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Title: Descriptive Pamphlet of the Richmond Mill Furnishing Works
Author: Nordyke, Marmon & Co.
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Descriptive Pamphlet of the Richmond Mill Furnishing Works" ***

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                         DESCRIPTIVE PAMPHLET

                                OF THE


                        Mill Furnishing Works.

                             ALL SIZES OF

             Mill Stones and Complete Grinding and Bolting
                       Combined Husk or Portable

                            FLOURING MILLS,

           Portable Corn and Feed Mills; Smut and Separating
       Machines; Zigzag and Oat Separators, Dustless Separators,
                  Warehouse Separators, Water Wheels;
             Mill Shafting; Pulleys; Spur and Bevel, Iron
                          and Core, Gearing.


         Bolting Cloth: Flour, Meal, Buckwheat and Rye Bolts.
            Complete in Chests; Plantation and Farm Mills;
           Screen Wire; Perforated Zinc; English Steel Mill
              Picks; Elevator Cups; All kinds of Belting;
                  Hoisting Screws; Proof Staffs, &c.

                        NORDYKE, MARMON & CO.,
                            RICHMOND, IND.

       _Factory and Office two Blocks South of Railroad Bridge._

                            RICHMOND, IND.


                          COPYRIGHT SECURED.
Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1872, by Nordyke, Marmon &
    Co., in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.


Introductory                                                           5

Mill Stones                                                            8

Building and Balancing Stones                                          9

Standing and Running Balance                                           9

Bolting Cloth                                                         13

Under-Runner Mills                                                    14

Under-Runner Geared Mills                                             16

Upper-Runner Mills                                                    17

Pulley Mills                                                          18

Attaching and Driving                                                 18

Geared Mills                                                          19

Single Reel Bolt, complete                                            21

Portable Mill and Bolt                                                22

Complete Portable Grinding and Belting Flour Mills                    24

Combined Mill Husk                                                    31

Double Reel Bolts                                                     35

Grinding and Flouring, and Capacity                                   35

Keeping in Order                                                      37

Directions for Ordering                                               39

Setting up and Starting                                               40

Smut and Separating Machines                                          41

Ordering Smut and Separating Machines                                 44

Dustless Oat Separator and Zigzag                                     45

Flour Packers                                                         47

Bran Dusters                                                          49

Farm and Plantation Mills                                             52

Corn and Cob Crusher, and Grinder                                     54

Corn Shellers                                                         55

Hominy Mills                                                          58

Scales                                                                60

Weight of various Products                                            64

Contents of a Hopper, how to find                                     65

Contents of a Bin, how to find                                        65

Shafting, Hangers and Boxing                                          66

Rules to find Speed of Pulleys and Gearing                            70

Weight of Round or Square Iron                                        71

Weight of Sheet Iron                                                  71

Spring Coupling and Driver                                            72

Gearing                                                               73

Spur Geared Mills                                                     74

Cogs                                                                  74

Water Power                                                           75

Measurement of Water in a Stream                                      75

Steam Engines                                                         77

Self-Tramming Mill Irons                                              78

Oil Bush                                                              81

Mill Bushes                                                           82

Lighter Screws and Hand Wheels                                        84

Lighter Levers                                                        85

Mill Steps                                                            85

Mill Curbs or Hoops                                                   86

Silent Feeders                                                        87

Proof-Staffs                                                          88

Red-Staffs                                                            89

Mill-Picks                                                            89

Hoisting Screws, Bales and Pins                                       92

Damsels                                                               92

Elevators                                                             94

Elevator Cups and Fastenings                                          95

Bag Trucks                                                            96

Conveyor Flights                                                      96

Belting                                                               97

Buckwheat Bolts                                                       97

Meal Bolts                                                            97

Perforated Zinc and Iron Plates                                       97

Screen Wire                                                           97

Duster Wire                                                           98

Prices, Terms, and Weights                                            98

Testimonials                                                          99

References                                                           115

Table of Logs, reduced to Board Measure                              118


We present our customers and those whose names have been given us with
our descriptive pamphlet for 1872.

Having now been established over thirty-five years in the construction
of machinery in this particular line, and knowing most of the old and
new improvements which have been a success and those which have failed,
we are offering, after almost a constant course of labor, mill machinery
of undoubted superior qualities. And now we invite the attention of
those interested to the articles of our designing and make, fully
believing a careful investigation and comparison with the work of any
manufacturer will convince them of its excellence. Our work being
represented in OVER ONE THOUSAND FLOURING MILLS is some evidence of its
practical merits. NO EXPERIMENTS, BUT GET THE BEST. We have files of
letters and statements that tell of the costly experiences of those
having bought new and untried machinery.

The mill of to-day of whatever dimensions must be simple, compact,
efficient, durable and cheap.


have claimed our special study to obtain the best results in the
different locations, and purposes required.

1st. The best wheat scouring and separating machinery.

2d. The quality of burr stones required, best speed, draft and form of
furrows, and best mode of driving them.

3d. Numbers of cloth, amount of bolting surface required, best
arrangement of numbers, &c.

4th. Propriety of regrinding, how best to grade the offal for this
purpose, as well as other requirements of flour mills.


with two to four run of stones varying from two to four feet diameter,
and all in one substantial frame, spindles being long and arranged for
the gearing and lower part of husk to be in the basement of the
mill-house on an independent foundation, are made complete in our works,
carefully put up and adjusted, marked, taken apart, small pieces boxed
and otherwise prepared for shipment and ease of putting up. This plan
was first adopted by us in the year 1867; since that time we have put
out considerably over one hundred run of stone on this plan, all
receiving the highest commendations of the owners.


are in extensive use, but by careful observation we have found the means
of improvement, and within the last few years have revised our patterns,
and we say, with entire confidence, all things being considered, that we
make the best heavy husk portable mill in the market, they having none
of the objectionable features so common in mills of this class.


the special demands of a custom mill. Those now made have all the
improvements of value to the present date, and furnished at a price so
reasonable that every town or neighborhood of sufficient demands can be
supplied; good flour and yield guaranteed.


as improved, are extensively used, and in brisk demand. These are no new
and doubtful experiment. See the cuts and description, and the defects
of other modes of driving irons will readily be understood. We are
prepared to execute


with description, bills of material required in the construction of
mill-house all ready to receive the machinery, showing also the location
of mills and machinery in the building. This is of special advantage, as
it can be turned over to the carpenter or contractor for execution, thus
saving trouble in knowing the cost before you begin, as well as knowing
where to strike.


Our whole attention is devoted to this particular line of manufacturing,
with special tools, machinery and permanent buildings built and adapted
expressly for the purpose, at a great expense. We are thus enabled to
conduct with system and accuracy the production of good work. We have
advantages in location, as a glance at a map of the States will show; we
are central, in ready access to lumber, coal and iron, (other makers
both east and west of us are supplied in a great measure, some
altogether, with hard lumber from our State.) We have good Railroad
shipping facilities in all directions, and purchasers can have their
work safely delivered almost at their own doors at low shipping rates.

With these advantages we are able to compete with any factory, east or
west, saving time, money and risk to the purchaser.



This is one of the specialties of our business. It has been built up
from small beginnings to one of the largest west of New York. We keep a
large stock of burr blocks from which to make selections. Hence if we
should not have on hands, built up, the sized stone or quality that is
wanted, we can give our customers just what they need on very short
notice. Our facilities for turning out first-class work of this kind,
are equal to any in the west. Having in our employ men experienced in
the manufacture and use of burrs, we are able to furnish our customers
just the quality of goods they need for their particular class of work.

[Illustration: FACE OF MILL STONE.]

We are well aware of the importance of a good mill stone to profitably
flour wheat, and give this department the most careful attention. For a
description of our method of building and backing up runner stones, we
refer the reader to the article following, under the head of “Building
and Balancing Runner Stones.” Where our customers prefer to do all the
mill-wright work in their mill, we are prepared to make in addition to
the burrs, such shafting, gearing, spindles, irons and machinery as they
may need.

[Illustration: BACK OF STONE.]

Building and Balancing Stones.

We put all runner stones on a point or cock-head, and keep them in
balance while “backing up;” consequently they are as near in standing
and running balance as they can be, by this means. We have testimony to
the fact, that a number of stones we have made (all balanced upon the
old plan of a cock-head at the center,) are in such perfect balance that
if the wheat is exhausted in the hopper, the face of the runner _will
not touch the bed-stone_. The importance of balancing on the true
principle, is mostly overlooked. In a mill properly balanced, the stones
will keep a better grinding face with one-half the time and labor
required if they are not thus balanced. Particular attention must be
paid to _keeping_ the runner in balance, as after leaving our works, the
cement dries out in such a manner as to sometimes throw the runner out
of both standing and running balance. For a description of the means we
provide to do this important work of balancing, see the cuts and
description under head of “Standing and Running Balance.”

We put _iron backs_ on our under-runners, to protect the stone from
wearing out of balance.

Standing and Running Balance.

Millers as a rule know that a stone in standing balance is not always in
running balance, and _vice versa_, yet they are well aware that a stone
should be in both. The reason these two balances do not always exist at
the same time, or why the _light_ side of a stone standing should seem
the _heavy_ side on running, is not clearly understood, and hence the
difficulty in obviating the trouble. The importance of a correct
standing balance and at the same time a true running balance, cannot
well be over-estimated. Suppose the balancing weights in a runner are so
adjusted that the stone stands in balance on the cock-head when raised
above the bed-stone, but on starting, instead of its face remaining true
and running steady, one side droops, and it runs with an apparent
vibration or oscillation of the face. It will be found, however, upon
examination, that it will always run with the same side low--going to
show that the difficulty is centered in one certain point.


In these cuts are shown the improved balance boxes adopted by us. The
one on the right is the box complete. They are placed in the runner with
the rounding part in contact with the band, with the lid of the box a
little below the plaster back. The figure to the left illustrates the
inner adjustable box and screw for adjusting the same when in the stone.
It will be noticed it has two parts divided by a partition. The cover to
this inner box shown in the middle figure is secured with a screw, and
fits down upon the box and close over the division, so that either side
may be used when the weight is wanted at a point between any two of the
balance boxes. We put five of them in a runner stone. This number is
deemed entirely sufficient. They are made of cast-iron and fit up in
good style, the wrought screws being all tapped into the iron. We find
this balance box gives the miller entire control of the runner, and easy
to operate, simply by removing the curb and letting the stone rest in
position. A wrench is all the tool needed; the weights when in position
are not subject to derangement, as those ordinarily used.

Now that we have the means explained by which this important work is to
be done, next comes the question, How shall I do it? First, we would
say, put the runner in standing balance in the usual manner, and
lowering the required weight to the bottom of the boxes. In mills with
the old style of stiff driving irons the spindle and driver must be
_carefully_ trammed to the runner, as well as a proper bearing and a
good fit of the cock-head into the cockeye; unless this is attended to
it will be no use to proceed. Where our self-tramming driving irons are
used, the process of putting in a balance will be a pleasure instead of
a long disagreeable process, and it will be more perfect than is
possible with any other appliance for this purpose.

The runner being in standing balance, place two boards planed evenly and
⅜ of an inch in thickness between the stones, (they may be 4 to 8
inches wide) allowing the ends to project sufficiently to fasten
securely to a block or piece of timber fastened to the husk; place them
about midway between the spindle and outer edge of stone, and put the
stone in motion, letting it down upon the boards until its face runs
steady and true; then turn off the plaster back perfectly true with the
face, from a firm rest properly supported; now try the standing balance
again. By turning off the back it may have been changed. Next find the
light side of the stone by elevating the runner from the boards, and run
it as fast as it will bear without too much vibration, as in cases where
the stone is much out of balance the full speed should be approached
gradually in the process. Hold a pencil against the rest plank and
approach it slowly until it touches the turned back of the stone, say 4
to 6 inches in from the band or skirt. It will of course mark the side
which runs high. The principle or real cause of this side of the stone
running high is that the center of gravity or weight on this side is too
low, (below the cock-head and point of suspension,) while the center of
weight on the side that runs low is too high and above the center. To
change this so as to bring the center of weight of each side
respectively on the same level, is what we must accomplish.

As we know which side of the stone was high, now take, say two to six
pounds, as the case may require, of iron, broken into small pieces, or
shot, and take one-half of the amount and put into the inside box
screwed to the top of the box on the side that runs high, and the other
half in the box or boxes opposite, and lowered by the screw into the
bottom of the balance box. Then test the stone and make a new mark, add
weight carefully until the face runs true up to the full grinding speed.
Be careful to divide the weight, as it may be added, so as not to
disturb the standing balance.

Standing balance is simply an equal weight on all sides.

Running balance is having the center of gravity just as far from the
face on one side as the other.

Irregular motion, and no matter how fast, will not affect the runner
when balanced as we have explained.

If this important item is properly attended to, as well as keeping the
stones in good flouring face, there will be less killing of the life of
flour, and allowing middlings and unclean bran to escape. The value of
the flour, both as regards nourishment and health, depends on the amount
of nutritious, aromatic and saccharine properties retained in the flour
which the wheat contains.

This result depends upon the flouring process the meal has been
subjected to between the stones. On the amount of these properties in
the flour also depend the weight and sweetness of the loaf when baked;
likewise its light and white qualities when used for any purpose.



There is a great deal said and published by those who furnish cloths,
concerning the merits of the brand of cloth they sell, and demerits of
others, so that millers are at a loss where to buy, when there is so
much difference of opinion. When bolting cloth is wanted, all we can ask
is to address us for samples to examine. If the cloth is ordered at
once, and you want privilege of examining at express office before
paying for same, please state it in the order. In the examination of
Bolting Cloths parties are often led astray; some brands of the French
and Swiss appear even, smooth and heavy; they are well sized with a kind
of gum and sugar of lead, but when used awhile their bad qualities are
betrayed by the uneven and fuzzy appearance.


The cloth kept in stock and for sale by us is the brand of “Dufour &
Co.’s Old Dutch Anchor,” acknowledged by the most experienced
mill-wrights and millers to be THE BEST. We have it imported direct by
the only importer of this kind of cloth in the United States, and get it
as low as any of our competitors. We have tested this cloth, not alone
by long use, but by thoroughly washing and rubbing out all the sizing
from a piece of this, as well as the other brands, and comparing
carefully the weights and texture of each before and after the process.
As the result we have found more silk in the Dufour Cloth than any other
brand, as well as more firmly locked thread and even texture. We make
cloths up in large quantities; have at times ten to fifteen on the way.
We require the length of the reel, number of ribs, measurement around
the reel, and distance from center to center of ribs, to enable us to
make a good fit.



The above engraving shows our PORTABLE UNDER RUNNER MILL, as improved.
For grinding wheat, corn, feed, or flouring middlings, they are inferior
to none. The runner is balanced upon a steel point or cock-head,
projecting into a steel seat. Argument is no longer necessary to prove
to intelligent millers the advantages of a cock-head mill over those
having the runner stone secured rigid to the spindle. The driving irons
in this mill are those shown under head of “Self-tramming Mill Irons.”
No mill is perfect without them; with them they are more desirable for
wheat grinding than any other under-runner mill.

The bed stone is stationary in the upper part of the husk frame, and is
turned over on heavy hinges when necessary to sharpen the burrs. Four
stiff rubber springs around bolts, are provided above the bed
stone-frame, holding it down while grinding, for the important duty of
allowing said bed-stone to yield up in case any hard substance enters
between the stones. In this way we prevent the liability of breakage,
and overcome the very popular objection to all other mills having the
under stone to run. In addition we provide a metallic bush arranged to
oil collar of spindle while mill is running. The curb is made of pine
staves, and banded with neat iron bands. We furnish either damsel or
silent feed as desired. The runner has a cast iron back to prevent any
inclination to wear out of balance. The husk is made of hard wood and
very strong. Many other points of excellence could be mentioned. The
improvements are protected by Letters-Patent.

   Diameter of | Diameter of | Width of belt | Revolutions
     Stones.   |   Pulley.   |   to drive.   | per minute.
    26 inches. |  18 inch.   |    7 inch.    |     440
    30 inches. |  20 inch.   |    8 inch.    |     400
    36 inches. |  24 inch.   |   10 inch.    |     330





Are substantially the same as set forth on page 14, excepting they are
provided with heavy gearing, horizontal shaft, pulley and boxing lined
with anti-friction metal. The gear is faced off in a lathe before the
cogs are put in, the pulley is turned and balanced, all being fitted up
in the best manner from new patterns, strong and in good proportion. We
have the best and smoothest running geared mill in the market.



This cut represents our PORTABLE UPPER RUNNER MILL. The heavy runner in
addition to being built in balance is provided with five improved
standing and running balance weights, adjustable with screws. (See under
head of “Standing and Running Balance.”) This mill has the self-tramming
irons set forth under its proper head; improved silent feed rig; wrought
iron spindle with steel ends; steel cock-eye in runner stone; a tram
step to tram by means of screws; the oil fountain bush and followers;
pine stave curb or hoop banded with iron under walnut finish; stones
faced and furrowed, of a good selection of French burr, of sharp even
quality, and other additions and advantages not necessary to mention,
all made complete with pulley as shown in the cut, or gear as shown on
page 16, and secured in a strong ash husk frame. The step-irons used in
this mill admit of our using a much longer spindle without making top of
mill higher than usual. The principal improvements on this mill have
been secured to us by two distinct Letters-Patent.

   Diameter of | Diameter of | Width of Belt | Revolutions
     Stones.   |   Pulley.   |   to drive.   | per minute.
    30 inch.   |  20 inch.   |   8 inch.     |     360
    36 inch.   |  24 inch.   |   8 inch.     |     300
    42 inch.   |  30 inch.   |  10 inch.     |     240


Are furnished with our improved low down Set Screw Step, giving a
spindle one-fifth longer than any other mill with same height of hopper,
and constructed in the ordinary manner.

With this step the spindle is trammed by means of set screws, thus
making it more readily and accurately adjustable, at the same time
avoiding the liability of getting out of tram. This step is so
constructed as to avoid changing from its true position or out of tram,
when the runner stone is raised or lowered by the lighter screw. The
_husks_ of these mills are made of ash timber, strongly bolted together
with wrought iron joint bolts. We furnish turned iron pulleys balanced
and keyed to the spindle, so they can be raised or lowered at pleasure.
The curbs around the runners are of the kind shown and described under
head of “Mill Curbs or Hoops.” The feed rig, either our improved silent,
or shoe and damsel, as may be wanted by the purchaser, or for the
purpose required.

Attaching and Driving.

It will generally be found most desirable to drive our pulley mills from
a horizontal shaft and pulleys, with reel belts and tightning pulleys in
a movable frame, or quarter-twist belt.

Place the mill upon a solid floor or firm foundation with the bed-stone
level; cleat around the posts, and bolt through two of the lower ties;
if room is precious a platform can be placed over the belt or belts
running from the line-shaft to the mill. This shaft should be from
thirteen to fifteen feet from the mill spindle, to give sufficient
length of belt.

The center of the mill pulley and driver must not be in line, but as
follows: When the reel belt plan is adopted, _place the center of the
mill pulley four or five inches below the top of the driving pulley that
runs from the mill, and the side of the mill pulley that runs towards
the driving pulley in line with the center of the driving pulley, then
place the idle or tightning pulley in a sliding frame on the under side
of the slack belt near the driving pulley, and of the proper height and
angle to lead the belt squarely on the mill pulley_.

When locating the mill to run by “quarter twist belt,” place thus:
_Upper or lower side of the driving pulley, which runs towards the mill,
should be five or six inches above the center of the burr pulley_, and
the _side of the burr pulley that runs towards the driving pulley must
be in a line with its center_. In attaching the bolt it will be observed
that its position depends somewhat upon how the elevator foot and
cooling conveyor are placed. It will be found best in most situations to
put the cooling conveyor and elevator foot entirely below the floor. It
is a good plan to set the Portable or in fact any kind of a mill on a
foundation entirely below and independent from the floor of the house.
The reel belt plan of driving from a pulley on a horizontal shaft, even
if a large one, will make no edge strain on the belt whatever, and in
stopping and starting is of great convenience. We have it shown in a
small way in the cut, Fig. 3, under head of “Complete Grinding and
Bolting Mills.” Where we furnish the mills, we always, when requested to
do so, send draft and plans showing how to set up and arrange all, so
that it will be a success, and without additional charge.


