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Title: History of the Reformation - Struggles of the Reformation.
Author: John Calvin
Language: English

00005-0003 Struggles of the Reformation. Chapter 1
 
CHAPTER 1.

EFFORTS IN THE PAYS DE VAUD. (1521.)

Uses of Opposition — Conciliation needful — Stagnation and new Struggles — Vaud and Geneva — Farel — His Portrait — Greatness of the beginnings of the Reform — The General prepares for Conquest — Fabri visits Farel — Farel desires to return to the Combat — The Indulgence Seller at Orbe — Farel preaches the Pardon of the Savior — Friar Michael aroused against him — His first and second Sermon — Hollard gives the lie — He is severely beaten

CHAPTER 2.

PLOT OF THE WOMEN AGAINST REFORM; FAREL’S PREACHING. (1531.)

The Bailiff of Berne arrives at Orbe — The Monk in Prison — Romain compelled to run for his Life — Beaten by the Women — Intercession in the Monk’s favor — Farel arrives at Orbe — Tumult — Plot of the Women — Friar Michael’s Examination — Michael liberated and Farel preaches — Singular Congregation- Procession and Sermon — Farel preaches on Penance, Indulgences, Confession, Images, and a Worldly Life — Farel hard to please with regard to the Ministry

CHAPTER 3.

A NEW REFORMER AND AN IMAGE-BREAKER. (1531.)

Pierre Viret goes to Paris — Converted and returns to Orbe — His Straggles — Conversion of his Parents — Farel and Viret — Viret preaches at Orbe — The Peter, Paul, and John of Switzerland — Conversion of Elizabeth d’Arnex — Conversion of a Priest — The Lord’s Supper at Orbe — All the Images thrown down — Arrest of the Priests — The Banneret appeals to the People — Release of the Priests — The Iconoclasts imprisoned

CHAPTER 4.

THE BATTLES OF GRANDSON. (1531-32.)

Malady of petty Questions — Farel’s Wisdom — How he raised Recruits — War-cries of the Reformers — Farel marches to Battle — Battle of Grandson in 1476 — Farel tamed out by the Grey Friars — Straggle in the Benedictine Convent — The Church opened to the Reformers — The Reformers imprisoned — Reinforcements from Yverdun and Lausanne — The Grey-Friar’s Sermon — Fresh Struggle beginning — The Sentinel-Monks — Conspiracy of the devout Women — Conversion of the Monks — Christmas Festival at Orbe — Disorders of the Catholics — Council of the Reformed — First Act of Religious Liberty

CHAPTER 5.

THE WALDENSES APPEAR. (1526 TO OCTOBER 1532.)

The Waldenses enquire about the Reform — Deputation to Ecolampadius. Confession of the Barbes — Origin of the Waldenses — Marriage — Work — The Mass — Natural Strength — Brotherly Love of Ecolampadius — Proposals for a Synod — Martyrdom of Masson — Farel’s Danger — His Journey and Arrival in the Valleys — Conversations — Opening of the Synod — Election and Works — Farel’s Opinions gain ground — Discussion on Compromises-Harmony between the Waldensians and Reformers — Old Waldensian manuscripts — Translation of the Bible determined upon — Farel desires to go to Geneva

CHAPTER 6.

PLANS OF THE EMPEROR, THE DUKE OF SAVOY, AND THE BISHOP AGAINST GENEVA. (1530-32.)

Bellegarde arrives at Augsburg — His Audience with Charles V. — The Emperor’s Anxieties — His Answer — Bellegarde’s Letter to the Duke of Savoy — His Designs against Geneva — Revolutionary Measures — The Bishop sends his Secretary to Geneva — His constant Agitation and Anger — His displeasure against B. Hugues — Charles V. orders Geneva to expel the Sectarians — The Zwing-Uri of Geneva — Freedom in sight

CHAPTER 7.

THE REFORMERS AND THE REFORMATION ENTER GENEVA. (OCTOBER 1532.)

Farel and Saunier go to Geneva — Farel consults Olivetan — Farel calls upon the Huguenot Leaders — They go to hear Farel — He shows them their Deficiencies — Farel and his Hearers — Sensation in the City — His second Lecture and its Effects — The Women of Geneva opposed to the Reform- Farel before the Town Council — The Council divided — The name of Berne protects him — The Episcopal Council deliberates — Conspiracy against Farel — Farel summoned before Clergy

CHAPTER 8.

THE REFORMERS ARE EXPELLED FROM GENEVA. (OCTOBER 1532.)

Farel before the Episcopal Council — Speech of the Official — Veigy’s Invectives — Farel’s Answer — A clerical Tumult — Syndic Hugues interposes — Danger of Farel and his Friends — Olard tries to shoot Farel — Farel turned out of Geneva — A Storm — A Priest tries to stab Farel — He is protected by the Magistrates — Farel’s Departure

CHAPTER 9.

A JOURNEY TO THE VALLEYS OF PIEDMONT, AND STRUGGLES NEAR NEUCHATEL. (END OF 1532.)

Farel desires to send Froment to Geneva — Recollections of their common Dangers — Olivetan requested to translate the Bible — He fears the Critics — Olivetan departs for the Valleys — An inhospitable Woman — Olivetan and his three sick Friends — A Monk of St. Bernard — Olivetan in the Valley — Neuchatel — A Fight in the Church — Decree of the Council — A strange Christmas Festival — The Cure heads the Battle — A Christmas Sermon — Lode — The Oxen of the Brenets

CHAPTER 10.

THE SCHOOLMASTER AND CLAUDINE LEVET. (NOVEMBER AND DECEMBER 1532.)

