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Title: Fruitfulness
Author: Zola, Émile, 1840-1902
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Fruitfulness" ***

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                            EMILE ZOLA

                     Translated and edited by

                     Ernest Alfred Vizetelly

                      TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE

"FRUITFULNESS" is the first of a series of four works in which M. Zola
proposes to embody what he considers to be the four cardinal principles
of human life. These works spring from the previous series of The Three
Cities: "Lourdes," "Rome," and "Paris," which dealt with the principles
of Faith, Hope, and Charity. The last scene in "Paris," when Marie,
Pierre Froment's wife, takes her boy in her arms and consecrates him, so
to say, to the city of labor and thought, furnishes the necessary
transition from one series to the other. "Fruitfulness," says M. Zola,
"creates the home. Thence springs the city. From the idea of citizenship
comes that of the fatherland; and love of country, in minds fed by
science, leads to the conception of a wider and vaster fatherland,
comprising all the peoples of the earth. Of these three stages in the
progress of mankind, the fourth still remains to be attained. I have
thought then of writing, as it were, a poem in four volumes, in four
chants, in which I shall endeavor to sum up the philosophy of all my
work. The first of these volumes is 'Fruitfulness'; the second will be
called 'Work'; the third, 'Truth'; the last, 'Justice.' In 'Fruitfulness'
the hero's name is Matthew. In the next work it will be Luke; in 'Truth,'
Mark; and in 'justice,' John. The children of my brain will, like the
four Evangelists preaching the gospel, diffuse the religion of future
society, which will be founded on Fruitfulness, Work, Truth, and

This, then, is M. Zola's reply to the cry repeatedly raised by his hero,
Abbe Pierre Froment, in the pages of "Lourdes," "Paris," and "Rome": "A
new religion, a new religion!" Critics of those works were careful to
point out that no real answer was ever returned to the Abbe's despairing
call; and it must be confessed that one must yet wait for the greater
part of that answer, since "Fruitfulness," though complete as a
narrative, forms but a portion of the whole. It is only after the
publication of the succeeding volumes that one will be able to judge how
far M. Zola's doctrines and theories in their ensemble may appeal to the
requirements of the world.

While "Fruitfulness," as I have said, constitutes a first instalment of
M. Zola's conception of a social religion, it embodies a good deal else.
The idea of writing some such work first occurred to him many years ago.
In 1896 he contributed an article to the Paris _Figaro_, in which he
said: "For some ten years now I have been haunted by the idea of a novel,
of which I shall, doubtless, never write the first page. . . . That novel
would have been called 'Wastage'. . . and I should have pleaded in it in
favor of all the rights of life, with all the passion which I may have in
my heart."* M. Zola's article then proceeds to discuss the various social
problems, theories, and speculations which are set forth here and there
in the present work. Briefly, the genesis of "Fruitfulness" lies in the
article I have quoted.

  * See _Nouvelle Campagne_ (1896), par Emile Zola.
    Paris, 1897, pp. 217-228.

"Fruitfulness" is a book to be judged from several standpoints. It would
be unjust and absurd to judge it from one alone, such, for instance, as
that of the new social religion to which I have referred. It must be
looked at notably as a tract for the times in relation to certain
grievous evils from which France and other countries--though more
particularly France--are undoubtedly suffering. And it may be said that
some such denunciation of those evils was undoubtedly necessary, and that
nobody was better placed to pen that denunciation than M. Zola, who,
alone of all French writers nowadays, commands universal attention.
Whatever opinion may be held of his writings, they have to be reckoned
with. Thus, in preparing "Fruitfulness," he was before all else
discharging a patriotic duty, and that duty he took in hand in an hour of
cruel adversity, when to assist a great cause he withdrew from France and
sought for a time a residence in England, where for eleven months I was
privileged to help him in maintaining his incognito. "Fruitfulness" was
entirely written in England, begun in a Surrey country house, and
finished at the Queen's Hotel, Norwood.

It would be superfluous for me to enter here into all the questions which
M. Zola raises in his pages. The evils from which France suffers in
relation to the stagnancy of its population, are well known, and that
their continuance--if continuance there be--will mean the downfall of the
country from its position as one of the world's great powers before the
close of the twentieth century, is a mathematical certainty. That M.
Zola, in order to combat those evils, and to do his duty as a good
citizen anxious to prevent the decline of his country, should have dealt
with his subject with the greatest frankness and outspokenness, was only
natural. Moreover, absolute freedom of speech exists in France, which is
not the case elsewhere. Thus, when I first perused the original proofs of
M. Zola's work, I came to the conclusion that any version of it in the
English language would be well-nigh impossible. For some time I remained
of that opinion, and I made a statement to that effect in a leading
literary journal. Subsequently, however, my views became modified. "The
man who is ridiculous," wrote a French poet, Barthelemy, "is he whose
opinions never change," and thus I at last reverted to a task from which
I had turned aside almost in despair.

Various considerations influenced me, and among them was the thought that
if "Fruitfulness" were not presented to the public in an English dress,
M. Zola's new series would remain incomplete, decapitated so far as
British and American readers were concerned. After all, the criticisms
dealing with the French original were solely directed against matters of
form, the mould in which some part of the work was cast. Its high moral
purpose was distinctly recognized by several even of its most bitter
detractors. For me the problem was how to retain the whole ensemble of
the narrative and the essence of the lessons which the work inculcates,
while recasting some portion of it and sacrificing those matters of form
to which exception was taken. It is not for me to say whether I have
succeeded in the task; but I think that nothing in any degree offensive
to delicate susceptibilities will be found in this present version of M.
Zola's book.

The English reviews of the French original showed that if certain
portions of it were deemed indiscreet, it none the less teemed with
admirable and even delightful pages. Among the English reviewers were two
well-known lady writers, Madame Darmesteter (formerly Miss Mary
Robinson), and Miss Hannah Lynch. And the former remarked in one part of
her critique: "Even this short review reveals how honest, how moral, how
human and comely is the fable of _Fecondite_,"* while the latter
expressed the view that the work was "eminently, pugnaciously virtuous in
M. Zola's strictly material conception of virtue." And again: "The pages
that tell the story of Mathieu and Marianne, it must be admitted, are as
charming as possible. They have a bloom, a beauty, a fragrance we never
expected to find in M. Zola's work. The tale is a simple one: the
cheerful conquest of fortune and the continual birth of offspring."**

  * _Manchester Guardian_, October 27, 1899.

  ** _Fortnightly Review_, January 1900.

Of course, these lady critics did not favor certain features of the
original, and one of them, indeed, referred to the evil denounced by M.
Zola as a mere evil of the hour, whereas it has been growing and
spreading for half a century, gradually sapping all the vitality of
France. But beside that evil, beside the downfall of the families it
attacks, M. Zola portrays the triumph of rectitude, the triumph which
follows faith in the powers of life, and observance of the law of
universal labor. "Fruitfulness" contains charming pictures of homely
married life, delightful glimpses of childhood and youth: the first
smile, the first step, the first word, followed by the playfulness and
the flirtations of boyhood, and the happiness which waits on the
espousals of those who truly love. And the punishment of the guilty is
awful, and the triumph of the righteous is the greatest that can be
conceived. All those features have been retained, so far as my abilities
have allowed, in the present version, which will at the same time, I
think, give the reader unacquainted with the French language a general
idea of M. Zola's views on one of the great questions of the age, as well
as all the essential portions of a strongly conceived narrative.

                    E. A. V.




THAT morning, in the little pavilion of Chantebled, on the verge of the
woods, where they had now been installed for nearly a month, Mathieu was
making all haste in order that he might catch the seven-o'clock train
which every day conveyed him from Janville to Paris. It was already
half-past six, and there were fully two thousand paces from the pavilion
to Janville. Afterwards came a railway journey of three-quarters of an
hour, and another journey of at least equal duration through Paris, from
the Northern Railway terminus to the Boulevard de Grenelle. He seldom
reached his office at the factory before half-past eight o'clock.

He had just kissed the children. Fortunately they were asleep; otherwise
they would have linked their arms about his neck, laughed and kissed him,
being ever unwilling to let him go. And as he hastily returned to the
principal bedroom, he found his wife, Marianne, in bed there, but awake
and sitting up. She had risen a moment before in order to pull back a
curtain, and all the glow of that radiant May morning swept in, throwing
a flood of gay sunshine over the fresh and healthy beauty of her
four-and-twenty years. He, who was three years the elder, positively
adored her.

"You know, my darling," said he, "I must make haste, for I fear I may
miss the train--and so manage as well as you can. You still have thirty
sous left, haven't you?"

She began to laugh, looking charming with her bare arms and her
loose-flowing dark hair. The ever-recurring pecuniary worries of the
household left her brave and joyous. Yet she had been married at
seventeen, her husband at twenty, and they already had to provide for
four children.

"Oh! we shall be all right," said she. "It's the end of the month to-day,
and you'll receive your money to-night. I'll settle our little debts at
Janville to-morrow. There are only the Lepailleurs, who worry me with
their bill for milk and eggs, for they always look as if they fancied one
meant to rob them. But with thirty sous, my dear! why, we shall have
quite a high time of it!"

She was still laughing as she held out her firm white arms for the
customary morning good-by.

"Run off, since you are in a hurry. I will go to meet you at the little
bridge to-night."

"No, no, I insist on your going to bed! You know very well that even if I
catch the quarter-to-eleven-o'clock train, I cannot reach Janville before
half-past eleven. Ah! what a day I have before me! I had to promise the
Moranges that I would take dejeuner with them; and this evening Beauchene
is entertaining a customer--a business dinner, which I'm obliged to
attend. So go to bed, and have a good sleep while you are waiting for

She gently nodded, but would give no positive promise. "Don't forget to
call on the landlord," she added, "to tell him that the rain comes into
the children's bedroom. It's not right that we should be soaked here as
if we were on the high-way, even if those millionnaires, the Seguins du
Hordel, do let us have this place for merely six hundred francs a year."

"Ah, yes! I should have forgotten that. I will call on them, I promise

Then Mathieu took her in his arms, and there was no ending to their
leave-taking. He still lingered. She had begun to laugh again, while
giving him many a kiss in return for his own. There was all the love of
bounding health between them, the joy that springs from the most perfect
union, as when man and wife are but one both in flesh and in soul.

"Run off, run off, darling! Remember to tell Constance that, before she
goes into the country, she ought to run down here some Sunday with

"Yes, yes, I will tell her--till to-night, darling."

But he came back once more, caught her in a tight embrace, and pressed to
her lips a long, loving kiss, which she returned with her whole heart.
And then he hurried away.

He usually took an omnibus on his arrival at the Northern Railway
terminus. But on the days when only thirty sous remained at home he
bravely went through Paris on foot. It was, too, a very fine walk by way
of the Rue la Fayette, the Opera-house, the Boulevards, the Rue Royale,
and then, after the Place de la Concorde, the Cours la Reine, the Alma
bridge, and the Quai d'Orsay.

Beauchene's works were at the very end of the Quai d'Orsay, between the
Rue de la Federation and the Boulevard de Grenelle. There was hereabouts
a large square plot, at one end of which, facing the quay, stood a
handsome private house of brickwork with white stone dressings, that had
been erected by Leon Beauchene, father of Alexandre, the present master
of the works. From the balconies one could perceive the houses which were
perched aloft in the midst of greenery on the height of Passy, beyond the
Seine; whilst on the right arose the campanile of the Trocadero palace.
On one side, skirting the Rue de la Federation, one could still see a
garden and a little house, which had been the modest dwelling of Leon
Beauchene in the heroic days of desperate toil when he had laid the
foundations of his fortune. Then the factory buildings and sheds, quite a
mass of grayish structures, overtopped by two huge chimneys, occupied
both the back part of the ground and that which fringed the Boulevard de
Grenelle, the latter being shut off by long windowless walls. This
important and well-known establishment manufactured chiefly agricultural
appliances, from the most powerful machines to those ingenious and
delicate implements on which particular care must be bestowed if
perfection is to be attained. In addition to the hundreds of men who
worked there daily, there were some fifty women, burnishers and

The entry to the workshops and offices was in the Rue de la Federation,
through a large carriage way, whence one perceived the far-spreading
yard, with its paving stones invariably black and often streaked by
rivulets of steaming water. Dense smoke arose from the high chimneys,
strident jets of steam emerged from the roof, whilst a low rumbling and a
shaking of the ground betokened the activity within, the ceaseless bustle
of labor.

It was thirty-five minutes past eight by the big clock of the central
building when Mathieu crossed the yard towards the office which he
occupied as chief designer. For eight years he had been employed at the
works where, after a brilliant and special course of study, he had made
his beginning as assistant draughtsman when but nineteen years old,
receiving at that time a salary of one hundred francs a month. His
father, Pierre Froment,* had four sons by Marie his wife--Jean the
eldest, then Mathieu, Marc, and Luc--and while leaving them free to
choose a particular career he had striven to give each of them some
manual calling. Leon Beauchene, the founder of the works, had been dead a
year, and his son Alexandre had succeeded him and married Constance
Meunier, daughter of a very wealthy wall-paper manufacturer of the
Marais, at the time when Mathieu entered the establishment, the master of
which was scarcely five years older than himself. It was there that
Mathieu had become acquainted with a poor cousin of Alexandre's,
Marianne, then sixteen years old, whom he had married during the
following year.

  *  Of _Lourdes_, _Rome_, and _Paris_.

Marianne, when only twelve, had become dependent upon her uncle, Leon
Beauchene. After all sorts of mishaps a brother of the latter, one Felix
Beauchene, a man of adventurous mind but a blunderhead, had gone to
Algeria with his wife and daughter, there to woo fortune afresh; and the
farm he had established was indeed prospering when, during a sudden
revival of Arab brigandage, both he and his wife were murdered and their
home was destroyed. Thus the only place of refuge for the little girl,
who had escaped miraculously, was the home of her uncle, who showed her
great kindness during the two years of life that remained to him. With
her, however, were Alexandre, whose companionship was rather dull, and
his younger sister, Seraphine, a big, vicious, and flighty girl of
eighteen, who, as it happened, soon left the house amid a frightful
scandal--an elopement with a certain Baron Lowicz, a genuine baron, but
a swindler and forger, to whom it became necessary to marry her. She
then received a dowry of 300,000 francs. Alexandre, after his father's
death, made a money match with Constance, who brought him half a million
francs, and Marianne then found herself still more a stranger, still
more isolated beside her new cousin, a thin, dry, authoritative woman,
who ruled the home with absolute sway. Mathieu was there, however, and a
few months sufficed: fine, powerful, and healthy love sprang up between
the young people; there was no lightning flash such as throws the
passion-swayed into each other's arms, but esteem, tenderness, faith,
and that mutual conviction of happiness in reciprocal bestowal which
tends to indissoluble marriage. And they were delighted at marrying
penniless, at bringing one another but their full hearts forever and
forever. The only change in Mathieu's circumstances was an increase of
salary to two hundred francs a month. True, his new cousin by marriage
just vaguely hinted at a possible partnership, but that would not be
till some very much later date.

As it happened Mathieu Froment gradually became indispensable at the
works. The young master, Alexandre Beauchene, passed through an anxious
crisis. The dowry which his father had been forced to draw from his
coffers in order to get Seraphine married, and other large expenses which
had been occasioned by the girl's rebellious and perverse conduct, had
left but little working capital in the business. Then, too, on the morrow
of Leon Beauchene's death it was found that, with the carelessness often
evinced in such matters, he had neglected to leave a will; so that
Seraphine eagerly opposed her brother's interests, demanding her personal
share of the inheritance, and even suggesting the sale of the works. The
property had narrowly escaped being cut up, annihilated. And Alexandre
Beauchene still shivered with terror and anger at the recollection of
that time, amidst all his delight at having at last rid himself of his
sister by paying her in money the liberally estimated value of her share.
It was in order to fill up the void thus created in his finances that he
had espoused the half-million represented by Constance--an ugly creature,
as he himself bitterly acknowledged, coarse male as he was. Truth to
tell, she was so thin, so scraggy, that before consenting to make her his
wife he had often called her "that bag of bones." But, on the other hand,
thanks to his marriage with her, all his losses were made good in five or
six years' time; the business of the works even doubled, and great
prosperity set in. And Mathieu, having become a most active and necessary
coadjutor, ended by taking the post of chief designer, at a salary of
four thousand two hundred francs per annum.

Morange, the chief accountant, whose office was near Mathieu's, thrust
his head through the doorway as soon as he heard the young man installing
himself at his drawing-table. "I say, my dear Froment," he exclaimed,
"don't forget that you are to take dejeuner with us."

"Yes, yes, my good Morange, it's understood. I will look in for you at
twelve o'clock."

Then Mathieu very carefully scrutinized a wash drawing of a very simple
but powerful steam thresher, an invention of his own, on which he had
been working for some time past, and which a big landowner of Beauce, M.
Firon-Badinier, was to examine during the afternoon.

The door of the master's private room was suddenly thrown wide open and
Beauchene appeared--tall, with a ruddy face, a narrow brow, and big
brown, protruding eyes. He had a rather large nose, thick lips, and a
full black beard, on which he bestowed great care, as he likewise did on
his hair, which was carefully combed over his head in order to conceal
the serious baldness that was already coming upon him, although he was
scarcely two-and-thirty. Frock-coated the first thing in the morning, he
was already smoking a big cigar; and his loud voice, his peals of gayety,
his bustling ways, all betokened an egotist and good liver still in his
prime, a man for whom money--capital increased and increased by the labor
of others--was the one only sovereign power.

"Ah! ah! it's ready, is it not?" said he; "Monsieur Firon-Badinier has
again written me that he will be here at three o'clock. And you know that
I'm going to take you to the restaurant with him this evening; for one
can never induce those fellows to give orders unless one plies them with
good wine. It annoys Constance to have it done here; and, besides, I
prefer to entertain those people in town. You warned Marianne, eh?"

"Certainly. She knows that I shall return by the
quarter-to-eleven-o'clock train."

Beauchene had sunk upon a chair: "Ah! my dear fellow, I'm worn out," he
continued; "I dined in town last night; I got to bed only at one o'clock.
And there was a terrible lot of work waiting for me this morning. One
positively needs to be made of iron."

Until a short time before he had shown himself a prodigious worker,
endowed with really marvellous energy and strength. Moreover, he had
given proof of unfailing business instinct with regard to many profitable
undertakings. Invariably the first to appear at the works, he looked
after everything, foresaw everything, filling the place with his bustling
zeal, and doubling his output year by year. Recently, however, fatigue
had been gaining ground on him. He had always sought plenty of amusement,
even amid the hard-working life he led. But nowadays certain "sprees," as
he called them, left him fairly exhausted.

He gazed at Mathieu: "You seem fit enough, you do!" he said. "How is it
that you manage never to look tired?"

As a matter of fact, the young man who stood there erect before his
drawing-table seemed possessed of the sturdy health of a young oak tree.
Tall and slender, he had the broad, lofty, tower-like brow of the
Froments. He wore his thick hair cut quite short, and his beard, which
curled slightly, in a point. But the chief expression of his face rested
in his eyes, which were at once deep and bright, keen and thoughtful, and
almost invariably illumined by a smile. They showed him to be at once a
man of thought and of action, very simple, very gay, and of a kindly

"Oh! I," he answered with a laugh, "I behave reasonably."

But Beauchene protested: "No, you don't! The man who already has four
children when he is only twenty-seven can't claim to be reasonable. And
twins too--your Blaise and your Denis to begin with! And then your boy
Ambroise and your little girl Rose. Without counting the other little
girl that you lost at her birth. Including her, you would now have had
five youngsters, you wretched fellow! No, no, I'm the one who behaves
reasonably--I, who have but one child, and, like a prudent, sensible man,
desire no others!"

He often made such jesting remarks as these, through which filtered his
genuine indignation; for he deemed the young couple to be over-careless
of their interests, and declared that the prolificness of his cousin
Marianne was quite scandalous.

Accustomed as Mathieu was to these attacks, which left him perfectly
serene, he went on laughing, without even giving a reply, when a workman
abruptly entered the room--one who was currently called "old Moineaud,"
though he was scarcely three-and-forty years of age. Short and thick-set,
he had a bullet head, a bull's neck, and face and hands scarred and
dented by more than a quarter of a century of toil. By calling he was a
fitter, and he had come to submit a difficulty which had just arisen in
the piecing together of a reaping machine. But, his employer, who was
still angrily thinking of over-numerous families, did not give him time
to explain his purpose.

"And you, old Moineaud, how many children have you?" he inquired.

"Seven, Monsieur Beauchene," the workman replied, somewhat taken aback.
"I've lost three."

"So, including them, you would now have ten? Well, that's a nice state of
things! How can you do otherwise than starve?"

Moineaud began to laugh like the gay thriftless Paris workman that he
was. The little ones? Well, they grew up without his even noticing it,
and, indeed, he was really fond of them, so long as they remained at
home. And, besides, they worked as they grew older, and brought a little
money in. However, he preferred to answer his employer with a jest which
set them all laughing.

After he had explained the difficulty with the reaper, the others
followed him to examine the work for themselves. They were already
turning into a passage, when Beauchene, seeing the door of the women's
workshop open, determined to pass that way, so that he might give his
customary look around. It was a long, spacious place, where the
polishers, in smocks of black serge, sat in double rows polishing and
grinding their pieces at little work-boards. Nearly all of them were
young, a few were pretty, but most had low and common faces. An animal
odor and a stench of rancid oil pervaded the place.

The regulations required perfect silence there during work. Yet all the
girls were gossiping. As soon, however, as the master's approach was
signalled the chatter abruptly ceased. There was but one girl who, having
her head turned, and thus seeing nothing of Beauchene, went on furiously
abusing a companion, with whom she had previously started a dispute. She
and the other were sisters, and, as it happened, daughters of old
Moineaud. Euphrasie, the younger one, she who was shouting, was a skinny
creature of seventeen, light-haired, with a long, lean, pointed face,
uncomely and malignant; whereas the elder, Norine, barely nineteen, was a
pretty girl, a blonde like her sister, but having a milky skin, and
withal plump and sturdy, showing real shoulders, arms, and hips, and one
of those bright sunshiny faces, with wild hair and black eyes, all the
freshness of the Parisian hussy, aglow with the fleeting charm of youth.

Norine was ever quarrelling with Euphrasie, and was pleased to have her
caught in a misdeed; so she allowed her to rattle on. And it thereupon
became necessary for Beauchene to intervene. He habitually evinced great
severity in the women's workshop, for he had hitherto held the view that
an employer who jested with his workgirls was a lost man. Thus, in spite
of the low character of which he was said to give proof in his walks
abroad, there had as yet never been the faintest suggestion of scandal in
connection with him and the women in his employ.

"Well, now, Mademoiselle Euphrasie!" he exclaimed; "do you intend to be
quiet? This is quite improper. You are fined twenty sous, and if I hear
you again you will be locked out for a week."

The girl had turned round in consternation. Then, stifling her rage, she
cast a terrible glance at her sister, thinking that she might at least
have warned her. But the other, with the discreet air of a pretty wench
conscious of her attractiveness, continued smiling, looking her employer
full in the face, as if certain that she had nothing to fear from him.
Their eyes met, and for a couple of seconds their glances mingled. Then
he, with flushed cheeks and an angry air, resumed, addressing one and
all: "As soon as the superintendent turns her back you chatter away like
so many magpies. Just be careful, or you will have to deal with me!"

Moineaud, the father, had witnessed the scene unmoved, as if the two
girls--she whom the master had scolded, and she who slyly gazed at
him--were not his own daughters. And now the round was resumed and the
three men quitted the women's workshop amidst profound silence, which
only the whir of the little grinders disturbed.

When the fitting difficulty had been overcome downstairs and Moineaud had
received his orders, Beauchene returned to his residence accompanied by
Mathieu, who wished to convey Marianne's invitation to Constance. A
gallery connected the black factory buildings with the luxurious private
house on the quay. And they found Constance in a little drawing-room hung
with yellow satin, a room to which she was very partial. She was seated
near a sofa, on which lay little Maurice, her fondly prized and only
child, who had just completed his seventh year.

"Is he ill?" inquired Mathieu.

The child seemed sturdily built, and he greatly resembled his father,
though he had a more massive jaw. But he was pale and there was a faint
ring round his heavy eyelids. His mother, that "bag of bones," a little
dark woman, yellow and withered at six-and-twenty, looked at him with an
expression of egotistical pride.

"Oh, no! he's never ill," she answered. "Only he has been complaining of
his legs. And so I made him lie down, and I wrote last night to ask Dr.
Boutan to call this morning."

"Pooh!" exclaimed Beauchene with a hearty laugh, "women are all the same!
A child who is as strong as a Turk! I should just like anybody to tell me
that he isn't strong."

Precisely at that moment in walked Dr. Boutan, a short, stout man of
forty, with very keen eyes set in a clean-shaven, heavy, but extremely
good-natured face. He at once examined the child, felt and sounded him;
then with his kindly yet serious air he said: "No, no, there's nothing.
It is the mere effect of growth. The lad has become rather pale through
spending the winter in Paris, but a few months in the open air, in the
country, will set him right again."

"I told you so!" cried Beauchene.

Constance had kept her son's little hand in her own. He had again
stretched himself out and closed his eyes in a weary way, whilst she, in
her happiness, continued smiling. Whenever she chose she could appear
quite pleasant-looking, however unprepossessing might be her features.
The doctor had seated himself, for he was fond of lingering and chatting
in the houses of friends. A general practitioner, and one who more
particularly tended the ailments of women and children, he was naturally
a confessor, knew all sorts of secrets, and was quite at home in family
circles. It was he who had attended Constance at the birth of that
much-spoiled only son, and Marianne at the advent of the four children
she already had.

Mathieu had remained standing, awaiting an opportunity to deliver his
invitation. "Well," said he, "if you are soon leaving for the country,
you must come one Sunday to Janville. My wife would be so delighted to
see you there, to show you our encampment."

Then he jested respecting the bareness of the lonely pavilion which they
occupied, recounting that as yet they possessed only a dozen plates and
five egg-cups. But Beauchene knew the pavilion, for he went shooting in
the neighborhood every winter, having a share in the tenancy of some
extensive woods, the shooting-rights over which had been parcelled out by
the owner.

"Seguin," said he, "is a friend of mine. I have lunched at your pavilion.
It's a perfect hovel!"

Then Constance, contemptuous at the idea of such poverty, recalled what
Madame Seguin--to whom she referred as Valentine--had told her of the
dilapidated condition of the old shooting-box. But the doctor, after
listening with a smile, broke in:

"Mme. Seguin is a patient of mine. At the time when her last child was
born I advised her to stay at that pavilion. The atmosphere is wholesome,
and children ought to spring up there like couch-grass."

Thereupon, with a sonorous laugh, Beauchene began to jest in his habitual
way, remarking that if the doctor were correct there would probably be no
end to Mathieu's progeny, numerous as it already was. But this elicited
an angry protest from Constance, who on the subject of children held the
same views as her husband himself professed in his more serious moments.

Mathieu thoroughly understood what they both meant. They regarded him and
his wife with derisive pity, tinged with anger.

The advent of the young couple's last child, little Rose, had already
increased their expenses to such a point that they had been obliged to
seek refuge in the country, in a mere pauper's hovel. And yet, in spite
of Beauchene's sneers and Constance's angry remarks, Mathieu outwardly
remained very calm. Constance and Marianne had never been able to agree;
they differed too much in all respects; and for his part he laughed off
every attack, unwilling as he was to let anger master him, lest a rupture
should ensue.

But Beauchene waxed passionate on the subject. That question of the
birth-rate and the present-day falling off in population was one which he
thought he had completely mastered, and on which he held forth at length
authoritatively. He began by challenging the impartiality of Boutan, whom
he knew to be a fervent partisan of large families. He made merry with
him, declaring that no medical man could possibly have a disinterested
opinion on the subject. Then he brought out all that he vaguely knew of
Malthusianism, the geometrical increase of births, and the arithmetical
increase of food-substances, the earth becoming so populous as to be
reduced to a state of famine within two centuries. It was the poor's own
fault, said he, if they led a life of starvation; they had only to limit
themselves to as many children as they could provide for. The rich were
falsely accused of social wrong-doing; they were by no means responsible
for poverty. Indeed, they were the only reasonable people; they alone, by
limiting their families, acted as good citizens should act. And he became
quite triumphant, repeating that he knew of no cause for self-reproach,
and that his ever-growing fortune left him with an easy conscience. It
was so much the worse for the poor, if they were bent on remaining poor.
In vain did the doctor urge that the Malthusian theories were shattered,
that the calculations had been based on a possible, not a real, increase
of population; in vain too did he prove that the present-day economic
crisis, the evil distribution of wealth under the capitalist system, was
the one hateful cause of poverty, and that whenever labor should be
justly apportioned among one and all the fruitful earth would easily
provide sustenance for happy men ten times more numerous than they are
now. The other refused to listen to anything, took refuge in his egotism,
declared that all those matters were no concern of his, that he felt no
remorse at being rich, and that those who wished to become rich had, in
the main, simply to do as he had done.

"Then, logically, this is the end of France, eh?" Boutan remarked
maliciously. "The number of births ever increases in Germany, Russia, and
elsewhere, while it decreases in a terrible way among us. Numerically the
rank we occupy in Europe is already very inferior to what it formerly
was; and yet number means power more than ever nowadays. It has been
calculated that an average of four children per family is necessary in
order that population may increase and the strength of a nation be
maintained. You have but one child; you are a bad patriot."

At this Beauchene flew into a tantrum, quite beside himself, and gasped:
"I a bad patriot! I, who kill myself with hard work! I, who even export
French machinery! . . . Yes, certainly I see families, acquaintances
around me who may well allow themselves four children; and I grant that
they deserve censure when they have no families. But as for me, my dear
doctor, it is impossible. You know very well that in my position I
absolutely can't."

Then, for the hundredth time, he gave his reasons, relating how the works
had narrowly escaped being cut into pieces, annihilated, simply because
he had unfortunately been burdened with a sister. Seraphine had behaved
abominably. There had been first her dowry; next her demands for the
division of the property on their father's death; and the works had been
saved only by means of a large pecuniary sacrifice which had long
crippled their prosperity. And people imagined that he would be as
imprudent as his father! Why, if Maurice should have a brother or a
sister, he might hereafter find himself in the same dire embarrassment,
in which the family property might already have been destroyed. No, no!
He would not expose the boy to the necessity of dividing the inheritance
in accordance with badly framed laws. He was resolved that Maurice should
be the sole master of the fortune which he himself had derived from his
father, and which he would transmit to his heir increased tenfold. For
his son he dreamt of supreme wealth, a colossal fortune, such as nowadays
alone ensures power.

Mathieu, refraining from any intervention, listened and remained grave;
for this question of the birth-rate seemed to him a frightful one, the
foremost of all questions, deciding the destiny of mankind and the world.
There has never been any progress but such as has been determined by
increase of births. If nations have accomplished evolutions, if
civilization has advanced, it is because the nations have multiplied and
subsequently spread through all the countries of the earth. And will not
to-morrow's evolution, the advent of truth and justice, be brought about
by the constant onslaught of the greater number, the revolutionary
fruitfulness of the toilers and the poor?

It is quite true that Mathieu did not plainly say all these things to
himself; indeed, he felt slightly ashamed of the four children that he
already had, and was disturbed by the counsels of prudence addressed to
him by the Beauchenes. But within him there struggled his faith in life,
his belief that the greatest possible sum of life must bring about the
greatest sum of happiness.

At last, wishing to change the subject, he bethought himself of
Marianne's commission, and at the first favorable opportunity exclaimed:
"Well, we shall rely on you, Marianne and I, for Sunday after next, at

But there was still no answer, for just then a servant came to say that a
woman with an infant in her arms desired to see Madame. And Beauchene,
having recognized the wife of Moineaud, the fitter, bade her come in.
Boutan, who had now risen, was prompted by curiosity to remain a little

La Moineaude, short and fat like her husband, was a woman of about forty,
worn out before her time, with ashen face, pale eyes, thin faded hair,
and a weak mouth which already lacked many teeth. A large family had been
too much for her; and, moreover, she took no care of herself.

"Well, my good woman," Constance inquired, "what do you wish with me?"

But La Moineaude remained quite scared by the sight of all those people
whom she had not expected to find there. She said nothing. She had hoped
to speak to the lady privately.

"Is this your last-born?" Beauchene asked her as he looked at the pale,
puny child on her arm.

"Yes, monsieur, it's my little Alfred; he's ten months old and I've had
to wean him, for I couldn't feed him any longer. I had nine others before
this one, but three are dead. My eldest son, Eugene, is a soldier in
Tonquin. You have my two big girls, Euphrasie and Norine, at the works.
And I have three left at home--Victor, who is now fifteen, then Cecile
and Irma, who are ten and seven. After Irma I thought I had done with
children for good, and I was well pleased. But, you see, this urchin
came! And I, forty too--it's not just! The good Lord must surely have
abandoned us."

Then Dr. Boutan began to question her. He avoided looking at the
Beauchenes, but there was a malicious twinkle in his little eyes, and it
was evident that he took pleasure in recapitulating the employer's
arguments against excessive prolificness. He pretended to get angry and
to reproach the Moineauds for their ten wretched children--the boys fated
to become food for powder, the girls always liable to misfortune. And he
gave the woman to understand that it was her own fault if she was in
distress; for people with a tribe of children about them could never
become rich. And the poor creature sadly answered that he was quite
right, but that no idea of becoming rich could ever have entered their
heads. Moineaud knew well enough that he would never be a cabinet
minister, and so it was all the same to them how many children they might
have on their hands. Indeed, a number proved a help when the youngsters
grew old enough to go out to work.

Beauchene had become silent and slowly paced the room. A slight chill, a
feeling of uneasiness was springing up, and so Constance made haste to
inquire: "Well, my good woman, what is it I can do for you?"

"_Mon Dieu_, madame, it worries me; it's something which Moineaud didn't
dare to ask of Monsieur Beauchene. For my part I hoped to find you alone
and beg you to intercede for us. The fact is we should be very, very
grateful if our little Victor could only be taken on at the works."

"But he is only fifteen," exclaimed Beauchene. "You must wait till he's
sixteen. The law is strict."

"No doubt. Only one might perhaps just tell a little fib. It would be
rendering us such a service--"

"No, it is impossible."

Big tears welled into La Moineaude's eyes. And Mathieu, who had listened
with passionate interest, felt quite upset. Ah! that wretched toil-doomed
flesh that hastened to offer itself without waiting until it was even
ripe for work! Ah! the laborer who is prepared to lie, whom hunger sets
against the very law designed for his own protection!

When La Moineaude had gone off in despair the doctor continued speaking
of juvenile and female labor. As soon as a woman first finds herself a
mother she can no longer continue toiling at a factory. Her lying-in and
the nursing of her babe force her to remain at home, or else grievous
infirmities may ensue for her and her offspring. As for the child, it
becomes anemic, sometimes crippled; besides, it helps to keep wages down
by being taken to work at a low scale of remuneration. Then the doctor
went on to speak of the prolificness of wretchedness, the swarming of the
lower classes. Was not the most hateful natality of all that which meant
the endless increase of starvelings and social rebels?

"I perfectly understand you," Beauchene ended by saying, without any show
of anger, as he abruptly brought his perambulations to an end. "You want
to place me in contradiction with myself, and make me confess that I
accept Moineaud's seven children and need them, whereas I, with my fixed
determination to rest content with an only son, suppress, as it were, a
family in order that I may not have to subdivide my estate. France, 'the
country of only sons,' as folks say nowadays--that's it, eh? But, my dear
fellow, the question is so intricate, and at bottom I am altogether in
the right!"

Then he wished to explain things, and clapped his hand to his breast,
exclaiming that he was a liberal, a democrat, ready to demand all really
progressive measures. He willingly recognized that children were
necessary, that the army required soldiers, and the factories workmen.
Only he also invoked the prudential duties of the higher classes, and
reasoned after the fashion of a man of wealth, a conservative clinging to
the fortune he has acquired.

Mathieu meanwhile ended by understanding the brutal truth: Capital is
compelled to favor the multiplication of lives foredoomed to
wretchedness; in spite of everything it must stimulate the prolificness
of the wage-earning classes, in order that its profits may continue. The
law is that there must always be an excess of children in order that
there may be enough cheap workers. Then also speculation on the wages'
ratio wrests all nobility from labor, which is regarded as the worst
misfortune a man can be condemned to, when in reality it is the most
precious of boons. Such, then, is the cancer preying upon mankind. In
countries of political equality and economical inequality the capitalist
regime, the faulty distribution of wealth, at once restrains and
precipitates the birth-rate by perpetually increasing the wrongful
apportionment of means. On one side are the rich folk with "only" sons,
who continually increase their fortunes; on the other, the poor folk,
who, by reason of their unrestrained prolificness, see the little they
possess crumble yet more and more. If labor be honored to-morrow, if a
just apportionment of wealth be arrived at, equilibrium will be restored.
Otherwise social revolution lies at the end of the road.

But Beauchene, in his triumphant manner, tried to show that he possessed
great breadth of mind; he admitted the disquieting strides of a decrease
of population, and denounced the causes of it--alcoholism, militarism,
excessive mortality among infants, and other numerous matters. Then he
indicated remedies; first, reductions in taxation, fiscal means in which
he had little faith; then freedom to will one's estate as one pleased,
which seemed to him more efficacious; a change, too, in the marriage
laws, without forgetting the granting of affiliation rights.

However, Boutan ended by interrupting him. "All the legislative measures
in the world will do nothing," said the doctor. "Manners and customs, our
notions of what is moral and what is not, our very conceptions of the
beautiful in life--all must be changed. If France is becoming
depopulated, it is because she so chooses. It is simply necessary then
for her to choose so no longer. But what a task--a whole world to create

At this Mathieu raised a superb cry: "Well! we'll create it. I've begun
well enough, surely!"

But Constance, after laughing in a constrained way, in her turn thought
it as well to change the subject. And so she at last replied to his
invitation, saying that she would do her best to go to Janville, though
she feared she might not be able to dispose of a Sunday to do so.

Dr. Boutan then took his leave, and was escorted to the door by
Beauchene, who still went on jesting, like a man well pleased with life,
one who was satisfied with himself and others, and who felt certain of
being able to arrange things as might best suit his pleasure and his

An hour later, a few minutes after midday, as Mathieu, who had been
delayed in the works, went up to the offices to fetch Morange as he had
promised to do, it occurred to him to take a short cut through the
women's workshop. And there, in that spacious gallery, already deserted
and silent, he came upon an unexpected scene which utterly amazed him. On
some pretext or other Norine had lingered there the last, and Beauchene
was with her, clasping her around the waist whilst he eagerly pressed his
lips to hers. But all at once they caught sight of Mathieu and remained
thunderstruck. And he, for his part, fled precipitately, deeply annoyed
at having been a surprised witness to such a secret.


MORANGE, the chief accountant at Beauchene's works, was a man of
thirty-eight, bald and already gray-headed, but with a superb dark,
fan-shaped beard, of which he was very proud. His full limpid eyes,
straight nose, and well-shaped if somewhat large mouth had in his younger
days given him the reputation of being a handsome fellow. He still took
great care of himself, invariably wore a tall silk hat, and preserved the
correct appearance of a very painstaking and well-bred clerk.

"You don't know our new flat yet, do you?" he asked Mathieu as he led him
away. "Oh! it's perfect, as you will see. A bedroom for us and another
for Reine. And it is so close to the works too. I get there in four
minutes, watch in hand."

He, Morange, was the son of a petty commercial clerk who had died on his
stool after forty years of cloistral office-life. And he had married a
clerk's daughter, one Valerie Duchemin, the eldest of four girls whose
parents' home had been turned into a perfect hell, full of shameful
wretchedness and unacknowledgable poverty, through this abominable
incumbrance. Valerie, who was good-looking and ambitious, was lucky
enough, however, to marry that handsome, honest, and hard-working fellow,
Morange, although she was quite without a dowry; and, this accomplished,
she indulged in the dream of climbing a little higher up the social
ladder, and freeing herself from the loathsome world of petty clerkdom by
making the son whom she hoped to have either an advocate or a doctor.
Unfortunately the much-desired child proved to be a girl; and Valerie
trembled, fearful of finding herself at last with four daughters on her
hands, just as her mother had. Her dream thereupon changed, and she
resolved to incite her husband onward to the highest posts, so that she
might ultimately give her daughter a large dowry, and by this means gain
that admittance to superior spheres which she so eagerly desired. Her
husband, who was weak and extremely fond of her, ended by sharing her
ambition, ever revolving schemes of pride and conquest for her benefit.
But he had now been eight years at the Beauchene works, and he still
earned but five thousand francs a year. This drove him and his wife to
despair. Assuredly it was not at Beauchene's that he would ever make his

"You see!" he exclaimed, after going a couple of hundred yards with
Mathieu along the Boulevard de Grenelle, "it is that new house yonder at
the street corner. It has a stylish appearance, eh?"

Mathieu then perceived a lofty modern pile, ornamented with balconies and
sculpture work, which looked quite out of place among the poor little
houses predominating in the district.

"Why, it is a palace!" he exclaimed, in order to please Morange, who
thereupon drew himself up quite proudly.

"You will see the staircase, my dear fellow! Our place, you know, is on
the fifth floor. But that is of no consequence with such a staircase, so
easy, so soft, that one climbs it almost without knowing."

Thereupon Morange showed his guest into the vestibule as if he were
ushering him into a temple. The stucco walls gleamed brightly; there was
a carpet on the stairs, and colored glass in the windows. And when, on
reaching the fifth story, the cashier opened the door with his latchkey,
he repeated, with an air of delight: "You will see, you will see!"

Valerie and Reine must have been on the watch, for they hastened forward.
At thirty-two Valerie was still young and charming. She was a
pleasant-looking brunette, with a round smiling face in a setting of
superb hair. She had a full, round bust, and admirable shoulders, of
which her husband felt quite proud whenever she showed herself in a
low-necked dress. Reine, at this time twelve years old, was the very
portrait of her mother, showing much the same smiling, if rather longer,
face under similar black tresses.

"Ah! it is very kind of you to accept our invitation," said Valerie gayly
as she pressed both Mathieu's hands. "What a pity that Madame Froment
could not come with you! Reine, why don't you relieve the gentleman of
his hat?"

Then she immediately continued: "We have a nice light anteroom, you see.
Would you like to glance over our flat while the eggs are being boiled?
That will always be one thing done, and you will then at least know where
you are lunching."

All this was said in such an agreeable way, and Morange on his side
smiled so good-naturedly, that Mathieu willingly lent himself to this
innocent display of vanity. First came the parlor, the corner room, the
walls of which were covered with pearl-gray paper with a design of golden
flowers, while the furniture consisted of some of those white lacquered
Louis XVI. pieces which makers turn out by the gross. The rosewood piano
showed like a big black blot amidst all the rest. Then, overlooking the
Boulevard de Grenelle, came Reine's bedroom, pale blue, with furniture of
polished pine. Her parents' room, a very small apartment, was at the
other end of the flat, separated from the parlor by the dining-room. The
hangings adorning it were yellow; and a bedstead, a washstand, and a
wardrobe, all of thuya, had been crowded into it. Finally the classic
"old carved oak" triumphed in the dining-room, where a heavily gilded
hanging lamp flashed like fire above the table, dazzling in its

"Why, it's delightful," Mathieu, repeated, by way of politeness; "why,
it's a real gem of a place."

In their excitement, father, mother, and daughter never ceased leading
him hither and thither, explaining matters to him and making him feel the
things. He was most struck, by the circumstance that the place recalled
something he had seen before; he seemed to be familiar with the
arrangement of the drawing-room, and with the way in which the nicknacks
in the bedchamber were set out. And all at once he remembered. Influenced
by envy and covert admiration, the Moranges, despite themselves, no
doubt, had tried to copy the Beauchenes. Always short of money as they
were, they could only and by dint of great sacrifices indulge in a
species of make-believe luxury. Nevertheless they were proud of it, and,
by imitating the envied higher class from afar, they imagined that they
drew nearer to it.

"And then," Morange exclaimed, as he opened the dining-room window,
"there is also this."

Outside, a balcony ran along the house-front, and at that height the view
was really a very fine one, similar to that obtained from the Beauchene
mansion but more extensive, the Seine showing in the distance, and the
heights of Passy rising above the nearer and lower house-roofs.

Valerie also called attention to the prospect. "It is magnificent, is it
not?" said she; "far better than the few trees that one can see from the

The servant was now bringing the boiled eggs and they took their seats at
table, while Morange victoriously explained that the place altogether
cost him sixteen hundred francs a year. It was cheap indeed, though the
amount was a heavy charge on Morange's slender income. Mathieu now began
to understand that he had been invited more particularly to admire the
new flat, and these worthy people seemed so delighted to triumph over it
before him that he took the matter gayly and without thought of spite.
There was no calculating ambition in his nature; he envied nothing of the
luxury he brushed against in other people's homes, and he was quite
satisfied with the snug modest life he led with Marianne and his
children. Thus he simply felt surprised at finding the Moranges so
desirous of cutting a figure and making money, and looked at them with a
somewhat sad smile.

Valerie was wearing a pretty gown of foulard with a pattern of little
yellow flowers, while her daughter, Reine, whom she liked to deck out
coquettishly, had a frock of blue linen stuff. There was rather too much
luxury about the meal also. Soles followed the eggs, and then came
cutlets, and afterwards asparagus.

The conversation began with some mention of Janville.

"And so your children are in good health? Oh! they are very fine children
indeed. And you really like the country? How funny! I think I should feel
dreadfully bored there, for there is too great a lack of amusements. Why,
yes, we shall be delighted to go to see you there, since Madame Froment
is kind enough to invite us."

Then, as was bound to happen, the talk turned on the Beauchenes. This was
a subject which haunted the Moranges, who lived in perpetual admiration
of the Beauchenes, though at times they covertly criticised them. Valerie
was very proud of being privileged to attend Constance's Saturday
"at-homes," and of having been twice invited to dinner by her during the
previous winter. She on her side now had a day of her own, Tuesday, and
she even gave little private parties, and half ruined herself in
providing refreshments at them. As for her acquaintances, she spoke with
profound respect of Mme. Seguin du Hordel and that lady's magnificent
mansion in the Avenue d'Antin, for Constance had obligingly obtained her
an invitation to a ball there. But she was particularly vain of the
friendship of Beauchene's sister, Seraphine, whom she invariably called
"Madame la Baronne de Lowicz."

"The Baroness came to my at-home one afternoon," she said. "She is so
very good-natured and so gay! You knew her formerly, did you not? After
her marriage, eh? when she became reconciled to her brother and their
wretched disputes about money matters were over. By the way, she has no
great liking for Madame Beauchene, as you must know."

Then she again reverted to the manufacturer's wife, declared that little
Maurice, however sturdy he might look, was simply puffed out with bad
flesh; and she remarked that it would be a terrible blow for the parents
if they should lose that only son. The subject of children was thus
started, and when Mathieu, laughing, observed that they, the Moranges,
had but one child, the cashier protested that it was unfair to compare
him with M. Beauchene, who was such a wealthy man. Valerie, for her part,
pictured the position of her parents, afflicted with four daughters, who
had been obliged to wait months and months for boots and frocks and hats,
and had grown up anyhow, in perpetual terror lest they should never find
husbands. A family was all very well, but when it happened to consist of
daughters the situation became terrible for people of limited means; for
if daughters were to be launched properly into life they must have

"Besides," said she, "I am very ambitious for my husband, and I am
convinced that he may rise to a very high position if he will only listen
to me. But he must not be saddled with a lot of incumbrances. As things
stand, I trust that we may be able to get rich and give Reine a suitable

Morange, quite moved by this little speech, caught hold of his wife's
hand and kissed it. Weak and good-natured as he was, Valerie was really
the one with will. It was she who had instilled some ambition into him,
and he esteemed her the more for it.

"My wife is a thoroughly good woman, you know, my dear Froment," said he.
"She has a good head as well as a good heart."

Then, while Valerie recapitulated her dream of wealth, the splendid flat
she would have, the receptions she would hold, and the two months which,
like the Beauchenes, she would spend at the seaside every summer, Mathieu
looked at her and her husband and pondered their position. Their case was
very different from that of old Moineaud, who knew that he would never be
a cabinet minister. Morange possibly dreamt that his wife would indeed
make him a minister some day. Every petty bourgeois in a democratic
community has a chance of rising and wishes to do so. Indeed, there is a
universal, ferocious rush, each seeking to push the others aside so that
he may the more speedily climb a rung of the social ladder. This general
ascent, this phenomenon akin to capillarity, is possible only in a
country where political equality and economic inequality prevail; for
each has the same right to fortune and has but to conquer it. There is,
however, a struggle of the vilest egotism, if one wishes to taste the
pleasures of the highly placed, pleasures which are displayed to the gaze
of all and are eagerly coveted by nearly everybody in the lower spheres.
Under a democratic constitution a nation cannot live happily if its
manners and customs are not simple, and if the conditions of life are not
virtually equal for one and all. Under other circumstances than these the
liberal professions prove all-devouring: there is a rush for public
functions; manual toil is regarded with contempt; luxury increases and
becomes necessary; and wealth and power are furiously appropriated by
assault in order that one may greedily taste the voluptuousness of
enjoyment. And in such a state of affairs, children, as Valerie put it,
were incumbrances, whereas one needed to be free, absolutely unburdened,
if one wished to climb over all one's competitors.

Mathieu also thought of that law of imitation which impels even the least
fortunate to impoverish themselves by striving to copy the happy ones of
the world. How great the distress which really lurks beneath that envied
luxury that is copied at such great cost! All sorts of useless needs are
created, and production is turned aside from the strictly necessary. One
can no longer express hardship by saying that people lack bread; what
they lack in the majority of cases is the superfluous, which they are
unable to renounce without imagining that they have gone to the dogs and
are in danger of starvation.

At dessert, when the servant was no longer present, Morange, excited by
his good meal, became expansive. Glancing at his wife he winked towards
their guest, saying:

"Come, he's a safe friend; one may tell him everything."

And when Valerie had consented with a smile and a nod, he went on: "Well,
this is the matter, my dear fellow: it is possible that I may soon leave
the works. Oh! it's not decided, but I'm thinking of it. Yes, I've been
thinking of it for some months past; for, when all is said, to earn five
thousand francs a year, after eight years' zeal, and to think that one
will never earn much more, is enough to make one despair of life."

"It's monstrous," the young woman interrupted: "it is like breaking one's
head intentionally against a wall."

"Well, in such circumstances, my dear friend, the best course is to look
out for something elsewhere, is it not? Do you remember Michaud, whom I
had under my orders at the works some six years ago? A very intelligent
fellow he was. Well, scarcely six years have elapsed since he left us to
go to the Credit National, and what do you think he is now earning there?
Twelve thousand francs--you hear me--twelve thousand francs!"

The last words rang out like a trumpet-call. The Moranges' eyes dilated
with ecstasy. Even the little girl became very red.

"Last March," continued Morange, "I happened to meet Michaud, who told me
all that, and showed himself very amiable. He offered to take me with him
and help me on in my turn. Only there's some risk to run. He explained to
me that I must at first accept three thousand six hundred, so as to rise
gradually to a very big figure. But three thousand six hundred! How can
one live on that in the meantime, especially now that this flat has
increased our expenses?"

At this Valerie broke in impetuously: "'Nothing venture, nothing have!'
That's what I keep on repeating to him. Of course I am in favor of
prudence; I would never let him do anything rash which might compromise
his future. But, at the same time, he can't moulder away in a situation
unworthy of him."

"And so you have made up your minds?" asked Mathieu.

"Well, my wife has calculated everything," Morange replied; "and, yes, we
have made up our minds, provided, of course, that nothing unforeseen
occurs. Besides, it is only in October that any situation will be open at
the Credit National. But, I say, my dear friend, keep the matter entirely
to yourself, for we don't want to quarrel with the Beauchenes just now."

Then he looked at his watch, for, like a good clerk, he was very
punctual, and did not wish to be late at the office. The servant was
hurried, the coffee was served, and they were drinking it, boiling hot as
it was, when the arrival of a visitor upset the little household and
caused everything to be forgotten.

"Oh!" exclaimed Valerie, as she hastily rose, flushed with pride, "Madame
la Baronne de Lowicz!"

Seraphine, at this time nine-and-twenty, was red-haired, tall and
elegant, with magnificent shoulders which were known to all Paris. Her
red lips were wreathed in a triumphant smile, and a voluptuous flame ever
shone in her large brown eyes flecked with gold.

"Pray don't disturb yourselves, my friends," said she. "Your servant
wanted to show me into the drawing-room, but I insisted on coming in
here, because it is rather a pressing matter. I have come to fetch your
charming little Reine to take her to a matinee at the Circus."

A fresh explosion of delight ensued. The child remained speechless with
joy, whilst the mother exulted and rattled on: "Oh! Madame la Baronne,
you are really too kind! You are spoiling the child. But the fact is that
she isn't dressed, and you will have to wait a moment. Come, child, make
haste, I will help you--ten minutes, you understand--I won't keep you
waiting a moment longer."

Seraphine remained alone with the two men. She had made a gesture of
surprise on perceiving Mathieu, whose hand, like an old friend, she now

"And you, are you quite well?" she asked.

"Quite well," he answered; and as she sat down near him he instinctively
pushed his chair back. He did not seem at all pleased at having met her.

He had been on familiar terms with her during his earlier days at the
Beauchene works. She was a frantic pleasure-lover, and destitute of both
conscience and moral principles. Her conduct had given rise to scandal
even before her extraordinary elopement with Baron de Lowicz, that needy
adventurer with a face like an archangel's and the soul of a swindler.
The result of the union was a stillborn child. Then Seraphine, who was
extremely egotistical and avaricious, quarrelled with her husband and
drove him away. He repaired to Berlin, and was killed there in a brawl at
a gambling den. Delighted at being rid of him, Seraphine made every use
of her liberty as a young widow. She figured at every fete, took part in
every kind of amusement, and many scandalous stories were told of her;
but she contrived to keep up appearances and was thus still received

"You are living in the country, are you not?" she asked again, turning
towards Mathieu.

"Yes, we have been there for three weeks past."

"Constance told me of it. I met her the other day at Madame Seguin's. We
are on the best terms possible, you know, now that I give my brother good

In point of fact her sister-in-law, Constance, hated her, but with her
usual boldness she treated the matter as a joke.

"We talked about Dr. Gaude," she resumed; "I fancied that she wanted to
ask for his address; but she did not dare."

"Dr. Gaude!" interrupted Morange. "Ah! yes, a friend of my wife's spoke
to her about him. He's a wonderfully clever man, it appears. Some of his
operations are like miracles."

Then he went on talking of Dr. Gaude's clinic at the Hopital Marbeuf, a
clinic whither society folks hastened to see operations performed, just
as they might go to a theatre. The doctor, who was fond of money, and who
bled his wealthy lady patients in more senses than one, was likewise
partial to glory and proud of accomplishing the most dangerous
experiments on the unhappy creatures who fell into his hands. The
newspapers were always talking about him, his cures were constantly
puffed and advertised by way of inducing fine ladies to trust themselves
to his skill. And he certainly accomplished wonders, cutting and carving
his patients in the quietest, most unconcerned way possible, with never a
scruple, never a doubt as to whether what he did was strictly right or

Seraphine had begun to laugh, showing her white wolfish teeth between her
blood-red lips, when she noticed the horrified expression which had
appeared on Mathieu's face since Gaude had been spoken of. "Ah!" said
she; "there's a man, now, who in nowise resembles your squeamish Dr.
Boutan, who is always prattling about the birth-rate. I can't understand
why Constance keeps to that old-fashioned booby, holding the views she
does. She is quite right, you know, in her opinions. I fully share them."

Morange laughed complaisantly. He wished to show her that his opinions
were the same. However, as Valerie did not return with Reine, he grew
impatient, and asked permission to go and see what they were about.
Perhaps he himself might be able to help in getting the child ready.

As soon as Seraphine was alone with Mathieu she turned her big, ardent,
gold-flecked eyes upon him. She no longer laughed with the same laugh as
a moment previously; an expression of voluptuous irony appeared on her
bold bad face. After a spell of silence she inquired, "And is my good
cousin Marianne quite well?"

"Quite well," replied Mathieu.

"And the children are still growing?"

Yes, still growing."

"So you are happy, like a good paterfamilias, in your little nook?"

"Perfectly happy."

Again she lapsed into silence, but she did not cease to look at him, more
provoking, more radiant than ever, with the charm of a young sorceress
whose eyes burn and poison men's hearts. And at last she slowly resumed:
"And so it is all over between us?"

He made a gesture in token of assent. There had long since been a passing
fancy between them. He had been nineteen at the time, and she
two-and-twenty. He had then but just entered life, and she was already
married. But a few months later he had fallen in love with Marianne, and
had then entirely freed himself from her.

"All over--really?" she again inquired, smiling but aggressive.

She was looking very beautiful and bold, seeking to tempt him and carry
him off from that silly little cousin of hers, whose tears would simply
have made her laugh. And as Mathieu did not this time give her any
answer, even by a wave of the hand, she went on: "I prefer that: don't
reply: don't say that it is all over. You might make a mistake, you

For a moment Mathieu's eyes flashed, then he closed them in order that he
might no longer see Seraphine, who was leaning towards him. It seemed as
if all the past were coming back. She almost pressed her lips to his as
she whispered that she still loved him; and when he drew back, full of
mingled emotion and annoyance, she raised her little hand to his mouth as
if she feared that he was again going to say no.

"Be quiet," said she; "they are coming."

The Moranges were now indeed returning with Reine, whose hair had been
curled. The child looked quite delicious in her frock of rose silk decked
with white lace, and her large hat trimmed with some of the dress
material. Her gay round face showed with flowery delicacy under the rose

"Oh, what a love!" exclaimed Seraphine by way of pleasing the parents.
"Somebody will be stealing her from me, you know."

Then it occurred to her to kiss the child in passionate fashion, feigning
the emotion of a woman who regrets that she is childless. "Yes; indeed
one regrets it very much when one sees such a treasure as this sweet girl
of yours. Ah! if one could only be sure that God would give one such a
charming child--well, at all events, I shall steal her from you; you need
not expect me to bring her back again."

The enraptured Moranges laughed delightedly. And Mathieu, who knew her
well, listened in stupefaction. How many times during their short and
passionate attachment had she not inveighed against children! In her
estimation maternity poisoned love, aged woman, and made a horror of her
in the eyes of man.

The Moranges accompanied her and Reine to the landing. And they could not
find words warm enough to express their happiness at seeing such coveted
wealth and luxury come to seek their daughter. When the door of the flat
was closed Valerie darted on to the balcony, exclaiming, "Let us see them
drive off."

Morange, who no longer gave a thought to the office, took up a position
near her, and called Mathieu and compelled him likewise to lean over and
look down. A well-appointed victoria was waiting below with a
superb-looking coachman motionless on the box-seat. This sight put a
finishing touch to the excitement of the Moranges. When Seraphine had
installed the little girl beside her, they laughed aloud.

"How pretty she looks! How happy she must feel!"

Reine must have been conscious that they were looking at her, for she
raised her head, smiled and bowed. And Seraphine did the same, while the
horse broke into a trot and turned the corner of the avenue. Then came a
final explosion--

"Look at her!" repeated Valerie; "she is so candid! At twelve years old
she is still as innocent as a child in her cradle. You know that I trust
her to nobody. Wouldn't one think her a little duchess who has always had
a carriage of her own?"

Then Morange reverted to his dream of fortune. "Well," said he, "I hope
that she _will_ have a carriage when we marry her off. Just let me get
into the Credit National and you will see all your desires fulfilled."

And turning towards Mathieu he added, "There are three of us, and, as I
have said before, that is quite enough for a man to provide for,
especially as money is so hard to earn."


AT the works during the afternoon Mathieu, who wished to be free earlier
than usual in order that, before dining in town, he might call upon his
landlord, in accordance with his promise to Marianne, found himself so
busy that he scarcely caught sight of Beauchene. This was a relief, for
the secret which he had discovered by chance annoyed him, and he feared
lest he might cause his employer embarrassment. But the latter, when they
exchanged a few passing words, did not seem to remember even that there
was any cause for shame on his part. He had never before shown himself
more active, more devoted to business. The fatigue he had felt in the
morning had passed away, and he talked and laughed like one who finds
life very pleasant, and has no fear whatever of hard work.

As a rule Mathieu left at six o'clock; but that day he went into
Morange's office at half-past five to receive his month's salary. This
rightly amounted to three hundred and fifty francs; but as five hundred
had been advanced to him in January, which he paid back by instalments of
fifty, he now received only fifteen louis, and these he pocketed with
such an air of satisfaction that the accountant commented on it.

"Well," said the young fellow, "the money's welcome, for I left my wife
with just thirty sous this morning."

It was already more than six o'clock when he found himself outside the
superb house which the Seguin du Hordel family occupied in the Avenue
d'Antin. Seguin's grandfather had been a mere tiller of the soil at
Janville. Later on, his father, as a contractor for the army, had made a
considerable fortune. And he, son of a parvenu, led the life of a rich,
elegant idler. He was a member of the leading clubs, and, while
passionately fond of horses, affected also a taste for art and
literature, going for fashion's sake to extreme opinions. He had proudly
married an almost portionless girl of a very ancient aristocratic race,
the last of the Vaugelades, whose blood was poor and whose mind was
narrow. Her mother, an ardent Catholic, had only succeeded in making of
her one who, while following religious practices, was eager for the joys
of the world. Seguin, since his marriage, had likewise practised
religion, because it was fashionable to do so. His peasant grandfather
had had ten children; his father, the army contractor, had been content
with six; and he himself had two, a boy and a girl, and deemed even that
number more than was right.

One part of Seguin's fortune consisted of an estate of some twelve
hundred acres--woods and heaths--above Janville, which his father had
purchased with some of his large gains after retiring from business. The
old man's long-caressed dream had been to return in triumph to his native
village, whence he had started quite poor, and he was on the point of
there building himself a princely residence in the midst of a vast park
when death snatched him away. Almost the whole of this estate had come to
Seguin in his share of the paternal inheritance, and he had turned the
shooting rights to some account by dividing them into shares of five
hundred francs value, which his friends eagerly purchased. The income
derived from this source was, however, but a meagre one. Apart from the
woods there was only uncultivated land on the estate, marshes, patches of
sand, and fields of stones; and for centuries past the opinion of the
district had been that no agriculturist could ever turn the expanse to
good account. The defunct army contractor alone had been able to picture
there a romantic park, such as he had dreamt of creating around his regal
abode. It was he, by the way, who had obtained an authorization to add to
the name of Seguin that of Du Hordel--taken from a ruined tower called
the Hordel which stood on the estate.

It was through Beauchene, one of the shareholders of the shooting rights,
that Mathieu had made Seguin's acquaintance, and had discovered the old
hunting-box, the lonely, quiet pavilion, which had pleased him so much
that he had rented it. Valentine, who good-naturedly treated Marianne as
a poor friend, had even been amiable enough to visit her there, and had
declared the situation of the place to be quite poetical, laughing the
while over her previous ignorance of it like one who had known nothing of
her property. In reality she herself would not have lived there for an
hour. Her husband had launched her into the feverish life of literary,
artistic, and social Paris, hurrying her to gatherings, studios,
exhibitions, theatres, and other pleasure resorts--all those brasier-like
places where weak heads and wavering hearts are lost. He himself, amid
all his passion for show, felt bored to death everywhere, and was at ease
only among his horses; and this despite his pretensions with respect to
advanced literature and philosophy, his collections of curios, such as
the bourgeois of to-day does not yet understand, his furniture, his
pottery, his pewter-work, and particularly his bookbindings, of which he
was very proud. And he was turning his wife into a copy of himself,
perverting her by his extravagant opinions and his promiscuous
friendships, so that the little devotee who had been confided to his
keeping was now on the high road to every kind of folly. She still went
to mass and partook of the holy communion; but she was each day growing
more and more familiar with wrong-doing. A disaster must surely be at the
end of it all, particularly as he foolishly behaved to her in a rough,
jeering way, which greatly hurt her feelings, and led her to dream of
being loved with gentleness.

When Mathieu entered the house, which displayed eight lofty windows on
each of the stories of its ornate Renaissance facade, he laughed lightly
as he thought: "These folks don't have to wait for a monthly pittance of
three hundred francs, with just thirty sous in hand."

The hall was extremely rich, all bronze and marble. On the right hand
were the dining-room and two drawing-rooms; on the left a billiard-room,
a smoking-room, and a winter garden. On the first floor, in front of the
broad staircase, was Seguin's so-called "cabinet," a vast apartment,
sixteen feet high, forty feet long, and six-and-twenty feet wide, which
occupied all the central part of the house; while the husband's bed and
dressing rooms were on the right, and those of the wife and children on
the left hand. Up above, on the second floor, two complete suites of
rooms were kept in reserve for the time when the children should have
grown up.

A footman, who knew Mathieu, at once took him upstairs to the cabinet and
begged him to wait there, while Monsieur finished dressing. For a moment
the visitor fancied himself alone and glanced round the spacious room,
feeling interested in its adornments, the lofty windows of old stained
glass, the hangings of old Genoese velvet and brocaded silk, the oak
bookcases showing the highly ornamented backs of the volumes they
contained; the tables laden with bibelots, bronzes, marbles, goldsmith's
work, glass work, and the famous collection of modern pewter-work. Then
Eastern carpets were spread out upon all sides; there were low seats and
couches for every mood of idleness, and cosy nooks in which one could
hide oneself behind fringes of lofty plants.

"Oh! so it's you, Monsieur Froment," suddenly exclaimed somebody in the
direction of the table allotted to the pewter curios. And thereupon a
tall young man of thirty, whom a screen had hitherto hidden from
Mathieu's view, came forward with outstretched hand.

"Ah!" said Mathieu, after a moment's hesitation, "Monsieur Charles

This was but their second meeting. They had found themselves together
once before in that same room. Charles Santerre, already famous as a
novelist, a young master popular in Parisian drawing-rooms, had a fine
brow, caressing brown eyes, and a large red mouth which his moustache and
beard, cut in the Assyrian style and carefully curled, helped to conceal.
He had made his way, thanks to women, whose society he sought under
pretext of studying them, but whom he was resolved to use as instruments
of fortune. As a matter of calculation and principle he had remained a
bachelor and generally installed himself in the nests of others. In
literature feminine frailty was his stock subject he had made it his
specialty to depict scenes of guilty love amid elegant, refined
surroundings. At first he had no illusions as to the literary value of
his works; he had simply chosen, in a deliberate way, what he deemed to
be a pleasant and lucrative trade. But, duped by his successes, he had
allowed pride to persuade him that he was really a writer. And nowadays
he posed as the painter of an expiring society, professing the greatest
pessimism, and basing a new religion on the annihilation of human
passion, which annihilation would insure the final happiness of the

"Seguin will be here in a moment," he resumed in an amiable way. "It
occurred to me to take him and his wife to dine at a restaurant this
evening, before going to a certain first performance where there will
probably be some fisticuffs and a rumpus to-night."

