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Title: Selections from early Middle English, 1130-1250 - Part I: Texts
Author: Hall, Joseph, 1854- [Editor]
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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[Transcriber’s Note:

This e-text includes characters that will only display in UTF-8
(Unicode) file encoding, including but not limited to:

  Ȝ, ȝ (yogh)
  ⁊ (Tironian ampersand)
  þ̵ (thorn with stroke--also see below)
  ę (e with tail, “e caudata”)
  ẏ (y with over-dot)

All but the first three are rare, or occur only in notes.

If any of these characters do not display properly, or if the
apostrophes and quotation marks in this paragraph appear as garbage,
make sure your text reader’s “character set” or “file encoding” is set
to Unicode (UTF-8). You may also need to change the default font. As a
last resort, use the Latin-1 version of this file instead.

The form {} represents a half-width space, generally between prefix and
main word. These are not always unambigous; readers should consult page
images or a printed text. The {;} is a punctuation mark similar to a
semicolon. Note that because of font availability, “thorn with stroke”
is shown as separate characters, þ or Þ with combining -. If your text
reader can display the single-character forms Ꝥ and ꝥ (hex A764 and
A765), feel free to replace them globally.

A few selections use additional, very unusual letters that will be
explained as they appear.

In the last three selections, doubled ¶¶ represents the large C-like
paragraph symbol. In Orm and earlier selections, ¶ is as printed.

Italicized letters or parts of words, indicating expanded abbreviations,
are shown in {braces}. Spaced-out text, used mainly for Latin
quotations, is marked with _lines_. Boldface is shown with +marks+,
while large initial capitals are shown with double ++marks before the
letter. Superscript letters are shown with ^.

The Notes were published in a separate volume, in preparation at the
time this e-text was produced (August 2008). For each selection, the
bracketed paragraph describing the MSS. has been summarized from these
Notes; additions or omissions shown by ellipses or brackets according to
the usual rules for academic quotation.

Further details about the format of this e-text are at the end of the
text. All notes in [[double brackets]] were added by the transcriber.]



  SELECTIONS FROM
  EARLY MIDDLE ENGLISH

  1130-1250

  Edited With Introductions And Notes

  by

  JOSEPH HALL
  M.A., Hon. D.Litt., Durham University


  PART I: TEXTS


  OXFORD
  At The Clarendon Press
  M CM XX



  OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

  London  Edinburgh  Glasgow  New York
  Toronto  Melbourne  Cape Town  Bombay

  _HUMPHREY MILFORD_
  Publisher to the University



PREFACE


Some of the texts in this book have already appeared in the Specimens
of Early English edited by the Rev. Richard Morris. But Nos. i, ii, iv,
vii, xiii and xv are new, the important shorter pieces, Nos. vi, viii,
xvi, xviii, xxi and xxiii, are printed in full, and some, as Nos. viii
and ix, are taken from additional or better manuscripts. The pieces are
arranged tentatively in what appears to be the chronological order of
their composition, but Nos. xix and xvii should have come before the
Ancrene Wisse, and No. vii has been placed next to the Proverbs of
Alfred, from which it appears to be derived. It is hoped that those who
study the older book will find in the present one a useful supplement.

The texts follow the manuscripts in all details. The syntax being
comparatively simple, there is not much to be gained by modern
punctuation, and that of the manuscripts has gained a fresh importance
from theories which have been founded upon it. Where obvious mistakes
have been corrected in the text, notice is always given in the
footnotes. Additions are made within square brackets, and
interlineations are printed between accents.

My best thanks are due to the custodians of the libraries for the
facilities which with uniform kindness they extended to me in the
collation of the manuscripts.

  J. H.

WOODSTOCK,

_January, 1920_.



  TABLE
  of
  PIECES AND MANUSCRIPTS

                                                                Page
      I. WORCESTER FRAGMENTS                                       1
         Worcester Cathedral Library, 174.

     II. SAINT GODRIC’S HYMNS                                      5
         British Museum, Royal 5 F. vii.

    III. THE PETERBOROUGH CHRONICLE (A.D. 1132-1154)               5
         Bodleian, Laud Misc. 636.

     IV. CHARTER OF HENRY THE SECOND                              11
         B. M., Harleian Charter iii B. 49.

      V. A PARABLE                                                12
         B. M., Cotton Vespasian A. xxii.

     VI. THE PROVERBS OF ALFRED                                   18
         Jesus Coll. Oxford, Arch. E. 29.

    VII. MEMENTO MORI                                             29
         Same as No. VI.

   VIII. POEMA MORALE                                         30, 31
         Lambeth, 487.
         B. M., Egerton 613.
         Trinity Coll. Camb., B. 14. 52.

     IX. ANCRENE WISSE A                                      54, 55
         Corpus Christi Coll. Camb., 402.
         Caius Coll., 234.

     IX. ANCRENE WISSE B                                      60, 61
         Corpus MS., as before.
         B. M., Cotton Nero A. xiv, with passages from
           C inserted between asterisks.
         Variants upon MS. Nero from B. M., Cotton Titus
           D. xviii (without any indicating letter) and
           B. M., Cotton Cleopatra C. vi (= C).
           B indicates agreement of T and C as against N.

      X. IN DIEBUS DOMINICIS                                      76
         Lambeth, 487.

     XI. HIC DICENDUM EST DE PROPHETA                             79
         Same as for No. X.

    XII. SERMONS FOR PALM SUNDAY AND EASTER DAY                   82
         Trinity Coll. Camb., B. 14. 52.

   XIII. VICES AND VIRTUES                                        88
         B. M., Stowe 34.

    XIV. LAȜAMON                                              94, 95
         B. M., Cotton Caligula A. ix.
         B. M., Cotton Otho C. xiii.

     XV. ORM                                                     112
         Bodleian, Junius 1.

    XVI. SAWLES WARDE                                            117
         Bodleian, 34 (to l. 339, p. 127).
         B. M., Royal 17 A. xxvii (from l. 339, p. 127
           to end).

   XVII. SAINT KATHERINE                                         128
          B. M., Royal 17 A. xxvii.

  XVIII. THE ORISON OF OUR LADY                                  132
          B. M., Cotton Nero A. xiv.

    XIX. SAINT JULIANA                                      138, 139
         B. M., Royal 17 A. xxvii.
         Bodleian, 34.

     XX. THE OWL AND THE NIGHTINGALE                        148, 149
         Jesus Coll. Oxford, Arch. E. 29.
         B. M., Cotton Caligula A. ix.

    XXI. THE BESTIARY                                            176
         B. M., Arundel 292.

   XXII. GENESIS AND EXODUS                                      197
         Corpus Christi Coll. Camb., 444.

  XXIII. KENTISH SERMONS                                         214
         Bodleian, Laud Misc. 471.



CORRIGENDA

[Transcriber’s Note:

All corrections listed here have been made in the body of the e-text.
The form as originally printed is shown in [brackets]. A few additional
corrections have been added from the Notes volume.]

    1/17   [nu beoþ]    [_printed without brackets_]
    2/30   [fei]ȝe    [[fei]ge]
   11/1    {þ}urh  MS kurh
              [_body text printed without italics; added linenote_]
   12/15   alisendnesse    [alisendnessee]
   14/58   fi{lio}    [fi{lii}]
   17/162  d{escendi}    [d{escendit}]
   83/32   For v{iam} p{ro} read v{estimenta} p{rosternebant}
   85/79   s{e}cla    [s{e}c{u}la]
   87/161  Omit words in brackets
             [_printed [his fleis ⁊ his blod.] at beginning of line_]
  150/16   þat    [þar]
  152/57   wit    [wiþ]
  154/104  bysemar    [bisemar]
  160/183  nyht    [niht]
  160/185  vych    [vich]
  160/191  quaþ    [qwaþ]
  166/289  In footnote, Þule    [_added footnote_]
  167/289  In footnote, Þule    [_no change_]
  167/310  eue    [eve]
  168/336  Murehþe ilyche    [Mureþe iliche]
  168/339  holy    [holi]
  221/248  iheed _for_ ihee[r]d



I. WORCESTER FRAGMENTS

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Worcester Cathedral Library, 174.... Its contents are ... (2) the scrap
here marked A; (3) the pieces B and C with five more fragments of the
same poem. A completes the page on which the glossary ends, and B is on
the verso of the leaf. The leaves have been slightly shorn at one side
and reduced at top and bottom, but probably to no great extent: the
conjectural complement, which is here printed within square brackets, is
for the most part fairly obvious, the more so as portions of the lost
letters often remain. The whole MS. is in the same large square hand,
but the pieces in verse, which are written continuously, like prose, are
less carefully executed. The handwriting is of the second half of the
twelfth century, perhaps about 1180 A.D. The Latin headings are not in
the MS.”]]


A. SICUT OUES ABSQUE PASTORE


  [++S]{an}c{tus} beda was iboren her on breotene mid us ·      [f. 63 r
  ⁊ he wisliche [writen] awende
  þ̵ þeo englis{c} leoden þurh weren ilerde ·
  ⁊ he þeo c[not]ten unwreih · þe questiuns hoteþ ·
  þa derne diȝelnesse · þe de[or]wurþe is ·                            5
  ælfric abbod þe we alquin hoteþ ·
  he was bocare · ⁊ þe [fif] bec wende ·
  Genesis · Exodus · Vtronomius · Numerus · Leuiticus ·
  þ[urh] þeos weren ilærde ure leoden · on englisc ·
  þet weren þeos biscop[es þeo] bodeden cristendom                    10

wilfrid of {R}ipum · Johan of beoferlai · Cuþb[ert] of Dunholme ·
Oswald of wireceastre · Egwin of heoueshame · æl[dhelm] of malmesburi ·
Swiþþun · æþelwold · Aidan · Biern of wincæstre · [Pau]lin of
rofecæstre · S. Dunston · ⁊ S. ælfeih of cantore · buri ·

  þeos læ[rden] ure leodan on englisc ·                               15
  næs deorc heore liht · ac hit fæire glod ·
  [nu is] þeo leore forleten · ⁊ þet folc is forloren ·
  [nu beoþ] oþre leoden · þeo læ[reþ] ure folc ·
  ⁊ feole of þen lorþeines losiæþ · ⁊ þ̵ folc forþ{}mid
  Nu sæiþ [ure] drihten þus · _Sicut aq{ui}la p{ro}uocat              20
pullos suos ad uolandu{m} · ⁊ sup{er} eo[s uolitat ·]_
  þis beoþ godes word to worlde asende ·
  þ̵ we sceolen fæier feþ [festen to him] ·

    [Linenotes:
    2. _writen_] [_bec_] Varnhagen. || 3. _englisc_] _englise_ MS. ||
    7. [_fif_] V. || 11. _Ripum_] _Sipum_ MS. || 13. _Paulin_]
    [_Cwiche_]_lm_ Wright. || 22. _þis_] _þus_ V.]


B. HOMO PUTREDO ET FILIUS HOMINIS VERMIS

                                      en earde ·                 [f. 63v
  ⁊ alle þeo isceæftan · þe him to [s]cu[l]en ·
  ⁊ mid muchele cre[fte · þe]ne mon he idihte ·
  ⁊ him on ileide · lif ⁊ soule ·
  Softliche he heo isom[nede] · ac þær biþ sor idol ·                  5
  þ̵ bodeþ þ̵ bearn : þonne hit iboren biþ ·
  hit [woan]eþ ⁊ mænet þeo weowe ·
  ⁊ þene seoruhfule siþ · ⁊ þ̵ sori idol ·
  þ̵ soule schal [⁊ li]came · sorliche idælen ·
  forþon hit cumeþ weopinde · ⁊ woniende iwiteþ ·                     10
  [swo D]eaþ mid his pricke · pineþ þene licame ·
  he walkeþ ⁊ wendeþ ⁊ woneþ [oftes]iþes ·
  he sæiþ on his bedde · wo me þ̵ ic libbe ·
  þ̵ æffre mine lif dawes · þus [lon]ge me ilesteþ ·
  for heui is his greoning · ⁊ seorhful is his woaning ·              15

    [Linenotes:
    3. [_þe_]_ne_ Buchholz. [_þon_]_ne_ Haufe. || 7. _hit_ [_greoneþ
    ond woan_]_eþ_ B. || 9. [_⁊ li_]_came_ H. | [_hire li_]_came_
    Singer. || 11. [_D_]_eaþ_ H., B. | [_thonne D_]_eath_ S. ||
    13. _wome_ MS.]

  ⁊ al [biþ] his siþ · mid seorwe biwunden ·
  him deaueþ þa æren : him dimmeþ [þa] iȝen ·
  him scerpeþ þe neose · him scrinckeþ þa lippen ·
  him scorteþ [þe] tunge · [him starkeþ his skin ·]
  him trukeþ his iwit · him teoreþ his miht ·                         20
  him coldeþ his [siden ·] liggeþ þe ban stille ·
  þonne biþ þ̵ soule{}hus · seoruhliche bereaued ·
  [at] also muchele wunne · þe þer{}inne wunede ·
  þus biþ þæs bearnes · [bod]unge ifulled ·
  þeo moder greoneþ · ⁊ þ̵ bearn woaneþ ·                              25
  So biþ þeo [bu]rdtid · mid ba`le´wen imenged ·
  so biþ eft þe feorþsiþ · Mid seoruwen al bewunden ·
  þonne þe licame ⁊ þe sowle · soriliche to[dæl]eþ :
  þonne biþ þ̵ wræcche lif · iended al mid sori siþ ·
  þonne biþ þe [fei]ȝe · iflut to þen flore ·                         30

    [Linenotes:
    19. [_him ... skin_] no gap in MS. || 21. _þe ban_] perhaps _he
    stan_. || 23. [_at_] B., [_of_] H. || 27. In MS. the second half
    of this line is _sorhliche to dæl_... copied by mistake from the
    next line. || 30. [_fei_]_ge_ Zupitza, [_bodi_]ge S.]

      [[Partial word [_bodi_]ge italicized as shown]]]

  he biþ eastward istreiht · he biþ sone stif ·
  he [col]deþ also clei · hit is him ikunde ·
  Mon hine met mid one ȝerde · ⁊ þa mol[de] seoþþen ·
  ne mot he of þære molde · habben na{m}more ·
  þonne þ̵ rihte imet · [rih]tliche tæcheþ ·                           35
  þonne liþ þe clei clot · colde on þen flore ·
  ⁊ him sone from [fleoþ] · þeo he ær freome dude ·
  nulleþ heo mid honden · his heafod riht wen[den] ·
  heom þuncheþ þ̵ hore honden · swuþe beoþ ifuled ·
  Gif heo hondleþ þe[ne d]eade · seoþþen his deaȝes beoþ igon ·       40
  sone cumeþ þ̵ wrecche wif · þe [forh]oweþ þene earfeþ siþ ·
  forbindeþ þæs dædan muþ · ⁊ his dimme eȝen ·
  [þon]ne þet riche wif · forhoweþ þene earueþ siþ ·
  for ufel is þeo wrecche lufe · [þari]nne þeo un{}blisse cumaþ ·
  þonne besihþ þeo soule · sorliche to þen lich[ame ·]                45

    [Linenotes:
    32. [_col_]_deþ_ Z., [_hear_]_deth_ S. || 41. The last half of
    this line is due to l. 43. || 43. [_þonne_] H. || [_Ec_] B. ||
    44. _þarinne_] [_þon_]_ne_ S., [_In_]_ne_ H., B.]


C. CONFABULABOR CUM AMARITUDINE ANIMAE MEAE

  [             ] þu me · þeo hwule þet ic wunede inne þe ·      [f. 64r
  for þu were leas ⁊ lutiȝ · ⁊ u[n]riht lufedest ·
  Godnesse ⁊ riht · æfre þu onscunedest ·
  hwar is nu þe[o mo]dinesse · swo muchel þe þu lufedæst ·
  hwar beoþ nu þeo pundes · þurh [pa]newes igædered ·                  5
  heo weren monifolde · bi markes itolde ·
  hwar beoþ [nu] þeo Goldfæten · þeo þe Guldene ·
          comen to þine honden ·
  þin blisse is [nu] al agon · min seoruwe is fornon ·
  hwar beoþ nu þine wæde · þe þ[u] wel lufedest ·
  hwar beoþ [sibbe ·] þe seten sori ofer þe ·                         10
  beden swuþe ȝeorne · [þet] þe come bote ·
  heom þuþte alto longe · þ̵ þu were on liue ·
  for heo [we]ren grædie · to gripen þine æihte ·

    [Linenotes:
    C 5. [_pa_]_newes_ Holthausen. || 7. _þe_] _e_ in darker ink. ||
    10. [_sibbe_] no gap in MS.]

  nu heo hi dæleþ heom imong · [heo] doþ þe wiþ{}uten ·
  ac nu heo beoþ fuse · to bringen þe ut of huse,                     15
  b[rin]gen þe ut æt þire dure · of weolen þu ært bedæled ·
  hwui noldest þ[u be]þenchen me · þeo hwile ic was innen þe ·
  ac semdest me mid sunne · fo[rþon] ic seoruhful eam ·
  weile þ̵ ic souhte · so seoruhfulne · buc ·
  noldest þ[u lo]kien lufe · wiþ ilærede men ·                        20
  ȝiuen ham of þine Gode · þ̵ heo þe fo[re] beden ·
  heo mihten mid salm songe · þine sunne acwenchen ·
  Mid [ho]re messe · þine misdeden fore biddan ·
  heo mihten offrian loc · leofli[che] for þe ·
  swuþe deor wurþe lac · licame cristes ·                             25
  þurh þæ{n}e þu were · alese[d] from helle{}wite ·
  ⁊ mid his reade blode · þ̵ he ȝeat on rode ·
  þo þu we[re] ifreoed to farene i{n}to heouene ·
  ac þu fenge to þeowdome · þ{urh} þæs de[ofles] lore ·
  Bi þe hit is iseid · ⁊ soþ hit is on boken ·                        30

    [Linenotes:
    18. _semdest_] _scendest_ S. || 20. [_lo_]_kien_ S.,
    [_ma_]_kien_ H., [_þe ma_]_kien_ B. || 24. _leofli_[_c_] B. ||
    26. _þæne_ Z., in MS. _þære_.]

  _Qui custodit diuitias ser[uus] est diuitiis_
  þu were þeow · þines weolan ·
  noldest þu nouht þær{}of d[ælen ·] for drihtenes willæn ·
  ac æfre þu grædiliche · gæderedest þe more ·
  lu[þer]liche eart þu forloren · from al þ̵ þu lufedest ·             35
  ⁊ ic scal wræcche soule [· weo]we nu driæn ·
  eart þu nu loþ ⁊ unwurþ · alle þine freonden ·
  nu ha{m} [þun]cheþ alto long · þ̵ þu ham neih list ·
  ær þu beo ibrouht · þaer þu be[on] scalt ·
  on deope sæþe · on durelease huse ·                                 40
  þær wurmes wældeþ · al [þet þe] wurþest was ·
  füweles quale holde · þe þu icwemdest ær ·
  Mid alre [þære] swetnesse · þeo þu swuþe lufedest ·
  þeo swetnesse is nu al agon · þ̵ b[ittere] þe biþ fornon ·
  þ̵ bittere ilæsteþ æffre · þ̵ swete ne cumeþ þe [næffre ·]            45

    [Linenotes:
    36. [_weo_]_we_ H., [_ece_] _we_ S. || 38. _nu ham_]
    _nu han_ MS. || 43. _þære_] [_kunde_] S., H., B.]



II. SAINT GODRIC’S HYMNS

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Royal 5 F vii, British Museum ... apparently an inserted leaf. This
leaf ... belongs to the beginning of the thirteenth century....”]]


  A  ++Sainte marie uirgine                                      [f. 85r
     moder ih{es}u cristes nazarene
     onfo schild help þin godric ·
     onfang bring heȝilich wið þe in godes riche ·

     ++Sainte marie xpistes bur                                        5
     maidenes clenhad moderes flur ·
     dilie min sinne rix in min mod ·
     bring me `to´ winne wið þe selfd God.

  B  Crist and sainte marie swa on scamel me iledde
     þat ic on þis erðe ne silde wid mine bare fote i{}tredie ·       10

  C  ++Sainte Nicholaes godes druð ·
     tymbre us faire scone hus ·
     At þi burth at þi bare.
     Sainte nicholaes, bring vs wel þare.

    [Linenotes:
    II. 3. Over _onfo_, _onfong_ in later hand. || 4. _wið_] _w_ corr.
    out of _þ_. || 6. _maidenes_] _id_ corr. out of _rd_.]



III. THE PETERBOROUGH CHRONICLE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Laud Misc. 636, Bodleian Library (MS. E).... A new hand begins with
1132 and continues to the end in 1155 A.D.”]]


[Headnote: The Anarchy]

[Sidenote: M·C·XXXII.]

f. 88v] ++Ðis gear co{m} henri king to þis land. þa co{m} henri
abbot ⁊ uureide þe muneces of burch to þe king forþi ð he uuolde
underþeden ð mynstr{e} to clunie. sua ð te king was wel neh
be{}paht. ⁊ sende eft{er} þe muneces. ⁊ þur`h´ godes milce ⁊
þur`h´ þe b{iscop} of Seresb{er}i ⁊ te b{iscop} of linc{ol} ⁊ te
oþre ricemen þe {5} þer wæron þa wiste þe king ð he feorde mid
suicdo{m}. Þa he na{n} mor ne{}mihte. þa uuolde he ð his nefe
sculde ben abb{ot} in burch. oc xpist it ne{}uuolde. Was it noht
suithe lang þer{}eft{er} þatte king sende eft{er} hi{m}. ⁊ dide
hi{m} gyuen up ð abb{ot}rice of burch. ⁊ faren ut of lande. ⁊ te
king iaf ð abb{ot}rice an p{ri}or of S’ neod Martin was {10}
ge{}haten. he co{m} on S’ pet{res} messe{}dei mid micel wurscipe
into the minstre.


[Sidenote: M·C·XXXV.]

++On þis gære for se king h{enri} ouer sæ æt te la{m}masse. ⁊ ð
oþer dei þa he lai an slep in scip. þa þestrede þe dæi ouer al
landes ⁊ uuard þe sunne suilc als it {15} uuare thre niht ald
mone. an st{er}res abuten hi{m} at middæi. Wur`þ´en men suiðe
of{}uundred ⁊ of{}dred ⁊ sæden ð micel þing sculde cum{en}
her{}eft{er}. sua dide. for þat ilc gær warth þe king ded. ð
oþer daei eft{er} S’ Andreas massedæi · on norm{andi}. Þa wes
treson a þas landes. for æuricman sone ræuede oþer þe mihte. {20}
Þa namen his sune ⁊ his frend ⁊ brohten his lic to engle{lande}
⁊ bebiriend in Reding{e}. Godman he wes ⁊ micel æie wes of hi{m}.
durste nanman misdon wið oðer on his time. Pais he makede men ⁊
dær. Wua{}sua bare his byrthen gold ⁊ sylure. durste na{n} man
sei to hi{m} naht bute god. {25}

    [Linenote:
    20. _þa wes treson a_ Emerson, in MS. _þa westre sona_.]

f. 89r] Enmang þis was his nefe cumen to engle{lande} Stephne de
blais. ⁊ co{m} to lundene. ⁊ te lundenisce folc hi{m} underfeng.
⁊ senden ęft{er} þe ærceb{iscop} Will{el}m curbuil. ⁊ halechede
hi{m} to kinge on midewintre{}dæi. On þis kinges time wes al
unfrið ⁊ yfel ⁊ ræflac. for agenes hi{m} risen sona þa ricemen
þe wæron swikes. alre fyrst Balduin {30} de Reduers ⁊ held
Execestre agenes hi{m}. ⁊ te king it be{}sæt. ⁊ siððan Bald{uin}
acordede. Þa tocan þa oðre ⁊ helden her castles agenes hi{m}. ⁊
dauid king of scotland toc to uuerrien hi{m} · þa þohuuethere
þat here sandes feorden betwyx heo{m}. ⁊ hi to{}gædere comen ⁊
wurðe sæhte. þoþ it litel forstode. {35}


[Sidenote: M·C·XXX`VII´.]

++Ðis gære for þe `k{ing}´ Steph{ne} ofer sæ to normandi ⁊ ther
wes under{}fangen for{}þi ð hi uuenden ð he sculde ben alsuic
alse the eo{m} wes. ⁊ for he hadde get his tresor. ac he
to{}deld it ⁊ scatered sotlice. Micel hadde henri k{ing} gadered
gold ⁊ syluer. ⁊ na god ne dide me for his saule thar{}of. {40}

Þa `þe´ king S{tephne} to englal{ande} co{m} þa macod he his
gadering æt Oxeneford. ⁊ þar he na{m} þe b{iscop} Roger of
Sereb{er}i ⁊ Alex{ander} b{iscop} of lincol ⁊ te canceler
Rog{er} hise neues. ⁊ dide ælle in p{ri}sun. til hi iafen up
here castles. Þa the suikes under{}gæton ð he milde man was ⁊
softe ⁊ god. ⁊ na iustise ne dide. þa dide`n´ hi alle {45}
wunder. Hi hadden hi{m} manred maked ⁊ athes suoren. ac hi nan
treuthe ne heolden. alle he wæron for{}sworen and here treothes
for{}loren. for æuric riceman his castles makede ⁊ agænes hi{m}
heolden. ⁊ fylden þe land ful of castles. Hi suencten suyðe þe
uureccemen of þe land mid castel weorces. þa þe castles
uuaren {50} maked þa fylden hi mid deoules ⁊ yuelemen. Þa namen
hi þa men þe hi wenden ð ani god hefde`n´. bathe be nihtes. ⁊ be
dæies. carlmen ⁊ wi{m}men. ⁊ diden heo{m} `in p{ri}sun´ eft{er}
gold ⁊ syluer. ⁊ pined heo{m}; untellendlice pining. for ne
uuæren næure nan martyrs swa pined alse hi wæron. Me henged up
bi the fet ⁊ smoked heo{m} · mid {55} ful smoke. Me henged bi
the þu{m}bes other bi the hefed. ⁊ hengen bryniges on `her´ fet.
Me dide cnotted strenges abuton here [f. 89v] hæued. ⁊ uurythen
to ð it gæde to þe `h´ærnes. Hi diden heo{m} in quarterne þar
nadres ⁊ snakes ⁊ pades wæron inne. ⁊ drapen heo{m} swa. Sume hi
diden in crucethus ð is in an cęste þat was scort ⁊ nareu.
⁊ {60} un{}dep. ⁊ dide scærpe stanes þer{}inne. ⁊ þrengde þe man
þær{}inne. ð hi{m} bræcon alle þe limes. In mani of þe castles
wæron lof ⁊ gri{m}. ð wæron rachenteges ð twa oþer thre men
hadden onoh to bæron onne. þat was sua maced. ð is fæstned to an
beom. ⁊ diden an scærp iren abuton þa mannes throte ⁊ his hals.
ð he `ne´ myhte nowiderwardes. {65} ne sitten ne lien ne slepen.
oc bæron al ð iren. Mani þusen hi drapen mid hungær. J ne can ne
i ne mai tellen alle þe wunder ne alle þe pines ð hi diden
wreccemen on þis land. ⁊ ð lastede þa ·xix· wintre wile Stephne
was king ⁊ æure it was uuerse ⁊ uuerse. Hi læiden gæildes o`n´
the tunes æure u{m}wile ⁊ clepeden it tenserie. þa {70} þe
uureccemen ne hadden na{n} more to gyuen. þa ræueden hi ⁊
brendon alle the tunes. ð wel þu myhtes faren al a dæis fare
sculdest thu neure finden man in tune sittende. ne land tiled.
Þa was corn dære. ⁊ flec ⁊ cæse ⁊ butere. for nan ne wæs o þe
land. Wrecce men sturuen of hungær. sume ieden on ælmes þe waren
su{m} wile {75} ricemen. sume flugen ut of lande. Wes næure gæt
mare wre`c´ce{}hed on land. ne næure hethen men werse ne diden
þan hi diden. For ouer{}sithon ne for{}baren `hi´ nouther circe
ne cyrce{}iærd. oc nam{en} al þe god ð þar{}inne was. ⁊ brenden
sythen þe cyrce ⁊ alte gædere. Ne hi ne forbaren b{iscopes} land
ne abb{otes} ne preostes. ac ræueden {80} munekes ⁊ clerekes. ⁊
æuricman other þe ouer myhte. Gif twa men oþer ·iii· coman
ridend to an tun. al þe tunscipe flugæn for heo{m}. wenden ð hi
wæron ræueres. Þe biscopes ⁊ leredmen heo{m} cursede æure. oc
was heo{m} naht þar{}of. for hi uueron al forcursæd ⁊
for{}suoren ⁊ for{}loren. War sæ me tilede. þe erthe ne bar nan
corn. for þe land {85} was al fordon. mid suilce dædes. ⁊ hi
sæden openlice ð xpist slep. ⁊ his halechen. Suilc ⁊ mare þanne
we cunnen sæin. we þolenden xix· wintre for ure sinnes. [f. 90r]
On al þis yuele time heold Martin abbot his abbotrice ·xx·
wint{re} ⁊ half gær ⁊ viii· dæis. mid micel suinc. ⁊ fand þe
munekes ⁊ te gestes al þat heo{m} be{}houed ⁊ heold mycel {90}
carited in the hus. ⁊ þoþwethere wrohte on þe circe ⁊ sette
þar{}to landes ⁊ rentes. ⁊ goded it suythe. ⁊ læt it refen ⁊
brohte heo{m} into þe neuuæ mynst{re} on S’ PETRES mæsse dæi mid
micel wurtscipe. ð was · anno ab incarn{atione} d{omini} ·
M·c·xl. a co{m}bustio{n}e loci ·xxiii· ⁊ he for `to´ Rome. ⁊ þær
wæs wæl under{}fangen fra{m} þe pape {95} Eugenie. ⁊ be{}gæt
thare p{ri}uilegies. an of alle þe landes of þabbotrice. ⁊ an
oþer of þe landes þe lien to þe circewican. ⁊ gif he leng moste
liuen alse he mint to don of þe horderwycan. And he be{}gæt in
landes þat ricemen hefden mid strengthe. Of Will{el}m malduit þe
heold Rogingha{m} þæ castel. he wan Cotingha{m} ⁊ Estun. ⁊ Of
hugo of {100} Walt{e}uile he uuan hyrtlingb{eri} · ⁊ Stanewig. ⁊
lx · sol. of Aldewingle `ælc gær´. And he makede manie munek{es}
⁊ plantede winiærd. ⁊ makede mani weorkes. ⁊ wende þe tun betere
þan it ær waes. ⁊ waes god munec ⁊ god man. ⁊ forþi hi{m}
luueden god ⁊ gode men. {105}

    [Linenotes:
    41. _Þa_] no paragraph in MS. || 46. After _maked_ erasure of two
    letters. || 56. After _þumbes_, _⁊_ deleted. || 81. _þe ouer_]
    _þeouer_ MS. || 97. After _moste_, _alse_ erased. ||
    99. _strengthe_ corrected out of _strengthre_.]

Nu we willen sægen su{m}del wat belamp on Steph{nes} kinges
time. On his time þe iudeus of Noruuic bohton an xpisten cild
be{}foren estren ⁊ pineden hi{m} alle þe ilce pining ð ure
drihten was pined. ⁊ on langfridæi hi{m} on rode hengen for ure
drihtines luue. ⁊ sythen byrieden hi{m}. wenden ð it sculde ben
for{}holen. oc ure dryhtin {110} atywede ð he was hali m{arty}r.
⁊ to munekes hi{m} namen. ⁊ bebyried hi{m} heglice in þe
minst{re}. ⁊ he maket þur[h] ure drihtin wunderlice ⁊
manifældlice miracles. ⁊ hatte he S’ Willelm.


[Sidenote: M·C·XXXVI`II´.]

++On þis gær co{m} dauid king of Scotl{and} mid ormete færd to
þis land. wolde winnan þis land. {115} ⁊ hi{m} co{m} togænes
Will{el}m eorl of Albamar þe þe king adde beteht euorwic ⁊ to
other æuez men mid fæumen ⁊ fuhten wid heo{m}. ⁊ fle{m}den þe
king æt te Standard. ⁊ sloghen suithe micel of his genge.
[f. 90v]


[Sidenote: M·C·XL.]

++On þis gær wolde þe king Steph{ne} tæcen Rodb{er}t eorl {120}
of gloucestre þe kinges sune · Henries. ac he ne myhte for he
wart it war. Þer{}eft{er} in þe lengten þestrede þe sunne ⁊ te
dæi. abuton non tid dæies. þa men eten. ð me lihtede candles to
æten bi. ⁊ þat was ·xiii· k{alend}. Ap{ri}l’. wæron men suythe
of wundred. Þer{}eft{er} fordfeorde Will{elm} ærceb{iscop} of
cantwarb{eri}. {125} ⁊ te king makede Teodbald ærceb{iscop} þe
was abbot in the bec. Þer eft{er} wæx suythe micel uuerre
be{}tuyx þe king ⁊ Randolf eorl of cæstre noht for{}þi ð he ne
iaf hi{m} al ð he cuthe axen hi{m}. alse he dide alle othre. oc
æfre þe mare he iaf heo{m}. þe wærse hi wæron hi{m}. Þe eorl
heold lincol agænes þe king. ⁊ be{}na{m} hi{m} al ð he {130}
ahte to hauen. ⁊ te king for þider ⁊ besætte hi{m} ⁊ his brother
Will{el}m de R[om]are in þe castel. ⁊ te æorl stæl ut ⁊ ferde
eft{er} Rodb{er}t eorl of gloucestre. ⁊ brohte hi{m} þider mid
micel ferd. ⁊ fuhten suythe on Candel masse dæi agenes heore
lauerd. ⁊ namen hi{m} for his men [h]i{m} suyken ⁊ flugæn. ⁊ læd
hi{m} to Bristowe ⁊ {135} diden þar in p{ri}sun ⁊ [fe]teres. þa
was al englel{and} styred mar þan ær wæs. ⁊ al yuel wæ[s i]n
lande. Þer{}eft{er} co{m} þe king{es} doht{er} henries þe hefde
ben emp{er}i[ce] i[n A]lamanie. ⁊ nu wæs cuntesse in Angou. ⁊
co{m} to lundene ⁊ te lundenissce folc hire wolde tæcen. ⁊ scæ
fleh ⁊ forles þar mic[el.] Þer eft{er} þe biscop of Wincestre
henri {140} þe king{es} brother Steph{nes} spac wid Rodb{er}t
eorl ⁊ wyd þe{m}p{er}ice ⁊ suor heo{m} athas ð he neure ma mid
te king his brother wolde halden. ⁊ cursede alle þe men þe mid
h[i{m}] heoldon. ⁊ sæde heo{m} ð he uuolde ííuen heo{m} up
Wincestre. ⁊ dide heo{m} cumen þider. Þa hi þær inne wæren. þa
co{m} þe king{es} cuen [mid al]hire strengthe. {145} ⁊ besæt
heo{m}. ð þer wæs inne micel hungær. Þa hi ne leng ne muhten
þolen þa stali hi ut ⁊ flugen. ⁊ hi wurthen war wid{}uten ⁊
folecheden heo{m}. ⁊ namen Rodb{er}t eorl of glouc{estre}. ⁊
ledden hi{m} to Rouecestre. ⁊ diden hi{m} þare in p{ri}sun. ⁊ te
emp{er}ice fleh in{}to an minstre. [f. 91r] Þa feorden þe
wisemen betwyx þe kinges {150} freond ⁊ te eorles freond ⁊
sahtlede sua ð me sculde leten ut þe king of p{ri}sun for þe
eorl. ⁊ te eorl for þe king. ⁊ sua diden. Sithen þereft{er}
sa`t´hleden þe king ⁊ Randolf eorl at Stanford. ⁊ athes suoren ⁊
treuthes fæston ð her nouþer sculde be{}suiken other. ⁊ it ne
for{}stod naht. for þe king hi{m} sithen na{m} in ha{m}tun.
þurhc wicci {155} ræd. ⁊ dide hi{m} in p{ri}sun. ⁊ ef{}sones he
let hi{m} ut þurhc wærse red. to ð forewarde ð he suor on
halido{m} ⁊ gysles fand. þat he alle his castles sculde íiuen
up. Sume he iaf up ⁊ sume ne iaf he noht. ⁊ dide þanne wærse
þanne he hær sculde. Þa was engleland suythe to{}deled. sume
helden mid te king. ⁊ sume mid þe{m}p{er}ice. for þa þe {160}
king was in p{ri}sun þa wenden þe eorles ⁊ te ricemen þat he
neure mare sculde cum{en} ut. ⁊ sæh`t´leden wyd þe{m}p{er}ice. ⁊
brohten hire into Oxenford. ⁊ iauen hire þe burch. Þa þe king
was ute þa herde ð sægen. ⁊ toc his feord ⁊ besæt hire in þe
tur. ⁊ me læt hire dun on niht of þe tur mid rapes. ⁊ stal ut. ⁊
scæ fleh ⁊ iæde on fote to {165} Walingford. Þær eft{er} scæ
ferde ouer sæ. ⁊ hi of normandi wenden alle fra þe king. to þe
eorl of Angæu. sume here þankes ⁊ sume here unþankes. for he
be{}sæt heo{m} til hi aiauen up here castles. ⁊ hi nan helpe ne
hæfden of þe k{inge}. Þa ferde Eustace þe king{es} sune to
france ⁊ na{m} þe king{es} suster of france to wife. wende to
bigæton {170} normandi þær þurh. oc he spedde litel. ⁊ be gode
rihte for he was an yuel man. for ware se he [com he] dide mare
yuel þanne god. he reuede þe landes ⁊ læide mic[ele gilde]s on.
He brohte his wif to engle{}land. ⁊ dide hire in þe caste[l of
Can]teb{eri}. God wi{m}man scæ wæs. oc scæ hedde litel blisse
mid hi{m}. ⁊ xpist ne wolde ð he sculde {175} lange rixan. ⁊
wærd ded ⁊ his moder beien. ⁊ te eorl of Angæu wærd ded. ⁊ his
sune henri toc to þe rice. ⁊ te Cuen of france to{}dælde fra þe
king. ⁊ scæ co{m} to þe iunge eorl henri. ⁊ he toc hire to wiue.
⁊ al [f. 91v] peitou mid hire. Þa ferde he mid micel færd into
engle[la]nd. ⁊ wan castles. ⁊ te king ferde agenes hi{m}
mid {180} micel mare ferd. ⁊ þoþwæthere fuhtten hi noht. oc
ferden þe ærceb{iscop} ⁊ te wise me`n´ betwux heo{m}. ⁊ makede ð
sahte ð te king sculde ben lauerd ⁊ king wile he liuede. ⁊
æft{er} his dæi ware henri king. ⁊ he held`e´ hi{m} for fader ⁊
he hi{m} for sune. ⁊ sib ⁊ sæhte sculde ben betwyx heo{m}. ⁊ on
al engleland. Þis ⁊ te othre foruuardes {185} þet hi makeden.
suoren to halden þe king ⁊ te eorl ⁊ te b{iscopes} & te eorles ⁊
ricemen alle. Þa was þe eorl under{}fangen æt Wincestre ⁊ æt
lundene mid micel wurtscipe. ⁊ alle diden hi{m} manred. ⁊ suoren
þe pais to halden. ⁊ hit ward sone suythe god pais. sua ð neure
was here. Þa was þe k{ing} strengere þanne he æuert her was. ⁊
te eorl {190} ferde ouer sæ. ⁊ al folc hi{m} luuede for he dide
god iustise ⁊ makede pais. {192}

    [Linenotes:
    135-45. MS. rubbed here. || 172. MS. mutilated here.]


[Sidenote: M·C·LIIII.]

++On þis gær wærd þe king Steph{ne} ded ⁊ bebyried þer his wif
`⁊ his sune´ wæron bebyried æt fauresfeld. þæt minst{re} hi
makeden. Þa þe king was ded. þa was þe eorl {195} beionde sæ. ⁊
ne durste nan man don oþer bute god for þe micel eie of hi{m}.
þa he to engleland co{m}. þa was he underfangen mid micel
wurtscipe. and to king bletcæd in lundene on þe sunnen dæi
be{}foren midwint{er} dæi. ⁊ held þær micel curt.

Þat ilce dæi þat Mart{in} abb{ot} of burch sculde þider faren.
þa {200} sæclede he ⁊ ward ded ·iiii· Ñ. iañ. ⁊ te munek{es}
innen dæis cusen oþer of heo{m} sælf. Will{el}m de Walt{e}uile
is gehaten. god clerc ⁊ god man. ⁊ wæl luued of þe k{inge} ⁊ of
alle godemen. and o[n cyric]en byrie{den} þabb{ot} hehlice ⁊
sone þe cosan ab{bot} ferde ⁊ te muneces [mid him to] oxenforde
to þe k{ing} [⁊ he] iaf hi{m} þat abb{ot}rice. ⁊ he {205} ferde
hi{m} son[e to linc]ol ⁊ was þ[ær bletcæd to] abbot ær he ham
come. ⁊ [sithen] was under fangen [mid mic]el [wurtscipe at]
burch. mid [mice]l p{ro}cessiun. ⁊ sua he was alsua at Ramesæie.
⁊ at Torn{ey}. ⁊ at . . n ⁊ Spall{ding} ⁊ at {S. l.} bares. ⁊ .
. . ⁊ [he nu is] abbot. ⁊ fa[ire] haued begunnon. xp[ist] him
un[ne gode endinge]. {210}

    [Linenotes:
    203. MS. mutilated and defaced from this place onward. ||
    204. _byrie^d_ in MS.]



IV. CHARTER OF HENRY THE SECOND

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Harleian Charter III B. 49, British Museum.... The document is in a
French record hand, and the writer was evidently little versed in the
insular script. He uses both þ and th, ƿ and w.”]]


++H’ [þ]urh godes ȝefu ænglelandes king gret ealle mine
bissceopas ⁊ ealle mine eorlas ⁊ ealle mine scirereuan ⁊ ealle
mine þeinas frencisce ⁊ englisce · on þan sciran þe teobalt
erceb{isceop} ⁊ se hiret æt xp{ist}es chyrchen on Cantuarabirȝ
habbad land inne freondlice ⁊ ic keþe eow þ̵ ic hebbe heom
geunnon þ̵ hi beon ælc þare lande wurþa {5} þe hi eafdon en
Edwardes kinges deȝe · ⁊ on Willelmes kinges mines furþur
ealdefader · ⁊ on Henrices kinges mines ealdefader · ⁊ saca ⁊
Socne · on strande ⁊ on Streame. On wudan · ⁊ on feldan · tolles
⁊ theames · grithbriches · ⁊ hamsocne · ⁊ forstalles · ⁊
i{n}fangenesthiafes · ⁊ fleamene frimtha · ofer heore agene men
· binna{n} Burgan ⁊ butan · {10} swa ful ⁊ swa ford swa mine
agene Wicneres hit sechan scolden · ⁊ ofer swa fele þeinas swa
ich heom to{}leten habban. And ic nelle þ̵ eni{}man enig{}þing
þer{}on theo · butan hi ⁊ heara wicneras · þe hi hit bitechan ·
willað · ne frencisce ne englisce · for þan þi{n}gan þe ich
habbe criste þas gerichtan forgifan minre Saule to ech{er}e
alisendnesse ⁊ ic {15} nelle geþauian þ̵ enig{}man þis abrece bi
minan fullen frenscipan. God geau gehealde.

    [Linenotes:
    1. MS kurh || IV. 4. _Cantuarabirȝ_] last letter _ȝ_ or _g_;
    the one has been corrected out of the other: so too in _deȝe_,
    l. 6. || 14. _þingan_] _þimgan_ MS.]



V. A PARABLE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Cotton Vespasian A 22, British Museum. It is composite; a second MS.,
224 × 153 mm. in two columns, begins at f. 54 with the pieces printed in
OEH i. 217-45. It is written in a small and crabbed hand unlike that of
a professed scribe. The use of the contraction marks is unsystematic and
the readings are sometimes uncertain.”]]


REX SUOS IUDICANS

[[The section from _¶[N]u gode menn_ to end was printed as a single
paragraph. It has been broken up for this e-text.]]


[f. 56v¹] [++H]it ȝelamp þ̵ an rice king wes. strang ⁊ mihti.
his `land´ gélest wide ⁊ side. his folc was `swiðe´ ærfeðtelle.
his under{}þéoden ȝéwer on his cyne{}rice wuneden. Þa be{}fel
hit swa þ̵ hi{m} a þance beféll · to under{}ȝeíte wá an alle his
cyne{}rice hi{m} were frend oðer fend. hold oðer fá. ⁊ he nam
hi{m} tó rede þ̵ heo{m} wolde {5} ȝearceon anæ grate laðienge. ⁊
þider ȝeclepíen all his underþéod. þ̵ hi bi éne féce to his curt
`berie´ come sceolde ⁊ sette ænne déȝie. þ̵ hi alle be þe látst
to þa d{e}ȝ`i´e. þer were. Ac þis ȝesceod he hadde isétt
bi{}tweone frend ⁊ fend. þ̵ þan hi come mistlice to bérie. ȝef
he frend wére. me hine sceolde derewrlice forð{}clepien. ⁊ do
hine wasse. {10} ⁊ ȝiéfe hi{m} hís formemete. þ̵ hi{m} to la{n}g
ne þuhte to abiden of {s}e laford to þe none inn come. Gief he
fend wére. me sceolden ánon eter gat ȝemete mid gode repples ⁊
stiarne swépen. ⁊ stiarne híne besíé. ⁊ binde hi{m} hand ⁊ fétt.
⁊ do hine in{}to þiest{er}nesse. ⁊ þer abide of all his ȝeferen
were ȝegadered. þ̵ hi alle clone. símle {15} belócen were. Þa
sende se king his ærndraches of fif ceðen to alle his
under{}þeoden. to ȝelaðie þis folc. hwet bute ícome súm cófer
su{m} láter`su{m} frend su{m} fend´. ⁊ was idon bí ha{m} al swá
ær cweðe [we] þ̵ isett was. Þa hit þer to co{m}. þ̵ se hlaford
in{}to þar halle come. mid his dierewur{ð} ȝeferede. mid ǽrlen ⁊
aldren. mid cn`i´hten {20} mid þeínen. þa cweð se hlafor to his.
Æér þan{n} we mid ure frienden toðe mete gó. sce{w}ie we þes
uncoðe mæn ur ȝefó. þa hi to for hi{m} cóme. þa wénte he hin to
ha{m} ⁊ þus cweð. Un [f. 56v²] wraste man wat lacede ȝéu an alle
míre rice þat ȝíe hatrede ⁊ wid{er}wardnesse aȝénes me ȝe
win[ne] sceolde. ⁊ to mine `fá´ ȝebugon. Swá ibrúce ic mine {25}
rice ne scule ȝíe mine mete ibite. ac scule þa þe hit mid mire
lufe ȝearnede. Þa þis was iségd. þa were cofe abruden into
þest{er}nesse. þe hi sturfe hungre. ⁊ se hlaford nam {w}iði{nne}
to is frenden ⁊ et ⁊ dranc ⁊ macede hine wel bliðe mid his `⁊
þer hi hadden brad ⁊ win. ⁊ vii. sandon´. {30}

    [Linenotes:
    V. 11. _se_] _fe_ MS. || 18. _sum ... fend_ added on margin. ||
    20. _dierewurð_] _dierewurd_ MS. || _⁊ aldren_ over an erasure. ||
    21. _þeínen_ over an erasure. || 22. _scewie_] _scepie_ MS. ||
    28. _wiðinne_] _hit hī_ MS. || 29. _⁊ þer ... sandon_ added
    lengthwise on margin.]

    [[_“sum ... fend” printed as shown in text, without leading space_]]

¶[N]u gode menn understandeð þis bispel. Þes king is ure hlaford
almihti god þe is king ofer alle kingen. ⁊ hlaford ofer alle
hlafordé. S[t]rang he his ⁊ michti. for he ȝesceop alle þing of
nahte. ⁊ na þing ne máȝi áȝenes his wille. ne hi{m} wiðstande.
for{}þan hi{m} séigd se wítíȝe. _Qui celor{um} {con}tines
t{ro}nos_ ⁊ c. þ̵ is. hlaford `of mihte´ {35} þe {h}alst hefenen
þri{m}settles. ⁊ tó neowelnes`se´ þe und{er} eorðe is
be{}locést. ·iii· p{r}ou. þe dunan þu a`wiðhst´ mid þina hand;
he is íwiss mihti for{}þ{an} þe non mihté nis buto{n} fra{m} him.
His land is all þes middenard. for he alle ȝesceop. ⁊ all dihte
wið ute swince. He us is · king · ⁊ sceppend. ⁊ fader. ⁊
hlaford. King for he mid rihtwisnesse {40} diht `man ⁊ engel god
⁊ euel´. sceppende. for he us machede lichame ⁊ sawle ableow.
feder for he us fett ⁊ scred. ⁊ forðteh alse is cyldren. hlaford
forþa{n} þe is ȝéie ⁊ drednesse is ofer hus. ⁊ `þas´ áh to
bie{n}ne. He is hure fad{er}. he lenð us his eorðe tó tolie.
h{is} corn to sawe. his eorðe us werpð corn ⁊ westm. níatt. ⁊
dierchin. his loht leóem ⁊ lif. {45} his wát{er} · drench ⁊
fiscẏnn. his fér manifeald þenínge. his sónne. mone. sterren.
rien. dáw. wind. wude. `unitald fultume´ al þ̵ we habbeð of þése
feder we habbeð. of wa{m} we alle ⁊ us siel{f}e habbeð. Múȝe we
ahct clepeien hine mod{er} wene we. ȝíe muȝe we. hwat deð si
moder hire bearn. formes[t] hi hit che{r}eð ⁊ blissið be þe
lichte. ⁊ {50} seþe hi dieð und{er} hire árme [f. 57r¹] oðer
hi`s´ hafed heleð to don hi{m} slepe. ⁊ reste.

    [Linenotes:
    35. _of mihte_ added on margin. || 36. _halst_] MS. _alste_. ||
    37. _awiðhst_] the last six letters on margin. At beginning of
    following line _hst eorðe belucst mid_. || 38. _þan_] MS.
    _þ̵ = þat_. || 44. _his_] _he_ MS. || 48. _sielfe_] _sielþe_ MS. ||
    50. _chereð_] _cheteð_ MS.]

Þis deð all ȝíure drihte. he blisseð hus mid dȝéies licht. h[e]
sweueð hus mid þiestre nicht. Gíet for an oðre þing god ȝescop
þa niht. He wat wel þ̵ maníȝe men bieð sa ful of ȝéscung. mihti
efre ísí. Ná ȝewóld ha{m} selfe. to bigeten wrldlic échte.
þer{}for {55} god haf{ð} ȝescepe ha{m} reste. súme `wile´
hare`s´ u{n}þances. ȝeíet he cweð a wunder word to þar sawle bi
þa witíe ysaia{m}. _Nu{m}q{ui}d pot{est} mulier obliuisci
infante{m} s{uum} u{t} n{on} m{isereatur} fi{lio} u{teri}
s{ui}._ þ̵ is la líef maȝíe wima{n} forȝete{n} his oge cild. þ̵
hi ne milsi. hire bárn of hire ogen innoð. ⁊ ȝief hi for{}ȝiet
þah{}hwéðer nell íc {60} for{}ȝete þe cweð drihte. be þa{m} þe
he fad{er} is ⁊ lafórd he hi{m} sel{f} cwe{ð} be þe witíe. _Si
ego p{ate}r u{bi} {est} honor m{eus}. si d{ominus} u{bi} {est}
ti{m}`or´ m{eu}s._ þ̵ is. gif ic fader ha{m}. wer his mi
ma{n}scipe. ȝif ic. hlaford wer hís mine aȝéíe? þer{}fore. G. m.
ure king. we oȝeð wr`h´mint. hur sceappend al þat we bieð. ure
fader soðe lufe. ur h`l´aford {65} drednesse. ⁊ þis is séo king
þe wile wíte an alle his und{er}þeode wá hine lufeð ⁊ hwa hine
hateð. hwá hi{m} is frend oðer fend. ⁊ þer{}for he hað ȝelaðed
alle fol[c]. to ane dȝéíe. þ̵ is dome`s´ dȝeíe. þ̵ hi alle þer
beon be þe latst. hwé seden ærst þ̵ þes ærndraces wer isent of
fif cheðen. swa ibeoð. þas fif cheðen beoð fif lágan. for{}þan
þe god is {70} þurh þesen ȝecnówé.

    [Linenotes:
    56. _hafð_] _hafd_ MS. || 57. _word_] _worder_ MS. || 61. _self
    cweð_] _selþ cwed_ MS. || 71. _þesen_] _þ_ corr. out of _p_.]

Si forme lage þ̵ is si ȝécénde lage. þe god sett formest an þes
ma{n}nes heorte. þ̵ is þat non man ne don oðere. buton þ̵ þe he
wolde þ̵ me ded[e] hi{m}. ⁊ don his nixta{n} al þ̵ he wolde þ̵
me ded[e]hi{m}. Wið{}ute þeser láge ni`s´ man þe ȝescod habbe.
Ærndraces of þisser lage wer abel. Seth. enoc. Nóe. ⁊ swíce
gode {75} man. Seðe þes mid{de}nard was ȝestaþeled fra{m} þa
forme man to þa latst þe wrð ét þes [f. 57r²] wrldes ende. nas
tid ne týme ne ne wrð. þ̵ god ne send gode mænn his folc forte
ȝelaðie to his rice. Ac si láge sóne adiligde. þurh unwreaste
leahtru{m} ⁊ manifald sénne. Þer{}efter arerde god þas lage þurh
moẏse{n} þe heretoche of his {80} folce þe he þa ȝecás. ⁊ wráte
his hi{m} self in stanene wax{}br`e´dene. ⁊ si ȝeleste sume
wíle. ⁊ þer{}of were larþawes ⁊ ȝelaðieres Moises ⁊ aaro{n}. ⁊
samuel. ⁊ fele oðre. Swa la{n}ge þ̵ si alswa swið[e] abreað. ⁊
adiliȝede. þurh unhersa{m}nesse. wat hit co{m} to þa time þe god
sende þe halie witíge. ⁊ hi þa arérdon mid hare wríte þurh þes
halíe gastes {85} gífe `þa´ god lage. ⁊ rihtleceden þ̵ folc swa
se hi mihte{n}. ⁊ bodeden ure`s´ hlafordes to{}cýme ses helendes
ih{es}u c{ri}stes. þe sceolde his aȝén wille. þurh his gastes
ȝífe in ure heorte wríte. ⁊ don ús mid his mihte þ̵ stef{}creft
ne mihte. ⁊ an þesser láȝe of þe witȝin. wer laðieres móche.

    [Linenote:
    89. _ne_ corr. out of _na_.]

Eft bine fece ⁊ þes lare ⁊ lage swiðe acolede þurh
manifea[l]d {90} {s}énne. ⁊ hur ⁊ hur þurh false gódes þe ælc
þiode ha{m} selfe macéde. sume of golde. súm of silure. of
treowe. of stane. ⁊ awente godes lof ⁊ wrhminte fra{m} þe
sceappende to þare ȝesceafte. swa þ̵ þa ure halende wes accenned
of þa{m} unwe{m}mede mede sante Marie. al se midde{n}nard was
mid senne begripe. ⁊ al fol`c´ ȝede i{n}{}to þe`s´ diefles muðe.
buto{n} {95} wel feáwe of wa{m} his lefe moder wes istriened. he
þa arerd alle godnisse. ⁊ sette his halíe láge. ⁊ þat þe móre
his. ȝiaf miht ⁊ stre{n}cþe þur{h} þe gief of his gaste his
hesne to fulforðie. þ̵ non oðre laȝe ne mihte. ⁊ understandeð
hwu. Þri ampres were an mancyn ær his to cyme. Ure acenneng wes
ful. u{r} lif unwreast. ur deað grislic. he {100} co{m} ⁊
brochte þri þi{n}[g] þ{er} aȝén. he wes acénde of þe clene mede.
þe efer þurh lefede mede. hi`s´ lif was haliȝe. his deað ful of
milce. his clene acennende clé{n}séde ure fule acenne{n}de. his
hali lif rihtlecede ure unwreaste lif. his admoded deað
ofer{}co{m}. ⁊ fordede ure soriȝe ⁊ ȝelice deað. þís is
[f. 57v¹] si fierðe láge.

    [Linenotes:
    90. _manifeald sénne_] _manifead fénne_ MS. || 98. _þurh_]
    _þurl_ MS. || 100. _ur_] _un_ MS.]

An þisser were ærndraces ⁊ {105} ȝelaðieres þa ap{ost}les ⁊ þe
leorni{n}ch[n]ihtes. þer{}efter ures helendes upstíȝe to heuene.
þa ap{ost}les ⁊ hare íunglenges þe[r] efter come halíe men ⁊ þe
hafedmen þe nu beoð in halíe cyrce. ⁊ wrðeð of domes déȝe. þurh
þes hali gastes ȝífe. ⁊ al{}swa ure helende ha{m} leórde. maníȝe
þing [t]ehten þa folce to freme. ⁊ þis is si fifte lage. An
þisser beoð bedeles {110} ⁊ laðieres to b{e}rie archebisc{opes}.
⁊ biscop{es}. prestes. ⁊ hare ȝegeng. Ac þah we fif næ{m}míe.
alle hi [beoð an] on godes wille. ⁊ élc of ha{m} ȝestrenð ⁊
fulfellþ oðre. Of þeses fif ceþen ⁊ of hare bedeles we habbeð
ȝéu ȝéséd. Of þe folce we siggeð þ̵ hit cu{m}þ fastlice. fram
middenardes anginn alse fele alse deade beoð alse fele beoð to
b{er}ie ícóme. wat frend. {115} wat fá. ⁊ elce déȝíe þícce
þringeð. Ac ȝief ȝé habbeð und{er}stande þ̵ we ȝíu er séde. eter
gate me his scýft. ⁊ þer me hi to ȝesceodeð. Si gate þ̵ is elces
mannes endedeíe. þ{an} he stepð ut of þese life into þan oðre.
Ac we sede ȝehw. þ̵ ȝief he frend were me sceolde ȝief hi{m} his
mórȝe mete þ̵ he þe bet mihte abide þan{n} more mete.

    [Linenotes:
    112. _hi_] _hit_ MS. || 118. _þan_] _þ̵_ MS. || _oðre_]
     _ooðre_ MS.]

Swa hit is here. {120} þ{an} se gode man þe godes lufe hað
ȝéfolged to is ende cu{m}þ. wite{r}lice wið{}ut uúantruce þer
cumeð þe hali engles hi{m} tó. ⁊ ȝéf hað ahte uniwasse oðer hit
wrð ȝewasse iþer pine of þe deaðe þe he her þáleð. oðer efter
mid eðelice lette. ⁊ þ{an} lat me þa sawle to merchestowe. þ̵
his se morȝemete si blisse þe he hað an þar sawle. þat wite ȝe
wel. {125} nan halege nað his fulle blisse er he under{}fó
adomes deíe his licame. þ̵ wrð se fulle mete. þa{n} se mann mid
sawle ⁊ mid licame und{er}-fangð sicernesse of écer blisse. ⁊
wat beli{m}pð hit ȝief he fend his `þe´ to þare gate cu{m}þ? God
þurh his [f. 57v²] mucele milce ne letes us nefer fandie. Ac
naþeles ȝief he fend his an unwreast mann þer beoð {130} anú
ȝeréd`i´e. þe weregede gastes þe hine uniredlice und{er}fangeð
mi{d} stiarne swupen. Alse fele unþeawes alse hade upe him ⁊
sennenn. al swa fendes he þer ȝemet. hīne to und{er}fó. ⁊ to don
hīne into þiesternesse. oft a domes dȝéi alle godes fend simle
fra{m} his ȝesecðe abroden bienn ⁊ hi[n] to hare lean ha{m} þe
lange scel ȝeleste.

    [Linenotes:
    121. _þan_] _þ̵_ MS. || _witerlice_] _witetlice_ MS. || 124. _þan_]
    _þ̵_ MS. || 131. _mid_] _min_ MS.]

Þus hit hað íbí ⁊ {135} is. ⁊ wrð oft domesdei. Ac þan{n} hit
þer to cumþ þ̵ se hlaford á þe mucele deíe. cumþ forté ísí ⁊
frend ⁊ fend. þann cumþ all his und{er}þiede hi{m} to{}fore. þer
he sit mid his derewrþe ȝefered mid niȝen anglene had. mid þer
unwēmmed meide his moder. mid his ap{ost}len. mid þa
hágefad{er}en. ⁊ þo halíȝe wítien. mid martiren. mi[d]
hali {140} {con}fessore{n} mid halie meiden. mid al þan þe þer
midenarde for his lufe werpeð abéc. ⁊ lagelice her hi{m} þenið.
wic ȝeíe. wic drednesse wurð þer. þ{an} þat fer to{}for hi{m}
abernð þ̵ middenard. þ{an} si eorðe alle cwace{ð} þan þe sterren
falleð. si sunne ⁊ se mone aþestreð for godes b{ri}ctnesse. þe
wlcne to gað. and si hali rode tacne mid þe {145} spere ⁊ mid þe
neiles þurh angles beoð forð ibrocht. þan{n} þe angles cwaciað.
⁊ tó richtwíse ha{m} adredeð. wat sceol se senfulle don. þe
isecgð þer his richtwise deme. þe non ne maíe bechece. non
beswice. he his hi{m} sel{f} witnisse ⁊ deme. Wat sceol se
wrecce don. þe bufon iséȝð his hlaford þe he ȝegremed áfeð.
under hi{m} helle muð open. {150} abuuten hi{m} all folc. hi{m}
selfe bi s`c´a[n]dlice senne beswapen. þer ne mái no{n} frend
oðre helpe. ælc had innóh to do{n}ne a{n} hi{m} selfe. Þan
seie{ð} ha{m} god þe geltẏ ma{n}ne{n} ȝe seneȝeden. an ȝeur
écenesse. ⁊ ȝe scule [f. 58r¹] birne an mire écenisse. Ȝe
seneȝden alse lange alse ȝé lefede ⁊ ȝe scule birne alse lo{n}ge
as íc lefie.

    [Linenotes:
    140. _þo_ corr. out of _to_ | _hali ȝewitien_ MS. || 143. _þan_]
    _þ̵_ MS. || _middenard_] _middernad_ MS. || _þan_] _þ̵_ MS. ||
    144. _cwaceð_] _cwaced_ MS. || 149. _self_] _selþ_ MS. ||
    153. _seieð_] _seied_ MS.]

Witeð into éce fer. þe is {155} `ȝ´æarced mine fó ⁊ his ȝegen.
Son[e] hi wrðeð abroden of his ȝesecþe. ⁊ þan sone geð se
hlaford mid his frenden to his mete. þ̵ his to is esten. þe seið
an þan hali write _Delicie méé sunt e{ss}e cu{m} filiis
ho{minum}_. þat is. Mine esten beoð wunian mid mannen bearnen.
Ac we sed[en] ȝíu litl her þ̵ hi sceolde{n} abbe{n} god b{ra}d ⁊
uin. ⁊ vii {160} sonden. hi sculen habe þ̵ brad þe{}seið iþe
godspel. _Ego su{m} panis uiu{us} q{ui} d{e} c{elo} d{escendi}._
Þet is. Ic ám cwuce bread þe astah fram hefene. seȝð ure
helende. Se þe of þese brad ett. ne sterfeð he nefer. Þis bread
was ímaced of ane `h´wete corne. al{}swa se he cweð ȝeðe
godspelle. _Nisi {gra}n{um} frum{en}ti_. ⁊ c. þis corn was
ȝesawen {165} þurh þes ængles muð into ðes meidenes ære Marie.
in þare burh of nazareth. þis corn có{m} fer`s´t i{n}ne
bethlée{m}. þ̵ cweð us of breade. hit wex ⁊ bleówu. in iudea.
hit rípede in ier{usa}l{e}m. Judas ⁊ þat leoðre folc hit répén.
⁊ deden hit an þar rode alswa alse be{}twenen melstanent. Se{ð}e
hit was idon into þer berient alswa into hófne. þanen {170} hit
was ibroht up into heofene to þes hahes hlafordes borde. þer hit
fet. ⁊ engles. ⁊ mancinn in écenisse. ⁊ þis is hare b`r´ead.
hwer scule we win finden? Al swa se he cweð. _Ego su{m} uitis
uera._ ⁊ c.

    [Linenotes:
    160. _gṛod_ MS. || 162. _þe_] _q̣þe_ MS. || 167. _cóm_]
    _cón_ MS. || 170. _Seðe_] _sede_ MS.]



VI. THE PROVERBS OF ALFRED

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Jesus College, Oxford, E 29, formerly Arch. i. 29 (J).... written not
long after 1276 (Anglia xxx, 222).... Our piece is written continuously
as prose, each stanza forming a paragraph, but iv and v are in one
without l. 54, which is here supplied, while l. 43 is written at the end
of the preceding paragraph and similarly the lines beginning viii-xvii,
xix-xxiii. The scribe was evidently struggling with an original which he
could not always read; see footnote to l. 105.

“.... the copy of the Poema Morale in the same MS. has undergone a
drastic revision which sets it apart among the versions of that poem,
and the version of the Owl and Nightingale has suffered, though not to
the same extent. On the other hand MS. T was copied by a man who was
incapable of remodelling it; though a ruin, it often preserves in
details the original.”]]


INCIPIUNT DOCUMENTA REGIS ALUREDI.

[Headnote: Þus Queþ Alured]


  ++At Seuorde   séte þeynes monye.                             [f. 262r
  fele Biscopes.   and feole. bok iléred.
  Eorles prute.   knyhtes egleche.
  þar wes þe eorl Alu{ri}ch.
  of þare lawe swiþe wis.                                              5
  And ek Ealured   englene hurde.
  Englene durlyng{;}
  on englene londe he wes kyng.
  Heom he bi{}gon lére.
  so ye mawe i{}hure.                                                 10
  hw hi. heore lif   lede scholden.
  Alured. he wes in englene lond.
  and king. wel swiþe strong.
  He wes king. and he wes clerek.
  wel he luuede godes werk.                                           15
  He wes wis on his word.   and war. on his werke.
  he wes þe wysuste mo{n}{;}
  þat wes englelonde on.


ii

  +Þ+vs queþ Alured   englene frouer.
  wolde ye mi leode.   lusten éure lou{er}de.                         20
  he óu wolde wyssye.   wisliche þinges.
  hw ye myhte worldes.   wrþsipes welde.
  and ek eure saule.   somnen to criste.
  wyse were þe wordes.   þe seyde þe king Alured. |
  +M+ildeliche ich Munye.   myne leoue freond.                  [f. 262v
  poure and riche.   leode myne                                       26
  þat ye alle a{}drede.   vre dryhten crist.
  luuyen hine and lykyen.   for he is lou{er}d of lyf.
  He is one. god{;}   ouer alle godnesse.
  He is one gleaw.   ou{er} alle glednesse.                           30
  He is one. blisse.   ou{er} alle blissen.
  He is one monne.   Mildest mayster.
  He is one. folkes   fader. and frouer.
  He is one. rihtwis.   and so riche king.
  þat him ne schal beo wone.   nouht of his wille.                    35
  {þe} hine her on worlde.   wrþie þencheþ.

    [Linenote:
    36. _þe_] _wc_ MS.]


iii

  +Þ+vs queþ alured.   englene urouer.
  Ne may non ryhtwis king.   vnder criste seoluen.
  Bute if he beo   in boke ilered.
  And he. his wyttes   swiþe wel kunne.                               40
  And he cunne lettres.   lokie him{}seolf one.
  hw he schule his lond   laweliche holde.


iv

  Þus queþ Alured.
  +Þ+e eorl and þe eþelyng.
  ibureþ vnder gódne. king.                                           45
  þat lond to leden.
  myd lawelyche deden.
  And þe clerek and þe knyht.
  he schulle démen euelyche riht.
  þe poure. and þe ryche.                                             50
  démen ilyche.
  Hwych{}so þe mon soweþ{;}
  al swuch he schal mowe.
  And eu{er}uyches monnes dom.   to his owere dure churreþ.

    [Linenote:
    52. After _mon_, erasure of two letters.]


v

  [Þus queþ Alured.]
  þan knyhte bi{}houeþ.   kenliche on to fóne.                        55
  for{}to werie þat lond.   wiþ hunger and wiþ herivnge.
  þat þe chireche habbe gryþ.
  And þe cheorl beo in fryþ.
  his sedes to sowen.
  his medes to mowen.                                                 60
  And his plouh beo i{}dryue.
  to vre alre bihoue.
  þis is þes knyhtes lawe.
  loke he þat hit wel fare.


vi

  +Þ+vs queþ Alured.                                                  65
  þe mon. þe on his youhþe.   yeorne leorneþ.
  wit and wisdom.   and i{}writen reden{;}
  he may beon on elde.   wenliche lorþeu.
  And þe þat nule one youhþe   yeorne leorny.
  wit and wysdom.   and iwriten rede.                                 70
  þat him schal on elde.   sore rewe.
  þenne cumeþ elde.
  and vnhelþe.
  þenne beoþ his wéne
  ful wroþe isene.                                                    75
  Boþe heo beoþ bi{}swike.   and eke hi beoþ a{}swunde.


vii

  þus queþ Alured.
  Wyþ{}vte wysdome   is weole wel vnwurþ.
  for þey o mon ahte.   huntseuenti Acres.
  and he hi hadde isowen.   alle myd reade golde.                     80
  And þ̵ | gold greowe.   so gres doþ on eorþe.                  [f. 263r
  nere he for his weole.   neuer þe furþer.
  Bute he him of frumþe.   freond iwrche.
  for. hwat is gold. bute ston.
  bute if hit haueþ wismon.                                           85

    [Linenote:
    85. After _wismon_, _ut_ deleted.]


viii

  þus queþ Alu{re}d.
  +N+e scolde neuer yongmon   howyen to swiþe.
  þeih him his wyse   wel ne lykie.
  Ne þeih he ne welde.   al þat he wolde.
  for god may. yeue   god after vuele.                                90
  weole after wowe.   þenne he wule.
  wel is him þat hit ischapen is.

    [Linenote:
    91. _þenne he wule_ after _yeue_ in l. 90.]


ix

  þus seyþ Alured.
  +S+trong hit is to reowe.
  a{}yeyn þe séé þat floweþ.                                          95
  so it is to swynke.
  a{}yeyn vnylimpe.
  þe mon. þe on his youhþe.
  swo swinkeþ.
  and worldes weole her iwinþ.                                       100
  þat he may on elde.
  idelnesse holde.
  And ek myd his worldes weole.
  god iqueme er he quele.
  youþe and al þat he haueþ i{}drowe.                                105
  is þenne wel bi{}towe.

    [Linenote:
    105. _youþe_ in darker ink in a space too large for it;
    similarly _doweþes_, l. 118; _wlonk_, l. 124; _vouh_, l. 129;
    _Mayþenes_, l. 130.]


x

  þus queþ Alured.
  +M+onymon weneþ   þat he wene ne{}þarf.
  longes lyues.   ac him lyeþ þe wrench.
  for þanne his lyues   alre best luuede.                            110
  þenne he schal léten{;}   lyf his owe.
  for nys no wrt uexynde   a wude. ne a velde.
  þat euer mvwe þas feye   furþ vp{}holde.
  Not no mon þene tyme.
  hwanne he schal. heonne turne.                                     115
  Ne nomon þene ende.
  hwenne he schal heonne wende.
  Dryhten hit one wot.   doweþes lou{er}d.
  hwanne [we] vre lif   leten schule.


xi

  þus queþ Alured.                                                   120
  +Y+f þu seoluer and gold.
  ye{t}st and weldest in þis world.
  Neu{er} vpen eorþe.
  to wlonk. þu ny wrþe.
  Ayhte nys non ildre istreon{;}                                     125
  ac hit is godes lone.
  hwanne hit is his wille.   þar{}of we schulle wende.
  And vre owe lyf.   myd alle for{}leten.
  þanne schulle vre ifon.   to vre vouh. gripen.
  welden vre Mayþenes.   and leten vs by{}hinde.                     130

    [Linenote:
    122. _yetst_] _yefst_ MS.]


xii

  þus queþ Alured.
  +N+e{}ilef þu nouht to fele.   uppe þe séé þat floweþ.
  If þu hafst madmes   monye and inowe.
  gold and seoluer.   hit schal gnyde to nouht.
  to duste hit schal dryuen.   Dryhten schal | libben euere.    [f. 263v
  Monymon for his gold.   haueþ godes vrre.                          136
  And for his seoluer.   hym{}seolue for{}yemeþ.
          for{}yeteþ and for{}leseþ.
  Betere him by{}come   iboren þat he nére.


xiii

  þus queþ Alured.
  +L+vsteþ ye me leode.                                              140
  ower is þe neode.
  And ich eu wille lére.   wit and wisdom.
  þat alle þing ou{er}{}goþ.
  syker he may sitte.   þe hyne haueþ to i{}vere.
  For þeyh his eyhte him a{}go.                                      145
  his wit ne a{}goþ hym neu{er}{}mo.
  for ne may he for{}vare.
  þe hyne haueþ to vere.
  þe wile his owe lyf.   ileste mote.

