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Title: A Circuit Rider's Wife
Author: Harris, Corra, 1869-1935
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.

*** Start of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "A Circuit Rider's Wife" ***




With Illustrations by William H. Everett

[Frontispiece: The old, burly country doctor bending above me.]

Henry Altemus Company

Copyright, 1910, by the Curtis Publishing Company
Copyright, 1910, by Howard E. Altemus







The Old, Burly Country Doctor Bending Above Me . . . . . _Frontispiece_

Brother Tom Pratt, a Prominent Member, Had Backslided

With Such Sad Hunger in Their Faces

"I'll Pay You, Parson.  I'll Pay as Soon as I'm Able"

I Heard Him in His Study Singing

"It's Going to Be an Awful Night, Don't Go--She Is Not a Member
  of Your Church"

Then He Took Up with Job in the Scriptures

Not So Much for Him as for Fear He Would Not Understand



If you will look back over the files of the "Southern Christian
Advocate," published at the time in Macon, Georgia, you will find the
following notice--by a singular coincidence on the page devoted to
"obituaries": "Married--Mary Elizabeth Eden to William Asbury Thompson.
The bride is the daughter of Colonel and Mrs. Eden, of Edenton; the
groom is the son of the late Reverend Dr. and Mrs. Asbury Thompson, and
is serving his first year in the itinerancy on the Redwine Circuit.  We
wish the young people happiness and success in their chosen field."

"Chosen field" had reference to the itinerancy, not matrimony.  And
that was my "obituary" if I had only known it.  For after that, if I
was not dead to the world, I only saw it through the keyhole of the
Methodist Discipline, or lifted and transfigured by William's
sermons--a straight and narrow path that led from the church door to
the grave.

But now, after an absence of thirty years, I am addressing this series
of letters to the people of the world concerning life and conditions in
another, removed from this one by the length of long country roads, by
the thickness of church doors, and by the plate glass surface of the
religious mind.  They will record some experiences of two Methodist
itinerants and whatever I think besides, for they are written more
particularly to relieve my mind of a very great burden of opinions.
For William has been promoted.  He has received his LL. D. in the
Kingdom of Heaven by this time if there are any degrees or giving of
degrees there, along with Moses and Elijah, and I doubt if there is a
more respected saint in that great company.  We buried him a year ago
in the graveyard behind Redwine Church.

I was born in Edenton, a little white-and-blue town in Middle Georgia,
and my name was recorded in the third generation of Edens on the
baptismal registry of St. John's Church there.  William was born
somewhere in a Methodist parsonage, and his name is probably written on
the first page of the oldest predestination volume in Heaven.  In
Edenton the "best families" attended the Episcopal Church.  It was a
St. John's, of course, though why this denomination should be so
partial to that apostle is a mystery, for his autobiography, as
recorded in the New Testament, reads more like that of a campmeeting
Methodist than any other disciple's.  As a child its presence there at
the end of the shaded village street was real to me, like my mother's.
I did not repent in it as one must do in a Methodist or Baptist church,
but I grew up in it like a daughter in the house of the Lord.  As a
girl on Sabbath mornings I entered it with all the mincing worldliness
of my young mind unabashed.  Later I was "confirmed" in it and
experienced some of the vanity of that high spiritual calm which
attends quick conversions in other churches.  And to this day there is
something ineffably sweet and whimsically inconsistent to me in an
Episcopal saint.  The fastidious stamina of their spirituality which
never interferes with their worldliness is so satisfyingly human.
Piety renders them increasingly graceful in manners and appearance.  In
Heaven I believe Episcopalian saints will be distinguished from all
others by stiff ruffs worn around their redeemed necks.

But all was different in the church to which William belonged, and in
which he had been brought up for three generations.  The "best
families" are never in the majority there.  You will find, instead,
besides a few "prominent members," the poor, the simple-minded, the
ne'er-do-wells morally, who have always flocked to the Methodist fold
for this pitying reason, because they find that, if fallen, it is
easier to rise in grace according to the doctrines of that church.

So, while William's father and further fathers had been engaged in the
tedious mercy of healing and rehealing these lame, indigent souls
according to various hallelujah plans, my mother and foremothers had
been engaged in embroidering altar-cloths and in making durable Dorcas
aprons for the unknown poor.  This made the difference in our natures
that love bridged.  That is the wonderful thing about love--it comes so
tremendously new and directly from God to recreate in us, and it is so
divinely unprejudiced by what our ancestors did religiously or

To all appearances it would have been better for William if he had
chosen for his wife one of those pallid prayer-meeting virgins who so
naturally keep their lamps trimmed and burning before the pulpits of
unmarried preachers.  They are really the best women to be found in any
church.  They never go astray, they are the gentle maiden sisters of
all souls, the faded feminine love-psalms of a benighted ministry who
wither and grow old without ever suspecting that their hope was
marriage no less than it is the hope of the giddiest girl.  However, a
preacher rarely takes one of them for his first wife.  It is only after
he has been left a widower with a house full of children that he turns
imploring love-looks in their direction.  And whatever is true in other
churches, it will be found upon investigation that most of the
excellent stepmothers so numerous in the Methodist itinerancy have been
selected from this class.  But William was not a widower; besides, love
is the leveler of human judgments in such matters and the builder of
new destinies.  So I was chosen instead of the prayer-meeting virgin to
be his wife--the gayest, wildest young heroine hoyden in the town.

We met by chance in the house of a mutual friend.  I remember the day
very well, so blue above, so green below, with all the roses in Edenton
blooming.  I was going to tea at the Mallarys'.  I wore a green muslin,
very tight in the waist, but flaring in the skirt like the spring
boughs of a young bay tree.  I had corntassel hair and a complexion
that gave my heart away.  Mrs. Mallary, a soft, match-making young
matron, met me at the door and whispered that she had a surprise for
me.  The next moment we entered the parlor together.  The room spun
around, I heard her introducing some one, felt the red betrayal on my
brow, and found myself gazing into the face of a strange young man and
hoping that he would ask me to marry him.  It was William, a college
mate of Tom Mallary's, spending the night on his way to his circuit
from a district meeting.  He wore his long-tailed preacher clothes and
looked like a young he-angel in mourning as he bowed and replied to me
with his eyes that indeed he would ask me to be his wife as soon as it
was proper to do so.  This was sooner than any steward or missions
mother in his church would have suspected.  For, once a man is in love,
his sense of propriety becomes naïvely obtuse and primitive.

There is little distinction between a preacher and any other man as a
lover.  William, I recall, made love as ardently as the wildest young
scamp in Edenton.  This was one of the thrilling circumstances of our
courtship.  I should not have been surprised if Tom Logan, or Arthur
Flemming or any one of a half a dozen others had made me telegraphic
dispatches of an adoring nature with his eyes, but I was flattered and
delighted to have melted the mortal man in a young minister who always
looked as if he had just risen from his knees.  I do not know why women
are this way about preachers, but they are, at least they were in my
day, and, later, I discovered that the trait leads to curious
complications.  Meanwhile, I left the course of our true love all to
William, feeling that a man who could smile like that must know what
was proper.  We were engaged in less than a week and married in a
month.  Women only are the conductors of protracted courtships.

Our wedding tour was a drive of twenty miles through the country to the
parsonage on the Redwine Circuit.  And the only one who had any moral
impression of the day was the horse.  I do not even recall the road
except that it swept away like a white, wind-blown scarf over the green
world, and that wild roses looked at me intimately from the fence
corners as we passed.  William had a happy amen expression, but neither
of us was thinking of the living or dying souls in the Redwine Circuit.
The horse, however, had got her training on the road between churches,
and did not know she was conducting a wedding tour.  She was a sorrel,
very thin and long-legged, with the disposition of a conscientious
red-headed woman.  She was concerned only to get us to the parsonage in
time for the "surprise" that had been secretly prepared for our coming.

Toward evening the road narrowed and steepened and, looking up, we
caught sight of it, a little wren of a house, hidden between two green
shoulders of the world.  The roof sloped until one could touch the
mossy shingles, and the chimneys on either side were like ugly,
voluminous old women who rocked the cradle of a home between them and
cheered it with the red heart of wood fires within.  In the valley
below lived the people of Redwine Church.  But the world was withdrawn
and could only be seen at a great distance through the gateway of the
two hills.  One had the feeling that God's ancient peace had not been
disturbed in this place, and this was a solemn, foreboding feeling for
me as we reached the shadow of the big fruit tree in front of the
house, and William lifted me lightly from the buggy, unlatched the
door--it was before the day of rogues and locks in that community--and
welcomed me home with a kiss that felt a trifle too much like a

There were two rooms; one was a bedroom, having a red, white and blue
rag carpet on the floor and furnished with a home-made bed, a little
stump-toed rocking chair, a very straight larger chair, and a mirror
hanging over a table that was covered with fancifully notched blue
paper.  The other was the living room, and contained a cedar piggin and
gourd on a shelf; a bread tray, dishpan, a pot and two skillets on
another shelf near the fireplace, two split-bottom chairs, a table, and
a cat.  The cat was a large, gray agnostic.  He never admitted
William's presence by so much as a purr or a claw, and I have noticed
that the agnostic is the only creature living who can treat a preacher
with so much contempt.  We found him curled up on the window sill next
to the milk pitcher, sunning himself.

William went out to put up his red-headed horse, and I drew a chair
before the shelf containing the bread tray, the dishpan, pot and
skillets, and stared at them with horror and amazement.  Why had
William not mentioned this matter of cooking?  I had never cooked
anything but cakes and icings in my whole life!  I was preparing to
weep when a knock sounded upon the door and immediately a large, fair
woman entered.  She wore the most extraordinary teacup bonnet on her
huge head that was tied somewhere in the creases of her doubled chin
with black ribbons.  And, on a blue plate, she was carrying a stack of
green-apple pies nearly a foot high.  Catching sight of the
half-distilled tears in my eyes as I arose to meet her, she set the
pies down, clasped me in her arms and whispered with motherly
tenderness: "I know how you feel, child; it's the way all brides feel
when they first realize what they have done, and all they've done to
theirselves.  But 'tain't so bad; you'll come down to it in less 'an a
week; and you mustn't cry now, with all the folks comin' in.  They
won't understand."

She pointed through the open door and I turned in the shelter of her
arms to see down the road a strand of people ascending the hill,
dressed like fancy beads, each behind the other, and each bearing
something in her hands or on his shoulders--and William standing at the
gate to welcome them.

"Who are they?" I asked in astonishment.

"It's a donation party.  I come on ahead to warn you.  Them's the
members of the Redwine, Fellowship and Macedonia churches, bringin'
things to celebrate your weddin'.  I'm Glory White, wife of one of the
stewards at Redwine, and we air powerful glad to have you.  So you
mustn't cry till the folk air all gone, or they'll think you ain't
satisfied, which won't do your husband any good."

That was my first lesson in suppressing my natural feelings.  As the
years went by I had more lessons in it than in anything else.  And I
reckon it is not such a bad thing to do, for if one's natural feelings
are suppressed long enough one develops supernatural feelings and feels
surer of having a soul.

The donation party poured in, Sister Glory White and I standing between
the kitchen table and the fireplace to receive them.  William acted as
master of ceremonies, conducting each man and woman forward with great
_empressement_ for the introduction.  Everyone called me "Sister
Thompson" and laid a "donation" on the table in passing.  I was not
aware at the time of their importance, but as William only received two
hundred and forty-five dollars for his salary that year we should have
starved but for an occasional donation party.  In fact, they are
smiling providential instances in the memory of every Methodist
itinerant.  Upon this occasion they ranged from bedquilts to hams and
sides of bacon; from jam and watermelon rind preserves to flour, meal
and chair tidies.  One old lady brought a package of Simmons' Liver
Regulator, and Brother Billy Fleming contributed a long twist of "dog
shank"--a homecured tobacco.  The older women spread the viands for the
"infare," as the wedding dinner was called, upon the table, and we
stood about it to eat amid shouts and laughter and an exchange of wit
as good natured as it was horrifying to bridal ears.

"So," said a huge old Whitman humorist that I afterward identified as
Brother Sam White, as he clasped both my hands in his, "this is Brother
Thompson's new wife"--as if I were one of a series--"you are welcome,
ma'am.  He's been mightily in need of a wife to perk him up.  He's a
good preacher, but sorter like my young horse Selim.  There ain't a
better colt in the country, only he don't show it; sperit's too quiet
unless I lay a cuckle bur under his tail.  And your husband, ma'am,
what he says is good, but he don't r'ar and pitch enough.  He can't
skeer young sinners around here with jest the truth.  He must learn to
jump up and down and _larrup_ 'em with it!"

All this was delivered in a bellowing voice that fairly shook the
feathers in my hat.  And it indicates the quality of William's ministry
and the ideals of his congregation.



As Sister Glory White had predicted, I "came down to it" at once and
soon learned to perform the usual feminine miracles in the bread-tray
and skillets.  Our happiness did not differ from the happiness of other
young married people except that it was abashed morning and evening
with family prayers--occasions when Thomas, the cat, invariably arose
with an air of outraged good-breeding and withdrew to the back yard.
William had long, active, itinerating legs in those days, a slim,
graceful body, a countenance like that of Sir Walter Raleigh and eyes
that must have been like Saint John's.  They were blue and had in them
the "far, eternal look."  And in the years to come I was to learn how
much the character of the man resembled both that of the cavalier and
the saint.  Also, I was to learn that it was no light matter for one's
husband to have descended from an ecclesiastical family that had found
its way up through church history by prayer and fasting.

A Presbyterian may make the most abiding forefather, because his
doctrinal convictions are so strong they prenatally crimp the morals of
those who come after him; and it may be that a Methodist ancestor
counts for less in the third and fourth generation because his theology
is too genially elastic to take a Calvinistic grip upon posterity, but
it is certain that he will impart a wrestling-Jacob disposition to his
descendants which nothing can change.  So it was with William; he was
often without "the witness of the Spirit," but I never knew him to let
his angel go.  He had a genius for wrestling in prayer as another man
might have for writing great poetry.  His words flew together into
coveys when he fell upon his knees, and rose like mourning doves to
Heaven, or they would be like high notes out of a black-Saul mood of
the soul, and then they thundered forth from his lips as if he were
about to storm the gates of Paradise.  And sometimes, in the dramatic
intensity of his emotions, he would ask for the most terrifying things.

At first as we knelt together there in the quiet little house with no
one near for help but the hills, I was alarmed less Heaven should take
him at his word, for if half his petitions had been granted we could
not have lived in this world.  We should have been scattered like the
fine dust of a too great destiny.  But presently, when nothing adequate
to them happened during the night, I learned to have more confidence in
the wisdom of God and less in William's.  With him prayer was simply a
spiritual obsession based upon a profound sense of mortal weakness and
very mystifying to his young wife, who had cheerfully said her orisons
from a book night and morning with an easy Canterbury conscience.

The Saturday after our marriage I accompanied him to Redwine, his
regular appointment.  It was the custom then to have preaching Saturday
and Sunday.  The church was withdrawn from the road into a dim forest
of pines, black and mournful.  Here and there, horses and mules bearing
saddles or dangling harness stood slipshod in the shade, switching
their tails at innumerable flies.  Near the door was the group of men
one always sees about a country church on meeting days.  They are
farmers who have an instinct for the out-of-doors and who, for this
reason, will not go in till the last moment.  Beyond the church, in the
thicker shadows, lay its dead beneath a colony of staggering gray
stones.  Upon one grave, I remember, where the clay was freshly turned,
there was a bouquet of flowers--love's protest against the sonorous
sentence--"earth to earth and dust to dust"--which the other graves
confirmed.  The pine needles lay thick above them, and not a flower
distinguished them from the common sod.  They had the look of deeper
peace, the long, untroubled peace of sleepers who have passed out of
the memory of living, worrying men.  These churchyards for the dead
were characteristic features in country circuits, and I mention this
one because ever after it seemed to me to be just inside the gateway of
the Methodist itinerancy, and because, in the end, it came to be the
home place of my heart.

I had never before been in a Methodist church.  A certain Episcopalian
conceit prevented my straying into the one at Edenton.  And I was
shocked now at the Old Testament severity of this one.  There was no
compromise with human desires in it, not a touch of color except the
brown that time gives unpainted wood, not an effort anywhere to appeal
to the imagination or suggest holy imagery.  Only the semicircular
altar rail about the narrow box pulpit suggested human frailty, prayer
and repentance.  On the men's side--for the law of sex was observed to
the point of segregation in all our churches--there was a sprinkling of
men with red, strong, craggy faces who appeared to have the Adam clod
highly developed in them, a world-muteness in expression that seemed to
set them back in the garden and to hide them from God on account of
their sins.  On the other side there was more lightness, more life and
hope expressed in the faces of the younger women.  But in the faces of
the old there was the same outdone look of Nature facing God.

There was no service, from the standpoint of my Episcopal rearing; just
a hymn, a prayer, and then William took his text, the Beatitudes--all
of them.  I have since heard better sermons on one of them, but the
figure of him standing there behind the high pulpit in the darkened
church with his eyes lifted, as if he saw angels above our heads, has
never faded from my memory, nor have the faces of the old women in
their black sunbonnets upturned to him, nor the drooping shoulders of
the old men sitting in the amen corner with bowed heads.  Somehow,
there was a reality about the whole scene that we did not have at home
with all the fine music and Heaven-hinting accessories.

He had reached the promise to the blessed peacemakers in the course of
his sermon, the vision-seeing calm growing deeper in his eyes and the
high look whitening on his brow, when suddenly a woman on the front
seat stood up, laid her sleeping infant on the floor with careful
deliberation, took off her black calico bonnet, stepped into the aisle,
slapped her hands together and began to spin around and around upon her
toes with incredible celerity.  Her homespun skirt ballooned about her,
the ruffle of her collar stood out like a little frill of white neck
feathers.  She had a fixed, foolish expression, maintained an energy of
motion that was persistent and amazing, and gave out at regular
intervals a short, staccato squeal that was scarcely human in sound.

Not a word was spoken; William himself was silenced as he watched the
strange phenomenon.  And I have often wondered since at the quality of
that courage in an otherwise shrinking country woman which could cause
her to rise, take the service out of the preacher's hands as serenely
as if she had been sent from God.  And this is what she really
believed.  And every other member of the congregation, including
William, shared the belief that she had got an extraordinary blessing
that day.

After all, it is a tremendous blessing to believe that one's God is
within immediate blessing distance.  In this connection I venture to
add that it has always seemed to me a lack of comprehension which gives
the Methodists the chief reputation for emotional religion, and it is
certainly cheating the Episcopalians.  For every time the service is
read in an Episcopal church the congregation shouts the responses,
quietly, of course, and by the book, but it is shouting just the same,
and with a beseeching use of words both joyful and agonizing that
surpasses any sporadic shouting of the Methodists.

After the sermon we had dinner on the grounds, for this was an all-day
meeting with another service at the end of the day.  And Saturday
dinner on the grounds of a Methodist church thirty years ago was a
function that appealed to the threefold nature of man as nothing else I
have ever seen did.  Socially speaking, all the best people in the
community were present; the real best people, you understand.
Spiritually, it was an occasion hallowed by grave conversation; for
were we not within the shadow of God's house, in the sacred presence of
the dead?  It was gruesome if you had an Episcopalian temperament, but
certainly it conduced to good breeding and sobriety.  But, more
particularly, there was the dinner itself set out of huge hampers on
white cloths that appealed to the natural primitive man simply and
honestly, without a single pretense of delicacy to hide the real
grossness of the human appetite.

On this day plenty strewed the ground from Sister Glory White's basket
to Sister Amy Jurdon's and Sister Salter's.  There were biscuit the
size of saucers and of the thickness of bread loaves, hams, baked hens,
roasted pigs, more biscuit, cucumber pickles six inches in length,
green-grape pies, custards of every kind and disposition, and cakes
that proclaimed the skill of every woman in the church.

William advised me to eat as I had never eaten before or the women
would think I did not like their cooking and would be correspondingly
offended.  I was expected to consume at least three of the great
biscuit and everything else in proportion.  Fortunately, I sat near a
tangle of vines in which I discovered a dog was hiding, a hound who
gazed imploringly at me through the leaves with the forlorn,
backslidden-sinner expression peculiar to his species, as much as to
say: "Don't tell I am here; maybe then I'll get a few crumbs later on."
I not only did not tell, but I fed him eight of the biscuit, five
slices of ham, and nearly everything else in reach of me except the
cucumber pickles.  I never saw a dog eat more furtively or so well.

Meanwhile, I was raising for myself a monument more enduring than brass
in the hearts of my husband's people, as a hardy woman who could make
herself one of them.  William, who did not suspect the presence of the
dog, grew faintly alarmed, but I persevered till the last man staggered
surfeited from the feast.  It was my first and, I may add, almost my
only triumph as a minister's wife on a backwoods circuit.

After the night service it was arranged that we should go home with the
Salters to spend the night.  Sister Salter was the woman who had
received the blessing.  Brother Salter was not a brother at all--he was
still in the world, a little, twopenny man with a thin black beard, sad
black eyes and a perch mouth.  But he was not proud of his godless
state, especially as it compared with his wife's radiant experience; he
was literally an humble sinner and showed it.  We took our places
behind them in split-bottom chairs in the one-horse wagon.  Sister
Salter was still in her baptismal mood and, as we rumbled on into the
deepening twilight through the sweeting spring woods, she continued to
sing snatches from the old hymns.  Higher and higher her fine treble
voice arose till the homing birds answered and every living thing in
the forest felt the throb of the poignant melody--everything except the
baby on her breast.  It slept on as soundly as if it breathed her peace
into its soft little body.

Night had fallen when we reached the house, a one-room log cabin.

"Light and go in," said Brother Salter.  "I reckon the children air all
in bed.  You 'uns kin ondress and git in while me and Sally unhitches
the horse."

We "lit" and entered the large room flooded with moonshining.  There
was a bed in each corner, and all occupied save one.  This was
evidently the "company bed."  We knew by its opulent feather paunch, by
the white-fringed counterpane and by the pillow-shams bearing soporific
mottoes worked in turkey-red thread.  One could not tell the age of or
how many persons were already asleep in the other beds; but, judging
from the number and varying sizes of the shoes that staggered and
kicked up on the floor beside them, there must have been a hearty
dozen, ranging all the way from adolescence down to infancy.

It is needless to add that we were apparently asleep and the covers
over my horrified head when the elder Salters entered.  Where they
slept is still a mystery.  But we were awakened very early the next
morning by the sound of Sister Salter's voice singing, "His loving
kindness, oh, how good!" as she rattled the stove doors beneath the
cookshed in the yard.  Three very young children were sitting half
under our bed examining our shoes and other articles of apparel, and as
many older heads stared at us from the opposite beds.  My anguish can
be better imagined than described, and the nonchalance with which
William arose and assumed his trousers did not add to my opinion of
him.  I afterward learned that nothing was more common than this
populous way of entertaining guests, and that he had long since become
hardened to the indelicacies of such situations.



But this was only the beginning of social and spiritual surprises
through which I passed.  There was no culture among the people.  They
looked like the poor kin of the angels in Heaven, and they really did
live so far out of the world that no bishop had ever seen them.  I was
divided between horror and admiration at their soul-stretching
propensities, and it is difficult to describe the shock with which I
faced the perpetual exposure of their spiritual nakedness.  It was a
naïve kind of religious indelicacy, like the unguarded ways of very
young children.

Brother Jimmie Meadows would confess to the most private faults in an
experience meeting, and, if he did not, Sister Meadows would do it for
him.  They lacked the sense of humor, which, being interpreted, is a
part of the sense of proportion.  They shrank from the illuminating
quality of wit as if it were a sacrilege--this auto-seriousness was
even an important part of William's character.  He put on solemnity
like a robe when he was in the throes of thought.

The deadly monotony of Christian country life where there are no
beggars to feed, no drunkards to credit, which are among the moral
duties of Christians in cities, leads as naturally to the outvent of
what Methodists call "revivals" as did the backslidings of the people
in those days.  So it came to pass, that year at Redwine, when the
"crops were laid by" William faced his first revival, and I faced
William.  Spiritually speaking, we parted company.  He passed into a
praying and fasting trance, and my heart was nearly broken with the
loneliness, for praying and fasting did not agree with me, and William
seemed to recede in some mystical sense hard to define, so that I
became a sort of unwilling grass-widow.

The revival was to begin at Redwine, when suddenly the rumor reached us
that Brother Tom Pratt, a prominent member, had back-slided, and that
nothing could be done there in a spiritual way until he was reclaimed.
He was a large, fair, goat-lipped man with a long straw beard hanging
under his chin, and he was said to be mightily gifted in prayer.  But
his besetting sin was strong drink, and he had recently been drunk.
The simplicity with which William went about reclaiming him as a part
of the preparation for the coming revival seemed to me almost too
premeditatedly spiritual.

[Illustration: Brother Tom Pratt, a Prominent Member, Had Backslided.]

The revival proceeded, at first with awful chilliness, at length with
flickering warmth.  At last, after a very moving sermon on the prodigal
son, the altar suddenly filled with penitents.  I have often thought of
it, the tenderness with which the good God founded our Scriptures for
us, so they would fit the human heart to the uttermost generations of
men.  That story of the prodigal is the eternal love message from Him
to us.  Preach it anywhere, and the aching, shamed, dissolute rebel in
us trembles and wants to come home.  Here in this hill settlement,
where scarcely any man had been ten miles from where he was born, it
seemed that a hundred had been secret vagabonds in the terrible "far
country."  When the altar was full to suffocation William called on
Brother Tom Pratt to "lead us in prayer."  And he led us through a long
night into the very morning of God.  I wish it were the fashion to call
oftener on outbreaking sinners to pray in church.  Usually they have a
stronger sense of the immediateness of the Lord than the long-winded
saints do; and many a time since that night have I listened to the
Heaven-turning eloquence of better men in prayer, but never have I
heard a nobler petition for the forgiveness of sin.

The church was a darkened space rimmed with light from tallow candles
standing on wooden brackets around the walls, and the space was filled
with the bowed forms of men and women.  Near the pulpit there was more
light falling upon the dejected figures of the penitents clinging to
the altar rail.  Within the rail, kneeling facing them, William's face
gleamed like the death mask of prayer.

