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Title: Nine Thousand Miles On A Pullman Train - An Account of a Tour of Railroad Conductors From - Philadelphia to the Pacific Coast an Return
Author: Shaw, Milton
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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(This file was produced from images generously made


                      [Illustration: Yours truly,

                               MM Shaw]



                          Nine Thousand Miles
                          On A Pullman Train

                              AN ACCOUNT
                                 OF A
                      Tour of Railroad Conductors

                           FROM PHILADELPHIA
                                TO THE
                       PACIFIC COAST AND RETURN

                             By M. M. SHAW

                             PHILADELPHIA
             ALLEN, LANE & SCOTT, PRINTERS AND PUBLISHERS
                      Nos. 1211-13 Clover Street
                                 1898

       Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1898,
                            BY M. M. SHAW,
      In the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

                      TO THE TRUE AND LOYAL WOMEN
                             OF OUR PARTY,
                 THE BELOVED AND CHERISHED COMPANIONS
                       OF OUR HEARTHS AND HOMES,
                THIS BOOK IS AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED.



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS.


M. M. Shaw                                                  Frontispiece.

George W. Boyd, Assistant General Passenger Agent,
Pennsylvania Railroad                                         Face page 6

Broad Street Station, Philadelphia                                  “  12

A Pullman Dining Car                                                “  16

C. E. Wyman, Chairman of the Committee                              “  18

A Pullman Sleeping Car                                              “  22

Sang Hollow on the Conemaugh, Pennsylvania Railroad                 “  28

At Effingham, Illinois                                              “  34

Leaving Longview Junction, Texas                                    “  34

At Fort Worth, Texas                                                “  36

O. H. Bacon, Conductor Texas and Pacific Railway                    “  38

A Group at Van Horn, Texas                                          “  40

Tom McDonald and Fred Beach                                         “  40

Myrtle Taylor on a Bronco                                           “  42

Residence of Jacob Hand, Sierra Blanca, Texas                       “  42

Flooded District, Alfalfa, Texas                                    “  52

Wrecked by Train Robbers on Southern Pacific Railway                “  52

William J. Maxwell, of the Committee                                “  56

Col. Si Ryan                                                        “  60

Arizona Landscape                                                   “  66

“Yuma Bill,” Indian Chief at Yuma, over 100 years old               “  66

The California Poppy                                                “  68

A Cluster of Navel Oranges, California                              “  72

Winter in Southern California                                       “  74

Brookside Avenue, Redlands, California                              “  76

San Gabriel Mission, California                                     “  78

Giant Palms on the road to San Gabriel                              “  78

An Avenue in Pasadena, California                                   “  80

Great Cable Incline, Mt. Lowe Railway                               “  82

Echo Mountain House and Car on the 48 Per Cent. Grade,
Mt. Lowe Railway                                                    “  84

Mt. Lowe Railway, California                                        “  86

Circular Bridge, Mt. Lowe Railway, California                       “  88

Ye Alpine Tavern, Mt. Lowe, California                              “  90

T. S. C. Lowe                                                       “  92

George W. Brown, of the Committee                                   “  98

New Cliff House and Seal Rocks, San Francisco, Cal.                “  102

Parapet, Sutro Heights, San Francisco, Cal.                        “  104

John H. Reagan, of the Committee      Face page 112

Hercules’ Pillars, Columbia River, Oregon                          “  120

The Columbia River                                                 “  124

J. P. O’Brien, Superintendent Rail Lines, Oregon Railroad
and Navigation Company                                             “  126

Mt. Adams, Washington                                              “  128

Mt. St. Helens, from Portland, Oregon                              “  128

Multnomah Falls, Oregon                                            “  130

Along the Columbia River                                           “  132

C Street, Tacoma, Washington                                       “  134

Bridge, Point Defiance Park, Tacoma, Washington                    “  134

Latourelle Falls, Oregon                                           “  136

The Hobo Passenger                                                 “  138

Crossing Columbia River on the Tacoma”                             “  138

Elevator A, Tacoma, Washington                                     “  140

Shore of Lake Pend d’Oreille at Hope, Idaho                        “  140

Spokane Falls, Spokane, Washington                                 “  142

Spokane, Washington                                                “  142

W. B. Hale, Conductor Northern Pacific Railway                     “  144

“Dan,” Salt Lake City Railroad Station, Utah                       “  154

Grave of Brigham Young, Salt Lake City, Utah                       “  154

The Mormon Temple and Square, Salt Lake City, Utah                 “  160

Chas. E. Hooper, of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad             “  166

Bathing Pool at Glenwood Springs, Colorado                         “  168

In the Pool at Glenwood Springs                                    “  168

Waiter W. Terry, of the Committee                                  “  174

Colonel and Mrs. Mitchell at Marshall Pass                         “  178

The “Committee” at Marshall Pass                                   “  178

The Royal Gorge and the Hanging Bridge, Grand Cañon
of the Arkansas                                                    “  182

Ascent of Pike’s Peak by Manitou and Pike’s Peak Railroad
(cog wheel)                                                        “  184

Gateway to the Garden of the Gods, Colorado; Pike’s
Peak in the Distance                                               “  186

On Pike’s Peak--Altitude, 14,147 feet                              “  188

Bride and Groom at Balance Rock, Garden of the Gods,
Colorado                                                           “  190

Manitou Springs, Colorado                                          “  192

Bachelors and Burros in the Garden of the Gods                     “  196

Who are we? Who are we? P. P. C.! Cooks, Waiters,
and Porters of the O. R. C.!”                                      “  202

The “232.” McCook, Nebraska                                        “  202



INTRODUCTION.


The writer is not sure that this work will give satisfaction to his many
friends who have asked for it; the experience of one is not the
experience of all, and many incidents will be remembered, undoubtedly,
by different members of the party that are not mentioned in these pages,
from the fact that they are unknown to the narrator, not having come
under his observation. The difficulty lies in producing an account of
our trip from personal notes that will meet the expectation of all. The
chief object of this book is to furnish interesting information relative
to the party’s whereabouts from day to day, giving the names of many
kind friends who did so much toward making our journey an interesting
and happy one, and who will ever be remembered with feelings of the
highest regard by each member of the party. The writer has no apology to
offer to critics. Geographical inaccuracies and grammatical
inconsistencies can either be accepted or overlooked, at the pleasure of
the reader, whom the author hopes will be charitable enough to believe
that he believes what he has written, whether it is true or not.

Shortly after the meeting of the twenty-fifth session of the Grand
Division of the Order of Railway Conductors at Atlanta, Ga., in May,
1895, a few of the Pennsylvania Railroad conductors running into Broad
Street Station, Philadelphia, got together and started a movement toward
the organization of a party to visit the twenty-sixth session, in Los
Angeles, Cal., in May, 1897. Mr. Chas. E. Wyman was chosen president and
manager and Mr. Wm. J. Maxwell secretary and treasurer of the club. It
was known as the _Pennsylvania Railroad Conductors’ Excursion_. Meetings
were held from time to time to complete the organization, formulate
plans, and perfect arrangements, and George H. Holgate, Esq., president
of the Association of American Inventors, kindly gave the use of his
large, comfortable office in the Betz Building, on Broad Street,
Philadelphia, for this purpose. A friend of Manager Wyman designed an
unique and handsome card, which was submitted to Stephen Greene, Esq.,
who lithographed and printed several thousand and generously presented
them to the excursion. The committee called at the clothing
establishment of Wanamaker & Brown, Sixth and Market Streets, to
purchase tourist caps for use of the party on the trip, and were
liberally provided with all they wanted, free of cost, by the kind and
generous members of the firm. The officials of the Pennsylvania Railroad
looked with favor upon the scheme, and it was largely due to their
kindly efforts and influence that the excursion was such a grand
success. Mr. George W. Boyd, Assistant General Passenger Agent,
interested himself greatly in our trip, and under his direction the
Tourist Department outlined and arranged the itinerary, which was
printed in neat form and presented to the party by Allen, Lane & Scott.
This itinerary is published in these pages in its original form, and
while the route was adhered to it will be noticed we ran about three
days late, delayed by a washout east of El Paso.

Many of the illustrations in this book were prepared from photographs
taken by members of the party, also from photographs kindly presented to
the author by Prof. T. S. C. Lowe. We are also indebted to the Oregon
Railroad and Navigation Company, Northern Pacific Railway Company, and
Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Company for illustrations of scenery
along their lines.

Our treatment by officers of the Pullman Company was extremely
satisfactory, their generosity being highly appreciated. To one and all
of these gentlemen who so kindly contributed toward our happiness and
pleasure the Pennsylvania Railroad Conductors’ Excursion gives, through
the writer, a rousing vote of thanks.

M. M. S.

[Illustration: GEO. W. BOYD, ASSISTANT GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT,
PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD COMPANY.]


                   DETAILED TIME-TABLE AND CONDENSED

                               ITINERARY

                                OF THE

                PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD CONDUCTORS’ TOUR
                          TO THE GOLDEN GATE.


 Miles             SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1897.
 from
Philad’a.         Via Pennsylvania Railroad.
        Lv. Philadelphia, Pa.      (_Eastern time_)   10.30 A.M.
 354    Ar. Pittsburgh, Pa.               “          8.15 P.M.
         “  Pittsburgh, Pa.        (_Central time_)    7.15   “
                   Via Pennsylvania Lines.
        Lv. Pittsburgh, Pa.               “          7.30   “


                     SUNDAY, MAY 9, 1897.

                   Via Pennsylvania Lines.
 728    Ar. Indianapolis, Ind.     (_Central time_)    7.00 A.M.
                      Via Vandalia Line.
        Lv. Indianapolis, Ind.            “          7.10   “
 968    Ar. St. Louis, Mo.                “          1.40 P.M.
          Via St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Railway.
        Lv. St. Louis, Mo.         (_Central time_)    8.15   “


                     MONDAY, MAY 10, 1897.

          Via St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Railway.
1313    Ar. Little Rock, Ark.      (_Central time_)    7.10 A. M.
1458     “  Texarkana, Tex.               “         12.35 P.M.
                  Via Texas & Pacific Railway.
        Lv. Texarkana, Tex.               “          1.05   “
1711    Ar. Fort Worth, Tex.              “          9.24   “


                     TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1897.

                  Via Texas & Pacific Railway.
2326    Ar. El Paso, Tex.          (_Central time_)    9.25   “
       (At El Paso Central time changes to Pacific time,
                       two hours slower.)

                       WEDNESDAY, MAY 12, 1897.

                    Via Southern Pacific Company.

        Lv. El Paso, Tex.            (_Pacific time_) 8.00 A.M.
2414    Ar. Deming, N. M.                         “       11.00   “
2638     “  Tucson, N. M.                         “        7.00 P.M.


                       THURSDAY, MAY 13, 1897.

                    Via Southern Pacific Company.

3008    Ar. Indio, Cal.                 (_Pacific time_) 7.00 A.M.
3138     “  Los Angeles, Cal.                   “       12.00 NOON.
            Train to be sidetracked for occupancy.


                       MONDAY, MAY 17, 1897.

                    Via Southern Pacific Company.
3138    Lv. Los Angeles, Cal.           (_Pacific time_)  2.00 P.M.


                       TUESDAY, MAY 18, 1897.

                    Via Southern Pacific Company.
3585    Ar. San Francisco, Cal.         (_Pacific time_) 10.00 A.M.


                       THURSDAY, MAY 20, 1897.

                    Via Southern Pacific Company.
        Lv. San Francisco, Cal.         (_Pacific time_)  7.00 P.M.


                       SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1897.

                    Via Southern Pacific Company.
4357    Ar. Portland, Ore.              (_Pacific time_)  7.00 A.M.
            Train to be sidetracked for occupancy.


                        SUNDAY, MAY 23, 1897.

                    Via Northern Pacific Railway.
        Lv. Portland, Ore.              (_Pacific time_)  8.45 A.M.
4501    Ar. Tacoma, Wash.                       “         2.00 P.M.
            Train to be sidetracked for occupancy.
        Lv. Tacoma, Wash.                       “        10.30   “
              (At Hope Pacific time changes to Mountain time,
                           one hour faster.)
                      Stop at Spokane two hours.


                        TUESDAY, MAY 25, 1897.

                    Via Northern Pacific Railway.
5283    Ar. Helena, Mont.               (_Mountain time_) 7.00 A.M.

                     Via Great Northern Railway.

        Lv. Helena, Mont.          (_Mountain time_) 12.00 NOON.
5355    Ar. Butte, Mont.                   “          3.00 P.M.
            Train to be sidetracked for occupancy.
                Via Montana Union Railway.
        Lv. Butte, Mont.                   “         10.00   “
5362    Ar. Silver Bow, Mont.              “         10.20   “
                     Via Oregon Short Line Railroad.
        Lv. Silver Bow, Mont.      (_Mountain time_) 10.30   “


                  WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 1897.

                Via Ogden Short Line Railroad.
5752    Ar. Ogden, Utah            (_Mountain time_) 11.00 A.M.
                Via Rio Grande Western Railway.
        Lv. Ogden, Utah            (_Mountain time_) 11.00   “
5789    Ar. Salt Lake City, Utah           “         12.00 NOON.
            Train to be sidetracked for occupancy.


                  THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1897.

                Via Rio Grande Western Railway.
        Lv. Salt Lake City, Utah    (_Mountain time_) 9.00 P.M.


                   FRIDAY, MAY 28, 1897.

6080    Ar. Grand Junction, Col.    (_Mountain time_)  8.30 A.M.
                Via Denver & Rio Grande Railroad.
        Lv. Grand Junction, Col.    (_Mountain time_)  9.00   “
6169    Ar. Glenwood Springs, Col.          “         12.00 NOON.
        Lv. Glenwood Springs, Col.          “          2.00 P.M.
        Ar. Minturn, Col.                   “          4.10   “
         “  Leadville, Col.                 “          6.00   “
        Lv. Leadville, Col.                 “          6.40   “
6319    Ar. Salida, Col.                    “          8.30   “


                  SATURDAY, MAY 29, 1897.

                Via Denver & Rio Grande Railroad.
                  By D. & R. G. special train.
        Lv. Salida, Col.            (_Mountain time_)  8.00 A.M.
        Ar. Marshall Pass, Col.             “          9.40   “
        Lv. Marshall Pass, Col.             “         10.20   “
6369    Ar. Salida, Col.                    “         12.00 NOON.
        Lv. Salida, Col.                    “          1.00 P.M.
        Ar. Royal Gorge, Col.               “          2.45   “
6511     “  Colorado Springs, Col.          “          6.00   “
            Train to be sidetracked for occupancy.


                        SUNDAY, MAY 30, 1897.

                   At Colorado Springs and Manitou.


                       MONDAY, MAY 31, 1897.

                  Via Denver & Rio Grande Railroad.
        Lv. Colorado Springs, Col.   (_Mountain time_)  2.00 A.M.
6586    Ar. Denver, Col.                     “          6.00   “
            Train to be sidetracked for occupancy.


                       TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1897.


                      WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2, 1897.

                            At Denver.


                       THURSDAY, JUNE 3, 1897.

                        Via Burlington Route.
        Lv. Denver, Col.             (_Mountain time_) 12.01 A.M.
            (At McCook, Neb., Mountain time changes to Central
                      time, one hour faster.)
        Ar. Lincoln, Neb.             (_Central time_)  3.05   “
7124     “  Omaha, Neb.                      “          5.00 P.M.
        Lv. Omaha, Neb.                      “          6.30   “


                        FRIDAY, JUNE 4, 1897.

                        Via Burlington Route.
7632    Ar. Chicago, Ill.             (_Central time_) 9.15 A.M.
                       Via Pennsylvania Lines.
        Lv. Chicago, Ill.                    “         5.40 P.M.


                       SATURDAY, JUNE 5, 1897.

                       Via Pennsylvania Lines.
8100    Ar. Pittsburg, Pa.            (_Central time_) 6.10 A.M.
         “  Pittsburg, Pa.            (_Eastern time_) 7.10   “
                      Via Pennsylvania Railroad.
        Lv. Pittsburg, Pa.                   “         7.15   “
8454     “  Philadelphia, Pa.                “         4.20 P.M.



LIST OF PASSENGERS.


  MR. G. W. BROWN           Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. G. W. BROWN                “
  MR. P. J. BARRETT         Bristol, Pa.
  MISS ANNA S. BARRETT            “
  MR. J. N. CLIMENSON       Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. J. N. CLIMENSON            “
  MR. I. M. COHEE                 “
  MRS. I. M. COHEE                “
  MR. J. B. CRISPEN         Renovo, Pa.
  MR. JAMES DOUGHERTY       Trenton, N.J.
  MRS. J. DOUGHERTY               “
  MR. T. J. DENNISTON       Jersey City, N. J.
  MR. G. W. DALE            Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. G. W. DALE                 “
  MR. R. T. ELDER                 “
  MRS. R. T. ELDER                “
  MR. R. J. FOULON                “
  MRS. R. J. FOULON               “
  MR. C. E. FOSTER                “
  MRS. C. E. FOSTER               “
  MR. J. W. GOFF            Camden, N. J.
  MRS. J. W. GOFF                 “
  MR. T. B. GILLILAND       Harrisburg, Pa.
  MRS. T. B. GILLILAND            “
  MR. M. M. HOUSTON         Norristown, Pa.
  MRS. M. M. HOUSTON              “
  MR. W. A. HAAS            Allegheny City, Pa.
  MR. H. R. HAEFNER         Columbia, Pa.
  MRS. H. R. HAEFNER              “
  MR. S. W. HORNER          Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. S. W. HORNER               “
  MR. S. N. KILGORE               “
  MRS. S. N. KILGORE              “
  MR. T. J. MCKERNAN        Jersey City, N. J.
  MRS. T. J. MCKERNAN             “
  MR. E. A. KALKMAN         Baltimore, Md.
  MRS. E. A. KALKMAN              “
  MR. HUGH LEARY            Norristown, Pa.
  MRS. HUGH LEARY                 “
  MR. J. T. LAYFIELD        Wilmington, Del.
  MRS. J. T. LAYFIELD             “
  MR. J. M. MATTHEWS        Norristown, Pa.
  MRS. J. M. MATTHEWS             “
  MR. W. J. MAXWELL         Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. W. J. MAXWELL              “
  MR. J. H. MOORE           Manasquan, N. J.
  MRS. J. H. MOORE                “
  MR. C. J. MCCARTY         Columbia, Pa.
  MR. C. R. MATTSON, M.D.   Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. C. R. MATTSON              “
  MR. W. H. MORRIS          Wilmington, Del.
  MRS. W. H. MORRIS               “
  MR. ROLAND MITCHELL       Baltimore, Md.
  MRS. ROLAND MITCHELL            “
  MR. W. H. POST            Philadelphia, Pa.
  MISS ELLA L. POST               “
  MR. J. A. REILLY                “
  MRS. J. A. REILLY               “
  MR. J. H. REAGAN                “
  MR. J. J. RESTEIN         Delmar, Del.
  MR. C. L. SPRINGER        Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. C. L. SPRINGER             “
  MR. L. E. SHEPPARD        Camden, N. J.
  MRS. L. E. SHEPPARD             “
  MR. M. M. SHAW            West Chester, Pa.
  MRS. M. M. SHAW                 “
  MR. C. H. SLOANE          Philadelphia, Pa.
  MR. J. G. SCHULER         Pittsburgh, Pa.
  MR. C. F. SMITH           York, Pa.
  MRS. C. F. SMITH                “
  MR. D. R. SPARKS          Camden, N. J.
  MRS. D. R. SPARKS               “
  MR. W. W. TERRY           Philadelphia, Pa.
  MRS. W. W. TERRY                “
  MR. H. H. TAYLOR          Trenton, N. J.
  MR. C. E. WADDINGTON      Philadelphia, Pa.
  MR. OSCAR WILLIAMS              “
  MR. C. E. WYMAN           Moores, Pa.
  MRS. C. E. WYMAN                “
  MR. H. L. WILSON          Glassboro, N. J.
  MRS. H. L. WILSON               “

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

    C. E. WYMAN, _President and Manager_.
          WM. J. MAXWELL, _Secretary and Treasurer_.

      GEORGE W. BROWN,        JOHN H. REAGAN,
                  WALTER W. TERRY.

[Illustration: BROAD STREET STATION, PHILADELPHIA.]



PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD CONDUCTORS’ EXCURSION TO CALIFORNIA.


SATURDAY, MAY 8th, 1897.

The hands on the large clock that denotes the standard time in the great
corridor of Broad Street Station, Philadelphia, point to the hour 10 A.
M.; an unusual commotion is noticed in the mammoth train shed, which in
any hour of the day or night is filled with trains loading and
discharging their cargoes of human freight, ever presenting a scene of
hustling, bustling activity. The unusual commotion referred to is caused
by the departure of the _Pennsylvania Railroad Conductors’ Excursion to
California_. Fully one thousand friends and relatives have gathered on
the extensive train platform to see them off; thirty minutes of
promiscuous kissing, hugging, tears, smiles, hand shaking, and
good-byes, then “all aboard,” and at 10.30 A. M. the five-car vestibule
train rolls out over the elevated tracks bound for a journey of 9,000
miles. The notebook crank and the kodak fiend are aboard, and it is
hoped that it will not be regretted that they have come. The kodak
fiends are Bros. Ed. Foster, Joe Ristein, and Billy Haas, who succeed in
getting some very good snaps at the train before starting, and the Lord
only knows what else was snapped at, for the snapping was kept up almost
continually for the next thirty-one days. The notebook crank is the
writer, who, with the ever-present notebook in hand, starts in after the
train starts to make an inventory of the outfit.

The first person encountered is the good-looking and gentlemanly train
conductor, W. E. Bostick, who volunteers the information that the train
is running as second No. 25 over the Philadelphia Division, Philadelphia
to Harrisburg; that it gives him great pleasure to run the train, for he
considers it a mark of honor. We are drawn by P. R. R. engine No. 31, in
charge of Engineer J. Stroh, and fired by C. B. Lewis. Next to the
engine is parlor combined car No. 4808, with baggage end loaded with
sixty-two pieces of baggage, two barrels, and thirty-two cases of
nourishment, in charge of George H. Anderson, the colored janitor of the
conductors’ room in Broad Street Station, Philadelphia, who, because of
his well-known character for faithfulness, honesty, and good nature, is
taken along, and placed in the responsible position of baggage master
and general cork extractor. The smoking end of the car is furnished with
twelve movable parlor chairs and two tables, and the floor is covered
with Brussels carpet. The Pullman dining car “Lafayette,” in charge of
Dining-car Conductor Mr. Tom McDonald, comes next.

Introducing myself to Mr. McDonald, I find him a very agreeable
gentleman, who kindly gives me what information I want, also a bill of
fare. The latter makes my mouth water in anticipation of what I may
expect when the dinner hour arrives. This is what with keen appreciation
and fast increasing appetite I read:--


          ORDER OF RAILWAY CONDUCTORS’ SPECIAL.

          _EN ROUTE_ TO LOS ANGELES AND RETURN.

               PULLMAN DINING CAR SERVICE.

                     May 8th, 1897.


                        DINNER.

        OX JOINTS.                      CONSOMME.
               CUCUMBERS.           OLIVES.
        BOILED HALIBUT.                EGG SAUCE.
                   PARISIENNE POTATOES.
    BOILED LEG OF MUTTON.                CAPER SAUCE.
        APPLE FRITTERS.               WINE SAUCE.
                    PRIME ROAST BEEF.
ROAST LONG ISLAND SPRING DUCK.               APPLE SAUCE.
       MASHED POTATOES.       BOILED NEW POTATOES.
    BOILED ONIONS.       BEETS.       NEW GREEN PEAS.
               TOMATO SALAD AU MAYONNAISE.
        BREAD PUDDING.              COGNAC SAUCE.
            ICE CREAM.      PRESERVED FRUITS.
ASSORTED CAKE.         MARMALADE.      DRY CANTON GINGER.
       ENGLISH AND GRAHAM WAFERS.           FRUIT.
    ROQUEFORT AND EDAM CHEESE.        BENT’S BISCUIT.
                       CAFÉ NOIR.

“Mr. McDonald,” says I, “I do not doubt your ability to feed us as per
bill of promise, but I am curious to know where you keep all this
material and how you prepare it for the table?” “It is easily explained;
I will show you,” is the reply. “Built here in this end of the car is a
large cupboard refrigerator in which can be stored a large amount of
stuff, underneath the car are two large ice chests in which can be
placed several hundred pounds of meat, and on top of the car you will
find a large tank containing many gallons of water. In the other end of
the car you will find the kitchen, where the victuals are prepared, and
the sideboard containing the dishes and other ware belonging to the
dining car. If it were necessary to do so, we could stock this car with
material enough at one time to last a party of one hundred persons one
week; but ordinarily we lay in but a limited amount, as provisions or
other material is furnished as needed from the Pullman supply stations
_en route_, thus we can always have it good and fresh.”

“You seem to have lots of help,” I remarked, as I noticed nine or ten
neat, gentlemanly-looking mulattoes in their snow-white coats and aprons
bustling about the car.

“Yes, I am pleased to say that you can expect excellent service from the
cooks and waiters in this car. Mr. Martin and Mr. Bostwick, of the
Pullman palace car service, have kindly furnished me with men of which
it can be said there are no better in the service.” “Can you give me
their names?” “Certainly; the cooks are: _Chief_, R. W. Moore;
_assistants_, H. F. Robinson, T. Allen, F. L. Litt; _waiters_, W. Hill,
A. Beard, O. Fisher, C. Coleman, C. Jackson. We have ten tables in the
car, each table seats four, which enables us to accommodate forty
persons at a time. Each waiter has been assigned his place, knows just
what he has to do, and while there may at times be a little delay in
filling orders, there is never any confusion.”

“There is another thing,” continues Mr. McDonald, “which no doubt you
will notice, and that is our strict adherence to the law of cleanliness.
If there is one rule of the dining-car service more imperative than
another, it is the one that declares that everything must be clean. The
coats and aprons of the waiters must be pure and spotless as an angel’s
robe, napkins and table linen must

[Illustration: A PULLMAN DINING CAR.]

never be used the second time, no matter how little soiled. This is a
rule that at all times must be rigidly enforced, and it would cost me my
situation to allow it to be violated.”

Thanking Mr. McDonald for his kind information, I turn my back on the
“Lafayette” for the time being, entirely convinced that a first-class
fully-equipped dining car is the greatest wonder that ever went on
wheels.

Next to the “Lafayette” I find the sleeper “Marco.” I also find as I
emerge from the narrow passageway, which is an unavoidable nuisance in
all Pullman cars, the genial, good-natured, and good-looking
sleeping-car conductor, Miles H. Suter, who has charge of the three
Pullman sleepers that are on the train.

“Mr. Suter,” I said, “the Pullman people have given us a fine train.”

“Yes,” he replied. “There are no more substantial or more comfortable
cars in the Pullman service than these. In one of them a person can ride
many hundreds of miles and not become fatigued. You will find the motion
of these cars very agreeable and easy. They were selected for this trip
because of this admirable qualification, and as far as ease and comfort
goes I predict for your party a very pleasant tour. Another thing,”
continued Mr. Suter, “I have already noticed, which will contribute much
to your comfort, and which is lacking in most excursion parties, is that
you have plenty of room, and so are not crowded. The gentlemen who have
arranged the excursion deserve a great deal of credit for the excellent
judgment they have exercised in not having too many or too few, but just
enough. There are no vacancies and no one is crowded. It was also wise
to have no children along, for little folks often need attention that
cannot be given them on a journey of this kind, and their mothers need
rest instead of the worriment that comes from having the care of little
ones on their hands.”

“Mr. Suter,” I remarked, as a genteel colored man in a neat uniform come
through the car, “it must be a very laborious task when night comes for
one man to convert all these seats into beds, and in the morning change
them back again.”

“Yes, it seems like a great deal of work, but an experienced porter will
soon make the change. I have three good men, one to each car, and you
have only to watch Dennis Jackson in the ‘Marco,’ Dick Pettus in the
‘Milton,’ or George Custis in the ‘Orchis,’ making up the berths, to be
convinced that by a man who understands the business the work is more
quickly and easily accomplished than one would suppose possible.
Everything must be kept clean and tidy, pillow-cases and sheets changed
daily, and towels used but once. Every time a towel is used a clean one
takes its place. Cleanliness is an important rule in the Pullman
service, and we are obliged to strictly enforce it.”

Thanking Mr. Suter for his kind information I turn my attention to the
occupants of the car. State room A is occupied by Conductors Suter and
McDonald.

Section 1 by Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Horner. Brother Horner is a member of
West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the New York
Division. Mrs. Horner is a member of Erickson Division No. 5, L. A.

Section 2 by Colonel and Mrs. John T. Layfield. Brother Layfield is
secretary and treasurer of Wilmington Division No. 224, and a conductor
on the Delaware

[Illustration: C. E. WYMAN, CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE.]

Division; he served on the staff of Governor Benjamin Biggs of Delaware
several years ago, thus earning the title of colonel.

Section 3 by Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Shaw. Brother Shaw is P. C. C. of West
Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the Central Division.

Section 4 by Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Wyman. Brother Wyman is a member of
Wilmington Division No. 224, and a conductor on the Maryland Division;
he is president and manager of the excursion and has worked to make it a
success.

Section 5 by Mr. and Mrs. John A Reilly. Brother Reilly is a member of
West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the Maryland
Division. Mrs. Reilly is a member of Erickson Division No. 5, L. A.

Section 6 by Mr. and Mrs. William J. Maxwell. Brother Maxwell is a
member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the New
York Division; he is secretary and treasurer of 162, also of the
excursion, and works hard in the interest of the same. Mrs. Maxwell is a
member of Erickson Division No. 5, L. A.

Section 7 by Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Springer. Brother Springer is a
member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the
Philadelphia Division. Mrs. Springer is a member of Erickson Division
No. 5, L. A.

Section 8 by Mr. and Mrs. George W. Brown. Brother Brown is A. C. C. and
a trustee of West Philadelphia Division No. 162; he is a member of the
excursion executive committee, and has the welfare of the party at
heart. Mrs. Brown is a member and president of Erickson Division No. 5,
L. A.

Section 9 by Mr. and Mrs. George W. Dale. Brother Dale is a member of
West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the New York
Division.

Section 10 by Mr. and Mrs. Walter W. Terry. Brother Terry is a conductor
on the New York Division, and a member and trustee of West Philadelphia
Division No. 162; he is a member of the excursion executive committee,
the heavyweight of the party, whose herculean strength and sound
judgment can always be relied upon.

Section 11 by Mr. and Mrs. James M. Matthews. Brother Matthews is a
member and a P. C. C. Conductor of West Philadelphia Division No. 162,
and a conductor on the Schuylkill Division.

Section 12 by Brothers John H. Reagan and Charles J. McCarty. Brother
Reagan is a member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a
conductor on the Maryland Division; he is a member of the excursion
executive committee, and is keenly alive to all that pertains to the
welfare and pleasure of the party. Brother McCarty is a member of
Susquehanna Division No. 331, and a conductor on the Frederick Division.
Brothers Reagan and McCarty enjoy the freedom of bachelorship, and are
general favorites with the ladies.

Drawing room 13 is occupied by Colonel and Mrs. Mitchell. Brother
Mitchell is a member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a
conductor on the Maryland Division; he is well known as a genial,
good-hearted fellow, and was given the title of “Colonel” several years
ago by his associates because of his entertaining and hospitable
disposition.

Leaving the “Marco” with its happy occupants, whose comforts will be
looked after by the polite and attentive porter, Dennis Jackson, I
passed through the vestibule into the next car, “Milton,” which I found
similar in almost every respect to the “Marco.” Meeting the porter,
stalwart, good-natured Dick Pettus, I informed him that I had visited
the “Milton” in order to obtain the position and names of the occupants.

“I’m not much acquainted with anybody yet,” replied Dick, “but don’t
think I’ll have any trouble, as everybody seems to be all right and
happy.”

“Yes,” I answered, as I took a glance at the occupants of the car, “you
will find them all first rate people, and all right in the daytime, but
be careful and keep the doors locked and your eye on them at night, for
there are two or three in this car who are afflicted with somnambulism,
and they might walk off the train or get into the wrong berth while in
such a condition.” “Good Lord,” was Dick’s reply as he vanished into the
toilet room. I find the state room in the “Milton” reserved for a
hospital. It is hoped it will not be needed for such a purpose.

Section 1 is occupied by Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Goff. Brother Goff is a
member of Camden Division No. 170, and a conductor on the West Jersey
and Seashore Division.

Section 2 by Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Wilson. Brother Wilson is a member of
Camden Division No. 170, and a conductor on the West Jersey and Seashore
Division.

Section 3 by Mr. and Mrs. Thomas B. Gilliland. Brother Gilliland is a
member of Dauphin Division No. 143, and a conductor on the Middle
Division. Mrs. Gilliland is a member of Keystone Division No. 47, L. A.

Section 4 by Mr. and Mrs. L. E. Sheppard. Brother Sheppard is a member
of Camden Division No. 170, and a yardmaster on the Amboy Division.
Mrs. Sheppard is a member of Erickson Division No. 5, L. A.

Section 5 by Mr. and Mrs. S. N. Kilgore. Brother Kilgore is a member of
West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the Philadelphia
Division.

Section 6, Mr. and Mrs. D. R. Sparks. Brother Sparks is a member of
Camden Division No. 170, and a conductor on the West Jersey Division.

Section 7 by Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Kalkman. Brother Kalkman is a member of
Capitol Division No. 378, and a conductor on the Maryland Division.

Section 8 by Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Morris. Brother Morris is a member of
Wilmington Division No. 224, and a conductor on the Maryland Division.

Section 9 by Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Foster. Brother Foster is a member of
West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the Maryland
Division.

Section 10 by Mr. and Mrs. I. M. Cohee. Brother Cohee is a member of
Wilmington Division No. 224, and a conductor on the Maryland Division.

Section 11 by Mr. and Mrs. James Dougherty. Brother Dougherty is a
member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the New
York Division.

Section 12 by Mr. and Mrs. James H. Moore. Brother Moore is a member of
West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the New York
Division.

Drawing room by Doctor and Mrs. C. E. Mattson. Brother Mattson is a
member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the
Maryland Division; he is a graduate of Jefferson Medical College, and
has quite an extensive practice, to which he devotes his time when not
engaged in his duties on the road.

[Illustration: A PULLMAN SLEEPING CAR.]

Brother Mattson has kindly consented to give the party his professional
care while on the trip, if needed, but it is earnestly hoped that there
will be but a very few occasions for an exercise of his professional
skill and that his labors in this direction will be light.

Entering the “Orchis,” the fifth and last car on the train, I found the
polite and obliging porter, George Custis, busily engaged in the duties
pertaining to his position. His passengers all looked comfortable and
George looked happy.

“George, do you like fun?” I quietly asked as he passed near me to
deposit a huge telescope valise in the state room. “Yes, sir; somewhat,”
he replied, with a questioning look in his eye. “You will have a circus
on your hands, my boy, or I fail to read the combination,” I added, as
he emerged from the state room. I had glanced down the line as I entered
the car and noticed among the occupants some well-known characters for
fun and frolic, and conclude there is a picnic in store for the porter
and passengers of the sleeper “Orchis.”

Turning now to the business that brought me to the “Orchis,” I find that
the state room is occupied by Messrs. Charles Sloane and William Haas.
Brother Sloane is a member of Quaker City Division No. 204, and a
conductor on the Philadelphia Division; he is the _Nimrod_ of the party,
and has come equipped with fishing tackle and rifle. He is well
acquainted with some of the best hunting grounds in the West, and is
familiar with the haunts and habits of bear and deer. Brother Haas is a
member of R. B. Hawkins Division No. 114, and a conductor on West Penn
Division; he has a kodak with which he expects to secure some
interesting views. Brothers Sloane and Haas enjoy the privileges and
liberties of single-blessedness, but are not averse to the society of
ladies.

Section 1 by Messrs. Joseph Schuler and John B. Crispen. Brother Schuler
is a member of R. B. Hawkins Division No. 114, and a conductor on the
Pittsburgh Division. Brother Crispen is secretary and treasurer of
Renovo Division No. 333, and a conductor on the Middle Division,
Philadelphia and Erie Railroad. He is a bachelor, young in years, and
inclined to be shy in the presence of the ladies.

Section 2 by Messrs. T. J. Denniston and J. J. Restein. Brother
Denniston is a member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a
conductor on the New York Division; he is a bachelor, arrived at the
years of discretion, cautious and modest in his habits, an excellent
conversationalist, whose companionship is appreciated and enjoyed by
all. Brother Restein is a member of Wilmington Division No. 224, and a
conductor on the New York, Philadelphia and Norfolk Railroad. He keeps
his kodak always handy, for it is his purpose to try to obtain some of
the best views of incidents and scenery on the trip.

Section 3 by Mr. and Mrs. Robert T. Elder. Brother Elder is a member of
West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the New York
Division.

Section 4 by Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Leary. Brother Leary is a member of West
Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the Schuylkill
Division; he has been but a few days married, and both bride and groom
receive the congratulation of many friends in being so fortunate as to
be able to take such an enjoyable wedding tour. May sunshine, health,
and happiness be ever theirs.

Section 5 by Mr. P. J. Barrett and his sister, Miss Anna S. Barrett.
Brother Barrett is a member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a
conductor on the New York Division. Being a single man, he had no wife
to accompany him, but he did the next best thing and brought his sister,
a commendable act that redounds to Brother Barrett’s credit. A man that
is good to his sister will be good to a wife. Mark it!

Section 6, Mr. William H. Post and daughter, Miss Ella L. Post. Brother
Post is a member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor
on the New York Division. Mrs. Post being unable, on account of ill
health, to accompany the excursion, permitted her daughter to take her
place, a privilege the young lady highly appreciates and enjoys.

Section 7, Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Climenson. Brother Climenson is a member
of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the
Philadelphia Division.

Section 8, Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Foulon. Brother Foulon is a member and P.
C. C. of Quaker City Division No. 204, and a conductor on the
Philadelphia Division.

Section 9, Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Haefner. Brother Haefner is C. C. of
Susquehanna Division No. 331, and a conductor on the Philadelphia
Division.

Section 10, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Smith. Brother Smith is a member of
Susquehanna Division No. 331, and a conductor on the Frederick Division.

Section 11, Mr. and Mrs. T. J. McKernan. Brother McKernan is a member of
Neptune Division No. 169, and assistant passenger yardmaster at Jersey
City.

Section 12, Mr. and Mrs. M. Houston. Brother Houston is S. C. of West
Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the Schuylkill
Division. Mrs. Houston is a member of Erickson Division No. 5, L. A.

Drawing room, Messrs. C. E. Waddington, O. Williams, and H. H. Taylor.
Brother Waddington is C. C. of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a
conductor on the New York Division; Brother Williams is a member of West
Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a conductor on the Maryland Division;
Brother Taylor is a member of West Philadelphia Division No. 162, and a
conductor on the New York Division. Brothers Waddington and Williams are
unmarried, but it is not known for how long. We can only wait and see.

On the rear platform stood Brakeman T. M. Tobin, who was selected by
Trainmaster Simms to accompany Conductor Bostick as flagman because of
his well-known adherence to the rules that govern this important
position. We are spinning along at about a fifty mile per hour rate of
speed, and have passed through some of the finest farming country in the
world. A “fleeting view” is all we get, but one glance is sufficient to
show us fine, substantial buildings and fences in good repair and men
busily engaged in preparing the soil for the reception of seed.