Mathieu then for the first time noticed that Santerre was in evening
dress. They continued chatting for a moment, and the novelist called
attention to a new pewter treasure among Seguin's collection. It
represented a long, thin woman, stretched full-length, with her hair
streaming around her. She seemed to be sobbing as she lay there, and
Santerre declared the conception to be a masterpiece. The figure
symbolized the end of woman, reduced to despair and solitude when man
should finally have made up his mind to have nothing further to do with
her. It was the novelist who, in literary and artistic matters, helped on
the insanity which was gradually springing up in the Seguins' home.

However, Seguin himself now made his appearance. He was of the same age
as Santerre, but was taller and slimmer, with fair hair, an aquiline
nose, gray eyes, and thin lips shaded by a slight moustache. He also was
in evening dress.

"Ah! well, my dear fellow," said he with the slight lisp which he
affected, "Valentine is determined to put on a new gown. So we must be
patient; we shall have an hour to wait."

Then, on catching sight of Mathieu, he began to apologize, evincing much
politeness and striving to accentuate his air of frigid distinction. When
the young man, whom he called his amiable tenant, had acquainted him with
the motive of his visit--the leak in the zinc roof of the little pavilion
at Janville--he at once consented to let the local plumber do any
necessary soldering. But when, after fresh explanations, he understood
that the roofing was so worn and damaged that it required to be changed
entirely, he suddenly departed from his lofty affability and began to
protest, declaring that he could not possibly expend in such repairs a
sum which would exceed the whole annual rental of six hundred francs.

"Some soldering," he repeated; "some soldering; it's understood. I will
write to the plumber." And wishing to change the subject he added: "Oh!
wait a moment, Monsieur Froment. You are a man of taste, I know, and I
want to show you a marvel."

He really had some esteem for Mathieu, for he knew that the young fellow
possessed a quick appreciative mind. Mathieu began to smile, outwardly
yielding to this attempt to create a diversion, but determined at heart
that he would not leave the place until he had obtained the promise of a
new roof. He took hold of a book, clad in a marvellous binding, which
Seguin had fetched from a bookcase and tendered with religious care. On
the cover of soft snow-white leather was incrusted a long silver lily,
intersected by a tuft of big violet thistles. The title of the work,
"Beauty Imperishable," was engraved up above, as in a corner of the sky.

"Ah! what a delightful conception, what delightful coloring!" declared
Mathieu, who was really charmed. "Some bindings nowadays are perfect
gems." Then he noticed the title: "Why, it's Monsieur Santerre's last
novel!" said he.

Seguin smiled and glanced at the writer, who had drawn near. And when he
saw him examining the book and looking quite moved by the compliment paid
to it, he exclaimed: "My dear fellow, the binder brought it here this
morning, and I was awaiting an opportunity to surprise you with it. It is
the pearl of my collection! What do you think of the idea--that lily
which symbolizes triumphant purity, and those thistles, the plants which
spring up among ruins, and which symbolize the sterility of the world, at
last deserted, again won over to the only perfect felicity? All your work
lies in those symbols, you know."

"Yes, yes. But you spoil me; you will end by making me proud."

Mathieu had read Santerre's novel, having borrowed a copy of it from Mme.
Beauchene, in order that his wife might see it, since it was a book that
everybody was talking of. And the perusal of it had exasperated him.
Forsaking the customary bachelor's flat where in previous works he had
been so fond of laying scenes of debauchery, Santerre had this time tried
to rise to the level of pure art and lyrical symbolism. The story he told
was one of a certain Countess Anne-Marie, who, to escape a rough-mannered
husband of extreme masculinity, had sought a refuge in Brittany in the
company of a young painter endowed with divine inspiration, one Norbert,
who had undertaken to decorate a convent chapel with paintings that
depicted his various visions. And for thirty years he went on painting
there, ever in colloquy with the angels, and ever having Anne-Marie
beside him. And during those thirty years of love the Countess's beauty
remained unimpaired; she was as young and as fresh at the finish as at
the outset; whereas certain secondary personages, introduced into the
story, wives and mothers of a neighboring little town, sank into physical
and mental decay, and monstrous decrepitude. Mathieu considered the
author's theory that all physical beauty and moral nobility belonged to
virgins only, to be thoroughly imbecile, and he could not restrain
himself from hinting his disapproval of it.

Both Santerre and Seguin, however, hotly opposed him, and quite a
discussion ensued. First Santerre took up the matter from a religious
standpoint. Said he, the words of the Old Testament, "Increase and
multiply," were not to be found in the New Testament, which was the true
basis of the Christian religion. The first Christians, he declared, had
held marriage in horror, and with them the Holy Virgin had become the
ideal of womanhood. Seguin thereupon nodded approval and proceeded to
give his opinions on feminine beauty. But these were hardly to the taste
of Mathieu, who promptly pointed out that the conception of beauty had
often varied.

"To-day," said he, "you conceive beauty to consist in a long, slim,
attenuated, almost angular figure; but at the time of the Renaissance the
type of the beautiful was very different. Take Rubens, take Titian, take
even Raffaelle, and you will see that their women were of robust build.
Even their Virgin Marys have a motherly air. To my thinking, moreover, if
we reverted to some such natural type of beauty, if women were not
encouraged by fashion to compress and attenuate their figures so that
their very nature, their very organism is changed, there would perhaps be
some hope of coping with the evil of depopulation which is talked about
so much nowadays."

The others looked at him and smiled with an air of compassionate
superiority. "Depopulation an evil!" exclaimed Seguin; "can you, my dear
sir, intelligent as you are, still believe in that hackneyed old story?
Come, reflect and reason a little."

Then Santerre chimed in, and they went on talking one after the other and
at times both together. Schopenhauer and Hartmann and Nietzsche were
passed in review, and they claimed Malthus as one of themselves. But all
this literary pessimism did not trouble Mathieu. He, with his belief in
fruitfulness, remained convinced that the nation which no longer had
faith in life must be dangerously ill. True, there were hours when he
doubted the expediency of numerous families and asked himself if ten
thousand happy people were not preferable to a hundred thousand unhappy
ones; in which connection political and economic conditions had to be
taken into account. But when all was said, he remained almost convinced
that the Malthusian hypotheses would prove as false in the future as they
had proved false in the past.

"Moreover," said he, "even if the world should become densely populated,
even if food supplies, such as we know them, should fall short, chemistry
would extract other means of subsistence from inorganic matter. And,
besides, all such eventualities are so far away that it is impossible to
make any calculation on a basis of scientific certainty. In France, too,
instead of contributing to any such danger, we are going backward, we are
marching towards annihilation. The population of France was once a fourth
of the population of Europe, but now it is only one-eighth. In a century
or two Paris will be dead, like ancient Athens and ancient Rome, and we
shall have fallen to the rank that Greece now occupies. Paris seems
determined to die."

But Santerre protested: "No, no; Paris simply wishes to remain
stationary, and it wishes this precisely because it is the most
intelligent, most highly civilized city in the world. The more nations
advance in civilization the smaller becomes their birth-rate. We are
simply giving the world an example of high culture, superior
intelligence, and other nations will certainly follow that example when
in turn they also attain to our state of perfection. There are signs of
this already on every side."

"Quite so!" exclaimed Seguin, backing up his friend. "The phenomenon is
general; all the nations show the same symptoms, and are decreasing in
numbers, or will decrease as soon as they become civilized. Japan is
affected already, and the same will be the case with China as soon as
Europe forces open the door there."

Mathieu had become grave and attentive since the two society men, seated
before him in evening dress, had begun to talk more rationally. The pale,
slim, flat virgin, their ideal of feminine beauty, was no longer in
question. The history of mankind was passing by. And almost as if
communing with himself, he said: "So you do not fear the Yellow Peril,
that terrible swarming of Asiatic barbarians who, it was said, would at
some fatal moment sweep down on our Europe, ravage it, and people it
afresh? In past ages, history always began anew in that fashion, by the
sudden shifting of oceans, the invasion of fierce rough races coming to
endow weakened nations with new blood. And after each such occurrence
civilization flowered afresh, more broadly and freely than ever. How was
it that Babylon, Nineveh, and Memphis fell into dust with their
populations, who seem to have died on the spot? How is it that Athens and
Rome still agonize to-day, unable to spring afresh from their ashes and
renew the splendor of their ancient glory? How is it that death has
already laid its hand upon Paris, which, whatever her splendor, is but
the capital of a France whose virility is weakened? You may argue as you
please and say that, like the ancient capitals of the world, Paris is
dying of an excess of culture, intelligence, and civilization; it is none
the less a fact that she is approaching death, the turn of the tide which
will carry splendor and power to some new nation. Your theory of
equilibrium is wrong. Nothing can remain stationary; whatever ceases to
grow, decreases and disappears. And if Paris is bent on dying, she will
die, and the country with her."

"Well, for my part," declared Santerre, resuming the pose of an elegant
pessimist, "if she wishes to die, I shan't oppose her. In fact, I'm fully
determined to help her."

"It is evident that the really honest, sensible course is to check any
increase of population," added Seguin.

But Mathieu, as if he had not heard them, went on: "I know Herbert
Spencer's law, and I believe it to be theoretically correct. It is
certain that civilization is a check to fruitfulness, so that one may
picture a series of social evolutions conducing now to decrease and now
to increase of population, the whole ending in final equilibrium, by the
very effect of culture's victory when the world shall be entirely
populated and civilized. But who can foretell what road will be followed,
through what disasters and sufferings one may have to go? More and more
nations may disappear, and others may replace them; and how many
thousands of years may not be needed before the final adjustment,
compounded of truth, justice, and peace, is arrived at? At the thought of
this the mind trembles and hesitates, and the heart contracts with a

Deep silence fell while he thus remained disturbed, shaken in his faith
in the good powers of life, and at a loss as to who was right--he or
those two men so languidly stretched out before him.

But Valentine, Seguin's wife, came in, laughing and making an exhibition
of masculine ways, which it had cost her much trouble to acquire.

"Ah! you people; you must not bear me any malice, you know. That girl
Celeste takes such a time over everything!"

At five-and-twenty Valentine was short, slight, and still girlish. Fair,
with a delicate face, laughing blue eyes, and a pert little nose, she
could not claim to be pretty. Still she was charming and droll, and very
free and easy in her ways; for not only did her husband take her about
with him to all sorts of objectionable places, but she had become quite
familiar with the artists and writers who frequented the house. Thus it
was only in the presence of something extremely insulting that she again
showed herself the last of the Vaugelades, and would all at once draw
herself up and display haughty contempt and frigidity.

"Ah! it's you, Monsieur Froment," she said amiably, stepping towards
Mathieu and shaking his hand in cavalier fashion. "Is Madame Froment in
good health? Are the children flourishing as usual?"

Seguin was examining her dress, a gown of white silk trimmed with
unbleached lace, and he suddenly gave way to one of those horribly rude
fits which burst forth at times amid all his great affectation of
politeness. "What! have you kept us waiting all this time to put that rag
on? Well, you never looked a greater fright in your life!"

And she had entered the room convinced that she looked charming! She made
an effort to control herself, but her girlish face darkened and assumed
an expression of haughty, vindictive revolt. Then she slowly turned her
eyes towards the friend who was present, and who was gazing at her with
ecstasy, striving to accentuate the slavish submissiveness of his

"You look delicious!" he murmured; "that gown is a marvel."

Seguin laughed and twitted Santerre on his obsequiousness towards women.
Valentine, mollified by the compliment, soon recovered her birdlike
gayety, and such free and easy conversation ensued between the trio that
Mathieu felt both stupefied and embarrassed. In fact, he would have gone
off at once had it not been for his desire to obtain from his landlord a
promise to repair the pavilion properly.

"Wait another moment," Valentine at last said to her husband; "I told
Celeste to bring the children, so that we might kiss them before

Mathieu wished to profit by this fresh delay, and sought to renew his
request; but Valentine was already rattling on again, talking of dining
at the most disreputable restaurant possible, and asking if at the first
performance which they were to attend they would see all the horrors
which had been hissed at the dress rehearsal the night before. She
appeared like a pupil of the two men between whom she stood. She even
went further in her opinions than they did, displaying the wildest
pessimism, and such extreme views on literature and art that they
themselves could not forbear laughing. Wagner was greatly over-estimated,
in her opinion; she asked for invertebrate music, the free harmony of the
passing wind. As for her moral views, they were enough to make one
shudder. She had got past the argumentative amours of Ibsen's idiotic,
rebellious heroines, and had now reached the theory of pure intangible
beauty. She deemed Santerre's last creation, Anne-Marie, to be far too
material and degraded, because in one deplorable passage the author
remarked that Norbert's kisses had left their trace on the Countess's
brow. Santerre disputed the quotation, whereupon she rushed upon the
volume and sought the page to which she had referred.

"But I never degraded her," exclaimed the novelist in despair. "She never
has a child."

"Pooh! What of that?" exclaimed Valentine. "If Anne-Marie is to raise our
hearts she ought to be like spotless marble, and Norbert's kisses should
leave no mark upon her."

But she was interrupted, for Celeste, the maid, a tall dark girl with an
equine head, big features, and a pleasant air, now came in with the two
children. Gaston was at this time five years old, and Lucie was three.
Both were slight and delicate, pale like roses blooming in the shade.
Like their mother, they were fair. The lad's hair was inclined to be
carroty, while that of the girl suggested the color of oats. And they
also had their mother's blue eyes, but their faces were elongated like
that of their father. Dressed in white, with their locks curled, arrayed
indeed in the most coquettish style, they looked like big fragile dolls.
The parents were touched in their worldly pride at sight of them, and
insisted on their playing their parts with due propriety.

"Well, don't you wish anybody good evening?"

The children were not timid; they were already used to society and looked
visitors full in the face. If they made little haste, it was because they
were naturally indolent and did not care to obey. They at last made up
their minds and allowed themselves to be kissed.

"Good evening, good friend Santerre."

Then they hesitated before Mathieu, and their father had to remind them
of the gentleman's name, though they had already seen him on two or three

"Good evening, Monsieur Froment."

Valentine took hold of them, sat them on her lap, and half stifled them
with caresses. She seemed to adore them, but as soon as she had sat them
down again she forgot all about them.

"So you are going out again, mamma?" asked the little boy.

"Why, yes, my darling. Papas and mammas, you know, have their affairs to
see to."

"So we shall have dinner all alone, mamma?"

Valentine did not answer, but turned towards the maid, who was waiting
for orders;--

"You are not to leave them for a moment, Celeste--you hear? And, above
all things, they are not to go into the kitchen. I can never come home
without finding them in the kitchen. It is exasperating. Let them have
their dinner at seven, and put them to bed at nine. And see that they go
to sleep."

The big girl with the equine head listened with an air of respectful
obedience, while her faint smile expressed the cunning of a Norman
peasant who had been five years in Paris already and was hardened to
service, and well knew what was done with children when the master and
mistress were absent.

"Madame," she said in a simple way, "Mademoiselle Lucie is poorly. She
has been sick again."

"What? sick again!" cried the father in a fury. "I am always hearing of
that! They are always being sick! And it always happens when we are going
out! It is very disagreeable, my dear; you might see to it; you ought not
to let our children have papier-mache stomachs!"

The mother made an angry gesture, as if to say that she could not help
it. As a matter of fact, the children were often poorly. They had
experienced every childish ailment, they were always catching cold or
getting feverish. And they preserved the mute, moody, and somewhat
anxious demeanor of children who are abandoned to the care of servants.

"Is it true you were poorly, my little Lucie?" asked Valentine, stooping
down to the child. "You aren't poorly now, are you? No, no, it's nothing,
nothing at all. Kiss me, my pet; bid papa good night very prettily, so
that he may not feel worried in leaving you."

She rose up, already tranquillized and gay again; and, noticing that
Mathieu was looking at her, she exclaimed:

"Ah! these little folks give one a deal of worry. But one loves them
dearly all the same, though, so far as there is happiness in life, it
would perhaps be better for them never to have been born. However, my
duty to the country is done. Each wife ought to have a boy and a girl as
I have."

Thereupon Mathieu, seeing that she was jesting, ventured to say with a

"Well, that isn't the opinion of your medical man, Dr. Boutan. He
declares that to make the country prosperous every married couple ought
to have four children."

"Four children! He's mad!" cried Seguin. And again with the greatest
freedom of language he brought forward his pet theories. There was a
world of meaning in his wife's laughter while Celeste stood there unmoved
and the children listened without understanding. But at last Santerre led
the Seguins away. It was only in the hall that Mathieu obtained from his
landlord a promise that he would write to the plumber at Janville and
that the roof of the pavilion should be entirely renovated, since the
rain came into the bedrooms.

The Seguins' landau was waiting at the door. When they had got into it
with their friend, it occurred to Mathieu to raise his eyes; and at one
of the windows he perceived Celeste standing between the two children,
intent, no doubt, on assuring herself that Monsieur and Madame were
really going. The young man recalled Reine's departure from her parents;
but here both Lucie and Gaston remained motionless, gravely mournful, and
neither their father nor their mother once thought of looking up at them.


AT half-past seven o'clock, when Mathieu arrived at the restaurant on the
Place de la Madeleine where he was to meet his employer, he found him
already there, drinking a glass of madeira with his customer, M.
Firon-Badinier. The dinner was a remarkable one; choice viands and the
best wines were served in abundance. But Mathieu was struck less by the
appetite which the others displayed than by Beauchene's activity and
skill. Glass in hand, never losing a bite, he had already persuaded his
customer, by the time the roast arrived, to order not only the new
thresher but also a mowing machine. M. Firon-Badinier was to take the
train for Evreux at nine-twenty, and when nine o'clock struck, the other,
now eager to be rid of him, contrived to pack him off in a cab to the
St.-Lazare railway station.

For a moment Beauchene remained standing on the pavement with Mathieu,
and took off his hat in order that the mild breezes of that delightful
May evening might cool his burning head.

"Well, that's settled," he said with a laugh. "But it wasn't so easily
managed. It was the Pommard which induced the beggar to make up his mind.
All the same, I was dreadfully afraid he would make me miss my

These remarks, which escaped him amid his semi-intoxication, led him to
more confidential talk. He put on his hat again, lighted a fresh cigar,
and took Mathieu's arm. Then they walked on slowly through the
passion-stirred throng and the nightly blaze of the Boulevards.

"There's plenty of time," said Beauchene. "I'm not expected till
half-past nine, and it's close by. Will you have a cigar? No? You never


"Well, my dear fellow, it would be ridiculous to feign with you, since
you happened to see me this morning. Oh, it's a stupid affair! I'm quite
of that opinion; but, then, what would you have?"

Thereupon he launched out into long explanations concerning his marital
life and the intrigue which had suddenly sprung up between him and that
girl Norine, old Moineaud's daughter. He professed the greatest respect
for his wife, but he was nevertheless a loose liver; and Constance was
now beginning to resign herself to the inevitable. She closed her eyes
when it would have been unpleasant for her to keep them open. She knew
very well that it was essential that the business should be kept together
and pass intact into the hands of their son Maurice. A tribe of children
would have meant the ruin of all their plans.

Mathieu listened at first in great astonishment, and then began to ask
questions and raise objections, at most of which Beauchene laughed gayly,
like the gross egotist he was. He talked at length with extreme
volubility, going into all sorts of details, at times assuming a
semi-apologetic manner, but more frequently justifying himself with an
air of triumph. And, finally, when they reached the corner of the Rue
Caumartin he halted to bid Mathieu good-by. He there had a little
bachelor's lodging, which was kept in order by the concierge of the
house, who, being very well paid, proved an extremely discreet domestic.

As he hurried off, Mathieu, still standing at the corner of the street,
could not help thinking of the scenes which he had witnessed at the
Beauchene works that day. He thought of old Moineaud, the fitter, whom he
again saw standing silent and unmoved in the women's workroom while his
daughter Euphrasie was being soundly rated by Beauchene, and while
Norine, the other girl, looked on with a sly laugh. When the toiler's
children have grown up and gone to join, the lads the army of slaughter,
and the girls the army of vice, the father, degraded by the ills of life,
pays little heed to it all. To him it is seemingly a matter of
indifference to what disaster the wind may carry the fledgelings who fall
from the nest.

It was now half-past nine o'clock, and Mathieu had more than an hour
before him to reach the Northern railway station. So he did not hurry,
but strolled very leisurely up the Boulevards. He had eaten and drunk far
more than usual, and Beauchene's insidious confidential talk, still
buzzing in his ears, helped on his intoxication. His hands were hot, and
now and again a sudden glow passed over his face. And what a warm evening
it was, too, on those Boulevards, blazing with electric lights, fevered
by a swarming, jostling throng, amid a ceaseless rumble of cabs and
omnibuses! It was all like a stream of ardent life flowing away into the
night, and Mathieu allowed himself to be carried on by the torrent, whose
hot breath, whose glow of passion, he ever felt sweeping over him.

Then, in a reverie, he pictured the day he had just spent. First he was
at the Beauchenes' in the morning, and saw the father and mother
standing, like accomplices who fully shared one another's views, beside
the sofa on which Maurice, their only son, lay dozing with a pale and
waxen face. The works must never be exposed to the danger of being
subdivided. Maurice alone must inherit all the millions which the
business might yield, so that he might become one of the princes of
industry. And therefore the husband hurried off to sin while the wife
closed her eyes. In this sense, in defiance of morality and health, did
the capitalist bourgeoisie, which had replaced the old nobility,
virtually re-establish the law of primogeniture. That law had been
abolished at the Revolution for the bourgeoisie's benefit; but now, also
for its own purposes, it revived it. Each family must have but one son.

Mathieu had reached this stage in his reflections when his thoughts were
diverted by several street hawkers who, in selling the last edition of an
evening print, announced a "drawing" of the lottery stock of some
enterprise launched by the Credit National. And then he suddenly recalled
the Moranges in their dining-room, and heard them recapitulate their
dream of making a big fortune as soon as the accountant should have
secured a post in one of the big banking establishments, where the
principals raise men of value to the highest posts. Those Moranges lived
in everlasting dread of seeing their daughter marry a needy petty clerk;
succumbing to that irresistible fever which, in a democracy ravaged by
political equality and economic inequality, impels every one to climb
higher up the social ladder. Envy consumed them at the thought of the
luxury of others; they plunged into debt in order that they might imitate
from afar the elegance of the upper class, and all their natural honesty
and good nature was poisoned by the insanity born of ambitious pride. And
here again but one child was permissible, lest they should be
embarrassed, delayed, forever impeded in the attainment of the future
they coveted.

A crowd of people now barred Mathieu's way, and he perceived that he was
near the theatre, where a first performance was taking place that
evening. It was a theatre where free farcical pieces were produced, and
on its walls were posted huge portraits of its "star," a carroty wench
with a long flat figure, destitute of all womanliness, and seemingly
symbolical of perversity. Passers-by stopped to gaze at the bills, the
vilest remarks were heard, and Mathieu remembered that the Seguins and
Santerre were inside the house, laughing at the piece, which was of so
filthy a nature that the spectators at the dress rehearsal, though they
were by no means over-nice in such matters, had expressed their disgust
by almost wrecking the auditorium. And while the Seguins were gloating
over this horror, yonder, at their house in the Avenue d'Antin, Celeste
had just put the children, Gaston and Lucie, to bed, and had then hastily
returned to the kitchen, where a friend, Madame Menoux, who kept a little
haberdasher's shop in the neighborhood, awaited her. Gaston, having been
given some wine to drink, was already asleep; but Lucie, who again felt
sick, lay shivering in her bed, not daring to call Celeste, lest the
servant, who did not like to be disturbed, should ill-treat her. And, at
two o'clock in the morning, after offering Santerre an oyster supper at a
night restaurant, the Seguins would come home, their minds unhinged by
the imbecile literature and art to which they had taken for fashion's
sake, vitiated yet more by the ignoble performance they had witnessed,
and the base society they had elbowed at supper. They seemed to typify
vice for vice's sake, elegant vice and pessimism as a principle.

Indeed, when Mathieu tried to sum up his day, he found vice on every
side, in each of the spheres with which he had come in contact. And now
the examples he had witnessed filled him no longer with mere surprise;
they disturbed him, they shook his beliefs, they made him doubt whether
his notions of life, duty, and happiness might not after all be

He stopped short and drew a long breath, seeking to drive away his
growing intoxication. He had passed the Grand Opera and was reaching the
crossway of the Rue Drouot. Perhaps his increase of fever was due to
those glowing Boulevards. The private rooms of the restaurants were still
ablaze, the cafes threw bright radiance across the road, the pavement was
blocked by their tables and chairs and customers. All Paris seemed to
have come down thither to enjoy that delightful evening. There was
endless elbowing, endless mingling of breath as the swelling crowd
sauntered along. Couples lingered before the sparkling displays of
jewellers' shops. Middle-class families swept under dazzling arches of
electric lamps into cafes concerts, whose huge posters promised the
grossest amusements. Hundreds and hundreds of women went by with trailing
skirts, and whispered and jested and laughed; while men darted in
pursuit, now of a fair chignon, now of a dark one. In the open cabs men
and women sat side by side, now husbands and wives long since married,
now chance couples who had met but an hour ago. But Mathieu went on
again, yielding to the force of the current, carried along like all the
others, a prey to the same fever which sprang from the surroundings, from
the excitement of the day, from the customs of the age. And he no longer
took the Beauchenes, the Moranges, the Seguins as isolated types; it was
all Paris that symbolized vice, all Paris that yielded to debauchery and
sank into degradation. There were the folks of high culture, the folks
suffering from literary neurosis; there were the merchant princes; there
were the men of liberal professions, the lawyers, the doctors, the
engineers; there were the people of the lower middle-class, the petty
tradesmen, the petty clerks; there were even the manual workers, poisoned
by the example of the upper spheres--all practising the doctrines of
egotism as vanity and the passion for money grew more and more intense. .
. . No more children! Paris was bent on dying. And Mathieu recalled how
Napoleon I., one evening after battle, on beholding a plain strewn with
the corpses of his soldiers, had put his trust in Paris to repair the
carnage of that day. But times had changed. Paris would no longer supply
life, whether it were for slaughter or for toil.

And as Mathieu thought of it all a sudden weakness came upon him. Again
he asked himself whether the Beauchenes, the Moranges, the Seguins, and
all those thousands and thousands around him were not right, and whether
he were not the fool, the dupe, the criminal, with his belief in life
ever renascent, ever growing and spreading throughout the world. And
before him arose, too, the image of Seraphine, the temptress, opening her
perfumed arms to him and carrying him off to the same existence of
pleasure and baseness which the others led.

Then he remembered the three hundred francs which he carried in his
pocket. Three hundred francs, which must last for a whole month, though
out of them he had to pay various little sums that he already owed. The
remainder would barely suffice to buy a ribbon for Marianne and jam for
the youngsters' bread. And if he set the Moranges on one side, the
others, the Beauchenes and the Seguins, were rich. He bitterly recalled
their wealth. He pictured the rumbling factory with its black buildings
covering a great stretch of ground; he pictured hundreds of workmen ever
increasing the fortune of their master, who dwelt in a handsomely
appointed pavilion and whose only son was growing up for future
sovereignty, under his mother's vigilant eyes. He pictured, too, the
Seguins' luxurious mansion in the Avenue d'Antin, the great hall, the
magnificent staircase, the vast room above, crowded with marvels; he
pictured all the refinement, all the train of wealth, all the tokens of
lavish life, the big dowry which would be given to the little girl, the
high position which would be purchased for the son. And he, bare and
empty-handed, who now possessed nothing, not even a stone at the edge of
a field, would doubtless always possess nothing, neither factory buzzing
with workmen, nor mansion rearing its proud front aloft. And he was the
imprudent one, and the others were the sensible, the wise. What would
ever become of himself and his troop of children? Would he not die in
some garret? would they not lead lives of abject wretchedness? Ah! it was
evident the others were right, the others were sensible. And he felt
unhinged, he regarded himself with contempt, like a fool who has allowed
himself to be duped.

Then once more the image of Seraphine arose before his eyes, more
tempting than ever. A slight quiver came upon him as he beheld the blaze
of the Northern railway station and all the feverish traffic around it.
Wild fancies surged through his brain. He thought of Beauchene. Why
should he not do likewise? He recalled past times, and, yielding to
sudden madness, turned his back upon the station and retraced his steps
towards the Boulevards. Seraphine, he said to himself, was doubtless
waiting for him; she had told him that he would always be welcome. As for
his wife, he would tell her he had missed his train.

At last a block in the traffic made him pause, and on raising his eyes he
saw that he had reached the Boulevards once more. The crowd still
streamed along, but with increased feverishness. Mathieu's temples were
beating, and wild words escaped his lips. Why should he not live the same
life as the others? He was ready, even eager, to plunge into it. But the
block in the traffic continued, he could not cross the road; and while he
stood there hesitation and doubt came upon him. He saw in that increasing
obstruction a deliberate obstacle to his wild design. And all at once the
image of Seraphine faded from before his mind's eye and he beheld
another, his wife, his dear wife Marianne, awaiting him, all smiles and
trustfulness, in the fresh quietude of the country. Could he deceive her?
. . . Then all at once he again rushed off towards the railway station,
in fear lest he should lose his train. He was determined that he would
listen to no further promptings, that he would cast no further glance
upon glowing, dissolute Paris, and he reached the station just in time to
climb into a car. The train started and he journeyed on, leaning out of
his compartment and offering his face to the cool night breeze in order
that it might calm and carry off the evil fever that had possessed him.

The night was moonless, but studded with such pure and such glowing stars
that the country could be seen spreading far away beneath a soft bluish
radiance. Already at twenty minutes past eleven Marianne found herself on
the little bridge crossing the Yeuse, midway between Chantebled, the
pavilion where she and her husband lived, and the station of Janville.
The children were fast asleep; she had left them in the charge of Zoe,
the servant, who sat knitting beside a lamp, the light of which could be
seen from afar, showing like a bright spark amid the black line of the

Whenever Mathieu returned home by the seven o'clock train, as was his
wont, Marianne came to meet him at the bridge. Occasionally she brought
her two eldest boys, the twins, with her, though their little legs moved
but slowly on the return journey when, in retracing their steps, a
thousand yards or more, they had to climb a rather steep hillside. And
that evening, late though the hour was, Marianne had yielded to that
pleasant habit of hers, enjoying the delight of thus going forward
through the lovely night to meet the man she worshipped. She never went
further than the bridge which arched over the narrow river. She seated
herself on its broad, low parapet, as on some rustic bench, and thence
she overlooked the whole plain as far as the houses of Janville, before
which passed the railway line. And from afar she could see her husband
approaching along the road which wound between the cornfields.

That evening she took her usual seat under the broad velvety sky spangled
with gold. And with a movement which bespoke her solicitude she turned
towards the bright little light shining on the verge of the sombre woods,
a light telling of the quietude of the room in which it burnt, the
servant's tranquil vigil, and the happy slumber of the children in the
adjoining chamber. Then Marianne let her gaze wander all around her, over
the great estate of Chantebled, belonging to the Seguins. The dilapidated
pavilion stood at the extreme edge of the woods whose copses, intersected
by patches of heath, spread over a lofty plateau to the distant farms of
Mareuil and Lillebonne. But that was not all, for to the west of the
plateau lay more than two hundred and fifty acres of land, a marshy
expanse where pools stagnated amid brushwood, vast uncultivated tracts,
where one went duck-shooting in winter. And there was yet a third part of
the estate, acres upon acres of equally sterile soil, all sand and
gravel, descending in a gentle slope to the embankment of the railway
line. It was indeed a stretch of country lost to culture, where the few
good patches of loam remained unproductive, inclosed within the waste
land. But the spot had all the beauty and exquisite wildness of solitude,
and was one that appealed to healthy minds fond of seeing nature in
freedom. And on that lovely night one could nowhere have found more
perfect and more balmy quiet.

Marianne, who since coming to the district had already threaded the
woodland paths, explored the stretches of brushwood around the meres, and
descended the pebbly slopes, let her eyes travel slowly over the expanse,
divining spots she had visited and was fond of, though the darkness now
prevented her from seeing them. In the depths of the woods an owl raised
its soft, regular cry, while from a pond on the right ascended a faint
croaking of frogs, so far away that it sounded like the vibration of
crystal. And from the other side, the side of Paris, there came a growing
rumble which, little by little, rose above all the other sounds of the
night. She heard it, and at last lent ear to nothing else. It was the
train, for whose familiar roar she waited every evening. As soon as it
left Monval station on its way to Janville, it gave token of its coming,
but so faintly that only a practised ear could distinguish its rumble
amid the other sounds rising from the country side. For her part, she
heard it immediately, and thereupon followed it in fancy through every
phase of its journey. And never had she been better able to do so than on
that splendid night, amid the profound quietude of the earth's slumber.
It had left Monval, it was turning beside the brickworks, it was skirting
St. George's fields. In another two minutes it would be at Janville. Then
all at once its white light shone out beyond the poplar trees of Le
Mesnil Rouge, and the panting of the engine grew louder, like that of
some giant racer drawing near. On that side the plain spread far away
into a dark, unknown region, beneath the star-spangled sky, which on the
very horizon showed a ruddy reflection like that of some brasier, the
reflection of nocturnal Paris, blazing and smoking in the darkness like a

Marianne sprang to her feet. The train stopped at Janville, and then its
rumble rose again, grew fainter, and died away in the direction of
Vieux-Bourg. But she no longer paid attention to it. She now had eyes and
ears only for the road which wound like a pale ribbon between the dark
patches of corn. Her husband did not take ten minutes to cover the
thousand yards and more which separated the station from the little
bridge. And, as a rule, she perceived and recognized him far off; but on
that particular night, such was the deep silence that she could
distinguish his footfall on the echoing road long before his dark, slim
figure showed against the pale ground. And he found her there, erect
under the stars, smiling and healthy, a picture of all that is good. The
milky whiteness of her skin was accentuated by her beautiful black hair,
caught up in a huge coil, and her big black eyes, which beamed with all
the gentleness of spouse and mother. Her straight brow, her nose, her
mouth, her chin so boldly, purely rounded, her cheeks which glowed like
savory fruit, her delightful little ears--the whole of her face, full of
love and tenderness, bespoke beauty in full health, the gayety which
comes from the accomplishment of duty, and the serene conviction that by
loving life she would live as she ought to live.

"What! so you've come then!" Mathieu exclaimed, as soon as he was near
her. "But I begged you not to come out so late. Are you not afraid at
being alone on the roads at this time of night?"

She began to laugh. "Afraid," said she, "when the night is so mild and
healthful? Besides, wouldn't you rather have me here to kiss you ten
minutes sooner?"

Those simple words brought tears to Mathieu's eyes. All the murkiness,
all the shame through which he had passed in Paris horrified him. He
tenderly took his wife in his arms, and they exchanged the closest, the
most human of kisses amid the quiet of the slumbering fields. After the
scorching pavement of Paris, after the eager struggling of the day and
the degrading spectacles of the night, how reposeful was that
far-spreading silence, that faint bluish radiance, that endless unrolling
of plains, steeped in refreshing gloom and dreaming of fructification by
the morrow's sun! And what suggestions of health, and rectitude, and
felicity rose from productive Nature, who fell asleep beneath the dew of
night solely that she might reawaken in triumph, ever and ever
rejuvenated by life's torrent, which streams even through the dust of her

Mathieu slowly seated Marianne on the low broad parapet once more. He
kept her near his heart; it was a halt full of affection, which neither
could forego, in presence of the universal peace that came to them from
the stars, and the waters, and the woods, and the endless fields.

"What a splendid night!" murmured Mathieu. "How beautiful and how
pleasant to live in it!"

Then, after a moment's rapture, during which they both heard their hearts
beating, he began to tell her of his day. She questioned him with loving
interest, and he answered, happy at having to tell her no lie.

"No, the Beauchenes cannot come here on Sunday. Constance never cared
much for us, as you well know. Their boy Maurice is suffering in the
legs; Dr. Boutan was there, and the question of children was discussed
again. I will tell you all about that. On the other hand, the Moranges
have promised to come. You can't have an idea of the delight and vanity
they displayed in showing me their new flat. What with their eagerness to
make a big fortune I'm much afraid that those worthy folks will do
something very foolish. Oh! I was forgetting. I called on the landlord,
and though I had a good deal of difficulty over it, he ended by
consenting to have the roof entirely relaid. Ah! what a home, too, those
Seguins have! I came away feeling quite scared. But I will tell you all
about it by and by with the rest."

Marianne evinced no loquacious curiosity; she quietly awaited his
confidences, and showed anxiety only respecting themselves and the

"You received your salary, didn't you?" she asked.

"Yes, yes, you need not be afraid about that."

"Oh! I'm not afraid, it's only our little debts which worry me."

Then she asked again: "And did your business dinner go off all right? I
was afraid that Beauchene might detain you and make you miss your train."

He replied that everything had gone off properly, but as he spoke he
flushed and felt a pang at his heart. To rid himself of his emotion he
affected sudden gayety.

"Well, and you, my dear," he asked, "how did you manage with your thirty

"My thirty sous!" she gayly responded, "why, I was much too rich; we
fared like princes, all five of us, and I have six sous left."

Then, in her turn, she gave an account of her day, her daily life, pure
as crystal. She recapitulated what she had done, what she had said; she
related how the children had behaved, and she entered into the minutest
details respecting them and the house. With her, moreover, one day was
like another; each morning she set herself to live the same life afresh,
with never-failing happiness.

"To-day, though, we had a visit," said she; "Madame Lepailleur, the woman
from the mill over yonder, came to tell me that she had some fine
chickens for sale. As we owe her twelve francs for eggs and milk, I
believe that she simply called to see if I meant to pay her. I told her
that I would go to her place to-morrow."

While speaking Marianne had pointed through the gloom towards a big black
pile, a little way down the Yeuse. It was an old water-mill which was
still worked, and the Lepailleurs had now been installed in it for three
generations. The last of them, Francois Lepailleur, who considered
himself to be no fool, had come back from his military service with
little inclination to work, and an idea that the mill would never enrich
him, any more than it had enriched his father and grandfather. It then
occurred to him to marry a peasant farmer's daughter, Victoire Cornu,
whose dowry consisted of some neighboring fields skirting the Yeuse. And
the young couple then lived fairly at their ease, on the produce of those
fields and such small quantities of corn as the peasants of the district
still brought to be ground at the old mill. If the antiquated and badly
repaired mechanism of the mill had been replaced by modern appliances,
and if the land, instead of being impoverished by adherence to
old-fashioned practices, had fallen into the hands of an intelligent man
who believed in progress, there would no doubt have been a fortune in it
all. But Lepailleur was not only disgusted with work, he treated the soil
with contempt. He indeed typified the peasant who has grown weary of his
eternal mistress, the mistress whom his forefathers loved too much.
Remembering that, in spite of all their efforts to fertilize the soil, it
had never made them rich or happy, he had ended by hating it. All his
faith in its powers had departed; he accused it of having lost its
fertility, of being used up and decrepit, like some old cow which one
sends to the slaughter-house. And, according to him, everything went
wrong: the soil simply devoured the seed sown in it, the weather was
never such as it should be, the seasons no longer came in their proper
order. Briefly, it was all a premeditated disaster brought about by some
evil power which had a spite against the peasantry, who were foolish to
give their sweat and their blood to such a thankless creature.

"Madame Lepailleur brought her boy with her, a little fellow three years
old, called Antonin," resumed Marianne, "and we fell to talking of
children together. She quite surprised me. Peasant folks, you know, used
to have such large families. But she declared that one child was quite
enough. Yet she's only twenty-four, and her husband not yet

These remarks revived the thoughts which had filled Mathieu's mind all
day. For a moment he remained silent. Then he said, "She gave you her
reasons, no doubt?"

"Give reasons--she, with her head like a horse's, her long freckled face,
pale eyes, and tight, miserly mouth--I think she's simply a fool, ever in
admiration before her husband because he fought in Africa and reads the
newspapers. All that I could get out of her was that children cost one a
good deal more than they bring in. But the husband, no doubt, has ideas
of his own. You have seen him, haven't you? A tall, slim fellow, as
carroty and as scraggy as his wife, with an angular face, green eyes, and
prominent cheekbones. He looks as though he had never felt in a good
humor in his life. And I understand that he is always complaining of his
father-in-law, because the other had three daughters and a son. Of course
that cut down his wife's dowry; she inherited only a part of her father's
property. And, besides, as the trade of a miller never enriched his
father, Lepailleur curses his mill from morning till night, and declares
that he won't prevent his boy Antonin from going to eat white bread in
Paris, if he can find a good berth there when he grows up."

Thus, even among the country folks, Mathieu found a small family the
rule. Among the causes were the fear of having to split up an
inheritance, the desire to rise in the social system, the disgust of
manual toil, and the thirst for the luxuries of town life. Since the soil
was becoming bankrupt, why indeed continue tilling it, when one knew that
one would never grow rich by doing so? Mathieu was on the point of
explaining these things to his wife, but he hesitated, and then simply
said: "Lepailleur does wrong to complain; he has two cows and a horse,
and when there is urgent work he can take an assistant. We, this morning,
had just thirty sous belonging to us, and we own no mill, no scrap of
land. For my part I think his mill superb; I envy him every time I cross
this bridge. Just fancy! we two being the millers--why, we should be very
rich and very happy!"

This made them both laugh, and for another moment they remained seated
there, watching the dark massive mill beside the Yeuse. Between the
willows and poplars on both banks the little river flowed on peacefully,
scarce murmuring as it coursed among the water plants which made it
ripple. Then, amid a clump of oaks, appeared the big shed sheltering the
wheel, and the other buildings garlanded with ivy, honeysuckle, and
creepers, the whole forming a spot of romantic prettiness. And at night,
especially when the mill slept, without a light at any of its windows,
there was nothing of more dreamy, more gentle charm.

"Why!" remarked Mathieu, lowering his voice, "there is somebody under the
willows, beside the water. I heard a slight noise."

"Yes, I know," replied Marianne with tender gayety. "It must be the young
couple who settled themselves in the little house yonder a fortnight ago.
You know whom I mean--Madame Angelin, that schoolmate of Constance's."

The Angelins, who had become their neighbors, interested the Froments.
The wife was of the same age as Marianne, tall, dark, with fine hair and
fine eyes, radiant with continual joy, and fond of pleasure. And the
husband was of the same age as Mathieu, a handsome fellow, very much in
love, with moustaches waving in the wind, and the joyous spirits of a
musketeer. They had married with sudden passion for one another, having
between them an income of some ten thousand francs a year, which the
husband, a fan painter with a pretty talent, might have doubled had it
not been for the spirit of amorous idleness into which his marriage had
thrown him. And that spring-time they had sought a refuge in that desert
of Janville, that they might love freely, passionately, in the midst of
nature. They were always to be met, holding each other by the waist, on
the secluded paths in the woods; and at night they loved to stroll across
the fields, beside the hedges, along the shady banks of the Yeuse,
delighted when they could linger till very late near the murmuring water,
in the thick shade of the willows.

But there was quite another side to their idyl, and Marianne mentioned it
to her husband. She had chatted with Madame Angelin, and it appeared that
the latter wished to enjoy life, at all events for the present, and did
not desire to be burdened with children. Then Mathieu's worrying thoughts
once more came back to him, and again at this fresh example he wondered
who was right--he who stood alone in his belief, or all the others.

"Well," he muttered at last, "we all live according to our fancy. But
come, my dear, let us go in; we disturb them."

They slowly climbed the narrow road leading to Chantebled, where the lamp
shone out like a beacon. When Mathieu had bolted the front door they
groped their way upstairs. The ground floor of their little house
comprised a dining-room and a drawing-room on the right hand of the hall,
and a kitchen and a store place on the left. Upstairs there were four
bedrooms. Their scanty furniture seemed quite lost in those big rooms;
but, exempt from vanity as they were, they merely laughed at this. By way
of luxury they had simply hung some little curtains of red stuff at the
windows, and the ruddy reflection from these hangings seemed to them to
impart wonderfully rich cheerfulness to their home.

They found Zoe, their peasant servant, asleep over her knitting beside
the lamp in their own bedroom, and they had to wake her and send her as
quietly as possible to bed. Then Mathieu took up the lamp and entered the
children's room to kiss them and make sure that they were comfortable. It
was seldom they awoke on these occasions. Having placed the lamp on the
mantelshelf, he still stood there looking at the three little beds when
Marianne joined him. In the bed against the wall at one end of the room
lay Blaise and Denis, the twins, sturdy little fellows six years of age;
while in the second bed against the opposite wall was Ambroise, now
nearly four and quite a little cherub. And the third bed, a cradle, was
occupied by Mademoiselle Rose, fifteen months of age and weaned for three
weeks past. She lay there half naked, showing her white flowerlike skin,
and her mother had to cover her up with the bedclothes, which she had
thrust aside with her self-willed little fists. Meantime the father
busied himself with Ambroise's pillow, which had slipped aside. Both
husband and wife came and went very gently, and bent again and again over
the children's faces to make sure that they were sleeping peacefully.
They kissed them and lingered yet a little longer, fancying that they had
heard Blaise and Denis stirring. At last the mother took up the lamp and
they went off, one after the other, on tiptoe.

When they were in their room again Marianne exclaimed: "I didn't want to
worry you while we were out, but Rose made me feel anxious to-day; I did
not find her well, and it was only this evening that I felt more at ease
about her." Then, seeing that Mathieu started and turned pale, she went
on: "Oh! it was nothing. I should not have gone out if I had felt the
least fear for her. But with those little folks one is never free from

She then began to make her preparations for the night; but Mathieu,
instead of imitating her, sat down at the table where the lamp stood, and
drew the money paid to him by Morange from his pocket. When he had
counted those three hundred francs, those fifteen louis, he said in a
bitter, jesting way, "The money hasn't grown on the road. Here it is; you
can pay our debts to-morrow."

This remark gave him a fresh idea. Taking his pencil he began to jot down
the various amounts they owed on a blank page of his pocket diary. "We
say twelve francs to the Lepailleurs for eggs and milk. How much do you
owe the butcher?" he asked.

"The butcher," replied Marianne, who had sat down to take off her shoes;
"well, say twenty francs."

"And the grocer and the baker?"

"I don't know exactly, but about thirty francs altogether. There is
nobody else."

Then Mathieu added up the items: "That makes sixty-two francs," said he.
"Take them away from three hundred, and we shall have two hundred and
thirty-eight left. Eight francs a day at the utmost. Well, we have a nice
month before us, with our four children to feed, particularly if little
Rose should fall ill."

The remark surprised his wife, who laughed gayly and confidently, saying:
"Why, what is the matter with you to-night, my dear? You seem to be
almost in despair, when as a rule you look forward to the morrow as full
of promise. You have often said that it was sufficient to love life if
one wished to live happily. As for me, you know, with you and the little
ones I feel the happiest, richest woman in the world!"

At this Mathieu could restrain himself no longer. He shook his head and
mournfully began to recapitulate the day he had just spent. At great
length he relieved his long-pent-up feelings. He spoke of their poverty
and the prosperity of others. He spoke of the Beauchenes, the Moranges,
the Seguins, the Lepailleurs, of all he had seen of them, of all they had
said, of all their scarcely disguised contempt for an improvident
starveling like himself. He, Mathieu, and she, Marianne, would never have
factory, nor mansion, nor mill, nor an income of twelve thousand francs a
year; and their increasing penury, as the others said, had been their own
work. They had certainly shown themselves imprudent, improvident. And he
went on with his recollections, telling Marianne that he feared nothing
for himself, but that he did not wish to condemn her and the little ones
to want and poverty. She was surprised at first, and by degrees became
colder, more constrained, as he told her all that he had upon his mind.
Tears slowly welled into her eyes; and at last, however lovingly he
spoke, she could no longer restrain herself, but burst into sobs. She did
not question what he said, she spoke no words of revolt, but it was
evident that her whole being rebelled, and that her heart was sorely

He started, greatly troubled when he saw her tears. Something akin to her
own feelings came upon him. He was terribly distressed, angry with
himself. "Do not weep, my darling!" he exclaimed as he pressed her to
him: "it was stupid, brutal, and wrong of me to speak to you in that way.
Don't distress yourself, I beg you; we'll think it all over and talk
about it some other time."

She ceased to weep, but she continued silent, clinging to him, with her
head resting on his shoulder. And Mathieu, by the side of that loving,
trustful woman, all health and rectitude and purity, felt more and more
confused, more and more ashamed of himself, ashamed of having given heed
to the base, sordid, calculating principles which others made the basis
of their lives. He thought with loathing of the sudden frenzy which had
possessed him during the evening in Paris. Some poison must have been
instilled into his veins; he could not recognize himself. But honor and
rectitude, clear-sightedness and trustfulness in life were fast
returning. Through the window, which had remained open, all the sounds of
the lovely spring night poured into the room. It was spring, the season
of love, and beneath the palpitating stars in the broad heavens, from
fields and forests and waters came the murmur of germinating life. And
never had Mathieu more fully realized that, whatever loss may result,
whatever difficulty may arise, whatever fate may be in store, all the
creative powers of the world, whether of the animal order, whether of the
order of the plants, for ever and ever wage life's great incessant battle
against death. Man alone, dissolute and diseased among all the other
denizens of the world, all the healthful forces of nature, seeks death
for death's sake, the annihilation of his species. Then Mathieu again
caught his wife in a close embrace, printing on her lips a long, ardent

"Ah! dear heart, forgive me; I doubted both of us. It would be impossible
for either of us to sleep unless you forgive me. Well, let the others
hold us in derision and contempt if they choose. Let us love and live as
nature tells us, for you are right: therein lies true wisdom and true


MATHIEU rose noiselessly from his little folding iron bedstead beside the
large one of mahogany, on which Marianne lay alone. He looked at her, and
saw that she was awake and smiling.

"What! you are not asleep?" said he. "I hardly dared to stir for fear of
waking you. It is nearly nine o'clock, you know."

It was Sunday morning. January had come round, and they were in Paris.
During the first fortnight in December the weather had proved frightful
at Chantebled, icy rains being followed by snow and terrible cold. This
rigorous temperature, coupled with the circumstance that Marianne was
again expecting to become a mother, had finally induced Mathieu to accept
Beauchene's amiable offer to place at his disposal the little pavilion in
the Rue de la Federation, where the founder of the works had lived before
building the superb house on the quay. An old foreman who had occupied
this pavilion, which still contained the simple furniture of former days,
had lately died. And the young folks, desiring to be near their friend,
worthy Dr. Boutan, had lived there for a month now, and did not intend to
return to Chantebled until the first fine days in April.

"Wait a moment," resumed Mathieu; "I will let the light in."

He thereupon drew back one of the curtains, and a broad ray of yellow,
wintry sunshine illumined the dim room. "Ah! there's the sun! And it's
splendid weather--and Sunday too! I shall be able to take you out for a
little while with the children this afternoon."

Then Marianne called him to her, and, when he had seated himself on the
bed, took hold of his hand and said gayly: "Well, I hadn't been sleeping
either for the last twenty minutes; and I didn't move because I wanted
you to lie in bed a little late, as it's Sunday. How amusing to think
that we were afraid of waking one another when we both had our eyes wide

"Oh!" said he, "I was so happy to think you were sleeping. My one delight
on Sundays now is to remain in this room all the morning, and spend the
whole day with you and the children." Then he uttered a cry of surprise
and remorse: "Why! I haven't kissed you yet."

She had raised herself on her pillows, and he gave her an eager clasp. In
the stream of bright sunshine which gilded the bed she herself looked
radiant with health and strength and hope. Never had her heavy brown
tresses flowed down more abundantly, never had her big eyes smiled with
gayer courage. And sturdy and healthful as she was, with her face all
kindliness and love, she looked like the very personification of
Fruitfulness, the good goddess with dazzling skin and perfect flesh, of
sovereign dignity.

They remained for a moment clasped together in the golden sunshine which
enveloped them with radiance. Then Mathieu pulled up Marianne's pillows,
set the counterpane in order, and forbade her to stir until he had tidied
the room. Forthwith he stripped his little bedstead, folded up the
sheets, the mattress, and the bedstead itself, over which he slipped a
cover. She vainly begged him not to trouble, saying that Zoe, the servant
whom they had brought from the country, could very well do all those
things. But he persisted, replying that the servant plagued him, and that
he preferred to be alone to attend her and do all that there was to do.
Then, as he suddenly began to shiver, he remarked that the room was cold,
and blamed himself for not having already lighted the fire. Some logs and
some small wood were piled in a corner, near the chimney-piece.

"How stupid of me!" he exclaimed; "here am I leaving you to freeze."

Then he knelt down before the fireplace, while she protested: "What an
idea! Leave all that, and call Zoe."

"No, no, she doesn't know how to light the fire properly, and besides, it
amuses me."

He laughed triumphantly when a bright clear fire began to crackle,
filling the room with additional cheerfulness. The place was now a little
paradise, said he; but he had scarcely finished washing and dressing when
the partition behind the bed was shaken by a vigorous thumping.

"Ah! the rascals," he gayly exclaimed. "They are awake, you see! Oh!
well, we may let them come, since to-day is Sunday."

For a few moments there had been a noise as of an aviary in commotion in
the adjoining room. Prattling, shrill chirping, and ringing bursts of
laughter could be heard. Then came a noise as of pillows and bolsters
flying about, while two little fists continued pummelling the partition
as if it were a drum.

"Yes, yes," said the mother, smiling and anxious, "answer them; tell them
to come. They will be breaking everything if you don't."

Thereupon the father himself struck the wall, at which a victorious
outburst, cries of triumphal delight, arose on the other side. And
Mathieu scarcely had time to open the door before tramping and scuffling
could be heard in the passage. A triumphal entry followed. All four of
them wore long nightdresses falling to their little bare feet, and they
trotted along and laughed, with their brown hair streaming about, their
faces quite pink, and their eyes radiant with candid delight. Ambroise,
though he was younger than his brothers, marched first, for he was the
boldest and most enterprising. Behind him came the twins, Blaise and
Denis, who were less turbulent--the latter especially. He taught the
others to read, while Blaise, who was rather shy and timid, remained the
dreamer of them all. And each gave a hand to little Mademoiselle Rose,
who looked like an angel, pulled now to the right and now to the left
amid bursts of laughter, while she contrived to keep herself steadily

"Ah! mamma," cried Ambroise, "it's dreadfully cold, you know; do make me
a little room."

Forthwith he bounded into the bed, slipped under the coverlet, and
nestled close to his mother, so that only his laughing face and fine
curly hair could be seen. But at this the two others raised a shout of
war, and rushed forward in their turn upon the besieged citadel.

"Make a little room for us, mamma, make a little room! By your back,
mamma! Near your shoulder, mamma!"

Only little Rose remained on the floor, feeling quite vexed and
indignant. She had vainly attempted the assault, but had fallen back.
"And me, mamma, and me," she pleaded.

It was necessary to help her in her endeavors to hoist herself up with
her little hands. Then her mother took her in her arms in order that she
might have the best place of all. Mathieu had at first felt somewhat
anxious at seeing Marianne thus disturbed, but she laughed and told him
not to trouble. And then the picture they all presented as they nestled
there was so charming, so full of gayety, that he also smiled.

"It's very nice, it's so warm," said Ambroise, who was fond of taking his

But Denis, the reasonable member of the band, began to explain why it was
they had made so much noise "Blaise said that he had seen a spider. And
then he felt frightened."

This accusation of cowardice vexed his brother, who replied: "It isn't
true. I did see a spider, but I threw my pillow at it to kill it."

"So did I! so did I!" stammered Rose, again laughing wildly. "I threw my
pillow like that--houp! houp!"

They all roared and wriggled again, so amusing did it seem to them. The
truth was that they had engaged in a pillow fight under pretence of
killing a spider, which Blaise alone said that he had seen. This
unsupported testimony left the matter rather doubtful. But the whole
brood looked so healthful and fresh in the bright sunshine that their
father could not resist taking them in his arms, and kissing them here
and there, wherever his lips lighted, a final game which sent them into
perfect rapture amid a fresh explosion of laughter and shouts.

"Oh! what fun! what fun!"

"All the same," Marianne exclaimed, as she succeeded in freeing herself
somewhat from the embraces of the children, "all the same, you know, I
want to get up. I mustn't idle, for it does me no good. And besides, you
little ones need to be washed and dressed."

They dressed in front of the big blazing fire; and it was nearly ten
o'clock when they at last went down into the dining-room, where the
earthenware stove was roaring, while the warm breakfast milk steamed upon
the table. The ground floor of the pavilion comprised a dining-room and a
drawing-room on the right of the hall, and a kitchen and a study on the
left. The dining-room, like the principal bedchamber, overlooked the Rue
de la Federation, and was filled every morning with cheerfulness by the
rising sun.

The children were already at table, with their noses in their cups, when
a ring at the street door was heard. And it was Dr. Boutan who came in.
His arrival brought a renewal of noisy mirth, for the youngsters were
fond of his round, good-natured face. He had attended them all at their
births, and treated them like an old friend, with whom familiarity is
allowable. And so they were already thrusting back their chairs to dart
towards the doctor, when a remark from their mother restrained them.

"Now, please just leave the doctor quiet," said she, adding gayly, "Good
morning, doctor. I'm much obliged to you for this bright sunshine, for
I'm sure you ordered it so that I might go for a walk this afternoon."

"Why, yes, of course I ordered it--I was passing this way, and thought I
would look in to see how you were getting on."

Boutan took a chair and seated himself near the table, while Mathieu
explained to him that they had remained late in bed.

"Yes, that is all right, let her rest: but she must also take as much
exercise as possible. However, there is no cause to worry. I see that she
has a good appetite. When I find my patients at table, I cease to be a
doctor, you know, I am simply a friend making a call."

Then he put a few questions, which the children, who were busy
breakfasting, did not hear. And afterwards there came a pause in the
conversation, which the doctor himself resumed, following, no doubt, some
train of thought which he did not explain: "I hear that you are to lunch
with the Seguins next Thursday," said he. "Ah! poor little woman! That is
a terrible affair of hers."

With a gesture he expressed his feelings concerning the drama that had
just upset the Seguins' household. Valentine, like Marianne, was to
become a mother. For her part she was in despair at it, and her husband
had given way to jealous fury. For a time, amid all their quarrels, they
had continued leading their usual life of pleasure, but she now spent her
days on a couch, while he neglected her and reverted to a bachelor's
life. It was a very painful story, but the doctor was in hopes that
Marianne, on the occasion of her visit to the Seguins, might bring some
good influence to bear on them.

He rose from his chair and was about to retire, when the attack which had
all along threatened him burst forth. The children, unsuspectedly rising
from their chairs, had concerted together with a glance, and now they
opened their campaign. The worthy doctor all at once found the twins upon
his shoulders, while the younger boy clasped him round the waist and the
little girl clung to his legs.

"Puff! puff! do the railway train, do the railway train, please do."

They pushed and shook him, amid peal after peal of flute-like laughter,
while their father and mother rushed to his assistance, scolding and
angry. But he calmed the parents by saying: "Let them be! they are simply
wishing me good day. And besides, I must bear with them, you know, since,
as our friend Beauchene says, it is a little bit my fault if they are in
the world. What charms me with your children is that they enjoy such good
health, just like their mother. For the present, at all events, one can
ask nothing more of them."

When he had set them down on the floor, and given each a smacking kiss,
he took hold of Marianne's hands and said to her that everything was
going on beautifully, and that he was very pleased. Then he went off,
escorted to the front door by Mathieu, the pair of them jesting and
laughing gayly.

Directly after the midday meal Mathieu wished to go out, in order that
Marianne might profit by the bright sunshine. The children had been
dressed in readiness before sitting down to table, and it was scarcely
more than one o'clock when the family turned the corner of the Rue de la
Federation and found itself upon the quays.

This portion of Grenelle, lying between the Champ de Mars and the densely
populated streets of the centre of the district, has an aspect all its
own, characterized by vast bare expanses, and long and almost deserted
streets running at right angles and fringed by factories with lofty,
interminable gray walls. During work-hours nobody passes along these
streets, and on raising one's head one sees only lofty chimneys belching
forth thick coal smoke above the roofs of big buildings with dusty window
panes. And if any large cart entrance happens to be open one may espy
deep yards crowded with drays and full of acrid vapor. The only sounds
are the strident puffs of jets of steam, the dull rumbling of machinery,
and the sudden rattle of ironwork lowered from the carts to the pavement.
But on Sundays the factories do not work, and the district then falls
into death-like silence. In summer time there is but bright sunshine
heating the pavement, in winter some icy snow-laden wind rushing down the
lonely streets. The population of Grenelle is said to be the worst of
Paris, both the most vicious and the most wretched. The neighborhood of
the Ecole Militaire attracts thither a swarm of worthless women, who
bring in their train all the scum of the populace. In contrast to all
this the gay bourgeois district of Passy rises up across the Seine; while
the rich aristocratic quarters of the Invalides and the Faubourg St.
Germain spread out close by. Thus the Beauchene works on the quay, as
their owner laughingly said, turned their back upon misery and looked
towards all the prosperity and gayety of this world.

Mathieu was very partial to the avenues, planted with fine trees, which
radiate from the Champ de Mars and the Esplanade des Invalides, supplying
great gaps for air and sunlight. But he was particularly fond of that
long diversified Quai d'Orsay, which starts from the Rue du Bac in the
very centre of the city, passes before the Palais Bourbon, crosses first
the Esplanade des Invalides, and then the Champ de Mars, to end at the
Boulevard de Grenelle, in the black factory region. How majestically it
spread out, what fine old leafy trees there were round that bend of the
Seine from the State Tobacco Works to the garden of the Eiffel Tower! The
river winds along with sovereign gracefulness; the avenue stretches out
under superb foliage. You can really saunter there amid delicious
quietude, instinct as it were with all the charm and power of Paris.

It was thither that Mathieu wished to take his wife and the little ones
that Sunday. But the distance was considerable, and some anxiety was felt
respecting Rose's little legs. She was intrusted to Ambroise, who,
although the youngest of the boys, was already energetic and determined.
These two opened the march; then came Blaise and Denis, the twins, the
parents bringing up the rear. Everything at first went remarkably well:
they strolled on slowly in the gay sunshine. That beautiful winter
afternoon was exquisitely pure and clear, and though it was very cold in
the shade, all seemed golden and velvety in the stretches of bright
light. There were a great many people out of doors--all the idle folks,
clad in their Sunday best, whom the faintest sunshine draws in crowds to
the promenades of Paris. Little Rose, feeling warm and gay, drew herself
up as if to show the people that she was a big girl. She crossed the
whole extent of the Champ de Mars without asking to be carried. And her
three brothers strode along making the frozen pavement resound beneath
their steps. Promenaders were ever turning round to watch them. In other
cities of Europe the sight of a young married couple preceded by four
children would have excited no comment, but here in Paris the spectacle
was so unusual that remarks of astonishment, sarcasm, and even compassion
were exchanged. Mathieu and Marianne divined, even if they did not
actually hear, these comments, but they cared nothing for them. They
bravely went their way, smiling at one another, and feeling convinced
that the course they had taken in life was the right one, whatever other
folks might think or say.

It was three o'clock when they turned their steps homeward; and Marianne,
feeling rather tired, then took a little rest on a sofa in the
drawing-room, where Zoe had previously lighted a good fire. The children,
quieted by fatigue, were sitting round a little table, listening to a
tale which Denis read from a story-book, when a visitor was announced.
This proved to be Constance, who, after driving out with Maurice, had
thought of calling to inquire after Marianne, whom she saw only once or
twice a week, although the little pavilion was merely separated by a
garden from the large house on the quay.

"Oh! are you poorly, my dear?" she inquired as she entered the room and
perceived Marianne on the sofa.

"Oh! dear, no," replied the other, "but I have been out walking for the
last two hours and am now taking some rest."

Mathieu had brought an armchair forward for his wife's rich, vain cousin,
who, whatever her real feelings, certainly strove to appear amiable. She
apologized for not being able to call more frequently, and explained what
a number of duties she had to discharge as mistress of her home. Meantime
Maurice, clad in black velvet, hung round her petticoats, gazing from a
distance at the other children, who one and all returned his scrutiny.

"Well, Maurice," exclaimed his mother, "don't you wish your little
cousins good-day?"

He had to do as he was bidden and step towards them. But all five
remained embarrassed. They seldom met, and had as yet had no opportunity
to quarrel. The four little savages of Chantebled felt indeed almost out
of their element in the presence of this young Parisian with bourgeois

"And are all your little folks quite well?" resumed Constance, who, with
her sharp eyes, was comparing her son with the other lads. "Ambroise has
grown; his elder brothers also look very strong."

Her examination did not apparently result to Maurice's advantage. The
latter was tall and looked sturdy, but he had quite a waxen complexion.
Nevertheless, the glance that Constance gave the others was full of
irony, disdain, and condemnation. When she had first heard that Marianne
was likely to become a mother once more she had made no secret of her
disapproval. She held to her old opinions more vigorously than ever.

Marianne, knowing full well that they would fall out if they discussed
the subject of children, sought another topic of conversation. She
inquired after Beauchene. "And Alexandre," said she, "why did you not
bring him with you? I haven't seen him for a week!"

"Why," broke in Mathieu, "I told you he had gone shooting yesterday
evening. He slept, no doubt, at Puymoreau, the other side of Chantebled,
so as to be in the woods at daybreak this morning, and he probably won't
be home till to-morrow."

"Ah! yes, I remember now. Well, it's nice weather to be in the woods."

This, however, was another perilous subject, and Marianne regretted
having broached it, for, truth to tell, one never knew where Beauchene
might really be when he claimed to have gone shooting. He availed himself
so often of this pretext to absent himself from home that Constance was
doubtless aware of the truth. But in the presence of that household,
whose union was so perfect, she was determined to show a brave front.

"Well, you know," said she, "it is I who compel him to go about and take
as much exercise as possible. He has a temperament that needs the open
air. Shooting is very good for him."

At this same moment there came another ring at the door, announcing
another visitor. And this time it was Madame Morange who entered the
room, with her daughter Reine. She colored when she caught sight of
Madame Beauchene, so keenly was she impressed by that perfect model of
wealth and distinction, whom she ever strove to imitate. Constance,
however, profited by the diversion of Valerie's arrival to declare that
she unfortunately could not remain any longer, as a friend must now be
waiting for her at home.

"Well, at all events, leave us Maurice," suggested Mathieu. "Here's Reine
here now, and all six children can play a little while together. I will
bring you the boy by and by, when he has had a little snack."

But Maurice had already once more sought refuge among his mother's
skirts. And she refused the invitation. "Oh! no, no!" said she. "He has
to keep to a certain diet, you know, and he must not eat anything away
from home. Good-by; I must be off. I called only to inquire after you all
in passing. Keep well; good-by."