    [Linenote:
    149. After _þe_, _þ_ erased.]


xiv

  þus queþ Alured.                                                   150
  +I+f þu hauest seorewe.
  ne seye þu hit nouht þan arewe.
  seye hit þine sadelbowe.   and ryd þe singinde forþ.
  þenne wile wene.   þet þine wise ne con{;}
  þat þe þine wise wel lyke.                                         155
  serewe if þu hauest.   and þe erewe hit wot{;}
  by{}fore. he þe meneþ{;}
  by{}hynde he þe teleþ.
  þu hit myht segge swyhc mo{n}.
  þat þe ful wel on.                                                 160
  wyþ{}vte echere ore.
  he on þe Muchele more.
  By{}hud hit on þire heorte{;}
  þat þe eft ne smeorte.
  Ne let þu hyne wite.                                               165
  al þat þin heorte by{}wite.


xv

  þus queþ Alured.
  +N+e schal tu neuere þi wif.   by hire wlyte cheose.
  for neu{er} nóne þinge.   þat heo to þe bryngeþ.
  Ac leorne hire custe.   heo cuþeþ hi wel sone.                     170
  For mony mon for ayhte.   vuele iauhteþ.
  And ofte mon of fayre.   frakele icheoseþ.
  wo is him þat vuel wif.
  bryngeþ to his cotlyf.
  So him is alyue{;}                                                 175
  þat vuele ywyueþ.
  For he schal vppen eorþe.
  dreori i{}wurþe.
  Monymo{n} singeþ.
  þat wif hom bryngeþ.                                               180
  wiste he hwat he brouhte.
  wepen he myhte.


xvi

  þus queþ Alured.
  +N+e wurþ þu neuer so wod.   ne so wyn{}drunke.
  þat éuere segge þine wife.   alle þine wille.                      185
  For if þu iseye þe bi{}vore.   þine ivo alle.
  And þu hi myd worde   iwreþþed heuedest.
  Ne scholde heo hit lete.   for þing lyuyinde.
  þat heo ne scholde þe forþ vp{}breyde.   of þine baleu{}syþes.
  wymmon is word. woþ.   ⁊ haueþ tunge to swift.                     190
  þeyh heo wel wolde.
  ne{}may heo. hi no{}wiht welde.


xvii

  þus queþ Alfred. |
  +I+delschipe and ou{er}{}prute.                               [f. 264r
  þat lereþ yong wif vuele þewes.                                    195
  And ofte þat wolde.
  do. þat heo ne scholde.
  þene vnþev lihte.
  leten heo myhte.
  If heo ofte a swóte   for{}swunke were.                            200
  þeyh hit is vuel to buwe.
  þat beo nule treowe.
  For ofte Museþ þe kat.   aft{er} hire moder.
  þe mon þat let wymmon   his mayster iwurþe.
  Ne schal he neu{er} beon ihurd.                                    205
  his wordes lou{er}d.
  Ac heo hine schal steorne
  to{}trayen. and to{}teóne.
  And selde wurþ he blyþe and gled.
  þe mon þat is his wiues qued.                                      210
  Mony appel is bryht wiþ{}vte.   and Bitter wiþ{}inne.
  So is mony wymmon.   on hyre fader bure.
  Schene vnder schete.   and þeyh heo is schendful.
  So is mony gedelyng.   godlyche on horse.
  and is þeyh lutel wurþ.                                            215
  wlonk bi þe glede.
  and v́uel at þare neode.


xviii

  þus queþ. Al{ured}.
  [+N+]Eure þu bi þine lyue.
  þe word of þine wyue.                                              220
  to swiþe þu. ne aréde.
  If heo beo i{}wreþþed
  myd worde. oþer myd dede.
  wymmo{n} wepeþ for mod.
  oftere þan for eny god.                                            225
  And ofte lude ⁊ stille.
  for to vor{}drye hire wille.
  Heo wepeþ oþer{}hwile.
  for to do þe gyle.
  Salomon hit haueþ i{}sed.                                          230
  þat wymmon can wel vuelne red.
  þe hire red foleweþ.
  heo bryngeþ hine to seorewe.
  for hit seyþ in þe loþ.
  as scumes for{}teoþ.                                               235
  hit is i{}furn i{}seyd.
  þ̵ cold red is quene red.
  hu he is vnlede.
  þat foleweþ hire rede.
  Ich hit ne segge nouht for þan.                                    240
  þat god þing. ys god wymmon.
  þe mon þe hi may i{}cheose.   and i{}couere over oþre.

    [Linenotes:
    219. _Eure_ MS. || 224. _mod_] first stroke of _m_ erased.]


xix

  þus queþ Alured.
  +M+onymon weneþ   þat he weny ne þarf.
  Freond þat he habbe.   þar me him vayre bi{}hat.                   245
  Seyþ him vayre bi{}vore.   and frakele bi{}hynde.
  so me may þane loþe   lengust lede.
  Ne ilef þu neu{er} þane mon.
  þat is of feole speche{n}.
  Ne alle þe þinge.                                                  250
  þat þu i{}herest singe{n}.
  Mony mon haueþ swikelne muþ.
  milde and monne for{}cuþ.
  Nele he þe cuþe.   hwenne he þe wule bi{}kache.


xx

  þus queþ Alured.                                                   255
  +Þ+vrh sawe mon is wis.   And þurh hiselþe. glev.
  þurh lesinge mon is loþ.   and þurh luþre wrenches.
  And | vnwurþ.                                                 [f. 264v
  And þurh hokede honde. þat he bereþ.
  him seolue he for{}vareþ.                                          260
  From lesynge þu þe wune.
  And alle vnþewes þu þe bi{}schune.
  so myht þu on þeode.
  leof beon in alle leode.
  And luue þyne nexte.   he is at þe neode gód.                      265
  At chepynge. and at chyreche.
  freond þu þe iwurche.
  wyþ pou{er}e and wiþ riche.
  wiþ alle monne ilyche.
  þanne myht þu sikerliche.   sely sytte.                            270
  And ek faren ouer lond le
  hwider so beoþ þi wille.

    [Linenote:
    256. _his elþe. mon is glev_ MS.]


xxi

  þus queþ Alured.
  +A+lle world{}ayhte
  schulle bi{}cumen to nouhte.                                       275
  And vyches cunnes madmes.   to mixe schulen i{}Multen.
  And vre owe lif.   lutel hwile ileste.
  for þeyh o mon.   wolde al þe worlde.
  And al þe wunne.   þe þar{}inne wunyeþ.
  Ne myhte he þar{}myde his lif.   none hwile holde.                 280
  Ac al he schal for{}leten.   on a litel stunde.
  And schal vre blisse{;}   to balewe us iwurþe.
  Bute if we wurcheþ.   wyllen cristes.
  Nu biþenche we þanne vs sulue.
  vre lif to leden.   so crist vs gynneþ lere.                       285
  þanne mawe we wenen.   þat he wule vs wrþie.
  for so seyde salomon. þe wise.
  þe mon þat her wel deþ.
  he cumeþ þar he lyen foþ.
  on his lyues ende.                                                 290
  he hit schal a{}vynde.


xxii

  þus queþ Alured.
  +N+e gabbe þu ne schotte.
  ne chid þu wyþ none sotte.
  ne myd manyes cunnes tales.                                        295
  ne chid þu wiþ nenne dwales.
  Ne neu{er} þu ne bigynne.
  to telle þine tyþinges.
  At nones fremannes borde.
  ne haue þu to vale worde.                                          300
  Mid fewe word{e}. wismon
  fele bi{}luken wel con.
  And sottes bolt is sone iscohte.
  for{}þi ich holde hine for dote.
  þat sayþ al his wille.                                             305
  þanne he scholde beon stille.
  For ofte tunge brekeþ bon{;}
  þeyh heo seolf nabbe non.


xxiii

  þus queþ Alured.
  +W+is child is fader blisse.                                       310
  Jf hit so bi{}tydeþ   þat þu bern ibidest.
  þe hwile hit is lutel.   ler him mon{}þewes.
  þanne hit is | wexynde{;}   hit schal wende þar{}to.          [f. 265r
  þe betere hit schal iwurþe
  euer buuen eorþe.                                                  315
  Ac if þu him lest welde.   werende on worlde.
  lude and stille.
  his owene wille.
  hwanne cumeþ ealde.
  ne myht þu hyne awelde.                                            320
  þanne deþ hit sone.
  þat þe biþ vnyqueme.
  Ofer{}howeþ þin ibod.
  and makeþ þe ofte sory{}mod.
  Bet{er}e þe were.                                                  325
  iboren þat he nere.
  for betere is child vnbore.   þane vnbuhsum.
  þe mon þe spareþ yeorde.   and yonge child{e}.
  and let hit arixlye.   þat he hit areche ne may.
  þat him schal on ealde{;}   sore reowe.   Am{en}.                  330

Expl{iciunt} dicta Regis Aluredi.



VII. MEMENTO MORI

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“As for no. vi.”]]


  +M+on may longe lyues wene.                                   [f. 252v
  Ac ofte him lyeþ þe wrench.
  feyr weder turneþ ofte in to reyne.
  ⁊ wunderliche makeþ his blench.
  þar{}vore mon. þu þe by{}þench.                                      5
  Al schal falwy þi grene.
  waylaway. nys king ne quene.
  þat ne schal drynke of deþes drench.
  Mon er þu falle of þi bench.
  þyne sunne þu aquench.                                              10

  +N+is non so strong. ne sterk. ne kene.
  þat may ago deþes wyþer blench.|
  Yung and olde. briht and schene.                              [f. 253r
  Alle he ryueþ on o streng.
  Fox and ferlych is his wrench.                                      15
  Ne may no mon þar{}to{}yeynes.
  way{}laway þreting ne bene.
  Mede. liste. ne leches drench.
  Mon let sunne and lustes þine.
  wel þu do ⁊ wel þu þench.                                           20

  Do bi salomones rede.
  Mon. ⁊ þenne þu schalt wel do.
  Do as he þe tauhte and seyde.
  þat þin endinge þe bringeþ to.
  þenne ne schaltu neu{er} mys{}do.                                   25
  Ac sore þu myht þe adrede.
  way{}laway such weneþ to lede.
  Long lif. and blysse vnder{}fo.
  Ac deþ luteþ in his scho.
  Hym stilliche. to for{}do.                                          30

  +M+on hwi nultu þe bi{}knowe.
  Mon hwi nultu þe bi{}seo.
  of fule fulþe þu art isowe.
  wurmes fode. þu schalt beo.
  her nauestu blisse dayes þre.                                       35
  Ac þi lif al þu last in wowe.
  weylawey deþ þe schal a{}dun þrowe.
  þer þu wenest heyust to steo.
  In deþ schal þi lyf endi.
  And in wop al þi gleo.                                              40

  +W+orld and weole. þe bi{}swikeþ.
  I{}wis heo beoþ þine ifo.
  If þe world wiþ weole þe slykeþ
  þat is for to do þe wo.
  þare{}fore. let lust ouer{}go.                                      45
  And eft hit þe likeþ. |
  weylawey. sore he him bi{}swikeþ.                             [f. 253v
  þat for one stunde oþer two.
  wurcheþ him pyne. euer{}mo.
  Mon. ne do þu nouht swo.                                            50



VIII. POEMA MORALE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“i. Lambeth 487 (L), a small quarto, 177 × 135 mm., of 67 leaves,
written towards the end of the twelfth century... nos. x, xi. of this
book are also taken from it. The words printed in clarendon in these
three pieces are written in red, not inserted afterwards by a rubricator
but done at the same time as the rest of the text. The PM ends with
fordemet, l. 270, in the middle of a page; the final t has a flourish
for its cross stroke; the copyist had apparently no knowledge of any
more.

“ii. iii. Egerton 613, B. M.... has two copies of the PM: the second (e)
furnishes here a complement to the Lambeth MS. as far as l. 370, with
which it ends; the first (E) is used to complete the text. e was written
in the first quarter of the thirteenth century, E is somewhat later; the
former has accents, the latter none.

“iv. Trinity College, Cambridge, B. 14. 52 (T), on vellum, 135 × 105
mm.; written early in the thirteenth century.... A leaf is lost after
f 8, and a new hand begins with f 9; the PM appears to be a distinct MS.
(Anglia, iv. 408). The initials of each line are capitals and written
apart from their words. A later hand has glossed aihte 42, goodes; ore
53, favour, grace; lean 64, deserving; manke 70, Manca, Mancus.”]]

[[Passages “printed in clarendon” have been treated as +boldface+.]]


  (Lambeth MS.)

      (Trinity MS.)


    +ich em nu alder þene ich wes awintre ⁊ a lare.+             [f. 59v
    +Ich welde mare þene ich dede mi `wit´ ahte bon mare.+
  +Wel longe ich habbe child ibon a worde ⁊ a dede+
  +þa`h´ ich bo a wintre ald to ȝung ich em on rede.+
  vnnet lif ich habbe iled. ⁊ ȝet me þingþ ilede.                      5
  þenne ich me bi{}þenche wel ful sare ich me adrede.
  mest al þ̵ ich habbe idon bi{}fealt to child{}hade.
  Wel late ich habbe me bi{}þocht{;} bute God me nu rede.
  Fole idel word ich habbe iq{u}eðen soððen ich speke kuðe.
  fole ȝunge dede idon{;} þe me of{}þinchet nuðe.                     10

    [Linenotes:
    2. _ịḥc̣ ich_ MS. || _mi ịc̣ḥ ahte_; _wit_ in margin MS.]


      ++Ich am nu elder þan ich was a wintre ⁊ a lore.            [f. 1r
      Ich wealde more þan idude mi wit oh to be more
      To longe ich habbe child iben a worde ⁊ a dade.
      Þeih ibie a winter eald to jung ich am on rade.
      Vnnet lif ich habbe ilad ⁊ ȝiet me þincheð ilade                 5
      Þan ibiðenche me þar{}on wel sore ime adrade.
      Mast al ich habbe idon is idelnesse ⁊ chilce.
      Wel late ich habbe me bi{}þoht bute me god do milce.
      Fele idel word ich habbe ispeken seðen ich speken cuðe.
      ⁊ fele ȝeunge dade idon þe me ofðinkeð nuðe.                    10

  Mest al þ̵ me likede er nu{;} hit me mis{}likeð
  þa muchel fulieð his wil{;} hine solf he biswikeð.
  Ich mihte habbe bet idon. hefde ich þe iselþe.
  Nu ich walde ah ich ne mei{;} for elde ⁊ for un{}helþe.
  Elde me is bi{}stolen on. er ich hit wiste.                         15
  ne michte ich seon bi{}fore me. for smike ne for miste.
  Erȝe we beoð to done god. ⁊ to ufele al to þriste.
  Mare eie stondeð men of monne þanne hom do of c{ri}ste.
  þe wel ne doð þe hwile þe ho muȝen. wel oft hit schal rowen{;}
  þenne ȝe mawen sculen ⁊ repen þ̵ ho er sowen.                        20
  Do he to gode þ̵ he muȝe þe hwile þ̵ he bo aliue.
  ne lipnie na mon to | muchel to childe ne to wiue.             [f. 60r
  þe him solue forȝet for wiue ne for childe{;}
  he scal cumen in uuel stude bute him God bo milde.

    [Linenote:
    14. _un{}helẹþe_ MS.]

      Alto lome ich habbe igult a werke ⁊ a worde.
      Alto muchel ic habbe ispend to litel ileid on horde.
      Mast al þat me likede ar nu hit me mislicað.
      Þe mu[c]hel folȝeð his iwil him selfen he biswicað.
      Ich mihte habben bet idon. hadde ich þo iselðe                  15
      Nu ich wolde ac ine mai for elde ⁊ for unhalðe.
      Elde me is bistolen on ar ich hit iwiste
      Ne mai ich isien bifore me for smeche ne for miste.
      Arȝe we beð to don god to juel al to þriste
      More eie stondeð man of man þan him do of criste.               20
      Þe wel ne deð þe hwile he mai wel ofte hit sal him rewen.
      Þan alle men sulle ripen þat hie ar sewen.
      Do al to gode þat he muȝe ech þe hwile he beð aliue.
      Ne lipne noman to muchel to childe ne to wiue. |
      Þe þe him selfe forȝiet for wiue oðer for childe            [f. 1v
      He sal cumen on euel stede bute him god be milde.               26

        [Linenotes:
        19. _Ar ȝe_ MS. || _juel_] _j_ corr. out of _ȝ_. ||
        23. _h_ MS.]

  +Sendeð+ sum god bi{}foren eow. þe hw[i]le þ̵ ȝe muȝen to houene.    25
  for betere is an elmesse biforen{;} þenne boð eft{er} souene.
  Alto lome ich habbe igult a werke ⁊ o worde.
  Al to muchel ich habbe ispent. to litel ihud in horde.
  Ne beo þe loure þene þe solf{;} ne þin mei. ne þin maȝe.
  Soht is þ̵ is oðer`s´ monnes frond bet{re} þen his aȝen.             30
  Ne lipnie wif to hire were. ne were to his wiue
  bo for him solue ech .M{on}. þe `h´wile þ̵ he bo aliue.

    [Linenotes:
    27. _ịḷich_ MS. || 28. _ịḥ ich_ MS.]

      Sende god biforen him man þe hwile he mai to heuene
      For betre is on almesse biforen þan ben after seuene.
      Ne bie þe leuere þan þe self ne þi mæi ne þi mowe
      Sot is þe is oðer mannes frend betere þan his owen.             30
      Ne hopie wif to hire were ne were to his wiue
      Be for him self afric man þe hwile he beð aliue.

  +Wis is þe to him solue þench+ þe hwile þe mot libben.
  for sone wule hine forȝeten þe fremede ⁊ þe sibbe.
  þe wel ne deð þe hwile he mai{;} ne scal wenne he walde.            35
  Monies monnes sare iswinc habbeð oft un{}holde.
  Ne scal na mon don afirst. ne slawen wel to done.
  for moni mon bihateð wel þe hit forȝeteð sone.
  Þe .M{on}. þe wule siker bon to habben Godes blisse.
  do wel him solf hwile þ̵ he mai{;} þenne haueð he his mid iwisse.    40
  þes riche .M{en}. weneð bon siker þurh walle ⁊ þurh diche.
  þe deð his echte on sikere stude he hit sent to heueneriche.

      Wis þe him selue biðencheð þe hwile he mót libben
      For sone willeð him forȝiete þe fremde ⁊ þe sibbe.
      Þe wel ne doð þe hwile he mai ne sal he þan he wolde.           35
      For manimannes sore iswinc habbeð ofte unholde.
      Ne solde noman don a furst ne laten wel to done
      For maniman bihoteð wel þat hi forȝieteð sone.
      Þe man þe wile siker ben to habben godes blisse.
      Do wel him self þe hwile he mai þanne haueð hes mid iwisse.     40
      Þe richemen weneð siker ben þu`r´ch wallen ⁊ thurh dichen.
      He deð his aihte an siker stede þe hit sent to heueriche.

  for þer ne þerf he bon of{}dred of fure ne of þoue
  þer ne | þerf he him binimen þe laðe ne þe loue.               [f. 60v
  þer ne þerf he habben kare of ȝeve ne of ȝelde.                     45
  þider he sent. ⁊ solf bereð to lutel ⁊ to selde.
  +þider we sculen draȝen+ ⁊ don wel ofte ⁊ ilome.
  for þer ne scal me us naut binimen mid wrangwise dome.
  þider ȝe sculen ȝorne draȝen. walde ȝe god ileue.
  for ne mei þ{er} hit ou binimen king ne reue.                       50

    [Linenotes:
    45. _ȝeve_] _v_ corr. out of _f_ MS. || 50. _þer_] _þ̵_ MS.]

      For þar`f he´ ben ofdrad of fure ne of þieue.
      Þar ne mai hit him binime þe loðe ne þe lieue.
      Þar ne þarf he habben care of here ne of ȝielde                 45
      Þider we sendeð ⁊ ec bereð to litel ⁊ to selde.
      Þider `we solden´ drawen ⁊ don wel ofte ⁊ ilome.
      For þar ne sal me us naht binime mid wrong wise dome. |
      Þider we solde ȝierne drawen wolde ȝie me ileuen.           [f. 2r
      For ne mai hit us binime no king ne no sẏrreue.                 50

        [Linenotes:
        31. After _hire were_, _ac_ erased. || 38. _bihoteð_] _o_
        above _ạ_ MS.]

  Al þ̵ beste þ̵ we hefden þider we hit solde senden
  for þer we hit michte finden eft. ⁊ habben buten ende.
  Þo þe er doð eni God for habben godes are.
  al he hit scal finden eft þer ⁊ hundred fald mare.
  Þe þet echte wile halden wel hwile þe he muȝe es welden.            55
  Giue hies for godes luue{;} þenne deþ hes wel ihalden.

      Alþat beste þat we habbeð her þider we solde sende.
      For þar we mihte finden eft. ⁊ habben abuten ende.
      Se þe her doð ani god for`to´ haben godes ore.
      Al he hit sal eft finde þar ⁊ hundredfealde more.
      Se þe aihte wile holde wel þe hwile hes muȝe wealden.           55
      Ȝieue hes for godes luue þanne doð hes wel ihealden.

        [Linenotes:
        55. _holde_] _o_ above _ạ_ MS. ||
        56. _ȝieue_] _ȝ_ corr. out of _G_.]

  +Vre swinc ⁊ ure tilþe is ofte iwoned to swinden.+
  Ach þ̵ þe we doð for godes luue{;} eft we sculen al finden.
  Ne scal nan ufel bon un{}bocht. ne nan god unforȝolden.
  vfel we doþ al to muchel. ⁊ god lesse þe{n}ne we sculden.           60
  Þo þe mest doð nu to gode. ⁊ þe lest to laðe.
  Eiðer to lutel ⁊ to muchel scal þu{n}chen eft hom baþe.
  Þer me scal ure werkes weien bi{}foran þe heuen king.
  and ȝeuen us ure swinkes lan eft{er} ure erninge.
  +Ech mon mid þ̵ he hauet. mei buggen houene riche.+                  65

      For ure swinch ⁊ ure tilðe is ofte wuned to swinde.
      Ac al þat we ȝieueð for godes luue al we hit sulen eft finden.
      Ne sal þar non euel ben unboht ne god unforȝolden.
      Euel we doð al{}to muchel ⁊ god lasse þan we solden.            60
      Se þe mast doð nu to gode ⁊ se last to lothe.
      Eiðer to litel ⁊ to muchel hem sal þunche boðe.
      Þar me sal ure werkes weiȝen bifore þan heuen kinge.
      ⁊ ȝieuen us ure werkes lean after ure erni{n}ge.
      Africh man mid þat he haueð mai bugge heueriche                 65

  þe mare haueþ ⁊ þe þe lesse{;} baþe hi | muȝen iliche.         [f. 61r
  Al{}se mid his p`e´nie alse oðer mið his punde.
  þ̵ is þe wunderlukeste chep{;} þ̵ eni mon efre funde.
  ⁊ þe ðe mare ne mai don{;} do hit mid his gode þonke.
  Alse wel se þe þe haueð golde fele manke.                           70
  ⁊ oft god kon mare þonc þen þe him ȝeueð lesse.
  ⁊ his werkes ⁊ his weȝes his milce. ⁊ rihtwisnesse.
  +lutel lac is gode lof{;} þ̵+ kumeð of gode wille.
  ⁊ ec{}lete muchel ȝeue of þan þe herte is ille.
  Houene ⁊ horþe he ouer sich. his eȝen boð swa brichte.              75

      Þe þe more haueð ⁊ þe þe lasse boðe iliche.
      Alse on mid his peni se oðer mid his punde
      Þis is þet wunderlukeste ware þat animan funde.
      ⁊ se þe more ne mai don mid his gode iþanke.
      Alse wel se þe þe haued goldes fele manke.                      70
      And ofte god can more þanc þan þe him ȝieueð lasse.
      Al his werkes ⁊ his weies is milce ⁊ rihtwi[s]nesse. |
      Litel lóc is gode lef þe cumeð of gode wille                [f. 2v
      ⁊ eðlate muchel ȝieue þan his herte is ille.
      Heuene ⁊ erðe he ouer sihð his eien beð ful brihte.             75

  Su{n}ne ⁊ mone ⁊ houen fur boð þestre aȝein his lihte.
  Nis him noht for{}holen ni hud. swa muchele boð his mihte.
  nis hit ne swa derne [idon] ne [a] swa þostre nihte.
  he wat wet þenkeð ⁊ hwet doð alle q{ui}ke wihte.
  +Nis na lau{er}d swich se is c{ri}st+. ne king swuch ure drihten.   80

      Nis him no þing forholen swo muchel is his mihte.
      Ne bie hit no swo derne idon ne on swo þuster nihte.
      He wot hwat þencheð ⁊ hwat doð alle quike wihte
      Nis louerd swilch is c{ri}st ne king swilch ure drihte
      Boðe ȝiemeð þe his bien bi daie ⁊ bi nihte.                     80

  houene ⁊ orðe ⁊ al þ̵ is biloken is in his honde.
  he deð al þ̵ his wil is{;} a wettre ⁊ alonde.
  He makede fisses in þe se ⁊ fuȝeles in þe lifte.
  he wit ⁊ waldeð alle þing ⁊ scop alle scefte.
  he is hord buten horde ⁊ ende buten ende.                           85
  he ane is eure an ilche stude wende þer þu wende.
  he is buuen us ⁊ bi{}noþen. bi{}foren ⁊ bi{}hinden.
  þe þe deð godes wille uwer he mei him finden.

    [Linenotes:
    82. _ịṣ his_ MS. || 83. After _fuȝeles in_, _k_ deleted.]

      Heuene ⁊ erðe ⁊ al þat is biloken is in his honden
      He doð al þat his wille is awatere ⁊ alonde.
      He makeð þe fisses in þe sa þe fueles on þe lofte.
      He wit ⁊ wealdeð alle þing ⁊ he sop alle safte.
      He is ord a{}buten ord ⁊ ende abuten ende                       85
      He is one afre on eche stede wende þar þu wende.
      He is buuen us ⁊ bineðen biforen ⁊ bihinde
      Þe godes wille doð aihware he maiȝ him finde

        [Linenote:
        88. _godeswille_ MS.]

  +Helche rune he iherð ⁊+ wat alle deden.
  he þurþ{}sicheþ uches monnes þonc. Wi hwat scal us to rede.         90
  We þ̵ brokeð godes hese ⁊ gulteð swa ilome.
  hwet scule we seggen oðer don et þe muchele dome.
  Þa þe luueden unriht ⁊ ufel lif | leden.                       [f. 61v
  Wet sculen ho seggen oðer don{;} þen þe engles bon of{}dred.

      Elche rune he hereð ⁊ he wot alle dade
      He þurh{}sihð elches mannes þanc wi hwat sal us to rade.        90
      We þe brekeð godes has ⁊ gulteð swo ilome
      Hwat sulle we seggen oðer don á{}te muchele dome
      We þe luueden unriht ⁊ euel lif ladden
      Hwat sulle we seggen oðer don þar ængles beð ofdradde

        [Linenotes:
        92. After _don_, an erasure of about
        ten letters. || 93. _unriht_] _r_ corr. out of _l_ MS.]

  +hwet sculen we bere{n}+ biforen us mid hom scule we iquemen.       95
  þo þe neure god ne dude þe houenliche deme.
  þer sculen bon doule swa fole þ̵ wulleð us for{}wreien.
  ⁊ nabbeð hi naþing forȝeten of al þ̵ ho iseȝen.
  Al þ̵ we mis{}duden her{;} ho hit wulleð kuðe þere.
  [buten wé habbe hit íbét. ðe hwile wé her wére]                    100
  Al ho habbeð in hore write{;} þ̵ we mis{}duden here.
  þach we nusten ne ni{}seȝen. ho weren ure ifere.

    [Linenote:
    100. Supplied from MS. e.]

      Hwat sulle we beren us biforen mid hwan sulle we iq{ue}me       95
      We þe nafre god ne duden þan heuenliche deme. |
      Þar sulle ben deflen swo fele þat willeð us forwreien.      [f. 3r
      Nabbeð hie no þing forȝieten of þat hie her iseien.
      Alþat hie iseien her hie willeð cuðen þare
      Bute we haben hit ibet þe hwile we here waren.                 100
      Al hie habbeð on here write þat we misduden here.
      Þeih we hes ne niseien hie waren ure iferen.

  +Hwet sculen ordlinghe`s´ don.+ þa swicen ⁊ ta forsworene
  hwi boð fole iclepede. ⁊ swa lut icorene.
  wi hwi weren ho bi{}ȝeten to hwon weren ho iborene.                105
  þ̵ scule{n} bon to deþe idemet. ⁊ eure ma for{}lorene.
  Ech .M{on}. scal him solue þer bi{}clepie ⁊ bideme{n}.
  his aȝen werch ⁊ his þonc te witnesse he scal {t}emen.
  ne mei him na .M{on}. alsa wel demen ne alswa rihte
  for nan ne knauð him ase ȝere{;} buten ane drihte.                 110
  Ech .M{on}. wat him solue best{;} his werkes. ⁊ his wille.
  Þe ðe lest wat bi{}seiþ ofte mest{;} þe hit al wat is stille.
  nis nan witnesse alse muchel se mo{n}ne`s´ aȝen horte.
  Wa se seið þ̵ he bo hal. him solf wat best his smirte.

    [Linenotes:
    105. _ẉ hwon_ MS. || 108. _temen_] _demen_ MS. || 111. before
    _werkes_, _werhes_ deleted.]

      Hwat sullen horlinges don þes wichen ⁊ þe forsworene
      Wi swo fele beð icleped swo fewe bed icorene
      Wi hwi waren hie biȝiete to hwan waren hie iborene.            105
      Þe sulle ben to deaðe idemd ⁊ afremo forlorene.
      Elch man `sal´ þar biclepien himselfen ⁊ ec demen.
      Hi{s} oȝen werc ⁊ his þanc to witnesse he sal temen.
      Nemai him noman alse wel demen ne alse rihte
      For non ne cnoweð hine alse wel buten one drihte.              110
      Man wot him self best his werkes ⁊ his wille.
      Se þe last wot he seið ofte mast se þit al wot is stille
      Nis no witnesse alse muchel se mannes oȝen hierte
      Hwo se seið þat hie beð hol him self wot his smierte.

        [Linenote:
        108. _His_] _Hic_ MS.]

  +Ech .M{on}. scal h[i]m solf demen+ to deðe oðer to liue.          115
  þa witnesse of his aȝen werch{;} hine þer{}to scal driue.
  Al þet ech .M{on} haueð idon soððen he com to mo{n}ne
  sculde he | hit sechen o boke iwriten he scal iþenchen þenne.  [f. 62r
  Ah drihten ne demeð nenne .M{on}. eft{er} his biginnigge.
  ah al his lif scal bon suilch boð his endinge.                     120

      Elch man sal him selfen demen to deaðe oðer to liue.           115
      Þe witnesse of his oȝen werc to oðer þan hine sal driue.
      Alþat afri man haueð idon seðen he cam to manne
      Swo he hit iseie abóc iwrite he sal hit þenche þanne.
      Ac drihte ne demeð noman after his biginninge
      Ac al his lif sal ben teald after his endinge. |               120

  +ȝef þ̵ his uuel al hit is uuel+ ⁊ God ȝefe god his ende.
  God ȝeue þ̵ ure ende bo god. ⁊ wite þ̵ he us lende.
  þe .M{on}. þ̵ uuel don na god. ne neure god lif leden.
  er deð ⁊ dom come to his dure he mei him sare adreden.
  þ̵ he ne muȝe þenne biden are. for þ̵ itit ilome.                    125
  for{}þi he is wis þe biet ⁊ bit ⁊ bet bi{}fore dome.
  +Wenne deð is attere dure+ wel late he biddeþ are.
  Wel late he latheð uuel werc{;} þe ne mei hit don ne mare.

      Ȝief þe endinge is god al hit is god·
              ⁊ euel ȝief euel is þe ende.                        [f. 3v
      God ȝieue þat ure ende be god ⁊ ȝieue þat he us lende.
      Se man þe nafre nele don god ne nafre god lif lade.
      Are deað ⁊ dom cumeð to his dure he maiȝ hi{m} sore a{}drade
      Þat he ne muȝe þanne bidden ore for þat itit ilome.            125
      For{}þi he wis þe bit ⁊ biȝiet ⁊ bet bifore dome.
      Þanne þe deað is ate dure wel late he biddeð ore.
      Wel late he lateð euel werc þan he hit ne mai don no more.

  þ̵ achten we to leuen wel. for ure drihten solf hit seide.
  A hwilke time se eure .M{on}. of þinchþ his mis{}dede.             130
  Oþer raþer oðer later{;} milce he scal imeten.
  Ac {þ}e þ̵ þer naf[ð] nocht ibet{;} wel muchel he haueð to beten.

    [Linenotes:
    130. _þing̣chþ_ MS. || 132. _þe_] _we_ MS.]

      Senne lat þe ⁊ þu nah hi{m} þan þu hit ne miht do no more{;}
      For{}þi he is sot þe swo abit to habben godes ore.             130
      Þeih hweðere we hit leueð wel for drihte self hit sade.
      Elche time sal þe man of{}þunche his misdade
      Oðer raðer oðer later milce he sal imete.
      Ac þe þe her naueð ibet muchel he haued to bete

        [Linenote:
        133. After _imete_, _acþ_ erased.]

  +Monimon seit hwa rechð of pine þe scal habben þende+.
  Ne bidde ich na bet bo alesed a domes dei of bende.
  lutel he wat wet is pine. ⁊ lutel he hit scaweð                    135
  hwice hete is þer þa saule wuneð hu biter wind þer blaweð.
  hefde he bon þer enne dei oðer twa bare tide{;}
  nolde he for al middenerd þe þerdde þer abiden.
  þet habbeð iseid þ[e] comen þonen þa hit wisten mid iwissen.
  wa wurð sorȝe seueȝer. for souenihte blisse.                       140

      Maniman seið hwo reche pine þe sal habben ende                 135
      Ne bidde ich no bet bie ich alesed a domesdai of bende.
      Litel wot he `h´wat is pine ⁊ litel he cnoweð
      Hwilch hit is þar sowle wunieð hwu biter wind þar bloweð.
      Hadde he ben þar on oðer two bare tiden.
      Nolde he for al midden{}eard þe þridde þar abiden.             140
      Þat habbed isaid þe come þanne þit wiste mid iwisse.
      Wo wurðe soreȝe seue ȝier for seue nihte blisse.

        [Linenotes:
        137. _ḥis_ MS. || After _cnoweð_, erasure of _hwil_. ||
        140. After _Nolde_ erasure of two letters. || _almidden_ MS.]

  +In hure blisse þe | þe ende haueð.+ for endelese pine.        [f. 62v
  betere is wori water drunch{;} þen atter meind mid wine.
  Swines brede is swiðe swete. swa is of wilde dore.
  alto dore he is abuh{;} þe ȝefð þer fore his swore.
  Ful wombe mei lihtliche speken of hunger. ⁊ of festen{;}           145
  swa mei of pine þe ne cnauð þe scal a ilesten.
  Hefð he ifonded su{m}me stunde{;} he wolde al seggen oðer.
  Et lete him were wif. child. suster. feder ⁊ broðer.

    [Linenote:
    144. _abuh_] _abuṭẹh_ MS.]

      ⁊ ure blisse þe ende haueð for ende{}lease pine
      Betere is wori water þan atter imengd mid wine.
      Swines brade is wel swete swo is of wilde diere.               145
      Ac al to diere he hit abuið þe ȝiefð þar{}fore his swiere.
      Ful wombe mai lihtliche speken of hunger ⁊ of fasten
      Swo mai of pine þe not hwat is pine þe sal ilasten. |
      Hadde fonded sume stunde he wolde seggen oðer               [f. 4r
      Eðlate him ware wif ⁊ child suster ⁊ fader ⁊ broðer.           150

  +Al he walde ⁊ oðerluker don ⁊ oðerluker þenche{n}+
  Wenne he bi{}þohte on helle fur þe nawiht ne mei quenchen.         150
  Eure he walde her inne wawe ⁊ ine wene wunien{;}
  Wið þ̵ þe mihte helle pine bi{}flien ⁊ bi{}sunien
  Et lete him were al world wele ⁊ orðliche blisse.
  for to þ̵ muchele blisse cumen is murþe mid iwisse.

    [Linenote:
    152. Before _þe_, _me_ deleted.]

      Al he wolde oðerluker don ⁊ oðerluker þenche
      Þan he biðohte an helle fur þat no{}wiht ne mai quenche.
      Afre he wolde her in wo ⁊ in wane wunien
      Wið{}þan he mihte helle fur biflen ⁊ bisunien.
      Eðlate him ware al wele ⁊ erðeliche blisse                     155
      For to þe muchele blisse cume þis murie mid iwisse.

        [Linenote:
        153. After _wunien_, _wið þan he mihte_ erased.]

  +Iwule nu cumen eft to þe dome þ̵ ich er ow of sede+                155
  A þa dei ⁊ at ta dome us helpe c{ri}st ⁊ rede.
  þer we muȝen bon eþe offerd ⁊ herde us adrede{n}.
  þer he scal al son him bi{}foren his word ⁊ ec his deden.
  Al scal þer bon þenne cud þer me{n} luȝen her ent stelen.
  Al scal þer bon þa{n}ne unwron{;} þ̵ men wruȝen her ⁊ helen.        160
  We sculen alre monne lif iknauwen al{}se ure ahen.
  þer sculen eueni{n}gges bon þe riche ⁊ þe laȝe.
  Ne scal na mon skamie þer ne þerf he him a{}dreden.
  Gif him her of{}þincþ | his gult ⁊ bet his misdede.            [f. 63r
  for him ne scameþ ne ne gromeð þe sculen bon iborȝen.              165

    [Linenote:
    163. _skamie_] _smakie_ MS.]

      ¶Ich wulle nu cumen eft to þe dome þe ich eow ar of sade.
      On þe daie ⁊ on þe dome us helpe crist ⁊ rade
      Þar we muȝen ben sore offerd ⁊ harde us ofdrade.
      Þar elch sal al isien him biforen his word ⁊ ec his dade.      160
      Al sal þar ben þanne cuð þat men luȝen her ⁊ halen.
      Al sal þar ben þanne unwrien þat men her hudden ⁊ stalen.
      We sullen alre manne lif icnowen alse ure oȝen
      Þar sullen efninges ben to þe heie ⁊ to þe loȝe.
      Ne sal þeih no man samie þiar ne þarf he him adrade.           165
      Ȝief him her ofþincheð his gult ⁊ bet his mis{}dade.
      For hem ne sameð ne ne grameð þe sulle ben iboreȝe

        [Linenotes:
        157. _ẹfṭ_ _eft_ MS. || 165. _þiar_] _a_ corr. out of _e_.]

  +Ach þo{}þre+ habbeþ scome ⁊ grome ⁊ oft fele sorȝe.
  +Þe do{m} scal sone bon idon+ ne lest he nawiht lo{n}ge.
  ne scal him na mon mene þer of st{re}ngþe ne of wronge.
  þe sculen habbe herdne dom þa her weren herde.
  þa þe uuele holden wreche men ⁊ uuele laȝe redde.                  170
  Ec efter þ̵ he efþ idon sal þer þenne [beon] idemet.
  [bliðe mei hé ðenne beon. þe god háfð wel icwemed]

    [Linenote:
    172. Supplied from MS. e.]

      Ac þoðre habbeð same ⁊ grame ⁊ oðer fele soreȝe.
      Þe dom {s}al ben sone idon ne last hit nowiht longe
      Ne sal him noman mene þar{}of strencðe ne of wronge            170
      Þo sulle habben hardne dom þe here waren hardde
      Þo þe euel hielden wreche men ⁊ euel laȝe arerde.
      Elch after þat he haueð idon sal þar ben þanne idem{d}
      Bliðe mai he þanne ben þe god haueð wel iquemd.

        [Linenotes:
        169. _sal_] _þal_ MS. || 173. _idemð_ MS.]

  +Alle þa þi sprunge boþ+ of adam ⁊ of eue.
  Alle hi sculen cumen þider for soðe we hit ileueð.
  þa þe habbeð wel idon efter hore mihte.                            175
  to houene riche hi sculen faren forð mid ure drihte.
  Þa þe habbeð doules werc idon. ⁊ þer inne bo ifunde.
  hi sculen faren forð mid him in to helle grunde.
  Þer hi scule{n} wunien a buten are ⁊ ende.
  Ne brekeþ neure drihte helle gate for lesen hi of bende.           180

    [Linenote:
    178. _mid ṃịḍ_ MS.]

      Alle þo þe sprunge beð of ada{m} ⁊ of eue                      175
      Alle hie sulle þider cume for soðe we hit ileued. |
      Þo þe habbed wel idon after here mihte                      [f. 4v
      To heueriche hie sulle fare forð mid ure drihte.
      Þo þe deueles werkes habeð idon ⁊ þar{}inne beð ifunde
      Hie sulle fare forð mid hem in{}to helle grunde.               180
      Þar hie sulle wunien abuten ore ⁊ ende.
      Brecð nafre eft crist helle dure for lesen hem of bende

        [Linenotes:
        180. After _fare_, _þ_ elided.]

  +Nis na sullic þech hom bo wa ⁊ hom bo uneade.+
  Ne scal neure eft c{ri}st þolie deþ for lesen hom of deaþe.
  Enes drihten helle brec his fro{n}d he ut brochte.
  him solf he þolede deð for him . wel dore he hom bohte.
  Nalde hit mei do for mei. ne sust{er} for broðer.                  185
  nalde hit sune do for fader. ne na mon for oðer.

      Nis no sellich þeih hem be wo ⁊ þeih hem be uneaðe
      Ne sal nafre eft crist þolien deað for lesen hem of deaðe.
      Ænes drihten helle brac his frend he ut brohte                 185
      Him self he þolede deað for hem wel diere he hes bohte.
      Nolde hit moȝe don for mai ne suster [for] broðer
      Nolde sune don for fader ne no man for oðer.

  +Vre alre lau{er}d+ for his þrelles ipined wes a rode.
  vre bendes he unbon[d] ⁊ bohte us mid his blode.
  We ȝeueð | uneðe for his luue a stuche of ure brede.           [f. 63v
  Ne þenke we noht þ̵ he scal deme þa q{ui}ke ⁊ þa dede.              190
  Muchele luue he us cudde. walde we hit und{er}sto{n}de
  þ̵ ure eldre misduden{;} we habbeð uuele on honde.
  Deþ com in þis middenerde þurh þes doules honde.
  ⁊ sake ⁊ sorȝe ⁊ swinc a wat{er}e ⁊ a londe.

      Vre alre louerd for his þralles ipined he was arode
      Ure bendes he unbond ⁊ bohte us mid his blode.                 190
      We ȝieueð uneaðe for his luue a steche of ure breade
      Ne þenche we naht þar þat sal deme þe q{ui}ca ⁊ þe deade.
      Muchel luue he us kedde wolde we hit understonde.
      Þat ure elderne mi`s´duden we habeð euel an honde.
      Deað cam in þis middenærd þurh ealde deueles onde              195
      ⁊ senne ⁊ soreȝe ⁊ iswinch awatere ⁊ [a]londe.

        [Linenote:
        194. _misduden_] _u_ over _ẹ_ MS.]

  +Vre forme fader+ gult. we abuȝeð alle.                            195
  [eal his óf spring efter hi{m}. en hearme is bi{}fealle.]
  þurst ⁊ hunger. chele ⁊ hete. helde ⁊ unhelðe.
  þurh him deð com in þis middenerd ⁊ oðer uniselðe.
  Nere na{}mon elles ded ne sec ne nan unsele.
  ac mihten libben eure ma a blisse ⁊ a hele.                        200
  lutel hit þu{n}cheð moni mon. ac muchel wes þa su{n}ne.
  for hwam alle þolieð deð þe comen of hore cunne.

    [Linenote:
    196. Supplied from MS. e.]

      Vre foremes faderes gult we abugeð alle
      Al his ofsprung after him in harem is biualle
      Þurst ⁊ hunger. chele ⁊ hete ⁊ alle unhalðe.
      Þurh deað cam in þis midden{}eard ⁊ oðer unisalðe.             200
      Nare noman elles dead ne sic ne unsele
      Ac mihte libbe afremo ablisse ⁊ an hale. |
      Litel lac is gode lief þe cumeð of gode wille.              [f. 5r
      ⁊ eðlate muchel ȝieue þan his herte is ille
      Litel hit þuncheð maniman ac muchel was þe senne               205
      For hwan alle þolieð deað þe comen of here kenne

  +Hore sunne+ ⁊ ec ure aȝen sare us mei of{}þinche.
  þurh su{n}ne we libbeð alle in sorȝe ⁊ in swinke.
  Suððen God nom swa muchele wrake for are misdede{;}                205
  We þe swa muchel ⁊ swa ofte mis{}doð. we muȝen eðe us adrede.
  Adam and his of{}spru{n}g for are {b}are sunne.
  Wes fele undret wintre an helle pine ⁊ an unwunne.
  þa þe ledden hore lif mid unriht ⁊ mid wrange.
  buten hit gode`s´ milce do ho sculen bon þer wel longe.            210
  Godes wisdom is wel muchel ⁊ alswa is his mihte
  ⁊ nis his milce naut lesse. ac bi þan ilke iwichte.

    [Linenotes:
    203. _ḥọṛẹ ure_ MS. || 207. _bare_] _þare_ MS. ||
    210. _do_] _doṇ_ MS.]

      Here senne ⁊ ec ure oȝen us muȝe sore of{}þunche
      For senne we libeð alle her in soreȝe ⁊ in swunche.
      Seðen god na{m} swo mukel wrache for one misdede
      We þe swo ofte misdoð we muȝen us eaðe ofdrade.                210
      Adam ⁊ al his ofspreng for one bare senne.
      Was fele hundred wintre an helle a pine ⁊ unwenne.
      Þo þe ladeð here lif mid unrihte ⁊ mid wronge
      Bute hit godes milce do hie sulle wunie þar longe.
      Godes wisdom is wel muchel ⁊ alsse is his mihte                215
      Ac nis his mihte nowiht lasse ac biðer ilke wihte.

        [Linenotes:
        207. After _muȝe_, _rewen_ deleted MS. || 210. _þo_ altered
        to _þe_.]

  +Mare he ane mei+ for{}ȝeuen. þen | al folc gulte cunne.       [f. 64r
  Sulf douel mihte habbe{n} milce. ȝif he hit bigunne.
  Þa þe godes milce secheð{;} he iwis mei ha ifi{n}den.              215
  Ac helle king is are{}les with þa þe he mei binden.
  þe þe deþ is wille mest{;} he haueð wurst mede.
  His ba{þ} scal bon wallinde. his bað sca{l} bon berni{n}de glede.

    [Linenotes:
    218. _baþ̵_ MS. || _scal_] _scab_ MS.]

      More he one maiȝ forȝieue þan alle folc gulte cunne
      Self deuel mihte habben milce ȝief he hit bigunne.
      Þeþe godes milche secð iwis he mai hes finden
      Ac helle king is ore{}leas wið þo þe he mai binden.            220
      Se deð his wille mast he sal habbe werest mede
      His bað sal be wallinde pich his bed barnende glede.

        [Linenotes:
        213. After _lif_, an erasure, on which _mid_. || 214. _do_
        corr. out of _to_. || 215. _mulchel_ MS. || After _⁊_, an
        erasure.]

  +Wurst he deð his gode frond{;}+ þenne his fulle fond{;}
  God scilde alle godes frond. a wih swilche freonde.                220
  Neure in helle hi com. ne þer ne come reche.
  þach ich elches worldes wele. þer me mahte feche
  þ̵ his wulle seggen on þat wise men us seiden.
  ⁊ aboken hit writen þer [me] mei hit reden.
  Ich hit wille seggen þan þe hit hom solf nusten.                   225
  warni hom wið hore unfrome. ȝif ho me wulleð lusten.
  vnd{er}stondeð nu to me edi men ⁊ arme.
  Ich wulle tellen of helle pin{;} ⁊ wernin ow wið herme.
  In helle his hunger ⁊ þurst{;} twa uuele iuere.
  þas þolieð þa [þe] weren maket niþinges here.                      230

    [Linenote:
    229. _ịṣ his_ MS.]

      Werse he doð his gode wines þan his fiendes
      God silde alle godes friend wið swo euele friende.
      Nafre an helle ine cam ne cumen ich þar ne reche               225
      Þeih ich aches woreldes wele þare mihte feche.
      Þeih ich wille seggen eow þat wise men us saden
      ⁊ [a] boc hit is write þar me hit mai rade. |
      Ic wille seggen hit þo þe hit hem self nesten               [f. 5v
      ⁊ warnin hem wið here unfreme ȝief hie me willeð hlesten.      230
      Vnderstondeð nu to meward eadimen ⁊ arme
      Ich wille tellen eow of helle pine ⁊ warnin eow wið harme.
      An helle hunger ⁊ þurst euel two iferen.
      Þos pine þolieð þo þe ware meteniðinges here.

        [Linenotes:
        225. Before _reche_, _þ_ erased MS. || 230. After _here_,
        an erasure of one letter MS.]

  +Þer is waning ⁊ wow.+ eft{er} eche streche.
  ho fareð from hete to hete. ⁊ hech to frure þe wreche.
  þenne hi bið in þere hete{;} þe chele him þunchet blisse.
  þenne hi cumeð eft to þe chele{;} of hete hi habbeð misse.
  hi hem deð wa inoch nabbeð hi nane blisse.                         235

      Þar is woning ⁊ wop after ache strate                          235
      Hie fareð fram hate [to] chele fra{m} chele to hate.
      [Þ]an hie beð in þe hate chele hem þuncheð blisse
      [Þ]an hie cumeð eft to chele of hate hie habbeð misse.
      [E]iðer doð `hem´ wo inoh nabbeð none lisse.

  +Nute hi hweþer hem deþ {w}urs+ mid neure nane wisse.
  hi walkeð eure ⁊ secheð reste | ac `ho´ ne muȝen imeten.       [f. 64v
  for{}þi þe ho nolden þe hwile þ̵ ho mihten here sunne beten.
  ho secheð reste þer nis nan. for{}þi ne muȝen hi es finden.
  Ac walkeð weri up ⁊ dun{;} se wat{er} deþ mid winde.               240
  þo boð þa þe weren her a þanke unstedefeste.
  ⁊ þa þe gode biheten heste ⁊ nolden hit ileste.
  þa þe god werc bigunnen ⁊ ful enden hit nolden.

    [Linenotes:
    236. _wurs_] _þurs_ MS. || 237. _mọuȝen_ MS.]

      [N]iten hweðer hem doð wers to nafre none wisse.               240
      [H]ie walkeð afre ⁊ secheð reste ac hie hes ne muȝen imeten.
      [F]or{}þi þe hie nolde þe hwile hie mihten here senne beten.
      [H]ie sec`h´eð reste þar non nis ac hie hies ne muȝen ifinden.
      [A]c walkeð weri up ⁊ dun se water doð mid winde
      [Þ]at beð þo þe waren her an þanc unstedefaste                 245
      [⁊] þo þe gode biheten aihte ⁊ hit him ilaste.
      [⁊] þo þe god werc bigunnen ⁊ ful endin hit nolden.

  +Nu witen her.+ ⁊ nuðe þer. ⁊ nusten hwat hi wolden.
  þer is bernunde pich hore saule to baþien inne.                    245
  þa þe ledden here lif in werre ⁊ in winne.
  þer is fur þ̵ is undret fald hattre. þene bo ure.
  Ne mei q{ue}nchen salt weter ne uersc of þe burne.
  þis is þ̵ fur þ̵ efre bernd ne mei nawiht hit que{n}chen{;}
  Þer inne boð þa þe was to lof wreche men to swenchen.              250
  þa þe weren swikelemen ⁊ ful of uuel wrenchen.
  þa þe mihten uuel don. þe þe lef hit wes to þenchen.
  Þe luueden tening ⁊ stale. hordom ⁊ drunken.
  ⁊ a doules werche bliþeliche swunken.

      [N]u waren her ⁊ nu þar ⁊ nesten hwat he wolden
      [Þ]ar is pich þat afre walleð þar sulle wunien inne
      [Þ]o þe ladeð here lif on werre ⁊ an unwinne.                  250
      [Þ]ar is fur þis hundredfeald hatere þan be ure.
      [N]e mai hit quenche salt water ne auene stream ne sture.
      [Þ]is is þat fur þat afre barneð
              ne mai no wiht [hit] quenche.
      [Þ]ar{}inne beð þe was to lef wreche men to swenche. |
      Þo þe [waren] swikele men ⁊ ful of euele wrenchen.          [f. 6r
      ⁊ þo þe mihten euel don ⁊ lief hit was to þenchen.             256
      Þe luueden rauing ⁊ stale hordom ⁊ druken
      ⁊ an defles werkes bliðeliche swunken.

        [Linenotes:
        248. _ṃesten_ MS. || 250. After _⁊_, _h_ erased MS. ||
        258. _bliðeliche_] second _i_ corr. out of _l_.]

  Þa þe weren swa le{s}e þ̵ me ho{m} ne mihte ileuen.                 255
  Med{}ierne domes men. ⁊ wro{n}gwise reuen.
  þ̵ oðer mo{n}nes wif lof. his aȝen et{}lete.
  þo þe sungede muchel{;} a drunke ⁊ an ete.
  þe wreche mon binom his ehte. ⁊ leide his on horde.
  þ̵ lutel let of godes borde. ⁊ godes worde.                         260
  ⁊ þo þe his aȝen nalde ȝeuen þer he isech | þe node            [f. 65r
  Ne nalde iheren godes sonde. þenne he hit herde bode.
  Þe þ̵ is oðers mo{n}nes þing. loure þene hit sculde.
  ⁊ weren to gredi of solure ⁊ of golde.
  ⁊ þa þe untrownesse duden þon þe ho scu`l´den bon holde.           265

    [Linenote:
    255. _lese_] _lele_ MS.]

      Þo þe waren swo lease men þat mes ne mihte leuen
      Medȝierne domes men ⁊ w`r´ongwise reuen.                       260
      Þo þe oðer mannes wif was lief her oȝen eðlate
      ⁊ þo þe sunegeden muchel on druken ⁊ on ate.
      Þe wreche men binomen here aihte ⁊ leide his on horde.
      Þe litel lete of godes bode ⁊ of godes worde.
      ⁊ þe his oȝen nolde ȝieue þar he iseih þe niede                265
      Ne nolde ihere godes men þan he sat at his biede.
      Þo þe was oðer mannes þing leuere þan hit solde
      ⁊ waren alto gradi of siluer ⁊ of golde.
      Þo þe untrewnesse deden þan þe he solden ben holde.

        [Linenotes:
        261. After _was_, erasure of three letters MS. ||
        263. After _men_, one letter erased.]

  ⁊ leten þet ho sculden don. ⁊ duden þ̵ ho wolden.
  Þa þe weren eure abuten þisse worldes echte.
  ⁊ duden al þ̵ þe laþe gast hechte to ⁊ tachte.
  ⁊ alle þe þen anigewise doulen i{}que{m}de.
  Þa boð nu mid him in helle fordon ⁊ fordemet.                      270

    [Linenotes:
    267. _weṇren_ MS. || 269. _iquemde_] _iquende_ MS.]

      ⁊ leten al þat hie solden don ⁊ deden þat hie wolden.          270
      Þo þe waren ȝietceres of þis wereldes aihte
      ⁊ dude al þat þe loðe gost hem tihte to ⁊ taihte.
      ⁊ Al `þo´ þe ani{}wise deuel iquemde
      Þo beð mid h{i}m in helle fordon ⁊ demde.

        [Linenote:
        274. _hem_ MS.]


(EGERTON MS., SECOND COPY.)

  Bute þá þe óf{}ðufte sare heore mis{}dede.                     [f. 69r
    ⁊ gunne heore gultes beten ⁊ betere líf læde.
  Þer beoð neddren ⁊ snaken. éuete ⁊ frute.
    þa tereð. ⁊ freteð. þe uuele speke. þe nið fulle. ⁊ te prute.
  Neure sunne ðer ne scínð. ne mone ne steorre.                      275
    þer is muchel godes hate. ⁊ muchel godes eorre.
  Æure ðer ís uuel sméch. ðusternesse ⁊ eie.
    nis ðer neure oðer líht. ðene þe swierte leie.
  Þer ligget ladliche fund. in strange raketeȝe.
    þ̵ beoð þa ðe wére mid gode on heuene wel heȝe.                   280
  Þer beoð ateliche fund. ⁊ eisliche wihte.
    þas scule þa wrecche í{}fon. þe suneȝede ðurh sihte.
  Þer is ðe laðe sathanas. ⁊ belzebud sé ealde.
    eaðe hi muȝen beo óf{}dréd. þe híne scule bi{}healde.

    [Linenote:
    283. _is_ _ịṣ_ MS.]

      Bute þo þe ofðuhte sore here misdade                           275
      ⁊ Gunne here gultes bete ⁊ betere lif lade.
      Þar beð naddren ⁊ snaken. eueten ⁊ fruden
      Þe tereð ⁊ freteð þo euele swiken þe niðfule ⁊ þe prude
      Nafre sunne þar ne sineð ne mone ne storre.
      Þar is muchel godes hete ⁊ muchel godes oerre. |               280
      Afre þar is euel smech þiesternesse ⁊ eie                   [f. 6v
      Nis þar nafre oder liht þan þe swarte leie.
      Þar ligeð ateliche fiend in stronge raketeie
      Þat beð þo þe waren mid god angles swiðe heie.
      Þat beð ateliche fiend ⁊ Eiseliche wihten                      285
      Þo sulle þe wreche sowle isien þe sinegeden þurh sihte
      Þar is se loðe sathanas ⁊ belzebub se ealde
      Eaðe he muȝen ben sore ofdrad þe sullen hes bihealde.

        [Linenote:
        277. _fruden_] _d_ corr. out of _ct_ MS.]

  Ne mei nan heorte hit iðenche. ne tunge ne can telle.              285
    hu muchel píne na hu uele sunden ínne helle.
  Wið þa pine ðe þer beoð. nelle ich eow naht leoȝen.
    nis hit bute gamen ⁊ gléo. eal þ̵ man mei hér dreoȝen.
  End ȝut ne deð heo{m} naht sa wá. ín ða laðe bende. |
    þ̵ hí witeð þ̵ heore píne sceal neure habbe ende.     [f. 69v      290
  Þar beoð þa heðene men. þé wǽre laȝe{}liese.
    þe nes naht óf godes bi{}bode. ne óf godes hése.
  [U]uele cristene men. hí beoð heore ifere.
    þa ðe heore cristen{}dom. uuele heo`l´de hére.
  [Ȝ]ut hí beoð á wurse stede. on ðeré helle grunde.                 295
    ne sculen hí neure cume{n} út. for marke ne for punde.
  [N]e mei heo{m} naðer helpen þer. íbede ne elmesse.
    for nis naðer inne helle. áre ne for{}ȝiuenesse.

    [Linenote:
    290. After _habbe_, _l_ erased.]

      Nemai non herte hit þenche ne tunge hit ne mai telle
      Hwu muchele pine ne hwu fele senden in helle                   290
      Of þo pine þe þar bieð nelle ich eow naht lie
      Nis hit bute gamen ⁊ glie of þat man mai here drie.
      ⁊ ȝiet ne doð hem naht alse wo in þe loðe bende
      Swo þat he witen þat here pine sal nafre habben ende
      Þar beð þe haðene men þe waren laȝe{}lease.                    295
      Þe nes naht of godes bode ne of godes hease.
      Euele cristene men hie beð here iferen
      Þo þe here cristendom euele hielden here.
      ⁊ ȝiet he beð awerse stede aniðer helle grunde
      Ne sullen nafre cumen út for peni ne for punde.                300
      Ne mai hem noðer helpe þar ibede ne almesse
      For naht solden bidde þar ore ne forȝieuenesse.

        [Linenote:
        292. _mai_ corr. out of _marg_ MS.]

  Sculde hi{m} éch man ðe hwile hé muȝe óf ðas helle píne.
    ⁊ werni ech hís freond þer wið swa ich habbe mine.               300
  Þá ðe sculden heo{m} ne cunne. ich heo{m} wulle teche.
    ich kan beon ȝief ich sceal. lichame ⁊ sawle leche.
  Léte wé þ̵ god for{}but. ealle manne cunne.
    ⁊ do wé þ̵ hé us hét. ⁊ sculde wé us wið sunne.
  Luuie we god mid ure heorte. ⁊ mid al ure mihte.                   305
    ⁊ ure émcristen eal us sulf. swa us lerde drihte.
  Eal þ̵ me rǽt ⁊ eal þ̵ me singð. bi{}fore godes borde.
    eal hít hanget ⁊ bi{}halt. bi ðisse twam worde.
  {E}alle godes laȝe he fulð. ðe níwe ⁊ ða ealde.
    þe ðe ðas twá luue háfð. ⁊ wel hí wule healde.                   310
  Ac hí beoð wunder earueð{}healde. swá ófte gulteð ealle.
  Fór hít ís strang to stande lange. ⁊ líht ís to fealle.
  [A]ac drihte crist hé ȝíue us strengðe. stande þ̵ wé mote.
    ⁊ óf ealle ure gultes `unne´ us cume to bote.

    [Linenotes:
    308. _eal_] _Eeal_ MS. || 309. _Ealle_] _alle_ MS. ||
    _níwe_] _n_ corr. out of _r_.]

      Silde him elch man þe hwile he mai wið þos helle pine.
      ⁊ warnie his frend þar wið swo ich habbe ido mine.
      Þo þe silde hem ne cunnen ich hem wille tache                  305
      [I]ch can ben aiðer ȝief isal lichame ⁊ sowle lache. |
      Late we þat god forbet alle mankenne                        [f. 7r
      ⁊ do we þat he us hat ⁊ silde we us wid senne.
      Luue we god mid ure herte ⁊ mid al ure mihte
      ⁊ ure emcristen alse us self swo us tached drihte.             310
      Al þat me radeð ⁊ singed bifore godes borde
      Al hit hangeð ⁊ halt bi þese twam worde
      Alle godes laȝes hie fulleð þe newe ⁊ þe ealde
      Þe þe þos two luues halt ⁊ wile hes wel healde.
      Ac hie bieð wel arefeð{}heald swo ofte we gulteð alle          315
      For hit is strong te stonde longe ⁊ liht hit is to falle.
      Ac drihte c{ri}st ȝeue us strengðe stonde þat we moten
      ⁊ of alle ure gultes ȝieue us cume bote.

        [Linenotes:
        307. After _þat_, _w_ erased. || 313. _godel_ MS. ||
        315. _gulteð_] _t_ over _ḍ_ MS.]


  ++Wé wilnieð éfter woruld wéle. ðe lange ne mei leste.             315
    ⁊ leggeð eal ure iswinch. ón ðinȝe unste`de´ feste. |
  Swunche wé for godes luue. healf þ̵ wé doð for æhte.            [f. 70r
    ne béo wé naht swá óf bicherd. ne sa uuele bi{}kehte.
  Ȝif wé serueden gode swa wé doð ermínges.
    mare wé hedden en héuene. ðenne eorles hér ⁊ kinges.             320
  Né muȝen hí werien heo{m} wið chele. wið þurste ne wið hunger.
    ne wið ulde. ne wið deaðe. þe uldre ne ðe ȝeonger.
  Ac ðer nis hunger ne ðurst. ne dieð. ne unhelðe ne elde.
    of þisse riche wé ðencheð ófte. ⁊ of þere to selde.

      We wilnieð after wereldes wele þe longe ne mai ilaste
      ⁊ legeð mast al ure swinc on þing unstedefaste.                320
      Swunke [we] for godes luue half þat we doð for eihte.
      Nare we naht swo ofte bicherd ne swo euele bikeihte
      Ȝief we serueden god half þat we doð for erminges
      We mihten habben more an heuene þa[n] ȝierles ⁊ kinges
      Ne muȝe we werien naðer ne wið þurst ne wið hunger             325
      Ne wid elde ne wið deað þe elder ne þe ȝeunger
      Ac þar nis hunger ne þurst. deað ne unhalðe ne elde.
      Of þesse riche we þencheð to ofte of þare alto selde.

        [Linenote:
        326. After _elde_, _ne wið elde_ MS.]

  Wé scolden ealle us biðenche ófte. ⁊ wél ilome.                    325
    hwét wé beoð to whán wé scule. ⁊ óf hwán wé come.
  Hú litle hwíle wé beoþ hér. hú lange elle`s´ hwáre.
    hwét wé muȝe habben hér. ⁊ hwét finde þere.
  Ȝíef wé were wise men. ðis wé scolde ðenche.
    bute wé wurðe us íwer. ðeos woruld wule us for{}drenche.         330
  Mest ealle men he ȝíueð drinche. óf ane deofles scenche.
    hé sceal hi{m} cunne sculde wél. ȝíf hé híne nele screnche.

      We solden biþenchen us wel ofte ⁊ ilom{e}
      Hwat we beð to hwan we sullen ⁊ of hwan we come.               330
      Hwu litle hwile we bieð her hwu longe elles ḥware
      Hwat we muȝen habben her ⁊ hwat we findeð þare. |
      Ȝief [we] waren wise men þus we solden þenchen              [f. 7v
      Bute we wurðen us iwar þis wereld us wile drenchen
      Mast alle men hit ȝieueð drinken of on euele senche            335
      He sal him cunnen silde wel ȝief hit him nele screnche.

        [Linenote:
        329. _ilomo_ MS.]


  ++Mid ealmihtiȝes godes luue. ute wé us bi{}werien.
  wið ðises wrecches woreldes luue. þ̵ hé maȝe us derien.
  Mid festen ælmes ⁊ ibede. werie wé us wið sunne.                   335
  Mið ða wepne ðe god haueð. bi{}ȝíten man cunne.
  Léte wé þe brade strét. ⁊ ðene wei bene.
    þe le{t} þ̵ niȝeðe dél to helle of manne. ⁊ ma ich wéne.
  Gá wé ðene nærewne wei. ⁊ ðene wei grene.
    ðer forð fareð litel folc. ac hit is feir ⁊ scéne.               340
  Þé brade strét is ure íwill. ðe ís us lað to forlǽte.
    þa ðe eal folȝeð hís íwill. fareð bi ðusse stréte.
  Hí muȝen lihtliche gán mid ðere under{}hulde.
    ðurh ane godlíese w{u}de `in{}to´ ane bare felde.            [f. 70v

    [Linenotes:
    338. _let_] _ḷec_ MS. || 344. _wude_] _wade_ MS.]

      Mid al{}mihtin godes luue úte we us biwerien
      [W]ið þesses wreches woreldes luue þat hit ne muȝe us derien.
      Mid almesse. mid fasten ⁊ mid ibeden werie we us wid senne.
      Mid þo wapne þe god haued ȝieue alle man{}kenne.               340
      [L]ate we þe brode strate ⁊ þane weiȝ bene
      [Þ]e lat þe nieðe dal to helle of manne me mai wene.
      Go we þane narewe pað ⁊ þene wei grene
      [Þ]ar forð fareð wel litel folc ⁊ eche is fair ⁊ isene
      [Þ]e brode strate is ure wil. þe is loð te læte.               345
      [Þ]o þe folȝeð here iwil hie fareð bi þare strate.
      [H]ie muȝen lihtliche cumen mid þare niðer helde
      [Þ]urh one godelease wude to one bare felde

        [Linenote:
        343. _Gowe_ MS.]

  [Þ]e nærewei ís godes hése. ðer forð{}fareð wél fiewe.             345
    þ̵ beoð ða ðe heo{m} sculdeð ȝeorne wið ǽche un{}ðeawe.
  [Þ]as gað uníeðe ȝeanes ðe clíue. aȝean þe heaȝe hulle.
    ðas leteð eal heore aȝen wíll. for godes hése to fulle.
  [G]a wé alle þene wei. for he us wule bringe.
    mid te feawe feire men. be{}foren heuen kinge.                   350
  Þer is ealre murhðe mest. mid englene sange.
    ðe ís a þusend wintre ðer. ne ðincð hi{m} naht to lange.
  Þe ðe lest haueð. hafð swa michel þ̵ hé ne bit namare.
    þe ða blisse for ðas for{}lét hít hi{m} mei reowe sare.
  [N]e mei nan uuel ne na wane beon inne godes riche.                355
    ðeh þer beoð wununges fele. æch oðer uniliche.

      [Þ]a narewe pað is godes has · þar forð fareð wel feawe
      [Þ]at beð þo þe hem sildeð ȝierne wið achen unðeawe.           350
      [Þ]os goð uneaðe aȝien þe cliue ⁊ aȝien þe heie hulle
      [Þ]os leten al here iwil for godes luue to fulle.
      [G]o we alle þane wei for he us wile bringe
      Mid þo feawe faire men bi{}fore þe heuen kinge
      [Þ]ar is alre blisse mast mid angles songe.                    355
      [Þ]e is a þusend wintre þar ne þuncheð hit him naht longe. |
      Þe last haueð blisse he haueð sswo muchel
              þat he ne bit no more                               [f. 8r
      Þe þat blisse forgoð hit sal him rewen sore.
      Ne mai non euel ne non wane ben in godes riche
      Þeih þar ben wuniinges fele elch oðer uniliche                 360

        [Linenotes:
        351. After _uneaðe_, _cliue_ deleted MS. || 357. After
        _haueð_, _bli_ deleted and _sse_ corr. into _sswo_.]

  Sume ðer habbeð lesse murhðe. ⁊ sume habbeð mare.
    æfter ðan þe dude her. efter ðan þ̵ he swanc sare.
  [N]e sceal ðer beon ne bried ne wín. ne oðer cunnes éste.
    god ane sceal beo eche líf. ⁊ blisse. ⁊ éche reste.              360
  [N]é sceal ðer beo fah ne græi. ne kuning ne `er´míne.
    ne aquierne. ne martres cheole. ne beuer né sabelíne.
  [N]e sceal ðer beo sciet ne scrud. ne woruld wele nane.
    eal þe murhðe þe me us bi{}hat. al hít sceal beo god ane.
  [N]e mei na murhðe. beo swa muchel. se is godes sihte.             365
  [H]e ís soð sunne ⁊ briht. ⁊ dei ábuten nihte.

      Sume þar habbeð lasse blisse ⁊ sume þar habbeð more
      Elch after þat he dude her after þane þe swanc sore
      Ne sal þar ben bread ne win ne oðer kennes este
      God one sal ben ache lif ⁊ blisse ⁊ ache reste.
      Ne sal þar ben foh ne grai ne cunin ne ermine                  365
      Ne aquerne ne metheschele ne beuer ne sabeline.
      Ne sal þar ben naðer scat ne srud ne wereldes wele none.
      Al þe blisse þe me us bihat al hit sal ben god one
      Ne mai no blisse ben alse muchel se is godes sihte.
      He is soð sunne ⁊ briht ⁊ dai a{}bute nihte.                   370

  [H]e is ælches godes ful. nis hi{m} na wið{}uten.
    na god nis him wane þe wunieð hi{m} abuten.
  Þer is wéle ábute gane. ⁊ reste abuten swinche.
    þe mei ⁊ nele ðider cume. sare hit hi{m} sceal óf ðinche.        370

      He is aches godes ful nis him no wiht uten.
      Nones godes hem nis wane þe wunieð him abuten.
      Þar is wele a{}buten wane ⁊ reste a{}buten swunche.
      Þe muȝen ⁊ nelleð þider cume hit hem mai of{}þunche.


(EGERTON MS., FIRST COPY.)

  Þer is blisse a{}buten treȝe. ⁊ lif a{}buten deaþe             [f. 12v
    þe eure scullen wunien þer. bliþe muwen ben eþe
  Þer is ȝeoȝeðe bute ulde. ⁊ hele a{}buten vn{}helðe
    nis þer so`re´we ne sor. ne neure nan vn{}sealþe
  Þer me scal drihte sulf i{}seon. swa he is mid iwisse              375
    he one mai ⁊ scal al beo. engle ⁊ manne blisse
  And ðeh ne beod heore eȝe naht. alle iliche brihte
    ði nabbed hi nouht iliche. alle of godes lihte
  On þisse `liue´ hi neren nout. alle of one mihte
    ne þer ne scullen hi habben god. alle bi one ȝihte               380
  Þo scullen more of him seon. þe luuede him her more
    ⁊ more icnawen ⁊ iwiten. his mihte ⁊ his ore

      Þar is blisse a{}buten treiȝe ⁊ lif abuten deaðe               375
      Þo þe afre sulle wunie þar bliðe hie muȝe ben eaðe.
      Þar is ȝieuð abuten elde ⁊ hale abuten unhalðe
      Nis þar sareȝe ne sor non ne nafre unisalðe.
      Þar me drihte self isien swo se is mid iwisse
      He one mai ⁊ sal al ben angles ⁊ manne blisse. |               380
      ⁊ þeih ne bed here eien naht alle iliche brihte             [f. 8v
      Hi nabbeð naht iliche muchel alle of godes lihte
      On þesse liue he naren naht alle of ore mihte
      Ne þar ne sullen habben god. alle bi one wihte.
      Þo sullen more of him isien þe luueden hine more               385
      ⁊ more icnowen ⁊ ec witen his mihte ⁊ his ore

        [Linenote:
        381. _bed_, or _beð_: leaf pared away.]

  On him hi scullen finden alþat man mai to lesten
    hali boc hi sculle i{}seon. al þat hi her nusten
  Crist scal one beon inou. alle his durlinges                       385
    he one is muchele mare ⁊ betere. þanne alle oþere þinges
  Inoh he haued þe hine haueð. þe alle þing wealded
    of him to sene nis no sed. wel hem is þe hine bi{}healdeð
  God is so mere ⁊ swa muchel. in his godcunnesse
    þ̵ al þ̵ is. ⁊ al þat wes is wurse. þenne he ⁊ lesse               390
  Ne mai it neure no man oþer segge mid iwisse
    hu muchele murhðe habbet þo. þe beod inne godes blisse

    [Linenote:
    388. _hem_] _e_ above _ị_ MS.]

      On him hie sulle finden al þat man mai to hleste
      On him he sullen ec isien al þat hie ar nesten.
      [C]rist sal one bien inoȝh alle his derlinges.
      [Þ]e one is muche more ⁊ betere þan alle oðer þinges.          390
      [I]noh he haueð þe hine haueð þe alle þing wealdeð
      [O]f him to isiene nis non sæd swo fair he is to bihelden
      [G]od is swo mere ⁊ swo muchel in his godcunnesse
      [Þ]at al þat elles was ⁊ is is fele werse ⁊ lasse.
      [Ne] mai hit nafre noman oðer seggen mid iwisse                395
      [H]wu muchele murihðe habbeð þo þe beð in godes blisse

        [Linenote:
        392. After _isiene_, erasure of one letter.]


  ++To þere blisse us bringe god. þe rixlet abuten ende
    þenne he vre soule vn{}bint. of licames bende
  Crist ȝyue us leden her swilc lif. ⁊ habben her swilc ende         395
    þat we moten þuder come. wanne we henne wende. AmeN.