We have passed the city of Lancaster and are nearing Harrisburg. Dinner
has been announced, and I retrace my steps to the dining car to find the
tables filled. Although hungry I console myself with the thought that
“there are others, lots of others,” and that in my misery I had lots of
company. In the meantime I avail myself of the opportunity of
ascertaining who our guests are, as a number of gentlemen accompanied
us from Philadelphia.

Glancing up the line of tables, I see Trainmasters Frank Carlisle of the
Maryland, James G. Ruth of the Central, Walter B. Gormley of the
Schuylkill, and Rees L. Hannum of the Delaware Extension and Kensington
Divisions; Yardmasters L. H. Smith, Kensington, and Anthony Hughes,
Fifteenth and Washington Avenue, and George Stults, assistant secretary
of West Philadelphia Division No. 162. They seem to be having a good
time, and are all bravely battling with Jersey mutton and Long Island
spring duck.

In the centre of one of the tables is a magnificent bouquet of choice
flowers, presented to the party in Philadelphia by Messrs. Myers &
Lautman, florists, of Wyndmoor, Chestnut Hill. It is much admired by all
for its beauty and fragrance. As the tables became vacant they were
rapidly filled up by those in waiting, and it was not long until the
entire party had partaken of a dinner that was admitted by all to be
hard to beat, and a credit to Conductor McDonald and his competent and
obliging help.

At 1.22 P. M. we arrived at Harrisburg, where a short stop of eight
minutes was made in changing engines. We bid adieu to our guests,
receiving from them many congratulations and compliments as to our
outfit and prospects, and best wishes for a happy trip and safe return.
The jovial trainmaster of the Central Division, as he bade us goodbye,
said: “You people could not travel in better form or fare better if you
were a party of millionaires. I am sure you will have a good time.”

Whole-souled, big-hearted Frank Carlisle heaved a great sigh as he
shook hands with Manager Wyman and Colonel Mitchell, and with a tear in
his eye murmured, “Boys, I wish I could go with you.” Walt Gormley and
George Stults turned their backs on the crowd to hide their emotion as
“all aboard” rang out, and the last seen of “Tony” Hughes he was
struggling in the grasp of Lew Smith and Rees Hannum, who had to hold
him to prevent him from boarding the now fast-receding train, they
knowing full well that business at Fifteenth and Washington Avenue would
suffer did they not take “Tony” back with them.

It was just 1.30 P. M. when we left Harrisburg, drawn by P. R. R. engine
No. 32, handled by Engineer John Ficks and fired by Jesse Reynolds.
Conductor A. W. Black had charge of the train from Harrisburg to
Altoona, with Flagman J. S. Wagner and Brakeman A. Gable. W. Brooke
Moore, trainmaster of the Middle Division, was a guest on the train from
Harrisburg to Altoona. We arrived at Altoona 4.50 P. M. and left at 4.57
P. M. with P. R. R. engine No. 867, Engineer F. W. Masterson, Fireman E.
W. Pugh, Conductor W. B. Chislett, Flagman Frank Bollinger, Brakemen
John Cline and C. D. Chamberlain. As guests we had C. W. Culp,
trainmaster Pittsburgh Division, and D. M. Perine, assistant master
mechanic, of Altoona, who accompanied the party to Pittsburgh.

Six miles west of Altoona we reach Kittanning Point and circle round the
famous Horseshoe Curve. From this point a magnificent view of Alleghany
Mountain scenery can be seen. Nine miles further and we reach the
highest elevation on our trip across the Alleghanies and pass Cresson, a
beautiful summer resort, the

[Illustration: SANG HOLLOW ON THE CONEMAUGH.]

location of the noted “Mountain House,” whose marvelous reputation for
rates and rations attracts the _bon-ton_ patronage of the world.

We now enter the Conemaugh country and note its picturesque hills and
mountain ridges, among which winds and wriggles the historic Conemaugh
River, which at present seems but little more than a harmless, babbling
brook; but when the rains fall and the snows melt, and this sparkling
little creek receives the waters from a hundred hills, it becomes a very
demon in its resistless fury. For eight miles we have followed this
stream and part company with it as we pass through the city of
Johnstown. Johnstown will ever remember the Conemaugh River, flowing as
it does through the very centre of the city. It is a constant menace to
the tranquillity and security of the people, and in yonder hillside
cemetery two thousand glistening tombstones bear sad and silent
testimony to the awful horrors of a Conemaugh flood.

It has grown dark and we are approaching Pittsburgh. A stop is made at
East Liberty, and a delegation of brothers from R. B. Hawkins Division
No. 114 of Pittsburgh get aboard and accompany us into Pittsburgh. The
visitors kindly present each one of our party with a bouquet of roses.
We arrive at Pittsburgh 8.12 P. M. and stop for eighteen minutes,
leaving at 8.30 (7.30 Central) P. M. Time changes now from Eastern to
Central, which makes us leave at 7.30 instead of 8.30. To some of us
this is rather a perplexing thing, for we are leaving Pittsburgh
forty-two minutes before we arrive there. A number of our party are
setting their watches to Central time, I will allow mine to remain as
it is, and will use Eastern time in my notes in connection with the
Standard time of whatever locality we may be in.

Left Pittsburgh with P. C. C. & St. L. engine No. 183, Engineer A. F.
Winchell, Fireman O. Brown, who runs us to Dennison, Ohio, 93 miles.
Conductor L. E. Schull, Brakemen W. A. Chambers and E. S. Chambers go
with us to Columbus, Ohio, 193 miles. We almost regret that it is night,
for we desire to see the country. At 9.50 (8.50 Central) P. M. we arrive
at Steubenville, 43 miles from Pittsburgh, and stop five minutes for
water.

We are now on the Pittsburgh Division of the Pennsylvania lines,
operated by the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway
Company. The Pittsburgh Division extends from Pittsburgh, Pa., to
Columbus, Ohio, a distance of 193 miles. Most of the party have turned
in and at 11.30 (10.30 Central), just as our train stops at Dennison,
Ohio, I prepare to undertake the novel experiment of trying to get a
night’s sleep in the berth of a Pullman car. It is a new and strange
experience to me, but I go at it to win. There is nobody in sight, but
the presence of a carload of people is felt. The long, narrow aisle of
the car is deserted, but I hesitate to exercise the privilege its
deserted condition would seem to warrant. I desire to undress, but I
wish to hide to do it, and with this end in view I crawl under the
curtains that inclose our berth. As I do so the train starts on its way
again. Mrs. S. has retired some time ago, and I think is asleep. There
is not much room for me, but I determine to make the best of it.
Balancing myself on the edge of the berth, I make a few changes in my
apparel, and come very near being precipitated into the aisle while so
doing by a sudden lurch of the car as the train struck a curve. In
regaining my equilibrium I stepped upon the madam, who quietly inquired
what I was trying to do. “Only coming to bed, my dear,” I answered. “Is
that all,” she replied, “I have been watching you for some time and
thought you either had a fit or else was practicing gymnastics and using
the curtain pole for a horizontal bar.” I made no reply, I didn’t blame
her, and lay down thankful that she was the only witness to the
performance; and ours was not the only circus on the train that night;
“there were others.”


SUNDAY, MAY 9th.

Got up early, after passing rather a restless night; did not sleep very
well; finished dressing just as the train stops at Richmond, Ind., 5.55
(4.55 Central) A. M. Go outside and find it a lovely morning. Several of
the boys are up. Have come 220 miles since I turned in last night as the
train left Dennison, Ohio.

We are now on the Indianapolis Division of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati,
Chicago and St. Louis Railway, which runs from Columbus, Ohio, to
Indianapolis, Ind., a distance of 188 miles. Upon inquiry I learn that
from Dennison to Columbus we had P. C. C. & St. L. engine No. 59,
Engineer Schultz. From Columbus to Indianapolis, P. C. C. & St. L.
engine No. 102, Engineer John Cassell, Fireman W. Mason, Conductor J. E.
Taylor, Brakemen Orvil Hyer and George Farmer. We arrive at Indianapolis
7.45 (6.45 Central) A. M., and leave there at 8.30 (7.30 Central) A. M.
on the Main Line Division of the Vandalia Line, which extends from
Indianapolis to St. Louis, a distance of 240 miles, and is controlled
and operated by the Terre Haute and Indianapolis Railroad Company. T. H.
& I. engine No. 34 is drawing us. It is called the World’s Fair engine,
having been built at Pittsburgh and placed on exhibition at Chicago
during the great exposition. It is a fine, large engine, and Engineer
Fred. Wood, who runs it, says “she is a daisy.” The fireman is G. E.
Hickman; conductor, A. J. Harshman; brakemen, J. G. McMahon and James
Edmunds. Breakfast is announced as we leave Indianapolis, and no second
invitation is required; our appetites are keen, and we thoroughly enjoy
McDonald’s substantial and bountiful breakfast.

We pass through Terre Haute at 10.15 (9.15 Central) A. M., and cross the
Wabash River a short distance west of the city. Ten minutes after
passing through Terre Haute we cross the State line and enter Illinois.
There is a delay of five minutes at Effingham by a hot box on engine 34.
Just after leaving Effingham a stone was thrown by some one and broke an
outside window in car “Milton,” section 4, occupied by Mr. and Mrs. L.
E. Sheppard. A stop of five minutes is made at Greenville to oil and
take water. Three strange men boarded the train at this point and were
not noticed until after it had started, when they claimed they had made
a mistake, thinking it a regular train. The train was stopped to leave
them off. We partook of lunch at 1.15 (12.15 Central) P. M., being
always ready to eat.

It is raining as we approach St. Louis, where we arrive at 2.30 (1.30
Central) P. M. The effects of last Summer’s terrible tornado can plainly
be seen, as we cross the bridge from East St. Louis, in great piles of
_débris_ that have not as yet been cleared away. On account of the rain
the prospect of seeing much of the city is very poor. A trolley ride of
five miles through the city to Forrest Park was taken by a number of our
party. It is too wet to take a walk in the park, and after spending a
half hour in a large pavilion watching the pouring rain we return to the
Union Depot, which we look through and find it to be a large and
magnificent structure, exceeding in size and excelling in grandeur our
own Broad Street Station at Philadelphia. It was built at an expense of
$6,500,000, and covers an area of 424,200 square feet. The train shed
contains thirty tracks, which are used by twenty-two different roads.

Several of us met Conductor W. Fetzer, of the Louisville and Nashville,
and had a pleasant half hour with him. On account of a defective flange,
a pair of new wheels were put under the dining car “Lafayette” this
afternoon. Mrs. Shaw, Mrs. Dale, Mrs. Reilly, and Miss Post are on the
sick list this afternoon. Called to dinner at 8.30 (7.30 Central) P. M.,
after which we were escorted through the magnificent station by
Stationmaster J. J. Coakley and Conductor A. J. Harshman. The station is
lighted with thousands of electric lights of many different hues and
colors. Every light is burning to-night, the second time since the
construction of the station, the first time at its dedication, September
1st, 1894, and this the second time in honor of the visit of the
Pennsylvania Railroad conductors, May 9th, 1897. Our most sincere thanks
are due the kind and courteous stationmaster, J. J. Coakley, for the
favor and honor accorded us. May his shadow never grow less.

An itinerary souvenir of our train over the Iron Mountain Route, Texas
and Pacific and Southern Pacific Railways, from St. Louis to Los
Angeles, via Texarkana and El Paso, was presented to each member of our
party by the Iron Mountain Route management through Mr. Coakley. It is a
neat little affair, much appreciated, and will be highly prized as a
souvenir of our trip.

At 9.15 (8.15 Central) P. M. our train rolled out of the Grand Union
Depot over the Iron Mountain Route, which extends from St. Louis to
Texarkana, a distance of 490 miles. St. L. I. M. & S. engine No. 630 is
drawing us, with Engineer John Hayes at the throttle, Fireman J. E.
Schader, Conductor W. Hall, Brakeman J. L. Thompson, and Baggagemaster
M. Madison. We have this engine and crew to Poplar Bluff, 166 miles,
with the exception of the baggagemaster, who goes through to Texarkana.
There is an inquiry for Brother Reagan; he has not been seen since
leaving St. Louis. Our hearts are filled with consternation and alarm,
for we believe he has been left, and how can we get along without “Jack;
good, jolly, jovial Jack.” Maxwell’s eyes are dimmed with tears of
sorrow, and McCarty is wringing his hands in grief. “Let us stop the
train and return and get him,” suggested Mrs. Kalkman. “I believe he has
been kidnaped,” said Brother Sloane, “or he would never have got left.”
“He’s all right; I found him,” shouted Brother Waddington, as he entered
the car, and there was great rejoicing when it was learned that instead
of being kidnaped and left behind, Brother Reagan was peacefully
sleeping in Brother Waddington’s berth in the drawing room in rear of
the train.

F. B. DeGarmo, trainmaster of St. Louis, Iron Mountain

[Illustration: AT EFFINGHAM, ILLINOIS.]

[Illustration: LEAVING LONGVIEW JUNCTION, TEXAS.]

and Southern Railroad, and his assistant, T. H. Gray, accompanied us
from St. Louis to Poplar Bluff, and Conductor P. Elkins, a member of
DeSoto Division No. 241, got on at DeSoto and went with us to Bismarck.
A large number of our party were gathered in the smoking car and we had
quite an entertainment. Brother Elkins sang a number of songs, and the
cook and waiters, one of them having a banjo, entertained us with songs
and music hard to beat, and most thoroughly enjoyed by all. Conductors
McDonald and Suter and Brother Haas sang excellent songs, and Wyman and
Shaw gave recitations. Our genial train conductor, Capt. W. Hall,
related some interesting stories of the days when this section of the
country was terrorized by the operations and exploits of the Jesse
James’ gang of train robbers. Captain Hall’s train was held up one night
by this daring band of thieves at Gad’s Hill, 120 miles south of St.
Louis. Hall was forced to surrender and remain quiet with the cold
muzzle of a revolver pressed against his temple. An attempt was made to
blow open the safe in the express car, but the robbers became frightened
at their own noise and fled without securing any booty. The evening has
been such a very enjoyable one that midnight approaches unawares;
finding it so late we turn in, having less difficulty in doing so than
we had last night.


MONDAY, MAY 10th.

Got up this morning at 6.30 (5.30 Central) and found our train in charge
of Conductor H. C. Withrow and Engineer A. B. Archibald, with St. L. I.
M. & S. engine No. 375, fired by T. Grifin. Captain Withrow took charge
of the train at Poplar Bluff, with instructions to consume ten hours and
thirty-two minutes in the run to Texarkana, a distance of 325 miles.
Withrow has no brakeman, but is accompanied by a colored porter, J. J.
Norris, who performs the duties of a brakeman. We are now in Arkansas,
having crossed the State line last night at Moark, 185 miles south of
St. Louis. We arrive at Little Rock, Ark., 8.15 (7.15 Central) A. M.,
and make a stop of ten minutes. We alight to look around and very much
admire the “375,” and are informed that it is one of the best engines on
the Iron Mountain Route and the first one built at the company’s new
shops at Baring Cross, Little Rock, Ark. Went to breakfast at 9.10 (8.10
Central), hungry as a hyena.

We cannot help but notice as we journey through Arkansas the advanced
condition of vegetation. Farmers in the East are only preparing their
ground for corn, and here it is up; potatoes are in blossom, and peas
are ready for use. Cotton is grown extensively here, and many acres are
seen with the plants just peeping through the ground. We are now nearing
the southern extremity of the State and approaching Texarkana, where we
arrive at 12.35 (11.35 A. M. Central) P. M., having passed through the
State of Arkansas 305 miles in a slightly southwesterly direction.

A stop of twenty-five minutes is given us at Texarkana, which is on the
line between Arkansas and Texas, one-half of the station being in
Arkansas and the other half in Texas. Brother Wyman, who acts in the
double capacity of manager and clown, has a robe of crazy patchwork
design, a veritable coat of many colors, in which he has arrayed
himself, much to the amusement

[Illustration: AT FORT WORTH, TEXAS.]

of the crowd of natives who have assembled on our arrival. The antics of
Brother Wyman and a number of others who have taken possession of a
bronco and a team of donkeys occasion a great deal of merriment. As we
are about to leave, Mrs. Robert Foulon was presented with a large bunch
of beautiful magnolias by her friend, Mrs. Carmichael, of Texarkana. It
graced the sideboard of the dining car for many days and was much
admired.

Left Texarkana 1.35 (12.35 Central) P. M. on the Texas and Pacific Road,
with T. & P. engine No. 126, Engineer William Gunn, Conductor Joseph
Scully, Brakeman J. C. Smith, who will run us to Longview Junction, 97
miles. E. W. Campbell, trainmaster on the Eastern Division of the Texas
and Pacific, will go with us to Fort Worth, the terminus of his
division, 253 miles. Trainmaster Campbell is a member of Alamo Division
No. 59, of Texarkana. Brother Sloane went to a barber shop in Texarkana
and got left. Trainmaster Campbell left instructions for the conductor
of the following train to carry him to Longview Junction, where he will
overtake us. No “weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth” in this
case, for we are assured of the safety of our brother.

We arrived at Longview Junction on time, 5.22 (4.22 Central) P. M., and
five minutes later the following train, No. 55, arrived and with it came
Brother Sloane, who was given quite a reception, the ladies presenting
him with bouquets of natural grasses and flowers and the “boys” tying a
cord to him and leading him into the train. He has promised not to do it
again.

Our train was attached to No. 55, which is called the “Cannon Ball”
Express, and at 5.35 (4.35 Central) P. M. we left Longview Junction with
a train of nine cars, drawn by T. & P. engine No. 229, in charge of
Engineer E. Smith, fired by S. Jones; Conductor E. R. Woodward, Porter
and Brakeman Bristoe Young, who ran us to Fort Worth, a distance of 156
miles, where we arrive 11.20 (10.20 Central) P. M. Just before reaching
the city we cross the Trinity River.

When we arrive at Fort Worth we learn that there is trouble ahead of us
somewhere, caused by high water, which has a discouraging effect. We
will lay over at this point to-night, with the expectation of learning
more in the morning. There is a heavy thunder storm and it is raining
hard as we turn in at 11.30 (10.30 Central) P. M.


TUESDAY, MAY 11th.

Got up at 6.30 (5.30 Central), and found it raining hard. It cleared up
about eight o’clock and the party started out to see the town, it having
been announced that our train would leave at 12.15 (11.15 A M. Central)
P. M., nothing definite having been learned as to the trouble ahead. Our
party received the best of treatment from the good people of the town,
and many places of interest were visited. Officer H. C. Town, of the
city police, loaded sixteen of the party in a patrol wagon and drove
through the city to the City Hall, where they were kindly received and
shown over the building, from there to the water works, and through the
park to a point where a trolley line took them to the station. It was a
very enjoyable trip. Others of our party visited other places of
interest and had equally as good a time. A

[Illustration:

_Yours in P.F.

O H Bacon

T & P Ry_]

number of souvenirs were procured, the most highly prized being the
Texan sunbonnets, which so fascinated the ladies of our party that they
purchased, it is said, all that were on sale in the city. They are very
unique in style and worn very extensively by the native women of this
locality. Brother Post purchased a Texan sombrero, and all agree that it
is very becoming; the ladies are wearing their sunbonnets; Wyman has his
circus gown and a Texan sunbonnet on; and a photographer is placing his
apparatus in position to take a snap at the train and party before we
leave. With the snap of the camera comes the shout of “all aboard,” and
as we scamper on, the train moves slowly off, and we leave Fort Worth
behind us, but carry away with us pleasant memories of the beauty of the
city and of the kindness and civility of its people.

T. & P. engine No. 188, run by Engineer John Baker and fired by John
Price, draws our train from Fort Worth to Big Springs, a distance of 270
miles. Conductor O. H. Bacon and Brakeman Charles Gunning go with us
from Fort Worth to El Paso, a distance of 616 miles. Division
Superintendent J. B. Paul accompanied us from Fort Worth to Weatherford,
31 miles. Shortly after leaving Weatherford we crossed the Brazos River
and obtained a fine view of the Brazos Mountains. As we passed Eastland,
105 miles west of Fort Worth, we noticed devastation and ruin, the
effect, we were told, of a recent cyclone. A few miles further we reach
Baird and stop ten minutes for orders and water. A little boy about
three years of age attracts the attention of some of our party, who
ascertain that his name is Reynaud Strobe; his mother and grandfather
live at the station; his father, who was an employe of the railroad,
was killed in an accident about a year ago, almost in sight of his home.
Master Reynaud is taken through the train and his little cap is filled
with cake and coin and his infant mind with wonderment and awe. He
cannot understand it, and his baby face expresses the puzzled condition
of his mind. Should he live it is hoped he will remember the
_Pennsylvania Railroad Conductors’ Excursion_.

We have now entered the plains of Texas and at 6.20 (5.20 Central) P. M.
commence to pass through the prairie dog district. Brother Post is at
the throttle; he ran No. 188 for about 50 miles and claims to have
killed two jack rabbits and a prairie dog. Jack rabbits and prairie dogs
are very numerous through this section, and can be seen scampering in
all directions as the train thunders past. We are now nearing Big
Springs, where a stop will be made to change engines. It has become
dark, and we can no longer view the landscape, jack rabbits, and prairie
dogs. We arrive at Big Springs 10.15 (9.15 Central) P. M., and after a
delay of fifteen minutes leave with T. & P. engine No. 75, manned by
Engineer D. C. Everley and Fireman Lewis Lem, whose run extends to El
Paso, 347 miles. We have now entered the Great Staked Plains, and
regretting that the darkness prevents us from seeing this famous
country, we retire for the night at 12.20 (11.20 P. M. Central) A. M.


WEDNESDAY, MAY 12th.

Turned out this morning about the usual time, and found the train
standing at San Martine Station, 174 miles east of El Paso. As we move
on our way again we find we are passing through a picturesque, but
barren

[Illustration: A GROUP AT VAN HORN, TEXAS.]

[Illustration: TOM McDONALD AND FRED BEACH.]

country of plains and mountain ranges. A run of 50 miles from San
Martine brings us to Van Horn, where we make a halt of forty-five
minutes and are entertained by Mrs. M. R. Beach and her son Fred. Mrs.
Beach has charge of the station at Van Horn, which is also a supply
station for the railroad. Fred. is a young man about twenty-five years
old, and a veritable cowboy both in appearance and deportment. He
entertained and amused the party with an exhibition of bronco riding,
and to show his skill in the use of the lasso, chased Brother Wyman and
lassoed him with the bronco at a full run. Miss Myrtle Taylor, a young
lady who is visiting Mrs. Beach, also rode the bronco for the amusement
of the party, but it was noticed that the animal exhibited a far more
gentle spirit under the young lady’s management than it did when in
charge of Fred. A cyclone cellar in the back yard was an object of much
interest, and the interior was explored by several of the party. All the
dwellings, of which there are but few through this region, we are told,
have their cyclone pits. For many miles through this country there are
no habitations except along the line of the railroad, and the people are
all employes of the Texas and Pacific Railroad Company.

Leaving Van Horn, we pass close to the Sierra Blanca Mountain range, and
in a short time stop at Sierra Blanca, where we lay over for half an
hour and devote the time to looking around. Sierra Blanca is 92 miles
southeast of El Paso and is the conjunction of the Texas and Pacific and
Southern Pacific Railroads, which use joint tracks from this point to El
Paso. A number of us visited the adobe residence of Jacob Hand, an aged
miner and prospector, who kindly allowed us to inspect his dwelling,
which is a very unique and novel affair, a part of which is used for a
school, and the old gentleman is the teacher. Mr. Hand generously gave
our party specimens of gold, silver, and copper ore, which are highly
prized as souvenirs. Brother Haas had considerable difficulty in getting
in range of the old gentleman with his kodak, but succeeded by strategy
in getting a “snap” before we left; also one of a group of the party
with the dwelling in the background. In the midst of the group is seen a
Mexican babe held in the arms of one of the ladies of the party, who is
closely watched by the mother of the infant, who fears her babe will be
appropriated for a souvenir.

Leaving Sierra Blanca, we pass in sight and within about 20 miles of
Livermore’s Peak, 8200 feet high, said to be the highest point in Texas.
We have now entered a wild, barren, broken, uninhabited region, hemmed
in by dreary, ominous-looking mountain ranges. As the road traverses
this broken, desolate district, there are places where almost complete
circles are made in order to avoid ridges and ravines. Just after
passing Malone Station, 15 miles from Sierra Blanca, we encounter a
curve, and after following the circle for over a mile, find the tracks
are less than 200 yards apart.

Mrs. Wyman, Mrs. Layfield, Mrs. Shaw, Brother Layfield, and myself rode
on the engine from Finlay to Ft. Hancock, which afforded us a fine view
of the rugged scenery through which we passed. We arrived at washout, 5
miles east of El Paso, at 5.30 (4.30 Central) P. M., and find our train
can proceed no further until the track is repaired, four miles of it at
the present time being under water.

[Illustration: MYRTLE TAYLOR ON A BRONCO.]

[Illustration: RESIDENCE OF JACOB HAND, SIERRA BLANCA, TEXAS.]

Wagons were in waiting to convey the party six miles across a desert
plateau to El Paso at one dollar per head; all but a few took advantage
of this method of reaching the city. The remembrance of this ride will
not fade from the memory in a hurry--six miles of knee-deep, red-hot
desert, dust and sand, through which the horses could scarcely drag
their loads. We have a good view of the flooded district and notice many
buildings surrounded with water, the occupants of which were forced to
flee to higher ground. All this water, we are told, is the result of
melting snows away up in the mountain districts, 75 or 80 miles away.
There is seldom any rain through this region, and the Rio Grande, one
half the year a shallow, insignificant stream, is to-day spread over
many miles of country, causing devastation, ruin, and suffering.

Arriving in the city of El Paso, we are obliged to seek for
accommodations, which causes a separation of our party. The Firemen’s
State Convention is in progress here, and the town is full of visitors.
Ten of us found rooms at the “Grand Central,” some at “Vendome,” and a
number at the “Pierson.” The latter is the most popular place, and an
effort was made to get the entire party quartered there, but it could
not be done. After engaging rooms at the “Grand Central” we went across
the river, which is not overflowed at this point, into the old Mexican
town of Ciudad Juarez, the Paso del Norte of our childhood geographies.

Under the escort of Conductors T. H. Purcell and Charles Allen, of the
Southern Pacific, we were shown much that was of interest. We were
introduced by Captain Purcell to Signor Miguel Ahuamada, the gentlemanly
Governor of the State of Chihuahua, who entertained us very nicely for
half an hour, giving us an international treat, which ceremony consists
of drinks of whatever each member of the party wishes, the guests
forming in a semicircle in front of the Governor, touching glasses with
him as they pass. Captain Purcell at the same time made a speech in the
Mexican language, with which he is thoroughly conversant, having at one
time filled the position of Government Interpreter at this point. Of
course none of us understood a thing that he said, but we felt sure it
was all right from the pleased expression on his Honor’s, face, who
replied in a pleasant manner in his native tongue.

Purcell told us afterward that he had informed the Governor that we were
a party of Americans who had called to do him honor; that we drank to
his health and a long and happy life; that we had the highest regard for
Mexican institutions, believing them to be the best in the world; that
their men were the noblest and their women the most beautiful we had
ever met; that we wore upon our bosoms the colors of the Mexican flag,
which we considered, next to the Stars and Stripes, the most beautiful
banner in the world, and we hoped it would ever wave in triumph and in
peace over an empire that would continue to increase in prosperity and
wealth. No wonder the old man smiled; we would have smiled too had we
understood what was being said. The red, white and green of our tourist
badges had caught his eye and he was pleased. Captain Purcell’s speech
flatters him and he wants to do something to show his appreciation.

Our visit does him great honor, and he desires to reciprocate; had he
time to arrange for a bull fight he could give us much amusement, but
his best bull was killed a short time ago and his matadors are out of
training; but he has a prisoner under the sentence of death, and if we
will return on the morrow he will execute him for our pleasure and
entertainment. Captain Purcell made us acquainted with this proposition,
which we declined with thanks. We had no desire to see the poor fellow
shot, which is their method of administering capital punishment. Bidding
his Honor adieu, we are next escorted through several of the principal
gambling resorts and are much interested in all we see. It is growing
late, and when we return to El Paso and reach our rooms it is midnight.


THURSDAY, MAY 13th.

Arose about 6.30 and found the morning clear and warm. There are many
wonderful, strange, and unusual things in, around, and about El Paso,
but one of the most puzzling and perplexing things is its time.
Traveling westward you arrive on Central time and depart on Pacific, a
difference of two hours, while in the city they use local time, which is
a split between the two. Over the river in Juarez they use Mexican time.
Visited a barber shop for a shave, then a restaurant for breakfast and
got another shave; I was taxed one dollar and twenty cents for breakfast
for two. We didn’t return for dinner.

Those of our party who did not visit Juarez last evening attended the
State Firemen’s ball and banquet under the escort of Colonel Whitmore,
Acting Mayor of El Paso, and Chief J. J. Connors, of the city fire
department, and they all speak in the highest terms of the royal
treatment they received and the grand time they had. The city of El Paso
contains about 12,000 inhabitants, but the population is almost double
that number this week, which gives the town a very lively appearance. We
learn that our train cannot be gotten over the washout to-day, and
arrangements are being made to remain in the city to-night. Engaged a
pleasant room for fifty cents per day at the “Wellington,” corner of
Staunton and Texas Streets, kept by Mrs. Whitmore; quite a number of our
party are stopping here.

Brother Wyman hired a horse to-day and rode in the parade. It is very
hot in the sun. Went over in front of the Court House this afternoon to
see the firemen race. There was quite an exciting time. Brother Haas was
there with his kodak and had a narrow escape from being run over in
trying to get a “snap” at a team as the horses galloped past. Had a
pleasant chat in the evening with Mr. Pettus, an old resident of the
place, who has a furnishing store next to the “Wellington.” He is an
entertaining man and gave some interesting information relative to the
early history and habits of the country and people. I turned in about
eleven o’clock, but can’t speak for them all, for this is an interesting
city.


FRIDAY, MAY 14th.

Turn out this morning about 7.30 and find the weather clear and warm. We
go to a nearby restaurant for breakfast; mutton chops are one of the
items on the bill of fare, and we are pleased, for we are partial to
chops--nice, juicy, tender mutton chops; but these chops do not quite
come up to our idea of what mutton chops should be--not so juicy nor so
tender as we would like; but being hungry we quietly and uncomplainingly
devour what is set before us. “Where do you people in El Paso get your
mutton?” I inquired of the waiter as we arose from the table (for I had
no recollection of seeing a sheep since we entered the State of Texas).
“_Goats_,” was the short but suggestive answer. A little private inquiry
elicited the information that it is a fact that the greater part of the
“mutton” consumed in El Paso is a product of the goatherd. The supply is
apparently inexhaustible, for thousands of those ruminating, odoriferous
quadrupeds can be seen roaming the adjacent plains and plateaus in great
herds, attended by boys and dogs.

Accompanied Manager Wyman to Superintendent Martin’s office, where we
learn “that there is no prospect of getting our train across the washout
this week. The water has fallen but very little, and while we are
working day and night, endeavoring to close the break, our progress is
necessarily slow on account of the action of the high water, and the
work cannot be completed sufficiently to get our train across until the
water recedes. And no one knows,” continued Mr. Martin, “when this will
be, for the water is just as likely to rise as to fall. The weather has
been very hot these last few days and has melted the snow in the
mountains very rapidly, which has caused the high water here. When the
snow is gone the water will fall, so you see it depends upon the supply
of snow, of which we know nothing about. If you wish to continue on your
journey I will send you to Los Angeles by regular train, and when we
succeed in getting your train across will send it on after you.”

Brother Wyman rather favors this proposition, as he desires to reach Los
Angeles before the Grand Division adjourns, but the majority of our
party will not agree to it, preferring to remain with the train and take
their chance with it; so the idea of going ahead by regular train is
abandoned. A party of us procured a four-horse team and went over to the
train to-day, some to remain and others to return. Would have remained
had Mrs. S. been along, for it is a dreadful hot trip of two and
one-half hours across that burning sand.

We found our train sidetracked at Alfalfa, one mile east of the washout,
and had one mile to walk after leaving the wagon. Alfalfa is not a
place--it is only a name. There is a sidetrack here and a post with a
board on it, and on the board is painted in large black letters the word
ALFALFA. That is all. It is a flagstop for accommodation trains, but
there is no station, not even a shed, a platform, nor a plank. The
nearest civilized communities are El Paso, 7 miles away to the west, and
Fort Bliss, the same distance to the north. On the east end of the same
sidetrack where our train lies are a number of cabooses of the Texas and
Pacific construction train, occupied by Mexican families whose husbands
and fathers are working on the repairs at the washout. They are a
squalid, uninviting-looking set, but seem happy and contented with their
lot.

Here and there in the edge of a sandbank can be seen a “dugout,” or,
sheltered in a mesquite thicket, a “shack” occupied by the same
nationality, who with their goats and burros are very pictures of meek
and lowly contentment. These are the surroundings in the midst of which
we are sidetracked. We find our people (those who are with the train)
with smiles upon their faces as they tell us they are “all right” and
are having a good and pleasant time. There must surely be an element or
ingredient in this desert air and atmosphere that breeds contentment and
repose.

Several of the boys went over to the train and back on broncos to-day,
and experienced a hot but exhilarating ride. The party consisted of
Brothers Waddington, Taylor, Matthews, Moore, Mattson, Leary, and Elder,
who all claim that the ride, although a very hot one, was rare sport.
The novel experience of a ride of 14 miles on a fiery, wiry Texan horse
is a feature of their visit to El Paso that will not be forgotten.

Brother Wyman remained at Alfalfa to watch the progress of repairs at
the washout, and I returned in the wagon to El Paso. Dining-car
Conductor McDonald accompanied us; he was looking for a wagon-load of
supplies for his car from El Paso that had not arrived. When about half
way across the plateau we met the team. Mr. McDonald interviewed the
driver to ascertain if his wagon was loaded with what had been ordered
and found everything satisfactory.

As we leave behind us the hot, suffocating desert trail we pass close to
the base of Mt. Franklin, in the shadow of which El Paso lies, and
crossing the railroad tracks of the Fort Bliss Branch we feel a deep
sense of relief as we strike the hard, smooth street that leads us into
the city’s welcome shade and rest.

Learning on our arrival back that the El Paso _Telegraph_, a morning
paper, contained an account of our trip and detention, we procured
several copies and sent them East to friends.

The majority of our party went over to the train this afternoon; those
remaining in town witnessed this evening a grand pyrotechnical
exhibition under the auspices and management of the McGinty Club, a
powerful social and political organization of El Paso. After the parade,
during which there was a fine display of fireworks, the storming of Fort
McGinty took place, which was the leading feature of the occasion. The
fort, built of some light material, was erected on a neighboring hill,
Roman candles and sky rockets were used as weapons by both the storming
party and the defenders, which caused the mock battle to assume a very
realistic appearance.

After the exhibition of fireworks a party of us visited the famous Astor
House, kept by Col. Si Ryan. Si is one of the noted characters of El
Paso. Years ago he was sheriff of three counties in Southern California,
Mono, Inyo, and San Bernardino, and in dealing with the outlaws and
renegades that infested the country at that time he achieved a
reputation for nerve and courage that has never been surpassed, and the
numerous scars upon his person, made by knife and bullet, bear silent
testimony that he never shirked his duty in the face of danger or turned
his back upon a foe. We find the colonel a prince of good fellows, and
after enjoying his company and partaking of his hospitality, we repaired
to the headquarters of the McGinty Club, and with a number of visiting
firemen were royally entertained.

Brother McCarty was with us, and for some unexplained reason he
received special attention; but Charlie is a good fellow and deserves
it, and being a bachelor it is all right. Several of us withdrew from
the meeting before it adjourned, as it was drawing near midnight. We had
spent a long and busy day and were tired. Soon reached my room at “The
Wellington,” and retiring, endeavored to recall the various events of
the day, but rushing water, desert dust, galloping broncos, McGinties,
sky rockets, and smoke got mixed up in inextricable confusion as I lost
consciousness in sleep.


SATURDAY, MAY 15th.

Turned out this morning about seven o’clock and found the weather clear,
with every indication pointing to another hot day. Not feeling very
well, I went out in search of “medicine”; met several of the boys out on
the same errand; our symptoms are similar, and we conclude that the
powder smoke inhaled during the McGinty demonstration is responsible for
our indisposition.

A visit to Superintendent Martin’s office results in the information
that the washout situation remains unchanged. Mr. Martin can give us no
encouragement. Brother Layfield and myself called on Mr. Joseph Sweeney
during the morning and spent a pleasant hour with him. Learning that a
party was being made up to return to the train, Mrs. Wyman, Mrs. Shaw,
and myself join them. The Colonel and Mrs. Layfield desire to go, but
the wagon is already crowded. The sun is intensely hot, and at 9.30 A.
M. we leave El Paso for one more trip across that never-to-be-forgotten
scorching desert plateau. The party consists of nine, including the
driver, in a large transfer coach drawn by two horses. To relieve the
overburdened animals, the men walk part of the way and keep a sharp
lookout for rattlesnakes, for the driver had hinted that we might
encounter some, as they are known to be quite numerous in this locality.
Two large snakes of an unknown species were seen; one glided into a hole
in the side of the bank of a deep arroyo, and we did not go to look for
him; the other was discovered lying quietly behind a large sage bush by
one of the “boys,” who silently imparted the information to the rest.

We gathered around, and looking where he pointed, saw a portion of his
snakeship’s form through a small opening in the bush. “Think it would be
safe to shoot at him?” whispered the discoverer of the snake, as he
clutched his ever-ready revolver in his grasp. “Yes; blaze away,”
answered a chorus of low voices. _Bang!_ went the pistol, and we saw the
snake slightly move, but it did not run away. “I hit him,” exclaimed our
brother with the pistol; and we all moved cautiously around the bush to
investigate. There he was, sure enough, a greenish-striped fellow about
six feet long, but he had no head, and from his appearance it had been
three or four days since he had lost it. Our marksman’s ball had struck
the ground just underneath the body and turned it partly over, which
movement had deceived us. I will say no _more_ about it lest you guess
who did the shooting; not that I think he would care, for mistakes are
being made every day by some of us that are worse than shooting dead
snakes.

Arriving at our train about noon, after an absence

[Illustration: FLOODED DISTRICT, ALFALFA, TEXAS.]


[Illustration: WRECKED BY TRAIN ROBBERS ON SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY.]

of three days, brings with it a feeling of relief, similar to getting
home again. The majority of the party had preceded us, a number having
come over yesterday. All express themselves as being glad to get back to
the train, notwithstanding its uninviting surroundings and isolated
condition. What we all appreciate very much and what goes far toward
breaking the monotony of the situation is the fact that nearly all the
Texas and Pacific and Southern Pacific trains stop here, and are very
kind in furnishing us with water and ice when we need it.

Yesterday afternoon a Southern Pacific train stopped here that had been
held up by train robbers a few miles east of Sierra Blanca. The safe in
the express car was blown open with dynamite and robbed of a large
amount of money. The train was held for one and a half hours while the
work was being done. The passengers on the train were not molested. Some
of our party entered the car and examined the wrecked safe, which was
blown almost into fragments. A portion of the car roof was torn off by
the force of the explosion and pieces of the safe were found in the
sides and ends of the car. A parrot and a rooster in the car lost nearly
all their feathers, but otherwise were apparently uninjured. Several of
our party obtained parrot and rooster feathers and pieces of the safe as
souvenirs. The Texan Rangers, we are told, are hot on the trail of the
outlaws.

