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Title: The Romance of the Coast
Author: Runciman, James, 1852-1891
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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London: George Bell and Sons,
York Street, Covent Garden.
Chiswick Press:--C. Whittingham and Co., Tooks Court,
Chancery Lane.



THE EDITOR OF THE _James's Gazette._


I dedicate this little book to you. When you first gave me the chance of
escaping from the unkindly work of political journalism, I used to think
that your treatment of efforts which I thought extremely fine, was
somewhat heartless. I am glad now that I have passed under your severe
discipline, and I am proud to be one of the school of writers whose
professional success is due to your help and training.

I am, Dear Sir,

Yours very faithfully,




AN OLD-SCHOOL PILOT                              1

AN UGLY CONTRAST                                 6

THE FISHERWOMAN                                 11

THE VETERAN                                     16


THE SILENT MEN                                  27

THE CABIN-BOY                                   33

THE SQUIRE                                      40

THE VILLAGE PREACHER                            47

THE FISHER'S FRIEND                             52

THE COASTGUARD                                  57

THE SUSPECTED MAN                               63

THE RABBIT-CATCHER                              68

THE GIANTS                                      79

THE COLLIER SKIPPER                             85

IN THE BAY                                      90

THE SIBYL                                       96

A VOLUNTEER LIFE-BRIGADE                       102

KEELMEN                                        107

BLOWN NORTH                                    113

NORTH-COUNTRY FISHERMEN                        118

A LONG CHASE                                   126

HOB'S TOMMY                                    131

THE FAILURE                                    151

MR. CASELY                                     169



At the mouth of a north-country river a colony of pilots dwelt. The men
and women of this colony looked differently and spoke a dialect
different from that used by the country people only half a mile off. The
names, too, of the pilot community were different from those of the
surrounding population. Tully was the most common surname of all, and
the great number of people who bore it were mostly black-eyed and
dark-haired, quite unlike our fair and blue-eyed north-country folk.
Antiquaries say the Romans must have lived on the spot for at least two
hundred years, judging by the coins and the vast quantities of household
materials unearthed; and so some persons have no difficulty in
accounting for the peculiarities of the pilot colony. Speculations of
this sort are, however, somewhat beside the mark. It is only certain
that the pilots lived amongst themselves, intermarried, and kept their
habits and dialect quite distinct. When a pilot crossed the line a
hundred yards west of his house, he met people who knew him by his
tongue to be a "foreigner."

My particular friend among the pilots was a very big man, who used, to
amuse us much by the childish gravity of his remarks. He was a remnant
of a past generation, and the introduction of steam shocked his
faculties beyond recovery. He would say: "In the old times, sir, vessels
had to turn up here. It was back, fill, and shiver-r-r all the way; but
now you might as well have sets of rails laid on the water and run the
ships on them. There is no seamanship needed." He never quite forgave
the Commissioners for deepening the river. As he said in his trenchant
manner: "There used to be some credit in bringing a ship across the bar
when you were never quite sure whether she would touch or not; but now
you could bring the 'Duke of Wellington' in at low water. These
kid-gloved captains come right up to their moorings as safe as if they
were driving a coach along the road." He was quite intolerant of
railways, too; but then his first experience of the locomotive engine
was not pleasant. Somehow he got on to the railway line on a hazy night;
and just as the train had slowed down to enter the station the engine
struck him and knocked him over. The engine-driver became aware of a
brief burst of strong language, and in great alarm called upon two
porters to walk along the line to see what had happened. They did so of
course, and when they got to the place of the accident the light of
their lanterns revealed the pilot perfectly sound and engaged in
brushing dirt off his clothes. When he saw the bright buttons of the
railway officials the thought of the police came instantly into his
mind, and he said, "Here, now, you needn't be taking me up; if I've done
any damage to your engine I'll pay for it." At another time he was
bringing a ship northwards when he was invited by the captain to run
down below and help himself to a nip of brandy. After taking his brandy
he proceeded to light his pipe at the stove. Now the captain possessed a
large monkey, and the creature was shivering near the fire. The pilot
said, "A gurly day, sir;" and the monkey gave a responsive shiver. Tho
pilot went on with affable gruffness, "The Soutar light's away on the
port bow now, sir;" and still the monkey made no answer. Not to be
stalled off, the pilot proceeded, "We'll be over the bar in an hour,
sir." But failing to elicit a response even to this pleasant
information, he stepped up on deck, and ranging himself alongside of the
captain on the bridge, said, "What a quiet chap your father is!"

The first time I saw my poor friend I liked him. We lived in a lonely
house that stood on the cliffs at a bleak turn of the coast. One wild
morning a coble beat into our cove. It looked as though the sea must
double on her every second; but just when the combers shot at her most
dangerously the man at the tiller placed the broad square stern at right
angles to the path of the travelling wave, and she lunged forward
safely. By dexterous jockeying she was brought close in, and the men
came through the shallow water in their sea-boots. They were blue with
cold, and begged for a little tea or coffee. Hot cakes and coffee
happened to be just ready; so the fellows had a hearty breakfast and
went away. With prolonged clumsiness the pilot shook the hand of the
lady who had entertained him; and in two days after the boat sailed into
the cove again amid nasty weather, and the master came ashore with a
set of gaudy wooden bowls painted black and red. These he solemnly
presented to the lady of the house. He had run thirty miles against a
northerly sea to bring them.

When I next saw the pilot he had fallen upon very hard times. The system
of keeping "privileged men" had obtained great hold in the north. The
privileged pilot does not need to go out and beat about at sea in search
of vessels; he can lie comfortably in his bed until he is signalled, and
then he steps aboard without any of the trouble of competition. However
good this system may be in a general way, it bears very hardly on the
poor fellows who have to lie off for two or three days together on the
chance of getting a ship. We were passing by Flamborough Head in a large
steamer when the mate came down below and said, "There is a pilot-boat
from our town astern there, sir." The captain shouted, "Tell them to
stop her directly and take the coble in tow." We then blew our whistle,
and the pilot-boat drew up alongside. My friend stepped aboard, and the
captain said, "Come away down and have some breakfast." The pilot tried
to speak, but his voice broke. He said: "No, I can't eat. When you
passed us, we baith started to cry; and when you whistled for us, maw
heart com' oot on its place, an' it'll gan back ne mair." The poor men
had had no food for two days. In spite of his tragic statement, the
pilot recovered, and ate a very good breakfast indeed; and his boat
towed astern of us till he placed us at our moorings.

He met his end like a brave man in the great October gale which all of
us remember. He was down on the pier smoking with his friends in the
watch-house and looking out occasionally for distressed vessels. The
great seas were hurling themselves over the stone-work and shattering
into wild wreaths of foam on the sand. Strong men who showed themselves
outside full in the face of the wind were blown down flat as if they had
been tottering children. The wind sounded as though it were blown
through a huge trumpet, and the sea was running nine feet on the bar. A
small vessel fought through, and appeared likely to get into the
fairway. She showed her port light for a time, and all seemed going
well. Suddenly she opened both her red and her green lights, and it was
seen that she was coming dead on for the pier. Presently she struck
hard, within thirty yards of the stone-work. There was wild excitement
amongst the brigade men, for they saw that she must be smashed into
matchwood in five minutes. The rockets were got ready; but before a shot
could be fired the ill-fated vessel gave way totally. A great sea rushed
along the side of the pier, and the pilot saw something black amongst
the travelling water. "There's a man!" he shouted; and without a
moment's thought plunged in, calling on the other fellows to pitch him a
rope. Had he tied a line around his waist before he jumped he would have
been all right. As it was, the Dutchman whom he tried to save was washed
clean on to the pier and put safely to bed in the brigade-house. The
pilot was not found until two days afterwards.


The steam-tug "Alice," laden with excursionists from several Tyneside
towns, struck in the autumn of 1882 on the Bondicar Rocks, sixteen miles
north of Blyth. The boat was not much damaged, and could easily have
been run into the Coquet River within a very few minutes if the
passengers had only kept steady. But the modern English spirit came upon
the men, and a rush was made for the boat. Women and children were
hustled aside; and the captain of the tug had to threaten certain
persons of his own sex with violence before he could keep the crowd
back. Some twenty-seven people clambered into the boat, and then a man
of genius cut away the head-rope, and flung the helpless screaming
company into the sea. Twenty-five of them were drowned. It will be a
relief if time reveals any ground of hope that the men of our
manufacturing towns will lose no more of the virtues which we used to
think a part of the English character--coolness and steadiness and
unselfishness in times of danger, for example. The Englishmen who live
in quiet places have not become cowardly, so far as is ascertained; nor
are they liable to womanish panic. In the dales and in the
fishing-villages along our north-east coast may still be found plenty
of brave men. Where such disgraceful scenes as that rush to the
"Alice's" boat are witnessed, or selfishness like that of the men who
got away in the boats of the "Northfleet," there we generally find that
the civilization of towns has proved fatal to coolness and courage.

Curiously enough, it happens that within six miles of the rock where the
"Alice" struck, a splendidly brave thing was done, which serves in
itself to illustrate the difference that is growing up between the race
that lives by the factory and the men who earn their bread out-of-doors.
Passing southward from the Bondicar Rocks you come to a shallow stream
that sprawls over the sand and ripples into the sea. You wade this
stream, and walk still southward by the side of rolling sand hills. The
wind hurls through the hollows, and the bents shine like grey armour on
the bluffs of the low heights. You are not likely to meet any one on
your way, not even a tramp. Presently the hills open, and you come to
the prettiest village on the whole coast. The green common slopes down
to the sea, and great woods rustle and look glad all round the margin of
the luxuriant grass-land. Along the cliff straggle a few stone houses,
and the square tower with its sinister arrow-holes dominates the row.
There is smooth water inshore; but half a mile or so out eastward there
runs a low range of rocks. One night a terrible storm broke on the
coast. The sea rose, and beat so furiously on the shore that the spray
flew over the Fisher Row, and yellow sea foam was blown in patches over
the fields. The waters beyond the shore were all in a white turmoil,
save where, far off, the grey clouds laid their shoulders to the sea
and threw down leaden shadows. Most of the ships had gone south about;
but one little brig got stuck hard-and-fast on the ledge of rocks that
runs below the village. She had eight men aboard of her, and these had
to take to the rigging; where the people on shore heard them shouting.
It is a fearful kind of noise, the crying of men in a wrecked ship.
Morning broke, and the weather was wilder than ever. There was no
lifeboat in the place, and it was plain that the vessel could not stand
the rage of the breakers much longer. It was hard to see the ship at
all, the spray came in so thickly. The women were crying and wringing
their hands on the bank; but that was of small avail. However, one
little trouting-boat lay handy, and her owner determined to go off in
her to the brig. He was a fine fellow to look at--quite a remarkable
specimen of a man, indeed. Without any flurry, without a sign of emotion
on his face, he said, "Who's coming?" His two sons stepped out, and the
boat was moved towards the water's edge.

Just then a carter came down to look at the wreck. The carter's mare was
terror-stricken by the wrath of the sea, and galloped down the beach. In
passing the coble the mare plunged, and the axle-tree of the cart staved
in the head of the boat below the water-line. This was very bad; but the
leader of the forlorn hope did not give himself time to waver. Taking
off his coat, he stuffed it into the hole; and then, calling in another
volunteer, he said, "Sit against that." The men took their places very
coolly, and the little boat was thrust out amid the broken water. Amidst
all this the face of one woman who stood looking at the men arrested my
attention. It was very white, and her eyes had a look in them that I
cannot describe, though I have seen it since in my sleep. The men in the
boat were her husband and her sons. She said nothing, but kept her hands
tightly clasped; and her lips parted every time the boat rose on the
crown of a wave. We could not see those good fellows half the time: all
we could tell was that the man who was sitting against the jacket had to
bale very hard. Presently the deep bow of the boat rose over a
travelling sea, and she ground on the sand. She was heavily laden with
the brig's crew of limp and shivering Danish seamen. And it was not a
moment too soon for her to be ashore: the brig parted almost directly,
and the wreckage was strewn all along the beach.

The men who did this action never had any reward. And it did not matter;
for they took a very moderate view of their own merits. They knew, of
course, that they had done a good morning's work; but it never occurred
to them that they ought to have a paragraph in the newspapers and be
called brave. The sort of courage they exhibited they would have
described, if their attention had been called to it, as "only natural."
The old hero who went through a heavy sea with a staved-in boat is still
living. His name is Big Tom, and his home is at Cresswell, in the county
of Northumberland. He does not know that he is at all heroic; but it is
pleasant to think of him after reading about those wretched
excursionists who drowned each other in sheer fright within sight of his
home. He has often saved life since then. But when he puts out to sea
now he does not need to use a stove-in coble: he is captain of the
smart lifeboat; and his proudest possession is a photograph which shows
his noble figure standing at the bow.


On bleak mornings you might see the movements of Peggy's stooping figure
among the glistening brown weeds that draped the low rocks; and somehow
you always noticed her most on bleak mornings. When the joy of the
summer was in the air, and the larks were singing high up in the sky, it
seemed rather pleasant than otherwise to paddle about among the quiet
pools and on the cold bladder-wrack. But when the sky was leaden, and
the wind rolled with strange sounds down the chill hollows, it was
rather pitiful to see a barefooted woman tramping in those bitter
places. The sea seemed to wait for every fresh lash of the blast; and
when the grey water sprang into brief spurts of spray you felt how
cruelly Peggy's bare limbs were cut by the wind. But she took it all
kindly, and made no moan about anything. Towards eight o'clock you would
meet her tramping over the sand with her great creel full of bait slung
on her forehead. Her feet gripped at the sand, and her strong leg looked
ruddy and hard. Her hands were always rough, and covered with little
scratches received while she baited the lines; but these were no
miseries to Peggy, and her face always seemed composed and quiet. She
would not pass you without a word, and her voice was pleasant with low
gutturals. If her eyes reminded you of the sea, you put it down to a
natural fancy. They were not at all poetic or sentimental; for Peggy was
a rough woman. But something there was in the gleam of her pale clear
eyes that made you think of the far northern seas, by the borders of
which her forefathers in a remote time were probably born. As I have
said, Peggy could use very rough words when farmers' wives tired her
with too much chaffering; but mostly her face had a hard placidity that
refreshed the mind, just as it is refreshed by considering the
deliberate ways of harmless animals.

Towards eleven in the morning Peggy would be seated in her warm kitchen,
beside a flat basket in which mysterious coils of brown twine wound
round and round. The brown twine had tied to it long lines of horse-hair
snoods with sharp white hooks lashed on by slips of waxed thread. Peggy
baited one after another of these hooks and laid them dexterously so
that the line might be shot overboard without entanglement. You might
sit down in the sanded kitchen to talk to the good woman if you were not
nice about fishy odours. If you led on to such subjects, she would bring
out her store of ghostly stories: how a dead lady walked in the
shrubberies by the tower after the squire's sons murdered her lover; and
how the old clock in the tower had a queer light travelling over its
face on one day of the year. Or she would gossip about the folks in the
place; telling you how poor Jemmy had lost money, and how old Adam had
got a rare stocking, and him meeting the priest every day like a poor
man. You might smoke as much as you liked in Peggy's kitchen; and for
various reasons it was just as well to keep smoking: the sanitary
principles of Dr. Richardson are not known in the villages on the coast.
Peggy herself did not smoke, because it was not considered right for
women to use tobacco until they were past the age of sixty-five. After
that they had their weekly allowance with the groceries. In the evenings
of bright days you saw Peggy at her best. When the dusk fell, and the
level sands shone with a deep smooth gloss, you would see strange
figures bowing with rhythmic motions. These figures were those of women.
All the women of the village turn out on the sand to hunt for sand-eels.
To catch a sand-eel requires long practice. You take two iron hooks, and
work them down deep in the sand when the tide has just gone. With quick
but steady movements, you make a series of deep "criss-crosses;" and
when the fish is disturbed by the hooks you whip him smartly out, and
put him in the basket before his magical wriggle has taken him deep into
the sand again. The women stooping over the shining floor look like
ghostly harvesters reaping invisible crops. They are very silent, and
their steps are feline. Peggy worked out her day, and then she would go
home and cut up the eels for the next day's lines. In the early morning
the men came in, and then Peggy had to turn out and carry the fish to
the cart that drove inland to the coach or the railway station. It was
not a gay life; but still each fresh day brought the lads and their
father home, and Peggy could not have looked at them, and more
especially perhaps at her great sons, without being proud of her
men-folk. While they were sleeping she had to be at work, so that the
home life was restricted, but it was abundantly clear that in a rough
and silent way the whole of the family were fond of each other; and if
Peggy could spare little more than a glance when the brown sail of the
coble came in sight, it is probable that she felt just as much as ladies
who have time for long and yearning looks.

There came a time when Peggy needed no more to look out for the sail.
Her husband went stolidly down to the boat one evening, and her three
sons followed with their weighty tread. The father was a big, rugged man
with a dark face; the lads were yellow-haired, taking after their
mother. Some of the fishermen did not like the look of the evening sky,
but Peggy's husband never much heeded the weather.

Next day the wind came away very strong, and the cobles had to cower
southward under a bare strip of mainsail. The men ashore did not like to
be asked whether they thought the weather would get worse; and the women
stood anxiously at their doors. A little later and they gathered all
together on the rock-edge. One coble, finely handled, was working
steadily up to the bend where the boats ran in for the smooth water, and
Peggy followed every yard that the little craft gained. All the world
for her depended on the chance of weathering that perilous turn. The
sail was hardly to be seen for the drift that was plucked off the crests
of the waves. Too soon Peggy saw a great roller double over and fold
itself heavily into the boat. Then there was the long wallowing lurch,
and the rudder came up, while the mast and the sodden sail went under.
It was bad enough for a woman to read in some cold official list about
the death of her father, her husband, her son; but very much worse it is
for the woman who sees her dearest drowning--standing safe ashore to
watch every hopeless struggle for life. One of the fishers said to
Peggy, "Come thy ways in, my woman; and we'll away and seek them." But
Peggy walked fast across the sand and down to the place where she knew
the set of the tide would carry the dead lads in. The father came first
ashore. She wiped the froth from his lips and closed his eyes, and then
hastened further northward where her eldest son was flung on the beach.
Peggy saw in an instant that his face was bruised, and moaned at the
sight of the bruises; his father looked as though he were sleeping. The
other lads did not come ashore till next day, and Peggy would not go
home all the night through. In the dark she got away from the kind
fellows who stayed by her; and when they sought her she was kneeling in
the hollow of a sand-hill where another of her boys lay--her face
pressed against the grass.

These bold fellows were laid in the ground, and next day Peggy started
silently to work. The grandfather--that is, her husband's father, an old
man, quite broken by the loss of his son--was brought home to his son's
fireside, where the two may be seen to-day: their thoughts divided
between their dead and the business of getting bread for to-morrow.


In the mornings a chair used to be placed on the cliff-side facing the
sea, and towards ten o'clock a very old man would walk slowly down the
village street and take his seat. A little shelf held his pipe and
tobacco-jar, and he would sit and smoke contentedly until the afternoon.
The children used to play around him with perfect confidence, although
he seldom spoke to them. His face looked as if it were roughly carved
out of stone, and his complexion was of a deep rich brown. On his
watch-chain he wore several trinkets, and he was specially proud of one
thin disk: this was the Nile medal; for the old man had been in the
fight at Aboukir. He seldom spoke about his experience of life on board
a man-of-war; he was far more interested in bestowing appreciative
criticism on the little coasters that flitted past northward and
southward, and in saying severe things about the large screw colliers.
But although he had little to tell about his fighting experiences, he
was a hero none the less. He lived in a little white cottage at the high
end of the Green, and a woman came every morning to attend to his simple
wants; for his old wife had died long ago. He was lonely, and not much
noticed outside the village; yet he had done, in his time, one of the
finest things known in the history of bravery.

The Veteran lived happily in his way. He had made some money in a small
sloop with which he used to run round to the Firth; good things were
sent to him from the Hall; and the head gardener had orders to let him
have whatever fruit and vegetables he wanted. He had no wish to see
populous places: his uneventful life was varied enough for his desires.
If he were properly coaxed, he was willing to tell many things about
Nelson; but, strange to say, he was not fond of the great Admiral.
Collingwood was his man, and he always spoke with reverence about the
north-country sailor. He cared very little for glory; and he estimated
men on the simple principle that one kind man is worth twenty clever
ones and a hundred plucky ones. The story of his acquaintance with
Collingwood and Nelson was strange. In 1797 the Veteran was just
nineteen years old; but he had already got command of a little sloop
that plied up the Firth, and he was accounted one of the best sailors on
the coast. His father was a hearty man of eight-and-forty, and had
retired from the sea.

Now it happened that the wealthiest shipowner of the little port had a
very wild and unsteady son, who was a ship captain and sailed one of his
father's vessels. The shipowner was anxious to see some steady man sail
with his lad; so he asked the Veteran's father to go as mate of a barque
which the son was going to take out to Genoa. The terms offered were so
very tempting that the old man decided to take another short spell of
the sea; and when the Veteran next brought his little sloop on to the
Hard, he found his father had run round to Hull in the barque. The young
captain, of whom the old man had taken charge, behaved very badly during
the southerly trip, and in the end had delirium tremens. During the
whole of the night the madman divided his time between giving
contradictory orders and crying out with fear of the dreadful things
which he said were chasing him. On the night after the vessel brought up
at Hull he staggered aboard, and stumbled into the cabin. Sitting down
at the table, he set himself deliberately to insult his mate, who had
been quietly reading. He called the old man a pig, and asked him why he
had not gone to his sty. Finding that all his insults were received with
good humour, he grew bolder, and at last went round the table and hit
out heavily. A white mark appeared on the mate's cheek where the blow
landed, and in return he delivered a tremendous right-hander full in the
captain's face. The bully was lifted off his feet and fell against the
cabin-door, crashing one of the panels out. He rose, wiped the blood
from his mouth, and went ashore.

The lieutenant of a frigate which was lying in the harbour was ashore
with a press-gang. The drunkard went and declared that the Veteran's
father had been insubordinate, and showed a bruised face in evidence. So
in the grey of the morning the naval officer and half-a-dozen seamen
came under the barque's quarter and climbed aboard. The old man was
walking the deck, being very much perturbed about the last night's
affray, and he grasped the whole situation at once. He picked up a
handspike and got ready to defend himself; but the seamen made a rush,
and a blow with the flat of a heavy cutlass knocked the old sailor
senseless. When he came to himself he found that he was on board the

Two days after the Veteran was strolling along the quay in all the glory
of white duck and blue pilot cloth. (Sailors were great dandies in those
days, and every one of the little ports from the Firth to the Foreland
had its own particular fashion in the matter of go-ashore rig.) The
Veteran was going to be married as soon as his next trip was over; and
on this particular evening he intended to stroll through the lanes and
see his sweetheart, who was a farmer's daughter. A fine southerly breeze
was blowing, and a little fishing smack crossed the bar and ran up the
harbour, lying hard over with press of sail. The Veteran had the
curiosity to wait until the little craft had brought up, and he watched
the dingy come ashore with two men aboard. He was very much surprised
to hear one of the men mention his name; so he turned to ask what was
wanted. The fisherman handed him a dirty letter, and on opening it the
Veteran found that it was from one of the able seamen aboard the barque.
The writer briefly told the circumstances, and then added that there
would be no delivery from the guard ship for four days. Within two hours
the smack was beating away to the southward with the Veteran in her. He
had bidden his sweetheart good-bye, telling her quietly that they could
not be married for a long time; but she did not know then how very long
it would be.

The Veteran helped to work the smack round to the Humber, and it is
probable that his thoughts during the trip were not cheerful. He had
asked a friend to take charge of his sloop, and had rapidly
countermanded all the preparations that were being made for his
marriage. On arriving at Hull the Veteran went at once on board the
guardship, and was shown into the commander's cabin. His business was
soon over, and a sergeant of marines took him down to the wretched
cockpit, where he found his father lying with cloths about his head. The
lad said quite simply, "I want you to go ashore, father, and look after
the girl until I come back; I have volunteered in your stead." The old
man would have liked to argue the point; but he knew that his son would
not give way, and so he submitted.

Long afterwards the Veteran used to tell us that that was one of the
best moments of his life, although his heart had been so heavy at going
away from home. So the young sailor joined the "Minotaur" and fought at
the Nile. He was many years at sea; and before he got back to the town
he had risen to be sailing-master of a forty-four. When he came to be
married, all the little vessels in the harbour made themselves gay with
their colours, and the church bells were rung for him as though he had
been a great personage.

He lived long enough for his brief story to be forgotten; and only the
clergyman and the squire, among all the people of the village where he
died, knew that the old man was in the least a hero. They knew that he
was fond of children, and they were all willing to run to oblige him.
Perhaps he wanted no better reward. In these days of advertisement,
much would have been made of him; for the great Collingwood had
specially mentioned him for a brilliant act of bravery. As it was, he
got very little pension and no fame.


Until she was nineteen years old, Dorothy lived a very uneventful life;
for one week was much the same as another in the placid existence of the
village. On Sunday mornings, when the church-bells began to ring, you
would meet her walking over the moor with a springy step. Her shawl was
gay, and her dress was of the most pronounced colour that could be
bought in the market-town. Her brown hair was gathered in a net, and her
calm eyes looked from under an old-fashioned bonnet of straw. Her feet
were always bare, but she carried her shoes and stockings slung over her
shoulder. When she got near the church she sat down in the shade of a
hedge and put them on; then she walked the rest of the distance with a
cramped and civilized gait. On the Monday mornings early she carried the
water from the well. Her great "skeel" was poised easily on her head;
and, as she strode along singing lightly without shaking a drop of water
over the edge of her pail, you could see how she had come by her erect
carriage. When the boats came in, she went to the beach and helped to
carry the baskets of fish to the cart. She was then dressed in a sort of
thick flannel blouse and a singular quantity of brief petticoats. Her
head was bare, and she looked far better than in her Sunday clothes. If
the morning were fine she sat out in the sun and baited the lines, all
the while lilting old country songs in her guttural dialect. In the
evening she would spend some time chatting with other lasses in the Row;
but she never had a very long spell of that pastime, for she had to be
at work winter and summer by about five or six in the morning. The
fisher-folk do not waste many candles by keeping late hours. She was
very healthy and powerful, very ignorant, and very modest. Had she lived
by one of the big harbours, where fleets of boats come in, she might
have been as rough and brazen as the girls often are in those places.
But in her secluded little village the ways of the people were
old-fashioned and decorous; and girls were very restrained in their
manners. No one would have taken her to be anything more than an
ordinary country girl had not a chance enabled her to show herself full
of bravery and resource.

Every boat in the village went away North one evening, and not a man
remained in the Row excepting three very old fellows, who were long past
work of any kind. When a fisherman grows helpless with age he is kept by
his own people, and his days are passed in quietly smoking on the
kitchen settle or in looking dimly out over the sea from the bench at
the door. But a man must be sorely "failed" before he is reduced to
idleness, and able to do nothing that needs strength. A southerly gale,
with a southerly sea, came away in the night, and the boats could not
beat down from the northward. By daylight they were all safe in a
harbour about eighteen miles north of the village. The sea grew worse
and worse, till the usual clouds of foam flew against the houses or
skimmed away into the fields beyond. When the wind reached its height
the sounds it made in the hollows were like distant firing of
small-arms, and the waves in the hollow rocks seemed to shake the ground
over the cliffs. A little schooner came round the point, running before
the sea. She might have got clear away, because it was easy enough for
her, had she clawed a short way out, risking the beam sea, to have made
the harbour where the fishers were. But the skipper kept her close in,
and presently she struck on a long tongue of rocks that trended far out
eastward. The tops of her masts seemed nearly to meet, so it appeared as
if she had broken her back. The seas flew sheer over her, and the men
had to climb into the rigging. All the women were watching and waiting
to see her go to pieces. There was no chance of getting a boat out, so
the helpless villagers waited to see the men drown; and the women cried
in their shrill, piteous manner. Dorothy said, "Will she break up in an
hour? If I thowt she could hing there, I would be away for the
lifeboat." But the old men said, "You can never cross the burn." Four
miles south, behind the point, there was a village where a lifeboat was
kept; but just half-way a stream ran into the sea, and across this stream
there was only a plank bridge. Half a mile below the bridge the water
spread far over the broad sand and became very shallow and wide. Dorothy
spoke no more, except to say "I'll away." She ran across the moor for a
mile, and then scrambled down to the sand so that the tearing wind might
not impede her. It was dangerous work for the next mile. Every yard of
the way she had to splash through the foam, because the great waves were
rolling up very nearly to the foot of the cliffs. An extra strong sea
might have caught her off her feet, but she did not think of that; she
only thought of saving her breath by escaping the direct onslaught of
the wind. When she came to the mouth of the burn her heart failed her
for a little. There was three-quarters of a mile of water covered with
creamy foam, and she did not know but what she might be taken out of her
depth. Yet she determined to risk it, and plunged in at a run. The sand
was hard under foot, but, as she said, when the piled foam came softly
up to her waist she "felt gey funny." Half-way across she stumbled into
a hole caused by a swirling eddy, and she thought all was over; but her
nerve never failed her, and she struggled till she got a footing again.
When she reached the hard ground she was wet to the neck, and her hair
was sodden with her one plunge "overhead." Her clothes troubled her with
their weight in crossing the moor; so she put off all she did not need
and pressed forward again. Presently she reached the house where the
coxswain of the lifeboat lived. She gasped out, "The schooner! On the
Letch! Norrad."

