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Title: The Lanchester tradition
Author: Bradby, G. F.
Language: English
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  FIRST EDITION        _September, 1913_
  _Reprinted_          _January, 1914_
  _Reprinted_          _August, 1919_

  [_All rights reserved_]


This is a school story; but Chiltern School has yet to be founded and
the masters and boys who figure in the following pages have never
existed outside the author’s brain. It is necessary to say so much,
partly because most stories of this kind have admittedly dealt with
particular schools, and partly because many readers have very little
idea of the workings of the imaginative faculty. At all events, when
a professional man ventures to write fiction, they insist on seeing
history or caricature, and proceed to affix labels; for there is
a general assumption that professional men, and schoolmasters in
particular, are necessarily devoid of imagination.

Once more then, Chiltern is not a real school and its masters are
not real masters. But, though not real, they are not impossible--at
least, so the author believes. For men, like boys, are unconsciously
moulded by their environment and tend to conform to types; and, given a
school like Chiltern, there would probably be masters like the Chiltern

                                                                G. F. B.

  _June, 1913._


  CHAPTER                                                      PAGE

     I. THE ELECTION                                              1

    II. MR. FLAGGON PAYS A VISIT                                 14

   III. EXIT DR. GUSSY                                           29

    IV. THE FIRST SKIRMISH                                       43

     V. MR. TIPHAM                                               56

    VI. THE CLOVEN HOOF                                          69

   VII. THE AFFAIR OF LE WILLOW                                  79

  VIII. THE PARENTS’ COMMITTEE                                   92

    IX. “GOD’S IN HIS HEAVEN”                                   103

     X. THE LANCHESTER LETTERS                                  114


   XII. THE EXPLOSION                                           139

  XIII. IN DARK PLACES                                          151

   XIV. THE DAY OF DECISION                                     164

    XV. AFTERMATH                                               176




Chiltern School lies just outside the sleepy little town of the same
name. Its motto is “Providendo nec timendo,” and its colours--a happy
combination of cerise, orange, and green--are a familiar sight in all
parts of the Empire. But the school itself, though second to none in
the opinion of Chilternians, who should be the best judges, is not seen
so often by the general public as its colours, because it can only be
reached by a branch line and the time-table is a difficulty. It owes
its inaccessibility to the foresight of its governors who, at the time
when railways were invented, succeeded in keeping the main line at a
distance; so when the present chairman comes down for Speech-day he
generally travels in a motor-car.

Its stone walls are grey with age or green with creepers. Later
generations have relieved the monotony by adding blocks of buildings in
variegated brick, and nowhere can the genius of Sir George Honeymead,
the famous mid-Victorian architect, be studied to greater advantage.
But of recent years taste has swung back in favour of uniformity, and
whenever a famous Old Chilternian dies--and there are many famous Old
Chilternians--an attempt is made to perpetuate his memory by converting
the brick into stone. The sick-house, the gymnasium, the workshops, and
the lodge have already been transformed; and it is generally understood
that, when a certain aged statesman is taken to his rest, the Great
Hall will undergo a similar change--unless, indeed, a new chemical
laboratory is considered to have prior claims.

The school owes its existence to the generosity of one John Buss,
a local farrier, who migrated to London in the early years of the
seventeenth century, prospered in his business, and bequeathed a
school and a hospital to his native place. Antiquarians have been at
pains to prove that what John Buss really did was to endow an ancient
but struggling institution that had existed on the same site ever
since Benedictine days, and that the history of Chiltern stretches
back into the dark ages before even William of Wykeham was born.
But the long gap between the suppression of the monasteries and the
seventeenth century is hard to bridge satisfactorily, and John Buss is
still regarded, officially, as the creator of the famous school. The
property which he bequeathed in East London has of late years greatly
deteriorated in value, and, when the prior claims of the hospital have
been met, the school only nets £92 3_s._ 11_d._ per annum out of the
endowments. The Liberal papers, however, have not yet discovered this
fact, and, when politics are dull, they demand that the revenues of
Chiltern shall be restored to the nation and a University for working
men built and endowed with the same. This contention helps to keep
the memory of John Buss green outside the walls of Chiltern, and
there are some who see in him a pioneer of Democracy and a prophet
of the University Extension movement. Be that as it may, Chiltern
at the present moment is rich because rich men are content to pay
large fees in order that their sons may have the privilege of being
educated, exclusively, with the sons of other rich men. The junior
masters are of opinion that these large fees should be made still
larger, and the salaries of the junior masters raised in proportion;
but the senior masters scout this proposal as mercenary. The senior
masters at Chiltern are popularly supposed to be better paid than the
senior masters at any other school. Whether this is so or not, it is
impossible to say for certain; for the senior masters at Chiltern only
talk of their salaries to the surveyor of taxes, and, even then, they
do so reluctantly.

The town of Chiltern lives to a great extent upon the school, and
the authorised tradesmen, who enjoy a practical monopoly, have a
lively faith in the value of the goods supplied by them to “the young
gentlemen”; which faith is convincingly reflected in the prices they
charge. In the unauthorised trades, that is to say amongst tobacconists
and dealers in motor-cycles, air-guns, and translations of the
Classics, competition tends to keep prices down. Nevertheless, these
illicit traders are always supposed to have done remarkably well in the
palmy days of Dr. Gussy.

Notwithstanding this bond of union, there is a traditional feeling of
hostility on the part of the town towards the school. This is due, in
part, to the fact that the school people are supposed to look down upon
the town people, but, still more, to a widely prevalent belief that,
somehow or other, the school has defrauded the town of the farrier’s
benefactions. As this belief is entirely without foundation, it is
likely to be lasting.

The country round Chiltern is pretty if not exciting. There is a round
hill (called by the masters “Soracte,” and by the natives “the Sow’s
Back”) at a convenient distance from the school, which commands a view
over four counties and enables such of the staff as are inclined to
obesity to retain a semblance of their youthful shape. In spring the
landscape is white with cherry and pear blossom, and in autumn the
apples make a cheerful show. There are quiet lanes, peaceful farms, and
irritable farmers, who make unreasonable complaints when “the young
gentlemen” break down their hedges, tread down their young wheat, or
pillage their orchards.

The climate is of the kind that is commonly called salubrious; for
anæmic boys it is generally considered bracing, but it is also
recommended as temperate for those who are afflicted with delicate
chests. Like all schools in England, public or private, Chiltern
stands on gravel, and the drains are of the most approved and
up-to-date pattern. Both the gravel and the up-to-dateness of the
drains are vouched for by the school porter. The school-rooms are for
the most part dark, but of great historic interest, and possessed
of an indefinable charm. This charm, and the sense of continuity
with a remote past, are generally regarded as an adequate substitute
for ventilation. Indeed, many of the senior masters at Chiltern are
strongly opposed to ventilation in any form, and prefer their air with
a “bouquet.”

The playing fields, locally known as Colonus, are amongst the noblest
in England, and are said to have been the scene of a sanguinary battle
between the Danes and the Saxons. The School Antiquarian Society
occasionally indulges in feverish bouts of digging, in the hope of
unearthing bones or some other memorial of the fray; but, hitherto,
they have failed to discover anything but stones and the bowl of a clay
pipe. A stream, which flows at the far end of the grounds, provides
the school with a unique swimming-bath (_vide_ prospectus). Under
Dr. Gussy’s thoughtful régime the banks of this stream were planted
thickly with rhododendrons and other flowering shrubs, which afford a
reasonably secure retreat, on Sundays, for such of the scholars as wish
to enjoy a quiet pipe without the fatigue of pedestrian exercise. But
etiquette requires that boys who have not yet reached their fourth Term
shall smoke elsewhere.

In spite, however, of its ancient school-rooms, noble grounds, and
salubrious climate, Chiltern would probably never have become one of
_the_ public schools of England if it had not been for Dr. Lanchester.
When Abraham Lanchester became headmaster, at the end of the eighteenth
century, he found the place little more than a county grammar school;
he left it an institution of National, almost Imperial, importance.

Chiltern has lived ever since on the memory of Dr. Lanchester. It
is natural, therefore, that he should be worshipped as the second
and greater founder of the community. John Buss is honoured for his
picturesque figure and his priceless gift of antiquity, but Lanchester
is the presiding deity. His statue stands in the centre of the great
quadrangle, his portrait looks down from the walls of the Great
Hall; the library, the workshops, and other lesser buildings, or
additions to buildings, are called after his name; and every foreign
preacher in the School Chapel, whether he is pleading for peace or
war, for Christian unity or Church defence, for social service or
Imperial expansion, closes his peroration with an appeal to the
memory of Abraham Lanchester. The Lanchester tradition permeates
the place like an atmosphere, invisible but stimulating. It is
difficult to analyse, for, like all great truths, it states itself
in different terms to different minds and has a special message for
each. To the general public it stands for the Classics and faith
in the educational value of Latin verse. To the masters it means a
firm belief in the efficacy of the methods, or absence of method,
to which they have become attached through long habit. To the Old
Chilternians it embodies the social ideas and customs with which they
grew up; and to the boys themselves, if it means anything more than a
name, it represents a certain immutability and fixity of things, an
as-it-was-in-the-beginning-is-now-and-ever-shall-be attitude towards
life that appeals to their best conservative instincts. Any change
in the hour of a lesson or the colour of a ribbon is regarded as an
outrage on the Lanchester tradition, and is popularly supposed to make
the dead hero turn in his grave.

In connection with the school tradition it should, perhaps, be
mentioned that there is a life of the great man by a friend and
contemporary, and that there is nothing in it to suggest that Dr.
Lanchester was so acutely sensitive to change. He seems, indeed, to
have impressed his biographer as a restless spirit, with new and rather
daring ideas about education. Bound in the school colours and stamped
with the school crest, this volume is frequently given as a prize, and
figures on many a Chiltern bookshelf. But it is seldom read, except by
Germans and Nonconformist ministers; for it is ponderously written,
and Chiltern is more concerned with the memory than with the life of
its great headmaster. In fact, the tradition is an oral rather than a
written tradition, and it is perpetually renewed. Chiltern claims to
receive a continuous stream of inspiration from its second founder; and
the current of the stream runs strongly against change.

But a moment came in the history of the school, when the Lanchester
tradition and all that it stands for was threatened with a
violent overhauling, if not a complete extinction. After a reign
of four-and-twenty years, to all outward appearance peaceful and
prosperous, Dr. Gussy suddenly discovered that he had had enough of it
and accepted a vacant Deanery. And then the Governing Body, or Council
as it is properly called, in one of those fits of absent-mindedness
to which governing bodies are liable, elected as his successor a
comparatively young man of unorthodox views and no practical experience.

The election was one of the seven wonders of the scholastic world.
There had been more than a score of candidates for the vacant post,
including a successful curate and an unsuccessful army coach; but it
was known that only two of them were in the running, Henry Guthridge
and the Rev. Ignatius Lawrence. Mr. Guthridge was a layman and an
Old Chilternian; he had served an apprenticeship of five years as
assistant master at the school, and had since filled the post of
Hilbert Professor and Lecturer at Oxford. Dr. Lawrence, a clergyman
of advanced Anglican views, hailed from Cambridge, and had won a
certain reputation as headmaster of St. Cuthbert’s, in the north of
England. Mr. Guthridge was the official candidate of the staff, and
it was believed that he would carry the day, in spite of the Bishop,
who was known to be strongly opposed to the appointment of a layman.
As for the Rev. Septimus Flaggon, whose name, to everybody’s surprise,
was added as a third to the select list, nobody treated his claims
seriously. Fellow of an obscure college, tutor to a foreign prince,
and subsequently president of some educational institution in Wales,
his youth and inexperience ruled him out of serious consideration. It
transpired, moreover, that he owed his place among the select to some
powerful influence in the background. Some said that he was being run
by a member of the Royal family; others suspected the Prime Minister;
others, again, the Russian Ambassador. But all agreed that he was,
where he was, _honoris causa_ and as a matter of form. The choice
obviously lay between Guthridge and Lawrence, with the odds in favour
of Guthridge, in spite of his laymanship.

However, when the Council met at Grandborough, the county town, to come
to a decision, it was found that the Bishop had canvassed strongly and
that lay and clerical forces were exactly evenly divided. The Chairman
of the Council, a man of moderate views, disliked clerical domination
but was also averse from the appointment of an Old Chilternian; so he
declined to give a casting vote in favour of either candidate. Neither
side would budge an inch, and the contention grew sharp between them.
Twice Mr. Guthridge and Dr. Lawrence were called separately from the
dingy room in which, together with Mr. Flaggon, they were awaiting
their fate, and submitted to a lengthy cross-examination, in the hope
that one or other of them would say something to turn the evenly
balanced scales. But neither succeeded in detaching the necessary vote.

At length the Chairman, who had a train to catch and a dinner depending
on the train, looked at his watch and hinted at an alternative
solution. Had the Council sufficiently considered the claims of the
third candidate, a man of great promise with very influential backing?

Compromise is an essential feature of the English character, and long
hours of enervating discussion, in a stuffy room on a July afternoon,
are favourable to its rapid growth. The Council was exhausted, and Mr.
Flaggon had some striking testimonials. His orders were a sop to the
Bishop, and his reputed unorthodoxy appealed to the lay party. So, at
the eleventh hour, Mr. Flaggon was called into the Council Chamber.
His appearance was satisfactory, and his answers to a few questions
that were put to him by the Chairman and the Bishop gave no offence.
He seemed a providential way out of an impossible situation, and
withdrew, at the end of the interview, amidst encouraging smiles. Five
minutes later, to the chagrin of his rivals and his own surprise, he
was invited once more into the Council Chamber and informed that he was
headmaster elect of Chiltern. After which the Chairman left hurriedly
to catch his train.

At Chiltern the triumph of Guthridge was awaited with quiet confidence.
Nobody, except Dr. Gussy, believed that the Council would dare to
disregard the explicit wishes of the masters and the personal claims of
the only Old Chilternian who was standing--the one man, in fact, who
was qualified to carry on, intact, the great Lanchester tradition. So,
when the astonishing news came through that Flaggon, and not Guthridge,
was the man, it was received at first with blank incredulity, followed
immediately afterwards by a burst of passionate resentment. Who was
Flaggon, what was Flaggon, who had ever heard or dreamed of Flaggon?
The masters were seen talking and gesticulating in excited groups in
the great quadrangle.

“It’s an insult,” cried Mr. Pounderly, shaking his clenched fist, “a
deliberate insult, aimed at the whole staff. I say a deliberate insult!”

“On the contrary,” said Mr. Bent the cynic (every staff possesses a
cynic), “it’s merely another instance of the ironic humour for which
the Council is famous.” Mr. Cox, the Nestor of Chiltern, shook his head
sadly from side to side with a far-away look in his eyes; Mr. Black,
the senior mathematician, was for petitioning the Council, at once, to
revoke its decision; and when Mr. Chase, the moderate man (every staff
possesses at least one moderate who reads the _Spectator_), expressed
a timid hope that the newcomer would be given a fair chance, he was
within an ace of being lynched. Even the school porter, a man of solemn
demeanour and grave reticence, expressed the opinion that the choice
was “hominous.”

As for Dr. Gussy, who, without committing himself publicly, had worked
hard for Dr. Lawrence in private, he was completely prostrated by the
blow. Scarcely could he bring himself to make the official announcement
to the school in the Great Hall; and, when he did so, it was with the
voice and gestures of the Roman prætor announcing after Thrasymene,
“We have lost a great battle.” For several days he affected to regard
himself as superseded, set aside, and sulked like Achilles in his tent.



The election of Mr. Flaggon was followed immediately by the resignation
of Mr. Cox. Mr. Cox was in the habit of resigning whenever his
proposals were voted down or his advice neglected. Dr. Gussy had,
at various times, received twelve such communications from him and,
on each occasion, had found no difficulty in persuading Mr. Cox to
reconsider his decision. There is every reason to suppose that Mr. Cox
expected a similar issue to his thirteenth act of protest. But he had
chosen his time badly. Dr. Gussy merely said, “_I_ no longer count,”
and forwarded the letter to the headmaster elect. And the headmaster
elect, unfamiliar with Mr. Cox’s idiosyncrasies and much impressed
by his age, which was seventy-five, accepted the resignation in a
courteous and gracious spirit.

Mr. Cox had so long regarded himself as an integral and necessary part
of Chiltern and the Lanchester tradition that he was mortified to find
how calmly his departure was taken. His colleagues, indeed, were most
sympathetic, and said that his going would be a terrible break with
the past, and that they would miss him increasingly. But they added
that they thought he had acted very wisely in choosing this particular
moment to leave them; and this was not the sort of consolation that
Mr. Cox expected or desired. It is said that he still regards himself
as the first and most notable victim of the new régime, and speaks
contemptuously of “poor old Gussy, who couldn’t play a winning hand
even when he held all the trumps.” How exactly the hand _should_
have been played is not clear; but the implication is that Mr. Cox’s
resignation was the ace of trumps, and that, rightly used, it would
have brought the Council to its senses and prevented untold calamities.

But, if Mr. Cox’s resignation was taken calmly, Mr. Flaggon’s
appointment continued to stir Chiltern to its lowest depths. Articles
were disinterred from the back numbers of magazines, educational or
otherwise, in which Mr. Flaggon had spoken slightingly of the public
schools and public school methods; and the press was deplorable. The
Liberal dailies hailed the appointment as the beginning of a new
era and the death-blow to an antiquated tradition. Even a leading
Conservative journal, which should have known better, described the
election as a daring but interesting experiment, and proceeded to
sketch an ideal curriculum, for the benefit of the new headmaster, in
which Greek was abolished and its place taken by compulsory military
drill. The Council blushed uneasily at finding itself suddenly in the
van of progress, and began to say harsh things about its Chairman; and
its Chairman was only partially comforted by an assurance from the
distinguished person behind the scenes that they had chosen the best
man in, “a man who will think before he acts and who will go far.” For
to the Chairman the ideal headmaster was rather a man who would mark
time decorously than an explorer of untrodden ways.

To the masters the suggestion that Chiltern needed reforming--“turning
inside out,” they called it--was, to say the least, unpalatable.
As practical men they despised the theorist; and, of all forms
of theorist, the one that they most disliked was the educational
enthusiast--the innovator, the impostor. Mr. Pounderly went about with
a scared face and mysterious air, whispering “lamentable, lamentable”
to his colleagues; and Mr. Woburn, the scientist, who affected
metaphors and frequently mixed them, declared that, though the Classics
were undoubtedly overdone at Chiltern, he hated the idea of a man who
would always be trying experiments and pulling them up by the roots to
see how they were shaping.

The idea of petitioning the Council against the appointment had been
abandoned, partly on the advice of the moderates, but chiefly for lack
of support from the juniors. For, on second thoughts, the juniors
discovered that they did not want the new headmaster to be a nominee
and creature of the veterans. The senior masters at Chiltern were
famous for their longevity and for the tenacious way in which they
clung to the posts of vantage; and, if change meant only a gradual
shifting of the senior masters, there was something to be said in
favour of change. But it was clearly understood that, if Mr. Flaggon
attempted to drive his staff along new and unfamiliar ways, he would
find them a most awkward and intractable team to handle.

Amid the babel of tongues there was one man who maintained what was,
for him, an attitude of unusual reserve. This was Mr. Chowdler,
the strong man of Chiltern. Mr. Chowdler owed his reputation for
strength, not to any breadth of view or depth of sympathetic insight,
but to a sublime unconsciousness of his own limitations. Narrow but
concentrated, with an aggressive will and a brusque intolerance of all
who differed from him, he was a fighter who loved fighting for its own
sake and who triumphed through the sheer exhaustion of his enemies;
and a Term in which he did not engage in at least one mortal combat
was to him a blank Term. A tall man, with broad shoulders, round head,
thin sandy hair, and full lips, he caught the eye in whatever company
he might be, and his resonant voice arrested attention. At golfing
centres, in the holidays, he was not always a very popular figure. But
his confident manner impressed parents, and his was considered _the_
house at Chiltern. People often wondered why he had never stood for
headmasterships or sought a wider scope for the exercise of power. In
reality he had never felt the need. He had so completely identified
himself with Chiltern that it never even occurred to him to leave
it; and his had for many years been the master mind that shaped the
destinies of the school.

In saying this we are not forgetting the existence of Dr. Gussy. But
Dr. Gussy, though he had been the titular chief for nearly a quarter of
a century, had long ceased to be the ruling spirit. In vulgar phrase,
he had allowed Mr. Chowdler to “run him,” and it was generally supposed
to be weariness of bondage rather than of power which had induced him
to resign before the completion of his twenty-fifth year of office. In
appearance he was a complete contrast to his formidable lieutenant.
Small and rather fragile, with silver-white hair and a refined,
delicately moulded face that suggested Dresden china, he was the type
of the old-fashioned scholar. Though there was nothing commanding in
his personality it was none the less distinguished, and the thinness
of a high-pitched, and sometimes almost squeaky, voice was atoned for
by the perfection of his articulation. In his younger days he had
taken a prominent place among the champions of the Oxford Movement,
and, if he had not become a headmaster, he might have been notorious
as a theologian; indeed, his commentary on the Epistle of St. Clement
is admitted by all to be a remarkable work. Fathers of Chiltern boys
loved to hear him read the lessons, and mothers frequently remarked,
“What a lovely face!” But he was by nature too refined and sensitive to
cope successfully with the robust methods of Mr. Chowdler, and, after
struggling fitfully for some years, he had purchased comparative peace
by an irritable submission. Mrs. Chowdler, an obtuse little woman who
worshipped her husband and imagined that everybody at Chiltern shared
her admiration, used to say that “Harry” was the headmaster’s better
self. She had herself always been ready and willing to be a sister
to Mrs. Gussy; but after a long series of pointed rebuffs she had
abandoned the attempt, and the relations between the two families were
official rather than cordial.

It was not likely that Mr. Chowdler would approve of the new
appointment; indeed, he seldom approved of any arrangement that was not
of his own making. But his attitude was one of amused banter rather
than of fierce hostility, and he spoke with a good-natured smile of the
“Empty Flaggon.” “Wait and see” was his advice. “You will find that
the place and its traditions are too strong for the empty one. He may
froth and he may fume, but he can’t hurt us. We are strong enough to
assimilate a whole cellarful of Flaggons.”

These and similar remarks made it clear to the initiated that Mr.
Chowdler proposed to run the new headmaster, as he had run his

In the middle of July Mr. Flaggon paid his first visit to Chiltern.
The position of a headmaster elect is a delicate one, and he wisely
declined to be introduced formally to the school. If omens count for
anything, the circumstances of this visit were inauspicious; for it
coincided with a period of four-and-twenty hours of continuous rain.
Mr. Flaggon carried away a general impression of gloom and dripping
umbrellas; but one incident, trivial in itself, left a permanent
record on his memory. During one of the brief pauses in the downpour,
he was walking with Dr. Gussy across Colonus towards the Lanchester
workshops, and, on the way, met three of the bigger boys who were
sauntering slowly in the opposite direction. There was something
about their gait and manner which, if not exactly insolent, at least
suggested a complete absence of anything like awe in the presence of
their headmaster. They gave a perfunctory salute; and, before they
passed out of earshot, a voice, which made no attempt to lower itself,

“Is that the new Gus?”

“Looks like it,” replied a second voice, in the same
devil-take-me-if-_I_-care tone, “unless it’s his shuvver.”