Manager Wyman has just returned from the washout and brings no
encouragement. “The break cannot be repaired until the water falls two
feet,” says Brother Wyman, “and it shows no disposition to fall.” “Give
me two hundred men and the material to bridge those arroyos and lay the
track and I will have a railroad from here into El Paso across that
desert plateau inside the time they have been waiting for this water to
fall,” exclaimed Brother Sloane, spiritedly. “They won’t leave you do
it, Charlie,” said Brother Terry, sympathetically. The arrival of six
more of our people from El Paso and the announcement of dinner at the
same time prevented further conversation in this direction.

We were favored with a light shower in the afternoon, which evidently
stirred up the mosquitoes, for they are very numerous and aggressive
this evening. This is a beautiful night. It is the full of the moon, and
the clear, marvelous light it sheds is the most wonderful moonlight we
have ever seen; so clear, so bright, and yet so soft; no one can
describe it, for it is simply indescribable. Objects can be discerned at
a remarkable distance, and Mt. Franklin, six miles away, looms up to the
vision dark, grim, and majestic.

As our party one by one retire to their berths there is not a mind among
them all but what is impressed with the beauty and grandeur of the
night, the silence and serenity of which is broken only by the
occasional barking of a watchful Mexican dog or the quarrelsome snarling
of thieving coyotes.


SUNDAY, MAY 16th.

To-day is clear and warm, with a delightful breeze stirring. We avoid
the hot glare of the sun by remaining as much as possible on the shady
side of the train. There are remarkable conditions of climate here. In
the sun the heat is distressing, almost unbearable; in the shade it is
more than comfortable, almost luxurious, producing a feeling of
exuberant pleasure and vitality that is difficult to express or
understand. There was a light thunder shower during the night, which no
doubt had a tendency to further clarify and rarify this wonderful
atmosphere. We are making the best of the situation; have plenty to eat
and drink, but there is a scarcity of water for washing purposes,
although large irrigating ditches are close to hand, but the waters are
too muddy for use.

About noon a Southern Pacific work train came along and supplied our
cars with water, which is hauled in large wooden tanks holding about
4000 gallons each. It is brought from Lasca, about 70 miles east of
Alfalfa. S. P. engine No. 904 is drawing the train which is supplying us
with water, Engineer John Condon, Conductor G. M. Seamonds, Brakemen J.
M. Bates and Charles McDonald, who are very kind and obliging, carefully
supplying each car with all the water needed. Manager Wyman has just
received a telegram from Superintendent Martin saying that the break
situation is not improving, and suggests that our committee make
arrangements to go some other way.

Brakeman Charles Gunning, who has been with us since we left Ft. Worth,
made suggestions to our committee which were immediately taken up, viz.,
that we return to Sierra Blanca and from there take the Southern Pacific
to Spofford Junction, thence over Eagle Pass and the Mexican
International to Torreon, then up over the Mexican Central to El Paso,
making a triangle trip of about 1450 miles. The committee immediately
set out to communicate with the railroad officials, and we are all
waiting anxiously to know the result of the conference.

In the meantime work at the washout must have progressed with remarkable
rapidity, for some one just from there brings the highly encouraging
report that the break in the track is trestled over and the prospect of
getting us away soon is good. This report comes less than three hours
after Manager Wyman had received a message from Superintendent Martin
saying “he could give us no hope; that we had better go some other way.”
Is it any wonder that we are doubtful of the good news and regard it as
a fake? But it is true, nevertheless, for Brothers Wyman and Maxwell
have just returned and verify the report, adding “that if the water does
not rise again we will go out of here to-morrow.”

Brothers Wyman, Maxwell, Sheppard, Gilliland, and myself walked down to
the washout this evening and came back in the caboose of the work train.
It is about three miles from where our train lies to the break in the
track that has caused so much labor and anxiety. The greater part of
this work is performed by Mexicans, and they have been working day and
night, much of the time up to the waist in water, in order to get the
break repaired. More of our party came over from El Paso this evening;
they are all over now but two or three. Brothers Haas and Smith and Mrs.
Smith went over to El Paso to-day to go by regular train to Los Angeles.

When Brother John Reilly came over to the train he brought with him a
very much corroded revolver, presented as a souvenir to the Pennsylvania
Railroad conductors’ excursion party by Col. Si Ryan. The revolver
belonged to George Daley, mining engineer, of Lake

[Illustration: WILLIAM J. MAXWELL, OF THE COMMITTEE.]

Valley, New Mexico, who was killed by Indians September 9th, 1878. The
revolver was found on the alkali plains where Engineer Daley met his
death. The alkali had eaten off all the woodwork and corroded with rust
the iron. It is an interesting relic and highly valued as a souvenir.

The “boys” have been patrolling the train at night since we have been
sidetracked here. I have volunteered to go on second watch to-night, and
turned in at eleven o’clock, expecting to be called at 2 A. M. for
patrol duty.


MONDAY, MAY 17th.

Awakened at 2.30 this morning by Brother George Dale, and with Brother
Sam Horner go on duty to watch and to wait for morning to come. There is
nothing else for us to do; all is quiet outside and around the train as
we promenade back and forth on the alert for anything of a suspicious
nature. The morning is clear and bright and the air cool and refreshing.
Brother Kilgore, who sleeps near the roof in the car “Milton,” is doing
some vigorous snoring, and Brother Houston, in the rear of the “Orchis,”
is talking earnestly in his sleep. We catch an occasional glimpse of a
skulking dog or coyote seeking for food amongst the scraps thrown from
the train, but no marauder appears to molest us. A heavy 44-caliber
six-shooter, presented to the writer just before starting on the trip by
Lyttleton Johnson, Esq., of Chadd’s Ford, Pa., has been at the service
of our watchmen, and we feel that we are well armed. When not in
possession of the watchmen, Baggagemaster George Anderson sleeps with it
under his pillow.

The coming of day and the stir of the occupants of the cars relieve us
from duty, and we strike out through the mesquite thicket to reconnoitre
and obtain a view of our surroundings. Less than 200 yards from the
train we come to a deep, wide, irrigating canal, through which the muddy
water is rushing in a torrent. We can go no further in this direction
and conclude to follow the stream in quest of a bridge. We go but a
short distance when the thicket becomes impenetrable, and we retreat,
and cutting a cane from the thicket as a memento of our little walk, we
return to the train, glad to find that breakfast is ready and to learn
that an effort will be made to get us over the break to-day.

Brother Wyman has been closely watching the progress of the repairs, and
under the supervision of Master Mechanic H. Small, the work these last
two days has made very rapid advancement. The sun is scorching hot and
the forenoon is spent by the party sitting in groups in the shadow of
the train discussing the various features of the situation, and many are
the surmises as to what will be the result of an attempt to cross that
sea of water over the repaired and trestled tracks with a train of cars
of such weight as ours. We feel that the risk is great, but realize the
effort to get us over is to be made, when about 1 P. M. S. P. engine No.
719, in charge of Engineer M. Love, is run in against our train and we
are pushed, with six construction cars ahead of us, out on the main
track and up toward the flooded district. Conductor J. H. Ludwig has
charge of the train, and in him Mrs. Ed. Foster recognizes a cousin whom
she had not seen for many years. The recognition is mutual and the
meeting a happy one. The knowledge that the conductor is related to and
personally known by a member of our party creates a feeling of
confidence that almost assures our safe deliverance.

We have now reached high water and our train is being slowly pushed
farther and farther into a gurgling, surging, muddy flood until the
dreaded break is reached, with miles of water all around us. The
repaired track, propped and trestled, settles and sinks out of sight
when it receives the weight of the cars, that toss and roll and creak in
a manner which, if it does not frighten us, fills us with much concern,
for we are afraid we will lose our train in the flood. A sudden stop,
caused by the bursting of an air-brake hose on the engine, fills us with
alarm. “We are lost,” murmured Mrs. Maxwell, and her face wore a
frightened look. “Not yet,” replied Brother Schuler, and his assurance
gave us comfort; but the few minutes delay caused by the accident was
almost fatal, for our heavy dining car had settled until its wheels were
covered with water and the repairsmen thought a rail had broken beneath
its weight. In water almost up to their necks the men made an
examination of the track under the car and found it intact.

The signal was given to move ahead, and as slowly the sunken car comes
into position, hearts become lighter and faces grow brighter; the
dreadful suspense is over, and we give more attention to our
surroundings. We see many fine residences surrounded by water, and large
fields of grain inundated and ruined. We are two hours coming through
the four miles of high water. Slowly and carefully we are safely brought
through, and all concerned are entitled to the highest praise for the
able and judicious manner in which the train was handled.

Arriving at the Southern Pacific station in El Paso about three o’clock,
and finding we have an hour before leaving, many avail themselves of the
opportunity of taking a parting look at this interesting city and
bidding adieu to the many kind friends who have done so much toward
making our forced stay a pleasant and happy one. Four of our party,
under the escort of Brother Sloane, have taken a trip over to Juarez,
and much uneasiness and concern is felt for them, as the time is up for
our train to go and they have not returned. The engine whistle is
sounded long and loud to call them in, but they do not come. “They have
gone over there to make some purchases,” asserts Brother Sheppard, “and
I fear have been arrested for trying to evade the customs laws.” “No
fear of that,” replies Captain Purcell, who has charge of our train,
“you may rest assured that no member of your party will be molested by
the customs officers. The courtesy and freedom of the cities of El Paso
and Juarez have been extended to you, and the badge you wear is a
guarantee of your safety.” “Yes,” adds Col. Si Ryan, who is on hand to
see us off, “Diaz wouldn’t allow any of you Pennsylvanians pinched if
you should carry off the whole State of Chihuahua, for his Honor thinks
Pennsylvania the greatest and best State of the Union, with the
exception, of course, of Texas,” and there is a proud, faraway look in
the Colonel’s eye as he contemplates the enormous area and the
illimitable possibilities of the great Lone Star State. Notwithstanding
the assurance of Captain Purcell and Colonel Ryan, Brother Post is very
much concerned, for Miss Ella is with the absent party, and he has gone
to look for them. Brothers Moore and Dougherty have

[Illustration: COL. SI RYAN.]

taken advantage of the delay and are off looking for souvenirs. Those
who are waiting for the return of the absent ones are growing very
impatient, and when at last they are seen coming, impatience and
uneasiness give way to feelings of relief and gladness, and Brother
Sloane is forgiven once more on the plea “that it was a misunderstanding
of the time that caused the trouble,” and gave it as his opinion that
“El Paso time is one of the most confusing problems that ever worried a
tourist.”

The deep-toned engine bell peals out the warning that the train is about
to start; “All aboard” is shouted, the last hand shake is given, and at
5.45 (2.45 Pacific) P. M., just five days, six hours, and forty-five
minutes late, our train rolled out of the Southern Pacific Station and
across the Rio Grande, leaving behind the pretty and interesting city of
El Paso and our many new-found friends, whose liberality and kindness
will ever remain a pleasant and happy memory with us. Our train is drawn
by S. P. engine No. 1395, in charge of Engineer Joseph Bird and fired by
J. V. Paul, who accompany us to Tucson, 312 miles. Conductor T. H.
Purcell and Brakeman E. G. Shaub go with us to Yuma, 563 miles.

We are in New Mexico, having entered it when we crossed the Rio Grande
River. The country is wild and barren and the railroad very crooked.
Engineer Bird, in his eagerness to make up the lost time, is running at
a speed which Manager Wyman thinks is not consistent with safety. The
cars rock and roll in an alarming manner, and several dishes have been
broken in the dining car, which calls forth a protest from our friend
McDonald of that most cherished department. Brother Wyman immediately
requests Conductor Purcell to instruct the engineer to reduce speed,
which is done, much to the relief and comfort of all on board. Brother
Joseph Flory, of St. Louis Division No. 3, State Railroad and Warehouse
Commissioner, of Jefferson City, Mo., and Harry Steere, Esq., traveling
passenger agent of the Southern Pacific Railroad, are our guests from El
Paso to Los Angeles, and a much appreciated acquisition to our party.

They have a fund of useful and interesting information on hand
pertaining to the country through which we are passing, which they
impart to us in a pleasant and entertaining manner. “What place is this,
Mr. Steere?” we inquire as a pretty little town bursts upon our vision.
“This is Deeming,” replies Mr. Steere, “and it is quite an important
place. We are now 88 miles from El Paso, and this is the first town we
have seen. A few years ago it was as barren and uninhabitable here as
any of the desolate country through which we have passed, but good water
was discovered a few feet below the surface of the ground, and now the
place is noted for its many wells of fine water, which is shipped for
hundreds of miles and is also used for irrigating purposes, for nothing
will grow throughout this region unless it is artificially watered. The
thrifty young shade trees, the shrubbery and patches of verdant
vegetation you noticed as we passed through Deeming is convincing
evidence that all this region needs, to make it one of the most fertile
and productive countries in the world, is plenty of water.”

For 60 miles further we pass through this region of desert plateaus
known as the plains of Deeming. The dust is almost suffocating and
sifts through every crack and crevice, the double, almost air-tight,
windows of the Pullmans being insufficiently close to keep it out. At
the little station of Lordsburg, 60 miles from Deeming, Engineer Bird
stops to water his iron horse. “This supply of water,” remarked Mr.
Steere, “is brought here in pipes from a large spring or lake in yonder
mountain, five miles away.”

Looking in the direction indicated, we can see through the gathering
dusk of evening the dark outlines of a mountain in the distance. “’Tis a
pity,” continued Mr. Steere, “that you were not enabled to pass through
this section during daylight, for there are some things I should like
you to see. We are drawing near the Arizona line, and the scenery is
becoming more broken and varied. Those mountains which you can dimly
discern on your right are composed of cliffs and crags of reddish rock
of a peculiar and interesting formation. On the left the great San Simon
Valley stretches away to the south for a distance of 75 or 80 miles, and
is the grazing ground for many thousands of cattle. One company alone,
the San Simon Cattle Company, it is said, has a herd of nearly 100,000
head.” “What do they feed on, Mr. Steere?” I asked, for visions of the
dust-environed plains of Deeming were still floating in my mind. “This
great valley,” answered Mr. Steere, “through the northern boundary of
which we are now passing, is not nearly so dry as the more elevated
country through which we have passed. There are occasionally short
periods of wet weather which produces pasture very rapidly, the pasture
consisting chiefly of what is known through here as gama grass, which
grows very fast and luxuriant and possesses great feeding qualities.
The strangest but most valuable feature of this peculiar vegetation is
that it retains all its sweetness and nutrition after it is dead and
brown, and stock feed upon it with as much avidity in a dry and sapless
condition as they do when they find it in the green and juicy stage of
life and growth.

“Away to the south, bounding this immense valley, is a wild and rocky
range of the Chiricahua Mountains, said to be from time immemorial the
rendezvous of renegades and desperadoes, one of the most noted being an
outlaw Apache Indian called the ‘Arizona Kid,’ whose depredations and
crimes were a terror to all the surrounding country. And were it only
light,” continued Mr. Steere, “I would show you one of the most notable
landmarks on the Southern Pacific Road. Away over to the south there,
clearly outlined against the sky, is a mountain formation that plainly
resembles the up-turned profile of a human face. It is called ‘Cochise’s
Head,’ bearing a strong likeness, it is said, to Cochise, the most noted
chieftain of the Apache tribe.”

We have now reached what is known as “Territorial Line,” about midway
between the little stations of Stein’s Pass and San Simon. Conductor
Purcell kindly stops the train at this point, giving those who wish the
opportunity and privilege of gathering some mementoes of the occasion
and locality. I look at my watch; it is 11.20 P. M. “Philadelphia” time,
8.20 P. M. “Territorial Line” time; it is pretty dark for the business
on hand, but the post that marks the dividing line is easily found, and
in a very short time is so badly cut and splintered by the relic hunters
that it looks as though it had been struck by lightning. Several
standing astride the designated and imaginary dividing line picked
pebbles from New Mexico and Arizona at the same time. In five minutes we
are on our way again, and in a short time thereafter the snores of the
tourists heard above the rumble of the train proclaim that “the weary
are at rest.”


TUESDAY, MAY 18th.

Got up this morning about the usual time and found that we had passed
Tucson in the early part of the morning and had changed engines at that
point. We have now S. P. engine No. 9030, Engineer J. W. Bunce and
Fireman J. Weir, who run us to Yuma, a distance of 251 miles. It cannot
always be day, nor we cannot always be awake, so when night comes and we
sleep we miss much that is novel and interesting. “You have missed much
since entering Arizona that is well worth seeing,” I hear Mr. Steere
remark to several of the party with whom he is conversing as I enter the
smoker. “During the night we have passed through the most wonderful
cactus country in the world, many of the plants rising to the height of
thirty and forty feet; but you will see similar plants should you pass
through the Antelope Valley, Cal., in daytime after leaving Los Angeles.
You also missed seeing the town of Benson, which is one of the important
places on this line, where we connect with the New Mexico and Arizona
and the Arizona and Southwestern Railroads; and it is really too bad
that you did not get at least a passing look at Tucson, for there is
only one Tucson in the world. It is one of the oldest and queerest
places in the United States, and a place with a history. The population
is estimated to be about 8000, and nearly all of the residences are of
adobe construction. Claims are made that it was first settled by the
Spanish in 1560.” A call to breakfast interrupted Mr. Steere’s
interesting talk as we all make a break for the dining car.

All the morning we have been descending the Gila River Valley, and the
picturesque, complex scenery of mountain, plain, and valley has been
much enjoyed by all. As we approach Yuma, situated on the Colorado
River, in the extreme southwestern corner of Arizona, we can scarcely
realize that in the 251 miles we have come since leaving Tucson we have
dropped from an altitude of 2390 feet to that of 140 feet, the elevation
of Yuma, but such is the case, according to the figures given on the
time table of the Southern Pacific Railroad which I hold in my hand, and
which Captain Purcell and Mr. Steere both declare is correct beyond a
shadow of doubt, adding “that the Southern Pacific Railroad Company was
never known to publish a falsehood or make a mistake.”

We arrive at Yuma 12.30 P. M. Eastern (9.30 A. M. Pacific), and make a
stop of fifteen minutes. The station is a low-built, commodious
building, surrounded on three sides by extensive grounds in which
flowers are blooming in profusion. A number of bouquets were gathered by
the ladies. Several native Indians are about the station having for sale
trinkets and toys of their own manufacture. It is a strange and novel
sight to behold these old remnants of an almost extinct race and tribe
dressed in the scant and grotesque garb of their nativity, with their
faces and the exposed

[Illustration: ARIZONA LANDSCAPE.]

[Illustration: “YUMA BILL,” INDIAN CHIEF AT YUMA, OVER 100 YEARS OLD.]

parts of their limbs and bodies painted and tattooed with bright and
varied colors, increasing tenfold their natural ugliness, which showing
to its best advantage, unassisted by art, is far above par. Yuma Bill,
the biggest, oldest, and ugliest of the lot, seems to claim the most
attention, and as I see him coming down the station platform and
entering the waiting-room door, bareheaded and barefooted, with a
bright-striped blanket about him, I think of Mark Twain’s story of his
visit to the camp of Sitting Bull. “The old chief saw me coming,” says
Mark, “and he came to meet me. I had pictured him in my mind as an old
warrior covered with glory; I found him clothed with the nobility of his
race, assisted by an old horse blanket, one corner of which hid his
approach and the other corner covered his retreat.” Similar characters
are Yuma Bill and his pals, and if ever “Mark” encounters them he will
be strongly reminded of his notable interview with the famous Sitting
Bull.

We all buy trinkets of Bill, for we never expect to see him again and we
don’t want to forget him. We are told that he is a good old Indian, but
was not always so. Years ago, when there were battles to be won, Bill
made a record as a fighter. He will fight no more; there are only a few
of him left; and Uncle Sam has given him and his comrades a refuge in a
little reservation across the river where they hope to live and die in
quietness and peace.

A short distance back of the station can be seen the territorial prison
or penitentiary, on a bluff overlooking the Colorado River. We thought
it was a fort until told that it was a prison. Our train is about to
start, and we find a large car or tank of water attached on the front
end next the engine and a freight caboose on the rear. We find that a
freight crew has charge of us, that the tank of water will be needed to
supply the engine, as there is a run of 120 miles through a country
devoid of water, and that the crew will need the caboose when they leave
us, for they expect to take back from Indio a train of freight. We have
S. P. engine No. 1609, with Engineer W. Hayes at the throttle, fired by
George McIntyre, Conductor H. J. Williams, Brakemen H. J. Schulte and R.
M. Armour. As our train moves slowly off across the bridge that spans
the Colorado we take a last look at Yuma and its picturesque
surroundings, and in two minutes we are in California and crossing the
Colorado Desert.

We are disappointed. We thought California a land of beauty, fertility,
and flowers--a desert waste is all we see, bald mountains and barren
plains on every side. Our course is upward for about 25 miles, until an
elevation of 400 feet is reached, and then we begin to descend, and when
we pass the little station of Flowing Well, 60 miles west of Yuma, we
are only five feet above the level of the sea. Ten miles farther we stop
at Volcano Springs and are 225 feet below the sea level. After leaving
Flowing Well our attention was called by Mr. Steere to what was
apparently a large lake of clear, sparkling water ahead, and to the left
of our train, about half a mile away. We were running toward it but got
no closer to it. It remained there, the same distance from us, a bright,
sparkling, rippling body of water; not one on the train but what would
have said, “It is water.” Mr. Steere says, “No; it is not water;

[Illustration: THE CALIFORNIA POPPY.]

it is a delusion, a mirage caused by the glare of the sun on the shining
salt crust of this alkali desert. There is not much doubt,” continued
Mr. Steere, “but what ages upon ages ago all this immense basin was the
bottom of a great sea. You can see upon the sides of these barren bluffs
and upon those walls of rock the mark of the water line that for
thousands of years perhaps have withstood the ravages and test of time.
This little station is called Volcano Springs because of the number of
springs in this locality that are apparently of volcanic origin. They
are not in operation at the present time, but certain seasons of the
year they are very active and spout up mud and water to a height of from
10 to 25 feet.”

A thermometer hanging in the doorway of the station, in the shade,
registers 101 degrees, and it is not unusual, we are told, for it to
reach 125. It is actually too hot in the sun to stand still; it almost
takes one’s breath away. We feel relieved when our train starts and we
are in motion once more. We create a breeze, a sea breeze, as it were,
wafted to us o’er the mummified saliniferous remains of an ancient sea
3000 years a corpse. But the “mirage” still is there, a wonderful
delusion, a monstrous deception, a gigantic “Will o’ the wisp,” whose
alluring promises have led hundreds of men and animals a fruitless chase
that ended in horrid death.

Sixty-five miles ahead of us we can plainly see San Jacinto Mountain,
towering 11,500 feet in the air, with its summit covered with ice and
snow that glistens in the noonday sun. Twenty-four miles from Volcano
Springs we pass Salton, noted for its great salt industry. This is the
lowest point on the line of the Southern Pacific Railroad, being 263
feet below sea level. About three miles to the left of the railroad we
see the great white salt marsh or lake, containing such a vast deposit
of this useful substance that the supply is thought to be inexhaustible.
Steam plows are used for gathering the salt, and the works erected here
have a capacity of nearly 1000 tons per day.

Twenty-five miles from Salton we reach Indio, where a short stop is made
to change engines. Indio is a veritable oasis in the desert. After miles
and miles of desert dust and glaring sand, it is very refreshing to see
again trees and grass and flowers. We are still 20 feet below the level
of the sea, but good water has been found here, and plenty of it applied
to the soil has worked wonders. Whatever is planted grows with rapidity
and in profusion, and with an abundance of water Indio can look forward
to fast increasing beauty and prosperity. It has been discovered that
the climate here is very beneficial to consumptives, and Indio has
already become noted as a resort for those afflicted with pulmonary
trouble, and it is claimed some very remarkable cures have been
effected.

We leave Indio at 4.15 P. M. Eastern (1.15 P. M. Pacific), with S. P.
engine No. 1397. Engineer Ward Heins, Fireman J. A. Shanehan; Conductor
Williams and his brakemen will continue on to Los Angeles with us, 130
miles further.

Soon after leaving Indio we ascend a grade of 120 feet to the mile and
pass along the base of San Jacinto Mountain, with its summit frowning
down upon us from a height of 11,500 feet. The snow can now be plainly
seen upon its highest peaks, and rivulets and cataracts can be seen in
places dashing and leaping down its seamed and rugged sides.

At Rimlon we get Engineer Eli Steavens and Fireman M. Anderson with
engine No. 1963 to assist us up a steep grade to Beaumont, a distance of
35 miles.

At Palm Springs a short stop was made to take aboard some guests who
came to meet us from Los Angeles. They were Mr. G. L. Mead, Mr. H.
Kearney, and Mr. J. E. White. Mr. Mead is a merchant of Los Angeles who
heard of our coming and came to meet us to bid us welcome to the
“Paradise of America,” and to emphasize his expressions of good
feelings, presented the tourists with a case of very fine California
wine. Mr. Mead could have done nothing more in accord with the feelings
of the party. No wine ever tasted better, no wine ever did more good; it
is a medicine our systems crave after 150 miles of the scorching,
glaring, waterless Colorado Desert; a right thing in the right place; it
is appreciated far more than Mr. Mead will ever know. Mr. Kearney is a
promoter of stage lines and is about to establish a route between Palm
Springs and Virginia Dale, a distance of 71 miles. He is an interesting
gentleman to converse with, being perfectly familiar with all the
surrounding country. Mr. White is a transfer agent doing business in Los
Angeles, and is on hand to render aid to any of the party who may need
his services.

We arrive at Beaumont and have reached the summit of the grade. In the
50 miles we have come since leaving Indio, we have made an ascent of
5280 feet. Our helper engine No. 1397 has left us; and we commence our
descent of the western slope of the San Bernardino Range. Mr. J.
Jacobs, a civil engineer in the employ of the Southern Pacific Railroad
Company, was invited to get aboard at Beaumont and accompany us to Los
Angeles. We find him a very agreeable guest, giving us a great deal of
entertaining information.

We have passed from desert wastes into a rich agricultural district;
farmers are engaged in harvesting hundreds of acres of barley, which in
this region is cut while in a green state and cured for hay. We pass
many large fruit orchards of different varieties, while away in the
distance on every hand the mountains rear their snow-clad peaks to the
clouds. It is a grand and wonderful transformation from the scenes
through which we have lately passed, and needs to be seen to be
appreciated.

“This section of country through which we are now passing,” observed Mr.
Jacobs, “is the famous Redlands district, a country that has shown far
greater development and been subject to more rapid improvements in the
same number of years than any other known section of its size in the
world. Ten years ago it was almost barren, and known only as a vast
sheep range; to-day, owing to a thorough system of irrigation, there are
nearly 30,000 acres of reclaimed land that bloom and blossom and bear
fruit with all the fertility, the beauty, and abundance of a tropical
garden.”

We have now entered the orange district, and large groves are seen on
every hand, golden with the luscious fruit. At Pomona a halt of
sufficient length is made to allow several baskets of oranges to be put
on the train, which are distributed amongst the party and found to be
delicious and refreshing. We are unable to ascertain who are the
thoughtful donors, but all the

[Illustration: A CLUSTER OF NAVEL ORANGES, CALIFORNIA.]

same they have the most sincere thanks of the entire party for their
kindness and generosity.

For 25 miles we pass through a fairyland of blooming loveliness, and at
8.45 P. M. Eastern (5.45 Pacific) our train rolls into the station in
Los Angeles, five days, five hours, and forty-five minutes late. On an
adjacent track a train is loading, and we learn it is the New York
Central excursion about ready to start for home. We exchange greetings
and cards with many of them before their train pulls out, bound for its
journey through the heat and dust of desert and plain, for they return
by the route we came, and we know what is in store for them.

We begin to realize what we have missed by thus coming in at the
eleventh hour. We find we were saved from a watery grave in the raging
Rio Grande only to discover that we are here just in time to be too late
to participate in the “good times” all the other visitors have had. The
twenty-sixth session of the Grand Division of the “Order of Railway
Conductors” that we had expected to attend is about ready to adjourn;
the pleasure trips planned for the entertainment of members of the order
to all the surrounding points of interest have been taken, and we
weren’t “in it.” ’Tis rather a discouraging outlook, but with the true
Yankee spirit of self-reliance we quickly determine to make the best of
it, trusting our future to luck and Providence.

Brothers Houston, Haefner, and myself start for Music Hall, No. 234
South Spring Street, where the Convention is in session, and arrive five
minutes before its adjournment. We hear Brother Grand Chief Conductor E.
E. Clark make his closing speech. As the members of the Convention
commence to pour out of the hall into the street the greater part of our
folks arrive on the scene, and for more than an hour an impromptu
meeting is held on the sidewalk and on the street in front of the
building, where old friends are greeted and new friends are made;
everybody wants to exchange cards with everybody else; all are
good-natured, good-humored, and happy, and “perpetual friendship” seems
to be the ruling spirit of the hour. The crowd gradually disperses and
becomes scattered over the city, members of our party mingling with the
rest, seeing the sights and looking for souvenirs.

Brother Ristein received a telegram that had been lying in the Los
Angeles office four days awaiting his arrival, telling him of the
serious illness of one of his children far away in his Delmar home, and
he is at the office now, anxiously awaiting a reply to a message of
inquiry sent as to the present condition of the child. Brother Ristein
fears the worst, and we all share his anxiety. Promptly the answer
flashes back, “The child is better and thought to be out of danger.” The
words make light a heavy heart, and we are all glad for Brother
Ristein’s sake.

Our train occupies a track in the Arcade Station train shed for our
convenience, and by ten o’clock there are very few but what have turned
in. A few of the “boys” are still out, of course, but it is a hopeless
task to try and “keep tab” on them. We cannot do it. These nocturnal
outings of theirs will have to be noted down as “unwritten history.” How
much of it there will be we cannot tell. There has been considerable
already, of which we might mention one night at Fort

[Illustration: WINTER IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.]

Worth, testing the efficacy of police protection while attempting to
follow a “blind trail”; four or five nights in El Paso chasing the
fleeting phantom of merry luck to the musical whirl of the wheel of
fortune. They are all right, these “boys” of ours, and they know a good
thing when they see it.


WEDNESDAY, MAY 19th.

We are all up bright and early this morning, and after breakfast parties
are formed to take in the sights. A number of us have decided to take a
tally-ho ride, and Brother Wyman has gone to procure the outfit. In a
short time he returns with the information that “the wagon will soon be
here.” It is not long until a fine roomy coach, drawn by six white
horses, reins up in front of the group, and we clamber in. There is just
room enough. We count the party and find there are fourteen, including
the driver. The team is from the Panorama Stables and driven by “Mac,”
the veteran stager and coachman, who knows every crook and turn in all
the highways and byways and drives and trails throughout Southern
California. “Mac” is a character; we try to draw him out, but he won’t
talk about himself, won’t even tell you his name, only that it is “Mac.”
He will tell you about everything else, and he is thoroughly posted. He
takes us through the principal streets of this most wonderful city,
rightly named “The town of the Queen of Angels.”

Los Angeles lies amongst the foothills of the Sierra Madre Mountains,
with an average elevation of 300 feet above sea level, only 15 miles
from the coast, with an active, bustling business population of about
75,000 inhabitants. The beauty and magnificence of this tropical
profusion through which we are passing is something we have heard of,
but never saw before, and we find we are helpless when we attempt to
describe it. In fancy and in dreams we have pictured “The Land of
Sunshine and Flowers,” but now, brought face to face with this marvelous
reality, the beautiful pictures of dreams and fancy pale into crudeness
and insignificance. Through avenues shaded on either side by rows of
palms, eucalyptus, and pepper trees, past rose-embowered cottages and
lawns filled with tropical plants, surrounded by hedges of roses and
calla lilies, we continue on our way out through the suburbs into the
rural districts, through the avenues of vast orange groves, the trees
loaded with luscious golden fruit, through beautiful Pasadena, and on
until “Mac” draws up at the famous ostrich farm, where we alight and go
in to look around.

We spend about half an hour looking at the birds and two and a half
dollars in the purchase of feathers. Loading up, we start on our way
again, bound for “Lucky Baldwin’s” ranch, “the largest individual tract
of land,” says “Mac,” “in Southern California. It comprises 50,000
acres, nearly all under a condition of cultivation and improvement.”
Here it is our pleasure to behold the largest and most wonderful orange
grove in the world. For miles we see nothing but orange trees and
oranges; the trees are loaded and the ground is covered with the yellow
fruit. We feast upon the beauty and grandeur of this unusual sight, with
lots of oranges thrown in. It is needless to state that we ate all we
could and loaded up the hack.

[Illustration: BROOKSIDE AVENUE, REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA.]

A few miles further on we arrive at the Bonita Hotel, belonging to the
ranch kept by Mrs. Warner, where the horses are taken from the coach and
fed and the party takes lunch. Large lawns surround the buildings filled
with many varieties of flowers, and we are given the privilege of
plucking all we want, and when we leave each lady carries a large
bouquet in her hand and each gentleman a smaller one in his buttonhole.

Starting on our way again, the horses refreshed with rest and food, we
speed along lengthy drives and avenues, shaded by large Lombardy poplar
and eucalyptus trees, for about two miles, when we pass through a large
gateway over which is an arch in the form of an immense horse shoe, and
enter the stable grounds where Baldwin’s famous blooded horses are kept.
We are kindly received by the stableman, shown through the stalls, where
a number of the celebrated equines are seen. Brother Layfield evinces
such a surprising knowledge of horseflesh and shows so much interest in
the history of the different animals as related by the stableman that he
is presented by that courteous gentleman with a mule’s shoe as a
souvenir of the visit. Brother Kilgore is also interested in the horses
and would like to have a shoe; a search for one is unsuccessful, and so
long did Brother Kilgore remain in the stable looking for the
much-desired relic that he came near being left.

Leaving the stable grounds, we drive a mile further to the palatial
residence and magnificent grounds of the renowned ruler of these
domains. Mr. Baldwin is not at home at the present time, but the place
is in charge of trusted employes. Leaving the coach, we walk through the
spacious grounds surrounding the princely mansion. Paradise can hardly
be more beautiful and grand--the largest, the sweetest, the reddest
roses that ever delighted the sense of sight or smell, the grandest
trees, the most beautiful shrubbery bearing flowers of every kind and
color. Bordered with blooming lilies are lakes of water, clear as
crystal, on the surface of which graceful swans are swimming and in
whose depth gold and silver fish dart and dive. Fine fountains and
statuary intersperse the lawn, adding to its richness and beauty.
Mounted above a pedestal in a conspicuous spot we notice an old bell. It
is possessed of no beauty, and we wonder what it is for. We inquire of
an old man working near by, “Uncle, what is the old rusty bell for?”
“That old bell,” answered the old gentleman, removing his hat with a low
bow as he turns toward the object in question, “is the most valued thing
you see. It is a relic that money cannot buy. Mr. Baldwin prizes it very
highly, and we people all adore it.” As the old servant utters the last
words he makes another low courtesy. We begin to think he is a little
daft and are about to move on, when, straightening up and with
outstretched arm he points toward the old bell a bony, trembling finger,
and continues slowly and with emphasis, “That old bell came from the
chimes tower of the San Gabriel Mission. That is why we prize it; that
is why we love it.” We thought at first the old fellow bowed to us; we
know now that he bowed to the old bell out of respect and reverence, for
whatever is connected or associated with those old missions is looked
upon as something almost sacred by many of the people here, especially
those of the Roman faith.

A whistle from “Mac” informs us we must be going,

[Illustration: SAN GABRIEL MISSION, CALIFORNIA.]

[Illustration: GIANT PALMS ON THE ROAD TO SAN GABRIEL.]

and climbing into the ’bus the horses start off on a brisk trot and we
soon leave “Lucky Baldwin’s” ranch behind and enter “Sunny Slope”
vineyard, owned by L. J. Rose. This immense vineyard contains 1500 acres
and is traversed by beautiful avenues which divide this vast acreage of
grapevines into great squares.

We are soon across this interesting tract and enter the grounds of the
vintage plant of the San Gabriel Wine Company. We were very courteously
treated and shown through the large establishment, the capacity of which
is 1,500,000 gallons of wine per year. Upon leaving we pass through
their vineyard, containing 1000 acres, which is near the vintage plant.

As we approach the old San Gabriel Mission and “Mac” reins up his steeds
in front of the low, quaint building, I instinctively glance up at the
ancient belfry and find that two of the niches or arches where bells
once had swung are vacant. “Lucky Baldwin” has one of the bells; I
wonder who has the other. At this moment another tally-ho drives up and
stops, and we find it is a coaching party of our own people. We all
alight and enter the historic and sacred edifice. Those who are of the
faith render their acknowledgment with quiet, humble reverence; we who
are not stand silently by in an attitude of mute veneration. San Gabriel
stands fourth in the line of the twenty-one missions established in
California from July 16th, 1769, to April 25th, 1820, the date of its
establishment being September 8th, 1771.

The party we encountered consists of Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs.
Maxwell, Mr. and Mrs. Reilly, Mr. and Mrs. Matthews, Mr. Reagan, Mr.
McCarty, Mr. Waddington, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Williams, and Mr. Suter. They
occupy one of Hoag’s White Livery tally-ho coaches, followed by Mr. and
Mrs. Horner in a buggy. Our party consists of Mr. and Mrs. Wyman, Mr.
and Mrs. Kilgore, Mr. and Mrs. Layfield, Mr. and Mrs. McKernan, Mr. and
Miss Barrett, Mr. Crispen, Mrs. Shaw and myself.

As we bowl along the level drive toward the city, after leaving the old
Mission, our conversation turns upon the pleasures of the day and of the
interesting and beautiful things we have seen. We are all well pleased
with our day’s outing, especially the Colonel, who is in a high good
humor, for had he not obtained what no one else could get, a substantial
memento of his visit to the famous Baldwin ranch? “I am going to have
this shoe decorated with ribbon and hung up in my parlor,” asserts the
Colonel, as he searches in the bottom of the coach for his prize. “I
guess not,” exclaims Mrs. Shaw, as she gives him a dig in the ribs with
her elbow, “that’s my shoe you’ve got hold of.” “But where’s my horse
shoe? Has any one got it? Has any one seen my horse shoe?” excitedly
inquires the Colonel, as he makes another dive into the bottom of the
coach. “I think it flew away,” quietly remarks Mrs. Wyman, as she draws
her feet up and out of the way. “Who ever saw a shoe fly,” snaps the
Colonel, as he continues rummaging in the bottom of the vehicle. “I
have,” answers Manager Wyman, removing his hat, exposing a pate as
devoid of hair and as bald as a door knob, from which he brushes an
imaginary fly. “I saw a horse fly, but didn’t notice if he had shoes
on,” observes Mrs. McKernan, keeping her eye on the Colonel, who is
growing desperate in his failure to find

[Illustration: AN AVENUE IN PASADENA, CALIFORNIA.]

his treasure. But it was gone; it had escaped from the bottom of the
coach in some way, and we all sympathize with Brother Layfield in his
bereavement, now that we find he has actually lost his valued souvenir.

