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Title: Notes and Queries, Number 03, November 17, 1849
Author: Various
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Notes and Queries, Number 03, November 17, 1849" ***

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       *       *       *       *       *

"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

       *       *       *       *       *

NO. 3]
[Price Threepence. Stamped Edition, 4d.

       *       *       *       *       *{33}


  NOTES:--                                                    Page
    Travelling in England .................................... 33
    Sanuto's Doges of Venice, by Sir F. Madden ............... 35
    Letters of Lord Nelson's Brother, immediately after the
      Battle of Trafalgar, by the Rev. A. Gatty .............. 36
    Misquotations ............................................ 38
    Herbert's and Dibdin's Ames--Rowland's Choise of
      Change--Greene's Royal Exchange ........................ 38
    Notes from Fly Leaves, No. 3. ............................ 39
    Abdication of James II. .................................. 39
    Writers on English History ............................... 40
    Queen Elizabeth's Domestic Establishment ................. 41
    Register of East Peckham Church, Kent .................... 41
    Pawnbrokers' Golden Balls ................................ 42
    Lions in the Tower ....................................... 42
    Notes on Authors and Books, No. 1, by Belton Corney ...... 42

    Form of Petition ......................................... 43
    Query as to Notes--Greene of Green's Norton .............. 43
    Busts of Charles I. and James I.--Ancient Tapestry ....... 43
    Origin of the term "Factotum" ............................ 43
    Inscriptions on ancient Church Plate ..................... 44

    Notes of Book-Sales, Catalogues, &c. ..................... 44
    Queries still on our List ................................ 45
    Books and Odd Volumes wanted ............................. 46
    Notices to Correspondents ................................ 46
    Advertisements ........................................... 46

       *       *       *       *       *


I suppose that the history of travelling in this country, from the
Creation to the present time, may be divided into four periods--those
of no coaches, slow coaches, fast coaches, railways. Whether balloons,
or rockets, or some new mode which as yet has no name, because it has
no existence, may come next, I cannot tell, and it is hardly worth
while to think about it; for, no doubt, it will be something quite

The third, or fast-coach period was brief, though brilliant. I doubt
whether fifty years have elapsed since the newest news in the world of
locomotive fashion was, that--to the utter confusion and defacement of
the "Sick, Lame, and Lazy," a sober vehicle so called from the nature
of its cargo, which was nightly disbanded into comfortable beds at
Newbury--a new post-coach had been set up which performed the journey
to Bath in a single day. Perhaps the day extended from about five
o'clock in the morning to midnight, but still the coach was, as it
called itself, a "_Day_-coach," for it travelled all day; and if it
did somewhat "add the night unto the day, and so make up the measure,"
the passengers had all the more for their money, and were incomparably
better off as to time than they had ever been before. But after this
many years elapsed before "old Quicksilver" made good its ten miles
an hour in one unbroken trot to Exeter, and was rivalled by "young
Quicksilver" on the road to Bristol, and beaten by the light-winged
Hirondelle, that flew from Liverpool to Cheltenham, and troops of
others, each faster than the foregoing, each trumpeting its own fame
on its own improved bugle, and beating time (all to nothing) with
sixteen hoofs of invisible swiftness. How they would have stared if
a parliamentary train had passed them, especially if they could have
heard its inmates grumbling over their slow progress, and declaring
that it would be almost quicker to get out and walk whenever their
jealousy was roused by the sudden flash of an express.

Certainly I was among those who rejoiced in the increased expedition
of the fast-coach period; not because I loved, but because I hated,
travelling, and was glad to have periods of misery abridged. I used to
listen with delight to the stories of my seniors, and to marvel that
in so short a space of time so great an improvement had been made. One
friend told me that in earlier life he had travelled from Gloucester
to Hereford in a coach, which performed the journey of about thirty
miles between the hours of five in the morning and seven in the
evening. I took it for granted that they stopped on the road to dine,
and spent a long afternoon in smoking, {34} napping, or playing at
bowls. But he would not acknowledge anything of the kind, and the
impression on his mind was that they kept going (such going as it
was), except during the time necessarily expended in baiting the
horses, who, I think, were not changed--unless indeed it were from bad
to worse by fatigue. Another friend, a physician at Sheffield, told me
that one of the first times (perhaps he may have said, the first) that
a coach started for London, he was a passenger. Without setting out
unreasonably early in the morning, or travelling late at night they
made such progress, that the first night they lay at Nottingham, and
the second at Market Harborough. The third morning they were up early,
and off at five o'clock; and by a long pull and a strong pull through
a long day, they were in time to hear Bow Church clock strike eleven
or twelve (I forget which) as they passed through Cheapside. In fact
such things have always seemed to me to be worth noting, for you never
can tell to what extent, or even in what direction, they may throw
some little ray of light on an obscure point of history. On this
principle I thought it worth while to copy an original bill which
lately fell into my hands. Many such have been reprinted, but I am
not aware that this one has; and as what is wanted is a series, every
little may help. It is as follows:--

"YORK Four Dayes


"Begins on Monday the 18 of March 1678.

"All that are desirous to pass from London to York, or return from
York to London or any other Place on that Road; Let them Repair to
the Black Swan in Holborn in London and the Black Swan in Cony-Street
in York.

"At both which places they may be received in a Stage-Coach every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, which performs the whole journey in
Four days (if God permit) and sets forth by Six in the Morning.

"And returns from York to Doncaster in a Forenoon, to Newark in a day
and a half, to Stamford in Two days, and from Stamford to London in
Two days more.

                 / Henry Moulen
  "Performed by <  Margaret Gardner
                 \ Francis Gardner."

But I cannot deny that, while I have listened to, and rejoiced in,
these stories, I have had some doubt whether full justice has been
done to the other side of the question. I have always felt as if I had
a sort of guilty knowledge of one contradictory fact, which I learned
between twenty and thirty years ago, and which no one whom I have yet
met with has been able to explain. For this reason I am desirous to
lay it before you and your readers.

Just one hundred years ago--that is to say, on Sunday, the 10th of
August, 1749--two German travellers landed at Harwich. The principal
one was Stephen Schultz, who travelled for twenty years through
various parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa, in the service of the
Callenberg Institution at Halle, of which he was afterwards Director,
being at the same time Pastor of St. Ulrich's Church in that city,
where his picture is (or was about twenty years ago) to be seen
affixed to the great pillar next the organ. It represents him as an
elderly divine in a black cap, and with a grave and prediger-like
aspect; but there is another likeness of him--an engraved print--in
which he looks more like a Turk than a Christian. He is dressed in a
shawl turban, brickdust-red mantle, and the rest of the costume which
he adopted in his Eastern travels. Our business, however, is with his
English adventures, which must, I think, have astonished him as much
as anything that he met with in Arabia, even if he acted all the
Thousand and One Nights on the spot. As I have already said, he and
his companion (Albrecht Friedrich Woltersdorf, son of the Pastor of
St. George's Church in Berlin), landed at Harwich on Sunday, August
10. They staid there that night, and on Monday they walked over
to Colchester. There (I presume the next morning) they took the
"Land-Kutsche," and were _barely six hours_ on the road to London.

