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Title: In The Sixties
Author: Frederic, Harold
Language: English
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By Harold Frederic

New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons


[Illustration: 0007]


In nothing else under the latter-day sun-not even in the mysterious
department of woman’s attire-has Fashion been more variable, or more
eccentric in its variations, than in the matter of prefaces. The eternal
revolution of letters devours its own children so rapidly that for the
hardiest of them ten years count as a generation; each succeeding decade
has whims of its own about prefaces. Now it has been the rule to make
them long and didactic, and now brief and with a twist toward flippancy.
Upon occasion it has been thought desirable to throw upon this
introductory formula the responsibility of explaining everything that
was to follow in the book, and, again, nothing has seemed further from
the proper function of a preface than elucidation of any sort. Sometimes
the prevalent mode has discouraged prefaces altogether--and thus it
happens that the present author, doomed to be doing in England at least
something of what the English do, has never before chanced to write one.
Yet now it seems that in America prefaces are much in vogue-and this is
an American edition.

The apology of the exile ends abruptly, however, with this confession
that the preface is strange ground. The four volumes under comment were
all, it is true, written in England, but they do not belong to the Old
World in any other sense.

In three of them the very existence of Europe is scarcely so much as
hinted at. The fourth concerns itself, indeed, with events in which
Europeans took an active part; but what they were doing, on the one side
and on the other, was in its results very strictly American.

The idea which finally found shape and substance in this last-named
book, “In the Valley,” seems now in retrospect to have been always in
my mind. All four of my great-grandfathers had borne arms in the
Revolutionary War, and one of them indeed somewhat indefinitely expanded
this record by fighting on both sides. My earliest recollections are of
tales told by my grandmother about local heroes of this conflict, who
were but middle-aged people when she was a child. She herself had come
into curious relation with one of the terrible realities of that period.
At the age of six it was her task to beat linen upon the stones of a
brook running through the Valley farm upon which she was reared, and the
deep-hole close beside where she worked was the spot in which the owner
of the farm had lain hidden in the alders, immersed to his chin, for two
days and nights while Brant’s Indians were looking for him. Thus, by a
single remove, I came myself into contact with the men who held Tryon
County against the King, and my boyish head was full of them. Before
I left school, at the age of twelve, I had composed several short but
lurid introductions to a narrative which should have for its central
feature the battle of Oriskany; for the writing of one of these, indeed,
or rather for my contumacy in refusing to give up my manuscript to the
teacher when my crime was detected, I was expelled from the school.

The plan of the book itself dated from 1877, the early months of which I
busied myself greatly in inciting my fellow-citizens to form what is now
the Oneida Historical Society, and to prepare for a befitting
celebration of the coming hundredth anniversary of Oriskany. The
circumstance that I had not two dollars to spare prevented my becoming a
member of the Society, but in no way affected the marked success of the
celebration it organized and superintended. It was at this time that I
gathered the first materials for my projected work, from members of the
Fonda and other families. Eight years later I was in the position of
having made at least as many attempts to begin this book, which I had
never ceased to desire to write, and for which I had steadily collected
books and other data; one of these essays ran to more than twenty
thousand words, and several others were half that length, but they were
all failures.

In 1885, after I had been a year in London, the fact that a journalist
friend of mine got two hundred and fifty dollars from the _Weekly Echo_
for a serial story, based upon his own observations as a youngster in
Ireland, gave me a new idea. He seemed to make his book with extreme
facility, never touching the weekly instalment until the day for sending
it to the printer’s had arrived, and then walking up and down dictating
the new chapters in a very loud voice, to drown the racket of his
secretary’s typewriter. This appeared to be a highly simple way of
earning two hundred and fifty dollars, and I went home to start a story
of my own at once. When I had written the opening chapter, I took it to
the editor of the _Weekly Echo_, who happened to be a friend of mine as
well. He read it, suggested the word “comely” instead of some other on
the first page, and said it was too American for any English paper, but
might do well in America. The fading away of the two hundred and fifty
dollars depressed me a good deal, but after a time a helpful reaction
came. I realized that I had consumed nearly ten years in fruitless
mooning over my Revolutionary novel, and was no nearer achievement than
at the outset, simply because I did not know how to make a book of any
kind, let alone a historical book of the kind which should be the most
difficult and exacting of all. This determined me to proceed with the
contemporary story I had begun--if only to learn what it was really like
to cover a whole canvas. The result was “Seth’s Brother’s Wife”--which
still has the _Echo_ man’s suggested “comely” in its opening description
of the barn-yard.

At the time, I thought of this novel almost wholly in the light of
preparation for the bigger task I had to do, and it is still easiest for
me to so regard it. Certainly its completion, and perhaps still more the
praise which was given to it by those who first saw it, gave me a degree
of confidence that I had mastered the art of fiction which I look back
upon now with surprise--and not a little envy. It was in the fine flush
of this confidence that I hastened to take up the real work, the book
I had been dreaming of so long, and, despite the immense amount
of material in the shape of notes, cross-references, dates, maps,
biographical facts, and the like, which I had perforce to drag along
with me, my ardor maintained itself to the finish. “In the Valley” was
written in eight months--and that, too, at a time when I had also a
great deal of newspaper work to do as well.

“The Lawton Girl” suggested itself at the outset as a kind of sequel to
“Seth’s Brother’s Wife,” but here I found myself confronted by agencies
and influences the existence of which I had not previously suspected. In
“Seth’s Brother’s Wife” I had made the characters do just what I wanted
them to do, and the notion that my will was not altogether supreme had
occurred neither to them nor to me. The same had been true of “In the
Valley,” where indeed the people were so necessarily subordinated to the
evolution of the story which they illustrated rather than shaped, that
their personalities always remained shadowy in my own mind. But in
“The Lawton Girl,” to my surprise at first, and then to my interested
delight, the people took matters into their own hands quite from the
start. It seemed only by courtesy that I even presided over their
meetings, and that my sanction was asked for their comings and goings.
As one of many examples, I may cite the interview between Jessica and
Horace in the latter’s office. In my folly, I had prepared for her here
a part of violent and embittered denunciation, full of scornful epithets
and merciless jibes; to my discomfiture, she relented at the first sight
of his gray hair and troubled mien, when I had brought her in, and would
have none of my heroics whatever. Once reconciled to the posture of a
spectator, I grew so interested in the doings of these people that I
lost sight of a time-limit; they wandered along for two years, making
the story in leisurely fashion as they went. At the end I did assert my
authority, and kill Jessica--she who had not deserved or intended at all
to die--but I see now more clearly than any one else that it was a false
and cowardly thing to do.

There remains the volume of collected stories, long and short, dealing
with varying aspects of home life in the North--or rather in my little
part of the North--during the Civil War. These stories are by far closer
to my heart than any other work of mine, partly because they seem to me
to contain the best things I have done or ever shall do, partly
because they are so closely interwoven with the personal memories and
experiences of my own childhood--and a little also, no doubt, for the
reason that they have not had quite the treatment outside that paternal
affection had desired for them. Of all the writers whose books affected
my younger years, I think that MM. Erckmann-Chatrian exerted upon me the
deepest and most vital influence. I know that my ambition to paint some
small pictures of the life of my Valley, under the shadow of the vast
black cloud which was belching fire and death on its southern side, in
humble imitation of their studies of Alsatian life in the days of the
Napoleonic terror, was much more powerful than any impulse directly
inspired by any other writers. By this confession I do not at all wish
to suggest comparisons. The French writers dealt with a period remote
enough to be invested with a haze of romance, and they wrote for a
reading public vehemently interested in everything that could be told
them about that period. These stories of mine lack these aids--and
doubtless much else beside. But they are in large part my own
recollections of the dreadful time--the actual things that a boy from
five to nine saw and heard about him, while his own relatives were being
killed, and his school-fellows orphaned, and women of his neighborhood
forced into mourning and despair--and they had a right to be recorded.

A single word in addition to an already over-long preface. The locality
which furnishes the scenes of the two contemporary novels and all the
War stories may be identified in a general way with Central New York,
but in no case is it possible to connect any specific village or town
with one actually in existence. The political exigencies of “Seth’s
Brother’s Wife” made it necessary to invent a Congressional District,
composed of three counties, to which the names of Adams, Jay, and
Dearborn were given. Afterwards the smaller places naturally took names
reflecting the quaint operation of the accident which sprinkled our
section, as it were, with the contents of a classical pepper-box. Thus
Octavius, Thessaly, Tyre, and the rest came into being, and one tries to
remember and respect the characteristics they have severally developed,
but no exact counterparts exist for them in real life, and no map of the
district has as yet been drawn, even in my own mind.

H. F.

London, February 16, 1897.



It was on the night of my thirteenth birthday, I know, that the old
farm-house was burned over our heads. By that reckoning I must have been
six or seven when I went to live with Farmer Beech, because at the time
he testified I had been with him half my life.

Abner Beech had often been supervisor for his town, and could have
gone to the Assembly, it was said, had he chosen. He was a stalwart,
thick-shouldered, big man, with shaggy dark eyebrows shading stern hazel
eyes, and with a long, straight nose, and a broad, firmly shut mouth.
His expansive upper lip was blue from many years of shaving; all the
rest was bushing beard, mounting high upon the cheeks and rolling
downward in iron-gray billows over his breast. That shaven upper lip,
which still may be found among the farmers of the old blood in our
district, was, I dare say, a survival from the time of the Puritan
protest against the mustaches of the Cavaliers. If Abner Beech, in the
latter days, had been told that this shaving on Wednesday and Saturday
nights was a New England rite, I feel sure he would never have touched
razor again.

He was a well-to-do man in the earlier time--a tremendous worker, a
“good provider,” a citizen of weight and substance in the community. In
all large matters the neighborhood looked to him to take the lead. He
was the first farmer roundabout to set a mowing-machine to work in his
meadows, and to put up lightning-rods on his buildings. At one period
he was, too, the chief pillar in the church, but that was before the
episode of the lightning-rods. Our little Union meeting-house was
supplied in those days by an irregular procession of itinerant
preachers, who came when the spirit moved and spoke with that entire
frankness which is induced by knowledge that the night is to be spent
somewhere else. One of these strolling ministers regarded all attempts
to protect property from lightning as an insolent defiance of the Divine
Will, and said so very pointedly in the pulpit, and the congregation
sat still and listened and grinned. Farmer Beech never forgave them.

There came in good time other causes for ill-feeling. It is beyond the
power of my memory to pick out and arrange in proper sequence the events
which, in the final result, separated Abner Beech from his fellows. My
own recollections go with distinctness back to the reception of the news
that Virginia had hanged John Brown; in a vaguer way they cover the two
or three preceding years. Very likely Farmer Beech had begun to fall out
of touch with his neighbors even before that.

The circumstances of my adoption into his household--an orphan
without relations or other friends--were not of the sort to serve this
narrative. I was taken in to be raised as a farm-hand, and was no more
expected to be grateful than as if I had been a young steer purchased
to toil in the yoke. No suggestion was ever made that I had incurred any
debt of obligation to the Beeches. In a little community where every one
worked as a matter of course till there was no more work to do, and all
shared alike the simple food, the tired, heavy sleep, and the infrequent
spells of recreation, no one talked or thought of benefits conferred or
received. My rights in the house and about the place were neither less
nor more than those of Jeff Beech, the farmer’s only son.

In the course of time I came, indeed, to be a more sympathetic unit in
the household, so to speak, than poor Jeff himself. But that was only
because he had been drawn off after strange gods.

At all times--even when nothing else good was said of him--Abner
Beech was spoken of by the people of the district as a “great hand for
reading.” His pre-eminence in this matter remained unquestioned to the
end. No other farmer for miles owned half the number of books which he
had on the shelves above his writing-desk. Still less was there any
one roundabout who could for a moment stand up with him in a discussion
involving book-learning in general. This at first secured for him the
respect of the whole country-side, and men were proud to be agreed with
by such a scholar. But when affairs changed, this, oddly enough, became
a formidable popular grievance against Abner Beech. They said then that
his opinions were worthless because he got them from printed books,
instead of from his heart.

What these opinions were may in some measure be guessed from the titles
of the farmer’s books. Perhaps there were some thirty of them behind the
glass doors of the old mahogany bookcase. With one or two agricultural
or veterinary exceptions, they related exclusively to American history
and politics. There were, I recall, the first two volumes of Bancroft,
and Lossing’s “Lives of the Signers,” and “Field-Books” of the two
wars with England; Thomas H. Benton’s “Thirty Years’ View;” the four
green-black volumes of Hammond’s “Political History of the State of
New York:” campaign lives of Lewis Cass and Franklin Pierce and larger
biographies of Jefferson and Jackson, and, most imposing of all, a whole
long row of big calf-bound volumes of the Congressional Globe, which
carried the minutiae of politics at Washington back into the forties.

These books constituted the entire literary side of my boyish education.
I have only the faintest and haziest recollections of what happened when
I went during the winter months to the school-house at the Four Corners.
But I can recall the very form of the type in the farmer’s books.
Every one of those quaint, austere, and beardless faces, framed in
high collars and stocks and waving hair--the Marcys, Calhouns, DeWitt
Clintons, and Silas Wrights of the daguerreotype and Sartain’s primitive
graver--gives back to me now the lineaments of an old-time friend.

Whenever I could with decency escape from playing checkers with Jeff,
and had no harness to grease or other indoor jobs, I spent the winter
evenings in poring over some of these books--generally with Abner Beech
at the opposite side of the table immersed in another. On some rare
occasion one of the hired men would take down a volume and look through
it--the farmer watching him covertly the while to see that he did not
wet his big thumbs to turn over the leaves--but for the most part we
two had the books to ourselves. The others would sit about till bedtime,
amusing themselves as best they could, the women-folk knitting or
mending, the men cracking butternuts, or dallying with cider and apples
and fried-cakes, as they talked over the work and gossip of the district
and tempted the scorching impulses of the stovehearth with their
stockinged feet.

This tacit separation of the farmer and myself from the rest of the
household in the course of time begat confidences between us. He grew,
from brief and casual beginnings, into a habit of speaking to me about
the things we read. As it became apparent, year by year, that young
Jeff was never going to read anything at all, Abner Beech more and more
distinguished me with conversational favor. It cannot be said that the
favoritism showed itself in other directions. I had to work as hard
as ever, and got no more play-time than before. The master’s eye was
everywhere as keen, alert, and unsparing as if I had not known even my
alphabet. But when there were breathing spells, we talked together--or
rather he talked and I listened--as if we were folk quite apart from the

Two fixed ideas thus arose in my boyish mind, and dominated all my
little notions of the world. One was that Alexander Hamilton and John
Marshall were among the most infamous characters in history. The other
was that every true American ought to hold himself in daily readiness
to fight with England. I gave a great deal of thought to both these
matters. I had early convictions, too, I remember, with regard to Daniel
Webster, who had been very bad, and then all at once became a very good
man. For some obscure reason I always connected him in my imagination
with Zaccheus up a tree, and clung to the queer association of images
long after I learned that the Marshfield statesman had been physically a
large man.

Gradually the old blood-feud with the Britisher became obscured by
fresher antagonisms, and there sprouted up a crop of new sons of Belial
who deserved to be hated more even than had Hamilton and Marshall.
With me the two stages of indignation glided into one another so
imperceptibly that I can now hardly distinguish between them. What I do
recall is that the farmer came in time to neglect the hereditary enemy,
England, and to seem to have quite forgotten our own historic foes to
liberty, so enraged was he over the modern Abolitionists. He told me
about them as we paced up the seed rows together in the spring, as we
drove homeward on the hay-load in the cool of the summer evening, as we
shovelled out a path for the women to the pumps in the farm-yard through
December snows. It took me a long time to even approximately grasp the
wickedness of these new men, who desired to establish negro sovereignty
in the Republic, and to compel each white girl to marry a black man.

The fact that I had never seen any negro “close to,” and had indeed
only caught passing glimpses of one or more of the colored race on the
streets of our nearest big town, added, no doubt, to the mystified alarm
with which I contemplated these monstrous proposals. When finally an old
darky on his travels did stroll our way, and I beheld him, incredibly
ragged, dirty, and light-hearted, shuffling through “Jump Jim Crow” down
at the Four Corners, for the ribald delectation of the village loafers,
the revelation fairly made me shudder. I marvelled that the others could
laugh, with this unspeakable fate hanging over their silly heads.

At first the Abolitionists were to me a remote and intangible class,
who lived and wrought their evil deeds in distant places--chiefly New
England way. I rarely heard mention of any names of persons among them.
They seemed to be an impersonal mass, like a herd of buffaloes or a
swarm of hornets. The first individuality in their ranks which attracted
my attention, I remember, was that of Theodore Parker. The farmer one
day brought home with him from town a pamphlet composed of anti-slavery
sermons or addresses by this person. In the evening he read it, or as
far into it as his temper would permit, beating the table with his huge
fist from time to time, and snorting with wrathful amazement. At last he
sprang to his feet, marched over to the wood-stove, kicked the door
open with his boot, and thrust the offending print into the blaze. It
is vivid in my memory still--the way the red flame-light flared over his
big burly front, and sparkled on his beard, and made his face to shine
like that of Moses.

But soon I learned that there were Abolitionists
everywhere--Abolitionists right here in our own little farmland township
of northern New York! The impression which this discovery made upon
me was not unlike that produced on Robinson Crusoe by the immortal
footprint. I could think of nothing else. Great events, which really
covered a space of years, came and went as in a bunch together, while
I was still pondering upon this. John Brown was hanged, Lincoln
was elected, Sumter was fired on, the first regiment was raised and
despatched from our rustic end of Dearborn County--and all the time it
seems now as if my mind was concentrated upon the amazing fact that some
of our neighbors were Abolitionists.

There was a certain dreamlike tricksiness of transformation in it all.
At first there was only one Abolitionist, old “Jee” Hagadorn. Then,
somehow, there came to be a number of them--and then, all at once,
lo! everybody was an Abolitionist--that is to say, everybody but Abner
Beech. The more general and enthusiastic the conversion of the others
became, the more resolutely and doggedly he dug his heels into the
ground, and braced his broad shoulders, and pulled in the opposite
direction. The skies darkened, the wind rose, the storm of angry popular
feeling burst swooping over the countryside, but Beech only stiffened
his back and never budged an inch.

At some early stage of this great change, we ceased going to church at
all. The pulpit of our rustic meeting-house had become a platform from
which the farmer found himself denounced with hopeless regularity on
every recurring Sabbath, and that, too, without any chance whatever of
talking back. This in itself was hardly to be borne. But when
others, mere laymen of the church, took up the theme, and began in
class-meetings and the Sunday-school to talk about Antichrist and
the Beast with Ten Horns and Seven Heads, in obvious connection with
Southern sympathizers, it became frankly insufferable. The farmer did
not give in without a fierce resistance. He collected all the texts he
could find in the Bible, such as “Servants, obey your masters,” “Cursed
be Canaan,” and the like, and hurled them vehemently, with strong, deep
voice, and sternly glowing eyes, full at their heads. But the others had
many more texts--we learned afterwards that old “Jee” Hagadorn enjoyed
the unfair advantage of a Cruden’s Concordance--and their tongues were
as forty to one, so we left off going to church altogether.

Not long after this, I should think, came the miserable affair of the

The idea of doing all the dairy work of a neighborhood under a common
roof, which originated not many miles from us, was now nearly ten years
old. In those days it was regarded as having in it possibilities of
vastly greater things than mere cheesemaking. Its success among us had
stirred up in men’s minds big sanguine notions of co-operation as the
answer to all American farm problems--as the gateway through which we
were to march into the rural millennium. These high hopes one recalls
now with a smile and a sigh. Farmers’ wives continued to break down and
die under the strain, or to be drafted off to the lunatic asylums;
the farmers kept on hanging themselves in their barns, or flying off
westward before the locust-like cloud of mortgages; the boys and girls
turned their steps townward in an ever-increasing host. The millennium
never came at all.

But at that time--in the late fifties and early sixties--the
cheese-factory was the centre of an impressive constellation of dreams
and roseate promises. Its managers were the very elect of the district;
their disfavor was more to be dreaded than any condemnation of a
town-meeting; their chief officers were even more important personages
than the supervisor and assessor.

Abner Beech had literally been the founder of our cheese-factory. I
fancy he gave the very land on which it was built, and where you will
see it still, under the willows by the upper-creek bridge. He sent to it
in those days the milk of the biggest herd owned by any farmer for miles
around, reaching at seasons nearly one hundred cows. His voice, too,
outweighed all others in its co-operative councils.

But when our church-going community had reached the conclusion that a
man couldn’t be a Christian and hold such views on the slave question as
Beech held, it was only a very short step to the conviction that such
a man would water his milk. In some parts of the world the theft of a
horse is the most heinous of conceivable crimes; other sections exalt
to this pinnacle of sacredness in property a sheep or a pheasant or a
woman. Among our dairymen the thing of special sanctity was milk. A man
in our neighborhood might almost better be accused of forgery or bigamy
outright, than to fall under the dreadful suspicion of putting water
into his cans.

Whether it was mere stupid prejudice or malignant invention I know
not--who started the story was never to be learned--but of a sudden
everybody seemed to have heard that Abner Beech’s milk had been refused
at the cheese-factory. This was not true, any more than it was true that
there could possibly have been warrant for such a proceeding. But what
did happen was that the cheese-maker took elaborate pains each morning
to test our cans with such primitive appliances as preceded the
lactometer, and sniffed suspiciously as he entered our figures in a
separate book, and behaved generally so that our hired man knocked him
head over heels into one of his whey vats. Then the managers complained
to the farmer. He went down to meet them, boiling over with rage. There
was an evil spirit in the air, and bitter words were exchanged. The
outcome was that Abner Beech renounced the co-operative curds of his
earlier manhood, so to speak, sold part of his cattle at a heavy loss,
and began making butter at home with the milk of the remainder.

Then we became pariahs in good earnest.


The farmer came in from the fields somewhat earlier than usual on this
August afternoon. He walked, I remember, with a heavy step and bowed
head, and, when he had come into the shade on the porch and taken off
his hat, looked about him with a wearied air. The great heat, with
its motionless atmosphere and sultry closeness, had well-nigh wilted
everybody. But one could see that Abner was suffering more than the
rest, and from something beyond the enervation of dog-days.

He sank weightily into the arm-chair by the desk, and stretched out his
legs with a querulous note in his accustomed grunt of relief. On the
moment Mrs. Beech came in from the kitchen, with the big china wash-bowl
filled with cold water, and the towel and clean socks over her arm, and
knelt before her husband. She proceeded to pull off his big, dust-baked
boots and the woollen foot-gear, put his feet into the bowl, bathe and
dry them, and draw on the fresh covering, all without a word.

The ceremony was one I had watched many hundreds of times. Mrs. Beech
was a tall, dark, silent woman, whom I could well believe to have been
handsome in her youth. She belonged to one of the old Mohawk-Dutch
families, and when some of her sisters came to visit at the farm I noted
that they too were all dusky as squaws, with jet-black shiny curls and
eyes like the midnight hawk. I used always to be afraid of them on this
account, but I dare say they were in reality most kindly women. Mrs.
Beech herself, represented to my boyish eyes the ideal of a saturnine
and masterful queen. She performed great quantities of work with
no apparent effort--as if she had merely willed it to be done. Her
household was governed with a cold impassive exactitude; there were
never any hitches, or even high words. The hired girls, of course,
called her “M’rye,” as the rest of us mostly did, but they rarely
carried familiarity further, and as a rule respected her dislike for
much talk. During all the years I spent under her roof I was never clear
in my mind as to whether she liked me or not. Her own son, even, passed
his boyhood in much the same state of dubiety.

But to her husband, Abner Beech, she was always most affectionately
docile and humble. Her snapping black eyes followed him about and
rested on him with an almost canine fidelity of liking. She spoke to
him habitually in a voice quite different from that which others heard
addressed to them. This, indeed, was measurably true of us all. By
instinct the whole household deferred in tone and manner to our big,
bearded chief, as if he were an Arab sheik ruling over us in a tent on
the desert. The word “patriarch” still seems best to describe him, and
his attitude toward us and the world in general, as I recall him sitting
there in the half-darkened living-room, with his wife bending over his
feet in true Oriental submission.

“Do you know where Jeff is?” the farmer suddenly asked, without turning
his head to where I sat braiding a whiplash, but indicating by the
volume of voice that his query was put to me.

“He went off about two o’clock,” I replied, “with his fish-pole. They
say they are biting like everything down in the creek.”

“Well, you keep to work and they won’t bite you,” said Abner Beech. This
was a very old joke with him, and usually the opportunity of using it
once more tended to lighten his mood. Now, though mere force of habit
led him to repeat the pleasantry, he had no pleasure in it. He sat
with his head bent, and his huge hairy hands spread listlessly on the

Mrs. Beech finished her task, and rose, lifting the bowl from the floor.
She paused, and looked wistfully into her husband’s face.

“You ain’t a bit well, Abner!” she said.

“Well as I’m likely ever to be again,” he made answer, gloomily.

“Has any more of’em been sayin’ or doin’ anything?” the wife asked, with
diffident hesitation.

The farmer spoke with more animation. “D’ye suppose I care a picayune
what _they_ say or do?” he demanded. “Not I! But when a man’s own
kith and kin turn agin him, into the bargain--” He left the sentence
unfinished, and shook his head to indicate the impossibility of such a

“Has Jeff--then--” Mrs. Beech began to ask.

“Yes--Jeff!” thundered the farmer, striking his fist on the arm of the
chair. “Yes--by the Eternal!--Jeff!”

When Abner Beech swore by the Eternal we knew that things were pretty
bad. His wife put the bowl down on a chair, and seated herself in
another. “What’s Jeff been doin’?” she asked.

“Why, where d’ye suppose he was last night, ’n’ the night before that?
Where d’ye suppose he is this minute? They ain’t no mistake about it,
Lee Watkins saw ’em with his own eyes, and ta’nted me with it. He’s down
by the red bridge--that’s where he is--hangin’ round that Hagadorn gal!”

Mrs. Beech looked properly aghast at the intelligence. Even to me it
was apparent that the unhappy Jeff might better have been employed in
committing any other crime under the sun. It was only to be expected
that his mother would be horrified.

“I never could abide that Lee Watkins,” was what she said.

The farmer did not comment on the relevancy of this. “Yes,” he went on,
“the daughter of mine enemy, the child of that whining, backbiting
old scoundrel who’s been eating his way into me like a deer-tick for
years--the whelp that I owe every mean and miserable thing that’s ever
happened to me--yes, of all living human creatures, by the Eternal! it’s
_his_ daughter that that blamed fool of a Jeff must take a shine to, and
hang around after!”

“He’ll come of age the fourteenth of next month,” remarked the mother,

“Yes--and march up and vote the Woollyhead ticket. I suppose that’s
what’ll come next!” said the farmer, bitterly. “It only needed that!”

“And it was you who got her the job of teachin’ the school, too,” put in
Mrs. Beech.

“That’s nothing to do with it,” Abner continued. “I ain’t blamin’
her--that is, on her own account. She’s a good enough gal so far’s I
know. But everything and everybody under that tumble-down Hagadorn roof
ought to be pizen to any son of mine! _That’s_ what I say! And I tell
you this, mother”--the farmer rose, and spread his broad chest, towering
over the seated woman as he spoke--“I tell you this; if he ain’t got
pride enough to keep him away from that house--away from that gal--then
he can keep away from _this_ house--away from me!”

The wife looked up at him mutely, then bowed her head in tacit consent.

“He brings it on himself!” Abner cried, with clenched fists, beginning
to pace up and down the room. “Who’s the one man I’ve reason to curse
with my dying breath? Who began the infernal Abolition cackle here? Who
drove me out of the church? Who started that outrageous lie about the
milk at the factory, and chased me out of that, too? Who’s been a layin’
for years behind every stump and every bush, waitin’ for the chance to
stab me in the back, an’ ruin my business, an’ set my neighbors agin me,
an’ land me an’ mine in the poorhouse or the lockup? You know as well as
I do--‘Jee’ Hagadorn! If I’d wrung his scrawny little neck for him
the first time I ever laid eyes on him, it ’d ’a’ been money in my
pocket and years added onto my life. And then my son--my son! must go
taggin’ around--oh-h!”

He ended with an inarticulate growl of impatience and wrath.

“Mebbe, if you spoke to the boy--” Mrs. Beech began.

“Yes, I’ll speak to him!” the farmer burst forth, with grim emphasis.
“I’ll speak to him so’t he’ll hear!” He turned abruptly to me. “Here,
boy,” he said, “you go down the creek-road an’ look for Jeff. If he
ain’t loafin’ round the school-house he’ll be in the neighborhood of
Hagadorn’s. You tell him I say for him to get back here as quick as he
can. You needn’t tell him what it’s about. Pick up your feet, now!”

As luck would have it, I had scarcely got out to the road before I heard
the loose-spoked wheels of the local butcher’s wagon rattling behind me
down the hill. Looking round, I saw through the accompanying puffs of
dust that young “Ni” Hagadorn was driving, and that he was alone. I
stopped and waited for him to come up, questioning my mind whether it
would be fair to beg a lift from him, when the purpose of my journey was
so hostile to his family. Even after he had halted, and I had climbed up
to the seat beside him, this consciousness of treachery disturbed me.

But no one thought long of being serious with “Ni.” He was along in
the teens somewhere, not large for his years but extremely wiry and
muscular, and the funniest boy any of us ever knew of. How the son of
such a sad-faced, gloomy, old licensed exhorter as “Jee” Hagadorn could
be such a running spring of jokes and odd sayings and general deviltry
as “Ni,” passed all our understandings. His very face made you laugh,
with its wilderness of freckles, its snub nose, and the comical curl to
its mouth. He must have been a profitable investment to the butcher who
hired him to drive about the country. The farmers’ wives all came out
to laugh and chat with him, and under the influence of his good spirits
they went on buying the toughest steaks and bull-beef flanks, at more
than city prices, year after year. But anybody who thought “Ni” was soft
because he was full of fun made a great mistake.

“I see you ain’t doin’ much ditchin’ this year,” “Ni” remarked, glancing
over our fields as he started up the horse. “I should think you’d be
tickled to death.”

Well, in one sense I was glad. There used to be no other such
back-aching work in all the year as that picking up of stones to fill
into the trenches which the hired men began digging as soon as the
hay and grain were in. But, on the other hand, I knew that the present
idleness meant--as everything else now seemed to mean--that the Beech
farm was going to the dogs.

“No,” I made rueful answer. “Our land don’t need drainin’ any more. It’s
dry as a powder-horn now.”

“Ni” clucked knowingly at the old horse. “Guess it’s Abner that can’t
stand much more drainin’,” he said. “They say he’s looking all round for
a mortgage, and can’t raise one.”

“No such thing!” I replied. “His health’s poorly this summer, that’s
all. And Jeff--he don’t seem to take hold, somehow, like he used to.”

My companion laughed outright. “Mustn’t call him Jeff any more,” he
remarked with a grin. “He was telling us down at the house that he was
going to have people call him Tom after this. He can’t stand answerin’
to the same name as Jeff Davis,” he says.

“I suppose you folks put him up to that,” I made bold to comment,

The suggestion did not annoy “Ni.” “Mebbe so,” he said. “You know Dad
lots a good deal on names. He’s downright mortified that I don’t get up
and kill people because my name’s Benaiah. ‘Why,’ he keeps on saying to
me, ‘Here you are, Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, as it was in Holy Writ,
and instid of preparin’ to make ready to go out and fall on the enemies
of righteousness, like your namesake did, all you do is read dime novels
and cut up monkey-shines generally, for all the world as if you’d been
named Pete or Steve or William Henry.’ That’s what he gives me pretty
nearly every day.”

I was familiar enough with the quaint mysticism which the old
Abolitionist cooper wove around the Scriptural names of himself and his
son. We understood that these two appellations had alternated among his
ancestors as well, and I had often heard him read from Samuel and Kings
and Chronicles about them, his stiff red hair standing upright, and the
blue veins swelling on his narrow temples with proud excitement. But
that, of course, was in the old days, before the trouble came, and when
I still went to church. To hear it all now again seemed to give me a
novel impression of wild fanaticism in “Jee” Hagadorn.

His son was chuckling on his seat over something he had just remembered.
“Last time,” he began, gurgling with laughter--“last time he went for me
because I wasn’t measurin’ up to his idee of what a Benaiah ought to be
like, I up an’ said to him, ‘Look a-here now, people who live in glass
houses mustn’t heave rocks. If I’m Benaiah, you’re Jehoiada. Well, it
says in the Bible that Jehoiada made a covenant. Do you make cove-nants?
Not a bit of it! all you make is butter firkins, with now an’ then an
odd pork barrel.’”

“What did he say to that?” I asked, as my companion’s merriment abated.

“Well, I come away just then; I seemed to have business outside,”
 replied “Ni,” still grinning.

We had reached the Corners now, and my companion obligingly drew up to
let me get down. He called out some merry quip or other as he drove off,
framed in a haze of golden dust against the sinking sun, and I stood
looking after him with the pleasantest thoughts my mind had known for
days. It was almost a shock to remember that he was one of the abhorrent
and hated Hagadorns.

And his sister, too. It was not at all easy to keep one’s loathing up to
the proper pitch where so nice a girl as Esther Hagadorn was its object.

She was years and years my senior--she was even older than “Ni”--and
had been my teacher for the past two winters. She had never spoken to me
save across that yawning gulf which separates little barefooted urchins
from tall young women, with long dresses and their hair done up in a
net, and I could hardly be said to know her at all. Yet now, perversely
enough, I could think of nothing but her manifest superiority to all the
farm-girls round about. She had been to a school in some remote city,
where she had relations. Her hands were fabulously white, and even
on the hottest of days her dresses rustled pleasantly with starched
primness. People talked about her singing at church as something
remarkable; to my mind, the real music was when she just spoke to you,
even if it was no more than “Good-morning, Jimmy!”

I clambered up on the window-sill of the school-house, to make sure
there was no one inside, and then set off down the creek-road toward the
red or lower bridge. Milking-time was about over, and one or two teams
passed me on the way to the cheese-factory, the handles of the cans
rattling as they went, and the low sun throwing huge shadows of drivers
and horses sprawling eastward over the stubble-field. I cut across lots
to avoid the cheese-factory itself, with some vague feeling that it was
not a fitting spectacle for any one who lived on the Beech farm.

A few moments brought me to the bank of the wandering stream below the
factory, but so near that I could hear the creaking of the chain drawing
up the cans over the tackle, or as we called it, the “teekle;” The
willows under which I walked stretched without a break from the clump by
the factory bridge. And now, lo and behold! beneath still other of these
willows, farther down the stream, whom should I see strolling together
but my schoolteacher and the delinquent Jeff!

Young Beech bore still the fish-pole I had seen him take from our shed
some hours earlier, but the line twisted round it was very white and
dry. He was extremely close to the girl, and kept his head bent down
over her as they sauntered along the meadow-path. They seemed not to be
talking, but just idly drifting forward like the deep slow water
beside them. I had never realized before how tall Jeff was. Though the
school-ma’am always seemed to me of an exceeding stature, here was Jeff
rounding his shoulders and inclining his neck in order to look under her
broad-brimmed Leghorn hat.

There could be no imaginable excuse for my not overtaking them. Instinct
prompted me to start up a whistling tune as I advanced--a casual
and indolently unobtrusive tune--at sound of which Jeff straightened
himself, and gave his companion a little more room on the path. In a
moment or two he stopped, and looked intently over the bank into the
water, as if he hoped it might turn out to be a likely place for fish.
And the school-ma’am, too, after a few aimless steps, halted to help him

“Abner wants you to come right straight home!” was the form in which my
message delivered itself when I had come close up to them.

They both shifted their gaze from the sluggish stream below to me upon
the instant. Then Esther Hagadorn looked away, but Jeff--good, big,
honest Jeff, who had been like a fond elder brother to me since I could
remember--knitted his brows and regarded me with something like a scowl.

“Did pa send you to say that?” he demanded, holding my eye with a glance
of such stern inquiry that I could only nod my head in confusion.

“An’ he knew that you’d find me here, did he?”

“He said either at the school-house or around here somewhere,” I
admitted, weakly. ‘An’ there ain’t nothin’ the matter at the farm?’

“He don’t want me for nothin’ special?” pursued Jeff, still looking me
through and through.

“He didn’t say,” I made hesitating answer, but for the life of me, I
could not keep from throwing a tell-tale look in the direction of his
companion in the blue gingham dress.

A wink could not have told Jeff more. He gave a little bitter laugh, and
stared above my head at the willow-plumes fora minute’s meditation. Then
he tossed his fish-pole over to me and laughed again.

“Keep that for yourself, if you want it,” he said, in a voice not quite
his own, but robustly enough. “I sha’n’t need it any more. Tell pa I
ain’t a-comin’!”

“Oh, Tom!” Esther broke in, anxiously, “would you do that?”

He held up his hand with a quiet, masterful gesture, as if she were the
pupil and he the teacher. “Tell him,” he went on, the tone falling now
strong and true, “tell him and ma that I’m goin’ to Tecumseh to-night to
enlist. If they’re willin’ to say good-by, they can let me know there,
and I’ll manage to slip back for the day. If they ain’t willin’--why,
they--they needn’t send word; that’s all.”

Esther had come up to him, and held his arm now in hers.

“You’re wrong to leave them like that!” she pleaded, earnestly, but Jeff
shook his head.

“You don’t know him!” was all he said.

In another minute I had shaken hands with Jeff, and had started on my
homeward way, with his parting “Good-by, youngster!” benumbing my ears.
When, after a while, I turned to look back, they were still standing
where I had left them, gazing over the bank into the water.

Then, as I trudged onward once more, I began to quake at the thought of
how Farmer Beech would take the news.


Once, in the duck-season, as I lay hidden among the marsh-reeds with
an older boy, a crow passed over us, flying low. Looking up at him, I
realized for the first time how beautiful a creature was this common
black thief of ours--how splendid his strength and the sheen of his
coat, how proudly graceful the sweep and curves of his great slow
wings. The boy beside me fired, and in a flash what I had been admiring
changed--even as it stopped headlong in mid-air--into a hideous thing,
an evil confusion of jumbled feathers. The awful swiftness of that
transition from beauty and power to hateful carrion haunted me for a
long time.

I half expected that Abner Beech would crumple up in some such
distressing way, all of a sudden, when I told him that his son Jeff was
in open rebellion, and intended to go off and enlist. It was incredible
to the senses that any member of the household should set at defiance
the patriarchal will of its head. But that the offence should come from
placid, slow-witted, good-natured Jeff, and that it should involve the
appearance of a Beech in a blue uniform--these things staggered the
imagination. It was clear that something prodigious must happen.

As it turned out, nothing happened at all. The farmer and his wife
sat out on the veranda, as was their wont of a summer evening, rarely
exchanging a word, but getting a restful sort of satisfaction in
together surveying their barns and haystacks and the yellow-brown
stretch of fields beyond.

“Jeff says he’s goin’ to-night to Tecumseh, an’ he’s goin’ to enlist,
an’ if you want him to run over to say good-by you’re to let him know

I leant upon my newly-acquired fish-pole for support, as I unburdened
myself of these sinister tidings. The old pair looked at me in calm-eyed
silence, as if I had related the most trivial of village occurrences.
Neither moved a muscle nor uttered a sound, but just gazed, till it felt
as if their eyes were burning holes into me.

“That’s what he said,” I repeated, after a pause, to mitigate the
embarrassment of that dumb steadfast stare.

The mother it was who spoke at last. “You’d better go round and get your
supper,” she said, quietly.

The table was spread, as usual, in the big, low-ceilinged room which
during the winter was used as a kitchen. What was unusual was to
discover a strange man seated alone in his shirt-sleeves at this table,
eating his supper. As I took my chair, however, I saw that he was not
altogether a stranger. I recognized in him the little old Irishman who
had farmed at Ezra Tracy’s beaver-meadow the previous year on shares,
and done badly, and had since been hiring out for odd jobs at hoeing and
haying. He had lately lost his wife, I recalled now, and lived alone in
a tumble-down old shanty beyond Parker’s saw-mill. He had come to us in
the spring, I remembered, when the brindled calf was born, to beg a pail
of what he called “basteings,” and I speculated in my mind whether
it was this repellent mess that had killed his wife. Above all these
thoughts rose the impression that Abner must have decided to do a
heap of ditching and wall-building, to have hired a new hand in this
otherwise slack season--and at this my back began to ache prophetically.

“How are yeh!” the new-comer remarked, affably, as I sat down and
reached for the bread. “An’ did yeh see the boys march away? An’ had
they a drum wid ’em?”

“What boys?” I asked, in blank ignorance as to what he was at.

“I’m told there’s a baker’s dozen of’em gone, more or less,” he replied.
“Well, glory be to the Lord, ’tis an ill wind blows nobody good. Here
am I aitin’ butter on my bread, an’ cheese on top o’ that.”

I should still have been in the dark, had not one of the hired girls,
Janey Wilcox, come in from the butter-room, to ask me in turn much the
same thing, and to add the explanation that a whole lot of the young men
of the neighborhood had privately arranged among themselves to enlist
together as soon as the harvesting was over, and had this day gone off
in a body. Among them, I learned now, were our two hired men, Warner
Pitts and Ray Watkins. This, then, accounted for the presence of the

As a matter of fact, there had been no secrecy about the thing save with
the contingent which our household furnished, and that was only because
of the fear which Abner Beech inspired. His son and his servants alike
preferred to hook it, rather than explain their patriotic impulses to
him. But naturally enough, our farm-girls took it for granted that all
the others had gone in the same surreptitious fashion, and this threw an
air of fascinating mystery about the whole occurrence. They were deeply
surprised that I should have been down past the Corners, and even beyond
the cheese-factory, and seen nothing of these extraordinary martial
preparations; and I myself was ashamed of it.

Opinions differed, I remember, as to the behavior of our two hired men.
“Till” Babcock and the Underwood girl defended them, but Janey took the
other side, not without various unpleasant personal insinuations, and
the Irishman and I were outspoken in their condemnation. But nobody said
a word about Jeff, though it was plain enough that every one knew.

Dusk fell while we still talked of these astounding events--my thoughts
meantime dividing themselves between efforts to realize these neighbors
of ours as soldiers on the tented field, and uneasy speculation as to
whether I should at last get a bed to myself or be expected to sleep
with the Irishman.

Janey Wilcox had taken the lamp into the living-room. She returned now,
with an uplifted hand and a face covered over with lines of surprise.

“You’re to all of you come in,” she whispered, impressively. “Abner’s
got the Bible down. We’re goin’ to have fam’ly prayers, or somethin’.”

With one accord we looked at the Irishman. The question had never before
arisen on our farm, but we all knew about other cases, in which Catholic
hands held aloof from the household’s devotions. There were even stories
of their refusal to eat meat on some one day of the week, but this
we hardly brought ourselves to credit. Our surprise at the fact that
domestic religious observances were to be resumed under the Beech
roof-tree--where they had completely lapsed ever since the trouble at
the church--was as nothing compared with our curiosity to see what the
new-comer would do.

What he did was to get up and come along with the rest of us, quite as a
matter of course. I felt sure that he could not have understood what was
going on.

We filed into the living-room. The Beeches had come in and shut the
veranda door, and “M’rye” was seated in her rocking-chair, in the
darkness beyond the bookcase. Her husband had the big book open before
him on the table; the lamp-light threw the shadow of his long nose down
into the gray of his beard with a strange effect of fierceness. His lips
were tight-set and his shaggy brows drawn into a commanding frown, as he
bent over the pages.

Abner did not look up till we had taken our seats. Then he raised his
eyes toward the Irishman.

“I don’t know, Hurley,” he said, in a grave, deep-booming voice,
“whether you feel it right for you to join us--we bein’ Protestants--”

“Ah, it’s all right, sir,” replied Hurley, reassuringly, “I’ll take no
harm by it.”

A minute’s silence followed upon this magnanimous declaration. Then
Abner, clearing his throat, began solemnly to read the story of
Absalom’s revolt. He had the knack, not uncommon in those primitive
class-meeting days, of making his strong, low-pitched voice quaver
and wail in the most tear-compelling fashion when he read from the
Old Testament. You could hardly listen to him going through even the
genealogical tables of Chronicles dry-eyed. His Jeremiah and Ezekiel
were equal to the funeral of a well-beloved relation.

This night he read as I had never heard him read before. The whole grim
story of the son’s treason and final misadventure, of the ferocious
battle in the wood of Ephraim, of Joab’s savagery, and of the rival
runners, made the air vibrate about us, and took possession of our minds
and kneaded them like dough, as we sat in the mute circle in the old
living-room. From my chair I could see Hurley without turning my head,
and the spectacle of excitement he presented--bending forward with
dropped jaw and wild, glistening gray eyes, a hand behind his ear to
miss no syllable of this strange new tale--only added to the effect it
produced on me.

Then there came the terrible picture of the King’s despair. I had
trembled as we neared this part, foreseeing what heart-wringing anguish
Abner, in his present mood, would give to that cry of the stricken
father--“O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! Would God I had died
for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!” To my great surprise, he made very
little of it. The words came coldly, almost contemptuously, so that the
listener could not but feel that David’s lamentations were out of place,
and might better have been left unuttered.

But now the farmer, leaping over into the next chapter, brought swart,
stalwart, blood-stained Joab on the scene before us, and in an instant
we saw why the King’s outburst of mourning had fallen so flat upon our
ears. Abner Beech’s voice rose and filled the room with its passionate
fervor as he read out Joab’s speech--wherein the King is roundly told
that his son was a worthless fellow, and was killed not a bit too soon,
and that for the father to thus publicly lament him is to put to shame
all his household and his loyal friends and servants.

While these sonorous words of protest against paternal weakness still
rang in the air, Abner abruptly closed the book with a snap. We looked
at him and at one another for a bewildered moment, and then “Till”
 Babcock stooped as if to kneel by her chair, but Janey nudged her, and
we all rose and made our way silently out again into the kitchen. It
had been apparent enough that no spirit of prayer abode in the farmer’s

“‘Twas a fine bold sinsible man, that Job!” remarked Hurley to me, when
the door was closed behind us, and the women had gone off to talk the
scene over among themselves in the butter-room. “Would it be him that
had thim lean turkeys?”

With some difficulty I made out his meaning.

“Oh, no!” I exclaimed, “the man Abner read about was Jo-ab, not Job.
They were quite different people.”

“I thought as much,” replied the Irishman. “‘Twould not be in so grand a
man’s nature to let his fowls go hungry. And do we be hearing such tales
every night?”

“Maybe Abner ’ll keep on, now he’s started again,” I said. “We ain’t had
any Bible-reading before since he had his row down at the church, and we
left off going.”