Are furnished with wood and iron gearing--wooden cogs in the driving
wheel. This does away with the noise and deafening clatter of the
ordinary, or all iron geared mills. (See under head of “Gearing,” and
“Under Runner Geared Mills.”) These cogs are of wide face, thus having a
large bearing surface, and wear but slowly. Where there is one mill the
shaft is long enough to receive the pulley and one journal box outside.
We often put three run of burrs, two wheat and one corn, upon one
continuous shaft. This makes a very compact arrangement. In this case
the mills are detached by slipping the pinion or wheel out of gear, on a
sleeve provided for the purpose.

[Illustration: SINGLE REEL BOLT.

Lower part of Elevator and Cooling Conveyor not shown.]

SINGLE REEL BOLT--Complete, and Dimensions.

(See preceding page.)

Our bolts are so well known that a full description seems superfluous.
Their constant use for fourteen years has suggested some marked changes,
which together with a brief outline of the bolt itself, we will
describe. The object gained is a more efficient bolt for custom work,
either for a Portable Mill or any flouring mill however large or small,
where a bolt is wanted specially adapted to the demands of custom
grinding; at the same time a bolt that can be shipped to any point on a
navigable river or railroad in the United States or Territories. We have
already sent a number of them into Northern Minnesota and Wisconsin.
Also, Texas, Kansas, Georgia, &c., &c. When so ordered they are taken
apart and boxed, previously marked how each part belongs, and drafts and
description of how to set it up, sent so that one at all skilled can put
it up in the mill and have it ready to run in two to three days time.
For those residing within a few hundred miles of our works, we mostly
send on open cars or boat, well protected by paint and varnish, and out
of the great number shipped within ten years past, have not had a single
one at all damaged that we know of. They are made in large quantities,
the parts being duplicated and cut out from patterns, and by machinery
adapted to the purpose. The lumber contained in them is thoroughly
seasoned, and selected of the best quality. The parts usually sent with
them unless otherwise ordered are:

1st. All the gearing and shafts required, with supporting frame and
bearings for the elevator head, spout, gear and shafts.

2d. Extra heavy cloth of Dufour & Co.’s Dutch Anchor brand made up to
fit the reel, with strips of ticking to come in contact with the ribs of
reel, and proper arrangement of numbers to make flour that will bear
inspection. This is generally sent by express in a separate package.

3d. The elevator complete, as follows: forty feet of 4½-inch leather
or gum belt, thirty 4-inch heavy tin, iron banded, cups, with improved
copper clasp fastenings, head and foot with turned pulleys in them,
including an outside pair of bevel or spur wheels or turned pulley to
receive power. (See cut of elevator head and foot under head of
“Elevator, Cups and Fastenings.”)

4th. A cooling conveyor geared by suitable wheels to the shaft in foot
of the elevator, so that it can be located in any direction to suit the
situation. To fill some special orders we have put the cooling conveyor
on top of the chest; in most cases it is best to have it below. The
frame work of the bolt is made of hard wood and well bolted. Conveyor
for flour and one for returns full length of bolt; conveyor flights are
of hard wood; cut offs are provided so that one-fourth, all or any
degree of the flouring cloth may be used for fine flour, at the option
of the miller.


                           Length of Reel. | Extreme Length.
   For 26 and 30 inch mill     16 feet.    |  18½ feet.
   For 30 and 36  “    “       18  “       |  20½  “
   For 36 and 42  “    “       20  “       |  22½  “
   For 42 and 48  “    “       22  “       |  24½  “

They are 3 feet 6 inches wide and 6 feet 2 inches high to top of


In our portable Mill and Bolt we have condensed all the advantages
required of a custom mill in making a prime article of flour and much
better suited for the purpose. We have not been sparing in the material
necessary to make every part strong and durable, and they will bear to
be continually used with a strong power without any part yielding in the
least. The bolts are arranged for making all the cut-offs for changing
the grade of the flour, thus using more or less bolting surface, or
making more or less returns, as may be found necessary. It makes a quick
and even discharge of flour from the flour spout, there are no hoppers
or anything for the clogging of flour, and every customer gets his own
flour from his own wheat. This is of great advantage, and if not pretty
fully accomplished creates dissatisfaction with customers. The Bolts in
connection with our Mills are of ample capacity when the grain is in
proper condition to make good flour. They are made much larger and in
more roomy chest than ever before. They are supplied with our improved
_percussion apparatus_. This has now been in use in its present style
for over ten years, with perfect success. It is composed of three sets
of hinged arms, or knockers, three in each set, secured to every
alternate rib of the reel inside, gently tapping the ribs on the
downward or empty side of the reel, thus not forcing the flour _through_
the cloth, but dusting out and unclogging it. These can be stopped or
started by the miller at any time while the Bolt is in operation--either
one set, two, or all, as circumstances may require. These, every
practical miller knows, after having used them, to be indispensable to
counteract the extremes of damp and dry, or cold and exceedingly warm
weather. Some millers utterly condemn the use of knockers on bolts, and,
in reference to those commonly in use, we will agree with them in this.
The difficulty lies in the fact that commonly they are so arranged that
the miller is obliged to use them at all times. In free bolting weather,
he not only wants to stop the _percussion apparatus_, but also to have
all the safeguards against too free bolting at his command. With this
apparatus and proper grinding no clogging of the Bolt will ever be
noticed. By the use of this apparatus we are enabled to use finer cloth
than without it, and at all times bolt even and obtain better yields.
This tried and valuable improvement has been secured by Letters-Patent.

These _Mills and Bolts_, or either of them separately are constantly
being attached to old and new mills, warehouses and places where steam
and water power can be had or used. We use on these Bolts Dufour & Co.’s
celebrated Dutch Anchor brand of Bolting Cloth made up in best manner
with 2½ inch strips of heavy ticking to come in contact with the ribs
of reel.

Some parties erroneously entertain the idea that a _portable mill_ is a
temporary affair. They obtain this idea from the word _portable_. This
word, applied to a mill, means only that the machinery is built in such
a manner at the factory as to permit of its being shipped the same as
any other machinery. Our portable mill has all the qualities for doing
good work, and all the durability, that any old style mill has. It
further has the advantage of enabling a man to put up his mill without
near so much delay and expense as is required in the old style. In every
instance where a portable mill has failed to do its work properly or to
be durable, it has not been because it was a _portable_ mill, but
because it was not constructed on _good well-tried_ principles, or of
good material, or the fault may have been because it was not set up as
it should be, or had not been properly managed after it was set up.

Our Mills and Bolts are fitted up and put together ready to run, before
shipment, then properly arranged for shipping, and delivered on board
the cars at the proper depot here, and a through rate of freight
contracted in the shipping receipt.


The cuts, Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4, are intended to show the different
arrangements in buildings and are made by us of the following sizes of
stones: 30, 36 and 42 inches diameter of upper-runners, and 26, 30 and
36 inch of the under-runner kind, with the bolts described fully
elsewhere, of ample capacity and to meet the special demands of a custom
mill, capable of making flour that will bear inspection in any market,
at the same time good yields, and are as economical in the use of power
as any mill in the United States. Drawings and directions to set up sent
with each mill when ordered. It betters the arrangement to place the
husk frame 20 inches below the floor; the discharge spout and hoppers
all come at a convenient height for the miller to see into the hopper
and operate the mill without stooping. In Figs. 1 and 3 they are shown
thus. We advise making a platform in the rear of the mills over the
belts. The stones and bolt-chest can be placed on same floor, as Fig. 1,
or the bolt above as the situation requires. They will grind and bolt
from six to fifteen bushels per hour according to size, and can be put
in operation in a short time, and are no more liable to get out of
repair than the best mill in use.

Those having their power all ready, should give us the dimensions of it
and kind, to enable us to give correct information as to size of mill
best adapted to it, &c., &c.

[Illustration: _Fig. 1._

The above shows our Portable Mills, arranged in one story house and
driven by Reel Belts and Tightening Rigging to Shift Belts. For Ground
Plan, See Fig. 4.]

[Illustration: _Fig. 2._

Portable Mills driven by quarter twist Belts without the tightening
rigging. For Ground Plan, See Fig. 4.][Pg 025]

[Illustration: _Fig. 3._]

[Illustration: _Fig. 4._

This Ground Plan view applies to Figs. 1, 2 and 3. Line Shaft, S S, Bolt
at B, &c., is located above. Foundation Timbers, D D and Cooling
Conveyor, E, is under lower floor.][Pg 027]

[Illustration: _Fig. 5.]_

This engraving represents two geared Mills with their attendant
machinery as arranged in the Mill Building, Warehouse, or any house
suitable. The application of the Power to be by belt from Engine or
Water Power to the Large Pulley between two Mills.


Fig. 6.


Driven by Belts under
high head, with Wheel
in Iron Casing.


Fig. 7.



See Page 31.


In cases where there is or can be a basement under the grinding floor,
we advise lengthening out the husk posts sufficiently to throw the
gearing or belts entirely below the floor. When this is done the husks
of the two or more run of burrs are combined into one, making it very
solid. This style of mill, where there is room under the grinding floor
for it, is the best arrangement possible.

A husk of this kind has all the firmness and solidity of the usual style
of frame husk, and yet it is not so bulky and cumbersome. Heavy joint
bolts being used entirely, instead of pins, it can readily be tightened
up, should any part become slack. These joint bolts bring the timbers
harder and more firmly against the shoulders than it is possible for
pins or keys; hence its exceeding firmness. Mills put up by us in this
style cost the purchaser less money than it is possible for him to buy
the burrs, spindles, steps, lighter screws, steps, feed rigging, etc.,
complete, and then get his timber, hire hands, and build it himself.
After he finishes his husk, he will find, in addition to its costing him
more than if we should furnish it, he has not nearly as neat a husk, nor
one that looks like a finished piece of machinery. The entire timbers in
our Combined Husks are dressed and varnished. While it is together in
our shop, before taking apart for shipment, every piece is so marked as
to show plainly its place in putting up when it arrives at the mill.
Customers purchasing these husks, etc., complete, avoid the delay in
starting their mills that is necessarily connected with this when all is
made at the mill. At the mill, everything has to be done at a decided
disadvantage over doing it at a shop where there are tools and machinery
especially adapted for the work, and hands that are thoroughly
accustomed to doing it.

This style of Mill, with pulleys on the spindles, driven from an upright
shaft by belts with tightening pulleys on the slack side, makes the most
convenient, and at the same time, as durable and efficient a mill as can
be built. With this arrangement, any burr or burrs can be stopped or
started at pleasure, without disturbing the others. Where any changing
of burrs has to be done, as is the case in custom mills, this is an
important item, both for convenience and economy. It saves the time
that would be lost in stopping the entire machinery of the mill,
shifting the gearing, and again starting, which will always amount to
several minutes, by the time the burrs are again properly grinding. And,
further, belts do away with all liability to that jar and chatter that
always more or less accompanies gearing not kept in proper condition in
every respect, which is very seldom done. The belt gives to the burr a
very even, steady motion. Our experience is that these belt mills are as
easily and more _accurately_ kept in tram than geared mills with any
kind of gearing. This method of driving burrs is not only desirable for
custom mills, but is also well adapted for merchant mills. We think no
better or more satisfactory arrangement for driving either custom or
merchant burrs than this, is in use, and we have had experience with all
methods. We have over one hundred of this style of mills running, driven
by belts in this manner, and they are giving the most entire
satisfaction. Most of them are run by parties that have used various
other methods of driving their burrs. These all give this style a most
decided preference over any other method of driving. The cost is about
the same as gearing. We can now give parties interested, references to
mills of this same kind in most any of the middle and western States. Of
course we do not advocate this plan of driving burrs, nor this style of
husk for every case. There are a great many places where there is not
the necessary basement room, and parties do not wish to go to any more
expense than the usual short husk portable mill, and some situations
would require a geared mill all rigged and fitted up in the best manner.

In the engraving, Fig. 7, is shown one of these husks with two upper and
one under runner mill; the frame is not shown as heavy as we use for 42
inch and 4 feet stones; one of the lower belts is shown, the others in
dotted lines. The shelving for supporting the belt when the tightening
pulley is thrown back is not shown. Our adjustable tightening frame and
hinge is of superior advantage in stopping and starting either one or
all the burrs. They are operated by hand wheels from above in a very
simple and easy manner not shown in the cut. The precise slant and
position of this movable pulley is regulated by an improved hinge having
but three castings, a wrought iron rod, and three screw bolts, one of
them provided with two hexagon nuts to regulate the position in one
direction, while the plate to which the frame is hinged allow it to be
adjusted in another required direction. By keeping the pulley in the
proper position the belt raises from the shelving and touches nothing
but the pulleys when in motion. The excellence of this combined mill
arrangement, with the new features, is considered of great advantage,
and is highly commended by all of those using them.


[Illustration: DOUBLE REEL BOLT.

Lower part of Elevator and Cooling Conveyor not shown; doors opening to
the reels on the opposite side of chest.]


Where more bolting surface is required than there is in a single reel
bolt, we build them with two reels, in portable chests, and embodying
all the advantages and improvements of our single reel portable bolts.
We furnish with them the gearing, elevator, etc., complete and neatly
finished. They are built in sections for convenience in shipping and
handling. We build also three and four reel chests to order. We send
with these bolts all that is mentioned as being furnished with the
single reel bolts, except we send 48 feet of elevator belt and 36 cups.
Will state that while we are willing to furnish all the irons belonging
to our bolts at fair rates, with draft and specifications showing how to
make them, we advise our customers to have the complete bolt made here
and shipped with the other supplies of the mill. The mill and all by so
doing gives better satisfaction, besides a great saving in expense. We
have sent them South into Georgia; North into Northern Minnesota, and
West into Western Kansas and Nebraska. For such long distances we
recommend to have them taken apart and boxed as referred to under head
of “Single Reel Bolt.”

We make them of the following length of reel shafts, 16, 18, 20 and 22
feet; the chest and frame supporting the gearing at head makes each bolt
measure 2½ feet longer. They are all about 8 feet 7 inches high to
top of elevator.

Grinding and Flouring, and Capacity.

All should know that the most important item in converting wheat into
flour, is the _Grinding Mill_. Grain cannot be properly floured without
burrs of good quality, dressed expressly for the purpose. Although a
Miller of not much experience may sometimes make a pretty fair article
of flour, yet those having the most experience will always find
something to learn on this subject. It is best that the skill of an
expert Miller be employed to prepare the face and furrows of the burrs
and put them in order for grinding. Our mills, when properly dressed and
in order, make a quality and yield of flour unsurpassed by any other
mill, as the letters from our customers testify. Nevertheless, some of
our mills, run and managed by unskillful hands, are making a tolerable
article of flour, without much care to dress the burrs and keep in
order, and sometimes are run a long time without any dressing. In
grinding wheat, the burrs should be adjusted with precision, and should
always occupy the attention of the Miller. In grinding grists, some damp
and others dry, and of different qualities of wheat, the stones require
close attention. The runner should be raised slightly for damp wheat; if
not, the burrs are liable to heat the chop, and clog their grinding
surfaces. If allowed to run too close on dry wheat, the bran will be cut
and the flour made dark. These are common difficulties, but can be
avoided by a careful miller who wants to make a fine article of
merchantable flour, and good yield. The several qualities of wheat and
its conditions, as well as the particular quality of flour required to
meet the demand of any particular market, must be observed and
understood in order to determine the best mode of grinding.

AN IMPORTANT ITEM.--Be sure to keep the _furrows sufficiently deep_, and
_especially so for corn_, and see under heads of “Setting up and
Starting” and “Keeping in Order.” Burrs are apt to throw out unground
grain if run too slow, when, if the speed is increased, this difficulty
is obviated.

GRINDING CORN.--The dress is not that required for wheat. For corn, let
every part of the surface be sharp, and the _furrows cut deep_; thus,
with a high speed, the meal will not be heated. _When the meal is ground
hot, the stones are dull or the furrows not deep enough._ It requires
much more power to grind with dull stones or shallow furrows. Every
stroke with a sharp pick makes a great number of sharp cutting edges
upon French Burr, which cut easy, like a sharp tool in wood.

Be careful to keep the burrs well balanced and in tram. See observations
elsewhere under this head.

In reference to the capacity of our mill we will give our opinions from
the practical knowledge and experience we have had with them. Having a
number of water and steam mills of our entire make and completion near
our works and in our city, some having been built with special reference
to having all first-class, our opportunities have been good near at hand
for constant improvement. While much depends upon the power and
condition of grain, our mills are made of the kind of burr stone,
carefully selected, with furrows drafted and shaped in the most approved
style, that the greatest attainable results may be accomplished. Under
favorable circumstances our three feet mills have ground to make good
flour and yields 14 bushels per hour, which, when in moderate condition
as to sharpness, would do but 8 or 10 bushels. Our under-runner mills
average a greater capacity than the upper-runner kind.

The amount our mills and mill stones will grind to do it well, is as
great as that successfully obtained by any mill in existence, and always
has been entirely satisfactory, oftentimes astonishing old and
experienced millers. On one occasion two of our three feet upper-runner
mills with two single reel bolts have made 100 bbls. of merchantable
flour in 24 hours. With the larger sizes we could point to
proportionally greater results.

Our three and three and a half feet mills are often found grinding
faster than the four feet sizes of the old style of mills, at the same
time doing as good and better work. These are facts, and the reasons why
are simply because the stones are run at a greater speed, while the
furrows are shaped to avoid heating, and properly drafted to distribute
the grain evenly over the grinding surfaces. Also, much is owing to a
good selection of the burr stock of which the stones are made. We
conclude this subject by reference to some who have given us their
views, carefully expressed in writing, and here published for the
benefit of all those interested in milling.

Keeping in Order.

The face of the bed stone must be kept level and the spindle in perfect
tram with it. To tram, take off the hoop and runner stone, and if a
_Pulley Mill_, put on the belt the same as when grinding; then place on
the spindle a wooden arm with a hole in one end to fit tight on the
upper end of spindle, so that it will traverse the face of the bed
stone, having before made a small hole through the projecting end to
receive a quill or piece of whale-bone to trace the surface of the
bed-stone about two inches in from its skirt. On turning the spindle, it
can now be readily seen which way the step is to be moved in order to
throw the spindle in tram; if it is properly in tram, the quill will
traverse the bed-stone evenly around its face. To tram our _geared
mills_, the toe of the spindle must _not be moved out of line_ with the
shaft holding the driving gear wheel; the proper way is to tram it in
the bush, which is provided with suitable keys. However, when the toe of
the spindle or step is required to be moved length-ways of this shaft,
no bad results will follow, provided the cogs are all the time in proper
depth--even on their back or large end, and not too deep in gear. The
spindles of our mills are not apt to get out of tram, but in all mills
they should be closely watched and frequently tried in this particular.
When the _spindle is in perfect tram_, and the _runner in balance_, the
_burrs will not wear out of face_, but the reverse, they will naturally
_wear in face_. The followers should not be forced too hard against the
spindle by the wedges in the iron bush, as it will make the spindle

The space under the leather, on top of the bush, should be well supplied
with tallow rolled up in a woolen cloth and laid immediately around the
spindle. The oil cup in the bush should be supplied with good sperm or
lard oil every time the burrs are taken up. Place some candle-wick in
this cup, with one end against (_not around_) the spindle. This keeps
the spindle supplied with a continual flow of oil in addition to the
tallow. Oil the spindle step with good sperm or lard oil, clean out once
a month, and keep out dirt.

In geared mills, pay particular attention to the adjustment of the gear
wheels. If they are _too deep or not deep enough_ in gear, they will not
run so smoothly and will cut out. As the wooden cogs wear, in time a
shoulder will be formed on them by the iron cogs in the pinion. In order
to obviate the tremble or rough running that this shoulder would cause,
it should be trimmed off from time to time. Grease the cogs with tallow,
and see observations on keeping stones in order, under head of “Setting
up and Starting.”

