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Title: The Choise of Valentines - Or the Merie Ballad of Nash His Dildo
Author: Nash, Thomas, 1567-1601
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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[Transcriber's Note: Line notes have been moved to the end of each
poem from their places on the individual pages to aid in the flow of
the poems]

                      Choise of Valentines

                         NASH HIS DILDO

                        [BY THOMAS NASH]

[_From MSS. Copies in the Inner Temple (Petyt MS. 538, Vol. 43, f.
viii., 295 b, circa 1680) and Bodleian (Rawl. MS. Poet 216, leaves
96-106, circa 1610-20) Libraries_]

                          Edited by
                        JOHN S. FARMER




Nash's "CHOISE OF VALENTINES" has apparently come down to us only in
manuscript form. It is extremely doubtful (Oldys notwithstanding[a]),
whether the poem was ever before accorded the dignity of print. Nor
would it now be deemed worthy of such were the only considerations
those of literary merit or intrinsic value: truth to tell there is
little of either to recommend it. But, as it has been repeatedly said,
and well insisted on, the world cannot afford to lose any "document"
whatsoever which bears, or _may_ bear, in the slightest degree, on the
story of its own growth and development, and out of which its true
life has to be written. Especially is even the meanest Elizabethan of
importance and value in relation to the re-construction--still far
from complete--of the life and times of the immortal bard of Avon. In
the most unlikely quarters a quarry may yet be found from which the
social historian may obtain a valuable sidelight on manners and
customs, the philologist a new lection or gloss, or the antiquary a
solution to some, as yet, unsolved problem.

"The Choise of Valentines" claims attention, and is of value
principally on two grounds, either of which, it is held, should amply
justify the more permanent preservation now accorded this otherwise
insignificant production. In the first place, it appears to have been
dedicated to the Earl of Southampton, the generous patron of letters,
and friend of Shakspeare; and second, it is probably the only example
extant of the kind of hackwork to which Nash was frequently reduced by
"the keenest pangs of poverty."[b] He confesses he was often obliged
"to pen unedifying toys for gentlemen." When Harvey denounced him for
"emulating Aretino's licentiousness" he admitted that poverty had
occasionally forced him to prostitute his pen "in hope of gain" by
penning "amorous Villanellos and Quipasses for new-fangled galiards
and newer Fantisticos." In fact, he seems rarely to have known what it
was to be otherwise than the subject of distress and need. As an
example of these "unedifying toys" the present poem may, without much
doubt, be cited, and an instance in penning which his "hope of gain"
was realised.

It is a matter of history that Nash sought, and succeeded in obtaining
for a time, the patronage of the Earl of Southampton, one of the most
liberal men of his day, and a prominent figure in the declining years
of Elizabeth. "I once tasted," Nash writes in 1593,[c] "the full
spring of the Earl's liberality." Record is also made of a visit paid
by him to Lord Southampton and Sir George Carey, while the former was
Governor, and the latter Captain-General, of the Isle of Wight.

From internal evidence it would seem that this poem was called forth
by the Earl's bounty to its author. "My muse devorst from deeper (the
_Rawl. MS._ reads _deepest_) care, presents thee with a wanton
elegie;" and further on, the dedication promises "better lines" which
should "ere long" be penned in "honour" of his noble patron. This
promise is renewed in the epilogue:--

  "My mynde once purg'd of such lascivious witt,
    With purifide words and hallowed verse,
    Thy praises in large volumes shall rehearse,
    That better maie thy grauer view befitt."

Does this refer to "The Unfortunate Traveller; or, The Life of Jack
Wilton," generally regarded as Nash's most ambitious work, and which
he dedicated to Lord Southampton in 1593? If so, and there is no
evidence to gainsay the conclusion, we can fix the date of the present
poem as, at all events, prior to 17th September of that year, when
"The Unfortunate Traveller" was entered on the Stationers'
Register.[d] This would make Nash contemporaneous, if not prior to,
Shakspeare in offering a tribute to the merits of the young patron
(Southampton at that time was barely twenty years old) of the Muses.
_Venus and Adonis_ was entered on the Register of the Stationers'
Company about five months earlier, on the 18th April, 1593, and barely
more than two months prior to the registration of "The Terrors of the

It is curious to note that while Shakspeare and Nash both promise
"graver work" and "better lines," they alike select amatory themes for
their first offerings. The promise in Shakspeare's case was redeemed
by the dedication to Southampton of "The Rape of Lucreece," while it
may be assumed, as aforesaid, that Nash followed suit with "The
Unfortunate Traveller."

Nash, however, for some cause or other failed to retain the Earl's
interest; "indeed," says Mr. Sidney Lee, "he did not retain the favour
of any patron long." It is only fair to state, however, that the
withdrawal of Lord Southampton's patronage may not have been due to
any fault or shortcoming on the part of Nash, for there is likewise no
evidence whatever to show that any close intimacy existed between
Southampton and Shakspeare after 1594. Probably there was much else to
claim Lord Southampton's attention--his marriage, and the Essex
rebellion to wit. This, however, leads somewhat wide of the present

So much for the circumstances which appear to have called forth "The
Choise of Valentines." The next consideration is, Has it ever appeared
in print before? Oldys, in his MS. notes to Langbaine's _English
Dramatic Poets_ (_c_. 1738) says:--"Tom Nash certainly wrote and
published a pamphlet upon Dildos. He is accused of it by his
antagonist, Harvey." But he was writing nearly 150 years after the
event, and it is certainly very strange that a production which it
can be shown was well known should, if printed, have so entirely
disappeared. At all events, no copy is at present known to exist.[e]
John Davies of Hereford alludes to it, but leaves it uncertain whether
its destruction occurred in MS. or in print. In his "Papers
Complaint"[f] he writes:--

  But O! my soule is vext to thinke how euill
  It is abus'd to beare suits to the Deuill.
  _Pierse-Pennilesse_ (a _Pies_ eat such a patch)
  Made me (agree) that business once dispatch.
  And having made me vndergo the shame,
  Abusde me further, in the Deuills name:
  And made [me] _Dildo_ (dampned Dildo) beare,
  Till good men's hate did me in peeces teare.

As regards the manuscript copies there are one or two points worthy of
note. At present we know of two, more or less incomplete, but each of
which supplements, in some degree, the other. These MSS. are
respectively in the Bodleian (Rawl. MS. Poet, 216) and the Inner
Temple (Petyt MS. 538, vol. 43, p. viii., 295b.) libraries. Both texts
are obviously corrupt, the Rawlinson abominably so. Probably the
former was written out from memory alone, while the Petyt, if not a
transcript direct from the original is, at any rate, very near to it.

