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Title: Harper's Round Table, December 1, 1896
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Round Table, December 1, 1896" ***

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[Illustration: HARPER'S ROUND TABLE]

Copyright, 1896, by HARPER & BROTHERS. All Rights Reserved.

       *       *       *       *       *

PUBLISHED WEEKLY. NEW YORK, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1896. FIVE CENTS A
COPY.

VOL. XVIII.--NO. 892. TWO DOLLARS A YEAR.

       *       *       *       *       *



[Illustration]

THE MATERIALIZATION OF CHARLES AND MIVANWAY.

BY JEROME K. JEROME.


The fault that most people will find with this story is that it is
unconvincing. Its scheme is improbable, its atmosphere artificial. To
confess that the thing really happened--not as I am about to set it
down, for the pen of the professional writer cannot but adorn and
embroider, even to the detriment of his material--is, I am well aware,
only an aggravation of my offence; for the facts of life are the
impossibilities of fiction. A truer artist would have left this story
alone, or at most have kept it for the irritation of his private circle.
My lower instinct is to make use of it. A very old man told me the tale;
he was landlord of the Cromlech Arms, the only inn of a small,
rock-sheltered village on the northeast coast of Cornwall, and had been
so for nine-and-forty years. It is called the Cromlech Hotel now, and is
under new management, and during the season some four coach-loads of
tourists sit down each day to _table d'hôte_ lunch in the low-ceilinged
parlor. But I am speaking of some time ago when the place was a mere
fishing-harbor, undiscovered by the guide-books.

The old landlord talked, and I harkened, the while we both sat drinking
thin ale from earthen-ware mugs late one summer's evening, on the bench
that runs along the wall just beneath the latticed windows; and during
the many pauses when the old landlord stopped to puff his pipe in
silence and lay in a new stock of breath, there came to us the deep
voices of the Atlantic, and often, mingled with the pompous roar of the
big breakers further out, we would hear the rippling laugh of some small
wave that, maybe, had crept in to listen to the tale the landlord told.

       *       *       *       *       *

The mistake that Charles Seabohn, junior partner of the firm of Seabohn
& Son, civil engineers, of London and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Mivanway
Evans, youngest daughter of the Rev. Thomas Evans, pastor of the
Presbyterian church at Bristol, made originally was in marrying too
young. Charles Seabohn could hardly have been twenty years of age, and
Mivanway could have been little more than seventeen, when they first met
upon the cliffs two miles above the Cromlech Arms. Young Charles
Seabohn, coming upon the village in the course of a walking-tour, had
decided to spend a day or two exploring the picturesque coast; and
Mivanway's father had hired a neighboring farm-house wherein to spend
his summer vacation. Early one morning--for, at twenty, one takes
exercise before breakfast--as young Charles Seabohn lay upon the cliffs,
watching the white waters come and go upon the black rocks beneath him,
he became aware of a form rising from the waves. The figure was too far
off for him to see it clearly, but, judging from the costume, it was a
female figure, and promptly the mind of Charles, poetically inclined,
turned to thoughts of Venus or Aphrodite, as he, being a gentleman of
delicate taste, would have preferred to term her. He saw the figure
disappear behind a headland, but still waited. In about ten minutes or a
quarter of an hour it reappeared clothed in the garments of the
eighteen-sixties, and came towards him. Hidden from sight himself behind
a group of rocks, he could watch it at his leisure ascending the steep
path from the beach; and an exceedingly sweet and dainty figure it would
have appeared even to eyes less susceptible than those of twenty.
Sea-water--I stand open to correction--is not, I believe, considered
anything of a substitute for curling-tongs, but to the hair of the
youngest Miss Evans it had given an additional and most fascinating
wave. Nature's red and white had been most cunningly laid on, and the
large childish eyes seemed to be searching the world for laughter with
which to feed a pair of delicious, pouting lips. Charles's upturned
face, petrified into admiration, appeared to be just the sort of thing
for which they were on the lookout. A startled "Oh!" came from the
slightly parted lips, followed by the merriest of laughs, which in its
turn was suddenly stopped by a deep blush. Then the youngest Miss Evans
looked offended, as though the whole affair had been Charles's fault,
which is the way of women. And Charles, feeling himself guilty under
that stern gaze of indignation, rose awkwardly and apologized meekly,
whether for being on the cliffs at all or for having got up too early he
would have been unable to explain.

The youngest Miss Evans graciously accepted the apology thus tendered
with a bow, and passed on, and Charles stood staring after her till the
valley gathered her into its spreading arms and hid her from his view.

That was the beginning of all things--I am speaking of the universe as
viewed from the stand-point of Charles and Mivanway.

Six months later they were man and wife; or perhaps it would be more
correct to say boy and wifelet. Seabohn senior counselled delay, but was
overruled by his junior partner. The Rev. Mr. Evans, in common with most
theologians, possessed a goodly supply of unmarried daughters and a
limited income. Personally he saw no necessity for postponement of the
marriage.

The month's honeymoon was spent in the New Forest. That was a mistake to
begin with. The New Forest in February is depressing, and they had
chosen the loneliest spot they could find. A fortnight in Paris or Rome
would have been more helpful. As yet they had nothing to talk about
except love, and that they had been talking and writing about steadily
all through the winter. On the tenth morning Charles yawned, and
Mivanway had a quiet half-hour's cry about it in her own room. On the
sixteenth evening Mivanway, feeling irritable, and wondering why (as
though fifteen damp, chilly days in the New Forest were not sufficient
to make any woman irritable), requested Charles not to disarrange her
hair; and Charles, speechless with astonishment, went out into the
garden and swore before all the stars that he would never caress
Mivanway's hair again as long as he lived.

One supreme folly they had conspired to commit even before the
commencement of the honeymoon. Charles, after the manner of very young
lovers, had earnestly requested Mivanway to impose upon him some task.
He desired to do something great and noble to show his devotion. Dragons
were the things he had in his mind, though he may not have been aware of
it. Dragons also, no doubt, flitted through Mivanway's brain; but
unfortunately for lovers, the supply of dragons has lapsed. Mivanway,
liking the conceit, however, thought over it, and then decided that
Charles must give up smoking. She had discussed the matter with her
favorite sister, and that was the only thing the girls could think of.
Charles's face fell. He suggested some more herculean labor, some
sacrifice more worthy to lay at Mivanway's feet. But Mivanway had
spoken. She might think of some other task, but the smoking prohibition
would in any case remain. She dismissed the subject with a pretty
hauteur that would have graced Marie Antoinette.

Thus tobacco, the good angel of all men, no longer came each day to
teach Charles patience and amiability, and he fell into the ways of
short temper and selfishness.

They took up their residence in a suburb of Newcastle, and this was also
unfortunate for them, because there the society was scanty and
middle-aged, and in consequence they had still to depend much upon their
own resources. They knew little of life, less of each other, and nothing
at all of themselves. Of course they quarrelled, and each quarrel left
the wound a little deeper than before. No kindly experienced friend was
at hand to laugh at them. Mivanway would write down all her sorrows in a
bulky diary, which made her feel worse; so that before she had written
for ten minutes her pretty unwise head would drop upon her dimpled arm,
and the book, the proper place for which was behind the fire, would
become damp with her tears; and Charles, his day's work done and the
clerks gone, would linger in his dingy office and hatch trifles into
troubles.

The end came one evening after dinner, when in the heat of a silly
squabble Charles boxed Mivanway's ears. That was very ungentlemanly
conduct, and he was most heartily ashamed of himself the moment he had
done it, which was right and proper for him to be. The only excuse to be
urged on his behalf is that girls sufficiently pretty to have been
spoiled from childhood by every one about them can at times be intensely
irritating. Mivanway rushed up to her room and locked herself in;
Charles flew after her to apologize, but only arrived in time to have
the door slammed in his face.

It had only been the merest touch; a boy's muscles move quicker than his
thoughts. But to Mivanway it was a blow. This is what it had come to!
This was the end of a man's love!

She spent half the night writing in the precious diary, with the result
that in the morning she came down feeling more bitter than when she had
gone up. Charles had walked the streets of Newcastle all night, and that
had not done him any good. He met her with an apology combined with an
excuse, which was bad policy. Mivanway, of course, fastened upon the
excuse, and the quarrel recommenced. She mentioned that she hated him,
he hinted that she had never loved him, and she retorted that he had
never loved her. Had there been anybody by to knock their heads together
and suggest breakfast, the thing might have blown over; but the combined
effect of a sleepless night and an empty stomach upon each proved
disastrous. Their words came poisoned from their brains, and they
believed they meant what they said. That afternoon Charles sailed from
Hull on a ship bound for the Cape, and that evening Mivanway arrived at
the paternal home in Bristol with two trunks and the curt information
that she and Charles had separated forever. The next morning both
thought of a soft speech to say to the other, but the next morning was
just twenty-four hours too late.

Eight days afterward Charles's ship was run down in a fog near the coast
of Portugal, and every soul on board was supposed to have perished.
Mivanway read his name among the list of lost.

By good luck, however, Charles and one other man were rescued by a small
trading-vessel, and landed in Algiers. There Charles learned of his
supposed death, and the idea occurred to him to leave the report
uncontradicted. For one thing, it solved a problem that had been
troubling him. He could trust his father to see to it that his own small
fortune, with possibly something added, was handed over to Mivanway, and
she would be free, if she wished, to marry again. He was convinced that
she did not care for him, and that she had read of his death with a
sense of relief. He would make a new life for himself and forget her.

He continued his journey to the Cape, and once there he soon gained for
himself an excellent position. The colony was young, engineers were
welcome, and Charles knew his business. He found the life interesting
and exciting. The rough, dangerous up-country work suited him, and the
time passed swiftly.

But in thinking he would forget Mivanway, he had not taken into
consideration his own character, which at bottom was a very gentlemanly
character. Out on the lonely veldt he found himself dreaming of her. The
memory of her pretty face and merry laugh came back to him at all hours.
Occasionally he would rate her roundly, but that only meant that he was
sore because of the thought of her; what he was really rating was
himself and his own folly. Softened by the distance, her quick temper,
her very petulance became mere added graces; and if we consider women as
human beings, and not as angels, it was certainly a fact that he had
lost a very sweet and lovable woman.

Ah! if only she were by his side now--now that he was a man, capable of
appreciating her, and not a foolish, selfish boy. This thought would
come to him as he sat smoking at the door of his tent, and then he would
regret that the stars looking down upon him were not the same stars that
were watching her; it would have made him feel nearer to her. For,
though young people may not credit it, one grows more sentimental as one
grows older--at least some of us do, and they, perhaps, not the least
wise.

One night he had a vivid dream of her. She came to him and held out her
hand, and he took it, and they said good-by to one another. They were
standing on the cliff where he had first met her, and one of them was
going upon a long journey, though he was not sure which.

In the towns men laugh at dreams, but away from civilization we listen
more readily to the strange tales that Nature whispers to us. Charles
Seabohn recollected this dream when he awoke in the morning.

"She is dying," he said, "and she has come to wish me good-by."

He made up his mind to return to England at once; perhaps if he made
haste he would be in time to kiss her. But he could not start that day,
for work was to be done, and Charles Seabohn, lover though he still was,
had grown to be a man, and knew that work must not be neglected even
though the heart may be calling. So for a day or two he staid, and on
the third night he dreamed of Mivanway again, and this time she lay
within the little chapel at Bristol where, on Sunday mornings, he had
often sat with her. He heard her father's voice reading the burial
service over her, and the sister she had loved best was sitting beside
him, crying softly! Then Charles knew that there was no need for him to
hasten. So he remained to finish his work. That done, he would return to
England. He would like again to stand upon the cliffs above the little
Cornish village where they had first met.

Thus, a few months later, Charles Seabohn--or Charles Denning, as he
called himself--aged and bronzed, not easily recognizable by those who
had not known him well, walked into the Cromlech Arms, as six years
before he had walked in with his knapsack on his back, and asked for a
room, saying he would be stopping in the village for a short while.

In the evening he strolled out and made his way to the cliffs. It was
twilight when he reached the place of rocks to which the fancy-loving
Cornish folk had given the name of the Witches' Caldron. It was from
this spot that he had first watched Mivanway coming to him from the sea.

He took the pipe from his mouth, and leaning against a rock whose rugged
outline seemed fashioned into the face of an old friend, gazed down the
narrow pathway now growing indistinct in the dim light. And as he gazed,
the figure of Mivanway came slowly up the pathway from the sea and
paused before him.

He felt no fear. He had half expected it. Her coming was the complement
of his dreams. She looked older and graver than he remembered her, but
for that the face was the sweeter.

He wondered if she would speak to him, but she only looked at him with
sad eyes; and he stood there in the shadow of the rocks without moving,
and she passed on into the twilight.

Had he, on his return, cared to discuss the subject with his landlord,
had he even shown himself a ready listener--for the old man loved to
gossip--he might have learned that a young widow-lady named Mrs. Charles
Seabohn, accompanied by an unmarried sister, had lately come to reside
in the neighborhood, having, upon the death of the former tenant, taken
the lease of a small farm-house sheltered in the valley a mile beyond
the village; and that her favorite evening's walk was to the sea and
back by the steep footway leading past the Witches' Caldron.

Had he followed the figure of Mivanway into the valley, he would have
known that out of sight of the Witches' Caldron it took to running fast
till it reached a welcome door, and fell panting into the arms of
another figure that had hastened out to meet it.

"My dear," said the older woman, "you are trembling like a leaf. What
has happened?"

"I have seen him!" answered Mivanway.

"Seen whom?"

"Charles."

"Charles!" repeated the other, looking at Mivanway as though she thought
her mad.

"His spirit, I mean," explained Mivanway, in an awed voice. "It was
standing in the shadow of the rocks, in the exact spot where we first
met. It looked older and more careworn; but oh! Margaret, so sad and
reproachful."

"My dear," said her sister, leading her in, "you are over-wrought. I
wish we had never come back to this house."

"Oh, but I was not frightened," answered Mivanway. "I have been
expecting it every evening. I am so glad it came. Perhaps it will come
again, and I can ask it to forgive me."

So next night Mivanway, though much against her sister's wishes and
advice, persisted in her usual walk, and Charles, at the same twilight
hour, started from the inn.

Again Mivanway saw him standing in the shadow of the rocks. Charles had
made up his mind that if the thing happened again he would speak; but
when the silent figure of Mivanway, clothed in the fading light, stopped
and gazed at him, his will failed him.

That it was the spirit of Mivanway standing before him he had not the
faintest doubt. One may dismiss other people's ghosts as the fantasies
of a weak brain, but one knows one's own to be realities; and Charles
for the last five years had mingled with a people whose dead dwelt about
them. Once, drawing his courage around him, he made to speak, but as he
did so, the figure of Mivanway shrank from him, and only a sigh escaped
his lips; and hearing that, the figure of Mivanway turned, and again
passed down the path into the valley, leaving Charles gazing after it.

But the third night both arrived at the trysting-spot with
determination screwed up to the sticking-point. Charles was the first to
speak. As the figure of Mivanway came towards him with its eyes fixed
sadly on him, he moved from the shadow of the rocks, and stood before
it.

"Mivanway!" he said.

"Charles," replied the figure of Mivanway. Both spoke in an awed whisper
suitable to the circumstances, and each stood gazing sorrowfully upon
the other. "Are you happy?" asked Mivanway.

The question strikes one as somewhat farcical, but it must be remembered
that Mivanway was the daughter of a gospeller of the old school, and had
been brought up to beliefs that were not then out of date.

"As happy as I deserve to be," was the sad reply; and the answer--the
inference was not complimentary to Charles's deserts--struck a chill to
Mivanway's heart. "How could I be happy, having lost you?" went on the
voice of Charles.

Now this speech fell very pleasantly upon Mivanway's ears. In the first
place it relieved her of her despair regarding Charles's future. No
doubt his present suffering was keen, but there was hope for him.
Secondly, it was a decidedly "pretty" speech for a ghost, and I am not
at all sure that Mivanway was the kind of woman to be averse to a little
mild flirtation with the spirit of Charles.

