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Title: The Death-Wake - or Lunacy; a Necromaunt in Three Chimeras
Author: Stoddart, Thomas T
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Death-Wake - or Lunacy; a Necromaunt in Three Chimeras" ***

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                            THE DEATH-WAKE

                             A NECROMAUNT
                           IN THREE CHIMERAS

                         BY THOMAS T. STODDART

                         WITH AN INTRODUCTION
                            BY ANDREW LANG

         Is't like that lead contains her?...
                           It were too gross
         To rib her cerecloth in the obscure grave.


                           LONDON: JOHN LANE
                        CHICAGO: WAY & WILLIAMS


_Piscatori Piscator_

    _An angler to an angler here,
      To one who longed not for the bays,
    I bring a little gift and dear,
      A line of love, a word of praise,
    A common memory of the ways,
      By Elibank and Yair that lead;
    Of all the burns, from all the braes,
      That yield their tribute to the Tweed.

    His boyhood found the waters clean,
      His age deplored them, foul with dye;
    But purple hills, and copses green,
      And these old towers he wandered by,
    Still to the simple strains reply
      Of his pure unrepining reed,
    Who lies where he was fain to lie,
      Like Scott, within the sound of Tweed._



The extreme rarity of _The Death-Wake_ is a reason for its
republication, which may or may not be approved of by collectors. Of
the original edition the Author says that more than seventy copies
were sold in the first week of publication, but thereafter the
publisher failed in business. Mr. Stoddart recovered the sheets of his
poem, and his cook gradually, and perhaps not injudiciously, expended
them for domestic purposes.

Apart from its rarity, _The Death-Wake_ has an interest of its own for
curious amateurs of poetry. The year of its composition (1830) was the
great year of _Romanticisme_ in France, the year of _Hernani_, and of
Gautier's _gilet rouge_. In France it was a literary age given to
mediæval extravagance, to the dagger and the bowl, the cloak and
sword, the mad monk and the were-wolf; the age of Pétrus Borel and
MacKeat, as well as of Dumas and Hugo. Now the official poetry of our
country was untouched by and ignorant of the virtues and excesses of
1830. Wordsworth's bolt was practically shot; Sir Walter was ending
his glorious career; Shelley and Byron and Keats were dead, and the
_annus mirabilis_ of Coleridge was long gone by. Three young poets of
the English-speaking race were producing their volumes, destined at
first to temporary neglect. The year 1830 was the year of Mr.
Tennyson's _Poems, chiefly Lyrical_, his first book, not counting
_Poems by Two Brothers_. It was also the year of Mr. Browning's
_Pauline_ (rarer even than _The Death-Wake_); and it was the year
which followed the second, and perhaps the most characteristic,
poetical venture of Edgar Allan Poe. In Mr. Tennyson's early lyrics,
and in Mr. Poe's, any capable judge must have recognised new notes of
romance. Their accents are fresh and strange, their imaginations dwell
in untrodden regions. Untouched by the French romantic poets, they yet
unconsciously reply to their notes, as if some influence in the mental
air were at work on both sides of the Channel, on both sides of the
Atlantic. Now, in my opinion, this indefinite influence was also
making itself felt, faintly and dimly, in Scotland. _The Death-Wake_
is the work of a lad who certainly had read Keats, Coleridge and
Shelley, but who is no imitator of these great poets. He has, in a few
passages, and at his best, an accent original, distinct, strangely
musical, and really replete with promise. He has a fresh unborrowed
melody and mastery of words, the first indispensable sign of a true
poet. His rhymed heroic verse is no more the rhymed heroic verse of
_Endymion_, than it is that of Mr. Pope, or of Mr. William Morris. He
is a new master of the old instrument.

His mood is that of Scott when Scott was young, and was so anxious to
possess a death's head and cross-bones. The malady is "most incident"
to youth, but Mr. Stoddart wears his rue with a difference. The mad
monkish lover of the dead nun Agathé has hit on precisely the sort of
fantasy which was about to inspire Théophile Gautier's _Comédie de la
Mort_, or the later author of _Gaspard de la Nuit_, or Edgar Poe.
There is here no "criticism of life;" it is a criticism of strange
death; and, so far, may recall Beddoes's _Death's Jest-Book_,
unpublished, of course, in 1830. Naturally this kind of poetry is
"useless," as Mr. Ruskin says about Coleridge, but, in its _bizarre_
way, it may be beautiful.

The author, by a curious analogy with Théophile Gautier, was, in these
days, a humourist as well as a poet. In the midst of his mad fancies
and rare melodies he is laughing at himself, as Théophile mocked at
_Les Jeunes France_. The psychological position is, therefore, one of
the rarest. Mr. Stoddart was, first of all and before all, a hardy and
enthusiastic angler. Between 1830 and 1840 he wrote a few beautiful
angling songs, and then all the poetry of his character merged itself
in an ardent love of Nature: of hill, loch and stream--above all, of
Tweed, the fairest of waters, which he lived to see a sink of
pollution. After 1831 we have no more romanticism from Mr. Stoddart.
The wind, blowing where it listeth, struck on him as on an Æolian
harp, and "an uncertain warbling made," in the true Romantic manner.
He did write a piece with the alluring name of _Ajalon of the Winds_,
but not one line of it survives. The rest is not silence, indeed, for,
in addition to his lays of trout and salmon, of Tweed and Teviot, Mr.
Stoddart wrote a good deal of prose, and a good deal of perfectly
common and uninspired verse. The Muse, which was undeniably with him
for an hour, abandoned him, or he deserted her, being content to whip
the waters of Tweed, and Meggat, and Yarrow. Perhaps unfavourable and
unappreciative criticism, acting on a healthy and contented nature,
drove him back into the common paths of men. Whatever the cause, the
_Death-Wake_ alone (save for a few angling songs) remains to give
assurance of a poet "who died young." It is needless to rewrite the
biography, excellently done, in _Angling Songs_, by Miss Stoddart, the
poet's daughter (Blackwoods, Edinburgh, 1889). Mr. Stoddart was born
on St. Valentine's Day 1810, in Argyll Square, Edinburgh, nearly on
the site of the Kirk of Field, where Darnley was murdered. He came of
an old Border family. Miss Stoddart tells a painful tale of an aged
Miss Helen who burned family papers because she thought she was
bewitched by the seals and decorated initials. Similar follies are
reported of a living old lady, on whose hearth, after a night of
destruction, was once found the impression of a seal of Mary of
Modena. I could give only too good a guess at the _provenance_ of
_those_ papers, but nobody can interfere. Beyond 1500 the family
memories rely on tradition. The ancestors owned lands in the Forest of
Ettrick, and Williamhope, on the Tweed hard by Ashestiel. On the
Glenkinnon burn, celebrated by Scott, they hid the prophets of the
Covenant "by fifties in a cave." One Williamhope is said to have been
out at Drumclog, or, perhaps, Bothwell Brig. This laird, of enormous
strength, was called the Beetle of Yarrow, and was a friend of Murray
of Philiphaugh. His son, in the Fifteen, was out on the Hanoverian
side, which was _not_ in favour with the author of _The Death-Wake_.
He married a daughter of Veitch of The Glen, now the property of Sir
Charles Tennant. In the next generation but one, the Stoddarts sold
their lands and took to commerce, while the poet's father won great
distinction in the Navy. The great-great-grandfather of the poet
married a Miss Muir of Anniston, the family called cousins (on which
side of the blanket I know not) with Robert II. of Scotland, and, by
another line, were as near as in the sixth degree of James III.

As a schoolboy, Mr. Stoddart was always rhyming of goblin, ghost,
fairy, and all Sir Walter's themes. At Edinburgh University he was a
pupil of Christopher North (John Wilson), who pooh-poohed _The
Death-Wake_ in _Blackwood_. He also knew Aytoun, Professor Ferrier, De
Quincey, Hartley Coleridge, and Hogg, and was one of the first guests
of Tibbie Sheils, on the spit of land between St. Mary's and the Loch
of the Lowes. In verses of this period (1827) Miss Stoddart detects
traces of Keats and Byron, but the lines quoted are much better in
_technique_ than Byron usually wrote.

The summer of 1830 Mr. Stoddart passed in Hogg's company on Yarrow,
and early in 1831 he published _The Death-Wake_. There is no trace of
James Hogg in the poem, which, to my mind, is perfectly original.
Wilson places it "between the weakest of Shelley and the strongest of
Barry Cornwall." It is really nothing but a breath of the spirit of
romance, touching an instrument not wholly out of tune, but never to
be touched again.

It is unnecessary to follow Mr. Stoddart through a long and happy life
of angling and of literary leisure. He only blossomed once. His poem
was plagiarised and inserted in _Graham's Magazine_, by a person named
Louis Fitzgerald Tasistro (vol. xx.). Mr. Ingram, the biographer of
Edgar Poe, observes that Poe praised the piece while he was exposing
Tasistro's "barefaced robbery."

The copy of _The Death-Wake_ from which this edition is printed was
once the property of Mr. Aytoun, author of _Lays of the Scottish
Cavaliers_, and, I presume, of _Ta Phairshon_. Mr. Aytoun has written
a prefatory sonnet which will be found in its proper place, a set of
rhymes on the flyleaf at the end, and various cheerful but unfeeling
notes. After some hesitation I do not print these frivolities.

The copy was most generously presented to me by Professor Knight of
St. Andrews, and I have only seen one other example, which I in turn
contributed to fill the vacant place in the shelves of Mr. Knight. His
example, however, is far the more curious of the twain, by virtue of
Aytoun's annotations.

I had been wanting to see _The Death-Wake_ ever since, as a boy, I
read the unkind review of it in an ancient volume of _Blackwood's
Magazine_. In its "pure purple mantle" of glazed cloth, with paper
label, it is an unaffectedly neat and well-printed little volume.

It would be unbecoming and impertinent to point out to any one who has
an ear for verse, the charm of such lines as--

    "A murmur far and far, of those that stirred
    Within the great encampment of the sea."


    "A love-winged seraph glides in glory by,
    Striking the tent of its mortality."

(An idea anticipated by the as yet unknown Omar Khayyam).


    "Dost thou, in thy vigil, hail
    Arcturus in his chariot pale,
    Leading him with a fiery flight
    Over the hollow hill of night?"

These are wonderful verses for a lad of twenty-one, living among
anglers, undergraduates, and, if with some society of the lettered,
apparently with none which could appreciate or applaud him.

For the matter of the poem, the wild voyage of the mad monkish lover
with the dead Bride of Heaven, it strikes, of course, on the common
reef of the Romantic--the ridiculous. But the recurring contrasts of a
pure, clear peace in sea and sky, are of rare and atoning beauty. Such
a passage is--

    "And the great ocean, like a holy hall,
    Where slept a seraph host maritimal,
    Was gorgeous with wings of diamond."

Once more, when the mad monk tells the sea-waves

    "That ye have power and passion, and a sound
    As of the flying of an angel round,
    The mighty world, that ye are one with Time,"

we recognise genuine imagination.

A sympathetic reader of _The Death-Wake_ would perhaps have expected
the leprosies and lunacies to drop off, and the genius, purged of its
accidents, to move into a pure transparency. The abnormal, the
monstrous, the boyish elements should have been burned away in the
fire of the genius of poetry. But the Muses did not so will it, and
the mystic wind of the spirit of song became of less moment to Mr.
Stoddart than the breeze on the loch that stirs the trout to feed.
Perhaps his life was none the less happy and fortunate. Of the many
brilliant men whom he knew intimately--Wilson, Aytoun, Ferrier,
Glassford Bell, and others--perhaps none, not even Hogg, recognised
the grace of the Muse which (in my poor opinion) Mr. Stoddart
possessed. His character was not in the least degree soured by neglect
or fretted by banter. Not to over-estimate oneself is a virtue very
rare among poets, and certainly does not lead to public triumphs.
Modesty is apt to accompany the sense of humour which alleviates
life, while it is an almost insuperable bar to success.