There was a silence; then a voice arose from somewhere out of the
deeper shadows, timid, beseeching at first, like a sad messenger of the
outer darkness who had known all the torments of hell and trembled now
before the throne of Heaven.  But as the bearer of the petition gained
courage from his very woes the volume of his voice increased until it
filled the church.  The rafters shook, and sinners fell prostrate in
the chancel.  This, however, was only the beginning.  The great opera
of Brother Pratt's spirit went on like a rude Wagnerian measure until
none could resist it.  Men arose from their knees shouting.  Finally,
the prayer-maker, who had risen in his passion and stood praying with
his hands above his head, reaching visibly for salvation, fell
exhausted to the floor.

The scene is no less amazing to me now as I recall it than it was that
night thirty years ago as I sat, a trembling bride, in the remotest
corner, praying privately and fervently that the Lord would spare me
the sight of William taking part in it.  I felt that if he did I should
ever after have some earth fear of him.  If preachers could only preach
without thrusting us up too close to the awful elbows of God before our

It was the custom in those days always to conclude a Methodist revival
with a "love feast"; you cannot have it where you cannot have an
old-fashioned revival.  One of the coldest functions I ever attended
was a so-called "love feast" in a fashionable Methodist church at the
end of a series of meetings.  The men wore tuxedos and the women wore
party gowns, high-necked, of course, on account of its being a church
affair.  And the only difference between that and any other social
function was that a good many people were present whom the fashionable
members never invited to their own homes and whom they treated with
offensive cordiality on this occasion.

But at the end of the revival at Redwine there was a real "love feast."
A great crowd had assembled, due to the honorable curiosity in the
neighborhood to know who would "testify," who would confess his fault
or proclaim that he had forgiven some brother man about a line fence
between their farms or a shoat.  It was, indeed, a sort of Dun and
Bradstreet opportunity to know the exact spiritual standing of every
man and woman in the community.  And it was William's plan that the
service should be held in the evening out-of-doors under the great
pines.  Torches of lightwood furnished the illumination.  William stood
beside a small table facing the congregation, who were seated on the
benches that had been brought out of the church.  After a song and a
prayer that must have made the old saints sit up on their dust in the
graveyard behind the church to listen, William gave the customary

"Brethren and sisters," he said, "we have had a gracious meeting and a
mighty outpouring of the Spirit.  It is meet and proper for those who
have been helped, who feel that their sins are forgiven, who aim to
live a new life, to get up and say so, and thus burn the bridges behind
them.  Come out on the Lord's side so everybody can see where you
stand!  I leave the meeting open to you."

"Brother Thompson," said a gray old man with meal on his coat, "I feel
that I have been blessed durin' this meetin', and I ask the prayers of
all Christian people that I may continue faithful to the end!"

"Amen!" said William, and there were general grunts of approval, for
the miller was known to be a wonderfully good man.

"Brother Thompson," said a strange, shaggy young Adam, "I feel that my
sins are forgiven me and that I am a child of God.  I ask the prayers
of all Christian people that I may continue faithful."  He was a
moonshiner who had destroyed his whisky and cut up his own copper worm
and vats during the meeting.  As he resumed his seat a little thin
woman in a blue cotton dress sprang to her feet, hopped with the
belligerent air of a fighting jaybird across the intervening space and
lost herself in the arms of the regenerated moonshiner.  She was his
wife, the good woman who stayed at home and prayed for him of nights.
Now she shouted and beat a tender tattoo with her little brown hands
upon his bowed head.

"I jest can't help shoutin'," she cried.  "I'm so glad he done it!"

He had "done it" three times before--reformed, only to fall again so
soon as the corn was gathered in the fall.  No one had confidence in
him save this little blue-winged heart who loved him.  It is no wonder
women believe in God easier than anyone else does!  They can believe
with so little reason in men.

After this followed several triumphant testimonies.  Sister Glory White
began to shout sweetly and quietly in the amen corner, slapping her fat
hands together and whispering softly:

"Bless the Lord, O my soul!  Bless the Lord, O my soul!  And all that
is within me, praise His holy name!"

Presently there was an interruption.  William had made the mistake of
confiding one of the torches to Brother Billy Fleming, a "holiness
man."  Suddenly he leaped into the air, shouting and brandishing his
blaze in every direction.  The paroxysm of joy was short, however, and
when quiet was restored, in the deeper darkness--for Brother Fleming's
torch had gone out--a tall man arose from near the middle of the
congregation.  He had a bushy brown beard, a little apostrophe nose,
childish china-blue eyes, and a thin high voice which gave the
impression upon hearing it that he was at the very moment trying hard
to squeeze through the eye of his needle, spiritually speaking.  I
recognized him as Brother John Henry, distinguished for having the most
sensitive conscience of any man in the church.  Now he stood with the
tears in his eyes, too deeply moved for a moment to speak.  Everyone
leaned forward, for it was always a matter of interest to know what
else was troubling Brother Henry's soul.  At last, in a quavering
treble he confessed with the air of one doomed to suffer terrible

"Brother Thompson, you know, all of you know, I try to be a good man.
But the flesh is weak.  I git tempted and fall into sin before I know
it.  I'm sufferin' remorse now beca'se I set my old dominique hen twice
and cheated her into hatchin' two broods of chickens without givin' her
a day's rest between settin's!  My remorse is worse beca'se a man can't
apologize to a hen or make restitution!"

Such rarefied confessions were common, and this was one of many
occasions when I disgraced William by snickering in the solemn pause
which followed.

However, these faded daguerreotypes of memory suggest but faintly any
idea of the people with whom I began my life as a minister's wife.  I
can only show their narrowness.  I am not able to give the shrill high
notes of faith in their lives.  They made an awful business of being
good.  And the contrast between them and the witty, mind-bred,
spirit-lost people of the world was startling indeed, but more to their
credit than some are accustomed to think.



For spiritual beings we do take with singular heartiness to the soil
and spoils of this present world.  The hope of immortality is more a
fear than a hope with many of us.  We do not like to see the open door
of death that leads to it.  So every good preacher is the shepherd of
our misgivings, the leader of our forlornest hopes, the captain more
particularly of men and women who are about to die, or who are seeking
Heaven at last in a state of earthly disappointment and world
exhaustion.  I have rarely known a person in good health morally and
physically, fortunately situated in life, who voluntarily sought the
consolations of religion.  I reckon the Lord knew what He was about
when He turned His back and let Satan fill creation with snares and
pitfalls and sorrows and temptations.  If we did not fall into so many
of them we should never get the proper contrite spirit to seek of our
own will and accord after salvation.  He would have been obliged to
thrust it upon us and we might have been no better than the angels,
without the great privilege of sinning our own sins or choosing our own

William was especially qualified for this business of leading hope
after it had done with all earthly ties.  He was intellectually opposed
to what we know as reality.  He entertained topographical convictions
concerning the New Jerusalem, and he could give information about the
Father's House as the old family homestead of the soul so definitely
that one could see the angels on the gables and the Tree of Life
shading the front yard.  The simplest man in the congregation listened
with enthusiasm and found himself recollecting it as if he were
recalling scenes from his first life.  But eternity is a danger none of
us can avoid, and it never seemed spiritually intelligent to me for
Christians to struggle so in that direction.  Indeed, they do not,
really.  That Heaven-desiring enthusiasm is but the name of the
pathetic courage with which they go to meet death because they have to

I recall the thanksgiving prayer of Brother Billy Fleming in this
connection.  In every experience meeting one part of his testimony was
always in standing type--the ambition to be at home in glory, and
particularly to rest in Abraham's bosom.  But when a long fever brought
him almost within kissing distance of Abraham's beard he made a mighty
prayer that God would spare his weak and unprofitable life.  Not only
that, but William was called in to add his own petitions, which he did
throughout the night of the crisis of the fever.  I remained in the
next room with Sister Fleming, a little silent saint who went about the
world like a candle moving in a dark place, merely letting her light so
shine.  When the night deepened and we sat in it, clasped hand in hand,
listening to the prayer concert in the sick man's room, I ventured to
propound a question.

"Sister Fleming," I whispered, "I can understand why you want Brother
Fleming to live, and why the rest of us do; but I can't understand why
he has changed his mind so completely and wants so much to live
himself.  I have heard him say so often that he was not only ready and
willing to go, but just longing to be with Abraham."

"Honey," she replied in the tone with which a mother speaks of the
childishness of children, "them's one of the curiosities of the
Christian religion, the things persons like Billy tells in experience
meetings.  I don't reckon the Lord takes the trouble to even forgive
'em, they air so foolish.  I know Billy from A to Izzard, and, so far
from layin' on Abraham's bosom, he couldn't git along with him till
daybreak.  He jest gits that talk out of his ambition and imagination,
although, humanly speakin', Billy is a tolerably good man, and I don't
reckon the Lord will have any cause to fling off on him when his time
comes.  But you can jest set this down, nobody in his right mind feels
the way most folks say they feel in an experience meeting!"

As a matter of fact, Brother Fleming made a public thanksgiving prayer
at the altar in Redwine Church as soon as he was able to get out.

This deliverance from a woman of such beautiful integrity was a comfort
to me.  For, while I endeavored to be a Christian along with William, I
have never been religious.  To feel consciously religious is, in my
opinion, to become a sort of "bounder."  And we all know how repulsive
a "bounder" is in any circle of society.  This is the objection to the
"holiness people," they are presumptuous in professing a too intimate
likeness and relation to God.  I have never seen a sanctified man or
woman yet whose putty-faced spirituality bore nearly so noble a
resemblance to Him as the sad, thunder-smitten soul of some sinner who
had had his vision of unattainable holiness.  I am thankful that
William was never guilty of the temptation to call himself
"sanctified."  Sanctification is a good thing to preach and a better
thing to strive after, but the minute a man professes it he becomes
less truthful and less intelligent spiritually, and he proceeds to
develop along these lessening lines.

Still, while William did not outrage my reverence for him by a too high
profession, I found him hard enough to follow.  When during the first
year, Sabbath after Sabbath, I saw him quicken the spirit of his
congregation with hymns and prayers, and then, taking his text for a
motto banner, start for the outskirts of eternity, I was probably the
one person in his congregation who hung back for conscientious reasons.
I looked at the weary people in the church, with such sad hunger in
their faces, and then I looked through the open windows at the fair
fields spread like love promises of peace to us in this life, and it
seemed to me that possibly they had missed the cue somewhere and I
declined to make even a spiritual investigation of that country beyond
where the scenes of William's sermons were always laid.  Very soon I
experienced, also, a woman's fear that eventually I should lose some
near and dear sense of my husband.  There is, in fact, a
highly-developed capacity for heavenly infidelity to earthly ties in
most preachers, and the martyrdom of forsaking father and mother and
even his wife in the spirit appealed to his spiritual aspirations.
Many a woman has been deserted in this subtle manner by her minister
husband.  But I kept the fear of it to myself, never encouraging this
attenuated form of piety in him by even opposing it.  Meanwhile, I
began to observe with very genuine admiration his heroism in leading
forlorn hopes.

[Illustration: With Such Sad Hunger in Their Faces.]

This brings me to one of the most important duties of a circuit rider,
that of piloting the dying through the last shallows of the great sea.
There is where hope is forlornest and where William was bravest.
Pastors of fashionable churches rarely perform this office now.  It
seems that an up-to-date church member regards dying so private as to
suggest the idea that some disgrace attaches to it.  The minister
calls, indeed, speaks cheerfully and conventionally of the Hereafter as
of an opulent and famous city with a salubrious climate.  He
congratulates the candidate for immediate residence upon his new
citizenship and takes his departure without the risk of disturbing his
temperature with a hymn or a prayer.  The proper time for both of these
will be when he officiates later over the "remains."

I have sometimes wondered how a fashionable person feels who is obliged
even to die by the doctor's orders and according to convention,
repressing to the last those great emotions that have made us men
instead of clods.

Far away in the country death brings more distinction.  There, men and
women have walked a lifetime in the fields, they have seen the sun rise
and set, the stars shine, the rain fall, the corn grow--all by the will
of God.  And at the very last they are crowded by their great thoughts
of Him, excited by the encroaching fact of His tremendous nearness.
They need a priest, some one who has been "ordained" to lead them into
the Presence.  They have a sense of their ruggedness, their unkempt
earthiness and their general unfitness for the great ceremony.  The
preacher must hold their hands until they cross the doorsill of the
Audience Chamber.

Now, I will not say that William enjoyed officiating on these
occasions, but they thrilled him, increased his faith.  And it touched
me to the very heaven of my heart when I discovered that if the dying
man was unconverted, an "outbreaking" sinner, he was wont to omit the
harder doctrines, and generously lift him to the Lord in prayer upon
the easy pledge of faith.  The Methodists are especially prepared by
the very softness of their creed to afford quick relief to the
dying--just repent and believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and be saved!

Looking back through the years, across many, many graves, it seems to
me I can see the footprints of William shining yet in the dark of death
nights as he journeyed forth to whisper hope into pale ears, and to
offer his strange, unearthly consolation to those about to be left
behind.  Very soon after we were married there came a knock at the door
one night and a voice crying:

"Come quick, Brother Thompson; old Davy Dyer is dyin'.  Doctor says he
can't last till daybreak, and he's hollerin' for a preacher same as if
he hadn't been ag'in God all his life."

Davy Dyer was the blacksmith and the only infidel in the country, a
grimy old Vulcan with white beard and the eagle's implacable eye.  One
of William's braveries was to go there to have his red-headed horse
shod and to sit upon the edge of the anvil block while it was being
done, and gently try to wheedle him toward Heaven.  Now, however, at
last he was to have the best of the argument.  Davy was dying, about to
be turned out of the house and home of his spirit, and he wanted the
preacher to help him find another.  He must have another.  No matter
how intelligent a man is, or how scientific his method is, there is
something in him that _he can't think back to dust_, an unknown formula
that belongs to the unknown.

The time was very short and William hurried away as if he had doves on
his feet and the words of eternal life on his lips.

He returned in the opal dawn of the summer morning whitened and weary,
but in his high ceremonial mood.

"He died in the faith," he answered calmly.

I had my doubts, my sniffing Canterbury doubts, but the bland light
upon his face, an incandescence that he managed from somewhere within,
silenced me.  I never meddled with the coals on William's altar.  And
not long after the shriving of the infidel I had an unexpected
opportunity to observe how easy he made it for his people to "die in
the faith."

We were living a perfectly human day among the roses and sagebushes and
bumblebees in our little garden when word came that Mrs. Salter had
been suddenly stricken and was about to die "without the witness of the
Spirit."  There was a row of dahlias behind the blue-belled sagebushes
requiring attention, and we had been so normally earth-happy digging
about their roots.  William had been so like other young men in his
digressions that I could not help being depressed at the interruption.
It seemed that some shadow of the other world was forever falling
between us.

We came up out of our garden; William harnessed his horse, put on his
longest-tailed black coat, changed his expression, and we drove away on
our sad mission.  For custom required that the pastor's wife should
accompany him upon such occasions.  Her care was to look after the
stricken surviving members of the family while he gave his attention
more particularly to the passing one.  She must be ready to do anything
from cooking the next meal to shrouding the corpse.  The latter is a
particularly garrulous business, and I was horrified to discover that
it was so gruesomely entertaining to the women of the church and
neighbors who helped.  My first corpse was the young wife of a farmer,
who had died of "the fever," as usual.  Sister Fleming and Sister Glory
White had helped me "lay her out."  And each vied with the other as to
the number and condition of the bodies they had prepared for burial,
incidentally comparing points between them and the present one.  The
grand dignity of the dead woman's face did not appall them, but it
frightened me.

"O Sister White," I whispered, trembling and covering my eyes from the
sight of them cackling about the awfully disheveled bed and its burden,
"don't talk so before her.  She looks so much above us!"

"Lor', child, you'll git used to it.  They all have it, that grand
look, when they air dead.  It don't mean nothin'.  Once I 'laid out' a
bad woman; there wasn't another person in the settlement that would
touch her, so I done it, and of all the corpses I ever put away she had
the grandest look.  It sorter staggered me till I thought at last it
was maybe the rest that come to her after the pain of sinnin' had gone
out of her body.  But you'll not be so squeamish about the way folks
look when they air dead after a while.  We had one pastor's wife that
helped lay out fourteen bodies.  But that was the year of the
epidemic," she concluded, leaning over to stretch the shroud sheet.
Little did I think then that I was already upon the eve of an
experience that would far eclipse the record of that other preacher's

We found Sister Salter lying dim and white upon her bed, surrounded by
her family and friends.  And the supreme tragedy of the hour for them
was not her approaching dissolution, but it was that one who had
testified so often and so victoriously of her faith had lost it at the
crucial moment.

What followed is impossible to describe.  It was not the terrible
silence in the crowded room, not the battling breath and the shriveling
features of the woman in the bed, not by contrast the green and happy
calm of the world outside, but it was the awful voice of authority with
which William spoke of things that no man knows, that frightened and
thrilled us.  If he had called me so from a grave where I had lain a
thousand years I should have had to put on my dust, rise and answer
him.  He sat beside the bed and looked as Peter must have looked at
Dorcas as she lay dead in the upper chamber of her house at Joppa.  It
was not the text he quoted, nor the hymns he chanted, but it was the
way he did it.  Clearly he was adding his faith to her forlorn hope.
We saw her face change as if she had risen and was treading the waters
in her spirit to meet an invisible presence.  The fading light of the
summer day showed the same rapt look on it that was there when she
shouted that first Sunday at Redwine, and she passed like a sudden
gleam into the darkness of the coming night.

William's joy was beautiful to see, but I had a sense of intrusion as
if I had parted the wings of some archangel and had seen more
brightness than it was lawful for a mortal to behold.  So long as we
are on this earth it seems to me better to follow the example of Moses
and turn our backs when the Lord passes by, so that we shall see only
the glory of His hinder parts.

The death of Sister Salter marked the beginning of an epidemic, or
rather the return of the same one they had had some years before.  It
swept through the community with such deadly results that not a family
escaped.  And I had another view of the ministerial character.  William
spent all his time in the stricken homes of his people.  It was not a
sense of duty or conscience or courage that caused him to face the
deadly disease with such fortitude, but it was the instinct of the
shepherd for his flock.  And he readily permitted me to accompany him
with the curious indifference to consequences shown by those who have
had their heads grandly turned by Heavenly thoughts.  Life meant little
to him, immortality meant everything.  He risked his own life and the
life of his wife because it is the nature of the true priest to care
more for his people than he does for himself or his wife, just as it is
the nature of the good shepherd to lay down his life for his sheep.

At the end of three weeks we had buried half the membership of Redwine
Church and had received the secrets of many passing souls.  For a man
cannot die with his secret in him.  It belongs to history and will not
be buried.  One old woman, Sister Fanny Claris, who had been a faithful
member of our church for years, confessed to William at the very last
that she had always wanted to be a Baptist, but that her husband had
been a Methodist and she had "gone with him."

"If I could have been put clean under the water when I j'ined and not
had sech a little jest flung on my head, seems as if I'd feel safer
now," she wailed.  "And I've took the Lord's Supper with sinners and
all kinds when it was in my conscience to be more particular and take
it 'close communion' style like the Baptists.  Besides, I have believed
in the doctrine of election all my life, and I ain't noways sho' about
mine now, although I've tried to do my duty."  The fading eyes looked
at us out of the old face sternly crimped with the wrinkles she had
made working for God under an alien creed.

"My soul's never been satisfied, not for a single day, in your church
with its easy ways and shiftless doctrines," she concluded faintly.

For once William was silenced.  It was not an occasion upon which to
vindicate Methodism in an argument.  Neither did he have enough
tautness of conviction concerning certain terrible doctrines to meet
the emergency of her dogmatic needs.  And so she passed unshriven to
the mercies of a God who is doubtless sufficiently broad-minded to have
such baptisms properly attended to somewhere in Heaven.



But the dying are not the only ones who suffer most from the sickness
of their hopes.  There are men with beautiful souls born with little
devil seeds in them somewhere that grow like immoral perennials and
poison the goodness in them.  They are the people who backslide so
often, who repent so thoroughly, and who flourish like green bay trees
spiritually when they flourish at all.  They are usually regarded as
moral weaklings, and it is the fashion of saints to despise them.  This
is because some righteous people now, as in Christ's day, are the
meanest, narrowest-minded moral snobs the world can produce.  Many of
them are too mean even to afford the extravagance of a transgression.
And rarely, indeed, do you see one with courage enough to erect himself
again, morally, once he has fallen or been discovered as fallen.  But
among the backsliders of the class I have mentioned you will find the
bravest moral heroes of the spiritual world, men who have the courage
to repent and try again with an enthusiasm that is sublime in the face
of the lack of confidence expressed in them on all sides.  They are a
distinct class, and as we went on in the itinerancy I learned to call
them God's annuals.  And William never was more beautifully ordained or
inspired than when he was engaged in transplanting one of those out of
his sins again into the sweet soil of faith.  He had a holy gardener's
gift for it that was as naïve as it was industrious.

I recall one of these annuals on the Redwine Circuit.  He was a slim,
wild young fellow, with a kind of radiance about him; sometimes it was
of angels and sometimes of the devil, but he always had it--an
ineffable charm.  He was brown and blue-eyed, with a level look that
hero warriors have.  And that was his trouble.  He was made for
emergencies, not for the long, daily siege of life.  He was equally
capable of killing an enemy or of dying for a friend, but he could not
live for himself soberly and well for more than forty days at a time.
Still, he had a soul.  I never doubted it, though I have often doubted
if some of the ablest members in our church had them, and if they were
not wearing themselves out for a foolish anticipation if they expected
eternal life.

It is possible for a man to behave himself all the days of his life
without developing the spiritual sense.  I do not say that such people
have not got souls, but if they get to Heaven at all it will be in the
form of granitoid nuts, and the angels will have to crack them with a
Thor hammer before they can find the thing that they kept for a soul.

But Jack Stark, our Redwine annual, was too much the other way.  His
soul was not enough inside of him.  It was the wind in his boughs that
blows where it listeth.  Periodically, he went on a "spree"; it was his
effort to raise himself to the tenth power, because he had an instinct
for raising himself one way and another.  If, at the end of a week, he
did not appear at the parsonage door, sober, dejected and in a proper
mood for repentance, William went after him, plucked him up from
somewhere out of the depths and proceeded at once to transplant him
again in the right garden.

In all the years of his ministry I never knew him to lose hope in his
annuals.  He was always expecting them to become evergreens of glory.
In dealing with them he had a patience a little like the patience of
God, never reproaching them or threatening them with the time limits of
salvation in this world; no man ever had a sublimer skill in dealing
with the barren fig-tree elements in human nature.

Years after this time John Stark became Congressman from his district.
And William died in the belief that he also became a "total abstainer."
He probably was at the moment he told him so, but having studied the
nature of spiritual annuals I may be pardoned my doubts.  However, he
will have his nursery place in Heaven, if for no other purpose than to
furnish congenial employment to saints like William.

I have often wondered what would have happened if the prodigal son had
been a daughter.  Would the father have hurried out to meet her, put a
ring on her finger and killed the fatted calf?  I doubt it.  I doubt if
she would ever have come home at all, and if she had come the best he
could have done would have been to say: "Go, and sin no more."

But "go," you understand.  And all over the world you can see them,
these frailer prodigals, hurrying away to the lost places.

In a rotting cabin, in an old field five miles from Redwine, lived one
of them.  Once a week she walked fourteen miles to the nearest large
town to get plain sewing, and with this she supported herself and
child.  The field was her desert.  For eight years no respectable woman
had crossed it or spoken to her till the day William and I and the
red-headed horse arrived at her door.  She stood framed in it, a gaunt
figure hardened and browned and roughened out of all resemblance to the
softness of her sex; her clothes were rags, and her eyes like hot,
dammed fires in her withered face.  William sprang out of the buggy,
raised his hat and extended his hand.

"My wife and I have come to take dinner with you," he said.

"Not with me!  Oh, not with sech as me!" she murmured vaguely.  Then,
seeing me descend also, she ran forward to meet me, softly crying.

We stayed to dinner, a poor meal of corn hoecake, fried bacon and
sorghum, spread upon a pine table without a cloth.  But of all the food
I ever tasted that seemed to me the most nearly sanctified.  It was
with difficulty that we persuaded the lost Mary to sit down and partake
of it with us.  She was for standing behind our chairs and serving us.
After that she sat, a tragic figure, through every service at Redwine,
even creeping forward humbly to the communion.  She was not received,
however, in any of the homes of the people.  She might "go in
peace"--whatever peace her loneliness afforded--that the Scriptures
might be fulfilled, and that was all.  They would have none of her.
This was not so bad as it seemed.  She was free, indeed.  Having no
reputation to win or lose she could set herself to the simple business
of being good, and she did.  The time came when the field changed into
a garden and the cabin whitened and reddened beneath a mass of blooms.

But there was one man whom William could never lead when hope fell
forlorn and the way seemed suddenly rough and dark.  That was himself.
This is why I cannot get over grieving about him wherever he is.
Nothing that comes to him of light now can lighten those other days far
down the years when he lost his way and had no one to preach to him nor
lead him.  For the one tragedy that marked the course of our lives in
the itinerancy was not the poverty and hardships through which we
passed, it was the periodic backsliding of William.  This is a pathetic
secret that I never mentioned during his lifetime.  I did not even know
for many years that all Methodist preachers who are not hypocrites have
these recurrent down-sittings before the Lord when they become sorry
penguin saints with nerves.  It grows out of Nature's protest against
the stretched spiritual perpendicularity with which they live, never
relaxing their prayer tension on Heaven, rarely taking any normal
diversion, losing their life purchase upon the objective through too
much subjective thinking.  Ministers of other denominations are
probably not so often the victims of this reaction.

The symptoms of such attacks in William became as familiar to me as
those of measles or whooping-cough.  They were most apt to occur after
what may be called long spiritual exposures--a series of "revivals,"
for example.  He was taken with the first one, I remember, during a six
weeks' protracted meeting at one of his churches on the first circuit.
We were spending the night with a family in the usual one-room log
cabin.  We occupied the company bed while our host and hostess occupied
one in the opposite corner.  By this time I had become resigned to this
close-communion hospitality and must have slept soundly.  But some time
after midnight I was awakened by the deep groans of my husband.
Instantly I sat up in bed, and by the light of the moon through the
window I saw his face white and ghastly and covered with sweat as if he
were in mortal pain.  His eyes were yawning at the dark with no real
light in them.  And his mouth was drawn down into Jeremiah lines of woe
that are indescribable.

