By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: Harper's Young People, October 25, 1881 - An Illustrated Weekly
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, October 25, 1881 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.


       *       *       *       *       *


Tuesday, October 25, 1881. Copyright, 1881, by HARPER & BROTHERS. $1.50
per Year, in Advance.

       *       *       *       *       *




All the boys cried, "Shame!"

Tom Reid, who was scarcely regarded as a boy now, so nearly grown was
he, went up to Hen Little, and catching him by the shoulder and shaking
him, said:

"It seems to me you pick out your boy to bully. You ought to be ashamed
of yourself, to hit a fellow under your size and not half your strength,
and I've a notion to thrash you for it myself."

Nobody heard what Hen Little replied, because all the boys were talking
at once now; but somehow, when Vic Whitney rose from the ground, his
clothes torn, his nose bleeding, and his books muddy, everybody saw that
he was going to say something, and everybody listened. What he said was

"Hen Little, I've borne with you for two years; I've taken all your
meannesses as mere teasing, and I've thought you only a little rough;
but now I tell you you're a coward and a bully, and I give you warning
that I'll whip you for this day's work, if it's ten years hence."

"Boys," said Tom Reid, "I move that, as students of this High School, we
hereby exclude Hen Little from all our games and sports, and regard him
as an outside barbarian, until he makes a proper apology to Vic Whitney
for what he has done."

"Second the motion!" cried a dozen voices, while all the girls clapped
their hands.

"Wait a minute, please," called Vic; "don't put that motion, Tom. Let me
say a word. I thank you all for your sympathy, but I beg you not to do
what you're doing. I've made this matter a quarrel now, and it's my
quarrel, not yours. I've told Hen Little that I shall whip him for this,
and I shall do it, you may depend. But that ought to settle it, so far
as you are concerned. Hen is bigger than I am, and much stronger; but I
shall thrash him in due time, and it ain't fair to punish him twice for
one offense. If you punish him, I can't, without doing an injustice, and
I don't want to do that. Please withdraw your motion, Tom."

"But this sort of thing is a disgrace to the school," said Tom.

"Very well; but I am going to punish it myself," replied Vic, "and that
will clear the school. I've a right to be the one to do it."

"But you can't thrash Hen Little," cried half a dozen boys in a breath.

"No, not now. But I shall be able to do it after a while. Trust me, and
do me the favor I have asked. Withdraw your motion, and treat Hen as if
nothing had happened, and I'll take care of the rest."

There was something in Vic's manner which awed the boys into respectful
obedience. They were outraged with Hen Little, and would have enjoyed
"making the school too hot for him," but they obeyed Vic Whitney. When
Vic had secured their promise to this effect, he gathered up his books
and walked away toward his home.

Little had teased him mercilessly during the whole of the two years
since they both entered the High School, but Vic had borne it all as
mere teasing, not to be resented. At the end of the last term, however,
Vic had successfully offered himself for examination with the class in
advance of his own, having worked of nights to get ahead, and in this
way he had distanced his own class, and made himself a sort of hero in
the school. At the same examination Hen Little had failed to pass with
the class, and his mortification took the form of hatred of his former
classmate, who had succeeded in making two steps forward while he failed
to make one. His teasing became positive persecution, but Vic continued
to endure it with a smiling face.

One day, however, just after school, as Vic was starting toward home,
with his books under his arm, he accidentally passed too near a
gymnasium rope on which Hen Little was swinging. A slight collision was
the result, and Hen lost his hold on the rope, with no more serious
consequence than a fall to his knees. Springing up, he rushed at Vic,
and without a word of warning, dealt him a severe blow on the nose,
knocking him down into a little puddle. It was a particularly brutal and
wanton attack, and so, as I began by saying, all the boys cried,
"Shame!" and the scene already described ensued.

Vic Whitney seemed calm enough when he begged the boys to refrain from
their proposed measure of vengeance, but as he walked away homeward he
was in reality very much disturbed. His sense of justice was outraged
beyond endurance, and his feeling was that he would wrong himself if he
failed to administer the punishment he had promised Hen Little.

If Vic could have concealed the affair from his mother by saying nothing
about it, he would have done so; but that was impossible. The torn
clothing and the swollen nose required an explanation. When he had told
the story, and declared his purpose, his mother sought gently to calm
his spirit; but finding that impossible in his present mood, she quietly
dropped the matter, hoping at some later time to dissuade Vic from his

After supper Vic went out without saying where he was going. He walked
up the street, and entered the office of Dr. McCutcheon, his father's
life-long friend.

"Well, my boy," said the doctor, "what's the matter? Have you been

"No; it's nothing," said Vic; "and I didn't come for sticking-plasters
or poultices. I want your advice."

"You shall have it. What is the trouble?"

"I want you to tell me just how I should live, while developing my
muscles, in order that I may gain strength and activity as rapidly as

"What! going to make a prize-fighter of yourself? I thought you cared
more for triumphs won with your head."

"No, I'm not going to be a prize-fighter," replied Vic; "but I am going
to get up all the muscle there is in me, and I want to know about diet,

"Well," said the doctor, "perhaps you _are_ a trifle flabby for want of
exercise, and I'm not sure that you can do better than train a little.
As to diet, quit coffee and tea, eat plenty of roast beef and other
wholesome plain food, let pastry alone, and don't study just before or
just after a hearty meal; get ten hours' sleep in every twenty-four, if
you can; and it won't take much training to make you robust."

Clearly the doctor had no thought that Vic intended anything more than
to make himself robust and healthy; but Vic had secured the information
he wanted.

The next day he fitted up a number of gymnastic appliances in the cow
barn. He fastened ring ropes to the beams, and constructed some parallel
bars; he swung a ladder horizontally, and hung a bag of sand on a level
with his breast. Then his training began. When he got out of bed in the
morning he took a cold bath, and rubbed himself well with a coarse
towel. Then slipping on some light clothing, he went out and ran around
two or three blocks at a good round pace. On his return, after taking
breath, he swung by his hands on his ring ropes, drawing himself up
first with both hands, and then, after a week's practice, with one hand
at a time. The horizontal bars and the ladder came next, each furnishing
a variety of exercises for different muscles. Finally, Vic would stand
in front of his sand bag and strike it with his fists a great many

At first these muscular exercises made him stiff and sore, but this
effect soon passed away, and day by day he increased the amount of
exercise taken. His muscles grew in size and hardened. Feats that had
been impossible to him at first, became easy, and the exercise which at
first seemed to exhaust him became positively delightful. Devising new
exercises and new apparatus every week, he presently found that he was
acquiring something besides strength--he was growing expert in all
manner of agile feats. He practiced trapeze performances, and rapidly
acquired an accuracy of eye, a steadiness of nerves, which made easy
and safe many cat-like feats, in which, if he had attempted them a few
weeks before, he must certainly have broken his neck.

His mother had anxiously watched his conduct; and one evening she seized
upon a favorable moment for remonstrance, seeking to dissuade him from
his purpose of vengeance. He heard her silently, and when she had done,
he replied, very calmly, but very resolutely:

"Mother, what you say is all true and right in principle. It is wrong to
cherish anger and to seek vengeance, but that isn't my case. I don't
hate Hen Little: I pity his meanness and his cowardice. I am not seeking
vengeance, but justice, and I have a right to that. If I were to give up
thrashing him, I should look at myself with contempt. I shall punish
him, not because I hate him--for I don't--but because I must assert my
own manhood."

The widow was perplexed by this view of the case. She could not quite
believe it was right, and yet she could not conscientiously say it was

"Well, my son," she replied, "I fear you are wrong; but you may be
right. At any rate, I can not take the responsibility of urging you to
submit to anything that you feel to be a degradation. Feeling as you do,
you must decide the matter for yourself."

"I have decided it," said Vic; "and the decision is that I must thrash
Hen Little."

Vic and his mother were sitting in the doorway during this conversation.
Vic had finished his lessons, and the hour was late, but the night was
so pleasant that the pair sat there chatting long after their usual
bed-time. Just as Vic ended the discussion with the remark quoted above,
the fire-bells rang out with that eager, noisy, frightened clangor which
fire-bells have only in small cities where a fire calls the whole
population forth. Vic seized his hat and ran, guided by the glare which
already appeared at the opposite end of the town.

The burning house was one of the largest in the little city, a building
three stories in height; and before the excited volunteer fire companies
could get a stream of water running, the fire was evidently beyond their
control. It had broken out in the lower story, near the stairway; and
finding that efforts to stay its course were idle, the firemen and
spectators did little more than place ladders at a second-story window
for the escape of the family, who had been sleeping. When all were out,
there was nothing to do but to stand and watch the bonfire, as no other
house was near enough to be in danger.

Presently a head appeared at one of the windows of the third story, and
a cry for help was heard. A shudder ran through the crowd, for there was
no help to be given. The fire had burned both the stairways, and there
was no ladder long enough to reach beyond the second story. Some of the
spectators stood stupefied; others ran about aimlessly, trying to do
something, but having no idea what.

Meantime the boy at the window cried aloud and piteously for help. His
father and mother were not less frantic than he. They had believed that
all the family were safely out, supposing that Hen--for it was Hen
Little--had passed down one flight from his third-story bedroom, and had
escaped with the rest. Seeing him now at the window, they lost their
wits, and cried to him to leap out, without thinking that to do so would
be instant death to him. Yet there was apparently nothing to be done,
and the situation was appalling. The crowd shuddered to think that the
boy, whom they all knew, must be burned to death there in their sight.

Presently a cry arose at the rear of the crowd, and Vic Whitney came
running with all his might, shouting:

"Don't jump, Hen! Stay where you are! Don't jump out!"

Vic had run to a neighboring house, and brought away a clothes-line.