We enter the city through East Side Park, which is a most beautiful and
delightful drive. We bid goodbye to “Mac” and his spanking team and
hurry to our dining car, where we arrive just in time for one of
McDonald’s dandy dinners, which we heartily enjoy after such a busy day.
We find a number of our party had taken trips similar to our own, and
over nearly the same route; others had ascended Mt. Lowe, been away
above the clouds; some had taken a run down to Santa Monica and sported
in the surf of the Pacific; some to Santa Catalina Island, the alleged
“Garden of Eden” of the Pacific coast. All express themselves as having
had an exceedingly good time and are laying plans for the morrow. There
are many places we would like to visit and many things we would like to
see, but our time is too limited “to take it all in,” for we are to
leave here to-morrow at 2.00 P. M. We have friends in San Diego we had
intended to visit and there are fish at Catalina Island we had expected
to catch; both friends and fish will have to charge their disappointment
or pleasure, as the case may be, to the turbid waters of the Rio Grande.

Dinner being over, the most of our people take a walk up town and enjoy
a promenade through the brilliantly-lighted streets, admiring the
handsomely-furnished stores, with goods and wares arranged and exposed
in so tempting a manner that many trinkets and knicknacks are purchased
for souvenirs. Returning to the train at an early hour and hearing such
a favorable account of the trip to Mt. Lowe from some who were there
to-day, we conclude to join a party that is going in the morning and
“take it in.” One by one and two by two our people keep dropping in like
unto the oft-mentioned fowls that “come home to roost,” until only a few
of the “boys,” as usual, are left outside the fold, and to them I need
again ascribe “_unwritten history_.” As I leave the smoker to retire to
my berth in the “Marco” I see our faithful George H. (Alfalfa) Anderson
making up his bed, under the pillow of which he carefully places our
“artillery,” and I feel we are as safe as though surrounded by a cordon
of Gatling guns.


THURSDAY, MAY 20th.

Arose early this morning and found the weather not very favorable for
our contemplated trip to Mt. Lowe, being cloudy and somewhat foggy, but
we concluded to go, so after breakfast the party, consisting of Mr. and
Mrs. Wyman, Mr. and Mrs. Layfield, Mr. and Miss Barrett, Mr. Kilgore,
Mr. Sloane, Mr. Haas, Mr. Crispen, Mr. Denniston, two guests--Miss R.
Stradling and Mr. A. L. Bailey--George H. Alfalfa Anderson, and myself,
under the escort of Brother Ed. Butcher, of Los Angeles Division No.
111, who is a passenger conductor on the Los Angeles Terminal Road,
boarded a car at 10.00 A. M. Eastern (7.00 A. M. Pacific) on the
Pasadena and Los Angeles Electric Railway, conducted by W. A. Brown, and
started on a never-to-be-forgotten trip to Mt. Lowe.

Out through the suburbs of Los Angeles, with its

[Illustration: GREAT CABLE INCLINE, MT. LOWE RAILWAY.]

beautiful rose-embowered cottages and palatial residences and lawns of
palms and tropical shrubbery, on through miles of country districts,
rich with groves of golden fruit, through eden--Pasadena to Altadena,
where we change cars for another electric road that carries us for about
three miles over hill and dale, through ravines and across
frightful-looking chasms, but always tending upward, until at an
elevation of 2200 feet Rubio Cañon is reached and we are at the foot of
the great cable incline, claimed to be the most wonderful cable road in
the world, extending from Rubio Pavilion to Echo Mountain, a distance of
3000 feet. It makes a direct ascent of 1350 feet. Looking up at the
wonderful construction it seems to almost pierce the sky; its summit is
enshrouded in a veil of fog that hides it from our view.

“I don’t quite like the looks of that,” ventures Brother Kilgore,
looking over his glasses with a scrutinizing glance, as his eyes follow
the great incline up to where it is lost in the fog. “I guess it’s all
right; I don’t think we’ll find it as terrifying as it looks to be;
anyhow, the proof of the pudding is in eating it, and I for one am going
up,” answers Brother Sloane. “Charlie, if you go I will go,” responds
his bosom friend and chum, Brother Haas. “There is no danger I will not
share with you, and perhaps we can see some mountain goats.”

“Or capture a deer,” adds Brother Denniston, who is keeping pretty close
to Miss Stradling, for that young lady looks as though she needs
sympathy and companionship in this trying ordeal.

“Do you think it’s safe, Charlie?” quietly inquires Mrs. Wyman of her
husband as we start to ascend to the landing where we board the car.
“Yes, perfectly safe,” replies Manager Wyman. “Human skill and ingenuity
can make it no safer. They claim they never had an accident since the
road has been in operation. The cable by which these cars are drawn has
been tested to stand a strain of 100 tons, and the cars when loaded do
not weigh five tons, so there is no danger at all.” “If I thought there
was the least danger I wouldn’t go up,” utters Brother Layfield, “but I
know there isn’t a bit.” Mrs. Layfield makes no comment, but clings
nervously to the Colonel’s arm. The rest of the party follow without any
apparent trepidation with the exception of “Alfalfa,” who looks a trifle
pale.

We are all comfortably seated in the “White Chariot” car, which is
constructed without canopy or covering, with seats arranged in
amphitheatre style, one above the other, facing the foot of the incline,
an excellent arrangement for affording an unobstructed view.

The signal is given, the machinery is set in motion, and quietly and
smoothly we start on our trip toward the sky.

“Those mountain peaks you see just beyond Rubio Cañon are called the
‘Rubio Amphitheatre,’” explains the guide who accompanied the car. “You
will notice that as we ascend those mountains seem to rise one after
another and follow us.” We did notice them; we were looking right at
them and couldn’t help it. It was an optical illusion that was rather
startling. We thought at first that the mountains would overtake us, but
they didn’t. “This is ‘Granite Gorge,’” continues the guide, as we enter
a great cut that rears its granite walls on

[Illustration: ECHO MOUNTAIN HOUSE AND CAR ON THE 48 PER CENT. GRADE,
MT. LOWE RAILWAY.]

either side of us and lose sight of the mountains that are chasing us.
“The workmen on this road were eight months in hewing this passage
through these rocks, and before a tie or rail was laid they had to
clamber to these rugged heights and carry their implements with them,
and much of the material used in the construction of the road, such as
water, cement, and lumber, had to be carried on the backs of burros and
on the shoulders of men. This bridge that we are now crossing is called
the MacPherson Trestle, and there is no other bridge like it in the
world. It is 200 feet long and 100 feet higher at one end than the
other. If it were not for the clouds you could obtain a good scenic view
from here.” Clouds! We had not thought of it before, so interested were
we in the talk of our guide, but we notice now that the sun is shining,
and looking up we see no vestige of a cloud in the bright, blue sky
above.

Looking again, beneath and beyond us, such a sight meets our gaze as our
eyes had never rested on before. A vast white sea of billowy vapor
overhangs the great San Gabriel Valley and hides it from our view. This
alone is worth the trip to see--an immense heaving sea of clouds, an
ocean of fleecy vapor billows that surge and roll and toss as though
seeking for a shore of sand and rock upon which to spend their restless
force. Halting at the summit of the great cable incline, we find we have
arrived at the Echo Mountain House, where we change cars, taking an
electric road called the Alpine Division of the Mt. Lowe Railway, which
extends from Echo Mountain to Mt. Lowe Springs, where “Ye Alpine Tavern”
is located.

As we board the Alpine Division observation car I again cast my eyes
over toward the San Gabriel Valley, where a few minutes before we had
beheld the battle of the clouds. What a grand transformation! The clouds
have been dispersed as though by magic, and lying spread out in the
valley 3500 feet beneath us is a panorama of such incomparable and
inconceivable beauty and loveliness that we gaze for a moment
enraptured, speechless, spellbound, dazed. They must be all looking, for
there hasn’t been a word uttered for a minute. I am feasting my eyes on
the supreme beauty of the scenery and drinking deeply at the fountain of
delight; at the same time I’m trying to count the squares in the city of
Pasadena and the orange groves that dot the valley. “It’s all there, but
it’s a good ways off,” remarks Charlie Sloane, breaking the spell of
silence. “My gracious! isn’t that fine? It beats looking across Jersey
through the crown of Billy Penn’s hat,” exclaims George Alfalfa in a
guarded tone.

The electric current is turned on, our car starts quietly off, and for
four miles we pass over the most wonderfully constructed railway in the
world. We do not go very fast--in fact, we would rather not, for taking
everything into consideration this is not very good ground for
“scorching,” and going at a gentle, easy pace lessens our chances of
being rolled a few thousand feet down the side of a mountain. Not that
any of us are afraid of being “dumped”; we didn’t come up here to be
scared, but out of curiosity to see what it is like, and the more slowly
the car moves the better able we are to see and the longer we can look
at what we do see.

This entire roadbed, hewn out of the sides of the mountain, forms a
solid granite ledge upon which the

[Illustration: MT. LOWE RAILWAY, CALIFORNIA.]

road is built, and it is always a towering wall of rock on one side and
a yawning chasm on the other. To this there is but one exception, the
“Grand Circular Bridge.” From this structure you can look from both
sides down into the depths. If you don’t want to look you can shut your
eyes.

Professor Lowe has constructed this railway at a cost of many hundred
thousand dollars to enable tourists to penetrate the heart of the Sierra
Madre Mountain, that they may form some conception of what an isolated
mountain wilderness is like. It is all here and ever-present, in
boundless, grand profusion--mountains, wilderness, isolation--an
awe-inspiring, infinite trinity of grandeur, that almost makes your head
swim and your heart stand still. Our tracks shelve the very summit of
the sloping walls of mighty cañons, and you can look down 3000 feet into
their wooded depths.

We arrive in due time at Mt. Lowe Springs, the terminus of the road, and
are 5000 feet above the level of the sea. From here we can see the
summit of Mt. Lowe, two miles away and 1000 feet above us. It is
intended to extend the tracks to this point in the near future. A bridle
path leads to it, and you can make the trip now on the back of a burro.
A pathway leads to “Inspiration Point,” half a mile away, from which it
is said magnificent views can be had. Our time is limited; we hasten to
the famous spring, drink of its ice-cold water, and then visit the
homelike, cozy club house, “Ye Alpine Tavern,” and give it a hurried
inspection.

Nestling among giant oaks and pines, it occupies a romantic and
picturesque location; in style of architecture it is attractive and
unique, being something on the order of a Swiss chalet. It is two and a
half stories in height, with ground dimensions of 40 by 80 feet;
contains 20 bed rooms, a large dining room, billiard hall, and kitchen.
It is built of granite and Oregon pine, finished in the natural color of
the wood. The design of the main hall or dining room is the most
striking feature connected with the construction of the building.
Artistically located around the room in uniform order are five cheerful
open fireplaces, in the largest of which swings a mammoth iron pot on a
huge crane. It is 7 feet high and 12 feet wide. Blocks of granite have
been placed in its corners for seats, and over the mantel above it is
the somewhat flattering but old-time hospitable inscription, “YE
ORNAMENT OF A HOUSE IS YE GUEST WHO DOTH FREQUENT IT.” On one side of
this mantel is a brick oven of ancient design; on the other side is a
receptacle of peculiar and unique construction and suspicious
appearance, which no doubt contains the liquid nourishment of the
establishment.

“I wonder what they keep in this funny-looking cupboard,” whispers
Brother Kilgore in my ear, as we were looking around in the dining room.

“Suppose we look and see,” I reply, as I attempt to open the door. “No,
you don’t; it’s fastened. I’ll see who’s got the key,” is the rejoinder
as he hurriedly walks away. Passing outside, I notice a number of the
party are getting aboard the car, and as I join them the motorman shouts
“All aboard.” “Are our people all here?” asks Manager Wyman, as he casts
his eyes over the crowd. “Brother Denniston isn’t here. I think he went
to Inspiration Point,” replies Brother Barrett. “Nor Brother Kilgore,” I
add. “He went to look for a

[Illustration: CIRCULAR BRIDGE, MT. LOWE RAILWAY, CALIFORNIA.]

man with a key.” “I’m here,” says Brother Kilgore, as he emerges from
the door of the “Tavern,” wiping his mouth in a suspicious manner; at
the same time Brother Denniston and his “company” are seen coming from
toward the “spring” and soon we are “all aboard” and “homeward bound.”
At one point on our descent three or four mountain goats are seen on the
track ahead of us, but on our approach they quickly disappear from sight
in the thicket. It is with difficulty that Brothers Sloane and Haas can
be restrained from leaping overboard and giving chase. Thirty minutes
stop at Echo Mountain gives us an opportunity of visiting the beautiful
hotel at this point, the “Echo Mountain House,” which is located on the
summit of Echo Mountain and is said to be one of the finest equipped
mountain hotels in the world. From its veranda and balcony hundreds of
visitors daily view with rapture and delight the wonderful scenery of
the San Gabriel Valley and its surroundings. A small cannon fired off on
the lawn has a startling effect, and proves that the mountain is not
misnamed. The report echoes from peak to peak and then seems to go
bounding and tumbling down the cañons and ravines, growing fainter and
fainter until it gradually dies away in the distance.

The great “World’s Fair search light,” purchased by Professor Lowe and
established on Echo Mountain, is operated nightly for the pleasure and
entertainment of visitors. The power of its light is that of 3,000,000
candles and its rays can be seen for 150 miles on the Pacific Ocean. Its
beams falling upon a newspaper 35 miles away will enable a person to
easily read it. Our time is up, and boarding the “White Chariot” we
commence our descent of the great cable incline, reaching the bottom in
safety. A photographer is on hand and “pressed the button” on the car
and contents.

On our trip to and fro to-day we passed in sight of the beautiful home
of Professor Lowe, near Pasadena, and returning I had the pleasure and
honor of meeting and conversing with him during the twenty minutes we
rode together on the Pasadena and Los Angeles Electric Railway. I was
introduced to the professor by Brother Edward Butcher, and we took a
seat together. He is a large man of fine appearance and carries himself
with the graceful mien of a brigadier-general; his eye is bright and
kind, his voice gentle and agreeable, and we are the best of friends in
a minute. “Professor,” I remarked, “there are but a very few of the
people, I warrant, who ascend that marvelous cable incline, who enjoy
the pleasure and excitement of that unequaled ride among the wild,
magnificent mountain scenery of your Alpine Division on a comfortable
trolley car, that ever give a second thought to the men who endured
hardships and risked their lives to even survey a road like that. I have
thought of this several times to-day, and would like to ask how you ever
induced men to traverse those cliffs and peaks and cañon walls, where a
mountain goat can hardly secure a footing?” “Well,” answered the
professor, “you know there are no hardships so severe they will not be
endured, no risks so great they will not be taken, if only men have a
leader to follow and are well paid for following him. Long before a
measurement was taken or a stake was driven, when the idea that such a
road were possible first entered my mind, I spent many days with only an
employed attendant my companion,

[Illustration: YE ALPINE TAVERN, MT. LOWE, CALIFORNIA.]

in making my way from Rubio Cañon to the crest of the highest peak along
the route which you traveled with so much pleasure to-day in less than
90 minutes. I headed every surveying party that went out in the interest
of the enterprise. I have personally directed all the operations that
have required engineering skill and experience; I have expended almost
one and a half millions of dollars, and my work isn’t completed yet.”
“That is an enormous sum of money to invest in a venture, or rather an
experiment, that you don’t know will pay till you try it,” I ventured to
assert, while secretly admiring the indomitable courage and spirit of
the man. “Yes, it is a great deal of money,” was the reply, and I
imagined that a sigh accompanied the words. “As a financial scheme I
believe it will be a failure. I have no hope of ever getting out of it
what money I have put in it, but to me this is only a secondary matter.
I’ve watched a vague visionary dream grow into a bright reality; I’ve
had cherished theories, condemned as insane and impracticable, converted
into substantial facts; I have solved the greatest engineering and
mechanical problems that ever taxed the brain of man; I’ve won the
hardest, toughest intellectual battle that ever was fought; I’ve had an
all-absorbing ambition gratified, and I feel that I have, in a measure,
got the worth of my money.” As the professor ceased speaking there was a
bright look in his eye and a happy expression on his countenance as
though it were a great pleasure to reflect on the great work he had
accomplished. The car was approaching his destination; he arose to go
and extended his hand. As I took it he said, “When you come again you
can extend your ride to the summit of the mountain, for I propose to
complete the work in a short time; and you must stay longer, for in your
hurried trip to-day there is much you didn’t see, and I would wish that
you could see it all; goodbye.” The car stopped and he was gone. As he
disappeared from view I said to myself, “There goes a wonderful man.”

Continuing a few blocks further we left the car and visited the Chamber
of Commerce and spent half an hour among its interesting relics and
curiosities. When we reach our train the most of our people are there,
the time for starting being almost up. We bid adieu to the kind friends
we have made while here, and who did all they could to make our short
stay a pleasant one, and at 5.00 P. M. Eastern (2.00 P. M. Pacific) we
pull out of the station at Los Angeles bound for San Francisco and the
“Golden Gate,” 482 miles away.

We are still on the Southern Pacific’s famous “Sunset Route,” which we
have followed since leaving Sierra Blanca. S. P. engine No. 1826 is
pulling us, with Engineer Charlie Hill at the throttle. She is fired by
E. Homes, who has a hard task on hand, for there are steep grades to
climb and our train is heavy. William Perkins is conducting the train;
the brakemen are J. B. Freet and F. W. Bunnell. These three gentlemen
are brothers of the “Order” and members of El Capitan Division No. 115,
of San Francisco. They are members of the entertainment committee from
that division and have been selected to run our train that they may be
able to look after our welfare. J. C. Fielding, also a member of El
Capitan Division and of the committee, is a guest on the train, along
with Brother Twist,

[Illustration: T. S. C. LOWE.]

of Golden Gate Division No. 364, of Oakland, Cal., also a member of the
committee.

Following the course of Los Angeles River as we leave the “City of
Angels” behind us, we pass for quite a distance through a fine farming
country, where hundreds of acres of barley are being gathered for hay
into great heaps and stacks.

“Brother Freet,” I ask, as we sit near the wide-open door of the baggage
compartment looking out on the fleeting landscape, “do they feed their
stock altogether on barley hay in California?” “Not entirely. What makes
you think so?” is the inquiring answer. “It looks so from the fact that
in all the arable country we have passed through since entering this
State, outside of fruit and flower culture, I have noticed no other
product than barley, with the exception of a few patches of alfalfa
grass,” I reply. “You are right,” is the response, “so far as concerns
that part of the country you have seen; although if you traverse the
State from end to end you will see comparatively little of it. There are
sections of California where abundant crops of corn are raised, but
while it has never achieved distinction as a corn producing State, it is
second to no State in the Union in its yield of wheat. The entire area
of the State of Indiana would be insufficient to cover the wheat fields
of California, which yielded last year almost 40,000,000 bushels; but
speaking of barley, cut as it is in a green state after the grain has
formed and cured for hay, it makes a valuable and nourishing food for
stock, upon which they will fatten without additional grain feed.”

Since leaving Los Angeles our course has been upward, and now as we
pass the little station of Fernando, we are close to the San Fernando
Range, 25 miles northwest of Los Angeles and over 1100 feet above it. A
tunnel one and one-quarter miles in length pierces the above-named
range, and into this we now plunge. It is a dark hole, an undesirable
place to be; our train runs slowly, and the cars become filled with
smoke and gas that is almost suffocating; we do no talking and as little
breathing as possible for an interval of ten or twelve minutes, when we
again emerge into the open air and sunshine and breathe freely once
more. We have left the scenes of agricultural industry behind us and
again enter a region of unproductive sterility and aridity. We pass
through the little town of Saugus, from which place a branch road runs
to Santa Barbara, yet the country don’t improve. We are strongly
reminded of the Colorado Desert: alkali dust, glaring sand, stunted sage
brush, and cactus on every hand. The elevation here is about 3000 feet
higher than the Colorado Desert, but the conditions seem about the same.

Midway between Saugus and Mojave we enter the western border of the
Great Mojave Desert, which we follow for several miles; here we are
treated to novel, interesting, and remarkable scenery. On the right as
far as the range of vision extends stretches the vast Mojave Desert,
with its lavish growth of magnificent giant cactus, many of them from 25
to 40 feet in height, with branched and bushy tops, from the centre of
which in many cases can be seen protruding an immense pinkish bloom.

This great desert, with its wonderful and peculiar plant life, extends,
we are told, away off hundreds of miles into Nevada and Arizona. On the
left the scenery is different. You gaze off and across the great
Antelope Valley, 80 miles in width, level as a floor and almost devoid
of tree or bush. It looks brown and barren, but we are informed it is
considered good grazing territory. The grass, though dead and dry at
certain seasons of the year, like that of the San Simon Valley in
Arizona, retains all its nutritious qualities and flavor, and stock feed
upon it with apparent relish.

Owing to unfavorable natural conditions and surroundings, it is hardly
expected that we will encounter a very extensive population, but what
few people we do meet who are residents of the country are principally
employees of the railroad company, around whose stations usually cluster
a group of snug and neat-looking cottages built by the company for the
use of the men and their families. Good water can be obtained at a
reasonable depth, and wind mills are used for pumping. Patches of ground
are irrigated and cultivated, upon which are grown flowers, fruit, and
vegetables. Our train slows up and stops for water at one of these oases
in the desert, and looking out the window I discover that it is quite a
town. A number of our people have left the train and are looking around.

Alighting from the train in front of the station I look up and see the
old familiar homelike name of Lancaster above the door. Everything bears
evidence of thrift and good living, even to an almost empty ice-cream
can that sits inside the waiting-room door, and which, with other
things, is being inspected and investigated. Time is up, “All aboard” is
shouted, we scramble on, and as the train moves off Brother Houston,
who is fast in the ice-cream can, came near being left. At Mojave,
another thrifty town of considerable size, where connections are made
with the Atlantic and Pacific Railway, our train stops to attach a
helper engine. After a delay of five minutes we resume our journey,
assisted by Engineer Cain and Fireman Curren with engine No. 1808.

As we leave Mojave it is growing dusk, and by the time we reach the
summit of the grade and stop at Tehachapi it has become quite dark. This
we all exceedingly regret, for we are now about to enter upon the most
wonderful and interesting 33 miles of road on the whole Southern Pacific
system, where we drop from an elevation of 4025 feet to that of 672.
Making the descent of 3553 feet requires an almost continual application
of the air brakes, which heats the brake shoes red hot and makes the
fire fly. We feel concerned and wish we could see. We know at one time
we are going around a sharp curve and at another time pitching down a
grade much steeper than usual, and very often we find we are doing both
at one and the same time. We look out of the window on one side and see
a towering mountain wall, so near you can touch it with your hand; we
look out on the other side, and see nothing, only a seemingly
illimitable depth, filled with darkness and uncertainty; and this is the
grand, picturesque Tehachapi Pass, whose sinuous windings, devious ways,
complex maneuvering, and bewildering curves compels the railroad to run
over top and underneath itself, forming the extraordinary famous Loop.

We had heard much of it, and we all expected to see it; our only hope
and desire now is to get safely away from it and beyond it to straight
track and level country once more. All good things must have an ending,
and bad things can’t last forever, so the novelty and excitement of our
toboggan-like mountain ride and its two hours’ suspense is over as our
train stops at Bakersfield, where another change of engines is made.

It is now past midnight in Philadelphia, 12.50 A. M.; at Bakersfield it
is only 9.50 P. M., but many of our people are retiring, for it has been
a day fraught with pleasure and excitement, wearing both on the mind and
body, and we all need rest and plenty of it to prepare us for the
approaching morrow. “Captain,” I said, as Brother Perkins came down the
curtained aisle of the “Marco,” while I was wrestling with a refractory
collar button preparing to turn in, “will you kindly give me the number
of the engine that is drawing us and the names of the engineer and
fireman? I am trying to keep a record of the engines and crews that
handle us, and I don’t wish to miss any.” “Certainly,” is the response;
“we have engine No. 1417 that runs to Mendota, 140 miles; the engineer’s
and fireman’s names are Cole; the Cole Boys we call them--good, lively
fellows.” “With two live Coles in the cab and lots of them in the
firebox, I guess we will reach Mendota on time,” came the smothered
comment in a drowsy tone from the berth of Manager Wyman.


FRIDAY, MAY 21st.

Awakened this morning about six o’clock by Mrs. S., always an early
riser, who exclaims, “Get up! get up! we’re almost there.” “Almost
where, my dear?” I sleepily inquire. “I don’t know where, but Mr.
Terry, Mr. Brown, Mr. Horner, and Mr. Springer are all up, and they say
we are nearly there,” she answers. I turn over, raise the blind, and
look out of the window. “And Mr. McDonald says we’re going to have an
early breakfast,” she adds, as she retreats down the aisle. That last
information she knows will fetch me if nothing else will, but I’m still
looking out of the window wondering where we are; thought at first we
had lost our way in the intricate descent of the Tehachapi Range, got
tangled up in the Loop, turned around, and were again entering Los
Angeles.

What magic had been at work during the night? The world outside is
teeming with verdant vegetation. Fruit-laden trees, rose-burdened
bushes, green grass, and flowers everywhere. I quickly roll out of my
berth and dress, or rather I nearly roll out of my berth while quickly
dressing, for one inconvenience of this way of living is, you’ve got to
dress and then get out of bed, watching yourself very closely that you
don’t involuntarily get out before you’re ready, for when, with one leg
in your pants and about to put the other one in, your car hits a curve,
_look out_.

The first person I meet as I enter the smoker is the conductor who is
running the train. “Good morning, captain; where are we?” I ask. “We are
entering Port Costa, 25 miles from Oakland,” he answers. “Have you time
to give me the number of your engine and the names of your crew?” I
inquire, with every-ready notebook in hand, as he was about turning
away, for the train is stopping at the station. “We left Mendota this
morning at two o’clock with engine No. 1408, Engineer Edwards, Fireman
Duran, Brakemen Owen and Todd,

[Illustration: GEORGE W. BROWN, OF THE COMMITTEE.]

and my name is Schu,” he hurriedly said as he left the car and enters
the telegraph office. In a short time Conductor Schu comes out of the
office with train orders and our train is soon on its way again.

At 10.30 A. M. Eastern (7.30 Pacific) we reach Oakland (Sixteenth
Street), where we lay for an hour and a half. It is a tedious wait. We
cannot leave the train, for we do not know at what minute it might
conclude to go, and none of us want to get left. We stroll around, first
on one side of the train and then on the other, keeping one eye on it
for fear it will get away from us and careful not to get too far out of
its reach. We can see that Oakland is a large and beautiful city, and
learn that it has a population of 60,000 inhabitants; a place where
flowers bloom on the lawns, fruits mature in the orchards, vegetables
grow in the gardens, and grains are harvested in the fields each and
every month in the year. It has mountain scenery back of it and an ocean
view in front of it; another blooming paradise where desolating storms
are unknown and frosts and snows are never seen.

Finding our train about to move we all get aboard and in a few minutes
are landed at Oakland Pier, where we wait half an hour for a boat to
convey us eight miles across the bay to San Francisco. We employ the
time in looking about the large, commodious waiting room that overlooks
the harbor. We can’t help noticing that this apartment contains
something that is never seen in a station waiting room on the
Pennsylvania Railroad system. A profusion of advertisements of all kinds
literally cover the walls, and occupying a space in the centre of the
floor is a large glass case containing a pyramid of bottles filled with
liquors of various kinds and brands, advertising the goods of a whiskey
firm down on Front Street. It is needless to say that there is a railing
around the exhibit and the door of the case is locked. One of the ticket
collectors, an active old gentleman, quick in his movements as a boy,
informs us that he has been in his present position for nineteen years;
and although seventy years old, the climate is so healthy he feels that
he is growing younger every day.

It is announced that the boat is now ready, and we “walk the plank”
leading to the deck of the “Oakland,” which is soon plowing a furrow in
the waters of the bay as she heads for the “Queen City” of the Pacific.
It is not such a boat ride as one can term “lovely”; it is not even
agreeable. A chilly gale sweeps the deck that almost lifts you off your
feet. “Golly, it’s worse than a trip from Camden to Philadelphia in
December,” exclaims Brother Goff, as he turns up the collar of his coat.
“Or one from Jersey City to New York in February,” adds Brother
McKernan, seeking refuge behind a post. The most of us retire to the
more comfortable quarters of the cabin, where we find enjoyment in
viewing from the windows the immense bay and harbor, where are anchored
hundreds of vessels of all kinds and sizes. As the “Oakland” pokes her
nose against the San Francisco dock I look at my watch; it is 9.55 A.
M., Pacific time. We have just been twenty minutes coming across. A
speed of a mile in two and a half minutes is a pretty lively gait for a
ferryboat, but we are told the “Oakland” does it every trip. Under the
escort of Brother Perkins, we are loaded into cable cars and start on
our way to Sutro Garden and Golden Gate Park.

I believe there’s hardly three squares of a level street in the whole
city of San Francisco. Such hills as we go up and such hills as we go
down we never saw in any city before. “Why, this is ten times worse than
Baltimore, and it’s bad enough, dear knows,” exclaims Mrs. Kalkman as
she catches Brother Cohee around the neck to save herself from falling
off the seat as the car shoots up an unusually steep acclivity. “Here,
here, don’t be so affectionate; Brother Kalkman and Mrs. Cohee are
looking at you,” warns Brother Cohee. “As if I’d hug you on purpose,”
she retorts, giving him a look of scorn. In many streets a horse and
wagon has never been seen; it would be impossible for a horse to draw a
wagon up those abrupt granite-paved hills. With the cable car almost on
end, we are descending one of those “shoot the chute” like declivities
extending for about three blocks, when I overhear a passenger, evidently
a resident of the neighborhood, say to Mrs. Shaw, who has “struck up” a
conversation with her, “We had a fire here in our neighborhood a short
time ago, and a driver of one of the fire engines tried to bring it down
this hill, when one of the horses fell down and the engine ran over it
and killed it, and it broke the engine all up and hurt the man; it was
just awful.” The car stops at the next corner and the woman gets off;
glancing back at the hill we have just descended her closing words,
“just awful,” strike me as being very appropriate.

A few squares further and we abandon the cable cars and take a little
steam road called the “Ferries and Cliff” Railroad that carries us to
Sutro Park and bathing pavilion, owned by Adolph Sutro, a retired
millionaire merchant of San Francisco, and to the celebrated Cliff
House, near which are the far-famed Seal Rocks. We wandered for a time
through the beautifully laid out statuary, shrubbery, and flower-adorned
grounds of Sutro, then to the great pavilion, that not only contains a
large museum of interesting relics and curiosities, but it is here that
the noted Sutro baths are located, said to be the finest equipped
artificial bathing pools in the world.

We cannot stand the temptation, and soon many of us are robed in bathing
suits and are diving, plunging, rolling, and splashing in the salt
waters of the Pacific, brought here and warmed to the proper
temperature, permitting bathing to be indulged in the entire year. It is
needless to say that we have lots of sport, and those who decline to
indulge will regret it. There are several strangers in the pool, and
Brother Sheppard has taken quite a fancy to one young fellow, whom he is
trying to learn to swim and dive. In an adjoining pool is rather a
forlorn-looking duck; it must be tame, for it is quietly swimming around
undisturbed by the noise we make. “I think it’s hungry,” says Brother
McCarty, “I wish I had some crumbs.” The creature must have heard him,
for we imagine it gave him a grateful look.

From the baths we go to the Cliff House, and from the windows of the
inclosed balcony, that almost overhangs the waves that dash and roar on
the rocks beneath, we watch with interest the monster seals that by the
hundreds climb and crawl and slip and slide over the crags that rise
from the bay, while we regale ourselves with pork and beans and coffee.
There is a strong, chilly wind blowing, and we do not tarry long on the
bluff outside that overlooks the bay and seals.

[Illustration: NEW CLIFF HOUSE AND SEAL ROCKS, SAN FRANCISCO.]

It is twenty minutes past two as we get aboard a train on the Park and
Ocean Railroad that will convey us to Golden Gate Park. We do not find
this world-famed park very different in appearance from other parks we
have seen. It is all nice--very nice; beautiful trees and plants and
shrubbery, velvety green grass and bright blooming flowers, fine
fountains and lakes of shimmering water. All this we see and enjoy, but
we have seen the like before, time and time again. Some are bold enough
to so express themselves, and it catches Brother Perkins’ ear, who
good-naturedly says, “My dear friends, there is but one Golden Gate Park
in all the world. There are 1040 acres here of as fine a park as there
is anywhere under the sun, and when we consider that 25 years ago this
was all a barren tract of drifting sand hills, that everything you see
growing has been planted and is kept alive and green and blooming by a
regular and almost constant application of water, when you remember
this, then you will feel and think that this park is a little different
from any other that you have seen.”

We had already commenced to think it was. Amongst groves of trees are
great inclosures containing native buffalo, elk, and deer, with so much
room to roam that they hardly feel the restraint of captivity. We enter
the immense aviaries, where many varieties of birds and squirrels flit
and chirp and scamper and chatter with all the freedom and unconcern of
an unlimited out-door life. As we leave this great cage with its
sprightly, vociferous occupants I hear Brother Reilly say, “McCarty has
got a ‘mash.’” I don’t quite know what it is that Brother McCarty has
got, but suppose it is some escaped animal or bird he has captured. I
turn and look, to find him surrounded by ladies of our party, who seem
to be trying to protect him from impending harm. Looking closer, I see
disappearing among the shrubbery McCarty’s “mash,” the cause of all the
trouble, and it is only the poor bedraggled duck of Sutro’s bath that
Brother McCarty had thought looked hungry, and our ladies had scared it
off. Brother Reagan would have recaptured it but for Miss Ella’s
restraining hand, and the curiosity is lost.

We are all pretty tired when at last the street cars are boarded and we
are on our way to the ferry. Some are going to return to our train,
which lies in Oakland, and some will remain in this city. Mrs. S. and
myself called on Mrs. David Chambers, who, with her son and daughter,
Willie and Effie, live on Mission Street. Years ago Mrs. Chambers and
her family were neighbors to us in West Chester, Pa. Willie, when but a
lad, was advised to try the climate of the Pacific coast for his health.
He found both health and lucrative employment. Ten years ago he sent
East for his mother and sister. We find them to-day enjoying excellent
health and nicely and comfortably fixed. We are given a warm, cordial
welcome and persuaded to spend the night with them.

In the evening after dinner Willie took me out to see the town. The
ladies declined to go, preferring to remain indoors and talk over old
times. Met Leslie Collom, a young gentleman friend of the Chambers’, but
he having other engagements could not go. Willie knows the town and I
follow where he leads. It has long been a desire with me to see San
Francisco’s

[Illustration: PARAPET, SUTRO HEIGHTS, SAN FRANCISCO.]

“_Chinatown_,” and for three hours we explore its darkness and its
mysteries. We do not attempt to go very far up and we don’t try to get
very far down--we steer about on a level; but we see enough to convince
me that Chinatown is all that it is said to be. You don’t have to ascend
into rickety, reeking lofts or descend into gloomy, foul dens to witness
their degradation, weakness, and misery; far back in dark, forbidding
alleys and bystreets, which make your flesh creep to traverse, you can
find them huddled together on benches and shelves, like chickens on a
roost, enveloped in disgusting, stupefying smoke.

On our way home we dropped into a private museum and saw one of the
rarest and most wonderful pieces of Japanese art in the world, a
realistic, life-size statue of a man carved from wood. It is claimed
that this work has been examined by learned scientific men, skilled in
anatomy and physiology, and not a line or lineament of the skin surface
of the human body has been omitted in this delicate, intricate carving.
The finger nails are there and all the fine lines that can be traced on
the inside of the hand and fingers. There are many lines on the surface
of the human body that require the aid of a magnifying glass to discern;
with the glass all these lines can be seen carved on this wonderful
piece of art. It is midnight when we get home, and, thoroughly tired, we
are soon in bed and in the land of dreams.


SATURDAY, MAY 22d.

Arose this morning about half-past six, and after breakfast, accompanied
by Leslie Collom, went to the Palace Hotel, where we met Brothers Wyman
and Layfield with their ladies. Brother Wyman had planned a trip to San
José and was expecting others of the party, but a number of them being
exhausted, worn out by an all night’s effort to explore the length,
breadth, height, and depth of Chinatown, were still in bed. The others
were too much interested in the beautiful city of Oakland and its
environments to come, for we hear the good people over there are showing
them a royal time, the municipal authorities giving them the freedom of
the city and the railway company the freedom of their lines. Finding
that no others are coming, we six board a Southern Pacific train on the
Coast Division, that extends from San Francisco to Monterey, bound for
San José, a ride of fifty miles. Mr. Collom is a very much appreciated
member of our little party, as he points out from time to time much that
interests us. As the train pulls out through the city he shows us the
church where Blanche Lamont and Minnie Williams were found murdered and
a little further on he points out the house where Durrant, the convicted
murderer had lived.

The road runs between the ocean and the bay and as we pass the station
of Ocean View a broad expanse of the Pacific greets our vision. At Baden
we get pretty close to the shore of the bay and follow it until we leave
Burlingame, a distance of about eight miles. We pass Menlo Park and Palo
Alto, when our attention is called by Mr. Collom to a group of
low-built, red-roofed, substantial-looking buildings, a short distance
from the road on our right, almost hidden from view by the trees that
cluster about them. “That,” says Mr. Collom, “is the renowned Leland
Stanford University, founded in 1885 by the multi-millionaire Leland
Stanford and his wife as a monument to the memory of their only child,
Leland, Jr., who had died a short time before. Eighty-three thousand
acres of land, valued at $20,000,000, was dedicated by a deed of trust
for the establishment of this institution. Mr. Stanford selected the
site for the location of the buildings, and the corner stone was laid in
1887, ten years ago. Last year the school register showed an enrollment
of 1100 pupils. Tuition is free, both males and females are admitted,
and the students are from all parts of America.”

As we leave Mountain View Station Mr. Collom suggests that we now give
the scenery on the left of the train our attention, at the same time
pointing out in the far distance a mountain peak, saying, “San José is
10 miles from here, and almost on a direct line with this point, and the
crest of that mountain, 30 miles away, is Mt. Hamilton, where the famous
Lick Observatory is located. It has an elevation of almost 4500 feet,
and if you only had time to go up there it is a trip worth taking.”

Leaving Santa Clara Station we pass near a large, fine park, among the
trees of which can be seen beautiful, substantial buildings. “That is
Santa Clara Female College,” said Mr. Collom.

The train now enters San José, and we alight at the station. A “Vendome”
hack is in waiting, which we enter, and are driven to that superb
hostelry, said to be one of the finest hotels in California. It is
situated in the centre of a beautiful 12-acre park, only a short
distance from the railroad station. Not having long to stay, after a few
minutes rest we bid the genial host good-day and start out for a little
walk.

“We will return by the narrow-gauge road,” says Brother Wyman, “if we
can find the station.” “A man told me a little while ago that it is only
five blocks over in this direction,” replies the Colonel, indicating
with his finger the way we should go. “Yes, the narrow-gauge road runs
through that part of the town, but I think you will find it farther than
five blocks,” remarks Mr. Collom. “Well, we want to see the town,
anyway, and we’ll take our time,” responded the Colonel. “This is a
pretty large town as well as a pretty old one, is it not, Mr. Collom?” I
ask. “Yes,” is the answer. “It was first settled when Santa Clara
Mission was founded, 120 years ago. It has now a population of about
25,000, and is the county seat of Santa Clara County, one of the richest
counties in agricultural products and fruits in the State. Because of
the wealth of fertility surrounding it San José has long been known as
the ‘Garden City’ of California.”