The coxswain, who had seen the schooner go past, knew what was the
matter. He said, "Here, wife, look after the lass," and ran out. The
"lass" needed looking after, for she had fainted. But her work was well
done; the lifeboat went round the point, ran north, and took six men
ashore from the schooner. The captain had been washed overboard, but the
others were saved by Dorothy's daring and endurance.


Two very reckless fellows used always to go fishing together, and used
also to spend their leisure together. One was known as Roughit; and the
other was called Lance. Roughit was big, with heavy limbs and a rather
brutal face. He wore his hair and beard very long, and his eyes looked
morosely from under thick reddish eyebrows. He scarcely ever spoke to
anybody; and some of the superstitious fishermen did not like to meet
him in the morning, because they thought he always brought them bad
luck. Lance was a handsome man, with small hands and feet. He was not
like the shaggy giants of the village--and, indeed, it had been said
that some people at the Hall knew more about his parentage than might at
first sight be supposed. The two men never talked much, and never
exchanged any kind of greeting when they met and parted. Both of them
were such expert boatmen that excepting on very dark nights they
scarcely needed to communicate except by signs.

On summer afternoons when the herrings were coming southward Roughit
would knock at Lance's door and pass on without a word. Presently Lance
would come out, with his oilskins over one arm and his water-bottle
swung by his side. The coble was lifted on to the launching-wheels and
run down to the water; then the two men took their places, and the boat
stole away northward over the bay. They never carried their fish to any
big port, because their boat was so small that it was not worth their
while. They always ran back to their own village and sold their catch to
the farmers and labourers in their own neighbourhood. When the boat was
beached, Roughit and Lance had their nets driven up to the great green
and then spread in the sun for an hour or two. They sat smoking and
listening to the larks that sung against one another over the common.
About one o'clock they strode home together and went to bed until it was
time to go north once more.

The herring season is the pleasantest for fishermen. It is their
harvest; and they have little real hardship and a good deal of
excitement. On calm nights, after the nets are shot, there are hours of
keen expectancy, until the oily flicker on the surface of the water
tells that the great shoal is moving to its fate; then there is the wild
bustle among the whole fleet while the nets are hauled in; and then
comes the pleasant morning lounge after the fish are sold.

Roughit and Lance were always lucky, and made lots of money during the
summer and autumn. In winter times were harder for them. They mostly did
all their work in the daytime, and sent their fish round to their
customers in the afternoons. In the evenings they sat on the bench in
the tavern and smoked silently until the time came for expeditions of
another sort. The friends were great poachers, and they carried on
their operations like a pair of vicious and well-trained lurchers.
Roughit had a small lightly built dog, bred between a collie and
greyhound; Lance had a big Bedlington terrier; and these two dogs were
certain to be the death of any hare they made up their minds to catch.
Lance and Roughit would sit down by the fence beside a gate; the lurcher
lay quietly down beside the gate-post, while the terrier slipped through
the gap in the hedge and sneaked quietly round to the top of the field.
When he had reached the furthermost hedge, he began to beat slowly down
towards his confederate: there would come a quick thud, thud of feet;
then a scraping on the bars of the gate; then a shrill squeak; and the
lurcher cantered quietly up with his game to the place where the two
fishermen sat. If old Sam, the Squire's gamekeeper, had ever had a
chance of putting a charge of shot into either of the dogs he would not
have thrown it away. But the brutes usually stayed indoors all day, and
never went rummaging the coverts on their own account. Roughit showed no
signs of sporting instinct; but Lance really liked the fun, and was
willing to run all kinds of risks.

Year after year the friends lived their silent life, dividing their time
between fishing, poaching, and drinking. Sometimes a spell of bad
weather came, and all day long the spray flew over the cottages and the
cold breeze covered the sand with foam. The waters roared drearily, and
the nights were bad enough to prevent the most inveterate poacher from
turning out. During the daytime Lance and Roughit would lounge on the
rock-tops, and look grimly out at the horizon, where the grey clouds
laid their shoulders to the sea. Their companionship was much like that
of lower animals: it was quite sufficient for one to know that the other
was near. They did once separate for a short time, Roughit shipped in a
merchant brig that was going round to Plymouth. The vessel made the run
in about a week; but Roughit felt very wretched during the whole time,
without knowing exactly why. At Plymouth he deserted, leaving his box
behind him, and set off on foot northwards.

One evening Lance was sitting sulkily on the ground, when he saw a man
crossing the moor. A vague curiosity caused him to walk out to meet the
stranger, and presently Roughit came up looking very dirty, and wearing
only an old sleeved waistcoat and a ragged pair of canvas trousers. He
was barefooted too, and limped a good deal. The two men simply nodded
and turned back to the village together. Neither of them asked any
questions, but they sat drinking until a late hour, and went home less
steadily than might have been wished. The people in the Row took but
little notice of this eccentric couple; for, after all, the friends did
harm to nothing except the Squire's ground-game.

When the two men were growing grizzled with advancing years the coble
which belonged to them had gone away from the fishing-ground one black
night, before a strong north-easterly gale: she shot between the Great
Farne Island and the Bird's Rock. The tide was going like a millrace,
and the solemn roar of the vast stream made very terrible music in the
dark. The men might have got into their own haven by an easy passage,
despite the gale. But both of them seemed to be always possessed by a
gloomy kind of recklessness, and when they made the village lights they
determined upon trying an entrance which was desperately difficult. In
the centre of a gap which was twenty feet wide stood a rock which was
known as "The Tailor's Needle." It stood 400 yards south of "The
Cobbler." This rock was clad in sea-weed around its base; but eight feet
of the upper part of it was bare of weeds and covered only with tiny
shells which tore the hands. On the top of the rock was a very small
platform of about one foot square, and in fine weather daring boys would
stand upright on this summit and wave to the people ashore. The rock was
covered two feet by an ordinary spring tide; but on the night when
Roughit and Lance decided to try and pass it, about a foot was above
water. There was not a great deal of sea on; indeed, there was hardly
more than what the fishermen call a "northerly lipper;" but the tide was
running with extraordinary swiftness. Roughit put the helm down and
guessed at his bearings. The boat lay hard down and tore in through the
gap. There was a long grinding crash; the weather-side lifted clean out
of the water; she dropped off the rock, and the two men were pitched
overboard. Roughit scrambled to the top, at the expense of torn hands.
He hung on as well as he could; but the spray from the combings of the
seas cut his face and blinded him. Still, he could easily have held on
till dawn, because the tide had no further to rise. He, like too many of
the fishermen, could not swim. He got hold of the edge of the rock.
There was not room for him on the ledge; so presently he said, "I am
going." Roughit answered: "No, don't do that; let me give you a haul up
here." As Lance went up on one side Roughit went off on the other. The
waves buffeted him away towards the shore, and he cried out
"Good-night!" when he had swum a few yards westward.

At dawn Lance was picked off "The Tailor's Needle," but Roughit was
found dead on the sand. Lance never forgave himself for having taken his
comrade's offer; he disliked the village, he hated the sea; and before
long he went away inland to work down in the pits.


The master of a smack was lately accused of having murdered an
apprentice; so the mob made desperate attempts to lynch the prisoner
every time he was brought before the magistrates. They heard that the
dead boy used to be beaten with ropes'-ends, kicked, dragged along the
deck, drenched with cold water, and subjected to other ingenious modes
of discipline, and they were horrified. Yet only a few years ago no
surprise or indignation greeted a skipper who habitually ill-used his
cabin-boys. If screams were heard coming from a collier in the Pool, the
men in neighbouring vessels scarcely took the trouble to turn round.
They know that some unhappy boy was being corrected; and they believed
in stripes and bruises as necessary agencies in nautical education. When
a weakly lad chanced to die he was dropped overboard, and there was an
end of the matter; the strong lads who lived through these brutalities
grew into fine sailors.

Times are altered. The old-fashioned sailor is an extinct creature, and
modern conditions have developed a totally new variety. The
old-fashioned sailor was brought up in an atmosphere of rough cruelty;
the new-fashioned sailor will submit to no tyranny whatever. The
old-fashioned skipper was very like the Hull culprit in habits and
customs; the new-fashioned skipper is overbearing and often conceited,
but rarely brutal.

They formed a strange society, did those East Coast sailors of past
days. A boy grew up in one of the brisk little ports that lay between
Wivenhoe and Spittal. The notion of inland life had no place in his
mind, for his thoughts in early years suffered a sea change. He played
on the quay, and heard the growling talk of the lounging, bearded
sailors; so that he soon became critical in the matter of ships and
seamanship. He could tell you the name of every black and apple-bowed
vessel that came curtseying over the bar on the flood tide; and he would
prove the superiority of the "Halicore" over the "Mary Jane," with many
clenching allusions to aged authorities. If the black fleet went out
with a northerly breeze blowing, he could name the ship that would be
first clear of the ruck; if the wind were off the land, he knew which
ship would be suited by having the breeze on the beam. Long before he
ever saw the outside of the bar he had heard of every point on the
coast. The possibility of becoming anything but a sailor never entered
his head. He tried to copy the flat-footed rolling walk of the seamen,
and he longed for the time when he might wear a braided cap and smoke a
pipe. While yet little more than a child he went on his trial voyage,
and had his first experience of sea-sickness. Then he was bound
apprentice for five years, his wages beginning at £8 per year, and
increasing yearly by £2 until the end of his term. His troubles began
after his indentures were signed. The average skipper had no thought of
cruelty and yet was very cruel. The poor lad had a very scanty allowance
of water for washing; yet if he appeared at breakfast-time with face and
hands unclean he was sent squeaking up to the galley with a few smart
weals tingling upon him. All sorts of projectiles were launched at him
merely to emphasize orders. The mate, the able seamen (or
"full-marrows"), the ordinary seamen (or "half-marrows") never dreamed
of signifying their pleasure to him save with a kick or an open-handed
blow. His only time of peace came when it was his watch below, and he
could lay his poor little unkempt head easily in his hammock. In bad
weather he took his chance with the men. The icy gusts roared through
the rigging; the cold spray smote him and froze on him; green seas came
over and forced him to hold on wheresoever he might. Sometimes the
clumsy old brig would drown everybody out of the forecastle, and the
little sailor had to curl up in his oilskins on the streaming floor of
the after-cabin. Sometimes the ship would have to "turn" every yard of
the way from Thames to Tyne, or from Thames to Blyth. Then the cabin-boy
had to stamp and shiver with the rest until the vessel came round on
each new tack, and then perhaps he would be forced to haul on a rope
where the ice was hardening. It might be that on one bad night, when the
fog lay low on the water and the rollers lunged heavily shoreward, the
skipper would make a mistake. The look-out men would hear the thunder of
broken water close under the bows; and then, after a brief agony of
hurry and effort, the vessel beat herself to bits on the remorseless
stones. In that case the little cabin-boy's troubles were soon over. The
country people found him in the morning stretched on the beach with his
eyes sealed with the soft sand. But in most instances he made his trips
from port to port safely enough. His chief danger came when he lay in
the London river or in the Tyne. As soon as a collier was moored in the
Pool or in the Blackwall Reach, the skipper made it a point of honour to
go ashore, and the boy had to scull the ship's boat to the landing. From
the top of Greenwich Pier to the bend of the river a fleet of tiny boats
might be seen bobbing at their painters every evening. The skippers were
ashore in the red-curtained public-houses. The roar of personal
experiences sounded through the cloud of tobacco-smoke and steam, and
the drinking was steady and determined. Out on the river the shadows
fell on the racing tide; the weird lights flickered in the brown depths
of the water; and the swirling eddies gurgled darkly and flung the boats
hither and thither. In the stern of each boat was a crouching figure;
for the little cabin-boy had to wait in the cold until the pleasures of
rum and conversation had palled upon his master. Sometimes the boy fell
asleep; there came a lurch, he fell into the swift tide, and was borne
away into the dark. Over and over again did little boys lose their lives
in this way when their thoughtless masters kept them waiting until
midnight or later.

Through hunger and cruelty and storm and stress, the luckier cabin-boy
grew in health and courage until his time was out. When he went home he
wore a thick blue coat, wide blue trousers, and a flat cap with mystic
braid; and on the quay he strolled with his peers in great majesty. Tiny
children admired his earrings and his cap and his complicated swagger.
Then in due time came the blessed day when he called himself ordinary
seaman, and when the most energetic of mates dared not thrash him
(unless, indeed, the mate happened to be much the stronger man, in which
case professional etiquette was apt to be disregarded); his pay rose to
£2 a month; he felt justified in walking regularly with a maiden of his
choice; and his brown face showed signs of moustache and beard. Then he
became A.B., then mate, and last of all he reached the glories of
mastership and £8 a month. By that time he had become a resolute,
skilful man, with coarse tastes and blunt feelings. Danger never cost
him a thought. He would swear fearfully about trifling annoyances; but
in utmost peril, when his ship was rolling yard-arm under, or straining
off the gnashing cliffs of a lee-shore, he was quiet and cool and
resigned. He took the risk of his life as part of his day's work and
made no fuss about it. He was hopelessly ignorant and wildly
conservative; he believed in England, and reckoned foreigners as a minor
species. His sinful insularity ran to ludicrous manifestations
sometimes. An old coaster was once beating up for his own harbour and
trying to save the tide. A little Danish brig got a slant of wind and
rattled in over the bar, while the collier had to stand off for six
hours. The captain was gravely indignant at this mischance, and,
sighing, said, "Ah! God cares far more for them furriners than He does
for His own countrymen."

As he grew in years his temper became worse, and his girth greater. The
violent exertion of his earlier days was exchanged for the ease of a man
who had nothing to do but stand about, eat, sleep, and throw things at
cabin-boys. He had all the peremptory disposition of an Eastern tyrant;
and the notion of being called to account for any one of his doings
would have thrown him into apoplectic surprise. So he lived out his
days, working his old tub up and down the coast with marvellous skill,
beating his boy, roaring songs when his vessel lay in the Pool, and
lamenting the good times gone by. When at last his joints grew too
stiff, and other troubles of age came upon him, he settled ashore in
some little cottage and devoted himself to quiet meditation of a
pessimistic kind. Every morning he rolled down to the quay and
criticised with cruel acuteness the habits of the younger generation of
mariners; every evening he took his place in the tavern parlour and
instructed the assembled skippers. At last the time came for him to go:
then the men whom he had scored with ropes'-ends in his day were the
first to mourn him and to speak with admiration of his educational

The skipper of the new school is a sad backslider. He would think it
undignified to beat a boy; he wears a black frock coat, keeps novels in
his cabin, wears a finger-ring, and tries to look like a ship-broker. He
mixes his north-country accent with a twang learned in the West-end
theatres, and he never goes ashore without a tall hat and an umbrella.
His walk is a grievous trouble to his mind. The ideal ship-broker has a
straight and seemly gait; but no captain who ever tried to imitate the
ship-broker could quite do away with a certain nautical roll. The
new-fashioned captain is not content with that simple old political
creed of true sailors, which began and ended with the assertion that one
Englishman could beat any six foreigners. This is crude in his eyes. He
knows all about Gladstone and the Land Bill; he is abreast of his age in
knowledge of the Eastern Question; and he claims kindred with a Party.
His self-confidence is phenomenal, but not often offensive. In short, he
is a sort of nautical bagman, with all the faults and all the
business-like virtues of his kind.


Every afternoon when the weather was bright, an erect old man used to
ride round the Fisher Row on a stout cob. If the men happened to be
sitting in the sun, on the benches, he would stop and speak to them, in
sharp, ringing accents, and he always had a word for the women as they
sat baiting their lines in the open air. He called the men by their
Christian names, and they called him by the name of his estate. None of
the fishermen ever ventured to be familiar with him; but he often held
long talks with them about commonplace matters. They considered that
they had a proprietary interest in him, and they always inquired about
his family affairs. He would tell them that Mr. Harry had gone with his
regiment to India, or that Miss Mabel had gone to stay with her aunt at
the West Moor, or, that Miss Ella was coming home from school for
altogether next month. All this cross-questioning was carried on without
the least vulgarity. The people were really anxious to hear news of the
boys and girls who had grown up amongst them, and they thought it would
please the Squire if they treated him as a sort of Patriarch.

The old man lived for nearly a century in the one place. It may be said
that not long before he died he wagered that he would reach his
hundredth year, but he missed that by three years. His whole energy and
thought were devoted to improving his estate. He had no notion of art or
things of that kind, yet he managed to make his village and its
surroundings very beautiful by long years of care. The sleepy place
where he lived was right away from the currents of modern life. If you
walked over a mile of moorland, then through five miles of deep wood,
where splendid elms and fine beeches made shade for you, you would come
at last to some rising ground, and, if you waited, you might see far
away the trailing smoke of a train. But there are men now, on the
Squire's estate, who have never seen an engine, and there must be a
score or so of the population who have never slept one night away from
their native place. While Mr. Pitt was breaking his heart over
Austerlitz; while Napoleon was playing his last throw at Waterloo; while
the Birmingham men were threatening to march on London, the Squire was
riding peacefully day by day, in the lanes and spinneys of his lovely
countryside. He never would allow a stranger to settle on his property,
and he was never quite pleased if any of the fisher girls married
pitmen. He did not mind when the hinds and the fishers intermarried, but
anything that suggested noise and smoke was an abhorrence to him, and
thus he disliked the miners. A splendid seam of coal ran beneath his
land. This coal could have been easily won; in fact, at the place where
the cliffs met the sea, a two-foot seam cropped out, and the people
could go with a pickaxe and break off a basketful for themselves
whenever they chose; but the Squire would never allow borings to be
made. He did not object to the use of coal on abstract grounds, but he
was determined that his property should not be disfigured. Once, when a
smart agent came to make proposals respecting the sinking of a pit, the
Squire took him by the shoulders and solemnly pushed him out of his
study. He fancied that a colliery would bring poachers and squalor and
drunkenness, and many other bad consequences, so he kept his fields
unsullied and his little streams pure. Without knowing it, the Squire
was a bit of a poet. For example, he had one long dell, which ran
through his woods, planted with hyacinths and the wild pink geranium.
These flowers came in bloom together, and the effect of the great sheet
of blue and pink was indescribable. He was very proud of this piece of
work, and he always looked happy as he went down the path in the spring

The Squire had the most intimate acquaintance with the circumstances of
every man, woman, and child on his property. If he rode out at two in
the afternoon and heard that a fisherman was suffering with rheumatism,
it was almost certain that the fat man-servant from the Hall would call
at the sick man's house before the day was out with blankets and wine,
and whatever else might be needed. Yet the Squire was by no means
lavish. In making a bargain with a tenant he never showed the least
generosity. On one occasion he set a number of gardeners to work in a
very large orchard where the trees were beginning to feel the effects of
time. The men were likely to be employed for at least three years, so
each of them was fixed by a formal engagement. The married men were
paid fifteen shillings a week, but on coming to a young man, the Squire
said, "Now I am going to give you a shilling a week less than the others
because you live with your mother." This sounds like the speech of a
very stingy person; but in spite of the apparent hardness of the great
landlord, poverty was never known on his estate. The hinds had to eat
barley bread, and beef and mutton were not plentiful, for the butcher's
visit only came once in the week. Yet nevertheless the men were healthy
and powerful, and the women and children were neatly and decently

Once every year the Squire met the whole of his tenants. As Michaelmas
came round he drew his rents, and then the dandy agent, the solid
farmers, and the poor cottiers sat down at one table for the rent
dinner. The strict discipline of ordinary life was relaxed, and the
Squire allowed even the fishermen to make jokes in his presence. When
the company broke up in the evening it often happened that various
members were obliged to lie down in the hedge-sides, and once the Squire
had to ride his cob right over his own head mason. The mason happened to
be thinking about nautical affairs when the grey cob swept down upon
him, and just as the Squire cleared him he cried "Ship ahoy." This
occurrence supplied the Squire with a joke which lasted nearly forty

All the sayings which the Squire dropped at the rent dinner were
carefully treasured, and formed the subject of occasional conversation
on the benches until the year went round again.

The good man did not like newspapers. When he began his life as a
landlord, at the end of the last century, the folk who lived on the
estate managed perfectly well without journals, and he did not see why a
change should be made. He never could understand why a man could not be
content with his own life, and his own sensations, instead of wanting to
know what other people in other parts of the world were saying and

About the time of the Reform agitation of 1867 he rode round to the
masons' shed. The men were having their eleven o'clock meal, and as they
ate their bread and cheese, Fat Jack, the stone-cutter, read to them one
of Mr. John Bright's speeches. The Squire did not exactly know, or care
to know, who Mr. John Bright might be, but he gathered enough from Fat
Jack's guttural elocution to cause uneasiness. He declared that if ever
the postman brought such a thing into the village again he would never
allow a letter to be delivered on his estate. But with all this bluster,
the common people knew that their landlord wished them well, and they
were ready to do anything for him.

One night, while he was dragging his trout stream, he fell into the
ugliest part of the water. He had hardly had time to come to the surface
when six men were in after him, and he had to thank each one of the six
in the same formal terms before any of them would consent to resign the
whole credit of the rescue.

His eldest son was killed in battle. Before departing for the fatal
campaign, the young officer had dragged the burn, and placed all the
brown trout that he caught in a great tarn that lay amongst the low
hills on the moor. The fish increased and multiplied until the little
lake was swarming. Big fat trout used to roll easily round on summer
evenings, and make lazy lunges at the flies. It would have been easy to
have taken twenty dozen out of the lake in a day; but the Squire said he
did not want the pond fished because his boy had stocked it. So no
native ever cast a line there, although the temptation was almost

A very smart young person came from the neighbouring market town once,
and tried the pond with the fly. He had just reached his third dozen
when he was caught by old Sam, the gamekeeper, and three fishermen. They
tied a cart-rope round his waist and threw him into the pond; they then
pitched the whole of the trout back into the water, and after that they
dragged the trespasser out, floured him carefully, and sent him on his

These incidents are not idyllic, but they serve to show what kind of a
hold a strong, just man may obtain upon simple people if he only shows
that he is ready to work for them. The whole of the tenantry and the
villagers knew that their stern old master gave up his life for their
sake. They knew that he worked like a common bailiff; they knew that he
drank nothing but water; they knew that he put by money every year with
the sole object of making improvements which might better their
condition, and they respected him accordingly.

When he reached the age of ninety-six years he was no longer capable of
guiding his pony: the pony guided him. On one afternoon the beast turned
just at the end of the Fisher Row and walked the old man quietly back
to the stables. He could not dismount without assistance, and he had to
wait in the stall, while Matchem munched his oats, until one of the
stable boys came and released him. From that day the Squire rode no
more, and the occasion was memorable, alike for fishers and hinds.

When the old man died he was followed to his grave by the entire
population from nine farms and two fishing villages. Old men of eighty,
who remembered him when he was a bright young fellow in George the
Third's time, went and stood round his grave. Everybody wanted some
remembrance of him, but this could not be attained until the clever
national schoolmaster of the village suggested that an engraving should
be made from a photograph. You cannot go into one cottage or one
farm-house on the whole of the estate without finding an engraved
portrait of the splendid old man hung in a place of honour.


The Methodists got a very strong hold in seaside places at the end of
the last century, but during the long pressure of the great War the
claims of religion were somewhat forgotten. Smuggling went on to an
extraordinary extent and the consequent demoralisation was very
apparent. The strict morality which the stern Methodists of the old
school taught had been broken, and some of the villages were little
better than nests of pirates. The decent people who lived inland were
continually molested by marauding ruffians who came from seaside
places, and to call a man a "fisher," was to label him with a term of

On Saturday nights every Fisher Row was a scene of drunken turmoil, and
on Sunday the men lounged about drinking, the women scolding, while the
old-fashioned simplicity of life seemed to be forgotten altogether.

Grave countrymen shook their heads over the terrible change. Our village
had become notorious for bad behaviour, and the old man who tried to
keep up the traditions of religion was much distressed in his mind.

This local preacher was coming over the moor one fine summer night when
the moon shone so as to make the sands and the trees round the village
look splendid. The peacefulness of the night seemed to have impressed
him, and he was occupied with his own grave thoughts.

As he passed the tavern the front door opened, and a waft of rank
tobacco came out. Then came a little mob of fishermen, many of whom were
cursing and swearing. Two of them began to fight, and the local preacher
heard the thud of heavy blows. He stepped in amongst the crowd and tried
to separate the fighters, but he only got jeered at for his pains. He
was usually very civilly treated, but the men were in drink and could
not discriminate.

The next day was Sunday, and as the evening dropped down there was a
stir in the village, and a score or two of the villagers came out on the
green. Three or four men took to playing pitch and toss, and the women
got up little quarrels on their own account. A few big fellows walked
towards the shore, and got ready the boats to go out fishing, for there
was no respect shown to the Sabbath.

At seven o'clock the local preacher took his stand in the middle of the
green, and remained there bare-headed until he had attracted attention.
He began to pray aloud, and the villagers stood grinning round him until
he had finished. He then asked the people to join him in a hymn, but
this proposal was too comic, and the men and women laughed loudly.

The preacher, however, was not a man to be stopped by a little laughter.
He actually did sing a hymn in a beautiful tenor, and, before he had
finished, some of the men seemed rather ashamed of having laughed at

One of the leaders said--"Let us hear what this born fool has to say. If
he makes very much noise we'll take and put him in one of the rain-water
barrels." A poacher proposed that the dogs should be set on him; but,
although this idea was received as a humorous contribution to the
discussion, it was not put into practice.

The preacher began a kind of rude address. He picked his words with a
certain precision, and managed to express himself in the dialect of the
people to whom he was speaking. His enthusiasm grew, and at the end of a
quarter of an hour he had obtained such complete mastery over the crowd,
that individuals amongst the audience unconsciously imitated the changes
of his face.

The man was really a kind of poet, and the villagers felt his power
without exactly knowing why. When the preaching was over, the orator
strode away home without speaking to anybody.

On the next Sunday he appeared in the same place at the same hour. Only
some half a dozen men and lads were on the green and these were gambling
as usual; but when they saw the preacher, two or three of them ran along
the Row and brought out the people. The men who had intended to go
fishing stayed out of curiosity; and not a single boat was run off the
sands that night. The next week the best part of the village population
was waiting when the preacher came. Some of the very old men were
accommodated with logs of wood which had been brought out for seats,
and the very roughest of the young men remained respectfully silent.

Some heavy clouds came over the hills and discharged a sprinkle of water
upon the group. A big man stepped out and spoke to the preacher. He was
one of the most powerful fellows on the coast, and had been a great
ruffian in his time. It was said that he once killed a man with a single
blow. He offered the preacher the use of his house, and presently all
the villagers were packed in the great sanded kitchen, and a rude
service was carried on under cover.

The work thus begun went on for years. Sometimes a little spasmodic
emotion was shown in the meetings by women who were hysterically
inclined, but in general the services were free from excitement and
vulgarity. The little tavern had to be shut up, for the men stopped

The fishermen saw the preacher roughly dressed during the week and doing
work as hard as their own, yet the influence he gained over them was so
strong that it came to be regarded as a very discreditable thing for any
man or woman to stay away from the evening services.