Mr. Stoddart died on November 22nd, 1880. His last walk was to Kelso
Bridge "to look at the Tweed," which now murmurs by his grave the
self-same song that it sings beside Sir Walter's tomb in Dryburgh
Abbey. We leave his poem to the judgment of students of poetry, and to
him we say his own farewell--

    Sorrow, sorrow speed away
      To our angler's quiet mound,
    With the old pilgrim, twilight grey,
      Enter thou the holy ground.

    There he sleeps, whose heart was twined
      With wild stream and wandering burn,
    Wooer of the western wind,
      Watcher of the April morn.




_Sonnet to the Author_

    _O wormy Thomas Stoddart who inheritest
      Rich thoughts and loathsome, nauseous words, & rare!
    Tell me, my friend, why is it that thou ferretest
      And gropest in each death-corrupted lair?
    Seek'st thou for maggots, such as have affinity
      With those in thine own brain? or dost thou think
      That all is sweet which hath a horrid stink?
    Why dost thou make Hautgout thy sole divinity?
      Here is enough of genius to convert
        Vile dung to precious diamonds, and to spare,
      Then why transform the diamond into dirt,
        And change thy mind w^h. sh^d. be rich & fair
    Into a medley of creations foul,
    As if a Seraph would become a Goul?_




    An anthem of a sister choristry!
    And like a windward murmur of the sea,
    O'er silver shells, so solemnly it falls!
    A dying music shrouded in deep walls,
    That bury its wild breathings! And the moon,
    Of glow-worm hue, like virgin in sad swoon,
    Lies coldly on the bosom of a cloud,
    Until the elf-winds, that are wailing loud,
    Do minister unto her sickly trance,
    Fanning the life into her countenance;
    And there are pale stars sparkling, far and few
    In the deep chasms of everlasting blue,
    Unmarshall'd and ungather'd, one and one,
    Like outposts of the lunar garrison.

    A train of holy fathers windeth by
    The arches of an aged sanctuary,
    With cowl, and scapular, and rosary
    On to the sainted oriel, where stood,
    By the rich altar, a fair sisterhood--
    A weeping group of virgins! one or two
    Bent forward to a bier, of solemn hue,
    Whereon a bright and stately coffin lay,
    With its black pall flung over:--Agathè
    Was on the lid--a name. And who?--No more!
    'Twas only Agathè.

                       'Tis o'er, 'tis o'er,--
    Her burial! and, under the arcades,
    Torch after torch into the moonlight fades;
    And there is heard the music, a brief while,
    Over the roofings of the imaged aisle,
    From the deep organ panting out its last,
    Like the slow dying of an autumn blast.

    A lonely monk is loitering within
    The dusky area, at the altar seen,
    Like a pale spirit kneeling in the light
    Of the cold moon, that looketh wan and white
    Through the deviced oriel; and he lays
    His hands upon his bosom, with a gaze
    To the chill earth. He had the youthful look
    Which heartfelt woe had wasted, and he shook
    At every gust of the unholy breeze,
    That enter'd through the time-worn crevices.

    A score of summers only o'er his brow
    Had pass'd--and it was summer, even now,
    The one-and-twentieth--from a birth of tears,
    Over a waste of melancholy years!
    And _that_ brow was as wan as if it were
    Of snowy marble, and the raven hair
    That would have cluster'd over, was all shorn,
    And his fine features stricken pale as morn.

    He kiss'd a golden crucifix that hung
    Around his neck, and in a transport flung
    Himself upon the earth, and said, and said
    Wild, raving words, about the blessed dead:
    And then he rose, and in the moonshade stood,
    Gazing upon its light in solitude;
    And smote his brow, at some idea wild
    That came across: then, weeping like a child,
    He falter'd out the name of Agathè;
    And look'd unto the heaven inquiringly,
    And the pure stars.

                       "Oh shame! that ye are met,
    To mock me, like old memories, that yet
    Break in upon the golden dream I knew,
    While she--_she_ lived: and I have said adieu
    To that fair one, and to her sister Peace,
    That lieth in her grave. When wilt thou cease
    To feed upon my quiet!--thou Despair!
    That art the mad usurper, and the heir,
    Of this heart's heritage! Go, go--return,
    And bring me back oblivion, and an urn!
    And ye, pale stars, may look, and only find,
    The wreck of a proud tree, that lets the wind
    Count o'er its blighted boughs; for such was he
    That loved, and loves, the silent Agathè!"
    And he hath left the sanctuary, like one
    That knew not his own purpose--The red sun
    Rose early over incense of bright mist,
    That girdled a pure sky of amethyst.
    And who was he? A monk. And those who knew
    Yclept him Julio; but they were few:
    And others named him as a nameless one,--
    A dark, sad-hearted being, who had none
    But bitter feelings, and a cast of sadness,
    That fed the wildest of all curses--madness!

    But he was, what _none_ knew, of lordly line,
    That fought in the far land of Palestine,
    Where, under banners of the cross, they fell,
    Smote by the armies of the infidel.
    And Julio was the last; alone, alone!
    A sad, unfriended orphan, that had gone
    Into the world, to murmur and to die,
    Like the cold breezes that are passing by!

    And few they were that bade him to their board;
    His fortunes now were over, and the sword
    Of his proud ancestry dishonour'd--left
    To moulder in its sheath--a hated gift!

    Ay! it was so; and Julio had fain
    Have been a warrior; but his very brain
    Grew fever'd at the sickly thought of death,
    And to be stricken with a want of breath!--
    To be the food of worms--inanimate,
    And cold as winter,--and as desolate!
    And then to waste away, and be no more
    Than the dark dust!--The thought was like a sore
    That gather'd in his heart; and he would say,--
    "A curse be on their laurels!" and decay
    Came over them; the deeds that they had done
    Had fallen with their fortunes; and anon
    Was Julio forgotten, and his line--
    No wonder for this frenzied tale of mine!

    Oh! he was wearied of this passing scene!
    But loved not death: his purpose was between
    Life and the grave; and it would vibrate there,
    Like a wild bird that floated far and fair
    Betwixt the sun and sea!

                             He went, and came,
    And thought, and slept, and still awoke the same,--
    A strange, strange youth; and he would look all night
    Upon the moon and stars, and count the flight
    Of the sea waves, and let the evening wind
    Play with his raven tresses, or would bind
    Grottoes of birch, wherein to sit and sing:
    And peasant girls would find him sauntering,
    To gaze upon their features, as they met,
    In laughter, under some green arboret.

    At last, he became monk, and, on his knees,
    Said holy prayers, and with wild penances
    Made sad atonement; and the solemn whim,
    That, like a shadow, loiter'd over him,
    Wore off, even like a shadow. He was cursed
    With none of the mad thoughts that were at first
    The poison of his quiet; but he grew
    To love the world and its wild laughter too,
    As he had known before; and wish'd again
    To join the very mirth he hated then!

    He durst not break the vow--he durst not be
    The one he would--and his heart's harmony
    Became a tide of sorrow. Even so,
    He felt hope die,--in madness and in woe!
    But there came one--and a most lovely one
    As ever to the warm light of the sun
    Threw back her tresses,--a fair sister girl,
    With a brow changing between snow and pearl,
    And the blue eyes of sadness, fill'd with dew
    Of tears,--like Heaven's own melancholy blue,--
    So beautiful, so tender; and her form
    Was graceful as a rainbow in a storm,
    Scattering gladness on the face of sorrow--
    Oh! I had fancied of the hues that borrow
    Their brightness from the sun; but she was bright
    In her own self,--a mystery of light!
    With feelings tender as a star's own hue,
    Pure as the morning star! as true, as true;
    For it will glitter in each early sky,
    And her first love be love that lasteth aye!

    And this was Agathè, young Agathè,
    A motherless, fair girl: and many a day
    She wept for her lost parent. It was sad
    To see her infant sorrow; how she bade
    The flow of her wild spirits fall away
    To grief, like bright clouds in a summer day
    Melting into a shower: and it was sad
    Almost to think she might again be glad,
    Her beauty was so chaste, amid the fall
    Of her bright tears. Yet, in her father's hall,
    She had lived almost sorrowless her days:
    But he felt no affection for the gaze
    Of his fair girl; and when she fondly smiled,
    He bade no father's welcome to the child,
    But even told his wish, and will'd it done,
    For her to be sad-hearted--and a nun!

    And so it was. She took the dreary veil,
    A hopeless girl! and the bright flush grew pale
    Upon her cheek: she felt, as summer feels
    The winds of autumn and the winter chills,
    That darken his fair suns.--It was away,
    Feeding on dreams, the heart of Agathè!

    The vesper prayers were said, and the last hymn
    Sung to the Holy Virgin. In the dim,
    Gray aisle was heard a solitary tread,
    As of one musing sadly on the dead--
    'Twas Julio; it was his wont to be
    Often alone within the sanctuary;
    But now, not so--another: it was she!
    Kneeling in all her beauty, like a saint
    Before a crucifix; but sad and faint
    The tone of her devotion, as the trill
    Of a moss-burden'd, melancholy rill.

    And Julio stood before her;--'twas as yet
    The hour of the pale twilight--and they met
    Each other's gaze, till either seem'd the hue
    Of deepest crimson; but the ladye threw
    Her veil above her features, and stole by
    Like a bright cloud, with sadness and a sigh!

    Yet Julio still stood gazing and alone,
    A dreamer!--"Is the sister ladye gone?"
    He started at the silence of the air
    That slumber'd over him--she is not there.

    And either slept not through the live-long night,
    Or slept in fitful trances, with a bright,
    Fair dream upon their eyelids: but they rose
    In sorrow from the pallet of repose;
    For the dark thought of their sad destiny
    Came o'er them, like a chasm of the deep sea,
    That was to rend their fortunes; and at eve
    They met again, but, silent, took their leave,
    As they did yesterday: another night,
    And neither spake awhile--A pure delight
    Had chasten'd love's first blushes: silently
    Gazed Julio on the gentle Agathè--
    At length, "Fair Nun!"--She started, and held fast
    Her bright hand on her lip--"the past, the past,
    And the pale future! There be some that lie
    Under those marble urns--I know not why,
    But I were better in that only calm,
    Than be as I have been, perhaps, and am.
    The past!--ay! it hath perish'd; never, never,
    Would I recall it to be blest for ever:
    The future it must come--I have a vow"--
    And his cold hand rose trembling to his brow.
    "True, true, I have a vow. Is not the moon
    Abroad, fair Nun?"--"Indeed! so very soon?"
    Said Agathè, and "I must then away."--
    "Stay, love! 'tis early yet; stay, angel, stay!"
    But she was gone:--yet they met many a time
    In the lone chapel, after vesper chime--
    They met in love and fear.

                               One weary day,
    And Julio saw not his loved Agathè;
    She was not in the choir of sisterhood
    That sang the evening anthem, and he stood
    Like one that listen'd breathlessly awhile;
    But stranger voices chanted through the aisle.
    She was not there; and, after all were gone,
    He linger'd: the stars came--he linger'd on,
    Like a dark fun'ral image on the tomb
    Of a lost hope. He felt a world of gloom
    Upon his heart--a solitude--a chill.
    The pale morn rose, and still, he linger'd still.
    And the next vesper toll'd; nor yet, nor yet--
    "Can Agathè be faithless, and forget?"

