Sirius, Canopus, Centaur, filled a part of the heavens with their light.

Mars, Venus, Saturn, and Jupiter were looking upon me. That part of the
Milky Way between the stars Sirius and Centaur was so rich in stars and
crowded nebulæ that it seemed a perfect blaze of light.

There were the Magellanic clouds, white-looking patches, made
up of countless stars unseen to the eye, and nebulæ,--stars in
formation,--shining brilliantly and revolving round the starless South

Then, looking northward, I saw the constellation of the Great Bear,
which reaches its meridian altitude at about the same time as the
constellations of the Cross and of the Centaur.

I gazed upon the heavens almost all of the night. I was perfectly
oblivious of everything else. Stars appeared and disappeared. They were
like a succession of guests coming and going.

At last I said good-night to the stars, and pulling my old panama hat
over my head, to protect my eyes from the rays of the moon, I soon fell
asleep on the sand, under the blue heavens and the stars twinkling over
me. I dreamt of friends, of boys and girls at home, of the North Star,
of snow, of strawberries, peaches, and jam. I was suddenly awakened
by the sharp barking of Andekko. It was broad daylight. Rogala was
cooking turtle's eggs. Ndova was looking at me. All the stars had
disappeared, and the sun had risen to give life and food to the sons of
men, for without the sun there would be no life, no vegetation upon the
earth. I spent the day quietly, waiting impatiently for the night to
take astronomical observations.

After sunset I said to Rogala: "Bring me the 'precious box.'" After he
had laid it at my feet I opened it.

Rogala stood up close to me, looking on with mingled feelings of
curiosity and fear. First, I took from the box two sextants--one was
to determine the altitude of the stars, planets, and moon; the other
the distance between them from east to west, or _vice versa_. Then I
took out a trough, which I filled up with quicksilver to be used as an
artificial horizon, on which the stars were to be reflected.

From a little copper-screwed water-tight box I took two watches out
of four which all marked the seconds, a bull's-eye lantern, and
other objects that excited the wonder of Rogala. Before taking the
observations, I thought I would have some fun with Rogala. I placed my
telescope in position for Jupiter and said to him: "In the land of the
Oguizi this star is called Jupiter. Do you see little stars round it?"
I meant the satellites.

[Illustration: "_When I was ready to take observations, I seated myself
cross-legged before the artificial horizon._"]

"No," he replied.

"There are stars near it," said I, "but your eyes cannot see them. I
will show them to you."

Then I made him look with the telescope towards Jupiter, and he saw the
satellites. He looked at me with awe, then with wonder. Fortunately he
knew I would not harm him, but throwing himself at my feet, he took
hold of them and exclaimed: "You are a great Oguizi. My eyes have seen
what no other black man's have seen before;" then he got up and in a
loud voice invoked the spirits of his ancestors to protect and watch
over him, and shouted, "Great indeed is the Oguizi."

When I was ready to take observations, I seated myself cross-legged
before the artificial horizon. On my right was a sextant to take the
distance between the moon and the lunar stars that were in position.
Close by was one of the watches; also the magnifying-glass to help me
to read the degrees, minutes, and seconds on the sextant.

On my left was the sextant for taking altitudes, near which was the
slate with pencil to write down the figures, and the bull's-eye lantern
was lighted to help me to read the sextant. Also a thermometer for
ascertaining the temperature.

The most important thing was to make the observations as quickly as
possible and read from the watch the space of time between them.

After spending four hours in making observations I stopped. I looked at
Rogala. He was fast asleep, for he was very tired and had worked hard
during the day. I awoke him, and we went to our little hut and lay down
to sleep. We knew that if natives came up or down the river Andekko
would warn us in time.

When I awoke, Rogala was still asleep. Ndova had his eyes shut and
his head was hanging down on his breast. Andekko lay across the door,
apparently asleep, but as soon as he heard me he wagged his tail and
followed me to the river and remained by me until I had had a good bath.

For three days and three nights I worked very hard. I took many
observations, and made calculations which showed my latitude,
longitude, the day of the month and of the week, and gave me the month
in which I was. I found that it was Wednesday, the 17th of August, that
I was ninety miles south of the equator, and two hundred and ten miles
in the interior.



NOW that I knew from my astronomical observations where I was, and what
was the day of the month and week, I said to Rogala: "Let us go and
hunt in the forest, for possibly I may kill some animals or birds I
have never seen before. I have done talking to the stars, the moon, and
the sun for some time now."

As we were ready to go across the river, I said to Rogala: "We must
take our axes with us, for who knows if some wandering natives may not
be roaming here and take our raft? If we have our axes, we can make
another one quickly." Then we embarked, taking also Andekko and Ndova
with us.

After landing, we hid our axes carefully in two different places; one
was put in the hollow of a tree, the other under dried leaves. We were
walking silently, Rogala leading, for the path was very difficult to
follow, being often obliterated by the jungle or fallen branches.

All at once Ndova ran towards me, seeming very much frightened. His
eyes were almost starting out of his head, and he sprang upon me and
held fast and close to my clothing. He looked in a certain direction,
then uttered a cry of anger and defiance towards the place. I whispered
to Rogala: "What can be the cause of Ndova's fright and anger? Look at
his hair! It is standing up all over his body."

"Probably a snake," replied Rogala.

We went carefully towards the spot whence Ndova had come, and saw a
huge python coiled round a tree, watching for prey. We killed the
reptile, which was nearly twenty feet long. Rogala cut it into many
pieces, packed them together in large leaves, and hung the parcel on
the branch of a tree, and said with evident glee: "When we return I
will take the parcel with me, for the snake is fat, and will make good

We continued to follow the path, looking all around us for game, and
walked as lightly as we could. The footsteps of Rogala, who wore no
shoes, could not be heard.

Soon Ndova began to call for monkeys. His power of scent or of hearing
was so great that he had detected the presence of monkeys, though we
could hear nothing. His calls were soon answered. Then we made him fast
to a cord, for fear that he would go away from us. Each side kept on
talking and answering each other, and the cries of the flock of monkeys
to which he was talking came nearer and nearer. Then they suddenly
stopped. Had Ndova warned them not to come nearer? I thought I had
detected a peculiar sound that was unlike those he always uttered when
he wanted ndovas to come. I might be mistaken, but, after all, they did
not come, and we did not hear them utter a single cry.

We continued on our way. After a while we heard in the distance the
fierce and angry barking of Andekko. We listened, then shouted at the
top of our voices, "Andekko, Andekko," so that he might know we were
not far from him. He was evidently not pursuing game, for the barking
was stationary.

Rogala said to me: "Let us go through the jungle towards him and see
what causes this fierce barking."

"Yes," said I, "let us go and see what is the matter."

So we left the path, and went through the thick jungle, breaking some
of the branches as we went along to guide us on our way back.

Louder and louder became Andekko's barking as we neared the spot
where he was, when suddenly the barking ceased. The face of Rogala
became anxious, and he said to me in a low voice: "Perhaps Andekko has
been pounced upon by a snake, which is now coiled round him, and has
squeezed him to death."

"That may be so," I replied. "Let us hurry." So we went, careless of
the noise we made. We had only our dear Andekko in our minds, and we
wanted to save his life, and, if too late, wreak our vengeance upon his

"Dear Andekko," I said to myself, "I think a great deal of you, for
you have been such a faithful dog, and have rescued us so often from
starvation. I will surely kill the animal that has killed or even hurt

As we approached the spot, I thought I heard a peculiar noise. I
listened. There was no mistake about it. Andekko was alive, and seemed
to be busy choking some animal or other.

Rogala and I advanced towards the spot, and came to a dark place in the
forest, where a number of big trees had fallen upon each other. Under
all was a dark recess, a sort of den, and the dog was there. We shouted
"Andekko, Andekko," and he came out with a small leopard in his mouth.
We were before a leopard's den; both the father and mother of the cubs
had gone in search of prey for them.