WE REQUEST as a favor of any of those using our machinery, mills, bolts,
&c., to inform us if they are not working satisfactorily; in such a
case, state plainly as you can in what particular, as we will take
pleasure in correcting the defect or giving advice concerning it. Some
of our mills and mill stones that have been used constantly for 8 to 12
years may require some changes, such as re-setting the irons, improving
the dress, &c., that would make them as good as new; when written to or
interviewed on the subject, will state to the best of our ability what
should be done.

In Ordering, or when a Correct estimate of Cost is Wanted,

It will be quite a help both to our customers and to ourselves to
observe the points mentioned below. A plain statement of the situation
and what is wanted, together with a rough sketch will often save much
delay and trouble.

1st. Give location of Mill, _i. e._, its relation to road, railway, and
power; where it is most convenient to receive grist work and where
merchant grain.

2d. State size of mill house; height of stories from floor to floor;
pitch of roof, and which way comb of house runs; which way the joist and
timbers of the mill run, and their size.

3d. If there is a basement under the grinding floor, and how high.

4th. If water power is to be used, state size and kind of water wheel
and its speed. If a turbine wheel, give height of head, which way wheel
runs, and location of mill-house.

5th. If the power has not been improved, state the fall that can be
obtained, and give the amount of water in depth and width running over a
weir. See “Measurement of Water in a Stream.”

6th. If the power used is steam, give the diameter of cylinder and
length of stroke of engine; number of revolutions per minute made by
engine; diameter and width of face of band wheel on engine; which way
the engine runs--whether top of band wheel runs to or from the mills.

7th. Make a sketch showing the location of engine bed plate and shaft to
the mills.

8th. State whether the mills are wanted to run with or against the sun.
We build them to run with the sun unless otherwise ordered.

9th. Name the place to which the machinery is to be shipped and, if
thought best, by what route. It often happens that we can judge best the
way to ship. Also, your name and post office plainly and in full.

We deliver our goods on board cars at the proper depot here, free of
charge, and take a contracted through receipt with rate of freight
stated in it, and send to the purchaser, thus guarding our customers
against over-charges or high rates of freight. For 5 per cent. added to
our prices, we will pre-pay freight on one half and full car load lots
to Buffalo, Philadelphia, Baltimore, St. Louis, Quincy, Rock Island and
Memphis. 3 per cent. will cover it to Chicago, Pittsburgh, Toledo,
Louisville and Evansville. On boat or cars at any depot in Cincinnati we
will pre-pay freight at 10 cents per 100 lbs., (weights are given on
list.) Great care is taken to inclose such parts of our supplies and
mills when necessary in strong boxes, iron bound at the corners, so that
they can be conveyed safely to any part of the world.

Setting up and Starting.

We have often found it to the advantage of our customers to have one of
our own men assist in _setting up and starting_. Their experience and
familiarity with our machinery enables them to expedite the setting up.
They are employed on this important part of our work constantly. Our
charges for their services are reasonable. In some of the far western
States we have skilled mill-wrights for this purpose, thus saving time
and expense to the purchaser. From drafts and explanations we send (when
requested to do so) with our mill work and mills, mill-wrights can
generally succeed in giving good satisfaction.

The burrs of all our mills are faced true and furrowed, but do not have
as smooth a grinding or flouring face as is necessary for flouring
wheat. A few days work by the miller with pick and rub stone is of great
advantage. To do this important work _correctly_ requires one skilled in
the use of the red staff, with a good true iron proof staff close at
hand. We are sorry to be compelled to say that the millers are few that
know how to correctly handle the red staff on the face of a mill stone.
It is a difficult matter to explain the manner of doing it without a
personal interview and the implements in readiness. However, we are
ready to give on this point of _great importance_ all the information we
can by sketches and writing.

[Illustration: View of Eureka Smutter.

(See following page.)]

[Illustration: Sectional View.]

[Illustration: This Cut Represents either size Machine driven from the
Top when so required.]

Some of the Reasons why the Eureka Should be used in preference to any
other Smut and Separating Machine now offered for Sale:

1st. The scourer used in the Eureka is constructed of the best imported
_cast sheet_ steel, manufactured and rolled expressly for this purpose.
The scouring is done on an entire smooth surface, and by direct action
on the grain, thoroughly scours and polishes the berry without waste,
and at the same time retains its scouring qualities until the scouring
case is entirely worn out. As the beaters or fan blades of the revolving
scouring cylinders are chilled cast-iron, they will last for years
without perceptible wear, and when the steel case is worn out by severe
friction of the grain, can be replaced at a small expense. All machines
are so strongly and permanently built, and the revolving cylinder so
perfectly balanced, that they will, with ordinary care, last for years,
with the small additional expense of renewing the scouring case, once in
from three to five or eight years, as the case may be.

2d. For its entire reliability in cleaning the worst samples of smutty
wheat; the preliminary or first separator is attached to all the No. 0,
1, 2 and 3 Ordinary sizes, which removes smut balls, dust, chaff, chess
or cheat, and light and worthless grains, before the wheat goes to the
scourer. As the scourer is thoroughly ventilated, supplied by air at the
bottom, and discharging the smut and dust loosened from the grain during
the process of scouring, through the perforations of the scouring case,
and the fan at the same time drawing a strong current of air through the
revolving cylinder, there is no possibility of the grain coming in
contact with smut and dust during the process of scouring. Most of the
so-called close scouring machines that are now being urged upon millers
are destitute of this important principle, and hence worthless.

3d. The Eureka, so far as we know, is the only machine that has a
perfect shoe attachment, and where the machine is the best known is
always invariably ordered. It requires little or no attention, being
driven by a belt from main shaft of the machine and a spring pitman; it
makes no noise, and with the improved double screen, takes out more
headings, straw joints, rat filth, corn and oats, than can possibly be
taken out with the rolling screen, while the cockle screen takes out
cockle, sand, etc., and we earnestly advise all persons ordering the No.
0, 1 or 2 machines, to order the shoe in all cases. It is now very
seldom that we have an order for either of the three sized machines
above referred to without the shoe, and in nine cases out of ten when
machines are so ordered, the shoe is afterwards ordered, thereby causing
extra expense and trouble.

The last reason we shall give is that this is, in all respects, the best
wheat cleaning machine in the world; this to millers is an important
consideration, and cannot well be overlooked.

In Ordering Smut Machines,

First, decide the size or number of machine wanted, and in deciding
this, it will be well to remember that the machines will do all claimed
for them. If a machine is wanted to clean twenty-five bushels per hour,
a No. 1 machine, run to the motion designed for it, will do it much
better than a No. 2, and either size machine run to the motion and fed
to the full capacity, will do much better work than if run at a less
motion and with a less feed. Some have thought that if a No. 3 machine,
for instance, will clean one hundred bushels per hour well, that it will
clean sixty bushels better. This is a mistake.


All machines are warranted to be built of the very best material and
perfect in all their parts, and any defect in the material or
construction will be made good to the purchaser without charge; and
further, to give entire satisfaction, when put up and run according to
directions attached to all machines.


When the cash is remitted with the order, or within thirty days from
date of shipment, a discount of five per cent. will be allowed, or list
price at the end of ninety days. If longer time is required, approved
notes on interest after ninety days from date of shipment, payable in
bank, will be required.

    |          |            |          |M   M|           | Height |
    |          |            |  SIZE    |o p i| DIAMETER  |  from  |CAPACITY
    |          |   Height   |          |t e n|           |Floor to|
  No| EXTREME  | from where |   ON     |i r u|    OF     | Centre |  PER
    |          |wheat enters|          |o   t|           |   of   |
    | HEIGHT.  | to floor.  |  FLOOR   |n   e|  PULLEY.  | Pulley.|  HOUR.
   0|5 ft 5 in.| 4 ft       |2 ft 2 in.| 700 | 6 in--4 in|1 foot. |10 to
    |          |            |          |     |       face|        |   15 bu
   1|6 ft 2 in.| 5 ft 6 in. |2 ft 2 in.| 700 | 7 in--4 in|1 foot. |20 to
    |          |            |          |     |       face|        |   30 bu
   2|6 ft 10 in| 6 ft 2 in. |2 ft 8 in.| 625 |10 in--5 in|1 foot  |40 to
    |          |            |          |     |       face|   2 in.|   60 bu
   3|7 ft 6 in.| 5 ft 9 in. |3 ft 1 in.| 550 |14 in--6 in|1 foot  |100 to
    |          |            |          |     |       face|   4 in.|  125 bu
  Length’ Scourer.         |          |     |           |        |
   2|7 ft 8 in.| 5 ft 2 in. |2 ft 8 in.| 650 |10 in--5 in|1 foot  |40 to
    |          |            |          |     |       face|   1 in.|   60 bu
   3|7 ft 11 in| 5 ft 3 in. |3 ft 2 in.| 550 |14 in--6 in|1 foot  |100 to
    |          |            |          |     |       face|   1 in.|  125 bu
   4|8 ft 2 in.| 5 ft 6 in. |3 ft 6 in.| 500 |14 to 16 in|1 foot  |125 to
    |          |            |          |     |--8 in face|   1 in.|  150 bu
   5|8 ft 2 in.| 5 ft 4 in. |3 ft 9 in.| 450 |18 to 24 in|1 foot  |175 to
    |          |            |          |     |--8 in face|   4 in.|  200 bu


With two or four Wheat Riddles and Cockle Riddle.

Patented April 9, 1861; Re-issued, April 19, 1871.


This Machine is named “Dustless Separator,” because the _Dust_ is
separated from the wheat, conveyed out of the mill, and deposited in a
dust room, before the grain passes to the riddles; the wheat and
screenings are left free from dust.

Its operation is as follows:--The grain enters the Machine at the
hopper, which is shown, where it receives the _first_ blast; then passes
through two to four wheat riddles in succession, and over a cockle
riddle into the _second_ blast. The riddles deposit oats, sticks, weeds,
ergot, rat-balls, etc., in suitable spouts; the heavy screenings fall
into a hopper and are spouted off. This Machine has none but _suction
blasts_, and is offered to the milling community as a _first-class

Dimensions and Capacity.

   No.|  Capacity    |Size on| Extreme  |Pulley.|Rev. per|
      |  per hour.   |floor. | Height.  |       |minute. |
    2 |30 to 40 bush.| 33×34 |5 ft. 4 in| 6 in. |  440   |2 riddles for
    3 |60 to 80 bush.| 45×34 |5 ft. 5 in| 6 in. |  440   |winter wheat
    2 |30 to 40 bush.| 33×34 |6 ft. 2 in| 6 in. |  440   |4 riddles for
    3 |60 to 80 bush.| 45×34 |6 ft. 3 in| 6 in. |  440   |spring wheat


[Illustration: FLOUR PACKER.]


MATTISON’, TAGGART’ and other well known Packers, ready for shipment
on short notice. For some situations one kind may suit better than
another, and when we know the purpose it is designed for can advise
which would suit best. The advantages of them are, that they are ready
for use when shipped by merely setting up and attaching power, and
suited to a variety of work in the packing line. The MATTISON kind will
pack in barrels or paper sacks of different sizes.

When a cheap Packer is wanted we have the _Portable Conical Roller Flour


Capacity, 3 barrels per hour--12 to 18 revolutions per minute. Weight,
250 pounds.




This cut shows the Duster as completed, with shoe attached, with part of
the outer case and part of the wire gauze cylinder removed, to show the
interior of the Machine. The lower section of the outside case
containing the spouts never being removed after once set up in the mill;
the shoe can be turned to any position required, by turning the top
plate with it which can be done by slacking the tie rods that bind all

The manufacturers have recently improved their already celebrated and
widely-known Machine. They say in their latest circular, “We have had
thirteen years experience on Bran Dusters, and nearly eleven years of
the time on our present Machine, and think we understand the wants of
Millers in this line perfectly. Our aim has been to make as perfect a
Duster as could be made, and think we now have a perfect one to offer
the milling public.

“Ours is a vertical Machine and so constructed that it can be run either
with or against the sun, as may be required.

“The Wire-cloth Cylinder is made in halves, and can be unbolted and
taken out one-half at a time, and can be turned around for examination
_on all sides_ while the Machine is running.

“We put on all sizes, a shoe to throw off dough balls or any foreign
substance that would injure the wire-cloth, making it a perfect Machine
without any other device than the Machine itself.

“We have had Machines running side by side with all the other kinds of
Dusters and have always beaten them in quantity and quality of flour,
and are ready at any time to put one to a test with any other Machine.

“This Machine has a Revolving Cylinder of pure Bristol Brushes and has
nothing but the Brush Cylinder to drive, making it run extremely light,
requiring less than one-half of one-horse power to drive the largest
sized Machines.

“There are now over seven hundred of them running, and as far as we know
all are giving perfect satisfaction, and we defy any man to show us
where one has been superseded by any other Machine; further, we will say
that we have put our Machine in place of several other kinds, and have
given satisfaction in all cases where others have failed. We find in
other Circulars statements that their Machines will make ten per cent.
of flour; _we say this is exaggerated_; we have made five and one-fourth
per cent., and say this is more than any other Duster can do with a fair
test. We do not make statements that are exaggerated, but only such as
we are willing to guarantee.

“For cleaning Cracked Wheat, Pearl Barley, and all this class of
material, there is no better Machine, and we can give the best of
testimonials of their work on this kind of material.”


This cut is a sectional view of the Machine showing the entire
construction, except the Shoe, which will accompany all of the Machines.
The Flour and Bran Spouts can be turned to any direction required,
independently, to adjust them to any location in a mill.


  No.|  Extreme   |  Size on  |Motion  |Dimensions of Pulley.|Capacity
     |  Height.   |  Floor.   |per min.|                     |per Diem.
   1 |4 ft.  4 in.|2 ft. 1 in.|  400   |  7 inch diameter,   |100 bbls.
     |            |           |        |    4 inch face.     |
   2 |4 ft.  7 in.|2 ft. 6 in.|  350   |  8 inch diameter,   |200 bbls.
     |            |           |        |    4 inch face.     |
   3 |4 ft. 11 in.|3 feet.    |  300   |  8 inch diameter,   |
     |            |           |        |    4 inch face.     |300 bbls.

☞ When required, Pulleys can be furnished from six to twelve inches


     Patented August 1st, 1871.


This mill has been built by us and in use for a number of years, and in
all cases has proven itself worthy of the reputation it has obtained.

The changes made within the last two years make it the best investment
of money that can be made by any one wanting a cheap mill. It is
complete in itself, not requiring any hangers, &c., to set it in
operation, and can be put to work without an experienced mechanic. In
its structure we have not been sparing in the material necessary to make
every part strong and durable. They will bear to be continually used
with a strong power without any part yielding in the least. The
objections to most mills of this class is caused by their being put up
in soft wood frames, and castings of frail dimensions, the consequence
being that the spindle and important parts soon get out of place. To
those having any kind of light power the smaller sizes are well adapted,
and in every situation where they have been properly placed their
satisfactory working has been exemplified and will be guaranteed by us.
It will grind middlings or minerals, all kinds of feed and make good
family meal.

The above cut is a fair representation of the mill; it is simple, and
has less parts than any other mill in the market. It has a horizontal
steel spindle running in anti-friction metal bearings, and a steel seat
at its end to receive the pressure of the burrs in grinding.

The runner is placed in an iron back and rigidly keyed to the spindle.
The bed stone is so arranged as to be self-adjusting. The mill cannot
get out of tram, since when left at liberty it will adjust itself into
perfect tram. The bed stone is held up to its place in grinding by a
stiff rubber spring, so as to enable it to yield in case any hard
substance enters between the burrs, thus obviating the danger of
breakage, and yet not permitting the stones to yield or press apart in
grinding ordinary substances. The spindle being horizontal this mill can
be driven directly from an engine, horse-power, or line-shaft. One great
item of superiority is that a strong or light power may be used and the
mill will grind in proportion, and will do good work at the same time.
_Every mill warranted._

DIRECTIONS for using and keeping in order sent with each mill.

Diameter|    Power     | Diameter |  Face   |  Capacity   |Revolutions
   of   |     to       |   of     |   of    |    per      |    per
 Burrs. |    Drive.    | Pulley.  | Pulley. |    Hour.    |  Minute.
 14 in. |1 to  4 horse.| 9½ in.|5½ in.|2 to  8 bush.|600 to 1200
 16 in. |2 to  6 horse.|11 in.    |6½ in.|4 to 12 bush.|400 to  800
 18 in. |4 to 10 horse.|11 in.    |6½ in.|8 to 20 bush.|400 to  700




Chill Hardened Corn and Cob Cracker, Bone and Bark Mill.

They are made of the best chill hardened iron, well fitted, and are
undoubtedly the best thing now made for the purpose, outwearing, in some
instances, three of the common kind. They can be set up in any kind of a
building, sometimes to the side on two strong brackets, or on any
suitable frame. It has a tight bottom and side spout, the power can be
applied at either the upper or lower end of spindles, or it can be run
with horizontal shaft by belt and gear. Speed from 160 to 175
revolutions per minute. Capacity from 30 to 60 bushels corn per hour,
depending upon speed, power, and condition of corn.

They can be furnished complete with a large iron hopper, and set on a
frame, with gearing, shaft, tight and loose pulley attached if so



_Clean the Shelled Corn Perfectly. Shell each Ear Separately. Require no
Self-Feeders. They shell Clean. Do not Break the Cobs. Do not waste the

The above is a cut of our No. 1 Centrifugal Corn Sheller and Cleaner.
The operation of this Sheller is as follows:

     The ears of corn are _shoveled direct into the Sheller_, and fall
     on to the center of a flat Perforated Shelling Wheel where they are
     thrown by centrifugal force towards the outside, but being caught
     by guides held down by a spring plate working between them are, “by
     the action of the wheel,” made to revolve, the corn shelled off,
     and the cobs forced off the wheel _endwise and without being
     broken_, fall on the Cob Carrier, and are carried away from the
     Sheller; while the shelled corn passes through the Cob Carrier to
     the Shaker, and thence to the Conveyor, into the Elevator, when it
     is raised into bags, wagons or cars.

_In cleaning the shelled corn they cannot be excelled._ In addition to
our Cob Carrier, we have a Shaker with a sieve made of perforated iron,
which is preferable to a wire sieve, as no silks will adhere to and clog
it. While falling on and passing through the Shaker, the grain is
subjected to a strong blast from the fan, which thoroughly cleans it of
all chaff, pieces of cobs, dirt, etc., leaving it in prime order for

Our No. 1 will shell and clean from 700 to 1200 bushels of shelled corn
per day, with two to four horse power.


[Illustration: Two-Hole Separating Sheller.]

For these we have a steady demand at all times of the year, and send
them to all parts of the country.

They do not operate in the loose rattling way of ordinary Two-Hole Hand
Shellers, got up to sell cheap, but work as closely and effectively as
any of the most effective Power Shellers; and no hand sheller has been
so much relied on for regular business as the Veteran.

The frames are made of the best and most thoroughly seasoned hard wood,
framed as closely as the joints can be driven together, and are “solid
as rock.” The shafts, shelling wheels, boxes, journals, etc., are on the
same scale of strength and close fitting.

They have the revolving wire cob carrier for separating the cobs from
the shelled corn, and when so ordered, they can be fitted with a band
wheel for connecting with power, and a feed table, as shown in the cut,
thus making a small and convenient power sheller.


[Illustration: Single or One-Hole Hand Sheller.]

It is strong framed: the frame being of the best seasoned hard wood,
capped with iron. Has the same character of shelling wheels as the power
shellers, bored true and fitted on shafts which are turned full length
and held in strong and durable boxes; has a fine adjustment of spout
irons and springs.

_It separates the Cobs from the Shelled Corn, and has a Fan for Cleaning
the Grain._



_Simplicity in Operation--Economy in Power--No Dust--No Dirt--Regular
Feed and Discharge._

In presenting this Machine to the millers of this country the
manufacturers say: “We feel confident that we fill a desideratum long
felt in milling circles, that is, a practical horizontal mill, having
the prominent features of economy in power, simplicity in operation,
cleanliness, and the perfect manner in which it does its work, yielding
more hominy from the corn than any other mill in use. The grain needs no
soaking or steaming, but can be worked dry as well as when damp. The
hominy and feed are separated before leaving the mill, the hominy
running out on a shaking screen where the fine is separated from the
coarse, leaving it in a perfect condition for market. The feed is
deposited on the opposite side. The mechanical construction of this
machine is first-class, and its durability and simplicity is unequaled
by any other known mill. It is compact; the space it occupies does not
exceed two by three feet square. The skill of a practical miller is not
required to run it, as any one, however limited their knowledge of
machinery may be, can operate it successfully.