"Has anybody a string?" he shouted--"a kite cord--anything--quick!"

A boy handed him a kite cord, and Vic quickly tied one end of it around
his own body. Then turning to Tom Reid, he said:

"Unwind fifty feet or so, break it off, and tie the end to this rope, so
that I can pull the rope up. Be quick."

Leaving Tom to execute this direction, Vic ran forward, stepped upon the
railing of the front steps, and grasping a window-shutter which luckily
was open, and therefore not in the blaze that licked its tongue out of
the window, he drew himself lightly up to its top, crying out as he did
so, "Play a stream of water on me."

The fireman obeyed, and none too soon, for all the clothing on Vic's
right side was scorching. From the top of this shutter Vic reached the
window-sill above, and disappeared in a dense cloud of black smoke. It
was for only a moment, however. Having his wits about him, he held his
breath to avoid suffocation, and quickly climbed to the top of the
window, and into the air again. Another moment, and he had grasped the
sill of the third-story window. A gust of wind blew a flame from below
right upon him. He felt his arms blister and his head swim. One second
more, and he must loosen his hold, and fall. The crowd below uttered a
moan of horror. The wind shifted instantly, however, and in spite of the
agony he suffered from the burns, Vic made a last effort, and drew
himself up to the window where Hen had stood. Hen was no longer there,
and the room was too full of smoke for Vic to see into it. He knew what
had happened. Hen had become unconscious from suffocation, and had
fallen on the floor by the window. Hastily drawing up the kite cord, to
which Tom Reid had fastened the end of the clothes-line, Vic soon had
the rope in his hand. Reaching down from the window-sill, he fastened
the line around Hen's body, and swung him out, the crowd below yelling
itself hoarse as he lowered away. A few seconds sufficed to let Hen down
to the ground, where the doctors took charge of him.

Meantime Vic had to think of saving himself. He fastened the rope at the
window, and was on the point of slipping down it, when a fierce flame
burst from the window immediately beneath, burning the rope off like a
thread, and cutting off all chance of escape in that direction.

Vic saw his extreme danger, but as he afterward said, his mind seemed to
be unnaturally calm and alert. There was fire below him, through which
it was impossible to pass, and the roof was in a blaze. But he
remembered that the lightning-rod of this house, instead of passing
straight to the earth, was carried down along the roof to the corner
nearest him, and thence down the corner to the ground. Seizing this
slender chance of life, he climbed to the top of the window, and grasped
the stout gutter pipe that ran along the eaves.

Swinging from this by his hands, he worked his way slowly and painfully
toward the corner, while the people below actually held their breath.
Whether the gutter would hold the boy's weight or not was terribly
uncertain, and the people stood on tiptoe, as if they could thereby
lessen the weight, and increase his small chance for life. Slowly he
worked along toward the corner, and at last his hand grasped the
friendly lightning-rod. A few seconds later he was safely on the ground,
but so badly burned that it was necessary to carry him home on a

       *       *       *       *       *

A week later, when Dr. McCutcheon pronounced Vic out of danger, a
company of his school-mates came to see him. They filed into his room,
and took their places in a sort of line. Then Hen Little entered, and
walking up to the bedside, he said:

"I've had my thrashing, Vic, and I've brought all the boys that were
present on that other day to hear me say so. I want to ask your pardon
for all I've done to you. I deserved punishment; now I've got it; and if
it ain't enough, you may thrash me with your fists as soon as you get
well, and I won't raise a finger." Then, turning to the boys, he said:
"Vic called me a coward that day when I abused him, and he was right. I
acted cowardly, and I want to say so to all of you. I'm thoroughly
ashamed of myself."

Vic held out his hand, which was bandaged almost to the finger-tips, and
said: "Hen, I take it all back. There isn't a cowardly bone in the body
of a boy who can apologize in that way for a fault. Let's be friends







[1] Begun in No. 92 of HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE, August 2.

Every one knew that Tip's life depended on their getting home quickly,
and all the strength they could command was expended on the oars to such
purpose that in a trifle more than two hours the boat was moored
alongside Dunham's wharf again.

[Illustration: TIP AND THE DOCTOR.]

Without stopping for anything, the entire party followed Tim and Bill to
Dr. Abbott's office, and there they could hardly prevent themselves from
cheering when the doctor told them that Tip's injuries were by no means
serious, and that he would soon be well, although it was possible that
he might always be lame in one hind-leg.

The shot were soon extracted, and Tip taken to the most comfortable spot
in Mr. Tucker's barn, where it is safe to say he did not suffer from
want of attention.

That night, after Bobby and Tim had told the story of their camping out,
Mr. Tucker thoroughly frightened them by saying that on the next day he
was going to take Tim back to Selman to see Captain Babbige.

Tim's face grew very pale, and it was plain to be seen that he was in
the greatest terror, while Bobby was thrown into a perfect fever of

"I am not going to leave you there, Tim, if I can help it, for I intend
to do by you as I would some one should do by my Bobby if I had been
called to meet the Great Father. As matters now stand, you have no right
to be here, nor I to keep you; for Captain Babbige is your lawful
guardian, whom I hope you did not leave without sufficient cause.
To-morrow night we will start for Selman, and there the law shall decide
whether you may not be permitted to choose another guardian."

Bobby caught eagerly at the idea that Tim would soon return, with a
perfect right to stay on Minchin's Island, but the homeless boy took a
more gloomy view of the case. He felt certain that Captain Babbige would
force him to remain with him, and the future now looked as dark as a day
or two before it had looked bright.

So positive did he feel that he should not be allowed to return, that,
if Tip's wound had been any less severe he would have taken him with
him; but as it was, he made Bobby promise faithfully to send him as soon
as he should be able to travel.

The next day, when the boy population of Minchin's Island learned that
Tim was to be taken back to the man who had abused him so cruelly, they
held a sort of indignation meeting back of Mr. Tucker's barn, where the
matter was discussed.

Some of the more excitable among them proposed that, since the steamer
on which Tim was to leave would not touch at the island until nearly six
o'clock, there was plenty of time for him to run away again, making it
impossible for Mr. Tucker to carry him back. They argued that he could
build himself a hut in the woods, where, protected by Tip, he could live
the jolliest kind of a life, and they all could come to see him as
summer boarders.

But Tim rejected all such counsel, giving good reason for doing so.

"Mr. Tucker says I ought not have run away in the first place, an' I
s'pose he knows, though it does seem hard to have to stay where folks
are so awful ugly to you. Now he says I must go back, an' I wouldn't be
any kind of a feller if I run away from him after he's been so good to
me. I'd like to go out in the woods to live if it wouldn't rain any, and
I'd do anything rather than go back to Selman; but Mr. Tucker says I
ought to go, an' I'm goin', whatever Captain Babbige does to me."

Every boy present knew that Tim was right, and those who had first
advised him felt ashamed of having done so, while all united in cheering
him for his resolution, until Tip, awakened by the noise, barked loudly,
which, to Tim's mind at least, was proof that he approved of his
master's decision.

That night Tim was escorted to the steamer by a large number of boys,
and while he was on the wharf he felt reasonably brave, even though he
was obliged to pass directly in front of Captain Pratt. But when the
steamer left the dock, and the cheers of the boys died away in the
distance, he fully expected to be summoned to the wheel-house. But
Captain Pratt paid no attention to him, and on the following day Selman
was reached without any incident worthy of mention.

There Tim was never exactly certain how the matter was arranged. He knew
that he was taken into court almost as if he had been a criminal, that
many questions were asked him by the Judge, and that a number of
gentlemen whom he knew told of the ill-treatment he had received from
Captain Babbige.

Then it seemed as if Mr. Tucker had been accused of something, for he
told about his business and himself, and showed a great number of
letters from people on Minchin's Island, all speaking of him as a kind
and good man.

Captain Babbige was there, apparently in a very uncomfortable frame of
mind, and he spoke to Tim in the kindest manner possible, asking him if
he hadn't always treated him as a son.

Tim was not sure how fathers did treat sons, except in one or two cases;
but he told the Captain of what he had said about wanting him to die,
and then coaxed the Judge--oh, so hard!--to let him go back with Mr.

Then some other people had a good deal to say, the Judge talked some
more, and after they were all through, Mr. Tucker told Tim it had been
decided he could go back to Minchin's Island.

Tim's delight was so great that it seemed impossible for him to keep his
feet on the ground. And when he was back at the island again, in the
midst of the crowd of boys who had come to welcome him for the second
time, his joy found vent in words.

And when Tim got into Mr. Tucker's house, where Bobby cheered until he
was hoarse, and Mrs. Tucker kissed him again and again, he found it
impossible even to speak, because of a great lump in his throat, which
was not caused by sorrow; but he said over and over to himself that no
one should regret in the man what they had done for the homeless orphan




We all know, in a general way, that nothing grows unless it is alive,
and yet who ever thinks of bread dough as having life in it? There never
was a garden bed so full of living plants as is the loaf when it is
moulded into shape, and ready to be put into the oven. If you have never
watched the mixing of bread, I would advise you to go and look at it the
first chance you have, for it is a very curious and entertaining bit of
gardening. The cook first prepares her seed, which is the yeast. There
are several ways of planting yeast, as there are of planting other seed.
You may either soak it to make the seed sprout quickly, or you may start
the little plants in a hot-bed, or, again, you may buy your young
seedlings, and transplant them into your own garden plot. Just so you
may get your yeast seed ready to plant. The yeast cake may be only
melted in warm water, or it may be set to start in a cup of water and
flour by the warm kitchen fire, or you may buy the yeast already grown
at the baker's.