"Can you forgive me?" asked Mivanway.

"Forgive _you_?" replied Charles, in a tone of awed astonishment. "Can
you forgive me? I was a brute--a fool--I was not worthy to love you." A
most gentlemanly spirit it seemed to be. Mivanway forgot to be afraid of
it.

"We were both to blame," answered Mivanway. But this time there was less
submission in her tones. "But I was the most at fault. I was a petulant
child. I did not know how deeply I loved you."

"You loved me?" repeated the voice of Charles, and the voice lingered
over the words.

"Surely you never doubted it," answered the voice of Mivanway. "I shall
love you always and ever."

The figure of Charles sprang forward as though it would clasp the ghost
of Mivanway in its arms, but halted a step or two off. "Bless me before
you go," he said; and with uncovered head the figure of Charles knelt to
the figure of Mivanway.

Really ghosts could be exceedingly nice when they liked. Mivanway bent
graciously towards her shadowy suppliant, and as she did so, her eye
caught sight of something on the grass beside it; that something was a
well-colored meerschaum pipe. There was no mistaking it for anything
else even in that treacherous night; it lay glistening where Charles, in
falling upon his knees, had jerked it from his breast pocket.

Charles, following Mivanway's eyes, saw it also, and the memory of the
prohibition against smoking came back.

Without stopping to consider the futility of the action--nay, the direct
confession implied thereby--he instinctively grabbed at the pipe, and
rammed it back into his pocket; and then an avalanche of mingled
understanding and bewilderment, fear and joy, swept Mivanway's brain
before it. She felt she must do one of two things--laugh or scream, and
go on screaming; and she laughed. Peal after peal of laughter she sent
echoing among the rocks, and Charles, springing to his feet, was just in
time to catch her as she fell forward, a dead weight into his arms.

Ten minutes later the eldest Miss Evans, hearing heavy footsteps, went
to the door. She saw what she took to be the spirit of Charles Seabohn
staggering under the weight of the lifeless body of Mivanway, and the
sight not unnaturally alarmed her. Charles's suggestion of a stimulant,
however, sounded human, and the urgent need of attending to Mivanway
kept her mind from dwelling upon problems tending towards insanity.

Charles carried Mivanway to her room and laid her upon the bed. "I'll
leave her with you," he whispered to the eldest Miss Evans. "It will be
better for her not to see me until she is quite recovered. She has had a
shock."

Charles waited in the dark parlor for what seemed to him an exceedingly
long time. But at last the eldest Miss Evans returned.

"She's all right now," were the welcome words he heard.

"I'll go and see her," he said.

And the eldest Miss Evans, left alone, sat down and wrestled with the
conviction that she was dreaming.



MODELLING IN CLAY.

BY J. HARRY ADAMS.


The boy or girl on whom nature has bestowed the natural talent and
liking for art and art-work, will find clay-modelling a fascinating and
pleasing branch to follow.

[Illustration: FIG. 1.]

To become a perfect modeller, and finally a sculptor, requires years of
patience and perseverance to accomplish the highest degree that can be
aimed at; and to successfully carry out the most minute detail
accurately, necessitates a great deal of patient study and close
application to the work.

To copy simple objects in clay, carrying out the detail and general line
in quite a satisfactory manner, is not a difficult matter, and with some
clay, a few tools, and the skeletons or supports, the amateur should not
meet with any great obstacle if the following descriptions and
instructions are accepted and practised.

It is not possible to give the young modeller the complete
demonstration, but the primary helps can be suggested, so that, if
carried out in the right manner and by the worker with brains, minute
features in the detail can be accomplished that only the inventive brain
of the young artist would grasp and use to good advantage.

[Illustration: FIG. 2.]

Very few tools are necessary at the beginning, and those shown in Nos.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, Fig. 5, are a full complement for any beginner.
The first four are wire tools, made of spring steel or brass wire, about
which fine wire is wrapped; the ends of the wires are securely bound to
the end of a round wooden handle, and sometimes for convenience two ends
are made fast to a single handle; and these tools are called
double-enders, and are used in roughing out the clay in the first stages
of the work. No. 5 is a boxwood tool with one serrated edge, and is used
for finishing. The tools shown in Nos. 6 and 7 are of steel, and are of
use on plaster, where others would not be sufficiently durable. Any of
these tools can be purchased at an art-material store for a few cents
each, except the steel tools, which are more expensive.

A stand or pedestal will be necessary on which to place the clay model,
unless perhaps it should be a medallion, which may be worked over on a
table.

[Illustration: FIG. 3.]

Fig. 6 is a stand that can be made by any boy from a few pieces of pine
two inches square, and a top board one inch and a half in thickness,
and arranged with a central shaft that may be raised or lowered, and to
the top of which a platform is securely attached.

The movable shaft can have some holes bored through it from side to
side, through which a small iron pin may be adjusted to hold the
platform at a desired height. Clay can be purchased at the art stores by
the pound, or in the country a very good quality of light slate-colored
clay may sometimes be found along the edges of brooks, or in swampy
places where running water has washed away the dirt and gravel, leaving
the clear deposit of clay in the consistency of putty.

[Illustration: FIG. 4.]

Supports which the clay models are built upon can be made of wood and
wire, as the requirements necessitate. That for the head is shown in
Fig. 1. Nearly every clay model of any size will need some support, as
clay is heavy and settles, and if not properly supported will soon
become distorted, and the composition spoiled. Add to the paraphernalia
some old soft cloths that can be applied wet to the clay, a pair of
calipers, and a small trowel or spatula.

To model well, the art of drawing is constantly used, the idea of form
is continually brought into play, so the knowledge of drawing is
essential to the good modeller. To begin with, choose some simple object
to copy, such as a vase or some small ornament, then when a satisfactory
result has been obtained, select something a trifle more difficult, such
as a hand or foot.

Plaster heads, hands, feet, and all parts of the human body, as well as
animals and flower pieces, can be purchased at the art stores, but if
they are not available something that may be at hand in which artistic
merit is evident may be chosen as a model.

When copying a head obtain a bust support on which to work the clay, and
a very simple and strong one can be made from a piece of board, two
sticks, and a short piece of pipe wired to the top end of the upright
stick, Fig. 1.

To carry out the proportions of a bust similar to Fig. 4, the clay can
be packed about the support much after the manner shown in Fig. 2. This
will be the support for the clay.

With a lump of clay and the fingers form the general outline as shown in
Fig. 2 for the head, then with the wire tools begin to work away the
clay in places so as to follow the lines of the model. With the calipers
measurements can be taken from the plaster head and used advantageously
in carrying out the accuracy of the clay model. Turn the plaster model
and clay copy occasionally, so that all sides may be presented and
closely followed in line and detail.

Modelling differs from drawing and painting in that every side of the
model is visible, while only the face of the painting is presented to
the eye, where the impression of form and outline is worked out on a
flat surface.

The contour of proportion is the most difficult part of modelling, and
for this reason it is to the student and amateur one of the most
beneficial branches of the fine arts. Having successfully mastered the
head, next attempt a foot from a plaster cast. Select a simple foot, and
afterwards a more elaborate subject, such as a whole figure, can be
tried.

[Illustration: FIG. 5.]

With the wire modelling-tools and the fingers begin to work away the
clay to obtain the general outline and form; continue this in a rough
manner, until a perfect composition is obtained that compares favorably
with the original model; the finishing-touches may then be applied, and
the detail worked up more carefully.

Never complete one part and leave the remaining ones until later; always
work up the model uniformly, adding a little here and there, or taking
away, as may be necessary, and so developing the total composition
gradually.

Always turn both model and copy frequently, that comparison may be
frequently made, and thus training the eye to detect any little
miscalculation in proportions and lines, and by the addition or removal
of small masses the clay will finally take the form and accurate outline
and detail of the original.

Moisten the clay occasionally with water sprayed on with a small
watering-pot or a green-house sprinkler, to keep it soft and ductile,
and when not being worked upon it should be covered with wet cloths to
keep it moist.

[Illustration: FIG. 6.]

As the work progresses the clay may be allowed to harden and
consolidate, but not to dry; if allowed to dry entirely the model may be
considered ruined, as the shrinkage of the clay around the support
results in fissures and fractures that cannot be repaired.

By the time the amateur has acquired the knowledge to attempt a
full-size figure he will invent the devices to support it.

The support or skeleton must of course be adapted to line with the pose
of the figure, and should be of pipe and heavy wire or rods securely
anchored to the base-plate.

The composition of flowers, fruit, foliage, animal life, and landscape
is an inexhaustible one, and some beautiful effects can be had in
flat-work. Good examples of this character of work can be found on all
sides, and to the genius the field of modelling is a broad one, without
limit.

For the help and assistance of those who desire to make a deeper study
there are many hand-books and treatises on the subject by masters and
sculptors, but the boy or girl adopting the work as a pleasant pastime
will find this description very beneficial in the selection of tools and
materials, as well as the primary steps to the great art of sculpture.

When casting from hands, feet, or ornaments where undercut predominates,
the most successful mode is in the use of gelatine or glue.

To cast a head similar to the one shown in Fig. 4, it will be necessary
to make a box frame large enough to place the head in.

The cast is to be well oiled, and down the front and back, running
around under and back over the base block, strong linen threads are to
be stuck on with oil. Warm glue or gelatine is then poured in the box,
and left to chill and solidify.

When sufficiently cold the frame may be removed, leaving the solid block
of glue like hard jelly; the ends of the threads are to be grasped and
torn through the gelatine, thus separating it in two or three parts. The
plaster head may then be removed, and the mould put together again and
surrounded by the frame to hold it in place.

To make a plaster head this plaster of Paris may be poured into the
mould and left for a while, when, on removing the frame and taking the
glue mould away, a perfect reproduction of the original head will be
found.

When very large objects that would require a great deal of plaster are
cast, they are generally made hollow in the following manner:

Obtain the glue mould by the process described, and into it pour a
quantity of thin plaster, having first oiled the surfaces that come in
contact with it. Turn the mould about and upside down, so the plaster
will enter every part and adhere to the glue form. Allow it to "set,"
and again pour some plaster into the mould, which will adhere to the
first coating, and after this has set repeat the operation several
times, until a deposit or coating an inch or more in thickness has been
made.

The glue mould on being removed will reveal a perfect plaster casting
that, instead of being solid, is hollow, and in consequence is much
lighter.



MIDSHIPMAN JACK, U.S.N.

BY WILLIAM DRYSDALE.


"I am not one of those fellows who 'can fight and run away, and live to
fight some other day,'" one of the bravest Lieutenant-Commanders in the
United States navy said one evening to a party of friends, who were
making him feel uncomfortable by discussing his brilliant war record.
"My bad leg won't let me run, so I always have to stand and fight it
out."

"Why, Commander," one of his friends exclaimed, "I did not know that you
had a bad leg. You do not limp."

"No," he answered, "not ordinarily. But when I tire myself I limp a
little, and if I were to undertake to run I should come to grief."

"Where did you receive your injury?" another asked.

"In action at Apalachicola," the Commander replied; "the severest action
I ever saw."

There was a twinkle in his eye as he spoke, and he looked about the
table to see what effect the words had upon his friends. Two of them
merely muttered their sympathy, and the third asked for the story of the
fight; but the fourth man looked up with a comical expression that told
the Commander he was understood in one quarter at least.

"You will certainly have to tell us about that," this fourth man
laughed, seeing that the Commander was waiting for a question; "for I
have always understood that Apalachicola, being an out-of-the-way place,
was one of the few Southern towns that escaped without a scratch in the
war. I never heard of any battle there."

"No, there was no battle there," the Commander replied, "and you would
hardly hear of the action, because there were so few engaged in it. In
fact, I was the only one on the Federal side, and there were no
Confederates. When I was a boy there I fell out of a pine-tree and broke
my thigh; so it was my own action, and one that I still have reason to
remember."

This was the Commander's modest way of describing an accident that
brought out all the manliness he had in him, and made him an officer in
the United States navy, and he seldom gives any other account of it; but
some of the grown-up boys of Apalachicola tell the story in a very
different way--the same "boys," some of them, who used to set out in
parties of three or four and chase young Jack Radway and make life
miserable for him.

Jack had a strange habit, when he was between fifteen and sixteen (this
is the way they tell the story in Apalachicola), of going down to the
wharf and sitting by the half-hour on the end of a spile, looking out
over the bay. That was in 1862. His name was not Jack Radway, but that
is a fairly good sort of name, and on account of the Commander's modesty
it will have to answer for the present. While he sat in this way it was
necessary for him to keep the corner of one eye on the wharf and the
adjacent street, watching for enemies. Oddly enough, every white boy in
the town was Jack's enemy, generous as he was, and brave and
good-hearted; and when one came alone, or even two, if they were not too
big, he was always ready to stay and defend himself. But when three or
four came together he was forced to retire to his father's big brick
warehouse, across the street. They would not follow him there, because
it was well known that the rifle standing beside the desk was always
kept loaded.

This enmity with the other boys, for no fault of his own, was Jack's
great sorrow. A year or two before he had been a favorite with all the
boys and girls, and now he was hungry for a single friend of his own
age. The reason of it was that his father was the only Union man in
Apalachicola. Every white man, woman, and child in the town sympathized
with the Confederacy, except John Radway and his wife and their son
Jack. The elder Radway had thought it over when the trouble began, and
had made up his mind that his allegiance belonged to the old government
that his grandfather had fought for.

Near the mouth of the river lay the United States gunboat _Alleghany_,
guarding the harbor, with the stars and stripes floating bravely at her
stern.

"Look at that flag," Jack's father told him. "Your great-grandfather
fought for it, and I want you always to honor it. It is the grandest
flag in the whole world. It is my flag and yours, and you must never
desert it."

By the side of Mr. Radway's house stood a tall pine-tree, much higher
than the top of the house, with no limbs growing out of the trunk except
at the very top, after the manner of Southern pines. Jack was a great
climber, and nearly every day, when he did not go down town, he
"shinned" up this tall tree to make sure that the gunboat was still in
the harbor. And one day, the day of what the Commander calls "the action
at Apalachicola," he lost his hold in some way, or a limb broke, and he
fell from the top to the ground.

For some time he lay there unconscious, and when he came to his senses
he could not get up. There was a terrible pain in his left hip, and he
called for help, and his mother and some of the colored women ran out
and carried him into the house, and when they laid him on a bed he
fainted again from the pain.

Mr. Radway was sent for, and after he had examined the leg as well as he
could, he looked very solemn, for there was no doubt that the bone was
badly broken. Even Jack, young as he was, could tell that; but with all
his pain he made no complaint.

"This is serious business," he said to his wife when they were out of
Jack's hearing. "The bone is badly fractured at the thigh, and there is
not a doctor left in Apalachicola to set it. Every one of them is away
in the army, and I don't know of a doctor within a hundred miles."

"Except on the gunboat," Mrs. Radway interrupted; "there must be a
surgeon on the gunboat."

"I have thought of that," Mr. Radway answered; "but if he should come
ashore he would almost certainly be killed, so I could not ask him to
come. And if I should take Jack out to the boat, we would very likely be
attacked on the way. I must take time to think."

Medicines were scarce in Apalachicola in those days, but they gave Jack
a few drops of laudanum to ease the pain, and made a cushion of pillows
for his leg. For all his terrible suffering, and the doubt about getting
the bone set, he did not utter a word of complaint. But he turned white
as the pillows, and the great heat of midsummer on the shore of the Gulf
added to his misery.

For hours Mr. Radway walked the floor, trying to make up his mind what
to do. Jack's suffering was agony to him, and the uncertainty of getting
help increased it. Late in the evening, when all the household were in
bed but Mr. and Mrs. Radway, they heard the sound of many feet coming up
the walk, then a shuffling of feet on the piazza, and a heavy knock at
the front door.

[Illustration: "COULD THEY COME TO ATTACK US WHEN THEY KNOW WHAT TROUBLE
WE ARE IN?"]