The Bodleian version is written on paper in a small oblong
leather-covered book, originally with clasps. The penmanship is early
17th century, probably about 1610-20. It is thus catalogued:-- ..."_E
libris_ Matt. Postlethwayt, Aug. 1, 1697. Perhaps (earlier) Henry
Price owned the book." The volume contains besides an English
transcript of Ovid's "Arte Amandis" and some amatory poems.[g] The
date of the Petyt text may be about.... It is written in a
miscellaneous, folio, commonplace-book, and in the catalogue it is
described as "an obscene poem, entitled 'The Choosing of Valentines,'
by Thomas Nash. The first 17 lines are printed at p. lx. of the
Preface to vol i. of Mr. Grosart's edition of Nash's works, as if they
formed the whole piece."[h]

Nothing is known of Postlethwayt and Price, who at one time owned the
Rawlinson copy, that throws light on its source. In the Petyt,
however, we get a suppositional explanation of its manifestly purer
text. Petyt, subsequent to his call to the Bar, in 1670, was for many
years Keeper of the Records in the Tower of London. Now we know that
Lord Essex, an intimate friend and connection of the Earl of
Southampton, and like Southampton a generous and discerning patron of
letters, was for some time in the "free custody" of the Lord Keeper of
the Tower. Further, Southampton, who had joined Essex in his
rebellion, had been tried and convicted with his friend, and though
the Queen spared his life, he was not released from the Tower until
the ascension of James I. It is not unlikely, therefore, that a copy
of Nash's manuscript made for Lord Essex passed, on the execution of
the latter, with other papers and documents, into the official custody
of the Lord Keeper, to be subsequently unearthed by his successor,
Petyt, who, with a taste for the "curious," had it copied for his own
edification. This supposition is further borne out as follows: The
particular commonplace book in which this poem occurs has been written
by various hands. In the same handwriting as, and immediately
preceding "The Choise of Valentines," are two poetical effusions
dedicated "To the Earl of Essex," both apparently written when he was
in prison and under sentence of death. The other contents of the
volume are likewise contemporaneous.

All things considered, then, the Petyt text, although transcribed
about fifty years later, has weightier claims to attention than the
version in the Rawlinson MSS. I have, therefore, adopted the former as
a basis, giving the Rawlinson variations in the form of notes. A few
of these are obviously better readings than those of the Petyt text:
the reader cannot fail to distinguish these. In the main, however, the
Inner Temple version will be found consistent with its particular
dedication, whilst the Rawlinson variations appear due to an attempt,
signally unsuccessful, to adapt the poem for general use.

For the rest I have faithfully adhered to the original in the basic
text, and in the variorum readings, except in one particular. The
Rawlinson _MS._ is altogether guiltless of punctuation, while the
Petyt copy has been carelessly "stopped" by the scribe: I have
therefore given modern punctuation.

J. S. F.


[a] See page x. [Transcriber's note: starting "It is curious to note"]

[b] _Have with you to Saffron Walden_, iii., 44.

[c] _Terrors of the Night._

[d] It is true that Nash, in his dedication of the
"Unfortunate Traveller," speaks of it as his "first offering." This,
however, must be taken rather as meaning his first _serious_ effort in
acknowledgment of his patron's bounty, for in "The Terrors of the
Night" (registered on the 30th June, 1593), he somewhat effusively
acknowledges his indebtedness to Lord Southampton:--"Through him my
tender wainscot studie doore is delivered from much assault and
battrie: through him I looke into, and am looked on in the world: from
whence otherwise I were a wretched banished exile. Through him all my
good is conueighed vnto me; and to him all my endeavours shall be
contributed as to the ocean." Again, as evidence that Nash had
addressed himself to Southampton prior to his dedication of "The
Unfortunate Traveller," we glean from his promise ("Terrors of the
Night") "to embroyder the rich store of his eternal renoune" in "some
longer Tractate."

[e] At the same time it must be stated that the scandal of
the controversy between Nash and Harvey became so notorious that in
1599 it was ordered by authority "that all Nashes books and Dr.
Harvey's books be taken wheresoever they may be found and that none of
the said books be ever printed hereafter" (COOPER, _Athenæ Cant._ ii.

[f] Davies [Grosart, _Works_ (1888) 1-75, lines 64-72.]

[g] These have been incorporated in "National Ballad and
Song" (Section 2, _Merry Songs and Ballads_, Series 1).

[h] This is not quite correct. The title in the MS. runs "The
Choise of Valentines," and Dr. Grosart purports to give the first
eighteen lines, but in transcription he has omitted line 4.


  honorable the Lord S.[i]

  Pardon, _sweete flower of Matchles poetrie,
    And fairest bud the red rose euer bare;
    Although my Muse, devorst from deeper care,
    Presents thee with a wanton Elegie.                                4

  Ne blame my verse of loose unchastitie
    For painting forth the things that hidden are,
    Since all men acte what I in speache declare,
    Onlie induced with varietie.                                       8

  Complants and praises euery one can write,
    And passion out their pangu's in statlie rimes;
    But of loues pleasures none did euer write,
    That have succeeded in theis latter times.                        12

  Accept of it, Deare Lord, in gentle gree,
    And better lynes, ere long, shall honor thee._

       *       *       *       *       *


[i] Henry Wriothesley, the Earl of Southampton, and Baron of
Titchfield. The dedication is absent in the Rawlinson text: _cf._
variorum reading in line 13.

1 _Matchles_, machles.

2 _the red rose euer bare_, that euer red rose bare.

3 _devorst from deeper care_, diuert from deepest care. Nash was
notoriously impecunious all through his life, and probably reference
is here made to some bounty received at the hands of Lord Southampton
(_see_ Introduction). What patronage meant at times is gleaned from
Florio's dedication of _The Worlde of Wordes_ in 1598 to the same
nobleman. He says:--"In truth I acknowledge an entire debt, not only
of my best knowledge, but of all; yea, of more than I know, or care,
to your bounteous lordship, in whose pay and patronage I have lived
some years.... But, as to me, and many more, the glorious and gracious
sunshine of your honour hath infused light and life." Rowe also tells
a story of Lord Southampton's munificence to Shakspeare. It is said
that he gave the poet £1,000 (equal to £12,000 now-a-days) to complete
a special purchase. Whether this story be true or not, it is certain
that Lord Southampton was a most liberal patron of letters.