This statement seems to me to be so at variance with notorious facts,
that, but for one or two circumstances, I should have quietly set it
down for a mistake; but as I do not feel that I can do this, I should
be glad to obtain information which may explain it. It is no error of
words or figures, for the writer expresses very naturally the surprise
which he certainly must have felt at the swiftness of the horses, and
the goodness of the roads. He was a man who had seen something of {35}
the world, for he had lived five-and-thirty years, thirteen of which
had elapsed since he began his travels. As a foreigner he was under
no temptation to exaggerate the superiority of English travelling,
especially to an extent incomprehensible by his countrymen; and, in
short, I cannot imagine any ground for suspecting mistake or untruth
of any kind.[1]

I have never been at Colchester, but I believe it is, and always was,
full fifty miles from London. Ipswich, I believe, is only eighteen
miles farther; and yet _fifteen years_ later we find an advertisement
(_Daily Advertiser_, Thursday, Aug. 30, 1764), announcing that London
and Ipswich Post Coaches on _steel springs_ (think of that, and think
of the astonished Germans careering over the country from Colchester
without that mitigation), from London to Ipswich in _ten hours_ with
Postillions, set out every morning at seven o'clock, Sundays excepted,
from the Black Bull Inn, in Bishopsgate Street.

It is right, however, to add that the Herr Preniger Schultz and his
companion appear to have returned to Colchester, on their way back to
Germany, at a much more moderate pace. The particulars do not very
exactly appear; but it seems from his journal that on the 16th of
September they dined with the Herr Prediger Pittius, minister of the
German Church in the Savoy, at twelve o'clock (_nach teutscher art_,
as the writer observes). They then went to their lodging, settled
their accounts, took up their luggage, and proceeded to the inn from
which the "Stäts-Kutsche" was to start; and on arriving there found
some of their friends assembled, who had ordered a meal, of which they
partook. How much time was occupied in all this, or when the coach set
out, does not appear; but they travelled the whole night, and until
towards noon the next day, before they got to Colchester. This is
rather more intelligible; but as to their up-journey I really am
puzzled, and shall be glad of any explanation.

Yours, &c.


    [1] It is perhaps right to give his words. Speaking of a person
    who acted as their guide, he says:--"Des folgenden Tages gieng er
    mit uns 22 engl. Meilen bis Colchester zu Fuss; wo wir uns auf
    die Land-Kutsche verdungen, mit welcher wir 50 englische Meilen
    d. i. 10 teutsche Meilen bis London, in solcher Geschwindigkeit
    endigten, dass wir auf dem ganzen Wege kaum 6 Stunden gefahren
    sind; so schnell gehen die englischen Pferde; aber auch so schön
    sind die englischen Wege." _Der Leitungen des Höchsten_, &c. Zw.
    Theil. Halle, 1772, p.62.

       *       *       *       *       *


Mr. Editor,--Among the well-wishers to your projected periodical,
as a medium of literary communication, no one would be more ready
to contribute to it than myself, did the leisure I enjoy permit me
often to do so. I have been a maker of _Notes and Queries_ for above
twenty-five years, and perhaps should feel more inclined to trouble
you with the latter than the former, in the hope of clearing up some
of the many obscure points in your history, biography, and poetical
literature, which have occurred to me in the course of my reading. At
present, as a very inadequate specimen of what I once designed to call
_Leisure Moments_, I beg to copy the following Note from one of my

In the year 1420, the Florentines sent an embassy to the state of
Venice, to solicit them to unite in a league against the ambitious
progress of Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan; and the historian
Daru, in his _Histoire de Venise_, 8vo., Paris, 1821, has fallen into
more than one error in his account of the transaction. Marino Sanuto,
who wrote the lives of the Doges of Venice in 1493 (Daru says,
erroneously, some fifty years afterwards), has preserved the Orations
made by the Doge Tomaso Mocenigo, in opposition to the Florentine
proposals; which he copied, according to his statement, from a
manuscript that belonged to the Doge himself. Daru states, that the
MS. was communicated to him by the Doge; but that could not be, since
the Doge died in 1423, and Sanuto was not born till 1466. An abridged
translation of these Orations is given in the _Histoire de Venise_,
tom. ii, pp. 289-311.; and in the first of these, pronounced in
January, 1420 (1421, Daru), he is made to say, in reference to an
ambassador sent by the Florentines to the Duke of Milan, in 1414, as
follows: "L'ambassadeur fut _un Juif_, nommé Valori, banquier de sa
profession,", p. 291. As a commentary on this passage, Daru subjoins
a note from the Abbé Laugier, who, in his _Histoire de Venise_, liv.
21., remarks, 1. That it appears strange the Florentines should
have {36} chose a _Jew_ as an ambassador; 2. That his surname was
Bartolomeo, which could not have been borne by a Jew; 3. That the
Florentine historian Poggio speaks of Valori as having been one of the
principal members of the Council of Florence. The Abbé thence justly
concludes, that the ambassador could not have been a Jew; and it is
extraordinary that Daru, after such a conclusive argument, should have
admitted the term _Jew_ into his text. But the truth is, that this
writer (like many others of great reputation) preferred blindly
following the text of Sanuto, as printed by Muratori[2], to the
trouble of consulting any early manuscripts. It happens, however, that
in a manuscript copy of these Orations of Mocenigo, written certainly
earlier than the period of Sanuto, and preserved in the British
Museum, MS. _Add._ 12, 121., the true reading of the passage may be
found thus:--"Fo mandato Bartolomio Valori, _homo richo_, el qual
viveva de cambij." By later transcribers the epithet _richo_, so
properly here bestowed on the Florentine noble, was changed into
_iudio_ (_giudeo_), and having been transferred in that shape into
Sanuto, has formed the groundwork of a serious error, which has now
existed for more than three centuries and a half.


British Museum, Nov. 7. 1849

    [2] In the _Rerum Italicarum Scriptores_, tom. xxii. col. 947.,
    the passage stands thus: "Fu mandato Bartolomeo Valori, _hom
    giudeo_, el qual vivea di cambi." Two late copies of Sanuto,
    formerly in the Guildford collection, and now in the British
    Museum, MS. _Add._ 8575, 8576, read, "Bartoli Valori, hom iudio."