By-and-by the fisherman who had been the worst ruffian in the village
used to take a turn at the preaching. His remarks would have been very
laughable to outsiders, but as he was a man of strong character and
genuine feeling, his hearers took him quite seriously.

As the preacher grew old he was regarded with extreme reverence,
especially by the women, whose lives had often been very hard before the

One night the big man, who had first offered the preacher shelter, was
sitting in the kitchen when a neighbour came in. The new-comer seemed
flurried, and said--"I am going to hit you very hard. The old man's
dying. He says he wants to see you; so come you away with me." The giant
didn't put his hat on, and did not even take off his sea-boots. He ran
out at once, and strode heavily over the moor. The old man was waiting
for him, but the end was very near.

The preacher made a pathetic little joke. He said, "You once gave me
shelter. Maybe I'll have to get one of the many mansions ready for you."
Soon after that the ebb tide began to run out, and the preacher died in
the big fisherman's arms.

When the day of the funeral came, the men would not allow the corpse to
be put in the hearse; they took turns to carry the coffin over the moor,
and the women and children followed in lines.

There was a little jealousy as to who should have the old man's dog, but
there was very little need for that, because the collie went from house
to house in the Row, arranging his visits with a view to meal-times.

After a while a good Church of England clergyman took up the work that
the Primitive had begun. The fishers did not like the university man,
with his dainty accent, quite so well as their rough friend, but they
always behaved well to him, and are still a very decent and sober set of


A square stone house decked with clambering honeysuckle stood in a
lonely place about a mile to the northward of the Row. A narrow flower
garden lay to the right and left of the front, and in spring-time and
summer a delicate little lady used to come out and move gracefully about
among the flower beds. She was old, but she carried herself erect, and
her cheeks were prettily tinged. Her dress was in the style of the last
century, and she made no change in her fashions from year's end to
year's end. On Sundays she walked primly to church, wearing a quaint
deep bonnet from which her pretty face peeped archly, She reminded you
of some demure chapter in an old-world book. After she had finished with
her flowers in the mornings she would walk through the kitchen garden
and thence into her orchard. Four or five tortoise-shell cats and two
sleek spaniels followed her around, and took a dignified interest in her
proceedings. When the lady had visited the cows in the paddock she
walked through the dairy and got ready to go out. When she came out she
bore a little basket on her arm, and she went to visit her old women,
and her favourite children. Whenever she stepped into Black Mary's
kitchen that aged dame was sure to be smoking, and the little lady
would say, "Now Mary, you'll shorten your life if you keep on with that
bad habit." Mary would answer, "Well, well, I'm a long way over seventy
now, a day or two won't make a great deal of difference." This joke
pleased both parties very much, and it was always followed by the
production of enough tobacco to last Mary for a day--unless the fisher
lads chanced to steal some. After that the cottager's children had to be
seen, and those young persons looked at the basket with interest. The
dainty visitor would say, "Now Jimmy, I saw you pelting the ducks this
morning. How would you like some big cruel man to pelt you? And I saw
you, Frank, wading without ever doubling your trousers up; you will
catch cold, and your mother and I will have to give you nasty medicine."
After this stern reproof some little packets were brought out of the
basket and shared with care.

Thus the old lady went about the place like a sort of fairy godmother.
The fishermen were fond of her. Big Tom, the giant, used to look kindly
down at her from under his great brows, and listened to her sharp,
twittering speech as though he were criticising some new species of
bird. All the other fishermen treated her with rough politeness, and
they called her Miss Anne, without troubling themselves about her second
name. She was known to the tramps who travelled the coast road, and the
gipsies made much of her in their sly, Eastern way. Whenever a poor man
knocked she called off the dogs, and went out to talk with him; she
questioned him briskly; asked about his parents, his birthplace, his
age, the distance he had travelled, his destination, and all sorts of
other matters. She then took him to the great wooden table outside the
dairy if she was satisfied, and gave him food and a little money.
Sometimes she heard that her guest spent the money in the village
tavern, but she did not alter her charitable habits for all that. She
would say, "Oh sad, sad man, to spend his money like that." Then she
would add, "But, perhaps he hasn't learned any other pleasure."

The gipsies used to send for medicine when any of them were ailing, and
they repaid her kindness by leaving her live stock alone. Once she lost
some of her silver-pencilled chickens, but they were soon returned, and
it was said that the man who stole them had a very bad beating from one
of the Lees who had been a prizefighter. A few marks on the lintel on
the door let all the regular tramps know that Miss Anne's property must
not be touched; and she very rarely locked her doors in winter. The dark
nights were weary for young folks, so Miss Anne used often to invite
some favourites among the village boys to come and spend an hour or two
in her delightful parlour. The wind screamed hoarsely among the
elder-bushes, and the wintry sea made strange noises on the sands, but
the happy boys in the bright room never much heeded the weather outside.
When Miss Anne had made sure that her guests had spotless hands she let
them visit her book-shelves, and they could look through the precious
volumes of Bewick's Natural History. A great number of stuffed specimens
ornamented the walls of the room, and nothing pleased Miss Anne better
than to show how the stuffed birds resembled the woodcuts of the
wonderful engraver. After a little time the mistress would question the
lads about the various animals. She would say, "Now, Ralph, you shall
tell me all about the old English mastiff, and if you break down I shall
have to ask Jimmy;" but when the invariable distribution of tarts came,
no difference was made between the boys who failed and those who did
not. At nine o'clock the young people lit their lanterns and went off
over the dark moor.

Thus Miss Anne lived her life from week to week in that remote place.
Her only excitement came when very bad weather broke on us. If vessels
were in danger off our savage rocks, she would stand on the cliffs while
the spray lashed up in her face and drenched her with its bitter
saltness. If a shipwrecked crew were brought ashore she always liked to
take in one or two of the men, and her house was kept in a sad turmoil
until her guests had gone away. There are Italians, Norwegians, Swedes,
and Frenchmen, besides our own countrymen, who remember the exquisite
lady with gratitude. Very few people knew how Miss Anne came to live
unmarried, and in solitude; but there is a sorrowful story that explains
all. The Fisher's Friend had been the greatest beauty in all the north
country, and many men had loved her. One mad young fellow asked her to
marry him. She liked him, but she had always said that she never would
have him for a husband unless he gave up his wild ways. Again and again
they quarrelled, and made friends when he promised to be better. At last
she said something very bitter to him, and ordered him out of her sight.
He tramped in his own woods all night, and in the morning he galloped
his big brown horse down to the sea. He met Miss Anne and straightened
his horse across her path. She spoke sharply to him again, as he dashed
the spurs in, and went away. Next morning Miss Anne heard that he had
hung himself in the barn, and that he had left a note upbraiding her.
She turned very white, and went to her room, where she stayed praying
all day. The young Squire's death really ended her life.

After she had grown old, she failed one morning to rise early, and the
servants, who had been used to hear the quick sound of her feet whenever
the dawn came, grew alarmed. They sent for Big Tom, and Tom broke open
Miss Anne's bedroom door about noon. She was lying dead, and on her
breast they found a miniature portrait of a handsome and dark-looking
young man. She had worn her sweetheart's likeness for fifty years.


Winter and summer, every night about six o'clock, a tall man, dressed in
blue, strode over the moor. Sometimes he looked on the ground for a long
time together, and seemed to be buried in deep thought. When he came to
the stream he always found another man waiting for him on the far side,
and this man was accompanied by a rough water-spaniel. The two friends,
who were both coastguards, held a little chat, and then the dog was told
to go over for the letters. The spaniel swam across, received the blue
despatches, and carried them to his master; then, with a cheery
good-night, the men turned back and went across the dark moor to their

In the morning the tall coastguard was astir very early. He walked along
the rock tops with his old telescope under his arm, and looked acutely
at the vessels that crept round the bay. During the middle of the day he
had little to do. In fine weather he would sit outside his door with a
book, and in bad weather he was always to be found, from ten to four
o'clock, on the long settle beside the great fire in his little cottage.
He was one of the old school, and had entered the service at the time
when civilians were admitted, so he had the utmost contempt for the new
school of boatmen who came from on board men-of-war. He was rarely
troubled with visits from inspecting officers; in fact, after a certain
memorable occurrence, the commander of the station let him alone. A very
shrewd officer wished to show his own cleverness, and to find out his
men's weakness; so one night, when thick clouds were flying across the
moon, he crept round the bay in a six-oared cutter, ran ashore on the
sand, hauled up half a dozen empty kegs, and told his men to bury them
in the sand. This ingenious captain proceeded as he fancied smugglers
would have done, and he intended to go round to the coastguard's cottage
and inform him of the trick in the morning. Just as the casks had been
triumphantly covered, a voice called sharply, "Who goes there?"

The clever officer was thrown off his guard, and was too confused to

The challenge was repeated, and presently a couple of bullets whizzed
sharply among the party. The coastguard had emptied both his pistols,
and one of the bullets cut through the officer's shoulder-knot.

The modern coastguardmen never expect to find such an animal as a
smuggler: all contraband business is done by dint of craft and not by
daring. Firemen and engineers scoop out coal from the bottom of a ship's
bunkers and fill the space up with tobacco. Sometimes a clever carpenter
will actually hollow out a beam in the forecastle or a block of wood
which is used as a stool; the whole article looks perfectly solid, and
the Custom-house officers are apt to pass it by. But our friend the
coastguard had been used to the old-fashioned smugglers--desperate men
who would let fly a ball on the very slightest provocation.

Before the piping times of peace came he had known what it was to charge
with a party right amongst a gang of desperate fellows who were bumping
kegs ashore.

When in the grey of the evening the low black lugger crept stealthily
towards the shore, the coastguard had been used to stalk the gliding
vessel like some wild beast. He could not row off and board her, because
the lugger would have spread her brown wings and flown away into the
uttermost dark. The coastguardsmen had to catch the smugglers in the act
of bringing their goods ashore, and in order to do this he had to
contend against a conspiracy of the villagers, who were always ready to
lend their horses and their labour to those who were cheating the king.
No amount of logic could ever persuade the small farmer that smuggling
was in any way immoral, so the coastguard had to combat the cunning of
the bold sailors who ran across from Cherbourg, and the still greater
cunning of the slouching fellows who signalled his movements from the
shore. This was his training, and when the time came for smuggling to be
given over entirely to merchant seamen instead of being carried on by
desperadoes, the change left the old officer still ready and resolute,
and quick with his pistol.

It was well for the Revenue that one at least of their servants retained
the habits and instincts of the ancient race of preventive-men.

One night, just as the tide was flowing, our friend stepped out of his
cottage and looked across the bay. Suddenly he saw a light, which
flashed for a short time and then was darkened; another flash came and
then another; the flood was pouring south in a sombre stream; there was
not a gleam on the water, and the whole sea looked like a huge dark
abyss. From the depths of the troubled blackness the coastguard saw
another light flash back in answer to the one which had been waved from
the shore; the seaward light was simply like the ordinary mast-head
lantern of a fishing-boat; but the coastguard noticed that it was waved
three times, as if in answer to a set signal. He did not quite like the
look of things, so he got out a pony from the stables at the Hall and
galloped around till he was near the place from which he guessed that
the flashes had come. He lay down amongst the long grass and waited in
an agony of expectation for something that might help him to solve the
puzzle. It turned out that a set of fellows had determined to go back to
the old ways, and the flash that the coastguard saw from the sea was
shown from an ordinary herring-boat which now lay perilously close to
the beach. He saw the black hull wavering like a shadow amid the
uncertain gloom and the solemn water. Presently a hand touched him, and
a terrible thrill of momentary terror shook his nerves. The man that
touched him gave a sharp cry and recoiled; before he could utter another
sound the coastguard was upon him, and the muzzle of a great
horse-pistol was clapped to his face. The coastguard said: "Tell me
where they are going to land?"

The prostrate man hesitated; whereupon his stern assailant said: "I'll
give you until I count three!"

The frightened lout stammered: "They are coming past this way."

A few long minutes went by, and then the coastguard heard a sound of
laboured breathing; this sound came from a horse which was dragging a
large hay-cart through the heavy sand. Two men walked, one on each side
of the horse, and a third pushed the cart from behind. The coastguard
man had only two shots to spare, and he did not know in the least
whether the men opposed to him were armed or not. His decision had to be
made swiftly. He was a kind man, fond of dumb animals, and averse to
hurting anything in the world; but he saw that there was only one way of
preventing the cargo from being safely carried inland. It went sorely
against him to take an innocent life; but just as the horse passed him,
he fired, aiming a little behind the near shoulder. The horse gave a
convulsive stagger and fell dead in the shafts. There was then left one
man with a pistol against four, who might or might not be armed. Luckily
it happened that the smugglers only carried bludgeons. The coastguard
saw that he could not hope to catch any of them, so he said quietly: "I
have another shot here, and I am quite safe up to thirty paces. If you
don't clear away, I'll have one of you; but I don't say which one it
will be."

This practical address had a very good effect; the men wisely ran away.
The coastguard loaded his other pistol and mounted guard on the cart.

In the morning a passing tramp brought him help; the cart was conveyed
to the station, and it was found that a splendid haul had been
attempted. There was a load of silks and brandy, which was worth a great
deal of money. This was the very last attempt at old-fashioned smuggling
that ever was made on the north-east coast, and there is no doubt that
the attempt would have been successful if only raw young sailors had
been employed as guards, instead of an old hand who knew every move of
the game.

The coastguardman received his promotion soon afterwards, and he
continued to express his contempt for man-o'-war's men and smugglers
till he arrived at a very old age.


A tall girl used to wander about from village to village down the coast.
Strangers did not know what was the matter with her, but all the people
who lived round the bay knew that she was out of her mind. Her clothes
were not very good, but she kept herself clean, and when she was in the
humour she would help the neighbours. She had no relations living, but
she never went short of food, for the fishers and the farm people, and
even the pitmen, took care to give her shelter and enough to eat. She
was mostly bare-headed, but in September, when the cotton-grass grew
feathery, she liked to make herself a head-dress out of the grey plumes.
When her Sunday hat, as she called it, was on, she was fond of putting
the red fronds of the dying bracken into her belt, and with those
adornments she looked picturesque.

She was always humming to herself, but she never got beyond one silly
old song which is common enough in the north country. As she walked
along the links she used to move her hands in a stupid way to the rhythm
of her music. The words that she sung are known to the people who live
on the border, but nobody has ever completed the lyric to which they
belong. The two verses which she sang were:--

    "Oh have you seen my bonny lad,
     And ken ye if he's weel, O!
     It's owre the land and owre the sea
     He's gyen to moor the keel, O!

    "Oh yes, I saw your bonny lad,
     Upon the sea I spied him,
     His grave is green, but not wi' grass,
     And you'll never lie beside him."

The tune to which she sang her lines was rather merry than otherwise,
and sometimes she would dance to the measure. The boys were kind to her,
and she liked to enter a school-yard during play time, because the young
people used to share their sweets with her.

Whenever the weather was very stormy she walked about the sands and tore
at her hair. If a ship stood into the bay to escape the northerly wind,
she was violently excited; and, when vessels anchored a good mile out,
she would scream warnings to the captains.

She had been a very fine girl in her time, and many of the fisher lads
would have been glad to have married her. The sailor-men too from the
colliers' port used to come after her. But she went mad when she found
the lad whom she liked best lying dead on the beach, and so she never

The story of her sweetheart's death was one of the ugliest that ever was
known on the shores of the bay. He was a smart fellow, who went mate of
a brig that ran to Middlesborough for iron-stone. The brig was not much
of a beauty, and, when she had to go round, the odds were always about
two to one that she would "miss stays."

In coming northward from Middlesborough, one bad winter's day, she
missed stays once too often, and when the captain found that she would
not come round, he let go one anchor. But the chain was of no more use
than a straw rope: it snapped, and the vessel came ashore, broadside on
to the rocks. It was about dusk when she struck, and nothing could be
done to help the men.

Mad Mary's sweetheart swam ashore, but it seemed that he must have been
very much exhausted when he got to the sand, and somebody was waiting
for him who had better never have seen him.

A man who stood under the cliffs while the poor struggling swimmer
fought southward, had a bad reputation in every village from Spittal to
Cullercoates. He was a sulky fellow, and did not make his living by
legitimate ways. None of the men cared to associate with him, for he had
once violated every instinct of kindness that the fishermen and sailors
held dear.

He had found an abandoned vessel to the north of the Dogger Bank, and he
boarded her. Finding no one on deck, he determined to sail the vessel
into port and get the salvage on her. A retriever dog came floundering
along the deck and fawned upon him. Now the man had heard that if any
living thing is on board a vessel no salvage-money can be claimed when
the ship is picked up, and he believed the story, so he coaxed the dog,
patted him until he got the chance of a fair hold, then put his arms
round the poor beast, and pitched it overboard.

The story was told everywhere by the other smacks-men, and the children
used to cry, "Who drowned the dog?" whenever the doer of this wicked
act appeared in the street. The fellow who drowned the dog was certainly
close by when the brig touched, but beyond this we know nothing that
could prove a crime. In the morning, when a troop of fishermen walked
along the beach to see if anything could be picked up, they found Mary
sitting on the sand beside the dead body of a man. The dead sailor's
head was bruised, and his waistcoat had been torn open. A rat-catcher
who had crossed the moor said that he saw the man who drowned the dog
skulking up the hollow from the place where the corpse lay, but no one
brought any definite accusation, for, after all, the bruise on the head
might have been caused by a blow on a stone. Still the suspected man had
a bad life after this occurrence. Mary lost her senses completely, but
she recognized him always, and whenever she saw him she crooked her
fingers like the claws of a cat, and showed her teeth. Why she did so
could only be guessed: perhaps she had seen more than the rat-catcher,
but she never said anything.

The fellow who had earned this suspicion stayed in the village until one
memorable winter night, when some youths waylaid him as he came sneaking
off the moor with his lurcher. They put a lantern under a sheet and
waited till their scouts told them that the victim was near. As soon as
he had passed the marsh that borders the waste, the practical jokers
pushed up a pole with the lantern on top, and with the sheet over the
lantern. The poacher lay down on his face and shouted for mercy. He
never came into the village after this, but went to an inland town and
lived by his old mysterious industry. No crime worse than poaching was
ever brought home to him, and, as he left the seafaring life, the
unpleasant memory of him soon died away. Mad Mary wandered the
countryside for a long time: some kind people wanted to put her in an
asylum, because they feared she might get drowned as she walked the
shore where the unhappy little brig went to pieces. But she was never
put under restraint, and her innocent life passed amid kindness and


I had the fancy to walk out one winter's morning in a very lonely place.
The wind was laden with sleet, and as I walked on the top of the cliffs
it struck my right cheek viciously, and then screamed away past through
the furze-bushes. The light was coming up slowly over the leaden sea,
and the waves seemed cowed by the steady flogging of the sleet. I heard
the woods complaining from afar off, and the whistling curlew as he
called overhead made me think of messengers of evil. Presently I came to
a great range of rounded hills, which were covered by withered bracken.
Certain gaps led through these hills to the beach, and along the beach I
determined to walk. My terrier concluded that rabbits were vanity. He
drooped his ears and tail, and trotted along as if he were reproaching
me for my rashness. I was glancing out over the grey trouble of the sea,
and watching the forlorn ships cowering along like belated ghosts, when
I heard a click to the right of me. Looking up the bluff, I saw a tall
powerful lad who had just straightened himself up. He had two rabbits
slung over his shoulder, and his big bag seemed to contain many more. I
walked towards him to have a look at what he was doing, and I found him
manoeuvring with a great steel trap. When he had finished, we dropped
into conversation in that easy way proper to wild places where few men
ever come. I noticed his build and his face. His rough bonnet covered
his forehead, but I could see he had plenty of thick brown hair. His eye
was blue like tempered steel, and shone with a steady gleam from under
projecting brows. His mouth was beautifully shaped, and his lips were
full and resolute. For the rest, he was built like an ordinary
dalesman--broad and flat in the shoulders, lean in the flank, and strong
of limb. His clothing was coarse and poor, and his hands were rough and
very red.

I said, "What takes you out at this time of the morning?"

"Oh! I was just lookin' round the traps. My father rents the hills from
here to the Clough, and I work with him."

"You find it chilly work this weather?"

"It's grey and cold; but we haven't to mind those things."

"Are you busy all day?"

"No. I only go to the traps twice, and then drive the rabbits into the
town, and the rest o' the time I'm clear."

"Then where do you live?"

"I stop by myself mostly in the wooden house at the Poachers' Hollow,
and old Betty Winthrop comes and does what's wanted to keep the place

We walked on exchanging small talk until we came to the hollow, and I
saw the tiny hut where my new friend lived. The hollow was a gruesome
place. It acted as a kind of funnel whereby the wind from the great
woods was poured over the beach, and sent moaning away across the sea.
In summer it was gay with bracken, and golden ragwort, and wild
geranium, but in winter it looked only fit for adventurous witches to
gambol in.

I said, "The wind must yell awfully here when it is a gusty night."

A curious look came into the young fellow's eye, and gave me a new
interest in him. He answered:

"I like it. The wind here's like nowhere else. It plays tunes on the
trees there as it comes through, and I get the echoes of them. Sometimes
I hear the men's voices, and then I know what it is. It's the old
Norsemen going out over the sea to look at their tracks again. Bless
you, I've heard them talk about the Swan's bath. Sometimes the dead
ladies come and whisper, and I know they're walking in the woods all the
time the dusk lasts."

I stared very much. This speech did not sound very sane, and yet it was
uttered by a quiet young lad who looked as if he might be trusted. I
thought, "Oh! Here's a kind of poet, or something of that sort," and I
said, smilingly, "How do you come to know about the Norsemen, then?"

"I have several books. I got one on a stall--a very good one about
heroes. It has a lot in it about the Norsemen. If you come in you can
see my books. You might have some tea. I put the kettle ready before I
went out."

I stepped into the hut, and found it warm and cosy. A cake of barley
bread was on the table, and a little black teapot stood there also.
There was no furniture but a low wooden bed, one chair, a settle, and a
broad shelf. On the shelf was a slate scrabbled all over with
geometrical figures, and one of these figures was a parabola with two
tangents drawn touching. This puzzled me much. I sat down to warm my
hands and my half-frozen face, and when I felt comfortable I said,

"Do you read conic sections, young gentleman?"

His bonnet was off now, and I saw his broad, compact forehead and his
massive temples. He looked capable of reading anything.

He replied, quite simply:

"Oh, yes! I read geometrical conics."

"And did you teach yourself?"

"Yes. It isn't hard after you've got over the sixth book of Euclid."

I grew more and more puzzled and interested. We had some tea, which made
me feel positively luxurious, and then I looked at the backs of the
books. There were "The Pilgrim's Progress," and "Tappan on the Will."
Then came Shakespeare, a shilling edition of Keats, Drew's "Conic
Sections," Hall's "Differential Calculus," Baker's "Land Surveying,"
Carlyle's "Heroes," a fat volume of Shelley, "The Antiquary," White's
"Selborne," Bonnycastle's "Algebra," and five volumes of "The Tales of
the Borders."

"You have a capital lot of books, my man. I suppose you know them all by
heart, pretty well?"

"Yes, I know them; not by heart exactly, but I've had a lot of time
these two winters, and I've gone over them and written about them."

"Well, which do you like best of all?"

"My fancy's all for mathematics, but I like poetry."

"Ah! And I suppose you write poetry--don't you, now?"

He was not abashed--he said in an ordinary tone, "Very often. It doesn't
seem good, but I go on at it. It pleases me and puts away the time now
and then. There's some in that copy-book at your side."

I know what a fearful thing youthful poetry is, and I felt a discreet
dread. But I opened the book and saw that the young man had been writing
verses in a large strong hand. I did not read much. There was one pair
of broken quatrains which I remember:--

      "Though toil is heavy I'll not be sad,
       I'll rest content while my pulses beat;
     If I work, and love, and trust and be glad,
       Perchance the world will come to my feet.
     But if no fortune ever be mine,
       If my bones on this grey hill-side must lie,
     As long as I breathe I'll not repine,
       I've gladly lived and I'll gladly die."

"You're not very particular about the form of your verses," said I.

"No! I never count syllables. I only go by accents."

"Um! Well. I shall meet you again, and you shall come and see me."

All that winter I was secluded. Day after day broke with wild weather.
Sometimes the snow came and laid all the bracken under its gentle
coverlid. Sometimes the wind came in from the sea, and as the mad
squalls tore off the crests of the breakers, our cottage was smothered
with yellow foam. I liked to go along to the wooden hut and sit with my
young friend, although the tramp back in the chill darkness was not
always very safe. He used also to visit me, and I lent him books. He was
much taken with Burke, and would talk with a solemn enthusiasm when I
encouraged him to speak about the American war and the Revolution. He
began to try prose writing during this same winter, and I sometimes read
his attempts. After he had shown me some quiet fragments, describing his
own daily work, I advised him not to trouble himself with verse any
more, and he went on imitating his favourite prose writers with curious

February came in, bringing worse weather than ever. One night the wind
rose so that by nine o'clock it was hardly possible to stand in the
open. The sky was like iron, and the dull red which had appeared in the
West at sundown changed to a cold, neutral dimness. The birds were in
great trouble, the gulls especially wailing with a peevish sharpness
that made the skin creep. I looked out twice into the roaring darkness,
and could see nothing except the flash of the "white horses" as they
trampled and reared far out at sea. The fire was better than that wild
company, so I sat a little, and then slept. A loud knocking awaked me,
and, going to the door, I found that the dawn had come, and that my
young friend was there.

"What is the matter?"

"Get dressed, sir. There's bad work coming, the gale's worse, and
there's a brig trying to work north. He'll never get round the point.
You go nor'ard and rouse the Hundalee men, and I'll go south and rouse
the chaps at the Bay. Good-bye."

When I got out the wind hit me so that I had to turn and gasp a second
for breath. It seemed as though the sea were going to invade the land.
There was not a vestige of black or green water for half a mile from the
beach. Nothing but wild masses of angry whiteness coiling and winding
and shivering themselves against each other. Twice the wind stopped me
as I fought my way north, and once I had fairly to lie down in a hollow
until a shrieking blast gave me leave to step on. But I got to the
village and told the men, and a dozen strong fellows went back with me.
There was no lifeboat within eight miles, so we harnessed two horses to
a pair of the ordinary wheels used to launch herring-boats after the
winter is over, and we took one of the smaller sort of trouting-boats
with us.

When we reached the Point the men from the south were there, and my
young friend was among them. All were excited, for the brig was fighting
her way still through the awful sea. She would not bear enough sail to
steady her in the least, and she could only claw her way inch by inch to
the north-east.

The Point was a long sandy spit, which sloped gradually away into deep
water. If the vessel could weather it, she might get away to the north,
but she had gone too far into the bay, and the fishermen saw that she
must choose between going ashore on the rocks of the bay and hitting the
Point. In the latter event the vessel might hold for a while before the
seas finally smashed her.

The brig rose sometimes on the cross seas until we could see her copper.
Then she would seem to strike savagely at the driving mist as her masts
lashed forward; then she would lurch to leeward, and lie for a few
horrible seconds as though she never would rise again. It could not
last. My young friend said:

"Let's get the coble down to the water's edge."

The volleys of wind and the thunder of water had frightened the horses,
and they stood trembling and cowed. The men had to let the boat slide
down the grassy channel, which was, as it were, bevelled in the low
bulge of the Point.

They had not long to wait. The brig suddenly came round, as though her
helm had been put hard up.

"Rudder's gone," said one of the fishermen.

Sea after sea struck the vessel astern, and threatened to swamp her, but
she managed always to shake herself. She came on like a cork that is
rushed down a gutter by a shower, only giving a roll and going yard-arm
under as cross-seas hit her.

At last she stopped.

"Touched," said one of the men.

But she rose again and lumbered yet a few yards forward. Then she beat
herself heavily, and the next sea doubled clean over her.

"We can't do nothin', chaps. The coble winnot get two yards till she's

This came from the oldest fisherman.

"Oh! for Christ's sake, let's shove off," said my young student,
clasping his hands. He was pale, and his eyes shone, as they always did
when he was excited.

"It's very well to say shove off, my bonny man, but look at it! We
brought the boat for fear there might be a chance, but there's no chance
at all."

"I think we might just have a try," said a large, grave man. "Will three
o' you come, and I'll steer her myself?"