"There is no time to be lost," said Rogala to me. "I will go into the
den and get the leopard's cubs if Andekko has not killed them all.
Watch carefully, Oguizi, while I am in, and if the leopards come, let
'Bulldog' send them their death-blow."

Rogala had perfect faith in "Bulldog," and believed in its supernatural

In the meantime Andekko was barking furiously outside, and it was all
we could do to prevent him from again going inside. If he did, he would
surely kill the rest of the young leopards, if he had not done so
before. I watched carefully while Rogala was getting within; my eyes
were everywhere around; "Bulldog" was cocked, and I was ready for any
sudden coming of papa and mamma leopard. I felt that I must be quick in
aiming at them in case they made their appearance together.

In the twinkling of an eye, however, Rogala came out of the den holding
two little live leopards by the neck. There were two others, he said,
that were dead, and Andekko had had hold of these two.

Rogala looked at me anxiously, and said: "Oguizi, if the leopards are
on their way back with food for their little ones, we shall have a bad
time. Their anger will be terrible when they see some of their young
dead and torn to pieces, and others missing. They will scour the
forest in search of their enemy. They move very fast if they have the
scent, making one immense bound after another."

"I will set fire to the leopard's den," I replied; "there are many dead
branches, and the fire will spread quickly, and the leopards will not
know about our being here." At the same time I lighted a match, and set
fire to a spot where there were many dead branches and dried leaves.
Soon everything was in a blaze, but in that great and damp forest fires
never spread far. We left the spot, and as soon as we were in the path
we ran as fast as our feet and legs could carry us towards the river
and our island, with visions of leopards bounding at full speed after
us. Once in a while I could hear the voice of Rogala say: "Go on,
Oguizi, go on!" At other times when I saw him flagging, I would shout:
"Come on, come on, Rogala!"

I was quite ahead after a while, and as I came in sight of the river I
saw a number of savage-looking men on our island. I counted twenty of
them. They looked fierce, and their bodies were covered with war-paint.
They carried ugly-looking barbed spears and shields made of elephant
skins. Their leader walked ahead of them. He was short, and looked
fiercer than the rest. They advanced cautiously, and suddenly they
stopped and looked frightened. They were looking at my Waterbury clock,
and as soon as they heard the tick-tock they turned suddenly and fled
in great haste towards their canoe. In a jiffy they left, filled with
fear, and paddled away down the river with the greatest speed. I
followed them with my eyes until they disappeared behind a bend of the

[Illustration: "_Rogala came out of the den holding two little live
leopards by the neck._"]

When Rogala rejoined me, I told him what I had seen, and he said:
"Those people live higher up the river, and are going to visit their

I drew a long breath of relief as soon as we got upon our raft, for we
did not know but that the leopards were after us.

Suddenly Rogala said: "I have forgotten the snake."

"Never mind," I said to him, "we will go after turtle's eggs."

We had reached the island just in good time, for soon after we heard
the roaring of the leopards. They had scented us.

Happily the water was between us. Their rage knew no bounds, for they
saw the impassable barrier between us. I said to Rogala: "Hold one of
the little leopards up by the neck so that they can see him." Then I
fired and succeeded in killing one of the leopards. The other then
fled, and we never heard of it again.

That night I slept with "Bulldog" within my arms, and rested my head on
the belt holding my revolvers to be ready in case the men we had seen
should come back.

The following day we went into the forest in search of game, in spite
of our fear that the leopard might still be in the neighborhood. The
first thing we did was to collect berries and nuts for Ndova. Finding
no game, we returned to our island. Ndova was delighted when we brought
him berries. When he could eat no more, he filled his two pouches to
their full capacity.



THE time had come for us to leave the island and go back to our camp.
I was very much pleased with our trip. Now I kept the days carefully.
We cooked hard all the turtle's eggs we had and roasted the fish we
had caught. Fish tasted very good, for we had been so long without it.
Rogala loaded the raft with our outfit. On his return, after landing
the latter, I embarked and bade good-bye to the island and to the sun,
the moon, and the stars.

It was not long before I heard in the distance a noise like a storm
amongst the branches of the trees. The sound was peculiar. Monkeys
were coming towards me. This noise always proclaimed their approach.
When they came in sight, I saw there was a troop of about thirty of
them; they were ndovas. On their march onward, they flung themselves
from branch to branch, travelling with very great speed. The branch
upon which they alighted bent sometimes ten and fifteen feet under
their weight, and rebounded with great force after they had sprung
to another. Sometimes they were high up in the tree-tops. Then they
descended, to go up higher again. They never sprang upon a branch that
could not rebound, and it was during the rebound that they leaped
to another, never making a mistake. Their eyes were too quick to
miss their mark. They calculated the distance they could spring with
marvellous accuracy.

They followed their leader, a big fellow, in quick succession and in
silence, and seemed to go four or five abreast. They used chiefly their
arms to grasp the branches upon which they alighted and their legs to
support themselves. They were so quick in their motion that my eyes
often could not follow the movement of their limbs. The end of branches
often struck against their faces, but apparently did them no harm, as
they swung in the same direction. So they went forward, leaving behind
them branches of the trees still swaying for quite a while, filling the
forest with their tremor.

They were travelling parallel with the hunting-path, and seemed to go
at the rate of fifteen miles or more an hour. Soon they were out of my
sight. Gradually the noise they made became less and less and less
and then ceased. They were far away. I continued on my way towards the
plantation. After a few miles I heard the chatter of ndovas, and came
upon a tree upon which they were feeding. They seemed to be having a
great carnival of joy amongst themselves. I was interested in looking
at them, hidden in a thick bush, and did not wish to kill any, as we
had food enough in the camp. They made queer faces at each other; the
leader would give now and then a fruit to one of his female companions.

When we got sight of our camp, we looked around and listened awhile,
but nobody was there. We went after the ladder, climbed it, and soon
were within the enclosure. Ndova's house was just as it was. Rogala's
house for the new moon was intact. The large stock of firewood we had
gathered was all there. Nothing had been disturbed. Our abode had been
discovered by no one.

Two days after Shinshooko and Alapai returned loaded with plantains. We
were glad to see them again, and enjoyed the plantains prodigiously.

A few days after our return I went into the forest in search of game.
Towards noon I heard, at some distance from the path, a noise made by
some animal. I left the path and went in the direction of the noise.
The jungle in that part of the forest was not thick, and I could walk

After a while I saw amidst the trees some black objects moving ahead
of me. At first I thought they were men, but soon discovered they were
nginas. I hid behind the trunk of a tree and watched them. There were
three nginas. I saw the biggest take a young tree several inches in
diameter, break it in two, and eat the heart of the wood.

The nginas were not old, and looked extremely human. They moved away
a little further, and where a fruit called tonda by the natives was
growing, they uttered chuckles of delight at their discovery. One
handed a tonda to one of the others. I was much afraid they would see
me, but after eating the tondas they moved further off and got into the
midst of some pineapples, which drew from them more guttural sounds
of content. The pineapples disappeared quickly. They ate at least ten
each. Then they rested and looked at one another.

Before long, however, they became suspicious, and moved away. I
followed in their tracks, but, in my eagerness to pursue them, I
omitted to make marks of any kind as I went along so that I could find
my way back. It was a great mistake.

Twice I came within sight of the nginas, but intervening branches and
overhanging lianas prevented me from using "Bulldog" and getting a shot
at them. Finally, I gave up the chase. Then I remembered that during my
excitement I had forgotten to mark the trees in order to find my way
back, and soon I realized that I was lost. I was in a great dilemma,
and I reproached myself for being so careless, and for not having
followed the advice that had been given me in the forest.