       *       *       *       *       *


    [The following letters will be best illustrated by a few words
    derived from the valuable life of our great naval hero lately
    published by Mr. Pettigrew. Besides his last will, properly so
    called, which had been some time executed, Lord Nelson wrote and
    signed another paper of testamentary character immediately before
    he commenced the battle of Trafalgar. It contained an enumeration
    of certain public services performed by Lady Hamilton, and a
    request that she might be provided for by the country. "Could I
    have rewarded those services," Lord Nelson says, "I would not now
    call upon my country; but as that has not been in my power, I
    leave Emma Hamilton, therefore, a legacy to my king and country,
    that will give her ample provision to maintain her rank in life."
    He also recommended to the beneficence of his country his adopted
    daughter. "My relations," he concludes, "it is needless to
    mention; they will of course be amply provided for."

    This paper was delivered over to Lord Nelson's brother, together
    with his will. "Earl Nelson, with his wife and family, were then
    with Lady Hamilton, and had indeed been living with her many
    months. To their son Horatio, afterwards Viscount Trafalgar, she
    was as attentive as a mother, and their daughter had been almost
    exclusively under her care for education for six years. The
    Earl kept the codicil in his pocket until the day 120,000l. was
    voted for him by the House of Commons. On that day he dined with
    Lady Hamilton in Clarges Street, and learning at table what had
    been done, he brought forth the codicil, and throwing it to
    Lady Hamilton, coarsely said, she might now do with it as she
    pleased."--Pettigrew's _Memoirs of Nelson_, ii. 624, 625. Lady
    Hamilton took the paper to Doctors' Commons, where it stands
    registered as a codicil to Nelson's will. A knowledge of these
    circumstances is necessary to the full understanding of our
    correspondents communication.]

Sir,--The following letters may be found interesting as illustrative
of the private history of Lord Nelson, to which public attention has
been strongly drawn of late by the able work of Mr. Pettigrew. The
letters were addressed by Earl Nelson to the Rev. A.J. Scott, the
friend and chaplain of the fallen hero.

    18, Charles Street, Berkeley Square,

    Dec. 2. 1805.

    Dear Sir,--I am this day favoured with your obliging letter of
    October 27.[3] The afflicting intelligence you designed to prepare
    me for had arrived much sooner; but I am duly sensible of the kind
    motive which inducted this mark of your attention and remembrance.

    The King has been pleased to command that his great and gallant
    servant shall be buried with funeral honours suitable to the
    splendid services he rendered to his country, and that the body
    shall be conveyed by water to Greenwich, in order to be laid in
    state. For myself I need not say how anxious I am to pay every
    tribute of affection and of respect to my honoured and lamented
    brother's remains. And it affords me great satisfaction to learn
    your intention of accompanying them till deposited in their last
    earthly mansion. The coffin made of the L'Orient's mast will be
    sent to Greenwich to await the arrival of the body, and I hope
    there to have an opportunity of making my acknowledgments in

    Believe me, dear Sir,

    Your faithful friend, and obedient humble servant,

    I beg the favour of your transmitting to me by the first safe
    opportunity such of my dear brother's papers (not of a public
    nature) as are under your care, and of making for me (with my
    sincere regards and kind compliments) to Captain Hardy the like

    Please to let me hear from you the moment you arrive at Portsmouth
    and direct to me as above, when I will send you any further
    directions I may have received from ministers.

    18 Charles Street, Berkeley Square,

    Dec. 6. 1805.

    My dear Sir,--I have this moment received your kind letter. I do
    not know I can add any thing to my former letter to you, or to
    what I have written to Captain Hardy. I will speak fully to Mr.
    Chevalier[4] before he leaves me.

    Your faithful and obliged humble servant,


    It will be of great importance that I am in possession of his
    _last will_ and _codicils_ as soon as possible--no one can say
    that it does not contain among other things, many directions
    relative to his funeral.

    18 Charles Street, Berkeley Square,

    Dec. 13. 1805.

    Dear Sir,--I have been to the Admiralty, and I am assured that
    leave will be sent to you to quit the ship, and follow the remains
    of my dear brother when you please. We have determined to send Mr.
    Tyson with the coffin to the Victory, when we know she is at the
    Nore. He, together with Captain hardy and yourself, will see the
    body safely deposited therein. I trust to the affection of all
    for that. The Admiralty will order the Commissioner's yacht at
    Sheerness to receive it, and bring it to Greenwich. I suppose an
    order from the Admiralty will go to Captain Hardy to deliver the
    body to Mr. Tyson, and you will of course attend. But if this
    should be omitted by any mistake of office, I trust Captain Hardy
    will have no difficulty.

    There is no hurry in it, as the funeral will not be till the 10th
    or 12th of January.

    We do not wish to send Tyson till we have the will and codicil,
    which Captain Hardy informed me was to come by Captain Blackwood
    from Portsmouth on Tuesday last. We are surprised he is not here.
    Compts. to Captain Hardy. Write to me as soon as you get to the
    Nore, or before, if you can.

    Believe me, yours faithfully,


    Excuse this hasty and blotted scrawl, as I have been detained so
    long at the Admiralty that I have scarce time to save the Post.


    Dec. 26, 1805

    Dear Sir,--I received your letters of the 23rd and 25th this
    morning. I am glad to hear the remains of my late dear and most
    illustrious brother are at length removed to Mr. Peddieson's
    coffin, and safely deposited in Greenwich Hospital. Your kind and
    affectionate attention throughout the whole of this mournful and
    trying scene cannot fail to meet my sincere and grateful thanks,
    and that of the whole family. I am perfectly satisfied with the
    surgeon's reports which have been sent to me, that every thing
    proper has been done. I could wish to have known what has been
    done with the bowels--whether they were thrown overboard, or
    whether they were preserved to be put into the coffin with the
    body. The features being now lost, the face cannot, as Mr. Beatty
    very properly observes, be exposed; I hope therefore everything is
    closed and soldered down.

    I wrote to Mr. Tyson a few days ago, and should be glad to hear
    from him. I mean to go towards London about the 1st, 2nd or 3rd of
    Jan (the day not yet fixed), and call at Greenwich for a moment,
    just to have a melancholy sight of the coffin, &c. &c., when I
    hope I shall see you.

    I shall be glad to hear from you as often as you have any thing
    new to communicate, and how the preparations go on. Every thing
    now is in the hands of government, but, strange to tell, I have
    not yet heard from the Herald's Office, whether _I_ am to attend
    the procession or _not_.

    Believe me,

    Your much obliged humble servant,


The _codicil_ referred to in these letters proved to be, or at least
to include, that memorable document which the Earl suppressed, when he
produced the will, lest it should curtail his own share of the amount
of favour which a grateful country would be anxious to heap on the
representative of the departed hero. By this unworthy conduct the
fortunes of Lady Hamilton and her still surviving daughter were at
once blighted.