Sauntering along, with our eyes wide open for the sights of the town,
and keeping as much in the shade as possible, for the sun shines very
warm, we are getting all the enjoyment out of the situation possible;
but things are becoming less interesting. We are all hungry and the
ladies are becoming tired; we have already come seven blocks, and the
Colonel says, “We are nearly there; but to be sure of it I will ask this
man,” he adds, as a man leading a horse came around the corner toward
us. “My good man,” says the Colonel, “can you tell us how far it is to
the narrow-gauge railroad station from here?” “Yes, sir; ’bout five
blocks,” is the answer. “You’re sure it’s not ten?” retorts Brother
Wyman; but the man and horse, never stopping, were out of range, and the
shot missed the mark.

“I’m hungry,” exclaims Mrs. Wyman. “So am I,” I add. “I guess we can all
eat if we have a chance,” asserts Brother Wyman. “We’ll look for a
restaurant,” says the Colonel. A walk of two squares farther brings us
to the looked-for establishment, which we enter, and after partaking of
a substantial lunch, I ask the man at the desk, and I try to do it
without feeling or agitation, making just the plain, quiet inquiry,
“Will you tell us, please, how far it is to the narrow-gauge railroad
station?” “Five blocks straight ahead,” is the pleasant, quiet reply, as
he waves his hand in the direction we are to go. Not a word from one of
our party. I take a second look at the man to see if I can discover in
that pleasant countenance the least shadow of deception; it is as
innocent and guileless as the face of day.

We silently leave the place, and as we start up the street Mrs.
Layfield, taking the Colonel’s arm, gently asks, “John, are we going to
walk to San Francisco?” “Not if we can find the station,” says the
Colonel.

We enter the large store of a wine merchant to look around, and are
courteously treated by the gentlemanly proprietor, who gave the ladies
each a bottle of wine. We have come four blocks and a half since lunch
and are looking for the station, when suddenly the Colonel exclaims,
“There’s the road; I thought that last fellow was telling the truth.”
“But that’s not the road we want; that’s a trolley road,” replies
Brother Wyman. “So it is,” admits the Colonel; “but there’s a man; I’ll
ask him,” he adds, referring to a man in uniform who was leaning up
against the fence.

“For Lord’s sake,” pleads the Colonel, “will you tell us how far it is
to the narrow-gauge railroad station?” “About a square and a half,”
answers the man, smiling at the Colonel’s earnestness, “Are you sure
it’s no further than that?” asks the Colonel. “Quite sure,” is the
reply. “How soon can we get a train for San Francisco?” inquires Manager
Wyman. “In about an hour and a half. Where’re you from?” he answers and
asks at the same time. “From Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Where’s your
road go?” imitates Brother Wyman. The man laughs. “I’m unable to take
you home, for I don’t go that far,” he replies, “but I can take you
several miles and back through as fine a fruit country as you ever saw.
I am waiting to relieve the man on the car you see coming, and in a few
minutes I will be going back. The fare is only a nickel,” he adds, as a
hint that we musn’t expect to “deadhead” it.

We conclude to go, to pass the time away, for we can easily get back in
time to catch our train. So we get aboard the car, pay our nickel, and
ride for several miles to a place called the Willows, which is the
terminus of the road. Here is located an immense cherry orchard, where
the crop is being gathered and crated ready for shipment to Eastern
markets.

We are invited to help ourselves; it is half an hour before our car
starts back and we have time to accept the invitation. The ripest
cherries are the ones the packers reject, so we assisted the packers for
several minutes picking out the ripe cherries and packing them while the
packers packed the ones we didn’t pick. When we got tired of packing we
quit picking, and thanking the good people for the treat, we board the
car again and are soon spinning up the line among the apricot and cherry
orchards, the trees loaded with fruit.

Arriving at our destination, we bid our friend, the conductor, goodbye,
and in a few minutes we reach the much-inquired-for “narrow-gauge
railroad station,” where we wait half an hour for the train. We find the
track composed of three rails; and as though to demonstrate to us the
use of the third rail, a freight train comes along made up of both
narrow and broad-gauge cars. It looks odd, for it is something we had
never seen before, and as the strange combination passes down the road
the Colonel remarks, “There is nothing but what we may expect to see.”

In due time our train pulls into the station and we are soon seated in a
comfortable narrow-gauge coach and speeding toward Oakland. There are
many beautiful towns and residences located on this line, and as we draw
nearer its termination this fact becomes more noticeable, the town of
Alameda, through which we pass, possessing all the loveliness of a
fairyland with its palatial residences and magnificent lawns.

Oakland, the “Athens of the Pacific,” is reached at last, and knowing
how fascinating and grand it is and how royally our people are being
treated, I am loath to leave; but our friends on the other side await
our coming, and bidding the manager, the Colonel, and the ladies good
night, Mr. Collom and I hie away to the ferry and across the bay, nor
stop until we are seated in Mrs. Chambers’ cozy dining room, appeasing
our appetites while recounting the incidents of the day. After dinner
Willie took his mother, Mrs. Shaw, and myself out to give us a view of
the city lights from “Park Heights.” A ride on the cable cars and
several changes brought us in about forty minutes to the “Heights.”

From this high eminence we look down on a sight of unusual novelty and
grandeur. Spread out far beneath us is almost the entire city of San
Francisco, but the buildings are not visible, not one, only the millions
of bright, star-like lights that enable you to trace the streets and
mark the squares, and that twinkle and gleam from beneath like unto the
gems that beam down upon you from above. We look up, through a cloudless
atmosphere, and behold a firmament filled with brilliant, glittering
gems; we look down, and see what almost seems a reflection of what we
see above. Man, we know, is the author of all this grandeur that we see
beneath, but as to the Author of that magnificence far above we can but
speculate.

Willie sees we are growing serious and says we need a change, so he
leads us around to the entrance that admits to the scenic railway,
chutes, haunted swing, and skating rink, where for an hour we have a
world of fun; so pleased are the ladies with the toboggan and the chutes
that it is with difficulty we get them started home. We have had another
full day, and when at eleven o’clock I find myself in bed, I discover
that I am very tired. After the excitement and exertions of the day are
over, when the tension and strain of over-taxed nerves and muscles relax
and reaction comes, then you understand in its fullest measure the
meaning of the expression, “I’m tired.”


SUNDAY, MAY 23d.

Feeling that we need rest, and finding the full enjoyment of our need in
the pleasant home of Mrs. Chambers, we do not go out to-day until it is
time to leave

[Illustration: JOHN H. REAGAN, OF THE COMMITTEE.]

for the ferry, from which the boat will bear us to Oakland and to our
train, which is scheduled to leave this evening at seven o’clock.
Willie’s engagements had called him from home in the early morning. Mrs.
Chambers, Miss Effie, and Mr. Collom accompany Mrs. Shaw and myself to
Oakland and take dinner with us in the “Lafayette”; they are warm in
their praises of the comfort and luxury of our train and our enjoyable
manner of traveling.

The hour of departure is drawing near and the many friends we have made
are gathered around to see us off. Mrs. T. E. Gaither, a former
Pennsylvanian, now a resident of Oakland, presents each one of the
tourists with a bouquet of fine roses gathered from her splendid,
spacious lawn of ever-blooming sweetness. The inevitable “All aboard” is
shouted, the last hand shake is given, and our train leaves behind
another garden spot of grandeur.

So far as present indications point, our people have all made good use
of their time and thoroughly enjoyed themselves. The kind brothers, of
Golden Gate and El Capitan Divisions and the many good people of Oakland
and San Francisco who contributed so much toward our pleasure are at the
present time subjects of the warmest praise and most flattering
comments, as incidents connected with our visit are being talked over
and discussed. I hear Brother Springer telling in a pleasing and
animated manner of a visit he and some others made to the palatial
residence and grounds of Lucius Booth, Esq. “Mr. Booth gave us,” says
Brother Springer, “the freedom of his magnificent lawn and park, that
were beautified and adorned with all kinds, varieties, and colors of
plants, fruits, and flowers. We were shown by Mr. Booth what he told us
is the greatest curiosity to be found, located in his park, two strong
natural springs, only eighteen inches apart; the flow of water from each
is about equal. From one spring gurgles a stream of sulphur water,
pungent to the smell and taste, with no indications of iron in its
composition, while from the other flows a stream strongly impregnated
with iron, but with no sign of a particle of sulphur in its ingredients.
It is a puzzle to the scientific world, and naturalists pronounce it a
‘marvelous freak of nature.’”

I hear many of our people speak in the highest terms of Brother R. L.
Myers, secretary and treasurer of Golden Gate Division 364, who devoted
himself so faithfully and earnestly to the interests of our party.
Brothers Maxwell, Reagan, Waddington, and a number of others also speak
in glowing terms of the courtesy shown them by members of the Board of
Trade.

We leave Oakland at 7.40 Pacific time (10.40 Eastern), attached to a
five-car train called the “Portland Flyer,” which makes the trip from
Oakland to Portland every five days. Engine 1793, in charge of Engineer
J. Edwards, is drawing the train, which is conducted by D. H. McIntire;
the brakemen are W. J. Mitchell and H. B. Stewart. A ride of 26 miles
brings us to Port Costa, where the engine and ten cars are run on to the
ferryboat “Salina” and transported across the strait of Carquicons to
the old town of Benicia, at one time the capital of California.

The “Salina” is the largest ferryboat ever constructed, being 424 feet
long, 116 feet wide, and 18 feet deep; its capacity is forty-four cars
and an engine, regardless of size or weight. So smoothly does the
“Salina” run that there is not a tremor, jar, or motion to tell you she
is moving. Engine 1793 will run us to Davis, a distance of 77 miles.

It has grown dark, a matter we always regret, for we never get tired
watching the fleeting, ever-varying landscape. With prospects of
mountains for to-morrow, we seek our little bed.


MONDAY, MAY 24th.

Arose early this morning while it was hardly yet light, not wishing to
miss any of the grand scenery that I know we must be nearing. Very few
of our people are up, and making my way to the smoker I find the
conductor who is running the train. He is a newcomer, an entire
stranger, but I find him a very agreeable gentleman. “Where are we,
captain?” I inquire. “Well,” he answers pleasantly, “you are on the
famous Shasta Route of the Southern Pacific Railroad, bound from San
Francisco, Cal., to Portland, Ore., a distance of 772 miles. You have
traveled about 200 miles in your sleep. We left Red Bluff a short time
ago and are now approaching Redding, 260 miles from San Francisco and
over 500 from Portland.” “Where did you take charge of our train,
please, and what is the number of your engine and the names of your
crew?” I ask; “I’m trying to keep a little record of things as we go
along,” I add by way of explanation, as he looks askance at me. “I took
your train at Red Bluff; have engine 1769, Engineer J. Clark. I can’t
tell you the fireman’s name; my name is G. E. Morgan, and my brakemen
are J. Cook and J. Duncan. We take you to Ashland, a run of 206 miles.
It will be necessary for us to get a helper engine shortly, for we have
uphill work through here.”

“What stream of water is this, captain?” I ask, as I look out of the
window and see a large surging, gurgling, dashing stream of water that
seems to be rushing past at a mile a minute gait. “That is the
Sacramento River, a stream whose course you ascend for 307 miles and
cross eighteen times between Sacramento and Sisson,” he answers, rising
and leaving the car as the train slows up and stops at a station.

I follow, get off, and look around. On the right the leaping, tumultuous
waters of the Sacramento throw spray in your face as you stand and watch
them churning and foaming in resistless might as they sweep madly onward
toward the bay; on the left is the station and town of Redding. Several
of our people are up and out on the ground. We can see that the town is
a thriving business-looking place, and the station is a neat,
substantial building. Our engine is taking water and the men are loading
the tender with wood. “Why do you burn wood instead of coal in your
engines?” I ask Conductor Morgan, who is standing near. “For the sake of
economy, I suppose,” he replies. “Wood is plenty and cheap, while coal
is very scarce and expensive.”

As we continue on our way I am reminded of Conductor Morgan’s assertion
that “wood is plenty,” for we see thousands of cords piled up along the
railroad track ready for use or awaiting shipment, and all the hills and
slopes and mountain sides within our range of vision are covered with
immense forests of pine and spruce. It is wild, picturesque mountain
scenery and we all enjoy it.

Our train stops again, and looking out we see a name above the little
station door that makes us think of home. It is the beloved, familiar
Chester county name of Kennet. We notice that it is spelled with only
one “t,” but it is “Kennett,” all the same. Stepping off, I see them
attaching a helper engine and get its number, 1902.

As we start again I step on board, and entering the smoker encounter
Brakeman Cook. “I suppose we have some climbing to do,” I remark; “I see
you’ve got an extra engine.” “Yes,” he responds, “from here to Sisson is
61 miles, and in that distance we make an ascent of 2884 feet, at one
point having a grade of 168 feet to the mile.” Passing Castle Crag we
see in the distance its bald, bare bluffs and peaks of rugged, towering
granite, and nestling in the shadow of the ridge can be seen its
picturesque hotel, a resort where those needing mountain air for health,
or mountain solitude for repose or pleasure, can find a safe, secure
retreat.

From this point we catch our first glimpse of grand Mt. Shasta, 60 miles
away. We stop at Dunsmuir twenty minutes for our engines to renew their
supply of wood and water, and several passengers from the “Portland
Flyer,” taking advantage of the delay, went into a nearby hotel and got
lunch. A boy on the station platform with a large four-pound trout that
he had just caught, and which was still flapping its tail, attracts the
attention of Brothers Sloane and Haas, who want the train held four
hours while they go fishing, but the proposition is voted down. A
beautiful large lawn slopes from the Dunsmuir Hotel to the railroad, on
which tame mountain deer are browsing. Three miles from Dunsmuir we
reach Mossbrae Falls and Shasta Soda Springs. Our train stops, and with
cups, mugs, jugs, bottles, buckets, and pitchers we make a break for the
fountain. There is plenty of water there, and oh, how cold and sparkling
and invigorating it is! We drink our fill and fill our vessels and load
the train, but it would not be missed had we taken ten thousand times as
much. A roofed and stone-walled well that is inexhaustible is fed by
hundreds of little streams and rivulets and jets that flow and spurt
from the moss-covered mountain side, while here and there a spring more
powerful than the rest sends its slender column full fifty feet in the
air and then descends in a shower of mist around you.

Where is the artist that can picture the beauty of Mossbrae Falls, a
mighty mountain side covered to its summit with giant pines, terminating
at its base in a sheer wall a hundred feet in height, its face covered
and festooned with bright green moss, through which descends in a
silvery sheen of spray the outpour from a thousand gushing springs? From
here to Sisson, a distance of 25 miles, our engines have trying uphill
work. There are mountains everywhere, mountains ahead of us and
mountains behind us, mountains above us and mountains below us,
mountains to the right and mountains to the left, but they are not the
bald, bare, treeless kind, for everywhere you look, except when you cast
your eye to Shasta’s crown, you will see a magnificent growth of pines
and cedars, shrubbery and ferns. You have always to look up or else look
down. Looking up you can scarcely ever see the pine-clad summits, for
your eye rests on the top of the car window before it reaches half way
up the mountain side; looking down you are all right, if you don’t get
dizzy, for in many places you can look down upon the tops of the tallest
trees a thousand feet below.

With breath of flame and lungs of iron those powerful iron steeds puff
and cough and climb, and the long ten-car train, following their
laborious lead, winds and worms in and out and around those narrow
paths, traced and hewn in the mighty Sierra Nevada’s rugged sides by
persistent resistless Progress, ever guided, ever urged by the
indomitable will, restless perseverance, mechanical ingenuity, and
scientific skill of man. We climb and climb and worm and wind until
Sisson’s heights are reached, at an elevation of 3555 feet, and then we
rest awhile--rest to feast our eyes on Shasta’s indescribable majesty
and grandeur.

This is the nearest point the railroad runs to that gigantic mound, and
it is twelve miles on an air line from where we sit and stand to the
glistening, snow-crowned crest of that mighty monarch. Why we should so
sensibly feel his presence and he so far away is a conundrum no one
asks; we only look and feel, and silently wonder what it is we feel. It
must be awe, for that which is great, we are told, inspires awe, and
Shasta is very, very great. Fourteen thousand four hundred and forty-two
feet is the estimated height of this colossal giant that pokes his apex
in the sky. Were it possible to grade him down or slice him off to
one-half his height he would make a plateau 75 miles in circumference
and 25 miles across; but it is time to go. The manager says, “Git on,”
and bidding adieu to Shasta we “git.”

One mile from Sisson Conductor Morgan points to a little mountain
spring that wouldn’t slake the thirst of a nanny goat, and says,
“There’s the head waters of the Sacramento River, which is 307 miles
from where it empties into the bay.” The road now is making some
wonderful curves and bends to get around insurmountable heights and
across unbridgeable chasms. We have just finished a run of about eight
miles, described almost a complete S, and are only one mile and a half
from where we started. At Edgewood helper engine No. 1902 is detached,
for it is now down grade to Hornbrook, a distance of 40 miles, with a
drop at places of 170 feet to the mile.

At Hornbrook engine No. 1907 was attached to assist to Siskiyou, a
distance of 24 miles, with an ascent of 190 feet to the mile. As we
approach State Line we cross the old Portland stage trail, and at 3.03
P. M. Eastern (12.03 Pacific) time we cross the State Line and enter
Oregon, having traveled 1136 miles through the State of California. We
pass Gregory Siding, where two freight wrecks had recently occurred. The
wrecking crew are still on the ground, having evidently just put engine
No. 1503 on the track, for it is standing there as we pass, covered with
mud. We here have in view Pilot Rock, a great bare bluff that stands out
and alone like a huge sentinel guarding the gateway of the valley, and
famous in the early history of this locality as the scene of stirring
Indian warfare. Manager and Mrs. Wyman are on the engine enjoying an
unobstructed view of this marvelous mountain ride. We have just had our
last look at California scenery, for rounding a bend as we pass Pilot
Rock, the last view of majestic Shasta bursts upon our vision, reposing
in sublime and solemn grandeur 50

[Illustration: HERCULES’ PILLARS, COLUMBIA RIVER OREGON.]

miles away. Another curve, the picture fades, the curtain falls, and
exit California.

Still climbing the rugged sides of Siskiyou, and drawing nearer and
closer to its summit, our train, as though despairing of ever reaching
the top, plunges suddenly into its rocky ribs. The depths of despair can
be no darker than the gloomy obscurity of this yawning hole in the
mountain wall; for 3700 feet through “Tunnel 13” our train pierces the
heart of Siskiyou before emerging into daylight on the opposite side.
Here the summit of the grade is reached at an elevation of 4130 feet.
Leaving engine No. 1907 behind we now commence the descent of the
northern slope of the Siskiyou Mountain, amidst scenery of beauty and
grandeur. Arriving at Ashland 5.10 P. M. Eastern (2.10 P. M. Pacific)
time, a stop of twenty minutes is given and a change of engines is made.

Bidding goodbye to Conductor Morgan and his crew, who deserve our
highest praise for the able manner in which our train was handled, and
who did much toward making the trip interesting by the useful
information imparted, we speed on our way again with engine 1361 in
charge of C. C. Case and fired by Robert McCuan; Conductor Edward
Houston, Baggagemaster R. W. Jameson, Brakeman H. Ballard, who take us
to Portland, 341 miles. Leaving Ashland, we pass a number of gold mines
in operation on the rugged hillside, and swing around into Rogue River
Valley, a rich farming and fruit-growing district, producing, it is
said, some of the finest fruits grown in Oregon. A stop of a few minutes
is made at Grant’s Pass, attaching engine No. 1759 to assist up the hill
to West Fork, 47 miles. Twenty minutes is allowed at Glendale to enable
the passengers of the “Portland Flyer” and the crew to partake of lunch
at “The Hotel Glendale.” Soon after leaving Glendale we enter a wild
ravine, inclosed by towering hills covered to their summits with great
pine timber. “Mr. Jameson,” I ask of the baggagemaster, an agreeable old
gentleman, “has this wild spot a name?” “This is Cow Creek Cañon; the
stream of water you see is Cow Creek, which runs the entire length of
the cañon, 35 miles,” is the answer.

The farther we penetrate this narrow gorge the more are we impressed
with the solitude of its mighty pine-clad sides, that commence at the
creek on one hand and at the railroad on the other and rise upward in a
steep slope for over 2000 feet, covered to the very crests with giant
Oregon pines. We arrive at the little station of West Fork, the only
station in the cañon, and engine No. 1759 is detached and sidetracked.
There is gold hidden in these mighty hills, and here and there we see a
mine, the principal one, the Victoria, being located near West Fork. Two
miles north of this point we are shown where occurred in 1890 the
largest landslide ever known in the history of railroads. An immense
section of the mountain side becoming loosened, slid down into the
bottom of the cañon, burying 900 feet of the railroad to the depth of
100 feet, and damming the creek, formed a lake 60 feet deep and one mile
long. The buried track was abandoned and the road built across the creek
along the foot of the opposite sloping wall of the cañon. We can plainly
see the great mass of earth and rocks and trees that cover the buried
track, and which forms a striking instance of what might occur at any
time to roads that run through such mountain cañons. It is growing dark
as we emerge from the fastness and solitude of this Oregon wilderness,
but can easily discern that it is a change for the better, for we enter
a valley teeming with fields of waving grain and orchards of thrifty
trees. We stop at Roseburg for ten minutes, where another change of
engines is made, and when we start on our way again at 12.10 A. M.
Eastern (9.10 P. M. Pacific) time, it is quite dark.

Leaving Roseburg, we have engine No. 1355, with Engineer Montgomery at
the throttle. Having a grade for 15 miles between Drains and Cottage
Grove, we get Engineer Connelly, with engine No. 1516, as helper.
Conductor Houston and his crew continue with us to Portland.


TUESDAY, MAY 25th.

Arrived at Portland this morning at 8.00 Eastern (5.00 Pacific) time,
and after breakfast we met Morton Young, Esq., of Portland. Mr. Young is
a member of Mt. Hood Division No. 91, O. R. C., and an earnest and
enthusiastic member of the order, though not in railway service at the
present time, having been fortunate in real estate speculation and able
now to retire from active business cares. Brother Young kindly escorts a
number of our party over the East Side Electric Railway to Oregon City,
which is a pleasant ride of 14 miles. We climb the great wooden stairway
leading up to the bluffs that overlook the city and obtain a magnificent
view of all the surrounding country. Looking down upon the falls of the
Willamette River, we are impressed with the grandeur of this Niagara of
the Pacific. Descending from this alluring point of observation, we
visit the great electric plant located at the falls, deriving its power
from the waters of the Willamette and supplying Oregon City, Portland,
and all the outlying districts with light and power. From the windows of
the power house we obtain a much nearer view of the falls. The
Willamette River at this point is about half a mile in width and the
falls, in the form of a semi-circle, extend from shore to shore with an
average height of 40 feet. It is estimated that the horse-power capacity
of this great volume of leaping, dashing, roaring water is second in the
world to that of Niagara. The great power house, with walls of solid
concrete, is located on the west side of the river, just below the
falls, and has a capacity of 12,000 horse power. It is owned and
operated by the Portland General Electric Company, a corporation
organized in 1892 with a capital of $4,250,000.

We cannot remain long in one place and are unable to give this
interesting city the attention we would like, but we can see as we
traverse one of its principal thoroughfares that it is up to date in its
accommodations and improvements. We pass the Electric Hotel, and from
its appearance we are sure it is first class in every respect, and had
we the opportunity or occasion to partake of its hospitality we are
confident we would be well taken care of by the proprietors who manage
the establishment, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Robinson. We visit the fish market
and are interested in the salmon just brought in, that range in weight
from five to fifty pounds, the streams through this part of the country
abounding with this species of fish. The ladies, intent on

[Illustration: THE COLUMBIA RIVER.]

procuring souvenirs, visit a number of the stores as we go along. On the
river banks are located numerous mills and factories. Arriving at the
point where we take the electric line for Portland and finding a car
waiting, we get aboard and start again on the delightful 14-mile trolley
ride. Among the passengers in the car is a lady whose pleasant
countenance invites confidence, and Mrs. Shaw has entered into
conversation with her. I am busy looking off across the country,
enjoying the beauty of the landscape, and have given their talk no
attention. Brother Young has just pointed out Clackamas Heights and is
now trying to show us the snow crown of Mt. Hood, but his Honor is so
mixed up with the vapory clouds that hang around the horizon that he
cannot be located. A nudge from Mrs. S. invites my attention, and as I
turn she introduces her new-found friend, Mrs. Robinson, of the Electric
Hotel, Oregon City. Mrs. Robinson is a bright conversationalist and
entertained us with some facts about the city and its surroundings.

“Do you like Oregon City?” some one asks. “I not only like it,” answers
Mrs. Robinson, “but I am proud of it. It is a town with a history. The
site of Oregon City was first located in the year 1829 by Dr. John
McLoughlin, an agent of the Hudson Bay Company, who established a
trading post here. It was here a few years later that the Methodists
built the first Protestant church erected on the Pacific slope. The
Oregon _Spectator_, the first newspaper published on the Pacific coast,
was printed here in 1846 on a press brought from the Sandwich Islands.
We have a climate,” she continued, “that never goes to extremes; we
seldom have freezing weather, and snow, if it comes, only lasts a few
hours. I have gathered roses in my yard on Christmas, for very rarely
the cold is severe enough to destroy our flowers. We have not grown so
rapidly as some of the younger cities of the Northwest, but we have all
the natural advantages and facilities to insure and encourage progress
and development. We have excellent graded schools that are well
attended, and as an evidence of the educational importance of our city,
the Willamette Valley Chautauqua Association holds its annual convention
or assembly at Gladstone Park, not far from Oregon City. These meetings
are largely attended, thousands coming from all parts of the Pacific
coast. The people will commence to gather for these meetings next week,
and I expect we will have our hands full; but here’s where I get off,”
and rising as the car stops she bids us goodday and steps off.

We have reached Portland, and after proceeding a few blocks under the
guidance of Brother Young, we leave the electric road and board a cable
car for Portland Heights, a high eminence overlooking the city and
commanding a magnificent view of all the surrounding country for many
miles. We gaze down upon three rivers, the Columbia, Willamette, and
Clackamas, and follow with our eyes their sinuous windings as their
waters gleam and glimmer in the sun. We can plainly see the hoary crests
of Mt. Adams and Saint Helens, but clouds still hovering on the eastern
horizon keep Mt. Hood hidden from our sight. With the perversity of
human nature, that is always hankering for what is beyond its reach, we
want a look at Mt. Hood. “We came up here to see it,” says Mrs.
Dougherty, “and if

[Illustration: J. P. O’BRIEN, SUPERINTENDENT RAIL LINES, OREGON RAILROAD
AND NAVIGATION COMPANY.]

it’s only a wee glimpse I want it.” So do we all, and we keep our gaze
riveted on the spot where Brother Young says it will appear, if it shows
at all.

“Mt. Hood is 70 miles away,” says Brother Young, “but on a perfectly
clear day a person from here can see it very plainly.” The clouds
showing no inclination to favor us, we descend from the Heights, get
aboard a car, and start for the station, where we arrive about 1.30 P.
M., and find the most of our people gathered there; they also have spent
a very pleasant morning taking in the sights of Portland and gathering
souvenirs.

Brothers Maxwell and Reagan, of the excursion executive committee, have
not been idle, but calling upon Superintendent J. P. O’Brien, of the
Oregon River and Navigation Company Rail Lines, have arranged for an
excursion this afternoon up the banks of the Columbia River to Cascade
Locks and return.

Getting lunch at a near-by restaurant, we are soon all ready for the
start. Our three sleepers are attached to a regular train that leaves at
2.45 P. M. “Are all our people here?” asks Manager Wyman, surveying the
crowd. “There are four or five that are absent, I believe,” answers
Secretary Maxwell, as he nips the northeast corner off a plug of
tobacco. “Sloane and Haas are not here, I know,” speaks out Brother
Terry, “for they went out with a boy in a boat to watch the salmon shoot
the falls of the Willamette and haven’t got back yet.” “Time’s up; can’t
wait; all aboard,” shouts the conductor, and away we go, bound for a
trip of 45 miles through the marvelous and unsurpassed scenery of the
Columbia River. Superintendent O’Brien is with us, his private car being
attached to the train. Chief Dispatcher E. N. Campbell, C. R. Holcomb,
Esq., and Brother M. Young also accompany the party. L. J. Hicks,
photographer, of Portland, is along in his professional capacity; we are
also accompanied by the Portland Hotel orchestra, comprised of the
following gentlemen: G. H. Parsons, J. Seltenraick, F. Boyd, William
Livinston, Prof. E. F. Fleck, who render admirable and pleasing music.
Many are the expressions of delight as we catch fleeting glimpses of the
wonderful scenery. “You will have a better view on the return trip,”
advises Mr. O’Brien, “for we will then run slow and make an occasional
stop.” Arriving at Cascade Locks, we are given twenty minutes to visit
the great locks which the Government is about completing, at a cost of
nearly $1,500,000, to enable vessels to reach the highest navigable
point of this most remarkable river.

Time is up to start on our return trip, and reaching the train we find
O. R. & N. engine No. 73 coupled to the train, with Engineer A. Curtis
and Fireman Jo. Wilson in the cab and Conductor J. A. Allison standing
near ready to move off as soon as we are ready to go. In a minute we are
all on, and the train goes slowly down the great Columbia, whose
current, always rapid, is augmented and increased twofold by the melting
snows in the mountains, and surges past in an angry, turbid torrent.
From the rushing waters of the mighty river on one side we look up on
the other side to the towering cliffs and crags and peaks that rise in
majesty and grandeur 3000 feet in the air, their summits fringed with
pines that look like ferns as they wave against the sky, while here and
there, from out those walls of rock, mountain streams gush forth, and
falling hundreds of

[Illustration: MT. ADAMS, WASHINGTON.]

[Illustration: MT. ST. HELENS, FROM PORTLAND.]

feet, their waters descend in showers of rainbow-tinted spray.

“Well,” remarks Mr. O’Brien, as he sees we are almost speechless with
rapture and delight, “that’s something you don’t see in Pennsylvania or
Jersey every day in the year.” “No,” I respond, “nor anywhere else in
the world on any day of the year.” “I really believe there is no scenery
in the whole wide world more intensely absorbing than your Columbia
River scenery, Mr. O’Brien,” says Mrs. Mattson, and the Doctor, standing
near, smiles down upon her his approval. “We will now turn our attention
to something more practical than towering mountains and leaping
waterfalls,” says Mr. O’Brien, as the train comes to a stop. “We will
show you how our salmon are coaxed out of the water.”

Leading the way, we follow him down the river bank to its edge and on to
a platform or wharf extending for several feet into the water, where a
large wheel is slowly revolving that looks something like the side wheel
of an old-fashioned ferryboat or the large overshot water wheel of an
old-time sawmill, except that it turns backward, and as the scoops or
buckets rise out of the water they bring the fish along, should any of
them be so unfortunate as to get caught. When the scoop rises to a
certain height the fish slip out into an incline trough or chute
(something like the “boys” had fun with at Sutro’s) and are dumped into
a bin under the platform. “We are not catching many at the present
time,” says the man who is operating the trap, “the river is too high
and muddy and the fish are not running very lively.” Opening a trap
door, he allows us to peer down into the bin, where we see a lot of fish
of various sizes. He kindly gave us several for our dining car, an act
we all highly appreciate.

We next stop at Multnomah Falls, where one of those mountain streams
pouring over the face of a cliff has a sheer descent of 950 feet. Here
the party is arranged in a group on a grassy slope, with the falls as
background, and photographed by Mr. Hicks. “Mr. Hicks, will all those
beautiful rainbows we see there show in the pictures you have taken?”
asks Mrs. Matthews of the photographer. “No,” replies Mr. Hicks, “that
is beyond our art. No camera will picture nor can artist paint the
gorgeous coloring and beautifully blended tints that you see in the
dashing spray of Multnomah Falls.” “I don’t know about that,” answers
Brother Mart. Houston, who is always of a practical turn of mind. “I
believe George Cope, of Chester County, could do it, for a man who can
paint the pretty spots of a trout or all the colors of autumnal foliage
and never miss a tint can come pretty close to Multnomah Falls.” “He
ought to come out here and paint it, then,” responds Brother Bob Foulon;
“for a reproduction of Multnomah Falls on canvas as we see it to-day
could not be surpassed by any painting in the world.” We all echo
Brother Foulon’s sentiments, and feel as we get aboard the train that it
has been our privilege to look upon a scene of unequaled loveliness and
grandeur.

We again stop and are photographed at the Pillar, an enormous column of
rock standing alone between the river and the railroad, upon the summit
of which is growing a great pine tree, 1000 feet in the air. We get back
to the depot about 7.30 and find McDonald has a sumptuous dinner
awaiting us, which we all

[Illustration: MULTNOMAH FALLS, OREGON.]

heartily enjoy. Mr. O’Brien and Brother Young take dinner with us, and
our people show their appreciation of the courtesy and kindness of these
gentlemen by giving them three rousing cheers. After supper Manager E.
Lyons, of the Union Depot, escorts a number of the “boys” to the
luxurious quarters of the Commercial Club, where we are royally
entertained for three hours, returning to the train about midnight.


WEDNESDAY, MAY 26th.

Everybody is astir in good time this morning, for we are soon to bid
adieu to this great city of the far Northwest, where we have been so
kindly treated and royally entertained. The warmhearted brothers of Mt.
Hood Division No. 91, O. R. C., along with the officers of the different
transportation companies, will long be remembered for their generous
manner toward us. “Views of Portland, Oregon, and the Columbia River,” a
beautiful pamphlet souvenir issued by Mt. Hood Division, was presented
to each member of our party, and is highly prized. In connection with
the pamphlet is “a ticket of welcome” of coupon form, and is quite
lengthy, but all right, the first clause of which reads, “This contract
with coupons attached entitles the holder to a hearty welcome and a
first-class reception on entering the State of Oregon, and the
courtesies of the Southern Pacific Company, the Oregon Railroad and
Navigation Company, and the Northern Pacific Railway.

  R. KOEHLER,                      E. P. ROGERS,
      General Manager S. P.             A. G. P. A., S. P.

  E. MCNEILL,                      B. CAMPBELL,
      Pres. & Mgr. O. R. & N.           Traffic Mgr. O. R. & N.

  W. H. HULBURT,                   J. W. KENDRICK,
      G. P. A., O. R. & N. Co.          Genl. Mgr. N. P. Ry.

  J. H. HANNAFORD,                 C. S. FEE,
      Genl. Traffic Mgr. N. P. Ry.      G. P. A., N. P. Ry.”

There are five clauses in the contract. The last clause reads, “The
Reception Committee will not be responsible for the loss of any diamonds
(kings and queens excepted), baggage, meals, or sleep on this run.

  J. M. POORMAN,      J. W. CROCKER,
     Sec. & Treas.       C. C.

  “MT. HOOD DIVISION No. 91, O. R. C.”

There are six coupons, each reading to and fro over a line between
different points of interest, and bearing at the bottom the name of the
superintendent over whose line it reads. The whole is a nicely gotten up
affair and a valued addition to our collection of souvenirs.

We leave here at 8.45 A. M., and the hour of departure being at hand (as
is always the case), a number of our new-found friends are at hand to
see us off. All along our route we have been constantly reminding the
people who we are by a yell we give in concert, with a vim that would
drown the racket of a college football team; and now, gathered in a
bunch, we let go:--

“Who are we? O. R. C.

“Pennsylvania employé.

“Rah! rah! boom--ah!” The ladies of our party are ready and let go:--

“Who are we? Who are we?

“The wives and the daughters of the O. R. C.

“Rah! rah! boom--ah!”

And now the cooks and waiters gathered at the windows and on the
platform of the “Lafayette” let go:--

“Who are we? P. P. C.

[Illustration: ALONG THE COLUMBIA RIVER.]

“The cooks and the waiters of the O. R. C.

“Rah! rah! boom--ah!”

With all this din ringing in their ears the good people of Portland see
our train pulling away from their beautiful station. As they wave their
adieus we pass from their sight on a run of 146 miles over the Northern
Pacific Railway to Tacoma, Wash. N. P. engine No. 617 is drawing us,
managed by Engineer F. W. Bockerman and fired by H. Deam. The conductor
is Henry Buckley and the brakemen are H. Harkins and Tom Martin; Mr.
Martin is a young man from Chester County, Pennsylvania, who has come
West to seek his fortune, and has accepted the position of a brakeman
with the expectation of rising in the ranks, and we wish him success.

From Portland to Goble, 39 miles, we follow the Columbia River, which is
very high, and much of the low land is submerged. We can see buildings
surrounded by water that have been vacated, and we are reminded of the
El Paso flood. We look beyond this desolating waste of water and in the
far distance can see the glistening summits of Mt. Hood and Saint
Helens. Reaching Goble, our train is run on to the great ferry steamer
“Tacoma,” transported across the Columbia River to Kalama, and into the
State of Washington. Leaving Kalama, we pass through a fine farming
country, where agricultural industries seem to be extensively carried
on. After passing Centralia, which is a flourishing town of about 3000
inhabitants, we have a splendid view of Mt. Rainier for several miles
while we sweep across the Yelm prairie. A short stop is made at Roy to
pick up Brothers B. W. Johnson and S. H. Ewalt, of Mt. Tacoma Division
No. 249, O. R. C., who are members of committee on entertainment, and
who promise to show us the city of Tacoma after our arrival there. The
country through here seems to be rich in natural resources, for
bordering the fertile valleys can be seen heavily timbered hills and
here and there a coal mine in operation.

Arriving in Tacoma at 4.40 P. M. Eastern (1.40 P. M. Pacific), we are
immediately taken out by Brothers Johnson and Ewalt to see the town and
are joined by A. F. Haines, passenger agent of Northern Pacific Railway,
Capt. A. Thompson, of the Portland _Oregonian_, C. P. Ferry, Esq. (who
bears the distinguished title of “Duke of Tacoma”), and a member of the
Chamber of Commerce, L. Ceasar, Esq., president of Tacoma Bank and a
member of the Board of Trade. The first place we visit is the County
Court House. “This,” says Mr. Ferry, “is one of the finest buildings in
Tacoma, which, you know, is the county seat of Pierce County. We had to
have a court house and thought we would build a good one; it cost
$400,000.” We amused ourselves looking through the museum located in
this building, many of the relics and works of art having been
contributed by Mr. Ferry, who collected many of them in foreign
countries through which he has traveled. We spent half an hour in the
Court House and then entered into a street car, which took us a
much-enjoyed ride through the city to Point Defiance Park.

To form a true conception of a Washington forest one has but to visit
this wonderful park. Such majestic trees we never saw before, many of
them six and eight feet in diameter and estimated to be 300 feet in
height, great

[Illustration: C STREET, TACOMA, WASHINGTON.]

[Illustration: BRIDGE, POINT DEFIANCE PARK, TACOMA, WASHINGTON.]

pines and cedars, natural growth of the soil, and amongst them, growing
in wild profusion, great ferns six feet in height. In inclosures can be
seen deer, elk, and bear, natives of the wilds. Through this great
forest park bridle paths lead in all directions, and about 80 miles of
bicycle track is built. The park is situated on a high eminence
overlooking Puget Sound. By a series of steep paths and stairs we
descend to the beach. The sound is a great body of water with hardly a
ripple on its surface. A half hour is spent here gathering pebbles and
shells, and then we head for the smelter, half a mile up the beach.

