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Title: Junior Ranger Booklet: Mesa Verde
Author: United States. National Park Service
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Junior Ranger Booklet: Mesa Verde" ***

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                               Mesa Verde
                         Junior Ranger Booklet

                         National Park Service
                    U.S. Department of the Interior
                        Mesa Verde National Park

                  Welcome to Mesa Verde National Park!

_The National Park Service and its park rangers care for special places
like Mesa Verde for today’s and future generations to enjoy. That means
YOU, as well as your children and grandchildren!_

    [Illustration: Kathy and Gentle Rain]

Hi! My name is Kathy and this is my new friend, Gentle Rain. Gentle Rain
and her family used to live in a Mesa Verde cliff dwelling 750 years
ago. She helped me become a Junior Ranger, and now both of us want to
help you.

Becoming a Junior Ranger is fun! As you explore the park, you will learn
about Gentle Rain’s culture, look for items her family and friends might
have used, and visit their homes. Just follow our directions and you’ll
earn a Mesa Verde Junior Ranger badge in no time!

_To earn your Mesa Verde Junior Ranger badge, just complete the
following steps_:

1. Complete the activity called “Being A Good Steward.”

2. Then, complete at least 3 more activities. Once you choose the
activities you want to do, use these special codes to know which
questions to answer for your age group:

       {4-7}            {8-9}           {10-up}
     Ages 4-7         Ages 8-9        Ages 10-up

3. Once you have finished steps 1 and 2 above, take your booklet to any
park information center to receive your Mesa Verde Junior Ranger badge.

          Suggested Activities
          Half Day (2-3 hours)

  Being a Good Steward               3
  Ancestral Puebloan Life            4
  Times Have Changed                 6
  Cliff Dwelling Bingo              10

          Suggested Activities
            Full Day or More

  Being a Good Steward               3
  Ancestral Puebloan Life            4
  Generations (Mesa Top Loop         8
  A-Mazing Migration                11
  or more.....


This Junior Ranger booklet was created through the partnership of the
National Park Service (NPS), the National Park Foundation (NPF), and the
Student Conservation Association (SCA) and was made possible through the
generous support of Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., a National Corporate
Partner of NPF. Thanks, also, to Junior Ranger Ambassador, Clint
Herriman. To learn more about the online Junior Ranger program, visit

Illustrations and artwork by Mary Lloyd, Talela Hales, Marna Bastian, DJ
Webb, and Jim Tschetter. Use of “Through a Child’s Eyes,” on the cover
and throughout booklet, courtesy of Mesa Verde Museum Association.

    [Illustration: National Park Service • National Park Foundation •
    SCA • Ocean Spray Craisins]

                          Being A Good Steward

Activity can be done anywhere.

{Kathy} Kathy: To become a Junior Ranger we need to be good stewards. A
steward is someone who helps take care of something that belongs to
everyone. Since we share our national parks with thousands, even
millions of other people, a Junior Ranger should know how to be a good
steward while visiting these special places. It’s easy. All you have to
do is learn and follow the rules of the park. Learning the rules lets us
know how to stay safe and take care of the park.

       {4-7}            {8-9}           {10-up}
     Circle 4         Circle 4         Circle 4
    Describe 1       Describe 2       Describe 4

_Directions_—Look at the picture below.

  • Circle four things people are doing that are harmful, and
  • Describe WHY they are wrong.

    [Illustration: Harmful activities]

    1. ______________________________
    2. ______________________________
    3. ______________________________
    4. ______________________________

                        Ancestral Puebloan Life

Activity for the Chapin Mesa Archeological Museum.

{Gentle Rain} Gentle Rain: Mesa Verde National Park protects over 700
years of history about my people, the Ancestral Pueblo people.
Throughout the museum, you will discover how we learned to adapt to our
environment in order to meet our basic needs of food, water, and

_Directions_—Have fun as you explore the dioramas and exhibits to find
the answers to the museum activity questions.