The Earl as tightly held all he had, as he grasped all he could
get. It was expected that he would resign his stall at Canterbury
in favour of his brother's faithful chaplain and when he "held on"
notwithstanding his peerage and riches, he was attacked in the
newspapers. The following letter is the last communication with which
Dr. Scott was honoured, for his work was done:--

    Canterbury, May 28, 1806.

    Sir,--I am glad to find, by your letter, that you are not
    concerned in the illiberal and {38} unfounded paragraphs which
    have appeared and daily are appearing in the public prints.

    I am, Sir, your very humble servant,


The Rev. Dr. Scott.

The above have never been printed, and I shall be glad if they are
thought worthy of a place in your very useful and interesting
periodical. I am, Sir, &c.,


Ecclesfield, 7th Nov. 1849.

    [3] The Battle of Trafalgar was fought October 21.

    [4] Lord Nelson's steward in the Victory.

       *       *       *       *       *


Mr. Editor,--The offence of misquoting the poets is become so general,
that I would suggest to publishers the advantage of printing more
copious indexes than those which are now offered to the public. For
the want of these, the newspapers sometimes make strange blunders. The
_Times_, for instance, has lately, more than once, given the following
version of a well-known couplet:--

  "Vice is a monster of _so frightful_ mien,
  _As_ to be hated needs but to be seen."

The reader's memory will no doubt instantly substitute _such hideous_
for "so frightful," and _that_ for "as."

The same paper, a short time since, made sad work with Moore, thus:--

  "You may break, you may ruin the vase if you will,
  But the scent of the roses will _hang by_ it still."

Moore says nothing about the scents _hanging by_ the vase. "Hanging"
is an odious term, and destroys the sentiment altogether. What Moore
really does say is this:--

  "You may break, you may ruin the vase if you will,
  But the scent of the roses will _cling round_ it still."

Now the couplet appears in its original beauty.

It is impossible to speak of the poets without thinking of Shakspeare,
who towers above them all. We have yet to discover an editor capable
of doing him full justice. Some of Johnson's notes are very amusing,
and those of recent editors occasionally provoke a smile. If once
a blunder has been made it is persisted in. Take, for instance, a
glaring one in the 2nd part of Henry IV., where, in the apostrophe
to sleep, "clouds" is substituted for "shrouds."

  "Wilt thou, upon the high and giddy mast,
  Seal up the ship-boy's eyes, and rock his brains
  In cradle of the rude imperious surge,
  And in the visitation of the winds,
  Who take the ruffian billows by the top,
  Curling their monstrous heads, and hanging them
  With deafening clamours in the slippery _clouds_,
  That with the hurly death itself awakes?"

That _shrouds_ is the correct word is so obvious, that it is
surprising any man of common understanding should dispute it. Yet
we find the following note in Knight's pictorial edition:--

    "_Clouds_.--Some editors have proposed to read _shrouds_. A line
    in Julius Cæsar makes Shakspere's meaning clear:--

          "'I have seen
  Th' ambitious ocean swell, and rage, and foam,
  To be exalted with the threatening _clouds_.'"

_Clouds_ in this instance is perfectly consistent; but here the scene
is altogether different. We have no ship-boy sleeping on the giddy
mast, in the midst of the shrouds, or ropes, rendered slippery by the
perpetual dashing of the waves against them during the storm.

If in Shakspeare's time the printer's rule of "following copy" had
been as rigidly observed as in our day, errors would have been
avoided, for Shakspeare's MS. was sufficiently clear. In the preface
to the folio edition of 1623, it is stated that "his mind and hand
went together; and what he thought he uttered with that easinesse that
wee have scarse received from him a blot in his papers."


8th Nov. 1849.

       *       *       *       *       *



Mr. Editor,--I am induced to mention the following misstatement in
Herbert's edition of Ames' _Typographical Antiquities_, enlarged by
Dibdin, not by its importance, but by its supplying an appropriate
specimen of the benefits which would be conferred on bibliography by
your correspondents complying with Dr. Maitland's recommendations.

"Mr. Bindley," says Dibdin, "is in possession of the original
impression of Borde's _Boke of the Introduction of Knowledge_, which
was successively in the collection of West and Pearson. This copy,
and another in the Chetham Library at Manchester, are the only ones
known with the following {39} imprint: 'Copland in Fletestrete, at
the signe of the Rose Garland.' In the Selden Collection, in the
Bodleian Library, and in the copy from which Mr. Upcott published his
reprint, we read on the recto of the last leaf, 'Imprented at London
in Lothbury ouer agaynste Sainct Margaryte's Church, by me Wyllyam

The copy in the Chetham Library, now lying before me, corresponds with
the description of the latter impression. Dibdin's mistake perhaps
originated in the last page of the work preceding Borde, which is
bound up with four other works, having the following: "Imprinted at
London in _Fleetestrete_ by Henry Wykes."

This volume contains--

    "The Choise of Change: Containing the Triplicitie of Diuinitie,
    Philosophie, and Poetrie, Short for memorie, Profitable for
    Knowledge, and necessary for Maners; whereby the learned may
    be confirmed, the ignorant instructed, and all men generally
    recreated. Newly set forth by S.R., Gent and Student in the
    Universitie of Cambridge. Tria sunt omnia. At London, Printed
    by Roger Warde, dwelling neere Holborne Conduite, at the sign
    of the Talbot, An. Dom. 1585."

These letters, S.R., are the well known initials of Samuel Rowlands,
who appears to have been a Welshman, from his love of Triads, and
from the dedications found in this the rarest of his works, and those
described by Mr. Collier in his _Catalogue of the Bridgewater House
Collection_. In the same volume is comprised a tract by Greene, with
a copy of which Mr. Dyce could never meet, entitled _The Royal
Exchange_, printed in 1590.


       *       *       *       *       *


The following lines are copied from the fly leaf of a copy of the
_Necessary Doctrine and Erudition_. Are they original?

  Anno Dni md 47.

    _E P_

  Davyd's seat vnto the we comend
  Salomon's wysdome god the send
  Iohnes valiauntnesse in the reste
  Theys iij in oon be in thy brest.

_A Description of a Kyng after Scripture._

  _Prov._ 21  The hart of a kyng is in goddes hande
  _Sap._ 6    The strengthe of a realme ys a ryghteouse kyng
  _Deut._ 17  The kyng ought to kepe hym in the bande
  _Reg._ 20   Of the lawe of God the same readynge
  _Prov._ 20  Kyngs be happye in mercy doyng
  3 _Reg._ 3  Askynge wysdome of god omnipotent
              To discerne good from an evyll thyng
  _Prov._ 25  Take away vngodlines from the Kyng
              And his seat shall be stablyshed with ryght judgmet
           Let vs pray for the Kyng and hym honour
      EDWARD the sext our earthlye socour God save ye Kyng.