I walked one way, then another, but could see no traces whatever
of where I had been. I was lost, and the remembrance of my former
experience while hunting with Oshoria, the slaves of King Mombo, and my
other hunters, came vividly before me.

I began to be hungry also. I saw two big koola trees, but the boars had
been there, and eaten all the nuts that had fallen. I wished I could
have had a peep at these boars, I would have fired at them. Suddenly
down came a nut. I made for it at once. Then I said to myself: "I will
stay under this tree the rest of the day and camp here to-night, for
probably more nuts will fall during that time." I looked for water, and
found a little rivulet near by, which confirmed me in thinking this a
good place for a camp.

Another nut fell. I rushed towards it, broke it, and soon the kernel
was in my mouth. Then another nut fell, and another. No sound seemed to
me sweeter than that of the falling of the koola nuts. A strong wind
was evidently blowing, for the tops of the trees were shaking and the
leaves were quivering. "Blow hard," said I to the wind, "blow hard, for
the nuts will fall."

Listening to the sound of the nuts as they fell one after another, and
putting a lot of wood on the fire, I lay down to sleep, feeling a great
deal better after my meal.

The next morning I awoke perfectly fresh. During the day I came to a
tolerably well-trodden path, which was more used than all those I had
seen since I had been in my forest home. But I did not know in which
direction to follow it. Finally, I determined to follow the right. I
walked the rest of the day, but I found nothing to show me where I was
going. I was very hungry, but the koola nuts had kept me alive, with
the help of water.

I camped again that night in the forest. I put under my head as a
pillow my revolvers, and laid "Bulldog" by my side.



EARLY the next morning I was up, and followed the path until I came
to another which crossed it. This one was well trodden, showing that
it was quite frequented. The question again arose, which side must I
take. I concluded to take again the right. Soon after, I discovered
some plantain peelings and the remains of a fire. I was delighted at
the discovery, and stopped and roasted the peelings, which were better
than nothing. I did not like them, but I was very thankful that I had
found them. Further on I came to a place where the ground was soft, and
saw before me four well-marked human footprints. Two were much larger
than the others, and were evidently the marks of a full-grown man; the
others looked as if they were those of a woman.

I continued until I came to a place where these two people had rested.
I was overjoyed at this discovery, for I knew that they were going to
some village or plantation. Soon after I heard voices. I stopped,
and left the path and hid in the jungle behind a tree, watching for
people to pass. I waited and waited; no one passed. So I left my
hiding-place and returned to the path. A little further on I heard
more voices; then I left the path again, but I walked parallel with it
and was exceedingly careful, looking around everywhere constantly. I
had learned from the natives to walk parallel with a path and at some
distance from it in case one does not wish to meet people.

After a while I heard voices again, and this time many people were
talking together. Evidently I was near an encampment or a village.
A village at last came in sight. The houses had no back doors, and
numerous dead branches of trees were scattered round, so that it was
impossible for any one to come near without making a noise and so being
discovered. Apparently the people were holding a meeting, for now
and then I could hear a number of voices say, "Yo, Yo," in token of
approval of what the speaker was saying.

I went carefully round and saw that each end of the street was closed
by a fence made of strong poles varying in height from twelve to
fifteen feet and even more. At the top of many of the poles were
skulls of wild beasts. Clearly this village belonged to a warlike
tribe, whose people were always fighting. In the middle of the fence
was the gate, on each side of which stood two big idols of human size
and representing two women. How ugly they were! Each had a tongue of
iron coming out of the mouth about six inches long, sharp as a razor;
their eyes were of iron, they wore big ear-rings of copper of the
circumference of an ordinary plate; both wore head-dresses of brilliant
feathers. Their bodies were painted of different colors. One held a
stick in her hand, which she was brandishing; the other a snake, which
she was swinging. At their feet were bones of different animals, talons
and heads of eagles, heads of snakes, and many other things.

[Illustration: "_Clearly this village belonged to a warlike tribe,
whose people were always fighting_."]

There was a great noise inside. Soon I heard the tomtoms beat. They
sounded to me very warlike. As it was getting late, I decided not to
enter the village until the following morning, and retired noiselessly
into the forest at quite a distance from the village, and after
lighting my fires I went to sleep, wondering what sort of people I was
to encounter the following day.

At daylight I was up, but waited until the day was more advanced
before going to the village. I kept pondering whether the natives
would receive me well, run away, or show fight. At last I left my
hiding-place, and a short time afterwards I stood before the village
gate and between the two idols. I could hear numerous voices in the
distance, sometimes shouts, and the beating of the tomtoms. I judged
that the people belonged to the Bakalai tribe.

Then hearing the voices of two women inside close to me, I said to
them: "Please open the gate to the Oguizi, who is your friend."

When they heard me, they ran away; but soon three men came up and
talking through the palisades, asked who I was, for they could not see
my face.

I replied: "I am the Oguizi; I come to see you."

When they opened the gate, I found myself in presence of three
fierce-looking fellows, armed with barbed spears, bows, and poisoned
arrows. They were tall and young and looked like warriors. Closing the
gate behind me, they looked at me with signs of awe, and one of them
said: "Are you the Oguizi who has come to see the people of the forest?"

I answered, "I am."

It was fortunate that I could talk the Bakalai language. The three men
told me to follow them. As soon as the villagers got a glimpse of me
there was a great commotion; the meeting was suspended, the tomtoms
beat with greater fury than before, and soon I found myself surrounded
by savage men.

The people formed a great circle, and danced round me, singing, at
the same time taking most beseeching postures and making invocations
to me, asking me to do them no harm. They acted as if I were an idol.
When they stopped, I learned that the name of the chief was Penday. I
asked to see him. Some of the men went after him, but came back without
him. He sent the following message to me: How could he dare to come
before the great Oguizi, whom his forefathers had never seen? He would
surely drop dead at the sight. He knew that I was coming, because for
several nights a gentle wind hovered over the house where he slept and
murmured, "The great Oguizi is coming! the great Oguizi is coming!" But
he sent word that in three days he would come before me.

Soon after bunches of plantain, two chickens, some eggs, and a dead
monkey were laid at my feet, which showed that I was welcomed, and then
a hut was given to me that I could occupy by myself.



MEANTIME, as I did not return to our camp, my hunters became greatly
alarmed. They set off in different directions in the forest in search
of me. Rogala took Andekko with him, thinking that the dog might scent
me, and also Ndova.

He slept in the forest that night, and at daylight he started again
and kept thinking all sorts of things as he walked along. He wondered
if I had left him for good, and gone back to the moon or vanished into
the air. If so, what would Rotembo say when he returned without me? He
dreaded his chief's wrath. Then he thought that if I was displeased
with him, all would be over with him, for I would send all sorts of
evil upon him. Such thoughts crowded upon his mind, one after another.

But soon he said to himself: "How can the Oguizi be angry with me? Have
we not eaten together? Did he not shake hands with me before he left
the camp? Did he not say, 'Take good care of Ndova and Andekko'?" These
thoughts reassured him, and gave him new hopes and courage.

After this he seated himself on the ground, took his ogana out of his
bag, and putting it in front of him, he spoke to her thus: "Ogana, you
know how much I love you; tell me where is the Oguizi. Tell me if he
is angry with me. Please, please, show me the way in the forest where
I can find him. Do, ogana, do, ogana." Suddenly a smile came over his
face. Ogana had said to him that he would find me. Then putting back
his precious ogana in his bag, he continued to seek for me with the
dog, Andekko, and Ndova, who stood on his shoulder and now and then
wandered in the forest.

