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Title: Demos
Author: Gissing, George
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Demos" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.


By George Gissing

     [Editor’s Note: There are two chapters in this book with the
     same number: XXVI.; on looking up other print copies, I find
     the same numbering error also present.]


Stanbury Hill, remote but two hours’ walk from a region blasted with
mine and factory and furnace, shelters with its western slope a fair
green valley, a land of meadows and orchard, untouched by poisonous
breath. At its foot lies the village of Wanley. The opposite side of the
hollow is clad with native wood, skirting for more than a mile the bank
of a shallow stream, a tributary of the Severn. Wanley consists in the
main of one long street; the houses are stone-built, with mullioned
windows, here and there showing a picturesque gable or a quaint old
chimney. The oldest buildings are four cottages which stand at the end
of the street; once upon a time they formed the country residence of the
abbots of Belwick. The abbey of that name still claims for its ruined
self a portion of earth’s surface; but, as it had the misfortune to be
erected above the thickest coal-seam in England, its walls are blackened
with the fume of collieries and shaken by the strain of mighty engines.
Climb Stanbury Hill at nightfall, and, looking eastward, you behold far
off a dusky ruddiness in the sky, like the last of an angry sunset; with
a glass you can catch glimpses of little tongues of flame, leaping and
quivering on the horizon. That is Belwick. The good abbots, who were
wont to come out in the summer time to Wanley, would be at a loss to
recognise their consecrated home in those sooty relics. Belwick, with
its hundred and fifty fire-vomiting blast-furnaces, would to their eyes
more nearly resemble a certain igneous realm of which they thought much
in their sojourn upon earth, and which, we may assure ourselves, they
dream not of in the quietness of their last long sleep.

A large house, which stands aloof from the village and a little above
it, is Wanley Manor. The county history tells us that Wanley was given
in the fifteenth century to that same religious foundation, and that at
the dissolution of monasteries the Manor passed into the hands of Queen
Catherine. The house is half-timbered; from the height above it looks
old and peaceful amid its immemorial trees. Towards the end of the
eighteenth century it became the home of a family named Eldon, the
estate including the greater part of the valley below. But an Eldon who
came into possession when William IV. was King brought the fortunes
of his house to a low ebb, and his son, seeking to improve matters by
abandoning his prejudices and entering upon commercial speculation, in
the end left a widow and two boys with little more to live upon than the
income which arose from Mrs. Eldon’s settlements. The Manor was shortly
after this purchased by a Mr. Mutimer, a Belwick ironmaster; but Mrs.
Eldon and her boys still inhabited the house, in consequence of certain
events which will shortly be narrated. Wanley would have mourned their
departure; they were the aristocracy of the neighbourhood, and to have
them ousted by a name which no one knew, a name connected only with
blast-furnaces, would have made a distinct fall in the tone of Wanley
society. Fortunately no changes were made in the structure by its new
owner. Not far from it you see the church and the vicarage, these also
unmolested in their quiet age. Wanley, it is to be feared, lags far
behind the times--painfully so, when one knows for a certainty that
the valley upon which it looks conceals treasures of coal, of
ironstone--blackband, to be technical--and of fireclay. Some ten years
ago it seemed as if better things were in store; there was a chance
that the vale might for ever cast off its foolish greenery, and begin
vomiting smoke and flames in humble imitation of its metropolis beyond
the hills. There are men in Belwick who have an angry feeling whenever
Wanley is mentioned to them.

After the inhabitants of the Manor, the most respected of those who
dwelt in Wanley were the Walthams. At the time of which I speak, this
family consisted of a middle-aged lady; her son, of one-and-twenty; and
her daughter, just eighteen. They had resided here for little more than
two years, but a gentility which marked their speech and demeanour, and
the fact that they were well acquainted with the Eldons, from the first
caused them to be looked up to. It was conjectured, and soon confirmed
by Mrs. Waltham’s own admissions, that they had known a larger way of
living than that to which they adapted themselves in the little house on
the side of Stanbury Hill, whence they looked over the village street.
Mr. Waltham had, in fact, been a junior partner in a Belwick firm,
which came to grief. He saved enough out of the wreck to: make a modest
competency for his family, and would doubtless in time have retrieved
his fortune, but death was beforehand with him. His wife, in the second
year of her widowhood, came with her daughter Adela to Wanley; her
son Alfred had gone to commercial work in Belwick. Mrs. Waltham was a
prudent woman, and tenacious of ideas which recommended themselves to
her practical instincts; such an idea had much to do with her settlement
in the remote village, which she would not have chosen for her abode out
of love of its old-world quietness. But at the Manor was Hubert Eldon.
Hubert was four years older than Adela. He had no fortune of his own,
but it was tolerably certain that some day he would be enormously rich,
and there was small likelihood that he would marry till that expected
change in his position came about.

On the afternoon of a certain Good Friday, Mrs. Waltham sat at her open
window, enjoying the air and busy with many thoughts, among other things
wondering who was likely to drop in for a cup of tea. It was a late
Easter, and warm spring weather had already clothed the valley with
greenness; to-day the sun was almost hot, and the west wind brought
many a sweet odour from gardens near and far. From her sitting-room Mrs.
Waltham had the best view to be obtained from any house in Wanley; she
looked, as I have said, right over the village street, and on either
hand the valley spread before her a charming prospect. Opposite was the
wooded slope, freshening now with exquisite shades of new-born
leafage; looking north, she saw fruit-gardens, making tender harmonies;
southwards spread verdure and tillage. Yet something there was which
disturbed the otherwise perfect unity of the scene, an unaccustomed
trouble to the eye. In the very midst of the vale, perhaps a quarter
of a mile to the south of the village, one saw what looked like the
beginning of some engineering enterprise--a great throwing-up of earth,
and the commencement of a roadway on which metal rails were laid. What
was being done? The work seemed too extensive for a mere scheme of
drainage. Whatever the undertaking might be, it was now at a standstill,
seeing that old Mr. Mutimer, the owner of the land, had been in his
grave just three days, and no one as yet could say whether his heir
would or would not pursue this novel project. Mrs. Waltham herself felt
that the view was spoilt, though her appreciation of nature was not of
the keenest, and she would never have thought of objecting to a scheme
which would produce money at the cost of the merely beautiful.

‘I scarcely think Hubert will continue it,’ she was musing to
herself. ‘He has enough without that, and his tastes don’t lie in that

She had on her lap a local paper, at which she glanced every now and
then; but her state of mind was evidently restless. The road on either
side of which stood the houses of the village led on to the Manor, and
in that direction Mrs. Waltham gazed frequently. The church clock chimed
half-past four, and shortly after a rosy-cheeked young girl came at
a quick step up the gravelled pathway which made the approach to the
Walthams’ cottage. She saw Mrs. Waltham at the window, and, when she was
near, spoke.

‘Is Adela at home?’

‘No, Letty; she’s gone for a walk with her brother.’

‘I’m so sorry!’ said the girl, whose voice was as sweet as her face was
pretty. ‘We wanted her to come for croquet. Yet I was half afraid to
come and ask her whilst Mr. Alfred was at home.’

She laughed, and at the same time blushed a little.

‘Why should you be afraid of Alfred?’ asked Mrs. Waltham graciously.

‘Oh, I don’t know.’

She turned it off and spoke quickly of another subject.

‘How did you like Mr. Wyvern this morning?’

It was a new vicar, who had been in Wanley but a couple of days, and had
this morning officiated for the first time at the church.

‘What a voice he has!’ was the lady’s reply.

‘Hasn’t he? And such a hairy man! They say he’s very learned; but his
sermon was very simple--didn’t you think so?’

‘Yes, I liked it. Only he pronounces certain words strangely.’

‘Oh, has Mr. Eldon come yet?’ was the young lady’s next question.

‘He hadn’t arrived this morning. Isn’t it extraordinary? He must be out
of England.’

‘But surely Mrs. Eldon knows his address, and he can’t be so very far

As she spoke she looked down the pathway by which she had come, and of a
sudden her face exhibited alarm.

‘Oh, Mrs. Waltham!’ she whispered hurriedly. ‘If Mr. Wyvern isn’t coming
to see you! I’m afraid to meet him. Do let me pop in and hide till I can
get away without being seen.’

The front door stood ajar, and the girl at once ran into the house. Mrs.
Waltham came into the passage laughing.

‘May I go to the top of the stairs?’ asked the other nervously. ‘You
know how absurdly shy I am. No, I’ll run out into the garden behind;
then I can steal round as soon as he comes in.’

She escaped, and in a minute or two the new vicar presented himself at
the door. A little maid might well have some apprehension in facing him,
for Mr. Wyvern was of vast proportions and leonine in aspect. With the
exception of one ungloved hand and the scant proportions of his face
which were not hidden by hair, he was wholly black in hue; an enormous
beard, the colour of jet, concealed the linen about his throat, and a
veritable mane, dark as night, fell upon his shoulders. His features
were not ill-matched with this sable garniture; their expression was
a fixed severity; his eye regarded you with stern scrutiny, and passed
from the examination to a melancholy reflectiveness. Yet his appearance
was suggestive of anything but ill-nature; contradictory though it may
seem, the face was a pleasant one, inviting to confidence, to respect;
if he could only have smiled, the tender humanity which lurked in the
lines of his countenance would have become evident. His age was probably
a little short of fifty.

A servant replied to his knock, and, after falling back in a momentary
alarm, introduced him to the sitting-room. He took Mrs. Waltham’s hand
silently, fixed upon her the full orbs of his dark eyes, and then,
whilst still retaining her fingers, looked thoughtfully about the room.
It was a pleasant little parlour, with many an evidence of refinement
in those who occupied it. Mr. Wyvern showed something like a look of
satisfaction. He seated himself, and the chair creaked ominously beneath
him. Then he again scrutinised Mrs. Waltham.

She was a lady of fair complexion, with a double chin. Her dress
suggested elegant tastes, and her hand was as smooth and delicate as
a lady’s should be. A long gold chain descended from her neck to the
watch-pocket at her waist, and her fingers exhibited several rings. She
bore the reverend gentleman’s scrutiny with modest grace, almost as if
it flattered her. And indeed there was nothing whatever of ill-breeding
in Mr. Wyvern’s mode of instituting acquaintance with his parishioner;
one felt that he was a man of pronounced originality, and that he might
be trusted in his variance from the wonted modes.

The view from the windows gave him a subject for his first remarks. Mrs.
Waltham had been in some fear of a question which would go to the roots
of her soul’s history; it would have been in keeping with his visage.
But, with native acuteness, she soon discovered that Mr. Wyvern’s gaze
had very little to do with the immediate subject of his thought, or,
what was much the same thing, that he seldom gave the whole of his
attention to the matter outwardly calling for it. He was a man of
profound mental absences; he could make replies, even put queries, and
all the while be brooding intensely upon a wholly different subject.
Mrs. Waltham did not altogether relish it; she was in the habit of
being heard with deference; but, to be sure, a clergyman only talked
of worldly things by way of concession. It certainly seemed so in this
clergyman’s case.

‘Your prospect,’ Mr. Wyvern remarked presently, ‘will not be improved by
the works below.’

His voice was very deep, and all his words were weighed in the
utterance. This deliberation at times led to peculiarities of emphasis
in single words. Probably he was a man of philological crotchets; he
said, for instance, ‘pro-spect.’

‘I scarcely think Mr. Eldon will go on with the mining,’ replied Mrs.

‘Ah! you think not?’

‘I am quite sure he said that unconsciously,’ the lady remarked to
herself. ‘He’s thinking of some quite different affair.’

‘Mr. Eldon,’ the clergyman resumed, fixing upon her an absent eye, ‘is
Mr. Mutimer’s son-in-law, I understand?’

‘His brother, Mr. Godfrey Eldon, was.’ Mrs. Waltham corrected.

‘Ah! the one that died?’

He said it questioningly; then added--

‘I have a difficulty in mastering details of this kind. You would do me
a great kindness in explaining to me briefly of whom the family at the
Manor at present consists?’

Mrs. Waltham was delighted to talk on such a subject.

‘Only of Mrs. Eldon and her son, Mr. Hubert Eldon. The elder son,
Godfrey, was lost in a shipwreck, on a voyage to New Zealand.’

‘He was a sailor?’

‘Oh, no!’ said the lady, with a smile. ‘He was in business at Belwick.
It was shortly after his marriage with Miss Mutimer that he took the
voyage--partly for his health, partly to examine some property his
father had had an interest in. Old Mr. Eldon engaged in speculations--I
believe it was flax-growing. The results, unfortunately, were
anything but satisfactory. It was that which led to his son entering
business--quite a new thing in their family. Wasn’t it very sad? Poor
Godfrey and his young wife both drowned! The marriage was, as you may
imagine, not altogether a welcome one to Mrs. Eldon; Mr. Mutimer was
quite a self-made man, quite. I understand he has relations in London of
the very poorest class--labouring people.’

‘They probably benefit by his will?’

‘I can’t say. In any case, to a very small extent. It has for a long
time been understood that Hubert Eldon inherits.’

‘Singular!’ murmured the clergyman, still in the same absent way.

‘Is it not? He took so to the young fellows; no doubt he was flattered
to be allied to them. And then he was passionately devoted to his
daughter; if only for her sake, he would have done his utmost for the

‘I understand that Mr. Mutimer purchased the Manor from them?’

‘That was before the marriage. Godfrey Eldon sold it; he had his
father’s taste for speculation, I fancy, and wanted capital. Then
Mr. Mutimer begged them to remain in the house. He certainly was a
wonderfully kind old--old gentleman; his behaviour to Mrs. Eldon was
always the perfection of courtesy. A stranger would find it difficult
to understand how she could get on so well with him, but their sorrows
brought them together, and Mr. Mutimer’s generosity was really noble.
If I had not known his origin, I should certainly have taken him for a
county gentleman.’

‘Yet he proposed to mine in the valley,’ observed Mr. Wyvern, half to
himself, casting a glance at the window.

Mrs. Waltham did not at first see the connection between this and
what she had been saying. Then it occurred to her that Mr. Wyvern was
aristocratic in his views.

‘To be sure,’ she said, ‘one expects to find a little of the
original--of the money-making spirit. Of course such a thing would never
have suggested itself to the Eldons. And in fact very little of the
lands remained to them. Mr. Mutimer bought a great deal from other

As Mr. Wyvern sat brooding, Mrs. Waltham asked--

‘You have seen Mrs. Eldon?’

‘Not yet. She is too unwell to receive visits.’

‘Yes, poor thing, she is a great invalid. I thought, perhaps, you--. But
I know she likes to be very quiet. What a strange thing about Mr.
Eldon, is it not? You know that he has never come yet; not even to the


‘An inexplicable thing! There has never been a shadow of disagreement
between them.’

‘Mr. Eldon is abroad, I believe?’ said the clergyman musingly.

‘Abroad? Oh dear, no! At least, I--. Is there news of his being abroad?’

Mr. Wyvern merely shook his head.

‘As far as we know,’ Mrs. Waltham continued, rather disturbed by the
suggestion, ‘he is at Oxford.’

‘A student?’

‘Yes. He is quite a youth--only two-and-twenty.’

There was a knock at the door, and a maid-servant entered to ask if
she should lay the table for tea. Mrs. Waltham assented; then, to her

‘You will do us the pleasure of drinking a cup of tea, Mr. Wyvern? we
make a meal of it, in the country way. My boy and girl are sure to be in

‘I should like to make their acquaintance,’ was the grave response.

‘Alfred, my son,’ the lady proceeded, ‘is with us for his Easter
holiday. Belwick is so short a distance away, and yet too far to allow
of his living here, unfortunately.’

‘His age?’

‘Just one-and-twenty.’

‘The same age as my own boy.’

‘Oh, you have a son?’

‘A youngster, studying music in Germany. I have just been spending a
fortnight with him.’

‘How delightful! If only poor Alfred could have pursued some more--more
liberal occupation! Unhappily, we had small choice. Friends were good
enough to offer him exceptional advantages not long after his father’s
death, and I was only too glad to accept the opening. I believe he is
a clever boy; only such a dreadful Radical.’ She laughed, with a
deprecatory motion of the hands. ‘Poor Adela and he are at daggers
drawn; no doubt it is some terrible argument that detains them now on
the road. I can’t think how he got his views; certainly his father never
inculcated them.’

‘The air, Mrs. Waltham, the air,’ murmured the clergyman.

The lady was not quite sure that she understood the remark, but the
necessity of reply was obviated by the entrance of the young man in
question. Alfred was somewhat undergrown, but of solid build. He walked
in a sturdy and rather aggressive way, and his plump face seemed to
indicate an intelligence, bright, indeed, but of the less refined order.
His head was held stiffly, and his whole bearing betrayed a desire to
make the most of his defective stature. His shake of the hand was an
abrupt downward jerk, like a pull at a bell-rope. In the smile with
which he met Mr. Wyvern a supercilious frame of mind was not altogether
concealed; he seemed anxious to have it understood that in _him_ the
clerical attire inspired nothing whatever of superstitious reverence.
Reverence, in truth, was not Mr. Waltham’s failing.

Mr. Wyvern, as his habit was at introductions, spoke no words, but held
the youth’s hand for a few moments and looked him in the eyes. Alfred
turned his head aside uneasily, and was a trifle ruddy in the cheeks
when at length he regained his liberty.

‘By-the-by,’ he remarked to his mother when he had seated himself, with
crossed legs, ‘Eldon has turned up at last. He passed us in a cab, or so
Adela said. I didn’t catch a glimpse of the individual.’

‘Really!’ exclaimed Mrs. Waltham. ‘He was coming from Agworth station?’

‘I suppose so. There was a trunk on the four-wheeler. Adela says he
looked ill, though I don’t see how she discovered so much.’

‘I have no doubt she is right. He must have been ill.’

Mr. Wyvern, in contrast with his habit, was paying marked attention;
he leaned forward, with a hand on each knee. In the meanwhile the
preparations for tea had progressed, and as Mrs. Waltham rose at the
sight of the teapot being brought in, her daughter entered the room.
Adela was taller by half a head than her brother; she was slim and
graceful. The air had made her face bloom, and the smile which was added
as she drew near to the vicar enhanced the charm of a countenance at all
times charming. She was not less than ladylike in self-possession,
but Mr. Wyvern’s towering sableness clearly awed her a little. For an
instant her eyes drooped, but at once she raised them and met the severe
gaze with unflinching orbs. Releasing her hand, Mr. Wyvern performed
a singular little ceremony: he laid his right palm very gently on her
nutbrown hair, and his lips moved. At the same time he all but smiled.

Alfred’s face was a delightful study the while; it said so clearly,
‘Confound the parson’s impudence!’ Mrs. Waltham, on the other hand,
looked pleased as she rustled to her place at the tea-tray.

‘So Mr. Eldon has come?’ she said, glancing at Adela. ‘Alfred says he
looks ill.’

‘Mother,’ interposed the young man, ‘pray be accurate. I distinctly
stated that I did not even see him, and should not have known that it
was he at all. Adela is responsible for that assertion.’

‘I just saw his face,’ the girl said naturally. ‘I thought he looked

Mr. Wyvern addressed to her a question about her walk, and for a few
minutes they conversed together. There was a fresh simplicity in Adela’s
way of speaking which harmonised well with her appearance and with the
scene in which she moved. A gentle English girl, this dainty home, set
in so fair and peaceful a corner of the world, was just the abode one
would have chosen for her. Her beauty seemed a part of the burgeoning
spring-time, She was not lavish of her smiles; a timid seriousness
marked her manner to the clergyman, and she replied to his
deliberately-posed questions with a gravity respectful alike of herself
and of him.

In front of Mr. Wyvern stood a large cake, of which a portion was
already sliced. The vicar, at Adela’s invitation, accepted a piece of
the cake; having eaten this, he accepted another; then yet another.
His absence had come back upon him, and he talked he continued to
eat portions of the cake, till but a small fraction of the original
structure remained on the dish. Alfred, keenly observant of what was
going on, pursed his lips from time to time and looked at his mother
with exaggerated gravity, leading her eyes to the vanishing cake. Even
Adela could not but remark the reverend gentleman’s abnormal appetite,
but she steadily discouraged her brother’s attempts to draw her into the
joke. At length it came to pass that Mr. Wyvern himself, stretching his
hand mechanically to the dish, became aware that he had exhibited his
appreciation of the sweet food in a degree not altogether sanctioned by
usage. He fixed his eyes on the tablecloth, and was silent for a while.

As soon as the vicar had taken his departure Alfred threw himself into a
chair, thrust out his legs, and exploded in laughter.

‘By Jove!’ he shouted. ‘If that man doesn’t experience symptoms of
disorder! Why, I should be prostrate for a week if I consumed a quarter
of what he has put out of sight.’

‘Alfred, you are shockingly rude,’ reproved his mother, though herself
laughing. ‘Mr. Wyvern is absorbed in thought.’

‘Well, he has taken the best means, I should say, to remind himself
of actualities,’ rejoined the youth. ‘But what a man he is! How did he
behave in church this morning?’

‘You should have come to see,’ said Mrs. Waltham, mildly censuring her
son’s disregard of the means of grace.

‘I like Mr. Wyvern,’ observed Adela, who was standing at the window
looking out upon the dusking valley.

‘Oh, you would like any man in parsonical livery,’ scoffed her brother.

Alfred shortly betook himself to the garden, where, in spite of a
decided freshness in the atmosphere, he walked for half-an-hour smoking
a pipe. When he entered the house again, he met Adela at the foot of the

‘Mrs. Mewling has just come in,’ she whispered.

‘All right, I’ll come up with you,’ was the reply. ‘Heaven defend me
from her small talk!’

They ascended to a very little room, which made a kind of boudoir
for Adela. Alfred struck a match and lit a lamp, disclosing a nest of
wonderful purity and neatness. On the table a drawing-board was slanted;
it showed a text of Scripture in process of ‘illumination.’

‘Still at that kind of thing!’ exclaimed Alfred. ‘My good child, if you
want to paint, why don’t you paint in earnest? Really, Adela, I must
enter a protest! Remember that you are eighteen years of age.’

‘I don’t forget it, Alfred.’

‘At eight-and-twenty, at eight-and-thirty, you propose still to be at
the same stage of development?’

‘I don’t think we’ll talk of it,’ said the girl quietly. ‘We don’t
understand each other.’

‘Of course not, but we might, if only you’d read sensible books that I
could give you.’

Adela shook her head. The philosophical youth sank into his favourite
attitude--legs extended, hands in pockets, nose in air.

‘So, I suppose,’ he said presently, ‘that fellow really has been ill?’

Adela was sitting in thought; she looked up with a shadow of annoyance
on her face.

‘That fellow?’

‘Eldon, you know.’

‘I want to ask you a question,’ said his sister, interlocking her
fingers and pressing them against her throat. ‘Why do you always speak
in a contemptuous way of Mr. Eldon?’

‘You know I don’t like the individual.’

‘What cause has “the individual” given you?’

‘He’s a snob.’

‘I’m not sure that I know what that means,’ replied Adela, after
thinking for a moment with downcast eyes.

‘Because you never read anything. He’s a fellow who raises a great
edifice of pretence on rotten foundations.’

‘What can you mean? Mr. Eldon is a gentleman. What pretence is he guilty

‘Gentleman!’ uttered her brother with much scorn. ‘Upon my word,
that _is_ the vulgarest of denominations! Who doesn’t call himself so
nowadays! A man’s a man, I take it, and what need is there to lengthen
the name? Thank the powers, we don’t live in feudal ages. Besides, he
doesn’t seem to me to be what you imply.’

Adela had taken a book; in turning over the pages, she said--

‘No doubt you mean, Alfred, that, for some reason, you are determined to
view him with prejudice.’

‘The reason is obvious enough. The fellow’s behaviour is detestable; he
looks at you from head to foot as if you were applying for a place in
his stable. Whenever I want an example of a contemptible aristocrat,
there’s Eldon ready-made. Contemptible, because he’s such a sham; as if
everybody didn’t know his history and his circumstances!’

‘Everybody doesn’t regard them as you do. There is nothing whatever
dishonourable in his position.’

‘Not in sponging on a rich old plebeian, a man he despises, and living
in idleness at his expense?’

‘I don’t believe Mr. Eldon does anything of the kind. Since his
brother’s death he has had a sufficient income of his own, so mother

‘Sufficient income of his own! Bah! Five or six hundred a year; likely
he lives on that! Besides, haven’t they soaped old Mutimer into leaving
them all his property? The whole affair is the best illustration one
could possibly have of what aristocrats are brought to in a democratic
age. First of all, Godfrey Eldon marries Mutimer’s daughter; you are at
liberty to believe, if you like, that he would have married her just the
same if she hadn’t had a penny. The old fellow is flattered. They see
the hold they have, and stick to him like leeches. All for want of
money, of course. Our aristocrats begin to see that they can’t get on
without money nowadays; they can’t live on family records, and they find
that people won’t toady to them in the old way just on account of their
name. Why, it began with Eldon’s father--didn’t he put his pride in his
pocket, and try to make cash by speculation? Now I can respect him: he
at all events faced the facts of the case honestly. The despicable thing
in this Hubert Eldon is that, having got money once more, and in the
dirtiest way, he puts on the top-sawyer just as if there was nothing to
be ashamed of. If he and his mother were living in a small way on their
few hundreds a year, he might haw-haw as much as he liked, and I should
only laugh at him; he’d be a fool, but an honest one. But catch them
doing that! Family pride’s too insubstantial a thing, you see. Well,
as I said, they illustrate the natural course of things, the transition
from the old age to the new. If Eldon has sons, they’ll go in for
commerce, and make themselves, if they can, millionaires; but by that
time they’ll dispense with airs and insolence--see if they don’t.’

Adela kept her eyes on the pages before her, but she was listening
intently. A sort of verisimilitude in the picture drawn by her
Radical-minded brother could not escape her; her thought was troubled.
When she spoke it was without resentment, but gravely.

‘I don’t like this spirit in judging of people. You know quite well,
Alfred, how easy it is to see the whole story in quite another way. You
begin by a harsh and worldly judgment, and it leads you to misrepresent
all that follows. I refuse to believe that Godfrey Eldon married Mrs.
Mutimer’s daughter for her money.’

Alfred laughed aloud.

‘Of course you do, sister Adela! Women won’t admit such things; that’s
_their_ aristocratic feeling!’

‘And that is, too, worthless and a sham? Will that, too, be done away
with in the new age?’

‘Oh, depend upon it! When women are educated, they will take the world
as it is, and decline to live on illusions.’

‘Then how glad I am to have been left without education!’

In the meantime a conversation of a very lively kind was in progress
between Mrs. Waltham and her visitor, Mrs. Mewling. The latter was a
lady whose position much resembled Mrs. Waltham’s: she inhabited a small
house in the village street, and spent most of her time in going about
to hear or to tell some new thing. She came in this evening with a look
presageful of news indeed.

‘I’ve been to Belwick to-day,’ she began, sitting very close to Mrs.
Waltham, whose lap she kept touching as she spoke with excited fluency.
‘I’ve seen Mrs. Yottle. My dear, what do you think she has told me?’

Mrs. Yottle was the wife of a legal gentleman who had been in Mr.
Mutimer’s confidence. Mrs. Waltham at once divined intelligence
affecting the Eldons.

‘What?’ she asked eagerly.

‘You’d never dream such a thing! what _will_ come to pass! An
unthought-of possibility!’ She went on _crescendo_. ‘My dear Mrs.
Waltham, Mr. Mutimer has left no will!’

It was as if an electric shock had passed from the tips of her fingers
into her hearer’s frame. Mrs. Waltham paled.

‘That cannot be true!’ she whispered, incapable of utterance above

‘Oh, but there’s not a doubt of it!’ Knowing that the news would be
particularly unpalatable to Mrs. Waltham, she proceeded to dwell upon it
with dancing eyes. ‘Search has been going on since the day of the death:
not a corner that hasn’t been rummaged, not a drawer that hasn’t been
turned out, not a book in the library that hasn’t been shaken, not a
wall that hasn’t been examined for secret doors! Mr. Mutimer has died

The other lady was mute.

‘And shall I tell you how it came about? Two days before his death, he
had his will from Mr. Yottle, saying he wanted to make change--probably
to execute a new will altogether. My dear, he destroyed it, and death
surprised him before he could make another.’

‘He wished to make changes?’

‘Ah!’ Mrs. Mewling drew out the exclamation, shaking her raised finger,
pursing her lips. ‘And of that, too, I can tell you the reason. Mr.
Mutimer was anything but pleased with young Eldon. That young man,
let me tell you, has been conducting himself--oh, shockingly! Now you
wouldn’t dream of repeating this?’

‘Certainly not.’

‘It seems that news came not so very long ago of a certain actress,
singer,--something of the kind, you understand? Friends thought it their
duty--rightly, of course,--to inform Mr. Mutimer. I can’t say exactly
who did it; but we know that Hubert Eldon is not regarded affectionately
by a good many people. My dear, he has been out of England for more than
a month, living--oh, such extravagance! And the moral question, too? You
know--those women! Someone, they say, of European reputation; of course
no names are breathed. For my part, I can’t say I am surprised. Young
men, you know; and particularly young men of that kind! Well, it has
cost him a pretty penny; he’ll remember it as long as he lives.

‘Then the property will go--’

‘Yes, to the working people in London; the roughest of the rough, they
say! What _will_ happen? It will be impossible for us to live here
if they come and settle at the Manor. The neighbourhood will be
intolerable. Think of the rag-tag-and-bobtail they will bring with

‘But Hubert!’ ejaculated Mrs. Waltham, whom this vision of barbaric
onset affected little in the crashing together of a great airy castle.

‘Well, my dear, after all he still has more to depend upon than many we
could instance. Probably he will take to the law,--that is, if he ever
returns to England.’

‘He is at the Manor,’ said Mrs. Waltham, with none of the pleasure it
would ordinarily have given her to be first with an item of news. ‘He
came this afternoon.’

‘He did! Who has seen him?’

‘Alfred and Adela passed him on the road. He was in a cab.’

‘I feel for his poor mother. What a meeting it will be! But then we must
remember that they had no actual claim on the inheritance. Of course it
will be a most grievous disappointment, but what is life made of? I’m
afraid some people will be anything but grieved. We must confess that
Hubert has not been exactly popular; and I rather wonder at it; I’m
sure he might have been if he had liked. Just a little too--too
self-conscious, don’t you think? Of course it was quite a mistake, but
people had an idea that he presumed on wealth which was not his own.
Well, well, we quiet folk look on, don’t we? It’s rather like a play.’

Presently Mrs. Mewling leaned forward yet more confidentially.

‘My dear, you won’t be offended? You don’t mind a question? There wasn’t
anything definite?--Adela, I mean.’

‘Nothing, nothing whatever!’ Mrs. Waltham asserted with vigour.

‘Ha!’ Mrs. Mewling sighed deeply. ‘How relieved I am! I did so fear!’

‘Nothing whatever,’ the other lady repeated.

‘Thank goodness! Then there is no need to breathe a word of those
shocking matters. But they do get abroad so!’

A reflection Mrs. Mewling was justified in making.


The cab which had passed Adela and her brother at a short distance from
Wanley brought faces to the windows or door of almost every house as it
rolled through the village street. The direction in which it was going,
the trunk on the roof, the certainty that it had come from Agworth
station, suggested to everyone that young Eldon sat within. The occupant
had, however, put up both windows just before entering the village, and
sight of him was not obtained. Wanley had abundant matter for gossip
that evening. Hubert’s return, giving a keener edge to the mystery of
his so long delay, would alone have sufficed to wagging tongues; hut,
in addition, Mrs. Mewling was on the warpath, and the intelligence she
spread was of a kind to run like wildfire.

The approach to the Manor was a carriage-road, obliquely ascending the
bill from a point some quarter of a mile beyond the cottages which once
housed Belwick’s abbots. Of the house scarcely a glimpse could be caught
till you were well within the gates, so thickly was it embosomed in
trees. This afternoon it wore a cheerless face; most of the blinds were
still down, and the dwelling might have been unoccupied, for any sign of
human activity that the eye could catch. There was no porch at the main
entrance, and the heavy nail-studded door greeted a visitor somewhat
sombrely. On the front of a gable stood the words ‘Nisi Dominus.’

The vehicle drew up, and there descended a young man of pale
countenance, his attire indicating long and hasty travel. He pulled
vigorously at the end of a hanging bell-chain, and the door was
immediately opened by a man-servant in black. Hubert, for he it was,
pointed to his trunk, and, whilst it was being carried into the house,
took some loose coin from his pocket. He handed the driver a sovereign.

‘I have no change, sir,’ said the man, after examining the coin. But
Hubert had already turned away; he merely waved his hand, and entered
the house. For a drive of two miles, the cabman held himself tolerably

The hall was dusky, and seemed in need of fresh air. Hubert threw off
his hat, gloves, and overcoat; then for the first time spoke to the
servant, who stood in an attitude of expectancy.

‘Mrs. Eldon is at home?’

‘At home, sir, but very unwell. She desires me to say that she fears she
may not be able to see you this evening.’

‘Is there a fire anywhere?’

‘Only in the library, sir.’

‘I will dine there. And let a fire be lit in my bedroom.’

‘Yes, sir. Will you dine at once, sir?’

‘In an hour. Something light; I don’t care what it is.’

‘Shall the fire be lit in your bedroom at once, sir?’

‘At once, and a hot bath prepared. Come to the library and tell me when
it is ready.’

The servant silently departed. Hubert walked across the hall, giving a
glance here and there, and entered the library. Nothing had been
altered here since his father’s, nay, since his grandfather’s time.
That grandfather--his name Hubert--had combined strong intellectual
tendencies with the extravagant tastes which gave his already tottering
house the decisive push. The large collection of superbly-bound books
which this room contained were nearly all of his purchasing, for prior
to his time the Eldons had not been wont to concern themselves with
things of the mind. Hubert, after walking to the window and looking
out for a moment on the side lawn, pushed a small couch near to the
fireplace, and threw himself down at full length, his hands beneath his
head. In a moment his position seemed to have become uneasy; he turned
upon his side, uttering an exclamation as if of pain. A minute or two
and again he moved, this time with more evident impatience. The next
thing he did was to rise, step to the bell, and ring it violently.

The same servant appeared.

‘Isn’t the bath ready?’ Hubert asked. His former mode of speaking had
been brief and decided; he was now almost imperious.

‘I believe it will be in a moment, sir,’ was the reply, marked, perhaps,
by just a little failure in the complete subservience expected.

Hubert looked at the man for an instant with contracted brows, but
merely said--‘Tell them to be quick.’

The man returned in less than three minutes with a satisfactory
announcement, and Eldon went upstairs to refresh himself.

Two hours later he had dined, with obvious lack of appetite, and was
deriving but slight satisfaction from a cigar, when the servant entered
with a message from Mrs. Eldon: she desired to see her son.

Hubert threw his cigar aside, and made a gesture expressing his wish to
be led to his mother’s room. The man conducted him to the landing at the
head of the first flight of stairs; there a female servant was waiting,
who, after a respectful movement, led the way to a door at a few yards’
distance. She opened it and drew back. Hubert passed into the room.

It was furnished in a very old-fashioned style--heavily, richly, and
with ornaments seemingly procured rather as evidences of wealth than of
taste; successive Mrs. Eldons had used it as a boudoir. The present lady
of that name sat in a great chair near the fire. Though not yet fifty,
she looked at least ten years older; her hair had streaks of white, and
her thin delicate features were much lined and wasted. It would not be
enough to say that she had evidently once been beautiful, for in truth
she was so still, with a spiritual beauty of a very rare type. Just now
her face was set in a sternness which did not seem an expression natural
to it; the fine lips were much more akin to smiling sweetness, and the
brows accepted with repugnance anything but the stamp of thoughtful

After the first glance at Hubert she dropped her eyes. He, stepping
quickly across the floor, put his lips to her cheek; she did not move
her head, nor raise her hand to take his.

‘Will you sit there, Hubert?’ she said, pointing to a chair which
was placed opposite hers. The resemblance between her present mode of
indicating a wish and her son’s way of speaking to the servant below was
very striking; even the quality of their voices had much in common, for
Hubert’s was rather high-pitched. In face, however, the young man did
not strongly evidence their relation to each other: he was not handsome,
and had straight low brows, which made his aspect at first forbidding.

‘Why have you not come to me before this?’ Mrs. Eldon asked when her son
had seated himself, with his eyes turned upon the fire.

‘I was unable to, mother. I have been ill.’

She cast a glance at him. There was no doubting the truth of what he
said; at this moment he looked feeble and pain-worn.

‘Where did your illness come upon you?’ she asked, her tone unsoftened.

‘In Germany. I started only a few hours after receiving the letter in
which you told me of the death.’

‘My other letters you paid no heed to?’

‘I could not reply to them.’

He spoke after hesitation, but firmly, as one does who has something to
brave out.

‘It would have been better for you if you had been able, Hubert. Your
refusal has best you dear.’

He looked up inquiringly.

‘Mr. Mutimer,’ his mother continued, a tremor in her voice, ‘destroyed
his will a day or two before he died.’

Hubert said nothing. His fingers, looked together before him, twitched a
little; his face gave no sign.

‘Had you come to me at once,’ Mrs. Eldon pursued, ‘had you listened
to my entreaties, to my commands’--her voice rang right queenly--‘this
would not have happened. Mr. Mutimer behaved as generously as he always
has. As soon as there came to him certain news of you, he told me
everything. I refused to believe what people were saying, and he too
wished to do so. He would not write to you himself; there was one all
sufficient test, he held, and that was a summons from your mother. It
was a test of your honour, Hubert--and you failed under it.’

He made no answer.

‘You received my letters?’ she went on to ask. ‘I heard you had gone
from England, and could only hope your letters would be forwarded. Did
you get them?’

‘With the delay of only a day or two.’

‘And deliberately you put me aside?’

‘I did.’

She looked at him now for several moments. Her eyes grew moist. Then she
resumed, in a lower voice--

‘I said nothing of what was at stake, though I knew. Mr. Mutimer was
perfectly open with me. “I have trusted him implicitly,” he said,
“because I believe him as staunch and true as his brother. I make no
allowances for what are called young man’s follies: he must be above
anything of that kind. If he is not--well, I have been mistaken in
him, and I can’t deal with him as I wish to do.” You know what he was,
Hubert, and you can imagine him speaking those words. We waited. The bad
news was confirmed, and from you there came nothing. I would not hint at
the loss you were incurring; of my own purpose I should have refrained
from doing so, and Mr. Mutimer forbade me to appeal to anything but your
better self. If you would not come to me because I wished it, I could
not involve you and myself in shame by seeing you yield to sordid

Hubert raised his head. A choking voice kept him silent for a moment

‘Mother, the loss is nothing to you; you are above regrets of that kind;
and for myself, I am almost glad to have lost it.’

‘In very truth,’ answered the mother, ‘I care little about the wealth
you might have possessed. What I do care for is the loss of all the
hopes I had built upon you. I thought you honour itself; I thought you
high-minded. Young as you are, I let you go from me without a fear.
Hubert, I would have staked my life that no shadow of disgrace would
ever fall upon your head! You have taken from me the last comfort of my

He uttered words she could not catch.

‘The purity of your soul was precious to me,’ she continued, her accents
struggling against weakness; ‘I thought I had seen in you a love of that
chastity without which a man is nothing; and I ever did my best to keep
your eyes upon a noble ideal of womanhood. You have fallen. The simpler
duty, the point of every-day honour, I could not suppose that you would
fail in. From the day when you came of age, when Mr. Mutimer spoke to
you, saying that in every respect you would be as his son, and you, for
your part, accepted what he offered, you owed it to him to respect the
lightest of his reasonable wishes. The wish which was supreme in him
you have utterly disregarded. Is it that you failed to understand him? I
have thought of late of a way you had now and then when you spoke to
me about him; it has occurred to me that perhaps you did him less than
justice. Regard his position and mine, and tell me whether you think he
could have become so much to us if he had not been a gentleman in the
highest sense of the word. When Godfrey first of all brought me that
proposal from him that we should still remain in this house, it seemed
to me the most impossible thing. You know what it was that induced me to
assent, and what led to his becoming so intimate with us. Since then it
has been hard for me to remember that he was not one of our family. His
weak points it was not difficult to discover; but I fear you did
not understand what was noblest in his character. Uprightness,
clean-heartedness, good faith--these things he prized before everything.
In you, in one of your birth, he looked to find them in perfection.
Hubert, I stood shamed before him.’

The young man breathed hard, as if in physical pain. His eyes were fixed
in a wide absent gaze. Mrs. Eldon had lost all the severity of her face;
the profound sorrow of a pure and noble nature was alone to be read
there now.

‘What,’ she continued--‘what is this class distinction upon which we
pride ourselves? What does it mean, if not that our opportunities lead
us to see truths to which the eyes of the poor and ignorant are blind?
Is there nothing in it, after all--in our pride of birth and station?
That is what people are saying nowadays: you yourself have jested to me
about our privileges. You almost make me dread that you were right. Look
back at that man, whom I came to honour as my own father. He began
life as a toiler with his hands. Only a fortnight ago he was telling
me stories of his boyhood, of seventy years since. He was without
education; his ideas of truth and goodness he had to find within his own
heart. Could anything exceed the noble simplicity of his respect for me,
for you boys? We were poor, but it seemed to him that we had from nature
what no money could buy. He was wrong; his faith misled him. No, not
wrong with regard to all of us; my boy Godfrey was indeed all that he
believed. But think of himself; what advantage have we over him? I know
no longer what to believe. Oh, Hubert!’

He left his chair and walked to a more distant part of the room, where
he was beyond the range of lamp and firelight. Standing here, he pressed
his hand against his side, still breathing hard, and with difficulty
suppressing a groan.

He came a step or two nearer.

‘Mother,’ he said, hurriedly, ‘I am still far from well. Let me leave
you: speak to me again to-morrow.’

Mrs. Eldon made an effort to rise, looking anxiously into the gloom
where he stood. She was all but standing upright--a thing she had not
done for a long time--when Hubert sprang towards her, seizing her hands,
then supporting her in his arms. Her self-command gave way at length,
and she wept.

Hubert placed her gently in the chair and knelt beside her. He could
find no words, but once or twice raised his face and kissed her.

‘What caused your illness?’ she asked, speaking as one wearied with
suffering. She lay back, and her eyes were closed.

‘I cannot say,’ he answered. ‘Do not speak of me. In your last letter
there was no account of how he died.’

‘It was in church, at the morning service. The pew-opener found him
sitting there dead, when all had gone away.’

‘But the vicar could see into the pew from the pulpit? The death must
have been very peaceful.’

‘No, he could not see; the front curtains were drawn.’

‘Why was that, I wonder?’

Mrs. Eldon shook her head.

‘Are you in pain?’ she asked suddenly. ‘Why do you breathe so

‘A little pain. Oh, nothing; I will see Manns to-morrow.’

His mother gazed long and steadily into his eyes, and this time he bore
her look.

‘Mother, you have not kissed me,’ he whispered.

‘And cannot, dear. There is too much between us.’

His head fell upon her lap.


He pressed her hand.

‘How shall I live when you have gone from me again? When you say
good-bye, it will be as if I parted from you for ever.’

Hubert was silent.

‘Unless,’ she continued--‘unless I have your promise that you will no
longer dishonour yourself.’

He rose from her side and stood in front of the fire; his mother looked
and saw that he trembled.

‘No promise, Hubert,’ she said, ‘that you cannot keep. Rather than that,
we will accept our fate, and be nothing to each other.’

‘You know very well, mother, that that is impossible. I cannot speak to
you of what drove me to disregard your letters. I love and honour you,
and shall have to change my nature before I cease to do so.’

‘To me, Hubert, you seem already to have changed. I scarcely know you.’

‘I can’t defend myself to you,’ he said sadly. ‘We think so differently
on subjects which allow of no compromise, that, even if I could speak
openly, you would only condemn me the more.’

His mother turned upon him a grief-stricken and wondering face.

‘Since when have we differed so?’ she asked. ‘What has made us strangers
to each other’s thoughts? Surely, surely you are at one with me in
condemning all that has led to this? If your character has been too weak
to resist temptation, you cannot have learnt to make evil your good?’

He kept silence.

‘You refuse me that last hope?’

Hubert moved impatiently.

‘Mother, I can’t see beyond to-day! I know nothing of what is before me.
It is the idlest trifling with words to say one will do this or that,
when action in no way depends on one’s own calmer thought. In this
moment I could promise anything you ask; if I had my choice, I would be
a child again and have no desire but to do your will, to be worthy in
your eyes. I hate my life and the years that have parted me from you.
Let us talk no more of it.’

Neither spoke again for some moments; then Hubert asked coldly--

‘What has been done?’

‘Nothing,’ replied Mrs. Eldon, in the same tone. ‘Mr. Yottle has waited
for your return before communicating with the relatives in London.’

‘I will go to Belwick in the morning,’ he said. Then, after reflection,
‘Mr. Mutimer told you that he had destroyed his will?’

‘No. He had it from Mr. Yottle two days before his death, and on the day
after--the Monday--Mr. Yottle was to have come to receive instructions
for a new one. It is nowhere to be found: of course it was destroyed.’

‘I suppose there is no doubt of that?’ Hubert asked, with a show of

‘There can be none. Mr. Yottle tells me that a will which existed.
before Godfrey’s marriage was destroyed in the same way.’

‘Who is the heir?’

‘A great-nephew bearing the same name. The will contained provision for
him and certain of his family. Wanley is his; the personal property will
be divided among several.’

‘The people have not come forward?’

‘We presume they do not even know of Mr. Mutimer’s death. There has been
no direct communication between him and them for many years.’

Hubert’s next question was, ‘What shall you do, mother?’

‘Does it interest you, Hubert? I am too feeble to move very far. I must
find a home either here in the village or at Agworth.’

He looked at her with compassion, with remorse.

‘And you, my boy?’ asked his mother, raising her eyes gently.

‘I? Oh, the selfish never come to harm, be sure! Only the gentle and
helpless have to suffer; that is the plan of the world’s ruling.’

‘The world is not ruled by one who thinks our thoughts, Hubert.’

He had it on his lips to make a rejoinder, but checked the impulse.

‘Say good-night to me,’ his mother continued. ‘You must go and rest. If
you still feel unwell in the morning, a messenger shall go to Belwick.
You are very, very pale.’

Hubert held his hand to her and bent his head. Mrs. Eldon offered her
cheek; he kissed it and went from the room.

At seven o’clock on the following morning a bell summoned a servant to
Hubert’s bedroom. Though it was daylight, a lamp burned near the bed;
Hubert lay against pillows heaped high.

‘Let someone go at once for Dr. Manns,’ he said, appearing to speak with
difficulty. ‘I wish to see him as soon as possible. Mrs. Eldon is to
know nothing of his visit--you understand me!’

The servant withdrew. In rather less than an hour the doctor made his
appearance, with every sign of having been interrupted in his repose. He
was a spare man, full bearded and spectacled.

‘Something wrong?’ was his greeting as he looked keenly at his summoner.
‘I didn’t know you were here.’

‘Yes,’ Hubert replied, ‘something is confoundedly wrong. I have been
playing strange tricks in the night, I fancy.’


‘As a consequence of something else. I shall have to tell you what must
be repeated to no one, as of course you will see. Let me see, when
was it?--Saturday to-day? Ten days ago, I had a pistol-bullet just
here,’--he touched his right side. ‘It was extracted, and I seemed to be
not much the worse. I have just come from Germany.’

Dr. Manns screwed his face into an expression of sceptical amazement.

‘At present,’ Hubert continued, trying to laugh, ‘I feel considerably
the worse. I don’t think I could move if I tried. In a few minutes, ten
to one, I shall begin talking foolery. You must keep people away; get
what help is needed. I may depend upon you?’

The doctor nodded, and, whistling low, began an examination.


On the dun borderland of Islington and Hoxton, in a corner made by
the intersection of the New North Road and the Regent’s Canal, is
discoverable an irregular triangle of small dwelling-houses, bearing the
name of Wilton Square. In the midst stands an amorphous structure, which
on examination proves to be a very ugly house and a still uglier Baptist
chapel built back to back. The pair are enclosed within iron railings,
and, more strangely, a circle of trees, which in due season do veritably
put forth green leaves. One side of the square shows a second place of
worship, the resort, as an inscription declares, of ‘Welsh Calvinistic
Methodists.’ The houses are of one storey, with kitchen windows looking
upon small areas; the front door is reached by an ascent of five steps.

The canal--_maladetta e sventurata fossa_--stagnating in utter foulness
between coal-wharfs and builders’ yards, at this point divides two
neighbourhoods of different aspects. On the south is Hoxton, a region of
malodorous market streets, of factories, timber yards, grimy warehouses,
of alleys swarming with small trades and crafts, of filthy courts and
passages leading into pestilential gloom; everywhere toil in its most
degrading forms; the thoroughfares thundering with high-laden waggons,
the pavements trodden by working folk of the coarsest type, the
corners and lurking-holes showing destitution at its ugliest. Walking
northwards, the explorer finds himself in freer air, amid broader ways,
in a district of dwelling-houses only; the roads seem abandoned to
milkmen, cat’s-meat vendors, and costermongers. Here will be found
streets in which every window has its card advertising lodgings: others
claim a higher respectability, the houses retreating behind patches of
garden-ground, and occasionally showing plastered pillars and a balcony.
The change is from undisguised struggle for subsistence to mean and
spirit-broken leisure; hither retreat the better-paid of the great
slave-army when they are free to eat and sleep. To walk about a
neighbourhood such as this is the dreariest exercise to which man can
betake himself; the heart is crushed by uniformity of decent squalor;
one remembers that each of these dead-faced houses, often each separate
blind window, represents a ‘home,’ and the associations of the word
whisper blank despair.

Wilton Square is on the north side of the foss, on the edge of the
quieter district, and in one of its houses dwelt at the time of which
I write the family on whose behalf Fate was at work in a valley of
mid-England. Joseph Mutimer, nephew to the old man who had just died at
Wanley Manor, had himself been at rest for some five years; his widow
and three children still lived together in the home they had long
occupied. Joseph came of a family of mechanics; his existence was
that of the harmless necessary artisan. He earned a living by dint of
incessant labour, brought up his family in an orderly way, and departed
with a certain sense of satisfaction at having fulfilled obvious
duties--the only result of life for which he could reasonably look. With
his children we shall have to make closer acquaintance; but before doing
so, in order to understand their position and follow with intelligence
their several stories, it will be necessary to enter a little upon the
subject of ancestry.

Joseph Mutimer’s father, Henry by name, was a somewhat remarkable
personage. He grew to manhood in the first decade of our century, and
wrought as a craftsman in a Midland town. He had a brother, Richard,
some ten years his junior, and the two were of such different types of
character, each so pronounced in his kind, that, after vain attempts
to get along together, they parted for good, heedless of each other
henceforth, pursuing their sundered destinies. Henry was by nature a
political enthusiast, of insufficient ballast, careless of the main
chance, of hot and ready tongue; the Chartist movement gave him
opportunities of action which he used to the utmost, and he became a
member of the so-called National Convention, established in Birmingham
in 1839. Already he had achieved prominence by being imprisoned as
the leader of a torch-light procession, and this taste of martyrdom
naturally sharpened his zeal. He had married young, but only visited
his family from time to time. His wife for the most part earned her own
living, and ultimately betook herself to London with her son Joseph, the
single survivor of seven children. Henry pursued his career of popular
agitation, supporting himself in miscellaneous ways, writing his wife an
affectionate letter once in six months, and making himself widely known
as an uncompromising Radical of formidable powers. Newspapers of that
time mention his name frequently; he was always in hot water, and once
or twice narrowly escaped transportation. In 1842 he took active part in
the riots of the Midland Counties, and at length was unfortunate enough
to get his head broken. He died in hospital before any relative could
reach him.

Richard Mutimer regarded with detestation the principles to which Henry
had sacrificed his life. From childhood he was staid, earnest, and
iron-willed; to whatsoever he put his hand, he did it thoroughly, and it
was his pride to receive aid from no man. Intensely practical, he early
discerned the truth that a man’s first object must be to secure himself
a competency, seeing that to one who lacks money the world is but
a great debtors’ prison. To make money, therefore, was his aim, and
anything that interfered with the interests of commerce and industry
from the capitalist’s point of view he deemed unmitigated evil. When
his brother Henry was leading processions and preaching the People’s
Charter, Richard enrolled himself as a special constable, cursing the
tumults which drew him from business, but determined, if he got the
opportunity, to strike a good hard blow in defence of law and order.
Already he was well on the way to possess a solid stake in the country,
and the native conservatism of his temperament grew stronger as
circumstances bent themselves to his will; a proletarian conquering
wealth and influence naturally prizes these things in proportion to the
effort their acquisition has cost him. When he heard of his brother’s
death, he could in conscience say nothing more than ‘Serve him right!’
For all that, he paid the funeral expenses of the Chartist--angrily
declining an offer from Henry’s co-zealots, who would have buried the
martyr at their common charges--and proceeded to inquire after the widow
and son. Joseph Mutimer, already one- or two-and-twenty, was in no need
of help; he and his mother, naturally prejudiced against the thriving
uncle, declared themselves satisfied with their lot, and desired no
further connection with a relative who was practically a stranger to

So Richard went on his way and heaped up riches. When already
middle-aged he took to himself a wife, his choice being marked with
characteristic prudence. The woman he wedded was turned thirty, had no
money, and few personal charms, but was a lady. Richard was fully able
to appreciate education and refinement; to judge from the course of
his later life, one would have said that he had sought money only as a
means, the end he really aimed at being the satisfaction of instincts
which could only have full play in a higher social sphere. No doubt the
truth was that success sweetened his character, and developed, as is
so often the case, those possibilities of his better nature which a
fruitless struggle would have kept in the germ or altogether crushed.
His excellent wife influenced him profoundly; at her death the work
was continued by the daughter she left him. The defects of his early
education could not of course be repaired, but it is never too late
for a man to go to school to the virtues which civilise. Remaining the
sturdiest of Conservatives, he bowed in sincere humility to those very
claims which the Radical most angrily disallows: birth, hereditary
station, recognised gentility--these things made the strongest demand
upon his reverence. Such an attitude was a testimony to his own capacity
for culture, since he knew not the meaning of vulgar adulation, and did
in truth perceive the beauty of those qualities to which the uneducated
Iconoclast is wholly blind. It was a joyous day for him when he saw his
daughter the wife of Godfrey Eldon. The loss which so soon followed was
correspondingly hard to bear, and but for Mrs. Eldon’s gentle sympathy
he would scarcely have survived the blow. We know already how his
character had impressed that lady; such respect was not lightly to be
won, and he came to regard it as the most precious thing that life had
left him.

But the man was not perfect, and his latest practical undertaking
curiously enough illustrated the failing which he seemed most completely
to have outgrown. It was of course a deplorable error to think of mining
in the beautiful valley which had once been the Eldons’ estate. Richard
Mutimer could not perceive that. He was a very old man, and possibly the
instincts of his youth revived as his mind grew feebler; he imagined it
the greatest kindness to Mrs. Eldon and her son to increase as much as
possible the value of the property he would leave at his death. They,
of course, could not even hint to him the pain with which they viewed so
barbarous a scheme; he did not as much as suspect a possible objection.
Intensely happy in his discovery and the activity to which it led, he
would have gone to his grave rich in all manner of content but for that
fatal news which reached him from London, where Hubert Eldon was sup
posed to be engaged in sober study in an interval of University work.
Doubtless it was this disappointment that caused his sudden death, and
so brought about a state of things which could he have foreseen it,
would have occasioned him the bitterest grief.

He had never lost sight of his relatives in London, and had made for
them such modest provision as suited his view of the fitness of things.
To leave wealth to young men of the working class would have seemed to
him the most inexcusable of follies; if such were to rise at all, it
must be by their own efforts and in consequence of their native merits;
otherwise, let them toil on and support themselves honestly. From secret
sources he received information of the capabilities and prospects of
Joseph Mutimer’s children, and the items of his will were regulated

So we return to the family in Wilton Square. Let us, before proceeding
with the story, enumerate the younger Mutimers. The first-born, now aged
five-and-twenty, had his great-uncle’s name; Joseph Mutimer, married,
and no better off in worldly possessions than when he had only himself
to support, came to regret the coldness with which he had received the
advances of his uncle the capitalist, and christened his son Richard,
with half a hope that some day the name might stand the boy in stead.
Richard was a mechanical engineer, employed in certain ironworks where
hydraulic machinery was made. The second child was a girl, upon whom had
been bestowed the names Alice Maud, after one of the Queen’s daughters;
on which account, and partly with reference to certain personal
characteristics, she was often called ‘the Princess.’ Her age was
nineteen, and she had now for two years been employed in the show-rooms
of a City warehouse. Last comes Henry, a lad of seventeen; he had been
suffered to aim at higher things than the rest of the family. In the
industrial code of precedence the rank of clerk is a step above that of
mechanic, and Henry--known to relatives and friends as ‘Arry--occupied
the proud position of clerk in a drain-pipe manufactory.


At ten o’clock on the evening of Easter Sunday, Mrs. Mutimer was busy
preparing supper. She had laid the table for six, had placed at one
end of it a large joint of cold meat, at the other a vast flee-pudding,
already diminished by attack, and she was now slicing a conglomerate
mass of cold potatoes and cabbage prior to heating it in the frying-pan,
which hissed with melted dripping just on the edge of the fire. The
kitchen was small, and everywhere reflected from some bright surface
either the glow of the open grate or the yellow lustre of the gas-jet;
red curtains drawn across the window added warmth and homely comfort to
the room. It was not the kitchen of pinched or slovenly working folk;
the air had a scent of cleanliness, of freshly scrubbed boards and
polished metal, and the furniture was super-abundant. On the capacious
dresser stood or hung utensils innumerable; cupboards and chairs had a
struggle for wall space; every smallest object was in the place assigned
to it by use and wont.

The housewife was an active woman of something less than sixty; stout,
fresh-featured, with a small keen eye, a firm mouth, and the look of
one who, conscious of responsibilities, yet feels equal to them; on the
whole a kindly and contented face, if lacking the suggestiveness which
comes of thought. At present she seemed on the verge of impatience; it
was supper time, but her children lingered.

‘There they are, and there they must wait, I s’pose,’ she murmured to
herself as she finished slicing the vegetables and went to remove the
pan a little from the fire.

A knock at the house door called her upstairs. She came down again,
followed by a young girl of pleasant countenance, though pale and
anxious-looking. The visitor’s dress was very plain, and indicated
poverty; she wore a long black jacket, untrimmed, a boa of cheap fur,
tied at the throat with black ribbon, a hat of grey felt, black cotton

‘No one here?’ she asked, seeing the empty kitchen.

‘Goodness knows where they all are. I s’pose Dick’s at his meeting; but
Alice and ‘Arry had ought to be back by now. Sit you down to the table,
and I’ll put on the vegetables; there’s no call to wait for them. Only I
ain’t got the beer.’

‘Oh, but I didn’t mean to come for supper,’ said the girl, whose name
was Emma Vine. ‘I only ran in to tell you poor Jane’s down again with
rheumatic fever.’

Mrs. Mutimer was holding the frying-pan over the fire, turning the
contents over and over with a knife.

‘You don’t mean that!’ she exclaimed, looking over her shoulder. ‘Why,
it’s the fifth time, ain’t it?’

‘It is indeed, and worse to get through every time. We didn’t expect
she’d ever be able to walk again last autumn.’

‘Dear, dear! what a thing them rheumatics is, to be sure! And you’ve
heard about Dick, haven’t you?’

‘Heard what?’

‘Oh, I thought maybe it had got to you. He’s lost his work, that’s all.’

‘Lost his work?’ the girl repeated, with dismay. ‘Why?’

‘Why? What else had he to expect? ‘Tain’t likely they’ll keep a man as
goes about making all his mates discontented and calling his employers
names at every street corner. I’ve been looking for it every week.
Yesterday one of the guvnors calls him up and tells him--just in a few
civil words--as perhaps it ‘ud be better for all parties if he’d find a
place where he was more satisfied. “Well an’ good,” says Dick--you know
his way--and there he is.’

The girl had seated herself, and listened to this story with downcast
eyes. Courage seemed to fail her; she drew a long, quiet sigh. Her face
was of the kind that expresses much sweetness in irregular features. Her
look was very honest and gentle, with pathetic meanings for whoso had
the eye to catch them; a peculiar mobility of the lips somehow made one
think that she had often to exert herself to keep down tears. She
spoke in a subdued voice, always briefly, and with a certain natural
refinement in the use of uncultured language. When Mrs. Mutimer
ceased, Emma kept silence, and smoothed the front of her jacket with an
unconscious movement of the hand.

Mrs. Mutimer glanced at her and showed commiseration.

‘Well, well, don’t you worrit about it, Emma,’ she said; ‘you’ve quite
enough on your hands. Dick don’t care--not he; he couldn’t look more
high-flyin’ if someone had left him a fortune. He says it’s the best
thing as could happen. Nay, I can’t explain; he’ll tell you plenty soon
as he gets in. Cut yourself some meat, child, do, and don’t wait for me
to help you. See, I’ll turn you out some potatoes; you don’t care for
the greens, I know.’

The fry had hissed vigorously whilst this conversation went on; the
results were brown and unctuous.

‘Now, if it ain’t too bad!’ cried the old woman, losing self-control.
‘That ‘Arry gets later every Sunday, and he knows very well as I have to
wait for the beer till he comes.’

I’ll fetch it,’ said Emma, rising.

‘You indeed! I’d like to see Dick if he caught me a-sending you to the

‘He won’t mind it for once.’

‘You get on with your supper, do. It’s only my fidgetiness; I can do
very well a bit longer. And Alice, where’s she off to, I wonder? What it
is to have a girl that age! I wish they was all like you, Emma. Get on
with your supper, I tell you, or you’ll make me angry. Now, it ain’t no
use taking it to ‘eart in that way. I see what you’re worritin’ over.
Dick ain’t the man to be out o’ work long.’

‘But won’t it be the same at his next place?’ Emma inquired. She was
trying to eat, but it was a sad pretence.

‘Nay, there’s no telling. It’s no good my talkin’ to him. Why don’t you
see what you can do, Emma? ‘Tain’t as if he’d no one but his own self to
think about Don’t you think you could make him see that? If anyone has
a right to speak, it’s you. Tell him as he’d ought to have a bit more
thought. It’s wait, wait, wait, and likely to be if things go on like
this. Speak up and tell him as--’

‘Oh, I couldn’t do that!’ murmured Emma. ‘Dick knows best.’

She stopped to listen; there was a noise above as of people entering the

‘Here they come at last,’ said Mrs. Mutimer. ‘Hear him laughin’? Now,
don’t you be so ready to laugh with him. Let him see as it ain’t such
good fun to everybody.’

Heavy feet tramped down the stone stairs, amid a sound of loud laughter
and excited talk. The next moment the kitchen door was thrown open, and
two young men appeared. The one in advance was Richard Mutimer; behind
him came a friend of the family, Daniel Dabbs.

‘Well, what do you think of this?’ Richard exclaimed as he shook Emma’s
hands rather carelessly. ‘Mother been putting you out of spirits, I
suppose? Why, it’s grand; the best thing that could have happened! What
a meeting we’ve had to-night! What do _you_ say, Dan?’

Richard represented--too favourably to make him anything but an
exception--the best qualities his class can show. He was the English
artisan as we find him on rare occasions, the issue of a good strain
which has managed to procure a sufficiency of food for two or three
generations. His physique was admirable; little short of six feet in
stature, he had shapely shoulders, an erect well-formed head, clean
strong limbs, and a bearing which in natural ease and dignity matched
that of the picked men of the upper class--those fine creatures whose
career, from public school to regimental quarters, is one exclusive
course of bodily training. But the comparison, on the whole, was to
Richard’s advantage. By no possibility could he have assumed that
aristocratic vacuity of visage which comes of carefully induced cerebral
atrophy. The air of the workshop suffered little colour to dwell upon
his cheeks; but to features of so pronounced and intelligent a type this
pallor added a distinction. He had dark brown hair, thick and long,
and a cropped beard of hue somewhat lighter. His eyes were his
mother’s--keen and direct; but they had small variety of expression; you
could not imagine them softening to tenderness, or even to thoughtful
dreaming. Terribly wide awake, they seemed to be always looking for
the weak points of whatever they regarded, and their brightness was not
seldom suggestive of malice. His voice was strong and clear; it would
ring out well in public places, which is equivalent to saying that it
hardly invited too intimate conference. You will take for granted that
Richard displayed, alike in attitude and tone, a distinct consciousness
of his points of superiority to the men among whom he lived; probably he
more than suspected that he could have held his own in spheres to which
there seemed small chance of his being summoned.

Just now he showed at once the best and the weakest of his points.
Coming in a state of exaltation from a meeting of which he had been
the eloquent hero, such light as was within him flashed from his face
freely; all the capacity and the vigour which impelled him to strain
against the strait bonds of his lot set his body quivering and made
music of his utterance. At the same time, his free movements passed
easily into swagger, and as he talked on, the false notes were not few.
A working man gifted with brains and comeliness must, be sure of it, pay
penalties for his prominence.

Quite another man was Daniel Dabbs: in him you saw the proletarian pure
and simple. He was thick-set, square-shouldered, rolling in gait; he
walked with head bent forward and eyes glancing uneasily, as if from
lack of self-confidence. His wiry black hair shone with grease, and
no accuracy of razor-play would make his chin white. A man of immense
strength, but bull-necked and altogether ungainly--his heavy fist, with
its black veins and terrific knuckles, suggested primitive methods
of settling dispute; the stumpy fingers, engrimed hopelessly, and the
filthy broken nails, showed how he wrought for a living. His face, if
you examined it without prejudice, was not ill to look upon; there was
much good humour about the mouth, and the eyes, shrewd enough, could
glimmer a kindly light His laughter was roof-shaking--always a good sign
in a man.

‘And what have _you_ got to say of these fine doings, Mr. Dabbs?’ Mrs.
Mutimer asked him.

‘Why, it’s like this ‘era, Mrs. Mutimer,’ Daniel began, having seated
himself, with hands on widely-parted knees. ‘As far as the theory goes,
I’m all for Dick; any man must be as knows his two times two. But about
the Longwoods; well, I tell Dick they’ve a perfect right to get rid of
him, finding him a dangerous enemy, you see. It was all fair and above
board. Young Stephen Longwood ups an’ says--leastways not in these
words, but them as means the same--says he, “Look ‘ere, Mutimer,” he
says, “we’ve no fault to find with you as a workman, but from what we
hear of you, it seems you don’t care much for us as employers. Hadn’t
you better find a shop as is run on Socialist principles?” That’s all
about it, you see; it’s a case of incompatible temperaments; there’s no
ill-feelin’, not as between man and man, And that’s what I say, too.’

‘Now, Dick,’ said Mrs. Mutimer, ‘before you begin your sermon, who’s
a-going to fetch my beer?’

‘Right, Mrs. Mutimer!’ cried Daniel, slapping his leg. ‘That’s what I
call coming from theory to practice. Beer squares all--leastways for the
time being--only for the time being, Dick. Where’s the jug? Better give
me two jugs; we’ve had a thirsty night of it.’

‘We’ll make capital of this!’ said Richard, walking about the room in
Daniel’s absence. ‘The great point gained is, they’ve shown they’re
afraid of me. We’ll write it up in the paper next week, see if we don’t!
It’ll do us a sight of good.’

‘And where’s your weekly wages to come from?’ inquired his mother.

‘Oh, I’ll look after that. I only wish they’d refuse me all round; the
more of that kind of thing the better for us. I’m not afraid but I can
earn my living.’

Through all this Emma Vine had sat with her thoughtful eyes constantly
turned on Richard. It was plain how pride struggled with anxiety in her
mind. When Richard had kept silence for a moment, she ventured to speak,
having tried in vain to meet his look.

‘Jane’s ill again, Richard,’ she said.

Mutimer had to summon his thoughts from a great distance; his endeavour
to look sympathetic was not very successful.

‘Not the fever again?’

‘Yes, it is,’ she replied sadly.

‘Going to work in the wet, I suppose?’

He shrugged his shoulders; in his present mood the fact was not so much
personally interesting to him as in the light of another case against
capitalism. Emma’s sister had to go a long way to her daily employment,
and could not afford to ride; the fifth attack of rheumatic fever was
the price she paid for being permitted to earn ten shillings a week.

Daniel returned with both jugs foaming, his face on a broad grin of
anticipation. There was a general move to the table. Richard began to
carve roast beef like a freeman, not by any means like the serf he had
repeatedly declared himself in the course of the evening’s oratory.

‘Her Royal ‘Ighness out?’ asked Daniel, with constraint not solely due
to the fact that his mouth was full.

‘She’s round at Mrs. Took’s, I should think,’ was Mrs. Mutimer’s reply.
‘Staying supper, per’aps.’

Richard, after five minutes of surprising trencher-work, recommenced
conversation. The proceedings of the evening at the hall, which was the
centre for Socialist gatherings in this neighbourhood, were discussed
by him and Daniel with much liveliness. Dan was disposed to take the
meeting on its festive and humorous side; for him, economic agitation
was a mode of passing a few hours amid congenial uproar. Whenever
stamping and shouting were called for, Daniel was your man. Abuse of
employers, it was true, gave a zest to the occasion, and to applaud
the martyrdom of others was as cheery an occupation as could be asked;
Daniel had no idea of sacrificing his own weekly wages, and therein
resembled most of those who had been loud in uncompromising rhetoric.
Richard, on the other hand, was unmistakably zealous. His sense of
humour was not strong, and in any case he would have upheld the serious
dignity of his own position. One saw from his way of speaking, that he
believed himself about to become a popular hero; already in imagination
he stood forth on platforms before vast assemblies, and heard his own
voice denouncing capitalism with force which nothing could resist.
The first taste of applause had given extraordinary impulse to his
convictions, and the personal ambition with which they were interwoven.
His grandfather’s blood was hot in him to-night. Henry Mutimer, dying in
hospital of his broken skull, would have found euthanasia, could he
in vision have seen this worthy descendant entering upon a career in
comparison with which his own was unimportant.

The high-pitched voices and the clatter of knives and forks allowed a
new-comer to enter the kitchen without being immediately observed. It
was a tall girl of interesting and vivacious appearance; she wore a
dress of tartan, a very small hat trimmed also with tartan and with a
red feather, a tippet of brown fur about her shoulders, and a muff of
the same material on one of her hands. Her figure was admirable; from
the crest of her gracefully poised head to the tip of her well-chosen
boot she was, in line and structure, the type of mature woman. Her
face, if it did not indicate a mind to match her frame, was at the
least sweet-featured and provoking; characterless somewhat, but void
of danger-signals; doubtless too good to be merely played with; in any
case, very capable of sending a ray, in one moment or another, to
the shadowy dreaming-place of graver thoughts. Alice Maud Mutimer was
nineteen. For two years she had been thus tall, but the grace of her
proportions had only of late fully determined itself. Her work in
the City warehouse was unexacting; she had even a faint impress of
rose-petal on each cheek, and her eye was excellently clear. Her lips,
unfortunately never quite closed, betrayed faultless teeth. Her likeness
to Richard was noteworthy; beyond question she understood the charm of
her presence, and one felt that the consciousness might, in her case,
constitute rather a safeguard than otherwise.

She stood with one hand on the door, surveying the table. When the
direction of Mrs. Mutimer’s eyes at length caused Richard and Daniel to
turn their heads, Alice nodded to each.

‘What noisy people! I heard you out in the square.’

She was moving past the table, but Daniel, suddenly backing his chair,
intercepted her. The girl gave him her hand, and, by way of being
jocose, he squeezed it so vehemently that she uttered a shrill ‘Oh!’

‘Leave go, Mr. Dabbs! Leave go, I tell you! How dare you? I’ll hit you
as hard as I can!’

Daniel laughed obstreperously.

‘Do! do!’ he cried. ‘What a mighty blow that ‘ud be! Only the left hand,
though. I shall get over it.’

She wrenched herself away, gave Daniel a smart slap on the back, and
ran round to the other side of the table, where she kissed Emma

‘How thirsty I am!’ she exclaimed. ‘You haven’t drunk all the beer, I

‘I’m not so sure of that,’ Dan replied. ‘Why, there ain’t more than ‘arf
a pint; that’s not much use for a Royal ‘Ighness.’

She poured it into a glass. Alice reached across the table, raised the
glass to her lips, and--emptied it. Then she threw off hat, tippet,
and gloves, and seated herself But in a moment she was up and at the

‘Now, mother, you don’t--you _don’t_ say as there’s not a pickle!’

Her tone was deeply reproachful.

‘Why, there now,’ replied her mother, laughing; ‘I knew what it ‘ud be!
I meant to a’ got them last night. You’ll have to make shift for once.’

The Princess took her seat with an air of much dejection. Her pretty
lips grew mutinous; she pushed her plate away.

‘No supper for me! The idea of cold meat without a pickle.’

‘What’s the time?’ cried Daniel. ‘Not closing time yet. I can get a
pickle at the “Duke’s Arms.” Give me a glass, Mrs. Mutimer.’

Alice looked up slily, half smiling, half doubtful.

‘You may go,’ she said. ‘I like to see strong men make themselves

Dan rose, and was off at once. He returned with the tumbler full of
pickled walnuts. Alice emptied half a dozen into her plate, and put
one of them whole into her mouth. She would not have been a girl of her
class if she had not relished this pungent dainty. Fish of any kind,
green vegetables, eggs and bacon, with all these a drench of vinegar was
indispensable to her. And she proceeded to eat a supper scarcely less
substantial than that which had appeased her brother’s appetite. Start
not, dear reader; the Princess is only a subordinate heroine, and
happens, moreover, to be a living creature.

‘Won’t you take a walnut, Miss Vine?’ Daniel asked, pushing the tumbler
to the quiet girl, who had scarcely spoken through the meal.

She declined the offered dainty, and at the same time rose from the
table, saying aside to Mrs. Mutimer that she must be going.

‘Yes, I suppose you must,’ was the reply. ‘Shall you have to sit up with

‘Not all night, I don’t expect.’

Richard likewise left his place, and, when she offered to bid him
good-night, said that he would walk a little way with her. In the
passage above, which was gas-lighted, he found his hat on a nail, and
the two left the house together.

‘Don’t you really mind?’ Emma asked, looking up into his face as they
took their way out of the square.

‘Not I! I can get a job at Baldwin’s any day. But I dare say I shan’t
want one long.’

‘Not want work?’

He laughed.

‘Work? Oh, plenty of work; but perhaps not the same kind. We want men
who can give their whole time to the struggle--to go about lecturing and
the like. Of course, it isn’t everybody can do it.’

The remark indicated his belief that he knew one man not incapable of
leading functions.

‘And would they pay you?’ Emma inquired, simply.

‘Expenses of that kind are inevitable,’ he replied.

Issuing into the New North Road, where there were still many people
hastening one way and the other, they turned to the left, crossed the
canal--black and silent--and were soon among narrow streets. Every
corner brought a whiff of some rank odour, which stole from closed shops
and warehouses, and hung heavily on the still air. The public-houses had
just extinguished their lights, and in the neighbourhood of each was a
cluster of lingering men and women, merry or disputatious. Mid-Easter
was inviting repose and festivity; to-morrow would see culmination of
riot, and after that it would only depend upon pecuniary resources how
long the muddled interval between holiday and renewed labour should drag
itself out.

The end of their walk was the entrance to a narrow passage, which, at a
few yards’ distance, widened itself and became a street of four-storeyed
houses. At present this could not be discerned; the passage was a mere
opening into massive darkness. Richard had just been making inquiries
about Emma’s sister.

‘You’ve had the doctor?’

‘Yes, we’re obliged; she does so dread going to the hospital again. Each
time she’s longer in getting well.’

Richard’s hand was in his pocket; he drew it out and pressed something
against the girl’s palm.

‘Oh, how can I?’ she said, dropping her eyes. ‘No--don’t--I’m ashamed.’

‘That’s all right,’ he urged, not unkindly. ‘You’ll have to get her what
the doctor orders, and it isn’t likely you and Kate can afford it.’

‘You’re always so kind, Richard. But I am--I am ashamed!’

‘I say, Emma, why don’t you call me Dick? I’ve meant to ask you that
many a time.’

She turned her face away, moving as if abashed.

‘I don’t know. It sounds--perhaps I want to make a difference from what
the others call you.’

He laughed with a sound of satisfaction.

‘Well, you mustn’t stand here; it’s a cold night. Try and come Tuesday
or Wednesday.’

‘Yes, I will.’

‘Good night!’ he said, and, as he held her hand, bent to the lips which
were ready.

Emma walked along the passage, and for some distance up the middle of
the street. Then she stopped and looked up at one of the black houses.
There were lights, more or less curtain-dimmed, in nearly all the
windows. Emma regarded a faint gleam in the topmost storey. To that she

Mutimer walked homewards at a quick step, whistling to himself. A
latch-key gave him admission. As he went down the kitchen stairs, he
heard his mother’s voice raised in anger, and on opening the door he
found that Daniel had departed, and that the supper table was already
cleared. Alice, her feet on the fender and her dress raised a little,
was engaged in warming herself before going to bed. The object of Mrs.
Mutimer’s chastisement was the youngest member of the family, known
as ‘Arry; even Richard, who had learnt to be somewhat careful in his
pronunciation, could not bestow the aspirate upon his brother’s name.
Henry, aged seventeen, promised to do credit to the Mutimers in physical
completeness; already he was nearly as tall as his eldest brother; and,
even in his lankness, showed the beginnings of well-proportioned vigour.
But the shape of his head, which was covered with hair of the lightest
hue, did not encourage hope of mental or moral qualities. It was not
quite fair to judge his face as seen at present; the vacant grin of half
timid, half insolent, resentment made him considerably more simian of
visage than was the case under ordinary circumstances. But the features
were unpleasant to look upon; it was Richard’s face, distorted and
enfeebled with impress of sensual instincts.

‘As long as you live in this house, it shan’t go on,’ his mother was
saying. ‘Sunday or Monday, it’s no matter; you’ll be home before eleven
o’clock, and you’ll come home sober. You’re no better than a pig!’

‘Arry was seated in a far corner of the room, where he had dropped his
body on entering. His attire was such as the cheap tailors turn out in
imitation of extreme fashions: trousers closely moulded upon the leg, a
huff waistcoat, a short coat with pockets everywhere. A very high collar
kept his head up against his will; his necktie was crimson, and passed
through a brass ring; he wore a silver watch-chain, or what seemed to be
such. One hand was gloved, and a cane lay across his knees. His attitude
was one of relaxed muscles, his legs very far apart, his body not quite

‘What d’ you call sober, I’d like to know?’ he replied, with looseness
of utterance. ‘I’m as sober ‘s anybody in this room. If a chap can’t go
out with ‘s friends ‘t Easter an’ all--?’

‘Easter, indeed! It’s getting to be a regular thing, Saturday and
Sunday. Get up and go to bed! I’ll have my say out with you in the
morning, young man.’

‘Go to bed!’ repeated the lad with scorn. ‘Tell you I ain’t had no

Richard had walked to the neighbourhood of the fireplace, and was
regarding his brother with anger and contempt. At this point of the
dialogue he interfered.

‘And you won’t have any, either, that I’ll see to! What’s more, you’ll
do as your mother bids you, or I’ll know the reason why. Go upstairs at

It was not a command to be disregarded. ‘Arry rose, but half-defiantly.

‘What have you to do with it? You’re not my master.’

‘Do you hear what I say?’ Richard observed, yet more autocratically.
‘Take yourself off, and at once!’

The lad growled, hesitated, but approached the door. His motion was
slinking; he could not face Richard’s eye. They heard him stumble up the


On ordinary days Richard of necessity rose early; a holiday did not lead
him to break the rule, for free hours were precious. He had his body
well under control; six hours of sleep he found sufficient to keep
him in health, and temptations to personal ease, in whatever form, he
resisted as a matter of principle.

Easter Monday found him down-stairs at half-past six. His mother would
to-day allow herself another hour. ‘Arry would be down just in time to
breakfast, not daring to be late. The Princess might be looked for--some
time in the course of the morning; she was licensed.

Richard, for purposes of study, used the front parlour. In drawing
up the blind, he disclosed a room precisely resembling in essential
features hundreds of front parlours in that neighbourhood, or, indeed,
in any working-class district of London. Everything was clean; most
things were bright-hued or glistening of surface. There was the
gilt-framed mirror over the mantelpiece, with a yellow clock--which
did not go--and glass ornaments in front. There was a small round table
before the window, supporting wax fruit under a glass case. There was
a hearthrug with a dazzling pattern of imaginary flowers. On the blue
cloth of the middle table were four showily-bound volumes, arranged
symmetrically. On the head of the sofa lay a covering worked of blue
and yellow Berlin wools. Two arm-chairs were draped with long white
antimacassars, ready to slip off at a touch. As in the kitchen, there
was a smell of cleanlines--of furniture polish, hearthstone, and

I should mention the ornaments of the walls. The pictures were: a
striking landscape of the Swiss type, an engraved portrait of Garibaldi,
an unframed view of a certain insurance office, a British baby on a
large scale from the Christmas number of an illustrated paper.

The one singular feature of the room was a small, glass-doored bookcase,
full of volumes. They were all of Richard’s purchasing; to survey them
was to understand the man, at all events on his intellectual side.
Without exception they belonged to that order of literature which, if
studied exclusively and for its own sake,--as here it was,--brands a man
indelibly, declaring at once the incompleteness of his education and the
deficiency of his instincts. Social, political, religious,--under
these three heads the volumes classed themselves, and each class was
represented by productions of the ‘extreme’ school. The books which a
bright youth of fair opportunities reads as a matter of course, rejoices
in for a year or two, then throws aside for ever, were here treasured to
be the guides of a lifetime. Certain writers of the last century, long
ago become only historically interesting, were for Richard an armoury
whence he girded himself for the battles of the day; cheap reprints or
translations of Malthus, of Robert Owen, of Volney’s ‘Ruins,’ of Thomas
Paine, of sundry works of Voltaire, ranked upon his shelves. Moreover,
there was a large collection of pamphlets, titled wonderfully and of yet
more remarkable contents, the authoritative utterances of contemporary
gentlemen--and ladies--who made it the end of their existence to prove:
that there cannot by any possibility be such a person as Satan; that the
story of creation contained in the Book of Genesis is on no account
to be received; that the begetting of children is a most deplorable
oversight; that to eat flesh is wholly unworthy of a civilised being;
that if every man and woman performed their quota of the world’s labour
it would be necessary to work for one hour and thirty-seven minutes
daily, no jot longer, and that the author, in each case, is the one
person capable of restoring dignity to a down-trodden race and happiness
to a blasted universe. Alas, alas! On this food had Richard Mutimer
pastured his soul since he grew to manhood, on this and this only.
English literature was to him a sealed volume; poetry he scarcely knew
by name; of history he was worse than ignorant, having looked at this
period and that through distorting media, and congratulating himself on
his clear vision because he saw men as trees walking; the bent of
his mind would have led him to natural science, but opportunities of
instruction were lacking, and the chosen directors of his prejudice
taught him to regard every fact, every discovery, as _for_ or _against_

A library of pathetic significance, the individual alone considered.
Viewed as representative, not without alarming suggestiveness to those
who can any longer trouble themselves about the world’s future. One
dreams of the age when free thought--in the popular sense--will have
become universal, when art shall have lost its meaning, worship its
holiness, when the Bible will only exist in ‘comic’ editions, and
Shakespeare be down-cried by ‘most sweet voices as a mountebank of
reactionary tendencies.

Richard was to lecture on the ensuing Sunday at one of the branch
meeting-places of his society; he engaged himself this morning in
collecting certain data of a statistical kind. He was still at his work
when the sound of the postman’s knock began to be heard in the square,
coming from house to house, drawing nearer at each repetition. Richard
paid no heed to it; he expected no letter. Yet it seemed there was
one for some member of the family; the letter-carrier’s regular tread
ascended the five steps to the door, and then two small thunderclaps
echoed through the house. There was no letter-box; Richard went to
answer the knock. An envelope addressed to himself in a small, formal

His thoughts still busy with other things, he opened the letter
mechanically as he re-entered the room. He had never in his life been
calmer; the early hour of study had kept his mind pleasantly active
whilst his breakfast appetite sharpened itself. Never was man less
prepared to receive startling intelligence.

He read, then raised his eyes and let them stray from the papers on the
table to the wax-fruit before the window, thence to the young leafage
of the trees around the Baptist Chapel. He was like a man whose face had
been overflashed by lightning. He read again, then, holding the letter
behind him, closed his right hand upon his beard with thoughtful
tension. He read a third time, then returned the letter to its envelope,
put it in his pocket, and sat down again to his book.

He was summoned to breakfast in ten minutes. His mother was alone in
the kitchen; she gave him his bloater and his cup of coffee, and he cut
himself a solid slice of bread and butter.

‘Was the letter for you?’ she asked.

He replied with a nod, and fell patiently to work on the dissection of
his bony delicacy. In five minutes Henry approached the table with a
furtive glance at his elder brother. But Richard had no remark to make.
The meal proceeded in silence.

When Richard had finished, he rose and said to his mother--

‘Have you that railway-guide I brought home a week ago?’

‘I believe I have somewhere. Just look in the cupboard.’

The guide was found. Richard consulted it for a few moments.

‘I have to go out of London,’ he then observed. ‘It’s just possible I
shan’t get back to-night.’

A little talk followed about the arrangements of the day, and whether
anyone was likely to be at home for dinner. Richard did not show much
interest in the matter; he went upstairs whistling, and changed the
clothing he wore for his best suit. In a quarter of an hour he had left
the house.

He did not return till the evening of the following day. It was presumed
that he had gone ‘after a job.’

When he reached home his mother and Alice were at tea. He walked to
the kitchen fireplace, turned his back to it, and gazed with a peculiar
expression at the two who sat at table.

‘Dick’s got work,’ observed Alice, after a glance at him. ‘I can see
that in his face.’.

‘Have you, Dick?’ asked Mrs. Mutimer.

‘I have. Work likely to last.’

‘So we’ll hope,’ commented his mother. ‘Where is it?’

‘A good way out of London. Pour me a cup, mother. Where’s ‘Arry?’

‘Gone out, as usual.’

‘And why are you having tea with your hat on, Princess?’

‘Because I’m in a hurry, if you must know everything.’

Richard did not seek further information. He drank his tea standing. In
five minutes Alice had bustled away for an evening with friends. Mrs.
Mutimer cleared the table without speaking.

‘Now get your sewing, mother, and sit down,’ began Richard. ‘I want to
have a talk with you.’

The mother cast a rather suspicious glance. There was an impressiveness
in the young man’s look and tone which disposed her to obey without

‘How long is it,’ Richard asked, when attention waited upon him, ‘since
you heard anything of father’s uncle, my namesake?’

Mrs. Mutimer’s face exhibited the dawning of intelligence, an
unwrinkling here and there, a slight rounding of the lips.

‘Why, what of him?’ she asked in an undertone, leaving a needle

‘The old man’s just dead.’

Agitation seized the listener, agitation of a kind most unusual in her.
Her hands trembled, her eyes grew wide.

‘You haven’t heard anything of him lately?’ pursued Richard.

‘Heard? Not I. No more did your father ever since two years afore we was
married. I’d always thought he was dead long ago. What of him, Dick?’

‘From what I’m told I thought you’d perhaps been keeping things to
yourself. ‘Twouldn’t have been unlike you, mother. He knew all about us,
so the lawyer tells me.’

‘The lawyer?’

‘Well, I’d better out with it. He’s died without a will. His real
property--that means his houses and land--belongs to me; his personal
property--that’s his money--‘ll have to be divided between me, and
Alice, and ‘Arry. You’re out of the sharing, mother.’

He said it jokingly, but Mrs. Mutimer did not join in his laugh. Her
palms were closely pressed together; still trembling, she gazed straight
before her, with a far-off look.

‘His houses--his land?’ she murmured, as if she had not quite heard.
‘What did he want with more than one house?’

The absurd question was all that could find utterance. She seemed to be
reflecting on that point.

‘Would you like to hear what it all comes to?’ Richard resumed. His
voice was unnatural, forcibly suppressed, quivering at pauses. His eyes
gleamed, and there was a centre of warm colour on each of his cheeks. He
had taken a note-book from his pocket, and the leaves rustled under his
tremulous fingers.

‘The lawyer, a man called Yottle, just gave me an idea of the different
investments and so on. The real property consists of a couple of houses
in Belwick, both let, and an estate at a place called Wanley. The old
man had begun mining there; there’s iron. I’ve got my ideas about that.
I didn’t go into the house; people are there still. Now the income.’

He read his notes: So much in railways, so much averaged yearly from
iron-works in Belwick, so much in foreign securities, so much disposable
at home. Total--

‘Stop, Dick, stop!’ uttered his mother, under her breath. ‘Them figures
frighten me; I don’t know what they mean. It’s a mistake; they’re
leading you astray. Now, mind what I say--there’s a mistake! No man with
all that money ‘ud die without a will. You won’t get me to believe it,

Richard laughed excitedly. ‘Believe it or not, mother; I’ve got my ears
and eyes, I hope. And there’s a particular reason why he left no will.
There was one, but something--I don’t know what--happened just before
his death, and he was going to make a new one. The will was burnt. He
died in church on a Sunday morning; if he’d lived another day, he’d have
made a new will. It’s no more a mistake than the Baptist Chapel is in
the square!’ A comparison which hardly conveyed all Richard’s meaning;
but he was speaking in agitation, more and more quickly, at last almost

Mrs. Mutimer raised her hand. ‘Be quiet a bit, Dick. It’s took me too
sudden. I feel queer like.’

There was silence. The mother rose as if with difficulty, and drew water
in a tea-cup from the filter. When she resumed her place, her hands
prepared to resume sewing. She looked up, solemnly, sternly.

‘Dick, it’s bad, bad news! I’m an old woman, and I must say what I
think. It upsets me; it frightens me. I thought he might a’ left you a
hundred pounds.’

‘Mother, don’t talk about it till you’ve had time to think,’ said
Richard, stubbornly. ‘If this is bad news, what the deuce would you call
good? Just because I’ve been born and bred a mechanic, does that say
I’ve got no common sense or self-respect? Are you afraid I shall go
and drink myself to death? You talk like the people who make it their
business to sneer at us--the improvidence of the working classes, and
such d--d slander. It’s good news for me, and it’ll be good news for
many another man. Wait and see.’

The mother became silent, keeping her lips tight, and struggling to
regain her calmness. She was not convinced, but in argument with her
eldest son she always gave way, affection and the pride she had in him
aiding her instincts of discretion. In practice she still maintained
something of maternal authority, often gaining her point by merely
seeming offended. To the two who had not yet reached the year of
emancipation she allowed, in essentials, no appeal from her decision.
Between her and Richard there had been many a sharp conflict in former
days, invariably ending with the lad’s submission; the respect which his
mother exacted he in truth felt to be her due, and it was now long since
they had openly been at issue on any point. Mrs. Mutimer’s views were
distinctly Conservative, and hitherto she had never taken Richard’s
Radicalism seriously; on the whole she had regarded it as a fairly
harmless recreation for his leisure hours--decidedly preferable to a
haunting of public-houses and music-halls. The loss of his employment
caused her a good deal of uneasiness, but she had not ventured to do
more than throw out hints of her disapproval; and now, as it seemed, the
matter was of no moment. Henceforth she had far other apprehensions, but
this first conflict of their views made her reticent.

‘Just let me tell you how things stand,’ Richard pursued, when his
excitement had somewhat subsided; and he went on to explain the
relations between old Mr. Mutimer and the Eldons, which in outline had
been described to him by Mr. Yottle. And then--

‘The will he had made left all the property to this young Eldon, who was
to be trustee for a little money to be doled out to me yearly, just to
save me from ruining myself, of course.’ Richard’s lips curled in scorn.
‘I don’t know whether the lawyer thought we ought to offer to give
everything up; he seemed precious anxious to make me understand that the
old man had never intended us to have it, and that he _did_ want these
other people to have it. Of course, we’ve nothing to do with that.
Luck’s luck, and I think I know who’ll make best use of it.’

‘Why didn’t you tell all this when Alice was here?’ inquired his mother,
seeming herself again, though very grave.

‘I’ll tell you. I thought it over, and it seems to me it’ll be better if
Alice and ‘Arry wait a while before they know what’ll come to them.
They can’t take anything till they’re twenty-one. Alice is a good girl,

He hesitated, having caught his mother’s eye. He felt that this
prudential course justified in a measure her anxiety.

‘She’s a girl,’ he pursued, ‘and we know that a girl with a lot o’ money
gets run after by men who care nothing about her and a good deal about
the money. Then it’s quite certain ‘Arry won’t be any the better for
fancying himself rich. H’s going to give us trouble as it is, I can see
that. We shall have to take another house, of course, and we can’t keep
them from knowing that there’s money fallen to me. But there’s no need
to talk about the figures, and if we can make them think it’s only me
that’s better off, so much the better. Alice needn’t go to work, and I’m
glad of it; a girl’s proper place is at home. You can tell her you want
her to help in the new house. ‘Arry had better keep his place awhile.
I shouldn’t wonder if I find work for him myself before long I’ve got
plans, but I shan’t talk about them just yet.’

He spoke then of the legal duties which fell upon him as next-of-kin,
explaining the necessity of finding two sureties on taking out letters
of administration. Mr. Yottle had offered himself for one; the other
Richard hoped to find in Mr. Westlake, a leader of the Socialist

‘You want us to go into a big house?’ asked Mrs. Mutimer. She seemed to
pay little attention to the wider aspects of the change, but to fix
on the details she could best understand, those which put her fears in
palpable shape.

‘I didn’t say a big one, but a larger than this. We’re not going to play
the do-nothing gentlefolk; but all the same our life won’t and can’t be
what it has been. There’s no choice. You’ve worked hard all your life,
mother, and it’s only fair you should come in for a bit of rest. We’ll
find a house somewhere out Green Lanes way, or in Highbury or Holloway.’

He laughed again.

‘So there’s the best of it--the worst of it, as you say. Just take a
night to turn it over. Most likely I shall go to Belwick again to-morrow

He paused, and his mother, after bending her head to bite off an end of
cotton, asked--

‘You’ll tell Emma?’

‘I shall go round to-night.’

A little later Richard left the house for this purpose. His step was
firmer than ever, his head more upright Walking along the crowded
streets, he saw nothing; there was a fixed smile on his lips, the smile
of a man to whom the world pays tribute. Never having suffered actual
want, and blessed with sanguine temperament, he knew nothing of that
fierce exultation, that wrathful triumph over fate, which comes to men
of passionate mood smitten by the lightning-flash of unhoped prosperity.
At present he was well-disposed to all men; even against capitalists and
‘profitmongers’ he could not have railed heartily Capitalists? Was he
not one himself? Aye, but he would prove himself such a one as you do
not meet with every day; and the foresight of deeds which should draw
the eyes of men upon him, which should shout his name abroad, softened
his judgments with the charity of satisfied ambition. He would be the
glorified representative of his class. He would show the world how a
self-taught working man conceived the duties and privileges of wealth.
He would shame those dunder-headed, callous-hearted aristocrats, those
ravening bourgeois. Opportunity--what else had he wanted? No longer
would his voice be lost in petty lecture-halls, answered only by the
applause of a handful of mechanics. Ere many months had passed, crowds
should throng to hear him; his gospel would be trumpeted over the land.
To what might he not attain? The educated, the refined, men and women--

He was at the entrance of a dark passage, where his feet stayed
themselves by force of habit. He turned out of the street, and walked
more slowly towards the house in which Emma Vine and her sisters lived.
Having reached the door, he paused, but again took a few paces forward.
Then he came back and rang the uppermost of five bells. In waiting, he
looked vaguely up and down the street.

It was Emma herself who opened to him. The dim light showed a smile of
pleasure and surprise.

‘You’ve come to ask about Jane?’ she said. ‘She hasn’t been quite so bad
since last night.’

‘I’m glad to hear it. Can I come up?’

‘Will you?’

He entered, and Emma closed the door. It was pitch dark.

‘I wish I’d brought a candle down,’ Emma said, moving back along the
passage. ‘Mind there’s a pram at the foot of the stairs.’

The perambulator was avoided successfully by both, and they ascended
the bare boards of the staircase. On each landing prevailed a distinct
odour; first came the damp smell of newly-washed clothes, then the
scent of fried onions, then the workroom of some small craftsman exhaled
varnish. The topmost floor seemed the purest; it was only stuffy.

Richard entered an uncarpeted room which had to serve too many distinct
purposes to allow of its being orderly in appearance. In one corner was
a bed, where two little children lay asleep; before the window stood a
sewing-machine, about which was heaped a quantity of linen; a table in
the midst was half covered with a cloth, on which was placed a loaf and
butter, the other half being piled with several dresses requiring the
needle. Two black patches on the low ceiling showed in what positions
the lamp stood by turns.

Emma’s eldest sister was moving about the room. Hers were the children;
her husband had been dead a year or more. She was about thirty years of
age, and had a slatternly appearance; her face was peevish, and seemed
to grudge the half-smile with which it received the visitor.

‘You’ve no need to look round you,’ she said. ‘We’re in & regular
pig-stye, and likely to be. Where’s there a chair?’

She shook some miscellaneous articles on to the floor to provide a seat.

‘For mercy’s sake don’t speak too loud, and wake them children. Bertie’s
had the earache; he’s been crying all day. What with him and Jane we’ve
had a blessing, I can tell you. Can I put these supper things away,

‘I’ll do it,’ was the other’s reply. ‘Won’t you have a bit more, Kate?’

‘I’ve got no mind for eating. Well, you may cut a slice and put it on
the mantelpiece. I’ll go and sit with Jane.’

Richard sat and looked about the room absently. The circumstances of his
own family had never fallen below the point at which it is possible to
have regard for decency; the growing up of himself and of his brothers
and sister had brought additional resources to meet extended needs, and
the Mutimer characteristics had formed a safeguard against improvidence.
He was never quite at his ease in this poverty-cumbered room, which he
seldom visited.

‘You ought to have a fire,’ he said.

‘There’s one in the other room,’ replied Kate. ‘One has to serve us.’

‘But you can’t cook there.’

‘Cook? We can boil a potato, and that’s about all the cooking we can do

She moved to the door as she spoke, and, before leaving the room, took
advantage of Richard’s back being turned to make certain exhortatory
signs to her sister. Emma averted her head.

Kate closed the door behind her. Emma, having removed the eatables to
the cupboard, came near to Richard and placed her arm gently upon his
shoulders. He looked at her kindly.

‘Kate’s been so put about with Bertie,’ she said, in a tone of excuse.
‘And she was up nearly all last night.’

‘She never takes things like you do,’ Richard remarked.

‘She’s got more to bear. There’s the children always making her anxious.
She took Alf to the hospital this afternoon, and the doctor says he must
have--I forget the name, somebody’s food. But it’s two-and-ninepence for
ever such a little tin. They don’t think as his teeth ‘ll ever come.’

‘Oh, I daresay they will,’ said Richard encouragingly.

He had put his arm about her. Emma knelt down by him, and rested her
head against his shoulder.

‘I’m tired,’ she whispered. ‘I’ve had to go twice to the Minories
to-day. I’m so afraid I shan’t be able to hold my eyes open with Jane,
and Kate’s tireder still.’

She did not speak as if seeking for sympathy it was only the natural
utterance of her thoughts in a moment of restful confidence. Uttermost
weariness was a condition too familiar to the girl to be spoken of in
any but a patient, matter-of-fact tone. But it was priceless soothing
to let her forehead repose against the heart whose love was the one and
sufficient blessing of her life. Her brown hair was very soft and fine;
a lover of another kind would have pressed his lips upon it. Richard was
thinking of matters more practical. At another time his indignation--in
such a case right good and manful--would have boiled over at the thought
of these poor women crushed in slavery to feed the world’s dastard
selfishness; this evening his mood was more complaisant, and he smiled
as one at ease.

‘Hadn’t you better give up your work?’ he said.

Emma raised her head. In the few moments of repose her eyelids had
drooped with growing heaviness; she looked at him as if she had just
been awakened to some great surprise.

‘Give up work? How can I?’

‘I think I would. You’d have more time to give to Jane, and you could
sleep in the day. And Jane had better not begin again after this. Don’t
you think it would be better if you left these lodgings and took a
house, where there’d be plenty of room and fresh air?’

‘Richard, what are you talking about?’

He laughed, quietly, on account of the sleeping children.

‘How would you like,’ he continued, ‘to go and live in the country? Kate
and Jane could have a house of their own, you know--in London, I mean,
a house like ours; they could let a room or two if they chose. Then
you and I could go where we liked. I was down in the Midland Counties
yesterday; had to go on business; and I saw a house that would just suit
us. It’s a bit large; I daresay there’s sixteen or twenty rooms. And
there’s trees growing all about it; a big garden--’

Emma dropped her head again and laughed, happy that Richard should jest
with her so good-humouredly; for he did not often talk in the lighter
way. She had read of such houses in the weekly story-papers. It must be
nice to live in them; it must be nice to be a denizen of Paradise.

‘I’m in earnest, Emma.’

His voice caused her to gaze at him again.

‘Bring a chair,’ he said, ‘and I’ll tell you something that’ll--keep you

The insensible fellow! Her sweet, pale, wondering face was so close to
his, the warmth of her drooping frame was against his heart--and he
bade her sit apart to listen.

She placed herself as he desired, sitting with her hands together in her
lap, her countenance troubled a little, wishing to smile, yet not quite
venturing. And he told his story, told it in all details, with figures
that filled the mouth, that rolled forth like gold upon the bank-scales.

‘This is mine,’ he said, ‘mine and yours.’

Have you seen a child listening to a long fairy tale, every page a
new adventure of wizardry, a story of elf, or mermaid, or gnome, of
treasures underground guarded by enchanted monsters, of bells heard
silverly in the depth of old forests, of castles against the sunset,
of lakes beneath the quiet moon? Know you how light gathers in the eyes
dreaming on vision after vision, ever more intensely realised, yet ever
of an unknown world? How, when at length the reader’s voice is silent,
the eyes still see, the ears still hear, until a movement breaks the
spell, and with a deep, involuntary sigh the little one gazes here and
there, wondering?

So Emma listened, and so she came back to consciousness, looking about
the room, incredulous. Had she been overcome with weariness? Had she
slept and dreamt?

One of the children stirred and uttered a little wailing sound. She
stepped lightly to the bedside, bent for a moment, saw that all was
well again, and came back on tip-toe. The simple duty had quieted her
throbbing heart. She seated herself as before.

‘What about the country house now?’ said Richard.

‘I don’t know what to say. It’s more than I can take into my head.’

‘You’re not going to say, like mother did, that it was the worst piece
of news she’d ever heard?’

‘Your mother said that?’

Emma was startled. Had her thought passed lightly over some danger? She
examined her mind rapidly.

‘I suppose she said it,’ Richard explained, ‘just because she didn’t
know what else to say, that’s about the truth. But there certainly is
one thing I’m a little anxious about, myself. I don’t care for either
Alice or ‘Arry to know the details of this windfall. They won’t come in
for their share till they’re of age, and it’s just as well they should
think it’s only a moderate little sum. So don’t talk about it, Emma.’

The girl was still musing on Mrs. Mutimer’s remark; she merely shook her

‘You didn’t think you were going to marry a man with his thousands
and be a lady? Well, I shall have more to say in a day or two. But at
present my idea is that mother and the rest of them shall go into a
larger house, and that you and Kate and Jane shall take our place. I
don’t know how long it’ll be before those Eldon people can get out
of Wanley Manor, but as soon as they do, why then there’s nothing to
prevent you and me going into it. Will that suit you, Em?’

‘We shall really live in that big house?’

‘Certainly we shall. I’ve got a life’s work before me there, as far as
I can see at present. The furniture belongs to Mrs. Eldon, I believe;
we’ll furnish the place to suit ourselves.’

‘May I tell my sisters, Richard?’

‘Just tell them that I’ve come in for some money and a house, perhaps
that’s enough. And look here, I’ll leave you this five-pound note to go
on with. You must get Jane whatever the doctor says. And throw all that
sewing out of the windows; we’ll have no more convict labour. Tell Jane
to get well just as soon as it suits her.’

‘But--all this money?’

‘I’ve plenty. The lawyer advanced me some for present needs. Now it’s
getting late, I must go. I’ll write and tell you when I shall be home

He held out his hand, but the girl embraced him with the restrained
tenderness which in her spoke so eloquently.

‘Are you glad, Emma?’ he asked.

‘Very glad, for your sake.’

‘And just a bit for your own, eh?’

‘I never thought about money,’ she answered. ‘It was quite enough to be
your wife.’

It was the simple truth.


At eleven o’clock the next morning Richard presented himself at the door
of a house in Avenue Road, St. John’s Wood, and expressed a desire to
see Mr. Westlake. That gentleman was at home; he received the visitor
in his study--a spacious room luxuriously furnished, with a large
window looking upon a lawn. The day was sunny and warm, but a clear
fire equalised the temperature of the room. There was an odour of good
tobacco, always most delightful when it blends with the scent of rich

It was Richard’s first visit to this house. A few days ago he would,
in spite of himself, have been somewhat awed by the man-servant at the
door, the furniture of the hall, the air of refinement in the room he
entered. At present he smiled on everything. Could he not command the
same as soon as he chose?