Then she led her boy away, never speaking to Valerie, but simply shaking
hands with her in a familiar, protecting fashion, which the other
considered to be extremely distinguished. Reine, on her side, had smiled
at Maurice, whom she already slightly knew. She looked delightful that
day in her gown of thick blue cloth, her face smiling under her heavy
black tresses, and showing such a likeness to her mother that she seemed
to be the latter's younger sister.

Marianne, quite charmed, called the girl to her: "Come and kiss me, my
dear! Oh! what a pretty young lady! Why, she is getting quite beautiful
and tall. How old is she?"

"Nearly thirteen," Valerie replied.

She had seated herself in the armchair vacated by Constance, and Mathieu
noticed what a keen expression of anxiety there was in her soft eyes.
After mentioning that she also had called in passing to make inquiries,
and declaring that both mother and children looked remarkably well, she
relapsed into gloomy silence, scarcely listening to Marianne, who thanked
her for having come. Thereupon it occurred to Mathieu to leave her with
his wife. To him it seemed that she must have something on her mind, and
perhaps she wished to make a confidante of Marianne.

"My dear Reine," said he, "come with these little ones into the
dining-room. We will see what afternoon snack there is, and lay the

This proposal was greeted with shouts of delight, and all the children
trooped into the dining-room with Mathieu. A quarter of an hour later,
when everything was ready there, and Valerie came in, the latter's eyes
looked very red, as if she had been weeping. And that evening, when
Mathieu was alone with his wife, he learnt what the trouble was.
Morange's scheme of leaving the Beauchene works and entering the service
of the Credit National, where he would speedily rise to a high and
lucrative position, his hope too of giving Reine a big dowry and marrying
her off to advantage--all the ambitious dreams of rank and wealth in
which his wife and he had indulged, now showed no likelihood of
fulfilment, since it seemed probable that Valerie might again have a
child. Both she and her husband were in despair over it, and though
Marianne had done her utmost to pacify her friend and reconcile her to
circumstances, there were reasons to fear that in her distracted
condition she might do something desperate.

Four days later, when the Froments lunched with the Seguins du Hordel at
the luxurious mansion in the Avenue d'Antin, they came upon similar
trouble there. Seguin, who was positively enraged, did not scruple to
accuse his wife of infidelity, and, on his side, he took to quite a
bachelor life. He had been a gambler in his younger days, and had never
fully cured himself of that passion, which now broke out afresh, like a
fire which has only slumbered for a time. He spent night after night at
his club, playing at baccarat, and could be met in the betting ring at
every race meeting. Then, too, he glided into equivocal society and
appeared at home only at intervals to vent his irritation and spite and
jealousy upon his ailing wife.

She, poor woman, was absolutely guiltless of the charges preferred
against her. But knowing her husband, and unwilling for her own part to
give up her life of pleasure, she had practised concealment as long as
possible. And now she was really very ill, haunted too by an unreasoning,
irremovable fear that it would all end in her death. Mathieu, who had
seen her but a few months previously looking so fair and fresh, was
amazed to find her such a wreck. And on her side Valentine gazed, all
astonishment, at Marianne, noticing with surprise how calm and strong the
young woman seemed, and how limpid her clear and smiling eyes remained.

On the day of the Froments' visit Seguin had gone out early in the
morning, and when they arrived he had not yet returned. Thus the lunch
was for a short time kept waiting, and during the interval Celeste, the
maid, entered the room where the visitors sat near her mistress, who was
stretched upon a sofa, looking a perfect picture of distress. Valentine
turned a questioning glance on the servant, who forthwith replied:

"No, madame, Monsieur has not come back yet. But that woman of my village
is here. You know, madame, the woman I spoke to you about, Sophie
Couteau, La Couteau as we call her at Rougemont, who brings nurses to

"Well, what of it?" exclaimed Valentine, on the point of ordering Celeste
to leave the room, for it seemed to her quite outrageous to be disturbed
in this manner.

"Well, madame, she's here; and as I told you before, if you would intrust
her with the matter now she would find a very good wet nurse for you in
the country, and bring her here whenever she's wanted."

La Couteau had been standing behind the door, which had remained ajar,
and scarcely had Celeste finished than, without waiting for an
invitation, she boldly entered the room. She was a quick little wizened
woman, with certain peasant ways, but considerably polished by her
frequent journeys to Paris. So far as her small keen eyes and pointed
nose went her long face was not unpleasant, but its expression of good
nature was marred by her hard mouth, her thin lips, suggestive of
artfulness and cupidity. Her gown of dark woollen stuff, her black cape,
black mittens, and black cap with yellow ribbons, gave her the appearance
of a respectable countrywoman going to mass in her Sunday best.

"Have you been a nurse?" Valentine inquired, as she scrutinized her.

"Yes, madame," replied La Couteau, "but that was ten years ago, when I
was only twenty. It seemed to me that I wasn't likely to make much money
by remaining a nurse, and so I preferred to set up as an agent to bring
others to Paris."

As she spoke she smiled, like an intelligent woman who feels that those
who give their services as wet nurses to bourgeois families are simply
fools and dupes. However, she feared that she might have said too much on
the point, and so she added: "But one does what one can, eh, madame? The
doctor told me that I should never do for a nurse again, and so I thought
that I might perhaps help the poor little dears in another manner."

"And you bring wet nurses to the Paris offices?"

"Yes, madame, twice a month. I supply several offices, but more
particularly Madame Broquette's office in the Rue Roquepine. It's a very
respectable place, where one runs no risk of being deceived--And so, if
you like, madame, I will choose the very best I can find for you--the
pick of the bunch, so to say. I know the business thoroughly, and you can
rely on me."

As her mistress did not immediately reply, Celeste ventured to intervene,
and began by explaining how it happened that La Couteau had called that

"When she goes back into the country, madame, she almost always takes a
baby with her, sometimes a nurse's child, and sometimes the child of
people who are not well enough off to keep a nurse in the house. And she
takes these children to some of the rearers in the country. She just now
came to see me before going round to my friend Madame Menoux, whose baby
she is to take away with her."

Valentine became interested. This Madame Menoux was a haberdasher in the
neighborhood and a great friend of Celeste's. She had married a former
soldier, a tall handsome fellow, who now earned a hundred and fifty
francs a month as an attendant at a museum. She was very fond of him, and
had bravely set up a little shop, the profits from which doubled their
income, in such wise that they lived very happily and almost at their
ease. Celeste, who frequently absented herself from her duties to spend
hours gossiping in Madame Menoux's little shop, was forever being scolded
for this practice; but in the present instance Valentine, full of anxiety
and curiosity, did not chide her. The maid was quite proud at being
questioned, and informed her mistress that Madame Menoux's baby was a
fine little boy, and that the mother had been attended by a certain
Madame Rouche, who lived at the lower end of the Rue du Rocher.

"It was I who recommended her," continued the servant, "for a friend of
mine whom she had attended had spoken to me very highly of her. No doubt
she has not such a good position as Madame Bourdieu, who has so handsome
a place in the Rue de Miromesnil, but she is less expensive, and so very
kind and obliging."

Then Celeste suddenly ceased speaking, for she noticed that Mathieu's
eyes were fixed upon her, and this, for reasons best known to herself,
made her feel uncomfortable. He on his side certainly placed no
confidence in this big dark girl with a head like that of a horse, who,
it seemed to him, knew far too much.

Marianne joined in the conversation. "But why," asked she, "why does not
this Madame Menoux, whom you speak about, keep her baby with her?"

Thereupon La Couteau turned a dark harsh glance upon this lady visitor,
who, whatever course she might take herself, had certainly no right to
prevent others from doing business.

"Oh! it's impossible," exclaimed Celeste, well pleased with the
diversion. "Madame Menoux's shop is no bigger than my pocket-
handkerchief, and at the back of it there is only one little room where
she and her husband take their meals and sleep. And that room, too,
overlooks a tiny courtyard where one can neither see nor breathe. The
baby would not live a week in such a place. And, besides, Madame Menoux
would not have time to attend to the child. She has never had a servant,
and what with waiting on customers and having to cook meals in time for
her husband's return from the museum, she never has a moment to spare.
Oh! if she could, she would be very happy to keep the little fellow with

"It is true," said Marianne sadly; "there are some poor mothers whom I
pity with all my heart. This person you speak of is not in poverty, and
yet is reduced to this cruel separation. For my part, I should not be
able to exist if a child of mine were taken away from me to some unknown
spot and given to another woman."

La Couteau doubtless interpreted this as an attack upon herself. Assuming
the kindly demeanor of one who dotes on children, the air which she
always put on to prevail over hesitating mothers, she replied: "Oh,
Rougemont is such a very pretty place. And then it's not far from Bayeux,
so that folks are by no means savages there. The air is so pure, too,
that people come there to recruit their health. And, besides, the little
ones who are confided to us are well cared for, I assure you. One would
have to be heartless to do otherwise than love such little angels."

However, like Celeste, she relapsed into silence on seeing how
significantly Mathieu was looking at her. Perhaps, in spite of her rustic
ways, she understood that there was a false ring in her voice. Besides,
of what use was her usual patter about the salubrity of the region, since
that lady, Madame Seguin, wished to have a nurse at her house? So she
resumed: "Then it's understood, madame, I will bring you the best we
have, a real treasure."

Valentine, now a little tranquillized as to her fears for herself, found
strength to speak out. "No, no, I won't pledge myself in advance. I will
send to see the nurses you bring to the office, and we shall see if there
is one to suit me."

Then, without occupying herself further about the woman, she turned to
Marianne, and asked: "Shall you nurse your baby yourself?"

"Certainly, as I did with the others. We have very decided opinions on
that point, my husband and I."

"No doubt. I understand you: I should much like to do the same myself;
but it is impossible."

La Couteau had remained there motionless, vexed at having come on a
fruitless errand, and regretting the loss of the present which she would
have earned by her obligingness in providing a nurse. She put all her
spite into a glance which she shot at Marianne, who, thought she, was
evidently some poor creature unable even to afford a nurse. However, at a
sign which Celeste made her, she courtesied humbly and withdrew in the
company of the maid.

A few minutes afterwards, Seguin arrived, and, repairing to the
dining-room, they all sat down to lunch there. It was a very luxurious
meal, comprising eggs, red mullet, game, and crawfish, with red and white
Bordeaux wines and iced champagne. Such diet for Valentine and Marianne
would never have met with Dr. Boutan's approval; but Seguin declared the
doctor to be an unbearable individual whom nobody could ever please.

He, Seguin, while showing all politeness to his guests, seemed that day
to be in an execrable temper. Again and again he levelled annoying and
even galling remarks at his wife, carrying things to such a point at
times that tears came to the unfortunate woman's eyes. Now that he
scarcely set foot in the house he complained that everything was going
wrong there. If he spent his time elsewhere it was, according to him,
entirely his wife's fault. The place was becoming a perfect hell upon
earth. And in everything, the slightest incident, the most common-place
remark, he found an opportunity for jeers and gibes. These made Mathieu
and Marianne extremely uncomfortable; but at last he let fall such a
harsh expression that Valentine indignantly rebelled, and he had to
apologize. At heart he feared her, especially when the blood of the
Vaugelades arose within her, and she gave him to understand, in her
haughty disdainful way, that she would some day revenge herself on him
for his treatment.

However, seeking another outlet for his spite and rancor, he at last
turned to Mathieu, and spoke of Chantebled, saying bitterly that the game
in the covers there was fast becoming scarcer and scarcer, in such wise
that he now had difficulty in selling his shooting shares, so that his
income from the property was dwindling every year. He made no secret of
the fact that he would much like to sell the estate, but where could he
possibly find a purchaser for those unproductive woods, those sterile
plains, those marshes and those tracts of gravel?

Mathieu listened to all this attentively, for during his long walks in
the summer he had begun to take an interest in the estate. "Are you
really of opinion that it cannot be cultivated?" he asked. "It's pitiful
to see all that land lying waste and idle."

"Cultivate it!" cried Seguin. "Ah! I should like to see such a miracle!
The only crops that one will ever raise on it are stones and frogs."

They had by this time eaten their dessert, and before rising from table
Marianne was telling Valentine that she would much like to see and kiss
her children, who had not been allowed to lunch with their elders on
account of their supposed unruly ways, when a couple of visitors arrived
in turn, and everything else was forgotten. One was Santerre the
novelist, who of late had seldom called on the Seguins, and the other,
much to Mathieu's dislike, proved to be Beauchene's sister, Seraphine,
the Baroness de Lowicz. She looked at the young man in a bold, provoking,
significant manner, and then, like Santerre, cast a sly glance of mocking
contempt at Marianne and Valentine. She and the novelist between them
soon turned the conversation on to subjects that appealed to their
vicious tastes. And Santerre related that he had lately seen Doctor Gaude
perform several operations at the Marbeuf Hospital. He had found there
the usual set of society men who attend first performances at the
theatres, and indeed there were also some women present.

And then he enlarged upon the subject, giving the crudest and most
precise particulars, much to the delight of Seguin, who every now and
again interpolated remarks of approval, while both Mathieu and Marianne
grew more and more ill at ease. The young woman sat looking with
amazement at Santerre as he calmly recapitulated horror after horror, to
the evident enjoyment of the others. She remembered having read his last
book, that love story which had seemed to her so supremely absurd, with
its theories of the annihilation of the human species. And she at last
glanced at Mathieu to tell him how weary she felt of all the semi-society
and semi-medical chatter around her, and how much she would like to go
off home, leaning on his arm, and walking slowly along the sunlit quays.
He, for his part, felt a pang at seeing so much insanity rife amid those
wealthy surroundings. He made his wife a sign that it was indeed time to
take leave.

"What! are you going already!" Valentine then exclaimed. "Well, I dare
not detain you if you feel tired." However, when Marianne begged her to
kiss the children for her, she added: "Why, yes, it's true you have not
seen them. Wait a moment, pray; I want you to kiss them yourself."

But when Celeste appeared in answer to the bell, she announced that
Monsieur Gaston and Mademoiselle Lucie had gone out with their governess.
And this made Seguin explode once more. All his rancor against his wife
revived. The house was going to rack and ruin. She spent her days lying
on a sofa. Since when had the governess taken leave to go out with the
children without saying anything? One could not even see the children now
in order to kiss them. It was a nice state of things. They were left to
the servants; in fact, it was the servants now who controlled the house.

Thereupon Valentine began to cry.

"_Mon Dieu_!" said Marianne to her husband, when she found herself out of
doors, able to breathe, and happy once more now that she was leaning on
his arm; "why, they are quite mad, the people in that house."

"Yes," Mathieu responded, "they are mad, no doubt; but we must pity them,
for they know not what happiness is."


ABOUT nine o'clock one fine cold morning, a few days afterwards, as
Mathieu, bound for his office, a little late through having lingered near
his wife, was striding hastily across the garden which separated the
pavilion from the factory yard, he met Constance and Maurice, who, clad
in furs, were going out for a walk in the sharp air. Beauchene, who was
accompanying them as far as the gate, bareheaded and ever sturdy and
victorious, gayly exclaimed to his wife:

"Give the youngster a good spin on his legs! Let him take in all the
fresh air he can. There's nothing like that and good food to make a man."

Mathieu, on hearing this, stopped short. "Has Maurice been poorly again?"
he inquired.

"Oh, no!" hastily replied the boy's mother, with an appearance of great
gayety, assumed perhaps from an unconscious desire to hide certain covert
fears. "Only the doctor wants him to take exercise, and it is so fine
this morning that we are going off on quite an expedition."

"Don't go along the quays," said Beauchene again. "Go up towards the
Invalides. He'll have much stiffer marching to do when he's a soldier."

Then, the mother and the child having taken themselves off, he went back
into the works with Mathieu, adding in his triumphant way: "That
youngster, you know, is as strong as an oak. But women are always so
nervous. For my part, I'm quite easy in mind about him, as you can see."
And with a laugh he concluded: "When one has but one son, he keeps him."

That same day, about an hour later, a terrible dispute which broke out
between old Moineaud's daughters, Norine and Euphrasie, threw the factory
into a state of commotion. Norine's intrigue with Beauchene had ended in
the usual way. He had soon tired of the girl and betaken himself to some
other passing fancy, leaving her to her tears, her shame, and all the
consequences of her fault; for although it had hitherto been possible for
her to conceal her condition from her parents, she was unable to deceive
her sister, who was her constant companion. The two girls were always
bickering, and Norine had for some time lived in dread of scandal and
exposure. And that day the trouble came to a climax, beginning with a
trivial dispute about a bit of glass-paper in the workroom, then
developing into a furious exchange of coarse, insulting language, and
culminating in a frantic outburst from Euphrasie, who shrieked to the
assembled work-girls all that she knew about her sister.

There was an outrageous scene: the sisters fought, clawing and scratching
one another desperately, and could not be separated until Beauchene,
Mathieu, and Morange, attracted by the extraordinary uproar, rushed into
the workroom and restored a little order. Fortunately for Beauchene,
Euphrasie did not know the whole truth, and Norine, after giving her
employer a humble, supplicating glance, kept silence; but old Moineaud
was present, and the public revelation of his daughter's shame sent him
into a fury. He ordered Norine out of the works forthwith, and threatened
to throw her out of window should he find her at home when he returned
there in the evening. And Beauchene, both annoyed at the scandal and
ashamed at being the primary cause of it, did not venture to interfere.
It was only after the unhappy Norine had rushed off sobbing that he found
strength of mind to attempt to pacify the father, and assert his
authority in the workroom by threatening to dismiss one and all of the
girls if the slightest scandal, the slightest noise, should ever occur
there again.

Mathieu was deeply pained by the scene, but kept his own counsel. What
most astonished him was the promptness with which Beauchene regained his
self-possession as soon as Norine had fled, and the majesty with which he
withdrew to his office after threatening the others and restoring order.
Another whom the scene had painfully affected was Morange, whom Mathieu,
to his surprise, found ghastly pale, with trembling hands, as if indeed
he had had some share of responsibility in this unhappy business. But
Morange, as he confided to Mathieu, was distressed for other reasons. The
scene in the workroom, the revelation of Norine's condition, the fate
awaiting the girl driven away into the bleak, icy streets, had revived
all his own poignant worries with respect to Valerie. Mathieu had already
heard of the latter's trouble from his wife, and he speedily grasped the
accountant's meaning. It vaguely seemed to him also that Morange was
yielding to the same unreasoning despair as Valerie, and was almost
willing that she should take the desperate course which she had hinted to
Marianne. But it was a very serious matter, and Mathieu did not wish to
be in any way mixed up in it. Having tried his best to pacify the
cashier, he sought forgetfulness of these painful incidents in his work.

That afternoon, however, a little girl, Cecile Moineaud, the old fitter's
youngest daughter, slipped into his office, with a message from her
mother, beseeching him to speak with her. He readily understood that the
woman wished to see him respecting Norine, and in his usual compassionate
way he consented to go. The interview took place in one of the adjacent
streets, down which the cold winter wind was blowing. La Moineaude was
there with Norine and another little girl of hers, Irma, a child eight
years of age. Both Norine and her mother wept abundantly while begging
Mathieu to help them. He alone knew the whole truth, and was in a
position to approach Beauchene on the subject. La Moineaude was firmly
determined to say nothing to her husband. She trembled for his future and
that of her son Alfred, who was now employed at the works; for there was
no telling what might happen if Beauchene's name should be mentioned.
Life was indeed hard enough already, and what would become of them all
should the family bread-winners be turned away from the factory? Norine
certainly had no legal claim on Beauchene, the law being peremptory on
that point; but, now that she had lost her employment, and was driven
from home by her father, could he leave her to die of want in the
streets? The girl tried to enforce her moral claim by asserting that she
had always been virtuous before meeting Beauchene. In any case, her lot
remained a very hard one. That Beauchene was the father of her child
there could be no doubt; and at last Mathieu, without promising success,
told the mother that he would do all he could in the matter.

He kept his word that same afternoon, and after a great deal of
difficulty he succeeded. At first Beauchene fumed, stormed, denied,
equivocated, almost blamed Mathieu for interfering, talked too of
blackmail, and put on all sorts of high and mighty airs. But at heart the
matter greatly worried him. What if Norine or her mother should go to his
wife? Constance might close her eyes as long as she simply suspected
things, but if complaints were formally, openly made to her, there would
be a terrible scandal. On the other hand, however, should he do anything
for the girl, it would become known, and everybody would regard him as
responsible. And then there would be no end to what he called the

However, when Beauchene reached this stage Mathieu felt that the battle
was gained. He smiled and answered: "Of course, one can never tell--the
girl is certainly not malicious. But when women are driven beyond
endurance, they become capable of the worst follies. I must say that she
made no demands of me; she did not even explain what she wanted; she
simply said that she could not remain in the streets in this bleak
weather, since her father had turned her away from home. If you want my
opinion, it is this: I think that one might at once put her to board at a
proper place. Let us say that four or five months will elapse before she
is able to work again; that would mean a round sum of five hundred francs
in expenses. At that cost she might be properly looked after."

Beauchene walked nervously up and down, and then replied: "Well, I
haven't a bad heart, as you know. Five hundred francs more or less will
not inconvenience me. If I flew into a temper just now it was because the
mere idea of being robbed and imposed upon puts me beside myself. But if
it's a question of charity, why, then, do as you suggest. It must be
understood, however, that I won't mix myself up in anything; I wish even
to remain ignorant of what you do. Choose a nurse, place the girl where
you please, and I will simply pay the bill. Neither more nor less."

Then he heaved a sigh of relief at the prospect of being extricated from
this equivocal position, the worry of which he refused to acknowledge.
And once more he put on the mien of a superior, victorious man, one who
is certain that he will win all the battles of life. In fact, he even
jested about the girl, and at last went off repeating his instructions:
"See that my conditions are fully understood. I don't want to know
anything about any child. Do whatever you please, but never let me hear
another word of the matter."

That day was certainly one fertile in incidents, for in the evening there
was quite an alarm at the Beauchenes. At the moment when they were about
to sit down to dinner little Maurice fainted away and fell upon the
floor. Nearly a quarter of an hour elapsed before the child could be
revived, and meantime the distracted parents quarrelled and shouted,
accusing one another of having compelled the lad to go out walking that
morning in such cold, frosty weather. It was evidently that foolish
outing which had chilled him. At least, this was what they said to one
another by way of quieting their anxiety. Constance, while she held her
boy in her arms, pictured him as dead. It occurred to her for the first
time that she might possibly lose him. At this idea she experienced a
terrible heart-pang, and a feeling of motherliness came upon her, so
acute that it was like a revelation. The ambitious woman that was in her,
she who dreamt of royalty for that only son, the future princely owner of
the ever-growing family fortune, likewise suffered horribly. If she was
to lose that son she would have no child left. Why had she none other?
Was it not she who had willed it thus? At this thought a feeling of
desperate regret shot through her like a red-hot blade, burning her
cruelly to the very depths of her being. Maurice, however, at last
recovered consciousness, and even sat down to the table and ate with a
fair appetite. Then Beauchene immediately shrugged his shoulders, and
began to jest about the unreasoning fears of women. And as time went by
Constance herself ceased to think of the incident.

On the morrow, when Mathieu had to attend to the delicate mission which
he had undertaken, he remembered the two women of whom Celeste, the maid,
had spoken on the day of his visit to the Seguins. He at first dismissed
all idea of that Madame Rouche, of whom the girl had spoken so strangely,
but he thought of making some inquiries respecting Madame Bourdieu, who
accommodated boarders at the little house where she resided in the Rue de
Miromesnil. And he seemed to remember that this woman had attended Madame
Morange at the time of Reine's birth, a circumstance which induced him to
question the cashier.

At the very first words the latter seemed greatly disturbed. "Yes, a lady
friend recommended Madame Bourdieu to my wife," said he; "but why do you
ask me?"

And as he spoke he looked at Mathieu with an expression of anguish, as if
that sudden mention of Madame Bourdieu's name signified that the young
fellow had guessed his secret preoccupations. It was as though he had
been abruptly surprised in wrong-doing. Perhaps, too, certain dim,
haunting thoughts, which he had long been painfully revolving in his
mind, without as yet being able to come to a decision, took shape at that
moment. At all events, he turned pale and his lips trembled.

Then, as Mathieu gave him to understand that it was a question of placing
Norine somewhere, he involuntarily let an avowal escape him.

"My wife was speaking to me of Madame Bourdieu only this morning," he
began. "Oh! I don't know how it happened, but, as you are aware, Reine
was born so many years ago that I can't give you any precise information.
It seems that the woman has done well, and is now at the head of a
first-class establishment. Inquire there yourself; I have no doubt you
will find what you want there."

Mathieu followed this advice; but at the same time, as he had been warned
that Madame Bourdieu's terms were rather high, he stifled his prejudices
and began by repairing to the Rue du Rocher in order to reconnoitre
Madame Rouche's establishment and make some inquiries of her. The mere
aspect of the place chilled him. It was one of the black houses of old
Paris, with a dark, evil-smelling passage, leading into a small yard
which the nurse's few squalid rooms overlooked. Above the passage
entrance was a yellow signboard which simply bore the name of Madame
Rouche in big letters. She herself proved to be a person of five- or
six-and-thirty, gowned in black and spare of figure, with a leaden
complexion, scanty hair of no precise color, and a big nose of unusual
prominence. With her low, drawling speech, her prudent, cat-like
gestures, and her sour smile, he divined her to be a dangerous,
unscrupulous woman. She told him that, as the accommodation at her
disposal was so small, she only took boarders for a limited time, and
this of course enabled him to curtail his inquiries. Glad to have done
with her, he hurried off, oppressed by nausea and vaguely frightened by
what he had seen of the place.

On the other hand, Madame Bourdieu's establishment, a little
three-storied house in the Rue de Miromesnil, between the Rue La Boetie
and the Rue de Penthievre, offered an engaging aspect, with its bright
facade and muslin-curtained windows. And Madame Bourdieu, then
two-and-thirty, rather short and stout, had a broad, pleasant white face,
which had greatly helped her on the road to success. She expatiated to
Mathieu on the preliminary training that was required by one of her
profession, the cost of it, the efforts needed to make a position, the
responsibilities, the inspections, the worries of all sorts that she had
to face; and she plainly told the young man that her charge for a boarder
would be two hundred francs a month. This was far more than he was
empowered to give; however, after some further conversation, when Madame
Bourdieu learnt that it was a question of four months' board, she became
more accommodating, and agreed to accept a round sum of six hundred
francs for the entire period, provided that the person for whom Mathieu
was acting would consent to occupy a three-bedded room with two other

Altogether there were about a dozen boarders' rooms in the house, some of
these having three, and even four, beds; while others, the terms for
which were naturally higher, contained but one. Madame Bourdieu could
accommodate as many as thirty boarders, and as a rule, she had some
five-and-twenty staying on her premises. Provided they complied with the
regulations, no questions were asked them. They were not required to say
who they were or whence they came, and in most cases they were merely
known by some Christian name which they chose to give.

Mathieu ended by agreeing to Madame Bourdieu's terms, and that same
evening Norine was taken to her establishment. Some little trouble ensued
with Beauchene, who protested when he learnt that five hundred francs
would not suffice to defray the expenses. However, Mathieu managed
affairs so diplomatically that at last the other not only became
reconciled to the terms, but provided the money to purchase a little
linen, and even agreed to supply pocket-money to the extent of ten francs
a month. Thus, five days after Norine had entered Madame Bourdieu's
establishment, Mathieu decided to return thither to hand the girl her
first ten francs and tell her that he had settled everything.

He found her there in the boarders' refectory with some of her companions
in the house--a tall, thin, severe-looking Englishwoman, with lifeless
eyes and bloodless lips, who called herself Amy, and a pale red-haired
girl with a tip-tilted nose and a big mouth, who was known as Victoire.
Then, too, there was a young person of great beauty answering to the name
of Rosine, a jeweller's daughter, so Norine told Mathieu, whose story was
at once pathetic and horrible. The young man, while waiting to see Madame
Bourdieu, who was engaged, sat for a time answering Norine's questions,
and listening to the others, who conversed before him in a free and open
way. His heart was wrung by much that he heard, and as soon as he could
rid himself of Norine he returned to the waiting-room, eager to complete
his business. There, however, two women who wished to consult Madame
Bourdieu, and who sat chatting side by side on a sofa, told him that she
was still engaged, so that he was compelled to tarry a little longer. He
ensconced himself in a large armchair, and taking a newspaper from his
pocket, began to read it. But he had not been thus occupied for many
minutes before the door opened and a servant entered, ushering in a lady
dressed in black and thickly veiled, whom she asked to be good enough to
wait her turn. Mathieu was on the point of rising, for, though his back
was turned to the door, he could see, in a looking-glass, that the new
arrival was none other than Morange's wife, Valerie. After a moment's
hesitation, however, the sight of her black gown and thick veil, which
seemed to indicate that she desired to escape recognition, induced him to
dive back into his armchair and feign extreme attention to his newspaper.
She, on her side, had certainly not noticed him, but by glancing
slantwise towards the looking-glass he could observe all her movements.

Meantime the conversation between the other women on the sofa continued,
and to Mathieu's surprise it suddenly turned on Madame Rouche, concerning
whom one of them began telling the most horrible stories, which fully
confirmed the young man's previous suspicions. These stories seemed to
have a powerful fascination for Valerie, who sat in a corner, never
stirring, but listening intently. She did not even turn her head towards
the other women, but, beneath her veil, Mathieu could detect her big eyes
glittering feverishly. She started but once. It was when one of the
others inquired of her friend where that horrid creature La Rouche
resided, and the other replied, "At the lower end of the Rue du Rocher."

Then their chatter abruptly ceased, for Madame Bourdieu made her
appearance on the threshold of her private room. The gossips exchanged
only a few words with her, and then, as Mathieu remained in his armchair,
the high back of which concealed him from view, Valerie rose from her
seat and followed Madame Bourdieu into the private room.

As soon as he was alone the young man let his newspaper fall upon his
knees, and lapsed into a reverie, haunted by all the chatter he had
heard, both there and in Norine's company, and shuddering at the thought
of the dreadful secrets that had been revealed to him. How long an
interval elapsed he could not tell, but at last he was suddenly roused by
a sound of voices.

Madame Bourdieu was now escorting Valerie to the door. She had the same
plump fresh face as usual, and even smiled in a motherly way; but the
other was quivering, as with distress and grief. "You are not sensible,
my dear child," said Madame Bourdieu to her. "It is simply foolish of
you. Come, go home and be good."

Then, Valerie having withdrawn without uttering a word, Madame Bourdieu
was greatly surprised to see Mathieu, who had risen from his chair. And
she suddenly became serious, displeased with herself at having spoken in
his presence. Fortunately, a diversion was created by the arrival of
Norine, who came in from the refectory; and Mathieu then promptly settled
his business and went off, after promising Norine that he would return
some day to see her.

To make up for lost time he was walking hastily towards the Rue La
Boetie, when, all at once, he came to a halt, for at the very corner of
that street he again perceived Valerie, now talking to a man, none other
than her husband. So Morange had come with her, and had waited for her in
the street while she interviewed Madame Bourdieu. And now they both stood
there consulting together, hesitating and evidently in distress. It was
plain to Mathieu that a terrible combat was going on within them. They
stamped about, moved hither and thither in a feverish way, then halted
once more to resume their conversation in a whisper. At one moment the
young man felt intensely relieved, for, turning into the Rue La Boetie,
they walked on slowly, as if downcast and resigned, in the direction of
Grenelle. But all at once they halted once more and exchanged a few
words; and then Mathieu's heart contracted as he saw them retrace their
steps along the Rue La Boetie and follow the Rue de la Pepiniere as far
as the Rue du Rocher. He readily divined whither they were going, but
some irresistible force impelled him to follow them; and before long,
from an open doorway, in which he prudently concealed himself, he saw
them look round to ascertain whether they were observed, and then slink,
first the wife and afterwards the husband, into the dark passage of La
Rouche's house. For a moment Mathieu lingered in his hiding-place,
quivering, full of dread and horror; and when at last he turned his steps
homeward it was with a heavy heart indeed.

The weeks went by, the winter ran its course, and March had come round,
when the memory of all that the young fellow had heard and seen that
day--things which he had vainly striven to forget--was revived in the
most startling fashion. One morning at eight o'clock Morange abruptly
called at the little pavilion in the Rue de la Federation, accompanied by
his daughter Reine. The cashier was livid, haggard, distracted, and as
soon as Reine had joined Mathieu's children, and could not hear what he
said, he implored the young man to come with him. In a gasp he told the
dreadful truth--Valerie was dying. Her daughter believed her to be in the
country, but that was a mere fib devised to quiet the girl. Valerie was
elsewhere, in Paris, and he, Morange, had a cab waiting below, but lacked
the strength to go back to her alone, so poignant was his grief, so great
his dread.

Mathieu was expecting a happy event that very day, and he at first told
the cashier that he could not possibly go with him; but when he had
informed Marianne that he believed that something dreadful had happened
to the Moranges, she bravely bade him render all assistance. And then the
two men drove, as Mathieu had anticipated, to the Rue du Rocher, and
there found the hapless Valerie, not dying, but dead, and white, and icy
cold. Ah! the desperate, tearless grief of the husband, who fell upon his
knees at the bedside, benumbed, annihilated, as if he also felt death's
heavy hand upon him.

For a moment, indeed, the young man anticipated exposure and scandal. But
when he hinted this to La Rouche she faintly smiled. She had friends on
many sides, it seemed. She had already reported Valerie's death at the
municipal office, and the doctor, who would be sent to certify the
demise, would simply ascribe it to natural causes. Such was the usual

Then Mathieu bethought himself of leading Morange away; but the other,
still plunged in painful stupor, did not heed him.

"No, no, my friend, I pray you, say nothing," he at last replied, in a
very faint, distant voice, as though he feared to awaken the unfortunate
woman who had fallen asleep forever. "I know what I have done; I shall
never forgive myself. If she lies there, it is because I consented. Yet I
adored her, and never wished her aught but happiness. I loved her too
much, and I was weak. Still, I was the husband, and when her madness came
upon her I ought to have acted sensibly, and have warned and dissuaded
her. I can understand and excuse her, poor creature; but as for me, it is
all over; I am a wretch; I feel horrified with myself."

All his mediocrity and tenderness of heart sobbed forth in this
confession of his weakness. And his voice never gave sign of animation,
never rose in a louder tone from the depths of his annihilated being,
which would evermore be void. "She wished to be gay, and rich, and
happy," he continued. "It was so legitimate a wish on her part, she was
so intelligent and beautiful! There was only one delight for me, to
content her tastes and satisfy her ambition. You know our new flat. We
spent far too much money on it. Then came that story of the Credit
National and the hope of speedily rising to fortune. And thus, when the
trouble came, and I saw her distracted at the idea of having to renounce
all her dreams, I became as mad as she was, and suffered her to do her
will. We thought that our only means of escaping from everlasting penury
and drudgery was to evade Nature, and now, alas! she lies there."

Morange's lugubrious voice, never broken by a sob, never rising to
violence, but sounding like a distant, monotonous, mournful knell, rent
Mathieu's heart. He sought words of consolation, and spoke of Reine.

"Ah, yes!" said the other, "I am very fond of Reine. She is so like her
mother. You will keep her at your house till to-morrow, won't you? Tell
her nothing; let her play; I will acquaint her with this dreadful
misfortune. And don't worry me, I beg you, don't take me away. I promise
you that I will keep very quiet: I will simply stay here, watching her.
Nobody will even hear me; I shan't disturb any one."

Then his voice faltered and he stammered a few more incoherent phrases as
he sank into a dream of his wrecked life.

Mathieu, seeing him so quiet, so overcome, at last decided to leave him
there, and, entering the waiting cab, drove back to Grenelle. Ah! it was
indeed relief for him to see the crowded, sunlit streets again, and to
breathe the keen air which came in at both windows of the vehicle.
Emerging from that horrid gloom, he breathed gladly beneath the vast sky,
all radiant with healthy joy. And the image of Marianne arose before him
like a consolatory promise of life's coming victory, an atonement for
every shame and iniquity. His dear wife, whom everlasting hope kept full
of health and courage, and through whom, even amid her pangs, love would
triumph, while they both held themselves in readiness for to-morrow's
allotted effort! The cab rolled on so slowly that Mathieu almost
despaired, eager as he was to reach his bright little house, that he
might once more take part in life's poem, that august festival instinct
with so much suffering and so much joy, humanity's everlasting hymn, the
coming of a new being into the world.

That very day, soon after his return, Denis and Blaise, Ambroise, Rose,
and Reine were sent round to the Beauchenes', where they filled the house
with their romping mirth. Maurice, however, was again ailing, and had to
lie upon a sofa, disconsolate at being unable to take part in the play of
the others. "He has pains in his legs," said his father to Mathieu, when
he came round to inquire after Marianne; "he's growing so fast, and
getting such a big fellow, you know."

Lightly as Beauchene spoke, his eyes even then wavered, and his face
remained for a moment clouded. Perhaps, in his turn, he also had felt the
passing of that icy breath from the unknown which one evening had made
Constance shudder with dread whilst she clasped her swooning boy in her

But at that moment Mathieu, who had left Marianne's room to answer
Beauchene's inquiries, was summoned back again. And there he now found
the sunlight streaming brilliantly, like a glorious greeting to new life.
While he yet stood there, dazzled by the glow, the doctor said to him:
"It is a boy."

Then Mathieu leant over his wife and kissed her lovingly. Her beautiful
eyes were still moist with the tears of anguish, but she was already
smiling with happiness.

"Dear, dear wife," said Mathieu, "how good and brave you are, and how I
love you!"

"Yes, yes, I am very happy," she faltered, "and I must try to give you
back all the love that you give me."

Ah! that room of battle and victory, it seemed radiant with triumphant
glory. Elsewhere was death, darkness, shame, and crime, but here holy
suffering had led to joy and pride, hope and trustfulness in the coming
future. One single being born, a poor bare wee creature, raising the
faint cry of a chilly fledgeling, and life's immense treasure was
increased and eternity insured. Mathieu remembered one warm balmy spring
night when, yonder at Chantebled, all the perfumes of fruitful nature had
streamed into their room in the little hunting-box, and now around him
amid equal rapture he beheld the ardent sunlight flaring, chanting the
poem of eternal life that sprang from love the eternal.


"I TELL you that I don't need Zoe to give the child a bath," exclaimed
Mathieu half in anger. "Stay in bed, and rest yourself!"

"But the servant must get the bath ready," replied Marianne, "and bring
you some warm water."

She laughed as if amused by the dispute, and he ended by laughing also.

Two days previously they had re-installed themselves in the little
pavilion on the verge of the woods near Janville which they rented from
the Seguins. So impatient, indeed, were they to find themselves once more
among the fields that in spite of the doctor's advice Marianne had made
the journey but fifteen days after giving birth to her little boy.
However, a precocious springtide brought with it that March such balmy
warmth and sunshine that the only ill-effect she experienced was a little
fatigue. And so, on the day after their arrival--Sunday--Mathieu, glad at
being able to remain with her, insisted that she should rest in bed, and
only rise about noon, in time for dejeuner.

"Why," he repeated, "I can very well attend to the child while you rest.
You have him in your arms from morning till night. And, besides, if you
only knew how pleased I am to be here again with you and the dear little

He approached her to kiss her gently, and with a fresh laugh she returned
his kiss. It was quite true: they were both delighted to be back at
Chantebled, which recalled to them such loving memories. That room,
looking towards the far expanse of sky and all the countryside,
renascent, quivering with sap, was gilded with gayety by the early

Marianne leant over the cradle which was near her, beside the bed. "The
fact is," said she, "Master Gervais is sound asleep. Just look at him.
You will never have the heart to wake him."

Then both father and mother remained for a moment gazing at their
sleeping child. Marianne had passed her arm round her husband's neck and
was clinging to him, as they laughed delightedly over the cradle in which
the little one slumbered. He was a fine child, pink and white already;
but only a father and mother could thus contemplate their offspring. As
the baby opened his eyes, which were still full of all the mystery whence
he had come, they raised exclamations full of emotion.

"You know, he saw me!"

"Certainly, and me too. He looked at me: he turned his head."

"Oh, the cherub!"

It was but an illusion, but that dear little face, still so soft and
silent, told them so many things which none other would have heard! They
found themselves repeated in the child, mingled as it were together; and
detected extraordinary likenesses, which for hours and for days kept them
discussing the question as to which of them he most resembled. Moreover,
each proved very obstinate, declaring that he was the living portrait of
the other.

As a matter of course, Master Gervais had no sooner opened his eyes than
he began to shriek. But Marianne was pitiless: her rule was the bath
first and milk afterwards. Zoe brought up a big jug of hot water, and
then set out the little bath near the window in the sunlight. And
Mathieu, all obstinacy, bathed the child, washing him with a soft sponge
for some three minutes, while Marianne, from her bed, watched over the
operation, jesting about the delicacy of touch that he displayed, as if
the child were some fragile new-born divinity whom he feared to bruise
with his big hands. At the same time they continued marvelling at the
delightful scene. How pretty he looked in the water, his pink skin
shining in the sunlight! And how well-behaved he was, for it was
wonderful to see how quickly he ceased wailing and gave signs of
satisfaction when he felt the all-enveloping caress of the warm water.
Never had father and mother possessed such a little treasure.

"And now," said Mathieu, when Zoe had helped him to wipe the boy with a
fine cloth, "and now we will weigh Master Gervais."

This was a complicated operation, which was rendered the more difficult
by the extreme repugnance that the child displayed. He struggled and
wriggled on the platform of the weighing scales to such a degree that it
was impossible to arrive at his correct weight, in order to ascertain how
much this had increased since the previous occasion. As a rule, the
increase varied from six to seven ounces a week. The father generally
lost patience over the operation, and the mother had to intervene.

"Here! put the scales on the table near my bed, and give me the little
one in his napkin. We will see what the napkin weighs afterwards."

At this moment, however, the customary morning invasion took place. The
other four children, who were beginning to know how to dress themselves,
the elder ones helping the younger, and Zoe lending a hand at times,
darted in at a gallop, like frolicsome escaped colts. Having thrown
themselves on papa's neck and rushed upon mamma's bed to say
good-morning, the boys stopped short, full of admiration and interest at
the sight of Gervais in the scales. Rose, however, still rather uncertain
on her legs, caught hold of the scales in her impatient efforts to climb
upon the bed, and almost toppled everything over. "I want to see! I want
to see!" she cried in her shrill voice.

At this the others likewise wished to meddle, and already stretched out
their little hands, so that it became necessary to turn them out of

"Now kindly oblige me by going to play outside," said Mathieu. "Take your
hats and remain under the window, so that we may hear you."

Then, in spite of the complaints and leaps of Master Gervais, Marianne
was at last able to obtain his correct weight. And what delight there
was, for he had gained more than seven ounces during the week. After
losing weight during the first three days, like all new-born children, he
was now growing and filling out like a strong, healthy human plant. They
could already picture him walking, sturdy and handsome. His mother,
sitting up in bed, wrapped his swaddling clothes around him with her
deft, nimble hands, jesting the while and answering each of his plaintive

"Yes, yes, I know, we are very, very hungry. But it is all right; the
soup is on the fire, and will be served to Monsieur smoking hot."

On awakening that morning she had made a real Sunday toilette: her superb
hair was caught up in a huge chignon which disclosed the whiteness of her
neck, and she wore a white flannel lace-trimmed dressing-jacket, which
allowed but a little of her bare arms to be seen. Propped up by two
pillows, she laughingly offered her breast to the child, who was already
protruding his lips and groping with his hands. And when he found what he
wanted he eagerly began to suck.

Mathieu, seeing that both mother and babe were steeped in sunshine, then
went to draw one of the curtains, but Marianne exclaimed: "No, no, leave
us the sun; it doesn't inconvenience us at all, it fills our veins with

He came back and lingered near the bed. The sun's rays poured over it,
and life blazed there in a florescence of health and beauty. There is no
more glorious blossoming, no more sacred symbol of living eternity than
an infant at its mother's breast. It is like a prolongation of
maternity's travail, when the mother continues giving herself to her
babe, offering him the fountain of life that shall make him a man.

Scarce is he born to the world than she takes him back and clasps him to
her bosom, that he may there again have warmth and nourishment. And
nothing could be more simple or more necessary. Marianne, both for her
own sake and that of her boy, in order that beauty and health might
remain their portion, was naturally his nurse.

Little Gervais was still sucking when Zoe, after tidying the room, came
up again with a big bunch of lilac, and announced that Monsieur and
Madame Angelin had called, on their way back from an early walk, to
inquire after Madame.

"Show them up," said Marianne gayly; "I can well receive them."

The Angelins were the young couple who, having installed themselves in a
little house at Janville, ever roamed the lonely paths, absorbed in their
mutual passion. She was delicious--dark, tall, admirably formed, always
joyous and fond of pleasure. He, a handsome fellow, fair and square
shouldered, had the gallant mien of a musketeer with his streaming
moustache. In addition to their ten thousand francs a year, which enabled
them to live as they liked, he earned a little money by painting pretty
fans, flowery with roses and little women deftly postured. And so their
life had hitherto been a game of love, an everlasting billing and cooing.
Towards the close of the previous summer they had become quite intimate
with the Froments, through meeting them well-nigh every day.

"Can we come in? Are we not intruding?" called Angelin, in his sonorous
voice, from the landing.

Then Claire, his wife, as soon as she had kissed Marianne, apologized for
having called so early.

"We only learnt last night, my dear," said she, "that you had arrived the
day before. We didn't expect you for another eight or ten days. And so,
as we passed the house just now, we couldn't resist calling. You will
forgive us, won't you?" Then, never waiting for an answer, she added with
the petulant vivacity of a tom-tit whom the open air had intoxicated:
"Oh! so there is the new little gentleman--a boy, am I not right? And
your health is good? But really I need not ask it. _Mon Dieu_, what a
pretty little fellow he is! Look at him, Robert; how pretty he is! A real
little doll! Isn't he funny now, isn't he funny! He is quite amusing."

Her husband, observing her gayety, drew near and began to admire the
child by way of following her example. "Ah yes, he is really a pretty
baby. But I have seen so many frightful ones--thin, puny, bluish little
things, looking like little plucked chickens. When they are white and
plump they are quite nice."

Mathieu began to laugh, and twitted the Angelins on having no child of
their own. But on this point they held very decided opinions. They wished
to enjoy life, unburdened by offspring, while they were young. As for
what might happen in five or six years' time, that, of course, was
another matter. Nevertheless, Madame Angelin could not help being struck
by the delightful picture which Marianne, so fresh and gay, presented
with her plump little babe at her breast in that white bed amid the
bright sunshine.

At last she remarked: "There's one thing. I certainly could not feed a
child. I should have to engage a nurse for any baby of mine."

"Of course!" her husband replied. "I would never allow you to feed it. It
would be idiotic."

These words had scarcely passed his lips when he regretted them and
apologized to Marianne, explaining that no mother possessed of means was
nowadays willing to face the trouble and worry of nursing.

"Oh! for my part," Marianne responded, with her quiet smile, "if I had a
hundred thousand francs a year I should nurse all my children, even were
there a dozen of them. To begin with, it is so healthful, you know, both
for mother and child: and if I didn't do my duty to the little one I
should look on myself as a criminal, as a mother who grudged her
offspring health and life."

Lowering her beautiful soft eyes towards her boy, she watched him with a
look of infinite love, while he continued nursing gluttonously. And in a
dreamy voice she continued: "To give a child of mine to another--oh no,
never! I should feel too jealous. I want my children to be entirely my
own. And it isn't merely a question of a child's physical health. I speak
of his whole being, of the intelligence and heart that will come to him,
and which he ought to derive from me alone. If I should find him foolish
or malicious later on, I should think that his nurse had poisoned him.
Dear little fellow! when he pulls like that it is as if he were drinking
me up entirely."

Then Mathieu, deeply moved, turned towards the others, saying: "Ah! she
is quite right. I only wish that every mother could hear her, and make it
the fashion in France once more to suckle their infants. It would be
sufficient if it became an ideal of beauty. And, indeed, is it not of the
loftiest and brightest beauty?"

The Angelins complaisantly began to laugh, but they did not seem
convinced. Just as they rose to take their leave an extraordinary uproar
burst forth beneath the window, the piercing clamor of little wildings,
freely romping in the fields. And it was all caused by Ambroise throwing
a ball, which had lodged itself on a tree. Blaise and Denis were flinging
stones at it to bring it down, and Rose called and jumped and stretched
out her arms as if she hoped to be able to reach the ball. The Angelins
stopped short, surprised and almost nervous.

"Good heavens!" murmured Claire, "what will it be when you have a dozen?"

"But the house would seem quite dead if they did not romp and shout,"
said Marianne, much amused. "Good-by, my dear. I will go to see you when
I can get about."

The months of March and April proved superb, and all went well with
Marianne. Thus the lonely little house, nestling amid foliage, was ever
joyous. Each Sunday in particular proved a joy, for the father did not
then have to go to his office. On the other days he started off early in
the morning, and returned about seven o'clock, ever busily laden with
work in the interval. And if his constant perambulations did not affect
his good-humor, he was nevertheless often haunted by thoughts of the
future. Formerly he had never been alarmed by the penury of his little
home. Never had he indulged in any dream of ambition or wealth. Besides,
he knew that his wife's only idea of happiness, like his own, was to live
there in very simple fashion, leading a brave life of health,
peacefulness, and love. But while he did not desire the power procured by
a high position and the enjoyment offered by a large fortune, he could
not help asking himself how he was to provide, were it ever so modestly,
for his increasing family. What would he be able to do, should he have
other children; how would he procure the necessaries of life each time
that a fresh birth might impose fresh requirements upon him? One situated
as he was must create resources, draw food from the earth step by step,
each time a little mouth opened and cried its hunger aloud. Otherwise he
would be guilty of criminal improvidence. And such reflections as these
came upon him the more strongly as his penury had increased since the
birth of Gervais--to such a point, indeed, that Marianne, despite
prodigies of economy, no longer knew how to make her money last her till
the end of the month. The slightest expenditure had to be debated; the
very butter had to be spread thinly on the children's bread; and they had
to continue wearing their blouses till they were well-nigh threadbare. To
increase the embarrassment they grew every year, and cost more money. It
had been necessary to send the three boys to a little school at Janville,
which was as yet but a small expense. But would it not be necessary to
send them the following year to a college, and where was the money for
this to come from? A grave problem, a worry which grew from hour to hour,
and which for Mathieu somewhat spoilt that charming spring whose advent
was flowering the countryside.

The worst was that Mathieu deemed himself immured, as it were, in his
position as designer at the Beauchene works. Even admitting that his
salary should some day be doubled, it was not seven or eight thousand
francs a year which would enable him to realize his dream of a numerous
family freely and proudly growing and spreading like some happy forest,
indebted solely for strength, health, and beauty to the good common
mother of all, the earth, which gave to all its sap. And this was why,
since his return to Janville, the earth, the soil had attracted him,
detained him during his frequent walks, while he revolved vague but
ever-expanding thoughts in his mind. He would pause for long minutes, now
before a field of wheat, now on the verge of a leafy wood, now on the
margin of a river whose waters glistened in the sunshine, and now amid
the nettles of some stony moorland. All sorts of vague plans then rose
within him, uncertain reveries of such vast scope, such singularity, that
he had as yet spoken of them to nobody, not even his wife. Others would
doubtless have mocked at him, for he had as yet but reached that dim,
quivering hour when inventors feel the gust of their discovery sweep over
them, before the idea that they are revolving presents itself with full
precision to their minds. Yet why did he not address himself to the soil,
man's everlasting provider and nurse? Why did he not clear and fertilize
those far-spreading lands, those woods, those heaths, those stretches of
stony ground which were left sterile around him? Since it was just that
each man should bring his contribution to the common weal, create
subsistence for himself and his offspring, why should not he, at the
advent of each new child, supply a new field of fertile earth which would
give that child food, without cost to the community? That was his sole
idea; it took no more precise shape; at the thought of realizing it he
was carried off into splendid dreams.

The Froments had been in the country fully a month when one evening
Marianne, wheeling Gervais's little carriage in front of her, came as far
as the bridge over the Yeuse to await Mathieu, who had promised to return
early. Indeed, he got there before six o'clock. And as the evening was
fine, it occurred to Marianne to go as far as the Lepailleurs' mill down
the river, and buy some new-laid eggs there.

"I'm willing," said Mathieu. "I'm very fond of their romantic old mill,
you know; though if it were mine I should pull it down and build another
one with proper appliances."

In the yard of the picturesque old building, half covered with ivy, with
its mossy wheel slumbering amid water-lilies, they found the Lepailleurs,
the man tall, dry, and carroty, the woman as carroty and as dry as
himself, but both of them young and hardy. Their child Antonin was
sitting on the ground, digging a hole with his little hands.

"Eggs?" La Lepailleur exclaimed; "yes, certainly, madame, there must be

She made no haste to fetch them, however, but stood looking at Gervais,
who was asleep in his little vehicle.

"Ah! so that's your last. He's plump and pretty enough, I must say," she

But Lepailleur raised a derisive laugh, and with the familiarity which
the peasant displays towards the bourgeois whom he knows to be hard up,
he said: "And so that makes you five, monsieur. Ah, well! that would be a
deal too many for poor folks like us."

"Why?" Mathieu quietly inquired. "Haven't you got this mill, and don't
you own fields, to give labor to the arms that would come and whose labor
would double and treble your produce?"

These simple words were like a whipstroke that made Lepailleur rear. And
once again he poured forth all his spite. Ah! surely now, it wasn't his
tumble-down old mill that would ever enrich him, since it had enriched
neither his father nor his grandfather. And as for his fields, well, that
was a pretty dowry that his wife had brought him, land in which nothing
more would grow, and which, however much one might water it with one's
sweat, did not even pay for manuring and sowing.

"But in the first place," resumed Mathieu, "your mill ought to be
repaired and its old mechanism replaced, or, better still, you should buy
a good steam-engine."

"Repair the mill! Buy an engine! Why, that's madness," the other replied.
"What would be the use of it? As it is, people hereabouts have almost
renounced growing corn, and I remain idle every other month."

"And then," continued Mathieu, "if your fields yield less, it is because
you cultivate them badly, following the old routine, without proper care
or appliances or artificial manure."

"Appliances! Artificial manure! All that humbug which has only sent poor
folks to rack and ruin! Ah! I should just like to see you trying to
cultivate the land better, and make it yield what it'll never yield any

Thereupon he quite lost his temper, became violent and brutal, launching
against the ungrateful earth all the charges which his love of idleness
and his obstinacy suggested. He had travelled, he had fought in Africa as
a soldier, folks could not say that he had always lived in his hole like
an ignorant beast. But, none the less, on leaving his regiment he had
lost all taste for work and come to the conclusion that agriculture was
doomed, and would never give him aught but dry bread to eat. The land
would soon be bankrupt, and the peasantry no longer believed in it, so
old and empty and worn out had it become. And even the sun got out of
order nowadays; they had snow in July and thunderstorms in December, a
perfect upsetting of seasons, which wrecked the crops almost before they
were out of the ground.

"No, monsieur," said Lepailleur, "what you say is impossible; it's all
past. The soil and work, there's nothing left of either. It's barefaced
robbery, and though the peasant may kill himself with labor, he will soon
be left without even water to drink. Children indeed! No, no! There's
Antonin, of course, and for him we may just be able to provide. But I
assure you that I won't even make Antonin a peasant against his will! If
he takes to schooling and wishes to go to Paris, I shall tell him that
he's quite right, for Paris is nowadays the only chance for sturdy chaps
who want to make a fortune. So he will be at liberty to sell everything,
if he chooses, and try his luck there. The only thing that I regret is
that I didn't make the venture myself when there was still time."

Mathieu began to laugh. Was it not singular that he, a bourgeois with a
bachelor's degree and scientific attainments, should dream of coming back
to the soil, to the common mother of all labor and wealth, when this
peasant, sprung from peasants, cursed and insulted the earth, and hoped
that his son would altogether renounce it? Never had anything struck him
as more significant. It symbolized that disastrous exodus from the rural
districts towards the towns, an exodus which year by year increased,
unhinging the nation and reducing it to anaemia.

"You are wrong," he said in a jovial way so as to drive all bitterness
from the discussion. "Don't be unfaithful to the earth; she's an old
mistress who would revenge herself. In your place I would lay myself out
to obtain from her, by increase of care, all that I might want. As in the
world's early days, she is still the great fruitful spouse, and she
yields abundantly when she is loved in proper fashion."

But Lepailleur, raising his fists, retorted: "No, no; I've had enough of

"And, by the way," continued Mathieu, "one thing which astonishes me is
that no courageous, intelligent man has ever yet come forward to do
something with all that vast abandoned estate yonder--that
Chantebled--which old Seguin, formerly, dreamt of turning into a princely
domain. There are great stretches of waste land, woods which one might
partly fell, heaths and moorland which might easily be restored to
cultivation. What a splendid task! What a work of creation for a bold man
to undertake!"

This so amazed Lepailleur that he stood there openmouthed. Then his
jeering spirit asserted itself: "But, my dear sir--excuse my saying
it--you must be mad! Cultivate Chantebled, clear those stony tracts, wade
about in those marshes! Why, one might bury millions there without
reaping a single bushel of oats! It's a cursed spot, which my
grandfather's father saw such as it is now, and which my grandson's son
will see just the same. Ah! well, I'm not inquisitive, but it would
really amuse me to meet the fool who might attempt such madness."

"_Mon Dieu_, who knows?" Mathieu quietly concluded. "When one only loves
strongly one may work miracles."

La Lepailleur, after going to fetch a dozen eggs, now stood erect before
her husband in admiration at hearing him talk so eloquently to a
bourgeois. They agreed very well together in their avaricious rage at
being unable to amass money by the handful without any great exertion,
and in their ambition to make their son a gentleman, since only a
gentleman could become wealthy. And thus, as Marianne was going off after
placing the eggs under a cushion in Gervais' little carriage, the other
complacently called her attention to Antonin, who, having made a hole in
the ground, was now spitting into it.

"Oh! he's smart," said she; "he knows his alphabet already, and we are
going to put him to school. If he takes after his father he will be no
fool, I assure you."

It was on a Sunday, some ten days later, that the supreme revelation, the
great flash of light which was to decide his life and that of those he
loved, fell suddenly upon Mathieu during a walk he took with his wife and
the children. They had gone out for the whole afternoon, taking a little
snack with them in order that they might share it amid the long grass in
the fields. And after scouring the paths, crossing the copses, rambling
over the moorland, they came back to the verge of the woods and sat down
under an oak. Thence the whole expanse spread out before them, from the
little pavilion where they dwelt to the distant village of Janville. On
their right was the great marshy plateau, from which broad, dry, sterile
slopes descended; while lower ground stretched away on their left. Then,
behind them, spread the woods with deep thickets parted by clearings,
full of herbage which no scythe had ever touched. And not a soul was to
be seen around them; there was naught save wild Nature, grandly quiescent
under the bright sun of that splendid April day. The earth seemed to be
dilating with all the sap amassed within it, and a flood of life could be
felt rising and quivering in the vigorous trees, the spreading plants,
and the impetuous growth of brambles and nettles which stretched
invadingly over the soil. And on all sides a powerful, pungent odor was

"Don't go too far," Marianne called to the children; "we shall stay under
this oak. We will have something to eat by and by."

Blaise and Denis were already bounding along, followed by Ambroise, to
see who could run the fastest; but Rose pettishly called them back, for
she preferred to play at gathering wild flowers. The open air fairly
intoxicated the youngsters; the herbage rose, here and there, to their
very shoulders. But they came back and gathered flowers; and after a time
they set off at a wild run once more, one of the big brothers carrying
the little sister on his back.

Mathieu, however, had remained absent-minded, with his eyes wandering
hither and thither, throughout their walk. At times he did not hear
Marianne when she spoke to him; he lapsed into reverie before some
uncultivated tract, some copse overrun with brushwood, some spring which
suddenly bubbled up and was then lost in mire. Nevertheless, she felt
that there was no sadness nor feeling of indifference in his heart; for
as soon as he returned to her he laughed once more with his soft, loving
laugh. It was she who often sent him roaming about the country, even
alone, for she felt that it would do him good; and although she had
guessed that something very serious was passing through his mind, she
retained full confidence, waiting till it should please him to speak to

Now, however, just as he had sunk once more into his reverie, his glance
wandering afar, studying the great varied expanse of land, she raised a
light cry: "Oh! look, look!"

Under the big oak tree she had placed Master Gervais in his little
carriage, among wild weeds which hid its wheels. And while she handed a
little silver mug, from which it was intended they should drink while
taking their snack, she had noticed that the child raised his head and
followed the movement of her hand, in which the silver sparkled beneath
the sun-rays. Forthwith she repeated the experiment, and again the
child's eyes followed the starry gleam.

"Ah! it can't be said that I'm mistaken, and am simply fancying it!" she
exclaimed. "It is certain that he can see quite plainly now. My pretty
pet, my little darling!"

She darted to the child to kiss him in celebration of that first clear
glance. And then, too, came the delight of the first smile.

"Why, look!" in his turn said Mathieu, who was leaning over the child
beside her, yielding to the same feeling of rapture, "there he is smiling
at you now. But of course, as soon as these little fellows see clearly
they begin to laugh."

She herself burst into a laugh. "You are right, he is laughing! Ah! how
funny he looks, and how happy I am!"

Both father and mother laughed together with content at the sight of that
infantile smile, vague and fleeting, like a faint ripple on the pure
water of some spring.

Amid this joy Marianne called the four others, who were bounding under
the young foliage around them: "Come, Rose! come, Ambroise! come, Blaise
and Denis! It's time now; come at once to have something to eat."

They hastened up and the snack was set out on a patch of soft grass.
Mathieu unhooked the basket which hung in front of the baby's little
vehicle; and Marianne, having drawn some slices of bread-and-butter from
it, proceeded to distribute them. Perfect silence ensued while all four
children began biting with hearty appetite, which it was a pleasure to
see. But all at once a scream arose. It came from Master Gervais, who was
vexed at not having been served first.

"Ah! yes, it's true I was forgetting you," said Marianne gayly; "you
shall have your share. There, open your mouth, you darling;" and, with an
easy, simple gesture, she unfastened her dress-body; and then, under the
sunlight which steeped her in golden radiance, in full view of the
far-spreading countryside, where all likewise was bare--the soil, the
trees, the plants, streaming with sap--having seated herself in the long
grass, where she almost disappeared amid the swarming growth of April's
germs, the babe on her breast eagerly sucked in her warm milk, even as
all the encompassing verdure was sucking life from the soil.

"How hungry you are!" she exclaimed. "Don't pinch me so hard, you little

Meantime Mathieu had remained standing amid the enchantment of the
child's first smile and the gayety born of the hearty hunger around him.
Then his dream of creation came back to him, and he at last gave voice to
those plans for the future which haunted him, and of which he had so far
spoken to nobody: "Ah, well, it is high time that I should set to work
and found a kingdom, if these children are to have enough soup to make
them grow. Shall I tell you what I've thought--shall I tell you?"

Marianne raised her eyes, smiling and all attention. "Yes, tell me your
secret if the time has come. Oh! I could guess that you had some great
hope in you. But I did not ask you anything; I preferred to wait."

He did not give a direct reply, for at a sudden recollection his feelings
rebelled. "That Lepailleur," said he, "is simply a lazy fellow and a fool
in spite of all his cunning airs. Can there be any more sacrilegious
folly than to imagine that the earth has lost her fruitfulness and is
becoming bankrupt--she, the eternal mother, eternal life? She only shows
herself a bad mother to her bad sons, the malicious, the obstinate, and
the dull-witted, who do not know how to love and cultivate her. But if an
intelligent son comes and devotes himself to her, and works her with the
help of experience and all the new systems of science, you will soon see
her quicken and yield tremendous harvests unceasingly. Ah! folks say in
the district that this estate of Chantebled has never yielded and never
will yield anything but nettles. Well, nevertheless, a man will come who
will transform it and make it a new land of joy and abundance."

Then, suddenly turning round, with outstretched arm, and pointing to the
spots to which he referred in turn, he went on: "Yonder in the rear there
are nearly five hundred acres of little woods, stretching as far as the
farms of Mareuil and Lillebonne. They are separated by clearings of
excellent soil which broad gaps unite, and which could easily be turned
into good pastures, for there are numerous springs. And, indeed, the
springs become so abundant on the right, that they have changed that big
plateau into a kind of marshland, dotted with ponds, and planted with
reeds and rushes. But picture a man of bold mind, a clearer, a conqueror,
who should drain those lands and rid them of superfluous water by means
of a few canals which might easily be dug! Why, then a huge stretch of
land would be reclaimed, handed over to cultivation, and wheat would grow
there with extraordinary vigor. But that is not all. There is the expanse
before us, those gentle slopes from Janville to Vieux-Bourg, that is
another five hundred acres, which are left almost uncultivated on account
of their dryness, the stony poverty of their soil. So it is all very
simple. One would merely have to take the sources up yonder, the waters,
now stagnant, and carry them across those sterile slopes, which, when
irrigated, would gradually develop extraordinary fertility. I have seen
everything, I have studied everything. I feel that there are at least
twelve hundred acres of land which a bold creator might turn into a most
productive estate. Yonder lies a whole kingdom of corn, a whole new world
to be created by labor, with the help of the beneficent waters and our
father the sun, the source of eternal life."

Marianne gazed at him and admired him as he stood there quivering,
pondering over all that he evoked from his dream. But she was frightened
by the vastness of such hopes, and could not restrain a cry of
disquietude and prudence.

"No, no, that is too much; you desire the impossible. How can you think
that we shall ever possess so much--that our fortune will spread over the
entire region? Think of the capital, the arms that would be needed for
such a conquest!"

For a moment Mathieu remained silent on thus suddenly being brought back
to reality. Then with his affectionate, sensible air, he began to laugh.
"You are right; I have been dreaming and talking wildly," he replied. "I
am not yet so ambitious as to wish to be King of Chantebled. But there is
truth in what I have said to you; and, besides, what harm can there be in
dreaming of great plans to give oneself faith and courage? Meantime I
intend to try cultivating just a few acres, which Seguin will no doubt
sell me cheaply enough, together with the little pavilion in which we
live. I know that the unproductiveness of the estate weighs on him. And,
later on, we shall see if the earth is disposed to love us and come to us
as we go to her. Ah well, my dear, give that little glutton plenty of
life, and you, my darlings, eat and drink and grow in strength, for the
earth belongs to those who are healthy and numerous."

