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Title: Fern's Hollow
Author: Stretton, Hesba, 1832-1911
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Fern's Hollow" ***

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                             FERN'S HOLLOW

                           By HESBA STRETTON

Author of 'Jessica's First Prayer,' 'Alone in London' 'Pilgrim Street,'
'Little Meg's Children' etc.







Just upon the border of Wales, but within one of the English counties,
there is a cluster of hills, rising one above the other in gradual
slopes, until the summits form a long, broad tableland, many miles
across. This tableland is not so flat that all of it can be seen at once,
but here and there are little dells, shaped like deep basins, which the
country folk call hollows; and every now and then there is a rock or
hillock covered with yellow gorse bushes, from the top of which can be
seen the wide, outspread plains, where hundreds of sheep and ponies are
feeding, which belong to the farmers and cottagers dwelling in the valley
below. Besides the chief valley, which divides the mountains into two
groups, and which is broad enough for a village to be built in, there are
long, narrow glens, stretching up into the very heart of the tableland,
and draining away the waters which gather there by the melting of snow in
the winter and the rain of thunderstorms in summer. Down every glen flows
a noisy mountain stream, dashing along its rocky course with so many tiny
waterfalls and impatient splashes, that the gurgling and bubbling of
brooks come up even into the quietness of the tableland and mingle with
the singing of the birds and the humming of the bees among the heather.
There are not many paths across the hills, except the narrow sheep-walks
worn by the tiny feet of the sheep as they follow one another in long,
single lines, winding in and out through the clumps of gorse; and few
people care to explore the solitary plains, except the shepherds who have
the charge of the flocks, and tribes of village children who go up every
summer to gather the fruit of the wild and hardy bilberry wires.

The whole of this broad tableland, as well as the hills, are common
pasture for the inhabitants of the valleys, who have an equal right to
keep sheep and ponies on the uplands with the lord of the manor. But the
property of the soil belongs to the latter, and he only has the power of
enclosing the waste so as to make fields and plant woods upon it,
provided always that he leaves a sufficient portion for the use of the
villagers. In times gone by, however, when the lord of the manor and his
agent were not very watchful, it was the practice of poor persons, who
did not care how uncomfortably they lived, to seek out some distant
hollow, or the farthest and most hidden side of a hillock, and there
build themselves such a low, small hut, as should escape the notice of
any passer-by, should they chance to go that way. Little by little,
making low fences which looked like the surrounding gorse bushes, they
enclosed small portions of the waste land, or, as it is called,
encroached upon the common; and if they were able to keep their
encroachment without having their hedges broken down, or if the lord of
the manor neglected to demand rent for it for the space of twenty years,
their fields and gardens became securely and legally their own. Because
of this right, therefore, are to be found here and there little farms of
three or four fields a-piece, looking like islands, with the wide, open
common around them; and some miles away over the breezy uplands there is
even a little hamlet of these poor cottages, all belonging to the people
who dwell in them.

Many years ago, even many years before my story begins, a poor woman--who
was far worse off than a widow, for her husband had just been sentenced
to transportation for twenty-one years--strayed down to these mountains
upon her sorrowful way home to her native place. She had her only child
with her, a boy five years of age; and from some reason or other, perhaps
because she could not bear to go home in shame and disgrace, she sought
out a very lonely hiding-place among the hills, and with her own hands
reared rough walls of turf and stones, until she had formed such a rude
hut as would just give shelter to her and her boy. There they lived,
uncared for and solitary, until the husband came back, after suffering
his twenty-one years' punishment, and entered into a little spot of land
entirely his own. Then, with the assistance of his son, a strong,
full-grown young man, he rebuilt the cottage, though upon a scale not
much larger or much more commodious than his wife's old hut.

Like other groups of mountains, the highest and largest are those near
the centre, and from them the land descends in lower and lower levels,
with smaller hills and smoother valleys, until at length it sinks into
the plain. Then they are almost like children's hills and valleys; the
slopes are not too steep for very little feet to climb, and the rippling
brooks are not in so much hurry to rush on to the distant river, but that
boys and girls at play can stop them for a little time with slight banks
of mud and stones. In just such a smooth, sloping dell, down in a soft
green basin, called Fern's Hollow, was the hiding-place where the
convict's sad wife had found an unmolested shelter.

This dwelling, the second one raised by the returned convict and his son,
is built just below the brow of the hill, so that the back of the hut is
formed of the hill itself, and only the sides and front are real walls.
These walls are made of rubble, or loose, unhewn stones, piled together
with a kind of mortar, which is little more than clay baked hard in the
heat of the sun. The chimney is a bit of old stove-pipe, scarcely rising
above the top of the hill behind; and, but for the smoke, we could look
down the pipe, as through the tube of a telescope, upon the family
sitting round the hearth within. The thatch, overgrown with moss, appears
as a continuation of the slope of the hill itself, and might almost
deceive the simple sheep grazing around it. Instead of a window there is
only a square hole, covered by a shutter when the light is not urgently
needed; and the door is so much too small for its sill and lintels as to
leave large chinks, through which adventurous bees and beetles may find
their way within. You may see at a glance that there is but one room, and
that there can be no up-stairs to the hut, except that upper storey of
the broad, open common behind it, where the birds sleep softly in their
cosy nests. Before the house is a garden; and beyond that a small field
sown with silver oats, which are dancing and glistening in the breeze and
sunshine; while before the garden wicket, but not enclosed from the
common, is a warm, sunny valley, in the very middle of which a slender
thread of a brook widens into a lovely little basin of a pool, clear and
cold, the very place for the hill ponies to come and drink.

Looking steadily up this pleasant valley from the threshold of the
cottage, we can just see a fine, light film of white smoke against the
blue sky. Two miles away, right down off the mountains, there is a small
coal-field and a quarry of limestone. In a distant part of the country
there are large tracts of land where coal and iron pits are sunk on every
side, and their desolate and barren pit-banks extend for miles round,
while a heavy cloud of smoke hangs always in the air. But here, just at
the foot of these mountains, there is one little seam of coal, as if
placed for the express use of these people, living so far away from the
larger coal-fields. The Botfield lime and coal works cover only a few
acres of the surface; but underground there are long passages bored
beneath the pleasant pastures and the yellow cornfields. From the
mountains, Botfield looks rather like a great blot upon the fair
landscape, with its blackened engine-house and banks of coal-dust, its
long range of limekilns, sultry and quivering in the summer sunshine, and
its heavy, groaning water-wheel, which pumps up the water from the pits
below. But the colliers do not think it so, nor their wives in the
scattered village beyond; they do not consider the lime and coal works a
blot, for their living depends upon them, and they may rightly say, 'As
for the earth, out of it cometh bread: and under it is turned up as it
were fire.'

Even Stephen Fern, who would a thousand times rather work out on the free
hillside than in the dark passages underground, does not think it a pity
that the Botfield pit has been discovered at the foot of the mountains.
It is nearly seven o'clock in the evening, and he is coming over the brow
of the green dell, with his long shadow stretching down it. A very long
shadow it is for so small a figure to cast, for if we wait a minute or
two till Stephen draws nearer, we shall see that he is no strong, large
man, but a slight, thin, stooping boy, bending rather wearily under a
sack of coals, which he is carrying on his shoulders, and pausing now and
then to wipe his heated forehead with the sleeve of his collier's flannel
jacket. When he lifts up the latch of his home we will enter with him,
and see the inside of the hut at Fern's Hollow.



Stephen stepped over the threshold into a low, dark room, which was
filled with smoke, from a sudden gust of the wind as it swept over the
roof of the hut. On one side of the grate, which was made of some
half-hoops of iron fastened into the rock, there was a very aged man,
childish and blind with years, who was crouching towards the fire, and
talking and chuckling to himself. A girl, about a year older than
Stephen, sat in a rocking-chair, and swung to and fro as she knitted away
fast and diligently at a thick grey stocking. In the corner nearest to
the fireplace there stood a pallet-bed, hardly raised above the earthen
floor, to which Stephen hastened immediately, with an anxious look at the
thin, white face of his father lying upon the pillow. Beside the sick man
there lay a little child fast asleep, with her hand clasping one of her
father's fingers; and though James Fern was shaking and trembling with a
violent fit of coughing from the sudden gust of smoke, he took care not
to loose the hold of those tiny fingers.

'Poor little Nan!' he whispered to Stephen, as soon as he could speak.
'I've been thinking all day of her and thee, lad, till I'm nigh

'Do you feel worse, father?' asked Stephen anxiously.

'I'm drawing nearer the end,' answered James Fern,--'nearer the end every
hour; and I don't know for certain what the end will be. I'm repenting;
but I can't undo the mischief I've done; I must leave that behind me.
If I'd been anything like a decent father, I should have left you
comfortable, instead of poor beggars. And what is to become of my poor
lass here? See how fast she clips my hand, as if she was afeared I was
going to leave her! Oh, Stephen, my lad, what will you all do?'

'Father,' said Stephen, in a quiet and firm voice, 'I'm getting six
shillings a week wages, and we can live on very little. We haven't got
any rent to pay, and only ourselves and grandfather to keep, and Martha
is as good as a woman grown. We'll manage, father, and take care of
little Nan.'

'Stephen and I are not bad, father,' added Martha, speaking up proudly;
'I am not like Black Bess of Botfield. Mother always told me I was to do
my duty; and I always do it. I can wash, and sew, and iron, and bake, and
knit. Why, often and often we've had no more than Stephen's earnings,
when you've been to the Red Lion on reckoning nights.'

'Hush, hush, Martha!' whispered Stephen.

'No, it's true,' groaned the dying father; 'God Almighty, have mercy on
me! Stephen, hearken to me, and thee too, Martha, while I tell you about
this place, and what you are to do when I'm gone.'

He paused for a minute or two, looking earnestly at the crouching old man
in the chimney-corner.

'Grandfather's quite simple,' he said, 'and he's dark, too, and doesn't
know what any one is saying. But I know thee'lt be good to him, Stephen.
Hearken, children: your poor old grandfather was once in jail, and was
sent across the seas, for a thief.'

'Father!' cried Stephen, in a tone of deep distress; and he turned
quickly to the old man, remembering how often he had sat upon his knees
by the winter fire, and how many summer days he had rambled with him over
the uplands after the sheep. His grandfather had been far kinder to him
than his own father; and his heart swelled with anger as he went and laid
his arm round the bending neck of the old man, who looked up in his face
and laughed heartily.

'Come back, Stephen; it's true,' gasped James Fern. 'Poor mother and me
came here, where nobody knew us, while he was away for more than twenty
years; and she built a hut for-us to live in till he came back. I was a
little lad then, but as soon as I was big enough she made me learn to
read and write, that I might send letters to him beyond the seas and none
of the neighbours know. She'd often make me read to her about a poor
fellow who had left home and gone to a far country, and when he came home
again, how his father saw him a long way off. Well, she was just like
that when she'd heard that he was landed in England; she did nought but
sit over the bent of the hill yonder, peering along the road to Botfield;
and one evening at sundown she saw something, little more than a speck
upon the turf, and she'd a feeling come over her that it was he, and she
fainted for real joy. After all, we weren't much happier when we were
settled down like. Grandfather had learned to tend sheep out yonder, and
I worked at Botfield; but we never laid by money to build a brick house,
as poor mother always wanted us. She died a month or so afore I was
married to your mother.'

James Fern was silent again for some minutes, leaning back upon his
pillow, with his eyes closed, and his thoughts gone back to the old

'If I'd only been like mother, you'd have been a hill-farmer now, Steve,'
he continued, in a tone of regret; 'she plotted out in her own mind to
take in the green before us, for rearing young lambs, and ducks, and
goslings. But I was like that poor lad that wasted all his substance in
riotous living; and I've let thee and thy sister grow up without even the
learning I could have given thee; and learning is light carriage. But,
lad, remember this house is thy own, and never part with it; never give
it up, for it is thy right. Maybe they'll want to turn thee out, because
thee art a boy; but I've lived in it nigh upon forty years, and I've
written it all down upon this piece of paper, and that the place is
thine, Stephen.'

'I'll never give it up, father,' said Stephen, in his steady voice.

'Stephen,' continued his father, 'the master has set his heart upon it to
make it a hill-farm; and thou'lt have hard work to hold thy own against
him. Thou must frame thy words well when he speaks to thee about it, for
he's a cunning man. And there's another paper, which the parson at
Danesford has in his keeping, to certify that mother built this house and
dwelt in it all the days of her life, more than thirty years; if there's
any mischief worked against thee, go to him for it. And now, Stephen,
wash thyself, and get thy supper, and then let's hear thee read thy

Stephen carried his basin of potatoes to the door-sill and sat there,
with his back turned to the dismal hut and his dying father, and his face
looking out upon the green hills. He had always been a grave and
thoughtful boy; and he had much to think of now. The deep sense of new
duties and obligations that had come upon him with his father's words,
made him feel that his boyhood had passed away. He looked round upon the
garden, and the field, and the hut, with the keen eye of an owner; and he
wondered at the neglected state into which they had fallen since his
father's illness. There could be no more play-time for him; no
bird's-nesting among the gorse-bushes; no rabbit-bunting with Snip, the
little white terrier that was sharing his supper. If little Nan and his
grandfather were to be provided for, he must be a man, with a man's
thoughtfulness, doing man's work. There seemed enough work for him to do
in the field and garden alone, without his twelve hours' toil in the
coal-pit; but his weekly wages would now be more necessary than ever. He
must get up early, and go to bed late, and labour without a moment's
rest, doing his utmost from one day to another, with no one to help him,
or stand for a little while in his place. For a few minutes his brave
spirit sank within him, and all the landscape swam before his eyes; while
Snip took advantage of his master's inattention to put his nose into the
basin, and help himself to the largest share of the potatoes.

'I mean to be like grandmother,' said Martha's clear, sharp voice,
close beside him, and he saw his sister looking eagerly round her. 'I
shall fence the green in, and have lambs and sheep to turn out on the
hillside, and I'll rear young goslings and ducks for market; and we'll
have a brick house, with two rooms in it, as well as a shed for the coal.
And nobody shall put upon us, or touch our rights, Stephen, or they shall
have the length of my tongue.'

'Martha,' said Stephen earnestly, 'do you see how a shower is raining
down on the master's fields at Botfield; and they've been scorched up for
want of water?'

'Yes, surely,' answered Martha; 'and what of that?'

'I'm thinking,' continued Stephen, rather shyly, 'of that verse in my
chapter: "He maketh the sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sendeth
rain on the just and the unjust." What sort of a man is the master,

'He's a bad, unjust, niggardly old miser,' replied Martha.

'And if God sends him rain, and takes care of him,' Stephen said, 'how
much more care will He take of us, if we are good, and try to do His

'I should think,' said Martha, but in a softer tone, 'I should really
think He would give us the green, and the lambs, and the new house, and
everything; for both of us are good, Stephen.'

'I don't know,' replied Stephen; 'if I could read all the Bible, perhaps
it would tell us. But now I must go in and read my chapter to father.'

Martha went back to her rocking-chair and knitting, while Stephen reached
down from a shelf an old Bible, covered with green baize, and, having
carefully looked that his hard hands were quite clean, he opened it with
the greatest reverence. James Fern had only begun to teach the boy to
read a few months before, when he felt the first fatal symptoms of his
illness; and Stephen, with his few opportunities for learning, had only
mastered one chapter, the fifth chapter of St. Matthew's Gospel, which
his father had chosen for him to begin with. The sick man lay still with
closed eyes, but listening attentively to every word, and correcting his
son whenever he made any mistake. When it was finished, James Fern read a
few verses aloud himself, with low voice and frequent pauses to regain
his strength; and very soon afterwards the whole family were in a deep
sleep, except himself.



James Fern did not live many more days, and he was buried the Sunday
following his death. All the colliers and pitmen from Botfield walked
with the funeral of their old comrade and made a great burial of it. The
parish church was two miles on the other side of Botfield, and four miles
from Fern's Hollow; so James Fern and his family had never, as he called
it, 'troubled' the church with their attendance. All the household, even
to little Nan, went with their father's corpse, to bury it in the strange
and distant churchyard. Stephen felt as if he was in some long and
painful dream, as he sat in the cart, with his feet resting upon his
father's coffin, with his grandfather on a chair at the head, nodding
and laughing at every jolt on the rough road, and Martha holding a
handkerchief up to her face, and carrying a large umbrella over herself
and little Nan, to keep the dust off their new black bonnets. The boy,
grave as he was, could hardly think; he felt in too great a maze for
that. The church, too, which he had never entered before, seemed grand
and cold and immense, with its lofty arches, and a roof so high that it
made him giddy to look up to it. Now and then he heard a few sentences of
the burial service sounding out grandly in the clergyman's strange, deep
voice; but they were not words he was familiar with, and he could not
understand their meaning. At the open grave only, the clergyman said 'Our
Father,' which his father had taught him during his illness; and while
his tears rolled down his cheeks for the first time that day, Stephen
repeated over and over again to himself, 'Our Father! our Father!'

Stephen would have liked to stay in the church for the evening service,
for which the bells were already ringing; but this did not at all suit
the tastes of his father's old comrades. They made haste to crowd into
a public-house, where they sat and drank, and forced Stephen to drink
too, in order to 'drown his grief.' It was still a painful dream to him;
and more and more, as the long hours passed on, he wondered how he came
there, and what all the people about him were doing. It was quite dark
before they started homewards, and the poor old grandfather was no longer
able to sit up in his chair, but lay helplessly at the bottom of the
cart. Even Martha was fast asleep, and leaned her head upon Stephen's
shoulder, without any regard for her new black bonnet. The cart was now
crowded with as many of the people as could get into it, who sang and
shouted along the quiet Sunday road; and, as they insisted upon stopping
at every public-house they came to, it was very late before they reached
the lane leading up to Fern's Hollow. The grandfather was half dragged
and half carried along by two of the men, followed by Stephen bearing
sleepy little Nan in his arms, and by Martha, who had wakened up in a
temper between crying and scolding. The long, strange, painful dream of
father's funeral was not over yet, and Stephen was still trying to think
in a stupid, drowsy fashion, when he fell heavily asleep on the bed
beside his grandfather.

He awoke by habit very early in the morning, and aroused himself with
a great effort against dropping asleep again. He could realize and
understand his position better now. Father was dead; and there was no
one to earn bread for them all but himself. At this thought he sprang
up instantly, though his head was aching in a manner he had never felt
before. With some difficulty he awoke Martha to get his breakfast and
put up his dinner in a basket which he carried with him to the pit. She
also complained bitterly of her head aching, and moved about with a
listlessness very different to her usual activity. 'I only wish I knew
what was right,' said Stephen to himself; 'they told us we ought to show
respect for father, but I don't think he'd like this. Perhaps if I could
read the Bible all through, that would tell me everything.'

This thought reminded Stephen that he had promised his father to read his
chapter every day of his life till he knew how to read more; and,
carrying the old Bible to his favourite seat on the door-sill, a very
pleasant place in the cool, fresh summer morning, he read the verses
aloud, slowly and carefully, rather repeating than reading them, for he
knew his chapter better by heart than by the printed letters in the book.
Thank God, Stephen Fern did begin to know it _by heart_!

It was not a bad day in the pit. All the colliers, men and boys, were
more gentle than usual with the fatherless lad; and even Black Thompson,
his master since his father's illness, who was in general a fierce bully
to everybody about him, spoke as mildly as he could to Stephen. Yet all
the day Stephen longed for his release in the evening, thinking how much
work there wanted doing in the garden, and how he and Martha must be busy
in it till nightfall. The clanking of the chain which drew him up to the
light of day sounded like music to him; but little did he guess that an
enemy was lying in wait for him at the mouth of the pit. 'Hillo!' cried a
voice down the shaft as they were nearing the top; 'one of you chaps have
got to carry a sack o' coals one mile.'

The voice belonged to Tim Cole, who was the terror of the pit-bank, from
his love of mischief and his insatiable desire for fighting. He was
looking down the shaft now, with a grin and a laugh upon his red face,
round which his shaggy red hair hung like a rough mane. There were only
two other boys besides Stephen in the skip, and as their fathers were
with them it might be dangerous to meddle with them; so Tim fixed upon
Stephen as his prey.

'Thee has got to carry these coals, Steve,' he said, his eyes dancing
with delight.

'I won't,' replied Stephen.

'Thee shalt,' cried Tim, with an oath.

'I won't,' Stephen repeated stedfastly.

'Then we'll fight for it,' said Tim, clenching his fists and squaring his
arms, while the men and boys formed a ring round the two lads, and one
and another spoke encouragingly to Stephen, who was somewhat slighter and
younger than Tim. He had beaten Tim once before, but that was months ago;
yet the blood rushed into Stephen's face, and he set his lips together
firmly. Up yonder, just within the range of his sight, was Fern's Hollow,
with its neglected garden, and his supper waiting for him; and here was
the heavy sack of coals to be carried for a mile, or the choice of
fighting with Tim.

'I wish I knew what I ought to do,' he said, speaking aloud, though
speaking to himself.

'Ay, ay, lad,' cried Black Thompson; 'it's a shame to make thee fight,
and thy father not cold in the graveyard yet. I say, Tim, what is it thee

'These coals,' answered Tim doggedly, 'are to be carried to the New Farm;
and if Stevie Fern won't take them one mile, he must fight me afore he
goes off this bank.'

'Now, lads, I'll judge between ye this time,' said Black Thompson.
'Stevie shall carry them to the end of Red Lane, and cut across the hill
home: that's not much out of the way; and if Tim makes him go one step
farther, I'll lick thee myself to-morrow, lad, I promise thee.'

Stephen hoisted the sack upon his shoulders in silence, and strode away
with a swelling heart, in which a tumult of anger and perplexity was
raging. 'If I had only a commandment about these things!' he thought. He
was not quite certain whether it would not have been best and wisest to
fight with Tim and have it out; especially as Tim was all the time
taunting him for being a coward. But his father had read much to him
during the last three months; and though he could not remember any
particular commandment, he felt sure that the Bible did not encourage
fighting or drunkenness. Suddenly, and before they reached the end of Red
Lane, a light burst upon Stephen's mind.

'I say, Tim,' he said, speaking to him for the first time, 'it's four
miles to the New Farm, and I'll go with thee a mile farther than Red

'Eh!' cried Tim; 'and get Black Thompson to lick me to-morrow?'

'No,' said Stephen earnestly, 'I'll not tell Black Thompson; and if he
hears talk of it, I'll say I did it of my own mind. Come thy ways, Tim;
let's be sharp, for I've my potatoes to hoe when I get home to-night.'

The boys walked briskly on for a few minutes, past the end of Red Lane,
though Stephen cast a wistful glance up it, and gave an impatient jerk to
the load upon his shoulders. Tim had been walking beside him in silent
reflection; but at last he came to a sudden halt.

'I can't make it out,' he said. 'What art thee up to, Stephen? Tell me
out plain, or I'll fight thee here, if Black Thompson does lick me for

'Why, I've been learning to read,' answered Stephen, with some pride,
'and of course I know things I didn't used to know, and what thee doesn't
know now.'

'And what's that to do with it?' inquired Tim.

'My chapter says that if any man forces me to go one mile, I am to go
two,' replied Stephen; 'it doesn't say why exactly, but I'm going to try
what good it will be to me to do everything that my book tells me.'

'It's a queer book,' said Tim, after a pause. 'Does it say a chap may
make another chap do his work for him?'

'No,' Stephen answered; 'but it says we are to love our enemies, and do
good to them that hate us, that we may be the children of our Father
which is in heaven--that is God, Tim. So that is why I am going a mile
farther with thee.'

'I don't hate thee,' said Tim uneasily, 'but I do love fighting; I'd
liever thee'd fight than come another mile. Don't thee come any farther,
I've been bone lazy all day, and thee's been at work. And I say, Stevie,
I'll help thee with the potatoes to-morrow, to make up for this bout.'