Mr. Westlake rose from his writing-table and greeted his visitor with a
hearty grip of the hand. He was a man pleasant to look upon; his face,
full of intellect, shone with the light of good-will, and the easy
carelessness of his attire prepared one for the genial sincerity which
marked his way of speaking. He wore a velvet jacket, a grey waistcoat
buttoning up to the throat, grey trousers, fur-bordered slippers; his
collar was very deep, and instead of the ordinary shirt-cuffs, his
wrists were enclosed in frills. Long-haired, full-bearded, he had
the forehead of an idealist and eyes whose natural expression was an
indulgent smile.

A man of letters, he had struggled from obscure poverty to success and
ample means; at three-and-thirty he was still hard pressed to make both
ends meet, but the ten subsequent years had built for him this pleasant
home and banished his long familiar anxieties to the land of nightmare.
‘It came just in time,’ he was in the habit of saying to those who had
his confidence. ‘I was at the point where a man begins to turn sour, and
I should have soured in earnest.’ The process had been most effectually
arrested. People were occasionally found to say that his books had a
tang of acerbity; possibly this was the safety-valve at work, a hint of
what might have come had the old hunger-demons kept up their goading. In
the man himself you discovered an extreme simplicity of feeling, a
frank tenderness, a noble indignation. For one who knew him it was not
difficult to understand that he should have taken up extreme social
views, still less that he should act upon his convictions. All his
writing foretold such a possibility, though on the other hand it
exhibited devotion to forms of culture which do not as a rule predispose
to democratic agitation. The explanation was perhaps too simple to be
readily hit upon; the man was himself so supremely happy that with his
disposition the thought of tyrannous injustice grew intolerable to him.
Some incidents happened to set his wrath blazing, and henceforth, in
spite of not a little popular ridicule and much shaking of the head
among his friends, Mr. Westlake had his mission.

‘I have come to ask your advice and help,’ began Mutimer with
directness. He was conscious of the necessity of subduing his voice, and
had a certain pleasure in the ease with which he achieved this feat. It
would not have been so easy a day or two ago.

‘Ah, about this awkward affair of yours,’ observed Mr. Westlake with
reference to Richard’s loss of his employment, of which, as editor of
the Union’s weekly paper, he had of course at once been apprised.

‘No, not about that. Since then a very unexpected thing has happened to

The story was once more related, vastly to Mr. Westlake’s satisfaction.
Cheerful news concerning his friends always put him in the best of

He shook his head, laughing.

‘Come, come, Mutimer, this’ll never do! I’m not sure that we shall not
have to consider your expulsion from the Union.’

Richard went on to mention the matters of legal routine in which he
hoped Mr. Westlake would serve him. These having been settled--

‘I wish to speak of something more important,’ he said. ‘You take it
for granted, I hope, that I’m not going to make the ordinary use of this
fortune. As yet I’ve only been able to hit on a few general ideas; I’m
clear as to the objects I shall keep before me, but how best to serve
them wants more reflection. I thought if I talked it over with you in
the first place--’

The door opened, and a lady half entered the room.

‘Oh, I thought you were alone,’ she remarked to Mr. Westlake. ‘Forgive

‘Come in! Here’s our friend Mutimer. You know Mrs. Westlake?’

A few words had passed between this lady and Richard in the lecture-room
a few weeks before. She was not frequently present at such meetings,
but had chanced, on the occasion referred to, to hear Mutimer deliver an

‘You have no objection to talk of your plans? Join our council, will
you?’ he added to his wife. ‘Our friend brings interesting news.’

Mrs. Westlake walked across the room to the curved window-seat. Her
age could scarcely be more than three- or four-and-twenty; she was very
dark, and her face grave almost to melancholy. Black hair, cut short at
its thickest behind her neck, gave exquisite relief to features of the
purest Greek type. In listening to anything that held her attention her
eyes grew large, and their dark orbs seemed to dream passionately. The
white swan’s down at her throat--she was perfectly attired--made the
skin above resemble rich-hued marble, and indeed to gaze at her long was
to be impressed as by the sad loveliness of a supreme work of art. As
Mutimer talked she leaned forward, her elbow on her knee, the back of
her hand supporting her chin.

Her husband recounted what Richard had told him, and the latter
proceeded to sketch the projects he had in view.

‘My idea is,’ he said, ‘to make the mines at Wanley the basis of great
industrial undertakings, just as any capitalist might, but to conduct
these undertakings in a way consistent with our views. I would begin by
building furnaces, and in time add engineering works on a large scale.
I would build houses for the men, and in fact make that valley an
industrial settlement conducted on Socialist principles. Practically
I can devote the whole of my income; my personal expenses will not be
worth taking into account. The men must be paid on a just scheme,
and the margin of profit that remains, all that we can spare from the
extension of the works, shall be devoted to the Socialist propaganda. In
fact, I should like to make the executive committee of the Union a sort
of board of directors--and in a very different sense from the usual--for
the Wanley estate. My personal expenditure deducted, I should like such
a committee to have the practical control of funds. All this wealth was
made by plunder of the labouring class, and I shall hold it as trustee
for them. Do these ideas seem to you of a practical colour?’

Mr. Westlake nodded slowly twice. His wife kept her listening attitude
unchanged; her eyes ‘dreamed against a distant goal.’

‘As I see the scheme,’ pursued Richard, who spoke all along somewhat in
the lecture-room tone, the result of a certain embarrassment, ‘it will
differ considerably from the Socialist experiments we know of. We shall
be working not only to support ourselves, but every bit as much set on
profit as any capitalist in Belwick. The difference is, that the profit
will benefit no individual, but the Cause. There’ll be no attempt
to carry out the idea of every man receiving the just outcome of his
labour; not because I shouldn’t be willing to share in that way, but
simply because we have a greater end in view than to enrich ourselves.
Our men must all be members of the Union, and their prime interest must
be the advancement of the principles of the Union. We shall be able to
establish new papers, to hire halls, and to spread ourselves over the
country. It’ll be fighting the capitalist manufacturers with their own
weapons. I can see plenty of difficulties, of course. All England ‘ll be
against us. Never mind, we’ll defy them all, and we’ll win. It’ll be the
work of my life, and we’ll see if an honest purpose can’t go as far as a
thievish one.’

The climax would have brought crashing cheers at Commonwealth Hall;
in Mr. Westlake’s study it was received with well-bred expressions of

‘Well, Mutimer,’ exclaimed the idealist, ‘all this is intensely
interesting, and right glorious for us. One sees at last a possibility
of action. I ask nothing better than to be allowed to work with you. It
happens very luckily that you are a practical engineer. I suppose
the mechanical details of the undertaking are entirely within your

‘Not quite, at present,’ Mutimer admitted, ‘but I shall have valuable
help. Yesterday I had a meeting with a man named Rodman, a mining
engineer, who has been working on the estate. He seems just the man I
shall want; a Socialist already, and delighted to join in the plans I
just hinted to him.’

‘Capital! Do you propose, then, that we shall call a special meeting of
the Committee? Or would you prefer to suggest a committee of your own?’

‘No, I think our own committee will do very well, at all events for the
present. The first thing, of course, is to get the financial details
of our scheme put into shape. I go to Belwick again this afternoon; my
solicitor must get his business through as soon as possible.’

‘You will reside for the most part at Wanley?’

‘At the Manor, yes. It is occupied just now, but I suppose will soon be

‘Do you know that part of the country, Stella?’ Mr. Westlake asked of
his wife.

She roused herself, drawing in her breath, and uttered a short negative.

‘As soon as I get into the house,’ Richard resumed to Mr. Westlake,
‘I hope you’ll come and examine the place. It’s unfortunate that the
railway misses it by about three miles, but Rodman tells me we can
easily run a private line to Agworth station. However, the first thing
is to get our committee at work on the scheme.’ Richard repeated this
phrase with gusto. ‘Perhaps you could bring it up at the Saturday

‘You’ll be in town on Saturday?’

‘Yes; I have a lecture in Islington on Sunday.’

‘Saturday will do, then. Is this confidential?’

‘Not at all. We may as well get as much encouragement out of it as we
can. Don’t you think so?’


Richard did not give expression to his thought that a paragraph on the
subject in the Union’s weekly organ, the ‘Fiery Cross,’ might be the
best way of promoting such encouragement; but he delayed his departure
for a few minutes with talk round about the question of the prudence
which must necessarily be observed in publishing a project so
undigested. Mr. Westlake, who was responsible for the paper, was not
likely to transgress the limits of good taste, and when Richard, on
Saturday morning, searched eagerly the columns of the ‘Cross,’ he was
not altogether satisfied with the extreme discretion which marked a
brief paragraph among those headed: ‘From Day to Day.’ However, many
of the readers were probably by that time able to supply the missing

It was not the fault of Daniel Dabbs if members of the Hoxton and
Islington branch of the Union read the paragraph without understanding
to whom it referred. Daniel was among the first to hear of what had
befallen the Mutimer family, and from the circle of his fellow-workmen
the news spread quickly. Talk was rife on the subject of Mutimer’s
dismissal from Longwood Brothers’, and the sensational rumour
which followed so quickly found an atmosphere well prepared for its
transmission. Hence the unusual concourse at the meeting-place in
Islington next Sunday evening, where, as it became known to others
besides Socialists, Mutimer was engaged to lecture. Richard experienced
some vexation that his lecture was not to be at Commonwealth Hall, where
the gathering would doubtless have been much larger.

The Union was not wealthy. The central hall was rented at Mr. Westlake’s
expense; two or three branches were managing with difficulty to support
regular places of assembly, such as could not being obliged as yet to
content themselves with open-air lecturing. In Islington the leaguers
met in a room behind a coffee-shop, ordinarily used for festive
purposes; benches were laid across the floor, and an estrade at the
upper end exalted chairman and lecturer. The walls were adorned with
more or less striking advertisements of non-alcoholic beverages, and
with a few prints from the illustrated papers. The atmosphere was
tobaccoey, and the coffee-shop itself, through which the visitors had to
make their way, suggested to the nostrils that bloaters are the working
man’s chosen delicacy at Sunday tea. A table just within the door of the
lecture-room exposed for sale sundry Socialist publications, the latest
issue of the ‘Fiery Cross’ in particular.

Richard was wont to be among the earliest arrivals: to-night he was
full ten minutes behind the hour for which the lecture was advertised.
A group of friends were standing about the table near the door; they
received him with a bustle which turned all eyes thitherwards. He walked
up the middle of the room to the platform. As soon as he was well in
the eye of the meeting, a single pair of hands--Daniel Dabbs owned
them--gave the signal for uproar; feet made play on the boarding, and
one or two of the more enthusiastic revolutionists fairly gave tongue.
Richard seated himself with grave countenance, and surveyed the
assembly; from fifty to sixty people were present, among them three or
four women, and the number continued to grow. The chairman and one or
two leading spirits had followed Mutimer to the place of distinction,
where they talked with him.

Punctuality was not much regarded at these meetings; the lecture was
announced for eight, but rarely began before half-past The present being
an occasion of exceptional interest, twenty minutes past the hour saw
the chairman rise for his prefatory remarks. He was a lank man of jovial
countenance and jerky enunciation. There was no need, he observed, to
introduce a friend and comrade so well known to them as the lecturer of
the evening. ‘We’re always glad to hear him, and to-night, if I may
be allowed to ‘int as much, we’re _particularly_ glad to hear him.
Our friend and comrade is going to talk to us about the Land. It’s a
question we can’t talk or think too much about, and Comrade Mutimer has
thought about it as much and more than any of us, I think I may say.
I don’t know,’ the chairman added, with a sly look across the room,
‘whether our friend’s got any new views on this subject of late. I
shouldn’t wonder if he had.’ Here sounded a roar of laughter, led off by
Daniel Dabbs. ‘Hows’ever, be that as it may, we can answer for it as
any views he may hold is the right views, and the honest views, and
the views of a man as means to do a good deal more than talk about his

Again did the stentor-note of Daniel ring forth, and it was amid
thunderous cheering that Richard left his chair and moved to the front
of the platform. His Sunday suit of black was still that with which his
friends were familiar, but his manner, though the audience probably did
not perceive the detail, was unmistakably hanged. He had been wont to
begin his address with short, stinging periods, with sneers and such
bitterness of irony as came within his compass. To-night he struck quite
another key, mellow, confident, hinting at personal satisfaction; a
smile was on his lips, and not a smile of scorn. He rested one hand
against his side, holding in the other a scrap of paper with jotted
items of reasoning. His head was thrown a little back; he viewed the
benches from beneath his eyelids. True, the pose maintained itself but
for a moment. I mention it because it was something new in Richard.

He spoke of the land; he attacked the old monopoly, and visioned a time
when a claim to individual ownerships of the earth’s surface would be as
ludicrous as were now the assertion of title to a fee-simple
somewhere in the moon. He mustered statistics; he adduced historic and
contemporary example of the just and the unjust in land-holding; he
gripped the throat of a certain English duke, and held him up for
flagellation; he drifted into oceans of economic theory; he sat down
by the waters of Babylon; he climbed Pisgah. Had he but spoken of
backslidings in the wilderness! But for that fatal omission, the lecture
was, of its kind, good. By degrees Richard forgot his pose and the
carefully struck note of mellowness; he began to believe what he was
saying, and to say it with the right vigour of popular oratory. Forget
his struggles with the h-fiend; forget his syntactical lapses; you saw
that after all the man had within him a clear flame of conscience; that
he had felt before speaking that speech was one of the uses for which
Nature had expressly framed him. His invective seldom degenerated into
vulgar abuse; one discerned in him at least the elements of what we call
good taste; of simple manliness he disclosed not a little; he had some
command of pathos. In conclusion, he finished without reference to his
personal concerns.

The chairman invited questions, preliminary to debate.

He rose half-way down the room,--the man who invariably rises on
these occasions. He was oldish, with bent shoulders, and wore
spectacles--probably a clerk of forty years’ standing. In his hand was
a small note-book, which he consulted. He began with measured utterance,
emphatic, loud.

‘I wish to propose to the lecturer seven questions. I will read them in
order; I have taken some pains to word them clearly.’

Richard has his scrap of paper on his knee. He jots a word or two after
each deliberate interrogation, smiling.

Other questioners succeeded. Richard replies to them. He fails to
satisfy the man of seven queries, who, after repeating this and the
other of the seven, professes himself still unsatisfied, shakes his head
indulgently, walks from the room.

The debate is opened. Behold a second inevitable man; he is not
well-washed, his shirt-front shows a beer-stain; he is angry before he

‘I don’t know whether a man as doesn’t ‘old with these kind o’ theories
‘ll be allowed a fair ‘earin--’

Indignant interruption. Cries of ‘Of course he will!’--‘Who ever refused
to hear you?’--and the like.

He is that singular phenomenon, that self-contradiction, that expression
insoluble into factors of common-sense--the Conservative working man.
What do they want to be at? he demands. Do they suppose as this kind of
talk ‘ll make wages higher, or enable the poor man to get his beef and
beer at a lower rate? What’s the d--d good of it all? Figures, oh? He
never heered yet as figures made a meal for a man as hadn’t got one; nor
yet as they provided shoes and stockings for his young ‘uns at ‘ome. It
made him mad to listen, that it did! Do they suppose as the rich man ‘ll
give up the land, if they talk till all’s blue? Wasn’t it human natur to
get all you can and stick to it?

‘Pig’s nature!’ cries someone from the front benches.

‘There!’ comes the rejoinder. ‘Didn’t I say as there was no fair ‘earing
for a man as didn’t say just what suits you?’

The voice of Daniel Dabbs is loud in good-tempered mockery. Mockery
comes from every side, an angry note here and there, for the most part
tolerant, jovial.

‘Let him speak! ‘Ear him! Hoy! Hoy!’

The chairman interposes, but by the time that order is restored the
Conservative working man has thrust his hat upon his head and is off to
the nearest public-house, muttering oaths.

Mr. Cullen rises, at the same time rises Mr. Cowes. These two gentlemen
are fated to rise simultaneously. They scowl at each other. Mr. Cullen
begins to speak, and Mr. Cowes, after a circular glance of protest,
resumes his seat. The echoes tell that we are in for oratory with a
vengeance. Mr. Cullen is a short, stout man, very seedily habited, with
a great rough head of hair, an aquiline nose, lungs of vast power. His
vein is King Cambyses’; he tears passion to tatters; he roars leonine;
he is your man to have at the pamper’d jades of Asia! He has got hold
of a new word, and that the verb to ‘exploit.’ I am exploited, thou art
exploited,--_he_ exploits! Who? Why, such men as that English duke whom
the lecturer gripped and flagellated. The English duke is Mr. Cullen’s
bugbear; never a speech from Mr. Cullen but that duke is most horribly
mauled. His ground rents,--yah! Another word of which Mr. Cullen is
fond is ‘strattum,’--usually spelt and pronounced with but one t midway.
You and I have the misfortune to belong to a social ‘strattum’ which is
trampled flat and hard beneath the feet of the landowners. Mr. Cullen
rises to such a point of fury that one dreads the consequences--to
himself. Already the chairman is on his feet, intimating in dumb show
that the allowed ten minutes have elapsed; there is no making the orator
hear. At length his friend who sits by him fairly grips his coat-tails
and brings him to a sitting posture, amid mirthful tumult. Mr. Cullen
joins in the mirth, looks as though he had never been angry in his life.
And till next Sunday comes round he will neither speak nor think of the
social question.

Mr. Cowes is unopposed. After the preceding enthusiast, the voice of
Mr. Cowes falls soothingly as a stream among the heather. He is tall,
meagre, bald; he wears a very broad black necktie, his hand saws up
and down. Mr. Cowes’ tone is the quietly venomous; in a few minutes you
believe in his indignation far more than in that of Mr. Cullen. He makes
a point and pauses to observe the effect upon his hearers. He prides
himself upon his grammar, goes back to correct a concord, emphasises
eccentricities of pronunciation; for instance, he accents ‘capitalist’
on the second syllable, and repeats the words with grave challenge to
all and sundry. Speaking of something which he wishes to stigmatise as a
misnomer, he exclaims: ‘It’s what I call a misnomy!’ And he follows the
assertion with an awful suspense of utterance. He brings his speech to
a close exactly with the end of the tenth minute, and, on sitting down,
eyes his unknown neighbour with wrathful intensity for several moments.

Who will follow? A sound comes from the very back of the room, such a
sound that every head turns in astonished search for the source of it.
Such voice has the wind in garret-chimneys on a winter night. It is a
thin wail, a prelude of lamentation; it troubles the blood. The speaker
no one seems to know; he is a man of yellow visage, with head sunk
between pointed shoulders, on his crown a mere scalp-lock. He seems to
be afflicted with a disease of the muscles; his malformed body quivers,
the hand he raises shakes paralytic. His clothes are of the meanest;
what his age may be it is impossible to judge. As his voice gathers
strength, the hearers begin to feel the influence of a terrible
earnestness. He does not rant, he does not weigh his phrases; the
stream of bitter prophecy flows on smooth and dark. He is supplying the
omission in Mutimer’s harangue, is bidding his class know itself and
chasten itself, as an indispensable preliminary to any great change in
the order of things. He cries vanity upon all these detailed schemes of
social reconstruction. Are we ready for it? he wails. Could we bear it,
if they granted it to us? It is all good and right, but hadn’t we
better first make ourselves worthy of such freedom? He begins a terrible
arraignment of the People,--then, of a sudden, his voice has ceased. You
could hear a pin drop. It is seen that the man has fallen to the ground;
there arises a low moaning; people press about him.

They carry him into the coffee-shop. It was a fit. In five minutes he is
restored, but does not come back to finish his speech.

There is an interval of disorder. But surely we are not going to let the
meeting end in this way. The chairman calls for the next speaker, and
he stands forth in the person of a rather smug little shopkeeper, who
declares that he knows of no single particular in which the working
class needs correction. The speech undeniably falls fiat. Will no one
restore the tone of the meeting?

Mr. Kitshaw is the man! Now we shall have broad grins. Mr. Kitshaw
enjoys a reputation for mimicry; he takes off music-hall singers in the
bar-parlour of a Saturday night. Observe, he rises, hems, pulls down
his waistcoat; there is bubbling laughter. Mr. Kitshaw brings back the
debate to its original subject; he talks of the Land. He is a little
haphazard at first, but presently hits the mark in a fancy picture of
a country still in the hands of aborigines, as yet unannexed by the
capitalist nations, knowing not the meaning of the verb ‘exploit.’

‘Imagine such a happy land, my friends; a land, I say, which nobody
hasn’t ever thought of “developing the resources” of,--that’s the
proper phrase, I believe. There are the people, with clothing enough for
comfort and--ahem!--good manners, but, mark you, no more. No manufacture
of luxurious skirts and hulsters and togs o’ that kind by the exploited
classes. No, for no exploited classes don’t exist! All are equal, my
friends. Up an’ down the fields they goes, all day long, arm-in-arm,
Jack and Jerry, aye, and Liza an’ Sairey Ann; for they have equality of
the sexes, mind you! Up an’ down the fields, I say, in a devil-may-care
sort of way, with their sweethearts and their wives. No factory smoke,
dear no! There’s the rivers, with tropical plants a-shading the banks,
O my! There they goes up an’ down in their boats, devil-may-care,
a-strumming on the banjo,’--he imitated such action,--‘and a-singing
their nigger minstrelsy with light ‘earts. Why? ‘Cause they ain’t got
no work to get up to at ‘arf-past five next morning. Their time’s their
own! _That’s_ the condition of an unexploited country, my friends!’

Mr. Kitshaw had put everyone in vast good humour. You might wonder that
his sweetly idyllic picture did not stir bitterness by contrast; it were
to credit the English workman with too much imagination. Resonance
of applause rewarded the sparkling rhetorician. A few of the audience
availed themselves of the noise to withdraw, for the clock showed that
it was close upon ten, and public-houses shut their doors early on

But Richard Mutimer was on his feet again, and this time without regard
to effect; there was a word in him strongly demanding utterance. It was
to the speech of the unfortunate prophet that he desired to reply. He
began with sorrowful admissions. No one speaking honestly could deny
that--that the working class had its faults; they came out plainly
enough now and then. Drink, for instance (Mr. Cullen gave a resounding
‘Hear, hear!’ and a stamp on the boards). What sort of a spectacle would
be exhibited by the public-houses in Hoxton and Islington at closing
time to-night? [‘True!’ from Mr. Cowes, who also stamped on the boards.)
Yes, but--Richard used the device of aposiopesis; Daniel Dabbs took it
for a humorous effect and began a roar, which was summarily interdicted.
‘But,’ pursued Richard with emphasis, ‘what is the meaning of these
vices? What do they come of? Who’s to blame for them? Not the working
class--never tell me! What drives a man to drink in his spare hours?
What about the poisonous air of garrets and cellars? What about
excessive toil and inability to procure healthy recreation? What
about defects of education, due to poverty? What about diseased bodies
inherited from over-slaved parents?’ Messrs. Cowes and Cullen had
accompanied these queries with a climax of vociferous approval; when
Richard paused, they led the tumult of hands and heels. ‘Look at that
poor man who spoke to us!’ cried Mutimer. ‘He’s gone, so I shan’t hurt
him by speaking plainly. He spoke well, mind you, and he spoke from his
heart; but what sort of a life has his been, do you think? A wretched
cripple, a miserable weakling no doubt from the day of his birth, cursed
in having ever seen the daylight, and, such as he is, called upon to
fight for his bread. Much of it he gets! Who would blame that man if he
drank himself into unconsciousness every time he picked up a sixpence?’
Cowes and Cullen bellowed their delight. ‘Well, he doesn’t do it; so
much you can be sure of. In some vile hole here in this great city of
ours he drags on a life worse--aye, a thousand times worse!--than that
of the horses in the West-end mews. Don’t clap your hands so much,
fellow-workers. Just think about it on your way home; talk about it to
your wives and your children. It’s the sight of objects like that that
makes my blood boil, and that’s set me in earnest at this work of ours.
I feel for that man and all like him as if they were my brothers. And I
take you all to witness, all you present and all you repeat my words
to, that I’ll work on as long as I have life in me, that I’ll use
every opportunity that’s given me to uphold the cause of the poor and
down-trodden against the rich and selfish and luxurious, that if I live
another fifty years I shall still be of the people and with the people,
that no man shall ever have it in his power to say that Richard Mutimer
misused his chances and was only a new burden to them whose load he
might have lightened!’

There was nothing for it but to leap on to the very benches and yell as
long as your voice would hold out.

After that the meeting was mere exuberance of mutual congratulations.
Mr. Cullen was understood to be moving the usual vote of thanks, but
even his vocal organs strove hard for little purpose. Daniel Dabbs
had never made a speech in his life, but excitement drove him on the
honourable post of seconder. The chairman endeavoured to make certain
announcements; then the assembly broke up. The estrade was invaded;
everybody wished to shake hands with Mutimer. Mr. Cullen tried to obtain
Richard’s attention to certain remarks of value; failing, he went off
with a scowl. Mr. Cowes attempted to button-hole the popular hero;
finding Richard conversing with someone else at the same time, he turned
away with a covert sneer. The former of the two worthies had desired to
insist upon every member of the Union becoming a teetotaller; the latter
wished to say that he thought it would be well if a badge of temperance
were henceforth worn by Unionists. On turning away, each glanced at the
clock and hurried his step.

In a certain dark street not very far from the lecture-room Mr. Cullen
rose on tip-toe at the windows of a dull little public-house. A Unionist
was standing at the bar; Mr. Cullen hurried on, into a street yet
darker. Again he tip-toed at a window. The glimpse reassured him; he
passed quickly through the doorway, stepped to the bar, gave an order.
Then he turned, and behold, on a seat just under the window sat Mr.
Cowes, & short pipe in his mouth, a smoking tumbler held on his knee.
The supporters of total abstinence nodded to each other, with a slight
lack of spontaneity. Mr. Cullen, having secured his own tumbler, came by
his comrade’s side.

‘Deal o’ fine talk to wind up with,’ he remarked tentatively.

‘He means what he says,’ returned the other gravely.

‘Oh yes,’ Mr. Cullen hastened to admit. ‘Mutimer means what he says!
Only the way of saying it, I meant--I’ve got a bit of a sore throat.’

‘So have I. After that there hot room.’

They nodded at each other sympathetically. Mr. Cullen filled a little
black pipe.

‘Got alight?’

Mr. Cowes offered the glowing bowl of his own clay; they put their noses
together and blew a cloud.

‘Of course there’s no saying what time ‘ll do,’ observed tall Mr. Cowes,
sententiously, after a gulp of warm liquor.

‘No more there is,’ assented short Mr. Cullen with half a wink.

‘It’s easy to promise.’

‘As easy as tellin’ lies.’

Another silence.

‘Don’t suppose you and me ‘ll get much of it,’ Mr. Cowes ventured to

‘About as much as you can put in your eye without winkin’,’ was the
other’s picturesque agreement.

They talked till closing time.


One morning late in June, Hubert Eldon passed through the gates of
Wanley Manor and walked towards the village. It was the first time since
his illness that he had left the grounds on foot. He was very thin,
and had an absent, troubled look; the natural cheerfulness of youth’s
convalescence seemed altogether lacking in him.

From a rising point of the road, winding between the Manor and Wanley,
a good view of the valley offered itself; here Hubert paused, leaning
a little on his stick, and let his eyes dwell upon the prospect. A year
ago he had stood here and enjoyed the sweep of meadows between Stanbury
Hill and the wooded slope opposite, the orchard-patches, the flocks
along the margin of the little river. To-day he viewed a very different
scene. Building of various kinds was in progress in the heart of the
vale; a great massive chimney was rising to completion, and about it
stood a number of sheds. Beyond was to be seen the commencement of a
street of small houses, promising infinite ugliness in a little space;
the soil over a considerable area was torn up and trodden into mud. A
number of men were at work; carts and waggons and trucks were moving
about. In truth, the benighted valley was waking up and donning the true
nineteenth-century livery.

The young man’s face, hitherto thoughtfully sad, changed to an
expression of bitterness; he muttered what seemed to be angry and
contemptuous words, then averted his eyes and walked on. He entered the
village street and passed along it for some distance, his fixed gaze
appearing studiously to avoid the people who stood about or walked by
him. There was a spot of warm colour on his cheeks; he held himself very
upright and had a painfully self-conscious air.

He stopped before a dwelling-house, rang the bell, and made inquiry
whether Mr. Mutimer was at home. The reply being affirmative, he
followed the servant up to the first floor. His name was announced at
the door of a sitting-room, and he entered.

Two men were conversing in the room. One sat at the table with a sheet
of paper before him, sketching a rough diagram and scribbling notes;
this was Richard Mutimer. He was dressed in a light tweed suit; his fair
moustache and beard were trimmed, and the hand which rested on the table
was no longer that of a daily-grimed mechanic. His linen was admirably
starched; altogether he had a very fresh and cool appearance. His
companion was astride on a chair, his arms resting on the back, a pipe
in his mouth. This man was somewhat older than Mutimer; his countenance
indicated shrewdness and knowledge of the world. He was dark and
well-featured, his glossy black hair was parted in the middle, his
moustache of the cut called imperial, his beard short and peaked. He
wore a canvas jacket, a white waistcoat and knickerbockers; at his
throat a blue necktie fluttered loose. When Hubert’s name was announced
by the servant, this gentleman stopped midway in a sentence, took his
pipe from his lips, and looked to the door with curiosity.

Mutimer rose and addressed his visitor easily indeed, but not

‘How do you do, Mr. Eldon? I’m glad to see that you are so much better.
Will you sit down? I think you know Mr. Rodman, at all events by name?’

Hubert assented by gesture. He had come prepared for disagreeable
things in this his first meeting with Mutimer, but the honour of an
introduction to the latter’s friends had not been included in his
anticipations. Mr. Rodman had risen and bowed slightly. His smile
carried a disagreeable suggestion from which Mutimer’s behaviour was
altogether free; he rather seemed to enjoy the situation.

For a moment there was silence and embarrassment. Richard overcame the

‘Come and dine with me to-night, will you?’ he said to Rodman. ‘Here,
take this plan with you, and think it over.’

‘Pray don’t let me interfere with your business,’ interposed Hubert,
with scrupulous politeness. ‘I could see you later, Mr. Mutimer.’

‘No, no; Rodman and I have done for the present,’ said Mutimer,
cheerfully. ‘By-the-by,’ he added, as his right-hand man moved to the
door, ‘don’t forget to drop a line to Slater and Smith. And, I say, if
Hogg turns up before two o’clock, send him here; I’ll be down with you
by half-past.’

Mr. Rodman gave an ‘All right,’ nodded to Hubert, who paid no attention,
and took his departure.

‘You’ve had a long pull of it,’ Richard began, as he took his chair
again, and threw his legs into an easy position. ‘Shall I close the
windows? Maybe you don’t like the draught.’

‘Thank you; I feel no draught.’

The working man had the advantage as yet. Hubert in vain tried to be
at ease, whilst Mutimer was quite himself, and not ungraceful in
his assumption of equality. For one thing, Hubert could not avoid
a comparison between his own wasted frame and the other’s splendid
physique; it heightened the feeling of antagonism which possessed him in
advance, and provoked the haughtiness he had resolved to guard against.
The very lineaments of the men foretold mutual antipathy. Hubert’s
extreme delicacy of feature was the outward expression of a character
so compact of subtleties and refinements, of high prejudice and jealous
sensibility, of spiritual egoism and all-pervading fastidiousness,
that it was impossible for him not to regard with repugnance a man who
represented the combative principle, even the triumph, of the uncultured
classes. He was no hidebound aristocrat; the liberal tendencies of his
intellect led him to scorn the pageantry of long-descended fools as
strongly as he did the blind image-breaking of the mob; but in a case
of personal relations temperament carried it over judgment in a very
high-handed way. Youth and disappointment weighed in the scale of
unreason. Mutimer, on the other hand, though fortune helped him to
forbearance, saw, or believed he saw, the very essence of all he most
hated in this proud-eyed representative of a county family. His own
rough-sculptured comeliness corresponded to the vigour and practicality
and zeal of a nature which cared nothing for form and all for substance;
the essentials of life were to him the only things in life, instead
of, as to Hubert Eldon, the mere brute foundation of an artistic super
structure. Richard read clearly enough the sentiments with which his
visitor approached him; who that is the object of contempt does not
readily perceive it? His way of revenging himself was to emphasise a
tone of good fellowship, to make it evident how well he could afford
to neglect privileged insolence. In his heart he triumphed over the
disinherited aristocrat; outwardly he was civil, even friendly.

Hubert had made this call with a special purpose.

‘I am charged by Mrs. Eldon,’ he began, ‘to thank you for the courtesy
you have shown her during my illness. My own thanks likewise I hope you
will accept. We have caused you, I fear, much inconvenience.’

Richard found himself envying the form and tone of this deliverance; he
gathered his beard in his hands and gave it a tug.

‘Not a bit of it,’ he replied. ‘I am very comfortable here. A bedroom
and a place for work, that’s about all I want.’

Hubert barely smiled. He wondered whether the mention of work was meant
to suggest comparisons. He hastened to add--

‘On Monday we hope to leave the Manor.’

‘No need whatever for hurry,’ observed Mutimer, good-humouredly. ‘Please
tell Mrs. Eldon that I hope she will take her own time.’ On reflection
this seemed rather an ill-chosen phrase; he bettered it. ‘I should be
very sorry if she inconvenienced herself on my account.’

‘Confound the fellow’s impudence!’ was Hubert’s mental comment. ‘He
plays the forbearing landlord.’

His spoken reply was: ‘It is very kind of you. I foresee no difficulty
in completing the removal on Monday.’

In view of Mutimer’s self-command, Hubert began to be aware that his own
constraint might carry the air of petty resentment Fear of that drove
him upon a topic he would rather have left alone.

‘You are changing the appearance of the valley,’ he said, veiling by his
tone the irony which was evident in his choice of words.

Richard glanced at him, then walked to the window, with his hands in
his pockets, and gave himself the pleasure of a glimpse of the
furnace-chimney above the opposite houses. He laughed.

‘I hope to change it a good deal more. In a year or two you won’t know
the place.’

‘I fear not.’

Mutimer glanced again at his visitor.

‘Why do you fear?’ he asked, with less command of his voice.

‘I of course understand your point of view. Personally, I prefer

Hubert endeavoured to smile, that his personal preferences might lose
something of their edge.

‘You prefer nature,’ Mutimer repeated, coming back to his chair, on the
seat of which he rested a foot. ‘Well, I can’t say that I do. The Wanley
Iron Works will soon mean bread to several hundred families; how many
would the grass support?’

‘To be sure,’ assented Hubert, still smiling.

‘You are aware,’ Mutimer proceeded to ask, ‘that this is not a
speculation for my own profit?’

‘I have heard something of your scheme. I trust it will be appreciated.’

‘I dare say it will be--by those who care anything about the welfare of
the people.’

Eldon rose; he could not trust himself to continue the dialogue. He had
expected to meet a man of coarser grain; Mutimer’s intelligence made
impossible the civil condescension which would have served with a boor,
and Hubert found the temptation to pointed utterance all the stronger
for the dangers it involved.

‘I will drop you a note,’ he said, ‘to let you know as soon as the house
is empty.’

‘Thank you.’

They had not shaken hands at meeting, nor did they now. Each felt
relieved when out of the other’s sight.

Hubert turned out of the street into a road which would lead him to the
church, whence there was a field-path back to the Manor. Walking with
his eyes on the ground he did not perceive the tall, dark figure that
approached him as he drew near to the churchyard gate. Mr. Wyvern had
been conducting a burial; he had just left the vestry and was on his way
to the vicarage, which stood five minutes’ walk from the church. Himself
unperceived, he scrutinised the young man until he stood face to face
with him; his deep-voiced greeting caused Hubert to look up’ with a

‘I’m very glad to see you walking,’ said the clergyman.

He took Hubert’s hand and held it paternally in both his own. Eldon
seemed affected with a sudden surprise; as he met the large gaze his
look showed embarrassment.

‘You remember me?’ Mr. Wyvern remarked, his wonted solemnity lightened
by the gleam of a brief smile. Looking closely into his face was like
examining a map in relief; you saw heights and plains, the intersection
of multitudinous valleys, river-courses with their tributaries. It was
the visage of a man of thought and character. His eyes spoke of late
hours and the lamp; beneath each was a heavy pocket of skin, wrinkling
at its juncture with the cheek. His teeth were those of an incessant
smoker, and, in truth, you could seldom come near him without detecting
the odour of tobacco. Despite the amplitude of his proportions, there
was nothing ponderous about him; the great head was finely formed, and
his limbs must at one time have been as graceful as they were muscular.

‘Is this accident,’ Hubert asked; ‘or did you know me at the time?’

‘Accident, pure accident. Will you walk to the vicarage with me?’

They paced side by side.

‘Mrs. Eldon profits by the pleasant weather, I trust?’ the vicar
observed, with grave courtesy.

‘Thank you, I think she does. I shall be glad when she is settled in her
new home.’

They approached the door of the vicarage in silence. Entering Mr. Wyvern
led the way to his study. When he had taken a seat, he appeared to
forget himself for a moment, and played with the end of his bean.

Hubert showed impatient curiosity.

‘You found me there by chance that morning?’ he began.

The clergyman returned to the present. His elbows on either arm of
his round chair, he sat leaning forward, thoughtfully gazing at his

‘By chance,’ he replied. ‘I sleep badly; so it happened that I was
abroad shortly after daybreak. I was near the edge of the wood when I
heard a pistol-shot. I waited for the second.’

‘We fired together,’ Hubert remarked.

‘Ah! It seemed to me one report. Well, as I stood listening, there came
out from among the trees a man who seemed in a hurry. He was startled at
finding himself face to face with me, but didn’t stop; he said something
rapidly in French that I failed to catch, pointed back into the wood,
and hastened off.’

‘We had no witnesses,’ put in Hubert; ‘and both aimed our best. I wonder
he sent you to look for me.’

‘A momentary weakness, no doubt,’ rejoined the vicar drily. I made my
way among the trees and found you lying there, unconscious. I made some
attempt to stop the blood-flow, then picked you up; it seemed better,
on the whole, than leaving you on the wet grass an indefinite time. Your
overcoat was on the ground; as I took hold of it, two letters fell
from the pocket. I made no scruple about reading the addresses, and was
astonished to find that one was to Mrs. Eldon, at Wanley Manor, Wanley
being the place where I was about to live on my return to England. I
took it for granted that you were Mrs. Eldon’s son. The other letter, as
you know, was to a lady at a hotel in the town.’

Hubert nodded.

‘And you went to her as soon as you left me?’

‘After hearing from the doctor that there was no immediate danger.--The
letters, I suppose, would have announced your death?’

Hubert again inclined his head. The imperturbable gravity of the
speaker had the effect of imposing self-command on the young man; whose
sensitive cheeks showed what was going on within.

‘Will you tell me of your interview with her?’ he asked.

‘It was of the briefest; my French is not fluent.’

‘But she speaks English well.’

‘Probably her distress led her to give preference to her native tongue.
She was anxious to go to you immediately, and I told her where you lay.
I made inquiries next day, and found that she was still giving you
her care. As you were doing well, and I had to be moving homewards, I
thought it better to leave without seeing you again. The innkeeper had
directions to telegraph to me if there was a change for the worse.’

‘My pocket-book saved me,’ remarked Hubert, touching his side.

Mr. Wyvern drew in his lips.

‘Came between that ready-stamped letter and Wanley Manor,’ was his

There was a brief silence.

‘You allow me a question?’ the vicar resumed. ‘It is with reference to
the French lady.’

‘I think you have every right to question me.’

‘Oh no! It does not concern the events prior to your--accident.’ Mr.
Wyvern savoured the word. ‘How long did she remain in attendance upon

‘A short time--two day--I did not need--’

Mr. Wyvern motioned with his hand, kindly.

‘Then I was not mistaken,’ he said, averting his eyes for the first
time, ‘in thinking that I saw her in Paris.’

‘In Paris?’ Hubert repeated, with a poor affectation of indifference.

‘I made a short stay before crossing. I had business at a bank one
day; as I stood before the counter a gentleman entered and took a place
beside me. A second look assured me that he was the man who met me at
the edge of the wood that morning. I suppose he remembered me, for
he looked away and moved from me. I left the bank, and found an open
carriage waiting at the door. In it sat the lady of whom we speak. I
took a turn along the pavement and back again. The Frenchman entered the
carriage; they drove away.’

Hubert’s eyes were veiled; he breathed through his nostrils. Again there
was silence.

‘Mr. Eldon,’ resumed the vicar, ‘I was a man of the world before I
became a Churchman; you will notice that I affect no professional tone
in speaking with you, and it is because I know that anything of the kind
would only alienate you. It appeared to me that chance had made me
aware of something it might concern you to hear. I know nothing of the
circumstances of the case, merely offer you the facts.’

‘I thank you,’ was Hubert’s reply in an undertone.

‘It impressed me, that letter ready stamped for Wanley Manor. I thought
of it again after the meeting in Paris.’

‘I understand you. Of course I could explain the necessity. It would be

‘Quite. But experience is not, or should not be, useless, especially
when commented on by one who has very much of it behind him.’

Hubert stood up. His mind was in a feverishly active state, seeming to
follow several lines of thought simultaneously. Among other things, he
was wondering how it was that throughout this conversation he had been
so entirely passive. He had never found himself under the influence of
so strong a personality, exerted too in such a strangely quiet way.

‘What are your plans--your own plans?’ Mr. Wyvern inquired.

‘I have none.’

‘Forgive me;--there will be no material difficulties?’

‘None; I have four hundred a year.’

‘You have not graduated yet, I believe?’

‘No. But I hardly think I can go back to school.’

‘Perhaps not. Well, turn things over. I should like to hear from you.’

‘You shall.’

Hubert continued his walk to the Manor. Before the entrance stood
two large furniture-vans; the doorway was littered with materials of
packing, and the hall was full of objects in disorder, footsteps made
a hollow resonance in all parts of the house, for everywhere the long
wonted conditions of sound were disturbed. The library was already
dismantled; here he could close the door and walk about without fear
of intrusion. He would have preferred to remain in the open air, but a
summer shower had just begun as he reached the house. He could not sit
still; the bare floor of the large room met his needs.

His mind’s eye pictured a face which a few months ago had power to lead
him whither it willed, which had in fact led him through strange scenes,
as far from the beaten road of a college curriculum as well could be. It
was a face of foreign type, Jewish possibly, most unlike that ideal of
womanly charm kept in view by one who seeks peace and the heart’s home.
Hubert had entertained no thought of either. The romance which most
young men are content to enjoy in printed pages he had acted out in
his life. He had lived through a glorious madness, as unlike the vulgar
oat-sowing of the average young man of wealth as the latest valse on a
street-organ is unlike a passionate dream of Chopin. However unworthy
the object of his frenzy--and perhaps one were as worthy as another--the
pursuit had borne him through an atmosphere of fire, tempering him
for life, marking him for ever from plodders of the dusty highway. A
reckless passion is a patent of nobility. Whatever existence had in
store for him henceforth, Hubert could feel that he had lived.

An hour’s communing with memory was brought to an end by the ringing
of the luncheon-bell. Since his illness Hubert had taken meals with his
mother in her own sitting-room. Thither he now repaired.

Mrs. Eldon had grown older in appearance since that evening of her son’s
return. Of course she had discovered the cause of his illness, and the
incessant torment of a great fear had been added to what she suffered
from the estrangement between the boy and herself. Her own bodily
weakness had not permitted her to nurse him; she had passed days and
nights in anguish of expectancy. At one time it had been life or death.
If he died, what life would be hers through the brief delay to which she
could look forward?

Once more she had him by her side, but the moral distance between them
was nothing lessened. Mrs. Eldon’s pride would not allow her to
resume the conversation which had ended so hopelessly for her, and she
interpreted Hubert’s silence in the saddest sense. Now they were about
to be parted again. A house had been taken for her at Agworth, three
miles away; in her state of health she could not quit the neighbourhood
of the few old friends whom she still saw. But Hubert would necessarily
go into the world to seek some kind of career. No hope shone for her in
the prospect.

Whilst the servant waited on them at luncheon, mother and son exchanged
few words. Afterwards, Mrs. Eldon had her chair moved to the window,
where she could see the garden greenery.

‘I called on Mr. Mutimer,’ Hubert said, standing near her. Through the
meal he had cast frequent glances at her pale, nobly-lined countenance,
as if something had led him to occupy his thoughts with her. He looked
at her in the same way now.

‘Did you? How did he impress you?’

‘He is not quite the man I had expected; more civilised. I should
suppose he is the better kind of artisan. He talks with a good deal of
the working-class accent, of course, but not like a wholly uneducated

‘His letter, you remember, was anything but illiterate. I feel I ought
to ask him to come and see me before we leave.’

‘The correspondence surely suffices.’

‘You expressed my thanks?’


‘I see you found the interview rather difficult, Hubert.’

‘How could it be otherwise? The man is well enough, of his kind, but the
kind is detestable.’

‘Did he try to convert you to Socialism?’ asked his mother, smiling in
her sad way.

‘I imagine he discerned the hopelessness of such an under taking. We had
a little passage of arms,--quite within the bounds of civility. Shall
I tell you how I felt in talking with him? I seemed to be holding a
dialogue with the twentieth century, and you may think what that means.’

‘Ah, it’s a long way off, Hubert.’

‘I wish it were farther. The man was openly exultant; he stood for Demos
grasping the sceptre. I am glad, mother, that you leave Wanley before
the air is poisoned.’

‘Mr. Mutimer does not see that side of the question?’

‘Not he! Do you imagine the twentieth century will leave one green spot
on the earth’s surface?’

‘My dear, it will always be necessary to grow grass and corn.’

‘By no means; depend upon it. Such things will be cultivated by chemical
processes. There will not be one inch left to nature; the very oceans
will somehow be tamed, the snow-mountains will be levelled. And
with nature will perish art. What has a hungry Demos to do with the

Mrs. Eldon sighed gently.

‘I shall not see it.’

Her eyes dreamed upon the soft-swaying boughs of a young chestnut.
Hubert was watching her face; its look and the meaning implied in her
words touched him profoundly.

‘Mother!’ he said under his breath.

‘My dear?’

He drew nearer to her and just stroked with his fingers the silver lines
which marked the hair on either side of her brows. He could see that she
trembled and that her lips set themselves in hard self-conquest.

‘What do you wish me to do when we have left the Manor?’

His own voice was hurried between two quiverings of the throat; his
mother’s only whispered in reply.

‘That is for your own consideration, Hubert.’

‘With your counsel, mother.’

‘My counsel?’

‘I ask it I will follow it. I wish to be guided by you.’

He knelt by her, and his mother pressed his head against her bosom.

Later, she asked--

‘Did you call also on the Walthams?’

He shook his head.

‘Should you not do so, dear?

‘I think that must be later.’

The subject was not pursued.

The next day was Saturday. In the afternoon Hubert took a walk which had
been his favourite one ever since he could remember, every step of the
way associated with recollections of childhood, boyhood, or youth. It
was along the lane which began in a farmyard close by the Manor and
climbed with many turnings to the top of Stanbury Hill. This was ever
the first route re-examined by his brother Godfrey and himself on
their return from school at holiday-time. It was a rare region for
bird-nesting, so seldom was it trodden save by a few farm-labourers
at early morning or when the day’s work was over. Hubert passed with
a glance of recognition the bramble in which he had found his first
spink’s nest, the shadowed mossy bank whence had fluttered the hapless
wren just when the approach of two prowling youngsters should have
bidden her keep close. Boys on the egg-trail are not wont to pay much
attention to the features of the country; but Hubert remembered that
at a certain meadow-gate he had always rested for a moment to view the
valley, some mute presage of things unimagined stirring at his heart.
Was it even then nineteenth century? Not for him, seeing that the life
of each of us reproduces the successive ages of the world. Belwick,
roaring a few miles away, was but an isolated black patch on the earth’s
beauty, not, as he now understood it, a malignant cancer-spot, spreading
day by day, corrupting, an augury of death. In those days it had seemed
fast in the order of things that Wanley Manor should be his home through
life; how otherwise? Was it not the abiding-place of the Eldons from of
old? Who had ever hinted at revolution? He knew now that revolution
had been at work from an earlier time than that; whilst he played and
rambled with his brother the framework of their life was crumbling about
them. Belwick was already throwing a shadow upon Wanley. And now behold!
he stood at the old gate, rested his hands where they had been wont
to rest, turned his eyes in the familiar direction; no longer a mere
shadow, there was Belwick itself.

His heart was hot with outraged affection, with injured pride. On the
scarcely closed grave of that passion which had flamed through so brief
a life sprang up the flower of natural tenderness, infinitely sweet and
precious. For the first time he was fully conscious of what it meant to
quit Wanley for ever; the past revealed itself to him, lovelier and more
loved because parted from him by so hopeless a gulf. Hubert was not old
enough to rate experience at its true value, to acquiesce in the law
which wills that the day must perish before we can enjoy to the full its
light and odour. He could only feel his loss, and rebel against the fate
which had ordained it.

He had climbed but half-way up the hill; from this point onwards there
was no view till the summit was reached, for the lane proceeded between
high banks and hedges. To gain the very highest point he had presently
to quit the road by a stile and skirt the edge of a small rising meadow,
at the top of which was an old cow-house with a few trees growing about
it. Thence one had the finest prospect in the county.

He reached the stone shed, looked back for a moment over Wanley, then
walked round to the other side. As he turned the corner of the building
his eye was startled by the unexpected gleam of a white dress. A girl
stood there; she was viewing the landscape through a field-glass, and
thus remained unaware of his approach on the grass. He stayed his step
and observed her with eyes of recognition. Her attitude, both hands
raised to hold the glass, displayed to perfection the virginal outline
of her white-robed form. She wore a straw hat of the plain masculine
fashion; her brown hair was plaited in a great circle behind her head,
not one tendril loosed from the mass; a white collar closely circled her
neck; her waist was bound with a red girdle. All was grace and purity;
the very folds towards the bottom of her dress hung in sculpturesque
smoothness; the form of her half-seen foot bowed the herbage with
lightest pressure. From the boughs above there fell upon her a dancing
network of shadow.

Hubert only half smiled; he stood with his hands joined behind him, his
eyes fixed upon her face, waiting for her to turn But several moments
passed and she was still intent on the landscape. He spoke.

‘Will you let me look?’

Her hands fell, all but dropping the glass; still, she did not start
with unbecoming shrug as most people do, the instinctive movement of
guarding against a stroke; the falling of her arms was the only abrupt
motion, her head turning in the direction of the speaker with a grace as
spontaneous as that we see in a fawn that glances back before flight.

‘Oh, Mr. Eldon! How silently you have come!’

The wild rose of her cheeks made rivalry for an instant with the richer
garden blooms, and the subsiding warmth left a pearly translucency as of
a lily petal against the light.

She held her hand to him, delicately gloved, warm; the whole of it was
hidden within Hubert’s clasp.

‘What were you looking at so attentively?’ he asked.

‘At Agworth station,’ replied Adela, turning her eyes again in that
quarter. ‘My brother’s train ought to be in by now, I think. He comes
home every Saturday.’

‘Does he?’

Hubert spoke without thought, his look resting upon the maiden’s red

‘I am glad that you are well again,’ Adela said with natural kindness.
‘You have had a long illness.’

‘Yes; it has been a tiresome affair. Is Mrs. Waltham well?’

‘Quite, thank you.’

‘And your brother?’

‘Alfred never had anything the matter with him in his life, I believe,’
she answered, with a laugh.

‘Fortunate fellow! Will you lend me the glass?’

She held it to him, and at the same moment her straying eye caught a
glimpse of white smoke, far off.

‘There comes the train!’ she exclaimed. ‘You will be able to see it
between these two hills.’

Hubert looked and returned the glass to her, but she did not make use of

‘Does he walk over from Agworth?’ was Hubert’s next question.

‘Yes. It does him good after a week of Belwick.’

‘There will soon be little difference between Belwick and Wanley,’
rejoined Hubert, drily.

Adela glanced at him; there was sympathy and sorrow in the look.

‘I knew it would grieve you,’ she said.

‘And what is your own feeling? Do you rejoice in the change as a sign of

‘Indeed, no. I am very, very sorry to have our beautiful valley so
spoilt. It is only--’

Hubert eyed her with sudden sharpness of scrutiny; the look seemed to
check her words.

‘Only what?’ he asked. ‘You find compensations?’

‘My brother won’t hear of such regrets,’ she continued with a little
embarrassment ‘He insists on the good that will be done by the change.’

‘From such a proprietor as I should have been to a man of Mr. Mutimer’s
activity. To be sure, that is one point of view.’

Adela blushed.

‘That is not my meaning, Mr. Eldon, as you know. I was speaking of the
change without regard to who brings it about. And I was not giving my
own opinion; Alfred’s is always on the side of the working people; he
seems to forget everybody else in his zeal for their interests. And
then, the works are going to be quite a new kind of undertaking. You
have heard of Mr. Mutimer’s plans of course?’

‘I have an idea of them.’

‘You think them mistaken?’

‘No. I would rather say they don’t interest me. That seems to disappoint
you, Miss Waltham. Probably you are interested in them?’

At the sound of her own name thus formally interjected, Adela just
raised her eyes from their reflective gaze on the near landscape; then
she became yet more thoughtful.

‘Yes, I think I am,’ she replied, with deliberation. ‘The principle
seems a just one. Devotion to a really unselfish cause is rare, I am

‘You have met Mr. Mutimer?

‘Once. My brother made his acquaintance, and he called on us.’

‘Did he explain his scheme to you in detail?’

‘Not himself. Alfred has told me all about it. He, of course, is
delighted with it; he has joined what he calls the Union.’

‘Are you going to join?’ Hubert asked, smiling.

‘I? I doubt whether they would have me.’

She laughed silverly, her throat tremulous, like that of a bird that
sings. How significant the laugh was! the music of how pure a freshet of

‘All the members, I presume,’ said Hubert, ‘are to be speedily enriched
from the Wanley Mines and Iron Works?’

It was jokingly uttered, but Adela replied with some earnestness, as if
to remove a false impression.

‘Oh, that is quite a mistake. Mr. Eldon. There is no question of anyone
being enriched, least of all Mr. Mutimer himself. The workmen will
receive just payment, not mere starvation wages, but whatever profit
there is will be devoted to the propaganda.’

‘Propaganda! Starvation wages! Ah, I see you have gone deeply into these
matters. How strangely that word sounds on your lips--propaganda!’

Adela reddened.

‘Why strangely, Mr. Eldon?’

‘One associates it with such very different speakers; it has such a
terrible canting sound. I hope you will not get into the habit of using
it--for your own sake.’

‘I am not likely to use it much. I suppose I have heard it so often
from Alfred lately. Please don’t think,’ she added rather hastily, ‘that
I have become a Socialist. Indeed, I dislike the name; I find it implies
so many things that I could never approve of.’

Her way of speaking the last sentence would have amused a dispassionate
critic, it was so distinctively the tone of Puritan maidenhood. From
lips like Adela’s it is delicious to hear such moral babbling. Oh, the
gravity of conviction in a white-souled English girl of eighteen! Do you
not hear her say those words: ‘things that I could never approve of’?

As her companion did not immediately reply, she again raised the
field-glass to her eyes and swept the prospect.

‘Can you see your brother on the road?’ Hubert inquired.

‘No, not yet. There is a trap driving this way. Why, Alfred sitting in
it! Oh, it is Mr. Mutimer’s trap I see. He must have met Alfred at the
station and have given him a ride.’

‘Evidently they are great friends,’ commented Eldon.

Adela did not reply. After gazing a little longer, she said--

‘He will be home before I can get there.’

She screwed up the glasses and turned as if to take leave. But Hubert
prepared to walk by her side, and together they reached the lane.

‘Now I am going to run down the hill,’ Adela said, laughing. ‘I can’t
ask you to join in such childishness, and I suppose you are not going
this way, either?’

‘No, I am walking back to the Manor,’ the other replied soberly. ‘We had
better say good-bye. On Monday we shall leave Wanley, my mother and I.’

‘On Monday?’

The girl became graver.

‘But only to go to Agworth?’ she added.

‘I shall not remain at Agworth. I am going to London.’

‘To--to study?’

‘Something or other, I don’t quite know what. Good-bye!’

‘Won’t you come to say good-bye to us--to mother?’

‘Shall you be at home to-morrow afternoon, about four o’clock say?’

‘Oh, yes; the very time.’

‘Then I will come to say good-bye.’

‘In that case we needn’t say it now, need we? It is only good

She began to walk down the lane.

‘I thought you were going to run,’ cried Hubert.

She looked back, and her silver laugh made chorus with the joyous
refrain of a yellow-hammer, piping behind the hedge. Till the turn of
the road she continued walking, then Hubert had a glimpse of white folds
waving in the act of flight, and she was beyond his vision.


Adela reached the house door at the very moment that Mutimer’s trap
drove up. She had run nearly all the way down the hill, and her soberer
pace during the last ten minutes had not quite reduced the flush in her
cheeks. Mutimer raised his hat with much _aplomb_ before he had pulled
up his horse, and his look stayed on her whilst Alfred Waltham was
descending and taking leave.

‘I was lucky enough to overtake your brother in Agworth,’ he said.

‘Ah, you have deprived him of what he calls his constitutional,’ laughed

‘Have I? Well, it isn’t often I’m here over Saturday, so he can
generally feel safe.’

The hat was again aired, and Richard drove away to the Wheatsheaf Inn,
where he kept his horse at present.

Brother and sister went together into the parlour, where Mrs. Waltham
immediately joined them, having descended from an upper room.

‘So Mr. Mutimer drove you home!’ she exclaimed, with the interest which
provincial ladies, lacking scope for their energies, will display in
very small incidents.

‘Yes. By the way, I’ve asked him to come and have dinner with us
to-morrow. He hadn’t any special reason for going to town, and was
uncertain whether to do so or not, so I thought I might as well have him

Mr. Alfred always spoke in a somewhat emphatic first person singular
when domestic arrangements were under, discussion; occasionally the
habit led to a passing unpleasantness of tone between himself and Mrs.
Waltham. In the present instance, however, nothing of the kind was to be
feared; his mother smiled very graciously.

‘I’m glad you thought of it,’ she said. ‘It would have been very lonely
for him in his lodgings.’

Neither of the two happened to be regarding Adela, or they would have
seen a look of dismay flit across her countenance and pass into one of
annoyance. When the talk had gone on for a few minutes Adela interposed
a question.

‘Will Mr. Mutimer stay for tea also, do you think, Alfred?’

‘Oh, of course; why shouldn’t he?’

It is the country habit; Adela might have known what answer she
would receive. She got out of the difficulty by means of a little

‘He won’t want us to talk about Socialism all the time, will he?’

‘Of course not, my dear,’ replied Mrs. Waltham. ‘Why, it will be
Sunday.’ 4

Alfred shouted in mirthful scorn.

‘Well, that’s one of the finest things I’ve heard for a long time,
mother! It’ll be Sunday, and _therefore_ we are not to talk about
improving the lot of the human race. Ye gods!’

Mrs. Waltham was puzzled for an instant, but the Puritan assurance did
not fail her.

‘Yes, but that is only improvement of their bodies, Alfred--food and
clothing. The six days are for that you know.’

‘Mother, mother, you will kill me! You are so uncommonly funny! I wonder
your friends haven’t long ago found some way of doing without bodies
altogether. Now, I pray you, do not talk nonsense. Surely _that_ is
forbidden on the Sabbath, if only the Jewish one.’

‘Mother is quite right, Alfred,’ remarked Adela, with quiet
affimativeness, as soon as her voice could be heard. ‘Your Socialism is
earthly; we have to think of other things besides bodily comforts.’

‘Who said we hadn’t?’ cried her brother. ‘But I take leave to inform you
that you won’t get much spiritual excellence out of a man who lives a
harder life than the nigger-slaves. If you women could only put aside
your theories and look a little at obstinate facts! You’re all of a
piece. Which of you was it that talked the other day about getting the
vicar to pray for rain? Ho, ho, ho! Just the same kind of thing.’

Alfred’s combativeness had grown markedly since his making acquaintance
with Mutimer. He had never excelled in the suaver virtues, and now the
whole of the time he spent at home was devoted to vociferous railing
at capitalists, priests, and women, his mother and sister serving for
illustrations of the vices prevalent in the last-mentioned class. In
talking he always paced the room, hands in pockets, and at times fairly
stammered in his endeavour to hit upon sufficiently trenchant epithets
or comparisons. When reasoning failed with his auditors, he had recourse
to volleys of contemptuous laughter. At times he lost his temper,
muttered words such as ‘fools!’--‘idiots!’ and flung out into the open
air. It looked as if the present evening was to be a stormy one. Adela
noted the presage and allowed herself a protest _in limine_.

‘Alfred, I do hope you won’t go on in this way whilst Letty is here. You
mayn’t think it, but you pain her very much.’

‘Pain her! It’s her education. She’s had none yet, no more than you
have. It’s time you both began to learn.’

It being close upon the hour for tea, the young lady of whom there was
question was heard to ring the door-bell. We have already had a passing
glimpse of her, but since then she has been honoured by becoming
Alfred’s affianced. Letty Tew fulfilled all the conditions desirable
in one called to so trying a destiny. She was a pretty, supple,
sweet-mannered girl, and, as is the case with such girls, found it
possible to worship a man whom in consistency she must have deemed the
most condemnable of heretics. She and Adela were close friends; Adela
indeed, had no other friend in the nearer sense. The two were made of
very different fibre, but that had not as yet distinctly shown.

Adela’s reproof was not wholly without effect; her brother got through
the evening without proceeding to his extremest truculence, still the
conversation was entirely of his leading, consequently not a little
argumentative. He had brought home, as he always did on Saturday, a
batch of ultra periodicals, among them the ‘Fiery Cross,’ and his own
eloquence was supplemented by the reading of excerpts from these lively
columns. It was a combat of three to one, but the majority did little
beyond throwing up hands at anything particularly outrageous. Adela said
much less than usual. ‘I tell you what it is, you three!’ Alfred
cried, at a certain climax of enthusiasm, addressing the ladies with
characteristic courtesy, ‘we’ll found a branch of the Union in Wanley; I
mean, in our particular circle of thickheads. Then, as soon as Mutimer’s
settlement gets going, we can coalesce. Now you two girls give next
week to going round and soliciting subscriptions for the “Fiery Cross.”
 People have had time to get over the first scare, and you know they
can’t refuse such as you. Quarterly, one-and-eightpence, including

‘But, my dear Alfred,’ cried Adela, ‘remember that Letty and I are _not_

‘Letty is, because I expect it of her, and you can’t refuse to keep her
in countenance.’

The girls laughed merrily at this anticipated lordship; but Letty said

‘I believe father will take the paper if I ask him. One is better than
nothing, isn’t it, Alfred?’

‘Good. We book Stephen Tew, Esquire.’

‘But surely you mustn’t call him Esquire?’ suggested Adela.

‘Oh, he is yet unregenerate; let him keep his baubles.’

‘How are the regenerate designated?’

‘Comrade, we prefer.’

‘Also applied to women?’

‘Well, I suppose not. As the word hasn’t a feminine, call yourselves
plain Letty Tew and Adela Waltham, without meaningless prefix.’

‘What nonsense you are talking, Alfred!’ remarked his mother. ‘As
if everybody in Wanley could address young ladies by their Christian

In this way did Alfred begin the ‘propaganda’ at home. Already the
village was much occupied with the vague new doctrines represented by
the name of Richard Mutimer; the parlour of the Wheatsheaf was loud of
evenings with extraordinary debate, and gossips of a higher station had
at length found a topic which promised to be inexhaustible. Of course
the vicar was eagerly sounded as to his views. Mr. Wyvern preserved an
attitude of scrupulous neutrality, contenting himself with correction of
palpable absurdities in the stories going about. ‘But surely you are not
a Socialist, Mr. Wyvern?’ cried Mrs. Mewling, after doing her best to
pump the reverend gentleman, and discovering nothing. ‘I am a Christian,
madam,’ was the reply, ‘and have nothing to do with economic doctrines.’
Mrs. Mewling spread the phrase ‘economic doctrines,’ shaking her head
upon the adjective, which was interpreted by her hearers as condemnatory
in significance. The half-dozen shopkeepers were disposed to secret
jubilation; it was probable that, in consequence of the doings in the
valley, trade would look up. Mutimer himself was a centre of interest
such as Wanley had never known. When he walked down the street the news
that he was visible seemed to spread like wildfire; every house had its
gazers. Excepting the case of the Walthams, he had not as yet sought to
make personal acquaintances, appearing rather to avoid opportunities. On
the whole it seemed likely that he would be popular. The little group of
mothers with marriageable daughters waited eagerly for the day when,
by establishing himself at the Manor, he would throw off the present
semi-incognito, and become the recognised head of Wanley society. He
would discover the necessity of having a lady to share his honours and
preside at his table. Persistent inquiry seemed to have settled the fact
that he was not married already. To be sure, there were awesome rumours
that Socialists repudiated laws divine and human in matrimonial affairs,
but the more sanguine were inclined to regard this as calumny, their
charity finding a support in their personal ambitions. The interest
formerly attaching to the Eldons had altogether vanished. Mrs. Eldon and
her son were now mere obstacles to be got rid of as quickly as possible.
It was the general opinion that Hubert Eldon’s illness was purposely
protracted, to suit his mother’s convenience. Until Mutimer’s arrival
there had been much talk about Hubert; whether owing to Dr. Mann’s
indiscretion or through the servants at the Manor, it had become known
that the young man was suffering from a bullet-wound, and the story
circulated by Mrs. Mewling led gossips to suppose that he had been
murderously assailed in that land of notorious profligacy known to
Wanley as ‘abroad.’ That, however, was now become an old story. Wanley
was anxious for the Eldons to go their way, and leave the stage clear.

Everyone of course was aware that Mutimer spent his Sundays in London (a
circumstance, it was admitted, not altogether reassuring to the ladies
with marriageable daughters), and his unwonted appearance in the village
on the evening of the present Saturday excited universal comment. Would
he appear at church next morning? There was a general directing of
eyes to the Manor pew. This pew had not been occupied since the fateful
Sunday when, at the conclusion of the morning service, old Mr. Mutimer
was discovered to have breathed his last. It was a notable object in
the dim little church, having a wooden canopy supported on four slim
oak pillars with vermicular moulding. From pillar to pillar hung dark
curtains, so that when these were drawn the interior of the pew was
entirely protected from observation. Even on the brightest days its
occupants were veiled in gloom. To-day the curtains remained drawn as
usual, and Richard Mutimer disappointed the congregation. Wanley had
obtained assurance on one point--Socialism involved Atheism.

Then it came to pass that someone saw Mutimer approach the Walthams’
house just before dinner time; saw him, moreover, ring and enter. A
couple of hours, and the ominous event was everywhere being discussed.
Well, well, it was not difficult to see what _that_ meant. Trust Mrs.
Waltham for shrewd generalship. Adela Waltham had been formerly
talked of in connection with young Eldon; but Eldon was now out of the
question, and behold his successor, in a double sense! Mrs. Mewling
surrendered her Sunday afternoon nap and flew from house to house--of
course in time for the dessert wine at each. Her cry was _haro_! Really,
this was sharp practice on Mrs. Waltham’s part; it was stealing a
march before the commencement of the game. Did there not exist a tacit
understanding that movements were postponed until Mutimer’s occupation
of the Manor? Adela was a very nice young girl, to be sure, a very nice
girl indeed, but one must confess that she had her eyes open. Would
it not be well for united Wanley to let her know its opinion of such

In the meantime Richard was enjoying himself, with as little thought of
the Wanley gossips as of--shall we say, the old curtained pew in Wanley
Church? He was perfectly aware that the Walthams did not represent the
highest gentility, that there was a considerable interval, for example,
between Mrs. Waltham and Mrs. Westlake; but the fact remained that he
had never yet been on intimate terms with a family so refined. Radical
revolutionist though he was, he had none of the grossness or obstinacy
which would have denied to the _bourgeois_ household any advantage
over those of his own class. At dinner he found himself behaving
circumspectly. He knew already that the cultivated taste objects to the
use of a table-knife save for purposes of cutting; on the whole he saw
grounds for the objection. He knew, moreover, that manducation and
the absorption of fluids must be performed without audible gusto; the
knowledge cost him some self-criticism. But there were numerous minor
points of convention on which he was not so clear; it had never occurred
to him, for instance, that civilisation demands the breaking of bread,
that, in the absence of silver, a fork must suffice for the dissection
of fish, that a napkin is a graceful auxiliary in the process of a meal
and not rather an embarrassing superfluity of furtive application. Like
a wise man, he did not talk much during dinner, devoting his mind to
observation. Of one thing he speedily became aware, namely, that Mr.
Alfred Waltham was so very much in his own house that it was not wholly
safe to regard his demeanour as exemplary. Another point well
certified was that if any person in the world could be pointed to as
an unassailable pattern of comely behaviour that person was Mr. Alfred
Waltham’s sister. Richard observed Adela as closely as good manners
would allow.

Talking little as yet--the young man at the head of the table gave
others every facility for silence--Richard could occupy his thought in
many directions. Among other things, he instituted a comparison between
the young lady who sat opposite to him and someone--not a young lady, it
is true, but of the same sex and about the same age. He tried to imagine
Emma Vine seated at this table; the effort resulted in a disagreeable
warmth in the lobes of his ears. Yes, but--he attacked himself--not Emma
Vine dressed as he was accustomed to see her; suppose her possessed of
all Adela Waltham’s exterior advantages. As his imagination was working
on the hint, Adela herself addressed a question to him. He looked up,
he let her voice repeat itself in inward echo. His ears were still more
disagreeably warm.

It was a lovely day--warm enough to dine with the windows open. The
faintest air seemed to waft sunlight from corner to corner of the room;
numberless birds sang on the near boughs and hedges; the flowers on the
table were like a careless gift of gold-hearted prodigal summer. Richard
transferred himself in spirit to a certain square on the borders of
Hoxton and Islington, within scent of the Regent’s Canal. The house
there was now inhabited by Emma and her sisters; they also would be at
dinner. Suppose he had the choice: there or here? Adela addressed to him
another question. The square vanished into space.

How often he had spoken scornfully of that word ‘lady’! Were not all
of the sex women? What need for that hateful distinction? Richard tried
another experiment with his imagination. ‘I had dinner with some people
called Waltham last Sunday. The old woman I didn’t much care about; but
there was a young woman--’ Well, why not? On the other hand, suppose
Emma Vine called at his lodgings. ‘A young woman called this morning,
sir--’ Well, why not?

Dessert was on the table. He saw Adela’s fingers take an orange, her
other hand holding a little fruit-knife. Now, who could have imagined
that the simple paring of an orange could be achieved at once with such
consummate grace and so naturally? In Richard’s country they first bite
off a fraction of the skin, then dig away with what of finger-nail may
be available. He knew someone who would assuredly proceed in that way.

Metamorphosis! Richard Mutimer speculates on asthetic problems.

‘You, gentlemen, I dare say will be wicked enough to smoke,’ remarked
Mrs. Waltham, as she rose from the table.

‘I tell you what we shall be wicked enough to do, mother,’ exclaimed
Alfred. ‘We shall have two cups of coffee brought out into the garden,
and spare your furniture!’

‘Very well, my son. Your _two_ cups evidently mean that Adela and I are
not invited to the garden.’

‘Nothing of the kind. But I know you always go to sleep, and Adela
doesn’t like tobacco smoke.’

‘I go to sleep, Alfred! You know very well that I have a very different
occupation for my Sunday afternoons.’

‘I really don’t care anything about smoking,’ observed Mutimer, with a
glance at Adela.

‘Oh, you certainly shall not deprive yourself on my account, Mr.
Mutimer,’ said the girl, good-naturedly. ‘I hope soon to come out into
the garden, and I am not at all sure that my objection to tobacco is

Ah, if Mrs. Mewling could have heard that speech! Mrs. Mewling’s age
was something less than fifty; probably she had had time to forget how
a young girl such as Adela speaks in pure frankness and never looks back
to muse over a double meaning.

It was nearly three o’clock. Adela compared her watch with the
sitting-room clock, and, the gentlemen having retired, moved about
the room with a look of uneasiness. Her mother stood at the window,
seemingly regarding the sky, in reality occupying her thoughts with
things much nearer. She turned and found Adela looking at her.

‘I want just to run over and speak to Letty,’ Adela said. ‘I shall very
soon be back.’

‘Very well, dear,’ replied her mother, scanning her face absently. ‘But
don’t let them keep you.’

Adela quickly fetched her hat and left the house. It was her habit to
walk at a good pace, always with the same airy movement, as though
her feet only in appearance pressed the ground. On the way she again
consulted her watch, and it caused her to flit still faster. Arrived
at the abode of the Tews, she fortunately found Letty in the garden,
sitting with two younger sisters, one a child of five years. Miss Tew
was reading aloud to them, her book being ‘Pilgrim’s Progress.’ At the
sight of Adela the youngest of the three slipped down from her seat and
ran to meet her with laughter and shaking of curls.

‘Carry me round! carry me round!’ cried the little one.

For it was Adela’s habit to snatch up the flaxen little maiden, seat her
upon her shoulder, and trot merrily round a circular path in the garden.
But the sister next in age, whose thirteenth year had developed deep
convictions, interposed sharply--

‘Eva, don’t be naughty! Isn’t it Sunday?’

The little one, saved on the very brink of iniquity, turned away in
confusion and stood with a finger in her mouth.

‘I’ll come and carry you round to-morrow, Eva,’ said the visitor,
stooping to kiss the reluctant face. Then, turning to the admonitress,
‘Jessie, will you read a little? I want just to speak to Letty.’

Miss Jessie took the volume, made her countenance yet sterner,
and, having drawn Eva to her side, began to read in measured tones,
reproducing as well as she could the enunciation of the pulpit. Adela
beckoned to her friend, and the two walked apart.

‘I’m in such a fix,’ she began, speaking hurriedly, ‘and there isn’t
a minute to lose. Mr. Mutimer has been having dinner with us; Alfred
invited him. And I expect Mr. Eldon to come about four o’clock. I met
him yesterday on the Hill; he came up just as I was looking out for
Alfred with the glass, and I asked him if he wouldn’t come and say
good-bye to mother this afternoon. Of course I’d no idea that Mr.
Mutimer would come to dinner; he always goes away for Sunday. Isn’t it
dreadfully awkward?’

‘You think he wouldn’t like to meet Mr. Mutimer?’ asked Letty, savouring
the gravity of the situation.

‘I’m sure he wouldn’t. He spoke about him yesterday. Of course he didn’t
say anything against Mr. Mutimer, but I could tell from his way of
speaking. And then it’s quite natural, isn’t it? I’m really afraid.
He’ll think it so unkind of me. I told him we should be alone, and I
shan’t be able to explain. Isn’t it tiresome?’

‘It is, really! But of course Mr. Eldon will understand. To think that
it should happen just this day!’

An idea flashed across Miss Tew’s mind.

‘Couldn’t you be at the door when he comes, and just--just say, you
know, that you’re sorry, that you knew nothing about Mr. Mutimer

‘I’ve thought of something else,’ returned Adela, lowering her voice,
as if to impart a project of doubtful propriety. ‘Suppose I walk towards
the Manor and--and meet him on the way, before he gets very far? Then I
could save him the annoyance, couldn’t I, dear?’

Letty widened her eyes. The idea was splendid, but--

‘You don’t think, dear, that it might be a little--that you might find

Adela reddened.

‘It is only a piece of kindness. Mr. Eldon will understand, I’m sure. He
asked me so particularly if we should be alone. I really feel it a duty.
Don’t you think I may go? I must decide at once.’

Letty hesitated.

‘If you really advise me not to--’ pursued Adela. ‘But I’m sure I shall
be glad when it’s done.’

‘Then go, dear. Yes, I would go if I were you.’

Adela now faltered.

‘You really would go, in my place?’

‘Yes, yes, I’m sure I should. You see, it isn’t as if it was Mr. Mutimer
you were going to meet.’

‘Oh, no, no That would be impossible.’

‘He will be very grateful,’ murmured Letty, without looking up.

‘If I go, it must be at once.’

‘Your mother doesn’t know he was coming?’

‘No. I don’t know why I haven’t told her, really. I suppose we were
talking so much of other things last night. And then I only got home
just as Alfred did, and he said at once that he had invited Mr. Mutimer.
Yes, I will go. Perhaps I’ll come and see you again after church.’

Letty went back to ‘Pilgrim’s Progress.’ Her sister Jessie enjoyed the
sound of her own voice, and did not offer to surrender the book, so she
sat by little Eva’s side and resumed her Sunday face.

Adela took the road for the Manor, resisting the impulse to cast glances
on either side as she passed the houses at the end of the village. She
felt it to be more than likely that eyes were observing her, as it was
an unusual time for her to be abroad, and the direction of her walk
pointed unmistakably to one destination. But she made no account of
secrecy; her errand was perfectly simple and with an object that no
one could censure. If people tattled, they alone were to blame. For the
first time she experienced a little resentment of the public criticism
which was so rife in Wanley, and the experience was useful--one of those
inappreciable aids to independence which act by cumulative stress on a
character capable of development and softly mould its outlines.

She passed the church, then the vicarage, and entered the hedgeway
which by a long curve led to the Manor. She was slackening her pace, not
wishing to approach too near to the house, when she at length saw Hubert
Eldon walking towards her. He advanced with a look which was not exactly
indifferent yet showed no surprise; the smile only came to his face when
he was near enough to speak.

‘I have come to meet you,’ Adela began, with frankness which cost her
a little agitation of breath. ‘I am so very sorry to have misled you
yesterday. As soon as I reached home, I found that my brother had
invited Mr. Mutimer for to-day. I thought it would be best if I came and
told you that--that we were not quite alone, as I said we should be.’

As she spoke Adela became distressed by perceiving, or seeming to
perceive, that the cause which had led her to this step was quite
inadequate. Of course it was the result of her having to forbear mention
of the real point at issue; she could not say that she feared it might
be disagreeable to her hearer to meet Mutimer. But, put in the other
way, her pretext for coming appeared trivial. Only with an extreme
effort she preserved her even tone to the end of her speech.

‘It is very kind of you,’ Hubert replied almost warmly. ‘I’m very sorry
you have had the trouble.’

As she disclaimed thanks, Eldon’s tact discovered the way of safety.
Facing her with a quiet openness of look, he said, in a tone of pleasant
directness which Adela had often felt to be peculiarly his own--

‘I shall best thank you by admitting that I should have found it very
unpleasant to meet Mr. Mutimer. You felt that, and hence your kindness.
At the same time, no doubt, you pity me for my littleness.’

‘I think it perfectly natural that such a meeting should be
disagreeable. I believe I understand your feeling. Indeed, you explained
it to me yesterday.’

‘I explained it?’

‘In what you said about the works in the valley.’

‘True. Many people would have interpreted me less liberally.’

Adela’s eyes brightened a little. But when she raised them, they fell
upon something which disturbed her cheerfulness. This was the face
of Mrs. Mewling, who had come up from the direction of Wanley and was
clearly about to pay a visit at the Manor. The lady smiled and murmured
a greeting as she passed by.

‘I suppose Mrs. Mewling is going to see my mother,’ said Hubert, who
also had lost a little of his naturalness.

A few more words and they again parted. Nothing further was said of the
postponed visit. Adela hastened homewards, dreading lest she had made a
great mistake, yet glad that she had ventured to come.

Her mother was just going out into the garden, where Alfred’s voice
sounded frequently in laughter or denunciation. Adela would have been
glad to sit alone for a short time, for Mrs. Waltham seemed to wish for
her company She had only time to glance at herself in her looking-glass
and just press a palm against each cheek.

Alfred was puffing clouds from his briar pipe, but Mutimer had ceased
smoking. Near the latter was a vacant seat; Adela took it, as there was
no other.

‘What a good thing the day of rest is!’ exclaimed Mrs. Waltham. ‘I
always feel thankful when I think of the poor men who toil so all
through the week in Belwick, and how they must enjoy their Sunday. You
surely wouldn’t make any change in _that_, Mr. Mutimer?’

‘The change I should like to see would be in the other direction,’
Richard replied. ‘I would have holidays far more frequent. In the towns
you can scarcely call Sunday a holiday. There’s nothing to do but to
walk about the streets. On the whole it does far more harm than good.’

‘Do they never go to church?’ asked Adela. She was experiencing a sort
of irritation against their guest, a feeling traceable to more than one
source; Mutimer’s frequent glances did not tend to soothe it. She asked
the question rather in a spirit of adverse criticism.

‘The working people don’t,’ was the reply, ‘except a Dissenting family
here and there.’

‘Perhaps that is one explanation of the Sundays being useless to them.’

Adela would scarcely have ventured upon such a tone in reference to any
secular matter; the subject being religion, she was of course justified
in expressing herself freely.

Mutimer smiled and held back his rejoinder for a moment. By that time
Alfred had taken his pipe from his lips and was giving utterance to
unmeasured scorn.

‘But, Mr. Mutimer,’ said Mrs. Waltham, waving aside her son’s vehemence,
‘you don’t seriously tell us that the working people have no religion?
Surely that would be too shocking!’

‘Yes, I say it seriously, Mrs. Waltham. In the ordinary sense of the
word, they have no religion. The truth is, they have no time to think of

‘Oh, but surely it needs no thought--’

Alfred exploded.

‘I mean,’ pursued his mother, ‘that, however busy we are, there must
always be intervals to be spared from the world.’

Mutimer again delayed his reply. A look which he cast at Adela appeared
to move her to speech.

‘Have they not their evenings free, as well as every Sunday?’

‘Happily, Miss Waltham, you can’t realise their lives,’ Richard began.
He was not smiling now; Adela’s tone had struck him like a challenge,
and he collected himself to meet her. ‘The man who lives on wages is
never free; he sells himself body and soul to his employer. What sort of
freedom does a man enjoy who may any day find himself and his family on
the point of starvation just because he has lost his work? All his life
long he has before his mind the fear of want--not only of straitened
means, mind you, but of destitution and the workhouse. How can such a
man put aside his common cares? Religion is a luxury; the working man
has no luxuries. Now, you speak of the free evenings; people always do,
when they’re asking why the working classes don’t educate themselves. Do
you understand what that free evening means? He gets home, say, at six
o’clock, tired out; he has to be up again perhaps at five next morning.
What can he do but just lie about half asleep? Why, that’s the whole
principle of the capitalist system of employment; it’s calculated
exactly how long a man can be made to work in a day without making
him incapable of beginning again on the day following--just as it’s
calculated exactly how little a man can live upon, in the regulation of
wages. If the workman returned home with strength to spare,
employers would soon find it out, and workshop legislation would be
revised--because of course it’s the capitalists that make the laws. The
principle is that a man shall have no strength left for himself; it’s
all paid for, every scrap of it, bought with the wages at each week end.
What religion can such men have? Religion, I suppose, means thankfulness
for life and its pleasures--at all events, that’s a great part of
it--and what has a wage-earner to be thankful for?’

‘It sounds very shocking,’ observed Mrs. Waltham, somewhat disturbed
by the speaker’s growing earnestness. Richard paid no attention and
continued to address Adela.

‘I dare say you’ve heard of the early trains--workmen’s trains--that
they run on the London railways. If only you could travel once by one of
those! Between station and station there’s scarcely a man or boy in the
carriage who can keep awake; there they sit, leaning over against each
other, their heads dropping forward, their eyelids that heavy they can’t
hold them up. I tell you it’s one of the most miserable sights to be
seen in this world. If you saw it, Miss Waltham, you’d pity them, I’m
very sure of that! You only need to know what their life means. People
who have never known hardship often speak more cruelly than they think,
and of course it always will be so as long as the rich and the poor
are two different races, as much apart as if there was an ocean between

Adela’s cheeks were warm. It was a novel sensation to be rebuked in
this unconventional way. She was feeling a touch of shame as well as
the slight resentment which was partly her class-instinct, partly of her

‘I feel that I have no right to give any opinion,’ she said in an

‘Meaning, Adela,’ commented her brother, ‘that you have a very strong
opinion and stick to it.’

‘One thing I dare say you are thinking, Miss Waltham,’ Richard pursued,
‘if you’ll allow me to say it. You think that I myself don’t exactly
prove what I’ve been saying--I mean to say, that I at all events have
had free time, not only to read and reflect, but to give lectures and so
on. Yes, and I’ll explain that. It was my good fortune to have a father
and mother who were very careful and hard-working and thoughtful people;
I and my sister and brother were brought up in an orderly home, and
taught from the first that ceaseless labour and strict economy were the
things always to be kept in mind. All that was just fortunate chance;
I’m not praising myself in saying I’ve been able to get more into my
time than most other working men; it’s my father and mother I have to
thank for it. Suppose they’d been as ignorant and careless as most of
their class are made by the hard lot they have to endure; why, I should
have followed them, that’s all. We’ve never had to go without a meal,
and why? Just because we’ve all of us worked like slaves and never
allowed ourselves to think of rest or enjoyment. When my father died, of
course we had to be more careful than ever; but there were three of us
to earn money, fortunately, and we kept up the home. We put our money by
for the club every week, what’s more.’

‘The club?’ queried Miss Waltham, to whom the word suggested Pall Mall
and vague glories which dwelt in her imagination.

‘That’s to make provision for times when we’re ill or can’t get work,’
Mutimer explained. ‘If a wage-earner falls ill, what has he to look to?
The capitalist won’t trouble himself to keep him alive; there’s plenty
to take his place. Well, that’s my position, or was a few months ago. I
don’t suppose any workman has had more advantages. Take it as an example
of the most we can hope for, and pray say what it amounts to! Just on
the right side, just keeping afloat, just screwing out an hour here
and there to work your brain when you ought to be taking wholesome
recreation! That’s nothing very grand, it seems to me. Yet people will
point to it and ask what there is to grumble at!’

Adela sat uneasily under Mutimer’s gaze; she kept her eyes down.

‘And I’m not sure that I should always have got on as easily,’ the
speaker continued. ‘Only a day or two before I heard of my relative’s
death, I’d just been dismissed from my employment; that was because
they didn’t like my opinions. Well, I don’t say they hadn’t a right
to dismiss me, just as I suppose you’ve a right to kill as many of the
enemy as you can in time of war. But suppose I couldn’t have got work
anywhere. I had nothing but my hands to depend upon; if I couldn’t sell
my muscles I must starve, that’s all.’

Adela looked at him for almost the first time. She had heard this story
from her brother, but it came more impressively from Mutimer’s own
lips. A sort of heroism was involved in it, the championship of a cause
regardless of self. She remained thoughtful with troublous colours on
her face.

Mrs. Waltham was more obviously uneasy. There are certain things to
which in good society one does not refer, first and foremost humiliating
antecedents. The present circumstances were exceptional to be sure,
but it was to be hoped that Mr. Mutimer would outgrow this habit of
advertising his origin. Let him talk of the working-classes if he liked,
but always in the third person. The good lady began to reflect whether
she might not venture shortly to give him friendly hints on this and
similar subjects.

But it was nearly tea-time. Mrs. Waltham shortly rose and went into the
house, whither Alfred followed her. Mutimer kept his seat, and Adela
could not leave him to himself, though for the moment he seemed
unconscious of her presence. When they had been alone together for a
little while, Richard broke the silence.

‘I hope I didn’t speak rudely to you; Miss Waltham. I don’t think I need
fear to say what I mean, but I know there are always two ways of saying
things, and perhaps I chose the roughest.’

Adela was conscious of having said a few hard things mentally, and this
apology, delivered in a very honest voice, appealed to her instinct of
justice. She did not like Mutimer, and consequently strove against the
prejudice which the very sound of his voice aroused in her; it was her
nature to aim thus at equity in her personal judgments.

‘To describe hard things we must use hard words,’ she replied
pleasantly, ‘but you said nothing that could offend.’

‘I fear you haven’t much sympathy with my way of looking at the
question. I seem to you to be going to work the wrong way.’

‘I certainly think you value too little the means of happiness that we
all have within our reach, rich and poor alike.’

‘Ah, if you could only see into the life of the poor, you would
acknowledge that those means are and can be nothing to them. Besides,
my way of thinking in such things is the same as your brother’s, and I
can’t expect you to see any good in it.’

Adela shook her head slightly. She had risen and was examining the
leaves upon an apple branch which she had drawn down.

‘But I’m sure you feel that there is need for doing something,’ he
urged, quitting his seat. ‘You’re not indifferent to the hard lives of
the people, as most people are who have always lived comfortable lives?’

She let the branch spring up, and spoke more coldly.

‘I hope I am not indifferent; but it is not in my power to do anything.’

‘Will you let me say that you are mistaken in that?’ Mutimer had never
before felt himself constrained to qualify and adorn his phrases; the
necessity made him awkward. Not only did he aim at polite modes of
speech altogether foreign to his lips, but his own voice sounded strange
to him in its forced suppression. He did not as yet succeed in regarding
himself from the outside and criticising the influences which had got
hold upon him; he was only conscious that a young lady--the very type of
young lady that a little while ago he would have held up for scorn--was
subduing his nature by her mere presence and exacting homage from him
to which she was wholly indifferent. ‘Everyone can give help in such a
cause as this. You can work upon the minds of the people you talk with
and get them to throw away their prejudices. The cause of the working
classes seems so hopeless just because they’re too far away to catch the
ears of those who oppress them.’

‘I do not oppress them, Mr. Mutimer.’

Adela spoke with a touch of impatience. She wished to bring this
conversation to an end, and the man would give her no opportunity of
doing so. She was not in reality paying attention to his arguments, as
was evident in her echo of his last words.

‘Not willingly, but none the less you do so,’ he rejoined. ‘Everyone
who lives at ease and without a thought of changing the present state
of society is tyrannising over the people. Every article of clothing
you put on means a life worn out somewhere in a factory. What would your
existence be without the toil of those men and women who live and die
in want of every comfort which seems as natural to you as the air you
breathe? Don’t you feel that you owe them something? It’s a debt
that can very easily be forgotten, I know that, and just because the
creditors are too weak to claim it. Think of it in that way, and I’m
quite sure you won’t let it slip from your mind again.’

Alfred came towards them, announcing that tea was ready, and Adela
gladly moved away.

‘You won’t make any impression there,’ said Alfred with a shrug of
good-natured contempt. ‘Argument isn’t understood by women. Now, if you
were a revivalist preacher--’ Mrs. Waltham and Adela went to church.
Mutimer returned to his lodgings, leaving his friend Waltham smoking in
the garden.

On the way home after service, Adela had a brief murmured conversation
with Letty Tew. Her mother was walking out with Mrs. Mewling.

‘It was evidently pre-arranged,’ said the latter, after recounting
certain details in a tone of confidence. ‘I was quite shocked. On _his_
part such conduct is nothing less than disgraceful. Adela, of course,
cannot be expected to know.’

‘I must tell her,’ was the reply.

Adela was sitting rather dreamily in her bedroom a couple of hours later
when her mother entered.

‘Little girls shouldn’t tell stories,’ Mrs. Waltham began, with
playfulness which was not quite natural. ‘Who was it that wanted to go
and speak a word to Letty this afternoon?’

‘It wasn’t altogether a story, mother,’ pleaded the girl, shamed,
but with an endeavour to speak independently. ‘I did want to speak to

‘And you put it off, I suppose? Really, Adela, you must remember that
a girl of your age has to be mindful of her self-respect. In Wanley you
can’t escape notice; besides--’

‘Let me explain, mother.’ Adela’s voice was made firm by the suggestion
that she had behaved unbecomingly. ‘I went to Letty first of all to tell
her of a difficulty I was in. Yesterday afternoon I happened to meet Mr.
Eldon, and when he was saying good-bye I asked him if he wouldn’t come
and see you before he left Wanley. He promised to come this afternoon.
At the time of course I didn’t know that Alfred had invited Mr. Mutimer.
It would have been so disagreeable for Mr. Eldon to meet him here, I
made up my mind to walk towards the Manor and tell Mr. Eldon what had

‘Why should Mr. Eldon have found the meeting with Mr. Mutimer

‘They don’t like each other.’

‘I dare say not. Perhaps it was as well Mr. Eldon didn’t come. I should
most likely have refused to see him.’

‘Refused to see him, mother?’

Adela gazed in the utmost astonishment.

‘Yes, my dear. I haven’t spoken to you about Mr. Eldon, just because I
took it for granted that he would never come in your way again. That he
should have dared to speak to you is something beyond what I could have
imagined. When I went to see Mrs. Eldon on Friday I didn’t take you with
me, for fear lest that young man should show himself. It was impossible
for you to be in the same room with him.’

‘With Mr. Hubert Eldon? My dearest mother, what are you saying?’

‘Of course it surprises you, Adela. I too was surprised. I thought
there might be no need to speak to you of things you ought never to hear
mentioned, but now I am afraid I have no choice. The sad truth is that
Mr. Eldon has utterly disgraced himself. When he ought to have been here
to attend Mr. Mutimer’s funeral, he was living at Paris and other such
places in the most shocking dissipation. Things are reported of him
which I could not breathe to you; he is a bad young man!’

The inclusiveness of that description! Mrs. Waltham’s head quivered as
she gave utterance to the words, for at least half of the feeling
she expressed was genuine. To her hearer the final phrase was like a
thunderstroke. In a certain profound work on the history of her country
which she had been in the habit of studying, the author, discussing the
character of Oliver Cromwell, achieved a most impressive climax in the
words, ‘He was a bold, bad man.’ The adjective ‘bad’ derived for Adela
a dark energy from her recollection of that passage; it connoted every
imaginable phase of moral degradation. ‘Dissipation’ too; to her pure
mind the word had a terrible sound; it sketched in lurid outlines
hideous lurking places of vice and disease. ‘Paris and other such
places.’ With the name of Paris she associated a feeling of reprobation;
Paris was the head-quarters of sin--at all events on earth. In Paris
people went to the theatre on Sunday; that fact alone shed storm-light
over the iniquitous capital.

She stood mute with misery, appalled, horrified. It did not occur to her
to doubt the truth of her mother’s accusations; the strange circumstance
of Hubert’s absence when every sentiment of decency would have summoned
him home corroborated the charge. And she had talked familiarly with
this man a few hours ago! Her head swam.

‘Mr. Mutimer knew it,’ proceeded her mother, noting with satisfaction
the effect she was producing. ‘That was why he destroyed the will in
which he had left everything to Mr. Eldon; I have no doubt the grief
killed him. And one thing more I may tell you. Mr. Eldon’s illness
was the result of a wound he received in some shameful quarrel; it is
believed that he fought a duel.’

The girl sank back upon her chair. She was white and breathed with

‘You will understand now, my dear,’ Mrs. Waltham continued, more in her
ordinary voice, ‘why it so shocked me to hear that you had been seen
talking with Mr. Eldon near the Manor. I feared it was an appointment.
Your explanation is all I wanted: it relieves me. The worst of it
is, other people will hear of it, and of course we can’t explain to

‘Why should people hear?’ Adela exclaimed, in a quivering voice. It was
not that she feared to have the story known, but mingled feelings made
her almost passionate. ‘Mrs. Mewling has no right to go about talking of
me. It is very ill-bred, to say nothing of the unkindness.’

‘Ah, but it is what we have to be prepared for, Adela. That is the
world, my child. You see how very careful one has to be. But never mind;
it is most fortunate that the Eldons are going. I am so sorry for poor
Mrs. Eldon; who could have thought that her son would turn out so badly!
And to think that he would have dared to come into my house! At least he
had the decency not to show himself at church.’

Adela sat silent. The warring of her heart made outward sounds

‘After all,’ pursued her mother, as if making a great concession, ‘I
fear it is only too true that those old families become degenerate.
One does hear such shocking stories of the aristocracy. But get to bed,
dear, and don’t let this trouble you. What a very good thing that all
that wealth didn’t go into such hands, isn’t it? Mr. Mutimer will at
all events use it in a decent way; it won’t be scattered in vulgar
dissipation.--Now kiss me, dear. I haven’t been scolding you, pet; it
was only that I felt I had perhaps made a mistake in not telling you
these things before, and I blamed myself rather than you.’

Mrs. Waltham returned to her own room, and after a brief turning over
of speculations and projects begotten of the new aspect of things, found
her reward for conscientiousness in peaceful slumber. But Adela was late
in falling asleep. She, too, had many things to revolve, not worldly
calculations, but the troubled phantasies of a virgin mind which is
experiencing its first shock against the barriers of fate.


Richard Mutimer had strong domestic affections. The English artisan is
not demonstrative in such matters, and throughout his life Richard
had probably exchanged no word of endearment with any one of his kin,
whereas language of the tempestuous kind was common enough from him to
one and all of them; for all that he clung closely to the hearth,
and nothing in truth concerned him so nearly as the well-being of his
mother, his sister, and his brother. For them he had rejoiced as much
as for himself in the blessing of fortune. Now that the excitement of
change had had time to subside, Richard found himself realising the fact
that capital creates cares as well as removes them, and just now the
centre of his anxieties lay in the house at Highbury to which his family
had removed from Wilton Square.

He believed that as yet both the Princess and ‘Arry were ignorant of the
true state of affairs. It had been represented to them that he had ‘come
in for’ a handsome legacy from his relative in the Midlands, together
with certain business responsibilities which would keep him much away
from home; they were given to understand that the change in their own
position and prospects was entirely of their brother’s making. If Alice
Maud was allowed to give up her work, to wear more expensive gowns, even
to receive lessons on the pianoforte, she had to thank Dick for it. And
when ‘Arry was told that his clerkship at the drain-pipe manufactory was
about to terminate, that he might enter upon a career likely to be more
fruitful of distinction, again it was Dick’s brotherly kindness. Mrs.
Mutimer did her best to keep up this deception.

But Richard was well aware that the deception could not be lasting,
and had the Princess alone been concerned he would probably never have
commenced it. It was about his brother that he was really anxious. ‘Arry
might hear the truth any day, and Richard gravely feared the result of
such a discovery. Had he been destined to future statesmanship, he
could not have gone through a more profitable course of experience and
reasoning than that into which he was led by brotherly solicitude. For
‘Arry represented a very large section of Demos, alike in his natural
characteristics and in the circumstances of his position; ‘Arry, being
‘Arry, was on the threshold of emancipation, and without the smallest
likelihood that the event would change his nature. Hence the nut to
crack: Given ‘Arry, by what rapid process of discipline can he be
prepared for a state in which the ‘Arrian characteristics will surely
prove ruinous not only to himself but to all with whom he has dealings?

Richard saw reason to deeply regret that the youth had been put
to clerking in the first instance, and not rather trained for some
handicraft, clerkships being about the least hopeful of positions for a
working-class lad of small parts and pronounced blackguard tendencies.
He came to the conclusion that even now it was not too late to remedy
this error. ‘Arry must be taught what work meant, and, before he came
into possession of his means, he must, if possible, be led to devote his
poor washy brains to some pursuit quite compatible with the standing of
a capitalist, to acquire knowledge of a kind which he could afterwards
use for the benefit of his own pocket. Deficient bodily vigour had
had something to do with his elevation to the office of the drain-pipe
factory, but that he appeared to have outgrown. Much pondering enabled
Richard to hit at length on what he considered a hopeful scheme; he
would apprentice ‘Arry to engineering, and send him in the evenings to
follow the courses of lectures given to working men at the School of
Mines. In this way the lad would be kept constantly occupied, he would
learn the meaning of work and study, and when he became of age would be
in a position to take up some capitalist enterprise. Thus he might
float clear of the shoals of black-guardism and develop into a tolerable
member of society, at all events using his wealth in the direct
employment of labour.

We have seen Richard engaged in asthetic speculation; now we behold him
busied in the training of a representative capitalist. But the world
would be a terrible place if the men of individual energy were at all
times consistent. Richard knew well enough that in planning thus for
his brother’s future he was inconsistency itself; but then the matter at
issue concerned someone in whom he had a strong personal interest, and
consequently he took counsel of facts. When it was only the world at
large that he was bent on benefiting, too shrewd a sifting of arguments
was not called for, and might seriously have interfered with his
oratorical effects. In regulating private interests one cares singularly
little for anything but hard demonstration and the logic of cause and

It was now more than a month since ‘Arry had been removed from the
drain-pipes and set going on his new course, and Richard was watching
the experiment gravely. Connected with it was his exceptional stay
at Wanley over the Sunday; he designed to go up to London quite
unexpectedly about the middle of the ensuing week, that he might see
how things worked in his absence. It is true there had been another
inducement to remain in the village, for Richard had troubles of his own
in addition to those imposed upon him by his family. The Manor was now
at his disposal; as soon as he had furnished it there was no longer
a reason for delaying his marriage. In appearance, that is to say;
inwardly there had been growing for some weeks reasons manifold. They
tormented him. For the first time in his life he had begun to sleep
indifferently; when he had resolutely put from his mind thought of Alice
and ‘Arry, and seemed ready for repose, there crept out of less obvious
lurking-places subtle temptations and suggestions which fevered his
blood and only allured the more, the more they disquieted him. This
Sunday night was the worst he had yet known. When he left the Walthams,
he occupied himself for an hour or two in writing letters, resolutely
subduing his thoughts to the subjects of his correspondence. Then he
ate supper, and after that walked to the top of Stanbury Hill, hoping to
tire himself. But he returned as little prepared for sleep as he had set
out. Now he endeavoured to think of Emma Vine; by way of help, he
sat down and began a letter to her. But composition had never been so
difficult; he positively had nothing to say. Still he must think of her.
When he went up to town on Tuesday or Wednesday one of his first duties
would be to appoint a day for his marriage. And he felt that it would be
a duty harder to perform than any he had ever known. She seemed to have
drifted so far from him, or he from her. It was difficult even to see
her face in imagination; another face always came instead, and indeed
needed no summoning.

He rose next morning with a stern determination to marry Emma Vine in
less than a month from that date.

On Tuesday he went to London. A hansom put him down before the house
in Highbury about six o’clock. It was a semidetached villa, stuccoed,
bow-windowed, of two storeys, standing pleasantly on a wide road skirted
by similar dwellings, and with a row of acacias in front. He admitted
himself with a latch-key and walked at once into the front room; it was
vacant. He went to the dining-room and there found his mother at tea
with Alice and ‘Arry.

Mrs. Mutimer and her younger son were in appearance very much what
they had been in their former state. The mother’s dress was of better
material, but she was not otherwise outwardly changed. ‘Arry was attired
nearly as when we saw him in a festive condition on the evening of
Easter Sunday; the elegance then reserved for high days and holidays
now distinguished him every evening when the guise of the workshop was
thrown off. He still wore a waistcoat of pronounced cut, a striking
collar, a necktie of remarkable hue. It was not necessary to approach
him closely to be aware that his person was sprinkled with perfumes. A
recent acquisition was a heavy-looking ring on the little finger of his
right hand. Had you been of his intimates, ‘Arry would have explained
to you the double advantage of this ring; not only did it serve as an
adornment, but, as playful demonstration might indicate, it would prove
of singular efficacy in pugilistic conflict.

At the sight of his elder brother, ‘Arry hastily put his hands beneath
the table, drew off the ornament, and consigned it furtively to his
waistcoat pocket.

But Alice Maud was by no means what she had been. In all that concerned
his sister, Mutimer was weak; he could quarrel with her, and abuse
her roundly for frailties, but none the less was it one of his keenest
pleasures to see her contented, even in ways that went quite against
his conscience. He might rail against the vanity of dress, but if Alice
needed a new gown, Richard was the first to notice it. The neat little
silver watch she carried was a gift from himself of some years back;
with difficulty he had resisted the temptation to replace it with a gold
one now that it was in his power to do so. Tolerable taste and handiness
with her needle had always kept Alice rather more ladylike in appearance
than the girls of her class are wont to be, but such comparative
distinction no longer sufficed. After certain struggles with himself,
Richard had told his mother that Alice must in future dress ‘as a lady’;
he authorised her to procure the services of a competent dressmaker,
and, within the bounds of moderation, to expend freely. And the result
was on the whole satisfactory. A girl of good figure, pretty face, and
moderate wit, who has spent some years in a City showroom, does not need
much instruction in the art of wearing fashionable attire becomingly.
Alice wore this evening a gown which would not have been out of place at
five o’clock in a West-end drawing-room; the sleeves were rather short,
sufficiently so to exhibit a very shapely lower arm. She had discovered
new ways of doing her hair; at present it was braided on either side of
the forehead--a style which gave almost a thoughtful air to her face.
When her brother entered she was eating a piece of sponge-cake, which
she held to her lips with peculiar delicacy, as if rehearsing graces.

‘Why, there now!’ cried Mrs. Mutimer, pleased to see her son. ‘If I
wasn’t saying not five minutes ago as Dick was likely to come some day
in the week! Wasn’t I, Alice? What’ll you have for your tea? There’s
some chops all ready in the ‘ouse, if you’d care for them.’

Richard was not in a cheerful mood. He made no reply immediately, but
went and stood before the fireplace, as he had been accustomed to do in
the old kitchen.

‘Will you have a chop?’ repeated his mother.

‘No; I won’t eat just yet. But you can give me a cup of tea.’

Mrs. Mutimer and Alice exchanged a glance, as the former bent over the
teapot. Richard was regarding his brother askance, and it resulted in a
question, rather sharply put--

‘Have you been to work to-day?’

‘Arry would have lied had he dared; as it was, he made his plate
revolve, and murmured, ‘No; he ‘adn’t.’

‘Why not?’

‘I didn’t feel well,’ replied the youth, struggling for self-confidence
and doing his best to put on an air of patient suffering.

Richard tapped his tea-cup and looked the look of one who reserves
discussion for a more seasonable time.

‘Daniel called last night,’ remarked Mrs. Mutimer. ‘He says he wants to
see you. I think it’s something particular; he seemed disappointed you
weren’t at the meeting on Sunday.’

‘Did he? I’ll see if I can get round to-night. If you like to have
something cooked for me about eight o’clock, mother,’ he added,
consulting his watch, ‘I shall be ready for it then.’