4 _Presents thee with_, Presentes you with.

5 "Ne" = Nor, A.S.; _unchastitie_, inchastitye.

6 _painting_, paynting; _things_, thinges; _hidden are_, hidden be.

7 & 8 In Rawl. MS. these lines are transposed. _Since all men act_,
sith most men marke; _speache declare_, speech descrie; _Onlie_, only;
_varietie_, varyetye.

9 _Complants and praises euery one_, Complayntes & prayses every man.

10 _passion out_, passion forth; _their pangu's_, there loue; _statlie
rimes_, statly rime.

11 _pleasures none_, pleasure non; _euer write_, e're indite.

12 _theis latter times_, this latter time.

13 _Deare Lord_, deare loue. A significant reading in view of the
absence of the dedication in the Rawl. MS. "_Accept ... in gentle
gree_," to take kindly.

14 _And better lynes ere long_, And better farr, ere long (_see_



  It was the merie moneth of Februarie,
    When yong men, in their iollie roguerie,
  Rose earelie in the morne fore breake of daie,
    To seeke them valentines soe trimme and gaie;                      4

  With whom they maie consorte in summer sheene,
    And dance the haidegaies on our toune-greene,
  As alas at Easter, or at Pentecost,
    Perambulate the fields that flourish most;                         8

  And goe to som village abbordring neere,
    To taste the creame and cakes and such good cheere;
  Or see a playe of strange moralitie,
    Shewen by Bachelrie of Maningtree.                                12

  Where to, the contrie franklins flock-meale swarme,
    And Jhon and Jone com marching arme in arme.
  Euen on the hallowes of that blessed Saint
    That doeth true louers with those ioyes acquaint,                 16

  I went, poore pilgrime, to my ladies shrine,
    To see if she would be my valentine;
  But woe, alass, she was not to be found,
    For she was shifted to an upper ground:                           20

  Good Justice Dudgeon-haft, and crab-tree face,
    With bills and staues had scar'd hir from the place;
  And now she was compel'd, for Sanctuarie,
    To flye unto a house of venerie.                                  24

  Thither went I, and bouldlie made enquire
    If they had hackneis to lett-out to hire,
  And what they crau'd, by order of their trade,
    To lett one ride a iournie on a iade.                             28

  Therwith out stept a foggy three-chinnd dame,
    That us'd to take yong wenches for to tame,
  And ask't me if I ment as I profest,
    Or onelie ask't a question but in iest.                           32

  "In iest?" quoth I; "that terme it as you will;
    I com for game, therefore give me my Jill."
  "Why Sir," quoth shee, "if that be your demande,
    Com, laye me a Gods-pennie in my hand;                            36

  For, in our oratorie siccarlie,
    None enters heere, to doe his nicarie,
  But he must paye his offertorie first,
    And then, perhaps, wee'le ease him of his thirst."                40

  I, hearing hir so ernest for the box,
    Gave hir hir due, and she the dore unlocks.
  In am I entered: "venus be my speede!
    But where's this female that must do this deed"?                  44

  By blinde meanders, and by crankled wayes,
    Shee leades me onward, (as my Aucthor saies),
  Vntill we came within a shadie loft
    Where venus bounsing vestalls skirmish oft;                       48

  And there shee sett me in a leather chaire,
    And brought me forth, of prettie Trulls, a paire,
  To chuse of them which might content myne eye;
    But hir I sought, I could nowhere espie.                          52

  I spake them faire, and wisht them well to fare--
    "Yet soe yt is, I must haue fresher ware;
  Wherefore, dame Bawde, as daintie as you bee,
    Fetch gentle mistris Francis forth to me."                        56

  "By Halliedame," quoth she, "and Gods oune mother,
    I well perceaue you are a wylie brother;
  For if there be a morsell of more price,
    You'll smell it out, though I be nare so nice.                    60

  As you desire, so shall you swiue with hir,
    But think, your purse-strings shall abye-it deare;
  For, he that will eate quailes must lauish crounes,
    And Mistris Francis, in her veluett gounes,                       64

  And ruffs and perwigs as fresh as Maye,
    Can not be kept with half a croune a daye."
  "Of price, good hostess, we will not debate,
    Though you assize me at the highest rate;                         68

  Onelie conduct me to this bonnie bell.
    And tenne good gobbs I will unto thee tell,
  Of golde or siluer, which shall lyke thee best,
    So much doe I hir companie request."                              72

  Awaie she went: so sweete a thing is golde,
    That (mauger) will inuade the strongest holde.
  "Hey-ho! she coms, that hath my hearte in keepe
    Sing Lullabie, my cares, and falle a-sleepe."                     76

  Sweeping she coms, as she would brush the ground;
    Hir ratling silkes my sences doe confound.
  "Oh, I am rauisht: voide the chamber streight;
    For I must neede's upon hir with my weight."                      80

  "My Tomalin," quoth shee, and then she smilde.
    "I, I," quoth I, "soe more men are beguild
  With smiles, with flatt'ring wordes, and fained cheere,
    When in their deedes their falsehood doeth appeare."              84

  "As how, my lambkin," blushing, she replide,
    "Because I in this dancing schoole abide?
  If that it be, that breede's this discontent,
    We will remoue the camp incontinent:                              88

  For shelter onelie, sweete heart, came I hither,
    And to auoide the troblous stormie weather;
  But now the coaste is cleare, we will be gonne,
    Since, but thy self, true louer I haue none."                     92

  With that she sprung full lightlie to my lips,
    And fast about the neck me colle's, and clips;
  She wanton faints, and falle's vpon hir bedd,
    And often tosseth too and fro hir head;                           96

  She shutts hir eyes, and waggles with her tongue:
    "Oh, who is able to abstaine so long?"
  "I com! I com! sweete lyning be thy leaue:"
    Softlie my fingers up theis curtaine heaue,                      100

  And make me happie, stealing by degreese.
    First bare hir leggs, then creepe up to hir kneese;
  From thence ascend unto her mannely thigh--
    (A pox on lingring when I am so nighe!).                         104

  Smock, climbe a-pace, that I maie see my ioyes;
    Oh heauen and paradize are all but toyes
  Compar'd with this sight I now behould,
    Which well might keepe a man from being olde.                    108

  A prettie rysing wombe without a weame,
    That shone as bright as anie siluer streame;
  And bare out like the bending of an hill,
    At whose decline a fountaine dwelleth still;                     112