Blaise and Denis made answer by taking some fresh slices of
bread-and-butter, while Rose drained the mug of wine and water which
Ambroise handed her. And Marianne sat there like the symbol of blossoming
Fruitfulness, the source of vigor and conquest, while Gervais heartily
nursed on. He pulled so hard, indeed, that one could hear the sound of
his lips. It was like the faint noise which attends the rise of a
spring--a slender rill of milk that is to swell and become a river.
Around her the mother heard that source springing up and spreading on all
sides. She was not nourishing alone: the sap of April was dilating the
land, sending a quiver through the woods, raising the long herbage which
embowered her. And beneath her, from the bosom of the earth, which was
ever in travail, she felt that flood of sap reaching and ever pervading
her. And it was like a stream of milk flowing through the world, a stream
of eternal life for humanity's eternal crop. And on that gay day of
spring the dazzling, singing, fragrant countryside was steeped in it all,
triumphal with that beauty of the mother, who, in the full light of the
sun, in view of the vast horizon, sat there nursing her child.


ON the morrow, after a morning's hard toil at his office at the works,
Mathieu, having things well advanced, bethought himself of going to see
Norine at Madame Bourdieu's. He knew that she had given birth to a child
a fortnight previously, and he wished to ascertain the exact state of
affairs, in order to carry to an end the mission with which Beauchene had
intrusted him. As the other, however, had never again spoken to him on
the subject, he simply told him that he was going out in the afternoon,
without indicating the motive of his absence. At the same time he knew
what secret relief Beauchene would experience when he at last learnt that
the whole business was at an end--the child cast adrift and the mother
following her own course.

On reaching the Rue de Miromesnil, Mathieu had to go up to Norine's room,
for though she was to leave the house on the following Thursday, she
still kept her bed. And at the foot of the bedstead, asleep in a cradle,
he was surprised to see the infant, of which, he thought, she had already
rid herself.

"Oh! is it you?" she joyously exclaimed. "I was about to write to you,
for I wanted to see you before going away. My little sister here would
have taken you the letter."

Cecile Moineaud was indeed there, together with the younger girl, Irma.
The mother, unable to absent herself from her household duties, had sent
them to make inquiries, and give Norine three big oranges, which
glistened on the table beside the bed. The little girls had made the
journey on foot, greatly interested by all the sights of the streets and
the displays in the shop-windows. And now they were enraptured with the
fine house in which they found their big sister sojourning, and full of
curiosity with respect to the baby which slept under the cradle's muslin

Mathieu made the usual inquiries of Norine, who answered him gayly, but
pouted somewhat at the prospect of having so soon to leave the house,
where she had found herself so comfortable.

"We shan't easily find such soft mattresses and such good food, eh,
Victoire?" she asked. Whereupon Mathieu perceived that another girl was
present, a pale little creature with wavy red hair, tip-tilted nose, and
long mouth, whom he had already seen there on the occasion of a previous
visit. She slept in one of the two other beds which the room contained,
and now sat beside it mending some linen. She was to leave the house on
the morrow, having already sent her child to the Foundling Hospital; and
in the meantime she was mending some things for Rosine, the well-to-do
young person of great beauty whom Mathieu had previously espied, and
whose story, according to Norine, was so sadly pathetic.

Victoire ceased sewing and raised her head. She was a servant girl by
calling, one of those unlucky creatures who are overtaken by trouble when
they have scarce arrived in the great city from their native village.
"Well," said she, "it's quite certain that one won't be able to dawdle in
bed, and that one won't have warm milk given one to drink before getting
up. But, all the same, it isn't lively to see nothing but that big gray
wall yonder from the window. And, besides, one can't go on forever doing

Norine laughed and jerked her head, as if she were not of this opinion.
Then, as her little sisters embarrassed her, she wished to get rid of

"And so, my pussies," said she, "you say that papa's still angry with me,
and that I'm not to go back home."

"Oh!" cried Cecile, "it's not so much that he's angry, but he says that
all the neighbors would point their fingers at him if he let you come
home. Besides, Euphrasie keeps his anger up, particularly since she's
arranged to get married."

"What! Euphrasie going to be married? You didn't tell me that."

Norine looked very vexed, particularly when her sisters, speaking both
together, told her that the future husband was Auguste Benard, a jovial
young mason who lived on the floor above them. He had taken a fancy to
Euphrasie, though she had no good looks, and was as thin, at eighteen, as
a grasshopper. Doubtless, however, he considered her strong and

"Much good may it do them!" said Norine spitefully. "Why, with her evil
temper, she'll be beating him before six months are over. You can just
tell mamma that I don't care a rap for any of you, and that I need
nobody. I'll go and look for work, and I'll find somebody to help me. So,
you hear, don't you come back here. I don't want to be bothered by you
any more."

At this, Irma, but eight years old and tender-hearted, began to cry. "Why
do you scold us? We didn't come to worry you. I wanted to ask you, too,
if that baby's yours, and if we may kiss it before we go away."

Norine immediately regretted her spiteful outburst. She once more called
the girls her "little pussies," kissed them tenderly, and told them that
although they must run away now they might come back another day to see
her if it amused them. "Thank mamma from me for her oranges. And as for
the baby, well, you may look at it, but you mustn't touch it, for if it
woke up we shouldn't be able to hear ourselves."

Then, as the two children leant inquisitively over the cradle, Mathieu
also glanced at it, and saw a healthy, sturdy-looking child, with a
square face and strong features. And it seemed to him that the infant was
singularly like Beauchene.

At that moment, however, Madame Bourdieu came in, accompanied by a woman,
whom he recognized as Sophie Couteau, "La Couteau," that nurse-agent whom
he had seen at the Seguins' one day when she had gone thither to offer to
procure them a nurse. She also certainly recognized this gentleman, whose
wife, proud of being able to suckle her own children, had evinced such
little inclination to help others to do business. She pretended, however,
that she saw him for the first time; for she was discreet by profession
and not even inquisitive, since so many matters were ever coming to her
knowledge without the asking.

Little Cecile and little Irma went off at once; and then Madame Bourdieu,
addressing Norine, inquired: "Well, my child, have you thought it over;
have you quite made up your mind about that poor little darling, who is
sleeping there so prettily? Here is the person I spoke to you about. She
comes from Normandy every fortnight, bringing nurses to Paris; and each
time she takes babies away with her to put them out to nurse in the
country. Though you say you won't feed it, you surely need not cast off
your child altogether; you might confide it to this person until you are
in a position to take it back. Or else, if you have made up your mind to
abandon it altogether, she will kindly take it to the Foundling Hospital
at once."

Great perturbation had come over Norine, who let her head fall back on
her pillow, over which streamed her thick fair hair, whilst her face
darkened and she stammered: "_Mon Dieu_, _mon Dieu_! you are going to
worry me again!"

Then she pressed her hands to her eyes as if anxious to see nothing more.

"This is what the regulations require of me, monsieur," said Madame
Bourdieu to Mathieu in an undertone, while leaving the young mother for a
moment to her reflections. "We are recommended to do all we can to
persuade our boarders, especially when they are situated like this one,
to nurse their infants. You are aware that this often saves not only the
child, but the mother herself, from the sad future which threatens her.
And so, however much she may wish to abandon the child, we leave it near
her as long as possible, and feed it with the bottle, in the hope that
the sight of the poor little creature may touch her heart and awaken
feelings of motherliness in her. Nine times out of ten, as soon as she
gives the child the breast, she is vanquished, and she keeps it. That is
why you still see this baby here."

Mathieu, feeling greatly moved, drew near to Norine, who still lay back
amid her streaming hair, with her hands pressed to her face. "Come," said
he, "you are a goodhearted girl, there is no malice in you. Why not
yourself keep that dear little fellow?"

Then she uncovered her burning, tearless face: "Did the father even come
to see me?" she asked bitterly. "I can't love the child of a man who has
behaved as he has! The mere thought that it's there, in that cradle, puts
me in a rage."

"But that dear little innocent isn't guilty. It's he whom you condemn,
yourself whom you punish, for now you will be quite alone, and he might
prove a great consolation."

"No, I tell you no, I won't. I can't keep a child like that with nobody
to help me. We all know what we can do, don't we? Well, it is of no use
my questioning myself. I'm not brave enough, I'm not stupid enough to do
such a thing. No, no, and no."

He said no more, for he realized that nothing would prevail over that
thirst for liberty which she felt in the depths of her being. With a
gesture he expressed his sadness, but he was neither indignant nor angry
with her, for others had made her what she was.

"Well, it's understood, you won't be forced to feed it," resumed Madame
Bourdieu, attempting a final effort. "But it isn't praiseworthy to
abandon the child. Why not trust it to Madame here, who would put it out
to nurse, so that you would be able to take it back some day, when you
have found work? It wouldn't cost much, and no doubt the father would

This time Norine flew into a passion. "He! pay? Ah! you don't know him.
It's not that the money would inconvenience him, for he's a millionnaire.
But all he wants is to see the little one disappear. If he had dared he
would have told me to kill it! Just ask that gentleman if I speak the
truth. You see that he keeps silent! And how am I to pay when I haven't a
copper, when to-morrow I shall be cast out-of-doors, perhaps, without
work and without bread. No, no, a thousand times no, I can't!"

Then, overcome by an hysterical fit of despair, she burst into sobs. "I
beg you, leave me in peace. For the last fortnight you have been
torturing me with that child, by keeping him near me, with the idea that
I should end by nursing him. You bring him to me, and set him on my
knees, so that I may look at him and kiss him. You are always worrying me
with him, and making him cry with the hope that I shall pity him and take
him to my breast. But, _mon Dieu_! can't you understand that if I turn my
head away, if I don't want to kiss him or even to see him, it is because
I'm afraid of being caught and loving him like a big fool, which would be
a great misfortune both for him and for me? He'll be far happier by
himself! So, I beg you, let him be taken away at once, and don't torture
me any more."

Sobbing violently, she again sank back in bed, and buried her dishevelled
head in the pillows.

La Couteau had remained waiting, mute and motionless, at the foot of the
bedstead. In her gown of dark woollen stuff and her black cap trimmed
with yellow ribbons she retained the air of a peasant woman in her Sunday
best. And she strove to impart an expression of compassionate good-nature
to her long, avaricious, false face. Although it seemed to her unlikely
that business would ensue, she risked a repetition of her customary

"At Rougemont, you know, madame, your little one would be just the same
as at home. There's no better air in the Department; people come there
from Bayeux to recruit their health. And if you only knew how well the
little ones are cared for! It's the only occupation of the district, to
have little Parisians to coddle and love! And, besides, I wouldn't charge
you dear. I've a friend of mine who already has three nurslings, and, as
she naturally brings them up with the bottle, it wouldn't put her out to
take a fourth for almost next to nothing. Come, doesn't that suit
you--doesn't that tempt you?"

When, however, she saw that tears were Norine's only answer, she made an
impatient gesture like an active woman who cannot afford to lose her
time. At each of her fortnightly journeys, as soon as she had rid herself
of her batch of nurses at the different offices, she hastened round the
nurses' establishments to pick up infants, so as to take the train
homewards the same evening together with two or three women who, as she
put it, helped her "to cart the little ones about." On this occasion she
was in a greater hurry, as Madame Bourdieu, who employed her in a variety
of ways, had asked her to take Norine's child to the Foundling Hospital
if she did not take it to Rougemont.

"And so," said La Couteau, turning to Madame Bourdieu, "I shall have only
the other lady's child to take back with me. Well, I had better see her
at once to make final arrangements. Then I'll take this one and carry it
yonder as fast as possible, for my train starts at six o'clock."

When La Couteau and Madame Bourdieu had gone off to speak to Rosine, who
was the "other lady" referred to, the room sank into silence save for the
wailing and sobbing of Norine. Mathieu had seated himself near the
cradle, gazing compassionately at the poor little babe, who was still
peacefully sleeping. Soon, however, Victoire, the little servant girl,
who had hitherto remained silent, as if absorbed in her sewing, broke the
heavy silence and talked on slowly and interminably without raising her
eyes from her needle.

"You were quite right in not trusting your child to that horrid woman!"
she began. "Whatever may be done with him at the hospital, he will be
better off there than in her hands. At least he will have a chance to
live. And that's why I insisted, like you, on having mine taken there at
once. You know I belong in that woman's region--yes, I come from
Berville, which is barely four miles from Rougemont, and I can't help
knowing La Couteau, for folks talk enough about her in our village. She's
a nice creature and no mistake! And it's a fine trade that she plies,
selling other people's milk. She was no better than she should be at one
time, but at last she was lucky enough to marry a big, coarse, brutal
fellow, whom at this time of day she leads by the nose. And he helps her.
Yes, he also brings nurses to Paris and takes babies back with him, at
busy times. But between them they have more murders on their consciences
than all the assassins that have ever been guillotined. The mayor of
Berville, a bourgeois who's retired from business and a worthy man, said
that Rougemont was the curse of the Department. I know well enough that
there's always been some rivalry between Rougemont and Berville; but, the
folks of Rougemont ply a wicked trade with the babies they get from
Paris. All the inhabitants have ended by taking to it, there's nothing
else doing in the whole village, and you should just see how things are
arranged so that there may be as many funerals as possible. Ah! yes,
people don't keep their stock-in-trade on their hands. The more that die,
the more they earn. And so one can understand that La Couteau always
wants to take back as many babies as possible at each journey she makes."

Victoire recounted these dreadful things in her simple way, as one whom
Paris has not yet turned into a liar, and who says all she knows,
careless what it may be.

"And it seems things were far worse years ago," she continued. "I have
heard my father say that, in his time, the agents would bring back four
or five children at one journey--perfect parcels of babies, which they
tied together and carried under their arms. They set them out in rows on
the seats in the waiting-rooms at the station; and one day, indeed, a
Rougemont agent forgot one child in a waiting-room, and there was quite a
row about it, because when the child was found again it was dead. And
then you should have seen in the trains what a heap of poor little things
there was, all crying with hunger. It became pitiable in winter time,
when there was snow and frost, for they were all shivering and blue with
cold in their scanty, ragged swaddling-clothes. One or another often died
on the way, and then it was removed at the next station and buried in the
nearest cemetery. And you can picture what a state those who didn't die
were in. At our place we care better for our pigs, for we certainly
wouldn't send them travelling in that fashion. My father used to say that
it was enough to make the very stones weep. Nowadays, however, there's
more supervision; the regulations allow the agents to take only one
nursling back at a time. But they know all sorts of tricks, and often
take a couple. And then, too, they make arrangements; they have women who
help them, and they avail themselves of those who may be going back into
the country alone. Yes, La Couteau has all sorts of tricks to evade the
law. And, besides, all the folks of Rougemont close their eyes--they are
too much interested in keeping business brisk; and all they fear is that
the police may poke their noses into their affairs. Ah! it is all very
well for the Government to send inspectors every month, and insist on
registers, and the Mayor's signature and the stamp of the Commune; why,
it's just as if it did nothing. It doesn't prevent these women from
quietly plying their trade and sending as many little ones as they can to
kingdom-come. We've got a cousin at Rougemont who said to us one day: 'La
Malivoire's precious lucky, she got rid of four more during last month.'"

Victoire paused for a moment to thread her needle. Norine was still
weeping, while Mathieu listened, mute with horror, and with his eyes
fixed upon the sleeping child.

"No doubt folks say less about Rougemont nowadays than they used to," the
girl resumed; "but there's still enough to disgust one. We know three or
four baby-farmers who are not worth their salt. The rule is to bring the
little ones up with the bottle, you know; and you'd be horrified if you
saw what bottles they are--never cleaned, always filthy, with the milk
inside them icy cold in the winter and sour in the summer. La Vimeux, for
her part, thinks that the bottle system costs too much, and so she feeds
her children on soup. That clears them off all the quicker. At La
Loiseau's you have to hold your nose when you go near the corner where
the little ones sleep--their rags are so filthy. As for La Gavette, she's
always working in the fields with her man, so that the three or four
nurslings that she generally has are left in charge of the grandfather,
an old cripple of seventy, who can't even prevent the fowls from coming
to peck at the little ones.* And things are worse even at La Cauchois',
for, as she has nobody at all to mind the children when she goes out
working, she leaves them tied in their cradles, for fear lest they should
tumble out and crack their skulls. You might visit all the houses in the
village, and you would find the same thing everywhere. There isn't a
house where the trade isn't carried on. Round our part there are places
where folks make lace, or make cheese, or make cider; but at Rougemont
they only make dead bodies."

  * There is no exaggeration in what M. Zola writes on this subject.
    I have even read in French Government reports of instances in
    which nurslings have been devoured by pigs! And it is a well-known
    saying in France that certain Norman and Touraine villages are
    virtually "paved with little Parisians."--Trans.

All at once she ceased sewing, and looked at Mathieu with her timid,
clear eyes.

"But the worst of all," she continued, "is La Couillard, an old thief who
once did six months in prison, and who now lives a little way out of the
village on the verge of the wood. No live child has ever left La
Couillard's. That's her specialty. When you see an agent, like La
Couteau, for instance, taking her a child, you know at once what's in the
wind. La Couteau has simply bargained that the little one shall die. It's
settled in a very easy fashion: the parents give a sum of three or four
hundred francs on condition that the little one shall be kept till his
first communion, and you may be quite certain that he dies within a week.
It's only necessary to leave a window open near him, as a nurse used to
do whom my father knew. At winter time, when she had half a dozen babies
in her house, she would set the door wide open and then go out for a
stroll. And, by the way, that little boy in the next room, whom La
Couteau has just gone to see, she'll take him to La Couillard's, I'm
sure; for I heard the mother, Mademoiselle Rosine, agree with her the
other day to give her a sum of four hundred francs down on the
understanding that she should have nothing more to do in the matter."

At this point Victoire ceased speaking, for La Couteau came in to fetch
Norine's child. Norine, who had emerged from her distress during the
servant girl's stories, had ended by listening to them with great
interest. But directly she perceived the agent she once more hid her face
in her pillows, as though she feared to see what was about to happen.
Mathieu, on his side, had risen from his chair and stood there quivering.

"So it's understood, I'm going to take the child," said La Couteau.
"Madame Bourdieu has given me a slip of paper bearing the date of the
birth and the address. Only I ought to have some Christian names. What do
you wish the child to be called?"

Norine did not at first answer. Then, in a faint distressful voice, she
said: "Alexandre."

"Alexandre, very well. But you would do better to give the boy a second
Christian name, so as to identify him the more readily, if some day you
take it into your head to run after him."

It was again necessary to tear a reply from Norine. "Honore," she said.

"Alexandre Honore--all right. That last name is yours, is it not?* And
the first is the father's? That is settled; and now I've everything I
need. Only it's four o'clock already, and I shall never get back in time
for the six o'clock train if I don't take a cab. It's such a long way
off--the other side of the Luxembourg. And a cab costs money. How shall
we manage?"

  * Norine is, of course, a diminutive of Honorine, which is the
    feminine form of Honore.--Trans.

While she continued whining, to see if she could not extract a few francs
from the distressed girl, it suddenly occurred to Mathieu to carry out
his mission to the very end by driving with her himself to the Foundling
Hospital, so that he might be in a position to inform Beauchene that the
child had really been deposited there, in his presence. So he told La
Couteau that he would go down with her, take a cab, and bring her back.

"All right; that will suit me. Let us be off! It's a pity to wake the
little one, since he's so sound asleep; but all the same, we must pack
him off, since it's decided."

With her dry hands, which were used to handling goods of this
description, she caught up the child, perhaps, however, a little roughly,
forgetting her assumed wheedling good nature now that she was simply
charged with conveying it to hospital. And the child awoke and began to
scream loudly.

"Ah! dear me, it won't be amusing if he keeps up this music in the cab.
Quick, let us be off."

But Mathieu stopped her. "Won't you kiss him, Norine?" he asked.

At the very first squeal that sorry mother had dipped yet lower under her
sheets, carrying her hands to her ears, distracted as she was by the
sound of those cries. "No, no," she gasped, "take him away; take him away
at once. Don't begin torturing me again!"

Then she closed her eyes, and with one arm repulsed the child who seemed
to be pursuing her. But when she felt that the agent was laying him on
the bed, she suddenly shuddered, sat up, and gave a wild hasty kiss,
which lighted on the little fellow's cap. She had scarcely opened her
tear-dimmed eyes, and could have seen but a vague phantom of that poor
feeble creature, wailing and struggling at the decisive moment when he
was being cast into the unknown.

"You are killing me! Take him away; take him away!"

Once in the cab the child suddenly became silent. Either the jolting of
the vehicle calmed him, or the creaking of the wheels filled him with
emotion. La Couteau, who kept him on her knees, at first remained silent,
as if interested in the people on the footwalks, where the bright sun was
shining. Then, all of a sudden, she began to talk, venting her thoughts

"That little woman made a great mistake in not trusting the child to me.
I should have put him out to nurse properly, and he would have grown up
finely at Rougemont. But there! they all imagine that we simply worry
them because we want to do business. But I just ask you, if she had given
me five francs for myself and paid my return journey, would that have
ruined her? A pretty girl like her oughtn't to be hard up for money. I
know very well that in our calling there are some people who are hardly
honest, who speculate and ask for commissions, and then put out nurslings
at cheap rates and rob both the parents and the nurse. It's really not
right to treat these dear little things as if they were goods--poultry or
vegetables. When folks do that I can understand that their hearts get
hardened, and that they pass the little ones on from hand to hand without
any more care than if they were stock-in-trade. But then, monsieur, I'm
an honest woman; I'm authorized by the mayor of our village; I hold a
certificate of morality, which I can show to anybody. If ever you should
come to Rougemont, just ask after Sophie Couteau there. Folks will tell
you that I'm a hard-working woman, and don't owe a copper to a soul!"

Mathieu could not help looking at her to see how unblushingly she thus
praised herself. And her speech struck him as if it were a premeditated
reply to all that Victoire had related of her, for, with the keen scent
of a shrewd peasant woman, she must have guessed that charges had been
brought against her. When she felt that his piercing glance was diving to
her very soul, she doubtless feared that she had not lied with sufficient
assurance, and had somehow negligently betrayed herself; for she did not
insist, but put on more gentleness of manner, and contented herself with
praising Rougemont in a general way, saying what a perfect paradise it
was, where the little ones were received, fed, cared for, and coddled as
if they were all sons of princes. Then, seeing that the gentleman uttered
never a word, she became silent once more. It was evidently useless to
try to win him over. And meantime the cab rolled and rolled along;
streets followed streets, ever noisy and crowded; and they crossed the
Seine and at last drew near to the Luxembourg. It was only after passing
the palace gardens that La Couteau again began:

"Well, it's that young person's own affair if she imagines that her child
will be better off for passing through the Foundling. I don't attack the
Administration, but you know, monsieur, there's a good deal to be said on
the matter. At Rougemont we have a number of nurslings that it sends us,
and they don't grow any better or die less frequently than the others.
Well, well, people are free to act as they fancy; but all the same I
should like you to know, as I do, all that goes on in there."

The cab had stopped at the top of the Rue Denfert-Rochereau, at a short
distance from the former outer Boulevard. A big gray wall stretched out,
the frigid facade of a State establishment, and it was through a quiet,
simple, unobtrusive little doorway at the end of this wall that La
Couteau went in with the child. Mathieu followed her, but he did not
enter the office where a woman received the children. He felt too much
emotion, and feared lest he should be questioned; it was, indeed, as if
he considered himself an accomplice in a crime. Though La Couteau told
him that the woman would ask him nothing, and the strictest secrecy was
always observed, he preferred to wait in an anteroom, which led to
several closed compartments, where the persons who came to deposit
children were placed to wait their turn. And he watched the woman go off,
carrying the little one, who still remained extremely well behaved, with
a vacant stare in his big eyes.

Though the interval of waiting could not have lasted more than twenty
minutes, it seemed terribly long to Mathieu. Lifeless quietude reigned in
that stern, sad-looking anteroom, wainscoted with oak, and pervaded with
the smell peculiar to hospitals. All he heard was the occasional faint
wail of some infant, above which now and then rose a heavy, restrained
sob, coming perhaps from some mother who was waiting in one of the
adjoining compartments. And he recalled the "slide" of other days, the
box which turned within the wall. The mother crept up, concealing herself
much as possible from view, thrust her baby into the cavity as into an
oven, gave a tug at the bell-chain, and then precipitately fled. Mathieu
was too young to have seen the real thing; he had only seen it
represented in a melodrama at the Port St. Martin Theatre.* But how many
stories it recalled--hampers of poor little creatures brought up from the
provinces and deposited at the hospital by carriers; the stolen babes of
Duchesses, here cast into oblivion by suspicious-looking men; the
hundreds of wretched work-girls too who had here rid themselves of their
unfortunate children. Now, however, the children had to be deposited
openly, and there was a staff which took down names and dates, while
giving a pledge of inviolable secrecy. Mathieu was aware that some few
people imputed to the suppression of the slide system the great increase
in criminal offences. But each day public opinion condemns more and more
the attitude of society in former times, and discards the idea that one
must accept evil, dam it in, and hide it as if it were some necessary
sewer; for the only course for a free community to pursue is to foresee
evil and grapple with it, and destroy it in the bud. To diminish the
number of cast-off children one must seek out the mothers, encourage
them, succor them, and give them the means to be mothers in fact as well
as in name. At that moment, however, Mathieu did not reason; it was his
heart that was affected, filled with growing pity and anguish at the
thought of all the crime, all the shame, all the grief and distress that
had passed through that anteroom in which he stood. What terrible
confessions must have been heard, what a procession of suffering,
ignominy, and wretchedness must have been witnessed by that woman who
received the children in her mysterious little office! To her all the
wreckage of the slums, all the woe lying beneath gilded life, all the
abominations, all the tortures that remain unknown, were carried. There
in her office was the port for the shipwrecked, there the black hole that
swallowed up the offspring of frailty and shame. And while Mathieu's
spell of waiting continued he saw three poor creatures arrive at the
hospital. One was surely a work-girl, delicate and pretty though she
looked, so thin, so pale too, and with so wild an air that he remembered
a paragraph he had lately read in a newspaper, recounting how another
such girl, after forsaking her child, had thrown herself into the river.
The second seemed to him to be a married woman, some workman's wife, no
doubt, overburdened with children and unable to provide food for another
mouth; while the third was tall, strong, and insolent,--one of those who
bring three or four children to the hospital one after the other. And all
three women plunged in, and he heard them being penned in separate
compartments by an attendant, while he, with stricken heart, realizing
how heavily fate fell on some, still stood there waiting.

  * The "slide" system, which enabled a mother to deposit her child
    at the hospital without being seen by those within, ceased to be
    employed officially as far back as 1847; but the apparatus was
    long preserved intact, and I recollect seeing it in the latter
    years of the Second Empire, _cir._ 1867-70, when I was often at
    the artists' studios in the neighborhood. The aperture through
    which children were deposited in the sliding-box was close to
    the little door of which M. Zola speaks.--Trans.

When La Couteau at last reappeared with empty arms she said never a word,
and Mathieu put no question to her. Still in silence, they took their
seats in the cab; and only some ten minutes afterwards, when the vehicle
was already rolling through bustling, populous streets, did the woman
begin to laugh. Then, as her companion, still silent and distant, did not
condescend to ask her the cause of her sudden gayety, she ended by saying

"Do you know why I am laughing? If I kept you waiting a bit longer, it
was because I met a friend of mine, an attendant in the house, just as I
left the office. She's one of those who put the babies out to nurse in
the provinces.* Well, my friend told me that she was going to Rougemont
to-morrow with two other attendants, and that among others they would
certainly have with them the little fellow I had just left at the

  * There are only about 600 beds at the Hopital des Enfants
    Assistes, and the majority of the children deposited there
    are perforce placed out to purse in the country.--Trans.

Again did she give vent to a dry laugh which distorted her wheedling
face. And she continued: "How comical, eh? The mother wouldn't let me
take the child to Rougemont, and now it's going there just the same. Ah!
some things are bound to happen in spite of everything."

Mathieu did not answer, but an icy chill had sped through his heart. It
was true, fate pitilessly took its own course. What would become of that
poor little fellow? To what early death, what life of suffering or
wretchedness, or even crime, had he been thus brutally cast?

But the cab continued rolling on, and for a long while neither Mathieu
nor La Couteau spoke again. It was only when the latter alighted in the
Rue de Miromesnil that she began to lament, on seeing that it was already
half-past five o'clock, for she felt certain that she would miss her
train, particularly as she still had some accounts to settle and that
other child upstairs to fetch. Mathieu, who had intended to keep the cab
and drive to the Northern terminus, then experienced a feeling of
curiosity, and thought of witnessing the departure of the nurse-agents.
So he calmed La Couteau by telling her that if she would make haste he
would wait for her. And as she asked for a quarter of an hour, it
occurred to him to speak to Norine again, and so he also went upstairs.

When he entered Norine's room he found her sitting up in bed, eating one
of the oranges which her little sisters had brought her. She had all the
greedy instincts of a plump, pretty girl; she carefully detached each
section of the orange, and, her eyes half closed the while, her flesh
quivering under her streaming outspread hair, she sucked one after
another with her fresh red lips, like a pet cat lapping a cup of milk.
Mathieu's sudden entry made her start, however, and when she recognized
him she smiled faintly in an embarrassed way.

"It's done," he simply said.

She did not immediately reply, but wiped her fingers on her handkerchief.
However, it was necessary that she should say something, and so she
began: "You did not tell me you would come back--I was not expecting you.
Well, it's done, and it's all for the best. I assure you there was no
means of doing otherwise."

Then she spoke of her departure, asked the young man if he thought she
might regain admittance to the works, and declared that in any case she
should go there to see if the master would have the audacity to turn her
away. Thus she continued while the minutes went slowly by. The
conversation had dropped, Mathieu scarcely replying to her, when La
Couteau, carrying the other child in her arms, at last darted in like a
gust of wind. "Let's make haste, let's make haste!" she cried. "They
never end with their figures; they try all they can to leave me without a
copper for myself!"

But Norine detained her, asking: "Oh! is that Rosine's baby? Pray do show
it me." Then she uncovered the infant's face, and exclaimed: "Oh! how
plump and pretty he is!" And she began another sentence: "What a pity!
Can one have the heart--" But then she remembered, paused, and changed
her words: "Yes, how heartrending it is when one has to forsake such
little angels."

"Good-by! Take care of yourself!" cried La Couteau; "you will make me
miss my train. And I've got the return tickets, too; the five others are
waiting for me at the station! Ah! what a fuss they would make if I got
there too late!"

Then, followed by Mathieu, she hurried away, bounding down the stairs,
where she almost fell with her little burden. But soon she threw herself
back in the cab, which rolled off.

"Ah! that's a good job! And what do you say of that young person,
monsieur? She wouldn't lay out fifteen francs a month on her own account,
and yet she reproaches that good Mademoiselle Rosine, who has just given
me four hundred francs to have her little one taken care of till his
first communion. Just look at him--a superb child, isn't he? What a pity
it is that the finest are often those who die the first."

Mathieu looked at the infant on the woman's knees. His garments were very
white, of fine texture, trimmed with lace, as if he were some little
condemned prince being taken in all luxury to execution. And the young
man remembered that Norine had told him that the child was the offspring
of crime. Born amid secrecy, he was now, for a fixed sum, to be handed
over to a woman who would quietly suppress him by simply leaving some
door or window wide open. Young though the boy was, he already had a
finely-formed face, that suggested the beauty of a cherub. And he was
very well behaved; he did not raise the faintest wail. But a shudder
swept through Mathieu. How abominable!

La Couteau quickly sprang from the cab as soon as they reached the
courtyard of the St. Lazare Station. "Thank you, monsieur, you have been
very kind," said she. "And if you will kindly recommend me to any ladies
you may know, I shall be quite at their disposal."

Then Mathieu, having alighted on the pavement in his turn, saw a scene
which detained him there a few moments longer. Amid all the scramble of
passengers and luggage, five women of peasant aspect, each carrying an
infant, were darting in a scared, uneasy way hither and thither, like
crows in trouble, with big yellow beaks quivering and black wings
flapping with anxiety. Then, on perceiving La Couteau, there was one
general caw, and all five swooped down upon her with angry, voracious
mien. And, after a furious exchange of cries and explanations, the six
banded themselves together, and, with cap-strings waving and skirts
flying, rushed towards the train, carrying the little ones, like birds of
prey who feared delay in returning to the charnel-house.

And Mathieu remained alone in the great crowd. Thus every year did these
crows of ill omen carry off from Paris no fewer than 20,000 children, who
were never, never seen again! Ah! that great question of the depopulation
of France! Not merely were there those who were resolved to have no
children, not only were infanticide and crime of other kinds rife upon
all sides, but one-half of the babes saved from those dangers were
killed. Thieves and murderesses, eager for lucre, flocked to the great
city from the four points of the compass, and bore away all the budding
Life that their arms could carry in order that they might turn it to
Death! They beat down the game, they watched in the doorways, they
sniffed from afar the innocent flesh on which they preyed. And the babes
were carted to the railway stations; the cradles, the wards of hospitals
and refuges, the wretched garrets of poor mothers, without fires and
without bread--all, all were emptied! And the packages were heaped up,
moved carelessly hither and thither, sent off, distributed to be murdered
either by foul deed or by neglect. The raids swept on like tempest
blasts; Death's scythe never knew dead season, at every hour it mowed
down budding life. Children who might well have lived were taken from
their mothers, the only nurses whose milk would have nourished them, to
be carted away and to die for lack of proper nutriment.

A rush of blood warmed Mathieu's heart when, all at once, he thought of
Marianne, so strong and healthy, who would be waiting for him on the
bridge over the Yeuse, in the open country, with their little Gervais at
her breast. Figures that he had seen in print came back to his mind. In
certain regions which devoted themselves to baby-farming the mortality
among the nurslings was fifty per cent; in the best of them it was forty,
and seventy in the worst. It was calculated that in one century seventeen
millions of nurslings had died. Over a long period the mortality had
remained at from one hundred to one hundred and twenty thousand per
annum. The most deadly reigns, the greatest butcheries of the most
terrible conquerors, had never resulted in such massacre. It was a giant
battle that France lost every year, the abyss into which her whole
strength sank, the charnel-place into which every hope was cast. At the
end of it is the imbecile death of the nation. And Mathieu, seized with
terror at the thought, rushed away, eager to seek consolation by the side
of Marianne, amid the peacefulness, the wisdom, and the health which were
their happy lot.


ONE Thursday morning Mathieu went to lunch with Dr. Boutan in the rooms
where the latter had resided for more than ten years, in the Rue de
l'Universite, behind the Palais-Bourbon. By a contradiction, at which he
himself often laughed, this impassioned apostle of fruitfulness had
remained a bachelor. His extensive practice kept him in a perpetual
hurry, and he had little time free beyond his dejeuner hour. Accordingly,
whenever a friend wished to have any serious conversation with him, he
preferred to invite him to his modest table, to partake more or less
hastily of an egg, a cutlet, and a cup of coffee.

Mathieu wished to ask the doctor's advice on a grave subject. After a
couple of weeks' reflection, his idea of experimenting in agriculture, of
extricating that unappreciated estate of Chantebled from chaos,
preoccupied him to such a degree that he positively suffered at not
daring to come to a decision. The imperious desire to create, to produce
life, health, strength, and wealth grew within him day by day. Yet what
fine courage and what a fund of hope he needed to venture upon an
enterprise which outwardly seemed so wild and rash, and the wisdom of
which was apparent to himself alone. With whom could he discuss such a
matter, to whom could he confide his doubts and hesitation? When the idea
of consulting Boutan occurred to him, he at once asked the doctor for an
appointment. Here was such a confidant as he desired, a man of broad,
brave mind, one who worshipped life, who was endowed with far-seeing
intelligence, and who would therefore at once look beyond the first
difficulties of execution.

As soon as they were face to face on either side of the table, Mathieu
began to pour forth his confession, recounting his dream--his poem, as he
called it. And the doctor listened without interrupting, evidently won
over by the young man's growing, creative emotion. When at last Boutan
had to express an opinion he replied: "_Mon Dieu_, my friend, I can tell
you nothing from a practical point of view, for I have never even planted
a lettuce. I will even add that your project seems to me so hazardous
that any one versed in these matters whom you might consult would
assuredly bring forward substantial and convincing arguments to dissuade
you. But you speak of this affair with such superb confidence and ardor
and affection, that I feel convinced you would succeed. Moreover, you
flatter my own views, for I have long endeavored to show that, if
numerous families are ever to flourish again in France, people must again
love and worship the soil, and desert the towns, and lead a fruitful
fortifying country life. So how can I disapprove your plans? Moreover, I
suspect that, like all people who ask advice, you simply came here in the
hope that you would find in me a brother ready, in principle at all
events, to wage the same battle."

At this they both laughed heartily. Then, on Boutan inquiring with what
capital he would start operations, Mathieu quietly explained that he did
not mean to borrow money and thus run into debt; he would begin, if
necessary, with very few acres indeed, convinced as he was of the
conquering power of labor. His would be the head, and he would assuredly
find the necessary arms. His only worry was whether he would be able to
induce Seguin to sell him the old hunting-box and the few acres round it
on a system of yearly payments, without preliminary disbursement. When he
spoke to the doctor on this subject, the other replied:

"Oh! I think he is very favorably disposed. I know that he would be
delighted to sell that huge, unprofitable estate, for with his increasing
pecuniary wants he is very much embarrassed by it. You are aware, no
doubt, that things are going from bad to worse in his household."

Then the doctor broke off to inquire: "And our friend Beauchene, have you
warned him of your intention to leave the works?"

"Why, no, not yet," said Mathieu; "and I would ask you to keep the matter
private, for I wish to have everything settled before informing him."

Lunching quickly, they had now got to their coffee, and the doctor
offered to drive Mathieu back to the works, as he was going there
himself, for Madame Beauchene had requested him to call once a week, in
order that he might keep an eye on Maurice's health. Not only did the lad
still suffer from his legs, but he had so weak and delicate a stomach
that he had to be dieted severely.

"It's the kind of stomach one finds among children who have not been
brought up by their own mothers," continued Boutan. "Your plucky wife
doesn't know that trouble; she can let her children eat whatever they
fancy. But with that poor little Maurice, the merest trifle, such as four
cherries instead of three, provokes indigestion. Well, so it is settled,
I will drive you back to the works. Only I must first make a call in the
Rue Roquepine to choose a nurse. It won't take me long, I hope. Quick!
let us be off."

When they were together in the brougham, Boutan told Mathieu that it was
precisely for the Seguins that he was going to the nurse-agency. There
was a terrible time at the house in the Avenue d'Antin. A few months
previously Valentine had given birth to a daughter, and her husband had
obstinately resolved to select a fit nurse for the child himself,
pretending that he knew all about such matters. And he had chosen a big,
sturdy young woman of monumental appearance. Nevertheless, for two months
past Andree, the baby, had been pining away, and the doctor had
discovered, by analyzing the nurse's milk, that it was deficient in
nutriment. Thus the child was simply perishing of starvation. To change a
nurse is a terrible thing, and the Seguins' house was in a tempestuous
state. The husband rushed hither and thither, banging the doors and
declaring that he would never more occupy himself about anything.

"And so," added Boutan, "I have now been instructed to choose a fresh
nurse. And it is a pressing matter, for I am really feeling anxious about
that poor little Andree."

"But why did not the mother nurse her child?" asked Mathieu.

The doctor made a gesture of despair. "Ah! my dear fellow, you ask me too
much. But how would you have a Parisienne of the wealthy bourgeoisie
undertake the duty, the long brave task of nursing a child, when she
leads the life she does, what with receptions and dinners and soirees,
and absences and social obligations of all sorts? That little Madame
Seguin is simply trifling when she puts on an air of deep distress and
says that she would so much have liked to nurse her infant, but that it
was impossible since she had no milk. She never even tried! When her
first child was born she could doubtless have nursed it. But to-day, with
the imbecile, spoilt life she leads, it is quite certain that she is
incapable of making such an effort. The worst is, my dear fellow, as any
doctor will tell you, that after three or four generations of mothers who
do not feed their children there comes a generation that cannot do so.
And so, my friend, we are fast coming, not only in France, but in other
countries where the odious wet-nurse system is in vogue, to a race of
wretched, degenerate women, who will be absolutely powerless to nourish
their offspring."

Mathieu then remembered what he had witnessed at Madame Bourdieu's and
the Foundling Hospital. And he imparted his impressions to Boutan, who
again made a despairing gesture. There was a great work of social
salvation to be accomplished, said he. No doubt a number of
philanthropists were trying their best to improve things, but private
effort could not cope with such widespread need. There must be general
measures; laws must be passed to save the nation. The mother must be
protected and helped, even in secrecy, if she asked for it; she must be
cared for, succored, from the earliest period, and right through all the
long months during which she fed her babe. All sorts of establishments
would have to be founded--refuges, convalescent homes, and so forth; and
there must be protective enactments, and large sums of money voted to
enable help to be extended to all mothers, whatever they might be. It was
only by such preventive steps that one could put a stop to the frightful
hecatomb of newly-born infants, that incessant loss of life which
exhausted the nation and brought it nearer and nearer to death every day.

"And," continued the doctor, "it may all be summed up in this verity: 'It
is a mother's duty to nurse her child.' And, besides, a mother, is she
not the symbol of all grandeur, all strength, all beauty? She represents
the eternity of life. She deserves a social culture, she should be
religiously venerated. When we know how to worship motherhood, our
country will be saved. And this is why, my friend, I should like a mother
feeding her babe to be adopted as the highest expression of human beauty.
Ah! how can one persuade our Parisiennes, all our French women, indeed,
that woman's beauty lies in being a mother with an infant on her knees?
Whenever that fashion prevails, we shall be the sovereign nation, the
masters of the world!"

He ended by laughing in a distressed way, in his despair at being unable
to change manners and customs, aware as he was that the nation could be
revolutionized only by a change in its ideal of true beauty.

"To sum up, then, I believe in a child being nursed only by its own
mother. Every mother who neglects that duty when she can perform it is a
criminal. Of course, there are instances when she is physically incapable
of accomplishing her duty, and in that case there is the feeding-bottle,
which, if employed with care and extreme cleanliness, only sterilized
milk being used, will yield a sufficiently good result. But to send a
child away to be nursed means almost certain death; and as for the nurse
in the house, that is a shameful transaction, a source of incalculable
evil, for both the employer's child and the nurse's child frequently die
from it."

Just then the doctor's brougham drew up outside the nurse-agency in the
Rue Roquepine.

"I dare say you have never been in such a place, although you are the
father of five children," said Boutan to Mathieu, gayly.

"No, I haven't."

"Well, then, come with me. One ought to know everything."

The office in the Rue Roquepine was the most important and the one with
the best reputation in the district. It was kept by Madame Broquette, a
woman of forty, with a dignified if somewhat blotched face, who was
always very tightly laced in a faded silk gown of dead-leaf hue. But if
she represented the dignity and fair fame of the establishment in its
intercourse with clients, the soul of the place, the ever-busy
manipulator, was her husband, Monsieur Broquette, a little man with a
pointed nose, quick eyes, and the agility of a ferret. Charged with the
police duties of the office, the supervision and training of the nurses,
he received them, made them clean themselves, taught them to smile and
put on pleasant ways, besides penning them in their various rooms and
preventing them from eating too much. From morn till night he was ever
prowling about, scolding and terrorizing those dirty, ill-behaved, and
often lying and thieving women. The building, a dilapidated private
house, with a damp ground floor, to which alone clients were admitted,
had two upper stories, each comprising six rooms arranged as dormitories,
in which the nurses and their infants slept. There was no end to the
arrivals and departures there: the peasant women were ever galloping
through the place, dragging trunks about, carrying babes in swaddling
clothes, and filling the rooms and the passages with wild cries and vile
odors. And amid all this the house had another inmate, Mademoiselle
Broquette, Herminie as she was called, a long, pale, bloodless girl of
fifteen, who mooned about languidly among that swarm of sturdy young

Boutan, who knew the house well, went in, followed by Mathieu. The
central passage, which was fairly broad, ended in a glass door, which
admitted one to a kind of courtyard, where a sickly conifer stood on a
round patch of grass, which the dampness rotted. On the right of the
passage was the office, whither Madame Broquette, at the request of her
customers, summoned the nurses, who waited in a neighboring room, which
was simply furnished with a greasy deal table in the centre. The
furniture of the office was some old Empire stuff, upholstered in red
velvet. There was a little mahogany centre table, and a gilt clock. Then,
on the left of the passage, near the kitchen, was the general refectory,
with two long tables, covered with oilcloth, and surrounded by straggling
chairs, whose straw seats were badly damaged. Just a make-believe sweep
with a broom was given there every day: one could divine long-amassed,
tenacious dirt in every dim corner; and the place reeked with an odor of
bad cookery mingled with that of sour milk.

When Boutan thrust open the office door he saw that Madame Broquette was
busy with an old gentleman, who sat there inspecting a party of nurses.
She recognized the doctor, and made a gesture of regret. "No matter, no
matter," he exclaimed; "I am not in a hurry: I will wait."

Through the open door Mathieu had caught sight of Mademoiselle Herminie,
the daughter of the house, ensconced in one of the red velvet armchairs
near the window, and dreamily perusing a novel there, while her mother,
standing up, extolled her goods in her most dignified way to the old
gentleman, who gravely contemplated the procession of nurses and seemed
unable to make up his mind.

"Let us have a look at the garden," said the doctor, with a laugh.

One of the boasts of the establishment, indeed, as set forth in its
prospectus, was a garden and a tree in it, as if there were plenty of
good air there, as in the country. They opened the glass door, and on a
bench near the tree they saw a plump girl, who doubtless had just
arrived, pretending to clean a squealing infant. She herself looked
sordid, and had evidently not washed since her journey. In one corner
there was an overflow of kitchen utensils, a pile of cracked pots and
greasy and rusty saucepans. Then, at the other end, a French window gave
access to the nurses' waiting-room, and here again there was a nauseous
spectacle of dirt and untidiness.

All at once Monsieur Broquette darted forward, though whence he had come
it was hard to say. At all events, he had seen Boutan, who was a client
that needed attention. "Is my wife busy, then?" said he. "I cannot allow
you to remain waiting here, doctor. Come, come, I pray you."

With his little ferreting eyes he had caught sight of the dirty girl
cleaning the child, and he was anxious that his visitors should see
nothing further of a character to give them a bad impression of the
establishment. "Pray, doctor, follow me," he repeated, and understanding
that an example was necessary, he turned to the girl, exclaiming, "What
business have you to be here? Why haven't you gone upstairs to wash and
dress? I shall fling a pailful of water in your face if you don't hurry
off and tidy yourself."

Then he forced her to rise and drove her off, all scared and terrified,
in front of him. When she had gone upstairs he led the two gentlemen to
the office entrance and began to complain: "Ah! doctor, if you only knew
what trouble I have even to get those girls to wash their hands! We who
are so clean! who put all our pride in keeping the house clean. If ever a
speck of dust is seen anywhere it is certainly not my fault."

Since the girl had gone upstairs a fearful tumult had arisen on the upper
floors, whence also a vile smell descended. Some dispute, some battle,
seemed to be in progress. There were shouts and howls, followed by a
furious exchange of vituperation.

"Pray excuse me," at last exclaimed Monsieur Broquette; "my wife will
receive you in a minute."

Thereupon he slipped off and flew up the stairs with noiseless agility.
And directly afterwards there was an explosion. Then the house suddenly
sank into death-like silence. All that could be heard was the voice of
Madame in the office, as, in a very dignified manner, she kept on
praising her goods.

"Well, my friend," said Boutan to Mathieu, while they walked up and down
the passage, "all this, the material side of things, is nothing. What you
should see and know is what goes on in the minds of all these people. And
note that this is a fair average place. There are others which are real
dens, and which the police sometimes have to close. No doubt there is a
certain amount of supervision, and there are severe regulations which
compel the nurses to bring certificates of morality, books setting forth
their names, ages, parentage, the situations they have held, and so on,
with other documents on which they have immediately to secure a signature
from the Prefecture, where the final authorization is granted them. But
these precautions don't prevent fraud and deceit of various kinds. The
women assert that they have only recently begun nursing, when they have
been doing it for months; they show you superb children which they have
borrowed and which they assert to be their own. And there are many other
tricks to which they resort in their eagerness to make money."

As the doctor and Mathieu chatted on, they paused for a moment near the
door of the refectory, which chanced to be open, and there, among other
young peasant women, they espied La Couteau hastily partaking of cold
meat. Doubtless she had just arrived from Rougemont, and, after disposing
of the batch of nurses she had brought with her, was seeking sustenance
for the various visits which she would have to make before returning
home. The refectory, with its wine-stained tables and greasy walls, cast
a smell like that of a badly-kept sink.

"Ah! so you know La Couteau!" exclaimed Boutan, when Mathieu had told him
of his meetings with the woman. "Then you know the depths of crime. La
Couteau is an ogress! And yet, think of it, with our fine social
organization, she is more or less useful, and perhaps I myself shall be
happy to choose one of the nurses that she has brought with her."

At this moment Madame Broquette very amiably asked the visitors into her
office. After long reflection, the old gentleman had gone off without
selecting any nurse, but saying that he would return some other time.

"There are folks who don't know their own minds," said Madame Broquette
sententiously. "It isn't my fault, and I sincerely beg you to excuse me,
doctor. If you want a good nurse you will be satisfied, for I have just
received some excellent ones from the provinces. I will show you."

Herminie, meanwhile, had not condescended to raise her nose from her
novel. She remained ensconced in her armchair, still reading, with a
weary, bored expression on her anaemic countenance. Mathieu, after
sitting down a little on one side, contented himself with looking on,
while Boutan stood erect, attentive to every detail, like a commander
reviewing his troops. And the procession began.

Having opened a door which communicated with the common room, Madame
Broquette, assuming the most noble airs, leisurely introduced the pick of
her nurses, in groups of three, each with her infant in her arms. About a
dozen were thus inspected: short ones with big heavy limbs, tall ones
suggesting maypoles, dark ones with coarse stiff hair, fair ones with the
whitest of skins, quick ones and slow ones, ugly ones and others who were
pleasant-looking. All, however, wore the same nervous, silly smile, all
swayed themselves with embarrassed timidity, the anxious mien of the
bondswoman at the slave market, who fears that she may not find a
purchaser. They clumsily tried to put on graceful ways, radiant with
internal joy directly a customer seemed to nibble, but clouding over and
casting black glances at their companions when the latter seemed to have
the better chance. Out of the dozen the doctor began by setting three
aside, and finally he detained but one, in order that he might study her
more fully.

"One can see that Monsieur le Docteur knows his business," Madame
Broquette allowed herself to say, with a flattering smile. "I don't often
have such pearls. But she has only just arrived, otherwise she would
probably have been engaged already. I can answer for her as I could for
myself, for I have put her out before."

The nurse was a dark woman of about twenty-six, of average height, built
strongly enough, but having a heavy, common face with a hard-looking jaw.
Having already been in service, however, she held herself fairly well.

"So that child is not your first one?" asked the doctor.

"No, monsieur, he's my third."

Then Boutan inquired into her circumstances, studied her papers, took her
into Madame Broquette's private room for examination, and on his return
make a minute inspection of her child, a strong plump boy, some three
months old, who in the interval had remained very quiet on an armchair.
The doctor seemed satisfied, but he suddenly raised his head to ask, "And
that child is really your own?"

"Oh! monsieur, where could I have got him otherwise?"

"Oh! my girl, children are borrowed, you know."

Then he paused for a moment, still hesitating and looking at the young
woman, embarrassed by some feeling of doubt, although she seemed to
embody all requirements. "And are you all quite well in your family?" he
asked; "have none of your relatives ever died of chest complaints?"

"Never, monsieur."

"Well, of course you would not tell me if they had. Your books ought to
contain a page for information of that kind. And you, are you of sober
habits? You don't drink?"

"Oh! monsieur."

This time the young woman bristled up, and Boutan had to calm her. Then
her face brightened with pleasure as soon as the doctor--with the gesture
of a man who is taking his chance, for however careful one may be there
is always an element of chance in such matters--said to her: "Well, it is
understood, I engage you. If you can send your child away at once, you
can go this evening to the address I will give you. Let me see, what is
your name?"

"Marie Lebleu."

Madame Broquette, who, without presuming to interfere with a doctor, had
retained her majestic air which so fully proclaimed the high
respectability of her establishment, now turned towards her daughter:
"Herminie, go to see if Madame Couteau is still there."

Then, as the girl slowly raised her pale dreamy eyes without stirring
from her chair, her mother came to the conclusion that she had better
execute the commission herself. A moment later she came back with La

The doctor was now settling money matters. Eighty francs a month for the
nurse; and forty-five francs for her board and lodging at the agency and
Madame Broquette's charges. Then there was the question of her child's
return to the country, which meant another thirty francs, without
counting a gratuity to La Couteau.

"I'm going back this evening," said the latter; "I'm quite willing to
take the little one with me. In the Avenue d'Antin, did you say? Oh! I
know, there's a lady's maid from my district in that house. Marie can go
there at once. When I've settled my business, in a couple of hours, I
will go and rid her of her baby."

On entering the office, La Couteau had glanced askance at Mathieu,
without, however, appearing to recognize him. He had remained on his
chair silently watching the scene--first an inspection as of cattle at a
market, and then a bargaining, the sale of a mother's milk. And by
degrees pity and revolt had filled his heart. But a shudder passed
through him when La Couteau turned towards the quiet, fine-looking child,
of which she promised to rid the nurse. And once more he pictured her
with her five companions at the St.-Lazare railway station, each, like
some voracious crow, with a new-born babe in her clutches. It was the
pillaging beginning afresh; life and hope were again being stolen from
Paris. And this time, as the doctor said, a double murder was threatened;
for, however careful one may be, the employer's child often dies from
another's milk, and the nurse's child, carried back into the country like
a parcel, is killed with neglect and indigestible pap.

But everything was now settled, and so the doctor and his companion drove
away to Grenelle. And there, at the very entrance of the Beauchene works,
came a meeting which again filled Mathieu with emotion. Morange, the
accountant, was returning to his work after dejeuner, accompanied by his
daughter Reine, both of them dressed in deep mourning. On the morrow of
Valerie's funeral, Morange had returned to his work in a state of
prostration which almost resembled forgetfulness. It was clear that he
had abandoned all ambitious plans of quitting the works to seek a big
fortune elsewhere. Still he could not make up his mind to leave his flat,
though it was now too large for him, besides being too expensive. But
then his wife had lived in those rooms, and he wished to remain in them.
And, moreover, he desired to provide his daughter with all comfort. All
the affection of his weak heart was now given to that child, whose
resemblance to her mother distracted him. He would gaze at her for hours
with tears in his eyes. A great passion was springing up within him; his
one dream now was to dower her richly and seek happiness through her, if
indeed he could ever be happy again. Thus feelings of avarice had come to
him; he economized with respect to everything that was not connected with
her, and secretly sought supplementary work in order that he might give
her more luxury and increase her dower. Without her he would have died of
weariness and self-abandonment. She was indeed fast becoming his very

"Why, yes," said she with a pretty smile, in answer to a question which
Boutan put to her, "it is I who have brought poor papa back. I wanted to
be sure that he would take a stroll before setting to work again. Other
wise he shuts himself up in his room and doesn't stir."

Morange made a vague apologetic gesture. At home, indeed, overcome as he
was by grief and remorse, he lived in his bedroom in the company of a
collection of his wife's portraits, some fifteen photographs, showing her
at all ages, which he had hung on the walls.

"It is very fine to-day, Monsieur Morange," said Boutan, "you do right in
taking a stroll."

The unhappy man raised his eyes in astonishment, and glanced at the sun
as if he had not previously noticed it. "That is true, it is fine
weather--and besides it is very good for Reine to go out a little."

Then he tenderly gazed at her, so charming, so pink and white in her
black mourning gown. He was always fearing that she must feel bored
during the long hours when he left her at home, alone with the servant.
To him solitude was so distressful, so full of the wife whom he mourned,
and whom he accused himself of having killed.

"Papa won't believe that one never feels _ennui_ at my age," said the
girl gayly. "Since my poor mamma is no longer there, I must needs be a
little woman. And, besides, the Baroness sometimes calls to take me out."

Then she gave a shrill cry on seeing a brougham draw up close to the
curb. A woman was leaning out of the window, and she recognized her.

"Why, papa, there is the Baroness! She must have gone to our house, and
Clara must have told her that I had accompanied you here."

This, indeed, was what had happened. Morange hastily led Reine to the
carriage, from which Seraphine did not alight. And when his daughter had
sprung in joyously, he remained there another moment, effusively thanking
the Baroness, and delighted to think that his dear child was going to
amuse herself. Then, after watching the brougham till it disappeared, he
entered the factory, looking suddenly aged and shrunken, as if his grief
had fallen on his shoulders once more, so overwhelming him that he quite
forgot the others, and did not even take leave of them.

"Poor fellow!" muttered Mathieu, who had turned icy cold on seeing
Seraphine's bright mocking face and red hair at the carriage window.

Then he was going to his office when Beauchene beckoned to him from one
of the windows of the house to come in with the doctor. The pair of them
found Constance and Maurice in the little drawing-room, whither the
father had repaired to finish his coffee and smoke a cigar. Boutan
immediately attended to the child, who was much better with respect to
his legs, but who still suffered from stomachic disturbance, the
slightest departure from the prescribed diet leading to troublesome

Constance, though she did not confess it, had become really anxious about
the boy, and questioned the doctor, and listened to him with all
eagerness. While she was thus engaged Beauchene drew Mathieu on one side.

"I say," he began, laughing, "why did you not tell me that everything was
finished over yonder? I met the pretty blonde in the street yesterday."

Mathieu quietly replied that he had waited to be questioned in order to
render an account of his mission, for he had not cared to be the first to
raise such a painful subject. The money handed to him for expenses had
proved sufficient, and whenever the other desired it, he could produce
receipts for his various disbursements. He was already entering into
particulars when Beauchene jovially interrupted him.

"You know what happened here? She had the audacity to come and ask for
work, not of me of course, but of the foreman of the women's work-room.
Fortunately I had foreseen this and had given strict orders; so the
foreman told her that considerations of order and discipline prevented
him from taking her back. Her sister Euphrasie, who is to be married next
week, is still working here. Just fancy them having another set-to!
Besides, her place is not here."

Then he went to take a little glass of cognac which stood on the

Mathieu had learnt only the day before that Norine, on leaving Madame
Bourdieu's, had sought a temporary refuge with a female friend, not
caring to resume a life of quarrelling at her parents' home. Besides her
attempt to regain admittance at Beauchene's, she had applied at two other
establishments; but, as a matter of fact, she did not evince any
particular ardor in seeking to obtain work. Four months' idleness and
coddling had altogether disgusted her with a factory hand's life, and the
inevitable was bound to happen. Indeed Beauchene, as he came back sipping
his cognac, resumed: "Yes, I met her in the street. She was quite smartly
dressed, and leaning on the arm of a big, bearded young fellow, who did
nothing but make eyes at her. It was certain to come to that, you know. I
always thought so."

Then he was stepping towards his wife and the doctor, when he remembered
something else, came back, and asked Mathieu in a yet lower tone, "What
was it you were telling me about the child?" And as soon as Mathieu had
related that he had taken the infant to the Foundling Hospital so as to
be certain that it was deposited there, he warmly pressed his hand.
"That's perfect. Thank you, my dear fellow; I shall be at peace now."

He felt, indeed, intensely relieved, hummed a lively air, and then took
his stand before Constance, who was still consulting the doctor. She was
holding little Maurice against her knees, and gazing at him with the
jealous love of a good bourgeoise, who carefully watched over the health
of her only son, that son whom she wished to make a prince of industry
and wealth. All at once, however, in reply to a remark from Boutan, she
exclaimed: "Why then, doctor, you think me culpable? You really say that
a child, nursed by his mother, always has a stronger constitution than
others, and can the better resist the ailments of childhood?"

"Oh! there is no doubt of it, madame."

Beauchene, ceasing to chew his cigar, shrugged his shoulders, and burst
into a sonorous laugh: "Oh! don't you worry, that youngster will live to
be a hundred! Why, the Burgundian who nursed him was as strong as a rock!
But, I say, doctor, you intend then to make the Chambers pass a law for
obligatory nursing by mothers?"

At this sally Boutan also began to laugh. "Well, why not?" said he.

This at once supplied Beauchene with material for innumerable jests. Why,
such a law would completely upset manners and customs, social life would
be suspended, and drawing-rooms would become deserted! Posters would be
placarded everywhere bearing the inscription: "Closed on account of

"Briefly," said Beauchene, in conclusion, "you want to have a

"A revolution, yes," the doctor gently replied, "and we will effect it."


MATHIEU finished studying his great scheme, the clearing and cultivation
of Chantebled, and at last, contrary to all prudence but with all the
audacity of fervent faith and hope, it was resolved upon. He warned
Beauchene one morning that he should leave the works at the end of the
month, for on the previous day he had spoken to Seguin, and had found him
quite willing to sell the little pavilion and some fifty acres around it
on very easy terms. As Mathieu had imagined, Seguin's affairs were in a
very muddled state, for he had lost large sums at the gaming table and
spent money recklessly on women, leading indeed a most disastrous life
since trouble had arisen in his home. And so he welcomed the transaction
which Mathieu proposed to him, in the hope that the young man would end
by ridding him of the whole of that unprofitable estate should his first
experiment prove successful. Then came other interviews between them, and
Seguin finally consented to sell on a system of annual payments, spread
over a term of years, the first to be made in two years' time from that
date. As things stood, the property seemed likely to remain
unremunerative forever, and so there was nothing risked in allowing the
purchaser a couple of years' credit. However, they agreed to meet once
more and settle the final details before a formal deed of sale was drawn
up. And one Monday morning, therefore, about ten o'clock, Mathieu set out
for the house in the Avenue d'Antin in order to complete the business.

That morning, as it happened, Celeste the maid received in the linen
room, where she usually remained, a visit from her friend Madame Menoux,
the little haberdasher of the neighborhood, in whose tiny shop she was so
fond of gossiping. They had become more intimate than ever since La
Couteau, at Celeste's instigation, had taken Madame Menoux's child,
Pierre, to Rougemont, to be put out to nurse there in the best possible
way for the sum of thirty francs a month. La Couteau had also very
complaisantly promised to call each month at one or another of her
journeys in order to receive the thirty francs, thereby saving the mother
the trouble of sending the money by post, and also enabling her to obtain
fresh news of her child. Thus, each time a payment became due, if La
Couteau's journey happened to be delayed a single day, Madame Menoux grew
terribly frightened, and hastened off to Celeste to make inquiries of
her. And, moreover, she was glad to have an opportunity of conversing
with this girl, who came from the very part where her little Pierre was
being reared.

"You will excuse, me, won't you, mademoiselle, for calling so early,"
said she, "but you told me that your lady never required you before nine
o'clock. And I've come, you know, because I've had no news from over
yonder, and it occurred to me that you perhaps might have received a

Blonde, short and thin, Madame Menoux, who was the daughter of a poor
clerk, had a slender pale face, and a pleasant, but somewhat sad,
expression. From her own slightness of build probably sprang her
passionate admiration for her big, handsome husband, who could have
crushed her between his fingers. If she was slight, however, she was
endowed with unconquerable tenacity and courage, and she would have
killed herself with hard work to provide him with the coffee and cognac
which he liked to sip after each repast.

"Ah! it's hard," she continued, "to have had to send our Pierre so far
away. As it is, I don't see my husband all day, and now I've a child whom
I never see at all. But the misfortune is that one has to live, and how
could I have kept the little fellow in that tiny shop of mine, where from
morning till night I never have a moment to spare! Yet, I can't help
crying at the thought that I wasn't able to keep and nurse him. When my
husband comes home from the museum every evening, we do nothing but talk
about him, like a pair of fools. And so, according to you, mademoiselle,
that place Rougemont is very healthy, and there are never any nasty
illnesses about there?"

But at this moment she was interrupted by the arrival of another early
visitor, whose advent she hailed with a cry of delight.

"Oh! how happy I am to see you, Madame Couteau! What a good idea it was
of mine to call here!"

Amid exclamations of joyous surprise, the nurse-agent explained that she
had arrived by the night train with a batch of nurses, and had started on
her round of visits as soon as she had deposited them in the Rue

"After bidding Celeste good-day in passing," said she, "I intended to
call on you, my dear lady. But since you are here, we can settle our
accounts here, if you are agreeable."

Madame Menoux, however, was looking at her very anxiously. "And how is my
little Pierre?" she asked.

"Why, not so bad, not so bad. He is not, you know, one of the strongest;
one can't say that he's a big child. Only he's so pretty and nice-looking
with his rather pale face. And it's quite certain that if there are
bigger babies than he is, there are smaller ones too."

She spoke more slowly as she proceeded, and carefully sought words which
might render the mother anxious, without driving her to despair. These
were her usual tactics in order to disturb her customers' hearts, and
then extract as much money from them as possible. On this occasion she
must have guessed that she might carry things so far as to ascribe a
slight illness to the child.

"However, I must really tell you, because I don't know how to lie; and
besides, after all, it's my duty--Well, the poor little darling has been
ill, and he's not quite well again yet."

Madame Menoux turned very pale and clasped her puny little hands: "_Mon
Dieu_! he will die of it."

"No, no, since I tell you that he's already a little better. And
certainly he doesn't lack good care. You should just see how La Loiseau
coddles him! When children are well behaved they soon get themselves
loved. And the whole house is at his service, and no expense is spared
The doctor came twice, and there was even some medicine. And that costs

The last words fell from La Couteau's lips with the weight of a club.
Then, without leaving the scared, trembling mother time to recover, the
nurse-agent continued: "Shall we go into our accounts, my dear lady?"

Madame Menoux, who had intended to make a payment before returning to her
shop, was delighted to have some money with her. They looked for a slip
of paper on which to set down the figures; first the month's nursing,
thirty francs; then the doctor, six francs; and indeed, with the
medicine, that would make ten francs.

"Ah! and besides, I meant to tell you," added La Couteau, "that so much
linen was dirtied during his illness that you really ought to add three
francs for the soap. That would only be just; and besides, there were
other little expenses, sugar, and eggs, so that in your place, to act
like a good mother, I should put down five francs. Forty-five francs
altogether, will that suit you?"

In spite of her emotion Madame Menoux felt that she was being robbed,
that the other was speculating on her distress. She made a gesture of
surprise and revolt at the idea of having to give so much money--that
money which she found so hard to earn. No end of cotton and needles had
to be sold to get such a sum together! And her distress, between the
necessity of economy on the one hand and her maternal anxiety on the
other, would have touched the hardest heart.

"But that will make another half-month's money," said she.

At this La Couteau put on her most frigid air: "Well, what would you
have? It isn't my fault. One can't let your child die, so one must incur
the necessary expenses. And then, if you haven't confidence in me, say
so; send the money and settle things direct. Indeed, that will greatly
relieve me, for in all this I lose my time and trouble; but then, I'm
always stupid enough to be too obliging."