When the seed or seedlings are ready, the garden plot is prepared. The
cook heaps up in her bread bowl quarts of snowy flour. Into this heap,
after making a hole, she pours her prepared yeast. Working the bread is
only another name for the careful scattering of the seed through all the
dough, that it may spring up and grow, and fill the whole mass with the
tiny plants.

[Illustration: FIG. 1--TOAD-STOOLS.]

The yeast plant is not a common kind of plant, but belongs to the same
class as mushrooms and toad-stools, and the fuzzy, cottony growth that
we call mould. There are two kinds of plants that we may find almost
anywhere in the fields and woods, and even in the city yards--the fungi
and the green plants. The yeast plant is one of the fungi. These are
very different in most respects from the green plants: they can live and
grow and thrive in darkness; they do not have either leaves or flowers,
and they usually spring up and die very quickly. The greatest real
difference between the two kinds is, however, that the fungi live on
food that has been alive before--on plants, or animals, or decaying
matter, while the green plants live on what they get out of the earth
and the air and the water.

[Illustration: FIG. 2.--YEAST PLANT.

_a_, Single cells; _b_, growing plants.]

The simplest of all the fungi is the yeast plant. It begins its life as
a tiny egg-shaped bag, or sac (Fig. 2 _a_). This cell, as it is called,
is filled with a very curious jelly, perhaps the most wonderful thing in
all the world. It is found in everything that lives and grows. By its
help the little yeast plant can take the flour and water, and can change
it so that while the paste is used up and disappears, the cells grow
larger, and sprout out buds. You have particles of this jelly, or
_protoplasm_, lining your mouth and stomach, and the food you eat is
changed into flesh and blood and bones by this wonder-working magician.
In the figures, the grainy substance is the protoplasm.

This jelly all seems to be pretty much alike, but there is some
marvellous difference somewhere--a difference that science has never
reached. The yeast cell takes in certain food, and grows, but it never
makes anything but other or larger yeast cells. The food you eat and
digest makes just _you_; more of you, perhaps, but still you, yourself,
and nobody else.

[Illustration: FIG. 3.--MOULD.]

Like all living things, the tiny yeast cell must eat and breathe, or it
will die. It feeds, not by opening its mouth and taking in its food, but
by lying bathed in it, and soaking it up through its skin. When the cook
dissolves her yeast cake, and puts it into the spongy dough, she is
putting the little plant into its food bath. The cells which have been
so long in prison, shut up in the darkness and cold of the dried yeast,
begin to look alive, and stretch themselves, and enjoy their liberty.
They take kindly to their food right away, and begin helping themselves
to what they find about them. They do not merely soak up the flour and
water in which they are plunged, but they manage to extract from the
compound just what they need.

The cells must not only feed in order to live, but they must breathe,
they must somehow get oxygen, which is the gas that our breathing takes
out of the air. And this they extract, as a miner does gold, by
separating it from its ore. There is a certain amount of sugar in wheat,
which gives to good bread and to cracked wheat their delicate sweetness
of flavor. Sugar is made up of a number of different substances, which
the yeast cell has the power of separating. It takes the oxygen for its
own use, and leaves behind the other things that make up the sugar.

Feeding and breathing in this way, by taking what it needs from the
flour, the cell grows. When it has reached its mature size, it rests
quietly for a while as if it were gathering strength for the effort, and
then it sends out a little bud, which grows like the parent cell, until
another bud and another grow from it. When the plant is grown, it is
very unlike our notion of a plant; it is really nothing more than a
little chain of sacs growing end to end. As soon as the little plant has
exhausted all the sugar and food substance of the flour, it stops
growing, the cells separate, and remain quite still.

There is just one time in the growth of the plant when the dough is
right for baking. Before it has grown enough, the bubbles through the
dough are too few or too small. These bubbles are the carbonic acid gas
left behind when the oxygen has been taken out of the sugar, and there
must be plenty of them to make the bread light. If the bread is left too
long to rise, the cells get more than their share of the wheat sugar,
and the bread is sour. Just at the right stage, which every good
bread-maker can tell by experience, a thorough baking will destroy the
alcohol, and the bread will be both sweet and light.

When the yeast plant is sowed on the top of the flour and water, instead
of being buried in it, all this is very different. The plant takes its
food from the paste, but it does not need the sugar, so it lets that
alone. It can get its oxygen in a much simpler way, right from the air,
as we do, and does not need to go through the labor of smelting it out
of the sugar. The raising of our bread by yeast is entirely due to the
efforts of the tiny cells to get a breath of air when we have smothered
them up in the dough.

There are other plants besides the yeast plant that act in the same way.
Have you never heard your mother say, when she opened a jar of
preserves, "These are all right, I know, for they are covered with
mould"? Mould is a good deal like yeast in some things; if the germ
cell, or spore, falls upon the top of the sweetmeats, it can get plenty
of oxygen from the air, and so lets the sugar alone. But if it is nearly
drowned in the syrup, it will get its oxygen somehow, and so the sugar
has to be sacrificed, and the preserves are left to spoil. What else
could you expect of such little mischief-makers if you shut them up with
the sweetmeats?

The yeast plant is so very, very small that you can not see it except
with a very fine magnifying glass. But there are other plants like it
which are large enough to be seen with a small and not a costly
microscope.[2] These are what we call moulds. If you want to study
moulds, nothing is easier than to prepare them. Mix a spoonful of flour
with cold water, and spread the paste over the bottom of a plate or
saucer. In a few days it will be covered all over. If you put it in a
damp and dark place, the mould will sprout sooner. You might put away a
piece of bread at the same time, and you will find it covered with a
growth too.

[2] There is a little microscope which I find in Queen's Catalogue,
called the Excelsior, No. 3050, price $2.75, with three lenses. This I
have used, and found very good. It is in a small walnut box 3 by 1-3/8
inches in size, having a little mirror, stand, and two dissecting
needles. It magnifies about twelve diameters (nearly 150 times in area),
and gives a good clear image, besides having the advantage of being an
excellent pocket glass, even if you should buy a more costly instrument

[Illustration: FIG. 4.--MOULD.

_a_, Rosette Heads; _b_, Fruit.]

Take a bit of this paste on the blade of a knife, and examine it
carefully. You will see among the cottony fibres a number of little
upright stems with black or white or yellow heads, which give the mould
a speckled look. Under the microscope you see a perfect jungle of
growth--a tangle of threads, which look like spun glass, running here
and there and everywhere. From these, which are the roots of the mould,
the stems spring up, bearing, instead of leaves or flowers, tiny
glistening toad-stools that look as if they were made out of a pearl; or
sometimes the heads are like strings of little pearls (Fig. 3), or at
others they are rosettes of such strings (Fig. 4 _a_). The black and
sage green colors come later, and are the fruit or seed-bearing portion
of the plant (Fig. 4 _b_).

[Illustration: FIG. 5.--MOULD.

_a_, Stalk; _b_, same opened; _c_, outer skin broken, and spores

On my saucer of paste I found in one place a plantation of delicate
yellow fungi. The stems came up thick, with the little round fruit at
the end of each, looking as if the whole thing was carved out of amber.
In another place, over the yawning caverns made by the cracks in the
paste, there were delicate forms like grasses in seed, all looking like
spun glass. The largest kind of common mould, which you may see in Fig.
5, is not so beautiful as these I have just described, but it shows very
well the way the fungi grow, and form their seed, and then sow
themselves. This plant is easily seen without any microscope, but looked
at through the little Excelsior glass, you see a great deal more. The
stalks look as they do in Fig. 5 _a_. If you are so fortunate as to have
a large microscope, and watch them from day to day, you will see them
look as they do in Fig. 5 _b_, and finally, when the outer skin breaks,
like _c_, in the same illustration.

A single spoonful of flour will give you this wonderful garden, with its
crop of yeast plant, if you sow the seed, or, if you trust to luck, its
harvest of chance-sown mould. The air is full of these spores of the
mould plants, and wherever they find a place they will take possession
of it, and grow up without planting or cultivating, as weeds do. You can
be certain of your yeast crop, because you have sowed it; but you must
take your chances with the mould. You are almost sure, however, to find
in any saucer of paste the different kinds described and pictured in
Figs. 3, 4, and 5.

It is worth while sometimes to get away from the every-day world, and
learn the wonders that are to be found in the fairy ring to which the
microscope admits us.



Mr D----, one of our neighbors, was going after his cows one night, and
had a singular bit of experience. He kept the cattle near a meadow, and
in going for them had to pass through a clump of bushes where
raspberries and blackberries were abundant. The path was very narrow,
and in some places so much overgrown by the bushes that a person might
be very near an object and not see it. Suddenly a large bear rose up
before him, and sat on his haunches not three feet away. Mr. D---- was a
tall and very powerful man, and not easily frightened, but he didn't
like such familiarity as that. There was no time to retreat, and he had
no weapon with which to defend himself, but he clinched his huge fist,
and struck the bear a terrific blow between the eyes. Bruin was not
prepared for this, and as he sat up so straight, and could not brace
himself quick enough, the blow knocked him clean over upon his back in
the bushes. He roared, and scrambled to his feet, and ran off as fast as
his legs could carry him, much more disturbed by the event than Mr.
D---- was.

A year or two after this, my father and I were out gathering raspberries
one afternoon in August. We were in a field close by a wood, where
several acres were covered with the bushes, and as it was newly cleared
land, they grew very tall. Indeed, a person might be picking berries ten
feet distant from you, and, if he kept quiet, you would not know it.

After a while we climbed upon the trunk of a fallen tree, for the sake
of reaching some high bushes that were bending under the weight of
luscious fruit, when we saw a bear, not more than ten feet distant,
helping himself to the same berries. At first he did not see us, and we
watched him for a little as he ate the fruit. It was surprising how
skillfully he would take a bush in his paws and hold it down while he
ate off the berries, and then let it go and catch another.