"William!  William!" I cried aloud.  "What is the matter?"

"Hush, Mary," in a tragic whisper, "don't awaken the Pratts.  I have
lost the witness of the Spirit.  I must close the meeting tomorrow,
just as the people are beginning to be interested.  But it would be
blasphemy to go on preaching, feeling as I do!"

"How do you feel?" I whispered, thoroughly terrified.

"As if God had forsaken me!"

I had been in it long enough to know that the "witness of the Spirit"
is the hero of the Methodist itinerancy, that a preacher without it is
as sounding brass and a tinkling cymbal, that he is in a rôle of a
great play which has been rejected by the "star."  I wiped the mourning
dew from William's brow, laid my face against his and wept in silent
sympathy.  I saw something worse than disgrace staring us in the
face--William deprived of his definition, William just a man like other
men.  I had come of a worldly-minded family who supported the church
and sustained a polite it somewhat distant relation to Heaven.
Religion was our relief like the Sabbath day, but it was never our
state of being.  And I was blandly of the earth earthly, but I suddenly
discovered that the chief fascination of William for me was that he was
not of the earth earthly, that his dust was distressed and stirred by
strange spiritual instincts very different from anything I had ever
known.  And probably nothing was further from the intention of
Providence when I was created than that I should become such a man's
wife.  But I had one enlightening qualification for the position.  I
loved William.  I was called to that as he had been called to the
ministry.  And now, as I laid my face against his as the rose lies
above the coffin lid, I was concerned only for William's peace.

"William," I challenged, "have you been doing wrong?  Something really
and truly wicked?"

"I must have," he replied with egregious sincerity, "but I thought I
had been observing all my obligations with particular care."

"Then it's all right," I said.  "God would not trifle with you about
the witness of His Spirit, especially at such a time as this!"

It was not often that I showed such boundless confidence in the Lord's
ways, and I was indeed far from feeling as familiar with them as I
pretended.  But the affectation comforted him and certainly it was no
injury to the Maker of the heavens and the earth.  William fell asleep
at once and awakened in the proper protracted-meeting frame of mind
next morning.

Many times afterward he experienced the same catastrophe, and these
have been the only occasions in my life when I have put on the whole
armor of God so that I might go forth properly to battle with the
powers and principalities of William's darkness.

I used to wonder a great deal in those days about "the witness of the
Spirit."  Before my marriage I had heard little of it.  I wanted to
know what it was, but I never prayed for it myself.  The thought
occurred to me that what William called the witness of the Spirit might
be the shoulder tap of his own spirit approving him now and then.  But
then came the deeper question, How did William come by his own spirit,
that part of him which was neither flesh, nor bone, nor blood, but
which had the power to make him sit up in the middle of the night to
pray, and to make him fast maybe all the next day?  At last I reached a
comforting conclusion.  That is one peculiarity of the human, he never
rests upon any other kind of conclusion.  What he thinks may be so, but
if it is not comforting he thinks further on into the daybreak of
Eternity till he gets something better, more satisfactory for his
needs.  This is why we shall always keep on finding God.  There is
something lacking in us to which God only answers.  The conclusion I
came to was this, that we are not all called to do the same things,
that William was called to preach and pray, and the witness of his
Spirit approved when he did it right.  And I was called to look after
William, to see that he did not pray too much or preach too long.  And
I always had that sweet inward glow which he called his witness when I
attended most carefully to his needs.  It may be a narrow way to look
at it, but you couldn't live with William in any peace of mind without
this witness of the Spirit.  It would have made him unhappy to live
with a person who couldn't claim it, and I've had mine these thirty
years without having to pray or to fast to get it--a tender eye in me
that regarded him and a heart that prayed for him.



This is the wonderful thing about the pure in heart--they do see God.
And that was William's distinction.  In spite of his own faults and of
ethical errors in some of his preaching, he outstripped all these and
did actually see God; and it made him different from other men who,
however wise, do not see God.  On this account I have no doubt that he
fumbled more souls into the Kingdom of Heaven than some of the most
popular tabernacle preachers of modern times.

Nevertheless, William had his worldly mind.  There was an ancient
Antaeus in him whose heel occasionally touched the strengthening earth,
and he was as unconscious of it as a baby is of its expression.  But,
once he entered his worldly mind, he became as naïvely unscrupulous as
any other man of the world.  Never, in all the years we lived together,
did he repent of these particular deeds done in the body.  He could be
brought to the very sackcloth and ashes for a supposititious sin that
he had not really committed; but no man could make him repent of a
horse trade, and I never knew but one who had the best of him in one.
In common with all circuit riders he had a passion for horses, and a
knowledge of them that would have made his fortune on the race track.
This brings me to relate an incident which will serve to indicate the
shrewdness and unscrupulousness of William once he took the spiritual
bit in his teeth.

We were on the Beaverdam Circuit, and he had bought a new horse--a
horse gifted with ungodly speed in the legs and a mettlesome,
race-track temperament.  On a certain Saturday, after services at
Beaverdam Church, we were returning home in a light buggy drawn by the
big, rawboned bay.  When we came to a long stretch of good road William
tightened the reins, took on a scandalous expression of Coliseum
delight and let the horse out.  Instantly the thin flanks of the
creature tautened, he laid his tail over the dashboard, stretched his
neck, flattened his ears and settled himself close to the ground in
action that showed sinful training.  William's expression developed
into one of ecstasy that was far from spiritual, and I had much ado to
keep my hat on.  Presently we heard the clatter of another horse's feet
behind us, and the next moment the bay was neck and neck with Charlie
Weaver's black mare.  Charlie was one of the younger goats in the
Beaverdam congregation, whose chief distinction was that he was an
outbreaking sinner and owned the fastest horse in the county.
Instantly William's whole nature changed; he was no more a minister
than the florid young man in the buggy that was whirling giddily beside
us.  He tightened his reins and touched the bay with his whip.  The
effect was miraculous; the horse leaped forward in a splendid burst of
speed, the mare showed signs of irritation and broke her gait, and the
two jockeys exchanged challenging glances.  At that moment we rounded a
curve in the road, and in the hot dust ahead there came to view a
heavy, old-fashioned rockaway drawn slowly by a pair of sunburned

"Oh, William," I gasped, "do stop!  That is the Brock carriage and this
is a horse race!"

Brother Brock was a rich Methodist steward who not only owned most of
the property in Beaverdam neighborhood, but the church as well.  He was
a sharp-faced man who gave you the impression that his immortal soul
had cat whiskers.  He fattened his tyrannical faculties upon the
meekness of the preacher and the helplessness of a congregation largely
dependent upon him to pay the pastor's salary and the church
assessments.  Any preacher who offended him was destined to be deprived
of his subscriptions.  Knowing this I took an anxious, economical view
of the old rockaway heaving forward in the road ahead and vainly
implored William to slacken his speed to a moral, ministerial gait.

In another moment it was over.  The mare crashed into the rockaway on
one side and the bay shattered the swingletree on the other with the
forewheel of our buggy.  The old plow-horses plunged feebly, then
lowered their heads in native dejection, while the Brocks shrieked,
root and branch.  Never have I seen such a look of feline ferocity upon
the human countenance as when Brother Brock scrambled down from his
seat into the road and, with his mouse-catching eyes, added William
Asbury Thompson, preacher, to Charles Jason Weaver, loafer, drunkard
and horse racer, and placed the sum of them on the blackboard of his
outer darkness.  I sat in the buggy, holding the reins over the
trembling, wild-eyed bay, while William descended and, with great
dignity, tied up the disabled swingletree.  There was not the slightest
evidence of moral repentance in his manner, although he expressed a
polite, man-of-the-world regret at the accident.

When Brother Brock resumed his place on the driver's seat and Sister
Brock had ascended to hers with the cacklings of a hen who had been
rudely snatched from her nest, and all the medium-sized and little
Brocks were safely bestowed beside her, we drove on at a funeral's pace
behind them.  The bay was grossly insulted, but it was the only mark of
humility left within our reach.

Three days later the Presiding Elder appeared at the parsonage door.
He was a big man, riding a handsome gray horse and wearing a look of
executive severity.  I trembled with apprehension, for we had heard, of
course, that Brother Brock had written to him preferring charges
against William for horse racing.  But now I had an astonishing and
unexpected view of William's character.  His worldly mood was still
upon him, his Antaeus heel still upon the earth.  He hurried out to
meet Doctor Betterled, the elder, and, having thrown the saddlebags of
his guest across his shoulder, stood apparently transfixed with
admiration before the gray horse.

"I'd almost be willing to swap my bay for him!" I heard him say.

"Let's see the bay," replied Doctor Betterled guardedly.

Five minutes later, peeping through the kitchen window, I saw the
mettlesome bay standing beside the big-headed, thick-necked gray, and
the two men, each with one foot planted far forward after the manner of
traders, facing one another with concert eloquence concerning the
respective merits of the two animals.  Presently they entered the house
together, Doctor Betterled evidently in a cheerful frame of mind and
William wearing his chastened look.

Late in the afternoon, when our guest rode away, he was mounted on the
bay; but he had not mentioned the horse race of the previous Saturday.
William stood, the genial host, bareheaded at the gate till the rider's
back was turned; then he came into the house, dropped into a chair at
the open window and fixed his eyes, with a deep frown above them, upon
the gray horse asleep in his dotage under the apple tree in the

"That horse has three windgalls, he is swinneyed in both shoulders, and
I think he has a gravel in one of his forefeet!" he remarked in a tone
of deep dejection.

I laughed and felt more nearly kin to him morally than I had ever felt
before.  There was a squint-eyed shrewdness in the way he involved and
disposed of the Presiding Elder that was wittily familiar to me, and
all the more diverting because William never suspected the
Machiavellian character of his conduct.  He kept his eye on God, as
usual, letting not his soul's right hand know what his left one was

But, going back to Brother Brock and the subject of Methodist stewards
in general.  The preacher soon discovers that the rich ones are the
most obstreperous.  And besides the good ones, the rich, obstreperous
ones are divided into two classes.  The first class consists of those
who threaten to resign if everything is not done according to their
desires, which they hide and compel you to find out the best way you
can.  Occasionally a preacher gets into a community where everybody in
the church--from the janitor to the steward and treasurer--has this
mania for threatening to resign.

I shall never forget William's first experience with such a church.  It
was in a little village where human interest consisted in everybody
hating, suspecting or despising everyone else.  He went about like a
damned soul, trying to restore peace and brotherly love.  But they
would have none of either.  Each steward approached him privately and
tendered his resignation, giving reasons that reflected upon the
character of some other steward.  Then the organist tendered her
resignation because the Sunday-school superintendent had reflected upon
her playing, and she retaliated by reflecting upon his unmarried
morals.  When the superintendent heard of her complaint and withdrawal
he at once sent in his resignation, because he did not wish to cause
contention in the church.

William afterward discovered that they treated every new preacher the
same way, taking advantage of the opportunity to damage each other as
much as possible and to try his faith to the limit.  But the delightful
thing about William was that where his patience and faith gave out his
natural human blood began to boil, and when that started he could
preach some of the finest, fiercest, most truthful Gospel I have ever
heard from any preacher.  So it happened in this church.

When he was in certain spiritual--or, to be more precise,
unspiritual--moods he refused to shave, but wore the stubble on his
chin, either by way of mourning or defiance, as the case might be.  On
this Sabbath he presented a ferocious chin to the congregation, after
having waited patiently for all of the resigners to take their
respective prominent places in it.  He preached a short sermon with the
air of a plagued, unkempt angel; then he took up the resignations and
read them out exactly as he read the church letters of new members,
accepting each one and giving the reasons why.  It was the most
sensational service ever held in that church.  In the first place, to
accept their resignations was an unprecedented proceeding and the last
thing they had expected him to do.  The custom had been for the
preacher to persuade them to keep their offices, which they had done
from year to year with an air of proud reluctance.  But the sensation
was when he stated, literally, what each had said of the other--calling
no names, of course--and saying that he was glad that these sinners had
had the humility to give up positions of trust and honor in the church
which they were evidently unfit to fill.  He hoped before the end of
the year they would be restored spiritually and worthy to perform the
services they had formerly performed.  Meanwhile, there was nothing
left for him to do but to appoint a committee of sinners to attend to
the stewards' duties until these should be reclaimed from their
backslidden state.  He named half a dozen young men who roosted on the
back benches after the manner of happy, young lost souls, and I do not
know whether it was astonishment or mischief that led them to accept
with such alacrity the obligations imposed upon them.  But William has
always claimed since that they were the most active and effective
stewards he ever had, that it was the first year he had ever received
his salary in full, and the congregation was thoroughly cured of the
resignation habit.

The second class of obstreperous stewards is easier to manage.  The
quality of their perversity is exactly that of the mule's.  William
never had to move a church, get a new roof on one or an organ for it,
or even a communion table, that some well-to-do steward did not lie
back in the traces, back his official ears and begin to balk and kick
mule fashion.  Often they were good men in every other particular, but
they were simply queer reversions to type--which indicates that at one
time, not so far back in the history of evolution, all men were mules.

The only way to manage them is to wait till they change their minds,
just as the driver must wait upon his stubborn donkey.  For you can
never move one by reason or by threats.  He would die and go to the
wrong place rather than give up his point.  This is why you will see
some churches going to rack, antiquated and out of touch with the life
about them.  Look inside and you will find some old mule steward
stalled in the amen corner, with his ears laid back at the pulpit or at
the other stewards.

I pass, without giving details, over several years; they were much like
these first ones.  I soon learned, however, that life in the Methodist
Church was all uphill or downhill at a smart spiritual canter.  In
these days it is nearly as easy to be a Methodist as it is to be an

One rarely sees now the hallelujah end of a human emotion in a
Methodist church.  Recently, when an old-fashioned saint gave way and
scandalized the preacher by shouting in one of our fashionable city
churches, the stewards took her out, put her in an ambulance and sent
her to the hospital.  And I am not saying that the dear old soul didn't
need a few drops of aromatic spirits of ammonia; but if every man who
shouts at a political rally were sent to the hospital for treatment the
real sick would be obliged to move out to give them room.  As for me, I
contend that a little shouting is good for the soul; it is the human
hysteria of a very high form of happiness, more edifying to unhappy
sinners than the refrigerated manners of some modern saints.

Anyhow, I say there were no level grounds in Methodist experience in
William's and my early days in the itinerancy.  No matter how young or
old or respectable they might be, those received into membership were
expected to show signs of awful conviction for sin, to repent
definitely--preferably in solemn abasement at the church altar--and to
experience a sky-blue conversion.  There were no such things as we see
now--boys and girls simply graduating into church membership from the
Sunday-school senior or junior class.  I am not saying it is wrong, you
understand; on the contrary, it would be much better for the church if
it did more spiritual hospital work among the kind of people who are
too bad even to go to Sunday-school.  I think they all ought to be
taken into the church and kept there till they get well spiritually and
decent morally.  Then they might be discharged as other cured people
are, to go back into the world to do the world's work properly instead
of improperly.

As it is, one trouble with all the churches is that they have too many
incurable saints in them, men and women who pray too much and do too
little, who cannot forget their own selfish salvation enough to look
after other people's without feeling their own spiritual pulse all the
time they are doing it.  Of late I've sometimes suspected that it is
nearly as debilitating to stay in the church all the time as it would
be to stay in a hospital all the time.

But I am telling now how things were twenty-five and thirty years ago.
After conversion an honest Methodist's life was divided into two
parts--the seasons when he was "in grace" and the seasons when he was
out of it.  Naturally, the preacher had his hands full looking after
such members instead of having his hands full, as he does now,
attending committee meetings and mission classes and what not, for the
ethical uplifting of the native poor and the foreign heathen.  For, if
old Brother Settles, of Raburn Gap Church, was up and coming, resisting
temptation and growing like Jonah's gourd spiritually, apt as not young
Brother Jimmy Trotter, of Bee Creek Church, had backslid and gone on a

There was never a night when William's family-prayer instinct did not
include both of them with equal anxiety, and often he would reach back
into past circuits for some especially dear sinner and remind the Lord
to have mercy on him also, while He was at His mercies.  He could
forget the saints he had known, easy enough, but he clung year after
year to the sinners he had found, name by name.

If the redeemed really do wear crowns in Heaven, with jewels in them to
represent the souls they have helped to save, I know William's will not
look very handsome.  There will be no flashing diamonds or emeralds in
it, but he will have it set with very common stones to symbolize the
kind of souls that were most dear to him.  There will be a dull jade
for the young country woman that he brought back home from the city and
saved from a life of sin, and, maybe, a bit of red glass for Sammy
Peters, the young man with whom he was wont to go through such orgies
of repentance on account of Sammy's many scandalous transgressions.
And he will have a piece of granite beaten down into fine gold for the
old man who repented before it was too late.  And I reckon he will be
sitting somewhere upon the dimmer outskirts of Paradise most of the
time, with grandly-folded wings, holding the thing in his hands instead
of wearing it on his head; and he will be recalling those for whom the
stones stand, with a tender homesickness for them.  For even in Heaven
he will be lonely without them, his dear, straying sheep.

Always the people we served were poor, and, of course, we were a trifle
poorer.  The circuit rider is not only a priest to his people, but he
is a good deal of a mendicant besides.  William rarely returned from an
appointment or from visiting among his flock that he did not bring with
him some largess of their kindness.  This made pastoral visiting an
amiable form of foraging and had its effect on character.  We were
continually struggling against the beggar instinct that is dormant in
every hopelessly poor man.  We were tempted within and without.
Sometimes we could not live on the salary paid, neither could we refuse
the gifts offered without giving offense.  If it was winter he would
come back with the pockets of his great-coat stuffed with sausage, or
there would be a tray of backbone, souse and spareribs under the buggy
seat.  If it was summer the wide back would be filled with fruit.  One
old lady on the Raburn Gap Circuit, famous for her stinginess, never
varied her gift with the seasons.  It was always dried peaches with the
skins on them.  But, as a rule, we received the very best they had to
give, and with a fragrant openheartedness that sweetens memory.  This
is the glory of the itinerancy: if the preacher sees the worst of the
people, knows their faults and weaknesses better than any other man, he
also knows their virtues better.

Once, when we were far up in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains,
where the people had no money at all except that which they received
for a few loads of tanbark and with which they paid their taxes, we
came to desperate straits.  Now, it so happened that year that the
women in a rich city church sent out Christmas boxes containing
clothing and other necessities.  We were fortunate enough to receive
one of these, and I flourished forth in singularly fashionable garments
for a season, while William made a splendid appearance in the cast-off
dinner suit of a certain rich but wicked Congressman.  The swaggering
cut of the coat, however, gave almost a sacrilegious grace to his
gestures in the pulpit.



On this circuit, in a house nearly as open as a barn, on a freezing
winter night, our baby was born.  The gaunt, dark room, the roaring
fire upon the wide hearth, the ugly little kettle of herb tea steaming
on the live coals, and the old mountain midwife, bending with her
hideous scroll face over me, are all a part of the memory of an
immortal pain.  At the end of a dreadful day she had turned with some
contempt from the fine lady on the bed, who could not give birth to her
child, and said simply, as if with the saying she washed her hands of
the whole matter:

"She ain't doin' right.  I reckon somethin' is wrong."

William had ridden forth in the driving storm of snow and ice for the
doctor, who lived ten miles distant across the mountain.  And then the
hours came and sat around the awful bed and would not pass, nor let
even midnight come.  Now and again the old scroll face peeped down at
me with an expression of extreme terror.  The firelight made a red mist
over the dark walls and the steam of the herbs filled my nostrils with
a sickening odor.

At last there was an end of endurance; the hours lifted their leaden
wings and hurried away; the old midwife changed to a dragon-faced
butterfly, and I knew no more till the dawn and the snow spread a pale
light over the world outside.  Within, the fires still blazed, but the
herb kettle was gone and the ring of ghosts coals lay whitening in
their ashes where it spouted and steamed; the old hag sat asleep in the
chimney corner, with her hands hanging down, her head thrown back, and
her warped mouth gaping wide at the rafters above.  Over a little table
by the door a fine white tablecloth was spread.  I wondered at it dimly
and what it concealed.  I felt William's shaggy head bowed upon the bed
and a peace in my body akin to the peace of death.  Laboriously my eyes
traveled back to the fine white cloth over the table.  I knew all about
it, but could not remember.  Only, nothing in the world mattered to me
but that, whatever it was, under the cloth on the table.  Presently,
soft as a shade returns, it came to me, and I knew the little shape,
barely curving the cloth, was my baby.  Grief was an emotion I had not
the strength to afford.  I closed my eyes and felt tears press through
the lids, and then a gruff voice sounded close to me on the other side
of the bed.

"Thank God!"

Opening my eyes again with a great effort and looking up I beheld him,
the old, burly country doctor bending above me, with his warm fingers
on my wrist.  But now a great emergency confronted me.  My guardian
angel, who has never ceased to be very high-church, urged me to meet it.

"William, William," I whispered, and felt his kiss answer me, "he must
be baptized!"

"But he is dead, my darling!" he replied.

"Not really dead, William; he must be alive somewhere or I cannot bear
it, and I cannot have him going where he will be, unbaptized."

So it was done, the doctor, the old woman and William standing around
the little bier, and William saying the holy words himself.  And there,
high up on the mountain under the very eave of Heaven, swinging deep in
his brown cradle of earth, the mother angels will find him, the little
itinerant, with his dust properly baptized, when they come on the last
day to awaken and gather up those very least babies who died so soon
they will not understand the resurrection call when they hear it.

After that we took more interest in the children.  They seemed real to
us and nearer, whereas, before, they had simply passed in and out
before us like little irresponsible figureheads of the future, with
whom some other preacher would contend later.  We never asked why it
was that they were invariably the first to come to the altar when
invitations were extended to sinners during revival season.  But it was
curious, the way the innocent little things invariably hived there, no
matter how awful and accusing the invitation would be--to those "dead
in trespasses and sins, who felt themselves lost and undone."

So we began to be aware of the children as of strange young misguided
angels in our midst, and it was a rigid test of the genuineness of
William's character that they loved him.  Whenever I have seen a
particularly good person whom children avoided I have always known that
there was something rancid about his piety, something cankered in his
mercy-seat faculties.  They are not higher critics, children are not,
but they are infallible natural critics.

This brings me to tell of some of William's heavenly-mindedness in
dealing with them.  We were on a mountain circuit, the parsonage was in
a little village, but there was no Sunday School there, nor in any of
his churches.  The people were poor and listless.  The children knew
nothing of happy anticipations, and, as is so often the case with the
very poor, they sustained only the inevitable natural relations to
their elders.  There were no tender intimacies.  They were really as
wild as young rabbits.  If we met one in the road by chance and he did
not take literally to his heels, we could see him running in his
spirit.  We discovered that none of them had ever even heard of Santa
Claus, although most of them confessed to a reluctant biblical
acquaintance with Adam and Eve.

The thought of little children passing through the Christmas season
without some kind of confectionery faith in the old Saint took hold of
William's bereaved paternal instinct.  He did not mind their being
bare-footed in the cold winter weather, but to be so desolate of faith
as never to have hoped even in Santa Claus moved him to desperation.  A
week before Christmas he visited more than a score of families and
carried the news with him to every child he could find in the mountains
that there was a Santa Claus, and that Santa had discovered them and
would surely bring something to them if they hung up their stockings.
He enlarged, out of all proportion to his financial capacity, upon the
generosity of the coming Saint.  But when you have never had anything
good in your stocking, it is hard to conceive of it in advance; so the
children received his confidences with apathy and silence.

Never, even at the end of a conference year, have I seen William so
industrious and so much the mendicant.  He persecuted the merchants in
the village for gifts for his children.  He had old women, who had not
thought a frivolous thought in fifty years, teetering over dressing
doll babies.  He shamed the stingiest man in the town into giving him a
flour sack full of the most disgraceful-looking candy I ever saw.

"William!" I exclaimed, when he brought home this last trophy, "you
will kill them."

"But," he replied, "for one little hour they will be happy and the next
time I tell them anything, though it should be compound Scriptures,
they will believe me."

The distribution of gifts was made very secretly some days beforehand.
We climbed mountain roads to little brown cabins in all directions,
leaving mysterious bags and parcels with lonesome-looking mother-women.
In one cabin, on top of what was known as Crow's Mountain, we found a
very handsome healthy boy, four months old, clad in a stocking leg and
the sleeve of an old coat, that had been cunningly cut and sewed to fit
him as close as a squirrel's skin.  In another place William discovered
a boy of seven, who declined to believe or even to hope in Santa Clans.
He was thin, with sad, hungry eyes, ragged and bare-footed as usual.
He had no animation, he simply could not summon enough energy to
believe in the incredible.

I shall never forget this child's face.  The Sabbath after Christmas we
had a voluntary Sunday school on our hands.  A score of odd-looking
little boy and girl caterpillars appeared at church, excited,
mysteriously curious, like queer young creatures who have experienced a
miracle.  They entered immediately into full fellowship with William.
They loved him with a kind of wide-eyed stolidity that would have tried
the nerves of some people.  They were prepared to believe anything he
said to the uttermost.  Only once was there any symptom of higher
criticism.  This was a certain Sabbath morning in the Sunday school
when William told the story of the forty and two children who were
devoured by two she bears because they had made fun of a bald-headed

"I don't believe that tale!" was the astounding irreverent comment.  It
proceeded from the same incipient agnostic who could not believe in
Santa Clans.

"Why?" William was indiscreet enough to ask.

"Because if only two bears had eat that many children it would have
busted 'em wide open."

No one smiled.  William faced five little grimy-faced boys on the bench
before him, showing wide unblinking eyes turned up in coldly rational
interrogative stares, with a figuratively bulging she-bear in the
retina of each, and it was too much for him.

"We will pass on to the next verse," he announced, leaving the
bear-expositor mystified, but in stubborn possession of his convictions.