He turned to his brother again.

‘Is there a class to-night? No? Very well, when they’ve cleared away,
get your books out and show me what you’ve been doing. What are _you_
going to do with yourself, Alice?’

The two addressed, as well as their mother, appeared to have some
special cause for embarrassment. Instead of immediately replying, Alice
played with crumbs and stole glances on either side.

‘Me and ‘Arry are going out,’ she said at length, with a rather timid
smile and a poise of the head in pretty wilfulness.

‘Not ‘Arry,’ Richard observed significantly.

‘Why not?’ came from the younger Mutimer, with access of boldness.

‘If you’re not well enough to go to work you certainly don’t go out at
night for your pleasure.’

‘But it’s a particular occasion,’ explained Mice, leaning back with
crossed arms, evidently prepared to do battle. ‘A friend of ‘Arry’s is
going to call and take us to the theatre.’

‘Oh, indeed! And what friend is that?’

Mrs. Mutimer, who had been talked over to compliance with a project she
felt Richard would not approve--she had no longer the old authority,
and spent her days in trying to piece on the present life to the
former--found refuge in a habit more suitable to the kitchen than the
dining-room; she had collected all the teaspoons within reach and was
pouring hot-water upon them in the slop-basin, the familiar preliminary
to washing up.

‘A gen’leman as lives near here,’ responded ‘Arry. ‘He writes for the
newspapers. His name’s Keene.’

‘Oh? And how came you to know him?’

‘Met him,’ was the airy reply.

‘And you’ve brought him here?’

‘Well, he’s been here once.’

‘He said as he wanted to know you, Dick,’ put in Mrs. Mutimer. ‘He was
really a civil-spoken man, and he gave ‘Arry a lot of help with his

‘When was he here?’

‘Last Friday.’

‘And to-night he wants to take you to the theatre?’

The question was addressed to Alice.

‘It won’t cost him anything,’ she replied. ‘He says he can always get
free passes.’

‘No doubt. Is he coming here to fetch you? I shall be glad to see him.’

Richard’s tone was ambiguous. He put down his cup, and said to Alice--

‘Come and let me hear how you get on with your playing.’ Alice followed
into the drawing-room. For the furnishing of the new house Richard had
not trusted to his own instincts, but had taken counsel with a firm
that he knew from advertisements. The result was commonplace, but not
intolerable. His front room was regarded as the Princess’s peculiar
domain; she alone dared to use it freely--declined, indeed, to sit
elsewhere. Her mother only came a few feet within the door now and then;
if obliged by Alice to sit down, she did so on the edge of a chair as
near to the door as possible. Most of her time Mrs. Mutimer still
spent in the kitchen. She had resolutely refused to keep more than one
servant, and everything that servant did she all Alice’s objections she
opposed an obstinate silence. What herself performed over again, even
to the making of beds. To was the poor woman to do? She had never in her
life read more than an occasional paragraph of police news, and could
not be expected to take up literature at her age. Though she made
no complaint, signs were not wanting that she had begun to suffer in
health. She fretted through the nights, and was never really at peace
save when she anticipated the servant in rising early, and had an honest
scrub at saucepans or fireirons before breakfast. Her main discomfort
came of the feeling that she no longer had a house of her own; nothing
about her seemed to be her property with the exception of her old
kitchen clock, and one or two articles she could not have borne to part
with. From being a rather talkative woman she had become very reticent;
she went about uneasily, with a look of suspicion or of fear. Her
children she no longer ventured to command; the secret of their wealth
weighed upon her, she was in constant dread on their behalf. It is a
bad thing for one such as Mrs. Mutimer to be thrown back upon herself in
novel circumstances, and practically debarred from the only relief
which will avail her--free discussion with her own kind. The result is
a species of shock to the system, sure to manifest itself before long in
one or other form of debility.

Alice seated herself at the piano, and began a finger exercise,
laboriously, imperfectly. For the first week or two it had given her
vast satisfaction to be learning the piano; what more certain sign
of having achieved ladyhood? It pleased her to assume airs with her
teacher--a very deferential lady--to put off a lesson for a fit of
languidness; to let it be understood how entirely time was at her
command. Now she was growing rather weary of flats and sharps, and much
preferred to read of persons to whom the same nomenclature was very
applicable in the books she obtained from a circulating library. Her
reading had hitherto been confined to the fiction of the penny papers;
to procure her pleasure in three gaily-bound volumes was another
evidence of rise in the social scale; it was like ordering your wine by
the dozen after being accustomed to a poor chance bottle now and then.
At present Alice spent the greater part of her day floating on the
gentle milky stream of English romance. Her brother was made a little
uneasy by this taste; he had not studied the literature in question.

At half-past six a loud knock at the front door announced the expected
visitor. Alice turned from the piano, and looked at her brother
apprehensively. Richard rose, and established himself on the hearthrug,
his hands behind him.

‘What are you going to say to him, Dick?’ Alice asked hurriedly.

‘He says he wants to know me. I shall say, “Here I am.”’

There were voices outside. ‘Arry had opened the door himself, and now he
ushered his acquaintance into the drawing-room. Mr. Keene proved to be
a man of uncertain age--he might be eight-and-twenty, but was more
probably ten years older. He was meagre, and of shrewd visage; he wore a
black frock coat--rather shiny at the back--and his collar was obviously
of paper. Incipient baldness endowed him in appearance with a noble
forehead; he carried eye-glasses.

Whilst ‘Arry mumbled a form of introduction, the journalist--so Mr.
Keene described himself--stood in a bowing attitude, one hand to
his glasses, seeming to inspect Richard with extreme yet respectful
interest. When he spoke, it was in a rather mincing way, with
interjected murmurs--the involuntary overflow, as it were, of his deep

‘There are few persons in England whose acquaintance I desire more
than that of Mr. Richard Mutimer; indeed, I may leave the statement
unqualified and say at once that there is no one. I have heard you speak
in public, Mr. Mutimer. My profession has necessarily led me to hear
most of our platform orators, and in one respect you distance them
all--in the quality of sincerity. No speaker ever moved me as you did.
I had long been interested in your cause; I had long wished for time
and opportunity to examine into it thoroughly. Your address--I speak
seriously--removed the necessity of further study. I am of your party,
Mr. Mutimer. There is nothing I desire so much as to give and take the
hand of brotherhood.’

He jerked his hand forward, still preserving his respectful attitude.
Richard gave his own hand carelessly, smiling as a man does who cannot
but enjoy flattery yet has a strong desire to kick the flatterer out of
the room.

‘Are you a member of the Union?’ he inquired.

‘With pride I profess myself a member. Some day--and that at no remote
date--I may have it in my power to serve the cause materially.’ He
smiled meaningly. ‘The press--you understand?’ He spread his fingers to
represent wide dominion. ‘An ally to whom the columns of the _bourgeois_
press are open--you perceive? It is the task of my life.’

‘What papers do you write for?’ asked Mutimer bluntly.

‘Several, several. Not as yet in a leading capacity. In fact, I am
feeling my way. With ends such as I propose to myself it won’t do to
stand committed to any formal creed in politics. Politics, indeed! Ha,

He laughed scornfully. Then, turning to Alice--

‘You will forgive me, I am sure, Miss Mutimer, that I address myself
first to your brother--I had almost said your illustrious brother. To be
confessed illustrious some day, depend upon it. I trust you are well?’

‘Thanks, I’m very well indeed,’ murmured Alice, rather disconcerted by
such politeness.

‘And Mrs. Mutimer? That is well. By-the-by,’ he proceeded to Richard,
‘I have a piece of work in hand that will deeply interest you. I am
translating the great treatise of Marx, “Das capital.” It occurs to me
that a chapter now and then might see the light in the “Fiery Cross.”
 How do you view that suggestion?’

Richard did not care to hide his suspicion, and even such an
announcement as this failed to move him to cordiality.

‘You might drop a line about it to Mr. Westlake,’ he said.

‘Mr. Westlake? Oh! but I quite understood that you had practically the
conduct of the paper.’

Richard again smiled.

‘Mr. Westlake edits it,’ he said.

Mr. Keene waved his hand in sign of friendly intelligence. Then he
changed the subject.

‘I ventured to put at Miss Mutimer’s disposal certain tickets I
hold--professionally--for the Regent’s Theatre to-night--the dress
circle. I have five seats in all. May I have the pleasure of your
company, Mr. Mutimer?’

‘I’m only in town for a night,’ Richard replied; ‘and I can’t very well
spare the time.’

‘To be sure, to be sure; I was inconsiderate. Then Miss Mutimer and my
friend Harry--’

‘I’m sorry they’re not at liberty,’ was Richard’s answer to the murmured
interrogation. ‘If they had accepted your invitation be’ so good as to
excuse them. I happen to want them particularly this evening.’

‘In that case, I have of course not a word to say, save to express my
deep regret at losing the pleasure of their company. But another time,
I trust. I--I feel presumptuous, but it is my earnest hope to be allowed
to stand on the footing not only of a comrade in the cause, but of a
neighbour; I live quite near. Forgive me if I seem a little precipitate.
The privilege is so inestimable.’

Richard made no answer, and Mr. Keene forthwith took his leave, suave to
the last. When he was gone, Richard went to the dining-room, where his
mother was sitting. Mrs. Mutimer would have given much to be allowed to
sit in the kitchen; she had a room of her own upstairs, but there
she felt too remote from the centre of domestic operations, and the
dining-room was a compromise. Her chair was always placed in a rather
dusky corner; she generally had sewing on her lap, but the consciousness
that her needle was not really in demand, and that she might just as
well have sat idle, troubled her habits of mind. She often had the face
of one growing prematurely aged.

‘I hope you won’t let them bring anyone they like,’ Richard said to her.
‘I’ve sent that fellow about his business; he’s here for no good. He
mustn’t come again.’

‘They won’t heed me,’ replied Mrs. Mutimer, using the tone of little
interest with which she was accustomed to speak of details of the new

‘Well, then, they’ve _got_ to heed you, and I’ll have that
understood.--Why didn’t ‘Arry go to work to-day?’

‘Didn’t want to, I s’pose.’

‘Has he stayed at home often lately?’

‘Not at ‘ome, but I expect he doesn’t always go to work.’

‘Will you go and sit with Alice in the front room? I’ll have a talk with

‘Arry came whistling at the summons. There was a nasty look on his face,
the look which in his character corresponded to Richard’s resoluteness.
His brother eyed him.

‘Look here, ‘Arry,’ the elder began, ‘I want this explaining. What do
you mean by shirking your work?’

There was no reply. ‘Arry strode to the window and leaned against the
side of it, in the attitude of a Sunday loafer waiting for the dram-shop
to open.

‘If this goes on,’ Richard pursued, ‘you’ll find yourself in your old
position again. I’ve gone to a good deal of trouble to give you a start,
and it seems to me you ought to show a better spirit. We’d better have
an understanding; do you mean to learn engineering, or don’t you?’

‘I don’t see the use of it,’ said the other.

‘What do you mean? I suppose you must make your living somehow?’

‘Arry laughed, and in such a way that Richard looked at him keenly, his
brow gathering darkness.

‘What are you laughing at?’

‘Why, at you. There’s no more need for me to work for a living than
there is for you. As if I didn’t know that!’

‘Who’s been putting that into your head?’

No scruple prevented the lad from breaking a promise he had made to Mr.
Keene, the journalist, when the latter explained to him the disposition
of the deceased Richard Mutimer’s estate; it was only that he preferred
to get himself credit for acuteness.

‘Why, you don’t think I was to be kept in the dark about a thing like
that? It’s just like you to want to make a fellow sweat the flesh off
his bones when all the time there’s a fortune waiting for him. What have
I got to work for, I’d like to know? I don’t just see the fun of it, and
you wouldn’t neither, in my case. You’ve took jolly good care you don’t
work yourself, trust you! I ain’t a-going to work no more, so there it
is, plain and flat.’

Richard was not prepared for this; he could not hit at once on a new
course of procedure, and probably it was the uncertainty revealed in
his countenance that brought ‘Arry to a pitch of boldness not altogether
premeditated. The lad came from the window, thrust his hands more firmly
into his pockets and stood prepared to do battle for his freeman’s
rights It is not every day that a youth of his stamp finds himself
gloriously capable of renouncing work. There was something like a glow
of conscious virtue on his face.

‘You’re not going to work any more, eh?’ said his brother, half to
himself. ‘And who’s going to support you?’ he asked, with rather forced

‘There’s interest per cent. coming out of my money.’

‘Arry must not be credited with conscious accuracy in his use of terms;
he merely jumbled together two words which had stuck in his memory.

‘Oh? And what are you going to do with your time?’

‘That’s my business. How do other men spend their time?’

The reply was obvious, but Richard felt the full seriousness of the
situation and restrained his scornful impulses.

‘Sit down, will you?’ he said quietly, pointing to a chair.

His tone availed more than anger would have done.

‘You tell me I take good care not to do any work myself? There you’re
wrong. I’m working hard every day.’

‘Oh, we know what kind of work that is!’

‘No, I don’t think you do. Perhaps it would be as well if you were to
see. I think you’d better go to Wanley with me.’

‘What for?’

‘I dare say I can give you a job for awhile.’

‘I tell you I don’t want a job.’

Richard’s eye wandered rather vacantly. From the first it had been
a question with him whether it would not be best to employ ‘Arry at
Wanley, but on the whole the scheme adopted seemed more fruitful. Had
the works been fully established it would have been a different thing.
Even now he could keep the lad at work at Wanley, though not exactly
in the way he desired. But if it came to a choice between a life of
idleness in London and such employment as could be found for him at the
works, ‘Arry must clearly leave town at once. In a few days the Manor
would be furnished; in a few weeks Emma would be there to keep house.

There was the difficulty of leaving his mother and sister alone.
It looked as if all would have to quit London. Yet there would be
awkwardness in housing the whole family at the Manor; and besides--

What the ‘besides’ implied Richard did not make formal even in his own
thoughts. It stood for a vague objection to having all his relatives
dwelling at Wanley. Alice he would not mind; it was not impossible to
picture Alice in conversation with Mrs. and Miss Waltham; indeed, he
desired that for her. And yet--

Richard was at an awkward pass. Whithersoever he looked he saw
stumbling-blocks, the more disagreeable in that they rather loomed in a
sort of mist than declared themselves for what they were. He had not the
courage to approach and examine them one by one; he had not the audacity
to imagine leaps over them; yet somehow they had to be surmounted. At
this moment, whilst ‘Arry was waiting for the rejoinder to his last
reply, Richard found himself wrestling again with the troubles which had
kept him wakeful for the last two nights. He had believed them finally
thrown and got rid of. Behold, they were more stubborn than ever.

He kept silence so long that his brother spoke.

‘What sort of a job is it?’

To his surprise, Richard displayed sudden anger.

‘If you weren’t such a young fool you’d see what’s best for you, and go
on as I meant you to! What do you mean by saying you won’t work? If you
weren’t such a thickhead you might go to school and be taught how to
behave yourself, and how a man ought to live; but it’s no use sending
_you_ to any such place. Can’t you understand that a man with money
has to find some sort of position in the world? I suppose you’d like to
spend the rest of your life in public-houses and music-halls?’

Richard was well aware that to give way to his temper was worse than
useless, and could only defeat every end; but something within him just
now gnawed so intolerably that there was nothing for it but an outbreak.
The difficulties of life were hedging him in--difficulties he could
not have conceived till they became matter of practical experience.
And unfortunately a great many of them were not of an honest kind; they
would not bear exposing. For a man of decision, Mutimer was getting
strangely remote from practical roads.

‘I shall live as I like,’ observed ‘Arry, thrusting out his legs and
bending his body forward, a combination of movements which, I know not
why, especially suggests dissoluteness.

Richard gave up the contest for the present, and went in silence from
the room. As he joined his mother and sister they suddenly ceased

‘Don’t cook anything for me,’ he said, remaining near the door. ‘I’m
going out.’

‘But you must have something to eat,’ protested his mother. ‘See’--she
rose hastily--‘I’ll get a chop done at once.’

‘I couldn’t eat it if you did. I dare say you’ve got some cold meat.
Leave it out for me; I don’t know what time I shall get back.’

‘You’re very unkind, Dick,’ here remarked Alice, who wore a mutinous
look. ‘Why couldn’t you let us go to the theatre?’

Her brother vouchsafed no reply, but withdrew from the room, and almost
immediately left the house. He walked half a mile with his eyes turned
to the ground, then noticed a hansom which was passing empty, and had
himself driven to Hoxton. He alighted near the Britannia Theatre,
and thence made his way by foul streets to a public-house called the
‘Warwick Castle.’ Only two customers occupied the bar; the landlord
stood in his shirt-sleeves, with arms crossed, musing. At the sight of
Mutimer he brightened up, and extended his hand.

‘How d’you do; how d’you do, sir?’ he exclaimed. ‘Glad to see you.’

The shake of the hands was a tribute to old times, the ‘sir’ was a
recognition of changed circumstances. Mr. Nicholas Dabbs, the brother of
Daniel, was not a man to lose anything by failure to acknowledge social
distinctions. A short time ago Daniel had expostulated with his brother
on the use of ‘sir’ to Mutimer, eliciting the profound reply, ‘D’you
think he’d have ‘ad that glass of whisky if I’d called him Dick?’

‘Dan home yet?’ Mutimer inquired.

‘Not been in five minutes. Come round, sir, will you? I know he wants to
see you.’

A portion of the counter was raised, and Richard passed into a parlour
behind the bar.

‘I’ll call him,’ said the landlord.

Daniel appeared immediately.

‘I want a bit of private talk,’ he said to his brother. ‘We’ll have this
door shut, if you don’t mind.’

‘You may as well bring us a drop of something first, Nick,’ put in
Richard. ‘Give the order, Dan.’

‘Wouldn’t have ‘ad it but for the “sir,”’ chuckled Nicholas to himself.
‘Never used to when he come here, unless I stood it.’

Daniel drew a chair to the table and stirred his tumbler thoughtfully,
his nose over the steam.

‘We’re going to have trouble with ‘Arry,’ said Richard, who had seated
himself on a sofa in a dispirited way. ‘Of course someone’s been telling
him, and now the young fool says he’s going to throw up work. I suppose
I shall have to take him down yonder with me.’

‘Better do so,’ assented Daniel, without much attention to the matter.

‘What is it you want to talk about, Dan?’

Mr. Dabbs had a few minutes ago performed the customary evening
cleansing of his hands and face, but it had seemed unnecessary to brush
his hair, which consequently stood upright upon his forehead, a wiry
rampart, just as it had been thrust by the vigorously-applied towel.
This, combined with an unwonted lugubriousness of visage, made Daniel’s
aspect somewhat comical. He kept stirring very deliberately with his

‘Why, it’s this, Dick,’ he began at length. ‘And understand, to begin
with, that I’ve got no complaint to make of nobody; it’s only _things_
as are awk’ard. It’s this way, my boy. When you fust of all come and
told me about what I may call the great transformation scene, you said,
“Now it ain’t a-goin’ to make no difference, Dan,” you said. Now wait
till I’ve finished; I ain’t complainin’ of nobody. Well, and I tried to
‘ope as it wouldn’t make no difference, though I ‘ad my doubts. “Come
an’ see us all just as usu’l,” you said. Well, I tried to do so, and
three or four weeks I come reg’lar, lookin’ in of a Sunday night. But
somehow it wouldn’t work; something ‘ad got out of gear. So I stopped it
off. Then comes ‘Arry a-askin’ why I made myself scarce, sayin’ as th’
old lady and the Princess missed me. So I looked in again; but it was
wuss than before, I saw I’d done better to stay away. So I’ve done ever
since. Y’ understand me, Dick?’

Richard was not entirely at his ease in listening. He tried to smile,
but failed to smile naturally.

‘I don’t see what you found wrong,’ he returned, abruptly.

‘Why, I’m a-tellin’ you, my boy, I didn’t find nothing wrong except in
myself, as you may say. What’s the good o’ beatin’ about the bush? It’s
just this ‘ere, Dick, my lad. When I come to the Square, you know very
well who it was as I come to see. Well, it stands to reason as I can’t
go to the new ‘ouse with the same thoughts as I did to the old. Mind,
I can’t say as she’d ever a’ listened to me; it’s more than likely she
wouldn’t But now that’s all over, and the sooner I forget all about
it the better for me. And th’ only way to forget is to keep myself to
myself,--see, Dick?’

The listener drummed with his fingers on the table, still endeavouring
to smile.

‘I’ve thought about all this, Dan,’ he said at length, with an air of
extreme frankness. ‘In fact, I meant to have a talk with you. Of course
I can’t speak for my sister, and I don’t know that I can even speak to
her about it, but one thing I can say, and that is that she’ll never be
encouraged by me to think herself better than her old friends.’ He gave
a laugh. ‘Why, that ‘ud be a good joke for a man in my position! What am
I working for, if not to do away with distinctions between capital and
labour? You’ll never have my advice to keep away, Do you suppose I shall
cry off with Emma Vine just because I’ve and that you know. Why, who am
I going to marry myself? got more money than I used to have?’

Daniel’s eye was upon him as he said these words, an eye at once
reflective and scrutinising. Richard felt it, and laughed yet more

‘I think we know you better than that,’ responded Dabbs. ‘But it ain’t
quite the same thing, you see. There’s many a man high up has married a
poor girl. I don’t know how it is; perhaps because women is softer than
men, and takes the polish easier. And then we know very well how it
looks when a man as has no money goes after a girl as has a lot. No, no;
it won’t do, Dick.’

It was said with the voice of a man who emphasises a negative in the
hope of eliciting a stronger argument on the other side. But Richard
allowed the negative finality in fact, if not in appearance.

‘Well, it’s for your own deciding, Dan. All I have to say is that you
don’t stay away with my approval. Understand that.’

He left Daniel idly stirring the dregs of his liquor, and went off to
pay another visit. This was to the familiar house in Wilton Square.
There was a notice in the window that dress-making and millinery were
carried on within.

Mrs. Clay (Emma’s sister Kate) opened to him. She was better dressed
than in former days, but still untidy. Emma was out making purchases,
but could not be many minutes. In the kitchen the third sister, Jane,
was busy with her needle; at Richard’s entrance she rose from her chair
with evident feebleness: her illness of the spring had lasted long, and
its effects were grave. The poor girl--she closely resembled Emma in
gentleness of face, but the lines of her countenance were weaker--now
suffered from pronounced heart disease, and the complicated maladies
which rheumatic fever so frequently leaves behind it in women. She
brightened at sight of the visitor, and her eyes continued to rest on
his face with quiet satisfaction.

One of Kate’s children was playing on the floor. The mother caught it up
irritably, and began lamenting the necessity of washing its dirty little
hands and face before packing it off to bed. In a minute or two she went
up stairs to discharge these duties. Between her and Richard there was
never much exchange of words.

‘How are you feeling, Jane?’ Mutimer inquired, taking a seat opposite

‘Better--oh, very much better! The cough hasn’t been not near so
troublesome these last nights.’

‘Mind you don’t do too much work. You ought to have put your sewing
aside by now.’

‘Oh, this is only a bit of my own. I’m sorry to say there isn’t very
much of the other kind to do yet.’

‘Comes in slowly, does it?’ Richard asked, without appearance of much

‘It’ll be better soon, I dare say. People want time, you see, to get to
know of us.’

Richard’s eyes wandered.

‘Have you finished the port wine yet?’ he asked, as if to fill a gap.

‘What an idea! Why, there’s four whole bottles left, and one as I’ve
only had three glasses out of.’

‘Emma was dreadfully disappointed when you didn’t come as usual,’ she
said presently.

Richard nodded.

‘Have you got into your house?’ she asked timidly.

‘It isn’t quite ready yet; but I’ve been seeing about the furnishing.’

Jane dreamed upon the word. It was her habit to escape from the
suffering weakness of her own life to joy in the lot which awaited her

‘And Emma will have a room all to herself?’

Jane had read of ladies’ boudoirs; it was her triumph to have won a
promise from Richard that Emma should have such a chamber.

‘How is it going to be furnished? Do tell me.’

Richard’s imagination was not active in the spheres of upholstery.

‘Well, I can’t yet say,’ he replied, as if with an effort to rouse
himself. ‘How would you like it to be?’

Jane had ever before her mind a vague vision of bright-hued drapery, of
glistening tables and chairs, of nobly patterned carpet, setting which
her heart deemed fit for that priceless jewel, her dear sister. But to
describe it all in words was a task beyond her. And the return of Emma
herself saved her from the necessity of trying.

Hearing her enter the house, Richard went up to meet Emma, and they sat
together in the sitting-room. This room was just as it had been in Mrs.
Mutimer’s day, save for a few ornaments from the mantelpiece, which the
old lady could not be induced to leave behind her. Here customers were
to be received--when they came; a room upstairs was set apart for work.

Emma wore a slightly anxious look; it showed even through her happiness.
None the less, the very perceptible change which the last few months had
wrought in her was in the direction of cheerful activity; her motives
were quicker, her speech had less of self-distrust, she laughed more
freely, displayed more of youthful spontaneity in her whole bearing.
The joy which possessed her at Richard’s coming was never touched with
disappointment at his sober modes of exhibiting affection. The root of
Emma’s character was steadfast faith. She did not allow herself to judge
of Richard by the impulses of her own heart; those, she argued, were
womanly; a man must be more independent in his strength. Of what a man
ought to be she had but one criterion, Richard’s self. Her judgment on
this point had been formed five or six years ago; she felt that nothing
now could ever shake it. All of expressed love that he was pleased
to give her she stored in the shrine of her memory; many a light word
forgotten by the speaker as soon as it was uttered lived still as a part
of the girl’s hourly life, but his reticences she accepted with no less
devout humility. What need of repetitions? He had spoken to her the
decisive word, and it was a column established for ever, a monument
of that over which time had no power. Women are too apt to make their
fondness a source of infinite fears; in Emma growth of love meant growth
of confidence.

‘Does all go well at the works?’ was her first question. For she had
made his interests her own, and was following in ardent imagination the
undertaking which stamped her husband with nobility.

Richard talked on the subject for some moments; it was easier to do so
than to come at once to the words he had in mind. But he worked round by
degrees, fighting the way hard.

‘The house is empty at last.’

‘Is it? And you have gone to live there?’

‘Not yet. I must get some furniture in first.’

Emma kept silence; the shadows of a smile journeyed trembling from her
eyes to her lips.

The question voiced itself from Richard:

‘When will you be ready to go thither?’

‘I’m afraid--I don’t think I must leave them just yet--for a little

He did not look at her. Emma was reading his face; the characters had
become all at once a little puzzling; her own fault, of course, but the
significance she sought was not readily discoverable.

‘Can’t they manage without you?’ he asked. He believed his tone to
express annoyance: in fact, it scarcely did so.

‘I think it won’t be very long before they can,’ Emma replied; ‘we have
some plain sewing to do for Mrs. Robinson at the “Queen’s Head,” and
she’s promised to recommend us. I’ve just called there, and she really
seems anxious to help. If Jane was stronger I shouldn’t mind so much,
but she mustn’t work hard just yet, and Kate has a great deal to do with
the children. Besides, Kate can’t get out of the slop sewing, and of
course that won’t do for this kind of work. She’ll get the stitch very

Richard seemed to be musing.

‘You see’--she moved nearer to his side,--‘it’s only just the beginning.
I’m so afraid that they wouldn’t be able to look about for work if
I left them now. Jane hasn’t the strength to go and see people; and
Kate--well, you know, Richard, she can’t quite suit herself to people’s
fancies. I’m sure I can do so much in a few weeks; just that’ll make all
the difference. The beginning’s everything, isn’t it?’

Richard’s eye travelled over her face. He was not without understanding
of the nobleness which housed in that plain-clad, simple-featured woman
there before him. It had shot a ray to the secret places of his heart
before now; it breathed a passing summer along his veins at this

‘What need is there to bother?’ he said, of purpose fixing his eye
steadily on hers. ‘Work ‘ll come in time, I dare say. Let them look
after their house.’

Perhaps Emma detected something not wholly sincere in this suggestion.
She let her eyes fall, then raised them more quickly.

‘Oh, but it’s far better, Richard; and we really have made a beginning.
Jane, I’m sure, wouldn’t hear of giving it up. It’s wonderful what
spirits she has. And she’d be miserable if she wasn’t trying to work--I
know so well how it would be. Just a few weeks longer. She really does
get much better, and she says it’s all “the business.” It gives her
something to occupy her mind.’

‘Well, it’s just as you like,’ said Richard, rather absently.

‘But you do think it best, don’t you, dear?’ she urged. ‘It’s good to
finish things you begin, isn’t it? I should feel rather dissatisfied
with myself if I gave it up, and just when everything’s promising. I
believe it’s what you really would wish me to do.’

‘All right. I’ll get the house furnished. But I can’t give you much

He continued to talk in a mechanical way for a quarter of an hour,
principally of the works; then said that he had promised to be home
for supper, and took a rather hasty leave. He called good-night to the
sisters from the top of the kitchen stairs.

Jane’s face was full of joyous questioning as soon as her sister
reappeared, but Emma disclosed nothing till they two were alone in the
bed-room. To Emma it was the simplest thing in the world to put a duty
before pleasure; she had no hesitation in telling her sister how matters
stood. And the other accepted it as pure love.

‘I’m sure it’ll only be a week or two before we can manage for
ourselves,’ Jane said. ‘Of course, people are far readier to give you
work than they would be to me or Kate. But it’ll be all right when we’re
once started.’

‘I shall be very sorry to leave you, dear,’ murmured Emma. ‘You’ll have
to be sure and let me know if you’re not feeling well, and I shall come
at once.’

‘As if you could do that!’ laughed the other. ‘Besides, it’ll be quite
enough to keep me well to know you’re happy.’

‘I do hope Kate won’t be trying.’

‘Oh, I’m sure she won’t. Why, it’s quite a long time since she had one
of her worst turns. It was only the hard work and the trouble as worried
her. And now that’s all over. It’s you we have to thank for it all, Em.’

‘You’ll have to come and be with me sometimes, Jane. I know there’ll
always be something missing as long as you’re out of my sight. And you
must see to it yourself that the sheets is always aired; Kate’s often
so careless about that. You will promise me now, won’t you? I shall be
dreadfully anxious every washing day, I shall indeed. You know that the
least thing’ll give you a chill.’

‘Yes, I’ll be careful,’ said the other, half sadly. She was lying in her
bed, and Emma sat on a chair by the side. ‘But you know it’s not much
use, love. I don’t suppose as I shall live so very long. But I don’t
care, as soon as I know you’re happy.’

‘Jane, I should never know happiness if I hadn’t my little sister to
come and talk to. Don’t think like that, don’t for my sake, Janey dear!’

They laid their cheeks together upon the pillows.

‘He’ll be a good husband,’ Jane whispered. ‘You know that, don’t you,

‘No better in all this world! Why do you ask so?’

‘No--no--I didn’t mean anything. He said you mustn’t wait much longer,
didn’t he?’

‘Yes, he did. But he’d rather see me doing what’s right. I often feel
myself such a poor thing by him. I must try and show him that I do my
best to follow his example. I’m ashamed almost, sometimes, to think I
shall be his wife. It ought to be some one better than me.’

‘Where would he find any one better, I’d like to know? Let him come and
ask me about that! There’s no man good enough for you, sister Emmy.’

Richard was talking with his sister Alice; the others had gone to bed,
and the house was quiet.

‘I wasn’t at all pleased to see that man here to-night,’ he said. ‘You
shouldn’t have been so ready to say yes when he asked you to go to the
theatre. It was like his impudence!’

‘Why, what ever’s the harm, Dick? Besides, we must have some friends,
and--really he looks a gentleman.’

I’ll tell you a secret,’ returned her brother, with a half-smile,
half-sneer. ‘You don’t know a gentleman yet, and you’ll have to be very
careful till you do.’

‘How am I to learn, then?’

‘Just wait. You’ve got enough to do with your music and your reading.
Time enough for getting acquainted with gentlemen.’

‘Aren’t you going to let anybody come and see us, then?’

‘You have the old friends,’ replied Richard, raising his chin.

‘You’re thinking of Mr. Dabbs, I suppose. What did he want to see you
for, Dick?’

Alice looked at him from the corner of her eye.

‘I think I’ll tell you. He says he doesn’t intend to come here again.
You’ve made him feel uncomfortable.’

The girl laughed.

‘I can’t help how he feels, can I? At all events, Mr. Dabbs isn’t a
gentleman, is he, now?’

‘He’s an honest man, and that’s saying a good deal, let me tell you. I
rather thought you liked him.’

‘Liked him? Oh, in a way, of course. But things are different.’

‘How different?’

Alice looked up, put her head on one side, smiled her prettiest, and

‘Is it true, what ‘Arry says--about the money?’

He had wanted to get at this, and was, on the whole, not sorry to hear
it. Richard was studying the derivation of virtue from necessity.

‘What if it is?’ he asked.

‘Well, it makes things more different even than I thought, that’s all.’

She sprang to her feet and danced across the room, one hand bent over
her head. It was not an ungraceful picture. Her brother smiled.

‘Alice, you’d better be guided by me. I know a little of the world, and
I can help you where you’d make mistakes. Just keep to yourself for a
little, my girl, and get on with your piano and your books. You can’t do
better, believe me. Never mind whether you’ve any one to see you or not;
there’s time enough. And I’ll tell you another secret. Before you can
tell a gentleman when you see him, you’ll have to teach yourself to be a
lady. Perhaps that isn’t quite so easy as you think.’

‘How am I to learn then?’

‘We’ll find a way before long. Get on with your playing and reading.’

Presently, as they were about to leave the room, the Princess inquired:

‘Dick, how soon are you going to be married?’

‘I can’t tell you,’ was the answer. ‘Emma wants to put it off.’


The declaration of independence so nobly delivered by his brother ‘Arry
necessitated Richard’s stay in town over the following day. The
matter was laid before a family council, held after breakfast in the
dining-room. Richard opened the discussion with some vehemence, and
appealed to his mother and Alice for support. Alice responded heartily;
Mrs. Mutimer was slower in coming to utterance, but at length expressed
herself in no doubtful terms.

‘If he don’t go to his work,’ she said sternly, ‘it’s either him or
me’ll have to leave this house. If he wants to disgrace us all and ruin
himself, he shan’t do it under my eyes.’

Was there ever a harder case? A high-spirited British youth asserts his
intention of living a life of elegant leisure, and is forthwith scouted
as a disgrace to the family. ‘Arry sat under the gross injustice with an
air of doggish defiance.

‘I thought you said I was to go to Wanley?’ he exclaimed at length,
angrily, glaring at his brother.

Richard avoided the look.

‘You’ll have to learn to behave yourself first,’ he replied. ‘If you
can’t be trusted to do your duty here, you’re no good to me at Wanley.’

‘Arry would give neither yes nor no. The council broke up after
formulating an ultimatum.

In the afternoon Richard had another private talk with the lad. This
time he addressed himself solely to ‘Arry’s self-interest, explained to
him the opportunities he would lose if he neglected to make himself a
practical man. What if there was money waiting for him? The use of money
was to breed money, and nowadays no man was rich who didn’t constantly
increase his capital. As a great ironmaster, he would hold a position
impossible for him to attain in any other way; he would employ hundreds,
perhaps thousands, of men; society would recognise him. What could he
expect to be if he did nothing but loaf about the streets?

This was going the right way to work. Richard found that he was making
an impression, and gradually fell into a kinder tone, so that in the end
he brought ‘Arry to moderately cheerful acquiescence.

‘And don’t let men like that Keene make a fool of you,’ the monitor
concluded. ‘Can’t you see that fellows like him’ll hang on and make
their profit out of you if you know no better than to let them? You just
keep to yourself, and look after your own future.’

A suggestion that cunning was required of him flattered the youth to
some purpose. He had begun to reflect that after all it might be more
profitable to combine work and pleasure. He agreed to pursue the course
planned for him.

So Richard returned to Wanley, carrying with him a small satisfaction
and many great anxieties. Nor did he visit London again until four weeks
had gone by; it was understood that the pressure of responsibilities
grew daily more severe. New Wanley, as the industrial settlement in the
valley was to be named, was shaping itself in accordance with the ideas
of the committee with which Mutimer took counsel, and the undertaking
was no small one.

In spite of Emma’s cheerful anticipations, ‘the business’ meanwhile made
little progress. A graver trouble was the state of Jane’s health;
the sufferer seemed wasting away. Emma devoted herself to her sister.
Between her and Mutimer there was no further mention of marriage. In
Emma’s mind a new term had fixed itself--that of her sister’s recovery;
but there were dark moments when dread came to her that not Jane’s
recovery, but something else, would set her free. In the early autumn
Richard persuaded her to take the invalid to the sea-side, and to remain
with her there for three weeks. Mrs. Clay during that time lived alone,
and was very content to receive her future brother-in-law’s subsidy,
without troubling about the work which would not come in.

Autumn had always been a peaceful and bounteous season at Wanley; then
the fruit trees bent beneath their golden charge, and the air seemed
rich with sweet odours. But the autumn of this year was unlike any that
had visited the valley hitherto. Blight had fallen upon all produce;
the crop of apples and plums was bare beyond precedent. The west wind
breathing up between the hill-sides only brought smoke from newly-built
chimneys; the face of the fields was already losing its purity and
taking on a dun hue. Where a large orchard had flourished were two
streets of small houses, glaring with new brick and slate The works
were extending by degrees, and a little apart rose the walls of a large
building which would contain library, reading rooms, and lecture-hall,
for the use of the industrial community. New Wanley was in a fair way to
claim for itself a place on the map.

The Manor was long since furnished, and Richard entertained visitors.
He had provided himself with a housekeeper, as well as the three or four
necessary servants, and kept a saddle-horse as well as that which drew
his trap to and fro when he had occasion to go to Agworth station. His
establishment was still a modest one; all things considered, it could
not be deemed inconsistent with his professions. Of course, stories to
the contrary got about; among his old comrades in London, thoroughgoing
Socialists like Messrs. Cowes and Cullen, who perhaps thought themselves
a little neglected by the great light of the Union, there passed
occasionally nods and winks, which were meant to imply much. There were
rumours of banqueting which went on at Wanley; the Manor was spoken of
by some who had not seen it as little less than a palace--nay, it was
declared by one or two of the shrewder tongued that a manservant in
livery opened the door, a monstrous thing if true. Worse than this was
the talk which began to spread among the Hoxton and Islington Unionists
of a certain young woman in a poor position to whom Mutimer had in
former days engaged himself, and whom he did not now find it convenient
to marry. A few staunch friends Richard had, who made it their business
stoutly to contradict the calumnies which came within their hearing,
Daniel Dabbs the first of them. But even Daniel found himself before
long preferring silence to speech on the subject of Emma Vine. He grew
uncomfortable about it, and did not know what to think.

The first of Richard’s visitors at the Manor were Mr. and Mrs. Westlake.
They came down from London one day, and stayed over till the next.
Other prominent members of the Union followed, and before the end of
the autumn Richard entertained some dozen of the rank and file, all
together, paying their railway fares and housing them from Saturday to
Monday. These men, be it noted in passing, distinguished themselves from
that day onwards by unsparing detraction whenever the name of Mutimer
came up in private talk, though, of course, they were the loudest in
applause when platform reference to their leader demanded it. Besides
the expressly invited, there was naturally no lack of visitors who
presented themselves voluntarily. Among the earliest of these was Mr.
Keene, the journalist. He sent in his name one Sunday morning requesting
an interview on a matter of business, and on being admitted, produced
a copy of the ‘Belwick Chronicle,’ which contained a highly eulogistic
semi-biographic notice of Mutimer.

‘I feel I ought to apologise to you for this liberty,’ said Keene, in
his flowing way, ‘and that is why I have brought the paper myself. You
will observe that it is one of a seris--notable men of the day. I supply
the “Chronicle” with a London letter, and give them one of these little
sketches fortnightly. I knew your modesty would stand in the way if I
consulted you in advance, so I can only beg pardon _post delictum_, as
we say.’

There stood the heading in bold type, ‘MEN OF THE DAY,’ and beneath it
‘XI. Mr. Richard Mutimer.’ Mr. Keene had likewise brought in his pocket
the placard of the newspaper, whereon Richard saw his name prominently
displayed. The journalist stayed for luncheon.

Alfred Waltham was frequently at the Manor. Mutimer now seldom went
up to town for Sunday; if necessity took him thither, he chose some
week-day. On Sunday he always spent a longer or shorter time with the
Walthams, frequently having dinner at their house. He hesitated at first
to invite the ladies to the Manor; in his uncertainty on social usages
he feared lest there might be impropriety in a bachelor giving such an
invitation. He appealed to Alfred, who naturally laughed the scruple to
scorn, and accordingly Mrs. and Miss Waltham were begged to honour
Mr. Mutimer with their company. Mrs. Waltham reflected a little, but
accepted. Adela would much rather have remained at home, but she had no

By the end of September this invitation had been repeated, and the
Walthams had lunched a second time at the Manor, no other guests being
present. On the afternoon of the following day Mrs. Waltham and her
daughter were talking together in their sitting-room, and the former led
the conversation, as of late she almost invariably did when alone with
her daughter, to their revolutionary friend.

‘I can’t help thinking, Adela, that in all essentials I never knew a
more gentlemanly man than Mr. Mutimer. There must be something superior
in his family; no doubt we were altogether mistaken in speaking of him
as a mechanic.’

‘But he has told us himself that he was a mechanic,’ replied Adela, in
the impatient way in which she was wont to speak on this subject.

‘Oh, that is his modesty. And not only modesty; his views lead him to
pride himself on a poor origin. He was an engineer, and we know that
engineers are in reality professional men. Remember old Mr. Mutimer;
he was a perfect gentleman. I have no doubt the family is really a
very good one. Indeed, I am all but sure that I remember the name in
Hampshire; there was a Sir something Mutimer--I’m convinced of it.
No one really belonging to the working class ever bore himself as Mr.
Mutimer does. Haven’t you noticed the shape of his hands, my dear?’

‘I’ve only noticed that they are very large, and just what you would
expect in a man who had done much rough work.’

Mrs. Waltham laughed noisily.

‘My dear child, how _can_ you be so perverse? The shape of the fingers
is perfect. Do pray notice them next time.’

‘I really cannot promise, mother, to give special attention to Mr.
Mutimer’s hands.’

Mrs. Waltham glanced at the girl, who had laid down a book she was
trying to read, and, with lowered eyes, seemed to be collecting herself
for further utterance.

‘Why are you so prejudiced, Adela?’

‘I am not prejudiced at all. I have no interest of any kind in Mr.

The words were spoken hurriedly and with a ring almost of hostility. At
the same time the girl’s cheeks flushed. She felt herself hard beset. A
network was being woven about her by hands she could not deem other
than loving; it was time to exert herself that the meshes might not be
completed, and the necessity cost her a feeling of shame.

‘But your brother’s friend, my dear. Surely you ought not to say that
you have no interest in him at all.’

‘I do say it, mother, and I wish to say it so plainly that you cannot
after this mistake me. Alfred’s friends are very far from being
necessarily my friends. Not only have I no interest in Mr. Mutimer, I
even a little dislike him.’

‘I had no idea of that, Adela,’ said her mother, rather blankly.

‘But it is the truth, and I feel I ought to have tried to make you
understand that sooner. I thought you would see that I had no pleasure
in speaking of him.’

‘But how is it possible to dislike him? I confess that is very hard for
me to understand. I am sure his behaviour to you is perfect--so entirely
respectful, so gentlemanly.’

‘No, mother, that is not quite the word to use. You are mistaken; Mr.
Mutimer is _not_ a perfect gentleman.’

It was said with much decision, for to Adela’s mind this clenched
her argument. Granted the absence of certain qualities which she held
essential in a gentleman, there seemed to her no reason for another word
on the subject.

‘Pray, when has he misbehaved himself?’ inquired her mother, with a
touch of pique.

‘I cannot go into details. Mr. Mutimer has no doubt many excellent
qualities; no doubt he is really an earnest and a well-meaning man. But
if I am asked to say more than that, it must be the truth--as it seems
to me. Please, mother dear, don’t ask me to talk about him in future.
And there is something else I wish to say. I do hope you won’t be
offended with me, but indeed I--I hope you will not ask me to go to the
Manor again. I feel I ought not to go. It is painful; I suffer when I am

‘How strange you are to-day, Adela! Really, I think you might allow me
to decide what is proper and what is not. My experience is surely the
best judge. You are worse than unkind, Adela; it’s rude to speak to me
like that.’

‘Dear mother,’ said the girl, with infinite gentleness, ‘I am very, very
sorry. How could I be unkind or rude to you? I didn’t for a moment mean
that my judgment was better than yours; it is my feelings that I
speak of. You won’t ask me to explain--to say more than that? You must
understand me?’

‘Oh yes, my dear, I understand you too well,’ was the stiff reply. ‘Of
course I am old-fashioned, and I suppose old-fashioned people are a
little coarse; _their_ feelings are not quite as fine as they might be.
We will say no more for the present, Adela. I will do my best not to
lead you into disagreeable situations through my lack of delicacy.’

There were tears in Adela’s eyes.

‘Mother, now it is you who are unkind. I am so sorry that I spoke. You
won’t take my words as they were meant. Must I say that I cannot let
Mr. Mutimer misunderstand the way in which. I regard him? He comes here
really so very often, and if we begin to go there too--. People are
talking about it, indeed they are; Letty has told me so. How can I help
feeling pained?’

Mrs. Waltham drew out her handkerchief and appeared mildly agitated.
When Adela bent and kissed her she sighed deeply, then said in an
undertone of gentle melancholy:

‘I ask your pardon, my dear. I am afraid there has been a little
misunderstanding on both sides. But we won’t talk any more of it--there,

By which the good lady of course meant that she would renew the subject
on the very earliest opportunity, and that, on the whole, she was
not discouraged. Mothers are often unaware of their daughters’ strong
points, but their weaknesses they may be trusted to understand pretty

The little scene was just well over, and Adela had taken a seat by the
window, when a gentleman who was approaching the front door saw her and
raised his hat. She went very pale.

The next moment there was a knock at the front door.

‘Mother,’ the girl whispered, as if she could not speak louder, ‘it is
Mr. Eldon.’

‘Mr. Eldon?’ Mrs. Waltham drew herself up with dignity, then started
from her seat. ‘The idea of his daring to come here!’

She intercepted the servant who was going to open the door.

‘Jane, we are not at home!’

The maid stood in astonishment. She was not used to the polite fictions
of society; never before had that welcome mortal, an afternoon visitor,
been refused at Mrs. Waltham’s.

‘What did you say, please, mum?’

‘You will say that we are not at home, neither I nor Miss Waltham.’

Even if Hubert Eldon had not seen Adela at the window he must have been
dull not to read the meaning of the servant’s singular face and tone. He
walked away with a quiet ‘Thank you.’

Mrs. Waltham cast a side glance at Adela when she heard the outer door
close. The girl had reopened her book.

‘I’m not sorry that he came. Was there ever such astonishing impudence?
If _that_ is gentlemanly, then I must confess I--Really I am not at all
sorry he came: it will give him a lesson.’

‘Mr. Eldon may have had some special reason for calling,’ Adela remarked

‘My dear, I have no business of any kind with Mr. Eldon, and it is
impossible that he can have any with me.’

Adela very shortly went from the room.

That evening Richard had for guest at dinner Mr. Willis Rodman; so that
gentleman named himself on his cards, and so he liked to be announced.
Mr. Rodman was invaluable as surveyor of the works; his experience
appeared boundless, and had been acquired in many lands. He was now a
Socialist of the purest water, and already he enjoyed more of Mutimer’s
intimacy than anyone else. Richard not seldom envied the easy and, as
it seemed to him, polished manner of his subordinate, and wondered at it
the more since Rodman declared himself a proletarian by birth, and, in
private, was fond of referring to the hardships of his early life.
That there may be no needless mystery about Mr. Rodman, I am under
the necessity of stating the fact that he was the son of a prosperous
railway contractor, that he was born in Canada, and would have succeeded
to a fortune on his father’s death, but for an unhappy _contretemps_
in the shape of a cheque, whereof Mr. Rodman senior (the name was not
Rodman, but the true one is of no importance) disclaimed the signature.
From that day to the present good and ill luck had alternated in the
young man’s career. His fortunes in detail do not concern us just now;
there will be future occasion for returning to the subject.

‘Young Eldon has been in Wanley to-day,’ Mr. Rodman remarked as he sat
over his wine after dinner.

‘Has he?’ said Richard, with indifference. ‘What’s he been after?’

‘I saw him going up towards the Walthams’.’

Richard exhibited more interest.

‘Is he a particular friend of theirs?’ he asked. He had gathered from
Alfred Waltham that there had been a certain intimacy between the ‘two
families, but desired more detailed information than his disciple had

‘Well, he used to be,’ replied Rodman, with a significant smile. ‘But I
don’t suppose Mrs. W. gave him a very affectionate reception to-day. His
little doings have rather startled the good people of Wanley, especially
since he has lost his standing. It wouldn’t have mattered much, I dare
say, but for that.’

‘But was there anything particular up there?’

Mutimer had a careworn expression as he asked, and he nodded his head as
if in the direction of the village with a certain weariness.

‘I’m not quite sure. Some say there was, and others deny it, as I gather
from general conversation. But I suppose it’s at an end now, in any

‘Mrs. Waltham would see to that, you mean?’ said Mutimer, with a short


Rodman made his glass revolve, his fingers on the stem.

‘Take another cigar. I suppose they’re not too well off, the Walthams?’

‘Mrs. Waltham has an annuity of two hundred and fifty pounds, that’s
all. The girl--Miss Waltham--has nothing.’

‘How the deuce do you get to know so much about people, Rodman?’

The other smiled modestly, and made a silent gesture, as if to disclaim
any special abilities.

‘So he called there to-day? I wonder whether he stayed long?’

‘I will let you know to-morrow.’

On the morrow Richard learnt that Hubert Eldon had been refused
admittance. The information gave him pleasure. Yet all through the
night he had been earnestly hoping that he might hear something quite
different, had tried to see in Eldon’s visit a possible salvation for
himself. For the struggle which occupied him more and more had by this
time declared its issues plainly enough; daily the temptation became
stronger, the resources of honour more feeble. In the beginning he had
only played with dangerous thoughts; to break faith with Emma Vine had
appeared an impossibility, and a marriage such as his fancy substituted,
the most improbable of things. But in men of Richard’s stamp that
which allures the fancy will, if circumstances give but a little
encouragement, soon take hold upon the planning brain. His acquaintance
with the Walthams had ripened to intimacy, and custom nourished his
self-confidence; moreover, he could not misunderstand the all but direct
encouragement which on one or two recent occasions he had received from
Mrs. Waltham. That lady had begun to talk to him, when they were alone
together, in almost a motherly way, confiding to him this or that
peculiarity in the characters of her children, deploring her inability
to give Adela the pleasures suitable to her age, then again pointing out
the advantage it was to a girl to have all her thoughts centred in home.

‘I can truly say,’ remarked Mrs. Waltham in the course of the latest
such conversation, ‘that Adela has never given me an hour’s serious
uneasiness. The dear child has, I believe, no will apart from her desire
to please me. Her instincts are so beautifully submissive.’

To a man situated like Mutimer this tone is fatal. In truth it seemed
to make offer to him of what he supremely desired. No such encouragement
had come from Adela herself, but that meant nothing either way; Richard
had already perceived that maidenly reserve was a far more complex
matter in a girl of gentle breeding, than in those with whom he had
formerly associated; for all he knew, increase of distance in manner
might represent the very hope that he was seeking. That hope he sought,
in all save the hours when conscience lorded over silence, with a
reality of desire such as he had never known. Perhaps it was not Adela,
and Adela alone, that inspired this passion; it was a new ideal of the
feminine addressing itself to his instincts. Adela had the field to
herself, and did indeed embody in almost an ideal degree the fine
essence of distinctly feminine qualities which appeal most strongly
to the masculine mind. Mutimer was not capable of love in the highest
sense; he was not, again, endowed with strong appetite; but his nature
contained possibilities of refinement which, in a situation like the
present, constituted motive force the same in its effects as either form
of passion. He was suffering, too, from the _malaise_ peculiar to men
who suddenly acquire riches; secret impulses drove him to gratifications
which would not otherwise have troubled his thoughts. Of late he had
been yielding to several such caprices. One morning the idea possessed
him that he must have a horse for riding, and he could not rest till the
horse was purchased and in his stable. It occurred to him once at dinner
time that there were sundry delicacies which he knew by name but had
never tasted; forthwith he gave orders that these delicacies should be
supplied to him, and so there appeared upon his breakfast table a _pate
de foie gras_. Very similar in kind was his desire to possess Adela

And the voice of his conscience lost potency, though it troubled him
more than ever, even as a beggar will sometimes become rudely clamorous
when he sees that there is no real hope of extracting an alms. Richard
was embarked on the practical study of moral philosophy; he learned
more in these months of the constitution of his inner being than all his
literature of ‘free thought’ had been able to convey to him. To break
with Emma, to cast his faith to the winds, to be branded henceforth in
the sight of his intimate friends as a mere traitor, and an especially
mean one to boot--that at the first blush was of the things so
impossible that one does not trouble to study their bearings. But the
wall of habit once breached, the citadel of conscience laid bare, what
garrison was revealed? With something like astonishment, Richard came
to recognise that the garrison was of the most contemptible and
tatterdemalion description. Fear of people’s talk--absolutely nothing
else stood in his way.

Had he, then, no affection for Emma? Hardly a scrap. He had never
even tried ‘to persuade himself that he was in love with her, and the
engagement had on his side been an affair of cool reason. His mother
had practically brought it about; for years it had been a pet project
of hers, and her joy was great in its realisation. Mrs. Vine and she had
been lifelong gossips; she knew that to Emma had descended the larger
portion of her parent’s sterling qualities, and that Emma was the one
wife for such a man as Richard. She talked him into approval. In those
days Richard had no dream of wedding above his class, and he understood
very well that Emma Vine was distinguished in many ways from the crowd
of working girls. There was no one else he wished to marry. Emma would
feel herself honoured by his choice, and, what he had not himself
observed, his mother led him to see that yet deeper feelings were
concerned on the girl’s side. This flattered him--a form of emotion to
which he was ever susceptible--and the match was speedily arranged.

He had never repented. The more he knew of Emma, the more confirmation
his favourable judgments received. He even knew at times a stirring of
the senses, which is the farthest that many of his kind ever progress in
the direction of love. Of the nobler features in Emma’s character, he
of course remained ignorant; they did not enter into his demands upon
woman, and he was unable to discern them even when they were brought
prominently before him. She would keep his house admirably, would never
contradict him, would mother his children to perfection, and even would,
go so far as to take an intelligent interest in the Propaganda. What
more could a man look for?

So there was no strife between old love and new; so far as it concerned
himself, to put Emma aside would not cost a pang. The garrison was
absolutely mere tongue, mere gossip of public-house bars, firesides,
etc.--more serious, of the Socialist lecture-rooms. And what of the
girl’s own feeling? Was there no sense of compassion in him? Very
little. And in saying so I mean anything but to convey that Mutimer
was conspicuously hard-hearted. The fatal defect in working people is
absence of imagination, the power which may be solely a gift of nature
and irrespective of circumstances, but which in most of us owes so
much to intellectual training. Half the brutal cruelties perpetrated
by uneducated men and women are directly traceable to lack of the
imaginative spirit, which comes to mean lack of kindly sympathy.
Mutimer, we know, had got for himself only the most profitless of
educations, and in addition nature had scanted him on the emotional
side. He could not enter into the position of Emma deserted and
hopeless. Want of money was intelligible to him, so was bitter
disappointment at the loss of a good position; but the former he would
not allow Emma to suffer, and the latter she would, in the nature of
things, soon get over. Her love for him he judged by his own feeling,
making allowance, of course, for the weakness of women in affairs such
as this. He might admit that she would ‘fret,’ but the thought of
her fretting did not affect him as a reality. Emma had never been
demonstrative, had never sought to show him all that was in her heart;
hence he rated her devotion lightly.

The opinion of those who knew him! What of the opinion of Emma herself?
Yes, that went for much; he knew shame at the thought, perhaps keener
shame than in anticipating the judgment, say, of Daniel Dabbs. No one of
his acquaintances thought of him so highly as Emma did; to see himself
dethroned, the object of her contempt, was a bitter pill to swallow. In
all that concerned his own dignity Richard was keenly appreciative; he
felt in advance every pricking of the blood that was in store for him
if he became guilty of this treachery. Yes, from that point of view he
feared Emma Vine.

Considerations of larger scope did not come within the purview of his
intellect. It never occurred to him, for instance, that in forfeiting
his honour in this instance he began a process of undermining which
would sooner or later threaten the stability of the purposes on which he
most prided himself. A suggestion that domestic perfidy was in the end
incompatible with public zeal would have seemed to him ridiculous, and
for the simple reason that he recognised no ‘moral sanctions. He could
not regard his nature as a whole; he had no understanding for the subtle
network of communication between its various parts. Nay, he told himself
that the genuineness and value of his life’s work would be increased by
a marriage with Adela Waltham; he and she would represent the union of
classes--of the wage-earning with the _bourgeois_, between which two lay
the real gist of the combat. He thought of this frequently, and allowed
the thought to inspirit him.

To the question of whether Adela would ever find out what he had done,
and, if so, with what result, he gave scarcely a moment. Marriages are
not undone by subsequent discovery of moral faults on either side.

This is a tabular exposition of the man’s consciousness. Logically,
there should result from it a self-possessed state of mind, bordering
on cynicism. But logic was not predominant in Mutimer’s constitution. So
far from contemplating treason with the calm intelligence which demands
judgment on other grounds than the common, he was in reality possessed
by a spirit of perturbation. Such reason as he could command bade him
look up and view with scorn the ragged defenders of the forts; but
whence came this hail of missiles which kept him so sore? Clearly there
was some element of his nature which eluded grasp and definition,
a misty influence making itself felt here and there. To none of the
sources upon which I have touched was it clearly traceable; in truth,
it arose from them all. The man had never in his life been guilty of
offence against his graver conscience; he had the sensation of being
about to plunge from firm footing into untried depths. His days were
troubled; his appetite was not what it should have been; he could not
take the old thorough interest in his work. It was becoming clear to him
that the matter must be settled one way or another with brief delay.

One day at the end of September he received a letter addressed by Alice.
On opening it he found, with much surprise, that the contents were in
his mother’s writing. It was so very rarely that Mrs. Mutimer took up
that dangerous instrument, the pen, that something unusual must have led
to her doing so at present. And, indeed, the letter contained unexpected
matter. There were numerous errors of orthography, and the hand was not
very legible; but Richard got at the sense quickly enough.

‘I write this,’ began Mrs. Mutimer, ‘because it’s a long time since
you’ve been to see us, and because I want to say something that’s
better written than spoken. I saw Emma last night, and I’m feeling
uncomfortable about her. She’s getting very low, and that’s the truth.
Not as she says anything, nor shows it, but she’s got a deal on her
hands, and more on her mind. You haven’t written to her for three weeks.
You’ll be saying it’s no business of mine, but I can’t stand by and see
Emma putting up with things as there isn’t no reason. Jane is in a very
bad way, poor girl; I can’t think she’ll live long. Now, Dick, what I’m
aiming at you’ll see. I can’t understand why you don’t get married and
done with it. Jane won’t never be able to work again, and that Kate ‘ll
never keep up a dressmaking. Why don’t you marry Emma, and take poor
Jane to live with you, where she could be well looked after? for she
won’t never part from her sister. And she does so hope and pray to see
Emma married before she goes. You can’t surely be waiting for her death.
Now, there’s a good lad of mine, come and marry your wife at once, and
don’t make delays. That’s all, but I hope you’ll think of it; and so,
from your affectionate old mother,


Richard read the letter several times, and sat at home through the
morning in despondency. It had got to the pass that he could not
marry Emma; for all his suffering he no longer gave a glance in that
direction. Not even if Adela Waltham refused him; to have a ‘lady’ for
his wife was now an essential in his plans for the future, and he knew
that the desired possession was purchasable for coin of the realm. No
way of retreat any longer; movement must be forward, at whatever cost.

He let a day intervene, then replied to his mother’s letter. He
represented himself as worked to death and without a moment for his
private concerns; it was out of the question for him to marry for a few
weeks yet. He would write to Emma, and would send her all the money she
could possibly need to supply the sick girl with comforts. She must
keep up her courage, and be content to wait a short while longer. He was
quite sure she did not complain; it was only his mother’s fancy that she
was in low spirits, except, of course, on Jane’s account.

Another fortnight went by. Skies were lowering towards winter, and the
sides of the valley showed bare patches amid the rich-hued death of
leaves; ere long a night of storm would leave ‘ruined choirs.’ Richard
was in truth working hard. He had just opened a course of lectures at a
newly established Socialist branch in Belwick. The extent of his daily
correspondence threatened to demand the services of a secretary in
addition to the help already given by Rodman. Moreover, an event of
importance was within view; the New Wanley Public Hall was completed,
and its formal opening must be made an occasion of ceremony. In that
ceremony Richard would be the central figure. He proposed to gather
about him a representative company; not only would the Socialist
leaders attend as a matter of course, invitations should also be sent
to prominent men in the conventional lines of politics. A speech from
a certain Radical statesman, who could probably be induced to attend,
would command the attention of the press. For the sake of preliminary
trumpetings in even so humble a journal as the ‘Belwick Chronicle,’
Mutimer put himself in communication with Mr. Keene. That gentleman was
now a recognised visitor at the house in Highbury; there was frequent
mention of him in a close correspondence kept up between Richard and his
sister at this time. The letters which Alice received from Wanley were
not imparted to the other members of the family; she herself studied
them attentively, and with much apparent satisfaction.

For advice on certain details of the approaching celebration Richard had
recourse to Mrs. Waltham. He found her at home one rainy morning.
Adela, aware of his arrival, retreated to her little room upstairs.
Mrs. Waltham had a slight cold; it kept her close by the fireside, and
encouraged confidential talk.

‘I have decided to invite about twenty people to lunch,’ Richard said.
‘Just the members of the committee and a few others. It’ll be better
than giving a dinner. Westlake’s lecture will be over by four o’clock,
and that allows people to get away in good time. The workmen’s tea will
be at half-past five.’

‘You must have refreshments of some kind for casual comers,’ counselled
Mrs. Waltham.

‘I’ve thought of that. Rodman suggests that we shall get the
“Wheatsheaf” people to have joints and that kind of thing in the
refreshment-room at the Hall from half-past twelve to half-past one. We
could put up some notice to that effect in Agworth station.’

‘Certainly, and inside the railway carriages.’

Mutimer’s private line, which ran from the works to Agworth station, was
to convey visitors to New Wanley on this occasion.

‘I think I shall have three or four ladies,’ Richard pursued ‘Mrs.
Westlake ‘ll be sure to come’, and I think Mrs. Eddlestone--the wife of
the Trades Union man, you know. And I’ve been rather calculating on you,
Mrs. Waltham; do you think you could--?’

The lady’s eyes were turned to the window, watching the sad steady rain.

‘Really, you’re making a downright Socialist of me, Mr. Mutimer,’ she
replied, with a laugh which betrayed a touch of sore throat. ‘I’m half
afraid to accept such an invitation. Shouldn’t I be there on false
pretences, don’t you think?’

Richard mused; his legs were crossed, and he swayed his foot up and

‘Well, no, I can’t see that. But I tell you what would make it simpler:
do you think Mr. Wyvern would come if I, asked him?’

‘Ah, now, that would be capital! Oh, ask Mr. Wyvern by all means. Then,
of course, I should be delighted to accept.’

‘But I haven’t much hope that he’ll come. I rather think he regards me
as his enemy. And, you see, I never go to church.’

‘What a pity that is, Mr. Mutimer! Ah, if I could only persuade you to
think differently about those things! There really are so many texts
that read quite like Socialism; I was looking them over with Adela on
Sunday. What a sad thing it is that you go so astray t It distresses me
more than you think. Indeed, if I may tell you such a thing, I pray for
you nightly.’

Mutimer made a movement of discomfort, but laughed off the subject.

‘I’ll go and see the vicar, at all events,’ he said. ‘But must your
coming depend on his?’

Mrs. Waltham hesitated.

‘It really would make things easier.’

‘Might I, in that case, hope that Miss Waltham would come?’

Richard seemed to exert himself to ask the question. Mrs. Waltham sank
her eyes, smiled feebly, and in the end shook her head.

‘On a public occasion, I’m really afraid--’

‘I’m sure she would like to know Mrs. Westlake,’ urged Richard, without
his usual confidence. ‘And if you and her brother--’

‘If it were not a Socialist gathering.’

Richard uncrossed his legs and sat for a moment looking into the fire.
Then he turned suddenly.

‘Mrs. Waltham, may I ask her myself?’

She was visibly agitated. There was this time no affectation in the
tremulous lips and the troublous, unsteady eyes. Mrs. Waltham was not by
nature the scheming mother who is indifferent to the upshot if she can
once get her daughter loyally bound to a man of money. Adela’s
happiness was a very real care to her; she would never have opposed an
unobjectionable union on which she found her daughter’s heart bent, but
circumstances had a second time made offer of brilliant advantages, and
she had grown to deem it an ordinance of the higher powers that Adela
should marry possessions. She flattered herself that her study of
Mutimer’s character had been profound; the necessity of making such a
study excused, she thought, any little excess of familiarity in which
she had indulged, for it had long been clear to her that Mutimer would
some day make an offer. He lacked polish, it was true, but really he
was more a gentleman than a great many whose right to the name was never
contested. And then he had distinctly high aims: such a man could never
be brutal in the privacy of his home. There was every chance of his
achieving some kind of eminence; already she had suggested to him
a Parliamentary career, and the idea had not seemed altogether
distasteful. Adela herself was as yet far from regarding Mutimer in the
light of a future husband; it was perhaps true that she even disliked
him. But then a young girl’s likes and dislikes have, as a rule, small
bearing on her practical content in the married state; so, at least,
Mrs. Waltham’s experience led her to believe. Only, it was clear that
there must be no precipitancy. Let the ground be thoroughly prepared.

‘May I advise you, Mr. Mutimer?’ she said, in a lowered voice, bending
forward. ‘Let me deliver the invitation. I think it would be better,
really. We shall see whether you can persuade Mr. Wyvern to be present.
I promise you to--in fact, not to interpose any obstacle if Adela thinks
she can be present at the lunch.’

‘Then I’ll leave it so,’ said Richard, more cheerfully. Mrs. Waltham
could see that his nerves were in a dancing state. Really, he had much
fine feeling.


It being only midday, Richard directed his steps at once to the
Vicarage, and had the good fortune to find Mr. Wyvern within.

‘Be seated, Mr. Mutimer; I’m glad to see you,’ was the vicar’s

Their mutual intercourse had as yet been limited to an exchange of
courtesies in public, and one or two casual meetings at the Walthams’
house. Richard had felt shy of the vicar, whom he perceived to be a
clergyman of other than the weak-brained type, and the circumstances
of the case would not allow Mr. Wyvern to make advances. The latter
proceeded with friendliness of tone, speaking of the progress of New

‘That’s what I’ve come to see you about,’ said Richard, trying to put
himself at ease by mentally comparing his own worldly estate with that
of his interlocutor, yet failing as often as he felt the scrutiny of
the vicar’s dark-gleaming eye. ‘We are going to open the Hall.’ He added
details. ‘I shall have a number of friends who are interested in our
undertaking to lunch with me on that day. I wish to ask if you will give
us the pleasure of your company.’

Mr. Wyvern reflected for a moment.

‘Why, no, sir,’ he replied at length, using the Johnsonian phrase with
grave courtesy. ‘I’m afraid I cannot acknowledge your kindness as
I should wish to. Personally, I would accept your hospitality with
pleasure, but my position here, as I understand it, forbids me to join
you on that particular occasion.’

‘Then personally you are not hostile to me, Mr. Wyvern?’

‘To you personally, by no means.’

‘But you don’t like the movement?’

‘In so far as it has the good of men in view it interests me, and I
respect its supporters.’

‘But you think we go the wrong way to work?’

‘That is my opinion, Mr. Mutimer.’

‘What would you have us do?’

‘To see faults is a much easier thing than to originate a sound scheme.
I am far from prepared with any plan of social reconstruction.’

Nor could Mr. Wyvern be moved from the negative attitude, though Mutimer
pressed him.

‘Well, I’m sorry you won’t come,’ Richard said as he rose to take his
leave. ‘It didn’t strike me that you would feel out of place.’

‘Nor should I. But you will understand that my opportunities of being
useful in the village depend on the existence of sympathetic feeling
in my parishioners. It is my duty to avoid any behaviour which could be

‘Then you deliberately adapt yourself to the prejudices of unintelligent

‘I do so, deliberately,’ assented the vicar, with one of his fleeting

Richard went away feeling sorry that he had courted this rejection. He
would never have thought of inviting a ‘parson’ but for Mrs. Waltham’s
suggestion. After all, it it mattered little whether Adela came to the
luncheon or not. He had desired her presence because he wished her to
see him as an entertainer of guests such as the Westlakes, whom she
would perceive to be people of refinement; it occurred to him, too, that
such an occasion might aid his snit by exciting her ambition; for he was
anything but confident of immediate success with Adela, especially since
recent conversations with Mrs. Waltham. But in any case she would attend
the afternoon ceremony, when his glory would be proclaimed.

Mrs. Waltham was anxiously meditative of plans for bringing Adela to
regard her Socialist wooer with more favourable eyes. She, too,
had hopes that Mutimer’s fame in the mouths of men might prove an
attraction, yet she suspected a strength of principle in Adela which
might well render all such hopes vain. And she thought it only too
likely, though observation gave her no actual assurance of this, that
the girl still thought of Hubert Eldon in a way to render it doubly hard
for any other man to make an impression upon her. It was dangerous, she
knew, to express her abhorrence of Hubert too persistently; yet, on the
other hand, she was convinced that Adela had been so deeply shocked by
the revelations of Hubert’s wickedness that her moral nature would be in
arms against her lingering inclination. After much mental wear and tear,
she decided to adopt the strong course of asking Alfred’s assistance.
Alfred was sure to view the proposed match with hearty approval, and,
though he might not have much influence directly, he could in all
probability secure a potent ally in the person of Letty Tew. This was
rather a brilliant idea; Mrs. Waltham waited impatiently for her son’s
return from Belwick on Saturday.

She broached the subject to him with much delicacy.

‘I am so convinced, Alfred, that it would be for your sister’s
happiness. There really is no harm whatever in aiding her inexperience;
that is all that I wish to do. I’m sure you understand me?’

‘I understand well enough,’ returned the young man; ‘but if you
convince Adela against her will you’ll do a clever thing. You’ve been
so remarkably successful in closing her mind against all arguments of

‘Now, Alfred, do not begin and talk in that way! It has nothing whatever
to do with the matter. This is entirely a personal question.’

‘Nothing of the kind. It’s a question of religious prejudice. She hates
Mutimer because he doesn’t go to church, there’s the long and short of

‘Adela very properly condemns his views, but that’s quite a different
thing from hating him.’

‘Oh dear, no; they’re one and the same thing. Look at the history of
persecution. She would like to see him--and me too, I dare say--brought
to the stake.’

‘Well, well, of course if you won’t talk sensibly I had something to

‘Let me hear it, then.’

‘You yourself agree with me that there would be nothing to repent in
urging her.’

‘On the contrary, I think she might consider herself precious lucky.
It’s only that’--he looked dubious for a moment--‘I’m not quite sure
whether she’s the kind of girl to be content with a husband she found
she couldn’t convert. I can imagine her marrying a rake on the hope of
bringing him to regular churchgoing, but then Mutimer doesn’t happen to
be a blackguard, so he isn’t very interesting to her.’

‘I know what you’re thinking of, but I don’t think we need take that
into account. And, indeed, we can’t afford to take anything into account
but her establishment in a respectable and happy home. Our choice, as
you are aware, is not a wide one. I am often deeply anxious about the
poor girl.’

‘I dare say. Well, what was your proposal?’

‘Do you think Letty could help us?’

‘H’m, can’t say. Might or might not. She’s as bad as Adela. Ten to one
it’ll be a point of conscience with her to fight the project tooth and

‘I don’t think so. She has accepted you.’

‘So she has, to my amazement. Women are monstrously illogical. She must
think of my latter end with mixed feelings.’

‘I do wish you were less flippant in dealing with grave subjects,
Alfred. I assure you I am very much troubled. I feel that so much is at
stake, and yet the responsibility of doing anything is so very great.’

‘Shall I talk it over with Letty?’

‘If you feel able to. But Adela would be very seriously offended if she
guessed that you had done so.’

‘Then she mustn’t guess, that’s all. I’ll see what I can do to-night.’

In the home of the Tews there was some difficulty in securing privacy.
The house was a small one, and the sacrifice of general convenience
when Letty wanted a whole room for herself and Alfred was considerable.
To-night it was managed, however; the front parlour was granted to the
pair for one hour.

It could not be said that there was much delicacy in Alfred’s way of
approaching the subject he wished to speak of. This young man had a
scorn of periphrases. If a topic had to be handled, why not be succinct
in the handling? Alfred was of opinion that much time was lost by
mortals in windy talk.

‘Look here, Letty; what’s your idea about Adela marrying Mutimer?’

The girl looked startled.

‘She has not accepted him?’

‘Not yet. Don’t you think it would be a good thing if she did?’

‘I really can’t say,’ Letty replied very gravely, her head aside. ‘I
don’t think any one can judge but Adela herself. Really, Alfred, I don’t
think we ought to interfere.’

‘But suppose I ask you to try and get her to see the affair sensibly?’

‘Sensibly? What a word to use!’

‘The right word, I think.’

‘What a vexatious boy you are! You don’t really think so at all. You
only speak so because you like to tease me.’

‘Well, you certainly do look pretty when you’re defending the castles in
the air. Give me a kiss.’

‘Indeed, I shall not. Tell me seriously what you mean. What does Mrs.
Waltham think about it?’

‘Give me a kiss, and I’ll tell you. If not, I’ll go away and leave you
to find out everything as best you can.’

‘Oh, Alfred, you’re a sad tyrant!’

‘Of course I am. But it’s a benevolent despotism. Well, mother wants
Adela to accept him. In fact, she asked me if I didn’t think you’d help
us. Of course I said you would.’

‘Then you were very hasty. I’m not joking now, Alfred. I think of Adela
in a way you very likely can’t understand. It would be shocking, oh!
shocking, to try and make her marry him if she doesn’t really wish to.’

‘No fear! We shan’t manage that.’

‘And surely wouldn’t wish to?’

‘I don’t know. Girls often can’t see what’s best for them. I say, you
understand that all this is in confidence?’

‘Of course I do. But it’s a confidence I had rather not have received. I
shall be miserable, I know that.’

‘Then you’re a little--goose.’

‘You were going to call me something far worse.’

‘Give me credit, then, for correcting myself. You’ll have to help us,

The girl kept silence. Then for a time the conversation became graver.
It was interrupted precisely at the end of the granted hour.

Letty went to see her friend on Sunday afternoon, and the two shut
themselves up in the dainty little chamber. Adela was in low spirits;
with her a most unusual state. She sat with her hands crossed on her
lap, and the sunny light of her eyes was dimmed. When she had tried for
a while to talk of ordinary things, Letty saw a tear glisten upon her

‘What is the matter, love?’

Adela was in sore need of telling her troubles, and Letty was the
only one to whom she could do so. In such spirit-gentle words as could
express the perplexities of her mind she told what a source of pain her
mother’s conversation had been to her of late, and how she dreaded what
might still be to come.

‘It is so dreadful to think, Letty, that mother is encouraging him. She
thinks it is for my happiness; she is offended if I try to say what I
suffer. Oh, I couldn’t! I couldn’t!’

She put her palms before her face; her maidenhood shamed to speak of
these things even to her bosom friend.

‘Can’t you show him, darling, that--that he mustn’t hope anything?’

‘How can I do so? It is impossible to be rude, and everything else it is
so easy to misunderstand.’

‘But when he really speaks, then it will come to an end.’

‘I shall grieve mother so, Letty. I feel as if the best of my life had
gone by. Everything seemed so smooth. Oh, why did he fall so, Letty? and
I thought he cared for me, dear.’

She whispered it, her face on her friend’s shoulder.

‘Try to forget, darling; try!’

‘Oh, as if I didn’t try night and day! I know it is so wrong to give a
thought. How could he speak to me as he did that day when I met him on
the hill, and again when I went just to save him an annoyance? He was
almost the same as before, only I thought him a little sad from his
illness. He had no right to talk to me in that way! Oh, I feel wicked,
that I can’t forget; I hate myself for still--for still--’

There was a word Letty could not hear, only her listening heart divined

‘Dear Adela! pray for strength, and it will be sure to come to you. How
hard it is to know myself so happy when you have so much trouble!’

‘I could have borne it better but for this new pain. I don’t think I
should ever have shown it; even you wouldn’t have known all I felt,
Letty. I should have hoped for him--I don’t mean hoped on my own
account, but that he might know how wicked he had been. How--how can a
man do things so unworthy of himself, when it’s so beautiful to be good
and faithful? I think he did care a little for me once, Letty.’

‘Don’t let us talk of him, pet.’

‘You are right; we mustn’t. His name ought never to pass my lips, only
in my prayers.’

She grew calmer, and they sat hand in hand.

‘Try to make your mother understand,’ advised Letty. ‘Say that it is
impossible you should ever accept him.’

‘She won’t believe that, I’m sure she won’t. And to think that, even
if I did it only to please her, people would believe I had married him
because he is rich!’

Letty spoke with more emphasis than hitherto.

‘But you cannot and must not do such a thing to please any one, Adela!
It is wrong even to think of it. Nothing, nothing can justify that.’

How strong she was in the purity of her own love, good little Letty! So
they talked together, and mingled their tears, and the room was made a
sacred place as by the presence of sorrowing angels.


The New Wanley Lecture Hall had been publicly dedicated to the service
of the New Wanley Commonwealth, and only in one respect did the day’s
proceedings fall short of Mutimer’s expectations. He had hoped to have
all the Waltham family at his luncheon party, but in the event Alfred
alone felt himself able to accept the invitation. Mutimer had even
nourished the hope that something might happen before that day to allow
of Adela’s appearing not merely in the character of a guest, but, as it
were, _ex officio_. By this time he had resolutely forbidden his eyes to
stray to the right hand or the left, and kept them directed with hungry,
relentless steadiness straight along the path of his desires. He had
received no second letter from his mother, nor had Alice anything
to report of danger-signals at home; from Emma herself came a letter
regularly once a week, a letter of perfect patience, chiefly concerned
with her sister’s health. He had made up his mind to declare nothing
till the irretrievable step was taken, when reproaches only could
befall him; to Alice as little as to any one else had he breathed of his
purposes. And he could no longer even take into account the uncertainty
of his success; to doubt of that would have been insufferable at the
point which he had reached in self-abandonment. Yet day after day saw
the postponement of the question which would decide his fate. Between
him and Mrs. Waltham the language of allusion was at length put aside;
he spoke plainly of his wishes, and sought her encouragement. This was
not wanting, but the mother begged for time. Let the day of the ceremony
come and go.

Richard passed through it in a state of exaltation and anxiety which
bordered on fever. Mr. Westlake and his wife came down from London by an
early train, and he went over New Wanley with them before luncheon. The
luncheon itself did not lack festive vivacity; Richard, in surveying his
guests from the head of the board, had feelings not unlike those wherein
King Polycrates lulled himself of old; there wanted, in truth, one thing
to complete his self-complacence, but an extra glass or two of wine
enrubied his imagination, and he already saw Adela’s face smiling to him
from the table’s unoccupied end. What was such conquest in comparison
with that which fate had accorded him?

There was a satisfactory gathering to hear Mr. Westlake’s address;
Richard did not fail to note the presence of a few reporters, only it
seemed to him that their pencils might have been more active. Here,
too, was Adela at length; every time his name was uttered, perforce she
heard; every encomium bestowed upon him by the various speakers was to
him like a new bud on the tree of hope. After all, why should he feel
this humility towards her? What man of prominence, of merit, at all
like his own would ever seek her hand? The semblance of chivalry which
occasionally stirred within him was, in fact, quite inconsistent with
his reasoned view of things; the English working class has, on the
whole, as little of that quality as any other people in an elementary
stage of civilisation. He was a man, she a woman. A lady, to be sure,
but then--

After Mutimer, Alfred Waltham had probably more genuine satisfaction in
the ceremony than any one else present. Mr. Westlake he was not quite
satisfied with; there was a mildness and restraint about the style of
the address which to Alfred’s taste smacked of feebleness; he was
for Cambyses’ vein. Still it rejoiced him to hear the noble truths of
democracy delivered as it were from the bema. To a certain order
of intellect the word addressed by the living voice to an attentive
assembly is always vastly impressive; when the word coincides with
private sentiment it excites enthusiasm. Alfred hated the aristocratic
order of things with a rabid hatred. In practice he could be as
coarsely overbearing with his social inferiors as that scion of
the nobility--existing of course somewhere--who bears the bell for
feebleness of the pia mater; but that made him none the less a sound
Radical. In thinking of the upper classes he always thought of Hubert
Eldon, and that name was scarlet to him. Never trust the thoroughness of
the man who is a revolutionist on abstract principles; personal feeling
alone goes to the root of the matter.

Many were the gentlemen to whom Alfred had the happiness of being
introduced in the course of the day. Among others was Mr. Keene the
journalist. At the end of a lively conversation Mr. Keene brought out a
copy of the ‘Belwick Chronicle,’ that day’s issue.

‘You’ll find a few things of mine here,’ he said. ‘Put it in your
pocket, and look at it afterwards. By-the-by, there is a paragraph
marked; I meant it for Mutimer. Never mind, give it him when you’ve done
with it.’

Alfred bestowed the paper in the breast pocket of his greatcoat, and did
not happen to think of it again till late that evening. His discovery of
it at length was not the only event of the day which came just too late
for the happiness of one with whose fortunes we are concerned.

A little after dark, when the bell was ringing which summoned Mutimer’s
workpeople to the tea provided for them, Hubert Eldon was approaching
the village by the road from Agworth: he was on foot, and had chosen his
time in order to enter Wanley unnoticed. His former visit, when he was
refused at the Walthams’ door, had been paid at an impulse; he had come
down from London by an early train, and did not even call to see his
mother at her new house in Agworth. Nor did ho visit her on his way
back; he walked straight to the railway station and took the first train
townwards. To-day he came in a more leisurely way. It was certain news
contained in a letter from his mother which brought him, and with her he
spent some hours before starting to walk towards Wanley.

‘I hear,’ Mrs. Eldon had written, ‘from Wanley something which really
surprises me. They say that Adela Waltham is going to marry Mr. Mutimer.
The match is surely a very strange one. I am only fearful that it is the
making of interested people, and that the poor girl herself has not had
much voice in deciding her own fate. Oh, this money! Adela was worthy of
better things.’

Mrs. Eldon saw her son with surprise, the more so that she divined the
cause of his coming. When they had talked for a while, Hubert frankly
admitted what it was that had brought him.

‘I must know,’ he said, ‘whether the news from Wanley is true’

‘But can it concern you, Hubert?’ his mother asked gently.

He made no direct reply, but expressed his intention of going over to

‘Whom shall you visit, dear?’

‘Mr. Wyvern.’

‘The vicar? But you don’t know him personally.’

‘Yes, I know him pretty well. We write to each other occasionally.’

Mrs. Eldon always practised most reserve when her surprise was
greatest--an excellent rule, by-the-by, for general observation. She
looked at her son with a half-smile of wonder, but only said ‘Indeed?’

‘I had made his acquaintance before his coming to Wanley,’ Hubert

His mother just bent her head, acquiescent. And with that their
conversation on the subject ended. But Hubert received a tender kiss on
his cheek when he set forth in the afternoon.

To one entering the valley after nightfall the situation of the
much-discussed New Wanley could no longer be a source of doubt. Two
blast-furnaces sent up their flare and lit luridly the devastated scene.
Having glanced in that direction Hubert did his best to keep his eyes
averted during the remainder of the walk. He was surprised to see a
short passenger train rush by on the private line connecting the works
with Agworth station; it was taking away certain visitors who had
lingered in New Wanley after the lecture. Knowing nothing of the
circumstances, he supposed that general traffic had been commenced. He
avoided the village street, and reached the Vicarage by a path through

He found the vicar at dinner, though it was only half-past six. The
welcome he received was, in Mr. Wyvern’s manner, almost silent; but
when he had taken a place at the table he saw satisfaction on his host’s
face. The meal was very plain, but the vicar ate with extraordinary
appetite; he was one of those men in whom the demands of the stomach
seem to be in direct proportion to the activity of the brain. A question
Hubert put about the train led to a brief account of what was going on.
Mr. Wyvern spoke on the subject with a gravity which was not distinctly
ironical, but suggested criticism.

They repaired to the study. A volume of Plato was open on the

‘Do you remember Socrates’ prayer in the “Phaedrus”?’ said the vicar,
bending affectionately over the page. He read a few words of the Greek,
then gave a free rendering. ‘Beloved Pan, and all ye other gods who
haunt this place, give me beauty in the inward soul; and may the outward
and inward be at one. May I esteem the wise alone wealthy, and may I
have such abundance of wealth as none but the temperate can carry.’

He paused a moment.

‘Ah, when I came hither I hoped to find Pan undisturbed. Well, well,
after all, Hephaestus was one of the gods.’

‘How I envy you your quiet mind!’ said Hubert.

‘Quiet? Nay, not always so. Just now I am far from at peace. What brings
you hither to-day?’

The equivoque was obviated by Mr. Wyvern’s tone.

‘I have heard stories about Adela Waltham. Is there any truth in them?’

‘I fear so; I fear so.’

‘That she is really going to marry Mr. Mutimer?’

He tried to speak the name without discourtesy, but his lips writhed
after it.

‘I fear she is going to marry him,’ said the vicar deliberately.

Hubert held his peace.

‘It troubles me. It angers me,’ said Mr. Wyvern. ‘I am angry with more
than one.’

‘Is there an engagement?’

‘I am unable to say. Tattle generally gets ahead of fact.’

‘It is monstrous!’ burst from the young man. ‘They are taking advantage
of her innocence. She is a child. Why do they educate girls like that? I
should say, how can they leave them so uneducated? In an ideal world it
would be all very well, but see what comes of it here? She is walking
with her eyes open into horrors and curses, and understands as little
of what awaits her as a lamb led to butchery. Do you stand by and say

‘It surprises me that you are so affected,’ remarked the vicar quietly.

‘No doubt. I can’t reason about it. But I know that my life will be
hideous if this goes on to the end.’

‘You are late.’

‘Yes, I am late. I was in Wanley some weeks ago; I did not tell you of
it. I called at their house; they were not at home to me. Yet Adela was
sitting at the window. What did that mean? Is her mother so contemptible
that my change of fortune leads her to treat me in that way?’

‘But does no other reason occur to you?’ asked Mr. Wyvern, with grave

‘Other reason! What other?’

‘You must remember that gossip is active.’

‘You mean that they have heard abou--?’

‘Somehow it had become the common talk of the village very shortly after
my arrival here.’

Hubert dropped his eyes in bewilderment.

‘Then they think me unfit to associate with them? She--Adela will look
upon me as a vile creature! But it wasn’t so when I saw her immediately
after my illness. She talked freely and with just the same friendliness
as before.’

‘Probably she had heard nothing then.’

‘And her mother only began to poison her mind when it was advantageous
to do so?’

Hubert laughed bitterly.

‘Well, there is an end of it,’ he pursued. ‘Yes, I was forgetting all
that. Oh, it is quite intelligible; I don’t blame them. By all means
let her be preserved from contagion! Pooh! I don’t know my own mind.
Old fancies that I used to have somehow got hold of me again If I ever
marry, it must be a woman of the world, a woman with brain and heart to
judge human nature. It is gone, as if I had never had such a thought.
Poor child, to be sure; but that’s all one can say.’

His tone was as far from petulance as could be. Hubert’s emotions were
never feebly coloured; his nature ran into extremes, and vehemence of
scorn was in him the true voice of injured tenderness. Of humility he
knew but little, least of all where his affections were concerned, but
there was the ring of noble metal in his self-assertion. He would never
consciously act or speak a falsehood, and was intolerant of the lies,
petty or great, which conventionality and warped habits of thought
encourage in those of weaker personality.

‘Let us be just,’ remarked Mr. Wyvern, his voice sounding rather
sepulchral after the outburst of youthful passion. ‘Mrs. Waltham’s point
of view is not inconceivable. I, as you know, am not altogether a man of
formulas, but I am not sure that my behaviour would greatly differ from
hers in her position; I mean as regards yourself.’

‘Yes, yes; I admit the reasonableness of it,’ said Hubert more calmly,
‘granted that you have to deal with children. But Adela is too old to
have no will or understanding. It may be she has both. After all she
would scarcely allow herself to be forced into a detestable marriage.
Very likely she takes her mother’s practical views.’

‘There is such a thing as blank indifference in a young girl who has
suffered disappointment.’

‘I could do nothing,’ exclaimed Hubert. ‘That she thinks of me at all,
or has ever seriously done so, is the merest supposition. There was
nothing binding between us. If she is false to herself, experience and
suffering must teach her.’

The vicar mused.

‘Then you go your way untroubled?’ was his next question.

‘If I am strong enough to overcome foolishness.’

‘And if foolishness persists in asserting itself?’

Hubert kept gloomy silence.

‘Thus much I can say to you of my own knowledge,’ observed Mr. Wyvern
with weight. ‘Miss Waltham is not one to speak words lightly. You call
her a child, and no doubt her view of the world is childlike; but she is
strong in her simplicity. A pledge from her will, or I am much mistaken,
bear no two meanings. Her marriage with Mr. Mutimer would be as little
pleasing to me as to you, but I cannot see that I have any claim
to interpose, or, indeed, power to do so. Is it not the same with

‘No, not quite the same.’

‘Then you have hope that you might still affect her destiny?’

Hubert did not answer.

‘Do you measure the responsibility you would incur? I fear not, if you
have spoken sincerely. Your experience has not been of a kind to aid
you in understanding her, and, I warn you, to make her subject to your
caprices would be little short of a crime, whether now--heed me--or

‘Perhaps it is too late,’ murmured Hubert.

‘That may well be, in more senses than one.’

‘Can you not discover whether she is really engaged?’

‘If that were the case, I think I should have heard of it.’

‘If I were allowed to see her! So much at least should be granted me. I
should not poison the air she breathes.’

‘Do you return to Agworth to-night?’ Mr. Wyvern inquired.

‘Yes, I shall walk back.’

‘Can you come to me again to-morrow evening?’

It was agreed that Hubert should do so. Mr. Wyvern gave no definite
promise of aid, but the young man felt that he would do something.

‘The night is fine,’ said the vicar; ‘I will walk half a mile with you.’

They left the Vicarage, and ten yards from the door turned into the path
which would enable them to avoid the village street. Not two minutes
after their quitting the main road the spot was passed by Adela herself,
who was walking towards Mr. Wyvern’s dwelling. On her inquiring for
the vicar, she learnt from the servant that he had just left home. She
hesitated, and seemed about to ask further questions or leave a message,
but at length turned away from the door and retraced her steps slowly
and with bent head.

She knew not whether to feel glad or sorry that the interview she had
come to seek could not immediately take place. This day had been a
hard one for Adela. In the morning her mother had spoken to her
without disguise or affectation, and had told her of Mutimer’s indirect
proposal. Mrs. Waltham went on to assure her that there was no hurry,
that Mutimer had consented to refrain from visits for a short time in
order that she might take counsel with herself, and that--the mother’s
voice trembled on the words--absolute freedom was of course left her
to accept or refuse. But Mrs. Waltham could not pause there, though she
tried to. She went on to speak of the day’s proceedings.

‘Think what we may, my dear, of Mr. Mutimer’s opinions, no one can deny
that he is making a most unselfish use of his wealth. We shall have
an opportunity to-day of hearing how it is regarded by those who--who
understand such questions.’

Adela implored to be allowed to remain at home instead of attending the
lecture, but on this point Mrs. Waltham was inflexible. The girl could
not offer resolute opposition in a matter which only involved an hour
or two’s endurance. She sat in pale silence. Then her mother broke into
tears, bewailed herself as a luckless being, entreated her daughter’s
pardon, but in the end was perfectly ready to accept Adela’s

On her return from New Wanley, Adela sat alone till tea-time, and after
that meal again went to her room. She was not one of those girls to
whom tears come as a matter of course on any occasion of annoyance or of
grief; her bright eyes had seldom been dimmed since childhood, for the
lightsomeness of her character threw off trifling troubles almost as
soon as they were felt, and of graver afflictions she had hitherto known
none since her father’s death. But since the shock she received on that
day when her mother revealed Hubert Eldon’s unworthiness, her emotional
life had suffered a slow change. Evil, previously known but as a dark
mystery shadowing far-off regions, had become the constant preoccupation
of her thoughts. Drawing analogies from the story of her faith, she
imaged Hubert as the angel who fell from supreme purity to a terrible
lordship of perdition. Of his sins she had the dimmest conception; she
was told that they were sins of impurity, and her understanding of such
could scarcely have been expressed save in the general language of her
prayers. Guarded jealously at every moment of her life, the world had
made no blur on the fair tablet of her mind; her Eden had suffered
no invasion. She could only repeat to herself that her heart had gone
dreadfully astray in its fondness, and that, whatsoever it cost her, the
old hopes, the strength of which was only now proved, must be utterly
uprooted. And knowing that, she wept.

Sin was too surely sorrow, though it neared her only in imagination. In
a few weeks she seemed to have almost outgrown girlhood; her steps were
measured, her smile was seldom and lacked mirth. The revelation would
have done so much; the added and growing trouble of Mutimer’s attentions
threatened to sink her in melancholy. She would not allow it to be seen
more than she could help; cheerful activity in the life of home was one
of her moral duties, and she strove hard to sustain it. It was a relief
to find herself alone each night, alone with her sickness of heart.

The repugnance aroused in her by the thought of becoming Mutimer’s wife
was rather instinctive than reasoned. From one point of view, indeed,
she deemed it wrong, since it might be entirely the fruit of the love
she was forbidden to cherish. Striving to read her conscience, which for
years had been with her a daily task and was now become the anguish of
every hour, she found it hard to establish valid reasons for steadfastly
refusing a man who was her mother’s choice. She read over the marriage
service frequently. There stood the promise--to love, to honour, and to
obey. Honour and obedience she might render him, but what of love? The
question arose, what did love mean? Could there be such a thing as
love of an unworthy object? Was she not led astray by the spirit of
perverseness which was her heritage?

Adela could not bring herself to believe that ‘to love’ in the sense of
the marriage service and to ‘be in love’ as her heart understood it
were one and the same thing. The Puritanism of her training led her to
distrust profoundly those impulses of mere nature. And the circumstances
of her own unhappy affection tended to confirm her in this way of
thinking. Letty Tew certainly thought otherwise, but was not Letty’s own
heart too exclusively occupied by worldly considerations?

Yet it said ‘love.’ Perchance that was something which would come after
marriage; the promise, observe, concerned the future. But she was not
merely indifferent; she shrank from Mutimer.

She returned home from the lecture to-day full of dread--dread more
active than she had yet known. And it drove her to a step she had
timidly contemplated for more than a week. She stole from the house,
bent on seeing Mr. Wyvern. She could not confess to him, but she could
speak of the conflict between her mother’s will and her own, and beg his
advice; perhaps, if he appeared favourable, ask him to intercede with
her mother. She had liked Mr. Wyvern from the first meeting with him,
and a sense of trust had been nourished by each succeeding conversation.
In her agitation she thought it would not be hard to tell him so much of
the circumstances as would enable him to judge and counsel.

Yet it was with relief, on the whole, that she turned homewards with her
object unattained. It would be much better to wait and test herself yet
further. Why should she not speak with her mother about that vow she was
asked to make?

She did not seek solitude again, but joined her mother and Alfred in
the sitting-room. Mrs. Waltham made no inquiry about the short absence.
Alfred had only just called to mind the newspaper which Mr. Keene had
given him; and was unfolding it for perusal. His eye caught a marked
paragraph, one of a number under the heading ‘Gossip from Town.’ As he
read it he uttered a ‘Hullo!’ of surprise.

‘Well, here’s the latest,’ he continued, looking at his companions
with an amused eye. ‘Something about that fellow Eldon in a Belwick
newspaper. What do you think?’

Adela kept still and mute.

‘Whatever it is, it cannot interest us, Alfred,’ said Mrs. Waltham, with
dignity. ‘We had rather not hear it.’

‘Well, you shall read it for yourself,’ replied Alfred on a second
thought. ‘I think you’d like to know.’

His mother took the paper under protest, and glanced down at the
paragraph carelessly. But speedily her attention became closer.

‘An item of intelligence,’ wrote the London gossiper, ‘which I dare
say will interest readers in certain parts of--shire. A lady of French
extraction who made a name for herself at a leading metropolitan theatre
last winter, and who really promises great things in the Thespian art,
is back among us from a sojourn on the Continent. She is understood to
have spent much labour in the study of a new part, which she is about
to introduce to us of the modern Babylon. But Albion, it is whispered,
possesses other attractions for her besides appreciative audiences. In
brief, though she will of course appear under the old name, she will in
reality have changed it for one of another nationality before presenting
herself in the radiance of the footlights. The happy man is Mr. Hubert
Eldon, late of Wanley Manor. We felicitate Mr. Eldon.’

Mrs. Waltham’s hands trembled as she doubled the sheet: there was a
gleam of pleasure on her face.

‘Give me the paper when you have done with it,’ she said.

Alfred laughed, and whistled a tune as he continued the perusal of Mr.
Keene’s political and social intelligence, on the whole as trustworthy
as the style in which it was written was terse and elegant. Adela,
finding she could feign indifference no longer, went from the room.

‘Where did you get this?’ Mrs. Waltham asked with eagerness as soon as
the girl was gone.

‘From the writer himself,’ Alfred replied, visibly proud of his intimacy
with a man of letters. ‘Fellow called Keene. Had a long talk with him.’

‘About this?’

‘Oh, no. I’ve only just come across it. But he said he’d marked
something for Mutimer. I’m to pass the paper on to him.’

‘I suppose this is the same woman--?’

‘No doubt.’

‘You think it’s true?’

‘True? Why, of course it is. A newspaper with a reputation to support
can’t go printing people’s names at haphazard. Keene’s very thick with
all the London actors. He told me some first-class stories about--’

‘Never mind,’ interposed his mother. ‘Well, to think it should come to
this! I’m sure I feel for poor Mrs. Eldon. Really there is no end to her

‘Just how such families always end up,’ observed Alfred complacently.
‘No doubt he’ll drink himself to death, or something of that kind, and
then we shall have the pleasure of seeing a new tablet in the church,
inscribed with manifold virtues; or even a stained-glass window: the
last of the Eldons deserves something noteworthy.’

‘I think it’s hardly a subject for joking, Alfred. It is very, very sad.
And to think what a fine handsome boy he used to be! But he was always
dreadfully self-willed.’

‘He was always an impertinent puppy! How he’ll play the swell on his
wife’s earnings! Oh, our glorious aristocracy!’

Mrs. Waltham went early to her daughter’s room. Adela was sitting with
her Bible before her--had sat so since coming upstairs, yet had not read
three consecutive verses. Her face showed no effect of tears, for the
heat of a consuming suspense had dried the fountains of woe.

‘I don’t like to occupy your mind with such things, my dear,’ began her
mother, ‘but perhaps as a warning I ought to show you the news Alfred
spoke of. It pleases Providence that there should be evil in the world,
and for our own safety we must sometimes look it in the face, especially
we poor women, Adela. Will you read that?’

Adela read. She could not criticise the style, but it affected her as
something unclean; Hubert’s very name suffered degradation when used in
such a way. Prepared for worse things than that which she saw, no
shock of feelings was manifest in her. She returned the paper without

‘I wanted you to see that my behaviour to Mr. Eldon was not
unjustified,’ said her mother. ‘You don’t blame me any longer, dear?’

‘I have never blamed you, mother.’

‘It is a sad, sad end to what might have been a life of usefulness and
honour. I have thought so often of the parable of the talents; only I
fear this case is worse. His poor mother! I wonder if I could write to
her! Yet I hardly know how to.’

‘Is this a--a wicked woman, mother?’ Adela asked falteringly.

Mrs. Waltham shook her head and sighed.

‘My love, don’t you see that she is an actress?’

‘But if all actresses are wicked, how is it that really good people go
to the theatre?’

‘I am afraid they oughtn’t to. The best of us are tempted into
thoughtless pleasure. But now I don’t want you to brood over things
which it is a sad necessity to have to glance at. Read your chapter,
darling, and get to bed.’

To bed--but not to sleep. The child’s imagination was aflame. This
scarlet woman, this meteor from hell flashing before the delighted eyes
of men, she, then, had bound Hubert for ever in her toils; no release
for him now, no ransom to eternity. No instant’s doubt of the news
came to Adela; in her eyes _imprimatur_ was the guarantee of truth. She
strove to picture the face which had drawn Hubert to his doom. It must
be lovely beyond compare. For the first time in her life she knew the
agonies of jealousy.

She could not shed tears, but in her anguish she fell upon prayer, spoke
the words above her breath that they might silence that terrible voice
within. Poor lost lamb, crying in the darkness, sending forth such
piteous utterance as might create a spirit of love to hear and rescue.

Rescue--none. When the fire wasted itself, she tried to find solace in
the thought that one source of misery was stopped. Hubert was married,
or would be very soon, and if she had sinned in loving him till now,
such sin would henceforth be multiplied incalculably; she durst not, as
she valued her soul, so much as let his name enter her thoughts. And
to guard against it, was there not a means offered her? The doubt as
to what love meant was well-nigh solved; or at all events she held it
proved that the ‘love’ of the marriage service was something she had
never yet felt, something which would follow upon marriage itself.
Earthly love had surely led Hubert Eldon to ruin; oh, not that could be
demanded of her! What reason had she now to offer against her mother’s
desire? Letty’s arguments were vain; they were but as the undisciplined
motions of her own heart. Marriage with a worthy man must often have
been salvation to a rudderless life; for was it not the _ceremony_
which, after all, constituted the exclusive sanction?

Mutimer, it was true, fell sadly short of her ideal of goodness. He was
an unbeliever. But might not this very circumstance involve a duty? As
his wife, could she not plead with him and bring him to the truth? Would
not that be _loving_ him, to make his spiritual good the end of her
existence? It was as though a great light shot athwart her darkness.
She raised herself in bed, and, as if with her very hands, clung to the
inspiration which had been granted her. The light was not abiding, but
something of radiance lingered, and that must stead her.

Her brother returned to Belwick next morning after an early breakfast.
He was in his wonted high spirits, and talked with much satisfaction of
the acquaintances he had made on the previous day, while Adela waited
upon him. Mrs. Waltham only appeared as he was setting off.

Adela sat almost in silence whilst her mother breakfasted.

‘You don’t look well, dear?’ said the latter, coming to the little room
upstairs soon after the meal.

‘Yes, I am well, mother. But I want to speak to you.’

Mrs. Waltham seated herself in expectation.

‘Will you tell me why you so much wish me to marry Mr. Mutimer?’

Adela’s tone was quite other than she had hitherto used in conversations
of this kind. It was submissive, patiently questioning.

‘You mustn’t misunderstand me,’ replied the mother with some
nervousness. ‘The wish, dear, must of course be yours as well. You know
that I--that I really have left you to consult your own--’

The sentence was unfinished.

‘But you have tried to persuade me, mother dear,’ pursued the gentle
voice. ‘You would not do so if you did not think it for my good.’

Something shot painfully through Mrs. Waltham’s heart.

‘I am sure I have thought so, Adela; really I have thought so. I know
there are objections, but no marriage is in every way perfect. I feel so
sure of his character--I mean of his character in a worldly sense.
And you might do so much to--to show him the true way, might you not,
darling? I’m sure his heart is good.’

Mrs. Waltham also was speaking with less confidence than on former
occasions. She cast side glances at her daughter’s colourless face.

‘Mother, may I marry without feeling that--that I love him?’

The face was flushed now for a moment. Adela had never spoken that word
to anyone; even to Letty she had scarcely murmured it. The effect upon
her of hearing it from her own lips was mysterious, awful; the sound
did not die with her voice, but trembled in subtle harmonies along the
chords of her being.

Her mother took the shaken form and drew it to her bosom.

‘If he is your husband, darling, you will find that love grows. It is
always so. Have no fear. On his side there is not only love; he respects
you deeply; he has told me so.’

‘And you encourage me to accept him, mother? It is your desire? I am
your child, and you can wish nothing that is not for my good. Guide
me, mother. It is so hard to judge for myself. You shall decide for me,
indeed you shall.’

The mother’s heart was wrung. For a moment she strove to speak the
very truth, to utter a word about that love which Adela was resolutely
excluding. But the temptation to accept this unhoped surrender proved
too strong. She sobbed her answer.

‘Yes, I do wish it, Adela. You will find that I--that I was not wrong.’

‘Then if he asks me, I will marry him.’

As those words were spoken Mutimer issued from the Manor gates,
uncertain whether to go his usual way down to the works or to pay a
visit to Mrs. Waltham. The latter purpose prevailed.

The evening before, Mr. Willis Rodman had called at the Manor shortly
after dinner. He found Mutimer smoking, with coffee at his side, and
was speedily making himself comfortable in the same way. Then he drew
a newspaper from his pocket. ‘Have you seen the “Belwick Chronicle” of
to-day?’ he inquired.

