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Title: The Poems of Henry Timrod
Author: Timrod, Henry, 1828-1867
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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POEMS OF HENRY TIMROD

By Henry Timrod


With Memoir



Contents



   Introduction
   The Late Judge George S. Bryan

   Spring
   The Cotton Boll
   Præceptor Amat
   The Problem
   A Year's Courtship
   Serenade
   Youth and Manhood
   Hark to the Shouting Wind
   Too Long, O Spirit of Storm
   The Lily Confidante
   The Stream is Flowing from the West
   Vox et Præterea Nihil
   Madeline
   A Dedication
   Katie
   Why Silent?
   Two Portraits
   La Belle Juive
   An Exotic
   The Rosebuds
   A Mother's Wail
   Our Willie
   Address Delivered at the Opening of the New Theatre at Richmond
   A Vision of Poesy
   The Past
   Dreams
   The Arctic Voyager
   Dramatic Fragment
   The Summer Bower
   A Rhapsody of a Southern Winter Night
   Flower-Life
   A Summer Shower
   Baby's Age
   The Messenger Rose
   On Pressing Some Flowers
   1866--Addressed to the Old Year
   Stanzas:  A Mother Gazes Upon Her Daughter, Arrayed for an Approaching Bridal.
     Written in Illustration of a Tableau Vivant
   Hymn Sung at an Anniversary of the Asylum of Orphans at Charleston
   To a Captive Owl
   Love's Logic
   Second Love
   Hymn Sung at the Consecration of Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, S.C.
   Hymn Sung at a Sacred Concert at Columbia, S.C.
   Lines to R. L.
   To Whom?
   To Thee
   Storm and Calm
   Retirement
   A Common Thought


   Poems Written in War Times

   Carolina
   A Cry to Arms
   Charleston
   Ripley
   Ethnogenesis
   Carmen Triumphale
   The Unknown Dead
   The Two Armies
   Christmas
   Ode Sung on the Occasion of Decorating the Graves of the Confederate Dead,
     at Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, S.C., 1867


   Sonnets

      I    "Poet! If on a Lasting Fame Be Bent"
     II    "Most Men Know Love But as a Part of Life"
    III    "Life Ever Seems as from Its Present Site"
     IV    "They Dub Thee Idler, Smiling Sneeringly"
      V    "Some Truths There Be Are Better Left Unsaid"
     VI    "I Scarcely Grieve, O Nature! at the Lot"
    VII    "Grief Dies Like Joy; the Tears Upon My Cheek"
   VIII    "At Last, Beloved Nature! I Have Met"
     IX    "I Know Not Why, But All This Weary Day"
      X    "Were I the Poet-Laureate of the Fairies"
     XI    "Which Are the Clouds, and Which the Mountains?  See"
    XII    "What Gossamer Lures Thee Now?  What Hope, What Name"
   XIII    "I Thank You, Kind and Best Beloved Friend"
    XIV    "Are These Wild Thoughts, Thus Fettered in My Rhymes"
     XV    In Memoriam--Harris Simons


  Poems Now First Collected

  Song Composed for Washington's Birthday, and Respectfully Inscribed
  to the Officers and Members of the Washington Light Infantry of Charleston,
  February 22, 1859

  A Bouquet
  Lines:  "I Stooped from Star-Bright Regions"
  A Trifle
  Lines:  "I Saw, or Dreamed I Saw, Her Sitting Lone"
  Sonnet:  "If I Have Graced No Single Song of Mine"
  To Rosa ----:  Acrostic
  Dedication



Introduction



"A true poet is one of the most precious gifts that can be bestowed on
a generation." He speaks for it and he speaks to it. Reflecting and
interpreting his age and its thoughts, feelings, and purposes, he speaks
for it; and with a love of truth, with a keener moral insight into the
universal heart of man, and with the intuition of inspiration, he speaks
to it, and through it to the world. It is thus

    "The poet to the whole wide world belongs,
    Even as the Teacher is the child's."

"Nor is it to the great masters alone that our homage and thankfulness
are due. Wherever a true child of song strikes his harp, we love to
listen. All that we ask is that the music be native, born of impassioned
impulse that will not be denied, heartfelt, like the lark when she soars
up to greet the morning and pours out her song by the same quivering
ecstasy that impels her flight." For though the voices be many, the
oracle is one, for "God gave the poet his song."

Such was Henry Timrod, the Southern poet. A child of nature, his song
is the voice of the Southland. Born in Charleston, S.C., December 8th,
1829, his life cast in the seething torrent of civil war, his voice was
also the voice of Carolina, and through her of the South, in all the
rich glad life poured out in patriotic pride into that fatal struggle,
in all the valor and endurance of that dark conflict, in all the gloom
of its disaster, and in all the sacred tenderness that clings about its
memories. He was the poet of the Lost Cause, the finest interpreter of
the feelings and traditions of the splendid heroism of a brave people.
Moreover, by his catholic spirit, his wide range, and world-wide
sympathies, he is a true American poet.

The purpose of the _TIMROD MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION_ of his native city and
State, in undertaking this new edition of his poems, is to erect a
suitable public memorial to the poet, and also to let his own words
renew and keep his own memory in his land's literature.


The earliest edition of Timrod's poems was a small volume by Ticknor &
Fields, of Boston, in 1860, just before the Civil War. This contained
only the poems of the first eight or nine years previous, and was warmly
welcomed North and South. The "New York Tribune" then greeted this small
first volume in these words: "These poems are worthy of a wide audience,
and they form a welcome offering to the common literature of our
country."

In this first volume was evinced the culture, the lively fancy, the
delicate and vigorous imagination, and the finished artistic power
of his mind, even then rejoicing in the fullness and freshness of its
creations and in the unwearied flow of its natural music. But it fell
then on the great world of letters almost unheeded, shut out by the war
cloud that soon broke upon the land, enveloping all in darkness.

The edition of his complete poems was not issued until the South was
recovering from the ravage of war, and was entitled "The Poems of Henry
Timrod, edited with a sketch of the Poet's life by Paul H. Hayne. E. J.
Hale & Son, publishers, New York, 1873." And immediately, in 1874, there
followed a second edition of this volume, which contained the noble
series of war poems and other lyrics written since the edition of 1860.
In 1884 an illustrated edition of "Katie" was published by Hale & Son,
New York. All of these editions were long ago exhausted by an admiring
public.

The present edition contains the poems of all the former editions, and
also some earlier poems not heretofore published.


The name of Timrod has been closely identified with the history of South
Carolina for over a century. Before the Revolution, Henry Timrod, of
German birth, the founder of the family in America, was a prominent
citizen of Charleston, and the president of that historic association,
the German Friendly Society, still existing, a century and a quarter
old. We find his name first on the roll of the German Fusiliers of
Charleston, volunteers formed in May, 1775, for the defense of the
country, immediately on hearing of the battle of Lexington. Again in
the succeeding generation, in the Seminole war and in the peril of
St. Augustine, the German Fusiliers were commanded by his son, Captain
William Henry Timrod, who was the father of the poet, and who himself
published a volume of poems in the early part of the century. He was
the editor of a literary periodical published in Charleston, to which
he himself largely contributed. He was of strong intellect and delicate
feelings, and an ardent patriot.

Some of the more striking of the poems of the elder Timrod are the
following. Washington Irving said of these lines that Tom Moore had
written no finer lyric:--


        To Time, the Old Traveler


    They slander thee, Old Traveler,
     Who say that thy delight
    Is to scatter ruin, far and wide,
     In thy wantonness of might:
    For not a leaf that falleth
     Before thy restless wings,
    But in thy flight, thou changest it
     To a thousand brighter things.

    Thou passest o'er the battlefield
     Where the dead lie stiff and stark,
    Where naught is heard save the vulture's scream,
     And the gaunt wolf's famished bark;
    But thou hast caused the grain to spring
     From the blood-enrichèd clay,
    And the waving corn-tops seem to dance
     To the rustic's merry lay.

    Thou hast strewed the lordly palace
     In ruins on the ground,
    And the dismal screech of the owl is heard
     Where the harp was wont to sound;
    But the selfsame spot thou coverest
     With the dwellings of the poor,
    And a thousand happy hearts enjoy
     What _ONE_ usurped before.

    'T is true thy progress layeth
     Full many a loved one low,
    And for the brave and beautiful
     Thou hast caused our tears to flow;
    But always near the couch of death
     Nor thou, nor we can stay;
    _AND THE BREATH OF THY DEPARTING WINGS,
     DRIES ALL OUR TEARS AWAY!_


        The Mocking-Bird


                                  Nor did lack
    Sweet music to the magic of the scene:
    The little crimson-breasted Nonpareil
    Was there, his tiny feet scarce bending down
    The silken tendril that he lighted on
    To pour his love notes; and in russet coat,
    Most homely, like true genius bursting forth
    In spite of adverse fortune, a full choir
    Within himself, the merry Mock Bird sate,
    Filling the air with melody; and at times,
    _IN THE RAPT FAVOR OF HIS SWEETEST SONG,
    HIS QUIVERING FORM WOULD SPRING INTO THE SKY,
    IN SPIRAL CIRCLES, AS IF HE WOULD CATCH
    NEW POWERS FROM KINDRED WARBLERS IN THE CLOUDS
    WHO WOULD BEND DOWN TO GREET HIM!_


These lines, addressed to the poet by his father, have a pathetic
interest:--


        To Harry


    Harry, my little blue-eyed boy,
     I love to have thee playing near;
    There's music in thy shouts of joy
     To a fond father's ear.

    I love to see the lines of mirth
     Mantle thy cheek and forehead fair,
    As if all pleasures of the earth
     Had met to revel there;

    For gazing on thee, do I sigh
     That those most happy years must flee,
    And thy full share of misery
     Must fall in life on thee!

    There is no lasting grief below,
     My Harry! that flows not from guilt;
    Thou canst not read my meaning now--
     In after times thou wilt.

    Thou'lt read it when the churchyard clay
     Shall lie upon thy father's breast,
    And he, though dead, will point the way
     Thou shalt be always blest.

    They'll tell thee this terrestrial ball,
     To man for his enjoyment given,
    Is but a state of sinful thrall
     To keep the soul from heaven.

    My boy! the verdure-crownèd hills,
     The vales where flowers innumerous blow,
    The music of ten thousand rills
     Will tell thee, 't is not so.

    God is no tyrant who would spread
     Unnumbered dainties to the eyes,
    Yet teach the hungering child to dread
     That touching them he dies!

    No! all can do his creatures good,
     He scatters round with hand profuse--
    The only precept understood,
     _ENJOY, BUT NOT ABUSE!_


The poet's mother was the daughter of Mr. Charles Prince, a citizen
of Charleston, whose parents had come from England just before the
Revolution. Mr. Prince had married Miss French, daughter of an officer
in the Revolution, whose family were from Switzerland. It was the
influence of his mother also that helped to form the poet's character,
and his intense and passionate love of nature. Her beautiful face and
form, her purity and goodness, her delight in all the sights and sounds
of the country, her childish rapture in wood and field, her love of
flowers and trees, and all the mystery and gladness of nature, are among
the cherished memories of all her children, and vividly described by the
poet's sister.

William Henry Timrod, father of the poet, died of disease contracted
in the Florida war, and his family thereafter were in straitened
circumstances. Nevertheless, the early education of his gifted son was
provided for. Paul H. Hayne, the poet, was one of his earliest friends
and schoolmates at Charleston's best school. They sat together, and to
his brother boy-poet he first showed his earliest verses in exulting
confidence. This friendship and confidence lasted through life, and
Hayne has tenderly embalmed it in his sketch of the poet. We have this
faithful picture of him at that time:--

"Modest and diffident, with a nervous utterance, but with melody ever in
his heart and on his lip. Though always slow of speech, he was yet, like
Burns, quick to learn. The chariot wheels might jar in the gate through
which he tried to drive his winged steeds, but the horses were of
celestial temper and the car purest gold."

His school-fellows remember him as silent and shy, full of quick
impulse, and with an eager ambition, insatiable in his thirst for books,
yet mingling freely in all sports, and rejoicing unspeakably in the
weekly holiday and its long rambles through wood and field. "The sweet
security of streets" had no charm for him. He rejoiced in Nature and her
changing scenes and seasons. She was always to him comfort, refreshment,
balm. She never turned her face from him, and through all his years he
"leaned on her breast with loving trustfulness as a little child."

But he had other teachers. He studied all classic literature. "The
Æschylean drama had no attraction for him; he reveled in the rich and
elegant strains of Virgil, and of the many toned lyre of Horace and the
silver lute of Catullus." From the full and inexhaustible fountain of
English letters he drank unceasingly. Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton,
Burns, Wordsworth, and, later, Tennyson were his immediate inspiration.

His college life at the University of Georgia was interrupted by
sickness and cramped by lack of means, and his literary plans were
foiled by necessity. Nevertheless, he left his Alma Mater with a mind
stirred to its depths, and with a large store of learning, and had
already sounded with clear note those chords which were afterwards so
vocal in melody.

Dr. J. Dickson Bruns has left this graphic description of Timrod's
personal appearance, and of some prominent traits of his social
character:--

"In stature," he says, "Timrod was far below the medium height. He
had always excelled in boyish sports, and, as he grew to manhood, his
unusual breadth of shoulder still seemed to indicate a physical vigor
which the slender wrists, thin, transparent hands, and habitually lax
attitude but too plainly contradicted.

"The square jaw was almost stern in its strongly pronounced lines, the
mouth large, the lips exquisitely sensitive, the gray eyes set deeply
under massive brows, and full of a melancholy and pleading tenderness,
which attracted attention to his face at once, as the face of one who
had thought and suffered much.

"His walk was quick and nervous, with an energy in it that betokened
decision of character, but ill sustained by the stammering speech;
for in society he was the shyest and most undemonstrative of men. To a
single friend whom he trusted, he would pour out his inmost heart; but
let two or three be gathered together, above all, introduce a stranger,
and he instantly became a quiet, unobtrusive listener, though never a
moody or uncongenial one!

"Among men of letters, he was always esteemed as a most sympathetic
companion; timid, reserved, unready, if taken by surprise, but highly
cultivated, and still more highly endowed.

"The key to his social character was to be found in the feminine
gentleness of his temperament. He shrank from noisy debate, and the
wordy clash of argument, as from a blow. It stunned and bewildered him,
and left him, in the mêlée, alike incapable of defense or attack. And
yet, when some burly protagonist would thrust himself too rudely
into the ring, and try to bear down opposition by sheer vehemence
of declamation, from the corner where he sat ensconced in unregarded
silence, _HE WOULD SUDDENLY SLING OUT SOME SHARP, SWIFT PEBBLE OF
THOUGHT_, which he had been slowly rounding, and smite with an aim so
keen and true as rarely failed to bring down the boastful Anakim!"

In Charleston, as a first effort in life, for a brief period Timrod
attempted the law, but found that jealous mistress unsuited to his life
work, though he had all the opportunity afforded him in the office of
his friend, the Hon. J. L. Petigru, the great jurist. Leaving the bar,
he thenceforward devoted himself to literature and to his art.

Charleston to Timrod was home, and he always returned with kindling
spirit to the city of his love. There were all his happiest associations
and the delight of purest friendships,--W. Gilmore Simms and Paul Hayne,
and the rest of the literary coterie that presided over "Russell's
Magazine", and Judge Bryan and Dr. Bruns (to whom Hayne dedicated his
edition of Timrod's poems), and others were of this glad fellowship,
and his social hours were bright in their intercourse and in the cordial
appreciation of his genius and the tender love they bore him. These he
never forgot, and returning after the ravage of war to his impoverished
and suffering city, he writes, in the last year of his young life, "My
eyes were blind to everything and everybody but a few old friends."

Suited by endowment and prepared by special study for a professorship,
still all his efforts for the academic chair failed, and, finally, he
was compelled to become a private teacher, an office the sacredness of
which he profoundly realized. In his leisure hours he now gave himself
up to deeper study of nature, literature, and man. It was in these few
years of quiet retreat that he wrote the poems contained in the first
edition of his works, 1859-60, which, laden with all the poet's longing
to be heard, were little heeded in the first great shock of war. Indeed,
in such a storm, what shelter could a poet find? An ardent Carolinian,
devoted to his native State with an allegiance as to his country,
he left his books and study, and threw himself into the struggle, a
volunteer in the army. In the first years of the war he was in and
near Charleston, and wrote those memorable poems and martial lyrics:
"Carolina", "A Cry to Arms", "Charleston", "Ripley", "Ethnogenesis",
and "The Cotton Boll", which deeply stirred the heart of his State, and,
indeed, of the whole South. His was the voice of his people. Under its
spell the public response was quick, and promised largest honor and
world-wide fame for the poet. The project formed by some of the most
eminent men of the State, late in 1862, was to publish an illustrated
and highly embellished edition of his works in London. The war
correspondent of the "London Illustrated News", Vizitelly, himself an
artist, promised original illustrations, and the future seemed bright
for the gratification of his heart's desire, to be known and heard
in the great literary centre of the English-speaking world. But
disappointment again was his lot. Amid the increasing stress of the
conflict, every public and private energy in the South was absorbed in
maintaining the ever weakening struggle; and with all art and literature
and learning our poet's hopes were buried in the common grave of war;
not because he was not loved and cherished, and his genius appreciated,
but because a terrible need was upon his people, and desperate issues
were draining their life-blood. Then he went to the front. Too weak for
the field (for the fatal weakness that finally sapped his life was then
upon him), he was compelled, under medical direction, to retire from
the battle ranks, and made a last desperate effort to serve the cause he
loved as a war correspondent. In this capacity he joined the great army
of the West after the battle of Shiloh. The story of his camp life
was indeed pathetic. Dr. Bruns writes of him then: "One can scarcely
conceive of a situation more hopelessly wretched than that of a mere
child in the world's ways suddenly flung down into the heart of that
strong retreat, and tossed like a straw on the crest of those refluent
waves from which he escaped as by a miracle." Home he came, baffled,
dispirited, and sore hurt, to receive the succor of generous friendship,
and for a brief time a safe congenial refuge, in 1864, in an editor's
chair of the "South Carolinian", at the capital of his native State.
Here his strong pen wrote the stirring editorials of that critical time,
and there, tempted by the passing hour of comparative calm, he married
Miss Kate Goodwin, "Katie, the fair Saxon" of his exquisite song. Here
the war that had broken all his plans, and wrecked his health and hopes,
and made literature for a time in the South a beggar's vocation, left
him with wife and child, the "darling Willie" of his verse, dependent
upon his already sapped and fast failing strength for support. Here he
saw the capital of his native State, marked for vengeance, pitilessly
destroyed by fire and sword. Here gaunt ruin stalked and want entered
his own home, made desolate as all the hearthstones of his people.
Here the peace that ensued was the peace of the desert! Here the
army, defeated and broken, came back after the long heroic struggle to
blackened chimneys, sole vestige of home, and the South, with not even
bread for her famished children, still stood in solemn silence by those
deeper furrows watered with blood. The suffering that he endured was the
common suffering of those around him,--actual physical want and lack of
the commonest comforts of life, felt most keenly by his sensitive nature
and delicate constitution. In the midst of this fierce stress, his
darling boy, the crown of his life, died. All his affections, it seemed,
were poured out at once, as water spilled upon the ground. He was dying
of consumption, and earth shadows crowded around him.

Though long in feeble health, his last illness was brief. The best
physicians lovingly gave their skillful ministration, and the State's
most eminent men, in their common need, tenderly cared for him and his.
With death before him, he clung passionately to his art, absorbed in
that alone and in the great Beyond. His latest occupation was correcting
the proof-sheets of his own poems, and he passed away with them by his
side, stained with his life-blood.

In the autumn of 1867 he was laid by his beloved child in Trinity
churchyard, Columbia, S.C. General Hampton, Governor Thompson, and other
great Carolinians bore him to the grave,--a grave that, through the
sackcloth of the Reconstruction period in South Carolina, remained
without a stone. But as he himself wrote of the host of the Southern
dead of the war,--

    "In seeds of laurel in the earth
     The blossom of your fame is blown,
    And somewhere waiting for its birth,
     The shaft is in the stone."

In later years loving friends reared a small memorial shaft to mark
his grave. It was in that dark period that Carl McKinley's genius was
touched to these fine lines.


        At Timrod's Grave.  1877.


    Harp of the South! no more, no more
     Thy silvery strings shall quiver,
    The one strong hand might win thy strains
     Is chilled and stilled forever.

    Our one sweet singer breaks no more
     The silence sad and long,
    The land is hushed from shore to shore,
     It brooks no feebler song!

    No other voice can charm our ears,
     None other soothe our pain;
    Better these echoes lingering yet,
     Than any ruder strain.

    For singing, Fate has given sighs,
     For music we make moan;
    Oh, who may touch the harp-strings since
     That whisper--"_HE IS GONE!_"

    See where he lies--his last sad home
     Of all memorial bare,
    Save for a little heap of leaves
     The winds have gathered there!

    One fair frail shell from some far sea
     Lies lone above his breast,
    Sad emblem and sole epitaph
     To mark his place of rest.

    The sweet winds murmur in its heart
     A music soft and low,
    As they would bring their secrets still
     To him who sleeps below.

    And lo! one tender, tearful bloom
     Wins upward through the grass,
    As some sweet thought he left unsung
     Were blossoming at last.

    Wild weeds grow rank about the place,
     A dark, cold spot, and drear;
    The dull neglect that marked his life
     Has followed even here.

    Around shine many a marble shaft
     And polished pillars fair,
    And strangers stand on Timrod's grave
     To praise them, unaware!

    "Hold up the glories of thy dead!"
     To thine own self be true,
    Land that he loved!  Come, honor now
     This grave that honors you!


The one characteristic above all others that marked the poet's life was
his unfaltering trust,--the soul's unclouded sky, a quenchless radiance
of blessed sunlight amid the deep darkness that encompassed him.

As in his poetry there is no false note, no doubtful sentiment, no
selfish grief, even when he sings with breast against the thorn, so in
his life do we find no word of bitterness or moaning or complaining.
Even amid the terrible blight of war and its final utter ruin,
prophet-like, he speaks in faith and hope and courage. His own
heart breaking, and life ebbing, he writes of Spring as the true
Reconstructionist, and pleads her message to his stricken people. It is
so true and prophetic that we quote the words written in April, 1866.

"For Spring is a true Reconstructionist,--a reconstructionist in the
best and most practical sense. There is not a nook in the land in which
she is not at this moment exerting her influence in preparing a way for
the restoration of the South. No politician may oppose her; her power
defies embarrassment; but she is not altogether independent of help. She
brings us balmy airs and gentle dews, golden suns and silver rains; and
she says to us, 'These are the materials of the only work in which you
need be at present concerned; avail yourselves of them to reclothe your
naked country and feed your impoverished people, and you will find that,
in the discharge of that task, you have taken the course which will
most certainly and most peacefully conduct you to the position which you
desire. Turn not aside to bandy epithets with your enemies; stuff your
ears, like the princess in the Arabian Nights, against words of insult
and wrong; pause not to muse over your condition, or to question your
prospects; but toil on bravely, silently, surely....'

"Such are the words of wise and kindly counsel, which, if we attend
rightly, we may all hear in the winds and read in the skies of Spring.
Nowhere, however, does she speak with so eloquent a voice or so pathetic
an effect as in this ruined town. She covers our devastated courts with
images of renovation in the shape of flowers; she hangs once more in our
blasted gardens the fragrant lamps of the jessamine; in our streets
she kindles the maple like a beacon; and from amidst the charred and
blackened ruins of once happy homes she pours, through the mouth of her
favorite musician, the mocking-bird, a song of hope and joy. What is the
lesson which she designs by these means to convey? It may be summed in a
single sentence,--forgetfulness of the past, effort in the present, and
trust for the future."

Such was the lofty creed and last hopeful, but dying message to his
brothers of the South, whose war songs he had written, and the requiem
of whose martyred hosts he had chanted.

Such was the tragedy that ended in October, 1867, with the hero at the
age of thirty-seven; glory, genius, anguish, tears, but unconquerable
faith and heroic fortitude. His larger life scarce begun, his full power
felt, but only half expressed, he realized deeply--

    "The petty done, the vast undone!"

He yearned with passionate longing and hope and conscious might to
fulfill an even greater mission; but in the infinite providence of God
the full fruitage of this exquisite soul was for another sphere. He was
indeed "one of those who stirred us, a friend of man and a lover. In no
country of this earth could he long have been an alien, and that may now
be said of his spirit. In no part of this universe could it feel lonely
or unbefriended; it was in harmony with all that flowers or gives
perfume in life."