  That hath his mouth besett with uglie bryers,
    Resembling much a duskie nett of wyres;
  A loftie buttock, barrd with azure veines,
    Whose comelie swelling, when my hand distreines,                 116

  Or wanton checketh with a harmlesse stype,
    It makes the fruites of loue oftsoone be rype,
  And pleasure pluckt too tymelie from the stemme
    To dye ere it hath seene Jerusalem.                              120

  O Gods! that euer anie thing so sweete,
    So suddenlie should fade awaie, and fleete!
  Hir armes are spread, and I am all unarm'd,
    Lyke one with Ouid's cursed hemlocke charm'd;                    124

  So are my Limms unwealdlie for the fight
    That spend their strength in thought of hir delight.
  What shall I doe to shewe my self a man?
    It will not be for ought that beawtie can.                       128

  I kisse, I clap, I feele, I view at will,
    Yett dead he lyes, not thinking good or ill.
  "Unhappie me," quoth shee, "and wilt' not stand?
    Com, lett me rubb and chafe it with my hand!                     132

  Perhaps the sillie worme is labour'd sore,
    And wearied that it can doe noe more;
  If it be so, as I am greate a-dread,
    I wish tenne thousand times that I were dead.                    136

  How ere it is, no meanes shall want in me,
    That maie auaile to his recouerie."
  Which saide, she tooke and rould it on hir thigh,
    And when she look't on't, she would weepe and sighe;             140

  She dandled it, and dancet it up and doune,
    Not ceasing till she rais'd it from his swoune.
  And then he flue on hir as he were wood,
    And on hir breeche did hack and foyne a-good;                    144

  He rub'd, and prickt, and pierst her to the bones,
    Digging as farre as eath he might for stones;
  Now high, now lowe, now stryking shorte and thicke;
    Now dyuing deepe, he toucht hir to the quicke;                   148

  Now with a gird he would his course rebate,
    Straite would he take him to a statlie gate;
  Plaie while him list, and thrust he neare so hard,
    Poore pacient Grissill lyeth at hir warde,                       152

  And giue's, and takes, as blythe and free as Maye,
    And ere-more meete's him in the midle waye.
  On him hir eyes continualy were fixt;
    With hir eye-beames his melting looke's were mixt,               156

  Which, like the Sunne, that twixt two glasses plaies,
    From one to th' other cast's rebounding rayes.
  He, lyke a starre that, to reguild his beames
    Sucks-in the influence of Phebus streames,                       160

  Imbathes the lynes of his descending light
    In the bright fountaines of hir clearest sight.
  She, faire as fairest Planet in the skye,
    Hir puritie to noe man doeth denye;                              164

  The verie chamber that enclouds her shine
    Lookes lyke the pallace of that God deuine,
  Who leades the daie about the Zodiake,
    And euerie euen discends to th'oceane lake;                      168

  So fierce and feruent is her radiance,
    Such fyrie stakes she darts at euerie glance
  As might enflame the icie limmes of age,
    And make pale death his seignedrie to aswage;                    172

  To stand and gaze upon her orient lamps,
    Where Cupid all his chiefest ioyes encamps,
  And sitts, and playes with euery atomie
    That in hir Sunne-beames swarme aboundantlie.                    176

  Thus gazing, and thus striuing, we perseuer:
    But what so firme that maie continue euer?
  "Oh not so fast," my rauisht Mistriss cryes,
    "Leaste my content, that on thy life relyes,                     180

  Be brought too-soone from his delightfull seate,
    And me unwares of hoped bliss defeate.
  Together lett us marche unto content,
    And be consumed with one blandishment."                          184

  As she prescrib'd so kept we crotchet-time,
    And euerie stroake in ordre lyke a chyme,
  Whilst she, that had preseru'd me by hir pittie,
    Unto our musike fram'd a groaning dittie.                        188

  "Alass! alass! that loue should be a sinne!
    Euen now my blisse and sorrowe doeth beginne.
  Hould wyde thy lapp, my louelie Danae,
    And entretaine the golden shoure so free,                        192

  That trikling falles into thy treasurie.
    As Aprill-drops not half so pleasant be,
  Nor Nilus overflowe to Ægipt plaines
    As this sweet-streames that all hir ioints imbaynes.             196

  With "Oh!" and "Oh!" she itching moues hir hipps,
    And to and fro full lightlie starts and skips:
  She ierkes hir leggs, and sprauleth with hir heeles;
    No tongue maie tell the solace that she feeles,                  200

  "I faint! I yeald! Oh, death! rock me a-sleepe!
    Sleepe! sleepe desire! entombed in the deepe!"
  "Not so, my deare," my dearest saint replyde,
    "For, from us yett, thy spirit maie not glide                    204

  Untill the sinnowie channels of our blood
    Without their source from this imprisoned flood;
  And then will we (that then will com too soone),
    Dissolued lye, as though our dayes were donne."                  208

  The whilst I speake, my soule is fleeting hence,
    And life forsakes his fleshie residence.
  Staie, staie sweete ioye, and leaue me not forlorne
    Why shouldst thou fade that art but newelie borne?               212

  "Staie but an houre, an houre is not so much:
    But half an houre; if that thy haste is such,
  Naie, but a quarter--I will aske no more--
    That thy departure (which torments me sore),                     216

  Maie be alightned with a little pause,
    And take awaie this passions sudden cause."
  He heare's me not; hard-harted as he is,
    He is the sonne of Time, and hates my blisse.                    220

  Time nere looke's backe, the riuers nere returne;
    A second springe must help me or I burne.
  No, no, the well is drye that should refresh me,
    The glasse is runne of all my destinie:                          224

  Nature of winter learneth nigardize
    Who, as he ouer-beares the streame with ice
  That man nor beaste maie of their pleasance taste,
    So shutts she up hir conduit all in haste,                       228

  And will not let hir Nectar ouer-flowe,
    Least mortall man immortall ioyes should knowe.
  Adieu! unconstant loue, to thy disporte
    Adieu! false mirth, and melodie too short;                       232

  Adieu! faint-hearted instrument of lust;
    That falselie hath betrayde our equale trust.
  Hence-forth no more will I implore thine ayde,
    Or thee, or man of cowardize upbrayde.                           236

  My little dilldo shall suply their kinde:
    A knaue, that moues as light as leaues by winde;
  That bendeth not, nor fouldeth anie deale,
    But stands as stiff as he were made of steele;                   240