Stephen thanked him, and accepted his offer heartily. The load was
quickly transferred to Tim's broad back, and the boys parted in more
good-will than they had ever felt before; Stephen strengthened by this
favourable result in his resolution to put in practice all he knew of
the Bible; and Tim deep in thought, as was evident from his muttering
every now and then on his way to the New Farm, 'Queer book that; and
a queer chap too!'



Little Nan would be waiting for him, as well as his supper, and Stephen
forgot his weariness as he bounded along the soft turf, to the great
discomfiture of the brown-faced sheep, quite as anxious for their supper
as he was for his.

Stephen heard far off Snip's sharp, impatient bark, and it made him
quicken his steps still more, until, coming within sight of his own
Hollow, he stopped suddenly, and his heart beat even more vehemently than
when he was running up the hillside.

There was, however, nothing very terrible in the scene. The hut was safe,
and the sun was shining brightly upon the garden, and little Nan was
standing as usual at the wicket. Only in the oat-field, with their faces
looking across the green, stood two men in close conversation. These men
were both of them old, and rather thin and shrivelled in figure; their
features bore great resemblance to each other, the eyes being small and
sunken, with many wrinkles round them, and both mouths much fallen in.
You would have said at once they were brothers; and if you drew near
enough to hear their conversation, you would have found your guess was

'Brother Thomas,' said the thinnest and sharpest-looking, 'I intend to
enclose as far as we can see from this point. That southern bank will be
a first-rate place for young animals. I shall build a house, with three
rooms above and below, besides a small dairy; and I shall plant a
fir-wood behind it to keep off the east winds. The lime and bricks from
my own works will not cost me much more than the expense of bringing
them up here.'

'And a very pretty little hill-farm you'll make of it, James,' replied
Thomas Wyley admiringly. 'I should not wonder now if you got £20 a year
rent for it.'

'I shall get £25 in a few years,' said the other one: 'just think of
the run for ponies on the hill, to say nothing of sheep. A young,
hard-working man could make a very tidy living up here; and we shall
have a respectable house, instead of a pauper's family.'

'It will be a benefit to the neighbourhood,' observed Thomas Wyley.

The latter speaker, who was a degree pleasanter-looking than his brother,
was the relieving officer of the large union to which Botfield belonged;
and, in consequence, all poor persons who had grown too old, or were in
any way unable to work, were compelled to apply to him for the help which
the laws of our country provide for such cases. James Wyley, the elder
brother, was the owner of Botfield works, and the master of all the
people employed in them, besides being the agent of the lord of the
manor. So both these men possessed great authority over the poor; and
they used the power to oppress them and grind them down to the utmost.
It was therefore no wonder that Stephen stopped instantly when he saw
their well-known figures standing at the corner of his oat-field; nor
that he should come on slowly after he had recovered his courage,
pondering in his own mind what they were come up to Fern's Hollow for,
and how he should answer them if they should want him to give up the old

'Good evening, my lad,' said James Wyley, smiling a slow, reluctant
smile, as Stephen drew near to them with his cap in his hand. 'So you
buried your father yesterday, I hear. Poor fellow! there was not a better
collier at Botfield than James Fern.'

'Never troubled his parish for a sixpence,' added Thomas Wyley.

'Thank you, master,' said Stephen, the tears starting to his eyes, so
unexpected was this gentle greeting to him; 'I'll try to be like father.'

'Well, my boy,' said Thomas Wyley, 'we are come up here on purpose to
give you our advice, as you are such a mere lad. I've been thinking what
can be done for you. There's your grandfather, a poor, simple, helpless
old man, and the little girl--why, of course we shall have to receive
them into the House; and I'll see there is no difficulty made about it.
Then we intend to get your sister into some right good service.'

'I should not mind taking her into my own house,' said the master, Mr.
James Wyley; 'she would soon learn under my niece Anne. So you will be
set free to get your own living without encumbrance; you are earning your
six shillings now, and that will keep you well.'

'Please, sir,' answered Stephen, 'we mean to live all together as we've
been used; and I couldn't let grandfather and little Nan come upon the
parish. Martha must stay at home to mind them; and I'll work my fingers
to the bone for them all, sir. Many thanks all the same to you for coming
up here to see after us.'

'Very fine indeed, my little fellow,' said Thomas Wyley; 'but you don't
understand what you are talking about. It is my place to see after the
poor, and I cannot leave you in charge of such a very old man and such
a child as this, No, no; they must be taken care of; and they'll be made
right comfortable in the House.'

'Father said,' replied Stephen, 'that I was never to let grandfather
and little Nan come upon the parish. I get my wages, and we've no rent
to pay; and the potatoes and oats will help us; and Martha can pick
bilberries on the hill, and carry bundles of firing to the village; and
we'll do well enough without the parish. Many thanks all the same to you,

'Hark ye, my lad,' said the master impatiently. 'I want to buy your old
hut and field from you. I'll give ye a ten-pound note for it; a whole ten
pounds. Why, a fortune for you!'

'Father said,' repeated Stephen, 'I was never to give up Fern's Hollow;
and I gave him a sure promise for that, and to take care of little Nan as
long as ever I lived.'

'Fern's Hollow is none of yours,' cried the master, in a rage; 'you've
just been a family of paupers and squatters, living up here by poaching
and thieving. I'll unearth you, I promise ye; you have been a disgrace to
the manor long enough. So it is ten pounds or nothing for your old hole;
and you may take your choice.'

'Please, sir,' said Stephen firmly, 'the place is ours, and I'm never to
part with it. I'll never poach, and I'll never trespass on the manor; but
I can't sell the old house, sir.'

'Now, just listen to me, young Fern,' said Thomas Wyley; 'you'll be
compelled to give up Fern's Hollow in right of the lord of the manor; and
then if you come to the House for relief, mark my words, I'll send your
grandfather off to Bristol, for that's his parish, and you'll never see
him again; and I'll give orders for you never to see little Nan; and I'll
apprentice you and your other sister in different places. So you had
better be reasonable, and take our advice while you can be made

'Please, sir, I can't go against my promise,' answered Stephen, with a

'What's the use of wasting one's breath?' said the master; 'this place
I want, and this place I'll have; and we'll see if this young jail-bird
will stand in my way. Ah, my fine fellow, it's no such secret where your
grandfather spent twenty-one years of his life; and you'll have a sup of
the same broth some day. You don't keep a dog like that yelping cur for
nothing; and I'll tell the gamekeeper to have his eye upon you.'

Stephen stood motionless, watching them down the narrow path which led to
Botfield, until a rabbit started from beneath the hedge, and Snip, with a
sharp, short bark of excitement, gave it chase in the direction of the
two men. The master paused, and, looking back, shook his stick
threateningly at the motionless figure of the boy; while Thomas Wyley
threw a stone at the dog, which sent him back, yelping piteously, to his
young master's feet. Stephen clenched his hands, and bit his lips till
the blood started, but he did not move till the last glimpse of his foes
had passed away from the hillside. Martha had hidden herself in the hut
while they were present, for she had never spoken to the dreaded master;
but she could overhear their loud and angry speeches, and now she came
out and joined Stephen.

'Well, I'd have more spirit than to cry,' she said, as Stephen brushed
his eyes with his sleeve; 'I'd never have spoken so gingerly to them, the
wizen-faced old rascals. The place is ours, and they can't turn us out.
It's no use to be cowed by them, Stephen.'

'They can turn me off the works,' answered Stephen sadly.

'And whatever shall we do then?' asked Martha, in alarm. 'Still I reckon
you'll say we are to love those old wretches.'

'The Book says so,' replied Stephen.

'Well, I won't set up to try to do it for one,' continued Martha
decisively; 'it's not nature; it's being over good by half. I'm willing
to do my duty by you and grandfather and little Nan; but that goes beyond
me. If you'd just give way, Stevie, and give them a good rating, you'd
feel better after it.'

'I don't know that,' he answered, walking gloomily towards the door. He
felt so much passion and anger within him, that it did seem as if it
would be a relief to utter some of the terrible oaths which he heard
frequently in the pit, and which had been familiar enough in his own
mouth a few months ago. But now other words, familiar from daily reading,
the words that he had repeated to Tim so short a time before, were being
whispered, as it seemed, close by his ear: 'Love your enemies; bless them
that curse you; do good to them that hate you; pray for them that
despitefully use you, and persecute you.' There was a deadly conflict
going on in the boy's soul; and Martha's angry words were helping the
tempter. He sat down despondently on the door-sill, and hid his face in
his hands, while he listened to his sister's taunts against his want of
spirit, and her fears that he would give up their home for his new

He was about to answer her at last with the passion she was trying to
provoke, when a soft little cheek was pressed against his downcast head,
and little Nan lisped in her broken words, 'Me sleepy, Stevie; me say
"Our Father," and go to bed.'

The child knelt down before him, and laid her folded hands upon his knee,
as she had done every evening since his father died, while he said the
prayer, and she repeated it slowly after him. He felt as though he was
praying for himself. A feeling of deep earnestness came over him; and,
though his voice faltered as he said softly, 'Forgive us our trespasses,
as we forgive them that trespass against us,' it seemed as if there was
a spirit in his heart agreeing to the words, and giving him power to say
them. He did not know then that 'the Spirit itself maketh intercession
for us with groanings which cannot be uttered;' but while he prayed with
little Nan, he received great comfort and strength, though he was
ignorant of the source from whence they came. When the child's prayers
were ended, he roused himself cheerfully to action; and as long as the
lingering twilight lasted, both Stephen and Martha were busily at work in
the garden.



'So thee's the only master here,' said Tim when he came up the hill next
evening, according to his promise, to help Stephen in his garden.

'And I'm the missis,' chimed in Martha, 'but I can't say how long it may
be afore we have to pack off;' and she gave Tim a very long account of
the master's visit the day before, finishing her description of Stephen's
conduct in a tone of mingled reproach and admiration: 'And he never said
a single curse at them!'

'Not when they were out of hearing?' exclaimed Tim.

'I couldn't,' answered Stephen; 'I knew what I ought to do then, if I
wasn't quite sure about fighting thee, Tim. My chapter says, "Swear not
at all;" and "Let your communication be Yea, yea; Nay, nay; for
whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil."'

'What's the meaning of that?' asked Tim, opening his eyes widely.

'Father said it meant I was to stand to my word like a man, but not swear
about it. If I said Ay, to mean ay; and if I said No, to mean no, and
stick to it.'

'There'd be no room for telling lies, I reckon,' said Tim reflectively.

'Of course not,' replied Stephen.

'That 'ud never answer down yonder,' said Tim, nodding towards the
distant village. 'I tell thee what, lad, I'll come and quarter with thee,
and help thee to be master. It 'ud be prime. Only maybe the victuals
wouldn't suit me. Last Sunday, afore thy father's buryin', we'd a dinner
of duck and green peas, and leg of lamb, and custard pudden, and ale.
Martha doesn't get a dinner like that for thee, I reckon.'

'No,' answered Stephen shortly.

'Maybe it wouldn't suit. But what more is there in thy book?' asked
Tim, whose curiosity was aroused; and Stephen, proud of his new
accomplishment,--a rare one in those days among his own class,--would not
lose the opportunity given him by Tim's inquiry for the display of his
learning. He brought out his Bible with alacrity, and read his chapter in
a loud, clear, sing-song tone, while Tim overlooked him, with his red
face growing redder, and his eyebrows arched in amazement; and Martha,
leaning against the door-post, glanced triumphantly at his wonder.
Already, though his father had been dead only a week, Stephen began
to miscall many of the harder words; but his hearers were not critical,
and the performance gave unbounded satisfaction.

'That beats me!' cried Tim. 'What a headpiece thee must have, Stephen!
But what does it all mean, lad? Is it all English like?'

'How can I know?' answered Stephen, somewhat sadly; 'there's nobody to
learn me now; and it's very hard. There's the Pharisees, Tim, and Raca; I
don't know who they are.'

The conversation was stopped by Martha suddenly starting bolt upright,
and dropping two or three hurried curtseys. The boys looked up from their
book quickly, and saw a young lady passing through the wicket and coming
up the garden walk, with a smile upon her pleasant face as she met their

'My boys,' she said, in a soft, kindly voice, 'I've been sitting on the
bank yonder, behind your cottage; and I heard one of you reading a
chapter in the Bible. Which of you was it?'

'It was him,' cried Tim and Martha together, pointing at Stephen.

'And you said you had no one to teach you,' continued the lady. 'Now
would you learn well, if I promised to teach you?'

Stephen looked up speechlessly into the smiling face before him. He had
never read of the angels, and scarcely knew that there were such beings;
but he felt as if this fair and sweet-looking lady, with her gentle
voice, and the kindly eyes meeting his own, was altogether of a different
order to themselves.

'I am Mr. Wyley's niece,' she added, 'and I am come to live at Botfield
for a while. Could you manage to come down to Mr. Wyley's house sometimes
for a lesson?'

'Please, ma'am,' said Martha, who was not at all afraid of speaking to
any lady, though she dare not face the master, 'he wants to turn us out
of our house; and he hates Stephen, because he won't give it up: so he
wouldn't let you teach him anything.'

'Then you are Stephen Fern?' said the lady; 'I heard my uncle talking
about you. Your father was buried at Longville church on Sunday. I saw
the funeral leave the churchyard, and I looked for some of you to come in
to the evening service. Now, Stephen, do you tell me all about your
reason for not letting my uncle buy your cottage.'

Then Stephen, with some hesitation, and a good deal of assistance from
Martha, told the whole history of his grandmother's settlement upon the
solitary hillside, only withholding the fact of his grandfather's
transportation, because Tim was listening eagerly to every word. Miss
Anne listened, too, with deep attention; and once or twice the tears rose
to her eyes as she heard of the weary labours and watchings of the
desolate woman; and when Stephen repeated his resolution to work hard
and constantly for the maintenance of his grandfather and little Nan--

'Yes, I will be your friend,' she said, reaching out her hand to him when
he had finished, 'even if my uncle is your enemy. God has not given me
much power, but what I have I will use for you; and you must go on
striving to do right, Stephen.'

'I can't read much,' replied Stephen anxiously, 'and Martha can't read at
all; but I hope we shall all get safe to heaven!'

'Knowing how to read will not take us to heaven,' said Miss Anne,
smiling, 'but doing the will of God from the heart; and the will of God
is that we should believe in the Lord Jesus, and follow in His steps.'

'Yes, ma'am,' answered Stephen; 'my chapter says, "Whosoever shall break
one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, shall be called
the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach
them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven."'

'Stephen, you know your chapter well,' said Miss Anne.

'I don't know anything else,' he answered; 'so I am always studying at
that in my head, up here and down in the pit.'

'He's always mighty solid over his work, ma'am,' said Tim, pulling the
front lock of his red hair, as he spoke to the young lady.

'Stephen, do you know that you have a namesake in the Bible?' asked Miss

'No, sure!' exclaimed Stephen eagerly.

'It was the name of a man who had many enemies, only because he loved the
Lord Jesus; and at last they hated him so much as to kill him. He was the
very first person who ever suffered death for the Lord's sake. Give me
your Bible, and I will read to you how he died.'

Miss Anne's voice was very low and soft, like sweet music, as she read
these verses: 'And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying,
Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud
voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this,
he fell asleep.'

Stephen listened breathlessly, and his face glowed with intense interest;
but he was not a boy of ready speech, and, before he could utter a word,
Tim burst in before him with a question, 'Please, is there a Tim in the
Bible?' he asked.

'Yes,' answered Miss Anne, smiling again; 'he was a young man who knew
the Bible from his youth.'

'That ain't me, however,' said Tim in a despondent tone.

'There is nothing now to prevent you beginning to know it,' continued
Miss Anne. 'Listen: as Stephen cannot come to me at Botfield, you shall
meet me in the Red Gravel Pit at nine o'clock on a Sunday morning as long
as the summer lasts, and I will teach you all. Bring little Nan with you,

Down the same narrow green pathway trodden by the feet of Stephen's angry
master and his brother the evening before, they now watched the little
light figure of the young lady, as she slowly vanished out of their
sight. When the gleaming of her dress was quite lost, Stephen rubbed his
eyes for a moment, and then turned to Martha and Tim.

'Is she a real woman, dost think?' he asked.

'A real woman!' repeated Martha rather scornfully; 'of course she is; and
it's a real silk gown she had on, I can tell thee. Spirits don't go about
in silk gowns and broad daylight, never as I heard tell of, lad.'



At the entrance of the lane leading down to the works at Botfield there
stood a small square building, which was used as the weighing-house for
the coal and lime fetched from the pits, and as the pay-office on the
reckoning Saturday, which came once a fortnight. Upon the Saturday
evening after his interview with the master, Stephen loitered in the lane
with a very heavy heart, afraid of facing Mr. Wyley, lest he should
receive the sentence of dismission from the pit. He did not know what he
could turn his hand to if he should be discharged from what had been his
work since he was eight years old; for even if he could get a place in
one of the farmhouses about as waggoner's boy, he would not earn more
than three shillings a week; and how very little that would do towards
providing food for the three mouths at home! Fearful of knowing the
worst, he lingered about the office until all the other workmen had been
in and come out again jingling their wages.

But the master and his brother Thomas had been taking counsel together
about the matter. Mr. Wyley was for turning the boy off at once, and
reducing him to the utmost straits of poverty; but his more prudent
brother was opposed to this plan.

'Look here, brother James,' he said; 'if we drive the young scamp to
desperation, there's no telling what he will do. Ten to one if he does
not go and tell a string of lies to some of the farmers about here, or
perhaps to the parson at Longville, and they may make an unpleasant
disturbance. Nobody knows and nobody cares about him as it is; but he is
a determined young fellow, or I'm mistaken. Better keep him at work under
your own eye, and make the place too hot for him by degrees. Before long
you will catch him poaching with his dog, and if he is let off for a time
or two because of his youth, and goes at it again, we can make out a
pretty case of juvenile depravity, without any character from his
employer, you know; and so he will be sent out of the way, and boarded at
the expense of the country for a few years or so.'

'Well,' said the master, 'I'll try him once again. If he'd go out
quietly, nobody else has any claim upon the cottage; and I want to set to
work there quickly.'

So when Stephen entered the office with trembling limbs and a very pale
face under its dusky covering, it happened that he met with a very
different reception to what he expected. The master sat behind a small
counter, upon which lay Stephen's twelve shillings, the only little heap
of money left; and as he gathered them nervously into his hand, he
wondered if this would be the last time. But his master's face was not
more threatening than usual; and he muttered his 'Thank you, sir,' and
was turning away with a feeling of great relief, when Mr. Wyley's harsh
voice brought him back again, trembling more than ever.

'Have you thought any more of my offer, Fern?' he asked. 'I shouldn't
mind, as you are an orphan, and have two sisters depending upon you, if I
made the ten pounds into fifteen; and you may leave the money at interest
with me till you are older.'

'And I've been thinking, Stephen,' added Thomas Wyley, who sat at a high
desk checking the accounts, 'that, as you seem set against being
separated, instead of taking your grandfather into the House, I'd get him
two shillings a week allowed him out of it; and that would pay the rent
of a nice two-roomed cottage down in Botfield, close to your work. Come,
that would make all of you comfortable.'

'You should bear in mind, Stephen,' said the master, 'that the place does
not of right belong to you at all; and the lord of the manor is coming to
shoot over the estate in September; and then I shall have orders to
remove you by force. So you had better take our offer.'

'Please, sir,' said Stephen, bowing respectfully, 'don't be angered with
me, but I can't go from what I said afore. Father told me never to give
up Fern's Hollow; and maybe he'd hear tell of it in heaven if I broke my
word to him. I can't do it, sir.'

'Well, wilful will have his way,' said Mr. Thomas, nodding at the master;
and as neither of them addressed Stephen again, he left the office,
amazed to find that he was not forbidden to return to work on the
following Monday.

The Red Gravel Pit, where Miss Anne had promised to meet her scholars on
Sunday morning, was a quarry cut out of the side of one of the hills,
from which the stones were taken for making and mending the roads in the
neighbourhood. The quarry had been hollowed out into a kind of enclosed
circle, only entered by the road through which the waggons passed. All
along the edge of the red rocks high overhead there was a coppice of
green hazel-bushes and young oaks, where the boys had spent many a Sunday
searching for wild nuts, and hunting the squirrels from tree to tree.
Stephen and Tim met half an hour earlier than the time appointed by Miss
Anne, and by dint of great perseverance and strength rolled together five
large stones, under the shadow of an oak tree; and placed four of them in
a row before the largest one, as Tim had once seen the children sitting
in the village school at Longville, when he had taken a donkey-load of
coals for the schoolmaster. Martha came in good time with little Nan,
both in their new black bonnets and clean cotton shawls; and all were
seated orderly in a row when Miss Anne entered the Red Gravel Pit by the
waggon road.

I need not describe to you how Miss Anne heard Stephen read his chapter,
and taught Tim and Martha, and even little Nan herself, the first few
letters of the alphabet; after which she made them all repeat a verse of
a hymn, and, when they could say it correctly, sang it with them over and
over again, in her sweet and clear voice, until Stephen felt almost
choked with a sob of pure gladness, that would every now and then rise to
his lips. Tim sang loudly and lustily, getting out of tune very often.
But little Nan was a marvel to hear, so soft and sweet were her childish
tones, so that Miss Anne bade her sing the verse alone, which she did
perfectly. Martha, too, was full of admiration of the lady's lilac silk
dress and the white ribbon on her bonnet.

That was the first of many pleasant Sunday mornings in the Red Gravel
Pit. When the novelty was worn away, Martha discovered that she had too
much to do at home to be able to leave it so early in the day; and Tim
sometimes overslept himself on a Sunday, when most of his comrades spent
the whole morning in bed. But Stephen and little Nan were always there,
and their teacher never failed to meet them. Nor did Miss Anne confine
her care of the orphan children to a Sunday morning only. Sometimes she
would mount the hill during the long summer evenings, and pay their
little household a visit, giving Martha many quiet hints about her
management and her outlay of Stephen's wages; hints which Martha did not
always receive as graciously as they were given. Miss Anne would read
also to the blind old grandfather, choosing very simple and easy portions
of the Bible, especially about the lost sheep being found, as that
pleased the old shepherd, and he could fully understand its meaning. In
general, Miss Anne was very cheerful, and she would laugh merrily at
times; but now and then her face looked pale and sad, and her voice was
very mournful while she talked and sang with them. Once, even, when she
bade Stephen 'good evening,' an exceedingly sorrowful expression passed
across her face, and she said to him, 'I find it quite as hard work to
serve God really and truly as you do, Stephen. There is only one Helper
for both of us; and we can only do all things through Christ which
strengtheneth us.'

But Stephen could not believe that good, gentle Miss Anne found it as
hard to be a Christian as he did. Everything seemed against him at the
works. The short indulgence from hard words and hard blows granted him
after his father's death was followed by what appeared to be a very
tempest of oppression. It was very soon understood that the master had
a private grudge against the boy; and though the workpeople were ground
down and wronged in a hundred ways by him, so as to fill them with hatred
and revenge, they were not the less willing to take advantage of his
spite against Stephen. His work underground, which had always been
distasteful to him compared with a shepherd's life on the hills, was now
made more toilsome and dangerous than ever, while Black Thompson followed
him everywhere and all day long with oaths and blows. Stephen's evident
superiority over the other boys was of course very much against him; for
he had never been much associated with them, as his distant home had
separated him from them excepting during the busy hours of labour. Now,
when, through his own self-satisfaction and Tim's loud praises, his
accomplishments became known, it is no wonder that a storm of envy and
jealousy raged round him; for not only the boys themselves, but their
fathers also, felt affronted at his wonderful scholarship. To be sure,
Tim never deserted him, and his partisanship was especially useful on the
bank, before he went down and after he came up from the pit. But below,
in the dark, dismal passages of the pit, many a stripe, unmerited, fell
upon his bruised shoulders, which he learned to bear the more patiently
after Miss Anne had taught and explained to him the verse, 'But He was
wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the
chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are
healed.' Still Stephen, feeling how hard it was to continue in the right
way, and knowing how often he failed, to his own sore mortification and
the rude triumph of his comrades, wondered exceedingly how it was
possible for Miss Anne to find it as hard to be a follower of Christ as
he did.