“Our long experience in the manufacture of hominy and Hominy Mills
enables us to say confidently that we can now offer a machine


And no mill in the country should be without one. We have witnessed the
rapidly increasing demand for this excellent and wholesome article of
food from comparatively a few to more than ten thousand barrels a year
in our own business alone. That Hominy is a healthy and nutritious
article of diet no one pretends to deny, as it has been ascertained by
chemical analysis and comparison that one pound of Hominy equals five
pounds of Potatoes.

“This Mill will work from FOUR to SEVEN bushels of corn per hour. One
bushel of common corn will make from twenty-eight to thirty pounds of
Hominy. Flint corn will produce a greater yield. The offal, or meal,
sells rapidly, and brings a price equal to that for ground corn, making
a superior feed for hogs, cattle, etc.”

We have a Hominy Machine, horizontal cylinder screen, &c., not a
continuous feeder, that takes in a charge of one-half bushel at a time,
and does first-class work, that we will sell at a less price. See price



Of the Best Makes, and Warranted.

Always Ready for Shipment, at Manufacturers’ Lowest Prices.

_Deal direct with us_; _Satisfaction Guaranteed_.

General Purpose Platform Scales,

_With and without wheels and drop levers, or with extra heavy wheels and
drop levers._


             DESCRIPTION.      CAPACITY.
             PLATFORM.            LBS.
  No. 1,  21½×15 in.           400
   “  2,  23¼×16¾ in.       600
   “  3,  25×16¾ in.           800
   “  4,  26×17 in.              1000
   “  5,  28×20 in.              1200
   “  6,  28½×20½ in.      1400
   “  7,  28¾×20¾ in.      1600
   “  8,  30¾×22¾ in.      1800
   “  9,  32×23 in.              2000
   “ 10,  33¼×24¾ in.      2500
   “ 11,  38×30 in.              3000

Cornometer, or Grain Testing Scale.


Adopted by the Chicago Board of Trade. Graduated so that by balancing a
quantity of grain in the cup, the beam will designate exactly how many
pounds it will weigh to the bushel.

Grain Scales.



  30 bushels,  16  inch  opening,  without wheels.
  30 bushels,  16  inch  opening,  with wheels.
  40 bushels,  17  inch  opening,  without wheels.
  40 bushels,  17  inch  opening,  with wheels.


  60 bushels, 18 inch opening.
  100 bushels, 3 foot opening.
  125 bushels, 3 foot opening.


  2500 lbs., Platform 3×3 feet.
  3500 lbs., Platform 3½×3½ feet.
  5000 lbs., Platform 4×4 feet.

Iron Pillar Grain Scales.


  60 bushels, 18 inch opening.
  100 bushels, 3 foot opening.
  125 bushels, 3 foot opening.
  200 bushels, 4 foot opening.
  300 bushels, 5 foot opening.

IRON PILLAR DORMANT SCALE. With Graduated Counterpoise.

  2500 lbs., Platform 3×3 feet.
  3500 lbs., Platform 3½×3½ feet.
  5000 lbs., Platform 4×4 feet.

These Scales are fitted up with the Patent Combination Grain Beam, when
so ordered. With it they are very desirable. They are furnished with the
Platform, as shown in the cut, or with opening to receive hopper as

On the double and single pillar Scales of each of the above sizes the
sliding poise is furnished without additional charge, and all highly
finished of first-class material.

Flour Scale.


DORMANT FLOUR SCALE. Capacity, 600 lbs.

Grain, Hay, Coal and Stock Scales.


             | Capacity. |                           | Distance from edge of
             |   Tons.   |     Size of Platform.     | Platform to beam rod.
           { |     3     | 13 × 7 feet 3 inches.     | 1 foot 8 inches.
   Portable{ |     4     | 14 × 8 feet 4 inches.     | 2 feet 1½ inches.
   Shallow { |     5     | 14 × 8 feet 4 inches.     | 2 feet 1½ inches.
   Pit.    { |     6     | 15 × 8 feet 5½ inches. | 1 foot 10 inches.
             |           |                           |
           { |     3     | 14 × 7 feet 7 inches.     | 1 foot 11½ inches.
           { |     4     | 14 × 8 feet 1 inch.       | 2 feet 7½ inches.
   Trussed { |     5     | 14 × 8 feet 1 inch.       | 2 feet 7½ inches.
   Levers. { |     6     | 15 × 7 feet 10¾ inches | 2 feet 4¼ inches.
           { |     8     | 22 × 8 feet 5¼ inches. | 2 feet 3 inches.
           { |    10     | 15 × 8 feet 4¾ inches. | 2 feet 9½ inches.
           { |    15     | 24 × 9 feet 5 inches.     | 2 feet 3½ inches.

Brass Tare Beam and Graduated Counterpoise, extra.

Patent Combination Beam, extra.

Combination Grain Scale Beam.

PATENTED Nov. 2, 1869.

Has proved a great success. We have introduced it into some of the
largest Elevators and Mills in the country, and it is universally
pronounced a great improvement on the old style of beam. _No weights are
used_, as the weighing is done exclusively with the poises.

The three upper beams register respectively, wheat, corn and oats,
giving the bushels and pounds on each beam; hence all computation of
figures, and liability to mistakes are avoided.

It is composed of three beautifully polished brass beams, and brass
poises respectively marked corn, wheat and oats.

       *       *       *       *       *

NOTE.--“Dormant Scales” are those with platforms made to let in even
with the floor; have given most all of the sizes we are prepared to
furnish. We try to keep ready for shipment most any style and price of
Scale wanted. Our price list gives dimensions, prices, &c.

       *       *       *       *       *


  Wheat              60
  Rye                56
  Barley             48
  Oats               32
  Corn               56
  Ear Corn           68
  Potatoes           60
  Sweet Potatoes     55
  Onions             48
    “  Top           28
  Turnips            55
  Clover Seed        60
  Timothy Seed       45
  Flax Seed          56
  Hung’ Gr. Seed    48
  Buckwheat          50
  Beans              60
  Castor Beans       46
  Bran               20
  Malt               38
  Corn Meal          50
  Salt               50
    “  Fine          55
  Stone Coal         70
  Dried Peaches      33
    “   Apples       25
  Broom Corn S’     46
  Millet Seed        50
  Peas               60
  Quick Lime         80
  Coke               40
  Blue Grass Seed    14
  Hemp Seed          14


  Wheat              60
  Rye                56
  Barley             48
  Oats               32
  Corn               56
  Ear Corn           70
  Potatoes           60
  Sweet Potatoes     55
  Onions             57
    “   Top          28
  Turnips            55
  Clover Seed        60
  Timothy Seed       45
  Flax Seed          56
  Hung’ Gr. S’     48
  Buckwheat          52
  Beans              60
  Castor Beans       46
  Bran               20
  Malt               34
  Corn Meal          48
  Salt               50
    “  Fine          55
  Stone Coal         80
  Dried Peaches      33
     “  Apples       24
  Broom Corn S’     46
  Millet Seed        50
  Peas               60
  Quick Lime         80
  Coke               40
  Blue Grass Seed    14
  Hemp Seed          14

How to compute easily and correctly the contents of a Hopper.

Multiply the length by the breadth, in inches, and this product by
one-third of the depth, measuring to the point.

Divide the last product by 2,150 (the number of cubic inches in a
bushel) and the quotient thus obtained will be the contents of the
hopper in bushels.

       *       *       *       *       *

The contents of a bin or box with perpendicular sides is found by
multiplying the length by the breadth, in inches, and this product by
the depth, and divide as above, will give the number of bushel

       *       *       *       *       *

  The U. S. Standard Bushel, Grain Measure contains 2150.44 cub. in.
        “       “      “       “     “     is 18½ in. diam. 8 in. d’.
        “       “  halfbush.   “     “        14      “   “    7  “
        “       “  Gallon, Liquid    “        contains 231 cubic in.

       *       *       *       *       *

Usual Weight per Bushel of Articles of Produce.

  Wheat,        60 lb
  Corn, shel’, 56
    “  in ear,  70
    “  meal,    50
  Barley,       48
  Oats,         32
  Rye,          56
  Buckwheat,    52
  Flax seed,    56
  Clover,       60
  Dr’ Appls,   24
   “  Peach’,  33
  Timothy,      56
  Coal,         80
  Salt,         50

In measuring vegetables, coal, etc., the measure requires to be heaped,
and adds about one-fourth to the number of cubic inches.


Couplings and Adjustable Self-Oiling Hangers and Boxing.

This important branch is one of our specialties. Having had made in
Massachusetts expressly to our order and for this particular purpose
tools equal to any in the United States for speed and accuracy, we are
prepared to furnish and keep ready to ship the supplies under this head.

The shafting, gear and pulleys properly proportioned are next in
importance to the motive power.

1st. Shafting should run perfectly true and be turned to a gauge
throughout its entire length.

2d. Couplings well fitted and easy to remove.

3d. Pulleys symmetrical in proportion and nicely balanced.

4th. The bearings should be self-oiling and adjustable, as by settling
of the building or other causes their position changes.

With all of these items complied with, there will be less trouble and
delays as well as a large per cent. of power saved.

In our price list we have fixed a price to each pulley, hanger, &c., for
the convenience of our customers, and we here will say that in buying
our work you do not pay for useless iron, while every part is strong and
sufficiently heavy. Those wishing estimates by weight or wishing to
purchase by weight, can always be accommodated.

OUR PULLEYS are turned, bored, correctly balanced and key-seated or
set-screwed. For table of sizes see price list. All those over 36 inches
diameter we are prepared to furnish with wood rims put up in a superior
manner, of hard and soft dry timber, turned inside and out, well oiled,
painted and balanced. The spiders are after the style shown in the cut
under head of Elevators, &c., (represented as leaning against the
Elevator.) The first segment or circle of the wood rim is of hard wood,
and is carefully fitted to the iron spider and lug provided to receive
the pressure and driving incident to the transmission of the power
required. Clamp bolts let partly into the wood are provided to always
keep the spider binding in the rim. No pulley rim is liable to get loose
on the arms or spider when built by us.

OUR SHAFTING is turned by a special machine made for the purpose, and no
variation in size will be noticed. Pulleys, gear or bearings may be
placed at any point with a perfect fit.

OUR ADJUSTABLE HANGERS avoid all liability of binding; the bearing or
boxing-part is free to find its natural bearing; the ball and socket
self-oiling pillow-block (Fig. 1, and Post Hanger Fig. 2. See
engravings) have the same advantages. All have the improved self-oiling
attachment making it necessary to oil but once in three months, and
cleaning twice a year.

These bearings are adjustable every way as much as required, and not at
all liable to heat.


[Illustration: Pulley. Showing style of our patterns. ]

[Illustration: Adjustable Self-Oiling Hangers, 8, 10, 12, 15 and 18 in.
drop, Fig. 3.

Self-Oiling Hangers, Rigid Bearings, 9, 12 and 15 in. drop.

And rigid Pillow block bearings, not self-oiling, but large oil cups and
cast cover, new improved patterns.]

[Illustration: Fig 1

Ball and Socket Self-Oiling Pillow Block.]

[Illustration: Fig 2

Adjustable Self-Oiling Post Hanger. 6 in. from post to center of

[Illustration: Fig 3


Rules to Find the Speed of Pulleys and Gearing.


The diameter of the driven pulley or wheel being given, to find its
number of revolutions.

_Rule_--Multiply the diameter of the driver by its number of
revolutions, and divide the product by the diameter of the driven: the
quotient will be the number of revolutions of the driven.


The diameter and revolutions of the driver being given, to find the
diameter of the driven:

_Rule_--Multiply the diameter of the driver by its number of
revolutions, and divide the product by the number of revolutions of the
driven: the quotient will be its diameter.


To ascertain the size of the driver:

_Rule_--Multiply the diameter of the driven by the number of revolutions
you wish to make, and divide the product by the revolutions of the
driver: the quotient will be the size of the driver.

_Note_--FOR GEARING take the diameters at the PITCH LINE, or take the
NUMBER OF COGS instead of DIAMETERS and use the same rules.

Weights of Rolled Iron, Round and Square,

From 3/16 to 6 inches, and 1 foot in length, in pounds and 100ths of

            ROUND IRON.          ||         SQUARE IRON.
   Size. |Weight.| Size. |Weight.|| Size. |Weight.| Size. |Weight.
    3/16 |  .09  |       |       ||  3/16 |  .12  |       |
    ¼  |  .17  |3¼  |28.04  ||  ¼  |  .22  |3¼  | 35.70
    ⅜  |  .37  |       |       ||  ⅜  |  .48  |       |
    ½  |  .66  |3½  |32.52  ||  ½  |  .85  |3½  | 41.50
    ⅝  | 1.05  |       |       ||  ⅝  | 1.32  |       |
    ¾  | 1.50  |3¾  |37.34  ||  ¾  | 1.90  |3¾  | 47.54
    ⅞  | 2.03  |       |       ||  ⅞  | 2.60  |       |
  1      | 2.65  |4      |42.46  ||1      | 3.40  |4      | 54.10
  1⅛  | 3.36  |       |       ||1⅛  | 4.28  |       |
  1¼  | 4.17  |4¼  |47.95  ||1¼  | 5.30  |4¼  | 61.06
  1⅜  | 5.02  |       |       ||1⅜  | 6.40  |       |
  1½  | 5.97  |4½  |53.76  ||1½  | 7.60  |4½  | 68.45
  1¾  | 8.13  |4¾  |59.90  ||1¾  |10.40  |4¾  | 76.35
  2      |10.62  |5      |66.75  ||2      |13.55  |5      | 84.48
  2¼  |13.45  |5¼  |73.18  ||2¼  |17.12  |5¼  | 93.17
  2½  |16.70  |5½  |80.30  ||2½  |21.15  |5½  |102.25
  2¾  |20.08  |5¾  |87.80  ||2¾  |25.60  |5¾  |111.76
  3      |23.89  |6      |95.60  ||3      |30.50  |6      |121.67

Weight of a Square Foot of Sheet Iron as per Birmingham Gauge.

  No.  10  or  .134  of an inch thick,   5.5  pounds.
  No.  12  or  .109  of an inch thick,   4.3  pounds.
  No.  16  or  .065  of an inch thick,  2.62  pounds.
  No.  18  or  .049  of an inch thick,  1.92  pounds.
  No.  20  or  .035  of an inch thick,  1.41  pounds.
  No.  24  or  .022  of an inch thick,   .95  pounds.
  No.  26  or  .018  of an inch thick,   .78  pounds.

  A Plate of Wrought Iron  1  foot square,  1   inch thick weighs  40  lb.
      “        “      “    1  inch   “      3⅝    “  long     “     1  lb.
      “     Cast      “    1    “    “      3⅞    “    “      “     1  lb.


This is an article long wanted in a number of situations where power is
applied by stiff gearing, such for example, as where one or more run of
stones are driven by spur or bevel gearing. The coupling is secured to
connect the ends of the principal driving shafts as in the style of an
ordinary coupling, or in case of back-lash in the mill spindles it is
placed immediately above the gear in such a manner as to allow it to be
easily moved up out of gear, at the same time producing an elastic
movement in the transmission of power. It gives the advantage of a belt
connection in a great measure, in allaying the jar produced by fast
running gear. It is constructed of cast iron in two parts, with a space
or opening between to receive the requisite number of large stiff rubber
springs; each half is secured independently to the ends of the two
shafts needed to be coupled, and the power is transmitted by pressure
upon the springs; a like connection is made with the gear or
trundle-head and mill-spindle of a mill stone. They are furnished of
different sizes to suit the situation and amount of power to be


[Illustration: Bevel Core Wheel.]

This is a clear representation of the style of our bevel core gear
patterns. It was engraved from a photograph taken direct from the
casting to show correctly the proportion, shape, &c. With this style of
gear, as well as those for spur gearing, we are sufficiently supplied to
meet most any reasonable demand. All our patterns were made for the
purposes of flouring mills, with a view to avoid superfluous metal, at
the same time, to make them strong and in good proportion. Our spur
bolting gear patterns have been prepared with special care; the patterns
being iron with the teeth cut from blank rims by a gear cutter, they
remain true and from these always make true castings. The arms are
curved and oval in shape, and the whole of a design exactly meeting the
tastes of the most skillful mill-wrights.

Any odd wheels that may be needed to complete the outfit of a job, we
have arranged to get on short notice. There being some half a dozen
foundries within a few blocks of our works, it will be seen we do not
lack the means near at hand.

Having a gear cutting machine in our establishment, we are prepared to
face and dress the cogs of spur pinions, trundle-heads, and spur gear of
40 inches diameter and less of narrow face, and those of 24 inches
diameter and less of most any face or pitch.

Wood Cogs.

In the engraving of the bevel core wheel is shown (to the right of it) a
wood cog as we furnish them from the machine. The now extensive demand,
built up by close attention to this small but very important branch, for
now over fifteen years, has made it necessary to prepare ourselves by
keeping a larger stock of the material as well as improved machinery for
making them. At the proper time each year we have cut of hickory, sugar,
(often termed maple,) and some oak specially for this purpose, and we
have at no time less than 25,000 feet of the best lumber, part of it
being from three to six years old. For this purpose we use only the butt
logs cut from trees standing exposed in the out-skirts of the timber.
When cogs are wanted to refill a wheel it is best to take out one of the
old ones and fit a temporary one in place of it, then send to us by
express, with your order by mail, or with the cog, of the number wanted.
The cogs will be shanked and place cut for the keys exactly as per
sample, _and all uniform_, unless otherwise ordered. It is desirable for
us to know about what the pitch of the gear is, although the projecting
part of the cog is left of ample size to shape the tooth. We always box
them, and ship by freight or express, as ordered. It is no uncommon
thing for us to send cogs thus over a thousand miles from our works.


Are furnished to order to be driven by spur or crown wheel gear, direct
from upright shaft, in iron or wood husks, or without husks as
preferred. Such a mill is constructed to drive one or half a dozen run
of stones from one crown wheel. The iron pinions are made to lift from
suitable iron sleeves when necessary to stop one or more of the stones.
This device is simple and not objectionable. To those who prefer to make
the husks at the mill house we will send drafts and description showing
how every part, iron and piece is located, as well as the entire
structure on the most approved plan.

Management of Water Power.

Here is where bad mistakes are often made, and the best of water wheels
sometimes condemned when the fault may be in not properly attaching the
wheel, or improper application of the water, or speed or size of wheel
not properly proportioned to the height of head or amount of water. And
we ask of parties interested in water powers to apply to us for advice,
should they have no one at hand competent to counsel with. We have
furnished and put in many kinds of water wheels for flouring mill
purposes, and carefully observed the workings of them, some of which are
still prominently before the public, and our experiences have developed
some valuable points of interest to those building water mills.

Measurement of Water in a Stream.


It is very important to ascertain the quantity of water that flows in a
stream, and the head and fall, to determine the exact amount of power
and the work it is capable of doing. It is frequently the case that
mills are constructed before finding the power of the stream, and upon
trial are found to fall short of their calculations. We give a very
plain way which will determine this. Place a wide board as a dam across
the stream (called a weir.) When the quantity of water is considerable,
it must be made in sections to get it sufficiently wide and long; then
cut a notch as shown in the engraving and about two-thirds the width of
the stream, placing the bottom of the notch level, and let the ends of
the weir dam (B B) be well bedded on each side of the stream. Observe in
cutting the opening or notch to bevel the edges down stream to within
say ⅛ of an inch of the side up stream; that the edges of the notch
sides and bottom be almost sharp but true and square, and the whole
opening sufficient for the water to pass; the bottom of the notch can be
leveled by letting the water pass over in a thin sheet; then drive a
stake three to four feet above the dam to one side or the middle of the
stream, and the upper end of it on a level with the bottom of the notch
in weir. And now that you have the dam made and in position so that all
the water will pass through the notch and no leaks, allow the water to
reach its full depth, then take square or rule and measure the exact
distance from the top of the stake driven in the stream to the top of
the water flowing towards the weir; 2d. Width of notch; 3d. Head and
fall, and send to us, and we will give you the power of your stream,
size of wheel to do the desired labor, &c.