Mr. Flaggon, who with the principles of a democrat combined all the
instincts of a despot, lifted his eyebrows in surprise and his fingers
tightened unconsciously round the handle of his umbrella. But Dr. Gussy
appeared to be quite unconcerned and made no comment.

Under the depressing climatic conditions the hours passed rather
slowly. Dr. Gussy was courtesy itself, but he found it impossible to
be cordial or communicative to a man who was the last person he would
have chosen as his successor; and Mr. Flaggon felt it a relief when
Mrs. Gussy carried him off to inspect the house and talk fixtures.
Dr. Gussy had wisely left all the business arrangements in the hands
of his wife, a capable woman with all the capable woman’s contempt
for the supposed ignorance of a young man and a bachelor; and it soon
became evident that Mrs. Gussy intended to take full advantage of her
superior knowledge. With a happy mixture of adroitness and authority
she forced upon the incoming tenant the oldest carpets and the least
successful bits of furniture; and, with equal skill, she secured a
tacit permission to carry off some of the more desirable fixtures.

“We are taking the tiles with us to the Deanery,” she would say,
pointing to a fireplace; “but, of course, we shall leave you the
linoleum and that very useful deal cupboard. They were both made for
the room.”

Mr. Flaggon had no desire to haggle, but he had the Northerner’s
dislike of being done; and, before the round was over, he found
himself in revolt. Mrs. Gussy described him afterwards as “close”;
and Mr. Flaggon, in relating his experiences to his mother, said that
if Mrs. Gussy had been a little less autocratic, she would have made
an excellent saleswoman. The youngest Miss Gussy, a girl of seventeen
and the only other member of the family who was at home, did not put
in an appearance. She could not bring herself to shake hands with
the supplanter of her father, the “horrid man” who was going to live
in _their_ house and enjoy _their_ garden. If Mr. Flaggon had been an
angel from Heaven, she would have hated him with equal fervour. So she
withdrew for the day to the Pounderlys’ and contented herself with a
glimpse of “the man” from a window; which glimpse confirmed her in her
worst forebodings. Mrs. Chowdler, who had a talent for saying the wrong
thing, remarked that it would be “a very happy coincidence” if Mr.
Flaggon and Miss Gussy took a fancy to each other, as it would give a
continuity to life at Chiltern and make the impending change “so much
less felt.” With the object of promoting such a match she spoke warmly
to the youngest Miss Gussy of the new headmaster’s personal appearance,
and was dismayed at the violent outburst which her eulogy provoked.

In the evening, after dinner, Mr. Chowdler called by arrangement and
carried off his new chief, nominally to introduce him over a quiet
pipe to a few colleagues, but really to take his measure and begin the
training of which he was supposed to be in need.

Mr. Flaggon did not smoke, neither did he drink; but he was placed
in the easiest of the study chairs, next to the fireplace, and the
colleagues lit their pipes and arranged themselves in a semicircle
round the empty grate. There is always something singularly dispiriting
about an empty grate on a wet summer evening, and a semicircular
formation round it emphasises its forlornness. The colleagues were
conscious of a feeling of constraint. After all that they had been
saying and thinking about him in the past week, they were shy of being
over-cordial to their new chief, and some of them felt a little as
if they were taking part in a conspiracy, engineered by Chowdler, to
exploit the inexperience of the new man.

Mr. Flaggon, for his part, did not possess the easy manner and command
of small talk which put strangers at their ease. Though anxious
to be friendly, he was by nature reticent, one of those who, in
new surroundings, are more disposed to receive impressions than to
create them. So, after a little desultory talk about the golf links,
and several ineffective openings that led into blind alleys, the
conversation suddenly expired, and the colleagues found themselves
gazing desperately at three iron bars and some unhealthy-looking green
and yellow paper behind them.

This was the psychological moment for Mr. Chowdler. Hitherto he had
been busy pouring out whisky-and-sodas and struggling with a refractory
pipe; but he now sat down opposite the guest of the evening and opened
the main attack.

“I suppose,” he began, “that you have been hearing a good deal to-day
about our great headmaster Dr. Lanchester. Have you ever studied his

“I have indeed,” replied Mr. Flaggon; “in fact, it was one of the first
books that excited my interest in public school education. It might, no
doubt, have been better written; but it is, in its way, I think, one of
the most suggestive books in the English language.”

“Oh, I’m so glad to hear you say that!” cried Mr. Chowdler. “I’m so
glad to hear you say that; because you know, we cling very, _very_
faithfully here to our past and our great Conservative tradition.”

“Aren’t you forgetting,” said Mr. Flaggon quickly, “that Dr. Lanchester
was always considered a Radical?”

Mr. Chowdler _had_ forgotten; all Chiltern was in the habit of
forgetting this unpleasant fact. But he would not own to any lapse of
memory, and his voice took on a note of challenge as he replied:

“Oh, a name doesn’t frighten _me_; there’s nothing in a name; names
are only the coinage of the foolish. Lanchester was a man of very
Conservative instincts. He was not one of those who love change for
change’s sake. He was a restorer, not a destroyer.”

“It must be difficult to be the one without the other,” remarked Mr.
Flaggon quietly; “and I have always heard that Dr. Lanchester was both.”

Antipathies are often physical as well as moral, and the two men
suddenly became conscious of a kind of physical distaste for one
another. In Chowdler’s fleshy limbs, broad shoulders, bullet head, and
aggressive manner, Mr. Flaggon saw for the moment the personification
of that narrow but confident prejudice which blocks progress and
strangles reform; while Mr. Chowdler realised acutely that “the man
Flaggon” would easily get on his nerves. There was an awkward pause
which Mr. Beadle filled by remarking:

“You must have found it very interesting work tutoring a foreign

But Mr. Chowdler, though momentarily disconcerted, was not to be
diverted from his main purpose; and, before Mr. Flaggon could frame a
reply, he interposed again with:

“Talking of princes reminds me of something that happened to me a
little while ago.”

Mr. Chowdler had a large stock of anecdotes with which his colleagues
were painfully familiar, for he was never afraid of repeating himself.
In theory Mr. Chowdler scorned sentimentality and even sentiment, but
in practice his stories were nearly all of the sentimental order and
related how small boys had looked up at him wistfully, or old boys had
grasped his hand with manly tears in their eyes. And both wistful small
boys and manly old boys had nearly always contrived to say something
illuminating about the Lanchester tradition.

When once Mr. Chowdler was started, he passed from one story to another
without a halt. Mr. Flaggon was conscious that the anecdotes were being
related not _to_ him but _at_ him. However, he smiled when a smile
seemed to be expected, and looked impressed where it was obviously
the right thing to look impressed. But, when his host concluded the
fifteenth story with the remark, “And I think it’s such a splendid idea
that the old traditions are being planted, with the old flag, far away
over the water, in Saskatchewan,” he could not help saying:

“Don’t you think it would be better, perhaps, if the Colonies were
allowed to create their own traditions and their own ideals? If there
is to be development, there must be new forms; and I always hope that
the colonies will have something new to teach _us_ some day.”

Mr. Chowdler did not agree, and he said so in words which produced
another awkward pause; and Mr. Beadle once more came to the rescue by

“I suppose that they are very keen about education in Wales?” Which
showed that Mr. Beadle had been making a study of the new headmaster’s
previous history.

When the marble clock on the mantelpiece pointed to eleven, Mr. Flaggon
rose to go. A day with Dr. Gussy, and an evening spent in the company
of Mr. Chowdler, had induced an unusual feeling of weariness. He and
his host shook hands at parting with every outward appearance of
friendliness; but, as he walked home under the dripping trees to the
Prætorium, as Dr. Gussy’s house was called, he was conscious that,
amongst the many problems that he would have to face at Chiltern, Mr.
Chowdler would almost certainly be one of the most difficult.



The last fortnight of the Term was largely devoted to saying good-bye
to Dr. Gussy. It was traditional at Chiltern for a headmaster to be
received with curses and dismissed with blessings; and an unwritten
law required that, as his last Term drew to a close, words of ill-omen
should become few and fewer. During the last fortnight, even Mr.
Chowdler gave up speaking of “silly old Fussy” and substituted “poor
old Gussy,” or, more rarely, “_dear_ old Gussy.”

Dr. Gussy had never identified himself very closely with the life
of the school, nor allowed himself to become absorbed in its daily
happenings; his youngest daughter probably knew far more about the
inner life of Chiltern than he did, and could address by their
nicknames boys of whom her father had some difficulty in recalling the
surname. Outside interests had taken him frequently from Chiltern,
and the branch line (like all branch lines) made it easier to leave
Chiltern than to get back to it. He had often missed important matches,
his place had frequently been empty at Sunday chapels, and he had been
known to confuse the identity of important people. A current story,
of which there were many variations, made him address the senior fag
of Mr. Cox’s house as the junior master on the staff. But his rule
was mild and his nature unsuspicious; so he had always enjoyed a
fair measure of popularity, and, during his last fortnight, he was
positively worshipped.

Dr. Gussy himself was quite unconscious of any sins of omission. He was
fond of boasting that Chiltern was a school that “ran itself”; and,
as a proof of its good discipline and high moral tone, he would say,
proudly, “For the last seven years I haven’t had to expel a single
boy--not a single boy.”

This record greatly impressed anxious parents, and had attracted to
the school several sons of the titled plutocracy, whose sensitive
natures required considerate and tactful handling rather than the
rough and ready methods in vogue elsewhere. Dr. Gussy was proud of the
distinguished names that figured on his school lists, and never had
Chiltern been more popular or more prosperous than during the last
seven years of his reign.

Needless to say, the Doctor received an incredible number of presents.
It was like a second wedding. Each division of the school gave its
separate gift, and, at the earnest request of Mrs. Gussy, who valued
spontaneity above all things, the boys were left to make their own
choice without prompting from their elders. The Lower School gave a
Tantalus, big enough to blast the reputation of the most saintly Dean;
the Removes, a telescope of immense power, because, in Dr. Gussy’s
sermons, there were frequent allusions to the stars; the Fifths, an
invalid’s chair of elaborate mechanical cunning, and the Prefects a
complete set of engravings of Chiltern from its earliest days, of
which Dr. Gussy already had duplicates in a portifollo. Only the Old
Boys, instead of giving anything to Dr. Gussy personally, presented
his picture to the library (none might hang in the Great Hall save Dr.
Lanchester only), and, by a happy thought, entrusted the painting of it
to an Old Chilternian whom Nature had intended for a caricaturist, but
who had elected to win fame as a portrait-painter.

And to each division separately Dr. Gussy made one of the felicitous
little speeches for which he was famous. To the Lower School he said
that, whenever he saw that splendid Tantalus on his sideboard, for he
should give it the place of honour on his sideboard (those who knew
Mrs. Gussy best thought otherwise), he should remember the kind thought
of the givers and be with them again in the spirit. (Cheers, but no
laughter, the Lower School being in too solemn a mood to anticipate
a jest.) To the Removes he said that he would now be able, from his
peaceful Deanery, to watch the Removes, through his telescope, studying
their lessons with the zeal and enthusiasm for which they had always
been famous. (Laughter and applause.) To the Fifths he said that,
whenever he reclined in that luxurious chair--and he hoped that he
would have time and leisure at last to recline, occasionally, in an
easy-chair (suppressed amusement)--he should always think of the happy,
strenuous days which he had lived amongst them and for them; for they
had always been, and always would be, very near to his heart. (Emotion,
and a murmur at the back of “Good old Gussy.”) To the Prefects he said
that, whenever he looked at those beautiful and interesting prints--and
he should look at them daily, for they would be hanging on his walls
(cheers)--he would see the dear old place repeopled again with the
faces that he had now before him, and take courage in the thought of
the simple, manly, unostentatious, but whole-hearted devotion to duty
which had always been characteristic of the Prefects at Chiltern, and
which had given its high moral tone to the school that they loved so
well. (Prolonged sensation.)

But it is unnecessary to quote further. It is enough to say that
there was a general atmosphere of mutual good-will and esteem, in
which impositions were daily remitted (except by Mr. Black, who
lacked imagination), and everybody felt that he was an integral part
of a great institution, bound by ties of personal devotion to the
headmaster, and doing yeoman’s work.

One of the most successful functions of this epoch was the farewell
dinner, given by the junior masters in Common Room to their chief.
Though the masters at Chiltern lived in lodgings or in private houses
of their own, it was part of the Lanchester tradition that the
bachelors amongst them should dine together once a week in Common Room.
A spinster lady, distantly connected with the school, had bequeathed
funds for this purpose; and, though the cooking was not recherché
nor the conversation of much general interest, the weekly dinner was
valued as a picturesque ceremony in keeping with the atmosphere of the
place, and was hedged in with a rigorous etiquette. Thus, when any
member of the community succumbed to matrimony, he was expelled with
a quaint and time-honoured ritual. Some awkwardness had arisen when
Mr. Flyte, after being formally “inhibited” from “bread, beef, and
trencher,” was thrown over by his fiancée at the eleventh hour; for
the inhibition had always been regarded as final and irrevocable, and
there was no precedent to serve as a guide. Mr. Flyte, however, solved
the difficulty with great tact, by never applying for readmission as a
bachelor and allowing himself to be reckoned, for dining purposes, as
an honorary widower.

But, though the etiquette was formal and the Common Room dinner sacred
to bachelors, it was decided, unanimously, that a point might be
stretched in favour of a departing chief. Dr. Gussy was invited, and
Dr. Gussy accepted.

The preparations were on an unusual scale and were in the hands of
Mr. Rankin, who was good at that kind of thing and proud of his
_savoir faire_. An ice-pudding was ordered from Smith’s, the school
confectioner; the library attendant and the under ground-man, who
waited, were put into dress clothes for the occasion; and Mr. Grady’s
sister kindly arranged the flowers. Mr. Chase, the senior member and
president, provided a special brand of champagne from his private
cellars, and there were three savouries and no less than six liqueurs.
Dr. Gussy was placed at the head of the table, with Mr. Chase on his
right and the newest appointment to the school on his left. Dr. Gussy
was but little known personally to the younger members of his staff,
and his conduct had not always escaped criticism; for, when he had
been suffering much at the hands of Mr. Chowdler, he was in the habit,
to use a vulgar phrase, of “taking it out of” the juniors whom he
did not fear. But, on this occasion, he was not only courteous but
anecdotal and intimate. For the first time, Dr. Gussy and his junior
masters discovered each other; and the discovery only added to the pain
of separation. The party broke up at a late hour and everybody went
home murmuring “dear old Gussy”; except, of course, dear old Gussy
himself, who had been plied generously with the ice-pudding and the six
liqueurs, and who, after a restless night, woke up next morning with
something of a liver.

On the last night but two of Term there was another and a more
questionable display of feeling. At the witching hour of eleven P.M.
a considerable portion of the school (estimates of the exact numbers
varied) picturesquely clad in bed-clothes and pyjamas, and armed with
sackbuts, psalteries, dulcimers and all kinds of music, appeared
suddenly on the headmaster’s front lawn and proceeded to serenade
their chief with a topical song, of which the chorus ran as follows:

  “Young sir, do not answer at random,
  No boy should be seen on a tandem.”
  Oh, whatever we think of the Badger or Mink,[1]
  De Gussibus non disputandum.

A remnant of sanity kept the headmaster from appearing in person, but
his wife and the youngest Miss Gussy, who were not insensible to such
attentions, showed themselves at the open windows of the drawing-room
and were acclaimed uproariously--especially the youngest Miss Gussy.

It was felt, however, amongst the staff, that things were going a
little farther than was wise. Loyalty is all very well, but loyalty
should be tempered by discretion; and the housemasters came in for some
criticism on account of their supposed connivance. Even Mr. Plummer,
the most confirmed of optimists, had misgivings, and observed next day
in Common Room:

“It really does look as if some of the housemasters had been a
little slack; unless, of course, the whole thing has been very much

“It has, as you say,” replied Mr. Bent, “been very much exaggerated.
There were, in reality, no boys, no music, no song, no Miss Gussy. The
whole thing was a phantasm of the living, an allegory, an unsubstantial
pageant that fades and leaves not a wrack behind. I know it for a fact.”

“What do you mean?” asked Mr. Plummer.

“I have questioned each of the housemasters separately,” replied Mr.
Bent, “and each has assured me, in tones of the deepest conviction,
that his own Prefects can be trusted absolutely, and that it is,
moreover, physically and structurally impossible for any boy to
leave that particular house after dark without the knowledge of his
housemaster. Each has further informed me that, if only the other
housemasters would take the same simple and common-sense precautions,
such scenes as the one we are deploring to-day would be impossible.
Now, what do you say to that, Plummer? You are surely not such a cynic
as to doubt the word of a housemaster?”

Mr. Chowdler treated the matter in a more serious spirit. He
had watched the unexpected apotheosis of Dr. Gussy without
enthusiasm--“sentiment run mad” he called it--and the official
countenance given to the serenade by Mrs. and Miss Gussy filled him
with indignation. He felt that it was high time for somebody to speak
to the “silly old man.” When duty called, Mr. Chowdler was not the
man to shirk an unpleasant task, and his sense of duty was sharpened
by a strong personal dislike of Mrs. and the youngest Miss Gussy. He
therefore appeared in the headmaster’s study after lunch, wearing the
particular expression which Dr. Gussy had learned to associate with
some of the unpleasanter moments of his own life.

Now, Dr. Gussy had been as much surprised as anybody at the sudden
blaze of popularity of which he had been the centre; but, being naïve
and not addicted to self-analysis, he had thoroughly enjoyed it.
Moreover, the days of his bondage were almost accomplished, and he no
longer felt afraid of any man. So he did what he had not done for many
a long day, namely, snapped his fingers in Mr. Chowdler’s face, and
even told him not to be an old woman--at least, so Mrs. Gussy told her
friends, and a Dean’s wife must be supposed to speak the truth.

Mr. Chowdler gave a somewhat different version of the encounter, in
which the honours were made to rest with himself rather than with his
chief. But even he could not conceal the fact that he had received
a diplomatic rebuff. He relieved his feelings by calling together
his house Prefects and giving them one of his straight manly talks.
“Things,” he said, “are shaky--you would probably call them ‘dicky’;
but I shall call them shaky--and with anxious times ahead of us next
Term, we can’t afford to be playing ducks and drakes with our best
traditions; and, what with weakness at the top and giddy heads at the
bottom, that’s just what some folks are beginning to do. You know what
I am referring to--that ridiculous scene last night. I know what you
think about it. You and I understand each other, and we know where the
blame lies. We needn’t dot the i’s, but there are certain houses, not
a hundred miles from here, which would be better for a taste of our
friend Archie’s strong arm.” Here “our friend Archie,” who was head
of the eleven, fidgeted uncomfortably. “Now, I want you to remember,”
continued Mr. Chowdler impressively, “that your influence ought not
to end with the house. I want you to talk sense to giddy heads and
to strengthen feeble knees. I want you to set your candles on a hill
where the whole school can see them. I want you, when everybody else is
failing, to be the pillars and the props of our grand old Lanchester

The Prefects in Mr. Chowdler’s house were genuinely afraid of Mr.
Chowdler, though they had long learnt how to manage him. They now
looked portentously solemn, confessed that they _had_ heard rumours of
the impending “rag” beforehand, but had not taken them seriously, and
admitted that Mr. Cox’s house was not as good as it had once been. But
they were much too tactful and considerate to let out that, as holders
of the cricket trophy, they had themselves headed the procession in a

The upshot of it all was that people were just a little anxious as to
what might happen at the school concert on the last night of Term. Even
Dr. Gussy confessed privately that he would be glad when the concert
was over. For a great many Old Chilternians were expected for the
occasion, and, when Old Boys get together and become excited, they are
sometimes--not rowdy, of course, but, perhaps, a little boisterous;
and then the school catches the excitement and loses its sense of
proportion. Still, the boys at Chiltern were all gentlemen; and, if
you treat gentlemen _as_ gentlemen, they may be trusted to behave as
gentlemen. Everybody at Chiltern believed that, except, perhaps, Mr.
Bent, who was a cynic and believed nothing, and Mr. Grady, the science
master, whose face always had a hunted expression and who sometimes
came out of school with mice in his pockets and his hair full of flour.

However, in spite of forebodings, the concert was not much more noisy
than concerts usually were at Chiltern. Dr. Gussy was cheered to the
echo, and, though he had taken his official farewell of the school
only half an hour before, he was obliged to come on to the platform
and make another speech. Mrs. Gussy smiled her acknowledgments from
her place, and the youngest Miss Gussy was in tears. As for the
school song, it went with a roar that nearly lifted the roof off the
Great Hall. The song of Chiltern is not essentially different from
other school songs. Without ever lapsing into poetry, it maintains,
throughout, a fair rhythm and a high level of imbecility. Its opening
verse has served as a model to many imitations:

  John Buss was a farrier bold,
  And he turned his sweat into drops of gold;
  He fought hard battles, and when he died
  He left a school for his country’s pride,
  The best of schools, that has won renown
  From Chiltern chimes to the frontier town.

  _Chorus_: John Buss, John of Us,
            Played good cricket and made no fuss.

To realise the full possibilities of the song, you must go to Chiltern
and hear it sung: especially the chorus, where, after the trebles have
piped “John Buss,” the whole school joins in with “John of Us.” The
effect is electrical and intensely moving.

When the concert was over, the Old Chilternians played a game of
football in Colonus by moonlight, and afterwards paraded the town, arm
in arm, singing school songs. There were more than a hundred of them,
and they sang in different keys; so that the townspeople did not have
a very tranquil night.

And in the second week of the holidays, when everybody had gone
away and the whole place was in confusion, Mr. Flaggon came down
unexpectedly and insisted on making a more detailed inspection of the
school than had been possible during his first visit; much to the
annoyance of the porter, whose mind was not as clear on that day as he
could have wished, though his face was more solemn than ever. Amongst
the buildings visited was Mr. Cox’s old house, which was undergoing
extensive repairs for its new proprietor, Mr. Chase; and there, on
certain walls, Mr. Flaggon found writing which, though he did not
fully understand it, made him glad that he had accepted Mr. Cox’s



Mr. Flaggon had come to Chiltern with a determination to do great
things for education. He himself had had a hard struggle to win to
knowledge, and the phases of the struggle had left their mark deeply
imprinted on his character. Born with a thirst for knowledge, he had
had to force his way, step by step, to the fountain head; and the
narrow circumstances of a Cumberland vicarage had strewn the path
with difficulties. Old and musty books spelled out by candlelight
in his father’s study, then a scholarship at a decaying provincial
grammar school, and finally a classical exhibition at a small Oxford
College--such had been the stages by which he had made his way up the
stream. And, when he reviewed the past, he could not but remember how
brackish and unsatisfying the water had often been in the channels
where he had been compelled to seek it. If his thirst had been less
insatiable, his own experiences might well have cured him of the
desire to drink.

To a childhood spent among the Cumbrian Fells he owed a robust
constitution and a toughness of fibre that defied fatigue; perhaps,
too, a certain gravity and reticence which seem to come naturally to
those who are bred among mountains. Rather below middle height, with a
clear-cut face and an intellectual forehead, his most striking feature
was his eyes--fearless, grey, receptive eyes, which looked out upon the
world with a quiet but penetrating interest. A friend, who knew him
intimately, described them as seeing, rather than speaking, eyes.