       *       *       *       *       *


Mr. Editor,--The recent publication of Macaulay's _History of
England_, and the fresh prominence given thereby to the occurrences
of the Revolution of 1688, have induced me, joined to a wish for the
success of your happily-conceived work, to send you the following
"Note." It was drawn up by the late Sir Harris Nicolas, and printed in
the _Proceedings_ of the late Record Commissioners. As, however, only
fifty copies were printed for the use of the Commissioners, and a copy
is rarely met with, perhaps this Note may have sufficient novelty for
insertion. Sir Harris Nicolas, as editor of the _Proceedings of the
Privy Council_, would doubtless, had that work been continued to 1688,
have used the MSS. if attainable.

"Notice of manuscript in the possession of the Rev. Sir Thomas Miller,
Bart., containing the original Minutes of the Assembly of Peers and
Privy Councillors that met at Guildhall, upon the flight of James II.
from London.

    "Extracts from Memorandum of a MS. in the possession of the Rev.
    Sir Thomas Miller, Bart. shown to Mr. Cooper, Secretary to the
    Record Commissioners, to Sir Harris Nicolas, and to Mr. Hardy, in
    May, 1833, at Sir Thomas Miller's lodgings in the Edgeware Road.

"Immediately after the flight of James the Second from London, on
the 11th of December, 1688, a tumult arose among the citizens which
created considerable alarm; and with the view of preserving the peace,
of imparting public confidence, and of providing for the extraordinary
state of affairs, all the Peers and Privy Councillors then in the
vicinity of the metropolis assembled at Guildhall. Of this important
Assembly Bishop Burnet's notice is very brief, and it would appear
from his statement that it was called by the Lord Mayor.[5] A more
full account of the Convention {40} is, however, given in the Memoir
of James the Second published by Dr. Clarke: 'It seems, upon the
King's withdrawing from London, the lords about town met at Guildhall
to consult what was fit to be done. They looked upon the present state
of affairs as an interregnum, that the government was in a manner
devolved upon them, and were in great haste to make a present of it
to the Prince of Orange.'[6] Other acts of this Assembly are then
mentioned; and its proceedings are among the most interesting and
important events in English history, not only from their forming a
precedent in a conjuncture of affairs for which no express provision
is to be found in the constitution, but from the first regular offer
of the throne to the Prince of Orange having emanated from this
Convention. No Record of its proceedings has, it is presumed, been
hitherto known to exist; and the fact that so valuable a Document is
extant, cannot be too generally stated, for it is obvious that it has
high claims to the attention of historians.

"Sir Thomas Miller possesses the original Minutes of this Assembly of
the Peers in the handwriting of a Mr. Glyn, who acted as secretary.
His appointment to that situation is also preserved; and, as it is
signed by all the Lords who were present, it affords evidence of the
names of the Peers who took part in the business of the Assembly, and
contains a very interesting collection of autographs.

"The MS. itself is a small folio, but not above fifty pages are
filled. It comprises the period between the 11th and the 28th
December, 1688, both days inclusive, and appears to be a perfect
Record of every act of that memorable Assembly. The indorsement on the
cover merits notice: it states with singular minuteness the precise
hour of James's abdication, namely at _one in the morning_ of the 11th
of December, 1688."

Sir Thomas Miller also possessed a manuscript, containing an "Account
of the Earl of Rochester, Captain Kendall, and the Narrator's Journey
to Salisbury with King James, Monday, Nov. 19. to Friday, Nov. 23.
1688, inclusive."

In connection with this subject, it may be noticed that there is no
entry of any payment in the _Issue Books_ of the clerks of the Pells
between Tuesday, 11th December, and Monday, 24th December, 1688. J.E.

    [Perhaps some of our correspondents could inform us where the MSS.
    in question are now deposited.]

    [5] After mentioning the excesses committed by the mob, and the
    arrest of Judge Jefferies, Bishop Burnet says: "The Lord Mayor
    was so struck with the terror of this rude populace, and with the
    disgrace of a man who had made all people tremble before him, that
    he fell into fits upon it, of which he died soon after.

    "To prevent the further growth of such disasters, he called
    a Meeting of the Privy Councillors and Peers, who meet at
    Guildhall," &c. The pronoun _he_ must relate to the Lord Mayor,
    but the sentence is obscurely expressed.

    [6] Vol. ii. pp. 259, 260.

       *       *       *       *       *


    "Oh, do not read history, for that I _know_ must be false."--SIR

Sir,--I have, from time to time, made a few _notes_ on our historical
writers--rather I should say the conflicting opinions of critical
writers on their relative value, and the dependence to be placed on
them as historical guides. They are so opposite, as would in a great
measure confirm the opinion of the celebrated statesman above quoted.
I send, as a specimen, the opinions upon Burnet, and should its
insertion in your "NOTES AND QUERIES" be deemed advisable, I will
from time to time send others which I have in my note-book.


Burnet, "A good historian and an honest man."--_Lord Brougham_.

"The History of his Own Times, which Burnet left behind him, is a work
of great instruction and amusement.... His ignorance of parliamentary
forms has led him into some errors, it would be absurd to deny,
but these faults do not detract from the general usefulness of his
work."--_Lord John Russell_.

"The most partial, malicious heap of scandal and misrepresentation,
that was ever collected for the laudable design of giving a false
impression of persons and things to all future ages."--_Lord
Dartmouth: note in Dr. Routh's edition_.

"A rash and partial writer."[7]--_Macaulay_.

"It is a piece of justice I owe to historical truth to say, that I
have never tried Burnet's facts by the tests of dates and of original
papers, without finding them wrong."--_Sir J. Dalrymple_.

"Burnet had all the merits and all the faults of an ardent, impetuous,
headstrong man, whose mind was honest, and whose objects were noble.
Whatever he reports himself to have heard or seen, the reader may
be assured he really did hear and see. But we must {41} receive his
representations and conclusions with that caution which must ever be
observed when we listen to the relation of a warm and busy partizan,
whatever be his natural integrity and good sense."--_Smyth's Lectures
on Modern History._

"His history is one which the present editor (Dr. Routh) truly says
will never lose its importance, but will continue to furnish materials
for other historians, and to be read by those who wish to derive their
knowledge of facts from the first sources of information. The accuracy
of his narrative has often been attacked with vehemence, and often, it
must be confessed, with success, but not so often as to overthrow the
general credit of his work."--_Quarterly Review._

"Rarely polished, I never read so ill a style."--_Swift._

    [7] Our correspondent should have added exact references to the
    places where these passages are to be found. Mr. Macaulay may
    have written these words quoted by our correspondent, in some
    hasty moment, but his summary of the character of Burnet in his
    _history of England_, ii. 175. 2nd Edition--a very noble and well
    considered passage--gives a very different and far juster estimate
    of Burnet's character.