The story of his last days, as given by his poet-friend, Paul Hayne,
at the latter's cottage among the pines, is of tender and peculiar
interest, and we quote it here, as it was written in 1873:--


... In the latter summer-tide of this same year (1867), I again
persuaded him to visit me. Ah! how sacred now, how sad and sweet, are
the memories of that rich, clear, prodigal August of '67!

We would rest on the hillsides, in the swaying golden shadows, watching
together the Titanic masses of snow-white clouds which floated slowly
and vaguely through the sky, suggesting by their form, whiteness, and
serene motion, despite the season, flotillas of icebergs upon Arctic
seas. Like Lazzaroni we basked in the quiet noons, sunk into the depths
of reverie, or perhaps of yet more "charmed sleep". Or we smoked,
conversing lazily between the puffs,

    "Next to some pine whose antique roots just peeped
    From out the crumbling bases of the sand."

But the evenings, with their gorgeous sunsets "rolling down like a
chorus" and the "gray-eyed melancholy gloaming", were the favorite
hours of the day with him. He would often apostrophize twilight in the
language of Wordsworth's sonnet:--

       "Hail, twilight! sovereign of one peaceful hour!
    Not dull art thou as undiscerning night;
    But only studious to remove from sight
       Day's mutable distinctions."

"Yes," said he, "she is indeed sovereign of _ONE PEACEFUL HOUR!_ In the
hardest, busiest time one feels the calm, merciful-minded queen stealing
upon one in the fading light, and 'whispering', as Ford has it (or is it
Fletcher?),--'_WHISPERING_ tranquillity'."

When in-doors and disposed to read, he took much pleasure in perusing
the poems of Robert Buchanan and Miss Ingelow. The latter's "Ballads"
particularly delighted him. One, written "in the old English manner",
he quickly learned by heart, repeating it with a relish and fervor
indescribable.

Here is the opening stanza:--

    "Come out and hear the waters shoot, the owlet hoot, the owlet hoot;
    Yon crescent moon, a golden boat, hangs dim behind the tree, O!
    The dropping thorn makes white the grass, O! sweetest lass,
      and sweetest lass
    Come out and smell the ricks of hay adown the croft with me, O!"

With but a slight effort of memory I can vividly recall his voice and
manner in repeating these simple yet beautiful lines.

They were the last verses I ever heard from the poet's lips.

Just as the woods were assuming their first delicate autumnal tints,
Timrod took his leave of us. In a conversation on the night but one
previous to his departure, we had been speaking of Dr. Parr and other
literary persons of unusual age, when he observed: "I haven't the
slightest desire, P----, to be an octogenarian, far less a centenarian,
like old Parr; but I hope that I may be spared until I am _FIFTY_ or
fifty-five."

"About Shakespeare's age," I suggested.

"Oh!" he replied, smiling, "I was not thinking of _THAT_; but I'm sure
that after fifty-five I would begin to wither, mind and body, and one
hates the idea of a mummy, intellectual or physical. Do you remember
that picture of extreme old age which Charles Reade gives us in 'Never
Too Late to Mend'? George Fielding, the hero, is about going away from
England to try his luck in Australia. All his friends and relations are
around him, expressing their sorrow at his enforced voyage; all but
his grandfather, aged ninety-two, who sits stolid and mumbling in his
armchair.

"'Grandfather!' shouts George into the deafened ears, 'I'm going a long
journey; mayhap shall never see you again; speak a word to me before I
go!' Grandfather looks up, brightens for a moment, and cackles feebly
out: 'George, fetch me some _SNUFF_ from where you're going. See now'
(half whimpering), 'I'm out of snuff.' A good point in the way of
illustration, but not a pleasant picture."

On the 13th of September, ten days after Timrod's return to Columbia, he
wrote me the following note:--

"Dear P----: I have been too sick to write before, and am still too sick
to drop you more than a few lines. You will be surprised and pained to
hear that I have had a severe hemorrhage of the lungs.

"I did not come home an instant too soon. I found them without money or
provisions. Fortunately I brought with me a small sum. I won't tell you
how small, but six dollars of it was from the editor of the 'Opinion'
for my last poem.

"I left your climate to my injury. But not only for the sake of my
health, I begin already to look back with longing regret to 'Copse
Hill'. You have all made me feel as if I had TWO beloved homes!

"I wish that I could divide myself between them; or that I had wings, so
that I might flit from one to other in a moment.

"I hope soon to write you at length. Yours," etc.

Again on the 16th I heard from him, thus:--

"Yesterday I had a still more copious hemorrhage!...

"I am lying supine in bed, forbidden to speak or make any exertion
whatever. But I can't resist the temptation of dropping you a line, in
the hope of calling forth a score or two from you in return.

"An awkward time this for me to be sick! We are destitute of funds,
almost of food. But God will provide!

"I send you a Sonnet, written the other day, as an Obituary for Mr.
Harris Simons. Tell me what you think of it--be sure! Love to your
mother, wife, and my precious Willie [since the death of his own child
he had turned with a yearning affection to my boy]. Let me hear from you
soon--VERY soon! You'll do me more good than medicines!" etc.

On the 25th of the month confidence in Timrod's recovery was confirmed
by a letter from Mrs. Goodwin:--

"Our brother," she writes, "is decidedly better; and if there be no
recurrence of the hemorrhage will, I hope, be soon convalescent!"

A week and upwards passed on in silence. I received no more
communications from Columbia. But early in October a vaguely threatening
report reached my ears. On the 9th it was mournfully confirmed.
Forty-eight hours before, Henry Timrod had expired!

On the 7th of October, the mortal remains of the poet, so worn and
shattered, were buried in the cemetery of Trinity Church, Columbia.

There, in the ruined capital of his native State, whence scholarship,
culture, and social purity have been banished to give place to the
orgies of semi-barbarians and the political trickery of adventurers and
traitors; there, tranquil amid the vulgar turmoil of factions, reposes
the dust of one of the truest and sweetest singers this country has
given to the world.

Nature, kinder to his senseless ashes than ever Fortune had been to the
living man, is prodigal around his grave--unmarked and unrecorded though
it be--of her flowers and verdant grasses, of her rains that fertilize,
and her purifying dews. The peace he loved, and so vainly longed for
through stormy years, has crept to him at last, but only to fall upon
the pallid eyelids, closed forever; upon the pulseless limbs, and the
breathless, broken heart. Still it is good to know that

    "After life's fitful fever, he sleeps well."

Yet, from this mere material repose, this quiet of decaying atoms,
surely the most skeptical of thinkers, in contemplation of SUCH a life
and SUCH a death, must instinctively look from earth to heaven; from
the bruised and mouldering clod to the spirit infinitely exalted, and
radiant in redemption.

    "A calm, a beautiful, a sacred star."

The poetic creed of Timrod, expressed in his "Vision of Poesy", set
the impress upon all his work. Conscious of his power, he reverently
believed in the mission of the poet as prophet and teacher,--

    "The mission of Genius on Earth!  To uplift,
    Purify, and confirm, by its own gracious gift,
    The world,"--

and he has consecrated his gift to its noblest uses in the discharge of
that "high and holy debt".

As lover of man and nature, his sympathy was universal; no theme was too
humble for his pen. "The same law that moulds a planet forms a drop of
dew." "Humility is power!" "We may trace the mighty sun above even by
the shadow of a slender flower." Yet he dealt not with the fleeting;
that was only the passing form of the abiding. Passionately fond as he
was of Nature, and nourished and refreshed by her always, he never wrote
a line of mere descriptive poetry. Nature is only the symbol, the image,
to interpret his spiritual meaning. He felt with Milton, in his noble
words, that the abiding work is not raised in the heat of youth or
the vapors of wine, or by "invocation to dame Memory and her siren
daughters, but by devout prayer to that Eternal Spirit who can enrich
with all utterance and knowledge, and send out his seraphim with the
hallowed fire of his altars to touch and purify the lips of whom He
pleases."

Under that inspiration and revelation the poet is a divine interpreter
of (in his own words)--

    "All lovely things, and gentle--the sweet laugh
     Of children, Girlhood's kiss, and Friendship's clasp,
    The boy that sporteth with the old man's staff,
     The baby, and the breast its fingers grasp--
    All that exalts the grounds of happiness,
    All griefs that hallow, and all joys that bless,

    "To me are sacred; at my holy shrine
     Love breathes its latest dreams, its earliest hints;
    I turn life's tasteless waters into wine,
     And flush them through and through with purple tints.
    Wherever Earth is fair, and Heaven looks down,
    I rear my altars, and I wear my crown."

It was this mission of Poetry that filled his mind and heart and life
with abiding light, which made him cling passionately to life, not
because of any physical fear of death, but because in that mission Art
and Nature were so inexpressibly rich and sweet to him to reveal his
message to man. In the benediction of his dying words, "Love is sweeter
than rest!"

The moral purity of these poems is their distinctive quality, as it
was of the man. With a universal sympathy for all life, still he moved
always on the highest planes of thought and feeling and purpose. He
seemed always to be impressed in his art with the truth of his own
lines,--

    "There is no unimpressive spot on earth,
    The beauty of the stars is over all."

His earnestness and deep poetic insight clothed all themes with the
beauty and light that is in and over all.

Timrod's melancholy, the finest test of high poetic quality, when
purified and spiritualized, has no Byronic bitterness, no selfish
morbidness, no impenetrable gloom, but in his own exquisite lines it
is,--

    "A shadowy land, where joy and sorrow kiss,
     Each still to each corrective and relief,
    Where dim delights are brightened into bliss,
     And nothing wholly perishes but Grief.

    "Ah, me!--not dies--no more than spirit dies;
     But in a change like death is clothed with wings;
    A serious angel, with entrancèd eyes,
     Looking to far off and celestial things."

Again, in all these poems there is a nameless spell of a simplicity,
fervid yet tender, and an imagination, strong yet delicate, both in its
perception and expression.

His style, "like noble music unto noble words," is elaborate, yet
perfectly natural. There is no trace of labor; grace guides and power
impels. So perfect is it at times in its natural power that the mind
is almost unconscious of the word-symbol in grasping immediately the
thought revealed.

There is in the verse a ceaseless melody and perfect finish. At times
there is "the easy elegance of Catullus", always his delight, and a
metrical translation of whose poems he had completed.

Rare endowment with broad culture is evinced in the high intellectual
level always maintained; and the evenness of quality that is always of
the mountain top. He always knows his power, and its range. His song is
always clear and true.

Moreover, with a universality of poetic feeling, he has struck every
chord, and always with a keen sensibility and delicacy of natural
instinct. Among the finest poems, how wide is this range and varied this
power!

"The Vision of Poesy", his longest work, written in youth, essaying the
mission and the philosophy of the poetic art, has some lofty passages,
and all the promise of his later power, felicity, and melody.

"A Year's Courtship" is in its glow, and grace, and music the perfection
of classic art.

The dainty voluptuousness in a "Serenade" kindles with the luxuriousness
of the South.

His "Præceptor Amat" is warm with the breath of rapturous feeling, and
rich with the fragrance of flowers.

"Ethnogenesis", "the birth of the nation", is regarded by some his
greatest poem. It is prophecy linked with the hope and aspiration of the
newborn nation of the South. A permanent image of the Southern nature
and character is thus richly portrayed:--

                             "But the type
    Whereby we shall be known in every land
    Is that vast gulf which lips our Southern strand,
    And through the cold, untempered ocean pours
    Its genial streams, that far off Arctic shores
    May sometimes catch upon the softened breeze
    Strange tropic warmth and hints of summer seas."

"The Cotton Boll", in "the snow of Southern summers", is a forerunner
of Lanier's "Corn". It reveals the mystic spell and kingly power of
that far-stretching tropic snow, and contains that glowing painting of
Carolina from sea to mountain, which closes

    "No fairer land hath fired a poet's lays,
    Or given a home to man!"

"Too Long, O Spirit of Storm", is the fused passion of the poet's heart
appalled at the moral death of stagnation. It has all the intensity and
subtlety of Shelley.

In "The Lily Confidante", delicate and fanciful as it is, the reply
of the Lily "is a simple yet sacred melody", hallowing the purity of
passion.

"The Arctic Voyager" suggests Tennyson's "Ulysses" in its high faith,
lofty purpose, and sustained power.

"Spring" is the burst of the Southern spring, in its flooding life and
glory and beauty. There is "a nameless pathos in the air." A wonderful
revelation is going on before our eyes! No miracle could startle in the
ever new creation, so strange and rapturous is this joy of sense and
spiritual rebirth.

Nor was his genius only reflective, and creative, and playful; his was a
trumpet voice also. When the blast of war sounded, his voice rang like
a clarion in "Carolina" and "Cry to Arms". Beyond their local meaning,
which kindles and thrills, now as then, the men of the South, they have
an abiding, universal power from the standpoint of art; for there is
nothing finer in all the martial strains of the lyric.

Paul Hayne, his brother poet, speaking of "Carolina", as "lines destined
perhaps to outlive the political vitality of the State, whose antique
fame they celebrate," said:--

"I read them first, and was thrilled by their power and pathos, upon
a stormy March evening in Fort Sumter! Walking along the battlements,
under the red light of a tempestuous sunset, the wind steadily and
loudly blowing from off the bar across the tossing and moaning waste of
waters, driven inland; with scores of gulls and white sea-birds flying
and shrieking round me,--those wild voices of Nature mingled strangely
with the rhythmic roll and beat of the poet's impassioned music. The
very spirit, or dark genius, of the troubled scene appeared to take up
and to repeat such verses as--

    "'I hear a murmur as of waves
    That grope their way through sunless caves,
    Like bodies struggling in their graves,
                             Carolina!
    And now it deepens; slow and grand
    It swells, as rolling to the land,
    An ocean broke upon the strand,
                             Carolina!
    Shout! let it reach the startled Huns!
    And roar with all thy festal guns!
    It is the answer of thy sons,
                             Carolina!'"

Profoundly appealing as are Timrod's war strains, for they are the
heart-cry of a people, still it should be noted that there is scarcely a
battle ode that does not close with an invocation to peace, such was the
lofty nature of the poet. War to him was only the drawn sword of right,
and truth, and justice, which accomplished, the prayer for peace was
ever on his lips, as witness the noble invocation to Peace, closing his
"Christmas", that has so often stirred and hushed at once the heart of
the South.

The Ode, written for Memorial Day, April, 1867, of the Confederate
graves at Charleston, was his last production. He had sung in lofty
strains each phase of the struggle, its hope, its courage, its fear,
its despair; he now sings his latest song, a wreath of flowers upon
the unmarked graves of the Southern dead, and has hallowed these sacred
mounds to his people in the words,--

     "There is no holier spot of ground
    Than where defeated valor lies,
     By mourning beauty crowned!"

These poems are written in the life-blood of the poet and his
generation. The patriotic fire, the devoted sacrifice and splendid
achievement, that "Carolina", "Cry to Arms", "Unknown Dead", "Carmen
Triumphale", "Charleston", "Storm and Calm", and the other of the war
poems celebrate were not only the rushing tide of earnest feeling of a
noble people then, but are now a part of the glory and heritage of the
State, of the South, and of the American republic. They were the mighty
heart-beats of that great epoch. They are now irrevocable history, and
make these poems a part of the abiding literature of America.

"A Common Thought" is the poet's premonition of his end; but he sees
no vision of the dying glory of sunset, no going out into the dark, no
presentiment of a vague and gloomy voyage on a homeless sea; but in the
sunshine, in the growing light of ever broadening day, amid the joy and
splendor of nature, bright prophecy and intuition of immortality, is to
come the sudden, solemn mystery of the whisper, "He is gone!" And so
it was. For as the sun broadened into glad day, and the full radiance
illumined and animated earth and sea and sky, "as it purpled in the
zenith, as it brightened on the lawn," this rich young life, in its own
fresh morning of genius and spiritual sunshine, passed, and in his own
triumphant words,--

         "not dies, no more than Spirit dies;
    But in a change like death was clothed with wings."



The Late Judge George S. Bryan



It would not be fitting that this memorial edition of Timrod's Poems
should go forth to the world without proper recognition, on the part
of the TIMROD MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION, of the relation occupied and the
services rendered to the poet in his lifetime by the late Hon. George
S. Bryan, of Charleston. During the whole of Timrod's career Judge Bryan
was his devoted friend, ever ready to assist him materially, morally,
and in every other respect.

His faith in Timrod's genius never wavered, and but for his early
assistance, sympathy, and encouragement, much of the fruit of that
genius would have been lost or wasted. He helped him in adversity,
cheered him in his hours of anxiety and despondency, and from first to
last, throughout the literary and spiritual history of the poet, he
did more than any other friend to keep alive in his heart the steadfast
flame of faith in his poetic destiny; Judge Bryan's name must always
be inseparably connected with Henry Timrod's in the literary annals of
South Carolina.

  January, 1899.



POEMS OF HENRY TIMROD



     Spring



     Spring, with that nameless pathos in the air
     Which dwells with all things fair,
     Spring, with her golden suns and silver rain,
     Is with us once again.

     Out in the lonely woods the jasmine burns
     Its fragrant lamps, and turns
     Into a royal court with green festoons
     The banks of dark lagoons.

     In the deep heart of every forest tree
     The blood is all aglee,
     And there's a look about the leafless bowers
     As if they dreamed of flowers.

     Yet still on every side we trace the hand
     Of Winter in the land,
     Save where the maple reddens on the lawn,
     Flushed by the season's dawn;

     Or where, like those strange semblances we find
     That age to childhood bind,
     The elm puts on, as if in Nature's scorn,
     The brown of Autumn corn.

     As yet the turf is dark, although you know
     That, not a span below,
     A thousand germs are groping through the gloom,
     And soon will burst their tomb.

     Already, here and there, on frailest stems
     Appear some azure gems,
     Small as might deck, upon a gala day,
     The forehead of a fay.

     In gardens you may note amid the dearth
     The crocus breaking earth;
     And near the snowdrop's tender white and green,
     The violet in its screen.

     But many gleams and shadows need must pass
     Along the budding grass,
     And weeks go by, before the enamored South
     Shall kiss the rose's mouth.

     Still there's a sense of blossoms yet unborn
     In the sweet airs of morn;
     One almost looks to see the very street
     Grow purple at his feet.

     At times a fragrant breeze comes floating by,
     And brings, you know not why,
     A feeling as when eager crowds await
     Before a palace gate

     Some wondrous pageant; and you scarce would start,
     If from a beech's heart,
     A blue-eyed Dryad, stepping forth, should say,
     "Behold me!  I am May!"

     Ah! who would couple thoughts of war and crime
     With such a blessëd time!
     Who in the west wind's aromatic breath
     Could hear the call of Death!

     Yet not more surely shall the Spring awake
     The voice of wood and brake,
     Than she shall rouse, for all her tranquil charms,
     A million men to arms.

     There shall be deeper hues upon her plains
     Than all her sunlit rains,
     And every gladdening influence around,
     Can summon from the ground.

     Oh! standing on this desecrated mould,
     Methinks that I behold,
     Lifting her bloody daisies up to God,
     Spring kneeling on the sod,

     And calling, with the voice of all her rills,
     Upon the ancient hills
     To fall and crush the tyrants and the slaves
     Who turn her meads to graves.



     The Cotton Boll



     While I recline
     At ease beneath
     This immemorial pine,
     Small sphere!
     (By dusky fingers brought this morning here
     And shown with boastful smiles),
     I turn thy cloven sheath,
     Through which the soft white fibres peer,
     That, with their gossamer bands,
     Unite, like love, the sea-divided lands,
     And slowly, thread by thread,
     Draw forth the folded strands,
     Than which the trembling line,
     By whose frail help yon startled spider fled
     Down the tall spear-grass from his swinging bed,
     Is scarce more fine;
     And as the tangled skein
     Unravels in my hands,
     Betwixt me and the noonday light,
     A veil seems lifted, and for miles and miles
     The landscape broadens on my sight,
     As, in the little boll, there lurked a spell
     Like that which, in the ocean shell,
     With mystic sound,
     Breaks down the narrow walls that hem us round,
     And turns some city lane
     Into the restless main,
     With all his capes and isles!

     Yonder bird,
     Which floats, as if at rest,
     In those blue tracts above the thunder, where
     No vapors cloud the stainless air,
     And never sound is heard,
     Unless at such rare time
     When, from the City of the Blest,
     Rings down some golden chime,
     Sees not from his high place
     So vast a cirque of summer space
     As widens round me in one mighty field,
     Which, rimmed by seas and sands,
     Doth hail its earliest daylight in the beams
     Of gray Atlantic dawns;
     And, broad as realms made up of many lands,
     Is lost afar
     Behind the crimson hills and purple lawns
     Of sunset, among plains which roll their streams
     Against the Evening Star!
     And lo!
     To the remotest point of sight,
     Although I gaze upon no waste of snow,
     The endless field is white;
     And the whole landscape glows,
     For many a shining league away,
     With such accumulated light
     As Polar lands would flash beneath a tropic day!
     Nor lack there (for the vision grows,
     And the small charm within my hands--
     More potent even than the fabled one,
     Which oped whatever golden mystery
     Lay hid in fairy wood or magic vale,
     The curious ointment of the Arabian tale--
     Beyond all mortal sense
     Doth stretch my sight's horizon, and I see,
     Beneath its simple influence,
     As if with Uriel's crown,
     I stood in some great temple of the Sun,
     And looked, as Uriel, down!)
     Nor lack there pastures rich and fields all green
     With all the common gifts of God,
     For temperate airs and torrid sheen
     Weave Edens of the sod;
     Through lands which look one sea of billowy gold
     Broad rivers wind their devious ways;
     A hundred isles in their embraces fold
     A hundred luminous bays;
     And through yon purple haze
     Vast mountains lift their plumed peaks cloud-crowned;
     And, save where up their sides the ploughman creeps,
     An unhewn forest girds them grandly round,
     In whose dark shades a future navy sleeps!
     Ye Stars, which, though unseen, yet with me gaze
     Upon this loveliest fragment of the earth!
     Thou Sun, that kindlest all thy gentlest rays
     Above it, as to light a favorite hearth!
     Ye Clouds, that in your temples in the West
     See nothing brighter than its humblest flowers!
     And you, ye Winds, that on the ocean's breast
     Are kissed to coolness ere ye reach its bowers!
     Bear witness with me in my song of praise,
     And tell the world that, since the world began,
     No fairer land hath fired a poet's lays,
     Or given a home to man!

     But these are charms already widely blown!
     His be the meed whose pencil's trace
     Hath touched our very swamps with grace,
     And round whose tuneful way
     All Southern laurels bloom;
     The Poet of "The Woodlands", unto whom
     Alike are known
     The flute's low breathing and the trumpet's tone,
     And the soft west wind's sighs;
     But who shall utter all the debt,
     O Land wherein all powers are met
     That bind a people's heart,
     The world doth owe thee at this day,
     And which it never can repay,
     Yet scarcely deigns to own!
     Where sleeps the poet who shall fitly sing
     The source wherefrom doth spring
     That mighty commerce which, confined
     To the mean channels of no selfish mart,
     Goes out to every shore
     Of this broad earth, and throngs the sea with ships
     That bear no thunders; hushes hungry lips
     In alien lands;
     Joins with a delicate web remotest strands;
     And gladdening rich and poor,
     Doth gild Parisian domes,
     Or feed the cottage-smoke of English homes,
     And only bounds its blessings by mankind!
     In offices like these, thy mission lies,
     My Country! and it shall not end
     As long as rain shall fall and Heaven bend
     In blue above thee; though thy foes be hard
     And cruel as their weapons, it shall guard
     Thy hearth-stones as a bulwark; make thee great
     In white and bloodless state;
     And haply, as the years increase--
     Still working through its humbler reach
     With that large wisdom which the ages teach--
     Revive the half-dead dream of universal peace!
     As men who labor in that mine
     Of Cornwall, hollowed out beneath the bed
     Of ocean, when a storm rolls overhead,
     Hear the dull booming of the world of brine
     Above them, and a mighty muffled roar
     Of winds and waters, yet toil calmly on,
     And split the rock, and pile the massive ore,
     Or carve a niche, or shape the archëd roof;
     So I, as calmly, weave my woof
     Of song, chanting the days to come,
     Unsilenced, though the quiet summer air
     Stirs with the bruit of battles, and each dawn
     Wakes from its starry silence to the hum
     Of many gathering armies.  Still,
     In that we sometimes hear,
     Upon the Northern winds, the voice of woe
     Not wholly drowned in triumph, though I know
     The end must crown us, and a few brief years
     Dry all our tears,
     I may not sing too gladly.  To Thy will
     Resigned, O Lord! we cannot all forget
     That there is much even Victory must regret.
     And, therefore, not too long
     From the great burthen of our country's wrong
     Delay our just release!
     And, if it may be, save
     These sacred fields of peace
     From stain of patriot or of hostile blood!
     Oh, help us, Lord! to roll the crimson flood
     Back on its course, and, while our banners wing
     Northward, strike with us! till the Goth shall cling
     To his own blasted altar-stones, and crave
     Mercy; and we shall grant it, and dictate
     The lenient future of his fate
     There, where some rotting ships and crumbling quays
     Shall one day mark the Port which ruled the Western seas.



