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Title: The American Missionary — Volume 48, No. 10, October, 1894
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The American Missionary — Volume 48, No. 10, October, 1894" ***

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The American Missionary

OCTOBER, 1894.













       *       *       *       *       *

Bible House, Ninth St. and Fourth Ave., New York.

       *       *       *       *       *

Price, 50 Cents a Year, in advance.
Entered at the Post Office at New York, N.Y., as second-class matter.
American Missionary Association.

       *       *       *       *       *



Rev. F.A. NOBLE, D.D., Ill.
Rev. A.J.F. BEHRENDS, D.D., N.Y.
Rev. ALEX. McKENZIE, D.D., Mass.

_Corresponding Secretaries._

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._
Rev. A.F. BEARD, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._
Rev. F.P. WOODBURY, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._

_Assistant Corresponding Secretary._

Rev. C.J. RYDER, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._

_Recording Secretary._

Rev. M.E. STRIEBY, D.D., _Bible House, N.Y._


H.W. HUBBARD, Esq., _Bible House, N.Y._



_Executive Committee._

CHARLES L. MEAD, Chairman.
CHARLES A. HULL, Secretary.

_For Three Years._


_For Two Years._


_For One Year._


_District Secretaries._

REV. GEO. H. GUTTERSON, _21 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass._
Rev. JOS. E. ROY, D.D., _151 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill._
Rev. W.E.C. WRIGHT, D.D., _Cong'l Rooms, Y.M.C.A. Building, Cleveland, Ohio._

_Secretary of Woman's Bureau._

Miss D.E. EMERSON, _Bible House, N.Y._

       *       *       *       *       *


Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the
Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "THE AMERICAN MISSIONARY," to the
Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances, to the
Treasurer; letters relating to woman's work, to the Secretary of the
Woman's Bureau.


In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post office orders, may be
sent to H.W. Hubbard, Treasurer, Bible House, New York, or, when more
convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational House,
Boston, Mass., 151 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill., or Congregational
Rooms, Y.M.C.A. Building, Cleveland, Ohio. A payment of thirty dollars
constitutes a Life Member.

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS.--The date on the "address label," indicates the
time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on
label to the 10th of each month. If payment of subscription be made
afterward, the change on the label will appear a month later. Please
send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the former
address and the new Address, in order that our periodicals, and
occasional papers may be correctly mailed.


"I GIVE AND BEQUEATH, the sum of ---- dollars, to the 'American
Missionary Association,' incorporated by act of the Legislature of the
State of New York." The Will should be attested by three witnesses.



       *       *       *       *       *

VOL. XLVIII.     OCTOBER, 1894.        No. 10

       *       *       *       *       *

American Missionary Association.

       *       *       *       *       *


Our annual meeting at Lowell, Mass., October 23d to 25th, promises to be
an occasion of great interest. A large proportion of the addresses will
be from missionaries. The work throughout the year has been greatly
blessed, despite the difficulties it has had to meet from lack of
adequate means. The meeting opens at three o'clock, Tuesday afternoon,
and the annual sermon will be given by Rev. Charles H. Richards, D.D.,
of Philadelphia, in the evening, followed by the communion service.

       *       *       *       *       *


A partial and tentative programme of our Annual Meeting has been
prepared. Times are provided for open discussion or the "free
parliament." But it is deemed necessary to secure some able writers and
speakers to prepare reports and deliver addresses on special and
important topics.

We are happy to announce that at this writing a number such have
promised attendance. Among these we may name the President of the
Association, Merrill E. Gates, LL.D., President of Amherst College; Rev.
Chas. M. Lamson, D.D., Hartford, Conn.; Rev. DeW. S. Clark, Salem,
Mass.; Rev. Dr. McKenzie, of Boston; Dr. Lyman Abbott, of New York; Hon.
Frederick Douglass, of Washington; and his Excellency, Governor
Greenhalge, of Massachusetts. Some others have been invited from whom
favorable answers are expected.

A marked feature of this meeting will be the unusual number of
missionaries and workers from the field, who will give living pictures
of things as they are. Following the happy precedent of other years,
each of the co-operative Congregational societies will be represented by
a speaker chosen by itself. These addresses will be brief, and will
manifest the feelings of harmony and comity existing between these

The meeting promises to be an interesting and valuable one. The topics
discussed are of vital importance to the work, and the addresses will be
worthy of the topics. Lowell is accessible, and its welcome will be

       *       *       *       *       *


The city of Lowell has long enjoyed a national, even world-wide
reputation, as the leading center for the manufacture of cotton fabrics.
And, while this industry offers employment to something like 25,000 men,
women and children, there are also enterprises in great variety that do
not use cotton fibre in any way, yet find work for ten to fifteen
thousand more toilers. The principal corporations are the Lawrence,
Tremont and Suffolk, Merrimack, Boott, Massachusetts, Hamilton and
Appleton, beside the Middlesex, where shawls are made, and the carpet
mills, where the famous Lowell carpets are woven. While the city is a
veritable beehive of industry, yet the people find time for recreation,
and have wisely provided breathing places in different parts of the
city, where they can recuperate mind and body. The prominent pleasure
resorts are Fort Hill park, the North and South commons, Park Garden,
the boulevard--extending three miles along the bank of the Merrimack
River--and Lakeview, an attractive watering-place some five miles out
from the center. This latter place is reached by means of the Lowell and
Suburban Street Railway, an electric line, which also connects the
neighboring villages of North Chelmsford, Dracut, North Billerica and
Chelmsford Center. A ride to any one of these places costs but twenty
cents for the round trip, and the Lakeview line is especially
interesting at its terminal.

The city's moral and educational interests are also well provided for,
as evidenced by the following: 30 churches, 47 primary schools, 10
grammar and 1 high school, besides a training school for teachers, and a
manual training-school for boys; also a prospective State normal school.
We also have three or four hospitals, an old ladies' home, and a home
for young women and children. The police protection consists of a chief,
his deputies, captains and sergeants, and about one hundred patrolmen.
The fire system of the city is excelled by none in the country, and is
well worthy a careful inspection.

Lowell is not favored with a great many pretentious edifices on her
public streets, but the most prominent are the new City Hall, High
School, Memorial Building, State Armory, St. Anne's Church and the
Federal Building. The city is already furnished with a thorough water
system, but, desiring a better quality of water than that taken from the
Merrimack River, she has had a large number of artesian wells driven,
and they now furnish about 3,000,000 gallons of water per day. All the
principal streets are well lighted by electric lamps, and the
residential portion by gas.

The Merrimack River affords a means of enjoying aquatic sports, there
being rowing boats, canoes, sail boats and steamers in abundance. Two
very enchanting spots up the river are Tyng's Island and Harmony Grove,
and if one desire a longer trip by water he may ride to Nashua, N.H., by
steamer or other boat.

The population of Lowell is probably about 80,000, and excepting in
specially hard times there are few persons to be found in want of a
situation. These are only a few of Lowell's salient points, but enough
is here given to convey to the visitor a very fair idea of the city's

       *       *       *       *       *


We wish to present to the friends of the American Missionary Association
a full statement of its financial affairs, its debt, its retrenchments;
its still greater debt and the still greater retrenchments that will be
inevitable unless during the coming year its receipts can be greatly
increased. It is not our aim to make a startling cry for transient
relief, but for a steady increase of receipts to remove debt and insure
the stability of the work.

At the close of our last fiscal year, September 30th, 1893, we reported
a debt of $45,028.11. In that year we received aid from the Government
for Indian work. During the eleven months of this year we have received
no aid from the Government, but our receipts from other sources have
increased over those of last year, and we have cut down our
expenditures, so that if we had received the Government aid as last year
our debt on the eleven months of the current year would be only
$5,409.80, but with that loss the actual indebtedness of these eleven
months is $23,937.10, which added to that of the last year makes the
total debt August 31st $68,965.21. From present indications we can
hardly hope for any material reduction of this amount during the current
month, and hence the prospect is that this sum must be reported at our
annual meeting.

A grave contingency confronts us as we enter (October 1st) on the new
year. Our great work, which has lifted thousands of young men and women
from ignorance and poverty into hopeful and useful lives, and which has
brought cheer and help to multitudes of homes where poverty has reigned,
must be carried forward; and our debt, which has hung as a weight upon
this work, must be wiped out. A constantly increasing debt must be
avoided at any cost. The next six or eight months (the harvest months
for collections) must decide the question. If pastors of churches will
lay the matter to heart and secure regular and increased collections,
and if benevolent friends of these struggling races will bear them in
remembrance by special contributions, an uplift of hope and help will be
given where now they are threatened with discouragement in their great
conflict with poverty, ignorance and race prejudice.

       *       *       *       *       *


Capital and labor are twin brothers, but they have been alienated almost
from childhood, and the strife between them waxes warmer and warmer,
and, like all other vexed questions, will never be settled till it is
settled right.

There are various forms of these troubles--now in the coal mines, now on
the railroads, and now in the shops--but there are aspects of the
struggle which put on national traits and overthrow empires. The French
Revolution was a struggle between capital and labor. The capitalists
were the aristocracy, and they monopolized also intelligence and power.
With these advantages they ground down labor till patience was changed
to implacable rage, and the reaction brought forth the most serious and
terrible massacres recorded in history.

Our great civil war of 1861-65 developed one aspect of the conflict
between capital and labor. The slaveholders were the capitalists, and
with them also were the intelligence and power. These levers were used
to crush down the laborer into the severest form of slavery known among
men. Labor was patient, but large sympathy was developed in the North in
favor of the slave. This alone would not have brought on the war.
Southern capitalists gloried in their power, and, accustomed to absolute
domination over their slaves, assumed the same attitude of superiority
over their fellow-citizens of the North. They ruled in Congress,
dominated over the press and the pulpit, and, ambitious to extend their
dominion, demanded larger territory for the extension of the slave
system. When this was refused, they set up an independent standard and
brought on the war. The end was disastrous to the South. The capitalists
were well-nigh ruined and the slaves were set free.

On this same plain, growing out of the embers of that same conflict,
another and almost as threatening a struggle is rising up before us. The
white race in the South still largely controls capital, intelligence and
power, and these forces are again used to hinder the impoverished
laborer. The white man holds office, from which the black man is
excluded, who is denied opportunities and privileges which crush his
manhood. The contest is again unequal, and the outcome must take one of
two forms. Either the oppressed laborer will rise in rebellion--and
whatever may be the ultimate result the conflict will be dreadful--or,
on the other hand, the laborer, denied education, a comfortable home and
a chance to accumulate property, will sink into an utterly hopeless
degradation, a curse to himself and to the whole South.

What is the remedy for all this? There is a remedy, and if applied
promptly may save the nation from either of the catastrophes we have
named, and that is: Give the black man a chance to acquire property,
education and power equal to his white neighbor, and the elements of the
struggle are gone. This is the work the American Missionary Association
is attempting to do. It meddles not with theories, or parties, but aims
quietly to give the needed help to the Negro.

       *       *       *       *       *


Letters received from Rev. Dr. Sheldon Jackson and Mr. Lopp give us the
gratifying assurance that the mission is by this time opened under
favorable auspices. Dr. Jackson found on reaching Alaska that Mr. Lopp
had visited the mission at Cape Prince of Wales this spring and
discovered that the buildings, furniture and supplies were in good
condition. Mr. Lopp, in response to our request, has consented to return
to the Cape and re-open the mission. He greatly regrets that an ordained
minister was not sent, and expresses the earnest hope that another
season this necessary addition will be made, but he consents to return
and do the best he can. He has little fear of violence from the natives,
finding them completely intimidated by the threats of the captain of the
revenue cutter "Bear."