The middle weeks of August were come--sunny, sultry weeks; and from the
brow of the hill, all the vast plain lying westward for many miles looked
golden with the corn ripening for harvest. The oats in the little field
had already been reaped; and the fruit in the garden, gathered and sold
by Martha, had brought in a few shillings, which were carefully hoarded
up to buy winter clothing. It was now the time of the yearly gathering of
bilberries on the hills; and tribes of women and children ascended to the
tableland from all the villages round. It was the pleasantest work of the
year; and Martha, who had never missed the bilberry season since she
could remember, was not likely to miss it now. Even little Nan could help
to pick the berries, and she and Martha were out on the hillsides all the
livelong summer day. Their dwelling on the spot gave them a good
advantage over those who lived down in Botfield; and each day, before any
of the others could reach the best bilberry-wires, they had already
picked a quart of the small purple berries, fresh and cool with the dew
of the morning. Only the poor old grandfather had to be left at home
alone, with his dinner put ready for him, which he was apt to eat up long
before the proper dinner-hour came; and then he had to wait until Stephen
returned from his work, or Martha and little Nan were driven home by the
August thunderstorms. Martha was wonderfully successful this year, and
gained more money by selling her bilberries than she thought necessary to
show to Stephen; though, on his part, he always brought her every penny
of his wages.

Ever since their father's funeral there had been a subject of dispute
between the brother and sister. Martha was bent upon enclosing the green
dell, with its clear, cool little pond; and to this end she spent all the
time she could spare in raising a rough fence of stones and peat round
it. But Stephen would not consent to it; and neither argument, scolding,
nor coaxing could turn him. He always answered that he had promised the
master that he would not trespass on the manor; and he must stand to his
word, whatever they might lose by it; though, indeed, he saw no harm in
making green fields out of the waste land. Martha, on her side,
maintained her right as the eldest to act as she judged best; and,
moreover, urged the example of her thrifty grandmother, who had planned
this very enclosure, and whose pattern she was determined to follow. But
before long the dispute was ended, and the subject of it became a matter
of heart-troubling wonder, for several labourers from the master's farm
began to fence in the very same ground, as well as to prepare the turf
behind Fern's Hollow for the planting of young trees; and neither Stephen
nor Martha could hide from the other that these labours made them feel
exceedingly uneasy.

'I say, Stephen,' said one of the hedgers, as he was going down from his
work one evening, and met the tired boy coming up from his, 'I'm afeared
there's some mischief brewing. There's master, and Mr. Thomas, and Mr.
Jones the gamekeeper, been talking with thy grandfather nigh upon an
hour. There'll be a upshot some day, I know; and Jones, he said summat
about leaving a keepsake for thee.'

'What could it be, William?' asked Stephen anxiously.

'How should I know?' said the man, with some reluctance. 'Only, lad,
I did hear a gun go off; and I never heard Snip bark again, though I
listened for him. Stephen, Stephen, dunna thee go so mad like!'

But it was no use shouting after Stephen, as he ran frantically up the
hill. Snip was always basking lazily in the sunshine under the hedge of
the paddock, at the very point where he could catch the first sight of
his young master, after which there was no more idleness or stillness in
him. Stephen could hardly breathe when he found that Snip was not at the
usual place to greet him; but before he reached his home he saw it--the
dead body of his own poor Snip--hung on the post of the wicket through
which he had to pass. He flew to the place; he tore his own hands with
the nails that were driven through Snip's feet; and then, without a
thought of his grandfather or of his own hunger, he bore away the dead
dog in his arms, and wandered far out of sight or sound of the hateful,
cruel world, into one of the most solitary plains upon the uplands.

Any one passing by might have thought that Stephen was fast asleep in the
last slanting rays of the sun, which shone upon him there some time after
the evening shadows had fallen upon Botfield; but a frenzy of passion,
too strong for any words, had felled him to the ground, where he lay
beside Snip. The gamekeeper, who had so many dogs that he did not care
for any one of them in particular, had killed this one creature that was
dearer to him than anything in the world, except little Nan, and
grandfather, and Martha. And Snip was dead, without remedy; no power on
earth could bring back the departed life. Oh, if he could only punish the
villain who had shot his poor faithful dog! But he was nothing but a poor
boy, very poor, and very helpless and friendless, and people would only
laugh at his trouble. All the world was against him, and he could do
nothing to revenge himself, but to hate everybody!

'Why, lad! why, Stephen! what ails thee?' said Black Thompson's voice,
close behind him. 'Eh! who's gone and shot Snip? That rascal Jones, I'll
go bail! Is he quite dead, Stephen? Stand up, lad, and let's give a look
at him.'

The boy rose, and faced Black Thompson and his comrade with eyes that
were bloodshot, though he had not shed a tear, and with lips almost
bitten through by his angry teeth. Both the men handled the dog gently
and carefully, but, after a moment's inspection, Thompson laid it down
again on the turf.

'It's a shame!' he cried, with an oath that sounded pleasantly in
Stephen's ears; 'it was one of the best little dogs about. I'd take my
vengeance on him for this. In thy place, I couldn't sleep till I'd done

'Ay!' said Stephen, with flashing eyes; 'I know where he's keeping a
covey of birds up against game day--nineteen of them. I've seen them
every day, and I could go to the place in the dark.'

'That's a brave lad!' said Black Thompson; 'he's got his father's pluck
after all, as I've always told thee, Davies, and we'll see him righted.
He's got his eyes in his head, has this lad!'

'They're down in the leasowe, between the Firspinny and Ragleth Hill,'
continued Stephen; 'and they're just prime, I can tell ye. And I know,
too, what he doesn't know himself. I know to some black game, far away
up the hill. He'd give his two eyes to see them, with their white
wing-feathers; and if he hadn't'--

Stephen stopped, with quivering lips, for he could not speak yet of
Snip's murder.

'Never take on, my lad,' said Black Thompson, clapping him on the back;
'we'll spoil his sport for him. Come thy ways with us; it'll be dark dusk
afore we gain the spinny, and Jones is off to the Whitehurst woods
to-night. We'll have as rare sport as the lord of the manor himself. Thee
art a sharp one. I'd lay a round wager, now, thee knows where all the
sheep of the hillside fold of nights.'

'Ay, do I,' answered Stephen, walking briskly beside Black Thompson; 'I
know every walk and every fold on the hills; ay, and many of the sheep
themselves. I keep my eyes wide open out of doors, I promise ye.'

'I'll swear to that,' said Black Thompson, glad to encourage the boy in
his foolish boasting. On their way they passed near to Fern's Hollow, and
Stephen heard little Nan's shrill voice calling his name, as if she were
seeking him weariedly; but when he hesitated for a moment, his heart
yearning to answer her, Black Thompson again patted him on the back, and
bade him never show the white feather, but remember poor dead Snip; at
which his passion for revenge returned, and he pressed on eagerly to the

It was quite dark when they entered the path leading through the wood. No
one spoke now, and they trod cautiously, lest there should be any noise
from their footsteps. The tall black fir-trees towered above them to an
unusual height; and through all the topmost branches there ran a low,
mournful sound, as if every tree was whispering about them, and lamenting
over them. Even the little brook, which in the sunshine rippled so
merrily along the borders of the wood, seemed to be sobbing like a
grieved and tired child in the night-time. Strange rustlings on every
side, and sudden groanings of the withered boughs in some of the pines,
made them start in fear; and once, in a little opening among the trees,
when the stars came out and looked down upon them, Stephen would have
given all he had in the world to be safe at home, with little Nan singing
hymns on his knee, or quietly asleep after the hot and busy day.

'It's lonesome enough to make a bull-dog afeared,' whispered Davies, in
a frightened tone. But before long they were out of the wood; and in the
glimmer of light that lasts all night through during the summer, Stephen
saw Black Thompson unwind a net, which had been wrapped round his body
under his collier's jacket. More than half the covey of partridges were
bagged; and they had such capital luck, as the men called it, that
Stephen soon entered into the daring spirit of the adventure. It sent
a thrill of excitement through him, in which poor Snip was for the time
forgotten; and when about midnight Black Thompson and Davies said
'Good-night' to him at his cottage door, calling him a brave fellow, and
giving him a fine young leveret, with the promise that he should have his
share of whatever money they received for their spoil, he entered his
dark home, where every one was slumbering peacefully, and, without a
thought of sorrow or repentance, was quickly asleep himself.



Martha's exclamation of surprise and delight at seeing the leveret was
the first sound that Stephen heard in the morning; but he preserved a
sullen silence as to his absence the previous night, and Martha was too
shrewd to press him with questions. They had not been unused to such fare
during their father's lifetime; and it was settled between them that she
should come down from the bilberry-plain early in the afternoon to make a
feast of the leveret by the time of Stephen's return from the pit.

All day long Stephen found himself treated with marked distinction and
favour by Black Thompson and his comrades, to some of whom he heard him
say, in a loud whisper, that 'Stephen 'ud show himself a chip of the old
block yet.' At dinner they invited him to sit within their circle, where
he laughed and talked with the best of them, and was listened to as if he
were already a man. How different to his usually hurried meal beside the
horses, that worked like himself in the dark, close passages, but did
not, like him, ascend each evening to the grassy fields and the pure air
of the upper earth! Stephen had a true tenderness in his nature towards
these dumb fellow-labourers, and they loved the sound of his voice, and
the kindly patting of his hand; but somehow he felt as if they knew how
he had left his faithful old Snip unburied on the open hillside, where
Black Thompson had found him in his passion the evening before. He was
not sorry for what he had done; he would avenge himself on the gamekeeper
again whenever there was an opportunity. Even now, he promised Black
Thompson, when they were away from the other colliers, to show him the
haunts of the scarce black grouse, which would be so valuable to the
gamekeeper; and he enjoyed Black Thompson's applause. But there was a
sore pang in his heart, as he remembered dead Snip, unburied on the

Supper was ready when he reached home; and what a savoury smell came
through the open door, quite down to the wicket! Of course Snip was not
watching for him; and little Nan also, instead of looking out for him as
usual, was waiting eagerly to be helped; for, as soon as Stephen was seen
over the brow of the hill, Martha poured her dainty stew into a large
brown dish, and she had already portioned out a plateful for the
grandfather. Few words were uttered, for Martha was hot, and rather
testy; and Stephen felt a sullen weight hanging upon his spirits. Only
every now and then the old grandfather, chuckling and mumbling over the
uncommon delicacy, would call Stephen by his father's name of James, and
thank him for his rare supper.

'Good evening,' said Miss Anne's voice, and as the light from the doorway
was darkened, all the party looked up quickly, and Stephen felt himself
growing hot and cold by turns. 'Your supper smells very nice, Martha;
there has been some good cooking done to-day.'

'Oh, Miss Anne,' cried Martha, colouring up with excitement and fear, 'it
is a young leveret Mrs. Jones, the gamekeeper's wife, gave me for some
knitting I'd done for her; she said it 'ud be a treat for grandfather.
I've been cooking it all evening, ma'am, and it's very toothsome. If
you'd only just taste a mouthful, it 'ud make me ever so proud.'

'Thank you, Martha,' said Miss Anne, smiling; 'I am quite hungry with
climbing the hill, and if it is as good as the bread you gave me the
other day, I shall enjoy having my supper with you.'

Stephen scarcely heard what Miss Anne said to him, while he watched
Martha bustling about to reach out a grand china plate, which was one of
the great treasures of their possessions; and he looked on silently as
she chose the daintiest morsels of the stew; but when she moved the
little table nearer to the door, and laid the plate and knife and fork
upon it, before Miss Anne, he started to his feet, unable to sit still
and see her partake of the food which he had procured in such a manner.

'Don't touch it! don't taste it, Miss Anne!' he cried excitedly. 'Oh,
please to come out with me to the bent of the hill, and I'll tell you
why. But don't eat any of it!'

He darted out at the door before Martha could stop him, and ran down the
green path to a place where he was out of sight and hearing of his home,
waiting breathlessly for Miss Anne to overtake him. It was some minutes
before she came, and her face was overcast and troubled; but she listened
in silence, while, without concealment, but with many bitter and
passionate words against the gamekeeper, and excuses for his own conduct,
he confessed to her all the occurrences of the night before. Every moment
his agitation increased under her quiet, mournful look of reproach,
until, as he came to the close, he cried out in a sorrowful but defiant
tone, 'Oh, Miss Anne, I could not bear it!'

'Do you remember,' she asked, in a low and tender voice, 'how poor Snip
used to follow me down to this very spot, and sit here till I was out of
sight? I was very fond of poor old Snip, Stephen!' Yes, her voice
trembled, and tears were in her eyes. The proud bulwark which Stephen had
been raising against his grief was broken down in a moment. He sank down
on the turf at Miss Anne's feet; and, no longer checking the tears which
had been burning in his eyes all day, he wept and sobbed vehemently,
until his passion had worn away.

'And now,' said Miss Anne, sitting down beside him, 'I must tell you
that, though I am not surprised, I am very, very grieved, Stephen. If you
knew your Bible more, you would have read this verse in it, "God is
faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able;
but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be
able to bear it." Did no way of escape open to you, Stephen?'

Then Stephen remembered how he had heard dear little Nan calling
piteously to him as he passed Fern's Hollow with Black Thompson; and how
his heart yearned to go to her, though he had resisted and conquered this
saving impulse.

'You do not know much,' continued Miss Anne, 'but if you had followed out
all you do know, instead of poaching with Black Thompson that you might
revenge yourself for Snip being killed, you would have been praying for
them that persecute you. The Bible says that not a sparrow falls to the
ground without our Father. So God knew that poor Snip was shot.'

'But why did He not hinder it?' asked Stephen, speaking low and

'Stephen,' said Miss Anne earnestly, 'suppose that I lived in a very
grand palace, where there were many things that you had never seen, and I
wanted little Nan to come and live with me, not as a servant, but as my
dear child; would it be unkind of me to send her first to a school, where
she could learn how to read the books, and understand the pictures, and
play the music she would find in my palace? Even if the lessons were
often hard, and some of her schoolfellows were cruel and unkind to her,
would it not be better for her to bear it for a little while, until she
was made ready to live with me as my own child?'

The young lady paused for a few minutes, while Stephen pictured to
himself the grand palace, and little Nan being made fit to live in it;
and when at last he raised his brown eyes to hers, bright with the
pleasant thought, she went on in a quiet, reverential tone:

'Perhaps we could not understand any of the things of heaven, so our
Father which is in heaven sends us to school here; we are learning
lessons all our life long. There is not a single trouble that comes to us
but it is to teach us the meaning of something we shall meet with there.
We should not be happy to hear the angels singing a song which we could
not understand, because we had missed our lessons down here.'

'Oh, Miss Anne,' cried Stephen, 'I feel as if I could bear anything when
I think of that! Only I wish I was as strong as an angel.'

'Patience is better than strength,' said Miss Anne, in a tone as if she
were speaking to herself: 'patiently to bear the will of God, and
patiently to keep His commandments, is greater and more glorious than the
strength of an angel.'

'Black Thompson was so kind to me all to-day,' said Stephen, sighing;
'and now he'll be ten times worse if I go back from telling him where the
black game is.'

'You must do right,' replied Miss Anne, with a glance that brought back
true courage to the boy's heart; 'and remember that "blessed are they
which are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom
of heaven." Now, good-night, Stephen. Go and bury poor Snip while there
is daylight, in some quiet place where you can go and think and read and
play sometimes.'

Stephen returned to the hut for a spade, and then went, with a strange
blending of grief and gladness, to the place where he had left his poor
dog. He chose a solitary yew tree on the hill for the burial ground, and
dug as deep a grave as he could among the far-spreading roots. It was
strange, only such things do happen now and then, that while he was
working away hard and fast, with the dead dog lying by under the trunk of
the yew tree, the gamekeeper himself passed that way. He had been in a
terrible temper all day, for he had discovered the mischief done down in
the fir-coppice, and the loss of his carefully-preserved covey. The sight
of Stephen and dead Snip irritated him; though a feeling of shame crept
over him as he saw how tear-stained the boy's face was.

'Mr. Jones,' said Stephen, 'I've something to say to you.'

'Be sharp, then,' replied the gamekeeper, 'and mind what you're about.
I'll not take any impudence from a young rascal like you.'

'It's no impudence,' answered Stephen; 'only I know to some black game,
and I wanted to tell you about them.'

'Black game!' he said contemptuously. 'A likely story. There's been none
these half-dozen years.'

'It's four years since,' answered Stephen; 'I remember, because
grandfather and I saw them the day mother died, when little Nan was born.
I couldn't forget them or mistake them after that. They are at the head
of the Black Valley, where the quaking noise begins. I'm sure I'm right,

'You are not making game of me?' asked Jones, laughing heartily at his
own wit. 'Well, my lad, if this is true, it will be worth something to
me. Hark ye, I'm sorry about your dog, and you shall choose any one of
mine you like, if you'll promise to keep him out of mischief.'

'I couldn't have another dog in Snip's place,' replied Stephen in a
choked voice; 'at any rate not yet, thank you, sir.'

'Well,' said the gamekeeper, shouldering his gun, and walking off, 'I'll
be your friend, young Fern, when it does not hurt myself.'



Of course Stephen's brief term of favour with Black Thompson was at an
end; but whether Miss Anne had given him a hint that the boy was under
her protection, and had confessed all to her, or because he might be
busy in some deeper scheme of wickedness, he did not display as much
anger as Stephen expected, when he refused to show him the haunts of
the grouse, or go with him again on a poaching expedition. Stephen was
more humble and vigilant than he had been before falling into temptation.
He set a close watch upon himself, lest he should be betrayed into a
self-confident spirit again; and Tim's loud praises sounded less
pleasantly in his ears, so that one evening he told him, with much shame,
into what sin he had been led by his desire to avenge Snip's murder.
Unfortunately, this disclosure so much heightened Tim's estimation of his
character, that from time to time he gave utterance to mysterious hints
of the extraordinary courage and spirit Stephen could manifest when
occasion required. These praises were, however, in some measure balanced
by Martha's taunts and reproaches at home.

The shooting season had commenced, and the lord of the manor was come,
with a number of his friends, to shoot over the hills and plantations. He
was a frank, pleasant-looking gentleman, but far too grand and high for
Stephen to address, though he gazed wistfully at him whenever he chanced
to meet him on the hills. One afternoon Martha saw him and the master
walking towards Fern's Hollow, where the fencing-in of the green and of
the coppice behind the hut were being finished rapidly; and she crept
with stealthy steps under the hedge of the garden, until she came within
earshot of them; but they were just moving on, and all she heard of the
conversation were these words, from the lord of the manor: 'You shall
have it at any rate you fix, Wyley--at a peppercorn rent, if you please;
but I will not sell a square yard of my land out and out.' How Martha and
Stephen did talk about those words over and over again, and could never
come to any conclusion about them.

It was about noon on Michaelmas Day, a day which was of no note up at
Fern's Hollow, where there was no rent to be paid, and Martha was busily
hanging out clothes to dry on the gorse bushes before the house, when she
saw a troop of labourers coming over the brow of the hill and crossing
the newly-enclosed pasture. They were armed with mattocks and pickaxes;
but as the peaceful little cottage rose before them, with blind old Fern
basking in the warm sunshine, and little Nan playing quietly about the
door-sill, the men gathered into a little knot, and stood still with an
irresolute and ashamed aspect.

'They know nothing about it,' said William Morris; 'look at them, as
easy and unconcerned as lambs. I was afeared there'd be a upshot, when
the master were after old Fern so long. I don't half like the job; and
Stephen isn't here. He does look a bit like a man, and we could argy with
him; but that old man, and that girl--they'll take on so.'

'I say, Martha,' shouted a bolder-hearted man, 'hasn't the master let
thee know thee must turn out to-day? He wants to lay the foundation of a
new house, and get the walls up afore the frost comes on; and we are come
to pick the old place to the ground. He only told us an hour ago, or we'd
have seen thee was ready.'

'I don't believe thee; thee's only romancing,' said Martha, turning very
pale. 'The old place is our own, and no master has any right to it, save

'It's no use wasting breath,' replied William Morris. 'The master says
he's bought the place from thy grandfather, lass; and he agreed to turn
out by noon on Michaelmas Day. Master doesn't want to be hard upon you;
and he says, if you've no place to turn in to, you may go to the old
cabin on the upper cinder-hill, till there's a cottage empty in Botfield;
and we'll help thee to move the things at wunst. We're to get the roof
off and the walls down afore nightfall.'

'Grandfather and little Nan!' screamed Martha; 'get into the house this
minute! It's no use you men coming up here on this errand. You know
grandfather's simple, and he hasn't sold the house; how could he? He's no
more sense than little Nan. No, no; you must go down to the works, and
hear what Stephen says. You're a pack of rascals, every one of you, and
the master's the biggest; and you'll all have to gnash your teeth over
this business some day, I reckon.'

By this time the old man and the child were safely within the house;
and Martha, springing quickly from the wicket, where she had kept the
men at bay, followed them in, and barred the door, before any one of
the labourers could thrust his shoulder in to prevent her. They held a
consultation together when they found that no arguments prevailed upon
her to open to them, to which Martha listened disdainfully through the
large chinks, but vouchsafed no answer.

'Come, come, my lass,' said William Morris soothingly; 'it's lost time
and strength, thee contending with the master. I don't like the business;
but our orders are clear, and we must obey them. Thee let us in, and
we'll carry the things down to the cinder-hill cabin for thee. If thee
won't open the door, we'll be forced to take the thatch off.'

'I won't,' answered Martha,--'not for the lord of the manor himself. The
house is ours, and I 'ware any of you to touch it. Go down to Stephen and
hear what he'll say. If thee takes the thatch off, thee shan't move me

But when the old stove-pipe, through which the last breath of the
household fire had passed, was drawn up, and the blue sky could be seen
through the cloud of dust and dirt with which the hut was filled, choking
the helpless old man and the frightened child, Martha's courage failed
her; and she went out, with little Nan clinging round her, and spoke as
calmly to the invaders as her rising sobs would let her.

'You know it's grandmother's own house,' she said; 'and the lord of the
manor himself has no right to it. But I'll go down and fetch Stephen, if
you'll only wait.'

'We daren't wait, Martha,' answered Morris kindly; 'and it's no use,
lass; the master's too many for thee. But thee go down to Stephen; and
we'll move the things safe, as if they were our own, and put them where
they'll not be broken; and we'll take care of little Nan and thy poor old
grandfather. Tell Stephen we're desperately cut up about it ourselves;
but, if we hadn't done it, somebody that has no good-will towards him
would have taken the job. So go thy poor ways with thee, my lass; we are
main sorry for thee and Stephen.'

The hot, choking smoke from the limekiln was blowing across the works;
and the dusty pit-bank was covered with busy men and boys and girls,
shouting, laughing, singing, and swearing, when Martha arrived at
Botfield. She was rarely seen at the pit, for her thrifty and housewifely
habits kept her busy at Fern's Hollow; and the rough, loud voices of the
banksmen, the regular beat of the engine, the clanking of chains, and the
dust and smoke and heat of the almost strange scene bewildered the
hillside girl. She made her way to the cabin, a little hut built near the
mouth of the shaft for the use of the people employed about the pit; but
before she could see Tim, or fix upon any one to inquire about Stephen
from, a girl of her own age, but with a face sunburnt and blackened from
her rough and unwomanly work, and in an uncouth dress of sackcloth, which
was grimed with coal-dust, came up and peered boldly in her face.

'Why, it's Miss Fern!' she cried, with a loud laugh; 'Miss Fern, Esq.,
of Fern's Hollow, come to learn us poor pit-folk scholarship and manners.
Here, lads! here's Mr. Stephen Fern's fine sister, as knows more nor all
of us put together. Give us a bit of your learning, Miss Fern.'