"I'll be one," said a stiff little man, known as "Catfish."

"Let me go," said the young rabbit-catcher.

"I can pull as well as ever a one of you," he pleaded, when the large
man looked doubtful. I wanted to go, but it was decided that a fisherman
would pull better than I. So we got the boat hurled through the smother
of foam, and presently we heard the "Crack, crack," as the vanguard of
the real water began to strike at her.

My youngster was pulling with his hat off, and I saw him now and then,
as the boat swooped upward, and hung almost perpendicularly on the
striped side of a travelling wave. I believe I prayed. An old man, whose
son was rowing the stern oar (cobles only need three oars, two on one
side, and a long one astern) said, "Lord, have mercy on you, my bonny
Harry." Then he sobbed once, and his face became fixed, like a mask of
carven stone.

I do not know how long the wild buffeting lasted, but I know that
presently the bows of the boat appeared returning over a doubling sea,
and as she made her downward flight I saw a black, huddled mass in her.

Then there was a rush, and the coble came up on the sand. Only one trip
was needed. Five men were brought ashore; the other two hands had been
taken overboard by one sea just before the ship lost her rudder.

Years went by, and I returned to dwell in cities. One evening I went to
dine at a club. I was lounging in the reading-room, when a
splendid-looking man attracted my attention. He was a magnificently-built
young fellow, with a fine beard, and bright, steel-blue eyes. When he
rose, I saw that he was perfectly dressed, and when he spoke to a waiter,
his voice seemed deep, and his accent fine.

I looked down at my paper, and I then felt that he was looking at me.
When I looked up, he had risen, and was looking steadily in my face. He
made a step forward.

"Pardon me. How very, very strange!" I said; "I'm at a loss to remember
you. You'll forgive me."

"Don't you remember the Poachers' Hollow, and the brig, and Burke, and
the Differential?"

Then I knew, and we shook hands heartily. We dined together, and he told
me how his change of fortune had come about.

"It all came through that shipwreck," he explained.

"How was that?"

"Well, directly I got home and changed, I sat down and wrote an account
of the whole concern in some very gaudy prose, and I drove the pony into
the town and handed the letter in at the 'Sentinel' office. My account
was printed. Old Mr. Willits--you remember him--sent to the editor to
know who had done it, and then sent for me. He was very grumpy and
crusty at first, but I explained my position to him simply, and he got
very good humoured. He sent me to a tutor for two years and a half; then
I won a Trinity scholarship, and scored two or three other things; then
I went to the University, and slogged like a slave. Mr. Willits helped
me. I did very well in the Tripos--not so well as men who started
younger--but still I landed ninth. Now I'm principal of the new college
that ---- endowed, and I have a very good thing indeed."

So my friend, the rabbit-catcher, became a successful man, and, I am
sure, I wished him joy.


In passing along the shores of the bay, on evenings when the water was
smooth, you could hear a succession of dull thuds like the sound of
distant guns. Looking to eastward you saw a dark semicircular streak on
the water, and inside this streak a coble glided slowly hither and
thither. One man rowed gently, letting his oars drop into the water with
a slight splash, that could be heard nevertheless a long way off. The
sweeps were so long that the rower could not scull in the ordinary way,
but crossed his arms and held the handle of the right sweep in his left
hand, and _vice versâ_. In the stern of the boat stood a man of gigantic
size. At intervals he heaved up a great tiller into the air and brought
it down with all his strength; he then gathered himself for another
effort while the split end of the tiller floated on the water; then came
another strong muscular effort, and then another resounding splash. If
the boat drew near the brown rocks the blows of the tiller would startle
a piper or a curlew; a long note of warning would pierce the stillness,
and a wailing answer came from the next point; then a shrill clamour
passed all round the bay, and the birds skimmed towards the island like
flights of dark arrows.

The black streak on the water was made by the cork floaters of a net,
for the men in the coble were engaged in catching sea-trout. When the
tide has flowed for some time, there is a general stir among the fish.
First the dainty gobies come forward as vanguard; then come the pretty
fish that the men call sea-minnows; then the dark shadows of the
flounders fly swiftly over the sandy floor, and the dogcrabs sidle along
in a very lively manner. As the foam creeps further and further in the
larger fishes come from the deep water. Great congers with their ugly
manes and villanous eyes wind in and out the rocky channels, committing
assaults on smaller fishes as they come. The red rock cod leaves his
stony hollows and swims over the sandy places, looking for soft crabs,
or for his favourite food, the luscious crass. Last of all comes the
beautiful sea-trout, skirmishing forward with short rushes, and
sometimes making a swirl near the surface of the water. The fishermen
wait until they think the trout have had time to reach the inner rocks,
and then softly paddle the coble away from the shore. The net is
dexterously shot, and a good man can manage to do this without making a
splash. The long curtain is about four feet deep, and lead sinkers make
it hang true. Not a word is spoken until the great bladder which marks
the end of the net falls into the sea. Then the boat is taken toward the
shore, and the fishermen rest quiet for awhile, until it is time to
begin splashing. The big pole is dashed into the water in order to
frighten the trout towards the net, and very great judgment is required
in the rower, for if he happens to take the wrong track he may easily
put the fish in the way of escape.

The gigantic man who used to ply the tiller, and the old rower, were
both very clever at this kind of fishing. The older of the two was
called "Big Harry," and the younger was called "Little Harry." There was
humour in this mode of naming, for Little Harry stood six feet four,
while Big Harry only measured about six feet three. Big Harry had four
sons altogether, and the average height of the family was about six feet
four. All the lads were extremely good-looking, but the old man liked
Little Harry best, and always took him for partner. The other sons
handled the second of the family cobles, and the five men made an
excellent living. It was a fine sight to see the fellows go away in the
afternoon. They wore great boots that came up to the thigh, blue woollen
caps, or sou-westers, and thick dark Guernseys. All of them were
dark-haired and dark-eyed, and with their earrings, they looked strange
and foreign. The three younger lads, who were much bigger than their
father, went partners in one boat, and the two gaudy craft took their
several ways. The men never said good-bye or good-night, nor did they
use any other form of politeness, because by the fishermen any
demonstration of friendliness, even among relations, is counted as
showing softness. The mother of the lads was a handsome,
broad-shouldered woman who had been a beauty in her day. She mostly used
to spare time for seeing her tall fellows off, but she never waved to
them. In spite of this reticence, it must not be supposed that the
family were unkindly: more gentle and helpful men never lived, and
there was not one of them who had not done some brave thing. It may be
worth while to tell a story illustrative of their disposition.

One brisk morning, when the sea was running high, a little boy was
sailing a fine model yacht in one of the great pools on the shore. The
tide was running in, and presently the advancing water rushed into the
pool. The yacht was just in the centre when the whirl of the sea took
her. She swung round; the westerly wind caught her, and in a moment she
was over the barrier and away into deep water. The little thing was well
leaded, and she went off like a dolphin. The youthful owner saw her now
and again as she topped the waves, and he lamented exceedingly. At last
it struck him to run north to the village. Just as he reached the cove,
Big Harry's younger sons were coming in after a night at sea. The men
were wet and sleepy enough, but when the little boy told them his story
they lifted him into the bow of the coble and shoved off again. With
three reefs in the sail they dodged out among the jumping seas, and ran
over the bay after the truant yacht. The swift coble soon overhauled the
runaway, and the men came back well drenched by their second trip. The
whole thing was done with perfect simplicity; and the fishermen would
not accept even a glass of ale from the boy's father. They said "they
were glad to see the bairn so pleased," and they tease the said "bairn"
about his skill in navigation even to this day. When we see kindness
like this we may be content to do without words or other minor

During all the long nights Big Harry and Little Harry used to sit
together very silently. Sometimes when the corks at one part of the net
went under water suddenly, one of the men would say, "There's a troot
fast," but conversation did not extend beyond elementary observations
like this. The dark came down over the bay, and the last gleam died away
from the distant hills. The water purred softly with little treble
sounds against the sides of the boat; the trees made hoarse noises, and
sometimes the long whistle of an otter (who is also a trout fisher)
would come from the shaggy sides of the brown stream. The men sat on
amid the mystery of the night, but they had no care for the picturesque.
By-and-by the time for a haul would come, and the muscular fish were
pitched "flopping" into the basket. Then the nets were shot again, and
the resonant splashing begun. If the tide suited, the boat stayed on
till dawn. As soon as the cushats began to fly from the woods to the
fields, and the hillsides were streaked with grey motes of light, Big
Harry and his son rowed into the cove, and then Little Harry went to
catch the old mare on the moor. A boy drove the night's fish to the
station, and Big Harry slept heavily in the dark box bed.

Father and sons led this life for many years. Their only change came
when the herring shoals moved southward, and then the five strong men
used to make a great deal of money. They saved too, and were much better
off than some people who live in finer houses. Indeed, they had much
need to earn a great deal, for those great frames were not easily kept
up. Big Adam once ate five eggs after his return from a night's
fishing. He then inquired "When will breakfast be ready?". So it will be
seen that his appetite was healthy.

It seemed that nothing but gradual decay could ever sap the strength of
any one of these fine athletes, yet a miserable mischance made a break
in the family, and changed Big Harry into a sorrowful man. He came
ashore one rainy morning, and he and his son had sore work in hauling
the coble up. There was no one to drive the fish to the station, so
Little Harry volunteered. It was a long drive for such a bad day, and
when the young man came home he was chilled. He shivered a good deal and
could not sleep, but no one dreamed of bringing a doctor for a man with
a forty-seven inch chest. Within a very short while Little Harry was
taken by rapid consumption, and succumbed like a weakling from the town.
On the day of the funeral the father would not follow the coffin over
the moor. He lay with his face pressed on the pillow, and the bed shook
with his sobbing. He never would take another son for mate, because he
thought he might distress the lad if he showed signs of comparing him
with the dead. He preferred a stranger. He liked carrying Little Harry's
son about, and he used to be pleased when the clergyman said to the
child, "Well, and how is your big pony?"--the pony being the
grandfather. When the lad grew big enough to handle the small-sized
plasher the old man took him as partner, and he boasts about the little
fellow's cleverness.


Many old-fashioned people who read of the massacres caused by steamboat
collisions, think regretfully of the time when eight hundred sail of
ships would make the trip between Tyne and Thames without so much as the
loss of a bowsprit from one of the fleet. It was slow work, perhaps, and
it might be a tedious sight (say those who praise past times), to see a
ship being hauled up the river foot by foot with a warp and a kedge; yet
we do not get cheap coals now, for all our science, and we have lost our
seamen. The old inhabitants of the eastern seaports never cease to
lament the progress of steam. They point out that all the money made in
the brig colliers goes into few hands, and is carried away to be spent
in London and Torquay, and Cannes, and Paris, by the great coalowners.
They say, too, that the new race of seamen are unsocial beings who do no
good to any town that the steamers run from. The modern "hand" comes
into the river, say, at dusk; sees his vessel put under the coal spout,
jumps ashore to buy a loaf and a few herrings, and then goes off to sea
by three in the morning. This goes on all the year round, and if the
sailor gets four-and-twenty hours to spend at home, he thinks himself
wonderfully lucky. The sailor-men of old times seldom worked in the
winter. All the colliers were laid up in the river, and the men lived on
their summer earnings, so that multitudes of small tradesmen, who are
now unable to live, fared very comfortably then.

These complaints may not be very logical or well founded, but the people
who make them speak with perfect belief. Whatever may be thought of the
social aspect of the question, the nautical aspect is not to be
mistaken; for our school of seamen is undoubtedly departed.

The old collier sailor was a man of one faculty: he could handle a ship
to perfection, but he could do nothing else, and he knew nothing else.
On shore he was a child of the most innocent description, and the world
that lay outside the regular line traversed by his old black tub, was a
place beyond his conception. It is true that he sometimes went to such
far-off regions as the Baltic, but even that extent of travel failed to
open his mind. The worthy man who said that the four quarters of the
globe were "Russia, Prussia, Memel, and Shields," was the type of the
travelled collier captain. It is hardly possible to understand the
complete ignorance of some of those fine sailors, or to conceive the
methods on which they worked their ships. A man who could neither read
nor write would take his vessel without a mistake from port to port. The
lights on the coast were his only books, and his one intellectual
exercise consisted in calculating the set of the ebb and the flood. With
all the phenomena that he was used to observe in his ordinary life, he
could deal promptly and sagaciously, but anything new tended to
disarrange his mind. When steamers were first ordered to carry red and
green side-lights with a high white light hung forward, an old captain
saw the mysterious coloured circles coming down on him. He did not
understand this new thing, and his faculties became confused. He shouted
"Hard a-starboard. We'll be into a chemist's shop." This momentary
infirmity of purpose was the source of much fun among more advanced
mariners in his town. Another master who happened to have a leisure
evening went to hear a popular astronomical lecture. He was much
troubled by what he heard, and he explained his perplexity with great
feeling to his friends. He said: "The man told the lot of us that the
world turned round and round; but I cannot see how that can be. The
Hatter's Rock's been there ever since I can mind." It sometimes happened
that a captain more than usually competent was sent over seas to strange
regions. One gentleman who could read and use a chart was despatched to
Rotterdam. After getting over the bar and well away to the east, he
produced his charts and made a learned inspection; but the charts had
been a long time in the lockers, and circumstances combined to alarm him
extremely. He went up on deck and called to his mate, "Put her about,
the rats has eaten Holland." One of the most remarkable of the old
school was a man who could actually take his ship about and find his
place on the chart without being able to read the names himself. He
always became very shortsighted on longish voyages. Towards the end of
his time the new race of apprentices who had learned to read began to go
to sea: before that period he had only been used to coasting trips, and
the learned youths were a godsend to him when his owners sent him far
afield. He would call his lad down below, and, assuming a tender air,
would give the seasoned youngster a glass of rum. He would then point to
the chart and say, "We're there. What is that place, my man? I can't see
very well." On receiving his answer, he would remark, gravely, "I
thought it was that." This innocent device gave the greatest
entertainment to his irreverent pupils. Sometimes this kind of ignorance
led to complications. One old gentleman bored away through a fog for
several days under the pleasing impression that he was going north about
from Liverpool. After a long time a vessel came past and the lost
captain inquired, "Are we going right for the Castle foot?" The stranger
made answer. "What Castle foot?" Whereupon the incensed skipper said,
"There's only one Castle foot. Tynemouth Castle." The answer was
discouraging: "If you go as you're going, you'll be at Newfoundland in a
very short time." This hero felt his way back and after many days and
much hailing of passing ships he sighted St. Abb's Head. He then said
with pride, "Ah! here's England. Aw thowt aw would fetch her." He had
really known no more of his route than a player at blind man's buff
knows of his way about a room.

Of course very many of the captains were more accomplished than the
stolid persons concerning whom so many droll legends still linger; but
the fact remains, that valuable property and valuable lives were
entrusted to men who wrought solely by rule of thumb, and that the trust
was, on the whole, very wisely bestowed. With clumsy old craft that
sailed in heavy weather as though they were dragging an anchor at the
bottom, and that missed stays on the faintest provocation, these men
carried goods to the value of millions, without incurring nearly the
loss which is borne through the failure of the smart iron steamers. They
are nearly all gone now, and the public are not much the better. Many
good judges think that in the event of a great naval war we shall feel
the need of that fine recruiting ground that lay between Spittal and
Yarmouth. The old collier sailor, illiterate as he was, and stupid as he
was in many respects, made a model man-of-war's man when he had been
drilled into shape. He was alert, obedient, and utterly careless of
danger; he had the fighting instinct developed to the point of ferocity;
he was at once strong and docile, and his very simplicity made him the
best possible instrument to be employed on dangerous enterprises. The
last specimens will soon be beyond the reach of social students. Here
and there may be found some bronzed old man who remembers when the Tyne
was little more than a ditch flooded at tide-time. He hobbles sturdily
to the pier and looks at the passing vessels with dim eyes. The steamers
pass up and down with their swaggering turmoil; the little tugs whisk
the sailing ships deftly in and out; but he will always think that the
world was better when the bar was shallow, and when the sailors worked
up stream without the aid of those unseamanlike kettles.


The screw steamer "Coquet" left a little port on the north coast early
one October. She was bound for Genoa; and as this was a long trip, a
little group of men, among whom were several who owned shares in her,
waved their farewells from the end of the pier. A number of small
tradesmen and a few well-to-do fishermen had formed a company to buy
her, so she was regarded as quite an institution of the port. A smart
captain had managed her cleverly, and she paid, during five years, an
average dividend of nearly fifty per cent., after the modest claims of
the "managing" owner had been satisfied. Naturally she was regarded as a
treasure, and her fortunate owners used to make triumphant observations
about her to less lucky men. The steamer had gone through some very bad
weather; but as every rivet in her hull had been examined while she was
being put together, and that too by a man whom no skulker could deceive,
she had lived in seas that sent scamped ships to the bottom.

The "Coquet" got away down Channel and struck for Ushant without any
mishap; but when she got well into the Bay the sky began to look
ominous. On the second morning the sea ran very strong, and by mid-day
the gale had fairly come. All the fine descriptions of heavy weather in
the Bay help one but little to understand what it is really like. It is
hardly possible to think coherently about the enormous hurly-burly, much
less to write or speak so as to make anyone understand how the masses of
water move and how they sound. The "Coquet" got into a very bad quarter
indeed, and the captain soon saw that it was useless to try running her.
All hands were warned; the formalities of watches were dispensed with;
and the engineers received orders to get on every possible ounce of
steam. Then the ship was placed with her head to the sea, and the master
took his place on the bridge. He did not know what a very long spell he
would have. Only by keeping the engines at full speed ahead the vessel
was enabled to hold her ground, and sometimes when the usual eight great
waves were followed by the mountainous ninth, she lost considerably. The
captain had to watch like a cat; for an instant's nervousness, a
momentary failure of judgment, would have let her come round, and then
all would have been soon over. The men hung on anyhow, and the two hands
at the wheel were lashed, for the hull was seldom above water. A pouring
stream rushed over the steamer; and hardly had one volume of water
passed away when another came down like thunder. There was very little
of the usual creamy foam, for the sea ran over the ship as though she
were not there. When the downward flights came, the captain on the high
bridge was often up to his knees in water; and again and again he made
up his mind that his vessel could never come out of it. Once, when the
mate dodged aft and clambered to the bridge, the "Coquet" took a long
rush down, after she had reared on end like a horse. Her plunge was like
the dive of a whale, and the screw "raced"--that is, whirled round high
above the sea-level. The mate said, "She's gone, sir;" the captain
replied, "Give her time." Once more she came up and shook herself; but
it seemed as though her elasticity was gone. In truth, her deck had an
ugly slant. During all this time the wind was growing, and the sea was
gaining speed and strength. It could not very well last, and nobody knew
that better than the captain. A blinding scuffle of cross-seas came and
the "Coquet" was smothered for a while; the captain heard a crashing
sound, and when he looked round the starboard boat was smashed and
hanging in splinters, while the port boat was torn clean away. These
were the only two boats that the vessel had. The slant or "list" grew
more pronounced, for the cargo had shifted; and the steamer was now like
a boxer whose left hand is tied behind his back. She seemed to take the
blows passively, only lungeing doggedly up when the wild welter had
flowed over her, and still keeping her nose to the sea. All night long
the captain hung on the bridge. It was his second night, and in that
time he had only had one biscuit, that the mate gave him. His legs were
very tired, and every muscle was strained in the effort to cling fast.
He could, of course, see nothing; and it was only by the compass that he
could tell how to keep her head. At midnight a wave swept everything;
the compass amidships and the one astern both went, and a man was taken
overboard. Still the wind kept on, and the only light to be seen was
the flash of the curling spray. The dawn broke, and still the sea was
bad. At seven o'clock a tremendous crash sounded, and the vessel
staggered: there was a long ripping grind, and the port bulwark was
gone; so all the seas that came aboard after this had their own way, and
as the vessel "listed" to port the deck was a very dangerous place. The
mate managed again to get near the captain. He said: "The men want you
to put her before the sea, sir; so do I." The captain replied: "If you
propose such a thing again, sir, I'll break your head as soon as I can
get loose from here. Keep the men in heart." At noon the second mate
came forward with a white face, saying: "The tarpaulin's gone off the
after-hold, sir." The captain was badly put out by hearing this, but he
shouted: "Lash the men how you can, and try to make fast again." While
the men (with ropes round their waists) were wrestling with the
tarpaulin, a wave doubled over the ship, making her shake; and, as the
captain afterwards said, "the fellows were swimming like black-beetles
in a basin of water." One poor "ordinary" went overboard in the wash of
this sea, and nothing could be done for him. At four o'clock the chief
engineer came up, and managed to tell the captain that two fires were
drowned out, and that the firemen would stay below no longer. The
captain asked, "Have you the middle fire?" and receiving an affirmative
answer, he said, "Give the men each half a tumbler of brandy to put some
pluck in them." A merry Irish fireman was so influenced by his dose of
spirit that he joked and coaxed his mates down below again, and once
more the fight was resumed. The sun drooped low, and threw long swords
of light through rifts in the dull grey veil. The captain knew it was
now or never, so he managed to get the men called where they could hear
him, and shouted: "Now, when that sun dips we'll have the warmest
half-hour of all. If she lives through that and the gale breaks, I can
save her. If she doesn't, you must die like men. You should say your
prayers." When the "warm half-hour" came it was something beyond belief.
The "Coquet" was as bare as a newly launched hull before it was over;
then came a kind of long sigh, and the wind relaxed its force. All night
the sea lessened; and at dawn there was but a light air of wind, with no
breaking waves at all. The captain then dared to run before the sea; he
got his vessel round, and she went comfortably away on the steady roll.
He had known all along that if he tried to fetch her round she would
assuredly share the fate of the "London." That steamer was smashed in by
a doubling sea that came over her stern while the captain was trying to
take her about.

The master of the "Coquet" had been seventy-two hours on the bridge, and
he was nearly asleep as he walked. In trying to get to his berth he fell
face foremost, and slept on the cabin-floor in his wet oilskin suit.
When he woke he had a nastier problem than ever, for his compasses were
gone, and the ship had a dangerous "list." However, he soon bethought
him of a tiny pocket-compass which he had in his state-room. Working
with this, and managing to get a sight of the sun, he contrived to get
within fourteen miles of Gibraltar--which was very fair seamanship. He
reached Genoa; but the ship was sixteen days overdue, and the people at
home were alarmed. On the morning after the "Coquet's" arrival one of
her owners looked through a local journal, and, finding no good news,
went and got his shares under-written 60 per cent. more. On coming out
of the office he was met by a friend, who heartily congratulated him on
his good luck. When he asked wherein the good luck consisted, he was
shown a paragraph in another local journal which stated that "The
steamship 'Coquet' arrived at Genoa, sixteen days overdue. Boats gone,
port bulwark gone, compasses gone, and two men lost overboard."

The lesson to be learned from the "Coquet's" escape is simple. In that
very gale as many men were killed at sea as would have fallen in a
moderately important battle. The number of missing steamers was great,
and there is no doubt but that most of these vessels foundered. The
"Coquet" was built under the eye of a critic who did not suffer
champagne to bias his ideas of solid workmanship. She is still earning
heavy dividends for her owners. The steamers that broke in two and went
down were not superintended on the stocks by a shrewd and vigilant
overlooker: so they drowned their crews.


An old woman lived in a one-roomed cottage among the sand hills bordering
the sea. Her place was only a hut with thatched roof and stone floor,
but coals were plentiful, so Mary was able to make herself very
comfortable. The wind made a great noise with moaning and shrieking
among the bents, but Mary was not learned enough in romantic literature
to be moved by weird sounds. She did not like to hear a fox howl on the
hill, because that woeful cry boded ill fortune; but the tumult of
ordinary winter evenings never affected her. All day she crouched over
her fire, filling her pipe at intervals with coarse tobacco, and smoking
sedately. She did not look up when people entered, for her sight was
dim; yet she knew the tread and the voice of every lad in the village
who had once been in her company, and she very rarely made mistakes in
bestowing her greetings. Her face was like a walnut-shell, so deep and
intricate were the creases in her brown skin; and the broad outlines of
her features were massive and strong. At the end of the last century she
had been a strapping girl with a fine gait, and she liked to tell how
the young Squire used to admire her, and how he stopped his horse and
spoke with her by the wayside. The young Squire had grown into an old
man, but Mary always remembered him as he was when he cantered through
the village on his croptailed roadster, and displayed his brass buttons
and his neat buckskins for the admiration of the fisher-girls. No one
knew how old Mary was: she herself fixed her age at "about a thousand,"
but even those who believed in her most regarded this estimate as
exaggerated. She always spoke of the Squire as being younger than
herself, and as she was still living when he was within five years of
one hundred, she must have been very old indeed. Her chance allusions to
past events were startling. She could remember the talk of her own
grandmother, and when she repeated things which she had heard as a
child, it seemed as though a dim light had been thrown on antiquity. She
liked to speak about a mysterious French privateer that had landed men
who "went and set up their gob to old Mrs. Turnbull at the Bleakmoor
Farm, and tyok every loaf oot o' the pantry;" but no one could ever tell
what privateer she meant. She had heard about Bonaparte, and she
remembered when Big Meg, the village cannon, was brought down to the
cliff and planted ready for invaders. Her grandmother had spoken often
of the time when all the men from the Ratcliffe property, away west, had
followed somebody that wanted to send the King away, but Mary's
knowledge of this circumstance was severely indefinite. The lads in the
place would have followed their Squire had he chosen to imitate
"Ratcliffe," but the Squire of that day was a quiet man who liked the
notion of keeping his head on his shoulders. Mary knew of one country
beyond England, and she conceived that Englishmen were meant to thrash
the inhabitants of that country on all possible occasions: beyond this
her knowledge of Europe and the globe did not extend. Her function in
the village was that of story-teller, and her house was a place of
meeting for all the lads. She taught aspiring youths to smoke, and this
harmful educational influence she supplemented by teaching her pupils
many wild stories of a ghostly character. Her own sons had been four in
number; one of them survived as an old one-armed man; the others were
drowned. But when Mary got her little school of listeners about her, she
said it made her feel "as if Tom and the other bairns were back agyen."
Smart lads used to leave the village and come back after many days with
flat caps and earrings, and a sailorly roll. Mary would say, "That
should be Harry's Tommy, by the voice. Is that so, hinny?" and when
Harry's Tommy answered "Yes," Mary would say, "Your awd pipe's on the
top o' the oven; sit thee doon and give us your cracks." Mary's pupils
all had pipes which were kept on the oven-top for them, and she was much
distressed if she found that anyone smoked a pipe belonging to a lad who
had been drowned. When the school gathered in the dark evenings, Mary
liked to scold a little about the decay of manly spirit. In her time the
men used to watch at night till the low black lugger stole into the bay.
Then some discreet farmer would hear a trampling of horses in his
stables, and if in the morning Bet and Ball and Matchem were splashed a
good deal, and tired, there was always the keg of sound spirits at the
kitchen door or in one of the mangers. Mary had often gone down the
north road and up the Dead Man's Trail to listen for the Preventive men,
and she spoke with glee of the fun, for she had been swift of foot, and
her imitation of the Jenny Howlet's cry was perfect.

The old woman liked to frighten her hearers. She knew that most of the
villagers believed profoundly in ghosts and bogles, and she was never so
well pleased as when she knew that not one of her school cared for going
home alone. Old George, the organist, had once seen the white lady from
the tower, but he could not be induced to tell his experience. George's
musical duties were restricted to turning a handle, for the tunes played
by the organ were put in on separate rollers, and thus the musician's
function was limited. But the fishermen regarded him as a fine player,
and he did not care to imperil a serious reputation by telling frivolous
ghost stories. So Mary, who had heard the story long ago from George's
own lips, did duty as narrator:--

George was coming through the woods on a dark night. He came to a part
of the walk where the path makes a descent to a hollow shaded by thick,
arching branches. Suddenly (said Mary) George's collie ran back howling,
and tried to snuggle its head under its master's coat. George patted the
beast and laid him down, but the dog still clung about his master's
feet, and moaned. George turned the poor animal round, and tried to
force him forward. The collie gave one very loud cry, and died. Then
George became mysteriously cold, and presently he saw a lady standing
among the shrubs. She waved to him, and he saw that her eyes were
white; then she moved through the trees and passed away. The sceptical
shepherd said that the collie had eaten some phosphorus which had been
spread for the rats, but Mary never gave this prosaic explanation. She
and George believed that the dog died of fright, and that the grave
organist had seen the lady from the tower, so many youths grew up
believing that the grim square building was haunted.