Froment departs for Geneva — Bad Reception at first — Desires to leave the City — His Prospectus Great Success — Froment Teaches — Difference between Rome and the Reform — The bewitched Paula takes Claudine to bear Froment — Claudine crosses herself and listens — Shut up three days and three nights with the Gospel — Her Conscience finds Peace — Her Conversion and Interview with Froment

CHAPTER 11.

FORMATION OF THE CHURCH. FRIENDS AND OPPONENTS. (MIDDLE TO THE END OF DECEMBER 1532.)

The Bishop’s Anger — Progress of the Gospel — Claudine lays aside her costly attire — The Ladies of Geneva — Conversion of many of them — Little Assemblies — The Church without form and the Church formed — A Monk preaches the Gospel — Th. Moine and a Sermon at the Madeleine — Four Huguenots demand a Disputation — Discussion with the Vicar — The Armed Priests — Tumult at the Madeleine — The Vicar of St. Germain’s — Froment forbidden to preach — St. Sylvester’s Eve

CHAPTER 12.

THE SERMON AT THE MOLARD. (NEW YEAR’S DAY, 1533.)

Crowd at Froment’s Lodgings — He is called to preach at the Molard — Invites the People to pray — His Text — Sermon at the Molard — The Interruption — The False Prophets — God the sole Judge — The Magistrates interfere — Froment’s Escape and Concealment — Meeting of the Council — Serious posture of Affairs — Froment assaulted — Forced to leave Geneva

CHAPTER 13.

HOLY SCRIPTURE AND THE LORD’S SUPPER AT GENEVA. (JANUARY AND FEBRUARY 1533.)

Romish Reaction — Friar Bocquet sent away — Baudichon de la Maisonneuve — Evangelical Meetings — Two kinds of Protestantism — Olivetan’s Work — Translation of the Bible — The Word and the Sacrament — Guerin — First Sacrament at Pre l’Eveque — Guerin forced to leave — The Two Winds

CHAPTER 14.

FORMATION OF A CATHOLIC CONSPIRACY. (LENT, 1533.)

Olivetan’s Remonstrance and Exile — Preparations of the Clerical Party — De la Maisonneuve at Berne — Berne demands freedom of Worship — Two Hundred Catholics before the Council — They ask for Justice — Agitation against the Lutherans — The Conspirators assemble — Secret Plots — Speeches of the Leaders — Solemn Oath — Catholics meet at St. Pierre’s Church — The Reformed at Maisonneuve’s — Goulaz and Vaudel exhort to Peace — Vandel wounded

CHAPTER 15.

FIRST ARMED ATTACK OF THE CATHOLICS UPON THE REFORMATION. (MARCH 28, 1533.)

The Catholics prepare to fight — The Standards of the King go forth — The Troops are formed — An Alarm — Muster at the Molard — The three Corps — The Artillery and the Banner — The Prayer of the Nuns — Agitation in the City — A Cruel Husband — Reinforcement of Women and Children — Scene at Maisonneuve’s — Consolation and Prayer — Fight between Philippe and Bellessert — The St. Gervaisians retire — Claudine Levet pursued — Plan to burn out the Huguenots — Veigy’s Troop change their Road — The Reformed in Line of Battle — The Cannons planted — The Trumpet Sounds — Tears and Prayers

CHAPTER 16.

TRUCE BETWEEN THE TWO PARTIES. (FROM MARCH 28 TO MAY 4, 1533.)

Mediation of the Friburgers — Their language to the Syndics and the Priests — A Consultation — Joy and Murmuring — Plan of Reconciliation — Articles of Peace — Dominican Song of Victory — The Sacrament on Holy Thursday — Alarm of the Catholics — The Dominican at St. Pierre’s — Embassy to Berne — Is followed by Maisonneuve — His Speech to the Council of Berne — The Syndic is Dumb

CHAPTER 17.

SECOND ATTACK, IN WHICH THE LEADER PERISHES. (MAY 4, 1533.)

War of the Tongue — Huguenots depart for Lyons — Festival of the Holy Winding-Sheet — High Mass — Importance of the Struggle-Ideas become Acts — A Holiday Evening ends in a Brawl — An Agent of the Clergy excites the Crowd — Marin de Versonay — The Tocsin sounds — Wernli arms for the Fight — Decisive Moment — His Appeals — His first Challenge — Skirmish in the Dark — Wernli heads the Fight — His Death — How the Night was spent

CHAPTER 18.

THE CANON’S DEATH MADE A WEAPON AGAINST THE REFORM. (MAY TO JULY 1533.)

The Corpse discovered — Distress of the Catholics — Arrival of Wernli’s Relations — The Burial — A Miracle — Preparations to crush the Reform — The Bishop at Arbois — The Pope orders him to Return to Geneva — His Indecision — Determines to go — Importunity of the Mamelukes’ Council — A Coup d’Etat necessary — Two Victories to be won — Friburg demands the Trial of Wernli’s Murderers — Declaration of Religious Liberty

CHAPTER 19.

CATASTROPHE. (BEGINNING OF JULY 1533.)

Preparations to receive the Bishop — His Entrance — The Bishop at the General Council — Agitation — The Magistrates consult the Charters — The Bishop’s despotic Intentions — Proscriptions — The Huguenots entrapped — Escape of many — One of their Wives imprisoned — Strange Request of the Bishop — Levet’s Flight — He is pursued and taken — Various Rumors — The Bishop cites the Prisoners before him — Attacks on the Huguenots — The Courage of the Genevese — Eiders of Geneva before the Bishop — The Bishop persists in his Illegality — Firmness of the Genevese — The Friburgers call for Vengeance — G. Wernli’s Speech — Refusal of the Two Hundred — Arguments for the Temporal Power — Opposition to Absolute Power — The Prisoners in their Dungeons — Impatience of the Mamelukes — Attempt to murder Curtet — Dangers accumulating — Geneva and Calvin — Triumph and Tribulation — Hope



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