Fears succeeded hopes in spite of his ogana. Had the Oguizi left him,
and seen all he wanted to see in the big forest, and gone back to the
"Land of the Oguizis"? His superstitious mind began to brood again. He
had the same belief in regard to me that all the people had, and he
was seized with a great fear. Had I changed shape, and was I wandering
in the forest as an elephant, antelope, leopard, or as a tiny insect?
Perhaps I had taken the shape of a bird and was following him.

At this thought he looked round to see if he could discover any birds
on the trees near him, and saw a big one looking down upon him. He was
filled with fear, and said: "Oguizi, if you have taken the shape of
that bird, look into my heart and you will see that I love you." Then
he took some of the food he had with him, and left a great part of it
for the bird, and continued his way, looking now and then up at the
branches of the trees to see if the bird was still following him. Then
hearing "Hi-Hi-Hi," a noise made by a peculiar species of grasshopper,
he thought I might have taken that shape, so I could not be seen by him.

Once more he took his ogana from his bag and invoked her aid. Still he
went on his march in search of me, his mind perfectly bewildered with
different thoughts. When, lo! to his supreme joy, he discovered some of
the marks I had made upon the bark of trees, broken off branches, and
large heaps of leaves which I had laid along the path. After this he
discovered that I had left the path and gone into the forest; and again
he lost all traces of me. He stopped and talked to Andekko and said:
"Andekko, we have lost the Oguizi. Perhaps he is gone forever. Perhaps
he is in the forest. Let us find him. Help me, Andekko, to find him."
Andekko looked into his face and barked. He seemed to know what
Rogala said to him. But soon after this he found my traces again, and
followed them to the village where I was.

[Illustration: "_When I saw him, I came towards him, and in an instant
we were in each other's arms_."]

Suddenly the villagers heard a voice outside of the stockade asking:
"Is the Oguizi here?"

A number of voices answered: "Yes, the Oguizi is here with us, and
slept in our village last night."

Then they opened the door. The man was Rogala, followed by Andekko, and
having Ndova on his shoulder. I was at the other end of the street.
When I saw him, I came towards him, and in an instant we were in each
other's arms, to the great astonishment of the people of the village,
who were mute with wonder at our outburst of friendship. Rogala
shouted, "We are men! we are men!"

Andekko gave vent to barks of joy, leaping round me, and Ndova jumped
from Rogala's shoulder upon mine, uttering the peculiar sounds which
showed his pleasure in seeing me again.

After we were seated Rogala recounted to me what I have already told,
and at the conclusion of his story he whispered to me: "Oguizi, I hope
you have not told where we live in the forest." I whispered, "No;" and
after a while the Bakalais crowded round Rogala and asked him all kinds
of questions about me.



THE Bakalais, like all the people of the great forest, were very
superstitious, and believed in witchcraft. I found that the people
had moved only a few months before, and that they had abandoned their
former village on this account. Two men had been "bewitched," and had
died within a day of each other, and this was the cause of the people
moving away. When I arrived, they were holding a great council to find
out who the sorcerers and witches were, and whether they lived in their
village or in some others.

At sunset the children ceased to play, and the village became quiet.
There arose in the air one of those mournful, heart-piercing chants,--a
long, sustained wail of anguish and sorrow. Tears rolled down the
cheeks of the women. "We shall never see Anguilsi any more, we shall
never see Obindji any more," they sang over and over. These were the
names of the two men who had died. They sang for about half an hour.
After a while I saw the people leading about through the dim light what
I thought to be a naked white man. I could not believe my eyes, but as
he came near me I kept cool and did not show my astonishment. When he
came in front of me I recognized the man to be a negro albino, for his
features, though his skin was white, were those of a negro. His hair
was woolly, his eyes pinkish.

Later in the evening, an idol, called Makambo, was brought out into
the street, to remain there all night. It represented a woman, and was
of the size of life. She had cloven feet; her eyes and tongue were of
copper; she wore bracelets around her arms and rings of copper around
her ankles. She had around her neck a necklace of leopard's claws, and
as a pendant wore the canine of a leopard also. The skin of a snake was
wound around her legs.

That night nobody came out in the street, and nobody talked in the
village, for fear of displeasing Makambo. The people expected her to
talk to them that night and to give some advice. The medicine man or
the chief of the village interprets to the people what the idol says.

Makambo was very much venerated, and during the night food was put
before her. In the morning the people said that Makambo had nodded her
head and smiled, showing that she was pleased with the offering of
game she had received. But we did not wait to learn the result of the
witchcraft proceedings, and leaving the Bakalai we found our way back
to our camp.

       *       *       *       *       *

"I am going into the forest," I said to Rogala, Shinshooko, and Alapai
one morning soon after our return, "to look for new species of birds.
Perhaps I shall find some that I have never seen before. I do not
intend to go far away."

My hunters replied: "We three are going to look at all the traps we
have made to see if they are in order and if game has been trapped. We
are going to take Andekko and leave Ndova in the camp."

So we all ascended the ladder and wished each other good luck. Nothing
strange happened to me. I shot no birds, for I had killed before this
specimens of all the species I saw that day, and had stuffed them.

As I approached the camp on my way back, I heard a great uproar among
what I thought was a large troop of monkeys, to judge by the noise.
They were jabbering away at a great rate, and seemed to be in a great
state of excitement. But to my astonishment I discovered that they
were in our camp. What were they doing there? They were evidently after
Ndova. They had come to pay him a visit. He had manifestly called them.
I walked carefully, and after ascending the ladder I raised my head
above the fence.

The most extraordinary sight was before me. The monkeys had taken
possession of our camp. They were everywhere, and wandering around in
every direction. They all belonged to the ndova species. I counted
seventeen of them. They had clearly arrived just a little before me.
A number surrounded Ndova's cage. Some were on the sides, some on the
top. They were talking to Ndova, who answered them. They were trying
to break the cage. The most eager amongst them was the leader of the
troop, a very big fellow.

It was a sight indeed! I was very glad we had made Ndova's house so
strong. The leader wanted badly to reach Ndova. He would bite the
creepers that tied the poles together, then stop and talk to Ndova,
then go to work again.

Unfortunately I could not see what Ndova was doing inside; was he also
trying to break his cage and go to the monkeys? I watched silently;
but I began to fear that the cage would gradually be broken by the
big monkey. So I gave a heavy cough. At this all the monkeys looked
around. The big male, their leader, gave a peculiar cry of alarm. In
an instant they were all over the fence and among the trees. Soon
after I heard them utter loud calls, which Ndova answered. Then all
became silent, and after a while I heard the branch of a tree near the
palisade bend under the weight of a monkey that had come back. I looked
up and saw a very big monkey. He was the leader, and easily recognized
by his large size, for he was much bigger than all the others. He began
to talk to our monkey, who answered him; then he jumped down upon
another branch, and I saw him scale the palisade and get on the top of
Ndova's house, and just as he was beginning to try to break into it, I
gave a great shout, and the big fellow, in three bounds, fled outside
the camp. A short time afterwards he came back again, this time very
slyly, and I saw him only when he came over the palisade. I fired a
gun. He uttered a shrill cry of fright, fled once more, and never came

When my hunters returned, I told them what had happened. After I had
finished, Rogala said: "The leader of the troop wanted Ndova to go away
with him."

The following day I took Ndova with me into the forest and loosed him.
He followed me closely, but I was suddenly startled by his calling
monkeys. He was answered at once by the big voice of one of his
species. Then I saw Ndova go from tree to tree in the direction of the
troop of the ndovas as fast as he could. I shouted, "Ndova, Ndova,"
but he did not heed my voice and disappeared amongst the trees. I
went after him, and after a while I heard a strange racket among the
monkeys. They were evidently welcoming Ndova, and were expressing their
feelings by different sounds or words of their own.