The experiment of introducing the reindeer into Alaska is thus far very
encouraging. Mr. Lopp has had a herd under his care at Port Clarence,
and although the winter has been unusually severe one hundred and fifty
fawns were added to the herd. The Government has promised to our mission
at Cape Prince of Wales this season one hundred reindeer, and Mr. Lopp,
with adequate help, will have the care of them. The ultimate success of
this experiment with reindeer in Alaska is one of great promise. It
indicates a food and clothing supply for the natives, with increased
facilities for transportation, thus laying the foundation for growth in
population and in civilization.

It will be remembered that of the three men connected with the horrible
murder of Mr. Thornton, two were at once arrested by the natives and
shot. The third, Titalk, who was the leader, escaped for the time. Mr.
Lopp thus describes his death: "After the 'Bear' had left for the South,
Titalk came back to the cape, and his uncle, Te-ed-loo-na led him up on
the hillside near the grave of Mr. Thornton, and asked him how he should
put him to death, strangle him, stab him or shoot him. The boy preferred
to be shot, so he commanded him to hold his head down and then shot

Mr. Lopp furnishes another evidence of the disposition on the part of
the leading natives to guard the interests and property of the mission:
"On one occasion during the winter Chief Eliguok heard that a boy had
broken into the school-house, and he announced his intention to kill the
boy, but upon investigation it was found to be a false report."

We trust that in the good providence of God, this mission will be made
prosperous and be greatly enlarged, that its missionaries will be
preserved in safety, that the natives will become more orderly, that the
influence of the school and mission may bring to them peaceable fruits
of civilization and Christianity.

       *       *       *       *       *


We record our tribute of sorrow at the death of Hon. A.C. Barstow, which
occurred September 5th. He was for many years intimately and usefully
connected with the growth and prosperity of the city of Providence,
R.I., which was his home and where he died. He was a man of wide
sympathies in Christian and patriotic work, having held responsible
offices in his native State, and was connected with other public
movements, like that of the Board of Indian Commissioners, of which for
a time he was president. He was a devoted Christian man, active in the
church of which he was a member, and deeply interested in the missionary
and benevolent boards of the Congregational churches. He was for a long
time a vice-president of our Association.

       *       *       *       *       *


"Servant of God, well done!
  Rest from thy loved employ!
The battle fought, the victory won,
  Enter thy Master's joy!"

This may be fittingly said of Rev. G.S. Smith, who for thirteen years
was pastor of the Congregational Church at Raleigh and McLeansville,
N.C., and who entered into rest on the 12th of last August. Memorial
services were held on the 26th of August in the church where he had long
and faithfully conducted the worship of his people. Addresses were made
by those who had been intimately associated with him in his work, which
testified to the earnestness and success of his ministry. The best proof
of his work is to be seen in the intelligence and virtue of the
community in which he labored.

Our field missionary in a recent visit speaks in this way: "It is very
rare to find colored people under such discipline and so orderly and
intelligent in meetings. The faces of the old people are sunny and
sweet, they are so attentive and appreciative and so responsive. The
young people were at the meeting in large numbers. It will give you an
uplift from your work to spend a day or two with the people of this
place in meetings such as they now hold."


       *       *       *       *       *



This new field of work, which was reported for the first time at our
annual meeting last year, is one of unique and especial interest. Two
years ago the steamship Kaiser Wilhelm arrived in New York with one
hundred and sixty-six Waldenses among her steerage passengers. These
people came from the Piedmont valley and mountain regions of Italy.
Their purpose in coming to America was to establish for themselves homes
in our own mountain region of the South. This little company that came
down from the deck of the Kaiser Wilhelm were the pioneers in the
establishment of their colonies in this new land. They were rather the
Pilgrim Fathers of this Waldensean movement. Before the actual colonists
had come, Rev. Chas. A. Tron, D.D., pastor of the Waldensean Church, and
member of the Board of Evangelization in Italy, had been to the mountain
regions of North Carolina, and after careful investigation had purchased
a tract of land for these Waldensean colonists.

Soon after the coming of these Waldenses, correspondence was opened with
them by the American Missionary Association. The colony was to be
planted in the midst of our great mountain field, and we had every
confidence that the coming of these conscientious and devoted Christian
colonists would be of real helpfulness in our work there. Rev. C.M.
Prochet, D.D., whose name is well known to the readers of this magazine,
and to the Christian public generally, came to look after the interests
of the Waldensean colony not long after their first settlement. In
conference with Drs. Tron and Prochet, and after learning thoroughly the
condition of their colony, an appropriation was voted by the Executive
Committee to assist them in the beginning of their work, as they were in
great need of such help.

These Waldenses have begun their settlement in America in a wise and
sensible way. Let us notice their business-like arrangement before
speaking of the interesting educational and religious work which has
developed among them with the assistance of the Association.

They have purchased five thousand acres of land. In dividing this land,
they first set aside a portion for a church and manse, together with a
small farm for the use of the pastor. Then they set aside a good,
commodious site for the school-house. After this a considerable portion
of the land, three thousand five hundred acres in extent, is divided
into farms of fifty acres each.

In addition to this first company who came on the Kaiser Wilhelm, others
have come at various times until there is a considerable colony there.
These people are poor. They come from the splendid stock of Waldenses
who have been so potent a factor in freeing thousands in France and
Italy from the degrading superstitions of Romanism. As all our readers
know, the Waldenses have stood for religious freedom from first to last
The fibre of their character has been tested through many a conflict.
Dr. Edward Everett Hale, who told the story of the Waldensean heroism
and devotion in the beautiful legend "In His Name," brings out the noble
features of their character in soft, yet bright colors. It is most
fitting that our Congregational churches through the Association should
welcome this new colony and extend to them the right hand of Christian
fellowship. This they have done.

As soon as the colony was established and the people were felling the
forests and building their humble homes, they applied to us for
assistance for the support of the pastor and teacher. The colonists
themselves made large sacrifices, and only asked us to assist them in
the support of their religious and educational leaders.

Rev. Enrico Vinay, a native of Italy, was their first pastor. Mr. M.A.
Jahier, was selected as their teacher. Mr. Jahier, together with Dr.
Tron, was in conference with us in New York, and the simple, Christian
character and progressive educational ideas of the Waldensean teacher
charmed and impressed us all. He went into the field and opened a school
and Sunday-school at Valdese, as the colonists call their mountain

The Rev. Enrico Vinay remained with the people for nearly a year, being
in regular correspondence with the officers of this Association. He was
then called to another field, and Rev. B. Soulier was chosen as their
pastor. Mr. Soulier is also a native of Italy. He is a thoroughly
educated young man, and speaks English readily. He was educated in his
own school in Italy, and completed a course at Edinburgh University in
Scotland. His work is proving most successful.

Such is the interesting and providential beginning of our work in
conjunction with these Waldenses in this field. We have this new problem
upon our hearts and treasury. Who can say that God has not led us into
this work, and opened this opportunity for helpful and sympathetic
co-operation with these earnest Christian people who have settled in our
southern mountains?

In the reports which have been regularly received from this field, very
many items of great interest have been recorded. The Waldenses, above
everything else, are Christian patriots. They love the fatherland and
they love also America, the land of their adoption. In one of the
reports from Mr. Jahier, the following interesting information is given:

"Sunday, June 24th, I preached to a good and attentive congregation. I
had the Sunday-school at half past eight and the preaching at ten in the
morning, and prayer-meeting at four in the afternoon. At this last
service I went to a farm called Baziglia. It is named for a place in one
of the valleys of Piedmont--a place which is noted as a fortress during
the persecutions of the Waldensean Church. It was the refuge of the
Waldenseans when they reconquered their native country after their exile
in Switzerland, Germany, etc., and in memory of that famous place, two
or three families gave to their farms the same name. The Fourth of July
was celebrated here at the school-house. There were forty-four children.
I spoke to them of the independence of the United States of America, its
founders, its Declaration of Independence, etc. For July and August it
is impossible to have the day school; it is too hot, but I will continue
the night school, D.V., at least for two or three nights a week. The
Sunday-school will go on as usual--no vacation for the Sabbath school."

The old fortress of Baziglia witnessed many heroic efforts of the early
Waldenses, both in defense and attack. The name is very dear to the
children of the earlier heroes, who have established Valdese in this
land, and so named some of their farms and homes Baziglia. The glimpse
given us in the quotation above, of the life in this Waldensean colony,
is an impressive picture and a most hopeful prophecy. These Waldenses
can not prove "dangerous foreigners" who come to our shores with earnest
Christian plans and purposes, and read the Declaration of Independence
to their children on their first Fourth of July in America!

Photographs of the buildings at Valdese were recently sent to our
office. Among others was one of the manse and one of the school-house.
These two buildings are of especial interest to our constituency,
because we help the pastor and teacher. Over the school-house in which
our pupils gather was floating the stars and stripes. These earnest
people who celebrate the Fourth of July, who read publicly our
Declaration of Independence, who plant the stars and stripes on the top
of their school building, are the kind of foreigners that we need, and
they certainly merit our most cordial assistance in the beginning of
their life in our land.

In church polity the Waldensean Church differs slightly from our
Congregational sisterhood. The local church is independent in the
direction of its affairs. They have a "Board of Evangelization" which
has supervision of their churches. Dr. Tron, a member of this board and
president of the American branch, has properly great influence with the
local church. The Waldensean Church naturally looks to Dr. Tron and Dr.
Prochet for counsel and direction. This church at Valdese recognizes
itself as in fellowship with our great Congregational body, and
especially with the local churches of North Carolina.

This new and interesting field has opened more and more largely during
the past year, as additional colonists have come to our shores. Despite
the financial embarrassment of our treasury, we rejoice that we have
been able to assist these brave and patriotic Christian people in
establishing themselves in this mountain region of the South. We believe
the opportunity of assistful co-operation with them is one that God has
opened to us. We have every confidence that the descendants of Pilgrims
and Puritans will rejoice in the privilege of assisting those in whose
hearts there is the same passionate desire for religious freedom, and
who are the children of equally heroic stock.

       *       *       *       *       *



In one of my visits to a neglected home I found a little orphan boy of
ten years whom I invited to our mission Sunday-school, and he seemed
pleased to know he had a friend. I had told them, during my visits, of
our little Sunday-school, and as I was leaving I gave him a little
Sunday-school card with a beautiful verse of scripture and asked him if
he could read, whereupon, he answered, "No;" then I asked his
foster-mother if she would teach him the text--she promised, as by this
time she too was getting interested. I left them seemingly glad for the
little time I had spent with them in their home.

Some time after this I was going down town, moving briskly along, when a
small boy came plump up against me, saying, "Hello, mister! don't you
know me? You're the Sunday-school man which was to our house. I know
you." "O yes, I know you now," and I said, "tell me about yourself." "I
have been to Sunday-school four Sundays, and have a nice teacher, and
enjoy going very much; we are in a little class and have lesson-picture
papers, and I like it so much I want to go every Sunday and all the
time. I know a boy who does not go to Sunday-school, and he has promised
to go with me next Sunday."

Saturday evening, June 2d, it was my privilege to meet with the Mossy
Grove Christian Endeavor Society. About forty-five young people were
present and took a hearty part in the meeting--quite a number joined in
prayer during the twenty minutes' prayer service. This service was all
the more interesting because a work of our planting, and from a very
small beginning has grown and is full of Christian earnestness.

This was the home of the "unfortunate man" I had found as I went through
the mountains. It was my privilege to look into that man's face and note
the change that had come to him. In the Sunday-school I was teacher of
his class. He seemed interested in the lesson and showed evidence of
being a changed man. As I preached of the "sprinkled blood" he somehow
appreciated all the more how he had been rescued. In the house-to-house
work among this people I found many encouraging results and think our
work there will develop until we have a church organization.