  And playes at peacock twixt my leggs right blythe,
    And doeth my tickling swage with manie a sighe.
  For, by saint Runnion! he'le refresh me well;
    And neuer make my tender bellie swell.                           244

  Poore Priapus! whose triumph now must falle,
    Except thou thrust this weakeling to the walle.
  Behould! how he usurps, in bed and bowre
    And undermines thy kingdom euerie howre;                         248

  How slye he creepes betwixt the barke and tree,
    And sucks the sap, whilst sleepe detaineth thee.
  He is my Mistris page at euerie stound,
    And soone will tent a deepe intrenched wound.                    252

  He wayte's on Courtlie Nimphs that be so coye,
    And bids them skorne the blynd-alluring boye.
  He giues yong guirls their gamesome sustenance,
    And euerie gaping mouth his full sufficeance.                    256

  He fortifies disdaine with forraine artes,
    And wanton-chaste deludes all loving hartes.
  If anie wight a cruell mistris serue's,
    Or, in dispaire, (unhappie) pines and staru's,                   260

  Curse Eunuke dilldo, senceless counterfet
    Who sooth maie fill, but never can begett.
  But, if revenge enraged with dispaire,
    That such a dwarf his wellfare should empaire,                   264

  Would faine this womans secretarie knowe,
    Lett him attend the markes that I shall showe:
  He is a youth almost two handfulls highe,
    Streight, round, and plumb, yett hauing but one eye,             268

  Wherein the rhewme so feruentlie doeth raigne,
    That Stigian gulph maie scarce his teares containe;
  Attired in white veluet, or in silk,
    And nourisht with whott water, or with milk,                     272

  Arm'd otherwhile in thick congealed glasse,
    When he, more glib, to hell be lowe would passe.
  Vpon a charriot of five wheeles he rydes,
    The which an arme strong driuer stedfast guides,                 276

  And often alters pace as wayes growe deepe,
    (For who, in pathes unknowne, one gate can keepe?)
  Sometimes he smoothlie slideth doune the hill;
    Another while, the stones his feete doe kill;                    280

  In clammie waies he treaddeth by and by,
    And plasheth and sprayeth all that be him nye.
  So fares this iollie rider in his race,
    Plunging and sousing forward in lyke case,                       284

  He dasht, and spurted, and he plodded foule,
    God giue thee shame, thou blinde mischapen owle!
  Fy-fy, for grief: a ladies chamberlaine,
    And canst not thou thy tatling tongue refraine?                  288

  I reade thee beardles blab, beware of stripes,
    And be aduised what thou vainelie pipes;
  Thou wilt be whipt with nettles for this geare
    If Cicelie shewe but of thy knauerie heere.                      292

  Saint Denis shield me from such female sprites!
    Regarde not, Dames, what Cupids Poete writes:
  I pennd this storie onelie for my selfe,
    Who, giuing suck unto a childish Elfe,                           296

  And quitte discourag'd in my nurserie,
    Since all my store seemes to hir penurie.
  I am not as was Hercules the stout,
    That to the seaventh iournie could hould out;                    300

  I want those hearbe's and rootes of Indian soile,
    That strengthen wearie members in their toile--
  Druggs and Electuaries of new devise,
    Doe shunne my purse, that trembles at the price.                 304

  Sufficeth all I haue, I yeald hir hole
    Which, for a poore man, is a princelie dole,
  I paie our hostess scott and lott at moste,
    And looke as leane and lank as anie ghoste;                      308

  What can be added more to my renowne?
    She lyeth breathlesse; I am taken doune;
  The waves doe swell, the tydes climbe or'e the banks;
    Judge, gentlemen! if I deserue not thanks?                       312

  And so, good night! unto you euer'ie one;
    For loe, our thread is spunne, our plaie is donne.

    _Claudito iam vinos Priapa, sat prata biberunt_ [sic[j]].

  Tho. Nash.


_Thus[k] hath my penne presum'd to please my friend--
  Oh mightst thou lykewise please Apollo's eye.
  No, Honor brooke's no such impietie,
  Yett Ouids wanton Muse did not offend.

He is the fountaine whence my streames doe flowe--
  Forgive me if I speake as I was taught,
  A lyke to women, utter all I knowe,
  As longing to unlade so bad a fraught.

My mynde once purg'd of such lasciuious witt,
  With purifide words and hallowed verse,
  Thy praises in large volumes shall rehearce,
  That better maie thy grauer view befitt.

Meanewhile yett rests, you smile at what I write;
  Or, for attempting, banish me your sight._

Thomas Nash.


[k] Quite detached, on page 94 of the Rawl. MS. (the text
commences on page 96), are a few lines entitled "The Epilogue," which
are obviously part of the above, albeit more than usually imperfectly
copied. Why so placed does not appear, especially as several blank
pages immediately follow the conclusion of the Bodleian copy.

Title, _The Choosing of Valentines_, Nashes Dildo.

2 _yong_, younge; _their iollie roguerie_, their brauery; _iollie_,
Fr. _joli_, pretty, fine. _Bravery_, finery; _Cf_. Holinshed's _Chron.
of Eng., 55_--The ancient Britons painted their bodies "which they
esteemed a great braverie."

3 _Rose earelie in the morne fore_, Rose in the morning before;
_daie_, daye.

4 _soe trimme and gaie_, soe fresh and gaye.

5 _summer sheene_, somers shene.

6 _haidegaies on_, high degree in.

7 _alas at Easter, or_, allso at Ester and.

8 _Perambulate_, preambulate.

9 _to som_, into some; _abbordring_, bordering.

10 _taste the creame and cakes_, tast the cakes and creame.

11 _Or_, To.

12 _by Bachelrie of Maningtree_, by the bachelours of magnanimity.
"Manningtree, in Essex, formerly enjoyed the privilege of fairs, by
the tenure of exhibiting a certain number of stage plays yearly. It
appears also, from other intimations, that there were great
festivities there, and much good eating, at Whitsun ales, and other

13 _Where to, the contrie franklins_, Whether our Country Franklins.

14 _Jhon and Jone com_, John and Joane come.

15 _Euen_, Even; _hallowes_, Hallowes; _Saint_, Sainct.

16 _doeth_, doth; _louers_, lovers; _those_, omitted in Rawlinson.

17 _ladies_, Ladyes.

18 _she_, shee; _valentine_, valentyne.

19 _woe, alass_, out, alas.