On one night of 1859, Mary had told some of her stories with much
effect. A gale was blowing from the east, and the hoarse roar of the
wind sounded very strangely. The "school" was in the goose-skinned
condition which must be attained by all who wish to catch the true
flavour of a ghost story. There came a scraping sound at the door, and a
gasping moan. The lads huddled together and dared not look round. The
moan was repeated, and Mary ordered one of her pupils to go at once and
open the door. But discipline was forgotten, and the young gentleman who
was deputed to solve the mystery stayed open-mouthed in his seat. The
old woman hobbled to the door, and found a man lying on his face. The
poor fellow was a Portuguese sailor. He had swum through the surf from a
vessel that was hard-and-fast on the rocks below the house, and it was
his last exhausted effort that startled the assembly of youths. Mary
told this story (with supernatural additions) until her death.

There are captains, mates, and sailor-men in all parts of the world who
remember the old story-teller, for it is pretty certain that her
influence had a good deal to do with sending many a tall fellow away
southward to the great seaports in quest of adventures. Her cottage is
still standing, but a sulky hind reigns there, and the unique collection
of pipes is dispersed.


There is generally very heavy weather in winter time on the north-east
coast. From North Sunderland the Farne Islands can hardly be seen, for
the tumultuous waves in the narrow channels throw up clouds of spray. At
the mouth of the Tyne the sea runs strongly, and the great piers have to
meet endless charges of green masses that break on the stone-work and
pour along the footway in foaming streams. As the evening comes, knots
of men stroll toward the pier. They are all clothed in thick guernseys
and business-like helmets, and on their breasts they have the letters
V.L.B. They are the Volunteer Life Brigade. The brigade is very mixed in
composition. There are carpenters, bankers, pilots, clerks, lawyers,
tradesmen of all grades, and working men of all trades. At the middle of
the pier stands a strong wooden house, in which there is one great room
where the watchmen sit, and also numerous small boxes with berths where
rescued men are laid. Hot-water bottles are constantly ready, and a
mysterious array of restoratives rest handy on a side-table.

Since the great piers were run out to sea the water in the Tyne has been
much deepened; but this advantage has its drawback in the fact that the
sea pours through the deepened channel like the swirl of a millrace. As
soon as the tiers of shipping begin to creak and moan with the lurching
swell the people know that there may be bad work. The brigadesmen sit
chatting in their warm shed. They know that they must go to work in the
morning; they know that they may be drenched and aching in every limb
before the dawn whitens: yet they take everything as it comes with
cheerful stoicism. During the winter of 1880 scores of men travelled to
business at Newcastle for a week at a stretch without having lain once
in bed. They went out when their services were required; stood to their
ropes, and were hustled about by the sea: they brought crew after crew
ashore, and in the mornings they fared without grumbling to office or
warehouse or shop. Snatches of sleep on the hard benches made their only
rest, yet they stood it out.

The stormy nights are passed much in the same way. The men who are not
looking out sit smoking and gossiping; the foam piles itself softly to
the weather side of the house, and the spray falls with a keen lashing
sound on the stones outside. Towards the end of the pier there is
nothing to be seen but a vague trouble, as though a battle were going on
in the dark, and to the north the Tynemouth light throws a long shaft of
brightness through the mist. Presently a light is seen away southward or
out to the east, and all the men are on the alert directly. If a ship
from the south can only weather the end of the pier and escape the wash
from the north, she soon gets into the fairway, but it is not easily
done in stormy weather. The light makes long lunges and describes great
arcs on the background of the darkness; then the brigadesmen know that
the ship is in the stream that pours up the gulf made by the piers. If
she keeps her red light open till she is nearly abreast of the House,
there is only one more danger for her. She may strike on the Black
Middens (a heap of snaggy rocks lying under Tynemouth), and in that case
the south-side men have nothing to do with her. But sometimes the vessel
shows all her lights and rushes upon the South Pier. Then the men wait
for the last lurch and that wallowing crash that they know so well. The
rocket is laid, and flies out over the rigging; the brigadesmen haul on
their rope, and the basket comes rocking ashore along the line. It is
not child's play to stand in the open and work the rocket apparatus;
sometimes a whole row of men are struck by a single sea, and have to
hang on wherever they can. Sometimes a careless man is carried along the
pier like a cork, and sometimes one is washed clean over the side. A
lucky young gentleman was taken into the sea one winter and buffeted
smartly until a chance wave landed him again. The buffeting and
drenching are taken as part of the day's work, and the young fellows
joke about it just as soldiers will joke under fire. There is much
curiosity as the basket is hauled in. On one occasion a cat and her
kittens were the first rescued of a ship's company, and on another
occasion a dog came ashore looking much surprised at his position. At
various times all sorts and conditions of men have to slide along that
friendly rope. Stolid Dutchmen, gesticulating Italians, cool
north-country sailors are landed, and all are treated alike. A solemn
man with a rum-bottle awaits them as they pass into the friendly light
of the House: like some officiating priest he gravely pours out a
glassful and silently hands it to the rescued seafarer; then the berth
and the hot-water bottle are made ready, and the fortunate sailor is
warmly wrapped up.

It sometimes happens that the rocket cannot be used--perhaps on account
of the position of the vessel, perhaps through the stupidity of the
crew. In that case other means must be employed. Last winter a ship came
on the shore; the sea broke heavily over her, and her crew had to take
to the rigging. A plucky brigadesman swam off through waves that might
have stupefied a bulldog; he had to watch his chances, and breathe when
the crest had rushed on so that he might make his next plunge through
the combing crest; and he managed to make his rope fast and save the
people. Southward of Shields a ship got into a still more awkward place
than the one last mentioned. She was carried in by a terrific sea, and
jammed on the stones at the foot of a cliff. The captain's wife and
child were lashed to the mast, and the captain himself was made fast
somewhere; all the other poor souls were washed overboard. No boat could
live in the breakers; no rocket was handy. But a sailor called Matthews
got some friends to lower him down the face of the scarp. The wind
knocked him against jutting points; the rope twirled and spun him about;
but he got foothold on the deck and managed to hang on. By working
cautiously he dodged up to the mast and fastened the little child in a
comfortable bight of the rope; then he sent the woman aloft; then he
sent the captain, and was hauled up safely himself. Matthews had no
reward for this piece of work, and is now a poor pitman.

There is no end to the bravery of these amateur life-savers. Only a very
little while ago a ship came on shore. The sea was like a huge pouring
cataract, and the wind pressed like a solid body. The dandy new
lifeboats were beaten back; the men on board tugged and strained till
they were exhausted. The oars were double-manned, but nothing would
avail; and all the time the cry of the men on the wrecked vessel sounded
through the storming of the gale. At last one man said, "Let's have the
old 'Tyne.'" The "Tyne" is a superannuated lifeboat which is kept under
lock and key. The key was refused, and the men who demanded it were
implored not to tempt Providence. Thereupon they coolly formed
themselves into a phalanx, rushed against the door, burst it in, hauled
the old "Tyne" down, and saved eight lives.


The keel is a strange kind of barge which is only seen on three of our
northern rivers. She is sharp at both ends, and her lines are extremely
fine. When loaded her deck is flush with the water; yet, under sail, her
speed is very great, and she is as handy as a skiff. These boats are
principally used for carrying coals to and from vessels that lie out in
the river; but they are often employed in conveying various sorts of
goods from town to town. In the old times, when the Tyne was very
shallow, the colliers were loaded from keels, and the river then swarmed
with the low black craft. The keelmen formed a little commonwealth by
themselves; their dress, their language, their customs were all
peculiar, and they were like a foreign race planted among English
neighbours. In the town of Shields alone there were three
dialects--Keelish, Sheelish, and Coblish. The Keelish was spoken by the
keelmen, Sheelish by the tradespeople, and Coblish by the pilots; but
Keelish was the most remarkable of the three tongues. Its idiom, pitch,
and pronunciation were so odd that nobody from south of the Wear could
understand it well without long practice, any more than he could
understand the social customs of the men who spoke it. The "Keel Row,"
which is the great Northumbrian song, is written in very fair Keelish,
and no south-countryman can read the original.

The old-fashioned keelman began his week on Saturday afternoon. He washed
himself thoroughly, and then appeared dressed in a white flannel coat
with horn buttons, loose knee-breeches, and blue worsted stockings. He it
was, and not the pitman, who had a chaste fancy in the matter of
bulldogs, and he rather liked seeing those interesting animals fight. He
himself liked fighting too, and the keelmen's quarter on a Saturday night
used to be a very warlike region; for champions from the various streets
fought for the honour of their respective districts, and the women
encouraged the combatants with much energy and enthusiasm. When the new
police-force was organized, it was as much as a constable's life was
worth to venture alone into Sandgate on a Saturday evening; but the place
is more civilized now. After the Saturday's drinking bout and incidental
combat the keelman had Sunday in which to cultivate the graces. He
lounged on the quay and made witty remarks about the passers-by; or he
strolled to the Moor, in all the glory of flannels and gay stockings, to
see a dog-fight. When Monday came his pleasures were at an end. His black
boat was laid alongside of some grim collier, and the baskets were plied
until the keel sank to the water-level. If there was any wind the sail
was run up, and the keel went away merrily enough; if it was calm the
sweeps had to be handled, and the craft travelled at about one mile per
hour. The deepening of the rivers has altered the conditions of life a
good deal for the watermen; but the race is much the same in every
respect as it was eighty years ago. The Saturday combats are not so
violent, and the dog-fighting is a thing of the past; but the men are
like their forefathers in habits and speech. The keelman has many points
in common with the pitman. He is more ignorant, because his life on the
water begins very early and he is isolated for the better part of every
week; so he is very simple and innocent of the world's ways. His horizon
is bounded by the black banks of his river. Of nature he knows nothing,
excepting that rivers run into the sea, and that tides have to be
watched. In the daytime he toils on the brown flood of the Tyne; and at
night he still toils on the same flood, which is then lit into lurid
brilliance by the fires of the low factory chimneys and furnaces. People
who work on crowded waterways seem to acquire an extraordinary
proficiency in the art of abuse, and in the said art a keelman is much
superior to the Thames bargeman. His collection of epithets is large,
and, since he is combative by nature, he engages freely in the war of
words when engagements at close quarters are impracticable. He is no
respecter of persons. The most dignified captain that ever stood on the
deck of a clipper is not safe from his criticism, and even her Majesty's
uniform is not sacred in his eyes. A keel once drifted against the bow of
a man-of-war, and the first lieutenant of the vessel inquired, "Do you
know the consequences of damaging one of her Majesty's ships?" The
keelman was unprepared with an answer to this problem, but with
characteristic flippancy he inquired, "Div ye knaw the conseekue of a
keel losin' her tide?" The keelman's ignorance of all objects not to be
seen on the river is really strange. Two worthies wanted to go on board a
brig called the "Swan." The vessel had a figure-head representing the
bird after which she was named, so the keelmen hailed in the following
terms, "Like-a-goose-and-not-a-goose, ahoy!" They were much disappointed
by the inattention of the crew. The keelman is religious in his way, but
his ideas lack lucidity. Two friends had left their keel aground up the
river and were walking across a field, when they were chased by a savage
bull. They fled to a tree, and the fleeter-footed man got to the first
fork. The second had swarmed a fair distance up the trunk, when the bull
arrived and began butting with such vigour that the tree was shaken. The
climber could not get up further; so his friend, seeing the imminent
danger, said, "Canst thou pray, Geordie?" The panting unfortunate
answered, "Yes." Whereupon his mate said, "Gan on then, for he'll have
thee in a minute." The bull kept on pushing the tree; so the keelman
tried a totally irrelevant supplication. He said, "For what we are about
to receive may the Lord make us truly thankful." Teasing urchins
sometimes shout after the keelman, "Who jumped on the grindstone?" and
this query never fails to rouse the worst wrath in the most sedate; for
it touches a very sore point. Two men were caught by a heavy freshet and
driven over the bar. The legend declares that one of these mariners saw,
in the dusk, a hoop floating by. The hoop was full of foam; and with
swift intuition the keelman said, "We're saved; here's a grindstone
swimming!" He followed up his discovery by jumping on to the
grindstone--with most unsatisfactory results. His error has led to much
loss of temper among his tribe.

In the matter of sport the keelman's ideas are narrowed to one point. He
is only interested in boat-racing; but he makes up by fervour for his
want of extended views. For weeks before a great race the Sandgate
quarter is in a state of excitement, and wagering is general and heavy.
The faith which the genuine keelman has in his athletic idol is almost
touching. When the well-known Chambers rowed for the championship of
England in 1867, an admirer shouted as the rower went to the starting
point, "Gan on, Bob; I've putten everything I have on you." Chambers
shook his head mournfully and said, "Take it all off again, my man; I
cannot win." But the enthusiast would not accept even that excellent
authority. For a long time before the last championship race the
sporting keelmen put by money every week to back the Tynesider, and the
melancholy result of the race desolated Sandgate. Perhaps it was well
that the Englishman was beaten; for in the event of any athletic success
the whole Tyneside population become very arrogant, and the keelmen
insufferable. Each one of them takes credit for the victory, and the
community of Sandgate becomes a large mutual admiration society.

In politics the keelman's notions are crude. If a stranger spoke
disrespectfully of the present member for Newcastle in the hearing of a
keelman it is not improbable that a crowd would be called, and the
critic would be immersed in the river: but the crowd could not explain
lucidly their reasons for such strong political action. The fact is that
the keelman has no interest in the affairs that occupy people ashore.
The brown river, the set of the tides, the arrival and sailing of the
colliers, the noisy gossip of water-side characters on Saturday
night--these things fill up the measure of his observation. He lives out
his hard-working, hard-drinking life like the stupid Englishman he is;
and when he dies his fights are remembered and his prowess lauded by
generous mourners.


The brig "Wansbeck" sailed on a February day at about four in the
afternoon. She was a fine little vessel, but very badly found in sails
and running-gear. The crew had signed for a voyage to Malmo; and the
owner hurried the ship away because he feared she might be "neaped" in
the little river, as the tides were taking off. The cargo was very badly
stowed; and when the pilot came on board it was discovered that part of
the pump-gear had not arrived. The captain told the owner of this; and
that gentleman said the ship should go to sea without any pumps at all
rather than he would see her lie on the mud. So the moorings were cast
off, and the tug took the tow-rope on board. Luckily, just as the
stern-rope was cast off, the missing pump-gear came to hand.

The sky was heavy and grey; a snoring breeze blew from the E.N.E., and
the vessel went away on a south-east course under double-reefed topsails
and foresail. Everything moveable about the decks was secured, and the
pumps were set on; but after pumping for an hour, and not getting even a
rolling suck, the mate gave orders to sound; when, to the dismay of the
crew, it was found that nine inches of water still remained in the well.
The men had been hard at work all day; there was every sign of a heavy
easterly gale; yet the dismal work of pumping had to go steadily on. At
midnight the gale increased, and the watch was called out to close-reef
the topsails. The owner would not have been pleased had he heard the
language that was used by the men on the yard-arms. One speaker went so
far as to express a wish that his employer was lashed under the cathead;
and, since the cathead was never above water, the suggestion was
received with much applause. The "Wansbeck" had sailed on the 8th of the
month, and until the 11th the pumps were kept constantly going. The
morning of the 12th broke with a wan glare in the sky, and a tremendous
sea came away. The captain was obliged to veer the ship with her head to
the north, and she went away fast before the gale under two close-reefed
topsails. The men's hands were beginning to get badly damaged by the
constant labour, but no rest was possible. On the 13th the wind rose to
a hurricane; and masses of water were flung bodily down on the vessel,
so that she was immersed most of the time and the sailors worked on up
to their waists in pouring water. As one of the crew said, "things was
no mistake dreadful." At the end of every watch the men who should have
gone below were forced to take a two hours' spell at the pump; they then
wrung their clothes, hung them up before the little fire in the
forecastle, and turned in naked. Then, after a brief snatch of sleep,
they jumped out, put on their steaming clothes, and went to the pumps
once more. At 6 a.m. on the 14th the handspike was thumped on the deck,
and a sailor said, "Turn out, boys; she's going down!" Worn out with
want of rest, their hands and feet half flayed, the men staggered out
and went desperately to work again. The brakes of the pumps hung far
above their heads, and after toiling for three hours one of the
standards broke and things looked hopeless. By six o'clock next day
there were four and a half feet of water in the hold, and still the
struggle was kept up with dogged resolution. At ten o'clock the water
had risen to six feet, and all the time the hurricane blew with unabated
force. The ship was plunging away northward, and not a sail could be
seen on all the grey waste of the sea.

Now the crew went aft and told the captain that they could not keep the
"Wansbeck" floating much longer; they thought the flag should be put in
the main rigging, "union down." The captain said, "All right, my lads.
There's but poor hopes for us, I know, whether we take to the boat or
stick to the ship. Take your own way and do what you think is best. Our
time will soon be over." So the flag was hoisted, and the men prepared
for the end--without fear, for sheer physical misery had made them dull
and silently reckless. The captain told a young hand to go into the
forepeak and see if the water had reached far up: the same hand was
ordered to clear away the longboat. Now the fore-trysail bad come down
on the boat; and when it was flung down the young seaman noticed that it
seemed to be sucked down into a kind of eddy. There had been so many
false alarms that the lad did not say anything until he had examined
this new phenomenon carefully. Wading forward, he felt cautiously with
his bare feet and found that his toes went into a large hole. He called
out, "Here's the big leak; our decks are stove in!" and indeed it was
this hole, through which the constant burden of water on deck had
poured, that had caused the pumps to be mastered.

After some very hard work the leak was stopped, and the men began to
labour with new heart. The courage of the men had revived, and they
cheered each other on. For four hours the whole crew went at it with a
will; torn and bleeding hands were unheeded, and the thought of death
was put away. All the same the boat was kept ready for leaving the ship;
but just as the night came down and the white crests began to lighten on
the following seas, the pump sucked slightly, and the crew knew that
they might stand by the vessel. For six-and-twenty hours they had been
on deck without a spell; they had been working in an incessant flood of
water; their sleeves had been doubled up, and every man had ugly
salt-water boils on his arms. The little cabin-boy had stuck gallantly
to work with the rest, but both his feet were frost-bitten, and he could
not stand alone. A more deplorable ordeal was never undergone by men,
and nothing but indomitable hardihood could have kept them up. On the
17th of the month they had got so far north that there was scarcely any
daylight in each twenty-four hours. At noon on that day the poor fellows
saw a thing which was not calculated to cheer them. They were looking
gloomily out, when a little brig like their own seemed to start up amid
the driving haze. She laboured past them; and then they watched her
stagger, stop, and founder. Next day they ran into a comparative calm;
and when the "Wansbeck" reached latitude 65 degrees north, the sea fell
away, and the brig was safe. Then the men felt the misery of their
sores; for after they slept for a while the act of unclosing the hands
was terribly painful. The poor boy was very resigned and brave. He could
not be helped in any way, and both his feet had to be cut off when the
vessel reached Malmo.

A few days' fine weather enabled the crew to repair sails and broken
gear; then the "Wansbeck" clawed her way down the Norwegian coast and
got into the "Sleeve." What the men longed for most was tobacco; and
when at the end of some days' sailing they sighted a Dutch galliot they
boarded her, and the poor English scarecrows were helped liberally. That
night was passed in smoking and a blessed forgetfulness of pain. The
"Wansbeck" was given up at home, and some women had put on mourning
before she was heard of. Nothing could have saved her had not the young
seaman seen that ugly dangerous place where the falling yard had smashed
the dock in; and the owner had to thank the dogged hopeless bravery of
his men for saving the brig even after the great leak was discovered.
The "Wansbeck" is still running; but she has patent rigging and
serviceable pumps, and probably her owner is not so much the object of
unfriendly wishes.


The men who go away in the great smacks and remain at sea for many weeks
at a time are used to call themselves fishermen; but the long-shore
fisher does not consider these smacksmen as being members of his
profession at all. A person who leaves his own village, and never comes
home in the morning like a decent citizen, is regarded with much
condescension by the owner of a coble. The bolder voyager calls himself
a fisher, but he is really only a kind of sailor; and as such he is a
being to be patronized by the true craftsman. Right up the coast, from
the Tyne to Berwick, little villages are planted at intervals of about
four miles; and these villages are mostly inhabited by men who only use
open boats. The ethnologists say that, as regards height, chest
measurement, and strength, the population of this strip of coast shows
the finest men in the world. The Cumberland dalesmen are often very
tall; but in weight and girth of chest the mountaineers are not equal to
the Northumbrian fishers. Dr. Brown has published some curious
statistics bearing on this point; and he is of opinion that the flower
of the English race may be found within a circle of two or three miles
around the village of Boulmer. The villages are much alike in every
respect. The early settlers seem to have looked for places where a
range of low rocks lay like the string of a bow across the curve of a
bay, or where a cove nestled under the southerly steep of a jutting
point. The beaches shelve very gradually, and are never shingly; so that
a special kind of boat gradually had to be contrived in order that the
peculiar nature of the landing might be suited. The early fishermen saw
that the boat must have a very light draught of water, and yet be
sufficiently weatherly to face the open sea. Thus, after years of
experiment, the "coble" was designed in its present form; and these
craft are as much the product of their special locality as are the men
who man them. The coble has an exceedingly deep bow, which grips the
water to a depth of some three feet, and which resembles in contour the
breastbone of a grebe or northern diver. This great curve is rimmed with
iron. But from the bend the lines slope upward, until at the stern the
boat is quite flat-bottomed and only about three feet in depth. She is
poised so that while her bow draws three feet of water her stern will
float in one or two inches; and she will come so near the shore that one
can climb over her stern nearly dryshod. In smooth water she may be
rowed about very easily and safely; but it would be impossible to carry
sail on a craft of which really only one-half of the keel is submerged:
she would capsize instantly in a very light wind. This difficulty is
cleverly met. As soon as the coble is put under sail her great rudder is
fixed; and this rudder, which is very broad, goes under water to a depth
of three feet or so. When the wind is on the beam the rudder acts
exactly like a centre-board: if it breaks, nothing can save the coble;
but so long as it holds the vessel will lie well over and sail with
amazing swiftness. Years upon years of apprenticeship are needed before
a man can manage one of these crank boats; in fact, the fishermen's
proverb says, "You must be born in a coble if you want to learn anything
about her."

The race of men who work in the cobles have good chances of becoming
skilful, for they begin very early. When the fisher-boy has passed the
merest infancy his steps tend to the water-side as naturally as though
he were a young sea-bird. He carries the water-bottles down to the boats
in the afternoon, and sees his father and the other men hauling off out
of the shallow cove. The evening comes down, and he watches the race
northward until the last brown sail has passed around the point. In the
morning he is ready for the boats as they come home, and he can
distinguish each craft exactly, although an outsider would be able to
see not a whit of difference. He sees the fish carted, and then goes
home with the stolid heavy-footed men. All the morning, while the
fishermen are sleeping, the fisher-lad is busy helping the women to bait
lines or spread nets, according to the season. He goes in an amateur way
to school, but he is the wildest and most gipsy-like of scholars. His
thoughts have suffered a sea change, and he takes badly to books and
slates. A studious fisherman is hardly to be found, and it is only
within the last twenty years that the accomplishment of reading has
become known in the smaller villages. Since the Government school system
spread, many little places have been established; but what can a poor
schoolmaster do with a pupil who is wanted nearly every morning to
gather bait on the rocks, and who must see the trouting boats off on the
summer afternoons? The fisher-boy always goes barefooted. Big sea-boots
suit him when he grows up, but the shabby compromise of shoes or
"bluchers" is totally unacceptable to him. When he goes to school he
sometimes puts the hated footgear on; but as soon as the prison-doors
are passed he slings the boots round his neck and goes merrily home with
his brown feet moving freely. He will charge through a clump of nettles
quite indifferently; and this wondrous power strikes civilized children
with awe. The fisher-boy's language is a strange mixture. No southerner
can understand him; for, besides using old words, the fisher speaks with
harsh gutturals that make a burring sound in his throat. He calls a wild
cherry a "guigne;" he calls a swede turnip a "baygee," a gooseberry a
"grozer," mud "clarts," a horse-collar a "brime." If he had to say "I
fell head over heels," he would remark, "Aw cowped me creels." The
stranger is puzzled by this surprising tongue, but the fisher is proud
of it. No words can express his scorn for a boy who learns to talk
"Massingem" (which is the fisher's word for English): he scouts that
degenerate boy and refuses to consort with him. When the fisher-lad gets
measured for his first oilskins he is very proud. To "get away Norrad"
is the right of men; and he feels himself manly as he sits amidships
while the coble skims out into the bay. He is usually sent to the
trouting first; and then all night long he glides about on the dark bay
and hears the sounds from the moor and the woods. It falls cold toward
the dawn, and the boy grows hard and strong through his nightly ordeal.
When his hands are properly hardened like his horny feet, he is allowed
to row the coble with crossed oars; and then he becomes very useful, for
the men are left free to haul nets and plash on the water to frighten
the trout. When he reaches the age of sixteen, the fisher-lad clothes
himself in thick pilot-cloth and wears a braided cap on Sundays. He
pierces his ears too, and his thin golden rings give him a foreign look.
The young fisher-folk are very shamefaced about sweet-hearting. A lad
will tramp eight miles after dark to see his sweetheart; but he would be
stupefied with shame if anyone saw him walking with her. The workman of
the towns escorts his lover on Sunday afternoons, and is not ashamed;
but the fisher-folk never walk openly in couples.

Courtship is a very unpoetic affair with them. No one ever heard a
fisher use such a word as "love:" he would not consider himself a man if
he once learned such a fragment of "Massingem." If by any chance the
village grows crowded and some of the young men have to go southward to
the seaports, then those who return may bring sailor-like ways with
them; but the natives always remain hard and undemonstrative.

It is difficult to say when the fisher-lad is considered to have reached
man's estate. A good deal depends on his physical development. The work
to be done at sea is so very heavy that only a very powerful fellow can
perform it. It sometimes happens that a very strong lad of eighteen can
do a "man's turn;" but usually a fisherman must be thoroughly "set"
before he is counted as one of the elect. He then begins to think of
marriage, and his long Sunday evening journeys become frequent. He must
marry a fisher-girl; for if he chooses a hind's daughter he is as badly
off as a one-armed man. The work done by the fisher-women needs long and
special training: the baiting of lines is a delicate and subtle
operation, while the business of seeking bait is one which no
country-woman ever learns properly. Moreover, a country girl who has
been used to wearing long dresses and shoes can never take kindly to
bare feet and brief petticoats: the cold and exposure are too much for
her. A fisherman who marries a girl from inland is considered to have
wrecked his chances in life, and the gossips bewail his fate. He is shut
off from social intercourse; for his wife, even though she may have
lived within two miles of the sea, cannot meet the clannish fishers on
equal terms. If, however, the fisherman marries according to natural
law, he and his wife begin their partnership without any of the
frivolities of wedding trips and such like. The girl settles down
quickly; and in a week she is baiting lines in the stone-floored
kitchen, or tramping inland with her great fish basket slung round her
forehead. She bows her strong figure under her burden, and the great pad
which prevents the rope from cutting her brow looks like a strange
head-dress. Her husband is too secretive to exhibit any pride, but he is
satisfied with his helpmate.