‘Why the deuce should I read such a paper?’ exclaimed Richard, with
good-humoured surprise. He was in excellent spirits to-night, the
excitement of the day having swept his mind clear of anxieties.

‘There’s something in it, though, that you ought to see.’

He pointed out the paragraph relating to Eldon.

‘Keene’s writing, eh?’ said Mutimer thoughtfully.

‘Yes, he gave me the paper.’

Richard rekindled his cigar with deliberation, and stood for a few
moments with one foot on the fender.

‘Who is the woman?’ he then asked.

‘I don’t know her name. Of course it’s the same story continued.’

‘And concluded.’

‘Well, I don’t know about that,’ said the other, smiling and shaking his

‘This may or may not be true, I suppose,’ was Richard’s next remark.

‘Oh, I suppose the man hears all that kind of thing. I don’t see any
reason to doubt it.’

‘May I keep the paper?’

‘Oh, yes. Keene told me, by-the-by, that he gave a copy to young

Mr. Rodman spoke whilst rolling the cigar in his mouth. Mutimer allowed
the subject to lapse.

There was no impossibility, no improbability even, in the statement made
by the newspaper correspondent; yet as Richard thought it over in the
night, he could not but regard it as singular that Mr. Keene should be
the man to make public such a piece of information so very opportunely.
He was far from having admitted the man to his confidence, but between
Keene and Rodman, as he was aware, an intimacy had sprung up. It might
be that one or the other had thought it worth while to serve him;
why should Keene be particular to put a copy of the paper into Alfred
Waltham’s hands? Well, he personally knew nothing of the affair. If
the news effected anything, so much the better. He hoped it might be

Among his correspondence in the morning was a letter from Emma Vine.
He opened it last; anyone observing him would have seen with what
reluctance he began to read it.

‘My dear Richard,’ it ran, ‘I write to thank you for the money. I would
very much rather have had a letter from you, however short a one. It
seems long since you wrote a real letter, and I can’t think how long
since I have seen you. But I know how full of business you are, dear,
and I’m sure you would never come to London without telling me, because
if you hadn’t time to come here, I should be only too glad to go to
Highbury, if only for one word. We have got some mourning dresses to
make for the servants of a lady in Islington, so that is good news. But
poor Jane is very bad indeed. She suffers a great deal of pain, and most
of all at night, so that she scarcely ever gets more than half-an-hour
of sleep at a time, if that. What makes it worse, dear Richard, is that
she is so very unhappy. Sometimes she cries nearly through the whole
night. I try my best to keep her up, but I’m afraid her weakness has
much to do with it. But Kate is very well, I am glad to say, and the
children are very well too. Bertie is beginning to learn to read. He
often says he would like to see you. Thank you, dearest, for the money
and all your kindness, and believe that I shall think of you every
minute with much love. From yours ever and ever,


It would be cruel to reproduce Emma’s errors of spelling. Richard had
sometimes noted a bad instance with annoyance, but it was not that which
made him hurry to the end this morning with lowered brows. When he had
finished the letter he crumbled it up and threw it into the fire. It was
not heartlessness that made him do so: he dreaded to have these letters
brought before his eyes a second time.

He was also throwing the envelope aside, when he discovered that it
contained yet another slip of paper. The writing on this was not Emma’s:
the letters were cramped and not easy to decipher.

‘Dear Richard, come to London and see me. I want to speak to you, I must
speak to you. I can’t have very long to live, and I _must_, _must_ see


This too he threw into the fire. His lips were hard set, his eyes wide.
And almost immediately he prepared to leave the house.

It was early, but he felt that he must go to the Walthams’. He had
promised Mrs. Waltham to refrain from visiting the house for a week, but
that promise it was impossible to keep. Jane’s words were ringing in his
ears: he seemed to hear her very voice calling and beseeching. So far
from changing his purpose, it impelled him in the course he had chosen.
There must and should be an end of this suspense.

Mrs. Waltham had just come downstairs from her conversation with Adela,
when she saw Mutimer approaching the door. She admitted him herself.
Surely Providence was on her side; she felt almost young in her

Richard remained in the house about twenty minutes. Then he walked down
to the works as usual.

Shortly after his departure another visitor presented himself. This was
Mr. Wyvern. The vicar’s walk in Hubert’s company the evening before
had extended itself from point to point, till the two reached Agworth
together. Mr. Wyvern was addicted to night-rambling, and he often
covered considerable stretches of country in the hours when other
mortals slept. To-night he was in the mood for such exercise; it worked
off unwholesome accumulations of thought and feeling, and good counsel
often came to him in what the Greeks called the kindly time. He did not
hurry on his way back to Wanley, for just at present he was much in need
of calm reflection.

On his arrival at the Vicarage about eleven o’clock the servant
informed him of Miss Waltham’s having called. Mr. Wyvern heard this with
pleasure. He thought at first of writing a note to Adela, begging her
to come to the Vicarage again, but by the morning he had decided to be
himself the visitor.

He gathered at once from Mrs. Waltham’s face that events of some
agitating kind were in progress. She did not keep him long in
uncertainty. Upon his asking if he might speak a few words with Adela,
Mrs. Waltham examined him curiously.

‘I am afraid,’ she said, ‘that I must ask you to excuse her this
morning, Mr. Wyvern. She is not quite prepared to see anyone at present.
In fact,’ she lowered her voice and smiled very graciously, ‘she has
just had an--an agitating interview with Mr. Mutimer--she has consented
to be his wife.’

‘In that case I cannot of course trouble her,’ the vicar replied, with
gravity which to Mrs. Waltham appeared excessive, rather adapted to news
of a death than of a betrothal. The dark searching eyes, too, made her
feel uncomfortable. And he did not utter a syllable of the politeness
expected on these occasions.

‘What a very shocking thing about Mr. Eldon!’ the lady pursued. ‘You
have heard?’

‘Shocking? Pray, what has happened?’

Hubert had left him in some depression the night before, and for a
moment Mr. Wyvern dreaded lest some fatality had become known in Wanley.

‘Ah, you have not heard? It is in this newspaper.’

The vicar examined the column indicated.

‘But,’ he exclaimed, with subdued indignation, ‘this is the merest

‘A falsehood! Are you sure of that, Mr. Wyvern?’

‘Perfectly sure. There is no foundation for it whatsoever.’

‘You don’t say so! I am very glad to hear that, for poor Mrs. Eldon’s

‘Could you lend me this newspaper for to-day?’

‘With pleasure. Really you relieve me, Mr. Wyvern. I had no means of
inquiring into the story, of course. But how disgraceful that such a
thing should appear in print!’

‘I am sorry to say, Mrs. Waltham, that the majority of things which
appear in print nowadays are more or less disgraceful. However, this may
claim prominence, in its way.’

‘And I may safely contradict it? It will be such a happiness to do so.’

‘Contradict it by all means, madam. You may cite me as your authority.’

The vicar crushed the sheet into his pocket and strode homewards.


In the church of the Insurgents there are many orders. To rise to the
supreme passion of revolt, two conditions are indispensable: to possess
the heart of a poet, and to be subdued by poverty to the yoke of ignoble
labour. But many who fall short of the priesthood have yet a share
of the true spirit, bestowed upon them by circumstances of birth and
education, developed here and there by the experience of life, yet
rigidly limited in the upshot by the control of material ease, the fatal
lordship of the comfortable commonplace. Of such was Hubert Eldon. In
him, despite his birth and breeding, there came to the surface a rich
vein of independence, obscurely traceable, no doubt, in the
characters of certain of his ancestors, appearing at length where
nineteenth-century influences had thinned the detritus of convention
and class prejudice. His nature abounded in contradictions, and as yet
self-study--in itself the note of a mind striving for emancipation--had
done little for him beyond making clear the manifold difficulties strewn
in his path of progress.

You know already that it was no vulgar instinct of sensuality which had
made severance between him and the respectable traditions of his family.
Observant friends naturally cast him in the category of young men whom
the prospect of a fortune seduces to a life of riot; his mother had no
means of forming a more accurate judgment. Mr. Wyvern alone had seen
beneath the surface, aided by a liberal study of the world, and no doubt
also by that personal sympathy which is so important an ally of charity
and truth. Mr. Wyvern’s early life had not been in smooth waters; in him
too revolt was native, tempered also by spiritual influences of the most
opposite kind. He felt a deep interest in the young man, and desired to
keep him in view. It was the first promise of friendship that had been
held out to Hubert, who already suffered from a sense of isolation, and
was wondering in what class of society he would have to look for his
kith and kin. Since boyhood he had drawn apart to a great extent from
the companionships which most readily offered. The turn taken by the
circumstances of his family affected the pride which was one of his
strongest characteristics; his house had fallen, and it seemed to him
that a good deal of pity, if not of contempt, mingled with his reception
by the more fortunate of his own standing. He had never overcome a
natural hostility to old Mr. Mutimer: the _bourgeois_ virtues of the
worthy ironmaster rather irritated than attracted him, and he suffered
intensely in the thought that his mother brought herself to close
friendship with one so much her inferior just for the sake of her son’s
future. In this matter he judged with tolerable accuracy. Mrs. Eldon,
finding in the old man a certain unexpected refinement over and above
his goodness of heart, consciously or unconsciously encouraged herself
in idealising him, that the way of interest might approach as nearly as
might be to that of honour. Hubert, with no understanding for the craggy
facts of life, inwardly rebelled against the whole situation. He felt
that it laid him open to ridicule, the mere suspicion of which always
stung him to the quick. When, therefore, he declared to his mother,
in the painful interview on his return to Wanley, that it was almost a
relief to him to have lost the inheritance, he spoke with perfect truth.
Amid the tempest which had fallen on his life there rose in that moment
the semblance of a star of hope. The hateful conditions which had
weighed upon his future being finally cast off, might he not look
forward to some nobler activity than had hitherto seemed possible? Was
he not being saved from his meaner self, that part of his nature which
tended to conventional ideals, which was subject to empty pride and
ignoble apprehensions? Had he gone through the storm without companion,
hope might have overcome every weakness, but sympathy with his mother’s
deep distress troubled his self-control. At her feet he yielded to the
emotions of childhood, and his misery increased until bodily suffering
brought him the relief of unconsciousness.

To his mother perhaps he owed that strain of idealism which gave his
character its significance. In Mrs. Eldon it affected only the inner
life; in Hubert spiritual strivings naturally sought the outlet of
action. That his emancipation should declare itself in some exaggerated
way was quite to be expected: impatience of futilities and insincerities
made common cause with the fiery spirit of youth and spurred him into
reckless pursuit of that abiding rapture which is the dream and the
despair of the earth’s purest souls. The pistol bullet checked his
course, happily at the right moment. He had gone far enough for
experience and not too far for self-recovery. The wise man in looking
back upon his endeavours regrets nothing of which that can be said.

By the side of a passion such as that which had opened Hubert’s
intellectual manhood, the mild, progressive attachments sanctioned by
society show so colourless as to suggest illusion. Thinking of Adela
Waltham as he lay recovering from his illness, he found it difficult
to distinguish between the feelings associated with her name and those
which he had owed to other maidens of the same type. A week or two
at Wanley generally resulted in a conviction that he was in love with
Adela; and had Adela been entirely subject to her mother’s influences,
had she fallen but a little short of the innocence and delicacy which
were her own, whether for happiness or the reverse, she would doubtless
have been pledged to Hubert long ere this. The merest accident had in
truth prevented it. At home for Christmas, the young man had made up his
mind to speak and claim her: he postponed doing so till he should have
returned from a visit to a college friend in the same county. His friend
had a sister, five or six years older than Adela, and of a warmer type
of beauty, with the finished graces of the town. Hubert found himself
once more without guidance, and so left Wanley behind him, journeying to
an unknown land.

Hubert could not remember a time when he had not been in love. The
objects of his devotion had succeeded each other rapidly, but each in
her turn was the perfect woman. His imagination cast a halo about a
beautiful head, and hastened to see in its possessor all the poetry of
character which he aspired to worship. In his loves, as in every other
circumstance of life, he would have nothing of compromise; for him the
world contained nothing but his passion, and existence had no other end.
Between that past and this present more intervened than Hubert could yet
appreciate; but he judged the change in himself by the light in which
that early love appeared to him. Those were the restless ardours of
boyhood: he could not henceforth trifle so with solemn meanings. The
ideal was harder of discovery than he had thought; perhaps it was not
to be found in the world at all. But what less perfect could henceforth
touch his heart?

Yet throughout his convalescence he thought often of Adela, perhaps
because she was so near, and because she doubtless often thought of him.
His unexpected meeting with her on Stanbury Hill affected him strangely:
the world was new to his eyes, and the girl’s face seemed to share in
the renewal; it was not quite the same face that he had held in memory,
but had a fresh significance. He read in her looks more than formerly he
had been able to see. This impression was strengthened by his interview
with her on the following day. Had she too grown much older in a few

After spending a fortnight with his mother at Agworth, he went to
London, and for a time thought as little of Adela as of any other woman.
New interests claimed him, interests purely intellectual, the stronger
that his mind seemed just aroused from a long sleep. He threw himself
into various studies with more zeal than he had hitherto devoted to
such interests; not that he had as yet any definite projects, but solely
because it was his nature to be in pursuit of some excellence and to
scorn mere acquiescence in a life of every-day colour. He lived all but
in loneliness, and when the change had had time to work upon him his
thoughts began to revert to Adela, to her alone of those who stood on
the other side of the gulf. She came before his eyes as a vision of
purity; it was soothing to picture her face and to think of her
walking in the spring meadows. He thought of her as of a white rose,
dew-besprent, and gently swayed by the sweet air of a sunny morning;
a white rose newly spread, its heart virgin from the hands of shaping
Nature. He could not decide what quality, what absence of thought, made
Adela so distinct to him. Was it perhaps the exquisite delicacy apparent
in all she did or said? Even the most reverent thought seemed gross in
touching her; the mind flitted round about her, kept from contact by a
supreme modesty, which she alone could inspire If her head were painted,
it must be against the tenderest eastern sky; all associations with her
were of the morning, when heatless rays strike level across the moist
earth, of simple devoutness which renders thanks for the blessing of a
new day, of mercy robed like the zenith at dawn.

His study just now was of the early Italians, in art and literature.
There was more of Adela than he perceived in the impulse which guided
him in that direction. When he came to read the ‘Vita Nuova,’ it was of
Adela expressly that he thought. The poet’s passion of worship entered
his heart; transferring his present feeling to his earlier self, he grew
to regard his recent madness as a lapse from the true love of his life.
He persuaded himself that he had loved Adela in a far more serious way
than any of the others who from time to time had been her rivals, and
that the love was now returning to him, strengthened and exalted. He
began to write sonnets in Dante’s manner, striving to body forth in
words the new piety which illumined his life. Whereas love had been to
him of late a glorification of the senses, he now cleansed himself from
what he deemed impurity and adored in mere ecstasy of the spirit. Adela
soon became rather a symbol than a living woman; he identified her with
the ends to which his life darkly aspired, and all but convinced himself
that memory and imagination would henceforth suffice to him.

In the autumn he went down to Agworth, and spent a few days with his
mother. The temptation to walk over to Wanley and call upon the Walthams
proved too strong to be resisted. His rejection at their door was rather
a shock than a surprise; it had never occurred to him that the old
friendly relations had been in any way disturbed; he explained Mrs.
Waltham’s behaviour by supposing that his silence had offended her,
and perhaps his failure to take leave of her before quitting Wanley.
Possibly she thought he had dealt lightly with Adela. Offence on purely
moral grounds did not even suggest itself.

He returned to London anxious and unhappy. The glimpse of Adela sitting
at the window had brought him back to reality; after all it was no
abstraction that had become the constant companion of his solitude; his
love was far more real for that moment’s vision of the golden head, and
had a very real power of afflicting him with melancholy. He faltered in
his studies, and once again had lost the motive to exertion. Then came
the letter from his mother, telling of Adela’s rumoured engagement. It
caused him to set forth almost immediately.

The alternation of moods exhibited in his conversation with Mr. Wyvern
continued to agitate him during the night. Now it seemed impossible
to approach Adela in any way; now he was prepared to defy every
consideration in order to save her and secure his own happiness. Then,
after dwelling for awhile on the difficulties of his position, he tried
to convince himself that once again he had been led astray after beauty
and goodness which existed only in his imagination, that in losing Adela
he only dismissed one more illusion. Such comfort was unsubstantial;
he was, in truth, consumed in wretchedness at the thought that she once
might easily have been his, and that he had passed her by. What matter
whether we love a reality or a dream, if the love drive us to frenzy?
Yet how could he renew his relations with her? Even if no actual
engagement bound her, she must be prejudiced against him by stories
which would make it seem an insult if he addressed her. And if the
engagement really existed, what shadow of excuse had he for troubling
her with his love?

When he entered his mother’s room in the morning, Mrs. Eldon took a
small volume from the table at her side.

‘I found this a few weeks ago among the books you left with me,’ she
said. ‘How long have you had it, Hubert?’

It was a copy of the ‘Christian Year,’ and writing on the fly-leaf
showed that it belonged, or had once belonged, to Adela Waltham.

Hubert regarded it with surprise.

‘It was lent to me a year ago,’ he said. ‘I took it away with me. I had
forgotten that I had it.’

The circumstances under which it had been lent to him came back very
clearly now. It was after that visit to his friend which had come so
unhappily between him and Adela. When he went to bid her good-bye he
found her alone, and she was reading this book. She spoke of it, and, in
surprise that he had never read it, begged him to take it to Oxford.

‘I have another copy,’ Adela said. ‘You can return that any time.’

The time had only now come. Hubert resolved to take the book to Wanley
in the evening; if no other means offered, Mr. Wyvern would return it to
the owner. Might he enclose a note? Instead of that, he wrote out
from memory two of his own sonnets, the best of those he had recently
composed under the influence of the ‘Vita Nuova,’ and shut them between
the pages. Then he made the book into a parcel and addressed it.

He started for his walk at the same hour as on the evening before. There
was frost in the air, and already the stars were bright. As he drew
near to Wanley, the road was deserted; his footfall was loud on the hard
earth. The moon began to show her face over the dark top of Stanbury
Hill, and presently he saw by the clear rays that the figure of a woman
was a few yards ahead of him; he was overtaking her. As he drew near to
her, she turned her head. He knew her at once, for it was Letty Tew. He
had been used to meet Letty often at the Walthams’.

Evidently he was himself recognised; the girl swerved a little, as if to
let him pass, and kept her head bent. He obeyed an impulse and spoke to

‘I am afraid you have forgotten me, Miss Tew. Yet I don’t like to pass
you without saying a word.’

‘I thought it was--the light makes it difficult--’ Letty murmured, sadly

‘But the moon is beautiful.’

‘Very beautiful.’

They regarded it together. Letty could not help glancing at her
companion, and as he did not turn his face she examined him for a moment
or two.

‘I am going to see my friend Mr. Wyvern,’ Hubert proceeded.

A few more remarks of the kind were exchanged, Letty by degrees
summoning a cold confidence; then Hubert said--

‘I have here a book which belongs to Miss Waltham. She lent it to me
a year ago, and I wish to return it. Dare I ask you to put it into her

Letty knew what the book must be. Adela had told her of it at the time,
and since had spoken of it once or twice.

‘Oh, yes, I will give it her,’ she replied, rather nervously again.

‘Will you say that I would gladly have thanked her myself, if it had
been possible?’

‘Yes, Mr. Eldon, I will say that.’

Something in Hubert’s voice seemed to cause Letty to raise her eyes

‘You wish me to thank her?’ she added; inconsequently perhaps, but with
a certain significance.

‘If you will be so kind.’

Hubert wanted to say more, but found it difficult to discover the right
words. Letty, too, tried to shadow forth something that was in her mind,
but with no better success.

‘If I remember,’ Hubert said, pausing in his walk, ‘this stile will
be my shortest way across to the Vicarage. Thank you much for your

He had raised his hat and was turning, but Letty impulsively put forth
her hand. ‘Good-bye,’ he said, in a friendly voice, as he took the
little fingers. ‘I wish the old days were back again, and we were going
to have tea together as we used to.’

Mr. Wyvern’s face gave no promise of cheerful intelligence as he
welcomed his visitor.

‘What is the origin of this, I wonder?’ he said, handing Hubert the
‘Belwick Chronicle.’

The state of the young man’s nerves was not well adapted to sustain
fresh irritation. He turned pale with anger.

‘Is this going the round of Wanley?’

‘Probably. I had it from Mrs. Waltham.’

‘Did you contradict it?’

‘As emphatically as I could.’

‘I will see the man who edits this to-morrow,’ cried Hubert hotly. ‘But
perhaps he is too great a blackguard to talk with.’

‘It purports to come, you see, from a London correspondent. But I
suppose the source is nearer.’

‘You mean--you think that man Mutimer has originated it?’

‘I scarcely think that.’

‘Yet it is more than likely. I will go to the Manor at once. At least he
shall give me yes or no.’

He had started to his feet, but the vicar laid a hand on his shoulder.

‘I’m afraid you can’t do that.’

‘Why not?’

‘Consider. You have no kind of right to charge him with such a thing.
And there is another reason: he proposed to Miss Waltham this morning,
and she accepted him.’

‘This morning? And this paper is yesterday’s. Why, it makes it more
likely than ever. How did they get the paper? Doubtless he sent it them.
If she has accepted him this very day--’

The repetition of the words seemed to force their meaning upon him
through his anger. His voice failed.

‘You tell me that Adela Waltham has engaged herself to that man?’

‘Her mother told me, only a few minutes after it occurred.’

‘Then it was this that led her to consent.’

‘Surely that is presupposing too much, my dear Eldon,’ said the vicar

‘No, not more than I know to be true. I could not say that to anyone
but you; you must understand me. The girl is being cheated into marrying
that fellow. Of her own free will she could not do it. This is one of
numberless lies. You are right; it’s no use to go to him: he wouldn’t
tell the truth. But _she_ must be told. How can I see her?’

‘It is more difficult than ever. Her having accepted him makes all the
difference. Explain it to yourself as you may, you cannot give her to
understand that you doubt her sincerity.’

‘But does she know that this story is false?’

‘Yes, that she will certainly hear. I have busied myself in
contradicting it. If Mrs. Waltham does not tell her, she will hear it
from her friend Miss Tew, without question.’

Hubert pondered, then made the inquiry:

‘How could I procure a meeting with Miss Tew? I met her just now on the
road and spoke to her. I think she might consent to help me.’

Mr. Wyvern looked doubtful.

‘You met her? She was coming from Agworth?’

‘She seemed to be.’

‘Her father and mother are gone to spend to-morrow with friends in
Belwick; I suppose she drove into Wanley with them, and walked back.’

The vicar probably meant this for a suggestion; at all events, Hubert
received it as one.

‘Then I will simply call at the house. She may be alone. I can’t weigh

Mr. Wyvern made no reply. The announcement that dinner was ready allowed
him to quit the subject. Hubert with difficulty sat through the meal,
and as soon as it was over took his departure, leaving it uncertain
whether he would return that evening. The vicar offered no further
remark on the subject of their thoughts, but at parting pressed the
young man’s hand warmly.

Hubert walked straight to the Tews’ dwelling. The course upon which he
had decided had disagreeable aspects and involved chances anything but
pleasant to face; he had, however, abundance of moral courage, and his
habitual scorn of petty obstacles was just now heightened by passionate
feeling. He made his presence known at the house-door as though his
visit were expected. Letty herself opened to him. It was Saturday night,
and she thought the ring was Alfred Waltham’s. Indeed she half uttered
a few familiar words; then, recognising Hubert, she stood fixed in

‘Will you allow me to speak with you for a few moments, Miss Tew?’
Hubert said, with perfect self-possession. ‘I ask your pardon for
calling at this hour. My business is urgent; I have come without a
thought of anything but the need of seeing you.’

‘Will you come in, Mr. Eldon?’

She led him into a room where there was no fire, and only one lamp
burning low.

‘I’m afraid it’s very cold here,’ she said, with extreme nervousness.
‘The other room is occupied--my sister and the children; I hope you--’

A little girl put in her face at the door, asking ‘Is it Alfred?’ Letty
hurried her away, closed the door, and, whilst lighting two candles on
the mantelpiece, begged her visitor to seat himself.

‘If you will allow me, I will stand,’ said Hubert. ‘I scarcely know how
to begin what I wish to say. It has reference to Miss Waltham. I wish
to see her; I must, if she will let me, have an opportunity of speaking
with her. But I have no direct means of letting her know my wish;
doubtless you understand that. In my helplessness I have thought of
you. Perhaps I am asking an impossibility. Will you--can you--repeat my
words to Miss Waltham, and beg her to see me?’

Letty listened in sheer bewilderment. The position in which she found
herself was so alarmingly novel, it made such a whirlpool in her quiet
life, that it was all she could do to struggle with the throbbing of her
heart and attempt to gather her thoughts. She did not even reflect that
her eyes were fixed on Hubert’s in a steady gaze. Only the sound of his
voice after silence aided her to some degree of collectedness.

‘There is every reason why you should accuse me of worse than
impertinence,’ Hubert continued, less impulsively. ‘I can only ask your
forgiveness. Miss Waltham may very likely refuse to see me, but, if you
would ask her--’

Letty was borne on a torrent of strange thoughts. How could this man,
who spoke with such impressive frankness, with such persuasiveness, be
the abandoned creature that she had of late believed him? With Adela’s
secret warm in her heart she could not but feel an interest in Hubert,
and the interest was becoming something like zeal on his behalf. During
the past two hours her mind had been occupied with him exclusively; his
words when he left her at the stile had sounded so good and tender that
she began to question whether there was any truth at all in the evil
things said about him. The latest story had just been declared baseless
by no less an authority than the vicar, who surely was not a man to
maintain friendship with a worthless profligate. What did it all mean?
She had heard only half an hour ago of Adela’s positive acceptance of
Mutimer, and was wretched about it; secure in her own love-match, it was
the mystery of mysteries that Adela should consent to marry a man
she could scarcely endure. And here a chance of rescue seemed to be
offering; was it not her plain duty to give what help she might?

‘You have probably not seen her since I gave you the book?’ Hubert said,
perceiving that Letty was quite at a loss for words.

‘No, I haven’t seen her at all to-day,’ was the reply. ‘Do you wish me
to go to-night?’

‘You consent to do me this great kindness?’

Letty blushed. Was she not committing herself too hastily

‘There cannot be any harm in giving your message,’ she said, half
interrogatively, her timidity throwing itself upon Hubert’s honour.

‘Surely no harm in that.’

‘But do you know that she--have you heard--?’

‘Yes, I know. She has accepted an offer of marriage. It was because
I heard of it that I came to you. You are her nearest friend; you
can speak to her as others would not venture to. I ask only for five
minutes. I entreat her to grant me that.’

To add to her perturbation, Letty was in dread of hearing Alfred’s ring
at the door; she durst not prolong this interview.

‘I will tell her,’ she said. ‘If I can, I will see her to-night.’

‘And how can I hear the result? I am afraid to ask you--if you would
write one line to me at Agworth? I am staying at my mother’s house.’

He mentioned the address. Letty, who felt herself caught up above the
world of common experiences and usages, gave her promise as a matter of

‘I shall not try to thank you,’ Hubert said. ‘But you will not doubt
that I am grateful?’

Letty said no more, and it was with profound relief that she heard the
door close behind her visitor. But even yet the danger was not past;
Alfred might at this moment be approaching, so as to meet Hubert near
the house. And indeed this all but happened, for Mr. Waltham presented
himself very soon. Letty had had time to impose secrecy on her sisters,
such an extraordinary proceeding on her part that they were awed, and
made faithful promise of discretion.

Letty drew her lover into the fireless room; she had blown out the
candles and turned the lamp low again, fearful lest her face should
display signs calling for comment.

‘I did so want you to come!’ she exclaimed. ‘Tell me about Adela.’

‘I don’t know that there’s anything to tell,’ was Alfred’s stolid reply.
‘It’s settled, that’s all. I suppose it’s all right.’

‘But you speak as if you thought it mightn’t be, Alfred?’

‘Didn’t know that I did. Well, I haven’t seen her since I got home.
She’s upstairs.’

‘Can’t I see her to-night? I do so want to.’

‘I dare say she’d be glad.’

‘But what is it, my dear boy? I’m sure you speak as if you weren’t quite

‘The mater says it’s all right I suppose she knows.’

‘But you’ve always been so anxious for it.’

‘Anxious? I haven’t been anxious at all. But I dare say it’s the wisest
thing she could do. I like Mutimer well enough.’

‘Alfred, I don’t think he’s the proper husband for Adela.’

‘Why not? There’s not much chance that she’ll get a better.’

Alfred was manifestly less cheerful than usual. When Letty continued to
tax him with it he grew rather irritable.

‘Go and talk to her yourself,’ he said at length. ‘You’ll find it’s all
right. I don’t pretend to understand her; there’s so much religion mixed
up with her doings, and I can’t stand that.’

Letty shook her head and sighed.

‘What a vile smell of candle smoke there is here!’ Alfred cried. ‘And
the room must be five or six degrees below zero. Let’s go to the fire.’

‘I think I shall run over to Adela at once,’ said Letty, as she followed
him into the hall.

‘All right. Don’t be vexed if she refuses to let you in. I’ll stay here
with the youngsters a bit.’

The truth was that Alfred did feel a little uncomfortable this evening,
and was not sorry to be away from the house for a short time. He was
one of those young men who will pursue an end out of mere obstinacy, and
who, through default of imaginative power, require an event to declare
itself before they can appreciate the ways in which it will affect
them. This marriage of his sister with a man of the working class had
possibly, he now felt, other aspects than those which alone he had
regarded whilst it was merely a matter for speculation. He was
not seriously uneasy, but wished his mother had been somewhat less
precipitate. Well, Adela could not be such a simpleton as to be driven
entirely counter to her inclinations in an affair of so much importance.
Girls were confoundedly hard to understand, in short; probably they
existed for the purpose of keeping one mentally active.

Letty found Mrs. Waltham sitting alone, she too seemingly not in the
best of spirits. There was something depressing in the stillness of the
house. Mrs. Waltham had her volume of family prayers open before her;
her handkerchief lay upon it.

‘She is naturally a little--a little fluttered,’ she said, speaking
of Adela. ‘I hoped you would look in. Try and make her laugh, my dear;
that’s all she wants.’

The girl tripped softly upstairs, and softly knocked at Adela’s door. At
her ‘May I come in?’ the door was opened. Letty examined her friend with
surprise; in Adela’s face there was no indication of trouble, rather the
light of some great joy dwelt in her eyes. She embraced Letty tenderly.
The two were as nearly as possible of the same age, but Letty had always
regarded Adela in the light of an elder sister; that feeling was very
strong in her just now, as well as a diffidence greater than she had
known before.

‘Are you happy, darling?’ she asked timidly.

‘Yes, dear, I am happy. I believe, I am sure, I have done right. Take
your hat off; it’s quite early. I’ve just been reading the collect for
to-morrow. It’s one of those I have never quite understood, but I think
it’s clear to me now.’

They read over the prayer together, and spoke of it for a few minutes.

‘What have you brought me?’ Adela asked at length, noticing a little
parcel in the other’s hand.

‘It’s a book I have been asked to give you. I shall have to explain. Do
you remember lending someone your “Christian Year”?’

The smile left Adela’s face, and the muscles of her mouth strung

‘Yes, I remember,’ she replied coldly.

‘As I was walking back from Agworth this afternoon, he overtook me on
the road and asked me to return it to you.’

‘Thank you, dear.’

Adela took the parcel and laid it aside. There was an awkward silence.
Letty could not look up.

‘He was going to see Mr. Wyvern,’ she continued, as if anxious to lay
stress on this. ‘He seems to know Mr. Wyvern very well.’

‘Yes? You didn’t miss Alfred, I hope. He went out a very short time

‘No, I saw him. He stayed with the others. But I have something more to
tell you, about--about him.’

‘About Alfred?’

‘About Mr. Eldon.’

Adela looked at her friend with a grave surprise, much as a queen
regards a favourite subject who has been over-bold.

‘I think we won’t talk of him, Letty,’ she said from her height.

‘Do forgive me, Adela. I have promised toto say something. There must
have been a great many things said that were not true, just like this
about his marriage; I am so sure of it.’

Adela endeavoured to let the remark pass without replying to it. But her
thought expressed itself involuntarily.

‘His marriage? What do you know of it?’

‘Mr. Wyvern came to see mother this morning, and showed her a newspaper
that your mother gave him. It said that Mr. Eldon was going to marry an
actress, and Mr. Wyvern declared there was not a word of truth in it.
But of course your mother told you that?’

Adela sat motionless. Mrs. Waltham had not troubled herself to make
known the vicar’s contradiction. But Adela could not allow herself to
admit that. Binding her voice with difficulty, she said:

‘It does not at all concern me.’

‘But your mother _did_ tell you, Adela?’ Letty persisted, emboldened by
a thought which touched upon indignation.

‘Of course she did.’

The falsehood was uttered with cold deliberateness. There was nothing to
show that a pang quivered on every nerve of the speaker.

‘Who can have sent such a thing to the paper?’ Letty exclaimed. ‘There
must be someone who wishes to do him harm. Adela, I don’t believe
_anything_ that people have said!’

Even in speaking she was frightened at her own boldness. Adela’s eyes
had never regarded her with such a look as now.

‘Adela, my darling! Don’t, don’t be angry with me!’

She sprang forward and tried to put her arms about her friend, but Adela
gently repelled her.

‘If you have promised to say something, Letty, you must keep your
promise. Will you say it at once, and then let us talk of something

Letty checked a tear. Her trustful and loving friend seemed changed to
someone she scarcely knew. She too grew colder, and began her story in a
lifeless way, as if it no longer possessed any interest.

‘Just when I had had tea and was expecting Alfred to come, somebody rang
the bell. I went to the door myself, and it was Mr. Eldon. He had come
to speak to me of you. He said he wanted to see you, that he _must_
see you, and begged me to tell you that. That’s all, Adela. I couldn’t
refuse him; I felt I had no right to; he spoke in such a way. But I am
very sorry to have so displeased you, dear. I didn’t think you would
take anything amiss that I did in all sincerity. I am sure there has
been some wretched mistake, something worse than a mistake, depend upon
it. But I won’t say any more. And I think I’ll go now, Adela.’

Adela spoke in a tone of measured gravity which was quite new in her.

‘You have not displeased me, Letty. I don’t think you have been to blame
in any way; I am sure you had no choice but to do as he asked you. You
have repeated all he said?’

‘Yes, all; all the words, that is. There was something that I can’t

‘And if I consented to see him, how was he to know?’

‘I promised to write to him. He is staying at Agworth.’

‘You mustn’t do that, dear. I will write to him myself, then I can thank
him for returning the book. What is his address?’

Letty gave it.

‘It is, of course, impossible for me to see him,’ pursued Adela, still
in the same measured tones. ‘If I write myself it will save you any more
trouble. Forget it, if I seemed unkind, dear.’

‘Adela, I can’t forget it. You are not like yourself, not at all.
Oh, how I wish this had happened sooner! Why, why can’t you see him,
darling? I think you ought to; I do really think so.’

‘I must be the best judge of that, Letty. Please let us speak of it no

The sweet girl-face was adamant, its expression a proud virginity; an
ascetic sternness moulded the small, delicate lips. Letty’s countenance
could never have looked like that.

Left to herself again, Adela took the parcel upon her lap and sat
dreaming. It was long before her face relaxed; when it did so, the mood
that succeeded was profoundly sorrowful. One would have said that it
was no personal grief that absorbed her, but compassion for the whole
world’s misery.

When at length she undid the wrapping, her eye was at once caught by the
papers within the volume. She started, and seemed afraid to touch the
book. Her first thought was that Eldon had enclosed a letter; but she
saw that there was no envelope, only two or three loose slips. At length
she examined them and found the sonnets. They had no heading, but at the
foot of each was written the date of composition.

She read them. Adela’s study of poetry had not gone beyond a school-book
of selections, with the works of Mrs. Hemans and of Longfellow, and the
‘Christian Year.’ Hubert’s verses she found difficult to understand;
their spirit, the very vocabulary, was strange to her. Only on a second
reading did she attain a glimmering of their significance. Then she
folded them again and laid them on the table.

Before going to her bedroom she wrote this letter:

‘DEAR MR. ELDON,--I am much obliged to you for returning the “Christian
Year.” Some papers were left in its pages by accident, and I now enclose

‘Miss Tew also brought me a message from you. I am sorry that I cannot
do as you wish. I am unable to ask you to call, and I hope you will
understand me when I say that any other kind of meeting is impossible.

‘I am, yours truly, ‘ADELA WALTHAM.’

It was Adela’s first essay in this vein of composition. The writing cost
her an hour, and she was far from satisfied with the final form. But she
copied it in a firm hand, and made it ready for posting on the morrow.


‘Between Richard Mutimer, bachelor, and Adela Marian Waitham, spinster,
both of this parish’

It was the only announcement of the kind that Mr. Wyvern had to make
this Sunday. To one of his hearers he seemed to utter the names with
excessive emphasis, his deep voice reverberating in the church. The pews
were high; Adela almost cowered in her corner, feeling pierced with the
eyes, with the thoughts too, of the congregation about her.

She had wondered whether the Manor pew would be occupied to-day, but
it was not. When she stood up, her eyes strayed towards it; the red
curtains which concealed the interior were old and faded, the wooden
canopy crowned it with dreary state. In three weeks that would be
her place at service. Sitting there, it would not be hard to keep her
thoughts on mortality.

Would it not have been graceful in him to attend church to-day? Would
she in future worship under the canopy alone?

No time had been lost. Mr. Wyvern received notice of the proposed
marriage less than two hours after Adela had spoken her world-changing
monosyllable. She put in no plea for delay, and her mother, though
affecting a little consternation at Mutimer’s haste, could not seriously
object. Wanley, discussing the matter at its Sunday tea-tables, declared
with unanimity that such expedition was indecent. By this time the
disapproval of the village had attached itself exclusively to Mrs.
Waltham; Adela was spoken of as a martyr to her mother’s miserable
calculations. Mrs. Mewling went about with a story, that only by
physical restraint had the unhappy girl been kept from taking flight.
The name of Hubert Eldon once more came up in conversation. There was
an unauthenticated rumour that he had been seen of late, lurking about
Wanley. The more boldly speculative gossips looked with delicious
foreboding to the results of a marriage such as this. Given a young man
of Eldon’s reputation--ah me!

The Walthams all lunched (or dined) at the Manor. Mutimer was in high
spirits, or seemed so; there were moments when the cheerful look died
on his face, and his thoughts wandered from the conversation; but if
his eye fell on Adela he never failed to smile the smile of inner
satisfaction. She had not yet responded to his look, and only answered
his questions in the briefest words; but her countenance was resolutely
bright, and her beauty all that man could ask. Richard did not flatter
himself that she held him dear; indeed, he was a good deal in doubt
whether affection, as vulgarly understood, was consistent with breeding
and education. But that did not concern him; he had gained his end, and
was jubilant.

In the course of the meal he mentioned that his sister would come down
from London in a day or two. Christmas was only a week off, and he had
thought it would be pleasant to have her at the Manor for that season.

‘Oh, that’s very nice!’ assented Mrs. Waltham. ‘Alice, her name is,
didn’t you say? Is she dark or fair?’

‘Fair, and just about Adela’s height, I should think. I hope you’ll like
her, Adela.’

It was unfortunate that Richard did not pronounce the name of his bride
elect quite as it sounds on cultured lips. This may have been partly the
result of diffidence; but there was a slurring of the second syllable
disagreeably suggestive of vulgarity. It struck on the girl’s nerves,
and made it more difficult for her to grow accustomed to this form of
address from Mutimer.

‘I’m sure I shall try to,’ she replied to the remark about Alice, this
time endeavouring to fix her obstinate eyes for a moment on Richard’s

‘Your brother won’t come, then?’ Mrs. Waltham asked.

‘Not just yet, I’m afraid. He’s busy studying.’

‘To read and write, I fear,’ was the lady’s silent comment. On the score
of Alice, too, Mrs. Waltham nursed a certain anxiety. The damsels of
the working class are, or so she apprehended, somewhat more difficult of
acceptance than their fathers and brothers, and for several reasons. An
artisan does not necessarily suggest, indeed is very distinct from, the
footman or even groom; but to dissociate an uneducated maiden from the
lower regions of the house is really an exertion of the mind. And then,
it is to be feared, the moral tone of such young persons leaves for
the most part much to be desired. Mrs. Waltham was very womanly in her
distrust of her sex.

After luncheon there was an inspection of the house. Adela did not go
farther than the drawing-room; her brother remained with her whilst
Mutimer led Mrs. Waltham through the chambers she might care to see. The
lady expressed much satisfaction. The furnishing had been performed in
a substantial manner, without display; one might look forward to
considerable comfort at the Manor.

‘Any change that Adela suggests,’ said Richard during this tour, ‘shall
of course be carried out at once. If she doesn’t like the paper in any
of the rooms, she’s only got to say so and choose a better. Do you think
she’d care to look at the stables? I’ll get a carriage for her, and a
horse to ride, if she likes.’

Richard felt strongly that this was speaking in a generous way. He was
not aware that his tone hinted as much, but it unmistakably did.
The vulgarity of a man who tries hard not to be vulgar is always
particularly distressing.

‘Oh, how kind!’ murmured Mrs. Waltham. ‘Adela has never ridden; I should
think carriage exercise would be enough for her. We mustn’t forget your
principles, you know, for I’m sure they are very admirable.’

‘Oh, I don’t care anything about luxuries myself, but Adela shall have
everything she wants.’

Alfred Waltham, who knew the house perfectly, led his mother to inspect
the stables, Mutimer remaining with Adela in the drawing-room.

‘You’ve been very quiet all dinner-time,’ he said, taking a seat near
her and bending forward.

‘A little, perhaps. I am thinking of so many things.’

‘What are they, I wonder?’

‘Will you let me have some books about Socialism, and the other
questions in which you are interested?’

‘I should think I will! You really mean to study these things?’

‘Yes, I will read and think about them. And I shall be glad if you will
explain to me more about the works. I have never quite understood all
that you wish to do. Perhaps you will have time when you come to see us
some evening.’

‘Well, if I haven’t time, I’ll make it,’ said Richard, laughing. ‘You
can’t think how glad I am to hear you say this.’

‘When do you expect your sister?’

‘On Tuesday; at least, I hope it won’t be later. I’m sure you’ll like
her, you can’t help. She hasn’t such looks as you have, you know, but
we’ve always thought her very fair-looking. What do you think we often
call her? The Princess! That’s part because of her name, Alice Maud, and
part from a sort of way she’s always had. Not a flighty way, but a sort
of--well, I can’t describe it. I do hope you’ll like her.’

It was the first time Adela had heard him speak in a tone which
impressed her as entirely honest, not excepting his talk of the
Propaganda. Here, she felt, was a side of his character that she had
not suspected. His voice was almost tender; the play of his features
betokened genuine feeling.

‘I can see she is a great favourite with you,’ she replied. ‘I have no
doubt I shall like her.’

‘You’ll find a good deal that wants altering, I’ve no doubt,’ he
pursued, now quite forgetful of himself. ‘She hasn’t had much education,
you know, till just lately. But you’ll help her in that, won’t you?
She’s as good-natured as any girl living, and whenever you put her right
you may be sure she’ll only thank you. I’ve wanted to have her here
before, only I thought I’d wait till I knew whether--you know what I

As if in a sudden gloom before her eyes Adela saw his face draw nearer.
It was a moment’s loss of consciousness, in which a ghastly fear flashed
upon her soul. Then, with lips that quivered, she began to talk quickly
of Socialism, just to dispel the horror.

On the following afternoon Mutimer came, bringing a number of books,
pamphlets, and newspapers. Mrs. Waltham had discreetly abandoned the

‘I don’t want to frighten you,’ he said, laying down his bundle. ‘You
haven’t got to read through all these. I was up nearly all last night
marking pages that I thought you’d better study first of all. And here’s
a lot of back numbers of the “Fiery Cross;” I should like you to read
all that’s signed by Mr. Westlake; he’s the editor, you know.’

‘Is there anything here of your own writing?’ Adela inquired.

‘No, I haven’t written anything. I’ve kept to lecturing; it comes easier
to me. After Christmas I shall have several lectures to give in London.
Perhaps you’ll come and hear me?’

‘Yes, of course.’

‘Then you can get to know Mrs. Westlake, I dare say. She’s a lady, you
know, like yourself. There’s some poetry by her in the paper; it just
has her initials, “S. W.” She’s with us heart and soul, as you’ll see by
her writing.’

‘Is Alice a Socialist?’ Adela asked, after glancing fitfully at the

Richard laughed.

‘Oh, she’s a princess; it would be too much to expect Socialism of her.
But I dare say she’ll be beginning to think more now. I don’t mean
she’s been thoughtless in the wrong way; it’s just a--I can’t very well
describe it. But I hope you’ll see her to-morrow night May I bring her
to you when she comes?’

‘I hope you will.’

‘I’m glad your brother won’t be here. I only mean, you know, I’d rather
she got accustomed just to you first of all. I dare say she’ll be a bit
timid, you won’t mind that?’

Adela returned to the graver subject.

‘All the people at New Wanley are Socialists?’

‘Yes, all of them. They join the Union when they come to work, and we
take a good deal of care in choosing our men.’

‘And you pay higher wages than other employers?’

‘Not much higher, but the rents of the cottages are very low, and all
the food sold at the store is cost price. No, we don’t pretend to make
the men rich. We’ve had a good lot coming with quite mistaken ideas, and
of course they wouldn’t suit us. And you mustn’t call me the employer.
All I have I look upon as the property of the Union; the men own it as
much as I do. It’s only that I regulate the work, just because somebody
must. We’re not making any profits to speak of yet, but that’ll only
come in time; whatever remains as clear profit,--and I don’t take
anything out of the works myself--goes to the Propaganda fund of the

‘Please forgive my ignorance. I’ve heard that word “Propaganda” so
often, but I don’t know exactly what it means.’

Mutimer became patronising, quite without intending it.

‘Propaganda? Oh, that’s the spreading our ideas, you know; printing
paper, giving lectures, hiring places of meeting, and so on. That’s what
Propaganda means.’

‘Thank you,’ said Adela musingly. Then she continued,--

‘And the workmen only have the advantage, at present, of the low rents
and cheap food?’

‘Oh, a good deal more. To begin with, they’re housed like human beings,
and not like animals. Some day you shall see the kind of places the
people live in, in London and other big towns. You won’t believe your
eyes. Then they have shorter hours of work; they’re not treated like
omnibus horses, calculating just how much can be got out of them without
killing them before a reasonable time. Then they’re sure of their work
as long as they keep honest and don’t break any of our rules; that’s no
slight thing, I can tell you. Why, on the ordinary system a man may find
himself and his family without food any week end. Then there’s a good
school for the children; they pay threepence a week for each child.
Then there’s the reading-room and library, and the lectures, and the
recreation-grounds. You just come over the place with me some day, and
talk with the women, and see if they don’t think they’re well off.’

Adela looked him in the face.

‘And it is you they have to thank for all this?’

‘Well, I don’t want any credit for it,’ Mutimer replied, waving his
hand. ‘What would you think of me if I worked them like niggers and just
enjoyed myself on the profits? That’s what the capitalists do.’

‘I think you are doing more than most men would. There is only one

She dropped her voice.

‘What’s that, Adela?’

‘I’ll speak of it some other time.’

‘I know what you mean. You’re sorry I’ve got no religion. Ay, but I
have! There’s my religion, down there in New Wanley. I’m saving men and
women and children from hunger and cold and the lives of brute beasts. I
teach them to live honestly and soberly. There’s no public-house in New
Wanley, and there won’t be.’ (It just flashed across Adela’s mind that
Mutimer drank wine himself.) ‘There’s no bad language if I can help it.
The children ‘ll be brought up to respect the human nature that’s in
them, to honour their parents, and act justly and kindly to all they
have dealings with. Isn’t there a good deal of religion in that, Adela?’

‘Yes, but not all. Not the most important part’

‘Well, as you say, we’ll talk over that some other time. And now I’m
sorry I can’t stay any longer. I’ve twenty or thirty letters to get
written before post-time.’

Adela rose as he did.

‘If there’s ever anything I can do to help you,’ she said modestly, ‘you
will not fail to ask me?’

‘That I won’t What I want you to do now is to read what I’ve marked in
those books. You mustn’t tire your eyes, you know; there’s plenty of

‘I will read all you wish me to, and think over it as much as I can.’

‘Then you’re a right-down good girl, and if I don’t think myself a lucky
man, I ought to.’

He left her trembling with a strange new emotion, the begin fling of
a self-conscious zeal, an enthusiasm forced into being like a hothouse
flower. It made her cheeks burn; she could not rest till her study had

Richard had written to his sister, saying that he wanted her, that she
must come at once. To Alice his thoughts had been long turning; now that
the time for action had arrived, it was to her that he trusted for aid.
Things he would find it impossible to do himself, Alice might do for
him. He did not doubt his power of persuading her. With Alice principle
would stand second to his advantage. He had hard things to ask of
her, but the case was a desperate one, and she would endure the
unpleasantness for his sake. He blessed her in anticipation.

Alice received the letter summoning her on Monday morning. Richard
himself was expected in Highbury; expected, too, at a sad little house
in Hoxton; for he had constantly promised to spend Christmas with his
friends. The present letter did not say that he would not come, only
that he wanted his sister immediately. She was to bring her best dress
for wear when she arrived. He told her the train she was to take on
Tuesday morning.

The summons filled Alice with delight. Wanley, whence had come the
marvellous fortune, was in her imagination a land flowing with milk and
honey. Moreover, this would be her first experience of travel; as yet
she had never been farther out of London than to Epping Forest. The
injunction to bring her best dress excited visions of polite company.
All through Monday she practised ways of walking, of eating, of

‘What can he want you for?’ asked Mrs. Mutimer gloomily. ‘I sh’d ‘a
thought he might ‘a taken you with him after Christmas. It looks as if
he wasn’t coming.’

The old woman had been habitually gloomy of late. The reply she had
received to her letter was not at all what she wanted; it increased her
impatience; she had read it endless times, trying to get at the very
meaning of it. Christmas must bring an end to this wretched state of
things; at Christmas Dick would come to London and marry Emma; no doubt
he had that time in view. Fears which she would not consciously admit
were hovering about her night and day. She had begun to talk to herself
aloud, a consequence of over-stress on a brain never used to anxious
thought; she went about the upper rooms of the house muttering ‘Dick’s
an honest man.’ To keep moving seemed a necessity to her; the chair in
the dim corner of the dining-room she now scarcely ever occupied, and
the wonted employment of her fingers was in abeyance. She spent most of
her day in the kitchen; already two servants had left because they could
not endure her fidgety supervision. She was growing suspicious of every
one; Alice had to listen ten times a day to complaints of dishonesty in
the domestics or the tradespeople; the old woman kept as keen a watch
over petty expenditure as if poverty had still to be guarded against.
And she was constantly visiting the Vines; she would rise at small hours
to get her house-work done, so as to be able to spend the afternoon in
Wilton Square. That, in truth, was still her home; the new house could
never be to her what the old was; she was a stranger amid the new
furniture, and sighed with relief as soon as her eyes rested on the
familiar chairs and tables which had been her household gods through a

‘Arry had given comparatively little trouble of late; beyond an
occasional return home an hour or so after midnight, his proceedings
seemed to be perfectly regular. He saw a good deal of Mr. Keene, who, as
Alice gathered from various remarks in Richard’s letters, exercised over
him a sort of tutorage. It was singular how completely Richard seemed
to have changed in his judgment of Mr. Keene. ‘His connection with
newspapers makes him very useful,’ said one letter. ‘Be as friendly with
him as you like; I trust to your good sense and understanding of
your own interest to draw the line.’ When at the house Mr. Keene was
profoundly respectful; his position at such times was singular, for as
often as not Alice had to entertain him alone. Profound, too, was the
journalist’s discretion in regard to all doings down at Wanley. Knowing
he had several times visited the Manor, Alice often sought information
from him about her brother’s way of life. Mr. Keene always replied
with generalities. He was a man of humour in his way, and Alice came
to regard him with amusement. Then his extreme respect flattered her;
insensibly she took him for her criterion of gentility in men. He
supplied her with ‘society’ journals, and now and then suggested the
new novel that it behoved her to read. Richard had even withdrawn his
opposition to the theatre-going; about once in three weeks Mr. Keene
presented himself with tickets, and Alice, accompanied by her brother,
accepted his invitation.

He called this Monday evening. Mrs. Mutimer, after spending a day
of fretful misery, had gone to Wilton Square; ‘Arry was away at his
classes. Alice was packing certain articles she had purchased in the
afternoon, and had just delighted her soul with the inspection of a
travelling cloak, also bought to-day. When the visitor was announced,
she threw the garment over her shoulders and appeared in it.

‘Does this look nice, do you think?’ she asked, after shaking hands as
joyously as her mood dictated.

‘About as nice as a perfect thing always does when it’s worn by a
perfect woman,’ Mr. Keene replied, drawing back and inclining his body
at what he deemed a graceful angle.

‘Oh, come, that’s too much!’ laughed Alice.

‘Not a bit, Miss Mutimer. I suppose you travel in it tomorrow morning?’

‘How did you know that?’

‘I have heard from your brother to-day. I thought I might perhaps have
the great pleasure of doing you some slight service either to-night or
in the morning. You will allow me to attend you to the station?’

‘I really don’t think there’s any need to trouble you,’ Alice replied.
These respectful phrases always stirred her pleasurably: in listening
to them she bore herself with dignity, and endeavoured to make answer in
becoming diction.

‘Trouble? What other object have I in life but to serve you? I’ll put it
in another way: you won’t refuse me the pleasure of being near you for a
few minutes?’

‘I’m sure you’re very kind. I know very well it’s taking you out of your
way, but it isn’t likely I shall refuse to let you come.’

Mr. Keene bowed low in silence.

‘Have you brought me that paper?’ Alice asked, seating herself with
careful arrangement of her dress. ‘The Christmas number with the ghost
story you spoke of, you know?’

In the course of a varied life Mr. Keene had for some few months trodden
the boards of provincial theatres; an occasional turn of his speech, and
still more his favourite gestures, bore evidence to that period of his
career. Instead of making direct reply to Alice’s question, he stood for
a moment as if dazed; then flinging back his body, smote his forehead
with a ringing slap, and groaned ‘O Heaven!’

‘What’s the matter?’ cried the girl, not quite knowing whether to be
amused or alarmed.

But Mr. Keene was rushing from the room, and in an instant the house
door sounded loudly behind him. Alice stood disconcerted; then, thinking
she understood, laughed gaily and ran upstairs to complete her
packing. In a quarter of an hour Mr. Keene’s return brought her to the
drawing-room again. The journalist was propping himself against the
mantelpiece, gasping, his arms hanging limp, his hair disordered. As
Alice approached he staggered forward, fell on one knee, and held to her
the paper she had mentioned.

‘Pardon--forgive!’ he panted.

‘Why, where ever have you been?’ exclaimed Alice.

‘No matter! what are time and space? Forgive me, Miss Mutimer! I deserve
to be turned out of the house, and never stand in the light of your
countenance again.’

‘But how foolish! As if it mattered all that. What a state you’re in!
I’ll go and get you a glass of wine.’

She ran to the dining-room, and returned with a decanter and glass on a
tray. Mr. Keene had sunk upon a settee, one arm hanging over the back,
his eyes closed.

‘You have pardoned me?’ he murmured, regarding her with weary rapture.

‘I don’t see what there is to pardon. Do drink a glass of wine! Shall I
pour it out for you?’

‘Drink and service for the gods!’

‘Do you mean the people in the gallery?’ Alice asked roguishly,
recalling a term in which Mr. Keene had instructed her at their latest
visit to the theatre.

‘You are as witty as you are beautiful!’ he sighed, taking the glass and
draining it. Alice turned away to the fire; decidedly Mr. Keene was in
a gallant mood this evening; hitherto his compliments had been far more

They began to converse in a more terrestrial manner. Alice wanted to
know whom she was likely to meet at Wanley; and Mr. Keene, in a light
way, sketched for her the Waltham family. She became thoughtful whilst
he was describing Adela Waltham, and subsequently recurred several times
to that young lady. The journalist allowed himself to enter into detail,
and Alice almost ceased talking.

It drew on to half-past nine. Mr. Keene never exceeded discretion in the
hours of his visits. He looked at his watch and rose.

‘I may call at nine?’ he said.

‘If you really have time. But I can manage quite well by myself, you

‘What you _can_ do is not the question. If I had my will you should
never know a moment’s trouble as long as you lived.’

‘If I never have worse trouble than going to the railway station, I
shall think myself lucky.’

‘Miss Mutimer--’


‘You won’t drop me altogether from your mind whilst you’re away?’

There was a change in his voice. He had abandoned the tone of excessive
politeness, and spoke very much like a man who has feeling at the back
of his words. Alice regarded him nervously.

‘I’m not going to be away more than a day or two,’ she said, smoothing a
fold in her dress.

‘If it was only an hour or two I couldn’t bear to think you’d altogether
forgotten me.’

‘Why, of course I shan’t!’

‘But--Miss Mutimer, I’m abusing confidence. Your brother trusts me; he’s
done me a good many kindnesses. But I can’t help it, upon my soul. If
you betray me, I’m done for. You won’t do that? I put myself in your
power, and you’re too good to hurt a fly.’

‘What do you mean, Mr. Keene?’ Alice asked, inwardly pleased, yet
feeling uncomfortable.

‘I can’t go away to-night without saying it, and ten to one it means I
shall never see you again. You know what I mean. Well, harm me as you
like; I’d rather be harmed by you than done good to by any one else.
I’ve got so far, there’s no going back. Do you think some day you
could--do you think you _could_?’

Alice dropped her eyes and shook her pretty head slowly.

‘I can’t give any promise of that kind,’ she replied under her breath.

‘You hate me? I’m a disagreeable beast to you? I’m a low--’

‘Oh dear, don’t say such things, Mr. Keene! The idea! I don’t dislike
you a bit; but of course that’s a different thing--’

He held out his hand sadly, dashing the other over his eyes.

‘Good-bye, I don’t think I can come again. I’ve abused confidence.
When your brother hears of it--. But no matter, I’m only a--a sort of
crossing-sweeper in your eyes.’

Alice’s laugh rang merrily.

‘What things you do call yourself! Now, don’t go off like that, Mr.
Keene. To begin with, my brother won’t hear anything about it--’

‘You mean that? You are so noble, so forgiving? Pooh, as if I didn’t
know you were! Upon my soul, I’d run from here to South Kensington, like
the ragamuffins after the cabs with luggage, only just to get a smile
from you. Oh, Miss Mutimer--oh!’

‘Mr. Keene, I can’t say yes, and I don’t like to be so unkind to you as
to say no. You’ll let that do for the present, won’t you?’

‘Bless your bright eyes, of course I will! If I don’t love you for
your own sake, I’m the wretchedest turnip-snatcher in London. Good-bye,

‘Who taught you to call me that?’

‘Taught me? It was only a word that came naturally to my lips.’

Curiously, this was quite true. It impressed Alice Maud, and she thought
of Mr. Keene for at least five minutes continuously after his departure.

She was extravagantly gay as they drove in a four-wheeled cab to the
station next morning. Mr. Keene made no advances. He sat respectfully
on the seat opposite her, with a travelling bag on his knees, and sighed
occasionally. When she had secured her seat in the railway carriage he
brought her sandwiches, buns, and sweetmeats enough for a voyage to New
York. Alice waved her hand to him as the train moved away.

She reached Agworth at one o’clock; Richard had been pacing the platform
impatiently for twenty minutes. Porters were eager to do his bidding,
and his instructions to them were suavely imperative.

‘They know me,’ he remarked to Alice, with his air of satisfaction. ‘I
suppose you’re half frozen? I’ve got a foot-warmer in the trap.’

The carriage promised to Adela was a luxury Richard had not ventured to
allow himself. Alice mounted to a seat by his side, and he drove off.

‘Why on earth did you come second-class?’ he asked, after examining her
attire with approval.

‘Ought it to have been first? It really seemed such a lot of money,
Dick, when I came to look at the fares.’

‘Yes, it ought to have been first. In London things don’t matter, but
here I’m known, you see. Did mother go to the station with you?’

‘No, Mr. Keene did.’

‘Keene, eh?’ He bent his brows a moment.

‘I hope he behaves himself?’

‘I’m sure he’s very gentlemanly.’

‘Yes, you ought to have come first-class. A princess riding second’ll
never do. You look well, old girl? Glad to come, eh?’

‘Well, guess! And is this your own horse and trap, Dick?’

‘Of course it is.’

‘Who was that man? He touched his hat to you.’

Mutimer glanced back carelessly.

‘I’m sure I don’t know. Most people touch their hats to me about here.’

It was an ideal winter day. A feathering of snow had fallen at dawn, and
now the clear, cold sun made it sparkle far and wide. The horse’s tread
rang on the frozen highway. A breeze from the north-west chased the
blood to healthsome leaping, and caught the breath like an unexpected
kiss. The colour was high on Alice’s fair cheeks; she laughed with

‘Oh, Dick, what a thing it is to be rich! And you do look such a
gentleman; it’s those gloves, I think.’

‘Now we’re going into the village,’ Mutimer said presently. ‘Don’t look
about you too much, and don’t seem to be asking questions. Everybody ‘ll
be at the windows.’


Between the end of the village street and the gates of the Manor,
Mutimer gave his sister hasty directions as to her behaviour before the

‘Put on just a bit of the princess,’ he said. ‘Not too much, you know,
but just enough to show that it isn’t the first time in your life that
you’ve been waited on. Don’t always give a ‘thank you;’ one every now
and then’ll do. I wouldn’t smile too much or look pleased, whatever you
see. Keep that all till we’re alone together. We shall have lunch at
once; I’ll do most of the talking whilst the servants are about; you
just answer quietly.’

These instructions were interesting, but not altogether indispensable;
Alice Maud had by this time a very pretty notion of how to conduct
herself in the presence of menials. The trying moment was on entering
the house; it was very hard indeed not to utter her astonishment and
delight at the dimensions of the hall and the handsome staircase.
This point safely passed, she resigned herself to splendour, and was
conducted to her room in a sort of romantic vision. The Manor satisfied
her idea of the ancestral mansion so frequently described or alluded to
in the fiction of her earlier years. If her mind had just now reverted
to Mr. Keene, which of course it did not, she would have smiled very
royally indeed.

When she entered the drawing-room, clad in that best gown which her
brother had needlessly requested her to bring, and saw that Richard
was standing on the hearth-rug quite alone, she could no longer contain
herself, but bounded towards him like a young fawn, and threw her arms
on his neck.

‘Oh, Dick,’ she whispered, ‘what a thing it is to be rich! How ever did
we live so long in the old way! If I had to go back to it now I should
die of misery.’

‘Let’s have a look at you,’ he returned, holding her at arm’s length.
‘Yes, I think that’ll about do. Now mind you don’t let them see that
you’re excited about it. Sit down here and pretend to be a bit tired.
They may come and say lunch is ready any moment.’

‘Dick, I never felt so good in my life! I should like to go about the
streets and give sovereigns to everybody I met.’

Richard laughed loudly.

‘Well, well, there’s better ways than that. I’ve been giving a good many
sovereigns for a long time now. I’m only sorry you weren’t here when we
opened the Hall.’

‘But you haven’t told me why you sent for me now.’

‘All right, we’ve got to have a long talk presently. It isn’t all as
jolly as you think, but I can’t help that.’

‘Why, what can be wrong, Dick?’

‘Never mind; it’ll all come out in time.’

Alice came back upon certain reflections which had occupied her earlier
in the morning; they kept her busy through luncheon. Whilst she ate,
Richard observed her closely; on the whole he could not perceive a great
difference between her manners and Adela’s. Difference there was, but in
details to which Mutimer was not very sensitive. He kept up talk
about the works for the most part, and described certain difficulties
concerning rights of way which had of late arisen in the vicinity of the
industrial settlement.

‘I think you shall come and sit with me in the library,’ he said as they
rose from table. And he gave orders that coffee should be served to them
in that room.

The library did not as yet quite justify its name. There was only one
bookcase, and not more than fifty volumes stood on its shelves. But a
large writing-table was well covered with papers. There were no pictures
on the walls, a lack which was noticeable throughout the house. The
effect was a certain severity; there was no air of home in the spacious
chambers; the walls seemed to frown upon their master, the hearths were
cold to him as to an intruding alien. Perhaps Alice felt something of
this; on entering the library she shivered a little, and went to warm
her hands at the fire.

‘Sit in this deep chair,’ said her brother. ‘I’ll have a cigarette.
How’s mother?’

‘Well, she hasn’t been quite herself,’ Alice replied, gazing into the
fire. ‘She can’t get to feel at home, that’s the truth of it. She goes.
very often to the old house.’

‘Goes very often to the old house, does she?’

He repeated the words mechanically, watching smoke that issued from his
lips. ‘Suppose she’ll get all right in time.’

When the coffee arrived a decanter of cognac accompanied it. Richard had
got into the habit of using the latter rather freely of late. He
needed a stimulant in view of the conversation that was before him. The
conversation was difficult to begin. For a quarter of an hour he strayed
over subjects, each of which, he thought, might bring him to the point.
A question from Alice eventually gave him the requisite impulse.

‘What’s the bad news you’ve got to tell me, Dick?’ she asked shyly.

‘Bad news? Why, yes, I suppose it is bad, and it’s no use pretending
anything else. I’ve brought you down here just to tell it you. Somebody
must know first, and it had better be somebody who’ll listen patiently,
and perhaps help me to get over it. I don’t know quite how you’ll take
it, Alice. For anything I can tell you may get up and be off, and have
nothing more to do with me.’

‘Why, what ever can it be, Dick? Don’t talk nonsense. You’re not afraid
of _me_, I should think.’

‘Yes, I am a bit afraid of you, old girl. It isn’t a nice thing to tell
you, and there’s the long and short of it. I’m hanged if I know how to

He laughed in an irresolute way. Trying to light a new cigarette from
the remnants of the one he had smoked, his hands shook. Then he had
recourse again to cognac.

Alice was drumming with her foot on the floor. She sat forward, her arms
crossed upon her lap. Her eyes were still on the fire.

‘Is it anything about Emma, Dick?’ she asked, after a disconcerting

‘Yes, it is.’

‘Hadn’t you better tell me at once? It isn’t at all nice to feel like

‘Well, I’ll tell you. I can’t marry Emma; I’m going to marry someone

Alice was prepared, but the plain words caused her a moment’s

‘Oh, what ever will they all say, Dick?’ she exclaimed in a low voice.

‘That’s bad enough, to be sure, but I think more about Emma herself. I
feel ashamed of myself, and that’s the plain truth. Of course I shall
always give her and her sisters all the money they want to live upon,
but that isn’t altogether a way out. If only I could have hinted
something to her before now. I’ve let it go on so long. I’m going to be
married in a fortnight.’

He could not look Alice in the face, nor she him. His shame made him
angry; he flung the half-smoked cigarette violently into the fire-place,
and began to walk about the room. Alice was speaking, but he did not
heed her, and continued with impatient loudness.

‘Who the devil could imagine what was going to happen? Look here, Alice;
if it hadn’t been for mother, I shouldn’t have engaged myself to Emma. I
shouldn’t have cared much in the old kind of life; she’d have suited me
very well. You can say all the good about her you like, I know it’ll be
true. It’s a cursed shame to treat her in this way, I don’t need
telling that. But it wouldn’t do as things are; why, you can see for
yourself--would it now? And that’s only half the question: I’m going to
marry somebody I do really care for. What’s the good of keeping my word
to Emma, only to be miserable myself and make her the same? It’s the
hardest thing ever happened to a man. Of course I shall be blackguarded
right and left. Do I deserve it now? Can I help it?’

It was not quite consistent with the tone in which he had begun, but it
had the force of a genuine utterance. To this Richard had worked himself
in fretting over his position; he was the real sufferer, though decency
compelled him to pretend it was not so. He had come to think of Emma
almost angrily; she was a clog on him, and all the more irritating
because he knew that his brute strength, if only he might exert it,
could sweep her into nothingness at a blow. The quietness with which
Alice accepted his revelation encouraged him in self-defence. He talked
on for several minutes, walking about and swaying his arms, as if in
this way he could literally shake himself free of moral obligations.
Then, finding his throat dry, he had recourse to cognac, and Alice could
at length speak.

‘You haven’t told me, Dick, who it is you’re going to marry.’

‘A lady called Miss Waltham--Adela Waltham. She lives here in Wanley.’

‘Does she know about Emma?’

The question was simply put, but it seemed to affect Richard very

‘No, of course she doesn’t. What would be the use?’

He threw himself into a chair, crossed his feet, and kept silence.

‘I’m very sorry for Emma,’ murmured his sister.

Richard said nothing.

‘How shall you tell her, Dick?’

‘I can’t tell her!’ he replied, throwing out an arm. ‘How is it likely I
can tell her?’

‘And Jane’s so dreadfully bad,’ continued Alice in the undertone.
‘She’s always saying she cares for nothing but to see Emma married.
What _shall_ we do? And everything seemed so first-rate. Suppose she
summonses you, Dick?’

The noble and dignified legal process whereby maidens right themselves
naturally came into Alice’s thoughts. Her brother scouted the

‘Emma’s not that kind of girl. Besides, I’ve told you I shall always
send her money. She’ll find another husband before long. Lots of men ‘ud
be only too glad to marry her.’

Alice was not satisfied with her brother. The practical aspects of
the rupture she could consider leniently, but the tone he assumed was
jarring to her instincts. Though nothing like a warm friendship existed
between her and Emma, she sympathised, in a way impossible to Richard,
with the sorrows of the abandoned girl. She was conscious of what her
judgment would be if another man had acted thus; and though this was
not so much a matter of consciousness, she felt that Richard might
have spoken in a way more calculated to aid her in taking his side. She
wished, in fact, to see only his advantage, and was very much tempted to
see everything but that.

‘But you can’t keep her in the dark any longer,’ she urged. ‘Why, it’s

‘I can’t tell her,’ he repeated monotonously.

Alice drew in her feet. It symbolised retiring within her defences. She
saw what he was aiming at, and felt not at all disposed to pleasure him.
There was a long silence; Alice was determined not to be the first to
break it.

‘You refuse to help me?’ Richard asked at length, between his teeth.

‘I think it would be every bit as bad for me as for you,’ she replied.

‘That you can’t think,’ he argued. ‘She can’t blame you; you’ve only to
say I’ve behaved like a blackguard, and you’re out of it.’

‘And when do you mean to tell mother?’

‘She’ll have to hear of it from other people. I can’t tell her.’

Richard had a suspicion that he was irretrievably ruining himself in his
sister’s opinion, and it did not improve his temper. It was a foretaste
of the wider obloquy to come upon him, possibly as hard to bear as any
condemnation to which he had exposed himself. He shook himself out of
the chair.

‘Well, that’s all I’ve got to tell you. Perhaps you’d better think over
it. I don’t want to keep you away from home longer than you care to
stay. There’s a train at a few minutes after nine in the morning.’

He shuffled for a few moments about the writing-table, then went from
the room.

Alice was unhappy. The reaction from her previous high spirits, as
soon as it had fully come about, brought her even to tears. She cried
silently, and, to do the girl justice, at least half her sorrow was on
Emma’s account. Presently she rose and began to walk about the room;
she went to the window, and looked out on to the white garden. The sky
beyond the thin boughs was dusking; the wind, which sang so merrily a
few hours ago, had fallen to sobbing.

It was too wretched to remain alone; she resolved to go into the
drawing-room; perhaps her brother was there. As she approached the door
somebody knocked on the outside, then there entered a dark man of spruce
appearance, who drew back a step as soon as he saw her.

‘Pray excuse me,’ he said, with an air of politeness. ‘I supposed I
should find Mr. Mutimer here.’

‘I think he’s in the house,’ Alice replied.

Richard appeared as they were speaking.

‘What is it, Rodman?’ he asked abruptly, passing into the library.

‘I’ll go to the drawing-room,’ Alice said, and left the men together.

In half an hour Richard again joined her. He seemed in a better frame of
mind, for he came in humming. Alice, having glanced at him, averted her
face again and kept silence. She felt a hand smoothing her hair. Her
brother, leaning over the back of her seat, whispered to her,--

‘You’ll help me, Princess?’

She did not answer.

‘You won’t be hard, Alice? It’s a wretched business, and I don’t know
what I shall do if you throw me over. I can’t do without you, old girl.’

‘I can’t tell mother, Dick. You know very well what it’ll be. I daren’t
do that.’

But even that task Alice at last took upon herself, after another
half-hour’s discussion. Alas! she would never again feel towards her
brother as before this necessity fell upon her. Her life had undergone
that impoverishment which is so dangerous to elementary natures, the
loss of an ideal.

‘You’ll let me stay over to-morrow?’ she said. ‘There’s nothing very
pleasant to go back to, and I don’t see that a day ‘ll matter.’

‘You can stay if you wish. I’m going to take you to have tea with Adela
now. If you stay we’ll have her to dinner to-morrow.’

‘I wonder whether we shall get along?’ Alice mused.

‘I don’t see why not. You’ll get lots of things from her, little notions
of all kinds.’

This is always a more or less dangerous form of recommendation, even
in talking to one’s sister. To suggest that Adela would benefit by the
acquaintance would have been a far more politic procedure.

‘What’s wrong with me?’ Alice inquired, still depressed by the scene she
had gone through.

‘Oh, there’s nothing wrong. It’s only that you’ll see differences at
first; from the people you’ve been used to, I mean. But I think you’ll
have to go and get your things on; it’s nearly five.’

In Alice’s rising from her chair there was nothing of the elasticity
that had marked her before luncheon. Before moving away she spoke a
thought that was troubling her.

‘Suppose mother tries to stop it?’

Richard looked to the ground moodily.

‘I meant to tell you,’ he said. ‘You’d better say that I’m already

‘You’re giving me a nice job,’ was the girl’s murmured rejoinder.

‘Well, it’s as good as true. And it doesn’t make the job any worse.’

As is wont to be the case when two persons come to mutual understanding
on a piece of baseness, the tone of brother and sister had suffered
in the course of their dialogue. At first meeting they had both kept a
certain watch upon their lips, feeling that their position demanded it;
a moral limpness was evident in them by this time.

They set forth to walk to the Walthams’. Exercise in the keen air,
together with the sense of novelty in her surroundings, restored Alice’s
good humour before the house was reached. She gazed with astonishment at
the infernal glare over New Wanley. Her brother explained the sight to
her with gusto.

‘It used to be all fields and gardens over there,’ he said. ‘See what
money and energy can do! You shall go over the works in the morning.
Perhaps Adela will go with us, then we can take her back to the Manor.’

‘Why do they call the house that, Dick?’ Alice inquired. ‘Is it because
people who live there are supposed to have good manners?’

‘May be, for anything I know,’ was the capitalist’s reply. ‘Only it’s
spelt different, you know. I say, Alice, you must be careful about your
spelling; there were mistakes in your last letter. Won’t do, you know,
to make mistakes if you write to Adela.’

Alice gave a little shrug of impatience. Immediately after, they stopped
at the threshold sacred to all genteel accomplishments--so Alice would
have phrased it if she could have fully expressed her feeling--and they
speedily entered the sitting-room, where the table was already laid for
tea. Mrs. Waltham and her daughter rose to welcome them.

‘We knew of your arrival,’ said the former, bestowing on Alice a
maternal salute. ‘Not many things happen in Wanley that all the village
doesn’t hear of, do they, Mr. Mutimer? Of course we expected you to

Adela and her future sister-in-law kissed each other. Adela was silent,
but she smiled.

‘You’ll take your things off, my dear?’ Mrs. Waltham continued. ‘Will
you go upstairs with Miss Mutimer, Adela?’

But for Mrs. Waltham’s persistent geniality the hour which followed
would have shown many lapses of conversation. Alice appreciated at once
those ‘differences’ at which her brother had hinted, and her present
frame of mind was not quite consistent with patient humility. Naturally,
she suffered much from self-consciousness; Mrs. Waltham annoyed her by
too frequent observation, Adela by seeming indifference. The delicacy
of the latter was made perhaps a little excessive by strain of feelings.
Alice at once came to the conclusion that Dick’s future wife was
cold and supercilious. She was not predisposed to like Adela. The
circumstances were in a number of ways unfavourable. Even had there not
existed the very natural resentment at the painful task which this young
lady had indirectly imposed upon her, it was not in Alice’s blood and
breeding to take kindly at once to a girl of a class above her own.
Alice had warm affections; as a lady’s maid she might very conceivably
have attached herself with much devotion to an indulgent mistress, but
in the present case too much was asked of her, Richard was proud of his
sister; he saw her at length seated where he had so often imagined her,
and in his eyes she bore herself well. He glanced often at Adela,
hoping for a return glance of congratulation; when it failed to come,
he consoled himself with the reflection that such silent interchange of
sentiments at table would be ill manners. In his very heart he believed
that of the two maidens his sister was the better featured. Adela and
Alice sat over against each other; their contrasted appearances were a
chapter of social history. Mark the difference between Adela’s gently
closed lips, every muscle under control; and Alice’s, which could never
quite close without forming a saucy pout or a self-conscious primness.
Contrast the foreheads; on the one hand that tenderly shadowed curve of
brow, on the other the surface which always seemed to catch too much of
the light, which moved irregularly with the arches above the eyes. The
grave modesty of the one face, the now petulant, now abashed, now vacant
expression of the other. Richard in his heart preferred the type he
had 80 long been familiar with; a state of feeling of course in no way
inconsistent with the emotions excited in him by continual observation
of Adela.

The two returned to the Manor at half-past seven, Alice rising with
evident relief when he gave the signal. It was agreed that the latter
part of the next morning should be spent in going over the works. Adela
was very willing to be of the party.

‘They haven’t much money, have they?’ was Alice’s first question as soon
as she got away from the door.

‘No, they are not rich,’ replied the brother. ‘You got on very nicely,
old girl.’

‘Why shouldn’t I? You talk as if I didn’t know how to behave myself,

‘No, I don’t. I say that you did behave yourself.’

‘Yes, and you were surprised at it.’

‘I wasn’t at all. What do you think of her?’

‘She doesn’t say much.’

‘No, she’s always very quiet. It’s her way.’


The monosyllable meant more than Richard gathered from it. They walked
on in silence, and were met presently by a gentleman who was coming
along the village street at a sharp pace. A lamp discovered Mr. Willis
Rodman. Richard stopped.

‘Seen to that little business?’ he asked, in a cheerful voice.

‘Yes,’ was Rodman’s reply. ‘We shall hear from Agworth in the morning.’

‘All right.--Alice, this is Mr. Rodman.--My sister, Rodman.’

Richard’s right-hand man performed civilities with decidedly more finish
than Richard himself had at command.

‘I am very happy to meet Miss Mutimer. I hope we shall have the pleasure
of showing her New Wanley to-morrow.’

‘She and Miss Waltham will walk down in the morning. Good night, Rodman.
Cold, eh?’

‘Why didn’t you introduce him this afternoon?’ Alice asked as she walked

‘I didn’t think of it--I was bothered.’

‘He seems very gentlemanly.’

‘Oh, Rodman’s seen a deal of life. He’s a useful fellow--gets through
work in a wonderful way.’

‘But _is_ he a gentleman? I mean, was he once?’

Richard laughed.

‘I suppose you mean, had he ever money? No, he’s made himself what he

Tea having supplied the place of the more substantial evening meal,
Richard and his sister had supper about ten o’clock. Alice drank
champagne; a few bottles remained from those dedicated to the recent
festival, and Mutimer felt the necessity of explaining the presence
in his house of a luxury which to his class is more than anything
associated with the bloated aristocracy. Alice drank it for the first
time in her life, and her spirits grew as light as the foam upon her
glass. Brother and sister were quietly confidential as midnight drew

‘Shall you bring her to London?’ Alice inquired, without previous
mention of Adela.

‘For a week, I think. We shall go to an hotel, of course. She’s never
seen London since she was a child.’

‘She won’t come to Highbury?’

‘No. I shall avoid that somehow. You’ll have to come and see us at the
hotel. We’ll go to the theatre together one night.’

‘What about ‘Arry?’

‘I don’t know. I shall think about it.’

Digesting much at his ease, Richard naturally became dreamful.

‘I may have to take a house for a time now and then,’ he said.

‘In London?’

He nodded.

‘I mustn’t forget you, you see, Princess. Of course you’ll come here
sometimes, but that’s not much good. In London I dare say I can get you
to know some of the right kind of people. I want Adela to be thick with
the Westlakes; then your chance’ll come. See, old woman?’

Alice, too, dreamed.

‘I wonder you don’t want me to marry a Socialist working man,’ she said
presently, as if twitting him playfully.

‘You don’t understand. One of the things we aim at is to remove the
distinction between classes. I want you to marry one of those they call
gentlemen. And you shall too, Alice!’

‘Well, but I’m not a working girl now, Dick.’

He laughed, and said it was time to go to bed.

The same evening conversation continued to a late hour between Hubert
Eldon and his mother. Hubert was returning to London the next morning.

Yesterday there had come to him two letters from Wanley, both addressed
in female hand. He knew Adela’s writing from her signature in the
‘Christian Year,’ and hastily opened the letter which came from her. The
sight of the returned sonnets checked the eager flow of his blood; he
was prepared for what he afterwards read.

‘Then let her meet her fate,’--so ran his thoughts when he had perused
the cold note, unassociable with the Adela he imagined in its bald
formality. ‘Only life can teach her.’

The other letter he suspected to be from Letty Tew, as it was.

‘DEAR MR. ELDON,--I cannot help writing a line to you, lest you should
think that I did not keep my promise in the way you understood it. I
did indeed. You will hear from her; she preferred to write herself, and
perhaps it was better; I should only have had painful things to say. I
wish to ask you to have no unkind or unjust thoughts; I scarcely think
you could have. Please do not trouble to answer this, but believe me,
yours sincerely,

‘L. TEW.’

‘Good little girl!’ he said to himself, smiling sadly. ‘I feel sure she
did her best.’

But his pride was asserting itself, always restive under provocation. To
rival with a man like Mutimer! Better that the severance with old days
should be complete.

He talked it all over very frankly with his mother, who felt that her
son’s destiny was not easily foreseen.

‘And what do you propose to do, Hubert?’ she asked, when they spoke of
the future.

‘To study, principally art. In a fortnight I go to Rome.’

Mrs. Eldon had gone thither thirty years ago.

‘Think of me in my chair sometimes,’ she said, touching his hands with
her wan fingers.


Alice reached home again on Christmas Eve. It was snowing; she came in
chilled and looking miserable. Mrs. Mutimer met her in the hall, passed
her, and looked out at the open door, then turned with a few white
flecks on her gown.

‘Where’s Dick?

‘He couldn’t come,’ replied the girl briefly, and ran up to her room.

‘Arry was spending the evening with friends. Since tea-time the old
woman had never ceased moving from room to room, up and down stairs. She
had got out an old pair of Richard’s slippers, and had put them before
the dining-room fire to warm. She had made a bed for Richard, and had
a fire burning in the chamber. She had made arrangements for her
eldest son’s supper. No word had come from Wanley, but she held to the
conviction that this night would see Richard in London.

Alice came down and declared that she was very hungry. Her mother went
to the kitchen to order a meal, which in the end she prepared with her
own hands. She seemed to have a difficulty in addressing any one. Whilst
Alice ate in silence, Mrs. Mutimer kept going in and out of the room;
when the girl rose from the table, she stood before her and asked:

‘Why couldn’t he come?’

Alice went to the fireplace, knelt down, and spread her hands to the
blaze. Her mother approached her again.

‘Won’t you give me no answer, Alice?’

‘He couldn’t come, mother. Something important is keeping him.’

‘Something important? And why did he want you there?’

Alice rose to her feet, made one false beginning, then spoke to the

‘Dick’s married, mother.’

The old woman’s eyes seemed to grow small in her wrinkled face, as if
directing themselves with effort upon something minute. They looked
straight into the eyes of her daughter, but had a more distant focus.
The fixed gaze continued for nearly a minute.

‘What are you talking about, girl?’ she said at length, in a strange,
rattling voice. ‘Why, I’ve seen Emma this very morning. Do you think she
wouldn’t ‘a told me if she’d been a wife?’

Alice was frightened by the look and the voice.

‘Mother, it isn’t Emma at all. It’s someone at Wanley. We can’t help it,
mother. It’s no use taking on. Now sit down and make yourself quiet. It
isn’t our fault.’

Mrs. Mutimer smiled in a grim way, then laughed--a most unmusical laugh.

‘Now what’s the good o’ joking in that kind o’ way? That’s like your
father, that is; he’d often come ‘ome an’ tell me sich things as never
was, an’ expect me to believe ‘em. An’ I used to purtend I did, jist
to please him. But I’m too old for that kind o’ jokin’.--Alice, where’s
Dick? How long’ll it be before he’s here? Where did he leave you?’

‘Now do just sit down, mother; here, in this chair. Just sit quiet for a
little, do.’

Mrs. Mutimer pushed aside the girl’s hand; her face had become grave

‘Let me be, child. And I tell you I have seen Emma to-day. Do you think
she wouldn’t ‘a told me if things o’ that kind was goin’ on?’

‘Emma knows nothing about it, mother. He hasn’t told any one. He got me
to come because he couldn’t tell it himself. It was as much a surprise
to me as to you, and I think it’s very cruel of him. But it’s over, and
we can’t help it. I shall have to tell Emma, I suppose, and a nice thing

The old woman had begun to quiver; her hands shook by her sides, her
very features trembled with gathering indignation.

‘Dick has gone an’ done this?’ she stammered. ‘He’s gone an’ broke his
given word? He’s deceived that girl as trusted to him an’ couldn’t help

‘Now, mother, don’t take on so! You’re going to make yourself ill. It
can’t be helped. He says he shall send Emma money just the same.’

‘Money! There you’ve hit the word; it’s money as ‘as ruined him, and as
‘ll be the ruin of us all. Send her money! What does the man think she’s
made of? Is all his feelings got as hard as money? and does he think the
same of every one else? If I know Emma, she’ll throw his money in his
face. I knew what ‘ud come of it, don’t tell me I didn’t. That very
night as he come ‘ome an’ told me what had ‘appened, there was a cold
shiver run over me. I told him as it was the worst news ever come into
our ‘ouse, and now see if I wasn’t right! He was angry with me ‘cause
I said it, an’ who’s a right to be angry now? It’s my belief as money’s
the curse o’ this world; I never knew a trouble yet as didn’t somehow
come of it, either ‘cause there was too little or else too much. And
Dick’s gone an’ done this? And him with all his preachin’ about rights
and wrongs an’ what not! Him as was always a-cryin’ down the rich folks
‘cause they hadn’t no feelin’ for the poor! What feeling’s _he_ had, I’d
like to know? It’s him as is rich now, an’ where’s the difference ‘tween
him and them as he called names? No feelin’ for the poor! An’ what’s
Emma Vine? Poor enough by now. There’s Jane as can’t have not a week
more to live, an’ she a-nursin’ her night an’ day. He’ll give her
money!--has he got the face to say it? Nay, don’t talk to me, girl; I’ll
say what I think if it’s the last I speak in this world. Don’t let him
come to me! Never a word again shall he have from me as long as I live.
He’s disgraced himself, an’ me his mother, an’ his father in the grave.
A poor girl as couldn’t help herself, as trusted him an’ wouldn’t hear
not a word against him, for all he kep’ away from her in her trouble.
I’d a fear o’ this, but I wouldn’t believe it of Dick; I wouldn’t
believe it of a son o’ mine. An’ ‘Arry ‘ll go the same way. It’s all the
money, an a curse go with all the money as ever was made! An’ you too,
Alice, wi’ your fine dresses, an’ your piannerin’, an’ your faldedals.
But I warn you, my girl. There ‘ll no good come of it. I warn you,
Alice! You’re ashamed o’ your own mother--oh, I’ve seen it! But it’s
a mercy if you’re not a disgrace to her. I’m thankful as I was always
poor; I might ‘a been tempted i’ the same way.’

The dogma of a rude nature full of secret forces found utterance at
length under the scourge of a resentment of very mingled quality. Let
half be put to the various forms of disinterested feeling, at least half
was due to personal exasperation. The whole change that her life had
perforce undergone was an outrage upon the stubbornness of uninstructed
habit; the old woman could see nothing but evil omens in a revolution
which cost her bodily discomfort and the misery of a mind perplexed amid
alien conditions. She was prepared for evil; for months she had brooded
over every sign which seemed to foretell its approach; the egoism of
the unconscious had made it plain to her that the world must suffer in
a state of things which so grievously affected herself. Maternal
solicitude kept her restlessly swaying between apprehension for her
children and injury in the thought of their estrangement from her.
And now at length a bitter shame added itself to her torments. She was
shamed in her pride as a mother, shamed before the girl for whom she
nourished a deep affection. Emma’s injuries she felt charged upon
herself; she would never dare to stand before her again. Her moral code,
as much a part of her as the sap of the plant and as little the result
of conscious absorption, declared itself on the side of all these
rushing impulses; she was borne blindly on an exhaustless flux of words.
After vain attempts to make herself heard, Alice turned away and sat
sullenly waiting for the outburst to spend itself. Herself comparatively
unaffected by the feelings strongest in her mother, this ear-afflicting
clamour altogether checked her sympathy, and in a great measure overcame
those personal reasons which had made her annoyed with Richard. She
found herself taking his side, even knew something of his impatience
with Emma and her sorrows. When it came to rebukes and charges against
herself her impatience grew active. She stood up again and endeavoured
to make herself heard.

‘What’s the good of going on like this, mother? Just because you’re
angry, that’s no reason you should call us all the names you can turn
your tongue to. It’s over and done with, and there’s an end of it. I
don’t know what you mean about disgracing you; I think you might wait
till the time comes. I don’t see what I’ve done as you can complain of.’

‘No, of course you don’t,’ pursued her mother bitterly. ‘It’s the money
as prevents you from seeing it. Them as was good enough for you before
you haven’t a word to say to now; a man as works honestly for his living
you make no account of. Well, well, you must go your own way--’

‘What is it you want, mother? You don’t expect me to look no higher than
when I hadn’t a penny but what I worked for? I’ve no patience with you.
You ought to be glad--’

‘You haven’t no patience, of course you haven’t. And I’m to be glad when
a son of mine does things as he deserves to be sent to prison for! I
don’t understand that kind o’ gladness. But mind what I say; do what you
like with your money, I’ll have no more part in it. If I had as much as
ten shillings a week of my own, I’d go and live by myself, and leave you
to take your own way. But I tell you what I _can_ do, and what I will.
I’ll have no more servants a-waitin’ on _me_; I wasn’t never used to it,
and I’m too old to begin. I go to my own bedroom upstairs, and there I
live, and there ‘ll be nobody go into that room but myself. I’ll get my
bits o’ meals from the kitchen. ‘Tain’t much as I want, thank goodness,
an’ it won’t be missed. I’ll have no more doin’s with servants,
understand that; an’ if I can’t be left alone i’ my own room, I’ll go
an’ find a room where I can, an’ I’ll find some way of earnin’ what
little I want. It’s your own house, and you’ll do what you like in it.
There’s the keys, I’ve done with ‘em; an’ here’s the money too, I’m glad
to be rid of it. An’ you’ll just tell Dick. I ain’t one as says what I
don’t mean, nor never was, as that you know. You take your way, an’ I’ll
take mine. An’ now may be I’ll get a night’s sleep, the first I’ve had
under this roof.’

As she spoke she took from her pockets the house keys, and from her
purse the money she used for current expenses, and threw all together on
to the table. Alice had turned to the fireplace, and she stood so for a
long time after her mother had left the room. Then she took the keys and
the money, consulted her watch, and in a few minutes was walking from
the house to a neighbouring cab-stand.

She drove to Wilton Square. Inspecting the front of the house before
knocking at the door, she saw a light in the kitchen and a dimmer gleam
at an upper window. It was Mrs. Clay who opened to her.

‘Is Emma in?’ Alice inquired as she shook hands rather coldly.

‘She’s sitting with Jane. I’ll tell her. There’s no fire except in the
kitchen,’ Kate added, in a tone which implied that doubtless her visitor
was above taking a seat downstairs.

‘I’ll go down,’ Alice replied, with just a touch of condescension. ‘I
want to speak a word or two with Emma, that’s all.’

Kate left her to descend the stairs, and went to inform her sister. Emma
was not long in appearing; the hue of her face was troubled, for she had
deceived herself with the belief that it was Richard who knocked at the
door. What more natural than for him to have come on Christmas Eve?
She approached Alice with a wistful look, not venturing to utter any
question, only hoping that some good news might have been brought her.
Long watching in the sick room had given her own complexion the tint of
ill-health; her eyelids were swollen and heavy; the brown hair upon
her temples seemed to droop in languor. You would have noticed that her
tread was very soft, as if she still were moving in the room above.

‘How’s Jane?’ Alice began by asking. She could not quite look the other
in the face, and did not know how to begin her disclosure.

‘No better,’ Emma gave answer, shaking her head. Her voice, too, was
suppressed; it was weeks since she had spoken otherwise.

‘I am so sorry, Emma. Are you in a hurry to go up again?’

‘No. Kate will sit there a little.’

‘You look very poorly yourself. It must be very trying for you.’

‘I don’t feel it,’ Emma said, with a pale smile. ‘She gives no trouble.
It’s only her weakness now; the pain has almost gone.’

‘But then she must be getting better.’

Emma shook her head, looking aside. As Alice kept silence, she

‘I was glad to hear you’d gone to see Richard. He wouldn’t--I was afraid
he mightn’t have time to get here for Christmas.’

There was a question in the words, a timorously expectant question.
Emma had learnt the sad lesson of hope deferred, always to meet
discouragement halfway. It is thus one seeks to propitiate the evil
powers, to turn the edge of their blows by meekness.

‘No, he couldn’t come,’ said Alice.

She had a muff on her left hand, and was turning it round and round with
the other. Emma had not asked her to sit down, merely because of the
inward agitation which absorbed her.

‘He’s quite well?’

‘Oh yes, quite well.’

Again Alice paused. Emma’s heart was beating painfully. She knew now
that Richard’s sister had not come on an ordinary visit; she felt that
the call to Wanley had had some special significance. Alice did not
ordinarily behave in this hesitating way.

‘Did--did he send me a message?’


But even now Alice could not speak. She found a way of leading up to the

‘Oh, mother has been going on so, Emma! What do you think? She won’t
have anything to do with the house any longer. She’s given me the keys
and all the money she had, and she’s going to live just in her bedroom.
She says she’ll get her food from the kitchen herself, and she won’t
have a thing done for her by any one. I’m sure she means it; I never saw
her in such a state. She says if she’d ever so little money of her own,
she’d leave the house altogether. She’s been telling me I’ve no feeling,
and that I’m going to the bad, that I shall live to disgrace her, and I
can’t tell you what. Everything is so miserable! She says it’s all the
money, and that she knew from the first how it would be. And I’m afraid
some of what she says is true, I am indeed, Emma. But things happen in a
way you could never think. I half wish myself the money had never come.
It’s making us all miserable.’

Emma listened, expecting from phrase to phrase some word which would be
to her a terrible enlightenment But Alice had ceased, and the word still

‘You say he sent me a message?’

She did not ask directly the cause of Mrs. Mutimer’s anger. Instinct
told her that to hear the message would explain all else.

‘Emma, I’m afraid to tell you. You’ll blame _me_, like mother did.’

‘I shan’t blame you, Alice. Will you please tell me the message?’

Emma’s lips seemed to speak without her volition. The rest o her face
was fixed and cold.

‘He’s married, Emma.’

‘He asked you to tell me?’

Alice was surprised at the self-restraint proved by so quiet an

‘Yes, he did. Emma, I’m so, so sorry! If only you’ll believe I’m sorry,
Emma! He _made_ me come and tell you. He said if I didn’t you’d have to
find out by chance, because he couldn’t for shame tell you himself. And
he couldn’t tell mother neither. I’ve had it all to do. If you knew what
I’ve gone through with mother! It’s very hard that other people should
suffer so much just on his account. I am really sorry for you, Emma.’

‘Who is it he’s married?’ Emma asked. Probably all the last speech had
been but a vague murmur to her ears.

‘Some one at Wanley.’

‘A lady?’

‘Yes, I suppose she’s a lady.’

‘You didn’t see her, then?’

‘Yes, I saw her. I don’t like her.’

Poor Alice meant this to be soothing. Emma knew it, and smiled.

‘I don’t think she cares much after all,’ Alice said to herself.

‘But was that the message?’

‘Only to tell you of it, Emma. There was something else,’ she added
immediately; ‘not exactly a message, but he told me, and I dare say he
thought I should let you know. He said that of course you were to have
the money still as usual.’

Over the listener’s face came a cloud, a deep, turbid red. It was not
anger, but shame which rose from the depths of her being. Her head sank;
she turned and walked aside.

‘You’re not angry with _me_, Emma?’

‘Not angry at all, Alice,’ was the reply in a monotone.

‘I must say good-bye now. I hope you won t take on much. And I hope Jane
‘ll soon be better.’

‘Thank you. I must go up to her; she doesn’t like me to be away long.’

Alice went before up the kitchen stairs, the dark, narrow stairs which
now seemed to her so poverty-stricken. Emma did not speak, but pressed
her hand at the door.

Kate stood above her on the first landing, and, as Emma came up,

‘Has he come?’

‘Something has hindered him.’ And Emma added, ‘He couldn’t help it.’

‘Well, then, I think he ought to have helped it,’ said the other tartly.
‘When does he mean to come, I’d like to know?’

‘It’s uncertain.’

Emma passed into the sick-room. Her sister followed her with eyes of
ill-content, then returned to the kitchen.

Jane lay against pillows. Red light from the fire played over her face,
which was wasted beyond recognition. She looked a handmaiden of Death.

The atmosphere of the room was warm and sickly. A small green-shaded
lamp stood by the looking-glass in front of the window; it cast a disk
of light below, and on the ceiling concentric rings of light and shade,
which flickered ceaselessly, and were at times all but obliterated in a
gleam from the fireplace. A kettle sang on the trivet.

The sick girl’s hands lay on the counterpane; one of them moved as Emma
came to the bedside, and rested when the warmer fingers clasped it.
There was eager inquiry in the sunken eyes; her hand tried to raise
itself, but in vain.

‘What did Alice say?’ she asked, in quick feeble tones. ‘Is he coming?’

‘Not for Christmas, I’m afraid, dear. He’s still very busy.’

‘But he sent you a message?’

‘Yes. He would have come if he could.’

‘Did you tell Alice I wanted to see her? Why didn’t she come up? Why did
she stay such a short time?’

‘She couldn’t stay to-night, Jane. Are you easy still, love?’

‘Oh, I did so want to see her. Why couldn’t she stop, Emma? It wasn’t
kind of her to go without seeing me. I’d have made time if it had been
her as was lying in bed. And he doesn’t even answer what I wrote to him.
It was such work to write--I couldn’t now; and he might have answered.’

‘He very seldom writes to any one, you know, Jane. He has so little

‘Little time! I have less, Emma, and he must know that. It’s unkind of
him. What did Alice tell you? Why did he want her to go there? Tell me

Emma felt the sunken eyes burning her with their eager look. She
hesitated, pretended to think of something that had to be done, and the
eyes burned more and more. Jane made repeated efforts to raise herself,
as if to get a fuller view of her sister’s face.

‘Shall I move you?’ Emma asked. ‘Would you like another pillow?’

‘No, no,’ was the impatient answer. ‘Don’t go away from me; don’t take
your hand away. I want to know all that Alice said. You haven’t any
secrets from me, Emmy. Why _does_ he stay away so long? It seems years
since he came to see you. It’s wrong of him. There’s no business ought
to keep him away all this time. Look at me, and tell me what she said.’

‘Only that he hadn’t time. Dear, you mustn’t excite yourself so. Isn’t
it all right, Jane, as long as I don’t mind it?’

‘Why do you look away from me? No, it isn’t all right. Oh, I can’t rest,
I can’t lie here! Why haven’t I strength to go and say to him what I
want to say? I thought it was him when the knock came. When Kate told
me it wasn’t, I felt as if my heart was sinking down; and I don’t seem
to have no tears left to cry. It ‘ud ease me a little if I could. And
now _you’re_ beginning to have secrets. Emmy!’

It was a cry of anguish. The mention of tears had brought them to Emma’s
eyes, for they lurked very near the surface, and Jane had seen the
firelight touch on a moist cheek. For an instant she raised herself
from the pillows. Emma folded soft arms about her and pressed her cheek
against the heat which consumed her sister’s.

‘Emmy, I must know,’ wailed the sick girl. ‘Is it what I’ve been afraid
of? No, not that! Is it the worst of all? You must tell me now. You
don’t love me if you keep away the truth. I can’t have anything between
you and me.’

A dry sob choked her; she gasped for breath. Emma, fearful lest the very
life was escaping from her embrace, drew away and looked in anguish.
Her involuntary tears had ceased, but she could no longer practise
deception. The cost to Jane was greater perhaps than if she knew the
truth. At least their souls must be united ere it was too late.

‘The truth, Emmy!’

‘I will tell it you, darling,’ she replied, with quiet sadness. ‘It’s
for him that I’m sorry. I never thought anything could tempt him to
break his word. Think of it in the same way as I do, dear-sister; don’t
be sorry for me, but for him.’

‘He’s never coming? He won’t marry you?’

‘He’s already married, Jane. Alice came to tell me.’

Again she would have raised herself, but this time there was no
strength. Not even her arms could she lift from the coverlets. But Emma
saw the vain effort, raised the thin arms, put them about her neck, and
held her sister to her heart as if for eternity.

‘Darling, darling, it isn’t hard to bear. I care for nothing but your
love. Live for my sake, dearest dear; I have forgotten every one and
everything but you. It’s so much better. I couldn’t have changed my
life so; I was never meant to be rich. It seems unkind of him, but in a
little time we shall see it was best. Only you, Janey; you have my
whole heart, and I’m so glad to feel it is so. Live, and I’ll give every
minute of my life to loving you, poor sufferer.’

Jane could not breathe sound into the words she would have spoken. She
lay with her eyes watching the fire-play on the ceiling. Her respiration
was quick and feeble.

Mutimer’s name was not mentioned by either again that night, by one of
them never again. Such silence was his punishment.

Kate entered the room a little before midnight. She saw one of Jane’s
hands raised to impose silence. Emma, still sitting by the bedside,
slept; her head rested on the pillows. The sick had become the watcher.

‘She’d better go to bed,’ Kate whispered. ‘I’ll wake her.’

‘No, no You needn’t stay, Kate. I don’t want anything. Let her sleep as
she is.’

The elder sister left the room. Then Jane approached her head to that of
the sleeper, softly, softly, and her arm stole across Emma’s bosom and
rested on her farther shoulder. The fire burned with little whispering
tongues of flame; the circles of light and shade quivered above the
lamp. Abroad the snow fell and froze upon the ground.

Three days later Alice Mutimer, as she sat at breakfast, was told that
a visitor named Mrs. Clay desired to see her. It was nearly ten o’clock;
Alice had no passion for early rising, and since her mother’s retirement
from the common table she breakfasted alone at any hour which seemed
good to her. ‘Arry always--or nearly always--left the house at eight

Mrs. Clay was introduced into the dining-room. Alice received her with
an anxious face, for she was anticipating trouble from the house in
Wilton Square. But the trouble was other than she had in mind.

‘Jane died at four o’clock this morning,’ the visitor began, without
agitation, in the quick, unsympathetic voice which she always used when
her equanimity was in any way disturbed. ‘Emma hasn’t closed her eyes
for two days and nights, and now I shouldn’t wonder if she’s going to be
ill herself. I made her lie down, and then came out just to ask you to
write to your brother. Surely he’ll come now. I don’t know what to do
about the burying; we ought to have some one to help us. I expected your
mother would be coming to see us, but she’s kept away all at once. Will
you write to Dick?’

Alice was concerned to perceive that Kate was still unenlightened.

‘Did Emma know you were coming?’ she asked.

‘Yes, I suppose she did. But it’s hard to get her to attend to anything.
I’ve left her alone, ‘cause there wasn’t any one I could fetch at once.
Will you write to-day?’

‘Yes, I’ll see to it,’ said Alice. ‘Have some breakfast, will you?’

‘Well, I don’t mind just a cup o’ coffee. It’s very cold, and I had to
walk a long way before I could get a ‘bus.’

Whilst Kate refreshed herself, Alice played nervously with her
tea-spoon, trying to make up her mind what must be done. The situation
was complicated with many miseries, but Alice had experienced a growth
of independence since her return from Wanley. All she had seen and heard
whilst with her brother had an effect upon her in the afterthought, and
her mother’s abrupt surrender into her hands of the household control
gave her, when she had time to realise it, a sense of increased
importance not at all disagreeable. Already she had hired a capable
servant in addition to the scrubby maid-of-all-work who had sufficed
for Mrs. Mutimer, and it was her intention that henceforth domestic
arrangements should be established on quite another basis.

‘I’ll telegraph to Dick,’ she said, presently. ‘I’ve no doubt he’ll see
that everything’s done properly.’

‘But won’t he come himself?’

‘We shall see.’

‘Is your mother in?’

‘She’s not very well; I don’t think I must disturb her with bad news.
Tell Emma I’m very sorry, will you? I do hope she isn’t going to be ill.
You must see that she gets rest now. Was it sudden?’ she added, showing
in her face how little disposed she was to dwell on such gloomy subjects
as death and burial.