       *       *       *       *       *


Your readers may be curious to see a list of the persons composing the
domestic establishment (as it may be called) of Queen Elizabeth in the
middle of her reign, and an account of the sums of money severally
allowed to them out of the privy purse of the sovereign. The payments
will seem remarkably small, even allowing for the great difference in
the value of money then and now. What that difference may be, I am
not prepared to say; and I will venture here to put it as a "Query,"
to be answered by some competent person who may read this "Note." I
have seen it stated by more than one writer, that the difference in
the value of money at the end of Elizabeth's reign was at least five
times, i.e. that one pound then would go as far as five pounds now;
but I am not aware of the _data_ upon which the calculation was made.
I apprehend, besides, that the difference was greater in 1582, to
which what follows applies, than afterwards, and I should be glad to
have the matter cleared up. The subsequent account is indorsed in the
hand-writing of Lord Burghley, Lord Treasurer, in these words:--"1582.
The payment of the Ladies of the Privy Chamber;" but it applies also
to the gentlemen.

  _Wages paid to the Privy Chamber by the Year._

  The Bedchamber:                      £  s. d.
      The Lady Cobham, by the year     20  0  0
      The Lady Carewe                  33  6  8
      Mrs. Blanch Apprye[8]            33  6  8

  Gentlewomen of the Privy Chamber:
      Bridget Cave                     33  6  8
      The Lady Howard                  33  6  8
      The Lady Stafford                33  6  8
      The Lady Arundell                33  6  8
      The Lady Leighton                33  6  8
      Frances Howard                   33  6  8
      Dorothy Edmundes                 33  6  8

      The Lady Bartlett                20  0  0
      The Lady Drury                   20  0  0
      Mrs. Mary Skydmore               20  0  0
      Mrs. Katherine Newton            20  0  0
      Mrs. Jane Brucella               20  0  0

  Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber:
      Sir Christopher Hatton, Knight   50  0  0
      John Ashley, Esq.                33  6  8

  Gentlemen Usher of the Privy Chamber:
      Sir Drew Drury, Knight           30  0  0

  Grooms of the Privy Chamber:
      Thomas Ashley                    20  0  0
      Henry Sackford                   20  0  0
      John Baptiste                    20  0  0
      Thomas Knevett                   20  0  0
      Edward Carey                     20  0  0
      Thomas George                    20  0  0
      William Killigrew                20  0  0
                  Summa Totalis       673  6  8

The above 673l. 6s. 8d. was the whole sum paid out of the privy purse;
but it is to be borne in mind that these persons were allowed diet and
lodging in the Court, so that, after all, the payments were not quite
as insignificant as they may at first seem. Whatever also may have
been the case with the ladies, it is certain that the gentlemen had
other sources of emolument derived from the Crown, such as monopolies,
valuable grants of royal domains, leases of customs, &c., which
altogether made up an ample income. Sir Christopher Hatton, for
instance, could not have built Holdenby out of his 50l. a year as
Gentleman of the Privy Chamber.


    [8] The names are spelt precisely as they stand in the
    document itself.

       *       *       *       *       *


Sir,--In my commonplace book I find the following notes, being
extracts from the ancient Registers of East Peckham Church, Kent,
which have never (I believe) been published, and which may perhaps be
of service to the historian or antiquary.

    1637. This yeare was the Communion-table rayled in by the
    appointment of Dr. Ryves, Dean of Shorham {42} Deanery, and
    Chancellor to the most Reverend Father in God, William Laud,
    Archbishop of Canterbury, who commanded this uniformity to
    be general throughout the kingdom.

    1638. This time of lent being to be kept holy by fasting and
    abstinence from flesh, notwithstanding Sir Roger Twisden, Knt
    and Baronett and Dame Isabella his wife, being both very sick
    and weake, in my judgement and opinion [are] to be tolerated
    for the eating of flesh.


A similar entry occurs for the three following years.

    1648. Upon the third of June the following Infants all born in
    the parish of Brenchley were baptized in this parish Church, by
    an order granted from Sir John Sedley, Knight and Baronett, Sir
    John Rayney, and Sir Isaac Sedley, Knights:--

    "Whereas complaints have often been made unto us by many of the
    principal inhabitants of the Parish of Brenchley, that they having
    desired Mr. Gilbert, minister of the said Parish, to baptize their
    children, and according to the Directorie offered to present them
    before the Congregation, he hath neglected or refused so to do;
    whereby divers infants remain unbaptized, some of them above a
    year old, expressly contrary to the said Directorie.

    "We do therefore order that the parents of such children do bring
    them unto the Parish Church of East Peckham, where we desire that
    Mr. Topping, minister of the said Parish, would baptize them
    according to the sayd Directorie, they acquainting him with the
    day they intend to bring them beforehand.

    "Dated ye 25th of May 1648.




The last extract may illustrate the progress of Anabaptism, under
the Parliamentary rule, and serves by way of curious sequel to the
preceding excerpta.

In a window of the same church I observed this inscription:--"Here
stoode the wicked fable of Mychael waying of [souls]. By the law of
Qvene Elizabeth according to God[s] Word is taken away."


       *       *       *       *       *


Mr. Editor,--The Edinburgh Reviewer, cited by your correspondent Mr.
W.J. Thoms, seems to have sought rather too far for the origin of a
pawnbroker's golden balls.

He is right enough in referring their origin to the Italian bankers,
generally called Lombards; but he has overlooked the fact that the
greatest of those traders in money were the celebrated and eventually
princely house of the Medici of Florence. They bore pills on their
shield, (and those pills, as usual then, were gilded,) in allusion
to the professional origin from whence they had derived the name of
Medici; and their agents in England and other countries put that
armorial bearing over their doors as their sign, and the reputation
of that house induced others to put up the same sign.


       *       *       *       *       *


Mr. Editor,--Some one of your readers may be interested in knowing
that there was a royal menagerie in the Tower of London in the reign
of Edward III. In the Issue Roll of the forty-fourth year of his
reign, 1370, there are five entries of payments made to "William de
Garderobe, keeper of the king's lions and leopards" there, at the rate
of 6d. a day for his wages, and 6d. a day for each beast.--pp. 25.
216. 298. 388. 429.

The number of "beasts" varied from four to seven. Two young lions are
specially mentioned; and a "lion lately sent by the Lord the Prince
from Gascony to England to the Lord the King."