Of public schools he knew nothing from the inside, and he had few
opportunities of studying public school men at his own small college.
In such as he came across he had noted a certain self-sufficiency and
polite lack of interest in things intellectual, which he put down
to the narrowness of their training. The circumstances of his own
upbringing had thrown him almost entirely among boys and men who had
to make their own way in the world, and who were desperately intent on
turning even half a talent to profitable use. Their aims might be low
and their ambitions sordid, but there was no trifling with opportunity,
no deliberate rejection of golden chances. He had had no practical
experience of that large and wealthy class of people who have been well
off for two generations and whose children are born with an assured
future--the people, in fact, who send their boys to the richer public
schools; and he had yet to learn how paralysing to the intellectual
life an assured future may be. In a word, he did not yet understand the
psychology of the horse who refuses to drink when taken to the water;
and, noticing that public school men were, as a class, unintellectual,
he assumed that their minds had been starved, and that their teachers
set no store by intellect.

The idea of standing for a headmastership had first been suggested
to him by an acquaintance whom chance had thrown in his way. After
securing his Fellowship, Mr. Flaggon had accepted a post as tutor to
a foreign prince, partly because the work was light and he needed a
holiday, and partly because the tutorship was a travelling one and
he was eager to see something of the world. Ten days of continuous
rain and snow on the Riffel Alp had thrown him much into the society
of the great man behind the scenes to whom allusion has already been
made. The great man was both an enthusiast for education and a firm
believer in ability; he even had the hardihood to maintain that ability
is of greater value than experience, and experiment more fruitful
of results than the accepted method of playing for safety. Being a
shrewd judge of men, he soon discerned, beneath the tutor’s quiet and
unsensational exterior, signs of exceptional power; and he did not lose
sight of him. The Welsh appointment was largely his doing, and, when
the headmastership of Chiltern fell vacant, it was he who wrote and
suggested that Mr. Flaggon should stand.

Mr. Flaggon himself had hardly regarded his candidature even as a
forlorn hope. It was intended rather as a _ballon d’essai_, a notice to
the scholastic world that he considered himself a possible headmaster,
and an opportunity of gauging how that world would regard his
claims. Chiltern, as we have seen, had no hesitation in branding his
pretensions as presumptuous; and Mr. Flaggon was quite aware that the
success of his audacious move, which had come as a surprise to himself,
had been more than a disappointment to his future colleagues.

But he was not dismayed by the difficulty of the task that lay before
him. His whole life had been spent in overcoming difficulties, and he
had the quiet confidence of a man who is sure of his own temper and
accustomed to succeed. As has been stated before, he brought with him
to his new work a great zeal for the cause of education; but he had
no cut-and-dried theories of reform, no patent nostrum of his own.
He knew what education _ought_ to be, what it had been to himself--an
individual renaissance, a quickening of the highest faculties of mind
and spirit; and he knew that that was precisely what public school
education was _not_. He was determined to study the problem on the
spot and to proceed tentatively. The machinery, as he saw it, was
antiquated, the bill of fare obsolete, the valley full of dry bones.
But the dry bones were only waiting for a revivifying spirit to become
clothed with flesh and to start into life again. In his mind’s eye he
saw the boys as hungry sheep who looked up and were not fed. He had not
yet become acquainted with that particular breed of sheep that is born
without an appetite.

But ever since his first flying visit to the school, Mr. Flaggon had
begun to realise that there were other problems behind the educational
one which would claim the attention of a headmaster. He had always
taken on trust the virtues that are considered inherent in the public
school system--loyalty, discipline, gentlemanly behaviour, and a
subordination of the individual will to the interests of the community.
In his undergraduate days he had often experienced an absurd sensation
of being considered morally, as well as socially, inferior to the more
fortunate alumni of the great public schools. Old Boys had talked to
him with flashing eyes and genuine conviction of the exceptional merits
of their own schools, and of the enhanced value which they gave to
life; and he had believed them. And what he believed of other schools
he had been taught to believe as pre-eminently true of Chiltern.
Chiltern was the only institution of its kind about which nobody had as
yet written a schoolboy story; but it ranked amongst the aristocracy of
public schools, and, in the eyes of Chilternians, even higher. And it
had special characteristics of its own. Somebody had said that Chiltern
turned out gentlemen rather than scholars; and somebody else, probably
an Old Chilternian, had added that you could always tell a Chiltern boy
from the way he behaved in a drawing-room. Wealthy manufacturers sent
their sons to Chiltern to acquire the easy manners and social polish
which seemed natural to the place; and to be an Old Chilternian was an
“open sesame” to any club that was not primarily intellectual.

Mr. Flaggon had expected, therefore, to find a somewhat low level of
mental attainments but a high standard of good breeding. But, ever
since his first visit, his mind had been haunted by the picture of
three vapid youths strolling past their headmaster with insolent
unconcern and the blasé voices saying:

“Is that the new Gus?”

“Looks like it--unless it’s his shuvver.”

And then there was the writing on certain walls in Mr. Cox’s house.

This unfavourable impression was confirmed as he watched the boys in
Chapel on the first Sunday of the Term. There was an air of insolence
and swagger about the way in which the bigger boys strolled in last
and lounged, instead of kneeling, during the prayers. Signs of
intelligence were frequent between block and block; and, even among
the smaller boys, there was often a kind of self-consciousness and
pose, which, though he could not quite analyse the cause, affected Mr.
Flaggon unpleasantly. He had often heard of the impressiveness of a
school-chapel service. There was certainly nothing impressive about the
service at Chiltern on the first Sunday of the Term, except, perhaps,
the singing of the hymns--and that was much more noisy than reverent.

Mr. Flaggon belonged to no definite party in the Church. A dislike
of labels and definitions, coupled with a strong desire to make the
Church inclusive rather than exclusive, had won him the easy hatred
of the dogmatists and the reputation of being unorthodox. His own
religious views had been deeply coloured by the life and example of
his father, a man of great but unrecognised power, who had cheerfully
sacrificed all personal ambition to work in an obscure Cumbrian parish.
At one period of his youth, his father’s attitude to life and cheerful
acceptance of a lot so far below his merits, had puzzled him; and he
had allowed himself to wonder whether such complete self-abnegation
was commendable or even right. But the extraordinary manifestations of
grief which that father’s death provoked in the whole neighbourhood had
taught him to judge the value of work by a different standard, and to
realise that the things of the spirit can never be adequately measured
in terms of the flesh. Henceforward, the life of duty, and faith in
the individual conscience, which had been the secret of the father’s
influence, became the ideals of the son, and, if he was attracted into
the field of education, it was largely because, to him, education in
its truest sense meant a lifting of the veil from the spirit. But as he
mounted the Chiltern pulpit to deliver his first sermon from the text
“The letter killeth, but the spirit maketh alive,” he felt conscious,
instinctively and with something of a chill, that the note he was
going to sound was not a note that would find an echo in the hearts of
his congregation. Here were no hungry sheep looking up to be fed, but
indifference, inertia, and an unknown something that was probably worse
than either and possibly the cause of both.

Mr. Flaggon was an interesting and a distinguished preacher; his worst
enemies admitted that. He had the gift of saying what he meant, the
happy phrase, and the inevitable word. But, if his manner could not but
create a favourable impression, his matter caused serious alarm amongst
the staff, and there was much shaking of heads afterwards in the great
quadrangle under the shadow of Dr. Lanchester’s statue.

“It’s not so much the sermon,” said Mr. Pounderly in his most
confidential tones; “it’s the text that frightens me. There were some
points in the sermon, but the text was full of innuendo.”

“Surely,” exclaimed Mr. Bent, “you are not going to hang a dog for his

“Pardon me!” said Mr. Pounderly, “I hang no man. But, unless my
judgment is strangely at fault, that text, considering the time and the
place, spells upheaval.”

“And the manner!” chimed in Mr. Beadle, “the assured, precocious
manner! The air of confidence and authority! I agree with Pounderly
that we are marked down for slaughter; it is the death-knell of the

And the two men walked off together shaking their heads.

Mr. Chowdler did not content himself with shaking his head afterwards
in the great quadrangle. He shook it frequently and emphatically
during the sermon, in order that everybody might know that he was in
complete disagreement with the preacher. And on him fell the unpleasant
duty, as he phrased it, of making a reply and restating the Lanchester
position, on the third Sunday of the Term.

For, needless to say, Mr. Chowdler was in orders. No mere laymen could
have combined such a capacity for quarrelling with so profound a
conviction of his own reasonableness and humility. In Mr. Chowdler’s
hands religion became a weapon to smite with. For choice, he smote
lies, cant, humbug, and Bible critics; but, occasionally, quite
innocent and respectable things found themselves floored by Mr.
Chowdler’s massive fist and trampled under his double-welted heel.
For, when Mr. Chowdler mounted the pulpit, necessity was laid upon him
to smite something or somebody. There were men, like Mr. Plummer, who
doubted whether there would be much scope in Heaven for Mr. Chowdler’s
type of religion; but, if they did not regard it as the highest form of
Christianity, they had to admit that it was manly, and therefore good
for the boys.

But, on this third Sunday of the Term, Mr. Chowdler was no ordinary
smiter; he was the incarnation of the Lanchester spirit repelling
a German invasion. And his text, “Hold fast to that which is good,”
was not delivered like an ordinary text; it was fired like a six-inch
shell full at the stall in which the headmaster was sitting. Mr. Bent
said, afterwards, that he fully expected to see Chowdler follow up the
discharge of the text by leaving the cover of the pulpit and attacking
with the bayonet. However, the preacher spoke daggers but used none.
Change? Yes, change was necessary, growth was necessary; but not change
in essentials and axioms, not change in the foundations. Hold fast to
the foundations, hold fast to that which is good! There was a tendency
in a restless, riotous age to imagine that, because a thing lasted,
because it was old and venerable, it was therefore obsolete. A fool’s
mistake! Why, granite lasts, gold lasts. Hold fast to the granite,
hold fast to the gold, hold fast to that which is good. Again, there
was a tendency in an age of feverish and futile activity to assail
whatever is venerable, whatever has withstood the destructiveness of
man and the storms of time. You tear up the mighty oak, and replace it
by what? Tares? Yes, too often by tares, or at best by some finnikin
exotic treelet, such as you may see in gaudy Eastern pots in decadent
drawing-rooms. Once more, hold fast to the mighty oak, hold fast to
that which is good! Fortunately, and God be praised for it, they had in
that place a great example by which to guide their endeavours--Abraham
Lanchester, their great headmaster, restorer not destroyer, whose
clear, sane intellect and genius, conservative in the best and noblest
meaning of the word, had left them an imperishable birthright and a
priceless heritage. Hold fast to a priceless heritage, hold fast to
a great tradition, hold fast to that which is good! And so on for
five-and-twenty minutes.

Mr. Flaggon was conscious that he was being preached at, and he knew
that the boys knew it; for they kept turning round continually to
see how he was taking it. Mrs. Chowdler, who watched him narrowly,
maintained that he had been profoundly impressed and “looked as if a
new light had suddenly dawned on him”; but the general opinion among
the boys was that he hadn’t “turned a hair” and that it was impossible
to be sure whether he had really understood what “Old Jowler” was
driving at.

It is reasonable to suppose that the sermon gave Mr. Flaggon food for
reflection; he certainly sat for some time afterwards in his study,
looking into the fire and apparently thinking. But, whatever his
thoughts may have been, he kept them to himself and said nothing.

Mr. Chowdler’s effort was much appreciated on the staff, even by
some who were more prone to criticise than to praise. Mr. Pounderly
pronounced it statesmanlike, and Mr. Black went so far as to say that
it was inspired. Mr. Bent’s was the only voice that called it “bosh,”
and he received a grave and well-deserved rebuke from Mr. Plummer for
his lack of reverence. It was confidently assumed by many that Mr.
Chowdler’s serious note of warning, voicing, as it did, the general
feeling of the staff, would give Mr. Flaggon pause and force him to
recognise facts. But their optimism was of short duration; for, within
a few days, a notice asking every master to send in a copy of his
weekly routine, made it clear to the most sanguine that the era of
change and experiment had begun.



It must be admitted that Mr. Flaggon was not uniformly lucky in his
early experiments. This was notably the case in his first appointment
to the staff. It has been already stated that he knew nothing of public
schools from the inside, and, in selecting a successor to Mr. Cox, he
may have been too exclusively influenced by the claims of intellect
and have taken too little account of other necessary qualifications.
Anyhow, he thought that the intellectual side of the staff needed
reinforcing, and having a choice between a double first and a double
blue, he appointed the double first.

Mr. Tipham brought with him from Cleopas College, Cambridge, two more
or less fixed ideas; first, that art consists in depicting disagreeable
things in a disagreeable way, and, secondly, that life in the twentieth
century is governed by two conflicting forces--convention, which is
always wrong, and Nature, which is always right. This theory had
carried him not only safely but brilliantly through his university
career. He had secured a first in both parts of the Tripos; he had
played a prominent part in the life of his own college and been quoted
outside it; he had worn strange clothes, founded a literary society in
which thought was made to perform queer antics in shackles of its own
imposing, and he had invented a new savoury. His slightly tilted nose
and full cheeks gave him an air of confidence which unfriendly critics
described as conceit, while the long brown hair, drawn back over the
temples and plastered down with fragrant oils, the orange tie and loose
green jacket, proclaimed that he was one of those for whom art is not
merely a hobby but an integral part of life. One glance at his face
would have informed any ordinarily shrewd observer that, in approaching
new problems and unfamiliar ground, Mr. Tipham would not suffer from
diffidence. The late Victorians might have called him untidy and even
unwashed; but at no period in English history would he have been
branded as modest.

It was inevitable that Mr. Tipham should fall foul of the Lanchester
tradition. He would have fallen foul of any tradition. But he chose to
defy it in most unnecessary and offensive ways. He smoked as he walked
down to school from his lodgings, he refused even a perfunctory homage
to the claims of age and seniority, and the scarf that he wore almost
permanently round his throat (for Mr. Tipham was an indoor man and
sensitive to cold and damp) was a combination of colours--the colours
of the Brainstorm Club--that shocked the moral sense of Chiltern by
its unblushing æstheticism. Mr. Chowdler took a violent dislike to him
at their first meeting, and missed no opportunity of trying to put him
down by heavy sarcasm. But Mr. Tipham was an unsatisfactory butt; and
when attacked he had a way of raising his eyebrows and inquiring “How
so?” in a bored and superior tone, which goaded Mr. Chowdler to frenzy.

It was, indeed, soon evident that, if the serious purpose of Mr.
Tipham’s life was to teach the boys, his recreation consisted in
shocking the masters. To all the things that they held sacred, the
very things that ought to have impressed him most, he applied the same
disparaging term, “mid-Victorian” or “bourgeois.” Even the weekly
dinner in Common Room, with its quaint ceremonial and unique endowment,
did not escape the damning epithet. Before a fortnight had elapsed,
everybody went about saying that that fellow Tipham was impossible.

Mr. Plummer, whose ideal (never, alas! to be realised in this world)
was a united staff, and who was also the last man to abandon any sinner
as irreclaimable, made a final and unsuccessful effort to bring about
a better understanding. He gave a bachelor dinner-party, to which he
invited a few of his own friends and the erring Mr. Tipham: for Mr.
Plummer had a touching belief that, if you can only bring mutually
antagonistic people together over a glass of wine, they will learn to
know and like each other.

Mr. Plummer occupied comfortable rooms in an old Georgian house that
fronted the High Street. Bit by bit, and with a rare tact that spared
natural susceptibilities, he had weeded out the furniture and pictures
of his landlady and replaced them with his own. His taste was eclectic
and eminently characteristic of pedagogic culture, and the inevitable
photographs of the Hermes of Olympia and the Acropolis found a place
of honour amongst the equally inevitable Arundels. His rooms were
considered the best rooms in Chiltern, and he was not infrequently
consulted by his colleagues on questions of art.

Mr. Tipham, for whose benefit Messrs. Bent, Rankin, Grady, and Chase
had been brought together in the Georgian house, began the evening
badly by arriving ten minutes late and in clothes which protested
with unnecessary vehemence against the narrowness of convention. At
Chiltern it was the custom, even at bachelor parties, for the guests to
wear dress clothes; but Mr. Tipham scorned custom. A flannel shirt of
that neutral tint which suggests either dirt or extreme age, a Norfolk
jacket which might well have belonged to a tramp, and a pair of grey
flannel trousers which the same tramp might conceivably have rejected,
completed his festive attire, the only note of colour being provided
by the bright orange tie which flamed beneath an unshaven chin. As Mr.
Rankin said afterwards, he suggested a man who has snatched up some
clothes hurriedly to run to the bathroom, rather than a guest at a

But Mr. Tipham was quite unconscious of the sudden drop in the
temperature which followed his entry. He shot a rapid and critical
glance round the room, and, walking straight up to a small pastel
drawing of a youth’s head that hung on one of the walls, he tapped the
glass lightly with his forefinger and inquired:

“Where did you get that?”

“That?” replied Mr. Plummer; “oh, I picked that up at Chartres for a
few francs; but I don’t know that I care very much for it.”

“It’s the best thing in the room,” said Mr. Tipham quietly; “looks as
if it might possibly be an early Creusot.”

Nobody but Mr. Tipham had ever beard of Creusot; so the remark was
not taken up, and the party moved into the dining-room in depressed
silence. At dinner it soon became apparent that Mr. Tipham was out
to give instruction on other matters than art. The conversation had
drifted, as conversation often did at Chiltern, on to the subject
of boys. Mr. Grady had complained of their carelessness in handling
chemicals, which resulted in frequent explosions, and their incapacity
for anything like patient or systematic research; and Mr. Chase had
pointed out the superiority of the Classics in this respect, in that
they compelled a boy to think and left no room for experiment. “You’re
both right and both wrong,” said Mr. Tipham with easy assurance.
“Chemistry can be made very interesting and the Classics very dull, and
_vice versâ_. The truth is that, if you want to keep boys interested,
you must make things lively. _I_ always chip in for part of the time
with something quite off the lesson. To-day I gave them a little
lecture on Green Chartreuse.”

Mr. Plummer, who had long been struggling with a desire to snub
tempered by a sense of his duties as a host, now cleared his throat and
said, not without an effort:

“I suppose you had a good deal of experience before you came here?”

“No,” replied Mr. Tipham tartly; “but I happen to have been a boy

And again the temperature fell by several degrees.

Mr. Bent had so far held himself in reserve, profoundly annoyed yet
watching with a certain cynical enjoyment the growing irritation of
his colleagues and their inability to clothe it in appropriate words.
But when, shortly afterwards, Mr. Tipham laid it down as an axiom that
“Dorian Grey” was the greatest work of art that the human intellect has
ever produced, he saw his opportunity and began in his best ironic vein.

“Its refreshing to hear you say that; so few people ever venture,
nowadays, to express old-fashioned opinions; and the Victorians seldom
get justice done to them by the rising generation. I don’t know that I
agree with you on this particular point, but I am delighted to claim
you as a Victorian.”

If there was one thing which Mr. Tipham disliked more than another it
was to be identified in any way with the Victorians; so he raised his
eyebrows and said coldly, “How so?”

If Mr. Bent had been wise he would have left well alone; as it was, he
went on to embroider the theme a little recklessly. “If one wants to be
in the swim nowadays,” he said, “one has to go into ecstasies over de
Barsac or Roger Filkison. You read Roger Filkison, of course?”

Mr. Tipham admitted, with some reluctance, that he did not.

“Oh, he’s the man, you know,” continued Mr. Bent, “who writes the
testimonials for the liver and kidney pills--the neo-realism they call
it; very clever and morbid. I don’t like it myself, but I know several
Cambridge men who think it the most poignant literature since Verlaine.”

As Messrs. Rankin and Grady were both Cambridge men, the pleasantry
fell flat, and there was an awkward silence, till Mr. Tipham, lifting
his eyebrows again, said in his most condescending manner:

“Ought one to be amused?”

And, though Mr. Bent tried to look unconcerned, everybody realised
that he had been rapped rather smartly over the knuckles. After this
unfortunate incident there was a general feeling of constraint, which
lasted through the rest of dinner. But when Mr. Chase had withdrawn to
read prayers to his house, and cigars had been lit in the sitting-room,
Mr. Tipham unbent once more and became enthusiastic over the merits
of the post-impressionists--the dazzling designs of Van Googlen, the
superb greens of le Beaupère, and the masterly way in which Grummer
painted flesh with one stroke of a glue-brush.

“I don’t count him amongst the greatest masters,” said Mr. Bent, who
had recovered his equanimity, “because he can’t paint pimples.”

“Perhaps,” replied Mr. Tipham loftily, “you have never seen his ‘Lepers

“No, I haven’t,” said Mr. Bent warmly, “and I can’t say that I want to.”

“But, in that case,” remarked Mr. Tipham, “you are hardly in a position
to judge, are you?”

Soon after ten, Messrs. Bent, Rankin, and Grady rose to go. Their host
escorted them to the door with rather a wan look, for Mr. Tipham,
instead of following their example, had just lit a fresh cigarette and
dropped into the easy-chair vacated by Mr. Bent.

“Conceited idiot!” said Mr. Bent, when the three men were in the street.

“He has a lot to learn about boys,” added Mr. Grady, with a shake of
his head.

“Wants a good scrubbing with soap and water, inside and out,” growled
Mr. Rankin. “But,” he added, afterwards, privately to Mr. Grady, “old
Bent didn’t get much change out of him.”

As for Mr. Tipham, he continued to smoke cigarettes and instruct his
host in the first principles of art till well after midnight.

Among the boys Mr. Tipham was generally regarded as a freak, and his
nickname, “The Super-tramp,” could hardly be regarded as flattering.
But he had his disciples. Mind at Chiltern was held in little esteem,
and, where it existed, uncongenial surroundings were apt to turn it
sour. There were generally a few boys in the highest forms (for the
most part boys of inferior physique and precocious interests) who were
always in a state of latent revolt against a system which left them out
of account. They repaid contempt with scorn, and the scorn was all the
bitterer because it seldom dared to express itself in words and had to
ferment inwardly.

To such boys Mr. Tipham appealed as a breath from a wider world and
a champion of intellectual liberty. At the little dinners in his
lodgings, at which a wine, which had the alluring title of a _petit vin
blanc_, was followed by liqueurs, tongues were unloosed, and thought,
if it was not always particularly clear, was at least delightfully
audacious; and the crudest speculation passed for philosophy. Acting on
a suggestion from their master, three of the disciples determined to
found a school magazine in which Truth should at last find a voice. It
must be admitted that the first and only number of “Veritas” which saw
the light, though not deficient in schoolboy humour, was unnecessarily
personal and occasionally lacking in good taste. It contained obvious
allusions to the headmaster, Mr. Grady, and many other members of the
staff; but the most regrettable item of all was an imaginary interview,
in which, under the transparent pseudonym of “Howler,” Mr. Chowdler was
held up to ridicule and contempt.