"Have they the heart for that?" Mr. Radway exclaimed. "Could they come
to attack us when they know what trouble we are in? Some of them shall
pay dearly for it if they have."

The knock was repeated, louder than before, and Mr. Radway took up a
rifle and started for the door. Standing the rifle in the corner of the
wall, and with a cocked revolver in one hand, he turned the key and
opened the door a crack, keeping one foot well braced against it.

"You don't need your gun, neighbor," said the spokesman of the party
without; "it's a peaceable errand we are on this time."

"What is it?" Mr. Radway asked, still suspicious.

"We know the trouble you are in," the man continued, "and we are sorry
for you. It's not John Radway we are down on; it's his principles; but
we want to forget them till we get you out of this scrape. There are
twenty of us here, all your neighbors and former friends. We know there
is no doctor in Apalachicola, and we have come to say that if you can
get the surgeon of the gunboat to come ashore and mend up the sick lad,
he shall have safe-conduct both ways. We will guard him ourselves, and
we pledge our word that not a hair of his head shall be touched."

This friendly act came nearer to breaking down John Radway's bold front
than all the persecutions he had been subjected to. He threw the door
wide open, put the revolver in his pocket, and grasped the spokesman's
hand.

"I need not try to thank you," he said; "you know what I would say if I
could. My poor Jack is in great pain, and I shall make up my mind
between this and daylight what had better be done."

The knowledge that he was surrounded by friends instead of enemies made
Jack feel better in a few minutes; but the pain was too great to be
relieved permanently in such a way, and all night long he lay with his
teeth shut tight, determined to make no complaint.

By daylight he was in such a high fever that his father had no further
doubts about what to do. He must have medical attendance at once; and
the quickest way was to take him out to the gunboat, rather than risk
the delay of getting the surgeon ashore. So a cot-bed was converted into
a stretcher by lashing handles to the sides. Colored men were sent for
to carry it, and another was sent down to the shore to make Mr. Radway's
little boat ready.

The morning sun was just beginning to gild the smooth water of
Apalachicola Bay, when the after-watchman on the gunboat's deck, who for
some time had been watching a little sail-boat with half a table-cloth
flying at the mast-head, called out,

"Small flag-of-truce boat on the port quarter!"

Jack Radway, lying on the stretcher in the bottom of the boat, heard the
words repeated in a lower tone, evidently at the door of the Captain's
cabin: "Small flag-of-truce boat on the port quarter, sir."

An instant later a young officer appeared at the rail with a marine
glass in his hand.

"Ahoy there in the boat!" he called. "Put up your helm! Sheer off!"

The _Alleghany_ lay in an enemy's waters, and she was not to be caught
napping. Nothing was allowed to approach without giving a good reason
for it.

Then Jack's father stood up in the boat. "I have a boy here with a
broken thigh," he said. "I want your surgeon to set it."

"Who are you?" the officer asked.

"John Radway--a loyal man," was the answer.

The name was as good as a passport, for the gunboat people had heard of
John Radway.

"Come alongside," the officer called; and five minutes later a big
sailor had Jack in his arms, carrying him up the gangway, and he was
taken into the boat's hospital and laid on another cot. It was an
unusual thing on a naval vessel, and when the big bluff surgeon came the
Captain was with him, and several more of the officers.

The examination gave Jack more pain than he had had before, but still he
kept his teeth clinched, and refused even to moan.

"It is a bad fracture, and should have been attended to sooner," the
surgeon said at length. "There is nothing to be done for it now but to
take off the leg."

"Oh, I hope not!" Mr. Radway exclaimed. "Is there no other way?"

"He knows best, father," Jack said; "he will do the best he can for me."

"He is too weak now for an operation," the surgeon continued; "but you
can leave him with me, and I think by to-morrow he will be able to stand
it."

If Jack had made the least fuss at the prospect of having his leg cut
off, or had let a single groan escape, there is hardly any doubt that he
would be limping through life on one leg. But the brave way that he
bore the pain and the doctor's verdict made him a powerful friend.

The Captain of a naval vessel cannot control his surgeon's treatment of
a case; but the Captain's wishes naturally go a long way, even with the
surgeon. So it was a great point for Jack when the Captain interceded
for him.

"There's the making of an Admiral in that lad in the hospital," the
Captain told the doctor later in the day. "I never saw a boy bear pain
better. I wish you would save his leg if you possibly can."

"He'd be well much quicker to take it off," the surgeon retorted. "But
I'll give him every chance I can. There is a bare possibility that I may
be able to save it."

There was joy in the Radway family when it became known that there was a
chance of saving Jack's leg; but all that Jack himself would say was,
"Leave it all to the doctor; he will do what he can."

Three weeks afterward Jack still lay in the _Alleghany_'s hospital with
two legs to his body, but one half hidden in splints and plaster. Mr.
and Mrs. Radway visited him every day, and the broken bone was healing
so nicely that the doctor thought that in three or four weeks more Jack
might be able to hobble about the deck on crutches, when more trouble
came. A new gunboat steamed into the harbor to take the _Alleghany_'s
place, bringing orders for the _Alleghany_ to go at once to the Brooklyn
Navy-Yard. This was particularly unfortunate for Jack, for his broken
bone was just in that state where the motion of taking him ashore would
be likely to displace it. But that unwelcome order from Washington
proved to be a long step toward making Jack one of our American naval
heroes.

"It would be a great risk to take him ashore," the surgeon said to Mr.
Radway. "The least movement of the leg would set him back to where we
began. You had much better let him go north with us. The voyage will do
him good; and even if we are not sent back here, he can easily make his
way home when he is able to travel."

Nothing could have suited Jack better than this, for he had become
attached to the gunboat and her officers; so it was soon settled that he
was to lie still on his bed and be carried to Brooklyn. For more than a
month he lay there without seeing anything of the great city on either
side of him; and the _Alleghany_ was already under orders to sail for
Key West before he was able to venture on deck with a crutch under each
arm. There were delays in getting away, so by the time the gunboat was
steaming down the coast Jack was walking slowly about her deck with a
cane, and the color was in his cheeks again, and the old sparkle in his
eyes. He was in hopes of finding a schooner at Key West that would carry
him to Apalachicola; but he was not to see the old town again for many a
day.

The _Alleghany_ was a little below Hatteras, when she sighted a
Confederate blockade-runner, and she immediately gave chase. But, much
to the surprise of the officers, this blockade-runner did not run away,
as they generally did. She was much larger than the _Alleghany_, and
well manned and armed, and she preferred to stay and fight. Almost
before he knew it Jack was in the midst of a hot naval battle. The two
vessels were soon close together, and there was such a thunder of guns
and such a smother of smoke that he does not pretend to remember exactly
what happened. But after it was all over, and the blockade-runner was a
prize, with the stars and stripes flying from her stern, Jack walked as
straight as anybody down to the little hospital where he had spent so
many weeks.

His mother would hardly have known him as he stepped into the hospital
and waited till the surgeon had time to take a big splinter from his
left arm.

"Where's your cane, young man?" the surgeon asked, when Jack's turn
came.

"I don't know, sir!" Jack replied, surprised to find himself standing
without it. "I must have forgotten all about it. I saw one of the
gunners fall, and I took his place, and that's all I remember, sir,
except seeing the enemy strike her colors."

That action made Jack a Midshipman in the United States navy, and gave
him a share in the prize-money, and a year later he was an Ensign. For
special gallantry in action in Mobile Bay he was made a Lieutenant
before the close of the war, and in the long years since then he has
risen more slowly to the rank of Lieutenant-Commander.



[Illustration]

A LOYAL TRAITOR.[1]

[1] Begun in HARPER'S ROUND TABLE No. 888.

A STORY OF THE WAR OF 1812 BETWEEN AMERICA AND ENGLAND.

BY JAMES BARNES.


CHAPTER VI.

A LAND VOYAGE.

As soon as breakfast had been finished I bade farewell to Captain
Morrison, and to the mate and all of the crew, with whom I had somehow
gained popularity, and then I was set on shore.

When I felt the solid ground beneath me and smelt the familiar odors of
a seaport town, my fears almost gained the upper hand, and I was tempted
to stay by the brig and return to Maryland in her. But finding that the
town of Miller's Falls was distant only some thirty miles up in the
country, and getting the right direction from the first person I asked,
a blacksmith standing at the entrance to his forge, I set out bravely on
foot with my belongings on a stick over my back, the way I had seen
sailors start on a land voyage from Baltimore.

Hill country was new to me, and the stone walls and fences and neat
white houses gave me much to wonder at, as I plodded along the road that
was deep in dry dust, and such hard travelling that after I had made
twelve miles, or such a matter of distance, I grew very tired, and
determined to rest.

Although it was November the day was quite warm, and I sat down by the
edge of a little brook and bathed my feet, that had blistered badly. The
cold water felt very comforting, and I took my ease.

While drawing on my shoes I heard a strange sound, and saw coming down
the road a two-wheeled cart drawn by a team of swaying oxen. Climbing up
to the roadway and hailing the man who was walking at their heads,
(calling out "Gee," "Haw," every other minute), I asked my whereabouts
and the hour.

The farmer, even before he replied to my questionings, began to subject
me to many of his own: "Where was I bound?" "Where did I come from?"
and, "Who did I know in the parts?" To these I replied as best I could,
and with a directness that seemed rather to disconcert him.

But he was a kindly man, and noticing that I limped, and that I was in
no condition to travel, he proposed my stopping the night with him, and
he would carry me part way on my journey on the morrow. To this I
agreed, as I found I had wandered somewhat out of my way.

At supper that evening I tasted for the first time the delightful cakes
made out of buckwheat, and had to relate again, for the benefit of my
host and his wife (a tall, sharp-featured woman who spoke with a whining
drawl), the story of my adventures and the eventful voyage of the
_Minetta_.

When I told of the affair of the severed hand, and the action of the
English, the woman quoted a passage from the Bible that was quite as
much as a curse on the heads of the offenders, it breathed so of
vengeance. But we had not burned half a candle before we all were
yawning. Well, to be short, I slept in a great feather bed that night,
and the next morning I started northward, mounted astride, behind Farmer
Lyman on a jolting gray nag.

When my friend put me down he bade me a farewell, and told me I had but
five miles before me to the town of Miller's Falls.

It was up and down hill, slow going, and noon, I should judge by the
shadows, before I saw the village, nestling at the bend of a small
valley. On the wind came to me the shrieking and clanking of machinery
and the jarring of a waterfall.

I sat down on the top rail of a fence, and surveyed the village for some
time before I descended the hill. As I walked along I saw in a steep
gorge, a sheer descent of some fifty feet to one side of the roadway, a
rushing brook, and almost in the centre of the town itself a pond that
spread back into the hills.

The mill that was raising such a clatter stood at one side of a dam
built of stone and timber that had backed the water of the pond; and I
walked up close to the building and looked with wonder at everything. A
huge over-shot wheel was turning and plashing busily, and the water was
roaring over the dam and breaking on the brown slippery rocks below. It
fascinated me, and I stood for some time leaning over the rail watching
it. I grew so interested, in fact, that I almost forgot my mission or
where I was, and was recalled to myself by a voice hailing me from only
a few feet above my head.

"Well, sonny," said a drawling voice, "be ye wondering where all that
water is goin' to?"

A thin cadaverous face with a very pointed nose and chin was thrust out
of a little window, and two long hands on either side gave the man the
effect of holding himself in his position by the exercise of sheer
strength.

"I suppose it goes into the sea," I replied, perceiving that he wished
to chaff me.

"Correct," he answered. "Go to the head."

"May I come into the mill?" I asked, for I had never seen one, and the
varied noises excited my curiosity.

"Why, certainly," the man said. "Pull the latch-string in the door
yonder and come in."

The mill not only sawed the long pine trunks into planks and squared
timbers, of which there was a profusion about, but also ground most of
the grain for the neighborhood. As I entered, the stones were grumbling
and the air was full of dust.

"What is it you're making?" I shouted into the tall man's ear. He had
greeted me at the doorway.

"Buckwheat cakes," he replied, thrusting his hand into the top of an
open sack. "Ye're a stranger here, ain't ye?"

I knew what to expect by this time, and that probably my appearance had
determined the miller to find out all he could about me merely for his
own satisfaction. So, half shouting in his ear, I related (by the
answering of questions) part of my story--at least I told him where I
had come from and the why and wherefore of my trip. When it came to the
asking for my uncle's place of residence I ran against trouble, and my
heart sank.

"What is the name?" asked the thin man when I had first mentioned it.

"Monsieur Henri Amedee Lavalle de Brienne."

"Eh?"

I had to repeat it.

"No such person in these parts," the man answered, shaking his head
positively. "And I ought to know," he added. (I dare say he did, and
most people's private business besides.)

But here was an uncomfortable position. What was I to do? Somehow the
hum and groaning and rumbling of the mill appeared to prevent my
thinking, and I stepped to the door.

The village of Miller's Falls stretched down one wide road that curved
about the edge of the mill-pond. It was not a cheerful-looking place
taking it altogether, but it had a certain air of prosperity; there was
some movement, and a number of horses and carts were on the streets.

All at once the chatter of voices and the familiarly shrill cries of
boys at some rough merriment came up from the road at the right. I
looked about the corner of the mill and saw that a half-dozen youngsters
of about my own age were coming down the hill, and before them rode an
odd figure on a small brown horse. It was a little man, who sat very
erect, and who had a semi-military hat set aslant his gray hair, which
was gathered in a long queue behind. His coat was of a very old fashion,
made of velvet, and heavy riding-gaiters encased his thin legs.

The horse he was riding was by no means a bad one, and it was apparently
all the old man could do to keep him from breaking into a run; and to
accomplish this last was the evident intention of the crowd of small
boys, for they were tickling the horse's heels, or giving him a cut now
and then with some long switches; they varied this by pelting small
pebbles at the rider. The latter, however, kept his seat and controlled
the horse exceedingly well, although it was apparent that he was both
angry and frightened, for he would stop and scold at the boys, and often
turn his horse's head threateningly in their direction. This would
excite a scattering and shouts of derision and laughter.

Some one spoke over my head at this moment, and I saw that the tall man
and one of the mill hands, attracted by the noise, had perceived the
approach of the old man and his tormentors.

"Why, it's old Debrin, from Mountain Brook," said the miller. "Come down
to get his wheat ground, I reckon."

Slung across his saddle were two bags, and the rider was now headed
toward the mill and restraining the horse with difficulty. When he drew
up at the little platform it was all he could do to throw off the bags,
and when he had lifted his legs from the stirrups and slid to ground I
thought he would have fallen, and for the first time I perceived how old
a man he was. Moved by some impulse, I jumped down from the door-sill
and helped him tie the rope halter of the little horse fast to a post.
The old man's hands were trembling so that I doubt if he could have
accomplished it unaided.

My action had so surprised the boys that they had gathered in a circle
about us in silence and astonishment. When I had finished, the old
gentleman looked at me with his black beadlike eyes and raised his hat.

"Thank you, thank you very much," he said, in broken English, in which I
recognized at once the manner in which my mother had spoken. The trace
of the French tongue was there beyond all doubt. So I lifted my own cap,
and answered in what I may well call my native tongue, and told him in
French that I was very glad to have been able to help him.

His astonishment at hearing me address him thus was so great that for a
minute it deprived him of the power of answering, but then he burst
forth into such rapid speech and into so many violent gesticulations
that it was all I could do to follow. The little crowd pressed us so
close that I became embarrassed, and the old man, who had been
complaining of the conduct of the boys and the temper of his horse, and
at the same time stating how welcome it was to hear his own tongue
again, suddenly saw that he was creating a great deal of amusement for
the gaping, snickering circle about us. He drew himself up and his lip
curled with contempt. I now, for the first time, had an opportunity to
ask a question that had been forming itself in my mind.

"Are you Monsieur de Brienne?" I ventured.

"I am, and you?" he replied.

"Am Jean Hurdiss, your nephew, who has come all the way from Baltimore
to see you."

Instantly his manner changed. I thought he was going to fling his arms
about me. But if such was his intention he controlled himself.