Hurley displayed such a lively interest in this matter that I went over
it pretty fully, setting forth Abner’s position and the intolerable
provocations which had been forced upon him. It took him a long time to
grasp the idea that in Protestant gatherings not only the pastor spoke,
but the class-leaders and all others who were conscious of a call might
have their word as well, and that in this way even the lowliest and
meanest of the farmer’s neighbors had been able to affront him in the
church itself.

“Too many cooks spoil the broth,” was his comment upon this. “’Tis far
better to hearken to one man only. If he’s right, you’re right. If he’s
wrong, why, thin, there ye have him in front of ye for protection.”

Bedtime came soon after, and Mrs. Beech appeared in her nightly round of
the house to see that the doors were all fastened. The candle she bore
threw up a flaring yellow light upon her chin, but made the face above
it by contrast still darker and more saturnine. She moved about in erect
impassiveness, trying the bolts and the window-catches, and went away
again, having said never a word. I had planned to ask her if I might
now have a bed to myself, but somehow my courage failed me, so stern and
majestic was her aspect.

I took the desired boon without asking, and dreamed of her as a darkling
and relentless Joab in petticoats, slaying her own son Jeff as he hung
by his hay-colored hair in one of the apple-trees of our orchard.


On all the other farms roundabout, this mid-August was a slack season.
The hired men and boys did a little early fruit-picking, a little
berrying, a little stone-drawing, but for the most part they could be
seen idling about the woods or along the river down below Juno Mills,
with gun or fish-pole. Only upon the one farm whose turn it was that
week to be visited by the itinerant threshing-machine, was any special
activity visible.

It was well known, however, that we were not to get the
threshing-machine at all. How it was managed, I never understood.
Perhaps the other farmers combined in some way to over-awe or persuade
the owners of the machine into refusing it to Abner Beech. More likely
he scented the chance of a refusal and was too proud to put himself in
its way by asking. At all events, we three--Abner, Hurley, and I--had
to manage the threshing ourselves, on the matched wood floor of the
carriage barn. All the fishing I did that year was in the prolific but
unsubstantial waters of dreamland.

I did not work much, it is true, with the flail, but I lived all day
in an atmosphere choked with dust and chaff, my ears deafened with the
ceaseless whack! whack! of the hard-wood clubs, bringing on fresh shocks
of grain, and acting as general helper.

By toiling late and early we got this task out of the way just when the
corn was ready to cut. This great job taxed all the energies of the two
men, the one cutting, the other stacking, as they went. My own share of
the labor was to dig the potatoes and pick the eating-apples--a quite
portentous enough undertaking for a lad of twelve. All this kept me very
much to myself. There was no chance to talk during the day, and at night
I was glad to drag my tired limbs off to bed before the girls had fairly
cleared the supper things away. A weekly newspaper--_The World_--came
regularly to the postoffice at the Corners for us, but we were so
overworked that often it lay there for weeks at a time, and even when
some one went after it, nobody but Abner cared to read it.

So far as I know, no word ever came from Jeff. His name was never
mentioned among us.

It was now past the middle of September. Except for the fall ploughing
on fields that were to be put to grass under the grain in the
spring--which would come much later--the getting in of the root crops,
and the husking, our season’s labors were pretty well behind us. The
women folk had toiled like slaves as well, taking almost all the
chores about the cattle-barns off our shoulders, and carrying on the
butter-making without bothering us. Now that a good many cows were
drying up, it was their turn to take things easy, too. But the girls,
instead of being glad at this, began to borrow unhappiness over the
certainty that there would be no husking-bees on the Beech farm.

One heard no other subject discussed now, as we sat of a night in the
kitchen. Even when we foregathered in the living-room instead, the
Babcock and the Underwood girl talked in ostentatiously low tones of
the hardship of missing such opportunities for getting beaux, and having
fun. They recalled to each other, with tones of longing, this and that
husking-bee of other years--now one held of a moonlight night in the
field itself, where the young men pulled the stacks down and dragged
them to where the girls sat in a ring on big pumpkins, and merriment,
songs, and chorused laughter chased the happy hours along; now of a bee
held in the late wintry weather, where the men went off to the barn by
themselves and husked till they were tired, and then with warning
whoops came back to where the girls were waiting for them in the warm,
hospitable farm-house, and the frolic began, with cider and apples and
pumpkin-pies, and old Lem Hornbeck’s fiddle to lead the dancing.

Alas! they shook their empty heads and mourned, there would be no more
of these delightful times! Nothing definite was ever said as to the
reason for our ostracism from the sports and social enjoyments of the
season. There was no need for that. We all knew too well that it was
Abner Beech’s politics which made us outcasts, but even these two
complaining girls did not venture to say so in his hearing. Their talk,
however, grew at last so persistently querulous that “M’rye” bluntly
told them one night to “shut up about husking-bees,” following them
out into the kitchen for that purpose, and speaking with unaccustomed
acerbity. Thereafter we heard no more of their grumbling, but in a week
or two “Till” Babcock left for her home over on the Dutch Road, and
began circulating the report that we prayed every night for the success
of Jeff Davis.

It was on a day in the latter half of September, perhaps the 20th or
21st--as nearly as I am able to make out from the records now--that
Hurley and I started off with a double team and our big box-wagon, just
after breakfast, on a long day’s journey. We were taking a heavy load of
potatoes into market at Octavius, twelve miles distant; thence we were
to drive out an additional three miles to a cooper-shop and bring back
as many butter-firkins as we could stack up behind us, not to mention a
lot of groceries of which “M’rye” gave me a list.

It was a warm, sweet-aired, hazy autumn day, with a dusky red sun
sauntering idly about in the sky, too indolent to cast more than the
dimmest and most casual suggestion of a shadow for anything or anybody.
The Irishman sat round-backed and contented on the very high seat
overhanging the horses, his elbows on his knees, and a little black pipe
turned upside down in his mouth. He would suck satisfiedly at this
for hours after the fire had gone out, until, my patience exhausted,
I begged him to light it again. He seemed almost never to put any new
tobacco into this pipe, and to this day it remains a twin-mystery to me
why its contents neither burned themselves to nothing nor fell out.

We talked a good deal, in a desultory fashion, as the team plodded their
slow way into Octavius. Hurley told me, in answer to the questions of
a curious boy, many interesting and remarkable things about the old
country, as he always called it, and more particularly about his native
part of it, which was on the sea-shore within sight of Skibbereen. He
professed always to be filled with longing to go back, but at the same
time guarded his tiny personal expenditure with the greatest solicitude,
in order to save money to help one of his relations to get away. Once,
when I taxed him with this inconsistency, he explained that life in
Ireland was the most delicious thing on earth, but you had to get off at
a distance of some thousands of miles to really appreciate it.

Naturally there was considerable talk between us, as well, about Abner
Beech and his troubles. I don’t know where I could have heard it, but
when Hurley first came to us I at once took it for granted that the
fact of his nationality made him a sympathizer with the views of our
household. Perhaps I only jumped at this conclusion from the general
ground that the few Irish who in those days found their way into the
farm-country were held rather at arm’s-length by the community, and must
in the nature of things feel drawn to other outcasts. At all events,
I made no mistake. Hurley could not have well been more vehemently
embittered against abolitionism and the war than Abner was, but he
expressed his feelings with much greater vivacity and fluency of
speech. It was surprising to see how much he knew about the politics
and political institutions of a strange country, and how excited he grew
about them when any one would listen to him. But as he was a small
man, getting on in years, he did not dare air these views down at
the Corners. The result was that he and Abner were driven to
commune together, and mutually inflamed each other’s passionate
prejudices--which was not at all needful.

When at last, shortly before noon, we drove into Octavius, I jumped off
to fill one portion of the grocery errands, leaving Hurley to drive
on with the potatoes. We were to meet at the little village tavern for

He was feeding the horses in the hotel shed when I rejoined him an hour
or so later. I came in, bursting with the importance of the news I had
picked up--scattered, incomplete, and even incoherent news, but of a
most exciting sort. The awful battle of Antietam had happened two or
three days before, and nobody in all Octavius was talking or thinking of
anything else. Both the Dearborn County regiments had been in the thick
of the fight, and I could see from afar, as I stood on the outskirts of
the throng in front of the post-office, some long strips of paper posted
up beside the door, which men said contained a list of our local dead
and wounded. It was hopeless, however, to attempt to get anywhere near
this list, and nobody whom I questioned, knew anything about the names
of those young men who had marched away from our Four Corners. Some one
did call out, though, that the telegraph had broken down, or gone wrong,
and that not half the news had come in as yet. But they were all so
deeply stirred up, so fiercely pushing and hauling to get toward the
door, that I could learn little else.

This was what I began to tell Hurley, with eager volubility, as soon
as I got in under the shed. He went on with his back to me, impassively
measuring out the oats from the bag, and clearing aside the stale hay
in the manger, the impatient horses rubbing at his shoulders with their
noses the while. Then, as I was nearly done, he turned and came out to
me, slapping the fodder-mess off his hands.

He had a big, fresh cut running transversely across his nose and cheek,
and there were stains of blood in the gray stubble of beard on his chin.
I saw too that his clothes looked as if he had been rolled on the dusty
road outside.

“Sure, then, I’m after hearin’ the news myself,” was all he said.

He drew out from beneath the wagon seat a bag of crackers and a hunk of
cheese, and, seating himself on an overturned barrel, began to eat. By
a gesture I was invited to share this meal, and did so, sitting beside
him. Something had happened, apparently, to prevent our having dinner in
the tavern.

I fairly yearned to ask him what this something was, and what was the
matter with his face, but it did not seem quite the right thing to do,
and presently he began mumbling, as much to himself as to me, a long
and broken discourse, from which I picked out that he had mingled with a
group of lusty young farmers in the market-place, asking for the latest
intelligence, and that while they were conversing in a wholly amiable
manner, one of them had suddenly knocked him down and kicked him,
and that thereafter they had pursued him with curses and loud threats
half-way to the tavern. This and much more he proclaimed between
mouthfuls, speaking with great rapidity and in so much more marked a
brogue than usual, that I understood only a fraction of what he said.

He professed entire innocence of offence in the affair, and either could
not or would not tell what it was he had said to invite the blow. I dare
say he did in truth richly provoke the violence he encountered, but at
the time I regarded him as a martyr, and swelled with indignation every
time I looked at his nose.

I remained angry, indeed, long after he himself had altogether recovered
his equanimity and whimsical good spirits. He waited outside on the seat
while I went in to pay for the baiting of the horses, and it was as well
that he did, I fancy, because there were half a dozen brawny farm-hands
and villagers standing about the bar, who were laughing in a stormy way
over the episode of the “Copperhead Paddy” in the market.

We drove away, however, without incident of any sort--sagaciously
turning off the main street before we reached the post-office block,
where the congregated crowd seemed larger than ever. There seemed to be
some fresh tidings, for several scattering outbursts of cheering reached
our ears after we could no longer see the throng; but, so far from
stopping to inquire what it was, Hurley put whip to the horses, and
we rattled smartly along out of the excited village into the tranquil,
scythe-shorn country.

The cooper to whom we now went for our butter-firkins was a long-nosed,
lean, and taciturn man, whom I think of always as with his apron tucked
up at the corner, and his spectacles on his forehead, close under the
edge of his square brown-paper cap. He had had word that we were coming,
and the firkins were ready for us. He helped us load them in dead
silence, and with a gloomy air.

Hurley desired the sound of his own voice. “Well, then, sir,” he said,
as our task neared completion, “’tis worth coming out of our way
these fifteen miles to lay eyes on such fine, grand firkins as these
same--such an elegant shape on ’em, an’ put together with such

“You could get ’em just as good at Hagadorn’s,” said the cooper,
curtly, “within a mile of your place.”

“Huh!” cried Hurley, with contempt, “Haggy-dorn is it? Faith, we’ll not
touch him or his firkins ayether! Why, man, they’re not fit to mention
the same day wid yours. Ah, just look at the darlin’s, will ye, that
nate an’ clane a Christian could ate from ’em!”

The cooper was blarney-proof. “Hagadorn’s are every smitch as good!” he
repeated, ungraciously.

The Irishman looked at him perplexedly, then shook his head as if the
problem were too much for him, and slowly clambered up to the seat.
He had gathered up the lines, and we were ready to start, before any
suitable words came to his tongue.

“Well, then, sir,” he said, “anything to be agreeable. If I hear a man
speaking a good word for your firkins, I’ll dispute him.”

“The firkins are well enough,” growled the cooper at us, “an’ they’re
made to sell, but I ain’t so almighty tickled about takin’ Copperhead
money for ‘em that I want to clap my wings an’ crow over it.”

He turned scornfully on his heel at this, and we drove away. The new
revelation of our friendlessness depressed me, but Hurley did not seem
to mind it at all. After a philosophic comparative remark about the
manners of pigs run wild in a bog, he dismissed the affair from his
thoughts altogether, and hummed cheerful words to melancholy tunes half
the way home, what time he was not talking to the horses or tossing
stray conversational fragments at me.

My own mind soon enough surrendered itself to harrowing speculations
about the battle we had heard of. The war had been going on now, for
over a year, but most of the fighting had been away off in Missouri
and Tennessee, or on the lower Mississippi, and the reports had not
possessed for me any keen direct interest. The idea of men from our
own district--young men whom I had seen, perhaps fooled with, in the
hayfield only ten weeks before--being in an actual storm of shot and
shell, produced a faintness at the pit of my stomach. Both Dearborn
County regiments were in it, the crowd said. Then of course our men must
have been there--our hired men, and the Phillips boys, and Byron Truax,
and his cousin Alonzo, and our Jeff! And if so many others had been
killed, why not they as well?

“Antietam” still has a power to arrest my eyes on the printed page, and
disturb my ears in the hearing, possessed by no other battle name. It
seems now as if the very word itself had a terrible meaning of its
own to me, when I first heard it that September afternoon--as if I
recognized it to be the label of some awful novelty, before I knew
anything else. It had its fascination for Hurley, too, for presently I
heard him crooning to himself, to one of his queer old Irish tunes, some
doggerel lines which he had made up to rhyme with it--three lines with
“cheat ’em,” “beat ’em,” and “Antietam,” and then his pet refrain, “Says
the Shan van Vocht.”

This levity jarred unpleasantly upon the mood into which I had worked
myself, and I turned to speak of it, but the sight of his bruised nose
and cheek restrained me. He had suffered too much for the faith that
was in him to be lightly questioned now. So I returned to my grisly
thoughts, which now all at once resolved themselves into a conviction
that Jeff had been killed outright. My fancy darted to meet this notion,
and straightway pictured for me a fantastic battle-field by moonlight,
such as was depicted in Lossing’s books, with overturned cannon-wheels
and dead horses in the foreground, and in the centre, conspicuous above
all else, the inanimate form of Jeff Beech, with its face coldly radiant
in the moonshine.

“I guess I’ll hop off and walk a spell,” I said, under the sudden
impulse of this distressing visitation.

It was only when I was on the ground, trudging along by the side of the
wagon, that I knew why I had got down. We were within a few rods of the
Corners, where one road turned off to go to the postoffice. “Perhaps
it’d be a good idea for me to find out if they’ve heard anything more--I
mean--anything about Jeff,” I suggested. “I’ll just look in and see, and
then I can cut home cross lots.”

The Irishman nodded and drove on.

I hung behind, at the Corners, till the wagon had begun the ascent of
the hill, and the looming bulk of the firkins made it impossible that
Hurley could see which way I went. Then, without hesitation, I turned
instead down the other road which led to “Jee” Hagadorn’s.


Time was when I had known the Hagadorn house, from the outside at
least, as well as any other in the whole township. But I had avoided
that road so long now, that when I came up to the place it seemed quite
strange to my eyes.

For one thing, the flower garden was much bigger than it had formerly
been. To state it differently, Miss Esther’s marigolds and columbines,
hollyhocks and peonies, had been allowed to usurp a lot of space where
sweet-corn, potatoes, and other table-truck used to be raised. This not
only greatly altered the aspect of the place, but it lowered my idea of
the practical good-sense of its owners.

What was more striking still, was the general air of decrepitude and
decay about the house itself. An eaves-trough had fallen down; half
the cellar door was off its hinges, standing up against the wall; the
chimney was ragged and broken at the top; the clapboards had never been
painted, and now were almost black with weather-stain and dry rot. It
positively appeared to me as if the house was tipping sideways, over
against the little cooper-shop adjoining it--but perhaps that was a
trick of the waning evening light? I said to myself that if we were not
prospering on the Beech farm, at least our foe “Jee” Hagadorn did not
seem to be doing much better himself.

In truth, Hagadorn had always been among the poorest members of our
community, though this by no means involves what people in cities think
of as poverty. He had a little place of nearly two acres, and then
he had his coopering business; with the two he ought to have got on
comfortably enough. But a certain contrariness in his nature seemed to
be continually interfering with this.

This strain of conscientious perversity ran through all we knew of his
life before he came to us, just as it dominated the remainder of his
career. He had been a well-to-do man some ten years before, in a city in
the western part of the State, with a big cooper-shop, and a lot of
men under him, making the barrels for a large brewery. (It was in these
days, I fancy, that Esther took on that urban polish which the younger
Benaiah missed.) Then he got the notion in his head that it was wrong to
make barrels for beer, and threw the whole thing up. He moved into our
neighborhood with only money enough to buy the old Andrews place, and
build a little shop.

It was a good opening for a cooper, and Hagadorn might have flourished
if he had been able to mind his own business. The very first thing he
did was to offend a number of our biggest butter-makers by taxing them
with sinfulness in also raising hops, which went to make beer. For
a long time they would buy no firkins of him. Then, too, he made an
unpleasant impression at church. As has been said, our meeting-house
was a union affair; that is to say, no one denomination being
numerous enough to have an edifice of its own, all the farmers
roundabout--Methodists, Baptists, Presbyterians, and so on--joined in
paying the expenses. The travelling preachers who came to us represented
these great sects, with lots of minute shadings off into Hardshell,
Soft-shell, Freewill, and other subdivided mysteries which I never
understood. Hagadorn had a denomination all to himself, as might have
been expected from the man. What the name of it was I seem never to have
heard; perhaps it had no name at all. People used to say, though, that
he behaved like a Shouting Methodist.

This was another way of saying that he made a nuisance of himself in
church. At prayer-meetings, in the slack seasons of the year, he would
pray so long, and with such tremendous shouting and fury of gestures,
that he had regularly to be asked to stop, so that those who had taken
the trouble to learn and practise new hymns might have a chance to be
heard. And then he would out-sing all the others, not knowing the tune
in the least, and cause added confusion by yelling out shrill “Amens!”
 between the bars. At one time quite a number of the leading people
ceased attending church at all, on account of his conduct.

He added heavily to his theological unpopularity, too, by his action in
another matter. There was a wealthy and important farmer living over on
the west side of Agrippa Hill, who was a Universalist. The expenses of
our Union meeting-house were felt to be a good deal of a burden, and our
elders, conferring together, decided that it would be a good thing to
waive ordinary prejudices, and let the Universalists come in, and have
their share of the preaching. It would be more neighborly, they felt,
and they would get a subscription from the Agrippa Hill farmer. He
assented to the project, and came over four or five Sundays with his
family and hired help, listened unflinchingly to orthodox sermons full
of sulphur and blue flames, and put money on the plate every time. Then
a Universalist preacher occupied the pulpit one Sunday, and preached a
highly inoffensive and non-committal sermon, and “Jee” Hagadorn stood
up in his pew and violently denounced him as an infidel, before he
had descended the pulpit steps. This created a painful scandal. The
Universalist farmer, of course, never darkened that church door again.
Some of our young men went so far as to discuss the ducking of
the obnoxious’ cooper in the duck-pond. But he himself was neither
frightened nor ashamed.

At the beginning, too, I suppose that his taking up Abolitionism made
him enemies. Dearborn County gave Franklin Pierce a big majority in
’52, and the bulk of our farmers, I know, were in that majority. But
I have already dwelt upon the way in which all this changed in the years
just before the war. Naturally enough, Hagadorn’s position also changed.
The rejected stone became the head of the corner. The tiresome fanatic
of the ’fifties was the inspired prophet of the ’sixties. People
still shrank from giving him undue credit for their conversion, but they
felt themselves swept along under his influence none the less.

But just as his unpopularity kept him poor in the old days, it seemed
that now the reversed condition was making him still poorer. The truth
was, he was too excited to pay any attention to his business. He went
off to Octavius three or four days a week to hear the news, and when
he remained at home, he spent much more time standing out in the road
discussing politics and the conduct of the war with passers-by, than he
did over his staves and hoops. No wonder his place was run down.

The house was dark and silent, but there was some sort of a light in the
cooper-shop beyond. My hope had been to see Esther rather than her wild
old father, but there was nothing for it but to go over to the shop. I
pushed the loosely fitting door back on its leathern hinges, and stepped
over the threshold. The resinous scent of newly cut wood, and the rustle
of the shavings under my feet, had the effect, somehow, of filling me
with timidity. It required an effort to not turn and go out again.

The darkened; and crowded interior of the tiny work-place smelt as
well, I noted now, of smoke. On the floor before me was crouched a
shapeless figure--bending in front of the little furnace, made of a
section of stove-pipe, which the cooper used to dry the insides of newly
fashioned barrels. A fire in this, half-blaze, half-smudge--gave forth
the light I had seen from without, and the smoke which was making my
nostrils tingle. Then I had to sneeze, and the kneeling figure sprang on
the instant from the floor.

It was Esther who stood before me, coughing a little from the smoke, and
peering inquiringly at me. “Oh--is that you, Jimmy?” she asked, after a
moment of puzzled inspection in the dark.

She went on, before I had time to speak, in a nervous, half-laughing
way: “I’ve been trying to roast an ear of corn here, but it’s the worst
kind of a failure. I’ve watched ’Ni’ do it a hundred times, but with
me it always comes out half-scorched and half-smoked. I guess the corn
is too old now, anyway. At all events, it’s tougher than Pharaoh’s

She held out to me, in proof of her words, a blackened and unseemly
roasting-ear. I took it, and turned it slowly over, looking at it with
the grave scrutiny of an expert. Several torn and opened sections showed
where she had been testing it with her teeth. In obedience to her
“See if you don’t think it’s too old,” I took a diffident bite, at a
respectful distance from the marks of her experiments. It was the worst
I had ever tasted.

“I came over to see if you’d heard anything--any news,” I said, desiring
to get away from the corn subject.

“You mean about Tom?” she asked, moving so that she might see me more

I had stupidly forgotten about that transformation of names. “Our Jeff,
I mean,” I made answer.

“His name is Thomas Jefferson. _We_ call him Tom,” she explained; “that
other name is too horrid. Did--did his people tell you to come and ask

I shook my head. “Oh, no!” I replied with emphasis, implying by my tone,
I dare say, that they would have had themselves cut up into sausage-meat

The girl walked past me to the door, and out to the road-side, looking
down toward the bridge with a lingering, anxious gaze. Then she came
back, slowly.

“No, we have no news!” she said, with an effort at calmness. “He wasn’t
an officer, that’s why. All we know is that the brigade his regiment is
in lost 141 killed, 560 wounded, and 38 missing. That’s all!” She stood
in the doorway, her hands clasped tight, pressed against her bosom.

“_That’s all!_” she repeated, with a choking voice.

Suddenly she started forward, almost ran across the few yards of floor,
and, throwing herself down in the darkest corner, where only dimly
one could see an old buffalo-robe spread over a heap of staves, began
sobbing as if her heart must break.

Her dress had brushed over the stove-pipe, and scattered some of the
embers beyond the sheet of tin it stood on. I stamped these out, and
carried the other remnants of the fire out doors. Then I returned, and
stood about in the smoky little shop, quite helplessly listening to the
moans and convulsive sobs which rose from the obscure corner. A bit of a
candle in a bottle stood on the shelf by the window. I lighted this, but
it hardly seemed to improve the situation. I could see her now, as well
as hear her--huddled face downward upon the skin, her whole form shaking
with the violence of her grief. I had never been so unhappy before in my

At last--it may not have been very long, but it seemed hours--there rose
the sound of voices outside on the road. A wagon had stopped, and some
words were being exchanged. One of the voices grew louder--came nearer;
the other died off, ceased altogether, and the wagon could be heard
driving away. On the instant the door was pushed sharply open, and
“Jee” Hagadorn stood on the threshold, surveying the interior of his
cooper-shop with gleaming eyes.

He looked at me; he looked at his daughter lying in the corner; he
looked at the charred mess on the floor--yet seemed to see nothing of
what he looked at. His face glowed with a strange excitement--which in
another man I should have set down to drink.

“Glory be to God! Praise to the Most High! Mine eyes have seen the glory
of the coming of the Lord!” he called out, stretching forth his hands in
a rapturous sort of gesture I remembered from classmeeting days.

Esther had leaped to her feet with squirrel-like swiftness at the sound
of his voice, and now stood before him, her hands nervously clutching at
each other, her reddened, tear-stained face afire with eagerness.

“Has word come?--is he safe?--have you heard?” so her excited questions
tumbled over one another, as she grasped “Jee’s” sleeve and shook it in
feverish impatience.

“The day has come! The year of Jubilee is here!” he cried, brushing
her hand aside, and staring with a fixed, ecstatic, open-mouthed smile
straight ahead of him. “The words of the Prophet are fulfilled!”

“But Tom!--_Tom!_” pleaded the girl, piteously. “The list has come? You
know he is safe?”

“Tom! _Tom!_” old “Jee” repeated after her, but with an emphasis
contemptuous, not solicitous. “Perish a hundred Toms--yea--ten
thousand! for one such day as this! ‘For the Scarlet Woman of Babylon
is overthrown, and bound with chains and cast into the lake of fire.
Therefore, in one day shall her plagues come, death, and mourning, and
famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the
Lord God which judged her!’”

He declaimed these words in a shrill, high-pitched voice, his face
upturned, and his eyes half-closed. Esther plucked despairingly at his
sleeve once more.

“But have you seen?--is _his_ name?--you must have seen!” she moaned,

“Jee” descended for the moment from his plane of exaltation. “I _didn’t_
see!” he said, almost peevishly. “Lincoln has signed a proclamation
freeing all the slaves! What do you suppose I care for your Toms and
Dicks and Harrys, on such a day as this? ‘Woe! woe! the great city of
Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour is thy judgment come!’”

The girl tottered back to her corner, and threw herself limply down upon
the buffalo-robe again, hiding her face in her hands.

I pushed my way past the cooper, and trudged cross-lots home in the
dark, tired, disturbed, and very hungry, but thinking most of all that
if I had been worth my salt, I would have hit “Jee” Hagadorn with the
adze that stood up against the door-stile.


It must have been a fortnight before we learned that Jeff Beech and
Byron Truax had been reported missing. I say “we,” but I do not know
when Abner Beech came to hear about it. One of the hired girls had seen
the farmer get up from his chair, with the newly arrived weekly _World_
in his hand, walk over to where his wife sat, and direct her attention
to a line of the print with his finger. Then, still in silence, he
had gone over to the bookcase, opened the drawer where he kept his
account-books, and locked the journal up therein.

We took it for granted that thus the elderly couple had learned the news
about their son. They said so little nowadays, either to each other or
to us, that we were driven to speculate upon their dumb-show, and find
meanings for ourselves in their glances and actions. No one of us could
imagine himself or herself venturing to mention Jeff’s name in their

Down at the Corners, though, and all about our district, people talked
of very little else. Antietam had given a bloody welcome to our little
group of warriors. Ray Watkins and Lon Truax had been killed outright,
and Ed Phillips was in the hospital, with the chances thought to be
against him. Warner Pitts, our other hired man, had been wounded in the
arm, but not seriously, and thereafter behaved with such conspicuous
valor that it was said he was to be promoted from being a sergeant to
a lieutenancy. All these things, however, paled in interest after the
first few days before the fascinating mystery of what had become of Jeff
and Byron. The loungers about the grocery-store evenings took sides
as to the definition of “missing.” Some said it meant being taken
prisoners; but it was known that at Antietam the Rebels made next to no
captives. Others held that “missing” soldiers were those who had been
shot, and who crawled off somewhere in the woods out of sight to die. A
lumberman from Juno Mills, who was up on a horse-trade, went so far as
to broach still a third theory, viz., that “missing” soldiers were those
who had run away under fire, and were ashamed to show their faces
again. But this malicious suggestion could not, of course, be seriously

Meanwhile, what little remained of the fall farm-work went on as if
nothing had happened. The root-crops were dug, the fodder got in, and
the late apples gathered. Abner had a cider-mill of his own, but we sold
a much larger share of our winter apples than usual. Less manure was
drawn out onto the fields than in other autumns, and it looked as if
there was to be little or no fall ploughing. Abner went about his tasks
in a heavy, spiritless way these days, doggedly enough, but with none of
his old-time vim. He no longer had pleasure even in abusing Lincoln and
the war with Hurley. Not Antietam itself could have broken his nerve,
but at least it silenced his tongue.

Warner Pitts came home on a furlough, with a fine new uniform,
shoulder-straps and sword, and his arm in a sling. I say “home,” but the
only roof he had ever slept under in these parts was ours, and now he
stayed as a guest at Squire Avery’s house, and never came near our farm.
He was a tall, brown-faced, sinewy fellow, with curly hair and a pushing
manner. Although he had been only a hired man he now cut a great dash
down at the Corners, with his shoulder-straps and his officer’s cape. It
was said that he had declined several invitations to husking-bees, and
that when he left the service, at the end of his time, he had a place
ready for him in some city as a clerk in a drygoods-store--that is, of
course, if he did not get to be colonel or general. From time to time
he was seen walking out through the dry, rustling leaves with Squire
Avery’s oldest daughter.

This important military genius did not seem able, however, to throw much
light upon the whereabouts of the two “missing” boys. From what I myself
heard him say about the battle, and from what others reported of his
talk, it seems that in the very early morning Hooker’s line--a part
of which consisted of Dearborn County men--moved forward through a
big cornfield, the stalks of which were much higher than the soldiers’
heads. When they came out, the Rebels opened such a hideous fire of
cannon and musketry upon them from the woods close by, that those who
did not fall were glad to run back again into the corn for shelter. Thus
all became confusion, and the men were so mixed up that there was no
getting them together again. Some went one way, some another, through
the tall corn-rows, and Warner Pitts could not remember having seen
either Jeff or Byron at all after the march began. Parts of the regiment
formed again out on the road toward the Dunker church, but other parts
found themselves half a mile away among the fragments of a Michigan
regiment, and a good many more were left lying in the fatal cornfield.
Our boys had not been traced among the dead, but that did not prove that
they were alive. And so we were no wiser than before.

Warner Pitts only nodded in a distant way to me when he saw me first,
with a cool “Hello, youngster!” I expected that he would ask after the
folks at the farm which had been so long his home, but he turned to talk
with some one else, and said never a word. Once, some days afterward,
he called out as I passed him, “How’s the old Copperhead?” and the Avery
girl who was with him laughed aloud, but I went on without answering. He
was already down in my black-books, in company with pretty nearly every
other human being roundabout.

This list of enemies was indeed so full that there were times when
I felt like crying over my isolation. It may be guessed, then, how
rejoiced I was one afternoon to see Ni Hagadorn squeeze his way through
our orchard-bars, and saunter across under the trees to where I was at
work sorting a heap of apples into barrels. I could have run to meet
him, so grateful was the sight of any friendly, boyish face. The thought
that perhaps after all he had not come to see me in particular, and that
possibly he brought some news about Jeff, only flashed across my mind
after I had smiled a broad welcome upon him, and he stood leaning
against a barrel munching the biggest russet he had been able to pick

“Abner to home?” he asked, after a pause of neighborly silence. He
hadn’t come to see me after all.

“He’s around the barns somewhere,” I replied; adding, upon reflection,
“Have you heard something fresh?”

Ni shook his sorrel head and buried his teeth deep into the apple. “No,
nothin’,” he said, at last, with his mouth full, “only thought I’d come
up an’ talk it over with Abner.”

The calm audacity of the proposition took my breath away. “He’ll boot
you off’m the place if you try it,” I warned him.

But Ni did not scare easily. “Oh, no,” he said, with light confidence,
“me an’ Abner’s all right.”

As if to put this assurance to the test, the figure of the farmer was at
this moment visible, coming toward us down the orchard road. He was in
his shirt-sleeves, with the limp, discolored old broad-brimmed felt hat
he always wore pulled down over his eyes. Though he no longer held
his head so proudly erect as I could remember it, there were still
suggestions of great force and mastership in his broad shoulders and big
beard, and in the solid, long-gaited manner of his walk. He carried a
pitchfork in his hand.

“Hello, Abner!” said Ni, as the farmer came up and halted, surveying
each of us in turn with an impassive scrutiny.

“How ’r’ ye?” returned Abner, with cold civility. I fancied he must
be surprised to see the son of his enemy here, calmly gnawing his way
through one of our apples, and acting as if the place belonged to him.
But he gave no signs of astonishment, and after some words of direction
to me concerning my work, started to move on again toward the barns.

Ni was not disposed to be thus cheated out of his conversation: “Seen
Warner Pitts since he’s got back?” he called out, and at this the farmer
stopped and turned round. “You’d hardly know him now,” the butcher’s
assistant went on, with cheerful briskness. “Why you’d think he’d never
hoofed it over ploughed land in all his life. He’s got his boots blacked
up every day, an’ his hair greased, an’ a whole new suit of broadcloth,
with shoulder-straps an’ brass buttons, an’ a sword--he brings it
down to the Corners every evening, so’t the boys at the store can heft
it--an’ he’s--”

“What do I care about all this?” broke in Abner. His voice was heavy,
with a growling ground-note, and his eyes threw out an angry light under
the shading hat-brim. “He can go to the devil, an’ take his sword with
him, for all o’ me!”

Hostile as was his tone, the farmer did not again turn on his heel.
Instead, he seemed to suspect that Ni had something more important to
say, and looked him steadfastly in the face.

“That’s what I say, too,” replied Ni, lightly. “What’s beat me is
how such a fellow as that got to be an officer right from the word
‘go!’--an’ him the poorest shote in the whole lot. Now if it had a’ ben
Spencer Phillips I could understand it--or Bi Truax, or--or your Jeff--”

The farmer raised his fork menacingly, with a wrathful gesture. “Shet
up!” he shouted; “shet up, I say! or I’ll make ye!”

To my great amazement Ni was not at all affected by this demonstration.
He leaned smilingly against the barrel, and picked out another apple--a
spitzenberg this time.

“Now look a-here, Abner,” he said, argumentatively, “what’s the good
o’ gittin’ mad? When I’ve had my say out, why, if you don’t like it you
needn’t, an’ nobody’s a cent the wuss off. Of course, if you come down
to hard-pan, it ain’t none o’ my business--”

“No,” interjected Abner, in grim assent, “it ain’t none o’ your

“But there is such a thing as being neighborly,” Ni went on, undismayed,
“an’ meanin’ things kindly, an’ takin’ ’em as they’re meant.”

“Yes, I know them kindly neighbors o’ mine!” broke in the farmer with
acrid irony. “I’ve summered ’em an’ I’ve wintered ’em, an’ the Lord
deliver me from the whole caboodle of ’em! A meaner lot o’ cusses
never cumbered this footstool!”

“It takes all sorts o’ people to make up a world,” commented this
freckled and sandy-headed young philosopher, testing the crimson skin
of his apple with a tentative thumb-nail. “Now you ain’t got anything in
particular agin me, have you?”

“Nothin’ except your breed,” the farmer admitted. The frown with which
he had been regarding Ni had softened just the least bit in the world.

“That don’t count,” said Ni, with easy confidence. “Why, what does breed
amount to, anyway? You ought to be the last man alive to lug _that_
in--you, who’ve up an’ soured on your own breed--your own son Jeff!”

I looked to see Abner lift his fork again, and perhaps go even further
in his rage. Strangely enough, there crept into his sunburnt, massive
face, at the corners of the eyes and mouth, something like the
beginnings of a puzzled smile. “You’re a cheeky little cuss, anyway!”
 was his final comment. Then his expression hardened again. “Who put you
up to cornin’ here, an’ talkin’ like this to me?” he demanded, sternly.

“Nobody--hope to die!” protested Ni. “It’s all my own spec. It riled
me to see you mopin’ round up here all alone by yourself, not knowin’
what’d become of Jeff, an’ makin’ b’lieve to yourself you didn’t care,
an’ so givin’ yourself away to the whole neighborhood.”

“Damn the neighborhood!” said Abner, fervently.

“Well, they talk about the same of you,” Ni proceeded with an air of
impartial candor. “But all that don’t do you no good, an’ don’t do Jeff
no good!”

“He made his own bed, and he must lay on it,” said the farmer, with
dogged firmness.

“I ain’t sayin’ he mustn’t,” remonstrated the other. “What I’m gittin’
at is that you’d feel easier in your mind if you knew where that bed
was--an’ so’d M’rye!”

Abner lifted his head. “His mother feels jest as I do,” he said. “He
sneaked off behind our backs to jine Lincoln’s nigger-worshippers,
an’ levy war on fellow-countrymen o’ his’n who’d done him no harm, an’
whatever happens to him it serves him right. I ain’t much of a hand
to lug in Scripter to back up my argyments--like some folks you know
of--but my feelin’ is: ‘Whoso taketh up the sword shall perish by the
sword!’ An’ so says his mother too!”

“Hm-m!” grunted Ni, with ostentatious incredulity. He bit into his
apple, and there ensued a momentary silence. Then, as soon as he was
able to speak, this astonishing boy said: “Guess I’ll have a talk with
M’rye about that herself.”

The farmer’s patience was running emptings.

“No!” he said, severely, “I forbid ye! Don’t ye dare say a word to
her about it. She don’t want to listen to ye--an’ I don’t know what’s
possessed _me_ to stand round an’ gab about my private affairs with you
like this, either. I don’t bear ye no ill-will. If fathers can’t help
the kind o’ sons they \ bring up, why, still less can ye blame sons on
account o’ their fathers. But it ain’t a thing I want to talk about any
more, either now or any other time. That’s all.”

Abner put the fork over his shoulder, as a sign that he was going, and
that the interview was at an end. But the persistent Ni had a last word
to offer--and he left his barrel and walked over to the farmer.

“See here,” he said, in more urgent tones than he had used before, “I’m
goin’ South, an’ I’m goin’ to find Jeff if it takes a leg! I don’t
know how much it’ll cost--I’ve got a little of my own saved up--an’ I
thought--p’r’aps--p’r’aps you’d like to--”

After a moment’s thought the farmer shook his head. “No,” he said,
gravely, almost reluctantly. “It’s agin my principles. You know
me--Ni--you know I’ve never b’en a near man, let alone a mean man. An’
ye know, too, that if Je--if that boy had behaved half-way decent,
there ain’t anything under the sun I wouldn’t’a’ done for him. But this
thing--I’m obleeged to ye for offrin’--but--No! it’s agin my principles.
Still, I’m obleeged to ye. Fill your pockets with them spitzenbergs, if
they taste good to ye.”

With this Abner Beech turned and walked resolutely off.

Left alone with me, Ni threw away the half-eaten apple he had held in
his hand. “I don’t want any of his dummed old spitzenbergs,” he said,
pushing his foot into the heap of fruit on the ground, in a meditative

“Then you ain’t agoin’ South?” I queried.

“Yes, I am!” he replied, with decision. “I can work my way somehow. Only
don’t you whisper a word about it to any livin’ soul, d’ye mind!”


Two or three days after that we heard that Ni Hagadorn had left for
unknown parts. Some said he had gone to enlist--it seems that, despite
his youth and small stature in my eyes, he would have been acceptable to
the enlistment standards of the day--but the major opinion was that
much dime-novel reading had inspired him with the notion of becoming a
trapper in the mystic Far West.

I alone possessed the secret of his disappearance--unless, indeed, his
sister knew--and no one will ever know what struggles I had to keep from
confiding it to Hurley.


SOON the fine weather was at an end. One day it was soft and warm, with
a tender blue haze over the distant woods and a sun like a blood-orange
in the tranquil sky, and birds twittering about among the elders and
sumac along the rail-fences. And the next day everything was gray and
lifeless and desolate, with fierce winds sweeping over the bare fields,
and driving the cold rain in sheets before them.

Some people--among them Hurley--said it was the equinoctial that was
upon us. Abner Beech ridiculed this, and proved by the dictionary that
the equinoctial meant September 22d, whereas it was now well-nigh the
end of October. The Irishman conceded that in books this might be so,
but stuck wilfully to it that in practice the equinoctial came just
before winter set in. After so long a period of saddened silence
brooding over our household, it was quite a relief to hear the men argue
this question of the weather.

Down at the Corners old farmers had wrangled over the identity of the
equinoctial ever since I could remember. It was pretty generally agreed
that each year along some time during the fall, there came a storm which
was properly entitled to that name, but at this point harmony ended.
Some insisted that it came before Indian Summer, some that it followed
that season, and this was further complicated by the fact that no one
was ever quite sure when it was Indian Summer. There were all sorts of
rules for recognizing this delectable time of year, rules connected, I
recall, with the opening of the chestnut burrs, the movement of birds,
and various other incidents in nature’s great processional, but these
rules rarely came right in our rough latitude, and sometimes never came
at all--at least did not bring with them anything remotely resembling
Indian Summer, but made our autumn one prolonged and miserable
succession of storms. And then it was an especially trying trick to
pick out the equinoctial from the lot--and even harder still to prove to
sceptical neighbors that you were right.

Whatever this particular storm may have been it came too soon. Being so
short-handed on the farm, we were much behind in the matter of drawing
our produce to market. And now, after the first day or two of rain, the
roads were things to shudder at. It was not so bad getting to and from
the Corners, for Agrippa Hill had a gravel formation, but beyond the
Corners, whichever way one went over the bottom lands of the Nedahma
Valley, it was a matter of lashing the panting teams through seas of mud
punctuated by abysmal pitch-holes, into which the wheels slumped over
their hubs, and quite generally stuck till they were pried out with

Abner Beech was exceptionally tender in his treatment of live-stock. The
only occasion I ever heard of on which he was tempted into using his big
fists upon a fellow-creature, was once, long before my time, when one of
his hired men struck a refractory cow over its haunches with a shovel.
He knocked this man clear through the stanchions. Often Jeff and I
used to feel that he carried his solicitude for horse-flesh too
far--particularly when we wanted to drive down to the creek for a summer
evening swim, and he thought the teams were too tired.

So now he would not let us hitch up and drive into Octavius with even
the lightest loads, on account of the horses. It would be better to
wait, he said, until there was sledding; then we could slip in in no
time. He pretended that all the signs this year pointed to an early

The result was that we were more than ever shut off from news of the
outer world. The weekly paper which came to us was full, I remember, of
political arguments and speeches--for a Congress and Governor were to
be elected a few weeks hence--but there were next to no tidings from the
front. The war, in fact, seemed to have almost stopped altogether, and
this paper spoke of it as a confessed failure. Farmer Beech and Hurley,
of course, took the same view, and their remarks quite prepared me from
day to day to hear that peace had been concluded.

But down at the Corners a strikingly different spirit reigned. It quite
surprised me, I know, when I went down on occasion for odds and ends
of groceries which the bad roads prevented us from getting in town, to
discover that the talk there was all in favor of having a great deal
more war than ever.

This store at the Corners was also the post-office, and, more important
still, it served as a general rallying place for the men-folks of the
neighborhood after supper. Lee Watkins, who kept it, would rather have
missed a meal of victuals any day than not to have the “boys” come in of
an evening, and sit or lounge around discussing the situation. Many of
them were very old boys now, garrulous seniors who remembered
“Matty” Van Buren, as they called him, and told weird stories of the
Anti-Masonry days.

These had the well-worn arm-chairs nearest the stove, in cold weather,
and spat tobacco-juice on its hottest parts with a precision born of
long-time experience. The younger fellows accommodated themselves about
the outer circle, squatting on boxes, or with one leg over a barrel,
sampling the sugar and crackers and raisins in an absent-minded way each
evening, till Mrs. Watkins came out and put the covers on. She was a
stout, peevish woman in bloomers, and they said that her husband, Lee,
couldn’t have run the post-office for twenty-four hours if it hadn’t
been for her. We understood that she was a Woman’s Rights’ woman, which
some held was much the same as believing in Free Love. All that was
certain, however, was that she did not believe in free lunches out of
her husband’s barrels and cases.

The chief flaw in this village parliament was the absence of an
opposition. Among all the accustomed assemblage of men who sat about,
their hats well back on their heads, their mouths full of strong
language and tobacco, there was none to disagree upon any essential
feature of the situation with the others. To secure even the merest
semblance of variety, those whose instincts were cross-grained had to
go out of their way to pick up trifling points of difference, and the
arguments over these had to be spun out with the greatest possible care,
to be kept going at all. I should fancy, however, that this apparent
concord only served to keep before their minds, with added persistency,
the fact that there was an opposition, nursing its heretical wrath in
solitude up on the Beech farm. At all events, I seemed never to go into
the grocery of a night without hearing bitter remarks, or even curses,
levelled at our household.

It was from these casual visits--standing about on the outskirts of the
gathering, beyond the feeble ring of light thrown out by the kerosene
lamp on the counter--that I learned how deeply the Corners were opposed
to peace. It appeared from the talk here that there was something very
like treason at the front. The victory at Antietam--so dearly bought
with the blood of our own people--had been, they said, of worse than no
use at all. The defeated Rebels had been allowed to take their own
time in crossing the Potomac comfortably. They had not been pursued
or molested since, and the Corners could only account for this on the
theory of treachery at Union headquarters. Some only hinted guardedly
at this. Others declared openly that the North was being sold out by its
own generals. As for old “Jee” Hagadorn, who came in almost every night,
and monopolized the talking all the while he was present, he made no
bones of denouncing McClellan and Porter as traitors who must be hanged.

Quivering with excitement, the red stubbly hair standing up all round
his drawn and livid face, his knuckles rapping out one fierce point
after another on the candle-box, as he filled the little hot room with
angry declamation. “Go it, Jee!”

“Give ’em Hell!”

“Hangin’s too good for ’em!” his auditors used to exclaim in
encouragement, whenever he paused for breath, and then he would start
off again still more furiously, till he had to gasp after every word,
and screamed “Lincoln-ah!” “Lee-ah!” “Antietam-ah!” and so on, into
our perturbed ears. Then I would go home, recalling how he had formerly
shouted about “Adam-ah!” and “Eve-ah!” in church, and marvelling that he
had never worked himself into a fit, or broken a bloodvessel.

So between what Abner and Hurley said on the farm, and what was
proclaimed at the Corners, it was pretty hard to figure out whether the
war was going to stop, or go on much worse than ever.

Things were still in this doubtful state, when election Tuesday came
round. I had not known or thought about it, until at the breakfast-table
Abner said that he guessed he and Hurley would go down and vote before
dinner. He had some days before.