'I know a black-bess when I see one,' replied Martha sharply; and all the
boys and girls joined in a ready roar of merriment against Bess Thompson,
whose nickname was the common country name for a beetle.

'That'll do!' they shouted; 'she knows a black-bess! Thee's got thy
answer, Bess Thompson.'

'What's brought thee to the pit?' asked Bess fiercely; 'we want no
scatter-witted hill girls here, I can tell ye. So get off the pit-bank,
afore I drive thee off.'

'What's all this hullabaloo?' inquired Tim, making his appearance at the
cabin door. 'Why, Martha, what brings thee at the pit? Come in here, and
tell me what's up now.'

Tim listened to Martha's tearful story with great amazement and
indignation; and, after a few minutes' consideration, he told her he had
nothing much to do, and he would get leave to take Stephen's place for
the rest of the day, so as to set him free to go home at once. He left
her standing in the middle of the cabin, for the rough benches round it
looked too black for her to venture to take a seat upon them; and in a
short time he shouted to her from a skep, which was being lowered into
the pit, promising her that Stephen should come up as soon as possible.
It seemed a terribly long time to wait amid that noise and dust, and
every now and then Black Bess relieved her feelings by making hideous
grimaces at her when she passed the cabin door; but Stephen ascended at
last, very stern-looking and silent, for Tim had told him Martha's
business; and he hurried her away from the pit-bank before he would
listen to the detailed account she was longing to give. Even when they
were in the lonely lane leading homewards, and she was talking and
sobbing herself out of breath, he walked on without a word passing his
lips, though his heart was sending up ceaseless prayers to God for help
to bear this trial with patience. Poor old home! There was all the
well-used household furniture carried out and heaped together on the
turf,--chairs and tables and beds,--looking so differently to what they
did when arranged in their proper order. The old man, with his grey head
uncovered, was wandering to and fro in sore bewilderment; and little Nan
had fallen asleep beside the furniture, with the trace of tears upon her
rosy cheeks. But the house was almost gone. The door-sill, where Stephen
had so often seen the sun go down as he rested himself from his labours,
was already taken up; the old grate, round which they had sat all the
winter nights that he had ever known, was pulled out of the rock; and all
the floor was open to the mocking sunshine. It is a mournful thing to see
one's own home in ruins; and a tear or two made a white channel down the
coal-dust on Stephen's cheeks; but he subdued himself, and spoke out to
the labourers like a man.

'I know it's not your fault,' he said, as they stood round him, making
explanations and excuses; 'but you know grandfather could not sell the
place. I'll get you to help me carry the things down to the cinder-hill
cabin. The sheep and ponies are coming down the hill, and there'll be
rain afore long; and it's not fit for grandfather and little Nan to be
out in it. You'll spare time from the work for that?'

'Ay, will we!' cried the men heartily; and, submitting kindly to
Stephen's quiet directions, they were soon laden with the household
goods, which were scanty and easily removed. Two or three journeys were
sufficient to take them all; and when the labourers returned for the last
time to their work of destruction, Stephen took little Nan in his arms,
and Martha led away the old man; while the sound of the pickaxes and the
crash of the rough rubble stones of their old home followed their slow
and lingering steps over the new pasture, and down the hillside towards



The cinder-hill cabin was situated at the mouth of an old shaft, long out
of use, but said to lead into the same pit as that now worked, the
entrance to which was about a quarter of a mile distant. The cabin was
about the same size as the hut from which the helpless family had been
driven; but the thatch wanted so much mending that Stephen and Martha
were obliged to draw over it one of their patchwork quilts, to shelter
them for the night from the rain which was threatened by the gathering
clouds. The door from the hut at Fern's Hollow was fortunately rather too
large instead of being too small for the doorway; and William Morris
promised to bring them a shutter for the window-place, where there was no
glass. Altogether, the cabin was not very inferior to their old home;
but, instead of the soft green turf and the fragrant air of the hills,
they were surrounded by barren cinder-heaps, upon which nothing would
grow but the yellow coltsfoot and a few weeds, and the wind was blowing
clouds of smoke from the limekilns over and round the dismal cabin.
Stephen, with the profound silence that began to frighten Martha, made
every arrangement he could think of for their comfort during the
quickly-approaching night; and as soon as this was finished, he washed
and dressed himself, as upon a Sunday morning, before going to meet Miss
Anne in the Red Gravel Pit. He was leaving the cabin without speaking,
when little Nan, who had watched everything in childish bewilderment and
dismay, set up a loud, pitiful cry, which he soothed with great

'Stevie going to live here?' said the little child at last, with a deep

'Ay, little Nan,' he answered; 'for a bit, darling. Please God, we'll go
home again some day. But little Nan shall always live with Stevie.
That'll do; won't it?'

'Ay, Stevie,' sobbed the child; and Stephen, kissing her tenderly, put
her on to Martha's lap, and walked out into the moonlight. The clouds
were hanging heavily in the western sky, but the clearer heavens shone
all the brighter by the contrast. The mountains lay before him, calm and
immovable in the soft light; and he could see the round outline of his
own hollow, at which his heart throbbed for a minute painfully. But there
was a hidden corner at the side of the cabin, and there Stephen knelt
down to pray earnestly before he went farther on his errand, until, calm
and quiet as the hills, and as the moon which seemed to be gazing
lovingly upon them, he went on with a brave and stedfast spirit to the
master's house.

Botfield Hall was a large, half-timbered farmhouse, with a gabled roof,
part of which was made of thatch and the rest of tiles. It stood quite
alone, at a little distance from the works, on the other side of them to
that where the village was built. The window-casements were framed of
stone; and the outer doors were of thick, solid oak, studded with
large-headed iron nails. The iron ring that served as a rapper on the
back door fell with a loud clang from Stephen's fingers upon the nails,
and startled him with its din, so that he could hardly speak to the
servant who answered his noisy summons. They crossed a kitchen, into
which many doors opened, to a kind of parlour beyond, fitted up with
furniture that looked wonderfully handsome and grand in Stephen's eyes,
and where the master was sitting by a comfortable fire. The impatient
servant pushed him within the door, and closed it behind her, leaving him
standing upon a mat, and shyly stroking his cap round and round, while
the master sat still, and gazed at him steadily with an assumed air of
amazement, though inwardly he was more afraid of the boy than Stephen was
of him. It makes a coward of a man or boy to do anybody an injury.

'Pray, what business brings you here, young Fern?' he asked in a gruff

'Sir,' said Stephen firmly, but without any insolence of manner, 'I want
to know who has turned us out of our own house. Is it the lord of the
manor, or you?'

'I've bought the place for myself,' answered the master, bringing his
hand down with a heavy blow upon the table before him, as if he would
like to knock Stephen down with the same force.

'There's nobody to sell it but me,' said the boy.

'You think so, my lad, do you? Why, if it were your own, you would have
no power over it till you are one-and-twenty. But the place was your
grandfather's, and he has sold it to me for £15. When your grandfather
returned from transportation his wife's hut became his; and his right to
it does not go over to anybody else till he is dead. It never belonged to
your father; and you can have no right to it. If you want to see the deed
of purchase, it is safe here, witnessed by my brother Thomas and Jones
the gamekeeper, and your grandfather's mark put to it. I would show it to
you; but I reckon, with all your learning, you would not make much out of

'Sir,' said Stephen, trembling, 'grandfather is quite simple and dark. He
couldn't understand that you were buying the place of him. Besides, he's
never had the money?'

'What do you mean, you young scoundrel?' cried the master. 'I gave it
into his own hands, and made him put it into his waistcoat pocket for
safety. Simple is he, and dark? He could attend his son's funeral four
miles off only a few months ago; and he can understand my niece Anne's
fine reading, which I cannot understand myself. Ask him for the three
five-pound notes I gave him, if you have not had them already.'

'How long ago is it?' inquired Stephen.

'You can't remember!' said the master, laughing: 'well, well, Jones left
you a keepsake at your garden wicket for you to remember the day by.'

Stephen's face flushed into a wrathful crimson, but he did not speak; and
in a minute or two the master said sharply,--

'Come, be off with you, if you've got nothing else to say.'

'I have got something else to say,' answered Stephen, walking up to the
table and looking steadily into his master's face. 'God sees both of us;
and He knows you have no right to the place, and I have. I believe some
day we'll go back again, though you have pulled the old house down to the
ground. I don't want to make God angry with _me_. But the Bible says He
seeth in secret, and He will reward us openly.'

The master shrank and turned pale before the keen, composed gaze of the
boy and his manly bearing; but Stephen's heart began to fail him, and,
with trembling limbs and eyes that could scarcely see, he made his way
out of the room, and out of the house, down to the end of the shrubbery.
There he could bear up no longer, and he sat down under the laurels,
shivering with a feeling of despair. The worst was come upon him now, and
he saw no helper.

'My poor boy,' said Miss Anne's gentle voice, and he felt her hand laid
softly on his shoulder. 'My poor Stephen, I have heard all, and I know
how bitterly hard it is to bear.'

Stephen answered her only with a low, half-suppressed groan; and then he
sat speechless and motionless, as if his despair had completely paralyzed

'Listen, Stephen,' she continued, with energy: 'you told me once that the
clergyman at Danesford has some paper belonging to you, about the
cottage. You must go to him, and tell him frankly your whole story. I do
not believe that what my uncle has done would stand in law, and I myself,
if it be necessary, would testify that your grandfather could not
understand such a transaction. But perhaps it could be settled without
going to law, if the clergyman at Danesford would take it in hand; for my
uncle is very wishful to keep a good name in the country. But if not,
Stephen Fern, I promise you faithfully that should Fern's Hollow ever
come into my possession, and I be my uncle's only relative, I will
restore it to you as your rightful inheritance.'

She spoke so gravely, yet cheeringly, that a bright hope beamed into
Stephen's mind; and when Miss Anne held out her hand to him, as a pledge
of her promise, she felt a warm tear fall upon it. He rose up from the
ground now, and stood out into the moonlight before her, looking up into
her pale face.

'Stephen,' she said, more solemnly than before, 'do you find it possible
to endure this injury and temptation?'

'I've been praying for the master,' answered Stephen; but there was a
tone of bitterness in his voice, and his face grew gloomy again.

'He is a very miserable man,' said Miss Anne, sighing; 'I often hear him
walking up and down his room, and crying aloud in the night-time for God
to have mercy upon him; but he is a slave to the love of riches. Years
ago he might have broken through his chain, but he hugged it closely, and
now it presses upon him very hardly. All his love has been given to
money, till he cannot feel any love to God; and he knows that in a few
years he must leave all he loves for ever, and go into eternity without
it. He will have no rest to-night because of the injury he has done you.
He is a very wretched man, Stephen.'

'I wouldn't change with him for all his money,' said Stephen pityingly.

'Stephen,' continued Miss Anne, 'you say you pray for my uncle, and I
believe you do; but do you never feel a kind of spite and hatred against
him in your very prayers? Have you never seemed to enjoy telling our
Father how very evil he is?'

'Yes,' said the boy, hanging down his head, and wondering how Miss Anne
could possibly know that.

'Ah, Stephen,' she continued, 'God requires of us something more than
such prayers. He bids us really and truly to love our enemies--love which
He only can know of, because it is He who seeth in secret and into the
inmost secrets of our hearts. I may hear you pray for your enemies, and
see you try to do them good; but He alone can tell whether of a truth you
love them.'

'I cannot love them as I love you and little Nan,' replied Stephen.

'Not with the same kind of love,' said Miss Anne; 'in us there is
something for your love to take hold of and feed upon. "But if ye love
them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the
same?" Your affection for us is the kind that sinners can feel; it is of
this earth, and is earthly. But to love our enemies is heavenly; it is
Christ-like, for He died for us while we were _yet_ sinners. Will you try
to do more than pray for my uncle and Black Thompson? Will you try to
love them. Will you try for Christ's sake?'

'Oh, Miss Anne, how can I?' he asked.

'It may not be all at once,' she answered tenderly; 'but if you ask God
to help you, His Holy Spirit will work within you. Only set this before
you as your aim, and resist every other feeling that will creep in;
remembering that the Lord Jesus Himself, who died for us, said to us,
"Love your enemies." He can feel for you, for "He was tempted in all
points as we are."'

As she spoke the last words, they heard the master's voice calling loudly
for Miss Anne, and Stephen watched her run swiftly up the shrubbery and
disappear through the door. There was a great bolting and locking and
barring to be heard within, for it was rumoured that Mr. Wyley kept large
sums of money in his house, and no place in the whole country-side was
more securely fastened up by day or night. But Stephen thought of him
pacing up and down his room through the sleepless night, praying God to
have mercy upon him, yet not willing to give up his sin; and as he turned
away to the poor little cabin on the cinder-hill, there was more pity
than revenge in the boy's heart.



The report of the expulsion of the family from Fern's Hollow spread
through Botfield before morning; and Stephen found an eager cluster of
men, as well as boys and girls, awaiting his appearance on the pit-bank.
There was the steady step and glance of a man about him when he came--a
grave, reserved air, which had an effect upon even the rough colliers.
Black Thompson came forward to shake hands with him, and his example was
followed by many of the others, with hearty expressions of sympathy and
attempts at consolation.

'It'll be put right some day,' said Stephen; and that was all they could
provoke him to utter. He went down to his work; and, though now and then
the recollection thrilled through him that there was no pleasant Fern's
Hollow for him to return to in the evening, none of his comrades could
betray him into any expression of resentment against his oppressor.

In the meantime Miss Anne did not forget to visit the cabin, and cheer,
as well as she could, the trouble of poor Martha, whose good and proud
housewifery had kept Fern's Hollow cleaner and tidier than any of the
cottages at Botfield. It was no easy matter to rouse Martha to take any
interest in the miserable cabin where the household furniture had been
hastily heaped in the night before; but when her heart warmed to the
work, in which Miss Anne was taking an active part, she began to feel
something like pleasure in making the new home like the old one, as far
as the interior went. Out of doors, no improvement could be made until
soil could be carried up the barren and steep bank, to make a little plot
of garden ground. But within, the work went on so heartily that, when
Stephen returned from the pit, half an hour earlier than usual,--for he
had no long walk of two miles now,--he found his grandfather settled in
the chimney corner, apparently unconscious of any removal, while both
Martha and little Nan seemed in some measure reconciled to their change
of dwelling. Moreover, Miss Anne was waiting to greet him kindly.

'Stephen,' she said, 'Martha has found the three notes in your
grandfather's pocket all safe. You had better take them with you to the
clergyman at Danesford, and do what he advises you with them. And now you
are come to live at Botfield, you can manage to go to church every
Sunday; even little Nan can go; and there is a night-school at Longville,
where you can learn to write as well as read. It will not be all loss, my

The opportunity for going to Danesford was not long in coming, for Black
Thompson and Cole, who were the chief colliers in the pit, chose to take
a 'play-day' with the rest of their comrades; and the boys and girls
employed at the works were obliged to play also, though it involved the
forfeiture of their day's wages--always a serious loss to Stephen. This
time, however, he heard the news gladly; and, carefully securing the
three notes by pinning them inside his pocket, he set out for his ten
miles walk across the tableland to the other side of the mountains, where
Danesford lay. His nearest way led straight by Fern's Hollow, and he saw
that already upon the old site the foundation was laid for a new house
containing three rooms. In everything else the aspect of the place
remained unchanged; there still hung the creaking wicket, where little
Nan had been wont to look for his coming home, until she could run with
outstretched arms to meet him. The beehives stood yet beneath the hedge,
and the bees were flying to and fro, seeking out the few flowers of the
autumn upon the hillside. The fern upon the uplands, just behind the
hollow, was beginning to die, and its rich red-brown hue showed that it
was ready to be cut and carried away for fodder; but a squatter from some
other hill-hut had trespassed upon Stephen's old domain. Except this one
man, the whole tableland was deserted; and so silent was it that the
rustle of his own feet through the fading ferns sounded like other
footsteps following him closely. The sheep were not yet driven down into
the valleys, and they and the wild ponies stood and stared boldly at the
solitary boy, without fleeing from his path, as if they had long since
forgotten how the bilberry gatherers had delighted in frightening them.
Stephen was too grave and manlike to startle them into memory of it, and
he plodded on mile after mile with the three notes in his pocket and his
hand closed upon them, pondering deeply with what words he should speak
to the unknown clergyman at Danesford.

When he reached Danesford, he found it a very quiet, sleepy little
village, with a gleaming river flowing through it placidly, and such
respectable houses and small clean cottages as put to shame the dwellings
at Botfield. So early was it yet, that the village children were only
just going to school; and the biggest boy turned back with Stephen to the
gate of the Rectory. Stephen had never seen so large and grand a mansion,
standing far back from the road, in a park, through which ran a carriage
drive up to a magnificent portico. He stole shyly along a narrow side
path to the back door, and even there was afraid of knocking; but when
his low single rap was answered by a good-tempered-looking girl, not
much older than Martha, his courage revived, and he asked, in a
straightforward and steady manner, if he could see the parson. At which
the servant laughed a little, and, after inquiring his name, said she
would see if Mr. Lockwood could spare time to speak to him.

Before long the girl returned, and led Stephen through many winding and
twisting passages, more puzzling than the roads in the pit, to a large,
grand room, with windows down to the ground, and looking out upon a
beautiful flower-garden. It was like the palace Miss Anne had spoken of,
for he could not understand half the things that were in the room; only
he saw a fire burning in a low grate, the bars of which shone like
silver, and upon the carpeted hearth beside it was a sofa, where a young
lady was lying, and near to it was a breakfast-table, at which an elderly
gentleman was seated alone. He was a very keen, shrewd-looking man, and
very pleasant to look at when he smiled; and he smiled upon Stephen, as
he stood awe-struck and speechless at his own daring in coming to speak
to such a gentleman, and in such a place as this.

'So you are Stephen Fern, of Fern's Hollow,' said Mr. Lockwood; 'I
remember christening you, and giving you my own name, thirteen or
fourteen years since, isn't it? Your mother had been my faithful
servant for several years; and she brought you all across the hills
to Danesford to be christened. Is she well--my good Sarah Moore?'

'Mother died four years ago, sir,' murmured Stephen, unable to say any

'Poor boy!' said the young lady on the sofa. 'Father, is there anything
we can do for him?'

'That is what I am going to hear, my child,' replied Mr. Lockwood.
'Stephen has not come over the hills without some errand. Now, my boy,
speak out plainly and boldly, and let me hear what has brought you to
your mother's old master.'

Thus encouraged, Stephen, with the utmost simplicity and frankness,
though with fewer words than Martha would have put into the narrative,
told Mr. Lockwood the whole history of his life; to which the clergyman
listened with ever-increasing interest, as he noticed how the boy was
telling all the truth, and nothing but the truth, even to his joining
Black Thompson in poaching. When he had finished, Mr. Lockwood went to
a large cabinet in the room, and, bringing out a bundle of old yellow
documents, soon found among them the paper James Fern had spoken of on
his death-bed. It was written by the clergyman living in Longville at the
time of old Martha Fern's death, to certify that she had settled, and
maintained her settlement on the hillside, without paying rent, or having
her fences destroyed, for upwards of twenty years, and that the land was
her own by the usages of the common.

'I don't know what use it will be,' said Mr. Lockwood, 'but I will take
legal advice upon it; that is, I will tell my lawyer all about it, and
see what we had best do. You may leave the case in my hands, Stephen. But
to-morrow morning we start for the south of France, where my daughter
must live all the winter for the benefit of the warm climate; and I must
go with her, for she is my only treasure now. Can you live in your cabin
till we come home? Will you trust yourself to me, Stephen? I will not see
a son of my old servant wronged.'

'Please, sir,' said Stephen, 'the cabin is good enough for us, and we are
nearer church and the night-school; only I didn't like to break my word
to father, besides losing the old home: we can stay all winter well. I'll
trust you, sir; but my work is dangersome, and please God I should get
killed, will you do the same for Martha and little Nan?'

'Ay!' answered Mr. Lockwood, coughing down his emotion at the young boy's
forethought and care for his sisters. 'If it pleases God, my boy, you
will live to make a right good, true-hearted Christian man; but if He
should take you home before me, I'll befriend your sisters as long as I
live. I like your Miss Anne, Stephen; but your master is a terrible
rascal, I fear.'

'Yes, sir,' said Stephen quietly.

'You don't say much about him, however,' replied Mr. Lockwood, smiling at
his few words.

'Please, sir, I am trying to love my enemies,' he answered, with a
feeling of shyness; 'if I was to call him a rascal, or any other bad
word, it 'ud throw me back like, and it's very hard work anyhow. I feel
as if I'd like to do it sometimes.'

'You are right, Stephen,' said Mr. Lockwood; 'you are wise in keeping
your tongue from evil speaking: for "therewith bless we God, even the
Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude
of God. Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing." You have
taught an old parson a lesson, my boy. You had better leave your money
with me until my lawyer gives us his opinion. Now go home in peace, and
serve your master faithfully; but if you should need a friend before I
return, come here and ask for the clergyman who is going to take my duty.
I will tell him about you, and he will help you until I come home.'

That afternoon Stephen retraced his lonely path across the hills in great
gladness of heart; and when he came to Fern's Hollow, he leaped lightly
down the bank against which the old stove-pipe had been reared as a
chimney, and stood again on the site of the old hearth, in the midst of
the new walls of red bricks that were being built up. How the master
could remove the new house and restore the old hut was a question of some
perplexity to him; but his confidence in the parson at Danesford was so
perfect, that he did not doubt for a moment that he could call Fern's
Hollow his own again next spring.



Everybody at Botfield was astonished at the change in Stephen's manner;
so cheerful was he, and light-hearted, as if his brief manhood had passed
away, with its burden of cares and anxieties, and his boyish freedom and
gladsomeness had come back again. The secret cause remained undiscovered;
for Martha, fluent in tongue as she was, had enough discretion to keep
her own counsel, and seal up her lips as close as wax, when it was
necessary. The people puzzled themselves in vain; and Black Thompson left
off hinting at revenge to Stephen. Even the master, when the boy passed
him with a respectful bow, in which there was nothing of resentment or
sullenness, wondered how he could so soon forget the great injury he had
suffered. Mr. Wyley would have been better satisfied if the whole family
could have been driven out of the neighbourhood; but there was no knowing
what ugly rumours and inquiries might be set afloat, if the boy went
telling his tale to nobody knows whom.

Upon the whole, Martha did not very much regret her change of dwelling,
though she made a great virtue of her patience in submitting quietly to
it. To be sure, the cinder-hill was unsightly, and the cabin blackened
with smoke; and it was necessary to lock little Nan and grandfather
safely within the house whenever she went out, lest they should get to
the mouth of the open shaft, where Stephen often amused the child by
throwing stones down it, and listening to their rebound against the
sides. But still Martha had near neighbours; and until now she had hardly
even tasted the luxury of a thorough gossip, which she could enjoy in any
one of the cottages throughout Botfield. Moreover, she could get work for
herself on three days in the week, to help a washerwoman, who gave her
ninepence a day, besides letting little Nan go with her, and have, as she
said, 'the run of her teeth.' She had her admirers, too--young collier
lads, who told her truly enough she was the cleanest, neatest, tidiest
lass in all Botfield. So Martha Fern regarded their residence on the
cinder-hill with more complacency than could have been expected. The only
circumstance which in her secret heart she considered a serious drawback
was her very near neighbourhood to Miss Anne.

'Stephen,' said Martha one Saturday night, after their work was done,
'I've been thinking how it's only thee that's trying to keep the
commandments. I'm not such a scholar as thee; but I've heard thy chapter
read till it's in my head, as well as if I could read it off book myself.
So I'm thinking I ought to love my enemies as well as thee; and I've
asked Black Bess to come and have a cup of tea with us to-morrow.'