      [T]o þare blisse us bringe god þe rixleð a buten ende.
      [Þ]ane he ure sowle unbint of lichamliche bende
      [C]rist ȝieue us laden her swilch lif
              ⁊ habben her swilch ende{;}
      [Þ]at we moten þider cumen þane we henne wende.                400

              _AMEN._

    [Linenote:
    397. After _buten_, erasure of one letter.]



IX. ANCRENE WISSE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“i. Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 402 (A); on vellum, 215 × 150
mm.... There are glosses in red pencil and words underlined in red.

“The MS. belongs to the second quarter of the thirteenth century. It
cannot be earlier than 1225 A.D., for it mentions the Dominicans and
Franciscans, and it is probably later than 1230. It is the most correct,
but it has additions to the original, such as 62/46-64/62, 64/73-78.

“ii. Caius College, Cambridge, 234 (B); on vellum, 124 × 93 mm.; 368
pages; late thirteenth century. Pages 1-185 consist of extracts from the
AR, but not in the order of the other manuscripts (ES iii. 536).

“iii. Cotton Nero A 14, British Museum (N); on vellum, 146 × 114 mm.;
written in the second quarter of the thirteenth century. Its contents
are ff. 1-120r, the Ancren Riwle; 120v-123v, The Orison, XVIII.

“iv. Cotton Titus D 18, British Museum (T); on vellum, 158 × 120 mm.;
148 folios in double columns, written from f. 14, where AR begins, to
the end, about 1220 A.D.”]]


ANCRENE WISSE

(CORPUS MS.)


    ANCREN RIWLE

    (CAIUS MS.)


A. THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS

[f. 56r] ++Þvs mine leoue sustren iþe wildernesse þer ȝe gað{;}
in · wið godes folc toward ierusalemes lond · þ̵ is þe riche of
heouene{;} beoð þulliche beastes · þulliche wurmes. ne nat ich
na sunne þ̵ ne mei beon ilead oðer to an of ham seouene{;} oðer
to hare streones. vnsteaðeluest bileaue aȝein godes lare · nis
hit te spece {5} of prude inobedience? Herto falleð sygaldren ·
false teolunges · lefunge o swefne · o nore · ⁊ on alle
wicchecreftes. Neomunge of husel in eani heaued sunne · oðer ei
oþer sacrement nis hit te spece of prude þ̵ ich cleopede
p{re}su{m}ptio · ȝef me wat hwuch sunne hit · is · [f. 56v] ȝef
me hit nat nawt · þenne is hit ȝemeles under {10} accidie · þ̵
ich slawðe cleopede. þe ne warneð oðer of his uuel oðer of his
biȝete · nis hit slaw ȝemeles oðer attri onde? teoheði mis ·
edhalden cwide · fundles oðer lane · oðer þerwið mis{}fearen ·
nis hit spece of ȝisceunge{;} ⁊ aneS cunnes þeofðe?

    [p. 126] [++Þ]us mine leoue frend iþe wildernesse þat ge
    [p. 127] gat in wid godes folc toward ier{usa}l{e}mes londe þat
    is þe riche of heouene{;} beod {þ}ulliche bestes þulliche wurmes
    · Ne nat ich nan sunne þat ne mai beon ilad · oþer to an of ham
    seoluen oþer to hare streones · vnstaþelfast bi{}leaue · agein
    hali lare · nis hit of {5} p{ru}de i{n}obedience? Herto falled
    sigaldren · false teolunges · Lefunge o nore. o swefne ⁊ alle
    wicchecraftes. Neominge of husel in ei heaued sunne · oþer ai
    oþer sac{re}ment · nis hit spece of p{ru}de{;} þat ich cleopede
    p{re}su{m}pciun · gif me wat hwat sunne hit is. Gif me hit nat
    naut{;} þenne is hit gemeles vnder accidie · þat ich slouþe
    cleopede. {10} þe þat ne warned oþer of his uuel · oþer of his
    bigete · nis hit slaþ gemeles oþer attri onde? To thehewen mis ·
    et halden cwude · fundes oþer lane · nis þis giscunge{;} þeofþe.

      [Linenotes:
      3. _sulliche_ MS. || 11. _bigete_] _b_ corr. out of _l_.]

Edhalden oðres hure ou{er} his rihte t{er}me nis hit strong
reaflac hwa{}se ȝelden hit mei þe is {15} under ȝisceunge? Ȝef
me ȝemeð wurse ei þing ileanet · oðer bitaht to witene · þen he
wene þe ah hit · nis hit oðer triccherie · oðer ȝemeles of
slawðe? alswa is dusi heast oðer folliche ipliht trowðe · longe
beon unbischpet · falsliche gan to schrift · oðer to longe
abiden · ne teache p{ate}r no{ste}r godchild ne Credo · þeos ⁊
alle þulliche beoð ilead to {20} slawðe · þ̵ is þe feorðe moder
of þe seoue sunnen. Þe dronc drunch oðer ei þing dude · hwer
þurh na child ne schulde beon on hire istreonet · oðer þ̵
istreonede schulde forwurðen · nis þis strong monslaht of
galnesse awakenet? Alle sunnen sunderliche bi hare nomeliche
nomen ne mahte namon rikenin · ah i þeo þe ich habbe {25}
iseid{;} alle oþre beoð bilokene. Ant nis ich wene namon þe ne
mei understonden him of his sunne nomeliche under sum of þe ilke
imeane þe beoð her iwritene.

    at{}halden oþeres hure ouer his richte terme · nis hit strong
    reflac. þat is under gissunge{;} gif me gemed wurse ai þing
    [p. 128] ilened · oþer bitahted te witene þen {15} he wene þat
    hit ah · nis oþer tricherie · oþer gemeles of slauþe. Alswa is
    dusi hest · oþer folliche iplicht trouþe Longe beon un{}bischbed
    · falsliche gan to schrifte · oþer to longe abiden · Ne teachen
    god{}child p{ate}r n{oste}r · Ne Credo · þeos ⁊ alle þulliche ·
    beod ilad to slauþe · þat is þe feorþe moder of þe seoue sunnen
    · þeo dronc druch {20} oþer ai þing dude hwer þurh na child ne
    shulde beon on hire istreoned · oþer þat istreonede shulde
    for{}wurþen{;} Nis þis strong monslaht of galnasse awakened{;}
    Alle sunnen sunderliche bi hare nomeliche nome ne mahte na{}mon
    rikenen. Ah iþeo þat ich habbe iseid{;} alle oþere beod
    bilokene. An nis ich wene namon þat ne mai {25} under{}stonden
    him of his sunnen nomeliche wnder su{m}me of þe ilke þat
    imene{;} þe beod þer i writene.

      [Linenote:
      16. _tricherie_] over _c_, contraction mark for _er_.]

Of þeose seoue beastes ⁊ of hare streones i wildernesse of
anlich lif · is iseid herto · þe alle þe forfearinde fondið to
fordonne. Þe liun of prude sleað alle þe prude · {30} alle þe
beoð hehe ⁊ ou{er}hohe iheortet. Þe attri neddre · þe ontfule ⁊
te luðere iþonket. Wreaðfule{;} þe vnicorne. Alswa of þe oþre o
rawe. to godd ha beoð isleine · ah [f. 57r] ha libbeð to þe
feond · ⁊ beoð alle in his hond. ⁊ seruið him in his curt euch
of þe meoster þe him to falleð. {35}


    [++O]f þeos sewe beastes ⁊ of hare strenes iwildernesse of
    anlich lif is iseid hiderto [p. 129] þe alle þe forfarinde
    fondet te fordonne. þe Leon of p{ru}de slead alle þe p{ru}de.
    Alle þat beod {30} hehe ⁊ for hehe iheorted. þe aetri neddre{;}
    þe ond{}fule. ⁊ þe luþere iþonked. wredfule þe unicorne. Al swa
    of þen oþer areawe. to god ha beod isleine · Ah ha libbed to þe
    feond ⁊ beod alle in is hird · ⁊ serued him in his curt · Euch
    of þe mester þet him to falleð.


++Þe prude beoð his bem{er}es · draheð wind inward wið worltlich
hereword · ⁊ eft wið idel ȝelp puffeð hit ut ward as þe bemeres
doð · makieð noise ⁊ lud dream to schawin hare orhel · ah ȝef ha
wel þohten of godes bemeres of þe englene bemen þe schulen o
fowr half þe world biuore þe grurefule dom grisliche blawen ·
Ariseð {40} deade ariseð cumeð to drihtines dom forte beon
idemet · þear na prud bem{er}e, ne schal beon iborhen · ȝef ha
þohten þis wel{;} ha walden inohreaðe i þe deofles seruise
dimlukeR bemin. Of þeose bem{er}es seið Jeremie · _Onager
solitari{us} in desiderio anime sue attraxit uentum amoris sui_
· Of þe wind drahinde in for luue {45} of hereword seið as ich
seide.


    [++Þ]E p{ru}de beod his bemeres · Drahed wind inward · of
    worldlich {35} hereword · ⁊ eft wid idel ige`l´p puffed hit
    utward · as þe bemares dod. Makied noise ⁊ lud drem to shawen
    hare p{ru}de. Ah gif ha uel þothten · of godes bemeres of þe
    englene bemen · þat shulen afour half þe word · bi{}fore þe
    grurefule dom g{ri}sliche blawen · Arised deade arised · Cumed
    to drichtines domes for{}to beon idemed · þer na pr{u}d {40}
    bemere ne shal beon iboregen · Gif ha þohten wel þis · ha walden
    inoh raþe iþe deoueles seruise dimluker bemen. Of þeose bemeres
    sei`d´ [p. 130] Jeremie · _Onager solitarius in desiderio suo
    attraxit uentum amoris sui_ · Of þe wind drahinde in for luue of
    hereword{;} seid as ich seide. {45}

      [Linenote:
      43. _seid_] _d_ above a blotted letter.]


++Summe iuglurs beoð þe ne cunnen seruin of nan oþer gleo bute
makien cheres · wrenche þe muð mis · schulen wið ehnen. Of þis
meoster seruið þe unseli ontfule i þe deofles curt · to bringen
o lahtre hare ondfule lau{er}d · ȝef ei seið wel oðer deð wel{;}
ne mahen {50} ha nanes weis lokin þider wið riht ehe of god
heorte · ah winkið o þ̵ half ⁊ bihaldeð o{}luft ȝef þer is eawt
to edwiten · oðer ladliche þiderward schuleð mið eiðer.


    [++S]umme iugelurs beod þe ne cunen seruin of nan oþer gleo
    buten maken cheres · wrenchen þe mud mis shuli wid þe ehnen. of
    þis mester seruid þe unseli eon`d´fule iþe deoueles curt · to
    bringen a lahtre hare on`d´fule leouerð. gef ei ded wel oþer
    seid wel{;} ne mahen ha nanes weis liki þiderwarð wid richt ehe
    of god heorte · Ah {50} winked o{}þet half ⁊ bi{}halded a{}luft
    gif þer is o{u}t to et{}wite oþer{;} ladliche þiderward shuled
    mid eiþer.

        [Linenotes:
        48, 49. _eondfule_, _ondfule_] _d_ above in darker ink. ||
        51. _out_] _ont_ MS.]

Hwen ha ihereð þ̵ god{;} skleatteð þe earen adun · ah þe lust
aȝein þ̵ uuel{;} is eau{er} wid open · þenne he wrencheð þe
muð{;} hwen he turneð god to uuel · ⁊ ȝef hit is sumdel {55}
uuel · þurh mare lastunge wrencheð hit to wurse · þeos beoð
forecwidderes hare ahne p{ro}phetes · þeos bodieð · biuoren hu
þe eateliche deoflen schulen ȝet ageasten ham wið hare grennunge
· ⁊ [f. 57v] hu ha schulen ham seolf grennin ⁊ niuelin ⁊ makien
sur semblant for þe muchele angoise i þe pine of helle. Ah
for{}þi ha {60} beoð þe leasse to meanen þ̵ ha biuoren hond
leornið hare meoster to makien grim chere.

    hwen ha ihered þat god skletteð þe earen adun · Ah þe lust
    a{}gein þet uuel is ea wid opene. þenne wrenched þe mud mis{;}
    hwen he turned þet god to uuel · ⁊ gef hit is [p. 131] sumdel
    uuel{;} þurh more lastunge wrenched hit to {55} wurse. þeos beod
    for{}quiddares hare ahne p{ro}ph{et}es. þeos bodied biuoren hu
    þe ateliche deouelen shulen get agastan ham wid hare grennunge ·
    ⁊ hu ha shulen ham seolf grennen ⁊ niwelen · ⁊ makien sur
    semblant · for þe muchele angoise iþe pine of helle. Ah forþi ha
    beod þe lesse te meanen · þat ha bi{}foren hont leorned ha
    meoster te {60} makien grim chere.

        [Linenotes:
        53. _eawid_ MS. || 55. On lower margin in a later hand:
        _Prude and nid · and lecherie · Grede and idelhed ·
        coueitise and glotunie beod seouen ded Sundes_.]


++Þe wreaðule biuore þe feond skirmeð mid cniues · ⁊ is his cnif
warpere · ⁊ pleieð mid sweordes · bereð ha{m} bi þe scharp ord
up on his tunge. Sweord ⁊ cnif eiðer beoð scharpe ⁊ keoruinde
word {65} þ̵ he warpeð from him ⁊ skirmeð toward oþre · ⁊ he
bodeð hu þe deoflen schulen pleien wið him mid hare scharpe
eawles · skirmi wið hi{m} abuten ⁊ dusten ase pilche clut euch
toward oðer · ant wið helle sweordes asneasen him þurh ut · þ̵
beoð kene ant eateliche ant keoruinde pineN. {70}


    [++Þ]E wreadfule biuoren þe feond skirmed mid kniwes · is his
    knif warpare · ⁊ pleied mid sweordes · bered ham bi þe sharpe
    ord open his tunge. swerd ⁊ knif eiþer beoð sherpe ⁊ keorwinde :
    word þat he warped from him ⁊ skirmed toward oþere. And he boded
    hu {65} þe deouelen shulen pleien wid him · mid hare sharpe
    eawles · Skirmin wid him abuten · ⁊ dusten as a pilche [p. 132]
    clut · Euch toward oþere · ⁊ wid helle sweordes asnesen þurh ut
    þat beod kene ⁊ eateliche keorwinde pinen.

      [Linenote:
      67. _apilche_ MS.]


++Þe slawe lið ⁊ slepeð o þe deofles bearm as his deore deorling
· ⁊ te deouel leið his tutel dun to his eare · ⁊ tuteleð him al
þ̵ he wule. for swa hit is sikerliche to hwa{m} se is idel of
god{;} meaðeleð þe feond ȝeorne · ⁊ te idele underueð luueliche
his lare. Jdel ⁊ ȝemeles is þes deofleS bearnes slep · ah he
schal o domesdei grimliche abreiden {75} wið þe dredfule dream
of þe englene bemen · ⁊ in helle wontreaðe echeliche wakieN.
_Surgite aiunt mortui surgite ⁊ uenite ad iudicium saluatoriS._


    [++Þ]E slauwe lid ⁊ sleped oþe deoules barm as his deore
    deorling · ⁊ {70} þe deouel leid his tutel dun to his earen · ⁊
    tutelid him al þat he eawer uule. for swa hit is sikerliche to
    hwam se is idel of god · Meaþeled þe feond georne. ⁊ þe idele
    underweng luueliche his lare · Idel ⁊ gemeles is þes deoueles
    bernes slep · Ah he shal a domes dai grimliche abreiden · wid þe
    dredfule drem of þe englene bemen · ⁊ in {75} helle wondrede
    etheliche wakien · _Surgite mortui qui jacetis in sepulcris ·
    surgite ⁊ venite ad Judiciu{m} saluatoris_.


++Þe ȝiscere is his eskibah · feareð abuten esken · ⁊ bisiliche
stureð him to rukelin to gederes muchele ⁊ monie ruken · blaweð
þrin {80} ⁊ blent him seolf · peaðereð ⁊ makeð þrin figures of
augrim · as þes rikeneres doð þe habbeð muche to rikenin. Þis is
al þe canges blisse ⁊ te feond bihalt tis gomen ⁊ laheð þ̵ he
bersteð. Wel un [f. 58r] derstont euch wis mon þ̵ gold ba ⁊
seoluer · ⁊ euch eorðlich ahte · nis bute eorðe ⁊ ahte esken þe
ablendeð euch moN þe ham in blaweð · þ̵ {85} is þe bolheð him
þurh ham i{n} heorte prude. Ant al þ̵ he rukeleð ⁊ gedereð
to{}gederes · ⁊ ethalt of ei þing þ̵ nis bute esken mare þen hit
neodeð{;} schal in helle wurðen him tadden ⁊ neddren · ⁊ ba as
ysaie seið · schulen beon of wurmes{;} his cuuertur ⁊ his hwitel
· þe nalde þerwið neodfule feden ne schruden. _Subt{er} te
sternet{ur} {90} tinea ⁊ op{er}imentum tuum uermiS._


    [++Þ]E gissere is his eskebah · fared abuten esken · ⁊ bisiliche
    stured him te rukelen te{}gederes · muchele ⁊ monie ruken ·
    blawed þer [p. 133] in · ⁊ blend him seolf · paþered ⁊ maked
    þer{}in figures of {80} augrim · As þeos rich`k´eneres dod þat
    habbed muche te rikenen. þis is þes kanges blisse · ⁊ þe feond
    bi{}hald þis gomen · ⁊ lahed þat he bersteð. wel under{}stonde
    þis euch mon · þat gold ba ⁊ seoluer · ⁊ euch worldlich ahte ·
    nis buten eorðe ⁊ esken þat ablent euchmon þat in ham blaweð ·
    þat is þat þat bolehed ham þurh ham in heorte {85} prude. And al
    þat he rukeled ⁊ gedered to{}gedere · ⁊ ethalt of ani þing þat
    nis buten esken mare þen hit neodeð{;} shal in helle wurden him
    tadden ⁊ neddren · ⁊ ba as ysaie seið shulen beon of wurmes his
    cuuertur ⁊ his `þ´witel þat neolden war{}wið neodfule feden ⁊
    shruden. _Subt{er} te st{er}net{ur} tinea ⁊ op{er}im{en}tu{m}
    tuu{m}_ {90} _u{er}mis_.

      [Linenote:
      81. _rich`k´eneneres_ MS.]


++Þe ȝiuere glutun is þe feondes manciple · ah he stikeð eauer
iceler oðer icuchene · his heorte is i þe disscheS · his þoht al
i þe neppes · his lif i þe tunne · his sawle i þe crohhe · Kimeð
biuoren his lau{er}d bismuddet ⁊ bismulret · a disch in his an
hond · a scale in his {95} oðer. Meaðeleð mis wordes · wigleð as
fordrunke mon þe haueð imunt to fallen · bihalt his greate wombe
· ⁊ te deouel lahheð. Þeose þreatið þus godd þurh ysaie ·


    [++Þ]e giuere glutun is þes deoules manciple · Ah he stiked
    eauer iceler oþer icuche [p. 134] ne · his heorte is iþe dishes
    · his þoht al iþe nappes · his lif iþe tunne · his saule iþe
    crohhe · kimed bi woren his lauert bi{}smudded ⁊ bi{}smured · A
    dich in his an hond · A scale in {95} his oþer · Meadeled mis
    wordes wigeled as for drunken · mon þat haued mint to fallen ·
    bi{}halt his greate wombe. ⁊ þe deouel lahheð. þeos þreated þus
    god þurh ysaie ·

_Serui mei comedent ⁊ uos esurietis ⁊ c’._ Mine men schulen
eoten ⁊ ow schal eauer hungrin · ⁊ ȝe schule beon feorle world
buten ende. _Q{ua}ntum glorificauit se ⁊ in deliciis {100}
fuit{;} tantu{m} date illi tormen{t}um ⁊ luctum · In
apocal{ipsi} · Cont{ra} unu{m} poculum q{uo}d miscuit miscete ei
duo_. Ȝef þe kealche{}cuppe wallinde bres to drinken · Ȝeot in
his wide þrote þ̵ he swelte inwið. aȝein an ȝef him twa. þullich
is godes dom aȝein ȝiuere ⁊ druncwile iþe apocalipse. {105}

    _Serui mei co{m}mede{n}t ⁊ uos esurietis_ ⁊ c’. Mine men shulen
    eoten · ⁊ ow shal eawer hungren · ⁊ ge shulen beon feondes fode
    world buten ende. _Q{ua}ntu{m} gl[ori]ficauit {100} se ⁊ in
    deliciis fuit{;} tantu{m} date illi tormentu{m} ⁊ luctum ·
    Apocalip{sis} · Contr{a} unu{m} q{uo}d miscuit date illi duo_ ·
    gef þen kelche{}cuppe wallinde bras te drinken · geot in his
    wide þrote · þat he swelte in wið. agein gef him twa. þullich is
    godes dom agein giwere ⁊ druncwile iþe apocalipse. {105}



IX. ANCRENE WISSE (Corpus MS.)

    ANCREN RIWLE (Cotton MS. Nero)

[[Explanation from Notes volume:

“Passages in C (mostly interlined or marginal) which are not in N
are inserted between asterisks in the text of the latter. The
collations ... show the other divergences of C and those of T from N;
when not followed by any letter they give the readings of T; those
followed by C are the readings of C, while B indicates agreement of
T and C as against N.”

In the collations, N = Nero; C = Cleopatra; T Titus.]]


B. THE OUTER RULE

[f. 112v] Ȝe mine leoue sustren bute ȝef neod ow driue ⁊ ower
meistre hit reade · ne schulen habbe na beast bute cat ane.
Ancre þe haueð ahte · þuncheð bet husewif ase Marthe wes · ne
lihtliche ne mei ha nawt beo Marie marthe suster wið
griðfullnesse [f. 113r] of heorte. for þenne mot ha þenchen of
þe kues foddre · of heorde {5} monne hure ·

    [f. 116r] ++Ȝe mine leoue sustren *bute ȝef neod ow driue* ne
    schulen habben no best . bute kat one. ancre þet haueð eihte
    þuncheð bet husewif ase marthe was . þen ancre . ne none weis ne
    mei heo beon marie . *marthe suster * mid griðfulnesse of
    heorte. Vor þeonne mot heo þenchen of þe kues foddre and of {5}
    heordemonne huire .

        [Collations: 1. mine ... sustren _om._ || 2. schule ȝe C || haue
        || na | nan C || beast B || cat || ane B || þe C || 3. haues ||
        ahte | achte C || semes || bet{er}e B || as B || wes C || þen
        ancre _om._ B nanes | for `lihtliche oðer´ nanes C || 4. weies
        || mai || ho | ha C || beo || wið B || 5. for þenne B || ho |
        ha C || cuwes C || and _om._ B || 6a. þe heordes || hure C]

Olhnin þe heiward · wearien hwen he punt hire · ⁊ ȝelden þah þe
hearmes. ladlich þing is hit wat crist hwen me makeð i tune man
of ancre ahte. Nu þenne ȝef eani mot nedlunge habben hit · loki
þ̵ hit namon ne eili ne ne hearmi · ne þ̵ hire þoht ne beo
nawiht þron ifestnet. ancre ne ah to habben na þing þ̵ utward
drahe hire {10} heorte.

    oluhnen þene heiward . warien hwon me punt hire ⁊ ȝelden þauh ðe
    hermes. wat crist þis is lodlich þing . hwon me [f. 116v] makeð
    mone i{n} tune of ancre eihte. Þauh ȝif eni mot nede habben ku :
    loke ðet heo none mo{n}ne ne eilie : ne ne hermie . ne þet hire
    þouht ne beo nout þeron i{}uestned. ancre ne ouh nout {10} to
    habben no þing þet drawe utward hire heorte.

      [Linenote:
      8. _me me_ MS.]

        [Collations: 6b. Olcne | olchni C || þe B || haiward | haiwart C
        || hwen he B || pundes || 7. ȝelde B || þah | þach C || harmes B
        || ladli | ladlich C || þing is wat c{ri}st hwen B || 8. mo{n}
        || makes B || i{n} tune man | itune man C || ancres B || ahte |
        achte C || Nu þenne _latter deleted_, þah _in margin_ | Nu þach
        C || ȝef C || ani B || 9. nedinge | nedunge C || haue || ku] hit
        B || hit na mo{n} B || eile | eili C || harme | harmi C || 10.
        ni || þoht | þocht C || nawt | nawicht C || ter{}on | þron C ||
        ifestnet || Anker || ah | ach C || nawt T _om._ C || 11a. haue
        || no þing _om._ T || nan C || utward drahe | utwart draȝe C]

+N+a chaffere ne driue ȝe · ancre þ̵ is chepilt · þ̵ is · buð
forte sullen efter biȝete · ha chepeð hire sawle þe chapmon of
helle. þing þah þ̵ ha wurcheð ha mei þurh hire meistres read{;}
for hire neode sullen · hali men sumhwile liueden bi hare
honden.

    none cheffare ne driue ȝe. ancre þet is cheapild .* þe buð for
    te sullen efter biȝete * {12} heo cheapeð hire soule : þe chepmon
    of helle. *Þing þah þ̵ ha wurcheð{;} ha mei wel þurh hire
    meistres read{;} for hire neode sullen. þah swa dernliche as
    ha mei for misliche mon{n}e wordes.*

      [Linenote:
      12. _ȝe_ over an erasure.]

        [Collations: 11b. Na B || chaffare | cheffere C || 12. Anker ||
        chapmon chepilt [[C]] || 13. ho | ha C || cheapes | cheapeð C
        || sawle | saule to C || chapmo{n} | chepmo{n} C]

+N+awt deore dehtren ne wite ȝe in ower hus of oðer monne {15}
þinges · ne ahte ne claðes · ne boistes · ne chartres · Scoren
ne cyrograffes · ne þe chirch uestemenz · ne þe calices · bute
neode oðer strengðe hit makie{;} oðer muchel eie. Of swuch
witunge is muchel vuel ilumpen ofte siðen.

    Ne wite ȝe {15} nout i{n} oure huse of oðer mo{n}nes þinges . ne
    eihte . ne cloðes . ne nout ne vnderuo ȝe ðe chirche uestimenz
    ne þene caliz bute ȝif * neod oðer* strencðe hit makie : oðer
    muchel eie. vor of swuche witunge is i{}kumen muchel `vuel´
    oftesiðen.

      [Linenote:
      19. _vuel_ on margin.]

        [Collations: 15. Nawt ne | Naut ne C || ȝe _om._ C || 16. owre |
        ouwer C || hus B || of _om._ B || mon{n}e C || ahte | achte C ||
        claðes || ne nout ... caliz _om._ C, _then interlined_ `bute
        neod ... eie´ || ne ... ȝe _om._ || 17. Nawt te chirche
        uestemenz ne þe chaliz || ȝif ... oðer _om._ || 18. stre{n}gðe
        || make || vor _om._ B || swuch | swich C || lokinge | witing C
        || 19a. muchel bifallen | muchel uuel ilu{m}pen C || vuel _om._
        || siðe]

+I+N wið ower wanes ne leote ȝe namon slepeN · Ȝef muchel neod
mid alle makeð breoken ower hus · hwil hit eauer is {20}
ibroken · habbeð þrinne wið ow a wummon of cleane lif deies ant
nihteS.

    wiði{n}nen ower woanes : ne lete ȝe nenne mon slepen. ȝif muchel
    neode mid alle makeð breken {20} ower hus : þeo hwule ðet hit
    eu{er} is i broken : loke þet ȝe habben þeri{n}e mid ou one
    wu{m}mon of clene liue . deies ⁊ nihtes.

        [Collations: 19b. Inwið B || owre || wahes | wanes C || lete ȝe
        _bis_ || 20. na wepmo{n} | nan mo{n} C || ȝef C || muche B ||
        ned | neod C || wið makes B || to breke | breoken C || 21. owre
        || þe _om._ B || hwil B || ðet _om._ B || eau{er} B || loke þet
        ȝe _om._ B || haues | habbeð C || ter{}inne | þrinne C || 22.
        wið ow B || a | an C || cleane lif B || daies || nichtes C]

+F+or þi þ̵ wepmen ne seoð ow ne ȝe ham · wel mei don of ower
clað beo hit hwit beo hit blac bute hit beo unorne · warm ⁊ wel
iwraht · felles wel itawet · ⁊ habbeð ase monie as ow to neodeð
to bedde ⁊ to rugge. {25}


    ++Uor{}ði þet no mon ne i{}sihð ou . ne ȝe ne i{}seoð nenne mon :
    wel mei don of ower cloðes . beon heo hwite : beon heo blake.
    bute þet heo beon unorne ⁊ warme ⁊ wel i wrouhte. uelles wel i
    tauwed. {25} ⁊ habbeð ase monie ase ou to neodeð . to bedde and
    eke to rugge.

      [Linenote:
      23, 24. _welmeidon_ MS.]

        [Collations: 23. For B || na nan C || seo | sið C || ow B || ne
        iseoð _om_. B || ham | him C || 24. duhen || owre | ouwer C ||
        clað B || beo hit hwit beo hit blac bute hit beo B || 25. ⁊
        _om._ B || warm B || iwraht | iwracht C || felles B || iteawet |
        itauwet C || 26. habbes || as ow B || to nedes || eke _om._ B]

+N+est flesch ne schal nan werien linnene clað bute hit beo of
hearde ⁊ of greate heorden. Stamin habbe hwa{}se wule · hwa{}se
wule beo buten. Ȝe schulen in an hetter ant igurd liggen · swa
leoðeliche þah þ̵ ȝe mahen honden put [f. 113v] ten þer{}under.
Nest lich nan ne gurde hire wið na cunne gurdles : bute þurh
schriftes leaue. Ne {30} beore nan irn ne here · ne ilespiles
felles · ne ne beate hire þer{}wið{;} ne wið scurge i{}leadet ·
wið holin ne wið breres · ne biblodgi hire seolf{;} wið{}ute
schriftes leaue · nohwer ne binetli hire · ne ne beate bi{}uoren
· ne na keoruunge ne keorue · ne ne neome ed eanes to luðere
disceplines · te{m}ptaciuns forte acwenchen · ne for na bote {35}
aȝein cundeliche secnesses · nan uncundelich lechecreft ne leue
ȝe ne ne fondin · wið{}uten ower meistres read{;} leste ow
stonde wurse.


    ++Nexst fleshe ne schal non werien no linnene cloð bute ȝif hit
    beo of herde and of greate heorden. stamin `habbe´ hwo{}se wule.
    and hwo{}se wule mei beon buten. ȝe schullen liggen in on heater
    and i gurd. ne bere ȝe non iren . ne here . ne [f. 117r]
    irspiles felles. {30} ne ne beate`ou´þer mide. ne mid schurge
    i{}leðered : ne i{}leaded. ne mid holie . ne mid breres . ne ne
    biblodge hire sulf : wið{}uten schriftes leaue . ne ne nime et
    enes to ueole disceplines.

        [Collations: 27. Nest flesch B || nan B || werie || no _om._
        || nan C || cloð _om._ B || ȝif _om._ B || 28. harde B ||
        heordes || were C || hwa B || wile || 29. and _om._ || hwa B
        || nule{;} beo wið uten || mei beon _om._ C || schuln in |
        schulen in C || an B || hatter | hetter C || 30. gurd liggen
        | igurd liggen C || were nan irn | beore nan iren C || haire
        || ylespiles B || 31. hire þerwið B || wið B || i leðered ne
        _om._ B || ileadet B || ne _om._ B || 32. wið holin | wið
        holine C || wið B || ne blodeke | ne bibloðgi C || selue{n}
        | seolf C || ute C || schirches || 33a. nine _for_ ne ne ||
        neome C || ateanes | ed eanes C || feole B || disciplines |
        diciplines C]

+O+wer schon i winter beon meoke · greate ⁊ warme. I sumer ȝe
habbeð leaue bearuot gan ⁊ sitten ⁊ lihte scheos werieN ·
+H+osen wið ute vampez{;} ligge in hwa{}se likeð · +I+scheoed ne
slepe ȝe nawt · ne {40} noh wer bute i bedde. Sum wummon
inohreaðe wereð þe brech of here ful wel icnottet · þe
streapeles dun to þe vet ilacet ful feaste · ah eauer is best þe
swete ⁊ te swote heorte. Me is leou{er}e þ̵ ȝe þolien wel an
heard word{;} þen an heard here.

    ower schon beon greate and warme. Ine sumer ȝe habbeð leaue
    uorto gon and sitten baruot. and hosen wið{}uten uaumpez . and
    ligge ine ham : hwo{}so likeð. Su{m} {35} wu{m}on i{}nouh{}reaðe
    . wereð þe brech of heare fulwel i{}knotted . and þe strapeles
    adun to hire uet. i laced ful ueste.

        [Collations: 33b. owre || scheon C || 34. I | In C ||
        haue{n} || barefot to Gan ⁊ sitten | barfot gan ⁊ sitten C
        || 35. and _om._ B || Hose || uampez | uampeð C || and _om._
        B || ham _om_. B || hwa se like | hwase wule C || 36. mon ||
        inohraðe | inochraðe C || weres te brec || haire | here C ||
        icnotten | icnotted C || and _om._ B || 37a. strapples ||
        dun to þe fet B || faste]

Ȝef ȝe muhen beo wimpelles ⁊ ȝe wel wullen{;} beoð bi warme
cappen · ⁊ þer{}uppon hwite oðer blake veiles. {45} Anc{re}n
summe sungið in hare wimplunge{;} na leasse þen leafdis. Ah þah
seið sum þ̵ hit limpeð to euch wummon cundeliche forte werien
wimpel · Nai · wimpel ne heaued clað nowðer ne nempneð hali
writ{;} ah wriheles ane ·

    ȝif ȝe muwen beon wimpel leas : *⁊ ȝe wel wullen* beoð bi warme
    keppen . and þeruppon *oðer hwite oðer* blake ueiles. *Ancren
    su{m}me sungið in ha[re] wimlunge na lesse þene lefdị Sum seið
    þ̵ hit limped . to e[i] wu{m}mon cu{n}deliche{;} {40} for{}te
    weri[en] wimpel. Nai . Wimpel ne hef[ed] nouðer ne nemneð hali
    writ{;} ah wriheles of heuet.

        [Collations: 37b. _For_ ȝif ... bi, T _has_ habbes || ȝef ȝe
        mahen (_over_ muchel _del._) beo wimpelles C || 38. cappes |
        cappen C || and ... wimlunge _in_ l. 52 _om._ || þruppo{n} C
        || 39. ueilles C]

Ad corinthios · _Mulier uelet caput suu{m}_ · Wummon seið þe
apostle schal wreon hire heaued. wrihen he seið {50} nawt
wimpliN. wrihen ha schal hire scheome · as eue sunfule dohteR ·
i mungunge of þe sunne þ̵ schende us on earst alle · ant nawt
drahe þe wriheles to tiffunge ⁊ to prude ·

    Ad cor[inth.] _M{u}lier uelet cap{ut} suu{m}_. Wu{m}mon seið þe
    apostel schal wrihen hi[re] heauet. wrihen he seið naut wimplin.
    wrihen ha schal hire scheome as sunfule eue dohte[r{;}] i
    mu{n}gunge of þe su{n}ne þ̵ sch[en]de us erst alle ⁊ naut {45}
    drah[en] þ̵ wriheles te tiffung ⁊ te p{ru}[e].

Eft wule [f. 114r] þe apostle þ̵ wummon wreo i chirche hire neb
ȝetten · leste uuel þoht arise þurh hire onsihðe · _Et hoc {est}
propt{er} ang{e}los_. hwi þenne {55} þu chirch ancre iwimplet
openest þi neb to wepmonnes ehe{;} toȝeines þe sist men{;}
spekeð þe apostle · ȝef þu þe ne hudest. ah ȝef þ̵ ei þing
wriheð þi neb from monnes ehe · beo hit wah beo hit clað · i wel
i rund windowe · wel mei duhen ancre of oðer wimplunge. Toȝeines
þe þe þ{us} ne dest{;} spekeð þe apostle nawt toȝeines oþre ·
þ̵ {60} hare ahne wah wriheð wið euch{}monnes sihðe. þer
awakenið ofte wake þohtes of · ⁊ werkes oðerhwileS. Hwa{}se wule
beon isehen{;} þah ha atiffi hire nis nawt muche wunder{;} ah to
godes ehnen ha is lufsumre{;} þe is for þe luue of him{;}
untiffet wið{}uteN.

    Eft wule seinte pauel þ̵ wu{m}m[o{n}] wreo i chirche hire neb
    ȝette leste vuel þoht arise þurh hir[e] on{}sihðe ⁊ _h{oc} {est}
    · p{ro}p{ter} ang[e]los_. Hwi þenne þu chirche ancre al beo þu
    iwimplet{;} openest þah þi neb to weopmones ehe . Te ȝeines þe.
    þe isist men spekeð seinte pauel. Ah ȝef ei þing {50} wriheð{;}
    þi neb fro{m} mo{n}nes ehe{;} beo hit wah beo hit clað i{}þi
    p{ar}lures þurl{;} wel mei duhen ancre of oðer wimlu{ng}e.*
    Hwo{}se wule beon i{}seien . þauh heo atiffe hire{;} nis nout
    muchel wunder . auh to godes eien . heo is lufsumere þet is uor
    ðe luue of him{;} untiffed wið{}uten.

      [Linenote:
      52. _wimlumpe_ MS.]

        [Collations: 52. hwa B || 53. wile || isehen | iseȝen C ||
        of alle þ hire cume{n} to _add_. || þah | þach C || ho | ha
        C || atiffen | atifi C || ham | na | nan C || muche B || 54.
        Ah | ach C || ehne | echne{n} C || ho | ha C || lufsumer ||
        þe is C || for B || 55a. untiffet B]

+R+ing ne broche ne habbe ȝe · ne gurdel imembret · ne glouen ne
nan swuch {65} þing þ̵ ow ne deh to habben. A meoke surpliz ȝe
mahen in hat sumer werien.

    Ring . ne broche nabbe ȝe . ne gurdel i{}me{m}bred . {55} ne
    glouen . ne no swuch þing þet ou . ne deih for{}to habben.
    *vnderstondeð . þ̵ of alle þeose þinges nis nan hest ne forbot
    for alle ha beoð of þe vttere riwle þ̵ is lute strencðe of{;}
    for hwon þ̵ te inre beo wel iwist as ic seide i þe frumðe . {ha}
    mei beon ichanget hwer{}se euer ei neod oder eni skile hit askeð
    . eft{er} þ̵ ha mei ase {60} þuften . best seruin þe leafdi
    riwle.*

      [Linenotes:
      55. _i menbred_ MS. || 59. _ha_] _&_ MS.]

        [Collations: 55b. ni || ni || i membret || 56. ni gloues ||
        na | nan C || swich C || ow B || deah || i burð C || for
        _om._ B]

+E+auer me is leou{er}e se ȝe doð greattre werkes. +N+e makie ȝe
nane purses forte freondin ow wið · bute to þeo þ̵ ower meistre
ȝeueð ow his leaue · ne huue ne blod{}binde of seolc · ne laz
buten leaue · Ah schapieð ⁊ seowið ⁊ mendið chirche claðes · ⁊
poure monne hettren. {70} na swuch þing ne schule ȝe ȝeouen
wið{}uteN schriftes leaue · namare þen neomen · þ̵ ȝe ne seggen
hi{m} fore{;} as of oðre þinges · kun oðer cuððe · hu ofte ȝe
under uengen · hulonge ȝe edheolden. tendre of cunne limpeð nawt
ancre beonne. A mon wes of religiun · ⁊ com to him efter help
his fleschliche broðer · ⁊ he tahte him to his þridde {75}
breðer · þe wes dead biburiet. Þe ondswerede wundrinde · Nai
q{uo}ð he nis he dead? ant ich q{uo}ð þe hali mon [f. 114v] am
dead gasteliche. Na fleschlich freond ne easki me fleschlich
froure. Amices ⁊ parures · worldliche leafdis mahen inoh wurchen
· ant ȝef ȝe ham makieð{;} ne makie ȝe þrof na mustreisun ·
veine gloire attreð alle {80} gode þeawes · ⁊ alle gode werkes.
Criblin ne schal nan of ow for luue ne for hure. Taueles ne
forbeode ich nawt. Ȝef sum riueð surpliz oðeR measse kemese{;}
oþre riuunges ne riue ha nawt nomeliche oueregede · bute for
muche neode.

    [Linenotes:
    75. _to his_] _is_ on erasure. || 76. _breðer_] _er_ on erasure. ||
    77. Before _nis_, _d_ erased.]


    ++Euer me is leouere . so ȝe don gretture werkes. ne makie none
    purses . uorte ureonden ou mide .* bute to þeo þ̵ ower meistre
    ȝeoueð ow his leaue*{;} ne blodbendes of seolke .* ne laz . bute
    leaue*{;} auh schepieð and seouweð and amendeð chirche cloðes .
    and poure {65} monne cloðes. no þing ne schule ȝe ȝiuen :
    wið{}uten schriftes leaue.

        [Collations: 62. Eauer B || leu{er}e | leoure C || se B ||
        gratt{er}e | grett{er}e [[C]] || Ne ... cloðes _in_ l. 66
        _om._ || make ȝe C || nane C || 63. forto freonden ow wið C ||
        64. blod binden of seolc C || 65. Ach schap`i´eð ⁊ seoweð ⁊
        mendeð (e _over_ ạ) C || claðes C || 66. menne hettren C ||
        Na | nan || `swuc´ C || ȝeoue{n} bute ȝe hauen chirches leaue ||
        ȝeuen C]

+H+elpeð ow wið ower ahne swinc se forð se ȝe eauer mahen to
schriden ow seoluen ⁊ feden ȝef {85} neod is · ⁊ þeo þe ow
seruið. +A+s sein Jerome leareð · ne beo ȝe neauer longe ne
lihtliche of sum{}þing allunges idel · for anan rihtes þe feond
beot hire his werc þe i godes werc ne swinkeð · ⁊ tuteleð anan
toward hire. foR hwil he sið hire bisi{;} he þencheð þus · for
nawt ich schulde nu cume neh hire{;} ne mei ha nawt iȝemen to
lustni {90} mi lare. Of idelnesse awakeneð muchel flesches
fondunge. _Iniquitas Sodome{;} saturitas panis ⁊ ocium_ · þ̵ is
· SodomeS cwedschipe com of idelnesse ⁊ of ful wombe. Irn þ̵ lið
stille gedereð sone rust · weater þe ne stureð nawt{;} readliche
stinkeð.

    helpeð mid ower owune swinke so uorð so ȝe muwen to schruden ou
    suluen and *feden ȝef neod is* þeo ðet ou serueð . ase seint
    ierome lereð : ne beo ȝe neu{er} idel . uor anonrihtes ðe ueond
    beot hire his werc : þet ine godes werke ne wurcheð . and he
    tuteleð anonrihtes {70} touward hire. uor þeo hwule [f. 117v]
    þet he isihð hire bisi . `he´ þencheð þus . vor nout ich schulde
    nu kumen neih hire{;} ne mei heo nout i{}hwulen uorto her`c´nen
    mine lore. of idelnesse awakeneð muchel flesshes fondunge .
    _Iniq{ui}tas sodome . sat{ur}itas panis ⁊ ociu{m}_. þet is. al
    sodomes cweadschipe kom of idelnesse : ⁊ of ful {75} wombe. Iren
    þet lið stille{;} gedereð sone rust . and water þet ne stureð
    nout readliche stinkeð.

        [Collations: 67. Helpes || wið B || owre || ahne | achne C ||
        swinc | swinch C || se forð se B || muhen | muchȝen C ||
        68. ow seluen | ow seoluen C || ta þ̵ ow serue{n} | ow
        seruið C || As B || sein || 69. leares | leareð C || neau{er} B
        || `allu{n}ge´ idel `⁊ se forð as ȝe mahen´ C || for B ||
        ananrihtes | ananrichtes C || te || feond | feont C || bedes. ||
        70. þe C || i | in C || werc B || swinkes | swinkeð C || he
        _om._ B || tuteles | anan B || 71. toward | towart C || for hwil
        he B || seos | sið C || 72. he þe swike þenches t{us} || for B
        || noht | naut C || ischulde nu cume to hire | cumen nu nech
        hire C || mai || 73. ho | ha C || nawt | naut C || ȝeme nu |
        iȝemen C || to B || lustne{n} mi | lustin min C || lare B ||
        wakene{n} || 74. muchele || flesches B || fondinges || 75. al
        _om._ B || sodome || cwedschipe C || com B || 76. wambe || Irn
        þ̵ lis || Gederes || muche C || and _om._ B || 77a. stures ||
        nawt | naut C || raðliche | readiliche C || stinkes]

+A+ncre ne schal nawt forwurðe scolmeistre · ne turnen ancre
husto {95} childrene scole · hire meiden mei learen sum oðer
meiden · þ̵ were pliht of to leornin among{e} wepmen · oðer
bimong gromes. ah ancre ne ah to ȝemen bute godd ane · þah bi
hire meistres read ha mei sum rihten ⁊ helpen to learen.

    ancre ne schal nout forwurðen scolme`i´stre : ne turnen hire
    ancre hus{;} to childrene scole. hire meiden mei þauh techen
    su{m} lutel meiden. þet were dute of forto leornen among gromes
    . auh ancre ne ouh forto ȝemen bute god one. *þah {80} bi hire
    meistres read{;} ha mei su{m} rihten ⁊ helpe te leren.*

        [Collations: 77b. ȝe ne schule sende lettres. | Ne underfo
        lettres bute leaue C || nawt | naut C || forwurðe B ||
        scolemeister || scol _above erasure_ C || 78. hire _om._ B ||
        ancres || childre`ne´ schole C || Hire ... leren _in l._ 81
        _om._ || 79. þauh _om._ C || learen C || lute C || of{;} to C ||
        80. bimong gremes C || Ach C || nach to ȝeme C || ane C]

Ȝe ne schulen senden leattres · ne underuon leattres · ne writen
bute leaue. Ȝe schulen beon i doddet · {100} oðer ȝef ȝe wulleð
ischauen fowr siðen i þe ȝer · to lihtin ower heaued · beo bi þe
her ieueset{;} [f. 115r] hwa{}se swa is leouere · ant as ofte
ileten blod ⁊ ȝef neod iS{;} oftre · Þe mei beo þer buten{;} ich
hit mei wel þolien. Hwen ȝe beoð ilete blod{;} ȝe ne schule don
na þing þe þreo dahes þ̵ ow greueð · ah talkið to ower {105}
meidnes · ⁊ wið þeawfule talen schurteð ow to{}gederes. Ȝe maheN
swa don ofte hwen ow þuncheð heuie{;} oðer beoð for sum
worltlich þing sare oðer seke · þah euch worltlich froure is
unwurðe to ancre.

  [Linenote:
  104. After _beoð_, _al greiðe_ struck out.]


    ++Ȝe ne schulen senden lettres . ne underuon lettres . ne
    writen : buten leaue. ȝe schulen beon i{}dodded four siðen iðe
    ȝere : uorto lihten ower heaued. *oðer ȝef ȝe wulled ischauen.
    hwa se wule ieveset. ah ha mot te oft{er}e weschen ⁊ kemben hire
    heauet*{;} and ase ofte ileten {85} blod . and oftere ȝif neod
    is . and hwo so mei beon þer wið uten{;} ich hit mei wel i
    þolien. hwon ȝe beoð i{}leten blod . ȝe ne schulen don no þing
    þeo þreo dawes{;} þet ou greue . auh talkeð mid ower meidenes.
    and mid þeaufule talen : schurteð ou to gederes. ȝe muwen don so
    ofte : hwon ou þuncheð heuie . oðer beoð uor sume worldliche
    þinge {90} sorie : oðer seke.

        [Collations: 82. und{er}fon || bute || 83. schule C || beo ||
        idoddet C || iþ{e} ȝer fiftene siðe || ȝer C uorto ... heauet
        _in l. 85 om._ || to lichten ower heauet C || 85. ⁊ fowr siðe
        ilet{en} | ⁊ as ofte ilete blod | `⁊ ȝef neod is oftere´ C ||
        86. oftre || ned || and ... þolien _om._ C || Hwa se mai wel
        beo wið ute{n}: ich hit mai þolie{n} || 87. Hwon ... blod
        _om._ C || Hwe{n} || arn schule C do þreo daies na þi{n}g þ̵ ow
        greues || don `þeo´ þreo daȝes nan þing þ̵ ow greueð C || 88. Ah
        ach C || talkes || to B || owre seruant | ower meidnes C ||
        89. wið B || þeawfule | þeufule C || tales: schurtes ow |
        schurtið C || muhen | muȝe C || swa don ofte hwen ow B ||
        90. þu{n}ches || heui C || arn || for sum B || worldlich C ||
        þing B || 91a. sari B]

+S+wa wisliche witeð ow in ower blodletunge{;} ⁊ haldeð ow i
swuch reste{;} þ̵ ȝe longe þreft{er} mahen i godes seruise þe
monluker swinken · {110} ant alswa hwen ȝe feleð eani secnesse.
Muchel sotschipe hit is leosen for an dei{;} tene oðer tweolue.
+V+esscheð ow hwer{}se neod is as ofte as ȝe wulleð ·

    So wisliche witeð ou i{n} our blod{}letunge : and holdeð ou ine
    swuche reste . þet ȝe longe þer efter muwen ine godes seruise þe
    monluker swinken . and also hwon ȝe i{}ueleð eni secnesse . vor
    muchel sotschipe hit is. uorto [f. 118r] uorleosen uor one deie .
    tene oðer tweolue. Wassheð ou hwar se ȝe habbeð neode : ase ofte
    {95} ase ȝe wulleð.

        [Collations: 91b. Swa B wislich C || wites || Of ower
        blodletunge _in marg._ C || ow B || owre | ower C ||
        blodletinge || 92. haldes | haldeð C || ow B || iswuch | in
        swich C || rest || þraft{er} | þreft{er} C || muhen | muȝen C ||
        ine _om._ C || i{}godes || 93. þe _om._ C || wurchen C ||
        alswa | alse C || hwen B || felen | feleð C || ani B || 94. vor
        _om._ B || muche B || sotchipe C || uorto _om._ C || to lose
        | leosen C || for an B || dai | dei C || 95. twelue | tweọlue C
        || Vas _del._ wasches _in marg._ wescheð C || ow B || hwer B ||
        ned is | neod is C || as B || 96. as B || wiln | wull{et} C ||
        Ouwer meidnes riwle _in marg._ C]

        [[96. wull{et} C _corrected in Notes from “wulh”_]]

⁊ ower oþre þinges. Nes neauer fulðe godd leof · þah pou{er}te
⁊ unorneschipe beon him licwurðe. +V+Nderstondeð eauer of alle
þeose þinges · þ̵ nan nis heast ne forbod þ̵ {115} beoð of þe
uttre riwle · þet is lute strengðe of. for hwon þ̵ te inre beo
wel iwist as ich seide i þe frumðe · þeos mei beon ichanget
hwer{}se eani neod oðer eani skile hit easkeð · efter þ̵ ha best
mei þe leafdi riwle seruin as hire eadmode þuften · ah
sikerliche wið{}uten hire þe leafdi feareð to wundre.

  [Linenote:
  120. _towundre_ MS.]

  [[This section has no parallel in the Cotton MSS.]]


+A+ncre þe naueð nawt neh {120} honde hire fode{;} beoð bisie
twa wummen. An eauer þe leaue ed hame{;} an oþer þe wende ut ·
hwenne driueð neod · ⁊ þeo beo ful unorne wið{}uten euch
tiffunge · oðer a lutel þuftene{;} oðer of feier ealde. Bi þe
wei as ha geað{;} ga singinde hire beoden · ne ne halde na tale
wið mon ne wið wummon · ne sitte ne ne stonde · bute þ̵ {125}
leaste þet ha eauer mei ear þen ha ham cume. Nohwider elles ne
ga [f. 115v] heo bute þider as me send hire · wið{}ute leaue ·
ne ne eote ha ne ne drinke ute ·


    ++Ancre þet naueð nout neih honde hire uode : beoð bisie two
    wu{m}men . on ðet bi{}leaue eu{er} ethom . an oðer þet wende ut
    hwon hit is neod . and þeo beo ful unorne *oðer a lute þuhten*
    oðer of feir elde and biðe weie ase heo geð . go singinde hire
    beoden . {100} ne ne holde heo nout none tale mid mon ne mid
    wu{m}mon . ne ne sitte ne ne stonde bute þet leste þet heo mei
    er þen heo kume hom. nouhwuder elles ne go heo{;} bute þider ase
    me sent hire. wið{}ute leaue : ne ete heo ne ne drinke ute.

      [Linenote:
      102. After _mei_ erasure of one letter.]

        [Collations: 97. Anker || þe C || naues || nawt | naut C || neh
        hond | nech hont C || fode B || beos || bisi || twa wimmen B ||
        98. an B || þe C || leaue eau{er} _with erasure of two letters
        before_ || eauer leaue C || at hame | ed hame C || þe C ||
        99. hwen B || ned driues | neod driueð C || tat || 100. of _om._
        || feiȝer C || ealde B || and _om._ B || wei || as B || ho Gas |
        ha geað C || Ga B || seiende | segginde C || beodes || 101. Ni
        ne || halde B || heo nout _om._ B || na | nan C || wið B ||
        wið B || ni sitte ne stonde | Ne sitten ne stonden C ||
        102. þe B || leaste || ho | ha C || ear B || þenne C || ho |
        ha C || ham cume B || 103. Nohwider | Nochwder C || ga B || heo
        _om._ || ha C || as B || mo{n} sendes || 104a. eote C || ho |
        ha C]

Þe oþer beo eauer inne · ne wið{}ute þe ȝeten : ne ga wið{}ute
leaue. Ba beon obedient to hare dame in alle þing · bute i sunne
ane · na þing nabben þet heo hit nute · ne underuo na {130} þing
· ne ne ȝeoue nowðer{;} wið{}uten hire leaue. Na mon ne leote ȝe
in · ne þe ȝung{re} ne speoke wið namon bute leaue · ne ga ha
nawt ut of tune : wið{}uten siker fere · ȝef hit swa mei beon{;}
ne ne ligge ute. ȝef heo ne con oboke{;} segge bi pa{te}r
n{ost}res · ant bi auez hire ures · ⁊ wurche þ̵ me hat hire wið
ute gruchu{n}ge. habbe eauer hire {135} earen opene toward hire
dame.

    þe oðer beo eu{er} i{n}ne . ne wið{}ute þe ȝeate ne go heo nout
    wið{}ute leaue. boðe beon obedient to hore {105} dame i{n} alle
    þinges{;} bute ine sūnne one. no þing nabben heo{;} þet hore
    dame hit nute . ne ne underuon no þing . ne ne ȝiuen wið{}uten
    hire leaue. Nenne mon ne leten heo in . ne ðe ȝungre ne speke
    mid none monne : bute leaue . ne ne go nout ut of tune .
    wið{}uten siker uere . ne ne ligge ute. ȝif heo ne con o boke :
    sigge bi p{ate}r n{ostr}es {110} and bi auez hire vres . and
    wurche þet me hat hire wið{}uten grucchunge. habbe euer hire
    earen opene touward hire dame.

        [Collations: 104b. eauer B || 105. ȝate | ȝete C || ga B ||
        heo _om._ | ha C || nout _om._ B || Baðe | ba C || hare C ||
        106. þing B || in B || ane B || Na | Nan C || heo _om._ ||
        107. ho | heo C _for_ hore dame || ni vnderfo | Ne underuo C ||
        na | nan C || ȝiue | ȝeouen C || _add_ nowðer | nouðer C ||
        108. leue || Na | Nan C || heo _om._ B || ni || ðe ȝungre
        _om._ C || speoken C || mid none monne _om._ C || wið na
        wepmo{n} || 109. wið ute B || leue || Ne ga B || noht |
        naut C || 110. fere B || ȝef C || ho | ha C || on C || segge B
        || 111. auees C || wurche ⁊ do hwat C || mo{n} bides ||
        wið{}ute || grucchinge B || 112a. eau{er} B || eares ||
        toward | towart C || lafdi]

Nowðer of þe wummen ne beore from hare dame · ne ne bringe to
hire nane idele talen{;} ne neowe tidinges · ne bitweonen ham
seolf{;} ne singen ne ne speoken na ne worldliche spechen · ne
lahhen swa ne pleien{;} þet ei mon þ̵ hit sehe{;} mahte hit to
uuel turnen. Ouer alle þinges leasunges ⁊ luðere wordes {140}
heatien. hare her beo icoruen · hare heaued clað sitte lahe ·
eiðer ligge ane. Hare cop beo hehe isticchet · ⁊ bute broche.
na{}mon ne seo ham unleppet ne open heaued. lah locunge habben.

  [Linenote:
  141. _laḥhe_ MS.]

    nouðer of ðe wu{m}men ne beren urom hore dame . ne ne bringen to
    hire . none idele talen : ne neowe tiþinges . ne bitweonen ha{m}
    sulf ne singen . ne ne speken none worldliche spechen . ne
    lauhwen ne ne pleien so ðet {115} ei mon þet hit iseie . muhte
    [f. 118v] hit to v`u´el t{ur}nen. ou{er} alle þing leasunge and
    luðere wordes . hatien. Hore her beo i{}koruen . hore heuedcloð
    sitte lowe. eiðer ligge one. Hore hesmel beo heie istihd{;} al
    wið{}ute broche. no mon ne i{}seo ham unweawed . ne open heaued.
    *Inwið þe wanes ha muhe werie scapeloris hwen mantel {120} ham
    heuegeð . ute{;} gan i{}mantlet þe heauet i{}hudeket.* louh
    lokunge habben.

        [Collations: 112b. Nowðer || 113. of þe wummen _om._ C || of þe
        familiers ne beo fra{m} hire lafdi ni ni bringe nowðer || ne
        beore ne ne bringe to heore dame C || none _om._ B ||
        114. tales || newe || tidinges C || bitwenen B || self |
        seolf C || ne ne singen C || ni ne speken | ne ne speoken ham
        seolf C || 115. none _om._ C || nane speches || lahhen swa ne
        pleien þ̵ | lachȝen swa ne pleiȝen þ̵ C || 116. ani || sehe |
        sechȝe C || mihte | machte C || hit _om._ C || turnen hit ||
        117. þi{n}ge || leasinges | leasing C || uuele C || hare C ||
        beon C || icoruen B || 118. hore ... i hudeket _om._ ||
        hare C || clað C || lachȝe C || ane C || hare cop beo hechȝe
        isticched C || 119. al _om._ C || na C || seo C || unlepped C]

Heo ne schulen cussen na{}mon · ne cuðmon ne cunnes mon · ne for
na cuððe cluppen · ne weschen hare heaued · ne lokin feaste o na
mon{;} ne toggin {145} wið ne pleien. Hare weden beon of swuch
schape · ⁊ al hare aturn swuch{;} þet hit beo edscene hwerto ha
beoð iturnde. Hare lates lokin warliche · þ̵ nan ne mahe edwiten
ham{;} in hus ne ut of hus. On alle wise forbeoren to wreaðen
hare dame · ⁊ as ofte as heo hit doð{;} ear ha drinken oþer
eoten{;} makien [f. 116r] hare venie · o cneon {150} dun biuoren
hire ⁊ seggen · mea culpa · ⁊ underuon þe penitence þ̵ ha leið
up{}on hire lutinde hire lahe.

    heo ne schulen cussen nenne mon .* ne cuð{}mon ne cunes mo{n} .
    ne for nan cuððe cluppen* ne uor luue cluppen . ne kuð ne unkuð
    . ne wasshen hore heaued . ne loken ueste o none monne . ne
    toggen mid him{;} ne pleien. hore weaden beon of swuche scheape
    {125} ⁊ alle hore aturn swuch{;} þet hit beo eðcene hwarto heo
    beoð i{}turnde. hore lates loken warliche . þet non ne edwite
    ham ne ine huse ne ut of huse. on alle wise uorberen to wreððen
    hore dame . and ase ofte ase heo hit doð er heo drinken oðer
    eten . makien hore uenie akneon adun to þer eorðe biuoren hire :
    ⁊ sigge _mea culpa_ . and underuon {130} ðe penitence : ðet heo
    leið upon hire lutende hire louwe.

      [Linenote:
      122. _cuð_ corr. out of _enð_.]

        [Collations: 121. Lah lokinge | Lach locunge C || 122. Eiðer
        ligge ane _add._ || ho | ha C || schulen _om._ C || schule ||
        cusse B || na | nan C || cu{n}nes || 123. ni || na || ne uor
        ... unkuð _om._ B || 124. ne ... heaued _om._ | nene weschen
        hare C || Ni || loke B || faste || o na | on an C || mo{n} B ||
        125. toggle | toggi C || wið B || him _om._ B || pleiȝen C ||
        Hare B || wede | weden C || beo || swuch | swich C ||
        schape B || 126. al || ⁊ of swic aturn þ̵ `hit´ C || eðscene |
        edsene C || hwerto B || ho | ha C || beon B || 127. Hare B ||
        werliche C || nan B || etwite _over_ wite _del._ C || ne
        _om._ B || i{n} hus B || 128. hus || forbeoren B || wradðen |
        wraððen C || hare C || as B || 129. as B || ho | ha C || don ||
        ear || ho | ha C || eoten C || Maken C || hire B || o cneos |
        acneon C || 130. dun || to þer eorðe _om._ B || bifore |
        biforen C || segge{n} B || vnd{er} fo || 131a. penitance C ||
        ho | ha C || leis || ha{m} B || lutinde C || lahe | lachȝe C]

Þe ancre þrefter neauer mare þ̵ ilke gult ne upbreide for na
wreaððe · bute ȝef ha eft sone falle i þ̵ ilke · ah do hit
allunge ut of hire heorte. Ȝef ei strif ariseð bitweone þe
wummen{;} þe ancre makie eiðer to makien oþer venie o cneon to
þer {155} eorðe · ⁊ eiðer rihte up oþer{;} ⁊ cussen on ende ·
ant te ancre legge on eiðer{;} sum penitence · mare up o þe ilke
þe greatluker gulte. Þis is a þing witen ha wel þ̵ is gode
leouest{;} Sahtnesse ⁊ some · ⁊ te feond laðest · for{}þi he is
eauer umben to arearen sum leaððe.

    þe ancre neu{er} more þer efter þene ilke gult ne upb[r]eide
    hire : uor none wreððe . bute ȝif heo eft sone ualle iðet ilke .
    auh do hit allunge ut of hire heorte. and ȝif eni strif ariseð
    bitweonen ðe wu{m}men{;} ðe ancre makie eiðer of ha{m} to makien
    oðer venie akneon to ðer eorðe . and {135} eiðer rihte up oðer :
    ⁊ kussen ha{m} on ende . and þe ancre legge on eiðer su{m}
    penitence. More upon þeo ilke : ðet gretluker haueð agult. þis is
    o þing wute `ȝe´ [f. 119r] wel to soðe ðet is gode leouest{;}
    seih[t]nesse ⁊ some. ⁊ þe ueonde loðest. and for{}þi he is
    eu{er} umbe to arearen sume wreððe.

      [Linenote:
      138. _ȝe_ added in margin.]

        [Collations: 131b. anker || 132. þilke gult neau{er} mare þr
        aft{er} | þer efter neau{er} mare þilke gult C || hire
        _om._ B || for B || na | nan C || 133. wraððe B || ȝef C ||
        ho | ha C || sones falle B || i þat ilke | i þilke C || Ah |
        Ach C || 134. and _om._ B || ȝef C || ani B || rises ||
        bitwene{n} ham utewið{;} | bitwene þe wi{m}men C || þe anker ||
        135. make B || of ham _om._ B || make B || þe oðer C ||
        o cneos | o cneon C || dun to þe | to þe C || 136. richte C ||
        cussen on B || te anker leie || 137. penitance C || Mare B ||
        up o þ̵ ilke | up on þilke C || þe C || greatluker || gulte B ||
        138. is _om._ C || a | an C || wite{n} B || ho | ha C || to soðe
        _om._ B || godd | god C || leuest || 139. sahtnesse |
        sachtnesse C || somentale || te feond | þe feont C || laðest B
        || and _om._ B || eau{er} umben B || 140a. reare | arere C ||
        su{m} laððe B]

Nu sið þe sweoke wel · þ̵ hwen fur is wel o brune{;} ⁊ me wule
þ̵ hit aga{;} {160} me sundreð þe brondes · ⁊ he deð {n}ond þ̵
ilke. luue is ih{es}u c{ri}stes fur · þ̵ he wule þ̵ bleasie aa i
þin heorte · ant te deouel blaweð forte puffen hit ut. Hwen his
blawunge ne geineð nawt · he bringeð up sum uuel word · oðer sum
oþer nohtunge · hwer þurh ha to hurten eiðer fro{m}mard oþer · ⁊
te hali gastes fuR cwencheð hwen þe {165} brondes þurh wreaððe
beoð isundret. forþi halden ham i luue feaste to gederes · Ant
ne beo ha{m} nawt of hwen þe feond blawe · nomeliche ȝef monie
beon iueietsomet{;} ⁊ wel wið luue ontende.

  [Linenote:
  161. _hond_ MS.]

    nu isihð ðe deouel wel ðet hwon þet fur {140} is wel o brune . ⁊
    me wule ðet hit go ut : me sundreð ðe brondes . and he deð `also´
    onond þet ilke. luue is ih{es}u cristes fur þet he wule ðet
    blasie i{n} vre heorte . and þe deouel bloweð forto puffen hit
    ut . and hwon his blowinge ne geineð nout : þeonne bringeð he up
    su{m} luðer word . oðer su{m} oþer nouhtunge : hwar þuruh heo to
    hurteð eiðer {145} uro{m}mard oðer{;} and þe holi gostes fur{;}
    acwencheð hwon ðe brondes þuruh wreððe{;} beoð i{}sundred. and
    for{}þi holden ha{m} ine luue ueste to{}gederes . and ne beo
    ha{m} nout of{;} hwon ðe ueond blowe . and nomeliche ȝif monie
    beoð i ueied somed{;} and wel mid luue ontende.

        [Collations: 140b. seos | sið C || te swike | þe sweoke C ||
        hwe{n} fur B || 141. onbrune C || mo{n} wile || Ga B || mon
        sundres te || brendes C || 142. dos hond to þ̵ ilke | deð þ̵
        ilke C || fuir || wile || 143. owre || te || blawes | blaweð C
        || 144. and _om._ B || hwe{n} B || blast | blawunge C || Geines
        || nawt | naut C || þeonne _om._ B || he bringes | he bringeð C
        || 145. luðer _om._ || hwat | nochtunge C || hwer B || þurh |
        þurch C || ho | ha C || hurren B || 146. framward |
        fro{m}mart C || te || hali gastes B || cwenches | cwencheð C ||
        hwe{n} || 147. þurh | þurch C || wraððe B || beo{n} isundret ||
        and _om._ B || halde | halden C || iluue | inluue C || faste |
        feste C || 148. nawt | naut C || hwe{n} B || feo{n}d | feont C
        || blawe B || and _om._ B || 149. nomeli || ȝef C || beon B ||
        ifest to Gedere || iueiȝet somet C || wel _om._ || wið B ||
        ontendet]

Þah þe ancre on hire meidnes for openliche gultes legge
penitence{;} to þe preost noðeleater schriuen ham hwen neod is ·
ah eauer þah wið leaue. Ȝef ha {170} ne cunnen nawt þe mete
g{ra}ceS · seggen in hare stude{;} p{ate}r n{oste}r biuoren{;} ⁊
aue Maria · ⁊ eft{er} mete alswa · ant a Credo mare · ⁊ segge
þ{us} on ende · feader · Sune · hali gast al mihti godd · ȝeoue
ure dame his g{ra}ce · [f. 116v] se lengre se mare · ⁊ leue hire
⁊ us ba neomen god ende · for{}ȝelde alle þe us god doð · ⁊
milci hare sawle þe us god {175} idon habbeð · hare sawle ⁊ alle
cristene sawleS.

    Þauh ðe ancre on hire meidenes uor openliche gultes . legge
    penitence {150} neu{er} ðe later to ðe preoste schriuen ha{m}
    ofte . auh eu{er} þauh mid leaue. and ȝif heo ne kunnen nout ðe
    mete graces : siggen i{n} hore stude{;} p{ate}r . n{oste}r . ⁊
    aue maria biuoren mete . and efter mete also . ⁊ credo moare .
    and siggen þus on ende . veder ⁊ sune ⁊ holi gost . ⁊ on almihti
    god{;} he ȝiue ure dame his grace{;} so lengre so more . {155} ⁊
    leue hire ⁊ us boðe nimen god endinge . ⁊ forȝelde alle ðet us
    god doð . ⁊ milce hore soulen : þet us god i don habbeð . hore
    soulen ⁊ alle cristene soulen. am{en}.

        [Collations: 150. Þah | þach C || þe _om._ || anker || seruanz
        || for B || Giltes || leie || penitance C || 151. to p{re}ost
        no ðe lat{er}e | to þe preost no ðe latere C || Ah | Ach C ||
        eau{er} B || þah | þach C || wið B || 152. and _om._ B || ȝef C
        || ho | ha C || cunen noht | cunne naut C || te || seggen B ||
        hare C || 153. studen C || Pat{er} n{oste}r biforen | p{ate}r
        n{oste}r biuoren C || maria. Aft{er} mete alswa | marie.
        eft{er} mete alse C || 154. a crede C || mare B || seggen |
        segge C || fader sune B || ⁊ _om._ || hali gast B ||
        155. ⁊ _om._ B || an B || almichtin C || godd || he _om._ B ||
        ȝeoue C || lauedi || se B || se mare B || 156. baðe | ba C ||
        nime | neome C || ende B || ⁊ _om._ B || þe C || 157. don ||
        heore C || sawle | saule C || ⁊ þ̵ us | þe us C || haue{n} ||
        hore soulen _om._ C || sawle || 158a. sawle | saule C || am{en}
        _om._ B]

+B+itweone mel ne gruchesi ȝe nawt · nowðer frut ne oðerhwet{;}
ne drinken bute leaue . ⁊ te leaue beo liht in al þ̵ nis sunne.
Ed te mete na word · oðer lut{;} ⁊ teo stille. Alswa efter þe
ancre complie · aþet p{ri}me · ne don na þing ne seggen{;}
hweR{}þurh hire silence mahe {180} beon isturbet.

  [Linenote:
  177. _gruchesi_] _ch_ on an erasure.]

    Bitweonen mele ne gruselie ȝe nout . nouðer frut{;} `ne´
    oðerhwat . ne `ne´ drinken wið{}uten leaue . [f. 119v] auh þe
    leaue beo liht i{n} alle þeo þinges{;} þer nis sunne. Ette mete
    {160} no word . oðer lut . ⁊ þeo beon stille. also efter ðe
    ancre cu{m}plie uort midmorwen . ne don no þing . ne ne siggen .
    hwar þuruh hire silence muwe beon i{}sturbed.

        [Collations: 158b. Bitwene B || meal | mel C || gruse | gruuesi
        C || ȝe _om._ C || nawt | naut C || 159. nowðer | nouðer C ||
        fruit || oðer hwet C || ni | ne C || drinke || bute B || 160. ⁊
        te | ⁊ þe C || licht C || al þ̵ nis B || At te | ed þe C || na |
        nan C || 161. ⁊ ta stille | ⁊ þeo stille C || Alswa B || aft{er}
        ancres B || aðet p{ri}me | oðet prime C || 162. ni do þi{n}g ne
        segge | ne don nan þing ne seggen C || hwer þurh | hwar þurch C
        || 163a. muhe | muȝe C || beo dest{ur}bet | beon to sturbed C]

+N+an ancre seruant ne ahte bi rihte to easkin iset hure · bute
mete ⁊ hure þ̵ ha mei flutte bi{;} ant godes milce. Ne mis{}leue
nan godd{;} hwet{}se tide of þe ancre · þ̵ he hire trukie. þe
meidnes wið{}uten ȝef ha seruið þe ancre alswa as ha ahen · hare
hure schal beon þe hehe blisse of heouene. Hwa{}se haueð ehe of
hope toward {185} se heh bure{;} gleadliche wule ha seruui ⁊
lihtliche alle wa · ⁊ alle teone þolien. wið eise ⁊ wið este ne
buð me nawt bliSSe.

    non ancre seruant ne ouhte mid rihte uorto asken i{}sette
    huire{;} bute mete ⁊ cloð : þet heo mei vlutten bi . ⁊ godes
    milce. ne mis{}leue no{n} god{;} hwat so bitide of ðe ancre :
    {165} þet he hire trukie. Þe meidenes wið{}uten ȝif heo serueð
    ðe ancre also ase heo owen{;} hore hure schal beon ðe eche
    blisse of heouene. hwo{}so haueð eie hope touward so heie hure :
    gledliche wule heo seruen ⁊ lihtliche alle wo and alle teone
    þolien. Mid eise ne mid este{;} ne kumeð me nout toþer heouene.
    {170}

        [Collations: 163b. Nan B || ancres seruante || ah | achte C ||
        bi B || 164. richte C || to B || iset hure B || ant C || clað B
        || ho | ha C || mai || flutte B || 165. nan B || godd || hwet C
        || se tide B || anker || 166. _over_ trukie faile C || þeo þ̵
        arn wið{}ute{n} || meidnes C || ȝef C || ho | ha C || serue{n} |
        seruið C || anker || 167. alswa as B || hom ahen | ha achȝen C
        || hare C || beo || 168. Hwa se B || haues || ehe of | eȝe of C
        || toward | towart C || se B || heh | hech C || gladli wile ||
        ho | ha C || seruin C || 169. lichtliche C || wa B || tene ||
        wið B || este ne C || wið B || eise C || 170. bueð mon nawt
        blisse | buð me naut blisse C]


++Ȝe ancres ahen þis leaste stucche reden to ower wummen euche
wike eanes · aþet ha hit cunnen. Ant muche neod is þ̵ ȝe neomen
to ham muche ȝeme · for ȝe mahen muchel beon þurh ham i{}godet ·
⁊ {190} iwurset. On oðer half ȝef þet ha sungið þurh ower
ȝemeles{;} ȝe schule beo bicleopet þrof biuore þe hehe deme · ⁊
for{}þi as ow is muche neod · ⁊ ham ȝet mare{;} ȝeornliche
leareð ham to halden hare riwle · ba for ow ⁊ for ham seolf{;}
liðeliche ⁊ luueliche · for swuch ah wummone lare to beonne ·
luuelich ⁊ liðe · ⁊ selthwenne sturne.