The fisherman has no amusements. In the afternoons, when his sleep is
over, he walks up and down in the Row and gazes around; but he rarely
laughs, and few things interest him unless he is religious. Fishermen
seldom gossip like rustics. Sometimes they have a queer dry humour which
comes out in short phrases, but they never carry on sustained
conversation. The faculty of expression is granted them in very sparing
degree. The fisherman's courage is perfect, yet he cannot speak of his
own actions. He will do the most brave things in a stolid, unconscious
way; but he could not frame a hundred consecutive words to tell anyone
what he had done. He never shows any emotion excepting when under the
influence of religious excitement. The melancholy of the sea seems to
have entered his nature, and his chief efforts aim at self-restraint.
When the little Methodist chapel resounds with the noise of appreciative
groanings and sighing, it is very rarely that anything like
gesticulation or vivid facial change is seen. Deep-chested men utter
sonorous ejaculations and the women sigh, but there is no shuffling of
feet and no movement. As a class, the fishers have grown to be more
religious than almost any other body of men, and they like powerful
excitement; but they are always severely decorous. In his behaviour
toward his social superiors the fisherman is rugged--perhaps morbidly
rugged--but his brusque familiarity is not offensive. To touch his cap
would be impossible to him, but his direct salute is neither
self-assertive nor impolite. The fisherman toils on till the time comes
for him to stay ashore always. His life is a very risky one, and the
history of every village is largely made up of stories about drowned
men, for the coast is an ugly place, and the utmost skill and daring can
hardly carry a man through a lifetime without accident. If the accident
is fatal, there is an end of all: the bruised bodies are washed up; the
women wring their hands, and the old men walk about silently. But if
things go well, then the fisherman's old age is comfortable enough. The
women look after him kindly, and on sunny mornings he enjoys himself
very well as he nurses the children on the bench facing the sea.


The "Halicore" ran into harbour one October morning and took up her
berth at the quay. The brig had come from a nine months' voyage and the
men were regarded as heroes when they came ashore, for most of our
vessels were merely coasters. When all was made snug on board, the
sailors went to their homes and received the admiring homage of the
neighbours. One young man whose parents lived in a cottage away to the
north was very keen to get home. He had a weary stretch of moorland to
pass, and the evening was wild, with only fitful gleams of moonlight to
brighten the dark, but the young sailor would not stay. He knew the old
people would be sitting by the fireside till half-past ten or eleven,
and it delighted him to think how they would start with joy when he
rattled the latch on the door. An innkeeper warned him about the state
of the roads, but the sailor was a light-hearted fellow, and paid no
heed to the talk about "muggers," or gipsies. He had been very careful
during the voyage, so that his leather belt under his waistcoat was well
filled with sovereigns and silver. Of course he knew that the "muggers,"
(or travelling potters), were sometimes nasty customers to meet on a
dark night, but he reckoned that he could hold his own anywhere. Jack
was well-built, and very swift of foot, and he strode fast over the dark
and misty moor. The furze bushes roared as the wind went through, and
the heather made a mysterious whispering, but Jack did not mind the
noises that affect the nerves of cultured persons. A poacher bade him a
kindly good-night, and added, "Mind there'll be some queer fellows along
by the Dead Man's Trail," but Jack did not turn back, although he felt
the poacher's warning a little. Rabbits scampered past him, and an owl
beat steadily over the heather like a well-trained setter. When the dark
grew thicker the wail of the curlews as they called from overhead was
strange. The howl of a fox, that weirdest of all sounds, came sharply
from among the brown brackens, but Jack was not impressed: he was home
again, and the piercing cry of the fox was only a pleasant reminder of
good fortune.

Presently three men stopped the traveller, and asked the road to the
port from which he had just come. One of them struck a match and managed
to throw a gleam on Jack's face before the wind put the flame out. By
the same light, the sailor saw that the three men were muggers, and that
they were not pleasant-looking people. He disengaged himself and walked
swiftly north for about thirty yards. A thud of feet made him turn, and
from one brief glance he knew that the men were making a rush for him.
He gathered his energies instantly, and struck off at his best speed. He
was an excellent runner and a good jumper, so that he gradually drew
away from his pursuers until he lost the sound of their feet; but he
knew that they were doggedly following, and that his only chance was to
reach the ferry, and get the ferryman to help him. Now this same ferry
plied across a swift stream that ran into the sea about two and a half
miles north of the place where he met the men. The current was so very
strong that no boatman could possibly row from bank to bank: the boat
would have been swept out to sea. So a strong chain had been run across
the river, and the boat was fastened to a ring which ran along this
chain. The ferryman simply stood in the bow of the wherry and hauled her
across by main force, passing the ring along as he went. Every night the
chain was lowered into the water, and the man left his little boat, and
went westward to his proper home. It should be said that the chain could
be wound from either bank, for a winch was placed at each side.

Jack was badly out of breath when he reached the ferry, and he felt
minded to lie down, but there was no time for resting. He ran to the
water's edge, and found the man and boat gone, the hut dark, and the
chain lowered. The stream poured past like a millrace, and he looked
hopelessly on the swift water. At first he thought of turning to take
his fate. He had his clasp knife and he could die fighting if they
really meant to murder him. Then he thought of his money and the good it
would do at home, and he determined to try once more. He ran to the
winch and bent himself at it; the chain came up and gradually tightened
until he saw dimly that the long arc was quite clear of the water. Just
as he had clenched the winch the foremost of the footpads came down the
hill and shouted as he saw the sailor. Jack got underneath the chain,
took firm hold with his hands and twisted his legs round as though he
were climbing a back-stay; then he began to haul himself across. Before
he had gone forty yards he felt that there was someone else clambering
along that awkward support, but he knew that forty yards more would make
him safe. He was nearly smothered at the place where the chain dipped
lowest, for the water was coming in freshets; but he hung on, and landed
panting and with grazed limbs on the north bank. By the shaking of the
chain he knew that the mugger was coming along, and he decided in a
flash to take strong measures. There was a good surplus to run out, so
he set the winch free. He heard one loud cry, and then there was
silence. He had drowned the footpad. The best swimmer on the coast could
not have got to the shore in that place.

Jack's nerve was completely gone, and he could hardly raise a trot. He
used to laugh much about the terrors that he suffered during the
remainder of his journey. First of all he trod on a young rabbit, and
the shrill squeak that came sent his heart to his mouth; then, just as
he neared his home, the shepherd's donkey took the fancy to bray with
vigour, and Jack thought for one moment that another enemy was upon him.
Presently he saw the light in his own window, and he knew that he was in
honest regions once more. The old people were much amazed when their son
came in, bare-headed, wet, and covered with red rust from the friendly
chain, but they were glad to see him in any plight. The moor is in much
better order now-a-days, for the muggers are all driven away north to
Yetholm and Wooler. A stately policeman traverses the bank once every
night, and no one is ever molested. The first policeman was stabbed from
behind, and flung over the cliff, but there has been no mischief since
that time, and the district is very quiet indeed.


The moor was blazing in the sun. Bright gorse flamed above the pale
green grass, and little pools flashed white rays up to the sky. Hob's
Tommy stepped out of doors, and took a long look round. He was not
impressed by the riot of colour that spread around him; he looked over
the pulsing floor of the sea, and thought, "It will be a fine night for
the trouting."

Tommy was a large man, who seemed to shake the ground as he trod. His
face was devoid of speculation, and his dull blue eyes looked from under
heavy and unamiable brows. His hair was matted, and his mode of dressing
his big limbs showed that he was careless of opinion. He was called
Hob's Tommy because the villagers had a fancy for regarding sons as the
personal property of the father, and thus a man called Thomas, who
happened to be the son of a man called John, never received his surname
during his whole life, excepting on the occasions of his baptism and
marriage. He was known as Jack's Tom. If he, in his turn, happened to
have a son whom he chose to name Henry, the youth was known as Jack's
Tom's Harry. Our friend Tommy's father had been called Hob, and hence
the name of the ill-tempered lout who was gazing on the unsullied sea.
Tommy watched the green water breaking over the brown sand, and far out
at sea he saw the thick haze still brooding low. He knew the evening
would be fine, and he knew that he would have a good basket for next
day's market. He put his hands in his pockets, and strolled away from
the unsavoury neighbourhood of the Fishers' Row on to the glistening
moor. His eyes were fixed on the ground, and into his mind entered no
thought saving calculations about money and drink. Any stranger who had
met him walking over the thyme, with his fierce face bent downward,
would have gained a bad notion of the local population. A sudden jangle
of bells filled the air, and the ringers went to work gaily. Quaint
farmers went along dressed in creased suits of clothing; quiet country
women nodded as they passed, but Tommy heeded none of his neighbours. He
was a brutal man, whose presence seemed an insult to the holy morning.
He walked mechanically on over the moor, and let the sound of church
bells die away in his ear. Presently he came to a beautiful slope, which
was starred with pink geraniums. The sun shone warmly upon it, and a
lark flashed from amid the flowers with a sound of joy, and carried his
rejoicing up into the sky. Tommy thought, "This is a nice warm place to
lie down on. I'll light my pipe." And he stretched himself amid the
tender flowers. The glow and the colour of the life around him, and the
sparkle of the sea, seemed at last to make some dim suggestion to his
mind. He said, half aloud, "Wonder what I'm here for. I don't know. I
only wish it was seven o'clock and the sun droppin';--he was a lazy man
that invented Sunday;--another day I'll away to the fishin' i' the
mornin', and the folks can say just what they like. I'm not goin' to
waste my time and my baccy lyin' on sand hills." So he smoked on until
the sun reached its greatest height, and the afternoon shadows lay like
dark pansies in the hollows.

Now it happened that in the neighbouring village it was usual to hold an
afternoon service and an evening service in the Wesleyan chapel. The
services followed close on each other, and there was great competition
among the villagers as to who should give the preacher his tea in the
interval. Tommy presently found himself looking sleepily at a man who
was bent over the moor to attend the chapel. If you had met the
new-comer you would have been compelled to look back at him. He was tall
and spare. His shoulders were very broad, and he walked with a kind of
military tread. His face was good to see; the calm and joy of the bright
day seemed to have entered his soul, and his eyes looked as though he
were thinking of things too deep for words. His mouth was sternly
closed, and yet despite its tension the delicate lines at the corners
seemed to speak of humour and tenderness. His hat was thrown back a
little, and showed a large forehead marked by slight lines, which spoke
not so much of temper as of placid musing. He was murmuring to himself
as he walked, and he seemed to be in communion with a multitude of
exquisite thoughts. When he reached the bank where the geraniums grew,
his placidity quickened into alertness as he saw the figure of Tom
stretched upon the grass. He stepped up to the lounger and said, in a
low cheery tone--

"Well, Thomas, my man, and what takes you out at this time of day? I
suppose you are having a bit of a rest after yesterday?"

Thomas answered in the following terms:--

"I don't know what business it is of yours what I am doing. If you want
to know what I am here for, I'll tell you. I am thinking how I can cheat
the Conservancy men to-night. I wish you good-day."

The tall man was not by any means surprised by the uncourteous answer.
He was used to the homely insolence of the fishermen. So he said--

"Well, Thomas, I was young myself once, and I liked to lounge on the
Sunday as well as anybody; but it's God's Sabbath, and after all, you
know, my lad, you are not a pig, and I think you might be doing ever so
much better things than lying here. I am not a bit of a saint, and I am
not going to bother you about religion, but it struck me, as I came
across the moor, that I was happy, and you are not. Now I'll tell you
what I am going to do, Thomas--you won't throw me over the rock-edge,
because I am rather an awkward hand at that sort of thing. I am going to
sit down and have a pipe beside you. Will you give me a light?"

Tommy could not condescend to a grin, but he observed--

"Sit down and smoke as many pipes as you like, so long as you leave me
alone, Mr. Musgrave."

Musgrave knew his man, and answered smilingly--

"But I am not going to sit down to smoke and keep quiet. I want to have
a bit of talk to you; and as soon as I am done I am going to take you
with me. What do you think of that, Thomas?" And thereupon the old man
lighted his pipe, and sat smiling for a little and moving his long
fingers daintily. "When the two queer companions had taken puff by puff
together for some time, Musgrave said--

"Thomas, my lad, you are very unhappy. I am happy, and I think a man has
no more right to keep happiness to himself than he has to keep money to
himself. I am going to share with you. Now, I'm an old fellow that's got
near done with the world, and you are a slashing young chap, and the
girls look after you. But still, though I am parting with the world, and
you have got a long time to stay in it, I am better off than you. The
sight of these flowers makes me joyful, but it only seems to make you
dour. Now, shall I tell you how it is that I am so happy?"

"I don't want to be happy. What's that got to do with the thing? If you
tell me that there's fifty sovereigns buried at the bottom of Lyne Hill
there, I'll go and try to dig the hill away and get at them, because the
trouble's worth taking; but I don't see the fun of seeking for what you
call happiness."

"Well, then, Thomas, how much do you expect to make by trouting

"Well, if there's any luck, Jem and me will divide fifteen shillings
between us."

"Very good; then I'll give you seven-and-six-pence now. Here are your
three half-crowns. Will you come with me?"

The sulky giant smiled sourly and said, "I don't see why I should not.
Where are you for?"

"Well, I am going to preach at the chapel, Thomas, and I would like you
to hear me and walk home with me, and I think that when I have landed
you at your house that you won't be sorry for missing the trouting."

Tommy rose heavily up, shook the fragments of dry grass from his patched
garments, and signified that he was ready. Musgrave took his arm, and at
once assumed an attitude of companionship and equality. He talked with
this churl about all manner of trivialities, flattered him, appealed to
his sense of shrewdness, made little jokes suitable to his wit, and
finally succeeded in making him feel himself to be rather a clever and
entertaining person. The afternoon sun sloped lower and lower as the two
strolled over the moor. Musgrave's thoughts were high, although his
words ran upon childish things. He had no particular artistic sense, but
the joy of colour, the blaze of the sky, the warm and exhilarating air,
made him feel as though he must utter praises. After passing some miles
of strange moorland, covered with the blaze of gorse, and the
multitudinous flash of marshy pools, the two arrived at a curious square
building, which stood a little outside the fishing village.

Musgrave said, "Now, Thomas, come in, and I'll find you a pew," and the
two entered a low room. The congregation was already collected. There
were fierce faces, bronzed by wind and sun. There were quiet faces that
bore the marks of thought and the memories of toil. The men were all
rudely dressed, and the women wore the primitive clothing which for
three hundred years past has served for the simple tastes of the
villagers. After a pause of a few minutes, Walter Musgrave's tall figure
loomed in the shadowy corner where the pulpit stood. A simple hymn was
dictated and sung in strong nasal tones. The old man who led the singing
prided himself upon the volume of sound which he could at any instant
propel through his nose. Strangers were sometimes a little disconcerted
by this feat, for it seemed as if some wholly new description of trumpet
had been suddenly invented. This man of the trumpet voice was wont to
close his eyes and turn his face towards the ceiling. When once the
preliminary blast had been blown from his nostrils, no power on earth
could stay the flood of song. He became oblivious of time and space and
the congregation. Considerations as to harmony did not enter into his
scheme of the universe. If he got flagrantly wrong, he simply coughed
and took up the thread of the musical narrative where he left off. The
congregation had a great notion of his powers. They considered that the
terrific drone with which he opened a hymn could not be equalled in any
church or in any chapel for twenty miles round.

Musgrave suffered a good deal under the storm of harmony, but he always
bore it bravely, and, when possible, lent the aid of his own high, sweet
tenor, to the nasal clamour. After the hymn came a short prayer,
delivered as though the speaker really believed that his God was at
hand, and would instantly listen to any petition humbly proffered by
frail creatures. At the end of a short pause, Walter Musgrave stood up
to speak. He broadened his chest and straightened himself,
unconsciously hinting at his physical power. He then read his text in a
low voice: _"Why is life given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God
hath hedged in?"_ Musgrave was an uneducated man, with strong logical
instincts. Perhaps, had he been educated thoroughly, the poetic vein,
which gave the chief charm to his mind and conversation, would have been
destroyed. As it was, he invariably confined himself to logic so long as
his emotions remained untouched; but there were moments when his blood
seemed to catch fire, and he broke away from the calm reasoning which
serves for placid men. He then spoke with poetry, and with an accent
which affected the nerves of all who heard him. On this afternoon he
began with a little sketch of the history of Job, and he then detailed
his notion that the Arab, who wrote the most wonderful book in the
world, was really the type of the modern man, and lived hundreds of
generations before his time. He pointed out that all around us in
Britain were men of deep thoughts, and wise thoughts, who had grown
discontented with the world, and had set up their own intelligence in an
endeavour to grasp the purpose of an intelligence infinitely higher. The
existence of evil, the existence of pain, the existence of all the
things that make men's pilgrimage, from dark to dark, mysterious and
awful, can never be probed to any purpose by one creature created by the
great Power who also created the mystery of pain and the problem of
evil. Dwelling in the desert, and seeing day by day the movements of the
world, and the strange progress of the stars, Job had grown to cherish
the pride of intellect. So long as his prosperity was unbroken, he was
contented, and busied himself day after day in relieving the wants of
the poor and in succouring the oppressed. But when the blast of
affliction blew upon him, his kindly disposition forsook him for a
little, and he only thought of his own bitterness; he only thought of
the puzzles that have faced every man who has a heart to feel since
first our race appeared in this wondrous place. Musgrave thought that
every man who has faith, every man whose heart has been torn by the
wrenches of chance, must sympathize with the yearning of Job; but at the
last every man, like Job, comes to see that there are things beyond our
minds. Each of us learns that there are things before which our
intelligence must be abashed, and that the only safe rule of life is to
fall into the attitude of trust, and question no more. He felt it
necessary to touch his homely hearers, and he said: "Only last week the
wind woke from the sky, and the storm swept over the moor, and swept
over this little place where two or three are now gathered together to
worship. Many of our friends put forth in the morning in the joy of
strength, in the pride of manhood, and no one of them fancied the sea
that now fawns upon the shore would wake up into fury, and would dash
its claws into cliff and sand, and rend the works of man into
nothingness. We stood together on these cliffs--wives whose husbands
were wrestling with the storm, mothers who were yearning for the sons
they had borne. We saw the boats fight nearer and nearer through the mad
spray and the tearing blasts. One after another we saw them crushed and
sunken by the hand of the wind. Many of us went to our homes with
bitterness at heart. We could not tell why those innocent men should
have been snatched out of life; we could not tell why the innocent
sufferers who remain should bear their sorrow through all the years
until the release of death comes. Our thoughts were the thoughts that
Job cherished in the black depths of his agony. But let me counsel you;
let me ask you to remember that although death is here and pain is
here--although every moment of our lives brings some new mystery--yet in
the end there shall be peace. Our little sufferings count as nothing in
the sum of the universe. The ills that we cry out against are only but
as the troubles of children, and over all watches the Father who cared
for Job in the desert, and who took to His own breast the souls of those
who went down in the storm that crushed so many hopes of so many men and
women in this our little village. I ask you only to trust. I give you no
arguments. I only beg you to feel. Crush your questionings. Force
yourself to believe in your own insignificance; force yourself to think
that suffering has a wise end, and that even our pains, which are so
great to us, are part of the scheme of a Master who is moulding the
universe to His own plans. When once you have attained this central
attitude of calm and trust, then for the rest of your life you will know
nothing but joy. The thought of death will be no more like to the horror
of a nightmare, but you will meet the great change even as you meet the
deep black sleep of tired men. You will know, while thought remains,
that you have not lived in vain, and you have not died in vain, for
somewhere in God's providence there shall be rest for you, and immortal

The thin frame of the speaker quivered as he spoke, and his long fingers
writhed with a motion that gave emphasis to his ringing tones. Hob's
Tommy had never heard anything like this before. He sat stupefied, and
felt as though some music not heard of hitherto were playing and giving
him gladness. The congregation broke up, and old William Dent said to
one of his cronies, "Watty was grand this afternoon. Ay, they may talk
about the fine preachers with the Greek and the Latin, but I want to
hear a man like that." Musgrave and Hob's Tommy walked back over the
moor in the twilight after the second service, and the giant spoke not a
word all the way until they reached the bridge that crossed the little
river. The dying twilight made the sluggish water like silver, and the
trees were just beginning to moan with the evening wind. Tommy stood in
the middle of the bridge, and looked--looked into the dark depths of the
water, and then let his eye trace the silver path of the river where it
vanished in the soft purple tints of the wood. He said, "If I was to
drop over here now, Mr. Musgrave, do you think God would take me?" And
Musgrave said--

"Don't talk nonsense, Thomas; come along with me. When God wants to take
you, He will take you; but you must not be trying to put your opinions
in place of God's. Turn back, my man, and look at the Point there where
the Cobbler's Stone stands. Now forget that you are looking at the calm
stream, and think what you would feel like one dark night, with a
northerly gale, if you had to fight your way round the Cobbler, and
expected the sea to double over your boat every minute. You are not in
danger now, and your business is to worship. Try to think, my lad, what
you would feel if you expected that every sea would be the last one. Now
come away, and talk no more nonsense to-night."

So Hob's Tommy did not go trouting on that Sunday evening.

The next day, when he woke up, he had a sense of strangeness, and it
suddenly flashed upon him that he ought to pray. He did not exactly know
how to begin, but he managed to produce a curious imitation of the
prayer he had heard Musgrave deliver the day before. He then put on his
sea-boots and sou'-wester, and strolled into the kitchen. When his
mother heard his foot in the passage, she trembled a little, because Tom
was not over civil as a rule. To her utter astonishment, the ruffian
whom she loved said, "Good morning, mother. Is the coffee ready?" He
then stepped up to her, and placed his arm round her shoulders. He had
never kissed anybody in his life; so that form of endearment did not
occur to him; but he bent his bearded face, and laid his cheek clumsily
against his mother's. The draggled woman was so startled that she was
unable to form any idea as to the possible cause of this transformation.
She only said, "Sit down, my bonny man, and your bacon will be ready for
you in two minutes. I have never seen you look so well in my life. Will
I be sending to the town for some bottled beer for you by the time you
get back?"

"No, mother; I am going to try and do without the drink for a bit. I hit
you last Saturday night, didn't I?"

"Well, don't speak about that, my bonny man."

"Show us the mark, mother."

She bared her arm to the shoulder, and there, sure enough, was a black

He ate his breakfast and went out, leaving his mother in a condition of
exaltation which she had not known for many years. All the day, while
the lines were over the side, Tommy sat with his face in his hands. His
two mates joked with him, swore at him, tried all kinds of clumsy
inducements to make him revert to his ordinary saturnine and
entertaining mode of conversation; but he would not be tempted from his
silence. Towards evening a chill blast struck off from the shore, and
Mary's Jem, who was Tommy's mate, said--

"My man, we'll have the white horses in half a minute!"

A short, jumping sea sprang up as if by magic; the men hauled in their
lines, took three reefs in the coble's mainsail before hoisting, and
then laid the boat's head for the land. Minute by minute the blast grew
heavier; quick gusts shook the bents on the sandy hills, and screamed
away over the moaning floor of the sea. The boat had to beat very near
the wind, and, as she ducked and plunged to the short rollers, clouds of
spray came aboard, varied by plunges of green water. Sailing within
three and a half points of the wind, and with her three reefs in the
lug, she made at least four knots, and the water roared under her
rudder. Jemmy lit his pipe, and said--

"We'll have to run north, my man."

Tommy said, energetically,--

"No, I'll not. The old woman is going to make my supper for me, and I'll
not disappoint her, if I'm drowned in trying."

So the boat raced towards the bay, bows under. Nearing the Carr, where a
narrow passage opens into smooth water, a strong back-wash came from the
jagged rocks. One curling black sea came foaming back, and met the green
sea that was plunging on to the reef. A mountain of water rose and fell
with a heavy crash over the sail, and the boat turned slowly over. All
three men were encumbered with their heavy sea-boots, but they managed
to struggle out and fasten themselves on to the high keel. Four or five
seas came in quick succession; the boat reached shallow water; the mast
snapped with a loud crash, and within a few seconds Tommy said--

"Jump now, men, for it."

Up to their waists in water, the men clambered on to the sand and looked
round, only to see the wreck of their coble beating herself to pieces
with heavy lunges twenty yards from the shore.

Tommy spat the salt water out of his mouth, and fell upon his knees. He
then walked up to the village, changed his clothes, behaved with
elephantine tenderness to his mother, and walked out in the darkness to
see his friend, the gardener. He sat on the settle in the low kitchen,
and smoked solemnly without speaking. The next night he appeared at the
same hour, and spent his evening in the same composed manner. For three
weeks he never missed a night, and the gardener's family were puzzled to
an extraordinary degree by the sombre expression of his face, and by his
abstinence from the rude remarks which were wont to characterize his
conversation concerning his friends and neighbours. Mrs. Wray, the
gardener's wife, said one evening, "I wonder what the lout comes
doddering about here for. He sits as if some of the lads had cutten his
tongue out." The very next night Tommy solved her obstinate
questionings. He said, "Mary, my hinny, I have found God;" and the next
afternoon Walter Musgrave was astonished and pleased to see the fierce
face of Tommy glaring from the seat opposite the pulpit. This dumb man
had no means of expressing the feelings that were taking possession of
him. He only knew that he felt kindly towards all living things, and,
above all, he felt as though he must manifest a feeling akin to worship
when he was in the gentle presence of Musgrave.

Year after year, until his mother died, he never failed in his kindness
towards her, and the old dame was wont to express a kind of comic
surprise at the womanish demeanour of her son. He caught fish for his
living, but a cramped piece of reasoning forced him to the conclusion
that it would be wrong for him to shoot any more birds. He said, "The
birds was made by God, and God's been good to me, and I am not going to
hurt them." Sunday after Sunday in all weathers he strode off to the
moor. Wayfarers would meet him at night when the wind was hurling down
from the Cheviots and bringing clouds of snow. He had but one salutation
for all who met him: "Good night, my man; God bless you till the

Sometimes, when the paths were so foul that nothing but wading would
take a man over the moor, Tommy was greatly puzzled about finding his
way, and one night he and Musgrave walked unsuspectingly over a low
cliff, and fell softly upon a great ridge of sand. But these little
misadventures did not by any means daunt Tommy. His new religion was
that he must be at chapel twice every Sunday, and at prayer-meetings as
often through the week as Musgrave chose to take him. To this he held.
The Squire's pheasants suffered no longer, and Tommy's big lurcher
displayed a tendency towards virtue which earned him the admiration of
all the gamekeepers on the estate. Efforts were made to get the big man
to pray at the ordinary love-feasts that were held in connection with
the chapel, but he always said, "No; my Father and me has all our
conversations to ourselves. It is not as if God didn't know; but I don't
think a blackguard like me should address Him face to face after the
life I have led."

The years went by, and Tommy's shaggy beard showed signs of grizzling.
His huge limbs were more deliberate in their movement, and his low
forehead had somehow or other acquired a certain spiritual aspect. He
wrought at his trade, saved money, and spent some in decorating his
mother's grave. One night, when he was smoking his pipe with Musgrave,
he said--

"Christ died for all the lot of us, didn't He? That was a rare thing to
do. Now, suppose He says, when I meet Him, 'What are you doing here? You
have done nothing but go to chapel.' Now, Mr. Musgrave, will you tell me
this: what should I say in a case of that sort?"

Old Musgrave wrinkled his wise brows and replied, "Thomas, my man, He
knows your heart. I suppose you think you ought to save life, or
something of that kind, don't you?"

"Yes, sir, that's just what I do think," said Thomas.

"Well, believe me, your chance will come. Now let's light up our pipes,
and walk over the moor home, Thomas, and puzzle yourself no more about
these things."

A bad winter came, and the thundering seas broke so continually over the
rocks that it was impossible for the men to get bait on their own rocks.
All day long the loungers walked the cliff edge, and watched the columns
of spray hissing up from the black rocks. Day after day the clouds
seemed to mix themselves with the sea as they laid their grey shoulders
to the water. Money became scarce in the village, and the men who had
savings had to help those who were poorer. When things got almost too
bad for bearing, Billy Armstrong said to one of his friends--

"Look here, you and me and Hob's Tommy will run round to the Tyne, and
get some mussels, or else the whole place will be starved when the fine
weather comes."

A big coble was got out, and ran down to the Tyne with a northerly wind
through the shrewd and vicious sea. The men got the cargo of mussels,
and at four in the afternoon prepared to beat their way northward. It
was then blowing half a gale, but the wind had shifted round from the
shore, so that very little tacking was required. As the shades fell
lower and lower, the wind rose higher and higher. The blasts galloped
down through the hollows, and struck the brown sail of the coble like
the sound of musketry. The boat lay hard over, and the water leaped in
spurts over her lee gunwale. They reached the point where the Cobbler's
Stone stood. Tommy was in a strange state of exaltation. He pointed to
the misty shore, then to the black stone round which the water was
seething. He said quietly, "Yonder, my lads!"