When Madame Menoux, again quivering and anxious, had given way, another
difficulty arose. She had only some gold with her, two twenty-franc
pieces and one ten-franc piece. The three coins lay glittering on the
table. La Couteau looked at them with her yellow fixed eyes.

"Well, I can't give you your five francs change," she said, "I haven't
any change with me. And you, Celeste, have you any change for this lady?"

She risked asking this question, but put it in such a tone and with such
a glance that the other immediately understood her. "I have not a copper
in my pocket," she replied.

Deep silence fell. Then, with bleeding heart and a gesture of cruel
resignation, Madame Menoux did what was expected of her.

"Keep those five francs for yourself, Madame Couteau, since you have to
take so much trouble. And, _mon Dieu_! may all this money bring me good
luck, and at least enable my poor little fellow to grow up a fine
handsome man like his father."

"Oh! as for that I'll warrant it," cried the other, with enthusiasm.
"Those little ailments don't mean anything--on the contrary. I see plenty
of little folks, I do; and so just remember what I tell you, yours will
become an extraordinarily fine child. There won't be better."

When Madame Menoux went off, La Couteau had lavished such flattery and
such promises upon her that she felt quite light and gay; no longer
regretting her money, but dreaming of the day when little Pierre would
come back to her with plump cheeks and all the vigor of a young oak.

As soon as the door had closed behind the haberdasher, Celeste began to
laugh in her impudent way: "What a lot of fibs you told her! I don't
believe that her child so much as caught a cold," she exclaimed.

La Couteau began by assuming a dignified air: "Say that I'm a liar at
once. The child isn't well, I assure you."

The maid's gayety only increased at this. "Well now, you are really
comical, putting on such airs with me. I know you, remember, and I know
what is meant when the tip of your nose begins to wriggle."

"The child is quite puny," repeated her friend, more gently.

"Oh! I can believe that. All the same I should like to see the doctor's
prescriptions, and the soap and the sugar. But, you know, I don't care a
button about the matter. As for that little Madame Menoux, it's here
to-day and gone to-morrow. She has her business, and I have mine. And
you, too, have yours, and so much the better if you get as much out of it
as you can."

But La Couteau changed the conversation by asking the maid if she could
not give her a drop of something to drink, for night travelling did upset
her stomach so. Thereupon Celeste, with a laugh, took a bottle half-full
of malaga and a box of biscuits from the bottom of a cupboard. This was
her little secret store, stolen from the still-room. Then, as the other
expressed a fear that her mistress might surprise them, she made a
gesture of insolent contempt. Her mistress! Why, she had her nose in her
basins and perfumery pots, and wasn't at all likely to call till she had
fixed herself up so as to look pretty.

"There are only the children to fear," added Celeste; "that Gaston and
that Lucie, a couple of brats who are always after one because their
parents never trouble about them, but let them come and play here or in
the kitchen from morning till night. And I don't dare lock this door, for
fear they should come rapping and kicking at it."

When, by way of precaution, she had glanced down the passage and they had
both seated themselves at table, they warmed and spoke out their minds,
soon reaching a stage of easy impudence and saying everything as if quite
unconscious how abominable it was. While sipping her wine Celeste asked
for news of the village, and La Couteau spoke the brutal truth, between
two biscuits. It was at the Vimeux' house that the servant's last child,
born in La Rouche's den, had died a fortnight after arriving at
Rougemont, and the Vimeux, who were more or less her cousins, had sent
her their friendly remembrances and the news that they were about to
marry off their daughter. Then, at La Gavette's, the old grandfather, who
looked after the nurslings while the family was at work in the fields,
had fallen into the fire with a baby in his arms. Fortunately they had
been pulled out of it, and only the little one had been roasted. La
Cauchois, though at heart she wasn't downcast, now had some fears that
she might be worried, because four little ones had gone off from her
house all in a body, a window being forgetfully left open at night-time.
They were all four little Parisians, it seemed--two foundlings and two
that had come from Madame Bourdieu's. Since the beginning of the year as
many had died at Rougemont as had arrived there, and the mayor had
declared that far too many were dying, and that the village would end by
getting a bad reputation. One thing was certain, La Couillard would be
the very first to receive a visit from the gendarmes if she didn't so
arrange matters as to keep at least one nursling alive every now and

"Ah? that Couillard!" added the nurse-agent. "Just fancy, my dear, I took
her a child, a perfect little angel--the boy of a very pretty young
person who was stopping at Madame Bourdieu's. She paid four hundred
francs to have him brought up until his first communion, and he lived
just five days! Really now, that wasn't long enough! La Couillard need
not have been so hasty. It put me in such a temper! I asked her if she
wanted to dishonor me. What will ruin me is my good heart. I don't know
how to refuse when folks ask me to do them a service. And God in Heaven
knows how fond I am of children! I've always lived among them, and in
future, if anybody who's a friend of mine gives me a child to put out to
nurse, I shall say: 'We won't take the little one to La Couillard, for it
would be tempting Providence. But after all, I'm an honest woman, and I
wash my hands of it, for if I do take the cherubs over yonder I don't
nurse them. And when one's conscience is at ease one can sleep quietly.'"

"Of course," chimed in Celeste, with an air of conviction.

While they thus waxed maudlin over their malaga, there arose a horrible
red vision--a vision of that terrible Rougemont, paved with little
Parisians, the filthy, bloody village, the charnel-place of cowardly
murder, whose steeple pointed so peacefully to the skies in the midst of
the far-spreading plain.

But all at once a rush was heard in the passage, and the servant hastened
to the door to rid herself of Gaston and Lucie, who were approaching. "Be
off! I don't want you here. Your mamma has told you that you mustn't come

Then she came back into the room quite furious. "That's true!" said she;
"I can do nothing but they must come to bother me. Why don't they stay a
little with the nurse?"

"Oh! by the way," interrupted La Couteau, "did you hear that Marie
Lebleu's little one is dead? She must have had a letter about it. Such a
fine child it was! But what can one expect? it's a nasty wind passing.
And then you know the saying, 'A nurse's child is the child of

"Yes, she told me she had heard of it," replied Celeste, "but she begged
me not to mention it to madame, as such things always have a bad effect.
The worst is that if her child's dead madame's little one isn't much
better off."

At this La Couteau pricked up her ears. "Ah! so things are not

"No, indeed. It isn't on account of her milk; that's good enough, and she
has plenty of it. Only you never saw such a creature--such a temper!
always brutal and insolent, banging the doors and talking of smashing
everything at the slightest word. And besides, she drinks like a pig--as
no woman ought to drink."

La Couteau's pale eyes sparkled with gayety, and she briskly nodded her
head as if to say that she knew all this and had been expecting it. In
that part of Normandy, in and around Rougemont, all the women drank more
or less, and the girls even carried little bottles of brandy to school
with them in their baskets. Marie Lebleu, however, was a woman of the
kind that one picks up under the table, and, indeed, it might be said
that since the birth of her last child she had never been quite sober.

"I know her, my dear," exclaimed La Couteau; "she is impossible. But
then, that doctor who chose her didn't ask my opinion. And, besides, it
isn't a matter that concerns me. I simply bring her to Paris and take her
child back to the country. I know nothing about anything else. Let the
gentlefolks get out of their trouble by themselves."

This sentiment tickled Celeste, who burst out laughing. "You haven't an
idea," said she, "of the infernal life that Marie leads here! She fights
people, she threw a water-bottle at the coachman, she broke a big vase in
madame's apartments, she makes them all tremble with constant dread that
something awful may happen. And, then, if you knew what tricks she plays
to get something to drink! For it was found out that she drank, and all
the liqueurs were put under lock and key. So you don't know what she
devised? Well, last week she drained a whole bottle of Eau de Melisse,
and was ill, quite ill, from it. Another time she was caught sipping some
Eau de Cologne from one of the bottles in madame's dressing-room. I now
really believe that she treats herself to some of the spirits of wine
that are given her for the warmer!--it's enough to make one die of
laughing. I'm always splitting my sides over it, in my little corner."

Then she laughed till the tears came into her eyes; and La Couteau, on
her side highly amused, began to wriggle with a savage delight. All at
once, however, she calmed down and exclaimed, "But, I say, they will turn
her out of doors?"

"Oh! that won't be long. They would have done so already if they had

But at this moment the ringing of a bell was heard, and an oath escaped
Celeste. "Good! there's madame ringing for me now! One can never be at
peace for a moment."

La Couteau, however, was already standing up, quite serious, intent on
business and ready to depart.

"Come, little one, don't be foolish, you must do your work. For my part I
have an idea. I'll run to fetch one of the nurses whom I brought this
morning, a girl I can answer for as for myself. In an hour's time I'll be
back here with her, and there will be a little present for you if you
help me to get her the situation."

She disappeared while the maid, before answering a second ring, leisurely
replaced the malaga and the biscuits at the bottom of the cupboard.

At ten o'clock that day Seguin was to take his wife and their friend
Santerre to Mantes, to lunch there, by way of trying an electric
motor-car, which he had just had built at considerable expense. He had
become fond of this new "sport," less from personal taste, however, than
from his desire to be one of the foremost in taking up a new fashion. And
a quarter of an hour before the time fixed for starting he was already in
his spacious "cabinet," arrayed in what he deemed an appropriate costume:
a jacket and breeches of greenish ribbed velvet, yellow shoes, and a
little leather hat. And he poked fun at Santerre when the latter
presented himself in town attire, a light gray suit of delicate effect.

Soon after Valentine had given birth to her daughter Andree, the novelist
had again become a constant frequenter of the house in the Avenue
d'Antin. He was intent on resuming the little intrigue that he had begun
there and felt confident of victory. Valentine, on her side, after a
period of terror followed by great relief, had set about making up for
lost time, throwing herself more wildly than ever into the vortex of
fashionable life. She had recovered her good looks and youthfulness, and
had never before experienced such a desire to divert herself, leaving her
children more and more to the care of servants, and going about, hither
and thither, as her fancy listed, particularly since her husband did the
same in his sudden fits of jealousy and brutality, which broke out every
now and again in the most imbecile fashion without the slightest cause.
It was the collapse of all family life, with the threat of a great
disaster in the future; and Santerre lived there in the midst of it,
helping on the work of destruction.

He gave a cry of rapture when Valentine at last made her appearance
gowned in a delicious travelling dress, with a cavalier toque on her
head. But she was not quite ready, for she darted off again, saying that
she would be at their service as soon as she had seen her little Andree,
and given her last orders to the nurse.

"Well, make haste," cried her husband. "You are quite unbearable, you are
never ready."

It was at this moment that Mathieu called, and Seguin received him in
order to express his regret that he could not that day go into business
matters with him. Nevertheless, before fixing another appointment, he was
willing to take note of certain conditions which the other wished to
stipulate for the purpose of reserving to himself the exclusive right of
purchasing the remainder of the Chantebled estate in portions and at
fixed dates. Seguin was promising that he would carefully study this
proposal when he was cut short by a sudden tumult--distant shouts, wild
hurrying to and fro, and a violent banging of doors.

"Why! what is it? what is it?" he muttered, turning towards the shaking

The door suddenly opened and Valentine reappeared, distracted, red with
fear and anger, and carrying her little Andree, who wailed and struggled
in her arms.

"There, there, my pet," gasped the mother, "don't cry, she shan't hurt
you any more. There, it's nothing, darling; be quiet, do."

Then she deposited the little girl in a large armchair, where she at once
became quiet again. She was a very pretty child, but still so puny,
although nearly four months old, that there seemed to be nothing but her
beautiful big eyes in her pale little face.

"Well, what is the matter?" asked Seguin, in astonishment.

"The matter, is, my friend, that I have just found Marie lying across the
cradle as drunk as a market porter, and half stifling the child. If I had
been a few moments later it would have been all over. Drunk at ten
o'clock in the morning! Can one understand such a thing? I had noticed
that she drank, and so I hid the liqueurs, for I hoped to be able to keep
her, since her milk is so good. But do you know what she had drunk? Why,
the methylated spirits for the warmer! The empty bottle had remained
beside her."

"But what did she say to you?"

"She simply wanted to beat me. When I shook her, she flew at me in a
drunken fury, shouting abominable words. And I had time only to escape
with the little one, while she began barricading herself in the room,
where she is now smashing the furniture! There! just listen!"

Indeed, a distant uproar of destruction reached them. They looked one at
the other, and deep silence fell, full of embarrassment and alarm.

"And then?" Seguin ended by asking in his curt dry voice.

"Well, what can I say? That woman is a brute beast, and I can't leave
Andree in her charge to be killed by her. I have brought the child here,
and I certainly shall not take her back. I will even own that I won't run
the risk of going back to the room. You will have to turn the girl out of
doors, after paying her wages."

"I! I!" cried Seguin. Then, walking up and down as if spurring on the
anger which was rising within him, he burst forth: "I've had enough, you
know, of all these idiotic stories! This house has become a perfect hell
upon earth all through that child! There will soon be nothing but
fighting here from morning till night. First of all it was pretended that
the nurse whom I took the trouble to choose wasn't healthy. Well, then a
second nurse is engaged, and she gets drunk and stifles the child. And
now, I suppose, we are to have a third, some other vile creature who will
prey on us and drive us mad. No, no, it's too exasperating, I won't have

Valentine, her fears now calmed, became aggressive. "What won't you have?
There is no sense in what you say. As we have a child we must have a
nurse. If I had spoken of nursing the little one myself you would have
told me I was a fool. You would have found the house more uninhabitable
than ever, if you had seen me with the child always in my arms. But I
won't nurse--I can't. As you say, we will take a third nurse; it's simple
enough, and we'll do so at once and risk it."

Seguin had abruptly halted in front of Andree, who, alarmed by the sight
of his stern dark figure began to cry. Blinded as he was by anger, he
perhaps failed to see her, even as he failed to see Gaston and Lucie, who
had hastened in at the noise of the dispute and stood near the door, full
of curiosity and fear. As nobody thought of sending them away they
remained there, and saw and heard everything.

"The carriage is waiting," resumed Seguin, in a voice which he strove to
render calm. "Let us make haste, let us go."

Valentine looked at him in stupefaction. "Come, be reasonable," said she.
"How can I leave this child when I have nobody to whom I can trust her?"

"The carriage is waiting for us," he repeated, quivering; "let us go at

And as his wife this time contented herself with shrugging her shoulders,
he was seized with one of those sudden fits of madness which impelled him
to the greatest violence, even when people were present, and made him
openly display his rankling poisonous sore, that absurd jealousy which
had upset his life. As for that poor little puny, wailing child, he would
have crushed her, for he held her to be guilty of everything, and indeed
it was she who was now the obstacle to that excursion he had planned,
that pleasure trip which he had promised himself, and which now seemed to
him of such supreme importance. And 'twas so much the better if friends
were there to hear him. So in the vilest language he began to upbraid his
wife, not only reproaching her for the birth of that child, but even
denying that the child was his. "You will only be content when you have
driven me from the house!" he finished in a fury. "You won't come? Well
then, I'll go by myself!"

And thereupon he rushed off like a whirlwind, without a word to Santerre,
who had remained silent, and without even remembering that Mathieu still
stood there awaiting an answer. The latter, in consternation at hearing
all these things, had not dared to withdraw lest by doing so he should
seem to be passing judgment on the scene. Standing there motionless, he
turned his head aside, looked at little Andree who was still crying, and
at Gaston and Lucie, who, silent with fright, pressed one against the
other behind the armchair in which their sister was wailing.

Valentine had sunk upon a chair, stifling with sobs, her limbs trembling.
"The wretch! Ah, how he treats me! To accuse me thus, when he knows how
false it is! Ah! never more; no, never more! I would rather kill myself;
yes, kill myself!"

Then Santerre, who had hitherto stood on one side, gently drew near to
her and ventured to take her hand with a gesture of affectionate
compassion, while saying in an undertone: "Come, calm yourself. You know
very well that you are not alone, that you are not forsaken. There are
some things which cannot touch you. Calm yourself, cease weeping, I beg
you. You distress me dreadfully."

He made himself the more gentle since the husband had been the more
brutal; and he leant over her yet the more closely, and again lowered his
voice till it became but a murmur. Only a few words could be heard: "It
is wrong of you to worry yourself like this. Forget all that folly. I
told you before that he doesn't know how to behave towards a woman."

Twice was that last remark repeated with a sort of mocking pity; and she
smiled vaguely amid her drying tears, in her turn murmuring: "You are
kind, you are. Thank you. And you are quite right. . . . Ah! if I could
only be a little happy!"

Then Mathieu distinctly saw her press Santerre's hand as if in acceptance
of his consolation. It was the logical, fatal outcome of the
situation--given a wife whom her husband had perverted, a mother who
refused to nurse her babe. And yet a cry from Andree suddenly set
Valentine erect, awaking to the reality of her position. If that poor
creature were so puny, dying for lack of her mother's milk, the mother
also was in danger from her refusal to nurse her and clasp her to her
breast like a buckler of invincible defence. Life and salvation one
through the other, or disaster for both, such was the law. And doubtless
Valentine became clearly conscious of her peril, for she hastened to take
up the child and cover her with caresses, as if to make of her a
protecting rampart against the supreme madness to which she had felt
prompted. And great was the distress that came over her. Her other
children were there, looking and listening, and Mathieu also was still
waiting. When she perceived him her tears gushed forth again, and she
strove to explain things, and even attempted to defend her husband.

"Excuse him, there are moments when he quite loses his head. _Mon Dieu_!
What will become of me with this child? Yet I can't nurse her now, it is
too late. It is frightful to be in such a position without knowing what
to do. Ah! what will become of me, good Lord?"

Santerre again attempted to console her, but she no longer listened to
him, and he was about to defer all further efforts till another time when
unexpected intervention helped on his designs.

Celeste, who had entered noiselessly, stood there waiting for her
mistress to allow her to speak. "It is my friend who has come to see me,
madame," said she; "you know, the person from my village, Sophie Couteau,
and as she happens to have a nurse with her--"

"There is a nurse here?"

"Oh! yes, madame, a very fine one, an excellent one."

Then, on perceiving her mistress's radiant surprise, her joy at this
relief, she showed herself zealous: "Madame must not tire herself by
holding the little one. Madame hasn't the habit. If madame will allow me,
I will bring the nurse to her."

Heaving a sigh of happy deliverance, Valentine had allowed the servant to
take the child from her. So Heaven had not abandoned her! However, she
began to discuss the matter, and was not inclined to have the nurse
brought there. She somehow feared that if the other one, who was drunk in
her room, should come out and meet the new arrival, she would set about
beating them all and breaking everything. At last she insisted on taking
Santerre and Mathieu into the linen-room, saying that the latter must
certainly have some knowledge of these matters, although he declared the
contrary. Only Gaston and Lucie were formally forbidden to follow.

"You are not wanted," said their mother, "so stay here and play. But we
others will all go, and as softly as possible, please, so that that
drunken creature may not suspect anything."

Once in the linen-room, Valentine ordered all the doors to be carefully
secured. La Couteau was standing there with a sturdy young person of
five-and-twenty, who carried a superb-looking infant in her arms. She had
dark hair, a low forehead, and a broad face, and was very respectably
dressed. And she made a little courtesy like a well-trained nurse, who
has already served with gentlefolks and knows how to behave. But
Valentine's embarrassment remained extreme; she looked at the nurse and
at the babe like an ignorant woman who, though her elder children had
been brought up in a room adjoining her own, had never troubled or
concerned herself about anything. In her despair, seeing that Santerre
kept to himself, she again appealed to Mathieu, who once more excused
himself. And it was only then that La Couteau, after glancing askance at
the gentleman who, somehow or other, always turned up whenever she had
business to transact, ventured to intervene:

"Will madame rely on me? If madame will kindly remember, I once before
ventured to offer her my services, and if she had accepted them she would
have saved herself no end of worry. That Marie Lebleu is impossible, and
I certainly could have warned madame of it at the time when I came to
fetch Marie's child. But since madame's doctor had chosen her, it was not
for me to speak. Oh! she has good milk, that's quite sure; only she also
has a good tongue, which is always dry. So if madame will now place
confidence in me--"

Then she rattled on interminably, expatiating on the respectability of
her calling, and praising the value of the goods she offered.

"Well, madame, I tell you that you can take La Catiche with your eyes
shut. She's exactly what you want, there's no better in Paris. Just look
how she's built, how sturdy and how healthy she is! And her child, just
look at it! She's married, she even has a little girl of four at the
village with her husband. She's a respectable woman, which is more than
can be said for a good many nurses. In a word, madame, I know her and can
answer for her. If you are not pleased with her I myself will give you
your money back."

In her haste to get it all over Valentine made a great gesture of
surrender. She even consented to pay one hundred francs a month, since La
Catiche was a married woman. Moreover, La Couteau explained that she
would not have to pay the office charges, which would mean a saving of
forty-five francs, though, perhaps, madame would not forget all the
trouble which she, La Couteau, had taken. On the other hand, there would,
of course, be the expense of taking La Catiche's child back to the
village, a matter of thirty francs. Valentine liberally promised to
double that sum; and all seemed to be settled, and she felt delivered,
when she suddenly bethought herself of the other nurse, who had
barricaded herself in her room. How could they get her out in order to
install La Catiche in her place?

"What!" exclaimed La Couteau, "does Marie Lebleu frighten you? She had
better not give me any of her nonsense if she wants me ever to find her
another situation. I'll speak to her, never fear."

Celeste thereupon placed Andree on a blanket, which was lying there, side
by side with the infant of which the new nurse had rid herself a moment
previously, and undertook to conduct La Couteau to Marie Lebleu's room.
Deathlike silence now reigned there, but the nurse-agent only had to give
her name to secure admittance. She went in, and for a few moments one
only heard her dry curt voice. Then, on coming out, she tranquillized
Valentine, who had gone to listen, trembling.

"I've sobered her, I can tell you," said she. "Pay her her month's wages.
She's packing her box and going off."

Then, as they went back into the linen-room, Valentine settled pecuniary
matters and added five francs for this new service. But a final
difficulty arose. La Couteau could not come back to fetch La Catiche's
child in the evening, and what was she to do with it during the rest of
the day? "Well, no matter," she said at last, "I'll take it; I'll deposit
it at the office, before I go my round. They'll give it a bottle there,
and it'll have to grow accustomed to the bottle now, won't it?"

"Of course," the mother quietly replied.

Then, as La Couteau, on the point of leaving, after all sorts of bows and
thanks, turned round to take the little one, she made a gesture of
hesitation on seeing the two children lying side by side on the blanket.

"The devil!" she murmured; "I mustn't make a mistake."

This seemed amusing, and enlivened the others. Celeste fairly exploded,
and even La Catiche grinned broadly; while La Couteau caught up the child
with her long claw-like hands and carried it away. Yet another gone, to
be carted away yonder in one of those ever-recurring _razzias_ which
consigned the little babes to massacre!

Mathieu alone had not laughed. He had suddenly recalled his conversation
with Boutan respecting the demoralizing effects of that nurse trade, the
shameful bargaining, the common crime of two mothers, who each risked the
death of her child--the idle mother who bought another's services, the
venal mother who sold her milk. He felt cold at heart as he saw one child
carried off still full of life, and the other remain there already so
puny. And what would be fate's course? Would not one or the other,
perhaps both of them be sacrificed?

Valentine, however, was already leading both him and Santerre to the
spacious salon again; and she was so delighted, so fully relieved, that
she had recovered all her cavalier carelessness, her passion for noise
and pleasure. And as Mathieu was about to take his leave, he heard the
triumphant Santerre saying to her, while for a moment he retained her
hand in his clasp: "Till to-morrow, then." And she, who had cast her
buckler of defence aside, made answer: "Yes--yes, to-morrow."

A week later La Catiche was the acknowledged queen of the house. Andree
had recovered a little color, and was increasing in weight daily. And in
presence of this result the others bowed low indeed. There was every
disposition to overlook all possible faults on the nurse's part. She was
the third, and a fourth would mean the child's death; so that she was an
indispensable, a providential helper, one whose services must be retained
at all costs. Moreover, she seemed to have no defects, for she was a
calm, cunning, peasant woman, one who knew how to rule her employers and
extract from them all that was to be extracted. Her conquest of the
Seguins was effected with extraordinary skill. At first some
unpleasantness seemed likely, because Celeste was, on her own side,
pursuing a similar course; but they were both too intelligent to do
otherwise than come to an understanding. As their departments were
distinct, they agreed that they could prosecute parallel invasions. And
from that moment they even helped one another, divided the empire, and
preyed upon the house in company.

La Catiche sat upon a throne, served by the other domestics, with her
employers at her feet. The finest dishes were for her; she had her
special wine, her special bread, she had everything most delicate and
most nourishing that could be found. Gluttonous, slothful, and proud, she
strutted about, bending one and all to her fancies. The others gave way
to her in everything to avoid sending her into a temper which might have
spoilt her milk. At her slightest indisposition everybody was distracted.
One night she had an attack of indigestion, and all the doctors in the
neighborhood were rung up to attend on her. Her only real defect,
perhaps, was a slight inclination for pilfering; she appropriated some
linen that was lying about, but madame would not hear of the matter being

There was also the chapter of the presents which were heaped on her in
order to keep her in good temper. Apart from the regulation present when
the child cut its first tooth, advantage was taken of various other
occasions, and a ring, a brooch, and a pair of earrings were given her.
Naturally she was the most adorned nurse in the Champs-Elysees, with
superb cloaks and the richest of caps, trimmed with long ribbons which
flared in the sunlight. Never did lady lead a life of more sumptuous
idleness. There were also the presents which she extracted for her
husband and her little girl at the village. Parcels were sent them by
express train every week. And on the morning when news came that her own
baby, carried back by La Couteau, had died from the effects of a bad
cold, she was presented with fifty francs as if in payment for the loss
of her child. Little Andree, meanwhile, grew ever stronger, and thus La
Catiche rose higher and higher, with the whole house bending low beneath
her tyrannical sway.

On the day when Mathieu called to sign the deed which was to insure him
the possession of the little pavilion of Chantebled with some fifty acres
around it, and the privilege of acquiring other parts of the estate on
certain conditions, he found Seguin on the point of starting for Le
Havre, where a friend, a wealthy Englishman, was waiting for him with his
yacht, in order that they might have a month's trip round the coast of

"Yes," said Seguin feverishly, alluding to some recent heavy losses at
the gaming table, "I'm leaving Paris for a time--I have no luck here just
now. But I wish you plenty of courage and all success, my dear sir. You
know how much I am interested in the attempt you are about to make."

A little later that same day Mathieu was crossing the Champs-Elysees,
eager to join Marianne at Chantebled, moved as he was by the decisive
step he had taken, yet quivering also with faith and hope, when in a
deserted avenue he espied a cab waiting, and recognized Santerre inside
it. Then, as a veiled lady furtively sprang into the vehicle, he turned
round wondering: Was that not Valentine? And as the cab drove off he felt
convinced it was.

There came other meetings when he reached the main avenue; first Gaston
and Lucie, already tired of play, and dragging about their puny limbs
under the careless supervision of Celeste, who was busy laughing with a
grocer's man; while farther off La Catiche, superb and royal, decked out
like the idol of venal motherhood, was giving little Andree an outing,
with her long purple ribbons streaming victoriously in the sunshine.


ON the day when the first blow with the pick was dealt, Marianne, with
Gervais in her arms, came and sat down close by, full of happy emotion at
this work of faith and hope which Mathieu was so boldly undertaking. It
was a clear, warm day in the middle of June, with a pure, broad sky that
encouraged confidence. And as the children had been given a holiday, they
played about in the surrounding grass, and one could hear the shrill
cries of little Rose while she amused herself with running after the
three boys.

"Will you deal the first blow?" Mathieu gayly asked his wife.

But she pointed to her baby. "No, no, I have my work. Deal it yourself,
you are the father."

He stood there with two men under his orders, but ready himself to
undertake part of the hard manual toil in order to help on the
realization of his long thought of, ripening scheme. With great prudence
and wisdom he had assured himself a modest livelihood for a year of
effort, by an intelligent scheme of association and advances repayable
out of profits, which would enable him to wait for his first harvest. And
it was his life that he risked on that future crop, should the earth
refuse his worship and his labor. But he was a faithful believer, one who
felt certain of conquering, since love and determination were his.

"Well then, here goes!" he gallantly cried. "May the earth prove a good
mother to us!"

Then he dealt the first blow with his pick.

The work was begun to the left of the old pavilion, in a corner of that
extensive marshy tableland, where little streams coursed on all sides
through the reeds which sprang up everywhere. It was at first simply a
question of draining a few acres by capturing these streams and turning
them into canals, in order to direct them afterwards over the dry sandy
slopes which descended towards the railway line. After an attentive
examination Mathieu had discovered that the work might easily be
executed, and that water-furrows would suffice, such was the disposition
and nature of the ground. This, indeed, was his real discovery, not to
mention the layer of humus which he felt certain would be found amassed
on the plateau, and the wondrous fertility which it would display as soon
as a ploughshare had passed through it. And so with his pick he now began
to open the trench which was to drain the damp soil above, and fertilize
the dry, sterile, thirsty ground below.

The open air, however, had doubtless given Gervais an appetite, for he
began to cry. He was now a strong little fellow, three months and a half
old, and never neglected mealtime. He was growing like one of the young
trees in the neighboring wood, with hands which did not easily release
what they grasped, with eyes too full of light, now all laughter and now
all tears, and with the ever open beak of a greedy bird, that raised a
tempest whenever his mother kept him waiting.

"Yes, yes, I know you are there," said she; "come, don't deafen us any

Then she gave him the breast and he became quiet, simply purring like a
happy little kitten. The beneficent source had begun to flow once more,
as if it were inexhaustible. The trickling milk murmured unceasingly. One
might have said that it could be heard descending and spreading, while
Mathieu on his side continued opening his trench, assisted by the two men
whose apprenticeship was long since past.

He rose up at last, wiped his brow, and with his air of quiet certainty
exclaimed: "It's only a trade to learn. In a few months' time I shall be
nothing but a peasant. Look at that stagnant pond there, green with
water-plants. The spring which feeds it is yonder in that big tuft of
herbage. And when this trench has been opened to the edge of the slope,
you will see the pond dry up, and the spring gush forth and take its
course, carrying the beneficent water away."

"Ah!" said Marianne, "may it fertilize all that stony expanse, for
nothing can be sadder than dead land. How happy it will be to quench its
thirst and live again!"

Then she broke off to scold Gervais: "Come, young gentleman, don't pull
so hard," said she. "Wait till it comes; you know very well that it's all
for you."

Meantime the blows of the pickaxes rang out, the trench rapidly made its
way through the fat, moist soil, and soon the water would flow into the
parched veins of the neighboring sandy tracts to endow them with
fruitfulness. And the light trickling of the mother's milk also continued
with the faint murmur of an inexhaustible source, flowing from her breast
into the mouth of her babe, like a fountain of eternal life. It ever and
ever flowed, it created flesh, intelligence, and labor, and strength. And
soon its whispering would mingle with the babble of the delivered spring
as it descended along the trenches to the dry hot lands. And at last
there would be but one and the same stream, one and the same river,
gradually overflowing and carrying life to all the earth, a mighty river
of nourishing milk flowing through the world's veins, creating without a
pause, and producing yet more youth and more health at each return of

Four months later, when Mathieu and his men had finished the autumn
ploughing, there came the sowing on the same spot. Marianne was there
again, and it was such a very mild gray day that she was still able to
sit down, and once more gayly give the breast to little Gervais. He was
already eight months old and had become quite a personage. He grew a
little more every day, always in his mother's arms, on that warm breast
whence he sucked life. He was like the seed which clings to the seed-pod
so long as it is not ripe. And at that first quiver of November, that
approach of winter through which the germs would slumber in the furrows,
he pressed his chilly little face close to his mother's warm bosom, and
nursed on in silence as if the river of life were lost, buried deep
beneath the soil.

"Ah!" said Marianne, laughing, "you are not warm, young gentleman, are
you? It is time for you to take up your winter quarters."

Just then Mathieu, with his sower's bag at his waist, was returning
towards them, scattering the seed with broad rhythmical gestures. He had
heard his wife, and he paused to say to her: "Let him nurse and sleep
till the sun comes back. He will be a man by harvest time." And, pointing
to the great field which he was sowing with his assistants, he added:
"All this will grow and ripen when our Gervais has begun to walk and
talk--just look, see our conquest!"

He was proud of it. From ten to fifteen acres of the plateau were now rid
of the stagnant pools, cleared and levelled; and they spread out in a
brown expanse, rich with humus, while the water-furrows which intersected
them carried the streams to the neighboring slopes. Before cultivating
those dry lands one must yet wait until the moisture should have
penetrated and fertilized them. That would be the work of the future, and
thus, by degrees, life would be diffused through the whole estate.

"Evening is coming on," resumed Mathieu, "I must make haste."

Then he set off again, throwing the seed with his broad rhythmical
gesture. And while Marianne, gravely smiling, watched him go, it occurred
to little Rose to follow in his track, and take up handfuls of earth,
which she scattered to the wind. The three boys perceived her, and Blaise
and Denis then hastened up, followed by Ambroise, all gleefully imitating
their father's gesture, and darting hither and thither around him. And
for a moment it was almost as if Mathieu with the sweep of his arm not
only cast the seed of expected corn into the furrows, but also sowed
those dear children, casting them here and there without cessation, so
that a whole nation of little sowers should spring up and finish
populating the world.

Two months more went by, and January had arrived with a hard frost, when
one day the Froments unexpectedly received a visit from Seguin and
Beauchene, who had come to try their luck at wild-duck shooting, among
such of the ponds on the plateau as had not yet been drained. It was a
Sunday, and the whole family was gathered in the roomy kitchen, cheered
by a big fire. Through the clear windows one could see the far-spreading
countryside, white with rime, and stiffly slumbering under that crystal
casing, like some venerated saint awaiting April's resurrection. And,
that day, when the visitors presented themselves, Gervais also was
slumbering in his white cradle, rendered somnolent by the season, but
plump even as larks are in the cold weather, and waiting, he also, simply
for life's revival, in order to reappear in all the triumph of his
acquired strength.

The family had gayly partaken of dejeuner, and now, before nightfall, the
four children had gathered round a table by the window, absorbed in a
playful occupation which delighted them. Helped by Ambroise, the twins,
Blaise and Denis, were building a whole village out of pieces of
cardboard, fixed together with paste. There were houses, a town hall, a
church, a school. And Rose, who had been forbidden to touch the scissors,
presided over the paste, with which she smeared herself even to her hair.
In the deep quietude, through which their laughter rang at intervals,
their father and mother had remained seated side by side in front of the
blazing fire, enjoying that delightful Sunday peace after the week's hard

They lived there very simply, like genuine peasants, without any luxury,
any amusement, save that of being together. Their gay, bright kitchen was
redolent of that easy primitive life, lived so near the earth, which
frees one from fictitious wants, ambition, and the longing for pleasure.
And no fortune, no power could have brought such quiet delight as that
afternoon of happy intimacy, while the last-born slept so soundly and
quietly that one could not even hear him breathe.

Beauchene and Seguin broke in upon the quiet like unlucky sportsmen, with
their limbs weary and their faces and hands icy cold. Amid the
exclamations of surprise which greeted them, they complained of the folly
that had possessed them to venture out of Paris in such bleak weather.

"Just fancy, my dear fellow," said Beauchene, "we haven't seen a single
duck! It's no doubt too cold. And you can't imagine what a bitter wind
blows on the plateau, amid those ponds and bushes bristling with icicles.
So we gave up the idea of any shooting. You must give us each a glass of
hot wine, and then we'll get back to Paris."

Seguin, who was in even a worse humor, stood before the fire trying to
thaw himself; and while Marianne made haste to warm some wine, he began
to speak of the cleared fields which he had skirted. Under the icy
covering, however, beneath which they stiffly slumbered, hiding the seed
within them, he had guessed nothing of the truth, and already felt
anxious about this business of Mathieu's, which looked anything but
encouraging. Indeed, he already feared that he would not be paid his
purchase money, and so made bold to speak ironically.

"I say, my dear fellow, I am afraid you have lost your time," he began;
"I noticed it all as I went by, and it did not seem promising. But how
can you hope to reap anything from rotten soil in which only reeds have
been growing for centuries?"

"One must wait," Mathieu quietly answered. "You must come back and see it
all next June."

But Beauchene interrupted them. "There is a train at four o'clock, I
think," said he; "let us make haste, for it would annoy us tremendously
to miss it, would it not, Seguin?"

So saying, he gave him a gay, meaning glance. They had doubtless planned
some little spree together, like husbands bent on availing themselves to
the utmost of the convenient pretext of a day's shooting. Then, having
drunk some wine and feeling warmed and livelier, they began to express
astonishment at their surroundings.

"It stupefies me, my dear fellow," declared Beauchene, "that you can live
in this awful solitude in the depth of winter. It is enough to kill
anybody. I am all in favor of work, you know; but, dash it! one must have
some amusement too."

"But we do amuse ourselves," said Mathieu, waving his hand round that
rustic kitchen in which centred all their pleasant family life.

The two visitors followed his gesture, and gazed in amazement at the
walls covered with utensils, at the rough furniture, and at the table on
which the children were still building their village after offering their
cheeks to be kissed. No doubt they were unable to understand what
pleasure there could possibly be there, for, suppressing a jeering laugh,
they shook their heads. To them it was really an extraordinary life, a
life of most singular taste.

"Come and see my little Gervais," said Marianne softly. "He is asleep;
mind, you must not wake him."

For politeness' sake they both bent over the cradle, and expressed
surprise at finding a child but ten months old so big. He was very good,
too. Only, as soon as he should wake, he would no doubt deafen everybody.
And then, too, if a fine child like that sufficed to make life happy, how
many people must be guilty of spoiling their lives! The visitors came
back to the fireside, anxious only to be gone now that they felt

"So it's understood," said Mathieu, "you won't stay to dinner with us?"

"Oh, no, indeed!" they exclaimed in one breath.

Then, to attenuate the discourtesy of such a cry, Beauchene began to
jest, and accepted the invitation for a later date when the warm weather
should have arrived.

"On my word of honor, we have business in Paris," he declared. "But I
promise you that when it's fine we will all come and spend a day
here--yes, with our wives and children. And you will then show us your
work, and we shall see if you have succeeded. So good-by! All my good
wishes, my dear fellow! Au revoir, cousin! Au revoir, children; be good!"

Then came more kisses and hand-shakes, and the two men disappeared. And
when the gentle silence had fallen once more Mathieu and Marianne again
found themselves in front of the bright fire, while the children
completed the building of their village with a great consumption of
paste, and Gervais continued sleeping soundly. Had they been dreaming?
Mathieu wondered. What sudden blast from all the shame and suffering of
Paris had blown into their far-away quiet? Outside, the country retained
its icy rigidity. The fire alone sang the song of hope in life's future
revival. And, all at once, after a few minutes' reverie the young man
began to speak aloud, as if he had at last just found the answer to all
sorts of grave questions which he had long since put to himself.

"But those folks don't love; they are incapable of loving! Money, power,
ambition, pleasure--yes, all those things may be theirs, but not love!
Even the husbands who deceive their wives do not really love their
mistresses. They have never glowed with the supreme desire, the divine
desire which is the world's very soul, the brazier of eternal life. And
that explains everything. Without desire there is no love, no courage,
and no hope. By love alone can one create. And if love be restricted in
its mission there is but failure. Yes, they lie and deceive, because they
do not love. Then they suffer and lapse into moral and physical
degradation. And at the end lies the collapse of our rotten society,
which breaks up more and more each day before our eyes. That, then, is
the truth I was seeking. It is desire and love that save. Whoever loves
and creates is the revolutionary saviour, the maker of men for the new
world which will shortly dawn."

Never before had Mathieu so plainly understood that he and his wife were
different from others. This now struck him with extraordinary force.
Comparisons ensued, and he realized that their simple life, free from the
lust of wealth, their contempt for luxury and worldly vanities, all their
common participation in toil which made them accept and glorify life and
its duties, all that mode of existence of theirs which was at once their
joy and their strength, sprang solely from the source of eternal energy:
the love with which they glowed. If, later on, victory should remain with
them, if they should some day leave behind them work of value and health
and happiness, it would be solely because they had possessed the power of
love and the courage to love freely, harvesting, in an ever-increasing
family, both the means of support and the means of conquest. And this
sudden conviction filled Mathieu with such a glow that he leant towards
his wife, who sat there deeply moved by what he said, and kissed her
ardently upon the lips. It was divine love passing like a flaming blast.
But she, though her own eyes were sparkling, laughingly scolded him,
saying: "Hush, hush, you will wake Gervais."

Then they remained there hand in hand, pressing each other's fingers amid
the silence. Evening was coming on, and at last the children, their
village finished, raised cries of rapture at seeing it standing there
among bits of wood, which figured trees. And then the softened glances of
the parents strayed now through the window towards the crops sleeping
beneath the crystalline rime, and now towards their last-born's cradle,
where hope was likewise slumbering.

Again did two long months go by. Gervais had just completed his first
year, and fine weather, setting in early, was hastening the awaking of
the earth. One morning, when Marianne and the children went to join
Mathieu on the plateau, they raised shouts of wonder, so completely had
the sun transformed the expanse in a single week. It was now all green
velvet, a thick endless carpet of sprouting corn, of tender, delicate
emerald hue. Never had such a marvellous crop been seen. And thus, as the
family walked on through the mild, radiant April morning, amid the
country now roused from winter's sleep, and quivering with fresh youth,
they all waxed merry at the sight of that healthfulness, that progressing
fruitfulness, which promised the fulfilment of all their hopes. And their
rapture yet increased when, all at once, they noticed that little Gervais
also was awaking to life, acquiring decisive strength. As he struggled in
his little carriage and his mother removed him from it, behold! he took
his flight, and, staggering, made four steps; then hung to his father's
legs with his little fists. A cry of extraordinary delight burst forth.

"Why! he walks, he walks!"

Ah! those first lispings of life, those successive flights of the dear
little ones; the first glance, the first smile, the first step--what joy
do they not bring to parents' hearts! They are the rapturous _etapes_ of
infancy, for which father and mother watch, which they await impatiently,
which they hail with exclamations of victory, as if each were a conquest,
a fresh triumphal entry into life. The child grows, the child becomes a
man. And there is yet the first tooth, forcing its way like a
needle-point through rosy gums; and there is also the first stammered
word, the "pa-pa," the "mam-ma," which one is quite ready to detect amid
the vaguest babble, though it be but the purring of a kitten, the
chirping of a bird. Life does its work, and the father and the mother are
ever wonderstruck with admiration and emotion at the sight of that
efflorescence alike of their flesh and their souls.

"Wait a moment," said Marianne, "he will come back to me. Gervais!

And after a little hesitation, a false start, the child did indeed
return, taking the four steps afresh, with arms extended and beating the
air as if they were balancing-poles.

"Gervais! Gervais!" called Mathieu in his turn. And the child went back
to him; and again and again did they want him to repeat the journey, amid
their mirthful cries, so pretty and so funny did they find him.

Then, seeing that the four other children began playing rather roughly
with him in their enthusiasm, Marianne carried him away. And once more,
on the same spot, on the young grass, did she give him the breast. And
again did the stream of milk trickle forth.

Close by that spot, skirting the new field, there passed a crossroad, in
rather bad condition, leading to a neighboring village. And on this road
a cart suddenly came into sight, jolting amid the ruts, and driven by a
peasant--who was so absorbed in his contemplation of the land which
Mathieu had cleared, that he would have let his horse climb upon a heap
of stones had not a woman who accompanied him abruptly pulled the reins.
The horse then stopped, and the man in a jeering voice called out: "So
this, then, is your work, Monsieur Froment?"

Mathieu and Marianne thereupon recognized the Lepailleurs, the people of
the mill. They were well aware that folks laughed at Janville over the
folly of their attempt--that mad idea of growing wheat among the marshes
of the plateau. Lepailleur, in particular, distinguished himself by the
violent raillery he levelled at this Parisian, a gentleman born, with a
good berth, who was so stupid as to make himself a peasant, and fling
what money he had to that rascally earth, which would assuredly swallow
him and his children and his money all together, without yielding even
enough wheat to keep them in bread. And thus the sight of the field had
stupefied him. It was a long while since he had passed that way, and he
had never thought that the seed would sprout so thickly, for he had
repeated a hundred times that nothing would germinate, so rotten was all
the land. Although he almost choked with covert anger at seeing his
predictions thus falsified, he was unwilling to admit his error, and put
on an air of ironical doubt.

"So you think it will grow, eh? Well, one can't say that it hasn't come
up. Only one must see if it can stand and ripen." And as Mathieu quietly
smiled with hope and confidence, he added, striving to poison his joy:
"Ah! when you know the earth you'll find what a hussy she is. I've seen
plenty of crops coming on magnificently, and then a storm, a gust of
wind, a mere trifle, has reduced them to nothing! But you are young at
the trade as yet; you'll get your experience in misfortune."

His wife, who nodded approval on hearing him talk so finely, then
addressed herself to Marianne: "Oh! my man doesn't say that to discourage
you, madame. But the land you know, is just like children. There are some
who live and some who die; some who give one pleasure, and others who
kill one with grief. But, all considered, one always bestows more on them
than one gets back, and in the end one finds oneself duped. You'll see,
you'll see."

Without replying, Marianne, moved by these malicious predictions, gently
raised her trustful eyes to Mathieu. And he, though for a moment
irritated by all the ignorance, envy, and imbecile ambition which he felt
were before him, contented himself with jesting. "That's it, we'll see.
When your son Antoine becomes a prefect, and I have twelve peasant
daughters ready, I'll invite you to their weddings, for it's your mill
that ought to be rebuilt, you know, and provided with a fine engine, so
as to grind all the corn of my property yonder, left and right,

The sweep of his arm embraced such a far expanse of ground that the
miller, who did not like to be derided, almost lost his temper. He lashed
his horse with his whip, and the cart jolted on again through the ruts.

"Wheat in the ear is not wheat in the mill," said he. "Au revoir, and
good luck to you, all the same."

"Thanks, au revoir."

Then, while the children still ran about, seeking early primroses among
the mosses, Mathieu came and sat down beside Marianne, who, he saw, was
quivering. He said nothing to her, for he knew that she possessed
sufficient strength and confidence to surmount, unaided, such fears for
the future as threats might kindle in her womanly heart. But he simply
set himself there, so near her that he touched her, looking and smiling
at her the while. And she immediately became calm again and likewise
smiled, while little Gervais, whom the words of the malicious could not
as yet disturb, nursed more eagerly than ever, with a purr of rapturous
satisfaction. The milk was ever trickling, bringing flesh to little limbs
which grew stronger day by day, spreading through the earth, filling the
whole world, nourishing the life which increased hour by hour. And was
not this the answer which faith and hope returned to all threats of
death?--the certainty of life's victory, with fine children ever growing
in the sunlight, and fine crops ever rising from the soil at each
returning spring! To-morrow, yet once again, on the glorious day of
harvest, the corn will have ripened, the children will be men!

And it was thus, indeed, three months later, when the Beauchenes and the
Seguins, keeping their promise, came--husbands, wives, and children--to
spend a Sunday afternoon at Chantebled. The Froments had even prevailed
on Morange to be of the party with Reine, in their desire to draw him for
a day, at any rate, from the dolorous prostration in which he lived. As
soon as all these fine folks had alighted from the train it was decided
to go up to the plateau to see the famous fields, for everybody was
curious about them, so extravagant and inexplicable did the idea of
Mathieu's return to the soil, and transformation into a peasant, seem to
them. He laughed gayly, and at least he succeeded in surprising them when
he waved his hand towards the great expanse under the broad blue sky,
that sea of tall green stalks whose ears were already heavy and undulated
at the faintest breeze. That warm splendid afternoon, the far-spreading
fields looked like the very triumph of fruitfulness, a growth of germs
which the humus amassed through centuries had nourished with prodigious
sap, thus producing this first formidable crop, as if to glorify the
eternal source of life which sleeps in the earth's flanks. The milk had
streamed, and the corn now grew on all sides with overflowing energy,
creating health and strength, bespeaking man's labor and the kindliness,
the solidarity of the world. It was like a beneficent, nourishing ocean,
in which all hunger would be appeased, and in which to-morrow might
arise, amid that tide of wheat whose waves were ever carrying good news
to the horizon.

True, neither Constance nor Valentine was greatly touched by the sight of
the waving wheat, for other ambitions filled their minds: and Morange,
though he stared with his vague dim eyes, did not even seem to see it.
But Beauchene and Seguin marvelled, for they remembered their visit in
the month of January, when the frozen ground had been wrapt in sleep and
mystery. They had then guessed nothing, and now they were amazed at this
miraculous awakening, this conquering fertility, which had changed a part
of the marshy tableland into a field of living wealth. And Seguin, in
particular, did not cease praising and admiring, certain as he now felt
that he would be paid, and already hoping that Mathieu would soon take a
further portion of the estate off his hands.

Then, as soon as they had walked to the old pavilion, now transformed
into a little farm, and had seated themselves in the garden, pending
dinner-time, the conversation fell upon children. Marianne, as it
happened, had weaned Gervais the day before, and he was there among the
ladies, still somewhat unsteady on his legs, and yet boldly going from
one to the other, careless of his frequent falls on his back or his nose.
He was a gay-spirited child who seldom lost his temper, doubtless because
his health was so good. His big clear eyes were ever laughing; he offered
his little hands in a friendly way, and was very white, very pink, and
very sturdy--quite a little man indeed, though but fifteen and a half
months old. Constance and Valentine admired him, while Marianne jested
and turned him away each time that he greedily put out his little hands
towards her.

"No, no, monsieur, it's over now. You will have nothing but soup in

"Weaning is such a terrible business," then remarked Constance. "Did he
let you sleep last night?"

"Oh! yes, he had good habits, you know; he never troubled me at night.
But this morning he was stupefied and began to cry. Still, you see, he is
fairly well behaved already. Besides, I never had more trouble than this
with the other ones."

Beauchene was standing there, listening, and, as usual, smoking a cigar.
Constance appealed to him:

"You are lucky. But you, dear, remember--don't you?--what a life Maurice
led us when his nurse went away. For three whole nights we were unable to

"But just look how your Maurice is playing!" exclaimed Beauchene. "Yet
you'll be telling me again that he is ill."

"Oh! I no longer say that, my friend; he is quite well now. Besides, I
was never anxious; I know that he is very strong."

A great game of hide-and-seek was going on in the garden, along the paths
and even over the flower-beds, among the eight children who were
assembled there. Besides the four of the house--Blaise, Denis, Ambroise,
and Rose--there were Gaston and Lucie, the two elder children of the
Seguins, who had abstained, however, from bringing their other
daughter--little Andree. Then, too, both Reine and Maurice were present.
And the latter now, indeed, seemed to be all right upon his legs, though
his square face with its heavy jaw still remained somewhat pale. His
mother watched him running about, and felt so happy and so vain at the
realization of her dream that she became quite amiable even towards these
poor relatives the Froments, whose retirement into the country seemed to
her like an incomprehensible downfall, which forever thrust them out of
her social sphere.

"Ah! well," resumed Beauchene, "I've only one boy, but he's a sturdy
fellow, I warrant it; isn't he, Mathieu?"

These words had scarcely passed his lips when he must have regretted
them. His eyelids quivered and a little chill came over him as his glance
met that of his former designer. For in the latter's clear eyes he
beheld, as it were, a vision of that other son, Norine's ill-fated child,
who had been cast into the unknown. Then there came a pause, and amid the
shrill cries of the boys and girls playing at hide-and-seek a number of
little shadows flitted through the sunlight: they were the shadows of the
poor doomed babes who scarce saw the light before they were carried off
from homes and hospitals to be abandoned in corners, and die of cold, and
perhaps even of starvation!

Mathieu had been unable to answer a word. And his emotion increased when
he noticed Morange huddled up on a chair, and gazing with blurred,
tearful eyes at little Gervais, who was laughingly toddling hither and
thither. Had a vision come to him also? Had the phantom of his dead wife,
shrinking from the duties of motherhood and murdered in a hateful den,
risen before him in that sunlit garden, amid all the turbulent mirth of
happy, playful children?

"What a pretty girl your daughter Reine is!" said Mathieu, in the hope of
drawing the accountant from his haunting remorse. "Just look at her
running about!--so girlish still, as if she were not almost old enough to
be married."

Morange slowly raised his head and looked at his daughter. And a smile
returned to his eyes, still moist with tears. Day by day his adoration
increased. As Reine grew up he found her more and more like her mother,
and all his thoughts became centred in her. His one yearning was that she
might be very beautiful, very happy, very rich. That would be a sign that
he was forgiven--that would be the only joy for which he could yet hope.
And amid it all there was a vague feeling of jealousy at the thought that
a husband would some day take her from him, and that he would remain
alone in utter solitude, alone with the phantom of his dead wife.

"Married?" he murmured; "oh! not yet. She is only fourteen."

At this the others expressed surprise: they would have taken her to be
quite eighteen, so womanly was her precocious beauty already.

"As a matter of fact," resumed her father, feeling flattered, "she has
already been asked in marriage. You know that the Baroness de Lowicz is
kind enough to take her out now and then. Well, she told me that an
arch-millionnaire had fallen in love with Reine--but he'll have to wait!
I shall still be able to keep her to myself for another five or six years
at least!"

He no longer wept, but gave a little laugh of egotistical satisfaction,
without noticing the chill occasioned by the mention of Seraphine's name;
for even Beauchene felt that his sister was hardly a fit companion for a
young girl.

Then Marianne, anxious at seeing the conversation drop, began,
questioning Valentine, while Gervais at last slyly crept to her knees.

"Why did you not bring your little Andree?" she inquired. "I should have
been so pleased to kiss her. And she would have been able to play with
this little gentleman, who, you see, does not leave me a moment's peace."

But Seguin did not give his wife time to reply. "Ah! no, indeed!" he
exclaimed; "in that case I should not have come. It is quite enough to
have to drag the two others about. That fearful child has not ceased
deafening us ever since her nurse went away."

Valentine then explained that Andree was not really well behaved. She had
been weaned at the beginning of the previous week, and La Catiche, after
terrorizing the household for more than a year, had plunged it by her
departure into anarchy. Ah! that Catiche, she might compliment herself on
all the money she had cost! Sent away almost by force, like a queen who
is bound to abdicate at last, she had been loaded with presents for
herself and her husband, and her little girl at the village! And now it
had been of little use to take a dry-nurse in her place, for Andree did
not cease shrieking from morning till night. They had discovered, too,
that La Catiche had not only carried off with her a large quantity of
linen, but had left the other servants quite spoilt, disorganized, so
that a general clearance seemed necessary.

"Oh!" resumed Marianne, as if to smooth things, "when the children are
well one can overlook other worries."

"Why, do you imagine that Andree is well?" cried Seguin, giving way to
one of his brutal fits. "That Catiche certainly set her right at first,
but I don't know what happened afterwards, for now she is simply skin and
bones." Then, as his wife wished to protest, he lost his temper. "Do you
mean to say that I don't speak the truth? Why, look at our two others
yonder: they have papier-mache faces, too! It is evident that you don't
look after them enough. You know what a poor opinion Santerre has of

For him Santerre's opinion remained authoritative. However, Valentine
contented herself with shrugging her shoulders; while the others, feeling
slightly embarrassed, looked at Gaston and Lucie, who amid the romping of
their companions, soon lost breath and lagged behind, sulky and

"But, my dear friend," said Constance to Valentine, "didn't our good
Doctor Boutan tell you that all the trouble came from your not nursing
your children yourself? At all events, that was the compliment that he
paid me."

At the mention of Boutan a friendly shout arose. Oh! Boutan, Boutan! he
was like all other specialists. Seguin sneered; Beauchene jested about
the legislature decreeing compulsory nursing by mothers; and only Mathieu
and Marianne remained silent.

"Of course, my dear friend, we are not jesting about you," said
Constance, turning towards the latter. "Your children are superb, and
nobody says the contrary."

Marianne gayly waved her hand, as if to reply that they were free to make
fun of her if they pleased. But at this moment she perceived that
Gervais, profiting by her inattention, was busy seeking his "paradise
lost." And thereupon she set him on the ground: "Ah, no, no, monsieur!"
she exclaimed. "I have told you that it is all over. Can't you see that
people would laugh at us?"

Then for her and her husband came a delightful moment. He was looking at
her with deep emotion. Her duty accomplished, she was now returning to
him, for she was spouse as well as mother. Never had he thought her so
beautiful, possessed of so strong and so calm a beauty, radiant with the
triumph of happy motherhood, as though indeed a spark of something divine
had been imparted to her by that river of milk that had streamed from her
bosom. A song of glory seemed to sound, glory to the source of life,
glory to the true mother, to the one who nourishes, her travail o'er. For
there is none other; the rest are imperfect and cowardly, responsible for
incalculable disasters. And on seeing her thus, in that glory, amid her
vigorous children, like the good goddess of Fruitfulness, Mathieu felt
that he adored her. Divine passion swept by--the glow which makes the
fields palpitate, which rolls on through the waters, and floats in the
wind, begetting millions and millions of existences. And 'twas delightful
the ecstasy into which they both sank, forgetfulness of all else, of all
those others who were there. They saw them no longer; they felt but one
desire, to say that they loved each other, and that the season had come
when love blossoms afresh. His lips protruded, she offered hers, and then
they kissed.

"Oh! don't disturb yourselves!" cried Beauchene merrily. "Why, what is
the matter with you?"

"Would you like us to move away?" added Seguin.

But while Valentine laughed wildly, and Constance put on a prudish air,
Morange, in whose voice tears were again rising, spoke these words,
fraught with supreme regret: "Ah! you are right!"

Astonished at what they had done, without intention of doing it, Mathieu
and Marianne remained for a moment speechless, looking at one another in
consternation. And then they burst into a hearty laugh, gayly excusing
themselves. To love! to love! to be able to love! Therein lies all
health, all will, and all power.


FOUR years went by. And during those four years Mathieu and Marianne had
two more children, a daughter at the end of the first year and a son at
the expiration of the third. And each time that the family thus
increased, the estate at Chantebled was increased also--on the first
occasion by fifty more acres of rich soil reclaimed among the marshes of
the plateau, and the second time by an extensive expanse of wood and
moorland which the springs were beginning to fertilize. It was the
resistless conquest of life, it was fruitfulness spreading in the
sunlight, it was labor ever incessantly pursuing its work of creation
amid obstacles and suffering, making good all losses, and at each
succeeding hour setting more energy, more health, and more joy in the
veins of the world.

On the day when Mathieu called on Seguin to purchase the wood and
moorland, he lunched with Dr. Boutan, whom he found in an execrable
humor. The doctor had just heard that three of his former patients had
lately passed through the hands of his colleague Gaude, the notorious
surgeon to whose clinic at the Marbeuf Hospital society Paris flocked as
to a theatre. One of these patients was none other than Euphrasie, old
Moineaud's eldest daughter, now married to Auguste Benard, a mason, and
already the mother of three children. She had doubtless resumed her usual
avocations too soon after the birth of her last child, as often happens
in working-class families where the mother is unable to remain idle. At
all events, she had for some time been ailing, and had finally been
removed to the hospital. Mathieu had for a while employed her young
sister Cecile, now seventeen, as a servant in the house at Chantebled,
but she was of poor health and had returned to Paris, where, curiously
enough, she also entered Doctor Gaude's clinic. And Boutan waxed
indignant at the methods which Gaude employed. The two sisters, the
married woman and the girl, had been discharged as cured, and so far,
this might seem to be the case; but time, in Boutan's opinion, would
bring round some terrible revenges.

One curious point of the affair was that Beauchene's dissolute sister,
Seraphine, having heard of these so-called cures, which the newspapers
had widely extolled, had actually sought out the Benards and the
Moineauds to interview Euphrasie and Cecile on the subject. And in the
result she likewise had placed herself in Gaude's hands. She certainly
was of little account, and, whatever might become of her, the world would
be none the poorer by her death. But Boutan pointed out that during the
fifteen years that Gaude's theories and practices had prevailed in
France, no fewer than half a million women had been treated accordingly,
and, in the vast majority of cases, without any such treatment being
really necessary. Moreover, Boutan spoke feelingly of the after results
of such treatment--comparative health for a few brief years, followed in
some cases by a total loss of muscular energy, and in others by insanity
of a most violent form; so that the padded cells of the madhouses were
filling year by year with the unhappy women who had passed through the
hands of Gaude and his colleagues. From a social point of view also the
effects were disastrous. They ran counter to all Boutan's own theories,
and blasted all his hopes of living to see France again holding a
foremost place among the nations of the earth.

"Ah!" said he to Mathieu, "if people were only like you and your good

During those four years at Chantebled the Froments had been ever
founding, creating, increasing, and multiplying, again and again proving
victorious in the eternal battle which life wages against death, thanks
to that continual increase both of offspring and of fertile land which
was like their very existence, their joy and their strength. Desire
passed like a gust of flame--desire divine and fruitful, since they
possessed the power of love, kindliness, and health. And their energy did
the rest--that will of action, that quiet bravery in the presence of the
labor that is necessary, the labor that has made and that regulates the
earth. But during the first two years they had to struggle incessantly.
There were two disastrous winters with snow and ice, and March brought
hail-storms and hurricanes which left the crops lying low. Even as
Lepailleur had threateningly predicted with a laugh of impotent envy, it
seemed as if the earth meant to prove a bad mother, ungrateful to them
for their toil, indifferent to their losses. During those two years they
only extricated themselves from trouble thanks to the second fifty acres
that they purchased from Seguin, to the west of the plateau, a fresh
expanse of rich soil which they reclaimed amid the marshes, and which, in
spite of frost and hail, yielded a prodigious first harvest. As the
estate gradually expanded, it also grew stronger, better able to bear

But Mathieu and Marianne also had great family worries. Their five elder
children gave them much anxiety, much fatigue. As with the soil, here
again there was a daily battle, endless cares and endless fears. Little
Gervais was stricken with fever and narrowly escaped death. Rose, too,
one day filled them with the direst alarm, for she fell from a tree in
their presence, but fortunately with no worse injury than a sprain. And,
on the other hand, they were happy in the three others, Blaise, Denis,
and Ambroise, who proved as healthy as young oak-trees. And when Marianne
gave birth to her sixth child, on whom they bestowed the gay name of
Claire, Mathieu celebrated the new pledge of their affection by further

Then, during the two ensuing years, their battles and sadness and joy all
resulted in victory once more. Marianne gave birth, and Mathieu conquered
new lands. There was ever much labor, much life expended, and much life
realized and harvested. This time it was a question of enlarging the
estate on the side of the moorlands, the sandy, gravelly slopes where
nothing had grown for centuries. The captured sources of the tableland,
directed towards those uncultivated tracts, gradually fertilized them,
covered them with increasing vegetation. There were partial failures at
first, and defeat even seemed possible, so great was the patient
determination which the creative effort demanded. But here, too, the
crops at last overflowed, while the intelligent felling of a part of the
purchased woods resulted in a large profit, and gave Mathieu an idea of
cultivating some of the spacious clearings hitherto overgrown with

And while the estate spread the children grew. It had been necessary to
send the three elder ones--Blaise, Denis, and Ambroise--to a school in
Paris, whither they gallantly repaired each day by the first train,
returning only in the evening. But the three others, little Gervais and
the girls Rose and Claire, were still allowed all freedom in the midst of
Nature. Marianne, however, gave birth to a seventh child, amid
circumstances which caused Mathieu keen anxiety. For a moment, indeed, he
feared that he might lose her. But her healthful temperament triumphed
over all, and the child--a boy, named Gregoire--soon drank life and
strength from her breast, as from the very source of existence. When
Mathieu saw his wife smiling again with that dear little one in her arms,
he embraced her passionately, and triumphed once again over every sorrow
and every pang. Yet another child, yet more wealth and power, yet an
additional force born into the world, another field ready for to-morrow's

And 'twas ever the great work, the good work, the work of fruitfulness
spreading, thanks to the earth and to woman, both victorious over
destruction, offering fresh means of subsistence each time a fresh child
was born, and loving, willing, battling, toiling even amid suffering, and
ever tending to increase of life and increase of hope.

  *  *  *  *  *  *

Then two more years rolled on. And during those two years Mathieu and
Marianne had yet another child, a girl. And again, at the same time as
the family increased, the estate of Chantebled was increased also--on one
side by five-and-seventy acres of woodland stretching over the plateau as
far as the fields of Mareuil, and on the other by five-and-seventy acres
of sloping moorland, extending to the village of Monval, alongside the
railway line. But the principal change was that, as the old hunting-box,
the little dilapidated pavilion, no longer offered sufficient
accommodation, a whole farmstead had to be erected--stone buildings, and
barns, and sheds, and stables, and cowhouses--for farm hands and crops
and animals, whose number increased at each enlargement of the estate.

It was the resistless conquest of life; it was fruitfulness spreading in
the sunlight; it was labor ever incessantly pursuing its work of creation
amid obstacles and suffering, ever making good all losses, and at each
succeeding hour setting more energy, more health, and more joy in the
veins of the world.

But during those two years, while Chantebled grew, while labor and worry
and victory alternated, Mathieu suddenly found himself mixed up in a
terribly tragedy. He was obliged to come to Paris at times--more often
indeed than he cared--now through his business relations with Seguin, now
to sell, now to buy, now to order one thing or another. He often
purchased implements and appliances at the Beauchene works, and had thus
kept up intercourse with Morange, who once more seemed a changed man.
Time had largely healed the wound left by his wife's death, particularly
as she seemed to live again in Reine, to whom he was more attached than
ever. Reine was no longer a child; she had become a woman. Still her
father hoped to keep her with him some years yet, while working with all
diligence, saving and saving every penny that he could spare, in order to
increase her dowry.

But the inevitable was on the march, for the girl had become the constant
companion of Seraphine. The latter, however depraved she might be, had
certainly in the first instance entertained no idea of corrupting the
child whom she patronized. She had at first taken her solely to such
places of amusement as were fit for her years and understanding. But
little by little the descent had come. Reine, too, as she grew into a
woman, amid the hours of idleness when she was left alone by her
father--who, perforce, had to spend his days at the Beauchene
works--developed an ardent temperament and a thirst for every frivolous
pleasure. And by degrees the once simply petted child became a
participator in Seraphine's own reckless and dissolute life.

When the end came, and Reine found herself in dire trouble because of a
high State functionary, a married man, a friend of Seraphine's--both
women quite lost their heads. Such a blow might kill Morange. Everything
must be hidden from him; but how? Thereupon Seraphine devised a plan. She
obtained permission for Reine to accompany her on a visit into the
country; but while the fond father imagined that his daughter was
enjoying herself among society folk at a chateau in the Loiret, she was
really hiding in Paris. It was indeed a repetition of her mother's tragic
story, with this difference--that Seraphine addressed herself to no
vulgar Madame Rouche, but to an assistant of her own surgeon, Gaude, a
certain Sarraille, who had a dingy den of a clinic in the Passage Tivoli.