In one county I found a number of people off by themselves in a little
nook of a valley, but not over two miles from Sunday-school and church,
yet not attending. As I went into their homes and talked about their
opportunities and duties, many promises were given that the future would
find them more active for themselves and children. One man who had not
been in Sunday-school for four years made a humble confession, and
pledged that he would go to work. He spoke of his early life with its
Christian activities, and now when he has a family he has neglected to
take them and go to the house of God. So many men are waiting for
somebody to lead them to their duty--they see it and know it--but have
not moral courage to go forward unless encouraged in some special way.

On Children's Day I was in Pleasant View, and am sure if our Northern
friends could have looked in and have seen the bright, happy children
that were engaged in their first Children's Day service they would have
been encouraged and rejoiced. Of course the service was far from
perfect, but while this was true they were having a new experience. I
had told them about Children's Day, and urged them to use our order of
exercises, which they did, but the songs and recitations were too hard
for most of them; yet, as I saw the real effort and interest, I could
not restrain the "well done." But this was not all; I was again to be
surprised when the names were called and the "little envelopes"
presented with their "little Children's Day offering." They were happy
in the thought of doing something for the good people who had aided
them. They are very poor people and cannot do much, but a great change
has come over them since I first found them. Our Christian Endeavor
meeting that day was one of profit and help to all. One little boy about
ten years old led in prayer.

During the month there have been two hopeful conversions and many
evidences of spiritual strengthening and growth. On the other hand,
hundreds are waiting for some one to help them "while the water is
troubled." In all the meetings of the month there has been a marked
evidence of spiritual interest.

       *       *       *       *       *



After I had preached recently at Naperville, Ill., Sunday morning, upon
our mountain work, using the big map, a couple of ladies came forward
and introduced themselves as descendants of John Sevier, the Huguenot
"commonwealth builder" in the mountains of Tennessee, the hero of King's
Mountain, as I had represented him to be. One of the ladies was Mrs.
Knickerbocker, her husband being one of the most respected citizens of
that place--his own stock being that indicated by his name. She is now,
as she has been for many years, the lady principal of the college in
that town connected with the Evangelical Association Church. Her mother
was a Sevier and her father, Rev. John Cunningham, a Presbyterian
minister from Jonesboro, East Tennessee, who came early to Illinois to
get away from slavery, and who served acceptably that Congregational
Church of Naperville. She was a granddaughter of John Sevier. The other
descendant was Miss Sevier, a great-great-granddaughter, a cultivated
young lady, who was a teacher in a college in Ohio.

It was at least a noticeable coincidence that out here upon these
western prairies two of those worthy representatives should confront the
preacher, who found his response to be, "Well, I didn't say anything bad
about John Sevier, did I?" What a grand coalescing of blood was that
which in the gathering of our nation brought Knickerbocker and Huguenot,
Scotch, Irish and English and Germans, with congenial Danes and Swedes,
into our people's life. It was also a bond of union, North and South,
too strong to be separated by civil strife. It is an element in the
make-up of the South that will ever be a conservative force in behalf of
theology, of law and order, of Puritan institutions.

       *       *       *       *       *



I write to acquaint you with the facts concerning Columbus, N.C., both
as regards church and school work. You are already aware of the good
work accomplished there by our Brother Olinger. Something like thirty
young people were converted through his efforts, and now the call comes
for the organization of a church. The only church organization there has
monthly meetings only and a minister uneducated.

The County Commissioners have signified their willingness to turn over
the upper room in the Court House for church purposes, until some other
arrangement could be made.

The most active person in the new enterprise is a member of another
denomination, but is in favor of a Congregational church, as it would
most likely meet the wants of new-comers of different churches.

As regards the school matter, I understand that a friend proffers to
give to any church or individual who will establish and maintain a
college an excellent site of ten acres, on a prominence affording a
beautiful view of the surrounding country; and it is further reported
that he will give, in addition to the site, one thousand dollars.

Columbus is situated in a very thickly populated section of the country,
and Mr. Stearns, of Cleveland, Ohio, has erected two school buildings
suitable for primary work, and already has employed two Congregational
teachers at his own expense. The results obtained after two years' work
are marvelous, thus showing that the mountaineers are extremely anxious
to obtain an education; and in proportion to the increase of facilities
for so doing, the results would increase.

       *       *       *       *       *



Three thousand people were present at the Commencement exercises of
LeMoyne Institute, Memphis. That vast audience paying an admission fee
on an inclement evening to attend the closing-exercises gives evidence
of the strong hold LeMoyne Institute has on the people.

The essays and orations were thoughtful addresses on the practical
questions of the day. The meeting of the alumni association evinced the
high regard in which Professor Steele and his corps of teachers are held
by the graduates. The association expressed their intention to aid
Professor Steele to sustain departments of the industrial work that had
to be given up on account of hard times.

An amusing and interesting incident, which illustrates the struggles of
many of the parents to educate their children as well as their faith in
God, occurred at the alumni dinner of Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn.
At the close of the Commencement, Rev. H.H. Holloway, of Turin, Ga., the
father of one of the graduates, was called upon for an after-dinner
speech. Mr. Holloway told of a letter he received from President Cravath
when he felt compelled, owing to the hard times, to have his son John,
who had been in the University only four months, return home. Mr.
Holloway, being unable to decipher the president's writing (the
president's chirography resembles that of the late Horace Greeley--ED.),
asked a Southern minister of his village to read it. The minister read
the letter, and advised him not to waste his son's time with a college
course; this did not prove good logic to Mr. Holloway, as he observed
that this minister's son was taking a college course of study without
wasting his time.

We will let Mr. Holloway tell the rest of the story of the letter and
his prayer in his own words: "Not being satisfied with the minister's
advice I went that night down into the woods and knelt beside a
hickory-tree, with the letter spread out, and prayed as follows: 'Lord
here is a letter from Dr. Cravath; I suppose you know him. Here is his
letter which I cannot read, but I am told that you can read as well in
the dark as you can in the light. Dr. Cravath says for me to do all I
can for my son, and look to you for the balance. Now I cannot do
anything for my son; if he is to be aided you must do all, for one thing
is certain I have no money; you have left none with me, and I do not
know with whom you have left it. Now, dear Lord, I leave this whole
matter with you. In your own way and time do for my son what seems best.
I cannot do anything. I ask it all for Jesus' sake. Amen.' I repeated
about the same prayer the following night, and then left it all with the
Lord. In about two weeks I received a letter from my son stating that
some one had put two hundred and fifty dollars in the bank at Nashville
to his account to aid him through college. I considered it the direct
answer to my prayer. This is the proudest day of my life to see my son
John graduate from Fisk University. May the blessing of God rest upon it
and upon the Association which founded and fosters it."

There was an unusual number of the parents of the graduates at this
Commencement. Some of the addresses and scenes recalled the words of the
aged Simeon when our Lord was presented in the temple. There were
fathers and mothers who at great sacrifice had come from Alabama,
Georgia, Kentucky, Missouri and other States to see this famous school
and witness the graduating exercises of their children. They spoke out
of hearts full of gratitude to their Northern friends for making it
possible for their children to fit themselves for their life-work in the
schools of the American Missionary Association.

An ordination service of special interest was held at Atlanta, Ga., in
July, when Mr. H.H. Proctor was ordained to the gospel ministry as
pastor of the First Church. He is twenty-five years old, one of "Uncle
Tom's" sons, and is a graduate of Fisk University and Yale Divinity
School. This was the first ordination held in this church, and the first
Negro pastor to serve it, as all the former pastors were Northern men.
Already all departments of the church have taken on new life, and the
future is full of hope. This is one of our largest and most influential
churches of the South, and starts out auspiciously with Pastor Proctor,
as a self-supporting church.

The Second Church of Memphis, Tenn., which has been self-supporting for
a number of years, reports a year of prosperity under its new pastor,
Rev. George V. Clark. The building has been renovated, and over fifty
persons added to the church. The church at Chattanooga, Tenn., with Rev.
Jos. E. Smith as pastor, has made heroic struggles during these hard
times as a self-supporting plant. At times the struggle has seemed
greater than they could bear, but in the midst of all they have been
cheered and sustained by the Lord. The new parsonage at Marietta, Ga.,
gives Pastor Lane a pleasant home. Our church at this point is near the
Kenesaw Mountains, where Sherman shouted to his soldiers, "Hold the
fort, for I am coming."

The people at Louisville were glad to have the field missionary expound
our New Testament polity to them at the second anniversary of the
dedication of their chapel. Pastor Harris has some earnest workers in
his church. Dr. Whedbee, the superintendent of the Sunday-school and the
president of the Christian Endeavor, is a graduate from Howard
University. He has an excellent practice, and is a devoted Christian

I must close these notes with an example of church work that shows what
can be done in our Southern field when pastors and people have a wise
direction and a mind to work. I find the following record in the minutes
of the Tennessee Association for 1893. "Nashville, Howard Chapel. The
church is not prosperous. Services have been discontinued. An effort,
however, is to be made to revive and develop the life and power of the
church." This effort took form in the appointment by the Association of
Rev. J.E. Moorland, of Washington, D.C., as pastor last October. The
appointment was made for ten months, with a view of continuance if the
work proved fruitful. What has been the result of these ten months just
ended? The church has been revived, its membership increased to
seventy-five, congregations large and growing, a nourishing
Sunday-school and mission school, two preaching services on the Lord's
day, and a vigorous Y.P.S.C.E.; a wide-awake mid-week service, a woman's
missionary society, and a sewing-school for girls. The church edifice
has been renovated at a cost of three hundred dollars, and a parsonage
is being erected. For intelligence, Christian character and progressive
work, this church is considered the best among colored people in the

       *       *       *       *       *



May 31st was a proud day for Gloucester County, Va., for not only was
Hon. Frederick Douglass to give the annual address, but the new
dormitory called "Douglass Hall" was to be used for the first time. With
only the roof on and but partially covered, still the lower story had
been temporarily floored and seated so that a thousand persons could be
accommodated. Although the previous twenty-four hours had been dark and
rainy the crowd had been gathering all the time--many of whom
accompanied the Holly Grove Brass Band in early morning to escort Mr.
Douglass and other visitors from the river to the school building.

After breakfast the school went on with its regular forenoon work,
interesting the visitors, who also inspected the barn, the workshops and
farm. By noon the campus and vicinity was a wonderful sight, while the
outskirts reminded one of an old-fashioned general training in
Connecticut, with its booths and tables. An official count of teams on
the campus as reported to me was, 357 horse, 7 mule teams, and 1 ox
team. Many of these had driven fifty or sixty miles, and generally
carrying the fodder behind or tied under the wagons. There were from
1,500 to 2,000 people on the grounds and vicinity.

At 1:30 p.m., after a well prepared lunch for the trustees and invited
guests, they were escorted by the school, headed by the band, to the new
hall, which was soon filled to its utmost capacity. With excellent music
by the school and band, followed by prayer, came not the least important
part of the programme, the collection and pledges towards completing the
building. Including the admission fee of twenty-five cents from
outsiders, the money raised was over three hundred dollars, besides over
eight hundred dollars in good pledges, of which two hundred and fifty
dollars were from Mr. Douglass and his relatives present. Then followed
an address on "Self Help," by a young man graduate, and another by a
young woman on "A New Picture," contrasting the present surroundings
with the time when she first entered the school in its beginnings under
Mr. Weaver, in a small log-house with one door and two windows. These
addresses would have done credit to many older institutions.

Mr. Douglass then followed with his incomparable lecture on "Self-Made
Men." One could but feel in seeing his magnificent physique and his
manly bearing as he proceeded, that he was a most notable example of his
subject, while to report his lecture, with its impromptu sallies of wit
and wisdom, would be almost impossible. He instanced many men as
illustrations and especially interested his audience with stories of
personal interviews with Lincoln, Seward, Greeley, Stanton, Grant and
others during and after the war.