Sometimes in these latter years, when things went hard with us, there
would come a flash of memory and William and I would see the face of
some child always as if the sun was shining on it, looking at us,
believing in us from far down the years.  And it has helped, often more
than the recollection of older, wiser saints.  Our experience was that
the faces of the children we had known lasted better in memory than
those of older people.  And they always look right, as if God had just
made them.

It was always nip and tuck, in the records of William's ministry,
whether he would perform more marriage ceremonies or preach more
funerals.  Some years the weddings would have it.  Then again, the dead
got the better of it.  As a rule, the poorer the people we served the
more weddings we helped to celebrate, and if the heroes and heroines of
them did not live happy ever after, at least they lived together.

There is no hour of the day or night that William has not sanctified
with somebody's marriage vows.  Once, about two o'clock in the morning,
there was a furious rap at the door of the parsonage.  William stuck
his head out of the window overhead and beheld a red-faced young farmer
standing in the moonlight, holding the hand of his sweetheart, who was
looking up at him with the expression that a white rose wears in a

"Come down and tie us, Parson," called the groom.  "You ain't got time
to dress.  They air after us hot-footed."

William slipped on his longtailed coat over his pajamas, hurried
downstairs and married them there in the moonlight, after having
examined the license the young man handed in through the parlor window.
And he looked well enough from the sill up, but from the sill down I
doubt if his costume would have passed muster.

Fortunately, no one thought of divorces in those days.  Women stayed
with their husbands at the sacrifice of self-respect and everything
else save honor.  And they were better women, more respected than those
who kick up so much divorce dust in society nowadays.  Part of their
dissatisfaction comes from bad temper and bad training, and a good deal
of it comes from getting foolish notions out of books about the way
husbands do or do not love their wives.  It seems they can't be
satisfied how they do it or how they don't do it.  But back there
William and I never had any biological suspicions about the nature of
love, and the people he married to one another did not have any, either.

Once I remember a bridegroom who blushingly confessed that he was too
poor to pay the fee usually offered the preacher.

"But I'll pay you, Parson," he whispered as he swung his bride up
behind him upon his horse; "I'll pay as soon as I'm able."

[Illustration: "I'll Pay You, Parson.  I'll Pay as Soon as I'm Able."]

Ten years passed and William was sent back to the same circuit.  One
day, as he was on his way to an appointment, he met a man and woman in
a buggy.  The woman had a baby at her breast, and the bottom of the
buggy looked like a human birdnest, it was so full of young, tow-headed

"Hold on!" said the man, pulling up his horse; "ain't this Brother


"Well, here's ten dollars I owe you."

"What for?" demanded William, holding back from the extended hand with
the fluttering bill in it.

"You don't remember it, I reckon, but you married us ten years ago.  I
was so poor at the time I couldn't pay you for the greatest service one
man ever done another.  We ain't prospered since in nothing except
babies, or I'd be handin' you a hundred instead of ten."

I have never heard a man compliment his wife since then that I do not
instinctively compare it with the compliment this mountain farmer paid
his wife that day.  I never hear the love of a man for his wife
misnamed by the new disillusioned thinkers of our times that I do not
recall the charming testimony of this husband against the injustice and
indecency of their views.



So far, the circuit rider has been the hero of these letters, but in
this one his wife shall be the heroine, behind the throne at least, for
scarcely any other woman looks or feels less like one in the open.

The Methodist ministry is singularly devastating in some ways upon the
women who are connected with it by marriage.  For one thing, it tends
to destroy their aesthetic sensibilities.  They lack very often the
good taste of thrift in poverty, not so much because of the poverty,
but because they never get settled long enough to develop the
hen-nesting instinct and house pride that is dormant in us all.  They
simply make a shift of things till the next conference meets, when they
will be moved to another parsonage.

A woman has not the heart to plant annuals, much less perennials, under
such circumstances.  Let the Parsonage Aid Society do it, if it must be
done.  And the Parsonage Aid Society does do it.  You will see in many
Methodist preachers' front yards fiercely-thorny, old-lady-faced
roses--the kind that thrive without attention--planted always by the
president of the Parsonage Aid Society.  And it may be there will be a
syringa bush in the background, not that the Parsonage Aid Society is
partial to this flower, but because it is not easily killed by neglect.
They choose the hardiest, ugliest known shrubs for the parsonage yard
because they last best.

On every circuit, in every charge, you will find the Parsonage Aid
Society a band of faithful, fretted, good housekeepers who worry and
wrangle over furnishing the parsonage as they worried and wrangled when
they were little girls over their communistic "playhouses."  The
effects in the parsonage are not harmonious, of course.  As a rule,
every piece of furniture in it contradicts every other piece, each
having been contributed by rival women or rival committees in the

And this has its deadening effect upon the preacher's wife's taste,
else she must go mad, living in a house where, say, there is a strip of
worn church-aisle carpet down the hall--bought at a bargain by the
thrifty Aid Society--a cherry-colored folding bed in the parlor along
with a "golden oak" table, a home-made bookcase, four different kinds
of chairs, a patent-medicine calendar on the wall and a rag carpet on
the floor, with a "flowered" washbowl and pitcher on a plain deal table
in the corner, confessing that, after all, it is not a parlor, but the
presiding elder's bedroom when he comes to hold "quarterly meeting."
Still, if I had anything to do with the new-monument-raising business
in this country I would have a colossal statue raised to the living
women of the Methodist Parsonage Aid Societies.

But the worst effect of the itinerancy upon its ministers' wives is the
evil information they must receive in it about other people.  If I had
to select the woman in all the world best informed about the faults,
sins and weaknesses of mankind, I should not choose the sophisticated
woman of the world, but I should point without hesitation to the
little, pale, still-faced Methodist preacher's wife.  The pallor is the
pallor of hardship, often of the lack of the right kind of nourishment,
but the stillness is not the result of inward personal calm and peace.
It is the shut-door face of a woman who knows all about everybody she
meets with that thin little smile and quiet eye.  The reason for this
is that the preacher's wife is the vat for receiving all the circuit
scandal actually intended for her husband's ears.

The most conscienceless gossips in this world are to be found always
among the thoroughly-upright, meanly-impeccable members of any and
every church.  They are the Scribes and Pharisees who contribute most
to the building of fine houses of worship; they give most to its
causes.  They are the "right hands" of all the preachers from their
youth up.  They have never been truthful sinners.  They were the pale,
pious little boys and girls who behaved, and who graduated from the
Sunday schools long ago without ever being converted to the church.
And there you see them, the fat, duty-doing, self-satisfied "firsts" in
this world, who shall be last and least in the world to come.  Those
least inclined to tattle about their neighbors, I found, were poor,
pathetic sinners with damaged reputations, who could not afford to talk
about others.  They belonged humbly to the church, but never figured
loudly in it.  And if God is God, as I do firmly believe in spite of
all I have heard to the contrary, there will be something "doing" in
Heaven when these saint-pecked sinners are all herded in.  They will
wear the holy seal of His tender forgiveness through all eternity and
get most of the high offices in Paradise, just as a matter of simple

What I have suffered morally from them cannot be put into words.
Within a week of our arrival on a new work one of them would be sure to
call.  There was Sister Weekly, for example, on the Gourdville Circuit,
and the parsonage here was in the little village of Gourdville.
William was out making his first pastoral visits when there came a
gentle knock at the door.  I untied my kitchen apron, smoothed my hair,
sighed--for I knew from past experience it would be the church's arch
gossip--and opened the door.  A round old lady tied up in a sanctified
black widow's bonnet stood on the step.

"I am Mrs. Weekly," she explained, "and I reckon you are Sister
Thompson, the new preacher's wife.  Both my sons are stewards.  And I
thought I'd come over and get acquainted and give you a few p'inters.
It's so hard for a stranger in a strange place to know which is which."

"I am glad to see you.  Won't you come in?" I said pleasantly.

She settled herself in the rocker before the fire in our "front room,"
looked down at the rug and exclaimed:

"My! ain't this rug greasy!  Our last pastor's wife was a dreadful
careless housekeeper."

She had a white, seamless face, sad, prayerful blue eyes too large for
the sockets, a little piquant nose that she had somehow managed to
bring along with her unchanged from a frivolous girlhood, and a quaint
old hymnal mouth.  Looking up from the rug she took on an expression of
pure and undefiled piety and began in the strident, cackling tones of
an egg-laying hen:

"Your husband's goin' to have an awful hard time here, Sister Thompson.
The church is split wide open about the organ.  Old man Walker wants it
on the right-hand side of the pulpit, and my sons have put it on the
left-hand side, where the light is good and the choir can see the music
better.  It ain't decent, the way Walker makes himself prominent in the
church, nohow.  They say he killed a man in Virginia before he came
here.  I might as well tell you, for you are bound to hear it anyhow.
My sons say they are going to pull out and go to the Presbyterian
church if Walker don't quit carryin' on so about the organ.  Their
father was Presbyterian, and I wouldn't be surprised if it cropped out
in them.  But it'll be bad for our church if they do.  They pay half of
the preacher's salary, and Walker scarcely pays at all.  Seems to me he
ought to keep his mouth shut.  And Richard Brown has took the homestead
law to keep from paying his debts.  Now maybe he'll drop behind in his
subscription, too.  He was a right smart help in the church, though I
never thought much of him morally.  They say he drinks and cusses both
when he goes off to Augusta.  And it's a plumb shame that his wife's
president of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society.  She's all right
now, I reckon, but folks 'talked' about her when she was a girl."  She
paused to get her second wind, folded her hands as if in prayer, turned
her divine old eyes up to the ceiling and continued:

"But the Epworth League is the worst.  I've always had my doubts about
it.  'T won't do to git too many young folks together in a bunch.  I
don't care how religious they are, they'll just bust up and turn
natural if you git too many of 'em together.  That's what's happened
here.  The Epworth League kept on flourishin' so, we didn't understand
it.  It met every Saturday night as prayerful and punctual as clocks.
But as soon as the old folks left they shet the doors, and then they'd
dance like sin--been doing it for months before anybody found out.  Oh!
I'll tell you everything is on the downward road in this church, and
your husband is going to have his hands full even if he don't starve to

Every preacher's wife is the victim of such women.  If she is
supernaturally wise she does not handicap her husband by repeating
their gossip to him.  Personally, I prayed more earnestly to be
delivered from this particular temptation than from any other.  But
never once was the Lord able to do it.  Sooner or later I invariably
told William every word of scandal I heard.

He never served but one church where the people in it did not "talk"
about one another.  I will call the place Celestial Bells, although
that is not the real name of it.

The congregation was a small one, composed of well-bred, worldly-minded
folk.  They all danced a little, went to the theater often, wore golden
ornaments and otherwise perjured themselves in the light of the
membership vows in our Church Discipline.  What I wonder is, will the
good, patient God--who knows that since the days of David we have had
dancing dust in us, who has Himself endowed us so abundantly with the
dramatic instinct, who even hid His gold about with which we bedeck and
enrich ourselves--will He, I say, damn those honest, world-loving,
church-giving people most, or will He take it out of the religious
topknots of the church who tempted them with these "Rules" in the

Poor William had a scandalous time at that place readjusting his moral
focus so that it would rest upon his people.  Sister C and Sister Z
were admirable wives and mothers.  He had never had more intelligently
helpful women in his congregation.  That is to say, they were patiently
faithful in their attendance upon its services, they professed often to
be "benefited" by his sermons, they brought up their children in a new
kind of nurture and admonition of the Lord; but if he went to pay them
a pastoral call and have prayers with them, apt as not he would find
that they had gone to take the children to the matinee.  And Brother A
and Brother I were the best stewards he ever had, but they would do
anything from wearing a tuxedo to going to a circus.  I can never
forget Brother I's prayers.  Although he was modest and retiring to the
point of shyness he was one of the few members in the church at
Celestial Bells who could be depended upon to lead in prayer.  This was
frequently William's experience.  Oftener than not the brother who
could slap him on the back or sing a bass in the choir that made the
chandeliers rattle would turn pale and fall into a panic if he was
called on to pray.  Somehow one got the notion that he felt his voice
would not carry in that direction.  But Brother I could open his heart
at once in prayer, and do it so naturally every one of us felt that we
were ourselves uttering the same prayer.  He never ornamented his
petitions with any high sounding phrases.  He was not so much a man
carrying on in a loud voice before his Maker as he was a little boy
with a sore toe and troubles appertaining to his littleness and
inexperience, and faults and forgetfulness, all of which he let out
with the emotion of a child to his father, and with such reality of
detail that the whole congregation accompanied him with his
lamentations and regrets.  Whenever I lifted my head after one of
Brother I's prayers, I felt better, like a child who has taken some
great Elder Person into its confidence.

While I am on this subject of prayer, I must not forget an incident
connected with Brother A.  He was the most belligerent looking peaceful
man I ever saw.  His brows were black and so thick they amounted to
whiskers above his large pale blue eyes.  He wore a military moustache
of the same color and preferred to talk through his teeth.  And aside
from being very prosperous and a good friend, his distinction was that
he knew how to _do_ the will of his Father with as much directness and
dispatch as if it had been an ordinary business proposition.  If
William wanted the church moved off a side street in a hollow, he was
the man who could drag it a quarter of a mile and set it on a hill,
yoked up, of course, with as many other stewards as he could get.  If
there was anything to be done he could do it, and in the right spirit.
But he was one of God's dumb saints.  He had faith and he had works,
but he couldn't pray, that is, not in public.  This led to the incident
to which I have already referred.

We had just come to Celestial Bells, and seeing Brother A so active,
like a pillar of cloud and fire, in the church, we did not suspect his
other-world muteness.  William was closing his first Sunday night
service.  The congregation was large and in the front midst of it sat
Brother A.  Immediately behind him sat Brother B, a fluent and
enthusiastic steward.  I was in the Amen Corner as usual, because it is
only from this vantage ground that a preacher's wife can keep her eye
properly upon his congregation and be able to estimate the causes and
effects of his discourse.  I have sometimes suspected, indeed, that
better saints occupy this Amen Corner for a less excusable curiosity
about the doings in the congregation.  William closed the hymn-book,
looked out over the blur of faces before him, and said:

"Brother A will lead us in prayer."

If he had suddenly struck a short circuit and let loose a flash of
electricity in the house the shock would not have been more
perceptible.  Everybody knew that Brother A could not lead in prayer,
except William, who was already on his knees with closed eyes and the
Patmos look on his blind face.  Every head was bowed except those of
Brother A and Brother B.  They were whispering over the back of the
bench that separated them.  The sweat was standing out on Brother A's
forehead, his brows bristled with horror, while Brother B smiled calmly
at him.

"Go on, B! you know I can't pray in public!" I heard him say.

"He didn't ask me, he called on you," retorted Brother B.

Thus they had it back and forth for more than a minute.  Then William
groaned, which added the one touch that rendered Brother A frantic.
Casting a ferociously damaging look at Brother B, he nudged the lady
sitting beside him and whispered:

"Lead this prayer, madam, I can't!"

And she led it in a sweet high treble that must have surprised William
and even the angels in Heaven, if they were expecting to hear the
petition in the ordinary masculine bass which is usually characteristic
of such petitions.

But I was going to tell how disconcerting it was to William to serve
people who were apparently religious and worldly-minded at the same
time.  He could not reconcile this kind of diphthong living with his
notions of piety.  At least their sins lay heavily on his conscience.

One Sabbath morning in June he entered the pulpit in a Sinai mood,
determined to read the Church Rules and to apply them severely.  He
began by selecting a condemnatory Psalm, took his text simply as a
threat from Jeremiah in one of his bad moods, and after a severe hymn
and a mournful Rachel prayer he arose, folded his spectacles and fixed
his eyes burningly upon the innocent faces of his congregation, which
had a "What have we done?" expression on them that would have moved an
angel to impatience.

"Brethren and sisters," he said after a frightful spiritual pause, "it
is my duty this morning to call you back out of the far country into
which you have gone, to your Father's house.  I blame myself for your
dreadful condition.  I have not had the courage to tell you of your
faults as a preacher should tell his people when he sees them wandering
in the forbidden paths of worldliness and sin.  I have not been a
faithful shepherd to you, and doubtless the Lord will lay your sins
upon my head.  But this morning I am resolved to do my duty by you, no
matter what it costs."

The congregation took on the expression of a child about to be laid
across the parent's knee.  But when he opened the Discipline and
proceeded to read the Rules, following each with solemn, almost
personal applications to conditions under his very nose, in his own
church, their countenances underwent a lightning change of almost happy
relief.  Never can I forget the naïve sweetness with which those people
turned up their untroubled eyes to William and received his thundering
exhortations.  They seemed proud of his courage--for, indeed, he nearly
broke his heart condemning them--and at the same time they seemed to be
bearing with him as they would bear with the vagaries of a good and
loving old father.

Sister C and Sister Z sat near the front, surrounded by their
respective cherubim broods, looking up at him with tender humorous
eyes.  The children, indeed, felt something alien to peace in the
atmosphere.  They regarded him fearfully, then turned meek, inquisitive
faces to their mothers; but those two extraordinary women never blinked
or blushed from start to finish, although they were deeply dyed with
all the guilt William mentioned.  The one person present who received
the discourse with almost vindictive signs of indorsement was Brother
Billy Smithers, a man who had lived an exasperatingly regular life in
the church for more than forty years.  He sent up Amens fervid with the
heat of his furious spirit at the end of each charge and condemnation.



I do not know if I make you understand that all this time the years
were passing--five, ten, fifteen, twenty--and in them we went together
up and down and around our little world, William offering his Lord's
salvation without any wisdom of words worth mentioning, yet with a
wisdom as sweet, as redolent of goodness as the carnations in Heaven
are of Paradise.  And I followed after him, holding up his hands, often
with my own eyes blindfolded to the spiritual necessities of the
situation, praying when he prayed, though many a time I could have
trusted our Father to do the square thing without so much knee-anguish
of the soul; and this is how at the end of so many years in the
itinerancy I began to take on the look of it--that is to say, I had
faded; and although I still wore little decorative fragments of my
wedding finery, my clothes in general had the peculiar prayer-meeting
set that is observable in the garments of every Methodist preacher's
wife at this stage of her fidelity to the cause.  There is something
solemn and uncompromising in her waist-line, something mournfully
beseeching in the down-drooping folds of her skirt, and I do not know
anything in Nature more pathetically honest than the way her neck comes
up out of the collar and says: "Search me!"

All this is most noticeable when the circuit rider has brought her up
from his country circuit to the town parsonage and the town church,
where there is such a thing as "style" in sleeves and headgear.  I
should say in this connection that William did at last "rise" that much
in the church: he occasionally became the pastor in a village with a
salary of at most five hundred dollars.  The wife at this time always
looks like a poor little lady Rip Van Winkle in the congregation.  And
her husband invariably makes the better impression, because all those
years while she was wearying and fading he was consciously or
unconsciously cultivating his powers of personality, his black-coated
ministerial presence, and even the full, rich tones of his preaching

But I will say for William that he was as innocent as a lamb of any
carnal intentions in these improvements.  He was wedded to his white
cravats as the angels are to their wings, and he was by nature so
fastidiously neat that if he had been a cat instead of a man he would
have spent much of his time licking his paws and washing his face.
Besides, like all preachers' wives, I was anxious that he should look
well in the pulpit, and therefore ready to sacrifice my own needs that
he might buy new clothes, because he must appear so publicly every
Sunday; especially as by this time I had the feeling of not appearing
even when I was present.  One of the peculiar experiences of a
preacher's wife is to stand in the background at the end of every
Sunday morning service and see her husband lionized by the congregation.

Another thing happened as we went on, far more important than the
casting of me out of the fashion of the times.  This was the change in
the quality of spirituality with which William had to deal in his more
cultivated congregations.

I cannot tell exactly where we made the transit, but somewhere in the
latter years of his ministry he stepped out of one generation into
another where the ideals of the Christian life were more intelligent,
but less Heavenly.  The things that preachers had told about God to
scare the people forty years before had come up and flowered into
heresies and unbelief in their children.  William actually had to quit
preaching about Jonah and the whale.  He had an excellent sermon on the
crucial moment of Jonah's repentance, with which in the early part of
his ministry he often awakened the Nineveh consciences of his people;
but when he preached the same sermon twenty years later in a suburban
town the young people laughed.

For the first time he came in contact with that element in the modern
church that is afflicted with spiritual invalidism.  It is composed of
women for the most part, who hunger and thirst after a kind of gruel
gospel, and who are forever wanting to consult the pastor between times
about their spiritual symptoms.  They are almost without exception the
victims of the same epidemic of moral inertia and emotional heavings.
They do not rise to the dignity of being sinners, and personally I
would not believe they had souls at all if I had not seen them develop
the diabolical soul to such amazing degrees of perversity.  But of all
people I have the least hope of their redemption, because they are too
smart to be convicted of their real sins.

Back upon the old, weatherbeaten circuits we met no such examples of
mock spirituality.  The men and women there had too little sense and
too much virtue to go through such complicated intellectual processes
to deceive themselves and others; they took narrow, almost persecuting
views of right and wrong.  But these teething saints in the town
churches had a too broadminded way of speculating upon their very
narrow moral margins and too few steadfast convictions of any sort.

The women were the worst, as I have already intimated.  Many of them
were in a fluid state, dissolved by their own minds; others sustained
the same relation to their souls that young and playful kittens do to
their tails.  They were always chasing them and never really finding
them.  But the most dangerous of them all is the one who refuses to
take up her bed and walk spiritually and who wants the preacher to
assist her at every step.  There is something infernal about a woman
who cannot distinguish between her sentimental emotions and a spiritual

This is why, when we hear of a minister who has disgraced himself with
some female member of his flock, my sympathies are all with the
preacher.  I know exactly what has happened.  Some sad, Trilby-faced
lady who has been "awakened" from a silent, cold, backslidden state by
his sermons goes to see him in his church study.  (They who build
studies for their preachers in the back part of the church surround him
with the four walls of moral destruction and invite it for him.  The
place for a minister's study is in his own home, with his wife passing
in and out, if he has female spiritual invalids calling on him.) She is
perfectly innocent in that she has not considered her moral
responsibility to the preacher she is about to victimize.  She is very
modest, really and truly modest.  He is a little on his guard till he
discovers this.  First, she tells him that she is "unhappy at home,"
has a sacrilegious husband most likely.  I have never known one who
spoke well of her husband.  She has been perishing spiritually for
years in this "brutal" atmosphere, and she dwells upon it till the
preacher's heart is wrung with compassion for what this delicate nature
has suffered in the unhallowed surroundings of her home.

But now, she goes on, with a sweet light in her eyes, his sermons have
aroused in her a desire to overcome such difficulties and to live on a
higher plane.  Could he give her some advice?  He can.  He is so full
of real, honest, truthful kindness he almost wants to hold her hands
while he bestows it.  Nothing is further from his mind than evil.  The
preacher, in particular, must think no evil.  This places him within
easy reach of the morbid woman, who can do a good deal of evil before
she thinks it.

After a few visits she professes a very real "growth" spiritually,
but--she hesitates, lowers her gentle head and, finally, confesses that
she is troubled with "temptations."  She shows her angelic confidence
in him by telling them, and he is deeply moved at the almost childish
innocency of what she calls her temptations.  No honest woman could
possibly regard them as such, if he only knew it.  But he doesn't know
it.  He sees her reduced to tears over her would-be transgressions, and
before he considers what he is about he has kissed the "dear child."
That is the way it happens nine times out of ten, a good man damned and
lost by some frail angel of his church.

A minister is always justified in suspecting the worst of a pretty
woman who wants to consult him privately about her soul, whether she
has sense enough to suspect herself or not.

After observing William very carefully for thirty years I reached the
conclusion that the wisest preacher knows nothing about the purely
feminine soul, and the less he has to do with it the better.  The
thing, whatever it is, is so intimately connected with her nervous
system that only her Heavenly Father can locate it from day to day.
And I have observed that the really good women are never guilty of the
sacrilege of showing their immortality to preachers.  I lived with
William for thirty years, and had more than my share of spiritual
difficulties.  But I would have as soon asked him how to cut out my
dress as what to do with my soul.  No man's preaching benefited me
more, but in so far as my soul was feminine and peculiar to me I took
it as an indication that Providence meant it to remain so, and I never
betrayed it, not even to him.

But I could not keep other women from doing so.  There was a beautiful
lady in the church at Orionville who gave "Bible readings" as if they
were soprano solos.  She was always beautifully gowned for the
occasion, and had an expression of pretty, pink piety that was
irresistible.  She was "not happy at home" and candidly confessed it.
The lack of congeniality grew out of the fact that her husband was a
straightforward business man who took no interest in her Bible
readings.  But he was about the only man in the church who did not.
And it is only a question of time when she would have betrayed William
in the Second Book of Samuel if I had not intervened.

She had been coming to the parsonage regularly for a month, consulting
him about her "interpretation" of these Scriptures.  She asked for him
at the door as simply as if I had been his office-boy.  And William was
always cheered and invigorated by her visits.  He would come out of his
study to tea after her departure, rubbing his hands and praising the
beautiful, spiritual clearness of her mind, which he considered very
remarkable in a woman.

Poor William!  I never destroyed his illusions, for they were always
founded upon the goodness and simplicity of his own nature.  But when
Mrs. Billywith began to spend three afternoons of the week with him in
his study, with nobody but the dead-and-gone Second Samuel to chaperon
them, and when William began to neglect his pastoral visiting on this
account, I couldn't have felt the call to put an end to the
"interpretations" stronger than I did if I had been his guardian angel.
The next time she came he was out visiting the sick.

"Come right in, Mrs. Billywith," I said, leading her into the study and
seating myself opposite her when she had chosen her chair.  "William is
out this afternoon, but possibly I can help you with the kind of
interpretation you ought to do now, better than he can."  She stared at
me with a look of proud surprise.

"You and William have spent a very profitable month, I reckon, on
Second Samuel; but I've been thinking that maybe you ought to have a
change now and stay at home some and try to interpret your own Samuel.
Your husband's given name is Sam, isn't it?  He seems to me a neglected
prophet, Mrs. Billywith, and needs his spiritual faculties exercised
and strengthened more than William does.  Besides----"

I never finished the sentence.  Mrs. Billywith rose with the look of an
angel who has been outraged, floated through the open door and
disappeared down the shady street.  William never knew, or even
suspected, why she discontinued so interesting a study, nor why he
could never again induce her to give one of her beautiful "Bible
readings" on prayer-meeting nights.