‘She was wandering all yesterday. I don’t think she knew anything after
eight o’clock last night. She went off in a sleep.’

When the visitor had gone, Alice drove to the nearest telegraph office
and despatched a message to her brother, giving the news and asking
what should be done. By three o’clock in the afternoon no reply had yet
arrived; but shortly after Mr. Keene presented himself at the house.
Alice had not seen him since her return. He bowed to her with extreme
gravity, and spoke in a subdued voice.

‘I grieve that I have lost time, Miss Mutimer. Important business had
taken me from home, and on my return I found a telegram from Wanley.
Your brother directs me to wait upon you at once, on a very sad subject,
I fear. He instructs me to purchase a grave in Manor Park Cemetery. No
near relative, I trust?’

‘No, only a friend,’ Alice replied. ‘You’ve heard me speak of a girl
called Emma Vine. It’s a sister of hers. She died this morning, and they
want help about the funeral.’

‘Precisely, precisely. You know with what zeal I hasten to perform
your’--a slight emphasis on this word--‘brother’s pleasure, be the
business what it may. I’ll see about it at once. I was to say to you
that your brother would be in town this evening.’

‘Oh, very well. But you needn’t look so gloomy, you know, Mr. Keene.
I’m very sorry, but then she’s been ill for a very long time, and it’s
really almost a relief--to her sisters, I mean.’

‘I trust you enjoyed your visit to Wanley, Miss Mutimer?’ said Keene,
still preserving his very respectful tone and bearing.

‘Oh yes, thanks. I dare say I shall go there again before very long. No
doubt you’ll be glad to hear that.’

‘I will try to be, Miss Mutimer. I trust that your pleasure is my first
consideration in life.’

Alice was, to speak vulgarly, practising on Mr. Keene. He was her
first visitor since she had entered upon rule, and she had a double
satisfaction in subduing him with airs and graces. She did not trouble
to reflect that under the circumstances he might think her rather
heartless, and indeed hypocrisy was not one of her failings. Her
_naivete_ constituted such charm as she possessed; in the absence of any
deep qualities it might be deemed a virtue, for it was inconsistent with
serious deception.

‘I suppose you mean you’d really much rather I stayed here?’

Keene eyed her with observation. He himself had slight depth for a man
doomed to live by his wits, and he was under the disadvantage of really
feeling something of what he said. He was not a rascal by predilection;
merely driven that way by the forces which in our social state
abundantly make for rascality.

‘Miss Mutimer,’ he replied, with a stage sigh, ‘why do you tempt
my weakness? I am on my honour; I am endeavouring to earn your good
opinion. Spare me!’

‘Oh, I’m sure there’s no harm in you, Mr. Keene. I suppose you’d better
go and see after your--your business.’

‘You are right. I go at once, Princess. I may call you Princess?’

‘Well, I don’t know about that. Of course only when there’s no one else
in the room.’

‘But I shall think it always.’

‘That I can’t prevent, you know.’

‘Ah, I fear you mean nothing, Miss Mutimer.’

‘Nothing at all.’

He took his leave, and Alice enjoyed reflecting upon the dialogue, which
certainly had meant nothing for her in any graver sense.

‘Now, that’s what the books call _flirtation_,’ she said to herself. ‘I
think I can do that.’

And on the whole she could, vastly better than might have been expected
of her birth and breeding.

At six o’clock a note was delivered for her. Richard wrote from an hotel
in the neighbourhood, asking her to come to him. She found him in a
private sitting-room, taking a meal.

‘Why didn’t you come to the house?’ she asked. ‘You knew mother never
comes down-stairs.’

Richard looked at her with lowered brows.

‘You mean to say she’s doing that in earnest?’

‘That she is She comes down early in the morning and gets all the food
she wants for the day. I heard her cooking something in a frying-pan
to-day. She hasn’t been out of the house yet.’

‘Does she know about Jane?’

‘No. I know what it would be if I went and told her.’

He ate in silence. Alice waited.

‘You must go and see Emma,’ was his next remark. ‘Tell her there’s a
grave in Manor Park Cemetery; her father and mother were buried there,
you know. Keene ‘ll look after it all and he’ll come and tell you what
to do.’

‘Why did you come up?’

‘Oh, I couldn’t talk about these things in letters. You’ll have to tell
mother; she might want to go to the funeral.’

‘I don’t see why I should do all your disagreeable work, Dick!’

‘Very well, don’t do it,’ he replied sullenly, throwing down his knife
and fork.

A scene of wrangling followed, without violence, but of the kind
which is at once a cause and an effect of demoralisation. The old
disagreements between them had been in another tone, at all events on
Richard’s side, for they had arisen from his earnest disapproval of
frivolities and the like. Richard could no longer speak in that way. To
lose the power of honest reproof in consequence of a moral lapse is to
any man a wide-reaching calamity; to a man of Mutimer’s calibre it meant
disaster of which the end could not be foreseen.

Of course Alice yielded; her affection and Richard’s superior force
always made it a foregone result that she should do so.

‘And you won’t come and see mother?’ she asked.

‘No. She’s behaving foolishly.’

‘It’s precious dull at home, I can tell you. I can’t go on much longer
without friends of some kind. I’ve a good mind to marry Mr. Keene, just
for a change.’

Richard started up, with his fist on the table.

‘Do you mean to say he’s been talking to you in that way?’ he cried

Alice had spoken with thoughtless petulance. She hastened eagerly to
correct her error.

‘As if I meant it! Don’t be stupid, Dick. Of course he hasn’t said a
word; I believe he’s engaged to somebody; I thought so from something he
said a little while ago. The idea of me marrying a man like that!’

He examined her closely, and Alice was not afraid of telltale cheeks.

‘Well, I can’t think you’d be such a fool. If I thought there was any
danger of that, I’d soon stop it.’

‘Would you, indeed! Why, that would be just the way to make me say I’d
have him. You’d have known that if only you read novels.’

‘Novels!’ he exclaimed, with profound contempt. ‘Don’t go playing with
that kind of thing; it’s dangerous. At least you can wait a week or two
longer. I’ve only let him see so much of you because I felt sure you’d
got common sense.’

‘Of course I have. But what’s to happen in a week or two?’

‘I should think you might come to Wanley for a little. We shall see. If
mother had only ‘Arry in the house, she might come back to her senses.’

‘Shall I tell her you’ve been to London?’

‘You can if you like,’ he replied, with a show of indifference.

Jane Vine was buried on Sunday afternoon, her sisters alone accompanying
her to the grave. Alice had with difficulty obtained admission to
her mother’s room, and it seemed to her that the news she brought
was received with little emotion. The old woman had an air of dogged
weariness; she did not look her daughter in the face, and spoke only in
monosyllables. Her face was yellow, her cheeks like wrinkled parchment.

Manor Park Cemetery lies in the remote East End, and gives
sleeping-places to the inhabitants of a vast district. There Jane’s
parents lay, not in a grave to themselves, but buried amidst the
nameless dead, in that part of the ground reserved for those who can
purchase no more than a portion in the foss which is filled when its
occupants reach statutable distance from the surface. The regions around
were then being built upon for the first time; the familiar streets of
pale, damp brick were stretching here and there, continuing London,
much like the spreading of a disease. Epping Forest is near at hand, and
nearer the dreary expanse of Wanstead Flats.

Not grief, but chill desolation makes this cemetery its abode. A country
churchyard touches the tenderest memories, and softens the heart with
longing for the eternal rest. The cemeteries of wealthy London abound in
dear and great associations, or at worst preach homilies which connect
themselves with human dignity and pride. Here on the waste limits of
that dread East, to wander among tombs is to go hand in hand with the
stark and eyeless emblem of mortality; the spirit falls beneath the cold
burden of ignoble destiny. Here lie those who were born for toll;
who, when toil has worn them to the uttermost, have but to yield their
useless breath and pass into oblivion. For them is no day, only the
brief twilight of a winter sky between the former and the latter night
For them no aspiration; for them no hope of memory in the dust; their
very children are wearied into forgetfulness. Indistinguishable units
in the vast throng that labours but to support life, the name of each,
father, mother, child, is as a dumb cry for the warmth and love of which
Fate so stinted them. The wind wails above their narrow tenements; the
sandy soil, soaking in the rain as soon as it has fallen, is a symbol
of the great world which absorbs their toil and straightway blots their

It being Sunday afternoon the number of funerals was considerable;
even to bury their dead the toilers cannot lose a day of the wage
week. Around the chapel was a great collection of black vehicles with
sham-tailed mortuary horses; several of the families present must have
left themselves bare in order to clothe a coffin in the way they deemed
seemly. Emma and her sister had made their own funeral garments, and the
former, in consenting for the sake of poor Jane to receive the aid which
Mutimer offered, had insisted through Alice that there should be no
expenditure beyond the strictly needful. The carriage which conveyed her
and Kate alone followed the hearse from Hoxton; it rattled along at a
merry pace, for the way was lengthy, and a bitter wind urged men and
horses to speed. The occupants of the box kept up a jesting colloquy.

Impossible to read the burial service over each of the dead separately;
time would not allow it. Emma and Kate found themselves crowded among
a number of sobbing women, just in time to seat themselves before the
service began. Neither of them had moist eyes; the elder looked about
the chapel with blank gaze, often shivering with cold; Emma’s face was
bent downwards, deadly pale, set in unchanging woe. A world had fallen
to pieces about her; she did not feel the ground upon which she trod;
there seemed no way from amid the ruins. She had no strong religious
faith; a wail in the darkness was all the expression her heart could
attain to; in the present anguish she could not turn her thoughts to
that far vision of a life hereafter. All day she had striven to realise
that a box of wood contained all that was left of her sister. The
voice of the clergyman struck her ear with meaningless monotony. Not
immortality did she ask for, but one more whisper from the lips that
could not speak, one throb of the heart she had striven so despairingly
to warm against her own.

Kate was plucking at her arm, for the service was over, and
unconsciously she was impeding people who wished to pass from the seats.
With difficulty she rose and walked; the cold seemed to have checked
the flow of her blood; she noticed the breath rising from her mouth,
and wondered that she could have so much whilst those dear lips were
breathless. Then she was being led over hard snow, towards a place where
men stood, where there was new-turned earth, where a coffin lay upon the
ground. She suffered the sound of more words which she could not follow,
then heard the dull falling of clods upon hollow wood. A hand seemed to
clutch her throat, she struggled convulsively and cried aloud. But the
tears would not come.

No memory of the return home dwelt afterwards in her mind. The white
earth, the headstones sprinkled with snow, the vast grey sky over
which darkness was already creeping, the wind and the clergyman’s voice
joining in woful chant, these alone remained with her to mark the day.
Between it and the days which then commenced lay formless void.

On Tuesday morning Alice Mutimer came to the house. Mrs. Clay chanced
to be from home; Emma received the visitor and led her down into the

‘I am glad you have come,’ she said; ‘I wanted to see you to-day.’

‘Are you feeling better?’ Alice asked. She tried in vain to speak
with the friendliness of past days; that could never be restored. Her
advantages of person and dress were no help against the embarrassment
caused in her by the simple dignity of the wronged and sorrowing girl.

Emma replied that she was better, then asked:

‘Have you come only to see me; or for something else?’

‘I wanted to know how you were; but I’ve brought you something as well’

She took an envelope from within her muff. Emma shook her head.

‘No, nothing more,’ she said, in a tone removed alike from resentment
and from pathos; ‘I want you, please, to say that we can t take anything
after this.’

‘But what are you going to do, Emma?’

‘To leave this house and live as we did before.’

‘Oh, but you can’t do that What does Kate say?’

‘I haven’t told her yet; I’m going to do so to-day.’

‘But she’ll feel it very hard with the children.’

The children were sitting together in a corner of the kitchen. Emma
glanced at them, and saw that Bertie, the elder, was listening with a
surprised look.

‘Yes, I’m sorry,’ she replied simply, ‘but we have no choice.’

Alice had an impulse of generosity.

‘Then take it from _me_,’ she said. ‘You won’t mind that. You know I
have plenty of my own. Live here and let one or two of the rooms, and
I’ll lend you what you need till the business is doing well. Now you
can’t have anything to say against that?’

Emma still shook her head.

‘The business will never help us. We must go back to the old work; we
can always live on that. I can’t take anything from you, Alice.’

‘Well, I think it’s very unkind, Emma.’

‘Perhaps so, but I can’t help it: It’s kind of you to offer, I feel
that; but I’d rather work my fingers to the bone than touch one
halfpenny now that I haven’t earned.’

Alice bridled slightly and urged no more. She left before Kate returned.

In the course of the morning Emma strung herself to the effort of
letting her sister know the true state of affairs. It was only what Kate
had for a long time suspected, and she freely said as much, expressing
her sentiments with fluent indignation.

‘Of course I know you won’t hear of it,’ she said, ‘but if I was in your
place I’d make him smart. I’d have him up and make him pay, see if I
wouldn’t. Trust him, he knows you’re too soft-hearted, and he takes
advantage of you. It’s girls like you as encourages men to think they
can do as they like. You’ve no right, you haven’t, to let him off. I’d
have him in the newspapers and show him up, see if I wouldn’t. And he
shan’t have it quite so easy as he thinks neither; I’ll go about and
tell everybody as I know. Only let him come a-lecturin’ hereabouts,
that’s all!’

‘Kate,’ broke in the other, ‘if you do anything of the kind, I don’t
know how I shall speak to you again. Its not you he’s harmed; you’ve no
right to spread talk about me It’s my affair, and I must do as I think
fit. It’s all over and there’s no occasion for neither you nor me to
speak of him again I’m going out this afternoon to find a room for us,
and we shall be no worse off than we was before. We’ve got to work,
that’s all, and to earn our living like other women do.’

Her sister stared incredulously.

‘You mean to say he’s stopped sending money?’

‘I have refused to take it.’

‘You’ve done _what_? Well, of all the--!’ Comparisons failed her. ‘And
I’ve got to take these children back again into a hole like the last?
Not me! You do as you like; I suppose you know your own business. But if
he doesn’t send the money as usual, I’ll find some way to make him, see
if I don’t! You’re off your head, I think.’

Emma had anticipated this, and was prepared to bear the brunt of her
sister’s anger. Kate was not originally blessed with much sweetness of
disposition, and an unhappy marriage had made her into a sour, nagging
woman. But, in spite of her wretched temper and the low moral tone
induced during her years of matrimony, she was not evil-natured, and her
chief safeguard was affection for her sister Emma. This seldom declared
itself, for she was of those unhappily constituted people who find
nothing so hard as to betray the tenderness of which they are capable,
and, as often as not, are driven by a miserable perversity to words and
actions which seem quite inconsistent with such feeling. For Jane she
had cared far less than for Emma, yet her grief at Jane’s death was more
than could be gathered from her demeanour. It had, in fact, resulted in
a state of nervous irritableness; an outbreak of anger came to her as a
relief, such as Emma had recently found in the shedding of tears. On her
own account she felt strongly, but yet more on Emma’s; coarse methods of
revenge naturally suggested themselves to her, and to be thwarted drove
her to exasperation. When Emma persisted in steady opposition, exerting
all the force of her character to subdue her sister’s ignoble purposes,
Kate worked herself to frenzy. For more than an hour her voice was
audible in the street, as she poured forth torrents of furious reproach
and menace; all the time Emma stood patient and undaunted, her own anger
often making terrible struggle for mastery, but ever finding itself
subdued. For she, too, was of a passionate nature, but the treasures of
sensibility which her heart enclosed consecrated all her being to
noble ends. One invaluable aid she had in a contest such as this--her
inability to grow sullen. Righteous anger might gleam in her eyes and
quiver upon her lips, but the fire always burnt clear; it is smoulder
that poisons the air.

She knew her sister, pitied her, always made for her the gentlest
allowances. It would have been easy to stand aside, to disclaim
responsibility, and let Kate do as she chose, but the easy course was
never the one she chose when endurance promised better results. To
resist to the uttermost, even to claim and exert the authority she
derived from her suffering, was, she knew, the truest kindness to her
sister. And in the end she prevailed. Kate tore her passion to tatters,
then succumbed to exhaustion. But she did not fling out of the room, and
this Emma knew to be a hopeful sign. The opportunity of strong, placid
speech at length presented itself, and Emma used it well. She did not
succeed in eliciting a promise, but when she declared her confidence
in her sister’s better self, Kate made no retort, only sat in stubborn

In the afternoon Emma went forth to fulfil her intention of finding
lodgings. She avoided the neighbourhood in which she had formerly lived,
and after long search discovered what she wanted in a woful byway near
Old Street. It was one room only, but larger than she had hoped to come
upon; fortunately her own furniture had been preserved, and would now

Kate remained sullen, but proved by her actions that she had
surrendered; she began to pack her possessions. Emma wrote to Alice,
announcing that the house was tenantless; she took the note to Highbury
herself, and left it at the door, together with the house key. The
removal was effected after nightfall.


Movements which appeal to the reason and virtue of humanity, and are
consequently doomed to remain long in the speculative stage, prove their
vitality by enduring the tests of schism. A Socialistic propaganda in
times such as our own, an insistence upon the principles of Christianity
in a modern Christian state, the advocacy of peace and good-will in
an age when falsehood is the foundation of the social structure, and
internecine warfare is presupposed in every compact between man and man,
might anticipate that the test would come soon, and be of a stringent
nature. Accordingly it did not surprise Mr. Westlake when he discerned
the beginnings of commotion in the Union of which he represented the
cultured and leading elements. A comrade named Roodhouse had of late
been coming into prominence by addressing himself in fiery eloquence
to open-air meetings, and at length had taken upon himself to more than
hint that the movement was at a standstill owing to the lukewarmness (in
guise of practical moderation) of those to whom its guidance had been
entrusted. The reports of Comrade Roodhouse’s lectures were of a nature
that made it difficult for Mr. Westlake to print them in the ‘Fiery
Cross;’ one such report arrived at length, that of a meeting held on
Clerkenwell Green on the first Sunday of the new year, to which the
editor refused admission. The comrade who made it his business to
pen notes of the new apostle’s glowing words, had represented him as
referring to the recognised leader in such very uncompromising terms,
that to publish the report in the official columns would have been
stultifying. In the lecture in question Roodhouse declared his adherence
to the principles of assassination; he pronounced them the sole working
principles; to deny to Socialists the right of assassination was to rob
them of the very sinews of war. Men who affected to be revolutionists,
but were in reality nothing more than rose-water romancers, would of
course object to anything which looked like business; they liked to
sit in their comfortable studies and pen daintily worded articles, thus
earning for themselves a humanitarian reputation at a very cheap rate.
That would not do; _à bas_ all such penny-a-liner pretence! Blood
and iron! that must be the revolutionists’ watchword. Was it not by
blood and iron that the present damnable system was maintained? To
arms, then secretly, of course. Let tyrants be made to tremble upon their
thrones in more countries than Russia. Let capitalists fear to walk in
the daylight. This only was the path of progress.

It was thought by the judicious that Comrade Roodhouse would, if
he repeated this oration, find himself the subject of a rather ugly
indictment. For the present, however, his words were ignored, save in
the Socialist body. To them, of course, he had addressed himself, and
doubtless he was willing to run a little risk for the sake of a most
practical end, that of splitting the party, and thus establishing a
sovereignty for himself; this done, he could in future be more guarded.
His reporter purposely sent ‘copy’ to Mr. Westlake which could not be
printed, and the rejection of the report was the signal for secession.
Comrade Roodhouse printed at his own expense a considerable number of
leaflets, and sowed them broadcast in the Socialist meeting-places.
There were not wanting disaffected brethren, who perused these appeals
with satisfaction. Schism flourished.

Comrade Roodhouse was of course a man of no means, but he numbered among
his followers two extremely serviceable men, one of them a practical
printer who carried on a small business in Camden Town; the other an
oil merchant, who, because his profits had never exceeded a squalid two
thousand a year, whereas another oil merchant of his acquaintance made
at least twice as much, was embittered against things in general, and
ready to assist any subversionary movement, yea, even with coin of the
realm, on the one condition that he should be allowed to insert articles
of his own composition in the new organ which it was proposed to
establish. There was no difficulty in conceding this trifle, and the
‘Tocsin’ was the result. The name was a suggestion of the oil merchant
himself, and no bad name if Socialists at large could be supposed
capable of understanding it; but the oil merchant was too important a
man to be thwarted, and the argument by which he supported his choice
was incontestable. ‘Isn’t it our aim to educate the people? Very well,
then let them begin by knowing what Tocsin means. I shouldn’t know
myself if I hadn’t come across it in the newspaper and looked it up in
the dictionary; so there you are!’

And there was the ‘Tocsin,’ a weekly paper like the ‘Fiery Cross.’ The
first number appeared in the middle of February, so admirably prepared
were the plans of Comrade Roodhouse. It appeared on Friday; the next
Sunday promised to be a lively day at Commonwealth Hall and elsewhere.
At the original head-quarters of the Union addresses were promised from
two leading men, Comrades Westlake and Mutimer. Comrade Roodhouse would
in the morning address an assembly on Clerkenwell Green; in the evening
his voice would summon adherents to the meeting-place in Hoxton which
had been the scene of our friend Richard’s earliest triumphs. With few
exceptions the Socialists of that region had gone over to the new man
and the new paper.

Richard arrived in town on the Saturday, and went to the house in
Highbury, whither disagreeable business once more summoned him. Alice,
who, owing to her mother’s resolute refusal to direct the household, had
not as yet been able to spend more than a day or two with Richard and
his wife, sent nothing but ill news to Wanley. Mrs. Mutimer seemed to be
breaking down in health, and ‘Arry was undisguisedly returning to
evil ways. For the former, it was suspected--a locked door prevented
certainty--that she had of late kept her bed the greater part of the
day; a servant who met her downstairs in the early morning reported that
she ‘looked very bad indeed.’ The case of the latter was as hard to deal
with. ‘Arry had long ceased to attend his classes with any regularity,
and he was once more asserting the freeman’s right to immunity from
day labour. Moreover, he claimed in practice the freeman’s right to get
drunk four nights out of the seven. No one knew whence he got his money;
Richard purposely stinted him, but the provision was useless. Mr. Keene
declared with lamentations that his influence over ‘Arry was at an end;
nay, the youth had so far forgotten gratitude as to frankly announce his
intention of ‘knockin’ Keene’s lights out’ if he were further interfered
with. To the journalist his ‘lights’ were indispensable; in no sense of
the word did he possess too many of them; so it was clear that he must
abdicate his tutorial functions. Alice implored her brother to come and
‘do something.’

Richard, though a married man of only six weeks’ standing, had troubles
altogether in excess of his satisfactions. Things were not as they
should have been in that earthly paradise called New Wanley. It was
not to be expected that the profits of that undertaking would be worth
speaking of for some little time to come, but it was extremely desirable
that it should pay its own expenses, and it began to be doubtful whether
even this moderate success was being achieved. Various members of the
directing committee had visited New Wanley recently, and Richard had
talked to them in a somewhat discouraging tone; his fortune was not
limitless, it had to be remembered; a considerable portion of old
Mutimer’s money had lain in the vast Belwick concern of which he
was senior partner; the surviving members of the firm were under no
specified obligation to receive Richard himself as partner, and the
product of the realised capital was a very different thing from the
share in the profits which the old man had enjoyed. Other capital
Richard had at his command, but already he was growing chary of
encroachments upon principal. He began to murmur inwardly that the
entire fortune did not lie at his disposal; willingly he would have
allowed Alice a handsome portion; and as for ‘Arry, the inheritance was
clearly going to be his ruin. The practical difficulties at New Wanley
were proving considerable; the affair was viewed with hostility by
ironmasters in general, and the results of such hostility were felt. But
Richard was committed to his scheme; all his ambitions based themselves
thereupon. And those ambitions grew daily.

These greater troubles must to a certain extent solve themselves, but
in Highbury it was evidently time, as Alice said, to ‘do something.’
His mother’s obstinacy stood in the way of almost every scheme that
suggested itself. Richard was losing patience with the poor old woman,
and suffered the more from his irritation because he would so gladly
have behaved to her with filial kindness. One plan there was to which
she might possibly agree, and even have pleasure in accepting it, but
it was not easy to propose. The house in Wilton Square was still on
his hands; upon the departure of Emma and her sister; a certain Mrs.
Chattaway, a poor friend of old times, who somehow supported herself
and a grandchild, had been put into the house as caretaker, for Richard
could not sell all the furniture to which his mother was so attached,
and he had waited for her return to reason before ultimately deciding
how to act in that matter. Could he now ask the old woman to return to
the Square, and, it might be, live there with Mrs. Chattaway? In that
case both ‘Arry and Alice would have to leave London.

On Saturday afternoon he had a long talk with his sister. To Alice also
it had occurred that their mother’s return to the old abode might be

‘And you may depend upon it, Dick,’ she said, ‘she’ll never rest again
till she does get back. I believe you’ve only got to speak of it, and
she’ll go at once.’

‘She’ll think it unkind,’ Richard objected. ‘It looks as if we wanted to
get her out of the way. Why on earth does she carry on like this? As if
we hadn’t bother enough!’

‘Well, we can’t help what she thinks. I believe it’ll be for her own
good. She’ll be comfortable with Mrs. Chattaway, and that’s more than
she’ll ever be here. But what about ‘Arry?’

‘He’ll have to come to Wanley. I shall find him work there--I wish I’d
done so months ago.’

There were no longer the objections to ‘Arry’s appearance at Wanley that
had existed previous to Richard’s marriage; none the less the resolution
was courageous, and proved the depth of Mutimer’s anxiety for his
brother. Having got the old woman to Wilton Square, and Alice to the
Manor, it would have been easy enough to bid Mr. Henry Mutimer betake
himself--whither his mind directed him. Richard could not adopt that
rough-and-ready way out of his difficulty. Just as he suffered in
the thought that he might be treating his mother unkindly, so he was
constrained to undergo annoyances rather than abandon the hope of saving
‘Arry from ultimate destruction.

‘Will he live at the Manor?’ Alice asked uneasily.

Richard mused; then a most happy idea struck him.

‘I have it! He shall live with Rodman. The very thing! Rodman’s the
fellow to look after him. Yes; that’s what we’ll do.’

‘And I’m to live at the Manor?’

‘Of course.’

‘You think Adela won’t mind?’

‘Mind? How the deuce can she mind it?’

As a matter of form Adela would of course be consulted, but Richard had
no notion of submitting practical arrangements in his own household to
his wife’s decision.

‘Now we shall have to see mother,’ he said. ‘How’s that to be managed?’

‘Will you go and speak at her door?’

‘That be hanged! Confound it, has she gone crazy? Just go up and say I
want to see her.’

‘If I say that, I’m quite sure she won’t come.’

Richard waxed in anger.

‘But she _shall_ come! Go and say I want to see her, and that if she
doesn’t come down I’ll force the door. There’ll have to be an end to
this damned foolery. I’ve got no time to spend humbugging. It’s four
o’clock, and I have letters to write before dinner. Tell her I must see
her, and have done with it.’

Alice went upstairs with small hope of success. She knocked twice before
receiving an answer.

‘Mother, are you there?’

‘What do you want?’ came back in a voice of irritation.

‘Dick’s here, and wants to speak to you. He says he _must_ see you; it’s
something very important.’

‘I’ve nothing to do with him,’ was the reply.

‘Will you see him if he comes up here?’

‘No, I won’t.’

Alice went down and repeated this. After a moment’s hesitation Mutimer
ascended the stairs by threes. He rapped loudly at the bedroom door. No
answer was vouchsafed.

‘Mother, you must either open the door or come downstairs,’ he cried
with decision. ‘This has gone on long enough. Which will you do?’

‘I’ll do neither,’ was the angry reply. ‘What right have you to order me
about, I’d like to know? You mind your business, and I’ll mind mine.’

‘All right. Then I shall send for a man at once, and have the door

Mrs. Mutimer knew well the tone in which these words were spoken; more
than once ere now it had been the preliminary of decided action. Already
Richard had reached the head of the stairs, when he heard a key turn,
and the bedroom door was thrown open with such violence that the walls
shook. He approached the threshold and examined the interior.

There was only one noticeable change in the appearance of the bedroom
since he had last seen it. The dressing-table was drawn near to the
fire, and on it were a cup and saucer, a few plates, some knives, forks,
and spoons, and a folded tablecloth. A kettle and a saucepan stood on
the fender. Her bread and butter Mrs. Mutimer kept in a drawer. All the
appointments of the chamber were as clean and orderly as could be.

The sight of his mother’s face all but stilled Richard’s anger; she was
yellow and wasted; her hair seemed far more grizzled than he remembered
it. She stood as far from him as she could get, in an attitude not
devoid of dignity, and looked him straight in the face. He closed the

‘Mother, I’ve not come here to quarrel with you,’ Mutimer began, his
voice much softened. ‘What’s done is done, and there’s no helping it. I
can understand you being angry at first, but there’s no sense in making
enemies of us all in this way. It can’t go on any longer--neither for
your sake nor ours. I want to talk reasonably, and to make some kind of

‘You want to get me out o’ the ‘ouse. I’m ready to go, an’ glad to go.
I’ve earnt my livin’ before now, an’ I’m not so old but I can do it
again. You always was one for talkin’, but the fewest words is best.
Them as talks most isn’t allus the most straightfor’ard.’

‘It isn’t that kind of talk that’ll do any good, mother. I tell you
again, I’m not going to use angry words; You know perfectly well I’ve
never behaved badly to you, and I’m not going to begin now. What I’ve
got to say is that you’ve no right to go on like this. Whilst you’ve
been shutting yourself up in this room, there’s Alice living by herself,
which it isn’t right she should do; and there’s ‘Arry going to the bad
as fast as he can, and just because you won’t help to look after him. If
you’ll only think of it in the right way, you’ll see that’s a good deal
your doing. If ‘Arry turns out a scamp and a blackguard, it’s you that
‘ll be greatly to blame for it. You might have helped to look after
him. I always thought you’d more common sense. You may say what you like
about me, and I don’t care; but when you talk about working for your
living, you ought to remember that there’s work enough near at hand, if
only you’d see to it.’

‘I’ve nothing to do neither with you nor ‘Arry nor Alice,’ answered
the old woman stubbornly. ‘If ‘Arry disgraces his name, he won’t be the
first as has done it. I done my best to bring you all up honest, but
that was a long time ago, and things has changed. You’re old enough to
go your own ways, an’ your ways isn’t mine. I told you how it ‘ud be,
an’ the only mistake I made was comin’ to live here at all. Now I can’t
be left alone, an’ I’ll go. You’ve no call to tell me a second time.’

It was a long, miserable wrangle, lasting half an hour, before a
possibility of agreement presented itself. Richard at length ceased to
recriminate, and allowed his mother to talk herself to satiety. He then

‘I’m thinking of giving up this house, mother. What I want to know is,
whether it would please you to go back to the old place again? I ask you
because I can think of ud other way for putting you in comfort. You must
say and think what you like, only just answer me the one question as
I ask it--that is, honestly and good-temperedly. I shall have to take
‘Arry away with me; I can’t let him go to the dogs without another try
to keep him straight. Alice ‘ll have to go with me too, at all events
for a time. Whether we like it or not, she’ll have to accustom herself
to new ways, and I see my way to helping her. I don’t know whether
you’ve been told that Mrs. Chattaway’s been living in the house since
the others went away. The furniture’s just as you left it; I dare say
you’d feel it like going home again.’

‘They’ve gone, have they?’ Mrs. Mutimer asked, as if unwilling to show
the interest which this proposal had excited in her.

‘Yes, they went more than a month ago. We put Mrs. Chattaway in just
to keep the place in order. I look on the house as yours. You might let
Mrs. Chattaway stay there still, perhaps; but that’s just as you please.
You oughtn’t to live quite alone.’

Mrs. Mutimer did not soften, but, after many words, Richard understood
her to agree to what he proposed. She had stood all through the
dialogue; now at length she moved to a seat, and sank upon it with
trembling limbs. Richard wished to go, but had a difficulty in leaving
abruptly. Darkness had fallen whilst they talked; they only saw each
other by the light of the fire.

‘Am I to come and see you or not, mother, when you get back to the old

She did not reply.

‘You won’t tell me?’

‘You must come or stay away, as it suits you,’ she said, in a tone of

‘Very well, then I shall come, if it’s only to tell you about ‘Arry and
Alice. And now will you let Alice come up and have some tea with you?’

There was no answer.

‘Then I’ll tell her she may,’ he said kindly, and went from the room.

He found Alice in the drawing-room, and persuaded her to go up.

‘Just take it as if there ‘d been nothing wrong,’ he said to his sister.
‘She’s had a wretched time of it, I can see that. Take some tea-cakes up
with you, and talk about going back to the Square as if she’d proposed
it herself. We mustn’t be hard with her just because she can’t change,
poor old soul.’

Socialistic business took him away during the evening. When he returned
at eleven o’clock, ‘Arry had not yet come in. Shortly before one there
were sounds of ineffectual effort at the front-door latch. Mutimer, who
happened to be crossing the hall, heard them, and went to open the door.
The result was that his brother fell forward at full length upon the

‘Get up, drunken beast!’ Richard exclaimed angrily.

‘Beast yourself,’ was the hiccupped reply, repeated several times
whilst ‘Arry struggled to his feet. Then, propping himself against the
door-post, the maligned youth assumed the attitude of pugilism, inviting
all and sundry to come on and have their lights extinguished. Richard
flung him into the hall and closed the door. ‘Arry had again to struggle
with gravitation.

‘Walk upstairs, if you can!’ ordered his brother with contemptuous

After much trouble ‘Arry was got to his room, thrust in, and the door
slammed behind him.

Richard was not disposed to argue with his brother this time. He waited
in the dining-room next morning till the champion of liberty presented
himself; then, scarcely looking at him, said with quiet determination:

‘Pack your clothes some time to-day. You’re going to Wanley to-morrow

‘Not unless I choose,’ remarked ‘Arry.

‘You look here,’ exclaimed the elder, with concentrated savageness which
did credit to his powers of command. What you choose has nothing to
do with it, and that you’ll please to understand. At half-past nine
to-morrow morning you’re ready for me in this room; hear that? I’ll have
an end to this kind of thing, or I’ll know the reason why. Speak a word
of impudence to me and I’ll knock half your teeth out!’

He was capable of doing it. ‘Arry got to his morning meal in silence.

In the course of the morning Mr. Keene called. Mutimer received him
in the dining-room, and they smoked together. Their talk was of the
meetings to be held in the evening.

‘There’ll be nasty doings up there,’ Keene remarked, indicating with his
head the gathering place of Comrade Roodhouse’s adherents.

‘Of what kind?’ Mutimer asked with indifference.

‘There’s disagreeable talk going about. Probably they’ll indulge in
personalities a good deal.’

‘Of course they will,’ assented the other after a short pause.
‘Westlake, eh?’

‘Not only Westlake. There’s a more important man.’

Mutimer could not resist a smile, though he was uneasy. Keene understood
the smile; it was always an encouragement to him.

‘What have they got hold of?’

‘I’m afraid there’ll be references to the girl.’

‘The girl?’ Richard hesitated. ‘What girl? What do you know about any

‘It’s only the gossip I’ve heard. I thought it would be as well if I
went about among them last night just to pick up hints, you know.’

‘They’re talking about that, are they? Well, let them. It isn’t hard to
invent lies.’

‘Just so,’ observed Mr. Keene sympathisingly. ‘Of course I know they’d
twisted the affair.’

Mutimer glanced at him and smoked in silence.

‘I think I’d better be there to-night,’ the journalist continued. ‘I
shall be more useful there than at the hall.’

‘As you like,’ said Mutimer lightly.

The subject was not pursued.

Though the occasion was of so much importance, Commonwealth Hall
contained but a moderate audience when Mr. Westlake rose to deliver
his address. The people who occupied the benches were obviously of a
different stamp from those wont to assemble at the Hoxton meeting-place.
There were perhaps a dozen artisans of intensely sober appearance, and
the rest were men and women who certainly had never wrought with their
hands. Near Mrs. Westlake sat several ladies, her personal friends.
Of the men other than artisans the majority were young, and showed the
countenance which bespeaks meritorious intelligence rather than ardour
of heart or brain. Of enthusiasts in the true sense none could be
discerned. It needed but a glance over this assembly to understand
how very theoretical were the convictions that had brought its members

Mr. Westlake’s address was interesting, very interesting; he had
prepared it with much care, and its literary qualities were admired when
subsequently it saw the light in one of the leading periodicals. Now and
then he touched eloquence; the sincerity animating him was unmistakable,
and the ideal he glorified was worthy of a noble mind. Not in anger did
he speak of the schism from which the movement was suffering; even his
sorrow was dominated by a gospel of hope. Optimism of the most fervid
kind glowed through his discourse; he grew almost lyrical in his
anticipation of the good time coming. For to-night it seemed to him that
encouragement should be the prevailing note; it was always easy to see
the dark side of things. Their work, he told his hearers, was but just
beginning. They aimed at nothing less than a revolution, and revolutions
were not brought about in a day. None of them would in the flesh behold
the reign of justice; was that a reason why they should neglect the
highest impulses of their nature and sit contented in the shadow of the
world’s mourning? He spoke with passion of the millions disinherited
before their birth, with infinite tenderness of those weak ones whom our
social system condemns to a life of torture, just because they are weak.
One loved the man for his great heart and for his gift of moving speech.

His wife sat, as she always did when listening intently, her body bent
forward, one hand supporting her chin. Her eyes never quitted his face.

To the second speaker it had fallen to handle in detail the differences
of the hour. Mutimer’s exordium was not inspiriting after the
rich-rolling periods with which Mr. Westlake had come to an end; his
hard voice contrasted painfully with the other’s cultured tones. Richard
was probably conscious of this, for he hesitated more than was his wont,
seeking words which did not come naturally to him. However, he warmed to
his work, and was soon giving his audience clearly to understand how he,
Richard Mutimer, regarded the proceedings of Comrade Roodhouse. Let
us be practical--this was the burden of his exhortation. We are
Englishmen--and women--not flighty, frothy foreigners. Besides, we have
the blessings of free speech, and with the tongue and pen we must be
content to fight, other modes of warfare being barbarous. Those who in
their inconsiderate zeal had severed the Socialist body, were taking
upon themselves a very grave responsibility; not only had they troubled
the movement internally, but they would doubtless succeed in giving it
a bad name with many who were hitherto merely indifferent, and who might
in time have been brought over. Let it be understood that in this hall
the true doctrine was preached, and that the ‘Fiery Cross’ was the true
organ of English Socialism as distinguished from foreign crazes. The
strength of England had ever been her sobriety; Englishmen did not fly
at impossibilities like noisy children. He would not hesitate to say
that the revolutionism preached in the newspaper called the ‘Tocsin’ was
dangerous, was immoral. And so on.

Richard was not at his best this evening. You might have seen Mrs.
Westlake abandon her attentive position, and lean back rather wearily;
you might have seen a covert smile on a few of the more intelligent
faces. It was awkward for Mutimer to be praising moderation in a
movement directed against capital, and this was not exactly the audience
for eulogies of Great Britain at the expense of other countries. The
applause when the orator seated himself was anything but hearty. Richard
knew it, and inwardly cursed Mr. Westlake for taking the wind out of his

Very different was the scene in the meeting-room behind the coffee-shop.
There, upon Comrade Roodhouse’s harangue, followed a debate more
stirring than any on the records of the Islington and Hoxton branch. The
room was thoroughly full; the roof rang with tempestuous acclamations.
Messrs. Cowes and Cullen were in their glory; they roared with delight
at each depreciatory epithet applied to Mr. Westlake and his henchmen,
and prompted the speakers with words and phrases of a rich vernacular.
If anything, Comrade Roodhouse fell a little short of what was expected
of him. His friends had come together prepared for gory language, but
the murderous instigations of Clerkenwell Green were not repeated with
the same crudity. The speaker dealt in negatives; not thus and thus was
the social millennium to be brought about, it was open to his hearers to
conceive the practical course. For the rest, the heresiarch had a mighty
flow of vituperative speech. Aspirates troubled him, so that for the
most part he cast them away, and the syntax of his periods was often
anacoluthic; but these matters were of no moment.

Questions being called for, Mr. Cowes and Mr. Cullen of course started
up simultaneously. The former gentleman got the ear of the meeting.
With preliminary swaying of the hand, he looked round as one about to
propound a question which would for ever establish his reputation for
acumen. In his voice of quiet malice, with his frequent deliberate
pauses, with the wonted emphasis on absurd pronunciations, he spoke
somewhat thus:--

‘In the course of his address--I shall say nothin’ about its qualities,
the time for discussion will come presently--our Comrade has said not a
few ‘ard things about certain individooals who put themselves forward as
perractical Socialists--’

‘Not ‘ard enough!’ roared a voice from the back of the room.

Mr. Cowes turned his lank figure deliberately, and gazed for a moment in
the quarter whence the interruption had come. Then he resumed.

‘I agree with that involuntary exclamation. Certainly, not ‘ard enough.
And the question I wish to put to our Comrade is this: Is he, or is he
not, aweer of certain scandalous doin’s on the part of one of these said
individooals, I might say actions which, from the Socialist point of
view, amount to crimes? If our Comrade is aweer of what I refer to,
then it seems to me it was his dooty to distinctly mention it. If he
was _not_ aweer, then we in this neighbourhood shall be only too glad
to enlighten him. I distinctly assert that a certain individooal we all
have in our thoughts has proved himself a traitor to the cause of the
people. Comrades will understand me. And that’s the question I wish to

Mr. Cowes had introduced the subject which a considerable number of
those present were bent on publicly discussing. Who it was that had
first spread the story of Mutimer’s matrimonial concerns probably no one
could have determined. It was not Daniel Dabbs, though Daniel, partly
from genuine indignation, partly in consequence of slowly growing
personal feeling against the Mutimers, had certainly supplied Richard’s
enemies with corroborative details. Under ordinary circumstances
Mutimer’s change of fortune would have seemed to his old mates a
sufficient explanation of his behaviour to Emma Vine; they certainly
would not have gone out of their way to condemn him. But Richard was
by this time vastly unpopular with most of those who had once glorified
him. Envy had had time to grow, and was assisted by Richard’s avoidance
of personal contact with his Hoxton friends. When they spoke of him now
it was with sneers and sarcasms. Some one had confidently asserted that
the so-called Socialistic enterprise at Wanley was a mere pretence,
that Mutimer was making money just like any other capitalist, and the
leaguers of Hoxton firmly believed this. They encouraged one another to
positive hatred of the working man who had suddenly become wealthy;
his name stank in their nostrils. This, in a great measure, explained
Comrade Roodhouse’s success; personal feeling is almost always the
spring of public action among the uneducated. In the excitement of
the schism a few of the more energetic spirits had determined to drag
Richard’s domestic concerns into publicity. They suddenly became aware
that private morality was at the root of the general good; they urged
each other to righteous indignation in a matter for which they did not
really care two straws. Thus Mr. Cowes’s question was received with
vociferous approval. Those present who did not understand the allusion
were quickly enlightened by their neighbours. A crowd of Englishmen
working itself into a moral rage is as glorious a spectacle as the world
can show. Not one of these men but heartily believed himself justified
in reviling the traitor to his class, the betrayer of confiding
innocence. Remember, too, how it facilitates speech to have a concrete
topic on which to enlarge; in this matter a West End drawing-room and
the Hoxton coffee-shop are akin. Regularity of procedure was at an end;
question grew to debate, and debate was riot. Mr. Cullen succeeded Mr.
Cowes and roared himself hoarse, defying the feeble protests of the
chairman. He abandoned mere allusion, and rejoiced the meeting by
declaring names. His example was followed by those who succeeded him.

Little did Emma think, as she sat working, Sunday though it was, in her
poor room, that her sorrows were being blared forth to a gross assembly
in venomous accusation against the man who had wronged her. We can
imagine that the knowledge would not greatly have soothed her.

Comrade Roodhouse at length obtained a hearing. It was his policy to
deprecate these extreme personalities, and in doing so he heaped on
the enemy greater condemnation. There was not a little art in the
heresiarch’s modes of speech; the less obtuse appreciated him and bade
him live for ever. The secretary of the branch busily took notes.

When the meeting had broken up into groups, a number of the more
prominent Socialists surrounded Comrade Roodhouse on the platform. Their
talk was still of Mutimer, of his shameless hypocrisy, his greed, his
infernal arrogance. Near at hand stood Mr. Keene; a word brought him
into conversation with a neighbour. He began by repeating the prevalent
abuse, then, perceiving that his hearer merely gave assent in general
terms, he added:--

‘I shouldn’t wonder, though, if there was some reason we haven’t heard
of--I mean, about the girl, you know.’

‘Think so?’ said the other.

‘Well, I _have_ heard it said--but then one doesn’t care to repeat such

‘What’s that, eh?’ put in another man, who had caught the words.

‘Oh, nothing. Only the girl’s made herself scarce. Dare say the fault
wasn’t altogether on one side.’

And Mr. Keene winked meaningly.

The hint spread among those on the platform. Daniel Dabbs happened to
hear it repeated in a gross form.

‘Who’s been a-sayin’ that?’ he roared. ‘Where have you got that from,

The source was already forgotten, but Daniel would not let the calumny
take its way unopposed. He harangued those about him with furious

‘If any man’s got a word to say against Emma Vine, let him come an’ say
it to me, that’s all I Now look ‘ere, all o’ you, I know that girl, and
I know that anyone as talks like that about her tells a damned lie.’

‘Most like it’s Mutimer himself as has set it goin’,’ observed someone.

In five minutes all who remained in the room were convinced that Mutimer
had sent an agent to the meeting for the purpose of assailing Emma
Vine’s good name. Mr. Keene had already taken his departure, and no
suspicious character was discernible; a pity for the evening might have
ended in a picturesque way.

But Daniel Dabbs went home to his brother’s public-house, obtained
note-paper and an envelope, and forthwith indited a brief epistle which
he addressed to the house in Highbury. It had no formal commencement,
and ended with ‘Yours, etc.’ Daniel demanded an assurance that his
former friend had not instigated certain vile accusations against Emma,
and informed him that whatever answer was received would be read aloud
at next Sunday’s meeting.

The one not wholly ignoble incident in that evening’s transactions.


In the partial reconciliation between Mrs. Mutimer and her children
there was no tenderness on either side. The old conditions could not be
restored, and the habits of the family did not lend themselves to the
polite hypocrisy which lubricates the wheels of the refined world. There
was to be a parting, and probably it would be for life. In Richard’s
household his mother could never have a part, and when Alice married,
doubtless the same social difficulty would present itself. It was not
the future to which Mrs. Mutimer had looked forward, but, having said
her say, she resigned herself and hardened her heart. At least she would
die in the familiar home.

Richard had supper with his sister on his return from Commonwealth Hall,
and their plans were discussed in further detail.

‘I want you,’ he said, ‘to go to the Square with mother to-morrow, and
to stay there till Wednesday. You won’t mind doing that?’

‘I think she’d do every bit as well without me,’ said Alice.

‘Never mind; I should like you to go. I’ll take ‘Arry down to-morrow
morning, then I’ll come and fetch you on Wednesday. You’ll just see that
everything’s comfortable in the house, and buy her a few presents, the
kind of things she’d like.’

‘I don’t suppose she’ll take anything.’

‘Try, at all events. And don’t mind her talk; it does no harm.’

In the morning came the letter from Daniel Dabbs. Richard read it
without any feeling of surprise, still less with indignation, at
the calumny of which it complained. During the night he had wondered
uneasily what might have occurred at the Hoxton meeting, and the result
was a revival of his ignoble anger against Emma. Had he not anxiety
enough that she must bring him new trouble when he believed that all
relations between him and her were at an end? Doubtless she was posing
as a martyr before all who knew anything of her story; why had she
refused his money, if not that her case might seem all the harder?
It were difficult to say whether he really believed this; in a nature
essentially egoistic, there is often no line to be drawn between genuine
convictions and the irresponsible charges of resentment. Mutimer had so
persistently trained himself to regard Emma as in the wrong, that it
was no wonder if he had lost the power of judging sanely in any matter
connected with her. Her refusal to benefit by his generosity had
aggravated him; actually, no doubt, because she thus deprived him of a
defence against his conscience.

He was not surprised that libellous rumours were afloat, simply because
since his yesterday’s conversation with Keene the thought of justifying
himself in some such way--should it really prove necessary--had several
times occurred to him, suggested probably by Keene’s own words. That
the journalist had found means of doing him this service was very likely
indeed. He remembered with satisfaction that no hint of such a thing
had escaped his own lips. Still, he was uneasy. Keene might have fallen
short of prudence, with the result that Daniel Dabbs might be in a
position to trace this calumny to him, Mutimer. It would not be pleasant
if the affair, thus represented, came to the ears of his friends,
particularly of Mr. Westlake.

He had just finished his breakfast, and was glancing over the newspaper
in a dull and irritable mood, when Keene himself arrived. Mutimer
expected him. Alice quitted the dining-room when he was announced, and
‘Arry, who at the same moment came in for breakfast, was bidden go about
his business, and be ready to leave the house in half-an-hour.

‘What does this mean?’ Richard asked abruptly, handing the letter to his

Keene perused the crabbed writing, and uttered sundry ‘Ah’s’ and

‘Do you know anything about it?’ Mutimer continued, in a tone between
mere annoyance and serious indignation.

‘I think I had better tell you what took place last night,’ said the
journalist, with side glances. He had never altogether thrown off the
deferential manner when conversing with his patron, and at present
he emphasised it. ‘Those fellows carry party feeling too far; the
proceedings were scandalous. It really was enough to make one feel that
one mustn’t be too scrupulous in trying to stop their mouths. If I’m
not mistaken, an action for defamation of character would lie against
half-a-dozen of them.’

Mutimer was unfortunately deficient in sense of humour. He continued to
scowl, and merely said: ‘Go on; what happened?’

Mr. Keene allowed the evening’s proceedings to lose nothing in his
narration. He was successful in exciting his hearer to wrath, but, to
his consternation, it was forthwith turned against himself.

‘And you tried to make things better by going about telling what several
of them would know perfectly well to be lies?’ exclaimed Mutimer,
savagely. ‘Who the devil gave you authority to do so?’

‘My dear sir,’ protested the journalist, ‘you have quite mistaken me.
I did not mean to admit that I had told lies. How could I for a moment
suppose that a man of your character would sanction that kind of thing?
Pooh, I hope I know you better! No, no; I merely in the course of
conversation ventured to hint that, as you yourself had explained to
me, there were reasons quite other than the vulgar mind would conceive
for--for the course you had pursued. To my own apprehension such reasons
are abundant, and, I will add, most conclusive. You have not endeavoured
to explain them to me in detail; I trust you felt that I was not so dull
of understanding as to be incapable of--of appreciating motives when
sufficiently indicated. Situations of this kind are _never_ to be
explained grossly; I mean, of course, in the case of men of intellect.
I flatter myself that I have come to know your ruling principles; and I
will say that beyond a doubt your behaviour has been most honourable.
Of course I was mistaken in trying to convey this to those I talked with
last night; they misinterpreted me, and I might have expected it. We
cannot give them the moral feelings which they lack. But I am glad that
the error has so quickly come to light. A mere word from you, and such a
delusion goes no farther. I regret it extremely.’

Mutimer held the letter in his hand, and kept looking from it to the
speaker. Keene’s subtleties were not very intelligible to him, but, even
with a shrewd suspicion that he was being humbugged, he could not resist
a sense of pleasure in hearing himself classed with the superior men
whose actions are not to be explained by the vulgar. Nay, he asked
himself whether the defence was not in fact a just one. After all, was
it not possible that his conduct had been praiseworthy? He recovered the
argument by which he had formerly tried to silence disagreeable inner
voices; a man in his position owed it to society to effect a union of
classes, and private feeling must give way before the higher motive. He
reflected for a moment when Keene ceased to speak.

‘What did you say?’ he then asked, still bluntly, but with less anger.
‘Just tell me the words, as far as you can remember.’

Keene was at no loss to recall inoffensive phrases; in another long
speech, full of cajolery sufficiently artful for the occasion,
he represented himself as having merely protested against
misrepresentations obviously sharpened by malice.

‘It is just possible that I made some reference to her _character_,’ he
admitted, speaking more slowly, and as if desirous that no word
should escape his hearer; ‘but it did not occur to me to guard against
misunderstandings of the word. I might have remembered that it has such
different meanings on the lips of educated and of uneducated men. You,
of course, would never have missed my thoughts.’

‘If I might suggest,’ he added, when Mutimer kept silence, I think, if
you condescend to notice the letter at all, you should reply only in
the most general terms. Who is this man Dabbs, I wonder, who has the
impudence to write to you in this way?’

‘Oh, one of the Hoxton Socialists, I suppose,’ Mutimer answered
carelessly. ‘I remember the name.’

‘A gross impertinence! By no means encourage them in thinking you owe
explanations. Your position doesn’t allow anything of the kind.’

‘All right,’ said Richard, his ill-humour gone; ‘I’ll see to it.’

He was not able, after all, to catch the early train by which he had
meant to take his brother to Wanley. He did not like to leave without
some kind of good-bye to his mother, and Alice said that the old woman
would not be ready to go before eleven o’clock. After half an hour of
restlessness he sat down to answer Daniel’s letter. Keene’s flattery
had not been without its fruit. From anger which had in it an element
of apprehension he passed to an arrogant self-confidence which character
and circumstances were conspiring to make his habitual mood. It _was_
a gross impertinence in Daniel to address him thus. What was the use of
wealth if it did not exempt one from the petty laws binding on miserable
hand to mouth toilers! He would have done with Emma Vine; his time was
of too much value to the world to be consumed in wranglings about a
work-girl. What if here and there someone believed the calumny? Would
it do Emma any harm? That was most unlikely. On the whole, the
misunderstanding was useful; let it take its course. Men with large aims
cannot afford to be scrupulous in small details. Was not New Wanley a
sufficient balance against a piece of injustice, which, after all, was
only one of words?

He wrote:

‘DEAR SIR,--I have received your letter, but it is impossible for me to
spend time in refuting idle stories. What’s more, I cannot see that my
private concerns are a fit subject for discussion at a public meeting,
as I understand they have been made. You are at liberty to read this
note when and where you please, and in that intention let me add that
the cause of Socialism will not be advanced by attacks on the character
of those most earnestly devoted to it. I remain, yours truly,


It seemed to Richard that this was the very thing, alike in tone and
phrasing. A week or two previously a certain statesman had written
to the same effect in reply to calumnious statements, and Richard
consciously made that letter his model. The statesman had probably been
sounder in his syntax, but his imitator had, no doubt, the advantage in
other points. Richard perused his composition several times, and sent it
to the post.

At eleven o’clock Mrs. Mutimer descended to the hall, ready for her
journey. She would not enter any room. Her eldest son came out to meet
her, and got rid of the servant who had fetched a cab.

‘Good-bye for the present, mother,’ he said, giving his hand ‘I hope
you’ll find everything just as you wish it.’

‘If I don’t, I shan’t complain,’ was the cold reply.

The old woman had clad herself, since her retreat, in the garments of
former days; and the truth must be told that they did not add to the
dignity of her appearance. Probably no costume devisable could surpass
in ignoble ugliness the attire of an English working-class widow when
she appears in the streets. The proximity of Alice, always becomingly
clad, drew attention to the poor mother’s plebeian guise. Richard,
watching her enter the cab, felt for the first time a distinct shame.
His feelings might have done him more credit but for the repulse he had

‘Arry contented himself with standing at the front-room window, his
hands in his pockets.

Later in the same day Daniel Dabbs, who had by chance been following the
British workman’s practice and devoting Monday to recreation, entered
an omnibus in which Mrs. Clay was riding. She had a heavy bundle on her
lap, shopwork which she was taking home. Daniel had already received
Mutimer’s reply, and was nursing a fit of anger. He seated himself by
Kate’s side, and conversed with her.

‘Heard anything from _him_ lately?’ he asked, with a motion of the head
which rendered mention of names unnecessary.

‘Not we,’ Kate replied bitterly, her eyes fixing themselves in scorn.

‘No loss,’ remarked Daniel, with an expression of disgust.

‘He’ll hear from _me_ some day,’ said the woman, ‘and in a way as he
won’t like.’

The noise of the vehicle did not favour conversation. Daniel waited till
Kate got out, then he too descended, and walked along by her side. He
did not offer to relieve her of the bundle in primitive societies woman
is naturally the burden-bearer.

‘I wouldn’t a’ thought it o’ Dick,’ he said, his head thrust forward,
and his eyes turning doggedly from side to side. They say as how
too much money ain’t good for a man, but it’s changed _him_ past all

‘He always had a good deal too much to say for himself,’ remarked Mrs.
Clay, speaking with difficulty through her quickened breath, the bundle
almost more than she could manage.

‘I wish just now as he’d say a bit more,’ said Daniel. ‘Now, see, here’s
a letter I’ve just got from him. I wrote to him last night to let him
know of things as was goin’ round at the lecture. There’s one or two of
our men, you know, think he’d ought to be made to smart a bit for the
way he’s treated Emma, and last night they up an’ spoke--you should just
a’ ‘eard them. Then someone set it goin’ as the fault wasn’t Dick’s at
all. See what I mean? I don’t know who started that. I can’t think as
he’d try to blacken a girl’s name just to excuse himself; that’s goin’ a
bit too far.’

Mrs. Clay came to a standstill.

‘He’s been saying things of Emma?’ she cried. ‘Is that what you mean?’

‘Well, see now. I couldn’t believe it, an’ I don’t rightly believe it
yet. I’ll read you the answer as he’s sent me.’

Daniel gave forth the letter, getting rather lost amid its pretentious
periods, with the eccentric pauses and intonation of an uneducated
reader. Standing in a busy thoroughfare, he and Kate almost blocked
the pavement; impatient pedestrians pushed against them, and uttered

‘I suppose that’s Dick’s new way o’ sayin’ he hadn’t nothin’ to do with
it,’ Daniel commented at the end. ‘Money seems always to bring long
words with it somehow. It seems to me he’d ought to speak plainer.’

‘Who’s done it, if he didn’t?’ Kate exclaimed, with shrill anger. ‘You
don’t suppose there’s another man ‘ud go about telling coward lies? The
mean wretch! Says things about my sister, does he? I’ll be even with
that man yet, never you mind.’

‘Well, I can’t believe it o’ Dick,’ muttered Dabbs. ‘He says ‘ere, you
see, as he hasn’t time to contradict “idle stories.” I suppose that
means he didn’t start ‘em.’

‘If he tells one lie, won’t he tell another?’ cried the woman. She was
obliged to put down her bundle on a doorstep, and used the moment of
relief to pour forth vigorous vituperation. Dick listened with an
air half of approval, half doggedly doubtful. He was not altogether
satisfied with himself.

‘Well, I must get off ‘ome,’ he said at length. ‘It’s only right as you
should know what’s goin’ on. There’s no one believes a word of it, and
that you can tell Emma. If I hear it repeated, you may be sure I’ll up
an’ say what I think. It won’t go no further if I can stop it. Well, so
long! Give my respects to your sister.’

Daniel waved his arm and made off across the street. Kate, clutching her
bundle again, panted along by-ways; reaching the house-door she rang
a bell twice, and Emma admitted her. They climbed together to an upper
room, where Kate flung her burden on to the floor and began at once to
relate with vehemence all that Daniel had told her. The calumny lost
nothing in her repetition. After listening in surprise for a few
moments, Emma turned away and quietly began to cut bread and butter for
the children, who were having their tea.

‘Haven’t you got anything to say?’ cried her sister. ‘I suppose he’ll
be telling his foul lies about me next. Oh, he’s a good-’earted man, is
Mutimer! Perhaps you’ll believe me now. Are you going to let him talk
what he likes about you?’

Since the abandonment of the house in Wilton Square, Kate had
incessantly railed in this way; it was a joy to her to have discovered
new matter for invective. Emma’s persistent silence maddened her; even
now not a word was to be got from the girl.

‘Can’t you speak?’ shrilled Mrs. Clay. ‘If you don’t do something, I let
you know that I shall! I’m not going to stand this kind o’ thing, don’t
think it. If they talk ill of you they’ll do the same of me. It’s time
that devil had something for himself. You might be made o’ stone! I only
hope I may meet him in the streets, that’s all! I’ll show him up, see
if I don’t! I’ll let all the people know what he is, the cur! I’ll do
something to make him give me in charge, and then I’ll tell it all out
before the magistrates. I don’t care what comes, I’ll find some way of
paying out that beast!’

Emma turned angrily.

‘Hold your tongue, Kate! If you go on like this day after day we shall
have to part; I can’t put up with it, so there now! I’ve begged and
prayed you to stop, and you don’t pay the least heed to me; I think you
might have more kindness. You’ll never make me say a single word about
him, do what you will; I’ve told you that many a time, and I mean what I
say. Let him say what he likes and do what he likes. It’s nothing to me,
and it doesn’t concern you. You’ll drive me out of the house again, like
you did the other night. I can’t bear it. Do you understand, Kate?--I
can’t bear it!’

Her voice shook, and there were tears of uttermost shame and misery in
her eyes. The children sitting at the table, though accustomed to scenes
of this kind, looked at the disputants with troubled faces, and at
length the younger began to cry. Emma at once turned to the little one
with smiles of re-assurance. Kate would have preferred to deal slaps,
but contented herself with taking a cup of tea to the fireside, and
sulking for half an hour.

Emma unrolled the bundle of work, and soon the hum of the sewing-machine
began, to continue late into the night.


You remember that one side of the valley in which stood New Wanley was
clad with trees. Through this wood a public path made transverse ascent
to the shoulder of the bill, a way little used save by Wanley ramblers
in summer time. The section of the wood above the path was closed
against trespassers; among the copses below anyone might freely wander.
In places it was scarcely possible to make a way for fern, bramble,
and underwood, but elsewhere mossy tracks led one among hazels or under
arches of foliage which made of the mid-day sky a cool, golden shimmer.
One such track, abruptly turning round a great rock over the face of
which drooped the boughs of an ash, came upon a little sloping lawn,
which started from a high hazel-covered bank. The bank itself was so
shaped as to afford an easy seat, shaded even when the grass in front
was all sunshine.

Adela had long known this retreat, and had been accustomed to sit here
with Letty, especially when she needed to exchange deep confidences with
her friend. Once, just as they were settling themselves upon the bank,
they were startled by a movement among the leaves above, followed by the
voice of someone addressing them with cheerful friendliness, and making
request to be allowed to descend and join them. It was Hubert Eldon,
just home for the long vacation. Once or twice subsequently the girls
had met Hubert on the same spot; there had been a picnic here, too, in
which Mrs. Eldon and Mrs. Waltham took part. But Adela always thought
of the place as peculiarly her own. To others it was only a delightfully
secluded corner of the wood, fresh and green; for her it had something
intimately dear, as the haunt where she had first met her own self face
to face and had heard the whispering of secrets as if by another voice
to her tremulous heart.

She sat here one morning in July, six months after her marriage. It was
more than a year since she had seen the spot, and on reaching it to-day
it seemed to her less beautiful than formerly; the leafage was to her
eyes thinner and less warm of hue than in earlier years, the grass had
a coarser look and did not clothe the soil so completely. An impulse
had brought her hither, and her first sense on arriving had been one of
disappointment. Was the change in her way of seeing? or had the
retreat indeed suffered, perchance from the smoke of New Wanley? The
disappointment was like that we experience in revisiting a place kept
only in memory since childhood. Adela had not travelled much in the past
year, but her growth in experience had put great tracts between her and
the days when she came here to listen and wonder. It was indeed a memory
of her childhood that led her into the wood.

She had brought with her a German book on Socialism and a little German
dictionary. At the advice of Mr. Westlake, given some months ago on the
occasion of a visit to the Manor, she had applied herself diligently to
this study. But it was not only with a view to using the time that she
had selected these books this morning. In visiting a scene which would
strongly revive the past, instinct--rather than conscious purpose--had
bidden her keep firm hold upon the present. On experiencing her
disillusion a sense of trouble had almost led her to retrace her steps
at once, but she overcame this, and, seating herself on the
familiar bank, began to toil through hard sentences. Such moments of
self-discipline were of daily occurrence in her life; she kept watch and
ward over her feelings and found in efforts of the mind a short way out
of inner conflicts which she durst not suffer to pass beyond the first

Near at hand there grew a silver birch Hubert Eldon, on one of the
occasions when he talked here with Adela and Letty, had by chance let
his eyes wander from Adela to the birch tree, and his fancy, just then
active among tender images, suggested a likeness between that
graceful, gleaming stem with its delicately drooping foliage and
the sweet-featured girl who stood before him with her head bowed in
unconscious loveliness. As the silver birch among the trees of the wood,
so was Adela among the men and women of the world. And to one looking
upon her by chance such a comparison might still have occurred. But in
face she was no longer what she had then been. Her eyebrows, formerly so
smooth and smiling, now constantly drew themselves together as if at a
thought of pain or in some mental exertion. Her cheeks had none of their
maiden colour. Her lips were closed too firmly, and sometimes trembled
like those of old persons who have known much trouble.

In spite of herself her attention flagged from the hard, dull book; the
spirit of the place was too strong for her, and, as in summers gone by,
she was lost in vision. But not with eyes like these had she been
wont to dream on the green branches or on the sward that lay deep in
sunlight. On her raised lids sat the heaviness of mourning; she seemed
to strain her sight to something very far off, something which withdrew
itself from her desire, upon which her soul called and called in vain.
Her cheeks showed their thinness, her brow foretold the lines which
would mark it when she grew old. It was a sob in her throat which called
her back to consciousness, a sob which her lips, well-trained warders,
would not allow to pass.

She forced herself to the book again, and for some minutes plied her
dictionary with feverish zeal. Then there came over her countenance a
strange gleam of joy, as if she triumphed in self-conquest. She smiled
as she continued her work, clearly making a happiness of each mastered
sentence. And, looking up with the smile still fixed, she found that her
solitude was invaded. Letty Tew had just appeared round the rock which
sheltered the green haven.

‘You here, Adela?’ the girl exclaimed. ‘How strange!’

‘Why strange, Letty?’

‘Oh, only because I had a sort of feeling that perhaps I might meet you.
Not here, particularly,’ she added, as if eager to explain herself, ‘but
somewhere in the wood. The day is so fine; it tempts one to walk about.’

Letty did not approach her friend as she would have done when formerly
they met here. Her manner was constrained, almost timid; it seemed an
afterthought when she bent forward for the kiss. Since Adela’s marriage
the intercourse between them had been comparatively slight. For the
first three months they had seen each other only at long intervals, in
part owing to circumstances. After the fortnight she spent in London at
the time of her marriage, Adela had returned to Wanley in far from her
usual state of health; during the first days of February there had been
a fear that she might fall gravely ill. Only in advanced spring had she
begun to go beyond the grounds of the Manor, and it was still unusual
for her to do so except in her carriage. Letty had acquiesced in the
altered relations; she suffered, and for various reasons, but did not
endeavour to revive an intimacy which Adela seemed no longer to desire.
Visits to the Manor were from the first distressing to her; the natural
subjects of conversation were those which both avoided, and to talk in
the manner of mere acquaintances was scarcely possible. Of course this
state of things led to remark. Mrs. Waltham was inclined to suspect
some wrong feeling on Letty’s side, though of what nature it was hard to
determine. Alfred, on the other hand, took his sister’s behaviour ill,
more especially as he felt a distinct change in her manner to himself.
Was the girl going to be spoilt by the possession of wealth? What on
earth did she mean by her reserve, her cold dignity? Wasn’t Letty good
enough for her now that she was lady of the Manor? Letty herself, when
the subject was spoken of, pretended to recognise no change beyond what
was to be expected. So far from being hurt, her love for Adela grew
warmer during these months of seeming estrangement; her only trouble was
that she could not go often and sit by her friend’s side--sit silently,
hand holding hand. That would have been better than speech, which
misled, or at best was inadequate. Meantime she supported herself with
the hope that love might some day again render her worthy of Adela’s
confidence. That her friend was far above her she had always gladly
confessed; she felt it more than ever now that she tried in vain to read
Adela’s secret thoughts. The marriage was a mystery to her; to the last
moment she had prayed that something might prevent it. Yet, now that
Adela was Mrs. Mutimer, she conscientiously put away every thought of
discontent, and only wondered what high motive had dictated the choice
and--for such she knew it must be--the sacrifice.

‘What are you reading?’ Letty asked, sitting down on the bank at a
little distance.

‘It’s hardly to be called reading. I have to look out every other word.
It’s a book by a man called Schaeffle, on the “Social Question.”’

‘Oh yes,’ said the girl, hazarding a conjecture that the work had
something to do with Socialism. ‘Of course that interests you.’

‘I think I’m going to write a translation of it. My husband doesn’t read
German, and this book is important.’

‘I suppose you are quite a Socialist, Adela?’ Letty inquired, in a tone
which seemed anxious to presuppose the affirmative answer. She had never
yet ventured to touch on the subject.

‘Yes, I am a Socialist,’ said Adela firmly. ‘I am sure anyone will be
who thinks about it, and really understands the need for Socialism. Does
the word still sound a little dreadful to you? I remember so well when
it did to me. It was only because I knew nothing about it.’

‘I don’t think I have that excuse,’ said the other. ‘Alfred is
constantly explaining. But, Adela--’

She paused, not quite daring to speak her thoughts. Adela smiled an

‘I was going to say--I’m sure you won’t be offended. But you still go to

‘Oh yes, I go to church. You mustn’t think that everything Alfred
insists upon belongs to Socialism. I believe that all Christians ought
to be Socialists; I think it is part of our religion, if only we carry
it out faithfully.’

‘But does Mr. Wyvern think so?’

‘Yes, he does; he does indeed. I talk with Mr. Wyvern frequently, and I
never knew, before he showed me, how necessary it is for a Christian to
be a Socialist.’

‘You surprise me, Adela. Yet he doesn’t confess himself a Socialist.’

‘Indeed, he does. When did you hear Mr. Wyvern preach a sermon without
insisting on justice and unselfishness and love of our neighbour? If we
try to be just and unselfish, and to love our neighbour as ourself, we
help the cause of Socialism. Mr. Wyvern doesn’t deal with politics--it
is not necessary he should. That is for men like my husband, who give
their lives to the practical work. Mr. Wyvern confines himself to
spiritual teaching. He would injure his usefulness if he went beyond

Letty was awed by the exceeding change which showed itself not only in
Adela’s ways of thought, but in her very voice and manner of speaking.
The tone was so authoritative, so free from the diffidence which had
formerly kept Adela from asserting strongly even her cherished faiths.
She felt, too, that with the maiden hesitancy something else had gone,
at all events in a great degree; something that it troubled her to
miss; namely, that winning persuasiveness which had been one of the
characteristics that made Adela so entirely lovable. At present
Mrs. Mutimer scarcely sought to persuade; she uttered her beliefs as
indubitable. A competent observer might now and then have surmised that
she felt it needful to remind herself of the creed she had accepted.

‘You were smiling when I first caught sight of you,’ Letty said, after
reflecting for a moment. ‘Was it something in the book?’

Adela again smiled.

‘No, something in myself,’ she replied with an air of confidence.

‘Because you are happy, Adela?’

‘Yes, because I am happy.’

‘How glad I am to hear that, dear!’ Letty exclaimed, for the first time
allowing herself to use the affectionate word. ‘You will let me be glad
with you?’

Her hands stole a little forward, but Adela did not notice it; for she
was gazing straight before her, with an agitated look.

‘Yes, I am very happy, I have found something to do in life. I was
afraid at first that I shouldn’t be able to give my husband any help in
his work; I seemed useless. But I am learning, and I hope soon to be of
real use, if only in little things. You know that I have begun to give
a tea to the children every Wednesday? They’re not in need of food and
comforts, I’m glad to say; nobody wants in New Wanley; but it’s nice
to bring them together at the Manor, and teach them to behave gently to
each other, and to sit properly at table, and things like that. Will you
come and see them to-day?’

‘I shall be very pleased.’

‘To-day I’m going to begin something new. After tea we shall have a
reading. Mr. Wyvern sent me a book this morning--“Andersen’s Fairy

‘Oh, I’ve read them. Yes, that’ll do nicely. Read them “The Ugly
Duckling,” Adela; it’s a beautiful story. I thought perhaps you were
going to read something--something instructive, you know.’

Adela laughed. It was Adela’s laugh still, but not what it used to be.

‘No, I want to amuse them. They get enough instruction in school. I hope
soon to give another evening to the older girls. I wonder whether you
would like to come and help me then?’

‘If only you would let me! There is nothing I should like more than to
do something for you.’

‘But you mustn’t do it for me. It must be for the girls’ sake.’

‘Yes, for theirs as well, but ever so much more for yours, dear. You
can’t think how glad I am that you have asked me.’

Again the little hand was put forward, and this time Adela took it.
But she did not soften as she once would have done. With eyes still far
away, she talked for some minutes of the hopes with which her life was
filled. Frequently she made mention of her husband, and always as one to
whom it was a privilege to devote herself. Her voice had little failings
and uncertainties now and then, but this appeared to come of excessive

They rose and walked from the wood together.

‘Alfred wants us to go to Malvern for a fortnight,’ Letty said, when
they were near the gates of the Manor. ‘We were wondering whether you
could come, Adela?’

‘No, I can’t leave Wanley,’ was the reply. ‘My husband’--she never
referred to Mutimer otherwise than by this name--‘spoke of the seaside
the other day, but we decided not to go away at all. There is so much to
be done.’

When Adela went to the drawing-room just before luncheon, she found
Alice Mutimer engaged with a novel. Reading novels had become an
absorbing occupation with Alice. She took them to bed with her so as
to read late, and lay late in the morning for the same reason. She must
have been one of Mr. Mudie’s most diligent subscribers. She had no taste
for walking in the country, and could only occasionally be persuaded
to take a drive. It was not surprising that her face had not quite the
healthy colour of a year ago; there was negligence, too, in her dress,
and she had grown addicted to recumbent attitudes. Between her and Adela
no semblance of friendship had yet arisen, though the latter frequently
sought to substitute a nearer relation for superficial friendliness.
Alice never exhibited anything short of good-will, but her first
impressions were lasting; she suspected her sister-in-law of a desire to
patronise, and was determined to allow nothing of the kind. With a more
decided character, Alice’s prepossessions would certainly have made life
at the Manor anything but smooth; as it was, nothing ever occurred to
make unpleasantness worth her while. Besides, when not buried in
her novels, she gave herself up to absentmindedness; Adela found
conversation with her almost impossible, for Alice would answer a remark
with a smiling ‘Yes’ or ‘No,’ and at once go off into dreamland, so that
one hesitated to disturb her.

‘What time is it?’ she inquired, when she became aware of Adela moving
about the room.

‘All but half-past one.’

‘Really? I suppose I must go and get ready for lunch. What a pity we
can’t do without meals!’

‘You should go out in the morning and get an appetite. Really, you are
getting very pale, Alice. I’m sure you read far too much.’

Adela had it on her lips to say ‘too many novels,’ but was afraid to
administer a direct rebuke.

‘Oh, I like reading, and I don’t care a bit for going out.’

‘What about your practising?’ Adela asked, with a playful shake of the

‘Yes, I know it’s very neglectful, but really it is such awful work.’

‘And your French?’

‘I’ll make a beginning to-morrow. At least, I think I will. I don’t
neglect things wilfully, but it’s so awfully hard to really get at it
when the time comes.’

The luncheon-bell rang, and Alice, with a cry of dismay, sped to her
room. She knew that her brother was to lunch at home to-day, and Richard
was terrible in the matter of punctuality.

As Soon as the meal was over Alice hastened back to her low chair in the
drawing-room. Richard and his wife went together into the garden.

‘What do you think Rodman’s been advising me this morning?’ Mutimer
said, speaking with a cigar in his mouth. ‘It’s a queer idea; I don’t
quite know what to think of it. You know there’ll be a general election
some time next year, and he advises me to stand for Belwick.’

He did not look at his wife. Coming to a garden-seat, he put up one foot
upon it, and brushed the cigar ash against the back. Adela sat down; she
had not replied at once, and was thoughtful.

‘As a Socialist candidate?’ she asked, when at length he turned his eyes
to her.

‘Well, I don’t know. Radical rather, I should think. It would come to
the same thing, of course, and there’d be no use in spoiling the thing
for the sake of a name.’

Adela had a Japanese fan in her hand; she put it against her forehead,
and still seemed to consider.

‘Do you think you could find time for Parliament?’

‘That has to be thought of, of course; but by then I should think we
might arrange it. There’s not much that Rodman can’t see to.’

‘You are inclined to think of it?’

Adela’s tone to her husband was not one of tenderness, but of studious
regard and deference. She very seldom turned her eyes to his, but there
was humility in her bent look. If ever he and she began to speak at the
same time, she checked herself instantly, and Mutimer had no thought
of giving her precedence. This behaviour in his wife struck him as
altogether becoming.

‘I almost think I am,’ he replied. ‘I’ve a notion I could give them an
idea or two at Westminster. It would be news to them to hear a man say
what he really thinks.’

Adela smiled faintly, but said nothing.

‘Would you like me to be in Parliament?’ Richard asked, putting down his
foot and leaning back his head a little.

‘Certainly, if you feel that it is a step gained.’

‘That’s just what I think it would be. Well, we must talk about it
again. By-the-by, I’ve just had to send a fellow about his business.’

‘To discharge a man?’ Adela asked, with pain.

‘Yes. It’s that man Rendal; I was talking about him the other day,
you remember. He’s been getting drunk; I’ll warrant it’s not the first

‘And you really must send him away? Couldn’t you give him another

‘No. He was impudent to me, and I can’t allow that. He’ll have to go.’

Richard spoke with decision. When the fact of impudence was disclosed
Adela felt that it was useless to plead. She looked at her fan and was

‘So you are going to read to the youngsters to-day?’ Mutimer

‘Yes; Mr. Wyvern has given me a book that will do very well indeed.’

‘Oh, has he?’ said Richard doubtfully. ‘Is it a religious book? That
kind of thing won’t do, you know.’

‘No, it isn’t religious at all. Only a book of fairy tales.’

‘Fairy tales!’ There was scorn in his way of repeating the words.
‘Couldn’t you find something useful? A history book, you know, or about
animals, or something of that kind. We mustn’t encourage them in idle
reading. And that reminds me of Alice. You really must get her away from
those novels. I can’t make out what’s come to the girl. She seems to
be going off her head. Did you notice at lunch?--she didn’t seem to
understand what I said to her. Do try and persuade her to practise, if
nothing else.’

‘I am afraid to do more than just advise in a pleasant way,’ said Adela.

‘Well, I shall lose my temper with her before long.’

‘How is Harry doing? ‘Adela asked, to pass over the difficult subject.

‘He’s an idle scamp! If some one ‘ud give him a good thrashing, that’s
what _he_ wants.’

‘Shall I ask him to dinner to-morrow?’

‘You can if you like, of course,’ Richard replied with hesitation. ‘I
shouldn’t have thought you cared much about having him.’

‘Oh, I am always very glad to have him. I have meant to ask you to let
him dine with us oftener. I am so afraid he should think we neglect him,
and that would be sure to have a bad effect.’

Mutimer looked at her with satisfaction, and assented to her reasoning.

‘But about the fairy tales,’ Adela said presently, when Richard had
finished his cigar and was about to return to the works. ‘Do you
seriously object to them? Of course I could find another book.’

‘What do _you_ think? I am rather surprised that Wyvern suggested
reading of that kind; he generally has good ideas.’

‘I fancy he wished to give the children a better kind of amusement,’
said Adela, with hesitation.

‘A better kind, eh? Well, do as you like. I dare say it’s no great

‘But if you really--’

‘No, no; read the tales. I dare say they wouldn’t listen to a better

It was not very encouraging, but Adela ventured to abide by the vicar’s
choice. She went to her own sitting-room and sought the story that Letty
had spoken of. From ‘The Ugly Duckling’ she was led on to the story of
the mermaid, from that to the enchanted swans. The book had never been
in her hands before, and the delight she received from it was of a kind
quite new to her. She had to make an effort to close it and turn to her
specified occupations. For Adela had so systematised her day that no
minute’s margin was left for self-indulgence. Her reading was serious
study. If ever she was tempted to throw open one of the volumes which
Alice left about, a glance at the pages was enough to make her push it
away as if it were impure. She had read very few stories of any kind,
and of late had felt a strong inclination towards such literature;
the spectacle of Alice’s day-long absorption was enough to excite
her curiosity, even if there had not existed other reasons. But these
longings for a world of romance she crushed down as unworthy of a woman
to whom life had revealed its dread significances: and, though she
but conjectured the matter and tone of the fiction Alice delighted in,
instinctive fear would alone have restrained her from it. For pleasure
in the ordinary sense she did not admit into her scheme of existence;
the season for that had gone by. Henceforth she must think, and work,
and pray. Therefore she had set herself gladly to learn German; it was
a definite task to which such and such hours could be devoted, and the
labour would strengthen her mini Her ignorance she represented as a
great marsh which by toil had to be filled up and converted into solid
ground. She had gone through the library catalogue and made a list
of books which seemed needful to be read; and Mr. Wyvern had been of
service in guiding her, as well as in lending volumes from his own
shelves. The vicar, indeed, had surprised her by the zealous kindness
with which he entered into all her plans; at first she had talked to him
with apprehension, remembering that chance alone had prevented her from
appealing to him to save her from this marriage. But Mr. Wyvern, with
whose philosophy we have some acquaintance, exerted himself to make
the best of the irremediable, and Adela already owed him much for his
unobtrusive moral support. Even Mutimer was putting aside his suspicions
and beginning to believe that the clergyman would have openly encouraged
Socialism had his position allowed him to do so. He was glad to see his
wife immersed in grave historical and scientific reading; he said to
himself that in this way she would be delivered from her religious
prejudices, and some day attain to ‘free thought.’ Adela as yet had no
such end in view, but already she understood that her education, in the
serious sense, was only now beginning. As a girl, her fate had been that
of girls in general; when she could write without orthographical errors,
and could play by rote a few pieces of pianoforte music, her education
had been pronounced completed. In the profound moral revolution which
her nature had recently undergone her intellect also shared; when
the first numbing shock had spent itself, she felt the growth of an
intellectual appetite formerly unknown. Resolutely setting herself
to exalt her husband, she magnified his acquirements, and, as a duty,
directed her mind to the things he deemed of importance. One of her
impulses took the form of a hope which would have vastly amused Richard
had he divined it. Adela secretly trusted that some day her knowledge
might be sufficient to allow her to cope with her husband’s religious
scepticism. It was significant that she could face in this way the
great difficulty of her life; the stage at which it seemed sufficient
to iterate creeds was already behind her. Probably Mr. Wyvern’ 5
conversation was not without its effect in aiding her to these larger
views, but she never spoke to him on the subject directly. Her
native dignity developed itself with her womanhood, and one of the
characteristics of the new Adela was a reserve which at times seemed to
indicate coldness or even spiritual pride.

The weather made it possible to spread the children’s tea in the open
air. At four o’clock Letty came, and was quietly happy in being allowed
to superintend one of the tables. Adela was already on affectionate
terms with many of the little ones, though others regarded her with awe
rather than warmth of confidence. This was strange, when we remember how
childlike she had formerly been with children. But herein, too, there
was a change; she could not now have caught up Letty’s little sister and
trotted with her about the garden as she was used to do. She could no
longer smile in the old simple, endearing way; it took some time before
a child got accustomed to her eyes and lips. Her movements, though
graceful as ever, were subdued to matronly gravity; never again would
Adela turn and run down the hill, as after that meeting with Hubert
Eldon. But her sweetness was in the end irresistible to all who came
within the circle of its magic. You saw its influence in Letty, whose
eyes seemed never at rest save when they were watching Adela, who sprang
to her side with delight if the faintest sign did but summon her. You
saw its influence, moreover, when, the tea over, the children ranged
themselves on the lawn to hear her read. After the first few sentences,
everywhere was profoundest attention; the music of her sweetly modulated
voice, the art which she learnt only from nature, so allied themselves
with the beauty of the pages she read that from beginning to end not a
movement interrupted her.

Whilst she was reading a visitor presented himself at the Manor, and
asked if Mrs. Mutimer was at home. The servant explained how and where
Mrs. Mutimer was engaged, for the party was held in a quarter of the
garden hidden from the approach to the front door.

‘Is Miss Mutimer within?’ was the visitor’s next inquiry.

Receiving an affirmative reply, he begged that Miss Mutimer might be
informed of Mr. Keene’s desire to see her. And Mr. Keene was led to the

Alice was reposing on a couch; she did not trouble herself to rise when
the visitor entered, but held a hand to him, at the same time scarcely
suppressing a yawn. Novel reading has a tendency to produce this
expression of weariness. Then she smiled, as one does in greeting an old

‘Who ever would have expected to see you!’ she began, drawing away her
hand when it seemed to her that Mr. Keene had detained it quite long
enough. ‘Does Dick expect you?’

‘Your brother does not expect me, Miss Mutimer,’ Keene replied.
He invariably began conversation with her in a severely formal and
respectful tone, and to-day there was melancholy in his voice.

‘You’ve just come on your own--because you thought you would?’

‘I have come because I could not help it, Miss Mutimer. It is more than
a month since I had the happiness of seeing you.’

He stood by the couch, his body bent in deference, his eyes regarding
her with melancholy homage.

‘Mrs. Mutimer has a tea-party of children from New Wanley,’ said Alice
with a provoking smile. ‘Won’t you go and join them? She’s reading to
them, I believe; no doubt it’s something that would do you good.’

‘Of course I will go if you send me. I would go anywhere at your

‘Then please do. Turn to the right when you get out into the garden.’

Keene stood for an instant with his eyes on the ground, then sighed
deeply--groaned, in fact--smote his breast, and marched towards the
door like a soldier at drill. As soon as he had turned his back Alice
gathered herself from the couch, and, as soon as she stood upright,
called to him.

‘Mr. Keene!’

He halted and faced round.

‘You needn’t go unless you like, you know.’

He almost ran towards her.

‘Just ring the bell, will you? I want some tea, and I’ll give you a cup
if you care for it.’

She took a seat, and indicated with a finger the place where he might
repose. It was at a three yards’ distance. Then they talked as they
were wont to, with much coquetry on Alice’s side, and on Keene’s always
humble submissiveness tempered with glances and sighs. They drank tea,
and Keene used the opportunity of putting down his cup to take a nearer

‘Miss Mutimer--’


‘Is there any hope for me? You remember you said I was to wait a month,
and I’ve waited longer.’

‘Yes, you have been very good,’ said Alice, smiling loftily.

‘Is there any hope for me?’ he repeated, with an air of encouragement.

‘Less than ever,’ was the girl’s reply, lightly given, indeed, but not
to be mistaken for a jest.

‘You mean that? Come, now, you don’t really mean that? There must be, at
all events, as much hope as before.’

‘There isn’t. There never was so little hope. There’s no hope at all,
_not a scrap_!’

She pressed her lips and looked at him with a grave face. He too became
grave, and in a changed way.

‘I am not to take this seriously?’ he asked with bated breath.

‘You are. There’s not one scrap of hope, and it’s better you should know

‘Then--there--there must be somebody else?’ he groaned, his distress no
longer humorous.

Alice continued to look him in the face for a moment, and at length
nodded twice.

‘There _is_ somebody else?’

She nodded three times.

‘Then I’ll go. Good-bye, Miss Mutimer. Yes, I’ll go.’

He did not offer to shake hands, but bowed and moved away dejectedly.

‘But you’re not going back to London?’ Alice asked.


‘You’d better not do that. They’ll know you’ve called. You’d far better
stay and see Dick; don’t you think so?’

He shook his head and still moved towards the door.

‘Mr. Keene!’ Alice raised her voice. ‘Please do as I tell you. It isn’t
my fault, and I don’t see why you should pay no heed to me all at once.
Will you attend to me, Mr. Keene?’

‘What do you wish me to do?’ he asked, only half turning.

‘To go and see Mrs. Mutimer in the garden, and accept her invitation to

‘I haven’t got a dress-suit,’ he groaned.

‘No matter. If you go away I’ll never speak to you again, and you know
you wouldn’t like that.’

He gazed at her miserably--his face was one which lent itself to a
miserable expression, and the venerable appearance of his frockcoat and
light trousers filled in the picture of mishap.

‘Have you been joking with me?’

‘No, I’ve been telling you the truth. But that’s no reason why you
should break loose all at once. Please do as I tell you; go to the
garden now and stop to dinner. I am not accustomed to ask a thing

She was almost serious. Keene smiled in a sickly way, bowed, and went to
do her bidding.


Among the little girls who had received invitations to the tea-party
were two named Rendal, the children of the man whose dismissal from New
Wanley had been announced by Mutimer. Adela was rather surprised to see
them in the garden. They were eight and nine years old respectively,
and she noticed that both had a troubled countenance, the elder showing
signs of recent tears. She sought them out particularly for kind words
during tea-time. After the reading she noticed them standing apart,
talking to each other earnestly; she saw also that they frequently
glanced at her. It occurred to her that they might wish to say something
and had a difficulty in approaching. She went to them, and a question or
two soon led the elder girl to disclose that she was indeed desirous
of speaking in private. Giving a hand to each, she drew them a little
apart. Then both children began to cry, and the elder sobbed out a
pitiful story. Their mother was wretchedly ill and had sent them to
implore Mrs. Mutimer’s good word that the father might be allowed
another chance. It was true he had got drunk--the words sounded terrible
to Adela from the young lips--but he vowed that henceforth he would
touch no liquor. It was ruin to the family to be sent away; Rendal might
not find work for long enough; there would be nothing for it but to
go to a Belwick slum as long as their money lasted, and thence to the
workhouse. For it was well understood that no man who had worked at New
Wanley need apply to the ordinary employers; they would have nothing to
do with him. The mother would have come herself, but could not walk the

Adela was pierced with compassion.

‘I will do my best,’ she said, as soon as she could trust her voice. ‘I
promise you I will do my best.’

She could not say more, and the children evidently hoped she would
have been able to grant their father’s pardon forthwith. They had to
be content with Adela’s promise, which did not sound very cheerful, but
meant more than they could understand.

She could not do more than give such a promise, and even as she spoke
there was a coldness about her heart. The coldness became a fear when
she met her husband on his return from the works. Richard was not in
the same good temper as at mid-day. He was annoyed to find Keene in
the house--of late he had grown to dislike the journalist very
cordially--and he had heard that the Rendal children had been to the
party, which enraged him. You remember he accused the man of impudence
in addition to the offence of drunkenness. Rendal, foolishly joking in
his cups, had urged as extenuation of his own weakness the well-known
fact that ‘Arry Mutimer had been seen one evening unmistakably
intoxicated in the street of Wanley village. Someone reported these
words to Richard, and from that moment it was all over with the Rendals.

Adela, in her eagerness to plead, quite forgot (or perhaps she had never
known) that with a certain order of men it is never wise to prefer a
request immediately before dinner. She was eager, too, to speak at once;
a fear, which she would not allow to become definite, drove her upon the
undertaking without delay. Meeting Richard on the stairs she begged him
to come to her room.

‘What is it?’ he asked with small ceremony, as soon as the door closed
behind him.

She mastered her voice, and spoke with a sweet clearness of advocacy
which should have moved his heart to proud and noble obeisance. Mutimer
was not very accessible to such emotions.

‘It’s like the fellow’s impertinence,’ he said, ‘to send his children to
you. I’m rather surprised you let them stay after what I had told you.
Certainly I shall not overlook it. The thing’s finished I it’s no good
talking about it.’

The fear had passed, but the coldness about her heart was more deadly.
For a moment it seemed as if she could not bring herself to utter
another word; she drew apart, she could not raise her face, which was
beautiful in marble pain. But there came a rush of such hot anguish as
compelled her to speak again. Something more than the fate of that poor
family was at stake. Is not the quality of mercy indispensable to true
nobleness? Had she voiced her very thought, Adela would have implored
him to exalt himself in her eyes, to do a good deed which cost him some
little effort over himself. For she divined with cruel certainty that it
was not the principle that made him unyielding.

‘Richard, are you sure that the man has offended before?’

‘Oh, of course he has. I’ve no doubt of it. I remember feeling uncertain
when I admitted him first of all. I didn’t like his look.’

‘But you have not really had to complain of him before. Your suspicions
_may_ be groundless. And he has a good wife, I feel sure of that. The
children are very clean and nicely dressed. She will help him to avoid
drink in future. It is impossible for him to fail again, now that
he knows how dreadful the results will be to his wife and his little

‘Pooh! What does he care about them? If I begin letting men off in that
way, I shall be laughed at. There’s an end of my authority. Don’t bother
your head about them. I must go and get ready for dinner.’

An end of _my_ authority. Yes, was it not the intelligence of her maiden
heart returning to her? She had no pang from the mere refusal of a
request of hers; Richard had never affected tenderness--not what she
understood as tenderness--and she did not expect it of him. The union
between them had another basis. But the understanding of his motives was
so terribly distinct in her! It had come all at once; it was like the
exposure of something dreadful by the sudden raising of a veil. And had
she not known what the veil covered? Yet for the poor people’s sake, for
his own sake, she must try the woman’s argument.

‘Do you refuse me, Richard? I will be guarantee for him. I promise you
he shall not offend again. He shall apologise humbly to you for his--his
words. You won’t really refuse me?’

‘What nonsense! How can you promise for him, Adela? Ask for something
reasonable, and you may be sure I shan’t refuse you. The fellow has
to go as a warning. It mustn’t be thought we’re only playing at making
rules. I can’t talk any more; I shall keep dinner waiting.’

Pride helped her to show a smooth face through the evening, and in the
night she conquered herself anew. She expelled those crying children
from her mind; she hardened her heart against their coming misery. It
was wrong to judge her husband so summarily; nay, she had not judged
him, but had given way to a wicked impulse, without leaving herself
a moment to view the case. Did he not understand better than she
what measures were necessary to the success of his most difficult
undertaking? And then was it certain that expulsion meant ruin to the
Rendals? Richard would insist on the letter of the regulations, just, as
he said, for the example’s sake; but of course he would see that the man
was put in the way of getting new employment and did not suffer in the
meantime. In the morning she made atonement to her husband.

‘I was wrong in annoying you yesterday,’ she said as she walked with him
from the house to the garden gate. ‘In such things you are far better
able to judge. You won’t let it trouble you?’

It was a form of asceticism; Adela had a joy in humbling herself and
crushing her rebel instincts. She even raised her eyes to interrogate
him. On Richard’s face was an uneasy smile, a look of puzzled
reflection. It gratified him intensely to hear such words, yet he could
not hear them without the suspicions of a vulgar nature brought in
contact with nobleness.

‘Well, yes,’ he replied, ‘I think you were a bit too hasty: you’re not
practical, you see. It wants a practical man to manage those kind of

The reply was not such as completes the blessedness of pure submission.
Adela averted her eyes. Another woman would perchance have sought
to assure herself that she was right in crediting him with private
benevolence to the family he was compelled to visit so severely. Such
a question Adela could not ask. It would have been to betray doubt; she
imagined a replying glance which would shame her. To love, to honour, to
obey:--many times daily she repeated to herself that threefold vow, and
hitherto the first article had most occupied her striving heart. But she
must not neglect the second; perhaps it came first in natural order.

At the gate Richard nodded to her kindly.

‘Good-bye. Be a good girl.’

What was it that caused a painful flutter at her heart as he spoke so?
She did not answer, but watched him for a few moments as he walked away.

Did _he_ love _her_? The question which she had not asked herself for a
long time came of that heart-tremor. She had been living so unnatural
a life for a newly wedded woman, a life in which the intellect and the
moral faculties held morbid predominance. ‘Be a good girl.’ How was it
that the simple phrase touched her to emotion quite different in kind
from any thing she had known since her marriage, more deeply than any
enthusiasm, as with a comfort more sacred than any she had known in
prayer? As she turned to go back to the house a dizziness affected her
eyes; she had to stand still for a moment. Involuntarily she clasped her
hands upon her bosom and looked away into the blue summer sky. Did
he love her? She had never asked him that, and all at once she felt a
longing to hasten after him and utter the question. Would he know what
she meant?

Was it the instantaneous reward for having conscientiously striven
to honour him? That there should be love on his side had not hitherto
seemed of so much importance; probably she had taken it for granted; she
had been so preoccupied with her own duties. Yet now it had all at once
become of moment that she should know. ‘Be a good girl.’ She repeated
the words over and over again, and made much of them. Perhaps she had
given him no opportunity, no encouragement, to say all he felt; she knew
him to be reserved in many things.

As she entered the house the dizziness again troubled her. But it passed
as before.

Mr. Keene, who had stayed over-night, was waiting to take leave of her;
the trap which would carry him to Agworth station had just driven up.
Adela surprised the poor journalist by the warmth with which she shook
his hand, and the kindness of her farewell. She was not deceived as
to the motive of his visit, and just now she allowed herself to feel
sympathy for him, though in truth she did not like the man.

This morning she could not settle to her work. The dreaming mood was
upon her, and she appeared rather to encourage it, seeking a quiet
corner of the garden and watching for a whole hour the sun-dappled trunk
of a great elm. At times her face seemed itself to be a source of light,
so vivid were the thoughts that transformed it Her eyes were moist once
or twice, and then no dream of artist-soul ever embodied such passionate
loveliness, such holy awe, as came to view upon her countenance. At
lunch she was almost silent, but Alice, happening to glance at her,
experienced a surprise; she had never seen Adela so beautiful and so
calmly bright.

After lunch she attired herself for walking, and went to the village to
see her mother. Lest Mrs. Waltham should be lonely, it had been arranged
that Alfred should come home every evening, instead of once a week. Even
thus, Adela had frequently reproached herself for neglecting her mother.
Mrs. Waltham, however, enjoyed much content. The material comforts
of her life were considerably increased, and she had many things in
anticipation. Adela’s unsatisfactory health rendered it advisable that
the present year should pass in quietness, but Mrs. Waltham had made up
her mind that before long there should be a house in London, with the
delights appertaining thereto. She did not feel herself at all too old
to enjoy the outside view of a London season; more than that it would
probably be difficult to obtain just yet. To-day she was in excellent
spirits, and welcomed her daughter exuberantly.

‘You haven’t seen Letty yet?’ she asked. ‘To-day, I mean.’

‘No. Has she some news for me?’

‘Alfred has an excellent chance of promotion. That old Wilkinson is
dead, and he thinks there’s no doubt he’ll get the place. It would be
two hundred and fifty a year.’

‘That’s good news, indeed.’

Of course it would mean Letty’s immediate marriage. Mrs. Waltham
discussed the prospect in detail. No doubt the best and simplest
arrangement would be for the pair to live on in the same house. For the
present, of course. Alfred was now firm on the commercial ladder, and in
a few years his income would doubtless be considerable; then a dwelling
of a very different kind could be found. With the wedding, too, she was
occupying her thoughts.

‘Yours was not quite what it ought to have been, Adela. I felt it at the
time, but then things were done in such a hurry. Of course the church
must be decorated. The breakfast you will no doubt arrange to have at
the Manor. Letty ought to have a nice, a really nice _trousseau_; I know
you will be kind to her, my dear.’

As Alice had done, Mrs. Waltham noticed before long that Adela was far
brighter than usual. She remarked upon it.

‘You begin to look really well, my love. It makes me happy to see you.
How much we have to be thankful for! I’ve had a letter this morning from
poor Lizzie Henbane; I must show it you. They’re in such misery as never
was. Her husband’s business is all gone to nothing, and he is cruelly
unkind to her. How thankful we ought to be!’

‘Surely not for poor Lizzie’s unhappiness!’ said Adela, with a return of
her maiden archness.

‘On our own account, my dear. We have had so much to contend against.
At one time, just after your poor father’s death, things looked very
cheerless: I used to fret dreadfully on your account. But everything,
you see, was for the best.’

Adela had something to say and could not find the fitting moment. She
first drew her chair a little nearer to her mother.

‘Yes, mother, I am happy,’ she murmured.

‘Silly child! As if I didn’t know best. It’s always the same, but _you_
had the good sense to trust to my experience.’

Adela slipped from her seat and put her arms about her mother.

‘What is it, dear?’

The reply was whispered. Adela’s embrace grew closer; her face was
hidden, and all at once she began to sob.

‘Love me, mother! Love me, dear mother!’

Mrs. Waltham beamed with real tenderness. For half an hour they talked
as mother and child alone can. Then Adela walked back to the Manor,
still dreaming. She did not feel able to call and see Letty.

There was an afternoon postal delivery at Wanley, and the postman had
just left the Manor as Adela returned. Alice, who for a wonder had been
walking in the garden, saw the man going away, and, thinking it possible
there might be a letter for her, entered the house to look. Three
letters lay on the hall table; two were for Richard, the other was
addressed to Mrs. Mutimer. This envelope Alice examined curiously. Whose
writing could that be? She certainly knew it; it was a singular hand,
stiff, awkward, untrained. Why, it was the writing of Emma’s sister,
Kate, Mrs. Clay. Not a doubt of it. Alice had received a note from Mrs.
Clay at the time of Jane Vine’s death, and remembered comparing the hand
with her own and blessing herself that at all events she wrote with an
elegant slope, and not in that hideous upright scrawl. The post-mark?
Yes, it was London, E.C. But if Kate addressed a letter to Mrs. Mutimer
it must be with sinister design, a design not at all difficult to
imagine. Alice had a temptation. To take this letter and either open
it herself or give it secretly to her brother? But the servant might
somehow make it known that such a letter had arrived.

‘Anything for me, Alice?’

It was Adela’s voice. She had approached unheard; Alice was so intent
upon her thoughts.

‘Yes, one letter.’

There was no help for it. Alice glanced at her sister-in-law, and
strolled away again into the garden.

Adela examined the envelope. She could not conjecture from whom the
letter came; certainly from some illiterate person. Was it for her
husband? Was not the ‘Mrs.’ a mistake for ‘Mr.’ or perhaps mere
ill-writing that deceived the eye? No, the prefix was so very distinct.
She opened the envelope where she stood.

‘Mrs. Mutimer, I dare say you don’t know me nor my name, but I write
to you because I think it only right as you should know the truth about
your husband, and because me and my sister can’t go on any longer as
we are. My sister’s name is Emma Vine. She was engaged to be married to
Richard M. two years before he knew you, and to the last he put her
off with make-believe and promises, though it was easy to see what was
meant. And when our sister Jane was on her very death-bed, which she
died not a week after he married you, and I know well as it was grief as
killed her. And now we haven’t got enough to eat for Emma and me and
my two little children, for I am a widow myself. But that isn’t all.
Because he found that his friends in Hoxton was crying shame on him, he
got it said as Emma had misbehaved herself, which was a cowardly lie,
and all to protect himself. And now Emma is that ill she can’t work;
it’s come upon her all at once, and what’s going to happen God knows.
And his own mother cried shame on him, and wouldn’t live no longer in
the big house in Highbury. He offered us money--I will say so much--but
Emma was too proud, and wouldn’t hear of it. And then he went giving her
a bad name. What do you think of your husband now, Mrs. Mutimer? I don’t
expect nothing, but it’s only right you should know. Emma wouldn’t take
anything, not if she was dying of starvation, but I’ve got my children
to think of. So that’s all I have to say, and I’m glad I’ve said
it.--Yours truly, KATE CLAY.’

Adela remained standing for a few moments when she had finished the
letter, then went slowly to her room.

Alice returned from the garden in a short time. In passing through the
hall she looked again at the two letters which remained. Neither of them
had a sinister appearance; being addressed to the Manor they probably
came from personal friends. She went to the drawing-room and glanced
around for Adela, but the room was empty. Richard would not be home for
an hour yet; she took up a novel and tried to pass the time so, but she
had a difficulty in fixing her attention. In the end she once more left
the house, and, after a turn or two on the lawn, strolled out of the

She met her brother a hundred yards along the road. The sight of her
astonished him.

‘What’s up now, Princess?’ he exclaimed. ‘House on fire? Novels run

‘Something that I expect you won’t care to hear. Who do you think’s been
writing to Adela? Someone in London.’

Richard stayed his foot, and looked at his sister with the eyes which
suggested disagreeable possibilities.

‘Who do you mean?’ he asked briefly. ‘Not mother?’

The change in him was very sudden. He had been merry and smiling.

‘No; worse than that. She’s got a letter from Kate.’

‘From Kate? Emma’s sister?’ he asked in a low voice of surprise which
would have been dismay had he not governed himself.

‘I saw it on the hall table; I remember her writing well enough. Just as
I was looking at it Adela came in.’

‘Have you seen her since?’

Alice shook her head. She had this way of saving words. Richard walked
on. His first movement of alarm had passed, and now he affected to take
the matter with indifference. During the week immediately following his
marriage he had been prepared for this very incident; the possibility
had been one of the things he faced with a certain recklessness. But
impunity had set his mind at ease, and the news in the first instant
struck him with a trepidation which a few minutes’ thought greatly
allayed. By a mental process familiar enough he at first saw the
occurrence as he had seen it in the earlier days of his temptation,
when his sense of honour yet gave him frequent trouble; he had to exert
himself to recover his present standpoint. At length he smiled.

‘Just like that woman,’ he said, turning half an eye on Alice.

‘If she means trouble, you’ll have it,’ returned the girl sententiously.

‘Well, it’s no doubt over by this time.’

‘Over? Beginning, I should say,’ remarked Alice, swinging her parasol at
a butterfly.

They finished their walk to the house in silence, and Richard went
at once to his dressing-room. Here he sat down. After all, his mental
disquiet was not readily to be dismissed; it even grew as he speculated
and viewed likelihoods from all sides. Probably Kate had made a complete
disclosure. How would it affect Adela?