'Black Bess!' exclaimed Stephen, with a feeling of some displeasure.

'Ah,' said Martha, 'she's always calling me--a shame to be heard. But
I've quite forgiven her; and to-morrow I'll let her see I can make
pikelets as well as her mother; and we'll have out the three china cups;
only grandfather and little Nan must have common ones. I thought I'd
better tell thee; and then thee'lt make haste home from church in the

'Black Bess isn't a good friend for thee,' answered Stephen, who was
better acquainted with the pit-girl's character than was Martha, and felt
troubled at the idea of any companionship between them.

'But we are to love our enemies,' persisted Martha, 'and do good to them
that hate us. At any rate I asked her, and she said she'd come.'

'I don't think it means we are to ask our enemies to tea,' said Stephen,
in perplexity. 'If she was badly off, like, and in want of a meal's meat,
it 'ud be another thing; I'd do it gladly. And on a Sunday too! Oh,
Martha, it doesn't seem right.'

'Oh, nothing's right that I do!' replied Martha pettishly; 'thee'rt
afraid I'll get as good as thee, and then thee cannot crow over me. But
I'll not spend a farthing of thy money, depend upon it. I'm not without
some shillings of my own, I reckon. Thee should let me love my enemies as
well as thee, I think; but thee'lt want to go up to heaven alone next.'

Stephen said no more, though Martha continued talking peevishly about
Black Bess. She was not at all satisfied in her own mind that she was
doing right; but Bess had met her at a neighbour's house, where she was
boasting of her skill in making pikelets, and she had been drawn out by
her sneers and mocking to give her a kind of challenge to come and taste
them. She wanted now to make herself and Stephen believe that she was
doing it out of love and forgiveness towards poor Bess; but she could not
succeed in the deception. All the Sunday morning she was bustling about,
and sadly chafing the grandfather by making him move hither and thither
out of the way. It was quite a new experience to have any one coming to
tea; and all her hospitable and housekeeping feelings were greatly
excited by the approaching event.

When Stephen, with tired little Nan riding on his shoulder, returned from
church in the afternoon, they found Bess had arrived, and was sitting in
the warmest corner, close to a very large and blazing fire, which filled
the cabin with light and heat. Bess had dressed herself up in her best
attire, in a bright red stuff gown, and with yellow ribbons tied in her
hair, which had been brought to a degree of smoothness wonderful to
Stephen, who saw her daily on the pit-bank. She had washed her face and
hands with so much care as to leave broad stripes of grime round her neck
and wrists, partly concealed by a necklace and bracelets of glass beads;
and her green apron was marvellously braided in a large pattern. Martha,
in her clean print dress, and white handkerchief pinned round her throat,
was a pleasant contrast to the tawdry girl, who looked wildly at Stephen
as he entered, as if she scarcely knew what to do.

'Good evening, Bess,' he said, as pleasantly as he could. 'Martha told me
thee was coming to eat some pikelets with her, so I asked Tim to come
too; and after tea we'll have some rare singing. I often hear thee on the
bank, Bess, and thee has a good voice.'

Bess coloured with pleasure, and evidently tried her best to be amiable
and well-mannered, sitting up nearer and nearer to the fire until her
face shone as red as her dress with the heat. Martha moved triumphantly
about the house, setting the tea-table, upon which she placed the three
china cups, with a gratified glance at the undisguised admiration of
Bess; though three common ones had to be laid beside them, for, as Tim
was coming, Stephen must fare like grandfather and little Nan. As soon as
Tim arrived, she was very busy beating up the batter for the pikelets,
and then baking them over the fire; and very soon the little party were
sitting down to their feast--Bess declaring politely, between each piece
pressed upon her by Martha, that she had never tasted such pikelets,

At last, when tea was quite finished, and the table carefully lifted back
to a safe corner at the foot of the bed, though Martha prudently replaced
the china cups in the cupboard, Tim and Stephen drew up their stools to
the front of the fire, and a significant glance passed between them.

'Now then, Stevie,' said Tim, 'thee learn me the new hymn Miss Anne sings
with us; and let's teach Bess to sing too.'

Bess looked round uneasily, as if she found herself caught in a trap;
but, as Tim burst off loudly into a hymn tune, in which Stephen joined at
the top of his voice, she had no time to make any objection. Martha and
the old grandfather, who had been a capital singer in his day, began to
help; and little Nan mingled her sweet, clear, childish notes with their
stronger tones. It was a long hymn, and, before it was finished, Bess
found herself shyly humming away to the tune, almost as if it had been
the chorus of one of the pit-bank songs. They sang more and more, until
she joined in boldly, and whispered to Martha that she wished she knew
the words, so as to sing with them. But the crowning pleasure of the
evening was when little Nan, sitting on Stephen's knee, with his fingers
stroking her curly hair, sang by herself a new hymn for little children,
which Miss Anne had been teaching her. She could not say the words very
plainly, but her voice was sweet, and she looked so lovely with her tiny
hands softly folded, and her eyes lifted up steadily to Stephen's face,
that at last Black Bess burst out into a loud and long fit of crying, and
wept so bitterly that none of them could comfort her, until the little
child herself, who had been afraid of her before, climbed upon her lap
and laid her arms round her neck. She looked up then, and wiped the tears
from her face with the corner of her fine apron.

'I had a sister once, just like little Nan,' she said, with a sob, 'and
she minded me of her. Miss Anne told me she was singing somewhere among
the angels, and I thought she'd look like little Nan. But I'm afraid I
shall never go where she is; I'm so bad.'

'We'll teach thee how to be good,' answered Martha. 'Thee come to me,
Bess, and I'll teach thee the hymns, and the singing, and how to make
pikelets, and keep the house clean on a week-day. I'm going to love my
enemies, and do good to them that hate me; so don't thee be shy-like.
We'll be friends like Stephen and Tim; and weren't they enemies afore
Stephen learned to read?'

That night, as Stephen lay down to sleep, he said to himself, 'I'm glad
Black Bess came to eat pikelets with Martha. My chapter says, "Whosoever
shall do the commandments, and teach them, the same shall be called great
in the kingdom of heaven." Perhaps Martha and me will be called great in
heaven, if we teach Bess how to do God's commandments.'



Black Bess began to visit the cinder-hill cabin very often. But there
was a fatal mistake, which poor Stephen, in his simplicity and
single-heartedness, was a long time in discovering. Martha herself had
not truly set out on the path of obedience to God's commandments; and it
was not possible that she could teach Bess how to keep them. A Christian
cannot be like a finger-post, which only points the way to a place, but
never goes there itself. She could teach Bess the words of the hymn, and
the tunes they were sung to; but she could tell her nothing of the
feeling of praise and love to the Saviour with which Stephen sang them,
and out of which all true obedience must flow. With her lips she could
say, 'Blessed are the poor in spirit,' and 'Blessed are the meek,' and
'Blessed are they that do hunger and thirst after righteousness;' but she
cared for none of these things, and felt none of their blessedness in her
own soul; and Bess very quickly found out that she would far rather talk
about other matters. And because our hearts, which are foolish, and
deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked, soon grow weary of
good, but are ever ready to delight in evil, it came to pass that,
instead of Martha teaching poor ignorant Bess how to do God's will, Bess
was leading her into all sorts of folly and wickedness.

It would be no very easy task to describe how unhappy Stephen was when,
from day to day, he saw Martha's pleasant sisterly ways change into a
rude and careless harshness, and her thrifty, cleanly habits give place
to the dirty extravagance of the collier-folk at Botfield. But who could
tell how he suffered in his warm, tender-hearted nature, when he came
home at night, and found the poor old grandfather neglected, and left
desolate in his blindness; and little Nan herself severely punished by
Martha's unkindness and quick temper? Not that Martha became bad
suddenly, or was always unkind and neglectful; there were times when
she was her old self again, when she would listen patiently enough to
Stephen's remonstrances and Miss Anne's gentle teaching; but yet Stephen
could never feel sure, when he was at his dismal toil underground, that
all things were going on right in his home overhead. Often and often, as
he looked up to Fern's Hollow, where the new red-brick house was now to
be seen plainly, like a city set on a hill, he longed to be back again,
and counted the months and weeks until the spring should bring home the
good clergyman to Danesford.

One day, during the time allowed to the pit-girls for eating their
dinner, Bess came running over the cinderhills in breathless haste to the
old cabin. Martha had been busy all the morning, and was still standing
at the washing-tub; but she was glad of an excuse for resting herself,
and when Bess sprang over the door-sill, she received her very cordially.

'Martha! Martha!' cried Bess; 'come away quickly. Here's Andrew the
packman in the lane, with such shawls, Martha! Blue and red and yellow
and green! Only five shillings a-piece; and thee canst pay him a shilling
a week. Come along, and be sharp with thee.'

'I've got no money to spend,' said Martha sullenly. 'Stephen ought to let
grandfather go into the House, and then we shouldn't be so pinched. What
with buying for him and little Nan, I've hardly a brass farthing in the
world for myself.'

'I'd not pinch,' Bess answered; 'let Stephen pinch if he will. Why,
all the lads in Botfield are making a mock at thee, calling thee an
old-fashioned piece and Granny Fern. But come and look, anyhow; Andrew
will be gone directly.'

Bess dragged Martha by the arm to the top of the cinder-hill, where they
could see the pit-girls clustering round the packman in the lane. The
black linen wrapper in which his pack was carried was stretched along
the hedge, and upon it was spread a great show of bright-coloured shawls
and dresses, and the girls were flitting from one to another, closely
examining their quality; while Andrew's wife walked up and down,
exhibiting each shawl by turns upon her shoulders. The temptation was too
strong for Martha; she wiped the soap-suds from her arms upon her apron,
and ran as eagerly down to the lane as Black Bess herself.

'Eh! here's a clean, tight lass for you!' cried Andrew, comparing Martha
with the begrimed pit-girls about him. 'The best shawl in my pack isn't
good enough for you, my dear. Pick and choose. Just make your own choice,
and I'll accommodate you about the price.'

'I've got no money,' said Martha.

'Oh, you and me'll not quarrel about money,' replied Andrew; 'you make
your choice, and I'll wait your time. I'm coming my rounds pretty
regular, and you can put up a shilling or two agen I come, without
letting on to father. But maybe you're married, my dear?'

'No,' she answered, blushing.

'It's not far off, I'll be bound,' he continued, 'and with a shawl like
this, now, you'd look like a full-blown rose. Come, I'll not be hard upon
you, as it's the first time you've dealt with me. That shawl's worth ten
shillings if it's worth a farthing, and I'll let you have it for seven
shillings and sixpence; half a crown down, and a shilling a fortnight
till it's paid up.'

Andrew threw the shawl over her shoulders, and turned her round to the
envying view of the assembled girls, who were not allowed to touch any of
his goods with their soiled hands. Martha softly stroked the bright blue
border, and felt its texture between her fingers; while she deliberated
within herself whether she could not buy it from the fund procured by the
bilberry picking in the autumn. As Stephen had never known the full
amount, she could withdraw the half-crown without his knowledge, and the
sixpence a week she could save out of her own earnings. In ten minutes,
while Andrew was bargaining with some of the others, she came to the
conclusion that she could not possibly do any longer without a new shawl;
so, telling the packman that she would be back again directly, she ran as
swiftly as she could over the cinder-hill homewards.

In her hurry to accompany Bess to the lane, she had left her cabin door
unfastened, never thinking of the danger of the open pit to her blind
grandfather and the child. Little Nan had been wearying all morning for
a run in the wintry sunshine, out of the close steam of washing in the
small hut; but Martha had not dared to let her run about alone, as she
had been used to do at Fern's Hollow, in their safe garden. After Martha
and Black Bess had left her, the child stood looking wistfully through
the open door for some time; but at last she ventured over the door-sill,
and her tiny feet painfully climbed the frozen bank behind the house,
whence she could see the group of girls in the lane below. Perhaps she
would have found her way down to them, but Martha had been cross with her
all the morning, and the child's little spirit was frightened with her
scolding. She turned back to the cabin, sobbing, for the north wind blew
coldly upon her; and then she must have caught sight of the shaft, where
Stephen had been throwing stones down for her the night before, without a
thought of the little one trying to pursue the dangerous game alone. As
Martha came over the cinder-hill, her eyes fell upon little Nan, rosy,
laughing, screaming with delight as her tiny hands lifted a large stone
high above her curly head, while she bent over the unguarded margin of
the pit. But before Martha could move in her agony of terror, the heavy
stone dropped from her small fingers, and Nan, little Nan, with her rosy,
laughing face, had fallen after it.

Martha never forgot that moment. As if with a sudden awaking of memory,
there flashed across her mind all the child's simple, winning ways. She
seemed to see her dying mother again, laying the helpless baby in her
arms, and bidding her to be a mother to it. She heard her father's last
charge to take care of little Nan, when he also was passing away. Her own
wicked carelessness and neglect, Stephen's terrible sorrow if little Nan
should be dead, all the woeful consequences of her fault, were stamped
upon her heart with a sudden and very bitter stroke. Those who were
watching her from the lane saw her stand as if transfixed for a moment;
and then a piercing scream, which made every one within hearing start
with terror, rang through the frosty air, as Martha sprang forward to the
mouth of the old pit, and, peering down its dark and narrow depths, could
just discern a little white figure lying motionless at the bottom of the



In a very short time all the people at work on the surface of the mine
knew that Stephen Fern's little sister was dead--lying dead in the very
pit where he was then labouring for her, with the spirit and strength and
love of a father rather than a brother. Every face was overcast and
grave; and many of the boys and girls were weeping, for little Nan had
endeared herself to them all since she came to live at the cinder-hill
cabin. Tim felt faint and heart-sick, almost wishing he could have
perished in the child's stead, for poor Stephen's sake; but he had to
rouse himself, for one of the banksmen was going to shout the terrible
tidings down the shaft; and if Stephen should be near, instead of being
at work farther in the pit, the words would fall upon him without any
softening or preparation. He implored them to wait until he could run and
tell Miss Anne; but while he was speaking they saw Miss Anne herself
coming towards the pit, her face very pale and sorrowful, for the rumour
had reached the master's house, and she was hastening to meet Stephen,
and comfort him, if that were possible.

'Oh, Miss Anne!' cried Tim; 'it will kill poor Stephen, if it come upon
him sudden like. I know the way through the old pit to where poor little
Nan has fallen; and I'll go and find her. The roof's dropped in, and only
a boy could creep along. But who's to tell Stevie? Oh, Miss Anne,
couldn't you go down with me, and tell him gently your own self?'

'Yes, I will go,' said Miss Anne, weeping.

Underground, in those low, dark, pent-up galleries, lighted only here and
there by a glimmering lamp, the colliers were busy at their labours,
unconscious of all that was happening overhead. Stephen was at work at
some distance from the others, loading a train of small square waggons
with the blocks of coal which he and Black Thompson had picked out of the
earth. He was singing softly to himself the hymns that he and little Nan
had been learning during the summer in the Red Gravel Pit; and he smiled
as he fancied that little Nan was perhaps singing them over as well by
the cabin fire. He did not know, poor boy, that at that moment Tim was
creeping through the winding, blocked-up passages, so long untrodden, to
the bottom of the old shaft; and that when he returned he would be
bearing in his arms a sad, sad burden, upon which his tears would fall

Stephen's comrades were all of a sudden very quiet, and their pickaxes no
longer gave dull muffled thumps upon the seam of coal; but he was too
busy to notice how idle and still they were. It was only when Cole spoke
to him, in a tone of extraordinary mildness, that the boy paused in his
rough and toilsome employment.

'My lad,' said Cole, 'Miss Anne's come down the pit, and she's asking for

'She promised she'd come some day,' cried Stephen, with a thrill of
pleasure and a quicker throbbing of his heart, as he darted along the
narrow paths to the loftier and more open space near the bottom of the
shaft, where Miss Anne was waiting for him. The covered lamps gave too
little light for him to see how pale and sorrow-stricken she looked; but
the solemn tenderness of her voice sank deeply into his heart.

'Stephen, my dear boy,' she said, 'are you sure that I care for you, and
would not let any trouble come upon you if I could help it?'

'Yes, surely, Miss Anne,' answered the boy wonderingly.

'Your Father which is in heaven cares much more for you,' she continued;
'but "whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom He
receiveth." God is dealing with you as His son, Stephen. Can you bear the
sorrow which is sent by Him?'

'If the Lord Jesus will help me,' he murmured.

'He will help you, my poor boy,' said Miss Anne 'Oh, Stephen, Stephen,
how can I tell you? Our little Nan, our precious little child, has fallen
down the old shaft.'

Stephen reeled giddily, and would have sunk to the ground, but Cole held
him up in his strong arms, while his comrades gathered about him with
tears and sobs, which prevented them uttering any words of consolation.
But he could not have listened to them. He fancied he heard the pattering
of Nan's little feet, and saw her laughing face. But no! he heard instead
the dull and lingering footsteps of Tim, and saw a little lifeless form
folded from sight in Tim's jacket.

'The little lass 'ud die very easy,' whispered Cole, passing his arm
tighter round Stephen; 'and she's up in heaven among the angels by this
time, I reckon.'

Stephen drew himself away from Cole's arm, and staggered forward a step
or two to meet Tim; when he took the sad burden from him, and sat down
without a word, pressing it closely to his breast. His perfect silence
touched all about him. Miss Anne hid her face in her hands, and some of
the men groaned aloud.

'The old pit ought to have been bricked up years ago,' said Cole; 'the
child's death will be upon the master's head.'

'It'll all go to one reckoning,' muttered Black Thompson. But Stephen
seemed not to hear their words. Still, with the child clasped tightly to
him, he waited for the lowering of the skip, and when it descended, he
seated himself in it without lifting up his head, which was bent over the
dead child. Miss Anne and Tim took their places beside him, and they were
drawn up to the broad, glittering light of day on the surface, where a
crowd of eager bystanders was waiting for Stephen's appearance.

'Don't speak to me, please,' he murmured, without looking round; and they
made way for him in his deep, silent grief, as he passed on homewards,
followed by Miss Anne. Once she saw him look up to the hills, where, at
Fern's Hollow, the new house stood out conspicuously against the snow;
and when they passed the shaft, he shuddered visibly; but yet he was
silent, and scarcely seemed to know that she was walking beside him.

The cabin was full of women from Botfield, for Martha had fallen into
violent fits of hysterics, and none of their remedies had any effect in
soothing her. One of them took the dead child from Stephen's arms at the
door, and bade him go away and sit in her cottage till she came to him.
But he turned off towards the hills; and Miss Anne, seeing that she could
say nothing to comfort him just then, watched him strolling along the old
road that led to Fern's Hollow, with his arms folded and his head bent
down, as if he were still carrying that sad burden which he had borne up
from the pit, so closely pressed against his heart.



'I'm a murderer, Miss Anne,' said Martha, with a look of settled despair
upon her face, on the evening of the next day.

She had been sitting all the weary hours since morning with her face
buried in her hands, hearing and heeding no one, until Miss Anne came and
sat down beside her, speaking to her in her own kind and gentle tones.
Upon a table in the corner of the cabin lay the little form of the dead
child, covered with a white cloth. The old grandfather was crouching over
the fire, moaning and laughing by turns; and Stephen was again absent,
rambling upon the snowy uplands.

'And for murderers there is pardon,' said Miss Anne softly.

'Oh, I never thought I wanted pardon,' cried Martha; 'I always felt I'd
done my duty better than any of the girls about here. But I've killed
little Nan; and now I remember how cross I used to be when nobody was
nigh, till she grew quite timmer-some of me. Everybody knows I've
murdered her; and now it doesn't signify how bad I am. I shall never get
over that.'

'Martha,' said Miss Anne, 'you are not so guilty of the child's death as
my uncle, who ought to have had the pit bricked over safely when it was
no longer in use. But you say you never thought you wanted pardon. Surely
you feel your need of it now.'

'But God will never forgive me now,' replied Martha hopelessly; 'I see
how wicked I have been, but the chance is gone by. God will not forgive
me now; nor Stephen.'

'We will not talk about Stephen,' said Miss Anne; 'but I will tell you
about God. When He gave His commandments to mankind that they might obey
them, He proclaimed His own name at the same time. Listen to His name,
Martha: "The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering,
and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands,
forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin." If you would not go to Him
for mercy when you did not feel your need of it, He was keeping it for
you against this time; saving and treasuring it up for you, "that He
might show the exceeding riches of His grace in His kindness towards us,
through Christ Jesus." He is waiting to pardon your iniquity, for
Christ's sake. Do you wish to be forgiven now? Do you feel that you are a
sinful girl, Martha?'

'I have thought of nothing else all day long,' whispered Martha; 'I have
helped to kill little Nan by my sins.'

'Yes,' said Miss Anne mournfully; 'if, like Stephen, you had opened your
heart to the gentle teaching of the Holy Spirit, if you had looked to
Jesus, trusted in Him, and followed Him, this grief would not have come
upon you and upon all of us. For Bess would not have persuaded you to
leave your own duties, and little Nan would have been alive still.'

'Oh, I knew I'd killed her!' cried a voice behind them; and, looking
round, Miss Anne saw that the door had been softly opened, and Bess had
crept in unheard. Her face was swollen with weeping, and she stood
wringing her hands, as she cast a fearful glance at the white-covered
table in the corner.

'Come here, Bess,' said Miss Anne; and the girl crept to them, and sat
down on the ground at their feet. Miss Anne talked long with them about
little Nan's death, until they shed many tears in true contrition of
heart for their sinfulness; and when they appeared to feel their own
utter helplessness, she explained to them, in such simple and easy
language as Bess could understand, how they could obtain salvation
through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. After which they all knelt down;
and Miss Anne prayed earnestly for the weeping and heart-broken girls,
who, as yet, hardly knew how they could frame any prayers for themselves.

When Miss Anne left the cabin the night was quite dark but the snow which
lay unmelted on the mountains showed their outlines plainly with a pale
gleaming of light though the sky was overcast with more snow-clouds. Her
heart was full of sadness for Stephen, who was wandering, no one knew
whither, among the snowdrifts on the solitary plains. She knew that he
must be passing through a terrible trial and temptation, but she could do
nothing for him; her voice could not reach him, nor her eye tell him by a
silent look how deeply she felt for him. Yet Miss Anne knew who it is
that possesseth 'the shields of the earth,' and in her earnest
thanksgiving to God for Martha and Bess Thompson, she prayed fervently
that the boy might be shielded and sheltered in his great sorrow, and
that when he was tried he might come forth as gold.

All the day long, Stephen, instead of going to his work in the pit, had
been rambling, without aim or purpose, over the dreary uplands; here and
there stretching himself upon the wiry heath, where the sun had dried
away the snow, and hiding his face from the light, while he gave way to
an anguish of grief, and broke the deep silence with a loud and very
bitter cry. It was death, sudden death, he was lamenting. Only yesterday
morning little Nan was clinging strongly to his neck, and covering his
face with merry kisses; and every now and then he felt as if he was only
dreaming, and he started down towards home, as though he could not
believe that those tender arms were stiffened and that rosy mouth still
in death. But before he could run many paces the truth was borne in upon
his aching heart that she was surely dead; and never more in this life
would he see and speak to her, or listen to her lisping tongue. Little
Nan, dearest of all earthly things,--perhaps dearer to him in the infancy
of his Christian life than the Saviour Himself,--was removed from him
so far that she was already a stranger, and he knew nothing of her.