But we wanted those raspberries, and father shouted and swung his pail
around his head, thinking to drive the bear away. But the beast did not
propose to be disturbed in that way, and seemed to think he had as much
right there as we. He simply let go the bushes, and looked at us.

Father grew impatient with swinging the pail of berries around his own
head, and threw it with all his might at the head of the bear. It was
well aimed, for it struck him squarely in the face. It scattered the
berries all over him, and the tin pail fell rattling among the bushes
and stones. I never saw such a picture of astonishment as that bear
presented. For a brief instant he seemed paralyzed, and then, dropping
on four feet, he ran away screaming like a child who has been frightened
by a turkey-gobbler. Father's berries were spilled, but he could do
nothing else for some minutes but laugh at the way that poor bear ran
and screamed.

We hear stories about bears attacking people without provocation, but I
believe most of them are purely imaginary or greatly exaggerated. I have
hunted the black bear in the New England States, and in the British
Provinces; I have threaded the forests on foot, and scoured the plains
on horseback, but I never yet saw a black bear that would attack a man,
unless it were a dam whose cubs were meddled with, or a bear that had
been wounded and driven into a corner. Under such circumstances any
animal will fight in self-defense. The chief difficulty with black bears
is, not that they will hurt you, but that you can not get near enough to
hurt them.



  A bright little sunbeam sped earthward one day
    From his father's great bosom of light;
  For he heard from his beautiful home in the sky
  A poor little violet mournfully sigh,
  "The earth is so cold, and the winds are so high,
    I am sure I shall perish ere night."

  But the words barely passed from her trembling lips
    When a life-giving kiss on her fell;
  And the dear little sunbeam both arms round her threw,
  And said, "Tremble not, I shall tarry with you,"
  And he kissed back her life, till the tenderest blue
    Proclaimed her the queen of the dell.


What the game of base-ball is to this country--yes, and a great deal
more--cricket is to England. It is the national game, the most favored
among a people who are devoted to all kinds of out-door games and

Why, then, it may be asked, is it not more generally played in this

The answer that has been given to several similar questions may,
perhaps, be given to this. We have too many railroads to build and too
many rivers to bridge to devote two whole days to a single game of

Ay, my masters, build your railroads from ocean to ocean and from the
great lakes to the Gulf, bridge your mighty cañons and your roaring
torrents, but remember that the brain that works out the problems of the
engineer and the surveyor will work the smoother and last the longer if
it be greased occasionally with an excellent oil compounded of rest and

It is very possible that most of our readers have never even seen a game
of cricket, especially if they live far from large cities. To the
Philadelphia boy cricket is as familiar as is base-ball to most boys. If
asked to name the "three Graces," he might answer, as pat as you please,
"E. M., W. G., and G. F.," giving the initials of the three famous
brothers Grace, whose names are familiar wherever cricket is played. But
as this paper is not for boys of any one place, but for boys all over
the country--nay, for boys wherever found--we will describe the game,
and try to show in what lies its great favor among those who know it.

Cricket is properly played by eleven persons on each side, though where
so many persons can not be brought together, a less number can play. One
side bats, and the other side bowls and fields. Two batsmen go to the
wickets, one at each end; and the first bowler delivers a ball to the
batsman opposite to him, while the fielders take their positions at a
greater or less distance from the wicket.

"Oh, well hit! well hit!"

Yes, well hit, indeed. The batsman has driven the ball right over the
bowler's head, and has already crossed between the wickets twice,
scoring two "runs." Yes, and he and his partner are trying another one.
Good! three runs off the first ball.

But another batsman is to receive the ball this time. It is the one who
was at the wicket whence the last ball was bowled. As they have made
three runs, the man who hit the last ball is at the other end now.

Ah, that was a good ball, and well he played it. There was no driving
that ball to "long on" or "long off" for three. It was well pitched up,
and had a spin on it that made it shoot along the ground instead of
rising; and so the batsman played back, and just got his bat down in
time to stop it, for it was bound for his middle stump. He is a cautious
player, the man at this end, and the bowling is straight and well

After five balls, a man who has been standing by the bowler with his
coat on, and seeming to take no interest in the game, turns his back on
the bowler and batsman, and strolls off as if tired of looking on. Then
the fielders seem to be playing at "pussy wants a corner," for they walk
about and change places, and then another man begins to bowl from the
other wicket.

The fact is, you did not hear the man with his coat on call, "Over!"
Well, he did so. Not that the game is over, or the innings, or anything
else. They are simply going to bowl from the other end, and so all the
fielders have to change their positions so as to occupy the same
position with regard to the batsman. The man with the coat on is one of
the umpires (there is one at each wicket), and it is part of his
business to count the balls bowled. When one man has bowled four or five
balls, as the case may be, another man bowls the same number from the
other wicket.

"Well bowled! oh, good ball!"

The meaning of these cries arising from the spectators is that the new
bowler has sent the middle stump of one of the batsmen flying, and our
friend retires to the tent, where he is greeted with some little
applause by his comrade. And so one man out of the eleven is "out."

The next man walks up and takes his place, and the game goes on. He is a
careful player, this new man, but he is a hard hitter also. See how he
swung his bat round to his left side, and sent that last ball to "leg"
for four runs. Now he has the ball again, and for "over" after "over" he
and his partner give the fielders plenty to do. Look at the board on
which the score is displayed. It marks sixty runs, and only one man out.
This is getting serious. The Captain of the fielders calls one of his
men up to him, and says a few words. Some new tactics are to be tried.

The next "over" reveals what they are. The batsmen have become used to
the bowling, and so, like a wise man, the Captain puts on a fresh

The new man's balls seem easy enough. See, there one goes for three or
four runs at least. But wait a little. This underhand bowling is
tempting, but it is also dangerous. A beautiful easy ball comes which
the batsman steps to meet, and drives high over the heads of the near
fielders, but away off there in the distance a man is posted to look
after just such balls as this. He sees it coming, keeps his eye on it,
runs backward a few paces, and it is in his hand before it touches the
ground. And so the second man is caught out.

By the time the third man is out, the score has reached a hundred, but
after that the wickets fall more quickly. The bowling is changed as
often as it is found that the batsmen can master it, and the fielders
are on the alert.

There is but one more wicket to fall, and the score bids fair to reach
two hundred. One hundred would have seemed a good score, had they not
already nearly doubled that number, and now they are straining every
nerve to gain the wished-for two hundred.

[Illustration: A GAME OF CRICKET--"RUN OUT."]

They are stealing runs now; that is, they are running where there is
great risk of the ball being thrown up to the wicket before they can
reach it; and if the ball strikes the wicket before the batsman reaches
it, he is "run out." Stealing runs is a risky game, and-- Yes; well,
there is a proof of it. Yonder long-legged fellow has slipped and
fallen, and though he stretches out his bat as far as possible, he can
not reach his "ground"; he is "run out," and the innings is over for one
hundred and ninety-nine runs.

The fielders retire to the shade of the tent, and two of them soon come
forth to take their places with the bat, while the remainder enjoy their
well-earned rest. Those who have had their innings take up their
positions in the field, and the first innings of the other side begins.

Then the excitement is renewed. Shouts of applause or encouragement
greet every good or unlucky deed of the players, and as the innings
draws to a close, the interest increases. It takes two innings on each
side to decide the match, and a game is never lost until it is won. Of
course in cricket there is good luck and bad, but in this game, as in
all others where skill plays the principal part, luck counts for but
little in the long-run. The best players nearly always win.

Cricket may be played six months in the year, and those who play it
think six months none too much. It is a social game also, and a good
club can always arrange matches with neighboring clubs, and so friendly
is the feeling among players that a visiting eleven nearly always
declare, when they go home after a match, that they were never better
treated in their lives. In the skill required, the variety of
excitement, and the friendly feeling that it promotes, lie the claims of
cricket to the favor it enjoys.

[Illustration: THE LITTLE ORPHAN.]


This poor little lamb has lost its mother, and it looks cold and
famished. It is well that it has found friends who will take good care
of it, for without food and shelter it would soon perish. When it has
drunk the warm milk which Guy's mamma is coaxing it to take, she will
make a little bed for it of some nice soft hay or wool, cover it up, and
leave it in a snug, quiet place to take a nap.

Sheep and lambs love mountain and hill countries, and their pastures are
almost always on breezy uplands. The first sheep ever brought to this
continent were sent to Virginia from England in 1609. How bewildered and
unhappy the poor things must have felt on the long voyage, with the
great waves thumping against the vessel, and the wind whistling through
the sails! They must have been very glad indeed when at last they
touched land.

There is one English poet whose verses about lambs ought to be learned
by all children. We mean Wordsworth. You remember that in a recent
number of YOUNG PEOPLE we had a poem of his which was beautifully
illustrated. One of his poems is called "The Pet Lamb," and it is about
a little orphan lamb just like this one, which is cared for by a child
named Barbara. The lamb is bleating, and straining at its cord, and she
says to it:

  "'Rest, little young one, rest; thou hast forgot the day
  When my father found thee first in places far away.
  Many flocks were on the hills, but thou wert owned by none,
  And thy mother from thy side for evermore was gone.

  "'Thy limbs will shortly be twice as stout as they are now;
  Then I'll yoke thee to my cart, like a pony in the plough;
  My playmate thou shalt be, and when the wind is cold
  Our hearth shall be thy bed, our house shall be thy fold.'"