"We will not talk before this canaille," he said, quietly, "and I cannot
here express my delight at seeing you."

This must have appeared very strange to the on-lookers, who, of course,
understood no word of what we were saying, and what happened afterwards
must have been stranger still; and I can now readily see why I was
regarded as a mystery by the inhabitants of Miller's Falls during the
whole course of my stopping there.

The old man with a great deal of dignity laid hold of the sack of corn,
and seeing that nobody volunteered to help him, I took up the other end,
and we carried it into the mill. There he flung it on the floor, and M.
de Brienne pointed at it with his finger.

"Grind me this," he said, in a commanding tone, despite the broken and
twisted accents. "I will pay for it when I return."

The surprise occasioned by our actions at the meeting had evidently
struck the crowd of youngsters dumb, but they were soon started again in
their shouts of laughter by the difficulty that my uncle and I
immediately had with the little brown horse. How so feeble a man as he
appeared to be could ever manage the restive beast at all was more than
I could see. Full half a dozen times he failed to make the saddle, even
with my assistance, and this started the boys in their shouts of
derision, and even drew laughter from the windows in which some of the
mill-crew had gathered.

At last, however, I succeeded in getting the old gentleman into the
saddle, and, obeying him, I crawled up behind him and placed my arms
about his waist. But between my lack of knowledge, the horse's
scampering, and the old man's weakness, we almost came to grief more
than once.

Three of the little rapscallions, who of course could not follow us, for
we had started on a run down the road, cut across the meadow by a path,
as if intending to head us off for some reason.

They reached the main roadway first, and were waiting in an orchard at
the end of a stone wall for us to go by. I noticed that they had
gathered some apples, which they held in the hollows of their arms, much
as boys carry snow-balls in an attack. I had been angry before, but now
my one desire was to get at them. I often fear that I must be a
vindictive person indeed.

As we approached they let fly, of course, and one of the apples caught
my uncle squarely in the forehead. He would have fallen, I believe, had
I not held him for an instant, and reaching forward I caught the reins
and brought the little horse to a sudden halt. Then I slipped from my
seat to the ground, and with no weapons but my closed fist I charged the
enemy.

It is not bragging to say that from some ancestor I have inherited
immense strength, and even at the age of thirteen I believe I should
have been a match and more for some lads four or five years older.
(Since I have been sixteen years old even I have never met a grown man
who could force down my arms or twist a finger with me.) But to return:
I caught the first boy a jolt with my closed fist on the side of the
head, and seizing the second, who came to his rescue, I fairly believe I
threw him over the fence without so much as touching it. He landed on
some loose stones on the other side, and set up a tremendous bawling.
The third lad did not stop to get a chance, but legged it as fast as he
could across the meadow. I was so angry now that I believe murder was in
my heart, and I picked up the broken branch of a tree and stood over the
first boy whom I had struck. He looked up at me and began to beg for
mercy.

"Bravo!" called my uncle from the horse, that for a wonder was standing
still. "Bravo, mon enfant!"

He was wiping the juice of the apple from his eyes, but catching my
glance he threw me a kiss from his finger-tips, and laughed a laugh of
congratulation and sympathetic triumph.

I covered my fallen antagonist with added chagrin by scooping up with a
sideway stroke of the foot some dust out of the road on top of him, and,
walking to the horse, I clambered up behind again. Then, digging my
heels into the nag's side, we started on a gallop up the hill and
entered the woods that lined the crest.

I had been so angry that I dare say I had shed tears even at the moment
of my victory (what varieties of weeping there are, to be sure), and I
had such a lump in my throat that I waited for my uncle to begin any
conversation he might wish, but he did not speak until after we had
progressed some distance in among the trees. Then he pulled the horse up
with a jerk (that caused me almost to break my nose on the back of his
head), and he ordered me to dismount. I did so. Monsieur de Brienne
leaned from the saddle and turned me around by the shoulder, much as I
have seen a planter look at a negro before purchasing.

"Very like indeed," he muttered. "A true De Brienne."

Then he leaned further over and told me to embrace him. I complied, and
he kissed me on each cheek and between the eyes. This quite embarrassed
me, and I dropped my glance to the ground and shuffled uneasily; but the
old man had begun to talk, and I dare say it was an hour that we stood
there, for I had to tell him, of course, of my mother's death and of the
burning of Marshwood. When I came to relate of the loss of the
strong-box and its contents, the old gentleman grew quite pale, then he
drew a long breath, and ripped out into a frightful burst of temper. For
some reason I could not help but feel that it was directed against me,
and I waited until he had calmed before I went on. Then I remembered the
letter which had given me the only clew that had led to this meeting,
and I thrust my hand into my coat pocket. It was not there? Fruitlessly
I searched with a growing fear upon me, and I saw that my uncle's little
black eyes were following my every movement; I could see that there was
a certain suspicion in his look, but the letter was not forth-coming,
and was not to be found in my bundle, although I undid it from the strap
of the saddle-bag where I had tied it, and spread its few contents on
the road-side.

"Where is the miniature that you spoke of finding?" inquired Monsieur de
Brienne, in a cold harsh voice.

I told him what I imagined had become of it.

"Ah, bah!" he cried at this, and raised his hand as if he would have
struck me. Had he done so I believe I should have pulled him from the
saddle. He was scarcely larger than myself, and I was growing angry at
his unnecessary and unjust words.

"What have you done?" he cried, restraining himself. "You have lost all
the proofs--all the papers, you fool! Now we can prove nothing. A curse
on such stupidity! What use are you without them? Why did you come?"

I had gathered up my possessions, and was tying together the corners of
the handkerchief, making up my mind to burden him no longer with my
presence, and to return whence I had started (for I still had a number
of the gold pieces sewed in the lining of my cap, where Mr. Edgerton's
maiden sister had placed them), but suddenly M. de Brienne spoke in
rather an eager tone, and asked me to come closer to him. I did so,
wondering. He leaned forward and caught one of the buttons of my coat
between his thumb and forefinger and looked at it closely. Then he
heaved a sigh.

"All there is left," he said. "Ah, my child, my child, you do not know
what you have lost. Pardon my rough speech of a moment since, but what
you told, and what has happened, appeared to turn into ashes what little
hope I had left in life."

I was softened by the sadness of his tone and the real grief that showed
itself in his small pinched features. So I looked up at him, and tried
to smile.

"What is your name?" he questioned of me, eagerly, in a whisper, as if
to extract a secret that I might not care to disclose aloud.

"John Hurdiss," I replied. "That's all I know."

The old man drew a long sigh. "Was your mother's name Hortense or
Hélène?" he questioned again, suddenly and hoarsely.

"I don't know," I said. "I have no idea."

"So be it," he replied, as if accepting a decision against which there
was no use railing. "Come, son; up with you, and we will ride on to my
château."

We followed the well-worn road, and then turned off through the woods,
and came to some pasture bars at the edge of a clearing. I slid to the
ground and opened them at a command from my uncle, and replaced them
after he had gone through. The field that we entered had been
sheep-grazed, and was poor pasturage. Here and there crumbling hoof-worn
patches of rock showed through the wiry close-cropped turf; clusters of
rank fern and hard-back bushes were dotted about, and we threaded them,
following a narrow path, until we came to another gate, which I opened
in the way I had the first. A half-mile of travelling through an expanse
of soft swampy ground, grown with alders and dogwood, and I heard the
sound of running water. Soon we came to a clear brook that gurgled
under overhanging banks, and purled about gleaming time-smoothed stones;
crossing it, and clambering up the steep bank, we came to a second
clearing, hardly five acres in extent. A half-score of large apple-trees
and a diminutive garden were to the left, and at the upper edge of the
clearing was a small unpainted house, and behind it a little barn, whose
foundations extended into the hill-side.

"Gaston! Gaston!" called Monsieur de Brienne, at top voice. "Where are
you hiding?"

In answer a head was thrust from the doorway, and the oddest-looking
figure that I had ever seen came into view. It was an old man, whose
frame when covered with flesh or muscles must have been enormous, but
now so scantily cushioned were the bones that the quaint clothes hung on
him much in the way that a coat hangs on a fence post. But the man moved
with incredible swiftness. He gave a strange look at me, and took
Monsieur de Brienne's stirrup-leather in his hand and assisted him to
dismount. I pushed myself backwards over the horse's hind quarters.

"A guest, Gaston, to Belair. My nephew, Monsieur Jean Hurdiss. This is
Gaston, my valet, chef, major-domo, and standing army."

My uncle had smiled as he said this, but the other's face was most
serious. As I eyed him closely his countenance looked more like a ball
of tightly wound twine with ears and features than anything else I could
imagine. I had never seen such a mesh of wrinkles, or imagined that age
could stamp itself so wonderfully. That the old man was not decrepit,
however, was evident from the deft way in which he unsaddled the little
horse and threw the trappings over his shoulder.

Now my uncle turned to me again. "Welcome, my son," he said. "Consider
all here as yours entirely."

He ushered me through the doorway. I could scarce control an expression
of my astonishment as I looked about. Immediately facing the light I saw
something that caused me to start suddenly. It was the figure of a man
in flowing satins and velvets; great heavy curls fell over his
shoulders, and torrents of lace poured at his wristbands and knees. He
had on high red-heeled shoes, fronted by wide bows, and his slender
bejewelled hand rested on the top of a tall walking-stick.

It took me a second glance to perceive that it was but a portrait that
extended from the floor to ceiling, and was merely nailed, without
framing, against the wall. A rough table made of pine boards but covered
with a handsome cloth was in the centre of the room. It was heaped high
with books in embossed leather covers. Tacked about the walls were many
portraits of times long since. One especially, before which I drew a
long breath, dumfounded me (it was so like my mother). But Monsieur de
Brienne had gathered me by the elbow, as it were, and marched me around.

The portrait whose resemblance had struck me so vividly he told me was
my grandmother, and then went on, stopping before each, "Your
great-grandfather, your great-uncle, your aunt," and so forth and so
forth.

One might have thought that I was being introduced in person to all my
ancestors and past family. In fact, I found myself bowing as if it were
expected of me.

After a few minutes I had a chance to look about me. There were but four
rooms on the ground-floor of the little house and three above; and if
the furniture of Marshwood had been an odd assortment, that of Belair
was odder still. I had noticed, as I have said, that the portraits were
not in frames. They had evidently been brought from their former
residence rolled in some shape or other for convenience. Many of them
showed traces of rough handling, and were much cracked and soiled.

My uncle slept on the first floor in a great four-poster bed hung about
with heavy curtains of embroidered silk, but the rest of the
_ameublement_, was made up of clumsy wooden benches and stools, not the
workmanship of a joiner, but clearly made by unskilled hands.

The room upstairs to which I was shown contained nothing but a mattress
stuffed with cornhusks, and a beautiful painted landscape (which
comparing with some that I have since seen must have been nothing less
than a Claude, I dare say). A bench on which stood an ebony cross, and a
large brass blunderbuss that hung from a nail over the door, were all
the other things in the room.

At dinner that night we were waited upon by the great wizzened-faced
servant, and my uncle, who was taken with a sleepy, tongue-tied mood,
had attired himself in such a brilliantly faded costume that he
resembled nothing less than one of the pictures that looked down at us.

Before the meal was half finished, however (it was exceedingly well
cooked and toothsome), I received a shock.

Monsieur de Brienne suddenly and without a warning gave a little cry and
fell back in his arm-chair (a home-made affair, cut from a barrel of
some sort), and I, frightened, ran to his side.

But the old servant appeared quite used to this, and together we got my
uncle into his bed, where we rubbed and chafed his limbs until I grew so
tired I could hardly move. The next day I thought he was like to die. He
would not let me leave him, and talked so incoherently that I could make
no sense out of his maunderings at all.

Now begins such a strange existence that if it were told to me by any
one who claimed to have led it I should be most doubtful. It would make
a volume in itself, maybe, but I intend to hasten over this period, and
to get quickly into that from which has developed the present, and which
is leading up to whatever future there is before me.

To this end I shall do my best to resist any temptation to dwell at too
great length on the life I led at the lonely farm-house on Mountain
Brook.

[TO BE CONTINUED.]



HARNESSING NIAGARA.

BY ELIZABETH FLINT WADE.


Two men were once boasting of their wonderful physical powers, and a
story told by one would be immediately capped by the other by the
relation of a capability far more marvellous. Suddenly one of them
pointed to a church spire which could be seen across the valley, and
said,

"Do you see that church spire yonder?"

"I do," replied the other.

"Well, I can see a fly crawling on it! Can you?"

His companion looked at it attentively a moment, and said, slowly,

"No, I can't see it, but," placing his hand behind his ear and leaning
forward, "I can hear it walk!"

Something quite as remarkable as the hearing the foot-step of a fly on a
church steeple a mile distant was accomplished a few weeks ago, when, by
means of a slender wire attached to an ordinary telephone, the sound of
the "voice of many waters," situated 500 miles away, was distinctly
heard in New York city.

The National Electric Light Association held its last annual meeting in
New York, and in the Industrial Arts Building were exhibited the latest
appliances of electricity; but of all the wonderful demonstrations of
that strange power which slips so swiftly and silently along a slender
wire, the most novel, if not the most wonderful, was the transmitting
the roar of the Falls of Niagara through the long-distance telephone by
means of the power generated by the cataract itself.

The meaning of the Indian name Niagara is "thunder of the waters," and
it certainly was a most original idea to place this thunder on
exhibition--"thunder on tap," a humorist might call it. The point chosen
for collecting the sound was near the Cave of the Winds, where at the
foot of the cliff one can get nearer to the waterfall than at any other
point. The Cave of the Winds is between Goat and Luna islands, and is
reached by the Biddle Stairway, a frail-looking structure built on the
face of the cliff, and the adventurous tourist who ventures down this
winding stair is almost deafened by the noise of the water as it strikes
the great rocks that lie just below him.

[Illustration: MOUTH OF THE TUNNEL.]

The mechanical arrangements for sending the sound were very simple. An
ordinary telephone, with the necessary apparatus, was placed in a tight
wooden box, so that the instrument might be protected from the spray.
Wires connected with the long-distance telephone were carried down the
side of the cliff and attached to the telephone in the box. From one
side of the box projected an immense tin funnel. This was the
sound-collector. The rest of the operation was very easy. The current
was turned on, and in a few seconds the sound was heard at the extreme
end of the line. In the centre of the hall where the electric exposition
was held was a working model of the Niagara Falls electric plant; around
this model were twenty-four telephone transmitters, and the visitor
could not only see the machinery moved by the power generated at the
Falls, but hear the ceaseless roar of the great waters.

The greatest distance that electric power had ever before been
transmitted was from the Falls of Neckar, in Germany, to a point 110
miles distant. Power for the exposition was to come nearly five times
that length, and the occasion was so momentous a one that the gold key
which President Cleveland used to set in motion the machinery for the
World's Fair was used by Governor Morton to turn on the electric current
generated by the Falls. As soon as the exposition was declared open,
Governor Morton, according to a previously arranged plan, turned on a
current from the Falls power which discharged a piece of government
artillery simultaneously in the public squares of Augusta, Maine; St.
Paul, Minnesota; San Francisco, California; and New Orleans, Louisiana.

[Illustration: TURBINE READY TO BE LOWERED TO THE BOTTOM OF THE
WHEEL-PIT.]

The capturing of Niagara and setting it to work is one of the greatest
feats of modern engineering. For years engineers have watched the power
going to waste down the great cataract, and studied how it could be made
available for mechanical purposes. The only device for using it was the
building of a hydraulic canal opening out of the river above the Falls,
and emptying into it at the edge of the bluff a mile or two below the
Falls. Power was thus carried to several mills built on the bank, but it
was a mere cipher compared to the great force daily poured over the
great precipice, a force which has been scientifically estimated to
equal nearly 6,000,000 horse-power, enough to drive all the machinery on
the American continent.