    ++Ȝe ancren owen þis lutle laste stucchen reden to our wu{m}men
    eu{er}iche wike enes uort ðet heo hit kunnen. and muche neod is
    ou beoðe : ðet ȝe nimen to ha{m} gode ȝeme . vor ȝe muwen muchel
    þuruh ha{m} beon i{}goded. and i{}wursed on oðer halue. ȝif heo
    sunegeð þuruh ower ȝemeleaste{;} ȝe schulen beon bicleoped
    þer{}of biuoren þe {175} heie demare . and for{}þi ase ou is
    muche neod . ⁊ ha{m} is ȝete more{;} ȝeorneliche techeð ha{m} to
    holden hore riulen . boðe uor ou : ⁊ for ha{m} suluen . liðeliche
    þauh ⁊ luueliche{;} uor swuch ouh wu{m}mone lore to beon .
    luuelich and liðe and seldwhonne sturne.

      [Linenote:
      173. After _gode ḍẹ_ MS.]

        [Collations: 171. ancres B || ahen | achȝe C || laste lutle B ||
        stucche | stuche C || rede || owre | ower C || seruanz ||
        172. euche | uche C || eanes B || til þ̵ ho | oðet `til´ ha C ||
        cunne{n} B || ned || is þ̵ ȝe B || 173. neomen C || to ham nimen
        || god || muche C || for B || muhen | mughe C || muchel _om._ C
        || muche || þurh B || 174. hom beo || igodet B || wursnet. |
        iwurset. C || On B || half B || ȝef C || ho | ha C || suneheþ |
        sungeð C || 175. þurh | þurch C || owre || ȝemeles |
        ȝemeles`chipe´ C || schule beo bicleopet || þrof | þref C ||
        bifore | biforen C || 176. hehe | hechȝe C || deme | dom C ||
        and _om._ B || as B || ow B || ned || hom | heom C || is
        _om._ B || ȝette | ȝet C || mare B || 177. ȝeornliche || leares
        | leareð C || halde{n} hare B || riwle | riuwlen C || baðe |
        ba`þe´ C || for ow B || 178. seolf B || þauh _om._ B ||
        luuelice C || for B || swich C || ah | ach C || wu{m}mones
        lare B || of religiun _add._ || 179a. _second_ and _om._ C ||
        seldscene | selthwenne C]

Ba is riht þ̵ ha {195} ow dreden ⁊ luuien · ant þah þ̵ ter beo
eauer mare of luue{;} þen of drede · þenne schal hit wel fearen
· Me schal healden eoli ⁊ win ba i wunden efter godes lare · ah
mare of softe eoli{;} þen of [f. 117r] bitinde win . þ̵ is Mare
of liðe wordes{;} þen of suhinde · for þer of kimeð þinge
best{;} þ̵ is luue eie. lihtliche ⁊ sweteliche foRȝeoued {200}
ham hare gultes · hwen ha ham icnaweð ⁊ bihateð bote.

    Boðe hit is riht þet heo ou [f. 120r] dreden ⁊ luuien . auh þet
    ðer beo . more eu{er} {180} of luue : þen of drede. þeonne schal
    hit wel uaren. Me schal helden eoli and win beoðe i{}ne wunden,
    efter godere lore . auh more of þe softe eolie{;} þen of þe
    bitinde wine . þet is . more of liðe wordes : þen of suwinde .
    vor þerof kumeð þinge best{;} þet is luue{}eie. lihtliche ⁊
    sweteliche uorȝiueð ha{m} hore gultes : hwon heo ha{m} iknoweð
    and {185} bihoteð bote.

      [Collations: 179b. Baðe | ba`þe´ C || hit _om._ B || richt C ||
      180. ho | he _corr. out of_ ha C || ow B || ah | ach C || ter ||
      eau{er} mare | mare eau{er} C || 181. of þe || þe{n}ne B ||
      fare{n} B || Mo{n} || heolde || 182. baðe | ba C || i{n} B ||
      wundes | wundesi _erasure of two letters_ C || aft{er} || godes
      lare B || Ah | Ach C || mare B || þe _om._ B || 183. eoli B ||
      þenne C || þe _om._ B || bitende || win B || ma | ma`re´ C ||
      þenne C || 184. suhiende | sturne C || for B || cumes | kimeð C
      || Lichtliche C || 185. swetelich || for ȝiues | forȝeoueð C ||
      hare C || hwen B || ho | ha C || arn cnawe | icnaweð C ||
      186. bihaten | bihateð]

+A+se forð as ȝe mahen of mete ⁊ of claðes · ⁊ of oþre þinges
þet neode of flesch easkeð{;} beoð large toward ham{;} þah ȝe
nearowe beon ⁊ hearde to ow seoluen. Swa deð þe wel blaweð{;}
went te nearewe of þe horn to his ahne muð{;} ant utward þ̵
wide. Ant ȝe don alswa as ȝe wulleð þ̵ {205} ower beoden bemin
wel ⁊ dremen{;} i drihtines earen · nawt ane to ower ahnes{;} ah
to alle folkes heale · as ure lau{er}d leue þurh þe g{ra}ce of
him seolf þ̵ hit swa mote ameN.


    ++Se uorð ase ȝe muwen of drunch and of mete and of cloð and of
    oðer þinges þet neode of fleshe askeð : beoð large touward ha{m} :
    þauh ȝe ðe neruwure beon and te herdure to ou suluen . vor so
    deð þe wel bloweð . went þene neruwure ende of þe horne to his
    owune {190} muðe . ⁊ utward þene wide. and ȝe don also . ase ȝe
    wulleð þet ower beoden bemen ⁊ dreamen wel : ine drihtenes earen
    . and nout one to ower ones{;} auh to alle uolkes heale . ase
    ure lou{er}d leue þuruh ðe grace of hi{m}sulf . þet hit so mote
    beon. am{en}.

        [Collations: 187. Ase | Alse C || forð as B || muhen | muȝen C
        || baðe _add._ || drinch || of drunch and _om._ C || and _after_
        mete _om._ || claðes B || 188. oðre C || þi{n}g || ned || flesch
        | fles C || askes || beos || toward B || 189. þah | þach C || ðe
        _om._ B || narewe beon ⁊ harde to ow seolue{n} B || vor _om._ ||
        `for´ C || Swa | swa C || dos || 190. þ̵ || blawes | blaweð C ||
        wendes || te | þe C || narewe || ende _om._ || `ende´ C || horn
        B || toward || ahne | achne C || 191. muð B || te | þe C || do
        alswa as B || wiln | wull{et} C || owre beodes || 192. beme{n}
        wel ⁊ B || i drihtines | i{n} drichtines C || eare || and _om._
        B || Nawt | naut C || ane B || 193. owre || anres | a`u´nes C ||
        Ah | ach C || folkes B || as B || lau{er}d B || þurh | þurch C
        || 194. hi{m}self | him seolf C || swa mote B || beon. am{en}
        _om._ B]

        [[191. wull{et} C _corrected in Notes from “wull”_]]

  [[This section has no parallel in the Cotton MSS.]]

+H+wen ower sustres meidnes cumeð to ow to froure{;} cumeð to
ham to þe þurl{;} earunder ⁊ ouerunder · eanes oðer twien · ⁊
gað aȝein sone{;} to ower note gastelich · {210} ne biuore
Complie ne sitte ȝe nawt for ham ouer riht time · swa þ̵ hare
cume beo na lure of ower religiun{;} ah gastelich biȝete. ȝef
þer is eani word iseid þ̵ mahte hurten heorte{;} ne beo hit nawt
iboren ut{;} ne ibroht to oþer ancre{;} þ̵ is eð hurte. To him
hit schal beon iseid{;} þe lokeð ham alle. Twa niht is inoh þ̵
ei beo edhalden · ant þ̵ beo {215} ful seldene · ne for heom ne
breoke silence ed te mete{;} ne for blodletunge · bute ȝef sum
muche god oðer neod hit makie. Þe ancre ne hire meiden ne
plohien `nane´ worldliche gomenes ed te þurle · ne ne ticki
to{}gederes · foR ase seið seint Beornard. vnwurðe þing is to
euch gastelich mon · ⁊ nomeliche to ancre{;} euch swuch
fleschlich {220} froure · ⁊ hit binimeð gastelich þ̵ is wið{}ute
met utnume murhðe · ⁊ þ̵ is uuel change as is iseid þruppe.

  [Linenote:
  191. _ȝef_ above _þurh_ deleted.]

  [[This section has no parallel in the Cotton MSS.]]


++Of þis boc redeð hwen ȝe beoð eise euche dei{;} leasse oðer
mare. Jch hopie þ̵ hit [f. 117v] schal beon ow ȝef ȝe hit redeð
ofte{;} swiðe biheue{;} þurh godes muchele grace · elles ich
hefde uuele bitohe {225} mi muchele hwile. Me were leou{er}e
godd hit wite do me toward rome{;} þen forte biginnen hit eft
forte donne. Ȝef ȝe findeð þ̵ ȝe doð alswa as ȝe redeð{;}
þonckið godd ȝeorne · ȝef ȝe ne doð nawt{;} biddeð godes are ·
⁊ beoð umben þeronuuen þ̵ ȝe hit bet halden efter ower mihte. {230}

  [Linenote:
  225. _godes_] _d_ corr. out of _g_ MS.]


    ++O þisse boc redeð eu{er}iche deie : hwon ȝe beoð eise .
    eu{er}iche deie {195} lesse oðer more. uor ich hopie þet hit
    schal beon ou ȝif ȝe hit redeð ofte : swuðe biheue þuruh godes
    grace . and elles ich heuede vuele bitowen muchel of mine hwule.
    God hit wot me were leouere uorto don me touward rome{;} þen
    uorto biginnen hit eft forto donne. and ȝif ȝe iuindeð þet ȝe
    doð also ase ȝe redeð{;} þonkeð god ȝeorne . {200} and ȝif ȝe ne
    doð nout{;} biddeð godes ore . [f. 120v] and beoð umbe þer
    abuten : þet ȝe hit bet hol holden : efter ower mihte.

        [Collations: 195. Of C || þis B || redes || eu{er}iche deie
        _om._ B || hwe{n} B || arn || aise C || euche dai | uchedei C
        || 196. mare B || uor _om._ B || þet _om._ || ow B || ȝef C ||
        197. hit _add._ B || reden || swiðe B || biheoue || þurh B ||
        `godes´ C || and _om._ B || hafde | hefde C || 198. bitohen |
        bitochȝen uuele C || muche hwile B || God ... wot _om._ B ||
        leu{er}e | leoure C || deu le set _add._ B || 199. to do B ||
        toward | towart C || for to | for te C || 200. and _om._ B ||
        ȝef C || finde{n} | findeð C || don alswa as B || rede{n}.
        þonkes godd || 201. and _om._ B || ȝef C || don || nawt |
        naut C || biddes godd || are B || beos || umbe{n} B ||
        202a. þer onuuen | þer an ouen C || hit bett{er}e halde{n} |
        hit halden C || aft{er} owre mihte | eft{er} ower michte C]


++Feader · Sune · hali gast · an almihti godd wite ow in hiS
warde · he gleadie ow ⁊ frouri ow mine leoue sustren · ant for
al þ̵ ȝe for him dreheð ⁊ dreaieð · ne ȝeoue ow neauer leasse ·
þen al{}to{}gedere him seoluen · Beo he aa iheiet from world
in{}to worlde aa on ecnesse · AMeN.

    Veder and sune and holi gost . and on almihti god : he wite ou in
    his warde. he gledie ou and froure ou{;} mine leoue sustren. and
    for al þet ȝe uor him drieð and suffreð . he ne ȝiue ou neu{er}
    lesse huire þen {205} alto gedere him suluen. he beo eu{er}
    i{}heid from worlde to worlde . eu{er} on ecchenesse. amen.

        [Collations: 202b. Fad{er} sune. haligast an B || 203. almichti
        C || godd || he _om._ B || ow B || 204. gladie || ow B || frouri
        C || ow B || leue sustre || 205. for B || drehen oðer drehden |
        dreȝeð ⁊ dreiȝeð C || he _om._ B || ni ȝiue | Ne ȝeoue C || ow B
        || neau{er} B || lasse || hure C || 206. selue{n} | seoluen C ||
        Beo he B || ai ihehet | eau{er} ihechȝet C || fra{m} || into B
        || 207. a on ecnesse | `a on echnesse´ C]

+A+se ofte aS ȝe habbeð ired eawiht her on{;} greteð þe
leafdi {235} wið aN aue{;} for him þ̵ swonc her{}abuten · Jnoh
meaðful ich am þe bidde se lutel · ¶ Explicit · +J+þench o þi
writere i{}þine beoden sum chearre{;} ne beo hit ne se lutel.
Hit turneð þe to gode{;} þ̵ tu bidest for oþre.

    ase ofte ase ȝe readeð out o þisse boc{;} greteð þe lefdi mid
    one aue marie uor him ðet makede þeos riwle . and for hi{m} þet
    hire wrot and swonc her abuten. Inouh meðful ich am{;} þet bidde
    so lutel. {210}

        [Collations: 208. As C | as B || hauen red | habbeð ired C ||
        oht o þis boc | eawet þron C || Gretes ure || lauedi | lafdi C
        || wið an B || 209. marie _om._ B || for B || þ̵ swanc her
        abute{n}. | þe swong her abute{n}. C || 210. Inouh ... lutel
        _om._ || `Jnoh meðful ic am þe bidde se lutel´ C]



X. IN DIEBUS DOMINICIS

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Lambeth 487: see [VIII, Poema Morale].”]]


[[The selection was printed in a single paragraph. It has been broken
up for this e-text.]]

[Headnote: The Privileges of Sunday]

[f. 15v] [++L]EOFEMEN ȝef ȝe lusten wuleð. ⁊ ȝe willeliche hit
under{}stonden we eow wulleð [f. 16r] suteliche seggen of þa
fredome þe limpeð to þan deie þe is iclepeð sunedei. Sunedei is
ihaten þes lauerdes dei ⁊ ec þe dei of blisse ⁊ of lisse ⁊ of
alle irest. On þon deie þa engles of heofene ham iblissieð. {5}
forði þe þa ermi{n}g saulen habbeð rest of heore pine. Gif hwa
wule witen hwa erest bi won reste þam wrecche saule to soþe ic
eow segge. þet wes s{an}c{t}e paul þe apostel and mihhal þe
archangel heo tweien eoden et sume time in{}to helle alswa
heo{m} drihten het for to lokien hu hit þer ferde. Mihhal eode
bi{}foren ⁊ paul co{m} efter ⁊ þa {10} scawede mihhal to
s{an}c{t}e paul þa wrecche sunfulle þe þer were wuniende [.]
þer{}efter he him sceawede heȝe treon eisliche beorninde et
foren helle ȝete. and uppon þan treon he him sceawede þe wrecche
saulen a{}honge. Su{m}me bi þa fet. su{m}me bi þa honden.
su{m}me bi þe tunge. su{m}me bi þe eȝen. su{m}me bi þe hefede.
su{m}me bi þer {15} heorte.

    [Linenotes:
    4. In MS. _su sunedei_. || 11. _sunfulle wrecche_ with marks of
    transposition in MS.]

Seodðan he him sceaude an ouen on berni{n}de fure he warp ut of
him seofe leies uwil[c]an of seolcuðre heowe þe alle weren
eateliche to bi{}haldene ⁊ muchele strengre þen eani þ{in}g to
þolien. ⁊ þer wið{}i{n}nen weren swiðe feole saule a{}honge.
Ȝette he him sceawede ane welle of fure ⁊ alle hire stremes
urnen fur berni{n}de. ⁊ þa {20} welle bi{}wisten .xii. meister
[f. 16v] deoflen swilc ha weren kinges to pinen þer wiðinnen þa
earmi{n}g saulen þe for{}gult weren; ⁊ heore aȝene pine neure
nere þe lesse þah heo meistres weren. Eft{er} þon he him
sceawede þe sea of helle ⁊ i{n}nan þan sea weren .vii. bittere
uþe. þe forme wes snau . þat oðer is. þet þridde fur. þet feorðe
blod. þe {25} fifte neddren. þe siste smorðer. þe seofeþe ful
stunch. heo wes wurse to þolien þenne efreni of alle þa oðre
pine.

    [Linenotes:
    18. _þing_] _þurg_ MS. || 25. _snau_] _swnau_ MS.]

Innan þan ilke sea weren un{}aneo{m}ned deor su{m}me feðer
fotetd. Su{m}me al bute fet . ⁊ heore eȝen weren al swilc swa
fur. ⁊ heore eþem scean swa deð þe leit a{}monge þunre. þas ilke
nefre ne swiken ne dei ne niht to {30} brekene þa ermi{n}g
licome of þa ilca men þe on þisse liue her hare sc{ri}ft enden
nalden. Su{m}me of þan mo{n}ne sare wepeð. Su{m}me swa deor lude
remeð. su{m}me þer g{ra}ninde sikeð. su{m}me þer reowliche
gneȝeð his aȝene{}tunge. Su{m}me þer wepeð. ⁊ alle heore teres
beoð berni{n}de gleden glide{n}de ouer heore aȝene nebbe. ⁊
swiðe reowliche {35} ilome ȝeiȝeð ⁊ ȝeorne bisecheð þat me ham
ibureȝe fro{m} þam uuele pinan [.] of þas pinan speked .d{aui}d.
þe halie witeȝe. ⁊ þus seið. +Misere`re´ nost{ri} d{omi}ne quia
penas inferni sustinere no{n} possumus.+ Lauerd haue merci of us
forðon þa pinen of helle we ham ne maȝen iðolien.

[f. 17r] Seoð{}þan he him sceawede an{e} stude {40}
i{n}ne{}midde warðe helle. ⁊ bi{}foren þam ilke stude were{n}
seofen clusterlokan þar neh ne mihte nan liuiende mon gan for
þan ufele breðe ⁊ þer wið{}i{n}na he him sceawede gan `on´ ald
mon þ̵ .iiii. deoflen ledden abuten. þa escade paul to mihhal
hwet þe alde mo{n} were. þa cweð mihhal heh engel he wes an
biscop on eoðre liue þe nefre {45} nalde c{ri}stes laȝen lokien
ne halden. ofter he walde an{}uppon his underlinges mid wohe
motien ⁊ longe dringan þenne he walde salmes singen oðer eani
oðer god don. Herefter iseh paul hwer .iii. deoflen ledden an
meiden swiðe unbisorȝeliche{;} `⁊´ ȝeorne escade to mihhal hwi
me heo swa ledde. þa cweð mihhal. heo wes an meiden on oðer
liue {50} þ̵ wel wiste hire licome in alle clenesse. Ah heo
nalde nefre nan oðer god don. Elmesȝeorn nes heo nefre. ah prud
heo wes swiðe ⁊ modi. ⁊ liȝere ⁊ swikel. ⁊ wreðful ⁊ ontful. ⁊
forði heo bið wuniende inne þisse pine.

    [Linenotes:
    40. _ane_] _and_ MS. || 46. _wụalde_ MS. || 53. _wẹreðful_ MS.]

Nu bi{}gon paul to wepen wunderliche. ⁊ mihhal heh engel þer
weop forð mid him. þa co{m} ure drihten of heueneriche to {55}
heo{m} on {þ}unres liche ⁊ þus cweð. A hwi wepest þu paul. paul
him onswerde. Lauerð ic biwepe þas monifolde pine þe ic her in
helle iseo. þa cweð ure lauerd. A hwi nalden heo witen mine
[f. 17v] laȝe þe hwile heo weren en eorðe? þa seide paul him
mildeliche to{}ȝeines. Louerd nu ic bidde þe ȝef þin wille is þ̵
þu heom ȝefe {60} reste la hwure þen su{n}ne dei a þet cume
domesdei. þa cweð drihten to him. paul wel ic wat hwer ic{}sceal
milcien. Ic heom wulle{}milcien þe weren eft{er}ward mine milce
þa hwile heo on liue weren.

    [Linenote:
    56. _þunres_] _wunres_ MS.]

þa wes s{an}c{t}e paul swiðe wa. ⁊ abeh him redliche to his
lauerdes fet ⁊ on halsien hine gon mid þas ilke weord þe ȝe
maȝen iheren. Lauerd {65} he cweð þa. Nu ic þe bidde for þine
kinedome ⁊ for þine engles. ⁊ for þine muchele milce. ⁊ for alle
þine weorkes. ⁊ for alle þine haleȝen. ⁊ ec þine icorene. þat þu
heom milcie þes þe redþer þ̵ ic to heo{m} com ⁊ reste ȝefe þen
sunne{}dei a þ̵ cume þin heh domes dei. þa onswerede him drihten
mildere steuene. Aris nu paul aris. Ic ha{m} {70} ȝeue reste al
swa þu ibeden hauest fro{m} non on sat{er}dei a þa cume monedeis
lihting. þ̵ efre forð to domes dei. Nu leofe breðre ȝe habbeð
iherð hwa erest bi won reste þa{m} forgulte saule. Nu
bi{}cum`e´ð hit þerfore to uwilche c{ri}stene monne mucheles þe
mare to haliȝen ⁊ to wurðien þe{n}ne dei þe is icleped
sunne{}dei. for of þam deie ure {75} lauerd seolf seið.

+Dies d{omi}nicus est dies leticie ⁊ requiei.+ [f. 18r]
Sunne{}dei is dei of blisse ⁊ of alle ireste. +Non facietur in
ea aliquid nisi deum orare manducare ⁊ bibere cu{m} pace et
leticia.+ Ne beo in hire naþing iwrat bute chirche bisocnie ⁊
beode to criste ⁊ eoten ⁊ dri{n}ken mid griðe ⁊ mid {80}
gledscipe. +Sicut dici{tur}. pax in t{er}ra. pax in celo. pax
int{er} homines.+ for swa is iset. grið on eorðe. ⁊ grið on
hefene. ⁊ grið bitwenen uwilc c{ri}stene mo{n}ne. eft ure lauerd
seolf seit. +Maledictus h{om}o qui no{n} custodit sabatum.+
Amansed beo þe mon þe sunne{}dei nulle iloken. And for{}þi
leofemen uw`i´lc {85} sunne dei is to locan al swa ester dei for
heo is muneȝing of his halie ariste from deðe to liue. ⁊
muneȝeing of þam halie gast þe he sende in his apostles on þon
dei þe is icleped wit{}sunne{}dei. ec we understondeð þ̵ on
sunne{}dei drihten cumeð to demene al mon{}cun; we aȝen þene
sunne{}dei swiþeliche wel to wurþien. {90} ⁊ on alle clenesse to
locan.

for heo hafð mid hire þreo wurdliche mihte þe ȝe iheren maȝen.
ðet forme mihte is þ̵ heo on eorðe `ȝeueð reste to alle eorðe´
þrelles wepmen ⁊ wifmen of heore þrel{}weorkes. þet oðer mihte
is on heouene. for þi þa engles heo{m} rested mare þe{n}n on
su{m} oðer dei. þ̵ þridde mihte is þ̵ {þ}a {95} ermi{n}g saule
habbeð ireste i{n}ne helle [f. 18v] of heore muchele pine. Hwa
efre þenne ilokie wel þene sunne{}dei. oðer þa oðer halie daȝes
þe mon beot in chirche to lokien swa þe sunne{}dei. beo heo
dal{}neominde of heofene riches blisse{;} mid þan fedre. ⁊ mid
þan sunne. ⁊ mid þan halie gast abuten ende. ameN. {100} _Quod
ip{s}e prestare dignetur qui uiuit ⁊ regnat deus. p{er} om{ni}a
secula seculor{um}. AmeN._

    [Linenotes:
    93. _ȝeueð ... eorðe_ added on margin. || 94-5. _hem heō rested_
    MS. | _þa_] _þ̵a_ MS. || 99. _ferde_ MS.]



XI. HIC DICENDUM EST DE PROPHETA

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“As for piece x.” _Described under VIII, Poema Morale._]]


[[The selection was printed in a single paragraph. It has been broken
up for this e-text.]]

[++M]issus est ieremias in puteum ⁊ stetit ibi usq{ue} ad os.
Qui cu{m} aliqu{am}diu ibi stetisset{;} debilitatum est corp{us}
eius. ⁊ ta{n}dem dimissis funib{us} subtractus est. Et cu{m}
eor{um} duriciam. quia debilis erat sustinere no{n} posset.
allati sunt panni de domo regia ⁊ {5} circumpositi sunt
funib{us} ne [e]or{um} duricia lederetuR.+ Leofemen we uindeð in
halie boc. þ̵. ieremie þe p{ro}ph{et}e stod in ane putte. ⁊ þ̵
in þe uenne up to his muðe ⁊ þa he hefede þer ane hwile istonde.
þa bi{}co{m} his licome swiðe feble. ⁊ me nom rapes ⁊ caste i{n}
to hi{m} for to draȝen hine ut of þisse putte. {10} Ah his
licome wes se swiðe feble{;} þ̵ he ne mihte noht iþolie þe
herdnesse of þe rapes. þa sende me claðes ut of þes kinges huse
for to bi{}winden þe rapes. þ̵ his licome þe feble wes ne
sc`e´olde noht wursien. Leofemen þeos ilke weord þe ic habbe her
iseit habbeð muchele bi tacnu{n}ge [f. 19r] ⁊ god ha beoð to
heren and muchele {15} betere to et halden. Is hit god for to
hiheren godes weordes and heom athalden? ȝe fuliwis. for ure
lauerd godalmihtin seið in þan halie god spelle.

    [Linenotes:
    4. After _erat ṣṭ_ MS. || 10. _for_] _fro_ MS.]

+Beati qui audiunt uerbum dei ⁊ c{us}todiu{n}t ill{u}d+. Ædie ⁊
blessede beon alle þeo þe ihereð godes weordes ⁊ heom athaldeð.
Nu ȝe habbeð iherd wulc hit is for to iheren godes {20} weordes
⁊ heom ethalden. Nu we sculen heow sceawen hwilc hit is heo{m}
for to heren ⁊ nawiht for to ethalden. for seint gregori seið.
+Melius est uiam ueritatis non agnoscere{;} q{ua}m post agnitam
retroire.+ Betre hit is þ̵ mon ne iknawe noht þe wei to
godalmihtin þe he hine icnawe ⁊ seodðe hine for{}hoȝie{;} and on
oðer {25} stude he seið. +Qui obturat aures suas ne audiat legem
dei{;} orac{i}o eius erit exec{ra}bilis.+ Þe mon þe tuneð his
eren in halie chirche to{}ȝeines godes laȝe and nule noht iheren
þe weordes þe of him beoð. his beoden beoð aweriede ⁊ unwurðe
gode.

    [Linenote:
    28. _goḷdes_ MS.]

+Puteus est peccati p{ro}funditas. quia q{ua}m diu stas in
luto{;} tam diu {30} iaces in mortali peccato.+ Þes put bitacneð
deopnesse of sunne. for alse longe alse we liggeð in heueð
sunnen{;} al þa hwile we sto[n]deð in þe putte. ⁊ þ̵ in þe uenne
up to þe muðe al{}se þeos men doð þe liggeð inne eubruche ⁊ ine
glutenerie ⁊ ine manaðas. ⁊ ineprude. ⁊ ine oðre fule sunnen. ⁊
þ̵ beoð riche men [f. 19v] alremest {35} þe habbeð þas muchele
prude i{n} þis world. þe habbeð fe`i´re huses. ⁊ feire hames. ⁊
feire wifes. ⁊ feire children. feire hors ⁊ feire claþes.
heauekes ⁊ hundes. castles ⁊ tunes. her{}uppon heo þench`e´ð
muchele mare þen uppo{n} godalmihtin þe al þis heom haueð isend
þa þe liggeð i{n}ne swilc sunne. ⁊ ne þencheð noht for to
arisen{;} heo delueð {40} deihwamliche heore put deoppre ⁊
deoppre.

    [Linenote:
    34. _liggeð_] _i_ above _ẹ_ MS.]

+vnde p{ro}ph{et}a. No{n} claudit sup{er} te puteus os suu{m}
nisi clauseris os tuum.+ þe p{ro}ph{et}e seið. þ̵ þe put ne
tuneð noht lihtliche his muð ouer us bute we tunen ure muð. ah
ȝif we tuneð ure muð{;} þe{n}ne do {w}e alse þe mon þe delueð
ene put feower daȝe`s´ oðer fiue ⁊ þenne {45} he haueð hine alra
le{n}gest idoluen{;} þenne ualleð he þer{}inne. þ̵. him brekeð
þe sweore. þ̵. is þ̵ he ualleð in to helle pine þer neuer eft ne
cumeð of bote. Ah leofemen godalmihtin haueð isceaweð us wel
muchele g{ra}ce. þenne he haueð geuen us to beon mud freo. þ̵.
we maȝe{n} mid ure muðe bringen us ut of þisse putte{;} þe {50}
bitacneð þeo deopnesse of sunne. ⁊ þ̵ þurh þreo herde weies þe
þus beoð ihaten.

    [Linenotes:
    44. _we_] _þe_ MS. || 46. After _haueð_, _ạḷ_ MS. || 49. Before
    _grace_, _ḷụụẹ_ MS.]

+Cordis contricione. Oris confessione. Operis satisfactione.+
þurð heorte bireusunke . þurh muðes openunge. þurh dede wel
endinge. +Cordis cont{ri}tione morit{ur} peccatum.+
[f. 20r] +oris confessione defertur ad tumulum. op{er}is
satisfact{i}one {55} tumulatur in p{er}petuum.+ þe[nne] we beoð
sari in ure heorte þ̵ we isuneged habbeð þenne slage we ure
sunne; þene we to sunbote cumeð. þenne do we bi ure sunne al swa
me deað bi þe deade. for eft{er}þan þ̵ þe mon bið dead me leið
þene licome in þere þruh. Al swa þu leist þine sunne i{n} þare
þruh{;} hwenne þu {60} scrift underuongest of þe sunnen þe þu
idon hauest to{}ȝeines godes wille. þenne þu hauest þine
su{n}nen ibet{;} eft{er} þines scriftes wissunge. þenne buriest
þu þine su{n}nen and bringest heom ut of þine on walde.

+P{er} ieremiam notat{u}r quilibet peccator qui in suo peccato
moram facit.+ Bi ieremie þe p{ro}ph{et}e we aȝen to
understo{n}den {65} ulcne mon sunfulle. þ̵. lið i{n} heuie sunne
⁊ þurh soðe sc{ri}ft his sunbendes nule slakien. +funiculi
amaritudines penitencie significa{n}t.+ Þe rapes þe weren icast
to him{;} bitacneð þe herdnesse of scrifte. for nis nan of us se
strong þe hefde idon þre hef[ed] sunnen þ̵ his licome nere swiðe
feble er he hefde idreȝen þet {70} sc{ri}ft þe þer to bilimpeð.

+panni circu{m}positi funib{us}{;} eccl{es}ie sac{ra}menta
significant. quib{us} penitencie duricia mitigatur.+ þas kinges
hus bitacneð hali chirch[e. þa] claðes þ̵ weren isende ut of
þ[es kinges huse] for to binden þe rapes [f. 20v] mid{;}
bitacnet þe halie ureisuns þe me singeð in halie ch`i´rche. ⁊ þe
halie sac{ra}me{n}s {75} þe me sacreð in alesnesse of alla
sunfulle. Leofemen nu ȝe habbeð iherð of þis putte þe
bitacni{n}ge þe ic habbe embe ispeken. ⁊ þe bitacninge of þe
p{ro}ph{et}e. ⁊ þ̵. þe rapes bitacneð. ⁊ hwat þa claðes
bi{}tacneð þe þe rapes weren mide biwu{n}den. Ihereð nuðe
whulche þinges wunieð in þisse putte. þer wunieð fower
cunnes {80} wurmes inne. þ̵ fordoð nuðe al þeos midelerd. þer
wunieð in{}ne faȝe neddren. ⁊ beoreð atter u{n}der heore tunge.
Blake tadden ⁊ habbeð atter uppon `heore´ heorte. ȝeluwe
froggen. ⁊ crabben. Crabbe is an manere of fissce in þere sea.
þis fis is of swulc cunde. þ̵. euer se he mare strengðdeð him
to {85} sw[i]mminde mid þe watere{;} se he mare swi{m}með abac.
⁊ þe alde crabbe seide to þe ȝu{n}ge. hwi ne swi{m}mest þu forð
warð in þere sea alse oðer fisses doð `⁊´ heo seide. leofe moder
swim þu foren me ⁊ tech me hu ic scal swi{m}men forðward ⁊ [heo]
bi{}gon to swi{m}men forðward mid þe streme. ⁊ swam hire
þer{}aȝen. þas {90} faȝe neddre bitacneð þis faȝe folc þe wuneð
i{n} þisse weor`l´de. þe speket alse feire bi{}foren heore
eue{n}c{ri}sten`e´ [f. 21r] alse heo heom walde in to heore
bosme puten. ⁊ swa sone se hi beoð iturnd awey fro{m} heom{;}
heom to{}twiccheð ⁊ to{}draȝeð mid ufele weordes.

    [Linenotes:
    73, 74. MS. defective. || 75. Before _halie ureisuns_, _ạ_.]

+Hii eciam sunt doctores ⁊ falsi xp{isti}ani.+ Þos men þe
þus {95} to{}draȝeð heore euenc{ri}stene bi{}hinden heo habbeð
þe nome of c{ri}stene ah þah heo beoð c{ri}stes unwines ⁊ beoð
monslaȝen for heo slaȝeð heore aȝene saule. ⁊ bringeð heon in to
þare eche pine of helle. þos blaca tadden þ̵ habbeð þ̵ atter
uppon heore heorte. bi{}tacneð þes riche men þe habbeð þes
mucheles weorldes ehte ⁊ na {100} maȝen noht itimien þar{}of to
eten ne to drinken ne na god don þer{}of for þe luue of
godalmihtin þe haueð hit heom al geuen. ah liggeð þer{}uppon
alse þe tadde deð in þere eorðe þ̵ neure ne mei itimien to eten
hire fulle{;} swa heo is afered leste þeo eorðe hire trukie.
þeos ilke ehte þe þeos þus ouerliggeð heom turneð to swart {105}
atter for heo falleð þer{}þurh in to þer stronge pine þet na mon
ne mei tellen.

    [Linenote:
    103. _ḥeorðe_ MS.]

Þeos ȝeol`e´we [froggen bi{}tacneð þeos wimmen þe claþeð heom
mid ȝeoluwe] claþe. for þe ȝeolewe clað is þes deofles helfter.
þeos wi{m}men þe þus lu{m}eð beoð þes deofles musestoch
iclepede. for þenne þe mon wule tilden his musestoch he
bindeð {110} uppon þa swike chese ⁊ bret hine for þon þ̵ he
scolde swote smelle. and þurh þe [f. 21v] sweote smel of þe
chese{;} he bicherreð monie mus to þe stoke. Alswa doð monie of
þas wi{m}men heo smurieð heom mid blanchet þ̵ is þes deofles
sape ⁊ claþeð heom mid ȝeoluwe claþe þ̵ is þes deofles
helft{er}. ⁊ seodðan heo lokieð {115} in þe scawere. þ̵ is þes
deofles hindene. Þus heo doð for to feiren heom seoluen. ⁊ to
draȝen lechurs to ham. ah heo fuleð heom soluen þer{}mide. Nu
leofemen for godes lufe witeð how wið þes deofles musestoch ⁊
witeð eow þet ȝe ne beo noht þe foaȝe neddre. ne þe blake tadde.
ne þe ȝolewe frogge. þe feder. ⁊ þe sune. ⁊ þe {120} halie gast.
iscild us þer{}wið. ⁊ wið alle sunnen a buten e{n}de. _per
om{n}ia s{e}c{u}la s{e}c{u}lor{um}._ AmeN.

    [Linenotes:
    107. _þeos ȝeolowe claþes_ MS. || 108. _iṣ is_ MS. ||
    109. _lumeð_] _luuieð_ MS. || 111. _sclode_ MS.]



XII. SERMONS FOR PALM SUNDAY AND EASTER DAY

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Trinity College, Cambridge, B. 14. 52. See [VIII, Poema Morale].”]]

[[Each sermon was printed as a single paragraph. They have been broken
up for this e-text.]]


[Headnote: Quia Mitis Sum et Humilis Corde]

A. DOMINICA PALMARUM

[f. 42v] _++Turbe que p{re}cedebant d{omi}n{u}m. ⁊ que
sequebant{ur} clamaba{nt} dicentes. osanna filio d{aui}d{;}
b{e}n{e}dict{us} qui uenit i{n} no{m}i{n}e d{omi}ni._ It is
custume þ̵ ech chirchsocne goð þis dai ap{ro}ce`ssi´on. ⁊ þis
wune haueð þe biginnigge of þe holie p{ro}cession. þe ure
[f. 43r] helende makede {5} to{}ward te stede þer he wolde deð
þolen.

_+E+t cu{m} ueniss{et} bethfage ad monte{m} o{liuarum}. Mittens
[duos] de dis{cipulis} iussit adduci asina{m} ⁊ sedit sup{er}
eam_. Þo þe co{m} to bethfage Swo hatte þe þrop þe p{re}ste one
wunien. bi sides ier{usa}l{e}m on þe fot of þe dune þe men
clepen mu{n}t oliuete. þo sende tweien of hise diciples {10}
in{}to þe bureh of ier{usa}l{e}m. ⁊ bed hem bringen á wig one te
riden. noðer stede. ne palefrei. ne fair mule. ac þeh he [were]
alre lou{er}des lou{er}d. ⁊ alre kingene ki[n]g. naþeles he
sende aft{er} þe alre unwurþeste wig one to riden. ⁊ þ̵ is asse.
⁊ gaf us forbisne of admodnesse on his dede. alse he doð on oðre
stede on his speche þus {15} queðinde.

_+D+iscite a me{;} q{uia} mitis sum ⁊ humil{is} cord{e}._ lerneð
of me for þ̵ ich am milde ⁊ admod on herte. ⁊ þo tweien sander
bodes ferden ⁊ cudden in þe bureh. þ̵ þe helende was þider ward.
⁊ funden an asse mid fole. ⁊ ledden hit to{}genes him. ⁊ þe
holie apostles leiden he`re´ cloþes þer{}uppe ⁊ ure helende rod
þer{}one{;} {20} into þe holie burh. ⁊ þ̵ burh`folc´ hihten þe
hege strete ⁊ bihe{n}gen it mid palmes. ⁊ mid oðre riche wedes.
þer he wolde þurh{}faren to þe holi te{m}ple. ⁊ wenden ut
togenes him. ⁊ beren on here honde blostme sum palm twig. ⁊ sum
boh of oliue alse þe holie boc seið.

    [Linenote:
    21. _folc_ added in margin in different ink.]

_+O+ccurrunt turbe cu{m} florib{us} ⁊ palmis redemtori
o[b]uiam._ {25} _⁊c’._ Ðet [f. 43v] folc com to{}genes him.
mid{}blostmen. ⁊ mid{}palmes. ⁊ understoden him mid
p{ro}cession. swo me ki[n]g shal. ⁊ þo þe ferden biforen him. ⁊
ðo þe after him comen. remden lude stefne þus q{ue}ðinde.

_[+O+]sanna f{ilio} d{auid} b{enedictus} q{ui} u{enit} i{n}
n{omine} d{omini}._ Silof dauiðes bern blesced bie he þe cumeð a
godes name. {30} ⁊ þo children þe were{n} biforen diden alse þe
godspel seið.

_+P+ueri hebreor{um} v{estimenta} p{rosternebant} ⁊c’_ Þe
children briggeden þe wei biforen ure drihten. sume mid here
cloðes. ⁊ sume mid boges þe hie breken of þe trewes ⁊ swo him
brohten in{}to þe holie te{m}ple. alse in his heorðliche heg
settle. Þus makede ure helende his holie p{ro}cession. {35} fro
betfage to ier{usa}l{e}m. ⁊ elhc cristene man makeð þis dai
p{ro}cession fro chirche to chirche. ⁊ eft agen. ⁊ bitocneð þe
holie p{ro}cession þe he makede þis dai. ⁊ þ̵ mai ech man
understonden. þe wot wat bitocneð þese tweie names. betfage. ⁊
ier{usa}l{e}m.

_+B+etfage int{er}p{re}tat{ur} dom{us} bucce. {ue}l buccaru{m}
siue maxillar{um}. ⁊ signif{icat}_ {40} _eccl{es}ia{m} in q{ua}
bucce fungu{n}t{ur} off{ici}o suo pecc{at}a {con}fite{n}do
uenia{m} postula{n}do. d{eu}m laudando. Carne{m} xpi{sti}
ma{n}duca{n}do. ⁊ sanguine{m} ei{us} bib{e}ndo. gr{ati}as
agendo._ Betfage is cleped on englisse muðene hus. ⁊ bitocneð
holie chirche. þ̵ men noten inne here muðes wike. þanne hie
seien {45} here sinnes. ⁊ forgiuenesse bidden. ⁊ ure lou{er}d
ih{es}u x{r}i{st} herien. ⁊ bruken his fles ⁊ his blod. þ̵ his
þe holi husel. ⁊ him [f. 44r] þanken.

_+I+er{usa}l{e}m int{er}p{re}tat{ur} uisio pacis ⁊ ite{m}
sig{nificat} eccl{es}iam. in q{ua} pax uera uidet{ur}. du{m}
passio x{rist}i recolit{ur}. et pacis osc{u}l{u}m dat{ur}._
Ier{usa}l{e}m is cleped soð of sahtnesse. {50} ⁊ bitocneð holie
chirche þer bileffulle men inne beð sehte. þenne p{re}st
c{ri}stes þroweinge minegeð. ⁊ of þe calice understondeð tocne
of sehtnesse. þ̵ is messe cos. ⁊ þe folc sent. ⁊ þer{}mide
bitocneð þ̵ ure drihten is þureh þe holie loc wið bileffulle men
maked sehte. ⁊ þerfore chirche haueð þe tocninge of bethphage
þenne {55} þe p{ro}ession ut goð of ier{usa}l{e}m. ⁊ eft þenne
it{}in cumeð. Nime we þenne geme gif ure p{ro}cession bi maked
aft{er} ure helendes p{ro}cession.

On his p{ro}cession ferde sume biforen him ⁊ makede his weie
to{}ward ier{usa}l{e}m. ⁊ sume briggeden þe asse mid here
cloðes. ⁊ sume mid boges þe hie breken of þe trewes. Ðo þe þe
weie {60} makeden biforen him. bien folkes lorþeawes. bisshopes
⁊ p{re}stēs. þe mid here wise lore rideð. ⁊ make{ð} godes weie
in to mannes heorte. Ðo þe briggeden þe asse mid here cloðes.
ben þo þe wisseð þe folc mid faire forbisne of here weldede. Ðo
þe briggeden þe asse mid þe brokene boges. ben þo þe leren þe
folc to understonden god noht mid {65} wel dede. ac mid wise
speche. þo þe aft{er} hi{m} comen ben þo þe here lif [leden]
alse here lorðeawes hem lereð. þo þe bisides weren on his riht
half. ben þo þe clene lif leden to quemende gode{;} noht for
hereworde. þo þe on his lift hond comen ben þo þe clenliche
liuen [f. 44v] noht forto q{ue}mende gode{;} ac for hereword to
haue{n}.

    [Linenotes:
    62. _maked_ MS. || 64. _hereweldede_ MS.]

Ðe {70} asse þe ure helende uppe set. ben þo forsinegede þe
hauen al here þonc uppen eorðliche richeise. ⁊ sinne hem is loð
to leten. ⁊ unwill[i]che to bete. for hem þincheð þ̵ godes hese
heuieliche semeð. ⁊ naðeles gif hie ful don hie shulen on heuene
endelese mede fon. Ure lou{er}d ih{es}u x{r}i{st} þe makede
i{n}to ier{usa}l{e}m þis dai his holie p{ro}cession. þe ech
chirche to{}dai minegeð. wisse ⁊ fulste us swo to folgen his
holi eorliche p{ro}cession þ̵ we mo ben on þe holie p{ro}cession
þe he wile maken adomes dai mid hise chosene{;} fro þe dome i{n}
to heuene. _Q{uod} nob{is} p{re}stet q{ui} s{e}cla p{er} o{mn}ia
regnat._ {80}


B. IN DIE PASCHE

[Headnote: Panis Angelicus Fit Panis Hominum]

_++Hec est dies q{uam} fecit d{omi}n{u}s exultem{us} ⁊ letem{ur}
in ea._ Þis dai haueð ure drihten maked to gladien. ⁊ to blissen
us þonked wurðe him. ⁊ giarked þ̵ holie gestni{n}ge. þe he offe
spe`c´ð þus q{ue}ðinde.

_+E+cce p{ra}ndiu{m} meu{m} paratu{m}._ Mi bord {85} is maked. ⁊
us bidde{ð} alle þer{}to þus seggende. _+V+enite p{ra}ndiu{m}._
Cumeð to borde ⁊ understondeð bred. ac er þenne þe holie bord
bugen. ⁊ þ̵ bred understonde do we alse þe ap{ostel} bad.
seiende þus. _P{ro}bet au{tem} se ip{su}m h{om}o. ⁊ sic d{e}
pane illo edat ⁊ d{e} calice bibat._ P{ro}ue ech man him seluen.
⁊ gif he feleð {90} þ̵ he is wurðe þer{}to{;} þenne understonde
he þ̵ husel. ⁊ drinke of þe calice. þe man hit understo{n}deð
wurðliche þe cumeð þerto on bicumeliche wise. ⁊ mid bicumeliche
wede. ⁊ on bicumeliche time. On bicumeliche wise [f. 45r] cumeð
þe man þe Erest sheweð p{re}ste his sinnes ⁊ forleteð ⁊
bim{ur}neð ⁊ nimeð þerof god wissinge. ⁊ oðer {95} siðe þe holie
acxen uppen his heued. ⁊ þe six pinen þe þerto bilien.

    [Linenote:
    86. _bidded_ MS.]

_s{cilicet} vigilias. labores. saccu{m}. i{n}edia. siti{m}._ þ̵
is wecche ⁊ swinch. harde cloðes. smerte dintes. selde eten ⁊
lesse drinken. Þridde siðe palm sunedeies p{ro}cession. feorðe
siðes shereðuresdaies absolucio[n] þe liðe þe sinne bendes. þe
fifte siðe crepe to cruche on {100} lange fridai[.] sixte siðe
on ester euen gon abuten þe fantston. þe bitocneð þe holie
sepulc{re}. ⁊ þe seueðe siðe þ̵ holie bord bugen ⁊ þ̵ bred
bruken. bicumeliche wede ben tweire kinne. lichamliche ⁊
gostliche. þe lichamliche wedes ben manie kinnes. ac of hem ne
speke ich noht ac do of þe gostliche. þe ben ec fele kinnes. ⁊
alle hie bien {105} faire hi{m} þe þe husel underfoð. ac two
þer{}offe ben swiche þ̵ no man ne mai under{}fo. him selue{n} to
hele bute he haue here oðer on him. þe ben þus clepede.

_+V+estis innoce{n}cie. +V+estis m{isericord}ie._ an is
loðlesnesse oðe`r´ sinbote. _+V+estis innocencie restituit{ur}
in baptismo dicente sac{er}dote. [A]ccipe ueste{m} ca{n}dida{m}
⁊_ {110} _i{m}mac{u}lata{m}._ loðlesnesse understondeð þe man at
his folcni{n}ge. ⁊ þ̵ bitocneð þe c{ri}sme cloð. þe þe p{re}st
bi{}windeð þ̵ child mide. ⁊ þus seið. Underfo shrud wit ⁊ clene.
þis shrud haueð ech man on him aft{er} his fulcni{n}ge. alle þe
wile þe he hi{m} beregeð þ̵ he ne do ne ne q{ue}ðe. ne ne ðenche
no þing for þat he bie unwurðere gode{;} {115} [f. 45v] ne
loðere men{;} þe iuele is soule. Þis wede is wel bicumeliche ⁊
biheue ech man to hauen þenne he husel underfoð. Ðet oðer
gostliche shrud ich embe spece{;} is mildhertnesse. þe is nemed
ec{;} armhertnesse armheorted is þe man. þe swiðere reoweð his
sinne. ⁊ he he{m} for{}let ⁊ bet. ⁊ milce bit. alse ure
drihte{n} bad seien þus. {120}

_+M+iserere a{n}i{m}e tue place{n}s d{e}o._ haue reoðe of þin
ogen sovle. þenne likeste gode. Mildheorted beð þe man þe reouð
his nehgebures unselðe. ⁊ likeð here alre selðe ⁊ ofþinð sore
wrecche mannes wanrede. ⁊ freureð hem mid his wel dede. No ma{n}
þe sineged haueð ne mai wið{}uten þis{e} wedes holi husel
u{n}derfon{;} bute to eche harme {125} his soule ⁊ lichame ⁊ ech
ma{n} þe hit u{n}derfoð wið{}uten eiðer þese wedes shal ben
shameliche driuen ut of þis holi gestni{n}ge. ⁊ bu{n}den
togedere his honden. ⁊ his fet. ⁊ worpen i{n} to þe ateliche pit
of helle bi ure drihtenes word þe seið to swiche men.

    [Linenote:
    125. _þise_] _þis_ MS.]

_+A+mice q{uo}m{odo} huc i{n}t{ra}sti n{on} h{abe}ns ueste{m}
nupciale{m}._ ⁊c hwu come þu ider {130} in mid u{n}bicumliche
weden. þis dai is bicumelich time husel to u{n}derfon. _Q{ui}a
h{ec} dies q{uam} fec{it} d{omi}n{us}. n{on} q{uod} mag{is}
ha{n}c q{uam} alias. s{ed} q{uia} maiora q{uam} {i}n aliis á
morte resurge{n}do. ⁊ nos á morte resuscitando._ for þ̵ þis
makede ure drihte{n} þe makede alle oðre. ac he kidde oðerluker
his mihte. {135} ⁊ ma{n}kin more milce dide on þis dai{;} þanne
on ani oðre. Ðo he aros of deaðe [⁊] rerde us mid hi{m}.

_+V+nde exultem{us} ⁊ letem{ur} i{n} ea._ he us fette ut of
helle wowe. ⁊ þer{}mide us gledede. ⁊ gif we hi{m} folgieð he
gifð us heuene wele ⁊ þer{}mide. us blisseð to dai þonked. wurðe
hi{m}. for{}þi þis dai is cleped est{re}ne dai. þ̵ is aristes
dai. for {140} þ̵ þe he þis dai aros of deaðe. ⁊ we alle don{;}
[f. 46r] þanne we holi husel unde`r´nimen. gif we ben þe[r]
togenes on clene liflode. ⁊ on rihte leue. ⁊ wið alle men sehte.
Ure lou{er}d þe us bit to þis gestni{n}ge. ⁊ bri{n}ge us to
`his´ holi fleis ⁊ to his holi blod ⁊ leue us he{m} to bruken. ⁊
þus q{ue}dinde.

_+A+ccipite ⁊ co{m}medite ex h{oc} o{mne}s_ {145} _h{ic} {est}
e{nim} c{alix} s{anguinis} m{ei} n{ovi}._ ⁊ c’ Understondeð þis
⁊ brukeð it alle. for it is mi lichame þe giu shal alle lesen.
he bet us ec his holi blod þe shal ben shad giu to lesende ⁊
seið þ̵ þese two þing bien ure bileue.

_+C+aro mea u{er}e {est} cib{us} ⁊ sanguis m{eu}s u{er}e {est}
pot{us}._ Mi fleis is wis mete. ⁊ mi blod iwis dri{n}ke ⁊
aft{er} þ̵ {150} he seið. _+N+isi ma{n}ducau{er}itis carne{m}
filii h{ominis} ⁊ b{iberitis} e{ius} s{anguinem} n{on}
h{abebitis} u{itam} i{n} uob{is}._ Ne muge haue{n} no lif on giu
bute ge liue{n} bi mi fleis ⁊ bi mi blod. þ̵ husel þe ge
understonden{;} is his holi fleis ⁊ his blod. Erest it beð
ouelete ⁊ win. ⁊ þureh þe holi word þe ure helende hi{m} self
seide mid his holi {155} muð{;} ⁊ eft{er} hi{m} p{re}st he{m}
seið atte swimesse t{ur}neð þe bred to fleis ⁊ þe win to blod.

_+S+et in carne remanet forma color ⁊ sapor._ ac on þe holi
fleis bileueð þe shap ⁊ hiu. ⁊ smul of ouelete. ⁊ on þe holi
blod héw ⁊ smul of win. More mihte doð ure helende þenne þe holi
word þe he þurh his muð spec. þanne he giueð ma{n}nes
cuinde. {160} [his fleis ⁊ his blod.] ⁊ Naþeles þanne man eteð ⁊
drinkeð þureh þe lichames cunde þ̵ bred wurð to fleis. ⁊ þe
drinke to blod. for þi mai godes word t{ur}nen þe ouelete to
fleis. ⁊ þ̵ win to blod. ⁊ swo doð. ⁊ þ̵ is þe felefolde heste.
þe is alre hestene heste þ̵ alle c{ri}stene men agen to dai to
note{n}. for þ̵ þis dai is cleped estre dai {165} þ̵ is estene
da[i]. ⁊ te este is husel. ⁊ no man ne mai seien husel{;} wu god
it is.

_+Q+{ui}a {est} p{re}ciu{m} mu{n}di._ for it is wurð al þe
wereld. ⁊ bet{er}e þene [f. 46v] al þe wereld. þis is þe holi
manne þe ure driht{en} sende alse snow sleðrende alse þe
p{ro}ph{et}e seið. _+P+luit ill{is} ma{n}na ad ma{n}duca{n}d{um}
⁊ pane{m} celi dedit eis._ {170} _[P]ane{m} ang{e}lor{um}
ma{n}ducau{it} h{om}o._ he let he{m} reine ma{n}ne to bi{}liue.
⁊ gef he{m} bred of heuene. ⁊ men ete{n} englene [bred].

_+M+anna i{n}t{er}p{re}tat{ur}. q{ui}d {est} h{oc}?_ Manne
bitocneð wat is tis{;} ⁊ þo ure drihte{n} sende þis mete fro
heuene þe israelisse folke{;} it warð on eches muð wat mete se
he mest luuede. ⁊ bitocneð holi {175} husel{;} þe ech
c{ri}steman understont nuðe. þe is þe ma{n}ne hegeste sweteste
este þe is of sinne clensed. oðer bigunne to clensende. ⁊ alre
bit{er}e bit{er}est eches mannes soule þe ne haueð alle michele
sinnes forleten. ⁊ bet. oðer bigunnen alse þ{e} ap{ostel} seið.

    [Linenote:
    179. _þe_] _þa_ MS.]

_+Q+{ui} ma{n}ducat c{orpus} d{omini} ⁊ b{ibit} ⁊c._ Ech þe
understandeð þ̵ holi husel {180} unwurðliche he understant hi{m}
seluen eche pine. ⁊ endelese wowe. Nime we nu geme ure ech agen
hi{m} seluen. gif we bien cumen on bicumeliche wise. þ̵ is to
soð shrifte. to hol[i] axen a palm sunedai{;} to p{ro}cession. a
shereðursdai to absoluciun. a langefridai to holi c{ru}che. an
ester euen to p{ro}cession. ⁊ gif we ben cumene mid {185}
bicumeliche wede. of lodlesnesse þ̵ is clensinge. swo þ̵ we
hauen ure sinnes forleten. ⁊ bi shriftes wissenge bet. oðer
bigu{n}nen to beten. ⁊ milce bidden. þanne muge we bicumeliche
to godes bord{;} bugen. ⁊ his bode wurðliche bruken. ⁊ þureh þe
holi este cumen to driste. _Quod nobis prestet qui hodie
surrex{it} ⁊ uiuit c{um} deo p{at}re {190} in unitate sp{iritu}s
s{an}c{t}i._

    [Linenotes:
    189. _driste_] _d_ corr. out of _e_.]



XIII. VICES AND VIRTUES

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Stowe 34, British Museum: of the early part of the thirteenth century;
written on vellum, 223 × 160 mm., by three scribes, with numerous
corrections by at least three other hands.”]]

[[Each selection was printed as a single paragraph. They have been
broken up for this e-text.]]


A. THE ARK OF HOLY CHURCH

[f. 14v] ++Ðe gastliche hierdes ðe scule{n} boðe loki{n} ⁊
stiere{n}. ðo ðe bieð i{n} ðare woreld{;} ⁊ ec `ðo´ ðe bieð ute.
hie folȝið noe ðane gode stieres{}ma{n}n ðe god{e} was swiðe
lief. ⁊ ȝecweme. For ðare muchele hersumnesse ðe he maniȝe
wi{n}tre swanc. ær he `ða´ arche mihte habbe{n} ȝemaked. ⁊
seððen hie swa stierd{e} on ðe muchele {5} wilde flode. ðe
ouerȝiede all midde{n}eard. mang stro{n}ge wi{n}des ⁊ stormes
ðat he ðarof ne forleas naþing. ðe godd hi{m} hadde betaht to
liue ⁊ to lo{n}de to bri{n}ge{n}. Swa scule ða gastlich`e´
stieres{}me{n}n. `steren´ ða arche of ðe hali cherche ðat hie
ðarof ne for{}liesen ne lichame ne saule. For none wi{n}de of
ma{n}nliche fandi{n}ge. [f. 15r] {10} Ne for none storme of
dieuliche fandi{n}ge.

    [Linenote:
    8. _gastliche_] _e_ above erasure.]

⁊ eft on faire wedere ne bien hie naht to sikere. forðan swo
maniȝe litle dropes of maniȝes ke{n}nes ȝemeleastes mihte{n}
cume{n} in to ðe saule bote ðat hie mihte{n} sinke{n}. mid alle
hire biȝeates. Ac lokie{n} hie alle ðe wið{}i{n}nen scipes borde
wuniȝeð. þ̵ hie bie{n} hersum. ⁊ leðebeiȝe here stieres
ma{n}ne. {15} swa swa hie willeð cume{n} to ðe liuiende land{e}
mid saule ⁊ mid lichame. And hlesteð hwat ðe hlauerd seið. ðe
ðat scip auh to ðe stieresma{n}ne{n} ⁊ to alle ðe ðar inne
wuniȝeð.

    [Linenote:
    14. _lokieð_ MS.]

_Q{ui} uos audit me audit_. Se ðe ȝe`w´er ra`d´ hlest he seið.
he hlest me selue{n}. ⁊ se ðe ȝew forsakþ ⁊ ȝewere lare he
forsakþ fullȝewiss me seluen. Þis he {20} sei{ð} to ða
stieresma{n}ne{n}. On michele hahte we fareð alle ðe fareð _i{n}
h{oc} mare magnu{m}_. on ðessere michele sea of ðare bitere
woreld. Of ure stieresma{n} is ȝewriten _Asce{n}du{n}t usq{ue}
ad celos. ⁊ desce{n}du{nt} usq{ue} ad abissos_. Hie stieð up to
heuene mid here gastliche þohtes for to sceawi{n} ðe michele
merhðe of heuene riche. {25} for to sceawi{n} ðe wi{n}des ⁊ ðe
euele stormes. ðe cumeð of deules blastes ⁊ for us te warni{n}
þ̵ ure ropes ne to{}breke{n}. ðe bieð i{}broide{n} mid þrie
strænges. Of rihte ileaue. ⁊ of faste hope te god{e}. And of
ðare soðe luue ðe is ihote{n} carite ðe Crist mæst luueð.

    [Linenotes:
    19. _gewer_] _w_ above _ụ̇_. || _rad_] _d_ above erasure. ||
    21. _seid_ MS.]

    [[19 “gewer” shown as printed: body text has “ȝewer”]]

Eft hit seið ðat hie stikð niðer i{n} to nielnesse mid here
ðohtes. for us eft to {30} warni{n} wið ðo stanroches of ðe
hard{e} hierte ðe næure ne wile nexi{n}. for none wat{er}e of
wisdome. Ac ȝif ðar cu{m}þ scip to hit tobrekð. Alswo doð ðat
unwise ma{n}n ðe cu{m}þ to ðan unbiliefde ma{n}ne ðe ne wile ne
ne mai godes lare understa{n}de{n} for his h{er}te hardnesse[.]
he tobrek{ð} ȝif he ani god wille hafð. forðan he hert his gode
wille {35} ⁊ hie tobrecþ. [f. 15v] mid þelliche wordes. Hwat
dest þu{;} he seið ðu dalst al ðat tu hafst. Wile ðu hleste{n}.
spelleres. ⁊ pr`i´estes. ⁊ munekes. ⁊ þese hadede ma{n}ne{n}. Ne
scalt ðu næure habben god{;} Hie wolde{n} for`i´swelȝen all ðe
woreld ȝif hie mihte{n}. be trewe ma{n}n ⁊ halt ti{n} god. þu
finst feawe ðe wile ȝiue{n} ðe ani þi{n}g. bute {40} hie wite{n}
hwarfore.

    [Linenotes:
    30. _nielnesse_] on margin _abissos_. || 35. _tobrekd_ MS.:
    in lower margin, qui cu{m} in forma dei e`s´set no{n} rapina{m}
    arbit{ra}tus _est_ semet.]

Ðe unware ma{n}n ðe ðis ȝeherð. ðingþ ðat he seið hi{m} god rad.
Ȝif he arrer dede litel te gode. ðar after he doð michel`e´
lasse. ⁊ swo he forfarð. for ðan ðe he his priestes lare ne his
ræd lesten ne folȝin ne wile Carite sprat his bowes o{n} bræde ⁊
o{n} le{n}gðe swiðe ferr. Hie me haueð ido{n} speke{n}. forðer
ðane ic {45} hadde ȝeþouht. Ac nu ic wile wænden to ðe hali
mihtes al{}swo ich ær hadde iȝu{n}nen be god{e}s fultume. Ac me
þincþ ðat tu lokest aweiward ⁊ heuiliche latst. And hit is me to
muchel iswinch ðar embe to þe{n}nke{n} oðer to speke{n}, bute
ȝif ðu woldest mid god wille ðar{}to lheste{n}. ⁊ hes
understande{n}. {50}

    [Linenotes:
    42. _Ȝif_] _ȝ_ corr. out of _G_. || 44. _bowes_] _w_ corr.
    out of _u_.]


+Hu andswereð ðe saule ⁊ seið :+

++Ich ðe bidde for ðan ilche hlauerd ðe ðe iscop me to helpe.
ðat alswo ðu hauest ȝegu{n}ne{n} ⁊ ðane gru{n}dwall ileid. Of
ðese hali mihtes ðat tu hes forð{}bri{n}ge ⁊ me hes tæche.
forðan hie bieð me swiðe unbecnawe for ðe maniȝe unðeawes ðe ic
mid me to longe {55} habbe ihafd. Ac nu ic hes wile lete{n}. ⁊
mid godes fultume of he{m} ȝeswike{n}. And mi{n} ȝeþanc to ðine
lore healde{n}. For ðare hali mihte ðe cariteð is icleped ic ðe
beseche ⁊ bidde ðat tu ðese halwe{n}de lore o{n} write sette.
for ðan ic am michel þe{n}chi{n}d{e} ðar hwile ðe ic o{n} ðese
wrecche lichame am wuniende. ⁊ ofte forȝete ðat me god{;}
wære {60} te healde{n}. and ec sum oðer saule hit wile helpe{n}.

  [Linenote:
  54. _tæche_] _c_ corr. out of _s_.]


+Hu andswereð scadwisnesse. ⁊ þus seið.+                         [f. 16r

++Ðas þe me þincþ þu wilt godes lore bliðeliche understonden. ⁊
lierni{n}. ⁊ ðat me likeð swiðe wel. forði ðat hit seið on ðe
hali godspelle. _Q{ui} {est} ex deo uerba dei audit._ Se ðe is
of god{e} he {65} harkeð bleðeliche godes wordes. Nu me cu{m}þ
on iþanke an forbisne. þe _sa{n}ct{us} Gregori{us}_ us sei{ð} :
_Q{ui} uirtutes sine humilitate {con}gregat q{ua}si i{n} ue{n}to
puluere{m} portat._ Se ðe gadereð mihtes wiðute{n} eadmodnesse
he seið. he is ilich ðo ma{n}ne ðe berð dust amideward{e} ðe
wi{n}de. For ði me þingþ þ̵ is wisdo{m} ðat we {70} alre ðinge
arst speken of ðessere hali mihte wi{ð}{}uten hwam no{n} ne mai
bie{n} wið{}healde{n} te none freme ne te none gode.

  [Linenotes:
  67. _seid_ MS. || 71. _wid_ MS.]


B.

+Of teares.+                                                     [f. 47r

++Wite ðu to soðe ðat þese teares ðe we embe speke{ð} hie bieð
iwis godes ȝiue. ⁊ swiðe niedfulle to ðan inede þat iherd sculen
[bien] of gode. Of hem sade ðe p{ro}phete : _Fuerunt m{ihi}_ {75}
_lacrime me[e] panes die ac nocte._ Mine teares he sade me waren
bred daiȝ ⁊ niht swa gode hie þouhten. Of oþres kennes teares he
sade : _Lac{ri}mis meis stratu{m} meum rigabo :_ Ich scal watrien
min bedd mid mine teares. Ðies bedd tacneð þe _{con}sciencia_.
þat is þat inȝied wiðinnen. Þar ðe gode sawle {80} haueð hire
reste{;} þar haueð se eule sawle hire pine. For þi he sade þat
he wolde mid teares wascen þat inȝied þar of ðe his herte him
wreiȝede. Ne finde we nawher þat godd wernde ani þing ðe ani
ma{n}n mid teares him besouhte. Godd sante to Ezechie þe kinge
be his p{ro}phete. ⁊ sade : _Dispone domui tue quia morieris ⁊
tu_ {85} _⁊ non uiues._ Becweð þine [f. 47v] cwide he sade. for
ðan þu scalt bien dead. ⁊ naht ne scalt tu libben. Ðe king warð
sari. alswa richeise is lað to laten ⁊ swiðe lef to libben. He
wante þo to ðe wauȝe ⁊ dede þat betste. `a´ hlauerd godd sade he
þench nu ðat ich ðe habbe ȝe luued. ⁊ for þine luue bliðeliche
idon. ⁊ ȝif me ȝiet {90} a litel ferst for þine godnesse. Ðies
was god inȝied. þ̵ he mihte his gode dade forðsceawin þa þe he
niede hadde. For þi him ȝeherde godd ⁊ sade to is {pro}phete ðe
was ham ward. Wand aȝean cwað he ⁊ sai to þe kinge. _Vidi
lacrimam tua{m}._ Ich iseih cwað he þine tear. ⁊ ich iherde þine
bene. Þu scalt ȝiet libben fiftene ȝear. {95} Swa michel ich
habbe ieiht þi lif. Ðanne ðu on michele niede gode wilt beseken
þanne is ðe wel god þ̵ þu muȝe forðdraȝen sume gode dade. þin
hierte bieð ðe gladdere. ⁊ ðe sikerliker ðu miht bidden. Segge
we nu forð mid þe p{ro}phete _Ciba nos pane lacrimar{um}._
Hlauerd fed us mid ðo breade of swete teares. ⁊ _potu{m} da
nobis {100} in lacrimis in me{n}sura._ ⁊ ȝif us drinken of
oðreskennes teares ⁊ ðat mid imete. Ðat ich wile þat ðu wel be
iwarned. {ȝ}if godd ðe ȝifð þese swete teares þat non win in
ðare world nis swa swete. ⁊ alswa alswa man to michel mai
drinken of ðare wine alswa mai ðe mann to michel wepen. þeih hie
swete bien. ⁊ for ði þe is god {105} þ̵ þu beseke at gode one
mihte. ðe hatte _discrecio_. þat is [f. 48r] sckelewisnesse.

    [Linenotes:
    73. _speked_ MS. || 74. _inede_] _n_ corr. out of _h_. ||
    80. _is_ corr. out of _þ_. || 88. _lað_] _ð_ corr. out of _d_.
    || 89. _þat_ on an erasure. || 97. _god_] MS. _gode_, with _e_
    partly erased. || 102. _ȝif_] _Gif_ MS.]


++Hie is swiðe beheue mang alle ðe oðre mihtes. Ðis ðe hali
faderes seggeð Hie is moder of alle ðe oðre mihtes. ðar ðe he
rixið ne mai naure man forfaren. þe hire wile rixin ⁊ folȝin.
Hit {110} seið _in uitas patru{m}_. ðat at sume sal waren ðe
hali faderes to{}gedere igadered. ⁊ waren spekinde betwen hem on
`h´williche wise me mihte rihtist ⁊ sikerest to gode cumen. Sum
sade þurh fasten. sum þurh wacche{n}. sum ðurh bede. sum sade
þurh hersumnesse. sum sade ðurh annesse. sum sade ðurh
herborȝin {115} wrecche me{n}n. ⁊ feden ⁊ screden. Sum sade ðurh
seke me{n}n to lokin. ⁊ on manieskennes wisen hie namden after
ðan þe þat hali goddspell seið. Ða sade on of ða eldes[t] ⁊ on
of ða wisest. Ðurh alle ðesen we habbeð iseȝen ⁊ iherd swiðe
maniȝe ȝeborȝen. ⁊ manie of alle ðesen inamde mihten forfaren
for þi ðat hem trukede {120} _discrecio_. þat is scadwisnesse
and skele. For ði sume deden michel mare þan hie mihtin wel
andin Sume deden to litel. Sume deden euele. ⁊ wenden wel don.
Sume wel a{}gunnen ⁊ euele andeden. Ac naure ne ȝeseiȝe we manne
þat hadde þese hali mihte mid him þat he aure misferde[.] beȝete
se ðe muge. {125}

    [Linenotes:
    115. _herborȝin_] _ȝ_ on erasure. || 118. _eldest_] hole in MS. ||
    121. _ði_ on erasure.]


++Perseuerancia hatte an hali mihte. Hie nis naht [f. 48v] to
laten for ðan hie makeð ðanne man ðe godd `h´is. to sant þ̵ he
þurwuneð on his godnesse. On ðare ealde laȝe hit was i[h]oten þ̵
alle dier. ðe me gode scolde offrin þat hie lokeden wel ðat ðe
tail ware on auriche netene. Þat tocneð ðat ilke mann ðe gode
ani seruise {130} offreð. þat he þar on þurȝwunie[.] on ðessere
newe laȝe sade crist. _Qvi p{er}seuerauerit usq{ue} in finem hic
saluus erit._ Se {ð}urȝ wuneð on his godnesse ðe he hafð agunnen
he worð iborȝen ⁊ naht elles for none gode þe he don hafð. hwat
`hwat´ it is.

    [Linenotes:
    128. _ihoten_] _io_ corr. by erasure. || 129. Before _ðe_, _ðe_
    erased. || 132. On margin {Ew}angelista in red. || 133. _ðurȝ_]
    _durȝ_ MS. || 134. _`hwat´_ on erasure.]


+Ratio dicit a{n}i{m}e :+ {135}

++Lieue `saule´, ðis little writt ic `habbe´ sare beswonken he
it wat þ̵ wot alle þing for ðe to wissin. for ðe to warnin. ⁊
for ðe to helpen ⁊ for ðe to berȝin. {ȝ}if ðu wilt wel hit
understonden ⁊ liernin ⁊ folȝin ⁊ [h]ealden wið{}uten alche
twene þu miht mid godes felste ðe berȝen ⁊ heuneriches merchþe
mid þese halie mihtes sike`r´liche {140} iwinnen.

    [Linenotes:
    136. _habbe_ above _write_ deleted. || 137. _þ̵_] _þ̵ạ_ MS. ||
    138. _ȝif_] _Gif_ MS. || 139. _alche_] _c_ corr. out of _l_.]


+N{un}c autor loq{ui}t{ur} final{ite}r.+

++Hvte we nu þ`a´nkin ⁊ herien ure hlauerde almihtin gode of
ðese witte and of ðese wisdome. ðe we hier habbeð igadered of
`h´ishorde. ⁊ of maniȝes [f. 49r] haliȝes mannes ȝeswinkes þe
michel {145} sw`u´nken for ðe luue of gode. ⁊ for us to wissin.
Hit is riht ðat we heriȝen ⁊ þankin ⁊ bledscin fader ⁊ sune ⁊
hali gast on ða hali þri{n}nesse. se ðe is on soð godd in
onnesse. se ðe l`i´ueð ⁊ rixeð aure ma a woreld. amen. Ðat ne
forȝeit ðu naure. þat ðu godd ne heriȝe. ⁊ þanke of alle gode.
Alswa swa we habbeð niede him to bidden be {150} daiȝ ⁊ be
nihte. ⁊ ofte ⁊ ȝelome alswa hit is niede{;} him to heriȝen.
Amen.

_Veni creator sp{iritu}s mentes tuor{um} uisita implet sup{er}na
gr{aci}a que tu creasti p`e´ctora._

    [Linenotes:
    142. _þankin_] _a_ over _ẹ_. || 146. _swunken_] _u_ over _ị_.
    || 148. _liueð_] _i_ over _ẹ_. || 149. _forȝeit_] _i_ over
    erasure.]

    [[142: error for 143]]



XIV. LAȜAMON

THE BRUT

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“i. Cotton Caligula A 9, British Museum (C); on vellum, 216 × 153 mm.;
192 folios in double columns of 32 to 34 lines, written by two scribes
in the first quarter of the thirteenth century. It is bound up with
another manuscript containing the Owl and the Nightingale and other
pieces.

“ii. Cotton Otho C 13, British Museum (O); injured in the fire of 1731;
on vellum; 145 folios in double columns of 38 lines; written in one
hand, of the third quarter of the thirteenth century.

“.... Mistakes common to both versions have been derived from an
intermediate manuscript X.”]]