[Greek: Phi]

    [Our correspondent's NOTE is an addition to what Bayley has given
    us on this subject; who tells us, however, that as early as 1252,
    Henry III. sent to the Tower a white bear, which had been brought
    to him as a present from Norway, when the Sheriffs of London were
    commanded to pay four pence every day for its maintenance.]

       *       *       *       *       *



A lover of literature, and aspiring to promote its extension
and improvement, I sometimes form projects for the adoption of
others--sensible, be it also said, of the extent of my own engagements
with certain learned societies.

One of these projects has been a tabular view of the literary
biography of the British Islands. In the midst of my reflections on
the plans of Blair, Priestly, Playfair, Oberlin, Tytler, Jarry de
Mancy, &c. I received a specimen of a _Bibliographie biographique_, by
Edouard-Marie Oettinger, now in the press at Leipzic.

As books multiply, the inexpediency of attempting general bibliography
becomes more {43} and more apparent. Meritorious as are the works of
Brunet and Ebert, and useful as they may be to _collectors_, they
are inadequate to the wants of _men of letters_. Henceforth, the
bibliographer who aims at completeness and accuracy must restrict
himself to one class of books.

M. Oettinger appears to have acted on this principle, and has been
happy in the choice of his subject--

  "The proper study of mankind is man."

The work is comprehensive in its object, judicious in its plan,
accurate in its details, as far as the specimen proceeds, and an
unquestionable desideratum in literature.

Ainsi, vive M. Edouard-Marie Oettinger! Vive la _Bibliographie


       *       *       *       *       *


When a Petition ends with "Your Petitioner shall ever pray, &c." what
form of words does the "&c." represent?


       *       *       *       *       *


Mr. Editor,--I congratulate you on your happy motto, but will you give
your readers the results of your own experience and practice, and
tell them the simplest _mode of making Notes_, and when made, how to
arrange _them_ so _as to find them when required?_

I have been in the habit of using slips of paper--the blank turn-overs
of old-fashioned letters before note paper came into fashion--and
arranging in subjects as well as I could; but many a note so made has
often caused me a long hour's looking after: this ought not so to
be; pigeon-holes or portfolios, numbered or lettered, seem to be

Has any reader a _Note_ whereby to tell who are the present
representatives of Greenes of "Green's Norton?" or who was "Richard
Greene, Apothecary," who was living 1770, and bore the arms of that


    [Our answer to our correspondent's first Query is, send your
    Notes to us, who will print _and index_ them.--ED.]

       *       *       *       *       *


1. Where is now the bust of Charles I., formerly in Westminster
Hall, and engraved by Peter Mazell, for Pennant's _London_, in which
engraving the bust is attributed to Bernini, though Vertue thought
differently? (See Dallaway's _Walpole_, 1826, ii. 109.)

2. Also, where is the correspondent bust of James I., formerly at
Whitehall, of which there is an engraving by N. Smith?

3. What has become of the tapestry of the reign of Henry VI.
which formerly adorned the Painted Chamber in the ancient Palace
of Westminster? It appears that it remained in one of the lower
apartments from the time when it was taken down in 1800 until the
year 1810; that it was then sold to Charles Yarnold, Esq., of Great
Helen's, Bishopsgate Street, for 10l. After his death in 1825, in the
auction of his collection at Southgate's (June 11. that year, lot
238), it was sold as "Seven pieces representing the Siege of Troy, for
7l. to Mr. Matheman." Who was Mr. Matheman? and what has now become of
his acquisition?

Another piece of tapestry in Mr. Yarnold's possession, but it may be
presumed in far better condition, was bought by Mr. Teschmaker, his
executor, for 63l. This was described as "The Plantagenet Tapestry,
in fine preservation, containing 23 full-sized portraits of the
different branches of the Houses of York and Lancaster: among the most
prominent are Margaret of Anjou; Cicely, Duchess of York; the Duke of
Gloucester, afterwards Richard III.; Edward of Lancaster, Henry VI.;
Earl of March, son of Richard (Duke of York and) afterwards Edward
IV.; Henry VII.; Clarence [?] Duke of York," &c. This description
raises one's curiosity greatly, and query, has this tapestry been
elsewhere described? At the meeting of the Archæological Association
at Warwick in 1847, it was supposed to have come from St. Mary's
Hall, Coventry; but that idea seems to have arisen merely from its
similarity of design to the tapestry which is now there.


       *       *       *       *       *


Sir,--The following expression in Cavendish's _Life of Wolsey_, p.
42.--"He was {44} Dominus fac totum with the king"--seems to point
us to some ecclesiastical origin for the derivation of our familiar
word "factotum." Does any one know the precise whereabouts of such a
phrase in the Ancient Service books?


       *       *       *       *       *


Mr. Editor,--In the parish church in which I officiate are preserved
four ancient and curious alms-basins, of latten; They appear to be of
Flemish workmanship, and, from inventories of the church goods, made
at different times, we may gather that they were given for their
present use during the seventeenth century. They represent:--1. The
Martyrdom of St. Sebastian; 2. The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin;
3. The Temptation in Eden; and 4. The Spies bearing the Grapes. Around
each of these subjects is a legend in foreign characters, "DER.
INFRID. GEHWART." I have submitted this inscription to antiquaries
and German scholars in vain; it still remains a puzzle. It has been
suggested that it may have been only an arbitrary mark of the maker.
Is this probable? If not, will you, or one of your readers, give the
interpretation to


Nov. 8, 1849.

    [We have much pleasure in inserting the foregoing QUERY, and
    trust that many of our correspondents will follow the example of
    _Clericus_, by furnishing us with copies of the inscriptions on
    any ancient church plate in their possession, or which may come
    under their notice. A comparison of examples will often serve to
    remove such difficulties as the present, which perhaps may be read
    DERIN FRID GEHWART, "Therein Peace approved;" _Gewären_ being used
    in the sense of _Bewähren_, authority for which may be found in

       *       *       *       *       *


It is our purpose from time to time to call the attention of our
book-buying friends to the approaching sales of any collections which
may seem to us to deserve their attention; and to any catalogues which
may reach us containing books of great rarity and curiosity. Had we
entertained no such intention we should have shown our respect for
the memory of that intelligent, obliging, and honourable member of
the bookselling profession (to whom a literary man rarely addressed
a QUERY, without receiving in reply a NOTE of information worth
preserving), the late Mr. Thomas Rodd, by announcing that the sale of
the first portion of his extensive and valuable stock of books will
commence on Monday next, the 19th instant, and occupy the remainder
of that week.