You will say, of course, that I was jealous of my husband.  But I was
not jealous for him only as a husband, I was even more jealous for him
as the simplest, best, most saintly man I had ever known.  And the
preacher's wife who does not cultivate the wisdom of a serpent and as
much harmlessness of the dove as will not interfere with her duty to
him in protecting him from such women--whose souls are merely mortal
and who are to be found in so many congregations--may have a damaged
priest on her hands before she knows it.  And there is not a more
difficult soul to restore in this world except a woman's.  Ever after
it sits uneasy in him.  It aches and cries out in darkness even at
noonday, and you have to go and do it all over again--the restoring.

Some one who understands real moral values ought to make a new set of
civil laws that would apply to the worst class of criminals in society:
not the poor hungry, simple-minded rogues, the primitive murderers, but
the real rotters of honor and destroyers of salvation.  Then we should
have a very different class of people in the penitentiaries, and not
the least numerous among them would be the women who make a religion of
sneaking up on the blind male side of good men, without a thought of
the consequences.



William never made but two long journeys away from home.  One was to
visit a brother minister; the other was a sort of involuntary excursion
he made away from God in his own mind.  And as the first trip led to
the second I will begin with that.

There was a young man in William's class at college named Horace
Pendleton, who entered the ministry with him, and joined the North
Georgia Conference at the same time.  William had that devotion for him
one often sees in a good man for just a smart one.  He placed an
extravagant value upon his gifts, and he was one of the heroes of our
younger married years, about whom he talked with affectionate blindness.

And there is no doubt that Horace Pendleton had a gift, the gift of
rising.  You might have thought he was in the world instead of the
church, he went up so fast.  He had been ordained scarcely long enough
to become a deacon before he was well enough known to be preaching
commencement sermons at young ladies' seminaries and delivering
lectures everywhere.  He had that naïve bravery of intelligence which
enabled him to accept with dignity an invitation to lecture on any
subject from "Sunshine" to the "Psychology of St. Paul."

I remember him very well in those days, a thin, long, young man with a
face so narrow and tight and bright that when he talked in his high
metallic voice one received the impression of light streaming in up his
higher nature through a keyhole.  I specify higher nature, because
Pendleton never addressed himself to any other part of the spiritual
anatomy.  I always had the feeling when I heard him that he inflated
each word, so that some of the weightiest and most ancient verbs in the
Scriptures floated from his lips as lightly as if they had been the
cast-off theological tail-feathers of a growing angel.  His grandest
thoughts (and he was as full of them as an egg is of meat) seemed to
cut monkeyshines and to make faces back at him the moment he uttered
them.  Personally, I never liked him.  He talked too much about
sacrifice and was entirely too fortunate himself.  Maybe I was jealous
of him.

The contrast between his career in the ministry and that of William was
certainly striking.  He had been made a Doctor of Divinity and was
filling the best churches in his Conference, while William and I were
still serving mountain circuits.  And it was not long before none of
the churches in our Conference were good enough for him, so he had to
be transferred to get one commensurate with his ability.  Even then he
had enough surplus energy to run a sideline in literature.  I have
always thought that if he had been a land agent, instead of a preacher,
he could have sold the whole of Alaska and the adjacent icebergs in one

And I reckon I may as well admit that there was an invincible streak of
meanness in me which prevented my admiring him, for, from start to
finish, he was a man of impeccable reputation, and undoubtedly
irreproachable character, as we use those words, and I could have
admired him as anything else but a preacher.  It was his shockingly
developed talent for worldly success that revolted me.  To this day,
the gospel, the real "lose-your-life-for-my-sake" gospel sounds better,
more like gospel to me if it is preached by a man who is literally
poor.  Maybe it is because I learned to revere this trait in William.

But in every way, always William could surpass me in the dignity of
love.  So he went on loving Horace Pendleton.  He believed that the
Lord was lavish in favors to him because of his superior worth, and
this accounted for his good fortune, and I never interfered with any of
William's idolatries; they were all creditable to him.

At last the time came when he received an invitation from Pendleton
(who was now pastor of the leading Methodist Church in a flourishing
city in another state) to visit him.  They had always kept up a sort of
desultory correspondence, and I am sure Pendleton never received finer
laurels of praise than William sent him in his letters.

We were in a small town that year in the malarial district and
William's health was not good.  It was early spring, before the revival
season opened, and it so happened that there was some kind of political
convention on hand, which enabled him to secure special rates on the
railroad.  So one morning in April, I plumed and preened him in his
best clothes and sent him on his happy journey.  When he returned a
week later William was a changed man.  He talked with a breadth and
intelligence upon many old and new subjects, that I had never observed
in him before.  Yet it seemed to me that something great in him had
faded.  He was stuffed to the neck with ethics as loose fitting morally
as the sack coat of worldly-mindedness, and he did not suspect it.  His
very expression had changed.  He looked, well, to put it as mildly as I
can, William looked sophisticated, and it is as belittling a look as a
good man can wear.  There is a Moses simplicity about goodness that has
never been improved upon by the wisest ape-expression of the smartest
man that ever lived, and William's simplicity had been blurred.

"Mary," he said to me, as we sat at our evening meal the day after his
return, "I must read and study more.  This visit has been an eye-opener
to me.  I am sadly behind the times."

"Yes, William," I replied shrewdly, for I had never heard him talk so
"fresh" before, "you must read and study more, for a preacher has
something bigger than 'the times' on his conscience."

"What do you mean?"

"That the times are so transient, that a preacher is called to deliver
a message about what is far more permanent."

"I think, Mary," he went on, assuming the reasoning air that a man
always takes when he thinks he is trying to make a woman think, but
when he is only trying to make her agree with what he thinks, "I think
one reason why Pendleton has gotten on in the Church and been of so
much more service there than I have is because he has kept up with his
times.  He is a very learned man, and he preaches right up to the
present moment.  I'd scarcely have recognized some of the Scriptures as
he interpreted them in the light of modern criticism and conditions."

"You are right, William, there is no doubt that Horace Pendleton has
risen in the Church and been of more service to the Church than you
have been because he knows so much better than you do how to make it
worldly-minded and how to intone the gospel to the same tune, but
_you_, William, are you going to begin to interpret the Scriptures just
to suit your times and modern conditions?  I thought Scriptures had
nothing to do with mere 'times,' that they belonged to the ever-lasting
Order of Things."

"I fear you are prejudiced against Pendleton, and incapable of seeing
the good in what he says.  Yet he showed a great interest in me, and he
talked to me very seriously about the limitations of my ministry."

"What did he say?"

"For one thing, he said I was identified with a view of God and Man and
the world such as no intelligent, healthy disciple of Christ after the
fashion of John Wesley ever held."

"Could you tell what _his_ view of God was?"

"No, I could not.  That was my ignorance.  I could not keep up with
him.  He preached a very powerful sermon from one of the best texts in
the New Testament the Sunday I was there.  He couldn't have done that
unless he had had a very plain view of God."

"Oh, yes, he could," I retorted.  "You can preach a much more
satisfactorily powerful sermon in a fashionable modern church if you
don't see God than if you do."

Still William persisted.  He began to read strange books that Pendleton
had loaned him, and the more he read the gloomier he looked.  His
vocabulary changed.  In the course of fourteen days, I remember, the
word "salvation" did not pass his lips and I could have prayed as good
a prayer as he prayed any night as we knelt together.  The time came,
indeed, when I seriously considered making him the object of special
prayer on the sly, only William was so really good I was ashamed to
show this lack of confidence in him to the Lord.

Meanwhile the Sabbath in June, when the protracted meeting usually
began, approached, and I knew if things did not change it would be a
flat failure.  For William was in a blue funk spiritually.

"I cannot think what is the matter with me," he complained to me late
one afternoon as we sat on the parsonage steps waiting for the prayer
meeting bell to ring.

"You have backslid, William.  That is what is the matter with you!  You
listened to the voice of Horace Pendleton till you cannot hear the
voice of God.  You no longer have the single eye.  It has been bunged
up, put out!"

That was the first and last sermon I ever preached to William.  It was
a short one, but it brought him forward for prayers, so to speak, and
for the next few days we had a terrible time at the parsonage.  He was
an honest man, and he was not slow to recognize his condition once it
was pointed out to him.

It is not so bad to lose the "witness of the Spirit," because you can
still believe in God, and presently the witness is there again, but
when you begin to read books that curtail the divinity of Jesus Christ
and make your Heavenly Father just a natural force in the Universe,
when you bud and blossom into rationalism, there is a good deal of
mischief to pay.  I do not say that Pendleton went this far, but the
books he read and loaned to William did, and they unconsciously had a
profounder effect upon William than they had on Pendleton, because
William really had a soul.  (I am not saying Pendleton did not have,
you understand; I am an agnostic on that subject.)  But to have a soul
and to be without an immediate Almighty is to experience a frightful
tragedy.  If a man never recognizes this diviner part of himself, he
may live and die in the comfort or discomfort of any other mere
creature.  But once you realize your own immortality (I make a
distinction here between the self-consciousness of immortality and the
loud preaching of it that a man may do just from biblical hearsay), you
are a lonesome waif in a bad storm.  This was William's fix.  He was
exposed, all at once, to the inclemencies of the Infinitudes.  But I
ceased to worry once he began to really pray and scourge himself, and I
did not interrupt the chastening.  Usually, when he insisted upon
fasting all day Friday, I provided little intelligent temptations to
food at the earliest possible moment.  But this time I let him starve
to his heart's content.  I reckon I am a worldly-minded woman and
always shall be, but I know another, higher minded man when I see one,
and I have always been careful not to drag William down.  Now I was
equally determined that Horace Pendleton should not.

Once, during the dreadful time, he came out of his study and looked at
me vaguely, pleadingly, as if he wanted help.

"Don't look at me that way, William," I cried, "I can't do anything but
kiss you.  I never did know where your God was, but you knew, and
you'll just have to go back the way you came to Him.  All I know for
certain is that there is a God, your kind, or you could never have
lived the way you have lived, nor accomplished the things you have
accomplished.  You couldn't have; you haven't sense enough.  And for
this reason you'd better not try to think your way back.  If God is
God, He is far beyond our little thinking.  You had better feel your
way to him.  It is what you call Faith in your sermons!"

Something like this is what I said to him standing before him with my
head on his breast, wiping the tears from my eyes.  Really a
spiritually sick preacher is about the most depressing thing a woman
can have in the house.  And when I looked at William, pale,
hollow-eyed, with his mouth puckered into a penitential angle I longed
to lay Horace Pendleton across my knees and give him what he deserved
for disturbing a better man's peace.

About the middle of Saturday afternoon, however, I knew that his clouds
were breaking.  I heard him in his study singing:

  "How firm a foundation, ye saints of the Lord,
  Is laid for your faith in His excellent word."

[Illustration: I Heard Him in His Study Singing.]

Later on, at bed-time, he chose a cheerful psalm to read and I heard
the happy rustling of his wings in the prayer he made.

The next evening had been chosen for the initial service of the
protracted meeting and I remember his text:

"I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of
Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things,
and do count them but refuse that I may win Christ and be found in Him."

I remember it because I remember William so well that evening.  He
fitted into it as if it was his home.  The great words seemed to belong
to him.  They were his experience literally.  They had the authority of
another simple, faithful, brave life behind them besides that of St.
Paul.  And the people who listened knew it.  If William had made a
great name and fame for himself out of preaching, if he had earned
fancy salaries as the pastor in rich churches it would have been
different.  I don't know, of course, but it seems to me in that case
they might have clanged a little like sounding brass and tinkling

He stood in the little dim pulpit, the summer evening was fading, the
lamps in the church had not been lighted, and the faces of the village
folk were softened, sweetened in the gentle Sabbath gloom.  He drew a
picture of Paul in prison at Rome, old and in anticipation of his end.
William never knew how to use words fancifully, therefore they used to
gather together truthfully in his sermons, as if he had wove them in.
And so now we had not an elegantly-painted portrait of St. Paul, but we
saw him really, the man who actually had counted all things but loss
for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus--so out of his
bonds in the spirit.  It takes a rare preacher to portray one "found in
Christ."  He cannot do it with the best theological vocabulary, nor
the  finest scientific terms.  But William, I cannot tell how he did
it--all I know is that every time he put his sentences together, they
cast again the image of the Saviour upon every heart before him.  He
stood like a man who has his hand upon the latch-string of the door of
his Father's house, counting over one by one the things to be lost and
gained there.  Nothing remained but a few simple things like loving one
another.  He removed the world and the cares of it and set our feet in
the way of life like a wise man guiding little children.

If Horace Pendleton had put all he knew into one discourse, garnished
it with a thousand terms taken from the "new theology," he could not
have approached the awful simplicity and the high sweetness of that

But one thing I must remember to tell; as long as he lived William
loved and honored this man with perfect devotion.  That is the
wonderful thing about being good.  You see it always, your eyes are
happily holden to evil.  On the other hand, I had occasion to learn
after William's death that Pendleton regarded him with good-natured
derision.  He thought him a stupid man bound down to the earth by a
meager theology.  He even wrote an obituary notice of William that must
have made his guardian angel long to kick him--all a grand toot to show
the contrast between a preacher like himself and a foolish old
stutterer like William.



It is curious what things are revealed to us as we go along.  I used to
wonder, because William wondered, where, in what year, Paul did this or
that which is recorded in Acts.  I remember how William used to get
down his commentaries and squint everywhere along margins for dates to
discover exactly where he was in the spring, say, of 54 A. D.  At the
time it was passing strange to me that no exact record of dates was
taken concerning the doings of a man who occasionally turned the world
upside down as he went through it.  But now it is perfectly clear.
Those who wrote never specified whether it was the first or second
Sunday that Paul said thus and so at Antioch.  The record was merely of
the timeless truth he uttered, because Paul and the rest of them
engaged in this Scripture-making and doing back there were already out
of time in their consciousness.  They were figures in Eternity making
the great journey by another calendar than ours.

Since I have been writing this poor record of William, it is not time
that matters to me.  I forget to tell of his years in each chapter, or
to describe the changes in his appearance.  The things he did, the
prayers he prayed, the faith he exercised, these crowd the memory--all
so much alike, as one day resembles another day, and as one prayer
resembles another prayer.  But the dates have long since faded from my
mind.  I cannot recall, for example, when his shoulders first began to
stoop, nor when he ceased to go clean-shaven, nor the year it was that
his hair and beard whitened, nor when the hollows deepened to stay
beneath his eyes.  All I remember for certain was the changeless spirit
of him, and the unconquerable courage he showed about getting ready to
put off his mortality and the definite curious vividness with which he
anticipated immortality.

And in other ways I have unusual difficulty in telling here what he
said and did.  The activities of a minister's life differ so widely
from the activities of any other life that even to set them down
requires a peculiar vocabulary.  One cannot find the right kind even in
church reports and statistics, but they must bear some great likeness
to the words used in the Acts of the Apostles.  I do not know how to
describe them, but every man knows them when he hears them, for the
language of Christianity is the one language that never changes.  It
gets a new translation now and then, but it is always informed with the
same spirit, the same lofty pilgrim-phrases and prayer-sounding verbs.
And the minister learns them because he needs them in the world where
he moves.

I make an exception here of those preachers who develop a gift for
church enterprise, for getting up funds for "improvements" of one sort
and another.  The account they give of their stewardship is not very
different from that of any other business man.  And they are needed.
They do the greater part towards keeping the church housed,
conspicuously steepled and visible to the world that passes by.  They
are the preachers in every Conference who are sent to "works" where a
new church or a new parsonage is needed.  And some of them have heroic
records in collecting for these purposes.  I would not take a single
dollar from the sum of their renown.  But this is a memorial to
William, and he was not one of these.  He was really an excellent
preacher, a devoted pastor, but he had more spiritual intuitions than
common sense about managing the practical details of the pastorate.  I
recognized this deficiency in him as we went along together in the
itinerancy, and feeling that it was important for the Presiding Elder
to have a good opinion of him in every way, I must have perjured myself
to every one of them year by year, singing William's praises as a
business man when I knew he was as innocent of business as the angels
in Heaven.  If he had been the kind of man I represented him to be, he
would have been a sort of hallelujah cross and crisscross between
Daniel Webster, John D. Rockefeller and St. Paul.  And I remember the
genial patience with which the gray-headed elders used to listen to my
Williamanic paeans.  But they could not have believed me, for he was
never sent to a place where visible mortar and stone work had to be
accomplished for the advancement of the church.  And now, when it is
all over, when the violets are blooming so much at home above his dear
dust, I feel at last that I can afford to confess his beautiful

After you are dead it doesn't matter if you were not successful in a
business way.  No one has yet had the courage to memorialize his wealth
on his tombstone.  A dollar mark would not look well there.  The best
epitaph proclaims simple old Scripture virtues, like honesty and
diligence and patience.  And you will observe that when the meanest
skinflint or the most disgracefully avaricious millionaire dies, his
tombstone never refers to his most notorious characteristics.  His
friends speak not of his scandalous speculations, but of his
benevolences.  Thus some of the most conscienceless rogues in a
generation go down to posterity with expurgated tablets to their
memory, which of course is best for posterity.

So I do not mind now admitting that William was a poor money-getter,
but he actually did have the virtues that look well recorded on his
tombstone.  I can even recall, with a sort of tearful humor, some of
his efforts at practical church thinking.  He entertained with naïve
enthusiasm, for example, a certain proposition for regulating the
support of the ministry, and would have sent it as a memorial to the
General Conference, but for my interference.  He had elaborated a plan
by which every Methodist preacher should receive his salary on the pro
rata basis as the superannuates do, according to the funds in hand, and
according to their needs.  It would be taken like any other Conference
collection, turned in like any other to the treasury for this purpose.
But the preacher on a mountain circuit with a wife and eight children
would receive twenty-five hundred dollars, and the one with only a
wife, even though he might be the pastor of a rich city church, would
receive only a thousand dollars.

Such a distribution of income would have placed a premium upon
ministerial posterity and would have been as fatal as socialism to
competition for the best pulpits in the Church connection.  But I did
not use this argument to William.  He could not appreciate it.  He was
even capable of claiming that it proved the virtue of his proposition.

"William," I exclaimed, when he confided in me, "promise me that you
will never mention this dreadful plan, not even to a steward or to the
Presiding Elder.  It tends to Socialism, Communism and to Church
volcanics generally.  Your reputation would be ruined if you were
suspected of entertaining such incendiary ideas!"

He was aghast, having always regarded the very terms I used to describe
his plan with righteous horror.  And that was the last I ever heard of
his pro rata salary system.

Still, if all the preachers in the Church were as literally in earnest
about living just to preach the gospel as William was, it would have
been a good one.  The fact is they are not.  The very gifted, highly
educated pastor of a rich city church feels it down to his spiritual
bones that his gospel is worth more than that of the simple-minded
itinerant on a country circuit.  And most of them would have to
experience something more illuminating and stringent even than the
"second blessing" before they could be made to see the matter
differently.  And I do not blame them.  We just can't get over being
human and greedy and covetous anywhere, it seems, especially in a rich
pulpit.  William stood a better chance for developing the right
heavenly mind in his part of the vineyard.  And I ought to have been
satisfied to see the way he grew in grace, and in that finer, sweeter
knowledge of the Lord and his ways, but I never was.

I used to think, too, that his gospel was worth more than some other
preacher's who received a better salary.  But it comforts me now to
know that he never thought it.  If William was covetous about anything
it was salvation.  He was never satisfied with being as good as he was.
He was always longing and praying and going about in the effort just to
be a better man, more worthy of the message he had to deliver.  These
were the kind of seraphic pleasures he took in living.  And there was
no mortal power, no poverty or hardship that could do him out of them.
He would come back from feeding some vicious sinner with his gospel
substances exhilarated.  It seemed to strengthen his spirit to drive
five miles through freezing winter weather to some country church to
preach to half a dozen men and women who may have only come on such a
bad day with the hope of finding that the preacher failed to come, a
shepherd unfaithful to his flock in a trying season.  And of course, if
you are called to preach, this is the way to be, but if you are called
to be just the wife of a preacher, it is different.  I do not say it
ought to be, but it is.  I used to get tired of being poor in spirit.
There came days when I wanted to inherit the earth, the real earth, you
understand.  The figure of speech might have been better for my soul,
but what I hankered after was something opulent and comfortable for
just the human me.  And this brings to mind an incident that happened
when I was in one of these moods.

We were stationed that year at Celestial Bells, a place where, as I
have already intimated, the people had some kind of happy beam in their
eye.  They were not only willing to be Christians, they were determined
to be.  But they were equally determined to enjoy every other good
thing they saw in sight.  This led to many social occasions, afternoon
teas, receptions, innocent entertainments, to no end of visiting and to
a fashionableness in everybody's appearance that was scandalously
fascinating to me.

Now and then I have heard some stupid stranger refer to Celestial Bells
as an ugly little town, but in my memory it is spread forever in the
sun, sweetly shining like a flower-garden wing of Paradise.  It was
there after so many years that I came in contact again with simple
human gayety, with women prettily gowned, with the charming clatter of
light conversation and within the sound of music that was not always
hymnal.  I do not say, mind you, that I did not listen always
reverently and gratefully to William's higher talk, nor that I have
ever ceased to enjoy good church music, but I am confessing that, in
spite of long training in experience-meeting monologues and organ
tunes, I was still ecstatically capable of this other kind of delight.

As the Minister's Wife I was asked everywhere.  In all well-bred
communities the preacher's wife is given the free moral agent's
opportunity to draw her own line between the world and the church.  If
she refuses a series of invitations to teas and clubs and receptions,
it is understood that she is not of the world, will have none of it,
and she is left to pursue her pious way to just the church services and
missionary meetings.  But I refused to draw the spiritual line between
tea parties and the bible-class study evening.  I accepted every
invitation with alacrity.  There was nothing radically wrong, I
believe, with my heavenly mind, it simply extended further down and
around about than that of some others in my position.

One circumstance only interfered with my pleasures.  This was the
curious sag and limpness, and color and style of my clothes.  It is no
mystery to me why dress fashions for women connected with the
itinerancy tend to mourning shades.  When you put the world out of your
life, you put the sweet vanity of color out.  You eschew red and pink
and tender sky-blues and present your bodies living sacrifices in black
materials.  I do not believe that God requires it.  The Maker of the
heavens and the earth, of the green boughs and of the myriad-faced
flowers must be a lover of colors.  But I cannot recall ever having
seen a Circuit Rider's Wife in my life whose few garments were not
pathetically dashed with this gloom of mourning darkness.

So, when we came to Celestial Bells, I say, I had a black sateen waist
and a gray cheviot skirt still worthy to be worn to church and prayer
meeting services, and a sadder blacker gown that had done service for
four years upon funeral occasions and others equally as solemn, like
weddings.  These were all, except the calicos I wore at home.  The
result was that I must have looked like some sort of sacrilegious crow
at every social function in Celestial Bells during the first few
months.  But as the Spring advanced, I took my courage in my hands and
resolved to have a blue foulard silk.  It was frightfully expensive,
seventy-five cents a yard, in fact, to say nothing of a white lace yoke
and a black panne velvet belt.  But no bride ever contemplated her
"going away" gown with more satisfaction.  I pictured myself in it
before I even purchased it attending Sister Z's tea party, _looking
like other women_!  I do not recommend this as high ambition, but those
preachers' wives in the remote places who have worn drab and
sorrowfully cut clothes for years will know how I felt.  I think there
is something pitiful in women just here.  No matter how old and
consecrated they get, they do in their secret hearts often long to be
pretty, to look well dressed and--yes, light-hearted.  The latter is so
becoming to them.

But it is in the itinerancy as it is in other walks of life.  Just as
you think you are about to get your natural heart's desire somebody
slams the Bible down on it, or gets an answer to prayer that spoils
your pleasure in it.  So it was in my case.

It was the first foreign missionary meeting of the new fiscal year, one
day in March.  We met at Sister MacL's house.  The jonquils were in
bloom, the world was fair, and out in the orchards we could see the
peach trees one mass of pink blossoms.  I never felt more religious or
thankful in my life, there in the little green parlor listening to the
opening hymn.  The roll was called, showing that we had an unusually
full meeting.  The minutes were read, then came a discussion concerning
dues for the coming year.  All this time Sister Shaller had been
presiding with her usual dignity.  She was a beautiful woman,
childless, and much praised for her interest in church works.  She was
rich and enjoyed the peculiar distinction of wearing very fashionable
gowns even to church.  Upon this occasion something reserved, potential
and authoritative in her manner made me nervous.  I had a premonition
that she was after somebody's dearest idol.  And I was not left long in
suspense as to whose it was.

Fixing her wide brown eyes upon us with hypnotic intensity she said she
had felt moved, unaccountably moved, to tell the Auxiliary that we must
support a foreign female missionary this coming year.  The silence that
met this announcement was sad and submissive.  We were already paying
all the dues we could afford, this meant fifty dollars extra, and not a
single one of us wanted to send the missionary except Sister Shaller.

She went on to say, in her deep mezzo soprano voice, that she knew it
meant sacrifice for us, but that it was by just such sacrifices that we
grew in grace, and she desired to suggest the nature of the sacrifice,
one that we would probably feel the most, and would therefore be the
most beneficial.

"Suppose each of us resolves to do without our Spring gown for Easter.
Oh, my sisters! we could probably send two instead of one missionary
then.  And we will have at the same time curbed the weakness and vanity
of our female natures!"

The rich plumes in her hat trembled with the depth of her emotions, her
pretty silk skirts rustled softly.  But the silence continued.  If she
had asked for the sacrifice of any but our Easter things, I reckon we
could have borne it better, but probably there was not a woman in the
room whose imagination had not already been cavorting under her
prospective Easter bonnet.  As for me, I never felt so circumvented and
outraged in the whole course of my life as a preacher's wife.  I had
the samples in my bag at that moment, and was only waiting for the
adjournment of the meeting to go to the store on my way home to
purchase my foulard.