There is another poem by Wordsworth called "The Last of the Flock,"
which is quite different from this. It is the story of a poor peasant on
the hills who had a flock of sheep which he dearly loved. He could not
bear to kill or to sell them. A time of great distress came, and there
was a scarcity of food. He went to the parish authorities, and asked for
relief for his family. This they denied, saying to him: "You are not a
poor man. You have sheep and lambs. Dispose of them." So one by one he
sold them, and it almost broke his heart to do it, and at last he had
only one lamb left. He loved his children, and did not wish them to
suffer, but to part with his cherished flock was like giving his blood
up drop by drop, and finally, as he walked on the highway, taking the
last lamb to the market, the tears ran down his face. He said,

  "'And of my fifty, yesterday
    I had but only one,
  And here it lies upon my arm,
    Alas! and I have none.
  To-day I fetched it from the rock;
  It is the last of all my flock.'"

Most sensible people will think that the man ought to have been glad
that he possessed sheep, which he could exchange for bread for his boys
and girls; but here and there among the children there will be some who
can understand his feeling. You would not like to part for money with a
dog, a cat, or a bird which you had taken care of, even if you wanted
money very much, and to the peasant the sheep and lambs had become
almost as dear as his children. When he sold one, he felt almost as if
he had been selling a child. As all shepherds do, he knew each sheep
from every other, and their faces did not look alike, as the faces in a
flock do to us, but each had an expression of its own--what we call

When the lamb in the picture shall have grown too large to take his food
out of a bottle, he will crop the sweet fresh grass, and frisk about
merrily, especially if his mistress now and then tempts him with a taste
of salt in her hand. He will be very gentle, though full of play, and he
and his baby master will have fine times together. It is rather sad to
think that as time passes he will be less fond of gambolling, and will
become a stupid, grazing, dreaming old sheep, not nearly so interesting
as now when he is a little shivering orphan lamb.


An Indian Story.



[3] Begun in HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE No. 101, October 4.

A mountain range is not at all like a garden fence. You do not just climb
up one side of it, and drop down into another garden beyond. The one
which arose before the Lipans that day, and through which the Apaches
before them had driven their long lines of ponies, loaded with buffalo
meat and all the baggage of an Indian hunting camp, was really a wide
strip of very rough country, full of mountains, and rising to a high
ridge in the centre. The Lipans were not very well acquainted with it,
except by what they had heard from others, and there had been some
murmuring among them at first when their leader announced his intention
of following his war-path to the other side of such a barrier as that.

His speech had settled it all, however, and his warriors were ready to
go with him, no matter where he should lead them. Anything rather than
go back empty-handed to be laughed at.

The moment luncheon was over every man was on horseback. It was
absolutely necessary to find grass before night, if their horses were to
be good for anything the next day.

They knew that the particular band of Apaches they were pursuing must be
two or three days' march ahead of them, but they also knew that every
mountain range has its deep green valleys, and that the trail left by
their enemies would surely lead through the best of these.

Up, up, up, through rugged ravines and gorges for nearly an hour, and
then down again almost as far, and then, sooner than they had expected,
they came upon the very thing they were looking for. It was not so large
or so beautiful a valley as the one in which Many Bears and his men were
encamped miles and miles beyond. It did not widen like that at its lower
end into a broad and undulating plain, with a river and a forest far
away, but there was plenty of grass in it for tired and hungry horses,
and To-la-go-to-de at once decided that there they should halt for the

It was little beyond the middle of the afternoon, and a war party of
Lipans has neither tents to pitch nor much baggage to care for. Little
time was lost in "going into camp," and even before that was done every
fifth brave was ordered out to look for game. Not only would fresh meat
be better than dry if they could get any, but it would save their
somewhat slender stock of provisions for another day.

"Steve! Steve Harrison!"

"What is it, Murray?"

"I've spoken to old Two Knives. You and I are to hunt."

"Hurrah for that! Which way are you going?"

"Most of the others seem to be setting out southerly. I guess they're
right, so far as game is concerned. You and I'll try that gap to the
northwest. There's no telling where it may lead to."

The gap he pointed at was a sombre-looking chasm, the mouth of which
opened into the little valley where they were, at a distance of about
half a mile.

Nobody could tell, indeed, where it might lead to, nor could any one
have guessed, until he was actually in it, what a very remarkable gap it

The two white hunters had chosen to go on foot, and not one of their
Lipan friends had accompanied them. If they were men to be "watched" at
any other time, even the sharp eyes of Indian suspicion saw no need for
it among the desolate solitudes of those "sierras."

They did not hear To-la-go-to-de say to some of the red hunters: "No
Tongue great hunter. Bring in more antelope than anybody else. Yellow
Head good too. You beat them? Ugh!"

They would try beyond a doubt, but more than one Lipan shook his head.
The reputation of Murray as a slayer of game was too high to be
questioned, and he had taught Steve Harrison like a father.

"Murray," said Steve, "do you mean that such a gap as that offers me a

"To get away?"

"Yes; that's what I'm thinking of."

"Can't say about that, my boy. Probably not. I don't believe it comes
out on the western slope of the mountains."

"What do you want to try it for, then?"

"I don't exactly know. Game, perhaps. Then I want to teach you something
more about mountains, and finding your way among them. More than that, I
don't want to go the same way as any of the rest."

"I like that, anyhow. Seems as if I had ever so many questions to ask
that I never felt like asking before."

"I never cared to answer any, Steve, when you did ask 'em--not so long
as you and I were to be together. Now you're going away from me pretty
soon, I don't mind telling some things."

"Going away? Do you mean to say you won't go too? Shall you stay and be
a Lipan?"

"You'll go alone, Steve, when you go. That's all."

"Why won't you go with me?"

"That's one of the questions I don't mean to answer. You've told me all
about your family and people. I'll know where to look for you, if I ever
come out into the settlements."

"I wish you'd come. You're a white man. You're not a Mexican either.
You're American."

"No, I'm not."

"Not an American?"

"No, Steve; I'm an Englishman. I never told you that before. One reason
I don't want to go back is the very thing that sent me down into Mexico
to settle years and years ago."

"I didn't ask about that."

"No good if you did."

"But you've been a sort of father to me ever since you bought me from
the Lipans, after they cleaned out my uncle's hunting party, and I can't
bear the thought of leaving you here."

If it had not been for his war-paint, and its contrast with his Saxon
hair and eyes, Steve would have been a handsome, pleasant-looking boy,
tall and strong for his years, but still a good deal of a boy, and his
voice was now trembling in a very un-Indian sort of way. No true Lipan
would have dreamed of betraying any emotion at parting from even so good
a friend as Murray.

"Yes," said the latter, dryly, "they cleaned out the hunting party. Your
uncle and his men must have run pretty well, for not one of them lost
his scalp, or drew a bead on a Lipan. That's one reason they didn't
knock you on the head. They came home laughing, and sold you to me for
six ponies and a pipe."

"I never blamed my uncle. I've always wondered, though, what sort of a
story he told my father and mother."

"Guess he doesn't amount to a great deal."

"He's rich enough, and he's fond of hunting, but there isn't a great
deal of fight in him. He wouldn't make a good Lipan."

The circumstances of Steve's capture were evidently not very creditable
to some of those who were concerned in it, and Murray's tone in speaking
of the "uncle" who had brought him out into the Texas plains to lose him
so easily was bitterly contemptuous.

At that moment they were entering the mouth of the gap, and Murray
suddenly dropped all other subjects to exclaim,

"We've struck it, Steve."

"Struck what?"

"A regular cañon. See, the walls are almost perpendicular, and the
bottom comes down from ledge to ledge like a flight of stairs."

Steve had been among mountains before, but he had never seen anything
precisely like that.

In some places the vast chasm before him was hardly more than a hundred
feet wide, while its walls of gray granite and glittering white quartz
rock arose in varying heights of from three hundred to five hundred

"Come on, Steve."

"You won't find any game in here. A rabbit couldn't get enough to live
on among such rocks as these."

"Come right along. I want to get a look at the ledges up there. There's
no telling what we may stumble upon."

Steve's young eyes were fully occupied, as they pushed forward, with the
strange beauty and grandeur of the scenery above, beyond, and behind
him. The air was clear and almost cool, and there was plenty of light in
the shadiest nooks of the chasm.

"What torrents of water must pour down through here at some seasons of
the year," he was saying to himself, when his companion suddenly stopped
with a sharp,

"Hist! Look there!" and raised his rifle.

Steve looked. Away up on the edge of the beetling white crag at their
right the first "game" they had seen that day was calmly gazing down
upon them.

A "big-horn antelope" has the best nerves in the world, and it is
nothing to him how high may be the precipice on the edge of which he is
standing. His head never gets dizzy, and his feet never slip, for he was
made to live in that kind of country, and feels entirely at home in
spots where no other living thing cares to follow him.

[Illustration: IN THE CAÑON.]

That was a splendid specimen of what the first settlers called the
"Rocky Mountain sheep." His strong, wide, curling horns were of the
largest size, and gave him an expression of dignity and wisdom as he
peered down upon the hunters who had intruded upon his solitudes. He
would have shown more wisdom by not looking at all, for in a moment more
the sharp crack of Murray's rifle awoke the echoes of the cañon, and
then with a great bound the big-horn came tumbling down among the rocks
almost at Steve Harrison's feet.

"He's a little battered by his fall," said Murray, "that's a fact; but
he'll be just as good eating. Let's hoist him on that bowlder and go

"He's as much as we'd like to carry in."

"That's so; but we may bag something more, and then we could bring a
pony up almost as far as this. I don't mean to do any too much

His broad, muscular frame looked as if it had been built expressly for
that purpose, and he could have picked up at least one big-horn with
perfect ease; but he had been among the Indians a good while, and they
never lift a pound more than they are compelled to.

"Give me the next shot, Murray."

"I will, if it's all right. But you must use your own eyes. It won't do
to throw away any chances."