[Illustration: STEAM ENGINE.]


Careful experiments and practice with a view to properly proportion the
motive power to the work to be done has prepared us for giving valuable
information concerning steam engines for the purpose of flouring mills.
And when requested will furnish the engines themselves combining the
necessary qualities, and see in person that all the parts, speed, &c.,
&c., be exactly adapted to do the work. When we furnish the engine, with
the other supplies of the mill, which is frequently the case, our
customers may rest assured all will be satisfactory as regards style of
finish, durability, sufficiency of power, and economy in the use of
fuel. We do not make engines ourselves, but purchase them of the best
makers, and if we should be consulted in all cases of whom to buy,
style, kind, &c., or be ordered to supply the engine direct, our
customers will be more likely to get what is best.


[Illustration: _FIG. 1_

_FIG. 2_

_FIG. 3._

Patented September 4, 1866, and August 1, 1871.]

We do not think it necessary to write at length on the advantages of
this improvement, nor print our files of recommendatory letters. The
necessity among intelligent millers and mill-owners for a good and
durable self-tramming driving iron is already well established. Many
attempts have been made to devise something for the purpose, and the
results are numerous; among them the “slip driver,” and those with loose
oscillating appendages for the weight of the stone to rest upon and be
driven by, and when adapted to their work, imperfectly accomplish the
design; their lack of durability, the obstruction presented to the free
passage of grain or middlings to be ground, and the fact that their form
does not admit of a free adjustment while driving the stone are the
chief objections. It has been established that these faults are entirely
avoided by the improvement illustrated in the accompanying cut, in which
Fig. 1 is an elevation showing the iron ready to be cemented in the eye
of the runner. Fig. 2 is a view of the bottom and inside, with the
sockets for the reception of the ends of the driver. Fig. 3 is a
sectional elevation of all the parts, including the spindle and driver.

The bridge S S, in which the steel cock-eye is placed, is in the form of
an inverted arch, and is a portion of the entire outside part. Being in
this shape, it has the double advantage of increased strength, and, by
the attachment above the point where the grain is distributed, making no
obstruction whatever to the passage of the grain or other substance to
be ground. The bearings for the ends of the driver, C C, are cast on the
adjustable section of the iron shown on the inner part of Fig. 2. This
being adjustable on the steel pins shown as passing through the lugs A
A, gives to the ends of the driver at all times a free and equal bearing
in a lateral direction. The object gained by this arrangement is the
application of power by the driver to the inner section in a direct
plane, parallel to the face of the runner stone, said plane at the same
time passing through the cock-eye--hence there is no tendency whatever
to tip the stone.

When the ordinary spindle with stiff driver is put in tram to the face
of the runner, the miller has no assurance that it will remain so, the
chances, indeed, being constantly against it. The heaviest spindle is
liable to spring from its true position by the pressure of the gear or
belt in driving it; the face of the runner stone changes, and the best
driver, or its bearings, will from unequal wearing of the metal or in
other ways cause it to get out of tram. The results are uneven grinding,
inferior flour and diminished yield. The trouble necessary to take the
spindle out, turn over the runner, make a staff and file the ends of the
driver, is generally sufficient to deter the miller from performing the
disagreeable job, and the bad grinding is conveniently attributed to
some other difficulty.

Among the advantages offered by this improvement are increased grinding
capacity with a given amount of power, more even grinding and better
yield, and lastly, but not less important, increased facility in
obtaining a perfect running balance. It will be observed that the runner
is supported upon a steel seat secured in the stone permanently--being
substantially the same in this respect as when the ordinary balance-iron
is used.

The power being transmitted to the stone by the adjustable part of the
iron and no weight upon any part of it, with the entire structure of the
form to give the greatest attainable firmness and durability, combine to
make it perfection as a driving iron, and it is accordingly in extensive
use, although no especial effort has been made until late for their
manufacture and sale. They are made in the best manner by skillful men
and machinery adapted for the purpose, the parts well fitted and turned
true inside where the grain enters and passes.

They are made of the following sizes: 8½, 10 and 12 inches diameter.

To order for attaching to stones with other irons already in, give
diameter of the eye in stone at the face.

Distance from the cock-head point to the lower side of the driver.

Shape of cock-head as near as you can.

Shape and exact size of spindle where your present driver goes on.

In getting the shape as well as size of place where your present driver
fits, it is a good plan to oil the inside surface of the hole in driver
(in which the spindle fits) and fill it with plaster, then take out and
send the cast by express. The shape of cock-head may be got by similar

We will send necessary instructions, so that any one of medium skill can
put them in at the mill.

Give names, post office, county, and shipping point plainly, and how you
wish to pay us. Money sent by Post Office Order is safe, and payment
with the order always saves delay and trouble of making out bills,
book-entries, &c. To those whose faith is not sufficient, will send the
irons on trial or as circumstances best suggest at the time.

The safe arrival of them is guaranteed. Every iron is warranted.

[Illustration: Fig. 1.]

[Illustration: Fig. 2.]

These two cuts are intended to represent the self-tram irons for our
under-runner mills. Fig. 1 shows the form of the outside, as it appears
before being bedded in the centre, and iron back of the runner stone.
Fig. 2 is a view of the inside, showing where the point of the spindle
and driver rest.



This cut is a sectional view of our improved oil bush. A shows the mill
spindle, B B, B B, is the collar or part that turns with the spindle and
is secured firmly to it. The parts E E E E, show the upwardly projecting
sleeve at some distance from and encircling the spindle or shaft, and
forms the inner wall of the oil chamber. C C C C are two of the four
followers or segments lined with the best anti-friction metal. The
wedges N N, are raised or lowered as circumstances require by the four
metal screws, two of them being shown at S S; by this means the
followers and spindle are adjusted with great precision. D D D D forming
the outer wall of the chamber, and E E E E its bottom and inner part,
gives us a complete oil well in which the followers, collar of spindle,
&c., are immersed. THE OPERATION is as follows: the rotating shaft or
spindle carries with it the collar or sleeve bearing and produces
centrifugal force in the chamber, by which the oil is driven up the
sides of the passages and followers; the bearing is thus made to move
constantly in oil. No oil can escape except when necessary to draw off
at the orifice provided with the thumb screw K, when a fresh supply is
needed. This simple self-oiling arrangement is the best thing in use for
fast running upright bearings of any kind.


Patented December 31, 1867.

[Illustration: _Fig. 1_]

The object of the invention which is herewith illustrated, is to enable
the spindles of mill-stones to be adjusted with perfect accuracy, and at
the same time furnish bearings of anti-friction materials, which may be
kept constantly and perfectly lubricated, and from which all extraneous
dust or grit, calculated to aggravate friction, may be kept excluded.

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of this improvement, and Fig. 2 is a
sectional view of the same, showing details of construction. A, Fig. 2,
is the spindle, playing in segmental bearings B.

There are four of these, which, together, make up the entire bearing for
the spindle. They are hollow, as shown in the engraving, and faced with
anti-friction surfaces.

The outer sides of these segments are inclined, these surfaces resting
against the inclined inner surfaces of the hollow binding wedges C.
Through the lower part of these wedges pass hooked bolts, D, with thumb
nuts at their lower ends, by turning which the wedges are forced upward,
and the segments B being prevented from rising by the top plate E, are
forced inward till their surfaces are brought in proper proximity to the

[Illustration: _Fig. 2_]

It is evident that by raising and lowering these wedges, as
circumstances require, the spindle can be adjusted with the greatest

Lubrication is secured by placing a store of oil, in the chambers F, of
the segmental bearings B, from which it is fed, as wanted, through the
apertures G, to the bearing surfaces of the spindle and bush. Lastly,
the exclusion of dust and grit is secured by forming a chamber H, upon
the top plate of the bush, with an annular cap which shuts down over it,
and encloses the spindle, in which chamber is placed packing yarn or
other suitable material to intercept all extraneous material of this

The top plate is bolted down to the external portion of the bush, and
the whole enclosed, as shown in Fig. 1.

All experienced millers are aware that the attainment of the above
objects by a simple device is a very desirable achievement. By the use
of this improvement the adjustment can be readily and accurately made,
and the wear of the spindle is reduced to a minimum.

We can fit any size spindle from 3½ to 5 inches diameter, and have
three sizes of bushes, 7½, 8½ and 9½ inches square. In ordering
bushes, all that is necessary is to state the diameter of neck of
spindle and size of eye in bed stone, and the proper size bush will be
shipped. Satisfaction guaranteed.

We have some half dozen different patterns of bushes ranging in price
from $2 to $20--some having three and some four followers for wood or

Lighter Screws and Hand Wheels.


These engravings illustrate the style of hand wheel and screw with cap
and washer that we make and furnish with our combined husk mills, and
when ordered we send them with the irons needed with mill stones. The
figure on the right shows the hand wheel, screw cap and washer in
position when ready for operation. The wrought iron screw is cut in a
lathe and is what is termed a square thread. The wheel cap and washer
are all turned and polished, making a good looking, durable fixture, as
well as an accurate means of adjusting the stone. We sometimes make
these of brass.

Lighter Levers and Arched Step.


This shows our pattern for arched bridge pot and lighter lever for
geared mills or when an elevated step is wanted. The part holding the
steel on which spindle rests, is contained in a central lifting chamber,
which is turned to fit the body of the arch, like a piston, thus
allowing a perfect perpendicular movement without any liability to vary
from its true position; the heavy set-screw at the rear end of the lever
is to admit of more adjustment; the lever can be moved around at most
any required angle without interfering with any part of the step. We
provide means (not shown in this cut) to tram the spindle by screws
placed in the central lift part of the step, when desired.

Mill Steps.

Of these we have various styles, some sufficiently heavy for a six foot
mill stone, and to tram by screws. The centre lift part is constructed
in same style as the arch-step described above. We have patterns of all
lengths of lighter levers, as shown under head of Lighter Levers, which
fit over this style of step in same manner as shown, excepting we
provide an independent rest for the rear end of the lever and screw for
regulating it. This makes a very desirable rig for the lower end of mill
spindles in any mill, and are fast taking the place of all others. It
obviates the cutting of the bridge-tree or timber on which it rests.

The steel on which the spindle-toe rests and presses sidewise in running
is constructed in various ways. In some situations we provide a flat
plate, below for taking the downward pressure, and above it a heavy
steel ring supported a little above to allow a chamber for the flow of
oil around the very extreme lower end of the steel spindle toe. This
chamber is free to be supplied with oil from the upper receptacle
through holes provided for the purpose. A bearing made with a hardened
steel plate below and a ring of good anti-friction metal around the
spindle-toe is the most desirable when properly constructed and of
suitable metals.


[Illustration: Fig. 1.]

Of all the various styles and sizes we are better prepared to make than
any other establishment we know of in the United States. We keep on hand
large quantities of the material of which they are made so that it may
be thoroughly seasoned before use. Their construction is as follows: the
tops are made of double-thickness lapped and tongued and screwed
together. The body is made of pine staves, worked on a double-headed
tongueing and grooving machine made for this purpose, with their
mandrels in radius positions to make a close fitting joint for any size
we choose to make; the outside bands are of black walnut, under which we
place neat iron bands, one at the base and one near the top, under the
projecting curb or top. For protecting the wood from being affected, we
coat the inside with white lead paint, and give the outside three coats
of good varnish. In the preparation to ship them and keep every part
from the liability of damaging in the least, we make a complete
protection of a light frame work and circle pieces surrounding the
whole. When the hopper frame and feed rig is ordered we place them
inside. This not only makes a strong and durable cover to the
mill-stone, but one that for style of finish and attractive appearance
pleases all.

Silent Feeders.

[Illustration: Fig. 2.]

Of these we make some half a dozen kinds, differing somewhat in
construction and appearance, some of which are shown in the accompanying
cuts. Fig. 1 is of the style known as “the glass globe tripod.” The
globe is made of the best clear flint glass from one-fourth to one-half
inch in thickness. The iron frame can be lifted from its bearings on the
curb at any time. The hand wheel and screw by which the feed to the
stone is regulated, is provided with a spring so that by pressing upon
the wheel the feed tube can be suddenly raised if necessary, when by the
action of the spring it will take its exact position as before. All the
parts are carefully fitted up, the hand wheel and such other parts
turned as necessary to complete it in a tasteful manner.


     Fig. 3.

With those shown in Figs. 2 and 3 we make large or small conical
hoppers, of heavy tin, galvanized iron or brass. The feed rig shown in
Fig. 3 is called the Bracket Rig. The feed wheel is turned, and all
fitted up in same manner as the others, and suits more millers for
custom and merchant mills than the other styles. Those however which are
most frequently wanted is this bracket rig with the ordinary wooden
hopper and frame, after the style shown upon the mill on page 17. If a
feed attachment is wanted, with shoe and damsel for feeding corn, mixed
feed, &c., we usually send the kind shown on the mill, page 14. In all
cases where orders are given for any kind of a feed attachment for mill
stones, we must know the size of top of curb, size of opening in it and
distance from top of bail or balance iron to top of said curb, size of
eye in stone, and when feed plate is wanted, give width of said balance
bail, and if there is anything projecting above it, give its size and
shape, so that we can fit the feed plate, damsel or what may be ordered,
to it.

Proof Staff.


To promptly and satisfactorily fill all orders in this line we keep on
hand a complete assortment. The use of this article in a mill of two or
more run of stones is not as fully appreciated as it should be; we do
not see how a miller can well get along without it.

The kind we furnish we think are the best in the market, exactly true,
made of the best shape to retain a true face, provided with a spirit
level in the back; for correctness no other can excel it, and the whole
is placed in a close fitting, nicely finished box. Three sizes are made,
see list.

Red Staffs.


These articles of the various sizes used in flour mills we make of the
best entirely dry and seasoned cherry lumber. The stuff is prepared by
suitable machinery, every piece carefully fitted, then secured by glue
and screws, the latter liberally put in. Both the staff and box are
finished in neat style, well varnished, and sold at a price that will
not pay for making them at the mill, unless the material was at hand and
advantages better than usual.

Mill Picks.


We have under our constant employ pick makers that know their business,
and we are having imported for this purpose a brand of English steel
made expressly for mill stone picks. We make three sizes with eyes,
unless otherwise ordered, as follows: light cracking, heavy cracking and
furrowing. (See price list for prices, weight, &c.) If any points
should prove defective (as will occasionally happen) do not have any
other maker or smith work on them, but return to us and we will make it
satisfactory, and send back at once, as we warrant every one. We have
ready for shipment several patent picks, some of which we have tested
and describe as follows:

Cumming’ Pick.

[Illustration: Fig. 1.]


[Illustration: Fig. 2.]

[Illustration: Fig. 3.]

Fig. 1 represents the entire Pick ready for use. In Fig. 2 the pick or
blade is shown in connection with the clamp-bar. While in Fig. 3 is
given a complete sectional view of all parts of the device. In this Fig.
C C represents the head or stock, and G the clamp-bar with its
wedge-shaped head H. At K is shown the blade with its upper end bent to
fit the notches in the clamp-bar. The device is perfect without the set
screw F.

In adjusting for use the blade is placed upon the clamp-bar as shown in
Fig. 2, and both are inserted within the socket of the pick-head; they
are driven firmly into the socket by using. It will be seen that the
more powerful the blows upon the stone the more securely is the blade
confined within its socket, resulting from the wedge-like form of the
clamp-bar. While to remove the blade reverse the pick and strike the
opposite end of the clamp-bar on any solid substance, (a small piece of
iron placed on the face of the mill stone is most suitable,) when the
bar and blade will be instantly released, and another blade can be
readily inserted. The blades being of a uniform thickness and temper
only require grinding to sharpen. The wearing portion of each blade is
3½ inches; as they are worn by use they can be let down in the
ratchet. Ten blades furnished with each.

Crossley’ Pick.

[Illustration: _Fig. 1_]

[Illustration: _Fig. 2_]

Fig. 1 is a perspective view, and Fig. 2 a sectional view.

This improvement supplies a want long felt by millers, more especially
those who have not the convenience of sending their picks to a good
blacksmith who understands tempering steel.

A is a wedge-shaped plate, which is attached to the handle by a screw
shank; B is a piece of metal made so as to partly fold about A, as
shown, but leaving a space between A and B, in which the steel bit C is
held by a lug formed upon it, which fits into a corresponding recess in
the plate B, as shown in the section, Fig. 2.

It results from this arrangement that blows upon the bit C, in dressing
a stone, more firmly clamp and hold the parts together, while to loosen
them, all that is necessary is to tap the plate B on the end opposite
the cutting point or edge, which unwedges the two plates and releases
the bit.

Two recesses are provided in the plate B, so that when the bit is worn
down it can be set further out from between the plates A and B. When one
end of the bit becomes so worn as to be no longer available, the bit is
reversed, and the other end applied to dressing the stone. Thus the bit
may be used until it is almost entirely worn away. It is retained
firmly, and yet is instantly detached for sharpening or for adjustment.

The head is made of Malleable Iron, and the blades of the _very best
quality hammered cast steel_, tempered the whole length, and do not
require blacksmithing, but only to be ground when dull.

The price places these Picks within the reach of every miller.

Twelve 6 inch double blades sent with each head.

Hoisting Screw, Wrench, Bails and Pins.


We are well prepared for making the above articles and have all ordinary
sizes on hands ready for use. The outfit is of the very best material;
the wrench, screw, &c., is of wrought iron, and together with all the
parts is in fine proportion and of great strength.


These we generally make to order, but we keep at all times a few of such
as are mostly called for.

Those with from three to five beaters, with staff, and all wrought
iron, are mostly ordered for merchant and sometimes custom mills. We
have a variety of patterns for cast iron damsels with oval beating part.
We turn and polish both kinds so as to make a neat and useful article.
In ordering these some needed dimensions are necessary to enable us to
meet expectations.



[Illustration: Fig. 1.]

This engraving represents the head and part of the trunk of an Elevator,
or what is termed an elevator head; Fig. 2 (on next page) represents the
elevator foot. An elevator head and foot as furnished by us includes
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 with turned iron pulleys in them, the necessary
shafting, and an outside bevel or spur gear wheel or turned pulley to
receive power for driving the Elevator.

NOTE.--The iron spider as represented leaning against the Elevator head
(Fig. 1) has no connection with any part of it except to show the shape
of our patterns in that line.

[Illustration: Fig. 2.]

Elevator Cups (IMPROVED.)

Of all the sizes required for any kind of an elevator we make in our
establishment. Having long employed a workman on this work with special
machinery of our own, and as we buy the stock in large quantities, we
are as well equipped as it is possible to be for making this useful
appendage of a flour mill. Their advantages are: durability and economy,
the different sizes are perfectly uniform, of the smaller and medium
sizes the body is made of heavy tin, and all having an iron band neatly
and skilfully secured around the upper edge. It makes a thoroughly
strong, smooth, at the same time a light cup, and offering the least
resistance in passing through the grain of any cup now offered.

They are less liable to catch on the sides of the Elevator trunking, and
no breaking and tearing as is common to the cheap wired or rough iron
cups secured to the belt in the ordinary manner. Cheap cups made in the
usual style, wired tops, for old mills and repair jobs, constantly on

Our Improved Fastening.

This is of special advantage, has been used since 1869, and all who use
and see it pronounce it vastly superior. It is a copper clasp nicely
contrived to firmly clamp the bucket to the belt. It perforates the belt
and cup through two or three slotted openings. The cup can be easily
removed from the belt; it does not cut the belt so as to weaken it; it
prevents the cups from tipping as they pass down. The expense is some
more than screws, but those having put up common warehouse elevators
with this fastening, think it the cheapest article in use.

Bag Trucks.


The frequent calls for this useful article has induced us to prepare for
and make them in large quantities, until we find ourselves supplying the
leading retail and jobbing houses of the west cheaper than they have
been heretofore supplied by eastern makers. It is a better constructed
and more desirable tool than will generally be found. We make a box
truck also, similar in style.

Conveyor Flights.

Of all sizes required, made of sugar or maple lumber. They are smooth,
uniform and of desirable shape. In ordering, give dimensions of face or
front of flight and size of hole you intend driving the tenon into;
also, the size and kind of wood the shaft is made of.