Many plans for using this power were made, only to be abandoned, till
Mr. Thomas Evershed, a division engineer on the Erie Canal, devised the
scheme of digging wheel-pits above the Falls, placing turbine-wheels at
the bottom of the pits, conveying water from the river to turn the
wheels--which should be used to furnish the power to generate
electricity--and carrying off the waste water through a large tunnel and
emptying it into the river. The plan was found feasible, and in 1886 the
Niagara Falls Power Company was incorporated by the Legislature of New
York. Millions of dollars and the service of the most skilful engineers
in the world were employed in carrying out the plan. Work was begun in
1887, and in January, 1894, the first great turbine-wheel was set at
work.

[Illustration: THE WHEEL-PIT IN COURSE OF CONSTRUCTION.]

The manner of using a part of the tremendous power of the cataract,
though constructed on so gigantic a scale, is as simple to understand as
the mechanism of a toy water-wheel, which, placed under a tiny fall of
water, turns a miniature windmill on the bank of the stream. An inlet
canal 1500 feet long, 500 feet wide, and 12 feet deep opens from the
river at a point about a mile and a half above the Falls. A short
distance from the side of the canal nearest the Falls, and near the end
farthest from the river, are two wheel-pits 160 feet deep, and at the
bottom of each pit is a 5000 horse-power Girard double turbine-wheel.
From the canal to these pits are head-races fitted with sluices through
which the water is admitted to the wheel-pits. Both the canal and the
head-races are lined with solid masonry, and the gates which regulate
the supply of water are open and shut by automatic levers. In each
wheel-pit is an immense iron tube reaching from top to bottom of the
pit, made of boiler iron. This tube, called a penstock, is seven feet in
diameter, and the water pours down this huge pipe into the wheel-case in
which the turbine revolves. A turbine-wheel is a vertical wheel which
revolves from side to side like a top, the name being derived from the
Latin word _turbo_, whirling, or spinning like a top.

[Illustration: SECTIONAL DIAGRAM OF POWER-HOUSE.]

Now a stream of water seven feet in diameter, falling from a height of
140 feet, must cause this mammoth water-top to spin round in its case at
rather a lively rate, and so it does, for the turbine shaft revolves at
the rate of 250 times a minute, and the speed can be increased to twice
that number of times. The vertical shaft of the turbine is attached to a
propeller shaft which rises to the floor of the power-house--built over
the wheel-pits--where it is attached to a dynamo. Though the dynamos are
the largest in the world, they are not the size originally designed,
owing to the fact that no cars were large or stout enough to transport
them, so the size of the base-plate of the dynamo was limited to one
which could be carried by rail from the manufactory to the Falls.

Standing in the visitors' gallery of the power-house and watching these
great dynamos whirling round so swiftly that the eye can scarcely
perceive their motion, and remembering that it is caused by the
expenditure of but a fraction of the power flowing over the Falls, one
can form some idea of the great force which it has so long been the
dream of engineers to turn to account.

Almost as great a feat as the digging of the wheel-pits and placing the
turbines at the bottom, was the excavating of the tunnel to carry off
the waste water. This tunnel, which is 7000 feet long, starts near the
bottom of the wheel-pits, runs under the city, and empties into the
river just below the suspension-bridge. It is horseshoe shaped, is 21
feet high, and 19 feet wide, in the curve. It is lined with brick,
overlaid with rubble above, and the outlet is lined for 200 feet back
with heavy cast-iron plates. The water does not run directly into the
tunnel from the wheel-pits, but flows into it through a lateral tunnel
or tail-race. This tail-race enters the main tunnel at an angle of sixty
degrees. Both tunnels are horseshoe shaped, and where they unite they
each curve differently, and it required a skilful mathematician to
calculate the cutting and fitting of the stone for the bisecting of the
arches.

It is interesting to see how this powerful machinery is kept in working
order. From a circular opening in the floor of the power-house a winding
staircase descends to the elevator landing. From this landing one may
pass directly under the electric generators and see the various pipes
which convey oil and water to the different parts of the machinery. One
pipe carries oil to the upper, and a second pipe oil to the lower,
bearings of the dynamos. A third pipe allows water to pass to the
cooling chamber of the upper bearings, and a fourth, water to a similar
chamber in the lower bearings.

The tank which holds the oil supply is placed near the roof of the
power-house. After the oil has passed to the bearings of the dynamos and
shafts it is conducted into a filtering cylinder; the clean oil runs
into a tank below the cylinder, from which a pump forces it back into
the supply tank. The pumps are run by the waste water in the bottom of
the wheel-pits.

The main-shaft bearings are oiled in a novel manner. An immense iron
cup, large enough to serve as a drinking-cup for the greatest of
Gulliver's Brobdingnagians, is attached to the revolving shaft below the
bearings. A pipe dips into the oil with which the cup is filled, and the
centrifugal force of the revolving shaft is so great that it forces the
oil up through the pipe to the top of the bearings, which it thoroughly
oils, and the waste oil finds its way back into the cup. All that is
necessary to supply the cup with fresh oil is to open a valve at the
bottom, the dirty oil runs into the filtering cylinder, and the cup is
filled with fresh oil from the supply tank.

An elevator descends to the bottom of the wheel-pits, where there are
four galleries which enable the engineers to pass round the turbines and
examine the workings. On the upper elevator landing one may see the
gearings which connect the governor with the dynamos and with the
turbine shaft, and the perfectly balanced levers which open and close
the water-gates.

One of the interesting features of the power-house is a
travelling-crane, which commands every portion of the floor of the
building, and is capable of handling the largest piece of machinery in
the works. If anything goes wrong with any part of the machinery, it can
be removed with the greatest expedition, and a similar piece fitted in
its place by means of this useful crane.

In July a company was incorporated under the name of the Cataract Power
and Conduit Company for the purpose of furnishing electric power to the
city of Buffalo from the Niagara Falls plant. Niagara Falls at once
became the centre of interest for manufacturers, engineers,
electricians, and scientists, and two days after the company was
incorporated the electric plant was visited by a large party of
distinguished men from different parts of the country.

Among the number was the great electrical magician Nikola Tesla, who
believes that sooner or later the electricity in the earth may be pumped
out of it at any point where it may be needed. The opinion of Mr. Tesla
on the possibility of transmitting the power from the Falls any
considerable distance was awaited with a great deal of eagerness.

"The project is sure to be successful," said Mr. Tesla, after inspecting
the marvellous electrical machinery and viewing the almost unlimited
capacity of the water-power.

The contracts for constructing the transmission line were let at once,
and on November 4--two days after the election of the next
President--Buffalo will be receiving power from the Falls of Niagara.
The lines through which it is to be sent will be capable of transmitting
40,000 horse-power--enough to turn all the wheels in the Minneapolis
flour-mills and whirl all the spindles in busy Holyoke.

The present power-station at the Falls, when fully equipped, will
contain ten dynamos, the combined capacity of which will be 50,000
horse-power. Besides this station the company has a permit for
constructing another canal the same size on the American side, and a
franchise for a similar work on the Canadian side, provided the work is
begun in three years from the granting of the franchise.

Everything connected with this work is on so gigantic a scale that it
will not be surprising to learn that the tunnel through which the waste
water is discharged is the largest hydraulic tunnel in the world, and of
sufficient size to carry away enough water to develop 120,000
horse-power. Even this great volume of water diverted from its natural
channel will not perceptibly lessen the 7000 tons which leap over the
precipice every minute.

The end of the tunnel opening into the river is fifty feet lower than at
its beginning, and as there are no rocks or stones to impede the passage
of the water, it slides over the smooth floor at a tremendous speed,
taking but a little over three minutes from the time that it enters the
tunnel before it reaches the outlet. It rushes out of the tunnel with
such force that it creates a cross-current far out into the river.

Knowing from whence it came and what it has been doing, one cannot but
think, as he sees it come tumbling, leaping, and roaring out of the dark
underground passage, that it is like a boy who has just finished some
irksome task and is at last free to run and shout and play.



RABBIT-HUNTING IN THE SNOW.

BY ANNIE T. ASHMORE.


Jim and Ned were evidently bound to be good business men. Some of their
plans for money-making were very peculiar. They lived side by side on
Staten Island, in places where there was a magnificent view of the bay
and harbor, and whence incoming and outgoing steamers could be seen to
great advantage. They fitted up an office in a room in the attic of
Jim's house, hung up a sign, "Shipping Office; latest news furnished of
incoming and outgoing crafts"; and as they went at it in a systematic
manner, had a capital spy-glass, and had been drilled from their
earliest infancy in the knowledge of the different boats, they were
often called upon by their neighbors to tell when a ship was due, or if
it had already entered the Narrows. For this information they charged
varying sums; and while not on the high-road to fortune, still made
enough to provide many bottles of sarsaparilla, and more chewing-gum and
bolivars than were at all good for the digestion.

Another scheme was selling eggs to their respective mothers, and they
really had a very good chicken-yard for a time, while a mysterious
account-book which bore the heading "JimandNedeggs" occasioned much
merriment among their families (of course unknown to the boys). But
latterly business had been dull. The best hens had succumbed to an
epidemic, nobody wanted to know about the ships; it was early winter,
and there were no more walks to be raked; in fact, a financial crisis
was fast overtaking the two partners. Something had to be done, for
there were Christmas presents to be bought, new bob-sleds to be had, and
of a kind more dangerous than any they had yet risked their lives on. It
was evident that only serious and concentrated thought could extricate
the firm from the situation in which it was placed.

"Ned, we must think of some way in which we can make money. I was
talking to Tom about it the other day, and all he would say was, 'Marse
Jim, you leave it to me, and I'll think out a plan.' But not a syllable
will he say as to what the plan is. He came up to the dining-room last
night and called me out, said he had something of importance to tell me,
and all it was, he asked me to ask mother for five dollars. Now you know
as well as I do that mother won't let me have another cent for I don't
know how long. She's mad because that money she gave us to put into the
incubator was all thrown away by our forgetting about it, and leaving
the eggs in there till the lamp exploded, and the eggs too. No, there's
no use; we've got to find our way out ourselves. What do you think of
our going out on a musk-rat hunt, and then selling the skins?"

"All very well," said Ned, the more prudent of the two; "but where are
you going to find musk-rats, to begin with? How are you going to catch
them when you do find them, and who's going to skin them?"

Blank despair settled down upon the two boys' countenances, and two more
unhappy-looking individuals have, fortunately, rarely been seen.
Suddenly around the corner of the house appeared a colored boy of about
eighteen, black as the ace of spades, but grinning from ear to ear with
good humor and amusement.

"What you sitting here in the cold for, you boys? Marse Ned, Marse Jim,
you ought to be ashamed of yourselves. If missus found you sitting in
the cold, she won't give you no more money for your 'lowance, and you
dun bus' now, you tole me."

"Oh, Tom, do tell us a way to get out of this--a way to make money!"
said the two boys, simultaneously.

"Well, this nigger ain't much good making money, but you two boys come
in the black hole and talk it over, and Tom'll help when he can."

The black hole was in the cellar where the furnace was, and was a
favorite resort of Tom's. As they talked now Tom looked up suddenly. An
idea had come to him, and he said: "Marse Jim, Marse Ned, you better
raise rabbits. Then ask yer mother to let me go to New York jus' befo'
Christmas-time; I'll sell 'em in the streets, fifty cents and dollar
apiece. Rabbits don't cost nuffin' down hyar, to begin with, and we'll
make so much money that you boys will give Tom 'nuf to go down South
with an' see his poor old father and mother."

The scheme sounded very plausible, told in Tom's excited way; but then
Ned suddenly said, "Tom, where are we going to get the rabbits to start
with?"

That was rather a poser. But Tom had his answer ready.

"You boys, now listen to me. I wah just now chasing a rabbit harder'n I
ever chased one befo'. Dat ah rabbit, he lives down the big hedge round
de garden; he got sisters, brothers, cousins, lots of 'em. We ketch
father and mother rabbit, then when we have lots of little rabbits we'se
all right. Tom'll build big house for rabbits, keep it outside dar in
the coal cellar, and feed 'em every day regular; no trouble at all after
we catch father and mother."

The boys knew what rabbit tracks looked like in the snow, and the plan
proposed by Tom was that, the first morning after a light snow-fall,
they should get up early, and follow the tracks to the part of the hedge
where the rabbits lived. He would every night put out some chopped
carrots and turnips, and just as soon as the rabbits appeared, they all
being in hiding themselves, jump out and catch them. After a long
consultation they agreed the old plan was the only safe one--that of
tying a string around their big toes, hanging the string out of their
respective windows down over the piazza, then Tom would pull the string
attached to Massa Jim's toe, and as soon as Jim was dressed, he'd run
over and pull the string attached to Ned's. This plan had its
disadvantages in summer, for mischievous elder sisters and brothers who
sat up late in the evening had a nasty way of pulling the string before
they went to bed, and more than once the boys had gotten up in the
middle of the night, accordingly, and dressed themselves to go out, only
to be met downstairs by the other members of the family with the news
that it was still night, and not morning. In December few people sit up
on the piazza, so there was less danger, and finally that was settled
upon as the best way to do.

Several anxious days passed without any more snow, and the parents of
the boys could not understand their sudden interest in the weather, as
they generally didn't care at all. They read the weather reports until
their eyes ached, but the only snow in sight was out in western Dakota,
and it seemed as if it never would come to this region of the country.
But as all comes round to him who will but wait, Jim was awakened one
night--or as it seemed to him, night--with a hideous dream in which a
rabbit was eating off his toe, to find that the string was being
violently jerked. It didn't take him half a minute to get to the window,
and when he looked out there was the sun just coming up and the ground
covered with the loveliest, whitest snow. Jim did not wait to perform a
very extensive toilet, and was over at Ned's, pulling the string
attached to his toe, in less time than it takes to tell about it. Then
as soon as Ned got out the two boys went in search of Tom, who was in a
great state of excitement, and who had collected together two other
darkies. The air was decidedly cold, but nobody minded it, so great was
the excitement; and when some tiny little marks were seen in the snow
the boys felt as if it were the greatest moment of their lives, all the
more delicious because they all had to keep absolute silence. They went
in single file, following down the little footfalls of the rabbit, when
suddenly, just ahead of them, they saw the animal they were in search
of, and not one only, but three of them. They looked so pretty nibbling
away there at the carrots and turnips, and so wise with their long ears,
that the boys could not bear to have them interrupted, and watched them
for some little time.

[Illustration: A NICE LONG CHASE HE LED THEM OVER HILL AND DOWN DALE.]

Suddenly, as though scenting danger in the air, the biggest fellow sat
up on his haunches, then gave a sideways leap, and went down the hill
with big bounds. This was too much for the darkies to stand, and with
wild whoops of delight they followed, Jim and Ned also joining in the
chase. But Master Rabbit did not intend to be caught so easily, and a
nice long chase he led them over hill and down dale. One of the darkies
who was holding a big stick flung it after the rabbit, and came within
an inch of hitting him; but that put an end to the fun, for while Jim
and Ned wanted to catch the rabbits, they were not willing to see them
killed, and they called to Tom to stop--the game was up.

"Tom," said the boys, "we want to catch those rabbits, but we do not
want to kill the animals."

"All right, massa," said Tom, "we catch 'em, not kill 'em"; and like a
general marshalling an army, he gave each boy directions where to go.
They formed in a ring, and gradually drew nearer together, until the
rabbit lay quite still, utterly tired, and quite at the mercy of his
captors. Tom then slipped him into a bag, which he slung over his back,
and they went back to where the other rabbits were feeding again. They
had returned, and by a little strategy another one was caught, and the
boys declared they had had enough of it for the day. They had gotten two
fine rabbits, and soon had them safely ensconced in the rabbit-hut. They
took good care of them, and with Tom's constant aid and attention the
scheme proved a good one; and yet, strange to say, the boys never went
rabbit-hunting again after that first morning. They could not forget how
piteous the poor little animal had looked when the darky wanted to throw
the stick at him, and as they had enough to get along with, they
concluded they'd rather try another plan next time.

Colored people have a great weakness for what they call hares--they like
them almost as well as they do watermelons--and it is sad to say that
the three darkies who went on that expedition went on many another
before the winter was over.