The game was quickly lifted to the bowlder pointed out by Murray, and he
and Steve pressed on up the great beautiful gateway deeper and deeper
into the secrets of the mountain range.

Every such range has its secrets, and one by one they are found out from
time to time; but there seemed to be little use in the discovery of any
just then and there. It was a very useless sort of secret. What was it?

Well, it was one that had been kept by that deep chasm for nobody could
guess how many thousands of years, until Steve Harrison stumbled a
little as he climbed one of the broken "stairs" of quartz, and came down
upon his hands and knees.

Before him the cañon widened into a sort of table-land, with crags and
peaks around it, and Murray saw trees here and there, and a good many
other things, but Steve exclaimed,

"Murray! Murray! Gold!"

"What! A vein?"

"I fell right down upon it. Just look there."

Murray looked, half carelessly at first, like a man who had before that
day discovered plenty of such things; but then he sprang forward.

"We're in the gold country," he said. "It's all gold-bearing quartz
hereaway. Steve! Steve! I declare I never saw such a vein as that. The
metal stands out in nuggets."

So it did. A strip of rock nearly five feet wide was dotted and spangled
with bits of dull yellow. It seemed to run right across the cañon at the
edge of that level, and disappear in the solid cliffs on either side.

"Oh, what a vein!"

"It's really gold, then?"

"Gold? Of course it is. But it isn't of any use."

"Why not?"

"Who could mine for it away down here in the Apache country? How could
they get machinery down here? Why, a regiment of soldiers couldn't keep
off the redskins, and every pound of gold would cost two pounds before
you could get it to a mint."

For all that, Murray gazed and gazed at the glittering rock, with its
scattered jewels of yellow, and a strange light began to glow in his
sunken eyes.

"No, Steve, I'm too old for it now. Gold's nothing to me any more. But
that ledge is yours now you've found it. Some day you may come back for

"I will if I live, Murray."

"Well, if you ever do, I'll tell you one thing more."

"What's that?"

"Dig and wash in the sand and gravel of that cañon below for all the
loose gold that's been washed down there from this ledge since the world
was made. There must be bushels of it."




After that trouble with Aunt Eliza--the time she staid up on the roof
and was rained on--I had no misfortunes for nearly a week. Aunt Eliza
went home as soon as she was well dried, and father said that he was
glad she was gone, for she talked so much all the time that he couldn't
hear himself think, though I don't believe he ever did hear himself
think. I tried it once. I sat down where it was real still, and thought
just as regular and steady as I could; but I couldn't hear the least
sound. I suppose our brains are so well oiled that they don't creak at
all when we use them. However, Mr. Travers told me of a boy he knew when
he was a boy. His name was Ananias G. Smith, and he would run round all
day without any hat on, and his hair cut very short, and the sun kept
beating on his head all day, and gradually his brains dried so that
whenever he tried to think, they would rattle and creak like a
wheelbarrow wheel when it hasn't any grease on it. Of course his parents
felt dreadfully, for he couldn't go to school without disturbing
everybody as soon as he began to think about his lessons, and he
couldn't stay home and think without keeping the baby awake.

As I was saying, there was pretty nearly a whole week that I kept out of
trouble; but it didn't last. Boys are born to fly upward like the sparks
that trouble, and yesterday I was "up to mischief again," as Sue said,
though I never had the least idea of doing any mischief. How should an
innocent boy, who might easily have been an orphan had things happened
in that way, know all about cooking and chemistry and such, I should
like to know.

It was really Sue's fault. Nothing would do but she must give a party,
and of course she must have ice-cream. Now the ice-cream that our
cake-shop man makes isn't good enough for her, so she got father to buy
an ice-cream freezer, and said she would make the ice-cream herself. I
was to help her, and she sent me to the store to order some salt. I
asked her what she wanted of salt, and she said that you couldn't freeze
ice-cream without plenty of salt, and that it was almost as necessary as

I went to the store and ordered the salt, and then had a game or two of
ball with the boys, and didn't get home till late in the afternoon.
There was Sue freezing the ice-cream, and suffering dreadfully, so she
said. She had to go and dress right away, and told me to keep turning
the ice-cream freezer, till it froze and don't run off and leave me to
do everything again you good-for-nothing boy I wonder how you can do it.

I turned that freezer for ever so long, but nothing would freeze; so I
made up my mind that it wanted more salt. I didn't want to disturb
anybody, so I quietly went into the kitchen and got the salt-cellar, and
emptied it into the ice-cream. It began to freeze right away; but I
tasted it, and it was awfully salt, so I got the jug of golden syrup and
poured about a pint into the ice-cream, and when it was done it was a
beautiful straw-color.


But there was an awful scene when the party tried to eat that ice-cream.
Sue handed it round, and said to everybody, "This is my ice-cream, and
you must be sure to like it." The first one she gave it to was Dr.
Porter. He is dreadfully fond of ice-cream, and he smiled such a big
smile, and said he was sure it was delightful, and took a whole
spoonful. Then he jumped up as if something had bit him, and went out of
the door in two jumps, and we didn't see him again. Then three more men
tasted their ice-cream, and jumped up, and ran after the doctor, and two
girls said, "Oh my!" and held their handkerchiefs over their faces, and
turned just as pale. And then everybody else put their ice-cream down on
the table, and said thank you they guessed they wouldn't take any. The
party was regularly spoiled, and when I tasted the ice-cream I didn't
wonder. It was worse than the best kind of strong medicine.

Sue was in a dreadful state of mind, and when the party had gone
home--all but one man, who lay under the apple-tree all night and
groaned like he was dying, only we thought it was cats--she made me tell
her all about the salt and the golden syrup. She wouldn't believe that I
had tried to do my best, and didn't mean any harm. Father took her part,
and said I ought to eat some of the ice-cream, since I made it; but I
said I'd rather go up stairs with him. So I went.

Some of these days people will begin to understand that they are just
wasting and throwing away a boy who always tries to do his best, and
perhaps they'll be sorry when it is too late.

[Illustration: OUR POST-OFFICE BOX.]

At the end of its second volume, HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE counts its little
friends in every quarter of the globe. The promises made by its
conductors a year ago have been amply fulfilled. The paper has grown
steadily better, fuller, brighter, and stronger, and its weekly arrival
is hailed by thousands of children and youth with eager delight.

Our Post-office Box numbers among its contributors correspondents from
all parts of the United States and Canada, and from Europe, Asia,
Australia, and the islands of the Pacific. Wherever there is an
English-speaking community or colony, there our paper finds a welcome,
and from thence come evidences of interest in Our Post-office Box. The
pictures of child-life drawn by little fingers are very refreshing to
older eyes. We see that there is a great deal of youthful happiness in
the world, as the children write freely about their studies, their pets,
and their pastimes. We aim to make the Post-office Box educational, and
stimulating to intelligent inquiry, and we try to answer questions,
impart useful information, and enter into the children's plans for
improvement and recreation. We shall hereafter give enlarged space to
the letters, and in the new column C. Y. P. R. U. the Postmistress will
endeavor to be in entire sympathy with the older as well as the younger
readers of YOUNG PEOPLE. She intends in this department to include
extracts from favorite authors, and stories from English classics, told
briefly, from time to time, in her own way. Not only the little folks,
but the older sisters and brothers, will have their cozy niche, whenever
they wish it, in this informal column.

The exchange department will be conducted, as heretofore, as fairly,
attentively, and promptly as possible. Its primary object is to afford
young people an opportunity to exchange instructive and interesting
articles with each other. It ought to be an adjunct to their studying of
geography, history, and natural science. We request that exchangers will
write their names and addresses as plainly as they can in every case,
that they will always correspond with each other by postal cards before
sending their valuable stamps or other treasures, and that in writing to
us they will condense their offers and consult brevity, so that we may
be able to print a great many of their letters in each issue.

We intend to make the puzzle department more attractive than ever.

Now, little readers and larger ones, since you write to us so warmly in
our praise, since you enjoy the stories, the sketches, the poems, and
the whole weekly feast the beautiful paper brings to you, will you not
recommend it to others? Tell all your friends how much pleasure and
benefit you derive from it, and see whether you can not increase its
circulation. The more subscribers YOUNG PEOPLE shall have, the better
will the publishers be able to make it, and the more tempting will be
the attractions it will offer through autumn days, winter evenings,
spring sunshine, and summer leisure, for busy young people, all the year

       *       *       *       *       *


     My cousin made me a Christmas present of this paper, and I like it
     very much. I think "The Cruise of the 'Ghost'" and "Paul Grayson"
     are very nice stories, and I wish Jimmy Brown would write another
     story soon. Mr. Otis's stories are very nice. I have a cunning
     little ram that plays with me, and I have named him "Frisky." My
     sister has a little turtle or terrapin which is only a little
     larger than a fifty-cent piece. A friend of mine has a large goat
     named Billy, and a little sulky in which he rides around. Will you
     tell me if scrap-books are acceptable for Young People's Cot in St.
     Mary's Hospital, New York?

  JOHN P. H.

We think the ladies who take care of the little sick children in St.
Mary's Hospital can find use for pretty scrap-books.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Papa brings HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE home to me every Friday evening.
     I have now one hundred and one numbers. I think the old cat
     watching the mice play base-ball is very funny, but the water-melon
     turning out to be a little black baby is just as funny. I like
     YOUNG PEOPLE very much. Papa says I look just like the stuck-up boy
     in No. 76; but mamma says I am like the little boy talking to the
     old candy woman in No. 76. When I come to think about it, I think I
     am apt to be around where the old candy women are, and maybe this
     is why papa calls me _stuck up_.