     Præceptor Amat



     It is time (it was time long ago) I should sever
     This chain--why I wear it I know not--forever!
     Yet I cling to the bond, e'en while sick of the mask
     I must wear, as of one whom his commonplace task
     And proof-armor of dullness have steeled to her charms!
     Ah! how lovely she looked as she flung from her arms,
     In heaps to this table (now starred with the stains
     Of her booty yet wet with those yesterday rains),
     These roses and lilies, and--what? let me see!
     Then was off in a moment, but turned with a glee,
     That lit her sweet face as with moonlight, to say,
     As 't was almost too late for a lesson to-day,
     She meant to usurp, for this morning at least,
     My office of Tutor; and instead of a feast
     Of such mouthfuls as 'poluphloisboio thalasses',
     With which I fed her, I should study the grasses
     (Love-grasses she called them), the buds, and the flowers
     Of which I know nothing; and if "with MY powers",
     I did not learn all she could teach in that time,
     And thank her, perhaps, in a sweet English rhyme,
     If I did not do this, and she flung back her hair,
     And shook her bright head with a menacing air,
     She'd be--oh! she'd be--a real Saracen Omar
     To a certain much-valued edition of Homer!
     But these flowers! I believe I could number as soon
     The shadowy thoughts of a last summer's noon,
     Or recall with their phases, each one after one,
     The clouds that came down to the death of the Sun,
     Cirrus, Stratus, or Nimbus, some evening last year,
     As unravel the web of one genus!  Why, there,
     As they lie by my desk in that glistering heap,
     All tangled together like dreams in the sleep
     Of a bliss-fevered heart, I might turn them and turn
     Till night, in a puzzle of pleasure, and learn
     Not a fact, not a secret I prize half so much,
     As, how rough is this leaf when I think of her touch.
     There's one now blown yonder! what can be its name?
     A topaz wine-colored, the wine in a flame;
     And another that's hued like the pulp of a melon,
     But sprinkled all o'er as with seed-pearls of Ceylon;
     And a third! its white petals just clouded with pink!
     And a fourth, that blue star! and then this, too! I think
     If one brought me this moment an amethyst cup,
     From which, through a liquor of amber, looked up,
     With a glow as of eyes in their elfin-like lustre,
     Stones culled from all lands in a sunshiny cluster,
     From the ruby that burns in the sands of Mysore
     To the beryl of Daunia, with gems from the core
     Of the mountains of Persia (I talk like a boy
     In the flush of some new, and yet half-tasted joy);
     But I think if that cup and its jewels together
     Were placed by the side of this child of the weather
     (This one which she touched with her mouth, and let slip
     From her fingers by chance, as her exquisite lip,
     With a music befitting the language divine,
     Gave the roll of the Greek's multitudinous line),
     I should take--not the gems--but enough! let me shut
     In the blossom that woke it, my folly, and put
     Both away in my bosom--there, in a heart-niche,
     One shall outlive the other--is 't hard to tell which?
     In the name of all starry and beautiful things,
     What is it? the cross in the centre, these rings,
     And the petals that shoot in an intricate maze,
     From the disk which is lilac--or purple? like rays
     In a blue Aureole!

                         And so now will she wot,
     When I sit by her side with my brows in a knot,
     And praise her so calmly, or chide her perhaps,
     If her voice falter once in its musical lapse,
     As I've done, I confess, just to gaze at a flush
     In the white of her throat, or to watch the quick rush
     Of the tear she sheds smiling, as, drooping her curls
     O'er that book I keep shrined like a casket of pearls,
     She reads on in low tones of such tremulous sweetness,
     That (in spite of some faults) I am forced, in discreetness,
     To silence, lest mine, growing hoarse, should betray
     What I must not reveal--will she guess now, I say,
     How, for all his grave looks, the stern, passionless Tutor,
     With more than the love of her youthfulest suitor,
     Is hiding somewhere in the shroud of his vest,
     By a heart that is beating wild wings in its nest,
     This flower, thrown aside in the sport of a minute,
     And which he holds dear as though folded within it
     Lay the germ of the bliss that he dreams of!  Ah, me!
     It is hard to love thus, yet to seem and to be
     A thing for indifference, faint praise, or cold blame,
     When you long (by the right of deep passion, the claim,
     On the loved of the loving, at least to be heard)
     To take the white hand, and with glance, touch, and word,
     Burn your way to the heart!  That her step on the stair?
     Be still thou fond flutterer!

                                    How little I care
     For your favorites, see! they are all of them, look!
     On the spot where they fell, and--but here is your book!



The Problem



  Not to win thy favor, maiden, not to steal away thy heart,
  Have I ever sought thy presence, ever stooped to any art;
  Thou wast but a wildering problem, which I aimed to solve, and then
  Make it matter for my note-book, or a picture for my pen.
  So, I daily conned thee over, thinking it no dangerous task,
  Peeping underneath thy lashes, peering underneath thy mask--
  For thou wear'st one--no denial! there is much within thine eyes;
  But those stars have other secrets than are patent in their skies.
  And I read thee, read thee closely, every grace and every sin,
  Looked behind the outward seeming to the strange wild world within,
  Where thy future self is forming, where I saw--no matter what!
  There was something less than angel, there was many an earthly spot;
  Yet so beautiful thy errors that I had no heart for blame,
  And thy virtues made thee dearer than my dearest hopes of fame;
  All so blended, that in wishing one peculiar trait removed,
  We indeed might make thee better, but less lovely and less loved.
  All my mind was in the study--so two thrilling fortnights passed--
  All my mind was in the study--till my heart was touched at last.
  Well! and then the book was finished, the absorbing task was done,
  I awoke as one who had been dreaming in a noon-day sun;
  With a fever on my forehead, and a throbbing in my brain,
  In my soul delirious wishes, in my heart a lasting pain;
  Yet so hopeless, yet so cureless--as in every great despair--
  I was very calm and silent, and I never stooped to prayer,
  Like a sick man unattended, reckless of the coming death,
  Only for he knows it certain, and he feels no sister's breath.
  All the while as by an Até, with no pity in her face,
  Yet with eyes of witching beauty, and with form of matchless grace,
  I was haunted by thy presence, oh! for weary nights and days,
  I was haunted by thy spirit, I was troubled by thy gaze,
  And the question which to answer I had taxed a subtle brain,
  What thou art, and what thou wilt be, came again and yet again;
  With its opposite deductions, it recurred a thousand times,
  Like a coward's apprehensions, like a madman's favorite rhymes.
  But to-night my thoughts flow calmer--in thy room I think I stand,
  See a fair white page before thee, and a pen within thy hand;
  And thy fingers sweep the paper, and a light is in thine eyes,
  Whilst I read thy secret fancies, whilst I hear thy secret sighs.
  What they are I will not whisper, those are lovely, these are deep,
  But one name is left unwritten, that is only breathed in sleep.
  Is it wonder that my passion bursts at once from out its nest?
  I have bent my knee before thee, and my love is all confessed;
  Though I knew that name unwritten was another name than mine,
  Though I felt those sighs half murmured what I could but half divine.
  Aye! I hear thy haughty answer!  Aye! I see thy proud lip curl!
  "What presumption, and what folly!" why, I only love a girl
  With some very winning graces, with some very noble traits,
  But no better than a thousand who have bent to humbler fates.
  That I ask not; I have, maiden, just as haught a soul as thine;
  If thou think'st thy place above me, thou shalt never stoop to mine.
  Yet as long as blood runs redly, yet as long as mental worth
  Is a nobler gift than fortune, is a holier thing than birth,
  I will claim the right to utter, to the high and to the low,
  That I love them, or I hate them, that I am a friend or foe.
  Nor shall any slight unman me; I have yet some little strength,
  Yet my song shall sound as sweetly, yet a power be mine at length!
  Then, oh, then! but moans are idle--hear me, pitying saints above!
  With a chaplet on my forehead, I will justify my love.
  And perhaps when thou art leaning on some less devoted breast,
  Thou shalt murmur, "He was worthier than my blinded spirit guessed."



A Year's Courtship



     I saw her, Harry, first, in March--
      You know the street that leadeth down
     By the old bridge's crumbling arch?--
      Just where it leaves the dusty town

     A lonely house stands grim and dark--
      You've seen it? then I need not say
     How quaint the place is--did you mark
      An ivied window?  Well! one day,

     I, chasing some forgotten dream,
      And in a poet's idlest mood,
     Caught, as I passed, a white hand's gleam--
      A shutter opened--there she stood

     Training the ivy to its prop.
      Two dark eyes and a brow of snow
     Flashed down upon me--did I stop?--
      She says I did--I do not know.

     But all that day did something glow
      Just where the heart beats; frail and slight,
     A germ had slipped its shell, and now
      Was pushing softly for the light.

     And April saw me at her feet,
      Dear month of sunshine and of rain!
     My very fears were sometimes sweet,
      And hope was often touched with pain.

     For she was frank, and she was coy,
      A willful April in her ways;
     And in a dream of doubtful joy
      I passed some truly April days.

     May came, and on that arch, sweet mouth,
      The smile was graver in its play,
     And, softening with the softening South,
      My April melted into May.

     She loved me, yet my heart would doubt,
      And ere I spoke the month was June--
     One warm still night we wandered out
      To watch a slowly setting moon.

     Something which I saw not--my eyes
      Were not on heaven--a star, perchance,
     Or some bright drapery of the skies,
      Had caught her earnest, upper glance.

     And as she paused--Hal! we have played
      Upon the very spot--a fir
     Just touched me with its dreamy shade,
      But the full moonlight fell on her--

     And as she paused--I know not why--
      I longed to speak, yet could not speak;
     The bashful are the boldest--I--
      I stooped and gently kissed her cheek.

     A murmur (else some fragrant air
      Stirred softly) and the faintest start--
     O Hal! we were the happiest pair!
      O Hal! I clasped her heart to heart!

     And kissed away some tears that gushed;
      But how she trembled, timid dove,
     When my soul broke its silence, flushed
      With a whole burning June of love.

     Since then a happy year hath sped
      Through months that seemed all June and May,
     And soon a March sun, overhead,
      Will usher in the crowning day.

     Twelve blessed moons that seemed to glow
      All summer, Hal!--my peerless Kate!
     She is the dearest--"Angel?"--no!
      Thank God!--but you shall see her--wait.

     So all is told!  I count on thee
      To see the Priest, Hal!  Pass the wine!
     Here's to my darling wife to be!
      And here's to--when thou find'st her--thine!



     Serenade



     Hide, happy damask, from the stars,
      What sleep enfolds behind your veil,
     But open to the fairy cars
      On which the dreams of midnight sail;
     And let the zephyrs rise and fall
      About her in the curtained gloom,
     And then return to tell me all
      The silken secrets of the room.

     Ah, dearest! may the elves that sway
      Thy fancies come from emerald plots,
     Where they have dozed and dreamed all day
      In hearts of blue forget-me-nots.
     And one perhaps shall whisper thus:
      Awake! and light the darkness, Sweet!
     While thou art reveling with us,
      He watches in the lonely street.



     Youth and Manhood



     Another year! a short one, if it flow
      Like that just past,
     And I shall stand--if years can make me so--
      A man at last.

     Yet, while the hours permit me, I would pause
      And contemplate
     The lot whereto unalterable laws
      Have bound my fate.

     Yet, from the starry regions of my youth,
      The empyreal height
     Where dreams are happiness, and feeling truth,
      And life delight--

     From that ethereal and serene abode
      My soul would gaze
     Downward upon the wide and winding road,
      Where manhood plays;

     Plays with the baubles and the gauds of earth--
      Wealth, power, and fame--
     Nor knows that in the twelvemonth after birth
      He did the same.

     Where the descent begins, through long defiles
      I see them wind;
     And some are looking down with hopeful smiles,
      And some are--blind.

     And farther on a gay and glorious green
      Dazzles the sight,
     While noble forms are moving o'er the scene,
      Like things of light.

     Towers, temples, domes of perfect symmetry
      Rise broad and high,
     With pinnacles among the clouds; ah, me!
      None touch the sky.

     None pierce the pure and lofty atmosphere
      Which I breathe now,
     And the strong spirits that inhabit there,
      Live--God sees how.

     Sick of the very treasure which they heap;
      Their tearless eyes
     Sealed ever in a heaven-forgetting sleep,
      Whose dreams are lies;

     And so, a motley, unattractive throng,
      They toil and plod,
     Dead to the holy ecstasies of song,
      To love, and God.

     Dear God! if that I may not keep through life
      My trust, my truth,
     And that I must, in yonder endless strife,
      Lose faith with youth;

     If the same toil which indurates the hand
      Must steel the heart,
     Till, in the wonders of the ideal land,
      It have no part;

     Oh! take me hence! I would no longer stay
      Beneath the sky;
     Give me to chant one pure and deathless lay,
      And let me die!



     Hark to the Shouting Wind



     Hark to the shouting Wind!
      Hark to the flying Rain!
     And I care not though I never see
      A bright blue sky again.

     There are thoughts in my breast to-day
      That are not for human speech;
     But I hear them in the driving storm,
      And the roar upon the beach.

     And oh, to be with that ship
      That I watch through the blinding brine!
     O Wind! for thy sweep of land and sea!
      O Sea! for a voice like thine!

     Shout on, thou pitiless Wind,
      To the frightened and flying Rain!
     I care not though I never see
      A calm blue sky again.



     Too Long, O Spirit of Storm



     Too long, O Spirit of Storm,
      Thy lightning sleeps in its sheath!
     I am sick to the soul of yon pallid sky,
      And the moveless sea beneath.

     Come down in thy strength on the deep!
      Worse dangers there are in life,
     When the waves are still, and the skies look fair,
      Than in their wildest strife.

     A friend I knew, whose days
      Were as calm as this sky overhead;
     But one blue morn that was fairest of all,
      The heart in his bosom fell dead.

     And they thought him alive while he walked
      The streets that he walked in youth--
     Ah! little they guessed the seeming man
      Was a soulless corpse in sooth.

     Come down in thy strength, O Storm!
      And lash the deep till it raves!
     I am sick to the soul of that quiet sea,
      Which hides ten thousand graves.



     The Lily Confidante



     Lily! lady of the garden!
      Let me press my lip to thine!
     Love must tell its story, Lily!
      Listen thou to mine.

     Two I choose to know the secret--
      Thee, and yonder wordless flute;
     Dragons watch me, tender Lily,
      And thou must be mute.

     There's a maiden, and her name is...
      Hist! was that a rose-leaf fell?
     See, the rose is listening, Lily,
      And the rose may tell.

     Lily-browed and lily-hearted,
      She is very dear to me;
     Lovely? yes, if being lovely
      Is--resembling thee.

     Six to half a score of summers
      Make the sweetest of the "teens"--
     Not too young to guess, dear Lily,
      What a lover means.

     Laughing girl, and thoughtful woman,
      I am puzzled how to woo--
     Shall I praise, or pique her, Lily?
      Tell me what to do.

     "Silly lover, if thy Lily
      Like her sister lilies be,
     Thou must woo, if thou wouldst wear her,
      With a simple plea.

     "Love's the lover's only magic,
      Truth the very subtlest art;
     Love that feigns, and lips that flatter,
      Win no modest heart.

     "Like the dewdrop in my bosom,
      Be thy guileless language, youth;
     Falsehood buyeth falsehood only,
      Truth must purchase truth.

     "As thou talkest at the fireside,
      With the little children by--
     As thou prayest in the darkness,
      When thy God is nigh--

     "With a speech as chaste and gentle,
      And such meanings as become
     Ear of child, or ear of angel,
      Speak, or be thou dumb.

     "Woo her thus, and she shall give thee
      Of her heart the sinless whole,
     All the girl within her bosom,
      And her woman's soul."



     The Stream is Flowing from the West



     The stream is flowing from the west;
      As if it poured from yonder skies,
     It wears upon its rippling breast
      The sunset's golden dyes;
     And bearing onward to the sea,
     'T will clasp the isle that holdeth thee.

     I dip my hand within the wave;
      Ah! how impressionless and cold!
     I touch it with my lip, and lave
      My forehead in the gold.
     It is a trivial thought, but sweet,
     Perhaps the wave will kiss thy feet.

     Alas! I leave no trace behind--
      As little on the senseless stream
     As on thy heart, or on thy mind;
      Which was the simpler dream,
     To win that warm, wild love of thine,
     Or make the water whisper mine?

     Dear stream! some moons must wax and wane
      Ere I again shall cross thy tide,
     And then, perhaps, a viewless chain
      Will drag me to her side,
     To love with all my spirit's scope,
     To wish, do everything but--hope.



     Vox et Præterea Nihil



     I've been haunted all night, I've been haunted all day,
     By the ghost of a song, by the shade of a lay,
     That with meaningless words and profusion of rhyme,
     To a dreamy and musical rhythm keeps time.
     A simple, but still a most magical strain,
     Its dim monotones have bewildered my brain
     With a specious and cunning appearance of thought,
     I seem to be catching but never have caught.

     I know it embodies some very sweet things,
     And can almost divine the low burden it sings;
     But again, and again, and still ever again,
     It has died on my ear at the touch of my pen.
     And so it keeps courting and shunning my quest,
     As a bird that has just been aroused from her nest,
     Too fond to depart, and too frightened to stay,
     Now circles about you, now flutters away.

     Oh! give me fit words for that exquisite song,
     And thou couldst not, proud beauty! be obdurate long;
     It would come like the voice of a saint from above,
     And win thee to kindness, and melt thee to love.
     Not gilded with fancy, nor frigid with art,
     But simple as feeling, and warm as the heart,
     It would murmur my name with so charming a tone,
     As would almost persuade thee to wish it thine own.



     Madeline



     O lady! if, until this hour,
      I've gazed in those bewildering eyes,
     Yet never owned their touching power,
      But when thou couldst not hear my sighs;
     It has not been that love has slept
      One single moment in my soul,
     Or that on lip or look I kept
      A stern and stoical control;
     But that I saw, but that I felt,
      In every tone and glance of thine,
     Whate'er they spoke, where'er they dwelt,
      How small, how poor a part was mine;
     And that I deeply, dearly knew,
      THAT hidden, hopeless love confessed,
     The fatal words would lose me, too,
      Even the weak friendship I possessed.
     And so, I masked my secret well;
      The very love within my breast
     Became the strange, but potent spell
      By which I forced it into rest.
     Yet there were times--I scarce know how
      These eager lips refrained to speak,--
     Some kindly smile would light thy brow,
      And I grew passionate and weak;
     The secret sparkled at my eyes,
     And love but half repressed its sighs,--
     Then had I gazed an instant more,
      Or dwelt one moment on that brow,
     I might have changed the smile it wore,
      To what perhaps it weareth now,
     And spite of all I feared to meet,
     Confessed that passion at thy feet.
     To save my heart, to spare thine own,
      There was one remedy alone.
     I fled, I shunned thy very touch,--
     It cost me much, O God! how much!
     But if some burning tears were shed,
      Lady! I let them freely flow;
     At least, they left unbreathed, unsaid,
      A worse and wilder woe.

     But now,--NOW that we part indeed,
      And that I may not think as then,
     That as I wish, or as I need,
      I may return again,--
     Now that for months, perhaps for years--
     I see no limit in my fears--
     My home shall be some distant spot,
     Where thou--where even thy name is not,
     And since I shall not see the frown,
     Such wild, mad language must bring down,
     Could I--albeit I may not sue
      In hope to bend thy steadfast will--
     Could I have breathed this word, adieu,
      And kept my secret still?

     Doubtless thou know'st the Hebrew story--
      The tale 's with me a favorite one--
     How Raphael left the Courts of Glory,
      And walked with Judah's honored Son;
     And how the twain together dwelt,
      And how they talked upon the road,
     How often too they must have knelt
      As equals to the same kind God;
     And still the mortal never guessed,
     How much and deeply he was blessed,
     Till when--the Angel's mission done--
      The spell which drew him earthwards, riven--
     The lover saved--the maiden won--
      He plumed again his wings for Heaven;
     O Madeline! as unaware
     Thou hast been followed everywhere,
      And girt and guarded by a love,
     As warm, as tender in its care,
     As pure, ay, powerful in prayer,
      As any saint above!
     Like the bright inmate of the skies,
     It only looked with friendly eyes,
     And still had worn the illusive guise,
      And thus at least been half concealed;
     But at this parting, painful hour,
     It spreads its wings, unfolds its power,
      And stands, like Raphael, revealed.

     More, Lady! I would wish to speak,--
     But it were vain, and words are weak,
     And now that I have bared my breast,
     Perchance thou wilt infer the rest.
     So, so, farewell!  I need not say
      I look, I ask for no reply,
     The cold and scarcely pitying "nay"
      I read in that unmelted eye;
     Yet one dear favor, let me pray!
      Days, months, however slow to me,
     Must drag at last their length away,
      And I return--if not to thee--
     At least to breathe the same sweet air
     That wooes thy lips and waves thy hair.
     Oh, then!--these daring lines forgot--
     Look, speak, as thou hadst read them not.
     So, Lady, may I still retain
     A right I would not lose again,
     For all that gold or guilt can buy,
     Or all that Heaven itself deny,
     A right such love may justly claim,
     Of seeing thee in friendship's name.
     Give me but this, and still at whiles,
     A portion of thy faintest smiles,
      It were enough to bless;
     I may not, dare not ask for more
     Than boon so rich, and yet so poor,
      But I should die with less.



     A Dedication

       To K. S. G.



     Fair Saxon, in my lover's creed,
     My love were smaller than your meed,
     And you might justly deem it slight,
     As wanting truth as well as sight,
     If, in that image which is shrined
     Where thoughts are sacred, you could find
     A single charm, or more or less,
     Than you to all kind eyes possess.
     To me, even in the happiest dreams,
     Where, flushed with love's just dawning gleams,
     My hopes their radiant wings unfurl,
     You're but a simple English girl,
     No fairer, grace for grace arrayed,
     Than many a simple Southern maid;
     With faults enough to make the good
     Seem sweeter far than else it would;
     Frank in your anger and your glee,
     And true as English natures be,
     Yet not without some maiden art
     Which hides a loving English heart.
     Still there are moments, brief and bright,
     When fancy, by a poet's light,
     Beholds you clothed with loftier charms
     Than love e'er gave to mortal arms.
     A spell is woven on the air
     From your brown eyes and golden hair,
     And all at once you seem to stand
     Before me as your native land,
     With all her greatness in your guise,
     And all her glory in your eyes;
     And sometimes, as if angels sung,
     I hear her poets on your tongue.
     And, therefore, I, who from a boy
     Have felt an almost English joy
     In England's undecaying might,
     And England's love of truth and right,
     Next to my own young country's fame
     Holding her honor and her name,
     I--who, though born where not a vale
     Hath ever nursed a nightingale,
     Have fed my muse with English song
     Until her feeble wing grew strong--
     Feel, while with all the reverence meet
     I lay this volume at your feet,
     As if through your dear self I pay,
     For many a deep and deathless lay,
     For noble lessons nobly taught,
     For tears, for laughter, and for thought,
     A portion of the mighty debt
     We owe to Shakespeare's England yet!



     Katie



     It may be through some foreign grace,
     And unfamiliar charm of face;
     It may be that across the foam
     Which bore her from her childhood's home,
     By some strange spell, my Katie brought,
     Along with English creeds and thought--
     Entangled in her golden hair--
     Some English sunshine, warmth, and air!
     I cannot tell--but here to-day,
     A thousand billowy leagues away
     From that green isle whose twilight skies
     No darker are than Katie's eyes,
     She seems to me, go where she will,
     An English girl in England still!

     I meet her on the dusty street,
     And daisies spring about her feet;
     Or, touched to life beneath her tread,
     An English cowslip lifts its head;
     And, as to do her grace, rise up
     The primrose and the buttercup!
     I roam with her through fields of cane,
     And seem to stroll an English lane,
     Which, white with blossoms of the May,
     Spreads its green carpet in her way!
     As fancy wills, the path beneath
     Is golden gorse, or purple heath:
     And now we hear in woodlands dim
     Their unarticulated hymn,
     Now walk through rippling waves of wheat,
     Now sink in mats of clover sweet,
     Or see before us from the lawn
     The lark go up to greet the dawn!
     All birds that love the English sky
     Throng round my path when she is by:
     The blackbird from a neighboring thorn
     With music brims the cup of morn,
     And in a thick, melodious rain
     The mavis pours her mellow strain!
     But only when my Katie's voice
     Makes all the listening woods rejoice
     I hear--with cheeks that flush and pale--
     The passion of the nightingale!