“Veritas” achieved a sensational but all too brief success. It sold
like hot potatoes; but, within six hours of its publication, Mr.
Chowdler appeared in the headmaster’s study with thunder on his brow
and a copy of the offensive journal in his hand. The venture had been
anonymous; but the secret, like most school secrets, had been badly
kept, and both the names of the editors and the complicity of Mr.
Tipham were matters of common knowledge. Mr. Chowdler demanded that the
editors should be made to apologise publicly before the whole school.
As for what happened to Mr. Tipham, he did not care, for Mr. Tipham was
beneath contempt; but the obvious course was probably the right one.
In pressing his demand Mr. Chowdler was careful to explain that he was
actuated by no desire for personal revenge; he was thinking only of
discipline. At all costs discipline and the decencies of life must be

Mr. Flaggon was much annoyed by the whole occurrence. He had himself
suggested to Mr. Tipham, when appointing him, the idea of stimulating
the boys to literary activity; but, needless to say, he had not
intended the literary activity to take the form of a lampoon on Mr.
Chowdler. However, he deprecated extreme measures and endeavoured to
soothe the victim’s ruffled feelings. The unsold copies of “Veritas”
were confiscated, and its further publication suppressed. Mr. Tipham,
to borrow an expressive French phrase, “had his head washed,” and
the editors offered a full but private apology to Mr. Chowdler. But
Mr. Chowdler was not satisfied. He maintained that “the empty one”
had behaved weakly to the boys and disloyally to himself. “A paltry
revenge,” he said, “for my sermon.” Opinion on the staff was divided.
Mr. Chase and the moderates thought that, on the whole, justice had
been done. Mr. Pounderly and the irreconcilables considered that “poor
Chowdler” had been sacrificed. Nearly everybody was agreed that the
headmaster was largely to blame; for he and he alone was responsible
for appointing a man like Tipham--“the Flaggonette,” as he was
facetiously called. Mrs. Chowdler was quite bewildered.

“I cannot understand,” she said, “how anyone can be so wicked and
spiteful as to write such things about Harry, for everybody knows that
my husband has gone out of his way to be kind and helpful to Mr.
Tipham, as indeed he always does to all the new masters. And surely
the headmaster must see that, by not supporting Harry and properly
punishing the offenders, he will weaken his own position and make
himself very unpopular; for the boys worship Harry.”



As Mr. Flaggon passed, one October afternoon, through the green door
at the end of his garden, which led into Colonus, the air was full
of voices that rose alternately to a frenzied shriek or dropped to a
kind of monotonous chant. For the first round of house-matches was in
progress and reputations were being lost and won.

Chiltern prided itself on being different from other schools, and
Chiltern had a game of football peculiar to itself. It was a more manly
game than any other code, and developed higher moral qualities in those
who played it. As Mr. Chowdler said, no shirker, no humbug, could hope
to win laurels at the Chiltern game.

When Mr. Chowdler’s house was competing for laurels, Mr. Chowdler
himself walked excitedly up and down the touch-line with a flushed face
and protruding eyes, shouting, in a voice that dominated all others,
instructions to his boys, such as, “Pass, Percy, pass! Feet, feet,
Gerald! Shoot, Basil, shoot, can’t you! Stick to it! Good lads all!
Well _played_, Harry! Well played, sir!” For Mr. Chowdler always spoke
to, and of, his boys by their Christian names. As a sort of tribal god,
inspiring his children to deeds of valour, Mr. Chowdler was invaluable;
but as a coach he had his limitations. For he had been brought up on
the Rugby game and was never accepted as an authority on Chiltern
football. Consequently his instructions were invariably ignored by the
players. But he continued to shout them in perfect good faith, and they
were regarded as an inevitable, if irrelevant, feature of the game.

Mr. Chowdler was in a good temper, for his house was winning easily,
and Mr. Chowdler liked to win easily. An enthusiast for all forms of
manly sport, he belonged to that particular brand of good sportsmen
who find it easier to be chivalrous to a vanquished foe than fair to
a victorious one. Accordingly, on the comparatively rare occasions on
which his house was beaten, Mr. Chowdler always suspected the referee
of partiality and his opponents of rough play; and, being an outspoken
man, he did not keep his suspicions to himself. His own boys, less
sensitive perhaps on the point of honour than their housemaster,
sometimes regretted these outbursts, which did not add to the
popularity of the house.

But on the present occasion all was going well and Mr. Chowdler’s
temper was unruffled. The Chaseites (late Coxites) were only serving as
a “sullen ground” to show off the “bright metal” of their adversaries.
So when he caught sight of Mr. Flaggon approaching, he left his post of
observation on the touch-line and went to meet him.

He was, indeed, feeling unusually well-disposed towards the new
headmaster, for there had been a momentary rapprochement between the
two men. Two days before, Mr. Chowdler had detected a boy in his Form
cribbing--an offence about which he felt very strongly--and, acting on
his advice, Mr. Flaggon had flogged the culprit; thus reverting to an
old tradition which in the last seven years of Dr. Gussy’s reign had
become obsolete. With a clear lead of two goals his “lads” could safely
be left to their own devices for a few minutes, and it would be good
for the new man to see the Chiltern game played in the true Chiltern
spirit and interpreted by one who was able to explain its ethical
value. For, after all, there _might_ be possibilities in the “empty
one,” and, rightly handled, he seemed not incapable of being taught.

Mr. Chase apparently thought so too. He was watching the defeat of his
house with gloomy stoicism from the opposite side of the ground--a
chivalrous Chowdler was always a little overwhelming--and, catching
sight of the two men in earnest conversation, he nudged Mr. Bent, who
was standing beside him, and whispered:

“See that? Chowdler’s taking him in hand; same as poor old Gussy.
Shouldn’t wonder if some of our friends haven’t been frightened with
false fire after all.”

“H’m,” replied Mr. Bent. “Appearances are often deceptive. Wait and
see. Flaggon’s a dark horse, and there’ll be surprises yet.”

And the first of the surprises came about a week later at a
housemasters’ meeting. The meeting had been convened, nominally, for
the purpose of discussing the scale of tradesmen’s charges, which Mr.
Flaggon thought excessive; but, at the close of it, he said in the most
matter-of-fact way:

“As we are here, I should like to say a few words on another subject. I
intend, in the more or less near future, to introduce certain changes
into our curriculum with a view to making our teaching more effective.
I don’t know exactly yet what form those changes will take; but I have
two things in my mind. In the first place, I find that our standard of
scholarship is surprisingly low. I notice that last year we did not get
a single scholarship of any importance at either university.”

“We have always discouraged pot-hunting here,” interrupted Mr.
Pounderly. “We have aimed at knowledge--not prizes.”

“I know,” said Mr. Flaggon; “but it is the level of knowledge that
I find so low here; much lower, for example, than it is in several
other schools at which I have examined. And, in the second place, I am
convinced that the average boy here (I am not speaking of the scholar)
is not getting quite the kind of education which is best suited to his

Mr. Flaggon paused, and if a pin had fallen it would have been
distinctly audible, so tense was the silence. The challenge had been
thrown down, but everybody waited for a moment to feel the edge of his
weapon before rushing into the fray.

“I intend to do nothing rashly,” continued Mr. Flaggon. “I wish the
whole subject to be discussed thoroughly before we decide on anything
final, so that every point of view may find its expression. And for
that reason I think it would be interesting, and perhaps helpful, if we
could obtain the views of at least some of our parents on the subject.”

There was a gasp; and Mr. Beadle, the authority on Plautus, rapped out:

“The parents have already expressed their views by sending their sons
to Chiltern.”

“Not exactly,” said the headmaster. “It all depends on what
alternatives they had.”

“Surely,” pleaded Mr. Pounderly, “surely, to call in the parents would
be like calling in the patient to advise the specialist.”

“I don’t think so,” said Mr. Flaggon. “The truer analogy would be
to say that we are like the specialist who consults the patient’s
relatives about the patient’s symptoms. And the relatives are often
able to give very helpful information to the specialist.”

“Do I understand you to propose,” said Mr. Chowdler in a voice of
concentrated irony, “that we should call in their uncles and cousins
and aunts and make a regular symposium of it?”

Mr. Flaggon winced, but he kept his temper.

“I don’t think,” he said, “that in this case there would be any
practical advantage in going beyond the parents. What I wanted to say
was, that I shall be very grateful if housemasters will let me have
the names and addresses of any representative parents who are likely
to be interested in such a proposal. I thought perhaps that we might
arrange to meet them, quite informally, some time in November or at the
beginning of December.”

“What exactly do you mean by a representative parent?” asked Mr. Flyte,
with the air of a man who is putting a poser.

“I must really leave that to the discretion of housemasters,” replied
Mr. Flaggon, with a smile.

News of the impending parents’ committee ran through the staff like
fire through gorse, and soon all Chiltern was ablaze. Some called it
the thin edge of the wedge; others, the cloven hoof. The Liberals
(for there were a few Liberals even at Chiltern) said that Flaggon
was setting up a second Chamber to override the decisions of Masters’
Meetings; the Conservatives, that he was appealing to Demos. All agreed
that the innovation was a blow to the prestige of the masters and an
infringement of their ancient rights. Even Mr. Plummer felt and spoke
strongly, and he imparted his fears to Mr. Bent, as they were taking
the hill walk, commonly known as the “Ushers’ Grind,” one sunny autumn

The friendship of Mr. Bent and Mr. Plummer was founded on a complete
dissimilarity of tastes. It is true that they shared a dislike of golf
and motors, but in all other respects they were in hearty disagreement.
Mr. Plummer’s faith in man goaded Mr. Bent almost into violence, and
Mr. Bent’s distrust of human nature in general, and middle-class human
nature in particular, filled Mr. Plummer with righteous indignation.
At the end of every walk the nerves of each were raw and tingling;
but they never failed to walk together twice or even thrice in the
course of every week. The particular form of quarrelling in which they
indulged had grown upon them like a drug habit, and neither could do
without it for long.

A stranger who knew them by reputation but not by sight would
inevitably have mistaken each for the other. Mr. Plummer, tall and
thin, with a hooked nose, hollow cheeks, and sallow complexion, looked
the embodiment of pessimism; while Mr. Bent, short, stout, with round
eyes and a florid face, ought to have been a born optimist. Mr. Rankin
used to say that Providence had designed the character of the one for
the person of the other, that a malicious fairy had negotiated an
exchange, and that they sought each others company because, apart, they
were both conscious of being incomplete.

But on this occasion, as we have said, Mr. Plummer was inclined to be

“I don’t like this idea,” he said, “of calling in an outside opinion.
If the parents once get it into their heads that they are able to
dictate, there will be an end of systematic teaching.”

“My good Plummer,” replied Mr. Bent, “there cannot possibly be an end,
because there has never been a beginning. Systematic teaching indeed!
Why, a boy told me the other day that he had been doing the same
French book ever since he came to the school two years ago; and it is
notorious that Cox set one and the same Latin prose every Term to his
Form, and never looked it over.”

“I was not thinking of organisation,” said Mr. Plummer, “I was speaking
of principles; and I repeat, if the parents are allowed to dictate
the lines on which education is to proceed, there will be an end of
systematic teaching.”

“They will not dictate,” said Mr. Bent; “they have no manuscript to
dictate from. Their theories on education are purely negative--I
say, steady up the hill! The only thing they insist on is that their
offspring should not be taught to think or know. Thought and knowledge
are dangerous to the existing social order and must be smothered young,
like the Princes in the Tower. Provided that they _are_ smothered, the
parents don’t care a rap what sort of pillow is used.”

“Thought,” said Mr. Plummer, “hardly exists outside the middle classes.”

“Knowledge,” retorted Mr. Bent, “only begins where middle-classdom
ends. The art of being middle class consists in shutting yourself up
in a detached house and only recognising the people who come in at the
front door. Knowledge leads to the back door and the streets, and is
therefore fatal to the art; and knowledge is the goal of education.”

“If parents didn’t believe in education,” said Mr. Plummer, “they
wouldn’t send their boys here.”

“The English middle classes,” said Mr. Bent, “never have believed in
education. The Scotch did once, till they discovered the superior
merits of football; but the English never. And they send their sons
here to be inoculated against it--I say, _do_ go a bit slower. For
choice they put them with Chowdler, who returns them, in a few years,
finished specimens of Philistinism, with orthodox views on Bible
criticism and the off-theory, and a complete lack of interest in
anything that really matters.”

“I don’t at all agree with you,” said Mr. Plummer; “but, if the parents
are such hopeless idiots as you describe them, why do you want to
consult them?”

“I don’t,” replied Mr. Bent. “But, if they are such angels of light as
you imagine them, why do you object to asking for their advice?”

“You are paradoxical,” snapped Mr. Plummer.

“And you are illogical,” panted Mr. Bent.



While Mr. Chowdler was lamenting that discipline was going to the dogs,
the boys were beginning to complain that liberty was being destroyed.
Some of them went so far as to maintain that Chiltern was becoming a
regular preparatory school. For not only were motor-bicycles forbidden
(they had always been _that_), but it was becoming positively dangerous
to ride them. Moreover, detection entailed consequences. In the palmy
days of Dr. Gussy it had been the ambition of every boy, caught in a
misdemeanour, to be reported to the headmaster; and the appeal from
summary justice to Cæsar had been one of the most cherished privileges
of Chiltern whilst Dr. Gussy was Cæsar. For Dr. Gussy believed in
talking--earnest, practical, confidential talking. As the boys said,
“Gus treated you like a gentleman”; whereas Flaggon--there was no
pleasure, nothing morally bracing, about an interview with Flaggon.

And other offences besides motor-biking were being detected with
alarming frequency. Masters, who had hitherto been regarded as quite
inoffensive, seemed to take a pleasure in appearing where they were
least expected. The truth is that, having less belief in Dr. Gussy’s
talks than Dr. Gussy himself, they had got into the habit of purposely
avoiding knowledge which they knew would lead to no result; but,
finding that Mr. Flaggon was prepared to act as well as talk, they
resumed their normal activities.

No inconsiderable factor in the growing absence of security was the
disappearance of “Whisky Toddler,” the college porter. When he paid
his surprise visit to Chiltern in the holidays, Mr. Flaggon had been
conscious of a subtle aroma about the place, which ceased suddenly
when he took leave of the porter; and the suddenness of the change had
set him wondering whether the extreme solemnity of Mr. Todd was due
solely to wisdom or was partly induced by alcohol. The wonder did not
diminish on closer acquaintance, and an unexpected visit to the Lodge,
one evening, settled all doubts. Mr. Todd was found in a state of
hilarious incoherence. It was, of course, an accident--a toothache, and
an old-fashioned remedy, recommended by a friend, which had produced
unforeseen results in one unused to spirituous liquors. Mr. Todd
refused with quiet dignity to purchase the chance of reinstatement by
taking the pledge and spending a month in a home for inebriates. He
preferred to retire, at once, on a quarter’s salary and a small pension.

The boys, of course, had always known that “Whisky Toddler” drank like
a fish; but opinion on the staff was acutely divided. There is no
question that has so many sides to it as drink, nor one about which it
is so hard to arrive at any convincing conclusion. The very fact that
Mr. Todd’s nose was red and his eyes were watery was, to some, a proof
of his innocence. For people are sure to say that a man with a red nose
and watery eyes drinks; whereas anyone _may_ have a red nose and weak
eyes without drinking, and it is horribly unfair that a man should be
treated as a moral leper because of some physical infirmity. There were
many, therefore, besides Mr. Plummer who believed, and still believe,
that poor Todd was “hardly treated”; and poor Todd said nothing to
discourage their belief.

His place was taken by a man of unprepossessing manners and abrupt
activity--Pigeon was his name. There was a certain mystery about his
past. Some said that he had once been a spy in the pay of the Russian
police; others, that he had been a proctor’s bulldog at Oxford; others,
that he had been a Scotland Yard detective. At all events, there could
be no doubt that it was as a detective that he was brought by the “New
Gus” to Chiltern. A porter is assumed to possess tact; but Pigeon had
none--no gift of shutting his eyes on occasions when eyes are better
shut. And so it came to pass that he discovered Mr. Chowdler’s Prætor
smoking among the rhododendrons in Colonus, and reported him to the

At Chiltern the captain of every house was called its “Prætor” and
wielded vast authority. In a post for which character was the prime
consideration, position in the school was only of secondary importance.
Hence it happened that, though le Willow had with difficulty fought
his way into the senior Fifth, he was Prætor of Mr. Chowdler’s house.
But, though not distinguished intellectually, he was captain designate
of the eleven for the succeeding year, a very fair change bowler, and
a bat with a most taking style. He enjoyed the entire confidence of
his housemaster and the respect of his fellows. It was regrettable,
therefore, from every point of view, that he should have been smoking
behind the rhododendrons in Colonus; and still more regrettable that,
having been smoking, he should have been discovered.

Enough has been said already of Mr. Chowdler to make it clear that he
was adamantine on the question of discipline. But it was a matter of
common observation amongst his colleagues that his attitude towards
offences underwent a considerable change when the offender was one
of his own boys. This is a species of infirmity to which parents and
housemasters are peculiarly liable. In Mr. Chowdler’s case it took
the form of a conviction that, though “his lads” might be technically
in the wrong, they were morally quite sound; and he always held that
punishment ought to take account of the character of the offender. He
was really pained by le Willow’s “thoughtlessness”; but there were
extenuating circumstances. The boy was encouraged to smoke at home, and
he had one of those muddled old heads that find it so difficult to draw
the distinction between home and school; especially when the home is a
good one. The poor old fellow had admitted to him (Chowdler), with a
shake of his poor old head and a look in his poor old eyes which was
really pathetic, that he knew he was a “blighted ass.” He was, in fact,
just the kind of boy for whom justice should be tempered with mercy.

All this, and more, Mr. Chowdler said to the headmaster on behalf of
his Prætor, and he was profoundly shocked when Mr. Flaggon, after
listening attentively to the counsel for the defence, announced that he
was going to deprive le Willow of his Prætorship and Prefectship, not
merely temporarily, but for the term of his natural life. “I fail to
see where the mercy comes in,” growled Mr. Chowdler.

“Perhaps in my not flogging him into the bargain,” replied Mr. Flaggon.
“But, really, I don’t consider this a case for mercy. The boy is in a
position of trust. Five days ago I called the Prefects together and
spoke to them about their duties, especially the duty of setting a
good example: and I mentioned smoking by name. All the circumstances
aggravate the offence. I have no right to be merciful.”

“But probably he didn’t understand,” pleaded Mr. Chowdler. “You don’t
know what a business it is to drive any idea into that poor, thick old
head of his. The boy’s as honest as the daylight, but terribly obtuse.”

“If he can’t understand a plain speech and a plain duty,” replied Mr.
Flaggon, “he is certainly not fit to exercise power.”

“You can’t prevent a boy with such athletic gifts and such a sunny
nature from exercising power by any official ukase,” said Mr.
Chowdler, with increasing warmth. “If you destroy his self-respect by
a punishment which he feels to be unjust, you take away from him all
motives for doing right; you drive him into evil courses.”

“I intend my Prefects to govern,” replied Mr. Flaggon; “and you can
never get men or boys to act responsibly unless you visit grave
breaches of duty on them heavily. I am sorry for le Willow, if he is
all that you describe him; but I cannot alter my decision.”

“You admit then,” snapped out Mr. Chowdler, “that you are sacrificing
the boy to an abstract theory.”

“I admit nothing of the kind,” said Mr. Flaggon.

A good many of the masters, who did not share Mr. Chowdler’s enthusiasm
for le Willow, approved of the headmaster’s action; and, though they
did not say so publicly, were not sorry to see Mr. Chowdler’s straying
sheep treated for once in a way like other people’s straying sheep. But
Mr. Chowdler himself made no attempt to conceal his displeasure either
from masters or boys.

“I don’t call that kind of thing discipline,” he said; “I call it
panic. A strong man doesn’t hit about wildly without caring where the
blow falls. With all his faults, dear old Gussy was never unjust. Le
Willow’s too good an old fellow at bottom to be soured for long or lose
his sunny nature. But that’s how criminals are made.”

Mr. Chowdler’s views received a striking corroboration, at least in
his own eyes, when, three weeks later, le Willow was caught cribbing.
It is true that Mr. Bent, his Form master, had suspected him for the
greater part of two terms; but, as Mr. Plummer said, suspicion proves
nothing. In the midst of his grief Mr. Chowdler was almost triumphant.

“What did I tell you?” he exclaimed. “You can see now for yourselves.
That’s how boys are driven into evil courses.”

But the headmaster, instead of recognising the folly of his ways and
apologising to Mr. Chowdler and his ex-prætor, decided that, after this
second offence, the boy could not remain in the school and must leave
at the end of the Term.

Dismiss the captain of next year’s eleven, a bat with the most taking
style that had been seen at Chiltern since the days of Goring who
played for England, and a very fair change bowler into the bargain!
All Chiltern was aghast, and even Mr. Chase, who usually had something
to say on behalf of the headmaster, admitted that it was an act of
doubtful wisdom.

To Mr. Chowdler it was not merely an act of doubtful wisdom, it was
a travesty of justice, an outrage, a scandal--in fact almost any
strong word that you can think of. When a man thinks as strongly as
Mr. Chowdler thought about some gross miscarriage of justice, it is
impossible for him to keep his feelings to himself; he would rather
be guilty of indiscretion than of a criminal silence; and soon boys,
masters, and the parents and relatives of the victim, were in full
possession of Mr. Chowdler’s opinions on the subject.

Le Willow was well connected; in fact, as Mrs. Chowdler put it, he had
a grandfather; and the grandfather wrote a letter to the chairman of
the Council which caused that gentleman much concern. He wanted to know
why the dickens they had appointed to Chiltern a headmaster who didn’t
know the ABC of his profession. Expel from school a promising lad for
a boyish offence of which they had all been guilty, probably, in their
day! The thing was absurd. Boys and masters alike were in a state of
mutiny; and he called upon the chairman to intervene.

The chairman was perplexed; for the grandfather was no ordinary
grandfather but a man with a commanding name and a great social
position. After some hesitation he wrote to the headmaster, disclaiming
any idea of interfering, but asking for information. He wished, he
said, to be in a position to contradict certain reports, unfounded no
doubt, which were being circulated in the London clubs and which might
damage the school.

Thus appealed to, Mr. Flaggon wrote a detailed account of the affair
and of the principles which had guided his own action. He added that
the tone and discipline of Chiltern were very different from what he
had been led to expect, and that le Willow, besides being somewhat old
for his place in the school, was not a desirable asset.

The chairman shook his head dubiously over this communication and
murmured something about “new brooms” and “excess of zeal”; but he
informed the grandfather with much tact that, though the Council felt
great sympathy with him, they were unable to interfere in a matter that
directly concerned the discipline of the school, and that any appeal
for mercy must be made to the headmaster in person. As for le Willow,
he was sure that the boy had a brilliant future in front of him, and he
wished him every success.

And there the matter ended, except that the le Willow parents cursed
Mr. Flaggon by all the le Willow gods and threatened to bring an
action; which threat they were wise enough not to carry into effect.
Also that Lord Chalvey withdrew his son who was entered for Mr.
Chowdler’s house in the following Term. This was a contingency which
Mr. Chowdler had not foreseen when he started on his campaign, and it
did not help to reconcile him to the headmaster.

And, while the chairman was actually penning his reply to the duke,
one wet November afternoon, Mr. Plummer and Mr. Bent were once more
pacing the “Ushers’ Grind” in mackintoshes. A steady drizzle had damped
their fighting spirit, and taunts that usually kindled flames had only
produced a perfunctory fizzle. At last Mr. Plummer said:

“I’m afraid the boys haven’t a great respect for Flaggon.”

“I shouldn’t take Chowdler too seriously,” said Mr. Bent.