They rounded the point, and put the boat's head nearer to windward. A
harsh ripping sound was heard under the bottom. She lay hard over until
a blast came and tore her clear. Billy Armstrong said--

"You have taken her in a bit too near, my son. The bilge chocks is both
pulled off; look you, they're gone away astern." And, sure enough, two
long planks drifted away behind the boat. They had been torn off by the
force with which she rushed upon the outlying rock. Tommy said, "Let's
have another reef in, mates." But before the sail could be half lowered,
a storming gust swept out of the bay, and struck the boat with a roar.
The long rudder smashed; a green sea doubled up behind her, and she
turned over exactly as the coble had done when Tommy first prayed.

In the wild waves it was hard for the men to get hold. The bilge chocks
were gone, and thus all chance of a hand grip was lost. Half-way down
the square stern of the boat a hole had been bored, through which a
rope had been passed and knotted at both ends. This rope served the men
in hauling the boat down to the sea. Only one could hold on to this
short scrap, and Tommy, who was the first to think of it, seized it, and
held on with the strength of his despair. The boat lunged and struck the
faces of the two men who were holding on to her sides. Billy Armstrong
was bleeding from the mouth, and his front teeth were gone--dashed out
by one stroke which had met him as he tried to climb and catch hold of
the deep iron keel in the fore part of the coble. The other man said
suddenly, "I have got a broken arm, Tommy." A few minutes went by,
during which the men dared not speak--only Tommy was perfectly safe. The
others were slipping and writhing in their efforts to hang on to the
smooth planks. The man with the broken arm had the nails of his sound
hand torn, and the blood streamed down as he clutched again and again at
the slippery seams. At last he said, "I cannot do it any longer. Tell
Mary the money is under the bed at the right-hand side next the wall,
and ask my grandfather to take little Adam for me and keep him." A
thought came into Hob's Tommy's mind. He cried out, "Don't let yourself
go down. Edge yourself round here to the stern, and you shall have this
rope." The maimed man came slowly round, and took the rope as Tommy let
go. For a single minute the bruised giant rested his hands on the
lunging stern of the little vessel. He did not look up, and his face had
no devotional aspect, but the two men who were saved remembered his
words to the end of their lives. He said, "O Lord Jesus, I am even with
you now. I am going to die." The stern of the boat flew up into the air
as a short sea hit her, and Hob's Tommy lost his grip. He lay back
quietly on the water, and the men said that he even smiled. Presently
the foam covered him over.


To the southward of the Chibburn Stream a flat space, covered with
rushes and grey grass, stretches away towards the Border. On the seaward
side it is walled in by low hills, whilst on the landward side a sudden
rise of the ground forms another boundary which makes the waste resemble
the bed of an ancient river. It was a favourite place with me in the
summer time, because the brackens grow here and there, and to one who
wants perfect seclusion nothing can be more delightful than to creep
under the green shade and listen, hour after hour, to the wind flying
over. I had wanted to spend the whole morning in this lazy way, so I put
my Keats in my pocket and walked along the sand until the time came for
me to climb the seaward barrier. I often noticed a deserted cottage
which stood at the northerly end of the great waste, and which was
sometimes used in winter by the rabbit-catchers who had to remain by
their traps all night. Twice or thrice I had peeped through the open
door and seen the blackened hearthstone, but I had never gone inside.
The remains of a turf wall surrounded the cottage, but the low garden
that this wall enclosed was overrun with ragwort and nettles and
hemlock. My terrier was fond of investigating the garden, because among
the thick undergrowth he invariably found either rabbits or water-rats,
or a stoat. On this bright morning I was much surprised to find the
whole of the enclosure cleared. Outside of the boundary was a great heap
of ashes, from which clouds of dust drifted hither and thither. A light
smoke arose from the chimney, and as my dog and I approached, a heavy
bark came from a mastiff that was chained inside the low wicket. A
sudden sense of companionship almost frightened me. It seemed as though
the brownie had come from his clump of rushes to set things in order. A
chair stood in the centre of a patch of grass that crowned a little
hillock near the cottage, and while I waited and wondered a bowed figure
stole forth and walked slowly towards the chair. The man did not appear
to notice me, but sat down and picked up a book which had lain on the
grass. He then took off his hat, drew a deep breath, and I caught sight
of his face. His grizzled hair hung over a careworn forehead. The eyes
were sunken under deep and wrinkled brows, and the lips were drawn. I
felt like an interloper, and determined to rid myself of all unpleasant
feeling by stepping forward and speaking at once to the stranger. I
could not think of anything better to say than "Good morning, sir. We
have another fine day, have we not?" The man looked up, and his tired
eyes brightened with a kind smile. I took to him from that first glance.
We had a little commonplace chat, and then I said, "I see you are a

My new friend answered, "Oh, yes, I find books serve well to prevent
anyone from thinking."

"But do you never think, then?"

"Never, when I can help it; I take reading as an opiate. I press other
men's thoughts down upon my own till mine cannot rise."

The queer smile with which the speaker delivered his paradox made me
curious, and I determined to draw him further into conversation.

I continued, "May I ask what book you are using just now to batten down
your own thoughts?"

He showed me the "Purgatory," and I saw that he was reading the Italian.
Here was a discovery! In the village I had been regarded as a remarkable
being because I could read the Bible at six years old. The only persons
who were reputed to possess learning of any sort were the Squire, the
Rector, two local preachers, and myself. And now, suddenly, there had
descended among us a scholar who positively read Dante for pleasure!

I continued the talk. "You will not think me rude if I ask why you
should choose that book."

"I am afraid I must be more confidential than is seemly if I answer your
question. Promise not to think me a babbler, and I will tell you. Dante
is the poet for failures. I happen to be a failure, and as my life is
broken I go to him for consolation."

This was a new vision of life to me, for generally our village talk was
of crops, and the Squire's latest eccentricities.

When we had gossiped for a while about poetry and books in general, and
when I had found that my acquaintance was far my superior in every
possible respect, I prepared to move. He stopped me by saying "May I
ask you, in turn, what book you are carrying?"

"I read Keats. He is my Sunday luxury. I do not read him on the
week-days for fear I should get him by heart, and every Sunday I start
as though I were dipping into a new book."

"Ah! then you still care for beauty. I used to feel positive physical
luxury years agone while I read Keats, but now it seems as if the
thought of beauty came between me and the grave. I am, like all the
failures, a student of deformity. Strong men love beauty, futile men
care only for ugliness. I am one of the futile sort, and so I care most
for terror and darkness. Come inside, and perhaps I shall not talk quite
so madly then."

The mastiff civilly let us pass, and I went into the low room of the
cottage. One side was entirely taken up with books, and amongst the
books were five editions of Dante. The fire blazed on the clean hearth,
and everything looked neat and well-kept. A narrow trestle bed stood in
the corner, and a table and chair completed the furniture of the room.

I said, "You will find it horrible here when the winter comes on. The
wind comes down from Chibburn Hollow, and when I was a boy I used to
like to sit on the leeward side of the hills only to hear it scream."

"The wind will serve me for company."

I began to doubt my companion's sanity a little, and I said, "I am
afraid talking has disturbed you. I must say good-bye."

I did not read that day, and the strange face with its bitter mouth and
keen eyes was in my memory for a week after. I set myself to inquire how
this man, who could talk with such evident intelligence, came to have
chosen the moor for an abiding-place, and it happened that by chance I
learned his whole history.

I was walking across the moor with my friend the district local
preacher, when a sudden whim prompted me to ask him to meet the strange
creature whom I had seen. We went to the cottage, and were received by
the deep baying of the dog. The stooping figure came out into the
sunlight, and my friend the preacher said, "Bless my soul! Henry
Desborough! What in the name of mercy has brought you here?"

Not a sign of emotion crossed the face of the Failure.

He said, "You ought to know, Musgrave. I was always a creature of

"That is exactly what I do not know," said Musgrave.

"You are thinking of the times before I was twenty-five. Several
centuries have passed over me since then."

Musgrave seemed unable to carry on the talk. He only said, "I take it
very unkindly that you did not let me know you were here. I will come
back and see you alone the next time. You have given me a sad heart for
this day."

I knew now that there was a history in the case, and I learned it all
from the man most concerned.

A long time ago a concert had been given in a small town somewhere down
the coast. An imposing musician had been brought from London especially
to train the choir, and the rustic mind was awed by preparations. On
the night of the concert Desborough, who was the son of a man of
independent means, strolled in and took a seat on one of the front
benches. Chairs had been pressed into the service from all over the
town, and the platform, with its decorations, was a fine imaginative
effort. The Squire was there, and Sir John, the county member, brought
his wife and her diamonds. After the imposing musician had conducted one
or two glees, there was a little rustle of preparation, and a girl
stepped forth to sing. To the tradesmen of the town she was simply Polly
Blanchflower, but to the thinking of one young man, who sat within a few
yards of her, she ought to have been throned among stars. He had mixed
little in company, and from the first time that the girl's eyes fell
upon him he was a changed man.

She sang the "Flowers of the Forest." Where she had learnt her art I do
not know, and the imposing musician from London could not guess. As she
sang, Desborough fancied he could hear the cry of bereaved women. When
the last verse came, the singer seemed to harden her voice to a martial
tone, and the young man felt as though he must rise to his feet. As the
last sound died, the great musician himself stepped forward and escorted
the girl to the improvised seat at the rear of the platform. The
audience had heard nothing of the kind before.

They did not think Mrs. Blanchflower's girl could work musical miracles.
They clamoured until the singer came forward and sang them, "What's a
the steer, Kimmer?" and she finished the song with triumphant archness.
In the interval between the first and the second part of the concert,
Sir John imperatively demanded that the young lady should be brought to
him, and he grumbled out words of approval which he considered very

Desborough went home and sat thinking hour after hour. His table was
covered with papers. He looked at one sheet of manuscript and said,
"What a fool I must have been to think that I could write! I have never
begun to live until now. I will burn this last chapter and open a new

Tho other young men who had heard the songs were pleased, but they soon
forgot, and thought only of Miss Blanchflower as a pretty girl who had a
nice voice. Desborough was weak. His passion took complete command of
him, and he was ready for any of those things that mad lovers do, and
that staid people find so incredible. Within a month he had managed to
meet the girl. Within two months she had learned that he was her slave.
With the intuition that the most commonplace girls possess, she saw that
he was never the man to be master, and she amused herself with him. The
acquaintance ripened as the summer came on, and before the autumn the
young fellow was ready to fetch and carry for his idol, and had
surrendered his soul to her with tragic completeness.

There is something a little gross in this descent into slavery, but poor
Desborough did not see it, for he was not given to self-introspection.
He only knew that he was happy. A word exalted him, and he never felt a

Miss Blanchflower's mother was a commonplace woman, who looked with a
business eye upon the odd courtship that was passing in her household
day after day. One evening she said to her daughter, "Marion, had not
you better settle matters one way or the other?" The girl needed no
explanation of particulars. She very well knew what were the matters
referred to. She tossed her head and quietly replied, "Not with him,
mother. When I marry a man, I marry my master. I like that poor fellow
well enough. He looks nice and he talks prettily, but I always associate
him with a poodle."

"But don't you think a man had better use his knees to kneel to you than
use them to walk away from you?"

The girl said no more. Her mother had told her Desborough's income, and
she knew that to break off the connection would bring about an ugly
family quarrel.

On the very next night after this conversation Desborough called as
usual, and began the ordinary pleasant and trifling gossip with which
the simple people passed the evenings. Towards nine o'clock the mother

"I shall have to leave you for about half an hour," she said, and the
girl at once knew that that half hour was meant for decision. A few
awkward minutes passed, and then Desborough made up his mind to speak,
"I won't hint, and I won't spend time in words with you, Marion. You
know all that I could say, and I should only vulgarize love if I

The girl replied very quietly, "Well, we will take that as understood,"
and gave him her hand.

She liked him at that moment.

Everybody in the town had known what was coming, and the engagement was
taken as a matter of course.

When things had gone too far to allow of drawing back, Miss Blanchflower
set herself to act a part. She did not really care for the man to whom
she was engaged. In her heart she despised him a little, yet her
artistic instinct allowed her to play at being in love, and she carried
the comedy through with dexterity. The unequal companionship grew closer
and closer, and Desborough was drawn deeper and deeper into forgetting
himself, and forgetting all finer ambitions. He only sought to please
the creature to whom he was slave, and the recognition which the girl
now gave him made his happiness too deep for words.

But all the time Miss Blanchflower was weary. She cared for gaiety, and
Desborough's mind was of a sombre cast; her artistic temperament made
her sensuous, and Desborough's reserve was almost forbidding. He never
spoke out, and the girl, who was always longing for violence of
sentiment and sudden changes of emotion, found herself condemned to a
dull, level life. Desborough would talk to her about poetry, but their
tastes did not agree. He would even tease her with futile metaphysical
talk until she scarcely knew whether to laugh or to flout him.

Another winter wore on, and the time for the wedding drew near. It
happened that in the Spring a ball was given on the eve of a general
election. A quarter of a mile of carriages stood in front of the Town
Hall, and the county gentry mingled on terms of affability with the
tradespeople and farmers of the neighbourhood. Desborough and Miss
Blanchflower were there, and the girl was strangely attractive, in spite
of her somewhat faulty taste in dress. She gave Desborough one dance,
and spent the rest of the evening in distributing favours. A quiet
conversation passed in one corner of the room which would have
interested Miss Blanchflower very much could she have heard. Two men
were standing together. One was a young fellow of about twenty-five. He
was unspeakably slim, yet he carried himself with an air of lithe
strength. His face looked as though it were carven out of steel, so
smooth and clean cut were his features. His hair was of unfashionable
length, and his dress was negligent, and yet no one could have mistaken
him for anything but a man of high breeding. His eyes were brown, and
had that velvety texture of the iris which one sometimes sees among the
women of the New Forest, and sometimes among the girls of the district
round Bordeaux. His whole appearance was feminine, and the unstable
glance that he flashed from side to side spoke of vanity. He said to his
companion, "Who is the prim virgin with the fair hair?"

"She is the daughter of a widow in the town. Blanchflower, I think the
name is."

"Do you think you could contrive an introduction? There is a sort of
savage innocence about that dress which rather attracts me."

Within half an hour Miss Blanchflower was conversing easily with the
slim young gentleman who had criticized her so pleasantly.

The girl was pleased to find this young fellow, who was a sort of
literary celebrity in his way, talking to her on equal terms. When he
proposed a stroll in the improvised conservatory after the next dance,
she was glad, although she felt that Desborough must be ill pleased.

When the last of the carriages had rolled away, and when the Town Hall
was darkened, Marion Blanchflower was still sitting and thinking about
the slim young man. Desborough was forgotten, and the girl only had
thoughts of this new acquaintance who suggested to her mind nothing but
vivacity, and colour, and brilliant life. In four days from that time
Miss Blanchflower was strolling down a deep hollow which was known as
the Dene.

The whole place was ablaze with hyacinths. Far as one could see along
the deep cliff, where the murmuring stream had carved itself a bed, the
flowers spread like sheets of blue fire. In the more distant hollows the
delicate masses of colour lay like clouds of gorgeous mist. Shooting
straight up from the beds of hyacinths, tall elms met overhead, and the
rooks kept up a clamour that dulled the senses without causing anything
like irritation. The girl stepped down the path, and the light from the
green leaves floated around her and touched her face and figure with
delicate shadows and flickering brightness. She looked a joyous and
beautiful creature, and the slim young man who met her by accident
thought that he had never seen any picture so full of youth and delight.

The meeting was a pure coincidence.

The days passed on, and again and again Miss Blanchflower walked in the
Dene amid the flame of the hyacinths. Her mother trusted her greatly,
and Desborough was too simple to have any afterthought when he found
that his morning visits were discouraged. He was grateful for every
moment of her company, and he placidly looked forward to the time when
his quiet life should be crowned. Sometimes he chatted quite contentedly
with Mrs. Blanchflower until Marion returned. Several people in the town
could have told him things that would have surprised him, but he held so
much aloof from all company that nobody ventured on familiar talk with
him. The one man who had his confidence was the Wesleyan local preacher;
but Musgrave lived a long way from the town, and Desborough saw him

One morning Desborough went down by the end of the stream. The water was
low, and underneath the roots of a great tree there was a deep hollow
that had been scooped out by the torrents of winter. An odd fancy made
Desborough climb down and creep into this cavity under the network of
roots. From the place where he was seated he could not only see the
clear water running away seaward, but he could look right up the path
that ran among the tall elms.

He was gazing mechanically on the ripples, and had allowed his mind to
be hushed into complete vacuity by the delicate babble of the water over
the pebbles, when suddenly a flash of colour seemed to grow upon his
consciousness, and he saw a man and woman walking together down the very
path that led to the cave where he had been dreaming. He placed his hand
to his forehead and tried to think. It seemed as though his heart had
been touched with ice. He would have called out, but he was stupefied.
After a few long minutes he saw Miss Blanchflower make a sudden movement
and give both her hands to her companion. The two stood face to face,
and seemed to be speaking passionately. Desborough covered his eyes, and
would see no more.

How long he sat he never knew; but when he was able to realize his place
and to realize the fact of existence, he was alone. He moaned, and then
by one of those revolutions of feeling common to men of his temperament,
he broke into laughter.

As he climbed out from his retreat his sense of the tragic turn of
things left him, and he laughed still more.

"And I am an eaves-dropper, am I? Mr. Hamlet Desborough. And Ophelia's
not talking to her father this time. What a nice young Polonius we have
got--ambrosial curls Polonius has--And Ophelia! Oh! Ophelia's very
fair--chaste as an icicle, and pure as snow."

He walked towards a deep pool that lay further down towards the sea. The
pool was very sullen and cool under the dank shadow of the hanging
trees. Desborough looked a minute into the dark depths.

"Now, Hamlet, let us finish up. Let me see. What are the puzzles that I
have to solve? Death? That's soon done. Three minutes, they say, it
takes under water. And that other country where the travellers go and
never return? Well, I don't see particularly why I should return, and
oh! Ophelia, Ophelia."

He sat down and looked at the water until gradually his impulse wore
off, and his face grew stern. He muttered no more as he walked home; he
passed people in the street, but made no sign; he had revenge, fear,
rage, pity, and love in his heart, and his passions were too strong for
his will. Had he not been able to gain solitude there is no knowing what
he might have done, for no man does such terrible things, and no man is
so utterly reckless as a thoroughly weak individual who is suddenly cast
adrift from all his mental holdfasts.

Before night he had written a little note. These were the words that he

"My dearest, I have been thinking bad thoughts of you all day. Now I
have come to myself. I know where you were this morning, and I know that
my life is broken. I will not thrust my claim upon you, and I cannot ask
you for pity. You will not see me again. I give you up without one
reproach. I only reproach myself for wearying you, and for trying to
entrap you into a life that would have been misery to you. I was meant
for a failure; I was meant to pass through the world unknown and
unheeded, saving by those near to me. You require larger interests. I am
glad I have loved you, I am sorry I led you into treachery. Good-bye."

The town's folk missed Desborough for a long while after this, and then
it gradually oozed out that he had broken off his engagement. Anyone who
knows what the gossip of a provincial town is like, will understand the
wrath and indignation that followed this proceeding. Poor Desborough
fancied he had been sacrificing himself, and, if the truth must be
told, felt a little proud of his own nobility. Yet all the while many
tongues were tearing his reputation to shreds.

He had come to London, thinking the rush and hurry of crowded life would
brighten his thoughts, and he was walking dreamily down the turbulent
Strand one evening when he met a man from his own town. He stepped up to
his acquaintance and stopped. The man looked him in the face and passed
on. Desborough turned and walked alongside, saying with quick breathing,
"Why do you refuse me your hand? I have not seen a face I know for days,
weeks--I don't know how long."

The man replied, "Look here, Desborough, I don't like cutting any
fellow, but I wish you had not tried to speak to me."

"What do you mean?"

"It is very shabby of you to ask what I mean. I do not pretend to be a
saint at all, but there are things no fellow can stand. I wish you would
let me say good day."

"But I insist upon knowing."

"Knowing what? You know what you have done, and I should think that
ought to be enough to serve you. I shall tell you nothing more."

"Turn down into one of the quiet streets; and for pity's sake tell me
what you mean."

They walked into the Adelphi, and Desborough's friend said, "I thought
you had a bit of the man about you. Why do you thrust yourself on me?
You pretend to know nothing about the girl, and I call it shabby, there

Presently Desborough found himself standing alone.

The whole position flashed upon him. He could not go back. He saw that
his character was gone, and he saw that he was blamed for destroying a
character that he had held more precious than his own. He went to his
chambers and wrote to a relation for money. He intended to sell all that
he owned, and he simply asked for an advance so that he might get out of
the country quickly, and place the greatest possible distance between
himself and his home before he finally parted with all that belonged to
him. He waited for two days, and the reply came:--

"Referring to your letter of the 20th, I beg to state that I cannot do
what you wish. I am sorry that you have been in any way connected with
me, and I can only ask you now not to remind me of an intimacy and of a
relationship which I have cause to consider disgraceful. Your name is
mixed with the worst scandal that we have had in the town for years. The
girl would not speak a word against you, but her mother has said

The same relation furnished Desborough's address to Mrs. Blanchflower,
and a letter from the lady reached him: "I have no reproaches to make,
excepting that I am sorry you should think that we would pursue you."

Desborough wrote back: "I cannot do more than guess the accusation you
lay against me. I acted as I thought was best, and I give you my word
that I would die before hurting you or yours. I have a suspicion of the
real cause of your cruel letter, and the suspicion almost kills me. I
cannot come back to mix myself with the sordid scandal, and I can only
say that, whatever you may think of me, I deserve nothing but your
kindest thoughts."

His innocent precipitancy had involved the poor fellow in a web which he
had not nerve or insight enough to break. He saw that the woman he loved
had allowed an accusation to be laid against him, and he saw that she
wanted to shield her real lover, yet he would not baulk her by clearing

How he spent the next year of his life it would be useless to tell. At
first he drank, but the blank misery that follows the wretched
exaltation of drunkenness was too much for him, and he tried no more to
seek relief that way. It was then said that he tramped the country for
many months, and that he worked as a common blacksmith with a man who
travelled the roads in Cheshire. Then one of his letters bore the
post-mark of a small Norman town, and so from time to time rumours of
him reached the place where his name was mentioned with anger by women
and contempt by men.

Marion Blanchflower died, and the news of her death reached Desborough
by the merest chance while he was prosecuting one of his aimless
journeys among the hamlets of the Black Forest. But it was then too late
for him to go back. For ten years all news of him ceased. He never told
anyone what he had done during these years of his life. One after
another the people who had known him in the old town died off, and when,
at last, an impulse that he could not restrain forced him to see the
place where his happiness had blossomed and died, no one knew that the
bent figure with grizzled hair was that of Desborough.

The same indecision prompted him at last to hire the old cottage that
stood on our moor, and thus it was that I came to see him.

A year afterwards I heard Desborough speak some very simple and touching
words to a rough audience of fishermen. The gnarled faces looked placid
as the clever, broken man talked on, and Desborough's own face seemed to
have grown spiritual. His eye had an expression of quiet sadness, but I
liked him better as a preacher than as a philosopher.

He seemed to be happier too, and before death came on him, like a summer
night falling over the stress of daytime, he had become very reverend,
and very lovable.



Young Mr. Ellington strolled down the narrow walk that led through the
woods from the Hall to the sea. The morning had lain heavy on his hands,
for he was without companionship, and he was not one of the happy folk
who can make resources or who find a sufficient delight in mere living.
A few sharp commonplaces delivered with dry imperiousness by the old
Squire; a little well-meaning babble from a couple of timid maiden
aunts--such was the range of his converse with his kind from day to day.
And this quiet dreariness had lasted for months past, and seemed likely
to last as far into the future that young Ellington faced his prospect
with a sort of pained confusion of mind, and began by slow degrees to
understand the bovine apathy of the ploughmen. Old Mr. Ellington was a
magnate who would have been commended by Mr. John Ruskin. The fashions
of other country people did not influence him to imitation, and he
steadfastly performed that feat of "living on the land" which is
supposed to bring such blessedness to all whom the land supports. For
fifty years he had never been twenty miles beyond the bounds of his
southernmost farm, and for fifty years the ugly Hall had never opened
its doors to an invited guest. People talked a good deal, and made
theories more or less malignant, but the hard old man minded them no
whit. He went on his own road with perfect propriety, outraging every
convention in the most virtuous manner, and opposing a dry reticence to
the curiosity and wonderment of the few neighbours who continued to have
any vivid remembrance of his existence. In fine weather his stout and
opinionated cob bore him gravely along the lanes. The cottagers'
children ceased their play and looked respectfully sheepish as he rode
by; the farm girls dropped their elaborate curtseys, and the labourers
at the roadside made efforts to appear at their ease. These and the
farmers were the only people who saw his daily progress, and they all
held him a good deal in fear. Nothing escaped his steady eye. If
anything displeased him he did not use words, for he had not talents of
the vocal description, but he took very sudden means of making his
displeasure felt. Within his domain he was absolute master. He disliked
the intrusion of even passing strangers, and the harmless bagmen who
sometimes travelled along the coast road found no hostelry on the
estate. It was said that he once met an alien person walking in the
woods, and that this erratic foreigner was smoking a pipe. The most
learned purveyors of myths were never able to detail exactly what
happened, but the incident was always mentioned with awe. The
inhabitants of the district never managed to get up any personal feeling
about the Squire;--they regarded him as an operation of Nature. So he
lived his life in his colourless fashion, rousing no hate, gaining no
love, and fulfilling his duties as though his own epitaph were an
abiding vision to him. He cared for no enjoyments, and did not
particularly like to see other people enjoying themselves. He seemed to
fancy that laughter should be taken like the Sacrament, and, for his own
part, he preferred not being a communicant. When his only son was killed
in a pitiful frontier skirmish, the old man rode out as usual on the day
following the receipt of the ill news. The gamekeeper said that he drew
up his cob alongside the fence of a paddock wherein was kept an aged
pony that the heir had ridden long ago. He watched the stumbling
pensioner cropping the bright grass for a few minutes, breathed heavily,
turned the cob into the road again, and went on with sharp eyes glancing
emotionless. His daughter-in-law died soon after, and he assumed sole
charge of the young Ellington whom we have seen making a forlorn
pilgrimage under the trees. The young man had received a queer sort of
nondescript education. All the Ellingtons for a generation or two back
had gone in due course to Eton and Oxford, but no such conventional
training was vouchsafed to the latest of the family. The hand of the
private tutor had been heavy upon him, and he was brought up absolutely
without a notion of what his own future might be. He had mooned about
among books to some trifling extent, but the taste for study had never
taken him. The silly mode of culture which he had undergone availed
nothing against the instincts of his race. His grandfather was a sort of
living aberration--a queer variety such as Nature will sometimes
interpolate amid the most steady of strains; but young Ellington's
moods, and tendencies, and capabilities reverted to the old line. Yet,
despite his restless energy, despite his incapacity for that active
thought which makes solitude bearable, he was crushed into the mould
that the Squire had prepared for him. His distractions were few, and in
his vigorous mind, with its longing for instant action, its continual
revolt against self-contained speculation, there arose a dull fear of
the future, a longing for deliverance. It was not a merry existence for
a young man who heard the brave currents of life sounding around and
calling him vaguely to come and adventure himself with the rest. He knew
that the sons of the men who laughed at his grandfather laughed also at
him, and regarded him with a somewhat impertinent wonder, but he dared
explain himself to none, and dared seek companionship with none. This is
why he looked so listless as he lounged toward the sea that fine
afternoon. There was enough all round him to please anyone with an eye
for the quiet beauty of inanimate things. The lights slid and quivered
on the golden windings of the walk. Here and there the beams that came
through were toned into a kind of floating greenness that looked glad
and tender. The light wind overhead set the leaves talking, and their
silky rustle sounded sharp through the low murmur of the near sea. Now
and then came other sounds. A cushat would moan from her high fir-top,
or a pheasant deep in the shadows would call with his resonant guttural.
But young Mr. Ellington did not heed the sounds and sights that asked
his attention; he hardly heeded his own being, and his footsteps grated
on till the veil of the trees seemed drawn back, and he saw the shining
sea glimmering under a light haze. Far out toward the centre of the blue
circle, a fishing-boat lunged heavily as the deliberate rollers came
shoreward, and upon this boat he fixed his eye with that meaningless
intentness born of weariness.