     Anon the pictures round her change,
     And through an ancient town we range,
     Whereto the shadowy memory clings
     Of one of England's Saxon kings,
     And which to shrine his fading fame
     Still keeps his ashes and his name.
     Quaint houses rise on either hand,
     But still the airs are fresh and bland,
     As if their gentle wings caressed
     Some new-born village of the West.
     A moment by the Norman tower
     We pause; it is the Sabbath hour!
     And o'er the city sinks and swells
     The chime of old St. Mary's bells,
     Which still resound in Katie's ears
     As sweet as when in distant years
     She heard them peal with jocund din
     A merry English Christmas in!
     We pass the abbey's ruined arch,
     And statelier grows my Katie's march,
     As round her, wearied with the taint
     Of Transatlantic pine and paint,
     She sees a thousand tokens cast
     Of England's venerable Past!
     Our reverent footsteps lastly claims
     The younger chapel of St. James,
     Which, though, as English records run,
     Not old, had seen full many a sun,
     Ere to the cold December gale
     The thoughtful Pilgrim spread his sail.
     There Katie in her childish days
     Spelt out her prayers and lisped her praise,
     And doubtless, as her beauty grew,
     Did much as other maidens do--
     Across the pews and down the aisle
     Sent many a beau-bewildering smile,
     And to subserve her spirit's need
     Learned other things beside the creed!
     There, too, to-day her knee she bows,
     And by her one whose darker brows
     Betray the Southern heart that burns
     Beside her, and which only turns
     Its thoughts to Heaven in one request,
     Not all unworthy to be blest,
     But rising from an earthlier pain
     Than might beseem a Christian fane.
     Ah! can the guileless maiden share
     The wish that lifts that passionate prayer?
     Is all at peace that breast within?
     Good angels! warn her of the sin!
     Alas! what boots it? who can save
     A willing victim of the wave?
     Who cleanse a soul that loves its guilt?
     Or gather wine when wine is spilt?

     We quit the holy house and gain
     The open air; then, happy twain,
     Adown familiar streets we go,
     And now and then she turns to show,
     With fears that all is changing fast,
     Some spot that's sacred to her Past.
     Here by this way, through shadows cool,
     A little maid, she tripped to school;
     And there each morning used to stop
     Before a wonder of a shop
     Where, built of apples and of pears,
     Rose pyramids of golden spheres;
     While, dangling in her dazzled sight,
     Ripe cherries cast a crimson light,
     And made her think of elfin lamps,
     And feast and sport in fairy camps,
     Whereat, upon her royal throne
     (Most richly carved in cherry-stone),
     Titania ruled, in queenly state,
     The boisterous revels of the fête!
     'T was yonder, with their "horrid" noise,
     Dismissed from books, she met the boys,
     Who, with a barbarous scorn of girls,
     Glanced slightly at her sunny curls,
     And laughed and leaped as reckless by
     As though no pretty face were nigh!
     But--here the maiden grows demure--
     Indeed she's not so VERY sure,
     That in a year, or haply twain,
     Who looked e'er failed to look again,
     And sooth to say, I little doubt
     (Some azure day, the truth will out!)
     That certain baits in certain eyes
     Caught many an unsuspecting prize;
     And somewhere underneath these eaves
     A budding flirt put forth its leaves!

     Has not the sky a deeper blue,
     Have not the trees a greener hue,
     And bend they not with lordlier grace
     And nobler shapes above the place
     Where on one cloudless winter morn
     My Katie to this life was born?
     Ah, folly! long hath fled the hour
     When love to sight gave keener power,
     And lovers looked for special boons
     In brighter flowers and larger moons.
     But wave the foliage as it may,
     And let the sky be ashen gray,
     Thus much at least a manly youth
     May hold--and yet not blush--as truth:
     If near that blessed spot of earth
     Which saw the cherished maiden's birth
     No softer dews than usual rise,
     And life there keeps its wonted guise,
     Yet not the less that spot may seem
     As lovely as a poet's dream;
     And should a fervid faith incline
     To make thereof a sainted shrine,
     Who may deny that round us throng
     A hundred earthly creeds as wrong,
     But meaner far, which yet unblamed
     Stalk by us and are not ashamed?
     So, therefore, Katie, as our stroll
     Ends at this portal, while you roll
     Those lustrous eyes to catch each ray
     That may recall some vanished day,
     I--let them jeer and laugh who will--
     Stoop down and kiss the sacred sill!

     So strongly sometimes on the sense
     These fancies hold their influence,
     That in long well-known streets I stray
     Like one who fears to lose his way.
     The stranger, I, the native, she,
     Myself, not Kate, had crossed the sea;
     And changing place, and mixing times,
     I walk in unfamiliar climes!
     These houses, free to every breeze
     That blows from warm Floridian seas,
     Assume a massive English air,
     And close around an English square;
     While, if I issue from the town,
     An English hill looks greenly down,
     Or round me rolls an English park,
     And in the Broad I hear the Larke!
     Thus when, where woodland violets hide,
     I rove with Katie at my side,
     It scarce would seem amiss to say:
     "Katie! my home lies far away,
     Beyond the pathless waste of brine,
     In a young land of palm and pine!
     There, by the tropic heats, the soul
     Is touched as if with living coal,
     And glows with such a fire as none
     Can feel beneath a Northern sun,
     Unless--my Katie's heart attest!--
     'T is kindled in an English breast!
     Such is the land in which I live,
     And, Katie! such the soul I give.
     Come! ere another morning beam,
     We'll cleave the sea with wings of steam;
     And soon, despite of storm or calm,
     Beneath my native groves of palm,
     Kind friends shall greet, with joy and pride,
     The Southron and his English bride!"



     Why Silent?



     Why am I silent from year to year?
      Needs must I sing on these blue March days?
     What will you say, when I tell you here,
      That already, I think, for a little praise,
             I have paid too dear?

     For, I know not why, when I tell my thought,
      It seems as though I fling it away;
     And the charm wherewith a fancy is fraught,
      When secret, dies with the fleeting lay
             Into which it is wrought.

     So my butterfly-dreams their golden wings
      But seldom unfurl from their chrysalis;
     And thus I retain my loveliest things,
      While the world, in its worldliness, does not miss
             What a poet sings.



     Two Portraits



         I

     You say, as one who shapes a life,
     That you will never be a wife,

     And, laughing lightly, ask my aid
     To paint your future as a maid.

     This is the portrait; and I take
     The softest colors for your sake:

     The springtime of your soul is dead,
     And forty years have bent your head;

     The lines are firmer round your mouth,
     But still its smile is like the South.

     Your eyes, grown deeper, are not sad,
     Yet never more than gravely glad;

     And the old charm still lurks within
     The cloven dimple of your chin.

     Some share, perhaps, of youthful gloss
     Your cheek hath shed; but still across

     The delicate ear are folded down
     Those silken locks of chestnut brown;

     Though here and there a thread of gray
     Steals through them like a lunar ray.

     One might suppose your life had passed
     Unvexed by any troubling blast;

     And such--for all that I foreknow--
     May be the truth!  The deeper woe!

     A loveless heart is seldom stirred;
     And sorrow shuns the mateless bird;

     But ah! through cares alone we reach
     The happiness which mocketh speech;

     In the white courts beyond the stars
     The noblest brow is seamed with scars;

     And they on earth who've wept the most
     Sit highest of the heavenly host.

     Grant that your maiden life hath sped
     In music o'er a golden bed,

     With rocks, and winds, and storms at truce,
     And not without a noble use;

     Yet are you happy?  In your air
     I see a nameless want appear,

     And a faint shadow on your cheek
     Tells what the lips refuse to speak.

     You have had all a maid could hope
     In the most cloudless horoscope:

     The strength that cometh from above;
     A Christian mother's holy love;

     And always at your soul's demand
     A brother's, sister's heart and hand.

     Small need your heart hath had to roam
     Beyond the circle of your home;

     And yet upon your wish attends
     A loving throng of genial friends.

     What, in a lot so sweet as this,
     Is wanting to complete your bliss?

     And to what secret shall I trace
     The clouds that sometimes cross your face,

     And that sad look which now and then
     Comes, disappears, and comes again,

     And dies reluctantly away
     In those clear eyes of azure gray?

     At best, and after all, the place
     You fill with such a serious grace,

     Hath much to try a woman's heart,
     And you but play a painful part.

     The world around, with little ruth,
     Still laughs at maids who have not youth,

     And, right or wrong, the old maid rests
     The victim of its paltry jests,

     And still is doomed to meet and bear
     Its pitying smile or furtive sneer.

     These are indeed but petty things,
     And yet they touch some hearts like stings.

     But I acquit you of the shame
     Of being unresisting game;

     For you are of such tempered clay
     As turns far stronger shafts away,

     And all that foes or fools could guide
     Would only curl that lip of pride.

     How then, O weary one! explain
     The sources of that hidden pain?

     Alas! you have divined at length
     How little you have used your strength,

     Which, with who knows what human good,
     Lies buried in that maidenhood,

     Where, as amid a field of flowers,
     You have but played with April showers.

     Ah! we would wish the world less fair,
     If Spring alone adorned the year,

     And Autumn came not with its fruit,
     And Autumn hymns were ever mute.

     So I remark without surprise
     That, as the unvarying season flies,

     From day to night and night to day,
     You sicken of your endless May.

     In this poor life we may not cross
     One virtuous instinct without loss,

     And the soul grows not to its height
     Till love calls forth its utmost might.

     Not blind to all you might have been,
     And with some consciousness of sin--

     Because with love you sometimes played,
     And choice, not fate, hath kept you maid--

     You feel that you must pass from earth
     But half-acquainted with its worth,

     And that within your heart are deeps
     In which a nobler woman sleeps;

     That not the maiden, but the wife
     Grasps the whole lesson of a life,

     While such as you but sit and dream
     Along the surface of its stream.

     And doubtless sometimes, all unsought,
     There comes upon your hour of thought,

     Despite the struggles of your will,
     A sense of something absent still;

     And then you cannot help but yearn
     To love and be beloved in turn,

     As they are loved, and love, who live
     As love were all that life could give;

     And in a transient clasp or kiss
     Crowd an eternity of bliss;

     They who of every mortal joy
     Taste always twice, nor feel them cloy,

     Or, if woes come, in Sorrow's hour
     Are strengthened by a double power.


         II

     Here ends my feeble sketch of what
     Might, but will never be your lot;

     And I foresee how oft these rhymes
     Shall make you smile in after-times.

     If I have read your nature right,
     It only waits a spark of light;

     And when that comes, as come it must,
     It will not fall on arid dust,

     Nor yet on that which breaks to flame
     In the first blush of maiden shame;

     But on a heart which, even at rest,
     Is warmer than an April nest,

     Where, settling soft, that spark shall creep
     About as gently as a sleep;

     Still stealing on with pace so slow
     Yourself will scarcely feel the glow,

     Till after many and many a day,
     Although no gleam its course betray,

     It shall attain the inmost shrine,
     And wrap it in a fire divine!

     I know not when or whence indeed
     Shall fall and burst the burning seed,

     But oh! once kindled, it will blaze,
     I know, forever!  By its rays

     You will perceive, with subtler eyes,
     The meaning in the earth and skies,

     Which, with their animated chain
     Of grass and flowers, and sun and rain,

     Of green below, and blue above,
     Are but a type of married love.

     You will perceive that in the breast
     The germs of many virtues rest,

     Which, ere they feel a lover's breath,
     Lie in a temporary death;

     And till the heart is wooed and won
     It is an earth without a sun.


         III

     But now, stand forth as sweet as life!
     And let me paint you as a wife.

     I note some changes in your face,
     And in your mien a graver grace;

     Yet the calm forehead lightly bears
     Its weight of twice a score of years;

     And that one love which on this earth
     Can wake the heart to all its worth,

     And to their height can lift and bind
     The powers of soul, and sense, and mind,

     Hath not allowed a charm to fade--
     And the wife's lovelier than the maid.

     An air of still, though bright repose
     Tells that a tender hand bestows

     All that a generous manhood may
     To make your life one bridal day,

     While the kind eyes betray no less,
     In their blue depths of tenderness,

     That you have learned the truths which lie
     Behind that holy mystery,

     Which, with its blisses and its woes,
     Nor man nor maiden ever knows.

     If now, as to the eyes of one
     Whose glance not even thought can shun,

     Your soul lay open to my view,
     I, looking all its nature through,

     Could see no incompleted part,
     For the whole woman warms your heart.

     I cannot tell how many dead
     You number in the cycles fled,

     And you but look the more serene
     For all the griefs you may have seen,

     As you had gathered from the dust
     The flowers of Peace, and Hope, and Trust.

     Your smile is even sweeter now
     Than when it lit your maiden brow,

     And that which wakes this gentler charm
     Coos at this moment on your arm.

     Your voice was always soft in youth,
     And had the very sound of truth,

     But never were its tones so mild
     Until you blessed your earliest child;

     And when to soothe some little wrong
     It melts into a mother's song,

     The same strange sweetness which in years
     Long vanished filled the eyes with tears,

     And (even when mirthful) gave always
     A pathos to your girlish lays,

     Falls, with perchance a deeper thrill,
     Upon the breathless listener still.

     I cannot guess in what fair spot
     The chance of Time hath fixed your lot,

     Nor can I name what manly breast
     Gives to that head a welcome rest;

     I cannot tell if partial Fate
     Hath made you poor, or rich, or great;

     But oh! whatever be your place,
     I never saw a form or face

     To which more plainly hath been lent
     The blessing of a full content!



     La Belle Juive



     Is it because your sable hair
     Is folded over brows that wear
     At times a too imperial air;

     Or is it that the thoughts which rise
     In those dark orbs do seek disguise
     Beneath the lids of Eastern eyes;

     That choose whatever pose or place
     May chance to please, in you I trace
     The noblest woman of your race?

     The crowd is sauntering at its ease,
     And humming like a hive of bees--
     You take your seat and touch the keys:

     I do not hear the giddy throng;
     The sea avenges Israel's wrong,
     And on the wind floats Miriam's song!

     You join me with a stately grace;
     Music to Poesy gives place;
     Some grand emotion lights your face:

     At once I stand by Mizpeh's walls:
     With smiles the martyred daughter falls,
     And desolate are Mizpeh's halls!

     Intrusive babblers come between;
     With calm, pale brow and lofty mien,
     You thread the circle like a queen!

     Then sweeps the royal Esther by;
     The deep devotion in her eye
     Is looking "If I die, I die!"

     You stroll the garden's flowery walks;
     The plants to me are grainless stalks,
     And Ruth to old Naomi talks.

     Adopted child of Judah's creed,
     Like Judah's daughters, true at need,
     I see you mid the alien seed.

     I watch afar the gleaner sweet;
     I wake like Boaz in the wheat,
     And find you lying at my feet!

     My feet!  Oh! if the spell that lures
     My heart through all these dreams endures,
     How soon shall I be stretched at yours!



     An Exotic



     Not in a climate near the sun
      Did the cloud with its trailing fringes float,
     Whence, white as the down of an angel's plume,
      Fell the snow of her brow and throat.

     And the ground had been rich for a thousand years
      With the blood of heroes, and sages, and kings,
     Where the rose that blooms in her exquisite cheek
      Unfolded the flush of its wings.

     On a land where the faces are fair, though pale
      As a moonlit mist when the winds are still,
     She breaks like a morning in Paradise
      Through the palms of an orient hill.

     Her beauty, perhaps, were all too bright,
      But about her there broods some delicate spell,
     Whence the wondrous charm of the girl grows soft
      As the light in an English dell.

     There is not a story of faith and truth
      On the starry scroll of her country's fame,
     But has helped to shape her stately mien,
      And to touch her soul with flame.

     I sometimes forget, as she sweeps me a bow,
      That I gaze on a simple English maid,
     And I bend my head, as if to a queen
      Who is courting my lance and blade.

     Once, as we read, in a curtained niche,
      A poet who sang of her sea-throned isle,
     There was something of Albion's mighty Bess
      In the flash of her haughty smile.

     She seemed to gather from every age
      All the greatness of England about her there,
     And my fancy wove a royal crown
      Of the dusky gold of her hair.

     But it was no queen to whom that day,
      In the dim green shade of a trellised vine,
     I whispered a hope that had somewhat to do
      With a small white hand in mine.

     The Tudor had vanished, and, as I spoke,
      'T was herself looked out of her frank brown eye,
     And an answer was burning upon her face,
      Ere I caught the low reply.

     What was it!  Nothing the world need know--
      The stars saw our parting!  Enough, that then
     I walked from the porch with the tread of a king,
      And she was a queen again!



     The Rosebuds



     Yes, in that dainty ivory shrine,
     With those three pallid buds, I twine
     And fold away a dream divine!

     One night they lay upon a breast
     Where Love hath made his fragrant nest,
     And throned me as a life-long guest.

     Near that chaste heart they seemed to me
     Types of far fairer flowers to be--
     The rosebuds of a human tree!

     Buds that shall bloom beside my hearth,
     And there be held of richer worth
     Than all the kingliest gems of earth.

     Ah me! the pathos of the thought!
     I had not deemed she wanted aught;
     Yet what a tenderer charm it wrought!

     I know not if she marked the flame
     That lit my cheek, but not from shame,
     When one sweet image dimly came.

     There was a murmur soft and low;
     White folds of cambric, parted slow;
     And little fingers played with snow!

     How far my fancy dared to stray,
     A lover's reverence needs not say--
     Enough--the vision passed away!

     Passed in a mist of happy tears,
     While something in my trancèd ears
     Hummed like the future in a seer's!



     A Mother's Wail



     My babe! my tiny babe! my only babe!
     My single rose-bud in a crown of thorns!
     My lamp that in that narrow hut of life,
     Whence I looked forth upon a night of storm!
     Burned with the lustre of the moon and stars!

     My babe! my tiny babe! my only babe!
     Behold the bud is gone! the thorns remain!
     My lamp hath fallen from its niche--ah, me!
     Earth drinks the fragrant flame, and I am left
     Forever and forever in the dark!

     My babe! my babe! my own and only babe!
     Where art thou now?  If somewhere in the sky
     An angel hold thee in his radiant arms,
     I challenge him to clasp thy tender form
     With half the fervor of a mother's love!

     Forgive me, Lord! forgive my reckless grief!
     Forgive me that this rebel, selfish heart
     Would almost make me jealous for my child,
     Though thy own lap enthroned him.  Lord, thou hast
     So many such!  I have--ah! had but one!

     O yet once more, my babe, to hear thy cry!
     O yet once more, my babe, to see thy smile!
     O yet once more to feel against my breast
     Those cool, soft hands, that warm, wet, eager mouth,
     With the sweet sharpness of its budding pearls!

     But it must never, never more be mine
     To mark the growing meaning in thine eyes,
     To watch thy soul unfolding leaf by leaf,
     Or catch, with ever fresh surprise and joy,
     Thy dawning recognitions of the world.

     Three different shadows of thyself, my babe,
     Change with each other while I weep.  The first,
     The sweetest, yet the not least fraught with pain,
     Clings like my living boy around my neck,
     Or purrs and murmurs softly at my feet!

     Another is a little mound of earth;
     That comes the oftenest, darling!  In my dreams,
     I see it beaten by the midnight rain,
     Or chilled beneath the moon.  Ah! what a couch
     For that which I have shielded from a breath
     That would not stir the violets on thy grave!

     The third, my precious babe! the third, O Lord!
     Is a fair cherub face beyond the stars,
     Wearing the roses of a mystic bliss,
     Yet sometimes not unsaddened by a glance
     Turned earthward on a mother in her woe!

     This is the vision, Lord, that I would keep
     Before me always.  But, alas! as yet,
     It is the dimmest and the rarest, too!
     O touch my sight, or break the cloudy bars
     That hide it, lest I madden where I kneel!



     Our Willie



     'T was merry Christmas when he came,
     Our little boy beneath the sod;
     And brighter burned the Christmas flame,
     And merrier sped the Christmas game,
     Because within the house there lay
     A shape as tiny as a fay--
         The Christmas gift of God!
     In wreaths and garlands on the walls
     The holly hung its ruby balls,
         The mistletoe its pearls;
     And a Christmas tree's fantastic fruits
     Woke laughter like a choir of flutes
         From happy boys and girls.
     For the mirth, which else had swelled as shrill
     As a school let loose to its errant will,
         Was softened by the thought,
     That in a dim hushed room above
     A mother's pains in a mother's love
         Were only just forgot.
     The jest, the tale, the toast, the glee,
     All took a sober tone;
     We spoke of the babe upstairs, as we
     Held festival for him alone.
     When the bells rang in the Christmas morn,
     It scarcely seemed a sin to say
     That they rang because that babe was born,
     Not less than for the sacred day.
     Ah! Christ forgive us for the crime
     Which drowned the memories of the time
         In a merely mortal bliss!
     We owned the error when the mirth
     Of another Christmas lit the hearth
         Of every home but this.
     When, in that lonely burial-ground,
     With every Christmas sight and sound
     Removed or shunned, we kept
     A mournful Christmas by the mound
     Where little Willie slept!

     Ah, hapless mother! darling wife!
     I might say nothing more,
     And the dull cold world would hold
     The story of that precious life
         As amply told!
     Shall we, shall you and I, before
     That world's unsympathetic eyes
     Lay other relics from our store
         Of tender memories?
     What could it know of the joy and love
     That throbbed and smiled and wept above
         An unresponsive thing?
     And who could share the ecstatic thrill
     With which we watched the upturned bill
     Of our bird at its living spring?
     Shall we tell how in the time gone by,
     Beneath all changes of the sky,
     And in an ordinary home
         Amid the city's din,
     Life was to us a crystal dome,
         Our babe the flame therein?
     Ah! this were jargon on the mart;
     And though some gentle friend,
     And many and many a suffering heart,
     Would weep and comprehend,
     Yet even these might fail to see
     What we saw daily in the child--
     Not the mere creature undefiled,
     But the winged cherub soon to be.
     That wandering hand which seemed to reach
         At angel finger-tips,
     And that murmur like a mystic speech
         Upon the rosy lips,
     That something in the serious face
     Holier than even its infant grace,
     And that rapt gaze on empty space,
     Which made us, half believing, say,
     "Ah, little wide-eyed seer! who knows
     But that for you this chamber glows
     With stately shapes and solemn shows?"
     Which touched us, too, with vague alarms,
     Lest in the circle of our arms
     We held a being less akin
     To his parents in a world of sin
     Than to beings not of clay:
     How could we speak in human phrase,
     Of such scarce earthly traits and ways,
         What would not seem
         A doting dream,
     In the creed of these sordid days?
         No! let us keep
         Deep, deep,
     In sorrowing heart and aching brain,
     This story hidden with the pain,
     Which since that blue October night
     When Willie vanished from our sight,
     Must haunt us even in our sleep.
     In the gloom of the chamber where he died,
     And by that grave which, through our care,
     From Yule to Yule of every year,
     Is made like Spring to bloom;
     And where, at times, we catch the sigh
     As of an angel floating nigh,
     Who longs but has not power to tell
     That in that violet-shrouded cell
     Lies nothing better than the shell
     Which he had cast aside--
     By that sweet grave, in that dark room,
     We may weave at will for each other's ear,
     Of that life, and that love, and that early doom,
     The tale which is shadowed here:
     To us alone it will always be
     As fresh as our own misery;
     But enough, alas! for the world is said,
     In the brief "Here lieth" of the dead!