But most thrilling was the story of a slave boy and his following him
from his early years, his learning to read and write, his conversion and
desire to become a preacher, praying for three or four years, every
morning, noon and night, that God would set him free, and how that his
prayers were not answered till he prayed with his heels. At about
seventeen years he ran away, reaching Massachusetts, where he publicly
told his story, till, hearing that the slave catchers were after him, he
fled to England, where he lectured till his English friends purchased
him from his late master for $750, when he returned to his native land
and worked in the anti-slavery cause till by the war every bondman was
free. He has since served his country as U.S. Minister to Hayti, U.S.
Marshal at Washington, and in other positions of trust, and also tried
to serve his race to the best of his ability. It needed not that he
should further identify himself, but if so he could do it by the scars
on his back and the "bill of sale" of himself in his pocket.

Mr. Douglass believed most heartily in Cappahosic, and has two very
efficient granddaughters there, one at the head of the culinary
department, and the other as teacher.

Short addresses followed by Rev, Mr. Spiller, of Hampton, Va., Mr. Lewis
Douglass, and the editor of the _Afro-American_, Rev. M. Alexander, of
Baltimore, Md. The writer told of, and is glad here to bear witness to,
the noble, self-denying labors of Mr. and Mrs. Weaver and their corps of
teachers and scholars during these struggling years, as also to the
growing and earnest help of the people around them in sustaining the
school to so large a degree. They appreciate most highly the fostering
care and help of this Association, and hope that within a few years they
may be able to take the entire pecuniary burdens upon themselves.

Mr. Holmes told of the breaking of the ground for the new building last
winter, under very trying difficulties, with little to draw upon but
their oft-proved Bank of Faith and Prayer, and of Mr. Weaver's coming
North for help, and his return, telling his wife he hardly ever felt so
discouraged. She handed him a letter which came in his absence. On
opening it, he exclaimed, "Bless the Lord! here is a check for $250."
Reading the letter, he shouted, "Praise the Lord! it is $2,500," and he
has been praising Him ever since and praying for more, for he needs
about twice as much to complete and furnish the building, which is 70x46
feet, and three stories high.

The people of Gloucester and adjacent counties have taken about a dozen
rooms to finish and furnish at a cost of $50 to $100 each, and yet there
will be many more wanted by the boys for the coming winter. All the
work, including the plans and supervision, has been done by colored men,
assisted quite largely by the boys of the school. Who will supplement
the magnificent gift of Mrs. Powers of Philadelphia by small or large

       *       *       *       *       *


One of our deacons is the father and grandfather of a large number of
people among whom he lives, and by whom he is greatly honored. He and
his aged wife, who is good as can be, like himself, toil for their
living all the week, and walk six miles Sunday morning to church.
Sometimes she fails, for she is not quite so strong as her husband, but
he is seldom absent. One of his sons-in-law, who has himself a son in
Talladega College, is the most prompt and regular attendant the church
has, and he comes the same six miles. These are not only faithful in
church attendance, but are also to be counted among the truest of
upright, honest, pure, industrious people.

Between twenty and twenty-five years ago, when they did not have homes
of their own, they rented of a man, who, like Shylock, would hold them
close to their bargain. One year the "destroyer" came, and crops were
short everywhere. When the day was at hand for the landlord to come with
his wagons for his share of the crop, they were greatly distressed.
Acting upon the advice of a Christian woman, who was among them as their
first teacher, they observed a day of rigid fasting and earnest prayer.
"They were heard in that they feared." The dreaded day arrived; the man
came with his wagons. In fear and trembling they turned everything over
to him, but to their surprise he kindly said that he knew it had been a
bad year. His crops, also, had been ruined. He loaded up a little, but
left them enough for seed another year, and something to live on
besides, and drove most of his wagons home empty.

For twenty-one or twenty-two years on the anniversary of that fast day
all work has stopped, and a fast as rigid as the first, with special
religious services, has been kept, and on June 21st a day of
thanksgiving. On the first, which is in February, they ask for God's
special blessing on the seed about to be planted, and on the work of
their hands for the year, and on the day in June they praise the Lord
for what prosperity they have enjoyed in the past. It was my privilege
to attend both of these anniversaries this year. I found the people
earnest, intelligent and _strictly moral_. These people appreciate the
American Missionary Association and her work in their behalf. It would
be long before they could themselves sustain such institutions as the
Association has placed among them, but they are disposed to do so as
rapidly as they become able.

       *       *       *       *       *



(_Graduate of Class of 1894, Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn._)

  On a hillside near a turnpike,
    Just a mile or so from town,
  In a double room log-cabin,
    Lives a hero of renown.
  There beneath a shady maple,
    Summer evenings warm and fair,
  You may find my swarthy hero
    Calmly smoking, in his chair.

  You've heard of Uncle Tom, most likely,
    And his old log-cabin, too;
  But for fear you've nothing recent,
    I proceed to enlighten you.
  "Ah!" say you, "I've heard the story
    As it's told by Mrs. Stowe,
  That old man is dead and buried,
    Must be years and years ago."

  Prithee, check your swift conclusion,
    What you say can scarce be so,
  For I know that this one's living
    That I saw two hours ago.
  Old and gray, and slightly stooping,
    Black as ebony in hue,
  He's a type of times departed,
    Tho' he still survives the new,

  Talks as if he owned a quarry,
    Where they hew out slabs of gold,
  Tho' to-day he gathered berries,
    Which he took to town and sold.
  Never was a hinder hostess
    Than his old wife, Mary Ann,
  And her baking is delightful
    (To a very hungry man).

  Thither went I in the gloaming,
    For a night with Uncle Tom;
  In the yard we "took it easy"
    Till the supper time was come.
  In a home-made crib beside him
    Cooed a yearling partly dressed;
  'Round his chair a dirty dozen
    Whooped and yelled like all possessed.

  "Lord a' mercy! Here's de teacher!
    Chil'en run and fetch a chair;
  'Fo' you come back dress yourselves,
    An' git the keards and com' yer hair."
  Sweeping over, children scattered,
    Dogs and cats sent to the rear,
  Uncle Tom, his pipe resuming,
    Once more settled in his chair.

  "I laid off to come to see ye
    During o' de week dat's passed;
  Must be scorin' de chil'en heavy,
    Kase dey're learnin' pow'ful fast.
  I believe in edication
    When you teach it wid a pole;
  Den you make 'im wise but humble,
    Ruin his back out save his soul.

  "Some folks b'lieve in pettiu' chil'en;
    But I've raised enough to know,
  Sho's you spare de rod you spile 'em.
    Don't the Good Book tell you so?"
  "Yes; but Uncle Tom," I quoted,
    "Love will win where force will fail;
  Men are honest made by trusting
    In their honor"--"Dat's a tale;

  "Never ketch me trustin' people,
    Do dey're deacons in de church;
  Folks dat trust in human nature
    Allus git left in the lurch.
  Der's some migh'y funny things put up
    In dese packages called men,
  And good folks do mighty bad things
    Sometimes, jest bekase dey kin."

       *       *       *       *       *

  "Mr. Teacher, come to supper,"
    (And the chimney piece struck nine)
  "After dat we'll drive to meetin',
    'Viding you are of de min'.
  Tell me you are Congregationan;
    First I ever heard de name;
  Must be like de Presbyter'an--
    Name sounds very much de same."

  An the simple meal proceeded,
    Quickened by the savory food,
  Uncle Tom, from cynic terseness,
    Fell into a happier mood.
  "I was overseer in slave time,
    And a mean un, so dey say,
  Strapped Ma' Ann so much, ha! ha!
    She married me to git away.

  "In dem times we done some _talkin'_,
    But this _writin'_ business--shaw!
  I have seen de time, I tell ye,
    I could talk a lady so
  She would pull her fan to pieces
    Barely answering 'Yes' or 'No.'"

       *       *       *       *       *

  Then I talked while he sat silent,
    Gave a lecture broad and deep;
  Hark! what sounds from the dim corner?
    Ah! my host has fallen asleep.
  Asleep! And his slumber is that of contentment,
    Dreaming and smiling o'er memories fond.
  Asleep! And he slumbers in ignorance blissful
    Of the great busy world his cabin beyond.

  How small is the light that illumines his pathway,
    And his noonday how like to the darkness of night;
  Yet he keeps in the beam directing his footsteps,
    So must his intent be accounted for right.
  I would not, I dare not, sit in Judgment upon thee,
    Tho' the light on thy path be less bright than on mine,
  But rather come to the fulness of duty
    In my life as thou hast so well done in thine.

       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *



The church at Two Kettle Village on the Cheyenne was dedicated May 19th.
I was delighted to receive an invitation from Mr. Riggs to accompany the
party from Oahe. We crossed the Missouri River in a boat, and on the
other side took the carriage that had to be sent around by Pierre, an
extra distance of thirty-two miles, in order to cross on the bridge.
Doctor and Mr. Frederick Riggs, from Santee, now joined us, and the day
being pleasant, the prairie covered with the wild flowers so abundant
here, we had a most delightful drive.

About one o'clock we met missionaries and delegates from all parts of
the Indian field at a place previously agreed upon, and there spent a
most agreeable hour in social chat, and discussing the contents of our
lunch boxes. A ride over the prairie is an excellent appetizer, and
missionaries so exiled most of the time from all but a few of their own
race, find these occasional meetings most pleasant, but having a long
ride still before us, and a river to ford before dark, we were soon
again on our way. About sundown we came in sight of the memorial church.
It is situated on a little hill, and facing the Cheyenne River, and a
lovely, picturesque valley, rendered more attractive just now by the
numerous Indian tents scattered singly or in groups over the grass near
the river.

Just before our party reached the ford, two of our missionaries, Mrs.
Griffiths and Miss Dodge, were driving across, and the river being very
high, the horse stumbled into a hole, but some Indians watching them
from the bank went quickly to their assistance. They were soon taken
ashore in another conveyance, but not before getting thoroughly drenched
and gaining the admiration of the Indians for their courage. Reaching
the camping-ground tired and hungry, it was pleasant to find a large new
tent, made and erected by the Indian women, for the use of the white
women of our party. Mr. Riggs's larger one, near by, was used by the
men. The tents were all the round kind, used by Indians, with poles
projecting from the top, and an opening left for the smoke of our little
fire in the center, for the cool evenings made a fire very desirable.
The opening for a door is a little more than three feet high.

The wife of the native pastor, Mrs. Phelps, had an abundant and
appetizing supper ready for us. Our white ladies could but express their
admiration for the composure and quiet dignity with which this Indian
woman, who could not speak or understand English, entertertained, from
Saturday until Monday, about thirty-five white people and natives at her
table, and in a house of one room. She was a Martha we might emulate in
this, for though careful for the needs and comfort of all, even the
group of Indian women and children, whom she fed sitting on the floor in
one corner of the room, while her table was surrounded by her most
honored guests, she never seemed troubled and anxious, and received
offered help quietly, never letting her extra duties keep her from the
meetings. Before we spread our blanket beds in the tent, the women
brought us dry grass to make them more comfortable, and we were all
invited into the house each evening for worship before retiring.

On Sunday morning early we gathered in the neat little white chapel,
made bright with numerous bouquets of wild flowers from the prairie. The
grave of Elizabeth Winyan, that noble Indian woman whose life was spent
in earnest missionary work among her own people, is near by, and the
church is a fitting memorial. The Indians came from far and near, and
filled the church till some had to sit on the floor for lack of seats,
but this they did not mind, for, judging by the long hair and Dakota
dress, we know many were but little used to the customs of civilized

The dedicatory prayer was offered by Doctor Riggs, and then followed the
examination of two candidates for the ministry--Edwin Phelps, the son of
Elizabeth Winyan, and her nephew, Elias Gilbert. The services and
examinations were all in the Dakota language, but the intense interest
and earnestness of the audience, as well as of those taking part, made
them very impressive, even to those who hearing could not understand.