You must not suppose that his behaviour in the case of the man Rendal
had argued disregard for Adela’s opinion of him. Richard was incapable
of understanding how it struck his wife, that was all. If he reflected
on the matter, no doubt he was very satisfied with himself, feeling that
he had displayed a manly resolution and consistency. But the present
difficulty was grave. Whatever Adela might say, there could be no doubt
as to her thought; she would henceforth--yes, despise him. That cut his
thick skin to the quick; his nature was capable of smarting when thus
assailed. For he had by no means lost his early reverence for Adela;
nay, in a sense it had increased. His primitive ideas on woman had
undergone a change since his marriage. Previously he had considered a
wife in the light of property; intellectual or moral independence he
could not attribute to her. But he had learnt that Adela was by no means
his chattel. He still knew diffidence when he was inclined to throw a
joke at her, and could not take her hand without involuntary respect--a
sensation which occasionally irritated him. A dim inkling of what
was meant by woman’s strength and purity had crept into his mind; he
knew--in his heart he knew--that he was unworthy to touch her garment.
And, to face the whole truth, he all but loved her; that was the meaning
of his mingled sentiments with regard to her. A danger of losing her in
the material sense would have taught him that better than he as yet knew
it; the fear of losing her respect was not attributable solely to his
restless egoism. He had wedded her in quite another frame of mind than
that in which he now found himself when he thought of her. He cared
much for the high opinion of people in general; Adela was all but
indispensable to him. When he said, ‘My wife,’ he must have been
half-conscious that the word bore a significance different from that he
had contemplated. On the lips of those among whom he had grown up the
word is desecrated, or for the most part so; it has contemptible, and
ridiculous, and vile associations, scarcely ever its true meaning.
Formerly he would have laughed at the thought of standing in awe of his
wife; nay, he could not have conceived the possibility of such a thing;
it would have appeared unnatural, incompatible with the facts of wedded
life. Yet he sat here and almost dreaded to enter her presence.

A man of more culture might have thought: A woman cannot in her heart
be revolted because another has been cast off for her. Mutimer could not
reason so far. It would have been reasoning inapplicable to Adela, but
from a certain point of view it might have served as a resource. Richard
could only accept his instincts.

But it was useless to postpone the interview; come of it what would, he
must have it over and done with. He could not decide how to speak
until he knew what the contents of Kate’s letter were. He was nervously
anxious to know.

Adela sat in her boudoir, with a book open on her lap. After the first
glance on his entering she kept her eyes down. He sauntered up and stood
before her in an easy attitude.

‘Who has been writing to you from London?’ he at once asked, abruptly in
consequence of the effort to speak without constraint.

Adela was not prepared for such a question. She remembered all at once
that Alice had seen the letter as it lay on the table. Why had Alice
spoken to her brother about it? There could be only one explanation of
that, and of his coming thus directly. She raised her eyes for a moment,
and a slight shock seemed to affect her.

She was unconscious how long she delayed her reply.

‘Can’t you tell me?’ Richard said, with more roughness than he intended.
He was suffering, and suffering affected his temper.

Adela drew the letter from her pocket and in silence handed it to him.
He read it quickly, and, before the end was reached, had promptly chosen
his course.

‘What do you think of this?’ was his question, as he folded the
letter and rolled it in his hand. He was smiling, and enjoyed complete

‘I cannot think,’ fell from Adela’s lips. ‘I am waiting for jour words.’

He noticed at length, now he was able to inspect her calmly, that she
looked faint, pain-stricken.

‘Alice told me who had written to you,’ Richard pursued, in his frankest
tones. ‘It was well she saw the letter; you might have said nothing.’

‘That would have been very unjust to you,’ said Adela in a low regular
voice. ‘I could only have done that if--if I had believed it.’

‘You don’t altogether believe it, then?’

She looked at him with full eyes and made answer:

‘You are my husband.’

It echoed in his ears; not to many men does it fall to hear those words
so spoken. Another would have flung himself at her feet and prayed to
her. Mutimer only felt a vast relief, mingled with gratitude. The man
all but flattered himself that she had done him justice.

‘Well, you are quite right,’ he spoke. ‘It isn’t true, and if you knew
this woman you would understand the whole affair. I dare say you can
gather a good deal from the way she writes. It’s true enough that I was
engaged to her sister, but it was broken off before I knew you, and for
the reasons she says here. I’m not going to talk to you about things of
that kind; I dare say you wouldn’t care to hear them. Of course she says
I made it all up. Do you think I’m the kind of man to do that?’

Perhaps she did not know that she was gazing at him. The question
interrupted her in a train of thought which was going on in her mind
even while she listened. She was asking herself why, when they were in
London, he had objected to a meeting between her and his mother. He had
said his mother was a crotchety old woman who could not make up her mind
to the changed circumstances, and was intensely prejudiced against women
above her own class. Was that a very convincing description? She had
accepted it at the time, but now, after reading this letter--? But could
any man speak with that voice and that look, and lie? Her agitation grew
intolerable. Answer she must; could she, could she say ‘No’ with truth?
Answer she must, for he waited. In the agony of striving for voice there
came upon her once more that dizziness of the morning, but in a more
severe form. She struggled, felt her breath failing, tried to rise, and
fell back unconscious.

At the same time Alice was sitting in the drawing-room, in conversation
with Mr. Willis Rodman. ‘Arry having been invited for this evening,
Rodman was asked with him, as had been the case before. ‘Arry was at
present amusing himself in the stables, exchanging sentiments with the
groom. Rodman sat near Alice, or rather he knelt upon a chair, so that
at any moment he could assume a standing attitude before her. He talked
in a low voice.

‘You’ll come out to-night?’

‘No, not to-night. You must speak to him to-night.’

Rodman mused.

‘Why shouldn’t you?’ resumed the girl eagerly, in a tone as unlike that
she used to Mr. Keene as well could be. She was in earnest; her eyes
never moved from her companion’s face; her lips trembled. ‘Why should
you put it off? I can’t see why we keep it a secret. Dick can’t have
a word to say against it; you know he can’t. Tell him to-night after
dinner. Do! do!’

Rodman frowned in thought.

‘He won’t like it.’

‘But why not? I believe he will. He will, he shall, he must! I’m not to
depend on him, surely?’

‘A day or two more, Alice.’

‘I can’t keep up the shamming!’ she exclaimed. ‘Adela suspects, I feel
sure. Whenever you come in I feel that hot and red.’ She laughed and
blushed. ‘If you won’t do as I tell you, I’ll give you up, I will

Rodman stroked his moustache, smiling.

‘You will, will you?’

‘See if I don’t. To-night! It must be to-night! Shall I call you a
pretty name? it’s only because I couldn’t bear to be found out before
you tell him.’

He still stroked his moustache. His handsome face was half amused, half
troubled. At last he said:

‘Very well; to-night.’

Shortly after, Mutimer came into the room.

‘Adela isn’t up to the mark,’ he said to Alice. ‘She’d better have
dinner by herself, I think; but she’ll join us afterwards.’

Brother and sister exchanged looks.

‘Oh, it’s only a headache or something of the kind,’ he continued.
‘It’ll be all right soon.’

And he began to talk with Rodman cheerfully, so that Alice felt it must
really be all right. She drew aside and looked into a novel.

Adela did appear after dinner, very pale and silent, but with a smile
on her face. There had been no further conversation between her and her
husband. She talked a little with ‘Arry, in her usual gentle way, then
asked to be allowed to say goodnight. ‘Arry at the same time took his
leave, having been privately bidden to do so by his sister. He was glad
enough to get away; in the drawing-room his limbs soon began to ache,
from inability to sit at his ease.

Then Alice withdrew, and the men were left alone.

Adela did not go to bed. She suffered from the closeness of the evening
and sat by her open windows, trying to read a chapter in the New
Testament. About eleven o’clock she had a great desire to walk upon the
garden grass for a few minutes before undressing; perhaps it might help
her to the sleep she so longed for yet feared she would not obtain.
The desire became so strong that she yielded to it, passed quietly
downstairs, and out into the still night. She directed her steps to her
favourite remote corner. There was but little moonlight, and scarcely a
star was visible. When she neared the laburnums behind which she often
sat or walked, her ear caught the sound of voices. They came nearer, on
the other side of the trees. The first word which she heard distinctly
bound her to the spot and forced her to listen.

‘No, I shan’t put it off.’ It was Alice speaking. ‘I know what comes of
that kind of thing. I am old enough to be my own mistress.’

‘You are not twenty-one,’ replied Richard in an annoyed voice. ‘I shall
do everything I can to put it off till you are of age. Rodman is a good
enough fellow in his place; but it isn’t hard to see why he’s talked you
over in this way.’

‘He hasn’t talked me over!’ cried Alice, passionately. ‘I needn’t have
listened if I hadn’t liked.’

‘You’re a foolish girl, and you want someone to look after you. If
you’ll only wait you can make a good marriage. This would be a bad one,
in every sense.’

‘I shall marry him.’

‘And I shall prevent it. It’s for your own sake, Alice.’

‘If you try to prevent it--I’ll tell Adela everything about Emma I I’ll
tell her the whole plain truth, and I’ll prove it to her. So hinder me
if you dare!’

Alice hastened away.


In the month of September Mr. Wyvern was called upon to unite in holy
matrimony two pairs in whom we are interested. Alice Mutimer became
Mrs. Willis Rodman, and Alfred Waltham took home a bride who suited him
exactly, seeing that she was never so happy as when submitting herself
to a stronger will. Alfred and Letty ran away and hid themselves in
South Wales. Mr. and Mrs. Rodman fled to the Continent.

Half Alice’s fortune was settled upon herself, her brother and Alfred
Waltham being trustees. This was all Mutimer could do. He disliked the
marriage intensely, and not only because he had set his heart on a far
better match for Alice; he had no real confidence in Rodman. Though the
latter’s extreme usefulness and personal tact had from the first led
Richard to admit him to terms of intimacy, time did not favour the
friendship. Mutimer, growing daily more ambitious and more punctilious
in his intercourse with all whom, notwithstanding his principles, he
deemed inferiors from the social point of view, often regretted keenly
that he had allowed any relation between himself and Rodman more than
that of master and man. Experience taught him how easily he might have
made the most of Rodman without granting him a single favour. The first
suggestion of the marriage enraged him; in the conversation with Rodman,
which took place, moreover, at an unfavourable moment, he lost his
temper and flung out very broad hints indeed as to the suitor’s motives.
Rodman was calm; life had instructed him in the advantages of a curbed
tongue; but there was heightened colour on his face, and his demeanour
much resembled that of a proud man who cares little to justify
himself, but will assuredly never forget an insult. It was one of the
peculiarities of this gentleman that his exterior was most impressive
when the inner man was most busy with ignoble or venomous thoughts.

But for Alice’s sake Mutimer could not persist in his hostility.
Alice had a weapon which he durst not defy, and, the marriage being
inevitable, he strove hard to see it in a more agreeable light,
even tried to convince himself that his prejudice against Rodman was
groundless. He loved his sister, and for her alone would put up
with things otherwise intolerable. It was a new exasperation when he
discovered that Rodman could not be persuaded to continue his work at
New Wanley. All inducements proved vain. Richard had hoped that at
least one advantage might come of the marriage, that Rodman would devote
capital to the works; but Rodman’s Socialism cooled strangely from the
day when his ends were secured. He purposed living in London, and Alice
was delighted to encourage him. The girl had visions of a life such as
the heroines of certain novels rejoice in. For a wonder, her husband was
indispensable to the brightness of that future. Rodman had inspired
her with an infatuation. Their relations once declared, she grudged him
every moment he spent away from her. It was strangely like true passion,
the difference only marked by an extravagant selfishness. She thought of
no one, cared for no one, but herself, Rodman having become part of that
self. With him she was imperiously slavish; her tenderness was a kind
of greed; she did not pretend to forgive her brother for his threatened
opposition, and, having got hold of the idea that Adela took part
against Rodman, she hated her and would not be alone in her company for
a moment. On her marriage day she refused Adela’s offered kiss and did
her best to let everyone see how delighted she was to leave them behind.

The autumn was a time of physical suffering for Adela. Formerly she had
sought to escape her mother’s attentions, now she accepted them with
thankfulness. Mrs. Waltham had grave fears for her daughter; doctors
suspected some organic disease, one summoned from London going so far as
to hint at a weakness of the chest. Early in November it was decided to
go south for the winter, and Exmouth was chosen, chiefly because Mrs.
Westlake was spending a month there. Mr. Westlake, whose interest in
Adela had grown with each visit he paid to the Manor, himself suggested
the plan. Mrs. Waltham and Adela left Wanley together; Mutimer promised
visits as often as he could manage to get away. Since Rodman’s departure
Richard found himself overwhelmed with work. None the less he resolutely
pursued the idea of canvassing Belwick at the coming general election.
Opposition, from whomsoever it came, aggravated him. He was more than
ever troubled about the prospects of New Wanley; there even loomed
before his mind a possible abandonment of the undertaking. He had never
contemplated the sacrifice of his fortune, and though anything of that
kind was still very far off, it was daily more difficult for him to face
with equanimity even moderate losses. Money had fostered ambition, and
ambition full grown had more need than ever of its nurse. New Wanley was
no longer an end in itself, but a stepping-stone You must come to your
own conclusions in judging the value of Mutimer’s social zeal; the facts
of his life up to this time are before you, and you will not forget how
complex a matter is the mind of a strong man with whom circumstances
have dealt so strangely. His was assuredly not the vulgar self-seeking
of the gilded _bourgeois_ who covets an after-dinner sleep on
Parliamentary benches. His ignorance of the machinery of government was
profound; though he spoke scornfully of Parliament and its members, he
had no conception of those powers of dulness and respectability which
seize upon the best men if folly lures them within the precincts of St.
Stephen’s. He thought, poor fellow! that he could rise in his place and
thunder forth his indignant eloquence as he did in Commonwealth Hall
and elsewhere; he imagined a conscience-stricken House, he dreamed of
passionate debates on a Bill which really had the good of the people
for its sole object. Such Bill would of course bear _his_ name; shall we
condemn him for that?

Adela was at Exmouth, drinking the mild air, wondering whether there was
in truth a life to come, and, if so, whether it was a life wherein Love
and Duty were at one. A year ago such thoughts could not have entered
her mind. But she had spent several weeks in close companionship with
Stella Westlake, and Stella’s influence was subtle. Mrs. Westlake had
come here to regain strength after a confinement; the fact drew her near
to Adela, whose time for giving birth to a child was not far off.

Adela at first regarded this friend with much the same feeling of awe
as mingled with Letty’s affection for Adela herself. Stella Westlake
was not only possessed of intellectual riches which Adela had had no
opportunity of gaining; her character was so full of imaginative force,
of dreamy splendours, that it addressed itself to a mind like Adela’s
with magic irresistible and permanent. No rules of the polite world
applied to Stella; she spoke and acted with an independence so
spontaneous that it did not suggest conscious opposition to the received
ways of thought to which ordinary women are confined, but rather a
complete ignorance of them. Adela felt herself startled, but never
shocked, even when the originality went most counter to her own
prejudices; it was as though she had drunk a draught of most unexpected
flavour, the effect of which was to set her nerves delightfully
trembling, and make her long to taste it again. It was not an
occasional effect, the result of an effort on Stella’s part to surprise
or charm; the commonest words had novel meanings when uttered in her
voice; a profound sincerity seemed to inspire every lightest question
or remark. Her presence was agitating; she had but to enter the room and
sit in silence, and Adela forthwith was raised from the depression of
her broodings to a vividness of being, an imaginative energy, such as
she had never known. Adela doubted for some time whether Stella regarded
her with affection; the little demonstrations in which women are wont to
indulge were incompatible with that grave dreaminess, and Stella seemed
to avoid even the common phrases of friendship. But one day, when Adela
had not been well enough to rise, and as she lay on the borderland of
sleeping and waking, she half dreamt, half knew, that a face bent over
her, and that lips were pressed against her own; and such a thrill
struck through her that, though now fully conscious, she had not power
to stir, but lay as in the moment of some rapturous death. For when the
presence entered into her dream, when the warmth melted upon her lips,
she imagined it the kiss which might once have come to her but now was
lost for ever. It was pain to open her eyes, but when she did so, and
met Stella’s silent gaze, she knew that love was offered her, a love of
which it was needless to speak.

Mrs. Waltham was rather afraid of Stella; privately she doubted whether
the poor thing was altogether in her perfect mind. When the visitor
came the mother generally found occupation or amusement elsewhere,
conversation with Stella was so extremely difficult. Mr. Westlake was
also at Exmouth, but much engaged in literary work. There was, too, an
artist and his family, with whom the Westlakes were acquainted, their
name Boscobel. Mrs. Boscobel was a woman of the world, five-and-thirty,
charming, intelligent; she read little, but was full of interest in
literary and artistic matters, and talked as only a woman can who
has long associated with men of brains. To her Adela was interesting,
personally and still more as an illustration of a social experiment.

‘How young she is!’ was her remark to Mr. Westlake shortly after making
Adela’s acquaintance. ‘It will amuse you, the thought I had; I really
must tell it you. She realises my idea of a virgin mother. Haven’t you
felt anything of the kind?’

Mr. Westlake smiled.

‘Yes, I understand. Stella said something evidently traceable to the
same impression; her voice, she said, is full of forgiveness.’

‘Excellent! And has she much to forgive, do you think?’

‘I hope not.’

‘Yet she is not exactly happy, I imagine?’

Mr. Westlake did not care to discuss the subject. The lady had recourse
to Stella for some account of Mr. Mutimer.

‘He is a strong man,’ Stella said in a tone which betrayed the
Socialist’s enthusiasm. ‘He stands for earth-subduing energy. I imagine
him at a forge, beating fire out of iron.’

‘H’m! That’s not quite the same thing as imagining him that beautiful
child’s husband. No education, I suppose?’

‘Sufficient. With more, he would no longer fill the place he does. He
can speak eloquently; he is the true voice of the millions who cannot
speak their own thoughts. If he were more intellectual he would become
commonplace; I hope he will never see further than he does now. Isn’t
a perfect type more precious than a man who is neither one thing nor

‘Artistically speaking, by all means.’

‘In his case I don’t mean it artistically. He is doing a great work.’

‘A friend of mine--you don’t know Hubert Eldon, I think?--tells me he
has ruined one of the loveliest valleys in England.’

‘Yes, I dare say he has done that. It is an essential part of his
protest against social wrong. The earth renews itself, but a dead man or
woman who has lived without joy can never be recompensed.’

‘She, of course, is strongly of the same opinion?’

‘Adela is a Socialist.’

Mrs. Boscobel laughed rather satirically.

‘I doubt it.’

Stella, when she went to sit with Adela, either at home or by the
sea-shore, often carried a book in her hand, and at Adela’s request
she read aloud. In this way Adela first came to know what was meant
by literature, as distinguished from works of learning. The verse of
Shelley and the prose of Landor fell upon her ears; it was as though she
had hitherto lived in deafness. Sometimes she had to beg the reader to
pause for that day; her heart and mind seemed overfull; she could not
even speak of these new things, but felt the need of lying back in
twilight to marvel and repeat melodies.

Mrs. Boscobel happened to approach them once whilst this reading was
going on.

‘You are educating her?’ she said to Stella afterwards.

‘Perhaps--a little,’ Stella replied absently.

‘Isn’t it just a trifle dangerous?’ suggested the understanding lady.

‘Dangerous? How?’

‘The wife of the man who makes sparks fly out of iron? The man who is on
no account to learn anything?’

Stella shook her head, saying, ‘You don’t know her.’

‘I should much like to,’ was Mrs. Boscobel’s smiling rejoinder.

In Stella’s company it did not seem very likely that Adela would lose
her social enthusiasm, yet danger there was, and that precisely on
account of Mrs. Westlake’s idealist tendencies. When she spoke of the
toiling multitude, she saw them in a kind of exalted vision; she beheld
them glorious in their woe, ennobled by the tyranny under which
they groaned. She had seen little if anything of the representative
proletarian, and perchance even if she had the momentary impression
would have faded in the light of her burning soul. Now Adela was in the
very best position for understanding those faults of the working class
which are ineradicable in any one generation. She knew her husband, knew
him better than ever now that she regarded him from a distance; she knew
‘Arry Mutimer; and now she was getting to appreciate with a thoroughness
impossible hitherto, the monstrous gulf between men of that kind and
cultured human beings. She had, too, studied the children and the women
of New Wanley, and the results of such study were arranging themselves
in her mind. All unconsciously, Stella Westlake was cooling Adela’s
zeal with every fervid word she uttered; Adela at times with difficulty
restrained herself from crying, ‘But it is a mistake! They have not
these feelings you attribute to them. Such suffering as you picture
them enduring comes only of the poetry-fed soul at issue with fate.’
She could not as yet have so expressed herself, but the knowledge was
growing within her. For Adela was not by nature a social enthusiast.
When her heart leapt at Stella’s chant, it was not in truth through
contagion of sympathy, but in admiration and love of the noble woman
who could thus think and speak. Adela--and who will not be thankful
for it?--was, before all things, feminine; her true enthusiasms were
personal. It was a necessity of her nature to love a human being, this
or that one, not a crowd. She had been starving, killing the self which
was her value. This home on the Devon coast received her like an earthly
paradise; looking back on New Wanley, she saw it murky and lurid; it was
hard to believe that the sun ever shone there. But for the most part,
she tried to keep it altogether from her mind, tried to dissociate her
husband from his public tasks, and to remember him as the man with whom
her life was irrevocably bound up. When delight in Stella’s poetry was
followed by fear, she strengthened herself by thought of the child
she bore beneath her heart; for that child’s sake she would accept the
beautiful things offered to her, some day to bring them, as rich gifts
to the young life. Her own lot was fixed; she might not muse upon it,
she durst not consider it too deeply. There were things in the past
which she had determined, if by any means it were possible, utterly to
forget. For the future, there was her child.

Mutimer came to Exmouth when she had been there three weeks, and
he stayed four days. Mrs. Boscobel had an opportunity of making his

‘Who contrived that marriage?’ she asked of Mr. Westlake subsequently.
‘Our lady mother, presumably.’

‘I have no reason to think it was not well done,’ replied Mr. Westlake
with reserve.

‘Most skilfully done, no doubt,’ rejoined the lady.

But at the end of the year, the Westlakes returned to London, the
Boscobels shortly after. Mrs. Waltham and her daughter had made no other
close connections, and Adela’s health alone allowed of her leaving the
house for a short drive on sunny days. At the end of February the child
was born prematurely; it entered the world only to leave it again. For a
week they believed that Adela would die. Scarcely was she pronounced out
of danger by the end of March. But after that she recovered strength.

May saw her at Wanley once more. She had become impatient to return. The
Parliamentary elections were very near at hand, and Mutimer almost lived
in Belwick; it seemed to Adela that duty required her to be near him, as
well as to supply his absence from New Wanley as much as was possible.
She was still only the ghost of her former self, but disease no longer
threatened her, and activity alone could completely restore her health.
She was anxious to recommence her studies, to resume her readings to the
children; and she desired to see Mr. Wyvern. She understood by this
time why he had chosen Andersen’s Tales for her readings; of many other
things which he had said, causing her doubt, the meaning was now clear
enough to her. She had so much to talk of with the vicar, so
many questions to put to him, not a few of a kind that would--she
thought--surprise and trouble him. None the less, they must be asked and
answered. Part of her desire to see him again was merely the result of
her longing for the society of well-read and thoughtful people. She
knew that he would appear to her in a different light from formerly; she
would be far better able to understand him.

She began by seeking his opinion of her husband’s chances in Belwick.
Mr. Wyvern shook his head and said frankly that he thought there was no
chance at all. Mutimer was looked upon in the borough as a mischievous
interloper, who came to make disunion in the Radical party. The son of
a lord and an ironmaster of great influence were the serious candidates.
Had he seen fit, Mr. Wyvern could have mentioned not a few lively
incidents in the course of the political warfare; such, for instance, as
the appearance of a neat little pamphlet which purported to give a full
and complete account of Mutimer’s life. In this pamphlet nothing untrue
was set down, nor did it contain anything likely to render its publisher
amenable to the law of libel; but the writer, a gentleman closely
connected with Comrade Roodhouse, most skilfully managed to convey the
worst possible impression throughout. Nor did the vicar hesitate to
express his regret that Mutimer should be seeking election at all. Adela
felt with him.

She found Richard in a strange state of chronic excitement. On whatever
subject he spoke it was with the same nervous irritation, and the
slightest annoyance set him fuming. To her he paid very little
attention, and for the most part seemed disinclined to converse with
her; Adela found it necessary to keep silence on political matters; once
or twice he replied to her questions with a rough impatience which kept
her miserable throughout the day, so much had it revealed of the working
man. As the election day approached she suffered from a sinking of the
heart, almost a bodily fear; a fear the same in kind as that of the
wretched woman who anticipates the return of a brute-husband late on
Saturday night. The same in kind; no reasoning would overcome it. She
worked hard all day long, that at night she might fall on deep sleep.
Again she had taken up her hard German books, and was also busy with
French histories of revolution, which did indeed fascinate her, though,
as she half perceived, solely by the dramatic quality of the stories
they told. And at length the morning of her fear had come.

When he left home Mutimer bade her not expect him till the following
day. She spent the hours in loneliness and misery. Mr. Wyvern called,
but even him she begged through a servant to excuse her; her mother
likewise came, and her she talked with for a few minutes, then pleaded
headache. At nine o’clock in the evening she went to her bedroom. She
had a soporific at hand, remaining from the time of her illness, and in
dread of a sleepless night she had recourse to it.

It seemed to her that she had slept a very long time when a great and
persistent noise awoke her. It was someone knocking at her door, even,
as she at length became aware, turning the handle and shaking it.
Being alone, she had locked herself in. She sprang from bed, put on
her dressing-gown, and went to the door. Then came her husband’s voice,
impatiently calling her name. She admitted him.

Through the white blind the morning twilight just made objects visible
in the room; Adela afterwards remembered noticing the drowsy pipe of a
bird near the window. Mutimer came in, and, without closing the door,
began to demand angrily why she had locked him out. Only now she quite
shook off her sleep, and could perceive that there was something unusual
in his manner. He smelt strongly of tobacco, and, as she fancied, of
spirits; but it was his staggering as he moved to draw up the blind that
made her aware of his condition. She found afterwards that he had driven
all the way from Belwick, and the marvel was that he had accomplished
such a feat; probably his horse deserved most of the credit. When he
had pulled the blind up, he turned, propped himself against the
dressing-table, and gazed at her with terribly lack-lustre eyes. Then
she saw the expression of his face change; there came upon it a smile
such as she had never seen or imagined, a hideous smile that made her
blood cold. Without speaking, he threw himself forward and came towards
her. For an instant she was powerless, paralysed with terror; but
happily she found utterance for a cry, and that released her limbs.
Before he could reach her, she had darted out of the room, and fled
to another chamber, that which Alice had formerly occupied, where she
locked herself against him. To her surprise he did not discover her
retreat; she heard him moving about the passages, stumbling here and
there, then he seemed to return to his bedroom. She wrapped herself in a
counterpane, and sat in a chair till it was full morning.

He was absent for a week after that. Of course his polling at the
election had been ridiculously small compared with that of the other
candidates. When he returned he went about his ordinary occupations; he
was seemingly not in his usual health, but the constant irritableness
had left him. Adela tried to bear herself as though nothing unwonted had
come to pass, but Mutimer scarcely spoke when at home; if he addressed
her it was in a quick, off-hand way, and without looking at her. Adela
again lived almost alone. Her mother and Letty understood that she
preferred this. Letty had many occupations; before long she hoped to
welcome her first child. The children of New Wanley still came once
a week to the Manor; Adela endeavoured to amuse them, to make them
thoughtful, but it had become a hard, hard task. Only with Mr. Wyvern
did she occasionally speak without constraint, though not of course
without reserve; speech of _that_ kind she feared would never again be
possible to her. Still she felt that the vicar saw far into her life.
On some topics she was more open than she had hitherto ventured to be;
a boldness, almost a carelessness, for which she herself could not
account, possessed her at such times.

Late in June she received from Stella Westlake a pressing invitation to
come and spend a fortnight in London. It was like sunshine to her
heart; almost without hesitation she re solved to accept it. Her husband
offered no objection, seemed to treat the proposal with indifference.
Later in the day he said:

‘If you have time, you might perhaps give Alice a call.’

‘I shall do that as soon as ever I can.’

He had something else to say.

‘Perhaps Mrs. Westlake might ask her to come, whilst you are there.’

‘Very likely, I think,’ Adela replied, with an attempt at confidence.

It was only her second visit to London: the first had been in winter
time, and under conditions which had not allowed her to attend to
anything she saw. But for Stella’s presence there she would have feared
London; her memory of it was like that of an ill dream long past; her
mind only reverted to it in darkest hours, and then she shuddered. But
now she thought only of Stella; Stella was light and joy, a fountain
of magic waters. Her arrival at the house in Avenue Road was one of the
most blissful moments she had ever known. The servant led her upstairs
to a small room, where the veiled sun made warmth on rich hangings, on
beautiful furniture, on books and pictures, on ferns and flowers. The
goddess of this sanctuary was alone; as the door opened the notes of
a zither trembled into silence, and Adela saw a light-robed loveliness
rise and stand before her. Stella took both her hands very gently, then
looked into her face with eyes which seemed to be new from some high
vision, then drew her within the paradise of an embrace. The kiss was
once more like that first touch of lips which had come to Adela on the
verge of sleep; she quivered through her frame.

Mr. Westlake shortly joined them, and spoke with an extreme kindness
which completed Adela’s sense of being at home. No one disturbed them
through the evening; Adela went to bed early and slept without a dream.

Stella and her husband talked of her in the night. Mr. Westlake had, at
the time of the election, heard for the first time the story of Mutimer
and the obscure work-girl in Hoxton, and had taken some trouble to
investigate it. It had not reached his ears when the Hoxton Socialists
made it a subject of public discussion; Comrade Roodhouse had inserted
only a very general report of the proceedings in his paper the ‘Tocsin,
and even this Mr. Westlake had not seen. But a copy of the pamphlet
which circulated in Belwick came into his hands, and when he began
to talk on the subject with an intimate friend, who, without being a
Socialist, amused himself with following the movement closely, he heard
more than he liked. To Stella he said nothing of all this. His own
ultimate judgment was that you cannot expect men to be perfect, and that
great causes have often been served by very indifferent characters.

‘She looks shockingly ill,’ he began to-night when alone with Stella.
‘Wasn’t there something said about consumption when she was at Exmouth?
Has she any cough?’

‘No, I don’t think it is that,’ Stella answered.

‘She seems glad to be with you.’

‘Very glad, I think.’

‘Did the loss of her child affect her deeply?’

‘I cannot say. She has never spoken of it.’

‘Poor child!’

Stella made no reply to the exclamation.

The next day Adela went to call on Mrs. Rodman. It was a house in
Bayswater, not large, but richly furnished. Adela chose a morning
hour, hoping to find her sister-in-law alone, but in this she was
disappointed. Four visitors were in the drawing-room, three ladies and
a man of horsey appearance, who talked loudly as he leaned back with his
legs crossed, a walking-stick held over his knee, his hat on the ground
before him. The ladies were all apparently middle-aged; one of them had
a great quantity of astonishingly yellow hair, and the others made up
for deficiency in that respect with toilets in very striking taste.
The subject under discussion was a recent murder. The gentleman had
the happiness of being personally acquainted with the murderer, at all
events had frequently met him at certain resorts of the male population.
When Mrs. Rodman had briefly welcomed Adela, the discussion continued.
Its tone was vulgar, but perhaps not more so than the average tone
among middle-class people who are on familiar terms with each other. The
gentleman, still leading the conversation, kept his eyes fixed on Adela,
greatly to her discomfort.

In less than half an hour these four took their departure.

‘So Dick came a cropper!’ was Alice’s first remark, when alone with her

Adela tried in vain to understand.

‘At the election, you know. I don’t see what he wanted to go making
himself so ridiculous. Is he much cut up?’

‘I don’t think it troubles him much,’ Adela said; ‘he really had
no expectation of being elected. It was just to draw attention to

‘Of course he’ll put it in that way. But I’d no idea you were in London.
Where are you living?’

Alice had suffered, had suffered distinctly, in her manners, and
probably in her character. It was not only that she affected a fastness
of tone, and betrayed an ill-bred pleasure in receiving Adela in her
fine drawing-room; her face no longer expressed the idle good-nature
which used to make it pleasant to contemplate, it was thinner, less
wholesome in colour, rather acid about the lips. Her manner was hurried,
she seemed to be living in a whirl of frivolous excitements. Her taste
in dress had deteriorated; she wore a lot of jewellery of a common kind,
and her headgear was fantastic.

‘We have a few friends to-morrow night,’ she said when the conversation
had with difficulty dragged itself over ten minutes. ‘Will you come to
dinner? I’m sure Willis will be very glad to see you.’

Adela heard the invitation with distress. Fortunately it was given in a
way which all but presupposed refusal.

‘I am afraid I cannot,’ she answered. ‘My health is not good; I never
see people. Thank you very much.’

‘Oh, of course I wouldn’t put you out,’ said Alice, inspecting her
relative’s face curiously. And she added, rather more in her old voice,
‘I’m sorry you lost your baby. I believe you’re fond of children? I
don’t care anything about them myself; I hope I shan’t have any.’

Adela could not make any reply; she shook hands with Alice and took her
leave, only breathing freely when once more in the street. All the way
back to St. John’s Wood she was afflicted by the thought that it would
be impossible to advise a meeting between Stella and Mrs. Rodman. Yet
she had promised Richard to do so. Once more she found herself sundered
from him in sympathies. Affection between Alice and her there could
be none, yet Alice was the one person in the world whom Richard held
greatly dear.

The enchanted life of those first weeks at Exmouth was now resumed. The
golden mornings passed with poetry and music; in the afternoon visits
were paid to museums and galleries, or to the studios of artists who
were Mrs. Westlake’s friends, and who, as Adela was pleased to see,
always received Stella with reverential homage. The evening, save when a
concert called them forth, was generally a time of peaceful reading
and talking, the presence of friends making no difference in the simple
arrangements of the home. If a man came to dine at this house, it was
greatly preferred that he should not present himself in the costume of
a waiter, and only those came who were sufficiently intimate with
the Westlakes to know their habits. One evening weekly saw a purely
Socialist gathering; three or four artisans were always among the
guests. On that occasion Adela was sorely tempted to plead a headache,
but for several reasons she resisted. It was a trial to her, for she
was naturally expected to talk a good deal with the visitors, several of
whom she herself had entertained at Wanley. Watching Stella, she had a
feeling which she could not quite explain or justify; she was pained to
see her goddess in this company, and felt indignant with some of the men
who seemed to make themselves too much at their ease. There was no talk
of poetry.

Among the studios to which Stella took her was that of Mr. Boscobel.
Mrs. Boscobel made much of them, and insisted on Adela’s coming to dine
with her. An evening was appointed. Adela felt reproofs of conscience,
remembering the excuse she had offered to Alice, but in this case it was
impossible to decline. Stella assured her that the party would be small,
and would be sure to comprise none but really interesting people. It was
so, in fact. Two men whom, on arriving, they found in the drawing-room
Adela knew by fame, and the next to enter was a lady whose singing
she had heard with rapture at a concert on the evening before. She was
talking with this lady when a new announcement fell upon her ear, a name
which caused her to start and gaze towards the door. Impossible for
her to guard against this display of emotion; the name she heard so
distinctly seemed an unreal utterance, a fancy of her brain, or else
it belonged to another than the one she knew. But there was no such
illusion; he whom she saw enter was assuredly Hubert Eldon.

A few hot seconds only seemed to intervene before she was called upon to
acknowledge him, for Mrs. Boscobel was presenting him to her.

‘I have had the pleasure of meeting Mrs. Mutimer before,’ Hubert said
as soon as he saw that Adela in voice and look recognised their

Mrs. Boscobel was evidently surprised. She herself had met Hubert at the
house of an artist in Rome more than a year ago, but the details of his
life were unknown to her. Subsequently, in London, she happened once
to get on the subject of Socialism with him, and told him, as an
interesting story, what she heard from the Westlakes about Richard
Mutimer. Hubert admitted knowledge of the facts, and made the remark
about the valley of Wanley which Mrs. Boscobel repeated at Exmouth, but
he revealed nothing more. Having no marriageable daughter, Mrs. Boscobel
was under no necessity of searching into his antecedents. He was one of
ten or a dozen young men of possible future whom she liked to have about

Hubert seated himself by Adela, and there was a moment of inevitable

‘I saw you as soon as I got into the room,’ he said, in the desperate
necessity for speech of some kind. ‘I thought I must have been mistaken;
I was so unprepared to meet you here.’

Adela replied that she was staying with Mrs. Westlake.

‘I don’t know her,’ said Hubert, ‘and am very anxious to Boscobel’s
portrait of her--I saw it in the studio just before it went away--was a
wonderful thing.’

This was necessarily said in a low tone; it seemed to establish
confidence between them.

Adela experienced a sudden and strange calm; in a world so entirely new
to her, was it not to be expected that things would happen of which she
had never dreamt? The tremor with which she had faced this her first
evening in general society had allayed itself almost as soon as she
entered the room, giving place to a kind of pleasure for which she
was not at all prepared, a pleasure inconsistent with the mood which
governed her life. Perhaps, had she been brought into this world in
those sunny days before her marriage, just such pleasure as this, only
in a more pronounced degree, would have awoke in her and have been
fearlessly indulged. The first shock of the meeting with Hubert having
passed, she was surprised at her self-control, at the ease with which
she found she could converse. Hubert took her down to dinner; on the
stairs he twice turned to look at her face, yet she felt sure that her
hand had betrayed no agitation as it lay on his arm. At table he talked
freely; did he know--she asked herself--that this would relieve her? And
his conversation was altogether unlike what it had been two years and
a half ago--so long it was since she had talked with him under ordinary
conditions. There was still animation, and the note of intellectual
impatience was touched occasionally, but the world had ripened him, his
judgments were based on sounder knowledge, he was more polished, more
considerate--‘gentler,’ Adela afterwards said to herself. And decidedly
he had gained in personal appearance; a good deal of the bright, eager
boy had remained with him in his days of storm and stress, but now
his features had the repose of maturity and their refinement had fixed
itself in lines of strength.

He talked solely of the present, discussed with her the season’s
pictures, the books, the idle business of the town. At length she found
herself able to meet his glance without fear, even to try and read
its character. She thought of the day when her mother told her of his
wickedness. Since then she had made acquaintance with wickedness
in various forms, and now she marvelled at the way in which she had
regarded him. ‘I was a child, a child,’ she repeated to herself.
Thinking thus, she lost none of his words. He spoke of the things which
interested her most deeply; how much he could teach her, were such
teaching possible!

At last she ventured upon a personal question.

‘How is Mrs. Eldon?’

She thought he looked at her gratefully; certainly there was a deep
kindness in his eyes, a look which was one of the new things she noted
in him.

‘Very much as when you knew her,’ he replied. ‘Weaker, I fear. I have
just spent a few days at Agworth.’

Doubtless he had often been at Agworth; perchance he was there, so close
by, in some of the worst hours of her misery.

When the ladies withdrew Mrs. Boscobel seated herself by Adela for a

‘So you really knew Mr. Eldon?’

‘Yes, but it is some time since I saw him,’ Adela replied simply,
smiling in the joy of being so entirely mistress of herself.

‘You were talking pictures, I heard. You can trust him there; his
criticism is admirable. You know he did the Grosvenor for the--?’

She mentioned a weekly paper.

‘There are so many things I don’t know,’ Adela replied laughingly, ‘and
that is one of them.’

Hubert shortly after had his wish in being presented to Mrs. Westlake.
Adela observed them as they talked together. Gladness she could hardly
bear possessed her when she saw on Stella’s face the expression of
interest which not everyone could call forth. She did not ask why she
was so glad; for this one evening it might be allowed her to rest and
forget and enjoy.

There was singing, and the sweetest of the songs went home with her and
lived in her heart all through a night which was too voiceful for sleep.
Might she think of him henceforth as a friend? Would she meet him again
before her return to--to the darkness of that ravaged valley? Her mood
was a strange one; conscience gave her no trouble, appeared suspended.
And why should conscience have interfered with her? Her happiness was as
apart from past and future as if by some magic she had been granted an
intermezzo of life wholly distinct from her real one. These people with
whom she found living so pleasant did not really enter her existence; it
was as though she played parts to give her pleasure; she merely looked
on for the permitted hour.

But Stella was real, real as that glorious star whose name she knew not,
the brightest she could see from her chamber window. To Stella her soul
clung with passion and worship. Stella’s kiss had power to make her all
but faint with ecstasy; it was the kiss which woke her from her dream,
the kiss which would for ever be to her a terror and a mystery.


Her waking after a short morning sleep was dark and troubled. The taste
of last night’s happiness was like ashes on her tongue; fearing to face
the daylight, she lay with lids heavily closed on a brain which ached in
its endeavour to resume the sensations of a few hours ago. The images of
those with whom she had talked so cheerfully either eluded her memory,
or flitted before her unexpectedly, mopping and mowing, so that her
heart was revolted. It is in wakings such as these that Time finds his
opportunity to harry youth; every such unwinds from about us one of the
veils of illusion, bringing our eyes so much nearer to the horrid
truth of things. Adela shrank from the need of rising; she would have
abandoned herself to voiceless desolation, have lain still and dark
whilst the current of misery swept over her, deeper and deeper. When she
viewed her face, its ring-eyed pallor fascinated her with incredulity.
Had she looked at all like that whilst Hubert Eldon and the others were
talking to her? What did they secretly think of her? The others might
attribute to her many more years than she had really seen; but Hubert
knew her age. Perhaps that was why he glanced at her twice or thrice on
the stairs.

For the first time she wished not to be alone with Stella, fearing lest
the conversation should turn on Hubert. Yet, when they had sat together
for nearly an hour, and Stella had not named him, she began to suffer
from a besieging desire to speak of him, a recurrent impulse to allude
to him, however distantly, so that her companion might be led to the
subject. The impulse grew to a torment, more intolerable each time
she resisted it. And at last she found herself uttering the name
involuntarily, overcome by something stronger than her dread.

‘I was surprised to meet Mr. Eldon.’

‘Did you know him?’ Stella asked simply.

‘He used to live at Wanley Manor.’

Stella seemed to revive memories.

‘Oh, that was how I knew the name. Mr. Westlake told me of him, at the
time when the Manor passed to Mr. Mutimer.’

Her husband was from home, so had not been at the Boscobels’ last

Adela could rest now that she had spoken. She was searching for a
means of leading the conversation into another channel, when Stella

‘You knew him formerly?’

‘Yes, when he still lived at Wanley. I have not met him since he went

Stella mused.

‘I suppose he came to live in London?’

‘I understood so.’

At length Adela succeeded in speaking of something else. Mental
excitement had set her blood flowing more quickly, as though an
obstruction were removed. Before long the unreasoning lightness of heart
began to take possession of her again. It was strangely painful. To one
whom suffering has driven upon self-study the predominance of a mere
mood is always more or less a troublesome mystery; in Adela’s case it
was becoming a source of fear. She seemed to be losing self-control; in
looking back on last evening she doubted whether her own will had
been at all operative in the state of calm enjoyment to which she had
attained. Was it physical weakness which put her thus at the mercy of
the moment’s influences?

There came a letter from Mutimer to-day; in it he mentioned Alice and
reminded Adela of her promise. This revived a trouble which had fallen
out of activity for a day or two. She could not come to any decision.
When at Alice’s house she had not even suggested a return visit; at
the moment it had seemed so out of the question for Alice to meet
Mrs. Westlake. In any case, was it worth while exposing Stella to
the difficulties of such a meeting when it could not possibly lead to
anything further? One reason against it Adela was ashamed to dwell upon,
yet it weighed strongly with her: she was so jealous of her friend’s
love, so fearful of losing anything in Stella’s estimation, that she
shrank from the danger of becoming associated with Mrs. Rodman in
Stella’s mind. Could she speak freely of Alice? Mutimer’s affectionate
solicitude was honourable to him, and might veil much that was
disagreeable in Alice. But the intimacy between Adela and Mrs. Westlake
was not yet of the kind which permits a free disclosure of troubles
to which, rightly or wrongly, there attaches a sense of shame. Such
troubles are always the last to be spoken of between friends; friendship
must be indeed far-reaching before it includes them within its scope.
They were still but learning to know each other, and that more from
silent observation, from the sympathy of looks, from touchings of hands
and lips, than by means of direct examination or avowal. The more she
strove with her difficulty the less able Adela felt herself to ask
Mrs. Rodman to come or to mention her to Stella. The trouble spoilt her
enjoyment of a concert that evening, and kept her restless in the night,
for, though seemingly a small matter, it had vital connection with
the core of her life’s problem; it forced her relentlessly to a
consciousness of many things from which she had taught herself to avert
her eyes.

Another thing there was which caused her anxious debate--a project which
had been in her mind for nearly a year. You will not imagine that Adela
had forgotten the letter from Mrs. Clay. The knowledge it brought
her made the turning-point of her life. No word on the subject passed
between her and Mutimer after the conversation which ended in her
fainting-fit. The letter he retained, and the course he had chosen made
it advisable that he should pay no heed to its request for assistance.
Adela remembered the address of the writer, and made a note of it, but
it was impossible to reply. Her state of mind after overhearing the
conversation between Richard and his sister was such that she durst not
even take the step of privately sending money, lest her husband should
hear of it and it should lead to further question. She felt that, hard
as it was to live with that secret, to hear Mutimer repeat his calumnies
would involve her in yet worse anguish, leading perhaps to terrible
things; for, on her return to the house that night, she suffered a
revelation of herself, which held her almost mute for the following
days. In her heart there fought passions of which she had not known
herself capable; above all a scorn so fierce, that had she but opened
her lips it must have uttered itself. That she lived down by the aid of
many strange expedients; but she formed a purpose, which seemed indeed
nothing less than a duty, to use the opportunity of her first visit to
London to seek for means of helping Emma Vine and her sister. Her long
illness had not weakened this resolve; but now that she was in London
the difficulties of carrying it out proved insuperable. She had always
imagined herself procuring the services of some agent, but what agent
was at hand? She might go herself to the address she had noted, but it
was to incur a danger too great even for the end in view. If Mutimer
heard of such a visit--and she had no means of assuring herself that
communication between him and those people did not still exist--how
would it affect him?

Adela’s position would not suffer the risk of ever so slight a
difference between herself and her husband. She had come to fear him,
and now there was growing in her a yet graver fear of herself.

The condition of her health favoured remissness and postponement. An
hour of mental agitation left her with headache and a sense of bodily
feebleness. Emma Vine she felt in the end obliged to dismiss from her
thoughts; the difficulty concerning Alice she put off from day to day.

The second week of her visit was just ending, and the return to Wanley
was in view, when, on entering the drawing-room in the afternoon, she
found Hubert Eldon sitting there with Mrs. Westlake. If it had been
possible to draw back her foot and escape unnoticed! But she was
observed; Hubert had already risen. Adela fancied that Stella was
closely observing her; it was not so in reality, but the persuasion
wrung her heart to courage. Hubert, who did make narrow observance of
her face, was struck with the cold dignity of her smile. In speaking
to him she was much less friendly than at the Boscobels’. He thought he
understood, and was in a measure right. A casual meeting in the world
was one thing; a visit which might be supposed half intended to herself
called for another demeanour. He addressed a few remarks to her, then
pursued his conversation with Mrs. Westlake. Adela had time to consider
his way of speaking; it was entirely natural, that of a polished man
who has the habit of society, and takes pleasure in it. With utter
inconsistency she felt pain that he could be so at his ease in her
presence. In all likelihood he had come with no other end save that of
continuing his acquaintance with Mrs. Westlake. As she listened to
his voice, once more an inexplicable and uncontrollable mood possessed
her--a mood of petulance, of impatience with him and with herself; with
him for almost ignoring her presence, with herself for the distant way
in which she had met him. An insensate rebellion against circumstances
encouraged her to feel hurt; by a mystery of the mind intervening time
was cancelled, and it seemed unnatural, hard to bear, that Hubert should
by preference address another than herself. An impulse similar to that
which had forced her to speak his name in conversation with Stella now
constrained her to break silence, to say something which would require
a reply. Her feeling became a sort of self-pity; he regarded her as
beneath his notice, he wished her to see that his indifference was
absolute; why should he treat her so cruelly?

She added a few words to a remark Mrs. Westlake made, and, the moment
she had spoken, was sensible that her tone had been strangely impulsive.
Stella glanced at her. Hubert, too, turned his eyes, smiled, and made
some reply; she had no understanding of what he said. Had not force
failed her she would have risen and left the room. Her heart sank in yet
crueller humiliation; she believed there were tears in her eyes, yet had
no power to check them. He was still addressing Mrs. Westlake; herself
he deemed incapable of appreciating what he said. Perhaps he even--the
thought made clanging in her ears, like a rude bell--perhaps he even
regarded her as a social inferior since her marriage. It was almost
hysteria, to such a pitch of unreason was she wrought. Her second self
looked on, anguished, helpless. The voices in the room grew distant and

Then the door was opened and the servant announced--

‘Mr. Mutimer.’

It saved her. She saw her husband enter, and an ice-cold breath made
frigid her throbbing veins. She fixed her eyes upon him, and could not
remove them; they followed him from the door to where Stella stood to
receive him. She saw that he almost paused on recognising Eldon, that
his brows contracted, that involuntarily he looked at _her_.

‘You know Mr. Eldon,’ Stella said, perhaps in not quite her ordinary
voice, for the meeting could in no case be a very happy one.

‘Oh yes,’ replied Mutimer, scarcely looking at Hubert, and making an
idle effort at a bow.

Hubert did not reseat himself. He took leave of Stella cordially; to
Adela he inclined himself at respectful distance.

Mrs. Westlake supplied conversation. Adela, leaving her former chair,
took a seat by her friend’s side, but could not as yet trust her voice.
Presently her husband addressed her; it was for the first time; he had
not even given his hand.

‘Alice is very anxious that you should dine with her before you go home.
Do you think Mrs. Westlake could spare you this evening?’

And, on Stella’s looking an inquiry, he added:

‘My sister, Mrs. Rodman. I don’t think you know her?’

Adela had no choice but to procure her hostess’s assent to this

‘I’ll call for you at seven o’clock,’ Mutimer said.

Adela knew that he was commanding himself; his tone was not quite
discourteous, but he had none of the genial satisfaction which he
ordinarily showed in the company of refined people. She attributed his
displeasure to her neglect of Alice. But it did not affect her as it had
been wont to; she was disposed to resent it.

The time between his departure and seven o’clock she spent by herself,
unoccupied, sitting as if tired. She put off the necessary changing of
garments till there was scarcely time for it. When at length she was
summoned she went down with flushed face.

‘I feel as if I were going to have a fever,’ she said to Stella in
the drawing-room. She could not help uttering the words, but laughed

‘Your hand is really very hot,’ Stella replied.

Mutimer had a cab at the door, and was waiting in the hall.

‘You’re a long time,’ was his greeting, with more impatience than he had
ever used to her.

When they were together in the hansom:

‘Why did you refuse Alice’s invitation before?’ he asked with

‘I didn’t think she really wished me to accept it.’

She spoke without misgiving, still resenting his manner.

‘Didn’t think? Why, what do you mean?’

She made no reply.

‘You didn’t ask her to call, either?’

‘I ought to have done so. I am very sorry to have neglected it.’

He looked at her with surprise which was very like a sneer, and kept
silence till they reached the house.

One of the ladies whom Adela had already met, and a gentleman
styled Captain something, were guests at dinner. Alice received her
sister-in-law with evident pleasure, though not perhaps that of pure

‘I do hope it won’t be too much for you,’ she said. ‘Pray leave as soon
as you feel you ought to. I should never forgive myself if you took a
cold or anything of the kind.’

Really, Alice had supplied herself with most becoming phrases. The
novels had done much; and then she had been living in society. At dinner
she laughed rather too loud, it might be, and was too much given to
addressing her husband as ‘Willis;’ but her undeniable prettiness in
low-necked evening dress condoned what was amiss in manner. Mr. Rodman
looked too gentlemanly; he reminded one of a hero of polite melodrama
on the English-French stage. The Captain talked stock-exchange, and was
continually inquiring about some one or other, ‘Did he drop much?’

Mutimer was staying at the house over-night. After dinner he spoke aside
with Adela.

‘I suppose you go back to-morrow?’

‘Yes, I meant to.’

‘We may as well go together, then. I’ll call for you at two o’clock.’

He considered, and changed the hour.

‘No, I’ll come at ten. I want you to go with me to buy some things. Then
we’ll have lunch here.’

‘And go back for my luggage?’

‘We’ll take it away at ten o’clock and leave it at the station. I
suppose you can be ready?’

‘Yes, I can be ready,’ Adela answered mechanically.

He drove back with her to Avenue Road in the Rodmans’ carriage, and left
her at the door.

Mr. Westlake was expected home to-night, but had telegraphed to say
that he would return in the morning. Stella had spent the evening alone;
Adela found her in the boudoir with a single lamp, reading.

‘Are you still feverish?’ Stella asked, putting to her cheek the
ungloved hand.

‘I think not--I can’t say.’

Stella waited to hear something about the evening, but Adela broke the
silence to say:

‘I must leave at ten in the morning. My husband will call for me.’

‘So early?’


There was silence again.

‘Will you come and see me before long, Stella?’

‘I will,’ was the gentle reply.

‘Thank you. I shall look forward to it very much.’

Then Adela said good-night, speaking more cheerfully.

In her bedroom she sat as before dinner. The fever had subsided during
the past two hours, but now it crept into her blood again, insidious,
tingling. And with it came so black a phantom of despair that Adela
closed her eyes shudderingly, lay back as one lifeless, and wished that
it were possible by the will alone to yield the breath and cease. The
night pulsed about her, beat regularly like a great clock, and its
pulsing smote upon her brain.

To-morrow she must follow her husband, who would come to lead her home.
Home? what home had she? What home would she ever have but a grave in
the grassy churchyard of Wanley? Why did death spare her when it took
the life which panted but for a moment on her bosom?

She must leave Stella and go back to her duties at the Manor; must
teach the children of New Wanley; must love, honour, obey her husband.
Returning from Exmouth, she was glad to see her house again; now she had
rather a thousand times die than go back. Horror shook her like a palsy;
all that she had borne for eighteen months seemed accumulated upon her
now, waited for her there at Wanley to be endured again. Oh! where was
the maiden whiteness of her soul? What malignant fate had robbed her for
ever of innocence and peace?

Was this fever or madness? She rose and flung her arms against a hideous
form which was about to seize her. It would not vanish, it pressed upon
her. She cried, fled to the door, escaped, and called Stella’s name

A door near her own opened, and Stella appeared. Adela clung to her, and
was drawn into the room. Those eyes of infinite pity gazing into her own
availed to calm her.

‘Shall I send for some one?’ Stella asked anxiously, but with no weak

‘No; it is not illness. But I dread to be alone; I am nervous.’

‘Will you stay with me, dear?’

‘Oh, Stella, let me, let me! I want to be near to you whilst I may!’

Stella’s child slept peacefully in a crib; the voices were too low
to wake it. Almost like another child, Adela allowed herself to be

‘Shall I leave a light?’ Stella asked.

‘No, I can sleep. Only let me feel your arms.’

They lay in unbroken silence till both slept.


In a character such as Mutimer’s there will almost certainly be found a
disposition to cruelty, for strong instincts of domination, even of the
nobler kind, only wait for circumstances to develop crude tyranny--the
cruder, of course, in proportion to the lack of native or acquired
refinement which distinguishes the man. We had a hint of such things in
Mutimer’s progressive feeling with regard to Emma Vine. The possibility
of his becoming a tyrannous husband could not be doubted by any one who
viewed him closely.

There needed only the occasion, and this at length presented itself in
the form of jealousy. Of all possible incentives it was the one most
calamitous, for it came just when a slow and secret growth of passion
was making demand for room and air. Mutimer had for some time been at
a loss to understand his own sensations; he knew that his wife was
becoming more and more a necessity to him, and that too when the
progress of time would have led him to expect the very opposite. He knew
it during her absence at Exmouth, more still now that she was away in
London. It was with reluctance that he let her leave home, only his
satisfaction in her intimacy with the Westlakes and his hopes for Alice
induced him to acquiesce in her departure. Yet he could show nothing of
this. A lack of self-confidence, a strange shyness, embarrassed him as
often as he would give play to his feelings. They were intensified by
suppression, and goaded him to constant restlessness. When at most a
day or two remained before Adela’s return, he could no longer resist the
desire to surprise her in London.

Not only did he find her in the company of the man whom he had formerly
feared as a rival, but her behaviour seemed to him distinctly to betray
consternation at his arrival. She was colourless, agitated, could
not speak. From that moment his love was of the quality which in its
manifestations is often indistinguishable from hatred. He resolved
to keep her under his eye, to enforce to the uttermost his marital
authority, to make her pay bitterly for the freedom she had stolen.
His exasperated egoism flew at once to the extreme of suspicion; he
was ready to accuse her of completed perfidy. Mrs. Westlake became his
enemy; the profound distrust of culture, which was inseparable from
his mental narrowness, however ambition might lead him to disguise it,
seized upon the occasion to declare itself; that woman was capable of
conniving at his dishonour, even of plotting it. He would not allow
Adela to remain in the house a minute longer than he could help. Even
the casual absence of Mr. Westlake became a suspicious circumstance;
Eldon of course chose the time for his visit.

Adela was once more safe in the Manor, under lock and key, as it were.
He had not spoken of Eldon, though several times on the point of doing
so. It was obvious that the return home cost her suffering, that it was
making her ill. He could not get her to converse; he saw that she did
not study. It was impossible to keep watch on her at all moments of the
day; yet how otherwise discover what letters she wrote or received? He
pondered the practicability of bribing her maid to act as a spy upon
her, but feared to attempt it. He found opportunities of secretly
examining the blotter on her writing-desk, and it convinced him that
she had written to Mrs. Westlake. It maddened him that he had not the
courage to take a single open step, to forbid, for instance, all future
correspondence with London. To do so would be to declare his suspicions.
He wished to declare them; it would have gratified him intensely to
vomit impeachments, to terrify her with coarseness and violence; but,
on the other hand, by keeping quiet he might surprise positive evidence,
and if only he did!

She was ill; he had a distinct pleasure in observing it. She longed for
quiet and retirement; he neglected his business to force his company
upon her, to laugh and talk loudly. She with difficulty read a page; he
made her read aloud to him by the hour, or write translations for him
from French and German. The pale anguish of her face was his joy; it
fascinated him, fired his senses, made him a demon of vicious cruelty.
Yet he durst not as much as touch her hand when she sat before him. Her
purity, which was her safeguard, stirred his venom; he worshipped it,
and would have smothered it in foulness.

‘Hadn’t you better have the doctor to see you?’ he began one morning
when he had followed her from the dining-room to her boudoir.

‘The doctor? Why?’

‘You don’t seem up to the mark,’ he replied, avoiding her look.

Adela kept silence.

‘You were well enough in London, I suppose?’

‘I am never very strong.’

‘I think you might be a bit more cheerful.’

‘I will try to be.’

This submission always aggravated his disease--by what other name
to call it? He would have had her resist him, that he might know the
pleasure of crushing her will.

He walked about the room, then suddenly:

‘What is that man Eldon doing?’

Adela looked at him with surprise. It had never entered her thoughts
that the meeting with Eldon would cost him more than a passing
annoyance--she knew he disliked him--and least of all that such
annoyance would in any way be connected with herself. It was possible,
of course, that some idle tongue had gossiped of her former friendship
with Hubert, but there was no one save Letty who knew what her feelings
really had been, and was not the fact of her marriage enough to remove
any suspicion that Mutimer might formerly have entertained? But the
manner of his question was so singular, the introduction of Eldon’s name
so abrupt, that she could not but discern in a measure what was in his

She made reply:

‘I don’t understand. Do you mean how is he engaged?’

‘How comes he to know Mrs. Westlake?’

‘Through common friends--some people named Boscobel. Mr. Boscobel is an
artist, and Mr. Eldon appears to be studying art.’

Her voice was quite steady through this explanation. The surprise seemed
to have enabled her to regard him unmoved, almost with curiosity.

‘I suppose he’s constantly there--at the Westlakes’?’

‘That was his first visit. We met him a few evenings before at
the Boscobels’, at dinner. It was then he made Mrs. Westlake’s

Mutimer moved his head as if to signify indifference. But Adela had
found an unexpected relief in speaking thus openly; she was tempted to
go further.

‘I believe he writes about pictures. Mrs. Boscobel told me that he had
been some time in Italy.’

‘Well and good; I don’t care to hear about his affairs. So you dined
with these Boscobel people?’


He smiled disagreeably.

‘I thought you were rather particular about telling the truth. You told
Alice you never dined out.’

‘I don’t think I said that,’ Adela replied quietly.

He paused; then:

‘What fault have you to find with Alice, eh?’

Adela was not in the mood for evasions; she answered in much the same
tone as she had used in speaking of Hubert.

‘I don’t think she likes me. If she did, I should be able to be more
friendly with her. Her world is very different from ours.’

‘Different? You mean you don’t like Rodman?’

‘I was not thinking of Mr. Rodman. I mean that her friends are not the
same as ours.’

Mutimer forgot for a moment his preoccupation in thought of Alice.

‘Was there anything wrong with the people you met there?’

She was silent.

‘Just tell me what you think. I want to know. What did you object to?’

‘I don’t think they were the best kind of people.’

‘The best kind? I suppose they are what you call ladies and gentlemen?’

‘You must have felt that they were not quite the same as the Westlakes,
for instance.’

‘The Westlakes!’

He named them sneeringly, to Adela’s astonishment. And he added as he
walked towards the door:

‘There isn’t much to be said for some of the people you meet there.’

A new complexity was introduced into her life. Viewed by this recent
light, Mutimer’s behaviour since the return from London was not so
difficult to understand; but the problem of how to bear with it became
the harder. There were hours when Adela’s soul was like a bird of the
woods cage-pent: it dashed itself against the bars of fate, and in
anguish conceived the most desperate attempts for freedom. She could
always die, but was it not hard to perish in her youth and with the
world’s cup of bliss untasted? Flight? Ah! whither could she flee? The
thought of the misery she would leave behind her, the disgrace that
would fall upon her mother--this would alone make flight impossible. Yet
could she conceive life such as this prolonging itself into the hopeless
years, renunciation her strength and her reward, duty a grinning
skeleton at her bedside? It grew harder daily. More than a year ago she
thought that the worst was over, and since then had known the solace of
self-forgetful idealisms, of ascetic striving. It was all illusion,
the spinning of a desolate heart. There was no help now, for she knew
herself and the world. Foolish, foolish child, who with her own hand
had flung away the jewel of existence like a thing of no price! Her lot
appeared single in its haplessness. She thought of Stella, of Letty,
even of Alice; _they_ had not been doomed to learn in suffering. To her,
alone of all women, knowledge had come with a curse.

A month passed. Since Rodman’s departure from Wanley, ‘Arry Mutimer was
living at the Manor. Her husband and ‘Arry were Adela’s sole companions;
the former she dreaded, the approach of the latter always caused her
insuperable disgust. To Letty there was born a son; Adela could not bend
to the little one with a whole heart; her own desolate motherhood wailed
the more bitterly.

Once more a change was coming. Alice and her husband were going to spend
August at a French watering-place, and Mutimer proposed to join them for
a fortnight; Adela of course would be of the party. The invitation came
from Rodman, who had reasons for wishing to get his brother-in-law
aside for a little quiet talk. Rodman had large views, was at present
pondering a financial scheme in which he needed a partner--one with
capital of course. He knew that New Wanley was proving anything but a
prosperous concern, commercially speaking; he divined, moreover, that
Mutimer was not wholly satisfied with the state of affairs. By judicious
management the Socialist might even be induced to abandon the non-paying
enterprise, and, though not perhaps ostensibly, embark in one that
promised very different results--at all events to Mr. Rodman. The scheme
was not of mushroom growth; it dated from a time but little posterior
to Mr. Rodman’s first meeting with Alice Mutimer. ‘Arry had been granted
appetising sniffs at the cookery in progress, though the youth was
naturally left without precise information as to the ingredients. The
result was a surprising self-restraint on ‘Arry’s part. The influence
which poor Keene had so bunglingly tried to obtain over him, the more
astute Mr. Rodman had compassed without difficulty; beginning with the
loan of small sums, to be repaid when ‘Arry attained his majority, he
little by little made the prospective man of capital the creature of his
directions; in something less than two more years Rodman looked to find
ample recompense for his expenditure and trouble. But that was a mere
parergon; to secure Richard Mutimer was the great end steadily held in

Rodman and his wife came to Wanley to spend three days before all
together set out for the Continent. Adela accepted the course of things,
and abandoned herself to the stream. For a week her husband had been
milder; we know the instinct that draws the cat’s paws from the flagging

Alice, no longer much interested in novels, must needs talk with some
one; she honoured Adela with much of her confidence, seeming to forget
and forgive, in reality delighted to recount her London experiences to
her poor tame sister-in-law. Alice, too, had been at moments introduced
to her husband’s kitchen; she threw out vague hints of a wonderful
repast in preparation.

‘Willis is going to buy me a house in Brighton,’ she said, among other
things. ‘I shall run down whenever I feel it would do me good. You’ve no
idea how kind he is.’

There was, in fact, an ‘advancement clause’ in Alice’s deed of
settlement. If Mr. Rodman showed himself particularly anxious to
cultivate the friendship of Mr. Alfred Waltham, possibly one might look
for the explanation to the terms of that same document.

There came a Sunday morning. Preparations for departure on the morrow
were practically completed. The weather was delightful. Adela finished
breakfast in time to wander a little about the garden before it was the
hour for church; her husband and Rodman breakfasted with her, and went
to smoke in the library. Alice and ‘Arry did not present themselves till
the church bells had ceased.

Adela was glad to be alone in the dusky pew. She was the first of
the congregation to arrive, and she sat, as always, with the curtains
enclosing her save in front. The bells ringing above the roof had a
soothing effect upon her, and gave strange turns to her thought. So had
their summoning rung out to generation after generation; so would it
ring long after she was buried and at rest. Where would her grave be?
She was going for the first time to a foreign country; perhaps death
might come to her there. Then she would lie for ever among strangers,
and her place be forgotten. Would it not be the fitting end of so sad
and short a life?

In the front of the pew was a cupboard; the upper portion, which
contained the service books, was closed with a long, narrow door,
opening downwards on horizontal hinges; the shelf on which the books
lay went back into darkness, being, perhaps, two feet broad. Below this
shelf was the door of the lower and much larger receptacle; it
slid longitudinally, and revealed a couple of buffets, kept here to
supplement the number in the pew when necessary. Adela had only once
opened the sliding door, and then merely to glance into the dark hollows
and close it again. Probably the buffets had lain undisturbed for years.

On entering the pew this morning she had as usual dropped the upper
door, and had laid her large church service open on the shelf, where
she could reach it as soon as Mr. Wyvern began to read. Then began
her reverie. From thoughts of the grave she passed to memories of her
wedding-day. How often the scene of that morning had re-enacted
itself in her mind! Often she dreamed it all over, and woke as from a
nightmare. She wished it had not taken place in this church; it troubled
the sacred recollections of her maiden peace. She began to think it over
once more, attracted by the pain it caused her, and, on coming to the
bestowal of the ring, an odd caprice led her to draw the circlet itself
from her finger. When she had done it she trembled. The hand looked so
strange. Oh, her hand, her hand! Once ringless indeed, once her own to
give, to stretch forth in pledge of the heart’s imperishable faith!
Now a prisoner for ever; but, thus ringless, so like a maiden hand once
more. There came a foolish sense of ease. She would keep her finger free
yet a little, perhaps through the service. She bent forward and laid the
ring on the open book.

More dreams, quite other than before; then the organ began its prelude,
a tremor passing through the church before the sound broke forth. Adela
sank deeper in reverie. At length Mr. Wyvern’s voice roused her; she
stood up and reached her book; but she had wholly forgotten that the
ring lay upon it, and was only reminded by a glimpse of it rolling away
on the shelf, rolling to the back of the cupboard. But it did not stop
there; surely it was the ring that she heard fall down below, behind the
large sliding door. She had a sudden fright lest it should be lost, and
stooped at once to search for it.

She drew back the door, pushed aside the buffets, then groped in the
darkness. She touched the ring. But something else lay there; it seemed
a long piece of thick paper, folded. This too she brought forth, and,
having slipped the ring on her finger, looked to see what she had found.

It was parchment She unfolded it, and saw that it was covered with
writing in a clerkly hand. How strange!

‘This is the last will and testament of me, RICHMOND MUTIMER--’

Her hand shook. She felt as if the sides of the pew were circling about
her, as if she stood amid falling and changing things.

She looked to the foot of the sheet.

‘In witness whereof I, the said Richard Mutimer, have hereunto set my
hand this seventeenth day of October, 187-.’

The date was some six months prior to old Richard Mutimer’s death.
This could be nothing but the will which every one believed him to have

Adela sank upon the seat. Her ring! Had she picked it up? Yes; it was
again upon her finger. How had it chanced to fall down below? She rose
again and examined the cupboard; there was a gap of four or five inches
at the back of the upper shelf.

Had the will fallen in the same way? Adela conjectured that thus it
had been lost, though when or under what circumstances she could not
imagine. We, who are calmer, may conceive the old man to have taken
his will to church with him on the morning of his death, he being then
greatly troubled about the changes he had in view. Perhaps he laid the
folded parchment on the shelf and rested one of the large books in front
of it. He breathed his last. Then the old woman, whose duty it was to
put the pews in order, hurriedly throwing the books into the cupboard as
soon as the dead man was removed, perchance pushed the document so far
back that it slipped through the gap and down behind the buffets.

At all events, no one has ever hit upon a likelier explanation.


She could not sit through the service, yet to leave the church she would
have to walk the whole length of the aisle. What did it matter? It would
very soon be known why she had gone away, and to face for a moment the
wonder of Sunday-clad villagers is not a grave trial. Adela opened the
pew door and quitted the church, the parchment held beneath her mantle.

As she issued from the porch the sun smote warm upon her face; it
encouraged a feeling of gladness which had followed her astonishment.
She had discovered the tenor of the will; it affected her with a sudden
joy, undisturbed at first by any reflection. The thought of self was
slow in coming, and had not power to trouble her greatly even when she
faced it. Befall herself what might, she held against her heart a power
which was the utmost limit of that heart’s desire. So vast, so undreamt,
so mysteriously given to her, that it seemed preternatural. Her weakness
was become strength; with a single word she could work changes such as
it had seemed no human agency could bring about.

To her, to her it had been given! What was all her suffering, crowned
with power like this?

She durst not take the will from beneath her mantle, though burning to
reassure herself of its contents. Not till she was locked in her room.
If any one met her as she entered the house, her excuse would be that
she did not feel well.

But as she hurried toward the Manor, she all at once found herself face
to face with her brother. Alfred was having a ramble, rather glad to get
out of hearing of the baby this Sunday morning.

‘Hollo, what’s up?’ was his exclamation.

Adela feared lest her face had betrayed her. She was conscious that her
look could not be that of illness.

‘I am obliged to go home,’ she said, ‘I have forgotten something.’

‘I should have thought you’d rather have let the house burn down than
scutter away in this profane fashion. All right, I won’t stop you.’

She hesitated, tempted to give some hint. But before she could speak,
Alfred continued:

‘So Mutimer’s going to throw it up.’

‘What?’ she asked in surprise.

He nodded towards New Wanley.

‘Throw it up?’

‘So I understand. Don’t mention that I said anything; I supposed you

‘I knew nothing. You mean that he is going to abandon the works?’

‘Something of the kind, I fancy. I don’t know that it’s decided, but
that fellow Rodman--well, time enough to talk about it. It’s a pity,
that’s all I can say. Still, if he’s really losing--’

‘Losing? But he never expected to make money.’

‘No, but I fancy he’s beginning to see things in a different light. I
tell you what it is, Adela; I can’t stand that fellow Rodman. I’ve got
an idea he’s up to something. Don’t let him lead Mutimer by the nose,
that’s all. But this isn’t Sunday talk. Youngster rather obstreperous
this morning.’

Adela had no desire to question further: she let her brother pass on,
and continued her own walk at a more moderate pace.

Alfred’s words put her in mind of considerations to which in her
excitement she had given no thought. New Wanley was no longer her
husband’s property, and the great Socialist undertaking must come to
an end. In spite of her personal feeling, she could not view with
indifference the failure of an attempt which she had trained herself to
regard as nobly planned, and full of importance to the world at large.
Though she no longer saw Mutimer’s character in the same light as
when first she bent her nature to his direction, she still would have
attributed to him a higher grief than the merely self-regarding; she had
never suspected him of insincerity in his public zeal. Mutimer had been
scrupulous to avoid any utterance which might betray half-heartedness;
in his sullen fits of late he had even made it a reproach against her
that she cared little for his own deepest interests. To his wife last
of all he would have confessed a failing in his enthusiasm: jealousy had
made him discourteous, had lowered the tone of his intercourse with her;
but to figure as a hero in her eyes was no less, nay more, than ever a
leading motive in his life. But if what Alfred said was true, Adela saw
that in this also she had deceived herself: the man whose very heart
was in a great cause would sacrifice everything, and fight on to the
uttermost verge of hope. There was no longer room for regret on his

On reaching the Manor gates she feared to walk straight up to the house;
she felt that, if she met her husband, she could not command her face,
and her tongue would falter. She took a path which led round to the
gardens in the rear. She had remembered a little summer-house which
stood beyond the kitchen-garden, in a spot sure to be solitary at this
hour. There she could read the will attentively, and fix her resolution
before entering the house.

Trees and bushes screened her. She neared the summerhouse, and was at
the very door before she perceived that it was occupied. There sat ‘Arry
and a kitchenmaid, very close to each other, chatting confidentially.
‘Arry looked up, and something as near a blush as he was capable of came
to his face. The kitchen damsel followed the direction of his eyes, and
was terror-stricken.

Adela hastened away. An unspeakable loathing turned her heart. She
scarcely wondered, but pressed the parchment closer, and joyed in the
thought that she would so soon be free of this tainted air.

She no longer hesitated to enter, and was fortunate enough to reach her
room without meeting any one. She locked the door, then unfolded the
will and began to peruse it with care.

The testator devised the whole of his real estate to Hubert Eldon; to
Hubert also he bequeathed his personal property, subject to certain
charges. These were--first, the payment of a legacy of one thousand
pounds to Mrs. Eldon; secondly, of a legacy of five hundred pounds to
Mr. Yottle, the solicitor; thirdly, of an annuity of one hundred and
seven pounds to the testator’s great-nephew, Richard Mutimer, such sum
being the yearly product of a specified investment. The annuity was to
extend to the life of Richard’s widow, should he leave one; but power
was given to the trustee to make over to Richard Mutimer, or to his
widow, any part or the whole of the invested capital, if he felt
satisfied that to do so would be for the annuitant’s benefit. ‘It is not
my wish’--these words followed the directions--‘to put the said Richard
Mutimer above the need of supporting himself by honest work, but only
to aid him to make use of the abilities which I understand he possesses,
and to become a credit to the class to which he belongs.’

The executors were Hubert Eldon himself and the lawyer Mr. Yottle.

A man of the world brought face to face with startling revelations
of this kind naturally turns at once to thought of technicalities,
evasions, compromises. Adela’s simpler mind fixed itself upon the plain
sense of the will; that meant restitution to the uttermost farthing. For
more than two years Hubert Eldon had been kept out of his possessions;
others had been using them, and lavishly. Would it be possible for her
husband to restore? He must have expended great sums, and of his own he
had not a penny.

Thought for herself came last. Mutimer must abandon Wanley, and whither
he went, thither must she go also. Their income would be a hundred and
seven pounds. Her husband became once more a working man. Doubtless he
would return to London; their home would be a poor one, like that of
ordinary working folk.

How would he bear it? How would he take this from _her_?

Fear crept insidiously about her heart, though she fought to banish
it. It was a fear of the instinct, clinging to trifles in the memory,
feeding upon tones, glances, the impressions of forgotten moments. She
was conscious that here at length was the crucial test of her husband’s
nature, and in spite of every generous impulse she dreaded the issue.
To that dread she durst not abandon herself; to let it grow even for an
instant cost her a sensation of faintness, a desire to flee for cover
to those who would naturally protect her. To give up all--and to Hubert
Eldon! She recalled his voice when the other day he spoke of Hubert.
He had not since recurred to the subject, but his manner still bore the
significance with which that conversation had invested it. No dream of
suspicions on his part had come to her, but it was enough that something
had happened to intensify his dislike of Hubert. Of her many fears, here
was one which couched dark and shapeless in the background.

A feeble woman would have chosen anyone--her mother, her brother--rather
than Mutimer himself for the first participant in such a discovery.
Adela was not feeble, and the very danger, though it might chill her
senses, nerved her soul. Was she not making him too ignoble? Was she
not herself responsible for much of the strangeness in his behaviour of
late? The question she had once asked herself, whether he loved her, she
could not answer doubtfully; was it not his love that had set her icily
against him? If she could not render him love in return, that was the
wrong she did him, the sin she had committed in becoming his wife. Adela
by this time knew too well that, in her threefold vows, love had of
right the foremost place; honour and obedience could not exist without
love. Her wrong was involuntary, none the less she owed him such
reparation as was possible; she must keep her mind open to his better
qualities. A man might fall, yet not be irredeemably base. Oh, that she
had never known of that poor girl in London! Base, doubly and trebly
base, had been his behaviour there, for one ill deed had drawn others
after it. But his repentance, his humiliation, must have been deep, and
of the kind which strengthens against ill-doing in the future.

It had to be done, and had better be done quickly. Adela went to her
boudoir and rang the bell. The servant who came told her that Mutimer
was in the house. She summoned him.

It was five minutes before he appeared. He was preoccupied, though not
gloomily so.

‘I thought you were at church,’ he said, regarding her absently.

‘I came away--because I found something--this!’

She had hoped to speak with calmness, but the interval of waiting had
agitated her, and the fear which no effort could allay struck her heart
as he entered. She held the parchment to him.

‘What is it?’ he asked, his attention gradually awakened by surprise. He
did not move forward to meet her extended hand.

‘You will see--it is the will that we thought was destroyed--old Mr.
Mutimer’s will.’

She rose and brought it to him. He looked at her with a sceptical smile,
which was involuntary, and lingered on his face even after he had begun
to read the document.

Adela seated herself again; she had scarcely power to stand. There was a
long silence.

‘Where did you find this?’ Mutimer inquired at length. His tone
astonished her; it was almost indifferent. But he did not raise his

She explained. It was needless, she thought, to give a reason for her
search in the lower cupboard; but the first thing that occurred to
Mutimer was to demand such reason.

A moment’s hesitation; then:

‘A piece of money rolled down behind the shelf on which the books are;
there is a gap at the back. I suppose that is how the will fell down.’

His eye was now steadily fixed upon her, coldly scrutinising, as one
regards a suspected stranger. Adela was made wretched by the inevitable
falsehood. She felt herself reddening under his gaze.

He seemed to fall into absent-mindedness, then re-read the document.
Then he took out his watch.

‘The people are out of church. Come and show me where it was.’

With a deep sense of relief she went away to put on her bonnet. To
escape for a moment was what she needed, and the self-command of his
voice seemed to assure her against her worst fears. She felt grateful
to him for preserving his dignity. The future lost one of its terrors if
only she could respect him.

They walked side by side to the church in silence: Mutimer had put the
will into his pocket. At the wicket he paused.

‘Will Wyvern be in there?’

The question was answered by the appearance of the vicar himself, who
just then came forth from the front doorway. He approached them, with a
hope that Adela had not been obliged to leave through indisposition.

‘A little faintness,’ Mutimer was quick to reply. ‘We are going to look
for something she dropped in the pew.’

Mr. Wyvern passed on. Only the pew-opener was moving about the aisles.
She looked with surprise at the pair as they entered.

‘Tell her the same,’ Mutimer commanded, under his breath.

The old woman was of course ready with offers of assistance, but a word
from Richard sufficed to keep her away.

The examination was quickly made, and they returned as they had come,
without exchanging a word on the way. They went upstairs again to the

‘Sit down,’ Mutimer said briefly.

He himself continued to stand, again examining the will.

‘I should think,’ he began slowly, ‘it’s as likely as not that this is a

‘A forgery? But who could have--’

Her voice failed.

‘He’s not likely to have run the risk himself, I suppose,’ Mutimer
pursued, with a quiet sneer, ‘but no doubt there are people who would
benefit by it.’

Adela had an impulse of indignation. It showed intself in her cold,
steady reply.

‘The will was thick with dust. It has been lying there a long time.’

‘Of course. They wouldn’t bungle over an important thing like this.’

He was once more scrutinising her. The suspicion was a genuine one, and
involved even more than Adela could imagine. If there had been a plot,
such plot assuredly included the discoverer of the document. Could he in
his heart charge Adela with that? There were two voices at his ear, and
of equal persuasiveness. Even to look into her face did not silence
the calumnious whispering. Her beauty was fuel to his jealousy, and his
jealousy alone made the supposition of her guilt for a moment
tenable. It was on his lips to accuse her, to ease himself with savage
innuendoes, those ‘easy things to understand’ which come naturally from
such a man in such a situation. But to do that would be to break with
her for ever, and the voice that urged her innocence would not let him
incur such risk. The loss of his possessions was a calamity so great
that as yet he could not realise its possibility; the loss of his wife
impressed his imagination more immediately, and was in this moment the
more active fear.

He was in the strange position of a man who finds all at once that he
_dare_ not believe that which he has been trying his best to believe. If
Adela were guilty of plotting with Eldon, it meant that he himself was
the object of her utter hatred, a hideous thought to entertain. It threw
him back upon her innocence. Egoism had to do the work of the finer
moral perceptions.

‘Isn’t it rather strange,’ he said, not this time sneeringly, but
seeking for support against his intolerable suspicions, ‘that you never
moved those buffets before?’

‘I never had need of them.’

‘And that hole has never been cleaned out?’

‘Never; clearly never.’

She had risen to her feet, impelled by a glimmering of the thought
in which he examined her. What she next said came from her without
premeditation. Her tongue seemed to speak independently of her will.

‘One thing I have said that was not true. It was not money that slipped
down, but my ring. I had taken it off and laid it on the Prayer-book.’

‘Your ring?’ he repeated, with cold surprise. ‘Do you always take your
ring off in church, then?’

As soon as the words were spoken she had gone deadly pale. Was it well
to say that? Must there follow yet more explanation? She with difficulty
overcame an impulse to speak on and disclose all her mind, the same kind
of impulse she had known several times of late. Sheer dread this time
prevailed. The eyes that were upon her concealed fire; what madness
tempted her to provoke its outburst?

‘I have never done so before,’ she replied confusedly.

‘Why to-day, then?’

She did not answer.

‘And why did you tell--why did you say it was money?’

‘I can’t explain that,’ she answered, her head bowed. ‘I took off the
ring thoughtlessly; it is rather loose; my finger is thinner than it
used to be.’

On the track of cunning Mutimer’s mind was keen enough; only amid the
complexities of such motives as sway a pure heart in trouble was he
quite at a loss. This confession of untruthfulness might on the face
of it have spoken in Adela’s favour; but his very understanding of that
made him seek for subtle treachery. She saw he suspected her; was it
not good policy to seem perfectly frank, even if such frankness for the
moment gave a strengthening to suspicion? What devilish ingenuity might
after all be concealed in this woman, whom he had taken for simplicity

The first bell for luncheon disturbed his reflections.

‘Please sit down,’ he said, pointing to the chair. ‘We can’t end our
talk just yet.’

She obeyed him, glad again to rest her trembling limbs.

‘If you suspect it to be a forgery,’ she said, when she had waited in
vain for him to speak further, ‘the best way of deciding is to go at
once to Mr. Yottle. He will remember; it was he drew up the will.’

He flashed a glance at her.

‘I’m perfectly aware of that. If this is forged, the lawyer has of
course given his help. He would be glad to see me.’

Again the suspicion was genuine. Mutimer felt himself hedged in; every
avenue of escape to which his thoughts turned was closed in advance.
There was no one he would not now have suspected. The full meaning of
his position was growing upon him; it made a ferment in his mind.

‘Mr. Yottle!’ Adela exclaimed in astonishment. ‘You think it possible
that he--Oh, that is folly!’

Yes, it was folly; her voice assured him of it, proclaiming at the same
time the folly of his whole doubt. It was falling to pieces, and, as it
fell, disclosing the image of his fate, inexorable, inconceivable.

He stood for more than five minutes in silence. Then he drew a little
nearer to her, and asked in an unsteady voice:

‘Are you glad of this?’

‘Glad of it?’ she repeated under her breath.

‘Yes; shall you be glad to see me lose everything?’

‘You cannot wish to keep what belongs to others. In that sense I think
we ought to be glad that the will is found.’

She spoke so coldly that he drew away from her again. The second bell

‘They had better have lunch without us,’ he said.

He rang and bade the servant ask Mr. and Mrs. Rodman to lunch alone.
Then he returned to an earlier point of the discussion.

‘You say it was thick with dust?’

‘It was. I believe the lower cupboard has never been open since Mr.
Mutimer’s death.’

‘Why should he take a will to church with him?’

Adela shook her head.

‘If he did,’ Mutimer pursued, ‘I suppose it was to think over the new
one he was going to make. You know, of course, that he never intended
_this_ to be his will?’

‘We do not know what his last thoughts may have been,’ Adela replied, in
a low voice but firmly.

‘Yes, I think we do. I mean to say, we are quite sure he meant to alter
_this_. Yottle was expecting the new will.’

‘Death took him before he could make it. He left this.’

Her quiet opposition was breath to the fire of his jealousy. He could no
longer maintain his voice of argument.

‘It just means this: you won’t hear anything against the will, and
you’re glad of it.’

‘Your loss is mine.’

He looked at her and again drew nearer.

‘It’s not very likely that you’ll stay to share it.’

‘Stay?’ She watched his movements with apprehension. ‘How can I separate
my future from yours?’

He desired to touch her, to give some sign of his mastery, whether
tenderly or with rude force mattered little.

‘It’s easy to say that, but we know it doesn’t mean much.’

His tongue stammered. As Adela rose and tried to move apart, he caught
her arm roughly, then her waist, and kissed her several times about
the face. Released, she sank back upon the chair, pale, tern fled; her
breath caught with voiceless sobs. Mutimer turned away and leaned his
arms upon the mantelpiece. His body trembled.

Neither could count the minutes that followed. An inexplicable shame
kept Mutimer silent and motionless. Adela, when the shock of repugnance
had passed over, almost forgot the subject of their conversation in vain
endeavours to understand this man in whose power she was. His passion
was mysterious, revolting--impossible for her to reconcile with his
usual bearing, with his character as she understood it. It was more
than a year since he had mingled his talk to her with any such sign of
affection, and her feeling was one of outrage. What protection had she?
The caresses had followed upon an insult, and were themselves brutal,
degrading. It was a realisation of one of those half-formed fears which
had so long haunted her in his presence.

What would life be with him, away from the protections of a wealthy
home, when circumstances would have made him once more the London
artisan, and in doing so would have added harshness to his natural
temper; when he would no longer find it worth while to preserve the
semblance of gentle breeding? Was there strength in her to endure that?

Presently he turned, and she heard him speak her name. She raised her
eyes with a half-smile of abashment. He approached and took her hand.

‘Have you thought what this means to me?’ he asked, in a much softer

‘I know it must be very hard.’

‘I don’t mean in that way. I’m not thinking of the change back to
poverty. It’s my work in New Wanley; my splendid opportunity of helping
on Socialism. Think, just when everything is fairly started! You can’t
feel it as I do, I suppose. You haven’t the same interest in the work. I
hoped once you would have had.’

Adela remembered what her brother had said, but she could not allude to
it. To question was useless. She thought of a previous occasion on which
he had justified himself when accused.

He still held her hand.

‘Which would do the most good with this money, he or I?’

‘We cannot ask that question.’

‘Yes, we can. We ought to. At all events, _I_ ought to. Think what it
means. In my hands the money is used for the good of a suffering class,
for the good of the whole country in the end. He would just spend it
on himself, like other rich men. It isn’t every day that a man of my
principles gets the means of putting them into practice. Eldon is well
enough off; long ago he’s made up his mind to the loss of Wanley. It’s
like robbing poor people just to give money where it isn’t wanted.’

She withdrew her hand, saying coldly:

‘I can understand your looking at it in this way. But we can’t help it.’

‘Why can’t we?’ His voice grew disagreeable in its effort to be
insinuating. ‘It seems to me that we can and ought to help it. It would
be quite different if you and I had just been enjoying ourselves and
thinking of no one else.’ He thought it a skilful stroke to unite
their names thus. ‘We haven’t done anything of the kind; we’ve denied
ourselves all sorts of things just to be able to spend more on New
Wanley. You know what I’ve always said, that I hold the money in trust
for the Union. Isn’t it true? I don’t feel justified in giving it
up. The end is too important. The good of thousands, of hundreds of
thousands, is at stake.’

Adela looked him in the face searchingly.

‘But how can we help it? There is the will.’

Mutimer met her eyes.

‘No one knows of it but ourselves, Adela.’

It was not indignation that her look expressed, but at first a kind of
shocked surprise and then profound trouble. It was with difficulty that
she found words.

‘You are not speaking in earnest?’

‘I am!’ he exclaimed, almost hopefully. ‘In downright earnest. There’s
nothing to be ashamed of.’ He said it because he felt that her gaze was
breeding shame in him. ‘It isn’t for myself, it’s for the cause, for
the good of my fellowmen. Don’t say anything till you’ve thought. Look,
Adela, you’re not hardhearted, and you know how it used to pain you
to read of the poor wretches who can’t earn enough to keep themselves
alive. It’s for their sake. If they could be here and know of this,
they’d go down on their knees to you. You _can’t_ rob them of a chance!
It’s like snatching a bit of bread out of their mouths when they’re
dying of hunger.’

The fervour with which he pleaded went far to convince himself; for
the moment he lost sight of everything but the necessity of persuading
Adela, and his zeal could scarcely have been greater had he been
actuated by the purest unselfishness. He was speaking as Adela had
never heard him speak, with modulations of the voice which were almost
sentimental, like one pleading for love. In his heart he despaired of
removing her scruples, but he overcame this with vehement entreaty.
A true instinct forbade him to touch on her own interests; he had not
lived so long with Adela without attaining some perception of the nobler
ways of thought. But as often as he raised his eyes to hers he saw the
futility of all his words. Her direct gaze at length brought him to
unwilling silence.

‘Would you then,’ Adela asked gravely, ‘destroy this will?’


The monosyllable was all he cared to reply.

‘I can scarcely believe you. Such a thing is impossible. You could not
do it.’

‘It’s my duty to do it.’

‘This is unworthy of you. It is a crime, in law and in conscience. How
can you so deceive yourself? After such an act as that, whatever you did
would be worthless, vain.’


‘Because no one can do great work of the kind you aim at unless he is
himself guided by the strictest honour. Every word you spoke would be a
falsehood. Oh, can’t you see that, as plainly as the light of day? The
results of your work! Why, nothing you could possibly do with all
this money would be one-half as good as to let everyone know that you
honourably gave it up when it was in your power dishonestly to keep
it! Oh, surely _that_ is the kind of example that the world needs! What
causes all the misery but dishonesty and selfishness? If you do away
with that, you gain all you are working for. The example! You should
prize the opportunity. You are deceiving yourself; it is a temptation
that you are yielding to. Think a moment; you will see that I am right.
You cannot do a thing so unworthy of yourself.’

He stood for a moment doggedly, then replied:

‘I can and I shall do it.’

‘Never!’ Adela rose and faced him. ‘You shall listen to me till you
understand. You, who pride yourself on your high motives! For your own
sake scorn this temptation. Let me take the will away. I will put it
somewhere till to-morrow. You will see clearly by then. I know how
dreadful this loss seems to you, but you must be stronger.’

He stood between her and the table on which the parchment lay, and waved
her back as she approached. Adela’s voice trembled, but there was not a
note in it that he could resent.

‘You wrong yourself, and you are cruel to me. How could I live with you
if you did such a thing? How could I remain in this house when it was
no longer yours? It is impossible, a thousand times impossible. You
_cannot_ mean it! If you do this in spite of everything I can say, you
are more cruel than if you raised your hand and struck me. You make my
life a shame; you dishonour and degrade me.’

‘That’s all nonsense,’ he replied sullenly, the jealous motive
possessing him again at the sight of her gleaming eyes. ‘It’s you who
don’t understand, and just because you have no sympathy with my work.
Any one would think you cared for nothing but to take the money from me,
just to--’

Even in his access of spiteful anger he checked himself, and dropped to
another tone.

‘I take all the responsibility. You have nothing to do with it. What
seems right to me, I shall do. I am your husband, and you’ve no voice in
a thing like this.’

‘No voice? Have I no right to save you from ruin? Must a wife stand by
and see her husband commit a crime? Have you no duty to me? What becomes
of our married life if you rob me of all respect for you?’

‘I tell you I am doing it with a good motive. If you were a thorough
Socialist, you would respect me all the more. This money was made out of

He was laying his hand on the will; she sprang forward and grasped his

‘Richard, give it to me!’

‘No, I shall not.’

He had satisfied himself that if the will was actually destroyed she
would acquiesce in silence; the shame she spoke of would constrain her.
He pushed her away without violence, and moved towards the door. But her
muteness caused him to turn and regard her. She was leaning forward, her
lips parted, her eyes fixed in despair.



‘Are you trying me?’

‘What do you mean?’

‘Do you believe that I should let you do that and help you to hide it?’

‘You will come to see that I was right, and be glad that I paid no heed
to you.’

‘Then you don’t know me. Though you are my husband I would make public
what you had done. Nothing should silence me. Do you drive me to that?’

The absence of passion in her voice impressed him far more than violence
could have done. Her countenance had changed from pleading to scorn.

He stood uncertain.

‘Now indeed,’ Adela continued, ‘I am doing what no woman should have to
do.’ Her voice became bitter. ‘I have not a man’s strength; I can only
threaten you with shame which will fall more heavily on myself.’

‘Your word against mine,’ he muttered, trying to smile.

‘You could defend yourself by declaring me infamous?’

Did he know the meaning of that flash across her face? Only when the
words were uttered did their full significance strike Adela herself.

‘You could defend yourself by saying that I lied against you?’

He regarded her from beneath his eyebrows as she repeated the question.
In the silence which followed he seated himself on the chair nearest to
him. Adela too sat down.

For more than a quarter of an hour they remained thus, no word
exchanged. Then Adela rose and approached her husband.

‘If I order the carriage,’ she said softly, ‘will you come with me at
once to Belwick?’

He gave no answer. He was sitting with his legs crossed, the will held
over his knee.

‘I am sorry you have this trial,’ she continued, ‘deeply sorry. But you
have won, I know you have won!’

He turned his eyes in a direction away from her, hesitated, rose.

‘Get your things on.’

He was going to the door.


She held her hand for the parchment.

‘You can’t trust me to the bottom of the stairs?’ he asked bitterly.

She all but laughed with glad confidence.

‘Oh, I will trust you!’


Adela and her husband did not return from Belwick till eight o’clock
in the evening. In the first place Mr. Yottle had to be sent for from a
friend’s house in the country, where he was spending Sunday; then there
was long waiting for a train back to Agworth. The Rodmans, much puzzled
to account for the disorder, postponed dinner. Adela, however, dined
alone, and but slightly, though she had not eaten since breakfast. Then
fatigue overcame her. She slept an unbroken sleep till sunrise.

On going down next morning she found ‘Arry alone in the dining-room;
he was standing at the window with hands in pocket, and, after a glance
round, averted his face again, a low growl his only answer to her
morning salutation. Mr. Rodman was the next to appear. He shook hands as
usual. In his ‘I hope you are well?’ there was an accent of respectful
sympathy. Personally, he seemed in his ordinary spirits. He proceeded to
talk of trifles, but in such a tone as he might have used had there been
grave sickness in the house. And presently, with yet lower voice and a
smile of good-humoured resignation, he said--

‘Our journey, I fear, must be postponed.’

Adela smiled, not quite in the same way, and briefly assented.

‘Alice is not very well,’ Rodman then remarked. ‘I advised her to have
breakfast upstairs. I trust you excuse her?’

Mutimer made his appearance. He just nodded round, and asked, as he
seated himself at table--

‘Who’s been letting Freeman loose? He’s running about the garden.’

The dog furnished a topic for a few minutes’ conversation, then there
was all but unbroken silence to the end of the meal. Richard’s face
expressed nothing in particular, unless it were a bad night. Rodman
kept up his smile, and, eating little himself, devoted himself to polite
waiting upon Adela. When he rose from the table, Richard said to his

‘You’ll go down as usual. I shall be at the office in half-an-hour.’

Adela presently went to the drawing-room. She was surprised to find
Alice sitting there. Mrs. Rodman had clearly not enjoyed the unbroken
rest which gave Adela her appearance of freshness and calm; her eyes
were swollen and red, her lips hung like those of a fretful child that
has tired itself with sobbing, her hair was carelessly rolled up, her
attire slatternly. She sat in sullen disorder. Seeing Adela, she dropped
her eyes, and her lips drew themselves together. Adela hesitated to
approach her, but was moved to do so by sheer pity.

‘I’m afraid you’ve had a bad night,’ she said kindly.

‘Yes, I suppose I have,’ was the ungracious reply.

Adela stood before her for a moment, but could find nothing else to say.
She was turning when Alice looked up, her red eyes almost glaring, her
breast shaken with uncontrollable passion.

‘I think you might have had some consideration,’ she exclaimed. ‘If you
didn’t care to speak a word for yourself, you might have thought about
others. What are we to do, I. should like to know?’

Adela was struck with consternation. She had been prepared for petulant
bewailing, but a vehement outburst of this kind was the last thing she
could have foreseen, above all to have it directed against herself.

‘What do you mean, Alice?’ she said with pained surprise.

‘Why, it’s all your doing, I suppose,’ the other pursued, in the same
voice. ‘What right had you to let him go off in that way without saying
a word to us? If the truth was known, I expect you were at the bottom of
it; he wouldn’t have been such a fool, whatever he says. What right had
you, I’d like to know?’

Adela calmed herself as she listened. Her surprise at the attack was
modified and turned into another channel by Alice’s words.

‘Has Richard told you what passed between us?’ she inquired. It cost her
nothing to speak with unmoved utterance; the difficulty was not to seem
too indifferent.

‘He’s told us as much as he thought fit. His duty! I like that! As if
you couldn’t have stopped him, if you’d chosen! You might have thought
of other people.’

‘Did he tell you that I tried to stop him?’ Adela asked, with the same
quietness of interrogation.

‘Why, did you?’ cried Alice, looking up scornfully.


‘Of course not! Talk about duty! I should think that was plain enough
duty. I only wish he’d come to me with his talk about duty. It’s a duty
to rob people, I suppose? Oh, I understand _him_ well enough. It’s an
easy way of getting out of his difficulties; as well lose his money this
way as any other. He always thinks of himself first, trust him! He’ll go
down to New Wanley and make a speech, no doubt, and show off--with his
duty and all the rest of it! What’s going to become of me? You’d no
right to let him go before telling us.’

‘You would have advised him to say nothing about the will?’

‘Advised him!’ she laughed angrily. ‘I’d have seen if I couldn’t do
something more than advise.’

‘I fear you wouldn’t have succeeded in making your brother act
dishonourably,’ Adela replied.

It was the first sarcasm that had ever passed her lips, and as soon as
it was spoken she turned to leave the room, fearful lest she might say
things which would afterwards degrade her in her own eyes. Her body
quivered. As she reached the door Rodman opened it and entered. He bowed
to let her pass, searching her face the while.

When she was gone he approached to Alice, whom he had at once observed:

‘What have you been up to?’ he asked sternly.

Her head was bent before him, and she gave no answer.

‘Can’t you speak? What’s made her look like that? Have you been
quarrelling with her?’


‘You know what I mean well enough. Just tell me what you said. I thought
I told you to stay upstairs? What’s been going on?’

‘I told her she ought to have let us know,’ replied Alice, timorous, but
affecting the look and voice of a spoilt child.

‘Then you’ve made a fool of yourself!’ he exclaimed with subdued
violence. ‘You’ve got to learn that when I tell you to do a thing you do
it--or I’ll know the reason why! You’d no business to come out of your
room. Now you’ll just find her and apologise. You understand? You’ll go
and beg her pardon at once.’

Alice raised her eyes in wretched bewilderment.

‘Beg her pardon?’ she faltered. ‘Oh, how can I? Why, what harm have I
done, Willis? I’m sure I shan’t beg her pardon.’

‘You won’t? If you talk to me in that way you shall go down on your
knees before her. You won’t?’

His voice had such concentrated savagery in its suppression that Alice
shrank back in terror.

‘Willis! How can you speak so! What have I done?’

‘You’ve made a confounded fool of yourself, and most likely spoilt the
last chance you had, if you want to know. In future, when I say a thing
understand that I mean it; I don’t give orders for nothing. Go and find
her and beg her pardon. I’ll wait here till you’ve done it.’

‘But I _can’t_! Willis, you won’t force me to do that? I’d rather die
than humble myself to her.’

‘Do you hear me?’

She stood up, almost driven to bay. Her eyes were wet, her poor,
crumpled prettiness made a deplorable spectacle.

‘I can’t, I can’t! Why are you so unkind to me? I have only said what
any one would. I hate her! My lips won’t speak the words. You’ve no
right to ask me to do such a thing.’

Her wrist was caught in a clutch that seemed to crush the muscles, and
she was flung back on to the chair. Terror would not let the scream pass
her lips: she lay with open mouth and staring eyes.

Rodman looked at her for an instant, then seemed to master his fury and

‘That doesn’t improve your beauty. Now, no crying out before you’re
hurt. There’s no harm done. Only you’ve to learn that I mean what I say,
that’s all. Now I haven’t hurt you, so don’t pretend.’

‘Oh, you _have_ hurt me!’ she sobbed wretchedly, with her fingers round
her injured wrist. ‘I never thought you could be so cruel. Oh, my hand!
What harm have I done? And you used to say you’d never be unkind to me,
never! Oh, how miserable I am! Is this how you’re going to treat me? As
if I could help it! Willis, you won’t begin to be cruel? Oh, my hand!’

‘Let me look at it. Pooh, what’s amiss?’ He spoke all at once in his
usual good-natured voice. ‘Now go and find Adela, whilst I wait here.’

‘You’re going to force me to do that?’

‘You’re going to do it. Now don’t make me angry again.’

She rose, frightened again by his look. She took a step or two, then
turned back to him.

‘If I do this, will you be kind to me, the same as before?’

‘Of course I will. You don’t take me for a brute?’

She held her bruised wrist to him.

‘Will you--will you kiss it well again?’

The way in which she said it was as nearly pathetic as anything from
poor Alice could be. Her misery was so profound, and this childish
forgiveness of an outrage was so true a demonstration of womanly
tenderness which her character would not allow to be noble. Her husband
laughed rather uneasily, and did her bidding with an ill grace. But yet
she could not go.

‘You’ll promise never to speak--’

‘Yes, yes, of course I promise. Come back to me. Mind, shall know how
you did it.’

‘But why? What is she to us?’

‘I’ll tell you afterwards.’

There was a dawning of jealousy in her eyes.

‘I don’t think you ought to make your wife lower herself--’

His brow darkened.

‘Will you do as I tell you?’

She moved towards the door, stopped to dry her wet cheeks, half looked
round. What she saw sped her on her way.

Adela was just descending the stairs, dressed to go out. Alice let her
go past without speaking, but followed her through the hall and into the
garden. Adela turned, saying gently--

‘Do you wish to speak to me?’

‘I’m sorry I said those things. I didn’t mean it. I don’t think it was
your fault.’

The other smiled; then in that voice which Stella had spoken of as full
of forgiveness--

‘No, it is not my fault, Alice. It couldn’t be otherwise.’

‘Don’t think of it another moment.’

Alice would gladly have retreated, but durst not omit what seemed to her
the essential because the bitterest words.

‘I beg your pardon.’

‘No, no!’ exclaimed Adela quickly. ‘Go and lie down a little; you look
so tired. Try not to be unhappy, your husband will not let harm come to

Alice returned to the house, hating her sister-in-law with a perfect

The hated one took her way into Wanley. She had no pleasant
mission--that of letting her mother and Letty know what had happened.
The latter she found in the garden behind the house dancing her baby-boy
up and down in the sunlight. Letty did not look very matronly, it must
be confessed; but what she lacked in mature dignity was made up in
blue-eyed and warm-checked happiness. At the sight of Adela she gave a
cry of joy.

‘Why, mother’s just getting ready to go and say good-bye to you. As soon
as she comes down and takes this little rogue I shall just slip my own
things on. We didn’t think you’d come here.’

‘We’re not going to-day,’ Adela replied, playing with the baby’s face.

‘Not going?’

‘Business prevents Richard.’

‘How you frightened us by leaving church yesterday! I was on my way
to ask about you, but Mr. Wyvern met me and said there was nothing the
matter. And you went to Agworth, didn’t you?’

‘To Belwick. We had to see Mr. Yottle, the solicitor.’

Mrs. Waltham issued from the house, and explanations were again

‘Could you give baby to the nurse for a few minutes?’ Adela asked Letty.
‘I should like to speak to you and mother quietly.’

The arrangement was effected and all three went into the sitting-room.
There Adela explained in simple words all that had come to pass;
emotionless herself, but the cause of utter dismay in her hearers. When
she ceased there was blank silence.