     Address Delivered at the Opening of the New Theatre at Richmond

     A Prize Poem



                 A fairy ring
     Drawn in the crimson of a battle-plain--
     From whose weird circle every loathsome thing
        And sight and sound of pain
     Are banished, while about it in the air,
     And from the ground, and from the low-hung skies,
        Throng, in a vision fair
     As ever lit a prophet's dying eyes,
        Gleams of that unseen world
     That lies about us, rainbow-tinted shapes
        With starry wings unfurled,
     Poised for a moment on such airy capes
        As pierce the golden foam
        Of sunset's silent main--
     Would image what in this enchanted dome,
        Amid the night of war and death
     In which the armèd city draws its breath,
        We have built up!
     For though no wizard wand or magic cup
        The spell hath wrought,
     Within this charmëd fane, we ope the gates
        Of that divinest Fairy-land,
        Where under loftier fates
     Than rule the vulgar earth on which we stand,
     Move the bright creatures of the realm of thought.
     Shut for one happy evening from the flood
     That roars around us, here you may behold--
        As if a desert way
        Could blossom and unfold
        A garden fresh with May--
     Substantialized in breathing flesh and blood,
        Souls that upon the poet's page
        Have lived from age to age,
     And yet have never donned this mortal clay.
        A golden strand
     Shall sometimes spread before you like the isle
        Where fair Miranda's smile
     Met the sweet stranger whom the father's art
        Had led unto her heart,
     Which, like a bud that waited for the light,
        Burst into bloom at sight!
     Love shall grow softer in each maiden's eyes
     As Juliet leans her cheek upon her hand,
        And prattles to the night.
        Anon, a reverend form,
        With tattered robe and forehead bare,
     That challenge all the torments of the air,
                 Goes by!
     And the pent feelings choke in one long sigh,
     While, as the mimic thunder rolls, you hear
        The noble wreck of Lear
     Reproach like things of life the ancient skies,
        And commune with the storm!
     Lo! next a dim and silent chamber where,
     Wrapt in glad dreams in which, perchance, the Moor
        Tells his strange story o'er,
     The gentle Desdemona chastely lies,
     Unconscious of the loving murderer nigh.
        Then through a hush like death
        Stalks Denmark's mailëd ghost!
     And Hamlet enters with that thoughtful breath
     Which is the trumpet to a countless host
     Of reasons, but which wakes no deed from sleep;
        For while it calls to strife,
     He pauses on the very brink of fact
     To toy as with the shadow of an act,
     And utter those wise saws that cut so deep
        Into the core of life!

        Nor shall be wanting many a scene
        Where forms of more familiar mien,
     Moving through lowlier pathways, shall present
        The world of every day,
     Such as it whirls along the busy quay,
     Or sits beneath a rustic orchard wall,
     Or floats about a fashion-freighted hall,
     Or toils in attics dark the night away.
     Love, hate, grief, joy, gain, glory, shame, shall meet,
     As in the round wherein our lives are pent;
        Chance for a while shall seem to reign,
     While Goodness roves like Guilt about the street,
        And Guilt looks innocent.
     But all at last shall vindicate the right,
     Crime shall be meted with its proper pain,
     Motes shall be taken from the doubter's sight,
     And Fortune's general justice rendered plain.
     Of honest laughter there shall be no dearth,
     Wit shall shake hands with humor grave and sweet,
     Our wisdom shall not be too wise for mirth,
     Nor kindred follies want a fool to greet.
     As sometimes from the meanest spot of earth
     A sudden beauty unexpected starts,
     So you shall find some germs of hidden worth
        Within the vilest hearts;
     And now and then, when in those moods that turn
     To the cold Muse that whips a fault with sneers,
     You shall, perchance, be strangely touched to learn
        You've struck a spring of tears!

     But while we lead you thus from change to change,
     Shall we not find within our ample range
     Some type to elevate a people's heart--
     Some hero who shall teach a hero's part
        In this distracted time?
     Rise from thy sleep of ages, noble Tell!
     And, with the Alpine thunders of thy voice,
     As if across the billows unenthralled
     Thy Alps unto the Alleghanies called,
        Bid Liberty rejoice!
     Proclaim upon this trans-Atlantic strand
     The deeds which, more than their own awful mien,
     Make every crag of Switzerland sublime!
     And say to those whose feeble souls would lean,
     Not on themselves, but on some outstretched hand,
     That once a single mind sufficed to quell
     The malice of a tyrant; let them know
     That each may crowd in every well-aimed blow,
     Not the poor strength alone of arm and brand,
     But the whole spirit of a mighty land!

     Bid Liberty rejoice!  Aye, though its day
     Be far or near, these clouds shall yet be red
     With the large promise of the coming ray.
     Meanwhile, with that calm courage which can smile
     Amid the terrors of the wildest fray,
     Let us among the charms of Art awhile
        Fleet the deep gloom away;
     Nor yet forget that on each hand and head
     Rest the dear rights for which we fight and pray.



     A Vision of Poesy



       Part I


         I

     In a far country, and a distant age,
      Ere sprites and fays had bade farewell to earth,
     A boy was born of humble parentage;
      The stars that shone upon his lonely birth
     Did seem to promise sovereignty and fame--
     Yet no tradition hath preserved his name.

         II

     'T is said that on the night when he was born,
      A beauteous shape swept slowly through the room;
     Its eyes broke on the infant like a morn,
      And his cheek brightened like a rose in bloom;
     But as it passed away there followed after
     A sigh of pain, and sounds of elvish laughter.

         III

     And so his parents deemed him to be blest
      Beyond the lot of mortals; they were poor
     As the most timid bird that stored its nest
      With the stray gleanings at their cottage-door:
     Yet they contrived to rear their little dove,
     And he repaid them with the tenderest love.

         IV

     The child was very beautiful in sooth,
      And as he waxed in years grew lovelier still;
     On his fair brow the aureole of truth
      Beamed, and the purest maidens, with a thrill,
     Looked in his eyes, and from their heaven of blue
     Saw thoughts like sinless Angels peering through.

         V

     Need there was none of censure or of praise
      To mould him to the kind parental hand;
     Yet there was ever something in his ways,
      Which those about him could not understand;
     A self-withdrawn and independent bliss,
     Beside the father's love, the mother's kiss.

         VI

     For oft, when he believed himself alone,
      They caught brief snatches of mysterious rhymes,
     Which he would murmur in an undertone,
      Like a pleased bee's in summer; and at times
     A strange far look would come into his eyes,
     As if he saw a vision in the skies.

         VII

     And he upon a simple leaf would pore
      As if its very texture unto him
     Had some deep meaning; sometimes by the door,
      From noon until a summer-day grew dim,
     He lay and watched the clouds; and to his thought
     Night with her stars but fitful slumbers brought.

         VIII

     In the long hours of twilight, when the breeze
      Talked in low tones along the woodland rills,
     Or the loud North its stormy minstrelsies
      Blent with wild noises from the distant hills,
     The boy--his rosy hand against his ear
     Curved like a sea-shell--hushed as some rapt seer,

         IX

     Followed the sounds, and ever and again,
      As the wind came and went, in storm or play,
     He seemed to hearken as to some far strain
      Of mingled voices calling him away;
     And they who watched him held their breath to trace
     The still and fixed attention in his face.

         X

     Once, on a cold and loud-voiced winter night,
      The three were seated by their cottage-fire--
     The mother watching by its flickering light
      The wakeful urchin, and the dozing sire;
     There was a brief, quick motion like a bird's,
     And the boy's thought thus rippled into words:

         XI

     "O mother! thou hast taught me many things,
      But none I think more beautiful than speech--
     A nobler power than even those broad wings
      I used to pray for, when I longed to reach
     That distant peak which on our vale looks down,
     And wears the star of evening for a crown.

         XII

     "But, mother, while our human words are rife
      To us with meaning, other sounds there be
     Which seem, and are, the language of a life
      Around, yet unlike ours:  winds talk; the sea
     Murmurs articulately, and the sky
     Listens, and answers, though inaudibly.

         XIII

     "By stream and spring, in glades and woodlands lone,
      Beside our very cot I've gathered flowers
     Inscribed with signs and characters unknown;
      But the frail scrolls still baffle all my powers:
     What is this language and where is the key
     That opes its weird and wondrous mystery?

         XIV

     "The forests know it, and the mountains know,
      And it is written in the sunset's dyes;
     A revelation to the world below
      Is daily going on before our eyes;
     And, but for sinful thoughts, I do not doubt
     That we could spell the thrilling secret out.

         XV

     "O mother! somewhere on this lovely earth
      I lived, and understood that mystic tongue,
     But, for some reason, to my second birth
      Only the dullest memories have clung,
     Like that fair tree that even while blossoming
     Keeps the dead berries of a former spring.

         XVI

     "Who shall put life in these?--my nightly dreams
      Some teacher of supernal powers foretell;
     A fair and stately shape appears, which seems
      Bright with all truth; and once, in a dark dell
     Within the forest, unto me there came
     A voice that must be hers, which called my name."

         XVII

     Puzzled and frightened, wondering more and more,
      The mother heard, but did not comprehend;
     "So early dallying with forbidden lore!
      Oh, what will chance, and wherein will it end?
     My child! my child!" she caught him to her breast,
     "Oh, let me kiss these wildering thoughts to rest!

         XVIII

     "They cannot come from God, who freely gives
      All that we need to have, or ought to know;
     Beware, my son! some evil influence strives
      To grieve thy parents, and to work thee woe;
     Alas! the vision I misunderstood!
     It could not be an angel fair and good."

         XIX

     And then, in low and tremulous tones, she told
      The story of his birth-night; the boy's eyes,
     As the wild tale went on, were bright and bold,
      With a weird look that did not seem surprise:
     "Perhaps," he said, "this lady and her elves
     Will one day come, and take me to themselves."

         XX

     "And wouldst thou leave us?"  "Dearest mother, no!
      Hush! I will check these thoughts that give thee pain;
     Or, if they flow, as they perchance must flow,
      At least I will not utter them again;
     Hark! didst thou hear a voice like many streams?
     Mother! it is the spirit of my dreams!"

         XXI

     Thenceforth, whatever impulse stirred below,
      In the deep heart beneath that childish breast,
     Those lips were sealed, and though the eye would glow,
      Yet the brow wore an air of perfect rest;
     Cheerful, content, with calm though strong control
     He shut the temple-portals of his soul.

         XXII

     And when too restlessly the mighty throng
      Of fancies woke within his teeming mind,
     All silently they formed in glorious song,
      And floated off unheard, and undivined,
     Perchance not lost--with many a voiceless prayer
     They reached the sky, and found some record there.

         XXIII

     Softly and swiftly sped the quiet days;
      The thoughtful boy has blossomed into youth,
     And still no maiden would have feared his gaze,
      And still his brow was noble with the truth:
     Yet, though he masks the pain with pious art,
     There burns a restless fever in his heart.

         XXIV

     A childish dream is now a deathless need
      Which drives him to far hills and distant wilds;
     The solemn faith and fervor of his creed
      Bold as a martyr's, simple as a child's;
     The eagle knew him as she knew the blast,
     And the deer did not flee him as he passed.

         XXV

     But gentle even in his wildest mood,
      Always, and most, he loved the bluest weather,
     And in some soft and sunny solitude
      Couched like a milder sunshine on the heather,
     He communed with the winds, and with the birds,
     As if they might have answered him in words.

         XXVI

     Deep buried in the forest was a nook
      Remote and quiet as its quiet skies;
     He knew it, sought it, loved it as a book
      Full of his own sweet thoughts and memories;
     Dark oaks and fluted chestnuts gathering round,
     Pillared and greenly domed a sloping mound.

         XXVII

     Whereof--white, purple, azure, golden, red,
      Confused like hues of sunset--the wild flowers
     Wove a rich dais; through crosslights overhead
      Glanced the clear sunshine, fell the fruitful showers,
     And here the shyest bird would fold her wings;
     Here fled the fairest and the gentlest things.

         XXVIII

     Thither, one night of mist and moonlight, came
      The youth, with nothing deeper in his thoughts
     Than to behold beneath the silver flame
      New aspects of his fair and favorite spot;
     A single ray attained the ground, and shed
     Just light enough to guide the wanderer's tread.

         XXIX

     And high and hushed arose the stately trees,
      Yet shut within themselves, like dungeons, where
     Lay fettered all the secrets of the breeze;
      Silent, but not as slumbering, all things there
     Wore to the youth's aroused imagination
     An air of deep and solemn expectation.

         XXX

     "Hath Heaven," the youth exclaimed, "a sweeter spot,
      Or Earth another like it?--yet even here
     The old mystery dwells! and though I read it not,
      Here most I hope--it is, or seems so near;
     So many hints come to me, but, alas!
     I cannot grasp the shadows as they pass.

         XXXI

     "Here, from the very turf beneath me, I
      Catch, but just catch, I know not what faint sound,
     And darkly guess that from yon silent sky
      Float starry emanations to the ground;
     These ears are deaf, these human eyes are blind,
     I want a purer heart, a subtler mind.

         XXXII

     "Sometimes--could it be fancy?--I have felt
      The presence of a spirit who might speak;
     As down in lowly reverence I knelt,
      Its very breath hath kissed my burning cheek;
     But I in vain have hushed my own to hear
     A wing or whisper stir the silent air!"

         XXXIII

     Is not the breeze articulate?  Hark!  Oh, hark!
      A distant murmur, like a voice of floods;
     And onward sweeping slowly through the dark,
      Bursts like a call the night-wind from the woods!
     Low bow the flowers, the trees fling loose their dreams,
     And through the waving roof a fresher moonlight streams.

         XXXIV

     "Mortal!"--the word crept slowly round the place
      As if that wind had breathed it!  From no star
     Streams that soft lustre on the dreamer's face.
      Again a hushing calm! while faint and far
     The breeze goes calling onward through the night.
     Dear God! what vision chains that wide-strained sight?

         XXXV

     Over the grass and flowers, and up the slope
      Glides a white cloud of mist, self-moved and slow,
     That, pausing at the hillock's moonlit cope,
      Swayed like a flame of silver; from below
     The breathless youth with beating heart beholds
     A mystic motion in its argent folds.

         XXXVI

     Yet his young soul is bold, and hope grows warm,
      As flashing through that cloud of shadowy crape,
     With sweep of robes, and then a gleaming arm,
      Slowly developing, at last took shape
     A face and form unutterably bright,
     That cast a golden glamour on the night.

         XXXVII

     But for the glory round it it would seem
      Almost a mortal maiden; and the boy,
     Unto whom love was yet an innocent dream,
      Shivered and crimsoned with an unknown joy;
     As to the young Spring bounds the passionate South,
     He could have clasped and kissed her mouth to mouth.

         XXXVIII

     Yet something checked, that was and was not dread,
      Till in a low sweet voice the maiden spake;
     She was the Fairy of his dreams, she said,
      And loved him simply for his human sake;
     And that in heaven, wherefrom she took her birth,
     They called her Poesy, the angel of the earth.

         XXXIX

     "And ever since that immemorial hour,
      When the glad morning-stars together sung,
     My task hath been, beneath a mightier Power,
      To keep the world forever fresh and young;
     I give it not its fruitage and its green,
     But clothe it with a glory all unseen.

         XL

     "I sow the germ which buds in human art,
      And, with my sister, Science, I explore
     With light the dark recesses of the heart,
      And nerve the will, and teach the wish to soar;
     I touch with grace the body's meanest clay,
     While noble souls are nobler for my sway.

         XLI

     "Before my power the kings of earth have bowed;
      I am the voice of Freedom, and the sword
     Leaps from its scabbard when I call aloud;
      Wherever life in sacrifice is poured,
     Wherever martyrs die or patriots bleed,
     I weave the chaplet and award the meed.

         XLII

     "Where Passion stoops, or strays, is cold, or dead,
      I lift from error, or to action thrill!
     Or if it rage too madly in its bed,
      The tempest hushes at my 'Peace! be still!'
     I know how far its tides should sink or swell,
     And they obey my sceptre and my spell.

         XLIII

     "All lovely things, and gentle--the sweet laugh
      Of children, Girlhood's kiss, and Friendship's clasp,
     The boy that sporteth with the old man's staff,
      The baby, and the breast its fingers grasp--
     All that exalts the grounds of happiness,
     All griefs that hallow, and all joys that bless,

         XLIV

     "To me are sacred; at my holy shrine
      Love breathes its latest dreams, its earliest hints;
     I turn life's tasteless waters into wine,
      And flush them through and through with purple tints.
     Wherever Earth is fair, and Heaven looks down,
     I rear my altars, and I wear my crown.

         XLV

     "I am the unseen spirit thou hast sought,
      I woke those shadowy questionings that vex
     Thy young mind, lost in its own cloud of thought,
      And rouse the soul they trouble and perplex;
     I filled thy days with visions, and thy nights
     Blessed with all sweetest sounds and fairy sights.

         XLVI

     "Not here, not in this world, may I disclose
      The mysteries in which this life is hearsed;
     Some doubts there be that, with some earthly woes,
      By Death alone shall wholly be dispersed;
     Yet on those very doubts from this low sod
     Thy soul shall pass beyond the stars to God.

         XLVII

     "And so to knowledge, climbing grade by grade,
      Thou shalt attain whatever mortals can,
     And what thou mayst discover by my aid
      Thou shalt translate unto thy brother man;
     And men shall bless the power that flings a ray
     Into their night from thy diviner day.

         XLVIII

     "For, from thy lofty height, thy words shall fall
      Upon their spirits like bright cataracts
     That front a sunrise; thou shalt hear them call
      Amid their endless waste of arid facts,
     As wearily they plod their way along,
     Upon the rhythmic zephyrs of thy song.

         XLIX

     "All this is in thy reach, but much depends
      Upon thyself--thy future I await;
     I give the genius, point the proper ends,
      But the true bard is his own only Fate;
     Into thy soul my soul have I infused;
     Take care thy lofty powers be wisely used.

         L

     "The Poet owes a high and holy debt,
      Which, if he feel, he craves not to be heard
     For the poor boon of praise, or place, nor yet
      Does the mere joy of song, as with the bird
     Of many voices, prompt the choral lay
     That cheers that gentle pilgrim on his way.

         LI

     "Nor may he always sweep the passionate lyre,
      Which is his heart, only for such relief
     As an impatient spirit may desire,
      Lest, from the grave which hides a private grief,
     The spells of song call up some pallid wraith
     To blast or ban a mortal hope or faith.

         LII

     "Yet over his deep soul, with all its crowd
      Of varying hopes and fears, he still must brood;
     As from its azure height a tranquil cloud
      Watches its own bright changes in the flood;
     Self-reading, not self-loving--they are twain--
     And sounding, while he mourns, the depths of pain.

         LIII

     "Thus shall his songs attain the common breast,
      Dyed in his own life's blood, the sign and seal,
     Even as the thorns which are the martyr's crest,
      That do attest his office, and appeal
     Unto the universal human heart
     In sanction of his mission and his art.

         LIV

     "Much yet remains unsaid--pure must he be;
      Oh, blessëd are the pure! for they shall hear
     Where others hear not, see where others see
      With a dazed vision:  who have drawn most near
     My shrine, have ever brought a spirit cased
     And mailëd in a body clean and chaste.

         LV

     "The Poet to the whole wide world belongs,
      Even as the teacher is the child's--I said
     No selfish aim should ever mar his songs,
      But self wears many guises; men may wed
     Self in another, and the soul may be
     Self to its centre, all unconsciously.

         LVI

     "And therefore must the Poet watch, lest he,
      In the dark struggle of this life, should take
     Stains which he might not notice; he must flee
      Falsehood, however winsome, and forsake
     All for the Truth, assured that Truth alone
     Is Beauty, and can make him all my own.

         LVII

     "And he must be as armëd warrior strong,
      And he must be as gentle as a girl,
     And he must front, and sometimes suffer wrong,
      With brow unbent, and lip untaught to curl;
     For wrath, and scorn, and pride, however just,
     Fill the clear spirit's eyes with earthly dust."

        --------

     The story came to me--it recks not whence--
     In fragments.  Oh! if I could tell it all,
     If human speech indeed could tell it all,
     'T were not a whit less wondrous, than if I
     Should find, untouched in leaf and stem, and bright,
     As when it bloomed three thousand years ago,
     On some Idalian slope, a perfect rose.
     Alas! a leaf or two, and they perchance
     Scarce worth the hiving, one or two dead leaves
     Are the sole harvest of a summer's toil.
     There was a moment, ne'er to be recalled,
     When to the Poet's hope within my heart,
     They wore a tint like life's, but in my hand,
     I know not why, they withered.  I have heard
     Somewhere, of some dead monarch, from the tomb,
     Where he had slept a century and more,
     Brought forth, that when the coffin was laid bare,
     Albeit the body in its mouldering robes
     Was fleshless, yet one feature still remained
     Perfect, or perfect seemed at least; the eyes
     Gleamed for a second on the startled crowd,
     And then went out in ashes.  Even thus
     The story, when I drew it from the grave
     Where it had lain so long, did seem, I thought,
     Not wholly lifeless; but even while I gazed
     To fix its features on my heart, and called
     The world to wonder with me, lo! it proved
     I looked upon a corpse!
                              What further fell
     In that lone forest nook, how much was taught,
     How much was only hinted, what the youth
     Promised, if promise were required, to do
     Or strive for, what the gifts he bore away--
     Or added powers or blessings--how at last,
     The vision ended and he sought his home,
     How lived there, and how long, and when he passed
     Into the busy world to seek his fate,
     I know not, and if any ever knew,
     The tale hath perished from the earth; for here
     The slender thread on which my song is strung
     Breaks off, and many after years of life
     Are lost to sight, the life to reappear
     Only towards its close--as of a dream
     We catch the end and opening, but forget
     That which had joined them in the dreaming brain;
     Or as a mountain with a belt of mist
     That shows his base, and far above, a peak
     With a blue plume of pines.
                                  But turn the page
     And read the only hints that yet remain.



       Part II


         I

     It is not winter yet, but that sweet time
      In autumn when the first cool days are past;
     A week ago, the leaves were hoar with rime,
      And some have dropped before the North wind's blast;
     But the mild hours are back, and at mid-noon,
     The day hath all the genial warmth of June.

         II

     What slender form lies stretched along the mound?
      Can it be his, the Wanderer's, with that brow
     Gray in its prime, those eyes that wander round
      Listlessly, with a jaded glance that now
     Seems to see nothing where it rests, and then
     Pores on each trivial object in its ken?

         III

     See how a gentle maid's wan fingers clasp
      The last fond love-notes of some faithless hand;
     Thus, with a transient interest, his weak grasp
      Holds a few leaves as when of old he scanned
     The meaning in their gold and crimson streaks;
     But the sweet dream has vanished! hush! he speaks!

         IV

     "Once more, once more, after long pain and toil,
      And yet not long, if I should count by years,
     I breathe my native air, and tread the soil
      I trod in childhood; if I shed no tears,
     No happy tears, 't is that their fount is dry,
     And joy that cannot weep must sigh, must sigh.

         V

     "These leaves, my boyish books in days of yore,
      When, as the weeks sped by, I seemed to stand
     Ever upon the brink of some wild lore--
      These leaves shall make my bed, and--for the hand
     Of God is on me, chilling brain and breath--
     I shall not ask a softer couch in death.

         VI

     "Here was it that I saw, or dreamed I saw,
      I know not which, that shape of love and light.
     Spirit of Song! have I not owned thy law?
      Have I not taught, or striven to teach the right,
     And kept my heart as clean, my life as sweet,
     As mortals may, when mortals mortals meet?

         VII

     "Thou know'st how I went forth, my youthful breast
      On fire with thee, amid the paths of men;
     Once in my wanderings, my lone footsteps pressed
      A mountain forest; in a sombre glen,
     Down which its thundrous boom a cataract flung,
     A little bird, unheeded, built and sung.

         VIII

     "So fell my voice amid the whirl and rush
      Of human passions; if unto my art
     Sorrow hath sometimes owed a gentler gush,
      I know it not; if any Poet-heart
     Hath kindled at my songs its light divine,
     I know it not; no ray came back to mine.

         IX

     "Alone in crowds, once more I sought to make
      Of senseless things my friends; the clouds that burn
     Above the sunset, and the flowers that shake
      Their odors in the wind--these would not turn
     Their faces from me; far from cities, I
     Forgot the scornful world that passed me by.

         X

     "Yet even the world's cold slights I might have borne,
      Nor fled, though sorrowing; but I shrank at last
     When one sweet face, too sweet, I thought, for scorn,
      Looked scornfully upon me; then I passed
     From all that youth had dreamed or manhood planned,
     Into the self that none would understand.

         XI

     "She was--I never wronged her womanhood
      By crowning it with praises not her own--
     She was all earth's, and earth's, too, in that mood
      When she brings forth her fairest; I atone
     Now, in this fading brow and failing frame,
     That such a soul such soul as mine could tame.

         XII

     "Clay to its kindred clay!  I loved, in sooth,
      Too deeply and too purely to be blest;
     With something more of lust and less of truth
      She would have sunk all blushes on my breast;
     And--but I must not blame her--in my ear
     Death whispers! and the end, thank God! draws near!"

         XIII

     Hist! on the perfect silence of the place
      Comes and dies off a sound like far-off rain
     With voices mingled; on the Poet's face
      A shadow, where no shadow should have lain,
     Falls the next moment:  nothing meets his sight,
     Yet something moves betwixt him and the light.