After a short intermission for dinner the council convened, and Dr.
Riggs, acting as interpreter, so all might understand, the examination
was concluded, and the two men who have been working so acceptably for
the Master for some time were ordained to the Christian ministry, and
received the right hand of fellowship, extended by Rev. C.F. Reed, of
Pierre. Then followed the double wedding of two couples, who wished the
sanction of Christian marriage to unions entered into according to the
customs of their people in the past, but which are rapidly passing away
before the enlightenment of the present. Several children were then
brought forward for baptism, and the sacred promises of Christian
training were made by parents who desire much for their children, but
who are so unfit to lead, knowing but dimly the way themselves.

Oh, that we might gather more into Christian schools, that intelligent
as well as earnest Christians may be the leaders among these people in
the future. Seven members were received into the church, and then we
gathered a happy Christian congregation of two races, but one spirit,
around the table of our Lord. It was a fitting ending to the delightful,
helpful services of the day.

But a little later, there was still another meeting in the evening that
will not soon be forgotten by those who were present. After the sun went
down, in the long twilight that lingers so late here, the women gathered
in a large circle on the green grass for a women's meeting. There were
about forty women present, including those who formed a row outside, who
wore the Dakota costume, and wished only to see and hear from outside,
and come in at last to the feast. The meeting was led by Mrs. T.L.
Riggs; portions of Scripture were read, prayers offered, and remarks
made by the Dakota women. All entered heartily into the singing, which,
like all the services, was in Dakota. Then each of the white women
present spoke a few words of kindness and encouragement to the women,
and their remarks were interpreted by Mrs. Riggs. After the close of
this meeting the men were escorted to the center of the circle, and
soup, which had been preparing in numerous kettles near by, was served
to all.

We were glad to sit in the circle with those Indian mothers and speak to
them of their children, our love for them, and how we were trying to
help them. One could not be in such a typical gathering of Indians
without noting the intelligent faces and strength of character depicted
in them. One is continually surprised, not at the depravity of this
people, but with their many good traits, and the progress they are
making in the face of so many obstacles.

On Monday morning the council listened to reports from the field, and
then adjourned. We were now soon on our way home. About sundown we
reached the river opposite Oahe, but it was very much swollen and rapid.
While we sat on the bank and ate supper from what remained in our
provision boxes, we saw the young man who was to bring a boat across for
us, struggling against the current. As he seemed unable to cross, we
began preparations for spending the night there under the clear sky, but
at last he succeeded in crossing in a little boat, and by much hard work
and skillful rowing, taking two each time, Mr. T.L. Riggs was able
before midnight to land most of us on the other side in safety, though
the swift current and much driftwood made this somewhat hazardous. The
rest made themselves as comfortable as possible without tents, and came
over in the morning.

       *       *       *       *       *


Not long ago a collection for benevolent purposes was taken among the
Indians in the church at Fort Berthold. Supt. Hall, of the American
Missionary Association, writes the following:

"The collection amounts to $15.02, and will be increased by
out-stations. There were about twenty Indians in the congregation, and
as all were not there a messenger was sent to have another collection
taken in the evening at the meeting at Deacon Many Bears' house. Our
people are always ready to give what they can. The boys and girls of the
school, thirty-eight in number, all took a hand, giving of their
allowances or earnings. Little lame Bertha wrote her name down for
eleven cents, which was the 'widow's mite' with her. The names of some
of the Indian contributors are: Red Fox, Strieby Horn, Little Eagle,
Andrew Crow, Fighting Bear, Mrs. Two Bears, Mrs. Rough Horn, Mrs. Jack
Rabbit and Louisa Crow Tail.

"The Sunday was a cold one, ten degrees below zero, and some of our
leading members were camping out on their way with food supply from
Minot, sixty miles north over a trackless waste of snow. One Monday
morning Andrew Crow came in on horseback, with the result of the
previous evening's contribution. We get little change here, so we put
down the amount to be given on paper, and settle the account as we can
by exchanges or work. We do not have many unpaid subscriptions."

Such facts as these abundantly prove that our Indian Christians are
realizing the responsibility upon them to assist with their means in
these great missionary movements. If all the churches in the land would
give according to their ability as generously as did this Indian church
on the prairie, not one of our benevolent societies would need suffer.

       *       *       *       *       *


       *       *       *       *       *



It is everywhere, and if in our little corner we feel the first impulse
to murmur, we hear, forthwith, from the great apostle: "There hath no
trial taken _you_ but such as is common to man." And yet the trial is
none the less severe, the distress is none the less intense, because it
is universal. It may be that "misery likes company," though I could
never see why, but in this instance I can truly say, would that we
suffered alone!

I foresaw almost six months ago that the universal stringency would
bring us an empty treasury long before the close of our fiscal year. It
seemed due in justice to our workers to forewarn them of this. I told
them that I would do my best for them, but that for the months of June,
July and August this might amount to nothing; that I was not allowed,
and ought not to be, to use the resources of the new year to meet any
deficits from the old one, and that I was under solemn pledge to one of
our chief benefactors never to let the mission run in debt. Consequently
I could not and would not blame them if they ceased work and closed the
schools. I am proud to say that not one teacher was found to accept my
proposal. One of them wrote: "I am very sorry you are so short of funds.
I feel sure that

'In some way or other,
  The Lord will provide.'

At any rate I shall not join the strikers, but keep right on." Another
said: "Whatever stops, the work must not stop; pay or no pay, I shall
keep up the school." Gin Foo King wrote from San Bernardino, with a sort
of lofty contempt of the unbelief that could stop work for lack of pay:
"God will take care of us; why should we fear?" Joe Dun, the latest
addition to our force of helpers, and one from whose work for Christ I
expect glad fruitage right along, replied to my message of deep regret
that I could forward no salary to him for June services: "You need not
send money; I have rice." Rice with water to boil it in, is good enough,
some think, for any Chinaman. Perhaps it is. At any rate Joe Dun thinks
that if that is all God gives it must be all he needs. Nevertheless our
helpers, especially in the beginnings of service, must work the brain
hard, and ought to have brain nutriment. And unless I can send something
to him now, even his rice will fail.

What is thus expressed by some in words has been expressed in acts by
all. It is a great relief to know that the work is going on, and at some
points better than ever at this season of the year. It is a relief to
know that there are no broken promises, and no accumulation of debt,
involved in my failure to remit. But for this, the distress would be
intolerable; the trial greater than I could possibly bear. But when I
bring up the case of some of our most faithful and successful workers,
and realize the fact, which I know to be a fact, that they are dependent
on the little salaries they are wont to receive from me for very
subsistence, my forewarning passes out of remembrance, and the whole
burden rolls down upon my heart. God knows what he is doing, and I cast
my care upon him and rest. But it seems to me that from somewhere the
few hundreds of dollars--not more than $500 needed in addition to what I
have reason already to hope for--_must come_.

Whenever it has been possible I have thrown the responsibility of
sustaining the missions upon the localities in which they are situated.
And in many cases this responsibility has been assumed with a
cheerfulness and a generosity, considering the times, which has been
greatly encouraging to me. And I cannot but hope that herein will be
found one of the compensations for our anxiety and pain--a deeper and
more general interest on the part of Christian people in this branch of
the service of their Lord. One of the teachers, giving an account of a
meeting which she held in the interest of her mission, anticipates such
a result and says: "I feel sure that my hard, lonesome times are over,
and that after this I shall have more help and sympathy. Isn't it
wonderful how doing a hard duty will sometimes straighten out so many

I venture to close this little sketch of hard heartwork with another
quotation from this same teacher: "I sympathize with you in not being
able to pay us teachers as you would like to do when you know how we
work. But don't worry any more over me, for I shall manage splendidly
(as I always do?). I guess you feel a good deal worse over it than we
teachers do. Sacrifice is in order for missionaries and preachers, but
we get pay that the world knows not of--rewards as much above money as
heaven is above earth."

       *       *       *       *       *



       *       *       *       *       *


The Woman's Meeting will be held on Thursday afternoon, October 25th, as
one of the regular sessions of the American Missionary Association
Annual Meeting, at Lowell, Mass. The programme will include reports from
the State Unions, and missionary addresses by Miss Kate La Grange, from
the mountains of Tennessee; Miss Mary P. Lord, associate of Miss Collins
in the Indian work; and missionaries from the South.

We hope for a large attendance from ladies' and young people's
societies. Do not limit your attendance to this woman's day. Come to the
opening meeting Tuesday, and attend all the sessions. The secretary of
the Woman's Bureau will have a room at the church for a rallying point,
where the ladies and missionaries can meet for mutual acquaintance and
information. Notice of entertainment and railroad rates will be found on
last page of cover.

       *       *       *       *       *


The American Missionary Association needs the help of _every boy_. Send
to the Bible House, New York, for leaflets that will tell what the
American Missionary Association is, and what it is trying to do,
especially for the Indians.

Read the following letter, by Miss Mary P. Lord, our missionary among
the Sioux Indians, and let us know what you will do to help teach Indian
boys how to become good men:

_Dear Boys:_

No doubt you are already interested in Indians, from stories you have
read of them. And perhaps you think they are very strange people, quite
unlike white people. In some ways they are. But if you could come out
here to our little Indian village (Little Eagle Village it is called),
on the Standing Rock Reservation in Dakota, I think you would very soon
be playing with the Indian boys just as merrily as you do now with your
boy friends at home. Perhaps Ben Black Dog would show you some of the
little gumbo images that he made when the mud was soft, and then it grew
dry and hard, as the clay does that some of you use in school; and
perhaps he would show you how he makes his life-like horses and riders,
and buffaloes, and dogs, and all the rest.

One day I saw some boys playing with their gumbo figures, and heard one
of the boys say "akicita," which is the Dakota word for "soldier"; so I
suppose little Indian boys "play soldier," too! Then every Indian boy
from the time he is a baby has his pony. One ten-year-old boy was
telling me the other day what good care he tried to take of his pony,
and I was very glad he thought about it, and knew that his "Charlie"
ought to be well cared for. All the boys like to ride, but sometimes
they forget that their ponies ought to be kindly treated, and to have
proper food and rest. Indian boys have their favorite games, too, just
as white boys do, only their games are different. One is throwing long,
slender sticks, which they make in a certain way; but in order to know
just how they make and throw them, you may have to come and see them do
it. I am afraid I cannot tell you.

And they like to run, and jump, and play together very much as you do,
only (shall I say it?) I think they are more quiet in their playing than
many white boys I have seen and _heard_. They are not all alike any more
than white boys are. Some are naturally very bright and quick to think
and to act, and others not as much so. Some of the boys and men are
diligent and hard workers, while others are lazy. Some like to study,
and others like better to play. A large new Government boarding-school
has been lately built in our little village for the Dakota boys and
girls. One very cold day, a boy, perhaps fourteen years old, came
walking fifteen miles, without overcoat or mittens, and alone, to ask if
he might be received as a pupil in the new school. I think he must be
one of the boys who likes to study, and who wants to learn. Such boys
get ahead. Some Indian boys are naturally very gentle in their manner,
and although their clothing may be ragged and dirty, and the homes in
which they live are not nearly so bright and attractive as perhaps your
father's stable is, yet these boys appear as gentlemanly as if
accustomed to the little courtesies of the parlor in civilized life. One
verse in the Bible says: "As he thinketh in his heart, so is he," and I
think it is the gentle thoughts in the hearts of these Indian boys that
make some of them so truly _gentlemen_, notwithstanding their
surroundings and lack of training.