    It was the third sad eve, he heard it said,
    "Poor Julio! thy Agathè is dead,"
    And started. He had loiter'd in the train
    That bore her to the grave: he saw her lain
    In the cold earth, and heard a requiem
    Sung over her--To him it was a dream!
    A marble stone stood by the sepulchre;
    He look'd, and saw, and started--she was there!
    And Agathè had died; she that was bright--
    She that was in her beauty! a cold blight
    Fell over the young blossom of her brow.
    And the life-blood grew chill--She is not, now.

    She died, like zephyr falling amid flowers!
    Like to a star within the twilight hours
    Of morning--and she was not! Some have thought
    The Lady Abbess gave her a mad draught,
    That stole into her heart, and sadly rent
    The fine chords of that holy instrument,
    Until its music falter'd fast away,
    And she--she died,--the lovely Agathè!

    Again, and through the arras of the gloom
    Are the pale breezes moaning: by her tomb
    Bends Julio, like a phantom, and his eye
    Is fallen, as the moon-borne tides, that lie
    At ebb within the sea. Oh! he is wan,
    As winter skies are wan, like ages gone,
    And stars unseen for paleness; it is cast,
    As foliage in the raving of the blast,
    All his fair bloom of thoughts! Is the moon chill,
    That in the dark clouds she is mantled still?
    And over its proud arch hath Heaven flung
    A scarf of darkness? Agathè was young!
    And there should be the virgin silver there,
    The snow-white fringes delicately fair!

    He wields a heavy mattock in his hands,
    And over him a lonely lanthorn stands
    On a near niche, shedding a sickly fall
    Of light upon a marble pedestal,
    Whereon is chisel'd rudely, the essay
    Of untaught tool, "Hic jacet Agathè!"
    And Julio hath bent him down in speed,
    Like one that doeth an unholy deed.

    There is a flagstone lieth heavily
    Over the ladye's grave; I wist of three
    That bore it, of a blessed verity!
    But he hath lifted it in his pure madness,
    As it were lightsome as a summer gladness,
    And from the carved niche hath ta'en the lamp,
    And hung it by the marble flagstone damp.

    And he is flinging the dark, chilly mould
    Over the gorgeous pavement: 'tis a cold,
    Sad grave, and there is many a relic there
    Of chalky bones, which, in the wasting air,
    Fell smouldering away; and he would dash
    His mattock through them, with a cursed clash,
    That made the lone aisle echo. But anon
    He fell upon a skull,--a haggard one,
    With its teeth set, and the great orbless eye
    Revolving darkness, like eternity--
    And in his hand he held it, till it grew
    To have the fleshy features and the hue
    Of life. He gazed, and gazed, and it became
    Like to his Agathè--all, all the same!
    He drew it nearer,--the cold, bony thing!--
    To kiss the worm-wet lips. "Ay! let me cling--
    Cling to thee now, for ever!" but a breath
    Of rank corruption from its jaws of death
    Went to his nostrils, and he madly laugh'd,
    And dash'd it over on the altar shaft,
    Which the new risen moon, in her gray light,
    Had fondly flooded, beautifully bright!

                                      Again he went
    To his wild work, beside the monument.
    "Ha! leave, thou moon! where thy footfall hath been
    In sorrow amid heaven! there is sin
    Under thy shadow, lying like a dew;
    So come thou, from thy awful arch of blue,
    Where thou art even as a silver throne
    For some pale spectre-king; come thou alone,
    Or bring a solitary orphan star
    Under thy wings! afar, afar, afar,
    To gaze upon this girl of radiancy,
    In her deep slumbers--Wake thee, Agathè!"

    And Julio hath stolen the dark chest
    Where the fair nun lay coffin'd, in the rest
    That wakes not up at morning: she is there,
    An image of cold calm! One tress of hair
    Lingereth lonely on her snowy brow;
    But the bright eyes are closed in darkness now;
    And their long lashes delicately rest
    On the pale cheek, like sun-rays in the west,
    That fall upon a colourless, sad cloud.
    Humility lies rudely on the proud,
    But she was never proud; and there she is,
    A yet unwither'd flower the autumn breeze
    Hath blown from its green stem! 'T is pale, 't is pale,
    But still unfaded, like the twilight veil
    That falleth after sunset; like a stream
    That bears the burden of a silver gleam
    Upon its waters; and is even so,--
    Chill, melancholy, lustreless, and low!

    Beauty in death! a tenderness upon
    The rude and silent relics, where alone
    Sat the destroyer! Beauty on the dead!
    The look of being where the breath is fled!
    The unwarming sun still joyous in its light!
    A time--a time without a day or night!
    Death cradled upon Beauty, like a bee
    Upon a flower, that looketh lovingly!--
    Like a wild serpent, coiling in its madness,
    Under a wreath of blossom and of gladness!

    And there she is; and Julio bends o'er
    The sleeping girl,--a willow on the shore
    Of a Dead Sea! that steepeth its far bough
    Into the bitter waters,--even now
    Taking a foretaste of the awful trance
    That was to pass on his own countenance!

    Yes! yes! and he is holding his pale lips
    Over her brow; the shade of an eclipse
    Is passing to his heart, and to his eye,
    That is not tearful; but the light will die,
    Leaving it like a moon within a mist,--
    The vision of a spell-bound visionist!

    He breathed a cold kiss on her ashy cheek,
    That left no trace--no flush--no crimson streak,
    But was as bloodless as a marble stone,
    Susceptible of silent waste alone.
    And on her brow a crucifix he laid--
    A jewel'd crucifix, the virgin maid
    Had given him before she died. The moon
    Shed light upon her visage--clouded soon,
    Then briefly breaking from its airy veil,
    Like warrior lifting up his aventayle.

    But Julio gazed on, and never lifted
    Himself to see the broken clouds, that drifted
    One after one, like infant elves at play
    Amid the night-winds, in their lonely way--
    Some whistling and some moaning, some asleep,
    And dreaming dismal dreams, and sighing deep
    Over their couches of green moss and flowers,
    And solitary fern, and heather bowers.

    The heavy bell toll'd two, and, as it toll'd,
    Julio started, and the fresh-turn'd mould
    He flung into the empty chasm with speed,
    And o'er it dropt the flagstone. One could read
    That Agathè lay there; but still the girl
    Lay by him, like a precious and pale pearl,
    That from the deep sea-waters had been rent--
    Like a star fallen from the firmament!
    He hides the grave-tools in an aged porch,
    To westward of the solitary church;
    And he hath clasp'd around the melting waist
    The beautiful, dead girl: his cheek is press'd
    To hers--Life warming the cold chill of Death!
    And over his pale palsy breathing breath
    His eye is sunk upon her--"Thou must leave
    The worm to waste for love of thee, and grieve
    Without thee, as I may not. Thou must go,
    My sweet betrothed, with me--but not below,
    Where there is darkness, dream, and solitude,
    But where is light, and life, and one to brood
    Above thee till thou wakest--Ha! I fear
    Thou wilt not wake for ever, sleeping here,
    Where there are none but winds to visit thee,
    And convent fathers, and a choristry
    Of sisters, saying, 'Hush!'--But I will sing
    Rare songs to thy pure spirit, wandering
    Down on the dews to hear me; I will tune
    The instrument of the ethereal moon,
    And all the choir of stars, to rise and fall
    In harmony and beauty musical."

    He is away--and still the sickly lamp
    Is burning next the altar; there's a damp,
    Thin mould upon the pavement; and, at morn,
    The monks do cross them in their blessed scorn
    And mutter deep anathemas, because
    Of the unholy sacrilege, that was
    Within the sainted chapel,--for they guess'd,
    By many a vestige sad, how the dark rest
    Of Agathè was broken,--and anon
    They sought for Julio. The summer sun
    Arose and and set, with his imperial disc
    Toward the ocean-waters, heaving brisk
    Before the winds,--but Julio came never:
    He that was frantic as a foaming river--
    Mad as the fall of leaves upon the tide
    Of a great tempest, that have fought and died
    Along the forest ramparts, and doth still
    In its death-struggle desperately reel
    Round with the fallen foliage--he was gone,
    And none knew whither. Still were chanted on
    Sad masses, by pale sisters, many a day,
    And holy requiems sung for Agathè!


    A curse! a curse! the beautiful pale wing
    Of a sea-bird was worn with wandering,
    And, on a sunny rock beside the shore,
    It stood, the golden waters gazing o'er;
    And they were heaving a brown amber flow
    Of weeds, that glitter'd gloriously below.

    It was the sunset, and the gorgeous hall
    Of heaven rose up on pillars magical
    Of living silver, shafting the fair sky
    Between dark time and great eternity.
    They rose upon their pedestal of sun,
    A line of snowy columns! and anon
    Were lost in the rich tracery of cloud
    That hung along, magnificently proud,
    Predicting the pure star-light, that beyond
    The east was armouring in diamond
    About the camp of twilight, and was soon
    To marshal under the fair champion moon,
    That call'd her chariot of unearthly mist,
    Toward her citadel of amethyst.

    A curse! a curse! a lonely man is there
    By the deep waters, with a burden fair
    Clasp'd in his wearied arms--'Tis he; 'tis he
    The brain-struck Julio, and Agathè!
    His cowl is back--flung back upon the breeze,
    His lofty brow is haggard with disease,
    As if a wild libation had been pour'd
    Of lightning on those temples, and they shower'd
    A dismal perspiration, like a rain,
    Shook by the thunder and the hurricane!

    He dropt upon a rock, and by him placed,
    Over a bed of sea-pinks growing waste,
    The silent ladye, and he mutter'd wild,
    Strange words, about a mother, and no child.
    "And I shall wed thee, Agathè! although
    Ours be no God-blest bridal--even so!"
    And from the sand he took a silver shell,
    That had been wasted by the fall and swell
    Of many a moon-borne tide into a ring--
    A rude, rude ring; it was a snow-white thing,
    Where a lone hermit limpet slept and died,
    In ages far away. "Thou art a bride,
    Sweet Agathè! Wake up; we must not linger."
    He press'd the ring upon her chilly finger,
    And to the sea-bird, on its sunny stone,
    Shouted, "Pale priest! thou liest all alone
    Upon thy ocean altar, rise away
    To our glad bridal!" and its wings of gray
    All lazily it spread, and hover'd by
    With a wild shriek--a melancholy cry!
    Then swooping slowly o'er the heaving breast
    Of the blue ocean, vanish'd in the west.

    And Julio is chanting to his bride,
    A merry song of his wild heart, that died
    On the soft breeze through pinks beside the sea,
    All rustling in their beauty gladsomely.


    A rosary of stars, love! we'll count them as we go
    Upon the laughing waters, that are wandering below,
    And we'll o'er the pearly moon-beam, as it lieth in the sea,
    In beauty and in glory, like a shadowing of thee!

    A rosary of stars, love! a prayer as we glide,
    And a whisper in the wind, and a murmur on the tide!
    And we'll say a fair adieu to the flowers that are seen,
    With shells of silver sown in radiancy between.

    A rosary of stars, love! the purest they shall be,
    Like spirits of pale pearls, in the bosom of the sea;
    Now help thee, virgin mother! with a blessing as we go,
    Upon the laughing waters, that are wandering below!

    He lifted the dead girl, and is away
    To where a light boat, in its moorings lay,
    Like a sea-cradle, rocking to the hush
    Of the nurse waters. With a frantic rush
    O'er the wild field of tangles he hath sped,
    And through the shoaling waves that fell and fled
    Upon the furrow'd beach.

                             The snowy sail
    Is hoisted to the gladly gushing gale,
    That bosom'd its fair canvass with a breast
    Of silver, looking lovely to the west;
    And at the helm there sits the wither'd one,
    Gazing and gazing on the sister nun,
    With her fair tresses floating on his knee--
    The beautiful, death-stricken Agathè!

    Fast, fast, and far away, the bark hath stood
    Out toward the great heaving solitude,
    That gurgled in its deeps, as if the breath
    Went through its lungs, of agony and death!