  (MS. Caligula)

      (MS. Otho)

[[In the original text, line numbers were printed only on the MS.
Caligula pages. Numbers have been added to MS. Otho when needed
to identify linenotes.]]

  Vnder þan comen tiðende{;}   to vortiger þan kinge.           [f. 81r²
  þ̵ ouer sæ weoren icumen{;}   swiðe selcuðe gumen.
  Jnne þere Temese{;}   to londe heo weore{n} icu{m}men.
  þreo scipen gode{;}   comen mid þan flode.
  þreo hundred cnihten{;}   Alse hit weoren kinges.                    5
  wið{}uten þan scipen mo{n}nen{;}   þe weoren þer wið{}inne{n}.
  þis weoren þa færeste men{;}   þat auere her comen.
  Ah heo weore hæðene{;}   þ̵ wes hærm þa mare.

      vnder þan com tẏdinge : to vortiger þan kinge.            [f. 65v¹
      þat ouer séé weren icome{;}   swiþe selliche gomes.
      þreo sipes gode{;}   i{}come were mid þan flode
      þar{}on þreo hundred cnihtes{;}   alse hit were kempes.
      þes weren þe faireste men þat euere come here.
      ac hii weren heþene þat was har[m] þe more.

  Uortiger heom sende to{;}   And axede hu heo weoren idon.
  Ȝif heo grið sohten{;}   ⁊ of his freond{}scipe rohte{n}.           10
  heo wisliche and{}swerden{;}   Swa heo wel cuðen.
  ⁊ seiden þ̵ heo walden{;}   speken wið þan kinge.
  ⁊ Leofliche him heren{;}   ⁊ hælden hine for hærre.
  And swa heo gunnen wenden{;}   fforð to þan kinge.
  Þa wes Uortigerne þa ki{n}g{;}   In Cantuarie{}buri.                15
  þer he mid his hirede{;}   Hæhliche spilede.
  þer þas cnihtes come{n}{;}   Bi{}fore{n} þan folc{}kinge.
  Sone swa heo | hine imetten{;}   fæire heo hine igrætten.     [f. 81v¹
  ⁊ seiden þat heo him wolden{;}   hæren iþisse londe.
  ȝif he heom wolde{;}   mid rihten at{}halden.                       20
  Þa and{}swerede vortig{er}{;}   of elchen vuele he wes war.
  An alle mine iliue{;}   þe ich iluued habbe.
  bi dæie no bi nihtes{;}   ne sæh ich nauere ær swulche cnihtes.
  for eouwer cume{n} ich æm bliðe{;}
          ⁊ mid me ȝe sculle{n} bilæfuen.
  ⁊ eouwer wille ich wulle driȝen{;}   bi mine quicke liuen.          25

    [Linenote:
    25. _bimi ne_ MS.]

      þeos comen to þan kinge and faire hine grette.
      and seide þat hii wolde{;}   him sarui in his lo{n}de
      ȝif vs þou wolle{;}   mid rihte at{}holde.
      þo answerede vortiger{;}   þat of eche vuele he was war.
      In al mine lifue{;}   þat ich ileued habbe{;}
      Bi dai no bi nihte{;}   Ne seh ich soche cnihtes.
      for ȝou ich ham bliþe{;}   and mid me ȝe solle bi{}lefue.

  Ah of eou ich wulle iwiten{;}   þurh soðen eouwer wurð{}scipen.
  whæt cnihte{n} ȝe seon{;}   ⁊ whænnenen ȝe icumen beon.
  ⁊ whar ȝe wullen beon treowe{;}   alde ⁊ æc neowe.
  þa answerede þe oðer{;}   þat wes þe aldeste broðer.
  lust me nu lauerd king{;}   ⁊ ich þe wullen cuðen.                  30
  what cnihtes we beoð{;}   ⁊ whanene we icumen seoð.

    [Linenote:
    27. _whæt_] _whahæt_ MS.]

      Ac forst ich wolle wite{;}   for ȝoure mochele worsipe.
      wat cnihtes | beo ȝeo{;}   and wanene ȝeo i{}comen beo.   [f. 65v²
      þo answerede þe oþer{;}   þat was þe elder broþer.


  ++Ich hatte he{n}ges{;}   hors is mi broðer.
  we beoð of alemai{n}ne{;}   aðelest alre londe.
  of þat ilken ænde{;}   þe angles is ihaten.
  Beoð in ure londe{;}   selcuðe tiðende.                             35
  vmbe fiftene ȝer{;}   þat folc hi[s] isomned.
  Al ure iledene folc{;}   ⁊ heore loten werpeð.
  vppen þan þe hit fal[l]ed{;}   he scal uaren of londe.
  Bilæuen scul | len þa fiue{;}   þa sexte scal forð liðe.      [f. 81v²
  ut of þan leode{;}   to u[n]cuðe londe.                             40

    [Linenotes:
    36. _his_] _hī_ MS. || 38. _falled_] _faled_ MS.]

      Ich hatte Hengest{;}   Hors hatte min broþer.
      we beoþ of Alemaine{;}   of one riche londe.
      of þan ilke hende   þat Ænglis his ihote.
      Beoþ in vre londe   wonder þenges gonde.
      bi eche fiftene ȝer.   þat folk his i{}somned.
      And werpeþ þare hire lotes{;}   fo[r] to londes seche.
      v{p} wan þat lot falleþ{;}   he mot neod wende.                 38

        [Linenote:
        38. _vp_] _vt_ MS.]

  Ne beo he na swa leof mon{;}   uorð he scal liðen.
  For þer is folc swiðe muchel{;}   mære þene heo walden.
  þa wif færeð mid childe{;}   swa þe deor wilde.
  Æueralche ȝere{;} heo bereð child þere{;}
  þ̵ beoð an us feole{;}   þat we færen scolden.                       45
  Ne mihte we bilæue{;}   for liue ne for dæðe.
  Ne for nauer nane þinge{;}   for þan folc{}kinge.

      Ne beo he noht so riche{;}   he mot lond seche.
      For{}þe wifues goþ þare mid childe{;}   alse þe deor wilde.
      bi euereche ȝere{;}   hii goþ mid childe þere.
      Þat lot on vs ful{;}   þat we faren solde.
      Ne moste we bi{}lefue{;}   for life ne for deaþe.

  þus we uerden þere{;}   ⁊ for{}þi beoð nu here.
  to sechen vnder lu{f}te{;}   lond ⁊ godne lauerd.
  Nu þu hæfuest iherd lauerd ki[n]g{;}   Soð of us þurh alle þi[n]g.  50
  Þa a{n}swarede vortiger{;}   of alc an vfele he wes war.
  Ich ileue þe cniht{;}   þ̵ þu me sugge soð{}riht.
  ⁊ wulche beoð æoure ileuen{;}   þ̵ ȝe on ileueð.
  ⁊ eoure leofue godd{;}   þe ȝe to luted.
  þa and{}swarede Hænges{;}   cnihtene alre fæirest.                  55
  Nis in al þis kine{}lond{;}   cniht swa muchel ne swa strong.

    [Linenotes:
    49. _luste_ MS. || 56. _muchel_ over erasure.]

      þus hit fareþ þere{;}   þar{}fore we beoþ nou here.
      Nou þou hauest ihord louerd king{;}   soþ of vs and no lesing.
      þo saide vortiger   þat was wis and swiþe war.
      And woche beoþ ȝoure biléue{;}   þat ȝeo an bi{}léfeþ.

  We habbeð gode`s´ gode{;}   þe we luuieð an ure mode.
  þa we habbeð hope to{;}   ⁊ heoreð heom mid mihte.
  Þe an hæhte phebus{;}   þe oðer Saturn{us}.
  þe þridde hæhte wode{n}{;}   þ̵ is an weoli godd.                    60
  þe feorðe hæh | [te] Jupit{er}{;}
          of alle þi{n}ge he is whar.                           [f. 82r¹
  þe fifte hæhte Mercuri{us}{;}   þat {i}s þe hæhste ouer us.
  þæ sæxte hæhte appollin{;}   þ̵ is a godd wel idon.

    [Linenotes:
    58. _mid mid_ MS. || _is_] _us_ MS.]

      We habbeþ godes gode{;}   þe we louieð in mode.
      þe on hatte phebus{;}   þe oþer Saturnus
      þe þri[d]de hatte Woden{;}   þat was a mihti þing.
      þe feorþe hatte Jubiter   of alle þinges He his war. |
      þe fifþe hatte Merchuri{us}{;}
              þat his þe hehest ouer vs.                        [f. 66r¹
      þe sixte hatte appolin{;}   þat his a god of gret win.

        [Linenote:
        63. _þe_] _e_ partly destroyed.]

  þe seoueðe hatte teruagant{;}   an hæh godd in ure lon.
  Ȝet we habbeð anne læuedi{;}   þe hæh is ⁊ mæhti.                   65
  heh heo is ⁊ hali{;}   hired{}men heo luuieð for{}þi.
  heo js ihate Frææ{;}   wel heo heom dihteð.
  Ah for alle ure goden deore{;}   þa we scullen hæren.

    [Linenotes:
    64. _seoðueðe_ MS. || _dihteð_] _ð_ corr. out of _s_.]

      þe soueþe hatte Teruagant{;}   an heh god in vre lond.
      Ȝet we habbeþ an leafdi{;}   þat heh his and mihti.
      ȝeo his i{}hote frea.   heredmen hire louieþ.
      To alle þeos godes   we worsipe wercheþ.
      And for hire loue{;}   þeos daȝes we heom ȝefue.
      Mone we ȝefue monedaẏ.   Tẏdea we ȝefue tisdei.

  Woden hehde þa hæhste laȝe{;}   an ure ælderne dæȝen.
  he heom wes leof{;}   æfne al swa heore lif.                        70
  he wes heore walden{;}   And heom wurðscipe duden.
  þene feorðe dæi iþere wike{;}   heo ȝifuen him to wurðscipe.
  Þa þunre heo ȝiuen þu{n}res dæi{;}
          for{}þi þat heo heom helpen mæi.
  Freon heore læfdi{;}   heo ȝiuen hire fridæi.
  Saturnus heo ȝiuen sætterdæi{;}   þene sunne heo ȝiuen sonedæi.     75
  Monen heo ȝifuen mone{}dæi{;}   Tidea heo ȝeuen tis{}dæi.

    [Linenote:
    76. _Monenen heo ȝifuenen_ MS.]

      Woden we ȝefue wendesdei.   Þane þonre we ȝefue þorisdai.
      Frea þane fridaẏ.   Saturnus þane sateresdai.

  þus seide hæ[n]gest{;}   cnihten alre hendest.
  Þa answerede vortig{er}{;}   of ælchen vfel he wæs wær.
  Cnihtes ȝe beoð me leofue{;}   ah þas tiðende me beoð laðe.
  eouwer ileuen beoð vnwraste{;}   Ȝe ne ileoueð noht an criste. |    80
  Ah ȝe ileoueð a þene wurse{;}   þe godd seolf awariede.       [f. 82r²
  eoure godes ne beoð nohtes{;}   In helle heo niðer liggeð.

    [Linenotes:
    80. _ileuen_ written over _ilauerd_ deleted. || _cristre_ MS.]

      þus saide Hengest{;}   cniht alre hendest.
      þo answerede vortiger{;}   of alle harme he was war.
      Cnihtes ȝeo beoþ me leofue{;}   ac ȝoure bilefues me beoþ loþe.

  Ah neoðeles ich wulle eou at{}hælde{;}   An mine anwalde.
  for norð Beoð þa Peohtes{;}   swiðe ohte cnihtes.
  þe ofte ledeð in mine londe{;}   ferde swiðe stronge.               85
  ⁊ ofte dod me muchele scome{;}   ⁊ þerfore ich habbe grome.
  ⁊ ȝif ȝe me wulleð wræken{;}   ⁊ heore hæfden me biȝeten.
  Ich eou wullen ȝeuen lond{;}   muchel seolueR ⁊ gold.
  Þa andswerede hængest{;}   cnihtene alre feirest.
  Ȝif hit wulle saturnus{;}   al hit scal iwurðe þus.                 90
  ⁊ Woden ure lauerd{;}   þe we on bi{}liueð.

    [Linenote:
    86. _me_] _e_ corr. out of _u_.]

      Ac ich wolle ou at{}holde{;}   in min anwolde.
      For norþ beoþ þe peutes{;}   swiþe ohte cnihtes.
      þat ofte doþ me same{;}   and þar{}vore ich habbe grame.
      And ȝef ȝe wolleþ me wreke{;}   of [hire] wiþere dedes{;}
      Ich ȝou wolle ȝeue{;}   ȝeftes swiþe deore.
      þo saide Hengest{;}   al hit sal iworþe þus.

  Hengest no{m} læue{;}   ⁊ to scipen gon liðe.
  þer wes moni cniht strong{;}
          heo droȝen heore scipe{n} uppe þe lo{n}d.
  forð wenden dringches{;}   to vortigerne þan kenge.
  Biuoren wende hengest{;}   ⁊ hors him alre hændest.                 95

    [Linenote:
    93. _uppe_ on an erasure.]

      Hengest nam lefue{;}   and to sipe gan wende.
      And al hire | godes{;}   hii beore to londe.              [f. 66r²

  Seoððen þa alemainisce men{;}   þa aðele weore{n} an deden.
  ⁊ seoððen heo senden him to{;}   heore sæxisce cnihtes wel idon.
  hengestes cunnesmen{;}   of his aldene cudðe.
  heo comen in to halle{;}   hændeliche alle.
  Bett weoren iscrudde{;}   ⁊ bed weoren iuædde.                     100
  hængest | swaine{;}   þene vortigernes. þeines.               [f. 82v¹
  þa wes vortigernes hired{;}   for hehne ihalden.
  Bruttes weoren særi{;}   for swulchere isihðe.
  Nes hit nawiht longe{;}   þat ne comen to þan kinge.
  Cnihtes sunen uiue{;}   þa i{}faren hafden biliue.                 105
  heo sæiden to þan kinge{;}   neowe tiðe{n}den.

    [Linenotes:
    100. _Bett_ corr. out of _Bette_. || 102. _ihaldenḍẹ_ MS.]

      Forþ hii wende alle{;}   to vortiger his halle.
      Bed weren i{}scrud{;}   and bet weren ived.
      Hengestes sweines{;}   þane vortiger his cnihtes.              101
      Bruttes weren sori{;}   for þan ilke sihte.
      Nas noht longe{;}   þat ne come tẏdinge.

        [Linenote:
        101. _swenise_ MS.]

  nu forð{}rihtes{;}   Icume{n} beoð þa peohtes.
  þurh þi lond heo ærneð{;}   ⁊ hærȝieð ⁊ berneð.
  ⁊ al þene norð ænde{;}   iuald to þa{n} gru{n}de.
  her{}of þu most ræden{;}   oðer all we beoð dæden.                 110
  Þe king hine bi{}þohte{;}   whæt he don mihte.
  he sende to þan innen{;}   after al his monnen
  þer com hengest þer com hors{;}   þer com m{a}ni mon ful oht.
  þer come{n} þa saxisce men{;}   hengestes cunnes{}men.
  ⁊ þa Alemainisce cnihtes{;}   þe beoð gode to fihte.               115

      þat þo forþ{}rihtes   icomen were þe peutes.
      Oueral þin lond hii erneþ{;}   and sleaþ þin folk and bearneþ.
      and alle þane norþ ende{;}   hii falleþ to þan gru{n}de.
      her{}of þou most reade{;}   oþer alle we beoþ deade.
      Þe king sende his sonde{;}   to þeos cnihtes hinne.
      þat hii swiþe sone   to him seolue come.
      þar com Hengest and his broþer{;}   and manian oþer.

  þis isæh þe king vortiger{;}   bliðe wes he þa þer.
  Þa peohtes duden heore iwune{;}
          a þas hælf þere humbre. heo weoren icume.
  ⁊ þe king VortigeR{;}   of heore cume wes ful war.
  To{}gadere heo comen{;}   ⁊ feole þer of{}sloȝen.
  þer wes feht swide strong{;}   Comp swiðe sturne.                  120

      þat þe king vortiger{;}   bliþe was þo þer.
      Þe Peutes dude hire wone{;}   a þis half vmbre hii were icome.
      And þe king vortiger{;}   of hire come was war.
      To{}gadere hii comen{;}   and manie þar of{}sloȝen.

  Þe Peohtes weoren ofte{}iwuned{;}    [f. 82v²
          Vortige[r]ne to ou{er} | cumen.
  ⁊ þa heo þohten a[l]swa{;}   Ah hit ilomp an oðer þa.
  for hit wes heom al hele{;}   þat hængest wes þere.
  ⁊ þa cnihtes stronge{;}   þe comen of saxelo{n}de.
  ⁊ þa ohte alemanisce{;}   þe þider comen mid horse.                125
  Swiðe monie peohtes{;}   heo sloȝen iþan fehte.
  feondliche heo fuhten{;}   feollen þa fæie.

    [Linenotes:
    113. _muni_ MS. || 116. _þa þa_ MS.]

      þe peutes weren ofte iwoned{;}   vortiger to ouercome.
      And þo iþohten al so{;}   ac hit bi{}ful oþerweies þo.
      for hii hadde mochel care{;}   for Hengest was þare.
      for swiþe manie peutes{;}   hii sloȝen in þan fihte.

  Þa þe non wes icumen{;}   þa weoren Peohtes ouer{}cumen.
  ⁊ swuðe heo awæi floȝen{;}   an ælche helue heo forð fluȝen.
  ⁊ alle dai heo fluȝen{;}   monie ⁊ vnnifoȝe.                       130
  Þe king vortigerne{;}   wende to herberwe.
  ⁊ æuere him weore{n} on{}uast{;}   Hors ⁊ hængest.
  Hængest wes þan kinge leof{;}   ⁊ him lindesaȝe ȝef.
  and he ȝæf horse{;}   madmes inoȝe.
  ⁊ alle heore cnihtes{;}   he swiðe wel dihte.                      135
  ⁊ hit gode stu{n}de{;}   stod a þan ilke.

    [Linenote:
    133. _leof{;} ⁊ him linde_ over an erasure.]

      þo þat non was icome{;}   þo were Peutes ouer{}come.
      And swiþe hii awey | floȝe.   on euereche side.           [f. 66v¹
      and vortiger þe king{;}   wende aȝen to his hin.
      and to hengest an his cnihtes   he ȝef riche ȝeftes.

  Ne durste nauere peohtes{;}   cumen i þan londes.
  no ræueres no utlaȝen{;}   þ̵ heo neoren sone of{}slæȝen.
  ⁊ hængest swiðe fæire{;}   herede þane king.
  Þa ilo{m}p hit in ane time{;}   þ̵ þe king wes swiðe bliðe.         140
  An ane hæȝe dæie{;}   imong his duȝeðe monnen.
  Hengest hine bi{}þohte{;}   what he don mihte.
  for he wolde wið þan ki{n}ge{;}   holde{n} | runi{n}ge.       [f. 83r¹
  þan kinge he eode to{;} foren{;}   ⁊ fæire hine gon greten.
  Þe king sone up stod{;}   ⁊ sætte hine bi him seoluen.             145
  heo drunken heo dremden{;}   blisse wes among heom.

    [Linenotes:
    137. _peohtestes_ MS. || _gonḍẹ_ MS. || 146. _heoṇ dremden_ MS.]

      Ne dorste neuere peutes{;}   come in þisse londe.
      þat hii nere sone of{}slaȝe{;}   and idon of lifdaȝe.
      and Hengest swiþe hendeliche{;}   cwemde þan kinge.
      Þo hit bi{}ful in on time{;}   þat þe king was swiþe bliþe.    140
      Hengest wolde wiþ þan kinge{;}   holde rouni{n}g.
      þane kinge he come bi{}vore   and faire hine grette.

        [Linenote:
        140. After _þe_, _ṛeṇ_ MS.]

  Þa queð hengest to þan kinge{;}   lauerd hærcne tiðende.
  ⁊ ich þe wulle ræcchen{;}   deorne runen.
  ȝif þu mine lare{;}   wel wult lusten.
  ⁊ noht halden to wraððe{;}   þat ich wel leare.                    150
  þe king answarede{;}   swa henges hit wolde.
  Þa sæide hængest{;}   cnihten alre fæirest.
  lauerd ich habbe moni a dæi{;}   þine monscipe ihæȝed.
  ⁊ þin holde mon ibeo{n}{;}   i richen þine hirede.
  ⁊ in ælche fæhte{;}   hæhst of þine cnihte{n}.                     155

      Þo saide hengest to þan kinge{;}   louerd hercne tẏdinge.
      And ich þe wolle telle{;}   of deorne rouni{n}ges.
      ȝef þou mine lore   wel wolt i{}hure.
      And noht holde to wraþþe{;}   ȝef ich þe wel leore.
      And þe king answerede{;}   alse Hengest hit wolde.

  ⁊ ich habbe ofte ihærd{;}   hohfulle ronen.
  Imong þine hired{}monnen{;}   heo hatieð þe swiðe.
  In to þan bare dæðe{;}   ȝif heo hit dursten cuðe.
  Ofte heo stilleliche spækeð{;}   ⁊ spilieð mid runen.
  of twam ȝu{n}ge monnen{;}   þat feor wunieð hennen.                160
  þe an hæhte VtheR{;}   þe oðer ambrosie.
  þe þridde hæhte Co[n]stance{;}   þes wes king i þisse `lond´.
  ⁊ he her wes of{}slaȝen{;}   þurh swicfulle laȝen.

    [Linenotes:
    156. _ronenen_ MS. || _stilledliche_ MS.]

      louerd ofte ich habbe ihord{;}   among þine cnihtes.
      þat hii þe hatieþ swiþe{;}   into þare bare deathe.
      Ofte hii stille spekeþ.   of two ȝonge cheldre{n}.
      þe on hatte vther{;}   þe oþer Aurelie.
      þe þridde hehte Constance{;}   þat þou dedest to deaþe.

  Nu wulleð cume þa oðere{;}   ⁊ wræken heore broðer.
  Al forbær | nen þi lond{;}   ⁊ slæn þine leoden.      [f. 83r²     165
  þe seoluen ⁊ þine duȝeðen;   driuen ut of londe.
  ⁊ þus suggeð þine men{;}   þer heo somned sitteð.
  for þa twene broðere{;}   beoð `beyne´ kine{}borne.
  Of androeinnes kunne{;}   þas aðele bruttes.
  ⁊ þus þine duȝeðe{;}   stille þe fordemed.                         170

    [Linenote:
    168. _beyne_ added in margin, _beoren_ deleted.]

      Nou wolleþ come þe oþer{;}   and wreken hire broþer.
      Al for{}bearne þi lond{;}   and slean þine leo | de.      [f. 66v²
      And þus seggeþ þine men{;}   stille bi{}twine heom.

  Ah ich þe wulle ræde{;}   Of muchele þire neode.
  þ̵ þu bi{}ȝite {cn}ihtes{;}   þa gode beoð to fihte.
  ⁊ bi{}tache me ænne castel{;}   Oðer ane kineliche burh.
  þat ich mai inne ligge{;}   þa while þa ich libbe.
  Ic am uor þe iuaid{;}   þær{}fore ic wene beon dæd.                175
  fare þer ic auer fare{;}   næm ich næuere bute care.
  Buten ich ligge faste{;}   biclused inne castle.
  ȝif þu þis me wult don{;}   Ich hit wulle mid luue a{}fon.
  ⁊ ich wulle biliue{;}   senden after mine wiue.
  þat is a sexisc wimmon{;}   of wisdome wel idon.                   180
  ⁊ after rouwe{n}ne{;} mire dohter;   þe me is swiðe deore.
  Þenne ich habbe mi wif{;}   ⁊ mine wine{}maies.

    [Linenote:
    172. _cnihtes_] _mihtest_ MS.]

      Ac ich þe wolle reade{;}   of mochele þine neode.
      þat þou biȝete cnihtes{;}   þat gode beon to fihte.
      And bi{}tak me one castel{;}   þat ich mai on wonie.
      For ich ham for þe i{}veiþed{;}   þat ich wene beo dead.
      þare ware ich euere vare{;}   nam ich neuere boute care.
      Bote ihc ligge faste{;}   bi{}clused in on castle.
      Ȝef þou þis woldes don{;}   Mi wif solde come sone.
      and mi dohter Rowenne{;}   and moche of mine cunne.

  ⁊ ich beo i þine londe{;}   fulliche at{}stonde.
  þa bet ich wullen hiren þe{;}   ȝif þu þis ȝettest me.
  Þa answerede vortiger{;}
          Of ælchen vuele he wes | war.                 [f. 83v¹     185
  Nim cnihtes biliue{;}   ⁊ send æfter þine wiue.
  ⁊ æfter þine children{;}   þan ȝu{n}gen ⁊ þan olden.
  ⁊ æfter þine cunnen{;}   ⁊ afeoh heom mid wunne.
  þenne heo to þe cumeð{;}   þu scat habben gærsume.
  hæhliche heom to uede{n}{;}   ⁊ wurðliche scruden.                 190
  Ah nulle ich castel na burh{;}   nane þe bi{}techen.
  for men me wolden scenden{;}   I mine kine{}lond.
  for ȝe haldeð þa hæðene laȝe{;}
          þat stod on eoure ælderen dæȝe.
  ⁊ we haldeð cristes laȝe{;}   ⁊ wulleð auere an ure dæȝe.

    [Linenote:
    192. _kine kine lond_ MS.]

      Wan we þos beoþ in londe{;}   folliche at{}stonde.
      þe bet we wolleþ cweme þe{;}   ȝef þou þis wolt granti me.
      þo answerede vortiger{;}   þat of ech vuele was war.
      Nim cnihtes swiþe{;}   and send after þine wifue.
      And after þine childre{n}{;}   þe ȝong and þe heoldre
      And after þine cunne{;}   and onderfang heom mid winne.
      wane hii to þe comeþ{;}   þou salt habbe garisome.
      hehliche heom to fede{;}   and worþliche to scrude.
      Ac nelle ich Castel ne Borh{;}   nanne þe bi{}take.
      For men me wolde sende{;}   in mine kinelonde.
      ȝef | ich heþene men{;}   londes bi{}toke.                [f. 67r¹

  Þa ȝet spæc hængest{;}   cnihten alre hendest.                     195
  lauerd ich wulle þin iwil{;}   driȝe{n} her ⁊ ouer{}al.
  ⁊ don al mine dæde{;}   æfter þine ræde.
  Nu ic wulle biliue{;}   sende afteR mine wiue.
  ⁊ æfter mire dohter{;}   þe me is swa deore.
  ⁊ æfter ohte mo{n}nen{;}   þa bezste of mine cunne.                200

    [Linenote:
    197. _don ḍoṇ_ MS.]

      þe ȝet spac hengest{;}   cniht alre hendest.
      louerd nou ich wolle{;}   don al þine wille.
      Nou ich wolle bliue{;}   sende after mine wifue.

  And þu ȝif me swa muchel lond{;}
          to stonden a mire aȝere ho{n}d.
  Swa wule anes bule hude{;}   Ælches weies ouer{}spræden.
  feor from ælche castle{;}   amidden ane ualde.
  þen{n}e ne mai þe atwite{;}   þe hæne ne þe riche.
  þ̵ þu æi hæhne | burhȝe{;}
          hæðene monne habbe bi{}tæht.                  [f. 83v²     205

      And þou ȝef me so mochel lond{;}   to stonde on min owe hond.
      Ase wole a Bole hude{;}   in grene ouer{}sprede.
      For fram eche Castle{;}   a{}midde one felde.
      þanne ne mai þe atwite{;}   þe pore no þe riche.
      þat þou eni heh Borh{;}   heþene Man bi{}takest.

  Þe king him iȝette{;}   swa hengest ȝirnde.
  Hengest nom læue{;}   ⁊ forð he gon liðe.
  ⁊ æfter his wiue sende sonde{;}   to his aȝene lo{n}de.
  ⁊ he seolf wende ȝeond þis lo{n}d{;}
          to sechen ænne bræ[d]ne fæld.
  þer he mihte wel spræde{;}   On his feire hude.                    210
  He com æn enne ende{;}   In enne fæire uelde.
  he hafde ane hude{;}   bi{}ȝite to his neode.
  o ane wilde bule{;}   þe wes wunder ane strong.

    [Linenote:
    207. _nom_ corr. out of _mom_.]

      And þe ki{n}g him ȝaf{;}   þat lutel þat he ȝornde.
      Hengest nam lefue{;}   and forþ he gan wende.
      And after his wifue he sende sonde{;}   to his owene londe.
      And him seolf wende{;}   oueral to bi{}holde.
      ware he mihte wel sprede{;}   his Bole hude.

  He hæfden ænne wisne mon{;}   þe wel cuðe a craften.
  þe nom þas hude{;}   ⁊ a bord leide.                               215
  and whætte his særes{;}   alse he schæren wolde.
  Of þere hude he kærf enne þwong{;}   swiðe s{m}al ⁊ swiðe long.
  Nes þe þwong noht swiðe bræd{;}   buten swulc a twines þræd.
  þa al islit wes þe þong{;}   He wes wunder ane long.

    [Linenote:
    217. _swal_ MS.]

      Hengest hadde one wisneman{;}   þat wel couþe of crafte.
      He nam þeos bole hude{;}   and a borde laide.
      þar of he makede ane þwang{;}   swiþe smal and swiþe lang.
      Nas þe þwang noht brod   bote ase hit were a twined þred.      218

        [Linenote:
        218. _atwined_ MS.]

  a{}buten he bilæde{;}   muche del of londe.                        220
  He bigon to deluen{;}   dic swiðe muchele.
  þer{}uppe stenene wal{;}   þe wes strong oueral.
  ane burh he arerde{;}   muchele ⁊ mare.
  Þa þe burh we{s} al ȝare{;}   þa scop he hire nome.
  he hæhte heo ful iwis{;}   KaeR{}Carrai an Bruttisc.               225
  ⁊ ænglis | ce cnihtes{;}   heo Cleopeden þwong{}Chastre.      [f. 84r¹
  Nu and auere mare{;}   þe nome sto[n]deð þere.
  ⁊ for nan odere gome{;}   næueden þæ burh þene nome.

    [Linenote:
    224. _wes_] _wel_ MS.]

      A{}boute þar{}mid he leide{;}   moche deal of londe.
      He lette þo delue{;}   on euerech halue.
      þar vppe stonene wal{;}   swiþe | strong oueral.          [f. 67r²
      ane castel he arerde{;}   fair to bi{}holde.
      þo þe Borh was al ȝarue{;}   þo sette he hire name.
      he hehte hire foliwis{;}   Caẏr{}Karri in Bruttesse.
      and Englisse cnihtes{;}   Þwangchestre.
      Nou and euere more{;}   þe name stondeþ þ[are].

  a þet come densce men{;}   and driuen ut þa bruttes.
  þene þridde nome heo þer sætte{;}   ⁊ lane{}castel hine hæhten.    230
  ⁊ for swulche gomen{;}   þæ tun hafde þas þreo nomen.
  Vnder þan com liðen hider{;}   hengestes wif mid hire scipen.
  heo hæfde to iueren{;}   fiftene hu{n}d{r}ed ridern.
  mid hire come{n} to iwiten{;}   muchele æhtene scipen.
  þer comen inne{;}   muchel of hengestes cunne.                     235

    [Linenote:
    233. _hūd’ed_ MS.]

      forte þat Dence men   driuen vt þe cnihtes.
      þane þridde name þar sette{;}   and leane Castel hine cleopede.
      vnder þan com liþe hider{;}   Hengestes wif mid hire sipes.
      ȝeo hadde to ivere{;}   fiftene hundred Rideres.

  ⁊ Rouwe{n} his dohter{;}   þe him we`s´ swide deore.
  Hit wes umbe{}while{;}   þ̵ com þe ilke time.
  þ̵ iȝarked wes þa burh{;}   mid þan alre bezste.
  He{n}gest com to þan kinge{;}   ⁊ bad him gistninge.
  ⁊ seide þ̵ he hafde an in{;}   Iȝarked to{}ȝeines him.              240
  ⁊ bad þat he come þer{}to{;}
          ⁊ he scolde beon fæire under{}fon.

      And Rowen his dohter{;}   þat was him swiþe deore.
      Hit was bi on wile{;}   þat com þe ilke time.
      þat `i´ȝarked was þe borh{;}   mid þan alre beste.
      And Hengest wende to þan kinge{;}   and bad hine to gẏstni{n}ge.
      And seide þat he hadde on In{;}   hi{}makede to{}ȝenes him.

  ⁊ þe king him ȝette{;}   swa hengest hit wolde.
  Hit com to þan time{;}   þ̵ þe king gon forð liðe.
  Mið þan deoreste monnen{;}   of alle his duȝeðe.
  forð he gon buȝen{;}   | þ̵ he to burh com.            [f. 84r²     245
  he bi{}heold þene wal{;}   up and dun ouer{}al.
  al him wel likede{;}   þ̵ he o{n} lokede.
  He wende in to halle{;}   ⁊ his heleðes mid him alle.
  Bemen heo bleowen{;}   gome{n} men gunnen cleopien.

      And þe king him grantede{;}   alse Hengest wolde.
      Forþ hii gonne wende{;}   þat hii come to þan ende.
      þe king bi{}heold þane wal{;}   vp and dun oueral.
      Al him wel likede{;}   þat he on lokede.
      He wende in to halle{;}   and his cnihtes mid him alle.

  Bord heo hetten breden{;}   cnihtes setten þer to.                 250
  heo æten heo drunken{;}   dræm wes iburhȝen.
  þa þe duȝeðe hafde iȝeten{;}   þa wes heom þa bet iloten.
  Hængest eode in to þan inne{;}   þer wunede Rouwenne.
  he heo lette scruden{;}   mid vnime`te´ prude.
  al þ̵ scrud þe heo hafde on{;}   heo weoren {s}wiðe wel ibon.       255
  heo weoren mid þan bezste{;}   ibrusted mid golde.

    [Linenote:
    255. _swiðe_] _iwiðe_ MS.]

      Bordes hii lette sprede{;}   cnihtes þar to sete.
      hii eoten | hii drongken{;}   blisse was a{}mang heom.    [f. 67v¹
      Hengest we{n}de to þe in{n}e{;}   þar Rowenne was hinne.
      he hire lette scrude{;}   mid onimete prude.

  heo bar an hir{e} honde{;}   Ane guldene bolle.
  I{}uulled mid wine{;}   þe wes wunder ane god.
  hæȝe ibore{n}ne men{;}   heo lædden to hallen.
  biuoren þan kinge{;}   f{æi}rest alre þinge.                       260
  Reowen sæt acneowe{;}   ⁊ Cleopede to þan kinge.
  ⁊ þus ærest sæide{;}   In ænglene londe.
  lauerd king wæs hæil{;}   for þine kime ich æm uæin.
  Þe king þis ihærde{;}   ⁊ nuste what heo seide.

    [Linenote:
    260. _farrest_ MS.]

      Ȝeo bar in hire hond{;}   ane goldene bolle.
      Hi{}fulled mid w[i]ne{;}   ne mihte non be rich[ere].
      Hehȝe ibore me{n}{;}   hire ladde in to halle.
      bi{}vore þan kinge{;}   fairest alle þing.
      Rowenne sat a cnouwe{;}   and seide to þa{n} kinge.
      þus erest ȝeo spac{;}   in Englene lond.
      Louerd king wassaẏl{;}   for * þine comes me beoþ hail.
      Þe ki{n}g hit ihorde{;}   and nuste wat ȝeo saide.

        [Linenote:
        258. _wine: richere_] MS. defective here.]

  þe king vortigerne{;}   fræinede his cnihtes sone.                 265
  what weoren þat speche{;}   þe þ̵ maide spilede.
  Þa andswere | de Keredic{;}   a cniht swiðe sellic.           [f. 84v¹
  he wes þe bezste latimer{;}   þat ær com her.
  lust me nu lauerd king{;}   ⁊ ich þe wulle cuðen.
  whæt seið Rouwenne{;}   fæirest wimmonnen.                         270
  Hit beoð tiðende{;}   Inne sæxe{}londe.
  whær swa æi duȝeðe{;}   gladieð of drenche{;}

    [Linenote:
    272. _gladẹieð_ MS.]

      þe king vortigerne{;}   haxede his cnihte`s´.
      wat were þe speche{;}   þat þe maide speke.
      Þo answerede{;} Keþereh{;}   cniht mid þe wisest.
      he was þe beste latimer{;}   þat euere wone[de] her.           268
      Lust nou mi louerd king{;}   and ich þe wolle cuðen.
      wat seiþ Rowenne{;}   fairest of al wommanne.
      Hit his þe wone{;}   Ine sax{}londe.

        [Linenote:
        268. _wone_ MS.]

  þat freond sæiðe to freonde{;}   Mid fæire loten hende.
  leofue freond wæs hail{;}   þe oðer sæið drinc hail.
  þe ilke þat halt þene nap{;}   he hine drinkeð up.                 275
  oder uul me þideR fareð{;}   ⁊ bi{}techeð his iuere{n}.
  þenne þat uul beoð icumen{;}   þenne cusseoð heo þreoien.
  þis beoð sele laȝen{;}   Inne saxe{}londe.
  ⁊ Inne alemaine{;}   heo beoð ihalden aðele.

    [Linenotes:
    273. _sæiðe_] _ð_ corr. out of _d_. || 276. _bi{}thecheð_ MS.]

      þat freond saiþ to his freond{;}   wane he sal [dri]nge.
      leofue freond wassail{;}   þe oþer saiþ dringhail.
      þe ilke þat halt þane nap{;}   þane dringe dringþ vp.          275
      And aȝ[ein]es me hine fulþ{;}   and takeþ his ivere.
      Þis beoþ þe | lawes{;}   ine sax{}londe.                  [f. 67v²

        [Linenotes:
        273. _dringe_]; 276 _aȝeines_] MS. defective here.]

  Þis iherde uortiger{;}   of alche{n} uuele he wes war.             280
  ⁊ seide hit an bruttisc{;}   ne cuðe he nan ænglisc.
  maiden Rouwenne{;}   drinc bluðeliche þenne.
  Þat maide dronc up þat win{;}   ⁊ lette don oðer þer{}in.
  ⁊ bi{}tæhten þan kinge{;}   ⁊ þrien hine custe.
  ⁊ þurh þa ilke leode{n}{;}   þa laȝen comen to þissen londe.       285
  wæs{}hail ⁊ drinc{}hæil.   moni mon þer{}of is fain{;}
  Rouwenne þe hende{;}   sat bi þan kinge.
  þe king heo ȝeorne biheold{;}   heo was him an heorte leof.
  ofte he heo custe{;}   ofte he heo clupte.
  Al his mod ⁊ his main{;}   halde to þan mæidene.                   290

    [Linenote:
    280. _alchel_ MS.]

      þis ihorde vortiger{;}   of eche vuele he was war.
      And saide hit on Bruttesse{;}   ne couþe he noht on Œnglisse.
      Maẏde Rowenne{;}   dring bloþeliche þanne.
      Þat maide drong vt þat win{;}   and lette don oþer þar{}in.
      And bi{}tahte þan kinge{;}   and he hit vp swipte.
      And þorh þisne ilke game{;}   þe lawe come to londe.
      wassaẏl and dring{}haẏl{;}   þat mani me{n} lofuieþ.
      Þe faire Rowenne{;}   sat bi þan kinge.
      þe king hire ȝeorne bi{}heold{;}   ȝeo was him leof on heorte.
      Ofte he hire custe{;}   and ofte he hire clupte.

  Þe wurse wes þer | ful neh{;}
          þe in ælche gomene iS ful ræh.                        [f. 84v²
  þe wurse ne dude næuere god{;}   he mæingde þas kinge`s´ mod.
  he murnede ful swiðe{;}   to habben þat mæide{n} to wiue.
  Þat wes swide ladlic þing{;}   þat þe cristine king.
  luuede þat haðene maide{;}   leoden to hærme.                      295
  þ̵ maiden wes þan kinge leof{;}   æfne alse his aȝene lif.

      Þe worse was þare wel neh{;}   þat to soche game his wel sleh.
      þe worse þat neuere ne doþ god{;}   he meẏnde þare þes kinges mod
      þe king mornede swiþe{;}   for habbe hire to wifue.
      þat was swiþe loþlich þing{;}   þat þe cristene king.
      louede þat Maide heaþene{;}   folk to harme.

  he bad hengest his dring{;}   ȝiuen him þat maide child.
  He{n}gest funde an his ræd{;}   to don þ̵ þe king him bed.
  he ȝef him Rouwenne{;}   wimmon swiðe hende.

      To Hengest bad þe king{;}   þat he þat maide ȝefue him.
      Hengest funde on his Reade{;}   don þat þe king him beade.
      He ȝef him Rowenne{;}   womman swiþe hende.



XV. ORM

THE ORMULUM

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Junius 1, Bodleian Library, Oxford: an oblong folio, written in double
columns on 118 leaves of parchment varying considerably in size, the
largest being 508 × 200 mm.; about 1210 A.D., and an autograph, but
corrected by a second and third hand.”]]


[[Further detail from Notes volume:

“Orm supplemented the current graphic methods by devices of his own.
Thus he systematically doubled a consonant after a short vowel in a
closed syllable, so tunnderrstanndenn 109. Whether he meant thereby
to indicate shortness of the vowel or length of the consonant is
disputed.... Where the consonant after an open syllable is in fact
short, Orm often places a breve over the preceding short vowel....
Likewise he uses very seldom an almost horizontal accent to indicate
vowel length, as á 174, but more frequently, as if to emphasize his
warning against possible error, doubles it ... even for greater
insistence trebles it ... mostly before final t.

“Furthermore, Orm invented a special symbol {g} with a flat top
projecting on both sides for the guttural stop g, reserving the
continental g for the dzh sound in such words as egge (edge), leggen,
seggen: the latter occurs in this extract only in gluternesse 167, and
that by mistake.”]]


[[In the e-text, ordinary capital G was used for capital insular g (ᵹ)
because font support for the correct form Ᵹ (hex A77D) is extremely
limited. The printed linenotes almost always use yogh (ȝ) for insular
g (ᵹ), and plain g for Orm’s unique {g}.

In this selection, all lines have been split at the caesura for length,
with the second half shown deeply indented.]]


  ++Forrþrihht anan se iesu crist.
          Wass borenn off hiss moderr{;}
  ᵹho wand hi{mm} sone iwinndeclū́t.
          ⁊ leᵹᵹde himm inn a`n´ cribbe.
  Acc uss birrþ wĭtenn þ̵ he warrþ.
          All wiþþ hiss aᵹhenn wille.
  Vnnorne. ⁊ wrecche ⁊ usell child{;}
          Inn ure mennisscnesse :
  Forr þ̵ he wollde inn heffness ærd{;}
          Vss alle makenn riche.                           5
  ¶ ⁊ he þ̵ all þiss middellærd.
          Onn alle wise shrideþþ{;}
  He wollde wundenn | ben forr uss.                 [f. 34v¹
          I wrecche wi{nn}de clutess.
  Forr þ̵ he wollde shridenn uss{;}
          Wiþþ hefennlike wæde·
  ¶ ⁊ he þ̵ all þiss werelld shop·
          ⁊ alle shaffte stereþþ{;}
  He lēt hi{mm} baþe bindenn her.
          Wiþþ bandess fēt ⁊ hande{;}                     10
  Forr þ̵ he wollde unnbindenn uss.
          Off hellepiness bandess.
  ¶ ⁊ heffne. ⁊ lifft. ⁊ land. ⁊ sæ.
          Wiþþ {g}oddcunndnesse filleþþ{;}
  Þatt illke child. tatt tær wass leᵹᵹd.
          Inn an full naru cribbe{;}
  Forr þ̵ he wollde ᵹifenn uss.
          All heffness rume riche.

    [Linenotes:
    5. _heffness_] erasure of _o_ after _he_; so also in
    _hefennlike_, l. 8; _werelld_, l. 9, &c.; see notes. ||
    13. _full naru_ over an erasure.]

  ¶ ⁊ he þ̵ fedeþþ enn{g}le þed.
          ⁊ alle cwike shaffte{;}                         15
  He laᵹᵹ all alls hiss wille wass.
          Biforenn asse i cribbe.
  Swa summ he wære ᵹifenn hi{mm}{;}
          To wurrþenn hi{mm} to fode.
  Forr þ̵ he wollde brinn{g}enn uss{;}
          Vpp inntill heffness blisse.
  ⁊ ᵹifenn uss hi{mm} sellfenn þær{;}
          Wiþþ enn{g}less eche fode.
  ¶ Þuss {g}odess sune allmahhtiᵹ {g}odd{;}
          Warrþ wrecche mann onn erþe.                    20
  Forr swa to bri{nn}genn mann{}kinn onn{;}
          To ᵹernenn afft{err} litell.
  Forr þ̵ he lufeþþ alle þa{;}
          þ̵ hise laᵹhess haldenn.
  ⁊ lufenn forr þe lufe off hi{mm}{;}
          To libbenn her onn erþe.
  Full wrecchelike inn uselldom{;}
          Off metess. ⁊ off claþess.
  ¶ ⁊ tatt te laferrd iesu crist.
          Wass leᵹᵹd inn asse cribbe.                     25
  Þatt tacneþþ uss. þ̵ he co{mm} her.
          To wurrþenn mann onn erþe.
  Wiþþ mannkinn. þ̵ wass stunnt. ⁊ dill{;}
          ⁊ skill læs swa su{mm} asse.
  ¶ ⁊ asse. þohh itt litell be.
          Itt hafeþþ mikell afell.
  To berenn upp well mikell sæm{;}
          Giff mann itt doþ þæronne.
  ⁊ swa wass neh all follc þ̵ daᵹᵹ.
          Þatt c{ri}st co{mm} her to manne.               30
  Neh all itt wass þa strang inoh.
          To þewwtenn laþe {g}astess.
  To berenn upp þ̵ laþe sæm{;}
          To don all þeᵹᵹre wille.
  ¶ ⁊ þurrh þ̵ {g}odd wass wurrþenn mann.
          Forr ure miccle nede{;}
  Þurrh þ̵ wass he. `þatt witt tu wel.´
          All wiþþ hiss lefe wille.
  Niþþredd. ⁊ wannsedd wunnderrliᵹ.
          ⁊ laᵹhedd inn hi{mm} | sellfenn.      [f. 34v²  35
  Forr o þ̵ hallf þ̵ he wass mann{;}
          Mann mihhte hi{mm} fon. ⁊ pinenn.
  Wiþþ hāt. ⁊ kald. wiþþ nesshe. ⁊ harrd·
          Wiþþ pine off þrisst. ⁊ hunngerr.
  ⁊ cwellenn himm mann mihhte wel{;}
          Inn ure mennisscnesse.
  ⁊ {g}odd wass wurrþenn swa forr uss{;}
          Gḗt lasse þann an enn{g}ell.
  Forr mann ne maᵹᵹ nohht enn{g}ell sen{;}
          Ne tăkenn hi{mm} ne bindenn.                    40
  Ne pinenn hi{mm}. ne cwellenn hi{mm}.
          Forr he ne deᵹeþþ næfre.
  Acc drihhtin {g}odd warrþ her forr þe
          Gēt lasse þann hiss enn{g}ell.
  ⁊ lahᵹhre inoh. forr þi þatt he{;}
          Þe wollde ᵹifenn bisne.
  Þatt te birrþ aᵹᵹ þe sellfenn her{;}
          Þurrh soþ mecnesse laᵹhenn.
  ⁊ lætenn swiþe unorneliᵹ{;}
          ⁊ litell off þe sellfenn.                       45

    [Linenotes:
    34. _þatt witt tu wel_ substituted at bottom of column for _þatt
    seȝȝþ þe boc_ in text. || 37. _kald_ over an erasure. ||
    41. _pinenn_] _i_ over an erasure. || _næfre_] _r_ changed into
    _n_ by erasure. || 42. _godd warrþ_ over an erasure. ||
    45. _unorneliȝ_ with erasure over the first _n_.]


  ¶ ++Þatt hirdess wokenn o þ̵at nahht.
          Þatt crist wass borenn onne{;}
  Þatt wass swa su{mm} hiss wille wass.
          Forr þ̵ itt shollde tacnenn.
  Þatt he forr{}þi wass wurrþenn mann{;}
          Forr þ̵ he wollde sammnenn.
  An flocc off menn till cristenndom{;}
          ⁊ till þe rihhte læfe.
  Þatt sholldenn wurrþenn hise shep{;}
          Þurrh here unnshaþiᵹnesse.                      50
  ⁊ sholldenn habbenn oferr he{mm}{;}
          Bisscopess. prestess. dæcness
  Forr þ̵ teᵹᵹ sholldenn hirdess ben{;}
          To ᵹemenn he{mm}. ⁊ {g}ætenn.
  ⁊ ec forr þ̵ he wollde ben.
          Himm sellf ūt numenn hirde.
  Swa þ̵ he wollde hiss aᵹhenn lif{;}
          Forr hise shep forrlætenn.
  ¶ Þatt {g}odess enn{g}ell co{mm} o nihht.
          Swa su{mm} ðe {g}oddspell kiþeþþ.               55
  To spekenn wiþþ{}þa wake menn.
          Þatt wokenn heore faldess{;}
  ⁊ tatt he comm þ̵ nihht till he{mm}.
          Wiþþ heoffness lihht. ⁊ leome.
  ⁊ tatt teᵹᵹ wærenn forr þ̵ lihht.
          ⁊ forr ðatt enn{g}less sihhþe.
  Forr dredde swiþe fasste anan.
          Swa summ þe {g}oddspell kiþeþþ{;}
  ⁊ ec þatt {g}odess enn{g}ell toc.
          To frofrenn he{mm} wiþþ worde.                  60
  All þ̵ wass don | þurrh iesu c{ri}st.              [f. 35r¹
          Forr mikell þin{g} to tacnenn.
  ¶ Itt tacneþþ uss þatt ure {g}odd.
          Well offte senndeþþ enn{g}less.
  Inn till þiss middell{}ærd. tatt iss.
          All full off þesst{err}nesse :
  Þatt iss off all þ̵ ifell iss{;}
          Inn alle kinne sinne{;}
  Itt tacneþþ þ̵ he senndeþþ hemm{;}
          Inn till þiss þeossterrnesse.                   65
  To frofrenn þa þ̵ wakenn wel{;}
          Onnᵹæness laþe {g}astess.
  ⁊ stanndenn inn to shildenn he{mm}{;}
          Fra deofless swikedomess.
  ⁊ all þ̵ flocc þ̵ he{mm} iss sētt{;}
          To ᵹemenn. ⁊ to {g}ætenn.
  To frofrenn swillke senndeþþ {g}odd.
          Enn{g}less. ⁊ hallᵹhe sawless.
  ⁊ aᵹᵹ þeᵹᵹ cumenn dun till þa{;}
          Wiþþ heoffness lihht. ⁊ leome.                  70
  Þatt iss wiþþ witt. ⁊ {g}od innsihht{;}
          Inn alle kinne þin{g}e.
  Forr drihhtin ᵹifeþþ her hiss þeww{;}
          {g}od witt. ⁊ mahht. ⁊ wille.
  To stanndenn ᵹæn þe laþe {g}ast.
          ⁊ ᵹæn all þ̵ he læreþþ.
  Acc aᵹᵹ þeᵹᵹ sinndenn þohh swa þehh{;}
          Well swiþe sare off{}dredde.
  Off domess daᵹᵹes starrke dom{;}
          ⁊ off þe demess irre.                           75
  All all swa su{mm} þa wăke menn{;}
          Well swiþe offdredde wærenn.
  Off heoffness brihhte lihht ⁊ lem {;}
          ⁊ off þ̵ enn{g}less sihhþe.
  Ace hihht. ⁊ hope o drihhtin {g}odd.
          ⁊ onn hiss mildheorrtnesse{;}
  Þatt frofreþþ hemm. ⁊ beldeþþ he{mm}{;}
          To follᵹhenn {g}odess lare.
  To fandenn ᵹiff þeᵹᵹ muᵹhenn swa{;}
          ðe demess are winnenn.                          80
  ⁊ tatt wass uss bitacnedd wel{;}
          Þurrh ðatt tatt {g}odess enn{g}ell.
  Toc sone anan wiþþ milde word{;}
          ða wăke menn to frofrenn.
  For{r} þ̵ he wisste wel þ̵ teᵹᵹ{;}
          Off hi{mm} forrdredde wærenn.
  Forr {g}odess enn{g}ell frofreþþ mann{;}
          Giff þ̵ he seþ hi{mm} færedd.
  Forr {g}odess enn{g}ell iss full mec{;}
          ⁊ soffte. ⁊ milde. ⁊ bliþe.                     85
  ¶ ⁊ defell iss all full off niþ{;}
          ⁊ full off {g}ra{mm}cunndnesse.
  ⁊ full off hĕte towarrd mann{;}
          ⁊ full off modiᵹnesse
  ⁊ ᵹiff he seþ þe mann forrdredd{;}
          He wile hi{mm} skerrenn mare.
  ⁊ ræfenn himm hiss rihhte witt{;}
          ⁊ shetenn inn hiss herrte. |
  Acc whas itt iss þ̵ wæpnedd iss.
          Wiþþ fulle trowwþe o criste{;}        [f. 35r²  90
  Þohh þ̵ he {g}risliᵹ defell seo.
          Niss he rihht nohht forrfæredd.
  ¶ Þatt enn{g}ell seᵹᵹde ðatt he wass{;}
          Þa cumenn forr to kiþenn.
  O {g}odess hallfe þær till he{mm}.
          A`n´ swiþe mikell blisse.
  Þatt shollde ben till all þe follc.
          Þatt seᵹᵹde he forr þ̵ tanne{;}
  Wass cumenn i þiss middellærd.
          Full mikell blisse. ⁊ sellðe.                   95
  Till alle `þa´ þ̵ sholldenn wel{;}
          O {g}odess sune lefenn.
  O iesu c{ri}st. tatt borenn wass.
          þ̵ illke nahht to manne.
  ¶ He seᵹᵹde þ̵ te laferrd crist.
          Wass borenn her to manne.
  Nohht o þe nahht. acc o þe daᵹᵹ.
          Forr mikell þing to tacnenn.
  Forr daᵹᵹess lihht bitacneþþ uss{;}
          All eche lifess blisse                         100
  ⁊ nahht bitacneþþ all þ̵ wa{;}
          Þ̷ iss i{nn} helle pine.
  ⁊ c{ri}st wass borenn i þiss lif{;}
          To lesenn uss off helle.
  Forr þ̵ he wollde ᵹifenn uss{;}
          Wiþþ enn{g}less eche blisse.
  ¶ ⁊ tatt wass uss bitacnedd ec.
          Þurrh þ̵ tatt {g}odess enn{g}ell.
  Wass aww{n}edd till ða wăke menn{;}
          Wiþþ heffness lihht ⁊ leme.                    105
  Forr {g}odess sune iesu crist{;}
          Wass wurrþenn mann onn erþe.
  To ᵹifenn heoffness lihht. ⁊ lem{;}
          Þ̷ follc. þ̵ shollde hi{mm} follᵹhenn.

    [Linenote:
    105. _awwredd_ in MS.]

  ¶ Þatt {g}odd all{}mahhtiᵹ wurrþenn wass.
          Gun{g} child i{nn} ure ki{n}de.
  ⁊ wrecche child. off wrecche kinn{;}
          ðatt doþ uss tunnderrstanndenn.
  Þatt uss birrþ mikell lufenn crist.
          ⁊ lofenn hi{mm} ⁊ wurrþenn.                    110
  Off þatt he wollde hi{mm} sellfenn swa{;}
          Forr ure lufe laᵹhenn.
  ⁊ off þatt he warrþ wrecche mann{;}
          Forr uss to makenn riche.
  Wiþþ enn{g}less upp inn heoffness ærd{;}
          Wiþþ{}utenn ende i blisse.
  Annd þurrh þ̵ tatt tær awwnedd wass.
          An here off {g}odess enn{g}less.
  Þatt time þ̵ te laferrd crist.
          Wass borenn her to manne{;}                    115
  Þurrh þ̵ wass uss don þær full wel.
          To sen. ⁊ tunnderrstanndenn.
  Þatt enn{g}less stanndenn aᵹᵹ occ aᵹᵹ.
          To lofenn {g}odd ⁊ wurrþenn.
  ¶ ⁊ þurrh þ̵ illke wass uss ec.                    [f. 35v¹
          Don full wel tunnderrstanndenn.
  Þatt uss birrþ lofenn drihhtin aᵹᵹ{;}
          Wiþþ innwarrd herrtess tunge.
  ⁊ þannkenn hi{mm} þ̵ miccle {g}od{;}
          Þatt he doþ uss onn erþe.                      120
  ¶ ⁊ þurrh þ̵ illke wass uss ec.
          Don full wel tunnderrstanndenn.
  Þatt crist all enn{g}le þede ki{n}{g}.
          Wass borenn her to manne.
  Alls iff he ᵹæn þe laþe {g}ast.
          Wiþþ hĕre wollde fihhtenn.
  To winnenn adam. ⁊ hiss kinn{;}
          V̋t off þe defless walde.
  ⁊ settenn enn{g}less oferr he{mm}{;}
          To ᵹemenn he{mm} ⁊ {g}ætenn.                   125
  ⁊ forr to shildenn hemm onn{}ᵹæn{;}
          ðe deofless laþe wiless.

    [Linenote:
    124. _walde_] After _l_, _l_ erased.]

  ¶ Annd {g}odess enn{g}less wærenn þa{;}
          Well swiþe glade wurrþenn.
  Off ðatt tatt {g}odd wass wurrþenn mann.
          Forr þ̵ teᵹᵹ wisstenn alle.
  Þatt teᵹᵹre {g}en{g}e shollde ben{;}
          Wiþþ {g}ode sawless ekedd.
  ⁊ wurrþedd ec. ⁊ all forrþi{;}
          Þeᵹᵹ wærenn swiþe bliþe.                       130
  ⁊ all forr þi þeᵹᵹ sun{g}enn þa.
          ðiss san{g} wiþþ mikell blisse.
  Si drihhtin upp inn heffness ærd{;}
          Wurrþshipe. ⁊ loff. ⁊ wullderr.
  ⁊ upp{}onn erþe {g}riþþ. ⁊ friþþ{;}
          Þurrh {g}odess mildherrtnesse.
  Till iwhillc mann þ̵ habbenn shall{;}
          {g}od herte ⁊ `aᵹᵹ´ {g}od wille.

    [Linenote:
    134. _aᵹᵹ_ added in margin and _god_ corrected out of _gode_,
    so too in ll. 147, 154.]

  ¶ Þiss sun{g}enn þeᵹᵹ. forr{}þi þ̵ teᵹᵹ.
          Full wel þær unnderrstodenn.                   135
  Þatt teᵹᵹre {g}en{g}e shollde ben{;}
          Þurrh hallᵹhe sawles. ekedd.
  Þurrh whatt biforenn drihhtin {g}odd·
          Giff þ̵ itt waxenn mihhte.
  Wurrþshipe ⁊ wullderr shollde ben{;}
          Swa su{mm} itt waxenn wære.
  ⁊ ec forr þatt teᵹᵹ wisstenn wel.
          Þatt {g}odd co{mm} her to manne.
  Forr þ̵ he wollde {g}riþþ ⁊ friþþ.
          ⁊ soþ sahhtnesse settenn.                      140
  Bitwenenn drihhtin heffness king{;}
          ⁊ mannkinn her onn erþe.
  Þatt mann kinn shollde muᵹhenn wel{;}
          Vpp cumenn i{nn} till heffne.
  Þatt heffness here mihhte swa{;}
          Þurrh hallᵹhe sawless waxenn.
  Þurrh whatt bi{}forenn drihhtin {g}odd{;}
          Wurrþshipe waxenn shollde.
  Giff þ̵ himm mihhte waxenn ohht{;}
          ⁊ wurrþenn bettre ⁊ mare.                      145
  ¶ Þatt {g}riþþ wass sett till alle þa.
          Swa su{mm} þe {g}oddspell kiþeþþ.
  Þatt sholl | denn wurrþenn {g}ode{}menn{;}
          ⁊ habbenn `aᵹᵹ´ {g}od{}wille.             [f. 35v²
  Till þa þ̵ sholldenn unnderrfon{;}
          Wiþþ blisse cristess come.
  ⁊ nohht till þa þ̵ sholldenn hi{mm}{;}
          Forrhoᵹhenn ⁊ forrwerrpenn.
  Forr niss nohht {g}odess {g}riþþ wiþþ þa{;}
          Þ̷ wiþþrenn {g}odd onn{}ᵹæness.                150
  Acc helle wawenn iss till þa{;}
          All afft{err} þeᵹᵹre wrihhte.
  ¶ ⁊ her mann unnderrstanndenn maᵹᵹ{;}
          Whillc mann iss drihhtin cweme.
  Þatt illke mann iss drihhtin lef{;}
          Þ̷ hafeþþ {g}ode wille.
  Forr wha{}se itt iss þatt illke mann
          Þatt hafeþþ `aᵹᵹ´ {g}od wille
  Þatt illke mann ne sinnᵹheþþ nohht.
          Ne {g}illteþþ hise þannkess.                   155
  Ne towarrd {g}odd· ne towarrd mann{;}
          Giff þ̵ he maᵹᵹ hi{mm} lokenn.
  ⁊ ᵹiff þ̵ iss þ̵ he missdoþ.
          Onn aniᵹ kinne wise{;}
  Itt reweþþ hi{mm}. ⁊ sone anan{;}
          He sta{nn}t itt inn to betenn.

  ¶ Þatt {g}odess e{nn}{g}ell co{mm} o nahht.
          Wiþþ heffness lihht onn erþe{;}
  Þatt tacneþþ þ̵ tiss middellærd.
          Wass full off þessterrnesse.                   160
  Þurrh illkess kinness hæþenndom.
          Inn iwhillc unnclænnesse{;}
  Þatt time þ̵ te laferrd crist.
          Wass borenn her to manne.
  To ᵹifenn heffness lihht. ⁊ lem{;}
          Þ̷ follc þ̵ shollde hi{mm} cwemenn.

    [Linenote:
    159. _enngell comm o nahht_ over an erasure.]

  ¶ ⁊ tatt tatt enn{g}ell nohht ne co{mm}.
          Till kin{g}ess ne till erless.
  Ne till þ̵ laþe riche flocc.
          Þatt follᵹheþþ modiᵹnesse{;}                   165
  Þatt doþ uss tunnderrstanndenn wel{;}
          Þ̷ drihhtin {g}odd forrwerrpeþþ.
  All modiᵹleᵹᵹc. ⁊ {g}reditleᵹᵹc :
          ⁊ irre. ⁊ gluterrnesse.
  ⁊ all þ̵ follᵹheþþ horedom.
          ⁊ swikedom onn erþe.
  Þatt mann maᵹᵹ findenn allre mast.
          I þa þ̵ sinndenn riche.
  þatt {g}odess enn{g}ell awwnedd wass.
          In aness weress hewe{;}                        170
  Þatt wass forr{}þi þ̵ enn{g}ell maᵹᵹ.
          Wiþþ hiss drihhtiness wille.
  Hi{mm} awwnenn alls he wære a mann.
          I manness limess alle.
  I bodiᵹ. þ̵ he doþ hi{mm} inn{;}
          Off hefennlike kinde.
  ¶ `⁊ {g}odd wiþþ enn{g}less gife uss. á.
          To brukenn heffness blisse.´
  Am{æn}.

    [Linenotes:
    170. _þatt_] between _þ_ and _a_ an erasure. || 174. Added
    lengthwise on the margin.]



XVI. SAWLES WARDE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“i. Bodleian 34, Oxford (B); on vellum, 165 × 120 mm.; written in one
hand throughout about 1210 A.D.... It has lost two leaves after f. 80,
which is very faint and defective. Entries in fourteenth-century hands
connect it with Ledbury, Godstow, and Magna Coworne (Much Cowarne) in
Herefordshire. The text is printed from this manuscript up to its end at
127/4.

“The writing is sometimes difficult to decipher; the letters are often
crowded and hesitating, a, e, o are sometimes hard to distinguish.
Doubts are permissible in the following cases, hwen _or_ hwon 118/24,
ihaten _or_ ihoten 37, hondon _or_ honden 51; in sent 55, the last
letter wavers between t and d; in ȝemelese 56, ȝ appears to have been
corrected out of g; after mei 60, there is a half-formed c; under the
second o of preoouin 72, there is what looks like a casual pen mark,
not a dot of erasure; in seoueuald 287, d is corrected out of t, or the
reverse.

“ii. Royal 17 A 27, British Museum (R); on vellum, 160 × 117 mm.; early
thirteenth century. Has all the pieces in B except Hali Meidenhad, with
the addition of an incomplete copy of the Oreisun of Seinte Marie
(printed in OEH i., p. 305). This manuscript supplies the end here from
127/4.

“iii. Cotton Titus D 18, British Museum (T). See [IX, Ancrene Wisse].”]]


[Headnote: Si Sciret Paterfamilias]

+her bigineð{;} sawles warde.+                                   [f. 72r

_++Si sciret paterfamilias q{ua} hora fur uent{ur}us e{ss}et{;}
vigilaret utiq{ue} ⁊ no{n} sineret p{er}fodi domu{m} sua{m}._
+U+re lau{er}d i þe godspel teacheð us þurh abisne. hu we ahen
wearliche to biwiten us seoluen wið þe unwiht of helle. ⁊ wið
his wernches. {5} ȝef þes lau{er}d wiste he seið. hwenne ⁊ hwuch
time. þe þeof walde cume to his hus{;} he walde wakien. ne nalde
he nawt þolien þe þeof forte breoken hire. +Þ+is hus þe ure
lau{er}ð spekeð of{;} is seolf þe mon inwið þe monnes wit. I þis
hus. is þe huse lau{er}d. ant te fulitohe wif{;} mei beon wil
ihaten. þ̵ ga þe hus eft{er} hire{;} ha diht hit al to
wundre. {10} bute wit ase lau{er}d chasti hire þe bet{er}e. ⁊
bi{}neome hire muchel of þ̵ ha walde. ant tah walde al hire hird
folhin hire ouer al{;} gef wit ne forbude ham. for alle hit beoð
untohene. ⁊ rechelese hinen{;} bute ȝef he ham rihte. Ant
hwucche beoð þeos hinen{;} Su{m}me beoð wið{}vten. ⁊ su{m}me wið
in{}nen. þeo wið{}vten beoð.

þe monnes fif {15} wittes. Sihðe. ⁊ heru{n}ge. smechunge. ⁊
smeallunge. ⁊ euch limes felunge. þeos beoð hinen vnder wit. as
under huse lau{er}d. ⁊ hwer se he is ȝemeles{;} nis hare nan þe
ne feareð ofte untoheliche. ⁊ gulteð ilome. oðer ifol
semblant{;} oder in vuel dede. In wið beoð his hinen. in se moni
mislich þonc to cwemen wel þe husewif{;} aȝein godes {20} wille.
⁊ swerieð somet reaðliche. þ̵ eft{er} hire hit schal [f. 72v]
gan. þah we hit ne here nawt{;} we mahen `iþþlen´ hare nurhð. ⁊
hare untohe bere. a þet hit cume forð. ⁊ ba wið eie. ⁊ wið luue
tuhte ham þe bet{er}e. Ne bið neau{er} his hus for þeos hinen
wel iwist. for hwen þ̵ he slepe. oðer ohwider from hame. þ̵ is
hwen mon forȝet his wit. {25} ⁊ let ham i{}wurðen. ah ne bihoueð
hit nawt. þ̵ tis hus beo irobbet. for þer is inne þe tre[sor] þ̵
godd ȝef him seolf fore. þ̵ is monnes sawle. forte breoke þis
hus eft{er} þis tresor. þ̵ godd bohte mid his deað. ⁊ lette lif
o rode{;} is moni þeof a{}buten ba bi dei ⁊ bi niht. vnseheliche
gasttes wið alle unwreaste þeawes. ⁊ a{}ȝein euch god þeaw. þe
biwiteð {30} iþis hus godes deore castel . vnder wittes wissunge
þ̵ is huse lau{er}d. is eau{er} hire unþeaw forte sechen
inȝong{e} abute þe wahes to a{}murðrin hire þrinne. þ̵ heaued
þrof is þe feont. þe meistreð ham alle aȝeines him ⁊ his keis.
þe husebonde þ̵ is wit. warneð his hus þ{us}. vre lau{er}d haueð
ileanett him froure of his dehtren. þ̵ beoð to {35} vnderstonden
þe fowr heaued þeawes. þe earste is warschipe icleopet. ant te
oþer is ihaten gasteli`c´h strengðe. ⁊ te þridde is meað.
rihtwisnesse þe feorðe.

    [Linenotes:
   17. _hwer_] _r_ over _ṭ_. || 37. After _gastelich_, _e_ erased.]

+W+it þe husbonde godes cunestable cleopeð warschipe [f. 73r]
forð. ⁊ makid hire durewart. þe warliche loki hwam ha leote in ⁊
ut. ⁊ of feor bihalde alle þe cuminde. hwuch beo wurðe {40}
inȝong{e} to habben{;} oðer beon bisteke{n} þrute. Strengðe
stont nest hire. þ̵ ȝef ei wule in{;} warschipes vn{}þonkes.
warni strengðe fore. þ̵ is hire suster{;} ⁊ heo hit ut warpe. þe
þridde sust{er} þ̵ is meað. hire he makeð meistre ou{er} his
willesfule hirð þ̵ we ear of speken. þ̵ ha leare ham mete . þ̵
me meosure hat. þe middel of twa uueles . for {45} þ̵ is þeaw in
euch stude ⁊ tuht forte halden. ⁊ hateð ham alle þ̵ nan of ham
aȝein hire{;} nohwer wid vnmeoð{;} ne ga ou{er} mete. þe feorðe
suster rihtwisnesse. sit on hest as deme . ⁊ beateð þeo þe
aȝulteð. ⁊ cruneð þeo þe wel doð. ⁊ demeð euchan his dom eft{er}
his rihte. for dret of hire nimeð his hirð euch eft{er} þ̵ he is
warde to witene . þe {50} ehnen hare. þe muð his. þe earen hare.
þe hondon hare. ⁊ euch alswa of þe oþre wit þ̵ onont him ne
schal nan un{}þeaw cumen iN.


++As þis is ido þus. ⁊ is al stille þrinne{;} warschipe þ̵ áá is
waker is offearet lest sum for{}truste him. ⁊ feole o{}slepe. ⁊
forȝeme his warde. ⁊ sent ham. in a sonde. þ̵ ha wel cnaweð. of
feorren icumen. forte {55} offearen þeo þe beoð [f. 73v] ou{er}
hardi. ⁊ þeo þe ȝemelese beoð{;} halden ham wakere. he is
underuon in. ⁊ swiðe bihalden of ha{m} alle. for lonc he is. ⁊
leane. ⁊ his leor deaðlich. ⁊ blac ⁊ elheowet. ⁊ euch her
þunc`h´eð þ̵ stont in his heaued up{;} warschipe hat hi{m}
tellen biuoren. hwet he beo ⁊ hweonene he co{m}me ⁊ hwet he þer
seche. Ne mei {60} ich he seið. nohwer speoken. bute ich habbe
god lust{;} lustnið me þenne. fearlac ich hatte. ant am deaðes
sonde. ⁊ deaðes munegunge. ⁊ am icumen biuore hire to warnin ow
of hire cume. warschipe þ̵ best con bisetten hire wordes. ⁊ ec
hire werkes{;} spekeð for ham alle. ⁊ freineð hweonene he cume.
⁊ hwuch hird ha leade. fearlac {65} hire ontswereð. Ich nat nawt
þe time{;} for ha ne seide hit me nawt. ah eau{er} lokið hwenne.
for hire wune is to cumen bi stale ferliche ⁊ unmundlunge hwen
me least weneð. of hire hird þ̵ tu easkest.

    [Linenote:
    58. Before _leane_, _feier_ erased.]

Ich þe ondswerie. ha lihteð hwer se ha eau{er} kimeð wið a
þusent deoflen. ⁊ euch an bereð a gret boc al of sunnen iwriten
wið swarte smeale {70} leattres. ⁊ an unrude raketehe gled{}read
of fure. forte binden ⁊ to drahen in to in{}warde helle.
hwuch se he mei preoouin þurh his boc þ̵ is on euch sunne
enbre[f. 74r]uet. þ̵ he wið wil. oðer wið word. oðer wið werc.
wrahtte in al his lif siðe. bute þ̵ he haueð i{}bet earþon wið
soð schrift. ⁊ wið deadbote. ant warschipe hire easkeð. Hweonene
{75} cumest tu fearlac deaðes munegunge. Ich cume he seið of
helle. Of helle ha seið warschipe. ⁊ hauest tu isehen helle?
Ȝe seið fearlac wit{er}liche. ofte ⁊ ilome. Nu seið þenne
warschipe. forþi trowðe treoweliche tele us hwuch is helle.
⁊ hwet tu hauest isehen þrin. ant ich he seið fearlac omi trowðe
bluðeliche. nawt tah eft{er} þ̵ hit is. for þ̵ ne mei na {80}
tunge `tellen´. ah eft{er} þ̵ ich mei ⁊ con{;} þer towart ich
chulle readien.

    [Linenote:
    73. _enbreueḍt_ MS.]