He comes before me as I write--this thin form secured a package of
ballots from the organization of his party at Octavius, and these he now
took from one of the bookcase drawers, and divided between himself and

“They won’t be much use, I dessay, peddlin’ ’em at the polls,” he said,
with a grim momentary smile, “but, by the Eternal, we’ll vote ’em!”

“As many of ’em as they’ll be allowin’ us,” added Hurley, in chuckling

They were very pretty tickets in those days, with marbled and plaided
backs in brilliant colors, and spreading eagles in front, over the
printed captions. In other years I had shared with the urchins of the
neighborhood the excitement of scrambling for a share of these ballots,
after they had been counted, and tossed out of the boxes. The conditions
did not seem to be favorable for a repetition of that this year, and
apparently this occurred to Abner, for of his own accord he handed me
over some dozen of the little packets, each tied with a thread, and
labelled, “State,” “Congressional,” “Judiciary,” and the like. He,
moreover, consented--the morning chores being out of the way--that I
should accompany them to the Corners. The ground had frozen stiff
overnight, and the road lay in hard uncompromising ridges between the
tracks of yesterday’s wheels. The two men swung along down the hill
ahead of me, with resolute strides and their heads proudly thrown back,
as if they had been going into battle. I shuffled, on behind in my new
boots, also much excited. The day was cold and raw.

The polls were fixed up in a little building next to the post-office--a
one-story frame structure where Lee Watkins kept his bob-sleigh and
oil barrels, as a rule. These had been cleared out into the yard, and
a table and some chairs put in in their place. A pane of glass had been
taken out of the window. Through this aperture the voters, each in
his turn, passed their ballots, to be placed by the inspectors in the
several boxes ranged along the window-sill inside. A dozen or more men,
mainly in army overcoats, stood about on the sidewalk or in the road
outside, stamping their feet for warmth, and slapping their shoulders
with their hands, between the fingers of which they held little packets
of tickets like mine--that is to say, they were like mine in form and
brilliancy of color, but I knew well enough that there the resemblance
ended abruptly. A yard or so from the window two posts had been driven
into the ground, with a board nailed across to prevent undue crowding.

Abner and Hurley marched up to the polls without a word to any one, or
any sign of recognition from the bystanders. Their appearance, however,
visibly awakened the interest of the Corners, and several young fellows
who were standing on the grocery steps sauntered over in their wake to
see what was going on. These, with the ticket-peddlers, crowded up close
to the window now, behind our two men.

“Abner Beech!” called the farmer through the open pane, in a defiant
voice. Standing on tiptoe, I could just see the heads of some men
inside, apparently looking through the election books. No questions were
asked, and in a minute or so Abner had voted and stood aside a little,
to make room for his companion.

“Timothy Joseph Hurley!” shouted our hired man, standing on his toes to
make himself taller, and squaring his weazened shoulders.

“Got your naturalization papers?” came out a sharp, gruff inquiry
through the window-sash.

“That I have!” said the Irishman, wagging his head in satisfaction at
having foreseen this trick, and winking blandly into the wall of stolid,
hostile faces encircling him. “That I have!”

He drew forth an old and crumpled envelope, from his breast-pocket, and
extracted some papers from its ragged folds, which he passed through
to the inspector. The latter just cast his eye over the documents and
handed them back.

“Them ain’t no good!” he said, curtly.

“What’s that you’re saying?” cried the Irishman. “Sure I’ve voted on
thim same papers every year since 1856, an’ niver a man gainsaid me. No
good, is it? Huh!”

“Why ain’t they no good?” boomed in Abner Beech’s deep, angry voice. He
had moved back to the window.

“Because they ain’t, that’s enough!” returned the inspector. “Don’t
block up the window, there! Others want to vote!”

“I’ll have the law on yez!” shouted Hurley. “I’ll swear me vote in!

“Aw, shut up, you Mick!” some one called out close by, and then there
rose another voice farther back in the group: “Don’t let him vote! One
Copperhead’s enough in Agrippa!”

“I’ll have the law--” I heard Hurley begin again, at the top of his
voice, and Abner roared out something I could not catch. Then as in a
flash the whole cluster of men became one confused whirling tangle of
arms and legs, sprawling and wrestling on the ground, and from it rising
the repellent sound of blows upon flesh, and a discordant chorus of
grunts and curses. Big chunks of icy mud flew through the air, kicked up
by the boots of the men as they struggled. I saw the two posts with the
board weave under the strain, then give way, some of the embattled group
tumbling over them as they fell. It was wholly impossible to guess who
was who in this writhing and tossing mass of fighters. I danced up and
down in a frenzy of excitement, watching this wild spectacle, and, so I
was told years afterward, screaming with all my might and main.

Then all at once there was a mighty upheaval, and a big man
half-scrambled, half-hurled himself to his feet. It was Abner, who had
wrenched one of the posts bodily from under the others, and swung it
now high in air. Some one clutched it, and for the moment stayed its
descent, yelling, meanwhile, “Look out! Look out!” as though life itself
depended on the volume of his voice.

The ground cleared itself as if by magic. On the instant there was
only Abner standing there with the post in his hands, and little Hurley
beside him, the lower part of his face covered with blood, and his
coat torn half from his back. The others had drawn off, and formed
a semicircle just out of reach of the stake, like farm-dogs round a
wounded bear at bay. Two or three of them had blood about their heads
and necks.

There were cries of “Kill him!” and it was said afterward that Roselle
Upman drew a pistol, but if he did others dissuaded him from using it.
Abner stood with his back to the building, breathing hard, and a good
deal covered with mud, but eyeing the crowd with a masterful ferocity,
and from time to time shifting his hands to get a new grip on that
tremendous weapon of his. He said not a word.

The Irishman, after a moment’s hesitation, wiped some of the blood
from his mouth and jaw, and turned to the window again. “Timothy Joseph
Hurley!” he shouted in, defiantly.

This time another inspector came to the front--the owner of the tanyard
over on the Dutch road, and a man of importance in the district.
Evidently there had been a discussion inside.

“We will take your vote if you want to swear it in,” he said, in a
pacific tone, and though there were some dissenting cries from the crowd
without, he read the oath, and Hurley mumbled it after him.

Then, with some difficulty, he sorted out from his pocket some torn and
mud-stained packets of tickets, picked the cleanest out from each, and
voted them--all with a fine air of unconcern.

Abner Beech marched out behind him now with a resolute clutch on the
stake. The crowd made reluctant way for them, not without a good many
truculent remarks, but with no offer of actual violence. Some of the
more boisterous ones, led by Roselle Upman, were for following them,
and renewing the encounter beyond the Corners. But this, too, came to
nothing, and when I at last ventured to cross the road and join Abner
and Hurley, even the cries of “Copperhead” had died away.

The sun had come out, and the frosty ruts had softened to stickiness.
The men’s heavy boots picked up whole sections of plastic earth as they
walked in the middle of the road up the hill.

“What’s the matter with your mouth?” asked Abner at last, casting a
sidelong glance at his companion. “It’s be’n a-bleedin’.”

Hurley passed an investigating hand carefully over the lower part of
his face, looked at his reddened fingers, and laughed aloud. “I’d a fine
grand bite at the ear of one of them,” he said, in explanation. “‘Tis no
blood o’ mine.” Abner knitted his brows. “That ain’t the way we fight
in this country,” he said, in tones of displeasure. “Bitin’ men’s ears
ain’t no civilized way of behavin’.”

“’Twas not much of a day for civilization,” remarked Hurley, lightly;
and there was no further conversation on our homeward tramp.


The election had been on Tuesday, November 4th. Our paper, containing
the news of the result, was to be expected at the Corners on Friday
morning. But long before that date we had learned--I think it was Hurley
who found it out--that the Abolitionists had actually been beaten in
our Congressional district. It was so amazing a thing that Abner could
scarcely credit it, but it was apparently beyond dispute. For that
matter, one hardly needed further evidence than the dejected way in
which Philo Andrews and Myron Pierce and other followers of “Jee”
 Hagadorn hung their heads as they drove past our place.

Of course it had all been done by the vote in the big town of Tecumseh,
way at the other end of the district, and by those towns surrounding it
where the Mohawk Dutch were still very numerous. But this did not at all
lessen the exhilaration with which the discovery that the Radicals of
our own Dearborn County had been snowed under, filled our breasts. Was
it not wonderful to think of, that these heroes of remote Adams and Jay
Counties should have been at work redeeming the district on the very day
when the two votes of our farm marked the almost despairing low-water
mark of the cause in Agrippa?

Abner could hardly keep his feet down on the ground or floor when he
walked, so powerfully did the tidings of this achievement thrill his
veins. He said the springs of his knees kept jerking upward, so that he
wanted to kick and dance all the while. Janey Wilcox, who, though a
meek and silent girl, was a wildly bitter partisan, was all eagerness to
light a bonfire out on the knoll in front of the house Thursday night,
so that every mother’s son of them down at the Corners might see it, but
Abner thought it would be better to wait until we had the printed facts
before us.

I could hardly wait to finish breakfast Friday morning, so great was my
zeal to be off to the postoffice. It was indeed not altogether daylight
when I started at quick step down the hill. Yet, early as I was, there
were some twenty people inside Lee Watkins’s store when I arrived, all
standing clustered about the high square row of glass-faced pigeonholes
reared on the farther end of the counter, behind which could be seen
Lee and his sour-faced wife sorting over the mail by lamp-light. “Jee”
 Hagadorn was in this group and Squire Avery, and most of the other
prominent citizens of the neighborhood. All were deeply restless.

Every minute or two some one of them would shout: “Come, Lee, give us
out one of the papers, anyway!” But for some reason Mrs. Watkins was
inexorable. Her pursed-up lips and resolute expression told us plainly
that none would be served till all were sorted. So the impatient waiters
bided their time under protest, exchanging splenetic remarks under their
breath. We must have stood there three-quarters of an hour.

At last Mrs. Watkins wiped her hands on the apron over her bloomers.
Everybody knew the signal, and on the instant a dozen arms were
stretched vehemently toward Lee, struggling for precedence. In another
moment wrappers had been ripped off and sheets flung open. Then
the store was alive with excited voices. “Yes, sir! It’s true! The
Copperheads have won!”

“_Tribune_ concedes Seymour’s election!”

“We’re beaten in the district by less’n a hundred!”

“Good-by, human liberty!” “Now we know how Lazarus felt when he
was licked by the dogs!” and so on--a stormy warfare of wrathful

In my turn I crowded up, and held out my hand for the paper I saw in the
box. Lee Watkins recognized me, and took the paper out to deliver to
me. But at the same moment his wife, who had been hastily scanning the
columns of some other journal, looked up and also saw who I was. With a
lightning gesture she threw out her hand, snatched our _World_ from her
husband’s grasp, and threw it spitefully under the counter.

“There ain’t nothing for _you!_” she snapped at me. “Pesky Copperhead
rag!” she muttered to herself.

Although I had plainly seen the familiar wrapper, and understood her
action well enough, it never occurred to me to argue the question with

Watkins. Her bustling, determined demeanor, perhaps also her bloomers,
had always filled me with awe. I hung about for a time, avoiding her
range of vision, until she went out into her kitchen. Then I spoke with
resolution to Lee:

“If you don’t give me that paper,” I said, “I’ll tell Abner, an’ he’ll
make you sweat for it!”

The postmaster stole a cautious glance kitchen-ward. Then he made a
swift, diving movement under the counter, and furtively thrust the paper
out at me.

“Scoot!” he said, briefly, and I obeyed him.

Abner was simply wild with bewildered delight over what this paper had
to tell him. Even my narrative about Mrs. Watkins, which ordinarily
would have thrown him into transports of rage, provoked only a passing
sniff. “They’ve only got two more years to hold that post-office,” was
his only remark upon it.

Hurley and Janey Wilcox and even the Underwood girl came in, and
listened to Abner reading out the news. He shirked nothing, but waded
manfully through long tables of figures and meaningless catalogues of
counties in other States, the names of which he scarcely knew how to
pronounce: “‘Five hundred and thirty-one townships in Wisconsin give
Brown 21,409, Smith 16,329, Ferguson 802, a Republican loss of 26.’ Do
you see that, Hurley? It’s everywhere the same.”

“‘Kalapoosas County elects Republican Sheriff for first time in history
of party.’ That isn’t so good, but it’s only one out of ten thousand.”

“‘Four hundred and six townships in New Hampshire show a net Democratic
loss of--’ pshaw! there ain’t nothing in that! Wait till the other towns
are heard from!”

So Abner read on and on, slapping his thigh with his free hand whenever
anything specially good turned up. And there was a great deal that we
felt to be good. The State had been carried. Besides our Congressman,
many others had been elected in unlooked-for places--so much so that the
paper held out the hope that Congress itself might be ours. Of course
Abner at once talked as if it were already ours. Resting between
paragraphs, he told Hurley and the others that this settled it. The war
must now surely be abandoned, and the seceding States invited to return
to the Union on terms honorable to both sides.

Hurley had assented with acquiescent nods to everything else. He seemed
to have a reservation on this last point. “An’ what if they won’t come?”
 he asked.

“Let ’em stay out, then,” replied Abner, dogmatically. “This war--this
wicked war between brothers--must stop. That’s the meaning of Tuesday’s
votes. What did you and I go down to the Corners and cast our ballots
for?--why, for peace!”

“Well, somebody else got my share of it, then,” remarked Hurley, with a
rueful chuckle.

Abner was too intent upon his theme to notice. “Yes, peace!” he
repeated, in the deep vibrating tones of his class-meeting manner. “Why,
just think what’s been a-goin’ on! Great armies raised, hundreds of
thousands of honest men taken from their-work an’ set to murderin’
each other, whole deestricks of country torn up by the roots, homes
desolated, the land filled with widows an’ orphans, an’ every house a
house of mournin’.”

Mrs. Beech had been sitting, with her mending-basket on her knee,
listening to her husband like the rest of us. She shot to her feet now
as these last words of his quivered in the air, paying no heed to the
basket or its scattered contents on the floor, but putting her apron
to her eyes, and making her way thus past us, half-blindly, into her
bedroom. I thought I heard the sound of a sob as she closed the door.

That the stately, proud, self-contained mistress of our household should
act like this before us all was even more surprising than Seymour’s
election. We stared at one another in silent astonishment.

“M’rye ain’t feelin’ over’n’ above well,” Abner said at last,
apologetically. “You girls ought to spare her all you kin.”

One could see, however, that he was as puzzled as the rest of us. He
rose to his feet, walked over to the stove, rubbed his boot meditatively
against the hearth for a minute or two, then came back again to the
table. It was with a visible effort that he finally shook off this mood,
and forced a smile to his lips.

“Well, Janey,” he said, with an effort at briskness, “ye kin go ahead
with your bonfire, now. I guess I’ve got some old bar’ls for ye over’n
the cow-barn.”

But having said this, he turned abruptly and followed his wife into the
little chamber off the living-room.


The next day, Saturday, was my birthday. I celebrated it by a heavy
cold, with a bursting headache, and chills chasing each other down my
back. I went out to the cow-barn with the two men before daylight,
as usual, but felt so bad that I had to come back to the house before
milking was half over. The moment M’rye saw me, I was ordered on to the

The Beech homestead was a good place to be sick in. Both M’rye and Janey
had a talent in the way of fixing up tasty little dishes for invalids,
and otherwise ministering to their comfort, which year after year went
a-begging, simply because all the men-folk kept so well. Therefore, when
the rare opportunity did arrive, they made the most of it. I had my feet
and legs put into a bucket of hot water, and wrapped round with burdock
leaves. Janey prepared for my breakfast some soft toast--not the insipid
and common milk-toast--but each golden-brown slice treated separately on
a plate, first moistened with scalding water, then peppered, salted, and
buttered, with a little cold milk on top of all. I ate this
sumptuous breakfast at my leisure, ensconced in M’rye’s big cushioned
rocking-chair, with my feet and legs, well tucked up in a blanket-shawl,
stretched out on another chair, comfortably near the stove.

It was taken for granted that I had caught my cold out around the
bonfire the previous evening--and this conviction threw a sort of
patriotic glamour about my illness, at least in my own mind.

The bonfire had been a famous success. Though there was a trifle of rain
in the air, the barrels and mossy discarded old fence-rails burned like
pitch-pine, and when Hurley and I threw on armfuls of brush, the sparks
burst up with a roar into a flaming column which we felt must be visible
all over our side of Dearborn County. At all events, there was no doubt
about its being seen and understood down at the Corners, for presently
our enemies there started an answering bonfire, which glowed from time
to time with such a peculiarly concentrated radiance that Abner said
Lee Watkins must have given them some of his kerosene-oil barrels. The
thought of such a sacrifice as this on the part of the postmaster rather
disturbed Abner’s mind, raising, as it did, the hideous suggestion that
possibly later returns might have altered the election results. But when
Hurley and I dragged forward and tipped over into the blaze the whole
side of an old abandoned corn-crib, and heaped dry brush on top of that,
till the very sky seemed afire above us, and the stubblefields down
the hill-side were all ruddy in the light, Abner confessed himself
reassured. Our enthusiasm was so great that it was nearly ten o’clock
before we went to bed, having first put the fire pretty well out, lest a
rising wind during the night should scatter sparks and work mischief.

I had all these splendid things to think of next day, along with my
headache and the shivering spine, and they tipped the balance toward
satisfaction. Shortly after breakfast M’rye made a flaxseed poultice and
muffled it flabbily about my neck, and brought me also some boneset-tea
to drink. There was a debate in the air as between castor-oil and senna,
fragments of which were borne in to me when the kitchen door was
open. The Underwood girl alarmed me by steadily insisting that her
sister-in-law always broke up sick-headaches with a mustard-plaster put
raw on the back of the neck. Every once in a while one of them would
come in and address to me the stereotyped formula: “Feel any better?”
 and I as invariably answered, “No.” In reality, though, I was lazily
comfortable all the time, with Lossing’s “Field-Book of the War of 1812”
 lying open on my lap, to look at when I felt inclined. This book was not
nearly so interesting as the one about the Revolution, but a grandfather
of mine had marched as a soldier up to Sackett’s Harbor in the later
war, though he did not seem to have had any fighting to do after he got
there, and in my serious moods I always felt it my duty to read about
his war instead of the other.

So the day passed along, and dusk began to gather in the living-room.
The men were off outdoors somewhere, and the girls were churning in the
butter-room. M’rye had come in with her mending, and sat on the opposite
side of the stove, at intervals casting glances over its flat top to
satisfy herself that my poultice had not sagged down from its proper
place, and that I was in other respects doing as well as could be

Conversation between us was hardly to be thought of, even if I had not
been so drowsily indolent. M’rye was not a talker, and preferred always
to sit in silence, listening to others, or, better still, going on
at her work with no sounds at all to disturb her thoughts. These long
periods of meditation, and the sedate gaze of her black, penetrating
eyes, gave me the feeling that she must be much wiser than other women,
who could not keep still at all, but gabbled everything the moment it
came into their heads.

We had sat thus for a long, long time, until I began to wonder how she
could sew in the waning light, when all at once, without lifting her
eyes from her work, she spoke to me.

“D’ you know where Ni Hagadorn’s gone to?” she asked me, in a measured,
impressive voice.

“He--he--told me he was a-goin’ away,” I made answer, with weak

“But where? Down South?” She looked up, as I hesitated, and flashed that
darkling glance of hers at me. “Out with it!” she commanded. “Tell me
the truth!”

Thus adjured, I promptly admitted that Ni had said he was going South,
and could work his way somehow. “He’s gone, you know,” I added, after a
pause, “to try and find--that is, to hunt around after--”

“Yes, I know,” said M’rye, sententiously, and another long silence

She rose after a time, and went out into the kitchen, returning with the
lighted lamp. She set this on the table, putting the shade down on one
side so that the light should not hurt my eyes, and resumed her
mending. The yellow glow thus falling upon her gave to her dark, severe,
high-featured face a duskier effect than ever. It occurred to me that
Molly Brant, that mysteriously fascinating and bloody Mohawk queen who
left such an awful reddened mark upon the history of her native Valley,
must have been like our M’rye. My mind began sleepily to clothe the
farmer’s wife in blankets and chains of wampum, with eagles’ feathers
in her raven hair, and then to drift vaguely off over the threshold of
Indian dreamland, when suddenly, with a start, I became conscious that
some unexpected person had entered the room by the veranda-door behind

The rush of cold air from without had awakened me and told me of the
entrance. A glance at M’rye’s face revealed the rest. She was staring
at the newcomer with a dumfounded expression of countenance, her mouth
half-open with sheer surprise. Still staring, she rose and tilted the
lampshade in yet another direction, so that the light was thrown upon
the stranger. At this I turned in my chair to look.

It was Esther Hagadorn who had come in!

There was a moment’s awkward silence, and then the school-teacher began
hurriedly to speak. “I saw you were alone from the veranda--I was so
nervous it never occurred to me to rap--the curtains being up--I--I
walked straight in.”

As if in comment upon this statement, M’rye marched across the room, and
pulled down both curtains over the veranda windows. With her hand still
upon the cord of the second shade, she turned and again dumbly surveyed
her visitor.

Esther flushed visibly at this reception, and had to choke down the
first words that came to her lips. Then she went on better: “I hope
you’ll excuse my rudeness. I really did forget to rap. I came upon very
special business. Is Ab--Mr. Beech at home?”

“Won’t you sit down?” said M’rye, with a glum effort at civility. “I
expect him in presently.”

The school-ma’am, displaying some diffidence, seated herself in the
nearest chair, and gazed at the wall-paper with intentness. She had
never seemed to notice me at all--indeed had spoken of seeing M’rye
alone through the window--and now I coughed, and stirred to readjust my
poultice, but she did not look my way. M’rye had gone back to her chair
by the stove, and taken up her mending again.

“You’d better lay off your things. You won’t feel ’em when you go
out,” she remarked, after an embarrassing period of silence, investing
the formal phrases with chilling intention.

Esther made a fumbling motion at the loop of her big mink cape, but did
not unfasten it.

“I--I don’t know _what_ you think of me,” she began, at last, and then
nervously halted.

“Mebbe it’s just as well you don’t,” said M’rye, significantly, darning
away with long sweeps of her arm, and bending attentively over her
stocking and ball.

“I can understand your feeling hard,” Esther went on, still eyeing the
sprawling blue figures on the wall, and plucking with her fingers at
the furry tails on her cape. “And--I _am_ to blame, _some_, I can see
now--but it didn’t seem so, _then_, to either of us.”

“It ain’t no affair of mine,” remarked M’rye, when the pause came, “but
if that’s your business with Abner, you won’t make much by waitin’. Of
course it’s nothing to me, one way or t’other.”

Not another word was exchanged for a long time. From where I sat I could
see the girl’s lips tremble, as she looked steadfastly into the wall. I
felt certain that M’rye was darning the same place over and over again,
so furiously did she keep her needle flying.

All at once she looked up angrily. “Well,” she said, in loud, bitter
tones: “Why not out with what you’ve come to say, ’n’ be done with it?
You’ve heard something, _I_ know!”

Esther shook her head. “No, Mrs. Beech,” she said, with a piteous quaver
in her voice, “I--I haven’t heard anything!”

The sound of her own broken utterances seemed to affect her deeply. Her
eyes filled with tears, and she hastily got out a handkerchief from her
muff, and began drying them. She could not keep from sobbing aloud a

M’rye deliberately took another stocking from the heap in the basket,
fitted it over the ball, and began a fresh task--all without a glance at
the weeping girl.

Thus the two women still sat, when Janey came in to lay the table for
supper. She lifted the lamp off to spread the cloth, and put it on
again; she brought in plates and knives and spoons, and arranged them in
their accustomed places--all the while furtively regarding Miss Hagadorn
with an incredulous surprise. When she had quite finished she went over
to her mistress and, bending low, whispered so that we could all hear
quite distinctly: “Is _she_ goin’ to stay to supper?”

M’rye hesitated, but Esther lifted her head and put down the
handkerchief instantly. “Oh, no!” she said, eagerly: “don’t think of it!
I must hurry home as soon as I’ve seen Mr. Beech.” Janey went out with
an obvious air of relief.

Presently there was a sound of heavy boots out in the kitchen being
thrown on to the floor, and then Abner came in. He halted in the
doorway, his massive form seeming to completely fill it, and devoted a
moment or so taking in the novel spectacle of a neighbor under his roof.
Then he advanced, walking obliquely till he could see distinctly
the face of the visitor. It stands to reason that he must have been
surprised, but he gave no sign of it.

“How d’ do, Miss,” he said, with grave politeness, coming up and
offering her his big hand.

Esther rose abruptly, peony-red with pleasurable confusion, and took the
hand stretched out to her. “How d’ do, Mr. Beech,” she responded with
eagerness, “I--I came up to see you--a--about something that’s very

“It’s blowing up quite a gale outside,” the farmer remarked, evidently
to gain time the while he scanned her face in a solemn, thoughtful way,
noting, I doubt not, the swollen eyelids and stains of tears, and trying
to guess her errand. “Shouldn’t wonder if we had a foot o’ snow before

The school-teacher seemed in doubt how best to begin what she had to
say, so that Abner had time, after he lifted his inquiring gaze from
her, to run a master’s eye over the table.

“Have Janey lay another place!” he said, with authoritative brevity.

As M’rye rose to obey, Esther broke forth: “Oh, no, please don’t! Thank
you so much, Mr. Beech--but really I can’t stop--truly, I mustn’t think
of it.”

The farmer merely nodded a confirmation of his order to M’rye, who
hastened out to the kitchen.

“It’ll be there for ye, anyway,” he said. “Now set down again, please.”

It was all as if he was the one who had the news to tell, so naturally
did he take command of the situation. The girl seated herself, and the
farmer drew up his arm-chair and planted himself before her, keeping his
stockinged feet under the rungs for politeness’ sake.

“Now, Miss,” he began, just making it civilly plain that he preferred
not to utter her hated paternal name, “I don’t know no more’n a babe
unborn what’s brought you here. I’m sure, from what I know of ye, that
you wouldn’t come to this house jest for the sake of comin’, or to argy
things that can’t be, an’ mustn’t be, argied. In one sense, we ain’t
friends of yours here, and there’s a heap o’ things that you an’ me
don’t want to talk about, because they’d only lead to bad feelin’, an’
so we’ll leave ’em all severely alone. But in another way, I’ve
always had a liking for you. You’re a smart girl, an’ a scholar into the
bargain, an’ there ain’t so many o’ that sort knockin’ around in these
parts that a man like myself, who’s fond o’ books an’ learnin’, wants
to be unfriendly to them there is. So now you can figure out pretty well
where the chalk line lays, and we’ll walk on it.”

Esther nodded her head. “Yes, I understand,” she remarked, and seemed
not to dislike what Abner had said.

“That being so, what is it?” the farmer asked, with his hands on his

“Well, Mr. Beech,” the school-teacher began, noting with a swift
side-glance that M’rye had returned, and was herself rearranging the
table. “I don’t think you can have heard it, but some important news
has come in during the day. There seems to be different stories, but the
gist of them is that a number of the leading Union generals have been
discovered to be traitors, and McClellan has been dismissed from his
place at the head of the army, and ordered to return to his home in New
Jersey under arrest, and they say others are to be treated in the same
way, and Fath--_some_ people think it will be a hanging matter, and--”

Abner waved all this aside with a motion of his hand. “It don’t amount
to a hill o’ beans,” he said, placidly. “It’s jest spite, because we
licked ’em at the elections. Don’t you worry your head about _that!_”

Esther was not reassured. “That isn’t all,” she went on, nervously.
“They say there’s been discovered a big conspiracy, with secret
sympathizers all over the North.”

“Pooh!” commented Abner. “We’ve heer’n tell o’ that before!”

“All over the North,” she continued, “with the intention of bringing
across infected clothes from Canada, and spreading the small-pox among
us, and--”

The farmer laughed outright; a laugh embittered by contempt. “What
cock-’n’-bull story’ll be hatched next!” he said. “You don’t mean to say
you--a girl with a head on her shoulders like _you_--give ear to such
tomfoolery as that! Come, now, honest Injin, do you mean to tell me
_you_ believe all this?”

“It don’t so much matter, Mr. Beech,” the girl replied, raising her face
to his, and speaking more confidently--“it don’t matter at all what I
believe. I’m talking of what they believe down at the Corners.”

“The Corners be jiggered!” exclaimed Abner, politely, but with emphasis.

Esther rose from the chair. “Mr. Beech,” she declared, impressively;
“they’re coming up here to-night! That bonfire of yours made ’em mad.
It’s no matter how I learned it--it wasn’t from father--I don’t know
that he knows anything about it, but they’re coming _here!_ and--and
Heaven only knows what they’re going to do when they get here!”

The farmer rose also, his huge figure towering above that of the girl,
as he looked down at her over his beard. He no longer dissembled his
stockinged feet. After a moment’s pause he said: “So that’s what you
came to tell me, eh?”

The school-ma’am nodded her head. “I couldn’t bear not to,” she
explained, simply.

“Well, I’m obleeged to ye!” Abner remarked, with gravity. “Whatever
comes of it, I’m obleeged to ye!”

He turned at this, and walked slowly out into the kitchen, leaving the
door open behind him. “Pull on your boots again!” we heard him say,
presumably to Hurley. In a minute or two he returned, with his own boots
on, and bearing over his arm the old double-barrelled shot-gun which
always hung above the kitchen mantel-piece. In his hands he had two
shot-flasks, the little tobacco-bag full of buckshot, and a powder-horn.
He laid these on the open shelf of the bookcase, and, after fitting
fresh caps on the nipples, put the gun beside them.

“I’d be all the more sot on your stayin’ to supper,” he remarked,
looking again at Esther, “only if there _should_ be any unpleasantness,
why, I’d hate like sin to have you mixed up in it. You see how I’m

Esther did not hesitate a moment. She walked over to where M’rye stood
by the table replenishing the butter-plate. “I’d be very glad indeed to
stay, Mr. Beech,” she said, with winning frankness, “if I may.”

“There’s the place laid for you,” commented M’rye, impassively. Then,
catching her husband’s eye, she added the perfunctory assurance, “You’re
entirely welcome.”

Hurley and the girls came in now, and all except me took their seats
about the table. Both Abner and the Irishman had their coats on, out
of compliment to company. M’rye brought over a thick slice of fresh
buttered bread with brown sugar on it, and a cup of weak tea, and put
them beside me on a chair. Then the evening meal went forward, the
farmer talking in a fragmentary way about the crops and the weather.
Save for an occasional response from our visitor, the rest maintained
silence. The Underwood girl could not keep her fearful eyes from the
gun lying on the bookcase, and protested that she had no appetite,
but Hurley ate vigorously, and had a smile on his wrinkled and swarthy
little face.

The wind outside whistled shrilly at the windows, rattling the shutters,
and trying its force in explosive blasts which seemed to rock the house
on its stone foundations. Once or twice it shook the veranda door with
such violence that the folk at the table instinctively lifted their
heads, thinking some one was there.

Then, all at once, above the confusion of the storm’s noises, we heard a
voice rise, high and clear, crying:

“_Smoke the damned Copperhead out!_”


“That was Roselle Upman that hollered,” remarked Janey Wilcox, breaking
the agitated silence which had fallen upon the supper table. “You can
tell it’s him because he’s had all his front teeth pulled out.”

“I wasn’t born in the woods to be skeert by an owl!” replied Abner, with
a great show of tranquillity, helping himself to another slice of bread.
“Miss, you ain’t half makin’ out a supper!”

But this bravado could not maintain itself. In another minute there came
a loud chorus of angry yells, heightened at its finish by two or three
pistol-shots. Then Abner pushed back his chair and rose slowly to his
feet, and the rest sprang up all around the table.

“Hurley,” said the farmer, speaking as deliberately as he knew how,
doubtless with the idea of reassuring the others, “you go out into the
kitchen with the women-folks, an’ bar the woodshed door, an’ bring in
the axe with you to stan’ guard over the kitchen door. I’ll look out for
this part o’ the house myself.”

“I want to stay in here with you, Abner,” said M’rye.

“No, you go out with the others!” commanded the master with firmness,
and so they all filed out with no hint whatever of me. The shadow of the
lamp-shade had cut me off altogether from their thoughts.

Perhaps it is not surprising that my recollections  of what now ensued
should lack definiteness and sequence. The truth is, that my terror
at my own predicament, sitting there with no covering for my feet and
calves but the burdock leaves and that absurd shawl, swamped everything
else in my mind. Still, I do remember some of it.

Abner strode across to the bookcase and took up the gun, his big thumb
resting determinedly on the hammers. Then he marched to the door, threw
it wide open, and planted himself on the threshold, looking out into the

“What’s your business here, whoever you are?” he called out, in deep
defiant tones.

“We’ve come to take you an’ Paddy out for a little ride on a rail!”
 answered the same shrill, mocking voice we had heard at first. Then
others took up the hostile chorus. “We’ve got some pitch a-heatin’ round
in the backyard!”

“You won’t catch cold; there’s plenty o’ feathers!”

“Tell the Irishman here’s some more ears for him to chaw on!”

“Come out an’ take your Copperhead medicine!”

There were yet other cries which the howling wind tore up into
inarticulate fragments, and then a scattering volley of cheers, again
emphasized by pistol-shots. While the crack of these still chilled my
blood, a more than usually violent gust swooped round Abner’s burly
figure, and blew out the lamp.

Terrifying as the first instant of utter darkness was, the second was
recognizable as a relief. I at once threw myself out of the chair, and
crept along back of the stove to where my stockings and boots had been
put to dry. These I hastened, with much trembling awkwardness, to pull
on, taking pains to keep the big square old stove between me and that
open veranda door.

“Guess we won’t take no ride to-night!” I heard Abner roar out, after
the shouting had for the moment died away.

“You got to have one!” came back the original voice. “It’s needful for
your complaint!”

“I’ve got somethin’ here that’ll fit _your_ complaint!” bellowed the
farmer, raising his gun. “Take warnin’--the first cuss that sets foot
on this stoop, I’ll bore a four-inch hole clean through him. I’ve got
squirrel-shot, an’ I’ve got buckshot, an’ there’s plenty more behind--so
take your choice!”

There were a good many derisive answering yells and hoots, and some one
again fired a pistol in the air, but nobody offered to come up on the

Emboldened by this, I stole across the room now to one of the windows,
and lifting a corner of the shade, strove to look out. At first there
was nothing whatever to be seen in the utter blackness. Then I made out
some faint reddish sort of diffused light in the upper air, which barely
sufficed to indicate the presence of some score or more dark figures out
in the direction of the pump. Evidently they _had_ built a fire around
in the back yard, as they said--probably starting it there so that its
light might not disclose their identity.

This looked as if they really meant to tar-and-feather Abner and Hurley.
The expression was familiar enough to my ears, and, from pictures in
stray illustrated weeklies that found their way to the Corners, I had
gathered some general notion of the procedure involved. The victim was
stripped, I knew, and daubed over with hot melted pitch; then a
pillow-case of feathers was emptied over him, and he was forced astride
a fence-rail, which the rabble hoisted on their shoulders and ran about
with. But my fancy balked at and refused the task of imagining Abner
Beech in this humiliating posture. At least it was clear to my mind that
a good many fierce and bloody things would happen first.

Apparently this had become clear to the throng outside as well. Whole
minutes had gone by, and still no one mounted the veranda to seek close
quarters with the farmer--who stood braced with his legs wide apart,
bare-headed and erect, the wind blowing his huge beard sidewise over his

“Well! ain’t none o’ you a-comin’?” he called out at last, with
impatient sarcasm. “Thought you was so sot on takin’ me out an’ havin’
some fun with me!” After a brief pause, another taunt occurred to him.
“Why, even the niggers you’re so in love with,” he shouted, “they ain’t
such dod-rotted cowards as you be!”

A general movement was discernible among the shadowy forms outside.
I thought for the instant that it meant a swarming attack upon the
veranda. But no! suddenly it had grown much lighter, and the mob was
moving away toward the rear of the house. The men were shouting things
to one another, but the wind for the moment was at such a turbulent
pitch that all their words were drowned. The reddened light waxed
brighter still--and now there was nobody to be seen at all from the

“Hurry here! Mr. Beech! _We’re all afire!”_ cried a frightened voice in
the room behind me.

It may be guessed how I turned.

The kitchen door was open, and the figure of a woman stood on the
threshold, indefinitely black against a strange yellowish-drab half
light which framed it. This woman--one knew from the voice that it was
Esther Hagadorn--seemed to be wringing her hands.

“Hurry! Hurry!” she cried again, and I could see now that the little
passage was full of gray luminous smoke, which was drifting past her
into the living-room. Even as I looked, it had half obscured her form,
and was rolling in, in waves.

Abner had heard her, and strode across the room now, gun still in hand,
into the thick of the smoke, pushing Esther before him and shutting
the kitchen door with a bang as he passed through. I put in a terrified
minute or two alone in the dark, amazed and half-benumbed by the
confused sounds that at first came from the kitchen, and by the horrible
suspense, when a still more sinister silence ensued. Then there rose a
loud crackling noise, like the incessant popping of some giant variety
of corn.

The door burst open again, and M’rye’s tall form seemed literally flung
into the room by the sweeping volume of dense smoke which poured in. She
pulled the door to behind her--then gave a snarl of excited emotion at
seeing me by the dusky reddened radiance which began forcing its way
from outside through the holland window shades.

“Light the lamp, you gump!” she commanded, breathlessly, and fell with
fierce concentration upon the task of dragging furniture out from the
bedroom. I helped her in a frantic, bewildered fashion, after I had
lighted the lamp, which flared and smoked without its shade, as we
toiled. M’rye seemed all at once to have the strength of a dozen men.
She swung the ponderous chest of drawers out end on end; she fairly
lifted the still bigger bookcase, after I had hustled the books out on
to the table; she swept off the bedding, slashed the cords, and jerked
the bed-posts and side-pieces out of their connecting sockets with
furious energy, till it seemed as if both rooms must have been
dismantled in less time than I have taken to tell of it.

The crackling overhead had swollen now to a wrathful roar, rising above
the gusty voices of the wind. The noise, the heat, the smoke, and terror
of it all made me sick and faint. I grew dizzy, and did foolish things
in an aimless way, fumbling about among the stuff M’rye was hurling
forth. Then all at once her darkling, smoke-wrapped figure shot up to
an enormous height, the lamp began to go round, and I felt myself with
nothing but space under my feet, plunging downward with awful velocity,
surrounded by whirling skies full of stars.


There was a black night-sky overhead when I came to my senses again,
with flecks of snow in the cold air on my face. The wind had fallen,
everything was as still as death, and some one was carrying me in his
arms. I tried to lift my head.

“Anyhow!” came Hurley’s admonitory voice, close to my ear. “We’ll be
there in a minyut.”

“No--I’m all right--let me down,” I urged. He set me on my feet, and I
looked amazedly about me.

The red-brown front of our larger hay-barn loomed in a faint unnatural
light, at close quarters, upon my first inquiring gaze. The big sliding
doors were open, and the slanting wagon-bridge running down from their
threshold was piled high with chairs, bedding, crockery, milk-pans,
clothing--the jumbled remnants of our household gods. Turning, I looked
across the yard upon what was left of the Beech homestead--a glare of
cherry light glowing above a fiery hole in the ground.

Strangely enough this glare seemed to perpetuate in its outlines the
shape and dimensions of the vanished house. It was as if the house were
still there, but transmuted from joists and clap-boards and shingles,
into an illuminated and impalpable ghost of itself. There was a weird
effect of transparency about it. Through the spectral bulk of red light
I could see the naked and gnarled apple-trees in the home-orchard on
the further side; and I remembered at once that painful and striking
parallel of Scrooge gazing through the re-edified body of Jacob Marley,
and beholding the buttons at the back of his coat. It all seemed some
monstrous dream.

But no, here the others were. Janey Wilcox and the Underwood girl had
come out from the barn, and were carrying in more things. I perceived
now that there was a candle burning inside, and presently Esther
Hagadorn was to be seen. Hurley had disappeared, and so I went up the
sloping platform to join the women--noting with weak surprise that my
knees seemed to have acquired new double joints and behaved as if they
were going in the other direction. I stumbled clumsily once I was inside
the barn, and sat down with great abruptness on a milking-stool, leaning
my head back against the haymow, and conscious of an entire indifference
as to whether school kept or not.

The feeble light of the candle was losing itself upon the broad high
walls of new hay; the huge shadows in the rafters overhead; the
women-folk silently moving about, fixing up on the barn floor some
pitiful imitation, poor souls, of the home that had been swept off the
face of the earth, and outside, through the wide sprawling doors, the
dying away effulgence of the embers of our roof-tree lingering in the
air of the winter night.

Abner Beech came in presently, with the gun in one hand, and a blackened
and outlandish-looking object in the other, which turned out to be the
big pink sea-shell that used to decorate the parlor.

Again it was like some half-waking vision--the mantel. He held it up for
M’rye to see, with a grave, tired smile on his face.

“We got it out, after all--just by the skin of our teeth,” he said, and
Hurley, behind him, confirmed this by an eloquent grimace.

M’rye’s black eyes snapped and sparkled as she lifted the candle and saw
what this something was. Then she boldly put up her face and kissed her
husband with a resounding smack. Truly it was a night of surprises.

“That’s about the only thing I had to call my own when I was married,”
 she offered in explanation of her fervor, speaking to the company at
large. Then she added in a lower tone, to Esther: “_He_ used to play
with it for hours at a stretch--when he was a baby.”

“‘Member how he used to hold it up to his ear, eh, mother?” asked Abner,

M’rye nodded her head, and then put her apron up to her eyes for a brief
moment. When she lowered it, we saw an unaccustomed smile mellowing her
hard-set, swarthy face.

The candle-light flashed upon a tear on her cheek that the apron had

‘“I guess I _do_ remember!” she said, with a voice full of tenderness.

Then Esther’s hand stole into M’rye’s and the two women stood together
before Abner, erect and with beaming countenances, and he smiled upon
them both.

It seemed that we were all much happier in our minds, now that our house
had been burned down over our heads.


Some time during the night, I was awakened by the mice frisking through
the hay about my ears. My head was aching again, and I could not get
back into sleep. Besides, Hurley was snoring mercilessly.

We two had chosen for our resting-place the little mow of half a load or
so, which had not been stowed away above, but lay ready for present use
over by the side-door opening on the cow-yard. Temporary beds had been
spread for the women with fresh straw and blankets at the further end of
the central threshing-floor. Abner himself had taken one of the rescued
ticks and a quilt over to the other end, and stretched his ponderous
length out across the big doors, with the gun by his side. No one had,
of course, dreamed of undressing.

Only a few minutes of wakefulness sufficed to throw me into a desperate
state of fidgets. The hay seemed full of strange creeping noises. The
whole big barn echoed with the boisterous ticking of the old eight-day
clock which had been saved from the wreck of the kitchen, and which
M’rye had set going again on the seat of the democrat wagon. And then

I began to be convinced, now, that I was coming down with a great spell
of sickness--perhaps even “the fever.” Yes, it undoubtedly was the
fever. I could feel it in my bones, which now started up queer prickly
sensations on novel lines, quite as if they were somebody else’s bones
instead. My breathing, indeed, left a good deal to be desired from the
true fever standpoint. It was not nearly so rapid or convulsive as I
understood that the breathing of a genuine fever victim ought to be. But
that, no doubt, would come soon enough--nay! was it not already coming?
I thought, upon examination, that I did breathe more swiftly than
before. And oh! that Hurley!

As noiselessly as possible I made my way, half-rolling, half-sliding, off
the hay, and got on my feet on the floor. It was pitch dark, but I could
feel along the old disused stanchion-row to the corner; thence it was
plain sailing over to where Abner was sleeping by the big front doors.
I would not dream of rousing him if he was in truth asleep, but it would
be something to be nigh him, in case the fever should take a fatal turn
before morning. I would just cuddle down on the floor near to him, and
await events.

When I had turned the corner, it surprised me greatly to see ahead of
me, over at the front of the barn, the reflection of a light. Creeping
along toward it, I came out upon Abner, seated with his back against
one of the doors, looking over an account-book by the aid of a
lantern perched on a box at his side. He had stood the frame of an old
bob-sleigh on end close by, and hung a horse-blanket over it, so that
the light might not disturb the women-folk at the other end of the barn.
The gun lay on the floor beside him.

He looked up at my approach, and regarded me with something, I fancied,
of disapprobation in his habitually grave expression.

“Well, old seventy-six, what’s the matter with you?” he asked, keeping
his voice down to make as little noise as possible.

I answered in the same cautious tones that I was feeling bad. Had any
encouragement suggested itself in the farmer’s mien, I was prepared to
overwhelm him with a relation of my symptoms in detail. But he shook his
head instead.

“You’ll have to wait till morning, to be sick,” he said--“that is,
to get ’tended to. I don’t know anything about such things, an’ I
wouldn’t wake M’rye up now for a whole baker’s dozen o’ you chaps.”
 Seeing my face fall at this sweeping declaration, he proceeded to modify
it in a kindlier tone. “Now you just lay down again, sonny,” he added,
“an’ you’ll be to sleep in no time, an’ in the morning M’rye ’ll fix
up something for ye. This ain’t no fit time for white folks to be
belly-achin’ around.”

“I kind o’ thought I’d feel better if I was sleeping over here near
you,” I ventured now to explain, and his nod was my warrant for
tiptoeing across to the heap of disorganized furniture, and getting
out some blankets and a comforter, which I arranged in the corner a few
yards away and simply rolled myself up in, with my face turned away from
the light? It was better over here than with Hurley, and though that
prompt sleep which the farmer had promised did not come, I at least was
drowsily conscious of an improved physical condition.

Perhaps I drifted off more than half-way into dreamland, for it was with
a start that all at once I heard some one close by talking with Abner.

“I saw you were up, Mr. Beech”--it was Esther Hagadorn who spoke--“and
I don’t seem able to sleep, and I thought, if you didn’t mind, I’d come
over here.”

“Why, of course,” the farmer responded. “Just bring up a chair there,
an’ sit down. That’s it--wrap the shawl around you good. It’s a cold
night--snowin’ hard outside.”

Both had spoken in muffled tones, so as not to disturb the others. This
same dominant notion of keeping still deterred me from turning over,
in order to be able to see them. I expected to hear them discuss my
illness, but they never referred to it. Instead, there was what seemed
a long silence. Then the school-ma’am spoke. “I can’t begin to tell you,”
 she said, “how glad I am that you and your wife aren’t a bit cast down
by the--the calamity.”