[Illustration: INTERSCHOLASTIC SPORT]


Lawrenceville defeated Andover in their annual football game a week ago
Friday. This result was doubtless a surprise to those who had witnessed
the Exeter-Andover game of the previous week, but it was an event not
entirely unlooked for by the Lawrenceville coachers.

The game was interesting and exciting from start to finish, and the
result doubtful until the last moment of play. The strength displayed by
Lawrenceville was no doubt largely due to the good advice they have been
getting during the past few weeks from Princeton football-players, who
had been trying to knit some sort of a team out of the many individuals
that had been developed by the work of the early fall. Lawrenceville had
hoped that this method would culminate in a general successful movement
by the entire team, and after a week's hard work just this result was
obtained. I do not think that Lawrenceville has ever before put into the
field an eleven that played so steadily as these men did in the Andover
game. The necessity for steadiness was urged upon the players, and they
were well aware that this must be their only reliance, since no man upon
the team could be termed a brilliant player, and looked to for some
dashing performance at a critical moment.

The game progressed most satisfactorily, and during the entire afternoon
there was not one word of protest or argument from either side. This was
largely due, no doubt, to the excellence of the officials--Messrs.
Alexander Moffat and Clinton T. Wood. The Lawrenceville players were
penalized a great deal in the first half, some sixty yards being lost
for off-side play and interference. This spirit of restlessness, which
causes men frequently to be over-anxious, proved a good thing in the end
for Lawrenceville, in spite of her heavy penalties, for as it became
controlled during the progress of the game it was transformed to a
quickness and alertness that proved most valuable.

On the kick-off in the first half, by Andover, Lawrenceville returned
the ball, which was fumbled by Elliott of Andover. Of the two teams I
had expected to see Lawrenceville do most of the fumbling, but it was
Andover that proved the weaker of the two in this matter. I had expected
likewise to see Andover kick a great deal, but she did not adopt these
tactics, her line being unable to protect her backs. The Andover
full-back kicked but four times in his regular position; the rest of the
time he kicked from the half-back's position, and consequently his kicks
were high and short. The best feature of Andover's work was the
interference. This was formed quickly, and was very effective. On four
occasions runs were made around the Lawrenceville ends, which almost
proved disastrous. Andover's ends were superior to the Lawrenceville
players, and Captain Richards, of Lawrenceville, was fairly outplayed by
his opponent in the first half. In the second half, however, Richards
held his own.

As to generalship Andover was inferior to Lawrenceville. This may have
been due somewhat to the absence of Captain Barker in the first half,
although matters did not improve materially when he entered the play in
the second half. The Lawrenceville full-back made long and sure punts,
and on several occasions her quarter-back kicked effectively for a gain
of several yards. With the exception therefore of the ends and Captain
Richards, in the first half Lawrenceville may fairly be said to have
outplayed Andover. I think, however, that to these exceptions should be
included Elliott of Andover; he is really better than either of the
Lawrenceville half-backs.

As to the game itself: After Andover's kick-off and Lawrenceville's
return, the Jerseymen got the ball on a fumble, and by an attack on the
centre and tackles worked down to the twenty-yard line. A quarter-back
kick brought the ball to the five-yard line, where Andover secured it on
downs. Andover kicked to the twenty-yard line only, and after being
rushed back to the fifteen-yard line, the full-back missed a goal from
the field by a few inches. On the kick-off from the twenty-yard line
Lawrenceville advanced the ball surely down the field by short plunges
through the line, and the first touch-down was made by Cadwalader, who
also kicked the goal. On the kick-off Lawrenceville was successively
penalized for off-side play until the ball was on her twenty-yard line.
By the criss-cross trick White ran for Andover's only touch-down around
Lawrenceville's right end. The ball was punted, but the goal failed. On
the next kick-off Lawrenceville braced up considerably, both as to
playing and keeping on-side. By short rushes around the ends and through
the line she had the ball on Andover's one-yard line, on the first down,
when the first half was called.

The second half began by Andover playing very fiercely, but
Lawrenceville played better than ever. After ten minutes' play
Lawrenceville punted to the one-yard line, and when the ball was punted
out by Andover, Lay heeled it on the twenty-five-yard line. Cadwalader
failed on the place kick. On the kick-off again, Andover by short
plunges through the line, and two runs around the end for fifteen and
twenty yards respectively, had the ball on Lawrenceville's five-yard
line. Lawrenceville here made a strong stand. On the second down Andover
surged to within three feet of the goal-line; on the third down Andover
was pushed back five yards, and the ball changed hands. Here Cleveland
made a fumble, and the ball was Andover's again on the four-yard line.
Lawrenceville held Andover again for the four downs, and Mattis dropped
back of the goal-line for a punt. The ball struck an Andover man in its
upward course, but was not retarded sufficiently to be caught. Dudley,
Lawrenceville's end, who had started down the field to tackle Andover's
full-back, got the ball, as it failed to go within twenty yards of the
Andover full-back. Dodging White and Barker, who were playing back,
Dudley made the play of the day, running eighty yards for a touch-down.
Cadwalader again kicked the goal in the gathering gloom. On the kick-off
Lawrenceville held the ball for some minutes, and it was not until this
time that she was able to make any ground around Andover's ends. The
ball was on Andover's twenty-yard line when time was called, on account
of darkness, with a few minutes yet remaining to play.

[Illustration: BROOKLYN HIGH-SCHOOL FOOTBALL TEAM.]

Although the final game in the championship series of the Philadelphia
Inter-Academic League was not played until a week ago to-day, that game
being between Penn Charter and Germantown, Cheltenham Military Academy
won the pennant by defeating Germantown on November 13th (16-10). The
game was a hotly contested one, and the feature of the play was
Cheltenham's team-work. The soldiers' superiority in this matter won
them the game.

On the kick-off Cheltenham got the ball, and by steady gains pushed it
over for a touch-down, from which a goal was kicked. A little later on,
Lincoln of Cheltenham secured the ball on a fumble by Germantown, and by
a fine run placed it behind the posts. The goal was kicked. Up to this
time Germantown had not been able to gain any ground worth speaking of.
About five minutes before time was called Perkins took the ball on a
criss-cross, and by a run of thirty yards around right end touched it
down in Cheltenham's goal. Pearson kicked the goal. This ended the
scoring in the first half, the game now standing 12 to 6 in Cheltenham's
favor.

In the second half Germantown, by using the Pennsylvania style of
guards-back play, scored another touch-down, but failed at goal. At this
point Cheltenham braced up, and by steady plunges through the line and
one end run scored a touch-down, but failed at goal. Time was called
soon after, with the ball in Cheltenham's possession on her opponents'
ten-yard line. Score--Cheltenham, 16; Germantown, 10. For Cheltenham,
Potter and Boyd did good work, while Flavell, Perkins, and Newhall
excelled for Germantown.

Cheltenham deserves credit for her fine showing this year. The school is
by long odds the smallest in the Association, yet by hard practice they
have developed team-work and interference that would do credit to a
college. Vail, the Pennsylvania quarter-back of '93, coached the team,
and by his untiring energy infused them with that snap and dash so
essential to good playing.

[Illustration: TAFT'S SCHOOL (WATERTOWN, CONNECTICUT) FOOTBALL SQUAD.]

A very strong team for a school of sixty boys has been developed at
Taft's School, Middletown, Connecticut, this fall. At the time the
accompanying picture was taken the team had played six games, all but
one being against much heavier opponents than themselves, and had not
been scored against. Their weight averages about 148 pounds, and the
players are nearly all strong and heavy. Their success is due, not to
brilliant plays of individual members, but to team-work, which they have
brought up to a very high standard.

If any member of the team may be said to excel the others, perhaps
Townsend, at full-back, does the best work. In the game against Cheshire
Episcopal Academy he broke through the opposing line, dodged one
half-back, threw off their full-back who tackled him, and after a run of
sixty-five yards made a touch-down. In the line, Welch, right guard,
probably offers the strongest and steadiest game. Merriman, at centre,
Guthrie, left guard, and L. White and Bell, tackles, are all well
skilled in blocking, making openings, breaking through, and hard
tackling. Lloyd and Barnett, the ends, are sure tacklers and swift
runners. O. White, at quarter, is quick and generally accurate. G. and
J. Lear (the captain), the half-backs, are both heavy plungers and hard
tacklers.

Shady Side Academy of Pittsburg was again defeated by Kiskiminetas on
November 16th last--the score, 12-4. McColl, the Kiskiminetas right
half-back, was the star player of the day; by his splendid running he
scored two of the touch-downs credited to his side. The first touch-down
was scored by the winners a few moments after play began, but S.S.A.
took a brace immediately afterwards, and the ball was kept slowly
travelling up and down the field. The S.S.A. line was very good, and at
no time was Kiskiminetas able to make any very considerable gains
through it. Brainard and Irwin stopped a number of plays through the
centre. Aikens did a good deal of fumbling, but fortunately none of his
fumbles proved very costly.

The interference of the Kiskiminetas team was considerably superior to
that of Shady Side. Beeman's kicking was accurate and quick, and he
frequently put his side out of danger by a timely punt. McConnel
distinguished himself by his tackling, and especially at one time, when
McColl was making for the goal-posts with no one in his way but Shady
Side's quarter-back. In the second half, Kiskiminetas started off with
another rush, and scored almost immediately. Thereupon the Shady Side
players gathered themselves together again, and managed to keep the play
in the enemy's country for the rest of the half. Toward the close of the
half Beeman got around Montgomery and scored for Shady Side, but no
goal resulted.

The best playing for Kiskiminetas was done by Montgomery, McColl, and
Aikens. Montgomery at end was a good tackler and a speedy runner. McColl
seemed indefatigable, and mostly ran with the ball. Captain Aiken
interfered well, but was not as good a quarter-back as McConnel. For
S.S.A., Captain Schildecker broke through and made several good tackles.
Irwin played a better game than he has played yet. He is strong, bucks
the line hard, but does not use his head enough. Neither of the ends put
up their usual game. Arundel got into the play more than he has done
before, and made some hard tackles. On the whole S.S.A. tackled better
than Kiskiminetas, and they had plenty of opportunities for practice, as
the ball was mostly in their opponents' possession.

The Madison High-School has again won the championship of the Wisconsin
Interscholastic League by defeating, 42-0, the Milwaukee East-Side
High-School on November 14. The game was played on a slippery field, and
the Milwaukeeans apparently had an off day. Madison secured the ball on
the kick-off, and scored three touch-downs before Milwaukee had really
been able to find out what the ball felt like. When at last Milwaukee
did secure possession of the leather her players managed to work it
slowly up the field, but time was called before any decided advantage
had been gained.

In the second half Milwaukee again had little chance for aggressive
play, having the ball in her possession but once. Madison had things
practically all her own way. The weakness displayed by the Milwaukee
East-Side High-School team is probably due to the strict rules recently
adopted by the faculties of the various High-Schools of Milwaukee. It is
probable, for one or two seasons to come, that these rules will to a
certain extent cripple teams that have hitherto had little to regulate
their style of make-up, but in the end I feel sure that the regulations
laid down by the faculties will prove of the greatest benefit to amateur
sport in Wisconsin.

In the game between Madison High and the South Side High-School of
Milwaukee, the Madisonians were again the victors, 14-4. The game was
played on November 7, and was close all the way through. Madison scored
first on a fluke, but after this she outplayed the Milwaukee team. The
captain of the South Side High-School team did the best work for his
side, while Curtis and Anderson did the best work for Madison.

The football season in Chicago is nearing its close. The most important
of recent games were those played on November 18, between Lake View and
North Division, and Northwest Division and West Division. Lake View won
its match, 18-6. Everybody played hard, since the result of that game
would put one of the teams into an assured position for fourth place in
the League. In the first half the score was 6-6, but North Division
could not keep up the pace, and Lake View had an easy time of it in the
second half.

"A PRIMER OF COLLEGE FOOTBALL."--BY W. H. LEWIS.--16MO, PAPER, 75 CENTS.

  THE GRADUATE.

       *       *       *       *       *

THE EFFICACY OF A COUNTERSIGN.

While Colonel Gillam, with the Middle Tennessee regiment, was occupying
Nashville during the late war, he stationed sentries and patrols in all
the principal streets of the city. One day an Irishman who had not been
long enlisted was put on duty at a prominent crossing, and he kept a
sharp and faithful watch. Presently a citizen came along.

"Halt! Who goes there?"

"A citizen," was the response.

"Advance and give the countersign."

"I have not the countersign," replied the indignant citizen, "and the
demand for it at this time and place is unusual."

"Well, begorah! ye don't pass this way until ye say Bunker Hill."

The citizen, appreciating the situation, smiled and advanced to the
sentry, and cautiously whispered the magic words.

"Right! Pass on!" and the wide-awake sentinel resumed his beat.

       *       *       *       *       *

FALSE ECONOMY

is practised by people who buy inferior articles of food. The Gail
Borden Eagle Brand Condensed Milk is the best infant food. _Infant
Health_ is the title of a valuable pamphlet for mothers. Sent free by
New York Condensed Milk Co., New York.--[_Adv._]



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[Illustration: PISO'S CURE FOR CONSUMPTION]

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[Illustration: ROYAL]

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[Illustration]

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[Illustration: MY! OH MY!]

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Postage Stamps, &c.



[Illustration]

THE neatest and most attractive Stamp Album ever published is =The
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Catalogue of U.S. Stamps free for the postage, 2c. Complete Catalogue of
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[Illustration: STAMPS]

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[Illustration: BICYCLING]

     This Department is conducted in the interest of Bicyclers, and the
     Editor will be pleased to answer any question on the subject. Our
     maps and tours contain many valuable data kindly supplied from the
     official maps and road-books of the League of American Wheelmen.
     Recognizing the value of the work being done by the L.A.W., the
     Editor will be pleased to furnish subscribers with membership
     blanks and information so far as possible.


[Illustration: Copyright, 1896, by Harper & Brothers.]

The third stage on the general route from New York to Newburgh by the
west bank of the Hudson is given in the map accompanying the Department
this week. We spoke last week of the road running from Hackensack or
Paterson to Sufferns. This road is perhaps the best route for Newburgh,
as it runs through beautiful country, and, on the whole, the roads are
the best.

On leaving Sufferns a short run brings the rider to Ramapo, thence a
mile or more brings him into Sterlington, and following the railroad he
can run direct to Tuxedo Park. The road is very attractive about there,
and the road-bed good. From Tuxedo Park continue on to Southfield,
keeping to the right here, and following the railroad track to Arden,
there crossing the railroad, and running on to Central Valley, Highland
Mills, Woodbury Falls, and so on. This is the direct route for Newburgh.
A good run, however, is to turn westward at Southfield, leaving the
railroad and running to Monroe, and thence through Oxford to
Washingtonville, returning thence to Blooming Grove and Chester, through
Dutch Hollow to Greenwood Lake, and down the west shore of the lake,
turning eastward at this southern end, and running up to Sterlington and
Ramapo again through Kingwood and Eagle Valley.

The roads from Tuxedo Park to Greenwood Iron-Works and Central Valley,
westward, on the Hudson are not good riding, as there are many hills,
and the road-bed is not well cared for. The wheelman is advised,
therefore, if he is taking a series of runs through this country, to
keep either to the bank of the Hudson, or to the country back from the
river. The best way to get from Sufferns (supposing the wheelman to be
there) to the Hudson is to run southward through Tallmans, Clarksville,
and West Nyack to Nyack, then turning northward, through Upper Nyack,
New City, Haverstraw, Dunderberg, to Fort Montgomery, which appears on
the accompanying map. This road runs along close by the bank of the
Hudson, and most of the time in sight of the river. It is an attractive
road, but the road-bed is not in as good condition as the turnpikes in
and around Greenwood Lake. At Nyack there is a good stretch of road
close by the bank of the river running southward for several miles,
which is in capital condition, and is one of the picturesque stretches
in this part of the country. No one who rides up this side of the Hudson
should fail to take this short run at some time during his trip.