We make these of various sizes. Some are wanted to make flour rapidly
for some particular markets, and require to be of large size, with
medium fine cloth. Those in most common demand are for custom mills and
of two sizes: one with 8 feet, and one with 10 feet reels in complete
chests with conveyor and necessary cut-offs for changing grade of flour;
a shaft with coupling, and outside pulley or pair of bevel gear wheels
is furnished, so that it can be driven from either end. Every thing is
done to facilitate the convenience of setting up and attaching power.
The cloth is made up of “Dufour & Co.’s best Dutch Anchor,” to fit the
reel, and of proper numbers for the work required. When a bolt is wanted
for this purpose we should know the capacity required of it, &c.

Meal Bolts.

These are made in chests with conveyor, cut-offs, &c., as described
under head of “Buckwheat Bolts.” Cloth adapted to requirements, either
of wire or silk. These are of two sizes, 5½ and 8 feet reels.


“A good belt is what I want,” is the remark often made, and to supply
our already large trade in this line, we have made the necessary
arrangements to ship on call what may be wanted at the lowest rates. In
ordering, it is well to state the purpose for which it is wanted. For
elevators, we recommend leather belting; when something cheaper is
wanted, we furnish three-ply cotton duck. It is not so durable, but is
firm, and strong as any gum belt, and answers a good purpose for a cheap
warehouse, meal or feed elevator.

Perforated Zinc, Tin, Iron or Steel Plates.

Of most all sizes and shapes of holes for zig-zags. Riddles, malt-kiln
floors, corn screen, and smut mill jackets furnished at low rates.

Screen Wire.

For wheat screen, meal bolts, &c., from number 2 to 24 meshes to the
inch, most all widths, in any quantity desired. Wire is even and good
size to form a strong fabric.

Duster Wire.

English and American wire for bran-dusters, 9 inches wide. The kinds
mostly in demand we keep in stock.

NOTE.--In ordering perforated plates or woven wire, it is best to give
us as much time as possible, as it is impossible to keep made up and in
stock all the kinds wanted.


From our price list, although full and explanatory, it is difficult for
some to get a clear understanding, especially when a complete outfit is
wanted, including every iron, belt, &c., to attach power; therefore,
write us stating clearly as possible your wants, when we will make a
proposal of cost. We will send our printed weight and price list, when

As a rule when our customer is ready to order, or on our commencing the
work and making it ready for shipment, we require a payment of from
one-eighth to one-half of the whole amount, and settlement on or before
delivery, which is when a shipping receipt is taken, as the work then
passes into the ownership of the purchaser. By special arrangement we
often ship to the care of some satisfactory person or firm who will
receive and make settlement for the supplies. This person may reside at
or near to the point of destination. Do not think us exacting; all we
want is an equivalent for our products and some reasonably safe means of
getting it.


Under this head we have a few voluntary letters, answers and extracts
from those who are using our Mills, &c. Manufacturing the outfits of
grinding mills being our special business, it has been our custom to
keep regularly informed by correspondence as to any objections or
defects there could be in our work, and the results are numerous
answers, which we have endeavored to print worded the same as they
appear in the letters. In some cases, of course, the ideas are somewhat
disconnected, as they were not written for the special purpose of
publishing, but it is the facts that we are after, and they
unquestionably show that our efforts to make the BEST MILL NOW OFFERED
are a success, besides imparting much valuable information, some of the
writers having spent half a lifetime in the milling business. All of
these letters may be seen on file at our office, and the mills in their
respective places in constant use.

Two 36 Inch Geared Mills.

CEDAR POINT, Chase Co., Kansas, Dec. 12, 1869.

Agreeably to your request we write to inform

you how we are getting along with our mill. We started our wheat burrs
on the first inst. We had promised our customers we would do this months
ago. We run through just enough of our own wheat to fill the mill and
get the flour started, and then commenced on grist work. The first was a
grist of spring wheat. We took one-sixth toll and made 30 lbs. of flour
per bushel, which was pronounced by the owner the best he had ever had
in Kansas, and he is an old resident here. We have been grinding
regularly since, and in no instance have we heard one word of complaint.
On the contrary, we are fast gaining a reputation, and the prospect for
lively times with us is most flattering. This and the adjoining counties
are full of wheat, and there is a very large scope of new country to be
supplied south and west of us. We have already made about one hundred 98
lb. sacks of flour for ourselves, and have sold the most of it. It is
evident we are not going to be able to do the work with one run for
wheat. We have only run ten days, and our flour has already gone from
twenty to sixty miles. We think that you will agree with us that our
mill is a perfect success. We set up the burrs ourselves, and got Mr.
Britton of Cottonwood Falls Mills to assist us in getting the other
machinery in line. What is the least in cash at which you can furnish us
a Bolt like the one we have, with Elevators, Gearing, &c., and a Geared
30 inch Corn Mill? Hoping to hear from you soon, we are,

Yours respectfully,

In January, 1871, the above firm ordered a 16 feet double reel bolt, and
another mill; they were shipped soon after, and we have another letter
dated as follows:

CEDAR POINT, Chase Co., Kansas, April 9, 1872.

The mill machinery we purchased of you gives first-rate satisfaction.
The two run of three feet geared mills we run with a 48 inch Leffel
wheel under 7 feet head while at work, and grinding 10 bushels per hour
on each mill. The 2½ feet under-runner corn mill we run with a 35
inch Leffel wheel under same head, and grind 15 bushels of corn into
fine meal per hour with ease. This same wheel runs both the single and
double reel bolts that you sent us, as well as the other machinery of
the mill excepting the two wheat stones. Our works are all of your make,
and we have been running since the 1st of December, 1869, and are well
satisfied with the whole outfit. They have been used almost constantly
to do our grinding which is considerable and on the increase. We do as
good work as any mill in the State, and any one wanting good works in
this line, we would recommend to you.


It is the Best Machinery for Custom Work.

ETNA GREEN, Kosciusko Co., Ind., Feb. 3, 1870.

_Gents_:--Will say in reply to your inquiry, the 36 inch Mill I bought
of you in November, 1869, gives entire satisfaction. I can average ten
bushels an hour, and the 22 ft. Bolt does the separating of the bran and
flour complete; the work is giving general satisfaction. The 26 inch
feed Mill is all you recommend them to be. The Smut and Separating
Machine is the best, I verily believe, in use. It is sure pop on cheat
and rotten wheat; and, in short, all filth. I will say it makes the
wheat fit for grinding, complete. I did grind twenty bushels in seventy
minutes, by the watch, and did good work, on the 36 inch mill. My mill
is driven by a 7¼ inch by 16 inch cylinder engine, and boiler 16 ft.
long, 4 feet in diameter with three flues. I can make an average on the
two run of 22 bushels per hour. With two cord of wood will grind on the
two run over two hundred bushels. I have been engaged in the flour
milling business for twelve years, and would say, the above described
machinery is the best I have found for custom work; this is my main

Miller and Proprietor.

Pulley Mills--No better in the State of Ohio.

JOHNSVILLE, Montgomery Co., O., Jan. 24, 1870.

I have two of your mills, with bolt, and smut machine, 36 inch for
wheat, upper-runner, and 30 inch under-runner cock-head mill for corn;
have been running them constantly since August, 1868. I have taken hold
of the mill myself; I can make more flour to the bushel than the miller
I had. I have made 40½ pounds of the best of flour out of a bushel of
wheat and toll one-eighth. I have had splendid luck in grinding. My
miller had run me out of custom, but I am restoring it again. I have got
the burrs in better order than they ever were; can grind close and make
the best of flour. I can take a bushel of the best Tappahannoc wheat and
make 47 pounds of splendid flour. I have made 42 pounds of common red
wheat and tolled one-eighth, which would be 5¼ pounds added to 42
pounds, making 47¼ pounds of good flour. I have been awfully
humbugged in getting poor millers; have made but little and lost custom.
The first time I dressed the wheat burr, I run the corn stone all
day-ground buckwheat, and cracked the wheat burr in one day. She then
ground splendid and clean at the rate of ten bushels per hour.


Under a more recent date we quote from another letter: “I am running the
mills yet with better success than ever, making good flour and large
yields. On several tests have made 47½ lbs. lately of excellent flour
from ordinary red wheat. If you could give me some information about
keeping the furrows in the stones in order to grind cool and fast, I
would be thankful; as far as keeping in tram and cracking the face, I am
doing very well. I grind close and bolt clean. I have taken 60 lbs. of
good white wheat and made 50 lbs. of flour. What do you think of this?
The farmers say I can beat any mill they have tried. Please answer, and
give me all the instruction you can. It may be best for me to get a No.
1 Dresser to work on the furrows some, and I may catch items by it. I
have an order from New York for 100 bbls. of flour at this time. I would
like to exchange a half dozen of those light picks you sent me for heavy
ones, and pay the difference. I like a 2 pound pick the best for light

Yours truly,

Three Geared Mills. No Expense for Repairs.

GREEN CAMP, Marion Co., O., March 22, 1870.
MESSRS. NORDYKE, MARMON & Co., Richmond, Ind.:--

It gives us pleasure to write that we have used the Mills furnished us
by you, since May 28, 1868--two 42 inch Wheat, one 30 inch Corn
under-runner. The Wheat Mills have run ever since without one cent
repairs, and without any apparent wear--the balance being so perfect,
and being put up in so substantial a manner. They give entire
satisfaction, always doing their work in the best possible manner. The
two 22 feet Bolts are all that we could wish, doing their work well,
without one cent’ repair. The Corn Stone, under-runner, 30 inches, will
do double the work of 42 inch upper-runner Corn Mills, and do the work
_well_. The Smut Machine always does its work well. The work was all put
up in so substantial a manner by your James Albertson that we have never
made any repairs, only to replace perforated zinc on Smut Machine. Our
flour always brings the highest prices.

Yours, respectfully,

Cannot do Better.

WESTFIELD, Hamilton Co., Ind., Jan. 8, 1869.

_Gentlemen_:--In answer to your letter of inquiry of Dec. 30. Your mills
are doing well, they are giving as good yields and better flour than the
large, old style mills. Your 30 inch upper-runner mills for wheat, grind
from six to ten bushels of wheat per hour, and your 36 inch mill from
eight to twelve bushels of wheat per hour. By crowding a little when the
stones are sharp, will grind much more than I have stated. Your bolts
and smut machines work well; your mills run light, considering the work
to do. A 15 horse power engine, 8 by 16 inch cylinder, will drive two
run of your 30 inch mills,--60 pounds of steam,--and will drive them
twelve hours with one cord of wood. I think all wanting mill machinery
cannot do better than to order from the “Richmond Mill Works.”

Yours, respectfully,

36 Inch Geared Mill, 20 feet Bolt and Smutter.

NEW MAYSVILLE, Putnam Co., Ind., March 1, 1869.

_Sirs_:--I must tell you about the mill that I got from you. I am well
pleased with it. I can grind from twelve to fifteen bushels per hour,
and make first-class flour. I have run twelve hours with a half a cord
of wood. I have a good custom and still gaining. I have done the best
work with your mill that has been done in this country. There are
several mills around me. I have stopped some of them from running; they
get nothing to do in the line of custom-work. If I gain in work for the
next six months, like I have for the last, I will have to get another
mill. I am getting all I can grind now.


Mr. George’ mill is driven by a large sized Portable Engine.

N., M. & Co.

From same place we hear from Mr. George again under date of March 20th,
1872. I am still running the mill here that I got of you. I am looking
for a larger engine, and can you give me information as to prices, size,
&c., for three run of stones, same size as you sent me before? Suppose
your prices and terms are the same. I have ground 100 bushels per day on
this one on the average, and use ¾ cord of wood per day. I have
regular customers that come by the doors of my competitors. Here they
say they get better flour and more of it than at the old style water
mills, and their own flour from their own wheat. In the four years that
I have used your mill I have had but one item or bill of repairs to
foot, which was one set of wood cogs. I often grind 15 bushels per hour,
and do good work, but find the bolt will not clean it so well at this
speed of grinding. I like your larger bolts, as improved, much better. I
grind when the stones are in average condition as to sharpness 8 to 10
bushels per hour, and satisfy all in quality and yield of flour. There
are two mills at Bainbridge, 7 miles, and two others, 6 and 7 miles in
other directions, so you see I have competition all around me. Now,
give me figures on the other mills, with your improvements. I have been
a miller over 20 years and want a model job.

Yours, respectfully,

One 3½ ft. Wheat Mill, and One 30 inch Corn in Combined Husk.

SPEIER, Blue Earth Co., Minn., July 16, ’72.

_Gentlemen_:--I started my mills on the fourth day of July. It gives
entire satisfaction. It over-reaches your recommendation. My miller says
he thinks the burrs the best he ever saw. I think I will be able to meet
my note promptly at the expiration of the sixty days given.

Very respectfully,

Corn Mill and Portable Engine.

CANOLA, Howard Co., Kansas, June 17, 1872.
NORDYKE, MARMON & Co., Richmond, Ind.:--

_Gents_:--Yours of 7th inst. is received, and will say in answer, that
our mill came through all right and complete, excepting the hopper
frame, which we mended without any expense, consequently did not report
it. After thoroughly trying the mill, have to say that it fully comes up
to the warrant, and beats it, as we can grind from 25 to 30 bushels per
hour of good merchantable meal, with our Gaar, Scott & Co.’s fifteen
horse engine and 80 lbs. of steam, and if we were to buy another mill it
would be of the same brand.

Respectfully, yours,

What an Old Mill-Wright Says.

GUTHRIE, Lawrence Co., Ind., June 27, 1872.


The grist mills we purchased of you that we are using, are all right.
Our miller has followed mill-wrighting and milling for 30 years with us,
and he says that a better mill never run than the “Richmond Mill and
Bolt,” as they are now improved.

MOSES FRENCH, Miller and Millwright.

The Nordyke or Richmond Mill, Stands the Test.

BOXLEY, Hamilton Co., Ind., June 21, ’72.

_Gents_:--At your request I will write you what I am doing with the mill
you made. My engine is a 10×18 inch cylinder, boiler 42 inches diameter
and 20 feet long, with two large flues, and the stones, if you
recollect, are one of your heavy husk, 3 feet upper-runner mills for
wheat, and one of your 30 inch under-runner for corn and feed, and with
one and a half cords of wood every ten hours we can grind the week
through 10 bushels per hour on the wheat stone, and 20 bushels per hour
of corn on the corn stone. It has now been over four years since this
mill was started, but it does better work now than then, because of its
better management. I have new customers almost every week from near
other mills. It is no mistake, I make better flour--and my millers have
discovered it--than any of the larger mills through this country. I
need another run of wheat stones and bolts, as with them I could manage
the whole with my engineer and miller, and do about double the wheat
grinding with but little additional expense. Out of the wheat of the
year before last I made 40 pounds of flour from weighed wheat per
bushel, after tolling one-eighth; from last year’ wheat I could not do
it, it being rather light in this section.

Yours very truly,

Its Equal Cannot be Found in the State.

GREENFIELD, Ind., Dec. 23, 1869.

_Gentlemen_:--Yours of 23d inst. came to hand this date and contents
noted. Our mill gives perfect satisfaction, and must say we don’ think
its equal can be found in the State, of its size. Our smut mill can’ be
beat. We would cheerfully recommend your mills to any one that
contemplates building or refitting, in preference to any other mill. Our
old mill was burned on the night of July 3. We commenced cutting timber
for the new mill July 17, and the building was ready for the machinery
August 7; machinery set up and running October 12, and during the time
of setting up machinery one week was lost by the sickness of your
mill-wright. The machinery of our other mill was made in Cincinnati, but
it does not at all compare in finish and usefulness to our present
mills. We now run three pair of stones, and grind faster on each of
them, with less fuel, than we did on two pair before. We have two pair
of 36 inch wheat burrs and one pair of 30 inch corn burrs in one of your
Combined Mill Husks with long spindles; all three are under-runner
cockhead mills. They are driven by eight inch belts, with tightner
pulleys. This way of driving is so convenient for stopping and starting
the burrs, that we would now use no other arrangement. Our two Bolts are
single reel, 22 feet long. We have ground fifteen bushels per hour on
each of the wheat mills, and twenty bushels per hour on the corn stone.
When the wheat mills are in moderate order we consider ten to twelve
bushels per hour a fair speed for grinding and bolting, and making a
good yield. Our customers often get 40 and 41 pounds of flour to the
bushel after tolling. Our Engine is 10½ inch cylinder and 20 inch
stroke; it runs 110 revolutions per minute. Eighty pounds of steam will
drive all three run with ease. It requires about four cords of wood to
convert five hundred bushels of wheat into prime flour. We can say but
little more in relation to our mill, other than this, that any one
contemplating building a mill would do well to see our mill before
building; would be pleased to have you come out and see our mills run,
and should you have occasion at any time to refer people to us, would be
happy to show them our mill and give them what information we are able

Yours, with respect,
WOOD & Co.

On Feb. 14, 1870, Mr. Wood stated to us in person that on Feb. 12, they
ground twenty bushels of corn into nice family meal in forty-three
minutes, or at the rate of nearly _thirty bushels per hour_.

N., M. & Co.

Another Letter Near Three Years Afterwards.

GREENFIELD, Hancock Co., Ind., May 18th, 1872.

_Gentlemen_:--Yours of 10th inst. came duly to hand; have been so very
busy have not found time to answer sooner. We can only repeat what has
already been said in relation to our mill; it gives perfect
satisfaction. We would not like to be considered vain, but we do think
we have the best mill in the State. Our mill has stood the test of near
three years constant and hard labor, with no perceptible wear.

Yours respectfully,
WOOD & Co.

WM. G. SALLIE, Miller.

This mill is located on the P., C. & St. L. R. R., 20 miles east of

URBANA, Ohio, Sept. 20, 1870.

_Gents_:--Your mill gives entire satisfaction. Enclosed please find
check on First National Bank of Cincinnati for the full amount of your

Yours truly,

36 Inch and 30 Inch Geared Mills.

BROOKSTON, White Co., Ind., Aug. 5, 1869.

_Gentlemen_:--We expressed you the amount of last note on mills
yesterday. We have commenced grinding new wheat, but it is in rather bad
condition yet. We are doing a very good business, and are giving perfect
satisfaction in quality and quantity. We can make from 35 to 40 pounds
of flour per bushel, and grind on an average from eight to ten bushels
per hour. We have a 25 horse power engine, and can run both mills, bolt,
smutter, elevator, conveyors and corn shellers with from 60 to 70 pounds
of steam, and do it with all ease.

Yours, truly,

Oct. 20, 1869, Messrs. Vencil & Co. ordered their third run--a 36 inch
geared mill, together with 20 feet Bolt, No. 1, Richmond Smut and
Separating Machine, Flour Packer, &c.

N., M. & Co.

UNIONTOWN, Bourbon Co., Kansas, Aug. 26, ’71.

_Gents_:--Find enclosed draft on New York for twelve hundred and
eighty-eight dollars and sixty-five cents, which, if you have not
forgotten, is the amount of the first note. Please send it (the note)
with the name torn off. Our mill gives entire satisfaction. Will write
more fully in the future.


Perfect Custom Flour and Corn Mill.

MONITOR, Tippecanoe Co., Ind., March 1, 1872.
MESSRS. NORDYKE, MARMON & Co., Richmond, Ind.:

_Gents_:--We have used your machinery with persevering energy, now
commencing the second year, and have a larger custom patronage than all
of the other four mills nearest us. Our machinery consists of a 42-inch
iron turbine water wheel, under 9 feet working head; one 3 feet
upper-runner mill for wheat; one 30-inch under-runner mill for corn; one
Richmond Smutter with screen shoe separator; one 20 feet bolt, all of
which you made for us.

The wheat mill runner is in such perfect balance that we can run it
within thin paper thickness of the face of bed-stone; thus face to face
it will run with nothing whatever between them to the speed of 270
revolutions per minute. Any grinding mill, no matter how heavy the
runner stone, can be made to do this, if provided with your
improvements; and it pays well to have a mill so rigged. When the hoop
is on our wheat mill, a man standing six feet off and looking at the
nicely turned back, cannot tell that they are running. Not a particle of
jar or shake about them. The self-tram irons are the nicest thing ever
invented; would not do without them for half the price of the whole
mill. With one-third gait we can grind of wheat 8 to 10 bushels per
hour, and make more and better flour to the bushel, than any mill our
Mr. Fretz (in his 18 years of milling experience) has ever seen.