    The sun is lost within the labyrinth
    Of clouds of purple and pale hyacinth,
    That are the frontlet of the sister Sky
    Kissing her brother Ocean; and they lie
    Bathing in blushes, till the rival queen
    Night, with her starry tiar, floateth in--
    A dark and dazzling beauty! that doth draw
    Over the light of love a shade of awe
    Most strange, that parts our wonder not the less
    Between her mystery and loveliness!

    And she is there, that is a pyramid
    Whereon the stars, the statues of the dead,
    Are imaged over the eternal hall,
    A group of radiances majestical!
    And Julio looks up, and there they be,
    And Agathè, and all the waste of Sea,
    That slept in wizard slumber, with a shroud
    Of night flung o'er his bosom, throbbing proud
    Amid its azure pulses; and again
    He dropt his blighted eye-orbs, with a strain
    Of mirth upon the ladye:--Agathè!
    Sweet bride! be thou a queen, and I will lay
    A crown of sea-weed on thy royal brow;
    And I will twine these tresses, that are now
    Floating beside me, to a diadem;
    And the sea foam will sprinkle gem on gem,
    And so will the soft dews. Be thou the queen
    Of the unpeopled waters, sadly seen
    By star-light, till the yet unrisen moon
    Issue, unveiled, from her anderoon,
    To bathe in the sea fountains: let me say,
    "Hail--hail to thee! thrice hail, my Agathè!"

    The warrior world was lifting to the bent
    Of his eternal brow magnificent,
    The fiery moon, that in her blazonry
    Shone eastward, like a shield. The throbbing sea
    Felt fever on his azure arteries,
    That shadow'd them with crimson, while the breeze
    Fell faster on the solitary sail.
    But the red moon grew loftier and pale,
    And the great ocean, like the holy hall,
    Where slept a seraph host maritimal,
    Was gorgeous, with wings of diamond
    Fann'd over it, and millions beyond
    Of tiny waves were playing to and fro,
    All musical, with an incessant flow
    Of cadences, innumerably heard
    Between the shrill notes of a hermit bird,
    That held a solemn paean to the moon.

    A few devotional fair clouds were soon
    Breathed o'er the living countenance of Heaven,
    And under the great galaxies were driven
    Of stars that group'd together, and they went
    Like voyagers along the firmament,
    And grew to silver in the blessed light
    Of the moon alchymist. It was not night,
    Not the dark deathly shadow, that falls o'er
    The eye-lid like a curse, but far before
    In splendour, struggling through a fall of gloom,
    In many a myriad gushes, that do come
    Direct from the eternal stars beyond,
    Like holy fountains pouring diamond!

    A sail! awake thee, Julio! a sail!
    And be not bending to thy trances pale.
    But he is gazing on the moonlit brow
    Of his dead Agathè, and fondly now,
    The light is silvering her bloodless face
    And the cold grave-clothes. There is loveliness
    As in a marble image, very bright!
    But stricken with a phantasy of light
    That is not given to the mortal hue,
    To life and breathing beauty: and she too
    Is more of the expressless lineament,
    Than of the golden thoughts that came and went
    Over her features like a living tide
    No while before.

                    A sail is on the wide
    And moving waters, and it draweth nigh
    Like a sea-cloud. The elfin billows fly
    Before it, in their armories enthrall'd
    Of radiant and moon-breasted emerald;
    And many is the mariner that sees
    The lone boat in the melancholy breeze,
    Waving her snowy canvass, and anon
    Their stately vessel with a gallant run
    Crowds by in all her glory; but the cheer
    Of men is pass'd into a sudden fear,
    And whisperings, and shakings of the head--
    The moon was streaming on a virgin dead,
    And Julio sat over her insane,
    Like a sea demon! O'er and o'er again,
    Each cross'd him, as the stately vessel stood
    Far out into the murmuring solitude!

    But Julio saw not; he only heard
    A rushing, like the passing of a bird,
    And felt him heaving on the foam, that flew
    Along the startled billows; and he knew
    Of a strange sail, by broken oaths that fell
    Beside him, on the coming of the swell.

    They knew thou wert a queen, my royal bride!
    And made obeisance at thy holy side.
    They saw thee, Agathè! and go to bring
    Fair worshippers, and many a poet-king,
    To utter music at thy pearly feet.--
    Now, wake thee! for the moonlight cometh sweet,
    To visit in thy temple of the sea;
    Thy sister moon is watching over thee!
    And she is spreading a fair mantle of
    Pure silver, in thy lonely palace, love!--
    Now, wake thee! for the sea-bird is aloof,
    In solitude, below the starry roof;
    And on its dewy plume there is a light
    Of palest splendour, o'er the blessed night.
    Thy spirit, Agathè!--and yet, thou art
    Beside me, and my solitary heart
    Is throbbing near to thee: I must not feel
    The sweet notes of thy holy music steal
    Into my feverous and burning brain,--
    So wake not! and I'll hush thee with a strain
    Of my wild fancy, till thou dream of me,
    And I be loved as I have loved thee:--


    'Tis light to love thee living, girl, when hope is full and fair,
    In the springtide of thy beauty, when there is no sorrow there--
    No sorrow on thy brow, and no shadow on thy heart!
    When, like a floating sea-bird, bright and beautiful thou art!

    'Tis light to love thee living, girl--to see thee ever so,
    With health, that, like a crimson flower, lies blushing in the snow;
    And thy tresses falling over, like the amber on the pearl--
    Oh! true it is a lightsome thing, to love thee living, girl!

    But when the brow is blighted, like a star of morning tide,
    And faded is the crimson blush upon the cheek beside;
    It is to love, as seldom love, the brightest and the best,
    When our love lies like a dew upon the one that is at rest.

    Because of hopes, that, fallen, are changing to despair,
    And the heart is always dreaming on the ruin that is there,
    Oh, true! 'tis weary, weary, to be gazing over thee,
    And the light of thy pure vision breaketh never upon me!

    He lifts her in his arms, and o'er and o'er,
    Upon the brow of chilliness and hoar,
    Repeats a silent kiss;--along the side
    Of the lone bark, he leans that pallid bride,
    Until the waves do image her within
    Their bosom, like a spectre--'Tis a sin
    Too deadly to be shadow'd or forgiven,
    To do such mockery in the sight of Heaven!
    And bid her gaze into the startled sea,
    And say, "Thy image, from eternity,
    Hath come to meet thee, ladye!" and anon,
    He bade the cold corse kiss the shadowy one,
    That shook amid the waters, like the light
    Of borealis in a winter night!

    And after, he did strain her sea-wet hair
    Between his chilly fingers, with a stare
    Of mystery, that marvell'd how that she
    Had drench'd it so amid the moonlit sea.
    The morning rose, with breast of living gold,
    Like eastern phoenix, and his plumage roll'd
    In clouds of molted brilliance, very bright!
    And on the waste of waters floated light.--

    In truth, 'twas strange to see that merry bark
    Skimming the silver ocean, like a shark
    At play amid the beautiful sea-green,
    And all so sadly desolate within.

    And hours flew after hours, a weary length,
    Until the sunlight, in meridian strength,
    Threw burning floods upon the wasted brow
    Of that sea-hermit mariner; and now
    He felt the fire-light feed upon his brain,
    And started with intensity of pain,
    And wash'd him in the sea; it only brought
    Wild reason, like a demon, and he thought
    Strange thoughts, like dreaming men--he thought how those
    Were round him he had seen, and many rose
    His heart had hated; every billow threw
    Features before him, and pale faces grew
    Out of the sea by myriads:--the self-same
    Was moulded from its image, and they came
    In groups together, and all said, like one,
    "Be cursed!" and vanish'd in the deep anon.
    Then thirst, intolerable as the breath
    Of Upas, fanning the wild wings of death,
    Crept up his very gorge,--like to a snake,
    That stifled him, and bade the pulses ache
    Through all the boiling current of his blood.
    It was a thirst, that let the fever flood
    Fall over him, and gave a ghastly hue
    To his cramp'd lips, until their breathing grew
    White as a mist, and short, and like a sigh,
    Heaved with a struggle, till it falter'd by.

    And ever he did look upon the corse
    With idiot visage, like the hag Remorse
    That gloateth over on a nameless deed
    Of darkness and of dole unhistoried.
    And were there that might hear him, they would hear
    The murmur of a prayer in deep fear,
    Through unbarr'd lips, escaping by the half,
    And all but smother'd by a maniac laugh,
    That follow'd it, so sudden and so shrill,
    That swarms of sea-birds, wandering at will
    Upon the wave, rose startled, and away
    Went flocking, like a silver shower of spray!
    And aye he called for water, and the sea
    Mock'd him with his brine surges tauntingly,
    And lash'd them over on his fev'rous brow,
    Volleying roars of curses:--"Stay thee, now,
    Avenger! lest I die; for I am worn
    Fainter than star-light at the birth of morn;
    Stay thee, great angel! for I am not shriven,
    But frantic as thyself: Oh Heaven! Heaven!
    But thou hast made me brother of the sea,
    That I may tremble at his tyranny;
    Or am I slave? a very, very jest
    To the sarcastic waters? let me breast
    The base insulters, and defy them so,
    In this lone little skiff--I am your foe!
    Ye raving, lion-like, and ramping seas,
    That open up your nostrils to the breeze,
    And fain would swallow me! Do ye not fly,
    Pale, sick, and gurgling, as I pass you by?"

    "Lift up! and let me see, that I may tell
    Ye can be mad, and strange, and terrible;
    That ye have power, and passion, and a sound
    As of the flying of an angel round
    The mighty world; that ye are one with time,
    And in the great primordium sublime
    Were nursed together, as an infant-twain,--
    A glory and a wonder! I would fain
    Hold truce, thou elder brother! for we are,
    In feature, as the sun is to a star,
    So are we like, and we are touch'd in tune
    With lunacy as music; and the moon,
    That setteth the tides sentinel before
    Thy camp of waters, on the pebbled shore,
    And measures their great footsteps to and fro,
    Hath lifted up into my brain the flow
    Of this mad tide of blood.--Ay! we are like
    In foam and frenzy; the same winds do strike,
    The same fierce sun-rays, from their battlement
    Of fire! so, when I perish impotent
    Before the night of death, they'll say of me,
    He died as mad and frantic, as the sea!"

    A cloud stood for the east, a cloud like night,
    Like a huge vulture, and the blessed light
    Of the great sun grew shadow'd awfully:
    It seem'd to mount up from the mighty sea,
    Shaking the showers from its solemn wings,
    And grew, and grew, and many a myriad springs,
    Were on its bosom, teeming full of rain.
    There fell a terrible and wizard chain
    Of lightning, from its black and heated forge,
    And the dark waters took it to their gorge,
    And lifted up their shaggy flanks in wonder
    With rival chorus to the peal of thunder,
    That wheel'd in many a squadron terrible
    The stern black clouds, and as they rose and fell
    They oozed great showers; and Julio held up
    His wasted hands, in likeness of a cup,
    And drank the blessed waters, and they roll'd
    Upon his cheeks like tears, but sadly cold!--
    'Twas very strange to look on Agathè!
    How the quick lightnings, in their elfin play,
    Stream'd pale upon her features, and they were
    Sickly, like tapers in a sepulchre!