A boathouse furnishes rowboats for those who want them, and a number
avail themselves of this opportunity to avoid a tiresome walk. Those who
walk ascend again the steps and steep pathway, and going along the
forest walk they arrive at the smelter the same time as those who rowed.
We are taken through the great hot, smoky building and shown the
treatment ore receives in all its stages from the smelter to the
crucible. This immense plant, owned and operated by the Tacoma Smelting
and Refining Company, handles gold, silver, and copper ore, and has an
annual output of over $900,000. A train of cars await us when we emerge
from the works, flat cars, fitted up with seats for the occasion; upon
these we climb, and find as we are slowly taken along the sound front
that no conveyance could afford a better view. Tacoma has 12 miles of a
water front, upon which splendid wharves, great warehouses, monster
elevators, immense saw and flour mills are built, the whole 12 miles
being lined with industries of this character.

This trip over, we return to our train and find dinner awaiting us,
after which our train is run to the steamboat landing and we are taken
aboard the “City of Kingston,” belonging to the Northern Pacific
Railway, for a trip of 28 miles to Seattle. We can hardly realize as the
boat leaves the wharf that our visit to Tacoma is over, so rapidly were
we hustled along; but we are highly pleased with the treatment we
received and feel that Tacoma is a wonderful place and her people will
make her still more wonderful by their thrift, their push, and activity.
They have our best wishes for their future progress and advancement.

The “City of Kingston” is a splendid boat and rides like a feather over
the waters of the sound, and from the expressions of delight on every
hand it is evident our people are enjoying the trip. The boat is in
charge of Engineer G. H. Lent and a gentlemanly purser, who have won the
goodwill of our party by kindly allowing us the freedom of the boat and
showing us through many of the elegantly-furnished state rooms with
which the boat is equipped. Arriving at Seattle, we are loaded in a
large cable car and taken through the city for about four miles and back
again. It is so dark we cannot see the town and can only enjoy the ride.
We are taken to the station, where we wait for half an hour for our
train to arrive, which has been sent from Tacoma to overtake us. We are
all pretty thoroughly tired out, and are glad when at about eleven
o’clock our train arrives, and we are soon making ourselves comfortable
inside. M. M. Davis, Esq., a press representative of Seattle, and
Conductor Thomas Doyle in search of an “item” gave us a short call just
after our train came over from Tacoma. Brother Reagan and “Alfalfa” are
the only ones I see as

[Illustration: LATOURELLE FALLS, OREGON.]

I leave the “refreshment corner” in the “combined” to seek repose in the
“Marco.” Our train is still standing at Seattle and the hour is close to
midnight.


THURSDAY, MAY 27th.

Getting up this morning about 7.30, I find we are crossing another
desert--at least it has that appearance. We have left Ellensburg and are
running through a dry, sandy country along the Yakima River. Here and
there we pass a ranch where plots of land under irrigation are being
cultivated, and from the fertile appearance of these irrigated tracts it
would seem that this country needs but plenty of water to make it a
blooming paradise. This much I discover by looking out the window while
waiting my turn to wash and comb, for Brothers Terry, Brown, and Horner
are ahead of me this morning. We work on the principle “first come first
served,” and all good naturedly wait when there is nothing else to do.
Completing my toilet, I go to the smoker and find the genial conductor
who is running the train, and learn that he is a member of Mt. Hood
Division No. 91; name, W. B. Hale.

“I took charge of your train at Ellensburg,” he says, on being asked the
question, “and am going with you as far as I can. We have engine No.
333, run by Engineer Brant, who will take us to Pasco, 122 miles.” “This
is a barren-looking country for stock raising,” I remark, as I see a
large drove of cattle kicking up the dust in the desert as we pass them;
“what do they live on?” “Those cattle are from away back toward the
hills, where there is plenty of ‘bunch grass’ that they feed on, and are
coming to the irrigation canal for water, or perhaps they are being
driven to the railroad station for shipment. You would be surprised at
the amount of stock shipped from North Yakima, Prosser, and Kennewick,”
is the reply. “There seems to be no trouble about growing plenty of
stuff where there is water,” I venture to assert, seeing a
verdant-looking plantation, like an oasis in the desert, a short
distance away. “Lack or scarcity of water is the only hindrance to
agricultural industry,” is the answer, “and this drawback is being
rapidly overcome by the construction of large irrigating canals by
companies formed for that purpose.”

“Breakfast is now ready in the dining car,” chimes the welcome voice of
Conductor McDonald at the open door. Several of our people had entered
the smoker during the last half hour, and all arise as one person at the
music of that well-known voice, that always brings “tidings of great
joy.” “I think Mr. McDonald has the loveliest voice, for a man,” is the
flattering remark of Mrs. Matthews as we make a break for the diner. Not
one of us but what thinks so too, but of course we know Mrs. Matthews is
thinking of the song McDonald sang to us a few evenings before.

“There’s a tramp hidden between the ice chests under this car beating
his way, I heard some one say awhile ago,” says Manager Wyman at the
breakfast table. As we finish eating the train stops at the little
station of Kiona and we all get out to see the stowaway. Sure enough
he’s there. In a narrow space between the ice chests, about 16 inches
wide, he has placed a board on the dining-car ladder which is kept
there, and crawled in on it, a place so narrow that he cannot change his
position

[Illustration: THE HOBO PASSENGER.]

[Illustration: CROSSING COLUMBIA RIVER ON THE “TACOMA.”]

or turn. We can see him all covered with dust, but he does not move, and
we are not sure that he is alive, for this Yakima dust is something
terrible and he has certainly got a dose of it. One of the dining-car
boys brought him out some bread and meat, a can of water, and a sponge
to protect his mouth and nostrils from the dust. We can see that he is
alive when these things are pushed into him, for he reaches out a hand
as far as he can to receive them. After passing Kennewick we cross the
Columbia River and are soon at Pasco, where a stop is made to change
engines. While this is being done we persuade our “mascot” to come from
beneath the car. As he crawls from his hiding place and straightens up
Brother Ristein, who has his kodak ready, takes a snap. We can see
through the ginger-colored Yakima dust on his face that he is a negro.
“What’s your name?” I ask. “John Bell, sah.” “Where do you live?” asks
Brother Matthews. “Al’bama, sah.” “Where did you get on this car?” asks
Manager Wyman. “Tacoma, sah.” “How did you get to Tacoma?” asks Brother
Dougherty. “Cargo hosses, sah.” “Where do you want to go, now?” asks
Conductor Hale. “Montana, sah.” “Well, crawl in your hole; we’re going
to start,” replies Captain Hale, and turning to Manager Wyman continues,
“We may as well allow him to keep his place, for soon as you rout him
out there will be another one ready to crawl in. It’s impossible to get
through this part of the country without being troubled with hoboes.”

We leave Pasco at 12.55 Eastern (9.45 Pacific) time with engine No. 405,
Engineer Tom Allen and Fireman W. W. Thompson, who run us to Spokane,
146 miles. Much of the country through which we are now passing is very
dry and barren-looking, but we are informed by Captain Hale that it is
considered a rich grazing district. From Lind to Sprague, a distance of
45 miles, many large herds of horses and cattle are seen. Just before
reaching Sprague we run for two miles on the border of Spring Lake, a
fine body of water that looks very refreshing after so many miles of dry
and dusty territory. We stop at Sprague a few minutes for water and
notice the place has had a very serious fire not long since.

“Captain,” I ask, addressing Brother Hale, who is near by, “what has
happened to Sprague?” “The town was nearly wiped out about a year ago by
a very bad fire,” is the reply, “and it is a great pity, for Sprague was
a pretty little place and a thriving town. It is the county seat of
Lincoln County, and had a population of about 2000. It is the
headquarters of the Idaho Division of the Northern Pacific Railway, and
the company’s machine shops and roundhouse were completely destroyed and
all those engines ruined,” and he points to where can be seen about a
dozen locomotives, burned and warped, standing on the tracks that had
been the interior of the roundhouse and shops.

Another run of 25 miles through good farming and grazing territory,
interspersed with considerable timber land, brings us to Cheney, where
we again make a short stop. Since crossing the Columbia our course has
been upward, and from an elevation at Kennewick of 350 feet we have now
reached 2300 feet. Cheney is a growing business place of 1200
inhabitants. It is nicely located on the great plateau of the Columbia
and surrounded for many miles with rich farm land and abundant timber.

[Illustration: ELEVATOR A, TACOMA, WASHINGTON.]

[Illustration: SHORE OF LAKE PEND D’OREILLE AT HOPE, IDAHO.]

Here we meet Mr. H. W. McMaster, chief dispatcher of Northern Pacific
Railway at Spokane, whom we find to be a very courteous and agreeable
gentleman. On a sidetrack near where our train stands, Mr. McMaster
shows us the largest locomotive on the Northern Pacific Railway, No.
150. Engine and tender without fuel or water weigh 106 tons; it has a
34-inch cylinder; was built in Schenectady, N. Y., since the first of
the year. They have had it but a short time but find it very
satisfactory. It is in charge of Engineer J. Bruce and is run in the
freight service between Spokane and Pasco. Mr. McMaster accompanies us
to Spokane, where we arrive at 5.20 P. M. Eastern (2.20 P. M. Pacific),
and are met at the station by Dr. E. D. Olmsted, Mayor of Spokane. We
are introduced to the Mayor by Mr. McMaster in a neat little speech. His
Honor responds in a pleasant manner, bidding us welcome and giving us
the freedom of the city. The street railway management offers us the use
and freedom of their lines so long as we wish to remain in the city. We
have but two hours here, and the municipal authorities and street
railway managers vie with one another in their efforts to show us as
much of the city as possible in the short time we will be with them. A
number of carriages are sent around and quickly loaded up, accommodating
about one-half of the party, the remainder board street cars, and we
start on a tour of the city.

Spokane is the county seat of Spokane County, with a population of about
32,000. It occupies a remarkably picturesque location on both sides of
the Spokane River, a mighty mountain torrent, the rush and roar of whose
eternal, resistless energy holds the visitors to-day spellbound and
speechless with admiration, amazement, and awe. We had looked upon, we
supposed, during the past two weeks, all varieties and degrees of
running, rushing, and falling waters, but at no time have we gazed upon
such a tumbling, seething, foaming, roaring torrent as this that now
fascinates us with its sublime grandeur and astounds us with its
terrific force.

Right through the centre of the city, with a fall of 150 feet in the
space of half a mile, this mighty torrent tears, dashing and splashing,
surging and foaming against and amongst the great rocks and boulders
that beset its course with a fury that is indescribable, and we feel as
we gaze upon this wonderful, awe-inspiring spectacle that there is no
more limit to the power of the elements than there is to the measure of
eternity. This magnificent river that never freezes runs the great
electric plant that lights the city and operates 45 miles of electric
railway. It furnishes power for numerous flour and saw mills, factories
and foundries that can be seen in operation along its banks, giving an
aspect of business activity to the place that is a pleasing
manifestation of prosperity and enterprise.

Its fine, substantial, costly church, school, municipal, and other
public buildings and superb private residences are indications that
there is wealth in Spokane. Because of the advantages and facilities of
its admirable location, surrounded by vast forests of valuable timber,
fertile agricultural valleys, rich mining districts, and the traffic of
seven railroads, we predict for Spokane a phenomenal future. It is
destined, we are sure, at an early day to be the first city of the great
Northwest. Not one of the party will ever forget our short visit to

[Illustration: SPOKANE FALLS, SPOKANE.]

[Illustration: SPOKANE, WASHINGTON.]

Spokane. Mr. McMaster took Brothers Maxwell and Reagan around with his
own team and Captain Hale took Manager Wyman. The street-car party was
under the escort of James Mendenhall, Esq., an old schoolmate of Brother
James Matthews. Mr. Mendenhall came West several years ago, located at
Spokane, and engaged in real estate business. He is now one of the
prominent citizens of the place and closely identified with the business
interests and enterprises of the city. We also met Mark Mendenhall,
Esq., a brother of James, who is a leading attorney in Spokane. No, we
will not forget the courtesy and kindness of the good people of Spokane,
and the good people of Spokane will not forget us, for they have only to
remember that on the afternoon of May 27th, 1897, street-railway traffic
was blocked for thirty minutes by a car abandoned by the Pennsylvania
Railroad conductors and kept waiting for them while they viewed the
grandeur of Spokane Falls for half an hour from the rear balcony of the
brewery.

At 7.40 P. M. Eastern (4.40 P. M. Pacific) time we are all aboard our
train once more, and with Engineer Secord at the throttle of engine No.
119 we quickly leave beautiful Spokane far in our rear. Captain Hale is
still with us, his brakeman being A. S. Harding. A hobo is discovered
lying on the truss rods of the combined car; he can be seen by looking
around the side of the car; his position seems a perilous one, but our
train makes no stop till it gets to Hope, 84 miles, so he is allowed to
remain and take his chances. For several miles we pass through
magnificent cattle ranges and fine farming lands. As we approach Hope
the road skirts the shores of Lake Pend d’Oreille for about three
miles, giving us a fine view of this beautiful body of water. We arrive
at Hope 10.00 Eastern (7.00 Pacific) time and stop twenty-five minutes
to change engines. Here a change is also made in time; it changes from
Pacific to Mountain time, one hour later than Pacific and two hours
earlier than Eastern time. Hobo No. 2 changed his position from the
truss rods of the combined car to a pile of ties when the train stopped
at Hope. He was given a lunch by one of the dining-car boys and advised
not to anchor himself in the same place again, as the position was not
only a dangerous one, but very conspicuous. When asked his name he said
it was J. W. Kelsey, that he was trying to get home, had been away for
two years, and wanted to see his mother. Hobo No. 1 lays low, for he
knows should he for a moment vacate his narrow quarters under the
“Lafayette” there would be a scramble for his place. It is growing dusk,
and through the gloom of the dying day we have counted no less than
fifteen skulking forms about the train, watching for an opportunity to
secrete themselves underneath or about the train for the purpose of
obtaining free transportation.

Bidding adieu to big-hearted, genial Captain Hale, who has been with us
for 357 miles, we leave Hope at 10.25 P. M. Eastern (8.25 P. M.
Mountain) time with N. P. engine No. 438, with Engineer Jim Bailey at
the throttle, whose fireman is John Ryan. Conductor William Gilbert has
charge of the train and his brakemen are T. S. McEachran and F. R.
Foote. This crew runs us to Helena, 297 miles. Ten miles from Hope we
cross Clark’s Fork, a branch of the Columbia River,

[Illustration: W. B. HALE, CONDUCTOR NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILWAY.]

and through the gathering darkness we can see that we have entered a
wild and rocky region, the road winding around and among mountain ranges
and snow-capped peaks, following the course of the stream we just
crossed for 60 miles.

Captain Gilbert and his brakemen are lively, interesting company, and
entertain us during the evening with anecdotes and stories of Western
life. “Are you troubled much with tramps, captain?” some one asks, as
Conductor Gilbert, during the conversation, made some allusion to the
profession. “They do not give us much real trouble,” is the reply, “yet
they are a matter of concern, for we are never without them, and need to
be constantly on guard; there is always a Wandering Willie around
somewhere, and you never know what mischief he may be up to. There are
at least a dozen on this train to-night. The trucks are full and several
on top of the cars.” This is rather startling information, and I notice
Brother Sheppard clap his hand on his right hip pocket to make sure the
“critter” is there, and Alfalfa quietly unlocks the cupboard door, where
“our artillery” is kept. I see no sign of fear on the serene countenance
of Captain Gilbert and believe we’re not in danger; yet Brothers Maxwell
and Terry start through the train to make sure the vestibule doors are
barred and step traps fastened down. At Trout Creek, a small station 48
miles from Hope, we stopped for water, and F. Hartman, roadmaster of the
Missoula and Hope Division, got aboard and went with us to Horse Plains.
It is now near midnight, and making my way from the smoker to the
“Marco” I turn in, wondering how the poor fellows who are hanging on to
the brake beams are enjoying themselves, for Bailey with the “438” is
switching them around the curves at a pretty lively rate.


FRIDAY, MAY 28th.

Our arrival in Helena at six o’clock this morning and the announcement
of an early breakfast soon has everybody astir. After breakfast we bid
adieu to jolly, whole-souled Captain Gilbert and his genial crew, and
under the escort of Assistant General Passenger Agent W. Stuart,
Assistant General Ticket Agent C. E. Dutton, and Conductor Dodds, of the
Northern Pacific Railway, and Messrs. E. Flaherty and H. D. Palmer, of
Helena Board of Trade, start out to see the town. Our time is limited,
for we are scheduled to leave at twelve o’clock, and it is impossible to
give all the interesting features of this remarkable city the attention
they deserve. Helena is a wealthy town; it is located in the centre of
one of the richest mining districts in the world; it is the capital of
Montana and the county seat of Lewis and Clarke County, with a
population of about 14,000; it is up to date in its financial,
educational, and religious institutions, and both private residences and
public buildings are models of architectural symmetry, strength, and
beauty. A military post named Fort Harrison has recently been
established here which will be one of the principal points for the
quartering of troops in the Northwest. A ride of almost three miles on
the electric line through this interesting city brings us to the Hotel
Broadwater and “Natatorium,” where the celebrated hot springs are
located. We are given the freedom of the bathing pool, which is one of
the largest and finest under cover in the world. The most of our party
take advantage of the treat, and for an hour the waters of the pool are
almost churned into foam by the sportive antics of the crowd, whose
capers afford great entertainment and amusement for those who do not
care to “get into the swim” with the rest. This place is much resorted
to by tourists, and invalids are said to be much benefited by bathing in
the waters of these hot springs, which are strongly impregnated with
sulphur, salt, and iron and heated by Nature’s process to a very
pleasant temperature.

Leaving the Natatorium we are invited to the immense brewery
establishment of Nicholas Kessler, near by, to await the coming of our
train, which is to be brought here for us, as the railroad runs within a
short distance of the place. Mr. Kessler is a former Pennsylvanian, one
of those hospitable, generous, big-hearted Pennsylvania Dutchmen, and
when he learned we hailed from his native State his pleasure was greater
than he was able to express and his generosity almost boundless. In the
fine pavilion adjoining his establishment he spread us a sumptuous lunch
and seemed aggrieved that we didn’t eat and drink all that was placed
before us, which was enough for 500 people. When at last our train comes
and we bid the old gentleman farewell there are tears in his eyes as he
tells us how happy he is that we called to see him, and that he would
never forget the Pennsylvania Railroad conductors. He accompanies us
over to the train (so do several of his men with boxes on their
shoulders), and as we steam away and leave behind us the city of Helena
and our generous-hearted new-made friends, we notice in the “refreshment
corner” of our combined car a pile of boxes bearing the trade mark of
“Nic” Kessler, and another box containing fine oranges that bears the
mark of H. S. Hepner, a merchant of Helena.

The space between the ice chests beneath the dining car is vacant; our
mascot has fled, having ridden in that uncomfortable position for 782
miles.

It is 12.55 P. M. Helena time when we leave here for Butte over the
Montana Central branch of the Great Northern Railway. We have G. N.
engine No. 458, Engineer Pete Leary, Fireman R. Hanna, Conductor M.
Sweeney, Brakemen F. W. Minshall and F. J. Chapman, who take us to
Butte, a distance of 75 miles. As a guest we have with us Trainmaster J.
W. Donovan, of the Montana Central, who will accompany us to Butte. We
find Mr. Donovan an agreeable and entertaining gentleman who tells us
much that is interesting of the country through which we are passing.
“This branch was built,” says Mr. Donovan, “for almost the sole purpose
of developing the mining interests of the country. You will see very
little of any other industry from here to Butte than mining.”

After leaving Clancy we ascend a steep grade, from which we look down
into a pretty valley that Mr. Donovan tells us is called Prickly Pear
Cañon. Passing Amazon we follow Boulder River for 12 miles as it courses
through the beautiful valley of the same name. Four miles from Amazon we
pass through Boulder and can see that it is a thriving town. “Boulder is
the county seat of Jefferson County,” says Mr. Donovan, “and has a
population of about 1200. It ranks as one of the important cities of
Montana, being in the centre of a rich mining region.”

This is a wonderful mining district through which we are passing, all
the hills and mountain sides being literally honeycombed with the gaping
mouths of mines. Eight miles from Boulder we come to the town of Basin,
“the largest city,” says Mr. Donovan, “in Jefferson County, having a
population of about 200 more than Boulder.” The railroad runs close to
the ruins of what had apparently been a large building recently
destroyed by fire, and we inquire of Mr. Donovan what it had been. “Two
years ago,” he replies, “the Basin and Bay State Smelting Company
erected an immense plant that was destroyed by fire as soon as it was in
operation. To build and equip the plant cost over $100,000, and its
destruction was not only a heavy loss but a serious blow to the mining
industries of Basin and all the adjacent country; but I hear it is to be
rebuilt if the output and value of the ore in this section will warrant
it.”

Our progress has become very slow and engine No. 458 is laboring very
hard. “We are now ascending a grade,” says Mr. Donovan, “of 116 feet to
the mile and have eight miles to go before we reach the summit.” It is a
tedious climb, but we do not weary of viewing the wondrous mountain
scenery. As we slowly approach the top of the grade we obtain an
excellent view of Bison River Cañon, an exceedingly wild, rugged, and
picturesque region. At last we reach the summit at an altitude of 6350
feet above sea level; this is the dividing line between the Atlantic and
Pacific slopes. From this point the waters flow westward to the Pacific
and eastward to the Atlantic Oceans. I look at my watch; it is 7.55 P.
M. in Philadelphia and 5.55 here. We now make better time, and in twenty
minutes we arrive in Butte, and are met by Brother O. L. Chapman, C.
C., and Brother H. C. Grey, secretary and treasurer of Butte Division
No. 294, also Brothers J. H. Dunn and A. H. Elliott, of same division,
who introduce us to Major Dawson, “the man who knows everybody in
Butte,” and to Mr. J. R. Wharton, manager of Butte Street Railway, who
gives us the freedom of his lines. Our people are escorted by the kind
brothers who met us, by carriages and street cars, to the Butte Hotel,
where refreshments are served, after which we are loaded into two large
band wagons and driven through the principal streets of the city. Butte
is a wonderful city, worth a trip across the continent to see. It is
strictly a mining town and has a population of over 38,000. It is
situated near the headwaters of Clark’s Fork of the Columbia River, on
the west slope of the dividing range of the Rocky Mountains. Butte is
the county seat of Silver Bow County, a county marvelously rich in its
mineral products, the aggregate value of its gold, silver, and copper
product for one year reaching the enormous sum of $9,060,917.59; and yet
it is claimed the mining industry in this district is still in its
infancy.

Butte is a city of fine, substantial buildings that are up to date in
style and beauty of architecture, and yet it is a bald and barren town,
for not a tree, a leaf, a bush, a flower, or a blade of grass can we see
anywhere within the length or breadth of its limits. It is surrounded on
every hand by smoking smelters and grinning mines, and its streets are
filled with rugged, stalwart miners. The eight-hour system of labor is
in vogue here, and the mines and smelters run day and night. The great
Anaconda Mine, owned and operated by the Anaconda Company, the richest
mining corporation in the world, extends, we are told, under the very
centre of the city of Butte, the Butte Hotel standing directly over it.
The pay rolls of the mining industries of Butte aggregate $1,500,000
yearly. We are driven out to the Colorado Smelter, and on the way pass
the Centennial Brewery, where a short stop is made to obtain some
souvenirs. We are shown through the great smelter, and when we come out
it has grown quite dark. Our drivers are old stagers and understand
handling the reins. To one wagon are attached six white horses, driven
by W. M. McIntyre, of the New York Life Insurance Company, and to the
other wagon are four bays, driven by Hanks Monk, a well-known character
of the West. Hanks is an old stage driver, and claims to be a son of the
celebrated Hanks Monk of Horace Greeley and Mark Twain fame. Mr. Monk
tells us that he is a Mormon, and a deacon in Salt Lake City Church, but
has only one wife, and has found one to be plenty. He is a genial,
good-hearted fellow, who, notwithstanding the hardships of his rugged
life of fifty-seven years, looks but forty. Hanks claims he followed the
trail for many years and never got far astray, but he will have to
acknowledge that he got off the trail once, when he ran the wagon load
of Pennsylvania Railroad conductors into a sand bank in going from the
Colorado Smelter to the station in Butte on the night of May 28th, 1897.
Hanks, however, redeemed himself by the dexterous and graceful manner in
which he guided those bewildered horses until he struck the proper trail
again, and brought us to the station all O. K. It is 10 o’clock P. M. in
Butte and time for our train to start. We bid our kind and generous
friends and brothers adieu and get aboard. Engine No. 305, in charge of
Engineer J. Else, is drawing us, and Conductor J. A. West has charge of
the train; C. Dunham is our brakeman. We have as a guest on the train
Mr. H. E. Dunn, traveling agent of the Oregon Short Line. After a delay
of an hour at Silver Bow, waiting to get a helper engine to assist up a
grade, we start on our way again at 1.15 A. M. Eastern (11.15 P. M.
Mountain) time, and I make my way to my berth in the “Marco.”


SATURDAY, MAY 29th.

Was awakened this morning between two and three o’clock by a jar that
almost tumbled me out of bed; thought at first our train had left the
track and had run into the side of a mountain; I lay quiet a moment,
expecting another crash. It didn’t come, and I realized our train was
standing still. “Guess I was dreaming,” I said to myself, as I reach
over, raise the window blind, and look out. A freight train is moving
past and our train is motionless. Mrs. S. is awake, and my movement
informs her that I am in the same condition. “What was that?” she
quietly asks, referring to the shock that awakened us. “I don’t know, my
dear, but I’m sure it was something,” I reply, satisfied now that it
wasn’t a dream. We believe the danger is over; that there is nothing to
worry about, and are soon asleep again.

Arose this morning about the usual time and find we have just left
Pocatello, Idaho, 262 miles from Butte City. We have come through much
interesting country while asleep, and have missed seeing the beautiful
Idaho Falls. The shaking up we received last night was caused by
Engineer Oram coupling engine No. 760 to our train at Lima. Oram
miscalculated the distance and banged into our train with more force
than he intended. At Pocatello engine No. 760 is exchanged for O. S. L.
engine No. 735, with Engineer J. Andrews and Fireman Standrod in the
cab, Conductor G. W. Surman and Brakeman H. Hewett, who run us to Ogden,
134 miles.

Pocatello is located in Fort Hall, Indian Reservation, and while passing
through this district we see a number of the natives. Much of the
country is level and covered with sage brush and bunch grass,
constituting immense cattle ranges, with here and there a plot of land
under cultivation, watered by irrigation, while at a distance on either
side can be seen great ranges of snow-capped mountains. We are reminded
of Chester County and home as we see the familiar name of “Oxford” above
a little station door as we fly past, midway between Dayton and Cannon.
We cross the State Line and enter Utah. Coming to Cache Junction, we are
in view of Bear River, that feeds the great irrigating canal constructed
by the Bay State Canal and Irrigating Company at a cost of $2,000,000.
This canal is about 80 miles long, the waters from which irrigate many
thousand acres of land; it is converting this dry and barren desert
country into a land of fertility, fruits, and flowers.

As we approach Ogden this great improvement is very noticeable in the
beautiful, productive farms and homesteads that are seen on every hand.
The most of the settlers through this locality, we are told, are
Mormons, but the aspect of their condition and surroundings show them
to be a thrifty, industrious, enterprising people. We arrive in Ogden at
11.20 A. M., where a stop of only twenty minutes is allowed. We are met
by Conductor E. S. Croker, C. C. of Wasatch Division No. 124, and J. H.
McCoy, of same division, who is yardmaster for the Union Pacific
Railroad at this point. Much as we desire to make a tour of this
interesting city, our limited time will not allow it, but we can see
that it is a thriving business place. It is situated on the western
slope of the Wasatch Range, at an elevation of 4301 feet above sea
level, on a triangle formed by the Weber and Ogden Rivers, which,
uniting a short distance west of the city, flow across the famous
historic valley and empty into the Great Salt Lake.

At Ogden, going west, the Union Pacific Railroad time changes from
Mountain to Pacific time. At 1.40 P. M. Eastern (11.40 A. M. Mountain)
time we start on our way again with R. G. W. engine No. 41, in charge of
Engineer J. Stewart, Conductor George King, and Brakeman J. Crompton.
From Ogden to Salt Lake City we are in continual view of the Great Salt
Lake, and pass a number of evaporating dams, where a large amount of
salt is procured through the process of evaporation. We arrive in Salt
Lake City at 12.30 P. M. Mountain time, and leaving the train we are
again hustled into wagons and driven over the city, the places of
interest being pointed out and explained by the drivers. Time and space
will not permit me to note and describe all the interesting features of
this historic and truly wonderful city. We passed through the famous
Eagle Gateway and halted on a lofty promontory overlooking

[Illustration: “DAN,” SALT LAKE CITY RAILROAD STATION, UTAH.]

[Illustration: GRAVE OF BRIGHAM YOUNG, SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH.]

Temple Square, where we had a grand view of the magnificent $10,000,000
Mormon Temple. Near the Temple is the Tabernacle, an immense,
singular-looking affair, with a roof like the shell of a huge tortoise.
We are shown the Lion House and Beehive House, former residences of
Brigham Young and his large family, and pass the grave where the remains
of the great leader lie. It is a plain, ordinary-looking mound, inclosed
with a common iron fence. The great monument erected to the imperishable
fame of Brigham Young is this beautiful, remarkable city that he founded
fifty years ago. For thirty years he was the temporal and religious
leader of his people here, and Salt Lake City was almost strictly
Mormon. It is exclusive no longer, for of its present population of
65,000 about one-half, we are told, are Gentiles or Christians. “The
Christian Science faith is making rapid advances,” says our driver, “and
many Mormons are being converted to that creed.” Brigham Young was the
father of fifty-six children; when he died he left seventeen widows,
sixteen sons, and twenty-eight daughters to mourn his loss, many of whom
are living yet.

We are driven through Liberty Park, where is still standing the first
flour mill built in Utah. Returning to the train we get dinner, after
which our people scatter through the city to see the sights and gather
more souvenirs. We are all impressed with the beauty and regularity of
the streets, which all cross at right angles, are 132 feet wide,
including the sidewalks, which are 20 feet in width, bordered with
beautiful Lombardy poplar and locust trees. Along each side of the
street flows a clear, cold stream of water, which, with the beauty of
the trees and the sweet fragrance of the locust blossoms, gives to the
city an all-pervading air of coolness, comfort, and repose which is
exceedingly inviting to a warm and weary tourist. The hour grows late
and the time arrives to return to our train, which is sidetracked for
occupancy at the Rio Grande Western depot. Several of our party gather
at the corner of Main and Second South Street to await the coming of a
trolley car that will convey us to the depot, about two miles away.
According to the schedule of the line a car should pass every ten
minutes, but to-night must be an exception, for it is forty-five minutes
before our car arrives, and several of the party have started to walk.
It is near midnight when we reach our train and turn in for the night.


SUNDAY, MAY 30th.

We are all astir bright and early this morning, and after breakfast,
through the courtesy of the managers of the Saltair and Los Angeles
Railway, we are tendered a trip on their line to Saltair, one of the
latest attractions on the Great Salt Lake, 10 miles from the city. We
leave the Rio Grande Western depot at 9.30 on a Saltair and Los Angeles
train with engine No. 2, Engineer A. M. Clayton, Fireman John Little,
Conductor Joseph Risley, Brakeman F. T. Bailey. We have a thirty
minutes’ pleasant ride through an interesting country. The first few
miles we pass through a district of cozy homes, surrounded by fertile
fields and gardens, the result of industry and irrigation; then come
great level stretches of country, utilized as grazing ground, upon which
can be seen feeding thousands of sheep. As we approach the “Great Dead
Sea” of America we see that gathering salt is the chief industry, and we
pass many basins or dams where hundreds of tons of this useful commodity
are procured through the process of evaporation. Arriving at our
destination we find Saltair is a magnificent mammoth pavilion built on
the waters of Great Salt Lake, 4000 feet from shore. A track resting
upon piles connects the pavilion with the mainland, and over this our
train is run.

Saltair was erected in 1893 by Salt Lake capitalists at an expense of
$250,000. It is of Moorish style of architecture, 1115 feet long, 335
feet wide, and 130 feet high from the water to the top of the main
tower. It is over a quarter of a mile from shore and rests upon 2500
ten-inch piling or posts driven firmly into the bottom of the lake. It
contains 620 bath houses or dressing rooms, and connected with each room
is an apartment equipped with a fresh-water shower bath. Visitors who
wish to drink or lunch or lounge will find at their disposal a fine
apartment 151 by 153 feet, furnished with convenient tables and
comfortable chairs, or if it is their desire to “trip the light
fantastic toe,” they will find the ball room always open, a fine piano,
and dancing floor 140 by 250 feet. At night this wonderful place is
lighted by electricity, there being 1250 incandescent and 40 arc lamps,
and above all, in the centre of the building, there is an arc light of
2000 candle power. The bathing season has not opened yet and the water
is said to be cold, but many of us have a strong desire to take a plunge
in this remarkable and famous lake. The temperature of the water is
found to be about 75 degrees, and opinion is divided as to whether or
not it is too cold. Manager Wyman takes off his shoes and stockings and
dabbles in the water. “It is not cold,” he exclaims, “and I’m going in;”
and procuring a bathing suit he is soon splashing in the brine. His
example is rapidly followed by others, until the majority of our party,
both men and women, are floating and floundering around in water so salt
that its density enables one to swim and float with ease, but you are
helpless when you attempt to place your feet upon the bottom; the water
within the bathing limits averages about five feet in depth, and the
bottom is hard, smooth, and sandy. “If you get water in your mouth spit
it out, and if you get it in your eyes don’t rub them,” is the advice
given us by the bath attendant. If you get this water in your mouth you
want to spit it out right away; that part of the caution is unnecessary,
for it is the worst stuff I ever tasted. If you get it in your eyes you
will want to rub them, and rub them hard, but don’t do it, and you will
be surprised how soon the intense smarting will cease.

We love to swim and dive and splash and sport in the water, and have
bathed in many places, but in a brine like this never before. In fact,
it has been said that nothing like it can be found anywhere this side of
the Dead Sea of Palestine. We remained in the water for an hour and all
thoroughly enjoyed its peculiar qualities. Several of the party who
never swam before did so to-day, but it was because they couldn’t help
it, and it was better than a circus to see them. Not one of us regret or
will ever forget our trip to Saltair and our bath in Great Salt Lake.
Strange as it may seem, this great inland sea occupies an altitude 4000
feet higher than the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It is 93 miles long,
with an average width of 43 miles, containing almost 4000 square miles.
It is shallow compared with the depth of other large bodies of water,
its deepest places measuring but 60 feet. A number of islands rise out
of its waters, the largest being Stansbury and Antelope, near its
southern shore. It is between these two islands that beautiful,
destined-to-be-celebrated Saltair is located.

Returning, we arrive at the Rio Grande Western depot about 12.30, and
after partaking of lunch in our dining car we go in a body to attend
services in the Mormon Tabernacle. They were looking for us, for we had
been invited to come, and we find a section of vacant seats awaiting us
near the centre of the immense auditorium. We are all favorably
impressed with what we see and hear, the Mormon manner of worship being
not unlike that of any other church. So far as we can discern, the
speakers make no effort to expound any particular or peculiar creed or
doctrine, but preach charity, love, and duty to one another and
obedience to the laws of God, which is a religion good enough for the
entire world. An attractive feature of the service is the singing, the
choir consisting of 400 voices, accompanied by the music of what is
claimed to be one of the largest church organs in the world, and led by
a gentleman highly skilled in his profession, who manages his great
concourse of singers with remarkable accuracy and precision. This music
is aided and enhanced by the peculiar and marvelous acoustic properties
of the building, which seems to convey and distribute sound in such a
wonderful manner that the entire edifice is filled with the grand and
charming melody. We are all delighted and highly appreciate the
privilege of having been allowed to visit this, one of the noted wonders
of this famous Mormon city. The Tabernacle is an oddly-constructed
building, 250 feet long, 150 feet wide, and 80 feet high, covered with
an oval-shaped roof that, without any visible support except where it
rests upon the walls, spans the vast auditorium beneath, which will seat
over 8000 people.

The place was well filled to-day, and we are told that it is not unusual
to have a congregation of 10,000 within the inclosure during Sabbath
service. There are twenty double doors nine feet in width, which open
outward, like the great doors of a barn, and the floor being on a level
with the ground outside, the vast congregation is enabled to make its
exit in a very few minutes without crowding or confusion.

The services being over, we soon find ourselves outside the building,
but still within the inclosure that constitutes Temple Square. This
square or “block,” containing about ten acres, is surrounded by a wall
two feet thick and fourteen feet high, composed of adobe bricks built
upon a foundation of stone. Four great gates, one on each side, lead
into the inclosure, which is ornamented with fine shade trees and
beautiful flowers, and contains the three famous buildings of the
Mormons, or “Latter Day Saints,” as they prefer to be called. The
Tabernacle, where regular service is held each Sabbath, is the only
edifice to which the public is admitted. Assembly Hall, a large granite
building of unique design, erected in 1880 at a cost of $90,000, is used
exclusively by Church officials for special meetings

[Illustration: THE MORMON TEMPLE AND SQUARE, SALT LAKE CITY.]

pertaining to the business of the Church. The Temple, a grand granite
structure, the building and furnishing of which, we are told, has cost
many millions of dollars, is as a sealed book to the outside world. Its
interior is regarded as holy, consecrated ground, that has never been
contaminated by an “unbeliever’s” presence. To admit a Gentile within
its walls would be a fearful desecration. We cannot get inside, and gaze
in admiration and curiosity upon its grand and massive walls, wondering
what mighty mysteries are hidden within. Near the Temple that he
designed and the corner stone of which he laid stands the statue of
Brigham Young.

Leaving the grounds, our party scatters, some returning to the train and
others strolling around the city. The sun shines very hot, but it is
cool and refreshing in the shade. Mrs. S. and myself make a call on Mrs.
Catharine Palmer, residing on State Street, a sister of Mr. C. K. Dolby,
of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, an acquaintance of mine, who requested
me to call on his sister had I the opportunity while in Salt Lake City.
We are cordially received and spend a pleasant hour with Mr. and Mrs.
Palmer, who are well advanced in years and very comfortably fixed. Their
residence is surrounded by great maple trees, planted by Mr. Palmer many
years ago, and he now loves to sit on his porch under their grateful
shade and enjoy the fruits of his well-spent days of industry and toil.