FOOD—_3rd Diorama_ (_Check or circle the right answer_)

Look carefully around the diorama. What did the Ancestral Pueblo people
(Modified Basketmakers) NOT eat?

  [_] Corn
  [_] Beans
  [_] Meat
  [_] Oranges

WATER—_4th Diorama_

Find the place where residents of this Mesa Verde pueblo got their
water. What is it?

  [_] Faucet
  [_] Spring
  [_] River
  [_] Ocean

SHELTER—_5th Diorama_

Look for a circular room being built in the ground in front of the cliff
dwelling. What is it?

  [_] Swimming Pool
  [_] Kiva
  [_] Trash Pit


Mesa Verde pottery is known for its beautiful designs. Draw your own
design on the jar below. (_If you want an example, see the pottery

    [Illustration: Pottery jar]


FOOD—_Exhibit Area_

Find a tool they used to plant corn. What is it?

______________________________ (_Hint: See “People of Corn” exhibit_)

WATER—_Exhibit Area_

Find an item that women used to carry the water from the springs to
their homes. What is it called?

______________________________ (_Hint: See “Beginning of Pottery”

SHELTER—_Exhibit Area_

What is a kiva? How was it used?



Place an X over the plants and animals you find as you go through the
museum exhibits.

         {}                {}                {}
   Bighorn Sheep          Corn             Turkey
        [_]               [_]               [_]
         {}                {}                {}
       Yucca             Rabbit            Squash
        [_]               [_]               [_]
         {}                {}                {}
       Beans          Prickly pear      Pinyon nuts
        [_]               [_]               [_]



Use the clues below to complete the crossword puzzle. _Begin in the
exhibit room across from the dioramas._

    [Illustration: CROSSWORD PUZZLE]

    1. ______________________________ This crop was very important to
          the Ancestral Puebloans’ way of life. A part of this plant has
          been found in almost every room, kiva, and work area in Mesa
          Verde (_Room 1_)
    2. ______________________________ Before the bow and arrow, this
          spear-throwing device was used to hunt large game. (_Room 1_)
    3. ______________________________ This was the first type of house
          built in Mesa Verde. (_Room 2_)
    4. ______________________________ These small bowls with long
          handles were used for dipping and pouring liquids. (_Room 3_)
    5. ______________________________ Scientists study wood beams used
          in the construction of a dwelling to learn when the structure
          was built. What is this science called? (_Room 4_)
    6. ______________________________ The Ancestral Puebloans were good
          at conserving water in this dry climate. You can save water at
          home by turning this off while brushing your teeth.

                           Times Have Changed

Activity can be done anywhere.

{Gentle Rain} Gentle Rain: My family learned how to adapt and survive at
Mesa Verde by using what nature provided. Because of this, my life at
Mesa Verde was very different from your everyday life. At a young age,
children helped with daily chores. We didn’t go to school, but we
learned valuable life lessons everyday. We learned how to grow crops,
hunt, make pottery, and build houses with mud and stone. We gathered
materials from our surroundings to make what we needed. We also learned
about our history through stories told by our grandparents.

_Directions_—Discover how we lived in Mesa Verde by completing the
following activities for your age group.

{4-7} Draw a line from each item in the left column (things we use or do
today) with an item in the right column (things the Ancestral Pueblo
people used or did then.)

               Now                             Then

          {Water faucet}            {Basket and ears of corn}
  ______________________________                A.
            {Pet cat}                 {Clay pot in fire pit}
  ______________________________                B.
         {Microwave oven}             {Water pot and dipper}
  ______________________________                C.
    {Canned and packaged corn}        {Domesticated turkey}
  ______________________________                D.