     My head is red, just like mamma's. I have three little sisters,
     named Bessie, May, and Louise, and they all have red heads too. We
     used to have a pair of little sorrel ponies just the color of our
     heads, and papa called all of us--mamma, ponies, and children--his
     sorrel-tops; and sometimes, when we went out driving, papa wanted
     to borrow a little black-haired girl from some of the neighbors, to
     relieve the monotony. (This is what he called it.)

     If ever I come to New York, the first thing I want to do is to call
     and see the editor of YOUNG PEOPLE and the ladies and gentlemen who
     help him get up so many nice, funny things.


       *       *       *       *       *


     Our school commenced two weeks ago Monday, and I was so glad! I
     just love to study, and especially to have good lessons. My sister
     and I went to a museum several weeks ago, and among the many
     curious things we saw was Queen Anne's cat. It was indigo-color,
     with brown spots on it, and looked as if it would like to tear you
     to pieces; and there was also the earless white cat, which had a
     tuft of hair in place of ears. It did not look very savage. There
     was the mermaid, which had the body of a fish, and something which
     resembled the head of a monkey. I had many beautiful flowers this
     summer. I tried to raise some cotton, but did not succeed very
     well. It did not ripen at all. I picked off the oldest ball there
     was on the bush, and it was as green as grass. I would like to
     exchange flower seeds for Florida beans or sea-beans, also for
     foreign stamps, or sea-moss, or seeds for seeds, or will exchange
     postmarks for flower seeds.

  MOLLIE, P. O. Box 575, Kokomo, Ind.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I thought I would write to you to tell you about the funeral
     procession for President Garfield at Cincinnati. The banners were
     very pretty. The men on horses, and the little boys who were
     dressed in red pants and white waists, also looked very pretty. It
     was very sad to see the houses draped with black. All the business
     houses were closed, and the city was more quiet than if it had been
     Sunday. I hope President Arthur will be as good a President as Mr.
     Garfield was. I have not seen much about Mr. Garfield in Our
     Post-office Box. I go to school right across the road from my home.
     I think my letter is long enough.


You were interested in the article in No. 102 on the boyhood of
President Garfield, were you not? If more of our children had written
about him, we would have had more letters to print; but we think
everybody's heart was almost too full to write during the weary weeks
before his death.

       *       *       *       *       *


     As I have been taking your paper for a long time and have never
     written you a letter, I thought I would. I go to a military school,
     and attend drill every evening. Across from our school are several
     Indian mounds, and the boys opened one of them lately, and found
     several Indian arrows and other implements of war. I am sixteen
     years old, and a printer. Kindest regards for HARPER'S YOUNG
     PEOPLE, and hoping it may prosper, I remain,

  C. C.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Some time ago one of your correspondents wrote a very interesting
     letter in answer to your inquiry about Florida sea-beans.

     I send you some specimens gathered on the Atlantic beach, not very
     far from where the ill-fated steamer _City of Vera Cruz_ went down
     last August. But these do not grow on trees; they are the product
     of a vine, something like that of the common horse-bean. There are
     vines from this variety now growing on Indian River, though they
     are not indigenous. I have heard they grow in abundance on the
     Spanish main.

     Mr. Bennett, of Syracuse, New York, presented me with some
     implements and a work on taxidermy, and I have learned to skin
     birds. Are ivory-billed woodpeckers numerous in the North?

     I value my paper, and I know Mr. James Otis must Be a good man by
     what he writes.


You and the others who followed the fortunes of the little runaway with
so much interest will be pleased to hear that Mr. James Otis has gone to
Florida in a little steam-yacht named _Toby Tyler_ after his hero.
Doubtless some account of his trip will be published in YOUNG PEOPLE.

Many thanks for the sea-beans.

The ivory-billed woodpecker is chiefly an inhabitant of the extreme
Southern States, and especially those which border on the Gulf of
Mexico. Very few are ever found north of Virginia. It is not a migratory
bird, but is a resident where it is found. Mr. Audubon did meet one or
two of the species so far north as Maryland, but they seemed away from
home. West of the Lower Mississippi, it is found in all the dense
forests, but the Carolinas, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, and
Mississippi are its favorite resorts. It bores a hole in the trunk of a
live tree, early in the spring, for its nest, always at a great height
from the ground. The male and female birds relieve each other in this
work. The eggs are four or five in number, pure white, equally thick at
both ends, and as large as pullets' eggs. The food of this woodpecker
consists of beetles, larvæ, and large grubs, and it has a great fondness
for wild grapes and ripe persimmons.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I have taken YOUNG PEOPLE since the first number, and now I have a
     favor to ask. Will you not please give us a story on natural
     history? We have had some splendid stories; but I like "The Cruise
     of the 'Ghost'" the best of all, though "Tim and Tip" is very good.

     I have a splendid large dog. He is an Irish setter, and his name is
     Spray. I wish some of the little writers to YOUNG PEOPLE could see
     him when I come down stairs in the morning. He is so pleased he
     growls as if he were trying to talk. He puts his head on one side,
     and looks so funny and wise. We have a very nice museum here, with
     a great many interesting things to be seen.


We expect to publish a number of articles on different branches of
natural history during the year, and though they may not be precisely
stories, they will be equally as entertaining.

       *       *       *       *       *

     I am thirteen years old, and have two little nephews, one ten days
     old, and the other two years. I have been spending the summer in
     the southern part of Michigan, and had a splendid time. We got up a
     fairy play to play warm moonlight nights. I was Thumbergia, Queen
     of the Elves, and we called ourselves moonlight fairies. It was
     great fun. I used to sit up in a tree, and read Jimmy Brown's
     stories. I wish he would write some more. I think he is splendid,
     and wish I knew him. I am very fond of little boys from four to
     five years old. I had four little four-year-olds this summer who
     liked to race so much that every morning I would have them stand in
     a line, and when I would count three they would all start, and run
     as fast as their little legs would carry them. One of them would
     talk all the time, and another was very slow, but all were very
     cunning. They are the only pets I have.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little girl five years old. My father is Postmaster, and he
     has taken HARPER'S WEEKLY twenty-four years, and YOUNG PEOPLE ever
     since its publication. The pictures have always pleased us.

     My grandma is writing this for me, as I have to print my letters,
     and as she is seventy-eight, you will please excuse mistakes.

     Little Spry, our dog, is a great favorite of mine. My uncle went to
     Europe, and left him in my care. I have a great many chickens, and
     two cats. Papa has five horses, and my sister can ride upon them
     when she is home from school; I dare not. We have a variety of
     fruit, which is so nice. Cortland Valley is beautiful, and I am
     glad it is my home. The grand old maple-trees surround our house.

     Now please print my letter, so that I can hear it read when the
     paper comes next time, and I will play on the piano for joy.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I was eleven years old the 6th of last month (September, 1881).
     Papa got the first volume of YOUNG PEOPLE bound for my birthday
     present. I would not exchange it for any book I ever saw. I like
     all the stories. I think if Jimmy Brown would spend more time in
     writing to the Post-office Box, his father would not have to call
     him up stairs so often, and I wish he would take my advice and try
     it. I am glad Tim and Tip have got away from that brute, Captain
     Pratt. Papa thinks the boys will lose their dinner if they don't
     get something better than a rope to hang their kettle on. When Tip
     kills a bear, I hope they will send it to HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE, so
     you can put a picture of it in the paper. I did not mean to write
     so long a letter.


       *       *       *       *       *


     We have some very large ducks--they are as large as some geese--and
     we have a pair of young turkeys. I have some carrier-pigeons. I
     like the story of "Tim and Tip." I had two kittens, and they
     followed us to church one night, and afterward we heard that some
     boys set a dog on them, hurting one so badly that it died. Was it
     not a shame? When the boys found out to whom the kittens belonged,
     they were very sorry, and brought the other one home.

     Mr. Editor, if you ever come up this way, I would like you to call
     in and see my pigeons. I wish all the boys and girls everywhere
     could take YOUNG PEOPLE.


We would be glad to see those pigeons, and we appreciate your kind
invitation. But it is not often we can venture very far away from our
corner here, where the mails bring us so many letters from young people.
Have you ever sent your birds with messages tied around their necks, and
have they brought the answers safely back?

       *       *       *       *       *


     I have already sent one letter to Our Post-office Box, and now I am
     going to write again. I live in a very small town; I don't think
     that I would like to live in a large city. I have been taking YOUNG
     PEOPLE for two years, and I hope to continue doing so as long as it
     shall be printed. I receive my paper every Thursday morning. I
     would like to exchange patterns of crocheted edging with some
     little girl. Why don't Jimmy Brown write oftener? It is pleasant to
     laugh at his troubles.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I spent some charming weeks this summer at the Rawley Springs,
     where I drank the pure mineral water, climbed the hills, and took
     long rides on my black pony Selim. Now I am again at home, and
     mother says she expects such a healthy hearty girl will make great

     One peculiarity about our girls would strike the New York girls as
     queer. It is their names. You see, in Virginia we are very proud of
     the old families, and care a great deal for good blood. So when
     there are not enough boys to have the family names, the girls have
     to wear them, and we often have Parker and Randolph and Tucker and
     Talbot and Gary among the girls as Christian names. But the names
     do not spoil the girls, nor make them unfeminine. Mother says
     Virginia is not ashamed of her daughters, for they are so womanly.
     I hope to learn to be a good housekeeper as well as a good scholar.
     I do not have very much time, but I help to give out flour and eggs
     to the cook, I often attend to the parlors, and I am learning how
     to cut and make my own dresses. One of the girls in my class says
     she means to be a missionary when she grows up, and thinks she will
     go to China, as she read a book she liked very much, called
     _Fourteen Months in Canton_. Do you think we gain much by reading
     books of travels?