Towards evening he found himself, in his aimless wandering, drawing near
to Fern's Hollow, where she had lived. The outer shell of the new house
was built up, the three rooms above and below, with the little dairy and
coal-shed beside them, and Stephen, even in his misery, was glad of the
shelter of the blank walls from the cutting blast of the north wind; for
he felt that he could not go home to the cabin where the dead child--no
longer darling little Nan--was lying. Poor Stephen! He sat down on a heap
of bricks upon the new hearth, where no household fire had ever been
kindled; and, while the snow-flakes drifted in upon him unheeded, he
buried his face again in his hands, and went on thinking, as he had been
doing all day. He would never care to come back now to Fern's Hollow.
No! he would get away to some far-off country, where he should never more
hear the master's name spoken. Let him keep the place, he thought, and
let it be a curse to him, for he had bought it with a child's blood. If
the law gave him back Fern's Hollow, it would not avenge little Nan's
death; and he had no power. But the master was a murderer; and Stephen
knelt down on the desolate hearth, where no prayer had ever been uttered,
and prayed God that the sin and punishment of murder might rest upon his

Was it consolation that filled Stephen's heart when he rose from his
knees? It seemed as if his spirit had grown suddenly harder, and in some
measure stronger. He did not feel afraid now of going down to the cabin,
where the little lifeless corpse was stretched out; and he strode away
down the hill with rapid steps. When the thought of Martha, and his
grandfather, and Miss Anne crossed his mind, it was with no gentle,
tender emotion, but with a strange feeling that he no longer cared for
them. All his love was gone with little Nan. Only the thought of the
master, and the terrible reckoning that lay before him, sent a thrill
through his heart. 'I shall be there at the judgment,' he muttered half
aloud, looking up to the cold, cloudy sky, almost as if he expected to
see the sign of the coming of the Lord. But there was no sign there; and,
after gazing for a minute or two, he turned in the direction of the
cabin, where he could see a glimmer of the light within through the
chinks of the door and shutter.

Bess and Martha were still sitting hand in hand as Miss Anne had left
them; but they both started up as Stephen entered, pale and ghastly from
his long conflict with grief and temptation on the hills. He was come
home conquered, though he did not know it; and the expression of his face
was one of hatred and vengeance, instead of sorrow and love. He bade
Black Bess to be off out of his sight in a voice so changed and harsh,
that both the girls were frightened, and Martha stole away tremblingly
with her. He was alone then, with his sleeping grandfather on the bed,
and the dead child lying in the corner, from which he carefully averted
his eyes; when there came a quiet tap at the door, and, before he could
answer, it was slowly opened, and the master stepped into the cabin. He
stood before the boy, looking into his white face in silence, and when he
spoke his voice was very husky and low.

'My lad,' he said, 'I'm very sorry for you; and I'll have the pit bricked
over at once. It had slipped my memory, Stephen; but Martha knew of it,
and she ought to have taken better care of the child. It is no fault of
mine; or it is only partly my fault, at any rate. But, whether or no, I'm
come to tell you I'm willing to bear the expenses of the funeral in
reason; and here's a sovereign for you besides, my lad.'

The master held out a glittering sovereign in his hand, but Stephen
pushed it away, and, seizing his arm firmly, drew him, reluctant as he
was, to the white-covered table in the corner. There was no look of pain
upon the pale, placid little features before them; but there was an awful
stillness, and all the light of life was gone out of the open eyes, which
were fixed into an upward gaze. The Bible, which Stephen had not looked
for that morning, had been used instead of a cushion, and the motionless
head lay upon it.

'That was little Nan yesterday,' said Stephen hoarsely; 'she is gone to
tell God all about you. You robbed us of our own home; and you've been
the death of little Nan. God's curse will be upon you. It's no use my
cursing; I can do nothing; but God can punish you better than me. A while
ago I thought I'd get away to some other country where I'd never hear of
you; but I'll wait now, if I'm almost clemmed to death, till I see what
God will do at you. Take your money. You've robbed me of all I love, but
I won't take from you what you love. I'll only wait here till I see what
God can do.'

He loosed his grasp then, and opened the door wide. The master muttered a
few words indistinctly, but he did not linger in the cabin beside that
awful little corpse. The night had already deepened into intense
darkness; and Stephen, standing at the door to listen, thought, with a
quick tingling through all his veins, that perhaps the master would
himself fall down the open pit. But no, he passed on securely; and
Martha, coming in shortly afterwards, ventured to remark that she had
just brushed against the master in the lane, and wondered where he was
going to at that time of night.

Miss Anne came to see Stephen the next day; but, though he seemed to
listen to her respectfully, she felt that she had lost her influence over
him; and she could do nothing for him but intercede with God that the
Holy Spirit, who only can enter into our inmost souls and waken there
every memory, would in His own good time recall to Stephen's heart all
the lessons of love and forgiveness he had been learning, and enable him
to overcome the evil spirit that had gained the mastery over him.

All the people in Botfield wished to attend little Nan's funeral, but
Stephen would not consent to it. At first he said only Tim and himself
should accompany the tiny coffin to the churchyard at Longville; but
Martha implored so earnestly to go with them, that he was compelled to
relent. The coffin was placed in a little cart, drawn by one of the
hill-ponies, and led slowly by Tim; while Stephen and Martha walked
behind, the latter weeping many humble and repentant tears, as she
thought sorrowfully of little Nan; but Stephen with a set and gloomy
face, and a heart that pondered only upon the calamities that should
overtake his enemy.



But God had not forsaken Stephen; though, for a little time, He had left
him to the working of his own sinful nature, that he might know of a
certainty that in himself there dwelt no good thing. God looks down from
heaven upon all our bitter conflicts; and He weighs, as a just Judge, all
the events that happen on earth. From the servant to whom He has given
but one talent, He does not demand the same service as from him who has
ten talents. Stephen's heavenly Father knew exactly how much
understanding and strength he possessed, for He Himself had given those
good gifts to the boy, and He knew in what measure He had bestowed them.
When the right time was come, 'He sent from above, He took him, He
brought him out of many waters. He brought him forth also into a large
place; He delivered him, because He delighted in him.'

After the great tribulation of those days Stephen fell into a long and
severe illness. For many weeks he was delirious and unconscious, neither
knowing what he said nor who was taking care of him. When Miss Anne sat
beside him, soothing him, as she sometimes could do, with singing, he
would talk of being in heaven, and listening to little Nan among the
angels. Bess shared many of Martha's weary hours of watching: and so
deeply had the child's death affected them, that now all their thoughts
and talk were about the things that Miss Anne diligently taught them
concerning Jesus and His salvation. It was not much they knew; but as in
former times a very small subject was sufficient for a long gossip, so
now the little knowledge of the Scriptures that was lodged in either of
their minds became the theme of fluent, if not very learned conversation.
Sometimes Stephen, as if their words caught some floating memory, would
murmur out a verse or two in his delirious ramblings, or sing part of a
hymn. Tim, also, who came for an hour or two every evening, was always
ready to read the few chapters he had learned, and to give the girls his
interpretation of them.

There was no pressing want in the little household, though their
bread-winner was unable to work. The miners made up Stephen's wages among
themselves at every reckoning, for Stephen had won their sincere
respect, though they had often been tempted to ill-treat him. Miss Anne
came every day with dainties from the master's house, without meeting
with any reproof or opposition, though the name of Stephen Fern never
crossed Mr. Wyley's lips. Still he used to listen attentively whenever
the doctor called upon Miss Anne, to give her his opinion how the poor
boy was going on.

When Stephen was recovering, his mind was too weak for any of the violent
passions that had preceded his illness. Moreover, the bounty of his
comrades, and the humble kindness of Martha and Bess, came like healing
to his soul; for very often the tenderness of others will seem to atone
for the injuries of our enemies, and at least soften our vehement desire
for revenge. Yet, in a quiet, listless sort of way, Stephen still longed
for God to prove His wrath against the master's wrong-doing. It appeared
so strange to hear that all this time nothing had befallen him, that he
was still strong and healthy, and becoming more and more wealthy every
day. Like Asaph, the psalmist, when he considered the prosperity of the
wicked, Stephen was inclined to say, 'How doth God know? and is there
knowledge with the Most High? Behold, these are the ungodly that prosper
in the earth; they increase in riches. Verily I have cleansed my heart
in vain, and washed my hands in innocency. For all the day long have I
been plagued, and chastened every morning.'

'Why does God let these things be?' he inquired of Miss Anne one day,
after he was well enough to rise from his bed and sit by the fire. He was
very white and thin, and his eyes looked large and shining in their
sunken sockets; but they gazed earnestly into his teacher's face, as if
he was craving to have this difficulty solved.

'You have asked me a hard question,' said Miss Anne; 'we cannot
understand God's way, for "as the heavens are higher than the earth, so
are His ways than our ways." But shall we try to find out a reason why
God let these things be for little Nan's sake?'

'Yes,' said Stephen, turning away his eyes from her face.

'Our Lord Jesus Christ had one disciple, called John, whom He loved more
than the rest; and before John died he was permitted to see heaven, and
to write down many of the things shown to him, that we also might know of
them. He beheld a holy city, whose builder and maker is God, and having
the glory of God. It was built, as it were, of pure gold, and the walls
were of all manner of precious stones; the gates of the city were of
pearl, and the streets of gold, as clear and transparent as glass. There
was no need of the sun nor of the moon to shine in it; for the glory of
God doth lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. He saw, too, the
throne of God, and above it there was a rainbow of emerald, which was a
sign of His covenant with the people upon earth. And round about the
throne, nearer than the angels, there were seats, upon which men who had
been ransomed from this world of sin and sorrow were sitting in white
robes, and with crowns upon their heads. There came a pure river of water
of life out of the throne, and on each side of the river, in the streets
of the city, there was a tree of life, the leaves of which are for the
healing of all nations. Before the throne stood a great multitude, which
no man could number, clothed in white robes, and with palms in their
hands. And as John listened, he heard a sound like the voice of many
waters; then, as it became clearer, it seemed like the voice of a great
thunder; but at last it rang down into his opened ears as the voice of
many harpers, singing a new song with their harps. And he heard a great
voice out of heaven, proclaiming the covenant of God with men: "Behold,
the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they
shall be His people; and God Himself shall be with them, and be their
God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall
be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any
more pain." The disciple whom Jesus loved saw many other things which he
was commanded to seal up; but these things were written for our comfort.'

'And little Nan is there,' murmured Stephen, as the tears rolled down his

'Our Lord says of little children, "I say unto you, That in heaven their
angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven,"'
continued Miss Anne. 'Stephen, do you wish her to be back again in this
sorrowful world, with Martha and you for companions, instead of the

'Oh no!' sobbed Stephen.

'And now, why has God sent so many troubles to you, my poor Stephen? As
I told you before, we cannot understand His ways yet. But do not you see
that sorrow has made you very different to the other boys about you? Have
you not gained much wisdom that they do not possess? And would you change
your lot with any one of them? Would you even be as you were yourself
twelve months ago, before these afflictions came? We are sent into this
world for something more than food and clothing, and work and play. Our
souls must live, and they are dead if they are not brought into
submission to God's will. Even our own Lord and Saviour, "though He were
a son, yet learned He obedience by the things which He suffered." How
much more do we need to suffer before we learn obedience to the will of

'Then there is Martha,' continued Miss Anne, after a pause; 'she and Bess
are both brought to repentance by the death of our little child. Surely I
need not excuse God's dealings to you any more, Stephen.'

'But there comes no judgment upon the master,' said Stephen in a low

A flush of pain passed over Miss Anne's face as she met Stephen's eager
gaze, and saw something of the working of his heart in his flashing eye.

'Our God will suffer no sin to go unpunished for ever,' she answered
solemnly. '"Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord." Listen,
Stephen: when our Lord spoke those "blessings" in your chapter, He
implied that on the opposite side there were curses corresponding to
them. But He did not leave this matter uncertain; I will read them to you
from another chapter: "But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have
received your consolation. Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall
hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and lament."'

'That is the master,' said Stephen, his face glowing with satisfaction,
'for he is rich and full, and he laughs now!'

'Yes, who can tell but that these woes will fall upon my uncle,' said
Miss Anne, and her head drooped low, and Stephen saw the tears streaming
down her cheeks; 'all my prayers and love for him may be lost. His soul,
which is as precious and immortal as ours, may perish for ever!'

Stephen looked at her bitter weeping with a longing desire to say
something to comfort her, but he could not speak a word: for her grief
was caused by the thought of the very vengeance he was wishing for. He
turned away his head uneasily, and gazed deep down into the glowing
embers of the fire.

'Not my prayers and love only,' continued Miss Anne, 'but our Saviour's
also; all His griefs and sorrows may prove unavailing, as far as my uncle
is concerned. Perhaps He will say of him, "I have laboured in vain, I
have spent My strength for nought, and in vain." O my Saviour! because I
love Thee, I would have every immortal soul saved for Thy eternal glory.'

'And so would I, Miss Anne,' cried the boy, sinking on his knees. 'Oh,
Miss Anne, pray to Jesus that I may love all my enemies for His sake.'

When Miss Anne's prayer was ended, she left Stephen alone to the deep but
gentler thoughts that were filling his mind. He understood now, with a
clearness that he had never had before, that 'love is of God; and every
one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.' He must love his
enemies because they were precious, as he himself had been, in all their
sin and rebellion, to their Father in heaven. Not only did God send rain
and sunshine upon the evil and unjust, but He had so loved them as to
give His only begotten Son to die for them; and if they perished, so far
it made the cross of Christ of none effect. Henceforth the bitterness of
revenge died out of his heart; and whenever he bent his knees in prayer,
he offered up the dying petition of his namesake, the martyr Stephen, in
behalf of all his enemies, but especially of his master: 'Lord, lay not
this sin to their charge.'



Stephen's recovery went on so slowly, that the doctor who attended him
said it would not be fit for him to resume his underground labour for
some months to come, if he were ever able to do so; and advised him to
seek some out-door employment. His old comrades began to find the weekly
subscription to make up his wages rather a tax upon their own earnings;
and Stephen himself was unwilling to be a burden upon them any longer.
As soon, therefore, as he was strong enough to bear the journey, he
resolved to cross the hills again to Danesford, to see when Mr. Lockwood
was coming home, and what help the clergyman left in charge of his duty
could give to him. Tim brought his father's donkey for him to ride, and
went with him across the uplands. The hard frosts and the snow were
over, for it was past the middle of March; but the house at Fern's
Hollow remained in precisely the same state as when little Nan died; not
a stroke of work had been done at it, and a profound silence brooded
over the place. Perhaps the master had lost all pleasure in his
ill-gotten possession!

So changed was Stephen, though Danesford looked exactly the same, so
tall had he grown during his illness, and so white was his formerly
brown face, that the big boy who had shown him the way to the rectory
did not know him again in the least. Probably Mr. Lockwood and his
daughter would not have recognised him; but they were still lingering in
a warmer climate, until the east winds had quite finished their course.
The strange clergyman, however, was exceedingly kind to both the boys,
and promised to send a full and faithful account to Mr. Lockwood of all
the circumstances they narrated to him; for Tim told of many things
which Stephen passed over. They had done right in coming to him, he
said; and he gave Stephen enough money to supply the immediate
necessities of his family, at the same time bidding him apply for more
if he needed any; for he knew that a boy of his principle and character
would never live upon other people's charity whenever he could work for

How refreshing and strengthening it was upon the tableland that spring
afternoon! The red leaf-buds of the bilberry-wires were just bursting
forth, and the clumps of gorse were tinged with the first golden
flowers. Every kind of moss was there carpeting the ground with a bright
fresh green from the moisture of the spring showers. As for the birds,
they seemed absolutely in a frenzy of enjoyment, and seemed to forget
that they had their nests to build as they flew from bush to bush,
singing merrily in the sunshine.

Tim wrapped a cloak round Stephen; and then they faced the breeze gaily,
as it swept to meet them with a pure breath over miles of heath and
budding flowers. No wonder that Stephen's heart rose within him with a
rekindled gladness and gratitude; while Tim became almost as wild as the
birds. But Stephen began to feel a little tired as they neared Fern's
Hollow, though they were still two miles from the cinder-hill cabin.

'Home, home!' he said, rather mournfully, pointing to the new house.
'Tim, I remember I used to feel in myself as if that was to be my own
home for ever. I didn't think that God only meant it to be mine for a
little while, even if I kept it till I died. And when I thought I was
going to die, it seemed as if it didn't signify what kind of a place
we'd lived in, or what troubles had happened to us. Yesterday, Tim, Miss
Anne showed me a verse about us being strangers and pilgrims upon the

'Perhaps we are pilgrims,' replied Tim, 'but we aren't much strangers on
these hills.'

'It means,' said Stephen, 'that we are no more at home here than a
stranger is when he is passing through Botfield. I'm willing now never
to go back to Fern's Hollow, if God pleases. Not that little Nan is
gone; but because I'm sure God will do what is best with me, and we're
to have no continuing city here. I think I shouldn't feel a bit angry if
I saw other people living there.'

'Hillo! what's that?' cried Tim.

Surely it could not be smoke from the top of the new chimney? Yes; a
thin, clear blue column of smoke was curling briskly up into the air,
and then floating off in a banner over the hillside. Somebody was there,
that was certain; and the first fire had been lighted on the
hearthstone. There was a sharp pang in Stephen's heart, and he cast down
his eyes for a moment, but then he looked up to the sky above him with a
smile; while Tim set up a loud shout, and urged the donkey to a canter.

'It's Martha!' he cried; 'I saw her gown peeping round the corner of the
wall. I'll lay a wager it's her print gown. Come thy ways; we'll make
sure afore we pass.'

It was Martha waiting for them at the old wicket, and Bess was just
within the doorway. They were come so far to meet the travellers, and
had even prepared tea for them in the new kitchen, having cleared away
some of the bricks and mortar, and raised benches with the pieces of
planks left about. Tea was just ready for Stephen's refreshment, and he
felt that he was in the greatest need of it; so they sat down to it as
soon as Martha had laid out the provisions, among which was a cake sent
by Miss Anne. The fire of wood-chips blazed brightly, and gave out a
pleasant heat; and every one of the little party felt a quiet enjoyment,
though there were many tender thoughts of little Nan.

'We may be pilgrims,' said Tim reflectively, over a slice of cake, 'but
there's lots of pleasant things sent us by the way.'

They were still at tea when the gamekeeper, who was passing by, and who
guessed from the smoke from the chimney, and the donkey grazing in the
new pasture, that some gipsies had taken possession of Fern's Hollow,
came to look through the unglazed window. He had not seen Stephen since
his illness, and there was something in his wasted face and figure which
touched even him.

'I'm sorry to see thee looking so badly, my lad,' he said; 'I must speak
to my missis to send you something nourishing, for I've not forgotten
you, Stephen. If ever there comes a time when I can speak up about any
business of yours without hurting myself, you may depend upon me; but I
don't like making enemies, and the Bible says we must live peaceably
with all men. I heard talk of you wanting some out-door work for a
while; and there's my wife's brother is wanting a shepherd's boy. He'd
take you at my recommendation, and I'd be glad to speak a word for you.
Would that do for you?'

Stephen accepted the offer gladly; and when the gamekeeper was gone,
they sang a hymn together, so blotting out by an offering of praise the
evil prayer which he had uttered upon that hearth on the night of his
desolation and strong conflict. Pleasant was the way home to the old
cabin in the twilight; pleasant the hearty 'Good-night' of Tim and Bess;
but most pleasant of all was the calm sense of truth, and the submissive
will with which Stephen resigned himself to the providence of God.

The work of a shepherd was far more to Stephen's taste than his
dangerous toil as a collier. From his earliest years he had been
accustomed to wander with his grandfather over the extensive
sheep-walks, seeking out any strayed lambs, or diligently gathering food
for the sick ones of the flock. To be sure, he could only earn little
more than half his former wages, and his time for returning from his
work would always be uncertain, and often very late. But then, sorrowful
consideration! there was no little Nan to provide for now, nor to fill
up his leisure hours at home. Martha was earning money for herself; and
as yet the master had demanded no rent for their miserable cabin; so his
earnings as a shepherd's boy would do until Mr. Lockwood came back.
Still upon the mountains he would be exposed to the bleak winds and
heavy storms of the spring; while underground the temperature had always
been the same. No wonder that Miss Anne, when she looked at the boy's
wasted and enfeebled frame, listened with unconcealed anxiety to his new
project for gaining his livelihood; and so often as the spring showers
swept in swift torrents across the sky, lifted up her eyes wistfully to
the unsheltered mountains, as she pictured Stephen at the mercy of the
pitiless storm.



Stephen had been engaged in his new calling for about a fortnight, and
was coming home, after a long and toilsome day among the flocks, two
hours after sunset, with a keen east wind bringing the tears into his
eyes, when a few paces from his cabin door a tall dark figure sprang up
from a hollow in the cinder-hill, and laid a heavy hand upon his
shoulder. It was just light enough to discern the gloomy features of
Black Thompson; and Stephen inquired fearlessly what he wanted with him.

'I thought thee'd never be coming,' said Black Thompson impatiently.
'Lad, hast thee forgotten thy rights and thy wrongs, that thou comes to
yonder wretched kennel whistling as if all the land belonged to thee?
Where's thy promise to thy father, that thee'd never give up thy rights?
Jackson the butcher has taken Fern's Hollow, and it's to be finished up
in a week or two; and thee'lt see thy own place go into the hands of

'It'll all be put right some day, Thompson, thank you,' said Stephen.

'Right!' repeated Thompson; 'who's to put wrong things right if we won't
take the trouble ourselves? Is it right for the master to grind us down
in our wages, and raise the rents over our heads, till we can scarcely
get enough to keep us in victuals, just that he may add money to money
to count over of nights? Was it right of him to leave the pit yonder
open, till little Nan was killed in it? Thee has a heavy reckoning to
settle with him, and I'd be wiping off some of the score. If I was in
thy place, I should have little Nan's voice calling me day and night
from the pit, to ask when I was going to revenge her.'

Black Thompson felt that Stephen trembled under his grasp, and he went
on with greater earnestness.

'Thee could revenge thyself this very night. Thee could get the worth of
Fern's Hollow without a risk, if thee'd listen to me. It's thy own, lad,
and thy wrongs are heavy--Fern's Hollow stolen from thee, and the little
lass murdered! How canst thee rest, Stephen?'

'God will repay,' said Stephen in a tremulous tone.

'Dost think that God sees?' asked Black Thompson scoffingly; 'if He
sees, He doesn't care. What does it matter to Him that poor folks like
us are trodden down and robbed? If He cared, He could strike the master
dead in a moment, and He doesn't. He lets him prosper and prosper, till
nobody can stand afore him. I'd take my own matter in my own hands, and
make sure of vengeance. God doesn't take any notice.'

'I'm sure God sees,' answered Stephen; 'He is everywhere; and He isn't
blind, or deaf, only we don't understand what He is going to do yet. If
He didn't take any notice of us, He wouldn't make me feel so happy,
spite of everything. Oh, Thompson thee and the men were so kind to me
when I couldn't work, and I've never seen thee to thank thee. I can do
nothing for thee, except I could persuade thee to repent, and be as
happy as I am.'

'Oh, I'll repent some day,' said Black Thompson, loosing Stephen's arm;
'but I've lots of things to do aforehand, and I reckon they can all be
repented of together. So, lad, it's true what everybody is saying of
thee--thee has forgotten poor little Nan, and thy promise to thy

'No, I've never forgotten,' replied Stephen, 'but I'll never try to
revenge myself now. I couldn't if I did try. Besides, I've forgiven the
master; so don't speak to me again about it, Thompson.'

'Well, lad, be sure I'll never waste my time thinking of thee again,'
said Black Thompson, with an oath; 'thy religion has made a poor,
spiritless, cowardly chap of thee, and I've done with thee altogether.'

Black Thompson strode away into the darkness, and was quickly out of
hearing, while Stephen stood still and listened to his rapid footsteps,
turning over in his mind what mischief he wished to tempt him to now.
The open shaft was only a few feet from him; but it had been safely
encircled by a high iron railing, instead of being bricked over, as it
had been found of use in the proper ventilation of the pit. From
Thompson and his temptation, Stephen's thoughts went swiftly to little
Nan, and how he had heard her calling to him upon that dreadful night
when he went away with the poachers. Was it possible that he could
forget her for a single day? Was she not still one of his most constant
and most painful thoughts? Yes, he could remember every pretty look of
her face, and every sweet sound of her voice; yet they were saying he
had forgotten her, while the pit was there for him to pass night and
morning--a sorrowful reminder of her dreadful death! A sharp thrill ran
through Stephen's frame as his outstretched hand caught one of the iron
railings, which rattled in its socket; but his very heart stood still
when up from the dark, narrow depths there came a low and stifled cry of
'Stephen! Stephen!'