Some things that they say and do are very funny. After one of our
village boys had been to the new boarding-school two or three weeks, he
came to our house one day of an errand. While he waited, he said to
Winona (that is Miss Collins) "Do you sleep on a bed the way we do at
school?" She told him that she did, and then he said: "A long time ago,
when I was little and not very wise, I used to come here to your house,
and I always thought you slept on that table [the dining-table] but, now
I am beginning to see clearly."

The same ten-year-old friend gave me a lesson one day in digging
potatoes. And another time when he had ridden the pony Bessie to drink
at the river, his younger brother came to the house with him. The two
are as devoted brothers as any that I know, and when I reached out Ben's
pay toward him, he motioned me to give it to Daniel instead. Very likely
it was shared afterward, but at least I thought it showed a generous
spirit of brotherly love.

Fourth of July and Christmas are great days here as well as among our
white friends in the East. This year I had the pleasure of attending two
Christmas-tree celebrations. The first was at our little church
Christmas evening. The house was full, some of the boys and young men
being obliged to sit on the edge of the little platform and on the
floor, and everybody seemed happy. The next evening I drove about six
miles, to the Oak Creek Station, to share in the festivities at Cross
Bear's house. There, too, they had a tree, and a Santa Claus dressed up
in a big, shaggy, fur coat, a very tall hat decorated with Indian
designs, and in his hand he carried a stout staff on which he leaned, as
if he felt the burden of many winters. He was just as funny as your
Santa Claus, as he stood bowing and bowing, and making his little

Indians like to have a good time all together, whether it is Fourth of
July, or Christmas, or a prayer-meeting, or a feast. And we are very
thankful that now they enjoy meeting in these ways, instead of having
the old-time heathen dances. We are thankful that when we speak of
Indians now, we do not mean a race of people who are only waiting for a
chance to scalp us. They are our friends, as we are theirs.

God has been revealed to them, and they are coming out of their heathen
darkness into His light, and they are learning how to live purer and
better lives, to think new thoughts, and to be Christian men instead of
heathen savages. We who have always known of God, and heard His word,
must help them "in His name." Think, dear boys, if there is anything
that you can do.

       *       *       *       *       *




_State Committee_--Mrs. C.A. Woodbury, Woodfords;
  Mrs. A.T. Burbank, Yarmouth;
  Mrs. Helen Quimby, Bangor.



President--Mrs. Joseph B. Walker, Concord.
Secretary--Mrs. John T. Perry, Exeter.
Treasurer--Miss Annie A. McFarland, Concord.



President--Mrs. J.H. Babbitt, W. Brattleboro.
Secretary--Mrs. M.K. Paine, Windsor.
Treasurer--Mrs. Wm. P. Fairbanks, St. Johnsbury.



President--Mrs. C.L. Goodell, Boston Highlands, Mass.
Secretary--Miss Anna A. Pickens, 32 Congregational House, Boston.
Treasurer--Miss Sarah K. Burgess, 32 Congregational House, Boston.



President--Miss Ellen R. Camp, 9 Camp St., New Britain.
Secretary--Mrs. C.T. Millard, 36 Lewis St., Hartford.
Treasurer--Mrs. W.W. Jacobs, 19 Spring St., Hartford.



President--Mrs. Wm. Kincaid, 483 Green Ave., Brooklyn.
Secretary--Mrs. Wm. Spalding, 511 Orange St., Syracuse.
Treasurer--Mrs. J.J. Pearsall, 230 Macon St., Brooklyn.



President--Mrs. A.H. Bradford, Montclair.
Secret'y--Mrs. Wm. O. Weeden, Upper Montclair.
Treasurer--Mrs. J.H. Dennison, 150 Belleville Ave., Newark.



President--Mrs. A.H. Claflin, 191 Franklin St., Allegheny.
Secretary--Mrs. C.F. Yennee, Ridgway.
Treasurer--Mrs. T.W. Jones, 211 Woodland Terrace, Philadelphia.



President--Mrs. J.G.W. Cowles, 417 Sibley St., Cleveland.
Secretary--Mrs. Flora K. Regal, Oberlin.
Treasurer--Mrs. G.B. Brown, 2116 Warren St., Toledo.



President--Mrs. W.A. Bell, 221 Christian Ave, Indianapolis.
Secretary--Mrs. W.E. Mossman, Fort Wayne.
Treasurer--Mrs. F.E. Dewhurst, 28 Christian Ave., Indianapolis.



President--Mrs. Isaac Claflin, Lombard.
Secretary--Mrs. C.H. Taintor, 151 Washington St., Chicago.
Treasurer--Mrs. L.A. Field, Wilmette.



President--Mrs. T.O. Douglass, Grinnell.
Secretary--Mrs. V.H. Mullett, Clinton.
Treasurer--Miss Belle L. Bentley, 300 Court Ave, Des Moines.



President--Mrs. George M. Lane, 179 West Alexandrine Ave., Detroit.
Secretary--Mrs. J.H. Hatfield, 301 Elm Street, Kalamazoo.
Treasurer--Mrs. E.F. Grabill, Greenville.



President--Mrs. E.G. Updike, Madison.
Secretary--Mrs. A.O. Wright, Madison.
Treasurer--Mrs. C.M. Blackman, Whitewater.



President--Miss Katherine W. Nichols, 230 East Ninth Street, St. Paul.
Secretary--Mrs. C.F. Fullerton, 3016 Harriet Ave., Minneapolis.
Treasurer--Mrs. M.W. Skinner, Northfield.



President--Mrs. W.P. Cleveland, Caledonia.
Secretary--Mrs. Silas Daggett, Harwood.
Treasurer--Mrs. J.M. Fisher, Fargo.



President--Mrs. A.H. Robbins, Bowdle.
Secretary--Mrs. W.H. Thrall, Huron.
Treasurer--Mrs. F.H. Wilcox, Huron.



President--Mrs. J.T. Duryea, 2402 Cass Street, Omaha.
Secretary--Mrs. S.C. Dean, 636 31st Street, Omaha.
Treasurer--Mrs. G.J. Powell, 30th & Ohio Sts., Omaha.



President--Mrs. O.C. Clark, Missoula.
Secretary--Mrs. W.S. Bell, 410 Dearborn Ave., Helena.
Treasurer--Mrs. Herbert E. Jones, Livingston.



President--Mrs. Henry Hopkins, 916 Holmes St., Kansas City.
Secretary--Mrs. E.C. Ellis, 2456 Tracy Ave., Kansas City.
Treasurer--Mrs. K.L. Mills, 1525 Wabash Ave., Kansas City.



President--Mrs. F.E. Storrs, Topeka.
Secretary--Mrs. George L. Epps, Topeka.
Treasurer--Mrs. D.D. DeLong, Arkansas City.



President--Mrs. John Summerville, 108 Second Street, Portland.
Secretary--Mrs. George Brownell, Oregon City.
Treasurer--Mrs. W.D. Palmer, 546 Third St., Portland.



President--Mrs. A.J. Bailey, 323 Blanchard St., Seattle.
Secretary--Mrs. W.C. Wheeler, 434 South K St., Tacoma.
Treasurer--Mrs. J.W. George, 630 Fourth St., Seattle.



President--Mrs. E.S. Williams, Pacific Grove.
Secretary--Mrs. L.M. Howard, 911 Grove St., Oakland.
Treasurer--Mrs. J.M. Havens, 1329 Harrison St., Oakland.



President--Mrs. L.J. Flint, Reno.
Secretary--Miss Margaret N. Magill, Reno.
Treasurer--Miss Mary Clow, Reno.



President--Mrs. John McCarthy, Vinita.
Secretary--Mrs. Fayette Hurd, Vinita.
Treasurer--Mrs. R.M. Swain, Vinita.



President--Mrs. C.E. Winslow, Albuquerque.
Secretary--Mrs. E.W. Lewis, 301 So. Edith St., Albuquerque.
Treasurer--Mrs. A.W. Jones, Albuquerque.



President--Miss Bella Hume, corner Gasquet and Liberty Sts., New Orleans.
Secretary--Miss Matilda Cabrère, New Orleans.
Treasurer--Mrs. C.S. Shattuck, Welsh.



President--Mrs. C.L. Harris, 1421 31st Avenue, Meridian.
Secretary--Miss Edith M. Hall, Tougaloo Univ., Tougaloo.
Treasurer--Mrs. L.H. Turner, 3012 12th Street, Meridian.



President--Mrs. H.W. Andrews, Talladega.
Secretary--Mrs. T.N. Chase, Selma.
Treasurer--Mrs. H.S. DeForest, Talladega.



President--Mrs. S.F. Gale, Jacksonville.
Secretary--Mrs. Nathan Barrows, Winter Park.
Treasurer--Mrs. W.D. Brown, Interlachen.



President--Mrs. G.W. Moore, Box 8, Fisk Univ., Nashville.
Secretary--Mrs. Jos. E. Smith, 304 Gilmer Street, Chattanooga.
Treasurer--Mrs. J.E. Moreland, 1214 Grundy St., Nashville.



President--Mrs. J.W. Pickett, White Water.
Secretary--Mrs. Chas. Westley, Denver.
Treasurer--Mrs S.A. Sawyer, Boulder.



President--Mrs. G.S. Ricker, Cheyenne.
Secretary--Mrs. W.C. Whipple, Cheyenne.
Treasurer--Mrs. H.N. Smith, Rock Springs.



President--Mrs. J.H. Parker, Kingfisher.
Secretary--Mrs. L.E. Kimball, Guthrie.
Treasurer--Mrs. L.S. Childs, Choctaw City.

UTAH, (Including Southern Idaho).


President--Mrs. Clarence T. Brown, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Secretary--Mrs. W.S. Hawkes, 135 Sixth St., E., Salt Lake City, Utah.
Treasurer--Mrs. Dana W. Bartlett, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Secretary for Idaho--Mrs. Oscar Sonnenkalb, Pocatello, Idaho.



President--Mrs. J.W. Freeman, Dudley.
Secretary and Treasurer--Miss A.E. Farrington, High Point.



President--Mrs. J.M. Wendelkin, Dallas.
Secretary--Mrs. H. Burt, Lock Box 563, Dallas.
Treasurer--Mrs. C.I. Scofield, Dallas.



President--Mrs. H.B. Wey, 253 Forest Ave., Atlanta.
Secretary--Mrs. H.A. Kellam, Atlanta.
Treasurer--Miss Virginia Holmes, Barnesville.



President--Mrs. Emma Cash, 1710 Temple St, Los Angeles.
Secretary--Mrs. H.K.W. Bent, Box 443, Pasadena.
Treasurer--Mrs. Mary M. Smith, Public Library, Riverside.

[Footnote 1: For the purpose of exact information, we note that while
the W.H.M.A. appears in this list as a State body for Mass. and R.I.,
it has certain auxiliaries elsewhere.]


       *       *       *       *       *


_For the Education of Colored People._

Income for August ...$4,197.35

Previously acknowledged ...45,942.35





MAINE, $355.13.

Alfred. Cong. Ch. ...10.00

Bangor. Gertrude H. Denio, Treas., Women's Indian Ass'n,
  _for Hospital, Fort Yates, N.D._ ...50.00

Brewer. First Cong. Ch. ...19.50

Portland. State St. Cong. Ch., 150;
  St. Lawrence St. Cong. Ch., 10 ...160.00

Warren. Second Cong. Ch. ...10.00




Andover. Estate of Huldah E. Poor,
  by Frederick F. Hall, Executor ...5.63

Cumberland Center. Estate Mrs. Mary E.M. Rideout,
  by Silas M. Rideout ...100.00



NEW HAMPSHIRE, $3,270.66.