“I didn’t say Chowdler,” replied his companion; “I said the boys.”

“I know you did,” said Mr. Bent. “And _I_ said Chowdler, because I bet
that he has been telling you his story of the week--we have all heard
it--to wit, how little Simpkin looked up at him with a wistful smile
and said, ‘Sir, do you think the new headmaster understands anything
about boys?’”

“Suppose he did!” said Mr. Plummer defiantly. “What then?”

“Only,” replied Mr. Bent, “that it isn’t a _very_ likely thing for a
boy to say, on his own. I know little Simpkin; he’s in my Form. All
Chowdler’s pets are in my Form. A nasty, greasy, oily little beast. He
tried ‘the wistful’ on with me once, but never again.”

“The fact that you think him oily and greasy,” retorted Mr. Plummer,
“is no proof that he didn’t say it.”

“I never said it was,” cried Mr. Bent, raising his voice, “and I
don’t doubt that little Simpkin _did_ say it and will say it again
till he gets another cue. What _does_ amaze me is that, with all his
experience, Chowdler has never learned that boys encourage us in our
illusions by quoting at us our own pet ideas and phrases. It isn’t
conscious hypocrisy--merely an instinct of self-preservation, or an
amiable desire to please. They approach us, as _we_ should approach
some beast of uncertain temper, with the sounds that experience has
shown to be most soothing.”

“So you have said before,” snorted Mr. Plummer. “But, anyhow, you admit
that Chowdler has experience; and Flaggon has none.”

“Pooh! experience indeed!” cried Mr. Bent contemptuously. “What’s
experience? A snare and a delusion, unless you can bring an unbiassed
mind to bear on it; which schoolmasters never can. The man who looks
at this view, for the first time, with the naked eye, sees far more of
it than the man who looks at it for the hundredth time through smoked
glasses. Experience is the smoke on the glasses; it’s the curse of our
profession. We are all much more efficient when we’re young than we
ever are afterwards. Give _me_ the young and inexperienced man.”

“Tipham, for example,” said Mr. Plummer drily.

“Oh, Tipham’s an exception,” replied Mr. Bent airily. “Tipham never
_was_ young. He was born with a greased head, grey flannel trousers,
and a terror of being thought sane. But I can tell you, Chowdler was
ten times more efficient as a master fifteen years ago, when you and I
first came to the school, than he is now. We all become progressively
greater idiots as we grow ripe in experience.”

“Bosh!” said Mr. Plummer.



On the last day of November the much-talked-of Parents’ Committee met.
Mr. Flaggon’s attention had been so fully occupied by other and more
pressing affairs that he had not had time to prepare for the event
as carefully as he could have wished. Indeed, the purely educational
problem had lately taken a less prominent place in his mind. But
some dozen parents had shown themselves sufficiently interested in
the proposal to promise their personal support; and, of these, seven
actually put in an appearance on the appointed day. They included Lady
Bellingham, a recognised authority on Women’s Education, and Sir Philip
Whaley, senior partner in a great commercial house, director of several
flourishing companies, and a person of considerable importance in the
city. A successful stockbroker, who happened to be visiting his boy
at Chiltern on the day, was pressed, reluctantly, into the service at
the eleventh hour and made the numbers even. The meeting was held in
the library, a handsome room that opened out of the Great Hall, and
was intended to be quite informal. The masters had all been invited to
attend, but, as attendance was optional, a great many of them marked
their disapproval by staying away. A sense of duty, however, brought
Mr. Plummer and about a dozen others to this new kind of Parliament,
and Mr. Bent was present, as he expressed it, for the sheer fun of the

The headmaster stated in a few words the object of the gathering, and
Lady Bellingham opened the debate. Lady Bellingham was the star of the
occasion, and she had come provided with a typewritten paper which she
proceeded to read with evident gusto. It was rather a lengthy paper,
and before it was over Sir Philip Whaley and the stockbroker were seen
to yawn surreptitiously. The gist of it was that children should be
brought up among beautiful things in order that what is beautiful in
them may be fostered and developed. Nature is always beautiful, and in
educating the young we must trust more to Nature and less to artificial
restrictions. We must not interfere with a beneficent purpose, and
Nature’s purposes are always beneficent. “Nursed on the great bosom of
Nature” beautiful children will grow up into beautiful men and women.

When Lady Bellingham had finished, Mr. Bent, assuming his most
impressive and deferential manner, asked if he might put a question.

“Certainly,” replied Lady Bellingham affably.

“I do not press,” said Mr. Bent, “for any definition of what you call
‘beautiful things,’ because that might introduce the personal element.
But, when you urge that we should impose no restrictions on Nature, I
foresee difficulties. Measles, for example, are a form of Nature, and
of course you would not wish us to impose no restrictions on measles.”

“Of course not,” said Lady Bellingham, with amused pity.

“Then might I ask,” said Mr. Bent, “what exactly we are to understand
by Nature?”

“Nature,” replied Lady Bellingham, “is impossible to define. It is
too vast, too varied. But, roughly speaking, whatever is beautiful is
natural, and whatever is ugly is unnatural.”

“I see,” said Mr. Bent.

Then Sir Philip Whaley, who had long been chafing under an enforced
silence, took up his parable and spoke. Sir Philip possessed, in an
unusual degree, the charm of English oratory--the gift, that is, of
emphasising and repeating the obvious and connecting his rounded
phrases with ornamental “ums” and “ers.”

“You must look at education,” he began, “from what I venture to call
the business point of view. You schoolmasters are too inclined, if you
will forgive me for saying so, to ignore, to leave out of account,
the--um--er--the business point of view. But, if you are going to think
Imperially, if, that is, you are going to think in terms of Empire, in
terms, I say, of Empire, you cannot leave the business point of view
out of account--um--er--you must take it into your calculations. For,
behind the Imperial problem, lies the business problem. We city men are
familiar with this truth; it is a matter of common knowledge amongst
us; but it is one of the things that you schoolmasters, if you will
pardon me for saying so, are inclined to leave out of account.”

“You are forgetting Nature,” interrupted Lady Bellingham.

“Pardon me, madam,” replied Sir Philip, “I am _not_ forgetting Nature,
but I am looking at it from the practical point of view--from what I
have ventured to call the business point of view. Let me give you a
concrete instance of what I mean.” Here Sir Philip dropped his voice
to a confidential tone. “When I have a post in my office to fill--I am
speaking, mind you, of a post with prospects attached to it, a real
chance for a young fellow--um--er--well, what kind of a man do I want
to fill it? A scholar? No. A man who can read Homer and write Latin
verses? No. I am saying nothing against Homer as Homer, mark you, but
I am considering the thing from the practical point of view. What
_I_ want is a man who has learned shorthand and can write commercial
French--um--er--and I don’t find him--that’s the point--I don’t find
him in the public schools or the universities; as often as not I am
obliged in the end to bring in a foreigner--a German. That’s where the
Germans are ahead of us. Well, there you have it in a nutshell. The
public schools of England are not seriously training their boys to
take their proper place in the business life of the Empire; and the
Germans are. That,” he concluded, bringing his fist down on the table
in front of him, “that is what I mean by saying that you ought to look
at education from the business point of view. I hope I have made myself

Sir Philip wiped his brow and looked around with a complacent smile.
The headmaster, whose face while the city oracle was speaking had been
a study, made no comment; but Mr. Bent leaned forward with knitted
brows and began:

“I have been much interested in what Sir Philip Whaley has been
telling us, but I am not sure whether I interpret him correctly. Do I
understand him to say that he wishes shorthand and commercial French to
form a necessary part of the school curriculum?”

“I do,” said Sir Philip, “most certainly I do.”

“I realise,” continued Mr. Bent, “that for anybody who is aspiring to
a post in Sir Philip Whaley’s office, shorthand and commercial French
are a necessary branch of culture. But what about the boys who are
going in for the learned or other professions--the Church, for example?
Might not commercial French be, to a future bishop, what Homer is to
Sir Philip himself, an ornamental but irrelevant accomplishment? And we
must not ignore the bishops.”

“You must specialise,” said Sir Philip grandly. “You must be prepared
to fit every boy with the special knowledge that he--um--er--will
require in the profession of his choice. You schoolmasters, if you will
forgive me for saying so, do not sufficiently realise the importance of

“The difficulty of specialising beyond a certain point,” said Mr.
Flaggon, “lies in the additional expense: and public school education
is costly enough already. Our problem is to find a common basis of
education for all.”

Sir Philip was not accustomed to have his judgment disputed,
and he met the objection by repeating his previous remarks with
amplifications. When he had finished for the second time, a Mrs.
Sparrow, who had been making chirruping little noises to herself all
the while, seized the opportunity to say that, for want of somebody
better, she had come to represent the mothers’ point of view; and what
mothers cared most about were just the little things that men so often
didn’t notice. She was sure that the food was all that could be wished
for or desired, and she wasn’t for a moment complaining about _that_.
But she did think that the boys weren’t given enough time to eat it
in. She was horrified at the way her own boy had learned to gobble his
food in the holidays, and all doctors were agreed about the importance
of eating slowly and biting properly. That was one thing. And, then,
she did think that, for a big school, the sick-house was _rather_ a
dreary place--such bare unfurnished rooms and floors. When her boy
was ill last Easter Term and she came down to see him, she went away
feeling quite depressed. Of course everybody was _most_ kind, and she
knew that the school doctor was a very clever man; but she did think
that the sick-house might be made a little more cheerful. That was the
mothers’ point of view, and she hoped that Mr. Flaggon would not mind
her putting it; for, after all a mother _did_ know more about her own
children than anybody else did.

Mr. Flaggon said that he was always delighted to hear what the mothers
had to say, and he would give due weight to Mrs. Sparrow’s suggestions;
but he thought that they were perhaps straying a little beyond the
scope of the meeting, and he invited the other parents to give their
view on the main subject under discussion, namely, education.

The other parents, thus appealed to, explained that they had come to
listen and not to talk; but the stockbroker, who had from the first
exhibited symptoms of acute boredom, remarked that, as he was there,
he might as well say what he knew that most people thought, though
apparently they were afraid to say so. “If you ask me,” he said,
leaning back in his chair and thrusting his thumbs into the armholes
of his waistcoat, “if you ask me, I don’t think it matters a rap
_what_ you teach ’em. When I was at school, _I_ never did a stroke
of work--had a jolly good time, and I can’t say that I’m sorry for
it. And I’m worth now” (here Mr. Flaggon winced visibly)--“well, it
doesn’t matter what I’m worth; but I know that I could buy up half the
swots--that’s what we used to call them in my days--half the swots who
worked ’emselves silly over their Latin and Greek and all that sort of
gibberish. And when I sent my youngster here, I said to him: ‘You may
work if you like; you can please yourself about that, and it’s a point
you’ll have to settle with your masters; but, if you want to please
your dad, remember that I’d a da--jolly sight sooner see you head of
your eleven than head of the school.’ That’s what I said; and I don’t
believe, Mr. Headmaster, that you’ve got a finer little sportsman in
your school than my youngster.”

Long before the discussion was over Mr. Flaggon realised that it had
been a mistake and would only give the enemy cause to blaspheme. And
he was not mistaken. Lady Bellingham was the joy of Common Room for
weeks afterwards, and it was humorously assumed that she had made a
convert of the headmaster. When a new chimney appeared on the Lodge,
everybody said, “Flaggon is surrounding us with beautiful things”; when
the rhododendrons at the far end of Colonus were thinned out, it was,
“Flaggon is uncovering the great bosom of Nature.” And again, when a
notice came round about the wearing of great-coats, somebody remarked
that Flaggon was looking at education from the mothers’ point of view.
Mr. Chowdler, who had not been present at the meeting, picked up all
the best things and added them to his repertory. In fact there was a
regular carnival of wit, and the wags had the time of their lives.

Only Mr. Bent affected to be agreeably surprised. “They were,” he said,
“an unusually intelligent set of parents--quite unusually intelligent.
Lady Bellingham, of course, talked an amazing lot of drivel; you would
expect that from a woman. Still, she knows a great deal more than
Chowdler does; for, though she can’t express herself rationally, she
does realise in a vague way that beauty is a form of truth, and that
education ought to mean something more than Balbus-built-a-wall and the
off-theory. Even Mr.--I can’t remember his name--the stockbroker, has
grasped what education is _not_; which is more than Chowdler ever has.
They offered him an inferior substitute at the school where he spent
his dazzling youth, and, with the intuition of genius, he divined that
it was not worth his acceptance. And probably it wasn’t. And, then, the
silent ones! How seldom you find four people in any given room who are
wise enough to keep silence about a subject of which they know nothing.
Whaley was the only really hopeless failure. Yes, they certainly were
an unusually intelligent set of parents.”

“That’s all very well,” protested Mr. Plummer, “but if _I_ had said so,
you would have cursed me for my unreasoning optimism and made out that
I was blinded by my infatuation for the middle classes.”

“Perhaps,” replied Mr. Bent airily, “perhaps. And very likely I should
have been right.”



“I always wonder, Bent,” said Mr. Rankin, as the two men met in Colonus
on their way to the ground where the Cock-house match was about to
begin--“I always wonder why you, who pour such scorn on athleticism,
never by any chance miss a house match.”

“There are many things in this world to wonder at,” replied Mr. Bent;
“for instance, why the sea is boiling hot and why Radicals are the
most inveterate Tories in private life. But, as a matter of fact, it
is not the football that attracts me on these occasions so much as the
psychology of the competing housemasters.”

“Translate with brief notes,” said his companion.

“To an observer of human nature,” Mr. Bent explained, “nothing is
so illuminating as the behaviour of a housemaster when his house is
playing a match. Chowdler, of course, is elemental, and offers few
points of interest; he has the naked simplicity of the savage or the
sportsman--blatant in victory, ungenerous in defeat. But Trimble is
more complex, and, therefore, more worthy of study. If I join him, he
will affect an air of complete detachment and ask me for my views on
Welsh Disestablishment or Woman Suffrage; but he will interrupt himself
at intervals to murmur ‘Fools! asses! idiots! they deserve to be
beaten!’ Of course they _will_ be beaten?”

“Don’t be too sure of that!” said Mr. Rankin. “Two of Chowdler’s best
men are crocked, and Trimble’s have come on a lot lately.”

“Chowdler being beaten,” said Mr. Bent, “is a much more amusing
spectacle than Chowdler winning. But I don’t regard it as possible.
He always keeps a reserve force--a kind of territorial army--of lean
and hungry veterans with Christian names, who have grown old in the
service of their country. I am credibly informed, that his senior fag,
whom I see on the field, is a widower and maintains a family of four
at Brighton. They all belong to the class which Chowdler designates
as ‘poor old’ or ‘good old’; and against this combination of age,
godliness, and thrift, no ordinary house eleven stands a chance.”

“Don’t talk rot,” said Mr. Rankin, “_I_ back Trimble’s. They’ll take a
lot of beating to-day.”

The whole school and most of the masters were out to watch the game.
Mr. Tipham was conspicuous in his post-impressionist scarf, shouting
ostentatiously for Trimble’s. Mr. Grady hovered uneasily on the
outskirts, with the hunted look on his face; perhaps the noise reminded
him of his more uproarious classes. Mrs. Chowdler and Mrs. Trimble were
seated in a reserved enclosure, exchanging feline amenities. Their
better halves wandered about on opposite sides of the ground--Mr.
Chowdler on the touch-line, Mr. Trimble a little in the rear of the
spectators, in a state of internal agitation which would have made
sitting impossible. For the game was of a most thrilling description.
In the first half Trimble’s did most of the attacking and crossed over
with a lead of one goal to nothing.

“Oh, it’s all right!” said Mr. Trimble with assumed nonchalance to Mr.
Bent, who had just congratulated him on the results so far obtained.
“We shall go to pieces sure enough in the second half! my fellows have
a perfect genius for collapsing. The asses! If they hadn’t bungled all
their chances we might have been three up.”

It looked as if Mr. Trimble’s gloomy prophecy were going to be
fulfilled; for the game had hardly been restarted when a foolish
misunderstanding among the Trimbleite backs enabled Chowdler’s to
equalise; and, before their opponents had recovered from the shock and
consequent demoralisation, le Willow sent in a lucky shot which put his
side ahead. A yell of triumph went up from the Chowdlerites and their
supporters, and Mr. Chowdler himself, in spite of a heavy fur coat,
leapt into the air on the touch-line and beat his gloved hands one
against the other.

“Well played, Harry!” he roared. “Well played all! Good lads! Stick
_to_ it, stick _to_ it!”

“Given away with a pound of tea!” said Mr. Trimble with a short
mirthless laugh. “That settles the game; and I must say that we
thoroughly deserve to lose. Did you ever see such football!”

Mr. Trimble, though he was one of the best housemasters at Chiltern,
was a man of rather insignificant appearance. The youngest Miss Gussy
had once said of him that he always looked as if he were wearing
somebody else’s cast-off clothes. On this particular afternoon he
had on an ulster of antique design and faded yellow colour, which
contrasted unfavourably with the smart coat of his rival and seemed to
brand him as of inferior rank.

“The moral effect of that last goal,” said Mr. Bent, whose sympathies
were with the ulster, “may be disastrous; but the game is not over
yet. I must confess that I am beginning to be horribly excited. I have
not got your philosophic detachment, Trimble; and the sight of Chowdler
on the touch-line, clapping his great woollen gloves together, always
arouses most unchristian feelings in me. I want to see him, not merely
beaten, but crushed, disgraced, annihilated. Well played! Oh, well

For the Trimbleites, stung by disaster, had roused themselves to
superhuman efforts and were once more attacking fiercely. There was
a confused _mêlée_ in front of Chowdler’s goal. Suddenly the referee
blew his whistle, and when the players separated it was seen that a
Chowdlerite was lying disabled on the ground.

“Did you see that?” cried Mr. Chowdler, rushing up to Mr. Black, whom
he spied in his neighbourhood.

Mr. Black was a cautious man and shy of committing himself to excitable
colleagues, so he replied:

“I was just looking the other way, so I didn’t see what happened; but I
fear somebody is injured.”

“It is one of the most deliberate and foulest bits of play,” said Mr.
Chowdler in a voice for all to hear, “that I have ever witnessed.
Shameful, shameful! From this moment I take no further interest in the
game. Good God!” he added suddenly, throwing up his hands in a gesture
of despair, “it’s le Willow!” And he hurried off to assist the victim.

Le Willow had sprained an ankle and had to be helped off the field.
When he had been removed and the players had resumed their places, it
became evident that the referee had awarded a free kick. “All very
well!” muttered Mr. Chowdler to Mr. Rankin, as he hurried back to his
post on the touch-line, “but what’s the use of a free kick when it has
cost you your best man!”

It was indeed a poor consolation--merely a black mark against an
unscrupulous foe who cared nothing for black marks. But imagine Mr.
Chowdler’s horror, indignation, and dismay, when he suddenly realised
that the free kick had been awarded, not for, but against his house.

“Monstrous!” he cried aloud, as if appealing to the silent gods.
“Monstrous! I saw the foul, I saw it myself. A perfectly monstrous

But, monstrous or not, such _was_ the decision and there was no appeal
from it. There was a moment of intense silence, and then a moan went
up from the Trimbleites and a roar of triumph from the Chowdlerites
as the shot which should have equalised, passed just over, instead of
under, the bar. For the next twenty minutes the Chowdlerite goal was
literally bombarded. Excitement, it is true, made the shooting rather
erratic; but, time after time, it looked as if the citadel must fall.
And it _would_ have fallen, but for Cheeny. When le Willow received his
mortal wound, Cheeny had stepped into his place as leader; and he was
everywhere. It is the right thing in the Chiltern game for the leader
to be everywhere; that is one of the features that has made of the
Chiltern game the great moral training that it is. So Cheeny did his
best to be ubiquitous, and played such a game as had not been played in
Colonus within the memory of that generation--falling, rising, charging
and being charged, stopping rushes, intercepting passes and spoiling
shots. And, after each unsuccessful attack on the Chowdlerite goal, Mr.
Trimble said calmly, “That settles it! Silly asses! They deserve to be

As for Mr. Chowdler, the perspiration stood on his brow and there was
a note of almost despairing appeal in his familiar rallying cry, “Good
lads! Good lads all! Stick _to_ it, stick _to_ it!” But slowly, at
the back of his mind, a purpose was shaping itself--a resolve that,
if the impossible _did_ happen and Cheeny kept the goal intact, then
Cheeny should be his Prefect. For a lad with such nerve and courage had
proved himself fit to govern, even though he were rather low in the

Meanwhile, as the minutes slipped away, the excitement grew and
grew, and there was one continuous roar of Chowd_lers_! Jow_lers_!
Trim_bulls_! in all keys and every degree of hoarseness. People leapt
into the air, slapped each other on the back, threw their caps on the
ground and trampled on them, and performed all manner of strange and
inconsequent antics. Ten--eight--six--four minutes more! And then, just
at the end, amid howls of delight from their supporters, the defence,
with Cheeny at their head, broke away; and, when the whistle blew, the
ball was in mid-field and Chowdler’s were left victorious by two goals
to one.

Mr. Chowdler was swept away by a wave of intense, almost religious,
emotion. Foul play, monstrous decisions, past and present wrongs were
all forgotten for the moment. If the headmaster had come up and grasped
him by the hand, he would have fallen upon the headmaster’s neck--he
would have fallen upon _anybody’s_ neck. Never since the relief of
Ladysmith, where his own son was beleaguered, had he experienced
such a sense of thankfulness, joy, and exultation. Perhaps it was an
unconscious association of ideas which made him say to Mr. Tipham as he
passed him:

“Thank God! We have kept the flag flying!”

“Where?” asked Mr. Tipham icily.

But already Mr. Chowdler was far away. He had caught sight of Mr.
Trimble’s retreating figure, and was hurrying after him with the
chivalrous intention of pouring balm into smarting wounds. Mr. Trimble
was, indeed, making off as fast as he could, in the hope of avoiding an
application of this particular balm, which he had sampled on previous
occasions and which had always disagreed with him. His nerves were
tingling, and he was conscious of a feeling of suppressed irritation
which, he knew, would give him a broken night and spoil life for
several days. Suddenly, a heavy woollen glove descended on to his
shoulder and a manly voice panted in his ear:

“Condolences, poor old boy, condolences! My turn to-day, yours,
perhaps, to-morrow!”

“Hullo!” said Mr. Trimble, turning round and shuddering slightly
under the caress. “Is that you, Chowdler? I was looking for you;

“Ta,” said Mr. Chowdler, without removing his hand. “Ta. We were a
bit too good for you, but you put up a tip-top fight. I’m afraid your
lot are a bit done up; it always tells hardest on the beaten side. I
expect my own lads have had very nearly as much as they wanted. But
_what_ a game!”

It is much easier to congratulate a successful rival warmly than to
receive his condolences gratefully; and Mr. Trimble’s vexation pierced
through his reply.

“It was indeed,” he replied; “the worst exhibition I’ve ever seen in
a Cock-house match! On to-day’s form any ordinarily respectable side
ought to have whopped you, but my lot were simply beneath contempt:
they didn’t deserve to win. Plenty of spirit, of course: one expects
that; but _the_ very worst football I’ve ever seen in Colonus.”

Mr. Chowdler withdrew his hand and the balm with it. As he said
afterwards to his wife, poor old Trimble never could take a beating.