{8-9} The boxes list items used by Ancestral Pueblo people at Mesa
Verde. Read the items in each box, then use the blanks beside the box to
write the name of the natural resource used to make everything in the
box. One is started for you. (_Hint: Answers are in the 10-up activity
word list below._)



  Bone tools and jewelry
  Warm blanket

  Pine nuts (food)
  Timber for building
  Pitch for waterproofing

{10-up} To learn more about Gentle Rain’s life in Mesa Verde, fill in
the blanks to read the following story. If you have little brothers or
sisters, they might like to hear the story when you are done. (_Use the
word list to fill in the blanks and complete the story._)


My family and I live in a stone room of a cliff dwelling. The people of
my village wake up very early and start cooking fires in the rooms and
courtyards. Every morning, my mother goes to collect water from the
nearest ______________________________ spring while I feed the turkeys.

As soon as the morning meal is eaten, the men and boys climb up the
cliff face using ______________________________ and toe holds to reach
the fields. Spring days are spent clearing the fields and planting
______________________________, beans, and squash. Corn is our most
important crop. The women use manos and ______________________________
to grind the corn into meal. But for now, my mother is teaching my
younger sister how to make ______________________________ from
______________________________. We use it for cooking, and storing food
and water.

Throughout the year, the men hunt mule deer and
______________________________, while children help the women gather
wild plants, such as nuts from the ______________________________ pine
trees, grains from ricegrass, and pads from the prickly pear cactus.
Much of this food is stored for the winter. We also collect
______________________________ leaves to pound into fibers to make rope,
sandals, and baskets. My father weaves ______________________________
feathers with yucca fibers to make blankets for the winter.

When the ______________________________ are not used for ceremonies, we
spend time in these warm, underground rooms listening to the stories of
our people, or working on crafts such as weaving, basketry, and making

No matter the time of the year, my people are busy with the daily tasks
needed to survive in Mesa Verde.


Activity for the Mesa Top Loop Drive.

{Gentle Rain} Gentle Rain: My people did not always live in cliff
dwellings at Mesa Verde. For the first 600 years they lived on the mesa
top. As you drive the Mesa Top Loop you will see changes in our housing
styles from pithouse, to pueblo, and finally to cliff dwelling.

_Directions_—Find the answers for your age group in this activity by
driving the Mesa Top Loop and visiting Stops A, B, and C below.

{4-7} PART 1—Connect the Dots:

After driving the Mesa Top Loop, connect the dots to see one of the
Ancestral Puebloan homes.

    [Illustration: Puebloan home]

  PART 2: Which type of home is it?
    [_] Pithouse
    [_] Pueblo
    [_] Cliff Dwelling

_Go to_ PART 3 _to draw your favorite type of home_. ⇒

{8-9} {10-up} PART 1—Scavenger Hunt:

Drive the Mesa Top Loop Road and read the signs at each of the three
stops listed below. Use the signs to find the missing word in each
sentence and fill in the blanks. (_Don’t forget to ask your parents for
help if you need it._)

  A. Pithouse (A.D. 600)
    1. The Ancestral Pueblo people were starting to build
          ______________________________ homes, and becoming farmers.
  B. Pithouses & Early Pueblo Villages (A.D. 700-950)
    2. The Ancestral Pueblo people used ______________________________
          construction (rough stones loosely cemented with clay) when
          they began building above ground villages.
  C. Sun Point View (A.D. 1200-1300)
    3. The Ancestral Pueblo people built their cliff dwellings inside
          cliff ______________________________.

_Next, go to_ PART 2 _at the top of the next page to copy your answers
in the blanks and complete the word search_. ⇒

{8-9} {10-up}

PART 2—Word Search

Locate all twelve words in the word search puzzle below. Circle or draw
a line through each word in the puzzle to finish it. (_Find the three
missing words by completing “PART 1—Scavenger Hunt” above._)