Acworth. Cong. Ch. ...7.03

Bath. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...12.40

Boscawen. Sarah E. Allen ...1.00

Concord. "Friend." ...5.00

Derry. First Cong. Ch. and Soc., to const. JOHN FOLSOM L.M. ...33.68

Hanover. "Susie's Birthday Gift," Aug. 19 ...5.00

Hanover Center. Y.P.S.C.E., by Anna R. Foss, Treas.,
  _for Building Douglas Hall, Cappahosic, Va._ ...5.29

Hopkinton. Cong. Ch. ...14.00

Keene. Prim. Dept. Second Cong. Sab. Sch.,
  _for Children's Miss'y, McIntosh, Ga._ ...5.00

Lyme. Cong. Ch. ...38.00

Milford. Mrs. Lovell Harris, deceased ...3,000.00

Nelson. Cong. Ch. ...10.00

Pembroke. First Cong. Ch. ...33.44

Peterboro. Union Evan. Ch. ...16.34

Portsmouth. North Cong. Ch. ...84.48

VERMONT, $252.24.

Barton. Cong. Ch. ...63.51

Charlotte. Cong. Ch. ...17.00

Chester. Mrs. M.S. Piper ...5.00

Derby. Cong. Ch. ...5.00

Dummerston. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...11.00

Essex. A.A. Slater ...1.00

Ludlow. Cong. Ch., 9.60;
  Y.P.S.C.E. of Cong. Ch., 5 ...14.60

Norwich. Cong. Ch. ...15.00

Rochester. First Cong. Ch. ...14.46

Roxbury. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...13.52

Saint Johnsbury. Mrs. E.D. Blodgett, 25;
  Mrs. T.M. Howard, 25 ...50.00

Saint Johnsbury. "Friends," _for Central Ch., New Orleans_ ...8.00

Townshend. Miss Ellen Ballard ...20.00

Vershire. Cong. Ch. ...4.15

West Randolph. "A Friend" ...10.00


Amherst. Cong. Ch. ...20.00

Ashfield. H. Taylor and Family ...6.00

Ashland. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...15.00

Berkley. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...21.00

Boston. Miss Cornelia Warren ...100.00

    Walnut Av. Cong. Ch. ...86.10

  Dorchester. Second Ch. ...25.00

------   211.10

Bradford. First Cong. Ch. ...23.48

Braytonville. "Earnest Workers," by Eliza M. Harrison,
  _for Needy Student Girl, Dorchester Acad._ ...5.00

Brimfield. Mrs. P.C. Browning, 12;
  Mrs. J.S. Webber, 2;
  Cong. Ch., 13.95 ...27.95

Cohasset. Mrs. R.W. Sankey ...50.00

Curtisville. Cong. Ch. ...28.00

Curtisville. "A Friend,"
  by Miss Jennie Curtis, _for McIntosh, Ga._ ...5.00

Dalton. Mrs. Louisa F. Crane, 100;
  Miss Clara L. Crane, 75,
  _for Girls' Ind'l Cottage, Tougaloo U._ ...175.00

Easthampton. First Cong. Ch. ...63.72

Easthampton. Y.P.S.C.E. First Cong. Ch., _for Tougaloo U._ ...3.00

Everett. "A Friend." ...10.00

Falmouth. First Cong. Ch. ...34.24

Fitchburg. Rev. and Mrs. John Wood ...5.00

Foxboro. Mrs. Mary Y. Phelps ...50.00

Framingham. "A Friend," _for Indian M._ ...5.00

Gilbertville. Cong Ch. ...11.04

Great Barrington. Miss Lottie Adsit,
  by Miss Jennie Curtis, _for McIntosh, Ga._ ...1.00

Holliston. Cong. Ch. ...39.86

Housatonic. Primary Class Cong. Sab. Sch.,
  _for Student Aid, Dorchester Acad._, by Miss Jennie Curtis ...2.00

Huntington. First Ch. ...2.00

Ipswich. South Ch. ...33.00

Lexington. Hancock Cong. Ch. ...33.50

Malden. Mrs. Ellen M. Wellman, to const. MRS. ABI T. HUNTLEY
  and MRS. ELEANOR F. HOWELL L. Ms ...100.00

Malden. Miss M.F. Aiken ...5.00

Marshfield. First Cong. Ch. ...28.38

Middleboro. Thomas P. Carlton,
  _for Gospels for Fort Yates, N.D._ ...1.00

Mill River. Y.P.S.C.E., by Miss Cora H. Adams, Treas. ...4.68

Monson. Cong. Ch. ...17.67

Monterey. Cong. Ch. ...14.29

Northbridge Centre. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...17.00

North Middleboro. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...20.50

Randolph. Miss Abby W. Turner ...20.00

Rockdale. Cong. Ch. ...6.00

Rockland. Cong. Ch. ...20.00

Rochester. S.S. Class of Three Girls,
  by Mrs. G.H. Gerrish, _for Indian M._ ...1.00

Sharon. Cong. Ch., 35, to const. DR. C.A. LESLIE L.M.;
  Sab. Sch. Cong. Ch., 10 ...45.00

Shelburne Falls. GEO. D. CRITTENDEN, to
const himself L.M. ...30.00

Shutesbury. "K.," _for Thunderhawk M._ ...2.00

South Deerfield. Cong. Ch. ...17.00

Springfield. White St. Cong. Ch. ...5.00

Springfield. Mrs. James D. Litchfield, _for Mountain Work_ ...1.00

Springfield. ---- ...1.00

Townsend. "Thank Offering, from a Friend,"
  to const. WILLIAM KIMBALL HAYES L.M. ...30.00

Wenham. "A Friend." ...20.00

West Medford. Sab. Sch. Classes Cong. Ch.,
  _for Pleasant Hill, Tenn._ ...10.00

Hampden Benevolent Association, by George K. Bond, Treas.:

    Chicopee. Second ...35.43

    Holyoke. Second ...75.64

    Springfield. South ...40.00

-----   151.07




Granville. Estate of Clement Holcomb,
  by M.J. Rose, Executor ...25.00

Natick. Estate of Rev. John P. Norton,
  by D.W. Farquhar, Adm'r ...300.00

Northampton. Estate of Geo. W Hubbard,
  by L. Clark Seelye and J. Whittlesey, Trustees ...1,000.00




Central Palls. Cong. Ch. ...34.35

Pace Dale. Cong. Ch. ...16.47

Providence. Pilgrim Cong. Ch. ...45.00

CONNECTICUT, $1,344.92.

Avon. Cong. Ch., 18; Y.P.S.C.E., 2 ...20.00

Bloomfield. "Friends," by Mrs. N. Bidwell, _for Thomasville, Ga._ ...9.00

Bridgeport. Second Cong. Ch. ...90.30

Brooklyn. Trin. Ch. and Sab. Sch., bal. to const.

Clinton. Dr. W.H. Williams ...25.00

Collinsville. Cong. Ch. ...22.00

East Hartford. Cong. Ch. ...7.30

Goshen. First Cong. Ch. ...26.17

Hanover. Cong. Ch. and Soc. ...25.00

Hartford. Hartford Seminary,
  by G.H. Post, Treas. Students' Ass'n. ...24.43

Kent. Cong. Ch. ...8.34

Lisbon. Cong, Ch., bal. to const. MRS. O.H. IRONS L.M. ...20.00

Madison. First Cong. Ch. ...13.33

Middletown. First Ch. ...58.12

Newington. Cong. Ch. ...52.39

New London. Mrs. Chas. B. Tompkins ...25.00

New Milford. First Cong. Ch., 72.36; Mrs. Lucy M. Turrill, 10 ...82.36

Northfield. Cong. Ch. (30 of which to const. MRS. H.C. WOLCOTT L.M.) ...74.07

Norwich Town.  "A Friend" (5.35 of Which _for Athena, Ga._) ...10.50

Old Lyme. Cong. Ch. ...17.28

Salisbury. Cong. Ch. ...16.62

South Coventry. Y.P.S.C.E. of Cong. Ch., _for Thunderhawk M._ ...15.00

Stamford. Rev. C.J. Ryder,
  _for Rosebud Indian M., Cedar Butte, S.D._ ...10.00

Thomaston. First Cong. Ch. ...11.72

Tolland. Cong. Ch. ...17.00

Washington. First Cong Ch., to const. MRS. MARY G. BRINSMADE, MISS MARY

Weathersfield Center. Cong. Ch., _for Pleasant Hill, Tenn._ ...10.00

Willimantic. Mrs. Mary A. Williams ...20.00

----. "Nutmeg" _for purchase of land at King's Mountain, N.C._ ...100.00

----. "A Friend in Conn." ...100.00

----. "A Friend in Conn." ...10.00

Woman's Cong. Home Missionary Union of Conn.,
  Mrs. W.W. Jacobs, Treas., _for Woman's Work_: ...0.00

    Norwalk. "Forget-me-not" Circle of King's Daughters
      of First Ch., _for Student Aid, Blowing Rock, N.C._ ...25.00




Berlin. Estate of Harriet N. Wilcox ...15.00

Groton. Estate of Mrs. B.N. Hurlbutt ...109.25

Pomfret. Estate of Mrs. Zara G. Comstock,
  by Wm. E. Tolman, Executor ...100.00


NEW YORK, $773.24.

Albany. "S.D.H." ...20.00

Angola. First Cong. Ch., 12; A.H. Ame, 2 ...14.00

Aquebogue. Cong. Ch. ...17.75

Buffalo. Pilgrim Miss'y Soc., F.A. Huntley, Sec.,
  _for Talladega C._ ...5.00

Buffalo. Pilgrim Cong. Y.P.S.C.E. ...0.65

Cortland. Dr. Jerome Angel ...2.00

Middle Island. Mrs. Jemina Randall, 2.15;
  Miss Lizzie M. Swezey, 2;
  Mrs. Edgar Swezey, 1, _for Thunderhawk M._ ...5.15

North Walton. Y.P.S.C.E., by Wm A. Hoyt,
  _for C.E. Hall, McIntosh, Ga._ ...20.00

Norwood. C.E. Soc. of Cong. Ch., _for Talladega C._ ...5.20

Orient. Cong. Ch. ...14.26

Oswego. Miss D.E. Sheldon, _for Alaska M._ ...50.00

Oswego. Cong. Ch. ...40.32

Penn Yan. "J.A.M." ...20.00

Perry Centre. Rachel J. Booth, _for Reindeer, Alaska M._ ...5.00

Poughkeepsie. Andrew Smith, 55;
  Soc. of Friends, 5.50;
  Cong. Ch., 4.90;
  James Husted, 1, by Miss Jennie Curtis, _for McIntosh, Ga._ ...66.40

Poughkeepsie. First Reformed Ch. ...16.61

Rochester. Mrs. Harriet Clark ...5.00

Syracuse. Plym. Cong. Ch. ...21.00

----. "A Life Member." ...15.00

Woman's Home Missionary Union of N.Y.,
  by Mrs. J.J. Pearsall, Treas., _for Woman's Work_:

    Albany. Sab. Sch., First Cong. Ch.
      _for Sch'p Fund, Howard U._ ...10.00

    Canandaigua. W.H.M.S. ...30.00

    Moravia. Mrs. W.C. Tuthill ...50.00

    Northville. W.M.S. ...5.00

    Phoenix. ---- _for Sch'p Fund, Pleasant Hill, Tenn._ ...18.00

    Rutland. Aux. ...16.90

-----  129.90




Fort Covington. Estate of Adelia Bliss, John C. Grant, Ex. ...300.00



NEW JERSEY, $15.59.

Lyons Farms. Presb. Sab. Sch., by F.W.C. Crane ...15.59


East Smithfield. W.H.M. Soc.,
  by Miss Maria Perkins, Sec., _for Thunderhawk M._ ...3.00

OHIO, $1,147.25.