With a full gate it may surprise you to know that we grind of corn on
the corn mill 25 to 40 bushels per hour. Our flour stands the highest of
any that comes to LaFayette. There is no such thing as choking down, as
is so often experienced with other mills. We would advise those wanting
mill machinery to go to the Richmond firm and look before they buy
elsewhere, or they are welcome to see our mills run, which will satisfy
any one that understands anything at all about a mill. It only took us
15 days to set up our mills for running. Our machinery was shipped from
works on the 1st day of February, to Lafayette, and on the 13th we
commenced setting up by the assistance of your mill-wright, and on the
1st day of March, 1871, we started up and run every working day since,
and without any expense at all for repairs or changes. Our pulleys being
balanced, there is no such thing as any of the bearings heating. Our
mills are run with 10 inch belts from upright shaft and pulleys. The
smutter does better work than the Eureka or Silver Creek.

Yours, with respect,

D. B. Fretz, } Millers and
W. B. Fretz, } Proprietors.

Three Pair of Burrs in a Combined Husk, with Belts.

MONROVIA, Morgan Co., Ind., Feb. 22, 1870.

_Gents_:--It has been eight months since you re-fitted our mill. We can
run all of the Burrs, (one 42-inch and one 36-inch for wheat, and
30-inch under-runner for corn,) twelve hours on one cord of seasoned
beech or sugar-tree wood. With 50 to 60 pounds of steam we grind on each
Burr eight to ten bushels per hour. Our customers are highly pleased
with their yields and the quality of their flour. In fact, our custom
has more than doubled since the introduction of your mills. On our own
account, we can say, in simplicity, durability and lightness of running
it exceeds our expectations, and, if necessary, at any time can
cheerfully recommend to others wishing mill machinery.

Yours, truly,

After Years of Steady use they Say.

MONROVIA, Morgan Co., Ind., May 8, 1872.
NORDYKE, MARMON & Co., Richmond, Ind.:--

It is now three years since we overhauled our mill and put in your
improved machinery; since which time it has been run almost daily as a
custom mill, and in quality and quantity of flour gives universal
satisfaction. In fact, the custom increased one-half since its
introduction. We find it very permanent and durable, as well as tasteful
in style and finish. We can grind at least 10 bushels per hour with each
run of burrs, and use from one to one and a fourth cord of wood in ten
hours’ grinding on all three stones. We would recommend all desirous of
purchasing mill machinery to procure yours, believing their money will
be well invested if they do.

Yours, truly,

MADISON, Indiana, May 6, 1872.

_Gents_:--Yours of the 3d inst came duly to hand, making inquiries how
we are pleased with our mills that we purchased of you over three years
since, (we expected to write you before this.) If you remember our Burrs
are sharp old quarry, not very open, and they make very lively flour,
and don’ get dull as soon as most others. Our stones are, two pair of
upper-runner 3 feet mills. We make a barrel of flour with 3 pecks of
coal; we do not know that we could say anything more, excepting that
they work fine, and together with the bolt you made for us, make flour
that we can find ready sale for in any market along with the best
brands. Your flour bolt deserves special mention; with the knockers or
“percussion apparatus,” as you term it, which we can stop or start at
any time while the mill is running, we are able to keep the bolt clean
and bolt through the fine cloth without specking or injuring the flour.
The arrangement of the bolt for clean bolting, we think is your best

Very truly, yours,
W. W. & B. F. PAGE.

The above is from Madison, Indiana, 60 miles below Cincinnati, on the
Ohio river.

ROCHESTER, Ind., Feb. 14th, 1872.

_Gentlemen_:--Our custom work runs from 60 to 250 bushels per day of
wheat, besides a large amount of corn. Although there are several mills
here, our flour has the preference, and sells more ready than any; the
self-tram irons are perfect. You shall hear from us again.

Yours, truly,
A. L. BOWMAN & Co.

This mill is composed of two run of our 42-inch and one run 30-inch in
combined husk, the two former being upper-runner, latter under-runner.
They use our 20 feet double reel bolt and other supplies for the
complete furnishing of a mill.

Two 30 Inch Pulley Mills.

CARMEL, Hamilton Co., Ind., Jan. 4, 1869.

_Gentlemen_:--The mills purchased of you last May, set up and started by
David Carey, have given entire satisfaction. Our mill consists of two
run of 30-inch upper-runner burrs, pulley mills--one for corn and one
for wheat--can grind from seven to ten bushels of wheat into the best
merchantable flour, and from ten to fifteen bushels of corn into fine
meal, per hour on each burr. Our bolt is sufficient to bolt the above
amount, and performs well. Our mills and machinery is driven by an
engine, 8 by 16-inch cylinder, and runs 170 revolutions to the minute.
We can run the entire machinery ten hours on three-fourths of a cord of
wood, have been running almost every day since we started up. Our custom
is still on the increase, extending over a great amount of country. We
run now every day, while other mills in town and immediate vicinity do
not run now to exceed two days in the week. Your mill and bolt
arrangement is the only thing suitable for custom, and does well for
merchant work. We would recommend persons who think of buying mills, to
give you a call--or if we purchase again we will do so. We will take
pleasure in showing any one our mill.

Yours, respectfully,

Lay by Your Old Notions.--36 inch and 30 inch Pulley Mills.

CUMBERLAND, Guernsey Co., O., Feb. 14, 1870.

_Sirs_:--We have used your mills since the 4th of last November. We
consider them durable as any mills can be. We can grind on our 36-inch
wheat mill from fifteen to twenty bushels per hour, owing to the grain,
and can make flour that will satisfy any community, both in regard to
quality and quantity. On our 30-inch corn mill, we can grind forty
bushels per hour, if the corn is dry. Our miller says he can make forty
barrels of XX family flour in ten hours. We have a twenty-five horse
power engine. Our boiler is twenty-two feet long, for two inches in
diameter, and two flues. It affords enough power, under seventy pounds
pressure, to drive both mills together with their attendant machinery,
which is one of your twenty-two foot Flour Bolts, No. 1 Richmond Smut
Machines, Buckwheat Bolts, Elevators, Shafting, &c. Three bushels of
coal per hour is all we require. To those wishing mills we would just
say they had better lay by their old notions and procure improved mills.

Yours, &c.,

Mill and Bolt Cannot be Beat.

HAMBURG, Fremont Co., Iowa, Jan. 11, 1869.

_Dear Sirs_:--I have had one of your 36-inch Pulley Mills and 18 feet
Bolt in operation nearly one year. I like it very much; my flour gives
general satisfaction; am averaging ten bushels of wheat per hour on the
one pair of burrs, making the best flour. In short, I think your Mill
and Bolt cannot be beat. It is driven by one of Leffel’ 20-inch Double
Turbine Wheels, under a total head and fall of 11 feet 9 inches.

Yours, respectfully,

Under date of January 25, 1870, Mr. Lamb orders another run of 36-inch
burrs, together with bolt, &c., complete.

What One of Our three feet and 26 Inch Under-Runner Mills will do.

HOUSTONIA, Pettis Co., Missouri, March 3, ’72.

_Gents_:--The balance of the things we ordered came to hand yesterday.
We have started the corn mill and the way it ground, we were all
surprised; 30 bushels per hour of fine meal is a side show for it. The
miller says he can grind 40 bushels per hour of corn into fine even
meal, every part of the works go off right; will be ready to start the
wheat mill last of this week. Our miller is an old experienced hand, and
is doing a good job in putting the wheat stones in flouring condition;
will write you soon again how we succeed in making flour; have strong
competition, and it must do 1st class work to prove a good investment.

Yours, respectfully,

Under date of March 11th, 1872, they say, after ordering another flour
bolt, “That you sent us a splendid pair of wheat burrs; they grind so
rapid that we find we need the other bolt to do the work. I think we
have the best mill in the State or any other State. The machinery works
well, beyond my expectation. On the one run of wheat stones we can make
with the new bolt 6 to 7 one hundred pound sacks of good flour per hour.
Ship as soon as you can with the numbers of cloth as describe in your
letter. We want to send some lots of fancy flour to St. Louis. Our
miller is an old St. Louis miller, and he says with this addition he can
compete with any mill in St. Louis or any other place.


The mill-wright who set up and started this mill, writes from same P.
O., dated March 17, ’72, “That I have to write you that this mill beats
any mill of its size that I ever saw. We started the wheat mill last
Saturday in the afternoon, and run it three-and-a-half hours, and ground
65 bushels of wheat, and could have ground more if we could have bolted
it. Everything runs like a top; they will send you a specimen of their
flour as soon as they get some sacks, then you can see what kind of
flour it makes; 30 bushels per hour for the corn mill is an easy thing,
and it does nice even work.

“Respectfully, yours,

WESTFIELD, Clark Co., Illinois, May 11, 1872.

_Gentlemen_:--It has now been ten months since we started our mill,
purchased of you, and you will, no doubt, be glad to hear that it more
than fills your representations of its good qualities. We make flour
that brings the highest price, and have competition of other mills at
almost our doors. The mills, bolt, and all in our opinion excels in
style and finish all other mills we have seen, and one of our firm has
owned and used for many years several of the leading kinds now
advertised and for sale. The temper and sharpness of the burrs are very
good. With our power it takes near one cord of wood to make 20 barrels
of flour. The quality and yield of the flour cannot be surpassed by any
mill, as we take it all out, leaving the offal clean. If we need any
thing more in your line, will let you know at once, because you have so
far fully met our wants.

Yours, truly,

Would not Exchange their Mill for anything Known.

NINEVEH, Johnson Co., Ind., Nov. 28, 1867.

_Gentlemen_:--You will please find enclosed four hundred and eleven
dollars, the amount of note and interest of the note we gave you, due on
the 30th inst., which note you will please send us marked paid. Our mill
is still doing a splendid business. We make the best flour in this
section of the country, and as much to the bushel. We weighed one man’
wheat--19 bushels, then weighed the flour, after taking one-eighth toll,
and made him 41 pounds to the bushel. The burrs and their gearing work
very nicely. To use a common expression, they cannot be beat; would not
exchange them for anything known. We can grind as much in a given time
as any of the large merchant mills; make better flour and as much to the
bushel. We can grind fifteen bushels per hour on either of the wheat
run, and forty bushels of corn on the corn run, with a 20-horse engine,
10 by 16 inch cylinder, and uses about one cord of good wood in ten
hours, for driving one wheat and the corn run. The meal is of even
quality, and well ground. The only fault found with our flour is, one
man says, his “wife set rising in the morning and had to bake bread
before dinner, when flour that she had used heretofore would wait till
after dinner.” This, however, is easily remedied.

Yours, with much respect,

NINEVEH, Johnson Co., Ind., Oct. 18, 1869.

_Gentlemen_:--We write you in regard to a bolt for rye and
buckwheat--wish it to attach to our corn mill. We think a small one will
answer, but want it to be of sufficient capacity for the mill, which
grinds pretty lively. We have now been running the mills bought of you,
since August 23, 1867, two 36-inch for wheat and one 26-inch for corn,
bolts, shafting, smutter, &c. We are so crowded with custom work that it
is impossible to grind it in six days a week--it may seem strange to
you, but it is so. If we had the bolt referred to, we can run all at
once, and possibly keep up. Gents, we have proven beyond a doubt to the
mill men of this section that your mills beat them all, and can now say
that we have effectually dried up all the old style mills in this
country, on custom work. We have some customers that come to us
twenty-five miles, and pass two other mills on the trip. You will please
give us your lowest figures for the bolt complete, with suitable cloth.
We have bought Mr. Barnett out.

Yours, truly,

One of the Best Smutters and Separators.

WEST ALEXANDRIA, O., Nov. 22, 1869.

I will write you a few lines and tell you something about that Smutter
we bought from you. I can truly recommend it to be one of the best
Smutters and Separators that I ever run. I have run a good many
Smutters, but never run a machine that pleased me as well as this. It
does just right in every way; it can’ be beat.

Yours, truly,

Mr. Klinger is using one of our No. 1 Richmond Smut and Separating
Machines; also, one of our twenty feet Portable Bolts, complete, and one
pair of 42-inch new stock burrs. It is an old mill remodeled.

N., M. & Co.

36 Inch Mill Makes Superior Flour.

DANVILLE, Hendricks Co., Ind., Jan. 1, 1869.

_Gentlemen_:--New Year’ day, and feeling grateful to you for the
complete mill machinery you furnished us, we send you our thanks in the
shape of an acknowledgment of the same, and hope that all mills you may
put up hereafter may prove as satisfactory as ours. Our mills are two
buildings--one for sawing and one for the flour mill. We have two run of
burrs, one for wheat, 36 inches, on which we can grind from eight to
twelve bushels per hour; also, one 30 inch corn, under-runner, and
grinds from twelve to fifteen bushels per hour; both are pulley mills,
with your late improvements. Our flour is of superior quality, and
therefore gives general satisfaction. Our engine is of ample power, and
with one cord of good wood per day of 10 hours, and 50 lbs. of steam,
runs the mills up to their full capacity. We have a tubular boiler, 14
feet long, with forty-six flues. Hoping this may find a welcome, we
subscribe ourselves,

Gratefully, yours,

42 Inch, 36 Inch and 26 Inch Burrs.

NORTH STARR MILLS, Warren, Huntington Co., Ind.,
January 6, 1869.

_Gentlemen_:--June 2d, 1868, our mills, bought of you, were shipped at
your depot, and your man assisted us in setting up, with two carpenters.
We started up on the 26th day of June, 1868, must say we had a very
successful start. Ours is a geared mill and consists of two French burrs
of the following dimensions: One 42-inch mill and one 36-inch mill,
former for wheat, latter for corn. Our bolt is 20 feet long, 33-inch
reel. All is easily run by 50 pounds of steam. 11 by 22-inch cylinder
engine. We use 1½ cords of wood in 12 hours for both run, to full
capacity. Average grinding capacity is 12 bushels per hour, with a yield
of from 40 to 42 pounds of merchantable flour that will bear inspection
in any market. Any one wishing to purchase mill-machinery can see a good
sample of your mills by paying our mill a visit.

Yours, truly,

Under date of December 1, 1869, Messrs. Smethurst & Bro. order a third
run of burrs.

N., M. & Co.

NORTH UNION, Ind., Sept. 23d, 1872.

_Gents_:--Supposing you would like to learn how our mill is doing, I pen
you a few lines. You doubtless thought strange of me not sending for
your mill-wright, but we employ a miller who professes to be a
mill-wright, miller and engineer, and in three weeks from the time he
commenced we were running. The mills, bolt, scales, and all perform
well; we grind ten bushels of wheat per hour while running the other
machinery with 30 lbs. of steam, and 10 lbs. more will drive the corn
burr too; we don’ pretend to raise steam above this. The miller put the
wheat burrs in flouring order in a short time and put it down and made
prime flour at the start; we have made 38½ lbs. of flour from 60 lbs.
of wheat after it was tolled one-eighth. So far the mill gives perfect
satisfaction. Your notice concerning note was received; I shall be
prepared to meet it when due.

Respectfully, Yours,

This mill is located in Montgomery County, near Crawfordsville, and
composed of two run of stones, one 42 inch old quarry for wheat, and one
30 inch under runner for corn, in combined husk, also one 18 feet double
reel bolt, smutter, &c. The power being a 10×20 cylinder engine, and two
flue boiler 42 inches in diameter and 20 feet long.

Three Feet Under-Runner Mill in LaFayette, Ind.

UNION MILLS, LaFayette, Ind., April 18, 1872.

_Gentlemen_:--Having had one of your corn mills in use about six months,
we take pleasure in saying that it gives good satisfaction in every
particular. We can make about 30 bushels of meal per hour on this mill.
The quality of the meal being superior to and more evenly ground than
any we have been able to make heretofore on other mills. The sharpness
and the temper of the burrs is certainly superior to any that we have
ever seen or used, and we cheerfully recommend your mills to any one
wishing to purchase a good article.

Very truly, yours,
ALFRED GAMBLE, head miller.

New Three Run Mill in Terre Haute.

JONES’ MILLS, Terre Haute, Ind., May 20, ’72.

_Gentlemen_:--I would answer to your letter of inquiry and say that your
oil bush, self-tramming driving irons are the things that have long been
wanted to do perfect milling. The burrs, spindles, bolting cloths,
shafting, gearing, and all the works you sent and made for me to
complete my mill of three run of stones can’ be surpassed, and I invite
all parties wishing to build to call and examine, knowing they will give
you the preference.

Yours, truly,

18 inch Plantation Mill in Illinois.

EBERLY, Effingham Co., Ill., March 26, ’72.

_Sirs_:--We received the mill and sent the balance by express due on it
as agreed. We have tried it in making meal, feed, &c., and I believe we
can grind faster and better of corn and feed than you said in your
circular and letter. You do not rate their capacity enough. I think you
could sell more if you did. I did not see or write to any of those you
referred me to, I never broached or questioned your integrity or
business; the question was simply on what terms you would sell me the
mill, as regards payments, as there are many who sell on partial
payments, this was all.

Yours, truly,

Custom 17 Miles, and Pass Four Other Mills.

MONITOR MILLS, Monitor, Tippecanoe Co., Ind.,
May 12, 1872.


_Gents_:--We have concluded to write how our mills work, supposing you
would be glad to hear of the success of your work. A great many
practical men have been here since we started up, and they all say with
us that it beats anything they ever saw. One mill near us has entirely
stopped for the want of business since we have got established. It is of
the old style heavy gear and large stones. Our custom trade averages
over 1,000 bushels per month, and we buy wheat to keep up our demand for
flour; we warrant every pound of flour, and so far not one complaint;
our works, all complete, that we bought of you, give the very best
satisfaction; our wheat is smutty here, but your cleaning machinery
meets the case exactly, and our flour is clear as the most particular
inspector could ask. It is no uncommon occurrence to get custom grinding
from a certain district 17 miles from here where they have to come by
four other mills. No more at present.


In a letter dated December 19, 1871, they say: Our custom has increased
to from 90 to 145 bushels per day; doing this and our own grinding on
the one run of 3 feet stones, keeps it going steady twenty hours out of
the twenty-four. We have heard of you starting a new mill at Colburn,
some 12 miles from us, and that it was not doing well; if this is the
case it is in the bad management of it, as your mills, run with any
degree of care, will grind as satisfactorily as any mills can. We have
not had any expenses in repairing since we started, now about one year;
do not try to fill orders for flour in LaFayette, nor could we if we

R., F. & BRO.

Under date of February 22d, they write:--The note came to hand in due
time, and properly cancelled. The custom grinding will reach about 4,000
bushels this month; how will that do? Mr. G. L. Kemp of Frankfort was
here, he says their mill is doing well and giving satisfaction. Would
like to see your establishment again; will call on you some time before
long if nothing prevents.


Self-Tramming Mill Irons.

FOUNTAIN MILLS, Logansport, Ind., March 28, 1872.

MESSRS. NORDYKE, MARMON & Co.--_Gents_:--In regard to your burrs and all
other work I purchased of you, I will say it is the best I ever saw or
used. The stones were in both standing and running balance; that is the
first run I ever started that was so to perfection. I haven’ much to
say, except when I want mill works, you are sure to get my orders. You
have so far satisfied me in quality and prices. I will say I never dealt
with fairer dealing men than you, gentlemen.

Yours, truly,

Under date of April 18th, 1872, Mr. Myers writes again.

FOUNTAIN MILLS, 3 miles S. E. from Logansport.

_Sirs_:--I thank you a thousand times for making me acquainted with the
self-tramming driving irons; they are the best improvement on mill burrs
I ever saw. The spindle is always in perfect tram with the face of the
runner, and it is no trouble at all to test and keep it in running
balance. The stone keeps in better face and I do not have to dress my
burrs half as much. It is just what we have been needing. I can make a
bigger yield and clearer flour and grind more per horse power. It is
astonishing how smooth the stone runs and evenly it grinds. In the
States of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, by actual count, I have run
and managed twenty-seven run of stones, and I have not stated to you
anything but what I can show here to any one. I sent you Mr. Ringer, or
he probably would not have found you out, I believe he ordered a pair of
42-inch stones with the self-tram irons. It gives me pleasure to
recommend a good job.