I gave up Ndova, and was returning to the camp with a sad heart, when
all at once I heard a rustling of branches over my head and then a
chuckle. It was Ndova. I called him, and soon after he was on my
shoulders grinning. I said: "Ndova, you won't catch me again letting
you entirely free in the forest. After this you will be tied to a cord
when you go out with me." But I had no cord with me then, so I had to
leave him to himself. He did not run away, however, and we reached the
camp together.

When the men returned in the evening I told them how afraid I had been
that we had lost Ndova.

"Yes," they said; "hereafter he must be tied and always led by a rope."



ONE day when Andekko had been hunting by himself, he returned with such
a forlorn appearance that we knew he had found nothing. He had been
absent about three hours.

"Poor Andekko!" I said to Rogala; "look at his ribs, and how they
stick out, and the numerous scars left from the wounds he has received
fighting wild animals are more conspicuous than ever."

He was indeed a sight. The dear old fellow seemed to know that I was
talking of him, as he had heard his name, and was looking at me and
wagging his tail all the time I was speaking. I fancied he was saying
to me: "Let us leave this place. It is no good. There is no game here.
Can't you see how thin I am?"

Looking at Ndova, I said to Rogala: "Ndova is much better off than
Andekko. He is not so thin. Would you take a knife and kill our friend
Ndova, who has been so often the cause of our getting food, thus
preventing us from starving?"

Then I recounted one by one all the different times Ndova and Andekko
had saved us from hunger or starvation and said: "Rogala, Ndova and
Andekko have been faithful to us. We shall be faithful to them, and if
we get food we will divide it amongst all of us."

All the time I was thinking what to do to relieve our hunger. We were
in desperate straits. Suddenly I said: "Rogala, I have found food."

At my words Rogala brightened up. "Where is the food?" he inquired.

"There," I said, pointing to my bed. He glanced there, but there was no
food to be seen, and he looked disappointed.

"Yes, Rogala," I persisted, "there is food on my bed."

Two antelope skins which we had stretched and dried lay on my bed. I
had intended to make shoes, leggings, and trousers with them. But,
pointing to the two skins, I said: "We will boil these skins and eat
them. That will keep us all from starving until we find game."

Rogala's eyes were now full of life and hope. I wondered why I had not
thought of this before. So we made preparations at once for a meal. We
cut off a part of one of the antelope skins, and poured hot water upon
the hair and scraped and washed it afterwards. Then we cut the skin
into very small pieces, and boiled these until they became quite soft,
after which, as a relish, we added some salt and some red pepper--I
could hardly eat anything without pepper. When ready, we poured the
contents into a wooden dish. This done, we sat around it, Andekko
standing by us and waiting with eager eyes for his share of the boiled
skin. We thought the food was not bad, for we were famished.

After the meal I said: "Men, these two antelope skins will furnish us
food for three or four days, and that will give us time to find game
and nuts." We felt much stronger after our meal.

The following day Shinshooko and Alapai went to look after the traps to
see if any animals had been caught. Rogala and I went into the forest
with Ndova and Andekko.

After a long walk Ndova uttered the sounds made by his species--the
white-nosed monkeys or ndovas. They answered his call; we could hear
them coming towards us. Rogala immediately tied Ndova with a rope and
held him fast. Then we hid under a short tree with thick foliage. Soon
the monkeys were above our heads talking to Ndova, who answered them.
We stood still, then moved carefully out of our hiding-place, having
in the meantime made Ndova fast to a branch of the tree. We took aim,
fired, and two big monkeys fell dead almost upon our heads.

Rogala gave a grim look of satisfaction. Then looking at the two
monkeys, I said to Rogala: "Look at what Ndova has done for us. Without
him we should be without food and starving."

We could not wait until we returned to the camp. We lighted a big fire,
cut one of the monkeys in two, and roasted it. So we had a good meal,
and gave a lot to Andekko.

There was great rejoicing that evening in the camp round the roast half
of one of the monkeys. Alapai, who had discovered a cluster of trees
with nuts, brought a number of tondas, berries and fruits; so Ndova had
also a feast.



ONE day I had not walked two hours when I was startled by the discovery
of two human footprints on the banks of a little rivulet. They looked
so fresh that I thought the man had been there but a short time before
me. I looked around, but saw no one, and heard nothing. I held one of
my revolvers ready to fire at sight.

I hurried back to the camp and told Rogala of my discovery. He listened
attentively, and then said with much earnestness: "I wonder if the
Bakalais of the village we left have sent a spy to see where we live
and learn what we are doing."

"No fear of that, Rogala," I said; "no Bakalai would dare to follow
the Oguizi. The man is either an elephant hunter or a runaway slave,
or a man who has fled from his tribe or village on being accused of

Rogala got up and went for his gun; then he said: "Oguizi, let us go in
search of that man. We must capture him, for who knows but he may have
discovered our camp?"

Taking "Bulldog" with me, we started, Rogala whispering to me, as we
went along, the well-known caution: "Let us not make more noise than a
leopard in search of prey, or a fish swimming."

We came to the little stream where I had seen the footprints. Rogala
said to me, after he had looked at them: "This man has taken this
rivulet as a path, and followed the water."

With these words he did the same thing. I followed, and we waded down
with the current. We had not walked more than one hour when Rogala gave
a low click and pointed with his finger to a particular spot near a big
tree. Looking in that direction, I saw a man under a koola tree picking
up some of the nuts that had fallen on the ground, breaking them with a
stone, and eating them voraciously. He had evidently been starving.

We hid behind a tree, and watched silently the movements of the
stranger. We did not dare to whisper for fear of being heard.

Rogala, who was about two yards from me, came to my side, and made
a sign to move away further. He was very much excited. His forehead
was covered with perspiration. When we were at a safe distance, he
whispered: "This man is not a Bakalai; he is from a far country. I
think he has run away from his people. Let us surprise him, and if he
runs away from us I will shoot at him and kill him."

I saw by the looks of Rogala that he was in earnest.

"No, Rogala," I replied, "we must not kill him if he runs away, but try
to capture him. Then we shall find out where he comes from, and how
far off his country is. As soon as we come near him we will shout to
him to stand still. I will fire 'Bulldog,' and if he has never heard a
gun fired in his life he will be so scared that he will not move. If
he runs away, we will run after him. We are good runners, we can go
quickly through the jungle. Now let us crawl towards him; you keep on
his right, I on his left."

We walked so carefully that not one of our steps could be heard. Rogala
once moved towards me just to whisper: "Oguizi, he must not escape from

We saw that the man had a bag of poisoned arrows hanging by his side,
and on the ground lay his bow.

Nearer and nearer we came to the stranger, who was busy breaking the
koola nuts, when suddenly he turned round and looked in our direction.
Fortunately we crouched in time by a fallen tree. Had he heard us? We
peeped above the tree. No, for he again began to crack koola nuts, and
was putting the kernels in a little bag. We were within ten yards of

Suddenly, without a word of warning, Rogala jumped up, crossed the
stream, and uttered a terrific war-cry, running towards the man. When I
saw this, I fired "Bulldog" and ran also towards him. The poor fellow
seemed to be spellbound and unable to get up. As we came up to him, he
took hold of Rogala's feet, which meant that he put himself under his
protection, and looked at me with great terror. He trembled all over,
and could not utter a word.

I looked at him and smiled, but this did not seem to reassure him.
Rogala spoke to him in several languages that he had learned from
other slaves, but our prisoner shook his head to show that he did not
understand. Then I spoke to him in several of the languages I had
learned, but he understood me no better. Thereupon we made signs to try
to find out from where he came. At this he looked up, trying to see
from the light where the sun was. Then he pointed in the direction of
the east.

"He must be from a far-off country," I said to Rogala, "for he seems
not to understand any of the languages we have spoken to him."