Akron. Mrs. W.H. Upson, _for Tougaloo U._ ...25.00

Adams Mills. Mrs. M.A. Smith ...10.00

Ashtabula. Mrs. A.L. Case ...5.00

Brunswick. Children's Day Offering,
  by Mrs. Albert Aylard, Cl'k ...3.80

Cleveland. Pilgrim Cong. Ch. ad'l. ...90.00

Cleveland. Mrs. Fanny W. Low (2.50 of which _for Mountain Work_) ...5.00

Garrettsville. Cong. Ch. ...22.40

Gustavus. Y.P. Bible Class, Cong. Ch. ...6.00

Oberlin. Mrs. E.B. Clark ...10.00

Rootstown. Cong. Ch. ...35.40

Twinsburg. Cong. Ch. ...13.10

Ohio Woman's Home Missionary Union,
  by Mrs. Geo. B. Brown, Treas., _for Woman's Work_:

    Mount Vernon. W.M.S. ...14.00

    Springfield. First, W.M.S. ...10.00

-----   24.00




Oberlin. Estate of Amanda Porter ...897.55



ILLINOIS, $307.30.

Bone Gap. Mrs. Lu Rice ...25.00

Cambridge. Junior C.E. Soc.,
  by Daisy M. Gould, Supt., _for Children's Missionary_ ...5.00

Chesterfield. Cong. Ch. ...16.28

Elgin. "A Friend," _for education of a girl_ ...5.00

Hinsdale. Sab. Sch., _for Student Aid Talladega C._ ...75.00

Joy Prairie. Cong. Ch. ...40.00

Morrison. William Wallace ...10.00

Naperville. Cong. Ch. ...20.00

Ridgeland. Cong. Ch. ...40.87

Rio. Children's Day Coll.,
  by Mrs. H. Mansfield, _for Indian M._ ...2.00

Stillman Valley. Y.P.S.C.E. ...5.58

Illinois Woman's Home Missionary Union,
  Mrs. L.A. Field, Treas., _for Woman's Work_:

    Chicago. New Eng. W.M.S. ...35.67

    Englewood. Pilgrim Ch. ...7.00

    Oak Park. W.M.S. ...15.90

    Princeton. Jr. C.E. Soc. _for Sch'p Fund, Straight U._ ...4.00

-----   62.57

MICHIGAN, $310.36.

Ann Arbor. First Cong. Ch. ...34.00

Bellaire. Cong. Ch. ...2.03

Charlevoix. Cong. Ch. ...3.75

Detroit. Brewster Cong. Sab. Sch., by C.A. Burr, Sec. ...2.75

Grand Blanc. Cong. Ch. ...10.00

Grand Rapids. South Cong. Ch. ...12.51

Ironton. Cong. Ch. ...4.00

Kalkaska. Cong. Ch. ...2.85

Manistee. First Cong. Ch. ...12.00

Marcelona. Cong. Ch. ...2.65

Northport. J.W. Bushnell ...5.00

Rochester. JOSEPH HAWLEY to const. himself L.M. ...50.00

Saginaw. Mrs. A.M. Spencer ...4.50

Union City. Cong. Ch. ...32.91

Whittaker. A.C. Childs ...5.00

Woman's Home Missionary Union of Mich.,
  by Mrs. E.F. Grabill, Treas., _for Woman's Work_:

    Calumet. L.M.S. ...20.00

    Stanton. W.H.M.U. ...6.41

-----   26.41




Niles. Estate of Dr. James Lewis ...100.00



IOWA, $142.21.

Cedar Rapids. First Cong. Ch. ...6.93

Chester Center. Cong. Ch. and Y.P.S.C.E. ...12.21

De Witt. Cong. Ch. ...10.00

Dubuque. Ladies Miss'y Soc., Mrs. Ada M. Burgham, Sec.,
  _for Beach Institute_ ...1.90

Emmettsburg. W.H.M.U. ...3.00

Farragut. Cong. Ch. ...37.09

Keokuk. Cong. Ch. ...20.00

Newton. Cong. Ch. ...11.00

Spencer. Y.P.S.C.E. of First Cong. Ch.,
  _for Pleasant Hill, Tenn._ ...10.00

Iowa Woman's Home Missionary Union,
  Mrs. M.J. Nichoson, Treas., _for Woman's Work_: ...0.00

    Alden. W.M.S. ...2.30

    Atlantic. Y.P.S.C.E. ...2.26

    Belle Plain. W.M.S. ...7.00

    Decorah. Y.P.S.C.E., _for Sch'p Fund, Saluda, N.C._ ...8.50

    Genoa Bluff. W.M.S. ...2.00

    Grinnell. W.M.S. ...8.02

-----   30.08

WISCONSIN, $378.61.

Ashland. Cong. Ch. ...37.90

Clinton. Cong. Ch., to const. REV. F.N. DEXTER, L.M. ...43.45

Footville. Cong. Ch. ...5.00

North Greenfield. Mr. and Mrs. O.W. Paine ...5.00

Wauwatosa. Cong. Ch. ...72.26

Whitewater. Cong. Ch. ...15.00




Milwaukee. Estate of Hon. E.D. Holton, by O.W. Robertson,
  W.E. Story, Executors, and L.C. Holton, Executrix ...200.00




Lyndale. Cong. Ch. ...5.45


Woman's Home Missionary Union of North Dakota,
  by Mrs. Mary M. Fisher, Treas., _for Woman's Work_: ...0.00

    Cummings. "Christian Soldiers" ...2.50

    Spiritwood. Mrs. V. Craig ...1.00

-----  3.50


Howard. Cong. Ch., _for Marion, Ala._ ...4.50

Huron. Rev. J.E.B. Jewett,
  _for new Sch. Building, Evarts, Ky._ ...25.00

NEBRASKA, $16.09.

Ainsworth. Cong. Ch. ...7.13

Franklin. Sab. Sch., Cong. Ch. ...1.96

Indianola. First Cong. Ch. ...7.00

COLORADO, $10.10.

Denver. Third Ch. ...10.10

CALIFORNIA, $953.65.

Lodi. Cong. Ch. ...3.70

Redlands. Lugonia Terrace Cong. Ch. ...8.00

San Francisco. Receipts of the California Chinese Mission
  (see items below) ...941.95

KENTUCKY, $4.00.

Red Ash. Cong. Ch. ...4.00


Deer Lodge. Cong. Ch. ...3.00


High Point. Cong. Ch. ...2.25

GEORGIA, $1.64.

Woodville. Pilgrim Ch., 1.05;
  Rev. J. Loyd, 34c.;
  Rev. J.H.H. Sengstacke, 25c. ...1.64

ALABAMA, $2.77.

Athens. Trinity Cong. Ch. ...2.27

Lincoln. ---- ...0.50


Tougaloo. MRS. LAURA M. GOSS, to const. herself L.M. ...33.00

CANADA, $5.00.

Montreal. Chas. Alexander ...5.00


Honolulu. Mrs. H.P. Green ...5.00

INDIA, $10.00.

Melur. Y.P.S.C.E. ...10.00


Donations ...$9,166.08

Estates ...3,152.43



TUITION, $370.87.

Lexington, Ky. Tuition ...62.00

Cotton Valley, Ala. Tuition ...169.25

Marion, Ala. Tuition ...0.75

Nat, Ala. Tuition ...95.87

New Orleans, La. Tuition ...38.00

Austin, Tex. Tuition ...5.00

-----   370.87

Total for August ...$12,689.38



Donations ...$173,273.45

Estates ...80,539.19



Income ...10,143.56

Tuition ...41,296.91


Total from Oct. 1 to August 31 ...$305,253.11



Subscriptions for August ...$14.05

Previously acknowledged ...578.50


Total ...$592.55


  from June 30th to Aug. 1st, 1894, William Johnstone, Treas.:


Fresno. Chinese Mon. Off., 3.05;
  Anni. Pledges, 18 ...21.05

Hanford. Chinese Mon. Off., 2.25;
  Annual Memberships, 12 ...14.25

Los Angeles. Chinese Monthlies, 3.40;
  Anni. Pledges, 31.20 ...33.60

Marysville. Chinese Monthlies, 7.25;
  Anni. Pledges, 20.50 ...27.75

Oakland. Chinese Monthlies, 10;
  Annual Members, 8 ...18.00

Oroville. Chinese Monthlies, 2;
  Anni. Pledges, 2.50;
  Cong. Ch. Y.P.S.C.E., 5 ...9.50

Petaluma. Chinese Monthlies, 1;
  A.B. Case, 6; Others, 14 ...21.00

Riverside. Chinese Monthlies, 2.10;
  Anni. Pledges, 10 ...12.10

Sacramento. Chinese Monthlies ...8.25

San Bernardino. Chinese Monthlies ...4.70

San Diego. Chinese Monthlies, 2.30;
  Anni. Pledges, 12.15 ...14.45

San Francisco. Bethany Ch., Anni. Pledges, 5.50;
  Mrs. Eliza Moran, 1;
  Central Ch, Chinese Mon. Off., 6.05;
  Annual Members, 31;
  Rev. E.W. Stoddard and Friend, 1.50;
  Barnes Ch., Chinese Mon. Off., 1.50;
  Annual Members, 11;
  West Ch., Chinese Mon. Offs., 2.75 ...60.30

Santa Barbara. Chinese Mon. Offs., 3.15;
  Anni. Pledges, 9;
  First Cong. Ch., 13.50 ...25.65

Santa Cruz. Chinese Mon. Off., 6.20;
  Anni. Off., 37.70 ...43.90

Stockton. Chinese Mon, Off., 3.25;
  Anni. Off., 27.50 ...30.75

Ventura. Chinese Monthlies, 2.25;
  Annual Members, 20; ----, 1 ...23.25

------   368.50


---. James M. Haven, 25;
  Giles H. Gray, 5;
  Rev. Joseph Rowell, 5;
  Mrs. Nellie M. Haskell, 5;
  Mr. and Mrs. James Shinn, 10 ...50.00


  New Boston, N.H. Levi Hooper ...50.00

  South Braintree, Mass. Rev. Jotham B. Sewall ...25.00

  Stockbridge, Mass, Miss A. Byington ...81.00

  Bridgeport, Conn. Miss Mary L. Blackley ...20.00

  New Haven, Conn. Mrs. Henry Farnum ...100.00

------   276.00




  Bangor, Me. S.S. Classes Hammond St. Cong. Ch., 11.30;
      Y.P.S.C.E. of Hammond St. Cong. Ch., 10;
      First Cong. Ch., 14.90 ...36.20

  Belfast, Me, Miss E.M. Pond ...5.00

  Bucksport, Me. Cong. Ch., 22;
      and Sab. Sch., 10 ...32.00

  Greenfield, Mass. Mrs. E.B. Loomis, 10;
      Miss N.E. Russell, 5 ...15.00

  Hatfield, Mass. "The Real Folks,"
      by Mrs. C.K. Morton, Treas. ...25.00

  Hatfield, Mass. ---- ...6.00

  Marlboro, Mass. "Three Friends." through Miss H.J. Alexander ...6.25

  Stockbridge, Mass. "Lend-a-Hand Circle" King's Daughters ...5.00

  Worcester, Mass. "Friends." ...4.00

  Albany, N.Y. Friends of the Chinese,
      by Miss Janet McNaughton ...100.00

  Colorado Springs, Colo. Ladies' M. Soc. ...5.00

  Pacific Grove, Cal. Mayflower Ch. ...7.00

  Luna, New Mexico. Miss Carrie B. Pond ...1.00

-----   247.45


Total ...$941.95


       *       *       *       *       *

H.W. HUBBARD, Treas.,
Bible House, N.Y.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The American Missionary — Volume 48, No. 10, October, 1894" ***

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