It was a bright day in August, and Mathieu, who had come to Paris to make
some purchases at the Beauchene works, was lunching alone with Morange at
the latter's flat, when Seraphine arrived there breathless and in
consternation. Reine, she said, had been taken ill in the country, and
she had brought her back to Paris to her own flat. But it was not
thither; it was to Sarraille's den that she drove Morange and Mathieu.
And there the frightful scene which had been enacted at La Rouche's at
the time of Valerie's death was repeated. Reine, too, was dead--dead like
her mother! And Morange, in a first outburst of fury threatened both
Seraphine and Sarraille with the scaffold. For half an hour there was no
mastering him, but all at once he broke down. To lose his daughter as he
had lost his wife, it was too appalling; the blow was too great; he had
strength left only to weep. Sarraille, moreover, defended himself; he
swore that he had known nothing of the truth, that the deceased had
simply come to him for legitimate treatment, and that both she and the
Baroness had deceived him. Then Seraphine on her side took hold of
Morange's hands, protesting her devotion, her frightful grief, her fear,
too, lest the reputation of the poor dear girl should be dragged through
the mire, if he (the father) did not keep the terrible secret. She
accepted her share of responsibility and blame, admitted that she had
been very culpable, and spoke of eternal remorse. But might the terrible
truth be buried in the dead girl's grave, might there be none but pure
flowers strewn upon that grave, might she who lay therein be regretted by
all who had known her, as one snatched away in all innocence of youth and

And Morange yielded to his weakness of heart, stifling the while with
sobs, and scarce repeating that word "Murderers!" which had sprung from
his lips so impulsively a little while before. He thought, too, of the
scandal, an autopsy, a court of law, the newspapers recounting the crime,
his daughter's memory covered with mire, and--No! no! he could have none
of that. Whatever Seraphine might be, she had spoken rightly.

Then his powerlessness to avenge his daughter completed his prostration.
It was as if he had been beaten almost to the point of death; every one
of his limbs was bruised, his head seemed empty, his heart cold and
scarce able to beat. And he sank into a sort of second childhood,
clasping his hands and stammering plaintively, terrified, and beseeching
compassion, like one whose sufferings are too hard to bear.

And when Mathieu sought to console him he muttered: "Oh, it is all over.
They have both gone, one after the other, and I alone am guilty. The
first time it was I who lied to Reine, telling her that her mother was
travelling; and then she in her turn lied to me the other day with that
story of an invitation to a chateau in the country. Ah! if eight years
ago I had only opposed my poor Valerie's madness, my poor Reine would
still be alive to-day. . . . Yes, it is all my fault; I alone killed them
by my weakness. I am their murderer."

Shivering, deathly cold, he went on amid his sobs: "And, wretched fool
that I have been, I have killed them through loving them too much. They
were so beautiful, and it was so excusable for them to be rich and gay
and happy. One after the other they took my heart from me, and I lived
only in them and by them and for them. When one had left me, the other
became my all in all, and for her, my daughter, I again indulged in the
dream of ambition which had originated with her mother. And yet I killed
them both, and my mad desire to rise and conquer fortune led me to that
twofold crime. Ah! when I think that even this morning I still dared to
esteem myself happy at having but that one child, that daughter to
cherish! What foolish blasphemy against love and life! She is dead now,
dead like her mother, and I am alone, with nobody to love and nobody to
love me--neither wife nor daughter, neither desire nor will, but
alone--ah! all alone, forever!"

It was the cry of supreme abandonment that he raised, while sinking to
the floor strengthless, with a great void within him; and all he could do
was to press Mathieu's hands and stammer: "Leave me--tell me nothing. You
alone were right. I refused the offers of life, and life has now taken
everything from me."

Mathieu, in tears himself, kissed him and lingered yet a few moments
longer in that tragic den, feeling more moved than he had ever felt
before. And when he went off he left the unhappy Morange in the charge of
Seraphine, who now treated him like a little ailing child whose
will-power was entirely gone.

And at Chantebled, as time went on, Mathieu and Marianne founded,
created, increased, and multiplied. During the two years which elapsed,
they again proved victorious in the eternal battle which life wages
against death, thanks to that continual increase both of offspring and of
fertile land which was like their very existence, their joy, and their
strength. Desire passed like a gust of flame--desire divine and fruitful,
since they possessed the power of love, kindliness, and health. And their
energy did the rest--that will of action, that quiet bravery in the
presence of the labor that is necessary, the labor that has made and that
regulates the world. They were, however, still in the hard, trying,
earlier stage of their work of conquest, and they often wept with grief
and anxiety. Many were their cares, too, in transforming the old pavilion
into a farm. The outlay was considerable, and at times it seemed as if
the crops would never pay the building accounts. Moreover, as the
enterprise grew in magnitude, and there came more and more cattle, more
and more horses, a larger staff of both men and girls became necessary,
to say nothing of additional implements and appliances, and the increase
of supervision which left the Froments little rest. Mathieu controlled
the agricultural part of the enterprise, ever seeking improved methods
for drawing from the earth all the life that slumbered within it. And
Marianne watched over the farmyard, the dairy, the poultry, and showed
herself a first-class accountant, keeping the books, and receiving and
paying money. And thus, in spite of recurring worries, strokes of bad
luck and inevitable mistakes, fortune smiled on them athwart all worries
and losses, so brave and sensible did they prove in their incessant daily

Apart, too, from the new buildings, the estate was increased by
five-and-seventy acres of woodland, and five-and-seventy acres of sandy
sloping soil. Mathieu's battle with those sandy slopes became yet keener,
more and more heroic as his field of action expanded; but he ended by
conquering, by fertilizing them yet more each season, thanks to the
fructifying springs which he directed through them upon every side. And
in the same way he cut broad roads through the new woods which he
purchased on the plateau, in order to increase the means of communication
and carry into effect his idea of using the clearings as pasture for his
cattle, pending the time when he might largely devote himself to
stock-raising. In this wise, then, the battle went on, and spread
incessantly in all directions; and the chances of decisive victory
likewise increased, compensation for possible loss on one side being
found on another where the harvest proved prodigious.

And, like the estate, the children also grew. Blaise and Denis, the
twins, now already fourteen years of age, reaped prize after prize at
school, putting their younger brother, Ambroise, slightly to shame, for
his quick and ingenious mind was often busy with other matters than his
lessons. Gervais, the girls Rose and Claire, as well as the last-born
boy, little Gregoire, were yet too young to be trusted alone in Paris,
and so they continued growing in the open air of the country, without any
great mishap befalling them. And at the end of those two years Marianne
gave birth to her eighth child, this time a girl, named Louise; and when
Mathieu saw her smiling with the dear little babe in her arms, he
embraced her passionately, and triumphed once again over every sorrow and
every pang. Yet another child, yet more wealth and power, yet an
additional force born into the world, another field ready for to-morrow's

And 'twas ever the great work, the good work, the work of fruitfulness
spreading, thanks to the earth and thanks to woman, both victorious over
destruction, offering fresh means of subsistence each time a fresh child
was born, and loving, willing, battling, toiling, even amid suffering,
and ever tending to increase of life and increase of hope.

  *  *  *  *  *  *

Then two more years rolled on, and during those two years Mathieu and
Marianne had yet another child, another daughter, whom they called
Madeleine. And once again the estate of Chantebled was increased; this
time by all the marshland whose ponds and whose springs remained to be
drained and captured on the west of the plateau. The whole of this part
of the property was now acquired by the Froments--two hundred acres of
land where, hitherto, only water plants had grown, but which now was
given over to cultivation, and yielded abundant crops. And the new
springs, turned into canals on every side, again carried beneficent life
to the sandy slopes, and fertilized them. It was life's resistless
conquest; it was fruitfulness spreading in the sunlight; it was labor
ever incessantly pursuing its work of creation amid obstacles and
suffering, making good all losses, and at each succeeding hour setting
more energy, more health, and more joy in the veins of the world.

This time it was Seguin himself who asked Mathieu to purchase a fresh
part of the estate, pressing him even to take all that was left of it,
woods and moorland--extending over some five hundred acres. Nowadays
Seguin was often in need of money, and in order to do business he offered
Mathieu lower terms and all sorts of advantages; but the other prudently
declined the proposals, keeping steadfastly to his original intentions,
which were that he would proceed with his work of creation step by step,
in accordance with his exact means and requirements. Moreover, a certain
difficulty arose with regard to the purchase of the remaining moors, for
enclosed by this land, eastward, near the railway line, were a few acres
belonging to Lepailleur, the miller, who had never done anything with
them. And so Mathieu preferred to select what remained of the marshy
plateau, adding, however, that he would enter into negotiations
respecting the moorland later on, when the miller should have consented
to sell his enclosure. He knew that, ever since his property had been
increasing, Lepailleur had regarded him with the greatest jealousy and
hatred, and he did not think it advisable to apply to him personally,
certain as he felt that he would fail in his endeavor. Seguin, however,
pretended that if he took up the matter he would know how to bring the
miller to reason, and even secure the enclosure for next to nothing. And
indeed, thinking that he might yet induce Mathieu to purchase all the
remaining property, he determined to see Lepailleur and negotiate with
him before even signing the deed which was to convey to Mathieu the
selected marshland on the plateau.

But the outcome proved as Mathieu had foreseen. Lepailleur asked such a
monstrous price for his few acres enclosed within the estate that nothing
could be done. When he was approached on the subject by Seguin, he made
little secret of the rage he felt at Mathieu's triumph. He had told the
young man that he would never succeed in reaping an ear of wheat from
that uncultivated expanse, given over to brambles for centuries past; and
yet now it was covered with abundant crops! And this had increased the
miller's rancor against the soil; he hated it yet more than ever for its
harshness to him, a peasant's son, and its kindliness towards that
bourgeois, who seemed to have fallen from heaven expressly to
revolutionize the region. Thus, in answer to Seguin, he declared with a
sneer that since sorcerers had sprung up who were able to make wheat
sprout from stones, his patch of ground was now worth its weight in gold.
Several years previously, no doubt, he had offered Seguin the enclosure
for a trifle; but times had changed, and he now crowed loudly over the
other's folly in not entertaining his previous offer.

On the other hand, there seemed little likelihood of his turning the
enclosure to account himself, for he was more disgusted than ever with
the tilling of the soil. His disposition had been further embittered by
the birth of a daughter, whom he would willingly have dispensed with,
anxious as he was with respect to his son Antonin, now a lad of twelve,
who proved so sharp and quick at school that he was regarded by the folks
of Janville as a little prodigy. Mathieu had mortally offended the father
and mother by suggesting that Antonin should be sent to an agricultural
college--a very sensible suggestion, but one which exasperated them,
determined as they were to make him a gentleman.

As Lepailleur would not part with his enclosure on any reasonable terms,
Seguin had to content himself for the time with selling Mathieu the
selected marshland on the plateau. A deed of conveyance having been
prepared, they exchanged signatures. And then, on Seguin's hands, there
still remained nearly two hundred and fifty acres of woods in the
direction of Lillebonne, together with the moorlands stretching to
Vieux-Bourg, in which Lepailleur's few acres were enclosed.

It was on the occasion of the visits which he paid Seguin in reference to
these matters that Mathieu became acquainted with the terrible break-up
of the other's home. The very rooms of the house in the Avenue d'Antin,
particularly the once sumptuous "cabinet," spoke of neglect and
abandonment. The desire to cut a figure in society, and to carry the
"fad" of the moment to extremes, ever possessed Seguin; and thus he had
for a while renounced his pretended artistic tastes for certain new forms
of sport--the motor-car craze, and so forth. But his only real passion
was horseflesh, and to this he at last returned. A racing stable which he
set up quickly helped on his ruin. Women and gaming had been responsible
for the loss of part of his large fortune, and now horses were devouring
the remainder. It was said, too, that he gambled at the bourse, in the
hope of recouping himself for his losses on the turf, and by way, too, of
affecting an air of power and influence, for he allowed it to be supposed
that he obtained information direct from members of the Government. And
as his losses increased and downfall threatened him, all that remained of
the _bel esprit_ and moralist, once so prone to discuss literature and
social philosophy with Santerre, was an embittered, impotent
individual--one who had proclaimed himself a pessimist for fashion's
sake, and was now caught in his own trap; having so spoilt his existence
that he was now but an artisan of corruption and death.

All was disaster in his home. Celeste the maid had long since been
dismissed, and the children were now in the charge of a certain German
governess called Nora, who virtually ruled the house. Her position with
respect to Seguin was evident to one and all; but then, what of Seguin's
wife and Santerre? The worst was, that this horrible life, which seemed
to be accepted on either side, was known to the children, or, at all
events, to the elder daughter Lucie, yet scarcely in her teens. There had
been terrible scenes with this child, who evinced a mystical disposition,
and was ever talking of becoming a nun when she grew up. Gaston, her
brother, resembled his father; he was brutal in his ways, narrow-minded,
supremely egotistical. Very different was the little girl Andree, whom La
Catiche had suckled. She had become a pretty child--so affectionate,
docile, and gay, that she scarcely complained even of her brother's
teasing, almost bullying ways. "What a pity," thought Mathieu, "that so
lovable a child should have to grow up amid such surroundings!"

And then his thoughts turned to his own home--to Chantebled. The debts
contracted at the outset of his enterprise had at last been paid, and he
alone was now the master there, resolved to have no other partners than
his wife and children. It was for each of his children that he conquered
a fresh expanse of land. That estate would remain their home, their
source of nourishment, the tie linking them together, even if they became
dispersed through the world in a variety of social positions. And thus
how decisive was that growth of the property, the acquisition of that
last lot of marshland which allowed the whole plateau to be cultivated!
There might now come yet another child, for there would be food for him;
wheat would grow to provide him with daily bread. And when the work was
finished, when the last springs were captured, and the land had been
drained and cleared, how prodigious was the scene at springtide!--with
the whole expanse, as far as eye could see, one mass of greenery, full of
the promise of harvest. Therein was compensation for every tear, every
worry and anxiety of the earlier days of labor.

Meantime Mathieu, amid his creative work, received Marianne's gay and
courageous assistance. And she was not merely a skilful helpmate, taking
a share in the general management, keeping the accounts, and watching
over the home. She remained both a loving and well-loved spouse, and a
mother who nursed, reared, and educated her little ones in order to give
them some of her own sense and heart. As Boutan remarked, it is not
enough for a woman to have a child; she should also possess healthy moral
gifts in order that she may bring it up in creditable fashion. Marianne,
for her part, made it her pride to obtain everything from her children by
dint of gentleness and grace. She was listened to, obeyed, and worshipped
by them, because she was so beautiful, so kind, and so greatly beloved.
Her task was scarcely easy, since she had eight children already; but in
all things she proceeded in a very orderly fashion, utilizing the elder
to watch over the younger ones, giving each a little share of loving
authority, and extricating herself from every embarrassment by setting
truth and justice above one and all. Blaise and Denis, the twins, who
were now sixteen, and Ambroise, who was nearly fourteen, did in a measure
escape her authority, being largely in their father's hands. But around
her she had the five others--from Rose, who was eleven, to Louise, who
was two years old; between them, at intervals of a couple of years,
coming Gervais, Claire, and Gregoire. And each time that one flew away,
as it were, feeling his wings strong enough for flight, there appeared
another to nestle beside her. And it was again a daughter, Madeleine, who
came at the expiration of those two years. And when Mathieu saw his wife
erect and smiling again, with the dear little girl at her breast, he
embraced her passionately and triumphed once again over every sorrow and
every pang. Yet another child, yet more wealth and power, yet an
additional force born into the world, another field ready for to-morrow's

And 'twas ever the great work, the good work, the work of fruitfulness
spreading, thanks to the earth and thanks to woman, both victorious over
destruction, offering fresh means of subsistence each time a fresh child
was born, and loving, willing, battling, toiling even amid suffering, and
ever tending to increase of life and increase of hope.


TWO more years went by, and during those two years Mathieu and Marianne
had yet another daughter; and this time, as the family increased,
Chantebled also was increased by all the woodland extending eastward of
the plateau to the distant farms of Mareuil and Lillebonne. All the
northern part of the property was thus acquired: more than five hundred
acres of woods, intersected by clearings which roads soon connected
together. And those clearings, transformed into pasture-land, watered by
the neighboring springs, enabled Mathieu to treble his live-stock and
attempt cattle-raising on a large scale. It was the resistless conquest
of life, it was fruitfulness spreading in the sunlight, it was labor ever
incessantly pursuing its work of creation amid obstacles and suffering,
making good all losses, and at each succeeding hour setting more energy,
more health, and more joy in the veins of the world.

Since the Froments had become conquerors, busily founding a little
kingdom and building up a substantial fortune in land, the Beauchenes no
longer derided them respecting what they had once deemed their
extravagant idea in establishing themselves in the country. Astonished
and anticipating now the fullest success, they treated them as well-to-do
relatives, and occasionally visited them, delighted with the aspect of
that big, bustling farm, so full of life and prosperity. It was in the
course of these visits that Constance renewed her intercourse with her
former schoolfellow, Madame Angelin, the Froments' neighbor. A great
change had come over the Angelins; they had ended by purchasing a little
house at the end of the village, where they invariably spent the summer,
but their buoyant happiness seemed to have departed. They had long
desired to remain unburdened by children, and now they eagerly longed to
have a child, and none came, though Claire, the wife, was as yet but
six-and-thirty. Her husband, the once gay, handsome musketeer, was
already turning gray and losing his eyesight--to such a degree, indeed,
that he could scarcely see well enough to continue his profession as a

When Madame Angelin went to Paris she often called on Constance, to whom,
before long, she confided all her worries. She had been in a doctor's
hands for three years, but all to no avail, and now during the last six
months she had been consulting a person in the Rue de Miromesnil, a
certain Madame Bourdieu, said she.

Constance at first made light of her friend's statements, and in part
declined to believe her. But when she found herself alone she felt
disquieted by what she had heard. Perhaps she would have treated the
matter as mere idle tittle-tattle, if she had not already regretted that
she herself had no second child. On the day when the unhappy Morange had
lost his only daughter, and had remained stricken down, utterly alone in
life, she had experienced a vague feeling of anguish. Since that supreme
loss the wretched accountant had been living on in a state of imbecile
stupefaction, simply discharging his duties in a mechanical sort of way
from force of habit. Scarcely speaking, but showing great gentleness of
manner, he lived as one who was stranded, fated to remain forever at
Beauchene's works, where his salary had now risen to eight thousand
francs a year. It was not known what he did with this amount, which was
considerable for a man who led such a narrow regular life, free from
expenses and fancies outside his home--that flat which was much too big
for him, but which he had, nevertheless, obstinately retained, shutting
himself up therein, and leading a most misanthropic life in fierce

It was his grievous prostration which had at one moment quite upset and
affected Constance, so that she had even sobbed with the desolate
man--she whose tears flowed so seldom! No doubt a thought that she might
have had other children than Maurice came back to her in certain bitter
hours of unconscious self-examination, when from the depths of her being,
in which feelings of motherliness awakened, there rose vague fear, sudden
dread, such as she had never known before.

Yet Maurice, her son, after a delicate youth which had necessitated great
care, was now a handsome fellow of nineteen, still somewhat pale, but
vigorous in appearance. He had completed his studies in a fairly
satisfactory manner, and was already helping his father in the management
of the works. And his adoring mother had never set higher hopes upon his
head. She already pictured him as the master of that great establishment,
whose prosperity he would yet increase, thereby rising to royal wealth
and power.

Constance's worship for that only son, to-morrow's hero; increased the
more since his father day by day declined in her estimation, till she
regarded him in fact with naught but contempt and disgust. It was a
logical downfall, which she could not stop, and the successive phases of
which she herself fatally precipitated. At the outset she had overlooked
his infidelity; then from a spirit of duty and to save him from
irreparable folly she had sought to retain him near her; and finally,
failing in her endeavor, she had begun to feel loathing and disgust. He
was now two-and-forty, he drank too much, he ate too much, he smoked too
much. He was growing corpulent and scant of breath, with hanging lips and
heavy eyelids; he no longer took care of his person as formerly, but went
about slipshod, and indulged in the coarsest pleasantries. But it was
more particularly away from his home that he sank into degradation,
indulging in the low debauchery which had ever attracted him. Every now
and again he disappeared from the house and slept elsewhere; then he
concocted such ridiculous falsehoods that he could not be believed, or
else did not take the trouble to lie at all. Constance, who felt
powerless to influence him, ended by allowing him complete freedom.

The worst was, that the dissolute life he led grievously affected the
business. He who had been such a great and energetic worker had lost both
mental and bodily vigor; he could no longer plan remunerative strokes of
business; he no longer had the strength to undertake important contracts.
He lingered in bed in the morning, and remained for three or four days
without once going round the works, letting disorder and waste accumulate
there, so that his once triumphal stock-takings now year by year showed a
falling-off. And what an end it was for that egotist, that enjoyer, so
gayly and noisily active, who had always professed that money--capital
increased tenfold by the labor of others--was the only desirable source
of power, and whom excess of money and excess of enjoyment now cast with
appropriate irony to slow ruin, the final paralysis of the impotent.

But a supreme blow was to fall on Constance and fill her with horror of
her husband. Some anonymous letters, the low, treacherous revenge of a
dismissed servant, apprised her of Beauchene's former intrigue with
Norine, that work-girl who had given birth to a boy, spirited away none
knew whither. Though ten years had elapsed since that occurrence,
Constance could not think of it without a feeling of revolt. Whither had
that child been sent? Was he still alive? What ignominious existence was
he leading? She was vaguely jealous of the boy. The thought that her
husband had two sons and she but one was painful to her, now that all her
motherly nature was aroused. But she devoted herself yet more ardently to
her fondly loved Maurice; she made a demi-god of him, and for his sake
even sacrificed her just rancor. She indeed came to the conclusion that
he must not suffer from his father's indignity, and so it was for him
that, with extraordinary strength of will, she ever preserved a proud
demeanor, feigning that she was ignorant of everything, never addressing
a reproach to her husband, but remaining, in the presence of others, the
same respectful wife as formerly. And even when they were alone together
she kept silence and avoided explanations and quarrels. Never even
thinking of the possibility of revenge, she seemed, in the presence of
her husband's profligacy, to attach herself more firmly to her home,
clinging to her son, and protected by him from thought of evil as much as
by her own sternness of heart and principles. And thus sorely wounded,
full of repugnance but hiding her contempt, she awaited the triumph of
that son who would purify and save the house, feeling the greatest faith
in his strength, and quite surprised and anxious whenever, all at once,
without reasonable cause, a little quiver from the unknown brought her a
chill, affecting her heart as with remorse for some long-past fault which
she no longer remembered.

That little quiver came back while she listened to all that Madame
Angelin confided to her. And at last she became quite interested in her
friend's case, and offered to accompany her some day when she might be
calling on Madame Bourdieu. In the end they arranged to meet one Thursday
afternoon for the purpose of going together to the Rue de Miromesnil.

As it happened, that same Thursday, about two o'clock, Mathieu, who had
come to Paris to see about a threshing-machine at Beauchene's works, was
quietly walking along the Rue La Boetie when he met Cecile Moineaud, who
was carrying a little parcel carefully tied round with string. She was
now nearly twenty-one, but had remained slim, pale, and weak, since
passing through the hands of Dr. Gaude. Mathieu had taken a great liking
to her during the few months she had spent as a servant at Chantebled;
and later, knowing what had befallen her at the hospital, he had regarded
her with deep compassion. He had busied himself to find her easy work,
and a friend of his had given her some cardboard boxes to paste together,
the only employment that did not tire her thin weak hands. So childish
had she remained that one would have taken her for a young girl suddenly
arrested in her growth. Yet her slender fingers were skilful, and she
contrived to earn some two francs a day in making the little boxes. And
as she suffered greatly at her parents' home, tortured by her brutal
surroundings there, and robbed of her earnings week by week, her dream
was to secure a home of her own, to find a little money that would enable
her to install herself in a room where she might live in peace and
quietness. It had occurred to Mathieu to give her a pleasant surprise
some day by supplying her with the small sum she needed.

"Where are you running so fast?" he gayly asked her.

The meeting seemed to take her aback, and she answered in an evasive,
embarrassed way: "I am going to the Rue de Miromesnil for a call I have
to make."

Noticing his kindly air, however, she soon told him the truth. Her
sister, that poor creature Norine, had just given birth to another child,
her third, at Madame Bourdieu's establishment. A gentleman who had been
protecting her had cast her adrift, and she had been obliged to sell her
few sticks of furniture in order to get together a couple of hundred
francs, and thus secure admittance to Madame Bourdieu's house, for the
mere idea of having to go to a hospital terrified her. Whenever she might
be able to get about again, however, she would find herself in the
streets, with the task of beginning life anew at one-and-thirty years of

"She never behaved unkindly to me," resumed Cecile. "I pity her with all
my heart, and I have been to see her. I am taking her a little chocolate
now. Ah! if you only saw her little boy! he is a perfect love!"

The poor girl's eyes shone, and her thin, pale face became radiant with a
smile. The instinct of maternity remained keen within her, though she
could never be a mother.

"What a pity it is," she continued, "that Norine is so obstinately
determined on getting rid of the baby, just as she got rid of the others.
This little fellow, it's true, cries so much that she has had to give him
the breast. But it's only for the time being; she says that she can't see
him starve while he remains near her. But it quite upsets me to think
that one can get rid of one's children; I had an idea of arranging things
very differently. You know that I want to leave my parents, don't you?
Well, I thought of renting a room and of taking my sister and her little
boy with me. I would show Norine how to cut out and paste up those little
boxes, and we might live, all three, happily together."

"And won't she consent?" asked Mathieu.

"Oh! she told me that I was mad; and there's some truth in that, for I
have no money even to rent a room. Ah! if you only knew how it distresses

Mathieu concealed his emotion, and resumed in his quiet way: "Well, there
are rooms to be rented. And you would find a friend to help you. Only I
am much afraid that you will never persuade your sister to keep her
child, for I fancy that I know her ideas on that subject. A miracle would
be needed to change them."

Quick-witted as she was, Cecile darted a glance at him. The friend he
spoke of was himself. Good heavens would her dream come true? She ended
by bravely saying: "Listen, monsieur; you are so kind that you really
ought to do me a last favor. It would be to come with me and see Norine
at once. You alone can talk to her and prevail on her perhaps. But let us
walk slowly, for I am stifling, I feel so happy."

Mathieu, deeply touched, walked on beside her. They turned the corner of
the Rue de Miromesnil, and his own heart began to beat as they climbed
the stairs of Madame Bourdieu's establishment. Ten years ago! Was it
possible? He recalled everything that he had seen and heard in that
house. And it all seemed to date from yesterday, for the building had not
changed; indeed, he fancied that he could recognize the very grease-spots
on the doors on the various landings.

Following Cecile to Norine's room, he found Norine up and dressed, but
seated at the side of her bed and nursing her babe.

"What! is it you, monsieur?" she exclaimed, as soon as she recognized her
visitor. "It is very kind of Cecile to have brought you. Ah! _mon Dieu_
what a lot of things have happened since I last saw you! We are none of
us any the younger."

He scrutinized her, and she did indeed seem to him much aged. She was one
of those blondes who fade rapidly after their thirtieth year. Still, if
her face had become pasty and wore a weary expression, she remained
pleasant-looking, and seemed as heedless, as careless as ever.

Cecile wished to bring matters to the point at once. "Here is your
chocolate," she began. "I met Monsieur Froment in the street, and he is
so kind and takes so much interest in me that he is willing to help me in
carrying out my idea of renting a room where you might live and work with
me. So I begged him to come up here and talk with you, and prevail on you
to keep that poor little fellow of yours. You see, I don't want to take
you unawares; I warn you in advance."

Norine started with emotion, and began to protest. "What is all this
again?" said she. "No, no, I don't want to be worried. I'm too unhappy as
it is."

But Mathieu immediately intervened, and made her understand that if she
reverted to the life she had been leading she would simply sink lower and
lower. She herself had no illusions on that point; she spoke bitterly
enough of her experiences. Her youth had flown, her good-looks were
departing, and the prospect seemed hopeless enough. But then what could
she do? When one had fallen into the mire one had to stay there.

"Ah! yes, ah! yes," said she; "I've had enough of that infernal life
which some folks think so amusing. But it's like a stone round my neck; I
can't get rid of it. I shall have to keep to it till I'm picked up in
some corner and carried off to die at a hospital."

She spoke these words with the fierce energy of one who all at once
clearly perceives the fate which she cannot escape. Then she glanced at
her infant, who was still nursing. "He had better go his way and I'll go
mine," she added. "Then we shan't inconvenience one another."

This time her voice softened, and an expression of infinite tenderness
passed over her desolate face. And Mathieu, in astonishment, divining the
new emotion that possessed her, though she did not express it, made haste
to rejoin: "To let him go his way would be the shortest way to kill him,
now that you have begun to give him the breast."

"Is it my fault?" she angrily exclaimed. "I didn't want to give it to
him; you know what my ideas were. And I flew into a passion and almost
fought Madame Bourdieu when she put him in my arms. But then how could I
hold out? He cried so dreadfully with hunger, poor little mite, and
seemed to suffer so much, that I was weak enough to let him nurse just a
little. I didn't intend to repeat it, but the next day he cried again,
and so I had to continue, worse luck for me! There was no pity shown me;
I've been made a hundred times more unhappy than I should have been, for,
of course, I shall soon have to get rid of him as I got rid of the

Tears appeared in her eyes. It was the oft-recurring story of the
girl-mother who is prevailed upon to nurse her child for a few days, in
the hope that she will grow attached to the babe and be unable to part
from it. The chief object in view is to save the child, because its best
nurse is its natural nurse, the mother. And Norine, instinctively
divining the trap set for her, had struggled to escape it, and repeated,
sensibly enough, that one ought not to begin such a task when one meant
to throw it up in a few days' time. As soon as she yielded she was
certain to be caught; her egotism was bound to be vanquished by the wave
of pity, love, and hope that would sweep through her heart. The poor,
pale, puny infant had weighed but little the first time he took the
breast. But every morning afterwards he had been weighed afresh, and on
the wall at the foot of the bed had been hung the diagram indicating the
daily difference of weight. At first Norine had taken little interest in
the matter, but as the line gradually ascended, plainly indicating how
much the child was profiting, she gave it more and more attention. All at
once, as the result of an indisposition, the line had dipped down; and
since then she had always feverishly awaited the weighing, eager to see
if the line would once more ascend. Then, a continuous rise having set
in, she laughed with delight. That little line, which ever ascended, told
her that her child was saved, and that all the weight and strength he
acquired was derived from her--from her milk, her blood, her flesh. She
was completing the appointed work; and motherliness, at last awakened
within her, was blossoming in a florescence of love.

"If you want to kill him," continued Mathieu, "you need only take him
from your breast. See how eagerly the poor little fellow is nursing!"

This was indeed true. And Norine burst into big sobs: "_Mon Dieu_! you
are beginning to torture me again. Do you think that I shall take any
pleasure in getting rid of him now? You force me to say things which make
me weep at night when I think of them. I shall feel as if my very vitals
were being torn out when this child is taken from me! There, are you both
pleased that you have made me say it? But what good does it do to put me
in such a state, since nobody can remedy things, and he must needs go to
the foundlings, while I return to the gutter, to wait for the broom
that's to sweep me away?"

But Cecile, who likewise was weeping, kissed and kissed the child, and
again reverted to her dream, explaining how happy they would be, all
three of them, in a nice room, which she pictured full of endless joys,
like some Paradise. It was by no means difficult to cut out and paste up
the little boxes. As soon as Norine should know the work, she, who was
strong, might perhaps earn three francs a day at it. And five francs a
day between them, would not that mean fortune, the rearing of the child,
and all evil things forgotten, at an end? Norine, more weary than ever,
gave way at last, and ceased refusing.

"You daze me," she said. "I don't know. Do as you like--but certainly it
will be great happiness to keep this dear little fellow with me."

Cecile, enraptured, clapped her hands; while Mathieu, who was greatly
moved, gave utterance to these deeply significant words: "You have saved
him, and now he saves you."

Then Norine at last smiled. She felt happy now; a great weight had been
lifted from her heart. And carrying her child in her arms she insisted on
accompanying her sister and their friend to the first floor.

During the last half-hour Constance and Madame Angelin had been deep in
consultation with Madame Bourdieu. The former had not given her name, but
had simply played the part of an obliging friend accompanying another on
an occasion of some delicacy. Madame Bourdieu, with the keen scent
characteristic of her profession, divined a possible customer in that
inquisitive lady who put such strange questions to her. However, a rather
painful scene took place, for realizing that she could not forever
deceive Madame Angelin with false hopes, Madame Bourdieu decided to tell
the truth--her case was hopeless. Constance, however, at last made a sign
to entreat her to continue deceiving her friend, if only for charity's
sake. The other, therefore, while conducting her visitors to the landing,
spoke a few hopeful words to Madame Angelin: "After all, dear madame,"
said she, "one must never despair. I did wrong to speak as I did just
now. I may yet be mistaken. Come back to see me again."

At this moment Mathieu and Cecile were still on the landing in
conversation with Norine, whose infant had fallen asleep in her arms.
Constance and Madame Angelin were so surprised at finding the farmer of
Chantebled in the company of the two young women that they pretended they
did not see him. All at once, however, Constance, with the help of
memory, recognized Norine, the more readily perhaps as she was now aware
that Mathieu had, ten years previously, acted as her husband's
intermediary. And a feeling of revolt and the wildest fancies instantly
arose within her. What was Mathieu doing in that house? whose child was
it that the young woman carried in her arms? At that moment the other
child seemed to peer forth from the past; she saw it in swaddling
clothes, like the infant there; indeed, she almost confounded one with
the other, and imagined that it was indeed her husband's illegitimate son
that was sleeping in his mother's arms before her. Then all the
satisfaction she had derived from what she had heard Madame Bourdieu say
departed, and she went off furious and ashamed, as if soiled and
threatened by all the vague abominations which she had for some time felt
around her, without knowing, however, whence came the little chill which
made her shudder as with dread.

As for Mathieu, he saw that neither Norine nor Cecile had recognized
Madame Beauchene under her veil, and so he quietly continued explaining
to the former that he would take steps to secure for her from the
Assistance Publique--the official organization for the relief of the
poor--a cradle and a supply of baby linen, as well as immediate pecuniary
succor, since she undertook to keep and nurse her child. Afterwards he
would obtain for her an allowance of thirty francs a month for at least
one year. This would greatly help the sisters, particularly in the
earlier stages of their life together in the room which they had settled
to rent. When Mathieu added that he would take upon himself the
preliminary outlay of a little furniture and so forth, Norine insisted
upon kissing him.

"Oh! it is with a good heart," said she. "It does one good to meet a man
like you. And come, kiss my poor little fellow, too; it will bring him
good luck."

On reaching the Rue La Boetie it occurred to Mathieu, who was bound for
the Beauchene works, to take a cab and let Cecile alight near her
parents' home, since it was in the neighborhood of the factory. But she
explained to him that she wished, first of all, to call upon her sister
Euphrasie in the Rue Caroline. This street was in the same direction, and
so Mathieu made her get into the cab, telling her that he would set her
down at her sister's door.

She was so amazed, so happy at seeing her dream at last on the point of
realization, that as she sat in the cab by the side of Mathieu she did
not know how to thank him. Her eyes were quite moist, all smiles and

"You must not think me a bad daughter, monsieur," said she, "because I'm
so pleased to leave home. Papa still works as much as he is able, though
he does not get much reward for it at the factory. And mamma does all she
can at home, though she hasn't much strength left her nowadays. Since
Victor came back from the army, he has married and has children of his
own, and I'm even afraid that he'll have more than he can provide for,
as, while he was in the army, he seems to have lost all taste for work.
But the sharpest of the family is that lazy-bones Irma, my younger
sister, who's so pretty and so delicate-looking, perhaps because she's
always ill. As you may remember, mamma used to fear that Irma might turn
out badly like Norine. Well, not at all! Indeed, she's the only one of us
who is likely to do well, for she's going to marry a clerk in the
post-office. And so the only ones left at home are myself and Alfred. Oh!
he is a perfect bandit! That is the plain truth. He committed a theft the
other day, and one had no end of trouble to get him out of the hands of
the police commissary. But all the same, mamma has a weakness for him,
and lets him take all my earnings. Yes, indeed, I've had quite enough of
him, especially as he is always terrifying me out of my wits, threatening
to beat and even kill me, though he well knows that ever since my illness
the slightest noise throws me into a faint. And as, all considered,
neither papa nor mamma needs me, it's quite excusable, isn't it, that I
should prefer living quietly alone. It is my right, is it not, monsieur?"

She went on to speak of her sister Euphrasie, who had fallen into a most
wretched condition, said she, ever since passing through Dr. Gaude's
hands. Her home had virtually been broken up, she had become decrepit, a
mere bundle of rags, unable even to handle a broom. It made one tremble
to see her. Then, after a pause, just as the cab was reaching the Rue
Caroline, the girl continued: "Will you come up to see her? You might say
a few kind words to her. It would please me, for I'm going on a rather
unpleasant errand. I thought that she would have strength enough to make
some little boxes like me, and thus earn a few pence for herself; but she
has kept the work I gave her more than a month now, and if she really
cannot do it I must take it back."

Mathieu consented, and in the room upstairs he beheld one of the most
frightful, poignant spectacles that he had ever witnessed. In the centre
of that one room where the family slept and ate, Euphrasie sat on a
straw-bottomed chair; and although she was barely thirty years of age,
one might have taken her for a little old woman of fifty; so thin and so
withered did she look that she resembled one of those fruits, suddenly
deprived of sap, that dry up on the tree. Her teeth had fallen, and of
her hair she only retained a few white locks. But the more characteristic
mark of this mature senility was a wonderful loss of muscular strength,
an almost complete disappearance of will, energy, and power of action, so
that she now spent whole days, idle, stupefied, without courage even to
raise a finger.

When Cecile told her that her visitor was M. Froment, the former chief
designer at the Beauchene works, she did not even seem to recognize him;
she no longer took interest in anything. And when her sister spoke of the
object of her visit, asking for the work with which she had entrusted
her, she answered with a gesture of utter weariness: "Oh! what can you
expect! It takes me too long to stick all those little bits of cardboard
together. I can't do it; it throws me into a perspiration."

Then a stout woman, who was cutting some bread and butter for the three
children, intervened with an air of quiet authority: "You ought to take
those materials away, Mademoiselle Cecile. She's incapable of doing
anything with them. They will end by getting dirty, and then your people
won't take them back."

This stout woman was a certain Madame Joseph, a widow of forty and a
charwoman by calling, whom Benard, the husband, had at first engaged to
come two hours every morning to attend to the housework, his wife not
having strength enough to put on a child's shoes or to set a pot on the
fire. At first Euphrasie had offered furious resistance to this intrusion
of a stranger, but, her physical decline progressing, she had been
obliged to yield. And then things had gone from bad to worse, till Madame
Joseph became supreme in the household. Between times there had been
terrible scenes over it all; but the wretched Euphrasie, stammering and
shivering, had at last resigned herself to the position, like some little
old woman sunk into second childhood and already cut off from the world.
That Benard and Madame Joseph were not bad-hearted in reality was shown
by the fact that although Euphrasie was now but an useless encumbrance,
they kept her with them, instead of flinging her into the streets as
others would have done.

"Why, there you are again in the middle of the room!" suddenly exclaimed
the fat woman, who each time that she went hither and thither found it
necessary to avoid the other's chair. "How funny it is that you can never
put yourself in a corner! Auguste will be coming in for his four o'clock
snack in a moment, and he won't be at all pleased if he doesn't find his
cheese and his glass of wine on the table."

Without replying, Euphrasie nervously staggered to her feet, and with the
greatest trouble dragged her chair towards the table. Then she sat down
again limp and very weary.

Just as Madame Joseph was bringing the cheese, Benard, whose workshop was
near by, made his appearance. He was still a full-bodied, jovial fellow,
and began to jest with his sister-in-law while showing great politeness
towards Mathieu, whom he thanked for taking interest in his unhappy
wife's condition. "_Mon Dieu_, monsieur," said he, "it isn't her fault;
it is all due to those rascally doctors at the hospital. For a year or so
one might have thought her cured, but you see what has now become of her.
Ah! it ought not to be allowed! You are no doubt aware that they treated
Cecile just the same. And there was another, too, a baroness, whom you
must know. She called here the other day to see Euphrasie, and, upon my
word, I didn't recognize her. She used to be such a fine woman, and now
she looks a hundred years old. Yes, yes, I say that the doctors ought to
be sent to prison."

He was about to sit down to table when he stumbled against Euphrasie's
chair. She sat watching him with an anxious, semi-stupefied expression.
"There you are, in my way as usual!" said he; "one is always tumbling up
against you. Come, make a little room, do."

He did not seem to be a very terrible customer, but at the sound of his
voice she began to tremble, full of childish fear, as if she were
threatened with a thrashing. And this time she found strength enough to
drag her chair as far as a dark closet, the door of which was open. She
there sought refuge, ensconcing herself in the gloom, amid which one
could vaguely espy her shrunken, wrinkled face, which suggested that of
some very old great-grandmother, who was taking years and years to die.

Mathieu's heart contracted as he observed that senile terror, that
shivering obedience on the part of a woman whose harsh, dry, aggressively
quarrelsome disposition he so well remembered. Industrious, self-willed,
full of life as she had once been, she was now but a limp human rag. And
yet her case was recorded in medical annals as one of the renowned
Gaude's great miracles of cure. Ah! how truly had Boutan spoken in saying
that people ought to wait to see the real results of those victorious
operations which were sapping the vitality of France.

Cecile, however, with eager affection, kissed the three children, who
somehow continued to grow up in that wrecked household. Tears came to her
eyes, and directly Madame Joseph had given her back the work-materials
entrusted to Euphrasie she hurried Mathieu away. And, as they reached the
street, she said: "Thank you, Monsieur Froment; I can go home on foot
now--. How frightful, eh? Ah! as I told you, we shall be in Paradise,
Norine and I, in the quiet room which you have so kindly promised to rent
for us."

On reaching Beauchene's establishment Mathieu immediately repaired to the
workshops, but he could obtain no precise information respecting his
threshing-machine, though he had ordered it several months previously. He
was told that the master's son, Monsieur Maurice, had gone out on
business, and that nobody could give him an answer, particularly as the
master himself had not put in an appearance at the works that week. He
learnt, however, that Beauchene had returned from a journey that very
day, and must be indoors with his wife. Accordingly, he resolved to call
at the house, less on account of the threshing-machine than to decide a
matter of great interest to him, that of the entry of one of his twin
sons, Blaise, into the establishment.

This big fellow had lately left college, and although he had only
completed his nineteenth year, he was on the point of marrying a
portionless young girl, Charlotte Desvignes, for whom he had conceived a
romantic attachment ever since childhood. His parents, seeing in this
match a renewal of their own former loving improvidence, had felt moved,
and unwilling to drive the lad to despair. But, if he was to marry, some
employment must first be found for him. Fortunately this could be
managed. While Denis, the other of the twins, entered a technical school,
Beauchene, by way of showing his esteem for the increasing fortune of his
good cousins, as he now called the Froments, cordially offered to give
Blaise a situation at his establishment.

On being ushered into Constance's little yellow salon, Mathieu found her
taking a cup of tea with Madame Angelin, who had come back with her from
the Rue de Miromesnil. Beauchene's unexpected arrival on the scene had
disagreeably interrupted their private converse. He had returned from one
of the debauches in which he so frequently indulged under the pretext of
making a short business journey, and, still slightly intoxicated, with
feverish, sunken eyes and clammy tongue, he was wearying the two women
with his impudent, noisy falsehoods.

"Ah! my dear fellow!" he exclaimed on seeing Mathieu, "I was just telling
the ladies of my return from Amiens--. What wonderful duck pates they
have there!"

Then, on Mathieu speaking to him of Blaise, he launched out into
protestations of friendship. It was understood, the young fellow need
only present himself at the works, and in the first instance he should be
put with Morange, in order that he might learn something of the business
mechanism of the establishment. Thus talking, Beauchene puffed and
coughed and spat, exhaling meantime the odor of tobacco, alcohol, and
musk, which he always brought back from his "sprees," while his wife
smiled affectionately before the others as was her wont, but directed at
him glances full of despair and disgust whenever Madame Angelin turned
her head.

As Beauchene continued talking too much, owning for instance that he did
not know how far the thresher might be from completion, Mathieu noticed
Constance listening anxiously. The idea of Blaise entering the
establishment had already rendered her grave, and now her husband's
apparent ignorance of important business matters distressed her. Besides,
the thought of Norine was reviving in her mind; she remembered the girl's
child, and almost feared some fresh understanding between Beauchene and
Mathieu. All at once, however, she gave a cry of great relief: "Ah! here
is Maurice."

Her son was entering the room--her son, the one and only god on whom she
now set her affection and pride, the crown-prince who to-morrow would
become king, who would save the kingdom from perdition, and who would
exalt her on his right hand in a blaze of glory. She deemed him handsome,
tall, strong, and as invincible in his nineteenth year as all the knights
of the old legends. When he explained that he had just profitably
compromised a worrying transaction in which his father had rashly
embarked, she pictured him repairing disasters and achieving victories.
And she triumphed more than ever on hearing him promise that the
threshing-machine should be ready before the end of that same week.

"You must take a cup of tea, my dear," she exclaimed. "It would do you
good; you worry your mind too much."

Maurice accepted the offer, and gayly replied: "Oh! do you know, an
omnibus almost crushed me just now in the Rue de Rivoli!"

At this his mother turned livid, and the cup which she held escaped from
her hand. Ah! God, was her happiness at the mercy of an accident? Then
once again the fearful threat sped by, that icy gust which came she knew
not whence, but which ever chilled her to her bones.

"Why, you stupid," said Beauchene, laughing, "it was he who crushed the
omnibus, since here he is, telling you the tale. Ah! my poor Maurice,
your mother is really ridiculous. I know how strong you are, and I'm
quite at ease about you."

That day Madame Angelin returned to Janville with Mathieu. They found
themselves alone in the railway carriage, and all at once, without any
apparent cause, tears started from the young woman's eyes. At this she
apologized, and murmured as if in a dream: "To have a child, to rear him,
and then lose him--ah! certainly one's grief must then be poignant. Yet
one has had him with one; he has grown up, and one has known for years
all the joy of having him at one's side. But when one never has a
child--never, never--ah! come rather suffering and mourning than such a
void as that!"

And meantime, at Chantebled, Mathieu and Marianne founded, created,
increased, and multiplied, again proving victorious in the eternal battle
which life wages against death, thanks to that continual increase both of
offspring and of fertile land, which was like their very existence, their
joy and their strength. Desire passed like a gust of flame, desire divine
and fruitful, since they possessed the power of love, of kindliness, and
health. And their energy did the rest--that will of action, that quiet
bravery in the presence of the labor that is necessary, the labor that
has made and that regulates the world. Yet even during those two years it
was not without constant struggling that they achieved victory. True,
victory was becoming more and more certain as the estate expanded. The
petty worries of earlier days had disappeared, and the chief question was
now one of ruling sensibly and equitably. All the land had been purchased
northward on the plateau, from the farm of Mareuil to the farm of
Lillebonne; there was not a copse that did not belong to the Froments,
and thus beside the surging sea of corn there rose a royal park of
centenarian trees. Apart from the question of felling portions of the
wood for timber, Mathieu was not disposed to retain the remainder for
mere beauty's sake; and accordingly avenues were devised connecting the
broad clearings, and cattle were then turned into this part of the
property. The ark of life, increased by hundreds of animals, expanded,
burst through the great trees. There was a fresh growth of fruitfulness:
more and more cattle-sheds had to be built, sheepcotes had to be created,
and manure came in loads and loads to endow the land with wondrous
fertility. And now yet other children might come, for floods of milk
poured forth, and there were herds and flocks to clothe and nourish them.
Beside the ripening crops the woods waved their greenery, quivering with
the eternal seeds that germinated in their shade, under the dazzling sun.
And only one more stretch of land, the sandy slopes on the east, remained
to be conquered in order that the kingdom might be complete. Assuredly
this compensated one for all former tears, for all the bitter anxiety of
the first years of toil.

Then, while Mathieu completed his conquest, there came to Marianne during
those two years the joy of marrying one of her children even while she
was again _enceinte_, for, like our good mother the earth, she also
remained fruitful. 'Twas a delightful fete, full of infinite hope, that
wedding of Blaise and Charlotte; he a strong young fellow of nineteen,
she an adorable girl of eighteen summers, each loving the other with a
love of nosegay freshness that had budded, even in childhood's hour,
along the flowery paths of Chantebled. The eight other children were all
there: first the big brothers, Denis, Ambroise, and Gervais, who were now
finishing their studies; next Rose, the eldest girl, now fourteen, who
promised to become a woman of healthy beauty and happy gayety of
disposition; then Claire, who was still a child, and Gregoire, who was
only just going to college; without counting the very little ones, Louise
and Madeleine.

Folks came out of curiosity from the surrounding villages to see the gay
troop conduct their big brother to the municipal offices. It was a
marvellous cortege, flowery like springtide, full of felicity, which
moved every heart. Often, moreover, on ordinary holidays, when for the
sake of an outing the family repaired in a band to some village market,
there was such a gallop in traps, on horseback, and on bicycles, while
the girls' hair streamed in the wind and loud laughter rang out from one
and all, that people would stop to watch the charming cavalcade. "Here
are the troops passing!" folks would jestingly exclaim, implying that
nothing could resist those Froments, that the whole countryside was
theirs by right of conquest, since every two years their number
increased. And this time, at the expiration of those last two years it
was again to a daughter, Marguerite, that Marianne gave birth. For a
while she remained in a feverish condition, and there were fears, too,
that she might be unable to nurse her infant as she had done all the
others. Thus, when Mathieu saw her erect once more and smiling, with her
dear little Marguerite at her breast, he embraced her passionately, and
triumphed once again over every sorrow and every pang. Yet another child,
yet more wealth and power, yet an additional force born into the world,
another field ready for to-morrow's harvest!

And 'twas ever the great work, the good work, the work of fruitfulness
spreading, thanks to the earth and thanks to woman, both victorious over
destruction, offering fresh means of subsistence each time a fresh child
was born, and loving, willing, battling, toiling, even amid suffering,
and ever tending to increase of life and increase of hope.


TWO more years went by, and during those two years yet another child,
this time a boy, was born to Mathieu and Marianne. And on this occasion,
at the same time as the family increased, the estate of Chantebled was
increased also by all the heatherland extending to the east as far as the
village of Vieux-Bourg. And this time the last lot was purchased, the
conquest of the estate was complete. The 1250 acres of uncultivated soil
which Seguin's father, the old army contractor, had formerly purchased in
view of erecting a palatial residence there were now, thanks to
unremitting effort, becoming fruitful from end to end. The enclosure
belonging to the Lepailleurs, who stubbornly refused to sell it, alone
set a strip of dry, stony, desolate land amid the broad green plain. And
it was all life's resistless conquest; it was fruitfulness spreading in
the sunlight; it was labor ever incessantly pursuing its work of creation
amid obstacles and suffering, making good all losses, and at each
succeeding hour setting more energy, more health, and more joy in the
veins of the world.

Blaise, now the father of a little girl some ten months old, had been
residing at the Beauchene works since the previous winter. He occupied
the little pavilion where his mother had long previously given birth to
his brother Gervais. His wife Charlotte had conquered the Beauchenes by
her fair grace, her charming, bouquet-like freshness, to such a point,
indeed, that even Constance had desired to have her near her. The truth
was that Madame Desvignes had made adorable creatures of her two
daughters, Charlotte and Marthe. At the death of her husband, a
stockbroker's confidential clerk, who had died, leaving her at thirty
years of age in very indifferent circumstances, she had gathered her
scanty means together and withdrawn to Janville, her native place, where
she had entirely devoted herself to her daughters' education. Knowing
that they would be almost portionless, she had brought them up extremely
well, in the hope that this might help to find them husbands, and it so
chanced that she proved successful.

Affectionate intercourse sprang up between her and the Froments; the
children played together; and it was, indeed, from those first games that
came the love-romance which was to end in the marriage of Blaise and
Charlotte. By the time the latter reached her eighteenth birthday and
married, Marthe her sister, then fourteen years old, had become the
inseparable companion of Rose Froment, who was of the same age and as
pretty as herself, though dark instead of fair. Charlotte, who had a more
delicate, and perhaps a weaker, nature than her gay, sensible sister, had
become passionately fond of drawing and painting, which she had learnt at
first simply by way of accomplishment. She had ended, however, by
painting miniatures very prettily, and, as her mother remarked, her
proficiency might prove a resource to her in the event of misfortune.
Certainly there was some of the bourgeois respect and esteem for a good
education in the fairly cordial greeting which Constance extended to
Charlotte, who had painted a miniature portrait of her, a good though a
flattering likeness.

On the other hand, Blaise, who was endowed with the creative fire of the
Froments, ever striving, ever hard at work, became a valuable assistant
to Maurice as soon as a brief stay in Morange's office had made him
familiar with the business of the firm. Indeed it was Maurice who,
finding that his father seconded him less and less, had insisted on
Blaise and Charlotte installing themselves in the little pavilion, in
order that the former's services might at all times be available. And
Constance, ever on her knees before her son, could in this matter only
obey respectfully. She evinced boundless faith in the vastness of
Maurice's intellect. His studies had proved fairly satisfactory; if he
was somewhat slow and heavy, and had frequently been delayed by youthful
illnesses, he had, nevertheless, diligently plodded on. As he was far
from talkative, his mother gave out that he was a reflective,
concentrated genius, who would astonish the world by actions, not by
speech. Before he was even fifteen she said of him, in her adoring way:
"Oh! he has a great mind." And, naturally enough, she only acknowledged
Blaise to be a necessary lieutenant, a humble assistant, one whose hand
would execute the sapient young master's orders. The latter, to her
thinking, was now so strong and so handsome, and he was so quickly
reviving the business compromised by the father's slow collapse, that
surely he must be on the high-road to prodigious wealth, to that final
great triumph, indeed, of which she had been dreaming so proudly, so
egotistically, for so many years.

But all at once the thunderbolt fell. It was not without some hesitation
that Blaise had agreed to make the little pavilion his home, for he knew
that there was an idea of reducing him to the status of a mere piece of
machinery. But at the birth of his little girl he bravely decided to
accept the proposal, and to engage in the battle of life even as his
father had engaged in it, mindful of the fact that he also might in time
have a large family. But it so happened that one morning, when he went up
to the house to ask Maurice for some instructions, he heard from
Constance herself that the young man had spent a very bad night, and that
she had therefore prevailed on him to remain in bed. She did not evince
any great anxiety on the subject; the indisposition could only be due to
a little fatigue. Indeed, for a week past the two cousins had been tiring
themselves out over the delivery of a very important order, which had set
the entire works in motion. Besides, on the previous day Maurice,
bareheaded and in perspiration, had imprudently lingered in a draught in
one of the sheds while a machine was being tested.

That evening he was seized with intense fever, and Boutan was hastily
summoned. On the morrow, alarmed, though he scarcely dared to say it, by
the lightning-like progress of the illness, the doctor insisted on a
consultation, and two of his colleagues being summoned, they soon agreed
together. The malady was an extremely infectious form of galloping
consumption, the more violent since it had found in the patient a field
where there was little to resist its onslaught. Beauchene was away from
home, travelling as usual. Constance, for her part, in spite of the grave
mien of the doctors, who could not bring themselves to tell her the
brutal truth, remained, in spite of growing anxiety, full of a stubborn
hope that her son, the hero, the demi-god necessary for her own life,
could not be seriously ill and likely to die. But only three days
elapsed, and during the very night that Beauchene returned home, summoned
by a telegram, the young fellow expired in her arms.

In reality his death was simply the final decomposition of impoverished,
tainted, bourgeois blood, the sudden disappearance of a poor, mediocre
being who, despite a facade of seeming health, had been ailing since
childhood. But what an overwhelming blow it was both for the mother and
for the father, all whose dreams and calculations it swept away! The only
son, the one and only heir, the prince of industry, whom they had desired
with such obstinate, scheming egotism, had passed away like a shadow;
their arms clasped but a void, and the frightful reality arose before
them; a moment had sufficed, and they were childless.

Blaise was with the parents at the bedside at the moment when Maurice
expired. It was then about two in the morning, and as soon as possible he
telegraphed the news of the death to Chantebled. Nine o'clock was
striking when Marianne, very pale, quite upset, came into the yard to
call Mathieu.

"Maurice is dead! . . . _Mon Dieu_! an only son; poor people!"

They stood there thunderstruck, chilled and trembling. They had simply
heard that the young man was poorly; they had not imagined him to be
seriously ill.

"Let me go to dress," said Mathieu; "I shall take the quarter-past ten
o'clock train. I must go to kiss them."

Although Marianne was expecting her eleventh child before long, she
decided to accompany her husband. It would have pained her to be unable
to give this proof of affection to her cousins, who, all things
considered, had treated Blaise and his young wife very kindly. Moreover,
she was really grieved by the terrible catastrophe. So she and her
husband, after distributing the day's work among the servants, set out
for Janville station, which they reached just in time to catch the
quarter-past ten o'clock train. It was already rolling on again when they
recognized the Lepailleurs and their son Antonin in the very compartment
where they were seated.

Seeing the Froments thus together in full dress, the miller imagined that
they were going to a wedding, and when he learnt that they had a visit of
condolence to make, he exclaimed: "Oh! so it's just the contrary. But no
matter, it's an outing, a little diversion nevertheless."

Since Mathieu's victory, since the whole of the estate of Chantebled had
been conquered and fertilized, Lepailleur had shown some respect for his
bourgeois rival. Nevertheless, although he could not deny the results
hitherto obtained, he did not altogether surrender, but continued
sneering, as if he expected that some rending of heaven or earth would
take place to prove him in the right. He would not confess that he had
made a mistake; he repeated that he knew the truth, and that folks would
some day see plainly enough that a peasant's calling was the very worst
calling there could be, since the dirty land had gone bankrupt and would
yield nothing more. Besides, he held his revenge--that enclosure which he
left barren, uncultivated, by way of protest against the adjoining estate
which it intersected. The thought of this made him ironical.

"Well," he resumed in his ridiculously vain, scoffing way, "we are going
to Paris too. Yes, we are going to install this young gentleman there."

He pointed as he spoke to his son Antonin, now a tall, carroty fellow of
eighteen, with an elongated head. A few light-colored bristles were
already sprouting on his chin and cheeks, and he wore town attire, with a
silk hat and gloves, and a bright blue necktie. After astonishing
Janville by his success at school, he had displayed so much repugnance to
manual work that his father had decided to make "a Parisian" of him.

"So it is decided; you have quite made up your mind?" asked Mathieu in a
friendly way.

"Why, yes; why should I force him to toil and moil without the least hope
of ever enriching himself? Neither my father nor I ever managed to put a
copper by with that wretched old mill of ours. Why, the mill-stones wear
away with rot more than with grinding corn. And the wretched fields, too,
yield far more pebbles than crowns. And so, as he's now a scholar, he may
as well try his fortune in Paris. There's nothing like city life to
sharpen a man's wits."

Madame Lepailleur, who never took her eyes from her son, but remained in
admiration before him as formerly before her husband, now exclaimed with
an air of rapture: "Yes, yes, he has a place as a clerk with Maitre
Rousselet, the attorney. We have rented a little room for him; I have
seen about the furniture and the linen, and to-day's the great day; he
will sleep there to-night, after we have dined, all three, at a good
restaurant. Ah! yes, I'm very pleased; he's making a start now."

"And he will perhaps end by being a minister of state," said Mathieu,
with a smile; "who knows? Everything is possible nowadays."

It all typified the exodus from the country districts towards the towns,
the feverish impatience to make a fortune, which was becoming general.
Even the parents nowadays celebrated their child's departure, and
accompanied the adventurer on his way, anxious and proud to climb the
social ladder with him. And that which brought a smile to the lips of the
farmer of Chantebled, the bourgeois who had become a peasant, was the
thought of the double change: the miller's son going to Paris, whereas he
had gone to the earth, the mother of all strength and regeneration.

Antonin, however, had also begun to laugh with the air of an artful idler
who was more particularly attracted by the free dissipation of Paris
life. "Oh! minister?" said he, "I haven't much taste for that. I would
much sooner win a million at once so as to rest afterwards."

Delighted with this display of wit, the Lepailleurs burst into noisy
merriment. Oh! their boy would do great things, that was quite certain!

Marianne, her heart oppressed by thought of the mourning which awaited
her, had hitherto kept silent. She now asked, however, why little Therese
did not form one of the party. Lepailleur dryly replied that he did not
choose to embarrass himself with a child but six years old, who did not
know how to behave. Her arrival had upset everything in the house; things
would have been much better if she had never been born. Then, as Marianne
began to protest, saying that she had seldom seen a more intelligent and
prettier little girl, Madame Lepailleur answered more gently: "Oh! she's
sharp; that's true enough; but one can't send girls to Paris. She'll have
to be put somewhere, and it will mean a lot of trouble, a lot of money.
However, we mustn't talk about all that this morning, since we want to
enjoy ourselves."

At last the train reached Paris, and the Lepailleurs, leaving the
Northern terminus, were caught and carried off by the impetuously
streaming crowd.

When Mathieu and Marianne alighted from their cab on the Quai d'Orsay, in
front of the Beauchenes' residence, they recognized the Seguins' brougham
drawn up beside the foot pavement. And within it they perceived the two
girls, Lucie and Andree, waiting mute and motionless in their
light-colored dresses. Then, as they approached the door, they saw
Valentine come out, in a very great hurry as usual. On recognizing them,
however, she assumed an expression of deep pity, and spoke the words
required by the situation:

"What a frightful misfortune, is it not? an only son!"

Then she burst out into a flood of words: "You have hastened here, I see,
as I did; it is only natural. I heard of the catastrophe only by chance
less than an hour ago. And you see my luck! My daughters were dressed,
and I myself was dressing to take them to a wedding--a cousin of our
friend Santerre is marrying a diplomatist. And, in addition, I am engaged
for the whole afternoon. Well, although the wedding is fixed for a
quarter-past eleven, I did not hesitate, but drove here before going to
the church. And naturally I went upstairs alone. My daughters have been
waiting in the carriage. We shall no doubt be a little late for the
wedding. But no matter! You will see the poor parents in their empty
house, near the body, which, I must say, they have laid out very nicely
on the bed. Oh! it is heartrending."

Mathieu was looking at her, surprised to see that she did not age. The
fiery flame of her wild life seemed to scorch and preserve her. He knew
that her home was now completely wrecked. Seguin openly lived with Nora,
the governess, for whom he had furnished a little house. It was there
even that he had given Mathieu an appointment to sign the final transfer
of the Chantebled property. And since Gaston had entered the military
college of St. Cyr, Valentine had only her two daughters with her in the
spacious, luxurious mansion of the Avenue d'Antin, which ruin was slowly

"I think," resumed Madame Seguin, "that I shall tell Gaston to obtain
permission to attend the funeral. For I am not sure whether his father is
in Paris. It's just the same with our friend Santerre; he's starting on a
tour to-morrow. Ah! not only do the dead leave us, but it is astonishing
what a number of the living go off and disappear! Life is very sad, is it
not, dear madame?"

As she spoke a little quiver passed over her face; the dread of the
coming rupture, which she had felt approaching for several months past,
amid all the skilful preparations of Santerre, who had been long maturing
some secret plan, which she did not as yet divine. However, she made a
devout ecstatic gesture, and added: "Well, we are in the hands of God."

Marianne, who was still smiling at the ever-motionless girls in the
closed brougham, changed the subject. "How tall they have grown, how
pretty they have become! Your Andree looks adorable. How old is your
Lucie now? She will soon be of an age to marry."

"Oh! don't let her hear you," retorted Valentine; "you would make her
burst into tears! She is seventeen, but for sense she isn't twelve. Would
you believe it, she began sobbing this morning and refusing to go to the
wedding, under the pretence that it would make her ill? She is always
talking of convents; we shall have to come to a decision about her.
Andree, though she is only thirteen, is already much more womanly. But
she is a little stupid, just like a sheep. Her gentleness quite upsets me
at times; it jars on my nerves."

Then Valentine, on the point of getting into her carriage, turned to
shake hands with Marianne, and thought of inquiring after her health.
"Really," said she, "I lose my head at times. I was quite forgetting. And
the baby you're expecting will be your eleventh child, will it now? How
terrible! Still it succeeds with you. And, ah! those poor people whom you
are going to see, their house will be quite empty now."

When the brougham had rolled away it occurred to Mathieu and Marianne
that before seeing the Beauchenes it might be advisable for them to call
at the little pavilion, where their son or their daughter-in-law might be
able to give them some useful information. But neither Blaise nor
Charlotte was there. They found only a servant who was watching over the
little girl, Berthe. This servant declared that she had not seen Monsieur
Blaise since the previous day, for he had remained at the Beauchenes'
near the body. And as for Madame, she also had gone there early that
morning, and had left instructions that Berthe was to be brought to her
at noon, in order that she might not have to come back to give her the
breast. Then, as Marianne in surprise began to put some questions, the
girl explained matters: "Madame took a box of drawing materials with her.
I fancy that she is painting a portrait of the poor young man who is

As Mathieu and Marianne crossed the courtyard of the works, they felt
oppressed by the grave-like silence which reigned in that great city of
labor, usually so full of noise and bustle. Death had suddenly passed by,
and all the ardent life had at once ceased, the machinery had become cold
and mute, the workshops silent and deserted. There was not a sound, not a
soul, not a puff of that vapor which was like the very breath of the
place. Its master dead, it had died also. And the distress of the
Froments increased when they passed from the works into the house, amid
absolute solitude; the connecting gallery was wrapt in slumber, the
staircase quivered amid the heavy silence, all the doors were open, as in
some uninhabited house, long since deserted. They found no servant in the
antechamber, and even the dim drawing-room, where the blinds of
embroidered muslin were lowered, while the armchairs were arranged in a
circle, as on reception days, when numerous visitors were expected, at
first seemed to them to be empty. But at last they detected a shadowy
form moving slowly to and fro in the middle of the room. It was Morange,
bareheaded and frock-coated; he had hastened thither at the first news
with the same air as if he had been repairing to his office. He seemed to
be at home; it was he who received the visitors in a scared way, overcome
as he was by this sudden demise, which recalled to him his daughter's
abominable death. His heart-wound had reopened; he was livid, all in
disorder, with his long gray beard streaming down, while he stepped
hither and thither without a pause, making all the surrounding grief his

As soon as he recognized the Froments he also spoke the words which came
from every tongue: "What a frightful misfortune, an only son!"