         XIV

     And a voice murmurs, "Wonder not, but hear!
      ME to behold again thou need'st not seek;
     Yet by the dim-felt influence on the air,
      And by the mystic shadow on thy cheek,
     Know, though thou mayst not touch with fleshly hands,
     The genius of thy life beside thee stands!

         XV

     "Unto no fault, O weary-hearted one!
      Unto no fault of man's thou ow'st thy fate;
     All human hearts that beat this earth upon,
      All human thoughts and human passions wait
     Upon the genuine bard, to him belong,
     And help in their own way the Poet's song.

         XVI

     "How blame the world? for the world hast thou wrought?
      Or wast thou but as one who aims to fling
     The weight of some unutterable thought
      Down like a burden? what from questioning
     Too subtly thy own spirit, and to speech
     But half subduing themes beyond the reach

         XVII

     "Of mortal reason; what from living much
      In that dark world of shadows, where the soul
     Wanders bewildered, striving still to clutch
      Yet never clutching once, a shadowy goal,
     Which always flies, and while it flies seems near,
     Thy songs were riddles hard to mortal ear.

         XVIII

     "This was the hidden selfishness that marred
      Thy teachings ever; this the false key-note
     That on such souls as might have loved thee jarred
      Like an unearthly language; thou didst float
     On a strange water; those who stood on land
     Gazed, but they could not leave their beaten strand.

         XIX

     "Your elements were different, and apart--
      The world's and thine--and even in those intense
     And watchful broodings o'er thy inmost heart,
      It was thy own peculiar difference
     That thou didst seek; nor didst thou care to find
     Aught that would bring thee nearer to thy kind.

         XX

     "Not thus the Poet, who in blood and brain
      Would represent his race and speak for all,
     Weaves the bright woof of that impassioned strain
      Which drapes, as if for some high festival
     Of pure delights--whence few of human birth
     May rightly be shut out--the common earth.

         XXI

     "As the same law that moulds a planet, rounds
      A drop of dew, so the great Poet spheres
     Worlds in himself; no selfish limit bounds
      A sympathy that folds all characters,
     All ranks, all passions, and all life almost
     In its wide circle.  Like some noble host,

         XXII

     "He spreads the riches of his soul, and bids
      Partake who will.  Age has its saws of truth,
     And love is for the maiden's drooping lids,
      And words of passion for the earnest youth;
     Wisdom for all; and when it seeks relief,
     Tears, and their solace for the heart of grief.

         XXIII

     "Nor less on him than thee the mysteries
      Within him and about him ever weigh--
     The meanings in the stars, and in the breeze,
      All the weird wonders of the common day,
     Truths that the merest point removes from reach,
     And thoughts that pause upon the brink of speech;

         XXIV

     "But on the surface of his song these lie
      As shadows, not as darkness; and alway,
     Even though it breathe the secrets of the sky,
      There is a human purpose in the lay;
     Thus some tall fir that whispers to the stars
     Shields at its base a cotter's lattice-bars.

         XXV

     "Even such my Poet! for thou still art mine!
      Thou mightst have been, and now have calmly died,
     A priest, and not a victim at the shrine;
      Alas! yet was it all thy fault?  I chide,
     Perchance, myself within thee, and the fate
     To which thy power was solely consecrate.

         XXVI

     "Thy life hath not been wholly without use,
      Albeit that use is partly hidden now;
     In thy unmingled scorn of any truce
      With this world's specious falsehoods, often thou
     Hast uttered, through some all unworldly song,
     Truths that for man might else have slumbered long.

         XXVII

     "And these not always vainly on the crowd
      Have fallen; some are cherished now, and some,
     In mystic phrases wrapped as in a shroud,
      Wait the diviner, who as yet is dumb
     Upon the breast of God--the gate of birth
     Closed on a dreamless ignorance of earth.

         XXVIII

     "And therefore, though thy name shall pass away,
      Even as a cloud that hath wept all its showers,
     Yet as that cloud shall live again one day
      In the glad grass, and in the happy flowers,
     So in thy thoughts, though clothed in sweeter rhymes,
     Thy life shall bear its flowers in future times."



     The Past



     To-day's most trivial act may hold the seed
      Of future fruitfulness, or future dearth;
     Oh, cherish always every word and deed!
      The simplest record of thyself hath worth.

     If thou hast ever slighted one old thought,
      Beware lest Grief enforce the truth at last;
     The time must come wherein thou shalt be taught
      The value and the beauty of the Past.

     Not merely as a warner and a guide,
      "A voice behind thee," sounding to the strife;
     But something never to be put aside,
      A part and parcel of thy present life.

     Not as a distant and a darkened sky,
      Through which the stars peep, and the moon-beams glow;
     But a surrounding atmosphere, whereby
      We live and breathe, sustained in pain and woe.

     A shadowy land, where joy and sorrow kiss,
      Each still to each corrective and relief,
     Where dim delights are brightened into bliss,
      And nothing wholly perishes but Grief.

     Ah, me!--not dies--no more than spirit dies;
      But in a change like death is clothed with wings;
     A serious angel, with entrancèd eyes,
      Looking to far-off and celestial things.



     Dreams



     Who first said "false as dreams"?  Not one who saw
      Into the wild and wondrous world they sway;
     No thinker who hath read their mystic law;
      No Poet who hath weaved them in his lay.

     Else had he known that through the human breast
      Cross and recross a thousand fleeting gleams,
     That, passed unnoticed in the day's unrest,
      Come out at night, like stars, in shining dreams;

     That minds too busy or too dull to mark
      The dim suggestion of the noisier hours,
     By dreams in the deep silence of the dark,
      Are roused at midnight with their folded powers.

     Like that old fount beneath Dodona's oaks,
      That, dry and voiceless in the garish noon,
     When the calm night arose with modest looks,
      Caught with full wave the sparkle of the moon.

     If, now and then, a ghastly shape glide in,
      And fright us with its horrid gloom or glee,
     It is the ghost of some forgotten sin
      We failed to exorcise on bended knee.

     And that sweet face which only yesternight
      Came to thy solace, dreamer (didst thou read
     The blessing in its eyes of tearful light?),
      Was but the spirit of some gentle deed.

     Each has its lesson; for our dreams in sooth,
      Come they in shape of demons, gods, or elves,
     Are allegories with deep hearts of truth
      That tell us solemn secrets of ourselves.



     The Arctic Voyager



     Shall I desist, twice baffled?  Once by land,
     And once by sea, I fought and strove with storms,
     All shades of danger, tides, and weary calms;
     Head-currents, cold and famine, savage beasts,
     And men more savage; all the while my face
     Looked northward toward the pole; if mortal strength
     Could have sustained me, I had never turned
     Till I had seen the star which never sets
     Freeze in the Arctic zenith.  That I failed
     To solve the mysteries of the ice-bound world,
     Was not because I faltered in the quest.
     Witness those pathless forests which conceal
     The bones of perished comrades, that long march,
     Blood-tracked o'er flint and snow, and one dread night
     By Athabasca, when a cherished life
     Flowed to give life to others.  This, and worse,
     I suffered--let it pass--it has not tamed
     My spirit nor the faith which was my strength.
     Despite of waning years, despite the world
     Which doubts, the few who dare, I purpose now--
     A purpose long and thoughtfully resolved,
     Through all its grounds of reasonable hope--
     To seek beyond the ice which guards the Pole,
     A sea of open water; for I hold,
     Not without proofs, that such a sea exists,
     And may be reached, though since this earth was made
     No keel hath ploughed it, and to mortal ear
     No wind hath told its secrets....  With this tide
     I sail; if all be well, this very moon
     Shall see my ship beyond the southern cape
     Of Greenland, and far up the bay through which,
     With diamond spire and gorgeous pinnacle,
     The fleets of winter pass to warmer seas.
     Whether, my hardy shipmates! we shall reach
     Our bourne, and come with tales of wonder back,
     Or whether we shall lose the precious time,
     Locked in thick ice, or whether some strange fate
     Shall end us all, I know not; but I know
     A lofty hope, if earnestly pursued,
     Is its own crown, and never in this life
     Is labor wholly fruitless.  In this faith
     I shall not count the chances--sure that all
     A prudent foresight asks we shall not want,
     And all that bold and patient hearts can do
     Ye will not leave undone.  The rest is God's!



     Dramatic Fragment



     Let the boy have his will!  I tell thee, brother,
     We treat these little ones too much like flowers,
     Training them, in blind selfishness, to deck
     Sticks of our poor setting, when they might,
     If left to clamber where themselves incline,
     Find nobler props to cling to, fitter place,
     And sweeter air to bloom in.  It is wrong--
     Thou striv'st to sow with feelings all thine own,
     With thoughts and hopes, anxieties and aims,
     Born of thine own peculiar self, and fed
     Upon a certain round of circumstance,
     A soul as different and distinct from thine
     As love of goodness is from love of glory,
     Or noble poesy from noble prose.
     I could forgive thee, if thou wast of them
     Who do their fated parts in this world's business,
     Scarce knowing how or why--for common minds
     See not the difference 'twixt themselves and others--
     But thou, thou, with the visions which thy youth did cherish
     Substantialized upon thy regal brow,
     Shouldst boast a deeper insight.  We are born,
     It is my faith, in miniature completeness,
     And like each other only in our weakness.
     Even with our mother's milk upon our lips,
     Our smiles have different meanings, and our hands
     Press with degrees of softness to her bosom.
     It is not change--whatever in the heart
     That wears its semblance, we, in looking back,
     With gratulation or regret, perceive--
     It is not change we undergo, but only
     Growth or development.  Yes! what is childhood
     But after all a sort of golden daylight,
     A beautiful and blessed wealth of sunshine,
     Wherein the powers and passions of the soul
     Sleep starlike but existent, till the night
     Of gathering years shall call the slumbers forth,
     And they rise up in glory?  Early grief,
     A shadow like the darkness of eclipse,
     Hath sometimes waked them sooner.



     The Summer Bower



     It is a place whither I've often gone
     For peace, and found it, secret, hushed, and cool,
     A beautiful recess in neighboring woods.
     Trees of the soberest hues, thick-leaved and tall,
     Arch it o'erhead and column it around,
     Framing a covert, natural and wild,
     Domelike and dim; though nowhere so enclosed
     But that the gentlest breezes reach the spot
     Unwearied and unweakened.  Sound is here
     A transient and unfrequent visitor;
     Yet if the day be calm, not often then,
     Whilst the high pines in one another's arms
     Sleep, you may sometimes with unstartled ear
     Catch the far fall of voices, how remote
     You know not, and you do not care to know.
     The turf is soft and green, but not a flower
     Lights the recess, save one, star-shaped and bright--
     I do not know its name--which here and there
     Gleams like a sapphire set in emerald.
     A narrow opening in the branchëd roof,
     A single one, is large enough to show,
     With that half glimpse a dreamer loves so much,
     The blue air and the blessing of the sky.
     Thither I always bent my idle steps,
     When griefs depressed, or joys disturbed my heart,
     And found the calm I looked for, or returned
     Strong with the quiet rapture in my soul.
                                                But one day,
     One of those July days when winds have fled
     One knows not whither, I, most sick in mind
     With thoughts that shall be nameless, yet, no doubt,
     Wrong, or at least unhealthful, since though dark
     With gloom, and touched with discontent, they had
     No adequate excuse, nor cause, nor end,
     I, with these thoughts, and on this summer day,
     Entered the accustomed haunt, and found for once
     No medicinal virtue.
                           Not a leaf
     Stirred with the whispering welcome which I sought,
     But in a close and humid atmosphere,
     Every fair plant and implicated bough
     Hung lax and lifeless.  Something in the place,
     Its utter stillness, the unusual heat,
     And some more secret influence, I thought,
     Weighed on the sense like sin.  Above I saw,
     Though not a cloud was visible in heaven,
     The pallid sky look through a glazëd mist
     Like a blue eye in death.
                                The change, perhaps,
     Was natural enough; my jaundiced sight,
     The weather, and the time explain it all:
     Yet have I drawn a lesson from the spot,
     And shrined it in these verses for my heart.
     Thenceforth those tranquil precincts I have sought
     Not less, and in all shades of various moods;
     But always shun to desecrate the spot
     By vain repinings, sickly sentiments,
     Or inconclusive sorrows.  Nature, though
     Pure as she was in Eden when her breath
     Kissed the white brow of Eve, doth not refuse,
     In her own way and with a just reserve,
     To sympathize with human suffering;
     But for the pains, the fever, and the fret
     Engendered of a weak, unquiet heart,
     She hath no solace; and who seeks her when
     These be the troubles over which he moans,
     Reads in her unreplying lineaments
     Rebukes, that, to the guilty consciousness,
     Strike like contempt.



     A Rhapsody of a Southern Winter Night



     Oh! dost thou flatter falsely, Hope?
     The day hath scarcely passed that saw thy birth,
     Yet thy white wings are plumed to all their scope,
     And hour by hour thine eyes have gathered light,
        And grown so large and bright,
     That my whole future life unfolds what seems,
        Beneath their gentle beams,
     A path that leads athwart some guiltless earth,
     To which a star is dropping from the night!

                 Not many moons ago,
     But when these leafless beds were all aglow
     With summer's dearest treasures, I
     Was reading in this lonely garden-nook;
     A July noon was cloudless in the sky,
     And soon I put my shallow studies by;
     Then, sick at heart, and angered by the book,
     Which, in good sooth, was but the long-drawn sigh
     Of some one who had quarreled with his kind,
     Vexed at the very proofs which I had sought,
     And all annoyed while all alert to find
     A plausible likeness of my own dark thought,
     I cast me down beneath yon oak's wide boughs,
     And, shielding with both hands my throbbing brows,
     Watched lazily the shadows of my brain.
     The feeble tide of peevishness went down,
     And left a flat dull waste of dreary pain,
     Which seemed to clog the blood in every vein;
     The world, of course, put on its darkest frown--
     In all its realms I saw no mortal crown
     Which did not wound or crush some restless head;
     And hope, and will, and motive, all were dead.
     So, passive as a stone, I felt too low
     To claim a kindred with the humblest flower;
     Even that would bare its bosom to a shower,
     While I henceforth would take no pains to live,
     Nor place myself where I might feel or give
     A single impulse whence a wish could grow.
     There was a tulip scarce a gossamer's throw
     Beyond that platanus.  A little child,
     Most dear to me, looked through the fence and smiled
     A hint that I should pluck it for her sake.
     Ah, me! I trust I was not well awake--
                 The voice was very sweet,
     Yet a faint languor kept me in my seat.
     I saw a pouted lip, a toss, and heard
     Some low expostulating tones, but stirred
     Not even a leaf's length, till the pretty fay,
     Wondering, and half abashed at the wild feat,
     Climbed the low pales, and laughed my gloom away.
     And here again, but led by other powers,
     A morning and a golden afternoon,
     These happy stars, and yonder setting moon,
     Have seen me speed, unreckoned and untasked,
                 A round of precious hours.
     Oh! here, where in that summer noon I basked,
     And strove, with logic frailer than the flowers,
     To justify a life of sensuous rest,
     A question dear as home or heaven was asked,
     And without language answered.  I was blest!
     Blest with those nameless boons too sweet to trust
     Unto the telltale confidence of song.
     Love to his own glad self is sometimes coy,
     And even thus much doth seem to do him wrong;
     While in the fears which chasten mortal joy,
     Is one that shuts the lips, lest speech too free,
     With the cold touch of hard reality,
     Should turn its priceless jewels into dust.
     Since that long kiss which closed the morning's talk,
     I have not strayed beyond this garden walk.
     As yet a vague delight is all I know,
     A sense of joy so wild 't is almost pain,
     And like a trouble drives me to and fro,
     And will not pause to count its own sweet gain.
     I am so happy! that is all my thought.
     To-morrow I will turn it round and round,
     And seek to know its limits and its ground.
     To-morrow I will task my heart to learn
     The duties which shall spring from such a seed,
     And where it must be sown, and how be wrought.
     But oh! this reckless bliss is bliss indeed!
     And for one day I choose to seal the urn
     Wherein is shrined Love's missal and his creed.
     Meantime I give my fancy all it craves;
     Like him who found the West when first he caught
     The light that glittered from the world he sought,
     And furled his sails till Dawn should show the land;
     While in glad dreams he saw the ambient waves
     Go rippling brightly up a golden strand.

     Hath there not been a softer breath at play
     In the long woodland aisles than often sweeps
     At this rough season through their solemn deeps--
     A gentle Ariel sent by gentle May,
                 Who knew it was the morn
                 On which a hope was born,
     To greet the flower e'er it was fully blown,
     And nurse it as some lily of her own?
     And wherefore, save to grace a happy day,
     Did the whole West at blushing sunset glow
     With clouds that, floating up in bridal snow,
     Passed with the festal eve, rose-crowned, away?
     And now, if I may trust my straining sight,
     The heavens appear with added stars to-night,
     And deeper depths, and more celestial height,
     Than hath been reached except in dreams or death.
     Hush, sweetest South!  I love thy delicate breath;
     But hush! methought I felt an angel's kiss!
     Oh! all that lives is happy in my bliss.
     That lonely fir, which always seems
     As though it locked dark secrets in itself,
                 Hideth a gentle elf,
     Whose wand shall send me soon a frolic troop
     Of rainbow visions, and of moonlit dreams.
     Can joy be weary, that my eyelids droop?
     To-night I shall not seek my curtained nest,
                 But even here find rest.
     Who whispered then?  And what are they that peep
     Betwixt the foliage in the tree-top there?
     Come, Fairy Shadows! for the morn is near,
     When to your sombre pine ye all must creep;
     Come, ye wild pilots of the darkness, ere
     My spirit sinks into the gulf of Sleep;
     Even now it circles round and round the deep--
                 Appear!  Appear!



     Flower-Life



     I think that, next to your sweet eyes,
     And pleasant books, and starry skies,
        I love the world of flowers;
     Less for their beauty of a day,
     Than for the tender things they say,
     And for a creed I've held alway,
        That they are sentient powers.

     It may be matter for a smile--
     And I laugh secretly the while
        I speak the fancy out--
     But that they love, and that they woo,
     And that they often marry too,
     And do as noisier creatures do,
        I've not the faintest doubt.

     And so, I cannot deem it right
     To take them from the glad sunlight,
        As I have sometimes dared;
     Though not without an anxious sigh
     Lest this should break some gentle tie,
     Some covenant of friendship, I
        Had better far have spared.

     And when, in wild or thoughtless hours,
     My hand hath crushed the tiniest flowers,
        I ne'er could shut from sight
     The corpses of the tender things,
     With other drear imaginings,
     And little angel-flowers with wings
        Would haunt me through the night.

     Oh! say you, friend, the creed is fraught
     With sad, and even with painful thought,
        Nor could you bear to know
     That such capacities belong
     To creatures helpless against wrong,
     At once too weak to fly the strong
        Or front the feeblest foe?

     So be it always, then, with you;
     So be it--whether false or true--
        I press my faith on none;
     If other fancies please you more,
     The flowers shall blossom as before,
     Dear as the Sibyl-leaves of yore,
        But senseless, every one.

     Yet, though I give you no reply,
     It were not hard to justify
        My creed to partial ears;
     But, conscious of the cruel part,
     My rhymes would flow with faltering art,
     I could not plead against your heart,
        Nor reason with your tears.



     A Summer Shower



             Welcome, rain or tempest
              From yon airy powers,
             We have languished for them
              Many sultry hours,
     And earth is sick and wan, and pines with all her flowers.

             What have they been doing
              In the burning June?
             Riding with the genii?
              Visiting the moon?
     Or sleeping on the ice amid an arctic noon?

             Bring they with them jewels
              From the sunset lands?
             What are these they scatter
              With such lavish hands?
     There are no brighter gems in Raolconda's sands.

             Pattering on the gravel,
              Dropping from the eaves,
             Glancing in the grass, and
              Tinkling on the leaves,
     They flash the liquid pearls as flung from fairy sieves.

             Meanwhile, unreluctant,
              Earth like Danaë lies;
             Listen! is it fancy,
              That beneath us sighs,
     As that warm lap receives the largesse of the skies?

             Jove, it is, descendeth
              In those crystal rills;
             And this world-wide tremor
              Is a pulse that thrills
     To a god's life infused through veins of velvet hills.

             Wait, thou jealous sunshine,
              Break not on their bliss;
             Earth will blush in roses
              Many a day for this,
     And bend a brighter brow beneath thy burning kiss.



     Baby's Age



     She came with April blooms and showers;
     We count her little life by flowers.
     As buds the rose upon her cheek,
     We choose a flower for every week.
     A week of hyacinths, we say,
     And one of heart's-ease, ushered May;
     And then because two wishes met
     Upon the rose and violet--
     I liked the Beauty, Kate, the Nun--
     The violet and the rose count one.
     A week the apple marked with white;
     A week the lily scored in light;
     Red poppies closed May's happy moon,
     And tulips this blue week in June.
     Here end as yet the flowery links;
     To-day begins the week of pinks;
     But soon--so grave, and deep, and wise
     The meaning grows in Baby's eyes,
     So VERY deep for Baby's age--
     We think to date a week with sage!



     The Messenger Rose



     If you have seen a richer glow,
     Pray, tell me where your roses blow!
     Look! coral-leaved! and--mark these spots
     Red staining red in crimson clots,
     Like a sweet lip bitten through
     In a pique.  There, where that hue
     Is spilt in drops, some fairy thing
     Hath gashed the azure of its wing,
     Or thence, perhaps, this very morn,
     Plucked the splinters of a thorn.

     Rose! I make thy bliss my care!
     In my lady's dusky hair
     Thou shalt burn this coming night,
     With even a richer crimson light.
     To requite me thou shalt tell--
     What I might not say as well--
     How I love her; how, in brief,
     On a certain crimson leaf
     In my bosom, is a debt
     Writ in deeper crimson yet.
     If she wonder what it be--
     But she'll guess it, I foresee--
     Tell her that I date it, pray,
     From the first sweet night in May.



     On Pressing Some Flowers



     So, they are dead!  Love! when they passed
      From thee to me, our fingers met;
     O withered darlings of the May!
      I feel those fairy fingers yet.

     And for the bliss ye brought me then,
      Your faded forms are precious things;
     No flowers so fair, no buds so sweet
      Shall bloom through all my future springs.

     And so, pale ones! with hands as soft
      As if I closed a baby's eyes,
     I'll lay you in some favorite book
      Made sacred by a poet's sighs.

     Your lips shall press the sweetest song,
      The sweetest, saddest song I know,
     As ye had perished, in your pride,
      Of some lone bard's melodious woe.

     Oh, Love! hath love no holier shrine!
      Oh, heart! could love but lend the power,
     I'd lay thy crimson pages bare,
      And every leaf should fold its flower.



     1866--Addressed to the Old Year



     Art thou not glad to close
      Thy wearied eyes, O saddest child of Time,
      Eyes which have looked on every mortal crime,
     And swept the piteous round of mortal woes?

     In dark Plutonian caves,
      Beneath the lowest deep, go, hide thy head;
      Or earth thee where the blood that thou hast shed
     May trickle on thee from thy countless graves!

     Take with thee all thy gloom
      And guilt, and all our griefs, save what the breast,
      Without a wrong to some dear shadowy guest,
     May not surrender even to the tomb.

     No tear shall weep thy fall,
      When, as the midnight bell doth toll thy fate,
      Another lifts the sceptre of thy state,
     And sits a monarch in thine ancient hall.

     HIM all the hours attend,
      With a new hope like morning in their eyes;
      Him the fair earth and him these radiant skies
     Hail as their sovereign, welcome as their friend.

     Him, too, the nations wait;
      "O lead us from the shadow of the Past,"
      In a long wail like this December blast,
     They cry, and, crying, grow less desolate.

     How he will shape his sway
      They ask not--for old doubts and fears will cling--
      And yet they trust that, somehow, he will bring
     A sweeter sunshine than thy mildest day.

     Beneath his gentle hand
      They hope to see no meadow, vale, or hill
      Stained with a deeper red than roses spill,
     When some too boisterous zephyr sweeps the land.

     A time of peaceful prayer,
      Of law, love, labor, honest loss and gain--
      These are the visions of the coming reign
     Now floating to them on this wintry air.



     Stanzas:  A Mother Gazes Upon Her Daughter,

     Arrayed for an Approaching Bridal.
     Written in Illustration of a Tableau Vivant



     Is she not lovely!  Oh! when, long ago,
      My own dead mother gazed upon my face,
     As I stood blushing near in bridal snow,
      I had not half her beauty and her grace.