     Why do all who write to Our Post-office Box tell how old they are?
     I do not mean to tell my age, for I do not think it makes much
     difference to strangers whether I am twelve or sixteen.


Nobody is compelled to tell his or her age. We have lately seen an
allusion to the retaining of family names, to which you refer, in a
story of Virginia life. Books of travel are not only interesting, but
very instructive. They help you to a clearer comprehension of your
history and geography, and give you a sort of picture-gallery of the
world you live in. The other day we were reading about Dean Stanley's
childhood, and we found that his mother was in the habit of studying
with her children. She would select a period, and then group around it
all the pleasant and entertaining facts she could find, studying not
only its history, but looking into the homes of the people who lived at
the time, and making study like a panorama.

       *       *       *       *       *

Hardly had the number of HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE containing the stories of
Kate Shelley and Charlie White gone to press, when we received the
following letter, written by a boy in Minnesota to his uncle in New
York. That the letter was not intended to be printed makes it all the
more valuable. Willie Sammis (who is only twelve years old) writes about
his every-day affairs; and then, between an account of his school life
and a complaint about the wet weather, he tells us that he _saved a
boy's life_. Like all true heroes, Willie is modest. You will remember
what the old man says who tells the story of Charlie White's bravery:

  "And this, I think, is the children's way; _they_ never mind praise
     or gain."

No; but praise will be freely bestowed, for such brave deeds are not so
common that we can regard them without enthusiasm; and as for gain, the
unselfish spirit that prompts such actions is in itself a possession
beyond all price.

With these few words of introduction, to which we must add our thanks to
Willie's uncle for kindly placing the letter at our disposal, we will
let the young hero speak for himself:


     DEAR UNCLE JOHN,--I thank you very much for the HARPER'S YOUNG
     PEOPLE. I think the stories are so nice. Please ask Fred to send my
     coin in a letter. Will you forgive me for not writing to you, but I
     have so much to do, and my school, that I can't find time. I like
     the city very much, and I have got acquainted. I like school very
     much. My teacher's name is Miss P. I like her very much. All the
     teachers are ladies. I have eight lessons, and that takes up all of
     my time. I have two pairs of pigeons.

     We sail boats here all the time. One Saturday afternoon a lot of us
     boys went to a pond near by to sail our boats, and there was a raft
     on it, and we had a nice time until the last time, when we sailed
     three on it. It went on all right until we got into the middle,
     when the old thing tipped over, and we all went head first into the
     pond. We all had boots on, and I was the only one that could swim.
     I saved one of the boys, but the other got hold of the raft before
     I could help him. It does nothing but rain and rain here. You can't
     go a block without getting stuck in the mud. It is getting late
     now, so I must stop. Love to all. Your nephew,


       *       *       *       *       *

CONSTANT READER.--Harper & Brothers will send _Toby Tyler_ by mail on
receipt of $1.

       *       *       *       *       *

Miss A. Davidson, 143 East Thirty-second Street, New York city, would
like to receive old storybooks and papers from readers of YOUNG PEOPLE
for a poor crippled girl who sells papers for her living.

       *       *       *       *       *

JAVA.--Javanese postage stamps are of no value here except to
collectors. We think it likely that you can purchase a banker's draft on
a New York or London bank, either of which would be negotiable here.

       *       *       *       *       *

C. Y. P. R. U.


     Will the Postmistress tell a few boys and girls who have started a
     club, which meets every Friday evening, something nice to do? We
     would like to do something besides play. We would like to have
     badges. What kind do you think would be the best, and what color?


You have not told me whether or not you have selected a name for the
club. If you have not done so, you might call it the Opal. The
peculiarity of the opal is that it presents a play of delicate tints.
There are precious opals, which emit a brilliant light; and fire opals,
which shine with a red and yellow flame; and common opals, which are
simply milk white. All are lovely. For a badge, each member might wear a
bit of red ribbon, with the letter O embroidered upon it in yellow silk,
and the members of the club might be styled "Opalescents." There is no
advantage in belonging to a club unless your being thus united shall
make you better, kinder, and more helpful, as young people, than you
would otherwise be. So, Miss Flossie, your question what to do at club
meetings is a very important one. Certainly you would grow tired of
meeting if you did nothing but play. I think it would be pleasant to
have one evening in the month--the first Friday, if you please--devoted
to a musical and literary entertainment. You might arrange the programme
beforehand, and then, when the evening arrived, Sue and Mollie would be
prepared with their duet, Hugh would have his violin solo, Louise her
song, and Harry his piano accompaniment, all ready for your
entertainment. John, who declaims well, might learn and recite "How Kate
Shelley Crossed the Bridge," one of the beautiful poems by Miss Mary A.
Barr which appeared in No. 102. To vary the order, you might
occasionally have tableaux or charades; and if the club could not get
these up successfully without assistance, you could press your mothers
and sisters into the service.

For the other evenings I would suggest that you try the game of authors,
confining yourselves to one author an evening, instead of playing it the
way it comes in boxes. On your Dickens evening you might select three or
four characters from one novel, as, for instance, in _Dombey and Son_,
Florence Dombey, Little Paul, Miss Cornelia, and Susan Nipper. Ascertain
all you can about each of these persons, and tell it in your own words.
Perhaps you do not feel quite old enough to enjoy Dickens. If so, take
Mrs. Whitney or Miss Alcott, select one of the books of either, and read
extracts from it. But I advise you to try Dickens, not _Dombey and Son_
in particular, but select any of his works you choose. _David
Copperfield_ is a great favorite with me.

Another charming thing for you to do would be to spend some evenings in
travelling. Bring your maps and geographies to your place of assembling.
Start from Detroit in a straight line, and see how many towns you can
touch, how many rivers you can cross, how many miles you must journey,
before you can arrive at any point in the Old World which you may

I shall keep your club in mind, and when I think of anything I imagine
you would like to do, I'll give you a hint in this column. Meanwhile be
sure and send me word about the name.

       *       *       *       *       *

BOTANIST.--Your questions about the herbarium are pertinent. In
collecting plants it is not necessary that all the plants should be in
flower, but when possible the whole plant, including the root, should be
taken. With large plants it is customary to select portions which shall
represent the whole--young shoots, buds, flowers, and fruit. When your
specimens are thoroughly dried, they may be rendered safe from insect
depredations by sprinkling them with an alcoholic solution of corrosive
sublimate, and keeping them between papers until it is dry. Place one
species only on a sheet, with full particulars as to genus, locality,
and interesting associations connected with its discovery. Keep your
sheets in large portfolios or in a cabinet, as you prefer, but guard
against dust.

       *       *       *       *       *

A mother, for her children's entertainment, combined in a poetic form
the words assigned for sentence-making in No. 99. The Postmistress
thinks them worth publication:


  I "abdicate" my crown to thee,
    My bright and noble boy;
  "Bequeath" the glories I had "planned"
    To bring thee light and joy.
  Oh, let no false and dark "design"
    "Encroach" thy wide domain.
  But prayerfully "foresee" the ill,
    And make thy footsteps plain.
  Then shall a "glory" from the sky,
    Fair "hero," fall on thee,
  And weapons in "impassioned" hands
    Ne'er place in "jeopardy"
  The noble "King" that I have crowned
    With "laurel" and with gold,
  But blessings from the good and great
    My darling boy infold.

       *       *       *       *       *

We direct the attention of the C. Y. P. R. U. to Mrs. Herrick's
illustrated article, entitled "A Flowerless Flour Garden," which will be
found intensely interesting; also to a short article called "A Little
Orphan," and to a descriptive account of the Game of Cricket.

       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.


Across.--1. An attendant upon persons of rank or wealth. 2. Wears in a
river. 3. To soar. 4. To ask. 5. A bribe. 6. An abbreviation. 7. A
termination. 8. A letter.

Down.--1. Interfering. 2. Fastening with a clasp. 3. Turkish coins. 4. A
county. 5. Dry. 6. Before. 7. Ourselves. 8. A letter.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 2.


  I am a celebrated edifice composed of 21 letters.
  My 16, 19, 12, 3 is a bird.
  My 4, 18, 8 is color.
  My 10, 14, 17, 19, 21, 6, 11, 20 is customary.
  My 15, 2, 8, 7, 1 is a box.
  My 13, 5, 9 is to set down.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 3.


  In scolding, not in chiding.
  In holding, not in gliding.
  In using, not in wasting.
  In tarrying, not in hasting.
  In trying, not in failing.
  In blushing, not in paling.
  In earning, not in buying.
  In doing, not in crying.
  In owning, not in spending.
  In borrowing, not in lending.
  In roving, not in stopping.
  My whole a phrase often dropping
  From your mother's lips, my dear,
  At this season of the year.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 4.


  'Tis pleasant to enjoy my first
    When wintry winds blow chill;
  And though your home be e'er so small,
    My second's smaller still.
  There's one thing may be understood
    By every romping boy--
  Whenever he becomes my whole
    My first he can't enjoy.


       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.

  A B R A H A M
  B R A C E S
  R A C E R
  A C E S
  H E R
  A S

No. 2.

  R O B I N
  O P I N E
  B I T E S
  I N E R T
  N E S T S

No. 3.


No. 4.

      L           A R M
    L E T       A R B O R
  L E M O N   A R B U T U S
    T O M       M O T E T
      N           R U T

       *       *       *       *       *

Correct answers to puzzles have been received from Claudia, F. Knight
Durham, "Prince," William B. Hadley, Elsie, Alice Amy, C. B., Margaret
M., David C., William A. Lewis, and "North Star."

       *       *       *       *       *

[_For Exchanges, see third page of cover._]

NEW WIGGLE, No. 22.]

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, October 25, 1881 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.