Then he pressed their hands, and whispered and explained that Madame
Beauchene, feeling quite exhausted, had withdrawn for a few moments, and
that Beauchene and Blaise were making necessary arrangements downstairs.
And then, resuming his maniacal perambulations, he pointed towards an
adjoining room, the folding doors of which were wide open.

"He is there, on the bed where he died. There are flowers; it looks very
nice. You may go in."

This room was Maurice's bedchamber. The large curtains had been closely
drawn, and tapers were burning near the bed, casting a soft light on the
deceased's face, which appeared very calm, very white, the eyes closed as
if in sleep. Between the clasped hands rested a crucifix, and with the
roses scattered over the sheet the bed was like a couch of springtide.
The odor of the flowers, mingling with that of the burning wax, seemed
rather oppressive amid the deep and tragic stillness. Not a breath
stirred the tall, erect flames of the tapers, burning in the
semi-obscurity, amid which the bed alone showed forth.

When Mathieu and Marianne had gone in, they perceived their
daughter-in-law, Charlotte, behind a screen near the door. Lighted by a
little lamp, she sat there with a sketching-block on her knees, making a
drawing of Maurice's head as it rested among the roses. Hard and
anguish-bringing as was such work for one with so young a heart, she had
nevertheless yielded to the mother's ardent entreaties. And for three
hours past, pale, looking wondrously beautiful, her face showing all the
flower of youth, her blue eyes opening widely under her fine golden hair,
she had been there diligently working, striving to do her best. When
Mathieu and Marianne approached her she would not speak, but simply
nodded. Still a little color came to her cheeks, and her eyes smiled. And
when the others, after lingering there for a moment in sorrowful
contemplation, had quietly returned to the drawing-room, she resumed her
work alone, in the presence of the dead, among the roses and the tapers.

Morange was still walking the drawing-room like a lost, wandering
phantom. Mathieu remained standing there, while Marianne sat down near
the folding doors. Not another word was exchanged; the spell of waiting
continued amid the oppressive silence of the dim, closed room. When some
ten minutes had elapsed, two other visitors arrived, a lady and a
gentleman, whom the Froments could not at first recognize. Morange bowed
and received them in his dazed way. Then, as the lady did not release her
hold of the gentleman's hand, but led him along, as if he were blind,
between the articles of furniture, so that he might not knock against
them, Marianne and Mathieu realized that the new comers were the

Since the previous winter they had sold their little house at Janville to
fix themselves in Paris, for a last misfortune had befallen them--the
failure of a great banking house had carried away almost the whole of
their modest fortune. The wife had fortunately secured a post as one of
the delegates of the Poor Relief Board, an inspectorship with various
duties, such as watching over the mothers and children assisted by the
board, and reporting thereon. And she was wont to say, with a sad smile,
that this work of looking after the little ones was something of a
consolation for her, since it was now certain that she would never have a
child of her own. As for her husband, whose eyesight was failing more and
more, he had been obliged to relinquish painting altogether, and he
dragged out his days in morose desolation, his life wrecked, annihilated.

With short steps, as if she were leading a child, Madame Angelin brought
him to an armchair near Marianne and seated him in it. He had retained
the lofty mien of a musketeer, but his features had been ravaged by
anxiety, and his hair was white, though he was only forty-four years of
age. And what memories arose at the sight of that sorrowful lady leading
that infirm, aged man, for those who had known the young couple, all
tenderness and good looks, rambling along the secluded paths of Janville,
amid the careless delights of their love.

As soon as Madame Angelin had clasped Marianne's hands with her own
trembling fingers, she also uttered in low, stammering accents, those
despairing words: "Ah! what a frightful misfortune, an only son!"

Her eyes filled with tears, and she would not sit down before going for a
moment to see the body in the adjoining room. When she came back, sobbing
in her handkerchief, she sank into an armchair between Marianne and her
husband. He remained there motionless, staring fixedly with his dim eyes.
And silence fell again throughout the lifeless house, whither the rumble
of the works, now deserted, fireless and frozen, ascended no longer.

But Beauchene, followed by Blaise, at last made his appearance. The heavy
blow he had received seemed to have made him ten years older. It was as
if the heavens had suddenly fallen upon him. Never amid his conquering
egotism, his pride of strength and his pleasures, had he imagined such a
downfall to be possible. Never had he been willing to admit that Maurice
might be ill--such an idea was like casting a doubt upon his own
strength; he thought himself beyond the reach of thunderbolts; misfortune
would never dare to fall on him. And at the first overwhelming moment he
had found himself weak as a woman, weary and limp, his strength
undermined by his dissolute life, the slow disorganization of his
faculties. He had sobbed like a child before his dead son, all his vanity
crushed, all his calculations destroyed. The thunderbolt had sped by, and
nothing remained. In a minute his life had been swept away; the world was
now all black and void. And he remained livid, in consternation at it
all, his bloated face swollen with grief, his heavy eyelids red with

When he perceived the Froments, weakness again came upon him, and he
staggered towards them with open arms, once more stifling with sobs.

"Ah! my dear friends, what a terrible blow! And I wasn't here! When I got
here he had lost consciousness; he did not recognize me--. Is it
possible? A lad who was in such good health! I cannot believe it. It
seems to me that I must be dreaming, and that he will get up presently
and come down with me into the workshops!"

They kissed him, they pitied him, struck down like this upon his return
from some carouse or other, still intoxicated, perhaps, and tumbling into
the midst of such an awful disaster, his prostration increased by the
stupor following upon debauchery. His beard, moist with his tears, still
stank of tobacco and musk.

Although he scarcely knew the Angelins, he pressed them also in his arms.
"Ah! my poor friends, what a terrible blow! What a terrible blow!"

Then Blaise in his turn came to kiss his parents. In spite of his grief,
and the horrible night he had spent, his face retained its youthful
freshness. Yet tears coursed down his cheeks, for, working with Maurice
day by day, he had conceived real friendship for him.

The silence fell again. Morange, as if unconscious of what went on around
him, as if he were quite alone there, continued walking softly hither and
thither like a somnambulist. Beauchene, with haggard mien, went off, and
then came back carrying some little address-books. He turned about for
another moment, and finally sat down at a writing-table which had been
brought out of Maurice's room. Little accustomed as he was to grief, he
instinctively sought to divert his mind, and began searching in the
little address-books for the purpose of drawing up a list of the persons
who must be invited to the funeral. But his eyes became blurred, and with
a gesture he summoned Blaise, who, after going into the bedchamber to
glance at his wife's sketch, was now returning to the drawing-room.
Thereupon the young man, standing erect beside the writing-table, began
to dictate the names in a low voice; and then, amid the deep silence
sounded a low and monotonous murmur.

The minutes slowly went by. The visitors were still waiting for
Constance. At last a little door of the death-chamber slowly opened, and
she entered that chamber noiselessly, without anybody knowing that she
was there. She looked like a spectre emerging out of the darkness into
the pale light of the tapers. She had not yet wept; her face was livid,
contracted, hardened by cold rage. Her little figure, instead of bending,
seemed to have grown taller beneath the injustice of destiny, as if borne
up by furious rebellion. Yet her loss did not surprise her. She had
immediately felt that she had expected it, although but a minute before
the death she had stubbornly refused to believe it possible. But the
thought of it had remained latent within her for long months, and
frightful evidence thereof now burst forth. She suddenly heard the
whispers of the unknown once more, and understood them; she knew the
meaning of those shivers which had chilled her, those vague,
terror-fraught regrets at having no other child! And that which had been
threatening her had come; irreparable destiny had willed it that her only
son, the salvation of the imperilled home, the prince of to-morrow, who
was to share his empire with her, should be swept away like a withered
leaf. It was utter downfall; she sank into an abyss. And she remained
tearless; fury dried her tears within her. Yet, good mother that she had
always been, she suffered all the torment of motherliness exasperated,
poisoned by the loss of her child.

She drew near to Charlotte and paused behind her, looking at the profile
of her dead son resting among the flowers. And still she did not weep.
She slowly gazed over the bed, filled her eyes with the dolorous scene,
then carried them again to the paper, as if to see what would be left her
of that adored son--those few pencil strokes--when the earth should have
taken him forever. Charlotte, divining that somebody was behind her,
started and raised her head. She did not speak; she had felt frightened.
But both women exchanged a glance. And what a heart pang came to
Constance, amid that display of death, in the presence of the void, the
nothingness that was hers, as she gazed on the other's face, all love and
health and beauty, suggesting some youthful star, whence promise of the
future radiated through the fine gold of wavy hair.

But yet another pang came to Constance at that moment: words which were
being whispered in the drawing-room, near the door of the bedchamber,
reached her distinctly. She did not move, but remained erect behind
Charlotte, who had resumed her work. And eagerly lending ear, she
listened, not showing herself as yet, although she had already seen
Marianne and Madame Angelin seated near the doorway, almost among the
folds of the hangings.

"Ah!" Madame Angelin was saying, "the poor mother had a presentiment of
it, as it were. I saw that she felt very anxious when I told her my own
sad story. There is no hope for me; and now death has passed by, and no
hope remains for her."

Silence ensued once more; then, prompted by some connecting train of
thought, she went on: "And your next child will be your eleventh, will it
not? Eleven is not a number; you will surely end by having twelve!"

As Constance heard those words she shuddered in another fit of that fury
which dried up her tears. By glancing sideways she could see that mother
of ten children, who was now expecting yet an eleventh child. She found
her still young, still fresh, overflowing with joy and health and hope.
And she was there, like the goddess of fruitfulness, nigh to the funeral
bier at that hour of the supreme rending, when she, Constance, was bowed
down by the irretrievable loss of her only child.

But Marianne was answering Madame Angelin: "Oh I don't think that at all
likely. Why, I'm becoming an old woman. You forget that I am already a
grandmother. Here, look at that!"

So saying, she waved her hand towards the servant of her daughter-in-law,
Charlotte, who, in accordance with the instructions she had received, was
now bringing the little Berthe in order that her mother might give her
the breast. The servant had remained at the drawing-room door,
hesitating, disliking to intrude on all that mourning; but the child
good-humoredly waved her fat little fists, and laughed lightly. And
Charlotte, hearing her, immediately rose and tripped across the salon to
take the little one into a neighboring room.

"What a pretty child!" murmured Madame Angelin. "Those little ones are
like nosegays; they bring brightness and freshness wherever they come."

Constance for her part had been dazzled. All at once, amid the
semi-obscurity, starred by the flames of the tapers, amid the deathly
atmosphere, which the odor of the roses rendered the more oppressive,
that laughing child had set a semblance of budding springtime, the fresh,
bright atmosphere of a long promise of life. And it typified the victory
of fruitfulness; it was the child's child, it was Marianne reviving in
her son's daughter. A grandmother already, and she was only forty-one
years old! Marianne had smiled at that thought. But the hatchet-stroke
rang out yet more frightfully in Constance's heart. In her case the tree
was cut down to its very root, the sole scion had been lopped off, and
none would ever sprout again.

For yet another moment she remained alone amid that nothingness, in that
room where lay her son's remains. Then she made up her mind and passed
into the drawing-room, with the air of a frozen spectre. They all rose,
kissed her, and shivered as their lips touched her cold cheeks, which her
blood was unable to warm. Profound compassion wrung them, so frightful
was her calmness. And they sought kind words to say to her, but she
curtly stopped them.

"It is all over," said she; "there is nothing to be said. Everything is
ended, quite ended."

Madame Angelin sobbed, Angelin himself wiped his poor fixed, blurred
eyes. Marianne and Mathieu shed tears while retaining Constance's hands
in theirs. And she, rigid and still unable to weep, refused consolation,
repeating in monotonous accents: "It is finished; nothing can give him
back to me. Is it not so? And thus there remains nothing; all is ended,
quite ended."

She needed to be brave, for visitors would soon be arriving in a stream.
But a last stab in the heart was reserved for her. Beauchene, who since
her arrival had begun to cry again, could no longer see to write.
Moreover, his hand trembled, and he had to leave the writing-table and
fling himself into an armchair, saying to Blaise: "There sit down there,
and continue to write for me."

Then Constance saw Blaise seat himself at her son's writing-table, in his
place, dip his pen in the inkstand and begin to write with the very same
gesture that she had so often seen Maurice make. That Blaise, that son of
the Froments! What! her dear boy was not yet buried, and a Froment
already replaced him, even as vivacious, fast-growing plants overrun
neighboring barren fields. That stream of life flowing around her, intent
on universal conquest, seemed yet more threatening; grandmothers still
bore children, daughters suckled already, sons laid hands upon vacant
kingdoms. And she remained alone; she had but her unworthy, broken-down,
worn-out husband beside her; while Morange, the maniac, incessantly
walking to and fro, was like the symbolical spectre of human distress,
one whose heart and strength and reason had been carried away in the
frightful death of his only daughter. And not a sound came from the cold
and empty works; the works themselves were dead.

The funeral ceremony two days later was an imposing one. The five hundred
workmen of the establishment followed the hearse, notabilities of all
sorts made up an immense cortege. It was much noticed that an old
workman, father Moineaud, the oldest hand of the works, was one of the
pall-bearers. Indeed, people thought it touching, although the worthy old
man dragged his legs somewhat, and looked quite out of his element in a
frock coat, stiffened as he was by thirty years' hard toil. In the
cemetery, near the grave, Mathieu felt surprised on being approached by
an old lady who alighted from one of the mourning-coaches.

"I see, my friend," said she, "that you do not recognize me."

He made a gesture of apology. It was Seraphine, still tall and slim, but
so fleshless, so withered that one might have thought she was a hundred
years old. Cecile had warned Mathieu of it, yet if he had not seen her
himself he would never have believed that her proud insolent beauty,
which had seemed to defy time and excesses, could have faded so swiftly.
What frightful, withering blast could have swept over her?

"Ah! my friend," she continued, "I am more dead than the poor fellow whom
they are about to lower into that grave. Come and have a chat with me
some day. You are the only person to whom I can tell everything."

The coffin was lowered, the ropes gave out a creaking sound, and there
came a little thud--the last. Beauchene, supported by a relative, looked
on with dim, vacant eyes. Constance, who had had the bitter courage to
come, and had now wept all the tears in her body, almost fainted. She was
carried away, driven back to her home, which would now forever be empty,
like one of those stricken fields that remain barren, fated to perpetual
sterility. Mother earth had taken back her all.

And at Chantebled Mathieu and Marianne founded, created, increased, and
multiplied, again proving victorious in the eternal battle which life
wages against death, thanks to that continual increase, both of offspring
and of fertile land, which was like their very existence, their joy and
their strength. Desire passed like a gust of flame, desire divine and
fruitful, since they possessed the power of love, kindliness, and health.
And their energy did the rest--that will of action, that quiet bravery in
the presence of the labor that is requisite, the labor that has made and
that regulates the world.

Still, during those two years it was not without constant battling that
victory remained to them. At last it was complete. Piece by piece Seguin
had sold the entire estate, of which Mathieu was now king, thanks to his
prudent system of conquest, that of increasing his empire by degrees as
he gradually felt himself stronger. The fortune which the idler had
disdained and dissipated had passed into the hands of the toiler, the
creator. There were 1250 acres, spreading from horizon to horizon; there
were woods intersected by broad meadows, where flocks and herds pastured;
there was fat land overflowing with harvests, in the place of marshes
that had been drained; there was other land, each year of increasing
fertility, in the place of the moors which the captured springs now
irrigated. The Lepailleurs' uncultivated enclosure alone remained, as if
to bear witness to the prodigy, the great human effort which had
quickened that desert of sand and mud, whose crops would henceforth
nourish so many happy people. Mathieu devoured no other man's share; he
had brought his share into being, increasing the common wealth,
subjugating yet another small portion of this vast world, which is still
so scantily peopled and so badly utilized for human happiness. The farm,
the homestead, had sprung up and grown in the centre of the estate like a
prosperous township, with inhabitants, servants, and live stock, a
perfect focus of ardent triumphal life. And what sovereign power was that
of the happy fruitfulness which had never wearied of creating, which had
yielded all these beings and things that had been increasing and
multiplying for twelve years past, that invading town which was but a
family's expansion, those trees, those plants, those grain crops, those
fruits whose nourishing stream ever rose under the dazzling sun! All pain
and all tears were forgotten in that joy of creation, the accomplishment
of due labor, the conquest of the future conducting to the infinite of

Then, while Mathieu completed his work of conquest, Marianne during those
two years had the happiness of seeing a daughter born to her son Blaise,
even while she herself was expecting another child. The branches of the
huge tree had begun to fork, pending the time when they would ramify
endlessly, like the branches of some great royal oak spreading afar over
the soil. There would be her children's children, her grandchildren's
children, the whole posterity increasing from generation to generation.
And yet how carefully and lovingly she still assembled around her her own
first brood, from Blaise and Denis the twins, now one-and-twenty, to the
last born, the wee creature who sucked in life from her bosom with greedy
lips. There were some of all ages in the brood--a big fellow, who was
already a father; others who went to school; others who still had to be
dressed in the morning; there were boys, Ambroise, Gervais, Gregoire, and
another; there were girls, Rose, nearly old enough to marry; Claire,
Louise, Madeleine, and Marguerite, the last of whom could scarcely
toddle. And it was a sight to see them roam over the estate like a troop
of colts, following one another at varied pace, according to their
growth. She knew that she could not keep them all tied to her
apron-strings; it would be sufficient happiness if the farm kept two or
three beside her; she resigned herself to seeing the younger ones go off
some day to conquer other lands. Such was the law of expansion; the earth
was the heritage of the most numerous race. Since they had number on
their side, they would have strength also; the world would belong to
them. The parents themselves had felt stronger, more united at the advent
of each fresh child. If in spite of terrible cares they had always
conquered, it was because their love, their toil, the ceaseless travail
of their heart and will, gave them the victory. Fruitfulness is the great
conqueress; from her come the pacific heroes who subjugate the world by
peopling it. And this time especially, when at the lapse of those two
years Marianne gave birth to a boy, Nicolas, her eleventh child, Mathieu
embraced her passionately, triumphing over every sorrow and every pang.
Yet another child; yet more wealth and power; yet an additional force
born into the world; another field ready for to-morrow's harvest.

And 'twas ever the great work, the good work, the work of fruitfulness
spreading, thanks to the earth and thanks to woman, both victorious over
destruction, offering fresh means of subsistence each time a fresh child
was born, and loving, willing, battling, toiling even amid suffering, and
ever tending to increase of life and increase of hope.


AMID the deep mourning life slowly resumed its course at the Beauchene
works. One effect of the terrible blow which had fallen on Beauchene was
that for some weeks he remained quietly at home. Indeed, he seemed to
have profited by the terrible lesson, for he no longer coined lies, no
longer invented pressing business journeys as a pretext for dissipation.
He even set to work once more, and busied himself about the factory,
coming down every morning as in his younger days. And in Blaise he found
an active and devoted lieutenant, on whom he each day cast more and more
of the heavier work. Intimates were most struck, however, by the manner
in which Beauchene and his wife drew together again. Constance was most
attentive to her husband; Beauchene no longer left her, and they seemed
to agree well together, leading a very retired life in their quiet house,
where only relatives were now received.

Constance, on the morrow of Maurice's sudden death, was like one who has
just lost a limb. It seemed to her that she was no longer whole; she felt
ashamed of being, as it were, disfigured. Mingled, too, with her loving
sorrow for Maurice there was humiliation at the thought that she was no
longer a mother, that she no longer had any heir-apparent to her kingdom
beside her. To think that she had been so stubbornly determined to have
but one son, one child, in order that he might become the sole master of
the family fortune, the all-powerful monarch of the future. Death had
stolen him from her, and the establishment now seemed to be less her own,
particularly since that fellow Blaise and his wife and his child,
representing those fruitful and all-invading Froments, were installed
there. She could no longer console herself for having welcomed and lodged
them, and her one passionate, all-absorbing desire was to have another
son, and thereby reconquer her empire.

This it was which led to her reconciliation with her husband, and for six
months they lived together on the best of terms. Then, however, came
another six months, and it was evident that they no longer agreed so well
together, for Beauchene took himself off at times under the pretext of
seeking fresh air, and Constance remained at home, feverish, her eyes red
with weeping.

One day Mathieu, who had come to Grenelle to see his daughter-in-law,
Charlotte, was lingering in the garden playing with little Berthe, who
had climbed upon his knees, when he was surprised by the sudden approach
of Constance, who must have seen him from her windows. She invented a
pretext to draw him into the house, and kept him there nearly a quarter
of an hour before she could make up her mind to speak her thoughts. Then,
all at once, she began: "My dear Mathieu, you must forgive me for
mentioning a painful matter, but there are reasons why I should do so.
Nearly fifteen years ago, I know it for a fact, my husband had a child by
a girl who was employed at the works. And I also know that you acted as
his intermediary on that occasion, and made certain arrangements with
respect to that girl and her child--a boy, was it not?"

She paused for a reply. But Mathieu, stupefied at finding her so well
informed, and at a loss to understand why she spoke to him of that sorry
affair after the lapse of so many years, could only make a gesture by
which he betrayed both his surprise and his anxiety.

"Oh!" said she, "I do not address any reproach to you; I am convinced
that your motives were quite friendly, even affectionate, and that you
wished to hush up a scandal which might have been very unpleasant for me.
Moreover, I do not desire to indulge in recriminations after so long a
time. My desire is simply for information. For a long time I did not care
to investigate the statements whereby I was informed of the affair. But
the recollection of it comes back to me and haunts me persistently, and
it is natural that I should apply to you. I have never spoken a word on
the subject to my husband, and indeed it is best for our tranquillity
that I should not attempt to extort a detailed confession from him. One
circumstance which has induced me to speak to you is that on an occasion
when I accompanied Madame Angelin to a house in the Rue de Miromesnil, I
perceived you there with that girl, who had another child in her arms. So
you have not lost sight of her, and you must know what she is doing, and
whether her first child is alive, and in that case where he is, and how
he is situated."

Mathieu still refrained from replying, for Constance's increasing
feverishness put him on his guard, and impelled him to seek the motive of
such a strange application on the part of one who was as a rule so proud
and so discreet. What could be happening? Why did she strive to provoke
confidential revelations which might have far-reaching effects? Then, as
she closely scanned him with her keen eyes, he sought to answer her with
kind, evasive words.

"You greatly embarrass me. And, besides, I know nothing likely to
interest you. What good would it do yourself or your husband to stir up
all the dead past? Take my advice, forget what people may have told
you--you are so sensible and prudent--"

But she interrupted him, caught hold of his hands, and held them in her
warm, quivering grasp. Never before had she so behaved, forgetting and
surrendering herself so passionately. "I repeat," said she, "that nobody
has anything to fear from me--neither my husband, nor that girl, nor the
child. Cannot you understand me? I am simply tormented; I suffer at
knowing nothing. Yes, it seems to me that I shall feel more at ease when
I know the truth. It is for myself that I question you, for my own peace
of mind. . . . Ah! if I could only tell you, if I could tell you!"

He began to divine many things; it was unnecessary for her to be more
explicit. He knew that during the past year she and her husband had been
hoping for the advent of a second child, and that none had come. As a
woman, Constance felt no jealousy of Norine, but as a mother she was
jealous of her son. She could not drive the thought of that child from
her mind; it ever and ever returned thither like a mocking insult now
that her hopes of replacing Maurice were fading fast. Day by day did she
dream more and more passionately of the other woman's son, wondering
where he was, what had become of him, whether he were healthy, and
whether he resembled his father.

"I assure you, my dear Mathieu," she resumed, "that you will really bring
me relief by answering me. Is he alive? Tell me simply whether he is
alive. But do not tell me a lie. If he is dead I think that I shall feel
calmer. And yet, good heavens! I certainly wish him no evil."

Then Mathieu, who felt deeply touched, told her the simple truth.

"Since you insist on it, for the benefit of your peace of mind, and since
it is to remain entirely between us and to have no effect on your home, I
see no reason why I should not confide to you what I know. But that is
very little. The child was left at the Foundling Hospital in my presence.
Since then the mother, having never asked for news, has received none. I
need not add that your husband is equally ignorant, for he always refused
to have anything to do with the child. Is the lad still alive? Where is
he? Those are things which I cannot tell you. A long inquiry would be
necessary. If, however, you wish for my opinion, I think it probable that
he is dead, for the mortality among these poor cast-off children is very

Constance looked at him fixedly. "You are telling me the real truth? You
are hiding nothing?" she asked. And as he began to protest, she went on:
"Yes, yes, I have confidence in you. And so you believe that he is dead!
Ah! to think of all those children who die, when so many women would be
happy to save one, to have one for themselves. Well, if you haven't been
able to tell me anything positive, you have at least done your best.
Thank you."

During the ensuing months Mathieu often found himself alone with
Constance, but she never reverted to the subject. She seemed to set her
energy on forgetting all about it, though he divined that it still
haunted her. Meantime things went from bad to worse in the Beauchene
household. The husband gradually went back to his former life of
debauchery, in spite of all the efforts of Constance to keep him near
her. She, for her part, clung to her fixed idea, and before long she
consulted Boutan. There was a terrible scene that day between husband and
wife in the doctor's presence. Constance raked up the story of Norine and
cast it in Beauchene's teeth, while he upbraided her in a variety of
ways. However, Boutan's advice, though followed for a time, proved
unavailing, and she at last lost confidence in him. Then she spent months
and months in consulting one and another. She placed herself in the hands
of Madame Bourdieu, she even went to see La Rouche, she applied to all
sorts of charlatans, exasperated to fury at finding that there was no
real succor for her. She might long ago have had a family had she so
chosen. But she had elected otherwise, setting all her egotism and pride
on that only son whom death had snatched away; and now the motherhood she
longed for was denied her.

For nearly two years did Constance battle, and at last in despair she was
seized with the idea of consulting Dr. Gaude. He told her the brutal
truth; it was useless for her to address herself to charlatans; she would
simply be robbed by them; there was absolutely no hope for her. And Gaude
uttered those decisive words in a light, jesting way, as though surprised
and amused by her profound grief. She almost fainted on the stairs as she
left his flat, and for a moment indeed death seemed welcome. But by a
great effort of will she recovered self-possession, the courage to face
the life of loneliness that now lay before her. Moreover, another idea
vaguely dawned upon her, and the first time she found herself alone with
Mathieu she again spoke to him of Norine's boy.

"Forgive me," said she, "for reverting to a painful subject, but I am
suffering too much now that I know there is no hope for me. I am haunted
by the thought of that illegitimate child of my husband's. Will you do me
a great service? Make the inquiry you once spoke to me about, try to find
out if he is alive or dead. I feel that when I know the facts peace may
perhaps return to me."

Mathieu was almost on the point of answering her that, even if this child
were found again, it could hardly cure her of her grief at having no
child of her own. He had divined her agony at seeing Blaise take
Maurice's place at the works now that Beauchene had resumed his dissolute
life, and daily intrusted the young man with more and more authority.
Blaise's home was prospering too; Charlotte had now given birth to a
second child, a boy, and thus fruitfulness was invading the place and
usurpation becoming more and more likely, since Constance could never
more have an heir to bar the road of conquest. Without penetrating her
singular feelings, Mathieu fancied that she perhaps wished to sound him
to ascertain if he were not behind Blaise, urging on the work of
spoliation. She possibly imagined that her request would make him
anxious, and that he would refuse to make the necessary researches. At
this idea he decided to do as she desired, if only to show her that he
was above all the base calculations of ambition.

"I am at your disposal, cousin," said he. "It is enough for me that this
inquiry may give you a little relief. But if the lad is alive, am I to
bring him to you?"

"Oh! no, no, I do not ask that!" And then, gesticulating almost wildly,
she stammered: "I don't know what I want, but I suffer so dreadfully that
I am scarce able to live!"

In point of fact a tempest raged within her, but she really had no
settled plan. One could hardly say that she really thought of that boy as
a possible heir. In spite of her hatred of all conquerors from without,
was it likely that she would accept him as a conqueror, in the face of
her outraged womanly feelings and her bourgeois horror of illegitimacy?
And yet if he were not her son, he was at least her husband's. And
perhaps an idea of saving her empire by placing the works in the hands of
that heir was dimly rising within her, above all her prejudices and her
rancor. But however that might be, her feelings for the time remained
confused, and the only clear thing was her desperate torment at being now
and forever childless, a torment which goaded her on to seek another's
child with the wild idea of making that child in some slight degree her

Mathieu, however, asked her, "Am I to inform Beauchene of the steps I

"Do you as you please," she answered. "Still, that would be the best."

That same evening there came a complete rupture between herself and her
husband. She threw in Beauchene's face all the contempt and loathing that
she had felt for him for years. Hopeless as she was, she revenged herself
by telling him everything that she had on her heart and mind. And her
slim dark figure, upborne by bitter rage, assumed such redoubtable
proportions in his eyes that he felt frightened by her and fled.
Henceforth they were husband and wife in name only. It was logic on the
march, it was the inevitable disorganization of a household reaching its
climax, it was rebellion against nature's law and indulgence in vice
leading to the gradual decline of a man of intelligence, it was a hard
worker sinking into the sloth of so-called pleasure; and then, death
having snatched away the only son, the home broke to pieces--the
wife--fated to childlessness, and the husband driven away by her, rolling
through debauchery towards final ruin.

But Mathieu, keeping his promise to Constance, discreetly began his
researches. And before he even consulted Beauchene it occurred to him to
apply at the Foundling Hospital. If, as he anticipated, the child were
dead, the affair would go no further. Fortunately enough he remembered
all the particulars: the two names, Alexandre-Honore, given to the child,
the exact date of the deposit at the hospital, indeed all the little
incidents of the day when he had driven thither with La Couteau. And when
he was received by the director of the establishment, and had explained
to him the real motives of his inquiries, at the same time giving his
name, he was surprised by the promptness and precision of the answer:
Alexandre-Honore, put out to nurse with the woman Loiseau at Rougemont,
had first kept cows, and had then tried the calling of a locksmith; but
for three months past he had been in apprenticeship with a wheelwright, a
certain Montoir, residing at Saint-Pierre, a hamlet in the vicinity of
Rougemont. Thus the lad lived; he was fifteen years old, and that was
all. Mathieu could obtain no further information respecting either his
physical health or his morality.

When Mathieu found himself in the street again, slightly dazed, he
remembered that La Couteau had told him that the child would be sent to
Rougemont. He had always pictured it dying there, carried off by the
hurricane which killed so many babes, and lying in the silent village
cemetery paved with little Parisians. To find the boy alive, saved from
the massacre, came like a surprise of destiny, and brought vague anguish,
a fear of some terrible catastrophe to Mathieu's heart. At the same time,
since the boy was living, and he now knew where to seek him, he felt that
he must warn Beauchene. The matter was becoming serious, and it seemed to
him that he ought not to carry the inquiry any further without the
father's authorization.

That same day, then, before returning to Chantebled, he repaired to the
factory, where he was lucky enough to find Beauchene, whom Blaise's
absence on business had detained there by force. Thus he was in a very
bad humor, puffing and yawning and half asleep. It was nearly three
o'clock, and he declared that he could never digest his lunch properly
unless he went out afterwards. The truth was that since his rupture with
his wife he had been devoting his afternoons to paying attentions to a
girl serving at a beer-house.

"Ah! my good fellow," he muttered as he stretched himself. "My blood is
evidently thickening. I must bestir myself, or else I shall be in a bad

However, he woke up when Mathieu had explained the motive of his visit.
At first he could scarcely understand it, for the affair seemed to him so
extraordinary, so idiotic.

"Eh? What do you say? It was my wife who spoke to you about that child?
It is she who has taken it into her head to collect information and start
a search?"

His fat apoplectical face became distorted, his anger was so violent that
he could scarcely stutter. When he heard, however, of the mission with
which his wife had intrusted Mathieu, he at last exploded: "She is mad! I
tell you that she is raving mad! Were such fancies ever seen? Every
morning she invents something fresh to distract me!"

Without heeding this interruption, Mathieu quietly finished his
narrative: "And so I have just come back from the Foundling Hospital,
where I learnt that the boy is alive. I have his address--and now what am
I to do?"

This was the final blow. Beauchene clenched his fists and raised his arms
in exasperation. "Ah! well, here's a nice state of things! But why on
earth does she want to trouble me about that boy? He isn't hers! Why
can't she leave us alone, the boy and me? It's my affair. And I ask you
if it is at all proper for my wife to send you running about after him?
Besides, I hope that you are not going to bring him to her. What on earth
could we do with that little peasant, who may have every vice? Just
picture him coming between us. I tell you that she is mad, mad, mad!"

He had begun to walk angrily to and fro. All at once he stopped: "My dear
fellow, you will just oblige me by telling her that he is dead."

But he turned pale and recoiled. Constance stood on the threshold and had
heard him. For some time past she had been in the habit of stealthily
prowling around the offices, like one on the watch for something. For a
moment, at the sight of the embarrassment which both men displayed, she
remained silent. Then, without even addressing her husband, she asked:
"He is alive, is he not?"

Mathieu could but tell her the truth. He answered with a nod. Then
Beauchene, in despair, made a final effort: "Come, be reasonable, my
dear. As I was saying only just now, we don't even know what this
youngster's character is. You surely don't want to upset our life for the
mere pleasure of doing so?"

Standing there, lean and frigid, she gave him a harsh glance; then,
turning her back on him, she demanded the child's name, and the names of
the wheelwright and the locality. "Good, you say Alexandre-Honore, with
Montoir the wheelwright, at Saint-Pierre, near Rougemont, in Calvados.
Well, my friend, oblige me by continuing your researches; endeavor to
procure me some precise information about this boy's habits and
disposition. Be prudent, too; don't give anybody's name. And thanks for
what you have done already; thanks for all you are doing for me."

Thereupon she took herself off without giving any further explanation,
without even telling her husband of the vague plans she was forming.
Beneath her crushing contempt he had grown calm again. Why should he
spoil his life of egotistical pleasure by resisting that mad creature?
All that he need do was to put on his hat and betake himself to his usual
diversions. And so he ended by shrugging his shoulders.

"After all, let her pick him up if she chooses, it won't be my doing. Act
as she asks you, my dear fellow; continue your researches and try to
content her. Perhaps she will then leave me in peace. But I've had quite
enough of it for to-day; good-by, I'm going out."

With the view of obtaining some information of Rougemont, Mathieu at
first thought of applying to La Couteau, if he could find her again; for
which purpose it occurred to him that he might call on Madame Bourdieu in
the Rue de Miromesnil. But another and more certain means suggested
itself. He had been led to renew his intercourse with the Seguins, of
whom he had for a time lost sight; and, much to his surprise, he had
found Valentine's former maid, Celeste, in the Avenue d'Antin once more.
Through this woman, he thought, he might reach La Couteau direct.

The renewal of the intercourse between the Froments and the Seguins was
due to a very happy chance. Mathieu's son Ambroise, on leaving college,
had entered the employment of an uncle of Seguin's, Thomas du Hordel, one
of the wealthiest commission merchants in Paris; and this old man, who,
despite his years, remained very sturdy, and still directed his business
with all the fire of youth, had conceived a growing fondness for
Ambroise, who had great mental endowments and a real genius for commerce.
Du Hordel's own children had consisted of two daughters, one of whom had
died young, while the other had married a madman, who had lodged a bullet
in his head and had left her childless and crazy like himself. This
partially explained the deep grandfatherly interest which Du Hordel took
in young Ambroise, who was the handsomest of all the Froments, with a
clear complexion, large black eyes, brown hair that curled naturally, and
manners of much refinement and elegance. But the old man was further
captivated by the young fellow's spirit of enterprise, the four modern
languages which he spoke so readily, and the evident mastery which he
would some day show in the management of a business which extended over
the five parts of the world. In his childhood, among his brothers and
sisters, Ambroise had always been the boldest, most captivating and
self-assertive. The others might be better than he, but he reigned over
them like a handsome, ambitious, greedy boy, a future man of gayety and
conquest. And this indeed he proved to be; by the charm of his victorious
intellect he conquered old Du Hordel in a few months, even as later on he
was destined to vanquish everybody and everything much as he pleased. His
strength lay in his power of pleasing and his power of action, a blending
of grace with the most assiduous industry.

About this time Seguin and his uncle, who had never set foot in the house
of the Avenue d'Antin since insanity had reigned there, drew together
again. Their apparent reconciliation was the outcome of a drama shrouded
in secrecy. Seguin, hard up and in debt, cast off by Nora, who divined
his approaching ruin, and preyed upon by other voracious creatures, had
ended by committing, on the turf, one of those indelicate actions which
honest people call thefts. Du Hordel, on being apprised of the matter,
had hastened forward and had paid what was due in order to avoid a
frightful scandal. And he was so upset by the extraordinary muddle in
which he found his nephew's home, once all prosperity, that remorse came
upon him as if he were in some degree responsible for what had happened,
since he had egotistically kept away from his relatives for his own
peace's sake. But he was more particularly won over by his grandniece
Andree, now a delicious young girl well-nigh eighteen years of age, and
therefore marriageable. She alone sufficed to attract him to the house,
and he was greatly distressed by the dangerous state of abandonment in
which he found her.

Her father continued dragging out his worthless life away from home. Her
mother, Valentine, had just emerged from a frightful crisis, her final
rupture with Santerre, who had made up his mind to marry a very wealthy
old lady, which, after all, was the logical destiny of such a crafty
exploiter of women, one who behind his affectation of cultured pessimism
had the vilest and greediest of natures. Valentine, distracted by this
rupture, had now thrown herself into religion, and, like her husband,
disappeared from the house for whole days. She was said to be an active
helpmate of old Count de Navarede, the president of a society of Catholic
propaganda. Gaston, her son, having left Saint-Cyr three months
previously, was now at the Cavalry School of Saumur, so fired with
passion for a military career that he already spoke of remaining a
bachelor, since a soldier's sword should be his only love, his only
spouse. Then Lucie, now nineteen years old, and full of mystical
exaltation, had already entered an Ursuline convent for her novitiate.
And in the big empty home, whence father, mother, brother and sister
fled, there remained but the gentle and adorable Andree, exposed to all
the blasts of insanity which even now swept through the household, and so
distressed by loneliness, that her uncle, Du Hordel, full of
compassionate affection, conceived the idea of giving her a husband in
the person of young Ambroise, the future conqueror.

This plan was helped on by the renewed presence of Celeste the maid.
Eight years had elapsed since Valentine had been obliged to dismiss this
woman for immorality; and during those eight years Celeste, weary of
service, had tried a number of equivocal callings of which she did not
speak. She had ended by turning up at Rougemont, her native place, in bad
health and such a state of wretchedness, that for the sake of a living
she went out as a charwoman there. Then she gradually recovered her
health, and accumulated a little stock of clothes, thanks to the
protection of the village priest, whom she won over by an affectation of
extreme piety. It was at Rougemont, no doubt, that she planned her return
to the Seguins, of whose vicissitudes she was informed by La Couteau, the
latter having kept up her intercourse with Madame Menoux, the little
haberdasher of the neighborhood.

Valentine, shortly after her rupture with Santerre, one day of furious
despair, when she had again dismissed all her servants, was surprised by
the arrival of Celeste, who showed herself so repentant, so devoted, and
so serious-minded, that her former mistress felt touched. She made her
weep on reminding her of her faults, and asking her to swear before God
that she would never repeat them; for Celeste now went to confession and
partook of the holy communion, and carried with her a certificate from
the Cure of Rougemont vouching for her deep piety and high morality. This
certificate acted decisively on Valentine, who, unwilling to remain at
home, and weary of the troubles of housekeeping, understood what precious
help she might derive from this woman. On her side Celeste certainly
relied upon power being surrendered to her. Two months later, by favoring
Lucie's excessive partiality to religious practices, she had helped her
into a convent. Gaston showed himself only when he secured a few days'
leave. And so Andree alone remained at home, impeding by her presence the
great general pillage that Celeste dreamt of. The maid therefore became a
most active worker on behalf of her young mistress's marriage.

Andree, it should be said, was comprised in Ambroise's universal
conquest. She had met him at her uncle Du Hordel's house for a year
before it occurred to the latter to marry them. She was a very gentle
girl, a little golden-haired sheep, as her mother sometimes said. And
that handsome, smiling young man, who evinced so much kindness towards
her, became the subject of her thoughts and hopes whenever she suffered
from loneliness and abandonment. Thus, when her uncle prudently
questioned her, she flung herself into his arms, weeping big tears of
gratitude and confession. Valentine, on being approached, at first
manifested some surprise. What, a son of the Froments! Those Froments had
already taken Chantebled from them, and did they now want to take one of
their daughters? Then, amid the collapse of fortune and household, she
could find no reasonable objection to urge. She had never been attached
to Andree. She accused La Catiche, the nurse, of having made the child
her own. That gentle, docile, emotional little sheep was not a Seguin,
she often remarked. Then, while feigning to defend the girl, Celeste
embittered her mother against her, and inspired her with a desire to see
the marriage promptly concluded, in order that she might free herself
from her last cares and live as she wished. Thus, after a long chat with
Mathieu, who promised his consent, it remained only for Du Hordel to
assure himself of Seguin's approval before an application in due form was
made. It was difficult, however, to find Seguin in a suitable frame of
mind. So weeks were lost, and it became necessary to pacify Ambroise, who
was very much in love, and was doubtless warned by his all-invading
genius that this loving and simple girl would bring him a kingdom in her

One day when Mathieu was passing along the Avenue d'Antin, it occurred to
him to call at the house to ascertain if Seguin had re-appeared there,
for he had suddenly taken himself off without warning, and had gone, so
it was believed, to Italy. Then, as Mathieu found himself alone with
Celeste, the opportunity seemed to him an excellent one to discover La
Couteau's whereabouts. He asked for news of her, saying that a friend of
his was in need of a good nurse.

"Well, monsieur, you are in luck's way," the maid replied; "La Couteau is
to bring a child home to our neighbor, Madame Menoux, this very day. It
is nearly four o'clock now, and that is the time when she promised to
come. You know Madame Menoux's place, do you not? It is the third shop in
the first street on the left." Then she apologized for being unable to
conduct him thither: "I am alone," she said; "we still have no news of
the master. On Wednesdays Madame presides at the meeting of her society,
and Mademoiselle Andree has just gone out walking with her uncle."

Mathieu hastily repaired to Madame Menoux's shop. From a distance he saw
her standing on the threshold; age had made her thinner than ever; at
forty she was as slim as a young girl, with a long and pointed face.
Silent labor consumed her; for twenty years she had been desperately
selling bits of cotton and packages of needles without ever making a
fortune, but pleased, nevertheless, at being able to add her modest gains
to her husband's monthly salary in order to provide him with sundry
little comforts. His rheumatism would no doubt soon compel him to
relinquish his post as a museum attendant, and how would they be able to
manage with his pension of a few hundred francs per annum if she did not
keep up her business? Moreover, they had met with no luck. Their first
child had died, and some years had elapsed before the birth of a second
boy, whom they had greeted with delight, no doubt, though he would prove
a heavy burden to them, especially as they had now decided to take him
back from the country. Thus Mathieu found the worthy woman in a state of
great emotion, waiting for the child on the threshold of her shop, and
watching the corner of the avenue.

"Oh! it was Celeste who sent you, monsieur! No, La Couteau hasn't come
yet. I'm quite astonished at it; I expect her every moment. Will you
kindly step inside, monsieur, and sit down?"

He refused the only chair which blocked up the narrow passage where
scarcely three customers could have stood in a row. Behind a glass
partition one perceived the dim back shop, which served as kitchen and
dining-room and bedchamber, and which received only a little air from a
damp inner yard which suggested a sewer shaft.

"As you see, monsieur, we have scarcely any room," continued Madame
Menoux; "but then we pay only eight hundred francs rent, and where else
could we find a shop at that price? And besides, I have been here for
nearly twenty years, and have worked up a little regular custom in the
neighborhood. Oh! I don't complain of the place myself, I'm not big,
there is always sufficient room for me. And as my husband comes home only
in the evening, and then sits down in his armchair to smoke his pipe, he
isn't so much inconvenienced. I do all I can for him, and he is
reasonable enough not to ask me to do more. But with a child I fear that
it will be impossible to get on here."

The recollection of her first boy, her little Pierre, returned to her,
and her eyes filled with tears. "Ah! monsieur, that was ten years ago,
and I can still see La Couteau bringing him back to me, just as she'll be
bringing the other by and by. I was told so many tales; there was such
good air at Rougemont, and the children led such healthy lives, and my
boy had such rosy cheeks, that I ended by leaving him there till he was
five years old, regretting that I had no room for him here. And no, you
can't have an idea of all the presents that the nurse wheedled out of me,
of all the money that I paid! It was ruination! And then, all at once, I
had just time to send for the boy, and he was brought back to me as thin
and pale and weak, as if he had never tasted good bread in his life. Two
months later he died in my arms. His father fell ill over it, and if we
hadn't been attached to one another, I think we should both have gone and
drowned ourselves."

Scarce wiping her eyes she feverishly returned to the threshold, and
again cast a passionate expectant glance towards the avenue. And when she
came back, having seen nothing, she resumed: "So you will understand our
emotion when, two years ago, though I was thirty-seven, I again had a
little boy. We were wild with delight, like a young married couple. But
what a lot of trouble and worry! We had to put the little fellow out to
nurse as we let the other one, since we could not possibly keep him here.
And even after swearing that he should not go to Rougemont we ended by
saying that we at least knew the place, and that he would not be worse
off there than elsewhere. Only we sent him to La Vimeux, for we wouldn't
hear any more of La Loiseau since she sent Pierre back in such a fearful
state. And this time, as the little fellow is now two years old, I was
determined to have him home again, though I don't even know where I shall
put him. I've been waiting for an hour now, and I can't help trembling,
for I always fear some catastrophe."

She could not remain in the shop, but remained standing by the doorway,
with her neck outstretched and her eyes fixed on the street corner. All
at once a deep cry came from her: "Ah! here they are!"

Leisurely, and with a sour, harassed air, La Couteau came in and placed
the sleeping child in Madame Menoux's arms, saying as she did so: "Well,
your George is a tidy weight, I can tell you. You won't say that I've
brought you this one back like a skeleton."

Quivering, her legs sinking beneath her for very joy, the mother had been
obliged to sit down, keeping her child on her knees, kissing him,
examining him, all haste to see if he were in good health and likely to
live. He had a fat and rather pale face, and seemed big, though puffy.
When she had unfastened his wraps, her hands trembling the while with
nervousness, she found that he was pot-bellied, with small legs and arms.

"He is very big about the body," she murmured, ceasing to smile, and
turning gloomy with renewed fears.

"Ah, yes! complain away!" said La Couteau. "The other was too thin; this
one will be too fat. Mothers are never satisfied!"

At the first glance Mathieu had detected that the child was one of those
who are fed on pap, stuffed for economy's sake with bread and water, and
fated to all the stomachic complaints of early childhood. And at the
sight of the poor little fellow, Rougemont, the frightful
slaughter-place, with its daily massacre of the innocents, arose in his
memory, such as it had been described to him in years long past. There
was La Loiseau, whose habits were so abominably filthy that her nurslings
rotted as on a manure heap; there was La Vimeux, who never purchased a
drop of milk, but picked up all the village crusts and made bran porridge
for her charges as if they had been pigs; there was La Gavette too, who,
being always in the fields, left her nurslings in the charge of a
paralytic old man, who sometimes let them fall into the fire; and there
was La Cauchois, who, having nobody to watch the babes, contented herself
with tying them in their cradles, leaving them in the company of fowls
which came in bands to peck at their eyes. And the scythe of death swept
by; there was wholesale assassination; doors were left wide open before
rows of cradles, in order to make room for fresh bundles despatched from
Paris. Yet all did not die; here, for instance, was one brought home
again. But even when they came back alive they carried with them the
germs of death, and another hecatomb ensued, another sacrifice to the
monstrous god of social egotism.

"I'm tired out; I must sit down," resumed La Couteau, seating herself on
the narrow bench behind the counter. "Ah! what a trade! And to think that
we are always received as if we were heartless criminals and thieves!"

She also had become withered, her sunburnt, tanned face suggesting more
than ever the beak of a bird of prey. But her eyes remained very keen,
sharpened as it were by ferocity. She no doubt failed to get rich fast
enough, for she continued wailing, complaining of her calling, of the
increasing avarice of parents, of the demands of the authorities, of the
warfare which was being declared against nurse-agents on all sides. Yes,
it was a lost calling, said she, and really God must have abandoned her
that she should still be compelled to carry it on at forty-five years of
age. "It will end by killing me," she added; "I shall always get more
kicks than money at it. How unjust it is! Here have I brought you back a
superb child, and yet you look anything but pleased--it's enough to
disgust one of doing one's best!"

In thus complaining her object perhaps was to extract from the
haberdasher as large a present as possible. Madame Menoux was certainly
disturbed by it all. Her boy woke up and began to wail loudly, and it
became necessary to give him a little lukewarm milk. At last, when the
accounts were settled, the nurse-agent, seeing that she would have ten
francs for herself, grew calmer. She was about to take her leave when
Madame Menoux, pointing to Mathieu, exclaimed: "This gentleman wished to
speak to you on business."

Although La Couteau had not seen the gentleman for several years past,
she had recognized him perfectly well. Still she had not even turned
towards him, for she knew him to be mixed up in so many matters that his
discretion was a certainty. And so she contented herself with saying: "If
monsieur will kindly explain to me what it is I shall be quite at his

"I will accompany you," replied Mathieu; "we can speak together as we
walk along."

"Very good, that will suit me well, for I am rather in a hurry."

Once outside, Mathieu resolved that he would try no ruses with her. The
best course was to tell her plainly what he wanted, and then to buy her
silence. At the first words he spoke she understood him. She well
remembered Norine's child, although in her time she had carried dozens of
children to the Foundling Hospital. The particular circumstances of that
case, however, the conversation which had taken place, her drive with
Mathieu in a cab, had all remained engraved on her memory. Moreover, she
had found that child again, at Rougemont, five days later; and she even
remembered that her friend the hospital-attendant had left it with La
Loiseau. But she had occupied herself no more about it afterwards; and
she believed that it was now dead, like so many others. When she heard
Mathieu speak of the hamlet of Saint-Pierre, of Montoir the wheelwright,
and of Alexandre-Honore, now fifteen, who must be in apprenticeship
there, she evinced great surprise.

"Oh, you must be mistaken, monsieur," she said; "I know Montoir at
Saint-Pierre very well. And he certainly has a lad from the Foundling, of
the age you mention, at his place. But that lad came from La Cauchois; he
is a big carroty fellow named Richard, who arrived at our village some
days before the other. I know who his mother was; she was an English
woman called Amy, who stopped more than once at Madame Bourdieu's. That
ginger-haired lad is certainly not your Norine's boy. Alexandre-Honore
was dark."

"Well, then," replied Mathieu, "there must be another apprentice at the
wheelwright's. My information is precise, it was given me officially."

After a moment's perplexity La Couteau made a gesture of ignorance, and
admitted that Mathieu might be right. "It's possible," said she; "perhaps
Montoir has two apprentices. He does a good business, and as I haven't
been to Saint-Pierre for some months now I can say nothing certain. Well,
and what do you desire of me, monsieur?"

He then gave her very clear instructions. She was to obtain the most
precise information possible about the lad's health, disposition, and
conduct, whether the schoolmaster had always been pleased with him,
whether his employer was equally satisfied, and so forth. Briefly, the
inquiry was to be complete. But, above all things, she was to carry it on
in such a way that nobody should suspect anything, neither the boy
himself nor the folks of the district. There must be absolute secrecy.

"All that is easy," replied La Couteau, "I understand perfectly, and you
can rely on me. I shall need a little time, however, and the best plan
will be for me to tell you of the result of my researches when I next
come to Paris. And if it suits you you will find me to-day fortnight, at
two o'clock, at Broquette's office in the Rue Roquepine. I am quite at
home there, and the place is like a tomb."

Some days later, as Mathieu was again at the Beauchene works with his son
Blaise, he was observed by Constance, who called him to her and
questioned him in such direct fashion that he had to tell her what steps
he had taken. When she heard of his appointment with La Couteau for the
Wednesday of the ensuing week, she said to him in her resolute way: "Come
and fetch me. I wish to question that woman myself. I want to be quite
certain on the matter."

In spite of the lapse of fifteen years Broquette's nurse-office in the
Rue Roquepine had remained the same as formerly, except that Madame
Broquette was dead and had been succeeded by her daughter Herminie. The
sudden loss of that fair, dignified lady, who had possessed such a
decorative presence and so ably represented the high morality and
respectability of the establishment, had at first seemed a severe one.
But it so happened that Herminie, a tall, slim, languid creature that she
was, gorged with novel-reading, also proved in her way a distinguished
figurehead for the office. She was already thirty and was still
unmarried, feeling indeed nothing but loathing for all the mothers laden
with whining children by whom she was surrounded. Moreover, M. Broquette,
her father, though now more than five-and-seventy, secretly remained the
all-powerful, energetic director of the place, discharging all needful
police duties, drilling new nurses like recruits, remaining ever on the
watch and incessantly perambulating the three floors of his suspicious,
dingy lodging-house.

La Couteau was waiting for Mathieu in the doorway. On perceiving
Constance, whom she did not know, for she had never previously met her,
she seemed surprised. Who could that lady be? what had she to do with the
affair? However, she promptly extinguished the bright gleam of curiosity
which for a moment lighted up her eyes; and as Herminie, with
distinguished nonchalance, was at that moment exhibiting a party of
nurses to two gentlemen in the office, she took her visitors into the
empty refectory, where the atmosphere was as usual tainted by a horrible
stench of cookery.

"You must excuse me, monsieur and madame," she exclaimed, "but there is
no other room free just now. The place is full."

Then she carried her keen glances from Mathieu to Constance, preferring
to wait until she was questioned, since another person was now in the

"You can speak out," said Mathieu. "Did you make the inquiries I spoke to
you about?"

"Certainly, monsieur. They were made, and properly made, I think."

"Then tell us the result: I repeat that you can speak freely before this

"Oh! monsieur, it won't take me long. You were quite right: there were
two apprentices at the wheelwright's at Saint-Pierre, and one of them was
Alexandre-Honore, the pretty blonde's child, the same that we took
together over yonder. He had been there, I found, barely two months,
after trying three or four other callings, and that explains my ignorance
of the circumstance. Only he's a lad who can stay nowhere, and so three
weeks ago he took himself off."

Constance could not restrain an exclamation of anxiety: "What! took
himself off?"

"Yes, madame, I mean that he ran away, and this time it is quite certain
that he has left the district, for he disappeared with three hundred
francs belonging to Montoir, his master."

La Couteau's dry voice rang as if it were an axe dealing a deadly blow.
Although she could not understand the lady's sudden pallor and despairing
emotion, she certainly seemed to derive cruel enjoyment from it.

"Are you quite sure of your information?" resumed Constance, struggling
against the facts. "That is perhaps mere village tittle-tattle."

"Tittle-tattle, madame? Oh! when I undertake to do anything I do it
properly. I spoke to the gendarmes. They have scoured the whole district,
and it is certain that Alexandre-Honore left no address behind him when
he went off with those three hundred francs. He is still on the run. As
for that I'll stake my name on it."

This was indeed a hard blow for Constance. That lad, whom she fancied she
had found again, of whom she dreamt incessantly, and on whom she had
based so many unacknowledgable plans of vengeance, escaped her, vanished
once more into the unknown! She was distracted by it as by some pitiless
stroke of fate, some fresh and irreparable defeat. However, she continued
the interrogatory.

"Surely you did not merely see the gendarmes? you were instructed to
question everybody."

"That is precisely what I did, madame. I saw the schoolmaster, and I
spoke to the other persons who had employed the lad. They all told me
that he was a good-for-nothing. The schoolmaster remembered that he had
been a liar and a bully. Now he's a thief; that makes him perfect. I
can't say otherwise than I have said, since you wanted to know the plain

La Couteau thus emphasized her statements on seeing that the lady's
suffering increased. And what strange suffering it was; a heart-pang at
each fresh accusation, as if her husband's illegitimate child had become
in some degree her own! She ended indeed by silencing the nurse-agent.

"Thank you. The boy is no longer at Rougemont, that is all we wished to

La Couteau thereupon turned to Mathieu, continuing her narrative, in
order to give him his money's worth.

"I also made the other apprentice talk a bit," said she; "you know, that
big carroty fellow, Richard, whom I spoke to you about. He's another whom
I wouldn't willingly trust. But it's certain that he doesn't know where
his companion has gone. The gendarmes think that Alexandre is in Paris."

Thereupon Mathieu in his turn thanked the woman, and handed her a
bank-note for fifty francs--a gift which brought a smile to her face and
rendered her obsequious, and, as she herself put it, "as discreetly
silent as the grave." Then, as three nurses came into the refectory, and
Monsieur Broquette could be heard scrubbing another's hands in the
kitchen, by way of teaching her how to cleanse herself of her native
dirt, Constance felt nausea arise within her, and made haste to follow
her companion away. Once in the street, instead of entering the cab which
was waiting, she paused pensively, haunted by La Couteau's final words.

"Did you hear?" she exclaimed. "That wretched lad may be in Paris."

"That is probable enough; they all end by stranding here."

Constance again hesitated, reflected, and finally made up her mind to say
in a somewhat tremulous voice: "And the mother, my friend; you know where
she lives, don't you? Did you not tell me that you had concerned yourself
about her?"

"Yes, I did."

"Then listen--and above all, don't be astonished; pity me, for I am
really suffering. An idea has just taken possession of me; it seems to me
that if the boy is in Paris, he may have found his mother. Perhaps he is
with her, or she may at least know where he lodges. Oh! don't tell me
that it is impossible. On the contrary, everything is possible."

Surprised and moved at seeing one who usually evinced so much calmness
now giving way to such fancies as these, Mathieu promised that he would
make inquiries. Nevertheless, Constance did not get into the cab, but
continued gazing at the pavement. And when she once more raised her eyes,
she spoke to him entreatingly, in an embarrassed, humble manner: "Do you
know what we ought to do? Excuse me, but it is a service I shall never
forget. If I could only know the truth at once it might calm me a little.
Well, let us drive to that woman's now. Oh! I won't go up; you can go
alone, while I wait in the cab at the street corner. And perhaps you will
obtain some news."

It was an insane idea, and he was at first minded to prove this to her.
Then, on looking at her, she seemed to him so wretched, so painfully
tortured, that without a word, making indeed but a kindly gesture of
compassion, he consented. And the cab carried them away.

The large room in which Norine and Cecile lived together was at Grenelle,
near the Champ de Mars, in a street at the end of the Rue de la
Federation. They had been there for nearly six years now, and in the
earlier days had experienced much worry and wretchedness. But the child
whom they had to feed and save had on his side saved them also. The
motherly feelings slumbering in Norine's heart had awakened with
passionate intensity for that poor little one as soon as she had given
him the breast and learnt to watch over him and kiss him. And it was also
wondrous to see how that unfortunate creature Cecile regarded the child
as in some degree her own. He had indeed two mothers, whose thoughts were
for him alone. If Norine, during the first few months, had often wearied
of spending her days in pasting little boxes together, if even thoughts
of flight had at times come to her, she had always been restrained by the
puny arms that were clasped around her neck. And now she had grown calm,
sensible, diligent, and very expert at the light work which Cecile had
taught her. It was a sight to see them both, gay and closely united in
their little home, which was like a convent cell, spending their days at
their little table; while between them was their child, their one source
of life, of hard-working courage and happiness.

Since they had been living thus they had made but one good friend, and
this was Madame Angelin. As a delegate of the Poor Relief Service,
intrusted with one of the Grenelle districts, Madame Angelin had found
Norine among the pensioners over whom she was appointed to watch. A
feeling of affection for the two mothers, as she called the sisters, had
sprung up within her, and she had succeeded in inducing the authorities
to prolong the child's allowance of thirty francs a month for a period of
three years. Then she had obtained scholastic assistance for him, not to
mention frequent presents which she brought--clothes, linen, and even
money--for apart from official matters, charitable people often intrusted
her with fairly large sums, which she distributed among the most
meritorious of the poor mothers whom she visited. And even nowadays she
occasionally called on the sisters, well pleased to spend an hour in that
nook of quiet toil, which the laughter and the play of the child
enlivened. She there felt herself to be far away from the world, and
suffered less from her own misfortunes. And Norine kissed her hands,
declaring that without her the little household of the two mothers would
never have managed to exist.

When Mathieu appeared there, cries of delight arose. He also was a
friend, a saviour--the one who, by first taking and furnishing the large
room, had founded the household. It was a very clean room, almost
coquettish with its white curtains, and rendered very cheerful by its two
large windows, which admitted the golden radiance of the afternoon sun.
Norine and Cecile were working at the table, cutting out cardboard and
pasting it together, while the little one, who had come home from school,
sat between them on a high chair, gravely handling a pair of scissors and
fully persuaded that he was helping them.

"Oh! is it you? How kind of you to come to see us! Nobody has called for
five days past. Oh! we don't complain of it. We are so happy alone
together! Since Irma married a clerk she has treated us with disdain.
Euphrasie can no longer come down her stairs. Victor and his wife live so
far away. And as for that rascal Alfred, he only comes up here to see if
he can find something to steal. Mamma called five days ago to tell us
that papa had narrowly escaped being killed at the works on the previous
day. Poor mamma! she is so worn out that before long she won't be able to
take a step."

While the sisters thus rattled on both together, one beginning a sentence
and the other finishing it, Mathieu looked at Norine, who, thanks to that
peaceful and regular life, had regained in her thirty-sixth year a
freshness of complexion that suggested a superb, mature fruit gilded by
the sun. And even the slender Cecile had acquired strength, the strength
which love's energy can impart even to a childish form.

All at once, however, she raised a loud exclamation of horror: "Oh! he
has hurt himself, the poor little fellow." And at once she snatched the
scissors from the child, who sat there laughing with a drop of blood at
the tip of one of his fingers.

"Oh! good Heavens," murmured Norine, who had turned quite pale, "I feared
that he had slit his hand."

For a moment Mathieu wondered if he would serve any useful purpose by
fulfilling the strange mission he had undertaken. Then it seemed to him
that it might be as well to say at least a word of warning to the young
woman who had grown so calm and quiet, thanks to the life of work which
she had at last embraced. And he proceeded very prudently, only revealing
the truth by slow degrees. Nevertheless, there came a moment when, after
reminding Norine of the birth of Alexandre-Honore, it became necessary
for him to add that the boy was living.

The mother looked at Mathieu in evident consternation. "He is living,
living! Why do you tell me that? I was so pleased at knowing nothing."

"No doubt; but it is best that you should know. I have even been assured
that he must now be in Paris, and I wondered whether he might have found
you, and have come to see you."

At this she lost all self-possession. "What! Have come to see me! Nobody
has been to see me. Do you think, then, that he might come? But I don't
want him to do so! I should go mad! A big fellow of fifteen falling on me
like that--a lad I don't know and don't care for! Oh! no, no; prevent it,
I beg of you; I couldn't--I couldn't bear it!"

With a gesture of utter distraction she had burst into tears, and had
caught hold of the little one near her, pressing him to her breast as if
to shield him from the other, the unknown son, the stranger, who by his
resurrection threatened to thrust himself in some degree in the younger
lad's place.

"No, no!" she cried. "I have but one child; there is only one I love; I
don't want any other."

Cecile had risen, greatly moved, and desirous of bringing her sister to
reason. Supposing that the other son should come, how could she turn him
out of doors? At the same time, though her pity was aroused for the
abandoned one, she also began to bewail the loss of their happiness. It
became necessary for Mathieu to reassure them both by saying that he
regarded such a visit as most improbable. Without telling them the exact
truth, he spoke of the elder lad's disappearance, adding, however, that
he must be ignorant even of his mother's name. Thus, when he left the
sisters, they already felt relieved and had again turned to their little
boxes while smiling at their son, to whom they had once more intrusted
the scissors in order that he might cut out some paper men.

Down below, at the street corner, Constance, in great impatience, was
looking out of the cab window, watching the house-door.

"Well?" she asked, quivering, as soon as Mathieu was near her.

"Well, the mother knows nothing and has seen nobody. It was a foregone

She sank down as if from some supreme collapse, and her ashen face became
quite distorted. "You are right, it was certain," said she; "still one
always hopes." And with a gesture of despair she added: "It is all ended
now. Everything fails me, my last dream is dead."

Mathieu pressed her hand and remained waiting for her to give an address
in order that he might transmit it to the driver. But she seemed to have
lost her head and to have forgotten where she wished to go. Then, as she
asked him if he would like her to set him down anywhere, he replied that
he wished to call on the Seguins. The fear of finding herself alone again
so soon after the blow which had fallen on her thereupon gave her the
idea of paying a visit to Valentine, whom she had not seen for some time

"Get in," she said to Mathieu; "we will go to the Avenue d'Antin

The vehicle rolled off and heavy silence fell between them; they had not
a word to say to one another. However, as they were reaching their
destination, Constance exclaimed in a bitter voice: "You must give my
husband the good news, and tell him that the boy has disappeared. Ah!
what a relief for him!"

Mathieu, on calling in the Avenue d'Antin, had hoped to find the Seguins
assembled there. Seguin himself had returned to Paris, nobody knew
whence, a week previously, when Andree's hand had been formally asked of
him; and after an interview with his uncle Du Hordel he had evinced great
willingness and cordiality. Indeed, the wedding had immediately been
fixed for the month of May, when the Froments also hoped to marry off
their daughter Rose. The two weddings, it was thought, might take place
at Chantebled on the same day, which would be delightful. This being
arranged, Ambroise was accepted as fiance, and to his great delight was
able to call at the Seguins' every day, about five o'clock, to pay his
court according to established usage. It was on account of this that
Mathieu fully expected to find the whole family at home.

When Constance asked for Valentine, however, a footman informed her that
Madame had gone out. And when Mathieu in his turn asked for Seguin, the
man replied that Monsieur was also absent. Only Mademoiselle was at home
with her betrothed. On learning this the visitors went upstairs.

"What! are you left all alone?" exclaimed Mathieu on perceiving the young
couple seated side by side on a little couch in the big room on the first
floor, which Seguin had once called his "cabinet."

"Why, yes, we are alone in the house," Andree answered with a charming
laugh. "We are very pleased at it."

They looked adorable, thus seated side by side--she so gentle, of such
tender beauty--he with all the fascinating charm that was blended with
his strength.

"Isn't Celeste there at any rate?" again inquired Mathieu.

"No, she has disappeared we don't know where." And again they laughed
like free frolicsome birds ensconced in the depths of some lonely forest.

"Well, you cannot be very lively all alone like this."

"Oh! we don't feel at all bored, we have so many things to talk about.
And then we look at one another. And there is never an end to it all."