“No,” came back Abner’s voice, buoyant even in its half-whisper, “we’re
all right. I’ve be’n sort o’ figurin’ up here, an’ they ain’t much real
harm done. I’m insured pretty well. Of course, this bein’ obleeged
to camp out in a hay-barn might be improved on, but then it’s a
change--somethin’ out o’ the ordinary rut--an’ it’ll do us good. I’ll
have the carpenters over from Juno Mills in the forenoon, an’ if they
push things, we can have a roof over us again before Christmas. It could
be done even sooner, p’raps, only they ain’t any neighbors to help
_me_ with a raisin’ bee. They’re willin’ enough to burn my house down,
though. However, I don’t want them not an atom more’n they want me.”

There was no trace of anger in his voice. He spoke like one
contemplating the unalterable conditions of life.

“Did they really, do you believe, _set_ it on fire?” Esther asked,

“No, _I_ think it caught from that fool fire they started around back
of the house, to heat their fool tar by. The wind was blowing a regular
gale, you know. Janey Wilcox, she will have it that that Roselle Upman
set it on purpose. But then, she don’t like him--an’ I can’t blame her
much, for that matter. Once Otis Barnum was seein’ her home from singin’
school, an’ when he was goin’ back alone this Roselle Upman waylaid him
in the dark, an’ pitched onto him, an’ broke his collar-bone. I always
thought it puffed Janey up some, this bein’ fought over like that, but
it made her mad to have Otis hurt on her account, an’ then nothing come
of it. I wouldn’t ’a’ minded pepperin’ Roselle’s legs a trifle, if I’d
had a barrel loaded, say, with bird-shot. He’s a nuisance to the whole
neighborhood. He kicks up a fight at every dance he goes to, all winter
long, an’ hangs around the taverns day in an’ day out, inducin’ young
men to drink an’ loaf. I thought a fellow like him ’d be sure to go
off to the war, an’ so good riddance; but no! darned if the coward don’t
go an’ get his front teeth pulled, so’t he can’t bite ca’tridges, an’
jest stay around; a worse nuisance than ever! I’d half forgive that
miserable war if it--only took off the--the right men.”

“Mr. Beech,” said Esther, in low fervent tones, measuring each word as
it fell, “you and I, we must forgive that war together!”

I seemed to feel the farmer shaking his head. He said nothing in reply.

“I’m beginning to understand how you’ve felt about it all along,” the
girl went on, after a pause. “I knew the fault must be in my ignorance,
that our opinions of plain right and plain wrong should be such poles
apart. I got a school-friend of mine, whose father is your way of
thinking, to send me all the papers that came to their house, and I’ve
been going through them religiously--whenever I could be quite alone. I
don’t say I don’t think you’re wrong, because I _do_, but I am getting
to understand how you should believe yourself to be right.”

She paused as if expecting a reply, but Abner only said, “Go on,” after
some hesitation, and she went on:

“Now take the neighbors all about here--”

“Excuse _me!_” broke in the farmer. “I guess if it’s all the same to
you, I’d rather not. They’re too rich for my blood.”

“Take these very neighbors,” pursued Esther, with gentle determination.
“Something must be very wrong indeed when they behave to you the way
they do. Why, I know that even now, right down in their hearts, they
recognize that you’re far and away the best man in Agrippa. Why,
I remember, Mr. Beech, when I first applied, and you were
school-commissioner, and you sat there through the examination--why, you
were the only one whose opinion I gave a rap for. When you praised
me, why, I was prouder of it than if you had been a Regent of the
University. And I tell you, everybody all around here feels at bottom
just as I do.”

“They take a dummed curious way o’ showin’ it, then,” commented Abner,

“It isn’t _that_ they’re trying to show at all,” said Esther. “They feel
that other things are more important. They’re all wrought up over the
war. How could it be otherwise when almost every one of them has got
a brother, or a father, or--or--_a son_--down there in the South, and
every day brings news that some of these have been shot dead, and more
still wounded and crippled, and others--_others_, that God only knows
_what_ has become of them--oh, how can they help feeling that way? I
don’t know that I ought to say it”--the school-ma’am stopped to catch
her breath, and hesitated, then went on--“but yes, you’ll understand
me _now_--there was a time here, not so long ago, Mr. Beech, when I
downright hated you--you and M’rye both!”

This was important enough to turn over for. I flopped as
unostentatiously as possible, and neither of them gave any sign of
having noted my presence. The farmer sat with his back against the door,
the quilt drawn up to his waist, his head bent in silent meditation. His
whole profile was in deep shadow from where I lay--darkly massive and
powerful and solemn. Esther was watching him with all her eyes, leaning
forward from her chair, the lantern-light full upon her eager face.

“M’rye an’ I don’t lay ourselves out to be specially bad folks, as folks
go,” the farmer said at last, by way of deprecation. “We’ve got our
faults, of course, like the rest, but--”

“No,” interrupted Esther, with a half-tearful smile in her eyes. “You
only pretend to have faults. You really haven’t got any at all.”

The shadowed outline of Abner’s face softened. “Why, that _is_ a fault
itself, ain’t it?” he said, as if pleased with his logical acuteness.

The crowing of some foolish rooster, growing tired of waiting for
the belated November daylight, fell upon the silence from one of the
buildings near by.

Abner Beech rose to his feet with ponderous slowness, pushing the
bedclothes aside with his boot, and stood beside Esther’s chair. He laid
his big hand on her shoulder with a patriarchal gesture.

“Come now,” he said, gently, “you go back to bed, like a good girl, an’
get some sleep. It’ll be all right.”

The girl rose in turn, bearing her shoulder so that the fatherly hand
might still remain upon it. “Truly?” she asked, with a new light upon
her pale face.

“Yes--truly!” Abner replied, gravely nodding his head.

Esther took the hand from her shoulder, and shook it in both of hers.
“Good-night again, then,” she said, and turned to go.

Suddenly there resounded the loud rapping of a stick on the barn-door,
close by my head.

Abner squared his huge shoulders and threw a downright glance at the gun
on the floor “Well?” he called out..

“_Is my da’ater inside there?_”

We all knew that thin, high-pitched, querulous voice. It was old “Jee”’
Hagadorn who was outside.


Abner and Esther stood for a bewildered minute, staring at the rough
unpainted boards through which this astonishing inquiry had come. I
scrambled to my feet and kicked aside the tick and blankets. Whatever
else happened, it did not seem likely that there was any more sleeping
to be done. Then the farmer strode forward and dragged one of the doors
back on its squeaking rollers. Some snow fell in upon his boots from the
ridge that had formed against it over night. Save for a vaguely faint
snow-light in the air, it was still dark.

“Yes, she’s here,” said Abner, with his hand on the open door.

“Then I’d like to know--” the invisible Jee began excitedly shouting
from without.

“Sh-h! You’ll wake everybody up!” the farmer interposed. “Come inside,
so that I can shut the door.”

“Never under your roof!” came back the shrill hostile voice. “I swore I
never would, and I won’t!”

“You’d have to take a crowbar to get under my roof,” returned Abner,
grimly conscious of a certain humor in the thought. “What’s left of it
is layin’ over yonder in what used to be the cellar. So you needn’t
stand on ceremony on _that_ account. I ain’t got no house now, so’t your
oath ain’t bindin’. Besides, the Bible says, ‘Swear not at all!’”

A momentary silence ensued; then Abner rattled the door on its wheels.
“Well, what are you goin’ to do?” he asked, impatiently. “I can’t keep
this door open all night, freezin’ everybody to death. If you won’t come
in, you’ll have to stay out!” and again there was an ominous creaking of
the rollers.

“I want my da’ater!” insisted Jehoiada, vehemently. “I stan’ on a
father’s rights.”

“A father ain’t got no more right to make a fool of himself than anybody
else,” replied Abner, gravely. “What kind of a time o’ night is this,
with the snow knee-deep, for a girl to be out o’ doors? She’s all right
here, with my women-folks, an’ I’ll bring her down with the cutter in
the mornin’--that is, if she wants to come. An’ now, once for all, will
you step inside or not?”

Esther had taken up the lantern and advanced with it now to the
open door. “Come in, father,” she said, in tones which seemed to be
authoritative, “They’ve been very kind to me. Come in!” Then, to my
surprise, the lean and scrawny figure of the cooper emerged from the
darkness, and stepping high over the snow, entered the barn, Abner
sending the door to behind him with a mighty sweep of the arm.

Old Hagadorn came in grumbling under his breath, and stamping the snow
from his feet with sullen kicks. He bore a sledge-stake in one of his
mittened hands. A worsted comforter was wrapped around his neck and ears
and partially over his conical-peaked cap. He rubbed his long thin nose
against his mitten and blinked sulkily at the lantern and the girl who
held it.

“So here you be!” he said at last, in vexed tones. “An’ me traipsin’
around in the snow the best part of the night lookin’ for you!”

“See here, father,” said Esther, speaking in a measured, deliberate way,
“we won’t talk about that at all. If a thousand times worse things had
happened to both of us than have, it still wouldn’t be worth mentioning
compared with what has befallen these good people here. They’ve been
attacked by a mob of rowdies and loafers, and had their house and home
burned down over their heads and been driven to take refuge here in this
barn of a winter’s night. They’ve shared their shelter with me and
been kindness itself, and now that you’re here, if you can’t think of
anything pleasant to say to them, if I were you I’d say nothing at all.”

This was plain talk, but it seemed to produce a satisfactory effect upon
Jehoiada. He unwound his comforter enough to liberate his straggling
sandy beard and took off his mittens. After a moment or two he seated
himself in the chair, with a murmured “I’m jest about tuckered out,” in
apology for the action. He did, in truth, present a woeful picture of
fatigue and physical feebleness, now that we saw him in repose. The
bones seemed ready to start through the parchment-like skin on his
gaunt cheeks, and, his eyes glowed with an unhealthy fire, as he sat,
breathing hard and staring at the jumbled heaps of furniture on the

Esther had put the lantern again on the box and drawn forward a chair
for Abner, but the farmer declined it with a wave of the hand and
continued to stand in the background, looking his ancient enemy over
from head to foot with a meditative gaze. Jehoiada grew visibly nervous
under this inspection; he fidgeted on his chair and then fell to
coughing--a dry, rasping cough which had an evil sound, and which he
seemed to make the worse by fumbling aimlessly at the button that held
the overcoat collar round his throat.

At last Abner walked slowly over to the shadowed masses of piled-up
household things and lifted out one of the drawers that had been taken
from the framework of the bureau and brought over with their contents.
Apparently it was not the right one, for he dragged aside a good many
objects to get at another, and rummaged about in this for several
minutes. Then he came out again into the small segment of the lantern’s
radiance with a pair of long thick woollen stockings of his own in his

“You better pull off them wet boots an’ draw these on,” he said,
addressing Hagadorn, but looking fixedly just over his head. “It won’t
do that cough o’ yours no good, settin’ around with wet feet.”

The cooper looked in a puzzled way at the huge butternut-yarn stockings
held out under his nose, but he seemed too much taken aback to speak or
to offer to touch them.

“Yes, father!” said Esther, with quite an air of command. “You know what
that cough means,” and straightway Hagadorn lifted one of his feet to
his knee and started tugging at the boot-heel in a desultory way. He
desisted after a few half-hearted attempts, and began coughing again,
this time more distressingly than ever.

His daughter sprang forward to help him, but Abner pushed her aside, put
the stockings under his arm, and himself undertook the job. He did
not bend his back overmuch; but hoisted Jee’s foot well in the air and

“Brace your foot agin mine an’ hold on to the chair!” he ordered,
sharply, for the first effect of his herculean pull had been to nearly
drag the cooper to the floor. He went at it more gently now, easing the
soaked leather up and down over the instep until the boots were off. He
looked furtively at the bottoms of these before he tossed them aside,
noting, no doubt, as I did, how old and broken and run down at the heel
they were. Jee himself peeled off the drenched stockings, and they too
were flimsy old things, darned and mended almost out of their original

These facts served only to deepen my existing low opinion of Hagadorn,
but they appeared to affect Abner Beech differently. He stood by and
watched the cooper dry his feet and then draw on the warm dry hose over
his shrunken shanks, with almost a friendly interest. Then he shoved
along one of the blankets across the floor to Hagadorn’s chair that he
might wrap his feet in it.

“That’s it,” he said, approvingly. “They ain’t no means o’ building a
fire here right now, but as luck would have it we’d jest set up an old
kitchen stove in the little cow-barn to warm up gruel for the caves
with, an’ the first thing we’ll do ’ll be to rig it up in here to cook
breakfast by, an’ then we’ll dry them boots o’ yourn in no time. You go
an’ pour some oats into ’em now,” Abner added, turning to me. “And you
might as well call Hurley. We’ve got considerable to do, an’ daylight’s

The Irishman lay on his back where I had left him, still snoring
tempestuously. As a rule he was a light sleeper, but this time I had to
shake him again and again before he understood that it was morning. I
opened the side-door, and sure enough, the day had begun. The clouds had
cleared away. The sky was still ashen gray overhead, but the light from
the horizon, added to the whiteness of the unaccustomed snow, rendered
it quite easy to see one’s way about inside. I went to the oat-bin.

Hurley, sitting up and rubbing his eyes, regarded me and my task with
curiosity. “An’ is it a stovepipe for a measure ye have?” he asked.

“No; it’s one of Jee Hagadorn’s boots,” I replied. “I’m filling ’em
so’t they’ll swell when they’re dryin’.”

He slid down off the hay as if some one had pushed him. “What’s that ye
say? Haggydorn? _Ould_ Haggydorn?” he demanded.

I nodded assent. “Yes, he’s inside with Abner,” I explained. “An’
he’s got on Abner’s stockin’s, an’ it looks like he’s goin’ to stay to

Hurley opened his mouth in sheer surprise and gazed at me with hanging
jaw and round eyes.

“’Tis the fever that’s on ye,” he said, at last. “Ye’re wandherin’ in
yer mind!”

“You just go in and see for yourself,” I replied, and Hurley promptly
took me at my word.

He came back presently, turning the corner of the stanchions in a
depressed and rambling way, quite at variance with his accustomed
swinging gait. He hung his head, too, and shook it over and over again

“Abner ‘n’ me ’ll be bringin’ in the stove,” he said.”’Tis not fit for
you to go out wid that sickness on ye.”

“Well, anyway,” I retorted, “you see I wasn’t wanderin’ much in my

Hurley shook his head again. “Well, then,” he began, lapsing into deep
brogue and speaking rapidly, “I’ve meself seen the woman wid the head of
a horse on her in the lake forninst the Three Castles, an’ me sister’s
first man, sure he broke down the ditch round-about the Danes’ fort on
Dunkelly, an’ a foine grand young man, small for his strength an’ wid
a red cap on his head, flew out an’ wint up in the sky, an’ whin he
related it up comes Father Forrest to him in the potaties, an’ says he,
‘I do be suprised wid you, O’Driscoll, for to be relatin’ such loies.’
‘I’ll take me Bible oat’ on ’em!’” says he.

“‘Tis your imagination!’ says the priest. ‘No imagination at all!’ says
O’Driscoll; ‘sure, I saw it wid dese two eyes, as plain as I’m lookin’
at your riverence, an’ a far grander sight it was too!’ An’ me own
mother, faith, manny’s the toime I’ve seen her makin’ up dhrops for the
yellow sicknest wid woodlice, an’ sayin’ Hail Marys over ’em, an’ thim
same_ ‘_ud cure annything from sore teeth to a wooden leg for moiles
round. But, saints help me! I never seen the loikes o’ _this!_ Haggydorn
is it? _Ould_ Haggydorn! _Huh!’_”

Then the Irishman, still with a dejected air, started off across the
yards through the snow to the cow-barns, mumbling to himself as he went.

I had heard Abner’s heavy tread coming along the stanchions toward me,
but now all at once it stopped. The farmer’s wife had followed him into
the passage, and he had halted to speak with her.

“They ain’t no two ways about it, mother,” he expostulated. “We jest got
to put the best face on it we kin, an’ act civil, an’ pass the time o’
day as if nothing’d ever happened atween us. He’ll be goin’ the first
thing after breakfast.”

“Oh! I ain’t agoin’ to sass him, or say anything uncivil,” M’rye broke
in, reassuringly. “What I mean is, I don’t want to come into the
for’ard end of the barn at all. They ain’t no need of it. I kin cook the
breakfast in back, and Janey kin fetch it for’ard for yeh, an’ nobody
need say anythin’, or be any the wiser.”

“Yes, I know,” argued Abner, “but there’s the looks o’ the thing. _I_
say, if you’re goin’ to do a thing, why, do it right up to the handle,
or else don’t do it at all. An’ then there’s the girl to consider, and
_her_ feelin’s.”

“Dunno’t her feelin’s are such a pesky sight more importance than other
folkses,” remarked M’rye, callously.

This unaccustomed recalcitrancy seemed to take Abner aback. He moved
a few steps forward so that he became visible from where I stood, then
halted again and turned, his shoulders rounded, his hands clasped behind
his back. I could see him regarding M’rye from under his broad hat-brim
with a gaze at once dubious and severe.

“I ain’t much in the habit o’ hearin’ you talk this way to me, mother,”
 he said at last, with grave depth of tones and significant deliberation.

“Well, I can’t help it, Abner!” rejoined M’rye, bursting forth in
vehement utterance, all the more excited from the necessity she felt of
keeping it out of hearing of the unwelcome guest. “I don’t want to do
anything to aggravate you, or go contrary to your notions, but with
even the willin’est pack-horse there is such a thing as pilin’ it on too
thick. I can stan’ bein’ burnt out o’ house ‘_n’ home, an’ seein’ pretty
nigh every rag an’ stick I had in the world go kitin’ up the chimney,
an’ campin’ out here in a barn--My Glory, yes!--an’ as much more on top
o’ that, but, I tell you flat-footed, I can’t stomach Jee Hagadorn, an’
I _won’t!”

Abner continued to contemplate the revolted

M’rye with displeased amazement written all over his face. Once or twice
I thought he was going to speak, but nothing came of it. He only looked
and looked, as if he had the greatest difficulty in crediting what he

Finally, with a deep-chested sigh, he turned again. “I s’pose this is
still more or less of a free country,” he said. “If you’re sot on it,
I can’t hender you,” and he began walking once more toward me.

M’rye followed him out and put a hand on his arm. “Don’t go off like
that, Abner!” she adjured him. “You _know_ there ain’t nothin’ in this
whole wide world I wouldn’t do to please you--if I _could!_ But this
thing jest goes agin my grain. It’s the way folks are made. It’s your
nater to be forgivin’ an’ do good to them that despitefully use you.”

“No, it ain’t!” declared Abner, vigorously.

“No, sirree! ‘Holdfast’ is my nater. I stan’ out agin my enemies till
the last cow comes home. But when they come wadin’ in through the snow,
with their feet soppin’ wet, an’ coughin’ fit to turn themselves inside
out, an’ their daughter is there, an’ you’ve sort o’ made it up with
her, an’ we’re all campin’ out in a barn, don’t you see--”

“No, I can’t see it,” replied M’rye, regretful but firm. “They always
said we Ramswells had Injun blood in us somewhere. An’ when I get an
Injun streak on me, right down in the marrow o’ my bones, why, you
mustn’t blame me--or feel hard if--if I--”

“No-o,” said Abner, with reluctant conviction,

“I s’pose not. I dare say you’re actin’ accordin’ to your lights. An’
besides, he’ll be goin’ the first thing after breakfast.”

“An’ you ain’t mad, Abner?” pleaded M’rye, almost tremulously, as if
frightened at the dimensions of the victory she had won.

“Why, bless your heart, no,” answered the farmer, with a glaring
simulation of easy-mindedness.

“No--that’s all right, mother!”

Then with long heavy-footed strides the farmer marched past me and out
into the cow-yard.


If there was ever a more curious meal in Dearborn County than that
first breakfast of ours in the barn, I never heard of it.

The big table was among the things saved from the living-room, and
Esther spread it again with the cloth which had been in use on the
previous evening. There was the stain of the tea which the Underwood
girl had spilled in the excitement of the supper’s rough interruption;
there were other marks of calamity upon it as well--the smudge of
cinders, for one thing, and a general diffused effect of smokiness. But
it was the only table-cloth we had. The dishes, too, were a queer lot,
representing two or three sets of widely different patterns and value,
other portions of which we should never see again.

When it was announced that breakfast was ready, Abner took his
accustomed arm-chair at the head of the table. He only half turned his
head toward Hagadorn and said in formal tones, over his shoulder, “Won’t
you draw up and have some breakfast?”

Jee was still sitting where he had planted himself two hours or so
before. He still wore his round cap, with the tabs tied down over his
ears. In addition to his overcoat, some one--probably his daughter--had
wrapped a shawl about his thin shoulders. The boots had not come in, as
yet, from the stove, and the blanket was drawn up over his stockinged
feet to the knees. From time to time his lips moved, as if he were
reciting Scripture texts to himself, but so far as I knew, he had said
nothing to any one. His cough seemed rather worse than better.

“Yes, come, father!” Esther added to the farmer’s invitation, and drew a
chair back for him two plates away from Abner. Thus adjured he rose and
hobbled stiffly over to the place indicated, bringing his foot-blanket
with him. Esther stooped to arrange this for him and then seated herself
next the host.

“You see, I’m going to sit beside you, Mr. Beech,” she said, with a wan
little smile.

“Glad to have you,” remarked Abner, gravely.

The Underwood girl brought in a first plate of buckwheat cakes, set it
down in front of Abner, and took her seat opposite Hagadorn and next to
me. There remained three vacant places, down at the foot of the table,
and though we all began eating without comment, everybody continually
encountered some other’s glance straying significantly toward these
empty seats. Janey Wilcox, very straight and with an uppish air, came in
with another plate of cakes and marched out again in tell-tale silence.

“Hurley! Come along in here an’ git your breakfast!”

The farmer fairly roared out this command, then added in a lower,
apologetic tone: “I ’spec’ the women-folks’ve got their hands full
with that broken-down old stove.”

We all looked toward the point, half-way down the central barn-floor,
where the democrat wagon, drawn crosswise, served to divide our
improvised living-room and kitchen. Through the wheels, and under its
uplifted pole, we could vaguely discern two petticoated figures at the
extreme other end, moving about the stove, the pipe of which was carried
up and out through a little window above the door. Then Hurley appeared,
ducking his head under the wagon-pole.

“I’m aitin’ out here, convanient to the stove,” he shouted from this

“No, come and take your proper place!” bawled back the farmer, and
Hurley had nothing to do but obey. He advanced with obvious reluctance,
and halted at the foot of the table, eyeing with awkward indecision the
three vacant chairs. One was M’rye’s; the others would place him either
next to the hated cooper or diagonally opposite, where he must look at
him all the while.

“Sure, I’m better out there!” he ventured to insist, in a wheedling
tone; but Abner thundered forth an angry “No, sir!” and the Irishman
sank abruptly into the seat beside Hagadorn. From this place he eyed
the Underwood girl with a glare of contemptuous disapproval. I learned
afterward that M’rye and Janey Wilcox regarded her desertion of them as
the meanest episode of the whole miserable morning, and beguiled their
labors over the stove by recounting to each other all the low-down
qualities illustrated by the general history of her “sapheaded tribe.”

Meanwhile conversation languished.

With the third or fourth instalment of cakes, Janey Wilcox had halted
long enough to deliver herself of a few remarks, sternly limited to
the necessities of the occasion. “M’rye says,” she declaimed, coldly,
looking the while with great fixedness at the hay-wall, “if the cakes
are sour she can’t help it. We saved what was left over of the batter,
but the Graham flour and the sody are both burnt up,” and with that
stalked out again.

Not even politeness could excuse the pretence on any one’s part that the
cakes were _not_ sour, but Abner seized upon the general subject as an
opening for talk.

“‘Member when I was a little shaver,” he remarked, with an effort
at amiability, “my sisters kicked about havin’ to bake the cakes, on
account of the hot stove makin’ their faces red an’ spoilin’ their
complexions, an’ they wanted specially to go to some fandango or other,
an’ look their pootiest, an’ so father sent us boys out into the kitchen
to bake ’em instid. Old Lorenzo Dow the Methodist preacher, was
stoppin’ overnight at our house, an’ mother was jest beside herself to
have everything go off ship-shape--an’ then them cakes begun comin’ in.
Fust my brother William, he baked one the shape of a horse, an’ then
Josh, he made one like a jackass with ears as long as the griddle would
allow of lengthwise, and I’d got jest comfortably started in on one that
I begun as a pig, an’ then was going to alter into a ship with sails up,
when father, he come out with hold-back strap, an’--well--mine never got
finished to this day. Mother, she was mortified most to death, but old
Dow, he jest lay back and laughed--laughed till you’d thought he’d split

“It was from Lorenzo Dow’s lips that I had my first awakening call unto
righteousness,” said Jee Hagadorn, speaking with solemn unction in high,
quavering tones.

The fact that he should have spoken at all was enough to take even the
sourness out of M’rye’s cakes.

Abner took up the ball with solicitous promptitude. “A very great man,
Lorenzo Dow was--in his way,” he remarked.

“By grace he was spared the shame and humiliation,” said Hagadorn,
lifting his voice as he went on--“the humiliation of living to see one
whole branch of the Church separate itself from the rest--withdraw and
call itself the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, in defence of human

Esther, red-faced with embarrassment, intervened peremptorily. “How
_can_ you, father!” she broke in. “For all you know he might have been
red-hot on that side himself! In fact, I dare say he would have been.
How on earth can _you_ know to the contrary, anyway?”

Jee was all excitement on the instant, at the promise of an argument.
His eyes flashed; he half rose from his seat and opened his mouth to

So much had he to say, indeed, that the words stumbled over one another
on his tongue, and produced nothing, but an incoherent stammering
sound, which all at once was supplanted by a violent fit of coughing. So
terrible were the paroxysms of this seizure that when they had at last
spent their fury the poor man was trembling like a leaf and toppled in
his chair as if about to swoon. Esther had hovered about over him from
the outset of the fit, and now looked up appealingly to Abner. The
farmer rose, walked down the table-side, and gathered Jee’s fragile form
up under one big engirdling arm. Then, as the girl hastily dragged forth
the tick and blankets again and spread them into the rough semblance of
a bed, Abner half led, half carried the cooper over and gently laid him
down thereon. Together they fixed up some sort of pillow for him with
hay under the blanket, and piled him snugly over with quilts and my

“There--you’ll be better layin’ down,” said Abner, soothingly. Hagadorn
closed his eyes wearily and made no answer. They left him after a minute
or two and returned to the table.

The rest of the breakfast was finished almost in silence. Every once in
a while Abner and Esther would exchange looks, his gravely kind, hers
gratefully contented, and these seemed really to render speech needless.
For my own part, I foresaw with some degree of depression that there
would soon be no chance whatever of my securing attention in the _rôle_
of an invalid, at least in this part of the barn.

Perhaps, however, they might welcome me in the kitchen part, as a sort
of home-product rival to the sick cooper. I rose and walked languidly
out into M’rye’s domain. But the two women were occupied with a furious
scrubbing of rescued pans for the morning’s milk, and they allowed me
to sit feebly down on the wood-box behind the stove without so much as a
glance of sympathy.

By and by we heard one of the great front doors rolled back on its
shrieking wheels and then shut to again. Some one had entered, and in
a moment there came some strange, inarticulate sounds of voices which
showed that the arrival had created a commotion. M’rye lifted her head,
and I shall never forget the wild, expectant flashing of her black eyes
in that moment of suspense.

“Come in here, mother!” we heard Abner’s deep voice call out from beyond
the democrat wagon. “Here’s somebody wants to see you!”

M’rye swiftly wiped her hands on her apron and glided rather than walked
toward the forward end of the barn. Janey Wilcox and I followed close
upon her heels, dodging together under the wagon-pole, and emerging,
breathless and wild with curiosity, on the fringe of an excited group.

In the centre of this group, standing with a satisfied smile on his
face, his general appearance considerably the worse for wear, but in
demeanor, to quote M’rye’s subsequent phrase, “as cool as Cuffy,” was Ni


HE’S all right; you can look for him here right along now, any day; he
_was_ hurt a leetle, but he’s as peart an’ chipper now as a blue-jay on
a hick’ry limb; yes, he’s a-comin’ right smack home!”

This was the gist of the assurances which Ni vouchsafed to the first
rush of eager questions--to his sister, and M’rye, and Janey Wilcox.

Abner had held a little aloof, to give the weaker sex a chance. Now he
reasserted himself once more: “Stan’ back, now, and give the young man
breathin’ room. Janey, hand a chair for’ard--that’s it. Now set ye down,
Ni, an’ take your own time, an’ tell us all about it. So you reely found
him, eh?”

“Pshaw! there ain’t anything to that,” expostulated Ni, seating himself
with nonchalance, and tilting back his chair. “_That_ was easy as
rollin’ off a log. But what’s the matter _here?_ That’s what knocks me.
We--that is to say, I--come up on a freight train to a ways beyond Juno
Junction, an’ got the conductor to slow up and let me drop off, an’
footed it over the hill. It was jest about broad daylight when I turned
the divide. Then I began lookin’ for your house, an’ I’m lookin’ for it
still. There’s a hole out there, full o’ snow an’ smoke, but nary a
house. How’d it happen?”

“‘Lection bonfire--high wind--woodshed must ‘a’ caught,” replied Abner,
sententiously. “So you reely got down South, eh?”

“An’ Siss here, too,” commented Ni, with provoking disregard for the
farmer’s suggestions; “a reg’lar family party. An’, hello!”

His roving eye had fallen upon the recumbent form on the made-up bed,
under the muffling blankets, and he lifted his sandy wisps of eyebrows
in inquiry.

“Sh! It’s father,” explained Esther. “He isn’t feeling very well. I
think he’s asleep.”

The boy’s freckled, whimsical face melted upon reflection into a
distinct grin. “Why,” he said, “you’ve been havin’ a reg’lar old
love-feast up here. I guess it was _that_ that set the house on fire!
An’ speakin’ o’ feasts, if you’ve got a mouthful o’ somethin’ to eat

The women were off like a shot to the impromptu larder at the far end of
the barn.

“Well, thin,” put in Hurley, taking advantage of their absence, “an’ had
ye the luck to see anny rale fightin’?”

“Never mind that,” said Abner; “when he gits around to it he’ll tell us
everything. But, fust of all--why, he knows what I want to hear about.”

“Why, the last time I talked with you, Abner--” Ni began, squinting up
one of his eyes and giving a quaint drawl to his words.

“That’s a good while ago,” said the farmer, quietly.

“Things have took a change, eh?” inquired Ni.

“That’s neither here nor there,” replied Abner, somewhat testily. “You
oughtn’t to need so dummed much explainin’. I’ve told you what I want
specially to hear. An’ that’s what we all want to hear.”

When the women had returned, and Ni, with much deliberation, had filled
both hands with selected eatables, the recital at last got under way.
It progress was blocked from time to time by sheer force of tantalizing
perversity on the part of the narrator, and it suffered steadily from
the incidental hitches of mastication; but such as it was we listened
to it with all our ears, sitting or standing about, and keeping our eyes
intently upon the freckled young hero.

“It wasn’t so much of a job to git down there as I’d figured on,” Ni
said, between mouthfuls. “I got along on freight trains--once worked my
way a while on a hand-car--as far as Albany, an’ on down to New York on
a river-boat, cheap, an’ then, after foolin’ round a few days, I hitched
up with the Sanitary Commission folks, an’ got them to let me sail on
one o’ their boats round to ’Napolis. I thought I was goin’ to die
most o’ the voyage, but I didn’t, you see, an’ when I struck ’Napolis
I hung around Camp Parole there quite a spell, talkin’ with fellers
that’d bin pris’ners down in Richmond an’ got exchanged an’ sent North.
They said there was a whole slew of our fellers down there still that’d
been brought in after Antietam. They didn’t know none o’ their names,
but they said they’d all be sent North in time, in exchange for Johnny
Rebs that we’d captured. An’ so I waited round--”

“You _might_ have written!” interrupted Esther, reproachfully.

“What’d bin the good o’ writin’? I hadn’t anything to tell. Besides
writin’ letters is for girls. Well, one day a man come up from
Libby--that’s the prison at Richmond--an’ he said there _was_ a tall
feller there from York State, a farmer, an’ he died. He thought the name
was Birch, but it might’a’ been Beech--or Body-Maple, for that matter. I
s’pose you’d like to had me write _that_ home!”

“No--oh, no!” murmured Esther, speaking the sense of all the company.

“Well, then I waited some more, an’ kep’ on waitin’, an’ then waited
agin, until bimeby, one fine day, along comes Mr. Blue-jay himself.
There here was, stan’in’ up on the paddle-box with a face on him as
long as your arm, an’ I sung out, ‘Way there, Agrippa Hill!’ an’ he come
mighty nigh failin’ head over heels into the water. So then he come off,
an’ we shook han’s, an’ went up to the commissioners to see about his
exchange, an’--an’ as soon’s that’s fixed, an’ the papers drawn up all
correct, why, he’ll come home. An’ that’s all there is to it.”

“And even _then_ you never wrote!” said Esther, plaintively.

“Hold on a minute,” put in Abner. “You say he’s comin’ home. That
wouldn’t be unless he was disabled. They’d keep him to fight agin, till
his time was up. Come, now, tell the truth--he’s be’n hurt bad!”

Ni shook his unkempt red head. “No, no,” he said. “This is how it was.
Fust he was fightin’ in a cornfield, an’ him an’ Bi Truax, they got
chased out, an’ lost their regiment, an’ got in with some other fellers,
and then they all waded a creek breast-high, an’ had to run up a long
stretch o’ slopin’ ploughed ground to capture a battery they was on top
o’ the knoll. But they didn’t see a regiment of sharp-shooters layin’
hidden behind a rail-fence, an’ these fellers riz up all to once an’
give it to ’em straight, an’ they wilted right there, an’ laid down,
an’ there they was after dusk when the rebs come out an’ started lookin’
round for guns an’ blankets an’ prisoners. Most of ’em was dead, or
badly hurt, but they was a few who’d simply lain there in the hollow
because it’d have bin death to git up. An’ Jeff was one o’ _them_.”

“You said yourself ’t he had been hurt--some,” interposed M’rye, with
snapping eyes.

“Jest a scratch on his arm,” declared Ni. “Well, then they marched the
well ones back to the rear of the reb line, an’ there they jest skinned
’em of everything they had--watch an’ jack-knife an’ wallet an’
everything--an’ put ’em to sleep on the bare ground. Next day they
started ’em out on the march toward Richmond, an’ after four or five
days o’ that, they got to a railroad, and there was cattle cars for
’em to ride the rest o’ the way in. An’ that’s how it was.”

“No,” said Abner, sternly; “you haven’t told us. How badly is he hurt?”

“Well,” replied Ni, “it was only a scratch, as I said, but it got worse
on that march, an’ I s’pose it wasn’t tended to anyways decently, an’
so--an’ so--”

M’rye had sprung to her feet and stood now drawn up to her full height,
with her sharp nose in air as if upon some strange scent, and her eyes
fairly glowing in eager excitement. All at once she made a bound past
us and ran to the doors, furiously digging her fingers in the crevice
between them, then, with a superb sweep of the shoulders, sending them
both rattling back on their wheels with a bang.

“I knew it!” she screamed in triumph.

We who looked out beheld M’rye’s black hair and brown calico dress
suddenly suffer a partial eclipse of pale blue, which for the moment
seemed in some way a part of the bright winter sky beyond. Then we saw
that it was a soldier who had his arm about M’rye, and his cap bent down
tenderly over the head she had laid on his shoulder.

Our Jeff had come home.

A general instinct rooted us to our places and kept us silent, the while
mother and son stood there in the broad open doorway.

Then the two advanced toward us, M’rye breathing hard, and with tears
and smiles struggling together on her face under the shadow of a
wrathful frown. We noted nothing of Jeff’s appearance save that he had
grown a big yellow beard, and seemed to be smiling. It was the mother’s
distraught countenance at which we looked instead.

She halted in front of Abner, and lifted the blue cape from Jeff’s left
shoulder, with an abrupt gesture.

“Look there!” she said, hoarsely. “See what they’ve done to my boy!”

We now saw that the left sleeve of Jeff’s army overcoat was empty and
hung pinned against his breast. On the instant we were all swarming
about him, shaking the hand that remained to him and striving against
one another in a babel of questions, comments, and expressions of
sympathy with his loss, satisfaction at his return. It seemed the most
natural thing in the world that he should kiss Esther Hagadorn, and that
Janey Wilcox should reach up on tiptoes and kiss him. When the Underwood
girl would have done the same, however, M’rye brusquely shouldered her

So beside ourselves with excitement were we all, each in turn seeking to
get in a word edgewise, that no one noticed the approach and entrance of
a stranger, who paused just over the threshold of the barn and coughed
in a loud perfunctory way to attract our attention. I had to nudge Abner
twice before he turned from where he stood at Jeff’s side, with his hand
on the luckless shoulder, and surveyed the newcomer.

The sun was shining so brightly on the snow outside, that it was not for
the moment easy to make out the identity of this shadowed figure. Abner
took a forward step or two before he recognized his visitor. It was
Squire Avery, the rich man of the Corners, and justice of the peace, who
had once even run for Congress.

“How d’ do?” said Abner, shading his eyes with a massive hand. “Won’t
you step in?”

The Squire moved forward a little and held forth his hand, which the
farmer took and shook doubtfully. We others were as silent now as the
grave, feeling this visit to be even stranger than all that had gone

“I drove up right after breakfast, Mr. Beech,” said the Squire, making
his accustomed slow delivery a trifle more pompous and circumspect than
usual, “to express to you the feeling of such neighbors as I have, in
this limited space of time, being able to foregather with. I believe,
sir, that I may speak for them all when I say that we regret, deplore,
and contemplate with indignation the outrage and injury to which certain
thoughtless elements of the community last night, sir, subjected you and
your household.”

“It’s right neighborly of you, Square, to come an’ say so,” remarked
Abner. “Won’t you set down? You see, my son Jeff’s jest come home from
the war, an’ the house bein’ burnt, an’ so on, we’re rather upset for
the minute.”

The Squire put on his spectacles and smiled with surprise at seeing
Jeff. He shook hands with him warmly, and spoke with what we felt to be
the right feeling about that missing arm; but he could not sit down, he
said. The cutter was waiting for him, and he must hurry back.

“I am glad, however,” he added, “to have been the first, Mr. Beech, to
welcome your brave son back, and to express to you the hope, sir, that
with this additional link of sympathy between us, sir, bygones may be
allowed to become bygones.”

“I don’t bear no ill will,” said Abner, guardedly. “I s’pose in the long
run folks act pooty close to about what they think is right. I’m willin’
to give ’em that credit--the same as I take to myself. They ain’t been
much disposition to give _me_ that credit, but then, as our school-ma’am
here was a-sayin’ last night, people ’ve been a good deal worked up about
the war--havin’ them that’s close to ’em right down in the thick of
it--an’ I dessay it was natural enough they should git hot in the collar
about it. As I said afore, I don’t bear no ill will--though prob’ly I’m
entitled to.”

The Squire shook hands with Abner again. “Your sentiments, Mr. Beech,”
 he said, in his stateliest manner, “do credit alike to your heart and
your head. There is a feeling, sir, that this would be an auspicious
occasion for you to resume sending your milk to the cheese-factory.”

Abner pondered the suggestion for a moment. “It would be handier,” he
said, slowly; “but, you know, I ain’t goin’ to eat no humble pie. That
Rod Bidwell was downright insultin’ to my man, an’ me too--”

“It was all, I assure you, sir, an unfortunate misunderstanding,”
 pursued the Squire, “and is now buried deep in oblivion. And it is
further suggested, that, when you have reached that stage of preparation
for your new house, if you will communicate with me, the neighbors
will be glad to come up and extend their assistance to you in what is
commonly known as a raising-bee. They will desire, I believe, to bring
with them their own provisions. And, moreover, Mr. Beech”--here the
Squire dropped his oratorical voice and stepped close to the
farmer--“if this thing has cramped you any, that is to say, if you find
yourself in need of--of--any accommodation--”

“No, nothin’ o’ that sort,” said Abner. He stopped at that, and kept
silence for a little, with his head down and his gaze meditatively fixed
on the barn floor. At last he raised his face and spoke again, his deep
voice shaking a little in spite of itself.

“What you’ve said, Square, an’ your comin’ here, has done me a lot o’
good. It’s pooty nigh wuth bein’ burnt out for--to have this sort o’
thing come \ on behind as an after-clap. Sometimes, I tell you, sir,
I’ve despaired o’ the republic. I admit it, though it’s to my shame.
I’ve said to myself that when American citizens, born an’ raised
right on the same hill-side, got to behavin’ to each other in such an
all-fired mean an’ cantankerous way, why, the hull blamed thing wasn’t
worth tryin’ to save. But you see I was wrong--I admit I was wrong. It
was jest a passin’ flurry--a kind o’ snow-squall in hayin’ time. All the
while, right down ’t the bottom, their hearts was sound an’ sweet as a
butternut. It fetches me--that does--it makes me prouder than ever I was
before in all my born days to be an American--yes, sir--that’s the way
I--I feel about it.”

There were actually tears in the big farmer’s eyes, and he got out those
finishing words of his in fragmentary gulps. None of us had ever seen
him so affected before.

After the Squire had shaken hands again and started off, Abner stood at
the open door, looking after him, then gazing in a contemplative general
way upon all out-doors. The vivid sunlight reflected up from the melting
snow made his face to shine as if from an inner radiance. He stood still
and looked across the yards with their piles of wet straw smoking in the
forenoon heat, and the black puddles eating into the snow as the thaw
went on; over the further prospect, made weirdly unfamiliar by the
disappearance of the big old farm-house; down the long broad sloping
hill-side with its winding road, its checkered irregular patches of
yellow stubble and stacked fodder, of deep umber ploughed land and warm
gray woodland, all pushing aside their premature mantle of sparkling
white, and the scattered homesteads and red barns beyond--and there was
in his eyes the far-away look of one who saw still other things.

He turned at last and came in, walking over to where Jeff and Esther
stood hand in hand beside the bed on the floor. Old Jee Hagadorn was
sitting up now, and had exchanged some words with the couple.

“Well, Brother Hagadorn,” said the farmer, “I hope you’re feelin’

“Yes, a good deal--B--Brother Beech, thank’ee,” replied the cooper,
slowly and with hesitation.

Abner laid a fatherly hand on Esther’s shoulder and another on Jeff’s. A
smile began to steal over his big face, broadening the square which his
mouth cut down into his beard, and deepening the pleasant wrinkles about
his eyes. He called M’rye over to the group with beckoning nod of the

“It’s jest occurred to me, mother,” he said, with the mock gravity of
tone we once had known so well and of late had heard so little--“I
jest be’n thinkin’ we might’a’ killed two birds with one stun while the
Square was up here. He’s justice o’ the peace, you know--an’ they say
them kind o’ marriages turn out better ’n all the others.”

“Go ’long with yeh!” said Ma’rye, vivaciously. But she too put a hand on
Esther’s other shoulder.

The school-teacher nestled against M’rye’s side. “I tell you what,” she
said, softly, “if Jeff ever turns out to be half the man his father is,
I’ll just be prouder than my skin can hold.”



Marsena Pulford, what time the village of Octavius knew him, was
a slender and tall man, apparently skirting upon the thirties, with
sloping shoulders and a romantic aspect.

It was not alone his flowing black hair, and his broad shirt-collars
turned down after the ascertained manner of the British poets, which
stamped him in our humble minds as a living brother to “The Corsair,”
 “The Last of the Suliotes,” and other heroic personages engraved in the
albums and keepsakes of the period. His face, with its darkling eyes
and distinguished features, conveyed wherever it went an impression
of proudly silent melancholy. In those days--that is, just before the
war--one could not look so convincingly and uniformly sad as Marsena did
without raising the general presumption of having been crossed in love.
We had a respectful feeling, in his case, that the lady ought to have
been named Iñez, or at the very least Oriana.

Although he went to the Presbyterian Church with entire regularity, was
never seen in public save in a long-tailed black coat, and in the winter
wore gloves instead of mittens, the local conscience had always, I
think, sundry reservations about the moral character of his past. It
would not have been reckoned against him, then, that he was obviously
poor. We had not learned in those primitive times to measure people by
dollar-mark standards. Under ordinary conditions, too, the fact that
he came from New England--had indeed lived in Boston--must have counted
rather in his favor than otherwise. But it was known that he had been
an artist, a professional painter of pictures and portraits, and we
understood in Octavius that this involved acquaintanceship, if not even
familiarity, with all sorts of occult and deleterious phases of city

Our village held all vice, and especially the vice of other and larger
places, in stern reprobation. Yet, though it turned this matter of the
newcomer’s previous occupation over a good deal in its mind, Marsena
carried himself with such a gentle picturesqueness of subdued sorrow
that these suspicions were disarmed, or, at the worst, only added to the
fascinated interest with which Octavius watched his spare and solitary
figure upon its streets, and noted the progress of his efforts to find a
footing for himself in its social economy.

It was taken for granted among us that he possessed a fine and
well-cultivated mind, to match that thoughtful countenance and that
dignified deportment.

This assumption continued to hold its own in the face of a long series
of failures in the attempt to draw him out. Almost everybody who
was anybody at one time or another tried to tap Marsena’s mental
reservoirs--and all in vain. Beyond the barest commonplaces of
civil conversation he could, never be tempted. Once, indeed, he had
volunteered to the Rev. Mr. Bunce the statement that he regarded
Washington Allston as in several respects superior to Copley; but as
no one in Octavius knew who these men were, the remark did not help us
much. It was quoted frequently, however, as indicating the lofty and
recondite nature of the thoughts with which Mr. Pulford occupied his
intellect. As it became more apparent, too, that his reserve must be
the outgrowth of some crushing and incurable heart grief, people grew to
defer to it and to avoid vexing his silent moods with talk.

Thus, when he had been a resident and neighbor for over two years,
though no one knew him at all well, the whole community regarded him
with kindly and even respectful emotions, and the girls in particular
felt that he was a distinct acquisition to the place.

I have said that Marsena Pulford was poor. Hardly anybody in Octavius
ever knew to what pathetic depths his poverty during the second winter
descended. There was a period of several months, in sober truth, during
which he fed himself upon six or seven cents a day. As he was too proud
to dream of asking credit at the grocer’s and butcher’s, and walked
about more primly erect than ever, meantime, in his frock-coat and
gloves, no idea of these privations got abroad. And at the end of this
long evil winter there came a remarkable spring, which altered in a
violent way the fortunes of millions of people--among them Marsena. We
have to do with events somewhat subsequent to that even, and with the
period of Mr. Pulford’s prosperity.


The last discredited strips of snow up in the ravines on the hill-sides
were melting away; the robins had come again, and were bustling busily
across between the willows, already in the leaf, and the budded elms;
men were going about the village streets without their overcoats, and
boys were telling exciting tales about the suckers in the creek; our old
friend Homer Sage had returned from his winter’s sojourn in the county
poorhouse at Thessaly, and could be seen daily sitting in the sunshine
on the broad stoop of the Excelsior Hotel. It was April of 1862.