Yours, as ever,

Three 30 Inch Pulley Mills.

WHITESTOWN, Ind., Jan. 11, 1869.

NORDYKE, MARMON & Co.--_Gentlemen_:--The mills we purchased of you are
two run, of 30-inch upper-runner pulley mills, iron back and balance,
for wheat--and one under-runner 30-inch mill for grinding corn, rye,
buckwheat, &c. Our power is a 20 foot boiler, 42 inches diameter, and
engine 8 inch cylinder and 20 inch stroke, speed 150 revolutions per
minute; speed of mills 300 revolutions. The average grinding is 7
bushels of wheat per hour to each wheat run--and of good wheat we make
our customers 40 pounds of flour to the bushel after tolling--the
quality, our customers say, is the best in the market. We run the three
mills, two smut machines, of your make, screen and three reels with 65
pounds of steam, and use from 1½ to 2 cords of wood per day.

Respectfully, yours,

Under date of September 6, 1869, in a letter from the same mill, they
say, “Our mills are doing well, making 40 pounds of good merchantable
flour to the bushel, after tolling one-eighth.”

N., M. & Co.

       *       *       *       *       *

We forbear to extend the publication of the large amount of similar
testimony in our possession, as these statements from many points of the
country widely distant from each other, indicate the various conditions
under which our mills are placed and operated. We hope they will be
found useful and instructive.

N., M. & Co.



  C. Carter & Sons, Eaton, Delaware co., Ind.
  Henry Kreisher, Frankfort, Clinton co., Ind.
  G. L. Kempf, Frankfort, Ind.
  Peterson & White, Fulton, Fulton co., Ind.
  Bentley & Paden, Kennesaw, Georgia.
  Redinbo, Fretz & Bro., Monitor, Tippecanoe co., Ind.
  J. C. Foster & Co., Ackley, Iowa.
  I. B. Thomas & Son, Iowa Falls, Iowa.
  Jerry A. Wilson, Shenandoah, Page co., Iowa.
  Barnard St. Johns & Co., Cresco, Howard co., Iowa.
  Jacob Myers, Logansport, Ind.
  Hudnut & Co., Terre Haute, Ind.
  A. M. Morse, Villisca, Montgomery co., Iowa.
  James Thompson, LaFayette, Ind.
  J. D. Urmey, Harrodsburg, Monroe co., Ind.
  Dickey & Bennet, Pleasant Ridge, Green co., Indiana.
  Sylvanus Nordyke, Verona, Lawrence co., Mo.
  D. Kinsey & Sons, Gratis P. O., Preble co., O.
  Jones & Graves, Ninevah, Johnson co., Ind.
  John Morton, Corsicana, Barry co., Mo.
  M. S. Power, Butler, Bates co., Mo.
  Foster, Kirby & Co., Uniontown, Bourbon co., Kansas.
  Parmiter & Davis, Wilmington, Wabawnsee co., Kansas.
  Kinser & Whisenand, Guthrie, Lawrence co., Indiana.
  Bolton & Wood, Westfield, Clark co., Ills.
  Wm. B. Morgan, Lowell, Cherokee co., Kas.
  N. Bland & Co., Sharpsville, Ind.
  J. & J. L. Cox & Co., Warren, Jo Daviess co., Illinois.
  Robert Cox, Cox’ Mills, Wayne co., Ind.
  Wm. Sharp, Liberty, Union co., Ind.
  A. McFeely, Xenia, Miami co., Ind.
  Cuberly & Erwin, Antioch, Huntington co., Ind.
  D. Smith & Co., Sherwood P.O., Jasper co., Mo.
  Peter Hoyla, Greenfield, Dade co., Mo.
  A. Pierstorf, Spring Hill, Gallatin co., Montana Territory.
  Hayas Bros., Sullivan, Ind.
  Robinson & Branham, Paragon, Morgan co., Ind.
  G. G. Holloway, Bozeman City, Montana Ty.
  T. E. Paddock, Liberty, Ind.
  H. A. Pollard & Co., Augusta Station, Marion co., Indiana.
  Geo. W. Woodham, Speier, Blue Earth co., Minnesota.
  Knowles & Son, Seneca, Nemeha co., Kansas.
  John T. Adair, Ellwood, Madison co., Ind.
  J. A. McCluskey, Hastings, Minn.
  J. W. Watts, Sandford, Vigo co., Ind.
  Henry Clark, Hamilton, Mo.
  Neal & Cushman, Terre Haute, Ind.
  A. L. Bowman & Co., Rochester, Ind.
  C. B. Jones, Terre Haute, Ind.
  Morgan & Latta, Canola, Howard co., Kas.
  J. L. Williams, Houstonia, Pettis co., Mo.
  Rout & Chubb, Decatur, Adams co., Ind.
  Porter & Jennings, Rossville, Clinton co., Ind.
  Alfred Gamble, LaFayette, Ind.
  Buck & Wattawa, Fort Atkinson, Iowa.
  George Kints, Terre Haute, Ind.
  W. L. Foster, Terre Haute, Ind.
  Daggett, Martin & Co., LaFayette, Ind.
  S. S. Wiles, Houstonia, Pettis co., Mo.
  Albright & Cody, Tecumseh, Johnson co., Neb.
  Charles Bradbury, Arcola, Ills.
  Ives Marks, Rose Creek, Jefferson co., Neb.
  A. Weimer, Lewisburg, Preble co., Ohio.
  Herman Shultz, Barnesville, Belmont co., O.
  T. B. Jones, Diamond Bluff, Pierce co., Wis.
  Cal. E. Calyer, Humbolt, Allen co., Kas.
  Thos. M. Young, Koniska, McLeod co., Minn.
  McClure & Trim, Cassville, Barry co., Mo.
  Uriah Thomas, Homer, Rush co., Ind.
  W. W. Stiles, Cooperstown, Brown co., Ills.
  Henry Lucas & Son, Whitestown, Boone co., Indiana.
  Wm. M. Smith, Twin Falls, Greenwood co., Kansas.
  Pratt & Baldwin, Greenfield, Ind.
  D. P. Church, Centre Creek, Jasper co., Mo.
  Joseph Boots, Greenfield, Hancock co., Ind.
  James Thomson, Lafayette, Ind.
  D. Fargo, Farmington, Ills.
  Washington Black, Indianapolis, Ind.
  E. C. Pyle, Knob Noster, Johnson co., Mo.
  Strickland & Bush, Newcastle, Ind.
  Truelove Brown, Mountain Spring, Martin co., Indiana.
  Worley Lease & Son, Kokomo, Ind.
  Wm. Craig, Mountain Spring, Martin co., Ind.
  Shirk, Johnson & Fisher, NewCastle, Ind.
  John Ingram & Co., Centralia, Nemaha co., Kansas.
  Owens, Lane & Dyer Machine Co., Hamilton, Ohio.
  Shipman & Doolittle, Cottonwood Falls, Kas.
  Alonzo M. Cole, Burlingame, Osage co., Kas.
  Griffith & Wedge, Zanesville, O.
  J. T. Obenchain, Logansport, Ind.
  Owens, Lane & Dyer Machine Co., St. Louis.
  Clark & Smith, Centreville, Ind.
  Clement & Fish, Westfield, Clark co., Ills.
  Clifford & Son, Augusta, Butler co., Kas.
  Samuel Keister, Harrisville, Randolph co., Ind.
  C. Baker & Sons, Bower’ Mills, Lawrence co., Missouri.
  Winger Bros., Martell, Pierce co., Wis.
  D. R. Bailey, Baldwin, St. Croix co., Wis.
  Donald Stevenson, Osakis, Douglas co., Minn.
  Allen & Bro., Crawfordsville, Ind.
  Foster & Kanable, Greencamp, P. O., Ohio.
  Higbee, Jessup & Co., Boxley, Ind.
  Mount & Co., Milroy, Ind.
  Jones & Pudney, Nineveh P. O., Ind.
  Carey & Roberts, Carmel, Ind.
  A. Clemmer, Johnsville, Ohio.
  Stipp & Strain, Harrodsburg, Ind.
  Joseph Haskett, Oakford P. O., Ind.
  Jenkins & Valentine, Sidney, Iowa.
  J. W. Drake & Co., Boxley, Ind.
  Wm. Elliott, Richmond, Ind.
  David Walker, Coatsville, Ind.
  Sinker & Davis, Indianapolis, Ind.
  A. D. Osborn, Whitestown, Ind.
  Charles Glazier, Indianapolis, Ind.
  Joel Jessup, Friendswood, Ind.
  Moses Conrad, Homer, Rush co., Ind.
  Crawford & Sparks, Morgantown, Ind.
  O. Tyson & Bro., Otho, Iowa.
  Harris & Reynolds, Catlin, Ind.
  Skeen & Homewood, Brownsville, Neb.
  M. L. Strickland, New Marion, Ind.
  Johnson & Henry, Vandalia, Ills.
  Z. W. Wood, Goodland, Ind.
  Samuel Smith, New Paris, Ohio.
  Swain & Nieble, Shelbyville, Ind.
  L. W. George, New Maysville, Putnam co., Ind.
  O. S. Culbertson, Greenville, Ohio.
  Finley Smock, Arcadia, Ind.
  Payne & Harlan, Marshall, Ills.
  Milhollin, Littler & Co., Wheeling, Ind.
  Benjamin Austin, Hamilton, Mo.
  Hadley & Taylor, Monrovia, Ind.
  Henry Thornburg, Perry, Iowa.
  Hollingsworth & Williams, Guthrie Centre, Iowa
  H. P. Josselyn & Co., Monroe City, Mo.
  G. D. Wall, Noblesville, Ind.
  Forry, Post & Co., Sturgis, Mich.
  Andrew J. Cauble, Harristown, Ind.
  W. L. Mansfield, Marietta, Ga.
  W. W. & B. F. Page, Madison, Ind.
  J. M. Stone, Cumberland, Ohio.
  J. B. Imrie & Co., Coesse, Ind.
  R. T. West, Kidder, Mo.
  J. H. & B. O. Butterfield, Centreton, Ind.
  A. Halderman, West Alexandria, Ohio.
  Bowles, Pearson & Co., Dexter, Iowa.
  Gov. Burbank, Dacotah Ter.
  Charles Fribley, Ætna Green, Ind.
  Dee & Bro., Mulberry Grove, Ills.
  A. Howell & Bro., Cumberland, Ohio.
  Alpheus Harlan, Stilesville, Ind.
  Abraham Erwin, Whitestown, Ind.
  John Griffith, Casey, Iowa.
  P. W. McAdow & Bro., Bozeman City, Montana Territory.
  Songer Bros., Kinmundy, Ills.
  Ewalt, Lycan & Quick, Marshall, Clark co., Ills.
  Wm. Askins, Elida, Allen co., Ohio.
  Jacob J. Ringer, Curveton, Cass co., Ind.
  Davis J. Harrison, Zionsville, Boone co., Ind.
  John S. Webb, Southport, Marion co., Ind.
  David Wiemer, West Milton, Miami co., Ind.
  John Townsend, Frankton, Madison co., Ind.
  Aleck Mann, LaFayette, Ind.
  George T. Polson, Randolph, Riley co., Kas.
  Robins & Weinland, Economy, Wayne co., Ind.
  Jas. H. Armantrout, North Union, Montgomery co., Ind.
  Winkler Bros., Randolph, Riley co., Kas.
  Calvin Newlin, Gilman, Iroquois co., Ills.
  Parker & Hines, Rockmart, Polk co., Ga.
  Jas. H. Gillespie & Son, Greenfield, Dade co., Missouri.
  B. B. Snow, Limberlost, Adams co., Ind.
  Brown, Smyth & Co., Harmony, Clay co., Ind.
  McClure & Bryant, Stilesville, Hendricks co., Indiana.
  T. W. Hollingsworth, Marysville, Johnson co., Texas.
  Chas. P. Stough, Owensburgh, Green co., Ind.
  Miles & Diver, West Mill Grove, Wood co., O.
  R. & F. S. Newcomb, Hagerstown, Wayne co., Indiana.
  Miller & Waybright, Twin Falls, Greenwood co., Kansas.
  Wm. M. Champion, Mattoon, Coles co., Ills.
  S. D. Schalk, Anderson, Ind.
  Alvin Black, Albion, Noble co., Ind.
  Bumgarner & Alford, Walton, Cass co., Ind.
  A. B. Sosbe, Jefferson, Clinton co., Ind.
  John Burnside, Greencastle, Ind.
  John Sigman, Hamilton, Mo.
  H. Lamb, Riverton, Fremont co., Iowa.
  David Carey, Westfield, Ind.
  James Leffel & Co., Springfield, Ohio.
  Walker & Sons, Patoka, Ills.
  Stringfield & Stumbo, Falls City, Neb.
  T. T. Walker, Vernon, Ind.
  Howard & Son, Bainbridge, Ind.
  Chambers & Pierson, Danville, Ind.
  J. & E. C. Dawson, Salem, Neb.
  Elias Kirtland, Rochester, Ind.
  Henry Horn, Arba, Randolph co., Ind.
  Smethurst & Bro., Warren, Ind.
  A. Boden & Co., Olney, Ills.
  Jones & VanTrump, Norborne, Mo.
  A. Vencill & Co., Brookston, Ind.
  Williams, More & Dove, Summit P. O., Ind.
  James N. Brooks, LaPorte, Ind.
  J. H. Moss, Woburn, Ills.
  E. T. Inman & Bro., Westfield, Ind.
  Isaac Towel, Harveysburg, Ind.
  F. E. D. Harris, Hurricane Creek, Ills.
  Showers, Mickle & Co., Decatur, Ind.
  Wm. Leeka, Plum Hollow, Iowa.
  Jackson & Fansler, Coatsville, Ind.
  Haynes & Co., Salem, Ills.
  Jesse Cary, Blountsville, Ind.
  James B. Fouch, Greenfield, Ind.
  J. Locke & Sons, New Jefferson, Iowa.
  E. & A. West, Santa Fe, Ind.
  A. J. & W. W. Anderson, Akron, Ind.
  L. Wilcoxen, Muncie, Ind.
  Stewart & Son, College Corner, Ohio.
  B. & A. G. Dunn, Foster, Ills.
  Curtis & Clark, Cleveland, Ind.
  Zuck, Street & Co., Kewanne, Fulton co., Ind.
  John T. Resener & Co., Indianapolis, Ind.
  W. B. Porter & Co., Xenia, Ills.
  J. L. Peck, Allen, Ind.
  P. M. Walters, Charon, Ohio.
  D. Bush & Co., Richmond, Ind.
  Wood & Co., Greenfield, Ind.
  Miller & Bro., Montpelier, Ind.
  L. M. Larsh, Richmond, Ind.
  P. Allen, Chariton, Iowa.
  I. P. Evans & Co., Indianapolis, Ind.
  Clement & Fish, Ashmore, Ills.
  Walter G. Crabb, Clinton, Ind.
  M. Klinger, West Alexandria, Ohio.
  O. H. Drinkwater & Co., Cedar Point, Chase, Kansas.
  George Graham & Co., Hamilton, Mo.
  John Caylor, Arcadia, Ind.
  Conner & Richmond, Palestine, Ind.
  G. V. Swearingen, Sidney, Iowa.
  George Dunning, Newark, Mo.
  Heckman & Sheesley, Indianapolis, Ind.
  Knowlton & Dykeman, Logansport, Ind.
  Moore, Nixon & Myers, Milton, Wayne co., Ind.
  Nathan Davis, Salt Lake City, Utah Ter.
  Moore & Fenton, Webster City, Hamilton co., Iowa.
  Jas. D. Wallace, Waco, Texas.
  Gentry & Chancy, Hampton, Hamilton co., Texas.
  Warden & Cooper, Valley Junction, Hamilton co., Ohio.
  Barker, Richardson & Co., Zionsville, Ind.
  E. H. Alden, Alexandria, Douglass co., Minn.
  Moore & Fuller, Marion Centre, Marion co., Kansas.
  Garnsey & Holcomb, Piqua, Ohio.
  G. W. Patterson, Sarcoxie, Jasper co., Mo.



Showing the _Number of feet any Log_ from 10 to 24 feet long, and from 12 to
50 inches diameter (measured at the small end) will produce when sawed
into _square-edged inch Boards_.

  Length.   |                    DIAMETER.
  Feet.     |   12 |   13 |   14 |   15 |   16 |   17 |   18 |   19 |   20
  Length of Log.
         10 |   49 |   61 |   72 |   89 |   99 |  116 |  133 |  150 |  175
         12 |   59 |   73 |   86 |  107 |  119 |  139 |  160 |  180 |  210
         14 |   69 |   85 |  100 |  125 |  139 |  162 |  187 |  210 |  245
         16 |   79 |   97 |  114 |  142 |  159 |  185 |  213 |  240 |  280
         18 |   88 |  109 |  129 |  160 |  178 |  208 |  240 |  270 |  315
         20 |   98 |  122 |  143 |  178 |  198 |  232 |  267 |  300 |  350
         22 |  108 |  134 |  157 |  196 |  218 |  255 |  293 |  330 |  358
         24 |  118 |  146 |  172 |  214 |  238 |  278 |  320 |  360 |  420
  Length.   |   21 |   22 |   23 |   24 |   25 |   26 |   27 |   28 |   29
  Length of Log.
         10 |  190 |  209 |  235 |  252 |  287 |  313 |  342 |  363 |  381
         12 |  228 |  251 |  283 |  303 |  344 |  375 |  411 |  436 |  457
         14 |  266 |  292 |  330 |  353 |  401 |  439 |  479 |  509 |  533
         16 |  304 |  334 |  377 |  404 |  459 |  500 |  548 |  582 |  609
         18 |  342 |  376 |  424 |  454 |  516 |  562 |  616 |  654 |  685
         20 |  380 |  418 |  470 |  505 |  573 |  625 |  684 |  728 |  761
         22 |  418 |  460 |  518 |  555 |  631 |  688 |  753 |  800 |  838
         24 |  456 |  501 |  566 |  606 |  688 |  750 |  821 |  873 |  914
  Length.   |   30 |   31 |   32 |   33 |   34 |   35 |   36 |   37 |   38
  Length of Log.
         10 |  411 |  444 |  460 |  490 |  500 |  547 |  577 |  644 |  669
         12 |  493 |  532 |  552 |  588 |  600 |  657 |  692 |  772 |  801
         14 |  575 |  622 |  644 |  686 |  700 |  766 |  807 |  901 |  934
         16 |  657 |  710 |  736 |  784 |  800 |  876 |  923 | 1029 | 1068
         18 |  739 |  799 |  828 |  882 |  900 |  985 | 1038 | 1158 | 1201
         20 |  821 |  888 |  920 |  980 | 1000 | 1095 | 1152 | 1287 | 1335
         22 |  904 |  976 | 1012 | 1078 | 1100 | 1204 | 1268 | 1415 | 1468
         24 |  986 | 1065 | 1104 | 1176 | 1200 | 1314 | 1380 | 1544 | 1602
  Length.   |   39 |   40 |   41 |   42 |   43 |   44 |   46 |   48 |   50
  Length of Log.
         10 |  700 |  752 |  795 |  840 |  872 |  925 | 1038 | 1112 | 1262
         12 |  840 |  903 |  954 | 1007 | 1046 | 1110 | 1249 | 1338 | 1512
         14 |  980 | 1053 | 1113 | 1175 | 1222 | 1295 | 1462 | 1564 | 1767
         16 | 1120 | 1204 | 1272 | 1343 | 1396 | 1480 | 1669 | 1790 | 1983
         18 | 1260 | 1354 | 1431 | 1511 | 1571 | 1665 | 1878 | 2012 | 2275
         20 | 1400 | 1505 | 1590 | 1679 | 1745 | 1850 | 2084 | 2338 | 2525

=Land Measure.=--A piece of ground 208⅝ feet square, makes 1 acre. A
piece of ground 1 mile square makes a Section, 640 acres. A piece ½
mile square makes a Quarter Section, 160 acres. In Long Measure, 1760
yards or 5280 feet, make 1 mile.

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