++Helle is [wid] wið{}ute met. ⁊ deop wið{}ute grunde. ful of
brune uneuenlich . for ne mei nan eorðlich fur euenin þer
towart. ful of stench unþolelich. for ne mahte in eorðe na cwic
þing{e} hit þolien. ful of sorhe untalelich. for ne mei na muð
for wrecchedom {85} ne for wa{;} rikenin hit ne tellen. Se þicke
is þrinne þe þost{er}nesse{;} þ̵ me hire mei grapin. for þ̵ fur.
ne ȝeueð na liht. ah blent ham þe ehnen. þe þer beoð wið a
smorðrinde smeke smeche forcuðest. ⁊ tah iþ̵ ilke swarte
þeost{er}nesse swarte þinges ha iseoð as deoflen þ̵ ham meallið
⁊ derueð áá ⁊ dreccheð wið alles cunnes pinen. ⁊ iteilede {90}
draken g{ri}`s´liche ase deoflen þe forswolheð ham ihal. ⁊
speoweð ham [f. 74v] eft ut biuoren ⁊ bihinden. oðer hwile
torendeð ham ⁊ to{}cheoweð ham euch greot. ant heo eft iwurðeð
hal. to a swuch bale bute bote as ha ear weren. ant ful wel ha
i{}seoð ham to grisle ⁊ to grure. ⁊ to echen hare pine. þe laðe
helle wurmes. tadden ⁊ froggen. {95} þe freoteð ham ut te ehnen.
⁊ te nease g{ri}stles. ant snikeð in. ⁊ ut neddren. ⁊ eauraskes.
nawt ilich þeose her{;} ah hundret siðe g{ri}sluker et muð. ⁊ et
earen. ed ehne{n}. ⁊ ed neauele. ant ed te breoste holke as
meaðen iforrotet flesch eau{er}ȝete þickest. þer is remu{n}ge
iþe brune. ⁊ toðes hechelunge iþe snawi weattres. ferliche ha
flutteð from þe {100} heate{;} in{}to þe chele.

Ne neau{er} nuten ha of þeos twa{;} hweðer ham þuncheð wurse.
for eiðer is unþolelich. ant iþis ferliche mong{e} þe leat{er}e
þurh þe earre derueð þe mare. þ̵ fur ham forbearneð al to colen
calde. þ̵ pich ha{m} forwalleð aðet ha beon for{}mealte. ⁊ eft
acwikieð anan to drehen al þ̵ ilke{;} ant muchedeale wurse á
wið{}uten {105} ende. Ant tis ilke unhope is ham meast pine. þ̵
nan naueð neau{er} mare hope of nan a{}couerunge. Ah aren sikere
of euch uuel to þurh{}leasten iwa from world in to worlde áá on
echnesse. Euch aþrusmeð oðer. ⁊ euch is oðres pine. Ant euchan
heateð oðer. ⁊ him seoluen as [f. 75r] þe blake deouel. ⁊
eau{er} se ha i þis world luueden {110} ha{m} mare{;} se ha þer
heatieð ham swiðere. ⁊ eiðer curseð oðer. ⁊ fret of þe oðres
earen. ⁊ te nease alswa.

Ich habbe bigunne to tellen of þing þ̵ ich ne mahte nawt bringe
to eni ende. þah ich hefde a þusent tungen of stele ⁊ talde aðet
ha were{n} alle forwerede. Ah þencheð nu her þurh hwuch þe
measte pine beo{;} for þe leaste pine is {115} se heard þ̵ hefde
a mon i{}slein ba mi feader. ⁊ mi moder ant al þe ende of mi
cun. ⁊ i{}do me seoluen al þe scheome ⁊ te hearm þ̵ cwic mon
mahte þolien. ⁊ ich isehe þes mon i þe ilke leaste pine. þ̵ ich
iseh in helle{;} Ich walde ȝef hit mahte beon. þolien a þusent
deaðes to a{}rudden him ut þrof. swa is þe sihðe g{ri}slich ⁊
reowðful to bihalden. {120} for þah neau{er} nere nan oðer pine
bute to i{}seon eau{er} þe unseli gastes. ⁊ hare g{ri}sliche
schape. biseon on hare g{ri}mfule. ⁊ grurefule nebbes. ⁊ heren
hare rarunge. ⁊ hu ha wið hokeres edwiteð ⁊ up breideð euchan
his sunnen. þis schenðlac ⁊ te grure of ham were unimete pine{;}
⁊ hure þolien ⁊ a{}beoren hare unirude duntes wið {125} mealles
istelet. ⁊ wið hare eawles gled{}reade hare dustlunges. as þah
hit were a pilche{}clut euchan towart oðer imisliche pinen.

O helle deaðes hus. wununge of wanunge. of grure ant of
granunge. heatel [f. 75v] ham. ⁊ heard wan. of alle wontreaðes.
buri of bale. ⁊ bold of eau{er} euch bitternesse . þu laðest
lont of alle. þu dorc stude ifullet {130} of alle dreorinesses.
Ich cwakie of g{ri}sle ⁊ of grure. ⁊ euch ban schekeð me. ⁊ euch
her me rueð up of þi munegunge. for nis þer na steuene bi{t}uhhe
þe fordemde bute wu{m}me. ⁊ wa is me. ⁊ wa beo þe. ⁊ wa beo þe.
wa ha ȝeieð. ⁊ wa ha habbeð ne of al þ̵ eau{er} wa is{;} ne
schal ha{m} neau{er} wontin. þe swuch wununge of earneð. for ei
hwilinde {135} blisse her o þisse worlde{;} wel were him ȝef þ̵
he neau{er} ibore nere. bi þis ȝe mahen sumdel witen hwuch is
helle. for i{}wis ich habbe þrin isehen a þusent siðe wurse. ⁊
from þeonne kimeð deað wið a þusent deoflen hiderwart as ich
seide. ant ich com þ{us} q{uo}ð fearlac forte warnin ow fore{;}
⁊ tellen ow þeos tidinges. {140}

    [Linenote:
    133. _bicuhhe_ MS.]


++Nv lau{er}d godd q{uo}ð warschipe wardi us ⁊ werie. ⁊ rihte us
⁊ reade hwet us beo to donne. ant we beon þe warre ⁊ wakere to
witen us on euch half under godes wengen. ȝef we wel werieð ⁊
witeð ure hus ⁊ godes deore tresor þ̵ he haueð bitaht us{;} cume
deað hwen he wule. Ne þurue we nowðer beon `of´dred for hire.
ne {145} for helle. for ure deað bið deore godd ⁊ i{n}{}ȝong in
to heouene. of þeos fikelinde world{;} ne of hire false blisse :
ne neome we neau{er} ȝeme. for al þ̵ is on eorðe. nis bute as a
schadewe{;} for al wurðeð [f. 76r] to noht bute þ̵ deore tresor
godes deorewurðe feh þ̵ is us bitaht to witene. Ich habbe
þeruore sar care for ich iseo seið warschipe hu þe {150} unwhiht
wið his ferd ase liun iburst. ȝeað abuten ure hus sechinde
ȝeornliche hu he hit forswolhe. ⁊ tis ich mei seið warschipe
warnin ow of his lað ⁊ for his wrenches. ah ich ne mei nawt
aȝeines his strengðe.

    [Linenotes:
    142. _donne_] the second _n_ corr. out of _t_. || 145. _of_ over
    _ạ_ MS.]

   [[Linenote 142 was printed out of sequence, after 159.]]


++Do nu q{uo}ð strengðe. warschipe suster þ̵ te limpet to þe ⁊
warne us of his wiheles. for of al his strengðe ne drede {155}
we nawiht. for nis his strengðe noht wurð bute hwer{}se he
ifindeð eðeliche. ⁊ wake unwarnede of treowe bileaue. þe apostle
seið. Etstont. þen feont. ⁊ he flið anan riht. schulde we þenne
fleon him? ȝe nis godd ure scheld. ⁊ alle beoð ure wepnen of his
deore g{ra}ce. ant godd is on ure half. ⁊ stont bi us ifehte.
ȝef he schute {160} towart me wið weole ⁊ wunne of þe world. wið
este of flesches lustes. of þulliche nesche wepnen ich mahte
carien summes weis. ah ne mei me na þing heardes offearen. ne
nowcin. ne na wone falsi min heorte ne wursi mi bileaue towart
him þ̵ ȝeueð me alle mine strengðen.

    [Linenote:
    159. _ȝenis_ MS.]


++For ba me ah. q{uo}ð meað. ant for heart of nowcin. ⁊ for wone
of {165} wunne dreden. ⁊ carien. for moni for to muchel heard of
wa þ̵ he d`r´eheð. forȝet ure lau{er}d. ant ma þah for nesche
ant for flesches licunge for [f. 76v] ȝemeð ham ofte. bituhhen
heard ⁊ nesche. bituhhe wa of þis world ant to muche wunne.
bituhhe muchel ⁊ lutel is in euch worldlich þing þe middel wei
ȝuldene. ȝef we hire haldeð {170} þenne gawe sikerliche ne þerf
us nowðer for deað ne for deouel dreden. hwet{}se beo of heardes
ne drede ich nawiht nesches for ne mei·na wunne. ne na flesches
licunge ne licomlich este bringe me ou{er} þe midel of mesure. ⁊
of mete.

    [Linenotes:
    166. _caṛien_ MS. || 170. _we_] _weị_ MS.]


++Rihtwissnesse spekeð nu. Mi sust{er} ha seið warschipe þe
haueð {175} wit. ⁊ schad bituhhe god. ⁊ uuel. ⁊ wat hwet is in
euch þing{e} to cheosen ⁊ to schunien{;} readeð us ⁊ leareð
forte ȝeme lutel alle fallinde þing. ⁊ witen warliche þeo þe
schulen á lesten. ⁊ seið as ha soð seið þ̵ þurh unweotenesse ne
mei ha nawt sunegin. ⁊ tah nis nawt siker of þe unwihtes
strengde as þeo þe halt hire wac {180} þah ha beo muche wurð. ⁊
ure alre ehnen demeð hire unmihti onont hire seoluen to
etstonden wið his. t{ur}nes ⁊ deð ase þe wise. Mi sust{er}
strengðe is swiðe bald. ⁊ seið þ̵ nawiht heardes ne mei hire
offearen. ah þah ha ne trust nawt on hire ahne wepnen{;} ah deð
o goðes g{ra}ce ⁊ þ̵ ich demi riht ⁊ wisdom to donne. Mi {185}
þridde sust{er}. meað spekeð of þe middel sti. bituhhe riht ⁊
luft þ̵ lut cunnen halden. [f. 77r] ⁊ seið inesche ha is bald. ⁊
heard mei hire offearen. ⁊ for{}þi ne ȝelpeð ha of na sikernesse
ant deð as þe wise.

Mi meoster is to do riht forte demen ant ich deme me seolf þ̵
ich þurh me ne do hit nawt{;} for al þ̵ god is of godd þ̵ we
her {190} habbeð. Nu is riht þenne þ̵ we demen us seolf eau{er}
unmihtie to werien ⁊ to witen us oðer ei god to halden wið ute
godes helpe. Þe rihtwise godd wule þ̵ we demen us seolf eðeliche
⁊ lahe. Ne beo we neau{er} swucche{;} for þenne demeð he us
muche wurð ⁊ gode ant halt for his dehtren. for þah mi forme
sust{er} war beo of euch uuel{;} {195} ant min oðer strong beo
to ȝeines euch nowcin{;} ant mi þridde meaðul in alles cunnes
estes{;} ⁊ ich do riht ⁊ deme. bute we wið al þis milde beon ⁊
meoke{;} ⁊ halden us wake. godd mei mid rihte fordemen us of al
þis þurh ure prude. ant for{}þi is riht dom þet we al ure god
þonkin him ane. +W+jit þe husebonde godes cunestable hereð {200}
alle hare sahen ⁊ þonkeð god ȝeorne wið swiðe glead heorte of se
riche lane as beoð þeos sustren his fowr dehtren þ̵ he haueð
ileanet him on helpe forte wite wel ⁊ werien his castel. ⁊ godes
deorewurðe feh. þ̵ is biloke þrinne.


++Þe willesfule husewif halt hire al stille. ant al þ̵ hird þ̵
ha wes {205} i wunet to dreaien eft{er} hire{;} turneð [f. 77v]
ham treowliliche to wit hare lau{er}d. ⁊ to þeos fowr sustren.
+V+mben ane stunde spekeð eft warschipe. ⁊ seið ich iseo a sonde
cumen swide gledd icheret. feier ⁊ freolich ⁊ leofliche aturnet.
let him in seið wit ȝef godd wule he bringeð us gleade tidinges.
ant þ̵ us were muche {210} neod. for fearlac deaðes sonde haueð
wið his{;} offearet us swiðe mid alle. warschipe let him in. ⁊
he gret wit þen lau{er}d. ⁊ al þ̵ hird seoðen. wið lahhinde
chere. ant ha ȝeldeð him his gretunge. ⁊ beoð alle ilihtet ⁊
igleadet ham þu{n}cheð of his on{}sihðe. for al þ̵ hus schineð.
⁊ schimmeð of his leome. he easkeð ham ȝef ham biluueð to {215}
heren him ane hwile. ȝe q{uo}ð ha rihtwisnesse. wel us biluueð
hit. ⁊ wel is riht þ̵ we þe liðeliche lustnin.


++Hercnið nu þenne he seið. ⁊ ȝeornliche understondeð. [I]ch am
murðes sonde. ⁊ munegunge of eche lif. ant liues luue i{}haten ⁊
cume riht from heouene þ̵ ich habbe isehen nu ant ofte ear {220}
þe blisse þ̵ na monnes tunge ne mei of tellen. þe iblescede godd
iseh ow offruhte. ⁊ sumdel drupnin of þ̵ fearlac talde of deað.
⁊ of helle. ant sende me to gleadien ow. nawt for{}þi þ̵ hit ne
beo al soð þ̵ he seide. ⁊ þ̵ schulen alle uuele fondin. ⁊
ifinden. Ah ȝe wið þe fulst of godd ne þurue na þi{n}g dreden
for he sit on [f. 78r] he þ̵ is {225} ow on helpe. ⁊ is al
wealdent þ̵ haueð ow to witene.


++A seið warschipe welcume liues luue. ant for þe luue of godd
seolf ȝef þu eauer sehe him{;} tele us sumhwet of him. ⁊ of his
eche blisse. ȝe iseoð q{uo}ð liues luue{;} Murhdes sonde. Ich
habbe isehen him ofte nawt tah alswa as he is{;} for aȝein þe
brihtnesse ⁊ te {230} liht of his leor. þe sunne gleam is dosc ⁊
þuncheð a{}schadewe. ant for{}þi ne mahte ich nawt aȝein þe
leome of his wlite lokin ne bihalden{;} bute þurh a schene
schawere bituhhe me ⁊ him þ̵ schilde mine ehnen. Swa ich habbe
ofte isehen þe hali þru{m}nesse. feader ⁊ sune. ⁊ hali gast.
þreo an unto{}dealet. ah lutle hwile ich mahte þolie {235} þe
leome. ah su{m}mes weis ich mahte bihalden ure lau{er}d ih{es}u
c{ri}st. godes sune þ̵ bohte us o rode. Hu he sit blisful on his
feader riht half þ̵ is al wealdent rixleð i þ̵ eche lit bute
linnunge. se unimete feier{;} þ̵ te engles ne beoð neau{er} ful
on him to bihalden. ant ȝet ich iseh etscene þe studen of his
wunden. ⁊ hu he schaweð ham his {240} feader to cuðen hu he
luuede us ⁊ hu he wes buhsum to him þe sende him swa to alesen
us ⁊ bisecheð him a for mo{n}cu{n}nes heale.

    [Linenotes:
    229. After _habbe_, _him ofte_ deleted MS. || 234. _mine_ above
    _meine_ MS.: after _habbe_, _ofsee_ deleted MS.]


++Eft{er} him ich iseh on heh ou{er} alle heouenliche þe eadi
meiden his moder marie i ne{m}pnet sitten in [f. 78v] a trone se
swiðe briht wid ȝimmes i stirret. ⁊ hire wlite se weoleful{;} þ̵
euch eorðlich liht{;} is {245} þeoster þe[r]o{}ȝeines. þear ich
iseh as ha bit hire deore wurðe sune se ȝeornliche. ⁊ se
inwardliche for þeo þ̵ hire seruið. ⁊ he hire ȝetteð blideliche
al þ̵ ha bi secheð. Þet liht þa ich ne mahte lengre þolien{;}
Ich biseh to þe engles ⁊ to þe archangles ant to þe oðre{;} þe
beoð buuen ham. iblescede gastes þe beoð a biuore godd ⁊ seruið
him {250} eau{er}. ⁊ singeð a unwergeð. Nihe wordes þer beoð. ah
hu ha beoð i{}ordret ⁊ sunderliche isette. þe an buue þe oðre. ⁊
euchanes meoster were long to tellen. Se muche murhðe ich hefde
on hare on sihðe{;} þ̵ ne mahte `ich´ longe hwile elles hwider
lokin.

    [Linenote:
    245. After _se_, _wle_ deleted.]

+E+ft{er} ham ich iseh towart te p{at}riarches. ⁊ te
p{ro}ph{et}es þe makied swuch murhðe þ̵ ha {255} aren nuðe i þ̵
ilke lont of blisse þ̵ ha hefden of feor igret ear on eorðe ⁊
seoð nu al þ̵ isoðet. þ̵ ha hefden longe ear icwiddet of ure
lau{er}d as he hefde ischawed ha{m} igastelich sihðe. +I+ch iseh
þe apostles poure. ⁊ lah on eorðe. ifullet ⁊ bigoten al of
unimete blisse sitten i trones. ant al under hare uet þ̵ heh is
i þe worlde. ȝarowe forte {260} demen i þe dei of dome kinges ⁊
keiseres. ⁊ alle cunreadnes of alle cunnes ledenes. [f. 79r]
+I+ch biheolt te Martyrs. ⁊ hare unimete murhðe þe þoleden her
pinen. ⁊ deað for ure lau{er}d. ⁊ lihtliche talden to alles
cunnes neowcins. ⁊ eorðliche tintreohen aȝeines þe blisse þ̵
godd in hare heorte schawede ham to cumene.

    [Linenote:
    255. _ha_] _ha ha_ MS.]

+E+ft{er} ham {265} ich biheolt þe cunfessurs hird þe liueden
igod lif. ⁊ haliche deiden. þe schineð as doð steorren iþe eche
blissen. ⁊ seoð godd in his wlite þ̵ haueð alle teares iwipet of
hare ehnen. +I+ch iseh þ̵ schene ⁊ þ̵ brihte fer`r´eden of þe
eadi meidnes ilikest towart engles. ant feolohlukest wið ham
blissin ⁊ gleadien. þe libbinde iflesche ou{er}gað {270}
flesches lahe ant ou{er}cumeð cunde þe leadeð heouenlich lif in
eorðe as ha wunieð hare murhðe. ⁊ hare blisse. þe feierl`e´ac of
hare wlite. þe swetnesse of hare song{;} ne mei na tunge tellen.
Alle ha singeð þe þer beoð. Ah hare song ne mahe nane buten heo
singen. Se swote sme`a´l ham folheð hwider{}se ha wendeð. þ̵ me
mahte libben {275} aa bi þe swotnesse. hwam se heo bisecheð
fore{;} is sikerliche iborhen. for aȝein hare bisocnen{;} godd
him seolf ariseð þ̵ alle þe oðre halhen sittende ihereð.

    [Linenotes:
    266. _cunfessurs_] _urs_ above _ọṛẹṣ_ MS.]


++Swiðe wel q{uo}ð warschipe likeð us þ̵ tu seist. Ah nu þu
hauest se wel iseið of euch a setnesse{;} of þe seli sunder
lepes sumhwet sei {280} us nu hwuch blisse is to alle iliche
meane{;} ⁊ liues luue hire ondswereð. [f. 79v] Þe imeane blisse
is seouenfald. lengðe of lif. wit. ⁊ luue. ⁊ of þe luue a
gleadunge. wið{}ute met murie. loft song. ⁊ lihtschipe. ant
sikernesse. is þe seoueðe. þah ich þis seið warschipe sumdel
understonde{;} þu most unwreo þis witerluker ⁊ openin to þeos
oðre. {285} ant hit schal beon seið liues luue warschipe as þu
wilnest.


++Ha liuieð á in awlite. þ̵ is brihtre seoueuald. ⁊ schenre þen
þe sunne. ant eau{er} in a strengðe to don buten euch swinc al
þ̵ ha wulleð. ⁊ eau{er} mare in a steal in al þ̵ eauer god is
wið{}ute wonunge. wið{}uten euch þing þ̵ mahe hearmin oðer
eilin. {290} in al þ̵ eau{er} is. softe oðer swote. ⁊ hare lif
is godes sihðe. ⁊ godes cnawlechunge as ure lau{er}d seide. þ̵
is q{uo}ð he eche lif to seon ⁊ cnawen sod godd. ⁊ him þ̵ he
sende ih{es}u c{ri}st ure lau{er}d to ure alesnesse ⁊ beoð for
þi ilich him iþe ilke wlite þ̵ he is. for ha seoð him as he is.
nebbe to nebbe.

    [Linenote:
    291. After _⁊ godes_, an erasure MS.]

+H+a beoð se wise þ̵ ha witen {295} alle godes reades. his runes
⁊ his domes þe derne beoð. ⁊ deopre þen eni sea dingle. ha seoð
igodd alle þing. ⁊ witen of al þ̵ is ⁊ wes ⁊ eau{er} schal
iwurden. hwet hit beo. hwi. ⁊ hwerto ⁊ hwer{}of hit bigunne.
+H+a luuieð god wið{}ute met. for þ̵ ha understondeð hu he haueð
bi ham idon þurh his muchele godlec ⁊ hwet ha ahen his {300}
deorewurde milce to ȝelden. ant euch{}an luueð oðer ase muchel
as him seoluen.

+S+e gleade ha beoð of godd{;} þ̵ al is hare blisse. se muchel
[f. 80r] þ̵ ne mei hit munne na muð. ne spealie [na speche] for
þi þ̵ euchan luueð oðer as him seoluen. Euchan haueð of odres
god ase muche murhðe as of his ahne. bi þis ȝe mahen seon ⁊
witen. {305} þ̵ euchan haueð sunderlepes ase feole
gleadschipes{;} as ha beod monie alle. ⁊ euch of þe ilke
gleadschipes is to eau{er} euch{}an ase muche gleadunge{;} as
his ahne sunderliche. ȝet ou{er} al þis. hwen euchan luueð godd
mare þen him seoluen. ⁊ þen alle þe odre{;} mare he gleadeð of
godd wið{}uten ei etlunge þen of his ahne gleadunge. {310} ⁊ of
alle þe oðres. Neomeð nu þenne ȝeme ȝef neau{er} anes heorte ne
mei in hire [und]eruon hire ahne gleadunge sunderliche. [iseide.
se unim]ete muchel is þe anlepi blisse. þ̵ ha nimeð i[n] hi[re]
þus monie. ⁊ þus muchele. for{}þi seide ure lau{er}d to þeo þe
him hefden icwemet.

    [Linenotes:
    303. This leaf of the MS. defective. || 312, 313. MS. defective
    here. ]

_Intra in gaudiu{m}. et c’._ Ga q{uo}ð he in{}to þi {315}
lau{er}des blisse. þu most al gan þrin. ant al beon bigotten
þrin for in þe ne mei hit nanesweis neomen in. her{}of ha herieð
godd ⁊ singeð á un{}werget eau{er} iliche lusti in þis loft
songes. as hit iwriten is. _Beati q{ui} habitant. et c’._ Eadi
beoð þeo lau{er}d. þe iþin hus wunieð. ha schulen herien þe from
[worlde i{n}to worlde].

+H+a beoð {320} alle ase li[hte ⁊ ase swifte as þe sunne.] gleam
þe sc[heot from est into west. ase þin ehe[f. 80v]lid tuneð ant
openeð for hwer se eau{er} þe gast wule þe bodi is anan{}riht
wið{}ute lettunge. for ne mei ham na þing aȝeines etstonden. for
euch{}an is al{}mihti to don al þ̵ he wule. ȝe makie to cwakien
heouene ba ⁊ eorðe wið his an finger. {325} +S+ikere ha beoð of
al þis. of þulli lif. of þulli wit. of þulli luue ⁊ gleadunge
þrof. ⁊ of þulli blisse. þ̵ hit ne me neauer mare lutlin ne
wursin. ne neome nan ende. þis lutle ich habbe iseid of þ̵ ich
iseh in heouene ah nower neh ne{}{s}eh ich al. ne þ̵ ȝet þ̵ ich
[iseh. ne] ne con ich half tellen.

    [Linenotes:
    320-2. MS. defective here and at ll. 337-9. || 329. _seh_]
    _neh_ MS.]

+W+it{er}[liche quoð] warschipe. wel we understondeð {330} þ̵ tu
hauest ibeo þear ⁊ soð hauest iseid trof. eft{er} þi sihðe. ant
wel is him þ̵ is war. ⁊ bisið him hu he mahe beast halden his
hus þ̵ godes tresor is in aȝeines godes unwine þe weorreð þer
towart a wið unþeawes. for þet. schal bringen hi{m} þider as he
schal. al þis þ̵ tu hauest ispeken of an hundret siðe mare of
blisse buten euch bale {335} folhin ⁊ ifinden. Q{uo}ð strengðe
hwen hit swa is{;} hwet mei tweamen us from godd ⁊ hald[en us
þeonne. ich] am siker ine godd. [þ̵ ne schal lif ne deað{;} ne
wa] ne wunne nowðer [to dealen us ant his luue. ah al þis] us
haueð igarc [f. 10r] ket. ȝef we as treowe tresures witeð wel
his tresor þ̵ is bitaht us to{}halden. as we schulen ful wel
undeR his wengen. {340}

    [Linenotes:
    339. MS. Bod. ends with _igarc_; the rest is from MS. Royal
    17 A 27.]


++Varpeð ut quoð warschipe{;} farlac ure fa. nis nawt riht þ̵ an
hus halde þeos tweien. for þeR as murðes sonde is{;} ⁊ soð luue
of eche lif. farlac is fleme. nu ut quoð strenðe farlac ne
schaltu na leng{er}e leuen in uRe ende. nu q{uo}ð `he´ ich seide
for god al þ̵ ich seide. ⁊ þah hit muri nere nes na lessere mi
tale þe{n} wes murhðes {345} sondes ne unbihefre to ow. þah hit
ne beo so licwurðe ne icweme. Eiðer of ow haueð his stunde to
speokene. ne nis i{n}ckeR noðres tale to schunien in his time.
þu warnest of wa. he telleð of wunne. muche neod is þ̵ me ow ba
ȝeornliche hercni. Flute nu faRlac þah. hwil liues luue is
heRinne. ⁊ þole wið efne heorte þe dom of rihtwisnesse. {350}
for þu schal[t]. ful bliðeliche beon under{}fon in as ofte as
liues luue stutteð forto spekene.


++Nv is wil þ̵ husewif al stille. þ̵ eR wes so willesful.
Al{}ituht efter wittes wissunge þ̵ is husebonde. ⁊ Al þ̵ hird
halt him stille. þ̵ wes i{}wunet to beon fulitohen ⁊ don efteR
wil haRe lefdi. Ant {355} nawt efteR wit{;} lustneð nu his lare.
⁊ fondeð eueR euchan efteR þ̵ him limpeð to. þ{urh} þeos twa
sonden. þ̵ ha i{}heRd habbeð. ⁊ þ̵ fowr sustren lerden þruppe
for euch unþeawes inȝong his warde te witene. ant{}te waRden
treowliche. [f. 10v]


++Þvs ah mon te þenchen ofte Ant ilome. Ant wið þulliche
þohtes {360} awecchen his heorte. þe islep of ȝemeles for{}ȝet
hire sawle heale. efter þeos twa sonden. +F+rom helle sihðe
biseon{;} to þe blisse of heouene. To habben farlac of þ̵ an{;}
luue toward þ̵ oðeR. ant leaden him ant hinen. þ̵ beoð his limen
alle. nawt efteR wil þe untohe lefdi ⁊ his lust leareð. ah efteR
þ̵ wit wule þ̵ is husebonde. tuhten ⁊ teachen þ̵ wit ga {365}
eueR biuore ant teache wil efter him. to al þ̵ he dihteð ⁊ demeð
to donne. ant wið þe fowR sustren{;} þer{}fore þe fowr heued
þeawes. WaRschipe. Strencðe in godd. Ant Með. Ant
+R+ihtwisnesse. witen godes treosor þ̵ is his ahne sawle. iþe
hus of þe bodi{;} from þe þeof of helle. þulli þoht makeð mon te
fleon alle unþeawes ant ontent his {370} heorte toward þe blisse
of heouene. þ̵ ure lauerd ȝeue us þ{urh} his hali milce þ̵ wið
þe fedeR. ant e sune a{n}t e hali gast rixleð in þreo had á
buten ende. AMEN.


+P+ar seinte charite biddeð a pateR nost{er} for iohan þ̵ þeos
boc w{ra}t. {375}

    ++Hwa se þis writ haueð ired.
    +A+nt crist him haueð swa isped.
    +I+ch bidde p{ar} seinte charite.
    +Þ+et ȝe bidden ofte for me.
    +A+a p{ate}R n{oste}R. ant aue maRie.                            380
    +Þ+et ich mote þ̵ lif heR drehen.
    +A+nt ure lauerd wel i{}cwemen.
    +I+ Mi ȝuheðe ⁊ in min elde.
    +Þ+et ich mote ih{es}u crist mi sawle ȝelden.

  AMEN.



XVII. SAINT KATHERINE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“As for Sawles Warde. The text of this extract is from the Royal MS.”]]


[Headnote: Clara per Progenitores]

[f. 11r] ++Constantin. ant Maxence weren on ane time as in
keiseres stude hehest i rome. ah constantin ferde þurh þe
burhme{n}ne read in{}to fronc{}londe. ant wunede summe hwiles
þer for þe burhes neode. ant Maxence storede þe refschipe in
rome. weox umbehwiles wreððe him bitweonen. ant comen to þe
fehte. {5} þes maxence wes ouercumen. ant fleh into alixaundre.
Constantin walde efter. ant warpen him þeonne. ah so wide him
weox weorre on euch halue. ant nomeliche in an lond y{li}rie
hatte. þ̵ ter he etstutte. Þa Maxence iherde þis{;} þ̵ he wes of
him siker. ant of his cume karles. warð king of þat lond þ̵ lei
into rome. as duden meast {10} alle þe oðere of þe world. bigon
anan as wedwulf to weorrin hali chirche. ant dreie{n} cristene
men þe lut þ̵ ter weren alle to heðenedom heðene as he wes.

    [Linenote:
    8. After _an_, _e_ erased: _ẏrie_ MS.]

Summe þurh muchele ȝeoue ant misliche meden. Summe þ{urh} farlac
of his fule þreates. Oleast wið stronge tintreo ant licomliche
pinen. Þe fif ⁊ þrittuðe ȝer of his {15} rixlunge he set
okine{}seotle i þe moder{}burh [f. 11v] of alixaundres riche. he
sende heste. ⁊ bode so wide so þ̵ lond wes. þ̵ poure ba ⁊ riche
comen biuoren hi{m} to þe temple iþe tun of his heðene godes.
euchan wið his lac{;} forto wurgin ham wið. comen alle to his
bode. ⁊ euchan bi `hi´s euene biuoren Maxence seolf to wurgen
his {20} mawmez. þe riche roðeren ⁊ schep ⁊ bule hwa so mahte
brohte to lake. þe poure cwike briddes in þis ilke burh wes
wuniende a meide{n} swiðe ȝung of ȝeres twa wone of twenti.
feie`r´ ⁊ freolich o wlite ⁊ o wastu{m}. ah ȝet þ̵ wes mare wurð
steðeluest wið{}innen of treowe bileaue. anes kinges cost hehte
anlepi dohter icuret clergesse. kat{er}ine {25} inempnet.

    [Linenote:
    24. _wastun_ MS.]

þis meiden wes boðen federles ⁊ moderles of hire child-hade, ah
þah ha ȝung were{;} ha heold hire aldrene hird wisliche ⁊
warliche iþe eritage. ⁊ iþe herd þ̵ com of hire burde. nawt for
{þ}i hire þuhte god to habben monie under hire ⁊ beon icleopet
lefdi þ̵ feole telleð wel to. ah ba ha wes offearet of scheome ⁊
of sunne. {30} þ̵ þeo weren to{}dreuet oðer mis{}ferden þ̵ hire
forð-federes hefden ifostred. For hire seolf ne kepte heo nawt
of þe world. þ{us} lo for hare sake ane dale [f. 12r] heo
et{}heold [of hire eldrene god] ⁊ spende al þ̵ oðer in neodful ⁊
i{n} nakede.

    [Linenotes:
    28. _þ̵i_ MS. || 33. _of ... god_ from C.]


++Þeos milde meoke meiden þes lufsum lefdi mid lasteles lates
ne {35} luuede heo nane lihte plohen ne nane luue ronnes. nalde
heo nane songes. ne nane luue{}runes leornin ne lustnin ah eauer
ha hefde on hali{}writ ehnen oðer horte. oftest ba to gederes.
hire feder hefde iset hire earliche to leaf ⁊ to lare. ⁊ heo
underueng hit þ{urh} þen hali{}gast so wel þ̵ nan nes hire
euening{e}. Modie meistres ⁊ {40} feole fondeden hire ofte.
oswiðe feole halue forto under{}neomen hire. ah nes þer nan þ̵
mahte neuer enes wrenchen hire mid al his crefti crokes ut of þe
weie. ah swa sone heo ȝeld ham swucche ȝein cleppes. ⁊ wende
hare wiheles uppon ha{m} seoluen þ̵ al ha i{}cneowen ham crauant
⁊ ouercumen. ⁊ cweðen hire þe meistrie ⁊ te menske al up. {45}

    [Linenote:
    35. After _lates_, _f_ erased.]


++Þus hwil ha wiste hire ⁊ þohte aa to witen hire meiden
i{}meiðhad. as ha set in a bur of hire burde boldes heo iherde a
swuch murhðe towart þe awariede mawmetes temple lowing{e} of þ̵
ahte. luding{e} of þe men. gleowunge [f. 12v] of euch gleo to
herien ⁊ hersumin hare heðene godes. as ha þis iherde ⁊ nuste
ȝet hwet hit wes. ha sende swiðe for {50} to witen hwet wunder
hit were. sone so hire sonde com aȝein ⁊ seide hire þ̵ soðe{;}
heo swa itend of wreððe wes þ̵ wod ha wurðen walde. het up of
hire hird hwuch as heo walde ant wende hire þideward. ifont þer
swiðe feole ȝeinde ⁊ ȝurinde. ⁊ þeotinde unþuldeliche wið
rewfule remes þ̵ cristene weren. ⁊ leafful in godes laẏ.

    [Linenote:
    53. After _of hire_, _ḥạ ẉ_ MS.]

ah for dred {55} of deað duden þes deouel[e]s lac as þe heðene
duden. hwa wes wurse þen hire heorte iwundet in{}wið for þe
wrecches þ̵ heo iseh wraðe werkes wurchen aȝeines godes wille.
þohte þah as heo wes þuldi ⁊ þolemod so ȝung þing as heo wes.
hwet hit mahte ȝeinen þah heo hire ane were aȝein so kene
keisere ⁊ his kineriche. {60} stod stille ane hwile ⁊ hef hire
heorte up to þe hehe healent þe iheret is in heouene. bisohte
him help. ⁊ hap. ⁊ wisdom. as wisliche as al þe world is iwald
þ{urh} his wissunge. þrefter wepnede hire mid soðe bileaue. ⁊
wrat on hire breoste ant biuoren hire teeð ⁊ tunge of hire muð
þe hali [f. 13r] rode taken. ⁊ com lepinde {65} forð al itend of
lei of þen hali gast. as þe keiser stod bimong þe su{n}ful slaht
of þ̵ islein ahte deoulen to lake þ̵ euch wariet weouet of þe
mix mawmez ron of þ̵ balefule blod al{}bi{}blodeget. ⁊ bigon to
ȝeien ludere stefne.

    [Linenote:
    56. _þes þes_ MS.]


++Gretinge keiser walde. þe bi{}cumen for þin hehnesse ȝef þu
þis {70} il{k}e ȝeld þ̵ tu dest to deouelen þ̵ for{}deð þe baðe
ilicom ⁊ i sawle{;} ⁊ alle þ̵ hit driueð. ȝef þu hit ȝulde ⁊
ȝeue to his wurðmunt þe scheop þe ant al þe world. ⁊ al walt
þ{urh} his wisdom. ⁊ al þ̵ ischapen is. ich walde keiser igreten
þe. ȝef þu understode þ̵ he him ane is to herien þ{urh} hwam ⁊
under hwam {75} alle kinges rixleð. ne ne mei na þing
wið{}stonden his i{}wil. þah he muche þolie. þes heouenliche
lauerd luueð treowe bileaue. ⁊ nowðer blod ne ban of unforgult
ahte. ah þ̵ me halde ⁊ heie his halewunde heastes. Ne nis na
þing hwar þ{urh} monnes muchele medschipe wreððeð him wið mare
þen þe schaft of mon{;} þ̵ he scheop. ⁊ ȝef {80} schad ba of god
⁊ of uuel þ{urh} wit ⁊ þ{urh} wisdom schal wurðen forð. ut of
his witte þ{urh} þe awariede gast þ̵ he ȝelt þe wur [f. 13v]
ðmunt to unwitlese þing þ̵ te feont wuneð in. þ̵ he ahte to godd
⁊ hereð ⁊ hersumeð seheliche schaftes ⁊ blodles ⁊ banles. ⁊
leomen buten liue. as he schulde his ⁊ heoren. ⁊ alre þinge
schuppent þ̵ is {85} godd unsehelich.

    [Linenote:
    71. _ille_ MS.]


[Headnote: Claruit per Sacros Mores]

++Þe feont þe fint al uuel bimong alle his crokinde creftes. wið
neauer an ne keccheð he creftluker cang men ne leadeð to
unbileaue. þen þ̵ he makeð men. þ̵ ahten to witen wel. þ̵ ha
beoð bi{}ȝetene. i{}borene ⁊ broht forð þ{urh} þe heoueneliche
feder{;} to makien {90} swucche mawmez of treo. oðer of stan.
oðer þ{urh} mare medschipe. of gold oðer of seoluer{;} ⁊ ȝeouen
ham misliche nome. of sunne oðer of mone. of wind of wude. of
wettres. ⁊ hersumið. ⁊ wurgið as þah ha godes weren. ne naueð he
þurh oðer þing i þis bileaue ibroht ow bute þ̵ ow þuncheð þ̵ ha
schulden leasten aa. forþi þ̵ ȝe ne schulen {95} ham neu{er}
biginnen. ah þer nis buten an godd þ{urh} hwam witerliche alle
weren i{}wrahte. ⁊ of nawt i þis woorld iset us forto frourin.
ant to fremien. ⁊ al{}swa as euch þing hefde biginnunge of his
godlec{;} al{}swa schulden alle habben endunge ȝef ha þ̵
[f. 14r] walden. engles ⁊ sawlen þurh þ̵ ha bigunnen ahten ⁊
mahten endin þurh cunde. {100} ah he þurh his milce. ⁊ godlec of
his grace makeð ham þ̵ ha beoð in eche buten ende. ⁊ ter uore
nis na þing euening. ne eche wið godd þ̵ ȝe gremieð. for he is
hare alre schuppent. ⁊ scheop as in su{m} time. ⁊ na time nes
neauer þ̵ he ne bigon te beon in.



XVIII. THE ORISON OF OUR LADY

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Cotton Nero A 14, British Museum. See [IX, Ancrene Wisse].”]]


[Headnote: Benedicta Tu in Mulieribus]

+On god ureisun of ure lefdi.+                                  [f. 120v

  ++Cristes milde moder seynte marie.
  Mines liues leome mi leoue lefdi.
  to þe ich buwe ⁊ mine kneon ich beie.
  and al min heorte blod to ðe ich offrie.
  þu ert mire soule liht. ⁊ mine heorte blisse.                        5
  Mi lif ⁊ mi tohope min heale mid iwisse.
  Jch ouh wurðie ðe mid alle mine mihte
  and singge þe lofsong bi daie ⁊ bi nihte.
  vor þu me hauest iholpen aueole kunne wise.
  and ibrouht of helle in{}to paradise.                               10
  Jch hit þonkie ðe mi leoue lefdi.
  and þonkie wulle þe hwule ðet ich liuie.
  alle cristene men owen don ðe wur`s´chipe.
  and singen ðe lofsong mid swuðe muchele gledschipe.
  vor ðu ham hauest alesed of deoflene honde.                         15
  and i{}send mid blisse to englene londe. |

    [Linenote:
    16. _isend_] _d_ corr. out of _t_.]

  wel owe we þe luuien mi swete lefdi.                          [f. 121r
  wel owen we uor þine luue ure heorte beien.
  þu ert briht ⁊ blisful ouer alle wu{m}men.
  and god ðu ert ⁊ gode leof ouer alle wepmen.                        20
  alle meidene were wurðeð þe one.
  vor þu ert hore blostme biuoren godes trone.
  nis no wu{m}mon iboren þet ðe beo iliche.
  ne non þer nis þin eming wið{}i{n}ne heoueriche.
  heih is þi kinestol onuppe cherubine.                               25
  biuoren ðine leoue sune wid{}i{n}nen seraphine.
  Murie dreameð engles biuoren þin onsene.
  pleieð ⁊ sw`e´ieð ⁊ singeð. bitweonen.
  Swuðe wel ham likeð biuoren þe to beonne.
  vor heo neu{er} ne beoð sead þi ueir to iseonne.                    30
  þine blisse ne mei no wiht understonden.
  vor al is godes riche an{}under þine honden.
  alle þine ureondes þu makest riche kinges.
  þu ham ȝiuest kinescrud beies ⁊ gold ringes.
  þu ȝiuest eche reste ful of swete blisse.                           35
  þer ðe neure deað ne com{;} ne herm ne sorinesse.
  þer bloweð i{n}ne blisse blostmen. hwite ⁊ reade.
  þer ham neu{er} ne mei. snou. ne uorst iureden,
  þer ne mei non ualuwen. uor þer is eche sumer.
  ne non liuiinde þing woc þer nis ne ȝeomer                          40
  þer heo schulen resten þe her ðe doð wurschipe.
  ȝif heo ȝemeð hore lif cleane urom alle queadschipe.
  þer ne schulen heo neu{er} karien ne swi`n´ken.
  ne weopen ne murnen ne helle stenches stinken.
  þer me schal ham steoren mid guldene chelle. |                      45
  and schenchen ham eche lif mid englene wille.                 [f. 121v
  ne mei non heorte þenchen ne no wiht arechen.
  ne no muð imelen ne no tunge te{ch}en
  hu muchel god ðu ȝeirkest wið{}inne paradise.

    [Linenote:
    48. _techen_] _tegen_ MS.]

  ham þet swinkeð dei ⁊ niht iðine seruise                            50
  al þin hird is i{}schrud mid hwite ciclatune.
  and alle heo beoð ikruned mid guldene krune.
  heo beoð so read so rose so hwit so þe lilie.
  and eu{er} more heo beoð gled ⁊ singeð þuruhut murie.
  Mid brihte ȝimstones hore krune is al biset.                        55
  and al heo doð þet ham likeð. so þet no þing ha{m} ne let.
  þi leoue sune is hore king ⁊ þu ert hore kwene.
  ne beoð heo neu{er} i{}dreaued mid winde ne mid reine.
  Mid ham is eu{er} more dei wið{}ute nihte.
  Song wið{}ute seoruwe ⁊ sib wið{}ute uihte.                         60
  Mid ham is muruhðe moniuold wið{}ute teone ⁊ treie.
  Gleobeames ⁊ gome inouh liues wil ⁊ eche pleie.
  þereuore leoue lefdi long hit þuncheð us wrecchen
  vort þu of þisse erme liue to ðe suluen us fecche.
  we ne muwen neuer habben fulle gledschipe.                          65
  er we to þe suluen kumen to þine heie wurschipe.
  Swete Godes moder softe meiden ⁊ wel icoren.
  þin iliche neu{er} nes ne neu{er}more ne wurð iboren.
  Moder þu ert ⁊ meiden cleane of alle laste.
  þuruhtut hei ⁊ holi in englene reste.                               70
  al englene were ⁊ alle holie þing
  Siggeð ⁊ singeð þet tu ert liues welsprung
  and heo siggeð alle þet ðe ne wonteð neu{er} ore.

    [Linenotes:
    73. _ðene_ MS.]

  ne no mon, þet ðe wurðeð ne mei neu{er} beon uorloren. |
  þu ert mire soule [leoue] wið{}ute leasunge.                  [f. 122r
  efter þine leoue sune{;} leouest alre þinge.                        76
  al is þe heouene ful of þine blisse.
  and so is al þes middeleard of þine mildheortnesse.
  So muchel is þi milce ⁊ þin e{d}modnesse.

    [Linenotes:
    79. _eomodnesse_ MS.]

  þet no mon þet ðe ȝeorne bit of helpe ne mei missen.                80
  ilch mon, þet to þe bisihð þu ȝiuest milce ⁊ ore.
  þauh he ðe habbe swuðe agult ⁊ i{}dreaued sore.
  þereuore ich ðe bidde holi heouene kwene.
  þet tu ȝif þi wille is iher{e} mine bene.

    [Linenotes:
    84. _iher_ MS.]

  ich ðe bidde lefdi uor þere gretunge.                               85
  þet Gabriel ðe brouhte urom ure heouen kinge.
  and ek ich ðe biseche uor ih{es}u cristes blode
  þet for ure note was i{}sched oðere rode.
  vor ðe muchele seoruwe ðet was oðine mode.
  þo þu et ðe deaðe him bi{}uore stode                                90
  þet tu me makie cleane wiðuten ⁊ eke wið{}i{n}nen.
  So þet me ne schende none kunnes sunne.
  þene loðe deouel ⁊ alle kunnes dweoluhðe.
  aulem urom me ueor awei mid hore fule fulðe.
  Mi leoue lif urom þine luue ne schal me no þing to{}dealen          95
  vor oðe is al ilong mi lif ⁊ eke min heale.
  vor þine luue i swinke ⁊ sike wel ilome
  vor þine luue ich ham ibrouht i{n} to þeoudome,
  vor þine luue ich uorsoc al þet me leof was.
  and ȝef ðe al mi suluen. looue lif iþench þu þes.                  100
  þet ich ðe wreðede sume siðe hit me reoweð sore.
  vor cristes fif wunden ðu ȝif me milce ⁊ ore.
  ȝif þu milce nauest of me þet ich wot wel ȝeorne |
  þet ine helle pine swelten ich schal ⁊ beornen.               [f. 122v
  ful wel þu me iseie þauh þu stille were.                           105
  hwar ich was ⁊ hwat i dude þauh þu me uorbere.
  ȝif þu heuedest wreche inumen of mine luðernesse.
  iwis ich heuede al uorloren paradises blisse.
  þu hauest ȝet forboren me uor þine godnesse.
  and nu ich hopie habben fulle uorȝiuenesse.                        110
  ne wene ich neure uallen in{}to helle pine.
  hwon ich am to ðe ikumen ⁊ am ðin owune hine
  þin ich am ⁊ wule beon nu ⁊ eu{er} more.
  vor oðe is al mi lif ilong ⁊ o godes ore.
  Mi leoue swete lefdi to þe me longeð swuðe.                        115
  bute ich habbe þine help ne beo ich neu{er} bliðe.
  ich þe bidde þet tu kume to mine uorð{}siðe.
  and nomeliche þeonne þine luue kuðe.
  auouh mine soule hwon ich of þisse liue uare
  and i{}schild me urom seoruwe ⁊ from eche deaðes kare.             120
  ȝif þu wult ðet ich iðeo gode ȝeme nim to me.
  vor wel ne wurð me neu{er} bute hit beo þuruh ðe.
  Mid swuþe luðere lasten mi soule is þuruh{}bunden.
  ne mei no þing so wel so þu healen mine wunden.
  to þe one is al mi trust efter þine leoue sune                     125
  vor is holie nome of mine liue ȝif me lu{n}e.
  ne þole þu þene unwine þet he me arine
  ne þet he me dra`w´e in to helle pine.
  nim nu ȝeme to me so me best a beo ðe beo.
  vor þin is þe wurchipe ȝif ich wre{c}che wel iþeo.                 130

    [Linenotes:
    126. _lune_] _luue_ MS. || 127. _arine_ on an erasure. ||
    128. _drawe_] _w_ over _ị_ MS. || 130. _wreeche_ MS.]

  þu ne uorsakest nenne mon uor his luðernesse.
  ȝif he `is´ to bote ȝeruh ⁊ bit þe uorȝiuenesse. |
  þu miht lihtliche ȝif þu wult al mi sor aleggen.              [f. 123r
  and muchele bet biseon to me þen ich kunne siggen.
  þu miht forȝelden lihtliche mine gretunge.                         135
  al mi swinc ⁊ mi sor ⁊ mine kneouwunge.
  Jne me nis noþing feier on to biseonne.
  Ne no þing þ̵ beo wurðe biuoren þe to beonne.

    [Linenote:
    138. _þingþ̵_ MS.]

  þereuore ich þe bidde þ̵ þu me wassc`h´e ⁊ schrude
  þuruh þine muchele milce þ̵ spert so swuðe wide                     140
  Nis hit ðe no wurðscipe þ̵ þe deouel me to{}drawe.
  ȝif þu wult hit iðauien iwis he wule ðurchut fawe.
  vor he nolde neu{er}re þ̵ þu hefedest wurðschipe.
  Ne no mon þ̵ þe wurðeð þ̵ he hedde gledschipe.
  þu hit wost ful ȝeorne þ̵ þe deouel hateð me.                       145
  and nomeliche þereuore þ̵ ich wurðie þe.
  þereuore ich þe bidde þ̵ þu me wite ⁊ werie.
  þet þe deouel me ne drecche ne dweolðe me ne derie.
  So þu dest ⁊ so þu schalt uor ðire mild{}heortnesse.
  þu schalt me aueir dol of heoueriche blisse.                       150
  ȝif ich habbe muchel ibroken, muchel ich wulle beten.
  and do mine schrifte ⁊ þe ueire greten.
  þe hwule þ̵ ich habbe mi lif ⁊ mine heale.
  vrom ðire seruise ne schal me no þing deale.
  biuoren þine uote ich wulle liggen ⁊ greden.                       155
  vort ich habbe uorȝiuenesse of mine misdeden.
  Mi lif is þin mi luue is þin mine heorte blod is þin.
  and ȝif ich der se`g´gen mi leoue leafdi þu ert min.
  alle wurðschipe haue þu on heouene and ec on eorðe.
  and alle gledschipe haue þu al so ðu ert wurðe. |                  160
  Nu ich þe bi{}seche ine cristes cherite.                      [f. 123v
  þet þu þine blescinge ⁊ þine luue ȝiue me.
  ȝeme mine licame ine clenenesse
  Godalmihti unne me vor his mild{}heortnesse.

    [Linenotes:
    Between ll. 163, 4, a line omitted: it was supplied at the top
    of the folio, but cut away by the binder. Zupitza read the traces
    of the last two words as _ine eadmodnesse_.]

  þ̵ ich mote þe iseo in ðire heie blisse.                            165
  and alle mine ureondmen þe bet beo nu to dai.
  þ̵ ich habbe i{}sungen þe ðesne englissce lai.
  and nu ich þe bi{}seche vor ðire holinesse.
  þet þu bringe þene Munuch to þire glednesse.
  þet funde ðesne song bi ðe mi looue leafdi.                        170
  Cristes milde moder seinte marie. amen.

    [Linenotes:
    169. _Munuch_] _nu_ on an erasure MS. || 170. _biðe_ MS.]



XIX. SAINT JULIANA

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“i. Bodleian 34, Oxford (B). ii. Royal 17 A 27, British Museum (R):
for descriptions see [XVI, Sawles Warde]. ... R is abbreviated ... the
joints are often visible.”]]


  (Royal MS.)

    (Bodleian MS.)


[f. 56r] +Her cumseð þe uie of seinte iuliane. ant telleð of
liflade hire.+

++In ure lauerdes luue þe is feader of frumschaft. ant on his
deorewurðe sunes nome. ant o þes hali{}gastes. þ̵ glideð of ham
baðen. alle lewede men. þ̵ understonden ne mahen latines
ledene. {5} liðin. ⁊ lustnin ane meidenes liflade. þ̵ is of
latin iturnd into englisch. þ̵ te lif{}hali lefdi. in heouene
luuie us þe mare. ant of þis lihinde lif : leade us wið hire ern
[f. 56v] dunge. þe is icoren of crist in{}to þe eche of heouene.


    [f. 36v] +I þe feaderes ⁊ i þe sunes ⁊ i þe hali gastes Name.
    Her Biginneð þe liflade. ant te passiun of seinte Juliene.+

    ++In ure lau{er}des luue þe feader is of frumscheft. ant iþe
    deore wurðmunt of his deorewurðe sune. ⁊ iþe heiunge of þe hali
    gast. þe of ham ba glideð. an godd unagin euch godes ful. Alle
    leawede {5} men. þe understonden ne muhen latines ledene. lideð
    ⁊ lusteð þe liflade of a meide{n}. [f. 37r] þ̵ is of latin
    iturnd{;} to englische leode. wið þon þat teos hali leafdi. in
    heouene luuie us þe mare. ⁊ þurh þis lihnide lif{;} leade us to
    þ̵ eche. þurh hire eadi erndunge. þ̵ c{ri}st is swiðe
    icweme. {10}

      [Linenote:
      5. _bað̣ẹ_ MS.]


++Þeos meiden. ant tis martir. wes iuliane ine{m}pnet. in
nichomedes {10} burh. ⁊ of heðene cun icume{n}. ant hire
fleschliche feder wes affrican ihaten. of þe heðene mest þeo þ̵
cristene weren{;} derfliche droh ham to deaðe. ah heo as þeo þ̵
te heouenlich feder luuede. leafde al hire aldrene lahen. ⁊
bigon to luuien þene liuiende lauerd þe lufsum godd. þ̵ wisseð
ant weldeð al þ̵ is on worlde{;} ⁊ al þ̵ iwraht is.


    ++Þeos meiden ⁊ teos martyr þ̵ ich of munne{;} wes Juliene
    inempnet. i Nichomedese burh. Al of heaðene cun icumen ⁊
    akennet. ⁊ hire fleshliche feader affrican hehte. þe heande ⁊
    heascede mest men þe weren cristene. ⁊ droh ha{m} þurh derue
    pinen to deaðe. Ah heo as þeo þ̵ te hehe heouenliche lau{er}d
    hefde his luue ile{n}et. leafde {15} hire ealdrene lahen ⁊ bigon
    to luuien þen áá liuiende goð þe lufsume lau{er}d. þ̵ schupte
    alle sche`a´ftes ⁊ wealdeð ⁊ wisseð efter þet his wil is. al þ̵
    ischeapen iS.

      [Linenotes:
      12. _Alḷ_ MS. || 15. _ileuet_ MS.]

Þa wes {15} biþon time as redegunge telleð. Maximian þe modi
keiser ine Rome heinde ant heriende heðene mawmez. wið unmeð
muchel hird ⁊ unduhti duheðe. ⁊ for{}demde alle þeo{;} þe on
drihtin bilefden. þes Maximian luuede an heh mon of cunne ant
eke riche of rente elewsius wes ihaten. ant weren as feolahes
þ{urh} muche freontschipe. {20} þis meidenes feder ⁊ he. weren
swiðe wel to gederes.


    ++Wes iþon time as þe redunge telleð. þe modi Maximien keiser
    irome. heriende. ⁊ heiende heaðene maumez. wið unimeað {20}
    muchel hird. ⁊ wið heh duheðe. ⁊ fordemde alle þeo þe o drihtin
    bilefden. Þes mihti maximien luuede an eleusium biuoren monie of
    his men. Akennet of heh cun. ⁊ swiðe riche of rente. ⁊ ȝung{e}
    mon of ȝeres. þes ȝunge mon eleusi{us}. þ̵ þ{us} wes wel wið þe
    king{e}. hefde iunne feolahschipe to affrican. ⁊ wes iwunet ofte
    to cumen wið him {25} [f. 37v] to his in. ⁊ iseon his dohter.

      [Linenote:
      25. _inune_ MS.]

as he sumchere iseh hire utnume feir. ant freoliche. he felde
hi{m} iwundet. þ̵ wið{}uten lechnunge of hire libben he ne
mahte. Affrican wiste wel þ̵ he wes freo boren. ⁊ þ̵ him walde
bicumen a freo boren burde. ant ȝettede h{im} his dohter. ⁊ wes
sone [f. 57r] ihondsald al hire unwilles. ah {25} heo truste on
him þat ne trukeneð namon{;} þ̵ trusteð treowliche on him. ant
euch deis dei eode to ch`i´rche to leornen godes lare.
ȝeornliche to witen hu ha mahte best witen hire unweommet. . .


    ++As he hefde en chere bihalden swiðe ȝeorne hire utnumne feire.
    ⁊ freoliche ȝuheðe{;} felde him iwundet in{}wið in his heorte
    wið þe flan þe of luue fleoð. swa þ̵ him þuhte þet ne mahte he
    nanes weis wið{}ute þe lechnunge of hire luue libben. Ant efter
    lutle {30} stounde wið{}ute long{e} steuene. wes him seolf sonde
    to affrican hire feader. ⁊ bisohte him ȝeorne þ̵ he hire ȝeue
    him. ⁊ he hire walde menskin wið al þ̵ he mahte. As þe þi{n}g i
    þe world þ̵ he meast luuede. Affrican wiste þ̵ he wes swið freo
    iboren. ant walde wel bicumen him a freo iboren burde. ⁊ ȝetede
    him his bone. Ha wes {35} him sone i{}hondsald þah hit hire
    unwil were. AH ha truste upon him þ̵ ne truked na mon. ha
    trewliche him truste on. ⁊ eode to chirche euche daheðes dei. to
    leornin godes lare. biddinde ȝeorne wið reowfule reames. þ̵ he
    wissede hire o hwuche wise ha mahte witen hire meiðhað.
    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . {40}

      [Linenote:
      36. After _were_, _al_ erased.]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ah as ha
wende hire summes weis to witene{;} sende him to seggen. þ̵ nalde
{30} ha lihten swa lahe ne nehlechen him for nan liuiende mon.
er þen he were under Maximian hehest in rome þ̵ is hehreue. Sone
so he iherde þis. he bi{}ȝet et te keiser þ̵ he ȝettede him reue
to beonne as þ̵ he iȝirnd hefde. ant he as me þa luuede. lette
leaden him i{n}to {c}ure. ⁊ te riche riden in. ⁊ tuhen him ȝont
te tun{;} from strete to strete. {35} ant al þe {c}ur wes
bitild. þ̵ he wes in. wið purpre wið pal. ⁊ wið ciclatu{n}.
⁊ deorewurðe claðes. as þe þ̵ heh þing hefde to heden. ant þa he
hefde þis idon{;} he sende hire to seggen. þ̵ he hefde hire wil
iwraht. ⁊ heo schulde his wurchen.

  [Linenotes:
  34, 36. _ture_ _tur_ MS. || 37. _ciclatur_ MS.]

    Ah heo forte werien hire wið him summe `h´wile : [f. 38r] sende
    him to seggen. þ̵ nalde ha nawt lihten se lahe to luuien. Ne
    nalde ha neolechin him for na liuiende mon. ear þen he were
    under Maximien. hehest i Rome. þ̵ is heh reue. He ase timliche
    as he hefde iherd þis. biȝet ed te Keiser þet he ȝette him al þ̵
    he walde. {45} ⁊ lette as me luuede þa leaden him i cure up o
    fowr hweoles. ⁊ teon him ȝeonte tun þron from strete to strete.
    Al þe cure ou{er}tild þ̵ he wes itohen on{;} wið purpres ⁊
    pelles. wið ciclatuns ⁊ cendals ⁊ deorewurðe claðes. AS þe þ̵ se
    heh þing hefde to heden. ant se riche refschipe to rihten ⁊ to
    readen. þa he hefde þus idon. sende hire þ{us} {50} to seggen
    hire wil he hefde iwraht. Nu his ha schulde wurchen.


++Iuliane þe edie i{es}u cristes leouemon of his blisfule luue
balde {40} hire seoluen. sende him to onswere [f. 57v] bi an of
hire sonden. Elewsius wite þu hit wel ireadi. wraðði so þu
wraðði. no lengre nulich hit heolen þe. ȝef þu wult leauen þe
lahen þ̵ tu list in. ant leuen in godd feder. ⁊ i{n} his
deorewurðe sune. ⁊ iþe hali gast. ichulle wel neomen þe. ȝef þu
nult no{;} þu art wundi of me. ⁊ oðer luue sech þe. {45} Þa þe
reue iherde þis{;} he wreððede him swiðe. ⁊ hire feder cleopede.
ant feng on to tellen him. hu his doht{er} droh him from deie to
deie. ant efter þ̵ he wende to habben his iwil so ha him þis
word sulliche sende. Bi þ̵ ilke godd q{uo}ð hire feder þ̵ me is
lað to gremien beo hit soð þ̵ tu seist to wraðer heale seide ha
hit. ant nu ichulle o great {50} grome al biteachen hire þe. to
wurchen þi wil. ⁊ al þ̵ te wel likeð as mit tin ahne. ⁊ me
cleopede hire forð biuoren hire feder.

    Juliene þe eadie ih{es}u c{ri}stes leofmon of his blisfule luue
    balde hire seolue{n}, ⁊ sende him al openliche bi sonde to
    seggen. þis word ha send te for nawt þu hauest iswechte. wreaðe
    se þu wreaðe. Do þ̵ tu do wult nule ich ne ne mei ich lengre
    heolen hit te ȝef þu wult {55} leauen. þe lahen þet tu liuest in
    ant leuen i godd feader. ⁊ in his deorwurðe sune. ⁊ i þe hali
    gast folkene froure. an godd [f. 38v] þ̵ is igret wið euches
    cunnes gode{;} Ich chule wel neome þe. ⁊ ȝef þ̵ tu nult no{;} þu
    art windi of me. ⁊ oðer luue sech þe. Þa þe hehe reue iherde þis
    ondswere{;} bigon to wreðen swiðe. ⁊ cleopede hire {60}
    feder{}forð. ⁊ feng on to tellen. hwuch word ha sende him. Efter
    þ̵ he wende forte habben idon al þ̵ he wilnede. Affrican hire
    feader wundrede him swiðe. ⁊ bigon to swerien. bi þe ilke godes
    þ̵ me is lað to gremien. beo hit soð þ̵ tu seiist{;} to wraðer
    heale. ha sehð hit. ant ich wulle o great grome al biteachen
    hire þe. ⁊ tu do hire. al þ̵ tu {65} wult. He þonkede him. ⁊ heo
    wes icleopet forð.

      [Linenotes:
      53. _al_] _ṭọ al_ MS.]

⁊ he feng feire to fondin his dohter Mi deorewurðe dohter
hwer{}fore uor{}sakestu þi sẏ. ant ti selhðe. þe weolen ant te
wu{n}nen þ̵ walden awakenin ant waxen of þi wedlac. þ̵ ich þe to
reade. for he is inoh {55} lauerd elewsius ine rome. ⁊ tu maht
beon leafdi dohter ȝef þu wel wult. Iuliane þe eadie onswerede
him ⁊ seide as þeo þat [f. 58r] ine godd hire hope hefde. ȝef he
wule leuen an god al mihti. þenne mei he speoken þrof ⁊ inoh
raðe speden. ant ȝef þ̵ he nule nawt. ne schal wiuen on me. wiue
þer his wil is.

    ⁊ affrican hire feader feng on earst feire on{;} to lokin ȝef he
    mahte wið eani luue speden. Juliene q{uo}ð he mi deorewurðe
    dohter. sei me hwi þu forsakest þi sy ⁊ ti selhðe? þe weole{n} ⁊
    te wunnen. þe walden awakenen. ⁊ waxen of þe wedlac þ̵ ich reade
    þe to : hit nis nan {70} eðelich þing. þe refschipe of rome. ant
    tu maht ȝef þu wult. beon burhene leafdi. ⁊ of alle þe londes þe
    þer{}to liggeð. Juliene þe eadie ontswerede him ⁊ seide. ȝef he
    wule luuien. ⁊ leuen g`o´dd. al mihti{;} þenne mei he [speoken]
    þrof. ⁊ speden inoh reaðe. for ȝef he þ̵ nule no{;} ich segge þe
    þ̵ soð is. ne schal he wiuen on me. Sei nu {75} hwet ti wil is.

      [Linenote:
      70. _ṭreade_ MS.]

þa hire feder iherde þis{;} {60} þa feng he to swerien. Bi mi
kinewurðe lauerd apollo. ant bi mi deore leafdi diane. þ̵ ich
muche luuie. ȝef þu haldest her{}on. ichulle leoten deor
to{}teore{n} ant to{}luken þe. ⁊ ȝeouen þi flesch{;} fuheles of
þe lufte. Iuliane him onswerede ⁊ softeliche seide. ne wen þu
nawiht leoue feder. þ̵ tu affeare me swa. for i{es}u crist godes
sune {65} þ̵ ich on leue ⁊ luuie as lauerd lufsumest on liue.
þah ich beo forbernd. ⁊ to{}loken limel. nulich heronont buhen
þe nawiht

    affrican wreaðede ⁊ [f. 39r] swor swiðe deopliche. for þe
    drihtfule godd apollo mi lau{er}d. ⁊ mi deore leafdi þe
    deorewurðe diane þ̵ ich muche luuie. ȝef þu haldest her{}on{;}
    ich schal leote wilde deor to{}luken ⁊ toteore þe ⁊ ȝeoue þi
    flesch fode to fuheles of þe lufte. Juliene him ondswerede. ⁊
    softeliche seide. Ne lef þu {80} nawt leoue feader þ̵ tu offeare
    me swa{;} ich swerie aȝein. þe ih{es}u c{ri}st godes sune. þ̵
    ich on leue. ⁊ luuie as leoflukest. ⁊ lufsumest lau{er}d. þah
    ich cwic beo forbearnd baðe lim ⁊ lið ileitinde leie. Nulle ich
    þe her onont þreate se þu þreate buhe ne beien.

Þa feng eft hire [feder] on wið olhnu{n}ge to fondi{n} ȝef he
mahte eisweis wenden hire heorte. ⁊ seide hire lufsumliche. þ̵
ne schulde ha nane wunne lihtliche wilnin{;} þ̵ he ne schulde
welden. wið þ̵ ha walde hire þonc wenden {70} Nai quoð þ̵ meiden
schuldich don me to him þ̵ is alle deoulen bitaht. ⁊ to eche deð
idemet. to furwurðen wið him world abuten ende. for his wedlakes
weole oðer for eni wunne. for soð ich hit segge un{}wurð is hit
me. ichulle þ̵ he hit wite wel. ant tu [f. 58v] eke mid him þ̵
ich am iweddet to an þ̵ ichulle treowliche to halden ant
wið{}uten les {75} luuien. þe is unlich him. ⁊ alle worldlich
men. ne nullich him nowðer leauen. ne lihen for weole ne for
wunne. for wa. ne for wunne þet ȝe mahen don me.


    [++A]ffrican feng eft on. ⁊ to fondin ongon ȝef he mahte eanis
    weis {85} wið olhnunge wenden hire heorte. ⁊ leoftede luueliche.
    ⁊ seide hire sikerliche. Þ̷ ne schulde ha lihtliche wilni na
    wunne{;} þ̵ ha ne schulde wealden. wið þe{re}an þ̵ ha walde hire
    wil wenden. Nai q{uo}ð ha þ̵ nis nawt. schulde ich do me to him.
    þ̵ alle deoflen is bitaht. ⁊ to eche deað fordemet. to forwurðe
    wið him worlt buten ende iþe putte {90} of helle? for his
    wedlackes weole oðer for ei wunne. To soðe ich hit segge þe.
    Vnwurð hit is me. Ich chulle þ̵ he wite hit ful wel. ⁊ tu eke
    mid al{;} i`c´h am to an iweddet þ̵ ich chulle treowliche wiðute
    leas luuien. þ̵ is unlich him ⁊ alle worltliche men. ne nulle
    ich neauer mare him lihen ne lea[f. 39v]uen. for weole ne for
    wunne. for {95} wa ne for wontreaðe þ̵ ȝe me mahen wurchen.

þa feng hire feder te wreððen swiðe ferlich ⁊ swiðe hokerliche
freinede. Me hwet is he þes were þ̵ tu art to iweddet. þ̵ tu
hauest wið{}uten me þine luue ilene[t] for hwam þu letest lutel
of {80} þ̵ tu schuldest luuie{n}. ne ich neuer þ̵ ich wite nes
wið him icnawen. For gode q{uo}ð þet meiden þin harm is þe mare
nawt forþi þet tu nauest ofte iherd of him ȝare. þ̵ is iesu
godes sune. þe forto lesen moncun þ̵ forloren schulden beon{;}
lette his deo`r´wurðe lif on rode. ne ich ne seh him neuer þ̵ me
sare for þuncheð. ah ichim luuie ant {85} leue as on lauerde. ne
schal me firsin him from{;} nowðer deouel ne mon. For mi lif
quoð hire feder þe schal laðin his luue for þu schalt beon
ibeaten. mid besmes swa bittre þ̵ tu wummon were. schal to
wraðe{r} heale iwurðen.

  [Linenotes:
  80. _ilenet_] MS. defective here. || 89. _wraðel_ MS.]


    ++Hire feader feng on to wreaððin swiðe ferliche ⁊ easkede hire
    hokerliche. Ant hwet is he þes were þ̵ tu art to iweddet. þ̵ tu
    hauest wið{}ute me se forð þi luue ile{n}et. þ̵ tu letest lutel.
    of al þ̵ tu schuldest luuien. Ne ich nes neauer þ̵ ich wite ȝet.
    wið him {100} icnawen. for gode q{uo}ð þe meiden þin hearm is þe
    mare. Nawt for{}þi þ̵ tu nauest iherd of him ȝare. Þ̷ is ih{es}u
    godes sune. þ̵ forte alesen moncun þ̵ schulde beon forloren
    al{;} lette lif o rode. Ich ne seh him neau{er} ⁊ þ̵ me
    of{}þuncheð. Ah ich him luuie ⁊ wulle don. ⁊ leue on as o
    lau{er}d. Ne schal me firsen him from. Nowðer {105} deouel ne
    mon. for mi lif q{uo}ð hire feader þe schal laðin his luue. for
    þu schalt habbe þrof hearm ⁊ scheome baðe ⁊ nu þu schalt on alre
    earst. as on ernesse swa beon ibeaten wið bittere besmen. þ̵ tu
    were wummon of wu{m}mone bosum to wraðerheale eau{er} iboren iþe
    worlde.

      [Linenote:
      99. _ileuet_ MS.]

Swa muche quoð ha ich iwurðe him þe leouere{;} So ich derure
þing for his luue drehe. þ̵ ti wil is{;} wurch nu. {90} ⁊ he het
hatterliche strupen hire steortnaket. ⁊ beten hire swa luðere þ̵
hire leofliche lich{;} liðeri al oblode. ⁊ swa ha duden so
luðere þ̵ te blod ȝet adun of þe ȝerden. ⁊ heo bigon to ȝeien.
Beaten so ȝe beaten ȝe beliales bu[f. 59r]deles. ne mahe ȝe
nowðer mi luue ne min bileaue lutlen toward him mi lufsum leof
mi leowinde lauerd ne {95} nullich leauen ower read þ̵ for
readeð ow seoluen. ne ower mix mawmex þ̵ beoð þes feondes fetles
heien ne herien. for teone ne for tintreow þ̵ ȝe mahen timbrin.
Na quoð he is hit swa hit schal sutelin sone. for ichulle
biteachen mislich þi bodi to elewsium þe riche reue irome ant he
schal for{}swelten ant for{}reden þe efter es wille wið {100}
allescunnes pinen.

  [Linenote:
  98. _schal_] _salch_ MS.]

    Swa muche q{uo}ð þ̵ meiden ich beo him þe leou{er}e. se
    ich {110} derfre þing for his luue drehe. [wurch] þu þ̵ ti wil
    is. Ȝe q{uo}ð he bliðeliche. ant swiðe heatterliche. strupen
    hire steort naket. ⁊ leggeð se luðer[f. 40r]liche on hire
    leofliche lich{;} {þ̵} hit liðeri o blode. Me nom hire ⁊ dude
    swa þ̵ hit ȝeat adun of þe ȝerden. ant heo bigon to ȝeien.
    Beaten se ȝe beaten ȝe beliales budeles. ne mahe ȝe nowðer {115}
    mi luue ne mi bileaue lutlin towart te liuiende godd mi leofsume
    leofmon. þe luuewurðe lau{er}d. ne nulle ich leuen ower read þe
    forreadeð ow seolf. ne þe mix maumez þe beoð þes feondes
    fetles{;} heien ne herien. for teone ne for tintreohe þ̵ ȝe me
    mahe timbrin. Na nult tu q{uo}ð affrican. hit schal sone
    sutelin. for ich chulle sende {120} þe nu ⁊ biteache þi bodi to
    eleusiu{m} þe riche þ̵ reue is ou{er} rome. ant he schal þe
    forreaden. ⁊ makie to forswelten. as his ahne wil is þurh al þet
    eauer sar iS.

      [Linenotes:
      111. After _drehe_ an erasure of three letters MS. ||
      112. _leggeð_ corr. out of _leggen_ MS. || 113. _þ̵_] _⁊_ MS.]

ȝe quoð þis meiden þ̵ mei crist welden. for ne mahe ȝe nawt don
me bute hwet he wule þeauien ow to muchelin mi mede ⁊ te murðe
þ̵ lið to meiðhades menske for euer so ȝe mare merrið me her{;}
so mi crune bið brihtre ⁊ fehere. for ichulle bliðeliche drehen
euer{}euch derf for mi deore lauerdes luue. ant softe me {105}
bið euch derf hwen ich him serui þah þume to elewsium willes
biteache{;} ne ȝeue ich for inc nowðer. þ̵ ȝe me mahen harmen.
for so ȝe mare me her harmeð. so mare [3]e me helpeð seoueuald
to heouene. ⁊ ȝef ȝe me doð to deaðe hit bið me deorewurðe ant
ich schal þer þ{urh} bliðe bicumen into endelese blissen ant ȝe
schulen wrecches {110} áwei ower wurðes þ̵ ȝe iboren weren
sinken to wraðer heale ow to þe bale bitter deope into helle.