On our return to the depot I encounter a party of the “boys” under the
escort of Mr. James Devine, chief of Salt Lake City fire department, an
acquaintance of Brother Leary’s, who are starting on a little tour
through the town. I join them, and boarding an electric car we make a
pleasant trip and are shown many places of interest. Mr. Devine is an
excellent guide and entertains us with a number of anecdotes and stories
of the people and their customs. “Who is the present head of the Mormon
Church, Mr. Devine?” I ask. “An old gentleman by the name of W.
Woodruff,” replies Mr. Devine, “but it will not be long, I think, before
they will need another, for Mr. Woodruff is past ninety years of age. A
short time ago, in commemoration of his ninetieth birthday, a family
reunion was held, at which gathering his children, grandchildren, and
greatgrandchildren numbered 90, one direct descendant for each year of
his life. The old man is quite wealthy and owns some of the most fertile
land in the State of Utah, if not in the world. I know it to be a fact
that an experiment was made last year with an acre of his land to
determine the amount of potatoes that can be raised per acre under
favorable conditions, and that acre produced the extraordinary yield of
800 bushels. A like experiment in producing wheat resulted in the
unprecedented yield of 82 bushels.” We can hardly credit this, but Mr.
Devine declares it is true. One of the “boys” has been holding a letter
in his hand, addressed to some friend in the East, and for some time has
been waiting for a chance to deposit it in a letter box without getting
left; at last he sees a chance, and quickly springing from the car when
it stops at a corner to discharge some passengers, he tries to find an
opening in what he supposes is a United States receptacle for letters.
“Hold on, there,” exclaims Chief Devine, “I have a key for that if you
want to get into it.” It is a fire-alarm box into which our brother is
trying to insert his epistle. “Twenty-five dollars fine for tampering
with a fire alarm in this town,” says Brother Maxwell, as the abashed
victim of the mistake returns to the car. “Yer-hef-ner bizness to monkey
with it,” chided Brother Schuler; but the proper place is soon found and
the letter safely mailed.

We called on Jacob Moritz, president of the Utah Brewing Company, of
Salt Lake City, who showed us over his immense establishment and
entertained us in a very generous manner. During the conversation, Mr.
Moritz, while speaking about the decline of polygamy on account of the
vigorous enforcement of the law that forbids a plurality of wives,
recited an incident that came under his observation a short time since.
An old Mormon having several wives fell a victim to the stern mandate of
the law. Being under indictment for a criminal offense results in
disfranchisement, but the old gentleman did not know he could not vote.
Pending his trial an election occurred and the old man went to the polls
to cast his ballot, but was sternly challenged. He was dumfounded at
first, but was soon made to understand why he was denied the privileges
of citizenship. Raising his right hand toward Heaven he exclaimed,
“Gentlemen, you won’t allow me to vote, but, thank God, I have
twenty-four sons who can vote.” “That’s a family of boys to be proud
of,” remarked Brother Leary. “If they were illegally procured,” added
Brother Reilly. Mr. Moritz offered a fine cut-glass goblet to the one
who could come nearest guessing the number of drams it would hold.
Brother Waddington got closest to it and carried off the prize.

Bidding adieu to our kind host, we returned to our train and found
dinner ready in the dining car. Chief Devine returned and took dinner
with us. We also had with us as a guest Mr. Nymphas C. Murdock, of
Charlestown, Wasatch County, Utah. Brother Barrett met Mr. Murdock at
the Tabernacle services this afternoon, and becoming interested in his
conversation invited him to visit our train. Mr. Murdock is a bishop in
the Mormon Church and an intelligent and highly entertaining gentleman.
Fifty years ago, when but ten years of age, he came with his parents,
who were followers of Brigham Young, on that famous journey to the Great
Salt Lake Valley. He has been identified with the Church since its
establishment here, and was the first settler in Charlestown, which is
located about 35 miles west of Salt Lake City, and he has been
postmaster there for 31 years. Mr. Murdock made no effort to intrude
upon us any of the peculiar doctrines or beliefs of his Church, but
answered all our questions in a frank and pleasant manner, giving us a
great deal of useful and interesting information. “Tell us something
about your Temple, Mr. Murdock,” I requested, “and why you consider it
too holy for visitors to enter?” “The Temple is considered holy because
it has been consecrated to holy creeds and devoted to sacred objects,”
answered Mr. Murdock in a solemn, quiet tone. “The spirits of the dead
assemble in the Temple to commune with living friends.” “If that is so I
don’t blame them for excluding the public,” I said to myself, “for if
there is anything that will make a spirit scoot it is the presence of an
unbeliever,” but I remained perfectly quiet, for I felt there was more
coming. “We have a creed,” continued Mr. Murdock, “that declares the
living can be wedded to the dead, and it is in the Temple that this
most sacred of all ceremonies is solemnized and performed.” “I can’t see
how it is possible,” I quietly remarked. “I will explain,” Mr. Murdock
gently said; “to the ‘believer’ it is very plain and simple. Suppose,
for instance, I am betrothed to a woman who sickens and dies before we
are married; if she truly loved me in life her spirit will meet me at
the Temple altar, where marriage rites will be performed that will unite
us for all eternity.” I really think Mr. Murdock is a good and honest
man and believes what he told us, but to us the whole matter seemed like
an interesting fairy story--very pretty, but outside the realm of truth
and reason. There were some pertinent questions in my mind I felt like
asking, but did not wish to injure the feelings or offend a kind and
entertaining guest, and so we bid him good-bye and let him depart in
peace.

A number of our people went over to Fort Douglas this afternoon and were
highly pleased with the trip. George “Alfalfa” was along and met an old
chum over there in the person of William Barnes. William was a messenger
in the employ of Mayor Fitler, Philadelphia, when George and he were
buddies. He likes army life first rate and George says he is a good
soldier. The troops at Fort Douglas are all colored, commanded by white
officers. We are scheduled to leave this evening at nine o’clock, and it
is drawing near the time; our train is at the station and Manager Wyman
has ascertained that our people are all “on deck.” We must not forget
“Dan,” the pet bear at the Rio Grande Western depot. He was captured
several years ago when a cub and has been confined in a pen near the
station ever since. He is a fine big fellow now, and has been faring
well since our visit, for no one of our party thinks of passing the pen
of Dan without giving him some sweetmeats, of which he is very fond. My
last thoughts are of Dan, for finding I have some lumps of sugar and a
few cakes in my pocket, I hasten to his pen and give them to him, and
return just in time to get aboard. We leave promptly at 11.00 P. M.
Eastern (9.00 P. M. Mountain) time, over the Rio Grande Western Railway,
bound for Grand Junction, with the same engine and crew that brought us
from Ogden to Salt Lake City. As a guest we have with us Train
Supervisor Frank Selgrath, who will go with us to Grand Junction. At
Clear Creek, 83 miles from Salt Lake City, we get a ten-wheel engine,
No. 132, to help us up a six-mile grade with a rise of 200 feet to the
mile. This is a fine, picturesque country, we are told, through which we
are passing, but not being able to see in the dark, we cannot judge of
its beauty, and finding it is near midnight I hie away to my little bed
and am soon fast asleep.


MONDAY, MAY 31st.

Awakened this morning about six o’clock by Mrs. S. remarking, “I never
saw the beat! Who would believe that so much of our country is desert?”
I thought she was talking in her sleep, but turning over I find her
gazing out of the window at the rapidly-fleeting landscape. We have
drifted away from the mountains and rocks and are crossing a level,
barren plain. For miles we see no sign of habitation or cultivation, but
now in the distance we catch sight of an irrigating canal, with here and
there a plot of land under cultivation whose fertility and verdure

[Illustration: CHAS. E. HOOPER, OF THE DENVER AND RIO GRANDE
RAILROAD.]

break the hard lines of the desert monotony. We pass a station and upon
the name board we see the word “Fruita,” a singular name, we think, for
a station; but in the two seconds’ glance we have of its surroundings we
can but feel that it is appropriate. Irrigating ditches, fertile fields,
thrifty orchards, and blooming gardens are all seen in that fleeting
glance, and we are more than ever impressed with the fact that it needs
but water to convert these desert tracts into verdant fields. A number
of our people are astir, and we too “turn out.” We find we are in
Colorado, having crossed the State line at Utaline, a little station 35
miles west of Grand Junction, which we are now approaching, and where we
arrive about seven o’clock. We halt here only long enough to change
engines, but in our brief stay we can see that Grand Junction is quite a
town. It has a population of about 4000; is located at the confluence of
the Gunnison and Grand Rivers, with an elevation of 4500 feet; it is
quite a railway centre, being the terminus of both the broad and
narrow-gauge lines of the Denver and Rio Grande, the Rio Grande Western
and the Colorado Midland Railways.

At 9.08 A. M. Eastern (7.08 A. M. Mountain) time we leave Grand
Junction, on the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, with engine No. 522,
Engineer “Cyclone” Thompson, Fireman Bert Roberts, Conductor William M.
Newman, Brakemen J. Grout and O. McCullough. Conductor Hugh Long, of
Salida Division No. 132, and Charles E. Hooper, advertising agent of the
Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, met our train at Grand Junction, and we
find them a pleasing and entertaining addition to our party. They
present us with descriptive time tables, illustrated pamphlets, and
souvenir itineraries of our trip over the wonderful scenic route of the
Denver and Rio Grande Railroad. From Grand Junction to Glenwood Springs
we follow the Grand River through the Valley of the Grand, amid grand
and beautiful scenery. As we approach Glenwood Springs and pass the
little stations of Rifle and Antlers, Brother Sloane grows very
enthusiastic, for this is a noted hunting district, with which our
brother is familiar. From Newcastle to Glenwood Springs, a distance of
12 miles, we traverse closely the north banks of the Grand River, and
parallel with the tracks of the Colorado Midland Railroad on the
opposite side.

Arriving at Glenwood Springs at 9.40 A. M., we go direct from the train
to the springs under the escort of Mr. Hooper, who has made arrangements
to give our party free access to the bathing establishment, where we are
very courteously received, and each one who desires to bathe is
furnished with a suit and a dressing room. Steps lead down into the
pool, which is about an acre in size and filled with warm, sulphurous
water to the depth of four to five feet. The hot water, at a temperature
of 120 degrees, gushes into the pool on one side at the rate of about
2000 gallons per minute, and on the opposite side an ice-cold mountain
stream pours in at about the same rate, keeping the water at a pleasant
bathing temperature.

We spent an hour in the pool and enjoyed it mightily. How much fun we
had we can never tell, but we know we had fun, and other people knew it,
too, for the following item appeared in to-day’s _Avalanche_, an
afternoon Glenwood Springs paper:--

[Illustration: BATHING POOL AT GLENWOOD SPRINGS, COLORADO.]

[Illustration: IN THE POOL AT GLENWOOD SPRINGS.]


                       “CONDUCTORS IN THE POOL.

“The Pennsylvania Railroad conductors who arrived in Glenwood Springs
this morning from the West had more fun in the pool than a lot of wild
Indians. Their shouts of mirth and their laughter could be heard at
Cardiff, three miles south. If the Indians ever had as much fun in that
pool as those Pennsylvania Railroad conductors, then, Wampam woopham
longheir spookham.”

We all feel that this item does us great honor, but we are puzzled for
awhile to understand the meaning of the closing expression, until one of
our party who had made a study of savage classic lore interpreted it as
meaning, “Yankem, spankem, daredevil blankem.”

After leaving the pool, another hour was spent in visiting the sulphur
springs and vapor cave and in writing and mailing letters. The latter we
did in the beautiful Hotel Colorado, which is located near the bathing
establishment and is said to be one of the finest-equipped hotels
between the Atlantic and Pacific. The Grand River separates the baths
from the town, and is crossed by a double-decker bridge, the lower deck
for vehicles, the upper for pedestrians. We recrossed the bridge and
after a short wait for our train to be brought to us we again got
aboard, and at 3.00 P. M. Eastern (1.00 P. M. Mountain) time left
Glenwood Springs bound for Salida.

For 16 miles we wind through the cañon of the Grand River, and view with
feelings of admiration and awe those towering walls of rock of such
peculiar construction and varied colors that we wonder what remarkable
process of Nature could have ever formed them thus. At Gypsum, 25 miles
from Glenwood Springs, Grand River disappears from view and we come in
sight of Eagle River, following it for several miles. We pass great beds
of lava and can see, away in the distance, a burned and blackened course
where the lava had flowed down a chasm in the mountain, perhaps
thousands of years ago. On the plateaus, at the foot of towering cliffs,
are numerous little farms in a thrifty state of cultivation. We stop at
Minturn to change engines, and bid “Cyclone” Thompson and his trusty
fireman, Bert Roberts, good-bye.

We leave in a few minutes with engine No. 524. Engineer Al. Philliber
and Fireman Charley Wilcox are in the cab, “Billy” Newman and his
brakemen remain with us. Conductor Newman is a member of Denver Division
No. 44 and an enthusiastic lover of the order. He is a model conductor
and an entertaining companion. E. A. Thayer, Esq., superintendent of
hotel, dining, and restaurant service, is our guest from Glenwood
Springs to Salida, and we find him an interesting gentleman. Brother
Dougherty has found an old friend in Brother Hugh Long, and he has much
enjoyment in his company. Charley Hooper is everybody’s friend and
always has an admiring, interested group around him, and if we could
only remember all that Charley tells us we could write an intensely
interesting volume. He is perfectly familiar with all of this wonderful
country and is an exceedingly interesting companion.

Soon after leaving Minturn we enter Eagle River Cañon, whose sloping,
pine-fringed walls rise to the height of over 2000 feet on either side,
almost shutting out the light of day. A heavy shower adds to the gloom,
but does not detract from the interest, for these mighty mountain sides
are honeycombed with hundreds of mines and dotted with the cabins of the
miners. It is very curious and wonderful to see a human habitation
hanging, as it were, a thousand feet in the air, on the side of a
mountain, where it would seem a mountain goat could hardly obtain a
foothold; yet there they are, and many of them--in one place an entire
village of red and white cottages, so very high up that they look like
miniature houses or dove cots suspended in the air. The products of the
mines are lowered to the railroad tracks by means of tramways operated
by endless chains or cables, and material is conveyed to the lofty
residents by the same novel arrangement.

For four miles we wind up through this marvelous mountain ravine, deeply
interested in the wonderful sights and scenery of this extraordinary
mining industry. A short stop is made at Belden, where extensive gold
mines are in operation, but so high up on the mountain side are the
shafts or entrances to the mines that it is impossible to visit them in
the limited time we have. Since leaving Minturn our course has been
gradually upward, and we have Engineer Amberson, with helper engine No.
513, to assist us up the grade. Emerging from the famous and
never-to-be-forgotten Eagle River Cañon, we shortly come to the mining
town of Red Cliff. It is a lively, thrifty place of about 1000
inhabitants, has an elevation of 8671 feet, and is surrounded by grand
mountain scenery. From this point Mr. Hooper directs our attention to a
view of the Mount of the Holy Cross, but only a glimpse is obtained of
the great white cross and then it is lost to view. “Distance lends
enchantment to the view,” quotes Mr. Thayer. “Do you know,” he
continues, “were it possible to transport you to the summit of yonder
mount, 20 miles away, and set you down, you would see no semblance of a
cross? You would only see rugged rocks, desolate peaks, and snow-filled
ravines; you would look in vain for the sublime and typical beauty that
you so easily discern 20 miles or more away. You would see, were you in
a proper location, the conditions and materials that make your beautiful
picture. A great valley or ravine extends down the mountain side, into
which the snows of many Winters have drifted. This is one of Nature’s
perpetual ice houses, whose supply never becomes exhausted. Across the
face of the mountain, near the summit, crossing this ravine at right
angles, is another great depression or fissure, likewise filled with
perpetual ice and snow. All the surroundings are rugged, rough, and
broken, and you would never think of looking for the likeness of a cross
in the wild, bleak desolation of ice-bound, snow-filled mountain chasms.
Distance, however, obliterates the rocks and roughness and smooths the
rugged features of the mountain side, and the great white cross of snow
stands out in bold relief, as though formed of carved and polished
marble. It is a pretty picture, and one that the imagination and
sentiment of man have almost rendered sacred.”

We are now approaching Tennessee Pass, and our engines are working hard
as they climb the steep ascent. Our progress is slow, but so much the
better, as it gives us an opportunity to contemplate and enjoy the
indescribable beauty of this famous mountain scenery. We reach the pass
shortly after four o’clock, at an altitude of 10,418 feet, the highest
point on the main line of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad. Here we
again cross the Great Continental Divide and enter the Atlantic slope.
Mr. Hooper calls our attention to a tiny stream of water flowing near
the track, remarking as he does so, “That is the headwaters of the
Arkansas River. We follow it for a number of miles and it will be
interesting to notice it gradually increasing in size and volume as we
proceed.” Our course is slightly downward and our rate of speed
increases. We soon reach Leadville, where we halt for half an hour. The
time is insufficient to allow us to visit the town, but we get out and
look around. A train of freight cars is standing on a sidetrack a short
distance away, loaded with ore, and the “boys” are told to help
themselves. A number avail themselves of the opportunity of procuring
Leadville “specimens” for souvenirs. The pieces carried away, I imagine,
contain but very little of the precious metal, for I believe, judging
from the appearance, that the “specimens” are being obtained from a
train load of railroad ballast. I tell Brothers Sparks and Matthews and
some of the rest my convictions, but they call me a “tenderfoot” and say
I “don’t know a good thing when I see it.” Maybe I don’t, but I have a
chunk of that stuff in my pocket that I will take home and exhibit to my
friends as a specimen of Leadville gold quartz, and if they know no more
about the material than I do they will believe it. If it is but a stone,
I will prize it as a souvenir from the most noted mining camp of the
West.

Leadville first became famous in 1859 as the richest gold-mining camp in
Colorado, and was known as “California Gulch.” Five million dollars in
gold dust were washed from the ground of this gulch the first five years
after its discovery, then for fourteen years it lay almost dormant,
until in 1878 rich deposits of silver were discovered. At that time the
place took a new lease of life, was renamed Leadville, and has been a
booming city ever since. It now has a population of 15,000 inhabitants
and is the county seat of Lake County. Leadville has an elevation of
10,200 feet, enjoying the highest altitude of any city of its size in
North America, if not in the world. It lies amid some of the grandest
and most magnificent scenery to be found anywhere, and is surrounded by
towering, snow-capped mountain peaks, whose glistening summits almost
pierce the sky. We find the atmosphere cool and bracing, but so
exceedingly rare that a brisk walk or short run will make you pant for
breath. I found this out when I ran to the sidetrack for a piece of
“ballast.”

Our half hour is up and Conductor Newman and Manager Wyman are shouting
“All aboard!” We scramble on, and at 7.40 P. M. Eastern (5.40 P. M.
Mountain) time our train pulls out and we leave in our rear an
interesting, picturesque, and famous town. At Malta, five miles from
Leadville, we lay on a sidetrack ten minutes waiting for a train we meet
at this point. Leaving Malta, we pass through a fertile valley, through
which flows the Arkansas River, that we notice is rapidly growing larger
and more turbulent. We are still running parallel with the Colorado
Midland Railroad, which for miles is within fifty feet of the Denver and
Rio Grande. We notice a severe storm raging on a mountain not far away,
and it seems to be snowing hard at the summit.

[Illustration: WALTER W. TERRY, OF THE COMMITTEE.]

As we pass Buena Vista, 25 miles west of Salida, the setting sun is
shining upon the snow-crowned summits of the collegiate group of
mountain peaks, Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, and many are the
exclamations of pleasure and delight at the beauty and grandeur of the
sight. These three peaks, each over 14,000 feet in height, are a part of
the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains. With their cloud-veiled crests
wreathed in perpetual snow, those majestic, rugged giants are ever
subjects of interest and pleasure to tourists; but this evening the
setting sun has transformed their crowns of glistening snow into
dazzling diamonds, and the veil of fleecy clouds that hang about their
summits into a gorgeous canopy of purple, silver, and gold. It is a
scene of transcendent loveliness and grandeur. No wonder our people are
in ecstasies of delight. Mrs. Dougherty claps her hands, and Mrs.
Matthews exclaims, “Jimmie, look!” Jimmie, Waddie, Oscar, and the
Colonel suspend their interesting game of euchre and turn their
attention for a moment to the mountains and the clouds. Mrs. Horner has
such an expression of intense rapture in her face that Sam, thinking she
is about to have a fit, pours a glass of ice water down her back. Mrs.
Mattson says she believes she has an artist’s soul, for a sight like
this makes her nerves tingle and her mouth water, and the Doctor,
standing near, is explaining to an interested circle the philosophy of
sunshine, clouds, and colors in their relation to towering, snow-crowned
peaks. Suddenly mountain views are obstructed and the light of day is
almost excluded by massive walls of rock that encompass us. We have
plunged into Brown’s Cañon, a mighty chasm in the mountain, between
whose towering cliffs there is just room enough for the Arkansas River
and the railroad. For many, many years the river held undisputed sway
and rushed unaccompanied and alone through this rocky, desolate gorge,
till then the railroad came. The nerve and daring of the men who brought
it were equal to the task. They followed the foaming river into this
wild ravine and fearlessly built their tracks upon its spray-bathed
banks; and now as train and river rush headlong together through this
narrow, dark defile, the snort of the locomotive and rumble of the train
mingles with the roar and gurgle of the tumultuous torrent.

We emerge from the cañon as suddenly as we entered it, and the broad,
fertile valley of the Arkansas greets our vision. It is a pleasant
change. Still following the river, we traverse the valley until at 7.55,
as daylight is fading and it is growing dusk, our train comes to a stop
in Salida. We are met at the station by Superintendent R. M. Ridgway,
Trainmaster G. H. Barnes, and Chief Dispatcher W. Rech, of the Denver
and Rio Grande Railroad, who give us a cordial welcome and kindly inform
us that arrangements have been made to give us a trip to-morrow over the
narrow-gauge road to Marshall Pass and return. Escorted by Mr. Hooper
and Conductor Newman, a number of us start out to see the town.

Salida is a quiet, clean, orderly, picturesque little mountain town of
about 3500 inhabitants. It is situated on the Arkansas River, with an
elevation of 7050 feet. We accept an invitation to visit the fine
parlors of the Salida Club and are royally treated by the members
present. Our bosom friend and life preserver, Tom McDonald, is along,
and proves to be quite an expert with the billiard cue, giving his
opponent, Dr. Mattson, a hard hustle in the game they play. A party of
our ladies get on our trail and overtake us at the club. They present
the bachelor brothers of the party each with a miniature souvenir spoon,
but give no explanation why this is done. The inference is that it is
but an act of sisterly good-fellowship that needs no interpretation.
Following the presentation of the spoons the ladies entertain us for
half an hour with excellent singing and music on the piano. As it draws
near midnight we return to our train and turn in. Some of the “boys,” it
is noticed, are not with us when we reach the train, and to them I will
have to ascribe another line of “unwritten history.”


TUESDAY, JUNE 1st.

Everybody is up bright and early this morning, in anticipation of the
promised trip up the mountains to Marshall Pass. After breakfast we
board a special train on the Denver and Rio Grande Narrow-Gauge
Railroad, and at 8.12 o’clock start on a novel and interesting ride of
25 miles over a road that is a marvel of engineering ingenuity and
skill. It requires two engines to make the laborious ascent, which in
many places is 211 feet to the mile. Our engines are No. 175, manned by
Engineer Sam Roney and Fireman W. Brewster; helper engine No. 400,
Engineer W. D. Yates, Fireman M. M. Smith. Conductor M. Guerin has
charge of the train, and the brakemen are Tom Kelley and F. Duncan.

Five miles from Salida we reach Poncha Junction, and here the winding
and climbing commences in earnest. The weather since we started has
become unfavorable; clouds obscure the sun and hide the summits of the
surrounding peaks. It has commenced to rain, but the rain lasts only for
a little while. As we ascend the clouds become lighter, and finally we
see the sun and the sky. Looking down, the clouds and mist hide the
valleys from our sight--we are above the clouds and rain; looking up, we
behold the brightest, bluest sky we have ever seen; and still our course
is upward. Our engines snort and cough and puff as they slowly climb and
wind the spiral pathway that leads to the wind-swept summit.

As we near the top we have a magnificent unobstructed view of grand,
majestic mountain scenery. Near by looms up mighty Mt. Ouray, an extinct
volcano, down whose rugged sides, ages ago, the molten lava flowed;
fire-scarred and grim he stands, a silent, frowning sentinel guarding
the mountain pass. His companion, Mt. Shaveno, is near, his towering
summit being crowned with eternal snow. Mounts Ouray and Shaveno were
named in honor of the famous Ute Indian chiefs, and are everlasting
monuments to the memory of a once powerful tribe.

Far in the distance, many miles to the south, can be seen, mingling with
the sky and clouds, the gleaming peaks of the Sangre de Cristo
Mountains, the grandest range of the Sierras. All this range of vision,
from Ouray to Sangre de Cristo, is filled with picturesque valleys,
timbered hills, mountain cañons, towering peaks, and glistening snow.
While we are feasting our eyes upon this grandeur, suddenly it is shut
out from view, for we have entered a dismal snow shed. The train stops
and our journey is ended. We get out of the train,

[Illustration: COLONEL AND MRS. MITCHELL AT MARSHALL PASS.]

[Illustration: THE “COMMITTEE” AT MARSHALL PASS.]

and looking around, we see a door that leads from the shed, which we
pass through, and find snowdrifts six feet deep and the wind blowing a
gale.

I see Brother Restein snap his kodak at Colonel and Mrs. Mitchell as
they bravely face the wintry blast; the committee is lined up and he
also snaps at them. Steps lead to a lofty tower and a number of us
ascend. Some start and turn back; the exertion makes your heart beat
like a trip hammer, cuts your wind, and makes you dizzy. We who reach
the top do not tarry long; the view is magnificent, but the wind is
cold. Overcoats and wraps were brought along and they are needed; the
thermometer registered eleven last night, and now it stands at
thirty-three. It is a bleak, barren, wind-swept place, and yet it is
healthy.

A family has been living here for five years. The husband and father is
employed on the road and the mother has charge of the station. She has
never been absent from the place, she says, since they took up their
residence here. The oldest child was an infant when they came, and two
have been born since. They are fine, healthy children, and have never
been sick. A doctor has never visited them, she says, because one has
never been needed. We are ready to leave before the train is ready to
take us; a short visit to a place like this is sufficient. Several of
the “boys” amuse themselves by snowballing one another and washing with
snow the faces of some of the “girls.”

Marshall Pass is 10,852 feet above the level of the sea, and is situated
upon a point of the Great Continental Divide--on the ridge pole, as it
were, between the Atlantic and Pacific slopes. Within the dingy snow
shed where our train is standing we notice water slowly trickling down
the bank into the ditch along the track; it makes a tiny stream, just
large enough to flow, and we can see that it is running in each
direction. A number of us place our fingers upon the dividing line, thus
literally touching a point of the very comb of the great water shed
between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Our return is made with more speed than our ascent, but in a very
careful manner; helper engine 400 is detached and sent ahead. The
descent is made by gravity, the air brakes being used to keep the train
under control. Engineer Roney deserves great credit for the careful
manner in which he handles the train. A stop of five minutes is made at
Mear’s Junction, where we make the acquaintance of Station Agent Smith,
who, along with his duties as station agent and telegraph operator, is
an artist of merit; a number of pictures of mountain scenery that he has
painted adorn the walls of the station rooms.

When we get back to Salida and to our train it is 2.05 P. M. Eastern
(12.05 P. M. Mountain) time. We find our friend McDonald looking for us,
with an abundant lunch prepared, which we heartily appreciate and
thoroughly enjoy. We are scheduled to leave here at one o’clock, and as
it is nearing that time, we bid adieu to the good people of Salida who
have shown us such a royal time, and at one o’clock, sharp, we steam
away from the pretty little town, bound for Colorado Springs, 142 miles
nearer home.

Leaving Salida we have engine 509, in charge of Engineer John Carr and
Fireman R. Wilmonger. Our conductor is J. E. Duey, a member of Arkansas
Valley Division No. 36, of Pueblo, Col. Brother Duey enjoys the
notoriety of being a cousin to the late Jesse James, the famous bandit
and train robber. The brakemen are S. G. Carlisle and William Shoemaker.
Charlie Hooper is still with us, and at present is busily engaged in
distributing fine photographic pictures of scenes along the picturesque
Denver and Rio Grande Railroad. Mr. Hooper’s kindness and generosity are
greatly appreciated, and the pictures will be highly prized as valuable
souvenirs of our trip. In addition to Mr. Hooper we have with us as
guests Brothers W. Newman and Frank Smith, of Division 44, and Harry
Hart, of Division 36. A short stop is made at Parkdale, 46 miles from
Salida, where we meet Rev. John Brunton, who is invited to accompany us
to Pueblo. Mr. Brunton, who is an old engineer, retired from active
service, is First Division Chaplain, and has charge of the employés’
reading room in Pueblo. He is an entertaining old gentleman; says he is
employed to fight the devil, who is always sneaking around after
railroad men. Brother Houston says, “A man like that is needed on the
Schuylkill Division.” No one replies to this insinuation, except Brother
Reagan, who merely says, “Sure.”

Soon after leaving Parkdale we enter the Grand Cañon of the Arkansas,
which is 8 miles in length and the crowning wonder of all the marvelous
sights we have yet beheld; a mighty pathway, right through the heart of
the Rocky Mountains, hewn by Nature through inaccessible towering
mountain walls. Through this narrow gorge, whose perpendicular walls
rise to the height of over 2000 feet, the crowded, pent-up waters of the
Arkansas River rush and roar and foam. There is scarcely space for both
railroad and river, but with an audacity that knows no shrinking the
intrepid engineers entered the walled-up, darksome cañon, and, following
the intricate winding of the surging stream, laid their tracks of steel
along its foam-flecked bank. Beyond a doubt it is the most daring feat
of railroad engineering ever performed. When half way through the awful
Royal Gorge is reached, here the river holds despotic, undisputed sway
for a distance of 100 feet. There is no bank to lay the tracks upon;
from wall to wall the river surges, leaps, and roars. From out the water
those mighty walls, built by Nature’s hand, run right straight up, 2600
feet in the air. Ingenuity and nerve solves the problem; a bridge is
built parallel with the river’s course, one side resting upon a granite
ledge, hewn in the side of the cliff, the other side suspended from rods
attached to the overhanging wall of the opposite cliff. Over this
construction the trains securely pass, while underneath the torrent
rushes on.

Before reaching the bridge our train stops, and as many as wish get out
and walk over, in order to obtain a good view of the awe-inspiring
grandeur of the Royal Gorge. It is truly a wonderful sight, and one we
will never forget. We do not tarry long to contemplate the scenery, for
a mean, commonplace shower of rain is falling, and we hurry to the train
to avoid getting wet.

Issuing from the cañon, we enter a broad and fertile valley, through
which flows the ever-present Arkansas River, and in a short time pass
through Cañon City, a town of considerable importance, having a
population of 3000, and the county seat of Fremont County. The State
penitentiary is located here, and near by are mineral springs of great
value, making it a favorite resort

[Illustration: THE ROYAL GORGE AND HANGING BRIDGE, GRAND CAÑON OF THE
ARKANSAS.]

for those in quest of retirement or health. We didn’t stop. The sight of
the broad, unfettered freedom of the fertile Arkansas Valley, with its
hundreds of acres of fine orchards and miles of magnificent grazing
land, is a pleasure and relief after so much cramped and rocky glory,
and gloomy, walled-up grandeur.

Pueblo is reached at 6.25 P. M. Eastern (4.25 P. M. Mountain) time, and
a stop of ten minutes is made for the purpose of changing engines. We
have not time to take in the city, but we disembark and take a look
about the depot, which is called Union Station, being the joint property
of five different roads and used by them all, namely, the Denver and Rio
Grande, Santa Fé, Missouri Pacific, Rock Island, and Union Pacific,
Denver and Gulf. The building is composed of red sandstone, a handsome
structure, and is commodious and convenient. Pueblo, though situated in
a valley or basin surrounded on three sides by distant mountain ranges,
enjoys an elevation of 4668 feet. It has a population of 40,000
inhabitants, is the centre of extensive mining industries and immense
railroad traffic. Because of its great, ever-smoking smelters, and
glowing furnaces and foundries, Pueblo is often called the “Pittsburgh
of the West.” The Arkansas River flows through the heart of the city,
but is not navigable, and its sloping banks are neatly walled to prevent
overflow in time of freshet. Bidding good-bye to our old new-found
friend, Rev. Brunton, and waving adieu to the 509 and the gallant men in
her cab who brought us safely through such scenes of weird, bewildering,
perilous grandeur, we start on our way again with engine 534, in charge
of Engineer Henry Hinman and Fireman George Courtly. Conductor Duey and
Brakemen Carlisle and Shoemaker go with us to Colorado Springs.

After leaving Pueblo we pass through an extensive oil district, where
many wells are in operation, and we are told the yield is very heavy. We
arrive in Colorado Springs at 8.20 P. M. Eastern (6.20 P. M. Mountain)
time, and escorted by Brothers Newman, Hart, Smith, and Mr. Hooper, we
start out to see the town. Colorado Springs is a model town. It is
quiet, clean, and dry; in fact, it is _very dry_, being entirely and
teetotally temperance. But this is a commendable trait; we find no
fault, and are all impressed with the morality and good order which
prevail. It is a healthy place; the houses are not crowded together. The
population is 12,000; the town has an elevation of 5982 feet, and covers
an area of four square miles. It is much resorted to by invalids, and
thousands, we are told, are yearly benefited by taking advantage of its
exhilarating atmosphere, favorable climatic conditions, and the pleasure
and enjoyment derived from interesting and beautiful natural
environments.

Soon after starting out we encounter Brother D. F. McPherson, secretary
and treasurer of Holy Cross Division 252, of Leadville, who joins us in
our rambles. After giving the quiet little city a pretty thorough
inspection, we are grouped upon a corner discussing where we shall go
next. “We have shown you the most cleanly and orderly town in the State
of Colorado,” remarks Mr. Hooper, “and now I would like to show you just
the reverse; we will take the next car and slip over to Oldtown.” In two
minutes the car comes, and getting aboard, a ride of two miles brings us
to the

[Illustration: ASCENT OF PIKE’S PEAK BY MANITOU AND PIKE’S PEAK RAILROAD
(COG WHEEL).]

neighboring town, where it seems every third door is a saloon and
gambling resort. Wherever we go there is turmoil and excitement. We see
no outbreaks of strife, but in these crowded gambling rooms we visit,
the swarthy miner and reckless stockman jostle one another in their
eagerness to reach the tempting roulette wheel or alluring faro table.
We can see they are excited, although they are calm, but it is the
calmness of suppressed emotion, and we are careful as we move among them
not to tread upon their toes; not that we are afraid to tramp their toes
if we want to, but we don’t want to; we didn’t come out West to make
trouble, so we are always careful what we do, if we are not so careful
where we go.

Getting enough of Oldtown, we board a car and are soon back in sedate
Colorado Springs and seek our train, that is sidetracked for occupancy
near the station. I size up the crowd as they file in and find some are
missing; they have dropped out of the ranks and escaped us, and--more
“unwritten history.” It is near midnight, all is dark and silent, and we
quietly seek our berths.


WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2d.

All are up about the usual time this morning, and after breakfast
Manager Wyman announces that those who wish to make the ascent of Pike’s
Peak will take the 8.30 train on the Colorado Springs and Manitou Branch
for Manitou, six miles away, where the Manitou and Pike’s Peak railway
station is located. The 8.30 train starts with about half of our party
on board. It is cloudy and we are afraid the weather will be unfavorable
for the trip. When we arrive at the station in Manitou we can see that
the great mountain is enveloped in fog and mist. We hesitate about going
up, but the station agent receives a telephone message from the summit,
saying the weather up there is clear, and the most of us decide to go.
And when at 9.40 we start, I notice the occupants of the car and find
the following members of our party aboard: Mr. and Mrs. Wyman, Mr. and
Mrs. Maxwell, Mr. and Mrs. Layfield, Mr. and Mrs. Horner, Mr. and Mrs.
Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Dougherty, Mr. and Mrs.
Climenson, Mr. and Mrs. Foulon, Mr. and Mrs. Elder, Mr. and Mrs. Reilly,
Mr. and Miss Barrett and a lady friend, Miss Emma Leibing; Mr. Reagan
and a lady friend, Miss Jennie Heaney; Mrs. Mattson, Messrs. Waddington,
Haas, Taylor, Crispen, Denniston, Moore, Williams, Sloane, Kilgore,
Restein, and myself. The car is pushed by engine No. 4, in charge of
Engineer D. M. Jones. This little locomotive is an odd-looking thing,
built expressly for this line by the Baldwin Locomotive Works, of
Philadelphia, Pa. It has four cylinders and carries 200 pounds steam
pressure. It is constructed with two cog wheels underneath its centre,
which operate in corresponding cog rails placed in the centre of the
track, and has the appearance of being a strong and safe appliance.
Engine and car are not coupled together, but the engine in the rear
pushes the car ahead of it, which gives the tourist a fine, unobstructed
view of the scenery.

The grade averages almost 900 feet to the mile, which we ascend at the
rate of about five miles per hour. The road is almost nine miles in
length and we are one hour and forty-five minutes making the ascent,
having left

[Illustration: GATEWAY TO THE GARDEN OF THE GODS, COLORADO; PIKE’S PEAK
IN THE DISTANCE.]

the station at Manitou at 9.40 and arriving at the summit at 11.25. We
thought it was a slow trip and a tedious climb, but it wasn’t when we
consider the experience of some other people in connection with this
mountain several years ago. Ambition and desire are strong impulses in
human nature, often having more influence than a sense of duty.

When Major Zebulon M. Pike first sighted this mountain that bears his
name on the morning of November 13th, 1806, he had a burning desire to
give it a close inspection, and led his followers a ten days’ rugged
march before he reached its base. From this point he looked up to its
apparently inaccessible snow-crowned summit, and concluded it would be
impossible to scale its rocky, bouldered sides. Retiring from the
locality, he reported that he “had discovered a grand mountain peak,
bare of vegetation and covered with snow, but he believed that no human
being could ever ascend to its pinnacle.”

When, thirteen years afterwards, on the morning of July 13th, 1819, Dr.
Edwin James and his four comrades stood and gazed upon the terribly wild
and awful grandeur of this mighty mountain peak, they faced the same
conditions that caused the intrepid Pike to turn his back upon the scene
and withdraw: perpendicular cliffs whose walls no man can climb,
enormous rocks and giant boulders impossible to remove or surmount,
great chasms that cannot be crossed or bridged, deep, wild ravines that
seem to be impenetrable. All this they saw, yet they did not hesitate,
for they were filled with a wild ambition and burning desire to
accomplish what Pike had not dared to undertake. So they started, and
after two days of perilous hardship and toil they reached the summit,
on July 14th, 1819.

Their ambition was gratified, and so is ours. We did not come up for
pleasure, for there is no pleasure in it; the novelty of the thing
brought us here, and we find it novel enough. We wanted to stand on the
apex of these snow-bound, wind-swept, zero-blistered heights, 14,147
feet above the beating billows of the sea, and see what it is like. We
are finding out; it is colder than Chestnut Hill in midwinter. The snow
is six feet deep and the wind whistles a tune as it sweeps through
Colonel Layfield’s whiskers. The sun is shining when we get out of the
car, and with the snow whirling down our backs and tears streaming from
our eyes we spend three minutes looking down upon the far-away valley
scenery and the towns of Manitou and Colorado Springs. Then we enter the
old Government signal station, which has been turned into a curio shop,
telegraph office, post office, and restaurant. We find the temperature
more congenial, and put in the time examining and purchasing novelties
which are neither valuable or cheap, but are wanted for souvenirs. We
buy postal cards at ten cents each and mail them to friends, and send
telegrams at five cents per word. Manager Wyman sends a dispatch to
Ticket Receiver Stackhouse, Philadelphia, informing him of our
whereabouts and condition, but he couldn’t tell it all. The message
didn’t tell how near Waddie was to being fired off the train at Hell
Gate because he couldn’t find his ticket, as Restein had it in his
pocket; nor how eager Sloane was to chase the badger we saw running over
the rocks above Timber Line, but the conductor wouldn’t stop the train
to let him off.