Our captive was tall, and emaciated from hunger. His teeth were filed
sharp to a point, and gave him a very savage appearance. Every part of
his body except his legs was tattooed all over. On his stomach was the
representation of a crocodile, showing that he must have lived on the
shore of a lake or of a river. Upon his cheeks were spots of the size
of large peas. His forehead was also tattooed.

"We must be very watchful," said Rogala; "perhaps the man understands
some of the languages we spoke to him, after all."

Then he broke the man's bow, and buried his bag of poisoned arrows in
the ground, for fear that man or beast would be hurt by them.

Our prisoner was very much frightened when he saw this, and looked at
me with imploring eyes. He had divined instinctively that I was the
master; his looks seemed to say: "Do not kill me!"

After a pause I said: "Rogala, if our prisoner tries to run away, let
us spare his life and not shoot him; every man tries to run away from
the people he fears in search of liberty. You would do likewise if
Rotembo were not a good master."

[Illustration: "_Suddenly Rogala uttered a terrible war-cry and ran
towards the man_."]

Rogala looked at me in blank astonishment, and then said: "Oguizi, I
will not try to kill him if he runs away; but," he added, "he must not
run away."

We let our prisoner crack more koola nuts, and waited until his
appetite was satisfied; then we started for our camp, our captive
walking between Rogala, who led, and myself in the rear. Rogala had
taken the precaution to tie his hands behind his back before starting.
We walked silently, not one of us uttering a word until we came to our
palisade. Our captive then showed signs of great fear.

I told Rogala to go over first and tie Andekko, for I was sure the dog
would try to bite him. When we were all inside, we gave our prisoner a
good warm meal of plantains--a few of which still remained--and a piece
of monkey. Rogala washed his body with warm water and then rubbed it
with oil, for his skin was dried and parched; he seemed very grateful.
Soon he fell asleep on the bare ground.

Looking at him as he slept, I said to Rogala: "The poor fellow may have
been days and weeks in the forest subsisting on nuts, berries, and
fruit when he could find them, avoiding all the time the paths for fear
of coming in contact with people. For you know," I continued, "that as
soon as a man is out of his country, and comes out of his circle of
friends belonging to another tribe, he is sure to be captured and made
a slave."

"That is true," replied Rogala. "To-morrow morning we will try to learn
something about him."

Andekko did not take kindly to our new-comer, and growled at him all
the time. We agreed to watch in turn over the captive during the night,
as his bonds were not very strong. We lighted several fires round him,
and tied Andekko for fear that he might bite him.

When I awoke in the morning, I saw that he was still asleep, Andekko
watching him and growling at him now and then. I looked for Rogala, but
he was not there. I wondered where he had gone. Soon after I heard an
axe. Rogala was cutting down a tree. After a while all became silent,
and Rogala appeared before me and told me that he had cut two logs.
After he had brought these inside, Rogala went to work on a "nchogo,"
and I guessed at once that it was to keep our prisoner captive and
prevent him from running away. The nchogo is composed of two logs with
holes,--the larger one to imprison the feet, the smaller for the hands.

The poor fellow was very much frightened when he saw the nchogo. He
knew that it was for him. When I saw this, I said to Rogala: "This man
belongs to a tribe living in the great forest, for he knows what a
nchogo is. In a barren or prairie country they have no trees to make
nchogos of. But we must treat our prisoner gently, give him plenty of
food to show him that we care for him and that we are his friends. Then
in a few days, after he has got accustomed to us, we will free him from
the nchogo."

That day we gave him three meals, and ate by his side, and he saw that
we had the same food.

When evening came, I said: "Rogala, you will go to sleep while I watch."

Soon both Rogala and our prisoner were asleep. Towards two o'clock I
awoke Rogala for the watch and went to sleep myself.

In the morning I said: "Rogala, let us think over and see if you and I
have spoken to our prisoner all the languages and dialects we know."

So we began to think, and finally Rogala said: "I did not speak to him
in the Osheba language."

"Why," said I, "do you think he is a cannibal?"

"Perhaps he is," he replied.

Rogala spoke to him then in Osheba, and had uttered but a few words
when the man's face brightened up, for he found that we should be able
to understand him. He was a cannibal. There was no doubt about it.

Several days passed by. We got along very well with our captive,
although he was kept in stocks. He seemed contented with his lot. He
found that we treated him otherwise like one of ourselves. He ate with
us, and consequently had the same food. When food was very scarce, we
divided it equally among us, but of course when we had only nuts or
berries he had only these to eat, and if we were hungry he had to go
hungry also.

Several times I proposed to Rogala to take him out of the nchogo, but
Rogala was always unwilling. Thinking that he was wiser than I in this
matter, as he knew the native character better than I did, I let him
have his own way.

We had given the name of Akenda-Mbani ("never go twice to the same
place") to our prisoner, for we knew that he would never go back to his
own country.

One afternoon Shinshooko and Alapai made their appearance, bringing
with them four elephants' tusks. They had found two elephants in the
pits they had dug in the forest for the purpose of entrapping the huge

They were very much astonished when they saw Akenda-Mbani and we told
them how we had captured him.



THE following morning, to my astonishment and no small consternation,
Ndova was ill, and refused to eat the berries and nuts given to him,
of which ordinarily he was very fond. He looked at them, but would not
even take them in his hands. His body was hot, and it was evident that
he had a high fever. His heart beat very fast. It was very strange, I
thought; he had been so well the evening before.

I said to Rogala: "I wonder if Ndova could have been stung by a
scorpion or a centipede during the night, or perhaps a small poisonous
snake entered his house and bit him when he tried to play with it."

"No," said Rogala, "monkeys are like people; they are afraid of snakes
and do not play with them."

I took Ndova on my knees and examined his body, on which I discovered
a red spot, showing that he had been stung either by a scorpion or a

"Look!" I said to Rogala, pointing out the place to him. "Ndova has
been stung by a scorpion or a centipede."

"It is so," replied Rogala.

There are two or three species of centipedes and scorpions; the very
poisonous ones are dark red, almost black. Rogala looked carefully at
the red spot, and then said in a thoughtful and sad voice: "I am afraid
it is all over with Ndova, for we black men die of the sting of this
bad kind of scorpion and centipede, or else, if we escape, we are very
ill. Their stings are often as dangerous as the bites of poisonous

I immediately gave a little dose of medicine to Ndova, but it did not
seem to do him any good. That night we all went to sleep feeling very

At break of day I went to Ndova to see how he was. I said,
"Good-morning, Ndova," but he remained quiet in his little house.
He did not come out, as he had always done before, and jump on my
shoulder, and give a chuckle, which probably meant in the monkey
language of the ndova tribe, "I am glad to see you." Instead of the
chuckle I heard an indistinct sound, and he looked at me in a forlorn
way as if to say, "I am very ill."

[Illustration: "_He ate with us, and consequently had the same food_."]

I felt his body. It was hotter than the day before, and his pulse beat
so quickly that I felt he could not live much longer.

I shouted to Rogala: "Ndova is very, very ill; come and look at him;"
and he came.

"Truly," he said, "Ndova is very, very ill indeed."

"If Ndova dies," I said, "we lose a very good friend who has been
invaluable to us in this forest. Never shall we get another monkey as

In the course of a few days poor Ndova had grown so thin that we could
hardly recognize him. His eyes had entirely lost their mischievous
expression, and could only give us a blank look. I put a little jacket
on him which I made out of a woollen shirt. I made a little bed,
shaking the leaves thoroughly, and laid him upon it, and covered him
with what was left of the woollen shirt. Then I said: "Ndova, I am
going into the forest to get berries for you."