    ++Ȝe q{uo}ð þis meiden þ̵ mei godd welden. ne mahe ȝe nawt do me
    bute þet he wule þeauien ⁊ þolien ow to donne to mu{c}li mi
    mede {125} ⁊ te murhðe þ̵ lið to meiðhades menske. for eauer se
    ȝe nu her mearreð me mare{;} se mi crune schal beon brihttre ba
    ⁊ fehere. for{}þi ich chulle bliðeliche ⁊ wið bliðe heorte
    drehen eauer euch derf. for mi leofmones luue þe lufsume
    lau{er}d ⁊ softe me bið euch sar in his seruise. þu wult þu
    seist aȝeoue me to eleusium þe luðere. {130} a{}ȝef [f. 40v] me
    for nawiht ne ȝeoue ich for inc nowðer. Þet ȝe mahen ane pine me
    here. Ah hit ne hearmeð me nawt ah helpeð ⁊ heueð up ⁊ makeð
    mine murhðes monifalde in heouene. ant ȝef ȝe doð me to deað.
    hit bið deore to godd. ⁊ ich schal bliðe bicumen to endelese
    blissen. ant ȝe schulen wrecches wei ower wurðes. {135} þ̵ ȝe
    weren iþe worlt iboren ⁊ i{}broht forð se wraðer heale ȝe schule
    sinken adun to sar ⁊ to eche sorhe. to bitternesse ant to bale
    deope into helle.

      [Linenote:
      125. _mutli_ MS.]

+H+ire feder affrican þ{urh} þis bittre teone bitahte hire to
elewsium þe luðere [f. 59v] reue. ant he lette bringen hire
biuoren him to his heh seotel as he set in dome as reue of þe
burhe . . . {115}


    [++A]ffrican hire feader bitterliche iteonet bitahtte hire
    eleusium þe luðere reue of rome ⁊ lette bringen hire biuoren
    his {140} eh{}sihðe. as he set ⁊ demde. þe hehe burh domes. . .
    . . . .

[f. 61r] þa elewsius iseh þis þ̵ ha þus feng on to festnen hire
seoluen þohte þ̵ he walde anan don hire ut of dahene ⁊ bed swiðe
bringen hire brune of wallinde breas ant healden on hire heauet
þ̵ hit urne endelong hire leofliche bodi dun to þe helen ant swa
me dude sone. ah hire hende healent wiste hire unweommet.
elewsius {120} warð wod ut of his witte. ant nuste hwet seggen ⁊
het swiðe don hire ut of his ehsihðe. ⁊ dreihen hire into darc
hus ⁊ p{ri}sunes pine. ant he duden sone. Heo as ha þrinne wes
in þeosternesse hire ane feng te cleopien to crist ant bidden
þeos bone.

    [f. 41v] [++Þ]a eleusius seh þ̵ ha þ{us} feng on to festnin hire
    seoluen isoðe bileaue{;} þohte he walde don hire anan ut of
    dahene : ⁊ bed biliue bringen forð brune walli{n}de bres. ⁊
    healden hit se wal [f. 42r] hat hehe up on hire heaued. þ̵ hit
    urne {145} enddelong hire leofliche lich adun to hire helen. Me
    dude al as he het. Ah þe worldes wealdent þ̵ wiste sein iuhan
    his ewang{e}liste unhurt iðe ueat of wallinde eoli þer he wes
    i{}don in. þ̵ ase hal com up þrof{;} as he wes hal meiden. þe
    ilke liues lau{er}d. wiste him unwemmet. his brud of þe bres þ̵
    wes wallinde. swa þ̵ ne þuhte {150} hit hire buten ase wlech
    weater al þ̵ ha felde. Eleusius wod þa nuste hwet segen. Ah
    hehte swiðe don hire ut of his eh{}sihðe. ⁊ dreaien in{}to dorc
    hus to prisunes pine ant swa ha wes idon sone.

      [Linenotes:
      143. After _hire_, _ọf_ MS. || 146. _heạlen_ MS.]


++Lauerd godd al mihti. mi murhðe ant mi mede mi sy ant mi {125}
selhðe þu isist hu icham bistaðet ant bi{}stonden festne mi
bileaue steor me ant streng me. for al mi strencðe is uppon þe.
mi fedeR. ⁊ mi modeR for ich nulle for{}saken þe{;} habbeð
for{}saken me ⁊ al mi nest falde cun me heaneð þet schulden mine
freond beon{;} beoð me mest feondes ant mine hinen me beoð mest
heanen ah habbich þin {130} anes help icham wil cweme ne leaf
þume neuer liuiende lauerd as þu wistest daniel bimong þe wode
leuns ant te þreo chil[f. 61v]dren ananie zacharie misael
inempnet.


    [++H]eo as ha þrinne wes i þeost{er}nesse hire ane. feng
    to {155} cleopien to c{ri}st ⁊ bidde þeos bone. lau{er}d godd
    al{}mihti mi murhðe ⁊ mi mede. mi sẏ ⁊ al þe selhðe. þ̵ ich
    efter seche þu sist al hu ich am bisteaðet ⁊ bistonden. festne
    mi bileaue. Riht me ⁊ read me. for al mi trust is on þe. Steor
    me ⁊ streng me for al mi strengðe is of þe. Mi feader ⁊ Mi moder
    for{}þi þ̵ ich nule þe {160} forsaken{;} habbe forsake me. ⁊ al
    mi nestfalde cun. þ̵ schulde beo me best freond{;} beoð me meast
    feondes. ⁊ mine in{}hinen{;} alre meast hea[r]men. herewurðe
    healent. habbe [f. 42v] ich þin anes help. ich am wil{}cweme ne
    forleaf þu me nawt luuiende lau{er}d. as þu biwistest daniel
    bimong þe wode liuns ilatet se luðere. ⁊ te þreo {165} children
    þe chearre nalden from þe lahen þ̵ ha schulden luuien. Ananie ⁊
    Azarie ⁊ Misahel inempnet.

      [Linenotes:
      159. Between _mi_ and _trust_, erasure of five letters MS. ||
      163. _heamen_ MS.]

bi{}wistest unweo{m}met from þe ferliche fur of þe furneise swa
þu wite ant witen me to witen me from sunne. lauerd þurh þis
lease lif{;} lead me to lestinde to þe hauene {135} of heale as
þu leddest israeles folc þurh þe reade sea buten schip druifot
ant hare fan senchtest þ̵ ham efter sohten afal þumine famen ant
to{}drif drihtin þen deouel þ̵ me derueð. for ne mei na mon
wið{}uten þi strencðe stonden him aȝeines lef me þ̵ ich mote
i{}seon him ȝet schent{;} þ̵ weneð me to schrenchen ant
schunchen of þe {140} weie{;} þ̵ leadeð to eche lif. wite me
from his lað ant wið his crefti crokes. wite me wið mine unwines
þ̵ tu beo euer iheret ant iheiet in heouene ant in eorðe beo þu
áá iblescet as þu were ant art. ant euer schalt beon in eche
blisse. amen.

    Al þu al wealdent biwistest ha{m} unwemmet. wid þ̵ ferliche fur
    i þe furneise. swa þu wunne of þe worlt wite me ⁊ were ⁊
    wit{er}e. ⁊ wisse þurh þi wisdom to wite me wið sunne. lau{er}d
    liues lattow. lead me þurh þis lease. þis lutle {170} leastinde
    lif{;} to þe hauene of heale. As þu lead`d´est isr{ae}les leode
    of egipte bute schip dru fot þurh þe reade sea. ⁊ asenchtest
    hare uan þe ferden ham efter. ⁊ tu folkes feader. aual mine
    va{}men. ⁊ tu drihtin to{}drif þe deouel þ̵ me derueð. for ne
    mei na monnes st`r´engðe wið{}uten þin stonden him to ȝeines.
    lef me þ̵ ich mote {175} mihti meinfule godd iseon him ischeomet
    ȝet þe weneð me to schrenchen. ⁊ schunchen of þe nearowe wei þ̵
    leadeð to eche lif. loke me from his lað liuiende lau{er}ð. Make
    me war ⁊ wite me wið his crefti crokes. þ̵ ha me ne crechen.
    were me swa wið þen vnwine. helpleses heale. Þ̷ tu beo iheiet ⁊
    i{}heret eaure in eorðe. as in {180} heouene. [f. 43r] Beo þu aa
    iblescet lau{er}d as þu were ant art ⁊ schalt beon in eche.

      [Linenote:
      177. After _⁊_, _þ̣ụṇ_ MS.]



XX. THE OWL AND THE NIGHTINGALE

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“i. Jesus College, Oxford, E 29 (J); see [VI, Alfred]. ii. Cotton
Caligula A 9, British Museum (C); see XIV, Laȝamon. They are copies of
a common exemplar X, which was probably taken directly from the poet’s
original. X was written by two scribes; the work of the first is
represented in ll. 1-353 of the present selection; that of the second
in ll. 354-437; the former was accustomed to French scribal methods.
The writer of C was a mechanical copyist and not at home in English,
consequently he reproduces X with tolerable accuracy. The scribe of J
was more independent (see [VI, Alfred, second paragraph in the
e-text]).”]]


  (Jesus College MS.)

      (Cotton MS.)

  [Transcriber’s Note:
  The page numbers from the two MSS overlap:
  Jesus 229r¹ - 241v²; Cotton 233r¹ - 246r¹.]


  +Incip{it} Alt{er}cacio int{er} filomenam ⁊ Bubonem.+

  ++Ich wes in one sumere dale.                                [f. 229r¹
  In one swiþe dyele hale.
  I herde ich holde grete tale.
  An vle and one nẏhtegale.
  Þat playd wes· stif· ⁊ starc· ⁊ stro{n}g.                            5
  Sum hwile softe· ⁊ lud among.
  And eyþer a{}yeyn oþer swal.
  And let þat vuele mod vt al.
  And eyþer seyde of oþres custe.
  þat alre wrste þat hi ywuste.                                       10
  ⁊ hure ⁊ hure of oþres songe.
  hi holde playding swiþe stronge.

    [Linenote:
    6. _among_] _o_ corr. out of _g_.]


      ++Ich was in one sum{er}e dale.                          [f. 233r¹
      In one suþe diȝele hale.
      I herde ich holde grete tale.
      An hule and one niȝtingale.
      Þat plait was stif ⁊ starc ⁊ stro{n}g.                           5
      Sum wile softe ⁊ lud among.
      An a{i}þer aȝen oþer sval.
      ⁊ let þat wole mod ut al.
      ⁊ eiþer seide of oþeres custe.
      þat alre worste þat hi wuste.                                   10
      ⁊ hure and hure of oþere[s] songe
      Hi holde plaiding suþe stronge.

        [Linenotes:
        XX. 7. _asþer_. _oþer_ in margin MS. || 10. _alẹre_ MS.]

  Þe Nihtegale bi gon þo speke.
  In one hurne of one beche.
  ⁊ sat vp one vayre bowe.                                            15
  þat were abute blostme ynowe.
  In ore vaste thikke hegge.
  I meynd myd spire. ⁊ g{re}ne segge.
  He wes þe gladd{re}. vor þe ryse.
  ⁊ song a veole cunne wyse.                                          20
  Bet þuhte þe drem. þat he were.
  of harpe· ⁊ pipe· þan he nere.
  Bet þuhte þat heo were i{}shote.
  of harpe· ⁊ pipe· þan of þrote.


      ++Þe niȝtingale bigon þe speche.
      In one hurne of one breche.
      ⁊ sat upone vaire boȝe.                                         15
      þar were abute blosme inoȝe.
      In ore waste þicke hegge.
      Imeind mid spire ⁊ grene segge.
      Ho was þe gladur uor þe rise.
      ⁊ song auele cunne wise.                                        20
      {B}et þuȝte þe dreim þat he were.
      Of harpe ⁊ pipe þan he nere.
      Bet þuȝte þat he were ishote.
      Of harpe ⁊ pipe þan of þrote.

        [Linenotes:
        21. _Bet_] _Het_ MS. || 23. _is hote_ MS.]

  Þo stod on old stok. þar bẏ side.                                   25
  Þar þe vle song hire tyde.
  And wes myd ivi al bi{}growe.
  Hit wes þare vle erdingstowe.

      [Þ]o stod on old stoc þarbiside.                                25
      þar þo vle song hire tide.
      ⁊ was mid iui al{}bigrowe.
      Hit was þare hule eardingstowe.

  Þe Nihtegale hi iseyh.
  ⁊ hi{}biholdeþ. and ouer{}seyh.                                     30
  ⁊ þuhte wel ful of þare vle.
  For me hi halt. lodlich ⁊ fule. |
  vnwyht heo seide a{}wey þu fleo.                             [f. 229r²
  Me is þe wurs. þat ich þe iseo.
  Iwis for þine wle lete.                                             35
  wel ofte ich my song fur{}lete
  Min heorte atflyhþ· ⁊ falt my tunge.
  hwenne þu art to me i{}þrunge.
  Me luste bet speten þane singe.
  of þine fule howelynge.                                             40

      [Þ]e niȝtingale hi iseȝ.
      ⁊ hi bihold ⁊ ouerseȝ.                                          30
      ⁊ þuȝte wel wl of þare hule.
      For me hi halt lodlich ⁊ fule.
      vn wiȝt ho sede a{}wei þu flo.
      Me is þe wrs þat ich þe so. |
      I wis for þine wle lete.                          [f. 233r²     35
      wel oft ich mine song forlete.
      Min horte atfliþ ⁊ falt mi tonge.
      wonne þu art to me iþrunge.
      Me luste bet speten þane singe.
      Of þine fule ȝoȝelinge.                                         40

  Þeos vle abod for hit wes eve.
  heo ne myhte no leng bileue.
  vor hire heorte wes so gret.
  þat wel neyh hire fnast at{}set.
  ⁊ warp a word þar after longe.                                      45
  hw þynk þe nu bi mine songe.
  Wenestu þat ich ne kunne singe.


      ++Þos hule abod fort hit was eve.
      Ho ne miȝte no leng bileue.
      vor hire horte was so gret.
      þat welneȝ hire fnast at{}schet.
      ⁊ warp a word þar aft{er} longe.                                45
      Hu þincþe nu bi mine songe.
      we[n]st þu þat ich ne cunne singe.

  Þe ich ne cunne of wrytelinge.
  Ilome þu dest me grome.
  ⁊ seist me boþe teone ⁊ schome.                                     50
  If ich þe heolde on myne vote.
  So hit bitide þat ich mote.
  ⁊ þu were vt of þine ryse.
  þu scholdest singe on oþer wise.

      þeȝ ich ne cunne of writelinge.
      I{}lome þu dest me g{ra}me
      ⁊ seist me boþe tone ⁊ schame                                   50
      Ȝif ich þe holde on mine uote.
      So hit bitide þat ich mote.
      ⁊ þu were vt of þine rise.
      þu sholdest singe an oþer w[i]se.

  Þe Nihtegale ȝaf onsware.                                           55
  If ich me loki wiþ þe bare.
  ⁊ me schilde wit þe blete.
  Ne recche ich nouht of þine þrete.
  If ich me holde i{n} myne hegge
  Ne recche ich neuer hwat þu segge.                                  60
  Ich wot þat þu art vnmilde.
  wiþ heom þat ne muwe fro{m} þe schilde.


      ++Þe niȝtingale ȝaf answare.                                    55
      ȝif ich me loki wit þe bare.
      ⁊ me schilde wit þe blete.
      Ne reche ich noȝt of þine þrete.
      ȝif ich me holde in mine hegge.
      Ne recche ich neu{er} what þu segge.                            60
      Ich wot þat þu art un{}milde.
      Wiþ hom þat ne muȝe fro{m} {þ}e schilde.

        [Linenote:
        62. _þe_] _se_ MS.]

  And þu tukest wroþe ⁊ vuele
  Hwar þu myht ouer smale vowele. |
  vor{}þi þu art loþ al fowel cunne.                    [f. 229v¹     65
  ⁊ alle heo þe dryueþ heonne.
  ⁊ þe bi{}scrycheþ. ⁊ bi{}gredeþ
  ⁊ wel narewe þe by{}ledeþ.
  ⁊ ek forþe þe sulue mose
  hire þonkes wolde þe to{}tose.                                      70

      ⁊ þu tukest wroþe ⁊ vuele.
      Whar þu miȝt over smale fuȝele.
      Vorþi þu art loþ al fuel{}kunne.                                65
      ⁊ alle ho þe driueþ honne.
      ⁊ þe bi{}schricheþ ⁊ bi{}gredet.
      ⁊ wel narewe þe bi{}ledet. |
      ⁊ ek forþe þe sulue mose.                                [f. 233v¹
      Hire þonkes wolde þe totose.                                    70

  þu art lodlich to bi{}holde.
  And þu art loþ i{n} monye volde.
  þi bodi is scort. þi swere is smal.
  Gretture is þin heued ne þu al.
  þin éyen beoþ col{}blake ⁊ brode.                                   75
  Ryht so hi were{n} ipeynt myd wod{e}
  þu starest so þu wille abyten
  Al þat þu myht myd clyure smyte{n}
  þi bile is stif· ⁊ sarp· ⁊ hoked.
  Riht as on ewel þat is croked.                                      80
  þar myd þu clechest eu{er} amo{n}g.
  And þat is on of þine song.

    [Linenote:
    75. _en ... brode_ on an erasure.]

      Þu art lodlich to biholde.
      ⁊ þu art loþ in monie volde.
      þi bodi is short þi swore is. smal.
      Grett{er}e is þin heued þan þu al.
      þin eȝene boþ colblake ⁊ brode.                                 75
      Riȝt swo ho were{n} ipei{n}t mid wode.
      þu starest so þu wille abiten.
      Al þat þu mist mid cliure smiten.
      þi bile is stif ⁊ scharp ⁊ hoked.
      Riȝt so an owel þat is croked.                                  80
      þar{}mid þu clackes oft`e´ ⁊ longe.
      ⁊ þat is on of þine songe.

  Ac þu þretest to myne vleysse.
  Mid þine cleures woldest me meysse.
  þe were i{}cundere to one frogge.                                   85
  þat sit at Mulne vnder cogge.
  Snayles. Mus. and fule wihte.
  Beoþ þine cunde ⁊ þine rihte.
  Þu sittest a day and flyhst a niht.
  þu cuþest þat þu art on vnwiht.                                     90
  þu art lodlich· and unclene.
  Bi þine neste· ich hit mene.
  And ek bi þine fule brode.
  Þu vedest on heo{m} a wel ful vode.
      .   .   .   .   .   .   .

    [Linenote:
    91. _⁊ and_ MS.]

      Ac þu þretest to mine fleshe.
      Mid þine cliures woldest me meshe.
      þe were icundur to one frogge.                                  85
      [Þat sit at mulne under cogge.]
      Snailes, mus ⁊ fule wiȝte.
      Boþ þine cunde ⁊ þine riȝte.
      þu sittest adai and fliȝ[s]t aniȝt.
      þu cuþest þat þu art on unwiȝt.                                 90
      þu art lodlich ⁊ unclene.
      Bi þine neste ich hit mene.
      ⁊ ek bi þine fule brode.
      þu fedest on hom a wel ful fode.
         .   .   .   .   .   .

        [Linenotes:
        86. Line omitted in MS. but there is a mark on margin.
        89. _fliȝst_] _iȝ_ corr. out of _u_.]


  ++Þeos word ayaf þe nihtegale.                           [f. 230r¹  95
  And after þare longe tale.
  Heo song so lude. ⁊ so scharpe.
  Ryht so me g{ru}lde. schille harpe.
  þeos vle luste þiderward.
  ⁊ heold hire eyen neþerward.                                       100
  ⁊ sat to{}swolle ⁊ to bolewe.
  so heo hedde one frogge i`s´wolwe.
  For heo wel wiste. ⁊ was i{}war.
  þat heo song hire a bysemar
  ⁊ naþeles heo yaf ondsware.                                        105
  hwy nel{}tu fleon i{n}to bare.
  And schewi hweþer vnker beo.
  of briht{er} hewe. of fayrur bleo.

    [[The “e” in “Þeos” was subscripted in two different printings.
    The subscript is not explained in the Notes.]]

      ++Þos word a ȝaf þe niȝtingale.                          234r¹  95
      ⁊ aft{er} þare longe tale.
      He song so lude ⁊ so scharpe.
      Riȝt so me grulde schille harpe.
      þos hule luste þiderward.
      ⁊ hold hire eȝe noþerwa[r]d.                                   100
      ⁊ sat to svolle ⁊ ibolwe.
      also ho hadde one frogge isuolȝe.
      for ho wel wiste ⁊ was i{}war.
      þat ho song hire a bisemar.
      ⁊ noþeles ho ȝaf andsuare.                                     105
      whi nel{}tu flon in{}to þe bare.
      ⁊ sewi þare unk{er} bo.
      Of briȝt{er} howe of uairur blo.

        [Linenote:
        105. _ȝas_ corr. in margin to _ȝaf_.]

  No. þu hauest scharpe clawe.
  Ne kepe ich noht þat þu me clawe.                                  110
  þu hauest clyures swiþe stro{n}ge.
  þu twengest þar mid so doþ a tonge.
  þu þoutest so doþ þine ilyche.
  Mid fayre worde me biswike.

      No þu hauest wel scharpe clawe.
      Ne kepich noȝt þat þu me clawe.                                110
      þu hauest cliuers su{}þe stronge.
      þu tuengst þar{}mid so doþ a tonge.
      þu þoȝtest so doþ þin ilike.
      Mid faire worde me bi{}swike.

  Ich nolde don þat þu me raddest.                                   115
  Ich wiste wel þat þu me misraddest.
  schomye þe vor þine vnrede.
  vn{}wryen is þi swikehede.
  schild þi swikedo{m} fro{m} þe lyhte.
  And hud þat wowe a{}mo{n}g þe ryhte.                               120
  hwanne þu wilt þu vnriht spene.
  Loke þat hit ne beo isene. |
  vor swikedom haueþ schome and het                            [f. 230r²
  If hit is ope. and vnder yete.

      Ich nolde don þa`t´ þu me raddest.                             115
      Ich wiste wel þat þu me mis{}raddest.
      Schamie þe for þin unrede.
      vn{}wroȝen is þi svikelhede.
      Schild þine svikeldom vram þe liȝte.
      ⁊ hud þat woȝe amonȝ þe riȝte.                                 120
      þane þu wilt þin unriȝt spene.
      Loke þat hit ne bo i{}sene.
      vor svikedom haued schome ⁊ hete.
      ȝif hit is ope ⁊ under ȝete.

        [Linenote:
        115. _þat_] _t_ added by a second hand.]

  Ne spedestu nouht mid þin vn{}wrenche                              125
  For ich am war. and can blenche.
  Ne helpeþ noht· þat þu bo· to þriste.
  Ich wolde vyhte bet myd liste.
  þan þu mid al þine strengþe.
  Ich habbe on brede· ⁊ ek on lengþe.                                130
  Castel god on myne ryse.
  wel fyht þat wel flyhþ. seyþ þe wise.
  Ac lete awey þeos cheste.
  For suche wordes beoþ vnwreste.

      Ne speddestu noȝt mid þine unwrenche.                          125
      for icham war ⁊ can wel blenche.
      Ne helpþ noȝt þat þu bo to {þ}riste. |
      Ich wolde viȝte bet mid liste.                           [f. 234r²
      þan þu mid all þine strengþe.
      Ich abbe on brede ⁊ eck on lengþe.                             130
      Castel god on mine rise.
      wel fiȝt þat wel fliȝt seiþ þe wise.
      ac lete we a{}wei þos cheste.
      vor suiche wordes boþ unwerste.

        [Linenotes:
        127. _þriste_] _wriste_ MS. || 130. _eck_ corr. out of
        _ech_ MS.]

  And fo we on· myd rihte dome.                                      135
  Mid fayre worde. ⁊ myd some.
  þeyh we ne beon at on acorde.
  we mawe bet myd fayre worde.
  wiþ{}vte cheste· and bute vyhte.
  Playde mid soþe. ⁊ mid ryhte.                                      140
  ⁊ may vr eyþer hwat he wile.
  Mid rihte segge. ⁊ myd skile.

      ⁊ fo we on mid riȝte dome.                                     135
      Mid faire worde ⁊ mid wsome.
      þeȝ we ne bo at one acorde.
      we muȝe bet mid fawre worde.
      wit{}ute cheste ⁊ bute fiȝte.
      Plaidi mid foȝe ⁊ mid riȝte.                                   140
      ⁊ mai hure eiþer wat h{e} wile.
      Mid riȝte segge ⁊ mid sckile.

        [Linenote:
        141. _he_] _hi_ MS.]


  ++Þo qwaþ þe vle. hwo schal vs seme.
  þat cunne ⁊ wille riht vs deme.
  Ich wot wel quaþ þe nyhtegale.                                     145
  Ne þarf þer of beo no tale.
  Mayster Nichol· of guldeuorde.
  he is wis· and war· of worde.


      ++Þo quaþ þe hule {wo} schal us seme.
      þat kunne ⁊ wille riȝt us deme.
      Ich wot wel quaþ þe niȝtingale.                                145
      Ne þaref þar of bo no tale.
      Maist{er} nichole of guldeforde.
      He is wis an war of worde.

  he is of worde swyþe glev.
  And him is loþ eurich vnþeu.                                       150
  he wot insyht i{n} euche songe.
  hwo singeþ wel. hwo singeþ wronge.
  And he con schede from þe rihte.
  Þat wowe. þat þuster fro{m} þe lyhte.

      He is of dome suþe gleu.
      ⁊ him is loþ eurich unþeu.                                     150
      He wot in{}siȝt in eche songe.
      wo singet wel wo singet wronge.
      ⁊ he can schede vrom þe riȝte.
      þat woȝe þat þust{er} from þe liȝte.

        [Linenote:
        143. _wo_] _þu_ MS.]


  ++Þe vle. one hwile hi bihouhte.                                   155
  And after þan þis word up brouhte. |
  Ich graunti wel þa`t´ he vs d{e}me.                          [f. 230v¹
  For þeyh he were hwile breme.
  ⁊ leof him wre Nihtingale.
  And oþer wyhte gent ⁊ smale.                                       160
  Ich wot. he is nu þe acoled.
  Nis he vor þe nouht afoled.


      ++Þo hule one wile hi bi{}þoȝte.                               155
      ⁊ aft{er} þan þis word up broȝte.
      Ich granti wel þat he us deme.
      vor þeȝ he were wile breme.
      ⁊ lof him were niȝtingale.
      ⁊ oþer wiȝte gente ⁊ smale.                                    160
      Ich wot he is nu suþe acoled. |
      Nis he vor þe noȝt afoled.                               [f. 234v¹

  þat he vor þine olde luue.
  Me a dun legge ⁊ þe a buue.
  N[e] schaltu. neuer so him queme.                                  165
  þat he vor þe fals dom deme.
  he is nv ripe. ⁊ fast rede.
  Ne luste hym nv to non vnred{e}.
  Nv him ne lust namore pleye
  he wile gon a rihte weye.                                          170

      þat he for þine olde lo`u´ue.
      Me adun legge ⁊ þe buue.
      Ne schaltu neure so him queme.                                 165
      þat he forþe fals dom deme.
      He is him ripe ⁊ fastrede.
      Ne lust him nu to none unrede.
      Nu him ne lust na more pleie.
      He wile gon a riȝte weie.                                      170

        [Linenote:
        167. A mark in margin apparently calling attention to
        _him_, MS.]


  ++Þe nihtegale· wes al ware.
  heo hedde ileorned· wel ihware.
  vle heo seyde seye me soþ.
  hwi dostu þat vnwihtes doþ.
  þu singest a nyht ⁊ nouht a{}day.                                  175
  And al þi song is way{}laway.
  þu miht mid þine songe afere.
  Alle þat hereþ þine ibere.


      ++Þe niȝtingale was al ȝare.
      Ho hadde ilorned wel aiware.
      Hule ho sede seie me soþ.
      wi dostu þat un{}wiȝtis doþ.
      þu singist aniȝt ⁊ noȝt adai.                                  175
      ⁊ al þi song is wailawai.
      þu miȝt mid þine songe afere.
      alle þat ihereþ þine ibere.

  Þ[u] scrichest ⁊ yollest to þine fere
  þat hit is gryslich to ihere.                                      180
  hit þincheþ boþe wise ⁊ snepe.
  Nouht þat þu singe. at þu wepe.
  þu flyhst a nyht and noht a day.
  þar of ich wundri ⁊ wel may.
  For vych þing þat schonyeþ riht.                                   185
  hit luuyeþ þust{er} ⁊ hateþ lyht.
  ⁊ euych þing. þat luueþ misded{e}.
  hi luueþ þust{er} to his dede.
     .   .   .   .   .   .
    [Linenote:
    188. _hi_ corr. out of _his_ MS.]

      þu schirchest ⁊ ȝollest to þine fere.
      þat hit is grislich to ihere.                                  180
      Hit þinchest boþe wise ⁊ snepe.
      Noȝt þat þu singe ac þat þu wepe.
      þu fliȝst a{}niȝt ⁊ noȝt adai.
      þar{}of ich wndri ⁊ wel mai.
      vor eurich þing þat schuniet riȝt.                             185
      Hit luueþ þust{er} ⁊ hatiet liȝt.
      ⁊ eurich þing þat is lof misdede.
      Hit luueþ þust{er} to his dede.
         .   .   .   .   .   .


  ++Þeos vle luste swiþe longe.                                [f. 230v²
  ⁊ wes of{}teoned swiþe stronge.                                    190
  heo quaþ þu hattest Nihtegale.
  þu mihtest bet hote galegale.
  vor þu hauest to monye tale.
  let þine tunge habbe spale.
  þu wenest þat þes day beo þin owe.                                 195
  let me nv habbe myne þrowe.
  Beo nv stille ⁊ let me speke.
  Ich wile beo of þe a wreke.
  ⁊ lust hw ich con me bi{}telle.
  Mid rihte soþe wiþ{}vte spelle.                                    200


      ++Þos hule luste suþe longe.                             [f. 234v²
      ⁊ was of{}toned suþ`e´ stronge.                                190
      quaþ Ho þu `h´attest niȝtingale.
      Þu miȝtest bet hoten galegale.
      Vor þu hauest to monie tale.
      Lat þine tunge habbe spale.
      þu wenest þat þes dai bo þinoȝe.                               195
      Lat me nu habbe mine þroȝe.
      Bo nu stille ⁊ lat me speke.
      Ich wille bon of þe awreke.
      ⁊ lust hu ich con me bitelle.
      Mid riȝte soþe wit{}ute spelle.                                200

        [Linenote:
        191. _Ho quaþ_ with marks of inversion MS.]

  þu seyst þat ich me hude a{}day
  þar to ne segge ich nyk no nay
  ⁊ lust ich telle hwer{}vore
  Al hwi hit is ⁊ hware{}vore. |
  Ich habbe bile stif ⁊ strong{e}.                      [f. 231r¹    205
  ⁊ gode cleures scharp ⁊ longe.
  So hit bycumeþ to hauekes cunne.
  hit is myn hyhte· ⁊ my ynne.
  þat ich me drawe to mine cund{e}.
  Ne may me no mo{n} þar{}for send{e}.                               210

      þu seist þat ich me hude adai.
      þar{}to ne segge ich nich ne nai.
      ⁊ lust ich telle þe wareuore.
      al wi hit is ⁊ wareuore.
      Ich habbe bile stif ⁊ stronge.                                 205
      ⁊ gode cliuers scharp ⁊ longe.
      So hit bi{}cumeþ to hauekes cunne.
      Hit is min hiȝte hit is mi wune.
      þat ich me draȝe to mine cunde. |
      Ne mai noman þareuore schende.                    [f. 235r¹    210

  on me hit is wel i sene.
  For rihte cunde ich am so kene.
  vor þi ich am loþ smale vowele.
  Þat fleoþ bi g{ru}nde ⁊ bi þuuele.
  hi me bichirmeþ ⁊ bi{}gredeþ.                                      215
  ⁊ heore flockes to me ledeþ.
  Me is leof to habbe reste.
  And sitte stille in myne neste.
     .   .   .   .   .   .

      On me hit is wel isene.
      vor riȝte cunde ich am so kene.
      vor{}þi ich am loþ smale foȝle.
      þat floþ bi grunde an bi þuuele.
      Hi me bichermet ⁊ bigredeþ.                                    215
      ⁊ hore flockes to `m´e ledeþ.
      Me is lof to habbe reste.
      ⁊ sitte stille in mine neste.
         .   .   .   .   .   .
        [Linenote:
        216. _me_] _n̤e_ with _i_ added above: _me_ in margin.]

  wenestu þat hauek beo þe wrse.                               [f. 231r²
  Þe crowe bi{}grede him bi þe m{er}sche.                            220
  ⁊ goþ to him myd heore chyrme.
  Riht so hi wille. wiþ hi{m} schirme.
  þe hauek foleweþ gode rede.
  He flyhþ his wey ⁊ let hi grede.

      wenestu þat haueck bo þe worse.
      þoȝ crowe bi{}grede him bi þe m{er}she.                        220
      ⁊ goþ to him mid hore chirme.
      Riȝt so hi wille wit him schirme.
      þe hauec folȝeþ gode rede. |
      ⁊ fliȝt his wei ⁊ lat he{m} grede.                       [f. 235r²

        [Linenotes:
        223. _f̣ḷ folȝeþ_ MS. || 224. _hem_ corr. out of _hi_ MS.]


  ++Þet þu me seyst of oþer þinge.                                   225
  ⁊ tellest þat ich ne can nouht singe.
  Ac al my reorde is wonyng.
  And to ihere gryslych þing.
  þat nis nouht soþ. ich singe efne.
  Mid fulle dreme· ⁊ lude stefne.                                    230
  þu wenest þat eoch song beo g{ri}slich.
  þat þine pipinge nis ilich.


      ++Ȝet þu me seist of oþ{er} þinge.                             225
      ⁊ telst þat ich ne can noȝt singe
      Ac al mi rorde is woning
      ⁊ to `i´hire grislich þing
      þat nis noȝt soþ ich singe efne.
      Mid fulle dreme ⁊ lude stefne.                                 230
      þu wenist þat ech song bo grislich.
      þat þine pipinge nis ilich.

  Mi stefne is bold· ⁊ nouht vnorne.
  heo is ilich one grete horne.
  ⁊ þin is iliche one pype.                                          235
  of one smale weode vnripe.
  Ich [singe] bet þan þu dest.
  Þu chaterest so doþ on yris p{re}st.

      Mi stefne is bold ⁊ noȝt un{}orne.
      ho is ilich one grete horne.
      ⁊ þin is ilich one pipe.                                       235
      Of one smale w`e´ode un{}ripe.
      Ich singe bet þan þu dest.
      Þu chat{er}est so doþ on irish pr`e´ost.

        [Linenotes:
        233. MS. _blod_ corr. in margin to _bold_. || 236. _woede_
        _e_ added by corrector MS.]

  Ich singe an efne. a{}ryhte time.
  ⁊ seþþe hwenne hit is bedtime.                                     240
  þe þridde syþe a middel{}nyhte.
  ⁊ so ich myne songe a{}dihte.
  hwenne ich iseo arise veorre
  oþer day{}rewe· oþer day{}steorre.
  Ic do god myd myne þrote.                                          245
  And warny men to heore note.
  Ac þu singest alle longe nyht.
  From eue þat hit is day{}liht.

      Ich singe an eue ariȝte time
      ⁊ soþþe won hit is bedtime.                                    240
      þe þridde siþe ad middelniȝte.
      ⁊ so ich mine song adiȝte.
      wone ich i{}so arise vorre.
      Oþer dairim oþer daisterre.
      Ich do god mid mine þrote.                                     245
      ⁊ warni men to hore note.
      Ac þu singest alle longe niȝt.
      From eue fort hit is dailiȝt.

        [Linenote:
        247. _allelonge_ MS.]

  ⁊ euer lesteþ þin o song,
  so longe so þe nyht is long.                                       250
  ⁊ eu{er} croweþ þi wrecche crey.
  Þat he ne swikeþ nyht ne day. |
  Mid þine pipinge þu adunest.                                 [f. 231v¹
  þas mo{n}nes eren. þar þu wunest.
  ⁊ makest þi song, so vnwiht.                                       255
  þat me ne telleþ. of þe nowiht.

      ⁊ eure seist þin o song.
      So longe so þe niȝt is long.                                   250
      ⁊ eure croweþ þi wrecche crei.
      þat he ne swikeþ niȝt ne dai.
      Mid þine pipinge þu a{}dunest.
      þas monnes earen þar þu wunest.
      ⁊ makest þine song so unwrþ.                                   255
      þa`t´ me ne telþ of þar noȝt wrþ.

  Eurych mureþe may so lo{n}ge leste.
  þat heo schal liki wel vnwreste.
  for harpe. ⁊ pipe. ⁊ foweles song.
  Mislikeþ. if hit is to long.                                       260
  Ne beo þe song ne so murie.
  þat he ne sal þinche vnmurie.
  If he i{}lesteþ ouer vnwille.
  So þu myht þi song aspille.
  for hit is soþ Alured hit seyde.                                   265
  ⁊ me hit. may i{n} boke rede.
  Eurich þing may lesen his godhed{e}.
  Mid vnmeþe and ouerdede.
     .   .   .   .   .   .

      +E+urich murȝþe mai so longe ileste.
      þat ho shal liki wel unwreste.                           [f. 235v¹
      vor harpe ⁊ pipe ⁊ fuȝeles songe.
      Mislikeþ ȝif hit is to long.                                   260
      Ne bo þe song neu{er} so murie.
      þat he ne shal þinche wel unmurie.
      ȝef he ilesteþ ouer unwille.
      So þu miȝt þine song aspille.
      vor hit is soþ alured hit seide.                               265
      ⁊ me hit mai ine boke rede.
      Eurich þing mai losen his godhede
      Mid unmeþe ⁊ mid ouerdede.
         .   .   .   .   .   .

        [Linenote:
        265. _seiḍde_ MS.]


  ++Þe nyhtegale i{n} hire þouhte.                             [f. 231v²
  At{}heold al þis. ⁊ longe þouhte.                                  270
  hwat heo þar after myhte segge,
  vor heo ne myhte noht a{}legge.
  þat þe vle hedde hire i{}seyd.
  vor ho spak boþe riht ⁊ red.
  ⁊ hire of þuhte þat heo hadde.                                     275
  þe speche so feor{}uorþ iladde.
  ⁊ wes aferd þat hire answare
  Ne wrþe nouht a riht ivare.


      ++Þe niȝtingale in hire þoȝte.                           [f. 235v²
      Athold al þis ⁊ longe þoȝte.                                   270
      wat ho þar{e} aft{er} miȝte segge.
      vor ho ne miȝte noȝt alegge.
      þat þe hule hadde hire ised.
      vor he spac boþe riȝt an red.
      An hire ofþuȝte þat ho hadde.                                  275
      þe speche so foruorþ iladde.
      An was oferd þat hire answare.
      Ne wrþe noȝt ariȝt i{}fare.

        [Linenote:
        270. _alþis_ MS.]

  Ac noþeles heo spak boldeliche
  vor heo is wis þat hardeliche.                                     280
  wiþ his fo berþ grete ilete.
  {þ}at he for arehþe hit ne for{}lete.
  vor suych worþ bold if þu flyhst.
  þa`t´ wile fleo if þu swykst. |
  If he isihþ þat þu {n}art areh.                       [f. 232r¹    285
  he wile of bore wurche bareh.
  ⁊ for þi· þey `þe´ nyhtegale.
  Were a{}ferd· heo spak bolde tale.

    [Linenotes:
    282. _þat_] _hwat_ MS. || 285. _art_ MS. || 287. _þe_ added
    in margin.]

      Ac noþeles he spac boldeliche.
      vor he is wis þat hardeliche.                                  280
      wiþ is uo berþ grete ilete.
      þat he uor areȝþe hit ne forlete.
      vor suich worþ bold ȝif þu fliȝste.
      þat wle flo ȝif þu svicst.
      Ȝif he isiþ þat þu nart areȝ.                                  285
      He wile of bore wrchen bareȝ.
      ⁊ forþi þeȝ þe niȝtingale. |
      were aferd ho spac bolde tale                            [f. 236r¹

        [Linenotes:
        284. _ịṣvicst_ MS. || 286. _bareȝ_] _a_ corr. out of
        _r_ MS.]


  ++Hvle heo seyde· hwi dostu so.
  þu singest a wynter wolawo.                                        290
  þu singest so doþ hen a{}snowe.
  Al þat heo singeþ hit is for wowe.
  A wint{er} þu singest wroþe ⁊ yom{er}e.
  ⁊ eu{er} þu art. dumb a sumere.
  hit is for þine fule nyþe                                          295
  þat þu ne myht. myd vs be bliþe.
  vor þu forbernest· neyh for onde.
  hwenne vre blisse cumeþ to lond{e}.

    [Linenote:
    289. Þule]

      ++Hule ho seide wi dostu so.
      þu singest awint{er} wolawo.                                   290
      þu singest so doþ hen asnowe.
      Al þat ho singeþ hit is for wowe.
      A wint{er}e þu singest wroþe and ȝom{er}e.
      An`d´ eure þu art dumb a{}sum{er}e.
      Hit is for þine fule niþe.                                     295
      þat þu ne miȝt mid us be bliþe.
      vor þu forbernest welneȝ for onde,
      wane ure blisse cumeþ to londe.

        [Linenotes:
        289. _Þule_ MS. || 297. _foronde_ MS.]

  þu farest so doþ þe ille.
  Euer{}ich blisse him is vnwille.                                   300
  Grucching· ⁊· luryng. hi{m} beoþ rade.
  If he iseoþ. þat men beoþ glade.
  he wolde þat he iseye.
  Teres i{n} eu{er}iche monnes eye.
  Ne roughte þe. þeyh flockes were.                                  305
  Imeynd bi toppes· ⁊ bi here.

      þu farest so doþ þe ille.
      Evrich blisse him is un{}wille.                                300
      Grucching ⁊ luring him boþ rade.
      Ȝif he isoþ þat men boþ glade.
      he wolde þat he iseȝe.
      Teres in evrich monnes eȝe.
      Ne roȝte he þeȝ flockes were.                                  305
      Imeind bi toppes ⁊ bi here.

  Al{}so þu dost on þire syde.
  For hwanne snouh liþ þikke ⁊ wid{e}.
  ⁊ alle wihtes habbeþ sorewe.
  þu singest from eue to amorewe.                                    310
  Ac ich mid me alle blisse bringe.
  Ech wiht is glad· for myne þinge.
  ⁊ blesseþ hit· hwenne ich cume.
  ⁊ hihteþ a{}yeyn myne cume.
  þe blostme. gynneþ sp{ri}nge ⁊ sp{re}d{e}.                         315
  Boþe i{n} treo ⁊ ek in mede.

      Al{}so þu dost on þire side.
      vor wanne snov liþ þicke ⁊ wide.
      an`d´ alle wiȝtes habbeþ sorȝe.
      þu singest from eue fort amorȝe.                               310
      Ac ich alle blisse mid me bringe.
      Ech wiȝt is glad for mine þinge.
      ⁊ blisseþ hit wanne ich cume.
      ⁊ hiȝteþ aȝen mine kume.
      þe blostme ginneþ sp{ri}nge ⁊ sp{re}de                         315
      Boþe ine tro ⁊ ek on mede.

        [Linenote:
        315. _þe blostme_ on an erasure MS.]

  þe lilie myd hire fayre wlite.
  welcomeþ me þeyh þu hit wite.
  Bid me myd hire fayre bleo. |
  þat ich schulle to hire fleo.                         [f. 232r²    320
  þe rose also myd hire rude.
  þat cumeþ of þe þorne wode.
  Bit me þat ich schulle singe.
  For hire luue one skentynge.
     .   .   .   .   .   .

      þe lilie mid hire faire wlite.
      Wolcumeþ me þat þu hit wte.
      Bit me mid hire faire blo.
      Þat ich shulle to hire flo.                                    320
      þe rose al{}so mid hire rude. |
      þat cumeþ ut of þe þorne wode.                           [f. 236r²
      Bit me þat ich shulle singe
      vor hire luue one skentinge.
         .   .   .   .   .   .
        [Linenotes:
        319. _Bit_] _t_ corr. out of _d_ MS. || 324. _ọṇẹ_
        _one_ MS.]

  [V]le þu axest me heo seyde.                          [f. 234r¹    325
  [I]f ich con eny oþer dede.
  Bute syngen in sume tyde.
  ⁊ bringe blisse veor ⁊ wyde.
  hwy axestu of craftes myne.
  Beter is myn on þan alle þine.                                     330
  Bet{er} is o song of myne muþe.
  þan al þat þi kun kuþe.


      ++Hule þu axest me ho seide.                                   325
      ȝif ich kon eni oþer dede.
      Bute singen in sume tide.
      an bringe blisse for ⁊ wide.
      wi axestu of craftes mine.
      Betere is min on þan alle þine.                                330
      Bet{er}e is o song of mine muþe.
      þan al þat eure þi kun kuþe.

        [Linenote:
        325. _Hule_] _Nule_ MS.]

  ⁊ lust. ich telle þe hwar{}vore.
  wostu to hwan· mon wes ibore.
  To þare blisse of heueryche. |                                     335
  þar eu{er} is song. ⁊ Murehþe ilyche.                        [f. 234r²
  þider fundeþ euer ich man.
  þat eny þing of gode can.
  for þi me syngþ i{n} holy chireche.
  ⁊ clerekes gynneþ songes wrche.                                    340
  þat mon yþenche. bi þe songe.
  hwider he shal. ⁊ þar beon longe.

      An lust ich telle þe wareuore. |
      wostu to wan man was ibore.                              [f. 238r²
      To þare blisse of houene{}riche.                               335
      þar eu{er} is song ⁊ murȝþe iliche.
      þid{er} fundeþ eurich man.
      þat eniþing of gode kan.
      vor þi me singþ in holi chirche.
      an clerkes ginneþ songes wirche.                               340
      þat man iþenche biþe songe.
      wid{er} he shal ⁊ þar bon longe.

  þat he þe murehþe ne vor{}yete.
  Ac þar of þenche. ⁊ bi{}gete.
  ⁊ nyme yeme of chirche stefne.                                     345
  hw Murie is þe blisse of heuene.
  Clerekes· Munekes· ⁊ canúnes.
  þar beoþ þos gode wike{}tunes.
  Ariseþ vp to middel{}nyhte.
  ⁊ singeþ of þon heuene{}lyhte.                                     350
  ⁊ preostes vpe londe singeþ.
  [Hwenne þe liht of daye springeþ.]
  ⁊ ich heom helpe hwat ic may.
     .   .   .   .   .   .
    [Linenotes:
    344. _bi gete_] _bi gethe_ MS. || 352. Wanting in MS.]

      þat he þe murȝþe ne uorȝete.
      Ac þar of þenche and bi{}ȝete.
      An nime ȝeme of chirche steuene.                               345
      Hu murie is þe blisse of houene.
      Clerkes munekes ⁊ kanunes.
      þar boþ þos gode wicke tunes.
      Ariseþ up to midel{}niȝte.
      An singeþ of þe houene liȝte.                                  350
      An prostes upe londe singeþ.
      wane þe liȝt of daie springeþ.
      An ich hom helpe wat i mai.
         .   .   .   .   .   .


  ++Þe Nihtegale myd sweche worde.                             [f. 241r²
  for monymo{n} myd speres orde.                                     355
  haueþ lutle strengþe. ⁊ mid his schelde.
  Ah naþeles in one felde.
  þurh belde worde ⁊ myd ilete.
  Deþ his iuo· for arehþe swete.
  þe wrenne for heo cuþe singe.                                      360
  þar com i{n} þare moreweninge.
  To helpe þare nyhtegale.
  vor heo hadde stefne smale.


      ++Þe niȝtegale mid swucche worde.                        [f. 245v¹
      for moniman mid speres orde.                                   355
      haueþ lutle strencþe ⁊ mid his [s]chelde.
      Ah neoþeles in one felde.
      Þ{urh} belde worde an mid ilete.
      Deþ his iuo for arehþe swete.
      þe wranne for heo cuþe singe.                                  360
      þar com in þare moreȝe{n}[i]nge.
      To helpe þare niȝtegale.
      For þah heo hadde steuene smale.

        [Linenote:
        361. _more ȝeunge_ MS.]

  heo hadde gode þrote ⁊ schille.
  ⁊ fale mo{n}ne song a wille.                                       365
  þe wrenne· wes wel wis iholde.
  vor þeih heo nere ibred a wolde.
  heo wes itowen. am{on}g mankunne
  ⁊ hire wisdo{m} brouhte þenne.
  heo myhte speke hwar heo wolde.                                    370
  To{}fore þe kinge· þah heo scholde.
  lusteþ· heo queþ· leteþ me speke.
  hwat wille ye. þis pays to breke.

      Heo hadde gode þrote ⁊ schille.
      An fale manne song awille.                                     365
      þe wranne was wel wis iholde.
      `Vor þeg heo nere ibred awolde.´
      Ho was itoȝen among menne.
      An hire wisdom brohte þenne.
      Heo miȝte speke hwar heo walde.                                370
      To{}uore þe king þah heo scholde.
      Lusteþ heo cwaþ lateþ me speke.
      Hwat wulle ȝe þis pes to{}breke.

        [Linenotes:
        364. _þorte_ MS. || 367. This line comes after l. 378
        in MS. || 368. _menne_] _mannēne_ MS.]

  ⁊ do þan [kinge] such schome.
  yet nys heo nouþer ded ne lome.                                    375
  hunke schal i{}tyde harm ⁊ schonde.
  If we doþ gryþ{}bruche on his lond{e}.
  Leteþ beo and beoþ isome.
  ⁊ fareþ riht to eure dome.
  ⁊ leteþ do{m} þis playd to breke.                                  380
  Al{}so hit wes erure bi{}speke.

    [Linenote:
    374. _þan kinge_] _þanne_ MS.]

      An do þan [kinge] swuch schame.
      Ȝe[t] nis he nouþer ded ne lame.                               375
      Hunke schal i{}tide harm ⁊ scho{n}de.
      Ȝef ȝe doþ griþ{}bruche on his londe.
      Lateþ beo ⁊ beoþ isome. |
      An fareþ riht to ower dome.                              [f. 245v²
      An lateþ dom þis plaid to breke.                               380
      Al swo hit was erur bispeke.

        [Linenote:
        374. _þan kinge_] _þanne_ MS.]

  +I+ch vnne wel queþ þe Nihtegale.
  Ah wrenne· nouht for þine tale.
  Ac do for myre lauhfulnesse.
  Ic nolde þat vnrihtfulnesse.                                       385
  Me at þen ende· me ouercome.
  Ic nam of dred. of none dome.
  Bi{}hote ic habbe· soþ hit is.
  þat maẏster Nichole. þ̵ is wis.
  Bi{}twihen eu deme schulle.                                        390
  ⁊ yet ic wene þat he wulle. |


      ++Ich an wel cwað þe niȝtegale.
      Ah wranne nawt for þire tale.
      Ah do for mire lahfulnesse.
      Ich nolde þ̵ unriht{}fulnesse.                                  385
      Me at þen ende ouer{}kome.
      Ich nam of{}drad of none dome.
      Bi{}hote ich habbe soþ hit is.
      þat maister nichole þ̵ is wis.
      Bi{}tuxen vs deme schulde.                                     390
      An ȝef ich wene þ̵ he wule.

  Ah {w}ar myhte we hine fynde.                                [f. 241v¹
  þe wrenne sat in hore lynde.
  hwat mihte yet quaþ heo his hom.
  heo wuneþ at portes{}hom.                                          395
  At one tune in dorsete.
  Bi þare séé in ore vt{}lete.
  þar he demeþ mony riht dom.
  ⁊ diht ⁊ wryt mony wisdom.
  ⁊ þurh his muþe. ⁊ þurh his honde.                                 400
  hit is þe betere in{}to scotlonde.

      Ah war mihte we hine finde.
      þe wranne sat in ore linde.
      Hwat nuȝte ȝe cwaþ heo his hom.
      He wuneþ at portes{}hom.                                       395
      At one tune ine dorsete.
      Bi þar{e} see in ore ut{}lete.
      þar he demeþ manie riȝte dom.
      An diht ⁊ writ mani wisdom.
      An þ{urh} his muþe ⁊ þ{urh} his honde.                         400
      Hit is þe betere into scot{}londe.

  To seche hyne. is lyhtlych þing.
  he naueþ buten o wunyng.
  þ̵ is biscopen muchel schame.
  ⁊ alle þan þ̵ of his nome.                                          405
  habbeþ iherd. ⁊ of his dede.
  hwi nulleþ hi nyme{n} heo{m} to rede.
  þ̵ he were myd heom ilome.
  vor teche heo{m} of his wisdome.
  ⁊ yeue him rente on vale stude.                                    410
  þ̵ he myhte ilome heo{m} beo myde.

    [Linenotes:
    392. _war_] _þar_ MS. || 394. _ḷyet_ MS.]

      To seche hine is lihtlich þing.
      He naueþ bute one woning.
      þ̵ his bischopen muchel schame.
      An alle þan þ̵ of his nome.                                     405
      Habbeþ ihert. ⁊ of his dede.
      Hwi nulleþ hi nimen heo{m} to rede.
      þ̵ he were mid heom ilome.
      for teche heom of his wis{}dome.
      An ȝiue him rente auale stude.                                 410
      þ̵ he miȝte heom ilome be mide.

        [Linenote:
        409. _tḥeche_ MS.]

  +C+ertes quaþ þe vle. þat is soþ.
  þeos riche men· Muchele mys{}doþ.
  þat leteþ þane gode man.
  þat of so fele þinge can.                                          415
  ⁊ yeueþ rente wel mislyche.
  ⁊ of him leteþ wel lyhtliche.
  wiþ heore kunne heo beoþ Mildre.
  ⁊ yeueþ rente lutle childre.
  so heore wit hi demeþ adwole.                                      420
  þ̵ eu{er} abit Mayster Nichole.
  Ah vte we þah· to him fare,
  vor þat is vnk{er} dom al yare

      +C+ertes cwaþ þe hule þ̵ is soð. |
      þeos riche men wel muche misdoð.                         [f. 246v¹
      þ̵ leteþ þane godemon.
      þ̵ of so feole þinge con.                                       415
      An ȝiueþ rente wel misliche.
      An of him leteþ wel lihtliche.
      wið heore cunne heo beoþ mildre.
      An ȝeueþ rente litle childre.
      swo heore wit hi demþ adwole.                                  420
      þ̵ euer abid maistre nichole.
      Ah ute we þah to him fare.
      For þar is unker dom al ȝare.

        [Linenote:
        413. _misdoð_] _ð_ corr. out of some other letter.]

  +D+o we þe Nihtegale seyde.
  Ah hwo schal vnk{er} speche rede.                                  425
  ⁊ telle to{}vore vnker dome.

      +D+o we þe niȝtegale seide.
      ah wa schal unker speche rede.                                 425
      An telle to{}uore unker deme.

  þar of ic schal þe wel iqueme
  Queþ þe vle. for al ende of orde. |
  Telle ic con. word after worde.                              [f. 241v²
  ⁊ if þe þinkþ þat ic mis{}rempe.                                   430
  þu stond ayeyn and do me crempe.
  Mid þisse worde forþ hi ferden.
  Al bute here and bute verde.
  To portes ham. þer hi bicome.
  Ah hw heo spedde of heore dome.                                    435
  Ne can ic eu namore telle.
  her nys namore of þisse spelle.
  Explicit.

    [Linenote:
    435. _hw heo sp_ on an erasure.]


      ++Þar{}of ich schal þe wel icweme.
      Cwaþ þe houle for al ende of orde.
      Telle ich con word after worde.
      An ȝef þe þincþ þ̵ ich mis{}rempe.                              430
      þu stond aȝei{n} ⁊ do me crempe.
      Mid þisse worde forþ hi ferden.
      Al bute here and bute uerde.
      To portes{}ham þ̵ heo bi{}come.
      Ah hu heo spedde of heore dome.                                435
      Ne can ich eu namore telle.
      Her nis na more of þis spelle.

        [Linenotes:
        431. _dome_ MS. || 436. _chan_ MS.]



XXI. THE BESTIARY

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Arundel 292, British Museum: on vellum, 200 × 130 mm.: late thirteenth
century.... The Bestiary is written continuously, but the initials of
the lines and, in the long metres, of the half lines are mostly
rubricated.... Latin headings are in red, some are on the margin,
the others at the head of their sections. As will be seen from the
footnotes, the manuscript was much corrected or altered over erasures,
and that after it was finished, for the substituted words do not always
fill the gaps left by the scraper. The first leaves of the exemplar were
probably damaged at the lower margin, since defective or difficult
passages occur at regular intervals, so l. 32, ll. 89-92, 120, 121, 143,
144, 173, 200, 201.”]]

[[Line indentations, including those of ll. 504-515, are as printed.]]


+Na{tur}a leo{n}is i^a.+

  ++Ðe leun stant on hille . ⁊ he man hunten here.                [f. 4r
  Oðer ðurg his nese smel . Smake ðat he negge.
  Bi wilc weie so he wile . To dele niðer wenden.
  Alle hise fet steppes . After him he filleð.                         5
  Drageð dust wið his stert . ðer he [dun] steppeð.
  Oðer dust oðer deu . ðat he ne cunne is finden.
  driueð dun to his den . ðar he him bergen wille.


+ij^a.+

  ++An oðer kinde he haueð . wanne he is ikindled.                    10
  Stille lið ðe leun . ne stireð he nout of slepe.
  Til ðe sunne haueð sinen . ðries him abuten.
  ðanne reiseð his faðer him . mit te rem ðat he makeð.


+iij^a.+

  Ðe ðridde lage haueð ðe leun . ðanne he lieð to slepen.             15
  Sal he neure luken . ðe lides of hise egen.


+Significac{i}o p{ri}me nat{ur}e.+

  ++Welle heg is tat hil . ðat is heuen{}riche.
  vre louerd is te leun . ðe liueð ðer abuuen.
  wu ðo him likede . to ligten her on erðe.                           20
  Migte neure diuel witen . ðog he be derne hunte.
  hu he dun come.
  Ne wu he dennede him . in ðat defte meiden.
  Marie bi name . ðe him bar to manne frame.


+ij^a ⁊ iij^a.+                                                       25

  ++Ðo ure drigten ded was.
  ⁊ doluen also his wille was.
  In a ston stille he lai.
  til it kam ðe dridde dai.
  His fader him filstnede swo.                                        30
  ðat he ros fro dede ðo.
                            vs to lif holden.
  wakeð so his wille is   So hirde for his folde.
  He is hirde. we ben sep . Silden he us wille.
  If we heren to his word . ðat we ne gon nowor wille.                35


+Natura aquile.+

  ++Kiðen i wille ðe ernes kinde.
  Also ic it o boke rede.
  wu he neweð his guð{}hede.
  hu he cumeð ut of elde.                                             40
  Siðen hise limes arn unwelde.
  Siðen his bec is alto{}wrong.
  Siðen his | fligt is al unstrong.                               [f. 4v
  ⁊ his egen dimme.
  Hereð wu he neweð him.                                              45
  A welle he sekeð ðat sp{ri}ngeð ai.
  boðe bi nigt ⁊ bi dai.
  ðer ouer he flegeð ⁊ up he teð.
  til ðat he ðe heuene seð.
  ðurg skies sexe ⁊ seuene.                                           50
  til he cumeð to heuene.
  So rigt so he cunne.
  he houeð in ðe sunne.
  ðe sunne swideð al his fligt.
  ⁊ oc it makeð his egen brigt.                                       55
  Hise feðres fallen for ðe hete.
  ⁊ he dun mide to ðe wete.
  Falleð i{n} ðat welle grund.
  ðer he wurdeð heil ⁊ sund.
  ⁊ cumed ut al newe.                                                 60
  Ne were his bec untrewe.
  His bec is get biforn wro{n}g.
  ðog hise limes senden strong.
  Ne maig he tilen him no{n} fode.
  him self to none gode.                                              65
  ðanne goð he to á ston.
  ⁊ he billeð ðer{}on.
  Billeð til his bec biforn.
  haueð ðe wrengðe forloren.
  Siðen wið his rigte bile.                                           70
  takeð mete ðat he wile.

    [Linenote:
    64. _maig_ on an erasure.]


+Significacio.+

  ++Al is man so is tis ern.
    wulde ge nu listen.
  Old in hise sinnes dern.                                            75
    or he bicumeð cristen.
  ⁊ tus he neweð hi{m} ðis man.
    ða{n}ne he nimeð to kirke.
  Or he it biðenken can.
    hise egen weren mirke.                                            80
  Forsaket ðore satanas.
    ⁊ ilk sinful dede.
  Takeð hi{m} to ih{es}u crist.
    for he sal ben his mede.
  Leueð on ure loue[r]d crist.                                        85
    ⁊ lereð prestes lore.
  Of hise egen wereð ðe mist.
    wiles he dreccheð ðore.
  His hope is al to godeward.
    ⁊ of his luue he lereð.                                           90
  ðat is te sunne sikerlike.
    ðus his sigte he beteð.
  Naked falleð in ðe funt{}fat.
    ⁊ cumeð ut al newe.
  buten alitel wat is tat.                                            95
    his muð is get untrewe.
  His muð is get wel unkuð.
    wið pat{er} n{oste}r ⁊ crede.
  Fare he norð. er fare he suð.
    leren he sal his nede.                                           100
  bidden bone to gode.
    ⁊ tus his muð rigten.
  tilen him so ðe sowles fode |
    ðurg {grace} off ure drigtin.                                 [f. 5r

    [Linenotes:
    74. _listlen_ MS. || 77. _hī_ corr. out of _hu_. || _ðis man
    ðanne he_ on an erasure. || 80. This line in fainter brown
    ink. || 83, 84. _Takeð ... he_ on an erasure. || 87. _hise_]
    _i_ corr. out of _p_. || 89, 90. _is hope is ... luue_ on an
    erasure: l. 90 originally began _ha after luue a_.]


+Natura Serpe{n}tis. j^a.+                                           105

  An wirm is o werlde . wel man it knoweð.
  Neddre is te name . ðus he him neweð.
  ðanne he is forbroken ⁊ forbroiden . ⁊ in his elde al forwurden.
  Fasteð til his fel him slakeð . ten daies fulle.
  ðat he is lene ⁊ mainles   ⁊ iuele mai gangen.                     110
  he c{re}peð cripelande forð . his craft he ðus kiðeð.
  Sekeð a ston ðat a ðirl is on.
  Narwe buten he nedeð him . Nimeð vnneðes ðurg.
  for his fel he ðer leteð . his fles forð crepeð.
  walkeð to ðe wat{er} ward . wile ðanne drinken.                    115
  Oc he speweð or al ðe uenim.
  ðat i{n} his brest is bred . fro his birde time.
  drinkeð siðen inog . ⁊ tus he him neweð.

    [Linenote:
    105. On an erasure.]


+ij^a.+

  ++Ðanne ðe neddre is of his hid naked.                             120
  ⁊ bare of his brest atter.
  If he naked man se . ne wile he him nogt neggen.
  Oc he fleð fro him . als he fro fir sulde.
  If he cloðed man se cof he waxeð.
  For up he rigteð him redi to deren.                                125
  to deren er to ded maken if he it muge forðen.
  wat if ðe man war wurðe . ⁊ weren him cunne.
  figteð wið ðis wirm . ⁊ f[a]reð on him figtande.
  ðis neddre siðen he nede sal.
  makeð seld of his bodi . ⁊ sildeð his heued.                       130
  litel hi{m} is of hise limes . bute he lif holde.

    [Linenote:
    122. _neggen_] the initial _n_ on an erasure MS.]


+[Significacio.]+

  ++Knov c{ri}stene man . wat tu c{ri}st higtest
  Atte kirke dure . ðar ðu c{ri}stned were.
  ðu higtes to leuen on him . ⁊ hise lages luuien.                   135
  to helden wit herte . ðe bodes of holi k[i]rke.
  If ðu hauest is broken.
  Al ðu forbredes . forwurðes ⁊ forgelues.
  Eche lif to wolden . Elded art fro eche blis.
  So ðis wirm o werld is.                                            140
  Newe ðe fordi . so ðe neddre doð.
  It is te ned.
  Feste ðe of stedefastnesse . ⁊ ful of ðewes.
  ⁊ help ðe poure | men . ðe gangen abuten.                       [f. 5v
  Ne deme ðe nog[t] wurdi . ðat tu dure loken.                       145
  up to ðe heueneward.
  Oc walke wið ðe erðe mildelike among men.
  no mod ðu ne cune . mod ne mannes vncost.
  oc swic of sineginge.
  ⁊ bote bid tu ðe ai . boðe bi nigt ⁊ bi dai.                       150
  ðat tu milce mote hauen . of ðine misdedes.
  ðis lif bitokneð ðe sti.
  ðat te neddre gangeð bi.
  ⁊ tis is ðe ðirl of ðe ston.
  ðat tu salt ðurg gon.                                              155
  Let ðin filðe fro ðe . so ðe wirm his fel doð.
  Go ðu ðan to godes hus . ðe godspel to heren.
  ðat is soule dri{n}k . sinnes quenching.
  Oc or sei ðu in scrifte . to ðe prest sinnes tine.
  feg ðe ðus of ði brest filde . ⁊ feste ðe forðward.                160
  fast at tin h{er}te . ðat tu firmest higtes.
  ðus art tu ging ⁊ newe.
  forðward be ðu trewe.
  Nedeð ðe ðe deuel nogt . for he ne mai ðe deren nogt.
  oc he fleð fro ðe . so neddre fro de nakede.                       165
  On ðe cloðede ðe neddre is cof . ⁊ te deuel cliuer on sinnes.
  Ai ðe sinfule bisetten he wile.
  ⁊ wið al mankin
  he haueð nið ⁊ win.
  wat if he leue haue of ure heuen louerd.                           170
  for to deren us . So he ure eldere or dede.
  do we ðe bodi in ðe bale . ⁊ bergen ðe soule.
  ðat is ure heued geuelic . helde we it wurðlic.

    [Linenote:
    160. _segðe_ MS.]


+Natura formice.+

  ++Ðe mire is magti . mikel ge swinkeð.                             175
  In sum{er} ⁊ i{n} softe weder . So we `ofte´ sen hauen.
  In ðe heruest . hardilike gangeð.
  ⁊ renneð rapelike . ⁊ resteð hire seldum.
  ⁊ fecheð hire fode . ðer ge it mai finden.
  gaddreð ilkines sed.                                               180
  boðen of wude ⁊ of wed.
  Of corn ⁊ of gres.
  ðat ire to hauen es.
  haleð to hire `hole´ . ðat siðen hire helpeð.
  ðar ge wile ben winter | agen.                        [f. 6r       185
  caue ge haueð to crepen in . ðat wint{er} hire ne derie.
  Mete i{n} hire hule ðat . ðat ge muge biliuen.
  ðus ge tileð ðar   wiles ge time haueð.
  so it her telleð.
  oc finde ge ðe wete . corn ðat hire qwemeð.                        190
  Al ge forleteð ðis oðer seð ðat ic er seide.
  Ne bit ge nowt de barlic beren abuten.
  oc suneð it ⁊ sakeð forð . so it same were.
  get is wund{er} of ðis wirm . more ðanne man weneð.
  ðe corn ðat ge to caue bereð . al get bit otwinne.                 195
  ðat it ne forwurðe . ne waxe hire fro.
  er ge it eten wille.

    [Linenotes:
    176. _ofte_ added in margin MS. || 184. _hole_ added on lower
    margin MS. || 188. Space before _ðar_: _ð_ rubricated and red
    afterwards erased MS.]


+Significacio.+

  ++Ðe mire muneð us mete to tilen.
  Long liuenoðe ðis little wile.                                     200
  ðe we on ðis werld wunen.
  for ðanne we of wenden . ðanne is ure wint{er}.
  we sulen hung{er} hauen . ⁊ harde sures.
  buten we ben war here.
  do we forði. so doð ðis der . ðanne be we derue.                   205
  On ðat dai ðat dom sal ben . ðat it ne us harde rewe.
  Seke we ure liues fod . ðat we ben siker ðere.
  So ðis wirm in wint{er} is . ðan ge ne tileð nu{m}more.
  ðe mire suneð ðe barlic ðanne ge fint te wete.
  ðe olde lage we ogen to sunen . ðe newe we hauen mote{n}.          210
  ðe corn ðat ge to caue bereð . all ge it bit otwinne.
  ðe lage us lereð to don god . ⁊ forbedeð us sinne.
  It be{t} us e{rðl}iche bodes . ⁊ bekned euelike.
  It fet ðe licham ⁊ te gost . oc nowt o geuelike.
  vre louerd c{ri}st it lene us ðat his lage us fede.                215
  nu ⁊ o domesdei . ⁊ tanne we hauen nede.

    [Linenotes:
    211. _ðe corn_ on an erasure. || 213. _ben_ MS. || _ebriche_
    MS. || 216. _we_ on an erasure.]


+Natura cerui.+

  ++Ðe hert haueð kindes two.
  ⁊ forbisnes oc al so.
  ðus it is on boke set.                                             220
  ðat man clepeð fisiologet.
  He drageð ðe neddre of de ston.
  ðurg his nese up on{}on.
  of ðe stoc er of ðe ston.
  for it wile ðerunder gon.                                          225
  ⁊ sweleð it wel swiðe.
  ðerof him brinneð siðen.
  of ðat attrie ðing.
  wiðinnen he | haueð brenni{n}g.                                 [f. 6v
  he lepeð ðanne wið mikel list.                                     230
  of swet wat{er} he haueð ðrist.
  he drinkeð wat{er} gredilike.
  til he is ful wel sikerlike.
  Ne haueð ðat uenim no{n} migt.
  to deren him siðen no{n} wigt.                                     235
  oc he werpeð er hise hornes.
  in wude er in ðornes.
  ⁊ gingid him ðus ðis wilde der.
  So ge hauen nu lered her.

    [Linenote:
    236. _er_ on an erasure.]


+Significac{i}o. prima.+                                             240

  ++Alle we atter dragen off ure eldere.
  ðe broken drigtinnes word{}ðurg ðe neddre.
  ðer{}ðurg haueð mankin.
  boðen nið ⁊ win.
  {g}olsipe. ⁊ giscing.                                              245
  giu{er}nesse ⁊ wissing.
  p{ri}de ⁊ ouerwene.
  swilc atter i{}mene.
  Ofte we brennen i{n} mod.
  ⁊ wurden so we weren wod.                                          250
  ðanne we ðus brennen.
  bihoueð us to rennen.
  to c{ri}stes quike welle.
  ðat we ne gon to helle.
  drinken his wissing.                                               255
  it quenchet ilc siniging.
  forwerpen p{ri}de euril[c] del.
  so hert doð hise hornes.
  gingen us tus to godeward.
  ⁊ gemen us siðen forðwarð.                                         260

    [Linenotes:
    244. After _win_, a letter erased. || 245. _kolsipe_, with
    _i_ on an erasure. || 256. _ilc siniging_ on an erasure.]


+Nat{ur}a. ij^a.+

  Ðe hertes hauen anoðer kinde.
  ðat us og alle to ben minde.
  Alle he arn off one mode.
  For if he fer fetchen fode.                                        265
  ⁊ he ouer wat{e}r ten.
  wile non at nede oðer flen.
  Oc on swimmeð bi{}forn.
  ⁊ alle ðe odre folegen.
  weðer so he swimmeð er he wadeð                                    270
  Is no{n} at nede ðat oðer lateð.
  Oc leigeð his ski{n}bon.
  on oðres lendbon.
  gef him ðat biforn teð.
  Bilimpes for to tirgen.                                            275
  Alle ðe oðre cumen mide.
  ⁊ helpen him for to her[t]ien.
  beren him of ðat wat{er} grund
  up to ðe lond al heil ⁊ sund.
  ⁊ forðen here nede.                                                280
  ðis wune he hauen hem bi{}twen
  ðog he an hundred to giddre ben.

    [Linenote:
    277. _herien_ MS.]


+Signific{acio}. ij^a.+

  ++Ðe hertes costes we ogen to munen.
  Ne og ur non oðer to sunen.                                        285
  oc eurilc luuen oðer.
  also he were his broder.
  wurðen stedefast his | wine.                                    [f. 7r
  ligten him of his birdene.
  helpen him at his nede.                                            290
  god giueð ðer{}fore mede.
  we sulen hauen heuenriche.
  gef we b{i}{}twixen us ben briche.
  ðus is ure louerdes lage   luuelike to fillen.
  her of haue we mikel ned . ðat we ðar{}wið ne dillen.              295

    [Linenotes:
    285. _to sunen_ on an erasure. || 293. _ben twixen_ MS.]


+Natura Wulpis.+

  ++A wilde der is . ðat is ful of fele wiles.
  fox is hire to name . for hire queðsipe.
  husebondes hire haten . for hire harm dedes.
  ðe coc ⁊ te capun.                                                 300
  ge feccheð ofte in ðe tun.
  ⁊ te gandre ⁊ te gos.
  bi ðe necke ⁊ bi ðe nos.
  haleð is to hire hole . for{}ði man hire hatieð.
  hatien ⁊ hulen . boðe men ⁊ fules.                                 305
  Listneð nu a wund{er} . ðat tis der doð for hunger.
  goð o felde to a furg . ⁊ falleð ðar{}inne.
  In eried lond er in erðchine . forto bilirten fugeles.
  Ne stereð ge nogt of ðe stede   a god stund deies.
  oc dareð so ge ded were . Ne drageð ge no{n} onde.                 310
  ðe rauen is swiðe redi . weneð ðat ge rotieð.
  ⁊ oðre fules hire fallen bi . For to winnen fode.
  derflike wiðuten dred . he wenen ðat ge ded beð.
  he wullen on ðif foxes fel . ⁊ ge it wel feleð.
  ligtlike ge lepeð up . ⁊ letteð hem sone.                          315
  gelt hem here billing
  raðe wið illing.
  tetoggeð ⁊ tetireð hem . mid hire teð sarpe.
  Fret hire fille.
  ⁊ goð ðan ðer ge wille.                                            320

    [Linenotes:
    300. _ðe coc_ on an erasure. || 304. _eð is to_ on an erasure.
    || 308. _erðchine_] _erðc_ on an erasure. || 313. _derflike_]
    _derfli_ on an erasure.]