A whole year had gone by since that sudden and memorable turn in Marsena
Pulford’s luck. So far from there being signs now of a possible adverse
change, this new springtide brought such an increase of good fortune,
with its attendant responsibilities, that Marsena was unable to bear
the halcyon burden alone. He took in a partner to help him, and then the
firm jointly hired a boy. The partner painted a signboard to mark this
double event, in bold red letters of independent form upon a yellow

                   PULFORD & SHULL.

               Empire State Portrait Athenæum and


               War Likenesses at Peace Prices.

Marsena discouraged the idea of hanging this out on the street; and, as
a compromise, it was finally placed at the end of the operating-room,
where for years thereafter it served for the sitters to stare at when
their skulls had been clasped in the iron headrest and they had been
adjured to look pleasant. A more modest and conventional announcement
of the new firm’s existence was put outside, and Octavius accepted it as
proof that the liberal arts were at last established within its borders
on a firm and lucrative basis.

The head of the firm was not much altered by this great wave of
prosperity. He had been drilled by adversity into such careful ways with
his wardrobe that he did not need to get any new clothes. Although the
villagers, always kindly, sought now with cordial effusiveness to
make him feel one of themselves, and although he accepted all their
invitations and showed himself at every public meeting in his capacity
as a representative and even prominent citizen, yet the heart of his
mystery remained unplucked. Marsena was too busy in these days to be
much upon the streets. When he did appear he still walked alone, slowly
and with an air of settled gloom. He saluted such passers-by as he knew
in stately silence. If they stopped him or joined him in his progress,
at the most he would talk sparingly of the weather and the roads.

Neither at the fortnightly sociables of the Ladies’ Church Mite Society,
given in turn at the more important members’ homes, nor in the more
casual social assemblages of the place, did Marsena ever unbend. It
was not that he held himself aloof, as some others did, from the simple
amusements of the evening. He never shrank from bearing his part in
“pillow,” “clap in and clap out,” “post-office,” or in whatever other
game was to be played, and he went through the kissing penalties and
rewards involved without apparent aversion. It was also to be noted, in
fairness, that, if any one smiled at him full in the face, he instantly
smiled in response. But neither smile nor chaste salute served to lift
for even the fleeting instant that veil of reserve which hung over him.

Those who thought that by having Marsena Pul-ford take their pictures
they would get on more intimate terms with him fell into grievous error.
He was more sententious and unapproachable in his studio, as he called
it, than anywhere else. In the old days, before the partnership, when
he did everything himself, his manner in the reception-room downstairs,
where he showed samples, gave the prices of frames, and took orders,
had no equal for formal frigidity--except his subsequent demeanor in
the operating-room upstairs. The girls used to declare that they always
emerged from the gallery with “cold shivers all over them.” This,
however, did not deter them from going again, repeatedly, after the
outbreak of the war had started up the universal notion of being

When the new partner came in, in this April of 1862, Marsena was able to
devote himself exclusively to the technical business of the camera and
the dark-room, on the second floor. He signalled this change by wearing
now every day an old russet-colored velveteen jacket, which we had never
seen before. This made him look even more romantically melancholy
and picturesque than ever, and revived something of the fascinating
curiosity as to his hidden past; but it did nothing toward thawing the
icebound shell which somehow came at every point between him and the
good-fellowship of the community.

The partnership was scarcely a week old when something happened. The
new partner, standing behind the little show-case in the reception-room,
transacted some preliminary business with two customers who had come in.
Then, while the sound of their ascending footsteps was still to be heard
on the stairs, he hastily left his post and entered the little work-room
at the back of the counter.

“You couldn’t guess in a baker’s dozen of tries who’s gone upstairs,”
 he said to the boy. Without waiting for even one effort, he added:
“It’s the Parmalee girl, and Dwight Ransom’s with her, and he’s got a
Lootenant’s uniform on, and they’re goin’ to be took together!”

“What of it?” asked the unimaginative boy. He was bending over a crock
of nitric acid, transferring from it one by one to a tub of water a lot
of spoiled glass plates. The sickening fumes from the jar, and the sting
of the acid on his cracked skin, still further diminished his interest
in contemporary sociology. “Well, what of it?” he repeated, sulkily.

“Oh, I don’t know,” said the new partner, in a listless, disappointed
way. “It seemed kind o’ curious, that’s all. Holdin’ her head up as high
in the air as she does, you wouldn’t think she’d so much as look at an
ordinary fellow like Dwight Ransom.”

“I suppose this is a free country,” remarked the boy, rising to rest his

“Oh, my, yes,” returned the other; “if she’s pleased, I’m quite
agreeable. And--I don’t know, too--I dare say she’s gettin’ pretty well
along. Maybe she thinks they ain’t any too much time to lose, and is
making a grab at what comes handiest. Still, I should ’a’ thought she
could ’a’ done better than Dwight. I worked with him for a spell once,
you know.”

There seemed to be very few people with whom Newton Shull had not at one
time or another worked. Apparently there was no craft or calling which
he did not know something about. The old phrase, “Jack of all trades,”
 must surely have been coined in prophecy for him. He had turned up in
Octavius originally, some years before, as the general manager of a
“Whaler’s Life on the Rolling Deep” show, which was specially adapted
for moral exhibitions in connection with church fairs. Calamity,
however, had long marked this enterprise for its own, and at our village
its career culminated under the auspices of a sheriff’s officer. The
boat, the harpoons, the panorama sheet and rollers, the whale’s jaw, the
music-box with its nautical tunes--these were sold and dispersed. Newton
Shull remained, and began work as a mender of clocks. Incidentally, he
cut out stencil-plates for farmers to label their cheese-boxes with, and
painted or gilded ornamental designs on chair-backs through perforated
paper patterns. For a time he was a maker of children’s sleds. In slack
seasons he got jobs to help the druggist, the tinsmith, the dentist,
or the Town Clerk, and was equally at home with each. He was one of
the founders of the Octavius Philharmonics, and offered to play any
instrument they liked, though his preference was for what he called the
bull fiddle. He spoke often of having travelled as a bandsman with a
circus. We boys believed that he was quite capable of riding a horse
bareback as well.

When Marsena Pulford, then, decided that he must have some help, Newton
Shull was obviously the man. How the arrangement came to take the form
of a partnership was never explained, save on the conservative village
theory that Marsena must have reasoned that a partner would be safer
with the cash-box downstairs, while he was taking pictures upstairs,
than a mere hired man. More likely it grew out of their temperamental
affinity. Shull was also a man of grave and depressed moods (as, indeed,
is the case with all who play the bass viol), only his melancholy
differed from Marsena’s in being of a tirelessly garrulous character.
This was not always an advantage. When customers came in, in the
afternoon, it was his friendly impulse to engage them in conversation at
such length that frequently the light would fail altogether before
they got upstairs. He recognized this tendency as a fault, and manfully
combated it--leaving the reception-room with abruptness at the earliest
possible moment, and talking to the boy in the work-room instead.

Mr. Shull was a short, round man, with a beard which was beginning to
show gray under the lip. His reception-room manners were urbane and
persuasive to a degree, and he particularly excelled in convincing
people that the portraits of themselves, which Marsena had sent down
to him in the dummy to be dried and varnished, and which they hated
vehemently at first sight, were really unique and precious works of art.
He had also much success in inducing country folks to despise the cheap
ferrotype which they had intended to have made, and to venture upon the
costlier ambrotype, daguerreotype, or even photograph instead. If they
did not go away with a family album or an assortment of frames that
would come in handy as well, it was no fault of his.

He made these frames himself, on a bench which he had fitted up in the
work-room. Here he constructed show-cases, too, cut out mats and mounts,
and did many other things as adjuncts to the business, which honest
Marsena had never dreamed of.

“Yes,” he went on now, “I carried a chain for Dwight the best part o’
one whole summer, when he was layin’ levels for that Nedahma Valley
Railroad they were figurin’ on buildin’. Guess they ruther let him
in over that job--though he paid me fair enough. It ain’t much of a
business, that surveyin’. You spend about half your time in findin’ out
for people the way they could do things if they only had the money to do
’em, and the other half in settlin’ miserable farmers’ squabbles about
the boundaries of their land. You’ve got to pay a man day’s wages for
totin’ round your chain and axe and stakes--and, as like as not, you
never get even that money back, let alone any pay for yourself. I know
something about a good many trades, and I say surveyin’ is pretty nigh
the poorest of ’em all.”

“George Washington was a surveyor,” commented the boy, stooping down to
his task once more.

“Yes,” admitted Mr. Shull; “so he was, for a fact. But then he had
influence enough to get government jobs. I don’t say there ain’t money
in that. If Dwight, now, could get a berth on the canal, say, it ’ud
be a horse of another color. They say, there’s some places there that
pay as much as $3 a day. That’s how George Washington got his start,
and, besides, he owned his own house and lot to begin with. But you’ll
take notice that he dropped surveyin’ like a hot potato the minute there
was any soldierin’ to do. He knew which side _his_ bread was buttered

“Well,” said the boy, slapping the last plates sharply into the tub,
“that’s just what Dwight’s doin’ too, ain’t it?”

“Yes,” Mr. Shull conceded; “but it ain’t the same thing. You won’t find
Dwight Ransom get-tin’ to be general, or much of anything else. He’s a
nice fellow enough, in his way, of course; but, somehow, after it’s all
said and done, there ain’t much to him. I always sort o’ felt, when I
was out with him, that by good rights I ought to be working the level
and him hammerin’ in the stakes.”

The boy sniffed audibly as he bore away the acid-jar.

Mr. Shull went over to the bench, and took up a chisel with a meditative
air. After a moment he lifted his head and listened, with aroused
interest written all over his face.

There had been audible from the floor above, at intervals, the customary
noises of the camera being wheeled about to different points under
the skylight. There came echoing downward now quite other and most
unfamiliar sounds--the clatter of animated, even gay, conversation,
punctuated by frank outbursts of laughter. Newton Shull could hardly
believe his ears: but they certainly did tell him that there were three
parties to that merriment overhead. It was so strange that he laid aside
the chisel, and tiptoed out into the reception-room, with a notion of
listening at the stair door. Then he even more hurriedly ran back again.
They were coming downstairs.

It might have been a whole wedding-party that trooped down the
resounding stairway, the voices rising above the clump of Dwight’s
artillery boots and sword on step after step, and overflowed into the
stuffy little reception-room with a cheerful tumult of babble. The new
partner and the boy looked at each other, then directed a joint stare of
bewilderment toward the door.

Julia Parmalee had pushed her way behind the show-case, and stood in
the entrance to the workroom, peering about her with an affectation of
excited curiosity which she may have thought pretty and playful, but
which the boy, at least, held to be absurd.

She had been talking thirteen to the dozen all the time. “Oh, I really
must see everything!” she rattled on now. “If I could be trusted alone
in the dark-room with you, Mr. Pulford, I surely may be allowed to
explore all these minor mysteries. Oh, I see,” she added, glancing
round, and incidentally looking quite through Mr. Shull and the boy, as
if they had been transparent: “here’s where the frames and the washing
are done. How interesting!”

What really was interesting was the face of Marsena Pulford, discernible
in the shadow over her shoulder. No one in Octavius had ever seen such a
beaming smile on his saturnine countenance before.


Next to the War, the chief topic of interest and conversation in
Octavius at this time was easily Miss Julia Parmalee.

To begin with, her family had for two generations or more been the most
important family in the village. When Lafayette stopped here to receive
an address of welcome, on his tour through the State in 1825, it was a
Parmalee who read that address, and who also, as tradition runs, made on
his own account several remarks to the hero in the French language, all
of which were understood. The elder son of this man has a secure place
in history. He is the Judge Parmalee whose portrait hangs in the Court
House, and whose learned work on “The Treaties of the Tuscarora Nation,”
 handsomely bound in morocco, used to have a place of honor on the parlor
table of every well-to-do and cultured Octavius home.

This Judge was a banker, too, and did pretty well for himself in a
number of other commercial paths. He it was who built the big Parmalee
house, with a stone wall in front and the great garden and orchard
stretching back to the next street, and the buff-colored statues on
either side of the gravelled walk, where the Second National Dearborn
County Bank now stands. The Judge had no children, and, on his widow’s
death, the property went to his much younger brother Charles, who, from
having been as a stripling on some forgotten Governor’s staff, bore
through life the title of Colonel in the local speech.

This Colonel Parmalee had a certain distinction, too, though not of a
martial character. His home was in New York, and for many years Octavius
never laid eyes on him. He was understood to occupy a respected place
among American men of letters, though exactly what he wrote did not come
to our knowledge. It was said that he had been at Brook Farm. I have not
been able to find any one who remembers him there, but the report is of
use as showing the impression of superior intellectual force which he
created, even by hearsay, in his native village. When he finally came
back to us, to play his part as the head of the Parmalee house, we saw
at intervals, when the sun was warm and the sidewalks were dry, the lean
and bent figure of an old man, with a very yellow face and a sharp-edged
brown wig, moving feebly about with a thick gray shawl over his
shoulders. His housekeeper was an elderly maiden cousin, who seemed
never to come out at all, whether the sun was shining or not.

There were three or four of the Colonel’s daughters--all tall, well-made
girls, with strikingly dark skins, and what we took to be gypsyish
faces. Their appearance certainly bore out the rumor that their mother
had been an opera-singer--some said an Italian, others a lady of
Louisiana Creole extraction. No information, except that she was dead,
ever came to hand about this person. Her daughters, however, were very
much in evidence. They seemed always to wear white dresses, and they
were always to be seen somewhere, either on their lawn playing croquet,
or in the streets, or at the windows of their house. The consciousness
of their existence pervaded the whole village from morning till night.
To watch their goings and comings, and to speculate upon the identity
and business of the friends from strange parts who were continually
arriving to visit them, grew to be quite the standing occupation of the
idler portion of the community.

Before such of our young people as naturally took the lead in these
matters had had time to decide how best to utilize for the general good
this influx of beauty, wealth, and ancestral dignity, the village was
startled by an unlooked-for occurrence. A red carpet was spread one
forenoon from the curb to the doorway of the Episcopal church: the
old-fashioned Parmalee carriage turned out, with its driver clasping
white reins in white cotton gloves; we had a confused glimpse of the
dark Parmalee girls with bouquets in their hands, and dressed rather
more in white than usual: and then astonished Octavius learned that
two of them had been married, right there under its very eyes, and had
departed with their husbands. It gave an angry twist to the discovery to
find that the bridegrooms were both strangers, presumably from New York.

This episode had the figurative effect of doubling or trebling the
height of that stone wall which stood between the Parmalee place and the
public. Such budding hopes and projects of intimacy as our villagers
may have entertained toward these polished newcomers fell nipped and
lifeless on the stroke. Shortly afterward--that is to say, in the autumn
of 1860--the family went away, and the big house was shut up. News came
in time that the Colonel was dead: something was said about another
daughter’s marriage; then the war broke out, and gave us other things to
think of. We forgot all about the Parmalees.

It must have been in the last weeks of 1861 that our vagrant attention
was recalled to the subject by the appearance in the village of an
elderly married couple of servants, who took up their quarters in the
long empty mansion, and began fitting it once more for habitation. They
set all the chimneys smoking, shovelled the garden paths clear of snow,
laid in huge supplies of firewood, vegetables, and the like, and turned
the whole place inside out in a vigorous convulsion of housecleaning.
Their preparations were on such a bold, large scale that we assumed the
property must have passed to some voluminous collateral branch of the
family, hitherto unknown to us. It came indeed to be stated among us,
with an air of certainty, that a remote relation named Amos or Erasmus
Parmalee, with eight or more children and a numerous adult household,
was coming to live there. The legend of this wholly mythical personage
had nearly a fortnight’s vogue, and reached a point of distinctness
where we clearly understood that the coming stranger was a violent
secessionist. This seemed to open up a troubled and sinister prospect
before loyal Octavius, and there was a good deal of plain talk in the
barroom of the Excelsior Hotel as to how this impending crisis should be

It was just after New Year’s that our suspense was ended. The new
Parmalees came, and Octavius noted with a sort of disappointed surprise
that they turned out to be merely a shorn and trivial remnant of the old
Parmalees. They were in fact only a couple of women--the elderly maiden
cousin who had presided before over the Colonel’s household, and the
youngest of his daughters, by name Miss Julia. What was more, word
was now passed round upon authority that these were the sole remaining
members of the family--that there never had been any Amos or Erasmus
Parmalee at all.

The discovery cast the more heroic of our village home-guards into a
temporary depression. It could hardly have been otherwise, for here were
all their fine and strong resolves, their publicly registered vows
about scowling at the odious Southern sympathizer in the street, about
a “horning” party outside his house at night, about, perhaps, actually
riding him on a rail--all brought to nothing. A less earnest body of men
might have suspected in the situation some elements of the ridiculous.
They let themselves down gently, however, and with a certain dignified
sense of consolation that they had, at all events, shown unmistakably
how they would have dealt with Amos or Erasmus Parmalee if there had
been such a man, and he had moved to Octavius and had ventured to flaunt
his rebel sentiments in their outraged faces.

The village, as a whole, consoled itself on more tangible grounds. It
has been stated that Miss Julia Parmalee arrived at the family homestead
in early January. Before April had brought the buds and birds, this
young woman had become President of the St. Mark’s Episcopal Ladies’ Aid
Society; had organized a local branch of the Sanitary Commission, and
assumed active control of all its executive and clerical functions;
had committed the principal people of the community to holding a grand
festival and fair in May for the Field Hospital and Nurse Fund; had
exhibited in the chief store window on Main Street a crayon portrait of
her late father, and four water-color drawings of European scenery, all
her own handiwork; had published over her signature, in the Thessaly
_Banner of Liberty_, an original and spirited poem on “Pale Columbia,
Shriek to Arms!” which no one could read without patriotic thrills; and
had been reported, on more or less warrant of appearances, to be engaged
to four different young men of the place. Truly a remarkable young

We were only able in a dim kind of way to identify her with one of
the group of girls in white dresses whom the village had stared at and
studied from a distance two years before. There was no mystery about
it, however: she was the youngest of them. They had all looked so much
alike, with their precocious growth, their olive skins and foreign
features, that we were quite surprised to find now that this one,
regarded by herself, must be a great deal younger than the others.
Perhaps it was only our rustic shyness which had imputed to the
sisterhood, in that earlier experience, the hauteur and icy reserve of
the rich and exclusive. We recognized now that if the others were at all
like Julia, we had made an absurd mistake. It was impossible that any
one could be freer from arrogance or pretence than Octavius found her
to be. There were some, indeed, who deemed her emancipation almost too

Some there were, too, who denied that she was beautiful, or even very
good-looking. There is an old daguerreotype of her as she was in those
days--or rather as she seemed to be to the unskilled sunbeams of the
sixties--which gives these censorious people the lie direct. It is true
that her hair is confined in a net at the sides and drawn stiffly across
her temples from the parting. The full throat rises sheer from a flat
horizon of striped dress goods, and is offered no relief whatever by the
wide falling-away collar of coarse lace. And oh! the strangeness of that
frock! The shoulder seams are to be looked for half-way down the upper
arm, the sleeves swell themselves out into shapeless bags, the waist
front might be the cover of a chair, of a guitar, of the documents in
a corporation suit--of anything under the sun rather than the form of
a charming girl. Yet, when you look at this thin old picture, all the
same, you feel that you understand how it was that Julia Parmalee took
the shine out of all the other girls in Octavius.

This is the likeness of her which always seemed to me the best, but
Marsena Pulford made a great many others as well. When you reflect,
indeed, that his output of portraits of Julia Parmalee was limited in
time to the two months of April and May, their number suggests that he
could hardly have done anything else the while.

The first of this large series of pictures was the one which Marsena
liked least. It is true that Julia looked well in it, standing erect,
with a proud, fine backward tilt to her dark face and a delicately
formed white hand resting gracefully on the back of a chair. But it
happened that in that chair was seated Lieut. Dwight Ransom, all spick
and span in his new uniform, with his big gauntlets and sword hilt
brought prominently forward, and with a kind of fatuous smile on his
ruddy face, as if he felt the presence of those fair fingers on the
chair-back, so teasingly close to his shoulder-strap.

Marsena, in truth, had a strong impulse to run a destroying thumbnail
over the seated figure on this plate, when the action of the developer
began to reveal its outlines under the faint yellow light in the
dark-room. Of all the myriad pictures he had washed and drained and
nursed in their wet growth over this tank, no other had ever stirred up
in his breast such a swift and sharp hostility. He lavished the deadly
cyanide upon that portion of the plate, too, with grim unction, and
noted the results with a scornful curl on his lip. Like his partner
downstairs, he was wondering what on earth possessed Miss Parmalee to
take up with a Dwight Ransom.

The frown was still on his brow when he opened the dark-room door. Then
he started back, flushed red, and labored at an embarrassed smile. Miss
Parmalee had left her place, and stood right in front of him, so near
that he almost ran against her. She beamed confidently and reassuringly
upon him.

“Oh, I want to come in and see you do all that,” she exclaimed, with
vivacity. “It didn’t occur to me till after you’d shut the door, or I’d
have asked to come in with you. I have the greatest curiosity about
all these matters. Oh, it is all done? That’s too bad! But you can
make another one--and that I can see from the beginning. You know, I’m
something of an artist myself; I’ve taken lessons for years--and this
all interests me so much! No, Lieutenant!”--she called out from where
she was standing just inside the open door, at sound of her companion’s
rising--“you stay where you are! There’s going to be another, and it’s
such trouble to get you posed properly. Try and keep exactly as you

Thus it happened that she stood very close to Marsena, as he took out
another plate, flooded it with the sweet-smelling, pungent collodion,
and, with furtive precautions against the light, lowered it down into
the silver bath. Then he had to shut the door, and she was still there
just beside him. He heard himself pretending to explain the processes
of the films to her, but his mind was concentrated instead upon a
suggestion of perfume which she had brought into the reeking little
cupboard of a room, and which mingled languorously with the scents
of ether and creosote in the air. He had known her by sight for but a
couple of months; he had been introduced to her only a week or so ago,
and that in the most casual way; yet, strange enough, he could feel his
hand trembling as it perfunctorily moved the plate dipper up and down in
the bath.

A gentle voice fell upon the darkness. “Do you know, Mr. Pulford,” it
murmured, “I felt sure that you were an artist, the very first time I
saw you.”

Marsena heaved a long sigh--a sigh with a tremulous catch in it, as
where sorrow and sweet solace should meet. “I did start out to be one,”
 he answered, “but I--I never amounted to anything at it. I tried for
years, but I wasn’t any good. I had to give it up--at last--and take to
this instead.”

He lifted the plate with caution, bent to look obliquely across its
surface, and lowered it again. Then all at once he turned abruptly and
faced her. They were so close to each other that even in the obscure
gloom she caught the sudden flash of resolution in his eyes.

“I’ll tell you what I never told any other living soul,” he said,
beginning with husky eagerness, but lapsing now into grave deliberation
of emphasis: “I hate--this--like pizen!”

In the silence which followed, Marsena mechanically took the plate from
the bath, fastened it in the holder, and stepped to the door. Then he
halted, to prolong for one little instant this tender spell of magic
which had stolen over him. Here, in the close darkness beside him, was
a sorceress, a siren, who had at a glance read his sore heart’s deepest
secret--at a word drawn the confession of his maimed and embittered
pride. It was like being shut up with an angel, who was also a beautiful
woman. Oh, the wonder of it! Broad sunlit landscapes with Italian skies
seemed to be forming themselves before his mind’s eye; his soul sang
songs within him. He very nearly dropped the plate-holder.

The soft, hovering, half touch of a hand upon his arm, the cool, restful
tones of the voice in the darkness, came to complete the witchery.

“I know,” she said, “I can sympathize with you. I also had my dreams, my
aspirations. But you are wrong to think that you have failed. Why, this
beautiful work of yours, it all is Art--pure Art. No person who really
knows could look at it and not see that. No, Mr. Pulford, you do
yourself an injustice; believe me, you do. Why, you couldn’t help being
an artist if you tried; it’s born in you. It shows in everything you do.
I saw it from the very first.”

The unmistakable sound of Dwight Ransom’s large artillery boots moving
on the floor outside intervened here, and Marsena hurriedly opened the
door. The Lieutenant glanced with good-natured raillery at the couple
who stood revealed, blinking in the sharp light.

“One of my legs got asleep,” he remarked, by way of explanation, “so I
had to get up and stamp around. I began to think,” he added, “that you
folks were going to set up housekeeping in there, and not come out any
more at all.”

“Don’t be vulgar, if you please,” said Julia Par-malee, with a dash of
asperity in what purported to be a bantering tone. “We were talking of
matters quite beyond you--of Art, if you desire to know. Mr. Pulford and
I discover that we have a great many opinions and sentiments about Art
in common. It is a feeling that no one can understand unless they have

“It’s the same with getting one’s leg asleep,” said Dwight, “quite the
same, I assure you;” and then came the laughter which Newton Shull heard


A DAY or two later Battery G left Octavius for the seat of war.

It was not nearly so imposing an event as a good many others which had
stirred the community during the previous twelve months. There were
already two regiments in the field recruited from our end of Dearborn
County, and in these at least six or seven companies were made up wholly
of Octavius men. There had been big crowds, with speeches and music by
the band, to see them off at the old depot.

When they returned, their short term of service having expired, there
were still more fervent demonstrations, to which zest was added by
the knowledge that they were all to enlist again, and then we shortly
celebrated their second departure. Some there were who returned in mute
and cold finality--term of enlistment and life alike cut short--and
these were borne through our streets with sombre martial pageantry, the
long wail of the funeral march reaching out to include the whole valley
side in its note of lamentation. Besides all this, hardly a week passed
that those of us who hung about the station could not see a train full
of troops on their way to or from the South. A year of these experiences
had left us seasoned veterans in sightseeing, by no means to be
fluttered by trifles.

As a matter of fact, the village did not take Battery G very seriously.
To begin with, it mustered only some dozen men, at least so far as our
local contribution went, and there was a feeling that we couldn’t be
expected to go much out of our way for such a paltry number. Then,
again, an artillery force was somehow out of joint with our notion of
what Octavius should do to help suppress the Rebellion. Infantrymen with
muskets we could all understand--could all be, if necessary. Many of the
farmer boys round about, too, made good cavalrymen, because they knew
both how to ride and how to groom a horse. But in the name of all that
was mysterious, why artillerymen? There had never been a cannon within
fifty miles of Octavius; that is, since the Revolution. Certainly none
of our citizens had the least idea how to fire one off. These enlisted
men of Battery G were no better posted than the rest; it would take them
a three days’ journey to reach the point where, for the first time, they
were to see their strange weapon of warfare. This seemed to us rather

Moreover, there was a government proclamation just out, it was said,
discontinuing further enlistments and disbanding the recruiting offices
scattered over the North. This appeared to imply that the war was about
over, or at least that they had more soldiers already than they knew
what to do with. There were some who questioned whether, under these
circumstances, it was worth while for Battery G to go at all.

But go it did, and at the last moment quite a throng of people found
themselves gathered at the station to say good-by. A good many of these
were the relations and friends of the dozen ordinary recruits, who would
not even get their uniforms and swords till they reached Tecumseh. But
the larger portion, I should think, had come on account of Lieutenant

Dwight was hail-fellow-well-met with more people within a radius of
twenty miles or so, probably, than any other man in the district. He was
a goodlooking young man, rather stocky in build and deeply sunburned.
Through the decent months of the year he was always out of doors, either
tramping over the country with a level over his shoulder, or improving
the days with a shotgun or fishpole. At these seasons he was generally
to be found of an evening at the barber’s shop, where he told more new
stories than any one else. When winter came his chief work was in his
office, drawing maps and plans. He let his beard grow then, and spent
his leisure for the most part playing checkers at the Excelsior Hotel.

His habitual free-and-easy dress and amiable laxity of manners tended to
obscure in the village mind the facts that he came from one of the best
families of the section, that he had been through college, and that he
had some means of his own. His mother and sisters were very respectable
people indeed, and had one of the most expensive pews in the Episcopal
church. It was not observed, however, that Dwight ever accompanied them
thither or that he devoted much of his time to their society at home.
It began to be remarked, here and there, that it was getting to be about
time for Dwight Ransom to steady down, if he was ever going to. Although
everybody liked him and was glad to see him about, an impression was
gradually shaping itself that he never would amount to much.

All at once Dwight staggered the public consciousness by putting on his
best clothes one Sunday and going with his folks to church. Those who
saw him on the way there could not make it out at all, except on
the hypothesis that there had been a death in the family. Those who
encountered him upon his return from the sacred edifice, however,
found a clue to the mystery ready made. He was walking home with Julia

There were others whose passionate desire it was to walk home with
Julia. They had been enlivening Octavius with public displays of their
rivalry for something like two months when Dwight appeared on the scene
as a competitor. Easy-going as he was in ordinary matters, he revealed
himself now to be a hustler in the Courts of love. It took him but a
single day to drive the teller of the bank from the field. The Principal
of the Seminary, a rising young lawyer, and the head bookkeeper at the
freight-house, severally went by the board within a fortnight.

There remained old Dr. Conger’s son Emory, who was of a tougher fibre
and gave Dwight several added weeks of combat. He enjoyed the advantage
of having nothing whatever to do. He possessed, moreover, a remarkably
varied wardrobe and white hands, and loomed unique among the males of
our town in his ability to play on the piano. With such aids a young
man may go far in a quiet neighborhood, and for a time Emory Conger
certainly seemed to be holding his own, if not more. His discomfiture,
when it came, was dramatic in its swift completeness. One forenoon we
saw Dwight on the street in a new and resplendent officer’s uniform,
and learned that he had been commissioned to raise a battery. That
very evening the doctor’s son left town, and the news went round that
Lieutenant Ransom was engaged to Miss Parmalee.

An impression prevailed that Dwight would not have objected to let the
matter rest there. He had gained his point, and might well regard the
battery and the war itself as things which had served their purpose
and could now be dispensed with. No one would have blamed him much for
feeling that way about it.

But this was not Julia’s view. She adopted the battery for her own while
it was still little more than a name, and swept it forward with such
a swirling rush of enthusiasm that the men were all enlisted, the
organization settled, and the date of departure for the front sternly
fastened, before anybody could lay a hand to the brakes. Her St. Mark’s
Ladies’ Aid Society presented Dwight with a sword. Her branch of the
Sanitary Commission voted to entertain the battery with a hot meal in
the depot yard before it took the train. We have seen how she went and
had herself photographed standing proudly behind the belted and martial
Dwight. After these things it was impossible for Battery G to back out.

The artillerymen had a bright blue sky and a warm sunlit noontide for
their departure. Even the most cynical of those who had come to see them
off yielded toward the end to the genial influence of the weather and
the impulse of good-fellowship, and joined in the handshaking at the car
windows, and in the volley of cheers which were raised as the train drew
slowly out of the yard.

At this moment the ladies of the Sanitary Commission had to bestir
themselves to save the remnant of oranges and sandwiches on their
tables from the swooping raid of the youth of Octavius, and, what with
administering cuffs and shakings, and keeping their garments out of
the way of coffee-cups overturned in the scramble, had no time to watch
Julia Parmalee.

The men gathered in the yard kept her steadily in view, however, as she
stood prominently in front of the throng, on the top of a baggage truck,
and waved her handkerchief until the train had dwindled into nothingness
down the valley. These observers had an eye also on three young men
who had got as near this truck as possible. Interest in Dwight and
his battery was already giving place to curiosity as to which of these
three--the bank-teller, the freight-house clerk, or the rising young
lawyer--would win the chance of helping Julia down off her perch.

No one was prepared for what really happened.

Miss Parmalee turned and looked thoughtfully, one might say
abstractedly, about her. Somehow she seemed not to see any of the hands
which were eagerly uplifted toward her. Instead, her musing gaze roved
lightly over the predatory scuffle among the tables, over the ancient
depot building, over the assembled throng of citizens in the background,
then wandered nearer, with the pretty inconsequence of a butterfly’s
flight. Of course it was the farewell to Dwight which had left that
soft, rosy flush in her dark, round cheeks. The glance that she was
sending idly fluttering here and there did not seem so obviously
connected with the Lieutenant. Of a sudden it halted and went into a

“Oh, Mr. Pulford! May I trouble you?” she said in very distinct tones,
bending forward over the edge of the truck, and holding forth two white
and most shapely hands.

Marsena was standing fully six feet away. Like the others, he had been
looking at Miss Parmalee, but with no hint of expectation in his eyes.
This abrupt summons seemed to surprise him even more than it did the
crowd. He started, changed color, fixed a wistful, almost pleading stare
upon the sunlit vacancy just above the head of the enchantress, and
confusedly fumbled with his glove tips, as if to make bare his hands for
this great function. Then, straightening himself, he slowly moved toward
her like one in a trance.

The rivals edged out of Marsena’s way in dum-founded silence, as if he
had been walking in his sleep, and waking were dangerous. He came up,
made a formal bow, and lifted his gloved hands in chivalrous pretence
of guiding the graceful little jump which brought Miss Parmalee to
the ground--all with a pale, motionless face upon which shone a solemn

It was Marsena’s habit, when out of doors, to carry his right hand in
the breast of his frock-coat. As he made an angle of his elbow now, from
sheer force of custom, Julia promptly took the movement as a proffer
of physical support, and availed herself of it. Marsena felt himself
thrilling from top to toe at the touch of her hand upon his sleeve. If
there rose in his mind an awkward consciousness that this sort of
thing was unusual in Octavius by daylight, the embarrassment was only
momentary. He held himself proudly erect, and marched out of the depot
yard with Miss Parmalee on his arm.

As Homer Sage remarked that evening on the stoop of the Excelsior Hotel,
this event made the departure of Battery G seem by comparison very small
potatoes indeed.

It was impossible for the twain not to realize that everybody was
looking at them, as they made their way up the shady side of the main
street. But there is another language of the hands than that taught
in deaf-mute schools, and Julia’s hand seemed to tell Marsena’s arm
distinctly that she didn’t care a bit. As for him, after that first
nervous minute or two, the experience was all joy--joy so profound and
overwhelming that he could only ponder it in dazzled silence. It is true
that Julia was talking--rattling on with sprightly volubility about all
sorts of things--but to Marsena her remarks no more invited answers
than does so much enthralling music. When she stopped for a breath he
did not remember what she had been saying. He only knew how he felt.

“I wish you’d come straight to the gallery with me,” he said; “I’d like
first-rate to make a real picture of you--by yourself.”


“Well, I swow!” remarked Mr. Newton Shull, along in the later afternoon;
“I didn’t expect we’d make our salt to-day, with Marsena away pretty
near the whole forenoon, and all the folks down to the depot, and here
it turns out way the best day we’ve had yet. Actually had to send people

“Guess that didn’t worry him much,” commented the boy, from where he sat
on the work-bench swinging his legs in idleness.

Mr. Shull nodded his head suggestively. “No, I dare say not,” he said.
“I kind o’ begrudge not bein’ an operator myself, when such setters as
that come in. She must have been up there a full two hours--them two
all by themselves--and the countrymen loafin’ around out in the
reception-room there, stompin’ their feet and grindin’ their teeth, jest
tired to death o’ waitin’. It went agin my grain to tell them last two
lots they’d have to come some other day; but--I dunno--perhaps it’s
jest as well. They’ll go and tell it around that we’ve got more’n we can
do--and that’s good for business. But, all the same, it seemed to me as
if he took considerable more time than was really needful. He can turn
out four farmers in fifteen minutes, if he puts on a spurt; and here he
was a full two hours, and only five pictures of her to show for it.”

“Six,” said the boy.

“Yes, so it was--countin’ the one with her hair let down,” Mr. Shull
admitted. “I dunno whether that one oughtn’t to be a little extry. I
thought o’ tellin’ her that it would be, on account of so much hair
consumin’ more chemicals; but--I dunno--somehow--she sort o’ looked as
if she knew better. Did you ever notice them eyes o’ hern, how they look
as if they could see straight through you, and out on the other side?”

The boy shook his head. “I don’t bother my head about women,” he said.
“Got somethin’ better to do.”

“Guess that’s a pretty good plan too,” mused Mr. Shull. “Somehow you
can’t seem to make ’em out at all. Now, I’ve been around a good deal,
and yet somehow I don’t feel as if I knew much about women. I’m bound
to say, though,” he added upon reflection, “they know considerable about

“I suppose the first thing we know now,” remarked the boy, impatiently
changing the subject, “McClellan ’ll be in Richmond. They say it’s liable
to happen now any day.”

Newton Shull was but a lukewarm patriot. “They needn’t hurry on my
account,” he said. “It would be kind o’ mean to have the whole thing
fizzle out now, jest when the picture business has begun to amount to
something. Why, we must have took in up’ards of $11 to-day--frames
and all--and two years ago we’d ’a’ been lucky to get in $3. Let’s see:
there’s two fifties and five thirty-fives, that’s $2.75, and the Dutch
boy with the drum, that’s $3.40, counting the mat, and then there’s Miss
Parmalee--four daguerreotypes, and two negatives, and small frames for
each, and two large frames for crayons she’s going to do herself, and
cord and nails--I suppose she’ll think them ought to be thrown in--”

“What! didn’t you make her pay in advance?” asked the boy. “I thought
everybody had to.”

“You got to humor some folks,” explained Mr. Shull, with a note of
regret in his voice. “These big bugs with plenty o’ money always have to
be waited on. It ain’t right, but it has to be. Besides, you can always
slide on an extra quarter or so when you send in the bill. That sort o’
evens the thing up. Now, in her case, for instance, where we’d charge
ordinary folks a dollar for two daguerreotypes, we can send her in a
bill for--”

Neither Mr. Shull nor the boy had heard Mar-sena’s descending steps on
the staircase, yet at this moment he entered the little work-room and
walked across it to the bay window, where the printing was done. There
was an unusual degree of abstraction in his face and mien--unusual even
for him--and he drummed absent-mindedly on the panes as he stood looking
out at the street or the sky, or ‘whatever it was his listless gaze

“How much do you think it ’ud be safe to stick Miss Parmalee apiece
for them daguerreotypes?” asked Newton Shull of his partner.

Marsena turned and stared for a moment as if he doubted having heard
aright. Then he made curt answer: “She is not to be charged anything at
all. They were made for her as presents.”

It was the other partner’s turn to stare.

“Well, of course--if you say it’s all right,” he managed to get out,
“but I suppose on the frames we can--”

“The frames are presents, too,” said Marsena, with decision.


During the fortnight or three weeks following the departure of Battery
G it became clear to every one that the war was as good as over. It had
lasted already a whole year, but now the end was obviously at hand. The
Union army had the Rebels cooped up in Yorktown--the identical place
where the British had been compelled to surrender at the close of the
Revolution--and it was impossible that they should get away. The very
coincidence of locality was enough in itself to convince the most

We read that Fitz John Porter had a balloon fastened by a rope, in
which he daily went up and took a look through his field-glasses at the
Rebels, all miserably huddled together in their trap, awaiting their
doom. Our soldiers wrote home now that final victory could only be a
matter of a few weeks, or months at the most. Some of them said they
would surely be home by haying time. Their letters no longer dwelt upon
battles, or the prospect of battles, but gossiped about the jealousies
and quarrels among our generals, who seemed to dislike one another
much more than they did the common enemy, and told us long and quite
incredible tales about the mud in Virginia. No soldier’s letter that
spring was complete without a chapter on the mud. There were many
stories about mules and their contraband drivers being bodily sunk out
of sight in these weltering seas of mire, and of new boots being made
for the officers to come up to their armpits, which we hardly knew
whether to believe or not. But about the fact that peace was practically
within view there could be no doubt.

Under the influence of this mood, Miss Parma-lee’s ambitious project for
a grand fair and festival in aid of the Field Hospital and Nurse Fund
naturally languished. If the war was coming to a close so soon, there
could be no use in going to so much worry and trouble, to say nothing of
the expense.

Miss Julia seemed to take this view of it herself. She ceased active
preparations for the fair, and printed in the Thessaly _Banner of
Liberty_ a beautiful poem over her own name entitled “The Dovelike
Dawn of White-winged Peace.” She also got herself some new and summery
dresses, of gay tints and very fashionable form, and went to be
photographed in each. Her almost daily presence at the gallery came,
indeed, to be a leading topic of conversation in Octavius. Some
said that she was taking lessons of Marsena--learning to make
photographs--but others put a different construction on the matter and
winked as they did so.

As for Marsena, he moved about the streets these days with his head
among the stars, in a state of rapt and reverent exaltation. He had
never been what might be called a talker, but now it was as much as the
best of us could do to get any kind of word from him. He did not seem to
talk to Julia any more than to the general public, but just luxuriated
with a dumb solemnity of joy in her company, sitting sometimes for hours
beside her on the piazza of the Parmalee house, or focusing her pretty
image with silent delight on the ground glass of his best camera day
after day, or walking with her, arm in arm, to the Episcopal church
on Sundays. He had always been a Presbyterian before, but now he
bore himself in the prominent Parmalee pew at St. Mark’s with stately
correctness, rising, kneeling, seating himself, just as the others did,
and helping Miss Julia hold her Prayer Book with an air of having known
the ritual from childhood.

No doubt a good many people felt that all this was rough on the absent
Dwight Ransom, and probably some of them talked openly about it; but
interest in this aspect of the case was swallowed up in the larger
attention now given to Marsena Pulford himself. It began to be reported
that he really came of an extraordinarily good family in New England,
and that an uncle of his had been in Congress. The legend that he had
means of his own did not take much root, but it was admitted that he
must now be simply coining money. Some went so far as to estimate his
annual profits as high as $1,500, which sounded to the average Octavian
like a dream. It was commonly understood that he had abandoned an
earlier intention to buy a house and lot of his own, and this clearly
seemed to show that he counted upon going presently to live in the
Parmalee mansion. People speculated with idle curiosity as to the
likelihood of this coming to pass before the war ended and Battery G
returned home.

Suddenly great and stirring news fell upon the startled North and set
Octavius thrilling with excitement, along with every other community far
and near. It was in the first week or so of May that the surprise came;
the Rebels, whom we had supposed to be securely locked up in Yorktown,
with no alternative save starvation or surrender, decided not to
remain there any longer, and accordingly marched comfortably off in the
direction of Richmond!

Quick upon the heels of this came tidings that the Union army was in
pursuit, and that there had been savage fighting with the Confederate
rear-guard at Williamsburg. The papers said that the war, so far from
ending, must now be fought all over again. The marvellous story of
the Monitor and Merrimac sent our men folks into a frenzy of patriotic
fervor. Our women learned with sinking hearts that the new corps which
included our Dearborn County regiments was to bear the brunt of the
conflict in this changed order of things. We were all off again in a
hysterical whirl of emotions--now pride, now horror, now bitter wrath on

In the middle of all this the famous Field Hospital and Nurse Fund Fair
was held. The project had slumbered the while people thought peace so
near. It sprang up with renewed and vigorous life the moment the echo of
those guns at Williamsburg reached our ears. And of course at its head
was Julia Parmalee.

It would take a long time and a powerful ransacking of memory to
catalogue the remarkable things which this active young woman did toward
making that fair the success it undoubtedly was. Even more notable were
the things which she coaxed, argued, or shamed other folks into doing
for it. Years afterward there were old people who would tell you that
Octavius had never been quite the same place since.

For one thing, instead of the Fireman’s Hall, with its dingy aspect and
somewhat rowdyish associations, the fair was held in the Court House,
and we all understood that Miss Julia had been able to secure this favor
on account of her late uncle, the Judge, when any one else would have
been refused. It was under her tireless and ubiquitous supervision that
this solemn old interior now took on a gay and festal face. Under the
inspiration of her glance the members of the Fire Company and the Alert
Baseball Club vied with each other in borrowing flags and hanging them
from the most inaccessible and adventurous points. The rivalry between
the local Freemasons and Odd Fellows was utilized to build contemporary
booths at the sides and down the centre--on a floor laid over the
benches by the Carpenters’ Benevolent Association. The ladies’
organizations of the various churches, out of devotion to the Union and
jealousy of one another, did all the rest.

At the sides were the stalls for the sale of useful household articles,
and sedate and elderly matrons found themselves now dragged from the
mild obscurity of homes where they did their own work, and thrust
forward to preside over the sales in these booths, while thrifty, not
to say penurious, merchants came and stood around and regarded with
amazement the merchandise which they had been wheedled into contributing
gratis out of their own stores. The suggestion that they should now
buy it back again paralyzed their faculties, and imparted a distinct
restraint to the festivities at the sides of the big court-room.

In the centre was a double row of booths for the sale of articles not so
strictly useful, and here the young people congregated. All the girls
of Octavius seemed to have been gathered here--the pretty ones and the
plain ones, the saucy ones and the shy, the maidens who were “getting
along” and the damsels not yet out of their teens. Stiff, spreading
crinolines brushed juvenile pantalettes, and the dark head of long,
shaving-like ringlets contrasted itself with the bold waterfall of
blonde hair. These girls did not know one another very well, save by
little groups formed around the nucleus of a church association, and
very few of them knew Miss Par-malee at all, except, of course, by
sight. But now, astonishing to relate, she recognized them by name as
old friends, shook hands warmly right and left, and blithely set them
all to work and at their ease. The idea of selling things to young men
abashed them by its weird and unmaidenly novelty. She showed them how it
should be done--bringing forward for the purpose a sheepishly obstinate
drugstore clerk, and publicly dragooning him into paying eighty cents
for a leather dog-collar, despite his protests that he had no dog and
hated the whole canine species, and could get such a strap as that
anywhere for fifteen cents--all amid the greatest merriment. Her
influence was so pervasive, indeed, that even the nicest girls soon got
into a state of giggling familiarity with comparative strangers, which
gave their elders concern, and which in some cases it took many months
to straighten out again. But for the time all was sparkling gaiety. On
the second and final evening, after the oyster supper, the Philharmonics
played and a choir of girls sang patriotic songs. Then the gas was
turned down and the stereopticon show began.

As the last concerted achievement of the firm of Pulford & Shull,
this magic-lantern performance is still remembered. The idea of it,
of course, was Julia’s. She suggested it to Marsena, and he gladly
volunteered to make any number of positive plates from appropriate
pictures and portraits for the purpose. Then she pressed Newton Shull
into the service to get a stereopticon on hire, to rig up the platform
and canvas for it, and finally to consent to quit his post among the
Philharmonics when the music ceased, and to go off up into the gallery
to work the slides. He also, during Marsena’s absence one day, made a
slide on his own account.

Mr. Shull had not taken very kindly to the idea when Miss Julia first
broached it to him.