There is one thing we have all noticed about a silence, especially in a
company of friends, if it lasts too long it gets sullen, and pregnant
with the animosity of unspoken thoughts.  When the silence was
approaching this stage, Sister MacL, who had a sort of cradle heart for
soothing everyone, murmured in her crooning voice:

"Let us take it to the Lord in prayer!"

And we were about to rise and kneel like a set of angry children before
our smiling Heavenly Father, when something either moral or immoral
stiffened in me, and I startled even myself with these words, that
seemed to come of their own accord out of my mouth:

"I'll do nothing of the kind!"

I was oblivious to the horrified gaze of my companions.  I felt some
spirit strengthen me and give me courage.  I had a quick tear-blinded
vision of the years behind me, and of the figure I made walking always
down the aisle of some church by William in my dismal black dress, or
sitting at a funeral or even at a feast, always in that ugly black

"Sister Shaller," I said, looking steadily at her as a child looks at
another child who is trying to take some cherished plaything from it,
"you can do as you please about sending that missionary.  You are
perfectly able to do without new Easter clothes.  As for me, I have
promised the Lord to dress better, more like a human being and less
like a woman-raven, and I intend to do it.  I am tired of sitting in
retired corners at parties and receptions because I look as if I
belonged to a funeral.  It is a matter of conscience with me, just as
the missionary is with you."

I never told William what I had done.  It was one of those good works
that he could not have measured or appreciated.  And I never knew
whether Sister Shaller sent her missionary or not.  She was a good
woman and perfectly capable of doing it.  But the other women were as
grateful as if I had rescued their Easter things from a highwayman.

This was the only place William ever served where the people of the
world flocked in and filled his church.  I used to think maybe it was a
way they had of returning my social friendliness to them.  I accepted
all of their invitations I dared to accept, and they accepted all of
William's.  They not only crowded in to hear him preach, they were
singularly amiable about coming up to the altar if he extended an
invitation to penitents who were sorry for their sins.  The trouble
with those people was the exceedingly small number of things they would
admit were sins.  But it made no difference in William's exhortations
as sometimes he bent above the gayly flowered heads in his altar.  It
was always

  "Give up every thing and follow Christ."

And if he did them no good certainly he did them no harm.



The fact that I had a worldly mind was in some ways very fortunate for
William.  For, when all is said, this is the world we live in, not the
Kingdom of Heaven.  And while I never knew any man who understood the
archangelic politics of the latter place better than he did, there were
constantly occurring occasions down here on the earth, between his
pulpit and the Post Office, when this same New Jerusalem statescraft
rendered him one of the most obtuse and stubborn men in creation.  It
was then that I used to feel like one of those cheerful, clever little
dogs we sometimes see leading a blind man through a dangerously crowded
thoroughfare.  It was then only that I ever had the delightful
sensation of filling the star rôle in the really great drama of life we
were acting together.  And it was usually a deliciously double rôle,
for William never knew that he was led by anything but the voice of God
and the peculiar Scripture wisdom of the prophets, and the man of the
world in the situation who had to be corraled and brought back into the
fold rarely suspected, either, what was happening to him.

In regard to the latter I will say I think some very good people will
be obliged to wait until they actually get in the Kingdom of Heaven
before they experience the shine and illumination of a spiritual
nature.  I have seen many a one of this class on William's Circuits,
and they are about the most difficult saints of all to manage, because
they could do what they conceived to be their duty and listen a
lifetime to the gospel without ever catching the least hint of its real
significance.  The strongest sermon William could preach on "Sell all
your goods and follow me" never induced a single rich man to do it.  He
was fortunate if such a man gave five dollars extra to foreign missions
on the strength of the appeal.

The wonderful thing about William was that these facts never clouded
his convictions or discouraged him.  He had a faith over and above the
vain pomps and show of this world.  He wore clothes so old they
glistened along every seam, and little thin white ties, and darned
shirts, and was forever stinting himself further for the sake of some
collection to which he wanted to contribute.  And all these made him an
embarrassingly impressive figure when he looked out over the gew-gaws
of his Sunday congregation, calling upon them to sell all their goods
to feed the poor, or to lay down their life for Him, or to put on the
whole armor of God and present their bodies a living sacrifice, which
was their reasonable service.  Maybe if he had especial "liberty" in
his delivery there would be a lively response of "Amens" from the
brethren.  Maybe some old black bonneted sister would slap her hands
and shout a little on the side, but nobody ever really did the things
he told them to do.  If they had, William alone could have
revolutionized human society in the course of his ministry.  But he was
never aware of his failure.  He was like a man holden in a heavenly
vision, a man supping in one long dream upon the milk and honey of far
off Canaan.

For this reason, as I have said, he sometimes blundered in the world
about him and I had to come to the rescue.

We were stationed at Arkville, a small village with two country
churches attached to make up the Circuit, when this incident happened
which will serve to illustrate what I mean.  The congregation was
composed for the most part of men and women who worked in a cotton
factory, and of one rich man who owned it.  He was that most ferocious
thing in human shape, a just man, with a thimble-headed soul, a narrow
mind and a talent for making money.  He had built the church at
Arkville and he paid nearly all the assessments.  He was a despot, with
a reputation among his employees of having mercy upon whom he would
have mercy.  William never understood him.  He regarded Brother Sears
as a being remarkably generous, and capable of growing in grace.  Sears
accordingly flattered and honored the church with his presence every
Sunday during the first six months of his ministry.

But there came a dreadful Sabbath when William read for his New
Testament lesson the story of Dives's extraordinary prosperity in this
world, dwelt with significant and sympathetic inflection upon the needy
condition of Lazarus lying neglected outside his gate, afflicted with
sores.  Then he capped the climax, after the singing of the second
hymn, by reading out in a deep, sonorous, judgment-trumpet voice:

"And Dives being in torment lifted up his eyes to Abraham in heaven and
begged for a drop of water to cool his parched tongue."

It was a tropical text and William preached a burning sermon from it.
As he grew older the vision of hell seemed to fade and he laid the
scenes of his discourses nearer and nearer the fragrant outskirts of
Heaven, but he was now in his hardy old age, and occasionally took a
severely good man's obtuse pleasure in picturing the penitentiary pangs
of sinners.

I shall always retain a vivid memory of that service--William standing
in the little yellow pine-box pulpit with his long gray beard spread
over his breast, and his blue eyes shadowed with his dark thoughts of
Dives's torment.  I can still see, distinctly enough to count them, the
rows of sallow-faced men and women with their hacking concert cough,
casting looks of livid venom at Sears sitting by the open window on the
front bench, a great red-jowled man who was regarding the figure in the
pulpit with such a blaze of fury one might have inferred that he had
already swallowed a shovelful of live coals.  Nevertheless William went
on like an inspired conflagration.  There proceeded from his lips a
sulphurous smoke of damaging words with Dives's face appearing and
reappearing in the haze in a manner that was frightfully realistic.  I
longed to leap to my feet and exclaim:

"William, stop!  You are hurting Brother Sears's feelings and appealing
to the worst passions in the rest of your congregation!"

But it was too late.  Suddenly Sears arose and strode out of the house.
Five minutes later William closed with a few leaping flame sentences
and sat down, so much carried away with the sincerity of his own
performance that he had not even noticed Sears's departure.

When he discovered the sensation he had created and the enormity of his
chief steward's indignation, he was far from repentant.  He simply
withdrew and devoted an extra hour a day to special prayer for Brother
Sears.  It was no use to advise him that he might as well cut off the
electric current and then try to turn on the light as to pray for a man
like Sears.  He had a faith in prayer that no mere reasoning could
obstruct or circumvent.  And the nearer I come to the great answer to
all prayers, the more I am convinced that he was right.  But in those
days I almost suspected William of cheating in the claims he made for
the efficacy of prayer.  Thus, in the case of Brother Sears, to all
appearances it was I who brought about a reconciliation by readjusting
one of the little short circuits of his perverse nature.

Brothers Sears was a man who loved to excel his fellow-man even in the
smallest things.  He not only felt a first-place prominence in the
little society of the village, he strove to surpass the least person in
it if there was any point of competition between them.  It would have
been a source of mortification to him if the shoemaker had grown a
larger turnip than he had grown.

William and I were walking by his garden one day, after he had sulked
for a month, and saw him standing in the midst of it with a lordly air.
William would have passed him by with a sorrowful bow, but I hailed him:

"Good afternoon, Brother Sears!  You have a beautiful garden, but I
believe our pole beans are two inches taller than yours on the

He was all competitive animation at once, measured the curling height
of his tallest bean vine, and insisted upon coming home with us to
measure ours, which, thank heavens, were four inches shorter.

He was so elated over this victory that he apparently forgave William
on the spot for his Dives sermon, and handed him ten dollars on
quarterage to indicate the return of his good will.

"Mary," said William, staring down happily at the crisp bill in his
hand as Sears disappeared, "never say again that the Lord does not
answer prayer!"

For a moment I felt a flash of resentment.  Who was it that had had the
courage to beard Sears in his own garden?  Who had tolled him all the
way across town into our garden to measure our bean stalk?  Who was it
that had thought up this method of natural reconciliation, anyhow?  Not
William, walking beside us in sad New Testament silence.  Then,
suddenly, my crest fell.  After all, I was merely the instrument chosen
by which William's prayers for Sears had been answered.  To his faith
we owed this reaction of grace, not to me, who had not uttered a single
petition for the old goat.

From time to time William had queer experiences with the political
element in his churches.  This is composed usually, not of bad men, but
of men who have Democratic or Republican immortalities.  Apt as not the
leading steward would be the manager of the political machine in that
particular community.  There was Brother Miller, for example, at
Hartsville, a splendid square-looking man, with a strong face, a still
eye, and an impeccable testimony at "experience" meetings.  He held up
William's hands for two years without blinking, and professed the
greatest benefits from his sermons.  No man could pray a more
open-faced, self-respecting prayer, and not one was more conscientious
in the discharge of his duties to the church and the pastor.  It never
seemed to disturb him that the portion of the community which was
opposed to the "machine" that elected everything from the village
coroner to the representative, regarded him as the most debauched and
unscrupulous politician in that part of the State.  He simply accepted
this as one of his crosses, bore it bravely, and went on perfecting his
remarkably perfect methods for excluding all voters who did not vote
for his candidate.  He would confide in William sundry temptations he
had, enlisted his sympathy and admiration because of the struggle he
professed to have in regard to strong drink, although he never actually
touched intoxicants, but never once did he mention or admit his real
besetting sin.  He was willing to repent of everything else, but not of
his politics.  And St. Paul himself could not have dragged him across
the Democratic party line in that county, not even if he had showed him
the open doors of Heaven.

I do not know what is to become of such Christians.  The country is
full of them, and if they cause as many panics and slumps and anxieties
in the next world as they do in this one we shall have a lot more
trouble there than we have been led to believe from reading Revelations.



I have had little to say about the joy of William, although he was one
of the most joyful men I have ever known.  The reason is I never
understood it.  His joy was not natural like mine (in so far as I had
any)--it was supernatural, and not at all dependent upon the actual
visible circumstance about him.  It used to frighten me sometimes to
face the last month before quarterly conference with only two dollars,
half a sack of flour and the hock end of a ham.  But then it was that
William rose to the heights of a strange and almost exasperating
cheerfulness.  He could see where he was going plainer.  Our extremity
gave him an opportunity to trust more in the miracles of providence,
and that afforded him the greatest pleasure.  He was never weary of
putting his faith to the test.  He was like a strong wrestling Jacob,
going about looking for new angels to conquer.  And I am bound to
confess that his Lord never really failed him, although he sometimes
came within five minutes of doing so.

One Sabbath, I remember, he had an appointment at a church ten miles
distant where he was to begin a protracted meeting.  At the last moment
his horse went lame.  It so happened that some weeks previous William
had overreached himself in a horse trade.  He had swapped an irritable
crop-eared mare for a very handsome animal who proved to have a gravel
in one of his fore feet.  This horse would lay his tail over the
dashboard and travel like inspiration for days at a time up and down
the long country roads; then, suddenly, if there was a hurried message
to go somewhere to comfort a dying man or preach his funeral, the
creature would begin to limp as if he never expected to use but three
legs again.  I believe William suspected the devil had something to do
with this diabolical gravel, for he never gave way to impatience as a
natural man would have done in such a predicament.  Upon the occasion I
have mentioned, he helped the old hypocrite back into the stable with a
mildness that exasperated me as I watched with my hat on from the
window, for it was already past the time when we should have started.

"Silas is too lame to travel to-day," said he a moment later as he
entered the kitchen.

"But what will you do, William?" I exclaimed, provoked in spite of
myself at his serenity.  "It will be dreadful if you miss your
appointment at the beginning of the meeting."

"I can do nothing but pray.  Mine is the Lord's work.  Doubtless he
will provide a way for me to get to it," he answered, withdrawing into
the parlor and closing the door after him.

I knew that meant wrestling with one of the traveling angels, and held
my tongue, but the natural temper in my blood was not so easily
controlled.  I flopped down in the chair, laid my head upon the window
sill and yielded to tears.  I was far along in my middle years then,
but never to the end did I get accustomed to the stubbornness of
William's faith.  I always wanted to do something literal and effective
myself in the emergency.  I seemed to be made so that I couldn't look
to God for help until I had worn myself out.

While I sat there, in a sort of tearful rage with William and the
horse, there was a sound of wheels at the front gate.  I arose, hastily
wiping my eyes, and was just in time to face William's smiling
countenance in the parlor doorway.

"Mary, Sister Spindle is not well, and Brother Spindle has driven by to
offer us seats in his carriage."

Brother Spindle was the only man in the community who owned a carriage
and horses.  I flung my arms around William's neck and whispered:

"Forgive me, William, I never can get used to it that the Lord is
illogically and incredibly good to you.  But I am glad to tag along
after you in His mercies."

He had a gentle way of enjoying these triumphs over me.  He would cast
the blue beam of his eye humorously over me, and then kiss me as if I
was still young and beautiful.

Never in all our married life did he get the best of me in an argument.
His arguing faculty was not highly developed.  It was easier to silence
him than to stir him into opposing speech.  But whenever he entered the
sacred parsonage parlor and closed the door after him, I always knew he
would have the best of me one way or another when he came out.

But it was not this faith in prayer that confused me most, it was the
answers that William, and others like him, received to their prayers.
We never went to any church where there was not at least one man or
woman who knew, actually knew, how to reach his or her empty hands up
to God and get them filled.  And they were always people of rare
dignity in the community, although some of them bordered on the
simplicity of childhood mentally.

I recall in this connection Sister Carleton.  She was a very old woman
who seemed to have settled down to be mostly below her waist.  Her
shoulders were thin, her bosom flat, but she widened out in the hips
amazingly.  Her face was the most beautifully wrinkled countenance I
ever beheld.  Every line seemed to enhance some celestial quality in
her expression.  And she had the dim look of the very old after they
begin to recede spiritually from the ruthlessness of mere realities.
She had palsy and used to sit in the Amen Corner of the church at
Eureka, gently, incessantly wagging her lovely old head beneath a
little black horseshoe bonnet that was tied under her chin with long
black ribbons.  Sabbath after Sabbath, year after year she was always
to be seen there, sweetly abstracted like an old saint in a dream.  She
had one thought, one purpose left in life.  This was to live to see all
of her "boys saved."  These were three middle-aged men, all of whom had
been wild in their youth.  Her one connection now with the church was
expressed, not by any personal interest in the preacher or his sermons,
but in this thought for her children.  Some time during every
experience meeting we always knew that Sister Carleton would rise
trembling to her feet, steady herself with both hands on the bench in
front of her, look about her vaguely and ask the prayers of "all
Christian people" that her boys might repent and be saved from their
sins.  They were already excellent and prosperous citizens and
remarkable for their devotion to her, but she was not the woman to
mince matters.  They had not been converted, therefore she prayed for
them as if they were still dead in their trespasses and sins.

The first year of William's ministry in this place the two younger sons
were converted and joined the church, but the oldest still "held out,"
as the saying was.  In fact, he stayed out of the church literally,
never coming to any service.

The next year Sister Carleton had grown very feeble, but at a
consecration meeting held one afternoon before the regular revival
service at night, she appeared as usual.  Before the closing hymn she
arose, clasped her old hands over the back of the bench in front of her
and made her last petition for the "prayers of all Christian people."

"Brother Thompson," she concluded in the deep raucous voice of extreme
age, "I have prayed for my youngest boy fifty years, and for my second
boy fifty-two years, and for my oldest son nearly sixty years.  The two
youngest air saved now, but t'other is still out of the fold.  I ain't
losin' faith, but I'm gittin' tired.  Seems as if I couldn't hold out
much longer.  But I can't go till Jimmy is saved.  I ain't got nothin'
else keepin' me but that."  She paused, looked about her as if she felt
a memory brush past.  "When he was jest a little one, no higher 'an
that, he was afeerd of the dark.  I always had to set by him till he
was asleep.  And now, seems as if I couldn't leave him for good out in
the dark.  I want to ast you to pray, not that he may be converted, but
that he may be converted this very night.  I ain't got time to wait no
longer--seems as if I'm jest obliged to git still and rest soon."

She sank back upon the bench, and I wondered what William would do.  I
never was prepared for the audacity of his faith.  But that was one
kind of dare he never took.

"Sister Carleton," he replied, "I feel that your prayer will be
answered.  I've got the faith to believe your son will come here
tonight and be saved from his sins."

I wished that he had not been so definite.  I felt that it would have
been wiser to give some general expression of hope.  I feared the
effects upon the rest of the congregation and upon William, when we
returned for the night service and James Carleton should not be there
even, and I was sure he would not be.  I reckon first and last I must
have halved the strength of William's faith by my lack of faith.

The truth is so bold, so absurd from the present worldly point of view
that I almost hesitate to write it here.  James Carleton was present at
the evening service.  He was the first man to reach the altar when the
invitation to penitents was given.  He was soundly converted, and lived
a changed life from that hour.

The next night Sister Carleton was not in her accustomed place for the
first time in nearly forty years.  A month later she passed away,
having already received the joy of her reward in the salvation of her

I have noticed that rich people do not have this kind of faith in
prayer.  They want, as a rule, only those things that can be bought
with money, and they buy them.  I have never seen a rich father nearly
so anxious for the salvation of his children as he was for their
success in the world.  And the same thing has been my observation in
regard to rich mothers.  Sometimes they pray for their sons and
daughters, but they do not often mean what they pray, and God knows it,
for he never horrifies one of them by granting their prayer.

Still, there is a kind of sacrilegious confidence in prayer that always
offended some delicacy in me, and William felt it too, only he never
learned how to condemn it.  His sense of reverence was not sufficiently
discriminating.  And there was an occasion where I had to rid him and
his congregation of this sublimated form of spiritual indecency.

As I have said, we were sent now to small stations, village churches,
or mission churches in the factory edges of the big cities.  But
William's years, the hardships and anxieties, both earthly and
unearthly, to which he had been exposed began to tell on his strength.
And the year we were at Springdale as the summer came on he felt
unequal to conducting the usual six weeks' protracted meeting without
help.  And while six weeks may seem a long time to hold such services,
it is really a very short time for people to get revived and
heaven-minded in when all the rest of the year they have been otherwise
minded.  The wonder to me was that men who had driven hard bargains and
hated some one or more neighbors for ten months; that women who had
given themselves over to the littleness and lightness of a small
fashionable life in a small town, or to gossip about those who did,
could so quickly recover their moral and spiritual standards in a

I remember that it was William's custom, as soon as there was the least
interest manifested, to have a very searching service for his church
members in which he called upon all those who were at enmity with one
another to rectify whatever wrong they had committed and to be
reconciled.  Nearly always some stiff-necked steward had had a row with
somebody else, apt as not a sinner.  He would be expected to go out and
find the man, whoever it was, and patch up the difficulty, and to
report at the next service.  I can see now the old spiritual hard-heads
in William's congregations with whom, year in and year out, he had the
greatest trouble.  They always managed to "fall out with somebody"
between revivals.  But nothing in or out of the Kingdom of Heaven would
make one of them admit he was in the wrong or induce him to go to the
other person and attempt a reconciliation.  The most you could get out
of any one of them would be that if his enemy came to him and asked his
pardon, he was willing to "forgive him!"  If the said enemy was a good
natured fellow, William usually managed to get him to make this
concession, otherwise the old hard-head remained cold and aggrieved
through out the revival, maybe casting a damper over the whole meeting:
a figure in the Amen corner at which the young unregenerated sinners
would point the finger of scorn and accusation when they were implored
to repent and believe and behave themselves.

No one who has not been through it can understand how heartbreaking all
this is to the preacher and how wearing on his human nerves.  There
have been times when I should have been almost willing to see William
lose patience and expend about two pages of fierce Plutonian vocabulary
on some old stumbling-block in the church.  But he never did.  And it
will serve them right if the ten thousand prayers he made, asking God
to soften their obdurate hearts, are registered against them somewhere
in the debit column of the Book of Life.

Thus, I say, it came to pass that William was wearing out and no longer
able to get through a protracted meeting alone.  So at Springdale, he
engaged Brother Dunn to come and help him.

Brother Dunn was what may be called a professional evangelist.  We had
never seen him, but he had a reputation for being "wonderfully
successful" with sinners.  And if sinners made a ripe harvest
Springdale was as much in need of reapers as any place we had ever
been.  You might have inferred that the original forbidden fruit-tree
flourished in the midst of it, the people were so given to frank,
straightforward sinning of the most naïvely primitive character.

I never knew how William felt, but I was not favorably impressed with
Brother Dunn when he arrived on the late evening train, a frisky,
dapper young man, who looked in the face as if his light was turned too
high.  That night as he preceded us up the aisle of the church, which
was crowded to hear him, he showed to my mind a sort of irreverent
confidence in the grace of God.

The service that followed was indescribable in any religious language,
or even in any secular language.  Brother Dunn brought his own
hymn-books with him and distributed them in the congregation with an
activity and conversational freedom that made him acquainted at once.
The hymns proved to be nursery rhymes of salvation set to what may be
described as lightly spinning dicky-bird music.  Anybody could sing
them, and everybody did, and the more they sang the more cheerful they
looked, but not repentant.  The service was composed mostly of these
songs interspersed now and then with wildly excruciating exhortations
from Brother Dunn to repent and believe.  He explained, with an
occasional "ha! ha!" how easy it was to do, and there is no denying
that the altar was filled with confused young people who knelt and hid
their eyes and behaved with singular reverence under the circumstances.

The cheating began when Brother Dunn attempted to make them "claim the
blessing."  He induced half a dozen young girls and two or three youths
to "stand up and testify" that their sins had been forgiven, simple
young creatures who had no more sense of the nature of sin or the depth
of genuine repentance than field larks.

Later he frisked home with us, praising God in little foolish words,
and rejoicing over the success of the service.  Shortly after he
retired to his room we heard a great commotion punctuated with staccato
shouts.  William hurried to the door to inquire what the trouble was.
He discovered Brother Dunn hopping about the room in his night-shirt,
slapping his palms together in a religious frenzy.  He declared that as
he prayed by his bed a light had appeared beside him.

William tried to look cheerful and blessed, but there is one thing I
can always say for him, he was an honest man in dealing with the most
illusive and deceptive things men have ever dealt in, that is,
spiritual values, and the more he observed Brother Dunn, the more his
misgivings increased.

The next morning I met the evangelist in the hall.

"Hallelujah!" he exclaimed.

"What for?" I demanded coldly.

He gave some stammering reply.  But that was the beginning of the end
of his spiritual peace in our house.  After that I consistently
punctured his ecstasies, quoting some of the sternest Scriptures I
could remember to confound him.

William remonstrated with me.  He said Dunn said my lack of
spirituality "depressed him."

"And, William, his lack of reverence incenses me.  If you don't get rid
of that cotton haloed evangelist everybody in this town will claim a
'blessing' without repenting or being converted," I replied.

Fortunately Dunn dismissed himself.  He said that it was impossible to
have a revival in such an atmosphere.  He implied as plainly as he
could that he was sorry for William, accepted the sum of ten dollars
which had been promised him for his services and left.

I have never known what to think of such preachers.  No one who ever
knew one can doubt his sincerity.  But they cultivate a kind of
spiritual idiocy and frenzy that is more damaging to souls than any
amount of hypocrisy.

I have always been thankful that the joy of William in the religious
life was a stern and great thing, no more resembling this lightness,
this flippancy than integrity resembles folly.



What we call history is a sorry part of literature, confined to a few
great wars and movements in national life and to the important events
in the lives of a few important people.  The common man has never
starred his rôle in it.  Therefore, it has never been written according
to the scientific method.  It is simply the spray--the big
splash--humanity throws up as it goes down in the sea forever.  It is
what most of us do and what we think perishes with us, leaving not a
record behind of the little daily deeds and wingflappings of our
spirits that really make us what we are.  This is why we make so little
progress.  The history of the great majority is never compiled for
reference.  We are always bunched in a paragraph, while the rest of the
chapter is given to his Excellency the President, or some other
momentary figure of the times.

Nobody knows exactly how the planters of Thomas Jefferson's day lived.
We must depend upon fiction to give a sort of romantic impression of
it.  And fifty years from now no one will know how the farmers and
brickmasons, grocers and merchants, managed their affairs in our own
times.  We shall be obliged to accept the sensational accounts left by
a few wild-eyed, virus-brained socialists.

I do not know that I ought to pretend to rescue the class to which
William belonged from the same kind of oblivion.  But by keeping
memories of the little daily things in life a preacher's wife learns
some curious facts about the nature of a priest--facts that should
enable the reader to make profitable comparisons between those of the
old and those of the new order, and to determine which is the real
minister and which is not.

One thing I discovered was that you cannot domesticate a preacher like
William on this earth in this life.  A woman might get married to him
and hang like a kissing millstone about his neck; she might sew on his
buttons, bear children for him, teach him to eat rolled oats, surround
him with every evidence, privilege and obligation of strong earthly
ties and a home; but he will not live there in his spirit.  He belongs
neither to his wife, nor to his children, nor to the civilization of
his times.  He belongs to God, and not to a god tamed and diminished by
modern thought, but to The God, the one who divided the light from
darkness, who actually did create Adam and Eve and blow His breath into
them, who accepted burnt offerings sometimes, and who caused flowers to
bloom upon the same altars between times.