+Significac{i}o.+

  ++Twifold forbisne in ðis der.
  to frame we mugen finden her.
  warsipe ⁊ wisedom.
  wið deuel ⁊ wið iuel man.                                          325
  ðe deuel dereð dernelike.
  he lat he ne wile us nogt biswike.
  he lat he ne wile us ðon non loð.
  ⁊ bringeð us in a sinne. ⁊ ter he us sloð.
  he bit us don ure bukes wille.                                     330
  Eten ⁊ dri{n}ken wið unskil.
  ⁊ in ure skemti{n}g.
  he doð raðe a foxing. |
  He billeð one ðe foxes fel.                                     [f. 7v
  wo so telleð idel spel.                                            335
  ⁊ he tireð on his ket.
  wo so him wið sinne fet.
  ⁊ deuel geld swilk billing.
  wið same ⁊ wið sending.
  ⁊ for his sinfule werk.                                            340
  ledeð man to helle merk.


+Signific{aci}o.+

  ++Ðe deuel is tus ðe [fox] ilik.
  mið iuele breides ⁊ wið swik.
  ⁊ man al{}so ðe foxes name.                                        345
  arn wurði to hauen same.
  for wo `so´ seieð oðer god.
  ⁊ ðenkeð iuel on his mod.
  fox he is ⁊ fend iwis.
  ðe boc ne legeð nogt of ðis.                                       350
  So was herodes fox ⁊ flerd.
  ðo c{ri}st kam i{n}{}to ðis middel{}erd.
  he seide he wulde him leuen on.
  ⁊ ðogte he wulde him fordon.

    [Linenotes:
    346. _wurði_] _ð_ corr. out of another letter. || 347. _so_
    added in margin. || 354. _e wulde_ on an erasure.]


+Nat{ur}a {a}ranéé.+                                                 355

  ++Seftes sop ure seppande . sene `is´ on werlde.
  leiðe ⁊ lodlike . ðus we it leuen.
  man`i´kines ðing.
  alle manne to wissi{n}g.
  ðe spinn{er}e on hire [webbe]   swid[e] ge weveð.                  360
  festeð atte hus rof . hire fodredes.
  o rof er on ouese . so hire is on elde.
  werpeð ðus hire web . ⁊ weueð on hire wise.
  ðanne ge it haueð al idigt . ðeðen ge driueð.
  hitt hire i{n} hire hole . oc ai ge it biholdeð.                   365
  til ðat ðer fleges faren . ⁊ fallen ðer{}inne.
  wiðeren in ðat web . ⁊ wilen ut wenden.
  ðanne renneð ge rapelike . for ge is ai redi.
  nimeð anon to ðe net . ⁊ nimeð hem ðere.
  bitterlike ge hem bit . ⁊ here bane wurðeð.                        370
  drepeð ⁊ drinkeð here blod.
  doð ge hire no{n} oðer god.
  bute fret hire fille
  ⁊ dareð siðen stille.

    [Linenotes:
    355. _iranéé_ MS. || 357. _loldike_ MS: after _we_ erasure
    of one letter. || 360. _spinnere_] _inne_ on an erasure. ||
    _weveð_] _veð_ on an erasure. || 361. _fo dredes_ MS. ||
    363. _werpeð_] _pe_ on an erasure.]


+Significacio.+                                                      375

  ++Ðis wirm bitokneð ðe man . ðat oðer bi`s´wikeð.
  on stede er on stalle . stille er lude.
  in mot er in market . er oni oðer wise.
  he him bit . ðan he him bale selleð.
  ⁊ he drinkeð his blod . wanne he him dreueð.                       380
  ⁊ ðo fr`e´teð hem al . ðan he him iuel werkeð.

    [Linenotes:
    376. _biswikeð_] _keð_ on an erasure. || 379. _him_: _him_
    both corr. out of _hem_. || 380. _his_ on an erasure: _him_
    corr. out of _hem_. || 381. _freteð_] first _e_ added by
    rubricator.]


+Natura cetegrandie.+

  ++Cethegrande is a fis.
  ðe moste ðat in wat{er} is.
  ðat tu | wuldest seien get.                           [f. 8r       385
  gef ðu it soge wan it flet.
  ðat it were á neilond
  ðat sete `one´ ðe se sond.
  ðis fis ðat is vnride.
  ðanne him hungreð he gapeð wide.                                   390
  vt of his ðrote it smit an onde.
  ðe swetteste ðing ðat is o londe.
  ðer{}fore oðre fisses to him dragen.
  wan he it felen he aren fagen.
  he cumen ⁊ houen in his muð.                                       395
  of his swike he arn uncuð.
  ðis cete ðanne hise chaueles lukeð.
  ðise fisses alle in sukeð.
  ðe smale he wile ðus biswiken.
  ðe grete maig he nogt bigripen.                                    400
  ðis fis wuneð wið ðe se gru{n}d.
  ⁊ liueð ðer eure heil ⁊ sund.
  til it cumeð ðe time.
  ðat storm stireð al ðe se.
  ðanne sum{er} ⁊ wint{er} winnen.                                   405
  ne mai it wunen ðer{}inne.
  So droui is te sees grund.
  ne mai he wunen ðer ðat stund.
  oc stireð up ⁊ houeð stille.
  wiles ða{t} weder is so ille.                                      410
  ðe sipes ðat arn on se fordriuen.
  loð hem is ded ⁊ lef to liuen.
  biloken hem ⁊ sen ðis fis
  aneilond he wenen it is.
  ðer{}of he aren swiðe fagen.                                       415
  ⁊ mid here migt ðar{}to he dragen.
  sipes on festen.
  ⁊ alle up gangen.
  Of ston mid stel in ðe tunder.
  wel to brennen one ðis wunder.                                     420
  warmen hem wel ⁊ heten ⁊ drinken.
  ðe fir he feleð ⁊ doð hem sinken.
  for sone he diueð dun to grunde.
  he drepeð hem alle wið{}uten wunde.

    [Linenotes:
    388. _one_ substituted in margin for _o_ deleted in text. ||
    390. Before _him_, _him_ deleted by rubricator. ||
    397. _ðanne_] _ð_ corr. out of _d_ by rubricator. ||
    410. _ðar_ MS. || 411. _fordriuen_] _driuen_ on an erasure. ||
    416. _here_] _re_ on an erasure. || 423, 4. _diueð ... wunde_
    on an erasure.]


+Signific{aci}o.+                                                    425

  ++Ðis deuel is mikel wið wil ⁊ magt.
  So witches hauen in here craft.
  He doð men hungren ⁊ hauen ðrist.
  ⁊ mani oðer sinful list.
  tolleð men to him wið his onde                                     430
  wo so him folegeð he findeð sonde.
  ðo arn ðe little. in leue lage.
  ðe mikle ne maig he to him dragen.
  ðe mikle. i mene ðe stedefast.
  in rigte leue. mid fles ⁊ gast.                                    435
  wo so listneð deueles lore.
  on lengðe it sal him rewen sore.
  wo so festeð hope on him.
  he sal him folgen to ¶¶ helle dim. |


+Natura Sirene.+                                        [f. 8v       440

  ++In ðe se senden selcuðes manie.
  ðe mereman is   a meiden ilike.
  on brest ⁊ on bodi . oc al ðus ge is bunden.
  fro ðe noule niðerward . ne is ge no man like.
  oc fis to fuliwis   mid finnes waxen.                              445
  ðis wunder wuneð in wankel stede.
  ðer ðe water sinkeð. sipes ge sinkeð . ⁊ scaðe ðus werkeð.
  mirie ge{}singeð ðis mere . ⁊ haueð manie stefnes.
  manie ⁊ sille.
  oc it ben wel ille.                                                450
  sipmen here steringe forgeten . for hire stefninge.
  flumeren ⁊ slepen.
  ⁊ to late waken.
  ðe sipes sinken mitte suk.
  ne cumen he nummor up.                                             455
  Oc wise me{n} ⁊ warre.
  agen cunen chare.
  ofte arn atbrosten . mid he[re] brest ouel.
  he hauen herd told of ðis mere . ðat tus unie{}mete.
  half man ⁊ half fis.                                               460
  sum ðing tokneð bi ðis.

    [Linenotes:
    443. _al ... bunden_ on an erasure. || 451. _sipmen here_
    on an erasure.]


+Significacio.+

  ++Fele men hauen ðe tokni{n}g.
  of ðis forbisnede ði[n]g.
  wið{}uten weren wulues fel.                                        465
  wiðinnen arn he wulues al.
  he speken godcundhede.
  ⁊ wikke is here dede.
  here dede is al vncuð.
  wið ðat spekeð here muð.                                           470
  twifold arn on mode.
  he sweren bi ðe rode.
  bi ðe sunne ⁊ bi ðe mone.
  ⁊ he ðe legen sone.
  mid here sage ⁊ mid here song.                                     475
  he ðe swiken ðer imong.
  ðin agte wið swiking
  ði soule wið lesing.

    [Linenote:
    465. _wulues_] _w_ corr. out of _p_.]


+Nat{ur}a elephantis.+

  ++Elpes arn in Inde riche.                                         480
  on bodi borlic berges ilike.
  he to{}gaddre gon o wolde
  so sep ðat cumen ut of folde.
  ⁊ behinden. he hem sampnen.
  ðanne he sulen oðre strenen.                                       485
  Oc he arn so kolde of kinde.
  ðat no golsipe is hem minde.
  til he noten of a gres.
  ðe name is mandragores.
  Siðen he bigeten on.                                               490
  ⁊ two ger he ðer{}mide gon.
  ðog he ðre hundred ger.
  on werlde more ¶¶ wuneden her. |
  bigeten he neuermor non.                                        [f. 9r
  so kold is hem siðen blod ⁊ bon.                                   495
  ðanne ge sal hire kindles beren.
  In water ge sal stonden.
  In wat{er} to mid side.
  ðat wanne hire harde tide.
  ðat ge ne falle niðer nogt.                                        500
  ðat is most in hire ðogt.
  For he ne hauen no lið.
  ðat he mugen risen wið.
  Hu he resteð him ðis der.
    ðanne he walkeð wide.                                            505
  herkne wu it telleð her.
    for he is al unride.
  A tre he sekeð to fuligewis.
  ðat is strong ⁊ stedefast is.
  ⁊ leneð him trostl[i]ke ðer{}bi.                                   510
  ðanne he is of walke weri.
  ðe hunte haueð biholden ðis.
    ðe hi{m} wille swiken.
  wor his beste wune is.
    to don hise willen.                                              515
  Sageð ðis tre ⁊ under set.
  o ðe wise ðat he mai bet.
  ⁊ hileð it wel ðat he it nes war
  ðanne he makeð ðer{}to char.
  him seluen sit olon bihalt.                                        520
  weðer his gin him out biwalt.
  ðanne cumeð ðis elp unride.
  ⁊ leneð him up on his side.
  slepeð bi ðe tre in ðe sadue.
  ⁊ fallen boden so to{}gaddre.                                      525
  gef ðer is noman ðanne he falleð.
  he remeð ⁊ helpe calleð.
  remeð reufulike on his wise.
  hopeð he sal ðurg helpe `ri´sen.
  ðanne cumeð ðer on gangande.                                       530
  hopeð he sal him don ut standen.
  Fikeð ⁊ fondeð al his migt.
  ne mai he it forðen no wigt.
  Ne canne ðan no{n} oðer.
  `oc´ remeð mid his broðer.                                         535
  manie ⁊ mikle cume ðer `se´cande.
  wenen him on stalle maken.
  oc for ðe helpe of hem alle.
  ne mai he cumen so on stalle.
  ðanne remen he alle a rem.                                         540
  so hornes blast. oðer belles drem.
  For here mikle remi{n}g.
  rennande cumeð a gungling.
  raðe to him luteð.
  his snute him under puteð.                                         545
  ⁊ mitte helpe of hem alle.
  ðis elp he reisen on stalle.
  ⁊ tus | atbrested ðis huntes breid.                             [f. 9v
  oðe wise ðat ic haue gu seid.

    [Linenotes:
    521. _biwarlt_ MS. || 529. _risen_] _sisen_ MS., _ri_ in
    margin. || 535. _oc_] _o_ MS., _oc_ in margin. ||
    536. _sacande_ MS., _se_ in margin.]


[Headnote: Parvulus Natus Est Nobis]

  +significac{i}o.+                                                  550

  ++Ðus fel adam ðurg a tre.
  vre firste fader ðat fele we.
  Moẏses wulde him reisen.
  migte it no wigt forðen.
  After him p{ro}phetes alle.                                        555
  migte her non him maken on stalle.
  on stalle iseie. ðer he er stod.
  to hauen heuenriche god.
  He suggeden ⁊ sorgeden. ⁊ weren i{n} ðogt.
  wu he migten him helpen ovt.                                       560
  ðo remeden he alle onder steuene.
  alle hege up to ðe heuene.
  for here care. ⁊ here calling.
  hem cam to c{ri}st heuen king.
  he ðe is ai in heuene mikel.                                       565
  wurð her man ⁊ tus was litel.
  drowing ðolede in ure manhede
  ⁊ tus adam `he´ under{}gede.
  reisede him up ⁊ `al´ man{}kin.
  ðat was fallen to helle dim.                                       570

    [Linenotes:
    552. _firste_] _fir_ on an erasure. || 567. _him_ in margin
    MS. || 568. _he_ added in margin MS. || 569. _al_ added in
    margin MS.]


+Natura turturis.+

  ++In boke is ðe turtres lif . writen o rime
  wu lagelike . ge holdeð luue al hire lif time.
  gef ge ones make haueð . fro him ne wile ge siðen.
  muneð wimmen hire lif . ic it wile gu reden.                       575
  bi hire make ge sit onigt . o dei ge goð ⁊ flegeð.
  wo so seit he sundren ovt . i seie ðat he legeð.
  Oc if hire make were ded ⁊ ge widue wore.
  ðanne flegeð ge one ⁊ fareð . non oðer wile ge more.
  buten óne goð . ⁊ one sit.                                         580
  ⁊ hire olde luue abit.
  In h{er}te haueð hi{m} nigt ⁊ dai.
  so he were oliue ai.


+Significac{i}o.+

  ++List ilk le{f}ful man her to . ⁊ herof ofte reche.               585
  vre sowle atte kirke dure . ches hire c{ri}st to meche.
  he is ure soule spuse luue we him wið migte.
  ⁊ wende we neure fro hi{m}{}ward . be dai ne be nigte.
  ðog he be fro ure sigte faren be we him alle trewe.
  no{n} oðer louerd ne leue we . ne non | luue newe.    [f. 10r      590
  leue we ðat he liueð ai up on heuen{}riche.
  ⁊ ðeðen he sal cumen eft . ⁊ ben us alle briche.
  for to demen alle men . oc nout on geuelike.
  hise loðe men sulen to helle faren . hise leue to his riche.

    [Linenotes:
    585. _lesful_ MS. || 593. _to demen_ on an erasure.]


+Natura pantere.+                                                    595

  ++Panter is an wilde der.
  Is non fairere on werlde her.
  he is blac so bro of qual.
  mið wite spottes sawen al.
  wit ⁊ trendled als a wel.                                          600
  ⁊ `itt´ bicumeð him swiðe wel.
  wor so he wuneð ðis panter.
  he fedeð him al mid oðer der.
  of ðo ðe he wile he nimeð ðe cul.
  ⁊ fet him wel til he is ful.                                       605
  In his hole siðen stille.
  ðre dages he slepen wille.
  ðan after ðe ðridde dai.
  he riseð ⁊ remeð lude so he mai.
  ut of his ðrote cumeð asmel.                                       610
  mid his rem forð oueral.
  ðat ouer{}cumeð haliweie.
  wið swetnesse. [ic] it gu seie
  ⁊ al ðat eure smelleð swete.
  be it drie be it wete.                                             615
  For ðe swetnesse off his onde.
  wor so he walkeð o londe.
  wor so he walked. er wor so he wuneð.
  Ilk der ðe him hereð to him cumeð.
  ⁊ folegeð him up one ðe wold.                                      620
  for ðe swetnesse ðe ic gu haue told.
  ðe dragunes one ne stiren nout.
  wiles te pant{er} remeð ogt.
  oc daren stille in here pit.
  als so he weren of dede offrigt.                                   625

    [Linenotes:
    601. _itt_ added in margin. || 619. Before _to him_, _to him_
    deleted MS.]


+Significac{i}o.+

  ++Crist is tokned ðurg ðis der.
  wos kinde we hauen told gu her.
  for he is faier, ouer alle men.
  so euen sterre o`uer´ erðe fen.                                    630
  ful `wel´ he taunede his luue to man.
  wan he ðurg `holi´ spel him wan.
  ⁊ longe he lai her i{n} an hole.
  wel him dat he it wulde ðolen.
  ðre daies slep he al on on.                                        635
  ðanne he ded was in blod ⁊ bon.
  vp he ros ⁊ rémede i{}wis.
  of helle pine of heuene blis.
  ⁊ steg to heuene vue{m}est.
  ðer wuneð wið | fader ⁊ holi gast.                    [f. 10v      640
  Amonges men a swete [s]mel.
  he let her of his holi spel.
  wor{}ðurg we mugen folgen him.
  i{n}{}to his godcundnesse fin.
  ⁊ ðat wirm ure wiðerwine.                                          645
  wor so of godes word if dine.
  ne dar he stiren. ne noman deren.
  ðer wile he lage ⁊ luue beren.

    [Linenotes:
    630. _ouer_] _uer_ in margin MS. || 631. _wel_ in margin MS.
    || 632. _holi_ in margin MS. || 637. _i wis_] _in wif_ MS. ||
    639. _vuenest_ MS. || 640. ⁊ _holi gast_ on an erasure.]


+Nature columbe. ⁊ signific{acio}.+

  ++Ðe culuer haueð costes gode.                                     650
  alle wes ogen to hauen in mode.
  seuene costes in hire kinde.
  alle it ogen to ben us minde.
  ge ne haueð in hire no{n} galle.
  simple ⁊ softe be we alle.                                         655
  ge ne liueð nogt bi lagt.
  Ilc robbinge do we of {h}ac.
  ðe wirm ge leteð ⁊ liueð bi ðe sed.
  of cristes lore we haue ned.
  wið oðre briddes ge doð as moder.                                  660
  so og ur ilk to don wið oðer.
  woning ⁊ groning if{}lic hire song.
  bimene we us. we hauen don wrong.
  In wat{er} ge is wis of heuekes come.
  ⁊ we in boke wið deules nome.                                      665
  In hole of ston ge makeð hire nest.
  In cristes milce ure hope is best.

    [Linenotes:
    656. _bilagt_ MS. || 657. _hac_] _bac_ MS. || 661. Before
    _ilk_ a letter erased: _l_ corr. out of _h_.]



XXII. GENESIS AND EXODUS

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 444, former mark R 11; on vellum,
186 × 116 mm., in one hand of the end of thirteenth or of the beginning
of the fourteenth century.”]]


JOSEPH AND HIS BRETHREN

  xii. ger or ysaac was dead.                                    [f. 37v
  Jacobes sunes deden un{}red.

  ++FOr sextene ger ioseph was old.
  Q{u}ane he was in{}to egipte sold.
  He was iacobes gunkeste sune.                                        5
  Brictest of was{tm}e and of witt{er} wune.
  If he sag hise breðere mis{}faren.
  His fader he it gan vn{}hillen ⁊ baren.
  He wulde ðat he sulde hem ten.
  ðat he wel ðewed sulde ben.                                         10
  for{}ði wexem wið [him] gret nið.
  And hate for it in ille lið.
  ðo wex her hertes niðful ⁊ bold.
  Q{u}anne he hem adde is dremes told.
  ðat is handful stod rigt up soren.                                  15
  And here it leigen alle he{m} bi{}foren.
  And sunne ⁊ mone ⁊ sterres .xi^e.
  Wurðeden hi{m} wið frigti luue.
  ðo seide his fader hu mai ðis sen.
  ðat ðu salt ðus wurðed ben.                                         20
  ðat ðine breðere and ic ⁊ she.
  ðat ðe bar sulen luten ðe. |
  ðus he chidden hem bi{}twen.                                   [f. 38r
  ðoge ðhogte iacob siðe it sulde ben.
  Hise breðere kepten at sichem.                                      25
  Hirdnesse ⁊ iacob to sen hem.
  sente ioseph to dalen ebron.
  And he was redi his wil to don.
  Jn sichem feld ne fond e he{m} nogt.
  Jn dotaym he fond hem sogt.                                         30
  He knewen hi{m} fro feren kumen.
  Hate hem on ros i{n} herte numen.
  Swilc nið ⁊ hate ros hem on.
  He redden alle him for{}to slon.
  Nai q{u}ad ruben slo we hi{m} nogt.                                 35
  Oðer sinne may ben wrogt.
  Q{u}at so him drempte ðor q{u}iles he slep.
  Jn ðis {c}isternesse old and dep.
  Get wurð e worpen naked and cold.
  Q{u}at{}so his dremes owen a{}wold.                                 40
  ðis dede was don wid herte sor.
  Ne wulde ruben nogt drechen ðor.
  He gede and sogte an oðer stede.
  His erue i{n} bettre lewse he dede.
  Vdas dor q{u}iles gaf hem red.                                      45
  ðat was fulfilt of derne sped.
  fro galaad men wið chafare
  Sag he ðor kumen wid spices ware. |
  To{}warde egipte he gunne ten.                                 [f. 38v
  Judas tagte hu it sulde ben.                                        50
  Joseph solde ðe breðere ten.
  for .xxx. plates to ðe chapmen.
  Get wast bettre he ðus was sold.
  dan he ðor storue i{n} here wold.

    [Linenotes:
    6. _waspene_ MS. || 29. _fonde_ MS. || 38. _ðisterness_ MS.
    || 39. _wurðe_ MS.]


  ++Ðan r{u}ben cam ðider a{}gen.                                     55
  to ðat cist{er}nesse he ran to sen.
  He missed joseph and ðhogte swem.
  Wende him slagen set up an rem.
  Nile he blinnen swilc sorwe h{im} cliued.
  Til him he sweren ðat he liued.                                     60
  ðo nomen he ðe childes srud.
  ðe iacob hadde madim i{n} prud.
  Jn kides blod he wenten it.
  ðo was ðor{}on an rewli lit.
  Sondere men he it leiden on.                                        65
  And senten it iacob i{n}{}to ebron.
  And shewed it hi{m}. and boden hi{m} sen.
  Jf his childes wede it migte ben.
  Senten him bode he funden it.
  ðo iacob sag dat sori writ.                                         70
  He gret and seide ðat wilde der.
  Hauen min sune swolgen her.
  His cloðes rent in haigre srid.
  Long grot and sorge is hi{m} bi{}tid. |
  His sunes comen him to sen.                           [f. 39r       75
  And hertedin him if it migte ben.
  Nai nai q{u}at he helped it nogt.
  Mai non herti{n}g on me ben wrogt.
  ic sal ligten till helle dale.
  And groten ðor min sunes bale.                                      80
  ðor was in helle a sundri stede
  Wor ðe seli folc reste dede.
  ðor he stunden til helpe cam.
  Til i{es}u crist fro ðeden he{m} nam.
  ðe chapmen skinden here fare.                                       85
  Jn{}to egipte ledden ðat ware.
  Wið putifar ðe kinges stiward.
  He maden swiðe bigetel forward.
  So michel fe ðor is hem told.
  He hauen him bogt he hauen sold.                                    90
     .   .   .   .   .   .
    [Linenotes:
    59. _him_] _he_ MS. || 84. _hem_] _he_ MS. || 90. _hauen_]
    _a_ corr. out of _e_ MS.]


  ++Pvtifar trewið hise wiwes tale                               [f. 40r
  And haued dempt iosep to bale.
  He bad ben sperd [him] fast[e] dun.
  And holden harde i{n} prisun.
  An litel stund q{u}ile he was ðer.                                  95
  So gan him luuen ðe p{ri}suner.
  And hi{m} de chartre haueð bi{}tagt.
  Wið ðo p{ri}sunes to liuen i{n} hagt.
  Or for misdede or for on sagen.
  ðor woren to ðat p{ri}sun dragen.                                  100
  On ðat ðe kinges kuppe bed.                          .¶¶.
  And on ðe made ðe kinges bred.
  Hem drempte dremes boðen onigt.
  And he wurðen swiðe sore o{}frigt.
  Joseph hem seruede ðor on{}sel.                                    105
  At here drink and at here mel.
  He herde hem m{ur}nen.   he freinde for q{u}at.
  Harde dremes ogen awold ðat.
  ðo seide he to ðe butuler.
  Tel me ðin drem mi broðer her. |                                   110
  Q{u}eðer so it wurðe softe or strong.                          [f. 40v
  ðe reching wurð on god bi{}long.

    [Linenote:
    107. _he hem freinde_ MS.]


  ++Me drempte ic stod at a win{}tre.                   ¶¶
  ðat adde waxen buges ðre.
  Orest it blomede and siðen bar.                                    115
  ðe beries ripe wurð ic war.
  ðe kinges [cuppe] ic hadde on hond.
  ðe beries ðor{}inne me ðhugte ic wrong.
  And bar it drinken to pharaon.
  Me drempte als ic was wune to don.                                 120


  ++Good is q{u}að Joseph to dremen of win.
  heilnesse an blisse is ðer{}in.
  ðre daies ben get for{}to cumen.
  ðu salt ben ut of p{ri}sun numen.
  And on ðin offiz set agen.                                         125
  Of me ðu ðhenke ðan it sal ben.
  Bed min herdne to pharaon.
  ða ic ut of p{ri}sun wurðe don.
  for ic am stolen of kinde lond.
  And her wrigteleslike holden i{n} bond.                            130


  ++Quað ðis bred{}wrigte liðeð nu me.                  ¶¶
  me drempte ic bar bread lepes ðre.
  And ðor{}in bread and oðer meten.
  Q{u}ilke ben wune ðe kinges to eten.
  And fugeles hauen ðor{}on lagt.                                    135
  ðor{}fore ic am i{n} sorge and hagt. |
  for ic ne migte me nogt weren.                                 [f. 41r
  Ne ðat mete fro hem beren.


  ++Me wore leuere q{u}ad Joseph.                       ¶¶
  Of eddi dremes rechen swep.                                        140
  ðu salt after ðe ðridde dei.
  ben do on rode weila{}wei.
  And fugeles sulen ði fleis to{}teren.
  ðat sal non agte mugen ðe weren.
  Soð wurð so ioseph seide ðat.                                      145
  ðis buteler joseph sone for{}gat.
  Two ger siðen was joseph sperd.
  ðor in p{ri}sun wið{}uten erd.


  ++Ðo drempte pharaon king a drem.                     No^t
  ðat he stod bi ðe flodes strem.                                    150
  And ðeden ut{}comen .vii. neet.
  Eu{er}ilc wel swiðe fet and gret.
  And .vii. lene after ðo.
  ðe deden ðe .vii. fette wo.
  ðe lene hauen ðe fette freten.                                     155
  ðis drem ne mai ðe king for{}geten.
  An oðer drem cam hi{m} bi{}foren.
  .vii. eares wexen fette of coren.
  On an busk ranc and wel tidi.
  And .vii. lene rigt ðor{}bi.                                       160
  Welkede and smale ⁊ drugte numen.
  ðe ranc he hauen ðo ou{er}{}cumen. |
  To{}samen it smiten and on a stund.                            [f. 41v
  ðe fette ðrist hem to ðo grund.
  ðe king abraid and woc in ðhogt.                                   165
  ðes dremes swep ne wot he nogt.
  Ne was non so wis man i{n} al his lond.
  ðe kude vn{}don ðis dremes bond.
  ðo him bi{}ðhogte ðat buteler.
  Of ðat him drempte in p{ri}sun ðer.                                170
  And of ioseph in ðe prisun.
  And he it tolde ðe king pharaun.
  Joseph was sone i{n} prisun ðo {s}ogt.
  And shauen ⁊ clad ⁊ to hi{m} brogt.
  ðe king hi{m} bad ben hardi ⁊ bold.                                175
  Jf he can rechen ðis dremes wold.
  He told him q{u}at him drempte o nigt.
  And iosep rechede his drem wel rigt.
  ðis two dremes boðen ben on.
  God wile ðe tawnen king pharaon.                                   180
  ðo .vij. ger ben get to cumen.
  Jn al fulsum hed sulen it ben numen.
  And .vij. oðere sulen after ben.
  Sori and nedful men sulen is sen.
  Al ðat ðise first .vii. maken.                                     185
  Sulen ðis oðere vii. rospen ⁊ raken.
  Jc rede ðe king nu her bi{}foren.
  To maken laðes and gadere{n} coren. |
  ðat ðin folc ne wurð vnder{}numen.                             [f. 42r
  Q{u}an ðo hungri gere ben forð{}cumen.                             190
  King pharaon listnede hise red.
  ðat wurð him siðen seli sped.
  He bi{}tagte iosep his ring.
  And his bege of gold for wurðing.
  And bad him al his lond bi{}sen.                                   195
  And under him hegest for{}to ben.
  And bad him welden in his hond.
  His folc and agte ⁊ al his lond.
  ðo was vnder him ðanne putifar.
  And his wif ðat hem so to{}bar.                                    200
  Josep to wiue his dowter nam.
  Oðer is nu {ð}an ear bi{}cam.
  And ghe ðer him two childer bar.
  Or men wurð of ðat hunger war.
  first manassen and effraym.                                        205
  He luueden god he geld it hem.
  ðe .vii. fulsu{m} geres faren.
  Josep cuðe him bi{}foren waren.
  ðan coren wantede in oðer lond.
  ðo [was] ynug vnder his hond.                                      210

    [Linenotes:
    173. _ðo sogt_] _ðohogt_ MS. || 202. _ðan_] {q}u{an} MS.]


  ++Hvnger wex in lond chanaan.
  And his .x. sunes iacob for{}ðan.
  Sente in to egipt to bringen coren.
  He bilef at hom ðe was gungest boren. |
  ðe .x. comen for nede sogt.                           [f. 42v      215
  To josep and he ne knewen hi{m} nogt.
  And ðog he lutten him frigtilike.
  Anð seiden to him mildelike.
  We ben sondes for nede driuen.
  To bigen coren ðor{}bi to liuen.                                   220
  Josep hem knew al in his ðhogt
  Als he let he knew hem nogt.                          ¶¶
  Jt semet wel ðat ge spies ben.
  And in to ðis lond cumen to sen.
  And cume ge for non oðer ðing.                                     225
  but for to spien ur lord ðe king.
  Nai he seiden eu{er}ilc on.
  Spies were we neu{er} non.
  Oc alle we ben on faderes sunen.
  For hunger doðes hider cumen.                                      230
  Oc nu ic wot ge spies ben.
  for bi gure bering men mai it sen.
  Hu sulde on man poure for{}geten.
  swilke and so manige sunes bigeten.
  for seldu{m} bi{}tid self ani king{e}.                             235
  swilc men to sen of hise ofspring{e}.

    [Linenotes:
    233. _Hu suld sulde onman_ MS. || 244. _gure_] _pore_ MS.]


  ++A lou{er}d merci get is ðor on.
  migt he nogt fro his fader gon.
  He is gungest hoten beniamin.
  for we ben alle of ebrisse kin. |                                  240
  Nu bi ðe feið ic og to king pharaon.                        [f. 43r
  sule ge nogt alle eðen gon.
  Til ge me bringen beniamin.
  ða gungeste broðer of {gu}re kin.
  For ðo was josep sore for{}dred.                                   245
  ðat he wore oc ðhurg hem for{}red.
  He dede hem binden and leden dun.
  And speren faste in his prisun.
  ðe ðridde dai he let hem gon.
  Al but ðe ton broðer symeon.                                       250
  ðis symeon bi{}lef ðor in bond.
  To wedde under josepes hond.
  ðes oðere breðere sone on{}on.
  Token leue and wenten hom.
  And sone he weren ðeden went.                                      255
  Wel sore he hauen hem bi{}ment.
  And seiden hem ðan ðor bi{}twen.
  Wrigtful we in sorwe ben.
  for we sinigeden q{u}ilu{m} or
  On hure broðer michil mor.                                         260
  for we werneden him merci.
  Nu drege we sorge al for{}ði.
  Wende here non it on his mod.
  Oc Josep al it under{}stod.


  ++Josepes men ðor q{u}iles deden.                     ¶¶           265
  Al{}so Josep hem adde beden. |
  ðo breðere seckes hauen he filt.                               [f. 43v
  And in eu{er}ilc ðe silu{er} pilt.
  ðat ðor was paid for ðe coren.
  And bunden ðe muðes ðor bi{}foren.                                 270
  Oc ðe breðere ne wiste{n} it nogt.
  Hu ðis dede wurðe wrogt.
  Oc alle he weren ou{er}{}ðogt.
  And hauen it so to iacob brogt
  And tolden him so of here sped.                                    275
  And al he it listnede i{n} frigtihed.
  And q{u}an men ðo seckes ðor un{}bond
  And in ðe coren ðo agtes fond.
  Alle he woren ðann{e} sori ofrigt.
  Jacob ðus him bi{}meneð o{}rigt.                                   280
  Wel michil sorge is me bi{}cumen.
  ðat min two childre ar{e}n me for{}nume{n}.
  Of josep wot ic ending non.
  And bondes ben leid on symeon.
  Jf ge beniamin fro me don.                                         285
  Dead and sorge me segeð on.
  Ai sal beniamin wið me bi{}lewen.
  ðor q{u}iles ic sal on werlde liuen.
  ðo q{u}að iudas us sal ben hard
  Jf we no holden him non forward                                    290

    [Linenote:
    279. _ðanno_ MS.]


  ++Wex derke ðis coren is gon.
  Jacob eft bit hem faren agon. |
  Oc he ne duren ðe weie cumen in                        [f. 44r
  but ge wið us senden beniamin.
  ðo q{u}að he q{u}an it is ned.                                     295
  And [non] ne can no bettre red.
  Bereð dat silu{er} hol agon.
  ðat hem ðor{}of ne wante non.
  And oðer siluer ðor bi{}foren.
  for{}to bigen wið oðer coren.                                      300
  fruit and spices of dere pris.
  Bereð ðat man ðat is so wis.
  God hunne him eðimod {u}s ben.
  And sende me min childre agen.
  ðo nomen he forð weie rigt.                                        305
  Til he ben cumen i{n}{}to egypte ligt.
  And q{u}anne Josep hem alle sag.
  Kinde ðhogt i{n} his herte was.
  He bad his stiward gerken is meten.
  He seide he sulden wið him alle eten.                              310
  He ledde hem alle to Josepes biri.
  Her non hadden ðo loten miri.
  Lou{er}d he seiden ðo eu{er}ilc on.
  Gur silu{er} is gu brogt a{}gon.
  Jt was in ure seckes don.                                          315
  Ne wiste ur non gilt ðor{}on.
  Beð nu stille q{u}ad stiward
  for ic nu haue min forward |
  ðor cam ðat broðer symeon.                        [f. 44v
  And kiste is breðere on and on.                                    320
  Wel fagen he was of here come
  for he was numen ðor to nome.
  Jt was vndren time or more.
  Om cam ðat riche lou{er}d ðore.
  And al ðo briðere of frigti mod                                    325
  fellen bi{}forn ðat lou{er}d{}is fot.
  And bedden him riche p{re}sent.
  ðat here fader hi[m] adde sent.
  And he leuelike it under{}stod.
  for alle he weren of kinde blod.                                   330

    [Linenote:
    303. _eði modes_ MS.]


  ++LJueð q{u}ad he ðat fader get.
  ðat ðus manige sunes bi{}gat.
  lou{er}d he seiden get he liueð.
  Wot ic ðor non ðat he ne biueð.
  And ðis is gunge beniamin.                                         335
  Hider brogt after bode{}word ðin.
  ðo josep sag him ðor bi{}foren.
  Bi fader ⁊ moder broðer boren.
  Him ou{er}{}wente his herte on{}on.
  Kinde luue gan hi{m} ou{er}{}gon.                                  340
  Sone he gede ut and stille he gret.
  ðat al his wlite wurð teres wet.
  After ðat grot he {w}eis is wliten.
  And cam ðan in and bad he{m} eten. |
  He dede hem wassen him bi{}foren.                     [f. 45r      345
  And sette hem as he weren boren.
  Get he ðhogte of his faderes wunes.
  Hu he sette at ðe mete hise sunes.
  Of euerilc sonde of eu{er}ilc win.
  most and best he gaf beniamin.                                     350
  Jn fulsu{m} hed he wurðen glaðe.
  Josep ne ðoht ðor{}of no scaðe.
  Oc it him likede swiðe wel.
  And hem lerede and tagte wel.
  And hu he sulden hem best leden.                                   355
  Q{ua}ne he comen in vnkinde ðeden.
  And al ðe bettre sule ge speden.
  Jf ge wilen gu wið treweiðe leden.
  Eft on morwen q{u}an it was dai
  Or or ðe breðere ferden a{}wei.                                    360
  Here seckes woren alle filt wið coren.
  And ðe siluer ðor{}in bi{}foren.
  And ðe seck ðat agte beniamin.
  Josepes cuppe hid was ðor{}in.
  And q{u}uan he weren ut tune went.                                 365
  Josep haueð hem after sent.
  ðis sonde hem ou{er}takeð raðe.
  And bi{}calleð of harme and scaðe.
  Vn seli men, q{u}at haue ge don.
  Gret vn{}selðehe is gu cumen on. |                                 370
  for is it nogt min lord for{}holen.
  ða gure on haueð is cuppe stolen                               [f. 45v
  ð[o] seiden ðe breðere sikerlike.
  Vp q{u}am ðu it findes witterlike.
  He slagen [be] and we agen driuen.                                 375
  Jn{}to ðraldom eu{er}mor to liuen.
  He gan hem ransaken on and on.
  And fond it ðor sone a{}non.
  And nam ðo breðere eu{er}ilk on.
  And ledde hem sorful a{}gon.                                       380
  And brogte hem bi{}for iosep.
  Wid reweli lote and sorwe and wep.
  ðo q{u}at iosep ne wiste ge nogt.
  ðat ic am o wol witter ðogt.
  Mai nogt longe me ben for{}holen.                                  385
  Q{u}at{}so{}eu{er}e on londe wurð stolen.
  Lou{er}d q{u}ad judas do wið me.
  Q{u}at{}so ði wille on werlde be.
  Wið{}ðan ðat ðu friðe beniamin
  ic ledde ut on trewthe min.                                        390
  ðat he sulde ef cumen a{}gen.
  to hise fader and wið him ben.
  ðo cam iosep swilc rewðe up{}on.
  he dede halle ut ðe toðere gon.
  And spac un{}eðes, so e gret.                                      395
  ðat alle hise wlite wurð teres wet. |
  Jc am iosep dredeð gu nogt.                                    [f. 46r
  for gure helðe or hider brogt.
  Two ger ben nu ðat derke is cumen.
  Get sulen .v. fulle ben numen.                                     400
  ðat men ne sulen sowen ne sheren.
  So sal drugte ðe feldes deren.
  Rapeð gu to min fader a{}gen.
  And seið him q{u}ilke min blisses ben.
  And doð him to me cumen hider.                                     405
  And ge and gure orf al to{}gider.
  Of lewse god in lond gersen.
  sulen ge sundri riche ben.
  Eu{er}ilc he kiste. on ilc he gret.
  Ilc here was of is teres wet.                                      410

    [Linenotes:
    343. _peis_ MS. || 345. _and him_ MS. || 392. _wið_ on
    an erasure.]


  ++Sone it was king pharaon kid.
  Hu ðis newe tiding wurð bi{}tid.
  And he was bliðe in herte fagen.
  ðat Josep wulde him ðider dragen.
  for luue of Josep migte he timen.                                  415
  He bad cartes and waines nimen.
  And fechen wiues and childre and men.
  And gaf hem ðor al lond gersen.
  And het hem ðat he sulden hauen.
  More and bet ðan he kude crauen.                                   420
  Josep gaf ilc here twinne srud.
  Beniamin most he made prud. |
  fif weden best bar beniamin.                                   [f. 46v
  ðre hundred plates of silu{er} fin.
  Al{}so fele oðre ðor til.                                          425
  He bad ben in is faderes wil.
  And .x. asses wið semes fest.
  Of alle egiptes welðhe best.
  Gaf he is breðere wið herte bliðe.
  And bad hem rapen hem homward swiðe.                               430
  And he so deden wið herte fagen.
  Toward here fader he gunen dragen.
  And q{u}ane he comen him bi{}foren.
  Ne wiste he nogt q{u}at he woren.
  Lou{er}d he seiden israel.                                         435
  Josep ðin sune greteð ðe wel.
  And sendeð ðe bode ðat he liueð.
  Al egipte in his wil cliueð.
  Jacob a{}braid and trewed it nogt.
  Til he sag al ðat welðe brogt.                                     440
  Wel me q{u}að he wel is me wel.
  ðat ic aue abiden ðus swil sel.
  And ic sal to min sune fare.
  And sen or ic of werlde chare.
  Acob wente ut of lond chanaan.                        No^t         445
  And of is kinde wel manie a man.
  Josep wel faire him vnder{}stod.
  And pharaon ðogte it ful good. |
  for ðat he weren hirde men.                                    [f. 47r
  He bad hem ben in lond gersen.                                     450
  Jacob was brogt bi{}foren ðe king.
  for to geuen him his bliscing.
  fader dere q{u}að pharaon.
  hu fele ger be ðe on.
  An hundred ger and .xxx. mo.                                       455
  Haue ic her drogen i{n} werlde wo.
  ðog ðinkeð me ðor{}offen fo.
  ðog ic is haue drogen i{n} wo.
  siðen ic gan on werlde ben.
  Her vten erd man{}kin bi{}twen.                                    460
  So ðinked eu{er}ilc wis[e] man.
  ðe wot q{u}or{}of man kin bi{}gan.
  And ðe of adames gilte muneð
  ðat he her uten herdes wuneð.

    [Linenote:
    413. _herte_] _h_ corr. out of _b_. || 453. _derer_ MS. ||
    467. _Him_] _He_ MS.]


  ++Pharaon bad him wurðen wel.                                      465
  in softe reste and seli mel.
  H{im} and hise sunes in reste dede.
  Jn lond gersen on sundri stede
  Siðen ðor was mad on scite.
  ðe was yoten Ramese.                                               470
  Jacob on liue wunede ðor
  Jn reste fulle .xiiij. ger.
  And god him let bi{}foren sen.
  Q{u}ilc time hise ending sulde ben. |
  He bad iosep hise leue sune.                              [f. 47v  475
  On ðhing ðat off e wel mune.
  ðat q{u}an it wurð mid him don.
  He sulde him birien in ebron.
  And witterlike he it aueð hi{m} seid.
  ðe stede ðor abraham was leid.                                     480
  So was him lif to wurðen leid.
  Q{u}uor ali gast stille hadde seid.
  Him and hise eldere. fer ear bi{}foren.
  Q{u}uor iesu crist wulde ben boren.
  And q{u}uor ben dead and q{u}uor ben grauen.                       485
  He dogt wið hem reste to hauen.
  Josep swor him al{}so he bad.
  And he ðor{}of wurð bliðe ⁊ glad.
  Or ðan he wiste off werlde faren.
  He bad hise kinde to him charen.                                   490
  And seide q{u}at of him sulde ben.
  Hali gast dede it him seen.
  Jn clene ending and ali lif.
  So he for{}let ðis werldes strif.
  Osep dede hise lich faire geren.                                   495
  Wassen and riche{}like smeren.
  And spice{}like swete smaken.
  And egipte folc him bi{}waken.
  xl. nigtes and .xl. daiges.
  swilc woren egipte lages. |                                        500
  first .ix. nigt de liches beðen.                               [f. 48r
  And smeren and winden and bi{}q{ue}ðen.
  And waken is siðen .xl. nigt.
  ðo men so deden ðe adden migt.
  And ebrisse folc adden an kire.                                    505
  Nogt sone deluen it wið yre.
  Oc wassen it and kepen it rigt.
  Wið{}vten smerles seuene. nigt.
  And siden smered .xxx. daiges.
  Cristene folc haueð oðer laiges.                                   510
  He ben smered ðor q{u}iles he liuen.
  Wið crisme and olie in trewðe geuen.
  for trewðe and gode dedes mide.
  ðon ben ðan al ðat wech dede.
  Su{m} on. sum. ðre. su{m} .vii. nigt                               515
  Su{m} .xxx. sum .xii. moneð. rigt.
  And Sum eu{er}ilc wurðen ger.
  ðor q{u}iles ðat he wunen her.
  don for ðe dede chirche{}gong.
  elmesse gifte and messe song.                                      520
  And ðat is on ðe weches stede.
  Wel him mai ben dat wel it dede
  Egipte folc aueð him waked.
  xl. nigt and feste maked.
  And hise sunes .xxx. daiges.                                       525
  Jn clene lif and ali {l}aiges. |
  So woren forð .x. wukes gon.                                   [f. 48v
  get adde jacob birigeles non.
  And pharaon king cam bode bi{}foren.
  ðat josep haueð his fader sworen.                                  530
  And he it hi{m} gatte ðor he wel dede.
  And bad hi{m} nimen hi{m} feres mide.
  Wel wopnede men and wis of here.
  dat noman hem bi weie deren.
  ðat bere is led ðis folc is rad                                    535
  he foren a{}buten bi adad.
  ful seuene nigt he ðer abiden.
  And bi{}meni{n}g for iacob deden.
  So longe he hauen ðeðen numen.
  To flu{m} iurdon ðat he ben cumen.                                 540
  And ou{er} pharan til ebron.
  ðor is ðat liche in biriele don.
  And josep in to egipte went.
  Wid al is folc ut wið him [s]ent.

    [Linenotes:
    476. _offe_ MS. || 526. _daiges_ MS. || 544. _ent_ with
    a letter, apparently _w_, erased before it.]


  ++Hise breðere comen hi{m} ðanne to.                               545
  And gunnen him bi{}seken alle so.
  vre fader he seiden or he was dead.
  vs he ðis bodewurd seigen bead.
  Hure sinne ðu hi{m} for{}giue.
  Wið{}ðanne ðat we vnder ðe liuen.                                  550
  Alle he fellen him ðor to fot.
  To beðen meðe and bedden oc. |
  And he it for{}gaf hem mildelike.                              [f. 49r
  And luuede hem alle kinde{}like.
  Osep an hundred ger was hold.                         ¶¶           555
  And his kin wexen manige{}fold.
  He bad sibbe cumen him bi{}foren.
  Or he was ut of werlde boren.
  It sal q{u}að he ben soð bi{}foren.
  ðat god hað ure eldere sworen.                                     560
  He sal gu leden i{n} his hond.
  Heðen to ðat hotene lond.
  for godes luue get bid ic gu
  Lested it ðanne hoteð it nu.
  ðat mine bene ne be for{}loren.                                    565
  Wið gu ben mine bones boren.
  He it him gatten and wurð he dead.
  God do ðe soule seli red.
  Hise liche was spice{}like maked
  And longe egipte{}like waked.                                      570
  And ðo biried hem bi{}foren.
  And siðen late of londe boren.
  Hise oðre breðere on and on.
  Woren ybiried at ebron.
  An her endede to ful in wis.                                       575
  ðe boc ðe is hoten genesis.
  ðe moyses ðurg godes red
  Wrot for lefful soules ned. |
  God schilde hise sowle fro helle bale.                         [f. 49v
  ðe made it ðus on engel tale.                                      580
  And he ðat ðise lettres wrot.
  God him helpe weli mot.
  And berge is sowle fro sorge ⁊ grot.
  Of helle pine cold ⁊ hot.
  And alle men ðe it heren welin.                                    585
  God leue hem i{n} his blisse spilen.
  Among engeles ⁊ seli men.
  Wið{}uten ende in reste ben.
  And luue ⁊ pais us bi{}twen.
  And god so graunte amen ameN.                                      590

    [Linenotes:
    553. _gaf_] _gaff_ in catch-word.]

    [[The page break is shown as printed, at the end of line 552.]]



XXIII. KENTISH SERMONS

[[MS description from Notes volume:

“Laud Misc. 471, Bodleian Library; on vellum, 188 × 130 mm.: consists of
two manuscripts bound together.... The second manuscript, of the end of
the thirteenth century, begins at f. 92....”]]

[[Each sermon was printed in a single paragraph. They have been broken
up for this e-text.]]


[Headnote: Obtulerunt Ei Munera]

+S{er}mo jn die epiphanie.+                                    [f. 128v¹

_++CVM natus esset ih{esus} i{n} betleem iude in dieb{us}
herodis regis ecce magi ab oriente ueneru{n}t ierosolima{m}
dicentes. Vbi e{st} qui natus est rex iudeor{um}._

¶¶ We redeth i þo holi godespelle of te dai ase ure louerd
godalmichti {5} i{}bore was of ure lauedi sei{n}te Marie i þe
cite of bethleem. þet si sterre was seauinge of his beringe. swo
a{}pierede te þo þrie kinges of heþenesse. to{}janes þo sunne
risindde. And al swo hi bi{}knewe [f. 128v²] his beringe bi þo
sterre. swo hi nom{en} conseil be{}tuene hem þet hi wolden gon
for to hyne an{}uri. and þet hi wolden offri {10} him· gold· and
stor· and Mirre. And al swo hi hedden aparailed here offrendes
swo kam si sterre þet yede to for hem in{}to ier{usa}l{e}m. Þere
hi{}speke{n} to herodes and hym askede. wer was se king of gyus
þet was i{}bore. And herodes i{}herde þet o king was i{}bore þet
solde bi king of geus. swo was michel anud. and alle hise men.
for þet he was {15} of{}dred for to liese his king{}riche of
ier{usa}l{e}m. Þo dede he somoni alle þo wyse clerekes þet kuþe
þe laghe and hem askede wer crist solde bien i{}bore. Hi
answerden þet ine ier{usa}l{e}m. for hit was swo i{}seid and
be{}hote hwile{m} bi þo profetes. And al{}swo herodes i{}herde
þis. swo spac te þo þrie kinges. and hem seide. Goþ ha seide
into {20} bethleem and sechez þet child. and wanne ye hit
habbeth hi{}funde swo an{}uret hit. and efter þet cometh to me.
and hic wille go and an{}uri hit. [f. 129r¹] Þet ne seide he
nocht herodes for þet he hit wolde on uri{;} ac for þet he hit
wolde slon. yef he hit michte finde. Þo kinges hem wenten and hi
seghen þo sterre þet yede bi{}fore hem. {25} al{}wat hi{}kam
over þo huse. war ure louerd was. and al swo hi hedden i{}fonden
ure louerd{;} swo hin an urede. and him offrede hire offrendes.
Gold. and. stor. and Mirre. Þo nicht efter þet aperede an ongel
of heuene in here slepe ine metinge and hem seide and het. þet
hi ne solde a{}yen wende be herodes. ac be an oþer weye wende
into hire {30} londes.

¶¶ +L+ordinges and leuedis þis is si glorius miracle. and si
gl{or}ius seywinge of ure lordes beringe. þet us telþ þet holi
godespel of te day. and ye muee wel under{}stonde be þo speche
of þe godspelle þet me sal to dai mor makie offrinke þan an
oþren dai. and þer of us yeft ensample þo þrie kinges of
heþenesse. þet comen fram verrene {35} londes ure louerd
[f. 129r²] to seche. and him makie offrinke. And be þe`t´ hi
offrede gold. þet is cuuenable yeftte to kinge{;} seawede þet he
was sothfast kink. and be þet hi offrede Stor. þet me offrede
wylem be þo ialde laghe to here `godes´ sacrefise{;} seawede þe
he was verray prest. And be þet hi offrede Mirre. þet is biter
þing. signefieth þet hi {40} hedde be{}liaue þet he was
diadlich. þet diath solde suffri for man ken. Nu i{}hiereth wet
signefieth þet Gold. þet. Stor. þet Mirre. And offre we
Gostliche to ure lorde. þe`t´ i offrede flesliche. Þet Gold þet
is bricht and glareth ine þo brichtnesse of þo sunne. signefieth
þe gode beleaue. þet is bricht ine þe gode cristenemannes herte.
Si gode {45} beleaue licht and is bricht ine þo herte of þo gode
Ma{n}ne ase gold. Offre we þanne god almichti god gold. Be{}leue
we stede{}fast{}liche. þet `he is´ fader and sune. and holy
gost. is onlepi god. Wo so hath beleaue ine gode swo offreth him
god gold [f. 129v¹] þet Stor signefied gode werkes. for ase se
smech of þe store wanne hit is i{}do {50} into þe ueréé and goth
upward to þo heuene and to gode ward Swo amuntet si gode
biddinge to gode of þo herte of þo gode cristenema{n}ne. Swo we
mowe sigge þet stor signefieth þe herte. and se smech luue of
gode.

    [Linenote:
    53. After _stor_, _e_ erased.]

{B}i `þet´ Mirre þat is biter. a{n}d be þo biternesse defendet
þet Cors þet is mide i{}smered. þet no werm nel co{m}me
i{}hende{;} signefiet {55} þo gode werkes þet is biter to þo
yemernesse of ure flesce. Si Mirre signefiet uastinge. for þo
luue of gode wakie. go ine pelrimage. uisiti þe poure. and
to{}sike. and to do alle þe gode þet me may do for godes luue.
þo ilke þinges so bieth bitere to þo wrichede flessce. Ac al{}so
si mirre loket þet bodi þet no werm ne may þer i{}hende come{;}
so us defe{n}det {60} þo iléke þinges fram senne. and fram þe
amonesteme{n}t of þo dieule þet ha ne may us mis{}do. Lordinges
nu ye habbet i{}herd þo signefia{n}ce of þo offringes þet maden
[f. 129v²] þo þrie kinges of heþenesse to gode. hye habbet to
gode `i offred´ of yure selure. and of yure erþliche godes. Ne
ne offreth him nacht on lepiliche to day. ac {65} alle þo daies
i þo yere gostliche. Gold. and Stor. and Mirre. ase hic habbe
i{}told. Gold{;} fore Gode belaue. Stor{;} for holy urisun.
Mirre. for gode werkes. þet bieth þo offringes. þet ure louerd
be{}sekeþ auerichedaye þo cristenema{n}ne. and werefore se
xpiste{n}ma{n} yef has deþ{;} of seruet þo blisce of heuene. And
ih{es}u crist þet for us wolde {70} an erþe bi bore. a{n}d
anured of þo þrie kinges of painime{;} he yeu[e] us his grace of
þo holi gost in ure hertes wer{}bi we moue hatie þo ileke þinges
þet he hatedh. and lete þo ileke þinges þat he for{}biet. and
luuie þo ilek þinkes þat he luued. and do þo ilek þinges þat he
hóót. ine him so bileue and bidde a{n}d serui. þet we mowe habbe
þo blisce {75} of heueriche. _Q{uo}d uobis p{restare} d{ignetur}
p{er}._

    [Linenotes:
    54. _Bi_] _Li_ MS. || 64. _i offred_ on margin. ||
    71. _yeuus_ MS.]


[Headnote: Servasti Bonum Vinum Usque Adhuc]

+Do{mi}ni[ca] s{e}c{un}da post octav{am} epiphanie. S{er}mo eu{a}n.+

_++Nuptie f{a}c{t}e su{n}t in chana [f. 130r¹] galiléé. ⁊ erat
mat{er} ih{es}u ibi. Vocatus est au{tem} ih{esu}s ad nuptias ⁊
discipuli eius._

¶¶ Þet holi godspel of to day us telþ. þet a bredale {80} was
i{}maked ine þo londe of ier{usa}l{e}m. in ane cite þat was
i{}cleped Cane in þa time þat godes sune yede in erþe flesliche.
`ac´ To þa bredale was ure leuedi sei{n}te Marie. and ure louerd
ih{esus} crist and hise deciples. so iuel auenture þet wyn
failede. at þise bredale. þo seide ure leuedi seinte Marie. to
here sune. hi ne habbet no wyn. And ure {85} louerd answerde and
sede to hire. Wat be longeth hit to me oþer to þe wyman. Nu ne
dorste hi namore sigge. ure lauedi. Hac hye spac to þo Serganz
þet seruede of þo wyne. and hem seyde. al þet he hot yu do{;} so
doþ. And ure louerd clepede þe serganz a{n}d seyde to hem. ffol
vellet ha seyde. þos ydres. þet is to sigge þos Cróós. oþer {90}
þos fate{n} of watere. for þer were. vi. ydres of stone. þet
ware i{}clepede baþieres wer þo gi{us} hem wesse for clenesse.
and for religiun.

    [Linenote:
    82. _flesliche ac. To_ MS.]

Ase þe custome [f. 130r²] was ine þo time. þo serga{n}z
uuluelden þo faten of watere and hasteliche was i{}went into
wyne. bie þo wille of ure louerde. þo seide ure lord. to þo
serganz. Moveth to{}gid{er}e and {95} bereth to Architriclin.
þat was se þet ferst was i{}serued. And al{}so hedde i{}drunke
of þise wyne þet ure louerd hedde i{}maked of þe watere{;} ha
niste nocht þe miracle. ac þo serganz wel hit wiste. þet hedde
þet water i{}brocht. þo seide Archit{ri}clin to þo bredgume.
Oþer men seyde he doþ forþ þet beste wyn þet hi habbeþ ferst
at {100} here bredale. and þu hest ido þe cont{ra}rie þ`e´t þu
hest i{}hialde þet beste wyn wath nu{;} Þis was þe
co{m}me{n}ceme{n}t of þo miracles of ure loruerde þet he made
flesliche in erþe. and `þo´ beleuede on him{;} his deciples. Ine
sigge nacht þet hi ne hedden þer before ine him beliaue{;} ac
fore `þe´ miracle þet hi seghe{;} was here beliaue þe more {105}
i{}stre{n}gþed.

Nu ye habbeþ i{}herd þe Miracle. nu i{}hereþ þe signefiance. Þet
water bi{}tockned se euele xpistenema{n}. [f. 130v¹] for al{}so
þet wat{er} is natureliche schald and a kelþ alle þo þet hit
drinkeþ{;} so is se euele xpisteman chald of þo luue of Gode.
for þo euele werkes þet hi doþ. Ase so is Lecherie. spusbreche.
Roberie. {110} Manslechte{r}. husberners. bakbiteres. and alle
oþre euele deden. þurch wyche þinkes man of serueth þet fer of
helle. Ase godes oghe mudh hit seid. and alle þo signefied þet
wat{er}{;} þet þurch yem{er}e werkes. oþer þurch yemer i{}wil
liesed þo blisce of heuene. þet wyn þat is naturel{}liche hot
ine him selue{;} and an{}het alle þo þet hit drinked{;} {115}
be{}tokned alle þo þet bied an{}héét of þe luue of ure lorde.

    [Linenote:
    111. _Manslechtes_ MS.]

Nu lordinges ure lord god almichti. þat hwylem in one stede. and
ine one time flesliche makede of wat{er}e wyn{;} yet ha{bb}eþ
manitime maked of watere wyn{;} gostliche. wanne þurch his grace
maked of þo euele manne good man. of þe orgeilus umble. of þe
lechur chaste. {120} of þe niþinge [f. 130v²] large. and of alle
oþre folies{;} so ha maket of þo wat{er}e wyn. þis his si
signefiance of þe miracle. Nu loke euerich man toward
him{}seluen. yef he is win{;} þet is to siggen yef he is
an{}heet of þo luue of gode. oþer yef he is wat{er}. þet is yef
þu art chold of godes luue. yef þu art euel man{;} besech ure
lorde þet he do ine þe {125} his uertu. þet ha þe wende of euele
into gode. and þet he do þe do swiche werkes þet þu mote habbe
þo blisce of heuene. _Q{uo}d u{o}b{is}. pr{est}are dig{netur}._

    [Linenotes:
    118. _hadeþ_ MS. || 123. _he he is win_ MS.]


+Dominica tercia post oct{avam} ep{iphanie}.+

_++Cvm descendiss{et} ih{esus} de monte. secute su{n}t eum {130}
turbe multe. Et ecce leprosus ueniens adorabat eu{m} dicens.
D{omi}ne si uis{;} potes me mu{n}dare._

¶¶ Þet holi godspel of to dai us telþ. þet ure lord ih{esus}
crist. ase he hedde i{}yue þo newe laghe. in one montayne. and
hedde i{}maked þet formeste sarmun þet euerte made in erþe{;}
suo him folgede michel folk. Swo {135} kam a leprus. a sikman
and onurede him and seyde. Lord. [f. 131r¹] lord ha seide yef þu
wilt{;} þu me micht wel makie hool of mine lepre. of mine euele.
And ure lord him seide and sp{re}dde his hond. and tok his
lepre{;} hic wille seide ure lord þet þu bi clensed. and al{}so
raþe he was i{}warisd of his maladie.

+N+u lordinges þis is þe miracle {140} þet þet godspel of te dai
us telþ. ac great is þe tokni{n}gge. Se leprus signefiez þo
senuulle men. si lepre þo se{n}ne{n}. þet scab bi{}tokned þo
litle se{n}nen. si lepre be{}tokned þo g{r}ete sennen þet biedh
diadliche. Ase so is lecherie. spusbreche. Gauelinge. Roberie.
þefte. Glutunie. drunkenesse. and alle þo sennen þurch wiche me
liest þo luue of gode {145} almichti and of alle his haleghen.
þurch S`c´ab nis nacht man and wyman deseiurd fram ma{n}nes
felarede. Ne for þo litle sennen. þet noman hine ne mai loki.
nis noon deseurd pardurableliche fram gode{;} ne fram holi
chereche. for lepre is man deseurd of þo co{m}painie of gode and
of alle his angles. þat is to sigge for diadliche {150} senne.

[f. 131r²] Nu ye habbet i{}herd þe miracle and wet hit
be{}tokned. Nu loke we yef we bieþ clene of þise lepre. þat is
to siggen of diadliche senne. Se [leprus] liest þe felarede of
oþer men{;} for se þet sterft inne diadliche senne{;} so for
liest þe co{m}painie of gode. And yef ye bieþ clene{;} lokeþ þet
ye ne falle nocht. þet ye ne {155} bie deseuerd fram þe felarede
of gode al{}michti. þurch none euele werkes þurch none euele
i{}wil. And yef ye bieþ lepr{us} þurch diadliche senne. greded
gode Merci{;} þet þo leprus yaf helþe ine bodie{;} þet he us
yeue gostliche helþe. in ure saule. Comeþ to srifte for leted
yure sennen and þer of bieþ a{}soiled. þanne sollie habbe þo
helþe of {160} heuene. þat is lif with uten ende.

_Q{uo}d uob{is}. pr{est}are dig{netur}. p{er}._


[Headnote: Domine, Salva Nos, Perimus]

+Dominica q{ua}rta post oct{avam} ep{iphanie}.+

_++Ascendente ih{es}u i{n} nauiculam. secuti su{n}t eu{m}
discipuli eius. Et ecce motus factus est magn{us} i{n} mari.
Ita {165} ut nauicula op{er}iret{ur} fluctib{us}. Erat an{tem}
illis{;} uent{us} {con}trarius._

[f. 131v¹] ¶¶ We redeth i þe holi godspelle of to dai þat ure
lord ih{es}u c{ri}st yede one time in to ane ssipe and ise
deciples mid him in{}to þe séé. And so hi were i{n} þo ssipe so
a{}ros a great te{m}peste. of winde. And ure lord was i{}leid
him don to slepe. ine þo {170} ssipe. er þane þis tempeste
a{}róós. Hise deciples hedde g{re}t drede of þise te{m}peste. so
a{}wakede hine. and seiden to him. lord saue us{;} for we
p{er}isset. And ha wiste wel þet hi ne hadde nocht gode beleaue
ine him{;} þo seide to hem. wat dret yw folk of litle beliaue.
Þo a{}ros up ure lord and tok þane wynd and to séé{;} and al{}so
raþe hit was {175} stille. And al{}se þo men þet weren in þo
ssipe hedde i{}seghe þo miracle so awondrede hem michel. Þis is
si vaire miracle þet þet godspel of te day us telþ. Þere{}fore
sal hure be{}liaue bie þe betere a{}strengþed. Ine swiche lorde
þet siche miracle mai do and doþ wanne he wile. Ac hit is us
nyede þet se þet sucurede he{m} ine þa p{er}il{;} þet {180} us
sucuri ine [f. 131v²] ure niedes. Þet we clepie to him þet ha us
helpe. and he hit wille do bleþeliche. yef we him bisecheth
merci mid good i{}wille al{}so him seluen seith bi þe holi
writes.

_Salus p{o}p{u}li ego su{m}. ⁊ cet{er}a._ Hic am ha seiþ helere
of þe folke. wanne hi to me clepiedh ine hire sorghen. and ine
hire niedes hic hi sucuri {185} and beneme hem al here euel
with{}ute ende. Grede we to him merci sikerliche. yef se deuel
us wille a{}cu{m}bri þurch senne. Þurch p{r}ede oþer þurch
an{}vie. oþer þurh wreþe. oþer þurch oþer manere of diadliche
senne g{r}ede we to him Merci. and sigge we him lord sauue us
þet we ne p{er}issi. and þet he us deliuri of alle eueles. and
þet ha {190} yef us swiche werkes to done in þise wordle{;} þet
þo saulen of us mote bien isauued a domes dai. and gon to þo
blisce of heuene. _Q{uo}d ip{s}e pr{est}are d{ignetur}._


+D{omi}nica In sexagesima. S{er}mo.+

[Headnote: Ite et Vos in Vineam Mean]

_++Simile est regnu{m} celoru{m} ho{min}i pat{ri}familias.
qui_ {195} _exijt p{ri}mo mane {con}ducere op{er}arios in uineam
suam._

[f. 132r¹] ¶¶ ++Hure lord godalmichti to us spekeþ ine þo holi
godespelle of te day. and us seaweth one forbisne. þet yef we
uilleth don his seruise. þe`t´ we sollen habbe {200} þo mede wel
griat ine heuene. For so seyth ure lord ine þo godspelle of to
dai. þet on goodman was. þat ferst uut{}yede bi þe Moreghen for
to here werkmen in to his wi{n}yarde. for ane peny of forewerde.
and al{}so he hedde i{}mad þise forewerde{;} so ha sente hi into
his wynyarde. so ha dede at undre{n} and at midday al{}so. þo
þat hit was {205} a{}yen þan euen{;} so ha ka{m} into þe
Marcatte. so he fond werkmen þet were idel. þo seyde he to hem.
Wéé bie ye idel{;} and hie answerden{;} and seyde. lord{;} for
we `ne´ fonden te dai þat us herde. Goþ nu ha seide se godeman
into mine wynyarde{;} and hic þat richt is{;} yu sal yeue. þos
yede into þise wynyarde. mid þo oþre. þo þet hi wel {210} euen.
þo seide þe lord to his sergant. Clepe þo werkmen a{n}d yeld hem
here trauail. and a{}gyn to hem þat comen last, and go al to þo
ferste. yef eue[f 132r²]riche of hem ane peny.

Se sergant dede þes lordes co{m}ma{n}dem{en}t. so paide þo
werkmen and yaf euerich ane peny. And so hi seghen þo þet bi þe
Morghen waren i{}comen. þet {215} hi þet waren last i{}cume.
Hedde{n} here euerich ane peny{;} Þo we{n}den hi more habbe{;}
þo gruchchede hi a{}menges hem. and seyden. þos laste on ure
habbeþ i{}travailed. and þu his makest velaghes to us. þet
habbeth al{}deai i{}bye ine þine wynyarde. and habbetþ i{}þoled
þe berdene of þo pine. and of þo hete of al þo daie. þo
ansuerede se gode man {220} to on of hem. Frend ha seide ine do
þe noon unricht. Wat for þi{n}gketh þat hic do min i{}wil{;}
a{n}d al{}so ure lord hedde i{}told þise forbisne{;} so he seide
efter{}ward. so sulle þo uerste bie last{;} and þo laste ferst.
Fele bieþ i{}clepede{;} ac feaue bieþ i{}cornéé.

Nu i{}hereþ þe signefiance. þes godeman{;} be tockneþ
godalmichti ure lord. Se {225} winyard be{}tockneþ. þe seruise
of ure lorde. þe werkmen. be tockneþ alle þo þet doþ cristes
seruise. [f. 132v¹] þo tides of þo daie{;} be{}tokneþ þe time of
þis world. Bie þe Morghen i{}herde ure lord werkmen in{}to his
winyarde. þo ha sente þe pat{ri}arches. ate begininge of þis
wordl. ine is seruise. þet þurch gode beleauéé him seruede. and
seden {230} his techi{n}ge to alle þo þet hi hedden hit to
siggen. Al{}so at undren. and at midday. i{}herede he werkmen
into is winyarde. þo ha sente be þo time þet Moyses was a{n}d
aaro{n}. and i þe time of his p{ro}phetes dede he mani god man
i{n}{}to his seruise{;} þet þurch griate luue to him helden. and
deden his seruise. To yenes þa{n} euen{;} godalmichti {235}
i{}hierde werkmen in{}to his winyarde. þo þat he alast of þis
wordle naam fles and blod ine þe Maidene sei{n}te Marie. and
seauede ine þis world. þo fond he Men. þet al day hedden i{}be
idel. Werefore he fond þet heþen folk þet be þo time þet was
i{}go{;} hedden i{}be ut of godes be{}liaue. and of his luue.
and of his seruise. Hi ne hedden {240} nocht i{}be idel
[f. 132v²] for to done þo deueles werkes.

Ac þere{}fore seith þet godspel þet hedden i{}be idel{;} þo þet
hi nedden bi{}leued ane god{}almichti. ne him louie ne hi{m}
serui. For al þat is ine þis wordle. þet man is. bote yef ha
luuie godalmichti. and hi{m} serui{;} al hit him may þe{n}che
for lore and idelnesse. þo a{}resunede ure lord þe paens {245}
be ise apostles. vre{}fore hi hedde{n} i{}be so longe idel. þo
þet hi ne hedden i{}be in his seruise{;} þo ansuerden þe
pae{n}s{;} þet non ne hedden i{}herd hij. þet is to sigge þet hi
ne hedden neuer te i{}heed p{ro}ph{et}e ne a{}postle ne prechur.
þet hem seaude ne hem tachte hu i{}solden ine gode beleue ne him
serui. Goþ a seide ure lord inte mine {250} winyarde. þet is
inte mine beleaue. and hic yw sal yeue yure peni þet is
heueriche blisce. þo heþen men yeden be þa daghen into cristes
seruise{;} and we þet of hem bieþ i{}cume. and habbeþ cristendom
under fonge{;} bieþ i entred i{n} to cristes seruise þere fore
we sollen habbe ure peni þet is þe blisce of heuene. [f. 133r¹]
also wel ase {255} þo þet comen bi þe Morghen. for al so we
hopieþ for te habbe heueriche blisce{;} ase þo pat{ri}arches and
þo p{ro}ph{et}es. and þo apostles and þo gode men þet hwile{m}
ine þis world godalmichti s{er}ueden.

So as we habeþ i seid of diuers wordles. þet god almichti dede
werkmen into his winyarde{;} so we mowe sigge of þo elde of
eueriche me{n}. {260} For godalmichti deþ werkm{en} into his
winyarde bi þe Morghen. Wanne ha clepeþ of swiche þer bieþ into
his seruise ine here childhede. Wanne hi of þis world wendeþ.
beswo þet hi ne be ine no diadlich senne. At undren ha se{n}t
men in to his winyarde. þet a turneþ into his s{er}uise. of age
of man. At Middai wanne þo dai is {265} alþer hotestd be tokned
þo men of .xxx^ti. wyntre. oþer of furti. for þe nat{ur}e of Man
is of greater stre{n}gþe and of greater hete ine þo age. Se euen
bi tockneþ. elde of Man. þet is se ende of þe liue. Vre lord deþ
werkmen into his winyarde a genes þo e[f. 133r²]uen{;} Wanne
fele ine here elde wendeþ ut of here senne i{n} to cristes
seruise. As so {270} solle hi habbe þo blisce of heuene{;} ase
þo þet ferst come{n} into þe winyyarde. Nocht for þan for þise
griate bunte þet ure iord yefþ ne solde no man targi for to
wende to godalmichti ne him to serui. for al so seid þet holi
writ þet now ne wot þane dai of his diaþe. for Man mai longe
liues wene and ofte him legheþ se wre{n}ch.

Nu gode men {275} ye habbeþ i herd þet godspel and þe forbisne.
Nu lokeþ yef ye bieþ with inne þo winyarde. þet is þet yef ye
bieþ ine godes seruise yef ye bieþ with ute diadliche senne yef
ye hatied þat he hateþ. yef ye luuieþ þet he luueþ. and doþ þet
he hot. and but ye do{;} ye bieþ hut of his winyarde. þe is ut
of his seruise. and ye doþ þet ure lord hóót, so ye {280} of
serueþ þane peni. þet `is´ heueriche blisce. ye of s{er}ueþ þet
good þet noon herte ne may i{}þenche ne noon yare i here ne
tunge telle. þo blisce þet god [f. 133v¹] halt alle þo þet hine
luuieþ. þider lord granti us to cumene. _Q{uo}d ipse pr{est}are
dignet{ur}. p{er}._

    [Linenotes:
    224. On margin, Multi s{un}t uocati{;} p{auci}. ||
    235. _þan_] _þā_ MS. || 278. _he he_ MS.]



  OXFORD
  PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
  BY HORACE HART, M.A.
  PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY


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[Design of the e-text:

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marked as in the original, with   additional   space.

Page numbers from the source MSS are shown as printed--inline in the
prose passages, marginal in verse--with their original brackets. Page
breaks in verse were marked with a simple line |.

In Linenotes and Collations, single | and double || lines have been
added by the transcriber where the original used extra space between
entries.

Several selections offer parallel readings from two or more MSS,
originally printed on facing pages. These parallel readings are shown
in sequence, with differing amounts of indentation; long prose passages
have been broken into smaller units for easier comparison.


Editorial material:

As explained in the editor’s Introduction, “Additions are made within
square brackets, and interlineations are printed between accents.”
Brackets added by the transcriber are also used to enclose footnotes and
similar multi-line blocks of text. The `accents´ occur in pairs, and are
used nowhere else. Some selections use *asterisks*, also in pairs.

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identified by selection number. These were randomly printed in upper or
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