“No, I don’t know as I ever worked a stereopticon,” he said, striving to
look with cold placidity into the winsome and beaming smile with which
she confronted him one day out in the reception-room. She had never
smiled at him before or pretended even to know his name. “I guess you’d
better hire a man up from Tecumseh to bring the machine and run it

“But you can do it so much better, my dear Mr. Shull!” she urged. “You
do everything so much better! Mr. Pulford often says that he never
knew such a handyman in all his life. It seems that there is literally
nothing that you can’t do--except--perhaps--refuse a lady a great
personal favor.”

Miss Julia put this last so delicately, and with such a pretty little
arch nod of the head and turn of the eyes, that Newton Shull surrendered
at discretion. He promised everything on the spot, and he kept his word.
In fact, he more than kept it.

The great evening came, as I have said, and when the lights were turned
down to extinction’s verge those who were nearest the front could
distinguish the vacant chair which Mr. Shull had been occupying, with
his bass viol leaning against it. They whispered from one to another
that he had gone up in the gallery to work this new-fangled contrivance.
Then came a flashing broad disk of light on the screen above the judges’
bench, a spreading sibilant murmur of interest, and the show began.

It was an oddly limited collection of pictures--mainly thin and feeble
copies of newspaper engravings, photographic portraits, and ideal heads
from the magazines. Winfield Scott followed in the wake of Kossuth, and
Garibaldi led the way for John C. Frémont and Lola Montez. There was
applause for the long, homely, familiar face of Lincoln, and a derisive
snicker for the likeness of Jeff Davis turned upside down. Then came
local heroes from the district round about--Gen. Boyce, Col. McIntyre,
and young Adjt. Heron, who had died so bravely at Ball’s Bluff--mixed
with some landscapes and statuary, and a comic caricature or two. The
rapt assemblage murmured its recognitions, sighed its deeper emotions,
chuckled over the funny plates--deeming it all a most delightful
entertainment. From time to time there were long hitches, marked by a
curious spluttering noise above, and the abortive flashes of meaningless
light on the screen, and the explanation was passed about in undertones
that Mr. Shull was having difficulties with the machine.

It was after the longest of these delays that, all at once, an extremely
vivid picture was jerked suddenly upon the canvas, and, after a few
preliminary twitches, settled in place to stare us out of countenance.
There was no room for mistake. It was the portrait of Miss Julia
Parmalee standing proudly erect in statuesque posture, with one hand
resting on the back of a chair, and seated in this chair was Lieut.
Dwight Ransom, smiling amiably.

There was a moment’s deadly hush, while we gazed at this unlooked-for
apparition. It seemed, upon examination, as if there was a certain irony
in the Lieutenant’s grin. Some one in the darkness emitted an abrupt
snort of amusement, and a general titter arose, hung in the air for an
awkward instant, and then was drowned by a generous burst of applause.
While the people were still clapping their hands the picture was
withdrawn from the screen, and we heard Newton Shull call down from his
perch in the gallery:

“You kin turn up the lights now. They ain’t no more to this.”

In another minute we were sitting once again in the broad glare of
the gaslight, blinking confusedly at one another, and with a dazed
consciousness that something rather embarrassing had happened. The
boldest of us began to steal glances across to where Miss Parmalee and
Marsena sat, just in front of the steps to the bench.

What Miss Julia felt was beyond guessing, but there she was, at any
rate, bending over and talking vivaciously, all smiles and collected
nerves, to a lady two seats removed. But Marsena displayed no such
presence of mind. He sat bolt upright, with an extraordinarily white
face and a drooping jaw, staring fixedly at the empty canvas on the
wall before him. Such absolute astonishment was never depicted on human
visage before.

Perhaps from native inability to mind his own business, perhaps with a
kindly view of saving an anxious situation, the Baptist minister rose
now to his feet, coughed loudly to secure attention, and began some
florid remarks about the success of the fair, the especial beauty of the
lantern exhibition they had just witnessed, and the felicitous way
in which it had terminated with a portrait of the beautiful and
distinguished young lady to whose genius and unwearying efforts they
were all so deeply indebted. In these times of national travail and
distress, he said, there was a peculiar satisfaction in seeing her
portrait accompanied by that of one of the courageous and noble young
men who had sprung to the defence of their country. The poet had
averred, he continued, that none but the brave deserved the fair, and so
on, and so on.

Miss Julia listened to it all with her head on one side and a modestly
deprecatory half-smile on her face. At its finish she rose, turned to
face everybody, made a pert, laughing little bow, and sat down again,
apparently all happiness. But it was noted that Marsena did not take his
pained and fascinated gaze from that mocking white screen on the wall
straight in front.


They walked in silence that evening to almost the gate of the Parmalee
mansion. Julia had taken his arm, as usual; but Marsena could not but
feel that the touch was different. It was in the nature of a relief to
him that for once she did not talk. His heart was too sore, his brain
too bewildered, for the task of even a one-sided conversation, such as
theirs was wont to be. Then all at once the silence grew terrible to
him--a weight to be lifted at all hazards on the instant.

“Shull must have made that last slide himself,” he blurted out. “I never
dreamt of its being made.”

“I thought it came out very well indeed,” remarked Miss Parmalee,
“especially his uniform. You could quite see the eagles on the buttons.
You must thank Mr. Shull for me.”

“I’ll speak to him in the morning about it,” said Marsena, with gloomy
emphasis. He sighed, bit his lip, fixed an intent gaze upon the big
dark bulk of the Parmalee house looming before them, and spoke again.
“There’s something that I want to say to _you_, though, that won’t
keep till morning.” A tiny movement of the hand on his arm was the only
response. “I see now,” Marsena went on, “that I ain’t been making any
real headway with you at all. I thought--well--I don’t know as I
know just what I did think--but I guess now that it was a mistake.”
 Yes--there was a distinct flutter of the little gloved hand. It put a
wild thought into Marsena’s head.

“Would you,” he began boldly--“I never spoke of it before--but would
you--that is, if I was to enlist and go to the war--would that make any
difference?--you know what I mean.”

She looked up at him with magnetic sweetness in her dusky, shadowed
glance. “How can any ablebodied young patriot hesitate at such a time as
this?” she made answer, and pressed his arm.


It was in this same May, not more than a week after the momentous
episode of the Field Hospital and Nurse Fund Fair, that Marsena Pulford
went off to the war.

There was no ostentation about his departure. He had indeed been gone
for a day or two before it became known in Octavius that his absence
from town meant that he had enlisted down at Tecumseh. We learned that
he had started as a common private, but everybody made sure that a man
of his distinguished appearance and deportment would speedily get a
commission. Everybody, too, had a theory of some sort as to the motives
for this sudden and strange behavior of his. These theories agreed
in linking Miss Parmalee with the affair, but there were hopeless
divergencies as to the exact part she played in it. One party held that
Marsena had been driven to seek death on the tented field by despair
at having been given the “mitten.” Others insisted that he had not been
given the “mitten” at all, but had gone because her well-known martial
ardor made the sacrifice of her betrothed necessary to her peace of
mind. A minority took the view which Homer Sage promulgated from his
tilted-back chair on the stoop of the Excelsior Hotel.

“They ain’t nothin’ settled betwixt ’em,” this student of human nature
declared. “She jest dared him to go, and he went. And if you only give
her time, she’ll have the whole male unmarried population of Octavius,
between the ages of sixteen and sixty, down there wallerin’ around in
the Virginny swamps, feedin’ the muskeeters and makin’ a bid for glory.”

But in a few days there came the terribly exciting news of Seven
Pines and Fair Oaks--that first great combat of the revived war in the
East--and we ceased to bother our heads about the photographer and his
love. The enlisting fever sprang up again, and our young men began
to make their way by dozens and scores to the recruiting office at
Tecumseh. There were more farewells, more tears and prayers, not to
mention several funerals of soldiers killed at Hanover Court House,
where that Fifth Corps, which contained most of our volunteers, had its
first spring smell of blood. And soon thereafter burst upon us the awful
sustained carnage of the Seven Days’ fighting, which drove out of
our minds even the recollection that Miss Julia Parmalee herself had
volunteered for active service in the Sanitary Commission, and gone
South to take up her work.

And so July 3d came, bringing with it the bare tidings of that closing
desperate battle of the week at Malvern Hill, and the movement of what
was left of the Army of the Potomac to a safe resting place on the James
River. We were beginning to get the details of local interest by the
slow single wire from Thessaly, and sickening enough they were. The
village streets were filled with silent, horror-stricken crowds. The
whole community seemed to have but a single face, repeated upon the
mental vision at every step--a terrible face with distended, empty eyes,
riven brows, and an open drawn mouth like the old Greek mask of tragedy.

“I swan! I don’t know whether to keep open to-morrow or not,” said Mr.
Newton Shull, for perhaps the twentieth time, as he wandered once again
from the reception-room into the little workshop behind. “In some ways
it’s kind of agin my principles to work on Independence Day--but, then
again, if I thought there was likely to be a good many farmers comin’
into town--”

“They’ll be plenty of ’em cornin’ in,” said the boy, over his
shoulder, “but they’ll steer clear of here.”

“I’m ’fraid so,” sighed Mr. Shull. He advanced a listless step or two
and gazed with dejected apathy at the newspaper map tacked to the wall,
on which the boy was making red and blue crosses with a colored pencil.
“I don’t see much good o’ that,” he said. “Still, of course, if it eases
your mind any--”

“That’s where the fightin’ finished,” observed the boy, pointing to a
big mark on the map. “That’s Malvern Hill there, and here--down where
the river takes the big bend--that’s Harrison’s Landing, where the
army’s movin’ to. See them seven rings? Them are the battles, one each
day, as our men forced their way down through the Chickahominy swamps,
beginnin’ up in the corner with Beaver Dam Creek. If the map was a
little higher it ’ud show the Pamunkey, where they started from. My
uncle says that the whole mistake was in ever abandoning the Pamunkey.”

“Pa-monkey or Ma-monkey,” said Newton Shull, gloomily, “it wouldn’t be
no comfort to me to see it, even on a map. It’s jest taken and busted me
and my business here clean as a whistle. We ain’t paid expenses two
days in a week sence Marseny went. Here I’ve got now so ’t I kin take a
plain, everyday sort o’ picture jest about as well as he did--a little
streakid sometimes, perhaps, and more or less pinholes--but still pretty
middlin’ fair on an average, and then, darn my buttons if they don’t
all stop comin’. It positively don’t seem to me as if there was a single
human bein’ in Dearborn County that ’ud have his picture took as a
gift. All they want now is to have enlargements thrown up from little
likenesses of their men folks that have been killed, and them I don’t
know how to do no more’n a babe unborn.”

“You knew well enough how to make that stere-opticon slide,” remarked
the boy with severity.

“Yes,” mused Mr. Shull, “that darned thing--that made a peck o’ trouble,
didn’t it? I dunno what on earth possessed me; I kind o’ seemed to git
the notion o’ doin’ it into my head all to once ’t, and somehow I never
dreamt of its rilin’ Marseny so; you couldn’t tell that a man ’ud be
so blamed touchy as all that, could you?--and I dunno, like as not he’d
’a’ enlisted anyhow. But I do wish he’d showed me how to make them
pesky enlargements afore he went. If I’d only seen him do one, even
once, I could ’a’ picked the thing up, but I never did. It’s just my

“Say,” said the boy, looking up with a sudden thought, “do you know what
my mother heard yesterday? It’s all over the place that before Marseny
left he went to Squire Schermerhorn’s and made his will, and left
everything he’s got to the Parmalee girl, in case he gits killed. So, if
anything happens she’d be your partner, wouldn’t she?”

Newton Shull stared with surprise. “Well, now, that beats creation,” he
said, after a little. “Somehow you know that never occurred to me, and
yet, of course, that ’ud be jest his style.”

“Yes, sir,” repeated the other, “they say he’s left her every identical

“It’s allus that way in this world,” reflected Mr. Shull, sadly. “Them
that don’t need it one solitary atom, they’re eternally gettin’ every
mortal thing left to ’em. Why, that girl’s so rich already she don’t
know what to do with her money. If I was her, I bet a cooky I wouldn’t
go pikin’ off to the battlefield, doin’ nursin’ and tyin’ on bandages,
and fannin’ men while they were gittin’ their legs cut off. No, sirree;
I’d let the Sanitary Commission scuffle along without me, I can tell
you! A hoss and buggy and a fust-class two-dollar-a-day hotel, and goin’
to the theatre jest when I took the notion--that’d be good enough for

“I suppose the sign then ’ud be ‘Shull & Parmalee,’ wouldn’t it?”
 queried the boy.

“Well, now, I ain’t so sure about that,” said Mr. Shull, thoughtfully.
“It might be that, bein’ a woman, her name ’ud come first, out o’
politeness. But then, of course, most prob’ly she’d want to sell out
instid, and then I’d make the valuation, and she could give me time. Or
she might want to stay in, only on the quiet, you know--what they call a
silent partner.”

“Nobody’d ever call her a silent partner,” observed the boy. “She
couldn’t keep still if she tried.”

“I wouldn’t care how much she talked,” said Mr. Shull, “if she only put
enough more money into the business. I didn’t take much to her, somehow,
along at fust, but the more I’ve seen of her the more I like the cut of
her jib. She’s got ‘go’ in her, that gal has; she jest figures out what
she wants, and then she sails in and gits it. It don’t matter who the
man is, she jest takes and winds him round her little finger. Why,
Marseny, here, he wasn’t no more than so much putty in her hands. I lost
all patience with him. You wouldn’t catch me being run by a woman that

“So far’s I could see,” suggested the other, “she seemed to git pretty
much all she wanted out of you, too. You were dancin’ round, helpin’ her
at the fair there, like a hen on a hot griddle.”

“It was all on his account,” put in the partner, with emphasis. “Jest to
please him; he seemed so much sot on her bein’ humored in everything. I
did feel kind o’ foolish about it at the time--I never somehow believed
much in doin’ work for nothin’--but maybe it was all for the best. If
what they say about his makin’ a will is true, why it won’t do me no
harm to be on good terms with her--in case--in case--”

Mr. Shull was standing at the window, and his idle gaze had been vaguely
taking in the general; prospect of the street below the while he spoke.
At this moment he discovered that some one on the opposite sidewalk was
making vehement gestures to attract his attention. He lifted the sash
and put his head out to listen, but the message came across loud enough
for even the boy inside to hear.

“You’d better hurry round to the telegraph office!” this hoarse,
anonymous voice cried. “Malvern Hill list is a-comin’ in--and they say
your pardner’s been shot--shot bad, too!”

Newton Shull drew in his head and stood for some moments staring
blankly at the map on the wall. “Well, I swan!” he began, with confused
hesitation, “I dunno--it seems to me--well, yes, I guess prob’ly the
best thing ’ll be for her to put more money into the business--yes,
that’s the plan--and we kin hire an operator up from Tecumseh.”

But there was no one to pass an opinion on his project. The boy had
snatched his hat, and could be heard even now dashing his way furiously
down the outer stairs.


The summer dusk had begun to gather before Octavius heard all that was
to be learned of the frightful calamity which had befallen its absent
sons. The local roll of death and disaster from Gaines’s Mill earlier in
the week had seemed incredibly awful. This new budget of horrors from
Malvern was far worse.

“Wa’n’t the rest of the North doin’ anything at all?” a wild-eyed,
dishevelled old farmer cried out in a shaking, half-frenzied shriek
from the press of the crowd round the telegraph office. “Do they
think Dearborn County’s got to suppress this whole damned rebellion

It seemed to the dazed and horrified throng as if some such idea must
be in the minds of the rest of the Union. Surely no other little
community--or big community, either--could have had such a hideous blow
dealt to it as this under which Octavius reeled. The list of the week
for the county, including Gaines’s Mill, showed one hundred and eight
dead outright, and very nearly five hundred more wounded in battle. It
was too shocking for comprehension.

As evening drew on, men gathered the nerve to say to one another that
there was something very glorious in the way the two regiments had been
thrust into the front, and had shown themselves heroically fit for that
grim honor. They tried, too, to extract solace from the news that
the regiments in question had been mentioned by name in the general
despatches as having distinguished themselves and their county above all
the rest--but it was an empty and heart-sickened pretence at best, and
when, about dark, the women folks, who had waited in vain for them to
come home to supper, began to appear on the skirts of the crowd, it was
given up altogether. In after years Octavius got so that it could cheer
those sinister names of Gaines’s Mill and Malvern Hill, and swell with
pride at the memories they evoked. But that evening no one cheered. It
was too terrible.

There was, indeed, a single partial exception to this rule. The regular
service of news had ceased--in those days, before the duplex invention,
the single wire had most melancholy limitations--but the throng still
lingered; and when, in the failing light, the postmaster was seen to
step up again on the chair by the door with a bit of paper in his hand,
a solemn hush ran over the assemblage.

“It is a private telegram sent to me personally,” he explained, in the
loud clear tones of one who had earned his office by years of stump
speaking; “but it is intended for you all, I should presume.”

The silent crowd pushed nearer, and listened with strained attention as
this despatch was read:

               Headquarters Sanitary Commission,

                   Harrison’s Landing, Va., Wednesday Morning.

_To Postmaster Octavius, N. Y.:_

_No words can describe magnificent record soldiers of Dearborn County,
especially Starbuck, made past week. I bless fate which identified my
poor services with such superb heroism. After second sleepless night,
Col. Starbuck now reposing peacefully; doctor says crisis past; he
surely recover, though process be slow. You will learn with pride he
been brevetted Brigadier, fact which it was my privilege to announce
to him last evening. He feebly thanked me, murmuring, “Tell them at

_Julia Parmalee._

In the silence which ensued the postmaster held the paper up and
scanned it narrowly by the waning light. “There is something else,” he
said--“Oh, yes, I see; ‘Franked despatch Sanitary Commission.’ That’s

Another figure was seen suddenly clambering upon the chair, with an arm
around the postmaster for support. It was the teller of the bank. He
waved his free arm excitedly, as he faced the crowd, and cried:

“Our women are as brave as our men! Three cheers for Miss Julia
Parmalee! Hip-hip!”

The loyal teller’s first “Hurrah!” fell upon the air quite by itself.
Perhaps a dozen voices helped him half-heartedly with the second. The
third died off again miserably, and he stepped down off the chair amid a
general consciousness of failure.

“Who the hell is Starbuck?” was to be heard in whispered interrogatory
passed along through the throng. Hardly anybody could answer. Boyce we
knew, and McIntyre, and many others, but Star-buck was a mystery. Then
it was explained that it must be the son of old Alanson Starbuck, of
Juno Mills, who had gone away to Philadelphia seven or eight years
before. He had not enlisted with any Dearborn County regiment, but held
a staff appointment of some kind, presumably in a Pennsylvania command.
We were quite unable to work up any emotion over him.

In fact, the more we thought it over, the more we were disposed to
resent this planting of Starbuck upon us, in the very van of Dearborn
County’s heroes. His father was a rich old curmudgeon, whom no one
liked. The son was nothing to us whatever.

As at last, in the deepening twilight, the people reluctantly began
moving toward home, such conversation as they had the heart for seemed
to be exclusively centred upon Miss Parmalee, and this queer despatch
of hers. Slow-paced, strolling groups wended their way along the main
street, and then up this side thoroughfare and that, passing in every
block some dark and close-shuttered house of mourning, and instinctively
sinking still lower their muffled tones as they passed, and carrying
in their breasts, heaven only knows what torturing loads of anguish and
stricken despair--but finding a certain relief in dwelling, instead,
upon this lighter topic.

One of these groups--an elderly lady in black attire and two younger
women of sober mien--walked apart from the others and exchanged no words
at all until, turning a corner, their way led them past the Parmalee
house. The looming bulk of the old mansion and the fragrant spaciousness
of the garden about it seemed to attract the attention of Mrs. Ransom
and her daughters. They halted as by a common impulse, and fastened a
hostile gaze upon the shadowy outlines of the house and its surrounding

“If Dwight dies of his wound,” the mother said, in a voice all chilled
to calmness, “his murderess will live in there.”

“I always hated her!” said one of the daughters, with a shudder.

“But he isn’t going to die, mamma,” put in the other. “You mustn’t think
of such a thing! You know how healthy he always has been, and this is
only his shoulder. For my part, we may think ourselves very fortunate.
Remember how many have been killed or mortally wounded. It seems as if
half the people we know are in mourning. We get off very lightly with
Dwight only wounded. Did you happen to hear the details about Mr.
Pulford?--you know, the photographer--some one was saying that he was
mortally wounded.”

“She sent him to his death, then, too,” said the elder Miss Ransom,
raising her clenched hand against the black shadow of the house.

“I don’t care about that man,” broke in the mother, icily. “Nobody knows
anything of him, or where he came from. People ran after him because he
was good-looking, but he never seemed to me to know enough to come in
when it rained. If she made a fool of him, it was his own lookout. But
Dwight--my Dwight--!”

The mother’s mannered voice broke into a gasp, and she bent her head
helplessly. The daughters went to her side, and the group passed on into
the darkness.


It was a dark, soft, summer night in Virginia, that of the 1st of July.
After the tropical heat of the day, the air was being mercifully
cooled, here on the hilltop, by a gentle breeze, laden with just a moist
suggestion of the mist rising from the river flats and marshes down
below. It was not Mother Nature’s fault that this zephyr stirring along
the parched brow of the hill did not bear with it, too, the scents of
fruits and flowers, of new-mown hay and the yellow grain in shock, and
minister soothingly to rest and pleasant dreams.

Instead, this breeze, moving mildly in the darkness, was one vile,
embodied stench of sulphur and blood, and pestilential abominations. Go
where you would, there was no escaping this insufferable burden of foul
smells. If they were a horror on the hilltop, they were worse below.

It was one of the occasions on which Man had expended all his powers to
prove his superiority to Nature. The elements in their wildest and
most savage mood could never have wrought such butchery as this. The
vine-wrapped fences, stretching down from the plateau toward the meadow
lands below, were buttressed by piles of dead men, some in butternut,
some in blue. Clumps of stiffened bodies curled supine at the base of
every stump on the fringe of the woodland to the right and among the
tumbled sheaves of grain to the left. Out in the open, the broad,
sloping hillside and the valley bottom lay literally hidden under ridge
upon ridge of smashed and riddled human forms, and the heaped débris of
human battle. The clouds hung thick and close above, as if to keep the
stars from beholding this repellent sample of earth’s titanic beast,
Man, at his worst. An Egyptian blackness was over it all.

At intervals a lightning flash from the crest of the outermost knoll
tore this evil pall of darkness asunder, and then, with a roar and a
scream, a spluttering line of vivid flame would arch its sinister way
across the sky. A thousand little dots of light moved and zigzagged
ceaselessly on the wide expanse of obscurity underneath this crest, and
when the bursts of wrathful fireworks came from overhead it could be
seen that these were lanterns being borne about in and out among the
winrows of maimed and slain. Above all, through all, without even an
instant’s lull, there arose a terrible babel of chorused groans
and prayers and howls and curses. This noise could be heard for
miles--almost as far as the boom of the howitzers above could carry--and
at a distance sounded like the moaning of a storm through a great
pine-forest. Near at hand, it sounded like nothing else this side of

An hour or so after nightfall the battery on the crest of the knoll
stopped firing. The wails and shrieks from the slope below went on all
through the night, and the lanterns of the search parties burned till
the morning sunlight put them out.

Up on the top of the hill--a broad expanse of rolling plateaus--the
scene wore a different aspect. At widely separated points bonfires and
glittering lights showed where some general of the victorious army held
his headquarters in a farm-house; and unless one pried too curiously
about these parts, there were few enough evidences on the summit of the
day’s barbaric doings.

The chief of these houses--a stately and ancient structure, built
in colonial days of brick proudly brought from Europe--had begun the
forenoon of the battle as the headquarters of the Fifth Corps. Then the
General and his staff had reduced their needs to a couple of rooms, to
leave space for wounded men. Then they had moved out altogether, to let
the whole house be used as a hospital. Then as the backwash of calamity
from the line of conflict swelled in size and volume, the stables and
barns had been turned over to the medical staff. Later, as the savage
evening fight went on, tons of new hay had been brought out and
strewn in sheltered places under the open sky to serve as beds for
the sufferers. Before night fell, even these impromptu hospitals were
overtaxed, and rows of stricken soldiers lay on the bare ground.

The day of intelligent and efficient hospital service had not yet
dawned for our army. The breakdown of what service we had had, under the
frightful stress of the battles culminating in this blood-soaked Malvern
Hill, is a matter of history, and it can be viewed the more calmly
now as the collapse of itself brought about an improved condition
of affairs. But at the time it was a woful thing, with a lax and
conflicting organization, insufficient material, a ridiculous lack of
nurses, a mere handful of really competent surgeons and, most of all,
a great crowd of volunteer medical students and ignorant practitioners,
who flocked southward for the mere excitement and practice of sawing,
cutting, slashing right and left. So it was that army surgery lent new
terrors to death on the battle-field in the year 1862.

The sky overhead was just beginning to show the ashen touch of twilight,
when two men lying stretched on the hay in a corner of the smaller
barnyard chanced to turn on their hard couch and to recognize each
other. It was a slow and almost scowling recognition, and at first bore
no fruit of words.

One was in the dress of a lieutenant of artillery, muddy and begrimed
with smoke, and having its right shoulder torn or cut open from collar
to elbow. The man himself had now such a waving, tangled growth of
chestnut beard and so grimly blackened a face, that it would have been
hard to place him as our easy-going, smiling Dwight Ransom.

The new movement had not brought ease, and now, after a few grunts of
pain and impatience, he got himself laboriously up in a sitting posture,
dragged a knapsack within reach up to support his back, and looked at
his companion again.

“I heard that you were down here somewhere,” he remarked, at last. “My
sister wrote me.”

Marsena Pulford stared up at him, made a little nodding motion of the
head, and turned his glance again into the sky straight above. He also
was a spectacle of dry mud and dust, and was bearded to the eyes.

“Where are you hit?” asked Dwight, after a pause.

For answer, Marsena slowly, and with an effort, put a hand to his
breast--to the left, below the heart. “Here, somewhere,” he said, in a
low, drylipped murmur. He did not look at Dwight again, but presently
asked, “Could you fix me--settin’ up--too?”

“I guess so,” responded Dwight. With the help of his unhurt arm he
clambered to his feet and began moving dizzily about among the row of
wounded men to his left. These groaned or snarled at him as he passed
over them, but to this he paid no attention whatever. He returned from
the end of the line, bringing two knapsacks and the battered frame of
a drum, in which some one had been trying to carry water, and with some
difficulty arranged these in a satisfactory heap. Then he knelt, pushed
his arm under Marsena’s shoulders, and lifted him up and backward to the
support. Both men grimaced and winced under the smart of the effort, and
for some minutes sat in silence, with closed eyes.

When they opened them finally it was with a sudden start at the sound
of a woman’s voice. Their ears had for long hours been inured to a
ceaseless din of other noises--an ear-splitting confusion of cannon
and musketry roar from the field less than an eighth of a mile away,
of yelping shells overhead, and of screams and hoarse shouts all about
them. Yet their senses caught this strange note of a woman’s voice as if
it had fallen upon the hush of midnight.

They looked up, and beheld Miss Julia Parmalee!

Upon such a background of heated squalor, dirt, and murderous disorder,
it did not seem surprising to them that this lady should present a
picture of cool, fresh neatness. She wore a snow-white nurse’s cap, and
broad, spotless bands of white linen were crossed over the shoulders of
her pale dove-colored dress. Her dark face, dusky pink at the cheeks,
glowed with a proud excitement. Her big brown eyes swept along the row
of recumbent figures at her feet with the glance of a born conqueror.

“This is not a fit place for him,” she said. “It is absurd to bring a
gentleman--an officer of the headquarters staff--out to such a place as

Then the two volunteers from Octavius saw that behind her were four
men, bearing a laden stretcher, and that at her side was a regimental
hospital steward, who also looked speculatively along the rows of

“It’s the best thing we can do, anyway,” he replied, not over-politely;
“and for that matter, there’s hardly room here.”

“Oh, there’d be no trouble about that,” retorted Miss Julia, calmly. “We
could move any of these people here. The General told me I was always
to do just what I thought best. I am sure that if I could see him now he
would insist at once that Colonel Starbuck should have a bed to himself,
inside the house.”

“I’ll bet he wouldn’t!” said the hospital steward, with emphasis.

“Perhaps you don’t realize,” put in Miss Julia, coldly, “that Colonel
Starbuck is a staff officer--and a friend of mine.”

“I don’t care if he was on all the staffs there are,” said the hospital
steward, “he’s got to take his chance with the rest. And it don’t matter
about his being a friend, either; we ain’t playing favorites much just
now. I don’t see no room here, Miss. You’ll have to take him out in the
open lot there.”

“Oh, never!” protested Miss Julia, vehemently. “It’s disgraceful! Why,
the place is under fire there. I saw them running away from a shell
there only a minute ago. No, if we can’t do anything better, we’ll have
one of these men moved.”

“Well, do something pretty quick!” growled one of the men supporting the

Miss Parmalee had looked two or three times in an absent-minded way at
the two men on the ground nearest her--obviously without recognizing
either of them. There was a definite purpose in the glance she now
bent upon Dwight Ransom--a glance framed in the resourceful smile he
remembered so well.

“You seem to be able to sit up, my man,” she said, ingratiatingly, to
him; “would you be so very kind as to let me have that place for Colonel
Star-buck, here--he is on the headquarters staff--and I am sure we
should be so very much obliged. You will easily get a nice place
somewhere else for yourself. Oh, thank you so much! It is so good of

Suppressing a groan at the pain the movement involved, and without
a word, Dwight lifted himself slowly to his feet, and stepped aside,
waving a hand toward the hay and knapsack in token of their surrender.

Then Miss Julia helped lift from the litter the object of her anxiety.
Colonel Starbuck was of a slender, genteel figure, and had the top
of his head swathed heavily in bandages. He wore long, curly, brown
side-whiskers, and his chin had been shaved that very morning. This was
enough in itself to indicate that he belonged to the headquarters staff,
but the fact was proclaimed afresh by everything else about him--his
speckless uniform, his spick-and-span gauntlets, his carefully polished
boots, the glittering newness of his shoulder-straps, sword scabbard,
buttons, and spurs. It was clear that, whatever else had happened, his
line of communication with the headquarters baggage train had never been

“It is so kind of you!” Miss Parmalee murmured again, when the staff
officer had been helped off the stretcher, and in a dazed and languid
way had settled himself down into the place vacated for him. “Would
you”--she whispered, looking up now, and noting that the hospital
steward and the litter-men had gone away--“would you mind stepping
over to the house, or to one of the tents beyond--you’ll find him
somewhere--and asking Dr. Willoughby to come at once? Tell him it is for
Colonel Starbuck of the headquarters staff, and you’d better mention my
name--Miss Parmalee of the Sanitary Commission. You won’t forget the

“I don’t fancy I shall forget it,” said Dwight, gravely. “I’ve got a
better memory than some.”

Miss Julia caught the tone of voice on the instant, and looked up again
from where she knelt beside the Colonel, with a swift smile.

“Why, it’s Mr. Ransom, I do believe!” she exclaimed. “I should never
have known you with your beard. It’s so good of you to take this
trouble--you always were so obliging! Any one will tell you where Dr.
Willoughby is. He’s the surgeon of the Eighteenth, you know. I’m sure
he’ll come at once--to please me--and time is so precious, you know!”

Without further words, Dwight moved off slowly and unsteadily toward the

Miss Parmalee, seating herself so that some of her mouse-tinted
draperies almost touched the face of Dwight’s companion, unhooked a fan
from her girdle and began softly fanning Colonel Starbuck. “The doctor
won’t be long,” she said, in low, cooing tones, after a little; “do you
feel easier now?”

“I am rather dizzy still, and a little faint,” replied the Colonel,
languorously. “That fanning is so delicious though, that I’m really very
happy. At least I would be if I weren’t nervous about you. You have
been through such tremendous exertions all day--out in the sun, amid all
these horrid sights and this infernal roar--without a parasol, too. Are
you quite sure it has not been too much for you?”

“You are always so thoughtful of others, dear Colonel Starbuck,”
 murmured Miss Julia, reducing the fanning to a gentle, measured
movement, and fixing her lustrous eyes pensively upon the clouds above
the horizon. “You never think of yourself!”

“Only to think how happy my fate is, to be rescued and nursed by an
angel,” sighed the Colonel.

A smile of gentle deprecation played upon Miss Julia’s red lips, and
imparted to her eyes the expression they would wear if they had been
gazing upon a tenderly entrancing vision in the sky. Then, all at once;
she gave a little start of aroused attention, looked puzzled, and after
a moment’s pause bent her head over close to the Colonel’s.

“The man behind me has taken tight hold of my dress,” she whispered,
hurriedly. “I don’t want to turn around, but can you see him? He isn’t
having a fit or anything, is he?”

Colonel Starbuck lifted himself a trifle, and looked across. “No,” he
whispered in return, “he appears to be asleep. Probably he is dreaming.
He is a corporal--some infantry regiment. They do manage to get so--what
shall I say--so unwashed! Shall I move his hand for you?”

Miss Julia shook her head, with an arch little half smile.

“No, poor man,” she murmured. “It gives me almost a sense of the
romantic. Perhaps he is dreaming of home--of some one dear to him.
Corporals do have their romances, you know, as well as--”

“As well as colonels,” the staff officer playfully finished the sentence
for her. “Well, I congratulate him, if his is a thousandth part as
joyful as mine.”

“Oh, then, you have one!” pursued Miss Parma-lee, allowing her eyes
to sparkle for an instant before they were coyly raised again to the
clouds. Darkness was gathering there rapidly.

“Why pretend that you don’t understand?” pleaded Colonel Starbuck--and
there seemed to be no answer forthcoming. The fan moved even more
sedately now, with a tender flutter at the end of each downward sweep.

Presently the preoccupation of the couple--one might not call it silence
in such an unbroken uproar as rose around them and smashed through the
air above--was interrupted by the appearance of a young, sharp-faced
man, who marched straight across the yard toward them and, halting,
spoke hurriedly.

“I was asked specially to come here for a moment,” he said, “but it can
only be a minute. We’re just over our heads in work. What is it?”

Miss Parmalee looked at the young man with a favorless eye. He was
unshaven, dishevelled, brusque of manner and speech. He was bareheaded,
and his unimportant figure was almost hidden beneath a huge, revoltingly
stained apron.

“I asked for my friend, Dr. Willoughby,” she said. “But if he could
not come, I must insist upon immediate attention for Colonel Starbuck
here--an officer of the headquarters staff.”

While she spoke the young surgeon had thrown himself on one knee,
adroitly though roughly lifted the Colonel’s bandages, run an inquiring
finger over his skull, and plumped the linen back again. He sprang to
his feet with an impatient grunt. “Paltry scalp wound,” he snorted.
Then, turning on his heel, he almost knocked against Dwight Ransom, who
had come slowly up behind him. “You had no business to drag me off for
foolishness of this sort,” he said, in vexed tones. “Here are thousands
of men waiting their turn who really need help, and I’ve been working
twenty hours a day for a week, and couldn’t keep up with the work if
every day had two hundred hours. It’s ridiculous!”

Dwight shrugged his unhurt shoulder. “I didn’t ask you for myself,”
 he replied. “I’m quite willing to wait my turn--but the lady here--she
asked me to bring help--”

“It can’t be that this gentleman understands,” put in Miss Julia, “that
his assistance was desired for an officer of the headquarters staff.”

“Madame,” said the young surgeon, “with your permission, damn the
headquarters staff!” and, turning abruptly, he strode off.

“I will go and see the General myself,” exclaimed Miss Parmalee,
flushing with wrath. “I will see whether he will permit the Sanitary
Commission to be affronted in this outrageous--”

She stopped short. Her indignant effort to rise to her feet had been
checked by a hand on the ground, which held firmly in its grasp a
fold of her skirt. She turned, pulled the cloth from the clutch of
the tightened fingers, looked at the hand as it sprawled limply on the
grass, and gave a little, shuddering, half-hysterical laugh. “Mercy me!”
 was what she said.

“You know who it is, don’t you?” asked Dwight Ransom.

The meaning in his voice struck Miss Julia, and she bent a careful
scrutiny through the dusk upon the face of the man stretched out beside
her. His head had slipped sidewise on the knapsack, and his bearded
chin was unnaturally sunk into his collar. Through the grime on his
face could be discerned an unearthly pallor. His wide-opened eyes seemed
staring fixedly, reproachfully, at the hand which had lost its hold upon
Miss Julia’s dress.

“It does seem as if I’d seen the face before somewhere,” she remarked,
“but I don’t appear to place it. It is getting so dark, too. No, I can’t
imagine. Who is it?”

She had risen to her feet and was peering down at the dead man, her
pretty brows knitted in perplexity.

“He recognized you!” said Dwight, with significant gravity. “It’s
Marsena Pulford.”

“Oh, poor man!” exclaimed Julia. “If he’d only spoken to me I would
gladly have fanned him, too. But I was so anxious about the Colonel
here that I never took a fair look at him. I dare say I shouldn’t have
recognized him, even then. Beards do change one so, don’t they!”

Then she turned to Colonel Starbuck and made answer to the inquiry of
his lifted eyebrows.

“The unfortunate man,” she explained, “was our village photographer. I
sat to him for my picture several times. I think I have one of them over
at the Commission tent now.”

“I’ll go this minute and seize it!” the gallant Colonel vowed, getting
to his feet.

“Take care! We unprotected females have a man trap there!” Julia warned
him; but fear did not deter the staff officer from taking her arm and
leaning on it as they walked away in the twilight. Then the night fell,
and Dwight buried Marsena.



Although we had been one man short all day, and there was a plain
threat of rain in the hot air, everybody left the hay-field long before
sundown. It was too much to ask of human nature to stay off in the
remote meadows when such remarkable things were happening down around
the house.

Marcellus Jones and I were in the pasture, watching the dog get the
cows together for the homeward march. He did it so well and, withal, so
willingly, that there was no call for us to trouble ourselves in keeping
up with him. We waited instead at the open bars until the hay-wagon had
passed through, rocking so heavily in the ancient pitch-hole, as it did
so, that the driver was nearly thrown off his perch on the top of
the high load. Then we put up the bars, and fell in close behind the
haymakers. A rich cloud of dust, far ahead on the road, suggested that
the dog was doing his work even too willingly, but for the once we
feared no rebuke. Almost anything might be condoned that day.

Five grown-up men walked abreast down the highway, in the shadow of the
towering wagon mow, clad much alike in battered straw hats, gray
woollen shirts open at the neck, and rough old trousers bulging over the
swollen, creased ankles of thick boots. One had a scythe on his arm; two
others bore forks over their shoulders. By request, Hi Tuckerman allowed
me to carry his sickle.

Although my present visit to the farm had been of only a few days’
duration--and those days of strenuous activity darkened by a terrible
grief--I had come to be very friendly with Mr. Tuckerman. He took a good
deal more notice of me than the others did; and, when chance and leisure
afforded, addressed the bulk of his remarks to me. This favoritism,
though it fascinated me, was not without its embarrassing side. Hi
Tuckerman had taken part in the battle of Gaines’s Mill two years
before, and had been shot straight through the tongue. One could still
see the deep scar on each of his cheeks, a sunken and hairless pit in
among his sandy beard. His heroism in the war and his good qualities as
a citizen had earned for him the esteem of his neighbors, and they saw
to it that he never wanted for work. But their present respect for
him stopped short of the pretence that they enjoyed hearing him
talk. Whenever he attempted conversation, people moved away, or
began boisterous dialogues with one another to drown him out. Being
a sensitive man, he had come to prefer silence to these rebuffs
among those he knew. But he still had a try at the occasional polite
stranger--and I suppose it was in this capacity that I won his heart.
Though I never of my own initiative understood a word he said, Marcellus
sometimes interpreted a sentence or so for me, and I listened to all the
rest with a fraudulently wise face. To give only a solitary illustration
of the tax thus levied on our friendship, I may mention that when Hi
Tuckerman said “_Aak!-ah-aak!-uh_,” he meant “Rappahannock,” and he did
this rather better than a good many words.

“Rappahannock,” alas! was a word we heard often enough in those days,
along with Chickahom-iny and Rapidan, and that odd Chattahoochee, the
sound of which raised always in my boyish mind the notion that the
geography-makers must have achieved it in their baby-talk period. These
strange Southern river names and many more were as familiar to the ears
of these four other untravelled Dearborn County farmers as the noise
of their own shallow Nedahma rattling over its pebbles in the valley
yonder. Only when their slow fancy fitted substance to these names they
saw in mind’s eye dark, sinister, swampy currents, deep and silent, and
discolored with human blood.

Two of these men who strode along behind the wagon were young
half-uncles of mine, Myron and Warren Turnbull, stout, thick-shouldered,
honest fellows not much out of their teens, who worked hard, said
little, and were always lumped together in speech, by their family, the
hired help, and the neighbors, as “the boys.” They asserted themselves
so rarely, and took everything as it came with such docility, that I
myself, being in my eleventh year, thought of them as very young indeed.
Next them walked a man, hired just for the haying, named Philleo, and
then, scuffling along over the uneven humps and hollows on the outer
edge of the road, came Si Hummaston, with the empty ginger-beer pail
knocking against his knees.

As Tuckerman’s “Hi” stood for Hiram, so I assume the other’s “Si” meant
Silas, or possibly Cyrus. I dare say no one, not even his mother, had
ever called him by his full name. I know that my companion, Marcellus
Jones, who wouldn’t be thirteen until after Thanksgiving, habitually
addressed him as Si, and almost daily I resolved that I would do so
myself. He was a man of more than fifty, I should think, tall, lean, and
what Marcellus called “bible-backed.” He had a short iron-gray beard
and long hair. Whenever there was any very hard or steady work going,
he generally gave out and went to sit in the shade, holding a hand flat
over his heart, and shaking his head dolefully. This kept a good many
from hiring him, and even in haying time, when everybody on two legs is
of some use, I fancy he would often have been left out if it hadn’t been
for my grandparents. They respected him on account of his piety and his
moral character, and always had him down when extra work began. He was
said to be the only hired man in the township who could not be goaded
in some way into swearing. He looked at one slowly, with the mild
expression of a heifer calf.

We had come to the crown of the hill, and the wagon started down the
steeper incline, with a great groaning of the brake. The men, by some
tacit understanding, halted and overlooked the scene.

The big old stone farm-house--part of which is said to date almost
to the Revolutionary times--was just below us, so near, indeed, that
Marcellus said he had once skipped a scaling-stone from where we stood
to its roof. The dense, big-leafed foliage of a sap-bush, sheltered in
the basin which dipped from our feet, pretty well hid this roof now from
view. Farther on, heavy patches of a paler, brighter green marked the
orchard, and framed one side of a cluster of barns and stables, at the
end of which three or four belated cows were loitering by the trough.
It was so still that we could hear the clatter of the stanchions as the
rest of the herd sought their places inside the milking-barn.

The men, though, had no eyes for all this, but bent their gaze fixedly
on the road, down at the bottom. For a long way this thoroughfare was
bordered by a row of tall poplars, which, as we were placed, receded
from the vision in so straight a line that they seemed one high, fat
tree. Beyond these one saw only a line of richer green, where the
vine-wrapped rail-fences cleft their way between the ripening fields.

“I’d ’a’ took my oath it was them,” said Philleo. “I can spot them
grays as fur’s I can see ’em. They turned by the school-house there,
or I’ll eat it, school-ma’am ’n’ all. And the buggy was fol-lerin’ ’em,

“Yes, I thought it was them,” said Myron, shading his eyes with his
brown hand.

“But they ought to got past the poplars by this time, then,” remarked

“Why, they’ll be drivin’ as slow as molasses in January,” put in Si
Hummaston. “When you come to think of it, it _is_ pretty nigh the same
as a regular funeral. You mark my words, your father’ll have walked them
grays every step of the road. I s’pose he’ll drive himself--he wouldn’t
trust bringin’ Alvy home to nobody else, would he? I know I wouldn’t, if
the Lord had given _me_ such a son; but then he didn’t!”

“No, He didn’t!” commented the first speaker, in an unnaturally loud
tone of voice, to break in upon the chance that Hi Tuckerman was
going to try to talk. But Hi only stretched out his arm, pointing the
forefinger toward the poplars.

Sure enough, something was in motion down at the base of the shadows
on the road. Then it crept forward, out in the sunlight, and separated
itself into two vehicles. A farm wagon came first, drawn by a team of
gray horses. Close after it came a buggy, with its black top raised.
Both advanced so slowly that they seemed scarcely to be moving at all.

“Well, I swan!” exclaimed Si Hummaston, after a minute, “it’s Dana
Pillsbury drivin’ the wagon after all! Well--I dunno--yes, I guess
that’s prob’bly what I’d ’a’ done too, if I’d b’n your father. Yes, it
does look more correct, his follerin’ on behind, like that. I s’pose
that’s Alvy’s widder in the buggy there with him.”

“Yes, that’s Serena--it looks like her little girl with her,” said
Myron, gravely.

“I s’pose we might’s well be movin’ along down,” observed his brother,
and at that we all started.

We walked more slowly now, matching our gait to the snail-like progress
of those coming toward us. As we drew near to the gate, the three hired
men instinctively fell behind the brothers, and in that position the
group halted on the grass, facing the driveway where it left the main
road. Not a word was uttered by any one. When at last the wagon came up,
Myron and Warren took off their hats, and the others followed suit, all
holding them poised at the level of their shoulders.

Dana Pillsbury, carrying himself rigidly upright on the box-seat,
drove past us with eyes fixed straight ahead, and a face as coldly
expressionless as that of a wooden Indian. The wagon was covered all
over with rubber blankets, so that whatever it bore was hidden. Only
a few paces behind came the buggy, and my grandfather, old Arphaxed
Turnbull, went by in his turn with the same averted, faraway gaze,
and the same resolutely stolid countenance. He held the restive young
carriage horse down to a decorous walk, a single firm hand on the tight
reins, without so much as looking at it. The strong yellow light of the
declining sun poured full upon his long gray beard, his shaven upper
lip, his dark-skinned, lean, domineering face--and made me think of some
hard and gloomy old prophet seeing a vision, in the back part of the Old
Testament. If that woman beside him, swathed in heavy black raiment, and
holding a child up against her arm, was my Aunt Serena, I should never
have guessed it.

We put on our hats again, and walked up the driveway with measured step
behind the carriage till it stopped at the side-piazza stoop. The wagon
had passed on toward the big new red barn--and crossing its course I
saw my Aunt Em, bareheaded and with her sleeves rolled up, going to the
cow-barn with a milking-pail in her hand. She was walking quickly, as if
in a great hurry.

“There’s your Ma,” I whispered to Marcellus, assuming that he would
share my surprise at her rushing off like this, instead of waiting to
say “How-d’-do” to Serena. He only nodded knowingly, and said nothing.