[Illustration: ON PIKE’S PEAK: ALTITUDE 14,147 FEET.]

We have got enough of Pike’s Peak and are ready to go, but the engine is
away with the snow plow and we will have to wait for its return. We have
seen all there is to be seen and have bought what souvenirs we want. My
last purchase was a tissue-paper napkin; I gave thirty cents for it, but
had a cup of coffee and a sandwich thrown in. Our engine has returned
and we go out to get in the car. The sun is hidden by a great dark
cloud, the wind blows harder than ever, and the car is locked up. A
photographer is on hand with his outfit and wants to take a picture;
somebody ought to throw him over the precipice. We are huddled about the
end of the car like a tempest-stricken flock outside a sheepfold gate,
shivering and shaking in the blast. As the picture fiend adjusts the
camera it begins to snow; in thirty seconds we are in a raging blizzard,
the instrument snaps and the car door is unlocked, but before we all get
inside many of us are covered with snow.

We are in the storm until we get below Timber Line, and the force of the
wind drives the snow across the car as it sifts through the ventilators
and in around the windows, and some of us are feeling pretty groggy. I
do not like the sensation; when I speak I talk through my hat, and my
ear drums feel ready to burst. When I go up so high again I want to go
to stay; there may be such a thing as becoming acclimated.

The descent is made in a careful manner, with the engine in front. We
arrive safely in Manitou at 1.40 P. M., and the party scatters. Some
return to Colorado Springs and some drive through the Garden of the
Gods. Many who did not ascend the peak have had a good time visiting
other interesting places, and tell interesting stories of the
remarkable things they saw. The little burros or donkeys are in evidence
everywhere, and several of our people got their photos taken seated on
these cute little animals with the Balance Rock in the background. Some
of the timid ladies of our party, I am told, are shy of these meek
little creatures, saying they look fierce and dangerous because their
ears are so large. The only danger is in their hind feet, for they can
kick very quick and hard, injuring one another sometimes in this way
when they get to frolicking, which they often do.

Brother Schuler was in one of the carriages that drove through the
“Garden of the Gods” to-day, and it is interesting to hear him relate in
his inimitable manner the many curious things to be seen. A heavy
thunder and hail storm descended upon Manitou this afternoon, with
another blizzard on the peak, and the weather has become quite cool.
Mrs. E. T. Postlewaite took dinner with us to-day as a guest of Brother
and Mrs. Springer. Our people are scattered this evening, amusing
themselves in various ways. Brothers Brown, Horner, and myself take a
stroll after dinner. We stop at the Antlers Hotel, that is well worth a
visit, being one of the finest-equipped hotels we have seen in our
travels.

We were introduced to the chief of police of the city and kindly shown
the large, interesting, and gruesome collection in the Rogues’ Gallery,
pictures of some of the most noted crooks and renegades that ever
infested the West, along with weapons and tools of all descriptions that
were used in their murderous and nefarious business. One set of burglar
implements, in particular, containing one hundred and fifty-five pieces,
that had been

[Illustration: BRIDE AND GROOM AT BALANCE ROCK, GARDEN OF THE GODS,
COLORADO.]

captured from a suspect by the name of Jerome Markle, we find very
interesting; it is said to be the largest and most complete burglar’s
outfit ever captured. Returning to the train about 9.30, we are glad to
meet W. E. Frenaye, Esq., city editor of the Colorado Springs _Gazette_,
who has dropped in on us for a friendly chat. Mr. Frenaye was connected
with Assistant General Passenger Agent Boyd’s office at one time, and is
an old friend of Brother Maxwell. Being scheduled to leave here at 2
o’clock A. M., we all turn in at a reasonable hour.


THURSDAY, JUNE 3d.

Getting up this morning at six o’clock, I find we are entering Denver.
We have engine 570, Engineer Wm. Jenness, Fireman W. C. Lawhead,
Conductor I. Larsen, Brakemen Cunningforth and McGinn. Soon as the train
stops, Mrs. Terry and Mrs. Shaw strike off in search of the post office,
for they are expecting letters from home. Our train is sidetracked in
the yard and Brother Terry and I walk over to the station, a short
distance away, and look around. It is pretty quiet; the great city has
not wakened up to the business of the day and the railroads haven’t
commenced their bustle and confusion. This is a large station, one of
the finest we have seen in the West; twelve railroads use it, which
diverge from here in all directions and run to all parts of the United
States. This is what a railroad time table tells us that I have just
picked up. It also tells us that Denver is considerable of a town, that
it is the county seat of Arapahoe County and the capital of the State of
Colorado. It enjoys an altitude of 5196 feet and has a population of
165,000 inhabitants.

We return to the train and find breakfast waiting. While we are at
breakfast the ladies return from the post office; they were too early to
get letters, for the office wasn’t open, but they were loaded with
souvenirs they had procured on the way. After breakfast we are notified
to remove all stuff from our sections to the baggage car, as the cars
are to be cleaned. This is a notice that isn’t calculated to sweeten
temper. It has been served on us several times since we started from
home, and we know what an annoyance it is, but we rejoice to know this
is the last time we will suffer the inconvenience.

After this task is accomplished a number of us take a 25-mile ride
around the city on the “Seeing Denver” trolley line. It is a delightful
ride, and in this way we see many interesting features of the “Queen
City of the Plains.” The car we are on is No. 111, in charge of Motorman
Ewell and Conductor F. F. Porter. Mr. H. Given accompanies the car and
points out and explains interesting localities and places. We can see
that the educational facilities of Denver are up to date. Our attention
is called to Westminster University, located on a knoll just beyond the
city limits, said to be one of the finest institutions of learning in
the State. We pass near the Louisa M. Alcott Public School, one of the
finest public buildings we have ever seen. Having reached the suburbs we
are out amongst cultivated fields, and Mr. Given, in speaking of the
fertility of Colorado soil and the abundance of their crops, called our
attention to the rich growth of the alfalfa grass in a field close at
hand. At the utterance of the word _alfalfa_ a protest went up from the
party; they had had all the alfalfa they wanted in Texas, and begged Mr.
Given to give them no

[Illustration: MANITOU SPRINGS, COLORADO.]

more. Manager Wyman explained why our people dislike the name of
alfalfa. Mr. Given said he could but acknowledge that we had just
reasons to boycott the name, and thought he could give us some
information that would increase our dislike the more. “Perhaps you do
not know,” he continues, “that there are hundreds of tons of alfalfa
leaves shipped yearly from Colorado to New York to adulterate the tea
you drink?” This is certainly news to us; it is something we did not
know, nor are we sure of it yet, notwithstanding Mr. Given’s assertion;
nevertheless it may be true.

We cross the South Fork of the Platte River, that flows through the
centre of the town, from which the city’s supply of water is taken, and
are shown the Public Park, containing four hundred acres, that is kept
up by a tax on the city property owners amounting to $125,000 a year.
Our attention is directed to the towering smokestack of the Omaha and
Giant Smelter, which rises to the height of 352 feet and is said to be
the highest chimney in the world. This is one of the most extensive
smelters in America, and since its erection, a trifle over twelve years
ago, it has treated ore amounting to nearly $300,000,000. In addition to
the Omaha and Giant Smelter there are a number of other plants in active
operation. The ores treated are gold, silver, copper, and lead. The
total product of the Denver smelting industry amounts to $40,000,000 per
year.

Denver is six by ten miles in extent, and I think we rode all the way
around it and part way through it. It is a city of beautiful,
substantial residences and superb public buildings, the most noticeable
being the State Capitol Building, completed in 1895 and costing
$2,550,000.

The streets of this great city are not in as clean a condition as they
might be; mud in many places is ankle deep, caused, Mr. Given informs
us, by the recent heavy rains turning the dust into mud. What an awful
dusty city it must be when not muddy; we imagine an occasional heavy
shower is a great relief, for dust is a far greater evil than mud. We
would quietly suggest to the City Fathers of this great metropolis, for
the sake of the health and comfort of their citizens and the pleasure
and convenience of visitors, that they eliminate the dust from their
town by scraping up and carting to the dump the mud from the streets,
through which pedestrians are forced to wade every time it rains.

Our trolley ride finished, we alight at Brown’s Palace Hotel. This
magnificent structure, covering an entire block, ten stories in height,
built of brown sandstone, interior finished in Mexican onyx, and costing
the neat little sum of $2,000,000, is the pride of Denver. Here “The H.
J. Mayham Investment Company” has its headquarters in a suite of offices
on the first floor. We are kindly received by Mr. W. H. Coombs, a
representative of the company, who loads us down with illustrated and
descriptive books and pamphlets.

It is now past noon, and from here our party scatters. Mrs. Shaw desires
to visit Mrs. Edward Bicking, formerly Miss Madeline Ramsey, of West
Chester, Pa., who is living in or near Denver. We consult a directory
that gives Mr. Bicking’s address as 313 Ashland Avenue, Highlands. We
immediately take a car, and after a lengthy ride arrive at the given
address only to find they had moved to Golden, 15 miles west of Denver.
Returning to the Union Depot, we take the 3.10 train on the Union
Pacific, Denver and Gulf Railway, and arrive in Golden after a pleasant
ride of forty-five minutes. We have no difficulty in finding the
pleasant home of Mr. Bicking, where we meet with a cordial welcome. They
persuade us to remain over night with them and we enjoy our visit very
much. Mr. Bicking operates a large paper mill, and having no competition
does a large and thriving business. Golden is a pleasant, healthy town,
having an elevation of 5655 feet. It has about 3000 population and until
1868 was the capital of Colorado. It is situated on Clear Creek, a fine
mountain stream, and near the entrance to the famous Clear Creek Cañon.
It is surrounded by towering cliffs and great mountain ranges, amongst
which it quietly nestles.

Years ago Golden was a stirring mining camp, but the excitement and
bustle of the mining industry has been moved farther up the cañon,
leaving this community in comparative quiet. Last July a cloudburst
occurred in the mountains, and the flood, rushing down the cañon, swept
through the town of Golden, destroying much property and drowning
several persons. We took a walk in the evening with Mr. and Mrs. Bicking
around the town and saw many traces of the awfully destructive deluge.

I learned before leaving Denver this afternoon that a trip for to-morrow
had been planned for our party, over the Union Pacific, Denver and Gulf
Railway, up Clear Creek Cañon to Silver Plume, 54 miles from Denver. The
train is due in Golden at nine o’clock. It is our purpose to meet it and
join the party. Having spent a very pleasant afternoon and evening, we
retired about ten o’clock.


FRIDAY, JUNE 4th.

Having enjoyed a good night’s rest, we arose about seven o’clock, and
after breakfast Mr. Bicking escorted us over his mill, which is only a
short distance from the pleasant cottage in which they reside. The time
arriving for us to start for the station, we bid adieu to our kind
friends and join our party on the train under the escort of F. M. Shaw,
traveling agent of the Union Pacific, Denver and Gulf Railway, bound for
Silver Plume, up the picturesque Clear Creek Cañon, and over the Great
Loop. We have U. P. D. & G. Ry. engine No. 7, with Engineer Si Allen at
the throttle. The train is in charge of Conductor John W. Ryan, a member
of Denver Division 44, who is an old friend of Brother Reagan’s. The two
had not met for years, and the reunion was a happy one. It was through
the efforts of Conductor Ryan that we are given this pleasant trip
to-day.

Leaving Golden, we enter the wilds of Clear Creek Cañon, similar in many
respects to Eagle River Cañon, the mighty sloping hills on either side
being honeycombed with mines. In places the cañon is very narrow; the
rugged walls overhanging the tracks almost meet at the top, a thousand
feet above. The stream we follow is a shallow one, and here and there we
catch sight of a prospector wading in the water with his shovel and pan,
washing the sand he scoops up from the bottom of the creek in the hope
of finding grains of gold. A diligent prospector, we are told, realizes
in this manner from two to ten dollars per day. For 22 miles we follow
the windings of Clear Creek up through this narrow, rocky gorge, and
then the cañon terminates in an open, level

[Illustration: BACHELORS AND BURROS IN THE GARDEN OF THE GODS.]

plateau of about one hundred acres, surrounded by seamed and rugged
mountains, grinning with prospectors’ pits and the open mouths of mines.

Here is located the pretty little mining town of Idaho Springs, at an
elevation of 7543 feet. We make a stop of ten minutes and get out to
look around. We run right along the edge of the creek and several of the
boys look for gold in the sand of the shallow water, but I hear of none
being found. It is cloudy, a light rain is falling, and having reached a
pretty high altitude the wind is chilly. Leaving Idaho Springs the open
observation car is almost deserted, the closed coaches being far more
comfortable, the most of our people caring more for comfort than for
scenery. Thirteen miles from Idaho Springs we pass through Georgetown, a
mining town of considerable size. Here we commence the Great Loop
ascension; the railway winding around the mountain crosses itself at one
point, and looking down we see nearly 200 feet beneath us the track
where we had been but a short time before. Thus we climb until we reach
Silver Plume, at an elevation of 9176 feet, arriving there at 12.20
Mountain time.

Leaving the train, we visit the Victoria Tunnel and Mendota Mine. Under
the escort of the mine boss the majority of the party enter the mine,
each one bearing a lighted candle, for the tunnel is dark as a dungeon.
This tunnel is hewn from the solid rock and extends for 2000 feet
straight into the mountain side before the rich vein of silver ore is
reached. When we reach the end of the tunnel we are almost directly
under the centre of the peak, a thousand feet under the surface of the
ground. After procuring a few small pieces of ore as souvenirs we
retraced our steps and were glad to get out into open daylight once
more. On our return to the train we encountered a light snow squall. We
leave Silver Plume at 2.15 o’clock for return trip, with Brothers
Maxwell, Reagan, and Agent Shaw on the cow-catcher. A donkey on the
track sees us coming, flops his left ear, switches his tail, and wisely
steps aside. We arrive safely in Denver at six o’clock and find dinner
waiting in our dining car, to which we all ably respond, feeling that in
McDonald and his worthy attachés we have valued friends. After dinner
our people scattered over the city, amusing themselves in various ways,
and not having furnished the writer with reports of their experience, he
can but note, “unwritten history.”

Brother F. H. Conboy, of Division 44, has kindly made arrangements with
the managers of the Overland Park races to admit members of our party at
reduced rates, and a number talk of attending the races to-morrow should
the weather prove favorable. We are not very highly impressed with this
climate at the present time, for it is entirely too cold and damp to be
agreeable.


SATURDAY, JUNE 5th.

According to our original itinerary this is the day we should arrive in
Philadelphia, yet here we are at Denver, in the midst of as disagreeable
a spell of weather, we are told, as ever was known here. Each afternoon
since we have been here it has snowed on the mountains and rained in the
valleys; heavy wraps and overcoats are worn by our people when they
venture away from the train. “This is not a sample of Colorado weather,”
I hear Charlie Hooper declare, and we are all very glad it isn’t, for
the sake of the people who have to stay here; we are not going to remain
much longer, and wouldn’t be here now, only for the irrepressible
tantrums of the Rio Grande River. Our people scatter again to-day, and I
cannot tell where they went or what they saw.

Mrs. Shaw and myself visited an old friend and former neighbor, David
Cannon, on his beautiful Broadway dairy ranch, six miles south of
Denver. An electric line runs within half a mile of his residence. We
were very cordially received and spent a pleasant day. We also visited
the splendid Windsor ranch, owned by Major Dubois, ex-mayor of
Leadville, and operated by Messrs. Penrose and Cannon. We met the Major
and Miss Dubois and were very kindly treated by them. The Windsor and
Broadway dairy farms comprise a fine, beautiful, level tract of land,
containing 1000 acres in a highly improved condition. It commenced to
rain again about three o’clock and we returned to the city in a cold,
beating storm. Mrs. Bicking, who was with us, remarked that in the four
years of her residence in Colorado she had, heretofore, experienced no
such weather as this.

The rain had ceased when we reached our train, about five o’clock. Found
most of our company there and photo artists Stanton and Warren with
their outfit, preparing to picture the train and party. We forthwith
arrange ourselves in a group about the end of the train in a manner
according to the instructions of the artists. Mrs. Bicking is requested
to join the group and her little son, Austin, is placed upon the
platform of the car. Our dinner this evening was an interesting and
happy occasion. Brother Reagan’s friend, Conductor John Ryan, and his
family were guests, and during the repast Mr. Ryan presented Brother
Reagan with a handsome floral tribute, representing a keystone, composed
of roses and carnations, with inscription in immortelles: “From Jack to
John, who were Boys Together.” Below the inscription, artistically
wrought with the same kind of flowers, is a representation of clasped
hands. Brothers Reagan and Ryan were boys together, grew up and learned
railroading together, but have been separated for about eighteen years.
The event was a happy one and will be long remembered by those who
participated. A few of our people attended the Overland Park races
to-day, but the weather was unfavorable for the sport. Brother Crispin
met an old schoolmate this afternoon, Mr. J. H. Harris, who is connected
with the inspection department of the Denver and Rio Grande Road. Mr.
Harris took charge of Brother Crispin and several others and showed them
a good time.

We are scheduled to leave here at midnight, and conclude to remain up
till we start. There is usually an entertaining time in the smoker and
the hours pass quickly away. We start promptly at 2.01 A. M. Eastern
(12.01 A. M. Mountain) time over the Burlington and Missouri River
Railroad, known as the “Burlington Route,” with B. & M. engine 317,
Engineer W. Fuller, Fireman C. Babcock, Conductor C. W. Bronson,
Brakeman E. Q. Robie. As guests we have with us leaving Denver
Trainmaster J. F. Kenyon and Traveling Engineer C. A. Dickson. It is now
past midnight; we have said goodbye to the kind friends who remained
with us till the start, and as we leave the great city of Denver behind
us we feel both glad and sorry; glad that we are once more speeding
toward our Eastern homes, but sorry to lose sight of the matchless
Colorado scenery and part with our kind and generous Colorado friends.
The efforts made to show us a good time by the kind people of Denver and
by the railway officials of the various lines are highly appreciated by
each member of the party. Charlie Hooper will be remembered so long as
memory of the trip shall last; may his appetite never grow less nor his
shadow ever shrink.


SUNDAY, JUNE 6th.

Got up this morning about seven o’clock and found we were approaching
McCook, Neb., having crossed the line from Colorado into Nebraska during
the night at a point about 80 miles west of McCook. Conductor Bronson
and Brakeman Robie are members of Harvey Division No. 95, of McCook.
They have intimated that we may expect a reception from the members of
that division on our arrival at McCook; this information having been
given out last evening, the most of our people are up when the train
stops in McCook at ten minutes past seven, and we are met by a large
delegation of brothers of Division 95 with their wives and daughters,
who give us a cordial, happy greeting. The McCook Band is on hand and
renders delightful music, and the hour allowed us here passes quickly
away. B. & M. engine 232, in charge of Engineer J. E. Sanborn and fired
by Charlie Williams, has been selected to draw us from McCook to
Hastings, a distance of 132 miles. Engineer Sanborn is a member of
Harvey Division 95, having at one time been a conductor, and has the
232 handsomely decorated with flags and flowers in honor of the
occasion. On each side of the cab beneath the windows are the letters
“O. R. C.,” surrounded by the emblem of the order. The engine is much
admired by the members of our party, and snap-shots are taken by
Brothers Restein and Foster.

Left McCook at 10.00 Eastern (9.00 Central) time. On leaving McCook time
changes from Mountain to Central, and we now run one hour behind Eastern
time. From McCook to Hastings we have with us as guests Brothers V. H.
Halliday, F. Kendler, and C. E. Pope, who are members of the
entertainment committee from Division 95, and the following ladies of
McCook: Mrs. C. W. Bronson, Mrs. V. H. Halliday, Mrs. F. Kendler, Mrs.
C. E. Pope, Mrs. Beyer, Miss Grace Sanborn, and Miss Mabel Jordon. We
have a pleasant entertainment in the combined car, during which Mrs.
Bronson and Miss Sanborn sing in a charming manner several choice
selections. Arriving in Hastings at twelve o’clock, noon, we make a halt
of five minutes to change engines, and bidding adieu to the kind friends
of McCook who gave us such a royal greeting, we continue on our way with
engine 227, Engineer H. L. Beaty, Fireman F. C. Parkerson, Conductor J.
G. Chase, Brakeman Fred. Sharpe. Our guests are Brothers M. E. Shepard,
of Claude Champion Division No. 227, of Lincoln, Neb., M. E. Crane, of
Creston Division No. 21, of Creston, Iowa, and Trainmaster E. W. Carter.

At Fairmount, 43 miles from Hastings, we make a short stop to allow some
guests to get aboard; they are Brothers W. B. Morledge, J. H. Burns, of
Division 227,

[Illustration: “WHO ARE WE? WHO ARE WE? P. P. C.! COOKS, WAITERS, AND
PORTERS OF THE O. R. C.!”]

[Illustration: THE “232.” McCOOK, NEBRASKA.]

W. J. Robinson, of Omaha Division 126, and Chief Dispatcher C. L. Eaton.
Brother Burns is entitled to special mention, being introduced to us as
“the largest conductor on the Burlington Route. He is 6 feet 1 inch tall
and weighs 290 pounds.” “If we only had ‘Big Frank,’ of the New York
Division, with us,” says Brother Denniston, “we could beat that by 1
inch and 10 pounds.”

“While we are not able to produce our largest conductor to compare him
with yours,” spoke up Manager Wyman, “we have with us one who enjoys the
distinction of being the smallest conductor on the Pennsylvania Railroad
System, being but 5 feet 3 inches in height and weighing only 109
pounds. I take pleasure in introducing you to Brother Charles L.
Springer.” Brother Springer took the joke good-naturedly and responds in
a pleasant manner, telling the advantage of being small; that his size
enables him to get through places with ease where large men dare not
attempt to go. We notice that Conductor Chase is a great favorite with
the ladies of our party, who are trying to rob his uniform coat of its
pretty golden buttons, that they covet for souvenirs. A stop of half an
hour is made at Lincoln, where we arrive at three o’clock. Conductor
Chase, to save his coat, procures a number of uniform buttons and
distributes them among the ladies. Division 227 adjourned meeting this
afternoon to meet us at the station on our arrival, an action very much
appreciated by our boys, and the half hour was spent in pleasant
greetings. The “boys,” the cooks, waiters, and porters, and the ladies
gave their yells in turn as the time came for us to leave, and the
effort of the ladies was loudly applauded.

We leave Lincoln with the same engine and crew that brought us from
Hastings, and they take us to Pacific Junction, a run of 177 miles. We
feel that we are in good hands, for Conductor J. G. Chase was selected
to take charge, from Pacific Junction to Hastings, of the Mayham
Special, that on February 15th and 16th, 1897, broke the world’s record
for long-distance running, having made the run from Chicago to Denver, a
distance of 1025 miles, in 1047 minutes. Engine 227 that is now pulling
us drew the special from Lincoln to Hastings, a distance of 96 miles, in
109 minutes, a speed of about 53 miles per hour. This did not quite
reach the average rate of speed made on the trip, which was 58¾ miles
per hour. Leaving Lincoln we have with us as additional guests Brothers
W. C. McDermott and C. Kast, of Division 227, and Engineer F. B. Arnold.
We arrive in Omaha at 5.15 P. M., and within ten minutes after our
arrival we are speeding through the city on electric cars, under the
escort of Brother W. J. Robinson and Superintendent of Street Car
Service T. H. Todhunter, who has placed two fine open trolley cars at
our service and personally directs their movements, switching us from
one thoroughfare to another until almost the entire city is traversed.
It is a pleasant afternoon and we greatly enjoy the delightful ride
through this, one of the greatest cities of the West, noted for its
rapid growth, having increased from a population of 30,518 in 1880 to
140,452 in 1890, and we are told that present indications point to the
likelihood of it reaching 300,000 in time for the census of 1900.

Omaha is up to date in all that pertains to the health, comfort, and
welfare of her citizens, and we are all favorably impressed with her
clean streets, pleasant homes, and fine, substantial public buildings.
Omaha has a curfew law, recently established, the beneficent effects of
which are already noticed and highly recommended. It keeps off the
streets after nine o’clock at night boys and girls under sixteen years
of age, unless accompanied by parents or guardians.

We have consumed more time in doing the town of Omaha than was intended,
and consequently, when we leave at 7.05 we are thirty-five minutes late
on our schedule; but we are on a line noted for its “fast time,” and
probably the delay will be made up. A number of the boys from Creston
Division No. 21 and their ladies came up to Omaha to meet us this
afternoon, and return with us to Creston.

We have the pleasure of having with us L. H. Wright, C. C. of No. 21,
Mr. and Mrs. R. McCoy, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Smelley, Mr. and Mrs. J. C.
Felker, Mr. and Mrs. Nugent, Mr. and Miss Bradey, Mr. Donoven, Train
Dispatcher Ed. Robeson, Master Mechanic G. L. Beckwith, J. W. Fedder and
mother, Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, F. M. Price, Miss Galeger, Miss Thompson,
Miss Gaul, Miss Gaven, Miss Obine. Leaving Omaha we do not cross the
Missouri River and enter Iowa via Council Bluffs, but follow the river
south for 26 miles to Plattsmouth, where we cross the turbid stream on a
substantial bridge and enter Iowa at Pacific Junction, having traversed
the southern border of the State of Nebraska for 366 miles. We saw a
fine, level country, dotted with neat, substantial farm buildings, and
judging from the many well-filled cribs of last year’s corn, it must be
a country extremely rich in agricultural products.

At Pacific Junction a change of engines and crews is made, and bidding
adieu to good-hearted, good-natured Captain Chase and his genial crew,
we continue on our way with C. B. & Q. engine 318, in charge of Engineer
George Goodrich and Fireman T. H. Hillis, conducted by M. Farrell, whose
brakemen are T. A. McDonald and T. Munson, who will take us to Creston,
a run of 86 miles. Thirty-five miles from Pacific Junction we make a
short stop at Redwood, and receive additional guests in the persons of
Division Superintendent J. H. Duggan, Mr. Frank Gillman, J. B. Kirsh,
chief engineer of Creston Division No. 112, B. of L. E., and Conductor
T. G. Snair. We have now about thirty-five guests aboard and our train
is pretty well filled up. It seems to be an off Sunday with many of the
good people along the line, and they have turned out to show us a good
time, and they can never guess how much their efforts are appreciated.
It is 10.15 P. M. when we arrive in Creston, and as we approach the
station Superintendent Duggan, who has been watching the time, informs
us that our train has covered the last 36 miles in forty-two minutes. A
large bonfire is burning on an open lot near the station, and the
juvenile band of Creston is playing a stirring piece when our train
comes to a halt. There is a large crowd on hand to greet us, and the
forty-five minutes we remain among them passes quickly and pleasantly
away. We bid good-bye to our many new-found friends, and at 11.02 P. M.
leave Creston with C. B. & Q. engine 232, with Engineer J. Consodine at
the throttle, and conducted by G. W. Yetts. The brakemen are W. D.
Willits and G. A. Bessey, which crew takes us to Burlington, 190 miles.
The “232” was also on the famous Mayham Special from Creston to Red
Oak, and made a record of 62½ miles per hour. Conductor Yetts had
charge of the train from Burlington to Creston.

We have had a full day, and every one of the party feels that we have
been honored by the demonstrations of good-fellowship that have marked
our progress through the States of Nebraska and Iowa. We are all very
tired to-night; this is the thirtieth day of our outing; each day a
picnic and every night a circus. It is now drawing near the midnight
hour, and as we steam away from the hospitable, wide-awake little town
of Creston, with her bonfire and her band, our sincere wish is that the
sun of prosperity may ever shine upon her. The combined car has been
vacated and the refreshment corner is deserted; George H. Anderson, the
hardest-worked man in the outfit, is making up his bed, Brother Sparks’
El Paso pup has ceased his whining and now is snoring, and Sister
Matthews’ Denver magpie for once in its life is silent. These things I
notice as I quietly leave the smoker and make my way to little No. 3, in
the “Marco.”


MONDAY, JUNE 7th.

Getting up this morning about six o’clock, I find we are in Illinois,
having crossed the Mississippi River during the night at Burlington,
where a change of engines was made. We now have C. B. & Q. engine 511,
handled by Engineer D. Sullivan and fired by J. Watson. Conductor W. L.
Boydston, a member of Galesburg Division No. 83, has charge of our
train, whose brakemen are J. M. Forsythe and T. G. White. This engine
and crew will run us to Chicago, a distance of 206 miles. Illinois is a
rich agricultural State, whose well-cultivated farms and fine buildings
exhibit a high degree of prosperity and thrift. Arriving in Chicago at
8.45 our people scatter to take in the sights of the city as best suit
their individual inclinations. I have no knowledge as to where they went
or what they saw, but the inference is that everybody was busy, for it
is a physical impossibility for a person to remain still in this town;
such hustling, aggressive activity I never saw before. If you attempt to
saunter or stop to look you are the victim of a hundred bumps a minute;
you’ve got to get in the race and keep going, or climb a tree.

On our arrival Mrs. S. and I were met by Mrs. Ray Melchor, Mrs. Shaw’s
sister, a resident of the city, who took charge of us, and I am glad she
assumed the responsibility, for I never felt more in need of a guardian
in my life than I did when in the heart of this mighty metropolis with
its great sky-scraping buildings and tearing cyclone of humanity. Mrs.
Melchor proved an excellent guide, and showed us more of this wonderful
town than one would think possible in the few hours allotted us, besides
giving us a delightful carriage ride along the lake front and through
Jackson and Washington Parks. We also visited Lincoln Park and saw the
famous Ferris Wheel. Mrs. Melchor returned with us to the train and
accompanied us as far as the suburban station of Englewood, where the
train was stopped to allow her to alight. We left Chicago at 5.40 P. M.
on the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Line, with P. Ft. W. & C.
engine 147, Engineer Frank Higgins, Fireman Robt. Giffin, Conductor M.
J. Prindiville, Brakeman H. B. Walton, and Flagman Geo. Roberts, who
take us to Ft. Wayne, 148 miles. Near Whiting, a short distance beyond
the limits of Chicago, we cross the line and enter Indiana, which also
has the appearance of being a rich agricultural State.

In the evening an interesting meeting is held in the smoking car, and
presided over by Brother Geo. Brown, for the purpose of effecting a
permanent club, to be composed of the members of the Pennsylvania
Railroad conductors’ excursion party. Selecting a name leads to
considerable discussion, until Brother Denniston suggests the “Golden
Gate Club,” which is unanimously adopted. The following brothers are
elected officers of the club: President, C. E. Wyman; vice-president, L.
E. Sheppard; secretary and treasurer, W. J. Maxwell. Pullman conductors
Suter and McDonald are admitted as honorary members. The meeting, which
lasted from 8.30 to 9.20 P. M., is succeeded by the admission to the car
of a delegation of the ladies, led by Sister Reilly, who introduces an
entertaining game called “The California Pets,” or “Dead Hand,” which
consists of an outstretched sheet, around which sit as many as can
conveniently do so, with their hands beneath the sheet, and guess the
names of articles that they cannot see, which are passed from one to the
other. The game continues for some time and produces a great deal of
merriment, until an article is passed to Miss Ella that causes her to
shriek with fright. She quickly passes it to Brother Reagan, who turns
pale and shudders as though he had seen a ghost; he in turn tosses it to
Brother Williams, who is thrown into a spasm when he grasps the nasty
thing, and flings it into Brother McCarty’s lap, who clutches it, drops
it, exclaims “Hell!” jumps up, all at the same time, and makes a break
for the door. It was only a kid glove that Mrs. Reilly had filled with
sand and soaked in ice water, that felt to the touch like the cold and
clammy hand of a corpse.

The rear car “Orchis” was christened “Hogan’s Alley” in the early stages
of our trip, because of the spirit of fun and frolic that at times ran
rampant there. To-day, while Brother Houston was visiting his brother in
Chicago, who is connected with a publishing house, he procured a number
of large cards with “Hogan’s Alley” printed upon them, and hung them up
through the car. There were also two swinging from the rear platform
when the train left Chicago, much to the amusement of the people who
were gathered at the station to see us off.

We reach Ft. Wayne at 9.30 P. M., and after a delay of a few minutes
changing engines, start on our way again with P. Ft. W. & C. engine 272,
Engineer M. Shea, Fireman E. Blanchard, Conductor T. J. Kanaga, Brakemen
W. B. Kelley and A. C. Kyle, who take us to Crestline, Ohio, 132 miles.
At the little station of Dixon, 20 miles east of Ft. Wayne, we cross the
State line and enter Ohio. We are drawing nearer home and all feel very
glad, although it will be like the breaking up of a large and happy
family for us to separate. We expect to reach Pittsburgh early in the
morning, and Brothers Haas and Schuler are saying goodbye, for Haas
leaves us at Allegheny City and Schuler at Pittsburgh. It is approaching
midnight, and as we skim across the State of Ohio we retire to our
little beds and are soon fast asleep, lulled into repose by the soothing
hum and motion of the train, that we have learned to regard as a great
help to pleasant dreams and unbroken slumber.


TUESDAY, JUNE 8th.

Getting up this morning about 5.30, I find we are approaching Allegheny
City. It is a wet, foggy morning, and the Ohio River, in sight of which
we are running, is high and muddy. We had changed engines at Crestline
during the night, and now have P. Ft. W. & C. engine No. 288, Engineer
Geo. Hood, Fireman F. Eberly, Conductor E. W. Davis, Brakemen E. W.
Simpson and J. W. Syms, who take us into Pittsburgh, a run of 188 miles.
When we stop in Allegheny City at six o’clock quite a number are astir
to bid Brother Haas adieu; five minutes later we stop in Pittsburgh and
part with Brother Schuler. Brother Sloane also leaves us here, as he has
business to transact in the “Smoky City” before coming East.

Time changes here from Central to Eastern, one hour later, and we leave
Pittsburgh at 7.17 A. M. with P. R. R. engine 1631, with Engineer M.
Daily and Fireman S. K. Dobson in the cab. Our conductor is N. E. Garber
and Brakemen W. J. Maxwell and Frank Dick. This crew runs us to Altoona,
a distance of 117 miles, where we arrive at 10.35. After a delay of five
minutes in changing engines we start on our way again with P. R. R.
engine 646, in charge of Engineer H. Funk and Fireman E. Wilson. J. R.
Bockus is conducting the train, whose brakemen are G. H. Free and G. W.
Miller. Our train stops at Tyrone, 15 miles east of Altoona, to allow
Brother and Mrs. Matthews to get off. They are obliged to leave us at
this point, for they had left their little four-year-old daughter here
in the care of relatives until their return and are longing to clasp
Baby Ellie once more in their arms. This is a busy day with the members
of the party and an interesting one for the porters. In a neat and
characteristic speech Brother Reagan, in behalf of the lady occupants of
the “Marco,” presents Dennis Jackson with a substantial token of their
appreciation of his kindness and courtesy toward them during the trip,
they always finding him ready and willing to obey and oblige; and Dennis
deserves their generous remembrance. Brother Sheppard, in behalf of the
occupants of the “Milton,” holds up Dick Pettus in the same manner and
for the same purpose, and presents him with a generous token of their
regard. Physically Dick is a giant, and all who know him will testify
that he is as good-natured and kind as he is big and strong. The
residents of “Hogan’s Alley” (“Orchis”) surround George Custis, while
Brother Denniston in an eloquent speech tells him how good he is and how
his goodness has been appreciated by the restive but good-natured and
harmless inhabitants of this noted quarter, who desire to show their
regard for the service he has rendered them by giving him a token of
remembrance. George is worthy of their generosity, and quietly accepts
the donation, saying to me as I pass him, “I often thought of the
warning you gave me the day we started out.”

Arriving in Harrisburg at 1.37 P. M. we bid adieu to Brothers Gilliland,
Haefner, Smith, and their wives, also Brother McCarty, who leave us at
this point, and changing engines for the last time we proceed on our way
again with P. R. R. engine 296, Engineer H. B. Humphreys, Fireman J.
Mahan, Conductor Dan. Harvey, Brakeman George Wilson. We are met in
Harrisburg by a delegation from Philadelphia, composed of the
following-named gentlemen, who constitute a Welcome Home Committee:
Brothers John Mooney, Budd Roulon, George Stultz, Tony Hughes, Frank
Vandyke, of West Philadelphia Division 162; J. Kelly and J. P. Anchor,
of Camden Division 170; Trainmaster J. Thompson, Operator C. Devinney,
and Baggagemaster Ed. Lynch, who accompany us to Philadelphia. They
present each one of our party with a very pretty little white badge
bearing the initials “O. R. C.” in monogram and the inscription “Welcome
Home” in golden letters. We have a number of badges and innumerable
souvenirs that have been gathered on the trip, but not one among them
all will be more highly prized than the little “Welcome Home” badge that
bears silent but eloquent testimony to the deep fraternal sentiment that
rejoices in our safe arrival home.

We have had a most wonderful trip; have traveled almost 9000 miles; no
one has been injured and no one seriously sick. A prairie dog and a jack
rabbit, so far as we can learn, are the only victims that met death by
our train. We have crossed eighteen States and Territories, encountered
no train robbers, experienced no wrecks, not having on a car during all
our journey so much as a hot box or flat wheel.

Brother Layfield has been diligently obtaining punch cuts of the
conductors he has met _en route_, and succeeded in obtaining
forty-eight. Had they all been equipped with their punch that he met he
would have had many more. The Colonel has been collecting punch marks
for several years, and now has three hundred and fifty, nicely arranged
in an album designed for the purpose. We are pained to learn that
Brother Charles Larue, of Camden Division 170, was thrown off his train
yesterday and badly injured. He is a member of the Welcome Home
Committee and had intended to accompany the rest to Harrisburg to meet
us.

Our train rolls into Broad Street Station, Philadelphia, at 4.20 P. M.,
and we are warmly greeted by many friends who have gathered in the great
train shed to welcome us home. From the station we are escorted to Odd
Fellows’ Temple, Broad and Cherry Streets, by the Reception Committee,
representing West Philadelphia Division 162, Quaker City Division 204,
Camden Division 170, and Wilmington Division 224. Brother J. H. Mooney,
of Division 162, calls the meeting to order and in a neat little speech
welcomes the excursionists home. Fine music is rendered by the
Philharmonic Quintet, composed of the following gentlemen: Ed. Volmer,
J. R. Whitely, Sol. Ecksteine, Chas. Genso, and Robert Crawford, ably
led by Prof. Jo. Allen. Brothers Wyman, Sheppard, and Shaw are called
upon for remarks relative to the trip, and they respond with short
addresses. Songs and recitations are given by J. Conlin and Mr. and Mrs.
Hughes, and the guests then repair to the basement banquet hall, where
refreshments are served. At 7.30 the meeting adjourns, adieus are
spoken, and we go to our several homes, feeling that we have had an
extraordinary picnic in the thirty-two days of our outing, and hoping to
meet again at the first anniversary of the Golden Gate Club one year
hence.

[THE END.]

Typographical errors corrected by the etext transcriber:

give satistion=> give satisfaction {pg 3}

in these mighty hils=> in these mighty hills {pg 122}

Hank claims=> Hanks claims {pg 151}

will ever forget out trip=> will ever forget our trip {pg 158}

laughter could be hear=> laughter could be heard {pg 169}





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