So William never really belonged in his own house with his own body,
his own wife and his breakfast, though he often rested there and seemed
to enjoy the latter.  He was more at home in the Psalms.  I will not
say he went so far as Jehovah, but when he was in a Leviticus frame of
mind very few of the minor prophets satisfied his cravings for the
awful.  The gentle springtime of his heart was when he took up with
Saint John in the New Testament.  He never professed the intimate
fellow-feeling I have heard some conceited preachers express for Saint
Paul.  He was not a great man; he was just a good one and too much of a
gentleman to thrust himself upon a big saint like Paul, even in his

And I do not know which has been the greatest influence in making me
what I am: the sense of reverence I had for him and his high Bible
company, or the sense of bereavement I had when, having fed him and
warmed him, he was still "not at home" with me, but following some
pillar of cloud in his thoughts toward his great God's far eternity.  A
woman is a very poor creature.  I think she hankers more for just love
than she does for Heaven.  I don't know how she will get on in a place
where there is neither marrying nor giving in marriage.  It's bound to
be hard on her if the Lord does not give her something more than a harp
and a golden crown with which to fill the aching void she is sure to
have somewhere under her breast feathers.

But no one can say that I did not stand by William through the entire
widowhood of my marriage.  I was the world compass of his life, always
sitting in his amen corner with my attention fixed anxiously upon the
spiritual pulse of the congregation, always giving him the most
nourishing food our limited means afforded, always standing between him
and sordid dickering with the butcher and candlestick maker, always
making myself a Chinese wall to separate him on sermon-making days from
the church public.

Many a time I have taken my hands out of the biscuit dough to meet a
steward who was determined to see him about the increased foreign
mission assessment, or it might be the Sunday-school superintendent
come to discuss the May picnic.  I could usually pacify the steward and
put off the superintendent, but if it was a messenger from some remote
neighborhood on the circuit come to say that Brother Beatem was dead
and the family wanted Brother Thompson to conduct the funeral services
next morning at the nearest Methodist church I would be obliged to give
in, even if William was in the very heat of spiritual constructions.
For a funeral is a thing that cannot be put off.  The corpse will not
endure it, nor the family, either, for that matter.  They want the
preacher to be on hand promptly with all the laurels of language to
bestow upon their dead in the funeral wreath discourse.

And this brings me to mention a peculiarity of "surviving relatives" as
a class.  They demand that the pastor of the dead man or woman shall
furnish him his titles to mansions in the sky, whether he deserves them
or not.  Even if Brother Beatem was a mean man who neglected his wife
and children, cheated his neighbors, abused his horse and failed to
support the church, he must have a funeral that praised him for a
saint.  And if the pastor failed to do this the surviving relatives
whom the dead man had victimized every day he lived would be the first
to resent it.

I never knew but one pastor who told the truth in a funeral sermon, and
he had to be "moved" immediately by his presiding elder.  The whole
community regarded it as one of the most brutal outrages that had ever
been perpetrated in their midst.  As for William, there was something
sublime in the way he permitted his mind to skip the facts and stir his
imagination when he preached a funeral.  The curious part of it was, he
believed what he said, and generally by the time he had finished nearly
everyone else believed it.  There were occasions, of course, when he
was disgracefully duped by the "surviving relatives."  However, I pass
over a thousand little epitaphs of memory and come to our last years in
the itinerancy.  And it is curious how life winds itself into a circle,
like the trail a lost man makes in the desert.  After a few years as
pastor of village churches, William was sent back to the country
circuits.  He was failing some, and, of course, younger and more
progressive men were needed in the villages--preachers who could keep
up with the committee-meeting times in modern church life.  And I am
obliged to admit William was a poor church committeeman.  Occasionally
he would go off to see an old sick woman or some barren fig-tree man
who was not even a member of the church, and forget all about an
important committee meeting on the brotherhood of man.  This would give
offense to some of the people in the church, who, in turn, would
complain that he was not sufficiently interested in spreading the

As I have said before, William was a good man, but he was neither
brilliant nor enterprising, as we understand these terms nowadays.  He
never did get it into his head that salvation could be furnished a
dying world through a thorough organization of it into committees that
furnished not only the salvation, but also the goat districts which had
to receive this salvation as fast as it was offered.  It was as simple
as commerce and as naïve as a rich man's charity, but William couldn't
see it.  Somehow, he was secretly opposed to it.  He was for catching
every goat separately and feeding him on truth and tenderness till he
turned into a lamb.  It was no use to argue that this required too much
time and would take an eternity to get the world ready for Heaven.  He
refused to think of immortal souls as if they were bunches of heathen
cattle, or slum cattle, that must be got into the salvation market on
the hoof as soon as possible.

As he grew older, more set in his ways, he became a trifle contrary
about it, like a thorny old priest who has received private orders from
his God to go on seeking his lost lambs one at a time.  Once he
insulted a man who came to him about the Laymen's Movement which is
organized to convert the world to Christianity in this generation and
probably before Christmas.

"We can do it if we have faith enough!" said he.

"No, you can't!" retorted William.  "Not unless the heathens get faith
enough to believe, and faith is a thing you cannot send out through the
mails as if it was sample packages of patent medicine!"

Such talk as that sent him back to the circuits, where there were the
same old fashions in sleeves and headgear for women, and where he could
take his text from Jonah's gourd if he chose, without exciting the
higher critical faculties of his congregation.

It was harder on us in some ways.  I never could understand why the old
preachers who have got rheumatism in their knees, and maybe lumbago
besides, should be sent back to the exposure of all weathers on the
circuits, while the young ones with plenty of oil in their joints
fatten in the more comfortable charges.  And I am not the one to say
with resignation that it is "all right."  Still, the good God evens
things up in wonderful ways.

William got so stiff in his legs toward the last that he had to stand
up to pray; but we had come back to the region of simplicities, where
there were just three elements to consider and put together in his
sermons--Man, his field and his God, and they were only separated by a
little grass, a few stars and the creation light and darkness of days
and nights.  When a man gets as near home as that he does not mind the
pains in his mere body.  At least William never complained.

Looking back, I think he was at his best about the time he went back to
the real circuit itinerancy.  He had the glory of presence.  Faith, I
think, gave him a halo.  You could not see it, but you could feel it,
and in this connection I recall an illustration of the difference
between such a halo and the "aura" we hear so much about these days
from people who think they are interested in psychic phenomena, but who
are really psychic epileptics.

We were on a circuit which included a summer resort, and the varieties
of diseases among patients in a sanitarium are as nothing compared to
the mental, moral, spiritual and physical disorders to be found among
the class who frequent "springs." To this place came a "New Thoughter"
who was always in a spiritual sweat about her "astral shape."  She
manifested a condescending interest in the Sunday services at our
church, which finally led her to call on William one afternoon at the
parsonage.  She was a dingy little blonde, with a tight forehead and a
thin nose.  William was sitting alone in the peace of his spirit behind
the morning-glory vines on the front porch.  Providence had wisely
removed me to the sewing-machine inside the adjoining room.

The sense of humor in me has never been converted, and there were
occasions when it was best for me not to be too literally present when
William was examining the spiritual condition of some puzzled soul.  He
had risen and provided her with a chair and sat down opposite,
regarding her with a hospitable blue beam in his eyes.  She had the
fatal facility for innocuous expression common to her class.  All the
time I knew William was waiting like an experienced fisherman for a
chance to swing his net on her side of the boat.  The poor man did not
dream that she was one of those unfortunate persons who has swapped her
real soul for a Hindu vagary.  But presently she let it out.

"Mr. Thompson," she continued, without a rhetorical pause to indicate
the decimal points between her thoughts, "I was interested in what you
said about immortality last Sunday.  Now, I wonder if you know it is an
actual fact that by breathing rhythmically thirty times, counting three
while you inhale, three while you exhale and three while you hold your
breath, you can actually get into touch at once with your astral shape?"

William fumbled in his pocket for his glasses, deliberately put them on
and then regarded her over the steel rims.  I could see the Jehovah
crest of his spirit erect itself as he replied with divine dignity:

"Madam, I do not know what you mean by your astral shape, but I do not
have to pant like a lizard to keep in touch with my soul!"

But she bore with him, showing far more calmness than he as she went on
to describe the wonderful power of spirit she had developed.  She had
even gone so far, she said, as a matter of experiment, to "put her
thought" upon the unborn child of a friend, and when the child came it
was not like its own mother or father, but her exact image.  Now, she
declared, she was sure it was her own "thought" child.  And what was
more convincing still, she had at last attained to a "sky-blue
aura"--she added this with an indescribable air of triumph.  William
tightened his spectacles on his nose, drew his face close and stared at
her with the sort of scandalized sunsmile Moses must have worn the
first time he caught sight of the golden calf.

"Madam," he exclaimed after a dreadful inquisitive silence, "I can see
no signs of an aura, either blue or otherwise; but if you actually did
try to steal another woman's child with your thoughts you have been
guilty of an unimaginable meanness, and you should go down on your
knees to Almighty God for forgiveness!"

But William was never at his best when he was brought into contrast
morally or intellectually with the temporary illusions of modern times.
They cast him "out of drawing" and gave him a look of the grotesque, as
a great and solemn figure on a vaudeville stage suggests the comical.
He belonged to a time when the scriptures of men's hearts had not
suffered the moderation and sacrilege of the sense of humor.  He had a
mind illumined with the old Eden figures of speech, and loved to refer
to the "thick bosses of Jehovah's buckler."

There were occasions, indeed, when I could not preserve a proper inner
reverence for his favorite hymns, as, for example, when he would be
standing during a revival season behind an altar heavily laden with
"dying souls" who had come up for prayers.  In order to interpret for
them a proper frame of mind he would sometimes choose one of Watts'
famous hymns.  He would stand with his feet wide apart, his fingers
interlaced, palms downward, eyes lifted in anguished supplication and
sing in his great organ bass:

  "Inspire a feeble worm to rush into Thy Kingdom, Lord,
    And take it as by storm!"

Still, if you do not dwell upon the vision of the suddenly valorous
worm, the words express a higher form of courage than that denoted in
Matthew Arnold's famous poem, "The Last Word;" and I have seen many a
"worm" rise shouting from the altar rail under their inspired meaning.
The sense of humor has, in my opinion, very little to do with poetry or
salvation.  It belongs entirely to the critical human faculties, and I
have found it one of the greatest limitations in my own spiritual
development.  And as time went on I was more and more convinced that
this was an evidence of a lower imaginative faculty in me rather than
in him.  He had less humor, but he had infinitely more of the grace
that belongs to immortality.  He had a spirit that withstood adversity,
hardship, failure, with a sort of ancient dignity and that could face
tragedy with Promethean fortitude.  And I love best to think of him in
relation to the bare and awful sorrows that show so nakedly in the
lives of poor, simple folk.  I can see him now in the dismal twilight
of one winter evening, as he started on that strange mission to Mrs.
Martin, looking like an old, weatherbeaten angel breasting a storm.
The wide brim of his black hat flared up from his face in the wind, his
long, gray beard was blown over the shoulders of his greatcoat.  He had
started without his muffler.  I ran out to fetch it and, winding it
about his neck, I saw the blue bloom of Heaven in his eyes, that always
turned young when he was on his way to roll the stones away from the
door of some sinner's heart.

"William," I cried, "it's going to be an awful night; don't go--she is
not a member of your church."

[Illustration: "It's Going To Be an Awful Night; Don't Go--She Is Not a
Member of Your Church."]

"Nor of any other; but she is all the more in need of help," he
replied, putting his foot in the stirrup to mount his horse.

Mrs. Martin was a vague little woman, superstitious about dreams, a
widow, who lived with her two small children in a thickly-populated
neighborhood about a stone quarry.  The day before, the community had
been shocked to learn from some one who happened in just in time to
prevent the tragedy that Mrs. Martin had gone suddenly insane and had
tried to murder both of her children.  She must go to the asylum, of
course; but pending the preliminary trial for lunacy she lay silent on
her bed with staring, horrified eyes, surrounded by watchful neighbors.
Suddenly toward night she had grown restless and had implored them to
send for the Methodist preacher.  To quiet her the messenger had come,
and William made haste to go to her.

He found her sitting the very figure of desolation in the midst of her
bed, with her face thinned and whitened to the little white hull of a
prayer.  The moment she was alone with him she poured forth such a tale
of degradation as rarely passes the lips of a woman.  Since a year
after her husband's death she had been the mistress of the manager of
the quarry.  She had lived in the most atrocious debauchery for years;
no one had suspected, and she had not suffered a qualm.  But two nights
since she had gone to the bed where her two little girls lay asleep,
and suddenly it had come upon her that she was to be discovered, now
very soon, not by strangers, but by her own children growing old enough
to observe and understand.  Moreover, that her degradation would become
theirs.  And then it came--the horror that had convinced her the only
way out was to kill them and afterward herself.  Now, what was to be
done?  She was not insane.  She was just a sinner who felt obliged to
be damned!

God had at least a dozen ways of inspiring William, and not all of them
orthodox.  Instead of harrowing this woman with a prayer he took on a
competent executive air.

"You are to do nothing," he told her, "and be sure you do not confess
your sin to anyone else.  Leave everything to me.  We will see about
the forgiveness later; now you are to rest and not think till I get the
way clear for your feet."  He went out, told the attendants that Mrs.
Martin was not insane, but had suffered a shock and would now be all
right.  They thought he had achieved a miracle when they had returned
to the room and found her weeping like any other sane woman.

Before daylight he had escorted the manager of the quarry to the
nearest railway station with instructions never to return, so
emphatically given that he never did.  He prayed earnestly for the
unfortunate woman himself, but he forbade her to pray for herself until
long afterward, when she had resumed existence upon the simple basis of
being the innocent mother of her innocent children.

"If she begins to agonize in prayer," he explained to me, "she will go
mad again.  So soon as she recovers from the insanity of evil she may
pray, but not now."



I have often wondered what a writer of fiction would have made out of
such a story.  As a matter of fact, the woman is living to-day, highly
respected, serenely proud of her two grown daughters; and I believe
William simply covered up her sin so deep with his wisdom that she has
forgotten it.  His Methodist doctrinal closet has more than one
skeleton like this in it.

"Repentance is not remorse," he used to argue upon rare occasions when
I dragged them out.  "Mrs. Martin could not make the proper
distinction.  God understood."

I have no doubt his conference would have fired him for fathering very
curious heresies, if all his doings with sinners had been published.
There was the apostate, for example, whom he tried to save at the
expense of one of the doctrines of his church.  Just as Baptists
believe in "election" and Presbyterians in predestination, the
Methodists believe in apostasy--that is, that God will forsake a man
and never answer his prayers if the man waits too long before he begins
to pray; and that if after he has been converted he leaves the way of
righteousness there is always danger that God will abandon him in his

A most desperate situation is that of the Methodist apostate, because
there is so much elasticity about grace in our church, and it is so
easy to fall from it that a modest man is, by the very delicacy and
humility of his spirit, apt to fall under the delusion that God has had
enough patience with him, that he has "sinned away his day of grace."

I recall the day William came home and burned seven of his best sermons
on such texts as this: "The soul that sinneth it shall die."  It was
after he had read the burial service over the body of Philip Hale, who
killed himself because he had "lost God and could not find Him."  Hale
had been a Methodist, brought up in that faith literally by parents who
had had him baptized when he was an infant and who had kept the promise
made then to bring him up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.
They did, and he was converted at an early age before the tide of
adolescence set in.  It seems that he "sinned away his day of grace"
during this dangerous period.

When William came on the circuit where he lived he was a sad,
middle-aged man who spent much of his spare time looking for God and
praying for the witness of His Spirit.  His was the most tragic figure
I ever saw in the house of God.  He was a large, dark man with a
blasted look on his somber face.  For years it was said that he was the
first to accept the invitation to sinners to the altar for prayers and
the last to leave it, always with that lost look--never blessed, never
forgiven.  William stood before him powerless.  He could cast no light
in that darkness; it was literally the outer darkness where light
cannot be created.  Toward the end of a revival, during which he had
wandered back and forth from the altar night after night like a dazed
sleepwalker, he went out and shot himself.

The fate of this man was one of the tragedies in William's life.  He
must have had much the same feeling toward him that a surgeon feels
toward a patient who dies on the operating table.  If he had survived
he would have lived.  I never heard him preach after that about the
"dead line" in the spiritual life.

One thing impressed me even more than it did William: he never was able
to reach the chief sinners in his congregation.  Some of them sat in
such high places in the church--perhaps behind him in the pulpit.
Compared with these the reprobates on the back benches were easily
stirred and awakened to a sense of their lost condition.  Sometimes one
of these members would confess to feeling "cold" spiritually, but I do
not now recall a single one who really confessed his sins or renounced

Suppose a steward owns a big flour mill and can afford to pay the
preacher liberally, bear more than his share of the "assessments," and
own an automobile besides, because he cheats every customer out of a
few ounces of real flour by substituting "fancy flour."  What shall he
do--sacrifice the auto and the church "causes"?  He never does, because
at bottom he has a sneaking conviction that the auto in particular is
worth more than his kind of a soul, and he is shockingly correct in his
estimate of values.  If there really are any apostates in this world
they belong to this spiritually-refrigerated class to be found in every
religious denomination.

But if he did not close in often with the chief sinners, William
occasionally came upon a rare saint.  I mean "rare" in the scientific,
spiritual sense--that is, different, moving in time, but not of it--the
unconscious prophet of a new order in the souls of mankind.  And it was
a grand sight to see him measure the sword of his spirit with one of

The last encounter he had of this kind, I remember, was on the Bowtown
Circuit not long before he was superannuated, and it was with a woman.
She was called Sal Prout.  The omission of the last syllable of her
given name implied social ostracism and personal contempt.  And she
deserved both, having been a notorious woman in her younger days.  We
heard of her first from Brother Rheubottom.  He was the shriveled,
grizzled local preacher who furnished a kind of gadfly gospel to the
church at Bowtown when he was invited to fill the pulpit, which was no
oftener than could be helped.  He called to tell William about the
"Prout woman" before we had had time to unpack our clothes and

"She's been a terrible creature," he explained, wagging his hard old
hickorynut head and clawing his beard with a kind of spiritual rapacity
for devouring the worst of Sal's character.

"She's done more harm than a dozen wildcat stills.  Then all at once,
here about five years ago she turned good, 'lowed she'd heerd from God.
It was blasphemous.  Seems she hadn't went to church since she was a
gal.  I don't say she ain't behavin' herself and all that, but 'tain't
orthodox for a person like that to jest set down before her do' in the
grass and git religion without ever goin' nigh a church and makin'
public confession of her sins--not that everybody don't know what she
has been!

"If them kind of heresies spread, where will the church be?  What's the
use of havin' churches?  We want you to go down there and 'tend to her,
Brother Thompson.  Some folks in this community have been worried ever
since she done it.

"We ain't satisfied with her experience after the way she's carried
on--talks as if she'd found God as easy as if she'd been an innocent
child, when some of us that have lived honorable and decent all our
lives had to mourn and repent and take on like a house afire before we
could claim the blessin'."

"I'll look into Sister Prout's condition as soon as possible, Brother
Rheubottom," said William, folding one long leg over the other and
fidgeting in his chair, because he wanted to be back at his
bookshelves, settling the relations of his commentaries for the coming

"She ain't even a sister," retorted our visitor, who had risen and was
on his way to the door.  "She's never j'ined the church.  When somebody
named it to her as a duty if she'd repented of her sins she jest
laughed and said she wouldn't.  Not bein' respectable enough to belong
in with church folks she 'lowed she'd stay outside with the wicked
where she belonged and not embarrass nobody by settin' by 'em in
church.  'Lowed she reckoned she could find enough to do out there
instead of 'h'isting herself up with respectable women in the foreign
missionary society.'  That's the way she talks, Brother Thompson, and
there can't nobody stop her!"

Bowtown was an ugly little streaked mountain village that followed the
windings of the country road for half a mile and then gave out.  The
last house was not a house at all, but an old box car.  And this was
the home of Sal Prout.  But she denied that it was a box car, with a
hundred fanciful deceptions.  First, it was whitewashed within and
without; second, it was covered with house vines; third, the dooryard
smiled at you from the face of a thousand flowers, like a Heavenly
catechism of color.  But go as often as we would we never found Sal at
home.  She was busy with the wicked.  She could do anything from
pulling fodder to nursing a teething baby, and all you had to do to get
her was to need her.

This was how we came to meet her at last.  William's health was failing
fast now, and he got down with sciatica that spring.  He had been in
bed a month; the people on the circuit began to show they were
disappointed in not having an active man who could fill his
appointments, and I was tired and discouraged with being up so much at
night and with anxiety for fear William would have to give up his work.

A preacher in our church cannot get even the little it affords from the
superannuate fund until he has been on the superannuate list a year;
and if he gives up his work in the middle of the previous year that
means he must go, say, eighteen months without resources.  That is a
long time when you have not been able to save anything, and when you
are old and sick.  So, I was sitting in the kitchen door of the
parsonage one morning after William had had a particularly bad night,
wondering what God was going to do about it, for I knew we could not
expect help from any other source.  The agnostics may say what they
please, but if you get cornered between old age and starvation you will
find out that there is a real sure-enough good God who numbers the
remaining hairs of your head and counts the sparrows fall.  William and
I tried Him, and we know.  There were terrible times toward the last,
when we never could have made it if it had not been for just God.

And I reckon that morning was one of the times, for as I was sitting
there wondering sadly what would happen next, an immense woman came
around the corner of the house and stood before me on the doorstep.
She was past fifty years of age, and had the appearance of a dismantled
woman.  Nothing of youth or loveliness remained.  I have never seen a
face so wrecked with wrinkles, so marred with frightful histories--yet
there was a kind of fairness over all her ruins.

"I am Sal Prout," she said, and it was so deep and rich a voice that it
was as if one of the bare brown hills of the earth had spoken to me.

"And I've come to git breakfast," she added, spreading peace over her
dreadful face with an ineffable smile.  An hour later she was in
possession of William and me and the parsonage.  She was clearing up
the breakfast things when she said:

"You looked fagged; go and git some rest.  I'll take care of him,"
nodding her head toward the door of William's room.

When I awakened in the middle of the afternoon he was sitting up
against four hot-water bottles, letting her call him "Brother Billy."
That sounds scandalous, but listening from where I lay on the sofa in
the front room I could tell that they were having a duel of spirits,
and that she was taking liberties with William's theology that must
have made his guardian angel pale.  He wore his red flannel nightshirt,
had a quilt folded around his legs and one of Benson's Commentaries
open upon his knees.  His hair was bristling in fine style, and his
long beard lay like a stole upon his breast.  His hands were resting on
the arms of his chair, and he was regarding Sal, who sat in the
opposite corner openly dipping snuff, with a kind of fascinated

"The kind of faith you have in God don't do Him jestice," she was
saying.  "It's sorter infernal--it's so mean and partial.  Your God
ain't nothing but a Paradise capitalist and aristocrat--the sort of one
that fixes up a flower garden for Him and jest His saints to set in the
middle of and sing and harp on their harps, while a right smart chance
of the best folks sneak and shuffle around in the outer darkness
forever because, like me, they had no chance to be good, and so went
wrong before they knowed where they were going.  Sometimes these last
years since I had my vision of Him, I've wanted to tell you preachers
that the little ornamental divinity that you shout about ain't nothing
but a figger of speech took from the heathens and made over by heathen

"Stop!" said William, lifting one of his thin, white hands and waving
it imperatively at her.  "You must not speak irreverently.  I know you
don't mean it, but----"

"Jest answer me, this, sir--is your leg hurtin' any worse?"

"No," replied William, mollified.

"Not a mite?" she insisted.

"No, I am much easier of the pain."

"Well, then, I'm goin' to say this much more even if it strangles you:
the word God stands for something in the hearts of men and women
bigger'n a Paradise gardener with a taste for music!"

"You don't put it fair, Sister Prout," said William, aggrieved.

"I can't put it in as fine language as Saint John, if that's what you

"What is the nature of God as you see Him?"

We are made very queer by the soul, not nearly so much alike as we are
in other respects.  I saw now the same light pass over Sal's face that
I had often seen in William's, yet they could not agree about their one
Heavenly Father.

"The God I trust is the One that makes flowers like them bloom for sech
as me," she began, pointing through the window at a rose; "that lets
His rain fall in my garden same as He does in your'n; that never takes
His spite out on me for bein' what I was, but jest made it hard for me
and waited patient for me.  He's the kind of God, sir, that can change
a heart like mine from all the evil there is, and make it so I can
think good thoughts and be kind, and enjoy His hills and hear the birds
sing again, same as I used to pay attention to 'em when I was a little

She lowered her voice as if speaking of a mortal sorrow.  "There were
years and years, sir, when them little creatures were singin' all
around me every day, but I couldn't hear 'em--my deeds were so evil.  I
don't reckon you know it--livin' the little you have--but sin affects
you that way--takes away your hearin' for sweet sounds, your sight for
what is lovely.  But God, He jest kept on lettin' His birds sing for
me, and the sun riz jest as fine above the hills behind my house.  He
didn't pick at me, nor put a sign on me same as folks did of my shame,
as He could have done with a cloud or something over my house.  You
see, He'd fixed things from the foundations of the world so as they'd
work out good and not evil for us every one, beca'se He knowed we'd all
git tired and come home some time, the same as I've come.  I don't know
whether you ever found it out or not, sir, but sinners git awful tired
of sinnin'.  God knows that.  He knows they just can't keep it up

The next winter Sal Prout died of smallpox, after nursing a community
of sawmill hands farther up in the mountains who had been stricken with
the disease, and many of whom must have died but for her care.

William never recovered from that attack of rheumatism.  His legs got
well, but he did not.  He was different afterward, as if he had fallen
into a trance.  He seemed always to look and speak across a space of
which he was not conscious.  He filled his appointments after a fashion
during the remainder of the year at the Bowtown district, but he grew
increasingly forgetful of people and all earthly considerations.
Sometimes he fell to dreaming in the middle of his sermon, looking over
the heads of his congregation as if he was expecting Noah's dove to
bring him a token or Michael to blow his trumpet.  Then again he would
make his prayer longer than his sermon.  The people did not like it,
and the Presiding Elder called for his superannuation at the conference
that fall, on the grounds that Brother Thompson showed signs of
"failing powers."