When I returned I put some berries before his lips, but his mouth did
not open to eat them. "Eat these, Ndova," I said to him; but he only
answered me by a look. Before dark I went to say good-night to him,
but he had not the strength to move his arms, which were under his
little blanket. I tucked him in, and while I was doing so, his eyes
looked at me in a blank sort of way. I said to him: "Dear Ndova, I wish
you could know how much we think of you, and how we shall miss you if
you die."

"I do not think we shall find Ndova alive to-morrow morning," I said to
Rogala, who was by my side.

I went to bed with a heavy heart, thinking how many times Ndova had
rescued us from hunger and perhaps starvation. I awoke several times
during the night, and each time I got up and went to see if Ndova was
dead. His life was ebbing away, his pulse was very low, but he still

In the morning I found Ndova dead. He looked as if he were asleep
under his blanket. I shouted to Rogala: "Ndova is dead." Then we stood
mournfully by his side, and Rogala said with a sad voice: "Ndova will
follow us no more in the forest."

We cut a big log, split it in two, and dug a big hole inside. This was
to be the coffin of Ndova, and we laid his body in it.

After this we dug a grave at the foot of a tree near Rogala's house and
collected stones. When everything was ready, Rogala and I carried the
coffin to the grave, followed by Shinshooko, Alapai, and Akenda-Mbani.

With my knife I carved upon the bark the following inscription:

                            HERE LIES NDOVA
                              OUR FRIEND

Then we put the coffin into the grave, covered it with earth, and
surrounded it by stones. My hunters and I hardly spoke to each other
that day.



WE felt very lonely after the death of Ndova. But, alas! his loss was
not to prove our only misfortune. I went one day alone into the forest
and took Andekko with me. After walking three or four miles I came to
a part of the forest where there was no jungle. Such tracts are often
found, especially where water has been long standing during the rainy
season. I walked consequently noiselessly, looking carefully all around
me as I went.

Andekko had disappeared in search of game. After a while I saw three
large mandrills, the largest I had ever seen, walking away from me.
Mandrills of that size are very formidable animals and have terrible
canines. They were out of sight, and I had been unable to shoot at
them, as trees were in my way.

I kept on, nevertheless, when I was suddenly startled by the fierce
barking of Andekko. Then I heard a howl of pain from him, followed
immediately by a shrill shriek from an animal which I thought must be
one of the mandrills I had seen. I hurried as fast as I could towards
the place whence the cries came, and once more I heard the fierce
barking of Andekko.

I was not mistaken. When I reached him, as I soon did, Andekko had
pinned the mandrill down and they were fighting savagely. Andekko was
covered with blood. One of his ears hung limp. He had a terrible gash
in his back, and part of his lower lip was badly cut. The mandrill's
teeth had made sad havoc with poor Andekko.

But the mandrill lay underneath him on the ground, the blood flowing
from his neck profusely. Andekko's teeth had probably bitten through
the jugular vein. But what big teeth the mandrill had! When he saw me,
he uttered a piercing cry. I shouted to Andekko again and again, but
he did not heed my voice in the least. He glared with rage, and his
hair stood up straight on his back. Nothing could have made him give up
his prey. He had hold of the mandrill in such manner that the latter
could not bite him. They rolled on the ground on the top of each other.
Andekko clung fast. The mandrill tried with his feet to push Andekko
off, and uttered scream after scream. But before long he stopped, and
at last all became silent. The neck of the mandrill had been torn to
pieces. The rage of Andekko was so great that it took me quite a while
to make him loose his hold.

The mandrill was dead, but poor Andekko was a terrible sight. I said
to him: "Andekko, you are a brave and fearless dog." Then I tore some
strips from my shirt and bandaged his wounds to stop their bleeding.
He had great difficulty in following me, he was so weak. I walked very
slowly. At last we reached the camp, and it was hard to make him go
through the aperture made in the fence for him to go out and come in
at. My hunters had returned, and we all felt sorry for poor Andekko.
He seemed utterly dejected. We made a bed of dry leaves for him to lie
upon, and boiled some monkey meat for him. But when it was done and
offered to him, he refused it. Poor Andekko had the fever, like Ndova,
and, like Ndova, he lingered but a short time. We made a grave for him
outside of the camp at the foot of a tree, and we buried him there.

I cut upon the bark with my knife:

                               HERE LIES
                           ANDEKKO THE BRAVE
                            A FAITHFUL DOG
                             TO HIS DEATH

[Illustration: "_Andekko had pinned the mandrill down and they were
fighting savagely_."]



BERRIES and nuts had become very scarce and we had to go a long way to
gather them, for those that were near our camp had been eaten. Game had
also become very scarce. One day we all set out for the depths of the
forest together. Before leaving the camp we made signs to Akenda-Mbani
that we were going after food, by opening our mouths and drawing our
stomachs in, to show that they were empty. He evidently understood us,
for he smiled.

"If we fail to find food," said Rogala, "it will be on account of
witchcraft; yes," he shouted, "it will be on account of witchcraft. I
have always suspected Okambi of being a sorcerer, and it will be his
witchcraft that will cause our starving."

"Sh-sh-sh, Rogala," said I, "if you speak so loud you will scare the
game." The very thought of witchcraft had made Rogala forget himself.

Though we walked all day, we found no nuts or berries of any
consequence. The season of the koola nuts was nearly over, and the wild
boars had been under the trees we knew. We saved some of such nuts and
berries as we found, however, for Akenda-Mbani.

Suddenly we were attacked by the dreaded bashikouay ants and had to
flee for camp. "Let us hurry as fast as we can, Rogala," said I, "for
Akenda-Mbani is in nchogo, and if the bashikouays pass that way he is
sure to be devoured by them, and we may only see his skeleton on our

We hurried back as fast as our legs could carry us, and it was a good
thing that we returned. Otherwise we should surely have found only the
skeleton of Akenda-Mbani, as I had said, for we had not been at home an
hour before the bashikouays made their appearance.

Fortunately we were ready to receive them. In a number of places within
our enclosure firewood had been piled up and was all ready to be
lighted. Water was boiling in all the pots we had, and we had plenty
of hot ashes. The smoke prevented the bashikouays from ascending the
trees, and we spread hot ashes wherever they appeared.

After this I said to Rogala: "We must take Akenda-Mbani out of the
nchogo. I do not care whether he runs away or not. I do not want his
death on my head or on yours. The Oguizi wishes nobody to die. Just
think what a narrow escape he had! If he had been eaten up by the
bashikouays, it would have been our fault. It will never do to keep a
man in nchogo unless some one is near to watch him."

"You are right, Oguizi. It is so; it is so," he repeated half a
dozen times. Then he added thoughtfully: "Yes, when people have been
discovered to be wizards, they are tied to a tree when the bashikouays
are in the neighborhood, and in a short time nothing is left of them
but their bones."

So Rogala and I took Akenda-Mbani out of his nchogos, first freeing his
hands, and then his feet.

I felt now quite happy, for Akenda-Mbani was free, and if we had been
sure of him at first he would not have been placed in nchogo at all.
He was now one of us. The next day we all went again into the forest
in search of firewood, and without being told to do so, Akenda took a
heavy load on his back, and carried it to the camp. The day following,
he went into the forest by himself, and set traps for game, coming
back with a porcupine and a pangolin or ant-eater. So plenty was in the
camp once more for the moment. The porcupine meat is very good, the
pangolin's was very strong.

But when these were eaten, no more game was trapped, and we again
boiled some of the antelope skin.

I had such a "gouamba"--that is, such a longing for meat--that the nuts
and the boiled antelope skin became loathsome to me. I ate them just as
a man would eat, day after day, bread soaked in water.