He was no coward, though Black Thompson had called him one; but this
voice from the dreaded pit, at that dark and lonely hour, made him
tremble so greatly that he could neither move nor shout aloud for very
fear. He leaned there, holding fast by the railing, with his hearing
made wonderfully acute, and his eyes staring blindly into the dense
blackness beneath him. In another second he detected a faint glimmer,
like a glow-worm deep down in the earth, and the voice, still muffled
and low, came up to him again.

'It's only me--Tim!' it cried. 'Hush! don't speak, Stephen; don't make
any noise. I'm left down in the pit. They're going to break into the
master's house to-night. They're going to get thee to creep through the
pantry window. If thee won't, Jack Davies is to go. They'll fire the
thatch, if they can't get the door open. Thee go and take care of Miss
Anne, and send Martha to Longville for help. Don't trust anybody at

These sentences sounded up into Stephen's ears, one by one, slowly, as
Tim could give his voice its due tone and strength. He recollected
instantly all the long oppression the men had suffered from their
master. In that distant part of the county, where there were extensive
works, the colliers had been striking for larger wages; and some of them
had strolled down to Botfield, bringing with them an increase of
discontent and inquietude, which had taken deep root in the minds of all
the workpeople. It was well known that the master kept large sums of
money in his house, which, as I have told you, was situated among lonely
fields, nearly a mile from Botfield; and no one lived with him, except
Miss Anne, and one maid-servant. It was a very secure building, with
stone casements and strongly barred doors; but if a boy could get
through the pantry window, he could admit the others readily. How long
it would be before the attempt was made Stephen could not tell, but it
was already late, and Black Thompson had left him hurriedly. But at
least it must be an hour or two nearer midnight, and all hopes of rescue
and defence rested upon him and Martha only.

Martha was sitting by the fire knitting, and Bess Thompson was pinning
on her shawl to go home. Poor Bess! Even in his excitement Stephen felt
for her; but he dared not utter a word till she was gone. But then
Martha could not credit his hurried tidings and directions, until she
had been herself to the shaft to see the feeble gleam of Tim's lamp, and
hear the sound of his voice; for as soon as she rattled the railings he
spoke again.

'Be sharp!' he cried. 'I'm not afeared; but I can't stay here where
little Nan died. I'll go back to the pit, and wait till morning. Be

There was no need after that to urge Martha to hasten. After throwing a
shawl over her head, she started off for Longville with the swiftness of
a hare; and was soon past the engine-house, and threading her way
cautiously through Botfield, where she dreaded to be discovered as she
passed the lighted windows, or across the gleam of some open door. Many
of the houses were quite closed up and dark, but in some there was a
voice of talking; and here and there Martha saw a figure stealing like
herself along the deepest shadows. But she escaped without being
noticed; and, once through the village, her path lay along the silent
high-roads straight on to Longville.

Nor did Stephen linger in the cinder-hill cabin. He ran swiftly over the
pit-banks, and stole along by the limekilns and the blacksmith's shop,
for under the heavy door he could see a little fringe of light. How
loudly the dry cinders cranched under his careful footsteps! Yet, quiet
as the blacksmith's shop was, and soundless as the night without, the
noise did not reach the ears of those who were lurking within, and
Stephen went on in safety. There stood the master's house at last, black
and massive-looking against the dark sky; not a gleam from fire or
candle to be seen below, for every window was closely shuttered; but on
the second storey there shone a lighted casement, which Stephen knew
belonged to the master's chamber. The dog, which came often with Miss
Anne to the cinder-hill cabin, gave one loud bay, and then sprang
playfully upon Stephen, as if to apologize for his mistake in barking at
him. For some minutes the boy stood in deep deliberation, scarcely
daring to knock at the door, lest some of the housebreakers should be
already concealed near the spot, and rush upon him before it was opened,
or else enter with him into the defenceless dwelling. But at length he
gave one very quiet rap with his fingers, and after a minute's pause his
heart bounded with joy as he heard Miss Anne herself asking who was

'Stephen Fern,' he answered, with his lips close to the keyhole, and
speaking in his lowest tones.

'What is the matter, Stephen?' she asked. 'I cannot open the door, for
my uncle always takes the keys with him into his own room.'

'Please to take the light into the pantry for one minute,' he whispered
cautiously, with a fervent hope that Miss Anne would do so without
requiring any further explanations; for he was lost if Black Thompson or
Davies were lying in wait near at hand. Very thankfully he heard Miss
Anne's step across the quarried floor, and in a moment afterwards the
light shone through a low window close by. It was unglazed, with a
screen of open lattice-work over it so as to allow of free ventilation.
It had one thick stone upright in the middle, leaving such a narrow
space as only a boy could creep through. He examined the opening quickly
and carefully while the light remained, and when Miss Anne returned to
the door he whispered again through the keyhole, 'Don't be afraid. It's
me--Stephen; I'm coming in through the pantry window.'

He knew his danger. He knew if any of the robbers came up they must hear
him removing the wooden lattice which was laid over the opening; and
unless they supposed it to be one of their accomplices at work, he would
be at once in their power, exposed to their ill-treatment, or perhaps
suffer death at their hands. And would Miss Anne within trust to him
instead of alarming the master? If he came down and opened the door, all
the designs of the evil men would be hastened and finished before Martha
could return from Longville. But Stephen did not listen, nor did his
fingers tremble over their work, though there was a rush of thoughts and
fears through his brain. He tore away the lattice as quickly and quietly
as he could, and, with one keen glance round at the dark night, he
thrust his head through the narrow frame. He found it was just possible
to crush through; and, after a minute's struggle, his feet rested upon
the pantry floor.



Anne was standing close to the pantry door, listening to Stephen's
mysterious movements in utter bewilderment, hardly knowing whether she
ought to call her uncle, but not coming to a decision about it until the
boy appeared before her. His first quick action was to secure the door
by fastening a rusty bolt which was on the outside, and then, in a few
hurried sentences, he explained his strange conduct by telling her how
Tim had conveyed to him the design of some of the colliers for breaking
into the master's house. There had been several similar robberies in the
country during the strike for wages, and Miss Anne was greatly alarmed,
while Stephen felt all the tender spirit of a brave man aroused within
him, as she sank faint and trembling upon the nearest seat.

'Don't be afraid,' he said courageously; 'they shall tear me to pieces
afore they touch you, Miss Anne. I'm stronger than you'd think; but if I
can't take care of thee, God can. Hasn't He sent me here, afore they
come, on purpose? They'd have come upon you unawares, but for God.'

'You are right, Stephen,' answered Miss Anne. 'He says, "Thou shalt not
be afraid for the terror by night." But what shall we do? How can we
make ourselves safer? I'll try not to be afraid; but we must do all we
can ourselves. Hark! there's a footstep already!'

Yes, there was a footstep, and not a very stealthy one, approaching the
house, and the dog bounded forward to the full length of his chain, but
he was beaten down with a blow that stunned him. The men were too strong
in numbers, and too secure in the extreme loneliness of the dwelling, to
care about taking many precautions. Miss Anne and Stephen heard Mr.
Wyley cross the floor of his room above, and open his window; but there
was silence again, and the chime of the house clock striking eleven was
the only sound that broke the silence until the casement above was
reclosed, and the master's footfall returned across the room.

'I must go and tell him,' said Miss Anne; 'perhaps he can secure some of
his money, lest Martha should be stopped on the way, or not come in
time. Stay here and watch, Stephen, and let me know if you hear

She stole up-stairs in the dark, lest those without should see the
glimmer of her candle through the fanlight in the hall; and then she
spoke softly to her uncle through his locked and bolted door.
Down-stairs Stephen listened with his quickened hearing to the footsteps
gathering round the house; and presently the latch of the pantry door
was lifted with a sudden click that made him start and catch his breath;
but Jack Davies could come no further, now the rusty bolt was drawn on
the outside. There was a whispered conversation through the pantry
window, and the sound of some one getting out again; and then Stephen
crept across the dark kitchen into the hall through which Miss Anne had
gone. At the head of the staircase was the door of the master's room,
now standing open; and the light from it served to guide him across the
strange hall, and up the stairs, until he reached the doorway, and could
look in. The chamber had a low and sloping ceiling, and a gable-window
in the roof, which was defended by strong bars. Near this window was an
open cabinet, containing many little drawers and divisions, all of which
were filled with papers; while upon a leaf in the front there lay rolls
of bank notes, and heaps of golden money, which the master had been
counting over. He stood beside his cabinet as if he had just risen from
this occupation, and was leaning upon his chair, panic-stricken at the
tidings Miss Anne had uttered. His grey hair was scattered over his
forehead, instead of being smoothly brushed back; and the long, loose
coat, which hung carelessly around his shrivelled form and stooping
shoulders, made him look far older than he did in the day-time. As
Stephen's eyes rested upon the sunken form and quaking limbs of the aged
man, he felt, for the first time, how helpless and infirm his enemy was,
instead of the rich, full, and prospering master he had always
considered him.

'Keep off!' cried the old miser, as he caught sight of Stephen on the
threshold; and he raised his withered arm as if to ward him from his
treasures. 'Keep off! Stephen Fern, is it you? You've come to take your
revenge. The robbers and murderers have got in! O God, have pity upon

'I'm come to take care of Miss Anne,' said Stephen, 'They've not got in
yet, master. And, please God, help will be here afore long with Martha.
The doors and windows are safe.'

'Anne, take him away!' implored Mr. Wyley. 'I don't know if it is true,
but take him away. I'm not safe while he's there; they will murder me!
Go, go!'

Miss Anne led Stephen away; and no sooner were they outside the room,
than the master rushed forward and locked and barred the door securely
behind them. There was a window in the landing, looking over the yard
where the housebreakers were, and they stood at it in silence, straining
their eyes into the darkness. But it did not remain dark long; for a
thin, bright flame burst up from behind the dairy wall, and by its
fitful blaze they could see the figures of four men coming rapidly round
from that corner of the old building.

'Fire! fire!' they shouted, in wild voices of alarm, and beating the
iron-studded door with heavy sticks. 'Wake up, master! wake up! the
house is on fire!'

Their only answer was a frantic scream from the servant, who thrust her
head out of her window, and echoed their shouts with piercing cries. But
Stephen and Miss Anne did not move; only Miss Anne laid her hand upon
his arm, and he felt how much she trembled.

'They're only trying to frighten us,' he said quietly; 'that's only the
wood-stack on fire. They think to frighten us to open the door, by
making believe that the house is on fire. Miss Anne, I'm praying to God
all the while to send Martha in time.'

'So am I,' she answered, sobbing; 'but oh, Stephen, I am frightened.'

'Miss Anne,' he said, in a comforting tone, 'that chapter about faith
you've been teaching me, it says something about quenching fire.'

'"Quenched the violence of fire,"' she murmured; '"out of weakness were
made strong."'

She hid her face for a minute or two in both her hands; and then she was
strong enough to go to the servant's room, where the terrified girl was
still calling for help. The wild shouts and the deafening clamour at the
door rang through the house; but the blaze was gone down again; and when
Stephen threw open the window just over the heads of the group of men in
the yard below, there was not light enough for him to distinguish their

'I'm here,' he said,--'Stephen Fern. I found out what you are up to, and
Martha's gone to Longville for help. She'll be here afore long, and you
can't force the door open. Put out the fire in the wood-stack, and go
home. Maybe if you're not found here you'll get off; for I've seen none
of you, and I can only guess at who you are. Go home, I say.'

There was a low, deep growl of disappointment, and a hurried
consultation among the men. But whether they would follow Stephen's
counsel, it was not permitted them to choose; for suddenly a strong,
bright flame burst up in a high column, like a beacon, into the midnight
air, and every one gazing upwards saw in a moment that the thatch over
the farthest gable had caught fire. The house itself was now burning,
and the light, blazing full upon their upturned faces, revealed to
Stephen the well-known features of four of his former comrades. The
shout that rang from their lips was one of real alarm now.

'Stephen, lad, open the door!' cried Black Thompson. 'We thought to
smoke the old fox out of his kennel, but it's took fire in earnest.
We'll not hurt him, nor Miss Anne. Lad! the old house will burn like

What a glaring light spread through the landing! The face of Miss Anne
coming from the servant's room shone rosy and bright in it, though she
was pale with fear. Through the open window drifted a suffocating smoke
of burning wood and thatch, and the crackling and splitting of the old
roof sounded noisily above their voices; but Miss Anne commanded
herself, and spoke calmly to Stephen.

'We must open the door to them now,' she said; 'God will protect us from
these wicked men. Uncle! uncle! the house is really on fire, and we want
the keys. Let me in.'

She knocked loudly at his door, and lifted up her voice to make him
hear, and Stephen shouted; but there was no answer. Without the keys of
the massive locks it would not be possible to open the doors, and he had
them in his own keeping; but he gave no heed to their calls, nor the
vehement screams of the frightened servant. Perhaps he had fallen into a
fit; and they had no means of entering his chamber, so securely had he
fastened himself in with his gold. Stephen and Miss Anne gazed at one
another in the dazzling and ominous light, but no words crossed their
trembling lips. Oh, the horror of their position! And already other
voices were mingled with those of the assailants; and every one was
shouting from without, praying them to open the door, and be saved from
their tremendous peril.

'I'll not open the door!' said Mr. Wyley from within; 'they will rob and
murder me. They are come to kill me, and I may as well die here. There's
no help.'

'There is help, dear uncle!' cried Miss Anne; 'there are other people
from Botfield; and help is coming from Longville. Oh, let me in!'

'No,' said the master, 'they all hate me. They'll kill me, and say it
was done in the fire. I'll not open to anybody.'

She prayed and expostulated in vain; he cared little for their danger,
so hardened was he by a selfish fear for himself. The fire was gaining
ground quickly, for a brisk wind had sprung up, and the long-seasoned
timber in the old walls burnt like touchwood. The servant lay insensible
on the threshold of the master's chamber; and Miss Anne and Stephen
looked out from a front casement upon the gathering crowd, who implored
them, with frenzied earnestness, to throw open the door.

'Miss Anne,' cried Stephen, 'you can get through the pantry window; you
are little enough. Oh, be quick, and let me see you safe!'

'I cannot,' she answered: 'not yet! Not till the last moment. I dare not
leave my uncle and that poor girl. Oh, Stephen, if Martha would but

She rested her head against the casement, sobbing, as though her grief
could not be assuaged. Stephen felt heart-sick with his intense longing
for the arrival of help from Longville, as he watched the progress of
the fire; but at last, after what appeared ages of waiting, they heard a
shout in the distance, and saw a little band of horsemen galloping up to
the burning house.

'They are come from Longville, uncle,' cried Miss Anne. 'You must open
now; there is not a moment to spare. The fire is gaining upon us fast.'

He had seen their approach himself, and now he opened the doors, and
gave the keys to Miss Anne. He had collected all his papers and notes in
one large bundle, which he had clasped in his arms; and as soon as the
crowd swept in through the open doors, he cried aloud to the constable
from Longville to come and guard him. There was very little time for
saving anything out of the house, for before long the flames gathered
such volume and strength as to drive every one out before them; and as
Stephen stood beside the miserable old man, who was shivering in the
bitter night wind, he beheld his dwelling destroyed as suddenly and
entirely as the hut at Fern's Hollow had been.



Mr. Wyley would not stir from the place where he could gaze upon his old
home burning to the ground. He stood rooted to the spot, like one
fascinated and enchained by a power he could not resist, grasping his
precious bundle to his breast, and clinging firmly to the arm of the
Longville doctor, who had been one of those who hastened to his rescue.
Now and then he broke out into a deep cry, which he did not seem to hear
himself; but even the grey dawn of the morning, brightening over the
rounded outlines of the mountains, did not awaken him from his trance of
terror and bewilderment. Miss Anne kept near to him all night, and
Stephen lingered about her, making a seat for her upon the grass, and
taking care that Martha also should be at hand to wait upon her. There
was a great buzzing of people about them, hurrying to and fro; and every
now and then they heard different conjectures as to how the fire began.
But it was not, generally known that the constables from Longville and
Botfield had contrived to arrest Black Thompson and Davies in the midst
of the confusion, and had quietly taken them off to the jail at
Longville. When the daylight grew strong, it shone upon a smouldering
mass of ruins, and heaps of broken furniture piled upon the down-trodden
grass. The master had grown aged in that one night, and he gazed
helplessly about him, as if for some one to direct and guide him. He no
longer refused to quit the place, only he would not trust himself
anywhere near Botfield; and as soon as a carriage could be procured, he
and Miss Anne were driven off to Longville. There was nothing more to
wait for now; and Stephen went quietly home to breakfast in the
cinder-hill cabin.

It was a good deal later than usual that morning when the engineman at
the works sent down the first skip-load of colliers into the pit. Four
of their number were absent, but that excited no surprise after the
events of the night; and even Bess Thompson supposed her father had gone
off to the public-house with the others. But what was the amazement of
the colliers when they found Tim at the bottom of the shaft, fiercely
hungry after his night's fasting, and as fiercely anxious to hear what
had been taking place overhead. He had the prudence, however, to listen
to their revelations without making any of his own, and would not even
explain how he came to be left behind in the pit. He went up in the
ascending skip, and, escaping from the curiosity of the people on the
bank, he darted as straight as an arrow to Stephen's cabin.

'I'm nigh clemmed,' were his first words, as he seized the brown loaf
and cut off a slice, which he devoured ravenously. 'It seems like a
year,' he continued; 'thee'lt never catch me being left behind anywhere
again. Eh, Stephen, lad! many a time I shouted for fear I'd never see
daylight again; it's awful down there in the night. Thee hears them as
thee can't see punning agen the coal; and then there comes a downfall
like a clap of thunder. I wasn't so much afeared of little Nan: she
never did any harm when she was alive; and I thought God was too good to
send her out of heaven just to terrify a poor lad like me.'

'But how did thee get left behind?' asked Martha.

Then Tim told them how the horse-doctor had gone down to secure one of
the ponies in a large, strong net, in order to bring it to the surface
of the earth for a time; and that he had gone down with him more for his
own amusement than to help him. He had wandered a little way into the
winding galleries of the pit, and came back just as the skip was going
up for the last time but one. Thompson and Davies were deep in
conversation with the men who remained, and, stealing behind them, he
overheard their plot, and their intention of persuading Stephen to join
them. After that he dare not for his very life come forward when the
skip descended, and he watched them go up, leaving him alone for the
night in that dismal place. He had his father's lamp with him, and so
made his way to the bottom of the old shaft, and waited, with what
impatience and anxiety we may imagine, to hear Stephen return from his

'It was awfully lonesome,' he said, 'and I thought Stephen would never
come, or I'd never make him hear. It wasn't much better after he had
come, only for thinking Miss Anne would be safe. My lamp went out, and I
reckon I said "Our Father" over a hundred times. Besides, I was
wondering what was being done overhead. I'll never be left behind
anywhere again, I can tell ye.'

'Well,' said Stephen, 'my sheep and lambs don't know about the fire, and
I must be off. They'll want me just as bad as if I'd been in bed all

Still he could not help turning aside with Tim just for another glimpse
of the smouldering ruins, looking so black and desolate in the daylight.
But after that he did not loiter a minute, and spent the rest of the
morning in diligent attention to his duties, until, a little before
mid-day, he saw the farmer who employed him riding across the
sheep-walk; and when he ran forward to receive his orders, he bade him
make haste and go home to prepare himself for appearing before the
magistrate, to give his evidence against Black Thompson and his

When Stephen reached the cinder-hill cabin he found Tim there again, and
Bess Thompson waiting to see him. Poor Bess had been crying bitterly,
for by this time it was known that her father and Davies were in jail;
though the others, being young and single men, had fled at once from the
place, and escaped for the present. As soon as Stephen entered, Bess
threw herself on her knees at his feet, and looked up imploringly into
his face.

'Oh, dear, good Stephen,' she cried, 'thee canst save father! I'll kneel
here till thee has promised to save him. Oh, don't bear any spite agen
him, but forgive him and save him!'

'Get up, Bess,' said Stephen kindly; 'don't thee kneel down to a fellow
like me. I'll do anything for thy father; I've no spite agen him.'

'Oh, I knew thee would!' she said; 'thee'lt tell the justice thee never
saw him there till the other folks came up from Botfield. Tim says he
didn't see anybody down in the pit, and he's promised not to swear to
their names. Don't thee swear to seeing anybody.'

'But I did see every one of them,' Stephen answered; 'and Tim knew all
their voices; and there'll be lots to tell who came up in the last

'There's nobody in Botfield will swear agen them,' pleaded Bess. 'Whose
place is it to know who came up in the last skip, or who was at the fire
last night? Oh, Stephen, the Bible says we're to do good to them that
hate us. And if father's hated thee, thee canst save him now.'

'Ay,' said Tim, 'Bess is right; there's not a mother's son in Botfield
to swear agen them for the master's sake. If he didn't see them, nor
Miss Anne, why need we know? I'll soon baffle the justice, I promise ye.
It's a rare chance to forgive Black Thompson, anyhow.'

'Bess and Tim,' answered Stephen, in great distress, 'I can't do it. It
isn't that I bear a grudge against thy father--I've almost forgotten
that he ever did anything to me. But it's not true; it's sure to come
out somehow. Why, I don't even know what I said to Miss Anne last night;
but if I hadn't told a word to anybody, I'd be bound to tell the truth

'Only say thee aren't certain,' urged Bess.

'Nay, lass,' said Stephen, 'I am certain. I'd do anything that was right
for thy sake, and to save thy father; but I can't do this, and it would
be no use if I could. God seeth in secret, and He will reward men
openly. He's begun to reward the master already. We can do nothing for
thy father, but every one of us tell the truth, and pray to God for

'Father was good to thee when thou wert ill,' said Bess.

'Ay, I know it,' he replied; 'but if he was my own father, I could not
tell a lie to get him off. I'd do anything I could. Oh, Bess and Tim,
don't ask me to go agen the right!'

'It'll break mother's heart,' said Bess, bursting out into a loud
crying. 'We made sure of thee, because thee says so much about having
thy enemies; and we were only afeared of Tim. Thee says we are to do to
another as we'd have them do to us. If thee was in father's place,
thee'd want him to do as I ask thee. Thee doesn't think father wants
thee to swear agen him?'

'Nay,' answered Stephen, 'the justice and Miss Anne would have me tell
the truth. It seems as if I can't do to everybody as they'd like me; so
I'll abide by telling the truth.'

There was no time for further discussion, for the constable from
Longville came in to conduct them before the magistrate, to give their
separate evidence concerning the events of the past night. Bess went
with them, weeping all the way beside them, and grieving Stephen's heart
by her tears, though she dared not speak a word in the constable's
presence. But he gave his testimony gravely and truthfully, and Tim and
Martha followed his example; and, in consequence of their joint
evidence, Black Thompson and Davies were fully committed to take their
trial at the next assizes, and were removed that afternoon to the county



Bess Thompson started off on her way to her desolate home, almost
heart-broken, and with such a wrathful resentment against Stephen, and
Martha, and Tim, as seemed to blot out all memory of the lessons she had
been learning from Miss Anne since the little child's death. She could
never bear to go near them, or speak to them again, since they had sworn
against her father; and had not he been good to them when Stephen was
ill, often sparing her to watch with Martha, as well as helping to make
up his wages? If this was their religion, she did not care to have it;
for nobody else in Botfield would have done the same. And now she might
as well give up all thoughts of getting to heaven, where little Nan and
her baby sister were; for there would be nobody to care for her, and she
would be obliged to go back to all her old ways.