No one else said much of anything. Myron and Warren shook hands in stiff
solemnity with the veiled and craped sister-in-law, when their father
had helped her and her daughter from the buggy, and one of them remarked
in a constrained way that the hot spell seemed to keep up right along.
The newcomers ascended the steps to the open door, and the woman and the
child went inside. Old Arphaxed turned on the threshold, and seemed to
behold us for the first time.

“After you’ve put out the horse,” he said, “I want the most of yeh to
come up to the new barn. Si Hummaston and Marcellus can do the milkin’.”

“I kind o’ rinched my wrist this forenoon,” put in Si, with a note of
entreaty in his voice. He wanted sorely to be one of the party at the
red barn.

“Mebbe milkin’ ’ll be good for it,” said Arphaxed, curtly. “You and
Marcellus do what I say, and keep Sidney with you.” With this he, too,
went into the house.


It wasn’t an easy matter for even a member of the family like myself
to keep clearly and untangled in his head all the relationships which
existed under this patriarchal Turnbull roof.

Old Arphaxed had been married twice. His first wife was the mother of
two children, who grew up, and the older of these was my father, Wilbur
Turnbull. He never liked farm-life, and left home early, not without
some hard feeling, which neither father nor son ever quite forgot. My
father made a certain success of it as a business man in Albany until,
in the thirties, his health broke down. He died when I was seven and,
although he left some property, my mother was forced to supplement this
help by herself going to work as forewoman in a large store. She was
too busy to have much time for visiting, and I don’t think there was
any great love lost between her and the people on the farm; but it was
a good healthy place for me to be sent to when the summer vacation came,
and withal inexpensive, and so the first of July each year generally
found me out at the homestead, where, indeed, nobody pretended to be
heatedly fond of me, but where I was still treated well and enjoyed
myself. This year it was understood that my mother was coming out to
bring me home later on.

The other child of that first marriage was a girl who was spoken of in
youth as Emmeline, but whom I knew now as Aunt Em. She was a silent,
tough-fibred, hard-working creature, not at all goodlooking, but
relentlessly neat, and the best cook I ever knew. Even when the house
was filled with extra hired men, no one ever thought of getting in any
female help, so tireless and so resourceful was Em. She did all the
housework there was to do, from cellar to garret, was continually
lending a hand in the men’s chores, made more butter than the household
could eat up, managed a large kitchen-garden, and still had a good
deal of spare time, which she spent in sitting out in the piazza in a
starched pink calico gown, knitting the while she watched who went up
and down the road. When you knew her, you understood how it was that the
original Turnbulls had come into that part of the country just after the
Revolution, and in a few years chopped down all the forests, dug up all
the stumps, drained the swale-lands, and turned the entire place from a
wilderness into a flourishing and fertile home for civilized people. I
used to feel, when I looked at her, that she would have been quite equal
to doing the whole thing herself.

All at once, when she was something over thirty, Em had up and married a
mowing-machine agent named Abel Jones, whom no one knew anything about,
and who, indeed, had only been in the neighborhood for a week or so. The
family was struck dumb with amazement. The idea of Em’s dallying with
the notion of matrimony had never crossed anybody’s mind. As a girl she
had never had any patience with husking-bees or dances or sleigh-ride
parties. No young man had ever seen her home from anywhere, or had had
the remotest encouragement to hang around the house. She had never been
pretty--so my mother told me--and as she got along in years grew dumpy
and thick in figure, with a plain, fat face, a rather scowling brow, and
an abrupt, ungracious manner. She had no conversational gifts
whatever, and, through years of increasing taciturnity and confirmed
unsociability, built up in everybody’s mind the conviction that, if
there could be a man so wild and unsettled in intellect as to suggest a
tender thought to Em, he would get his ears cuffed off his head for his

Judge, then, how like a thunderbolt the episode of the mowing-machine
agent fell upon the family. To bewildered astonishment there soon enough
succeeded rage. This Jones was a curly-headed man, with a crinkly black
beard like those of Joseph’s brethren in the Bible picture. He had
no home and no property, and didn’t seem to amount to much even as a
salesman of other people’s goods. His machine was quite the worst then
in the market, and it could not be learned that he had sold a single one
in the county. But he had married Em, and it was calmly proposed that he
should henceforth regard the farm as his home. After this point had been
sullenly conceded, it turned out that Jones was a widower, and had a
boy nine or ten years old, named Marcellus, who was in a sort of orphan
asylum in Vermont. There were more angry scenes between father and
daughter, and a good deal more bad blood, before it was finally agreed
that the boy also should come and live on the farm.

All this had happened in 1860 or 1861. Jones had somewhat improved on
acquaintance. He knew about lightning-rods, and had been able to fit out
all the farm buildings with them at cost price. He had turned a little
money now and again in trades with hop-poles, butter-firkins, shingles,
and the like, and he was very ingenious in mending and fixing up odds
and ends. He made shelves and painted the woodwork, and put a tar roof
on the summer kitchen. Even Martha, the second Mrs. Turnbull, came
finally to admit that he was handy about a house.

This Martha became the head of the household while Em was still a little
girl. She was a heavy woman, mentally as well as bodily, rather prone to
a peevish view of things, and greatly given to pride in herself and her
position, but honest, charitable in her way, and not unkindly at heart.
On the whole she was a good stepmother, and Em probably got on quite as
well with her as she would have done with her own mother--even in the
matter of the mowing-machine agent.

To Martha three sons were born. The two younger ones, Myron and Warren,
have already been seen. The eldest boy, Alva, was the pride of the
family, and, for that matter, of the whole section.

Alva was the first Turnbull to go to college. From his smallest boyhood
it had been manifest that he had great things before him, so handsome
and clever and winning a lad was he. Through each of his schooling years
he was the honor man of his class, and he finished in a blaze of glory
by taking the Clark Prize, and practically everything else within reach
in the way of academic distinctions. He studied law at Octavius, in the
office of Judge Schermerhorn, and in a little time was not only that
distinguished man’s partner, but distinctly the more important figure
in the firm. At the age of twenty-five he was sent to the Assembly. The
next year they made him District Attorney, and it was quite understood
that it rested with him whether he should be sent to Congress later on,
or be presented by the Dearborn County bar for the next vacancy on the
Supreme Court bench.

At this point in his brilliant career he married Miss Serena Wadsworth,
of Wadsworth’s Falls. The wedding was one of the most imposing social
events the county had known, so it was said, since the visit of
Lafayette. The Wadsworths were an older family, even, than the
Fairchilds, and infinitely more fastidious and refined. The daughters
of the household, indeed, carried their refinement to such a pitch that
they lived an almost solitary life, and grew to the parlous verge of
old-maidhood simply because there was nobody good enough to marry them.
Alva Turnbull was, however, up to the standard. It could not be said,
of course, that his home surroundings quite matched those of his bride;
but, on the other hand, she was nearly two years his senior, and this
was held to make matters about even.

In a year or so came the war, and nowhere in the North did patriotic
excitement run higher than in this old abolition stronghold of upper
Dearborn. Public meetings were held, and nearly a whole regiment was
raised in Octavius and the surrounding towns alone. Alva Turnbull made
the most stirring and important speech at the first big gathering, and
sent a thrill through the whole country-side by claiming the privilege
of heading the list of volunteers. He was made a captain by general
acclaim, and went off with his company in time to get chased from the
field of Bull Run. When he came home on a furlough in 1863 he was a
major, and later on he rose to be lieutenant-colonel. We understood
vaguely that he might have climbed vastly higher in promotion but for
the fact that he was too moral and conscientious to get on very well
with his immediate superior, General Boyce, of Thessaly, who was
notoriously a drinking man.

It was glory enough to have him at the farm, on that visit of his, even
as a major. His old parents literally abased themselves at his feet,
quite tremulous in their awed pride at his greatness. It made it almost
too much to have Serena there also, this fair, thin-faced, prim-spoken
daughter of the Wadsworths, and actually to call her by her first name.
It was haying time, I remember, but the hired men that year did not
eat their meals with the family, and there was even a question whether
Marcellus and I were socially advanced enough to come to the table,
where Serena and her husband were feeding themselves in state with a
novel kind of silver implement called a four-tined fork. If Em hadn’t
put her foot down, out to the kitchen we should both have gone, I fancy.
As it was, we sat decorously at the far end of the table, and asked with
great politeness to have things passed to us, which by standing up we
could have reached as well as not. It was slow, but it made us feel
immensely respectable, almost as if we had been born Wadsworths

We agreed that Serena was “stuck up,” and Mar-cellus reported Aunt Em
as feeling that her bringing along with her a nursemaid to be waited on
hand and foot, just to take care of a baby, was an imposition bordering
upon the intolerable. He said that that was the sort of thing the
English did until George Washington rose and drove them out. But we both
felt that Alva was splendid.

He was a fine creature physically--taller even than old Arphaxed, with
huge square shoulders and a mighty frame. I could recall him as without
whiskers, but now he had a waving lustrous brown beard, the longest
and biggest I ever saw. He didn’t pay much attention to us boys, it was
true; but he was affable when we came in his way, and he gave Myron and
Warren each a dollar bill when they went to Octavius to see the Fourth
of July doings. In the evening some of the more important neighbors
would drop in, and then Alva would talk about the war, and patriotism,
and saving the Union, till it was like listening to Congress itself. He
had a rich, big voice which filled the whole room, so that the hired men
could hear every word out in the kitchen; but it was even more affecting
to see him walking with his father down under the poplars, with his
hands making orator’s gestures as he spoke, and old Arphaxed looking at
him and listening with shining eyes.

Well, then, he and his wife went away to visit her folks, and then we
heard he had left to join his regiment. From time to time he wrote
to his father--letters full of high and loyal sentiments, which were
printed next week in the Octavius _Transcript_, and the week after in
the Thessaly _Banner of Liberty_. Whenever any of us thought about the
war--and who thought much of anything else?--it was always with Alva as
the predominant figure in every picture.

Sometimes the arrival of a letter for Aunt Em, or a chance remark about
a broken chair or a clock hopelessly out of kilter, would recall for
the moment the fact that Abel Jones was also at the seat of war. He had
enlisted on that very night when Alva headed the roll of honor, and
he marched away in Alva’s company. Somehow he got no promotion, but
remained in the ranks. Not even the members of the family were shown the
letters Aunt Em received, much less the printers of the newspapers. They
were indeed poor misspelled scrawls, about which no one displayed any
interest or questioned Aunt Em. Even Marcellus rarely spoke of his
father, and seemed to share to the full the family’s concentration of
thought upon Alva.

Thus matters stood when spring began to play at being summer in the year
of ‘64. The birds came and the trees burst forth into green, the sun
grew hotter and the days longer, the strawberries hidden under the big
leaves in our yard started into shape, where the blossoms had been,
quite in the ordinary, annual way, with us up North. But down where
that dread thing they called “The War” was going on, this coming of warm
weather meant more awful massacre, more tortured hearts, and desolated
homes, than ever before. I can’t be at all sure how much later reading
and associations have helped out and patched up what seem to be my
boyish recollections of this period; but it is, at all events, much
clearer in my mind than are the occurrences of the week before last.

We heard a good deal about how deep the mud was in Virginia that spring.
All the photographs and tin-types of officers which found their way
to relatives at home, now, showed them in boots that came up to their
thighs. Everybody understood that as soon as this mud dried up a little,
there was to be most terrific doings. The two great lines of armies
lay scowling at each other, still on that blood-soaked fighting ground
between Washington and Richmond where they were three years before.
Only now things were to go differently. A new general was at the head
of affairs, and he was going in, with jaws set and nerves of steel, to
smash, kill, burn, annihilate, sparing nothing, looking not to right or
left, till the red road had been hewed through to Richmond. In the first
week of May this thing began--a push forward all along the line--and the
North, with scared eyes and fluttering heart, held its breath.

My chief personal recollection of these historic forty days is that one
morning I was awakened early by a noise in my bedroom, and saw my
mother looking over the contents of the big chest of drawers which stood
against the wall. She was getting out some black articles of apparel.
When she discovered that I was awake, she told me in a low voice that my
Uncle Alva had been killed. Then a few weeks later my school closed, and
I was packed off to the farm for the vacation. It will be better to tell
what had happened as I learned it there from Marcellus and the others.

Along about the middle of May, the weekly paper came up from Octavius,
and old Arphaxed Turnbull, as was his wont, read it over out on the
piazza before supper. Presently he called his wife to him, and showed
her something in it. Martha went out into the kitchen, where Aunt Em was
getting the meal ready, and told her, as gently as she could, that there
was very bad news for her; in fact, her husband, Abel Jones, had been
killed in the first day’s battle in the Wilderness, something like a
week before. Aunt Em said she didn’t believe it, and Martha brought in
the paper and pointed out the fatal line to her. It was not quite clear
whether this convinced Aunt Em or not. She finished getting supper, and
sat silently through the meal, afterwards, but she went upstairs to her
room before family prayers. The next day she was about as usual, doing
the work and saying nothing. Marcellus told me that to the best of his
belief no one had said anything to her on the subject. The old people
were a shade more ceremonious in their manner toward her, and “the boys”
 and the hired men were on the lookout to bring in water for her from the
well, and to spare her as much as possible in the routine of chores, but
no one talked about Jones. Aunt Em did not put on mourning. She made
a black necktie for Marcellus to wear to church, but stayed away from
meeting herself.

A little more than a fortnight afterwards, Myron was walking down the
road from the meadows one afternoon, when he saw a man on horseback
coming up from the poplars, galloping like mad in a cloud of dust.
The two met at the gate. The man was one of the hired helps of the
Wadsworths, and he had ridden as hard as he could pelt from the Falls,
fifteen miles away, with a message, which now he gave Myron to read.
Both man and beast dripped sweat, and trembled with fatigued excitement.
The youngster eyed them, and then gazed meditatively at the sealed
envelope in his hand.

“I s’pose you know what’s inside?” he asked, looking up at last.

The man in the saddle nodded, with a tell-tale look on his face, and
breathing heavily.

Myron handed the letter back, and pushed the gate open. “You’d better go
up and give it to father yourself,” he said. “I ain’t got the heart to
face him--jest now, at any rate.”

Marcellus was fishing that afternoon, over in the creek which ran
through the woods. Just as at last he was making up his mind that it
must be about time to go after the cows, he saw Myron sitting on a
log beside the forest path, whittling mechanically, and staring at the
foliage before him, in an obvious brown study. Marcellus went up to him,
and had to speak twice before Myron turned his head and looked up.

“Oh! it’s you, eh, Bubb?” he remarked dreamily, and began gazing once
more into the thicket.

“What’s the matter?” asked the puzzled boy.

“I guess Alvy’s dead,” replied Myron. To the lad’s comments and
questions he made small answer. “No,” he said at last, “I don’t feel
much like goin’ home jest now. Lea’ me alone here; I’ll prob’ly turn up
later on.” And Marcellus went alone to the pasture, and thence, at the
tail of his bovine procession, home.

When he arrived he regretted not having remained with Myron in the
woods. It was like coming into something which was prison, hospital, and
tomb in one. The household was paralyzed with horror and fright. Martha
had gone to bed, or rather had been put there by Em, and all through
the night, when he woke up, he heard her broken and hysterical voice
in moans and screams. The men had hitched up the grays, and Arphaxed
Turnbull was getting into the buggy to drive to Octavius for news when
the boy came up. He looked twenty years older than he had at noon--all
at once turned into a chalkfaced, trembling, infirm old man--and could
hardly see to put his foot on the carriage-step. His son Warren had
offered to go with him, and had been rebuffed almost with fierceness.
Warren and the others silently bowed their heads before this mood;
instinct told them that nothing but Arphaxed’s show of temper held him
from collapse--from falling at their feet and grovelling on the grass
with cries and sobs of anguish, perhaps even dying in a fit. After he
had driven off they forbore to talk to one another, but went about a
chalkfaced, trembling, infirm old man--and could hardly see to put his
foot on the carriage-step. His son Warren had offered to go with him,
and had been rebuffed almost with fierceness. Warren and the others
silently bowed their heads before this mood; instinct told them that
nothing but Arphaxed’s show of temper held him from collapse--from
falling at their feet and grovelling on the grass with cries and sobs of
anguish, perhaps even dying in a fit. After he had driven off they
forbore to talk to one another, but went about noiselessly with drooping
chins and knotted brows.

“It jest took the tuck out of everything,” said Marcellus, relating
these tragic events to me. There was not much else to tell. Martha had
had what they call brain fever, and had emerged from this some weeks
afterward a pallid and dim-eyed ghost of her former self, sitting for
hours together in her rocking-chair in the unused parlor, her hands idly
in her lap, her poor thoughts glued ceaselessly to that vague, far-off
Virginia which folks told about as hot and sunny, but which her mind’s
eye saw under the gloom of an endless and dreadful night. Arphaxed had
gone South, still defiantly alone, to bring back the body of his boy.
An acquaintance wrote to them of his being down sick in Washington,
prostrated by the heat and strange water; but even from his sick-bed he
had sent on orders to an undertaking firm out at the front, along with a
hundred dollars, their price in advance for embalming. Then, recovering,
he had himself pushed down to headquarters, or as near them as civilians
might approach, only to learn that he had passed the precious freight on
the way. He posted back again, besieging the railroad officials at every
point with inquiries, scolding, arguing, beseeching in turn, until at
last he overtook his quest at Juno Mills Junction, only a score of miles
from home.

Then only he wrote, telling people his plans. He came first to Octavius,
where a funeral service was held in the forenoon, with military honors,
the Wadsworths as the principal mourners, and a memorable turnout of
distinguished citizens. The town-hall was draped with mourning, and
so was Alva’s pew in the Episcopal Church, which he had deserted his
ancestral Methodism to join after his marriage. Old Arphaxed listened
to the novel burial service of his son’s communion, and watched the
clergyman in his curious white and black vestments, with sombre pride.
He himself needed and desired only a plain and homely religion, but
it was fitting that his boy should have organ music and flowers and a

Dana Pillsbury had arrived in town early in the morning with the grays,
and a neighbor’s boy had brought in the buggy. Immediately after dinner
Arphaxed had gathered up Alva’s widow and little daughter, and started
the funeral cortège upon its final homeward stage.

And so I saw them arrive on that July afternoon.


For so good and patient a man, Si Hummaston bore himself rather
vehemently during the milking. It was hotter in the barn than it was
outside in the sun, and the stifling air swarmed with flies, which
seemed to follow Si perversely from stall to stall and settle on his
cow. One beast put her hoof square in his pail, and another refused
altogether to “give down,” while the rest kept up a tireless slapping
and swishing of their tails very hard to bear, even if one had the help
of profanity. Marcellus and I listened carefully to hear him at last
provoked to an oath, but the worst thing he uttered, even when the cow
stepped in the milk, was “Dum your buttons!” which Marcellus said
might conceivably be investigated by a church committee, but was hardly
out-and-out swearing.

I remember Si’s groans and objurgations, his querulous “Hyst there, will
ye!” his hypocritical “So-boss! So-boss!” his despondent “They never
will give down for me!” because presently there was crossed upon this
woof of peevish impatience the web of a curious conversation.

Si had been so slow in his headway against flapping tails and restive
hoofs that, before he had got up to the end of the row, Aunt Em had
finished her side. She brought over her stool and pail, and seated
herself at the next cow to Hummaston’s. For a little, one heard only the
resonant din of the stout streams against the tin; then, as the bottom
was covered, there came the ploughing plash of milk on milk, and Si
could hear himself talk.

“S’pose you know S’reny’s come, ’long with your father,” he remarked,

“I saw ’em drive in,” replied Em.

“_Whoa! Hyst there! Hole still, can’t ye?_ I didn’t know if you
quite made out who she was, you was scootin’ ’long so fast. They
ain’t--_Whoa there!_--they ain’t nothin’ the matter ’twixt you and
her, is they?”

“I don’t know as there is,” said Em, curtly. “The world’s big enough for
both of us--we ain’t no call to bunk into each other.”

“No, of course--_Now you stop it!_--but it looked kind o’ curious to
me, your pikin’ off like that, without waitin’ to say ‘How-d’-do?’ Of
course, I never had no relation by marriage that was stuck-up at all, or
looked down on me--_Stiddy there now!_--but I guess I can reelize pretty
much how you feel about it. I’m a good deal of a hand at that. It’s
what they call imagination. It’s a gift, you know, like good looks, or
preachin’, or the knack o’ makin’ money. But you can’t help what you’re
born with, can you? I’d been a heap better off if my gift’d be’n in
some other direction; but, as I tell ’em, it ain’t my fault. And my
imagination--_Hi, there! git over, will ye?_--it’s downright cur’ous
sometimes, how it works. Now I could tell, you see, that you ‘n’ S’reny
didn’t pull together. I s’pose she never writ a line to you, when your
husband was killed?”

“Why should she?” demanded Em. “We never did correspond. What’d be the
sense of beginning then? She minds her affairs, ’n’ I mind mine. Who
wanted her to write?”

“Oh, of course not,” said Si lightly. “Prob’ly you’ll get along better
together, though, now that you’ll see more of one another. I s’pose
S’reny’s figurin’ on stayin’ here right along now, her ’n’ her little
girl. Well, it’ll be nice for the old folks to have somebody they’re
fond of. They jest worshipped the ground Alvy walked on--and I s’pose
they won’t be anything in this wide world too good for that little girl
of his. Le’s see, she must be comin’ on three now, ain’t she?”

“I don’t know anything about her!” snapped Aunt Em with emphasis.

“Of course, it’s natural the old folks should feel so--she bein’ Alvy’s
child. I hain’t noticed anything special, but does it--_Well, I swan!
Hyst there!_--does it seem to you that they’re as good to Marcellus,
quite, as they used to be? I don’t hear ’em sayin’ nothin’ about his
goin’ to school next winter.”

Aunt Em said nothing, too, but milked doggedly on. Si told her about the
thickness and profusion of Serena’s mourning, guardedly hinting at the
injustice done him by not allowing him to go to the red barn with the
others, speculated on the likelihood of the Wadsworths’ contributing to
their daughter’s support, and generally exhibited his interest in the
family through a monologue which finished only with the milking; but
Aunt Em made no response whatever.

When the last pails had been emptied into the big cans at the
door--Marcellus and I had let the cows out one by one into the yard, as
their individual share in the milking ended--Si and Em saw old Arphaxed
wending his way across from the house to the red barn. He appeared
more bent than ever, but he walked with a slowness which seemed born of
reluctance even more than of infirmity.

“Well, now,” mused Si, aloud, “Brother Turnbull an’ me’s be’n friends
for a good long spell. I don’t believe he’d be mad if I cut over now to
the red barn too, seein’ the milkin’s all out of the way. Of course I
don’t want to do what ain’t right--what d’you think now, Em, honest?
Think it ’ud rile him?”

“I don’t know anything about it!” my aunt replied, with increased vigor
of emphasis. “But for the land sake go somewhere! Don’t hang around
botherin’ me. I got enough else to think of besides your everlasting

Thus rebuffed, Si meandered sadly into the cow-yard, shaking his head as
he came. Seeing us seated on an upturned plough, over by the fence, from
which point we had a perfect view of the red barn, he sauntered toward
us, and, halting at our side, looked to see if there was room enough for
him to sit also. But Marcellus, in quite a casual way, remarked, “Oh!
wheeled the milk over to the house, already, Si?” and at this
the doleful man lounged off again in new despondency, got out the
wheelbarrow, and, with ostentatious groans of travail hoisted a can upon
it and started off.

“He’s takin’ advantage of Arphaxed’s being so worked up to play ‘ole
soldier’ on him,” said Mar-cellus. “All of us have to stir him up the
whole time to keep him from takin’ root somewhere. I told him this
afternoon ’t if there had to be any settin’ around under the bushes an’
cryin’, the fam’ly ’ud do it.”

We talked in hushed tones as we sat there watching the shut doors of the
red barn, in boyish conjecture about what was going on behind them. I
recall much of this talk with curious distinctness, but candidly it
jars now upon my maturer nerves. The individual man looks back upon
his boyhood with much the same amused amazement that the race feels in
contemplating the memorials of its own cave-dwelling or bronze period.
What strange savages we were! In those days Marcellus and I used to find
our very highest delight in getting off on Thursdays, and going over to
Dave Bushnell’s slaughter-house, to witness with stony hearts, and from
as close a coign of vantage as might be, the slaying of some score of
barnyard animals--the very thought of which now revolts our grown-up
minds. In the same way we sat there on the plough, and criticised
old Arphaxed’s meanness in excluding us from the red barn, where the
men-folks were coming in final contact with the “pride of the family.”
 Some of the cows wandering toward us began to “moo” with impatience for
the pasture, but Mar-cellus said there was no hurry.

All at once we discovered that Aunt Em was standing a few yards away
from us, on the other side of the fence. We could see her from where we
sat by only turning a little--a motionless, stout, upright figure, with
a pail in her hand, and a sternly impassive look on her face. She, too,
had her gaze fixed upon the red barn, and, though the declining sun was
full in her eyes, seemed incapable of blinking, but just stared coldly,
straight ahead.

Suddenly an unaccustomed voice fell upon our ears. Turning, we saw that
a black-robed woman, with a black wrap of some sort about her head,
had come up to where Aunt Em stood, and was at her shoulder. Marcellus
nudged me, and whispered, “It’s S’reny. Look out for squalls!” And then
we listened in silence.

“Won’t you speak to me at all, Emmeline?” we heard this new voice say.

Aunt Em’s face, sharply outlined in profile against the sky, never
moved. Her lips were pressed into a single line, and she kept her eyes
on the barn.

“If there’s anything I’ve done, tell me,” pursued the other. “In such
an hour as this--when both our hearts are bleeding so, and--and every
breath we draw is like a curse upon us--it doesn’t seem a fit time
for us--for us to--” The voice faltered and broke, leaving the speech

Aunt Em kept silence so long that we fancied this appeal, too, had
failed. Then abruptly, and without moving her head, she dropped a
few ungracious words as it were over her shoulder. “If I had anything
special to say, most likely I’d say it,” she remarked.

We could hear the sigh that Serena drew. She lifted her shawled head,
and for a moment seemed as if about to turn. Then she changed her mind,
apparently, for she took a step nearer to the other.

“See here, Emmeline,” she said, in a more confident tone. “Nobody in the
world knows better than I do how thoroughly good a woman you are, how
you have done your duty, and more than your duty, by your parents and
your brothers, and your little step-son. You have never spared yourself
for them, day or night. I have said often to--to him who has gone--that
I didn’t believe there was anywhere on earth a worthier or more devoted
woman than you, his sister. And--now that he is gone--and we are both
more sisters than ever in affliction--why in Heaven’s name should you
behave like this to me?”

Aunt Em spoke more readily this time. “I don’t know as I’ve done
anything to you,” she said in defence. “I’ve just let you alone, that’s
all. An’ that’s doin’ as I’d like to be done by.” Still she did not turn
her head, or lift her steady gaze from those closed doors.

“Don’t let us split words!” entreated the other, venturing a thin, white
hand upon Aunt Em’s shoulder. “That isn’t the way we two ought to stand
to each other. Why, you were friendly enough when I was here before.
Can’t it be the same again? What has happened to change it? Only to-day,
on our way up here, I was speaking to your father about you, and my deep
sympathy for you, and--”

Aunt Em wheeled like a flash. “Yes, ’n’ what did _he_ say? Come, don’t
make up anything! Out with it! What did he say?” She shook off the hand
on her shoulder as she spoke.

Gesture and voice and frowning vigor of mien were all so imperative and
rough that they seemed to bewilder Serena. She, too, had turned now, so
that I could see her wan and delicate face, framed in the laced festoons
of black, like the fabulous countenance of “The Lady Iñez” in my
mother’s “Album of Beauty.” She bent her brows in hurried thought, and
began stammering, “Well, he said--Let’s see--he said--”

“Oh, yes!” broke in Aunt Em, with raucous irony, “I know well enough
what he said! He said I was a good worker--that they’d never had to
have a hired girl since I was big enough to wag a churn dash, an’ they
wouldn’t known what to do without me. I know all that; I’ve heard it on
an’ off for twenty years. What I’d like to hear is, did he tell you that
he went down South to bring back _your_ husband, an’ that he never so
much as give a thought to fetchin’ _my_ husband, who was just as good a
soldier and died just as bravely as yours did? I’d like to know--did he
tell you that?”

What could Serena do but shake her head, and bow it in silence before
this bitter gale of words?

“An’ tell me this, too,” Aunt Em went on, lifting her harsh voice
mercilessly, “when you was settin’ there in church this forenoon, with
the soldiers out, an’ the bells tollin’ an’ all that--did he say,
‘This is some for Alvy, an’ some for Abel, who went to the war together,
an’ was killed together, or within a month o’ one another?’ Did he say
that, or look for one solitary minute as if he thought it? I’ll bet he

Serena’s head sank lower still, and she put up, in a blinded sort of a
way, a little white handkerchief to her eyes. “But why blame _me?_” she

Aunt Em heard her own voice so seldom that the sound of it now seemed to
intoxicate her. “No!” she shouted. “It’s like the Bible. One was taken
an’ the other left. It was always Alvy this, an’ Alvy that, nothin’
for any one but Alvy. That was all right; nobody complained: prob’ly he
deserved it all; at any rate, we didn’t begrudge him any of it, while he
was livin’. But there ought to be a limit somewhere. When a man’s dead,
he’s pretty much about on an equality with other dead men, one would
think. But it ain’t so. One man get’s hunted after when he’s shot, an’
there’s a hundred dollars for embalmin’ him an’ a journey after him, an’
bringin’ him home, an’ two big funerals, an’ crape for his widow that’d
stand by itself. The _other_ man--he can lay where he fell! Them that’s
lookin’ for the first one are right close by--it ain’t more’n a few
miles from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor, so Hi Tuckerman tells me,
an’ he was all over the ground two years ago--but nobody looks for this
other man! Oh, no! Nobody so much as remembers to think of him! They
ain’t no hundred dollars, no, not so much as fifty cents, for embalmin’
_him!_ No--_he_ could be shovelled in anywhere, or maybe burned up when
the woods got on fire that night, the night of the sixth. They ain’t no
funeral for him--no bells tolled--unless it may be a cowbell up in the
pasture that he hammered out himself. An’ _his_ widow can go around,
week days an’ Sundays, in her old calico dresses. Nobody ever mentions
the word ‘mournin’ crape’ to her, or asks her if she’d like to put on
black. I s’pose they thought if they gave me the money for some mournin’
I’d buy _candy_ with it instead!”

With this climax of flaming sarcasm Aunt Em stopped, her eyes aglow, her
thick breast heaving in a flurry of breathlessness. She had never talked
so much or so fast before in her life. She swung the empty tin-pail now
defiantly at her side to hide the fact that her arms were shaking with
excitement. Every instant it looked as if she was going to begin again.

Serena had taken the handkerchief down from her eyes and held her arms
stiff and straight by her side. Her chin seemed to have grown longer
or to be thrust forward more. When she spoke it was in a colder
voice--almost mincing in the way it cut off the words.

“All this is not my doing,” she said. “I am to blame for nothing of it.
As I tried to tell you, I sympathize deeply with your grief. But grief
ought to make people at least fair, even if it cannot make them gentle
and soften their hearts. I shall trouble you with no more offers of
friendship. I--I think I will go back to the house now--to my little

Even as she spoke, there came from the direction of the red barn a
shrill, creaking noise which we all knew. At the sound Marcellus and I
stood up, and Serena forgot her intention to go away. The barn doors,
yelping as they moved on their dry rollers, had been pushed wide open.


The first one to emerge from the barn was Hi Tuckerman. He started to
make for the house, but, when he caught sight of our group, came running
toward us at the top of his speed, uttering incoherent shouts as he
advanced, and waving his arms excitedly. It was apparent that something
out of the ordinary had happened.

We were but little the wiser as to this something, when Hi had come to
a halt before us, and was pouring out a volley of explanations,
accompanied by earnest grimaces and strenuous gestures. Even Marcellus
could make next to nothing of what he was trying to convey; but Aunt Em,
strangely enough, seemed to understand him. Still slightly trembling,
and with a little occasional catch in her breath, she bent an intent
scrutiny upon Hi, and nodded comprehendingly from time to time, with
encouraging exclamations, “He did, eh!”

“Is that so?” and “I expected as much.” Listening and watching, I formed
the uncharitable conviction that she did not really understand Hi
at all, but was only pretending to do so in order further to harrow
Serena’s feelings.

Doubtless I was wrong, for presently she turned, with an effort, to her
sister-in-law, and remarked, “P’rhaps you don’t quite follow what he’s

“Not a word!” said Serena, eagerly. “Tell me, please, Emmeline!”

Aunt Em seemed to hesitate. “He was shot through the mouth at Gaines’s
Mills, you know--that’s right near Cold Harbor and--the Wilderness,” she
said, obviously making talk.

“That isn’t what he’s saying,” broke in Serena. “What _is_ it,

“Well,” rejoined the other, after an instant’s pause, “if you want to
know--he says that it ain’t Alvy at all that they’ve got there in the

Serena turned swiftly, so that we could not see her face.

“He says it’s some strange man,” continued Em, “a yaller-headed man, all
packed an’ stuffed with charcoal, so’t his own mother wouldn’t know him.
Who it is nobody knows, but it ain’t Alvy.”

“They’re a pack of robbers ’n’ swindlers!” cried old Arphaxed, shaking
his long gray beard with wrath.

He had come up without our noticing his approach, so rapt had been our
absorption in the strange discovery reported by Hi Tuckerman. Behind
him straggled the boys and the hired men, whom Si Hummaston had scurried
across from the house to join. No one said anything now, but tacitly
deferred to the old man’s principal right to speak. It was a relief to
hear that terrible silence of his broken at all.

“They ought to all be hung!” he cried, in a voice to which the excess of
passion over physical strength gave a melancholy quaver. “I paid ’em
what they asked--they took a hundred dollars o’ my money--an’ they
ain’t sent me _him_ at all! There I went, at my age, all through the
Wilderness, almost clear to Cold Harbor, an’ that, too, gittin’ up from
a sick bed in Washington, and then huntin’ for the box at New York an’
Albany, an’ all the way back, an’ holdin’ a funeral over it only this
very day--an’ here it ain’t _him_ at all! I’ll have the law on ‘em
though, if it costs the last cent I’ve got in the world!”

Poor old man! These weeks of crushing grief and strain had fairly
broken him down. We listened to his fierce outpourings with sympathetic
silence, almost thankful that he had left strength and vitality enough
still to get angry and shout. He had been always a hard and gusty man;
we felt by instinct, I suppose, that his best chance of weathering this
terrible month of calamity was to batter his way furiously through it,
in a rage with everything and everybody.

“If there’s any justice in the land,” put in Si Hummaston, “you’d ought
to get your hundred dollars back. I shouldn’t wonder if you could, too,
if you sued ’em afore a Jestice that was a friend of yours.”

“Why, the man’s a fool!” burst forth Arphaxed, turning toward him with
a snort. “I don’t want the hundred dollars--I wouldn’t’a’ begrudged a
thousand--if only they’d dealt honestly by me. I paid ’em their own
figure, without beatin’ ’em down a penny. If it’d be’n double, I’d
’a’ paid it. What _I_ wanted was _my boy!_ It ain’t so much their
cheatin’ _me_ I mind, either, if it ’d be’n about anything else. But
to think of Alvy--_my boy_--after all the trouble I took, an’ the
journey, an’ my sickness there among strangers--to think that after it
all he’s buried down there, no one knows where, p’raps in some trench
with private soldiers, shovelled in anyhow--oh-h! they ought to be

The two women had stood motionless, with their gaze on the grass; Aunt
Em lifted her head at this.

“If a place is good enough for private soldiers to be buried in,” she
said, vehemently, “it’s good enough for the best man in the army. On
Resurrection Day, do you think them with shoulder-straps ’ll be called
fust an’ given all the front places? I reckon the men that carried a
musket are every whit as good, there in the trench, as them that wore
swords. They gave their lives as much as the others did, an’ the best
man that ever stepped couldn’t do no more.”

Old Arphaxed bent upon her a long look, which had in it much surprise
and some elements of menace. Reflection seemed, however, to make him
think better of an attack on Aunt Em. He went on, instead, with rambling
exclamations to his auditors at large.

“Makin’ me the butt of the whole county!” he cried. “There was that
funeral to-day--with a parade an’ a choir of music an’ so on: an’ now
it’ll come out in the papers that it wasn’t Alvy at all I brought back
with me, but only some perfect stranger--by what you can make out from
his clothes, not even an officer at all. I tell you the war’s a jedgment
on this country for its wickedness, for its cheatin’ an’ robbin’
of honest men! They wa’n’t no sense in that battle at Cold Harbor
anyway--everybody admits that! It was murder an’ massacre in cold
blood--fifty thousand men mowed down, an’ nothin’ gained by it! An’ then
not even to git my boy’s dead body back! I say hangin’s too good for

“Yes, father,” said Myron, soothingly; “but do you stick to what you
said about the--the box? Wouldn’t it look better--”

“_No!_” shouted Arphaxed, with emphasis. “Let Dana do what I told
him--take it down this very night to the poor-master, an’ let him bury
it where he likes. It’s no affair of mine. I wash my hands of it. There
won’t be no funeral held here!”

It was then that Serena spoke. Strangely enough, old Arphaxed had not
seemed to notice her presence in our group, and his jaw visibly dropped
as he beheld her now standing before him. He made a gesture signifying
his disturbance at finding her among his hearers, and would have spoken,
but she held up her hand.

“Yes, I heard it all,” she said, in answer to his deprecatory movement.
“I am glad I did. It has given me time to get over the shock of
learning--our mistake--and it gives me the chance now to say something
which I--I feel keenly. The poor man you have brought home was, you say,
a private soldier. Well, isn’t this a good time to remember that there
was a private soldier who went out from this farm--belonging right
to this family--and who, as a private, laid down his life as nobly as
General Sedgwick or General Wadsworth, or even our dear Alva, or any one
else? I never met Emmeline’s husband, but Alva liked him, and spoke
to me often of him. Men who fall in the ranks don’t get identified, or
brought home, but they deserve funerals as much as the others--just
as much. Now, this is my idea: let us feel that the mistake which has
brought this poor stranger to us is God’s way of giving us a chance to
remember and do honor to Abel Jones. Let him be buried in the family
lot up yonder, where we had thought to lay Alva, and let us do it
reverently, in the name of Emmeline’s husband, and of all others who
have fought and died for our country, and with sympathy in our hearts
for the women who, somewhere in the North, are mourning, just as we
mourn here, for the stranger there in the red barn.”

Arphaxed had watched her intently. He nodded now, and blinked at the
moisture gathering in his old eyes. “I could e’en a’most ’a’ thought
it was Alvy talkin’,” was what he said. Then he turned abruptly, but we
all knew, without further words, that what Serena had suggested was to
be done.

The men-folk, wondering doubtless much among themselves, moved slowly
off toward the house or the cow-barns, leaving the two women alone. A
minute of silence passed before we saw Serena creep gently up to Aunt
Em’s side, and lay the thin white hand again upon her shoulder. This
time it was not shaken off, but stretched itself forward, little by
little, until its palm rested against Aunt Em’s further cheek. We heard
the tin-pail fall resonantly against the stones under the rail-fence,
and there was a confused movement as if the two women were somehow
melting into one.

“Come on, Sid!” said Marcellus Jones to me; “let’s start them cows
along. If there’s anything I hate to see it’s women cryin’ on each
other’s necks.”


It was well on toward evening before this Third of July all at once
made itself gloriously different from other days in my mind.

There was a very long afternoon, I remember, hot and overcast, with
continual threats of rain, which never came to anything. The other boys
were too excited about the morrow to care for present play. They sat
instead along the edge of the broad platform-stoop in front of Delos
Ingersoll’s grocery-store, their brown feet swinging at varying
heights above the sidewalk, and bragged about the manner in which they
contemplated celebrating the anniversary of their Independence. Most of
the elder lads were very independent indeed; they were already secure in
the parental permission to stay up all night, so that the Fourth might
be ushered in with its full quota of ceremonial. The smaller urchins
pretended that they also had this permission, or were sure of getting
it. Little Denny Cregan attracted admiring attention by vowing that he
should remain out, even if his father chased him with a policeman all
around the ward, and he had to go and live in a cave in the gulf until
he was grown up.

My inferiority to these companions of mine depressed me. They were
allowed to go without shoes and stockings; they wore loose and
comfortable old clothes, and were under no responsibility to keep them
dry or clean or whole; they had their pockets literally bulging now
with all sorts of portentous engines of noise and racket--huge brown
“double-enders,” bound with waxed cord; long, slim, vicious-looking
“nigger-chasers;” big “Union torpedoes,” covered with clay, which made a
report like a horse-pistol, and were invaluable for frightening farmers’
horses; and so on through an extended catalogue of recondite and
sinister explosives upon which I looked with awe, as their owners
from time to time exhibited them with the proud simplicity of those
accustomed to greatness. Several of these boys also possessed toy
cannons, which would be brought forth at twilight. They spoke firmly of
ramming them to the muzzle with grass, to produce a greater noise--even
if it burst them and killed everybody.

By comparison, my lot was one of abasement. I was a solitary child, and
a victim to conventions. A blue necktie was daily pinned under my Byron
collar, and there were gilt buttons on my zouave jacket. When we were
away in the pasture playground near the gulf, and I ventured to take off
my foot-gear, every dry old thistle-point in the whole territory seemed
to arrange itself to be stepped upon by my whitened and tender soles.
I could not swim; so, while my lithe bold comrades dived out of sight
under the deep water, and darted about chasing one another far beyond
their depth, I paddled ignobly around the “baby-hole” close to the bank,
in the warm and muddy shallows.

Especially apparent was my state of humiliation on this July afternoon.
I had no “double-enders,” nor might hope for any. The mere thought of
a private cannon seemed monstrous and unnatural to me. By some unknown
process of reasoning my mother had years before reached the theory that
a good boy ought to have two ten-cent packs of small fire-crackers on
the Fourth of July. Four or five succeeding anniversaries had hardened
this theory into an orthodox tenet of faith, with all its observances
rigidly fixed. The fire-crackers were bought for me overnight, and
placed on the hall table. Beside them lay a long rod of punk. When I
hastened down and out in the morning, with these ceremonial implements
in my hands, the hired girl would give me, in an old kettle, some embers
from the wood-fire in the summer kitchen. Thus furnished, I went into
the front yard, and in solemn solitude fired off these crackers one by
one. Those which, by reason of having lost their tails, were only fit
for “fizzes,” I saved till after breakfast. With the exhaustion of
these, I fell reluctantly back upon the public for entertainment.
I could see the soldiers, hear the band and the oration, and in the
evening, if it didn’t rain, enjoy the fireworks; but my own contribution
to the patriotic noise was always over before the breakfast dishes had
been washed.

My mother scorned the little paper torpedoes as flippant and wasteful
things. You merely threw one of them, and it went off, she said, and
there you were. I don’t know that I ever grasped this objection in its
entirety, but it impressed my whole childhood with its unanswerableness.
Years and years afterward, when my own children asked for torpedoes, I
found myself unconsciously advising against them on quite the maternal
lines. Nor was it easy to budge the good lady from her position on the
great two-packs issue. I seem to recall having successfully undermined
it once or twice, but two was the rule. When I called her attention to
the fact that our neighbor, Tom Hemingway, thought nothing of exploding
a whole pack at a time inside their wash-boiler, she was not dazzled,
but only replied: “Wilful waste makes woful want.”

Of course the idea of the Hemingways ever knowing what want meant was
absurd. They lived a dozen doors or so from us, in a big white house
with stately white columns rising from veranda to gable across the whole
front, and a large garden, flowers and shrubs in front, fruit-trees and
vegetables behind. Squire Hemingway was the most important man in our
part of the town. I know now that he was never anything more than United
States Commissioner of Deeds, but in those days, when he walked down the
street with his gold-headed cane, his blanket-shawl folded over his arm,
and his severe, dignified, close-shaven face held well up in the air, I
seemed to behold a companion of Presidents.

This great man had two sons. The elder of them,

De Witt Hemingway, was a man grown, and was at the front. I had seen him
march away, over a year before, with a bright drawn sword, at the side
of his company. The other son, Tom, was my senior by only a twelvemonth.
He was by nature proud, but often consented to consort with me when the
selection of other available associates was at low ebb.

It was to this Tom that I listened with most envious eagerness, in front
of the grocery-store, on the afternoon of which I speak. He did not
sit on the stoop with the others--no one expected quite that degree of
condescension--but leaned nonchalantly against a post, whittling out a
new ramrod for his cannon. He said that this year he was not going to
have any ordinary fire-crackers at all; they, he added with a meaning
glance at me, were only fit for girls. He might do a little in
“double-enders,” but his real point would be in “ringers”--an incredible
giant variety of cracker, Turkey-red like the other, but in size almost
a rolling-pin. Some of these he would fire off singly, between volleys
from his cannon. But a good many he intended to explode, in bunches say
of six, inside the tin wash-boiler, brought out into the middle of the
road for that purpose. It would doubtless blow the old thing sky-high,
but that didn’t matter. They could get a new one.

Even as he spoke, the big bell in the tower of the town-hall burst forth
in a loud clangor of swift-repeated strokes. It was half a mile away,
but the moist air brought the urgent, clamorous sounds to our ears as if
the belfry had stood close above us.

We sprang off the stoop and stood poised, waiting to hear the number of
the ward struck, and ready to scamper off on the instant if the fire was
anywhere in our part of the town. But the excited peal went on and on,
without a pause. It became obvious that this meant something besides a
fire. Perhaps some of us wondered vaguely what that something might be,
but as a body our interest had lapsed. Billy Norris, who was the son of
poor parents, but could whip even Tom Hemingway, said he had been told
that the German boys on the other side of the gulf were coming over to
“rush” us on the following day, and that we ought all to collect nails
to fire at them from our cannon. This we pledged ourselves to do--the
bell keeping up its throbbing tumult ceaselessly.

Suddenly we saw the familiar figure of Johnson running up the street
toward us. What his first name was I never knew. To every one, little
or big, he was just Johnson. He and his family had moved into our town
after the war began; I fancy they moved away again before it ended. I
do not even know what he did for a living. But he seemed always drunk,
always turbulently good-natured, and always shouting out the news at the
top of his lungs. I cannot pretend to guess how he found out everything
as he did, or why, having found it out, he straightway rushed homeward,
scattering the intelligence as he ran. Most probably Johnson was moulded
by Nature as a town-crier, but was born by accident some generations
after the race of bellmen had disappeared. Our neighborhood did not like
him; our mothers did not know Mrs. Johnson, and we boys behaved with
snobbish roughness to his children. He seemed not to mind this at all,
but came up unwearyingly to shout out the tidings of the day for our

“Vicksburg’s fell! Vicksburg’s fell!” was what we heard him yelling as
he approached.