20 _an upper_, another.

21 _-haft and crab-tree face_, with his crabbed face.

22 _scar'd hir_, scard her; _the_, that.

23 _And now she was compel'd for Sanctuarie_, And she, poore wench,
compeld for Sanctuary.

24 _unto_, into; _venery_, Venery.

25 _bouldlie,_, bouldly; _enquire_, inquire.

26 _hackneis_, hackneyes. Hackney, a person or thing let out for
promiscuous use, _e.g._, a horse, a whore, a literary drudge. _Cf_.
"The hobby-horse is but a colt, and your love perhaps a
hackney."--_Love's Labour Lost_, iii., 1.

27 _crau'd_, craud.

29 _Therwith out stept_, With that, stept forth; _three chinnd_,
three-chinde. Foggie = fat, bloated, having hanging flesh. _Cf_. "Some
three chind foggie dame."--Dolarney, _Primrose_.

30 _us'd_, vsd; _yong_, younge.

31 _ask't_, askt; _I ment as I profest_, soothe were my request.

32 _onelie ask't_, onely moud.

33 _it_, yt.

34 _com_, come; _give_, giue; _Jill_, Gill.

35 _"Why, Sir." quoth shee, "if that be your demande,"_ "If that yt
be," quoth she, "that you demaunde."

36 _Com laye me a God's-pennie_, then giue me first a godes peny.
"God's-pennie, an earnest-pennie."--Florio, p. 36.

37 _oratorie siccarlie_, oratory, siccarly. "Oratory," properly a
private chapel or closet for prayer; here a canting term for brothel:
cf. abbess = bawd; nun = whore, and so forth. "Siccarly," certainly,
surely "Thou art here, sykerlye, Thys churche to robb with felonye,"
MS. Cantab Ff. ii., 38, f. 240.

38 _heere_, in; _nicarie_, deuory. "Nick," female _pudendum_: hence
nickery, copulation. Deuory may either be Fr. _devoir_, duty; or
devoure, to ravish, to deflower.

39 _offertorie_, affidavit.

40 _wee'le_, Ile.

41 _hearing hir so ernest_, seeing her soe earnest.

42 _Gave hir hir_, I gaue her her; _and she the dore unlocks_, and she
the doare vnlockes.

43 _In am I entered_, Nowe I am entered; _venus_, sweet Venus.

44 _where's this female_, where's the female; _do this_, do the.

45 _By_, through; _meanders and by crankled_, meander and through

46 _Shee leades_, Shee leads; _Aucthor saies_, author sayes.

47 _we came within_, I came vnto; _shadie_, shady.

48 _bounsing vestalls_, bouncing vestures; _skirmish_, skyrmish;
_oft_, omitted.

49 _shee_, she; _leather chaire_, Lether chayre.

50 _prettie Trulls_, wenches straight.

51 _To chuse of them_, And bad me choose; _myne_, my.

52 _hir_, she; _no where espie_, noe waye espye.

53 _them_, her; _them_ her.

54 _Yet_, But.

55 _Bawde_, baud; _as daintie_, soe dainty; _bee_, be.

56 _forth to_, vnto.

57 _Halliedame_, Holy Dame; _she_, shee; _Gods oune_, gods one.

58 _wylie_, wyly.

59 _more_, better.

60 _You'l smell_, youle find; _nare so_, now soe.

61 _hir_, her.

62 _think_, look; _purse-strings_, purse-stringes; _abye it deare_,
abide yt deere.

63 _that will eate quailes_, whoole feed on quayles; _crounes_,

64 _Mistris Francis_, Mistres Fraunces; _veluett gounes_, velvett

65 _And ruffs_, Her ruffe; _perwigs_, perriwigge; _as_, soe; _Maye_,

66 _with half a croune_, for half a crowne.

67 _hostess_, hostes; _we_, wee.

68 _Though_, although.

69 _bonnie_, bonny.

70 _tenne_, tenn; _gobbs I will unto thee tell_, goblets vnto thee Ile
tell. "Gob, a portion" (H).

71 _lyke thee_, like you.

72 _doe I hir companie_, I doe her company.

73 _Awaie_, Awaye; _thing_, worde.

74 _That (mauger) will inuade_, it makes invasion in.

75 _Hey-ho_, Loe! here; _hearte_, harte; _keepe_, keeping.

76 _Lullabie_, lullaby; _and falle a sleepe_, fall a sleeping.

77 _coms_, comes; _ground_, ground.

78 _Hir_, her; _silkes_, silcke; _confound_, Confound.

79 _Oh_, Awaye; _rauisht_, ravisht; _voide_, voyd; _chamber_, Chamber;
_streight_, straight.

80 _For I must neede's be on hir_, I must be straight vppon her.

81 _smilde_, smiled.

82 _beguilde_, beguiled.

83 _With smiles, with flatt'ring wordes, and fained cheere_, With
sighes and flattering woordes and teares.

84 _their_, your; _their_, much; _doeth appeare_, still apeares.

85 _how_, How; _lambkin_, Tomalyn; _replide_, replied.

86 _dancing_, dauncing.

87 _it be_, be it; _this_, thy.

88 _camp_, campe.

89 _onelie_, only; _sweete heart_, sweete harte; _came_, cam.

90 _auoide_, avoyd; _troblous and stormie_, troublesome, stormye.

91 _But now_, And since; _coaste_, coast; _we wil_, I will.

92 _Since_, for; _louer_, louers.

93 _sprung_, sprunge; _lips_, lippes.

94 _And fast about the neck me colle's and clips_, and about my neck
she hugges, she calles, she clippes. "Coll" or "cull," to kiss, to
embrace; so also "clip."

95 _faints_, faynes; _vpon hir_, vppon the.

96 _tosseth_, tosses; _and fro hir_, and froe her.

97 _shutts hir eyes_, shakes her feete.

98 _who_, whoe; _abstaine_, forbeare; _long_, longe.

99 _I com, I com_, I come, I come; _lyning_, Ladye; _be_, by.

100 _Softlie my fingers up this curtaine heaue_, softly my curtaines
lett my fingers heaue.

101 _make_, send; _happie_, happye; _stealing_, sailing; _degreese_,

102 _First bare hir leggs, then creepe up to hir kneese_, First vnto
the feete, and then vnto the kneese.

103 _From thence_, And soe; _unto_, vnto; _mannely_, manly.

104 _lingring_, lingering; _am so_, come soe.