The following Lots are among the specimens of the rarities contained
in this portion of Mr. Rodd's curious stock:--

  189 ACTS OF PARLIAMENT, Orders, Declarations,
        Proclamations, &c. 1657 to 1660, _the original
        Papers and Broadsides collected and bound in
        1 vol. calf_                 1657-60

  *** This very important volume contains the Acts, &c.
        during the period intervening between Scobell's
        Collection and the recognized Statutes of
        Charles II. As the laws during this period
        have never been collected into a regular edition,
        a series of them is of the greatest rarity.

        WILLIAM CAXTON, _curious wood engravings_
        BLACK LETTER, VERY RARE, _imperfect, old russia_

  *** This edition is altogether unknown and undescribed.
        The present copy commences with signature C1, and
        extends to sig. S(v) in sixes, on the reverse of
        which is the colophon, with Pynson's device
        underneath. _It wants sheets A and B, and E_ (iiii).

  380 Cellii (E.) Eques Auratus Anglo-Wirtembergieus;
        id est, actus admodum Solennis; quo
        Jacobus Rex Angliæ, &c. Regii Garteriorum
        supremus ac Frid. Ducem Wirtembergicum,
        per Rob. Spencer Barnoem declaravit,
        _portrait woodcut             Tubing. 1605_

  *** This was Sir Wm. Dethick's copy, Garter King at
        Arms, who accompanied Lord Spencer in his
        journey; in it he has written some very curious
        circumstances respecting the journey, and of
        the ill-treatment he experienced from Sir Rob.
        Spencer and Wm. Seager, "a poore paynter,
        sonne of a base fleminge and spawne of a Jew,"
        with an account of the family of Dethick, or De
        Dyk, of Derbyshire and Staffordshire.

        BLACK LETTER, _one leaf inlaid and three or four
        beautifully fac-similed, otherwise a fine and
        perfect copy, russia extra, gilt leaves, by C.

  *** This work consists of 139 leaves, exclusive of
      the table, occupying two leaves. The Colophon of
      the Printer is one of great interest, filling
      the two last pages. It thus commences:--"Thur
      endeth this boke, whiche xpyne of pyse made
      drewe out of the boke named Vegecius de re
      militari and out of tharbre of bataylles
      wyth many other thynges sett in to the same
      requisite to werre and batailles, which boke
      beyng in Frenshe was delyvered to me Willm
      Caxton by the most crysten kinge and sedoubted
      prynce, my naturel and souvrayn {45}
      Lord Kyng Henry the VII, Kyng of England
      and of France, in his Palais of Westmestre,
      the 23 day of Janyuere, the III of his regne,
      and desire and wylsed me to translate this
      said boke and reduce it into our enlish natural
      tonge and to put it in enprynte, &c."

  522 ENGLAND:--Copy of a Letter written by a Spanish
      Gentleman to his Friend in England in refutation
      of sundry Calumnies there falsely bruited among
      the People, 1589--An Advertisement written to a
      Secretarie of my Lord Treasurer of Ingland by an
      Inglish Intelligencer as he passed through Germanie
      towards Italie; also a Letter written by the
      Lord Treasurer, 1592.

  *** Two very rare and curious historical pieces, written
      by a zealous Catholic in defence of Philip II.

  944 Neumayr van Ramszla (J.W.) Johann fursten des
      Jungern Hertzogen zu Sachsen, Reise in Franckreich
      Engelland und Nederland, _port. and plates_
      _russia extra, gilt leaves           Lips. 1620_

  *** The volume contains accounts of many of the
      pictures and curiosities in the royal palaces of
      Westminster, St. James, &c.

On the following Monday will commence the sale of the theological
portion of his collection, which will occupy eight days, and conclude
on the 4th of December. The sales are entrusted to the management of
Messrs. S. Leigh Sotheby & Co. of Wellington Street.

We have also received from Mr. Asher of Berlin, a copy of the
_Bibliotheca Tieckiana_--the sale catalogue of the library of Ludwig
Tieck, the distinguished German poet, novelist, and critic. The
sale will commence at Berlin on the 10th December, with the English
portion of the library, which besides the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th folios,
is particularly rich in works illustrative of Shakespeare, and of
translations of various portions of our great dramatist's writings.
The following lot, comprising an edition, we believe, not very
generally known, and containing the manuscript notes and comments
of so profound a critic as Ludwig Tieck, ought to find an English

  2152  THE PLAYS OF W. SHAKSPEARE, with the Corrections
        and Illustrations of various Commentators,
        to which are added Notes by Johnson and
        Steevens. 23 vols. gr. in 8vo. Basil 1800-1802

  "Exemplaire unique et de la plus grande importance,
      contenant des notes sans nombre de la main de
      M. Tieck. Ces notes renferment les fruits d'une
      étude de plus de 40 ans sur le grand poète, par
      son plus grand traducteur et commentateur, et
      forment le texte du grand ouvrage sur Shakspeare,
      promis depuis si longtemps."

One of the most curious articles in this catalogue, copies of which
may be obtained from the London Agent for the sale, Mr. Nutt, of the
Strand, is No. 1965, a copy of Lilly's _Sixe Court Comedies_, which
had belonged to Oliver Cromwell, and appears to contain his autograph.

There are few literary men who have not, in the course of some one
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our readers the publication by Mr. Russell Smith, of 4. Old Compton
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       *       *       *       *       *


                                                            NO.   PAGE
  The Times, Chronicle, and Herald, when first established   I.     7
  Lord Chatham's Speech on American Stamp Act, Notes of      I.    12
  Dorne, the Bookseller                                      I.    12
  Henno Rusticus                                             I.    12
  The Signe of the End                                       I.    20
  Lines in the style of Suckling                            II.    20
  Pedlar's Song, attributed to Shakspeare, and
    Tradition respecting Hamlet                             II.    23
  Sir William Skipwith                                      II.    23
  Thistle of Scotland                                       II.    24
  Sermones Sancti Borromæi                                  II.    27
  Luther and Erasmus, Lines on                              II.    27
  Tower Royal                                               II.    28
  Constitution Hill                                         II.    28
  Countess of Pembroke's Letter                             II.    28
  Tennison's Sermon on Nell Gwynne                          II.    28
  Colley Cibber's Apology                                   II.    29
  White Gloves at Maiden Assizes                            II.    29
  Flemish Account                                            I.     8
  Grog, Origin of Word                                      II.    28
  Bishop Barnaby, why Lady-birds so called                  II.    28

       *       *       *       *       *{46}



ABERYSTWITH, 8vo. Trevecka, 1779.


Edition, in 7 vols. 24mo. Chiswick. 1814.



SONS. 8vo. 1716.


NATURE, A POEM. Folio. 1736.




1832.--The First Volume of.


LIVY.--Vol. I. of Crevier's Edition. 6 vols. 4to. Paris. 1739.

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