He had begun to time his vague thought by the regular swing of the black
boat, when his attention was called by a clinking sound. Someone was
trying to open a wicket which opened from a by-road to the left of him.
He caught a glimpse of bright colour through the bars, and stepped
smartly forward. The wicket was easy to open from his side, and he soon
released the wayfarer from trouble. She took one slight pace back,
curtsied, and said, "Thank you, sir." It was not a very remarkable
speech, but coming upon Ellington's ear in his blank mood, it sounded
friendly and pleasant to a strange degree. He wanted to hear the voice
again. He rested for a brief space--not long enough to make the interval
seem awkward--and glanced swiftly at the girl whom he had aided. His
faculties did not rise readily into keenness after his recent hour of
lethargy, but he saw in an indefinite way that she was tall, and the
elastic pose of her figure as she prepared to pass by him gave him
somehow an impression of power. After an instant of hesitation he met
the clear look of a pair of brown eyes, and he felt that he must say
something. He fancied his slight pause had made him appear a trifle
clumsy, and he sought to effect a graceful parting. But, alas! for the
grace of solitary young men! The one right phrase, the one right
gesture would not come, and so, although his manner was sufficiently
easy at ordinary times, he could only say, "I'm very glad I happened to
be by." The girl was not sophisticated enough to regard him with
anything like humour. She smilingly accepted his remark as cogent, and
replied, "Yes. Old Trumbull has funny notions about fitting on latches,
hasn't he?" Here was a distinct opportunity for further pleasing
conversation, and the unfortunate Mr. Ellington was feeble. "Oh, you
know Trumbull?" he said, with alacrity. "He and I are great friends, but
I don't interfere with his professional matters. I'm afraid he would
discharge me if I did."

This was an unmistakably humorous allusion, and the girl once more
flashed her white teeth in a pretty smile. Such a reception of his not
very striking remarks put the young man at his ease, and he became
composed enough to observe delicately the face of his new acquaintance.
He had but little time, for of course he could not stand for long
babbling stupidities with a country girl. The face was strong and dark,
with composed, full lips, and a dusky glow in the cheeks. The eyes which
had at first put him to such confusion looked liquid and strangely
attractive when the light of laughter was in them. Mr. Ellington had
fallen in with a beautiful girl. He did not formulate any opinion on the
subject all at once, but he prolonged the conversation into the second
five minutes. Then he said casually, "I've not seen you passing this way
before," and the dark young lady made answer, with complete simplicity,
"No, but I always come through here on Thursday afternoons as I go to my
aunt's over at the Dean."

Mr. Ellington said "good-bye" at last, and the tall, strong figure of
the girl disappeared round a bluff of the shrubbery, her feet lighting
on the gravel with crisp, decided firmness.

It was not an exciting incident, but in truth the things that alter
lives, and give us our strongest emotions, do really happen in fashions
the reverse of picturesque. A couple of young folk had exchanged a score
or so of vapid words, yet before many weeks had gone several people had
reason for wishing the trivial interview had never been.

The girl thought but once more about the matter. On her way back the
clink of the closing wicket brought young Ellington to her mind again,
and she said to herself, "What a nice free lad the young squire is! They
were saying he was a kind of close fellow with a bad temper. He doesn't
look like that. I wonder what makes him flatten his hair down so funny?
He asked me about next Thursday." And there Miss Mary Casely ceased her
maiden meditations, and walked on with her sharp step, and with a mind
vacant of all coherent thought, as only the truly rustic mind can be.
Presently she passed a row of one-storied cottages which ran along the
edge of the low cliff, and she tapped at the door of a somewhat larger
house which stood in a dignified manner a little apart from the
fishermen's cottages. She heard a strong voice say, "Oh! It's her, back
again." Then a heavy step crunched the sand of the flooring, and made
the windows rattle in their frames. The door opened, and the same deep
voice said, "Ye've getten here then, hinny. What kind of a night is it?"

The man stooped low to escape the lintel, and then straightened himself
up in the road.

If you had searched from Yarmouth to Berwick the whole coast along you
could not have found a more superb creature. He stood six feet four, but
his limbs were so massive, and the outward arch of his broad chest was
so full, that you might easily have guessed his inches wrongly. As he
turned westward toward the last light that still glowed in dim bars from
behind the hills, his face showed with a noble outline. He looked round
for a space, said, "Ay, the lads'll be having a bonny night," then
strode heavily to his "settle" once more, and prepared to chat with his
daughter. When the lamp was lit, the grandeur of his face became finely
apparent. His hair was coarse, and black, and lustreless; it hung
heavily over a heavy brow. His jaw was square and powerful, but its
firmness was saved from seeming absolutely cruel by the kindly lines of
the mouth. Not a feature of the man was unmarked by signs of keenness
and strength. You would not have chosen him for an enemy unless you
happened to be a thought inexperienced. This was Mr. Thomas Casely. For
fifty-four years he had dwelt in that house on the cliff-edge; his
father still lived in one of the small cottages near by, and his
grandfather and great-grandfather had spent their lives in the same
village before him. Probably the progenitors of the Caselys and the
Ellingtons came over together on a thieving expedition, and, finding the
natives of the region amenable to emphatic arguments, settled quietly
and used their long vessels henceforth for comparatively honest

A deal of very curious talk is spent over the ancient Scandinavians who
used to harry the peaceful farmers long ago. We learn that these
rapacious gentlemen were above all things "deep-thoughted," and that
they had rather fine notions about poetry and the future life. They
were, in short, a species of bloodthirsty Æsthetics. Instead of devoting
themselves to intense amours and sonnets, they were the Don Juans of
Death, but in no other point did they differ materially from the
cultured creature who lives up to his blue china.

This notion seems wrong. From all observations, I should incline to say
that the earliest Ellington who settled in England was a big ruffian who
disliked work, and who had a sharp eye to business; whilst the earliest
Caselys were probably thievish fellows, who loved moonless nights, and
objected to the use of cold water. Under the influence of softening
generations, the Caselys and Ellingtons had dropped their predatory
tendencies, and lived peaceful lives. Furthermore, it is certain that
the heartiest amity had prevailed between the houses for more years than
I care to reckon. Travel and town life had given polish to some of the
aristocrats, and taught them to use reasonable haughtiness toward
inferior creatures; but even a haughty greeting is better than a
remonstrance delivered with a mace. At any rate, all the Caselys were
brought up to offer reverence to the Squire, and the tradition of mutual
esteem and distant respect had never been broken. A correct notion of
the rights of labour had not been expounded anywhere near the estate,
and the roughest fellow on Mr. Ellington's land probably felt loyalty
towards the Family. This state of things cannot withstand the advance of
culture for very long, but meantime it offers even unto this day an
interesting specimen of ancient usage.

When his daughter had got out her knitting, Thomas Casely drew down his
shaggy brows, and looked at her with a queer twinkle of kindness.

"You'll have had a grand talk with them over at the Dean?"

"No, father. The old Squire rode round, and he wanted to see so many
things about the stackyard, aunt couldn't get away. Bob was in for a

"What for didn't Bob see you home?"

"Oh, I cannot be fashed with him. When he's dressed to come out, he
looks just like as if he'd got mixed suits of other folks' clothes on."

"You'll not have to be proud, my woman. He's just as good, and better,
than the most of the lads round here. I never knew no good come of

"I never knew what pride meant; but if I walk with a lad I like him to
be bonny, and I want to see him not look like a countryman altogether.
Bob isn't bonny."

"Ay, well, hinny, if you want fine clothes, I doubt you'll get nobody
but the young squire." This Mr. Casely said with a slow smile, and Mary
thought suddenly, "Next Thursday afternoon."

The reader will see that these rustics had not attained that quaint
sententious wisdom proper to the rustics of fiction. In their
ungrammatical way they talked much like human beings.


When Mr. Ellington turned once more to the sea, after Mary Casely had
passed out of sight, the look of things had somehow altered in his eyes.
He went to the edge of the rocks, and looked down on the short ripples
that broke into whiteness below him. He was taken with the beauty of the
clear green water that moved over the shallows, and he found himself
watching the swift changes of shade caused by the passage of the light
breeze with something like active interest. The ragworts and the wild
geraniums made a yellow and purple fretwork all around him, and the
colour gave him a sense of keen gladness. He faced round and entered the
quivering gloom of the woods again, but his step on the gravel was sharp
and firm. Every faculty of him seemed to have waked. A blackbird bugled
cheerily in the underwood, and Ellington felt a strange thrill. He
reached the Hall, and sat down to wait for the dressing-bell, but the
hour before dinner, usually so heavy to him, went by briskly. During
dinner he made no attempt at sustained conversation, yet he answered his
grandfather's few short questions with a ready cheerfulness and fluency
which made the old man regard him with narrowed eyes.

When the night came fairly on, he sat looking out of his window into the
scented darkness. Had you asked him what he was thinking of, he could
not have told you, yet I suppose something unusual must have been
passing through his mind, for, when he had finally risen with a sigh of
content to close the window, he stepped up to the looking-glass and
regarded himself with curiosity. Once he smiled, as if by way of
practice, and then a sudden sense of shame seemed to come over him, for
he reddened and turned away. Most people will be able to guess what
ailed him, but he himself did not know at the time.

The week went away but slowly. On the Wednesday evening the old Squire
said: "You'll go over to Branspath to-morrow morning early. Richards
will drive you in, and you must call on Chernside and tell him I wish to
see him in the afternoon about Gibson's lease. He'll know what you
mean." The young man shifted uneasily. "Couldn't you send a note by
Richards?" He felt his face hot as he asked the question.

"Well, yes, I could, if I chose, but I want Richards to order a few
things in the High Street. He'll pick you up when you've done with
Chernside." At two o'clock next day young Mr. Ellington was back again
at the Hall. As he stepped down from the dog-cart, Richards pointed to
the horse. "I doubt we've done him some harm, Sir. Forty-five minutes
from the High Moor--the black mare couldn't do it no quicker. Matchem
here hasn't been driven for three weeks now." The horse was drooping his
head, the lather slid down his flanks,--so I fancy there had been hard

The young Squire gave an indifferent look and hurried indoors. Within an
hour he was walking rather quickly toward the sea, without one sign of
the dreaminess that overweighed him when last he took the same road.
Presently (he knew it would come) a firm step came over the gravel, and
his heart went fast. Before he had got rid of his momentary dimness of
sight, he found himself obliged to stammer out something: "You managed
the wicket by yourself this time." The girl laughed brightly. Ellington
felt bound to go on speaking--

"You are going over to the Dene?"

"Yes; I think I'll take the short cut through the Ride."

"I think, if you don't mind, we may as well go by the Three
Plantations." He said "we" with the utmost ease, and, noticing no sign
of dissent, he walked on by the side of the girl, and a new chapter of
his life began.

Neither of them could tell exactly how they came to be walking together,
yet each of them would have been disappointed had it not fallen out so.
Neither of them had made a definite resolve to meet the other, but the
girl had made most calculations on the event. Within a month from that
day the pair were strolling under the gloom of the firs in the Three
Plantations. This time young Mr. Ellington had his arm round his
companion's waist; her tall figure was leaned towards him.

They were talking low, and the rustling sound of their whispers echoed a
little beneath the sombre arch of the trees.

They came to the little bridge which crossed the head of the Dean, and
then he took both her hands and said, "Now, good-bye; to-morrow at the
high end of the New Plantation." They had got to daily meetings within
that short month.

"I'll be there. You won't mind if I'm a bit behind time? Sometimes they
want me, and I don't care for my father to ask where I'm going."

"I've promised to wait for you, darling, half a lifetime, if need be.
Why should I grudge an hour?"

This question was not articulately answered, but the reply was
satisfactory. Then the couple parted.

So it happened that in a few brief weeks this quiet young man had
drifted into a disgraceful intrigue. He did not think it disgraceful,
because he had not reflected at all. The future was barred to him, and
he lived from one day to another content with the joy that the day
brought. He had made promises with rash profusion, and his promises had
been believed. Further and further he had been drawn, till the fire of
his blood made him fancy that he was proceeding voluntarily.

To Mary Casely the whole affair seemed quite natural. She knew nothing
about the pitiful stories of village maidens which make so much of the
stock of fiction. She had never read a story, so she fancied that her
secret meetings were part of the fixed order of life. She happened to
have a sweetheart who dressed well and spoke beautifully, and that was
all the difference between her and other girls. Besides this, she was a
singularly determined young woman. She had made up her mind to marry the
young Squire; he in his folly had given no single hint of the vast, the
insuperable difficulties that lay in the way; and so the bitter business
went on.

The summer passed into autumn, and late November came. Such an affair as
that of Mary Casely and the young Squire could not be long kept out of
the reach of acrid village gossip. Once or twice, as young Ellington
walked out of church from the pew by the chancel, he fancied he saw the
gardeners and farm-people looking at him with intelligence, and he felt
something catching at his throat.

When December came in, his misery had grown to acuteness. His old
passive wretchedness had given way to a settled nervous dread which wore
the brightness from his comely face.

One grey afternoon he took the old road to the sea again. The wind was
crying drearily, and the trees creaked as they swayed to each swift
gust. He shivered when he came in sight of the sea, for the low sky was
leaden. The very foam looked dull. Every few seconds came a muffled
boom, as a roller shattered itself against the rocks, and a tower of
spray shot up and fell on the sodden grass.

The wild flowers were gone, and the bents bowed themselves cheerlessly.

How many things else were gone! How many things else were cheerless!

He turned round when he could bear waiting no longer, and prepared to
carry his miseries home. Something ill must have happened. At the bluff
of the shrubbery where he had first seen Mary pass out of sight he heard
a step, but it was not that sharp, steady step he had learnt to know so
well. He was face to face with Mr. Casely. It had come at last. For
weeks he had foreshadowed this meeting in his dreams, and the fear had
so worked on him that he had learned a trick of glancing suddenly over
his shoulder. Casely looked steadily down at the young Squire for a time
that seemed long, and then, unclenching his tense jaw, said quietly--

"It wasn't me you were expecting to meet."

"I didn't expect to meet you. No; how do you come to be passing this

"I've been up to the Hall seeing your grandfather. You know what I've
been for very near as well as I do. And now I have to talk to you. Speak
straight, or I'll break you in two across my knee."

Ellington was not more of a coward than other men. But he didn't heed
the threat. His grandfather know. Nothing else was in his stunned mind.
He stood staring--unable to get a word past his lips. Casely spoke,

"What ails you? Have I to hit you?"

Then the young fellow found his voice.

"I wish you would. I wish you would kill me where I stand. I'm all in
the wrong, and I have no right to answer you. It began well--I mean, I
meant no harm. Never any man dared offer one of us a blow before, but it
has come to that now. I wouldn't lift a hand to stop you. I haven't an
excuse to give you."

"A nice thing it is for your father's son to be standing slavering there
and cowering to me like a whelp. I don't despise you for it, for I know
what you mean; but isn't it bonny? You haven't an excuse! Have you
nothing else--not a promise like them you've made to the lass?"

"I'd marry her now, but I know it would be a hundred thousand times
worse for her than if she married a common sailor man. I'm past
wretchedness. It couldn't be."

"And what about her? And, what about me? How is it for us? Now, look
you, my fine young man! I'll not stop a minute longer, or else there'll
be murder. But I'll tell you this much. I know as well as you there can
be nothing more. I'm not mad. She can't marry you, and you knew that
before you started lying to her. It's all over, and we must face the
folk in the place the best way we can. You're sorry, I see you are; but
understand this--sorry or not, if it wasn't that me and my forebears has
had nothing but good from them that went before you, and was better than
you, I'd kill you now, and reckon you no more than a herring. You'd
better get away out of my sight."

Then Mr. Casely tramped towards the wicket, and went home. He sat long
into the night, and when he went to bed he flung himself on the coverlid
with his clothes on. Towards morning he said aloud--"I'm glad he didn't
think to offer me money. If he had, I would have pulled his windpipe

The young gentleman thus alluded to by Mr. Casely had gone home in a
state of stupefaction. He did not attempt to frame a thought. His limbs
took him along mechanically. He passed one of his aunts as he went to
his room, but he did not make any sign. When he had settled down, a tap
came at his door.

"Mr. Ellington'll have dinner laid for him in his study. He wants to see
you, Sir, in the study as soon after dinner as possible."

Young Ellington heard this without any fresh shock. The worst had
passed, and nothing henceforth could hurt him.

He could eat nothing. He found himself adding up the number of glasses;
dividing it into couples; counting the squares on the wall-pattern;
going through all the forlorn trivialities that employ the mind when
suffering has passed out of the conscious stage. When his time came for
meeting the terrible old man, he stepped straight into the study without
knocking, and stood stupidly waiting for the voice that he knew would
come. A thought of dignity never occurred to him. Had he been a mere
libertine he would have brazened it out, and would have tried at
flippancy. But he was not a libertine; he was simply an inexperienced
young man who was suffering remorse at its deadliest.

"You had better sit down."

He sought a chair, took his seat, and once more waited.

"Need we exchange any words about this business? You can have nothing to
say, so perhaps you had better leave the talking to me. You have behaved
like a scoundrel. You have crippled my hands. Only a year ago I turned
Thomson's girl off the estate, and gave her father notice to quit the
cottage after her. I got some newspaper chatter aimed at me then, and
now, by God, you've done worse than the fellow who ruined poor Thomson.
Look up there, and you'll see your father's portrait. He was a merry lad
in his day, but he wouldn't have intrigued with a washerwoman. That's
about what you have done. However, we'll have no more scolding. Of
course, you understand that the affair is to be done with?"

"It depends upon you, Sir. If you will, I dare marry her."

"I thought you were a little mad. Go! I wish I could say go for
altogether. I have some time to live though, and you shall know
something meanwhile. Go!"

The unfortunate had not a word to say even against his grandfather's
brutal insolence. He went, and passed the night in much the same way as
did Casely, save that where Casely's pride was still stubborn,
Ellington's pride was broken.


When the spring came there were gay doings at the Hall. Old Mr.
Ellington had taken a sudden turn, and the housekeeper was near bidding
good-bye to her reason. There were extra men engaged in the stables, and
the black mare, Matchem, and the Squire's cob had very grand company
indeed. Things went so far that one morning the Branspath hounds met on
the Common by the Hall. For fifty-five years such a thing had not been
seen. The great dappled dogs stood in a clump by the high north wall of
the fruit garden, and the villagers stared round in wonder. The gorse to
the southward of the House was drawn, and a fox was found. There was a
wild crash and clamour for a few minutes in the plantation where Mary
Casely used to meet her lover, and then I am sorry to say that the
Huntsman began to use very bad language. Nothing had been attended to;
the hounds might as well have been entered at rabbits. The fox never
even had occasion to break covert, and the gay assemblage rode away
towards Branspath before two o'clock in the afternoon. The science of
earth-stopping had not been pushed to its final term on the Ellington
estate, but still there was hope now that the hounds had once been
permitted to cross the border which divided Squire Ellington's property
from that of the next sporting landowner.

After the abortive intrusion of the hounds there were still other
attempts at gaiety. The village began somehow to look brisk; the ancient
stagnation passed away, and grey cottagers spoke fondly of the old

Throughout all this liveliness Mr. Casely kept to the mode of living he
had adopted ever since the night when he made allusions to Mr.
Ellington's windpipe. He went about his work as usual, but he spoke to
no one. He dropped going to church, and he never, as in past times,
drove his cart into Branspath. Mary had been sent to a relation's in the
South. Her father would not mention her name, and his family and
neighbours were particularly careful to say nothing about the girl who
had gone. Sometimes Casely would think about his pet, but he spared
words. Once a neighbour stepped in unawares, and found the strong man
stretched with his face on the settle, and sobbing hard; but he sat up
when he found he was not alone, spoke an oath or two, and was ready for
everyday chat.

In the autumn Casely happened to be out on the green, watching the women
spreading the nets to dry. It was a lovely day, and the larks were
singing wildly one against the other far up toward the sky. Suddenly
the chattering women grew quiet. A slender young lady, daintily dressed,
walked gracefully along the road that bordered the green. There was
silence while she passed, save for the larks' sweet jargoning. As soon
as the neat tall figure was sufficiently far off, one of the women

"Who's that?"

Another made answer within Casely's hearing--

"Oh, it's the young Squire's lass. She's a daughter of some big man away
down South. They're to be married come the spring o' the year."

Casely watched the graceful young lady over the crest of the next rise,
then turned homeward and sat down silent as usual. Now it happened that
the lady when she passed the gossiping fishers was going to meet young
Ellington. That gentleman had lately persuaded his grandfather to buy a
light boat for the better navigation of a heavy dull stream that ran
deep and silent round the southerly border of the home farm, and the
individual undutifully referred to as "the young Squire's lass" was
about to trust herself in the new craft with her lover. Ellington had
everything ready when the girl reached the stream. When she had stepped
aboard, he said--

"You called at Marchman's for Aunt Esther and Miss Marshall?"

"Yes! But they teased. They said they were having such an interesting
gossip with poor old Hannah, they would prefer following me. They
thought we might employ our time till they came up."

"It's just as well. I'm sure, if you don't mind, I don't. Which way
shall we go?"

"I cannot tell. The stream is so slack I could hardly guess where the
sea lay if I didn't know."

"Well, now, I'll tell you what I propose doing. We can slip over the bar
as the wind is just now. There's always a little rough water just where
the burn joins the sea, but when we get over that the sea outside is
quite smooth. Then we can sail, and save the bore of pulling."

So the confident young man pointed the boat's stem down stream, and
after a little jerky work on the bar stood clear out into blue water.

He was used to sailing, so that he really took his boat rather cleverly
round to the north-east. Then he made fast the sheet, since he wanted
one hand free; the boat lay prettily over till the water gurgled again
under her sharp bows, and Mr. Ellington felt the contentment and
exhilaration born of swift movement. But of course he must needs proceed
in this matter as in all others without thought of the future. The tide
was running fast out, and a surface current which always skirts the bay
set the boat ever more eastward. The rocks grew a little dim before
Ellington looked round and considered the situation. He felt quite easy
in his mind, however, and, stepping forward, let go the tiny halliard,
whereupon the sail came down.

"Now," he said, "we're just going to let her take her own way for an

This sailor-like resolution pleased his companion mightily, so the boat
was allowed to wheel lazily, and curtsey to the slight waves as they set
to the shore. Then the young people chatted softly, and forgot the time.

Now those who have watched the humours of autumn weather by the coast
will have noticed that very often after a warm breeze has been blowing
for hours, there will suddenly come a chill easterly waft. This will be
followed by a steady cold wind. The trees are blown white, the grass is
black with shadows, and the sea springs up like magic into a short nasty
"lipper." Within half-an-hour the lipper has gathered size, and in a
terribly short time there are ugly, medium-sized waves bowling fiercely
and regularly westward. The change mostly comes just about an hour after
the tide has turned. Ellington and his companion were talking on
heedlessly, when the girl, interrupting him in the middle of a speech,
said, shivering, "How cold it has turned!"

"Yes," returned Ellington, "it often comes like that. Do you see how
she's beginning to caper? So, there! Softly, softly!" he cried, as
though he were talking to a horse. A spirt of water had jerked over the
boat's side.

He ran up his sail, and as the little craft swung on her light heels,
and drew away to the west, he said, "I wish I hadn't got you into this
mess. But never mind, I don't think it's more than a wetting and a fuss
when we get home, at the worst of it."

Mr. Casely was sitting by his fire in the sanded kitchen. Excepting two
very old fellows, he was the only man left in the village that
afternoon, for all the other men and lads had gone north on the morning
tide. His noble face had got the beginnings of a few new lines since we
first saw him; his mouth was sorrowful, and his brows fell heavier than

A woman came in rather hurriedly, and said, "Thou'd better come out a
minute, honey. The sea's come on very coarse, and the young Squire's
boat's gettin' badly used out there, about a mile to the east'ard."

"Who's in her?"

"The young Squire and his lass."

"I'll be out directly. Has he ever made the landin' before?"

"Yes, but Tom's Harry was always with him."

When Casely stepped to the cliff edge, he saw that matters were a little
awkward. The boat was as yet in no very great danger, but the real pinch
would not come till Ellington tried to land. For two miles along the
coast there was not a single yard of shore where you dared beach a boat,
excepting just opposite the village. Here there was a broad gap through
the jagged reef which fringed the shore, and through this gap the
fishermen's boats had shot in fair or foul weather for more generations
than men could remember.

Casely said to one of the women--

"He'll be all right if he comes in to the north of the Cobbler. If he
doesn't, it's a bad job."

The Cobbler's Seat was one of a pair of huge rocks, which lay right in
the very gap wherethrough the boats had to run in. A progressive people
would have had the impediments blasted away, but the fisher-folk were
above all things conservative, and so the Cobbler remained year after
year to make the inward passage exciting. When the tide was running in
hard, a boat attempting the south passage was certain to be taken in a
nasty swirling eddy, and dashed heavily against the big stone. When any
sea was on, the run in required much nicety of handling.

Ellington had been told long ago that he must keep the church tower and
the flagstaff in one if he wanted to hit the gap fairly. He carried out
his instruction as well as he knew how.

The boat came dashingly in, flinging the spray gallantly aside as she
ducked and plunged in the short sea.

Casely saw that Ellington was going wrong. For an instant he had an
ungenerous thought. "Should I save him?" He shook himself as though he
were shaking off water, and sang out with all the strength of his
tremendous voice--"Hard down with it!" He waved to the northward with
passionate energy. But it was too late. The boat staggered as the eddy
hit her, swerved sharp to starboard, and took in a great plash of water,
then she struck the Cobbler, and kept repeating the blow with vicious,
short bumps that stove in her head. Ellington sprang out, and got a
foothold. He seized the girl, and dragged her beside him. The boat
turned clumsily over, and swirled away past. Then the wrecked couple
climbed out of reach of the lunging waves, and stood breathless. Casely
said, "That's a bad job, Jinny. The Cobbler'll be covered half a fathom
in forty minutes' time."

The woman he spoke to was his cousin. She said, "Can he swim?"

"Him! The big baby! He never could do anything like a man since the day
he was whelped. Old John Ellington would have had the lass half-way
ashore by this time."

"Let him drown!" This unladylike speech came from Jinny, who had been
very fond of Mary Casely.

"No! no!" said Casely, frowning heavily, "I'll not do that, Jinny. Tell
Hannah to fetch a rope, and call the other women. If we could only have
got a coble out it would have been all right, but there's nobody to pull
except a few daft wives and old Adam."

"What are you going to do?"

"I'll swim off, and you women folk can haul me in with the lass. After
that I'll maybe try for _him_."

Then this rare fellow had the rope fastened under his armpits, flung off
his sea-boots and his sleeve-waistcoat, and struck off with a breast
stroke that made never a splash. The spray cut his face, the lashing
feathers on the tops of the waves half-blinded him, but he held doggedly
on, and presently hung on to the bladderweed that fringed the Cobbler's
Seat. He climbed lightly up, and spoke to the girl.

"You'll lie quiet, my bonny woman, and don't be frightened if you get a
mouthful or two. Let me have you under the arms, and look smart."

He waved and shouted, then let himself lightly down into the sea, while
the women ran up the beach with the straining rope. When his feet ground
in the shallow water, he was bleeding at the mouth, but he carried the
girl past the foam.

"Take her up to our house, and send for Bella to put her in bed. She's
nigh done for. And now, my lasses, give us that dry rope; this one's
over stiff."

He struck off again, and was not long in getting to the stone; but it
was difficult work to climb up, for the wind was fairly whistling by
this time, and the waves had got a heavy impetus. Ellington was blue
with cold, and chattering at the teeth. He had cramped his fingers in a
hole bored by the common mollusc, which honeycombs the rocks, and as he
crouched he looked not particularly noble.

"Now, my man, there isn't much time, or else this would be a fine place
for us to have a talk. I've saved your lass for you, and I wish you had
done the same to mine for me. Now, come on; and mind, if you struggle,
I'll fell you like a stirk."

Once more the women ran to the high end of the beach, and then Ellington
was handed to them, limp and sick with sea water.

This was how Mr. Casely revenged himself.

       *       *       *       *       *

Chiswick Press:--C. Whittingham and Co. Tooks Court, Chancery Lane.

       *       *       *       *       *

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