To Mr. Chowdler the victory did not mean merely that his boys, by
superior luck or skill, had scored one goal more than the boys of
another house. It meant, somehow, that the Lanchester tradition had
been vindicated; that all that was best and noblest in the place, all
that made the past glorious and the present fruitful, had, in the face
of tremendous odds, asserted itself in a supreme and convincing manner.
He was glad that his house had taken the field with two of their best
players away, glad that le Willow had sprained his ankle and that the
referee had been flagrantly unfair. All things had worked together for
good, and misfortunes which looked like irretrievable disasters had
only served to enhance the moral sublimity of the victory. “God’s in
his Heaven, all’s right with the world.”

Something of all this Mr. Chowdler certainly said to his house in the
speech that he made to them at prayers that evening; and when, on the
following day, little Simpkin looked up at him with a wistful smile and
said, “Sir, don’t you think that the Lanchester tradition comes out at
football?” he felt that the boys had the root of the matter in them,
too. And he related the story to all his colleagues in turn--and to
some of them twice.



The Term did not end without further unpleasantness. The treatment of
le Willow had created a feeling of deep resentment in the school, and
this feeling was intensified when Old Chilternians came down and said
that the place was becoming a regular Sunday school, and that the new
man deserved to be shot. It was known, too, that some of the masters
shared the opinion of the Old Chilternians, and “the Jowler” was
generally recognised as the champion who was foremost in defending the
old flag against attacks. Mr. Chowdler himself was quite unconscious
that he had revealed his inner mind to the boys or fanned the flame of
disloyalty. But there was no doubt that he talked with great freedom to
parents and old boys; and neither parents nor old boys are invariably

The upshot of it all was that, at the school concert on the last night
but one of the Term, both Mr. Chowdler and le Willow received a great
ovation which contrasted forcibly with the very faint cheering that
greeted the entrance of the headmaster. It was said that there had even
been hissing; but, while some maintained that it had proceeded from
a group of old boys, and some ascribed it to isolated members of Mr.
Chowdler’s house, others asserted that there had been nothing of the
kind at all. Anyhow, it was not very marked, and Mr. Flaggon ignored
it. He had a disconcerting way of concealing his feelings, an air of
impenetrability which suggested, somehow, that he might have a trump
card up his sleeve. The boys did not like him the better for this. Boys
feel more at home with a man who plays with all his cards on the table.

But the school got a glimpse into the working of their headmaster’s
mind when they were summoned into the Great Hall, just before the last
chapel, to hear some remarks which Mr. Flaggon thought it his duty to
address to them. The Term, he said, had been an unsatisfactory Term.
He dwelt on the prevalence of cribbing, on the general slackness of
discipline and the apparent absence of any healthy public opinion
on matters that were vital to the school. He spoke sternly, but in
measured language and without exaggeration of bitterness, and he ended
with an appeal to the best traditions of the school and the better
instincts of the better boys. There were no threats; but everybody
realised that the speech was intended as a grave warning.

Many of the masters were considerably impressed upon it. A few of the
older ones, however, headed by Mr. Chowdler, chose to regard it as
an unwarranted attack on themselves. The boys listened, as boys will
always listen to easy and effective speaking, with every appearance of
being moved; and the singing in chapel, immediately afterwards, was
unusually subdued. But, as soon as the first effect had worn off and
the tongues of the scoffers were unloosed, the discontented spirit
reasserted itself again, and the opinion most commonly expressed in
the houses that night was that they had been treated like preparatory
schoolboys. A few there were, chiefly boys in the highest forms, who
felt dimly that they had been brought face to face with a real man and
a nobler conception of life than they had hitherto realised; but, as
yet, they were only few and they held their peace, leaving the talking
to the malcontents.

On the first morning of the holidays, the headmaster had a long
interview with Mr. Chase. Mr. Chase was not altogether happy about his
house; no more was Mr. Flaggon. Indeed, he was not very happy about any
of the houses. In his dealings with offenders who had been reported to
him in the course of the Term, he had been painfully struck by a kind
of moral hardness in them, an apparent imperviousness to the influences
that make life a noble thing. It stamped itself on their faces in a
particular look which was half defiant, half bored, and a sort of easy
insolence which seemed to mistake itself for good breeding. And it
was something new in his experience. With the thoughtless, daredevil,
and impetuous temperament his own school days had made him familiar;
but this was a new type, which seemed incapable of repentance and met
punishment and appeal alike with the same callous indifference.

And, as he watched the boys’ faces day by day and week by week from his
place in chapel, he was conscious of a gradual deterioration in many of
them. Bigger boys, who at the beginning of the Term had suggested, with
all their uncouthness, something of the frankness and spontaneity of
healthy-minded youth, were growing old and veiled and blasé. Even among
the new boys there were some who had exchanged the frank and grubby
light-heartedness, natural to their years, for a look of self-conscious
pertness that was decidedly unpleasing. It seemed as if there were
a blight upon the place, some secret impalpable influence that was
poisoning the springs of life. Mr. Flaggon had diagnosed it at first
as a lack of discipline, and he had set himself to fight the evil with
heroic remedies. Cost what it might, he would have discipline. But he
was beginning to suspect that indiscipline was only a symptom and that
he had not yet penetrated to the root of the mischief.

By his advice Mr. Chase, who was conscientious if unimaginative, was
getting rid of some of the older boys in his house, who had been
vegetating for a long time in the lower forms. He now suggested that
the housemaster should try to establish confidential relations with
some of the parents of his new boys, and find out from them, if
possible, whether all was really well. Mr. Chase looked dubious. “I
don’t quite like it,” he said. “It seems a little underhand--rather
like going behind people’s backs; because I have been talking a good
deal lately to my Prætor and to some of the old boys, and they all
assure me that, though there is a prejudice in the school against my
house, it is really quite right and as good as any. Besides, I don’t
want to alarm parents unnecessarily.”

Mr. Flaggon concealed a slight feeling of impatience. “We mustn’t,” he
said, “allow ourselves to be bound by a more than Spanish etiquette. We
have got to do the very best we can for the boys who are under us, and,
if we don’t use whatever help the parents can give us, we are surely
guilty of a grave breach of duty. And as for frightening them--no
sensible parent would be alarmed at being asked to co-operate with us
in the interests of his child. Only, you must choose the right parents;
for I’m really afraid there are some who don’t mind what happens to
their sons, provided they do well at their games and have a good time.”

Mr. Chase yielded to persuasion, and, when he had gone, Mr. Flaggon
sat down to a still harder task. He had decided that he must write
to Mr. Chowdler. Ordinarily, in handling a delicate situation, he
preferred the spoken to the written word. But in this case he felt that
he could write more calmly and sympathetically than he could speak;
for he was conscious that Mr. Chowdler’s voice and personality jarred
upon him, and he feared that, in an interview, this latent irritation
might betray itself in a tone or a gesture which would embitter rather
than end the quarrel. Anyhow, something had to be done, for the
situation was rapidly becoming impossible. Mr. Flaggon was aware of Mr.
Chowdler’s indiscretions. The knowledge had come to him through various
channels; and, once or twice lately, Mr. Chowdler’s tone and language
to himself had been of a kind which it is difficult for a headmaster to
ignore with dignity.

The letter was a difficult one to compose, and Mr. Flaggon weighed
his words very carefully. He tried to recall Mr. Chowdler to a sense
of elementary loyalty. He had, he said, every respect for differences
of opinion, and he did not expect his own views or actions to pass
uncriticised. But there were limits to the manner in which such
criticisms could be expressed without doing harm to the school, and he
was bound to say that, on several occasions, Mr. Chowdler had--quite
unconsciously, no doubt--gone beyond those limits. He disclaimed any
personal animus, and ended with a generous tribute to Mr. Chowdler’s
many services to Chiltern.

When he had read and re-read the letter and marked it “private,” he
dispatched it by a messenger and anxiously awaited the reply.

And he did not have long to wait. Whenever his indiscretions were
called in question, Mr. Chowdler made great play with the word
“gossip.” The headmaster, said Mr. Chowdler, had evidently been
listening to gossip, and would do well to be more shy of it in the
future. He (Mr. Chowdler) had nothing to reproach himself with, and he
refused to be held responsible for other folk’s mistakes. His advice
had always been at the service of the headmaster, but it had been
consistently ignored. People must lie in their beds as they make them.

The headmaster sighed as he read this answer to his appeal, but he
felt that nothing would be gained by continuing the correspondence or
dotting the “i’s.” He hoped against hope that, though Mr. Chowdler was
incapable of admitting himself to be in the wrong, he would lay the
admonition to heart and be more cautious in the future.

Mr. Flaggon spent the greater part of the holidays at Chiltern, working
a rough draft of a new curriculum and mastering a great mass of detail.
It was rumoured that his mother and sister were coming to live with
him in the summer; but at present they were wintering abroad, and
Mr. Flaggon was alone. In the course of the holidays he became more
closely acquainted with Mr. Bent. The two men, each out for a solitary
walk, had come from opposite footpaths into the same lane. Neither was
in search of company, but, as both were obviously bound in the same
direction, escape was impossible.

“Hullo!” said Mr. Flaggon. “I didn’t know you were here still, Bent. I
thought you were sure to be in Switzerland.”

“No,” said Mr. Bent; “I have shed my youthful indiscretions. I still
can’t stand Chiltern in the Easter or summer holidays, but I have at
last realised, with infinite relief, that at Christmas no place is
so attractive as one’s own fireside. It saves me a world of anxious
thought and planning. I just run up to town for the last week-end, and
that gives me the feeling, necessary to the pedagogue, of having been
away and seen things.”

Mr. Flaggon had not had time or opportunity to become at all intimate
with any of his staff. He was, as we have said, by nature rather shy
and reticent, and the consciousness of much latent hostility had
made advances unusually difficult. There had, of course, been formal
calls and dinner-parties; but neither calls nor dinner-parties lend
themselves to the formation of friendships.

Mr. Bent had been a puzzle to him. The flippancy of his tone and manner
at masters’ meetings had often been annoying; but he had sometimes
said things which suggested ideals and a breadth of view at variance
with his apparent cynicism. When, therefore, as they were passing his
house, Mr. Bent said, “Won’t you come in and have a cup of tea?” Mr.
Flaggon accepted the invitation. That walk and tea led to other walks
and other teas. Mr. Bent recognised in the headmaster a man of great
mental alertness and wide interests; and Mr. Flaggon discovered an
unexpectedly serious vein in his companion, veiled, as it often was,
under an ironic humour. As conversation became more intimate, Mr. Bent
ventured one day to express his inner feelings about Chiltern and the
Lanchester tradition.

“We are haunted here,” he said, “as you have doubtless observed, by the
ghost of greatness; and it won’t let us speak, or think, or do. Nothing
is so paralysing (the preachers call it inspiring) as the memory of a
great man. If I want a new Latin prose book, I can’t have it because
Dr. Lanchester taught out of the old one; and if I want a window that
will open, it is impossible because Lanchester didn’t believe in
ventilation. This, of course, is fearful heresy, and men have died on
the scaffold for less.”

“I’m sorry,” said Mr. Flaggon with a laugh, “that you are so prejudiced
against Lanchester, because I had a proposal to make to you. I’ve just
come into possession of some papers of his, and I am going to ask you
to look through them for me and see if they contain anything of real
interest. I simply haven’t got time myself.”

“Oh, of course, I wasn’t crabbing the _real_ Lanchester,” said Mr.
Bent; “it’s only his ghost that annoys me. The _man_ was an educational
reformer, but the _ghost_ is only a glorified cricket ‘pro.’ What are
the papers?”

“They have been sent me,” replied the headmaster, “by a Mrs. Core,
whose grandfather wrote the life of Dr. Lanchester. Probably the best
things are in the book already, but there may be a gem here and there
that has been passed over. Would you care to do a little sifting?”

“I should love it,” said Mr. Bent. “You see, we have done what the
descendants of prophet-slayers always do. We have hidden away _our_
prophet under a showy tomb, built out of the very stones that slew him.
I should vastly enjoy digging for his bones.”

So Mr. Bent carried home, one day, a boxful of old papers, and spent
several happy evenings going over them. The gem of the collection was
a little bundle of letters, written to an intimate friend during the
early years of the doctor’s headmastership, and so outspoken in their
comments on persons and events that, apparently, the biographer had
been afraid to use them. Such phrases as “I am determined, God willing,
to lift this school out of the mire into which it has fallen.... The
unruly spirit of the boys troubles me less than the prejudice of the
masters.... Alexander the coppersmith” (probably an allusion to the
Rev. John Alexander, at that time second master at Chiltern) “does me
much harm.... I apprehend more and more clearly that a headmaster must
be a despot.... The moral and intellectual deadness of these people
to the larger issues of education appals me”--delighted Mr. Bent and
whetted his appetite for more. When he returned the papers at the end
of the week, he observed:

“There’s matter enough here to blow up Chiltern and half the county
into the bargain. Some of the letters are splendid and quite new,
but it would never do to publish them. People would say they were an
impudent forgery. Lanchester was a much finer fellow than I realised,
and intensely modern. By the way, I understood he had had difficulties,
but I never knew that he had to begin by sacking a third of the school
and two of the senior----” But a look on Mr. Flaggon’s face pulled him
up abruptly. “That’s the worst of headmasters,” he said to himself
afterwards. “The moment you begin to be natural with them, you tumble
up against the official.”

But Mr. Flaggon was not offended. He had merely remembered, suddenly
and with a twinge of pain, the difficult problems that confronted him,
and what sharp remedies he might be forced to employ before they were
finally solved.



When Term began again towards the end of January, Mr. Tipham and his
many-coloured scarf were no longer a feature of Chiltern. He had
transferred himself to Cambridge and tutorial work, feeling possibly
that Cleopas College and the undergraduate were in closer touch with
Nature than Chiltern and the public schoolboy. Anyhow he was gone, and
his place had been taken by a young man of less pronounced views, who
wore spectacles and listened deferentially to Mr. Chowdler.

Mr. Chowdler himself had returned in splendid fighting form. He had
spent the greater part of the holidays at Sauersprudel, and he had
employed the time in wrestling and prevailing. Long before “all the
vulgar people that Harry hates so” (we are quoting from Mrs. Chowdler)
flocked out to Switzerland at Christmas, Mr. Chowdler had discovered
Sauersprudel in the Spitzenthal and planted the British flag there.
It is true that all the English families who have visited the place in
Mr. Chowdler’s wake speak of themselves as having discovered it too. But
that does not alter the fact that Mr. Chowdler was the real Christopher
Columbus of Sauersprudel and the father of the Adler Hotel--at least as
a winter resort.

In the early days of the British occupation the settlers were not
numerous, but they came regularly every winter. There were, besides Mr.
and Mrs. Chowdler, the Hon. Fitzroy Plashy and party, Canon and Mrs.
Dubbin, Dr. Cushat and family, Mr. Weatherbury, K.C., and a few others
who had suddenly realised that sunshine and frost are not peculiar to
the Engadine, and that Sauersprudel is much nearer to London than St.
Moritz is. These pioneers lived together on fairly amicable terms,
enjoying equal rights, but possessing no written laws, no organised

But, as the tide of cheap immigration brought strange faces to the
Adlerhof in ever-increasing numbers, the old patriarchal life was
bound to come to an end in favour of some system more congenial to
the British temperament--one, that is to say, which would classify
the guests and admit of a distinction between governors and governed.
Accordingly, Mr. Chowdler and the original families took up the white
man’s burden, formed themselves into a permanent committee, and set
themselves to organise life on the principles which have made sport the
thing it is. They created a skating club, a tobogganing club, a ski-ing
club, and a curling club, each with rules and tests and an etiquette of
its own; they appointed competitions, and decided in what particular
form of dissipation the guests were to indulge of an evening. In a
word, they gave the Adlerhof the blessings of a firm and orderly
government. With a prescriptive right to the best rooms and the chief
place at feasts, they were the aristocracy of the hotel, governing,
as befits an aristocracy, in the interests of the many, but holding
discreetly aloof.

Unfortunately, amongst Britons, one of the first results of a firm
government is a factious and discontented Opposition; and the Adlerhof
was no exception to the rule. No sooner had Mr. Chowdler and his
friends assumed the cares of office than murmurs of complaint began to
be heard, feeble at first but gathering strength with each successive
season. Wild young men and women, athirst for bandy and bunny-hugs, for
impossible ski-jumps and noisy races along the corridors, protested
that they had not come out to be drilled like schoolboys but to
enjoy themselves; and they began to question the authority of the
self-appointed committee. Profoundly ignorant of the past history
of the place and of all that it owed to its aristocracy, they felt
no reverence for Mr. Chowdler and the Hon. Fitzroy Plashy circling
sedately round an orange, and only wondered why the best part of the
rink was reserved for these old fogeys and their friends. At last a
moment came when, conscious of their strength, they passed from murmurs
to action. When the committee arranged a toboggan race, the opposition
organised a ski-ing competition; when the committee decreed a gymkhana,
the opposition engineered a dance; and the hotel was divided into
hostile camps.

Things were in this critical state when, on December 28, Mr. Chowdler
arrived in Sauersprudel to lend his powerful support to the cause of
law and order. His annual appearance had always been treated as an
event of importance in the life of the hotel--obsequious smiles from
mine host and a flutter among the servants. You would have thought him
a governor returning to his colony, or a chieftain to his clan. But,
on this occasion, Mr. Chowdler, who had left his wife at home, was met
in the hall by the landlord with a face of woe. The room on the first
floor with the south aspect, the room that he had selected as his own
in 1896 and which had been specially reserved for him ever since, had
been forcibly annexed and occupied, a fortnight previously, by a young
English Herr who refused to turn out for all the Chowdlers in creation.
Would Mr. Chowdler mind going into a room on the other side of the
passage for a few days--a larger and a better room, though facing
north? The young Herr talked of leaving very shortly.

“His name?” asked Mr. Chowdler curtly.

“Mr. Maurice Veal of London.”

“Bring him to me,” said Mr. Chowdler.

Impossible; the young man had gone out ski-ing for the day, taking his
lunch with him.

“Then send my boxes up to my room,” said Mr. Chowdler. “My _own_ room
mind. I will arrange matters.”

The landlord hesitated between fear of Mr. Chowdler and the danger of
losing a wealthy customer who drank champagne every night and paid
exactly twice as much for the room as Mr. Chowdler did. But fear of Mr.
Chowdler prevailed; and, when young Mr. Veal returned from his day’s
sport at five in the afternoon, he found his own effects in the passage
and Mr. Chowdler, in shirt sleeves, busily engaged in installing
himself in the disputed apartment.

Mr. Veal, though not deficient in bounce, was not remarkable for his
physical proportions. Perhaps a long and fatiguing day in the snow,
in the course of which he had taken many severe falls, had damped his
spirits; or, perhaps the sight of Mr. Chowdler in shirt sleeves, with
his broad shoulders, bullet head, red face, and determined jaw, was
more formidable than anything he had anticipated. At all events he lost
his nerve, and, after a little bluster and some futile threats, he
withdrew to abuse the landlord, leaving Mr. Chowdler in possession.

“I engaged this room in 1896,” Mr. Chowdler shouted after him, “and I
intend to keep it.”

And he kept it.

However, the victory of the bedroom did not end the campaign against
the committee; it only spurred the enemy to greater exertions. And
young Veal, panting for revenge, became the recognised leader of a
guerilla campaign. No step that the committee took was allowed to pass
unchallenged; no rule was made but it was straightway broken, no notice
was posted without provoking a counter-notice or a parody. Half the
hotel was on terms of active hostility with the other half. The older
men and their wives stood by the committee, the younger ones rallied
round the banner of Veal. And a climax seemed to have been reached one
afternoon, when Veal and a friend dashed across the sacred enclosure,
where Messrs. Chowdler, Plashy and Weatherbury were cutting figures,
kicked away the orange which formed the centre of their evolutions, and
spilled Mr. Chowdler--accidentally, as they maintained; of set purpose
and malice aforethought, as others asserted. After this anything was
possible. But the situation was saved by the timely arrival of Lord
Budleigh of Salterton and his brother the Admiral. By a masterly stroke
of policy they were co-opted on to the committee before they had been
five minutes in the hotel; and the opposition collapsed. For even in
moments of the wildest aberration, a hotelful of English folk knows the
value of a lord. Moreover, Lord Budleigh was a man of courteous and
conciliatory manners, far less exclusive in his behaviour than either
Mr. Chowdler or the Hon. Fitzroy Plashy, and tolerant of the vagaries
of youth; while his brother the Admiral, who was out to enjoy himself
and sublimely unconscious of anything amiss, fraternised with everybody
in the most natural and friendly way. Within eight-and-forty hours, Mr.
Veal found himself without followers and left the hotel. The committee
had triumphed, and, with the committee, Mr. Chowdler.

“There _had_ been a little unpleasantness before I arrived,” he said
afterwards, in describing the events, “but I soon settled all that.”

It will be readily understood, therefore, that Mr. Chowdler was in no
mood to tolerate rebuffs when he returned to Chiltern. And yet, as
ill-luck would have it, a rebuff of the most unexpected kind awaited
him. On the eve of his departure for Switzerland he had written to
the headmaster to intimate that he wished to have Cheeny as a house
Prefect in the following term, and it would therefore be convenient if
the boy were made a school Prefect at the same time. In all his past
experience a wish of this kind had been equivalent to a command, and
had only needed the official endorsement of the headmaster. However,
this time, on his return from Sauersprudel, he found, not the official
endorsement he expected, but a note, requesting him to come and see Mr.
Flaggon on the matter at his earliest convenience. The interview was
more surprising even than the note. Mr. Flaggon, it appeared, intended,
when appointing Prefects, to take much less account in future of mere
athletic distinction and much more of mental ability; “because,” he
said, “although I know that there are often striking exceptions, brain
power and character are closely allied, and the boy who has brains
is more likely to understand and appreciate high ideals than the boy
who has none. I have gone into Cheeny’s claims very carefully; and,
except for your high opinion of him, which of course weighs with me, I
can find no reason for promoting him to such a responsible post. He is
quite low in the school and----”

“Then you can’t have seen him in the Cock-house match last Term,”
interrupted Mr. Chowdler angrily.

“I did,” replied Mr. Flaggon. “I admired his spirit and I envied him
his agility. But that kind of spirit alone doesn’t make a Prefect; and
I notice that all his masters say of him that he collapses before any
difficulty in his work and is inclined to sulk.”

Mr. Chowdler was too indignant to speak; but worse was in store; for
Mr. Flaggon continued implacably:

“But there is another boy in your house whom I _am_ very glad to make
a Prefect. I mean Dennison. He has earned the honour by his place in
the school alone, and, so far as I can judge--and I have been studying
him rather closely--he has qualities which justify me in feeling very
hopeful about him.”

Dennison! Mr. Chowdler nearly had a fit. Dennison! One of those morbid,
cantankerous, precocious boys, who have none of the good-fellowship,
none of the joy of life, that are the crown of youth. A boy with a
jealous, sour, carping disposition, unpopular with his fellows and
unresponsive to his housemaster; a boy without influence and eaten up
by an unhealthy egotism.

“You misjudge him,” said Mr. Flaggon. “The boy is reserved, rather
sensitive, and shy of expressing himself; but he has character and a
conscience. With guidance and a little sympathy he will make a very
useful Prefect.”