105 _Smock_, Smocke; _climbe_, clime.

106 _Oh heaven and paradise are all_, all earthly pleasures seeme to

107 _Compar'd with this sight I now_, Compard be these delightes which

109 _prettie rysing_, prettye rising; _weame_, wenne. "Wem," spot or

110 _shone_, shine(s); _anie siluer streame_, any christall gemme.

111 _bare_, beares; _bending_, riseing; _an_, a.

112 _a fountaine dwelleth still_, the(r) runnes a fountayne still.

113 _his_, her; _uglie bryers_, rugged briers.

114 _duskie_, duskye; _wyres_, wires.

115 _loftie_, lusty; _veines_, vaines.

116 _comelie_, comely; _distreines_, restraines. "Distreines," to
seize, to touch.

117 _wanton_, harmles; _harmlesse stype_, wanton gripe.

118 _fruites of loue oftsoone_, fruite thereof too soone

119 _And_, A; _too tymelie_, to tymely; _the stemme_, his springe.

120 _To dye ere it hath seene Jerusalem_, it is, dyes ere it can
enioye the vsed thinge.

121 _Gods_, Godes; _euer anie_, ever any; _so_, soe.

122 _So suddenlie_, soe suddenly; _awaie_, awaye.

123 _Hir_, Her; _are spread and I am all unarm'd_, and legges and all
were spredd, But I was all vnarmed.

124 _Lyke_, like; _with_, that; _charm'd_, charmd.

125 Omitted in Rawl. MS.

126 _spend their_, spent there; _hir_, your.

128 _It_, Yt; _beawtie cann_, beauty can.

129 _clap_, clipp; _I feele, I view_, I wincke, I feele.

130 _dead he lyes_, lyes he dead; _thinking_, feeling.

131 _Unhappie me_, By Holly dame; _stand_, staund.

132 _Com_, now; _rubb_, roule; _chafe_, rub; _with_, in.

133 _Perhaps_, perhapps; _sillie_, seely; _is labour'd_, hath

134 _wearied that it can_, worked soe that it cann.

135 _If it be so_, Which if it be; _am greate a-dread_, doe greately

136 _tenne_, ten; _were_, weare.

137 _How ere it is_, What ere it be; _no_, noe; _want_, lacke.

138 _maie auaile to_, maye avayle for; _recouerie_, recoverye.

139 _saide_, said; _and rould_, & rowld; _hir thigh_, her thighe.

140 _And when she look't on't she would weepe and sighe_, and looking
downe on it, did groane and sighe.

141 _dandled_, haundled; _dancet_, daunced; _up_, vpp; _doune_, downe.

142 _she rais'd_, shee raisd; _his swoune_, her sound.

143 _he flue_, it flewe; _hir_, her; _he_, it.

144 _hir breeche did hack and fayne_, her breech laboured & foam'd.

145 _prickt, and pierst her_, peirct her euer.

146 _farre_, deepe; _might_, could digg; "eath," easy.

147 _stryking_, stricking; _and_, &.

148 _Now dyuing deepe he toucht hir_, And diving deeper, peircte her.

149 _gird_, girde.

150 _Straite_, then; _statlie_, stately.

151 _him_, he; _so_, soe.

152 _pacient Grissill_, patient Grissell; _hir warde_, his ward.

153 _blythe_, blith; _free_, fresh.

154 _ere-more_, euer; _midle_, middle of the.

155 _him hir eyes continualy_, her his eyes Continually.

156 _hir eye-beames his_, his eye-browes her; _looke's_, eyes.

157 _twixt_, betwixt; _plaies_, playes.

158 _one_, the one; _th'other cast's rebounding_, the other casting

159 _He lyke_, She like; _reguild_, requite.

160 _Sucks-in_, suckes; _of Phebus_, of sweete Phebus.

161 _lynes_, beames: _descending_, discending.

162 _bright_, deepest; _hir dearest sight_, the purest light.

163 _Planet_, plannet.

164 _Hir puritie_, her puritye.

165 _verie chamber_, verye Chamber; _enclouds_, includes.

166 _Lookes lyke_, seemes as; _that God deuine_, the gods devine.

167 _Who_, Whoe; _daie_, daye; _Zodiake_, Zodiacke.

168 _euerie euen discends to th'oceane_, in the even, settes of the

169 _So fierce_, soe feirce; _is hir radiance_, in her radiaunce.

170 _fyrie stakes_, flyeing breath; _darts_, dartes; _euerie glance_,
every glaunce.

171 _enflame_, inflame; _icie limmes_, verry mappe.

172 _make_, cause; _his seignedrie to aswage_, him suddenly tasswage.

173 _To_, and; _upon her_, vppon those; _lamps_, lampes.

174 _his chiefest ioyes encamps_, his ioyes incampes.

175-6 Omitted in Rawl. MS.

177 _Thus gazing, and thus striuing, we perseuer_, Thus striking, thus
gazeing, we perseuere.

178 _what so firme_, nought soe sure; _maie_, will; _euer_, ever.

179 _Oh!_ Fleete; _rauisht Mistris cryes_, ravisht senses cries.

180 _Leaste_, sith; _content that on_, Content vppon.

181 _Be_, Which; _too_, soe; _seat_, seates.

182 _And me unwares of hoped bliss defeat_, me vnawares of blissefull
hope defeates. Here occur two lines in the Rawl. MS. which do not
appear in the Petyt MS., as follows:

  Togeather lett our equall motions stirr,
  Togeather lett vs liue and dye, my deare;

183 _Together lett us marche unto content_, Togeather let vs march
with one contente.

184 _consumed with one blandishment_, Consum(e)d without

185 _prescrib'd, so kept we crochet_, prescribed so keepe we clocke

186 _lyke_, like; _chyme_, chime.

187 _Whilst she_, soe shee; _had preseru'd_, here preferd; _pittie_,

188 _Unto_, vnto; _musike_, musicke; _dittie_, dittye.

190 _Euen_, even; _blisse and sorrowe doeth_, ioyes and sorrowes doe.

191 _lapp_, lappe; _louelie_, louely.

192 _entretaine the_, entertaine this; _shoure so free_, showry see.

193 _trikling falles_, drisling fall(es); _treasurie_, treasurye.

194 _As Aprill-drops_, Sweete Aprill flowers; _half so_, halfe soe.

195 _overflowe to Ægipt-plaines_, overfloweinge Egipt playne.

196 _As this sweet-streames_, as is the balme; _hir ioints imbaynes_,
her woombe destreynes.