    The ship! that self same ship, that Julio knew
    Had pass'd him, with her panic-stricken crew,
    She gleams amid the storm, a shatter'd thing
    Of pride and lordly beauty: her fair wing
    Of sail is wounded--the proud pennon gone:
    Dark, dark she sweepeth like an eagle, on
    Through waters that are battling to and fro,
    And tossing their great giant shrouds of snow
    Over her deck. Ahead, and there is seen
    A black, strange line of breakers, down between
    The awful surges, lifting up their manes,
    Like great sea lions. Quick and high she strains
    Her foaming keel--that solitary ship!
    As if, in all her frenzy, she would leap
    The cursed barrier; forward, fast and fast--
    Back, back she reels; her timbers and her mast
    Split in a thousand shivers! A white spring
    Of the exulted sea rose bantering
    Over her ruin; and the mighty crew,
    That mann'd her decks, were seen, a straggling few,
    Far scatter'd on the surges. Julio felt
    The impulse of that hour, and low he knelt,
    Within his own light bark--a prayful man!
    And clasp'd his lifeless bride; and to her wan,
    Cold cheek did lay his melancholy brow.--
    "Save thou a mariner!" He starteth now
    To hear that dying cry; and there is one,
    All worn and wave-wet, by his bark anon,
    Clinging, in terror of the ireful sea,
    A fair hair'd mariner! But suddenly
    He saw the pale dead ladye, by a flame
    Of blue and livid lightning, and there came
    Over his features blindness, and the power
    Of his strong hands grew weak,--a giant shower
    Of foam rose up, and swept him far along;
    And Julio saw him buffeting the throng
    Of the great eddying waters, till they went
    Over him--a wind-shaken cerement!

    Then terribly he laugh'd, and rose above
    His soul-less bride--the ladye of his love
    Lifting him up, in all his wizard glee;
    And he did wave, before the frantic sea,
    His wasted arm. "Adieu! adieu! adieu!
    Thou sawest how we were; thou sawest, too,
    Thou wert not so; for in the inmost shrine
    Of my deep heart are thoughts that are not thine.
    And thou art gone, fair mariner! in foam
    And music-murmurs, to thy blessed home--
    Adieu! adieu! Thou sawest how that she
    Sleeps in her holy beauty, tranquilly;
    And when the fair and floating vision breaks
    From her pure brow, and Agathè awakes--
    Till then, we meet not; so adieu, adieu!"
    Still on before the sullen tempest flew,
    Fast as a meteor star, the lonely bark:
    And Julio bent over to the dark,
    The solitary sea, for close beside
    Floated the stringed harp of one that died
    In that wild shipwreck, and he drew it home,
    With madness, to his bosom: the white foam
    Was o'er its strings; and on the streaming sail
    He wiped them, running, with his fingers pale,
    Along the tuneless notes, that only gave
    Seldom responses to his wandering stave!



    Jewel! that lay before the heart
      Of some romantic boy,
    And startled music in her home,
      Of mystery and joy!


    The image of his love was there;
      And, with her golden wings,
    She swept her tone of sorrow from
      Thy melancholy strings!


    We drew thee, as an orphan one,
      From waters that had cast
    No music round thee, as they went
      In their pale beauty past.


    No music but the changeless sigh--
      That murmur of their own,
    That loves not blending in the thrill
      Of thine aerial tone.


    The girl that slumbers at our side
      Will dream how they are bent,
    That love her even as they love
      Thy blessed instrument.


    And music, like a flood, will break
      Upon the fairy throne
    Of her pure heart, all glowing, like
      A morning star, alone!


    Alone, but for the song of him
      That waketh by her side,
    And strikes thy chords of silver to
      His fair and sea-borne bride.


    Jewel! that hung before the heart
      Of some romantic boy;
    Like him, I sweep thee with a storm
      Of music and of joy!

    And Julio placed the trembling harp before
    The ladye, till the minstrel winds came o'er
    Its moisten'd strings, and tuned them with a sigh.
    "I hear thee, how thy spirit goeth by,
    In music and in love. Oh Agathè!
    Thou sleepest long, long, long; and they will say
    That seek thee,--'She is dead--she is no more!'
    But thou art cold, and I will throw before
    Thy chilly brow the pale and snowy sheet."
    And he did lift it from her marble feet,
    The sea-wet shroud! and flung it silently
    Over her brow--the brow of Agathè!

    But, as a passion from the mooded mind,
    The storm had died, and wearily the wind
    Fell fast asleep at evening, like one
    That hath been toiling in the fiery sun.
    And the white sail dropt downward, as the wing
    Of wounded sea-bird, feebly murmuring
    Unto the mast. It was a deathly calm,
    And holy stillness, like a shadow, swam
    All over the wide sea, and the boat stood.
    Like her of Sodom, in the solitude,
    A snowy pillar, looking on the waste.
    And there was nothing but the azure breast
    Of ocean and the sky--the sea and sky,
    And the lone bark; no clouds were floating by
    Where the sun set, but his great seraph light,
    Went down alone, in majesty and might;
    And the stars came again, a silver troop,
    Until, in shame, the coward shadows droop
    Before the radiance of these holy gems,
    That bear the images of diadems!

    And Julio fancied of a form that rose
    Before him from the desolate repose
    Of the deep waters--a huge ghastly form,
    As of one lightning-stricken in a storm;
    And leprosy cadaverous was hung
    Before his brow, and awful terror flung
    Around him like a pall--a solemn shroud!--
    A drapery of darkness and of cloud!
    And agony was writhing on his lip,
    Heart-rooted, awful agony and deep,
    Of fevers, and of plagues, and burning blain,
    And ague, and the palsy of the brain--
    A wierd and yellow spectre! And his eyes
    Were orbless and unpupil'd, as the skies
    Without the sun, or moon, or any star:
    And he was like the wreck of what men are,--
    A wasted skeleton, that held the crest
    Of Time, and bore his motto on his breast!

    There came a group before of maladies,
    And griefs, and Famine empty as a breeze,--
    A double monster, with a gloating leer
    Fix'd on his other half. They drew them near,
    One after one, led onward by Despair,
    That like the last of winter glimmer'd there,--
    A dismal prologue to his brother Death,
    Which was behind, and, with the horrid breath
    Of his wide baneful nostrils, plied them on.
    And often as they saw the skeleton
    Grisly beside them, the wild phantasies
    Grew mad and howl'd; the fever of disease
    Became wild frenzy--very terrible!
    And, for a hell of agony--a hell
    Of rage, was there, that fed on misty things,
    On dreams, ideas, and imaginings.

    And some were raving on philosophy,
    And some on love, and some on jealousy,
    And some upon the moon; and these were they
    That were the wildest; and anon alway
    Julio knew them by a something dim
    About their wasted features like to him!

    But Death was by, like shell of pyramid
    Among old obelisks, and his eyeless head
    Shook o'er the wiery ribs, where darkness lay
    The image of a heart--He is away!
    And Julio is watching, like Remorse,
    Over the pale and solitary corse!

    Shower soft light, ye stars, that shake the dew
    From your eternal blossoms! and thou, too,
    Moon! minded of thy power, tide-bearing queen!
    That hast a slave and votary within
    The great rock-fetter'd deeps, and hearest cry
    To thee the hungry surges, rushing by
    Like a vast herd of wolves,--fall full and fair
    On Julio as he sleepeth, even there,
    Amid the suppliant bosom of the sea!--
    Sleep! dost thou come, and on thy blessed knee
    With hush and whisper lull the troubled brain
    Of this death-lover?--Still the eyes do strain
    Their orbs on Agathè--those raven eyes!
    All earnest on the ladye as she lies
    In her white shroud. They see not, though they are
    As if they saw; no splendour like a star
    Is under their dark lashes: they are full
    Of dream and slumber--melancholy, dull!

       *       *       *       *       *

    A wide, wide sea! and on its rear and van
    Amid the stars, the silent meteors ran
    All that still night, and Julio with a cry
    Woke up, and saw them flashing fiercely by.

       *       *       *       *       *

    Full three times three, its awful veil of night
    Hath Heaven hung before the blessed light;
    And a fair breeze falls o'er the sleeping sea,
    Where Julio is watching Agathè!
    By sun and darkness hath he bent him over--
    A mad, moon-stricken, melancholy lover!

    And hardly hath he tasted, night or day,
    Of drink or food, because of Agathè!
    He sitteth in a dull and dreary mood,
    Like statue in a ruin'd solitude,
    Bearing the brent of sunlight and of shade
    Over the marble of some colonnade.

    The ladye, she hath lost the pearly hue
    Upon her gorgeous brow, where tresses grew
    Luxuriantly as thoughts of tenderness,
    That once were floating in the pure recess
    Of her bright soul. These are not as they were,
    But are as weeds above a sepulchre,
    Wild waving in the breeze: her eyes are now
    Sunk deeply under the discolour'd brow,
    That is of sickly yellow, and pale blue,
    Unnaturally blending. The same hue
    Is on her cheek: it is the early breath
    Of cold Corruption, the ban dog of Death,
    Falling upon her features.--Let it be,
    And gaze awhile on Julio, as he
    Is gazing on the corse of Agathè!

    In truth, he seemeth like no living one,
    But is the image of a skeleton:
    A fearful portrait from the artist tool
    Of Madness--terrible and wonderful!

    There was no passion there--no feeling traced
    Under those eyelids, where had run to waste,
    All that was wild, or beautiful, or bright;
    A very cloud was cast upon their light,
    That gave to them the heavy hue of lead;
    And they were lorn, and lustreless, and dead!
    He sate like vulture from the mountains gray,
    Unsated, that had flown full many a day
    O'er distant land and sea, and was in pride
    Alighted by the lonely ladye's side.

    He sate like winter o'er the wasted year--
    Like melancholy winter, drawing near
    To its own death.--"Oh me! the worm, at last,
    Will gorge upon me, and the autumn blast
    Howl by!--Where?--where?--there is no worm to creep
    Amid the waters of the lonely deep;
    But I will take me Agathè upon
    This sorrowful, sore bosom, and anon,
    Down, down, through azure silence, we shall go,
    Unepitaph'd, to cities far below;
    Where the sea triton, with his winding shell,
    Shall sound our blessed welcome. We shall dwell
    With many a mariner in his pearly home,
    In bowers of amber weed and silver foam,
    Amid the crimson corals; we shall be
    Together, Agathè! fair Agathè!--
    But thou art sickly, ladye--thou art sad;
    And I am weary, ladye--I am mad!
    They bring no food to feed us, and I feel
    A frost upon my vitals, very chill,
    Like winter breaking on the golden year
    Of life. This bark shall be our floating bier,
    And the dark waves our mourners; and the white,
    Pure swarm of sunny sea birds, basking bright
    On some far isle, shall sorrowfully pour
    Their wail of melancholy o'er and o'er,
    At evening, on the waters of the sea,--
    While, with its solemn burden, silently,
    Floats forward our lone bark.--Oh, Agathè!
    Methinks that I shall meet thee far away,
    Within the awful centre of the earth,
    Where, earliest, we had our holy birth--
    In some huge cavern, arching wide below,
    Upon whose airy pivot, years ago,
    The world went round: 'tis infinitely deep,
    But never dismal; for above it sleep,
    And under it, blue waters, hung aloof,
    And held below,--an amethystine roof,
    A sapphire pavement; and the golden sun,
    Afar, looks through alternately, like one
    That watches round some treasure: often, too,
    Through many a mile of ocean, sparkling through,
    Are seen the stars and moon, all gloriously,
    Bathing their angel brilliance in the sea!"