Maybe he did, but it was only his mortal faculties that were failing.
To the last he retained a clear and definite knowledge of the Kingdom
of Heaven that many a man in possession of all his powers never
attains.  The great change was that he took on a melancholy attitude to



William was too dazed by the misfortune of his superannuation to think
or plan for the future.  For him there was no future.  He sat in the
chimney corner, following me about the house with his vacant eyes, but
really grieving for one of the choice, hard circuits, with its
dried-fruit salary, such as he had received for years, or remembering
the good pastoral times he had upon one in this or that year.

I have sometimes wondered what would be the moral effect upon a church
community if an old and helpless preacher like William should be sent
to it with the understanding that the church should minister to him
instead of his ministering to the church; that every saint and sinner
should be invited to contribute to his peace and comfort, even as for
years he had labored for them.  There would be less preaching, of
course, but more development in real Christian service.  An old
preacher treated in this manner would become very dictatorial, a
perfect autocrat about ordering charities for the poor and prayers for
the penitents, but would it be so bad for the church?

However, that was not my consideration now.  The Redwine Circuit was
only twenty miles distant; the little house between the two green hills
that had been the Methodist parsonage thirty years before was long
since abandoned for a shiny, green and yellow spindle-legged new
parsonage at Royden.  And while William, who had always had his home
dictated to him by the Conference, showed a pathetic apathy about
choosing one for himself, I hankered for the ragged-roof cottage with
its ugly old chimneys that had first sheltered our life together.  So
within a month the horse and buggy were sold, the cottage at Redwine
rented, and we settled in it like two crippled birds in a
half-feathered nest.

Now, for the first time since I left Edenton, a happy, thoughtless
bride, I had leisure to think just of ourselves, of our sum total, as
it were.  And I found that we were two human numerals added together
for a lifetime which made a deficit.  Yet we had not been idle or
indifferent workers.  For thirty years William had been in the
itinerancy, filling nearly every third and fourth class appointment in
his Conference.  He had preached over three thousand sermons, baptized
more than four hundred infants, received nearly four thousand souls
into membership.  He had been untiring in his efforts to raise his
assessments, and had paid more pastoral calls than half a dozen doctors
need to make in order to become famous and wealthy.

Time changed us; we grew old.  I abandoned my waist-line to Nature's
will and my face settled into the expression of a good negative that
has been blurred by too long exposure to a strong light.  Toward the
end William looked like the skin-and-bones remnant of a saint.  His
face was sunken and hollowed out till the very Wesley in him showed
through.  His beard was long and had whitened until it gave his Moses
head the appearance of coming up out of a holy mist.

So, I say, we aged; but we went on from circuit to circuit with no
other change except that when we saved enough money William bought a
new horse.  It is a terrible treadmill, and we could expect no reward
or change in this world, no promotion, no ease of mind except the ease
of prayers, which I never enjoyed as much as William did.  I had
feelings that prayers did not put down the desires that they did not
satisfy.  There were times when I almost hated prayers, when I had a
mortal aversion to Heaven and wished only that God would give me a long
earth-rest of the spirit.

We found the same kind of sinners everywhere and the same defects in
all the saints.  Sometimes I even wished some one would develop a new
sort of wickedness, a kind that would vary the dreadful monotony of
repentance and cause William to scratch his theological head for a
different kind of sermon.  But no one ever did; whether we were in the
mountains or in the towns, among the rich or the poor, the people
transgressed by the same mortal "rule of three" and fell short of the
glory of God exactly alike.

At last I came to understand that there is just one kind of sin in the
world--the sin against love--and no saints at all.  I can't say that I
was disappointed, but I was just tired of the awful upward strain of
trying to develop faculties and feelings suitable to another world in
this one.  And to make things worse, William took on a weary look after
his superannuation, like that of a man who has made a long journey in
vain.  This is always the last definition the itinerancy writes upon
the faces of its superannuates.  They are unhappy, mortified, like
honorable men who have failed in a business.  They no longer pretend to
have better health than they really have, which is the pathetic
hypocrisy they all practice toward the last when they are in annual
fear of superannuation.

So, I looked at our deficit and knew that something was wrong.  Still,
I went about the little old house and garden, trying to reconstruct the
memory of happiness and planning to spend our last days unharassed by
salvation anxieties.  I have never doubted the goodness of God, but,
things being as they are, and we being what we are, it takes a long
time for Him to work it out for us, especially in any kind of a church.
Meanwhile, I tried to find some of our old friends, only to discover
that most of them were dead.  I planted a few annuals, set some hens
and prepared to cultivate my own peace.  But William was changed.  He
had lost his courage.  Whenever the rheumatism struck him he gave in to
it with a groan.  Then he took up with Job in the Scriptures, and
before we had been back long enough for the flowers to bloom he just
turned over on his spiritual ashheap and died.

[Illustration: Then He Took Up with Job in the Scriptures.]

He is buried in the little graveyard behind Redwine Church, along with
most of the men and women to whom he preached in it thirty years ago.

I can feel that I am not setting things down right, not making the
latitude and longitude of experience clearly so that you may see as I
can when I close my eyes the staggering tombstones in the brown shadows
behind the little brown church.  But when one has been in the Methodist
itinerancy a lifetime one cannot do that.

I used to wonder why Paul, passing through all the grandest cities and
civilizations of his times, never left behind him a single description
of any of their glories, only a reference to the altar to An Unknown
God that he found in Athens; but now I know.  Paul lost the memory of
sight.  He had absent-minded eyes to the things of the world.  So it is
with the itinerant.  The earth becomes one of the stars.  I cannot
remember roads and realities.  I recall most clearly only spiritual
facts, like this: Timothy Brown was a bad man, soundly converted under
William's ministry; but how he looked, on which circuit he lived, I
have forgotten long ago.

In spite of a really well-settled, worldly mind William prayed away its
foundations during those thirty years, until now the very scene of his
passing floats a mist in memory.  I know he lay in the same house where
he had brought me on our wedding day.  Through the window in the pearl
light of the early morning there was the same freshness upon the hills,
the same streams glistening like silver maces between; there was the
same little valley below, fluted in like a cup filled with corn and
honey and bees and flowers.  The same gray farmhouses brooded close to
the earth, with children playing in the dooryards.  It was all there
the morning he died, as it had been that blue and glad morning thirty
years before; but I could not see it or feel it with him lying
stretched and still upon the bed, with the sheet drawn over his face,
and the people crowding in, whispering, shuffling, bearing the long,
black coffin among them.  I say, it is dim and blurred and I cannot
think it or write it properly.  There seemed a rime upon the
window-panes; the hills were bare, and the cup of the valley lay
drained and empty before me, with the shadow of death darkening all the
light of the day.

A very old woman, bent, shriveled down to her hull and bones, with her
thin lips sucked in between her gums, came and tugged at my sleeve.  I
recognized Sister Glory White, wearing the same look of rapacious
cheerfulness upon her bones that she used to wear upon her fat face
when she had a "body" to prepare for burial.

"Come, Sister Thompson, you must git up and go out.  We air ready to
lay him out now."

"Oh, not him!" I cried; "you have laid out so many.  Let some one else
do it!"  For I could not forget the frightful pleasure she had taken
years ago in her ghoulish office.

"And why not him?  I've helped to put away every man, woman and child
that has died in this settlement since I was grown, and I ain't goin'
to shirk my duty to Brother Thompson--not that I ever expected to do it
for him."  She babbled on, gently urging me from the room, where her
presence was the last blinding touch of horror for me.

      *      *      *      *      *      *

So far, my autobiography has been mixed with William's biography, just
as my life seems to mingle with the dust in his grave.  But I came to
an experience now of my own; unglorified by William, so strange that I
cannot explain it unless there is what may be called a reversion to
type in spirit, like this: that a person may be absolutely dominated
for years by certain influences and not only feel no antagonism to
them, but actually yield with devotion and inconceivable sacrifices,
yet, when the influence is removed and there is no longer the
love-cause for faithfulness the illusion not only passes, but the
person finds himself of his original mind and spirit, emancipated, gone
back to himself, what he really was in the beginning before the
domination began.  Such at least is as near what happened in my own
case as I can tell it.

I remained in the little house between the hills, walking about,
attending to my few wants, receiving an occasional visitor in a sort of
trance of sorrow.  William had always meant more to me than Heaven.  I
had endured poverty, prayers, persecutions and revivals for his sake.
And now I had lost him.  The very thought was immeasurable.  I wore it
for mourning.  I missed him when I looked down the bridle path into the
valley, and I missed him when I looked at the stars.  Nothing meant
anything to me without him.  Then suddenly the veil lifted.  I seemed
at last to have conceded him to what is beyond the grave.  At once my
own mind came back to me, not the humble, church-censored mind I had
during his life, but my very own, and it was like another conversion.
I remembered scenes and thoughts and faces that I had not recalled
since girlhood.  The innocent gayety of my youth came back to me, and I
recalled distinctly with what naïve, happy worldliness I faced the
world then, and not the Kingdom of Heaven that I have been staring at
since through William's eyes for thirty years.

The next Sunday I went to church as usual, but I did not go up near the
front, which had always been my custom.  It occurred to me that now I
did not have to sit in the saint neighborhood, but might sit back with
the honester human beings.  The preacher was a young man of the
progressive new order, who sustained the same relation as pastor to the
church that an ambitious foreman sustains to a business that must be
renovated and improved.  He was taking up his foreign missionary
collection very much after the manner of an auctioneer:

"Five dollars, five dollars, five dollars: who gives five dollars that
the Gospel may be spread in China and Siam?  Who gives five dollars
that there may be light in India and to save women from casting their
innocent babes into the Ganges?  Thank you, Sister Tuttle.  The women
are leading off, getting ahead of you, brethren.  Put down five dollars
from Sister Tuttle.  Now, who will give four dollars?" and so on down
till even the sinners on the back benches subscribed a rattle of dimes.
I listened with comfortable indifference.  I thought of how William
died without enough oil in him to grease his joints.  And how many more
like him had died too weak and depleted to have even "assurance" of
their own salvation.  I remembered how I wished toward the last that I
could afford a few delicacies, for William liked cordials and real
cream which might have strengthened and cheered him.  Then and there I
resolved never to give another cent to foreign missions.  I am not
opposed to foreign missions, you understand.  William and I did without
much that the heathen might have missionaries, and the gospel preached
to them.  But that is just it.  We did without too much.  I am not
saying that anyone else ought to lessen their contribution to this
cause.  Let them give even more.  But I am certain they ought to treble
their contribution to old preachers.  There is something fearful in the
Bible like this:

"But if any provide not for his own, and especially for those of his
own house, he hath denied the faith and is worse than an infidel."
That Scripture expressed my feelings exactly as I listened to the
preacher take up his foreign missionary collection and remembered
William's dreadful poverty.  So, I say, I made up my own private mind
that there is something wrong with the way church collections are
distributed, and that if I ever had any spare money it should be
devoted to purchasing a taller tombstone for William.

Immediately I felt my own "I am," sitting up in me and taking courage.
It was a grand sensation.  For so many years I had not belonged to
myself.  I was simply a prayer-meeting numeral, William's personal
dynamo at the women's societies.  Suddenly it came to me that I was a
free moral agent for the first time in my life--widows are the only
women who are.  The scandalous reflection took hold of me as I listened
to the collection and reflected that never again would I have to worry
lest William fail to raise all his "assessments," that I should never
be anxious now for fear his sermons might not please the "prominent"
members of his church.  But the most refreshing, rejuvenating of all
was the thought that at last I could be a little less good.  I looked
at the slattern-formed men and women sitting in still rows across the
little church, with their faces lit like candles from the preacher's
face, and I experienced a peaceful remoteness from them and from the
pulpit light.



The carnal man never dies in us, nor the carnal woman, either, for that
matter.  We only say so in our prayers and rituals because we do not
know yet how to be spiritually truthful about our own flesh and blood.
But God, who knew very well what He was about when He made us carnal,
sees to it that in spite of our egregious pretensions we remain honest
Adams and Adamesses to the end.  So, for years, without acknowledging
it to myself, I had been homesick for the world and the things of the
world.  I did not want to "sin," I simply longed to be natural; to live
a trifle less perpendicularly in my soul.  There had been so many
prayer-meeting nights when I would rather have been at the grand opera.
Not that William's prayer-meeting talks were not the very bread of
life--they were; but there is such a thing as losing one's appetite for
just one kind of bread.  I have always thought one of the notable
things about the Israelites' journey through the wilderness was the
amazing fortitude with which they accepted their manna diet.  Anyhow,
it is not in the power of words to tell how I pined for the real
laughter and lightness and play of life.

William had needed them no less, but the difference was he never knew
it.  When he felt world-hungry he thought it was a sign of spiritual
anaemia and prayed for a closer walk with God--as if God was not also
the God of the world even more than He is the caste Deity of any church
or creed.  I am not reflecting on William in saying this--I'd sooner
reflect upon one of the Crown Jewels of Heaven, but I am reflecting
upon his understanding.  It was not sufficiently earthly--no good
priest's is.  Still, I had been his faithful wife for thirty years and
a consistent member of a church which forbids nearly every form of
amusement that cannot be taken at a Sunday-school picnic, a church
festival or at an Epworth League convention.

I did not wait to speak to the people after the sermon, the way a
preacher's wife must do to show her friendliness and interest.  I
hurried out and around behind the church to where he lay folded deep
beneath the pine shadows.  And there I had it out with him, as
sometimes we had it out together in other days, I doing all the
talking, and he no less silent than usual there in his holy grave.  We
had never quarreled as man and wife, because he would not do his part
of the contending.  I untied my bonnet strings, took it off and laid it
on the grass, sat down by his headstone and cried--not so much for him
as for fear he would not understand.  He never had.

[Illustration: Not So Much for Him as for Fear He Would Not Understand.]

William's greatest limitation as a minister was his firm conviction
that the world was a drawback to Heaven.  He fought it and abused it to
the last, as if God had not made it and designed it to furnish
properly-chastened material for His higher Kingdom.  And somehow, as I
wept and talked down to him in his dust I felt wonderfully like the
young woman that had loved him and feared him during those first
rebellious years when I was still so much the Episcopalian and so
little the Methodist.

The next day I sent a letter to my sister Sarah, a widow living with
her two grown daughters in New York.  For years I had kept up no
relations with my own family.  They were of the world, prosperous, and
I felt that they could not understand William nor the soul-steepling
way we lived.  But now I was writing to accept the invitation Sarah
sent me just after William's death, to make my home with her.

A week later I packed my things, borrowed my church letter, locked my
door and took the train at Royden for New York.  I told the neighbors I
was going for a visit to New York, but really I was on my way to find
the world again.  And I found it.  You cannot find anything else in New

Sarah and the girls met me at the Grand Central Station and they spent
more kisses welcoming me than I had received since my bridal days.
Sarah is two years older than I am, but she looks ten years younger,
and there is not the mark of a prayer on her smooth face, while I feel
as if I might have the doxology stamped in wrinkles above my eyebrows.

Everything is different from the way it is at home.  We do not have
dinner till supper-time, and there is no mantel or fireplace in my
room, although the furniture is grander than anything I ever saw.  I
set William's photograph on the dresser, and I can tell by the way he
looks at me all day long that he would not approve of the way I am
carrying on.  But I cannot help it; I must have a little spell of world
life.  That other in which I qualified with him for Heaven was too
stretching to something in me that grew mortally tired of stretching.
I have set myself with all diligence to enjoy the things of this world
in the time that's left me.  The more I think of it the more nearly
certain I am that they were meant for us.

One thing alone troubles me--that is, the thought of William going up
and down these thirty years just preaching and praying and bearing
other people's burdens and never once having the right to step aside
and rest his soul from being just good; never once having a natural
human vacation in the natural human world; always praying and preaching
and fasting that he might pray and preach better, always scrimping that
he might be able to pay more to the cause of missions, always a little
threadbare, and often a little breathless spiritually, but always
persistently stalking Peter and Paul and the angels through the
Scriptures up the high and higher altitudes of his own beautiful
imagination.  No matter how rested he is now in Heaven, no matter how
much he may be enjoying himself, my heart aches for him because of the
innocent happiness he missed here.

Sometimes, when I am with Sarah's girls at a play like Sudermann's
"John the Baptist," as the curtain rises and falls upon the great
scenes I sit and think of him and what it would have meant to him if in
all those poverty-stricken years of his ministry he could have had such
a vision of his dear Bible people at home in Judaea.  It's foolish, of
course, but I still long to do something for him, something to make up
for the weariness and blindness through which he passed with such
simple dignity up to God, who never meant for him to make such a hard
journey of it.  No one knew it, probably, save a few of the angels, but
he was a great man.

Since I have been here where everybody and every thought of everybody
is so different from him and his thinking, I can see him plainer,
understand him better than I did living side by side with him.  This is
why I have been spending my time between tea parties and lectures on
art and evolution, and receptions and theaters, writing these letters
as a memorial of him.

I used to wish I could have a portrait of him painted by a great artist
as he looked sometimes on a Sabbath day when he had a baby to baptize,
or when he'd be bending above an altar full of penitents.  There was a
grandeur in William's faith that gave him an awful near likeness to
immortality even in his flesh at such times.  But, of course, we could
never think of the portrait, so in these letters I have tried to draw a
likeness of him.  Every line and shadow of it is as true as I can make
it to what he really was.  I reckon plenty of people back there on his
circuits will recognize it, although I have changed names so as not to
be too personal.  They will remember him, although he was not what is
known as an up-to-date preacher.

I have often thought about it since I have been up here, what William
didn't know or dream of.  I never heard him mention evolution.  His
doubts were not intellectual and his troubles were just spiritual.  He
never suspected that there were two Isaiahs, never discovered that
David did not write his own Psalms, or that Genesis was considered a
fable, never noticed anything queer about the way Moses kept on writing
about himself after he was dead and his death certificate properly
recorded by himself in the Scriptures.  He was a man of faith.  All of
his ideas came out of that one little mustard seed.  I doubt if he'd
have been surprised if some day he had come upon a burning bush along
one of the bridle paths of his circuit.

As for me, I do not care what they say here in New York, or even in the
Pentateuch, I'd have a sight more confidence in that Scripture of the
burning bush if William had recorded it instead of Moses--I never set
much store by Moses as a truth teller.  He may have been a good hand at
chiseling out the Ten Commandments in the tables of stone, and he may
have been strong enough to tote them down by himself from Sinai, but
Moses was too much of a hero to tell the truth and nothing but the
truth about himself.  I never knew a hero who could do it.  Their
courage gets mixed with their imagination.

Then again, you can see that I could not write about a man like William
in the modern forked-lightning literary style, as if he was a new brand
of spiritual soap or the dime-novel hero of a fashionable congregation.
The people he served were not like those in New York, who appear to
have been created by electricity, with a spiritual button for a soul,
that you press into a religious fervor by rendering an organ opera
behind the pulpit.  Or, maybe the preacher does it with a new-fangled
motor notion that demonstrates a scientific relation between some other
life and this one.

The people William served were backwoods and mountain folk, for the
most part, who grew out of the soil, as much a part of it as the red
oaks and the hills.  They were not happy nor good, but they were
Scriptural.  The men were in solemn bondage to Heaven.  Religion was a
sort of life sentence they worked out with awful diligence.  And the
women seemed "born again" just to fade and pray, not as these women of
the world fade, utterly, but like fair tea-roses plucked for an altar,
that wither soon.  In Heaven you will not find them herded in the
Hosannah Chorus with the great, good women of history, like Jane Addams
and Frances E. Willard, but they will be there in some dim cove of the
celestial hills, sweetly sorrow-browed still, spinning love upon the
distaffs of Heaven, weaving yarn feathers for the younger angels.

I say, it is impossible to write of such a preacher and such people as
if they were characters in an electric religious fancy.  Walking to and
from church here in this city I have almost wondered if they were ever
real.  Thinking of them sets me to recalling stanzas from Watts's
hymns.  I smell the thyme upon their hills.  It seems as if my
adjectives were beginning to grow like flowers upon William's grave.  I
can see the candles lit for evening services in Heaven, and him sitting
in the amen corner away from the flashing-winged, fashionable saints,
comparing notes with Moses and Elijah in his deep organ undertones.

The trouble with William was that he was the hero of another world in
this one, handcuffed by a Church Discipline.  And the trouble with the
average New York preacher is that he is barely a foreigner in this
world, who is apologizing continually to his congregation for half-way
believing in his own other country.  But now I have finished this poor
drawing of William's character.  If I could have made it enough like
him it might have been fit for one of the family portraits of the
saints in Heaven.  And I have often wondered why the monument builders
have never thought to raise a statue to the Methodist circuit rider.
The D. A. R.'s and the other daughters of this and that raise monuments
to men who were only brave, but no one has thought yet to erect a
statue to the memory of the Methodist circuit riders, who are not less
brave, but who have doubtless broken some Heaven records in simple
goodness and self-sacrifice.



I had thought that these letters were finished, but I am adding this
postscript to say that I leave New York to-morrow for the little house
between the hills on the Redwine Circuit.  This resolution is not in
keeping with some views and sentiments I have written in these pages,
but, being a woman, I thank God I can be as inconsistent as is
necessary to feminine peace of mind.  I reckon I'll never be satisfied
now in the world or in the church without William.  I can't seem to
settle into any state of being of my own.  I am not saying that I have
not had a good time here, but, after all, I do not belong with the
people of the world, either.

Since I have been with Sarah I have had constantly to resist the
temptation to speak to her about her soul, just from force of habit.  I
have never seen, in all my years with William, a woman of her age so
youthfully, cheerfully unconscious of having a soul.  And that is not
the worst of it: I can feel the moral elbows of mine sticking out in
every conversation, as if Heaven had made all my thoughts angular.  It
is a sort of horned integrity that grows up in a woman who follows the
Gospel flag of the Methodist itinerancy.  I am sure it is often
embarrassing to Sarah and the girls, especially when they have
company--not the kind of company William and I had, thinly-bred
missionaries, and Bible pedlers, and tramps, and beggars, and
occasionally, toward the last a little, sweet-faced, pod-headed
deaconess--but Lilith ladies and one or two that William would call
Delilahs, and handsome, sleek, intellectual men who appeared to be as
ignorant of God as I am of natural history.  I am not saying that they
are not decent people, but they are not all there.  I miss something
out of them.  If they have ever had souls they have had them removed,
probably by a kind of reasoning surgery quite as effective as the
literal surgery with which so many of them have their poor appendixes

I have told Sarah, and while she expresses regret I am sure she feels
relieved.  It is straining to have a person in the family who belongs
to a different spiritual species.  And now I have just finished packing
my things.  I am thankful I told the neighbors that I was going on a
visit.  I came suddenly to the conclusion to-day that it was only a
visit because of a thing that happened.  I have not been offended
morally by anything I have seen in the theaters or other places of
amusement, but I have had conscientious scruples about the churches

This would be the Sabbath day far away in the country, where the hills
are at prayer and the pine trees swing their shadows over the graves in
Redwine churchyard.  But here in New York it is merely the day when you
change your occupations and amusements.  Still, there is preaching for
those who are not drunk, or asleep, or in the parks, or at Coney
Island, or giving week-end parties at their country places, or planning
the millennium without God along socialistic scantlings of thought and
barb-wire theories of the brotherhood of man.  And I went with the
girls to a fashionable church.  And this is how the morals in me that
William planted came to take offense, and how I reached the conclusion
that I had best go back home, where life is indeed made too hard for
the spirit, but where at least one may be decently conscious of having
one according to the Scriptures.

The church we attended was nearly as grand-looking inside as a theater.
Every pew was filled, and there was no misbehavior on the back benches,
such as William contended with to the last.  We had a plush-covered one
near the front, and a stool to put our feet on, and a library hooked to
the back of the pew in front of us, containing a bulletin of the
church's news.  I didn't have time to find the "society column," but I
was looking for it when the preacher came in.  I expected to hear a
perfectly-scarifying sermon, he looked so much like a tintype of the
prophet Jeremiah; but he took his text from Mark about the healing of
the man with the withered hand, and preached on the hypnotism of Jesus.
He made a clean sweep of the miracles in the most elegant, convincing
language you ever heard.  And I sat and cried to think of what he'd
done to Scriptures William would have died to preserve.  The girls were
mortified at the scene I was making.  I don't reckon anybody had ever
cried in that church before, and I am sure no man was ever convicted of
his sins there.

When we reached home I told Sarah about going back to Redwine, first
thing.  Then I came on upstairs and had it out with William in a very
few words, while I was pulling out the dresser drawers and putting my
things in the trunk.

"William," I said, kneeling down on the floor with my back to his
picture on my dresser, laying my collars in the tray, "you were right.
There is something wrong with the church system, something wrong with
the institutional religion that the church is propagating; but there is
nothing wrong with the truth of God for which you stood and made me
stand for thirty years, and I am going back where some of the people
know it, whether they know anything else or not.

"Up here the best, the wisest people don't know what the truth of God
is; they think they can find it in science.  Faith is for fools who
cannot think.  They are not trying to reconcile God to man, but man to
God, and trimming down the Holy Ghost to suit his scientific bug

Then I reached back, snatched up his photo, laid it bottom upward on
top of the collars.  I didn't feel that I could look him squarely in
the face till I had it setting back on the mantel in the house at

I have got the first out-and-out orthodox Methodist feeling of being
backslid I ever had in my life.  And it was not going to the theaters
and tea parties that brought it on.  It was going to church every
Sunday and hearing some preacher explain away the Divinity of Jesus, or
reduce His miracles to scientific formulas.  I do not wonder that so
many men and women go wrong in New York.  They are orphans, deprived of
their Heavenly Father by the very preachers themselves.  And it's very
hard for orphans to behave themselves.  They know what is right, but
righteousness does not appeal to them, because it has never been
sanctified by love.  That is what is the matter with these people.
They do not love God, they do not care, or know, or believe that He
loves them.  They are so sensible, so profoundly reasonable that they
are sadly damned already by their own little intelligences.  They have
theories, views and knowledges that are not going to show up well in
the next generation.  And that is their crime, to propagate ideas that
will destroy the integrity of those who will come after them.

*** End of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "A Circuit Rider's Wife" ***

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