197 _With Oh! and Oh! she itching moues hir hipps_, Now! oh now! she
trickling moues her lippes.

198 _And_, and often; _full lightlie starts and skips_, she lightly
startes and skippes.

199 _ierkes_, yerkes; _leggs_, legges; _sprauleth_, fresketh.

200 _No_, noe; _maie_, can; _solace_, pleasures.

201 _I faint! I yeald! Oh death, rock me_, I come! I come! sweete
death, rocke mee.

202 _entombed_, intombe me.

203 _my deare, my dearest saint_, my deare, and dearest she.

204 _For, from us yett, thy spirit maie_, from us two (yett) this
pleasure must.

205 _Untill_, Vntill; _channels_, Chambers.

206 _Without their source_, Withould themselues; _imprisoned_, newe

207 _will we_, we will; _com too_, come soe.

209 _whilst_, whilest; _speake_, speke; _is fleeting_, in stealing.

210 _fleshie_, earthly.

213 _but an houre_, but one houre; _an houre is_, one houre is; _so_,

214 _But_, nay; _if that_, and if.

217 _Maie be alightned with a little pause_, Maye now be lengthened by
a litle pawse.

218 _awaie_, awaye; _sudden_, suddaine.

221 _riuers nere returne_, riuer nere returnes.

222 _springe_, spring; _must helpe me or_, must helpe, or elles.

223-34 Omitted in Rawl. MS.

235 _Hence-forth no more will I implore thine_, Hensforth I will noe
more implore thine.

236 _or man of cowardize upbrayde_, for ever of Cowardise shall

237 _dilldo_, dildoe; _suply their_, supplye your.

238 _knaue_, youth; _moues_, is; _by_, in.

239 _That_, He; _anie_, any.

241-42 Omitted in Rawl. MS.

243 _For, by saint Runnion, he'le_, And when I will he doth.

244 _make_, makes; _bellie_, belly.

245 _whose triumph now_, thy kingdome needes; _falle_, fall.

246 _Except_, eccept; _walle_, wall.

247 _usurps_, vsurpes; _boure_, bower.

248 _undermines_, vndermines; _euerie howre_, euery hower.

249 _sly he_, slyly; _betwixt_, betwene.

250 _sucks_, suckes; _whilst_, while; _detaineth_, deteyneth.

251 _page_, lake; _stound_, sound. "Stound," a moment.

252 "tent," to search out.

253 _Courtlie Nimphs_, courtly nimphs; _be so_, are full.

254 _blynd-alluring_, blind-alluring.

255-6 Omitted in Rawl. MS.

257 _fortifies disdaine_, fortifyes disdayne; _forraine_, foraigne.

258 _And wanton-chaste deludes_, while wantons chast delude.

259 _anie_, any; _Mistris serue's_, Mistres serve.

260 _Or_, and; _(unhappie) pines and staru's_, full deeply pyne and

261-64 Omitted in Rawl. MS.

265 _womans secretarie_, woemans secretary.

266 _Lett_, let.

267 _handfulls highe_, handfulles high.

268 _plumb_, plump; _yett hauing_, and having.

269 _rhewme so feruentlie doeth raigne_, rheume soe fervently doth

270 _That_, the; _gulph maie_, gulfe can; _containe_, conteyne. Here
follow, in the Rawl. MS., lines 290-93 of the Petyt; lines 292-3 being
also reversed in the Rawl. text.

271 _Attired_, attird; _veluet_, velvet.

272 _nourisht_, norisht; _hott_, warme; _milk_, milke. "Whott," hot.

273 _Arm'd otherwhile_, Running sometymes.

274 _more glib_, more like; _to hell be lowe_, downe into hell.

275 _charriot_, chariot; _rydes_, rides.

276 _The which an arme strong driuer stedfast_, An arme strong guider
steadfastly him.

278 _who_, whoe; _pathes unknowne_, places vnknowne; _gate_, pace.

279 _Sometimes_, sometymes; _smoothlie slideth doune a_, smoothly
slippeth downe a.

280 _Another while_, some other tymes.

281 _clammie waies_, clayey wayes; _treaddeth_, treadeth.

282 _plasheth and sprayeth_, placeth himself &; _be him nye_, standeth

283 _So_, soe; _iollie rider_, royall rider.

284 _Plunging and sousing_, Plungeing & sowsing; _lyke_, like.

285 _He dasht, and spurted, and he plodded_, Bedasht, bespotted, and

286 _blinde_, foule.

287 _Fy-fy, for grief_, But free from greife; _ladies chamberlaine_,
ladyes chamberlayne.

288 _not thou_, thou not: _refraine_, refrayne.

289 _reade thee_, tell the; _blab_, blabb. "Reade," warn.

290 _aduised_, advisd; _thou vainelie_, thou soe vainely.

291 Transposed in Rawl. MS. with line 292; _wilt_, shouldst.

292 _Cicelie shewe but_, Illian queene knowe; _knauerie_, bravery.

293 _Denis shield_, Dennis sheild; _female sprites_, femall sprightes.

294 _Dames_, dames; _Cupid's Poet_, Cupid's poett.

295 _pennd_, pen; _storie onelie_, story onely.

296 _Who giuing suck unto a childish Elfe_, And, giving yt to such an
actuall Elfe.

297 _And_, am; _discourag'd_, discoraged; _nurserie_, mistery.

298 _hir_, her; _penurie_, misery.

300 _seaventh iournie_, seauenth Iourny.

301 _want_, wantes; _hearbe's_, omitted; _and_, &; _soile_, soyle.

302 _wearie_, weary; _toile_, toyle.

303 _Druggs or Electuaries of new devise_, Or drugges or electuaryes
of newe devises.

304 _Doe shunne_, that shame; _that trembles_, & tremble; _the_, thie;
_price_, prices. In the Rawl. MS., lines 307-8 of the Petyt MS. follow

305 _Sufficeth all I haue, I yeald hir hole_, For that I allwayes had,
I payd the wole.

307 _I paie our hostess_, I paid of both the; _and_, &; _at moste_,

308 _And_, yet; _and_, &; _anie_, any.

309 _can_, cann.

310 _doune_, downe.

311 _climbe_, clims; _banks_, bankes.

312 _gentlemen, if I_, gentleweomen doth this; _not thanks_, no

313 _so_, soe: _unto_, vnto.

314 _thread_, thred; _plaie is donne_, playes done.

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