    "And there are shafted pillars, that beyond,
    Are ranged before a rock of diamond,
    Awfully heaving its eternal heights,
    From base of silver strewn with chrysolites;
    And over it are chasms of glory seen,
    With crimson rubies clustering between,
    On sward of emerald, with leaves of pearl,
    And topazes hung brilliantly on beryl.
    So Agathè!--but thou art sickly sad,
    And tellest me, poor Julio is mad--
    Ay, mad!--was he not madder when he sware
    A vow to Heaven? was there no madness there,
    That he should do--for why?--a holy string
    Of penances? No penances will bring
    The stricken conscience to the blessed light
    Of peace,--Oh! I am lost, and there is night,
    Despair and darkness, darkness and despair,
    And want, that hunts me to the lion-lair
    Of wild perdition: and I hear them all--
    All cursing me! The very sun-rays fall
    In curses, and the shadow of the moon,
    And the pale star light, and the winds that tune
    Their voices to the music of the sea,--
    And thou,--yes, thou! my gentle Agathè!--
    All curse me!--Oh! that I were never, never!--
    Or but a breathless fancy, that was ever
    Adrift upon the wilderness of Time,
    That knew no impulse, but was left sublime
    To play at its own will!--that I were hush'd
    At night by silver cataracts, that gush'd
    Through flowers of fairy hue, and then to die
    Away, with all before me passing by,
    Like a fair vision I had lived to see,
    And died to see no more!--It cannot be!
    By this right hand! I feel it is not so,
    And by the beating of a heart below,
    That strangely feareth for eternity!"

    He said, and gazing on the lonely sea,
    Far off he saw, like an ascending cloud,
    To westward, a bright island, lifted proud
    Amid the struggling waters, and the light
    Of the great sun was on its clifted height,
    Scattering golden shadow, like a mirror;
    But the gigantic billows sprung in terror
    Upon its rock-built and eternal shore,
    With silver foams that fell in fury o'er
    A thousand sunny breakers. Far above,
    There stood a wild and solitary grove
    Of aged pines, all leafless but their brows,
    Where a green group of tempest-stricken boughs
    Was waving now and then, and to and fro,
    And the pale moss was clustering below.

    Then Julio saw, and bent his head away
    To the cold wasted corse of Agathè,
    And sigh'd; but ever he would turn again
    A gaze to that green island on the main.

    The bark is drifting through the surf, beside
    Its rocks of gray upon the coming tide;
    And lightly is it stranded on the shore
    Of pure and silver shells, that lie before,
    Glittering in the glory of the sun;
    And Julio hath landed him, like one
    That aileth of some wild and weary pest;
    And Agathè is folded on his breast,--
    A faded flower! with all the vernal dews
    From its bright blossom shaken, and the hues
    Become as colourless as twilight air--
    I marvel much, that she was ever fair!


    Another moon! and over the blue night
    She bendeth, like a holy spirit bright,
    Through stars that veil them in their wings of gold;
    As on she floateth with her image cold
    Enamell'd on the deep. A sail of cloud
    Is to her left, majestically proud!
    Trailing its silver drapery away
    In thin and fairy webs, that are at play
    Like stormless waves upon a summer sea
    Dragging their length of waters lazily.

    Ay! to the rocks! and thou wilt see, I wist,
    A lonely one, that bendeth in the mist
    Of moonlight, with a wild and raven pall
    Flung round him. Is he mortal man at all?
    For, by the meagre fire-light that is under
    Those eyelids, and the vizor shade of wonder
    Falling upon his features, I would guess,
    Of one that wanders out of blessedness!
    Julio! raise thee!--By the holy mass!
    I wot not of the fearless one would pass
    Thy wizard shadow. Where the raven hair
    Was shorn before, in many a matted layer
    It lieth now; and on a rock beside
    The sea, like merman at the ebb of tide,
    Feasting his wondrous vision on Decay,
    So art thou gazing over Agathè!

    Ah me! but this is never the fair girl,
    With brow of light, as lovely as a pearl,
    That was as beautiful as is the form
    Of sea-bird at the breaking of a storm.
    The eye is open, with convulsive strain--
    A most unfleshly orb! the stars that wane
    Have nothing of its hue; for it is cast
    With sickly blood, and terribly aghast!
    And sunken in its socket, like the light
    Of a red taper in the lonely night!
    And there is not a braid of her bright hair
    But lieth floating in the moonlight air,
    Like the long moss, beside a silver spring,
    In elfin tresses, sadly murmuring.
    The worm hath 'gan to crawl upon her brow--
    The living worm! and with a ripple now,
    Like that upon the sea, are heard below,
    The slimy swarms all ravening as they go,
    Amid the stagnate vitals, with a rush;
    And one might hear them echoing the hush
    Of Julio, as he watches by the side
    Of the dead ladye, his betrothed bride!

    And, ever and anon, a yellow group
    Was creeping on her bosom, like a troop
    Of stars, far up amid the galaxy,
    Pale, pale, as snowy showers; and two or three
    Were mocking the cold finger, round and round,
    With likeness of a ring; and, as they wound
    About its bony girth, they had the hue
    Of pearly jewels glistering in dew.
    That deathly stare! it is an awful thing
    To gaze upon; and sickly thoughts will spring
    Before it to the heart: it telleth how
    There must be waste where there is beauty now.
    The chalk! the chalk! where was the virgin snow
    Of that once heaving bosom!--even so,--
    The cold pale dewy chalk, with yellow shade
    Amid the leprous hues; and o'er it played
    The straggling moonlight, and the merry breeze,
    Like two fair elves, that, by the murmuring seas,
    Woo'd smilingly together; but there fell
    No life-gleam on the brow, all terrible
    Becoming, through its beauty, like a cloud
    That waneth paler even than a shroud,
    All gorgeous and all glorious before;
    For waste, like to the wanton night, was o'er
    Her virgin features, stealing them away--
    Ah me! ah me! and this is Agathè?

    "Enough! enough! Oh God! but I have pray'd
    To thee, in early daylight and in shade,
    And the mad curse is on me still--and still!
    I cannot alter the Eternal will--
    But--but--I hate thee, Agathè! I hate
    What lunacy hath bade me consecrate:
    I am _not_ mad!--_not now!_--I do not feel
    That slumberous and blessed opiate steal
    Up to my brain--Oh! that it only would,
    To people this eternal solitude
    With fancies, and fair dreams, and summer mirth,
    Which is not now--And yet, my mother earth,
    I would not love to lie above thee so,
    As Agathè lies there--oh! no! no! no!
    To have these clay-worms feast upon my heart!
    And all the light of being, to depart
    Into a dismal shadow! I could die
    As the red lightnings, quenching amid sky
    Their wild and wizard breath; I could away,
    Like a blue billow, bursting into spray;
    But, never--never have corruption here,
    To feed her worms, and let the sunlight jeer
    Above me so.--'Tis thou!--I owe thee, Moon,
    To-night's fair worship; so be lifting soon
    Thy veil of clouds, that I may kneel, as one
    That seeketh for thy virgin benison!"

    He gathers the cold limpets, as they creep
    On the grey rocks beside the lonely deep;
    And with a flint breaks through into the shell,
    And feeds him--by the mass! he feasteth well.
    And he hath lifted water in a clam,
    And tasted sweetly, from a stream that swam
    Down to the sea; and now is turn'd away,
    Again, again, to gaze on Agathè!

    There is a cave upon that isle--a cave
    Where dwelt a hermit man; the winter wave
    Roll'd to its entrance, casting a bright mound
    Of snowy shells and fairy pebbles round;
    And over were the solemn ridges strewn
    Of a dark rock, that, like the wizard throne
    Of some sea-monarch, stood, and from it hung
    Wild thorn and bramble, in confusion flung
    Amid the startling crevices--like sky,
    Through gloom of clouds, that sweep in thunder by.
    A cataract fell over, in a streak
    Of silver, playing many a wanton freak;
    Midway, and musical, with elfin glee
    It bounded in its beauty to the sea,
    Like dazzling angel vanishing away.
    In sooth, 'twas pleasant in the moonlight gray
    To see that fairy fountain leaping so,
    Like one that knew not wickedness nor woe!

    The hermit had his cross and rosary;
    I ween like other hermits, so was he;
    A holy man, and frugal, and at night
    He prayed, or slept, or, sometimes, by the light
    Of the fair moon, went wandering beside
    The lonely sea, to hear the silver tide
    Rolling in gleesome music to the shore:
    The more he heard, he loved to hear the more.
    And there he is, his hoary beard adrift
    To the night winds, that sportingly do lift
    Its snow-white tresses; and he leaneth on
    A rugged staff, all weakly and alone,
    A childless, friendless man!

                                 He is beside
    The ghastly Julio, and his ghastlier bride.
    'Twas wondrous strange to gaze upon the two!
    And the old hermit felt a throbbing through
    His pulses:--"Holy virgin! save me, save!"
    He deem'd of spectre from the midnight wave,
    And cross'd him thrice, and pray'd, and pray'd again:--
    "Hence! hence!" and Julio started, as the strain
    Of exorcisms fell faintly on his ear:--
    "I knew thee, father, that thou beest here,
    To gaze upon this girl, as I have been.
    By yonder moon! it was a frantic sin
    To worship so an image of the clay;
    It was like beauty--but is now away--
    What lived upon her features, like the light
    On yonder cloud, all tender and all bright;
    But it is faded as the other must,
    And she that was all beauty, is all dust."

    "Father! thy hand upon this brow of mine,
    And tell me, is it cold?--But she will twine
    No wreath upon these temples,--never, never!
    For there she lieth, like a streamless river
    That stagnates in its bed. Feel, feel me, here,
    If I be madly throbbing in the fear
    For that cold slimy worm. Ay! look and see
    How dotingly it feeds, how pleasantly!
    And where it is, have been the living hues
    Of beauty, purer than the very dews.
    So, father! seest thou that yonder moon
    Will be on wane to-morrow, soon and soon?
    And I, that feel my being wear away,
    Shall droop beside to darkness; so, but say
    A prayer for the dead, when I am gone,
    And let the azure tide that floweth on
    Cover us lightly with its murmuring surf
    Like a green sward of melancholy turf.
    Thou mayest, if thou wilt, thou mayest rear
    A cenotaph on this lone island here,
    Of some rude mossy stone, below a tree,
    And carve an olden rhyme for her and me
    Upon its brow."

                   He bends, and gazes yet
    Before his ghastly bride! the anchoret
    Sate by him, and hath press'd a cross of wood
    To his wan lips.

       *       *       *       *       *

    "My son! look up and tell thy dismal tale.
    Thou seemest cold, and sorrowful, and pale.
    Alas! I fear but thou hast strangely been
    A child of curse, and misery, and sin.
    And this--is she thy sister?"--"Nay! my bride."
    "A nun! and thou:"--"True, true! but then she died,
    And was a virgin, and is virgin still,
    Chaste as the moon, that taketh her pure fill
    Of light from the great sun. But now, go by,
    And leave me to my madness, or to die!
    This heart, this brain are sore.--Come, come, and fold
    Me round, ye hydra billows! wrapt in gold,
    That are so writhing your eternal gyres
    Before the moon, which, with a myriad tiars
    Is crowning you, as ye do fall and kiss
    Her pearly feet, that glide in blessedness!
    Let me be torture-eaten, ere I die!
    Let me be mangled sore with agony!
    And be so cursed, so stricken by the spell
    Of my heart's frenzy, that a living hell
    Be burning there!--Back! back! if thou art mad--
    Methought thou wast, but thou art only sad.
    Is this thy child, old man? look, look, and see!
    In truth it is a piteous thing for thee
    To become childless--Well-a-well, go by!
    Is there no grave? The quiet sea is nigh,
    And I will bury her below the moon;
    It may be but a trance or midnight swoon,
    And she may wake. Wake, ladye! ha! methought
    It was like _her_--Like her! and is it not?
    My angel girl! my brain, my stricken brain!--
    I know thee now!--I know myself again."