Mrs. Waltham was the first to find her voice.

‘But surely Mr. Eldon won’t take everything from you? I don’t think he
has the power to--it wouldn’t be just; there must be surely some kind of
provision in the law for such a thing. What did Mr. Yottle say?’

‘Only that Mr. Eldon could recover the whole estate.’

‘The estate!’ exclaimed Mrs. Waltham eagerly. ‘But not the money?’

Adela smiled.

‘The estate includes the money, mother. It means everything.’

‘Oh, Adela!’ sighed Letty, who sat with her hands on her lap,

‘But surely not Mrs. Rodman’s settlement?’ cried the elder lady, who was
rapidly surveying the whole situation.

‘Everything,’ affirmed Adela.

‘But what an extraordinary, what an unheard-of thing! Such injustice
I never knew! Oh, but Mr. Eldon is a gentleman--he can never exact his
legal rights to the full extent. He has too much delicacy of feeling for
that.’ Adela glanced at her mother with a curious openness of look--the
expression which by apparent negation of feeling reveals feeling of
special significance. Mrs. Waltham caught the glance and checked her
flow of speech.

‘Oh, he could never do that!’ she murmured the next moment, in a
lower key, clasping her hands together upon her knees. ‘I am sure he

‘You must remember, mother,’ remarked Adela with reserve, ‘that Mr.
Eldon’s disposition cannot affect us.’

‘My dear child, what I meant was this: it is impossible for him to go to
law with your husband to recover the uttermost farthing. How are you to
restore money that is long since spent? and it isn’t as if it had been
spent in the ordinary way--it has been devoted to public purposes.
Mr. Eldon will of course take all these things into consideration. And
really one must say that it is very strange for a wealthy man to leave
his property entirely to strangers.’

‘Not entirely,’ put in Adela rather absently.

‘A hundred and seven pounds a year!’ exclaimed her mother protestingly.
‘My dear love, what _can_ be done with such a paltry sum as that!’

‘We must do a good deal with it, dear mother. It will be all we have to
depend upon until Richard finds--finds some position.’

‘But you are not going to leave the Manor at once?’

‘As soon as ever we can. I don’t know what arrangement my husband is
making. We shall see Mr. Yottle again to-morrow.’

‘Adela, this is positively shocking! It seems incredible I never thought
such things could happen. No wonder you looked white when you went out
of church. How little I imagined! But you know you can come here at any
moment. You can sleep with me, or we’ll have another bed put up in the
room. Oh, dear; oh, dear! It will take me a long time to understand it.
Your husband could not possibly object to your living here till he found
you a suitable home. What _will_ Alfred say? Oh, you must certainly come
here. I shan’t have a moment’s’ rest if you go away somewhere whilst
things are in this dreadful state.’

‘I don’t think that will be necessary,’ Adela replied with a reassuring
smile. ‘It might very well have happened that we had nothing at all, not
even the hundred pounds; but a wife can’t run away for reasons of that
kind--can she, Letty?’

Letty gazed with her eyes of loving pity, and sighed, ‘I suppose not,

Adela sat with them for only a few minutes more. She did not feel able
to chat at length on a crisis such as this, and the tone of her mother’s
sympathy was not soothing to her. Mrs. Waltham had begun to put a
handkerchief to her eyes.

‘You mustn’t take it to heart,’ Adela said as she bent and kissed her
cheek. ‘You can’t think how little it troubles me--on my own account.
Letty, I look to you to keep mother cheerful. Only think what numbers
of poor creatures would dance for joy if they had a hundred a year left
them! We must be philosophers, you see. I couldn’t shed a tear if I
tried ever so hard. Good-bye, dear mother!’

Mrs. Waltham did not rise, but Letty followed her friend into the hall.
She had been very silent and undemonstrative; now she embraced Adela
tenderly. There was still something of the old diffidence in her
manner, but the effect of her motherhood was discernible. Adela was
childless--a circumstance in itself provocative of a gentle sense of
protection in Letty’s heart.

‘You’ll let us see you every day, darling?’

‘As often as I can, Letty. Don’t let mother get low-spirited. There’s
nothing to grieve about.’

Letty returned to the sitting-room; Mrs. Waltham was still pressing the
handkerchief on this cheek and that alternately.

‘How wonderful she is!’ Letty exclaimed. ‘I feel as if I could never
again fret over little troubles.’

‘Adela has a strong character,’ assented the mother with mournful pride.

Letty, unable to sit long without her baby, fetched it from the nurse’s
arms. The infant’s luncheon-hour had arrived, and the nourishment was
still of Letty’s own providing. It was strange to see on her face the
slow triumph of this ineffable bliss over the grief occasioned by the
recent conversation. Mrs. Waltham had floated into a stream of talk.

‘Now, what a strange thing it is!’ she observed, after many other
reflections, and when the sound of her own voice had had time to soothe.
‘On the very morning of the wedding I had the most singular misgiving,
a feeling I couldn’t explain. One would almost think I had foreseen this
very thing. And you know very well, my dear, that the marriage troubled
me in many ways. It was not _the_ match for Adela, but then--. Adela, as
you say, has a strong character; she is not very easy to reason with.
I tried to make both sides of the question clear to her. But then her
prejudice against Mr. Eldon was very strong, and how naturally, poor
child! Young people don’t like to trust to time; they think everything
must be done quickly. If she had been one to marry for reasons of
interest it might look like a punishment; but then it was so far
otherwise. How much better it would have been to wait a few years! One
really never knows what is going to happen. Young people really ought to
trust others’ experience.’

Letty was only lending half an ear. The general character of her
mother-in-law’s monologues did not encourage much attention. She was
conscious of a little surprise, even now and then of a mild indignation;
but the baby sucking at her breast lulled her into a sweet maternal
apathy. She could only sigh from time to time and wonder whether it was
a good thing or the contrary that Adela had no baby in her trials.


Mutimer did not come to the Manor for luncheon. Rodman, who had been
spending an hour at the works, brought word that business pressed; a
host of things had to be unexpectedly finished off and put in order. He,
Alice, and Adela made pretence of a midday meal; then he went into
the library to smoke a cigar and meditate. The main subject of his
meditation was an interview with Adela which he purposed seeking in the
course of the afternoon. But he had also half-a-dozen letters of the
first importance to despatch to town by the evening post, and these it
was well to get off hand. He had finished them by half-past three. Then
he went to the drawing-room, but found it vacant. He sought his wife’s
chamber. Alice was endeavouring to read a novel, but there was recent
tear-shedding about her eyes, which had not come of the author’s pathos.

‘You’ll be a pretty picture soon if that goes on,’ Rodman remarked, with
a frankness which was sufficiently brutal in spite of his jesting tone.

‘I can’t think how you take it so lightly,’ Alice replied with utter
despondency, flinging the book aside.

‘What’s the good of taking it any other way? Where’s Adela?’

‘Adela?’ She looked at him as closely as her eyes would let her. ‘Why do
you want her?’

‘I asked you where she was. Please to get into the habit of answering my
questions at once. It’ll save time in future.’

She seemed about to resent his harshness, but the effort cost her too
much. She let her head fall forward almost upon her knees and sobbed

Rodman touched her shoulder and shook her, but not roughly.

‘Do not be such an eternal fool!’ he grumbled. ‘Do you know where Adela
is or not?’

‘No, I don’t,’ came the smothered reply. Then, raising her head, ‘Why do
you think so much about Adela?’

He leaned against the dressing-table and laughed mockingly.

‘That’s the matter, eh? You think I’m after her! Don’t be such a goose.’

‘I’d rather you call me a goose than a fool, Willis.’

‘Why, there’s not much difference. Now if you’ll sit up and behave
sensibly, I’ll tell you why I want her.’

‘Really? Will you give me a kiss first?’

‘Poor blubbery princess! Pah! your lips are like a baby’s. Now just
listen, and mind you hold your tongue about what I say. You know there
used to be something between Adela and Eldon. I’ve a notion it went
farther than we know of. Well, I don’t see why we shouldn’t get her to
talk him over into letting you keep your money, or a good part of it. So
you see it’s you I’m thinking about after all, little stupid.’

‘Oh, you really mean that! Kiss me again--look, I’ve wiped my lips, You
really think you can do that, Willis?’

‘No, I don’t think I can, but it’s worth having a try. Eldon has a soft
side, I know. The thing is to find her soft side. I’m going to have
a try to talk her over. Now, where is she likely to be?--out in the

‘Perhaps she’s at her mother’s.’

‘Confound it! Well, I’ll go and look about; I can’t lose time.’

‘You’ll never get her to do anything for _me_, Willis.’

‘Very likely not. But the things that you succeed in are always the most
unlikely, as you’d understand if you’d lived my life.’

‘At all events, I shan’t have to give up my dresses?’

‘Hang your dresses--on the wardrobe pegs!’

He went downstairs again and out into the garden, thence to the entrance
gate. Adela had passed it but a few minutes before, and he saw her a
little distance off. She was going in the direction away from Wanley,
seemingly on a mere walk. He decided to follow her and only join her
when she had gone some way. She walked with her head bent, walked slowly
and with no looking about her. Presently it was plain that she meant to
enter the wood. This was opportune. But he lost sight of her as soon as
she passed among the trees. He quickened his pace; saw her turning off
the main path among the copses. In his pursuit he got astray; he must
have missed her track. Suddenly he was checked by the sound of voices,
which seemed to come from a lower level just in front of him. Cautiously
he stepped forward, till he could see through hazel bushes that there
was a steep descent before him. Below, two persons were engaged in
conversation, and he could hear every word.

The two were Adela and Hubert Eldon. Adela had come to sit for the last
time in the green retreat which was painfully dear to her. Her husband’s
absence gave her freedom; she used it to avoid the Rodmans and to
talk with herself. She F was, as we may conjecture, far from looking
cheerfully into the future. Nor was she content with herself, with her
behaviour in the drama of these two days. In thinking over the scene
with her husband she experienced a shame before her conscience which
could not at first be readily accounted for, for of a truth she had
felt no kind of shame in steadfastly resisting Mutimer’s dishonourable
impulse. But she saw now that in the judgment of one who could read all
her heart she would not come off with unmingled praise. Had there not
been another motive at work in her besides zeal for honour? Suppose the
man benefiting by the will had been another than Hubert Eldon? Surely
that would not have affected her behaviour? Not in practice, doubtless;
but here was a question of feeling, a scrutiny of the soul’s hidden
velleities. No difference in action, be sure; that must ever be upright
But what of the heroism in this particular case? The difference declared
itself; here there had been no heroism whatever. To strip herself and
her husband when a moment’s winking would have kept them well clad? Yes,
but on whose behalf? Had there not been a positive pleasure in making
herself poor that Hubert might be rich? There was the fatal element
in the situation. She came out of the church palpitating with joy; the
first assurance of her husband’s ignominious yielding to temptation
filled her with, not mere scorn, but with dread. Had she not been guilty
of mock nobleness in her voice, her bearing? At the time she did
not feel it, for the thought of Hubert was kept altogether in the
background. Yes, but she saw now how it had shed light and warmth upon
her; the fact was not to be denied, because her consciousness had not
then included it She was shamed.

A pity, is it not? It were so good to have seen her purely noble,
indignant with unmixed righteousness. But, knowing our Adela’s heart,
is it not even sweeter to bear with her? You will go far before you
find virtue in which there is no dear sustaining comfort of self. For
my part, Adela is more to me for the imperfection, infinitely more to
me for the confession of it in her own mind. How can a woman be lovelier
than when most womanly, or more precious than when she reflects her own
weakness in clarity of soul?

As she made her way through the wood her trouble of conscience was lost
in deeper suffering. The scent of undergrowths, which always
brought back to her the glad days of maidenhood, filled her with the
hopelessness of the future. There was no return on the path of life;
every step made those memories of happiness more distant and thickened
the gloom about her. She could be strong when it was needful, could
face the world as well as any woman who makes a veil of pride for her
bleeding heart; but here, amid the sweet wood-perfumes, in silence and
secrecy, self-pity caressed her into feebleness. The light was dimmed
by her tears; she rather felt than saw her way. And thus, with moist
eyelashes, she came to her wonted resting-place. But she found her seat
occupied, and by the man whom in this moment she could least bear to

Hubert sat there, bareheaded, lost in thought. Her light footfall did
not touch his ear. He looked up to find her standing before him, and he
saw that she had been shedding tears. For an instant she was powerless
to direct herself; then sheer panic possessed her and she turned to

Hubert started to his feet.

‘Mrs. Mutimer! Adela!’

The first name would not have stayed her, for her flight was as
unreasoning as that of a fawn. The second, her own name, uttered with
almost desperate appeal, robbed her of the power of movement. She turned
to bay, as though an obstacle had risen in her path, and there was
terror in her white face.

Hubert drew a little nearer and spoke hurriedly.

‘Forgive me! I could not let you go. You seem to have come in answer to
my thought; I was wishing to see you. Do forgive me!’

She knew that he was examining her moist eyes; a rush of blood passed
over her features.

‘Not unless you are willing,’ Hubert pursued, his voice at its gentlest
and most courteous. ‘But if I might speak to you for a few minutes--?’

‘You have heard from Mr. Yottle?’ Adela asked, without raising her eyes,
trying her utmost to speak in a merely natural way.

‘Yes. I happened to be at my mother’s house. He came last night to
obtain my address.’

The truth was, that a generous impulse, partly of his nature, and
in part such as any man might know in a moment of unanticipated good
fortune, had bade him put aside his prejudices and meet Mutimer at once
on a footing of mutual respect. Incapable of ignoble exultation, it
seemed to him that true delicacy dictated a personal interview with
the man who, judging from Yottle’s report, had so cheerfully acquitted
himself of the hard task imposed by honour. But as he walked over from
Agworth this zeal cooled. Could he trust Mutimer to appreciate his
motive? Such a man was capable of acting honourably, but the power
of understanding delicacies of behaviour was not so likely to be his.
Hubert’s prejudices were insuperable; to his mind class differences
necessarily argued a difference in the grain. And it was not only this
consideration that grew weightier as he walked. In the great joy of
recovering his ancestral home, in the sight of his mother’s profound
happiness, he all but forgot the thoughts that had besieged him since
his meetings with Adela in London. As he drew near to Wanley his
imagination busied itself almost exclusively with her; distrust and
jealousy of Mutimer became fear for Adela’s future. Such a change as
this would certainly have a dire effect upon her life. He thought of
her frail appearance; he remembered the glimpse of her face that he
had caught when her husband entered Mrs. Westlake’s drawing-room, the
startled movement she could not suppress. It was impossible to meet
Mutimer with any show of good-feeling; he wondered how he could have set
forth with such an object. Instead of going to the Manor he turned his
steps to the Vicarage, and joined Mr. Wyvern at luncheon. The vicar had
of course heard nothing of the discovery as yet. In the afternoon Hubert
started to walk back to Agworth, but instead of taking the direct road
he strayed into the wood. He was loth to leave the neighbourhood of the
Manor; intense anxiety to know what Adela was doing made him linger
near the place where she was. Was she already suffering from brutal
treatment? What wretchedness might she not be undergoing within those

He said she seemed to have sprung up in answer to his desire. In
truth, her sudden appearance overcame him; her tearful face turned to
irresistible passion that yearning which, consciously or unconsciously,
was at all times present in his life. Her grief could have but one
meaning; his heart went out to her with pity as intense as its longing.
Other women had drawn his eyes, had captured him with the love of a
day; but the deep still affection which is independent of moods and
impressions flowed ever towards Adela. As easily could he have become
indifferent to his mother as to Adela. As a married woman she
was infinitely more to him than she had been as a girl; from her
conversation, her countenance, he knew how richly she had developed, how
her intelligence had ripened how her character had established itself in
maturity. In that utterance of her name the secret escaped him before he
could think how impossible it was to address her so familiarly. It was
the perpetual key-word of his thoughts; only when he had heard it from
his own lips did he realise what he had done.

When he had given the brief answer to her question he could find no more
words. But Adela spoke.

‘What do you wish to say to me, Mr. Eldon?’

Whether or no he interpreted her voice by his own feelings, she seemed
to plead with him to be manly and respect her womanhood.

‘Only to say the common things which anyone must say in my position,
but to say them so that you will believe they are not only a form.
The circumstances are so strange. I want to ask you for your help;
my position is perhaps harder than yours and Mr. Mutimer’s. We must
remember that there is justice to be considered. If you will give me
your aid in doing justice as far as r am able--’

In fault of any other possible reply he had involved himself in a
subject which he knew it was far better to leave untouched. He could not
complete his sentence, but stood before her with his head bent.

Adela scarcely knew what he said; in anguish she sought for a means of
quitting him, of fleeing and hiding herself among the trees. His accent
told her that she was the object of his compassion, and she had invited
it by letting him see her tears. Of necessity he must think that she was
sorrowing on her own account. That was true, indeed, but how impossible
for him to interpret her grief rightly? The shame of being misjudged by
him all but drove her to speak, and tell him that she cared less than
nothing for the loss that had befallen her. Yet she could not trust
herself to speak such words. Her heart was beating insufferably; all the
woman in her rushed towards hysteria and sell-abandonment. It was well
that Hubert’s love was of quality to stand the test of these terrible
moments. Something he must say, and the most insignificant phrase was
the best.

‘Will you sit--rest after your walk?’

She did so; scarcely could she have stood longer. And with the physical
ease there seemed to come a sudden mental relief. A thought sprang up,
opening upon her like a haven of refuge.

‘There is one thing I should like to ask of you,’ she began, forcing
herself to regard him directly. ‘It is a great thing, I am afraid; it
may be impossible.’

‘Will you tell me what it is?’ he said, quietly filling the pause that

‘I am thinking of New Wanley.’

She saw a change in his face, slight, but still a change. She spoke more

‘Will you let the works remain as they are, on the same plan? Will you
allow the workpeople to live under the same rules? I have been among
them constantly, and I am sure that nothing but good results have come
of--of what my husband has done. There is no need to ask you to deal
kindly with them, I know that. But if you could maintain the purpose--?
It will be such a grief to my husband if all his work comes to nothing.
There cannot be anything against your principles in what I ask. It is
so simply for the good of men and women whose lives are so hard. Let New
Wanley remain as an example. Can you do this?’

Hubert, as he listened, joined his hands behind his back, and turned
his eyes to the upper branches of the silver birch, which once in his
thoughts he had likened to Adela. What he heard from her surprised
him, and upon surprise followed mortification. He knew that she had in
appearance adopted Mutimer’s principles, but his talk with her in London
at Mrs. Boscobel’s had convinced him that her heart was in far other
things than economic problems and schemes of revolution. She had
listened so eagerly to his conversation on art and kindred topics; it
was so evident that she was enjoying a temporary release from a mode
of life which chilled all her warmer instincts. Yet she now made it her
entreaty that he would continue Mutimer’s work. Beginning timidly, she
grew to an earnestness which it was impossible to think feigned. He was
unprepared for anything of the kind; his emotions resented it. Though
consciously harbouring no single unworthy desire, he could not endure to
find Adela zealous on her husband’s behalf.

Had he misled himself? Was the grief that he had witnessed really that
of a wife for her husband’s misfortune? For whatever reason she had
married Mutimer--and that _could_ not be love--married life might have
engendered affection. He knew Adela to be deeply conscientious; how far
was it in a woman’s power to subdue herself to love at the bidding of

He allowed several moments to pass before replying to her. Then he said,
courteously but coldly:

‘I am very sorry that you have asked the one thing I cannot do.’

Adela’s heart sank. In putting a distance between him and herself she
had obeyed an instinct of self-preservation; now that it was effected,
the change in his voice was almost more than she could bear.

‘Why do you refuse?’ she asked, trying, though in vain, to look up at

‘Because it is impossible for me to pretend sympathy with Mr. Mutimer’s
views. In the moment that I heard of the will my action with regard to
New Wanley was determined. What I purpose doing is so inevitably the
result of my strongest convictions that nothing could change me.

‘Will you tell me what you are going to do?’ Adela asked, in a tone more
like his own.

‘It will pain You.’

‘Yet I should like to know.’

‘I shall sweep away every trace of the mines and the works and the
houses, and do my utmost to restore the valley to its former state.’

He paused, but Adela said nothing. Her fingers played with the leaves
which grew beside her.

‘Your associations with Wanley of course cannot be as strong as my own.
I was born here, and every dearest memory of my life connects itself
with the valley as it used to be. It was one of the loveliest spots to
be found in England. You can have no idea of the feelings with which I
saw this change fall upon it, this desolation and defilement--I must use
the words which come to me. I might have overcome that grief if I had
sympathised with the ends. But, as it is, I should act in the same way
even if I had no such memories. I know all that you will urge. It may
be inevitable that the green and beautiful spots of the world shall give
place to furnaces and mechanics’ dwellings. For my own part, in this
little corner, at all events, the rum shall be delayed. In this matter
I will give my instincts free play. Of New Wanley not one brick shall
remain on another. I will close the mines, and grass shall again grow
over them; I will replant the orchards and mark out the fields as they
were before.’

He paused again.

‘You see why I cannot do what you ask.’

It was said in a gentler voice, for insensibly his tone had become
almost vehement.

He found a strange pleasure in emphasising his opposition to her.
Perhaps he secretly knew that Adela hung upon his words, and in spite
of herself was drawn into the current of his enthusiasm. But he did not
look into her face. Had he done so he would have seen it fixed and pale.

‘Then you think grass and trees of more importance than human lives?’

She spoke in a voice which sounded coldly ironical in its attempt to be
merely calm.

‘I had rather say that I see no value in human lives in a world from
which grass and trees have vanished. But, in truth, I care little to
make my position logically sound. The ruling motive in my life is the
love of beautiful things; I fight against ugliness because it’s the
only work in which I can engage with all my heart. I have nothing of the
enthusiasm of humanity. In the course of centuries the world may perhaps
put itself right again; I am only concerned with the present, and I
see that everywhere the tendency is towards the rule of mean interests,
ignoble ideals.’

‘Do you call it ignoble,’ broke in Adela, ‘to aim at raising men from
hopeless and degrading toil to a life worthy of human beings?’

‘The end which _you_ have in mind cannot be ignoble. But it is not to
be reached by means such as these.’ He pointed down to the valley. ‘That
may be the only way of raising the standard of comfort among people who
work with their hands; I take the standpoint of the wholly unpractical
man, and say that such efforts do not concern me. From my point of view
no movement can be tolerated which begins with devastating the earth’s
surface. You will clothe your workpeople better, you will give them
better food and more leisure; in doing so you injure the class that
has finer sensibilities, and give power to the class which not only
postpones everything to material well-being, but more and more
regards intellectual refinement as an obstacle in the way of progress.
Progress--the word is sufficient; you have only to think what it has
come to mean. It will be good to have an example of reaction.’

‘When reaction means misery to men and women and little children?’

‘Yes, even if it meant that. As far as I am concerned, I trust it
will have no such results. You must distinguish between humanity and
humanitarianism. I hope I am not lacking in the former; the latter seems
to me to threaten everything that is most precious in the world.’

‘Then you are content that the majority of mankind should be fed and
clothed and kept to labour?’

‘Personally, quite content; for I think it very unlikely that the
majority will ever be fit for anything else. I _know_ that at present
they desire nothing else.’

‘Then they must be taught to desire more.’

Hubert again paused. When he resumed it was with a smile which strove to
be good-humoured.

‘We had better not argue of these things. If I said all that I think you
would accuse me of brutality. In logic you will overcome me. Put me down
as one of those who represent reaction and class-prejudice. I am all

Adela rose.

‘We have talked a long time,’ she said, trying to speak lightly. ‘We
have such different views. I wish there were less class-prejudice.’

Hubert scarcely noticed her words. She was quitting him, and he clung to
the last moment of her presence.

‘Shall you go--eventually go to London?’ he asked.

‘I can’t say. My husband has not yet been able to make plans.’

The word irritated him. He half averted his face.

‘Good-bye, Mr. Eldon.’

She did not offer her hand--durst not do so. Hubert bowed without

When she was near the Manor gates she heard footsteps behind her. She
turned and saw her husband. Her cheeks flushed, for she had been walking
in deep thought. It seemed to her for an instant as if the subject of
her preoccupation could be read upon her face.

‘Where have you been?’ Mutimer asked, indifferently.

‘For a walk. Into the wood.’

He was examining her, for the disquiet of her countenance could not
escape his notice.

‘Why did you go alone? It would have done Alice good to get her out a

‘I’m afraid she wouldn’t have come.’

He hesitated.

‘Has she been saying anything to you?’

‘Only that she is troubled and anxious.’

They walked on together in silence, Mutimer with bowed head and knitted


The making a virtue of necessity, though it argues lack of
ingenuousness, is perhaps preferable to the wholly honest demonstration
of snarling over one’s misfortunes. It may result in good even to the
hypocrite, who occasionally surprises himself with the pleasure he finds
in wearing a front of nobility, and is thereby induced to consider the
advantages of upright behaviour adopted for its own sake. Something of
this kind happened in the case of Richard Mutimer. Seeing that there was
no choice but to surrender his fortune, he set to work to make the most
of abdication, and with the result that the three weeks occupied in
settling his affairs at New Wanley and withdrawing from the Manor were
full of cheerful activity. He did not meet Hubert Eldon, all business
being transacted through Mr. Yottle. When he heard from the latter that
it was Eldon’s intention to make a clean sweep of mines, works, and
settlements, though for a moment chagrined, he speedily saw that such
action, by giving dramatic completeness to his career at Wanley and
investing its close with something of tragic pathos, was in truth what
he should most have desired. It enabled him to take his departure with
an air of profounder sadness; henceforth no gross facts would stand in
the way of his rhetoric when he should enlarge on the possibilities
thus nipped in the bud. He was more than ever a victim of cruel
circumstances; he could speak with noble bitterness of his life’s work
having been swept into oblivion.

He was supported by a considerable amount of epistolary sympathy. The
local papers made an interesting story of what had happened in the
old church at Wanley, and a few of the London journals reported the
circumstances; in this way Mutimer became known to a wider public than
had hitherto observed him. Not only did his fellow-Unionists write to
encourage and moralise, but a number of those people who are ever ready
to indite letters to people of any prominence, the honestly admiring and
the windily egoistic, addressed communications either to Wanley Manor or
to the editor of the ‘Fiery Cross.’ Mutimer read eagerly every word of
each most insignificant scribbler; his eyes gleamed and his cheeks
grew warm. All such letters he brought to Adela, and made her read
them aloud; he stood with his hands behind his back, his face slightly
elevated and at a listening angle. At the end he regarded her, and his
look said: ‘Behold the man who is your husband!’

But at length there came one letter distinct from all the rest; it had
the seal of a Government office. With eyes which scarcely credited what
they saw Mutimer read some twenty or thirty words from a Minister of the
Crown, a gentleman of vigorously Radical opinions, who had ‘heard
with much regret that the undertaking conceived and pursued with such
single-hearted zeal’ had come to an untimely end. Mutimer rushed to
Adela like a schoolboy who has a holiday to announce.

‘Read that now! What do you think of that? Now there’s some hope of a
statesman like that!’

Adela gave forth the letter in a voice which was all too steady. 7 But
she said:

‘I am very glad. It must gratify you. He writes very kindly.’

‘You’ll have to help me to make an answer.’

Adela smiled, but said nothing.

The ceremonious opening of the hall at New Wanley had been a great
day; Mutimer tried his best to make the closing yet more effective. Mr.
Westlake was persuaded to take the chair, but this time the oration was
by the founder himself. There was a numerous assembly. Mutimer spoke for
an hour and a quarter, reviewing what he had done, and enlarging on all
that he might and would have done. There was as much applause as even
he could desire. The proceedings closed with the reading of an address
which was signed by all the people of the works, a eulogium and an
expression of gratitude, not without one or two sentences of fiery
Socialism. The spokesman was a fine fellow of six feet two, a man named
Redgrave, the ideal of a revolutionist workman. He was one of the few
men at the works whom Adela, from observation of their domestic life,
had learnt sincerely to respect. Before reading the document he made a
little speech of his own, and said in conclusion:

‘Here’s an example of how the law does justice in a capitalist society.
The man who makes a grand use of money has it all taken away from him by
the man who makes no use of it at all, except to satisfy his own malice
and his own selfishness. If we don’t one and all swear to do our utmost
to change such a state of things as that, all I can say is we’re a poor
lot, and deserve to be worse treated than the animals, that haven’t the
sense to use their strength!’

In his reply to the address Richard surpassed himself. He rose in
excitement; the words that rushed to his lips could scarcely find
articulate flow. After the due thanks:

‘To-morrow I go to London; I go as poor as the poorest of you, a
mechanical engineer in search of work. Whether I shall find it or not
there’s no saying. If they turned me out because of my opinions three
years ago, it’s not very likely that they’ve grown fonder of me by this
time. As poor as the poorest of you, I say. Most of you probably know
that a small legacy is left to me under the will which gives this
property into other hands. That money will be used, every penny of it,
for the furtherance of our cause!’

It was a magnificent thought, one of those inspirations which reveal
latent genius. The hall echoed with shouts of glorification. Adela, who
sat with her mother and Letty (Mrs. Westlake had not accompanied her
husband), kept her eyes fixed on the ground; the uproar made her head

All seemed to be over and dispersal was beginning, when a gentleman
stood up in the middle of the hall and made signs that he wished to be
heard for a moment. Mutimer aided him in gaining attention. It was Mr.
Yottle, a grizzle-headed, ruddy-cheeked veteran of the law.

‘I merely desire to use this opportunity of reminding those who have
been employed at the works that Mr. Eldon will be glad to meet them in
this hall at half-past ten o’clock to-morrow morning. It will perhaps
be better if the men alone attend, as the meeting will be strictly for
business purposes.’

Adela was among the last to leave the room. As she was moving between
the rows of benches Mr. Westlake approached her. He had only arrived
in time to take his place on the platform, and he was on the point of
returning to London.

I have a note for you from Stella, he said. ‘She has been ailing for a
fortnight; it wasn’t safe for her to come. But she will soon see you, I

‘I hope so,’ Adela replied mechanically, as she took the letter.

Mr. Westlake only added his ‘good-bye,’ and went to take leave of
Mutimer, who was standing at a little distance.

Among those who remained to talk with the hero of the day was our old
friend Keene. Keene had risen in the world, being at present sub-editor
of a Belwick journal. His appearance had considerably improved, and his
manner was more ornate than ever. He took Mutimer by the arm and led him

‘A suggestion--something that occurred to me whilst you were speaking.
You must write the history of New Wanley Not too long; a thing that
could be printed in pamphlet form and sold at a penny or twopence. Speak
to Westlake see if the Union won’t publish. Some simple title: “My Work
in New Wanley,” for instance. I’ll see that it’s well noticed in our

‘Not a bad idea!’ Mutimer exclaimed, throwing back his head.

‘Trust me, not half bad. Be of use in the propaganda. Just think it
over, and, if you care to, allow me to read it in manuscript. There’s
a kind of art--eh? you know what I mean; it’s only to be got by
journalistic practice. Yes, “My Work in New Wanley”; I think that would

‘I’m going to lecture at Commonwealth Hall next Sunday,’ Mutimer
observed. ‘I’ll take that for my title.’

‘By-the-bye how--what was I going to say? Oh yes, how is Mrs. Rodman?’

‘Tolerable, I believe.’

‘In London, presumably?’


‘Not much--not taking it to heart much, I hope?’

‘Not particularly? I think.’

‘I should be glad to be remembered--a word when you see her. Thanks,
Mutimer, thanks. I must be off.’

Adela was making haste to Teach the Manor, that she might read
Stella’s letter She and her husband were to dine this evening with the
Walthams--a farewell meal. With difficulty she escaped from her mother
and Letty; Stella’s letter demanded a quarter of an hour of solitude.

She reached her room, and broke the envelope. Stella never wrote at much
length, but to-day there were only a few lines.

‘My love to you, heart’s darling. I am not well enough to come, and I
think it likely you had rather I did not. But in a few hours you will be
near me. Come as soon as ever you can. I wait for you like the earth for
spring. ‘STELLA.’

She kissed the paper and put it in the bosom of her dress. It was
already time to go to her mother’s.

She found her mother and Letty with grave faces; something seemed to
have disturbed them. Letty tried to smile and appear at ease, but Mrs.
Waltham was at no pains to hide the source of her dissatisfaction.

‘Did you know of that, Adela?’ she asked, with vexation. ‘About the
annuity, I mean. Had Richard spoken to you of his intention?’

Adela replied with a simple negative. She had not given the matter a

‘Then he certainly should have done. It was his duty, I consider,
to tell _me_. It is in express contradiction of all he has led me to
understand. What are you going to live on, I should like to know? It’s
very unlikely that he will find a position immediately. He is absolutely
reckless, wickedly thoughtless! My dear, it is not too late even now. I
insist on your staying with us until your husband has found an assured
income. The idea of your going to live in lodgings in an obscure part of
London is more than I can bear, and _now_ it really appals me. Adela,
my child, it’s impossible for you to go under these circumstances. The
commonest decency will oblige him to assent to this arrangement.’

‘My dear mother,’ Adela replied seriously, ‘pray do not reopen that. It
surely ought to be needless for me to repeat that it is my duty to go to

‘But, Adela darling,’ began Letty, very timorously, ‘wouldn’t it be
relieving your husband? How much freer he would be to look about,
knowing you are here safe and in comfort. I really--I do really think
mother is right.’

Before Adela could make any reply there sounded a knock at the front
door; Richard came in. He cast a glance round at the three. The
others might have escaped his notice, but Mrs. Waltham was too plainly

‘Has anything happened?’ he asked in an offhand way.

‘I am distressed, more than I can tell you,’ began his mother-in-law.
‘Surely you did not mean what you said about the money--’

‘Mother!’ came from Adela’s lips, but she checked herself.

Mutimer thrust his hands into his pockets and stood smiling.

‘Yes, I meant it.’

‘But, pray, what are you and Adela going to live upon?’

‘I don’t think we shall have any difficulty.’

‘But surely one must more than _think_ in a matter such as this. You
mustn’t mind me speaking plainly, Richard. Adela is my only daughter,
and the thought of her undergoing needless hardships is so dreadful to
me that I really must speak. I have a plan, and I am sure you will see
that it is the very best for all of us. Allow Adela to remain with me
for a little while, just till you have--have made things straight. It
certainly would ease your mind. She is so very welcome to a share of our
home. You would feel less hampered. I am sure you will consent to this.’

Mutimer’s smile died away. He avoided Mrs. Waltham’s face, and let his
eyes pass in a cold gaze from Letty, who almost shrank, to Adela, who
stood with an air of patience.

‘What do you say to this?’ he asked of his wife, in a tone civil indeed,
but very far from cordial.

‘I have been trying to show mother that I cannot do as she wishes. It
is very kind of her, but, unless you think it would be better for me to
stay, I shall of course accompany you.’

‘You can stay if you like.’

Adela understood too well what that permission concealed.

‘I have no wish to stay.’

Mutimer turned his look on Mrs. Waltham, without saying anything.

‘Then I can say no more,’ Mrs. Waltham replied. ‘But you must understand
that I take leave of my daughter with the deepest concern. I hope you
will remember that her health for a long time has been anything but
good, and that she was never accustomed to do hard and coarse work.’

‘We won’t talk any more of this, mother,’ Adela interposed firmly. ‘I am
sure you need have no fear that I shall be tried beyond my strength. You
must remember that I go with my husband.’

The high-hearted one! She would have died rather than let her mother
perceive that her marriage was less than happy. To the end she would
speak that word ‘my husband,’ when it was necessary to speak it at all,
with the confidence of a woman who knows no other safeguard against the
ills of life. To the end she would shield the man with her own dignity,
and protect him as far as possible even against himself.

Mutimer smiled again, this time with satisfaction.

‘I certainly think we can take care of ourselves,’ he remarked briefly.

In a few minutes they were joined by Alfred, who had only just returned
from Belwick, and dinner was served. It was not a cheerful evening.
At Adela’s request it had been decided in advance that the final
leave-taking should be to-night; she and Mutimer would drive to Agworth
station together with Alfred the first thing in the morning. At ten
o’clock the parting came. Letty could not speak for sobbing; she just
kissed Adela and hurried from the room. Mrs. Waltham preserved a rather
frigid stateliness.

‘Good-bye, my dear,’ she said, when released from her daughter’s
embrace. ‘I hope I may have good news from you.’

With Mutimer she shook hands.

It was a starry and cold night. The two walked side by side without
speaking. When they were fifty yards on their way, a figure came out of
a corner of the road, and Adela heard Letty call her name.

‘I will overtake you,’ she said to her husband.

‘Adela, my sweet, I _couldn’t_ say good-bye to you in the house!’

Letty hung about her dear one’s neck. Adela choked; she could only press
her cheek against that moist one.

‘Write to me often--oh, write often,’ Letty sobbed. ‘And tell me the
truth, darling, will you?’

‘It will be all well, dear sister,’ Adela whispered.

‘Oh, that is a dear name! Always call me that. I can’t say good-bye,
darling. You will come to see us as soon as ever you can?’

‘As soon as I can, Letty.’

Adela found her husband awaiting her.

‘What did she want?’ he asked, with genuine surprise.

‘Only to say good-bye.’

‘Why, she’d said it once.’

The interior of the Manor was not yet disturbed, but all the furniture
was sold, and would be taken away on the morrow. They went to the
drawing room. After some insignificant remarks Mutimer asked:

‘What letter was that Westlake gave you?’

‘It was from Stella--from Mrs. Westlake.’

He paused. Then:

‘Will you let me see it?’

‘Certainly, if you wish.’

She felt for it in her bosom and handed it to him. It shook in her

‘Why does she think you’d rather she didn’t come?’

‘I suppose because the occasion seems to her painful.’

‘I don’t see that it was painful at all. What did you think of my

‘The first one or the second?’

‘Both, if you like. I meant the first.’

‘You told the story very well.’

‘You’ll never spoil me by over-praise.’

Adela was silent.

‘About this,’ he resumed, tapping the note which he still held. ‘I
don’t think you need go there very often. It seems to me you don’t get
much good from them.’

She looked at him inquiringly.

‘Theirs isn’t the kind of Socialism I care much about,’ he continued,
with the air of giving a solid reason. ‘It seems to me that Westlake’s
going off on a road of his own, and one that leads nowhere. All that
twaddle to-day about the development of society! I don’t think he spoke
of me as he might have done. You’ll see there won’t be half a report in
the “Fiery Gross.”’

Adela was still silent.

‘I don’t mean to say you’re not to see Mrs. Westlake at all, if you want
to,’ he pursued. ‘I shouldn’t have thought she was the kind of woman
to suit you. If the truth was known, I don’t think she’s a Socialist at
all. But then, no more are you, eh?’

‘There is no one with a more passionate faith in the people than Mrs.
Westlake,’ Adela returned.

‘Faith! That won’t do much good.’

He was silent a little, then went to another subject.

‘Rodman writes that he’s no intention of giving up the money. I knew it
would come to that.’

‘But the law will compel him,’ Adela exclaimed.

‘It’s a roundabout business. Eldon’s only way of recovering it is to
bring an action against me. Then I shall have to go to law with Rodman.’

‘But how can he refuse? It is--’

She checked herself, remembering that words were two-edged.

‘Oh, he writes in quite a friendly way--makes a sort of joke of it.
We’ve to get what we can of him, he says. But he doesn’t get off if I
can help it. I must see Yottle on our way tomorrow.’

‘Keene wants me to write a book about New Wanley,’ he said presently.

‘A book?’

‘Well, a small one. It could be called, “My Work at New Wanley.” It
might do good.’

‘Yes, it might,’ Adela assented absently.

‘You look tired. Get off to bed; you’ll have to be up early in the
morning, and it’ll be a hard day.’

Adela went, hopeful of oblivion till the ‘hard day’ should dawn.

The next morning they were in Belwick by half-past nine. Alfred took
leave of them and went off to business. He promised to ‘look them up’ in
London before very long, probably at Christmas. Between him and Mutimer
there was make-believe of cordiality at parting; they had long ceased to
feel any real interest in each other.

Adela had to spend the time in the railway waiting-room whilst her
husband went to see Yottle. It was a great bare place; when she entered,
she found a woman in mourning, with a little boy, sitting alone. The
child was eating a bun, his mother was silently shedding tears. Adela
seated herself as far from them as possible, out of delicacy, but she
saw the woman look frequently towards her, and at last rise as if
to come and speak. She was a feeble, helpless-looking being of about
thirty; evidently the need of sympathy overcame her, for she had no
other excuse for addressing Adela save to tell that her luggage had gone
astray, and that she was waiting in the hope that something might be
heard of it. Finding a gentle listener, she talked on and on, detailing
the wretched circumstances under which she had recently been widowed,
and her miserable prospects in a strange town whither she was going.
Adela made an effort to speak in words of comfort, but her own voice
sounded hopeless in her ears. In the station was a constant roaring and
hissing, bell-ringing and the shriek of whistles, the heavy trundling of
barrows, the slamming of carriage-doors; everywhere a smell of smoke.
It impressed her as though all the ‘world had become homeless, and
had nothing to do but journey hither and thither in vain search of a
resting-place. And her waiting lasted more than an hour. But for the
effort to dry another’s tears it would have been hard to restrain her

The morning had threatened rain; when at length the journey to London
began, the black skies yielded a steady downpour Mutimer was anything
but cheerful; establishing himself in a corner of the third-class
carriage, he for a time employed himself with a newspaper; then,
throwing it on to Adela’s lap, closed his eyes as if he hoped to sleep.
Adela glanced up and down the barren fields of type, but there was
nothing that could hold her attention, and, by chance looking at her
husband’s face, she continued to examine it. Perhaps he was asleep,
perhaps only absorbed in thought. His lips were sullenly loose beneath
the thick reddish moustache his eyebrows had drawn themselves together,
scowling. She could not avert her gaze; it seemed to her that she was
really scrutinising his face for the first time, and it was as that of
a stranger. Not one detail had the stamp of familiarity: the whole
repelled her. What was the meaning now first revealed to her in that
countenance? The features had a massive regularity; there was nothing
grotesque, nothing on the surface repulsive; yet, beholding the face as
if it were that of a man unknown to her, she felt that a whole world of
natural antipathies was between it and her.

It was the face of a man by birth and breeding altogether beneath her.

Never had she understood that as now; never had she conceived so
forcibly the reason which made him and her husband and wife only in
name. Suppose that apparent sleep of his to be the sleep of death; he
would pass from her consciousness like a shadow from the field, leaving
no trace behind. Their life of union was a mockery; their married
intimacy was an unnatural horror. He was not of her class, not of her
world; only by violent wrenching of the laws of nature had they come
together. She had spent years in trying to convince herself that there
were no such distinctions, that only an unworthy prejudice parted class
from class. One moment of true insight was worth more than all her
theorising on abstract principles. To be her equal this man must be
born again, of other parents, in other conditions of life. ‘I go back
to London a mechanical engineer in search of employment.’ They were the
truest words he had ever uttered; they characterised him, classed him.

She had no claims to aristocratic descent, but her parents were
gentlefolk; that is to say, they were both born in a position which
encouraged personal refinement rather than the contrary, which expected
of them a certain education in excess of life’s barest need, which
authorised them to use the service of ruder men and women in order to
secure to themselves a margin of life for life’s sake. Perhaps for three
generations her ancestors could claim so much gentility; it was more
than enough to put a vast gulf between her and the Mutimers. Favourable
circumstances of upbringing had endowed her with delicacy of heart
and mind not inferior to that of any woman living; mated with an equal
husband, the children born of her might hope to take their place among
the most beautiful and the most intelligent. And her husband was a man
incapable of understanding her idlest thought.

He opened his eyes, looked at her blankly for a moment, stirred his
limbs to make his position easier.

Pouring rain in London streets. The cab drove eastward, but for no great
distance. Adela found herself alighting at a lodging-house not far from
the reservoir at the top of Pentonville Hill. Mutimer had taken these
rooms a week ago.

A servant fresh from the blackleading of a grate opened the door to
them, grinning with recognition at the sight of Mutimer. The latter had
to help the cabman to deposit the trunks in the passage. Then Adela was
shown to her bedroom.

It was on the second floor, the ordinary bedroom of cheap furnished
lodgings, with scant space between the foot of the bed and the
fireplace, with a dirty wall-paper and a strong musty odour. The window
looked upon a backyard.

She passed from the bedroom to the sitting-room; here was the same
vulgar order, the same musty smell. The table was laid for dinner.

Mutimer read his wife’s countenance furtively. He could not discover how
the abode impressed her, and he put no question. When he returned from
the bedroom she was sitting before the fire, pensive.

‘You’re hungry, I expect?’ he said.

Her appetite was far from keen, but in order not to appear discontented
she replied that she would be glad of dinner.

The servant, her hands and face half washed, presently appeared with a
tray on which were some mutton-chops, potatoes, and a cabbage. Adela did
her best to eat, but the chops were ill-cooked, the vegetables poor in
quality. There followed a rice-pudding; it was nearly cold; coagulated
masses of rice appeared beneath yellowish water. Mutimer made no remark
about the food till the table was cleared. Then he said:

‘They’ll have to do better than that. The first day, of course--You’ll
have a talk with the landlady whilst I’m out to-night. Just let her see
that you won’t be content with _anything_; you have to talk plainly to
these people.’

‘Yes, I’ll speak about it,’ Adela replied.

‘They made a trouble at first about waiting on us,’ Mutimer pursued.
‘But I didn’t see how we could get our own meals very well. You can’t
cook, can you?’

He smiled, and seemed half ashamed to ask the question.

‘Oh yes; I can cook ordinary things,’ Adela said. ‘But--we haven’t a
kitchen, have we?’

‘Well, no. If we did anything of that kind, it would have to be on this
fire. She charges us four shillings a week more for cooking the dinner.’

He added this information in a tone of assumed carelessness.

‘I think we might save that,’ Adela said. ‘If I had the necessary
things--I should like to try, if you will let me.’

‘Just as you please. I don’t suppose the stuff they send us up will ever
be very eatable. But it’s too bad to ask you to do work of that kind.’

‘Oh, I shan’t mind it in the least! It will be far better, better in
every way.’

Mutimer brightened up.

‘In that case we’ll only get them to do the housemaid work. You can
explain that to the woman; her name is Mrs. Gulliman.’

He paused.

‘Think you can make yourself at home, here?’

‘Yes, certainly.’

‘That’s all right. I shall go out now for an hour or so. You can unpack
your boxes and get things in order a bit.’

Adela had her interview with Mrs. Gulliman in the course of the
evening, and fresh arrangements were made, not perhaps to the landlady’s
satisfaction, though she made a show of absorbing interest and vast
approval. She was ready to lend her pots and pans till Adela should have
made purchase of those articles.

Adela had the satisfaction of saving four shillings a week.

Two days later Mutimer sought eagerly in the ‘Fiery Gross’ for a report
of the proceedings at New Wanley. Only half a column was given to the
subject, the speeches being summarised. He had fully expected that the
week’s ‘leader’ would be concerned with his affairs, but there was no
mention of him.

He bought the ‘Tocsin.’ Foremost stood an article headed, ‘The Bursting
of a Soap Bubble.’ It was a satirical review of the history of New
Wanley, signed by Comrade Roodhouse. He read in one place: ‘Undertakings
of this kind, even if pursued with genuine enthusiasm, are worse than
useless; they are positively pernicious. They are half measures, and can
only result in delaying the Revolution. It is assumed that working-men
can be kept in a good temper with a little better housing and a little
more money. That is to aid the capitalists, to smooth over huge wrongs
with petty concessions, to cry peace where there is no peace. We know
this kind of thing of old. It is the whole system of wage-earning that
must be overthrown--the ideas which rule the relations of employers
and employed. Away with these palliatives; let us rejoice when we see
working men starving and ill-clad, for in that way their eyes will be
opened. The brute who gets the uttermost farthing out of the toil of his
wage-slaves is more a friend to us and our cause than any namby-pamby
Socialist, such as the late Dukeling of New Wanley. Socialist indeed!
But enough. We have probably heard the last of this _parvenu_ and
his loudly trumpeted schemes. No true friend of the Revolution can be

Mutimer bit his lip.

‘Heard the last of me, have they? Don’t be too hasty, Roodhouse.’


A week later; the scene, the familiar kitchen in Wilton Square. Mrs.
Mutimer, upon whom time has laid unkind hands since last we saw her,
is pouring tea for Alice Rodman, who has just come all the way from
the West End to visit her. Alice, too, has suffered from recent
vicissitudes; her freshness is to seek, her bearing is no longer
buoyant, she is careless in attire. To judge from the corners of her
mouth, she is confirmed in querulous habits; her voice evidences the

She was talking of certain events of the night before.

‘It was about half-past twelve--I’d just got into bed--when the servant
knocks at my door. “Please, mum,” she says, “there’s a policeman wants
to see master.” You may think if I wasn’t frightened out of my life! I
don’t think it was two minutes before I got downstairs, and there the
policeman stood in the hall. I told him I was Mrs. Rodman, and then he
said a young man called Henry Mutimer had got locked up for making a
disturbance outside a music hall, and he’d sent to my husband to
bail him out. Well, just as we were talking in comes Willis. Rare
and astonished he was to see me with all my things huddled on and a
policeman in the house. We did so laugh afterwards; he said he thought
I’d been committing a robbery. But he wouldn’t bail ‘Arry, and I
couldn’t blame him. And now he says ‘Arry ‘ll have to do as best he can.
He won’t get him another place.’

‘He’s lost his place too?’ asked the mother gloomily.

‘He was dismissed yesterday. He says that’s why he went drinking too
much. Out of ten days that he’s been in the place he’s missed two and
hasn’t been punctual once. I think you might have seen he got off at the
proper time in the morning, mother.’

‘What’s the good o’ blamin’ me?’ exclaimed the old woman fretfully.
‘A deal o’ use it is for me to talk. If I’m to be held ‘countable he
doesn’t live here no longer; I know that much.’

‘Dick was a fool to pay his fine. I’d have let him go to prison for
seven days; it would have given him a lesson.’

Mrs. Mutimer sighed deeply, and lost herself in despondent thought.
Alice sipped her tea and went on with her voluble talk.

‘I suppose he’ll show up some time to-night unless Dick keeps him. But
he can’t do that, neither, unless he makes him sleep on the sofa in
their sitting-room. A nice come-down for my lady, to be living in two
furnished rooms! But it’s my belief they’re not so badly off as they
pretend to be. It’s all very well for Dick to put on his airs and go
about saying he’s given up every farthing; he doesn’t get me to believe
that. He wouldn’t go paying away his pounds so readily. And they have
attendance from the landlady; Mrs. Adela doesn’t soil her fine finger’s,
trust her. You may depend upon it, they’ve plenty. She wouldn’t speak a
word for us; if she cared to, she could have persuaded Mr. Eldon to
let me keep my money, and then there wouldn’t have been all this law

‘What bother’s that?’

‘Why, Dick says he’ll go to law with my husband to recover the money he
paid him when we were married. It seems he has to answer for it, because
he’s what they call the administrator, and Mr. Eldon can compel him to
make it all good again.’

‘But I thought you said you’d given it all up?’

‘That’s my own money, what was settled on me. I don’t see what good it
was to me; I never had a penny of it to handle. Now they want to get all
the rest out of us. How are we to pay back the money that’s spent and
gone, I’d like to know? Willis says they’ll just have to get it if they
can. And here’s Dick going on at me because we don’t go into lodgings!
I don’t leave the house before I’m obliged, I know that much. We may as
well be comfortable as long as we can.

‘The mean thing, that Adela!’ she pursued after a pause. ‘She was to
have married Mr. Eldon, and broke it off when she found he wasn’t going
to be as rich as she thought; then she caught hold of Dick. I should
like to have seen her face when she found that will!--I wish it had been

Alice laughed unpleasantly. Her mother regarded her with an air of
curious inquiry, then murmured:

‘Dick and she did the honest thing. I’ll say so much for them.’

‘I’ll be even with Mrs. Adela yet,’ pursued Alice, disregarding the
remark. ‘She wouldn’t speak for me, but she’s spoken for herself, no
fear. She and her airs!’

There was silence; then Mrs. Mutimer said:

‘I’ve let the top bedroom for four-and-six.’

‘’Arry’s room? What’s he going to do then?’

‘He’ll have to sleep on the chair-bedstead, here in the kitchen. That
is, if I have him in the ‘ouse at all. And I don’t know yet as I shall.’

‘Have you got enough money to go on with?’ Alice asked.

‘Dick sent me a pound this morning. I didn’t want it’

‘Has he been to see you yet, mother?’

The old woman shook her head.

‘Do you want him to come, or don’t you?’

There was silence. Alice looked at her mother askance. The leathern mask
of a face was working with some secret emotion.

‘He’ll come if he likes, I s’pose,’ was her abrupt answer.

In the renewed silence they heard some one enter the house and descend
the kitchen stairs. ‘Arry presented himself. He threw his hat upon a
chair, and came forward with a swagger to seat himself at the tea-table.

His mother did not look at him.

‘Anything to eat?’ he asked, more loudly than was necessary, as if he
found the silence oppressive.

‘There’s bread and butter,’ replied Alice, with lofty scorn.

‘Hullo! Is it you?’ exclaimed the young man, affecting to recognise his
sister. ‘I thought you was above coming here Have they turned you out of
your house?’

‘That’s what’ll happen to you, I shouldn’t wonder.’

‘Arry cast a glance towards his mother. Seeing that her eyes were fixed
in another direction, he began pantomimic interrogation of Alice. The
latter disregarded him.

‘Arry presented an appearance less than engaging. He still bore the
traces of last night’s debauch and of his sojourn in the police-cell.
There was dry mud on the back of his coat, his shirt-cuffs and collar
were of a slaty hue, his hands and face filthy. He began to eat bread
and butter, washing down each morsel with a gulp of tea. The spoon
remained in the cup whilst he drank. To ‘Arry it was a vast relief to be
free from the conventionalities of Adela’s table.

‘That lawyer fellow Yottle’s been to see them to-day,’ he remarked

Alice looked at him eagerly.

‘What about?’

‘There was talk about you and Rodman.’

‘What did they say?’

‘Couldn’t hear. I was in the other room. But I heard Yottle speaking
your name.’

He had, in fact, heard a few words through the keyhole, but not enough
to gather the sense of the conversation, which had been carried on in
discreet tones.

‘There you are!’ Alice exclaimed, addressing her mother. ‘They’re
plotting against us, you see.’

‘I don’t think it ‘ud be Dick’s wish to do you harm,’ said Mrs. Mutimer

‘Dick ‘ll do whatever she tells him.’

‘Adela, eh?’ observed ‘Arry. ‘She’s a cat.’

‘You mind your own business!’ returned his sister.

‘So it is my business. She looked at me as if I wasn’t good enough to
come near her ‘igh-and-mightiness. I’m glad to see _her_ brought down a
peg, chance it!’

Alice would not condescend to join her reprobate brother, even in abuse
of Adela. She very shortly took leave of her mother, who went up to the
door with her.

‘Are you going to see Dick?’ Mrs. Mutimer said, in the passage.

‘I shan’t see him till he comes to my house,’ replied Alice sharply.

The old woman stood on the doorstep till her daughter was out of sight,
then sighed and returned to her kitchen.

Alice returned to her more fashionable quarter by omnibus. Though Rodman
had declined to make any change in their establishment, he practised
economy in the matter of his wife’s pin-money. Gone were the delights
of shopping, gone the little lunches in confectioners’ shops to which
Alice, who ate sweet things like a child, had been much addicted. Even
the carriage she could seldom make use of, for Rodman had constant need
of it--to save cab-fares, he said. It was chiefly employed in taking
him to and from the City, where he appeared to have much business at

On reaching home Alice found a telegram from her husband.

‘Shall bring three friends to dinner. Be ready for us at half-past

Yet he had assured her that he would dine quietly alone with her at
eight o’clock. Alice, who was weary of the kind of men her husband
constantly brought, felt it as a bitter disappointment. Besides, it was
already after six, and there were no provisions in the house. But for
her life she durst not cause Rodman annoyance by offering a late or
insufficient dinner. She thanked her stars that her return had been even
thus early.

The men when they presented themselves were just of the kind she
expected--loud-talking--their interests divided between horse-racing and
the money-market; she was a cipher at her own table, scarcely a remark
being addressed to her. The conversation was meaningless to her;
it seemed, indeed, to be made purposely mysterious; terms of the
stock-exchange were eked out with nods and winks. Rodman was in far
better spirits than of late, whence Alice gathered that some promising
rascality was under consideration.

The dinner over, she was left to amuse herself as she could in the
drawing-room. Rodman and his friends continued their talk round the
table, and did not break up till close upon mid night. Then she heard
the men take their departure. Rodman presently came up to her and threw
himself into a chair. His face was very red, a sign with which Alice was
familiar; but excessive potations apparently had not produced the usual
effect, for he was still in the best of tempers.

‘Seen that young blackguard?’ he began by asking.

‘I went to see mother, and he came while I was there.’

‘He’ll have to look after himself in future. You don’t catch me helping
him again.’

‘He says Mr. Yottle came to see them to-day.’

‘To see who?’

‘Dick and his wife. He heard them talking about us.’

Rodman laughed.

‘Let ‘em go ahead! I wish them luck.’

‘But can’t they ruin us if they like?’

‘It’s all in a life. It wouldn’t be the first time I’ve been ruined, old
girl. Let’s enjoy ourselves whilst we can. There’s nothing like plenty
of excitement.’

‘It’s all very well for you, Willis. But if you had to sit at home all
day doing nothing, you wouldn’t find it so pleasant.’

‘Get some novels.’

‘I’m tired of novels,’ she replied, sighing.

‘So Yottle was with them?’ Rodman said musingly, a smile still on his
face. ‘I wish I knew what terms they’ve come to with Eldon.’

‘I wish I could do something to pay out that woman!’ exclaimed Alice
bitterly. ‘She’s at the bottom of it all. She hates both of us. Dick ‘ud
never have gone against you but for her.’

Rodman, extended in the low chair at full length, fixed an amused look
on her.

‘You’d like to pay her out, eh?’

‘Wouldn’t I just!’

‘Ha! ha! what a vicious little puss you are! It’s a good thing I don’t
tell you everything, or you might do damage.’

Alice turned to him with eagerness.

‘What do you mean?’

He let his head fall back, and laughed with a drunken man’s hilarity.
Alice persisted with her question.

‘Come and sit here,’ Rodman said, patting his knee.

Alice obeyed him.

‘What is it, Willis? What have you found out? Do tell me, there’s a

‘I’ll tell you one thing, old girl: you’re losing your good looks.
Nothing like what you were when I married you.’

She flushed and looked miserable.

‘I can’t help my looks. I don’t believe you care how I look.’

‘Oh, don’t I, though! Why, do you think I’d have stuck to you like this
if I didn’t? What was to prevent me from realising all the cash I could
and clearing off, eh? ‘Twouldn’t have been the first--’

‘The first what?’ Alice asked sharply.

‘Never mind. You see I didn’t do it. Too bad to leave the Princess in
the lurch, wouldn’t it be?’

Alice seemed to have forgotten the other secret. She searched his face
for a moment, deeply troubled, then asked:

‘Willis, I want to know who Clara is?’

He moved his eyes slowly, and regarded her with a puzzled look.

‘Clara? What Clara?’

‘Somebody you know of. You’ve got a habit of talking in your sleep
lately. You were calling out “Clara!” last night, and that’s the second
time I’ve heard you.’

He was absent for a few seconds, then laughed and shook his head.

‘I don’t know anybody called Clara. It’s your mistake.’

‘I’m quite sure it isn’t,’ Alice murmured discontentedly.

‘Well, then, we’ll say it is,’ he rejoined in a firmer voice. ‘If I
talk in my sleep, perhaps it’ll be better for you to pay no attention. I
might find it inconvenient to live with you.’

Alice looked frightened at the threat.

‘You’ve got a great many secrets from me,’ she said despondently.

‘Of course I have. It is for your good. I was going to tell you one just
now, only you don’t seem to care to bear it.’

‘Yes, yes, I do!’ Alice exclaimed, recollecting. ‘Is it something about

He nodded.

‘Wouldn’t it delight you to go and get her into a terrible row with

‘Oh, do tell me! What’s she been doing?’

‘I can’t quite promise you the fun,’ he replied, laughing. ‘It may miss
fire. What do you think of her meeting Eldon alone in the wood that
Monday afternoon, the day after she found the will, you know?’

‘You mean that?’

‘I saw them together.’

‘But she--you don’t mean she--?’

Even Alice, with all her venom against her brother’s wife, had a
difficulty in attributing this kind of evil to Adela. In spite of
herself she was incredulous.

‘Think what you like,’ said Rodman. ‘It looks queer, that’s all.’

It was an extraordinary instance of malice perpetrated out of sheer
good-humour. Had he not been assured by what he heard in the wood of the
perfectly innocent relations between Adela and Eldon, he would naturally
have made some profitable use of his knowledge before this. As long
as there was a possibility of advantage in keeping on good terms with
Adela, he spoke to no one of that meeting which he had witnessed. Even
now he did not know but that Adela had freely disclosed the affair
to her husband. But his humour was genially mischievous. If he could
gratify Alice and at the same time do the Mutimers an ill turn, why not
amuse himself?

‘I’ll tell Dick the very first thing in the morning!’ Alice declared,
aglow with spiteful anticipation.

Rodman approved the purpose, and went off to bed laughing uproariously.


Adela allowed a week to pass before speaking of her desire to visit
Mrs. Westlake. In Mutimer a fit of sullenness had followed upon his
settlement in lodgings. He was away from home a good deal, but his hours
of return were always uncertain, and Adela could not help thinking
that he presented himself at unlikely times, merely for the sake of
surprising her and discovering her occupation. Once or twice she had no
knowledge of his approach until he opened the door of the room; when she
remarked on his having ascended the stairs so quietly, he professed not
to understand her. On one of those occasions she was engaged on a letter
to her mother; he inquired to whom she was writing, and for reply
she merely held out the sheet for his perusal. He glanced at the
superscription, and handed it back. Breathing this atmosphere of
suspicion, she shrank from irritating him by a mention of Stella, and to
go without his express permission was impossible. Stella did not write;
Adela began to fear lest her illness had become more serious. When she
spoke at length, it was in one of the moments of indignation, almost of
revolt, which at intervals came to her, she knew not at what impulse. At
Wanley her resource at such times had been to quit the house, and pace
her chosen walk in the garden till she was weary. In London she had
no refuge, and the result of her loss of fresh air had speedily shown
itself in moods of impatience which she found it very difficult to
conquer. Her husband came home one afternoon about five o’clock, and,
refusing to have any tea, sat for several hours in complete silence;
occasionally he pretended to look at a pamphlet which he had brought in
with him, but for the most part he sat, with his legs crossed, frowning
at vacancy. Adela grew feverish beneath the oppression of this brooding
ill-temper; her endeavour to read was vain; the silence was a constraint
upon her moving, her breathing. She spoke before she was conscious of an
intention to do so.

‘I think I must go and see Mrs. Westlake to-morrow morning.’

Mutimer vouchsafed no answer, gave no sign of having heard. She repeated
the words.

‘If you must, you must.’

‘I wish to,’ Adela said with an emphasis she could not help. ‘Do you
object to my going?’

He was surprised at her tone.

‘I don’t object. I’ve told you I think you get no good there. But go if
you like.’

She said after a silence:

‘I have no other friend in London; and if it were only on account of her
kindness to me, I owe her a visit.’

‘All right, don’t talk about it any more; I’m thinking of something.’

The evening wore on. At ten o’clock the servant brought up a jug of
beer, which she fetched for Mutimer every night; he said he could not
sleep without this sedative. It was always the sign for Adela to go to

She visited Stella in the morning, and found her still suffering. They
talked for an hour, then it was time for Adela to hasten homewards,
in order to have dinner ready by half-past one. From Stella she had no
secret, save the one which she did her best to make a secret even to
herself; she spoke freely of her mode of life, though without comment.
Stella made no comments in her replies.

‘And you cannot have lunch with me?’ she asked when her friend rose.

‘I cannot; dear.’

‘May I write to you?’ Stella said with a meaning look.

‘Yes, to tell me how you are.’

Adela had not got far from the house when she saw her husband walking
towards her. She looked at him steadily.

‘I happened to be near,’ he explained, ‘and thought I might as well go
home with you.’

‘I might have been gone.’

‘Oh, I shouldn’t have waited long.’

The form of his reply discovered that he had no intention of calling
at the house; Adela understood that he had been in Avenue Road for some
time, probably had reached it very soon after her.

The next morning there arrived for Mutimer a letter from Alice. She
desired to see him; her husband would be from home all day, and she
would be found at any hour; her business was of importance--underlined.

Mutimer went shortly after breakfast, and Alice received him very much
as she would have done in the days before the catastrophe. She had
arrayed herself with special care; he found her leaning on cushions, her
feet on a stool, the eternal novel on her lap. Her brother had to stifle
anger at seeing her thus in appearance unaffected by the storm which had
swept away his own happiness and luxuries.

‘What is it you want?’ he asked at once, without preliminary greeting.

‘You are not very polite,’ Alice returned. ‘Perhaps you’ll take a

‘I haven’t much time, so please don’t waste what I can afford.’

‘Are you so busy? Have you found something to do?’

‘I’m likely to have enough to do with people who keep what doesn’t
belong to them.’

‘It isn’t my doing, Dick,’ she said more seriously.

‘I don’t suppose it is.’

‘Then you oughtn’t to be angry with me.’

‘I’m not angry. What do you want?’

‘I went to see mother yesterday. I think she wants you to go; it looked
like it.’

‘I’ll go some day.’

‘It’s too bad that she should have to keep ‘Arry in idleness.’

‘She hasn’t to keep him. I send her money.’

‘But how are you to afford that?’

‘That’s not your business.’

Alice looked indignant.

‘I think you might speak more politely to me in my own house.’

‘It isn’t your own house.’

‘It is as long as I live in it. I suppose you’d like to see me go back
to a workroom. It’s all very well for you; if you live in lodgings,
that doesn’t say you’ve got no money. We have to do the best we can for
ourselves; we haven’t got your chances of making a good bargain.’

It was said with much intention; Alice hall closed her eyes and curled
her lips in a disdainful smile.

‘What chances? What do you mean?’

‘Perhaps if _I_‘d been a particular friend of Mr. Eldon’s--never mind.’

He flashed a look at her.

‘What are you talking about? Just speak plainly, will you? What do you
mean by “particular friend”? I’m no more a friend of Eldon’s than you
are, and I’ve made no bargain with him.’

‘I didn’t say _you_.’

‘Who then?’ he exclaimed sternly.

‘Don’t you know? Some one is so very proper, and such a fine lady, I
shouldn’t have thought she’d have done things without your knowing.’

He turned pale, and seemed to crush the floor with his foot, that he
might stand firm.

‘You’re talking of Adela?’

Alice nodded.

‘What about her? Say at once what you’ve got to say.’

Inwardly she was a little frightened, perhaps half wished that she had
not begun. Yet it was sweet to foresee the thunderbolt that would fall
on her enemy’s head. That her brother would suffer torments did not
affect her imagination; she had never credited him with strong feeling
for his wife; and it was too late to draw back.

‘You know that she met Mr. Eldon in the wood at Wanley on the day after
she found the will?’

Mutimer knitted his brows to regard her. But in speaking he was more
self-governed than before.

‘Who told you that?’

‘My husband. He saw them together.’

‘And heard them talking?’


Rodman had only implied this. Alice’s subsequent interrogation had
failed to elicit more from him than dark hints.

Mutimer drew a quick breath.

‘He must be good at spying. Next time I hope he’ll find out something
worth talking about.’

Alice was surprised.

‘You know about it?’

‘Just as much as Rodman, do you understand that?’

‘You don’t believe?’

She herself had doubts.

‘It’s nothing to you whether I believe it or not. Just be good enough in
future to mind your own business; you’ll have plenty of it before long.
I suppose that’s what you brought me here for?’

She made no answer; she was vexed and puzzled.

‘Have you anything else to say?’

Alice maintained a stubborn silence.

‘Alice, have you anything more to tell me about Adela?’

‘No, I haven’t.’

‘Then you might have spared me the trouble. Tell Rodman with my
compliments that it would be as well for him to keep out of my way.’

He left her.

On quitting the house he walked at a great pace for a quarter of a mile
before he remembered the necessity of taking either train or omnibus.
The latter was at hand, but when he had ridden for ten minutes the
constant stoppages so irritated him that he jumped out and sought a
hansom. Even thus he did not travel fast enough; it seemed an endless
time before the ascent of Pentonville Hill began. He descended a little
distance from his lodgings.

As he was paying the driver another hansom went by; he by chance saw the
occupant, and it was Hubert Eldon. At least he felt convinced of it, and
he was in no mind to balance the possibilities of mistake. The hansom
had come from the street which Mutimer was just entering.

He found Adela engaged in cooking the dinner; she wore an apron, and the
sleeves of her dress were pushed up. As he came into the room she looked
at him with her patient smile; finding that he was in one of his worst
tempers, she said nothing and went on with her work. A coarse cloth
was thrown over the table; on it lay a bowl of vegetables which she was
preparing for the saucepan.

Perhaps it was the sight of her occupation, of the cheerful simplicity
with which she addressed herself to work so unworthy of her; he could
not speak at once as he had meant to. He examined her with eyes of
angry, half foiled suspicion. She had occasion to pass him; he caught
her arm and stayed her before him.

‘What has Eldon been doing here?’

She paused and shrank a little.

‘Mr. Eldon has not been here.’

He thought her face betrayed a guilty agitation.

‘I happen to have met him going away. I think you’d better tell me the

‘I have told you the truth. If Mr. Eldon has been to the house, I was
not aware of it.’

He looked at her in silence for a moment, then asked:

‘Are you the greatest hypocrite living?’

Adela drew farther away. She kept her eyes down. Long ago she had
suspected what was in Mutimer’s mind, but she had only been apprehensive
of the results of jealousy on his temper and on their relations to each
other; it had not entered her thought that she might have to defend
herself against an accusation. This violent question affected her
strangely. For a moment she referred it entirely to the secrets of
her heart, and it seemed impossible to deny what was imputed to her,
impossible even to resent his way of speaking. Was she not a hypocrite?
Had she not many, many times concealed with look and voice an inward
state which was equivalent to infidelity? Was not her whole life a
pretence, an affectation of wifely virtues? But the hypocrisy was
involuntary; her nature had no power to extirpate its causes and put in
their place the perfect dignity of uprightness.

‘Why do you ask me that?’ she said at length, raising her eyes for an

‘Because it seems to me I’ve good cause. I don’t know whether to believe
a word you say.’

‘I can’t remember to have told you falsehoods.’ Her cheeks flushed.
‘Yes, one; that I confessed to you.’

It brought to his mind the story of the wedding ring.

‘There’s such a thing as lying when you tell the truth. Do you remember
that I met you coming back to the Manor that Monday afternoon, a month
ago, and asked you where you’d been?’

Her heart stood still.

‘Answer me, will you?’

‘I remember it.’

‘You told me you’d been for a walk in the wood. You forgot to say who it
was you went to meet.’

How did he know of this? But that thought came to her only to pass. She
understood at length the whole extent of his suspicion. It was not only
her secret feelings that he called in question, he accused her of actual
dishonour as it is defined by the world--that clumsy world with its
topsy-turvydom of moral judgments. To have this certainty flashed
upon her was, as soon as she had recovered from the shock, a sensible
assuagement of her misery. In face of this she could stand her ground.
Her womanhood was in arms; she faced him scornfully.

‘Will you please to make plain your charge against me?’

‘I think it’s plain enough. If a married woman makes appointments in
quiet places with a man she has no business to see anywhere, what’s that
called? I fancy I’ve seen something of that kind before now in cases
before the Divorce Court.’

It angered him that she was not overwhelmed. He saw that she did not
mean to deny having met Eldon, and to have Alice’s story thus confirmed
inflamed his jealousy beyond endurance.

‘You must believe of me what you like,’ Adela replied in a slow, subdued
voice. ‘My word would be vain against that of my accuser, whoever it

‘Your accuser, as you say, happened not only to see you, but to hear you

He waited for her surrender before this evidence. Instead of that Adela

‘If my words were reported to you, what fault have you to find with me?’

Her confidence, together with his actual ignorance of what Rodman had
heard, troubled him with doubt.

‘Answer this question,’ he said. ‘Did you make an appointment with that

‘I did not.’

‘You did not? Yet you met him?’


‘But you talked with him?’

‘How can you ask? You know that I did.’

He collected his thoughts.

‘Repeat to me what you talked about.’

‘That I refuse to do.’

‘Of course you do!’ he cried, driven to frenzy. ‘And you think I
shall let this rest where it is? Have you forgotten that I came to the
Westlakes and found Eldon there with you? And what was he doing in this
street this morning if he hadn’t come to see you? I begin to understand
why you were so precious eager about giving up the will. That was your
fine sense of honesty, of course! You are full of fine senses, but your
mistake is to think I’ve no sense at all. What do you take me for?’

The thin crust of refinement was shattered; the very man came to light,
coarse, violent, whipped into fury by his passions, of which injured
self-love was not the least. Whether he believed his wife guilty or not
he could not have said; enough that she had kept things secret from
him, and that he could not overawe her. Whensoever he had shown anger in
conversation with her, she had made him sensible of her superiority; at
length he fell back upon his brute force and resolved to bring her to
his feet, if need be by outrage. Even his accent deteriorated as he
flung out his passionate words; he spoke like any London mechanic, with
defect and excess of aspirates, with neglect of g’s at the end of words,
and so on. Adela could not bear it; she moved to the door. But he caught
her and thrust her back; it was all but a blow. Her face half recalled
him to his senses.

‘Where are you going?’ he stammered.

‘Anywhere, anywhere, away from this house and from you!’ Adela replied.
Effort to command herself was vain; his heavy hand had completed the
effect of his language, and she, too, spoke as nature impelled her. ‘Let
me pass! I would rather die than remain here!’

‘All the same, you’ll stay where you are!’

‘Yes, your strength is greater than mine. You can hold me by force. But
you have insulted me beyond forgiveness, and we are as much strangers
as if we had never met. You have broken every bond that bound me to you.
You can make me your prisoner, but like a prisoner my one thought will
be of escape. I will touch no food whilst I remain here. I have no
duties to you, and you no claim upon me!’

‘All the same, you stay!’

Before her sobbing vehemence he had grown calm. These words were so
unimaginable on her lips that he could make no reply save stubborn
repetition of his refusal. And having uttered that he went from the
room, changing the key to the outside and locking her in. Fear lest he
might be unable to withhold himself from laying hands upon her was the
cause of his retreat. The lust of cruelty was boiling in him, as once
or twice before. Her beauty in revolt made a savage of him. He went into
the bedroom and there waited.

Adela sat alone, sobbing still, but tearless. Her high-spirited nature
once thoroughly aroused, it was some time before she could reason on
what had come to pass. The possibility of such an end to her miseries
had never presented itself even in her darkest hours; endurance was all
she could ever look forward to. As her blood fell into calmer flow she
found it hard to believe that she had not dreamt this scene of agony.
She looked about the room. There on the table were the vegetables she
had been preparing; her hands bore the traces of the work she had done
this morning. It seemed as though she had only to rise and go on with
her duties as usual.

Her arm was painful, just below the shoulder. Yes, that was where he had
seized her with his hard hand to push her away from the door.

What had she said in her distraction? She had broken away from him,
and repudiated her wifehood. Was it not well done? If he believed her
unfaithful to him--

At an earlier period of her married life such a charge would have held
her mute with horror. Its effect now was not quite the same; she could
face the thought, interrogate herself as to its meaning, with a shudder,
indeed, but a shudder which came of fear as well as loathing. Life was
no longer an untried country, its difficulties and perils to be met with
the sole aid of a few instincts and a few maxims; she had sounded the
depths of misery and was invested with the woeful knowledge of what we
poor mortals call the facts of existence. And sitting here, as on the
desert bed of a river whose water had of a sudden ceased to flow, she
could regard her own relation to truths, however desolating, with the
mind which had rather brave all than any longer seek to deceive itself.

Of that which he imputed to her she was incapable; that such suspicion
of her could enter his mind branded him with baseness. But his jealousy
was justified; howsoever it had awakened in him, it was sustained by
truth. Was it her duty to tell him that, and so to render it impossible
for him to seek to detain her?

But would the confession have any such result? Did he not already
believe her criminal, and yet forbid her to leave him? On what terms did
she stand with a man whose thought was devoid of delicacy, who had again
and again proved himself without understanding of the principles of
honour? And could she indeed make an admission which would compel her at
the same time to guard against revolting misconceptions?

The question of how he had obtained this knowledge recurred to her. It
was evident that the spy had intentionally calumniated her, professing
to have heard her speak incriminating words. She thought of Rodman. He
had troubled her by his private request that she would appeal to Eldon
on Alice’s behalf, a request which was almost an insult. Could he have
been led to make it in consequence of his being aware of that meeting
in the wood? That might well be; she distrusted him and believed him
capable even of a dastardly revenge.

What was the troublesome thought that hung darkly in her mind and would
not come to consciousness? She held it at last; Mutimer had said that he
met Hubert in the street below. How to explain that? Hubert so near to
her, perhaps still in the neighbourhood?

Again she shrank with fear. What might it mean, if he had really come in
hope of seeing her? That was unworthy of him. Had she betrayed herself
in her conversation with him? Then he was worse than cruel to her.

It seemed to her that hours passed. From time to time she heard a
movement in the next room; Mutimer was still there. There sounded at the
house door a loud postman’s knock, and in a few minutes someone came up
the stairs, doubtless to bring a letter. The bedroom door opened; she
heard her husband thank the servant and again shut himself in.

The fire which she had been about to use for cooking was all but dead.
She rose and put fresh coals on. There was a small oblong mirror over
the mantelpiece; it showed her so ghastly a face that she turned quickly

If she succeeded in escaping from her prison, whither should she go? Her
mother would receive her, but it was impossible to go to Wanley, to live
near the Manor. Impossible, too, to take refuge with Stella. If she
fled and hid herself in some other part of London, how was life to be
supported? But there were graver obstacles. Openly to flee from her
husband was to subject herself to injurious suspicions--it might be,
considering Mutimer’s character, to involve Hubert in some intolerable
public shame. Or, if that worst extremity were avoided’, would it not
be said that she had deserted her husband because he had suddenly become

That last thought brought the blood to her cheeks.

But to live with him after this, to smear over a deadly wound and
pretend it was healed, to read hourly in his face the cowardly triumph
over her weakness, to submit herself--Oh, what rescue from this hideous
degradation! She went to the window, as if it had been possible to
escape by that way; she turned again and stood moaning, with her hands
about her head. When was the worst to come in this life so long since
bereft of hope, so forsaken of support from man or God? The thought of
death came to her; she subdued the tumult of her agony to weigh it well
Whom would she wrong by killing herself? Herself, it might be; perchance
not even death would be sacred against outrage.

She heard a neighbouring clock strike five, and shortly after her
husband entered the room. Had she looked at him she would have seen an
inexplicable animation in his face. He paced the floor once or twice
in silence, then asked in a hard voice, though the tone was quite other
than before:

‘Will you tell me what it was you talked of that day in the wood?’

She did not reply.

‘I suppose by refusing to speak you confess that you dare not let me

Physical torture could not have wrung a word from her. She felt her
heart surge with hatred.

He went to the cupboard in which food was kept, took out a loaf of
bread, and cut a slice. He ate it, standing before the window. Then he
cleared the table and sat down to write a letter; it occupied him for
hall-an-hour. When it was finished, he put it in his pocket and began
again to pace the room.

‘Are you going to, sit like that all night?’ he asked suddenly.

She drew a deep sigh and rose from her seat. He saw that she no longer
thought of escaping him. She began to make preparations for tea. As
helpless in his hands as though he had purchased her in a slave market,
of what avail to sit like a perverse child? The force of her hatred
warned her to keep watch lest she brought herself to his level. Without
defence against indignities which were bitter as death, by law his
chattel, as likely as not to feel the weight of his hand if she again
roused his anger, what remained but to surrender all outward things to
unthinking habit, and to keep her soul apart, nourishing in silence
the fire of its revolt? It was the most pity-moving of all tragedies, a
noble nature overcome by sordid circumstances. She was deficient in the
strength of character which will subdue all circumstances; her strength
was of the kind that supports endurance rather than breaks a way to
freedom. Every day, every hour, is some such tragedy played through;
it is the inevitable result of our social state. Adela could have wept
tears of blood; her shame was like a branding iron upon her flesh.

She was on the second floor of a lodging-house in Pentonville, making
tea for her husband.

That husband appeared to have undergone a change since lie quitted her a
few hours ago. He was still venomous towards her, but his countenance
no longer lowered dangerously. Something distinct from his domestic
troubles seemed to be occupying him, something of a pleasant nature.
He all but smiled now and then; the glances he cast at Adela were not
wholly occupied with her. He plainly wished to speak, but could not
bring himself to do so.

He ate and drank of what she put before him. Adela took a cup of tea,
but had no appetite for food. When he had satisfied himself, she removed
the things.

Another half-hour passed. Mutimer was pretending to read. Adela at
length broke the silence.

‘I think,’ she said, ‘I was wrong in refusing to tell you what passed
between Mr. Eldon and myself when I by chance met him. Someone seems to
have misled you. He began by hoping that we should not think ourselves
hound to leave the Manor until we had had full time to make the
necessary arrangements. I thanked him for his kindness, and then asked
something further. It was that, if he could by any means do so, he would
continue the works at New Wanley without any change, maintaining the
principles on which they had been begun. He said that was impossible,
and explained to me what his intentions were, and why he had formed
them. That was our conversation.’

Mutimer observed her with a smile which affected incredulity.

‘Will you take your oath that that is true?’ he asked.

‘No. I have told you because I now see that the explanation was owing,
since you have been deceived. If you disbelieve me, it is no concern of

She had taken up some sewing, and, having spoken, went on with it.
Mutimer kept his eyes fixed upon her. His suspicions never resisted a
direct word from Adela’s lips, though other feelings might exasperate
him. What he had just heard he believed the more readily because it so
surprised him; it was one of those revelations of his wife’s superiority
which abashed him without causing evil feeling. They always had the
result of restoring to him for a moment something of the reverence with
which he had approached her in the early days of their acquaintance.
Even now he could not escape the impression.

‘What was Eldon doing about here to-day?’ he asked after a pause.

‘I have told you that I did not even know he had been near.’

‘Perhaps not. Now, will you just tell me this: Have you written to
Eldon, or had any letter from him since our marriage?’

Her fingers would not continue their work. A deadening sensation of
disgust made her close her eyes as if to shut out the meaning of his
question. Her silence revived his distrust.

‘You had rather not answer?’ he said significantly.

‘Cannot you see that it degrades me to answer such a question? What is
your opinion of me? Have I behaved so as to lead you to think that I am
an abandoned woman?’

After hesitating he muttered: ‘You don’t give a plain yes or no.’

‘You must not expect it. If you think I use arts to deceive you--if you
have no faith whatever in my purity--it was your duty to let me go from
you when I would have done so. It is horrible for us to live together
from the moment that there is such a doubt on either side. It makes me
something lower than your servant--something that has no name!’

She shuddered. Had not that been true of her from the very morrow of
their marriage? Her life was cast away upon shoals of debasement; no
sanctity of womanhood remained in her. Was not her indignation half
a mockery? She could not even defend her honesty, her honour in the
vulgarest sense of the word, without involving herself in a kind of
falsehood, which was desolation to her spirit. It had begun in her
advocacy of uprightness after her discovery of the will; it was imbuing
her whole nature, making her to her own conscience that which he had
called her--a very hypocrite.

He spoke more conciliatingly.

‘Well, there’s one thing, at all events, that you can’t refuse to
explain. Why didn’t you tell me that you had met Eldon, and what he
meant to do?’

She had not prepared herself for the question, and it went to the root
of her thoughts; none the less she replied instantly, careless how he
understood the truth.

‘I kept silence because the meeting had given me pain, because it
distressed me to have to speak with Mr. Eldon at that place and at that
time, because I _knew_ how you regard him, and was afraid to mention him
to you.’

Mutimer was at a loss. If Adela had calculated her reply with the
deepest art she could not have chosen words better fitted to silence

‘And you have told me every word that passed between you?’ he asked.

‘That would be impossible. I have told you the substance of the

‘Why did you ask him to keep the works going on my plan?’

‘I can tell you no more.’

Her strength was spent. She put aside her sewing and moved towards the

‘Where are you going?’

‘I don’t feel well. I must rest.’

‘Just stop a minute. I’ve something here I want to show you.’

She turned wearily. Mutimer took a letter from his pocket.

‘Will you read that?’

She took it. It was written in a very clear, delicate hand, and ran

‘DEAR SIR,--I who address you have lain for two years on a bed from
which I shall never move till I am carried to my grave. My age is
three-and-twenty; an accident which happened to me a few days after
my twenty-first birthday left me without the use of my limbs; it often
seems to me that it would have been better if I had died, but there
is no arguing with fate, and the wise thing is to accept cheerfully
whatever befalls us. I hoped at one time to take an active part in life,
and my interest in the world’s progress is as strong as ever, especially
in everything that concerns social reform. I have for some time known
your name, and have constantly sought information about your grand work
at New Wanley. Now I venture to write (by the hand of a dear friend),
to express my admiration for your high endeavour, and my grief at the
circumstances which have made you powerless to continue it.

‘I am possessed of means, and, as you see, can spend but little on
myself. I ask you, with much earnestness, to let me be of some small
use to the cause of social justice, by putting, in your hands the sum of
five hundred pounds, to be employed as may seem good to you. I need not
affect to be ignorant of your position, and it is my great fear lest
you should be unable to work for Socialism with your undivided energies.
Will you accept this money, and continue by means of public lecturing
to spread the gospel of emancipation? That I am convinced is your
first desire. If you will do me this great kindness, I shall ask your
permission to arrange that the same sum be paid to you annually, for
the next ten years, whether I still live or not. To be helping in this
indirect way would cheer me more than you can think. I enclose a draft
on Messrs.--.

‘As I do not know your private address, I send this to the office of
the “Piery Cross.” Pardon me for desiring to remain anonymous; many
reasons necessitate it. If you grant me this favour, will you advertise
the word “Accepted” in the “Times” newspaper within ten days?

‘With heartfelt sympathy and admiration, ‘I sign myself, ‘A FRIEND.’

Adela was unmoved; she returned the letter as if it had no interest for

‘What do you think of that?’ said Mutimer, forgetting their differences
in his exultation.

‘I am glad you can continue your work,’ Adela replied absently.

She was moving away when he again stopped her.

‘Look here, Adela.’ He hesitated. ‘Are you still angry with me?’

She was silent.

‘I am sorry I lost my temper. I didn’t mean all I said to you. Will you
try and forget it?’

Her lips spoke for her.

‘I will try.’

‘You needn’t go on doing housework now,’ he said assuringly. ‘Are you
going? Come and say good-night.’

He approached her and laid his hand upon her shoulder. Adela shrank from
his touch, and for an instant gazed at him with wide eyes of fear.

He dropped his hands and let her go.


The valley rested. On the morning of Mutimer’s departure from Wanley
there was no wonted clank of machinery, no smoke from the chimneys, no
roar of iron-smelting furnaces; the men and women of the colony stood
idly before their houses, discussing prospects, asking each other
whether it was seriously Mr. Eldon’s intention to raze New Wanley, many
of them grumbling or giving vent to revolutionary threats. They had
continued in work thus long since the property in fact changed hands,
and to most of them it seemed unlikely, in spite of every thing, that
they would have to go in search of new employments. This morning they
would hear finally.

The valley rested. For several days there had been constant rain; though
summer was scarcely over, it had turned cold and the sky was cheerless.
Over Stanbury Hill there were always heavy, dripping clouds, and the
leaves of Adela’s favourite wood were already falling. At the Manor
there was once more disorder; before Mutimer and his wife took their
departure the removal of furniture had commenced. Over the whole scene
brooded a spirit of melancholy. It needed faith in human energy to
imagine the pollutions swept away, and the seasons peacefully gliding as
of old between the hillsides and amid meadows and garden closes.

Hubert Eldon drove over from Agworth, and was in the Public Hall at the
appointed time. His business with the men was simple and brief. He had
to inform them that their employment here was at an end, but that
each one would receive a month’s wages and permission to inhabit their
present abodes for yet a fortnight. After that they had no longer
right of tenancy. He added that if any man considered himself specially
aggrieved by this arrangement, he was prepared to hear and judge the
individual case.

There was a murmur of discontent through the room, but no one took upon
himself to rise and become spokesman of the community. Disregarding the
manifestation, Hubert described in a few words how and when this final
business would be transacted; then he left the hall by the door which
led from the platform.

Then followed a busy week. Claims of all kinds were addressed to him,
some reasonable, most of them not to be entertained. Mr. Yottle was
constantly at the Manor; there he and Hubert held a kind of court.
Hubert was not well fitted for business of this nature; he easily became
impatient, and, in spite of humane intentions, often suffered from a
tumult of his blood, when opposed by some dogged mechanic.

‘I can’t help it!’ he exclaimed to Mr. Wyvern one right, after a day
of peculiar annoyance. ‘We are all men, it is true; but for the
brotherhood--feel it who can! I am illiberal, if you like, but in the
presence of those fellows I feel that I am facing enemies. It seems to
me that I have nothing in common with them but the animal functions.
Absurd? Yes, of course, it is absurd; but I speak of how intercourse
with them affects me. They are our enemies, yours as well as mine; they
are the enemies of every man who speaks the pure English tongue and does
not earn a living with his hands. When they face me I understand what
revolution means; some of them look at me as they would if they had
muskets in their hands.’

‘You are not conciliating,’ remarked the vicar.

‘I am not, and cannot be. They stir the worst feelings in me; I grow
arrogant, autocratic. As long as I have no private dealings with them I
can consider their hardships and judge their characters dispassionately;
but I must not come to close quarters.’

‘You have special causes of prejudice.’

‘True. If I were a philosopher I should overcome all that. However, my
prejudice is good in one way; it enables me thoroughly to understand the
detestation with which they regard me and the like of me. If I had been
born one of them I should be the most savage anarchist. The moral is,
that I must hold apart. Perhaps I shall grow cooler in time.’

The special causes of prejudice were quite as strong on the side of the
workmen; Hubert might have been far less aristocratic in bearing, they
would have disliked him as cordially. Most of them took it as a wanton
outrage that they should be driven from the homes in which they had
believed themselves settled for life. The man Redgrave--he of the six
feet two who had presented the address to Mutimer--was a powerful agent
of ill-feeling; during the first few days he was constantly gathering
impromptu meetings in New Wanley and haranguing them violently on
the principles of Socialism. But in less than a week he had taken his
departure, and the main trouble seemed at an end.

Mrs. Eldon was so impatient to return to the Manor that a room was
prepared for her as soon as possible, and she came from her house at
Agworth before Mutimer had been gone a week. Through the summer her
strength had failed rapidly; it was her own conviction that she could
live but a short time longer. The extreme agitation caused by the
discovery of the will had visibly enfeebled her; it was her one desire
to find herself once more in her old home, and there to breathe her
last. The journey from Agworth cost her extreme suffering; she was
prostrate, almost lifeless, for three days after it. But her son’s
society revived her. Knowing him established in his family possessions,
she only cared to taste for a little while this unhoped-for joy. Lying
on a couch in her familiar chamber, she delighted to have flowers
brought to her from the garden, even leaves from the dear old trees,
every one of which she knew as a friend. But she had constant thought
for those upon whose disaster her own happiness was founded; of Adela
she spoke often.

‘What will become of that poor child?’ she asked one evening, when
Hubert had been speaking of Rodman’s impracticable attitude, and of
the proceedings Mutimer was about to take. ‘Do you know anything of her
life, Hubert?’

‘I met her in the wood here a few weeks ago,’ he replied, mentioning the
incident for the first time. ‘She wanted to make a Socialist of me.’

‘Was that after the will came to light?’

‘The day after. She pleaded for New Wanley--hoped I should keep it up.’

‘Then she has really accepted her husband’s views?’

‘It seems so. I am afraid she thought me an obstinate tyrant.’

He spoke carelessly.

‘But she must not suffer, dear. How can they be helped?’

‘They can’t fall into absolute want. And I suppose his Socialist friends
will do something for him. I have been as considerate as it was
possible to be. I dare say he will make me a commonplace in his lectures
henceforth, a type of the brutal capitalist.’

He laughed when he had said it, and led the conversation to another

About the workmen, too, Mrs. Eldon was kindly thoughtful. Hubert spared
her his prejudices and merely described what he was doing. She urged him
to be rather too easy than too exacting with them. It was the same in
everything; the blessing which had fallen upon her made her full of
gentleness and sweet charity.

The fortnight’s grace was at an end, and it was announced to Hubert
that the last family had left New Wanley. The rain still continued;
as evening set in Hubert returned from an inspection of the deserted
colony, his spirits weighed upon by the scene of desolation. After
dinner he sat as usual with his mother for a couple of hours, then went
to his own room and read till eleven o’clock. Just as he had thrown
aside his book the silence of the night was riven by a terrific yell,
a savage cry of many voices, which came from the garden in the front
of the house, and at the same instant there sounded a great crashing
of glass. The windows behind his back were broken and a couple of heavy
missiles thundered near him upon the floor--stones they proved to be.
He rushed from the room. All the lights in the house except his own and
that in Mrs. Eldon’s room were extinguished. He reached his mother’s
door. Before he could open it the yell and the shower of stones were
repeated, again with ruin of windows, this time on the east side of the
Manor. In a moment he was by his mother’s bed; he saw her sitting up in
terror; she was speechless and unable even to stretch her arms towards
him. An inner door opened and the woman who was always in attendance
rushed in half dressed. At the same time there were sounds of movement
in other parts of the house. Once more the furious voices and the
stone-volley Hubert put his arms about his mother and tried to calm her.

‘Don’t be frightened; it’s those cowardly roughs. They have had their
three shots, now they’ll take to their heels. Mrs. Winter is here,
mother: she will stay with you whilst I go down and see what has to be
done. I’ll be back directly if there is no more danger.’

He hastened away. The servants had collected upon the front staircase,
with lamps and candles, in fright and disorder unutterable. Hubert
repeated to them what he had said to his mother, and it seemed to be the
truth, for the silence outside was unbroken.

‘I shouldn’t wonder,’ he cried, ‘if they’ve made an attempt to set the
house on fire. We must go about and examine.’

The door-bell was rung loudly. The servants rushed back up the stairs;
Hubert went into the dining-room, carrying no light, and called through
the shattered windows asking who had rung. It was the vicar; the shouts
had brought him forth.

‘They are gone,’ he said, in his strong, deep voice, in itself
reassuring. ‘I think there were only some ten or a dozen; they’ve made
off up the hill. Is anybody hurt?’

‘No, they have only broken all the windows,’ Hubert replied. ‘But I am
terribly afraid for the effect upon my mother. We must have the doctor
round at once.’

The vicar was admitted to the house, and a messenger forthwith
despatched for the medical man, who resided halfway between Wanley and
Agworth. On returning to his mother’s room Hubert found his fears
only too well justified; Mrs. Eldon lay motionless, her eyes open, but
seemingly without intelligence. At intervals of five minutes a sigh was
audible, else she could scarcely be perceived to breathe. The attendant
said that she had not spoken.

It was some time before the doctor arrived. After a brief examination,
he came out with Hubert; his opinion was that the sufferer would not see

She lived, however, for some twelve hours, if that could be called life
which was only distinguishable from the last silence by the closest
scrutiny. Hubert did not move from the bedside, and from time to time
Mr. Wyvern came and sat with him. Neither of them spoke. Hubert had
no thought of food or rest; the shadow of a loss, of which he only
understood the meaning now that it was at hand, darkened him and all the
world. Behind his voiceless misery was immeasurable hatred of those who
had struck him this blow; at moments a revengeful fury all but maddened
him. He held his mother’s band; if he could but feel one pressure of
the slight fingers before they were impotent for ever! And this much
was granted him. Shortly before midday the open eyes trembled to
consciousness, the lips moved in endeavour to speak. To Hubert it seemed
that his intense gaze had worked a miracle, effecting that which his
will demanded. She saw him and understood.

‘Mother, can you speak? Do you know me, dear?’

She smiled, and her lips tried to shape words. He bent over her, close,
close. At first the faint whisper was unintelligible, then he heard:

‘They did not know what they were doing.’

Something followed, but he could not understand it. The whisper ended in
a sigh, the smiling features quivered. He held her, but was alone.

A hand was laid gently upon his shoulder. Through blinding tears he
discerned Mr. Wyvern’s solemn countenance. He resisted the efforts to
draw him away, but was at length persuaded.

Early in the evening he fell asleep, lying dressed upon his bed, and
the sleep lasted till midnight. Then he left his room, and descended the
stairs, for the lower part of the house was still lighted. In the hall
Mr. Wyvern met him.

‘Let us go into the library,’ he said to the clergyman. ‘I want to talk
to you.’

He had resumed his ordinary manner. Without mention of his mother, he
began at once to speak of the rioters.

‘They were led by that man Redgrave; there can be no doubt of that. I
shall go to Agworth at once and set the police at work.’

‘I have already done that,’ replied the vicar. ‘Three fellows have been
arrested in Agworth.’

‘New Wanley men?’

‘Yes; but Redgrave is not one of them.’

‘He shall be caught, though!’

Hubert appeared to have forgotten everything but his desire of revenge.
It supported him through the wretched days that followed--even at the
funeral his face was hard-set and his eyes dry. But in spite of every
effort it was impossible to adduce evidence against any but the
three men who had loitered drinking in Agworth. Redgrave came forward
voluntarily and proved an alibi; he was vastly indignant at the charge
brought against him, declared that window-breaking was not his business,
and that had he been on the spot he should have used all his influence
to prevent such contemptible doings. He held a meeting in Belwick of all
the New Wanleyers he could gather together: those who came repudiated
the outrage as useless and unworthy. On the whole, it seemed probable
that only a handful of good-for-nothings had been concerned in the
affair, probably men who had been loafing in the Belwick public-houses,
indisposed to look for work. The ‘Fiery Cross’ and the ‘Tocsin’
commented on the event in their respective ways. The latter organ
thought that an occasional demonstration of this kind was not amiss;
it was a pity that apparently innocent individuals should suffer (an
allusion to the death of Mrs. Eldon); but, after all, what member of the
moneyed classes was in reality innocent? An article on the subject in
the ‘Fiery Cross’ was signed ‘Richard Mutimer.’ It breathed righteous
indignation and called upon all true Socialists to make it known that
they pursued their ends in far other ways than by the gratification of
petty malice. A copy of this paper reached Wanley Manor. Hubert glanced
over it.

It lay by him when he received a visit from Mr. Wyvern the same evening.

‘How is it to be explained,’ he asked; ‘a man like Westlake mixing
himself up with this crew?’

‘Do you know him personally?’ the vicar inquired.

‘I have met him. But I have seen more of Mrs. Westlake. She is a tenth
muse, the muse of lyrical Socialism. From which of them the impulse came
I have no means of knowing, but surely it must have been from her. In
her case I can understand it; she lives in an asthetic reverie; she
idealises everything. Naturally she knows nothing whatever of real life.
She is one of the most interesting women I ever met, but I should say
that her influence on Westlake has been deplorable.’

‘Mrs. Mutimer is greatly her friend, I believe,’ said the vicar.

‘I believe so. But let us speak of this paper. I want, if possible, to
understand Westlake’s position. Have you ever read the thing?’


‘Now here is an article signed by Westlake. You know his books? How has
he fallen to this? His very style has abandoned him, his English smacks
of the street corners, of Radical clubs. The man is ruined; it is next.
to impossible that he should ever again do good work, such as we used to
have from him. The man who wrote “Daphne”! Oh, it is monstrous!’

‘It is something of a problem to me,’ Mr. Wyvern admitted. ‘Had he been
a younger man, or if his writing had been of a different kind. Yet his
sincerity is beyond doubt.’

‘I doubt it,’ Hubert broke in. ‘Not his sincerity in the beginning; but
he must long since have ached to free himself. It is such a common thing
for a man to commit himself to some pronounced position in public life
and for very shame shrink from withdrawing. He would not realise what
it meant. Now in the revolutionary societies of the Continent there is
something that appeals to the imagination. A Nihilist, with Siberia or
death before him, fighting against a damnable tyranny--the best might
sacrifice everything for that. But English Socialism! It is infused with
the spirit of shopkeeping; it appeals to the vulgarest minds; it keeps
one eye on personal safety, the other on the capitalist’s strong-box;
it is stamped commonplace, like everything originating with the English
lower classes. How does it differ from Radicalism, the most contemptible
claptrap of politics, except in wanting to hurry a little the rule of
the mob? Well, I am too subjective. Help me, if you can, to understand

Hubert was pale and sorrow-stricken; his movements were heavy with
weariness, but he had all at once begun to speak with the old fire,
the old scorn. He rested his chin upon his hand and waited for his
companion’s reply.

‘At your age,’ said Mr. Wyvern, smiling half sadly, ‘I, too, had a habit
of vehement speaking, but it was on the other side. I was a badly
paid curate working in a wretched parish. I lived among the vilest
and poorest of the people, and my imagination was constantly at
boiling-point. I can only suppose that Westlake has been led to look
below the surface of society and has been affected as I was then. He has
the mind of a poet; probably he was struck with horror to find over what
a pit he had been living in careless enjoyment. He is tender-hearted;
of a sudden he felt himself criminal, to be playing with beautiful toys
whilst a whole world lived only to sweat and starve. The appeal of the
miserable seemed to be to him personally. It is what certain sects call
conversion in religion, a truth addressing itself with unwonted and
invincible force to the individual soul.’

‘And you, too, were a Socialist?’

‘At that age and under those conditions it was right and good. I should
have been void of feeling and imagination otherwise. Such convictions
are among relative truths. To be a social enthusiast is in itself
neither right nor wrong, neither praiseworthy nor the opposite; it is a
state to be judged in relation to the other facts of a man’s life.
You will never know that state; if you affected it you would be purely
contemptible. And I myself have outgrown it.’

‘But you must not think that I am inhuman,’ said Hubert. ‘The sight of
distress touches me deeply. To the individual poor man or woman I would
give my last penny. It is when they rise against me as a class that I
become pitiless.’

‘I understand you perfectly, though I have not the same prejudices. My
old zeal lingers with me in the form of tolerance. I can enter into the
mind of a furious proletarian as easily as into the feeling which you

‘But how did your zeal come to an end?’

‘In this way; I worked under the conditions I have described to you till
I was nearly thirty. Then. I broke down physically. At the same time it
happened that I inherited a small competency. I went abroad, lived in
Italy for a couple of years. I left England with the firm intention
of getting my health and then returning to work harder than ever. But
during those two years I educated myself. When I reached England again
I found that it was impossible to enter again on the old path; I should
have had to force myself; it would have been an instance of the kind of
thing you suggest in explanation of Westlake’s persistence. Fortunately
I yielded to my better sense and altogether shunned the life of towns.
I was no longer of those who seek to change the world, but of those who
are content that it should in substance remain as it is.’

‘But how can you be content, if you are convinced that the majority of
men live only to suffer?’

‘It is, you who attribute the conviction to me,’ said the vicar, smiling
good-naturedly. ‘My conviction is the very opposite. One of the pet
theories I have developed for myself in recent years is, that happiness
is very evenly distributed among all classes and conditions. It is
the result of sober reflection on my experience of life. Think of it
a moment. The bulk of men are neither rich nor poor, taking into
consideration their habits and needs; they live in much content, despite
social imperfections and injustices, despite the ills of nature.
Above and below are classes of extreme characterisation; I believe the
happiness assignable to those who are the lowest stratum of civilisation
is, relatively speaking, no whit less than that we may attribute to the
thin stratum of the surface, using the surface to mean the excessively
rich. It is a paradox, but anyone capable of thinking may be assured of
its truth. The life of the very poorest is a struggle to support their
bodies; the richest, relieved of that one anxiety, are overwhelmed with
such a mass of artificial troubles that their few moments of genuine
repose do not exceed those vouchsafed to their antipodes. You would urge
the sufferings of the criminal class under punishment? I balance against
it the misery of the rich under the scourge of their own excesses. It
is a mistake due to mere thoughtlessness, or ignorance, to imagine the
labouring, or even the destitute, population as ceaselessly groaning
beneath the burden of their existence. Go along the poorest street in
the East End of London, and you will hear as much laughter, witness as
much gaiety, as in any thoroughfare of the West. Laughter and gaiety
of a miserable kind? I speak of it as relative to the habits and
capabilities of the people. A being of superior intelligence regarding
humanity with an eye of perfect understanding would discover that life
was enjoyed every bit as much in the slum as in the palace.’

‘You would consider it fair to balance excessive suffering of the body
in one class against excessive mental suffering in another?’