What a fearful meaning there is, I said to myself, "in that native word
'gouamba'!" I spent hours in a sort of waking dream in which I fancied
that I had returned home, and had met many friends, one after another,
as I walked about the streets. The first one would say: "Hello, is
that you, Paul? Welcome home. Won't you dine with me to-day? My wife
and children will be so glad to see you back again. We have roast beef

Then, in a moment, I found myself at the family table. A big, juicy
piece of roast beef was before my eyes on the table. I saw my friend
cut the roast beef. A big piece was served to me. I was then asked if
I would have sweet potatoes, corn, and other vegetables. I could see
the smoke rise from these hot dishes. How I enjoyed the pudding and the
ice-cream at the end of the dinner!

I went out and met another friend who also asked me to dinner. This one
had turkey instead of roast beef. How I looked at the turkey! It had
been roasted to a nicety, and was a rich brown all over. Then my friend
asked: "Paul, which piece do you like best?" To which I answered: "I
have no choice." Then a large piece was put on a plate for me with
the stuffing. The waitress would pass the cranberry sauce, then the
potatoes and the green peas. How good all these tasted! Then came the
strawberries and the ice-cream. Then more dinners, with other friends.
How I enjoyed these in my imagination! Then hunger would stop, and then
come back with ten times greater force. We drank as much water as we
could, for there is nourishment in water.

Akenda-Mbani went to look after his traps one day, and Rogala and
I went hunting. We were in desperate straits. We had gone quite a
distance from the camp, and had seen nothing, when suddenly I thought
I heard something in the distance. I gave a "click." As soon as Rogala
heard it he stopped and then came to my side. I had heard, as I
thought, monkeys leaping from tree to tree. We stood still, and the
noise became gradually louder. The monkeys were evidently coming in our
direction. Hope of food loomed before our eyes. Then all became silent;
the monkeys had manifestly stopped upon some fruit-bearing trees, and
were feeding. At such times they are always still, for they do not want
to attract the attention of other monkeys.

We went in the direction where we thought they were, looking at the
tops of the trees as we went along. After a while we heard nuts falling
on the ground. Soon we came under the tree, and pulp and seeds fell
upon our heads and all around us. Looking up, we saw the monkeys. I
counted seventeen of them; they were nkagos, and were so busy eating
that they did not notice us.

We picked out two of the biggest, aimed at them carefully, and fired.
They fell on the ground with a great crash. In the meantime the troop
gave a shrill cry of fear and decamped with the utmost speed, and for
a long time afterwards we could hear the noise of the branches as they
rose again after the monkeys had leaped to others. When they thought
they were far from danger, they stopped and uttered the peculiar nkago
cry, calling upon their missing companions; but no answer came back to
them, for our two monkeys were stone dead.

They kept calling again and again, however, for a time; then at last
we heard nothing more. We swung the monkeys over our backs, and had
regained the hunting path leading towards our camp, when I thought I
heard a slight noise on a tree. I looked up, thinking a bird had made
it, when to my surprise I saw a monkey looking down upon us. He was
a nkago, and was following his dead mate, and looking down upon her
in deep silence. I could see his human-like eyes watching us. He had
wondered why his call had not been answered by her, had left the troop
to seek her, and then seen her lifeless form on the back of Rogala. He
seemed to know that something was wrong. I would have given a good deal
to know his thoughts.

We continued on our way. The monkey kept following us, watching,
peeping down upon us and upon his dead mate. When we stopped, he
stopped, his eyes always looking down upon us. I see them still to this
day. I was so sorry I had killed his mate. I noticed that he never
jumped from one limb of a tree to another, but crept along their trunks
and branches, evidently wishing to make no noise to attract attention.
He followed us to our camp. I could not tell why, but I did not feel
like eating monkey that evening, for I thought I had never in an
animal seen eyes with such a human expression. The next morning I saw
him for an instant; he was still looking for his mate. But that was my
last glimpse of him. He probably went back to his troop.



THE monkey meat did not last more than two days. Then food became as
scarce as before. We had clearly exhausted that part of the forest.

"The times are hard with us," I said to Rogala; "the bashikouays have
driven the game away. There are no more koola nuts. Let us go back to
your home, where we shall find plenty of plantain and cassava."

Rogala agreed readily to my proposal. The two following days we rested
and made preparations for our departure. I was very glad to return to
the home of my hunters. My clothes were in tatters; hardly anything was
left of my trousers; I had worn out all my shoes; my old panama hat was
a sight.

Joyfully we left our old forest camp, and after an uneventful journey
we reached the home of my hunters. It was time indeed. How well I slept
in my little hut that night! All the things I had left behind were
exactly in the same place. No one had touched them.

I had saved skins of the gazelles we had killed, and I sewed them
together first; then I took what was left of my trousers and put them
on the skins and marked out the pattern with charcoal. Then I cut up
the skins and sewed with my big needle, and at the end of the day I had
made a pair of skin trousers. I also covered my old shoes with gazelle

When I had furnished myself with something to wear, we prepared to
return to Chief Rotembo. All my hunters and Akenda-Mbani were to
accompany me. Many bunches of plantain were collected; the men went
hunting and killed an antelope for Rotembo, and the following morning
we left, one canoe loaded with the skins and bones of the animals I had
killed and with the birds I had stuffed.

After a pleasant trip down the Ogobai, we arrived at the village of
Rotembo amid the firing of guns and the beating of the tomtoms.

The news quickly spread that the Oguizi had returned, and many people
came flocking to our village. Canoe after canoe was to be seen
coming from up or down the river all the time.

[Illustration: "_At the end of the day I had made a pair of skin

Then a great meeting took place. Rotembo was dressed in state, and made
a great speech, saying how much he loved me. The crowd shouted, "Great
is Rotembo, the friend of the Oguizi! Great is the Oguizi!" Tomtoms
beat and guns were fired.

Then I arose, and in the midst of a profound silence I made a speech.
"Rotembo," I said, "I love you and your people. When I was hungry you
gave me food; when I was thirsty you gave me water. You gave me shelter
and nothing was stolen from me." At these words a great shout of joy
arose. The tomtoms beat furiously, and more guns were fired.

"You gave me Rogala, your faithful slave," I continued; "I bring him
back to you. There are Shinshooko and Alapai also, your faithful
slaves, who love you. They with their wives and children have been
kind to me. There is Akenda-Mbani, whom we found in the forest. Now,
Rotembo, you are my friend." (All shouted, "He is your friend!") "Never
let one of these men or their wives be sold."

"I will never sell them," cried Rotembo.

Then the great meeting broke up. Rotembo and his people drank a great
quantity of fermented drinks they had made to celebrate my return.
There was a grand ball which lasted all night. Rotembo himself danced,
and came before me singing and dancing in the midst of vociferous
cheers by the people.

The next day I prepared a great feast that Rotembo and I were to
eat together. The bottom of our canoe was to be our table. Rogala,
Shinshooko, Alapai, and Akenda-Mbani were seated at a table close to
ours. Rotembo's wives waited upon us. A mass of people formed a great
circle round us, and looked at us, and one of them said: "The great
Oguizi loves also Rogala and Shinshooko, Alapai and Akenda-Mbani."

In the evening I called my hunters together, and gave each a new gun,
powder, and some iron bars. I gave them beads for their wives also, and
the next day I accompanied them to their canoe and bade them good-bye.
They felt sad to leave me, and as they embarked, Rogala said: "Oguizi,
come again to see us at our plantation."

The people believed that I had killed Andekko and Ndova to take them
with me, and wondered why I had not killed my hunters to take them with
me also. "When they die," said they, "the Oguizi will take them with
him, for he loves them."

Two days afterwards, I bade good-bye to Rotembo. He invoked the spirits
of his ancestors, and came to the shore to see me off. He had given me
people and a canoe to take me to another part of the great forest, to
a great king who was his father-in-law. And with the stars and stripes
floating at the stern of my canoe I was paddled out of sight of Rotembo
and his village.

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