     Yet that fond mother praised, the world caressed,
      And ONE adored me--how shall HE who soon
     Shall wear my gentle flower upon his breast,
      Prize to its utmost worth the priceless boon?

     Shall he not gird her, guard her, make her rich,
      (Not as the world is rich, in outward show,)
     With all the love and watchful kindness which
      A wise and tender manhood may bestow?

     Oh! I shall part from her with many tears,
      My earthly treasure, pure and undefiled!
     And not without a weight of anxious fears
      For the new future of my darling child.

     And yet--for well I know that virgin heart--
      No wifely duty will she leave undone;
     Nor will her love neglect that woman's art
      Which courts and keeps a love already won.

     In no light girlish levity she goes
      Unto the altar where they wait her now,
     But with a thoughtful, prayerful heart that knows
      The solemn purport of a marriage vow.

     And she will keep, with all her soul's deep truth,
      The lightest pledge which binds her love and life;
     And she will be--no less in age than youth
      My noble child will be--a noble wife.

     And he, her lover! husband! what of him?
      Yes, he will shield, I think, my bud from blight!
     Yet griefs will come--enough! my eyes are dim
      With tears I must not shed--at least, to-night.

     Bless thee, my daughter!--Oh! she is so fair!--
      Heaven bend above thee with its starriest skies!
     And make thee truly all thou dost appear
      Unto a lover's and thy mother's eyes!



     Hymn Sung at an Anniversary of the Asylum of Orphans at Charleston



     We scarce, O God! could lisp thy name,
      When those who loved us passed away,
     And left us but thy love to claim,
      With but an infant's strength to pray.

     Thou gav'st that Refuge and that Shrine,
      At which we learn to know thy ways;
     Father! the fatherless are thine!
      Thou wilt not spurn the orphan's praise.

     Yet hear a single cry of pain!
      Lord! whilst we dream in quiet beds,
     The summer sun and winter rain
      Beat still on many homeless heads.

     And o'er this weary earth, we know,
      Young outcasts roam the waste and wave;
     And little hands are clasped in woe
      Above some tender mother's grave.

     Ye winds! keep every storm aloof,
      And kiss away the tears they weep!
     Ye skies, that make their only roof,
      Look gently on their houseless sleep!

     And thou, O Friend and Father! find
      A home to shield their helpless youth!
     Dear hearts to love--sweet ties to bind--
      And guide and guard them in the truth!



     To a Captive Owl



     I should be dumb before thee, feathered sage!
      And gaze upon thy phiz with solemn awe,
     But for a most audacious wish to gauge
      The hoarded wisdom of thy learned craw.

     Art thou, grave bird! so wondrous wise indeed?
      Speak freely, without fear of jest or gibe--
     What is thy moral and religious creed?
      And what the metaphysics of thy tribe?

     A Poet, curious in birds and brutes,
      I do not question thee in idle play;
     What is thy station?  What are thy pursuits?
      Doubtless thou hast thy pleasures--what are THEY?

     Or is 't thy wont to muse and mouse at once,
      Entice thy prey with airs of meditation,
     And with the unvarying habits of a dunce,
      To dine in solemn depths of contemplation?

     There may be much--the world at least says so--
      Behind that ponderous brow and thoughtful gaze;
     Yet such a great philosopher should know,
      It is by no means wise to think always.

     And, Bird, despite thy meditative air,
      I hold thy stock of wit but paltry pelf--
     Thou show'st that same grave aspect everywhere,
      And wouldst look thoughtful, stuffed, upon a shelf.

     I grieve to be so plain, renownëd Bird--
      Thy fame 's a flam, and thou an empty fowl;
     And what is more, upon a Poet's word
      I'd say as much, wert thou Minerva's owl.

     So doff th' imposture of those heavy brows;
      They do not serve to hide thy instincts base--
     And if thou must be sometimes munching MOUSE,
      Munch it, O Owl! with less profound a face.



     Love's Logic



     And if I ask thee for a kiss,
      I ask no more than this sweet breeze,
     With far less title to the bliss,
      Steals every minute at his ease.
     And yet how placid is thy brow!
      It seems to woo the bold caress,
     While now he takes his kiss, and now
      All sorts of freedoms with thy dress.

     Or if I dare thy hand to touch,
      Hath nothing pressed its palm before?
     A flower, I'm sure, hath done as much,
      And ah! some senseless diamond more.
     It strikes me, love, the very rings,
      Now sparkling on that hand of thine,
     Could tell some truly startling things,
      If they had tongues or touch like mine.

     Indeed, indeed, I do not know
      Of all that thou hast power to grant,
     A boon for which I could not show
      Some pretty precedent extant.
     Suppose, for instance, I should clasp
      Thus,--so,--and thus!--thy slender waist--
     I would not hold within my grasp
      More than this loosened zone embraced.

     Oh! put the anger from thine eyes,
      Or shut them if they still must frown;
     Those lids, despite yon garish skies,
      Can bring a timely darkness down.
     Then, if in that convenient night,
      My lips should press thy dewy mouth,
     The touch shall be so soft, so light,
      Thou 'lt fancy me--this gentle South.



     Second Love



     Could I reveal the secret joy
      Thy presence always with it brings,
     The memories so strangely waked
      Of long forgotten things,

     The love, the hope, the fear, the grief,
      Which with that voice come back to me,--
     Thou wouldst forgive the impassioned gaze
      So often turned on thee.

     It was, indeed, that early love,
      But foretaste of this second one,--
     The soft light of the morning star
      Before the morning sun.

     The same dark beauty in her eyes,
      The same blonde hair and placid brow,
     The same deep-meaning, quiet smile
      Thou bendest on me now,

     She might have been, she WAS no more
      Than what a prescient hope could make,--
     A dear presentiment of thee
      I loved but for thy sake.



     Hymn Sung at the Consecration of Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, S.C.



     Whose was the hand that painted thee, O Death!
      In the false aspect of a ruthless foe,
     Despair and sorrow waiting on thy breath--
      O gentle Power! who could have wronged thee so?

     Thou rather shouldst be crowned with fadeless flowers,
      Of lasting fragrance and celestial hue;
     Or be thy couch amid funereal bowers,
      But let the stars and sunlight sparkle through.

     So, with these thoughts before us, we have fixed
      And beautified, O Death! thy mansion here,
     Where gloom and gladness--grave and garden--mixed,
      Make it a place to love, and not to fear.

     Heaven! shed thy most propitious dews around!
      Ye holy stars! look down with tender eyes,
     And gild and guard and consecrate the ground
      Where we may rest, and whence we pray to rise.



     Hymn Sung at a Sacred Concert at Columbia, S.C.



         I

     Faint falls the gentle voice of prayer
     In the wild sounds that fill the air,
     Yet, Lord, we know that voice is heard,
     Not less than if Thy throne it stirred.

         II

     Thine ear, thou tender One, is caught,
     If we but bend the knee in thought;
     No choral song that shakes the sky
     Floats farther than the Christian's sigh.

         III

     Not all the darkness of the land
     Can hide the lifted eye and hand;
     Nor need the clanging conflict cease,
     To make Thee hear our cries for peace.



     Lines to R. L.



     That which we are and shall be is made up
     Of what we have been.  On the autumn leaf
     The crimson stains bear witness of its spring;
     And, on its perfect nodes, the ocean shell
     Notches the slow, strange changes of its growth.
     Ourselves are our own records; if we looked
     Rightly into that blotted crimson page
     Within our bosoms, then there were no need
     To chronicle our stories; for the heart
     Hath, like the earth, its strata, and contains
     Its past within its present.  Well for us,
     And our most cherished secrets, that within
     The round of being few there are who read
     Beneath the surface.  Else our very forms,
     The merest gesture of our hands, might tell
     Much we would hide forever.  Know you not
     Those eyes, in whose dark heaven I have gazed
     More curiously than on my favorite stars,
     Are deeper for such griefs as they have seen,
     And brighter for the fancies they have shrined,
     And sweeter for the loves which they have talked?
     Oh! that I had the power to read their smiles,
     Or sound the depth of all their glorious gloom.
     So should I learn your history from its birth,
     Through all its glad and grave experiences,
     Better than if--(your journal in my hand,
     Written as only women write, with all
     A woman's shades and shapes of feeling, traced
     As with the fine touch of a needle's point)--
     I followed you from that bright hour when first
     I saw you in the garden 'mid the flowers,
     To that wherein a letter from your hand
     Made me all rich with the dear name of friend.



     To Whom?



     Awake upon a couch of pain,
      I see a star betwixt the trees;
     Across yon darkening field of cane,
      Comes slow and soft the evening breeze.
     My curtain's folds are faintly stirred;
      And moving lightly in her rest,
     I hear the chirrup of a bird,
      That dreameth in some neighboring nest.

     Last night I took no note of these--
      How it was passed I scarce can say;
     'T was not in prayers to Heaven for ease,
      'T was not in wishes for the day.
     Impatient tears, and passionate sighs,
      Touched as with fire the pulse of pain,--
     I cursed, and cursed the wildering eyes
      That burned this fever in my brain.

     Oh! blessings on the quiet hour!
      My thoughts in calmer current flow;
     She is not conscious of her power,
      And hath no knowledge of my woe.
     Perhaps, if like yon peaceful star,
      She looked upon my burning brow,
     She would not pity from afar,
      But kiss me as the breeze does now.



     To Thee



     Draw close the lattice and the door!
      Shut out the very stars above!
     No other eyes than mine shall pore
      Upon this thrilling tale of love.
     As, since the book was open last,
      Along its dear and sacred text
     No other eyes than thine have passed--
      Be mine the eyes that trace it next!

     Oh! very nobly is it wrought,--
      This web of love's divinest light,--
     But not to feed my soul with thought,
      Hang I upon the book to-night;
     I read it only for thy sake,
      To every page my lips I press--
     The very leaves appear to make
      A silken rustle like thy dress.

     And so, as each blest page I turn,
      I seem, with many a secret thrill,
     To touch a soft white hand, and burn
      To clasp and kiss it at my will.
     Oh! if a fancy be so sweet,
      These shadowy fingers touching mine--
     How wildly would my pulses beat,
      If they COULD feel the beat of thine!



     Storm and Calm



     Sweet are these kisses of the South,
     As dropped from woman's rosiest mouth,
     And tenderer are those azure skies
     Than this world's tenderest pair of eyes!

     But ah! beneath such influence
     Thought is too often lost in Sense;
     And Action, faltering as we thrill,
     Sinks in the unnerved arms of Will.

     Awake, thou stormy North, and blast
     The subtle spells around us cast;
     Beat from our limbs these flowery chains
     With the sharp scourges of thy rains!

     Bring with thee from thy Polar cave
     All the wild songs of wind and wave,
     Of toppling berg and grinding floe,
     And the dread avalanche of snow!

     Wrap us in Arctic night and clouds!
     Yell like a fiend amid the shrouds
     Of some slow-sinking vessel, when
     He hears the shrieks of drowning men!

     Blend in thy mighty voice whate'er
     Of danger, terror, and despair
     Thou hast encountered in thy sweep
     Across the land and o'er the deep.

     Pour in our ears all notes of woe,
     That, as these very moments flow,
     Rise like a harsh discordant psalm,
     While we lie here in tropic calm.

     Sting our weak hearts with bitter shame,
     Bear us along with thee like flame;
     And prove that even to destroy
     More God-like may be than to toy
     And rust or rot in idle joy!



     Retirement



     My gentle friend! I hold no creed so false
     As that which dares to teach that we are born
     For battle only, and that in this life
     The soul, if it would burn with starlike power,
     Must needs forsooth be kindled by the sparks
     Struck from the shock of clashing human hearts.
     There is a wisdom that grows up in strife,
     And one--I like it best--that sits at home
     And learns its lessons of a thoughtful ease.
     So come! a lonely house awaits thee!--there
     Nor praise, nor blame shall reach us, save what love
     Of knowledge for itself shall wake at times
     In our own bosoms; come! and we will build
     A wall of quiet thought, and gentle books,
     Betwixt us and the hard and bitter world.
     Sometimes--for we need not be anchorites--
     A distant friend shall cheer us through the Post,
     Or some Gazette--of course no partisan--
     Shall bring us pleasant news of pleasant things;
     Then, twisted into graceful allumettes,
     Each ancient joke shall blaze with genuine flame
     To light our pipes and candles; but to wars,
     Whether of words or weapons, we shall be
     Deaf--so we twain shall pass away the time
     Ev'n as a pair of happy lovers, who,
     Alone, within some quiet garden-nook,
     With a clear night of stars above their heads,
     Just hear, betwixt their kisses and their talk,
     The tumult of a tempest rolling through
     A chain of neighboring mountains; they awhile
     Pause to admire a flash that only shows
     The smile upon their faces, but, full soon,
     Turn with a quick, glad impulse, and perhaps
     A conscious wile that brings them closer yet,
     To dally with their own fond hearts, and play
     With the sweet flowers that blossom at their feet.



     A Common Thought



     Somewhere on this earthly planet
      In the dust of flowers to be,
     In the dewdrop, in the sunshine,
      Sleeps a solemn day for me.

     At this wakeful hour of midnight
      I behold it dawn in mist,
     And I hear a sound of sobbing
      Through the darkness--hist! oh, hist!

     In a dim and murky chamber,
      I am breathing life away;
     Some one draws a curtain softly,
      And I watch the broadening day.

     As it purples in the zenith,
      As it brightens on the lawn,
     There's a hush of death about me,
      And a whisper, "He is gone!"



     POEMS WRITTEN IN WAR TIMES



     Carolina



         I

     The despot treads thy sacred sands,
     Thy pines give shelter to his bands,
     Thy sons stand by with idle hands,
                         Carolina!
     He breathes at ease thy airs of balm,
     He scorns the lances of thy palm;
     Oh! who shall break thy craven calm,
                         Carolina!
     Thy ancient fame is growing dim,
     A spot is on thy garment's rim;
     Give to the winds thy battle hymn,
                         Carolina!

         II

     Call on thy children of the hill,
     Wake swamp and river, coast and rill,
     Rouse all thy strength and all thy skill,
                         Carolina!
     Cite wealth and science, trade and art,
     Touch with thy fire the cautious mart,
     And pour thee through the people's heart,
                         Carolina!
     Till even the coward spurns his fears,
     And all thy fields and fens and meres
     Shall bristle like thy palm with spears,
                         Carolina!

         III

     Hold up the glories of thy dead;
     Say how thy elder children bled,
     And point to Eutaw's battle-bed,
                         Carolina!
     Tell how the patriot's soul was tried,
     And what his dauntless breast defied;
     How Rutledge ruled and Laurens died,
                         Carolina!
     Cry! till thy summons, heard at last,
     Shall fall like Marion's bugle-blast
     Re-echoed from the haunted Past,
                         Carolina!

         IV

     I hear a murmur as of waves
     That grope their way through sunless caves,
     Like bodies struggling in their graves,
                         Carolina!
     And now it deepens; slow and grand
     It swells, as, rolling to the land,
     An ocean broke upon thy strand,
                         Carolina!
     Shout! let it reach the startled Huns!
     And roar with all thy festal guns!
     It is the answer of thy sons,
                         Carolina!

         V

     They will not wait to hear thee call;
     From Sachem's Head to Sumter's wall
     Resounds the voice of hut and hall,
                         Carolina!
     No! thou hast not a stain, they say,
     Or none save what the battle-day
     Shall wash in seas of blood away,
                         Carolina!
     Thy skirts indeed the foe may part,
     Thy robe be pierced with sword and dart,
     They shall not touch thy noble heart,
                         Carolina!

         VI

     Ere thou shalt own the tyrant's thrall
     Ten times ten thousand men must fall;
     Thy corpse may hearken to his call,
                         Carolina!
     When, by thy bier, in mournful throngs
     The women chant thy mortal wrongs,
     'T will be their own funereal songs,
                         Carolina!
     From thy dead breast by ruffians trod
     No helpless child shall look to God;
     All shall be safe beneath thy sod,
                         Carolina!

         VII

     Girt with such wills to do and bear,
     Assured in right, and mailed in prayer,
     Thou wilt not bow thee to despair,
                         Carolina!
     Throw thy bold banner to the breeze!
     Front with thy ranks the threatening seas
     Like thine own proud armorial trees,
                         Carolina!
     Fling down thy gauntlet to the Huns,
     And roar the challenge from thy guns;
     Then leave the future to thy sons,
                         Carolina!



     A Cry to Arms



     Ho! woodsmen of the mountain side!
      Ho! dwellers in the vales!
     Ho! ye who by the chafing tide
      Have roughened in the gales!
     Leave barn and byre, leave kin and cot,
      Lay by the bloodless spade;
     Let desk, and case, and counter rot,
      And burn your books of trade.

     The despot roves your fairest lands;
      And till he flies or fears,
     Your fields must grow but armèd bands,
      Your sheaves be sheaves of spears!
     Give up to mildew and to rust
      The useless tools of gain;
     And feed your country's sacred dust
      With floods of crimson rain!

     Come, with the weapons at your call--
      With musket, pike, or knife;
     He wields the deadliest blade of all
      Who lightest holds his life.
     The arm that drives its unbought blows
      With all a patriot's scorn,
     Might brain a tyrant with a rose,
      Or stab him with a thorn.

     Does any falter? let him turn
      To some brave maiden's eyes,
     And catch the holy fires that burn
      In those sublunar skies.
     Oh! could you like your women feel,
      And in their spirit march,
     A day might see your lines of steel
      Beneath the victor's arch.

     What hope, O God! would not grow warm
      When thoughts like these give cheer?
     The Lily calmly braves the storm,
      And shall the Palm-tree fear?
     No! rather let its branches court
      The rack that sweeps the plain;
     And from the Lily's regal port
      Learn how to breast the strain!

     Ho! woodsmen of the mountain side!
      Ho! dwellers in the vales!
     Ho! ye who by the roaring tide
      Have roughened in the gales!
     Come! flocking gayly to the fight,
      From forest, hill, and lake;
     We battle for our Country's right,
      And for the Lily's sake!



     Charleston



     Calm as that second summer which precedes
      The first fall of the snow,
     In the broad sunlight of heroic deeds,
      The City bides the foe.

     As yet, behind their ramparts stern and proud,
      Her bolted thunders sleep--
     Dark Sumter, like a battlemented cloud,
      Looms o'er the solemn deep.

     No Calpe frowns from lofty cliff or scar
      To guard the holy strand;
     But Moultrie holds in leash her dogs of war
      Above the level sand.

     And down the dunes a thousand guns lie couched,
      Unseen, beside the flood--
     Like tigers in some Orient jungle crouched
      That wait and watch for blood.

     Meanwhile, through streets still echoing with trade,
      Walk grave and thoughtful men,
     Whose hands may one day wield the patriot's blade
      As lightly as the pen.

     And maidens, with such eyes as would grow dim
      Over a bleeding hound,
     Seem each one to have caught the strength of him
      Whose sword she sadly bound.

     Thus girt without and garrisoned at home,
      Day patient following day,
     Old Charleston looks from roof, and spire, and dome,
      Across her tranquil bay.

     Ships, through a hundred foes, from Saxon lands
      And spicy Indian ports,
     Bring Saxon steel and iron to her hands,
      And Summer to her courts.

     But still, along yon dim Atlantic line,
      The only hostile smoke
     Creeps like a harmless mist above the brine,
      From some frail, floating oak.

     Shall the Spring dawn, and she still clad in smiles,
      And with an unscathed brow,
     Rest in the strong arms of her palm-crowned isles,
      As fair and free as now?

     We know not; in the temple of the Fates
      God has inscribed her doom;
     And, all untroubled in her faith, she waits
      The triumph or the tomb.



     Ripley



     Rich in red honors, that upon him lie
      As lightly as the Summer dews
     Fall where he won his fame beneath the sky
      Of tropic Vera Cruz;

     Bold scorner of the cant that has its birth
      In feeble or in failing powers;
     A lover of all frank and genial mirth
      That wreathes the sword with flowers;

     He moves amid the warriors of the day,
      Just such a soldier as the art
     That builds its trophies upon human clay
      Moulds of a cheerful heart.

     I see him in the battle that shall shake,
      Ere long, old Sumter's haughty crown,
     And from their dreams of peaceful traffic wake
      The wharves of yonder town;

     As calm as one would greet a pleasant guest,
      And quaff a cup to love and life,
     He hurls his deadliest thunders with a jest,
      And laughs amid the strife.

     Yet not the gravest soldier of them all
      Surveys a field with broader scope;
     And who behind that sea-encircled wall
      Fights with a loftier hope?

     Gay Chieftain! on the crimson rolls of Fame
      Thy deeds are written with the sword;
     But there are gentler thoughts which, with thy name,
      Thy country's page shall hoard.

     A nature of that rare and happy cast
      Which looks, unsteeled, on murder's face;
     Through what dark scenes of bloodshed hast thou passed,
      Yet lost no social grace?

     So, when the bard depicts thee, thou shalt wield
      The weapon of a tyrant's doom,
     Round which, inscribed with many a well-fought field,
      The rose of joy shall bloom.



     Ethnogenesis

     Written During the Meeting of the First Southern Congress,
     at Montgomery, February, 1861



         I

     Hath not the morning dawned with added light?
     And shall not evening call another star
     Out of the infinite regions of the night,
     To mark this day in Heaven?  At last, we are
     A nation among nations; and the world
     Shall soon behold in many a distant port
         Another flag unfurled!
     Now, come what may, whose favor need we court?
     And, under God, whose thunder need we fear?
         Thank Him who placed us here
     Beneath so kind a sky--the very sun
     Takes part with us; and on our errands run
     All breezes of the ocean; dew and rain
     Do noiseless battle for us; and the Year,
     And all the gentle daughters in her train,
     March in our ranks, and in our service wield
         Long spears of golden grain!
     A yellow blossom as her fairy shield,
     June flings her azure banner to the wind,
      While in the order of their birth
     Her sisters pass, and many an ample field
     Grows white beneath their steps, till now, behold,
         Its endless sheets unfold
     THE SNOW OF SOUTHERN SUMMERS!  Let the earth
     Rejoice! beneath those fleeces soft and warm
         Our happy land shall sleep
         In a repose as deep
      As if we lay intrenched behind
     Whole leagues of Russian ice and Arctic storm!

         II

     And what if, mad with wrongs themselves have wrought,
         In their own treachery caught,
         By their own fears made bold,
         And leagued with him of old,
     Who long since in the limits of the North
     Set up his evil throne, and warred with God--
     What if, both mad and blinded in their rage,
     Our foes should fling us down their mortal gage,
     And with a hostile step profane our sod!
     We shall not shrink, my brothers, but go forth
     To meet them, marshaled by the Lord of Hosts,
     And overshadowed by the mighty ghosts
     Of Moultrie and of Eutaw--who shall foil
     Auxiliars such as these?  Nor these alone,
         But every stock and stone
         Shall help us; but the very soil,
     And all the generous wealth it gives to toil,
     And all for which we love our noble land,
     Shall fight beside, and through us; sea and strand,
         The heart of woman, and her hand,
     Tree, fruit, and flower, and every influence,
         Gentle, or grave, or grand;
         The winds in our defence
     Shall seem to blow; to us the hills shall lend
         Their firmness and their calm;
     And in our stiffened sinews we shall blend
         The strength of pine and palm!

         III

     Nor would we shun the battle-ground,
         Though weak as we are strong;
     Call up the clashing elements around,
         And test the right and wrong!
     On one side, creeds that dare to teach
     What Christ and Paul refrained to preach;
     Codes built upon a broken pledge,
     And Charity that whets a poniard's edge;
     Fair schemes that leave the neighboring poor
     To starve and shiver at the schemer's door,
     While in the world's most liberal ranks enrolled,
     He turns some vast philanthropy to gold;
     Religion, taking every mortal form
     But that a pure and Christian faith makes warm,
     Where not to vile fanatic passion urged,
     Or not in vague philosophies submerged,
     Repulsive with all Pharisaic leaven,
     And making laws to stay the laws of Heaven!
     And on the other, scorn of sordid gain,
     Unblemished honor, truth without a stain,
     Faith, justice, reverence, charitable wealth,
     And, for the poor and humble, laws which give,
     Not the mean right to buy the right to live,
         But life, and home, and health!
     To doubt the end were want of trust in God,
         Who, if he has decreed
      That we must pass a redder sea
     Than that which rang to Miriam's holy glee,
         Will surely raise at need
         A Moses with his rod!