‘Undoubtedly. It is a fair application of my theory. But let me preach
a little longer. It is my belief that, though this equality of
distribution remains a fact, the sum total of happiness in nations is
seriously diminishing. Not only on account of the growth of population;
the poor have more to suffer, the rich less of true enjoyment, the mass
of comfortable people fall into an ever-increasing anxiety. A Radical
will tell you that this is a transitional state. Possibly, if we
accept the Radical theories of progress. I held them once in a very
light-hearted way; I am now far less disposed to accept them as even
imaginably true. Those who are enthusiastic for the spirit of the age
proceed on the principle of countenancing evil that good may some day
come of it. Such a position astonishes me. Is the happiness of a man now
alive of less account than that of the man who shall live two hundred.
years hence? Altruism is doubtless good, but only so when it gives pure
enjoyment; that is to say, when it is embraced instinctively. Shall I
frown on a man because he _cannot_ find his bliss in altruism and bid
him perish to make room for a being more perfect? What right have we to
live thus in the far-off future? Thinking in this way, I have a
profound dislike and distrust of this same progress. Take one feature
of it--universal education. That, I believe, works most patently for the
growing misery I speak of. Its results affect all classes, and all for
the worse. I said that I used to have a very bleeding of the heart for
the half-clothed and quarter-fed hangers-on to civilisation; I think far
less of them now than of another class in appearance much better off. It
is a class created by the mania of education, and it consists of those
unhappy men and women whom unspeakable cruelty endows with intellectual
needs whilst refusing them the sustenance they are taught to crave.
Another generation, and this class will be terribly extended, its
existence blighting the whole social state. Every one of these poor
creatures has a right to curse the work of those who clamour progress,
and pose as benefactors of their race.

‘All that strikes me as very good and true,’ remarked Hubert; ‘but can
it be helped? Or do you refuse to believe in the modern conception of
laws ruling social development?’

‘I wish I could do so. No; when I spoke of the right to curse, I should
have said, from their point of view. In truth, I fear we must accept
progress. But I cannot rejoice in it; I will even do what little I can
in my own corner to support the old order of things. You may be aware
that I was on very friendly terms with the Mutimers, that I even seemed
to encourage them in their Socialism. Yes, and because I felt that in
that way I could best discharge my duty. What I really encouraged was
sympathy and humanity. When Mutimer came asking me to be present at his
meetings I plainly refused. To have held apart from him and his
wife would have been as wrong in me as to publicly countenance their

Mr. Wyvern was on the point of referring to his private reasons for
befriending Adela, but checked himself.

‘What I made no secret of approving was their substitution of human
relations between employer and employed for the detestable “nexus of
cash payment,” as Carlyle calls it. That is only a return to the good
old order, and it seems to me that it becomes more impossible every day.
Thus far I am with the Socialists, in that I denounce the commercial
class, the _bourgeois_, the capitalists--call them what you will--as the
supremely maleficent. They hold us at their mercy, and their mercy is
nought. Monstrously hypocritical, they cry for progress when they mean
increased opportunities of swelling their own purses at the expense of
those they employ, and of those they serve; vulgar to the core, they
exalt a gross ideal of well-being, and stink in their prosperity. The
very poor and the uncommercial wealthy alike suffer from them; the
intellect of the country is poisoned by their influence. They it is
who indeed are oppressors; they grow rich on the toil of poor girls
in London garrets and of men who perish prematurely to support their
children. I won’t talk of these people; I should lose my calm views of
things and use language too much like this of the “Fiery Cross.”’

Hubert was thoughtful.

‘What is before us?’ he murmured.

‘Evil; of that I am but too firmly assured. Progress will have its way,
and its path will be a path of bitterness. A pillar of dark cloud leads
it by day, and of terrible fire by night. I do not say that the promised
land may not lie ahead of its guiding, but woe is me for the desert
first to be traversed! Two vices are growing among us to dread
proportions--indifference and hatred: the one will let poverty anguish
at its door, the other will hound on the vassal against his lord. Papers
like the “Fiery Cross,” even though such a man as Westlake edit them,
serve the cause of hatred; they preach, by implication at all
events, the childish theory of the equality of men, and seek to make
discontented a whole class which only needs regular employment on the
old conditions to be perfectly satisfied.’

‘Westlake says here that they have no _right_ to be satisfied.’

‘I know. It is one of the huge fallacies of the time; it comes of the
worship of progress. I am content with the fact that, even in our
bad day, as a class they _are_ satisfied. No, these reforms address
themselves to the wrong people; they begin at the wrong end. Let us
raise our voices, if we feel impelled to do so at all, for the old
simple Christian rules, and do our best to get the educated by the ears.
I have my opinion about the clergy; I will leave you to guess it.’

‘Have you any belief in the possibility of this revolution they

‘None whatever. Changes will come about, but not of these men’s making
or devising. And for the simple reason that they are not sincere. I
put aside an educated enthusiast such as Westlake. The proletarian
Socialists do not believe what they say, and therefore they are so
violent in saying it. They are not themselves of pure and exalted
character; they cannot ennoble others. If the movement continue we
shall see miserable examples of weakness led astray by popularity, of
despicable qualities aping greatness.’

He paused somewhat abruptly, for he was thinking of Mutimer, and did not
wish to make the application too obvious. Hubert restrained a smile.

They parted shortly after, but not till Hubert had put one more

‘Do you, or do you not, approve of what I am doing down in the valley?’

Mr. Wyvern thought a moment, and replied gravely:

‘You being yourself, I approve it heartily. It will gladden my eyes to
see the grass growing when spring comes round.’

He shook Hubert’s hand affectionately and left him.


We must concern ourselves for a little with the affairs of our old
acquaintance, Daniel Dabbs.

Daniel’s disillusionment with regard to Richard Mutimer did not affect
his regularity of attendance at the Socialist lectures, in most things
a typical English mechanic, he was especially so in his relation to the
extreme politics of which he declared himself a supporter. He became
a Socialist because his friend Dick was one; when that was no longer
a reason, he numbered himself among the followers of Comrade
Roodhouse--first as a sort of angry protest, against Mutimer’s private
treachery, then again because he had got into the habit of listening to
inflammatory discourses every Sunday night, and on the whole found it a
pleasant way of passing the evening. He enjoyed the oratory of Messrs.
Cowes and Cullen; he liked to shout ‘Hear, hear!’ and to stamp when
there was general applause; it affected him with an agreeable sensation,
much like that which follows upon a good meal, to hear himself pitied as
a hard-working, ill-used fellow, and the frequent allusion to his noble
qualities sweetly flattered him. When he went, home to the public-house
after a lively debate, and described the proceedings to his brother
Nicholas, he always ended by declaring that it was ‘as good as a play.’

He read the ‘Tocsin,’ that is to say, he glanced his eye up and down the
columns and paused wherever he caught words such as ‘villains,’ ‘titled
scoundrels,’ ‘vampires,’ and so on. The expositions of doctrine he
passed over; anything in the nature of reasoning muddled him. From
hearing them incessantly repeated he knew the root theories of
Socialism, and could himself hold forth on such texts as ‘the community
of the means of production’ with considerable fluency and vehemence;
but in very fact he concerned himself as little with economic reforms as
with the principles of high art, and had as little genuine belief in the
promised revolution as in the immortality of his own soul. Had he been
called upon to suffer in any way for the ‘cause of the people,’ it would
speedily have been demonstrated of what metal his enthusiasm was made.

But there came a different kind of test. In the winter which followed
upon Mutimer’s downfall, Nicholas Dabbs fell ill and died. He was
married but had no children, and his wife had been separated from him
for several years. His brother Daniel found himself in flourishing
circumstances, with a public-house which brought in profits of forty
pounds a week It goes without saying that Daniel forthwith abandoned his
daily labour and installed himself behind the bar. The position suited
him admirably; with a barmaid and a potman at his orders (he paid them
no penny more than the market rate), he stood about in his shirt sleeves
and gossiped from morn to midnight with such of his friends as had
leisure (and money) to spend in the temple of Bacchus. From the day
that saw him a licensed victualler he ceased to attend the Socialist
meetings; it was, of course, a sufficient explanation to point to the
fact that he could not be in two places at the same time, for Sunday
evening is a season of brisk business in the liquor trade. At first he
was reticent on the subject of his old convictions, but by degrees he
found it possible to achieve the true innkeeper’s art, and speak freely
in a way which could offend none of his customers. And he believed
himself every bit as downright and sincere as he had ever been.

Comfortably established on a capitalist basis, his future assured
because it depended upon the signal vice of his class, it one day
occurred to Daniel that he ought to take to himself a helpmeet, a
partner of his joys and sorrows. He had thought of it from time to time
during the past year, but only in a vague way; he had even directed his
eyes to the woman who might perchance be the one most suitable, though
with anything but assurance of his success if he seriously endeavoured
to obtain her. Long ago he had ceased to trouble himself about his first
love; with characteristic acceptance of the accomplished fact, he never
really imagined that Alice Mutimer, after she became an heiress,
could listen to his wooing, and, to do him justice, he appreciated the
delicacy of his position, if he should continue to press his suit. It
cost him not a little suffering altogether to abandon his hopes, for the
Princess had captivated him, and if he could have made her his wife he
would--for at least twelve months--have been a proud and exultant man.
But all that was over; Daniel was heart-free, when he again began to
occupy himself with womankind; it was a very different person towards
whom he found himself attracted. This was Emma Vine.

After that chance meeting with Mrs. Clay in the omnibus he lost sight of
the sisters for a while, but one day Kate came to the public-house
and desired to see him. She was in great misery. Emma had fallen ill,
gravely ill, and Kate had no money to pay a doctor. The people in the
house, where she lodged were urging her to send for the parish doctor,
but that was an extremity to be avoided as long as a single hope
remained. She had come to borrow a few shillings> in order that she
might take Emma in a cab to the hospital; perhaps they would receive her
as an in-patient. Daniel put his hand in his pocket. He did more; though
on the point of returning from breakfast to his work, he sacrificed the
morning to accompany Mrs. Clay and help her to get the sick girl to
the hospital. Fortunately it was found possible to give her a bed; Emma
remained in the hospital for seven weeks.

Daniel was not hasty in forming attachments. During the seven weeks he
called three or four times to inquire of Mrs. Clay what progress her
sister was making, but when Emma came home again, and resumed her usual
work, he seemed to have no further interest in her. At length Kate came
to the public-house one Saturday night and wished to pay back half
the loan. Daniel shook his head. ‘All right, Mrs. Clay; don’t you hurt
yourself. Let it wait till you’re a bit better off.’ Nicholas was
behind the bar, and when Kate had gone he asked his brother if he hadn’t
observed something curious in Mrs. Clay’s behaviour. Daniel certainly
had; the brothers agreed that she must have been drinking rather more
than was good for her.

‘I shouldn’t wonder,’ said Daniel, ‘if she started with the whole o’ the

Which, indeed, was a true conjecture.

Time went on, and Daniel had been six months a licensed victualler. It
was summer once more, and thirsty weather. Daniel stood behind the
bar in his shirt sleeves, collarless for personal ease, with a white
waistcoat, and trousers of light tweed. Across his stomach, which
already was more portly than in his engineering days, swayed a heavy
gold chain; on one of his fingers was a demonstrative ring. His face
and neck were very red; his hair, cropped extremely short, gleamed with
odorous oils. You could see that he prided himself on the spotlessness
of his linen; his cuffs were turned up to avoid alcoholic soilure; their
vast links hung loose for better observance by customers. Daniel was a
smiling and a happy man.

It was early on Sunday evening; Hoxton had shaken itself from the
afternoon slumber, had taken a moderate tea, and was in no two minds
about the entirely agreeable way of getting through the hours till
bedtime. Daniel beamed on the good thirsty souls who sought refuge under
his roof from the still warm rays of the sun. Whilst seeing that no
customer lacked due attention, he conversed genially with a group of
his special friends. One of these had been present at a meeting held
on Clerkenwell Green that morning, a meeting assembled to hear Richard
Mutimer. Richard, a year having passed since his temporary eclipse, was
once more prominent as a popular leader. He was addressing himself to
the East End especially, and had a scheme to propound which, whatever
might be its success or the opposite, kept him well before the eyes of

‘What’s all this ‘ere about?’ cried one of the group in an impatiently
contemptuous tone. ‘I can’t see nothin’ in it myself.’

‘I can see as he wants money,’ observed another, laughing. ‘There’s a
good many ways o’ gettin’ money without earnin’ it, particular if you’ve
got a tongue as goes like a steam engine.’

‘I don’t think so bad of him as all that,’ said the man who had attended
the meeting. ‘’Tain’t for himself as he wants the money. What do _you_
think o’ this ‘ere job, Dan?’

‘I’ll tell you more about that in a year’s time,’ replied Dabbs,
thrusting his fingers into his waistcoat pockets. ‘’Cording to Mike,
we’re all goin’ to be rich before we know it. Let’s hope it’ll come

He put his tongue in his cheek and let his eye circle round the group.

‘Seems to me,’ said the contemptuous man, ‘he’d better look after his
own people first. Charity begins at ‘ome, eh, mates?’

‘What do you mean by that?’ inquired a voice.

‘Why, isn’t his brother--what’s his name? Bill--Jack--’

‘’Arry,’ corrected Daniel.

‘To be sure, ‘Arry; I don’t know him myself, but I ‘eard talk of him.
It’s him as is doin’ his three months’ ‘ard labour.’

‘That ain’t no fault o’ Dick Mutimer’s,’ asserted the apologist. ‘He
always was a bad ‘un, that ‘Arry. Why, you can say so much, Dan? No, no,
I don’t ‘old with a man’s bein’ cried down cause he’s got a brother as
disgraces himself. It was Dick as got him his place, an’ a good place it
was. It wasn’t Dick as put him up to thievin’, I suppose?’

‘No, no, that’s right enough,’ said Dabbs. ‘Let a man be judged by
his own sayin’s and doin’s. There’s queer stories about Dick Mutimer
himself, but--was it Scotch or Irish, Mike?’

Mike had planted his glass on the counter in a manner suggesting

‘Now that’s what I call a cruel question!’ cried Mike humorously. ‘The
man as doesn’t stick to his country, I don’t think much of him.’

The humour was not remarkable, but it caused a roar of laughter to go

‘Now what I want to know,’ exclaimed one, returning to the main subject,
‘is where Mutimer gets his money to live on. He does no work, we know
that much.’

‘He told us all about that this mornin’,’ replied the authority. ‘He has
friends as keeps him goin’, that’s all. As far as I can make out it’s a
sort o’ subscription.’

‘Now, there you are!’ put in Daniel with half a sneer. ‘I don’t call
that Socialism. Let a man support himself by his own work, then he’s got
a right to say what he likes. No, no, _we_ know what Socialism means,
eh, Tom?’

The man appealed to answered with a laugh.

‘Well, blest if I do, Dan! There’s so many kinds o’ Socialism nowadays.
Which lot does he pretend to belong to? There’s the “Fiery Cross,”
 and there’s Roodhouse with his “Tocsin,” and now I s’pose Dick’ll be
startin’ another paper of his own.’

‘No, no,’ replied Mutimer’s supporter. ‘He holds by the “Fiery Cross”
 still, so he said this mornin’. I’ve no opinion o’ Roodhouse myself. He
makes a deal o’ noise, but I can’t ‘see as he _does_ anything.’

‘You won’t catch Dick Mutimer sidin’ with Roodhouse,’ remarked Daniel
with a wink. ‘That’s an old story, eh, Tom?’

Thus the talk went on, and the sale of beverages kept pace with it.
About eight o’clock the barmaid informed Daniel that Mrs. Clay wished to
see him. Kate had entered the house by the private door, and was sitting
in the bar-parlour. Daniel went to her at once.

She was more slovenly in appearance than ever, and showed all the signs
of extreme poverty. Her face was not merely harsh and sour, it indicated
a process of degradation. The smile with which she greeted Daniel was
disagreeable through excessive anxiety to be ingratiating. Her eyes were
restless and shrewd. Daniel sat down opposite to her, and rested his
elbows on the table.

‘Well, how’s all at ‘ome?’ he began, avoiding her look as he spoke.

‘Nothing much to boast of,’ Kate replied with an unpleasant giggle. ‘We
keep alive.’

‘Emma all right?’

‘She’s all right, except for her bad ‘ead-aches. She’s had another of
‘em this week. But I think it’s a bit better to-day.’

‘She’ll have a rest to-morrow.’

The following day was the August bank-holiday.

‘No, she’ll have no rest. She’s going to do some cleaning in Goswell

Daniel drummed with his fingers on the table.

‘She isn’t fit to do it, that’s quite certain,’ Mrs. Clay continued. ‘I
wish I could get her out for an hour or two. She wants fresh air, that’s
what it is. I s’pose you’re going somewhere to-morrow?’

It was asked insinuatingly, and at the same time with an air of weary

‘Well, I did think o’ gettin’ as far as Epping Forest. D’you think you
could persuade Emma to come? you and the children as well, you know.
I’ll have the mare out if she will.’

‘I can ask her and see. It ‘ud be a rare treat for us. I feel myself as
if I couldn’t hold up much longer, it’s that hot!’

She threw a glance towards the bar.

‘Will you have a bottle o’ lemonade?’ Daniel asked.

‘It’s very kind of you. I’ve a sort o’ fainty feeling. If you’d just put
ever such a little drop in it, Mr. Dabbs.’

Daniel betrayed a slight annoyance. But he went to the door and gave the

‘Still at the same place?’ he asked on resuming his seat.

‘Emma, you mean? Yes, but it’s only been half a week’s work, this last.
And I’ve as good as nothing to do. There’s the children runnin’ about
with no soles to their feet.’

The lemonade--with a dash in it--was brought to her, and she refreshed
herself with a deep draught. Perhaps the dash was not perceptible
enough; she did not seem entirely satisfied, though pretending to be so.

‘Suppose I come round to-night and ask her myself?’ Daniel said, as the
result of a short reflection.

‘It ‘ud be kind of you if you would, Mr. Dabbs. I’m afraid she’ll tell
me she can’t afford to lose the day.’

He consulted his watch, then again reflected, still drumming on the

‘All right, we’ll go,’ he said, rising from his chair.

His coat was hanging on a peg behind the door. He drew it on, and went
to tell the barmaid that he should be absent exactly twenty minutes.
It was Daniel’s policy to lead his underlings to expect that he might
return at any moment, though he would probably be away a couple of

The sisters were now living in a street crossing the angle between
Goswell Road and the City Road. Daniel was not, as a rule, lavish in his
expenditure, but he did not care to walk any distance, and there was no
line of omnibuses available. He took a hansom.

It generally fell to Emma’s share to put her sister’s children to bed,
for Mrs. Clay was seldom at home in the evening. But for Emma, indeed,
the little ones would have been sadly off for motherly care. Kate had
now and then a fit of maternal zeal, but it usually ended in impatience
and slappings; for the most part she regarded her offspring as
encumbrance, and only drew attention to them when she wished to impress
people with the hardships of her lot. The natural result was that the
boy and girl only knew her as mother by name; they feared her, and would
shrink to Emma’s side when Kate began to speak crossly.

All dwelt together in one room, for life was harder than ever. Emma’s
illness had been the beginning of a dark and miserable time. Whilst she
was in the hospital her sister took the first steps on the path which
leads to destruction; with scanty employment, much time to kill, never a
sufficiency of food, companions only too like herself in their distaste
for home duties and in the misery of their existence, poor Kate got into
the habit of straying aimlessly about the streets, and, the inevitable
consequence, of seeking warmth and company in the public-house. Her
children lived as the children of such mothers do: they played on the
stairs or on the pavements, had accidents, were always dirty, cried
themselves to sleep in hunger and pain. When Emma returned, still only
fit for a convalescent home, she had to walk about day after day in
search of work, conciliating the employers whom Mrs. Clay had neglected
or disgusted, undertaking jobs to which her strength was inadequate,
and, not least, striving her hardest to restore order in the wretched
home. It was agreed that Kate should use the machine at home, whilst
Emma got regular employment in a workroom.

Emma never heard of that letter which her sister wrote to Mutimer’s
wife. Kate had no expectation that help would come of it; she hoped that
it had done Mutimer harm, and the hope had to satisfy her. She durst not
let Emma suspect that she had done such a thing.

Emma heard, however, of the loan from Daniel Dabbs, and afterwards
thanked him for his kindness, but she resolutely set her face against
the repetition of such favours, though Daniel would have willingly
helped when she came out of the hospital. Kate, of course, was for
accepting anything that was offered; she lost her temper, and accused
Emma of wishing to starve the children. But she was still greatly under
her sister’s influence, and when Emma declared that there must be
a parting between them if she discovered that anything was secretly
accepted from Mr. Dabbs, Kate sullenly yielded the point.

Daniel was aware of all this, and it made an impression upon him.

To-night Emma was as usual left alone with the children. After tea, when
Kate left the house, she sat down to the machine and worked for a couple
of hours; for her there was small difference between Sunday and week
day. Whilst working she told the children stories; it was a way of
beguiling them from their desire to go and play in the street. They were
strange stories, half recollected from a childhood which, had promised
better things than a maidenhood of garret misery, half Emma’s own
invention. They had a grace, a spontaneity, occasionally an imaginative
brightness, which would have made them, if they had been taken down from
the lips, models of tale-telling for children. Emma had two classes
of story: the one concerned itself with rich children, the other with
poor; the one highly fanciful, the other full of a touching actuality,
the very essence of a life such as that led by the listeners themselves.
Unlike the novel which commends itself to the world’s grown children,
these narratives had by no means necessarily a happy ending; for one
thing Emma saw too deeply into the facts of life, and was herself too
sad, to cease her music on a merry chord; and, moreover, it was half
a matter of principle with her to make the little ones thoughtful
and sympathetic; she believed that they would grow up kinder and more
self-reliant if they were in the habit of thinking that we are ever
dependent on each other for solace and strengthening under the burden
of life. The most elaborate of her stories, one wholly of her own
invention, was called ‘Blanche and Janey.’ It was a double biography.
Blanche and Janey were born on the same day, they lived ten years,
and then died on the same day. But Blanche was, the child of wealthy
parents; Janey was born, in a garret. Their lives were recounted in
parallel, almost year by year, and, there was sadness in the contrast.
Emma had chosen the name of the poor child in memory of her own sister,
her ever dear Jane, whose life had been a life of sorrow.

The story ended thus:

‘Yes, they died on the same day, and they were buried, on the same day.
But not in the same cemetery, oh no! Blanche’s grave is far away over
there’--she pointed to the west--‘among tombstones covered with flowers,
and her father and mother go every Sunday to read her name, and think
and talk of her. Janey was buried far away over yonder’--she pointed
to the east--‘but there is no stone on her grave, and no one knows the
exact place where she lies, and no one, no one ever goes to think and
talk of her.’

The sweetness of the story lay in the fact that the children were both
good, and both deserved to be happy; it never occurred to Emma to teach
her hearers to hate little Blanche just because hers was the easier lot.

Whatever might be her secret suffering, with the little ones Emma was
invariably patient and tender. However dirty they had made, themselves
during the day, however much they cried when hunger made them irritable,
they went to their aunt’s side with the assurance of finding gentleness
in reproof and sympathy with their troubles. Yet once she was really
angry. Bertie told her a deliberate untruth, and she at once discovered
it. She stood silent for a few moments, looking as Bertie had never seen
her look. Then she said:

‘Do you know, Bertie, that it is wrong to try and deceive?’

Then she tried to, make him understand why falsehood was evil, and as
she spoke to the child her voice quivered, her breast heaved. When the
little fellow was overcome, and began to sob, Emma checked herself,
recollecting that she had lost sight of the offender’s age, and was
using expressions which he could not understand. But the lesson was
effectual. If ever the brother and sister were tempted to hide anything
by a falsehood they remembered ‘Aunt Emma’s’ face, and durst not incur
the danger of her severity.

So she told her stories to the humming of the machine, and when it was
nearly the children’s bedtime she broke off to ask them if they would
like some bread and butter. Among all the results of her poverty the
bitterest to Emma was when she found herself _hoping that the children
would not eat much_. If their appetite was poor it made her anxious
about their health, yet it happened sometimes that she feared to ask
them if they were hungry lest the supply of bread should fail. It was so
to-night. The week’s earnings had been three shillings; the rent itself
was four. But the children were as ready to eat as if they had had no
tea. It went to her heart to give them each but one half-slice and tell
them that they could have no more. Gladly she would have robbed herself
of breakfast next morning on their account, but that she durst not do,
for she had undertaken to scrub out an office in Goswell Road, and she
knew that her strength would fail if she went from home fasting.

She put them to bed--they slept together on a small bedstead, which was
a chair during the day--and then sat down to do some patching at a
dress of Kate’s. Her face when she communed with her own thoughts was
profoundly sad, but far from the weakness of self-pity. Indeed she
did her best not to think of herself; she knew that to do so cost her
struggles with feelings she held to be evil, resentment and woe of
passion and despair. She tried to occupy herself solely with her sister
and the children, planning how to make Kate more home-loving and how to
find the little ones more food.

She had no companions. The girls whom she came to know in the workroom
for the most part took life very easily; she could not share in their
genuine merriment; she was often revolted by their way of thinking and
speaking. They thought her dull; and paid no attention to her. She was
glad to be relieved of the necessity of talking.

Her sister thought her hard. Kate believed that she was for ever
brooding over her injury. This was not true, but a certain hardness in
her character there certainly was. For her life, both of soul and body,
was ascetic; she taught herself to expect, to hope for, nothing. When
she was hungry she had a sort of pleasure in enduring; when weary she
worked on as if by effort she could overcome the feeling. But Kate’s
chief complaint against her was her determination to receive no help
save in the way of opportunity to earn money. This was something more
than, ordinary pride. Emma suffered intensely in the recollection that
she had lived at Mutimer’s expense during the very months when he
was seeking the love of another woman, and casting about for means of
abandoning herself. When she thought of Alice coming with the proposal
that she and her sister should still occupy the house in Wilton Square,
and still receive money, the heat of shame and anger never failed to
rise to her cheeks. She could never accept from anyone again a penny
which she had not earned. She believed that Daniel Dabbs had been
repaid, otherwise she could not have rested a moment.

It was her terrible misfortune to have feelings too refined for the
position in which fate had placed her. Had she only been like those
other girls in the workroom! But we are interesting in proportion to our
capacity for suffering, and dignity comes of misery nobly borne.

As she sat working on Kate’s dress, she was surprised to hear a
heavy step approaching. There came a knock at the door; she answered,
admitting Daniel.

He looked about the room, partly from curiosity, partly through
embarrassment. Dusk was falling.

‘Young ‘uns in bed?’ he said, lowering his voice.

‘Yes, they are asleep,’ Emma replied.

‘You don’t mind me coming up?’

‘Oh no!’

He went to the window and looked at the houses opposite, then at the
flushed sky.

‘Bank holiday to-morrow. I thought I’d like to ask you whether you and
Mrs. Clay and the children ‘ud come with me to Epping Forest. If it’s
a day like this, it’ll be a nice drive--do you good. You look as if you
wanted a breath of fresh air, if you don’t mind me sayin’ it.’

‘It’s very kind of you, Mr. Dabbs,’ Emma replied. ‘I am very sorry I
can’t come myself, but my sister and the children perhaps--’

She could not refuse for them likewise, yet she was troubled to accept
so far.

‘But why can’t _you_ come?’ he asked good-naturedly, slapping his hat
against his leg.

‘I have some work that’ll take me nearly all day.’

‘But you’ve no business to work on a bank holiday. I’m not sure as it
ain’t breakin’ the law.’

He laughed, and Emma did her best to show a smile. But she said nothing.

‘But you _will_ come, now? You can lose just the one day? It’ll do you
a power o’ good. You’ll work all the better on Tuesday, now see if you
don’t. Why, it ain’t worth livin’, never to get a holiday.’

‘I’m very sorry. It was very kind indeed of you to think of it, Mr.
Dabbs. I really can’t come.’

He went again to the window, and thence to the children’s bedside. He
bent a little and watched them breathing.

‘Bertie’s growin’ a fine little lad.’

‘Yes, indeed, he is.’

‘He’ll have to go to school soon, I s’pose--I’m afraid he gives you a
good deal of trouble, that is, I mean--you know how I mean it.’

‘Oh, he is very good,’ Emma said, looking at the sleeping face

‘Yes, yes.’

Daniel had meant something different; he saw that Emma would not
understand him.

‘We see changes in life,’ he resumed, musingly. ‘Now who’d a’ thought I
should end up with having more money than I. know how to use? The ‘ouse
has done well for eight years now, an’ it’s likely to do well for a good
many years yet, as far as I can see.’

‘I am glad to hear that,’ Emma replied constrainedly.

‘Miss Vine, I wanted you to come to Epping Forest to-morrow because I
thought I should have a chance of a little talk. I don’t mean that was
the only reason; it’s too bad you never get a holiday, and I should
like it to a’ done you good. But I thought I might a’ found a chance o’
sayin’ something, something I’ve thought of a long time, and that’s the
honest truth. I want to help you and your sister and the young ‘uns,
but _you_ most of all. I don’t like to see you livin’ such a hard life,
‘cause you deserve something better, if ever anyone did. Now will you
let me help you? There’s only one way, and it’s the way I’d like best of
any. The long an’ the short of it is, I want to ask you if you’ll come
an’ live at the ‘ouse, come and bring Mrs. Clay an’ the children?’

Emma looked at him in surprise and felt uncertain of his meaning, though
his speech had painfully prepared her with an answer.

‘I’d do my right down best to make you a good ‘usband, that I would,
Emma!’ Daniel hurried on, getting flustered. ‘Perhaps I’ve been a bit
too sudden? Suppose we leave it till you’ve had time to think over? It’s
no good talking to you about money an’ that kind o’ thing; you’d marry a
poor man as soon as a rich, if only you cared in the right way for
him. I won’t sing my own praises, but I don’t think you’d find much to
complain of in me. I’d never ask you to go into the bar, ‘cause I know
you ain’t suited for that, and, what’s more, I’d rather you didn’t. Will
you give it a thought?’

It was modest enough, and from her knowledge of the man Emma felt that
he was to be trusted for more than his word. But he asked an impossible
thing. She could not imagine herself consenting to marry any man, but
the reasons why she could not marry Daniel Dabbs were manifold. She felt
them all, but it was only needful to think of one.

Yet it was a temptation, and the hour of it might have been chosen.
With a scarcity of food for the morrow, with dark fears for her sister,
suffering incessantly on the children’s account, Emma might have been
pardoned if she had taken the helping hand. But the temptation, though
it unsteadied her brain for a moment, could never have overcome her. She
would have deemed it far less a crime to go out and steal a loaf from
the baker’s shop than to marry Daniel because he offered rescue from

She refused him, as gently as she could, but with firmness which left
him no room for misunderstanding her. Daniel was awed by her quiet

‘But I can wait,’ he stammered; ‘if you’d take time to think it over?’

Useless; the answer could at no time be other.

‘Well, I’ve no call to grumble,’ he said. ‘You say straight out what you
mean. No woman can do fairer than that.’

His thought recurred for a moment to Alice, whose fault had been that
she was ever ambiguous.

‘It’s hard to bear. I don’t think I shall ever care to marry any other
woman. But you’re doin’ the right thing and the honest thing; I wish all
women was like you.’

At the door he turned.

‘There’d be no harm if I take Mrs. Clay and the children, would there?’

‘I am sure they will thank you, Mr. Dabbs.’

It did not matter now that there was a clear understanding.

At a little distance from the house door Daniel found Mrs. Clay waiting.

‘No good,’ he said cheerlessly.

‘She won’t go?’

‘No. But I’ll take you and the children, if you’ll come.’

Kate did not immediately reply. A grave disappointment showed itself in
her face.

‘Can’t be helped,’ Daniel replied to her look. ‘I did my best’

Kate accepted his invitation, and they arranged the hour of meeting. As
she approached the house to enter, flow looking ill-tempered, a woman of
her acquaintance met her. After a few minutes’ conversation they walked
away together.

Emma sat up till twelve o’clock. The thought on which she was brooding
was not one to make the time go lightly; it was--how much and how
various evil can be wrought by a single act of treachery. And the
instance in her mind was more fruitful than her knowledge allowed her to

Kate appeared shortly after midnight. She had very red cheeks and very
bright eyes, and her mood was quarrelsome. She sat down on the bed
and began to talk of Daniel Dabbs, as she had often done already, in a
maundering way. Emma kept silence; she was beginning to undress.

‘There’s a man with money,’ said Kate, her voice getting louder; ‘money,
I tell you, and you’ve only to say a word. And you won’t even be civil
to him. You’ve got no feeling; you don’t care for nobody but yourself.
I’ll take the children and leave you to go your own way, that’s what
I’ll do!’

It was hard to make no reply, but Emma succeeded in commanding herself.
The maundering talk went on for more than an hour. Then came the
wretched silence of night.

Emma did not sleep. She was too wobegone to find a tear. Life stood
before her in the darkness like a hideous spectre.

In the morning she told her sister that Daniel had asked her to marry
him and that she had refused. It was best to have that understood. Kate
heard with black brows. But even yet she knew something of shame when
she remembered her return home the night before; it kept her from giving
utterance to her anger.

There followed a scene such as had occurred two or three times during
the past six months. Emma threw aside all her coldness, and with
passionate entreaty besought her sister to draw back from the gulf’s
edge whilst there was yet time. For her own sake, for the sake of Bertie
and the little girl, by the memory of that dear dead one who lay in the
waste cemetery!

‘Pity me, too! Think a little of me, Kate dear! You are driving me to

Kate was moved, she had not else been human. The children were looking
up with frightened, wondering eyes. She hid her face and muttered
promises of amendment.

Emma kissed her, and strove hard to hope.


With his five hundred pounds lodged in the bank, Mutimer felt ill at
ease in the lodgings in Pentonville. He began to look bout for an abode
more suitable to the dignity of his position, and shortly discovered
a house in Holloway, the rent twenty-eight pounds, the situation
convenient for his purposes. By way of making some amends to Adela for
his less than civil behaviour, he took the house and had it modestly
furnished (at the cost of one hundred and ten pounds) before saying
anything to her of his plans. Then, on the pretext of going to search
for pleasanter lodgings, he one day took her to Holloway and led her
into her own dwelling. Adela was startled, but did her best to seem

They returned to Pentonville, settled their accounts, packed their
belongings, and by evening were able to sit down to a dinner cooked by
their own servant--under Adela’s supervision. Mutimer purchased a couple
of bottles of claret on the way home, that the first evening might be
wholly cheerful. Of a sudden he had become a new man; the sullenness had
passed, and he walked from room to room with much the same air of lofty
satisfaction as when he first surveyed the interior of Wanley Manor.
He made a show of reading in the hour before dinner, but could not keep
still for more than a few minutes at a time; he wanted to handle the
furniture, to survey the prospect from the windows, to walk out into the
road and take a general view of the house. When their meal had begun,
and the servant, instructed to wait at table, chanced to be out of the
room, he remarked:

‘We’ll begin, of course, to dine at the proper time again. It’s far
better, don’t you think so?’

‘Yes, I think so.’

‘And, by-the-by, you’ll see that Mary has a cap.’

Adela smiled.

‘Yes, I’ll see she has.’

Mary herself entered. Some impulse she did not quite understand led
Adela to look at the girl in her yet capless condition. She said
something which would require Mary to answer, and found herself
wondering at the submissive tone, the repeated ‘Mum.’

‘Yes,’ she mused with herself, ‘she is our creature. We pay her and she
must attire herself to suit our ideas of propriety. She must remember
her station.’

‘What is it?’ Mutimer asked, noticing that she had again smiled.


His pipe lit, his limbs reposing in the easy-chair, Mutimer became
expansive. He requested Adela’s attention whilst he rendered a full
account of all the moneys he had laid out, and made a computation of the
cost of living on this basis.

‘The start once made,’ he said, ‘you see it isn’t a bit dearer than the
lodgings. And the fact is, I couldn’t have done much in that hole. Now
here, I feel able to go to work. It isn’t in reality spending money on
ourselves, though it may look like it. You see I must have a place where
people can call to see me; we’d no room before.’

He mused.

‘You’ll write and tell your mother?’


‘Don’t say anything about the money. You haven’t done yet, I suppose?’


‘Better not That’s our own business. You can just say you’re more
comfortable. Of course,’ he added, ‘there’s no secret. I shall let
people understand in time that I am carrying out the wishes of a
Socialist friend. That’s simple enough. But there’s no need to talk
about it just yet. I must get fairly going first.’

His face gathered light as he proceeded.

‘Ah, _now_ I’ll do something! see if I don’t. You see, the fact of the
matter is, there are some men who are cut out for leading in a movement,
and I have the kind of feeling--well, for one thing, I’m readier at
public speaking than most. You think so, don’t you?’

Adela was sewing together some chintzes. She kept her eyes closely on
the work.

‘Yes, I think so.’

‘Now the first thing I shall get done,’ her husband pursued, a little
disappointed that she gave no warmer assent, ‘is that book, “My Work at
New Wanley.” The Union ‘ll publish it. It ought to have a good sale in
Belwick and round about there. You see I must get my name well known;
that’s everything. When I’ve got that off hand, then I shall begin on
the East End. I mean to make the East End my own ground. I’ll see if
something can’t be done to stir ‘em up. I haven’t quite thought it
out yet. There must be some way of getting them to take an interest in
Socialism. Now we’ll see what can be done in twelve months. What’ll you
bet me that I don’t add a thousand members to the Union in this next

‘I dare say you can.’

‘There’s no “dare say” about it. I mean to! I begin to think I’ve
special good luck; things always turn out right in the end. When I
lost my work because I was a Socialist, then came Wanley. Now I’ve lost
Wanley, and here comes five hundred a year for ten years! I wonder who
that poor fellow may be? I suppose he’ll die soon, and then no doubt we
shall hear his name. I only wish there were a few more like him.’

‘The East End!’ he resumed presently. ‘That’s my ground. I’ll make the
East End know me as well as they know any man in England. What we want
is personal influence. It’s no use asking them to get excited about
a _movement_; they must have a _man_. Just the same in _bourgeois_
politics. It isn’t Liberalism they care for; it’s Gladstone. Wait and

He talked for three hours, at times as if he were already on the
platform before a crowd of East Enders who were shouting, ‘Mutimer for
ever!’ Adela fell into physical weariness; at length she with difficulty
kept her eyes open. His language was a mere buzzing in her ears; her
thoughts were far away.

‘My Work at New Wanley’ was written and published; Keene had the glory
of revising the manuscript. It made a pamphlet of thirty-two pages, and
was in reality an autobiography. It presented the ideal working man; the
author stood as a type for ever of the noble possibilities inherent in
his class. Written of course in the first person, it contained passages
of monumental self-satisfaction. Adela, too, was mentioned; to her
horror she found a glowing description of the work she had done among
the women and children. After reading that page she threw the pamphlet
aside and hid her face in her hands. She longed for the earth to cover

But the publication had no sale worth speaking of. A hundred copies were
got rid of at the Socialist centres, and a couple of hundred more when
the price was reduced from twopence to a penny. This would not satisfy
Mutimer. He took the remaining three hundred off the hands of the
Union and sowed them broadcast over the East End, where already he was
actively at work. Then he had a thousand more struck off, and at every
meeting which he held gave away numerous copies. Keene wrote to suggest
that in a new edition there should be a woodcut portrait of the author
on the front. Mutimer was delighted with the idea, and at once had it
carried out.

Through this winter and the spring that followed he worked hard. It had
become a necessity of his existence to hear his name on the lips of men,
to be perpetually in evidence. Adela saw that day by day his personal
vanity grew more absorbing. When he returned from a meeting he would
occupy her for hours with a recitation of the speeches he had made, with
a minute account of what others had said of him. He succeeded in forming
a new branch of the Union in Clerkenwell, and by contributing half the
rent obtained a room for meetings. In this branch he was King Mutimer.

In the meantime the suit against Rodman was carried through, it could
have of course but one result. Rodman was sold up; but the profit
accruing to Hubert Eldon was trifling, for the costs were paid out
of the estate, and it appeared that Rodman, making hay whilst the sun
shone, had spent all but the whole of his means. There remained the
question whether he was making fraudulent concealments. Mutimer was
morally convinced that this was the case, and would vastly have enjoyed
laying his former friend by the heels for the statutable six weeks, but
satisfactory proofs were not to be obtained. Through Mr. Yottle, Eldon
expressed the desire that, as far as he was concerned, the matter might
rest. But it was by no means with pure zeal for justice that Mutimer had
proceeded thus far. He began the suit in anger, and, as is wont to be
the case with litigants, grew more bitter as it went on. The selling up
of Rodman’s house was an occasion of joy to him; he went about singing
and whistling.

Adela marvelled that he could so entirely forget the sufferings of his
sister; she had had so many proofs of his affection for Alice. In fact
he was far from forgetting her, but he made strange distinction between
her and her husband, and had a feeling that in doing his utmost to
injure Rodman he was in a manner avenging Alice. His love for Alice
was in no degree weakened, but--if the state can be understood--he was
jealous of the completeness with which she had abandoned him to espouse
the cause of her husband. Alice had renounced her brother; she never saw
him, and declared that she never would speak to him again. And Mutimer
had no fear lest she should suffer want. Rodman had a position of some
kind in the City; he and his wife lived for a while in lodgings, then
took a house at Wimbledon.

One of Mutimer’s greatest anxieties had been lest he should have a
difficulty henceforth in supporting his mother in the old house. The
economical plan would have been for Adela and himself to go and live
with the old woman, but he felt that to be impossible. His mother would
never become reconciled to Adela, and, if the truth must be told, he was
ashamed to make known to Adela his mother’s excessive homeliness. Then
again he was still estranged from the old woman. Though he often thought
of what Alice had said to him on that point, month after month went by
and he could not make up his mind to go to Wilton Square. Having let
the greater part of her house, Mrs. Mutimer needed little pecuniary aid;
once she returned money which he had sent to her ‘Arry still lived with
her, and ‘Arry was a never-ending difficulty. After his appearance in
the police court, he retired for a week or two into private life; that
is to say, he contented himself with loafing about the streets of Hoxton
and the City, and was at home by eleven o’clock nightly, perfectly
sober. The character of this young man was that of a distinct class,
comprising the sons of mechanics who are ruined morally by being taught
to consider themselves above manual labour. Had he from the first been
put to a craft, he would in all likelihood have been no worse than the
ordinary English artisan--probably drinking too much and loafing on
Mondays, but not sinking below the level of his fellows in the workshop.
His positive fault was that shared by his brother and sister--personal
vanity. It was encouraged from the beginning by immunity from the only
kind of work for which he was fitted, and the undreamt-of revolution in
his prospects gave fatal momentum to all his worst tendencies. Keene and
Rodman successively did their best, though unintentionally, to ruin him.
He was now incapable of earning his living by any continuous work.
Since his return to London he had greatly extended his circle of
acquaintances, which consisted of idle fellows of the same type, youths
who hang about the lowest fringe of clerkdom till they definitely class
themselves either with the criminal community or with those who make a
living by unrecognised pursuits which at any time may chance to bring
them within the clutches of the law. To use a coarse but expressive
word, he was a hopeless blackguard.

Let us be just; ‘Arry had, like every other man, his better moments. He
knew that he had made himself contemptible to his mother, to Richard,
and to Alice, and the knowledge was so far from agreeable that it often
drove him to recklessness. That was his way of doing homage to the
better life; he had no power of will to resist temptation, but he could
go to meet it doggedly out of sheer dissatisfaction with himself. Our
social state ensures destruction to such natures; it has no help for
them, no patient encouragement. Naturally he hardened himself in vicious
habits. Despised by his own people, he soothed his injured vanity by
winning a certain predominance among the contemptible. The fact that
he had been on the point of inheriting a fortune in itself gave him
standing; he told his story in public-houses and elsewhere, and relished
the distinction of having such a story to tell. Even as his brother
Richard could not rest unless he was prominent as an agitator, so
it became a necessity to ‘Arry to lead in the gin-palace and the
music-hall. He made himself the aristocrat of rowdyism.

But it was impossible to live without ready money, and his mother,
though supplying him with board and lodging, refused to give him a
penny. He made efforts on his own account to obtain employment, but
without result. At last there was nothing for it but to humble himself
before Richard.

He did it with an ill-enough grace. Early one morning he presented
himself at the house in Holloway. Richard was talking with his wife in
the sitting-room, breakfast being still on the table. On the visitor’s
name being brought to him, he sent Adela away and allowed the scapegrace
to be admitted.

‘Arry shuffled to a seat and sat leaning forward, holding his hat
between his knees.

‘Well, what do you want?’ Richard asked severely. He was glad that ‘Arry
had at length come, and he enjoyed assuming the magisterial attitude.

‘I want to find a place,’ ‘Arry replied, without looking up, and in a
dogged voice. ‘I’ve been trying to get one, and I can’t. I think you
might help a feller.’

‘What’s the good of helping you? You’ll be turned out of any place in a
week or two.’

‘No, I shan’t!’

‘What sort of a place do you want?’

‘A clerk’s, of course.’

He pronounced the word ‘clerk’ as it is spelt; it made him seem yet more

‘Have you given up drink?’

No answer

‘Before I try to help you,’ said Mutimer, ‘you’ll have to take the

‘All right!’ ‘Arry muttered.

Then a thought occurred to Richard. Bidding his brother stay where he
was, he went in search of Adela and found her in an upper room.

‘He’s come to ask me to help him to get a place,’ he said. ‘I don’t know
very well how to set about it, but I suppose I must do something. He
promises to take the pledge.’

‘That will be a good thing,’ Adela replied.

‘Good if he keeps it. But I can’t talk to him; I’m sick of doing so.
And I don’t think he even listens to me.’ He hesitated. ‘Do you think
you--would you mind speaking to him? I believe you might do him good.’

Adela did not at once reply.

‘I know it’s a nasty job,’ he pursued. ‘I wouldn’t ask you if I didn’t
really think you might do some good. I don’t see why he should go to the
dogs. He used to be a good enough fellow when he was a little lad.’

It was one of the most humane speeches Adela had ever heard from her
husband. She replied with cheerfulness:

‘If you really think he won’t take it amiss, I shall be very glad to do
my best.’

‘That’s right; thank you.’

Adela went down and was alone with ‘Arry for half-an-hour. She was young
to undertake such an office, but suffering had endowed her with gravity
and understanding beyond her years, and her native sweetness was such
that she could altogether forget herself in pleading with another for
a good end. No human being, however perverse, could have taken ill the
words that were dictated by so pure a mind, and uttered in so musical
and gentle a voice. She led ‘Arry to speak frankly.

‘It seems to me a precious hard thing,’ he said, ‘that they’ve let Dick
keep enough money to live on comfortable, and won’t give me a penny. My
right was as good as his.’

‘Perhaps it was,’ Adela replied kindly. ‘But you must remember that
money was left to your brother by the will.’

‘But you don’t go telling me that he lives on two pounds a week?
Everybody knows he doesn’t. Where does the rest come from?’

‘I don’t think I must talk about that. I think very likely jour brother
will explain if you ask him seriously. But is it really such a hard
thing after all, Harry? I feel so sure that you will only know real
happiness when you are earning a livelihood by steady and honourable
work. You remember how I used to go and see the people in New Wanley?
I shall never forget how happy the best of them were, those who worked
their hardest all day and at night came home to rest with their families
and friends. And you yourself, how contented you used to be when your
time was thoroughly occupied! But I’m sure you feel the truth of this.
You have been disappointed; it has made you a little careless. Now work
hard for a year and then come and tell me if I wasn’t right about that
being the way to happiness. Will you?’

She rose and held her hand to him; the hand to which he should have
knelt. But he said nothing; there was an obstacle in his throat. Adela
understood his silence and left him.

Richard went to work among his friends, and in a fortnight had found his
brother employment of a new kind. It was a place in an ironmonger’s shop
in Hoxton; ‘Arry was to serve at the counter and learn the business. For
three months he was on trial and would receive no salary.

Two of the three months passed, and all seemed to be going well. Then
one day there came to Mutimer a telegram from ‘Arry’s employer; it
requested that he would go to the shop as soon as possible. Foreseeing
some catastrophe, he hastened to Hoxton. His brother was in custody for
stealing money from the till.

The ironmonger was inexorable. ‘Arry passed through the judicial routine
and was sentenced to three months of hard labour.

It was in connection with this wretched affair that Richard once more
met his mother. He went from the shop to tell her what had happened.

He found her in the kitchen, occupied as he had seen her many, many
times, ironing newly washed linen. One of the lodgers happened to come
out from the house as he ascended the steps, so he was able to go down
without announcing himself. The old woman had a nervous start; the iron
stopped in its smooth backward and forward motion; the hand with
which she held it trembled. She kept her eyes on Richard’s face, which
foretold evil.

‘Mother, I have brought you bad news.’

She pushed the iron aside and stood waiting. Her hard lips grew harder;
her deep-set eyes had a stern light. Not much ill could come to pass for
which she was not prepared.

He tried to break the news. His mother interrupted him.

‘What’s he been a-doin’? You’ve no need to go round about. I like

Richard told her. It did not seem to affect her strongly; she turned to
the table and resumed her work. But she could no longer guide the iron.
She pushed it aside and faced her son with such a look as one may see in
the eyes of a weak animal cruelly assailed. Her tongue found its freedom
and bore her whither it would.

‘What did I tell you? What was it I said that night you come in and told
me you; was all rich? Didn’t I warn you that there’d no good come of
it? Didn’t I say you’d remember my words? You laughed at me; you got
sharp-tempered with me an as good as called me a fool. An’ what _has_
come of it? What’s come of it to me? I had a ‘ome once an’ children
about me, an’ now I’ve neither the one nor the other. You call it a ‘ome
with strangers takin’ up well nigh all the ‘ouse? Not such a ome as I
thought to end my days in. It fair scrapes on my heart every time I hear
their feet going up an’ down the stairs. An’ where are my children gone?
Two of ‘em as ‘ud never think to come near me if it wasn’t to bring ill
news, an’ one in prison. How ‘ud that sound in your father’s ears, think
you? I may have been a fool, but I knew what ‘ud come of a workin’ man’s
children goin’ to live in big ‘ouses, with their servants an’ their
carriages. What better are you? It’s come an’ it’s gone, an’ there’s
shame an’ misery left be’ind it!’

Richard listened without irritation; he was heavy-hearted, the shock
of his brother’s disgrace had disposed him to see his life on its dark
side. And he pitied his poor old mother. She had never been tender
in her words, could not be tender; but he saw in her countenance the
suffering through which she had gone, and read grievous things in the
eyes that could no longer weep. For once he yielded to rebuke. Her
complaint that he had not come to see her touched him, for he had
desired to come, but could not subdue his pride. Her voice was feebler
than when he last heard it raised in reproach; it reminded him that
there would come a day when he might long to hear even words of
upbraiding, but the voice would be mute for ever. It needed a moment
such as this to stir his sluggish imagination.

‘What you say is true, mother, but we couldn’t help it. It’s turned out
badly because we live in bad times. It’s the state of society that’s to

He was sincere in saying it; that is to say, he used the phrase so
constantly that it had become his natural utterance in difficulty; it
may be that in his heart he believed it. Who, indeed, shall say that he
was wrong? But what made such an excuse so disagreeable in his case was
that he had not--intellectually speaking--the right to avail himself of
it. The difference between truth and cant often lies only in the lips
that give forth the words.

‘Yes, that’s what you always said,’ replied Mrs. Mutimer impatiently.
‘It’s always someone else as is to blame, an’ never yourself. The
world’s a good enough world if folk ‘ud only make it so. Was it the bad
times as made you leave a good, honest girl when you’d promised to marry
her? No, you must have a fine lady for your wife; a plain girl as earnt
her own bread, an’ often had hard work to get it, wasn’t good enough for
you. Don’t talk to me about bad times. There’s some men as does right
an’ some as does wrong; it always was so, an’ the world’s no worse nor
no better, an’ not likely to be.’

The poor woman could not be generous. A concession only led her on
to speak the thoughts it naturally suggested to her. And her very
bitterness was an outcome of her affection; it soothed her to rail
at her son after so long a silence. He had injured her by his holding
aloof; she was urged on by this feeling quite as much as by anger with
his faults. And still Mutimer showed no resentment. In him, too, there
was a pleasure which came of memories revived. Let her say to him what
she liked, he loved his mother and was glad to be once more in her

‘I wish I could have pleased you better, mother,’ he said. ‘What’s done
can’t be helped. We’ve trouble to bear together, and it won’t be lighter
for angry words.’

The old woman muttered something inaudible and, after feeling her iron
and discovering that it was cold, she put it down before the fire. Her
tongue had eased itself, and she fell again into silent grief.

Mutimer sat listening to the tick of the familiar clock. That and the
smell of the fresh linen made his old life very present to him; there
arose in his heart a longing for the past, it seemed peaceful and fuller
of genuine interests than the life he now led. He remembered how he
used to sit before the kitchen fire reading the books and papers which
stirred his thought to criticism of the order of things; nothing now
absorbed him in the same way. Coming across a sentence that delighted
him, he used to read it aloud to his mother, who perchance was ironing
as now, or sewing, or preparing a meal, and she would find something
to say against it; so that there ensued a vigorous debate between her
old-fashioned ideas and the brand-new theories of the age of education:
Then Alice would come in and make the dispute a subject for sprightly
mockery. Alice was the Princess in those days. He quarrelled with her
often, but only to resume the tone of affectionate banter an hour after.
Alice was now Mrs. Rodman, and had declared that she hated him, that
in her life she would never speak to him again. Would it not have been
better if things had gone the natural course? Alice would no doubt have
married Daniel Dabbs, and would have made him a good wife, if a rather
wilful one. ‘Arry would have given trouble, but surely could not have
come to hopeless shame. He, Richard, would have had Emma Vine for his
wife, a true wife, loving him with all her heart, thinking him the best
and cleverest of working men. Adela did not love him; what she thought
of his qualities it was not easy to say. Yes, the old and natural
way was better. He would have had difficulties enough, because of his
opinions, but at least he would have continued truly to represent his
class. He knew very well that he did not represent it now; he belonged
to no class at all; he was a professional agitator, and must remain so
through his life--or till the Revolution came. The Revolution?...

His mother was speaking to him, asking what he meant to do about ‘Arry.
He raised his eyes, and for a moment looked at her sadly.

‘There’s nothing to be done. I can pay a lawyer, but it’ll be no good.’

He remained with his mother for yet an hour; they talked intermittently,
without in appearance coming nearer to each other, though in fact the
barrier was removed. She made tea for him, and herself made pretence of
taking some. When he went away he kissed her as he had used to. He left
her happier than she had been for years, in spite of the news he had

Thenceforward Mutimer went to Wilton Square regularly once a week. He
let Adela know of this, saying casually one morning that he could not do
something that day because his mother would expect him in the afternoon
as usual. He half hoped that she might put some question which would
lead to talk on the subject, for the reconciliation with his mother
had brought about a change in his feelings, and it would now have been
rather agreeable to him to exhibit his beautiful and gentle-mannered
wife. But Adela merely accepted the remark.

He threw himself into the work of agitation with more energy than ever.
By this time he had elaborated a scheme which was original enough
to ensure him notoriety if only he could advertise it sufficiently
throughout the East End. He hit upon it one evening when he was smoking
his pipe after dinner. Adela was in the room with him reading. He took
her into his confidence at once.

‘I’ve got it at last! I want something that’ll attract their attention.
It isn’t enough to preach theories to them; they won’t wake up; there’s
no getting them to feel in earnest about Socialism. I’ve been racking my
brain for something to set them talking, it didn’t much matter what,
but better of course if it was useful in itself at the same time. Now
I think I’ve got it. It’s a plan for giving them a personal interest, a
money interest, in me and my ideas. I’ll go and say to them, “How is it
you men never save any money even when you could? I’ll tell you: it’s
because the savings would be so little that they don’t seem worth while;
you think you might as well go and enjoy yourselves in the public-house
while you can. What’s the use of laying up a few shillings? The money
comes and goes, and it’s all in a life.” Very well, then, I’ll put my
plan before them. “Now look here,” I’ll say, “instead of spending so
much on beer and spirits, come to me and _let me keep your money for
you_!” They’ll burst out laughing at me, and say, “Catch us doing that!”
 Yes, but I’ll persuade them, see if I don’t. And in this way. “Suppose,”
 I’ll say, “there’s five hundred men bring me threepence each every week.
Now what man of you doesn’t spend threepence a week in drink, get the
coppers how he may? Do you know how much that comes to, five hundred
threepenny bits? Why, it’s six pounds five shillings. And do you know
what that comes to in a year? Why, no less than three hundred and
twenty-five pounds! Now just listen to that, and think about it. Those
threepenny bits are no use to you; you _can’t_ save them, and you spend
them in a way that does you no good, and it may be harm. Now what do you
think I’ll do with that money? Why, I’ll use it as the capitalists
do. I’ll put it out to interest; I’ll get three per cent. for it, and
perhaps more. But let’s say three per cent. What’s the result? Why,
this: in one year your three hundred and twenty-five pounds has become
three hundred and thirty-four pounds fifteen; I owe each of you thirteen
shillings and fourpence halfpenny, and a fraction more.”’

He had already jotted down calculations, and read from them, looking up
between times at Adela with the air of conviction which he would address
to his audience of East Enders.

‘“Now if you’d only saved the thirteen shillings--which you wouldn’t and
couldn’t have done by yourselves--it would be well worth the while; but
you’ve got the interest as well, and the point I want you to understand
is that you can only get that increase by clubbing together and
investing the savings as a whole. You may say fourpence halfpenny isn’t
worth having. Perhaps not, but those of you who’ve learnt arithmetic--be
thankful if our social state allowed you to learn anything--will
remember that there’s such a thing as compound interest. It’s a trick
the capitalists found out. Interest was a good discovery, but compound
interest a good deal better. Leave your money with me a second year, and
it’ll grow more still, I’ll see to that. You’re all able, I’ve no doubt,
to make the calculation for yourselves.”’

He paused to see what Adela would say.

‘No doubt it will be a very good thing if you can persuade them to save
in that way,’ she remarked.

‘Good, yes; but I’m not thinking so much of the money. Don’t you see
that it’ll give me a hold over them? Every man who wants to save on my
plan must join the Union. They’ll come together regularly; I can get
at them and make them listen to me. Why, it’s a magnificent idea! It’s
fighting the capitalists with their own weapons! You’ll see what the
“Tocsin” ‘ll say. Of course they’ll make out that I’m going against
Socialist principles. So I am, but it’s for the sake of Socialism for
all that. If I make Socialists, it doesn’t much matter how I do it.’

Adela could have contested that point, but did not care to do so. She

‘Are you sure you can persuade the men to trust you with their money?’

‘That’s the difficulty, I know; but see if I don’t get over it. I’ll
have a committee, holding themselves responsible for all sums paid to
us. I’ll publish weekly accounts--just a leaflet, you know. And do
you know what? I’ll promise that as soon as they’ve trusted me with a
hundred pounds, I’ll add another hundred of my own. See if that won’t
fetch them!’

As usual when he saw a prospect of noisy success he became excited
beyond measure, and talked incessantly till midnight.

‘Other men don’t have these ideas!’ he exclaimed at one moment. ‘That’s
what I meant when I told you I was born to be a leader. And I’ve the
secret of getting people’s confidence. They’ll trust me, see if they

In spite of Adela’s unbroken reserve, he had seldom been other than
cordial in his behaviour to her since the recommencement of his
prosperity. His active life gave him no time to brood over suspicions,
though his mind was not altogether free from them. He still occasionally
came home at hours when he could not be expected, but Adela was always
occupied either with housework or reading, and received him with the
cold self-possession which came of her understanding his motives. Her
life was lonely; since a visit they had received from Alfred at the past
Christmas she had seen no friend. One day in spring Mutimer asked her
if she did not wish to see Mrs. Westlake; she replied that she had
no desire to, and he said nothing more. Stella did not write; she had
ceased to do so since receiving a certain lengthy letter from Adela, in
which the latter begged that their friendship might feed on silence
for a while. When the summer came there were pressing invitations from
Wanley, but Adela declined them. Alfred and his wife were going again
to South Wales; was it impossible for Adela to join them? Letty wrote a
letter full of affectionate pleading, but it was useless.

In August, Mutimer proposed to take his wife for a week the Sussex
coast. He wanted a brief rest himself, and he saw that Adela was yet
more in need of change. She never complained of ill-health, but was weak
and pale. With no inducement to leave the house, it was much if she
had an hour’s open-air exercise in the week; often the mere exertion
of rising and beginning the day was followed by a sick languor which
compelled her to lie all the afternoon on the couch. She studied much,
reading English and foreign books which required mental exertion. They
were rot works relating to the ‘Social Question’--far other. The volumes
she used to study were a burden and a loathing to her as often as her
eyes fell upon them.

In her letters from Wanley there was never a word of what was going on
in the valley. Week after week she looked eagerly for some hint, yet was
relieved when she found none. For it had become her habit to hand over
to Mutimer every letter she received. He read them.

Shortly after their return from the seaside, ‘Arry’s term of
imprisonment came to an end. He went to his mother’s house, and Richard
first saw him there. Punishment had had its usual effect; ‘Arry was
obstinately taciturn, conscious of his degradation, inwardly at war with
all his kind.

‘There’s only one thing I can do for you now,’ his brother said to him.
‘I’ll pay your passage to Australia. Then you must shift for yourself.’

‘Arry refused the offer.

‘Give me the money instead,’ was his reply.

Argument was vain; Richard and the old woman passed to entreaty, but
with as little result.

‘Give me ten pounds and let me go about my business,’ ‘Arry exclaimed
irritably. ‘I want no more from you, and you won’t get any good out o’
me by jawin’.’

The money was of course refused, in the hope that a week or two would
change the poor fellow’s mind. But two days after he went out and did
not return. Nothing was heard of him. Mrs. Mutimer sat late every night,
listening for a knock at the door. Sometimes she went and stood on the
steps, looking hither and thither in the darkness. But ‘Arry came no
more to Wilton Square.

Mutimer had been pressing on his scheme for five months. Every night he
addressed a meeting somewhere or other in the East End; every Sunday
he lectured morning and evening at his head-quarters in Clerkenwell.
Ostensibly he was working on behalf of the Union, but in reality he was
forming a party of his own, and would have started a paper could he
have commanded the means. The ‘Tocsin’ was savagely hostile, the ‘Fiery
Gross.’ grew more and more academical, till it was practically an organ
of what is called in Germany _Katheder-Sozialismus_. Those who wrote
for it were quite distinct from the agitators of the street and of the
Socialist halls; men--and women--with a turn for ‘advanced’ speculation,
with anxiety for style. At length the name of the paper was changed, and
it appeared as the ‘Beacon,’ adorned with a headpiece by the well-known
artist, Mr. Boscobel. Mutimer glanced through the pages and flung it
aside in scornful disgust.

‘I knew what this was coming to,’ he said to Adela ‘A deal of good
_they_‘ll do! You don’t find Socialism in drawing rooms. I wonder that
fellow Westlake has the impudence to call himself a Socialist at all,
living in the way he does. Perhaps he thinks he’ll be on the safe side
when the Revolution comes. Ha, ha! We shall see.’

The Revolution.... In the meantime the cry was ‘Democratic Capitalism.’
That was the name Mutimer gave to his scheme! The ‘Fiery Gross’ had only
noticed his work in a brief paragraph, a few words of faint and vague
praise. ‘Our comrade’s noteworthy exertions in the East End.... The gain
to temperance and self-respecting habits which must surely result....’
The ‘Beacon,’ however, dealt with the movement more fully, and on the
whole in a friendly spirit.

‘Damn their patronage!’ cried Mutimer.

You should have seen him addressing a crowd collected by chance in
Hackney or Poplar. The slightest encouragement, even one name to
inscribe in the book which he carried about with him, was enough to fire
his eloquence; nay, it was enough to find himself standing on his chair
above the heads of the gathering. His voice had gained in timbre; he
grew more and more perfect in his delivery, like a conscientious actor
who plays night after night in a part that he enjoys. And it was well
that he had this inner support, this _brio_ of the born demagogue, for
often enough he spoke under circumstances which would have damped the
zeal of any other man. The listeners stood with their hands in their
pockets, doubting whether to hear him to the end or to take their wonted
way to the public-house. One moment their eyes would be fixed upon him,
filmy, unintelligent, then they would look at one another with a leer of
cunning, or at best a doubtful grin. Socialism, forsooth! They were
as ready for translation to supernal spheres. Yet some of them were
attracted: ‘percentage,’ ‘interest,’ ‘compound interest,’ after all,
there might be something in this! And perhaps they gave their names and
their threepenny bits, engaging to make the deposit regularly on the
day and at the place arranged for in Mutimer’s elaborate scheme. What is
there a man cannot get if he asks for it boldly and persistently enough?

The year had come full circle; it was time that Mutimer received another
remittance from his anonymous supporter. He needed it, for he had been
laying out money without regard to the future. Not only did he need it
for his own support; already he and his committee held sixty pounds
of trust money, and before long he might be called upon to fulfil his
engagement and contribute a hundred pounds--the promised hundred which
had elicited more threepences than all the rest of his eloquence. A
week, a month, six weeks, and he had heard nothing. Then there came one
day a communication couched in legal terms, signed by a solicitor.
It was to the effect that his benefactor--name and address given in
full--had just died. The decease was sudden, and though the draft of
a will had been discovered, it had no signature, and was consequently
inoperative. But--pursued the lawyer--it having been the intention of
the deceased to bequeath to Mutimer an annuity of five hundred pounds
for nine years, the administrators were unwilling altogether to neglect
their friend’s wish, and begged to make an offer of the one year’s
payment which it seemed was already due. For more than that they could
not hold themselves responsible.

Before speaking to Adela, Mutimer made searching inquiries. He went to
the Midland town where his benefactor had lived, and was only too well
satisfied of the truth of what had been told him. He came back with his
final five hundred pounds.

Then he informed his wife of what had befallen. He was not cheerful,
but with five hundred pounds in his pocket he could not be altogether
depressed. What might not happen in a year? He was becoming prominent;
there had been mention of him lately in London journals. Pooh! as if he
would ever really want!

‘The great thing,’ he exclaimed, ‘is that I can lay down the hundred
pounds! If I’d failed in that it would have been all up. Come, now, why
can’t you give me a bit of encouragement, Adela? I tell you what it is.
There’s no place where I’m thought so little of as in my own home, and
that’s a fact.’

She did not worship him, she made no pretence of it. Her cold, pale
beauty had not so much power over him as formerly, but it still
chagrined him keenly as often as he was reminded that he had no
high place in his wife’s judgment. He knew well enough that it was
impossible for her to: admire him; he was conscious of the thousand
degrading things he had said and done, every one of them stored in
her memory. Perhaps not once since that terrible day in the Pentonville
lodgings had he looked her straight in the eyes. Yes, her beauty
appealed to him less than even a year ago; Adela knew it, and it was the
one solace in her living death. Perhaps occasion could again have stung
him into jealousy, but Adela was no longer a vital interest in his
existence. He lived in external things, his natural life. Passion had
been an irregularity in his development. Yet he would gladly have had
his wife’s sympathy. He neither loved nor hated her, but she was for
ever above him, and, however unconsciously, he longed for her regard.
Irreproachable, reticent, it might be dying, Adela would no longer
affect interests she did not feel. To these present words of his she
replied only with a grave, not unkind, look; a look he could not under
stand, yet which humbled rather than irritated him.

The servant opened the door and announced a visitor--‘Mr. Hilary.’

Mutimer seemed struck with a thought as he heard the name.

‘The very man!’ he exclaimed below his breath, with a glance at Adela.
‘Just run off and let us have this room. My luck won’t desert me, see if
it does!’


Mr. Willis Rodman scarcely relished the process which deprived him
of his town house and of the greater part of his means, but his
exasperation happily did not seek vent for itself in cruelty to his
wife. It might very well have done so, would all but certainly, had not
Alice appealed to his sense of humour by her zeal in espousing his cause
against her brother. That he could turn her round his finger was an old
experience, but to see her spring so actively to arms on his behalf,
when he was conscious that she had every excuse for detesting him, and
even abandoning him, struck him as a highly comical instance of his
power over women, a power on which he had always prided himself. He
could not even explain it as self-interest in her; numberless things
proved the contrary. Alice was still his slave, though he had not given
himself the slightest trouble to preserve even her respect. He had shown
himself to her freely as he was, jocosely cynical on everything that
women prize, brutal when he chose to give way to his temper, faithless
on principle, selfish to the core; perhaps the secret of the fascination
he exercised over her was his very ingenuousness, his boldness in
defying fortune, his clever grasp of circumstances. She said to him one
day, when he had been telling her that as likely as not she might have
to take in washing or set up a sewing-machine:

‘I am not afraid. You can always get money. There’s nothing you can’t

He laughed.

‘That may be true. But how if I disappear some day and leave you to take
care of yourself?’

He had often threatened this in his genial way, and it never failed to
blanch her cheeks.

‘If you do that,’ she said, ‘I shall kill myself.’

At which he laughed yet more loudly.

In her house at Wimbledon she perished of _ennui_, for she was as lonely
as Adela in Holloway. Much lonelier; she had no resources in herself.
Rodman was away all day in London, and very often he did not return at
night; when the latter was the case, Alice cried miserably in her bed
for hours, so that the next morning her face was like that of a wax doll
that has suffered ill-usage. She had an endless supply of novels, and
day after day bent over them till her head ached. Poor Princess! She had
had her own romance, in its way brilliant and strange enough, but only
the rags of it were left. She clung to them, she hoped against hope that
they would yet recover their gloss and shimmer. If only he would not so
neglect her! All else affected her but little now that she really knew
what it meant to see her husband utterly careless, not to be held by
any pettings or entreaties. She heard through him of her brother ‘Arry’s
disgrace; it scarcely touched her. Her brother Richard she was never
tired of railing against, railed so much, indeed, that it showed she
by no means hated him as much as she declared. But nothing would have
mattered if only her husband had cared for her.

She had once said to Adela that she disliked children and hoped never
to have any. It was now her despair that she remained childless. Perhaps
that was why he had lost all affection?

In the summer Rodman once quitted her for nearly three weeks, during
which she only heard from him once. He was in Ireland, and, he asserted,
on business. The famous ‘Irish Dairy Company,’ soon to occupy a share of
public attention, was getting itself on foot. It was Rodman who promoted
the company and who became its secretary, though the name of that
functionary in all printed matter appeared as ‘Robert Delancey.’
However, I only mention it for the present to explain our friend’s
absence in Ireland. Alice often worked herself up to a pitch of terror
lest her husband had fulfilled his threat and really deserted her. He
returned when it suited him to do so, and tortured her with a story of a
wealthy Irish widow who had fallen desperately in love with him.

‘And I’ve a good mind to marry her,’ he added with an air of serious
reflection. Of course I didn’t let her know my real name. I could manage
it very nicely, and you would never know anything about it; I should
remit you all the money you wanted, you needn’t be afraid.’

Alice tried to assume a face of stony indignation, but as usual she
ended by breaking down and shedding tears. Then he told her that she
was getting plainer than ever, and that it all came of her perpetual

Alice hit upon a brilliant idea. What if she endeavoured to make him
jealous? In spite of her entreaties, he never would take her to town,
though he saw that she was perishing for lack of amusement. Suppose
she made him believe that she had gone on her own account, and at the
invitation of someone whose name she would not divulge? I believe she
found the trick in one of her novels. The poor child went to work
most conscientiously. One morning when he came down to breakfast she
pretended to have been reading a letter, crushed an old envelope into
her pocket on his entering the room, and affected confusion. He observed

‘Had a letter?’ he asked.

‘Yes--no. Nothing of any importance.’

He smiled and applied himself to the ham, then left her in his ordinary
way, without a word of courtesy, and went to town. She had asked him
particularly when he should be back that night He named the train, which
reached Wimbledon a little after ten.

They had only one servant. Alice took the girl into her confidence, said
she was going to play a trick, and it must not be spoilt. By ten o’clock
at night she was dressed for going out, and when she heard her husband’s
latch-key at the front door she slipped out at the back. It was her plan
to walk about the roads for half an hour, then to enter and--make the
best of the situation.

Rodman, unable to find his wife, summoned the servant.

‘Where is your mistress?’

‘Out, sir.’

He examined the girl shrewdly, with his eyes and with words. It was
perfectly true that women--of a kind--could not resist him. In the end
he discovered exactly what had happened. He laughed his wonted laugh of
cynical merriment.

‘Go to bed,’ he said to the servant. ‘And if you hear anyone at the
door, pay no attention.’

Then he locked up the house, front and back, and, having extinguished
all lights except a small lantern by which he could read in the
sitting-room without danger of its being discerned from outside, sat
down with a sense of amusement. Presently there came a ring at the
bell; it was repeated again and again. The month was October, the night
decidedly cool. Rodman chuckled to himself; he had a steaming glass of
whisky before him and sipped it delicately. The ringing continued for a
quarter of an hour, then five minutes passed, and no sound came. Rodman
stepped lightly to the front door, listened, heard nothing, unlocked and
opened. Alice was standing in the middle of the road, her hands crossed
over her breast and holding her shoulders as though she suffered from
the cold. She came forward and entered the house without speaking.

In the sitting-room she found the lantern and looked at her husband in
surprise. His face was stern.

‘What’s all this?’ he asked sharply.

‘I’ve been to London,’ she answered, her teeth chattering with cold and
her voice uncertain from fear.

‘Been to London? And what business had you to go without telling me?’

He spoke savagely. Alice was sinking with dread, but even yet had
sufficient resolve to keep up the comedy.

‘I had an invitation. I don’t see why I shouldn’t go. I don’t ask you
who you go about with.’

The table was laid for supper. Rodman darted to it, seized a
carving-knife, and in an instant was holding it to her throat. She
shrieked and fell upon her knees, her face ghastly with mortal terror.
Then Rodman burst out laughing and showed that his anger had been

She had barely strength to rise, but at length stood before him
trembling and sobbing, unable to believe that he had not been in

‘You needn’t explain the trick,’ he said, with the appearance of great
good-humour, ‘but just tell me why you played it. Did you think I should
believe you were up to something queer, eh?’

‘You must think what you like,’ she sobbed, utterly humiliated.

He roared with laughter.

‘What a splendid idea! The Princess getting tired of propriety and
making appointments in London! Little fool! do you think I should care
one straw? Why shouldn’t you amuse yourself?’

Alice looked at him with eyes of wondering misery.

‘Do you mean that you don’t care enough for me to--to--’

‘Don’t care one farthing’s worth! And to think you went and walked about
in the mud and the east wind! Well, if that isn’t the best joke I ever
heard! I’ll have a rare laugh over this story with some men I know

She crept away to her bedroom. He had gone far towards killing the love
that had known no rival in her heart.

He bantered her ceaselessly through breakfast next morning, and for the
first time she could find no word to reply to him. Her head drooped;
she touched nothing on the table. Before going off he asked her what the
appointment was for to-day, and advised her not to forget her latch-key.
Alice scarcely heard him, she was shame-stricken and wobegone.

Rodman, on the other hand, had never been in better spirits. The ‘Irish
Dairy Company’ was attracting purchasers of shares. It was the kind of
scheme which easily recommended itself to a host of the foolish people
who are ever ready to risk their money, also to some not quite so
foolish. The prospectus could show some respectable names: one or two
Irish lords, a member of Parliament, some known capitalists. The profits
could not but be considerable, and think of the good to ‘the unhappy
sister country’--as the circular said. Butter, cheese, eggs of
unassailable genuineness, to be sold in England at absurdly low prices,
yet still putting the producers on a footing of comfort and proud
independence. One of the best ideas that had yet occurred to Mr. Robert

He--the said Mr. Delancey, _alias_ Mr. Willis Rodman, _alias_ certain
other names--spent much of his time just now in the society of a Mr.
Hilary, a gentleman who, like himself, had seen men and manners in
various quarters of the globe, and was at present making a tolerable
income by the profession of philanthropy. Mr. Hilary’s name appeared
among the directors of the company; it gave confidence to many who were
familiar with it in connection with not a few enterprises started for
the benefit of this or that depressed nationality, this or the other
exploited class. He wrote frequently to the newspapers on the most
various subjects; he was known to members of Parliament through his
persistent endeavours to obtain legislation with regard to certain
manufactures proved to be gravely deleterious to the health of those
employed in them. To-day Mr. Delancey and Mr. Hilary passed some hours
together in the latter’s chambers. Their talk was of the company.

‘So you saw Mutimer about it?’ Rodman asked, turning to a detail in
which he was specially interested.

‘Yes. He is anxious to have shares.’

Mr. Hilary was a man of past middle age, long-bearded, somewhat
cadaverous of hue. His head was venerable.

‘You were careful not to mention me?’

‘I kept your caution in mind.’

Their tone to each other was one of perfect gravity. Mr. Hilary even
went out of his way to choose becoming phrases.

‘He won’t have anything to do with it if he gets to know who R. Delancey

‘I was prudent, believe me. I laid before him the aspects of the
undertaking which would especially interest him. I made it clear to
him that our enterprise is no less one of social than of commercial
importance; he entered into our views very heartily. The first time I
saw him, I merely invited him to glance over our prospectus; yesterday
he was more than willing to join our association--and share our

‘Did he tell you how much he’d got out of those poor devils over there?’

‘A matter of sixty pounds, I gathered. I am not a little astonished at
his success.’

‘Oh, he’d talk the devil himself into subscribing to a mission if it
suited him to try.’

‘He is clearly very anxious to get the highest interest possible for his
money. His ideas on business seemed, I confess, rather vague. I did my
best to help him with suggestions.’

‘Of course.’

‘He talked of taking some five hundred pounds’ worth of shares on his
own account.’

The men regarded each other. Rodman’s lips curled; Mr. Hilary was as
grave as ever.

‘You didn’t balk him?’

‘I commended his discretion.’

Rodman could not check a laugh.

‘I am serious,’ said Mr. Hilary. ‘It may take a little time, but--’

‘Just so. Did he question you at all about what we were doing?’

‘A good deal. He said he should go and look over the Stores in the

‘By all means. He’s a clever man if he distinguishes between Irish
butter and English butterine--I’m sure I couldn’t. And things really are
looking up at the Stores?’

‘Oh, distinctly.’

‘By-the-by, I had rather a nasty letter from Lord Mountorry yesterday.
He’s beginning to ask questions: wants to know when we’re going to
conclude our contract with that tenant of his--I’ve forgotten the
fellow’s name.’

‘Well, that must be looked into. There’s perhaps no reason why the
contract should not be concluded. Little by little we may come to
justify our name; who knows? In the meantime, we at all events do a
_bona fide_ business.’

‘Strictly so.’

Rodman had a good deal of business on hand besides that which arose from
his connection with Irish dairies. If Alice imagined him strolling
at his ease about the fashionable lounges of the town, she was much
mistaken. He worked hard and enjoyed his work, on the sole condition
that he was engaged in overreaching someone. This flattered his humour.

He could not find leisure to dine till nearly nine o’clock. He had made
up his mind not to return to Wimbledon, but to make use of a certain
_pied-a-terre_ which he had in Pimlico. His day’s work ended in
Westminster, he dined at a restaurant with a friend. Afterwards
billiards were proposed. They entered a house which Rodman did not know,
and were passing before the bar to go to the billiard-room, when a
man who stood there taking refreshment called out, ‘Hollo, Rodman!’ To
announce a man’s name in this way is a decided breach of etiquette in
the world to which Rodman belonged. He looked annoyed, and would have
passed on, but his acquaintance, who had perhaps exceeded the limits
of modest refreshment, called him again and obliged him to approach the
bar. As he did so Rodman happened to glance at the woman who stood ready
to fulfil the expected order. The glance was followed by a short but
close scrutiny, after which he turned his back and endeavoured by a sign
to draw his two acquaintances away. But at the same moment the barmaid
addressed him.

‘What is yours, Mr. Rodman?’

He shrugged his shoulders, muttered a strong expression, and turned
round again. The woman met his look steadily. She was perhaps thirty,
rather tall, with features more refined than her position would have
led one to expect. Her figure was good but meagre; her cheeks were very
thin, and the expression of her face, not quite amiable at any time, was
at present almost fierce. She seemed about to say something further, but
restrained herself.

Rodman recovered his good temper.

‘How do, Clara?’ he said, keeping his eye fixed on hers. ‘I’ll have a
drop of absinthe, if you please.’

Then he pursued his conversation with the two men. The woman, having
served them, disappeared. Rodman kept looking for her. In a few minutes
he pretended to recollect an engagement and succeeded in going off
alone. As he issued on to the pavement he found himself confronted by
the barmaid, who now wore a hat and cloak.

‘Well?’ he said, carelessly.

‘Rodman’s your name, is it?’ was the reply.

‘To my particular friends. Let’s walk on; we can’t chat here very well.’

‘What is to prevent me from calling that policeman and giving you in
charge?’ she asked, looking into his face with a strange mixture of
curiosity and anger.

‘Nothing, except that you have no charge to make against me. The law
isn’t so obliging as all that. Come, we’ll take a walk.’

She moved along by his side.

‘You coward!’ she exclaimed, passionately but with none of the shrieking
virulence of women who like to make a scene in the street. ‘You mean,
contemptible, cold-blooded man! I suppose you hoped I was starved to
death by this time, or in the workhouse, or--what did _you_ care where I
was! I knew I should find you some day.’

‘I rather supposed you would stay on the other side of the water,’
Rodman remarked, glancing at her. ‘You’re changed a good deal. Now it’s
a most extraordinary thing. Not so very long ago I was dreaming about
you, and you were serving at a bar--queer thing, wasn’t it?’

They were walking towards Whitehall. When they came at length into an
ill-lighted and quiet spot, the woman stopped.

‘Where do you live?’ she asked.

‘Live? Oh, just out here in Pimlico. Like to see my rooms?’

‘What do you mean by talking to me like that? Do you make a joke of
deserting your wife and child for seven years, leaving them without a
penny, going about enjoying yourself, when, for anything you knew, they
were begging their bread? You always were heartless--it was the blackest
day of my life that I met you; and you ask me if I’d like to see your
rooms! What thanks to you that I’m not as vile a creature as there is in
London? How was I to support myself and the child? What was I to do when
they turned me into the streets of New York because I couldn’t pay what
you owed them nor the rent of a room to sleep in? You took good care
_you_ never went hungry. I’d only one thing to hold me up: I was an
honest woman, and I made up my mind I’d keep honest, though I had such
a man as you for my husband. I’ve hungered and worked, and I’ve made a
living for myself and my child as best I could. I’m not like you: I’ve
done nothing to disgrace myself. Now I will slave no more. You won’t
run away from me this time. Leave me for a single night, and I go to the
nearest police-station and tell all I know about you. If I wasn’t a fool
I’d do it now. But I’ve hungered and worked for seven years, and now
it’s time _my husband_ did something for me.’

‘You always had a head for argument, Clara,’ he replied coolly. ‘But
I can’t get over that dream of mine. Really a queer thing, wasn’t it?
Who’d have thought of you turning barmaid? With your education, I should
have thought you could have done something in the teaching line. Never
mind. The queerest thing of all is that I’m really half glad to see you.
How’s Jack?’

The extraordinary conversation went on as they walked towards the street
where Clara lived. It was in a poor part of Westminster. Reaching the
house, Clara opened the door with a latchkey.

Two women were standing in the passage.

‘This is my husband, Mrs. Rook,’ Clara said to one of them. ‘He’s just
got back from abroad.’

‘Glad to see you, Mr. Williamson,’ said the landlady, scrutinising him
with unmistakable suspicion.

The pair ascended the stairs, and Mrs. Williamson--she had always used
the name she received in marriage--opened a door which disclosed a dark
bedroom. A voice came from within--the voice of a little lad of eight
years old.

‘That you, mother? Why, I’ve only just put myself to bed. What time is

‘Then you ought to have gone to bed long ago,’ replied his mother whilst
she was striking a light.

It was a very small room, but decent. The boy was discovered sitting up
in bed--a bright-faced little fellow with black hair. Clara closed the
door, then turned and looked at her husband. The light made a glistening
appearance on her eyes; she had become silent, allowing facts to speak
for themselves.

The child stared at the stranger in astonishment.

‘Who are you?’ he asked at length.

Rodman laughed as heartily as if there had been nothing disagreeable in
the situation.

‘I have the honour to be your father, sir,’ he replied. ‘You’re a fine
boy, Jack--a deuced fine boy.’

The child was speechless. Rodman turned to the mother. Her hands held
the rail at the foot of the bed, and as the boy looked up at her for
explanation she let her face fall upon them and sobbed.

‘If you’re father come back,’ exclaimed Jack indignantly, ‘why do you
make mother cry?’

Rodman was still mirthful.

‘I like you, Jack,’ he said. ‘You’ll make a man some day. Do you mind if
I smoke a cigar, Clara?’

To his astonishment, he felt a weakness which had to be resisted;
tobacco suggested itself as a resource. When he had struck a light,
his wife forced back her tears and seated herself with an unforgiving

Rodman began to chat pleasantly as he smoked.

Decidedly it was a _contretemps_. It introduced a number of difficulties
into his life. If he remained away for a night, he had little doubt that
his wife would denounce him; she knew of several little matters which
he on the whole preferred to be reticent about. She was not a woman like
Alice, to be turned round his finger. It behoved him to be exceedingly

He had three personalities. As Mr. Willis Rodman his task was
comparatively a light one, at all events for the present. He merely
informed Alice by letter that he was kept in town by business and would
see her in the course of a week. It was very convenient that Alice
had no intercourse with her relatives. Secondly, as Mr. Williamson his
position was somewhat more difficult. Not only had he to present himself
every night at the rooms he had taken in Brixton, but it was necessary
to take precautions lest his abode should be discovered by those who
might make awkward use of the knowledge. He had, moreover, to keep Clara
in the dark as to his real occupations and prevent her from knowing
his resorts in town. Lastly, as Mr. Robert Delancey he had to deal with
matters of a very delicate nature indeed, in themselves quite enough to
occupy a man’s mental energy. But our friend was no ordinary man. If you
are not as yet satisfied of that, it will ere long be made abundantly
clear to you.

His spirits were as high as ever. When he said--with an ingenious
brutality all his own--that he was more than half glad to see his wife,
he, for a wonder, told the truth. But perhaps it was little Jack
who gave him most pleasure, and did most to reconcile him to the
difficulties of his situation. In a day or two be conquered the child’s
affections so completely that Jack seemed to care little for his mother
in comparison; Jack could not know the hardships she had endured for
his sake. Rodman--so we will continue to call him for convenience’
sake--already began to talk of what he would make the lad, who certainly
gave promise of parts. The result of this was that for a week or two our
friend became an exemplary family man. His wife almost dared to believe
that her miseries were over. Yet she watched him with lynx eyes.

The ‘Irish Dairy Company’ flourished. Rodman rubbed his hands with a
sinister satisfaction when he inscribed among the shareholders the name
of Richard Mutimer, who invested all the money he had collected from the
East-Enders, and three hundred pounds of his own--not five hundred,
as he had at first thought of doing. Mutimer had the consent of his
committee, whom he persuaded without much difficulty--the money was
not theirs--that by this means he would increase his capital beyond all
expectation. He told Adela what he had done.

‘There’s not the least risk. They’ve got the names of several lords! And
it isn’t a mere commercial undertaking: the first object is to benefit
the Irish; so that there can be nothing against my principles in it.
They promise a dividend of thirty per cent. What a glorious day it will
be when I tell the people what I have made of their money! Now confess
that it isn’t everyone could have hit on this idea.’

Of course he made no public announcement of his speculation: that would
have been to spoil the surprise. But he could not refrain from talking
a good deal about the Company to his friends. He explained with zeal
the merit of the scheme; it was dealing directly with the producers, the
poor small-farmers who could never get fair treatment. He saw a great
deal of Mr. Hilary, who was vastly interested in his East-End work. A
severe winter had begun. Threepenny bits came in now but slowly, and
Mutimer exerted himself earnestly to relieve the growing want in what
he called his ‘parishes.’ He began in truth to do some really good work,
moving heaven and earth to find employment for those long out of it, and
even bestowing money of his own. At night he would return to Holloway
worn out, and distress Adela with descriptions of the misery he had

‘I’m not sorry for it,’ he once exclaimed. ‘I cannot be sorry. Let
things get worse and worse the mending’ll be all the nearer. Why don’t
they march in a body to the West End? I don’t mean march in a violent
sense, though that’ll have to come, I expect. But why don’t they make a
huge procession and go about the streets in an orderly way--just to let
it be seen what their numbers are--just to give the West End a hint?
I’ll propose that one of these days. It’ll be a risky business, but we
can’t think of that when thousands are half starving. I could lead them,
I feel sure I could! It wants someone with authority over them, and I
think I’ve got that. There’s no telling what I may do yet. I say, Adela,
bow would it sound--“Richard Mutimer, First President of the English

And in the meantime Alice sat in her house at Wimbledon, abandoned.
The solitude seemed to be driving her mad. Rodman came down very
occasionally for a few hours in the daytime, but never passed a night
with her. He told her he had a great affair on hand, a very great
affair, which was to make their fortunes ten times over. She must be
patient; women couldn’t understand business. If she resisted his coaxing
and grumbled, he always had his threat ready. He would realise his
profits and make off, leaving her in the lurch. Weeks became months.
In pique at the betrayal of her famous stratagem, Alice had wanted to
dismiss her servant, but Rodman objected to this. She was driven by
desperation to swallow her pride and make a companion of the girl. But
she did not complain to her of her husband--partly out of self-respect,
partly because she was afraid to. Indeed it was a terrible time for the
poor Princess. She spent the greater part of every day in a state of
apathy; for the rest she wept. Many a time she was on the point of
writing to Richard, but could not quite bring herself to that. She could
not leave the house, for it rained or snowed day after day; the sun
seemed to have deserted the heavens as completely as joy her life. She
grew feeble-minded, tried to amuse herself with childish games, played
‘Beggar My Neighbour’ with the servant for hours at night. She had fits
of hysteria, and terrified her sole companion with senseless laughter,
or with alarming screams. Reading she was no longer story. And her
glass--as well as her husband--told her that equal to; after a few pages
she lost her understanding of a she suffered daily in her appearance.
Her hair was falling; she one day told the servant that she would soon
have to buy a wig. Poor Alice! And she had not even the resource of
railing against the social state. What a pity she had never studied that

So the time went on till February of the new year. Alice’s release was
at hand.


‘Arry Mutimer, not long after he left his mother’s house for good,
by chance met Rodman in the City. Presuming on old acquaintance, he
accosted the man of business with some familiarity; it was a chance of
getting much-needed assistance once more. But Rodman was not disposed
to renew the association He looked into ‘Arry’s face with a blank stare,
asked contemptuously, ‘Who are you?’ and pursued his walk.

‘Arry hoped that he might some day have a chance of being even with Mr.

As indeed he had. One evening towards the end of February, ‘Arry was
loafing about Brixton. He knew a certain licensed victualler in those
parts, a man who had ere now given him casual employment, and after a
day of fasting he trudged southwards to see if his friend would not at
all events be good for a glass of beer and a hunch of bread and cheese.
Perhaps he might also supply the coppers to pay for a bed in the New
Cut. To his great disappointment, the worthy victualler was away from
home; the victualler’s wife had no charitable tendencies. ‘Arry whined
to her, but only got for an answer that times was as ‘ard with her as
with anyone else. The representative of unemployed labour went his way
despondently, hands thrust deep in pockets, head slouching forwards,
shoulders high up against the night blast.

He was passing a chemist’s shop, when a customer came out He recognised
Rodman. After a moment’s uncertainty he made up his mind to follow him,
wondering how Rodman came to be in this part of London. Keeping at a
cautious distance, he saw him stop at a small house and enter it by aid
of a latchkey.

‘Why, he lives there!’ ‘Arry exclaimed to himself. ‘What’s the meanin’
o’ this go?’

Rodman, after all, had seriously come down in the world, then. It
occurred to ‘Arry that he might do worse than pay his sister a visit;
Alice could not be hard-hearted enough to refuse him a few coppers. But
the call must be made at an hour when Rodman was away. Presumably that
would be some time after eight in the morning.

Our unconventional friend walked many miles that night. It was one way
of keeping warm, and there was always a possibility of aid from one or
other of the acquaintances whom he sought. The net result of the night’s
campaign was half-a-pint of ‘four-half.’ The front of a draper’s shop in
Kennington tempted him sorely; he passed it many times, eyeing the
rolls of calico and flannel exposed just outside the doorway. But either
courage failed him or there was no really good opportunity. Midnight
found him still without means of retiring to that familiar lodging in
the New Cut. At half-past twelve sleet began to fall. He discovered a
very dark corner of a very dark slum, curled himself against the wall,
and slept for a few hours in defiance of wind and weather.

‘Arry was used to this kind of thing. On the whole he deemed it
preferable to the life he would have led at his mother’s.

By eight o’clock next morning he was back in Brixton, standing just
where he could see the house which Rodman had entered, without himself
attracting attention. Every rag on his back was soaked; he had not
eaten a mouthful for thirty hours. After such a run of bad luck perhaps
something was about to turn up.

But it was ten o’clock before Rodman left home. ‘Arry had no feeling
left in any particle of his body. Still here at length was the
opportunity of seeing Alice. He waited till Rodman was out of sight,
then went to the door and knocked.

It was Clara who opened the door. Seeing ‘Arry, she took him for a
beggar, shook her head, and was closing the door against him, when she

‘Is Mrs. Rodman in, mum?’


‘Mrs. Rodman.’

Clara’s eyes flashed as they searched his face.

‘What do you want with Mrs. Rodman?’

‘Want to see her, mum.’

‘Do you know her when you see her?’

‘Sh’ think I do,’ replied ‘Arry with a grin. But he thought it prudent
to refrain from explanation.

‘How do you know she lives here?’

‘’Cause I just see her ‘usband go out.’

Clara hesitated a moment, then bade him enter. She introduced him to a
parlour on the ground floor. He stood looking uneasily about him. The
habits of his life made him at all times suspicious.

‘Mrs. Rodman doesn’t live here,’ Clara began, lowering her voice and
making a great effort to steady it.

‘Oh, she don’t?’ replied ‘Arry, beginning to discern that something was

‘Can you tell me what you want with her?’

He looked her in the eyes and again grinned.

‘Dare say I could if it was made worth my while.’

She took a purse from her pocket and laid half-a-crown on the table. Her
hand shook.

‘I can’t afford more than that. You shall have it if you tell me the

‘Arry took counsel with himself for an instant. Probably there was no
more to be got, and he saw from the woman’s agitation that he had come
upon some mystery. The chance of injuring Rodman was more to him than
several half-crowns.

‘I won’t ask more,’ he said, ‘if you’ll tell me who _you_ are. That’s
fair on both sides, eh?’

‘My name is Mrs. Williamson.’

‘Oh? And might it ‘appen that Mr. Rodman calls himself Mr. Williamson
when it suits him?’

‘I don’t know what you mean,’ she replied hurriedly. ‘Tell me who it is
you call Mrs. Rodman.’

‘I don’t _call_ her so. That’s her married name. She’s my sister.’

The door opened. Both turned their heads and saw Rodman. He had come
back for a letter he had forgotten to take with him to post At a glance
he saw everything, including the half-crown on the table, which ‘Arry
instantly seized. He walked forward, throwing a murderous look at Clara
as he passed her. Then he said to ‘Arry, in a perfectly calm voice--

‘There’s the door.’

‘I see there is,’ the other replied, grinning. ‘Good-mornin’, Mr. Rodman

Husband and wife faced each other as soon as the front door slammed.
Clara was a tigress; she could not be terrified as Alice might have been
by scowls and savage threats. Rodman knew it, and knew, moreover, that
his position was more perilous than any he had been in for a long time.

‘What do you know?’ he asked quietly.

‘Enough to send you to prison, Mr. Rodman. You can’t do _quite_ what you
like! If there’s law in this country I’ll see you punished!’

He let her rave for a minute or two, and by that time had laid his

‘Will you let me speak? Now I give you a choice. Either you can do as
you say, or you can be out of this country, with me and Jack, before
to-morrow morning. In a couple of hours I can get more money than
you ever set eyes on; I’ll be back here with it’--he looked at his
watch--‘by one o’clock. No, that wouldn’t be safe either--that fellow
might send someone here by then. I’ll meet you on Westminster Bridge,
the north end, at one. Now you’ve a minute to choose; he may have gone
straight away to the police station. Punish me if you like--I don’t care
a curse. But it seems to me the other thing’s got more common sense
in it I haven’t seen that woman for a month, and never care to see her
again. I don’t care over much for you either; but I do care for Jack,
and for his sake I’ll take you with me, and do my best for you. It’s
no good looking at me like a wild beast You’ve sense enough to make a

She clasped her hands together and moaned, so dreadful was the struggle
in her between passions and temptations and fears. The mother’s heart
bade her trust him; yet _could_ she trust him to go and return?

‘You have the cunning of a devil,’ she groaned, ‘and as little heart!
Let you go, when you only want the chance of deserting me again!’

‘You’ll have to be quick,’ he replied, holding his watch in his hand,
and smiling at the compliment in spite of his very real anxiety. ‘There
may be no choice in a minute or two.’

‘I’ll go with you now; I’ll follow you where you go to get the money!’

‘No, you won’t. Either you trust me or you refuse. You’ve a free choice,
Clara. I tell you plainly I want little Jack, and I’m not going to lose
him if I can help it.’

‘Have you any other children?’

‘No--never had.’

At least he had not been deceiving her in the matter of Jack. She knew
that he had constantly come home at early hours only for the sake of
playing with the boy.

‘I’ll go with you. No one shall see that I’m following you.’

‘It’s impossible. I shall have to go post haste in a cab. I’ve
half-a-dozen places to go to. Meet me on Westminster Bridge at one. I
may be a few minutes later, but certainly not more than half-an-hour.’

He went to the window and looked uneasily up and down the street. Clara
pressed her hands upon her head and stared at him like one distracted.

‘Where is she?’ came from her involuntarily.

‘Don’t be a fool, woman!’ he replied, walking to the door. She sprang
to hold him. Instead of repulsing her, he folded his arm about her waist
and kissed her lips two or three times.

‘I can get thousands of pounds,’ he whispered. ‘We’ll be off before they
have a trace. It’s for Jack’s sake, and I’ll be kind to you as well, old

She had suffered him to go; the kisses made her powerless, reminding her
of a long-past dream. A moment after she rushed to the house door, but
only to see him turning the corner of the street Then she flew to the
bedroom. Jack was ill of a cold--she was nursing him in bed. But now
she dressed him hurriedly, as if there were scarcely time to get to
Westminster by the appointed hour. All was ready before eleven o’clock,
but it was now raining, and she durst not wait with the child in
the open air for longer than was necessary. But all at once the fear
possessed her lest the police might come to the house and she be
detained. Ignorant of the law, and convinced from her husband’s words
that the stranger in rags had some sinister aim, she no sooner conceived
the dread than she bundled into a hand-bag such few articles as it
would hold and led the child hastily from the house. They walked to a
tramway-line and had soon reached Westminster Bridge. But it was not
half-past eleven, and the rain descended heavily. She sought a small
eating-house not far from the Abbey, and by paying for some coffee and
bread-and-butter, which neither she nor Jack could touch, obtained leave
to sit in shelter till one o’clock.

At five minutes to the hour she rose and hurried to the north end of the
bridge, and stood there, aside from the traffic, shielding little Jack
as much as she could with her umbrella, careless that her own clothing
was getting wet through. Big Ben boomed its one stroke. Minute after
minute passed, and her body seemed still to quiver from the sound. She
was at once feverishly hot and so deadly chill that her teeth clattered
together; her eyes throbbed with the intensity of their gaze into the
distance. The quarter-past was chimed. Jack kept talking to her, but she
could hear nothing. The rain drenched her; the wind was so high that
she with difficulty held the umbrella above the child. Half-past, and no
sign of her husband....

She durst not go away from this spot Her eyes were blind with tears.
A policeman spoke to her; she could only chatter meaningless sounds
between her palsied lips. Jack coughed incessantly, begged to be taken
home. ‘I’m so cold, mother, so cold!’ ‘Only a few minutes more,’ she
said. He began to cry, though a brave little soul....

Four o’clock struck.

From Brixton our unconventional friend betook himself straight to
Holloway. Having, as he felt sure, the means of making things decidedly
uncomfortable for Mr. Rodman Williamson, it struck him that the eftest
way would be to declare at once to his brother Richard all he knew and
expected; Dick would not be slow in bestirring himself to make Rodman
smart ‘Arry was without false shame; he had no hesitation in facing his
brother. But Mr. Mutimer, he was told, was not at home. Then he would
see Mrs. Mutimer. But the servant was indisposed to admit him, or even
to trouble her mistress. ‘Arry had to request her to say that ‘Mr.
‘Enery Mutimer’ desired to see the lady of the house. He chuckled to see
the astonishment produced by his words. Thus he got admittance to Adela.

She was shocked at the sight of him, could find no words, yet gave him
her hand. He told her he wished to see his brother on very particular
business. But Richard would not be back before eight o’clock in the
evening, and it was impossible to say where he could be found. ‘Arry
would not tell Adela what brought him, only assured her that it had
nothing to do with his own affairs. He would call again in the evening.
Adela felt inhuman in allowing him to go out into the rain, but she
could not risk giving displeasure to her husband by inviting ‘Arry to

He came again at half-past eight. Mutimer had been home nearly an hour
and was expecting him. ‘Arry lost no time in coming to the point.

‘He’s married that other woman, I could see that much. Go and see for
yourself. She give me ‘alf-a-crown to tell all about him. I’m only
afraid he’s got off by this time.’

‘Why didn’t you go and give information to the police at once?’ Mutimer
cried, in exasperation.

‘Arry might have replied that he had a delicacy in waiting upon those
gentlemen. But his brother did not stay for an answer. Rushing from the
room, he equipped himself instantly with hat, coat, and umbrella.

‘Show me the way to that house. Come along, there’s no time to lose.
Adela!’ he called, ‘I have to go out; can’t say when I shall be back.
Don’t sit up if I’m late.’

A hansom bore the brothers southwards as fast as hansom could go.

They found Clara in the house, a haggard, frenzied woman. Already she
had been to the police, but they were not inclined to hurry matters;
she had no satisfactory evidence to give them. To Mutimer, when he had
explained his position, she told everything--of her marriage in London
nine years ago, her going with her husband to America, his desertion of
her. Richard took her at once to the police-station. They would have to
attend at the court next morning to swear an information.

By ten o’clock Mutimer was at Waterloo, taking train for Wimbledon. At
Rodman’s house he found darkness, but a little ringing brought Alice
herself to the door. She thought it was her husband, and, on recognising
Richard, all but dropped with fear; only some ill news could explain his
coming thus. With difficulty he induced her to go into a room out of the
hall. She was in her dressing-gown, her long beautiful hair in disorder,
her pretty face white and distorted.

‘What is it, Dick? what is it, Dick?’ she kept repeating mechanically,
with inarticulate moanings between. She had forgotten her enmity against
her brother and spoke to him as in the old days. He, too, was all

‘Try and keep quiet a little, Alice. I want to talk to you. Yes, it’s
about your husband, my poor girl; but there’s nothing to be frightened
at. He’s gone away, that’s all. I want you to come to London with me.’

She had no more control over herself than a terrified child; her words
and cries were so incoherent that Mutimer feared lest she had lost her
senses. She was, in truth, on the borders of idiocy. It was more than
half-an-hour before, with the servant’s assistance, he could allay her
hysterical anguish. Then she altogether refused to accompany him. If she
did so she would miss her husband; he would not go without coming to see
her. Richard was reminded by the servant that it was too late to go by
train. He decided to remain in the house through the night.

He had not ventured to tell her all the truth, nor did her state
encourage him to do so in the morning. But he then succeeded in
persuading her to come with him; Rodman, he assured her, must already
be out of England, for he had committed a criminal offence and knew that
the police were after him. Alice was got to the station more dead than
alive; they were at home in Holloway by half-past ten. Richard then left
her in Adela’s hands and sped once more to Brixton.

He got home again at two. As he entered Adela came down the stairs to
meet him.

‘How is she?’ he asked anxiously.

‘The same. The doctor was here an hour ago. We must keep her as quiet as
possible. But she can’t rest for a moment.’

She added--

‘Three gentlemen have called to see you. They would leave no name, and,
to tell the truth, were rather rude. They seemed to doubt my word when I
said you were not in.’

At his request she attempted to describe these callers. Mutimer
recognised them as members of his committee.

‘Rude to you? You must have mistaken. What did they come here for? I
shall in any case see them to-night.’

They returned to the subject of Alice’s illness.

‘I’ve half a mind to tell her the truth,’ Mutimer said. ‘Surely she’d
put the blackguard out of her head after that.’

‘No, no; you mustn’t tell her!’ Adela interposed. ‘I am sure it would be
very unwise.’

Alice was growing worse; in an hour or two delirium began to declare
itself. She had resisted all efforts to put her to bed; at most she
would lie on a couch. Whilst Richard and his wife were debating what
should be done, it was announced to them that the three gentlemen had
called again. Mutimer went oft angrily to see them.

He was engaged for half-an-hour. Then Adela heard the visitors depart;
one of them was speaking loudly and with irritation. She waited for a
moment at the head of the stairs, expecting that Mutimer would come out
to her. As he did not, she went into the sitting-room.

Mutimer stood before the fireplace, his eyes on the ground, his face
discoloured with vehement emotion.

‘What has happened?’ she asked.

He looked up and beckoned to her to approach.


Adela bad never seen him so smitten with grave trouble. She knew him in
brutal anger and in surly ill-temper; but his present mood had nothing
of either. He seemed to stagger beneath a blow which had all but crushed
him and left him full of dread. He began to address her in a voice
very unlike his own--thick, uncertain; he used short sentences, often

‘Those men are on the committee. One of them got a letter this
morning--anonymous. It said they were to be on their guard against me.
Said the Company’s a swindle--that I knew it--that I’ve got money out of
the people on false pretences. And Hilary’s gone--gone off--taking all
he could lay hands on. The letter says so--I don’t know. It says I’m
thick with the secretary--a man I never even saw. That he’s a well-known
swindler--Delancey his name is. And these fellows belie