  1. [_] ______________________________
  2. [_] ______________________________
  3. [_] ______________________________
  4. [_] cliff dwelling
  5. [_] community
  6. [_] cooperation
  7. [_] fire pit
  8. [_] kiva
  9. [_] pithouse
  10. [_] pueblo
  11. [_] room
  12. [_] spring

  y  t  i  n  u  m  m  o  c  h  m  p  t
  r  p  p  e  r  m  a  n  e  n  t  i  l
  c  o  o  p  e  r  a  t  i  o  n  t  o
  s  e  v  o  c  l  a  t  k  o  a  h  l
  u  m  a  s  o  n  r  y  l  r  r  o  b
  a  v  i  k  l  o  b  i  l  o  p  u  e
  g  s  p  r  i  n  g  i  r  o  s  s  u
  t  i  p  e  r  i  f  a  p  m  v  e  p
  g  n  i  l  l  e  w  d  f  f  i  l  c

{4-7} {8-9} {10-up} PART 3: Draw the type of house you would most like
to live in.

                          Cliff Dwelling Bingo

Activity can be done at any cliff dwelling.

            {4-7}            {8-9}           {10-up}

{Gentle Rain} Gentle Rain: Visit a cliff dwelling, such as Spruce Tree
House, to see many of the same things I did when I lived here. Remember
to be a good steward by not touching, climbing, or leaning on the walls.

_Directions_—Look for the items below and place an “X” over the ones you
find. Find four in a row across or diagonally.

        {}               {}               {}               {}
      Ladder        T-shaped Door   Juniper Berries  Mano and Metate
        [_]              [_]              [_]              [_]
        {}               {}               {}               {}
    Viga (roof          Yucca            Kiva          Seep Spring
       beam)             [_]              [_]              [_]
        {}               {}               {}               {}
   Prickly Pear      Ranger Hat        Two-story     Soot-blackened
      Cactus             [_]           Building           Wall
        [_]                               [_]              [_]
        {}               {}               {}               {}
      Lizard          Fire Pit        Pinyon Pine         Bird
        [_]              [_]              [_]              [_]

                           A-mazing Migration

Activity can be done anywhere.

{Kathy} Kathy: For some time, it was thought that Gentle Rain’s family
and the rest of the Ancestral Pueblo people simply vanished from Mesa
Verde. We now know that they migrated south over 700 years ago. Their
descendants include the Rio Grande Pueblos in New Mexico, the Hopi in
Arizona, and the Ysleta del Sur in Texas.

_Directions_—Follow the paths through the maze from Mesa Verde to find
the present-day locations of the Ancestral Puebloans’ descendants. You
must travel through and find at least one Ancestral Puebloan item along
the way to each pueblo, and avoid any modern items.

{4-7} Find the Hopi Pueblos.

{8-9} Find the Hopi and Rio Grande Pueblos.

{10-up} Find the Hopi, Rio Grande, and Ysleta del Sur Pueblos.

    [Illustration: Maze]

                        Mesa Verde Junior Ranger
                             Souvenir Page

Be An Artist!

Draw a picture or write about what you liked BEST

What I experienced at Mesa Verde National Park...

Place a check mark next to the cliff dwellings you visited:

  [_] Spruce Tree House
  [_] Balcony House
  [_] Cliff Palace
  [_] Long House
  [_] Step House

Place a check mark next to other activities you did:

  [_] Walked a trail
  [_] Drove the Mesa Top Loop
  [_] Saw a pithouse
  [_] Had a picnic
  [_] Talked to a ranger

    [Illustration: Certificate]

                          This Certifies That

               has completed the Junior Ranger Program at
                        Mesa Verde National Park

As a Mesa Verde Junior Ranger, I promise to be a good steward by
protecting Mesa Verde and all national Parks. I will stay on the trails,
not feed the wildlife, not litter, and recycle when I can. I also
promise to be respectful of other cultures whose way of life may be
different from my own.

              Witnessed by: ______________________________
                        (Park Ranger Signature)
                  Date: ______________________________

                          Transcriber’s Notes

—Silently corrected a few typos.

—Retained publication information from the printed edition: this eBook
  is public-domain in the country of publication.

—In the text versions only, text in italics is delimited by

—In the HTML version only, data entry is supported, but input is not
  preserved across browser refreshes. A record of completed activity may
  be saved by printing as a web page.

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