         IV

     But let our fears--if fears we have--be still,
     And turn us to the future!  Could we climb
     Some mighty Alp, and view the coming time,
     The rapturous sight would fill
         Our eyes with happy tears!
     Not only for the glories which the years
     Shall bring us; not for lands from sea to sea,
     And wealth, and power, and peace, though these shall be;
     But for the distant peoples we shall bless,
     And the hushed murmurs of a world's distress:
     For, to give labor to the poor,
         The whole sad planet o'er,
     And save from want and crime the humblest door,
     Is one among the many ends for which
         God makes us great and rich!
     The hour perchance is not yet wholly ripe
     When all shall own it, but the type
     Whereby we shall be known in every land
     Is that vast gulf which lips our Southern strand,
     And through the cold, untempered ocean pours
     Its genial streams, that far off Arctic shores
     May sometimes catch upon the softened breeze
     Strange tropic warmth and hints of summer seas.



     Carmen Triumphale



     Go forth and bid the land rejoice,
      Yet not too gladly, O my song!
      Breathe softly, as if mirth would wrong
     The solemn rapture of thy voice.

     Be nothing lightly done or said
      This happy day!  Our joy should flow
      Accordant with the lofty woe
     That wails above the noble dead.

     Let him whose brow and breast were calm
      While yet the battle lay with God,
      Look down upon the crimson sod
     And gravely wear his mournful palm;

     And him, whose heart still weak from fear
      Beats all too gayly for the time,
      Know that intemperate glee is crime
     While one dead hero claims a tear.

     Yet go thou forth, my song! and thrill,
      With sober joy, the troubled days;
      A nation's hymn of grateful praise
     May not be hushed for private ill.

     Our foes are fallen!  Flash, ye wires!
      The mighty tidings far and nigh!
      Ye cities! write them on the sky
     In purple and in emerald fires!

     They came with many a haughty boast;
      Their threats were heard on every breeze;
      They darkened half the neighboring seas;
     And swooped like vultures on the coast.

     False recreants in all knightly strife,
      Their way was wet with woman's tears;
      Behind them flamed the toil of years,
     And bloodshed stained the sheaves of life.

     They fought as tyrants fight, or slaves;
      God gave the dastards to our hands;
      Their bones are bleaching on the sands,
     Or mouldering slow in shallow graves.

     What though we hear about our path
      The heavens with howls of vengeance rent?
      The venom of their hate is spent;
     We need not heed their fangless wrath.

     Meantime the stream they strove to chain
      Now drinks a thousand springs, and sweeps
      With broadening breast, and mightier deeps,
     And rushes onward to the main;

     While down the swelling current glides
      Our Ship of State before the blast,
      With streamers poured from every mast,
     Her thunders roaring from her sides.

     Lord! bid the frenzied tempest cease,
      Hang out thy rainbow on the sea!
      Laugh round her, waves! in silver glee,
     And speed her to the port of peace!



     The Unknown Dead



     The rain is plashing on my sill,
     But all the winds of Heaven are still;
     And so it falls with that dull sound
     Which thrills us in the church-yard ground,
     When the first spadeful drops like lead
     Upon the coffin of the dead.
     Beyond my streaming window-pane,
     I cannot see the neighboring vane,
     Yet from its old familiar tower
     The bell comes, muffled, through the shower.
     What strange and unsuspected link
     Of feeling touched, has made me think--
     While with a vacant soul and eye
     I watch that gray and stony sky--
     Of nameless graves on battle-plains
     Washed by a single winter's rains,
     Where, some beneath Virginian hills,
     And some by green Atlantic rills,
     Some by the waters of the West,
     A myriad unknown heroes rest.
     Ah! not the chiefs, who, dying, see
     Their flags in front of victory,
     Or, at their life-blood's noble cost
     Pay for a battle nobly lost,
     Claim from their monumental beds
     The bitterest tears a nation sheds.

     Beneath yon lonely mound--the spot
     By all save some fond few forgot--
     Lie the true martyrs of the fight
     Which strikes for freedom and for right.
     Of them, their patriot zeal and pride,
     The lofty faith that with them died,
     No grateful page shall farther tell
     Than that so many bravely fell;
     And we can only dimly guess
     What worlds of all this world's distress,
     What utter woe, despair, and dearth,
     Their fate has brought to many a hearth.
     Just such a sky as this should weep
     Above them, always, where they sleep;
     Yet, haply, at this very hour,
     Their graves are like a lover's bower;
     And Nature's self, with eyes unwet,
     Oblivious of the crimson debt
     To which she owes her April grace,
     Laughs gayly o'er their burial-place.



     The Two Armies



     Two armies stand enrolled beneath
     The banner with the starry wreath;
     One, facing battle, blight and blast,
     Through twice a hundred fields has passed;
     Its deeds against a ruffian foe,
     Stream, valley, hill, and mountain know,
     Till every wind that sweeps the land
     Goes, glory laden, from the strand.

     The other, with a narrower scope,
     Yet led by not less grand a hope,
     Hath won, perhaps, as proud a place,
     And wears its fame with meeker grace.
     Wives march beneath its glittering sign,
     Fond mothers swell the lovely line,
     And many a sweetheart hides her blush
     In the young patriot's generous flush.

     No breeze of battle ever fanned
     The colors of that tender band;
     Its office is beside the bed,
     Where throbs some sick or wounded head.
     It does not court the soldier's tomb,
     But plies the needle and the loom;
     And, by a thousand peaceful deeds,
     Supplies a struggling nation's needs.

     Nor is that army's gentle might
     Unfelt amid the deadly fight;
     It nerves the son's, the husband's hand,
     It points the lover's fearless brand;
     It thrills the languid, warms the cold,
     Gives even new courage to the bold;
     And sometimes lifts the veriest clod
     To its own lofty trust in God.

     When Heaven shall blow the trump of peace,
     And bid this weary warfare cease,
     Their several missions nobly done,
     The triumph grasped, and freedom won,
     Both armies, from their toils at rest,
     Alike may claim the victor's crest,
     But each shall see its dearest prize
     Gleam softly from the other's eyes.



     Christmas



         How grace this hallowed day?
     Shall happy bells, from yonder ancient spire,
     Send their glad greetings to each Christmas fire
         Round which the children play?

         Alas! for many a moon,
     That tongueless tower hath cleaved the Sabbath air,
     Mute as an obelisk of ice, aglare
         Beneath an Arctic noon.

         Shame to the foes that drown
     Our psalms of worship with their impious drum,
     The sweetest chimes in all the land lie dumb
         In some far rustic town.

         There, let us think, they keep,
     Of the dead Yules which here beside the sea
     They've ushered in with old-world, English glee,
         Some echoes in their sleep.

         How shall we grace the day?
     With feast, and song, and dance, and antique sports,
     And shout of happy children in the courts,
         And tales of ghost and fay?

         Is there indeed a door,
     Where the old pastimes, with their lawful noise,
     And all the merry round of Christmas joys,
         Could enter as of yore?

         Would not some pallid face
     Look in upon the banquet, calling up
     Dread shapes of battles in the wassail cup,
         And trouble all the place?

         How could we bear the mirth,
     While some loved reveler of a year ago
     Keeps his mute Christmas now beneath the snow,
         In cold Virginian earth?

         How shall we grace the day?
     Ah! let the thought that on this holy morn
     The Prince of Peace--the Prince of Peace was born,
         Employ us, while we pray!

         Pray for the peace which long
     Hath left this tortured land, and haply now
     Holds its white court on some far mountain's brow,
         There hardly safe from wrong!

         Let every sacred fane
     Call its sad votaries to the shrine of God,
     And, with the cloister and the tented sod,
         Join in one solemn strain!

         With pomp of Roman form,
     With the grave ritual brought from England's shore,
     And with the simple faith which asks no more
         Than that the heart be warm!

         He, who, till time shall cease,
     Will watch that earth, where once, not all in vain,
     He died to give us peace, may not disdain
         A prayer whose theme is--peace.

         Perhaps ere yet the Spring
     Hath died into the Summer, over all
     The land, the peace of His vast love shall fall,
         Like some protecting wing.

         Oh, ponder what it means!
     Oh, turn the rapturous thought in every way!
     Oh, give the vision and the fancy play,
         And shape the coming scenes!

         Peace in the quiet dales,
     Made rankly fertile by the blood of men,
     Peace in the woodland, and the lonely glen,
         Peace in the peopled vales!

         Peace in the crowded town,
     Peace in a thousand fields of waving grain,
     Peace in the highway and the flowery lane,
         Peace on the wind-swept down!

         Peace on the farthest seas,
     Peace in our sheltered bays and ample streams,
     Peace wheresoe'er our starry garland gleams,
         And peace in every breeze!

         Peace on the whirring marts,
     Peace where the scholar thinks, the hunter roams,
     Peace, God of Peace! peace, peace, in all our homes,
         And peace in all our hearts!



     Ode Sung on the Occasion of Decorating the Graves of the Confederate Dead,

     at Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, S.C., 1867



         I

     Sleep sweetly in your humble graves,
      Sleep, martyrs of a fallen cause;
     Though yet no marble column craves
      The pilgrim here to pause.

         II

     In seeds of laurel in the earth
      The blossom of your fame is blown,
     And somewhere, waiting for its birth,
      The shaft is in the stone!

         III

     Meanwhile, behalf the tardy years
      Which keep in trust your storied tombs,
     Behold! your sisters bring their tears,
      And these memorial blooms.

         IV

     Small tributes! but your shades will smile
      More proudly on these wreaths to-day,
     Than when some cannon-moulded pile
      Shall overlook this bay.

         V

     Stoop, angels, hither from the skies!
      There is no holier spot of ground
     Than where defeated valor lies,
      By mourning beauty crowned!



     SONNETS



        I    "Poet! If on a Lasting Fame Be Bent"



     Poet! if on a lasting fame be bent
     Thy unperturbing hopes, thou will not roam
     Too far from thine own happy heart and home;
     Cling to the lowly earth, and be content!
     So shall thy name be dear to many a heart;
     So shall the noblest truths by thee be taught;
     The flower and fruit of wholesome human thought
     Bless the sweet labors of thy gentle art.
     The brightest stars are nearest to the earth,
     And we may track the mighty sun above,
     Even by the shadow of a slender flower.
     Always, O bard, humility is power!
     And thou mayst draw from matters of the hearth
     Truths wide as nations, and as deep as love.



       II    "Most Men Know Love But as a Part of Life"



     Most men know love but as a part of life;
     They hide it in some corner of the breast,
     Even from themselves; and only when they rest
     In the brief pauses of that daily strife,
     Wherewith the world might else be not so rife,
     They draw it forth (as one draws forth a toy
     To soothe some ardent, kiss-exacting boy)
     And hold it up to sister, child, or wife.
     Ah me! why may not love and life be one?
     Why walk we thus alone, when by our side,
     Love, like a visible God, might be our guide?
     How would the marts grow noble! and the street,
     Worn like a dungeon-floor by weary feet,
     Seem then a golden court-way of the Sun!



      III    "Life Ever Seems as from Its Present Site"



     Life ever seems as from its present site
     It aimed to lure us.  Mountains of the past
     It melts, with all their crags and caverns vast,
     Into a purple cloud!  Across the night
     Which hides what is to be, it shoots a light
     All rosy with the yet unrisen dawn.
     Not the near daisies, but yon distant height
     Attracts us, lying on this emerald lawn.
     And always, be the landscape what it may--
     Blue, misty hill or sweep of glimmering plain--
     It is the eye's endeavor still to gain
     The fine, faint limit of the bounding day.
     God, haply, in this mystic mode, would fain
     Hint of a happier home, far, far away!



       IV    "They Dub Thee Idler, Smiling Sneeringly"



     They dub thee idler, smiling sneeringly,
     And why? because, forsooth, so many moons,
     Here dwelling voiceless by the voiceful sea,
     Thou hast not set thy thoughts to paltry tunes
     In song or sonnet.  Them these golden noons
     Oppress not with their beauty; they could prate,
     Even while a prophet read the solemn runes
     On which is hanging some imperial fate.
     How know they, these good gossips, what to thee
     The ocean and its wanderers may have brought?
     How know they, in their busy vacancy,
     With what far aim thy spirit may be fraught?
     Or that thou dost not bow thee silently
     Before some great unutterable thought?



        V    "Some Truths There Be Are Better Left Unsaid"



     Some truths there be are better left unsaid;
     Much is there that we may not speak unblamed.
     On words, as wings, how many joys have fled!
     The jealous fairies love not to be named.
     There is an old-world tale of one whose bed
     A genius graced, to all, save him, unknown;
     One day the secret passed his lips, and sped
     As secrets speed--thenceforth he slept alone.
     Too much, oh! far too much is told in books;
     Too broad a daylight wraps us all and each.
     Ah! it is well that, deeper than our looks,
     Some secrets lie beyond conjecture's reach.
     Ah! it is well that in the soul are nooks
     That will not open to the keys of speech.



       VI    "I Scarcely Grieve, O Nature! at the Lot"



     I scarcely grieve, O Nature! at the lot
     That pent my life within a city's bounds,
     And shut me from thy sweetest sights and sounds.
     Perhaps I had not learned, if some lone cot
     Had nursed a dreamy childhood, what the mart
     Taught me amid its turmoil; so my youth
     Had missed full many a stern but wholesome truth.
     Here, too, O Nature! in this haunt of Art,
     Thy power is on me, and I own thy thrall.
     There is no unimpressive spot on earth!
     The beauty of the stars is over all,
     And Day and Darkness visit every hearth.
     Clouds do not scorn us:  yonder factory's smoke
     Looked like a golden mist when morning broke.



      VII    "Grief Dies Like Joy; the Tears Upon My Cheek"



     Grief dies like joy; the tears upon my cheek
     Will disappear like dew.  Dear God! I know
     Thy kindly Providence hath made it so,
     And thank thee for the law.  I am too weak
     To make a friend of Sorrow, or to wear,
     With that dark angel ever by my side
     (Though to thy heaven there be no better guide),
     A front of manly calm.  Yet, for I hear
     How woe hath cleansed, how grief can deify,
     So weak a thing it seems that grief should die,
     And love and friendship with it, I could pray,
     That if it might not gloom upon my brow,
     Nor weigh upon my arm as it doth now,
     No grief of mine should ever pass away.



     VIII    "At Last, Beloved Nature! I Have Met"



     At last, beloved Nature! I have met
     Thee face to face upon thy breezy hills,
     And boldly, where thy inmost bowers are set,
     Gazed on thee naked in thy mountain rills.
     When first I felt thy breath upon my brow,
     Tears of strange ecstasy gushed out like rain,
     And with a longing, passionate as vain,
     I strove to clasp thee.  But, I know not how,
     Always before me didst thou seem to glide;
     And often from one sunny mountain-side,
     Upon the next bright peak I saw thee kneel,
     And heard thy voice upon the billowy blast;
     But, climbing, only reached that shrine to feel
     The shadow of a Presence which had passed.



       IX    "I Know Not Why, But All This Weary Day"



     I know not why, but all this weary day,
     Suggested by no definite grief or pain,
     Sad fancies have been flitting through my brain;
     Now it has been a vessel losing way,
     Rounding a stormy headland; now a gray
     Dull waste of clouds above a wintry main;
     And then, a banner, drooping in the rain,
     And meadows beaten into bloody clay.
     Strolling at random with this shadowy woe
     At heart, I chanced to wander hither!  Lo!
     A league of desolate marsh-land, with its lush,
     Hot grasses in a noisome, tide-left bed,
     And faint, warm airs, that rustle in the hush,
     Like whispers round the body of the dead!



        X    "Were I the Poet-Laureate of the Fairies"

         (Written on a very small sheet of note-paper)



     Were I the poet-laureate of the fairies,
     Who in a rose-leaf finds too broad a page;
     Or could I, like your beautiful canaries,
     Sing with free heart and happy, in a cage;
     Perhaps I might within this little space
     (As in some Eastern tale, by magic power,
     A giant is imprisoned in a flower)
     Have told you something with a poet's grace.
     But I need wider limits, ampler scope,
     A world of freedom for a world of passion,
     And even then, the glory of my hope
     Would not be uttered in its stateliest fashion;
     Yet, lady, when fit language shall have told it,
     You'll find one little heart enough to hold it!



       XI    "Which Are the Clouds, and Which the Mountains?  See"



     Which are the clouds, and which the mountains?  See,
     They mix and melt together!  Yon blue hill
     Looks fleeting as the vapors which distill
     Their dews upon its summit, while the free
     And far-off clouds, now solid, dark, and still,
     An aspect wear of calm eternity.
     Each seems the other, as our fancies will--
     The cloud a mount, the mount a cloud, and we
     Gaze doubtfully.  So everywhere on earth,
     This foothold where we stand with slipping feet,
     The unsubstantial and substantial meet,
     And we are fooled until made wise by Time.
     Is not the obvious lesson something worth,
     Lady? or have I wov'n an idle rhyme?



      XII    "What Gossamer Lures Thee Now?  What Hope, What Name"



     What gossamer lures thee now?  What hope, what name
     Is on thy lips?  What dreams to fruit have grown?
     Thou who hast turned ONE Poet-heart to stone,
     Is thine yet burning with its seraph flame?
     Let me give back a warning of thine own,
     That, falling from thee many moons ago,
     Sank on my soul like the prophetic moan
     Of some young Sibyl shadowing her own woe.
     The words are thine, and will not do thee wrong,
     I only bind their solemn charge to song.
     Thy tread is on a quicksand--oh! be wise!
     Nor, in the passionate eagerness of youth,
     MISTAKE THY BOSOM-SERPENT'S GLITTERING EYES
     FOR THE CALM LIGHTS OF REASON AND OF TRUTH.



      XIII    "I Thank You, Kind and Best Beloved Friend"



     I thank you, kind and best belovëd friend,
     With the same thanks one murmurs to a sister,
     When, for some gentle favor, he hath kissed her,
     Less for the gifts than for the love you send,
     Less for the flowers than what the flowers convey,
     If I, indeed, divine their meaning truly,
     And not unto myself ascribe, unduly,
     Things which you neither meant nor wished to say,
     Oh! tell me, is the hope then all misplaced?
     And am I flattered by my own affection?
     But in your beauteous gift, methought I traced
     Something above a short-lived predilection,
     And which, for that I know no dearer name,
     I designate as love, without love's flame.



      XIV    "Are These Wild Thoughts, Thus Fettered in My Rhymes"



     Are these wild thoughts, thus fettered in my rhymes,
     Indeed the product of my heart and brain?
     How strange that on my ear the rhythmic strain
     Falls like faint memories of far-off times!
     When did I feel the sorrow, act the part,
     Which I have striv'n to shadow forth in song?
     In what dead century swept that mingled throng
     Of mighty pains and pleasures through my heart?
     Not in the yesterdays of that still life
     Which I have passed so free and far from strife,
     But somewhere in this weary world I know,
     In some strange land, beneath some orient clime,
     I saw or shared a martyrdom sublime,
     And felt a deeper grief than any later woe.



       XV    In Memoriam--Harris Simons



     True Christian, tender husband, gentle Sire,
     A stricken household mourns thee, but its loss
     Is Heaven's gain and thine; upon the cross
     God hangs the crown, the pinion, and the lyre:
     And thou hast won them all.  Could we desire
     To quench that diadem's celestial light,
     To hush thy song and stay thy heavenward flight,
     Because we miss thee by this autumn fire?
     Ah, no! ah, no!--chant on!--soar on!--Reign on!
     For we are better--thou art happier thus;
     And haply from the splendor of thy throne,
     Or haply from the echoes of thy psalm,
     Something may fall upon us, like the calm
     To which thou shalt hereafter welcome us!



     POEMS NOW FIRST COLLECTED



     Song Composed for Washington's Birthday,

     and Respectfully Inscribed to the Officers and Members of the
     Washington Light Infantry of Charleston,  February 22, 1859



     A hundred years and more ago
      A little child was born--
     To-day, with pomp of martial show,
      We hail his natal morn.

     Who guessed as that poor infant wept
      Upon a woman's knee,
     A nation from the centuries stept
      As weak and frail as he?

     Who saw the future on his brow
      Upon that happy morn?
     We are a mighty nation now
      Because that child was born.

     To him, and to his spirit's scope,
      Besides a glorious home,
     We owe that what we have and hope
      Are more than Greece and Rome.



     A Bouquet



     Take first a Cowslip, then an Asphodel,
      A bridal Rose, some snowy Orange flowers;
     A Lily next, and by its spotless bell
      Place the bright Iris, darling of the showers;
     Set gold Nasturtiums, Elder blooms between,
      And Heart's-ease to the Orchis marry sweetly;
     Then with red Pinks, and slips of Evergreen,
      You will possess--all folded up discreetly--
     In one bouquet, that none but you may know,
      The name I love beyond all names below.



     Lines:  "I Stooped from Star-Bright Regions"



     I stooped from star-bright regions, where
     Thou canst not enter even in prayer;
     And thought to light thy heart and hearth
     With all the poesy of earth.

     Oh, foolish hope! those mystic gleams
     To thee were unsubstantial dreams;
     The paltry world had made thee blind,
     And shut thy heart and dulled thy mind.

     I was a vassal at thy feet,
     And cringed more meanly than was meet,
     And since I dared not to be free,
     Was scouted as a slave should be.

     I gave thee all--my truth, my trust--
     I bowed my spirit in the dust,
     I put a crown upon thy brow,
     And am its proper victim now.



     A Trifle



     I know not why, but ev'n to me
     My songs seem sweet when read to thee.

     Perhaps in this the pleasure lies--
     I read my thoughts within thine eyes.

     And so dare fancy that my art
     May sink as deeply as thy heart.

     Perhaps I love to make my words
     Sing round thee like so many birds,

     Or, maybe, they are only sweet
     As they seem offerings at thy feet.

     Or haply, Lily, when I speak,
     I think, perchance, they touch thy cheek,

     Or with a yet more precious bliss,
     Die on thy red lips in a kiss.

     Each reason here--I cannot tell--
     Or all perhaps may solve the spell.

     But if she watch when I am by,
     Lily may deeper see than I.



     Lines:  "I Saw, or Dreamed I Saw, Her Sitting Lone"



     I saw, or dreamed I saw, her sitting lone,
     Her neck bent like a swan's, her brown eyes thrown
     On some sweet poem--his, I think, who sings
     Oenone, or the hapless Maud:  no rings
     Flashed from the dainty fingers, which held back
     Her beautiful blonde hair.  Ah! would these black
     Locks of mine own were mingling with it now,
     And these warm lips were pressed against her brow!
     And, as she turned a page, methought I heard--
     Hush! could it be?--a faintly murmured word,
     It was so softly dwelt on--such a smile
     Played on her brow and wreathed her lip the while
     That my heart leaped to hear it, and a flame
     Burned on my forehead--Sa'ra!--'t was my name.



     Sonnet:  "If I Have Graced No Single Song of Mine"



     If I have graced no single song of mine
     With thy sweet name, they all are full of thee;
     Thou art my Muse, my "May", my "Madeline":
     But "Julia"!--ah! that gentle name to me
     Is something far too sacred for the throng
     Of worldly listeners 'round me.  Yet ev'n now
     I weave a chaplet for thy sinless brow;--
     Wilt thou not wear it?  'T is a fashionable song,--
     I will not say of what,--but on it I
     Have wreaked heart, mind, my love, my hopes of fame,
     Yet after all it hath no nobler aim
     Than thy dear praise.  Ere many moons pass by,
     When the lost gem is set, the crown complete,
     I'll lay a poet's tribute at thy feet.



     To Rosa----:  Acrostic



     I took a Rosebud from a certain bower,
     And by its side placed an Orange flower,
     Then with the Speedwell, blended the perfume
     And the sweet beauty of an Apple-bloom,
     And thus, 't is one of the loveliest feats,
     Is spelled a gentle lady's name in sweets.



     Dedication

       To Fairy



     Do you recall--I know you do--
     A little gift once made to you--
     A simple basket filled with flowers,
     All favorites of our Southern bowers?

     One was a snowy myrtle-bud,
     Another blushed as if with blood,
     A third was pink of softest tinge,
     Then came a disk with purple fringe.

     You took them with a happy smile,
     And nursed them for a little while,
     And once or twice perhaps you thought
     Of the fond messages they brought.

     And yet you could not then divine
     The promise in that gift of mine,--
     In those bright blooms and odors sweet,
     I laid this volume at your feet.

     At yours, my child, who scarcely know
     How much to your dear self I owe,--
     Too young and innocent as yet
     To guess in what consists the debt.

     Therefore to you henceforth belong
     These Southern asphodels of song,
     Less MY creations than your own,
     What praise they win are yours alone.

     For here no fancy finds a place
     But is an affluence of your grace;--
     And when my songs are sweetest, then
     A Dream like you hath touched my pen.





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