These were her bitter thoughts as she walked homewards alone, for
Stephen was gone up to the doctor's house to inquire after the master
and Miss Anne, and the others were waiting for him in Longville. She
heard their voices after a while coming along the turnpike road, and
walking quickly as if to overtake her; so she turned aside into a field,
and hid herself under a hedge that they might pass by. She crouched down
low upon the grass, and covered her red and smarting eyes from the
sunshine with her shawl, and then she listened for their footsteps to
die away in the distance. But she felt an arm stealing round her, and
Martha's voice whispered close in her ear,--

'Bess, dear Bess, thee must not hide thyself from us. We love thee,
Bess; and we are sore sorry for thee. Stephen is ever so down-hearted
about thee and thy father. Oh, Bess, thee must have no spite at us.'

'Bess,' said Stephen, 'thy father owned I was telling the truth, and
said he forgave me for speaking agen him; and he shook hands with me
afore he went; and he said, "Stephen, thee be a friend to my poor lass!"
and I gave him a sure promise that I would.'

'Nobody'll ever look at me now,' cried Bess; 'nobody'll be friends with
me if father's transported.'

'We're thy friends,' answered Stephen, 'and thee has a Father in heaven
that cares for thee. Listen, Bess; it will do thee good, and poor old
grandfather no harm now. He was transported beyond the seas once; and no
one casts it up to him now, nor to us; and haven't we got friends? Cheer
up, Bess. Miss Anne says, maybe this very trouble will bring thy father
to repentance. He said he'd repent some time; and maybe this will be the
very time for him. And Miss Anne sends her kind love to thee and thy
mother, and she'll come and see thy mother as soon as she can leave the

Thus comforted, poor sorrowful Bess rose from the ground, and walked on
with them to Botfield. Most of the house doors were open, and the women
were standing at them in order to waylay them with inquisitive
questions; but Stephen's grave and steady face, and the presence of
Bess, who walked close beside him, as if there was shelter and
protection there, kept them silent; and they were compelled to satisfy
their curiosity with secondhand reports. Martha went on with Bess to her
own cottage to stay all night with her, and help her to console her
broken-hearted mother.

Though Martha was truly sorry for Black Thompson's family, she felt her
importance as one of the chief witnesses against him; especially as the
cinder-hill cabin was visited, not only by the gossips of Botfield, but
by more distinguished persons from all the farmhouses around; and her
thrilling narrative of her hazardous journey through Botfield along the
high road was listened to with greedy interest. In this foolish talking
she lost that true sympathy which she ought to have felt for poor Bess,
and forfeited the blessing which would have been given to her own soul.
But it was very different with Stephen in his lonely work upon the
mountains. There he thought over the crimes and punishment of Black
Thompson, until his heart was filled with an unutterable pity and
fellow-feeling both towards him and his family; and every night, as he
went home from his labour, he turned aside to the cottage, to read to
Bess and her mother some portion of the Scriptures which he had chosen
for their comfort, out of a pocket Bible given to him by Miss Anne.

About a fortnight after these events Stephen received a visitor upon the
uplands, where he was seeking a lamb that had strayed into a dwarf
forest of gorse-bushes, and was bleating piteously in its bewilderment.
A pleasant-sounding voice called 'Stephen Fern!' and when he got free
from the entangling thorns, with the rescued lamb in his arms, who
should be waiting for him but the lord of the manor himself! Stephen
knew his face again in an instant, and dropped the lamb that he might
take off his old cap, while the gentleman smiled at him with a hearty

'I am Danesford, of Danesford,' he said gaily; 'and I believe you are
Stephen Fern, of Fern's Hollow. I've brought you a message, my boy. Can
you guess what young lady has sent me over the hills after you?'

'Miss Anne,' answered Stephen promptly.

'No; there are other young ladies in the world beside Miss Anne!'
replied Mr. Danesford. 'Have you forgotten Miss Lockwood? She has not
forgotten you; and we are come home ready to give battle to your
enemies, and reinstate you in all your rights. She gives Mr. Lockwood
and me no rest until we have got Fern's Hollow, and everything else, for
you again.'

'Sir,' said Stephen, and his eyes filled with tears, 'nobody can give me
back little Nan.'

'No,' answered Mr. Danesford gravely; 'I know how hardly you have been
dealt with, my boy. Tell me truly, is your religion strong enough to
enable you to forgive Mr. Wyley indeed? Is it possible that you can
forgive him from your heart?'

Stephen was silent, looking down at the heath upon which his feet were
pressed, but seeing none of its purple blossoms. It was a question that
must not be answered rashly, for even that morning he had glanced down
the fatal shaft with a deep yearning after little Nan; and as he passed
the ruins of his master's house, his memory had recalled the destruction
of the old hut with something of a feeling of triumph.

'Sir,' he said, looking up to him, 'I'm afraid I can't explain myself.
You know it was for my sake that the Lord Jesus was killed, yet His
Father has forgiven me all my sins; and when I think of that, I can
forgive the master even for little Nan's death with all my heart. But I
don't always remember it; and then I feel a little glad at the fire. I
haven't got much religion yet. I don't know everything that's in the

'Yet I could learn some lessons from you, Stephen,' said Mr. Danesford,
after a pause. 'What do you suppose I should do if anybody tried to take
Danesford Hall from me?'

'I don't know, sir,' answered Stephen.

'Nor do I,' he said, smiling; 'at any rate, they should not have it with
my consent. Nor shall anybody take Fern's Hollow from you. I have been
down to Longville about it, but Mr. Wyley is too ill to see me. By the
way, I told Miss Anne I was coming up the hills after you. She wants to
see you, Stephen, as soon as possible after your work is done.'

Mr. Danesford rode on over the hills, and Stephen walked some way beside
him, to put him into the nearest path for Danesford. After he was gone
he watched earnestly for the evening shadows, and when they stretched
far away across the plains, he hastened down to the cabin, and then on
to Longville, to his appointed interview with Miss Anne.



When the master at last consented to leave the sight of his old dwelling
burning into blackened heaps, he seemed to care nothing where he might
be taken. He was without a home, and almost without a friend. It was not
accident merely, but the long-provoked hatred of his people, that had
driven him from the old chambers and the old roof which had sheltered
him for so many years, and where all the habits and memories of his life
centred. Miss Anne had not been long enough at Botfield to form
friendships on her own account, except among the poor and ignorant
people on her uncle's works; and she accepted most thankfully the offer
of the doctor from Longville to give them a refuge in his house. No
sooner had they arrived there than it was discovered that the master was
struck with paralysis, brought on by the shock of the fire, and all the
terrifying circumstances attending it. He was carried at once to a
bedroom, and from that time Miss Anne had been fully occupied in nursing

He had seemed to be getting better the last day or two, and his power of
speech had returned, though he spoke but rarely; only following Miss
Anne's movements with earnest eyes, and hardly suffering her to leave
him, even for necessary rest and refreshment. All that afternoon he had
been tossing his restless head from side to side, uttering deep, low
groans, and murmuring now and then to himself words which Miss Anne
could not understand. She looked white and ill herself, as if her
strength were nearly exhausted; but after the doctor had been in, and,
feeling the master's pulse, shook his head solemnly, she would not
consent to leave his bedside for any length of time.

'How long?' she whispered, going with the doctor to the outside of the

'Not more than twenty-four hours,' was the answer.

'Will he be conscious all the time?' she asked again.

'I cannot tell certainly,' replied the doctor, 'but most probably not.'

Only twenty-four hours! One day of swiftly-passing time, and then the
eternal future! One more sun-setting, and one more sun-rising, and then
everlasting night, or eternal day! For a minute Miss Anne leaned against
the doorway, with a fainting spirit. There was so much to do, and so
short a space for doing anything. All the real business of the whole
life had to be crowded into these few hours, if possible. As she entered
the room, her uncle's eyes met hers with a glance of unspeakable
anguish, and he called her in a trembling tone to her side.

'I heard,' he whispered. 'Anne, what must be done now?'

'Oh, uncle,' she said, 'have I not told you often, that "Christ Jesus
came into the world to save sinners"? There is no limit with God; with
him one day is as a thousand years, and He gives you still a day to make
your peace with Him.'

'There is no peace for my soul with God,' he answered; 'I've been at
enmity with Him all my life; and will He receive me at the last moment?
He is too just, too righteous, Anne. I'll not insult Him by offering Him
my soul now. You asked me once, "What shall it profit a man if he shall
gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?" Mine is lost--lost, and
that without remedy. This gold is a millstone about my neck.'

'Uncle,' she said, commanding her voice with a great effort, 'the thief
upon the cross beside our Lord had a shorter time than you, for he was
to die at sunset that day; yet he repented and believed in the crucified
Saviour, who was able to pardon him. Christ is still waiting to forgive;
He is stretching out His arms to receive you. Only look at Him with the
same penitence and faith that the dying thief felt.'

'Nay,' groaned the dying man, 'he could show his faith by confessing Him
before all those who were crucifying the Lord, and it was a glory to the
Saviour to forgive him then. But what glory would it be to pardon me on
this death-bed, where I can do nothing for Him? No; I can do
nothing--nothing! All these years I could have worked for God; but now I
can do nothing!'

'Uncle,' said Miss Anne, 'our Lord was asked by some, "What shall we do,
that we might work the works of God?" and He answered them, "This is the
work of God, that ye believe on Him whom He hath sent." Oh, that is all!
Believe on Him, and He will forgive you; and all the angels in heaven
will glorify Him for His mercy.'

'Anne,' he answered, fixing on her a look of despair, 'I cannot. My
heart is hard and heavy; I remember when it used to feel and care about
these things; but it is dead now, and my soul is lost for ever. Anne,
even if Jesus is willing to pardon me, I cannot believe in forgiveness.'

Miss Anne sank down by the bedside, unable to answer him, save by a
prayer, half aloud, to God for His mercy to be shown to him, if it were
possible! He lay there, helpless and hopeless, tossing to and fro upon
the pillows. At last he spoke again, in a sharp, clear, energetic tone.

'Anne, be quick!' he said; 'find me my will among those papers. Perhaps
if I could do something, I might be able to believe.'

He watched her with impatient eagerness as she turned over the precious
parcel of papers which he had rescued from the fire. There were many
documents and writings belonging to the property he had gathered
together, and it was some time before she could find the will. The
master tried to take it from her, but in vain; his right hand was

'Oh, I forgot!' he cried despairingly; 'this hand is useless, and I
cannot alter it now. God will not let me undo the mischief I have done.
Anne, I have left Fern's Hollow away from you to my brother Thomas, lest
you should restore it to Stephen; and now I can do nothing! Oh, misery,
misery! The robbery and murder of the fatherless children rest upon my
soul. Send quickly, Anne, send for Stephen Fern.'

Miss Anne sent a messenger to hasten Stephen; and after that the master
lay perfectly still, with closed eyes, as if he were treasuring up the
little strength remaining to him. The last sunset was over, and the
night-lamp was lighted once more; while Miss Anne sat beside him
watching, in an agony of prayer to God. There was no sound to be heard,
for every one in the house knew that the old man was dying, and they
kept a profound quietness throughout all the rooms. He had taken no
notice of anything since he asked for Stephen; but when a light rap was
heard at the door he opened his eyes, and turned his grey head round
anxiously to see whether he was come.

It was Stephen. He stood within the doorway, not liking to enter
farther, but looking straight forward at the master with a very pale and
sorrowful face, upon which there was no trace of triumph or hatred. Miss
Anne gazed earnestly at him, but she did not speak; she would not place
herself between him and his dying enemy now.

'Come here, Stephen,' said the master, in a voice of hopeless agony.
'When little Nan was lying dead, you said you would wait, and see what
God could do to me. Come near, and hear, and see. Death is nothing, boy;
it will be only a glory to you to die. But God is letting loose His
terrors upon me; He is mocking at my soul, and laughing at my calamity.
Soon, soon I shall be in eternity, without hope, and without God.'

'Oh, master, master,' exclaimed Stephen, 'there is a time yet for our
Father to forgive thee! It doesn't take long to forgive! It didn't take
even me long to forgive; and oh, how quickly God can do it if you'll
only ask Him!'

'Do you forgive me?' asked the master, in astonishment.

'Ah,' he cried, 'I forgave thee long since, directly after I was ill. It
was God who helped me; and wouldn't He rather forgive thee Himself? Oh,
He loves thee! He taught me how to love thee; and could He do that if He
didn't love thee His own self?'

'If I could only believe in being forgiven!' said the dying man.

'Oh, believe it, dear master! See, I am here; I have forgiven thee, and
I do love thee. Little Nan can never come back, and yet I love thee, and
forgive thee from my very heart. Will not Jesus much more forgive thee?'

'Pray for me, Stephen. Kneel down there, and pray aloud,' he said; and
his eyelids closed feebly, and his restless head lay still, as if he had
no more power to move it.

'I cannot,' answered Stephen; 'I'm only a poor lad, and I don't know how
to do it up loud. Miss Anne will pray for thee.'

'If you have forgiven me, pray to God for me,' murmured the master,
opening his eyes again with a look of deep entreaty. Over Stephen's pale
face a smile was kindling, a smile of pure, intense love and faith, and
the light in his pitying eyes met the master's dying gaze with a gleam
of strengthening hope. He clasped the cold hand in both his own, and,
kneeling down beside him, he prayed from his very soul, 'Lord, lay not
this sin to his charge.'

He could say no more; and Miss Anne, who knelt by him, was silent,
except that one sob burst from her lips. The master stirred no more, but
lay still, with his numb and paralyzed hand in Stephen's clasp; but in a
few minutes he uttered these words, in a tone of mingled entreaty and
assertion, 'God be merciful to me a sinner!'

That was all. An hour or two afterwards it was known throughout
Longville, and the news was on the way to Botfield, that the master of
Botfield works was dead.



Three months later in the year, when the new house at Fern's Hollow was
quite finished, with its dairy and coal-shed, and a stable put up at Mr.
Lockwood's desire, a large party assembled within the walls. Martha had
been diligently occupied all the week in a grand cleaning down; and Tim
and Stephen had been equally busy in clearing away the litter left by
the builders, and in restoring the garden to some order. They had been
obliged to contrive some temporary seats for their visitors, for the old
furniture had not yet been brought up from the cinder-hill cabin; and
the only painful thoughts Martha had were the misgiving of its extreme
scantiness in their house with six rooms. The pasture before the cottage
was now securely enclosed, and the wild ponies neighed over the hedge in
vain at the sight of the clear, cool pool where they had been used to
quench their thirst; and behind the house there was a plantation of tiny
fir-trees bending to and fro in the wind, which they were to resist as
they grew larger. Every place was in perfect order; and the front room,
which was almost grand enough for a parlour, was beautifully decorated
with flowers in honour of the expected guests, who had sent word that
they should visit Fern's Hollow that afternoon.

They could be seen far away from the window of the upper storey, which,
rising above the brow of the hill behind, commanded a wide view of the
mountain plains. They were coming on horseback across the almost
pathless uplands; dear Miss Anne, with Mr. Lockwood riding beside her;
and a little way behind them the lord of the manor and his young wife,
who was no other than Miss Lockwood herself. They greeted Stephen and
Martha with many smiles and words of congratulation; and when they were
seated in the decorated room, with the door and window opened upon the
beautiful landscape, Mr. Lockwood bade them come and sit down with them;
while Tim helped the groom to put up the horses in the stable.

'My boy,' said Mr. Lockwood, 'our business is finished at last. Mr.
Thomas Wyley will not try his right to Fern's Hollow by law; but we have
agreed to give him the £15 paid to your grandfather, and also to pay to
him all the actual cost of the work done here. Miss Anne and I have had
a quarrel on the subject, but she consents that I shall pay that as a
mark of my esteem for you, and my old servant your mother. Mr. Danesford
intends to make a gift to you of the pasture and plantation, which were
an encroachment upon the manor. And now I want you to take my advice
into the bargain. Jackson wants to come here, and offers a rent of £20 a
year for the place. Will you let him have it till you are old enough to
manage it properly yourself, Stephen?'

'Yes, if you please, sir,' replied Stephen, in some perplexity; for he
and Martha had quite concluded that, they should come and live there
again themselves.

'Jackson will make a tidy little farm of it for you,' continued Mr.
Lockwood. 'My daughter proposes taking Martha into her service, and
putting her into the way of learning dairy-work, and many other things
of which she is now ignorant. Are you willing, Martha?'

'Oh yes, sir!' said Martha, with a look of admiration at young Mrs.

'In this case, Stephen,' Mr. Lockwood went on, 'you will have a yearly
income of £20, and we would like to hear what you will do with it?'

'There's grandfather,' said Stephen diffidently.

'Right, my boy!' cried Mr. Lockwood, with a smile of satisfaction;
'well, Miss Anne thinks he would be very comfortable with Mrs. Thompson,
and she would be glad of a little money with him. But he cannot live
much longer, Stephen; he is very aged, and the doctor thinks he will
hardly get over the autumn. So we had better settle what shall be done
after grandfather is gone.'

'Sir,' said Stephen, 'I think Martha should have some good of
grandmother's work, if she is only a girl. So hadn't the rent better be
saved up for her till I'm old enough to come and manage the farm

Every face in the room glowed with approbation of Stephen's suggestion;
and Martha flushed crimson at the very thought of possessing so much
money; and visions of future greatness, more than her grandmother had
foreseen, passed before her mind.

'Why, Martha will be quite an heiress!' said Mr. Lockwood. 'So she is
provided for, and grandfather. And what do you intend to do with
yourself, Stephen, till you come back here?'

'I'm strong enough to go back to the pit,' replied Stephen bravely,
though inwardly he shrank from it; but how else could the rent of Fern's
Hollow be laid by for Martha? 'Now Miss Anne has raised the wages, I
should get eight shillings a week, and more as I grow older. I shall do
for myself very nicely, thank you, sir; and maybe I could lodge with
grandfather at Mrs. Thompson's.'

'No,' said Miss Anne, in her gentle voice, the sweetest voice in the
world to Stephen, now little Nan's was silent; 'Stephen is my dear
friend, and he must let me act the part of a friend towards him. I wish
to send him to live with a good man whom I know, the manager of one of
the great works at Netley, where he may learn everything that will be
necessary to become my bailiff. I shall want a true, trustworthy agent
to look after my interests here, and in a few years Stephen will be old
enough to do this for me. He shall attend a good school for a few hours
daily, to gain a fitting education; and then what servant could I find
more faithful, more true, and more loving than my dear friend Stephen?
He can come back here then, if he chooses, and perhaps have Martha for
his housekeeper, in their old home at Fern's Hollow.'

'Oh, Miss Anne!' cried Stephen, 'I cannot bear it! May I really be your
servant all my life?' and the boy's voice was lost in sobs.

'Come, Stephen,' said the lord of the manor, 'I want you to show us some
of your old haunts on the hills. If Miss Anne had not formed a better
plan, I should have proposed making you my gamekeeper; for Jones has
been telling me about the grouse last year. By the way, if I had thought
it would be any pleasure to you, I should have dismissed him from my
service for his share in this business; but I knew you would be for
begging him in again, so I only told him pretty strongly what a sneak I
thought him.'

They went out then across the uplands, a sunny ramble, to all Stephen's
favourite places. And it happened that when they reached the solitary
yew-tree near which Snip was buried, all the rest strolled on, and left
Stephen and Miss Anne alone. Before them, down at the foot of the
mountains, there stretched a wide plain many miles across, beautiful
with woods and streams; and on the far horizon there hung a light cloud
that was always to be seen there, the index of those great works where
Stephen was to dwell for some years. Near to them they could discern, in
the clear atmosphere, the spires and towers of the county town, where
Black Thompson, who had tempted him on these hills, was now imprisoned
for many years; and below, though hidden from their sight, was Botfield
and the cinder-hill cabin. A band of bilberry-gatherers was coming down
the hill with songs and shouts of laughter; and the frightened flocks of
sheep stood motionless on the hillocks, ready to flee away in a moment
at their approach. Both Miss Anne and Stephen felt a crowd of thoughts,
sorrowful and happy, come thronging to their minds.

'Stephen,' said Miss Anne solemnly, 'our Lord says, "When ye shall have
done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable
servants: we have done that which was our duty to do."'

'Yes, Miss Anne,' said Stephen, looking up inquiringly into his
teacher's face.

'My dear boy,' she continued, 'are you taking care to say to yourself,
"I am an unprofitable servant"?'

'I have not done all those things which are commanded me,' he said
simply and earnestly; 'I've done nothing of myself yet. It's you that
have taught me, Miss Anne; and God has helped me to learn. I'm afeared
partly of going away to Netley; but if you're not there to keep me
right, God is everywhere.'

'Stephen,' Miss Anne said, 'you have forgiven all your enemies: Tim, who
is now your friend, and the gamekeeper, Black Thompson, and my poor
uncle; when you are saying the Lord's Prayer, do you feel as if you
should be satisfied for our Father to forgive you your trespasses in the
same measure and in the same manner as you have forgiven their
trespasses against you?'

'Oh no!' cried Stephen, in a tone of some alarm.

'Tell me why not.'

'It was a rather hard thing for me,' he said; 'it was very hard at
first, and I had to be persuaded to it; and every now and then I felt as
if I'd take the forgiveness back. I shouldn't like to feel as if our
Father found it a hard thing, or repented of it afterwards.'

'No,' answered Miss Anne. 'He is a God "ready to pardon;" and when He
has bestowed forgiveness, His "gifts and calling are without
repentance." But there is something more, Stephen. Do you not seem in
your own mind to know them, and remember them most, by their unkindness
and sins towards you? When you think of Black Thompson, is it not more
as one who has been your enemy than one whom you love without any
remembrance of his faults? And you recollect my uncle as him who drove
you away from your own home, and was the cause of little Nan's death.
Their offences are forgiven fully, but not forgotten.'

'Can I forget?' murmured Stephen.

'No,' she replied; 'but do you not see that we clothe our enemies with
their faults against us? Should our Father do so, should we stand before
Him bearing in His sight all our sins, would that forgiveness content
us, Stephen?'

'Oh no!' he cried again. 'Tell me, Miss Anne, what will He do for me
besides forgiving me?'

'Look, Stephen,' she replied, pointing to the distant sky where the sun
was going down amid purple clouds, and bidding him turn to the grey
horizon where the sun had risen in the morning; 'listen: "As far as the
east is from the west, so far hath He removed our transgressions from
us." And again: "He will turn again, He will have compassion upon us; He
will subdue our iniquities; and Thou wilt cast all their sins into the
depths of the sea." And again: "For I will be merciful to their
unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no
more." This is the forgiveness of our Father, Stephen.'

'Oh, how different to mine!' cried Stephen, hiding his face in his

'Yet,' said Miss Anne, 'you may claim the promise made to us by our
Lord: "If ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will
also forgive you," in a far richer measure, with infinite
long-suffering, and a multitude of tender mercies.'

'Lord, forgive me, for Jesus Christ's sake!' murmured Stephen.

But the dusk was gathering, and the others were returning to them under
the old yew-tree, for there was the long ride over the hills to
Danesford, and the time for parting was come. The day was done; and on
the morrow new work must be entered upon. The path of the commandments
had yet to be trodden, step by step, through temptation and conflict,
and weakness and weariness, until the end was reached.

Stephen felt something of this as he walked home for the last time to
the cinder-hill cabin; and, taking down the old Bible covered with green
baize, read aloud to his grandfather and Martha the chapter his father
had taught him on his death-bed; bending his head in deep and humble
prayer after he had read the last verse: 'Be ye therefore perfect, even
as your Father in heaven is perfect.'


       *       *       *       *       *


Cobwebs and Cables.
Half Brothers.
Through a Needle's Eye.
Bede's Charity.
David Lloyd's Last Will.
The Children of Cloverley.
Fern's Hollow.
The Fishers of Derby Haven.
Pilgrim Street.
A Thorny Path.
Enoch Roden's Training.
In the Hollow of His Hand.

_The Religious Tract Society, London_.

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