       *       *       *       *       *

HIS DOG SNYDER.

He was a tattered, weary-looking beggar, and he had hardly commenced
speaking before one knew that Germany was his native land. He was in
quest of a dog, and Snyder was the canine's name.

"You don't know noddings mid him?" he asked. "Dot vos queer; eferybodies
knowed him, 'cause vot mit only vone eye dat don't pother him, on
accoundt of he knows noddings of the odder, seein' mit one shust as he
seed mit two before, de beoples already don't fergot him. No, he don't
answer ven you calls him soon, but come quick ven you shust asks him
Snyder. He say pow-wow-wow, unt his tail dot vos lost mit vone-half by a
vagon vheel he vag, und he don't vag the end vat he don't have on
accoundt of he fergets vat he don't have now.

"Inshtinct, yah; he vos have vonderful inshtinct. You shust pat him mit
your hand on his head, und he die for you on accoundt of he knows soon
dot you like him, but you hit him mit your stick on de head, und den he
suhspect right off dot you care mit nottings for him. His hair vos upon
a time vonce peautiful, but und gonsquence of a tramp cat mit scraggy
fur he loss some by te handful, und now he don't scratch himself no
more; but de cat vat vos 'cause him trouble mit his hair, she don't valk
on de fences neider.

"You could told Snyder vot vas so much like himself dot you vould dink
he vos dwins. Und you see him you knows Snyder 'cause he vos mitout
anoder dog de same as he vas, und now I goes to find my palt-headed
doggie;" and the poor old man wandered down the street.



[Illustration: THE CAMERA CLUB]

     Any questions in regard to photograph matters will be willingly
     answered by the Editor of this column, and we should be glad to
     hear from any of our club who can make helpful suggestions.


Owing to the number of questions, we devote the entire Department to
answers this week.

     SIR KNIGHT ROBERT HUNTER asks if the Premo B Camera, with Rochester
     Optical Company's single-view lens, is a good hand-camera for an
     amateur. The Premo is an excellent camera, and the lens mentioned
     is a good one. This camera is fitted either for films or glass
     plates.

     SIR KNIGHT FREDERICK CLAPP sends a photograph of some greenhouses
     taken from a kite sent up with a camera attached to it, and
     promises to send full directions of the manner of taking them. They
     are quite interesting, and Sir Frederick wants to know if any of
     the members of the club have ever tried the experiment.

     SIR KNIGHT W. D. CAMPBELL asks how long prints made on solio paper
     and toned in Eastman's combined bath will keep. Prints made on this
     paper, if fixed and well washed, should keep indefinitely. If after
     toning they are put for three minutes into a fixing-bath of 1 oz.
     hypo, to 10 oz. water, it will tend to make them more permanent, as
     the combined bath does not always fix them enough. Our
     correspondent is the first member of the club to take advantage of
     the photographic print exchange outlined in No. 885.

     LOE OLDS asks if one can purchase a good camera for ten dollars,
     and wishes the name of some reliable firm, and if one taking a
     picture 3-1/2 by 4-1/2 would be large enough. A good camera may be
     had for ten dollars, but would advise getting one which will take a
     picture 4 by 5 in size. Write the Eastman Company, Rochester,
     N. Y.; Rochester Optical Company, Rochester, N. Y.; Manhattan
     Optical Company, or Scovill, Adams Company, New York city, for
     catalogues.

     M. FOSTER asks for a formula for platino paper; if platino and
     platinum are the same; a formula for platinum toning-solution; if
     Rives paper is salted; and if it is necessary to prepare blue-print
     paper on salted paper. Do not try to make platino paper, as it is a
     long process, and not always successful. It is cheaper in the end
     to buy it. Try some of the simpler processes for sensitizing paper.
     Will send the formula if you wish to try platinum. Platino is a
     commercial term applied to paper sensitized with platinum. Rives
     paper is raw photographic paper. Blue prints do not need to be made
     on salted paper.

     L. K. asks what is the matter with his negatives which show, after
     a few months, spots on the film. From the description of the spots,
     they are doubtless due to a poor fixing-bath. Will L. K. please
     give his formula for fixing?

     PERCY MEREDITH REESE, JUN., 1210 Mount Royal Ave., Baltimore, Md.;
     LESLEY ASHBURNER, Media, Pa.; HARRY CHASE, 175 Summer St., Malden,
     Mass.; DWIGHT N. FOSTER, 35 Pleasant St., Dorchester, Mass.; JOHN
     N. PROTHERO, Du Bois, Pa.; JOHN NORTON ATKINS, Bayonne City, N. J.;
     J. R. SIXX, 95 Broadway, Paterson, N. J.; R. T. POBBS, Swedeland,
     Pa.; L. P. DODGE, 71 High St., Newburyport, Mass; FOSTER HARTWELL,
     629 Third Ave., Lansingburg, N. Y.; S. F. MACQUAIDE, 46 Mechlin
     St., Germantown, Pa.; VINCENT AULES, New Dorp, Staten Island; E. V.
     BRAGDON, 87 West Thirty-second St., Bayonne, N. J.; ERNEST T.
     SELIG, Lawrence, Kan.; GEORGE L. COLEMAN, 114 Van Buren St.,
     Dayton, O.--wish to be enrolled as members of the Camera Club.

     SIR KNIGHT JOHN NORTON ATKINS asks if the glycerine solution used
     for keeping films from curling can be used more than once; if the
     accelerator mentioned in No. 822 may be used with eiko-cum-hydro
     developer; and if the piece of drawing-paper enclosed in his letter
     could be used for sensitizing. The glycerine preparation may be
     used as long as it is clear. The accelerator may be used with the
     developer mentioned. The sample of drawing-paper did not reach the
     editor, but if it is pure paper, free from chemicals, it may be
     used for plain paper. Whatman's drawing-paper is considered pure.



NOV. & DEC.

FREE

On New Yearly Subscriptions Received before Jan. 1, '97, for

BABYLAND and LITTLE MEN AND WOMEN.

     "These publications give the children the right taste for reading,
     and help to an extent that is beyond expression in making them
     intelligent and in educating the moral nature, while furnishing
     them delightful entertainment."--_Herald and News._

BABYLAND

ENLARGED TO 16 PAGES.

50 CTS. A YEAR.

Sample Copy Free.

Every =MOTHER=, =KINDERGARTNER=, and =PRIMARY TEACHER= should have
BABYLAND.

SOME OF THE FEATURES FOR '97:

=BUZ-BUZ.= A tiny Serial Story. By CHAS. STUART PRATT. The "twelve
adventures of a housefly." Something really new in nursery literature;
as simple as it is novel.

=GUESSING STORIES.= By MARGARET JOHNSON. Small pictures take the place of
words. =Very easy=, =entertaining=, and =educational=.

=A PINT OF PEAS.= Work for Little Fingers. The construction of various
objects, using soaked peas and wood toothpicks. =Endless amusement.=

JINGLES, LITTLE STORIES, PICTURES.

       *       *       *       *       *

LITTLE MEN AND WOMEN

The only Magazine

edited especially for

CHILDREN from 7 to 11

$1.00 A YEAR. Specimen Free.

THREE SPLENDID SERIALS:

=JOHNNY, JACK, AND JOHN.= By MARGARET COMPTON.

=JO AND BETTY; or, Out in the World.= By SOPHIE SWETT.

=GOING WITH THE BIG BOYS.= By KATE UPSON CLARK.

       *       *       *       *       *

=BOY HEROES OF THE WAR.= By Mrs. A. R. WATSON. Pathetic, humorous,
thrilling. A dozen stories of young heroes of our Civil War--six of the
South, six of the North.

=THE TALKING BIRDS.= By M. C. CROWLEY. A series of amusing and marvellous
parrot stories--_true_ stories.

Notable Articles,

Short Stories, Poems,

Beautiful Pictures,

Children's Songs.

       *       *       *       *       *

ALPHA PUBLISHING CO., Boston.



THE CREAM OF

CHILDREN'S BOOKS

       *       *       *       *       *

MARCHING PLAYS

By GREY BURLESON

This is the one new book which should be in every home where there are
children; it is the one book no mother, primary teacher, or
kindergartner can afford to do without. No other book affords such
varied and lasting pleasures to little children; no other affords such
helps and suggestions to mothers and teachers, in entertaining children,
and in making entertainment educational.

[Illustration: A FRAGMENT FROM THE "OWL" PLAY]

     Familiar animals, birds, and insects are the natural motif of these
     gay and graceful Marching Plays, which develop the ready
     friendliness of children toward the animal creation. The twelve
     plays are elaborately illustrated by L. J. Bridgman for the
     pleasure of children and the guidance of mothers and teachers. They
     are also set to music by Kate L. Brown and F. E. Saville.

Each play has a page of suggestions showing how it can be varied and
adapted in many ways, both for amusement and instruction.

Price, quarto, fine cloth binding, $1.25.

       *       *       *       *       *

LITTLE MEN AND WOMEN

The New Bound Volume.--Annual for 1896.

The most popular volume issued for boys and girls from seven to twelve.
It contains the _most_ of the _best reading and pictures_ at the _right
price_. _Four Complete Serials. 400 quarto pages._

Price, quarto, extra cloth, $1.50.

       *       *       *       *       *

BABYLAND

The New Bound Volume.--Annual for 1896.

"Babyland" is designed to meet the needs of the little children, from
baby up to the seven-year-old. Many short stories, poems, jingles.

Price, quarto, extra cloth, $1.00.

       *       *       *       *       *

BOCKERS, AND HIS CHUM PEGGY

By MARGARET COMPTON

A lively story of two city school-boys.

Price, $1.25.

       *       *       *       *       *

AN AMERICAN DOG ABROAD

By FRANK POPE HUMPHREY

Dog Tony's experiences are very amusing. The accounts of their own life
and ways given to Tony by his foreign dog friends add much to this
unique tale of travel. 34 full-page illustrations.

Price, 12mo, cloth, $1.25.

       *       *       *       *       *

GREAT CATS I HAVE MET

By W. THOMSON

A dozen hunting adventures, _every one true_, with the "great
cats"--pumas, lions, tigers, leopards, etc. About seventy very striking
and educating pictures.

Price, 8vo, cloth, $1.25.

       *       *       *       *       *

LITTLE PETERKIN VANDIKE

The Story of his Famous Poetry Party

By CHAS. STUART PRATT

An amusing story. It includes a series of poems for recitation in
character; describes a series of tableaux which may be given singly or
as a whole. 12 full-page and many smaller pictures by L. J. Bridgman.

Price, 12mo, cloth, $1.00.

       *       *       *       *       *

Illustrated Catalogue of New Books for Children, Free.

_At booksellers; or sent postpaid on receipt of price by the
publishers,_

ALPHA PUBLISHING COMPANY,

212 Boylston Street, BOSTON, MASS.



A Stranger in New Orleans.

     Changing one's home from Staten Island to New Orleans in the fall
     of the year means a good deal of a change in climate and weather,
     not to mention the change in one's surroundings noticeable at any
     season. We like our new home much. Canal, the principal street, is
     very wide, and there are seven trolley lines upon it. Yesterday we
     took one of them and went six miles out to Jackson Barracks, where
     the United States troops are.

     The barracks face the Mississippi River, and are not casemates or
     stone walls, as are barracks in most of the forts around New York.
     They are houses, large and roomy. The soldiers seemed to know the
     place little better than we did, for they said they had only
     recently come here. They belong to the First United States
     Artillery, batteries of which are now scattered along the Gulf
     coast, some being at Pensacola, and others at St. Augustine. The
     Mississippi River is here higher than the city, hence the
     foundations for buildings are none of the best. So one of the
     peculiarities one notices, in contrast with the tall buildings I
     was long familiar with in New York, is the low structures.
     Everything seems so flat. Since coming here we have had much
     rain--tropical rain, it seems to me to be, for the water simply
     tumbles down for hours at a time. The days are warm, but the nights
     are not. I hope we shall like New Orleans, as we must live here for
     some years, but just now I am seeing new and strange things, and
     sometimes I long for a sight of Brooklyn Bridge, the Liberty
     Statue, and the White Squadron lying off Tompkinsville.

  F. W.
  NEW ORLEANS.

       *       *       *       *       *

The Convent Puzzle.

     This puzzle is a translation from the French, and is over two
     hundred years old.

     In a certain convent were nine cells, of which all but the central
     one were occupied by nuns. An abbess resided in the middle room,
     and visited the eight cells at regular intervals, to make sure that
     the sisters were keeping their vows, and each time found three nuns
     in each cell, which made nine in every row. Four nuns went out,
     however, but the abbess on her second round still found nine in a
     row. The four nuns now came back, each bringing a friend, and the
     good abbess still had no misgivings when she found the same number
     in each row as before. Four more friends were introduced, and still
     the correct number was found in the cells. How was all this
     possible? The answer to this puzzle will be published later on.

  VINCENT V. M. BEEDE.

       *       *       *       *       *

A Day on an Island of the Sea.

     I will try to tell the Table something about one of the islands of
     our coast, namely, St. Helena. It is a large island, and on it is
     grown that famous sea-island cotton valuable on account of its long
     fibre. St. Helena is now almost wholly peopled by colored folk, not
     a few of whom were once slaves. They are not equal to the raising
     of island cotton of so long fibre as are the white growers; but in
     almost every other respect they do exceedingly well at imitating
     the successful methods of their former masters.

     They have divided the island into small farms. These the more
     prosperous have purchased, and, what is equally important, they are
     paying for them. A few years ago they thought they had reached a
     wonderful degree of progress because they were able to begin
     putting glass into their house windows. Since then they have
     adopted other improvements, such as lamps, and even modern ploughs
     and other field implements. These negroes chiefly raise vegetables
     for the Northern markets, and I doubt not that not a few vegetables
     which you have bought early in the season, and paid a high price
     for, were grown on this island of the sea.

     The negroes of St. Helena have one quaint superstition, which some,
     but not all cling to yet. It is that if a child be carried from a
     house while asleep, its spirit remains behind beckoning the child
     back. The negroes here, as in many other parts of the South, will
     not work on Saturdays, and cannot by any inducement be made to do
     so. This comes from an old custom of slavery times, when Saturdays
     were devoted to clearing up the negro cabins, and then a holiday.

  LUCY H. EMORY.
  BEAUFORT, S. C.

       *       *       *       *       *

At Church in Wesley's Chapel.

     A few days after our trip up the Thames and our visit to Teddington
     and Hampton Court, we--there was nearly the same party--went into
     East London to see what may be called "the Cradle of Methodism." It
     is City Road Chapel, which both John and Charles Wesley preached
     in. It has been several times restored, but is now almost exactly
     as it was when the Wesleys lived. We went on a tram-car, which had
     a double deck to it, and which went as slowly as do the few
     remaining horse-cars in our own land. Our route lay out behind the
     Bank of England, into a poor part of the city, but a part that
     makes an attempt to brush itself up along the line of broad City
     Road.

     The chapel is still the centre of Wesleyan activity, and we got to
     it in time to hear a part of the morning service--a service which
     was, by-the-way, an odd mixture of Church of England forms and
     Methodist simplicity. After service we met the pastor, a charming
     man of sixty, who, knowing us at once as Americans, showed us every
     part of the chapel. I even read a verse from Wesley's Bible while
     standing in the pulpit in which he preached. The grave of John
     Wesley is a few feet without the rear chancel window of the chapel,
     and within thirty or forty feet of the pulpit. It is a common grave
     in the sense that it is in the ground and not in a building, and a
     fence surrounds it. Charles Wesley is buried at the right of the
     path, fifty feet farther back, and Susannah Wesley, the mother of
     both men, is interred in Bunhill Fields, which is across the street
     from City Road Chapel; and not very far from her, in the very
     centre of the "Field," lies John Bunyan, author of _Pilgrim's
     Progress_.

     We enjoyed our Sunday exceedingly--so well that two of us went back
     on Monday to see more of this old "Cradle of Methodism."

  ANNA BURTON.
  NEW YORK.

       *       *       *       *       *

Questions and Answers.