Delos Ingersoll and his hired boy ran out of the grocery. Doors opened
along the street and heads were thrust inquiringly out.

“Vicksburg’s fell!” he kept hoarsely proclaiming, his arms waving in
the air, as he staggered along at a dog-trot past us, and went into the
saloon next to the grocery.

I cannot say how definite an idea these tidings conveyed to our boyish
minds. I have a notion that at the time I assumed that Vicksburg had
something to do with Gettysburg, where I knew, from the talk of my
elders, that an awful fight had been proceeding since the middle of the
week. Doubtless this confusion was aided by the fact that an hour or so
later, on that same wonderful day, the wire brought us word that this
terrible battle on Pennsylvanian soil had at last taken the form of a
Union victory. It is difficult now to see how we could have known both
these things on the Third of July--that is to say, before the people
actually concerned seemed to have been sure of them. Perhaps it was only
inspired guesswork, but I know that my town went wild over the news, and
that the clouds overhead cleared away as if by magic.

The sun did well to spread that summer sky at eventide with all the
pageantry of color the spectrum knows. It would have been preposterous
that such a day should slink off in dull, Quaker drabs. Men were
shouting in the streets now. The old cannon left over from the Mexican
war had been dragged out on to the rickety covered river-bridge, and was
frightening the fishes, and shaking the dry, worm-eaten rafters, as fast
as the swab and rammer could work. Our town bandsmen were playing
as they had never played before, down in the square in front of the
post-office. The management of the Universe could not hurl enough wild
fireworks into the exultant sunset to fit our mood.

The very air was filled with the scent of triumph--the spirit of
conquest. It seemed only natural that I should march off to my mother
and quite collectedly tell her that I desired to stay out all night with
the other boys. I had never dreamed of daring to prefer such a request
in other years. Now I was scarcely conscious of surprise when she gave
her permission, adding with a smile that I would be glad enough to come
in and go to bed before half the night was over.

I steeled my heart after supper with the proud resolve that if the night
turned out to be as protracted as one of those Lapland winter nights we
read about in the geography, I still would not surrender.

The boys outside were not so excited over the tidings of my unlooked-for
victory as I had expected them to be. They received the news, in fact,
with a rather mortifying stoicism. Tom Hemingway, however, took enough
interest in the affair to suggest that, instead of spending my twenty
cents in paltry fire-crackers, I might go down town and buy another
can of powder for his cannon. By doing so, he pointed out, I would be
a part-proprietor, as it were, of the night’s performance, and would be
entitled to occasionally touch the cannon off. This generosity affected
me, and I hastened down the long hill-street to show myself worthy of
it, repeating the instruction of “Kentucky Bear-Hunter-coarse-grain”
 over and over again to myself as I went.

Half-way on my journey I overtook a person whom, even in the gathering
twilight, I recognized as Miss Stratford, the school-teacher. She also
was walking down the hill and rapidly. It did not need the sight of a
letter in her hand to tell me that she was going to the post-office. In
those cruel war-days everybody went to the post-office. I myself went
regularly to get our mail, and to exchange shin-plasters for one-cent
stamps with which to buy yeast and other commodities that called for
minute fractional currency.

Although I was very fond of Miss Stratford--I still recall her gentle
eyes, and pretty, rounded, dark face, in its frame of long, black curls,
with tender liking--I now coldly resolved to hurry past, pretending not
to know her. It was a mean thing to do; Miss Stratford had always been
good to me, shining in that respect in brilliant contrast to my
other teachers, whom I hated bitterly. Still, the “Kentucky
Bear-Hunter-coarse-grain” was too important a matter to wait upon any
mere female friendships, and I quickened my pace into a trot, hoping to
scurry by unrecognized.

“Oh, Andrew! is that you?” I heard her call out as I ran past. For the
instant I thought of rushing on, quite as if I had not heard. Then I
stopped and walked beside her.

“I am going to stay up all night: mother says I may; and I am going to
fire off Tom Hemingway’s big cannon every fourth time, straight through
till breakfast time,” I announced to her loftily.

“Dear me! I ought to be proud to be seen walking with such an important
citizen,” she answered, with kindly playfulness. She added more gravely,
after a moment’s pause: “Then Tom is out playing with the other boys, is

“Why, of course!” I responded. “He always lets us stand around when he
fires off his cannon. He’s got some ‘ringers’ this year too.”

I heard Miss Stratford murmur an impulsive “Thank God!” under her

Full as the day had been of surprises, I could not help wondering that
the fact of Tom’s ringers should stir up such profound emotions in the
teacher’s breast. Since the subject so interested her, I went on with a
long catalogue of Tom’s other pyrotechnic possessions, and from that to
an account of his almost supernatural collection of postage-stamps. In
a few minutes more I am sure I should have revealed to her the great
secret of my life, which was my determination, in case I came to assume
the victorious rôle and rank of Napoleon, to immediately make Tom a
Marshal of the Empire.

But we had reached the post-office square. I had never before seen it so
full of people.

Even to my boyish eyes the tragic line of division which cleft this
crowd in twain was apparent. On one side, over by the Seminary, the
youngsters had lighted a bonfire, and were running about it--some of
the bolder ones jumping through it in frolicsome recklessness. Close by
stood the band, now valiantly thumping out “John Brown’s Body” upon the
noisy night air. It was quite dark by this time, but the musicians knew
the tune by heart. So did the throng about them, and sang it with lusty
fervor. The doors of the saloon toward the corner of the square were
flung wide open. Two black streams of men kept in motion under the
radiance of the big reflector-lamp over these doors--one going in, one
coming out. They slapped one another on the back as they passed, with
exultant screams and shouts. Every once in a while, when movement was
for the instant blocked, some voice lifted above the others would begin
“Hip-hip-hip-hip--” and then would come a roar that fairly drowned the

On the post-office side of the square there was no bonfire. No one
raised a cheer. A densely packed mass of men and women stood in front
of the big square stone building, with its closed doors, and curtained
windows upon which, from time to time, the shadow of some passing clerk,
bareheaded and hurried, would be momentarily thrown. They waited in
silence for the night mail to be sorted. If they spoke to one another,
it was in whispers--as if they had been standing with uncovered heads at
a funeral service in a graveyard. The dim light reflected over from
the bonfire, or down from the shaded windows of the post-office, showed
solemn, hard-lined, anxious faces. Their lips scarcely moved when they
muttered little low-toned remarks to their neighbors. They spoke from
the side of the mouth, and only on one subject.

“He went all through Fredericksburg without a scratch--”

“He looks so much like me--General Palmer told my brother he’d have
known his hide in a tan-yard--”

“He’s been gone--let’s see--it was a year some time last April--”

“He was counting on a furlough the first of this month. I suppose nobody
got one as things turned out--‘’

“He said, ‘No; it ain’t my style. I’ll fight as much as you like, but I
won’t be nigger-waiter for no man, captain or no captain ‘--”

Thus I heard the scattered murmurs among the grown-up heads above me, as
we pushed into the outskirts of the throng, and stood there, waiting for
the rest. There was no sentence without a “he” in it. A stranger might
have fancied that they were all talking of one man. I knew better. They
were the fathers and mothers, the sisters, brothers, wives of the
men whose regiments had been in that horrible three days’ fight at
Gettysburg. Each was thinking and speaking of his own, and took it
for granted the others would understand. For that matter, they all
did understand. The town knew the name and family of every one of the
twelve-score sons she had in this battle.

It is not very clear to me now why people all went to the post-office
to wait for the evening papers that came in from the nearest big city.
Nowadays they would be brought in bulk and sold on the street before the
mail-bags had reached the post-office. Apparently that had not yet been
thought of in our slow old town.

The band across the square had started up afresh with “Annie Lisle”--the
sweet old refrain of “Wave willows, murmur waters,” comes back to me now
after a quarter-century of forgetfulness--when all at once there was a
sharp forward movement of the crowd. The doors had been thrown open,
and the hallway was on the instant filled with a swarming multitude.
The band had stopped as suddenly as it began, and no more cheering was
heard. We could see whole troops of dark forms scudding toward us from
the other side of the square.

“Run in for me--that’s a good boy--ask for Dr. Stratford’s mail,” the
teacher whispered, bending over me.

It seemed an age before I finally got back to her, with the paper in its
postmarked wrapper buttoned up inside my jacket. I had never been in
so fierce and determined a crowd before, and I emerged from it at last,
confused in wits and panting for breath.

I was still looking about through the gloom in a foolish way for Miss
Stratford, when I felt her hand laid sharply on my shoulder.

“Well--where is it?--did nothing come?” she asked, her voice trembling
with eagerness, and the eyes which I had thought so soft and dove-like
flashing down upon me as if she were Miss Pritchard, and I had been
caught chewing gum in school.

I drew the paper out from under my roundabout, and gave it to her. She
grasped it, and thrust a finger under the cover to tear it off. Then she
hesitated for a moment, and looked about her. “Come where there is some
light,” she said, and started up the street. Although she seemed to have
spoken more to herself than to me, I followed her in silence, close to
her side.

For a long way the sidewalk in front of every lighted store-window was
thronged with a group of people clustered tight about some one who had
a paper, and was reading from it aloud. Beside broken snatches of this
monologue, we caught, now groans of sorrow and horror, now exclamations
of proud approval, and even the beginnings of cheers, broken in upon by
a general “’Sh-h!” as we hurried past outside the curb.

It was under a lamp in the little park nearly halfway up the hill that
Miss Stratford stopped, and spread the paper open. I see her still,
white-faced, under the flickering gaslight, her black curls making
a strange dark bar between the pale-straw hat and the white of her
shoulder shawl and muslin dress, her hands trembling as they held up the
extended sheet. She scanned the columns swiftly, skimmingly for a time,
as I could see by the way she moved her round chin up and down. Then
she came to a part which called for closer reading. The paper shook
perceptibly now, as she bent her eyes upon it. Then all at once it fell
from her hands, and without a sound she walked away.

I picked the paper up and followed her along the gravelled path. It was
like pursuing a ghost, so weirdly white did her summer attire now look
to my frightened eyes, with such a swift and deathly silence did she
move. The path upon which we were described a circle touching the four
sides of the square. She did not quit it when the intersection with our
street was reached, but followed straight round again toward the point
where we had entered the park. This, too, in turn, she passed, gliding
noiselessly forward under the black arches of the overhanging elms. The
suggestion that she did not know she was going round and round in a ring
startled my brain. I would have run up to her now if I had dared.

Suddenly she turned, and saw that I was behind her. She sank slowly
into one of the garden-seats, by the path, and held out for a moment a
hesitating hand toward me. I went up at this and looked into her face.
Shadowed as it was, the change I saw there chilled my blood. It was like
the face of some one I had never seen before, with fixed, wide-open,
staring eyes which seemed to look beyond me through the darkness, upon
some terrible sight no other could see.

“Go--run and tell--Tom--to go home! His brother--his brother has been
killed,” she said to me, choking over the words as if they hurt her
throat, and still with the same strange dry-eyed, far-away gaze covering
yet not seeing me.

I held out the paper for her to take, but she made no sign, and I
gingerly laid it on the seat beside her. I hung about for a minute or
two longer, imagining that she might have something else to say--but no
word came. Then, with a feebly inopportune “Well, good-by,” I started
off alone up the hill.

It was a distinct relief to find that my companions were congregated at
the lower end of the common, instead of their accustomed haunt farther
up near my home, for the walk had been a lonely one, and I was deeply
depressed by what had happened. Tom, it seems, had been called away some
quarter of an hour before. All the boys knew of the calamity which had
befallen the Hemingways. We talked about it, from time to time, as we
loaded and fired the cannon which Tom had obligingly turned over to my
friends. It had been out of deference to the feelings of the stricken
household that they had betaken themselves and their racket off to the
remote corner of the common. The solemnity of the occasion silenced
criticism upon my conduct in forgetting to buy the powder. “There would
be enough as long as it lasted,” Billy Norris said, with philosophic

We speculated upon the likelihood of De Witt Hemingway’s being given a
military funeral. These mournful pageants had by this time become such
familiar things to us that the prospect of one more had no element of
excitement in it, save as it involved a gloomy sort of distinction for
Tom. He would ride in the first mourning-carriage with his parents, and
this would associate us, as we walked along ahead of the band, with the
most intimate aspects of the demonstration. We regretted now that
the soldier company which we had so long projected remained still
unorganized. Had it been otherwise we would probably have been awarded
the right of the line in the procession. Some one suggested that it was
not too late--and we promptly bound ourselves to meet after breakfast
next day to organize and begin drilling. If we worked at this night and
day, and our parents instantaneously provided us with uniforms and guns,
we should be in time. It was also arranged that we should be called the
De Witt C. Hemingway Fire Zouaves, and that Billy Norris should be side
captain. The chief command would, of course, be reserved for Tom. We
would specially salute him as he rode past in the closed carriage, and
then fall in behind, forming his honorary escort.

None of us had known the dead officer closely, owing to his advanced
age. He was seven or eight years older than even Tom. But the more
elderly among our group had seen him play base-ball in the academy nine,
and our neighborhood was still alive with legends of his early audacity
and skill in collecting barrels and dry-goods boxes at night for
election bonfires. It was remembered that once he carried away a whole
front-stoop from the house of a little German tailor on one of the
back streets. As we stood around the heated cannon, in the great black
solitude of the common, our fancies pictured this redoubtable young man
once more among us--not in his blue uniform, with crimson sash and sword
laid by his side, and the gauntlets drawn over his lifeless hands, but
as a taller and glorified Tom, in a roundabout jacket and copper-toed
boots, giving the law on this his playground. The very cannon at our
feet had once been his. The night air became peopled with ghosts of his
contemporaries--handsome boys who had grown up before us, and had gone
away to lay down their lives in far-off Virginia or Tennessee.

These heroic shades brought drowsiness in their train. We lapsed into
long silences, punctuated by yawns, when it was not our turn to ram and
touch off the cannon. Finally some of us stretched ourselves out on the
grass, in the warm darkness, to wait comfortably for this turn to come.

What did come instead was daybreak--finding Billy Norris and myself
alone constant to our all night vow. We sat up and shivered as we rubbed
our eyes. The morning air had a chilling freshness that went to my
bones--and these, moreover, were filled with those novel aches and
stiffnesses which beds were invented to prevent. We stood up, stretching
out our arms, and gaping at the pearland-rose beginnings of the sunrise
in the eastern sky. The other boys had all gone home, and taken the
cannon with them. Only scraps of torn paper and tiny patches of burnt
grass marked the site of our celebration.

My first weak impulse was to march home without delay, and get into bed
as quickly as might be. But Billy Norris looked so finely resolute and
resourceful that I hesitated to suggest this, and said nothing, leaving
the initiative to him. One could see, by the most casual glance, that
he was superior to mere considerations of unseasonableness in hours.
I remembered now that he was one of that remarkable body of boys, the
paper-carriers, who rose when all others were asleep in their warm
nests, and trudged about long before breakfast distributing the
_Clarion_ among the well-to-do households. This fact had given him his
position in our neighborhood as quite the next in leadership to Tom

He presently outlined his plans to me, after having tried the centre
of light on the horizon, where soon the sun would be, by an old brass
compass he had in his pocket--a process which enabled him, he said, to
tell pretty well what time it was. The paper wouldn’t be out for nearly
two hours yet--and if it were not for the fact of a great battle, there
would have been no paper at all on this glorious anniversary--but he
thought we would go downtown and see what was going on around about the
newspaper office. Forthwith we started. He cheered my faint spirits by
assuring me that I would soon cease to be sleepy, and would, in fact,
feel better than usual. I dragged my feet along at his side, waiting for
this revival to come, and meantime furtively yawning against my sleeve.

Billy seemed to have dreamed a good deal, during our nap on the common,
about the De Witt C. Hemingway Fire Zouaves. At least he had now in his
head a marvellously elaborated system of organization, which he unfolded
as we went along. I felt that I had never before realized his greatness,
his born genius for command. His scheme halted nowhere. He allotted
offices with discriminating firmness; he treated the question of
uniforms and guns as a trivial detail which would settle itself; he
spoke with calm confidence of our offering our services to the
Republic in the autumn; his clear vision saw even the materials for a
fife-and-drum corps among the German boys in the back streets. It was
true that I appeared personally to play a meagre part in these great
projects; the most that was said about me was that I might make a fair
third-corporal. But Fate had thrown in my way such a wonderful chance of
becoming intimate with Billy that I made sure I should swiftly advance
in rank--the more so as I discerned in the background of his thoughts,
as it were, a grim determination to make short work of Tom Hemingway’s
aristocratic pretensions, once the funeral was over.

We were forced to make a detour of the park on our way down, because
Billy observed some halfdozen Irish boys at play with a cannon inside,
whom he knew to be hostile. If there had been only four, he said, he
would have gone in and routed them. He could whip any two of them, he
added, with one hand tied behind his back. I listened with admiration.
Billy was not tall, but he possessed great thickness of chest and length
of arm. His skin was so dark that we canvassed the theory from time
to time of his having Indian blood. He did not discourage this, and he
admitted himself that he was double-jointed.

The streets of the business part of the town, into which we now made
our way, were quite deserted. We went around into the yard behind the
printing-office, where the carrier-boys were wont to wait for the press
to get to work; and Billy displayed some impatience at discovering that
here too there was no one. It was now broad daylight, but through the
windows of the composing-room we could see some of the printers still
setting type by kerosene lamps.

We seated ourselves at the end of the yard on a big, flat, smooth-faced
stone, and Billy produced from his pocket a number of “em” quads, so he
called them, and with which the carriers had learned from the printers’
boys to play a very beautiful game. You shook the pieces of metal in
your hands and threw them on the stone; your score depended upon the
number of nicked sides that were turned uppermost. We played this game
in the interest of good-fellowship for a little. Then Billy told me that
the carriers always played it for pennies, and that it was unmanly for
us to do otherwise. He had no pennies at that precise moment, but would
pay at the end of the week what he had lost; in the meantime there was
my twenty cents to go on with. After this Billy threw so many nicks
uppermost that my courage gave way, and I made an attempt to stop the
game; but a single remark from him as to the military destiny which he
was reserving for me, if I only displayed true soldierly nerve and grit,
sufficed to quiet me once more, and the play went on. I had now only
five cents left.

Suddenly a shadow interposed itself between the sunlight and the stone.
I looked up, to behold a small boy with bare arms and a blackened apron
standing over me, watching our game. There was a great deal of ink on
his face and hands, and a hardened, not to say rakish expression in his

“Why don’t you ‘jeff’ with somebody of your own size?” he demanded of
Billy after having looked me over critically.

He was not nearly so big as Billy, and I expected to see the latter
instantly rise and crush him, but Billy only laughed and said we were
playing for fun; he was going to give me all my money back. I was
rejoiced to hear this, but still felt surprised at the propitiatory
manner Billy adopted toward this diminutive inky boy. It was not the
demeanor befitting a side-captain--and what made it worse was that the
strange boy loftily declined to be cajoled by it. He sniffed when Billy
told him about the military company we were forming; he coldly shook his
head, with a curt “Nixie!” when invited to join it; and he laughed aloud
at hearing the name our organization was to bear.

“He ain’t dead at all--that De Witt Hemingway,” he said, with jeering

“Hain’t he though!” exclaimed Billy. “The news come last night. Tom had
to go home--his mother sent for him--on account of it!”

“I’ll bet you a quarter he ain’t dead,” responded the practical inky
boy. “Money up, though!”

“I’ve only got fifteen cents. I’ll bet you that, though,” rejoined
Billy, producing my torn and dishevelled shin-plasters.

“All right! Wait here!” said the boy, running off to the building and
disappearing through the door. There was barely time for me to learn
from my companion that this printer’s apprentice was called “the devil,”
 and could not only whistle between his teeth and crack his fingers, but
chew tobacco, when he reappeared, with a long narrow strip of paper
in his hand. This he held out for us to see, indicating with an ebon
forefinger the special paragraph we were to read. Billy looked at it
sharply, for several moments in silence. Then he said to me: “What does
it say there? I must ’a’ got some powder in my eyes last night.”

I read this paragraph aloud, not without an unworthy feeling that the
inky boy would now respect me deeply:

_“Correction. Lieutenant De Witt C. Hemingway, of Company A, --th New
York, reported in earlier despatches among the killed, is uninjured. The
officer killed is Lieutenant Carl Heinninge, Company F, same regiment.”_

Billy’s face visibly lengthened as I read this out, and he felt us both
looking at him. He made a pretence of examining the slip of paper again,
but in a half-hearted way. Then he ruefully handed over the fifteen
cents and, rising from the stone, shook himself.

“Them Dutchmen never was no good!” was what he said.

The inky boy had put the money in the pocket under his apron, and
grinned now with as much enjoyment as dignity would permit him to show.
He did not seem to mind any longer the original source of his winnings,
and it was apparent that I could not with decency recall it to him. Some
odd impulse prompted me, however, to ask him if I might have the paper
he had in his hand. He was magnanimous enough to present me with the
proof-sheet on the spot. Then with another grin he turned and left us.

Billy stood sullenly kicking with his bare toes into a sand-heap by the
stone. He would not answer me when I spoke to him. It flashed across my
perceptive faculties that he was not such a great man, after all, as I
had imagined. In another instant or two it had become quite clear to me
that I had no admiration for him whatever. Without a word I turned on
my heel and walked determinedly out of the yard and into the street,
homeward bent.

All at once I quickened my pace; something had occurred to me. The
purpose thus conceived grew so swiftly that soon I found myself running.
Up the hill I sped, and straight through the park. If the Irish boys
shouted after me I knew it not, but dashed on heedless of all else save
the one idea. I only halted, breathless and panting, when I stood on Dr.
Stratford’s doorstep, and heard the night-bell inside jangling shrilly
in response to my excited pull.

As I waited, I pictured to myself the old doctor as he would presently
come down, half-dressed and pulling on his coat as he advanced. He would
ask, eagerly, “Who is sick? Where am I to go?” and I would calmly
reply that he unduly alarmed himself, and that I had a message for his
daughter. He would, of course, ask me what it was, and I, politely but
firmly, would decline to explain to any one but the lady in person.
Just what might ensue was not clear--but I beheld myself throughout
commanding the situation, at once benevolent, polished, and inexorable.

The door opened with unlooked-for promptness, while my self-complacent
vision still hung in midair. Instead of the bald and spectacled old
doctor, there confronted me a white-faced, solemn-eyed lady in a black
dress, whom I did not seem to know. I stared at her, tongue-tied, till
she said, in a low, grave voice, “Well, Andrew, what is it?”

Then of course I saw that it was Miss Stratford, my teacher, the person
whom I had come to see. Some vague sense of what the sleepless night had
meant in this house came to me as I gazed confusedly at her mourning,
and heard the echo of her sad tones in my ears.

“Is some one ill?” she asked again.

“No; some one--some one is very well!” I managed to reply, lifting my
eyes again to her wan face. The spectacle of its drawn lines and pallor
all at once assailed my wearied and overtaxed nerves with crushing
weight. I felt myself beginning to whimper, and rushing tears scalded my
eyes. Something inside my breast seemed to be dragging me down through
the stoop.

I have now only the recollection of Miss Stratford’s kneeling by my
side, with a supporting arm around me, and of her thus unrolling and
reading the proof-paper I had in my hand. We were in the hall now,
instead of on the stoop, and there was a long silence. Then she put her
head on my shoulder and wept. I could hear and feel her sobs as if they
were my own.

“I--I didn’t think you’d cry--that you’d be so sorry,” I heard myself
saying, at last, in despondent self-defence.

Miss Stratford lifted her head and, still kneeling as she was, put a
finger under my chin to make me look her in her face. Lo! the eyes were
laughing through their tears; the whole countenance was radiant once
more with the light of happy youth and with that other glory which youth
knows only once.

“Why, Andrew, boy,” she said, trembling, smiling, sobbing, beaming all
at once, “didn’t you know that people cry for very joy sometimes?”

And as I shook my head she bent down and kissed me.



I HELD the lamp, while Aunt Susan cut up the Pig.

The whole day had been devoted, I remember, to preparations for this
great event. Early in the morning I had been to the butcher’s to set in
train the annual negotiations for a loan of cleaver and meat-saw; and
hours afterward had borne these implements proudly homeward through the
village street. In the interval I had turned the grindstone, over at
the Four Corners, while the grocer’s hired man obligingly sharpened our
carving-knife. Then there had been the even more back-aching task of
clearing away the hard snow from the accustomed site of our wood-pile in
the yard, and scraping together a frosted heap of chips and bark for the
smudge in the smoke-barrel.

From time to time I sweetened this toil, and helped the laggard hours to
a swifter pace, by paying visits to the wood-shed to have still another
look at the pig. He was frozen very stiff, and there were small icicles
in the crevices whence his eyes had altogether disappeared. My emotions
as I viewed his big, cold, pink carcass, with its extended legs, its
bland and pasty countenance, and that awful emptiness underneath, were
much mixed. Although I was his elder by seven or eight years, we had
been close friends during all his life--or all except a very few weeks
of his earliest sucking pig-hood, spent on his native farm. I had fed
him daily; I had watched him grow week by week; more than once I had
poked him with a stick as he ran around in his sty, to make him squeal
for the edification of neighbors’ boys who had come into our yard, and
would now be sharply ordered out again by Aunt Susan.

As these kindly memories surged over me I could not but feel like a
traitor to my old companion, as he lay thus hairless and pallid before
my eyes. But then I would remember how good he was going to be to
eat--and straightway return with a light heart to the work of kicking up
more chips from the ice.

From the living-room in the rear of our little house came the monotonous
incessant clatter of Aunt Susan’s carpet loom. Through the window I
could see the outlines of her figure and the back of her head as she
sat on her high bench. It was to me the most familiar of all spectacles,
this tireless woman bending resolutely over her work. She was there when
I first cautiously ventured my nose out from under the warm blanket of
a winter’s morning. Very, very often I fell asleep at night in my bed in
the recess, lulled off by the murmur of the diligent loom.

Presently I went in to warm myself, and stood with my red fingers over
the stove top. She cast but one vague glance at me, through the open
frame of the loom between us, and went on with her work. It was not
our habit to talk much in that house. She was too busy a woman, for
one thing, to have much time for conversation. The impression that she
preferred not to talk was always present in my boyish mind. I call up
the picture of her still as I saw her then under the top bar of the
cumbrous old machine, sitting with lips tight together, and resolute,
masterful eyes bent upon the twining intricacy of warp and woof before
her. At her side were piled a dozen or more big balls of carpet rags,
which the village wives and daughters cut up, sewed together and
wound in the long winter evenings, while the men-folks sat with their
stockinged feet on the stove hearth, and read out the latest “news from
the front” in their _Weekly Tribune_.

I knew all these rag balls by the names of their owners. Not only did
I often go to their houses for them, upon the strength of the general
village rumor that they were ready, and always carry back the finished
lengths of carpet; but I had long since unconsciously grown to watch
all the varying garments and shifts of fashion in the raiment of our
neighbors, with an eye single to the likelihood of their eventually
turning up at Aunt Susan’s loom. When Hiram Mabie’s checkered butternut
coat was cut down for his son Roswell, I noted the fact merely as a
stage of its progress toward carpet rags. If Mrs. Wilkins concluded to
turn her flowered delaine dress a third year, or Sarah Northrup had her
bright saffron shawl dyed black, I was sensible of a wrong having been
done our little household. I felt like crossing the street whenever I
saw approaching the portly figure of Cyrus Husted’s mother, the woman
who dragged everybody into her house to show them the ingrain carpet she
had bought at Tecumseh, and assured them that it was much cheaper in the
long run than the products of my aunt’s industry. I tingled with
indignation as she passed me on the sidewalk, puffing for breath and
stepping mincingly because her shoes were too tight for her.

Nearly all the knowledge of our neighbors’ sayings and doings which
reached Aunt Susan came to her from me. She kept herself to herself with
a vengeance, toiling early and late, rarely going beyond the confines of
her yard save on Sunday mornings, when we went to church, and treating
with frosty curtness the few people who ventured to come to our house
on business or from social curiosity. For one thing, this Juno Mills in
which we lived was not really our home. We had only been there for four
or five years--a space which indeed spanned all my recollections of
life--but left my Aunt more or less a stranger and a new-comer. She
spared no pains to maintain that condition. I can see now that there
were good reasons for this stern aloofness. At the time I thought it was
altogether due to the proud and unsociable nature of my Aunt.

In my child’s mind I regarded her as distinctly an elderly person.
People outside, I know, spoke of her as an old maid, sometimes winking
furtively over my head as they did so. But she was not really old at
all--was in truth just barely in the thirties.

Doubtless the fact that she was tall and dark, with very black hair,
and that years of steady concentration of sight, upon the strings and
threads of the loom, had scored a scowling vertical wrinkle between her
near-sighted eyes gave me my notion of her advanced maturity. And in
all her ways and words, too, she was so far removed from any idea of
youthful softness! I could not remember her having ever kissed me. My
imagination never evolved the conceit of her kissing anybody. I had
always had at her hands uniformly good treatment, good food, good
clothes; after I had learned my letters from the old maroon plush label
on the Babbitt’s soap box which held the wood behind the stove, and
expanded this knowledge by a study of street signs, she had herself
taught me how to read, and later provided me with books for the village
school. She was my only known relative--the only person in the world
who had ever done anything for me. Yet it could not be said that I loved
her. Indeed she no more raised the suggestion of tenderness in my mind
than did the loom at which she spent her waking hours.

“The Perkinses asked me why you didn’t get the butcher to cut up the
pig,” I remarked at last, rubbing my hands together over the hot stove

“It’s none of their business!” said Aunt Susan, with laconic promptness.

“And Devillo Pollard’s got a new overcoat,” I added. “He hasn’t worn the
old army one now for upward of a week.”

“If this war goes on much longer,” commented my Aunt, “every carpet in
Dearborn County ‘ll be as blue as a whetstone.”

I think that must have been the entire conversation of the afternoon. I
especially recall the remark about the overcoat. For two years now
the balls of rags had contained an increasing proportion of pale blue
woollen strips, as the men of the country round about came home from
the South, or bought cheap garments from the second-hand dealers in
Tecumseh. All other colors had died out. There was only this light blue,
and the black of bombazine or worsted mourning into which the news in
each week’s papers forced one or another of the neighboring families.
To obviate this monotony, some of the women dyed their white rags with
butternut or even cochineal, but this was a mere drop in the bucket,
so to speak. The loom spun out only long, depressing rolls of black and

My memory leaps lightly forward now to the early evening, when I held
the lamp in the woodshed, and Aunt Susan cut up the pig.

How joyfully I watched her every operation! Every now and again my
interest grew so beyond proper bounds that I held the lamp sidewise,
and the flame smoked the chimney. I was in mortal terror over this lamp,
even when it was standing on the table quite by itself. We often read
in the paper of explosions from this new kerosene by which people were
instantly killed and houses wrapped in an unquenchable fire. Aunt Susan
had stood out against the strange invention, long after most of the
other homes of Juno Mills were familiar with the idea of the lamp. Even
after she had yielded, and I went to the grocery for more oil and fresh
chimneys and wicks, like other boys, she refused to believe that this
inflammable fluid was really squeezed out of hard coal, as they said.
And for years we lived in momentary belief that our lamp was about to

My fears of sudden death could not, however, for a moment stand up
against the delighted excitement with which I viewed the dismemberment
of the pig. It was very cold in the shed, but neither of us noticed
that. My Aunt attacked the job with skilful resolution and energy, as
was her way, chopping small bones, sawing vehemently through big ones,
hacking and slicing with the knife, like a strong man in a hurry.

For a long time no word was spoken. I gazed in silence as the head was
detached, and then resolved itself slowly into souse--always tacitly set
aside as my special portion. In prophecy I saw the big pan, filled with
ears, cheeks, snout, feet, and tail, all boiled and allowed to grow cold
in their own jelly--that pan to which I was free to repair any time of
day until everything was gone. I thought of myself, too, with apron tied
round my neck and the chopping-bowl on my knees, reducing what remained
of the head into small bits, to be seasoned by my Aunt, and then fill
other pans as head-cheese. The sage and summer savory hung in paper
flour-bags from the rafters overhead. I looked up at them with rapture.
It seemed as if my mouth already tasted them in head-cheese and sausage
and in the hot gravy which basted the succulent spare-rib. Only the
abiding menace of the lamp kept me from dancing with delight.

Gradually, however, as my Aunt passed from the tid-bits to the more
substantial portions of her task, getting out the shoulders, the
hams for smoking, the pieces for salting down in the brine-barrel, my
enthusiasm languished a trifle. The lamp grew heavy as I changed it from
hand to hand, holding the free fingers at a respectful distance over the
chimney-top for warmth, and shuffling my feet about. It was truly very
cold. I strove to divert myself by smiling at the big shadow my bustling
Aunt cast against the house side of the shed, and by moving the lamp to
affect its proportions, but broke out into yawns instead. A mouse ran
swiftly across the scantling just under the lean-to roof. At the same
time I thought I caught the muffled sound of distant rapping, as if at
our own rarely used front door. I was too sleepy to decide whether I had
really heard a noise or not.

All at once I roused myself with a start. The lamp had nearly slipped
from my hands, and the horror of what might have happened frightened me
into wakefulness.

“The Perkins girls keep on calling me ‘Wise child.’ They yell it after
me all the while,” I said, desperately clutching at a subject which I
hoped would interest my Aunt. I had spoken to her about it a week or so
before, and it had stirred her quite out of her wonted stern calm. If
anything would induce her to talk now, it would be this.

“They do, eh?” she said, with an alert sharpness of voice, which
dwindled away into a sigh. Then, after a moment, she added, “Well,
never you mind. You just keep right on, tending to your own affairs, and
studying your lessons, and in time it’ll be you who can laugh at them
and all their low-down lot. They only do it to make you feel bad. Just
don’t you humor them.”

“But I don’t see,” I went on, “why--what do they call me ‘wise child’
_for?_ I asked Hi Budd, up at the Corners, but he only just chuckled and
chuckled to himself, and wouldn’t say a word.”

My Aunt suspended work for the moment, and looked severely down upon
me. “Well! Ira Clarence Blodgett!” she said, with grim emphasis, “I am
ashamed of you! I thought you had more pride! The idea of talking about
things like that with a coarse, rough, hired man--in a barn!”

To hear my full name thus pronounced, syllable by syllable, sent me
fairly weltering, as it were, under Aunt Susan’s utmost condemnation. It
was the punishment reserved for my gravest crimes. I hung my head, and
felt the lamp wagging nervelessly in my hands. I could not deny even her
speculative impeachment as to the barn; it was blankly apparent in my
mind that the fact of the barn made matters much worse. “I was helping
him wash their two-seated sleigh,” I submitted, weakly. “He asked me

“What does that matter?” she asked, peremptorily. “What business have
you got going around talking with men about me?”

“Why, it wasn’t about you at all, Aunt Susan,” I put in more
confidently. “I said the Perkins girls kept calling me ‘wise child,’ and
I asked Hi--”

Aunt Susan sighed once more, and interrupted me to inspect the wick of
the lamp. Then she turned again to her work, but less spiritedly now.
She took up the cleaver with almost an air of sadness.

“You don’t understand--yet,” she said. “But don’t make it any harder
for me by talking. Just go along and say nothing to nobody. People will
think more of you.”

My mind strove in vain to grapple with this suggested picture of myself,
moving about in perpetual dumbness, followed everywhere by universal
admiration. The lamp would _not_ hold itself straight.

All at once we both distinctly heard the sound of footsteps close
outside. The noise of crunching on the dry, frozen snow came through
the thin clapboards with sharp resonance. Aunt Susan ceased cutting and

“I heard somebody rapping at the front door a spell ago,” I ventured
to whisper. My Aunt looked at me, and probably realized that I was too
sleepy to be accountable for my actions. At all events she said nothing,
but moved toward the low door of the shed, cleaver in hand.

“Who’s there?” she called out in shrill, belligerent tones; and this
demand she repeated, after an interval of silence, when an irresolute
knocking was heard on the door.

We heard a man coughing immediately outside the door. I saw Aunt Susan
start at the sound--almost as if she recognized it. A moment later this
man, whoever he was, mastered his cough sufficiently to call out, in a
hesitating way:

“Is that you, Susan?”

Aunt Susan raised her chin on the instant, her nostrils drawn in, her
eyes flashing like those of a pointer when he sees a gun lifted. I had
never seen her so excited. She wheeled round once, and covered me with
a swift, penetrating, comprehensive glance, under which my knees smote
together, and the lamp lurched perilously. Then she turned again, glided
toward the door, halted, moved backward two or three steps--looked again
at me, and this time spoke.

“Well, I _swan!_” was what she said, and I felt that she looked it.

“Susan! Is that you?” came the voice again, hoarsely appealing. It was
not the voice of any neighbor. I made sure I had never heard it before.
I could have smiled to myself at the presumption of any man calling my
Aunt by her first name, if I had not been too deeply mystified.

“I’ve been directed here to find Miss Susan Pike,” the man outside
explained, between fresh coughings.

“Well, then, mog your boots out of this as quick as ever you can!” my
Aunt replied, with great promptitude. “You won’t find her here!”

“But I _have_ found her!” the stranger protested, with an accent of
wearied deprecation. “Don’t you know me, Susan? I am not strong, this
cold air is very bad for me.”

“I say ‘get out!’” my Aunt replied, sharply. Her tone was unrelenting
enough, but I noted that she had tipped her head a little to one side,
a clear sign to me that she was opening her mind to argument. I felt
certain that presently I should see this man.

And, sure enough, after some further parley, Susan went to the door,
and, with a half-defiant gesture, knocked the hook up out of the staple.

“Come along then, if you must!” she said, in scornful tones. Then she
marched back till she stood beside me, angry resolution written all over
her face and the cleaver in her hand.

A tall, dark figure, opaque against a gleaming background of moonlight
and snowlight, was what I for a moment saw in the frame of the open
doorway. Then, as he entered, shut and hooked the door behind him, and
stood looking in a dazed way over at our lamplit group, I saw that he
was a slender, delicately featured man, with a long beard of yellowish
brown, and gentle eyes. He was clad as a soldier, heavy azure-hued
caped overcoat and all, and I already knew enough of uniforms--cruel
familiarity of my war-time infancy--to tell by his cap that he was an
officer. He coughed again before a word was spoken. He looked the
last man in the world to go about routing up peaceful households of a
winter’s night.

“Well, now--what is your business?” demanded Aunt Susan. She put her
hand on my shoulder as she spoke, something I had never known her to
do before. I felt confused under this novel caress, and it seemed only
natural that the stranger, having studied my Aunt’s face in a wistful
way for a moment, should turn his gaze upon me. I was truly a remarkable
object, with Aunt Susan’s hand on my shoulder.

“I could make no one hear at the other door. I saw the light through the
window here, and came around,” the stranger explained. He sent little
straying glances at the remains of the pig and at the weapon my Aunt
held at her side, but for the most part looked steadily at me.

“That doesn’t matter,” said Aunt Susan, coldly.

“What do you want, now that you _are_ here? Why did you come at all?
What business had you to think that I ever wanted to lay eyes on you
again? How could you have the courage to show your face here--in _my_

The man’s shoulders shivered under their cape, and a wan smile curled in
his beard. “You keep your house at a very low temperature,” he said with
grave pleasantry. He did not seem to mind Aunt Susan’s hostile demeanor
at all.

“I was badly wounded last September,” he went on, quite as if that was
what she had asked him, “and lay at the point of death for weeks. Then
they sent me North, and I have been in the hospital at Albany ever
since. One of the nurses there, struck by my name, asked me if I had
any relatives in her village--that is, Juno Mills. In that way I learned
where you were living. I suppose I ought not to have come--against
doctor’s orders--the journey has been too much--I have suffered a good
deal these last two hours.”

I felt my Aunt’s hand shake a little on my shoulder. Her voice, though,
was as implacable as ever.

“There is a much better reason than that why you should not have come,”
 she said, bitterly.

The stranger was talking to her, but looking at me. He took a step
toward me now, with a softened sparkle in his eyes and an outstretched
hand. “This--this then is the boy, is it?” he asked.

With a gesture of amazing swiftness Aunt Susan threw her arm about me,
and drew me close to her side, lamp and all. With her other hand she
lifted and almost brandished the cleaver.

“No, you don’t!” she cried. “You don’t touch him! He’s mine! I’ve worked
for him day and night ever since I took him from his dying mother’s
breast. I closed her eyes. I forgave her. Blood is thicker ’n water after
all. She was my sister. Yes, I forgave poor Emmeline, and I kissed her
before she died. She gave the boy to me, and he’s mine! Mine, do you

“My dear Susan--” our visitor began. “Don’t ‘dear Susan’ me! I heard it
once--once too often. Oh, never again! You left me to run away with her.
I don’t speak of that. I forgave that when I forgave her. But that was
the least of it. You left her to herself for months before she died.
You’ve left the boy to himself ever since. You can’t begin now. I’ve
worked my fingers to the bone for him--you can’t make me stop now.”

“I went to California,” he went on in a low voice, speaking with
difficulty. “We didn’t get on together as smoothly as we might perhaps,
but I had no earthly notion of deserting her. I was ill myself, lying in
yellow-fever quarantine off Key West, at the very time she died. When
I finally got back you and the child were both gone. I could not trace
you. I went to the war. I had made money in California. It is trebled
now. I rose to be Colonel--I have a Brigadier’s brevet in my pocket now.
Yet I give you my word I never have desired anything so much, all the
time, as to find you again--you and the boy.”

My Aunt nodded her head comprehendingly. I felt from the tremor of
her hand that she was forcing herself against her own desires to be

“Yes, that war,” was what she said. “I know about that war! The honest
men that go get killed. But you--_you_ come back!”

The man frowned wearily, and gave a little groan of discouragement.
“Then this is final, is it? You don’t wish to speak with me; you really
desire to keep the boy--you are set against my ever seeing him--touching
him. Why, then, of course--of course--excuse my--”

And then for the first time I saw a human being tumble in a dead swoon.
My little brain, dazed and bewildered by the strange new things I was
hearing, lagged behind my eyes in following the sudden pallor on the
man’s face--lagged behind my ears in noting the tell-tale quaver and
gasp in his voice. Before I comprehended what was toward--lo! there was
no man standing in front of me at all.

Like a flash Aunt Susan snatched the lamp from my grasp and flung
herself upon her knees beside the limp and huddled figure. After a
momentary inspection of the white, bearded face, she set the lamp down
on the frozen earth floor and took his head upon her lap.

“Take the lamp, run to the buttery, and bring the bottle of hartshorn!”
 she commanded me, hurriedly. “Or, no--wait--open the door--that’s
it--walk ahead with the light!”

The strong woman stood upright as she spoke, her shoulders braced
against the burden she bore in her arms. Unaided, with slow steps, she
carried the senseless form of the soldier into the living-room, and held
it without rest of any sort, the while I, under her direction, wildly
tore off quilts, blankets, sheets, and feather-tick from my bed and
heaped them up on the floor beside the stove. Then, when I had spread
them to her liking, she bent and gently laid him down.

“_Now_ get the hartshorn,” she said.. I heard her putting more wood on
the fire, but when I returned with the phial she sat once again with the
stranger’s head upon her knee. She was softly stroking the fine, waving
brown hair upon his brow, but her eyes were lifted, looking dreamily at
far-away things. I could have sworn to the beginnings of a smile about
her parted lips. It was not like my Aunt Susan at all.

“Come here, Ira,” I heard her say at last, after a long time had been
spent in silence. I walked over and stood at her shoulder, looking down
upon the pale face upturned against the black of her worn dress.
The blue veins just discernible in temples and closed eyelids, the
delicately turned features, the way his brown beard curled, the fact
that his breathing was gently regular once more--these are what I saw.
But my Aunt seemed to demand that I should see more.

“Well?” she asked, in a tone mellowed beyond all recognition. “Don’t
you--don’t you see who it is?”

I suppose I really must have had an idea by this time. But I remember
that I shook my head.

My Aunt positively did smile this time. “The Perkins girls were wrong,”
 she said; “there isn’t the least smitch of a ‘wise child’ about _you!_”

There was another pause. Emboldened by consciousness of a change in
the emotional atmosphere, I was moved to lay my hand upon my Aunt’s
shoulder. The action did not seem to displease her, and we remained thus
for some minutes, watching together this strange addition to our family

Finally she told me to get on my cap, comforter, and mittens, and run
over to Dr. Peabody’s and fetch him back with me. The purport of my
mission oppressed me.

“Is he going to die then?” I asked.

Aunt Susan laughed outright. “You little goose,” she said; “do you think
the doctors kill people _every_ time?”

And, laughing again, with a trembling softness in her voice and tears
upon her black eyelashes, she lifted her face to mine--and kissed me!


No fatality dogged good old Doctor Peabody’s big footsteps through the
snow that night. I fell asleep while he was still at my Aunt’s house,
but not before the stranger had recovered consciousness, and was sitting
up in the large rocking-chair, and it was clearly understood that he was
soon to be well again.

The kindly, garrulous doctor did more than reassure our little
household. He must have spent most of the night going about reassuring
the other households of Juno Mills. At all events, when I first went
out next morning--while our neighbors were still eating their buckwheat
cakes and pork fat by lamplight--everybody seemed to know that my
father, the distinguished Colonel Blodgett, had returned from the war on
sick-leave, and was lying ill at the house of his sister-in-law. I
felt at once the altered attitude of the village toward me. Important
citizens who had never spoken to me before--dignified and portly men
in blue cutaway coats with brass buttons, and high stiff hats of shaggy
white silk--stopped now to lay their hands on the top of my head and ask
me how my father, the Colonel, was getting along. The grocer’s hired man
gave me a Jackson ball and two molasses cookies the very first time I
saw him. Even the Perkins girls, during the course of the afternoon,
strolled over to our front gate, and, instead of hurling enigmatic
objurgations at me, invited me to come out and play. The butcher of his
own accord came and finished cutting up the pig.

These changes came back to me as one part of the great metamorphosis
which the night’s events had wrought. Another part was the definite
disappearance of the stern-faced, tirelessly toiling old maid I had
known all my life as Aunt Susan. In her place there was now a much
younger woman, with pleasant lines about her pretty mouth, and eyes that
twinkled when they looked at me, and who paid no attention to the loom
whatever, but bustled cheerily about the house instead, thinking only of
good things for us to eat.

I remember that I marked my sense of the difference by abandoning the
old name of Aunt Susan, and calling her now just “Auntie.” And one day,
in the mid-spring, after she and her convalescent patient had returned
from their first drive together in the country round about, she told
me, as she took off her new bonnet in an absent-minded way, and looked
meditatively at the old disused loom, and then bent down to brush my
forehead with her warm lips--she told me that henceforth I was to call
her Mother.

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