    He flings him on the ladye, and anon,
    With loathly shudder, from that wither'd one
    Hath torn him back. "Oh me! no more--no more!
    Thou virgin mother! Is the dream not o'er,
    That I have dreamt, but I must dream again
    For moons together, till this weary brain
    Become distemper'd as the winter sea?
    Good father! give me blessing; let it be
    Upon me as the dew upon the moss.
    Oh me! but I have made the holy cross
    A curse, and not a blessing! let me kiss
    The sacred symbol; for, by this--by this!
    I sware, and sware again, as now I will--
    Thou Heaven! if there be bounty in thee still,
    If thou wilt hear, and minister, and bring
    The light of comfort on some angel wing
    To one that lieth lone, do--do it now;
    By all the stars that open on thy brow
    Like silver flowers! and by the herald moon
    That listeth to be forth at nightly noon,
    Jousting the clouds, I swear! and be it true,
    As I have perjured me, that I renew
    Allegiance to thy God, and bind me o'er
    To this same penance, I have done before!
    That night and day I watch, as I have been
    Long watching, o'er the partner of my sin!
    That I taste never the delight of food,
    But these wild shell-fish, that may make the mood
    Of madness stronger, till it grapple Death--

                        He saith, he saith,
    And, on the jaundiced bosom of the corse,
    Lieth all frenzied; one would see Remorse,
    And hopeless Love, and Hatred, struggling there,
    And Lunacy, that lightens up Despair,
    And makes a gladness out of agony.
    Pale phantom! I would fear and worship thee,
    That hast the soul at will, and gives it play,
    Amid the wildest fancies far away;
    That thronest Reason, on some wizard throne
    Of fairy land, within the milky zone,--
    Some spectre star, that glittereth beyond
    The glorious galaxies of diamond.

    Beautiful Lunacy! that shapest flight
    For love to blessed bowers of delight,
    And buildest holy monarchies within
    The fancy, till the very heart is queen
    Of all her golden wishes. Lunacy!
    Thou empress of the passions! though they be
    A sister group of wild, unearthly forms,
    Like lightnings playing in their home of storms!
    I see thee, striking at the silver strings
    Of the pure heart, and holy music springs
    Before thy touch, in many a solemn strain,
    Like that of sea-waves rolling from the main!

    But say, is Melancholy by thy side,
    With tresses in a raven shower, that hide
    Her pale and weeping features? Is she never
    Flowing before thee, like a gloomy river,
    The sister of thyself? but cold and chill,
    And winter-born, and sorrowfully still,
    And not like thee, that art in merry mood,
    And frolicksome amid thy solitude!

    Fair Lunacy! I see thee, with a crown
    Of hawthorn and sweet daisies, bending down
    To mirror thy young image in a spring;
    And thou wilt kiss that shadow of a thing
    As soul-less as thyself. 'Tis tender, too,
    The smile that meeteth thine! the holy hue
    Of health! the pearly radiance of the brow!
    All, all as tender--beautiful as thou!

    And wilt thou say, my sister, there is none
    Will answer thee? Thou art--thou art alone,
    A pure, pure being! but the God on high
    Is with thee ever, as thou goest by.

    Thou poetess! that harpest to the moon,
    And, in soft concert to the silver tune
    Of waters, play'd on by the magic wind,
    As he comes streaming, with his hair untwined,
    Dost sing light strains of melody and mirth,--
    I hear thee, hymning on thy holy birth,
    How thou wert moulded of thy mother Love,
    That came, like seraph, from the stars above,
    And was so sadly wedded unto Sin,
    That thou wert born, and Sorrow was thy twin.
    Sorrow and mirthful Lunacy! that be
    Together link'd for time, I deem of ye
    That ye are worshipp'd as none others are,--
    One as a lonely shadow, one a star!

    Is Julio glad, that bendeth, even now,
    To his wild purpose, to his holy vow?
    He seeth only in his ladye-bride
    The image of the laughing girl, that died
    A moon before--The same, the very same--
    The Agathè that lisp'd her lover's name,
    To him and to her heart: that azure eye,
    That shone through sunny tresses, waving by;
    The brow, the cheek, that blush'd of fire and snow,
    Both blending into one ethereal glow;
    And that same breathing radiancy, that swam
    Around her, like a pure and blessed calm
    Around some halcyon bird. And, as he kiss'd
    Her wormy lips, he felt that he was blest!
    He felt her holy being stealing through
    His own, like fountains of the azure dew,
    That summer mingles with his golden light;
    And he would clasp her, till the weary night
    Was worn away.

       *       *       *       *       *

                    And morning rose in form
    Of heavy clouds, that knitted into storm
    The brow of Heaven, and through her lips the wind
    Came rolling westward, with a track behind
    Of gloomy billows, bursting on the sea,
    All rampant, like great lions terribly,
    And gnashing on each other: and anon,
    Julio heard them, rushing one by one,
    And laugh'd and turn'd.--The hermit was away,
    For he was old and weary, and he lay
    Within his cave, and thought it was a dream,
    A summer's dream? and so the quiet stream
    Of sleep came o'er his eyelids, and in truth
    He dreamt of that strange ladye, and the youth
    That held a death-wake on her wasting form;
    And so he slept and woke not, till the storm
    Was over.

               But they came,--the wind and sea,
    And rain and thunder, that in giant glee,
    Sang o'er the lightnings pale, as to and fro
    They writhed, like stricken angels!--White as snow
    Roll'd billow after billow, and the tide
    Came forward as an army deep and wide,
    To charge with all its waters. There was heard
    A murmur far and far, of those that stirr'd
    Within the great encampment of the sea,
    And dark they were, and lifted terribly
    Their water-spouts like banners. It was grand
    To see the black battalions, hand in hand
    Striding to conflict, and their helmets bent
    Below their foamy plumes magnificent!

    And Julio heard and laugh'd, "Shall I be king
    To your great hosts, that ye are murmuring
    For one to bear you to your holy war?
    There is no sun, or moon, or any star,
    To guide your iron footsteps as ye go;
    But I, your king, will marshal you to flow
    From shore to shore. Then bring my car of shell,
    That I may ride before you terrible;
    And bring my sceptre of the amber weed,
    And Agathè, my virgin bride, shall lead
    Your summer hosts, when these are ambling low,
    In azure and in ermine, to and fro."
    He said, and madly, with his wasted hand,
    Swept o'er the tuneless harp, and fast he spann'd
    The silver chords, until a rush of sound
    Came from them, solemn--terrible--profound;
    And then he dash'd the instrument away
    Into the waters, and the giant play
    Of billows threw it back unto the shore,
    A shiver'd, stringless frame--its day of music o'er!
    The tide, the rolling tide! the multitude
    Of the sea surges, terrible and rude,
    Tossing their chalky foam along the bed
    Of thundering pebbles, that are shoring dread,
    And fast retreating to the gloomy gorge
    Of waters, sounding like a Titan forge!

    It comes! it comes! the tide, the rolling tide!
    But Julio is bending to his bride,
    And making mirthful whispers to her ear.
    A cataract! a cataract is near,
    Of one stupendous billow, and it breaks
    Terribly furious, with a myriad flakes
    Of foam, that fly about the haggard twain;
    And Julio started, with a sudden pain,
    That shot into his heart; his reason flew
    Back to its throne; he rose, and wildly threw
    His matted tresses over on his brow.
    Another billow came, and even now
    Was dashing at his feet. There was no shade
    Of terror, as the serpent waters play'd
    Before him, but his eye was calm as death.
    Another, yet another! and the breath
    Of the weird wind was with it; like a rock
    Unriveted it fell--a shroud of smoke
    Pass'd over--there was heard, and died away,
    The voice of one, shrill shrieking, "Agathè!"

    The sea-bird sitteth lonely by the side
    Of the far waste of waters, flapping wide
    His wet and weary wings; but _he_ is gone,
    The stricken Julio!--a wave-swept stone
    Stands there, on which he sat, and nakedly
    It rises looking to the lonely sea;
    But Julio is gone, and Agathè!
    The waters swept them madly to their core,--
    The dead and living with a frantic roar!
    And so he died, his bosom fondly set
    On her's; and round her clay-cold waist were met
    His bare and wither'd arms, and to her brow
    His lips were press'd. Both, both are perish'd now!

    He died upon her bosom in a swoon;
    And fancied of the pale and silver moon,
    That went before him in her hall of blue:
    He died like golden insect in the dew,
    Calm, calm, and pure; and not a chord was rung
    In his deep heart, but love. He perish'd young,
    But perish'd, wasted by some fatal flame
    That fed upon his vitals; and there came
    Lunacy sweeping lightly, like a stream,
    Along his brain--He perish'd in a dream!

                      In sooth, I marvel not,
    If death be only a mysterious thought,
    That cometh on the heart, and turns the brow
    Brightless and chill, as Julio's is now;
    For only had the wasting struggle been
    Of one wild feeling, till it rose within
    Into the form of death, and nature felt
    The light of the immortal being melt
    Into its happier home, beyond the sea,
    And moon, and stars, into eternity!

    The sun broke through his dungeon long enthrall'd
    By dismal cloud, and on the emerald
    Of the great living sea was blazing down,
    To gift the lordly billows with a crown
    Of diamond and silver. From his cave
    The hermit came, and by the dying wave
    Lone wander'd, and he found upon the sand,
    Below a truss of sea-weed, with his hand
    Around the silent waist of Agathè,
    The corse of Julio! Pale, pale, it lay
    Beside the wasted girl. The fireless eye
    Was open, and a jewell'd rosary
    Hung round the neck; but it was gone,--the cross
    That Agathè had given.

                            Amid the moss,
    The hermit scoop'd a solitary grave
    Below the pine-trees, and he sang a stave,
    Or two, or three, of some old requiem
    As in their narrow home he buried them.
    And many a day, before that blessed spot
    He sate, in lone and melancholy thought,
    Gazing upon the grave; and one had guess'd
    Of some dark secret shadowing his breast.
    And yet, to see him, with his silver hair
    Adrift and floating in the sea-borne air,
    And features chasten'd in the tears of woe,
    In sooth 'twas merely sad to see him so!
    A wreck of nature, floating far and fast,
    Upon the stream of Time--to sink at last!

    And he is wandering by the shore again,
    Hard leaning on his staff; the azure main
    Lies sleeping far before him, with his seas
    Fast folded in the bosom of the breeze,
    That like the angel Peace hath dropt his wings
    Around the warring waters. Sadly sings
    To his own heart that lonely hermit man,
    A tale of other days, when passion ran
    Along his pulses, like a troubled stream,
    And glory was a splendour, and a dream!
    He stoop'd to gather up a shining gem,
    That lay amid the shells, as bright as them,--
    It was a cross, the cross that Agathè
    Had given to her Julio: the play
    Of the fierce sunbeams fell upon its face,
    And on the glistering jewels--But the trace
    Of some old thought came burning to the brain
    Of the pale hermit, and he shrunk in pain
    Before the holy symbol. It was not
    Because of the eternal ransom wrought
    In ages far away, or he had bent
    In pure devotion sad and reverent;
    But now, he started, as he look'd upon
    That jewell'd thing, and wildly he is gone
    Back to the mossy grave, away, away:--
    "My child! my child! my own, own Agathè!"

    It is her father,--he,--an alter'd man!
    His quiet had been wounded, and the ban
    Of misery came over him, and froze
    The bright and holy tides, that fell and rose
    In joy amid his heart. To think of her,
    That he had injured so, and all so fair,
    So fond, so like the chosen of his youth,--
    It was a very dismal thought, in truth,
    That he had left her hopelessly, for aye,
    Within the cloister-wall to droop, and die!
    And so he could not bear to have it be;
    But sought for some lone island in the sea,
    Where he might dwell in doleful solitude,
    And do strange penance in his mirthless mood,
    For this same crime, unnaturally wild,
    That he had done unto his saintly child.
    And ever he did think, when he had laid
    These lovers in the grave, that, through the shade
    Of ghastly features melting to decay,
    He saw the image of his Agathè.