John B. Henry: Most emphatically does the Table approve the reading of
daily newspapers by boys and young men. They should carefully select
what newspapers they read, of course. A choice can be made by asking
some man in whom you have confidence what newspaper of your city has the
most character, stands for the best in civic and social life, is the
best edited. When you get the answer, buy the newspaper named, and read
it. Young men--you say you are fifteen--who do not rush through
high-school and college, but who take their time for it, who do five or
six years' studying in eight years, and read good literature and the
newspapers meanwhile, will be farther along at twenty-five, other traits
being equal, than those who do four years' studying in three, and
confine themselves to classics and cloisters. Don't be in a hurry.
Remember the saying, "The heavens are full of days, and all are coming
this way."--"Royalty": We do not know the purpose the Czar of Russia has
in view in visiting the other capitals of Europe, but it is often said
that those whom royalties visit wish they had not them as guests, and
often make grimaces over the cost.--"Sport": "Tom Tiddler's Ground" is
one of those games with an "it" in it, similar to "wood-tag." Tom has a
preserve--that is, a staked-off space. Others in play run on this space
and shout. Tom tries to catch one while on his ground. If successful,
the person caught becomes Tom.

"Does Mrs. Sangster approve of girls reading the daily newspapers?" asks
a Pennsylvania reader. She does, because she thinks girls should make
themselves informed on the topics of the day.--Frank H. King wants
sample copies of amateur newspapers. He lives at 53 Convent Avenue, New
York.--Beverly S. King, 1625 Atlantic Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y., wants
original jokes for the _Jester_.--"Science" asks if there is a real man
by the name of "Keeley," or "is the Keeley motor a joke?" Mr. Keeley is
the name of a real person. His full name is John W. Keeley, and he lives
in Philadelphia. His workshop, where the famous "motor" is, is at Eighth
and Master streets in that city. Mr. Keeley has been experimenting since
1872, seeking to invent or perfect a machine that will run itself
practically without cost. He is not a searcher after perpetual motion,
but claims to be working on scientific principles. Opinions differ
whether the Keeley motor is or is not a joke.

"Ambitious" asks how he can obtain a position in a bank or trust
company's counting-room. He is willing to begin at the bottom, of
course. Go to the president or cashier of said institution and formally
apply. Take with you, of course, a letter of introduction if you can do
so. If you cannot, have some references ready. Apply at all the places
you know of, so as to have the largest number of chances at a vacancy.
Apply in person. Letters written to banks in distant places will do you
little good. If you chance to have a relative or friend in a distant
city, and can ask a favor of him, request him to apply for you if
convenient for him to do so. Such positions pay little at first, and
generally are to be had only by good endorsements and patient
waiting.--C. Arnold Kruckman says it is desired to form, in St. Louis,
an Amateur Press Club, to include amateur journalists of not only the
city, but adjacent towns of Missouri and Illinois. He will be at Jones
College, Fifth Street, between Locust and Olive streets, on Saturdays,
and mail may be sent to him there. He hopes to hear from you.--Edgar
Hill, 3612 Columbia Avenue, Cincinnati, wants to receive copies of
amateur papers, and to join a literary Chapter or society desiring
corresponding members.--"Inquirer": The pretty Year Book of the
Kearsarge Round Table Chapter, recently described, may be had for
twenty-nine cents. Address L. G. Price, 547 Union Street, Hudson,
N. Y.--H. Lang: There is no binder for the ROUND TABLE such as you
describe. The publishers sell the board covers at fifty cents. They are
intended to be taken to a bookbinder, with the fifty-two numbers for the
year, who makes a perfect library book.

Henry Jones: The Quarantine Station, New York Harbor, is maintained and
supervised by the State of New York, and not by the United States
Government. The United States leads in number of Sunday-school scholars.
In 1893, the latest report at hand, there were about ten million young
persons in the schools of all denominations. The country coming next
this is, of course, England, which had, in the same year, six millions
in round numbers.--John B. Condon: Silver is not mined wholly from
silver-mines so-called. Indeed, the last report of the Director of the
United States Mint shows that more than one-half of the annual silver
product of this country is mined in copper and lead mines, as a
by-product.

Satchell asks where a complete United States sailor's uniform can be
had. Inquiry at the navy-yard in Brooklyn brings the information that
none will be sold there, and the only way to obtain a uniform made by
the government tailor is to buy it from some sailor at private purchase.
Tailors near the yard say they cannot furnish uniforms. But a leading
New York furnisher tells the Table, upon inquiry, that costumers have
these uniforms, or that any tailor of your city can make them. The cost
in summer-weight goods will be about $16; in winter-weight, $24. The
shirt may be bought ready made; the trousers should be short-waisted,
close-fitting, and lace in the back. The size at the knee for an average
man of, say, five feet nine inches tall, should be seventeen inches; at
bottom twenty-one inches.--_The Advocate_, an amateur paper published by
M. J. Bowen, Station B, Boston, Mass., wants sketches, verses, and fun
to fill its columns.--Fred B. Ely should apply to his member of Congress
for information about entering the Naval Academy. Entrance cannot now be
had till next year at best, and not then unless there be a vacancy from
his district. The examinations are on the common branches only, but are
very rigid on them. The physical test is also severe.



[Illustration: STAMPS]

     This Department is conducted in the interest of stamp and coin
     collectors, and the Editor will be pleased to answer any question
     on these subjects so far as possible. Correspondents should address
     Editor Stamp Department.


The Director of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing reports that the
sale of stamps during the past year was as follows:

  Postage-stamps              3,025,481,467
  Special-delivery stamps         4,666,270
  Postage-due stamps             19,348,714
  Newspaper stamps                5,505,672

In addition, the bureau made the following stamps for internal-revenue
purposes: 36,044,732 sheets of Tobacco, Liquor, and Playing-card stamps;
214,000 sheets Custom-house stamps, besides a vast quantity of United
States bonds, bank-notes, certificates, etc.

Crime and philately were formerly strangers to each other, but the
growing value of stamps is reflected by the criminal statistics of
to-day. In one number of the _Stamp-Collectors' Fortnightly_, published
in England, I find the following items (I omit details): 1. The trial of
Aubert and Margaret Dubois for the murder of Delahaef, committed to
obtain possession of Delahaef's stamp collection. The man was condemned
to penal servitude for life, the woman to three years' imprisonment. 2.
The trial of two young men in Liverpool for stealing stamps from
dealers. 3. A similar case in Aberdeen. 4. A similar case at
Bournemouth. 5. Two other cases at London.

In addition, a large part of the paper is taken up with the Sydney
_Bulletin_'s article on the "unauthorised and scandalous" trading in
postage-stamps by post-office officials; the sale of 5-peseta stamps at
Gibraltar, which could not be obtained at the post-office, as
practically the whole stock had been sold to one man; and to a review of
the Nova Scotia remainder mystery. The author comes to the conclusion
that the Nova Scotia stamps (cents issue) had best be left alone by all
collectors. Then there is a review of the silly article which appeared
in a New York paper a short time ago, in which the failure of a large
mercantile house was ascribed to the neglect of business by the head of
the house while he pottered over his collection of postage-stamps.

     A. C. TARR.--Dealers ask $1.50 for early gold dollars, and $2 to
     $2.50 for the later dates; half-dollars, silver, 1828, 75c.; 3c.
     silver pieces, 10c. for early dates, 50c. to $1 for late dates; but
     coins must be in "Fine" condition. Ordinary circulated U.S. coins
     are worth face only.

     W. T. HOWELL.--The 50c. blue and black U.S. Revenue are very
     common, and can be bought at 2c.

     G. G. MORSE.--The prices quoted were for unperforated stamps only.
     Those with perforations are, as a rule, of little value. As there
     are hundreds of varieties, it is impossible to give a list, but
     would advise your purchasing a stamp-catalogue, which prices U.S.
     Revenues of all descriptions. No idea as to value can be formed
     without examination.

     J. D. DUFF.--As the button fad is rapidly dying out, this
     Department can not advise regarding them.

     W. E. SHREVE, Ridley Park, Pa., wishes to exchange stamps.

     B. B. MEGGS.--The 1897 catalogues will probably all be published
     during the month of December or early in January. The prices vary
     from 10c. to $1.50; but 50c. will be the price of probably the best
     one.

     AMATEUR.--Addresses can not be given in this column, with the
     exception of readers of the ROUND TABLE who wish to exchange
     stamps.

  PHILATUS.



[Illustration: IVORY SOAP]

At all grocery stores east of the Rocky Mountains two sizes of Ivory
Soap are sold; one that costs five cents a cake, and a larger size. The
larger cake is the more convenient and economical for laundry and
general household use. If your Grocer is out of it, insist on his
getting it for you.

THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CO., CIN'TI.



JOSEPH GILLOTT'S

STEEL PENS

Nos. 303, 404, 170, 604 E.F., 601 E.F.

And other styles to suit all hands.

THE MOST PERFECT OF PENS.



[Illustration]

EARN A GOLD WATCH!

We wish to introduce our =Teas and Baking Powder=. Sell 50 lbs. to earn a
=Waltham Gold Watch and Chain=; 25 lbs. for a =Silver Watch and Chain=; 10
lbs. for a =Gold Ring=; 50 lbs. for a =Decorated Dinner Set=; 75 lbs.
for a =Bicycle=. Write for a Catalog and Order Blank to Dept. I

W. G. BAKER,

Springfield, Mass.



[Illustration]

_X-RAY CAMERA._

Roentgen and Edison out-done. The great up to date Sensation! Penetrates
any object inserted between its lenses, no matter how thick or dense.
You can see through a solid piece of iron or a part of your body, as
through a crystal; of all optical marvels ever discovered this is the
most wonderful. Two sets of compound lenses in handsome telescope case
3-1/2 in. long. Sells for 25c. Sample complete and mailed postpaid with
catalogue of 1000 Bargains for 15c. 2 for 25c. $1.25 Doz. AGENTS WANTED.
DON'T WAIT--DO IT NOW.

Robt. H. Ingersoll & Bro., Dept. No. 62, 65 Cortlandt St., N. Y.



HOME STUDY.

A thorough and practical Business Education in Book-keeping, Short-hand,
etc., given by =MAIL= at student's home. Low rates. Catalogue free. Trial
lesson, 10c. Write to

BRYANT & STRATTON, 85 College Bldg., Buffalo, N. Y.



YOU CAN GET

BABYLAND

Six Months For 10 Cents

by sending two other 6-months' subscribers on the same terms. Write for
the necessary _special subscription blanks_.

Alpha Publishing Co., Boston.

       *       *       *       *       *

Boys! Girls! earn

$5 to $25 before Christmas.

Particulars free.

Alpha Publishing Co., Boston.



HOOPING

COUGH

CROUP

Can be cured

by using

ROCHE'S HERBAL

EMBROCATION

The celebrated and effectual English cure, without internal medicine. W.
EDWARD & SON, Props., London, Eng. =All Druggists.=

E. FOUGERA & CO., New York.



PLAYS

--SPEAKERS--

For Home and School.

New Catalogues FREE.

DE WITT, Rose St., N.Y.

--DIALOGUES--



PLAYS

Dialogues, Speakers for School, Club and Parlor. Catalogue free.

=T. S. DENISON=, Publisher, Chicago, Ill.



CARDS

FOR 1897. 50 Sample Styles

AND LIST OF 400 PREMIUM ARTICLES

FREE. HAVERFIELD PUB CO., CADIZ, OHIO



TWO HANDSOME NEW BOOKS

       *       *       *       *       *

NAVAL ACTIONS OF THE WAR OF 1812

By JAMES BARNES. With 21 Full-page Illustrations by CARLTON T. CHAPMAN.
Printed in color or tint. 8vo, Cloth, Ornamental, Deckel Edges and Gilt
Top, $4.50.

THE DWARFS' TAILOR

And Other Fairy Tales. Collected by ZOE DANA UNDERHILL. Illustrated.
Post 8vo, Cloth, Ornamental, $1.75.

       *       *       *       *       *

HARPER & BROTHERS, Publishers, New York



[Illustration]

THE MOON-FAY PORTRAIT-GALLERY.

  Upon a giant lily-pad the Bull-frog sits at night
  To have his portrait painted by a cunning little sprite;
  The artist begs him take a pose that gives him greatest ease,
  And every now and then he says, "Look pleasant, if you please."

       *       *       *       *       *

Some years ago there lived in England a certain bishop who was extremely
pompous, and very fond of impressing upon the minds of the poorer people
the evil of doing wrong. As they never seemed to do aught but wrong in
the worthy man's opinion, it sometimes became irksome to these people to
hear him constantly admonishing them to do right. One of the bishop's
habits was to visit the miners a short distance from his city, and his
presence grew familiar to these toilers. During one of his calls he
found a group of them talking together, and after a few preliminary
words on his customary subject of doing right, he asked them what they
were talking of.

"You see," said one of the men, "we found a kettle, and us has been
er-trying who can tell the biggest loi to own the kettle."

The bishop was duly surprised, and read the men a lecture in which he
spoke of how strongly the offence of lying had been impressed upon him
when he was young, and how he had never told a lie in the whole course
of his life. He had hardly finished when one of the men cried out,

"Gi'e him the kettle, Jim! Gi'e him the kettle."

       *       *       *       *       *

TIT FOR TAT.

A British sailor being a witness in a murder case, was called to the
stand, and was asked by the counsel for the Crown whether he was for the
plaintiff or defendant.

"Plaintiff or defendant?" said the sailor, scratching his head. "Why, I
don't know what you mean by plaintiff or defendant. I come to speak for
me friend," pointing to the prisoner.

"You're a pretty fellow for a witness," said the counsel, "not to know
what plaintiff or defendant means."

Later in the trial the counsel asked the sailor what part of the ship he
was in at the time of the murder.

"Abaft the binnacle, me lord," said the sailor.

"Abaft the binnacle?" replied the barrister. "What part of the ship is
that?"

"Ain't you a pretty feller for a counsellor," said the sailor, grinning
at the counsel, "not to know what abaft the binnacle is!"

The court laughed.

       *       *       *       *       *

EASILY SATISFIED.

There was once a mandarin who was excessively fond of jewels, and always
walked abroad with his robe covered with the sparkling gems. One day he
was accosted by an old bonze, who, following him through the street,
bowed himself often to the ground and thanked the mandarin for his
jewels.

"What does the man mean?" cried the mandarin, in great alarm. Then
addressing the bonze, he said, "I never gave you any jewels, man!"

"No," replied the bonze, "but you have let me look at them, and that is
all the use you can make of them yourself, so there is no difference
between us, except that you have the trouble of guarding them, a task I
should not care for."

       *       *       *       *       *

In a book of travels written by a Mr. Barrow we find this interesting
bit of information. A Hottentot was seen to apply the short end of his
wooden tobacco-pipe to the mouth of a snake when the reptile was darting
out its tongue. Death was instantaneous, the effect almost like an
electric shock; with a convulsive motion that lasted only for a moment
the snake half untwisted itself, and then became still. And upon
examination the muscles were found to be so contracted that the snake
felt as hard as if it had been dried in the sun.

       *       *       *       *       *

Frederick the Great of Prussia used to tell a laughable story of an
experience of his own. During one of his campaigns in Silesia, he made
it his habit to stroll through his camp in disguise at night, to come
more in touch with his soldiers. One night he was stopped by a sentry,
but, giving the proper password, was permitted to proceed. Instead of
doing so, however, he endeavored to tempt the sentry into accepting a
cigar, saying that a smoke would solace his long watch.

"It is against the rules," said the soldier.

"But you have my permission," said Frederick.

"Your permission!" cried the soldier. "And who are you?"

"I am the King."

"The King be hanged!" said the incorruptible sentry. "What would my
Captain say?"

       *       *       *       *       *

AN EMBARRASSING REQUEST.

[Illustration: "WILL YOU KINDLY LEND US YOUR BRUSH FOR A MOMENT, SIR
REYNARD? YOU KNOW A BEAVER NEVER LOOKS NEAT UNLESS WELL BRUSHED."]





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