“_Will_ make!” Mr. Chowdler protested vehemently. _He_ knew the boy
as only a housemaster _could_ know a boy, whereas the headmaster was
only judging superficially. At no price would he accept Dennison as a
Prefect in his house.

“I am sorry,” said Mr. Flaggon stiffly, “to be obliged to force on you
as Prefect a boy with whom you are clearly so much out of sympathy. But
I have quite made up my mind to make Dennison a school Prefect; and, of
course, if he is a school Prefect, he must be a house Prefect too.”

“In that case,” said Mr. Chowdler, scarlet with passion, “I decline to
be responsible for anything that may happen in my house.”

“Those are serious words for a housemaster to use,” said Mr. Flaggon

“They were not spoken in jest,” retorted Mr. Chowdler, as he left the
study; and, though the headmaster made no reply, he realised that
things could not go on much longer on this unsatisfactory footing.

From that moment Mr. Chowdler became a man with an obsession. The mere
mention of the name Flaggon temporarily upset his mental balance.
In all the petty annoyances of life he saw the hand of Flaggon, and
anybody who was not ready to curse Flaggon by all his gods became at
once suspect.

At Chiltern, as in all intellectual societies, the personal doings and
idiosyncrasies of its individual members formed the staple of daily
conversation; and, before the Term was two days old, Mr. Chowdler
knew that Bent and Flaggon had walked together in the holidays, taken
tea together, and, no doubt, conspired together. He never _had_ liked
Bent--a cynical egotist (all the people whom Mr. Chowdler disliked were
egotists) with dangerous principles. He shouldn’t wonder if Bent had
been poisoning the “empty one’s” mind against Cheeny. Bent always had a
grudge against _his_ boys.

Accordingly, coming across Bent one morning in the masters’
reading-room, which adjoined the Common Room, he could not resist the
impulse to attack.

“Well, Bent,” he said, in tones of forced geniality through which the
sarcasm pierced like a needle, “I’m told I ought to congratulate you
on your promotion. I hear that you have been privileged to drink deep
draughts out of the Flaggon in the holidays. I hope you found the
beverage stimulating.”

Mr. Bent had returned from his week-end in town with a chill on the
liver which made him disagreeable to his friends and offensive to his
foes. He flushed with anger, but forced himself to reply with affected

“Very, thank you. And I suppose _you_ have been rapping tables and
communicating with the spook of Old Lanchester. Did he tell you, by the
way, that I have been reading some unpublished letters of his, which
are rather sensational and upset most of your pet theories about the

It came as a perpetual surprise to Mr. Chowdler, whenever they had
words, that Bent did not know how to behave like a gentleman or answer
a civil question civilly. But this went beyond all bounds. So he drew
himself up and replied with dignity:

“I am not in the habit of answering flippant and offensive questions.”

“In that case,” said Mr. Bent, suddenly losing his self-control, “I
should advise you not to make offensive and impertinent remarks about
matters which don’t concern you.”

Which reply left Mr. Chowdler justly indignant, and confirmed him in
the belief that Bent _had_ had something to do with the rejection of



Other people than Mr. Chowdler were dissatisfied with the state of
affairs, though none expressed disapproval with quite such acrimony.
For the first time for many years the numbers in the school were down.
This was in part due to the deliberate action of the headmaster.
Veterans in the lower forms of the school had been invited to “move
on”; and the veterans were numerous. But there was another reason for
the shrinkage and one on which Mr. Chowdler and his friends were more
inclined to lay stress; namely, that several names had been withdrawn
at the eleventh hour from the January entrance list. From the nature of
its clientèle, Chiltern was affected, more than most schools, by the
gossip of the London clubs; and, in the London clubs, opinion was not
favourable to the new régime. The case of le Willow had created a most
unfortunate impression. “_I’m_ not going to send my boy to a school
where they sack for cribbing,” said one parent to another. “Cribbed
myself when I was a boy, and so did all my pals.”

“The new man’s no sportsman,” added a second, “and the boys simply
can’t stick him.”

“No more can the masters,” interjected a third. “I met one of them
in Switzerland, and, from what _he_ said, I should say the place was
simply going to pot as fast as it can.”

In Mr. Chowdler’s eyes the place undoubtedly was “going to pot.” In
season and out of season he called everybody’s attention to this
lamentable truth, and the fact that he was unable to prevent it preyed
upon his mind. It preyed to such an extent that a moment came when he
committed an act which brought on the inevitable crisis.

In the third week of Term the headmaster convened a special masters’
meeting to discuss certain matters which he considered urgent. Not only
did he convene it for the particular time at which Mr. Chowdler was
accustomed to play a round of golf, but the first item on the programme
was the question of Sunday hours.

Now the Sunday arrangements at Chiltern were perhaps unusual, but they
were hallowed by tradition and shared, in a way, the sacred character
of the day. Briefly, they left a clear break, interrupted only by tea,
between lunch at 1.30 and chapel at eight. Exact contemporaries of Mr.
Chowdler might have recalled that, in his early days, he himself had
viewed this long interval with disfavour. But it is no reproach to a
man to change his mind, and, with a riper experience, Mr. Chowdler had
learned to love and value the Chiltern Sunday. To himself it meant a
long country walk and a most refreshing snooze afterwards; but that
was not the reason why he valued it. He valued it because it was so
good for the boys; because it gave them, what no other school gives its
boys, time to know themselves, time for thought, and especially _home_
thoughts; and because it made of Sunday what Sunday ought to be, “a
morally recuperative day.” “We must put our foot down,” he said to his
colleagues; “there must be no tampering with Sunday.”

Masters’ meetings at Chiltern were held in the library. The headmaster
and the ten housemasters sat round an oak table; and others occupied
chairs wherever chairs happened to be. This disposition of forces
created a rather invidious distinction between the juniors and the ten
who often abused their position to make important remarks in tones
which were inaudible to the rest of the meeting. But the invidiousness
was felt more keenly by the juniors than by the ten. Mr. Flaggon
disliked the arrangement for other reasons. Seated at the head of
the table, _primus inter pares_, he felt uncomfortably close to the
housemasters and inconveniently removed from the rest of the staff;
and, if he wished to be heard by all, he had to raise his voice and
speak through, or over, his immediate neighbours in a way that was
unpleasant for both. He sighed for a dais and a more elevated seat,
and, accordingly, he had suggested tentatively to some of the senior
men the advisability of holding the meetings elsewhere. But the
suggestion had given genuine pain. It was unthinkable that Chiltern
masters should meet anywhere but under the portrait of Dr. Lanchester;
and the only other portrait of Dr. Lanchester was in the Great Hall, an
obviously impossible place. So, wishing to avoid unnecessary friction,
Mr. Flaggon had resigned himself to the library for the present.
Perhaps, as he sat with his back to the portrait, he was less conscious
of inspiration than his colleagues.

It was therefore from the traditional place, at the head of the oak
table, that Mr. Flaggon made the remarks which provoked a scene
memorable in the annals of Chiltern. It had been borne in upon him, he
said, by events in the preceding Term, that the long interval between
dinner and chapel was fraught with considerable danger. The danger was
obviously greater in the summer Term than in any other, when lock-up
was later; and, some time in March, he proposed to consider a complete
rearrangement of the time-table for the day. But, for the present, he
wished to make as little change as possible. He was therefore going
to ask housemasters to arrange for a preparation in their houses at
half-past four on Sundays. Tea would be at 5.30 and chapel at the usual

Mr. Chowdler had come to the meeting in the worst of tempers. Apart
from the fact that he was deeply attached to the _status quo_, he had
been deprived of his golf, and, being a man full of habit of body,
he could not afford to miss his exercise. And so, the headmaster had
scarcely finished speaking, when he broke in with no attempt to conceal
his anger.

“It has always been customary,” he said, “to consult housemasters on
matters of this kind before raising them at a general meeting.”

Mr. Flaggon lifted his eyebrows slightly, but replied quite calmly: “I
shall be glad to consider any difficulties that may be put to me in
private; but, in a matter of this kind, on which I feel very strongly,
I must decide for myself and in accordance with my own judgment.”

“Do I understand,” cried Mr. Chowdler, raising his voice and glaring at
his chief, “that we are to have this ill-considered ukase thrust down
our throats without discussion? Because, if so, let me say that that is
an indignity to which we are _not_ accustomed.”

“I think I have made it clear,” said Mr. Flaggon, “that I do not
propose to take a vote on this question, and I have stated my reasons:
I wish to see the experiment tried.”

“In that case,” said Mr. Chowdler, turning half round in his chair so
as to face his colleagues, “I, for one, shall decline to obey.”

“I have noted your refusal with extreme regret,” replied Mr. Flaggon,
so quietly that the words would hardly have been heard in the more
distant parts of the room, if it had not been for the intense silence
that prevailed. And then, before anybody had recovered from the
surprise and shock, he passed on to the second item on the programme.

The rest of the business was dispatched rapidly and without any of the
irrelevant comment which was usually a feature of masters’ meetings.
Everybody was anxious to get away, to breathe the fresh air, and to
take stock of his own and other people’s impressions.

“Chowdler’s downed him,” whispered Mr. Rankin, as the masters trooped
into the great quadrangle with grave and anxious faces.

“I don’t know,” replied the younger man thus addressed. “It can’t end
there. And,” he added, “it _ought_ not to end there.”

Whether Mr. Chowdler felt any secret misgivings, it is impossible to
say. Probably not. By dint of always speaking of “the empty one” he had
persuaded himself that Mr. Flaggon was essentially a weak, unmeritable
man who was aping the despot. Besides, Mr. Chowdler was not an adept
at self-criticism, and was quite incapable of looking at himself from
the outside. Presumably, therefore, he regarded his display of temper
as an outburst of passionate but righteousness indignation, a kind of
prophetic “Thus saith the Lord.” And, as the day ended without further
incident, he may have thought, with Mr. Rankin, that the man Flaggon
was “downed.”

But, on the morrow, two things happened which brought him face to face
with some very unpleasant facts. At first lesson a notice came round to
say that in future, on Sunday afternoons, there would be preparation
in houses at 4.30 o’clock; and, later on in the morning, he received a
letter from the headmaster couched in the following terms:


  I have put off writing till to-day in the hope that some word from
  you would enable me to take a course different from the one which the
  events of yesterday and your subsequent silence compel me to pursue.
  I hope that I shall never fear honest and outspoken criticism. But
  there are decencies to be observed without which a headmaster’s
  position becomes impossible; and your behaviour to myself yesterday
  leaves me no alternative but to assume that you intended deliberately
  to challenge my authority as headmaster. It is with a grave sense of
  responsibility and in no vindictive spirit that I feel obliged to
  request you to send in your resignation, to take effect at the end of
  the present Term.

                                                  Yours faithfully,
                                                          S. E. FLAGGON.

The first effect of this letter on Mr. Chowdler was to make him feel
as if the solid ground were crumbling away beneath him; but, the next
moment, his combative spirit reasserted itself, and, dashing to his
writing-table, he scribbled off what he afterwards described as “a calm
and dignified reply.”


  I think we may speak to each other in plain English. What you are
  pleased to call a request for my resignation, _I_ call a notice
  of dismissal. I shall therefore exercise my right of appeal (see
  “Statutes,” p. 131, Schedule D, Clause 4). The Council must decide
  between us.

                                                      Yours, etc.,
                                                            H. CHOWDLER.

Mr. Flaggon verified the reference and found that, by an old and
unrepealed regulation, Mr. Chowdler had indeed the right of appeal to
the Council against dismissal. He therefore sent the following note:


  I am informing the Chairman of the Council of my decision and of
  the reasons which have dictated it, by to-morrow evening’s post at
  latest. You must take whatever steps you think right.

                                                  Yours faithfully,
                                                          S. E. FLAGGON.

The fat, as at least half-a-dozen people said spontaneously, was in
the fire, and Chiltern could think and talk of nothing else. There
was a general agreement that Chowdler’s behaviour at the meeting had
passed the limits of decorum; but, while the seniors maintained that
the headmaster should have ignored the offence in a man whose services
to the school were so notorious and of such long standing, many of the
juniors held that, if Flaggon didn’t give old Chowdler the boot, he was
done for. There was an equal difference of opinion as to the probable
issue of the appeal. The moderates thought that there was still room
for compromise. Chowdler could withdraw his offensive remarks and
then Flaggon could withdraw his notice of dismissal. Others, who knew
Chowdler’s love of battle, were sure that he would fight it out to the
end and win. Others, again, did not see how the Council could possibly
throw over a headmaster whom they had so recently appointed.

To Mr. Plummer the whole episode was painful in the extreme, and the
ideal of a united staff seemed farther off than ever. He was torn
between two conflicting loyalties--loyalty to an official chief, and
loyalty to a senior colleague. He expressed his inner feelings to Mr.
Bent on one of their frequent walks, more from force of habit than
because he expected to find a sympathetic listener.

“Of course,” he said, “one can’t defend the way Chowdler _does_
things; and nothing could possibly have been worse than his behaviour
the other day. Still, one must remember that he has had great
provocation--_great_ provocation.”

“That’s just like you!” replied Mr. Bent. “Chowdler is for trailing his
coat across the green, and when he succeeds in tripping somebody, you
say that he has had great provocation. What provocation, pray! Name!”

“Well,” said Mr. Plummer, “there was the le Willow business to begin

“A matter of principle,” said Mr. Bent. “A headmaster who sacrificed
his principles to a Chowdler, at the first summons, wouldn’t be fit to
be a crossing-sweeper!”

“And then there was his refusal to make Cheeny Prefect,” said Mr.
Plummer doggedly.

“Again a question of principle!” cried his companion. “And you’re
talking as if Chowdler were the captain of the ship and Flaggon his
second mate.”

“No, I’m not,” said Mr. Plummer. “But, after Gussy, Chowdler’s position
under a new man was bound to be difficult, and Flaggon ought to have
made allowances; he ought to have been more tactful.”

“Tact on Chowdler,” said Mr. Bent, “is like a feather on a
hippopotamus. Chowdler doesn’t ask for tact; he demands unconditional

“Anyhow,” persisted Mr. Plummer, “though he does it badly, Chowdler
represents what many, if not most, of us feel. You know I’m not one of
the people who go shouting their criticisms on the house-tops: but,
candidly, I don’t approve of the new régime.”

“What don’t you approve of, pray?” asked Mr. Bent scornfully. “The
weeding out of the old and incompetent? the attempt to restore
discipline? the----”

“I’m not going to particularise,” said Mr. Plummer, “but I distrust
Flaggon’s whole attitude; especially in a man who has no experience.
The boys are discontented, the staff is divided, the numbers are down,
and we’re all wondering where it’s going to end.”

“‘Ye fools and uncircumcised in heart and mind,’” burst out Mr. Bent,
“‘ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.’”

“That’s blasphemous,” cried Mr. Plummer.

“I believe that’s what they said of Stephen,” replied Mr. Bent,
recovering his composure. “But, as a matter of fact, I was quoting from
an unpublished letter of Lanchester’s; and he happened to be speaking
of an eighteenth-century Chowdler.”



It was obviously to the interest of all parties that the appeal should
be settled as soon as possible. But the Council showed no haste in
coming to a decision. The delay was ominous, for it seemed to indicate
that they regarded the question as an open one.

This being so, Mr. Pounderly and several of his senior colleagues
were anxious that the staff should take combined action. There was
no doubt in Mr. Pounderly’s mind as to what form the combined action
should take. “If,” he said, “the policy of cutting off the heads of
the tallest lilies receives official sanction, it will not stop with
Chowdler. The lives and fortunes of all of us are at stake. It is most
important that at this crisis the staff should show a united front.”

It took many hours of patient argument to persuade Mr. Pounderly that
the front of the staff was not, and could not be, united; and, when the
unpalatable truth was at last forced in upon him, he went about his
daily duties once more wringing his hands and whispering, “lamentable,

However, he was to have an opportunity of expressing his own views
fully and in an influential quarter. Mr. Benison-Benison, a local
magnate and a member of the Council, had determined to get to the
bottom of things for himself. Mr. Benison-Benison was one of those
honest and incapable men whom the British public delights to honour,
and his idea of getting to the bottom of things was to give an
impartial hearing to one side only. It was the method he had always
adopted in forming his opinions on political or theological questions;
and he prided himself on his freedom from prejudice. “I always make a
point of studying any controversial topic,” he would say, “before I
make up my mind about it.” Consequently, when he set to work to master
the Chiltern problem, he could think of no better way of doing so
than by interviewing personally Mr. Chowdler and his friends. At much
physical inconvenience to himself, for he was crippled at the moment
by rheumatism, he drove over to Chiltern, had a long talk with Mr.
Chowdler, and, at that gentleman’s suggestion, had separate interviews
also with Mr. Pounderly, Mr. Black, Mr. Beadle, and some others of the
faction. And, as a result of it all, he carried away “a very strong
impression” that Mr. Chowdler stood for the best interests of the
school, that Mr. Flaggon was the wrong man in the wrong place, and that
the masters, as a body, would be very glad to see the last of him. And
this impression received a striking corroboration from an entirely
unprejudiced quarter. Mr. Benison-Benison had occasion to call, on
his return journey, at Thrale’s, the local motor and motor-cycle
shop; and, in answer to some discreet feelers, Mr. Thrale became
voluble and stated confidently that Mr. Flaggon was letting down the
school “terrible” and ruining the town, and that the citizens looked
confidently to the Council to set matters straight over “this here
appeal that they talk of.”

But, while the issue was still in doubt and Chiltern was humming with
excited gossip, events occurred which turned all thoughts for the
moment into other channels.

Mr. Chase, acting on the advice of the headmaster, had written in
December to the parents of three of his new boys, asking them to find
out, in the course of the holidays, whether the moral tone of the house
was in a healthy condition; and, if anything was wrong, to communicate
confidentially with him. In each case he had received a formal
acknowledgment of his letter, and, as nothing further had come of it,
his mind was at ease. And then, suddenly, a bolt fell from the blue.
Mr. Chase received one morning an eight-page letter, marked private
and confidential, which made him turn very pale and entirely took away
his appetite for breakfast. The writer of this letter related that he
had, during the holidays, put certain questions to his son, and, after
some pressing, had extracted from him a story which showed that, from
the moral point of view, the school generally and Mr. Chase’s house in
particular were in a very bad state. The boy, however, had implored him
not to say anything to the authorities, as the two worst offenders had
left at Christmas and things were certain to be much better next Term.
He had, however, by that morning’s post, received a letter from his
boy, which revived all his anxieties. The boy wrote that he was very
unhappy and wanted to be taken away. “Under these circumstances,” the
father concluded, “I feel bound, in the interests of the school as well
as of my own child, to take you into my confidence; and I have written
you a full account of all that I know. I only beg that, in whatever
steps you take, you will manage to keep my boy’s name out of it.
Dislike of being an informer, and fear of the possible consequences to
himself, naturally weigh very heavily on him. But, clearly, something
must be done, and done at once; and, if you wish it, I am quite
prepared to come to Chiltern myself and see you about the matter.”

Mr. Chase read the letter several times with a strong sensation of
physical nausea, and sat for a while afterwards in his study trying
to think. When the first shock had passed off, he began to cherish a
hope that the boy might perhaps have exaggerated. Now that he came to
think of it, it struck him that the boy _was_ rather an excitable boy
and, very likely, inclined to be hysterical. But he was an honourable
man; and, though the facts, as related, were a reflection on his own
competence, he carried the letter straight to the headmaster.

Mr. Flaggon guessed what must be passing in his colleague’s mind, and
his manner was both sympathetic and cordial. He thanked Mr. Chase
warmly for having taken him at once into his confidence; and, together,
the two men discussed what ought to be done. Should the father be
invited to come to Chiltern and procure further and yet more detailed
information, or should they act at once? Mr. Flaggon thought that there
was danger in delay. The boy might become frightened and retract,
or, possibly, give a hint of what was brewing to a friend. “Our best
chance,” he said, “of getting at the whole truth is to strike at once
while the offenders are off their guard; and, if the facts are as
they have been stated, we have enough to go upon. Besides, if the
father comes down and sees his son, everybody will guess the source
of our information; and we are bound in honour to keep the boy’s
secret.” Mr. Chase agreed; and, accordingly, that evening after locking
up, the headmaster went to Mr. Chase’s house and held a searching
inquiry. Before it was over, he knew a great many things that he had
not known before, and realised how very vile, under its deceptive
light-heartedness, life can be in a bad house in a bad school.

Next morning, at first lesson, a rumour spread through a startled
school that three of the most prominent Chaseites had been summarily
expelled, and that others were to leave at the end of the Term: and Mr.
Chase, who looked as though all joy had gone out of life, confirmed
the news to his colleagues. Mr. Flaggon had determined to address the
school that evening after chapel; but, before he could do so, fresh
developments occurred which decided him to wait a little longer. For,
in the course of the day, Dennison, the newly appointed Prefect,
appeared in his study with a pale face and twitching hands, and asked
if he might speak confidentially. The permission was readily granted,
and Dennison proceeded to unburden his soul. Everybody, he said, had
known for a long time that Chase’s house was “rotten,” but he was
afraid his own house was not much better. Since he had been Prefect,
he thought there had been an improvement; but, a week ago, he heard of
something which had made him very miserable. He didn’t dare to tell
Mr. Chowdler; and, though he had been within an ace, more than once,
of asking the headmaster for advice, he had never quite made up his
mind to do so. It was impossible to get the Prefects to act together,
because a Prefect was himself involved, and the others wouldn’t give
him away. He had spent sleepless nights worrying over the business;
but now he felt that he must make a clean breast of the whole matter.
He wanted to do his duty; but he funked--there was no other word for
it--the deadly unpopularity which was certain to be the result.

Mr. Flaggon first talked the boy into a calmer mood and then showed
him, quietly and sympathetically, what his duty was. He must remove the
seal of confidence and endure the unpopularity. The moral welfare of
countless boys, present and to come, was at stake. And so, before he
left the study, Dennison had braced himself to the most difficult act
of courage that a boy can be called on to perform--namely, to defy a
traditional code of honour and to face social ostracism.

An inquiry into Mr. Chowdler’s house was necessarily a much more
difficult business than an inquiry into Mr. Chase’s. It was obviously
impossible for the headmaster to take Mr. Chowdler into his confidence;
so, boys had to be sent for separately and interviewed in his own
study. There was much coming and going, much leakage of knowledge and
consequent reticence or denial. Mr. Flaggon felt that he had never
sifted things quite to the bottom. But Dennison stuck to his guns; and,
in the end, two boys, one of whom was a Prefect, were expelled at once,
and four others were told that they must leave at the end of the Term.

In the Prefect, Mr. Flaggon had long ago recognised one of the three
youths who had impressed him so unfavourably on his first visit to
Chiltern. In spite of the clearest evidence, this boy persisted in
asserting his innocence, and on hearing his sentence he attempted a
piece of insolent bluff.

“I shall appeal to Mr. Chowdler,” he said, “and, if he keeps me, I
shall stay.”

Mr. Flaggon made no reply, but stepped quickly to the telephone.
“Number 92 A ... is the police inspector in? ... no? will he be in at
six o’clock this evening?... Thanks. I may have to give somebody into
custody.... No thanks, there’s no immediate hurry ... if I want him
then, I’ll ring him up.”

And before he had readjusted the receiver, the boy, with a white face,
blurted out, “All right, sir, don’t do that. I’ll go at once.” And he
left the study with his tail between his legs.