    And now the truth had flash'd into his brain:
    And he is fallen, with a shriek of pain,
    Upon the lap of pale and yellow moss;
    For long ago he gave that blessed cross
    To his fair girl, and knew the relic still,
    By many a thousand thoughts, that rose at will
    Before it, of the one that was not now,
    But, like a dream, had floated from the brow
    Of Time, that seeth many a lovely thing
    Fade by him, like a sea-wave murmuring.

    The heart is burst!--the heart that stood in steel
    To woman's earnest tears, and bade her feel
    The curse of virgin solitude,--a veil;
    And saw the gladsome features growing pale
    Unmoved: 'tis rent, like some eternal tower
    The sea hath shaken, and its stately power
    Lies lonely, fallen, scatter'd on the shore:
    'Tis rent, like some great mountain, that, before
    The Deluge, stood in glory and in might,
    But now is lightning-riven, and the night
    Is clambering up its sides, and chasms lie strewn,
    Like coffins, here and there: 'tis rent! the throne
    Where passions, in their awful anarchy,
    Stood sceptred! There was heard an inward sigh,
    That took the being, on its troubled wings,
    Far to the land of dim imaginings!

    All three are dead; that desolate green isle
    Is only peopled by the passing smile
    Of sun and moon, that surely have a sense,
    They look so radiant with intelligence,--
    So like the soul's own element,--so fair!
    The features of a God lie veiled there!

    And mariners that have been toiling far
    Upon the deep, and lost the polar star,
    Have visited that island, and have seen
    That lover's grave: and many there have been
    That sat upon the gray and crumbling stone,
    And started, as they saw a skeleton
    Amid the long sad moss, that fondly grew
    Through the white wasted ribs; but never knew
    Of those who slept below, or of the tale
    Of that brain-stricken man, that felt the pale
    And wandering moonlight steal his soul away,--
    Poor Julio, and the ladye Agathè!

       *       *       *       *       *

    We found them,--children of toil and tears,
      Their birth of beauty shaded;
    We left them in their early years
                      Fallen and faded.

    We found them, flowers of summer hue:
      Their golden cups were lighted
    With sparkles of the pearly dew--
                      We left them blighted!

    We found them,--like those fairy flowers;
      And the light of morn lay holy
    Over their sad and sainted bowers--
                      We left them, lowly.

    We found them,--like twin stars, alone,
      In brightness and in feeling;
    We left them,--and the curse was on
                      Their beauty stealing.

    They rest in quiet, where they are:
      Their lifetime is the story
    Of some fair flower--some silver star,
                      Faded in glory!



    A pale and broken Iris in the mirror
      Of a gray cloud,--as gray as death,
      Slow sailing in the breath
    Of thunder! Like a child, that lies in terror
      Through the dark night, an Iris fair
      Trembled midway in air.
    The blending of its elfin hues
      Was as the pure enamel on
    The early morning dews;
      And gloriously they shone,
    Waving everyone his wing,
    Like a young aërial thing!
      That Iris came
    Over the shells of gold, beside
    The blue and waveless tide;
      Its girdle, of resplendent flame,
    Met shore and sea, afar,
    Like angel that shall stand
    On flood and land,
    Crown'd with a meteor star.

    The sea-bird, from her snowy stone,
    Beheld it floating on,
      Like a bride that bent her way
    To the altar, standing lone,
      In some cathedral gray.
      The melancholy wave
      Started at the cry she gave,
    Hailing the lovely child
      Of the immortal sun,--
      A tender and a tearful one,
    Bounding away, with footsteps wild!

    Old Neptune on his silver bed
      The dazzling image threw;
      It laid like sunbeam on the dew,
    Its young tress-waving head.
      The god upon the shadow gazed,
      And silently upraised
    A gentle wave, that came and kiss'd
    Fair Iris in her holy rest.
      Her pearly brow grew pale:
    It felt the sinful fire,
    And from her queenly tiar
      She drew the veil.
    The sun-wing'd steeds her sacred car
    Wheel'd to her throne of star.


    Spirit! in deathless halo zoned,
    A chain of stars with wings of diamond,--
    Is music blended into thee
    With holy light and immortality?
      For, as thy shape of glory swept
    Through seas of darkness, magic breathings fell
      Around it, like the notes that slept
    In the wild caverns of a silver shell.

    Thou camest, as a lightning spring
    Through chasms of horrid cloud, on scathless wing;
    Old Chaos round him, like a tiar,
    Swathed the long rush of immaterial fire;
      As thou, descending from afar,
    Wast canopied with living arch of light,
      Pale pillars of immortal star,
    Burst through the curtains of the moonless night.

    Phantom of wonder! over thee,
    Trembles the shadow of the Deity;
    For face to face, on lifted throne,
    Thou gazest to the glory-shrouded One,
      Where highest in the azure height
    Of universe, eternally he turns
      Myriads of worlds; with blaze of light
    Filling the hollow of their golden urns.

    Why comest thou, with feelings bound
    On thy birth-shore, the long unenter'd ground?
    To visit where thy being first,
    Through the pale shell of embryo nothing, burst?
      Or, on celestial errand bent,
    To win to faith a sin enraptured son,
      And point the angel lineament
    Of mercy on a cross,--the Bleeding One?

    Spirit! I breathe no sad adieu:
    The altars where thou bendest never knew
    Sigh, tear, or sorrow, and the night
    No chariot drives behind the wheel of light;
      Where every seraph is a sun,
    And every soul an everlasting star.--
      Go to thy home, thou peerless one!
    Where glory and the Great Immortal are!


    Her life is in the marble! yet a fall
    Of sleep lies on the heart's fair arsenal,
    Like new shower'd snow. You hear no whisper through
    Those love-divided lips; no pearly dew
    Trembles on her pale orbs, that seem to be
    Bent on a dream of immortality!

    She sleeps: her life is sleep,--a holy rest!
    Like that of wing-borne cloud, that, in the west
    Laves his aërial image, till afar
    The sunlight leaves him, melting into star.
    Did Phidias from her brow the veil remove,
    Uncurtaining the peerless queen of love?
    The fluent stone in marble waves recoil'd,
    Touch'd by his hand, and left the wondrous child,
    A Venus of the foam! How softly fair
    The dove-like passion on the sacred air
    Floats round her, nesting in her wreathed hair,
    That tells, though shadeless, of its auburn hue,
    Bathed in a hoar of diamond-dropping dew!

    How beautiful!--Was this not one of eld,
    That Chaos on his boundless bosom held,
    Till Earth came forward in a rush of storm,
    Closing his ribs upon her wingless form?
    How beautiful!--The very lips do speak
    Of love, and bid us worship: the pale cheek
    Seems blushing through the marble--through the snow!
    And the undrap'ried bosom feels a flow
    Of fever on its brightness; every vein
    At the blue pulse swells softly, like a chain
    Of gentle hills. I would not fling a wreath
    Of jewels on that brow, to flash beneath
    Those queenly tresses; for itself is more
    Than sea-born pearl of some Elysian shore!

    Such, with a heart like woman! I would cast
    Life at her foot, and, as she glided past,
    Would bid her trample on the slavish thing--
    Tell her, I'd rather feel me withering
    Under her step, than be unknown for aye:
      And, when her pride had crush'd me, she might see
    A love-wing'd spirit glide in glory by
      Striking the tent of its mortality!


    Trembler! a month is past, and thou
      Wert singing on the thorn,
    And shaking dew-drops from the bough
      In the golden haze of morn!

    My heart was just as thou, as light--
      As loving of the breeze,
    That kiss'd thee in its elfin flight,
      Through the green acacia trees.

    And now the winter snow-flakes lie
      All on thy widow'd wing;
    Trembler! methinks I hear thee sigh
      For the silver days of spring.

    But shake thy plume--the world is free
      Before thee--warbler, fly!
    Blest by a sunbeam and by me,
      Bird of my heart! good-bye!


    No night-star in the welkin blue! no moonshade round the trees
    That grew down to the sea-swept foot of the ancient Pyrenees!
    The cold gray mantle of the mist, along the shoulders cast
    Of those wild mountains, to and fro, hung waving in the blast.

    A snow-crown rising on their brows, in royalty they stood,
    As if they vice-reign'd on a throne of winter solitude;
    Those hills that rose far upward, till in majesty they bent
    Their world's great eye-orb on her own immortal lineament!

    The howl, the long deep howl was heard, the rushing like a wave
    Of the wolf train from their forest haunt, in some old mountain cave;
    Like a sea-wave, when the wind is horsed behind its foamy crest,
    And it lifts upon the shell-built shore, its azure-spotted breast.

    They came with war-whoop, following each other, like a thread,
    Through the long labyrinth of trees, in sunless archway spread;
    Their gnarled trunks in shadowy lines rose dimly, few by few,
    Mail'd in their mossy armouring,--a pathless avenue!

    In sooth, there was a shepherd girl by her aged father's side;
    He gazed upon her deep dark eyes, in glory and in pride;
    The mother's soul was living there,--the image full and wild,
    Of one he loved--of one no more, was beaming in her child.

    And she was at her father's side, her raven tresses felt
    Upon his care-worn cheek, as gay and joyfully she knelt,
    Kissing the old man's tears away, by the embers burning faint,
    While she sung the holy aves, and a vesper to her saint.

    "Now bar the breezy lattice, love!--but hist! how fares the night?
    Methought I heard the wolf abroad. Heaven help! I heard aright--
    My mantle!--By the Mother Saint! our flock is in the fold?
    How think you, love? wake up the hound, I ween the wolf is bold."

    "Stay, stay; 'tis past!" "I hear it still; to rest, I pray, to rest."
    "Nay, father! hold; thou must not go;" and silently she press'd
    The old man's arm, and bade him stay, for love of Heaven and her:
    His danger was too wild a thought, for so fond a girl to bear.

    He kiss'd her, and they parted then; but, through the lattice low,
    She gazed amid the vine-twigs pale, all cradled to and fro;
    The holy whisper of the wind stole lightly by the eaves,--
    A sad dirge, sighing to the fall of the winter-blighted leaves.

    He comes not! 'Tis a dreadful thing to hear them as they rave,
    The savage wolf-train howling, like the near burst of a wave.
    She thought it was a father's cry she heard--a father's cry!
    And she flung her from the cottage door, in startled agony.

    Good Virgin save thee, gentle girl! they are no knightly train
    That mark thee for their sinless prey--thou wilt not smile again;
    The blood is streaming on thy cheek; the heart it ceases slow;
    A father gazes on his child--God help a father's woe!


    Orion! old Orion! who dost wait
    Warder at heaven's star-studded gate,
    On a throne where worlds might meet
    At thy silver sandal'd feet,
    All invisible to thee,
    Gazing through immensity;
    For thy crowned head is higher
    Than the ramparts of earth-searching fire,
    And the comet his blooded banner, there
    Flings back upon the waveless air.

    Old Orion! holy hands
    Have knit thy everlasting bands,
    Belted by the King of kings,
    Under thy azure-sheathed wings,
    With a zone of living light,
    Such as bound the Apostate might,
    When from highest tower of heaven,
    His vaunting shape was wrathly driven
    To its wane, woe-wall'd abode,
    Rended from the eye of God!

    Dost thou, in thy vigils, hail
    Arcturus on his chariot pale,
    Leading his sons--a fiery flight--
    Over the hollow hill of night?
    Or tellest of their watches long,
    To the sleepless, nameless throng,
    Shoaling in a wond'rous gleam,
    Like channel through the azure stream
    Of life reflected, as it flows,
    In one broad ocean of repose,
    Gushing from thy lips, Orion!
    To the holy walls of Zion?

    _Printed by_ BALLANTYNE, HANSON & CO.
    _London & Edinburgh_

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