And on the following morning the school were summoned into the Great
Hall at the end of first lesson and heard some words which nobody ever
forgot. Anybody but Mr. Chowdler would have been overwhelmed by the
sudden discovery of his own blindness; for, in the two boys who had to
leave so abruptly and for such hideous offences, he had always seen the
true Chiltern type, the best product of the Lanchester tradition. But
Mr. Chowdler was not an ordinary man. For a short time indeed he did
feel as if the solid ground were crumbling again under his feet; but,
within a few days, he had persuaded himself, first, that if there _had_
been mischief in his house it was because “the man Flaggon” had taken
the control of it out of the proper hands; secondly, that boys had been
bullied into confessing to crimes that they had never committed; and,
thirdly, that there had been a great deal of hysteria and exaggeration
about the whole business.

On this occasion, however, Mr. Chowdler found but few disciples. Mr.
Flaggon’s prompt and fearless handling of the affair, the words which
he had spoken to the school, his genuine hatred of the evil thing
and, with it all, his buoyant faith in the ultimate triumph of good
influences, had made a deep impression on the masters. They realised
that, in spite of youth and inexperience, the new headmaster was a man;
and not a few of them felt that they had themselves been culpably blind.

“It’s no good,” said one of the younger men, who taught a low form in
the school, “it’s no good saying that we didn’t see and couldn’t be
expected to see. We _ought_ to have seen; the evidence was all around
us. Why, there are three kids in my form--new last Term--who are
different men since this came out; different in their work and their
manner and everything. It’s like people waking up from a nightmare.”

“And there’s one in my form,” said Mr. Rankin, “who goes about looking
as if he were going to be hanged. I guess he’s got something pretty
heavy on his conscience, and he’s mortally afraid of being swept into
the net.”

But there was one point on which opinion was not so unanimous. What
would be the effect on the reputation of the school of all these
drastic expulsions? Would not intending parents take fright? With
numbers already down, was this root-and-branch method altogether
wise--and was it really necessary?

Mr. Plummer shared these doubts; and he expressed them to Mr. Bent as
they stood, one bleak afternoon in March, on the Sow’s Back, looking
over a grey and cheerless landscape.

“Of course,” he said, “I recognise that Flaggon has come out of all
this extraordinarily well, and has taught us all a great deal. Nothing,
I’m sure, could have been more impressive than the way he spoke to the
school, and I shall remember it as long as I live. But, I must say, I
don’t quite like this relentless pruning. Five boys on the spot, and
ten more at the end of the Term! It looks as if we were forgetting that
it’s our duty to save as well as to punish.”

“I know,” said Mr. Bent; “the parable of the lost sheep. But that
parable, my dear Plummer, was never meant for schoolmasters; _we_ need
to be reminded of our duty to the ninety and nine--we’re always ready
enough to play the rôle of good shepherd. Besides, you know the sequel.”

“What sequel?” asked Mr. Plummer.

“Don’t you know,” replied Mr. Bent, “that a month afterwards the lost
sheep, having acquired a taste for adventures, trotted off into the
wilderness again, taking with him this time the rest of the flock,
twenty-five per cent. of whom got eaten by wolves and never were heard
of more? No, my dear Plummer, it’s too risky.”

“But one _must_ take risks,” insisted Mr. Plummer, “if one is to do
anything that is worth doing: and, to refuse to take risks when there’s
a chance of saving anybody seems to me sheer cowardice.”

“Ah yes,” said Mr. Bent, “true enough, if the risk were _our_ risk--a
danger to you and me. But it isn’t. The danger is to the other
boys--the boys who are here and the boys who are coming. If you want
to make a public school a reformatory, you ought to be honest with
the parents; you ought to say to them frankly, ‘I am keeping such
and such boys, whom I know to be dangerous, because I think that the
companionship of _your_ son may possibly do them good.’ What d’you
suppose the parents would say to that? What d’you imagine any of _our_
married colleagues would say, if you proposed to plant a reformatory
lad in the middle of their young families, because you felt sure it
would be good for _him_ and you weren’t going to be scared by the
risks? Answer me that!”

“There are reformatories and reformatories,” replied Mr. Plummer
sententiously. “Anyhow,” he added, as the dust-laden wind swept down
the road, “the prospect is gloomy--and I shouldn’t wonder if we had
some snow.”



One evening, a week after this conversation, Mr. Bent received a
summons to see the headmaster in his study after dinner; so, putting
on his great-coat, for the wind was still blowing keenly from the
north-east, he repaired to the Prætorium. Mr. Flaggon was seated at his
table, writing letters, but he waved his guest into an armchair and
wheeled his own chair round to face the fire.

“I have to make arrangements for next Term,” he began, with an
abruptness that was characteristic. “I am assuming that I shall be here
and that Chowdler will have gone. In that case I want you to take his

Mr. Bent was not altogether unprepared for his offer, though he had
never allowed his thoughts to dwell much on the subject. He paused for
a few moments before replying:

“It won’t be a bed of roses--at least at first; but a year ago I
should not have hesitated for a moment. To-day I know my limitations
better, and I am not sure whether I have the necessary qualities.”

Mr. Flaggon eyed him keenly for a moment, and then said:

“I think you are more fitted for the post than anyone else here--if you
will follow your better nature.”

“Then I will do my best,” said Mr. Bent, “and trust that my better
nature will pull me through.”

There was a pause before Mr. Flaggon began again, somewhat hesitatingly:

“I think, perhaps, that it would be better if this matter were kept
private between us two--for the present at all events. I am thinking
chiefly of your own position.”

“You mean,” said Mr. Bent, “that, if certain things happen, I shall cut
a better figure if I am found seated on the top of the fence than if I
have come down definitely on the wrong side.”

Mr. Flaggon smiled. “I suppose I meant something of the kind,” he
said, “though I didn’t put it to myself quite in that way. The truth
is that I am not at all sure about the future. I have every right
to assume that the Council will support me against Chowdler; but,
strictly between ourselves, they seem to be hesitating, and I have been
approached lately with suggestions of a compromise. I can accept no
compromise. Its not a question of my own dignity--though a public man
has to consider that too: but, if I am not to be headmaster _de facto_
as well as _de jure_, I can serve no useful purpose by remaining here;
and I shall go.”

“In that case,” said Mr. Bent, “there is no need for secrecy; for, if
you go, I shall go too.”

The headmaster coloured slightly. Ever since he had been at Chiltern,
and especially in the last few weeks, he had felt his isolation and
aloofness as no inconsiderable part of the burden. The sudden sense of
fellowship sent a warm glow through his veins; but he repressed his
emotion and replied gravely:

“I hope you won’t do that; you mustn’t do that. It is quite
unnecessary, and it would damage the school.”

Mr. Bent got up from his chair, and, all unconsciously, began to pace
about the room. His feelings were such that he could not express them
adequately in a sitting posture.

“I’m not speaking on the spur of the moment,” he began. “My mind was
made up long before I came into this study and received your offer. For
fifteen years I’ve lived in an atmosphere of bunkum and make-believe
that have no relation to facts. That kind of thing is bound to make a
man either a humbug or a cynic. It has very nearly made me a cynic;
and, though it’s very amusing to be a cynic, it isn’t good for one’s
immortal soul. If one’s to be a live man, one must have something
definite to do--something that one can believe in and work for. I _can_
appreciate and work for your ideals--decency, order, and an education
that--that is educational. I know that I shan’t approve of all your
methods--I’m Oxford, and much too critical for that--and you won’t
expect it of me. But I cannot endure to sink back again into unreality.
I have enough to live on; not much but enough; and I can always get
work--tutoring or anything. But I _will_ not face another fifteen years
of the off-theory and Chowdler’s version of the Lanchester tradition. I
say,” he added suddenly, “I must apologise. In my excitement I’ve been
forgetting my manners.”

The two men shook hands warmly at parting, and Mr. Flaggon was betrayed
into something that very closely resembled a confidence.

“Of course,” he said, “the long delay _is_ rather trying.”

But the long delay was coming to an end, and the day of decision
was fixed at last. Mr. Flaggon learnt it from the Chairman of the
Council; Mr. Chowdler and the masters were informed “privately and
confidentially” by Mr. Benison-Benison, and the boys heard of it from
the masters’ wives.

On the morning of the fateful day, Mr. Flaggon looked down the
long rows of bowed heads in chapel with peculiar feelings. He was
something of a fatalist, believing, as he did, that there is special
Providence in the fall of a sparrow, and that a man is false to his
duty, however hazardous that duty may be, if he allows himself to
dwell on the possibility of failure. But he could not help wondering,
that morning, whether he would ever sit in his place again and feel
that his life’s work lay there before him, and that he had the power
to do it. In the last few weeks Chiltern had become to him something
much more concrete than it had been before, something that stirred
his affections and appealed to his sympathy. While searching in dark
places for the roots of the parasite that was strangling the life of
the place, he had discovered the germs of much that was healthy and
even noble--individual heroisms, boys ready, at a moment’s call, to do
a man’s work, knees which in the face of fierce temptation had never
bowed to Baal; and, with all its capacity for evil, he had realised the
immense possibilities for good in schoolboy nature. He was conscious,
too, of a change of attitude on the part of the staff. Rather shyly,
rather awkwardly, many, especially the younger men, had made it clear
to him by voice and manner and gesture that they were with him. There
was an irony in the fate which might give him the summons to quit at
the very moment when he had secured a firm grip of the school and
proved his right to rule. _Might_ give? Very probably _would_ give;
for, in his heart of hearts, he had no great faith in the Council that
was to pronounce judgment.

And, a few hours later, the councillors were assembling at Grandborough
to decide between the headmaster and his rebellious lieutenant. Most
of them had come with their minds more than half made up. That Mr.
Chowdler’s conduct had exceeded the courtesies of debate there could
be no doubt; and, under ordinary circumstances, they would have been
shy of interfering between a headmaster and one of his assistants. But
the circumstances were not ordinary; and the men who were called upon
to judge them were much influenced by the opinion, commonly expressed
in Society (with a capital S), that the new headmaster was a failure
and was letting the school down rapidly. They gathered, too, from Mr.
Benison-Benison that this was also the opinion of the masters. And,
again, they had been much alarmed by the recent troubles. Rumour had
put the number of expulsions at 150; and, though the councillors were
now in possession of the correct figures, the impression remained that
Chiltern, which had once seemed to be founded on a rock, was crumbling
away before their very eyes.

“How do you intend to vote?” said Canon Braintree to Sir Arthur Tysoe,
as they entered the assembly room at the “Blue Boar,” which always
served as Council chamber.

“I shall vote,” said Sir Arthur, “for any compromise that will save the
assistant; he seems to be the better man. And you?”

“I shall vote against the headmaster,” replied the Canon; “of course,
it will mean his resignation, and may make us look a little foolish in
the eyes of the world. Still, when one has made a mistake, the most
courageous course is to undo it as soon as possible.”

When the councillors had got through a little preliminary chatting,
they took their seats round the long mahogany table and the Chairman
opened the proceedings.

“The business before us to-day,” he began, “is to consider an appeal
from the Rev. Henry Chowdler, assistant master at Chiltern, against
a notice of dismissal, received from the headmaster on the 15th
of February last, to take effect on and after the 7th of April
proximo. In accordance with Schedule D, Clause 4 of the ‘Statutes and
Regulations,’ ‘any housemaster, or other master, not being a dancing,
writing or fencing master, who shall have completed fifteen years of
continuous service on the staff’ possesses this right. As Mr. Chowdler
is one of the boarding-house masters at Chiltern and the headmaster
has confirmed the notice of dismissal in writing to your Chairman, the
appeal is in order. But you are no doubt aware that, under Schedule
E, Clause 7, sub-section _b_, the Council is empowered to refuse
cognisance of such an appeal, if it so thinks fit. This is a curious
provision, and was inserted, I believe, at a time when Dr. Lanchester,
who enjoyed the entire confidence of his Council, was having trouble
with his staff. The first question therefore before us is, whether or
no the Council will accept cognisance of the Rev. Henry Chowdler’s
appeal; and our decision in no way prejudices any subsequent action we
may take when, and if, we proceed to consider the appeal on its own

The Chairman had rattled off his opening remarks with the volubility
of a man who is accustomed to get through business quickly. He paused
for breath and was about to add that, as the motion was presumably a
merely formal one, he supposed there was no need for discussing it,
when the Bishop intervened.

Somebody has said that no cause is irretrievably doomed until the
Bishop of Grandborough has made it his own. Like all epigrams, this
statement is only partially true; for the Bishop has championed many
winning causes, good as well as bad. But his warmest admirers admit
that, as a leader, he is more successful in putting heart into his
followers than in winning over waverers.

“Technically,” he began, “our Chairman is correct, and the motion does
not prejudge the main issue; but, practically, it raises at once, and
in an acute form, the question of confidence or no confidence in the
headmaster. If we had merely to decide between Mr. Flaggon and Mr.
Chowdler, there could be no doubt as to what our decision would be;
for every man in authority has a right to be supported against unruly
subordinates. But we have not met here to judge between Mr. Flaggon and
his subordinate. We are all aware that we have met to decide whether it
is right or expedient that Mr. Flaggon should continue to be headmaster
at all. That is an unfortunate position for us to be in, and, if my
advice had been taken last July, we should have avoided it. But we must
take the situation as we find it and face it boldly. In my opinion Mr.
Flaggon ought never to have been appointed and ought not now to be
continued in his office; and I have with me convincing proofs to clinch
my argument.”

Here the Bishop produced a large blue magazine, and held it up to show
that there was no deception.

“In this magazine,” he continued, tapping the cover, “there is an
article by the Rev. Septimus Flaggon, entitled ‘Inspiration.’ When it
was first brought to my notice, some weeks ago, I wrote at once to Mr.
Flaggon to ask him whether he acknowledged the alleged authorship,
and, if so, whether he was prepared to disavow certain passages in it,
which I had marked with a blue pencil. Mr. Flaggon replied that the
article in question had been written several years ago, but that, after
re-reading it carefully, he saw nothing in it to retract. That being
so, I propose to read you certain passages, from which you will be able
to judge for yourselves whether the writer is a man who can safely
be entrusted with the spiritual guidance of the young in a Church of
England school.”

The Chairman here pointed out that Mr. Flaggon’s theological opinions
were irrelevant to the question at issue, namely, whether or no the
Council should take cognisance of Mr. Chowdler’s appeal. But the Bishop
was not to be stopped.

“You will see the relevance,” he said, “when I have finished.” And he
proceeded to read out the incriminating passages. To about half the
Council they seemed of the mildest and most harmless nature; and one of
the members said bluntly:

“I see no reason why a headmaster should not hold these views, and
preach them too if he likes. If we are going to begin heresy-hunting, I
believe we shall make a grave mistake.”

The discussion, having once been launched on these troubled waters,
was developed at great length and with ever-increasing acrimony.
Inspiration was a subject which Mr. Benison-Benison had made his own
and on which other members of the Council felt strongly. In vain the
Chairman tried to recall the meeting to the real point at issue. He
had to give way before the demands of human nature, and accept the
inevitable. When at last the question was put, the voting went on
strictly theological lines; with the result that the numbers for and
against were exactly equal.

The Chairman hesitated. On the one hand he saw the unwisdom of
practically installing Mr. Chowdler as permanent Mayor of the Palace
at Chiltern. On the other hand, if Mr. Flaggon were going to empty
the school, the financial situation would become difficult, and it
might be better to do at once, what would probably have to be done
later--namely, force his resignation.

The Bishop noted his hesitation, shrugged his shoulders impatiently,
and whispered something to his neighbour. The words were inaudible, but
the Chairman guessed their purport and his hesitation vanished.

“The question before us,” he said, “being whether or no the Council
will take cognisance of the appeal of the Rev. Henry Chowdler, and
the ayes and noes being equally divided, I cast my vote in favour of
the noes. As we have no further business to transact, the Council is
adjourned to the 21st of June next, when I hope that the plans and
estimates for the new sheds and pig-stye, to be erected on the boundary
field, will be ready for approval.”



Mr. Chowdler took the blow standing. “What else could you expect,” he
said contemptuously, “from such a Council! Like master, like man!”
He did not even break down when his house gave him an ovation at
prayers, such as might have greeted a conqueror. It was not so much a
demonstration against the headmaster as a display of tribal loyalty to
a fallen chief; and it had its touch of chivalry.

Mrs. Chowdler was completely bewildered. She could not understand how
anybody, having to choose between Harry and that dreadful Mr. Flaggon,
could fail to choose Harry. But she played up to her husband nobly.
“Of course,” she said, “we never expected anything else; but Harry
felt that it was his duty to give the Council a last chance of saving
the school. They have rejected it, and that is the end of Chiltern.”
Needless to say, nobody contradicted her, and she was the object of
much silent sympathy.

Some people supposed, and many hoped, that, when the verdict was given
against him, Mr. Chowdler would leave at once or at least withdraw from
active life; and the headmaster allowed it to be known in the Chowdler
circle, through Mr. Chase, that if such a step were contemplated
everything would be done to make it easy. But Mr. Chowdler preferred
to die fighting. In deference to the entreaties of his friends, he
did indeed absent himself from masters’ meetings; but, otherwise, his
presence was as much felt, his voice as often heard, as ever. No martyr
has ever stood at the stake with a prouder or more defiant mien.

Now a martyrdom is always an unpleasant business for others than the
victim; and one of the spectators who felt the unpleasantness most
acutely was Mr. Bent. Mr. Bent repudiated the title of sportsman, but
he had scruples and susceptibilities of his own. As unacknowledged heir
to Mr. Chowdler’s house he found his position a delicate one, and he
hesitated to proclaim his right to the succession while Mr. Chowdler
was so very much alive. It would have been comparatively easy to speak
the word while the battle was still raging and the issue in doubt; but
he had missed the psychological moment, and to speak it now, smacked
too much of a mean triumph over a fallen foe. Therefore, when people
wondered in his presence who would succeed to the house, he held his
peace and felt a little like a boy who had committed an offence and
fears to own up to it. The situation was particularly awkward, because
it was high time that he should be making arrangements for moving in;
and the holidays were short.

His friend Plummer put a finger, inadvertently, one afternoon on the
raw place and received a disagreeable shock.

“I wonder,” he said, “who will get Chowdler’s house. It’s very tactful
of Flaggon to keep it in abeyance; but he’ll _have_ to make the
appointment soon--certainly before the end of Term.”

“Perhaps it’ll be _me_,” said Mr. Bent, colouring slightly.

“Impossible!” cried Mr. Plummer in a voice of genuine alarm. “You’re
joking, I hope.”

“Why impossible, pray?” asked Mr. Bent, in tones of unusual chilliness.

“Why, because ...” replied Mr. Plummer irritably, “... it’s really very
difficult to explain ... but of all people you’re the very last who
ought to succeed Chowdler. Think what people would say!”

“_What_ would they say?” asked Mr. Bent doggedly.

The task of enlightening an obtuse friend as to what people are saying
of him is a delicate one; and Mr. Plummer couldn’t help thinking that
Bent was singularly and unexpectedly obtuse.

“Well, of course,” he began, “it _has_ been said by ill-natured
people--when you became a Flaggonite, you know, and seemed to be seeing
a good deal of him, that.... Well, in fact, that you had an axe of your
own to grind, and wanted----”

“The women, I suppose,” interrupted Mr. Bent.

“I expect so,” Mr. Plummer admitted.

Mr. Bent had always suspected that something of this kind would be
said. But it is one thing to have disagreeable suspicions, and another
to hear them confirmed. He looked pained, and said after a short pause:

“And do you believe it?”

“Of course not,” cried Mr. Plummer. “Nobody who knows you would believe
anything so ridiculous for the moment.”

“Then I don’t see why I should mind,” said Mr. Bent.

“But, my dear fellow,” protested Mr. Plummer, “you can surely see ...
and then there are the boys. Have you thought about them? Everybody
knows--or at least thinks--that you have a special ‘down’ on that
house; and the boys----”

“You mean they’ll fight?” suggested Mr. Bent.

“Undoubtedly,” replied his friend.

“Good!” cried Mr. Bent. “Excellent! Then there’ll _be_ a fight; that’s
all. It will be the making of me; and, by the Lord Harry, I’ll smash

There was only one other incident in the Term that could be called at
all sensational. At the last masters’ meeting, about a week before the
holidays, Mr. Flaggon distributed some printed papers, which were found
to be a rough draft of the summer hours for Sunday, and a proposed new
curriculum. “I meant you to have these before,” he said, “but I fear I
have been too busy. I propose to discuss the whole question early next

Mr. Beadle buried his head in his hands but said nothing; and almost
everybody felt a slight shock of pained surprise. This was surely
pushing the claims of the conqueror ungenerously far! They had accepted
their new headmaster--had even begun to discover qualities in him which
extorted admiration. But they expected that he, in his turn, would
make concessions, come at least part of the way to meet them; whereas,
to choose this particular moment for securing their tacit assent to
disputed principles, seemed an unfair use of a delicate situation and
peculiar circumstances. And it was inevitable that they should think
so; for, as Mr. Bent observed, they could not understand that what
they were willing to accept as the end, was to Mr. Flaggon only the

The remaining days of the Term lingered like an unwelcome guest who
does not know how to take his leave. Everybody was nervously anxious
to have got through without further shocks or excitement, to close
a tragic chapter and plunge into the waters of oblivion before
beginning a new page. For the strain of the past weeks had been almost

And the end came at length, and in a gloom that made the last chapel
seem like a funeral service. Dotted about among the congregation were
the boys who were leaving under a cloud, and, in his stall on the south
wall of the nave, sat Mr. Chowdler, red, unhappy, and defiant. Though
he was convinced of the necessity, Mr. Flaggon could not but feel the
pity of it all; indeed, for a moment, he experienced the sensations
of a humane executioner in the presence of his victims. And worse was
to come. For, as he knelt for the last time in the school chapel,
Mr. Chowdler was suddenly overpowered by his emotions, and his broad
shoulders shook with the sobs that he was powerless to control. It was
not remorse; it was not even regret for anything he had done. Something
there was of the bitterness of defeat, and something of the grief of
a sanguine man who has lost an only child. Mr. Chowdler had loved
Chiltern with all the strength of a robust and unimaginative nature;
and, in a few short months, he had seen his roots in the past and his
heritage in the future destroyed, utterly and for ever. The holy places
had been defiled and Jerusalem made a heap of stones.

The headmaster saw and understood; and he had to make an unusual effort
before he was able to pronounce the blessing.

With the departure of Mr. Chowdler the Lanchester tradition, according
to one school of thought, received its death-blow. According to
another, it was really disinterred and given a new lease of life; and a
pamphlet containing some hitherto unpublished letters of the great man,
which can be obtained at the school stationer’s, lends some colour to
this view.

What Mr. Flaggon made of Chiltern and how Mr. Bent fared with his
house, may, possibly, be told hereafter. For the present we will leave
them to fight out their battles under the eyes of watchful colleagues
and the shadow of Dr. Lanchester’s statue in the great quadrangle.




[1] The Badger = Mr. Bent; the Mink = Mr. Grady.


  Italicized text is surrounded by underscores: _italics_.

  Obvious typographical errors have been corrected.

  Inconsistencies in hyphenation have been standardized.

  Archaic or variant spelling has been retained.

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