Though her heart bled, Constance could not help admiring them. Ah, to
think of it! Such grace, such health, such hope! While in her home all
was blighted, withered, destroyed, that race of Froments seemed destined
to increase forever! For this again was a conquest--those two children
left free to love one another, henceforth alone in that sumptuous mansion
which to-morrow would belong to them. Then, at another thought, Constance
turned towards Mathieu: "Are you not also marrying your eldest daughter?"
she asked.

"Yes, Rose," Mathieu gayly responded. "We shall have a grand fete at
Chantebled next May! You must all of you come there."

'Twas indeed as she had thought: numbers prevailed, life proved
victorious. Chantebled had been conquered from the Seguins, and now their
very house would soon be invaded by Ambroise, while the Beauchene works
themselves had already half fallen into the hands of Blaise.

"We will go," she answered, quivering. "And may your good luck
continue--that is what I wish you."


AMID the general delight attending the double wedding which was to prove,
so to say, a supreme celebration of the glory of Chantebled, it had
occurred to Mathieu's daughter Rose to gather the whole family together
one Sunday, ten days before the date appointed for the ceremony. She and
her betrothed, followed by the whole family, were to repair to Janville
station in the morning to meet the other affianced pair, Ambroise and
Andree, who were to be conducted in triumph to the farm where they would
all lunch together. It would be a kind of wedding rehearsal, she
exclaimed with her hearty laugh; they would be able to arrange the
programme for the great day. And her idea enraptured her to such a point,
she seemed to anticipate so much delight from this preliminary festival,
that Mathieu and Marianne consented to it.

Rose's marriage was like the supreme blossoming of years of prosperity,
and brought a finishing touch to the happiness of the home. She was the
prettiest of Mathieu's daughters, with dark brown hair, round gilded
cheeks, merry eyes, and charming mouth. And she had the most equable of
dispositions, her laughter ever rang out so heartily! She seemed indeed
to be the very soul, the good fairy, of that farm teeming with busy life.
But beneath the invariable good humor which kept her singing from morning
till night there was much common sense and energy of affection, as her
choice of a husband showed. Eight years previously Mathieu had engaged
the services of one Frederic Berthaud, the son of a petty farmer of the
neighborhood. This sturdy young fellow had taken a passionate interest in
the creative work of Chantebled, learning and working there with rare
activity and intelligence. He had no means of his own at all. Rose, who
had grown up near him, knew however that he was her father's preferred
assistant, and when he returned to the farm at the expiration of his
military service she, divining that he loved her, forced him to
acknowledge it. Thus she settled her own future life; she wished to
remain near her parents, on that farm which had hitherto held all her
happiness. Neither Mathieu nor Marianne was surprised at this. Deeply
touched, they signified their approval of a choice in which affection for
themselves had so large a part. The family ties seemed to be drawn yet
closer, and increase of joy came to the home.

So everything was settled, and it was agreed that on the appointed Sunday
Ambroise should bring his betrothed Andree and her mother, Madame Seguin,
to Janville by the ten o'clock train. A couple of hours previously Rose
had already begun a battle with the object of prevailing upon the whole
family to repair to the railway station to meet the affianced pair.

"But come, my children, it is unreasonable," Marianne gently exclaimed.
"It is necessary that somebody should stay at home. I shall keep Nicolas
here, for there is no need to send children of five years old scouring
the roads. I shall also keep Gervais and Claire. But you may take all the
others if you like, and your father shall lead the way."

Rose, however, still merrily laughing, clung to her plan. "No, no, mamma,
you must come as well; everybody must come; it was promised. Ambroise and
Andree, you see, are like a royal couple from a neighboring kingdom. My
brother Ambroise, having won the hand of a foreign princess, is going to
present her to us. And so, to do them the honors of our own empire, we,
Frederic and I, must go to meet them, attended by the whole Court. You
form the Court and you cannot do otherwise than come. Ah what a fine
sight it will be when we spread out through the country on our way home

Marianne, amused by her daughter's overflowing gayety, ended by laughing
and giving way.

"This will be the order of the march," resumed Rose. "Oh! I've planned
everything, as you will see! As for Frederic and myself, we shall go on
our bicycles--that is the most modern style. We will also take my maids
of honor, my little sisters Louise, Madeleine, and Marguerite, eleven,
nine, and seven years old, on their bicycles. They will look very well
behind me. Then Gregoire can follow on his wheel; he is thirteen, and
will do as a page, bringing up the rear of my personal escort. All the
rest of the Court will have to pack itself into the chariot--I mean the
big family wagon, in which there is room for eight. You, as Queen Mother,
may keep your last little prince, Nicolas, on your knees. Papa will only
have to carry himself proudly, as befits the head of a dynasty. And my
brother Gervais, that young Hercules of seventeen, shall drive, with
Claire, who at fifteen is so remarkable for common sense, beside him on
the box-seat. As for the illustrious twins, those high and mighty lords,
Denis and Blaise, we will call for them at Janville, since they are
waiting for us there, at Madame Desvignes'."

Thus did Rose rattle on, exulting over the scheme she had devised. She
danced, sang, clapped her hands, and finally exclaimed: "Ah! for a pretty
cortege this will be fine indeed."

She was animated by such joyous haste that she made the party start much
sooner than was necessary, and they reached Janville at half-past nine.
It was true, however, that they had to call for the others there. The
house in which Madame Desvignes had taken refuge after her husband's
death, and which she had now occupied for some twelve years, living there
in a very quiet retired way on the scanty income she had managed to save,
was the first in the village, on the high road. For a week past her elder
daughter Charlotte, Blaise's wife, had come to stay there with her
children, Berthe and Christophe, who needed change of air; and on the
previous evening they had been joined by Blaise, who was well pleased to
spend Sunday with them.

Madame Desvignes' younger daughter, Marthe, was delighted whenever her
sister thus came to spend a few weeks in the old home, bringing her
little ones with her, and once more occupying the room which had belonged
to her in her girlish days. All the laughter and playfulness of the past
came back again, and the one dream of worthy Madame Desvignes, amid her
pride at being a grandmamma, was of completing her life-work, hitherto so
prudently carried on, by marrying off Marthe in her turn. As a matter of
fact it had seemed likely that there might be three instead of two
weddings at Chantebled that spring. Denis, who, since leaving a
scientific school had embarked in fresh technical studies, often slept at
the farm and nearly every Sunday he saw Marthe, who was of the same age
as Rose and her constant companion. The young girl, a pretty blonde like
her sister Charlotte, but of a less impulsive and more practical nature,
had indeed attracted Denis, and, dowerless though she was, he had made up
his mind to marry her, since he had discovered that she possessed the
sterling qualities that help one on to fortune. But in their chats
together both evinced good sense and serene confidence, without sign of
undue haste. Particularly was this the case with Denis, who was very
methodical in his ways and unwilling to place a woman's happiness in
question until he could offer her an assured position. Thus, of their own
accord, they had postponed their marriage, quietly and smilingly
resisting the passionate assaults of Rose, whom the idea of three
weddings on the same day had greatly excited. At the same time, Denis
continued visiting Madame Desvignes, who, on her side, equally prudent
and confident, received him much as if he were her son. That morning he
had even quitted the farm at seven o'clock, saying that he meant to
surprise Blaise in bed; and thus he also was to be met at Janville.

As it happened, the fete of Janville fell on Sunday, the second in May.
Encompassing the square in front of the railway station were roundabouts,
booths, shooting galleries, and refreshment stalls. Stormy showers during
the night had cleansed the sky, which was of a pure blue, with a flaming
sun, whose heat in fact was excessive for the season. A good many people
were already assembled on the square--all the idlers of the district,
bands of children, and peasants of the surrounding country, eager to see
the sights; and into the midst of this crowd fell the Froments--first the
bicyclists, next the wagon, and then the others who had been met at the
entry of the village.

"We are producing our little effect!" exclaimed Rose as she sprang from
her wheel.

This was incontestable. During the earlier years the whole of Janville
had looked harshly on those Froments, those bourgeois who had come nobody
knew whence, and who, with overweening conceit, had talked of making corn
grow in land where there had been nothing but crops of stones for
centuries past. Then the miracle, Mathieu's extraordinary victory, had
long hurt people's vanity and thereby increased their anger. But
everything passes away; one cannot regard success with rancor, and folks
who grow rich always end by being in the right. Thus, nowadays, Janville
smiled complacently on that swarming family which had grown up beside it,
forgetting that in former times each fresh birth at Chantebled had been
regarded as quite scandalous by the gossips. Besides, how could one
resist such a happy display of strength and power, such a merry invasion,
when, as on that festive Sunday, the whole family came up at a gallop,
conquering the roads, the streets, and the squares? What with the father
and mother, the eleven children--six boys and five girls--and two
grandchildren already, there were fifteen of them. The eldest boys, the
twins, were now four-and twenty, and still so much alike that people
occasionally mistook one for the other as in their cradle days, when
Marianne had been obliged to open their eyes to identify them, those of
Blaise being gray, and those of Denis black. Nicolas, the youngest boy,
at the other end of the family scale, was as yet but five years old; a
delightful little urchin was he, a precocious little man whose energy and
courage were quite amusing. And between the twins and that youngster came
the eight other children: Ambroise, the future husband, who was already
on the road to every conquest; Rose, so brimful of life; who likewise was
on the eve of marrying; Gervais, with his square brow and wrestler's
limbs, who would soon be fighting the good fight of agriculture; Claire,
who was silent and hardworking, and lacked beauty, but possessed a strong
heart and a housewife's sensible head. Next Gregoire, the undisciplined,
self-willed schoolboy, who was ever beating the hedges in search of
adventures; and then the three last girls: Louise, plump and good
natured; Madeleine, delicate and of dreamy mind; Marguerite, the least
pretty but the most loving of the trio. And when, behind their father and
their mother, the eleven came along one after the other, followed too by
Berthe and Christophe, representing yet another generation, it was a real
procession that one saw, as, for instance, on that fine Sunday on the
Grand Place of Janville, already crowded with holiday-making folks. And
the effect was irresistible; even those who were scarcely pleased with
the prodigious success of Chantebled felt enlivened and amused at seeing
the Froments galloping about and invading the place. So much health and
mirth and strength accompanied them, as if earth with her overflowing
gifts of life had thus profusely created them for to-morrow's everlasting

"Let those who think themselves more numerous come forward!" Rose resumed
gayly. "And then we will count one another."

"Come, be quiet!" said her mother, who, after alighting from the wagon,
had set Nicolas on the ground. "You will end by making people hoot us."

"Hoot us! Why, they admire us: just look at them! How funny it is, mamma,
that you are not prouder of yourself and of us!"

"Why, I am so very proud that I fear to humiliate others."

They all began to laugh. And Mathieu, standing near Marianne, likewise
felt proud at finding himself, as he put it, among "the sacred battalion"
of his sons and daughters. To that battalion worthy Madame Desvignes
herself belonged, since her daughter Charlotte was adding soldiers to it
and helping it to become an army. Such as it was indeed, this was only
the beginning; later on the battalion would be seen ever increasing and
multiplying, becoming a swarming victorious race, great-grandchildren
following grandchildren, till there were fifty of them, and a hundred,
and two hundred, all tending to increase the happiness and beauty of the
world. And in the mingled amazement and amusement of Janville gathered
around that fruitful family there was certainly some of the instinctive
admiration which is felt for the strength and the healthfulness which
create great nations.

"Besides, we have only friends now," remarked Mathieu. "Everybody is
cordial with us!"

"Oh, everybody!" muttered Rose. "Just look at the Lepailleurs yonder, in
front of that booth."

The Lepailleurs were indeed there--the father, the mother, Antonin, and
Therese. In order to avoid the Froments they were pretending to take
great interest in a booth, where a number of crudely-colored china
ornaments were displayed as prizes for the winners at a "lucky-wheel."
They no longer even exchanged courtesies with the Chantebled folks; for
in their impotent rage at such ceaseless prosperity they had availed
themselves of a petty business dispute to break off all relations.
Lepailleur regarded the creation of Chantebled as a personal insult, for
he had not forgotten his jeers and challenges with respect to those
moorlands, from which, in his opinion, one would never reap anything but
stones. And thus, when he had well examined the china ornaments, it
occurred to him to be insolent, with which object he turned round and
stared at the Froments, who, as the train they were expecting would not
arrive for another quarter of an hour, were gayly promenading through the

The miller's bad temper had for the last two months been increased by the
return of his son Antonin to Janville under very deplorable
circumstances. This young fellow, who had set off one morning to conquer
Paris, sent there by his parents, who had a blind confidence in his fine
handwriting, had remained with Maitre Rousselet the attorney for four
years as a petty clerk, dull-witted and extremely idle. He had not made
the slightest progress in his profession, but had gradually sunk into
debauchery, cafe-life, drunkenness, gambling, and facile amours. To him
the conquest of Paris meant greedy indulgence in the coarsest pleasures
such as he had dreamt of in his village. It consumed all his money, all
the supplies which he extracted from his mother by continual promises of
victory, in which she implicitly believed, so great was her faith in him.
But he ended by grievously suffering in health, turned thin and yellow,
and actually began to lose his hair at three-and-twenty, so that his
mother, full of alarm, brought him home one day, declaring that he worked
too hard, and that she would not allow him to kill himself in that
fashion. It leaked out, however, later on, that Maitre Rousselet had
summarily dismissed him. Even before this was known his return home did
not fail to make his father growl. The miller partially guessed the
truth, and if he did not openly vent his anger, it was solely from pride,
in order that he might not have to confess his mistake with respect to
the brilliant career which he had predicted for Antonin. At home, when
the doors were closed, Lepailleur revenged himself on his wife, picking
the most frightful quarrels with her since he had discovered her frequent
remittances of money to their son. But she held her own against him, for
even as she had formerly admired him, so at present she admired her boy.
She sacrificed, as it were, the father to the son, now that the latter's
greater learning brought her increased surprise. And so the household was
all disagreement as a result of that foolish attempt, born of vanity, to
make their heir a Monsieur, a Parisian. Antonin for his part sneered and
shrugged his shoulders at it all, idling away his time pending the day
when he might be able to resume a life of profligacy.

When the Froments passed by, it was a fine sight to see the Lepailleurs
standing there stiffly and devouring them with their eyes. The father
puckered his lips in an attempt to sneer, and the mother jerked her head
with an air of bravado. The son, standing there with his hands in his
pockets, presented a sorry sight with his bent back, his bald head, and
pale face. All three were seeking to devise something disagreeable when
an opportunity presented itself.

"Why, where is Therese?" exclaimed La Lepailleur. "She was here just now:
what has become of her? I won't have her leave me when there are all
these people about!"

It was quite true, for the last moment Therese had disappeared. She was
now ten years old and very pretty, quite a plump little blonde, with wild
hair and black eyes which shone brightly. But she had a terribly
impulsive and wilful nature, and would run off and disappear for hours at
a time, beating the hedges and scouring the countryside in search of
birds'-nests and flowers and wild fruit. If her mother, however, made
such a display of alarm, darting hither and thither to find her, just as
the Froments passed by, it was because she had become aware of some
scandalous proceedings during the previous week. Therese's ardent dream
was to possess a bicycle, and she desired one the more since her parents
stubbornly refused to content her, declaring in fact that those machines
might do for bourgeois but were certainly not fit for well-behaved girls.
Well, one afternoon, when she had gone as usual into the fields, her
mother, returning from market, had perceived her on a deserted strip of
road, in company with little Gregoire Froment, another young wanderer
whom she often met in this wise, in spots known only to themselves. The
two made a very suitable pair, and were ever larking and rambling along
the paths, under the leaves, beside the ditches. But the abominable thing
was that, on this occasion, Gregoire, having seated Therese on his own
bicycle, was supporting her at the waist and running alongside, helping
her to direct the machine. Briefly it was a real bicycle lesson which the
little rascal was giving, and which the little hussy took with all the
pleasure in the world. When Therese returned home that evening she had
her ears soundly boxed for her pains.

"Where can that little gadabout have got to?" La Lepailleur continued
shouting. "One can no sooner take one's eyes off her than she runs away."

Antonin, however, having peeped behind the booth containing the china
ornaments, lurched back again, still with his hands in his pockets, and
said with his vicious sneer: "Just look there, you'll see something."

And indeed, behind the booth, his mother again found Therese and Gregoire
together. The lad was holding his bicycle with one hand and explaining
some of the mechanism of it, while the girl, full of admiration and
covetousness, looked on with glowing eyes. Indeed she could not resist
her inclination, but laughingly let Gregoire raise her in order to seat
her for a moment on the saddle, when all at once her mother's terrible
voice burst forth: "You wicked hussy! what are you up to there again?
Just come back at once, or I'll settle your business for you."

Then Mathieu also, catching sight of the scene, sternly summoned
Gregoire: "Please to place your wheel with the others. You know what I
have already said to you, so don't begin again."

It was war. Lepailleur impudently growled ignoble threats, which
fortunately were lost amid the strains of a barrel organ. And the two
families separated, going off in different directions through the growing
holiday-making crowd.

"Won't that train ever come, then?" resumed Rose, who with joyous
impatience was at every moment turning to glance at the clock of the
little railway station on the other side of the square. "We have still
ten minutes to wait: whatever shall we do?"

As it happened she had stopped in front of a hawker who stood on the
footway with a basketful of crawfish, crawling, pell-mell, at his feet.
They had certainly come from the sources of the Yeuse, three leagues
away. They were not large, but they were very tasty, for Rose herself had
occasionally caught some in the stream. And thus a greedy but also
playful fancy came to her.

"Oh, mamma!" she cried, "let us buy the whole basketful. It will be for
the feast of welcome, you see; it will be our present to the royal couple
we are awaiting. People won't say that Our Majesties neglect to do things
properly when they are expecting other Majesties. And I will cook them
when we get back, and you'll see how well I shall succeed."

At this the others began to poke fun at her, but her parents ended by
doing as she asked, big child as she was, who in the fulness of her
happiness hardly knew what amusement to seek. However, as by way of
pastime she obstinately sought to count the crawfish, quite an affair
ensued: some of them pinched her, and she dropped them with a little
shriek; and, amid it all, the basket fell over and then the crawfish
hurriedly crawled away. The boys and girls darted in pursuit of them,
there was quite a hunt, in which even the serious members of the family
at last took part. And what with the laughter and eagerness of one and
all, the big as well as the little, the whole happy brood, the sight was
so droll and gay that the folks of Janville again drew near and
good-naturedly took their share of the amusement.

All at once, however, arose a distant rumble of wheels and an engine

"Ah, good Heavens! here they are!" cried Rose, quite scared; "quick,
quick, or the reception will be missed."

A scramble ensued, the owner of the crawfish was paid, and there was just
time to shut the basket and carry it to the wagon. The whole family was
already running off, invading the little station, and ranging itself in
good order along the arrival platform.

"No, no, not like that," Rose repeated. "You don't observe the right
order of precedence. The queen mother must be with the king her husband,
and then the princes according to their height. Frederic must place
himself on my right. And it's for me, you know, to make the speech of

The train stopped. When Ambroise and Andree alighted they were at first
much surprised to find that everybody had come to meet them, drawn up in
a row with solemn mien. When Rose, however began to deliver a pompous
little speech, treating her brother's betrothed like some foreign
princess, whom she had orders to welcome in the name of the king, her
father, the young couple began to laugh, and even prolonged the joke by
responding in the same style. The railway men looked on and listened,
gaping. It was a fine farce, and the Froments were delighted at showing
themselves so playful on that warm May morning.

But Marianne suddenly raised an exclamation of surprise: "What! has not
Madame Seguin come with you? She gave me so many promises that she

In the rear of Ambroise and Andree Celeste the maid had alone alighted
from the train. And she undertook to explain things: "Madame charged me,"
said she, "to say that she was really most grieved. Yesterday she still
hoped that she would be able to keep her promise. Only in the evening she
received a visit from Monsieur de Navarede, who is presiding to-day,
Sunday, at a meeting of his Society, and of course Madame could not do
otherwise than attend it. So she requested me to accompany the young
people, and everything is satisfactory, for here they are, you see."

As a matter of fact nobody regretted the absence of Valentine, who always
moped when she came into the country. And Mathieu expressed the general
opinion in a few words of polite regret: "Well, you must tell her how
much we shall miss her. And now let us be off."

Celeste, however, intervened once more. "Excuse me, monsieur, but I
cannot remain with you. No. Madame particularly told me to go back to her
at once, as she will need me to dress her. And, besides, she is always
bored when she is alone. There is a train for Paris at a quarter past
ten, is there not? I will go back by it. Then I will be here at eight
o'clock this evening to take Mademoiselle home. We settled all that in
looking through a time-table. Till this evening, monsieur."

"Till this evening, then, it's understood."

Thereupon, leaving the maid in the deserted little station, all the
others returned to the village square, where the wagon and the bicycles
were waiting.

"Now we are all assembled," exclaimed Rose, "and the real fete is about
to begin. Let me organize the procession for our triumphal return to the
castle of our ancestors."

"I am very much afraid that your procession will be soaked," said
Marianne. "Just look at the rain approaching!"

During the last few moments there had appeared in the hitherto spotless
sky a huge, livid cloud, rising from the west and urged along by a sudden
squall. It presaged a return of the violent stormy showers of the
previous night.

"Rain! Oh, we don't care about that," the girl responded with an air of
superb defiance. "It will never dare to come down before we get home."

Then, with a comical semblance of authority, she disposed her people in
the order which she had planned in her mind a week previously. And the
procession set off through the admiring village, amid the smiles of all
the good women hastening to their doorsteps, and then spread out along
the white road between the fertile fields, where bands of startled larks
took wing, carrying their clear song to the heavens. It was really

At the head of the party were Rose and Frederic, side by side on their
bicycles, opening the nuptial march with majestic amplitude. Behind them
followed the three maids of honor, the younger sisters, Louise,
Madeleine, and Marguerite, the tallest first, the shortest last, and each
on a wheel proportioned to her growth. And with berets* on their heads,
and their hair down their backs, waving in the breeze, they looked
adorable, suggesting a flight of messenger swallows skimming over the
ground and bearing good tidings onward. As for Gregoire the page, restive
and always ready to bolt, he did not behave very well; for he actually
tried to pass the royal couple at the head of the procession, a
proceeding which brought him various severe admonitions until he fell
back, as duty demanded, to his deferential and modest post. On the other
hand, as the three maids of honor began to sing the ballad of Cinderella
on her way to the palace of Prince Charming, the royal couple
condescendingly declared that the song was appropriate and of pleasing
effect, whatever might be the requirements of etiquette. Indeed, Rose,
Frederic, and Gregoire also ended by singing the ballad, which rang out
amid the serene, far-spreading countryside like the finest music in the

  * The beret is the Pyreneean tam-o'-shanter.

Then, at a short distance in the rear, came the chariot, the good old
family wagon, which was now crowded. According to the prearranged
programme it was Gervais who held the ribbons, with Claire beside him.
The two strong horses trotted on in their usual leisurely fashion, in
spite of all the gay whip-cracking of their driver, who also wished to
contribute to the music. Inside there were now seven people for six
places, for if the three children were small, they were at the same time
so restless that they fully took up their share of room. First, face to
face, there were Ambroise and Andree, the betrothed couple who were being
honored by this glorious welcome. Then, also face to face, there were the
high and mighty rulers of the region, Mathieu and Marianne, the latter of
whom kept little Nicolas, the last prince of the line, on her knees, he
braying the while like a little donkey, because he felt so pleased. Then
the last places were occupied by the rulers' granddaughter and grandson,
Mademoiselle Berthe and Monsieur Christophe, who were as yet unable to
walk long distances. And the chariot rolled on with much majesty, albeit
that for fear of the rain the curtains of stout white linen had already
been half-drawn, thus giving the vehicle, at a distance, somewhat of the
aspect of a miller's van.

Further back yet, as a sort of rear-guard, was a group on foot, composed
of Blaise, Denis, Madame Desvignes, and her daughters Charlotte and
Marthe. They had absolutely refused to take a fly, finding it more
pleasant to walk the mile and a half which separated Chantebled from
Janville. If the rain should fall, they would manage to find shelter
somewhere. Besides, Rose had declared that a suite on foot was absolutely
necessary to give the procession its full significance. Those five last
comers would represent the multitude, the great concourse of people which
follows sovereigns and acclaims them. Or else they might be the necessary
guard, the men-at-arms, who watched for the purpose of foiling a possible
attack from some felon neighbor. At the same time it unfortunately
happened that worthy Madame Desvignes could not walk very fast, so that
the rear-guard was soon distanced, to such a degree indeed that it became
merely a little lost group, far away.

Still this did not disconcert Rose, but rather made her laugh the more.
At the first bend of the road she turned her head, and when she saw her
rear-guard more than three hundred yards away she raised cries of
admiration. "Oh! just look, Frederic! What an interminable procession!
What a deal of room we take up! The cortege is becoming longer and
longer, and the road won't be long enough for it very soon."

Then, as the three maids of honor and the page began to jeer
impertinently, "just try to be respectful," she said. "Count a little.
There are six of us forming the vanguard. In the chariot there are nine,
and six and nine make fifteen. Add to them the five of the rear-guard,
and we have twenty. Wherever else is such a family seen? Why, the rabbits
who watch us pass are mute with stupor and humiliation."

Then came another laugh, and once more they all took up the song of
Cinderella on her way to the palace of Prince Charming.

It was at the bridge over the Yeuse that the first drops of rain, big
drops they were, began to fall. The big livid cloud, urged on by a
terrible wind, was galloping across the sky, filling it with the clamor
of a tempest. And almost immediately afterwards the rain-drops increased
in volume and in number, lashed by so violent a squall that the water
poured down as if by the bucketful, or as if some huge sluice-gate had
suddenly burst asunder overhead. One could no longer see twenty yards
before one. In two minutes the road was running with water like the bed
of a torrent.

Then there was a _sauve-qui-peut_ among the procession. It was learnt
later on that the people of the rear-guard had luckily been surprised
near a peasant's cottage, in which they had quietly sought refuge. Then
the folks in the wagon simply drew their curtains, and halted beneath the
shelter of a wayside tree for fear lest the horses should take fright
under such a downpour. They called to the bicyclists ahead of them to
stop also, instead of obstinately remaining in such a deluge. But their
words were lost amid the rush of water. However, the little girls and the
page took a proper course in crouching beside a thick hedge, though the
betrothed couple wildly continued on their way.

Frederic, the more reasonable of the two, certainly had sense enough to
say: "This isn't prudent on our part. Let us stop like the others, I beg

But from Rose, all excitement, transported by her blissful fever, and
insensible, so it seemed, to the pelting of the rain, he only drew this
answer: "Pooh! what does it matter, now that we are soaking? It is by
stopping that we might do ourselves harm. Let us make haste, all haste.
In three minutes we shall be at home and able to make fine sport of those
laggards when they arrive in another quarter of an hour."

They had just crossed the Yeuse bridge, and they swept on side by side,
although the road was far from easy, being a continual ascent for a
thousand yards or so between rows of lofty poplars.

"I assure you that we are doing wrong," the young man repeated. "They
will blame me, and they will be right."

"Oh! well," cried she, "I'm amusing myself. This bicycle bath is quite
funny. Leave me, then, if you don't love me enough to follow me."

He followed her, however, pressed close beside her, and sought to shelter
her a little from the slanting rain. And it was a wild, mad race on the
part of that young couple, almost linked together, their elbows touching
as they sped on and on, as if lifted from the ground, carried off by all
that rushing, howling water which poured down so ragefully. It was as
though a thunder-blast bore them along. But at the very moment when they
sprang from their bicycles in the yard of the farm the rain ceased, and
the sky became blue once more.

Rose was laughing like a lunatic, and looked very flushed, but she was
soaked to such a point that water streamed from her clothes, her hair,
her hands. You might have taken her for some fairy of the springs who had
overturned her urn on herself.

"Well, the fete is complete," she exclaimed breathlessly. "All the same,
we are the first home."

She then darted upstairs to comb her hair and change her gown. But to
gain just a few minutes, eager as she was to cook the crawfish, she did
not take the trouble to put on dry linen. She wished the pot to be on the
fire with the water, the white wine, the carrots and spices, before the
family arrived. And she came and went, attending to the fire and filling
the whole kitchen with her gay activity, like a good housewife who was
glad to display her accomplishments, while her betrothed, who had also
come downstairs again after changing his clothes, watched her with a kind
of religious admiration.

At last, when the whole family had arrived, the folks of the brake and
the pedestrians also, there came a rather sharp explanation. Mathieu and
Marianne were angry, so greatly had they been alarmed by that rush
through the storm.

"There was no sense in it, my girl," Marianne repeated. "Did you at least
change your linen?"

"Why yes, why yes!" replied Rose. "Where are the crawfish?"

Mathieu meantime was lecturing Frederic. "You might have broken your
necks," said he; "and, besides, it is by no means good to get soaked with
cold water when one is hot. You ought to have stopped her."

"Well, she insisted on going on, and whenever she insists on anything,
you know, I haven't the strength to prevent her."

At last Rose, in her pretty way, put an end to the reproaches. "Come,
that's enough scolding; I did wrong, no doubt. But won't anybody
compliment me on my _court-bouillon_? Have you ever known crawfish to
smell as nice as that?"

The lunch was wonderfully gay. As they were twenty, and wished to have a
real rehearsal of the wedding feast, the table had been set in a large
gallery adjoining the ordinary dining-room. This gallery was still bare,
but throughout the meal they talked incessantly of how they would
embellish it with shrubs, garlands of foliage, and clumps of flowers.
During the dessert they even sent for a ladder with the view of
indicating on the walls the main lines of the decorations.

For a moment or so Rose, previously so talkative, had lapsed into
silence. She had eaten heartily, but all the color had left her face,
which had assumed a waxy pallor under her heavy hair, which was still
damp. And when she wished to ascend the ladder herself to indicate how
some ornament should be placed, her legs suddenly failed her, she
staggered, and then fainted away.

Everybody was in consternation, but she was promptly placed in a chair,
where for a few minutes longer she remained unconscious. Then, on coming
to her senses, she remained for a moment silent, oppressed as by a
feeling of pain, and apparently failing to understand what had taken
place. Mathieu and Marianne, terribly upset, pressed her with questions,
anxious as they were to know if she felt better. She had evidently caught
cold, and this was the fine result of her foolish ride.

By degrees the girl recovered her composure, and again smiled. She then
explained that she now felt no pain, but that it had suddenly seemed to
her as if a heavy paving-stone were lying on her chest; then this weight
had melted away, leaving her better able to breathe. And, indeed, she was
soon on her feet once more, and finished giving her views respecting the
decoration of the gallery, in such wise that the others ended by feeling
reassured, and the afternoon passed away joyously in the making of all
sorts of splendid plans. Little was eaten at dinner, for they had done
too much honor to the crawfish at noon. And at nine o'clock, as soon as
Celeste arrived for Andree, the gathering broke up. Ambroise was
returning to Paris that same evening. Blaise and Denis were to take the
seven o'clock train the following morning. And Rose, after accompanying
Madame Desvignes and her daughters to the road, called to them through
the darkness: "Au revoir, come back soon." She was again full of gayety
at the thought of the general rendezvous which the family had arranged
for the approaching weddings.

Neither Mathieu nor Marianne went to bed at once, however. Though they
did not even speak of it together, they thought that Rose looked very
strange, as if, indeed, she were intoxicated. She had again staggered on
returning to the house, and though she only complained of some slight
oppression, they prevailed on her to go to bed. After she had retired to
her room, which adjoined their own, Marianne went several times to see if
she were well wrapped up and were sleeping peacefully, while Mathieu
remained anxiously thoughtful beside the lamp. At last the girl fell
asleep, and the parents, leaving the door of communication open, then
exchanged a few words in an undertone, in their desire to tranquillize
each other. It would surely be nothing; a good night's rest would suffice
to restore Rose to her wonted health. Then in their turn they went to
bed, the whole farm lapsed into silence, surrendering itself to slumber
until the first cockcrow. But all at once, about four o'clock, shortly
before daybreak, a stifled call, "Mamma! mamma!" awoke both Mathieu and
Marianne, and they sprang out of bed, barefooted, shivering, and groping
for the candle. Rose was again stifling, struggling against another
attack of extreme violence. For the second time, however, she soon
regained consciousness and appeared relieved, and thus the parents, great
as was their distress, preferred to summon nobody but to wait till
daylight. Their alarm was caused particularly by the great change they
noticed in their daughter's appearance; her face was swollen and
distorted, as if some evil power had transformed her in the night. But
she fell asleep again, in a state of great prostration; and they no
longer stirred for fear of disturbing her slumber. They remained there
watching and waiting, listening to the revival of life in the farm around
them as the daylight gradually increased. Time went by; five and then six
o'clock struck. And at about twenty minutes to seven Mathieu, on looking
into the yard, and there catching sight of Denis, who was to return to
Paris by the seven o'clock train, hastened down to tell him to call upon
Boutan and beg the doctor to come at once. Then, as soon as his son had
started, he rejoined Marianne upstairs, still unwilling to call or warn
anybody. But a third attack followed, and this time it was the

Rose had half risen in bed, her arms thrown out, her mouth distended as
she gasped "Mamma! mamma!"

Then in a sudden fit of revolt, a last flash of life, she sprang from her
bed and stepped towards the window, whose panes were all aglow with the
rising sun. And for a moment she leant there, her legs bare, her
shoulders bare, and her heavy hair falling over her like a royal mantle.
Never had she looked more beautiful, more dazzling, full of strength and

But she murmured: "Oh! how I suffer! It is all over, I am going to die."

Her father darted towards her; her mother sustained her, throwing her
arms around her like invincible armor which would shield her from all

"Don't talk like that, you unhappy girl! It is nothing; it is only
another attack which will pass away. Get into bed again, for mercy's
sake. Your old friend Boutan is on his way here. You will be up and well
again to-morrow."

"No, no, I am going to die; it is all over."

She fell back in their arms; they only had time to lay her on her bed.
And the thunderbolt fell: without a word, without a glance, in a few
minutes she died of congestion of the lungs.

Ah! the imbecile thunderbolt! Ah! the scythe, which with a single stroke
blindly cuts down a whole springtide! It was all so brutally sudden, so
utterly unexpected, that at first the stupefaction of Marianne and
Mathieu was greater than their despair. In response to their cries the
whole farm hastened up, the fearful news filled the place, and then all
sank into the deep silence of death--all work, all life ceasing. And the
other children were there, scared and overcome: little Nicolas, who did
not yet understand things; Gregoire, the page of the previous day;
Louise, Madeleine, and Marguerite, the three maids of honor, and their
elders, Claire and Gervais, who felt the blow more deeply. And there were
yet the others journeying away, Blaise, Denis, and Ambroise, travelling
to Paris at that very moment, in ignorance of the unforeseen, frightful
hatchet-stroke which had fallen on the family. Where would the terrible
tidings reach them? In what cruel distress would they return! And the
doctor who would soon arrive too! But all at once, amid the terror and
confusion, there rang out the cries of Frederic, the poor dead girl's
affianced lover. He shrieked his despair aloud, he was half mad, he
wished to kill himself, saying that he was the murderer and that he ought
to have prevented Rose from so rashly riding home through the storm! He
had to be led away and watched for fear of some fresh misfortune. His
sudden frenzy had gone to every heart; sobs burst forth and lamentations
arose from the woful parents, from the brothers, the sisters, from the
whole of stricken Chantebled, which death thus visited for the first

Ah, God! Rose on that bed of mourning, white, cold, and dead! She, the
fairest, the gayest, the most loved! She, before whom all the others were
ever in admiration--she of whom they were so proud, so fond! And to think
that this blow should fall in the midst of hope, bright hope in long life
and sterling happiness, but ten days before her wedding, and on the
morrow of that day of wild gayety, all jests and laughter! They could
again see her, full of life and so adorable with her happy youthful
fancies--that princely reception and that royal procession. It had seemed
as if those two coming weddings, celebrated the same day, would be like
the supreme florescence of the family's long happiness and prosperity.
Doubtless they had often experienced trouble and had even wept at times,
but they had drawn closer together and consoled one another on such
occasions; none had ever been cut off from the good-night embraces which
healed every sore. And now the best was gone, death had come to say that
absolute joy existed for none, that the most valiant, the happiest; never
reaped the fulness of their hopes. There was no life without death. And
they paid their share of the debt of human wretchedness, paid it the more
dearly since they had made for themselves a larger sum of life. When
everything germinates and grows around one, when one has determined on
unreserved fruitfulness; on continuous creation and increase, how awful
is the recall to the ever-present dim abyss in which the world is
fashioned, on the day when misfortune falls, digs its first pit, and
carries off a loved one! It is like a sudden snapping, a rending of the
hopes which seemed to be endless, and a feeling of stupefaction comes at
the discovery that one cannot live and love forever!

Ah! how terrible were the two days that followed: the farm itself
lifeless, without sound save that of the breathing of the cattle, the
whole family gathered together, overcome by the cruel spell of waiting,
ever in tears while the poor corpse remained there under a harvest of
flowers. And there was this cruel aggravation, that on the eve of the
funeral, when the body had been laid in the coffin, it was brought down
into that gallery where they had lunched so merrily while discussing how
magnificently they might decorate it for the two weddings. It was there
that the last funeral watch, the last wake, took place, and there were no
evergreen shrubs, no garlands of foliage, merely four tapers which burnt
there amid a wealth of white roses gathered in the morning, but already
fading. Neither the mother nor the father was willing to go to bed that
night. They remained, side by side, near the child whom mother-earth was
taking back from them. They could see her quite little again, but sixteen
months old, at the time of their first sojourn at Chantebled in the old
tumbledown shooting-box, when she had just been weaned and they were wont
to go and cover her up at nighttime. They saw her also, later on, in
Paris, hastening to them in the morning, climbing up and pulling their
bed to pieces with triumphant laughter. And they saw her yet more
clearly, growing and becoming more beautiful even as Chantebled did, as
if, indeed, she herself bloomed with all the health and beauty of that
now fruitful land. Yet she was no more, and whenever the thought returned
to them that they would never see her again, their hands sought one
another, met in a woful clasp, while from their crushed and mingling
hearts it seemed as if all life, all future, were flowing away to
nihility. Now that a breach had been made, would not every other
happiness be carried off in turn? And though the ten other children were
there, from the little one five years old to the twins who were
four-and-twenty, all clad in black, all gathered in tears around their
sleeping sister, like a sorrow-stricken battalion rendering funeral
honors, neither the father nor the mother saw or counted them: their
hearts were rent by the loss of the daughter who had departed, carrying
away with her some of their own flesh. And in that long bare gallery
which the four candles scarcely lighted, the dawn at last arose upon that
death watch, that last leave-taking.

Then grief again came with the funeral procession, which spread out along
the white road between the lofty poplars and the green corn, that road
over which Rose had galloped so madly through the storm. All the
relations of the Froments, all their friends, all the district, had come
to pay a tribute of emotion at so sudden and swift a death. Thus, this
time, the cortege did stretch far away behind the hearse, draped with
white and blooming with white roses in the bright sunshine. The whole
family was present; the mother and the sisters had declared that they
would only quit their loved one when she had been lowered into her last
resting-place. And after the family came the friends, the Beauchenes, the
Seguins, and others. But Mathieu and Marianne, worn out, overcome by
suffering, no longer recognized people amid their tears. They only
remembered on the morrow that they must have seen Morange, if indeed it
were really Morange--that silent, unobtrusive, almost shadowy gentleman,
who had wept while pressing their hands. And in like fashion Mathieu
fancied that, in some horrible dream, he had seen Constance's spare
figure and bony profile drawing near to him in the cemetery after the
coffin had been lowered into the grave, and addressing vague words of
consolation to him, though he fancied that her eyes flashed the while as
if with abominable exultation.

What was it that she had said? He no longer knew. Of course her words
must have been appropriate, even as her demeanor was that of a mourning
relative. But a memory returned to him, that of other words which she had
spoken when promising to attend the two weddings. She had then in bitter
fashion expressed a wish that the good fortune of Chantebled might
continue. But they, the Froments, so fruitful and so prosperous, were now
stricken in their turn, and their good fortune had perhaps departed
forever! Mathieu shuddered; his faith in the future was shaken; he was
haunted by a fear of seeing prosperity and fruitfulness vanish, now that
there was that open breach.


A YEAR later the first child born to Ambroise and Andree, a boy, little
Leonce, was christened. The young people had been married very quietly
six weeks after the death of Rose. And that christening was to be the
first outing for Mathieu and Marianne, who had not yet fully recovered
from the terrible shock of their eldest daughter's death. Moreover, it
was arranged that after the ceremony there should simply be a lunch at
the parents' home, and that one and all should afterwards be free to
return to his or her avocations. It was impossible for the whole family
to come, and, indeed, apart from the grandfather and grandmother, only
the twins, Denis and Blaise, and the latter's wife Charlotte, were
expected, together with the godparents. Beauchene, the godfather, had
selected Madame Seguin as his _commere_, for, since the death of Maurice,
Constance shuddered at the bare thought of touching a child. At the same
time she had promised to be present at the lunch, and thus there would be
ten of them, sufficient to fill the little dining-room of the modest flat
in the Rue de La Boetie, where the young couple resided pending fortune's

It was a very pleasant morning. Although Mathieu and Marianne had been
unwilling to set aside their black garments even for this rejoicing, they
ended by evincing some gentle gayety before the cradle of that little
grandson, whose advent brought them a renewal of hope. Early in the
winter a fresh bereavement had fallen on the family; Blaise had lost his
little Christophe, then two and a half years old, through an attack of
croup. Charlotte, however, was already at that time again _enceinte_, and
thus the grief of the first days had turned to expectancy fraught with

The little flat in the Rue de La Boetie seemed very bright and fragrant;
it was perfumed by the fair grace of Andree and illumined by the
victorious charm of Ambroise, that handsome loving couple who, arm in
arm, had set out so bravely to conquer the world. During the lunch, too,
there was the formidable appetite and jovial laughter of Beauchene, who
gave the greatest attention to his _commere_ Valentine, jesting and
paying her the most extravagant court, which afforded her much amusement,
prone as she still was to play a girlish part, though she was already
forty-five and a grandmother like Marianne. Constance alone remained
grave, scarce condescending to bend her thin lips into a faint smile,
while a shadow of deep pain passed over her withered face every time that
she glanced round that gay table, whence new strength, based on the
invincible future, arose in spite of all the recent mourning.

At about three o'clock Blaise rose from the table, refusing to allow
Beauchene to take any more Chartreuse.

"It's true, he is right, my children," Beauchene ended by exclaiming in a
docile way. "We are very comfortable here, but it is absolutely necessary
that we should return to the works. And we must deprive you of Denis, for
we need his help over a big building affair. That's how we are, we
others, we don't shirk duty."

Constance had also risen. "The carriage must be waiting," said she; "will
you take it?"

"No, no, we will go on foot. A walk will clear our heads."

The sky was overcast, and as it grew darker and darker Ambroise, going to
the window, exclaimed: "You will get wet."

"Oh! the rain has been threatening ever since this morning, but we shall
have time to get to the works."

It was then understood that Constance should take Charlotte with her in
the brougham and set her down at the door of the little pavilion
adjoining the factory. As for Valentine, she was in no hurry and could
quietly return to the Avenue d'Antin, which was close by, as soon as the
sky might clear. And with regard to Marianne and Mathieu, they had just
yielded to Andree's affectionate entreaties, and had arranged to spend
the whole day and dine there, returning to Chantebled by the last train.
Thus the fete would be complete, and the young couple were enraptured at
the prospect.

The departure of the others was enlivened by a curious incident, a
mistake which Constance made, and which seemed very comical amid all the
mirth promoted by the copious lunch. She had turned towards Denis, and,
looking at him with her pale eyes, she quietly asked him "Blaise, my
friend, will you give me my boa? I must have left it in the ante-room."

Everybody began to laugh, but she failed to understand the reason. And it
was in the same tranquil way as before that she thanked Denis when he
brought her the boa: "I am obliged to you, Blaise; you are very amiable."

Thereupon came an explosion; the others almost choked with laughter, so
droll did her quiet assurance seem to them. What was the matter, then?
Why did they all laugh at her in that fashion? She ended by suspecting
that she had made a mistake, and looked more attentively at the twins.

"Ah, yes, it isn't Blaise, but Denis! But it can't be helped. I am always
mistaking them since they have worn their beards trimmed in the same

Thereupon Marianne, in her obliging way, in order to take any sting away
from the laughter, repeated the well-known family story of how she
herself, when the twins were children and slept together, had been wont
to awake them in order to identify them by the different color of their
eyes. The others, Beauchene and Valentine, then intervened and recalled
circumstances under which they also had mistaken the twins one for the
other, so perfect was their resemblance on certain occasions, in certain
lights. And it was amid all this gay animation that the company separated
after exchanging all sorts of embraces and handshakes.

Once in the brougham, Constance spoke but seldom to Charlotte, taking as
a pretext a violent headache which the prolonged lunch had increased.
With a weary air and her eyes half closed she began to reflect. After
Rose's death, and when little Christophe likewise had been carried off, a
revival of hope had come to her, for all at once she had felt quite young
again. But when she consulted Boutan on the matter he dealt her a final
blow by informing her that her hopes were quite illusive. Thus, for two
months now, her rage and despair had been increasing. That very morning
at that christening, and now in that carriage beside that young woman who
was again expecting to become a mother, it was this which poisoned her
mind, filled her with jealousy and spite, and rendered her capable of any
evil deed. The loss of her son, the childlessness to which she was
condemned, all threw her into a state of morbid perversity, fraught with
dreams of some monstrous vengeance which she dared not even confess to
herself. She accused the whole world of being in league to crush her. Her
husband was the most cowardly and idiotic of traitors, for he betrayed
her by letting some fresh part of the works pass day by day into the
hands of that fellow Blaise, whose wife no sooner lost a child than she
had another. She, Constance, was enraged also at seeing her husband so
gay and happy, since she had left him to his own base courses. He still
retained his air of victorious superiority, declaring that he had
remained unchanged, and there was truth in this; for though, instead of
being an active master as formerly, he now too often showed himself a
senile prowler, on the high road to paralysis, he yet continued to be a
practical egotist, one who drew from life the greatest sum of enjoyment
possible. He was following his destined road, and if he took to Blaise it
was simply because he was delighted to have found an intelligent,
hard-working young man who spared him all the cares and worries that were
too heavy for his weary shoulders, while still earning for him the money
which he needed for his pleasures. Constance knew that something in the
way of a partnership arrangement was about to be concluded. Indeed, her
husband must have already received a large sum to enable him to make good
certain losses and expenses which he had hidden from her. And closing her
eyes as the brougham rolled along, she poisoned her mind by ruminating
all these things, scarce able to refrain from venting her fury by
throwing herself upon that young woman Charlotte, well-loved and fruitful
spouse, who sat beside her.

Then the thought of Denis occurred to her. Why was he being taken to the
works? Did he also mean to rob her? Yet she knew that he had refused to
join his brother, as in his opinion there was not room for two at the
establishment of the Boulevard de Grenelle. Indeed, Denis's ambition was
to direct some huge works by himself; he possessed an extensive knowledge
of mechanics, and this it was that rendered him a valuable adviser
whenever a new model of some important agricultural machine had to be
prepared at the Beauchene factory. Constance promptly dismissed him from
her thoughts; in her estimation there was no reason to fear him; he was a
mere passer-by, who on the morrow, perhaps, would establish himself at
the other end of France. Then once more the thought of Blaise came back
to her, imperative, all-absorbing; and it suddenly occurred to her that
if she made haste home she would be able to see Morange alone in his
office and ascertain many things from him before the others arrived. It
was evident that the accountant must know something of the partnership
scheme, even if it were as yet only in a preliminary stage. Thereupon she
became impassioned, eager to arrive, certain as she felt of obtaining
confidential information from Morange, whom she deemed to be devoted to

As the carriage rolled over the Jena bridge she opened her eyes and
looked out. "_Mon Dieu_!" said she, "what a time this brougham takes! If
the rain would only fall it would, perhaps, relieve my head a little."

She was thinking, however, that a sharp shower would give her more time,
as it would compel the three men, Beauchene, Denis, and Blaise, to seek
shelter in some doorway. And when the carriage reached the works she
hastily stopped the coachman, without even conducting her companion to
the little pavilion.

"You will excuse me, won't you, my dear?" said she; "you only have to
turn the street corner."

When they had both alighted, Charlotte, smiling and affectionate, took
hold of Constance's hand and retained it for a few moments in her own.

"Of course," she replied, "and many thanks. You are too kind. When you
see my husband, pray tell him that you left me safe, for he grows anxious
at the slightest thing."

Thereupon Constance in her turn had to smile and promise with many
professions of friendship that she would duly execute the commission.
Then they parted. "Au revoir, till to-morrow "--"Yes, yes, till
to-morrow, au revoir."

Eighteen years had now already elapsed since Morange had lost his wife
Valerie; and nine had gone by since the death of his daughter Reine. Yet
it always seemed as if he were on the morrow of those disasters, for he
had retained his black garb, and still led a cloister-like, retired life,
giving utterance only to such words as were indispensable. On the other
hand, he had again become a good model clerk, a correct painstaking
accountant, very punctual in his habits, and rooted as it were to the
office chair in which he had taken his seat every morning for thirty
years past. The truth was that his wife and his daughter had carried off
with them all his will-power, all his ambitious thoughts, all that he had
momentarily dreamt of winning for their sakes--a large fortune and a
luxurious triumphant life. He, who was now so much alone, who had
relapsed into childish timidity and weakness, sought nothing beyond his
humble daily task, and was content to die in the shady corner to which he
was accustomed. It was suspected, however, that he led a mysterious
maniacal life, tinged with anxious jealousy, at home, in that flat of the
Boulevard de Grenelle which he had so obstinately refused to quit. His
servant had orders to admit nobody, and she herself knew nothing. If he
gave her free admittance to the dining- and drawing-rooms, he did not
allow her to set foot in his own bedroom, formerly shared by Valerie, nor
in that which Reine had occupied. He himself alone entered these
chambers, which he regarded as sanctuaries, of which he was the sole
priest. Under pretence of sweeping or dusting, he would shut himself up
in one or the other of them for hours at a time. It was in vain that the
servant tried to glance inside, in vain that she listened at the doors
when he spent his holidays at home; she saw nothing and heard nothing.
Nobody could have told what relics those chapels contained, nor with what
religious cult he honored them. Another cause of surprise was his
niggardly, avaricious life, which, as time went on, had become more and
more pronounced, in such wise that his only expenses were his rental of
sixteen hundred francs, the wages he paid to his servant, and the few
pence per day which she with difficulty extracted from him to defray the
cost of food and housekeeping. His salary had now risen to eight thousand
francs a year, and he certainly did not spend half of it. What became,
then, of his big savings, the money which he refused to devote to
enjoyment? In what secret hole, and for what purpose, what secret
passion, did he conceal it? Nobody could tell. But amid it all he
remained very gentle, and, unlike most misers, continued very cleanly in
his habits, keeping his beard, which was now white as snow, very
carefully tended. And he came to his office every morning with a little
smile on his face, in such wise that nothing in this man of regular
methodical life revealed the collapse within him, all the ashes and
smoldering fire which disaster had left in his heart.

By degrees a link of some intimacy had been formed between Constance and
Morange. When, after his daughter's death, she had seen him return to the
works quite a wreck, she had been stirred by deep pity, with which some
covert personal anxiety confusedly mingled. Maurice was destined to live
five years longer, but she was already haunted by apprehensions, and
could never meet Morange without experiencing a chilling shudder, for he,
as she repeated to herself, had lost his only child. "Ah, God! so such a
catastrophe was possible." Then, on being stricken herself, on
experiencing the horrible distress, on smarting from the sudden, gaping,
incurable wound of her bereavement, she had drawn nearer to that brother
in misfortune, treating him with a kindness which she showed to none
other. At times she would invite him to spend an evening with her, and
the pair of them would chat together, or more often remain silent, face
to face, sharing each other's woe. Later on she had profited by this
intimacy to obtain information from Morange respecting affairs at the
factory, of which her husband avoided speaking. It was more particularly
since she had suspected the latter of bad management, blunders and debts,
that she endeavored to turn the accountant into a confidant, even a spy,
who might aid her to secure as much control of the business as possible.
And this was why she was so anxious to return to the factory that day,
and profit by the opportunity to see Morange privately, persuaded as she
was that she would induce him to speak out in the absence of his

She scarcely tarried to take off her gloves and her bonnet. She found the
accountant in his little office, seated in his wonted place, and leaning
over the everlasting ledger which was open before him.

"Why, is the christening finished?" he exclaimed in astonishment.

Forthwith she explained her presence in such a way as to enable her to
speak of what she had at heart. "Why, yes. That is to say, I came away
because I had such a dreadful headache. The others have remained yonder.
And as we are alone here together it occurred to me that it might do me
good to have a chat with you. You know how highly I esteem you. Ah! I am
not happy, not happy at all."

She had sunk upon a chair overcome by the tears which she had been
restraining so long in the presence of the happiness of others. Quite
upset at seeing her in this condition, having little strength himself,
Morange wished to summon her maid. He almost feared that she might have a
fainting fit. But she prevented him.

"I have only you left me, my friend," said she. "Everybody else forsakes
me, everybody is against me. I can feel it; I am being ruined; folks are
bent on annihilating me, as if I had not already lost everything when I
lost my child. And since you alone remain to me, you who know my
torments, you who have no daughter left you, pray for heaven's sake help
me and tell me the truth! In that wise I shall at least be able to defend

On hearing her speak of his daughter Morange also had begun to weep. And
now, therefore, she might question him, it was certain that he would
answer and tell her everything, overpowered as he was by the common grief
which she had evoked. Thus he informed her that an agreement was indeed
on the point of being signed by Blaise and Beauchene, only it was not
precisely a deed of partnership. Beauchene having drawn large sums from
the strong-box of the establishment for expenses which he could not
confess--a horrible story of blackmailing, so it was rumored--had been
obliged to make a confidant of Blaise, the trusty and active lieutenant
who managed the establishment. And he had even asked him to find somebody
willing to lend him some money. Thereupon the young man had offered it
himself; but doubtless it was his father, Mathieu Froment, who advanced
the cash, well pleased to invest it in the works in his son's name. And
now, with the view of putting everything in order, it had been resolved
that the property should be divided into six parts, and that one of these
parts or shares should be attributed to Blaise as reimbursement for the
loan. Thus the young fellow would possess an interest of one sixth in the
establishment, unless indeed Beauchene should buy him out again within a
stipulated period. The danger was that, instead of freeing himself in
this fashion, Beauchene might yield to the temptation of selling the
other parts one by one, now that he was gliding down a path of folly and

Constance listened to Morange, quivering and quite pale. "Is this
signed?" she asked.

"No, not yet. But the papers are ready and will be signed shortly.
Moreover, it is a reasonable and necessary solution of the difficulty."

She was evidently of another opinion. A feeling of revolt possessed her,
and she strove to think of some decisive means of preventing the ruin and
shame which in her opinion threatened her. "My God, what am I to do? How
can I act?" she gasped; and then, in her rage at finding no device, at
being powerless, this cry escaped her: "Ah! that scoundrel Blaise!"

Worthy Morange was quite moved by it. Still he had not fully understood.
And so, in his quiet way, he endeavored to calm Constance, explaining
that Blaise had a very good heart, and that in the circumstances in
question he had behaved in the best way possible, doing all that he could
to stifle scandal, and even displaying great disinterestedness. And as
Constance had risen, satisfied with knowing the truth, and anxious that
the three men might not find her there on their arrival, the accountant
likewise quitted his chair, and accompanied her along the gallery which
she had to follow in order to return to her house.

"I give you my word of honor, madame," said Morange, "that the young man
has made no base calculations in the matter. All the papers pass through
my hands, and nobody could know more than I know myself. Besides, if I
had entertained the slightest doubt of any machination, I should have
endeavored to requite your kindness by warning you."

She no longer listened to him, however; in fact, she was anxious to get
rid of him, for all at once the long-threatening rain had begun to fall
violently, lashing the glass roof. So dark a mass of clouds had
overspread the sky that it was almost night in the gallery, though four
o'clock had scarcely struck. And it occurred to Constance that in
presence of such a deluge the three men would certainly take a cab. So
she hastened her steps, still followed, however, by the accountant.

"For instance," he continued, "when it was a question of drawing up the

But he suddenly paused, gave vent to a hoarse exclamation, and stopped
her, pulling her back as if in terror.

"Take care!" he gasped.

There was a great cavity before them. Here, at the end of the gallery,
before reaching the corridor which communicated with the private house,
there was a steam lift of great power, which was principally used for
lowering heavy articles to the packing room. It only worked as a rule on
certain days; on all others the huge trap remained closed. When the
appliance was working a watchman was always stationed there to
superintend the operations.

"Take care! take care!" Morange repeated, shuddering with terror.

The trap was open, and the huge cavity gaped before them; there was no
barrier, nothing to warn them and prevent them from making a fearful
plunge. The rain still pelted on the glass roof, and the darkness had
become so complete in the gallery that they had walked on without seeing
anything before them. Another step would have hurled them to destruction.
It was little short of miraculous that the accountant should have become
anxious in presence of the increasing gloom in that corner, where he had
divined rather than perceived the abyss.

Constance, however, still failing to understand her companion, sought to
free herself from his wild grasp.

"But look!" he cried.

And he bent forward and compelled her also to stoop over the cavity. It
descended through three floors to the very lowest basement, like a well
of darkness. A damp odor arose: one could scarce distinguish the vague
outlines of thick ironwork; alone, right at the bottom, burnt a lantern,
a distant speck of light, as if the better to indicate the depth and
horror of the gulf. Morange and Constance drew back again blanching.

And now Morange burst into a temper. "It is idiotic!" he exclaimed. "Why
don't they obey the regulations! As a rule there is a man here, a man
expressly told off for this duty, who ought not to stir from his post so
long as the trap has not come up again. Where is he? What on earth can
the rascal be up to?"

The accountant again approached the hole, and shouted down it in a fury:

No reply came: the pit remained bottomless, black and void.

"Bonnard! Bonnard!"

And still nothing was heard, not a sound; the damp breath of the darkness
alone ascended as from the deep silence of the tomb.

Thereupon Morange resorted to action. "I must go down; I must find
Bonnard. Can you picture us falling through that hole to the very bottom?
No, no, this cannot be allowed. Either he must close this trap or return
to his post. What can he be doing? Where can he be?"

Morange had already betaken himself to a little winding staircase, by
which one reached every floor beside the lift, when in a voice which
gradually grew more indistinct, he again called: "I beg you, madame, pray
wait for me; remain there to warn anybody who might pass."

Constance was alone. The dull rattle of the rain on the glass above her
continued, but a little livid light was appearing as a gust of wind
carried off the clouds. And in that pale light Blaise suddenly appeared
at the end of the gallery. He had just returned to the factory with Denis
and Beauchene, and had left his companions together for a moment, in
order to go to the workshops to procure some information they required.
Preoccupied, absorbed once more in his work, he came along with an easy
step, his head somewhat bent. And when Constance saw him thus appear, all
that she felt in her heart was the smart of rancor, a renewal of her
anger at what she had learnt of that agreement which was to be signed on
the morrow and which would despoil her. That enemy who was in her home
and worked against her, a revolt of her whole being urged her to
exterminate him, and thrust him out like some usurper, all craft and

He drew nearer. She was in the dense shadow near the wall, so that he
could not see her. But on her side, as he softly approached steeped in a
grayish light, she could see him with singular distinctness. Never before
had she so plainly divined the power of his lofty brow, the intelligence
of his eyes, the firm will of his mouth. And all at once she was struck
with fulgural certainty; he was coming towards the cavity without seeing
it and he would assuredly plunge into the depths unless she should stop
him as he passed. But a little while before, she, like himself, had come
from yonder, and would have fallen unless a friendly hand had restrained
her; and the frightful shudder of that moment yet palpitated in her
veins; she could still and ever see the damp black pit with the little
lantern far below. The whole horror of it flashed before her eyes--the
ground failing one, the sudden drop with a great shriek, and the smash a
moment afterwards.

Blaise drew yet nearer. But certainly such a thing was impossible; she
would prevent it, since a little motion of her hand would suffice. Would
she not always have time to stretch out her arms when he was there before
her? And yet from the recesses of her being a very clear and frigid voice
seemed to ascend, articulating brief words which rang in her ears as if
repeated by a trumpet blast. If he should die it would be all over, the
factory would never belong to him. She who had bitterly lamented that she
could devise no obstacle had merely to let this helpful chance take its
own course. And this, indeed, was what the voice said, what it repeated
with keen insistence, never adding another syllable. After that there
would be nothing. After that there would merely remain the shattered
remnants of a suppressed man, and a pit of darkness splashed with blood,
in which she discerned, foresaw nothing more. What would happen on the
morrow? She did not wish to know; indeed there would be no morrow. It was
solely the brutal immediate fact which the imperious voice demanded. He
dead, it would be all over, he would never possess the works.

He drew nearer still. And within her now there raged a frightful battle.
How long did it last--days? years? Doubtless but a few seconds. She was
still resolved that she would stop him as he passed, certain as she felt
that she would conquer her horrible thoughts when the moment came for the
decisive gesture. And yet those thoughts invaded her, became materialized
within her, like some physical craving, thirst or hunger. She hungered
for that finish, hungered to the point of suffering, seized by one of
those sudden desperate longings which beget crime; such as when a
passer-by is despoiled and throttled at the corner of a street. It seemed
to her that if she could not satisfy her craving she herself must lose
her life. A consuming passion, a mad desire for that man's annihilation
filled her as she saw him approach. She could now see him still more
plainly and the sight of him exasperated her. His forehead, his eyes, his
lips tortured her like some hateful spectacle. Another step, yet one
more, then another, and he would be before her. Yes, yet another step,
and she was already stretching out her hand in readiness to stop him as
soon as he should brush past.

He came along. What was it that happened? O God! When he was there, so
absorbed in his thoughts that he brushed against her without feeling her,
she turned to stone. Her hand became icy cold, she could not lift it, it
hung too heavily from her arm. And amid her scorching fever a great cold
shudder came upon her, immobilizing and stupefying her, while she was
deafened by the clamorous voice rising from the depths of her being. All
demur was swept away; the craving for that death remained intense,
invincible, beneath the imperious stubborn call of the inner voice which
robbed her of the power of will and action. He would be dead and he would
never possess the works. And therefore, standing stiff and breathless
against the wall, she did not stop him. She could hear his light
breathing, she could discern his profile, then the nape of his neck. He
had passed. Another step, another step! And yet if she had raised a call
she might still have changed the course of destiny even at that last
moment. She fancied that she had some such intention, but she was
clenching her teeth tightly enough to break them. And he, Blaise, took
yet a further step, still advancing quietly and confidently over that
friendly ground, without even a glance before him, absorbed as he was in
thoughts of his work. And the ground failed him, and there was a loud,
terrible cry, a sudden gust following the fall, and a dull crash down
below in the depths of the black darkness.

Constance did not stir. For a moment she remained as if petrified, still
listening, still waiting. But only deep silence arose from the abyss. She
could merely hear the rain pelting on the glass roof with renewed rage.
And thereupon she fled, turned into the passage, re-entered her
drawing-room. There she collected and questioned herself. Had she desired
that abominable thing? No, her will had had nought to do with it. Most
certainly it had been paralyzed, prevented from acting. If it had been
possible for the thing to occur, it had occurred quite apart from her,
for assuredly she had been absent. Absent, that word reassured her. Yes,
indeed, that was the case, she had been absent. All her past life spread
out behind her, faultless, pure of any evil action. Never had she sinned,
never until that day had any consciousness of guilt weighed upon her
conscience. An honest and virtuous woman, she had remained upright amidst
all the excesses of her husband. An impassioned mother, she had been
ascending her calvary ever since her son's death. And this recollection
of Maurice alone drew her for a moment from her callousness, choked her
with a rising sob, as if in that direction lay her madness, the vainly
sought explanation of the crime. Vertigo again fell upon her, the thought
of her dead son and of the other being master in his place, all her
perverted passion for that only son of hers, the despoiled prince, all
her poisoned, fermenting rage which had unhinged and maddened her, even
to the point of murder. Had that monstrous vegetation growing within her
reached her brain then? A rush of blood suffices at times to bedim a
conscience. But she obstinately clung to the view that she had been
absent; she forced back her tears and remained frigid. No remorse came to
her. It was done, and 'twas good that it should be done. It was
necessary. She had not pushed him, he himself had fallen. Had she not
been there he would have fallen just the same. And so since she had not
been there, since both her brain and her heart had been absent, it did
not concern her. And ever and ever resounded the words which absolved her
and chanted her victory; he was dead, and would never possess the works.

Erect in the middle of the drawing-room, Constance listened, straining
her ears. Why was it that she heard nothing? How long they were in going
down to pick him up! Anxiously waiting for the tumult which she expected,
the clamor of horror which would assuredly rise from the works, the heavy
footsteps, the loud calls, she held her breath, quivering at the
slightest, faintest sound. Several minutes still elapsed, and the cosey
quietude of her drawing-room pleased her. That room was like an asylum of
bourgeois rectitude, luxurious dignity, in which she felt protected,
saved. Some little objects on which her eyes lighted, a pocket
scent-bottle ornamented with an opal, a paper-knife of burnished silver
left inside a book, fully reassured her. She was moved, almost surprised
at the sight of them, as if they had acquired some new and particular
meaning. Then she shivered slightly and perceived that her hands were icy
cold. She rubbed them together gently, wishing to warm them a little. Why
was it, too, that she now felt so tired? It seemed to her as if she had
just returned from some long walk, from some accident, from some affray
in which she had been bruised. She felt within her also a tendency to
somnolence, the somnolence of satiety, as if she had feasted too
copiously off some spicy dish, after too great a hunger. Amid the fatigue
which benumbed her limbs she desired nothing more; apart from her
sleepiness all that she felt was a kind of astonishment that things
should be as they were. However, she had again begun to listen, repeating
that if that frightful silence continued, she would certainly sink upon a
chair, close her eyes, and sleep. And at last it seemed to her that she
detected a faint sound, scarcely a breath, far away.

What was it? No, there was nothing yet. Perhaps she had dreamt that
horrible scene, perhaps it had all been a nightmare; that man marching
on, that black pit, that loud cry of terror! Since she heard nothing,
perhaps nothing had really happened. Were it true a clamor would have
ascended from below in a growing wave of sound, and a distracted rush up
the staircase and along the passages would have brought her the news.
Then again she detected the faint distant sound, which seemed to draw a
little nearer. It was not the tramping of a crowd; it seemed to be a mere
footfall, perhaps that of some pedestrian on the quay. Yet no; it came
from the works, and now it was quite distinct; it ascended steps and then
sped along a passage. And the steps became quicker, and a panting could
be heard, so tragical that she at last divined that the horror was at
hand. All at once the door was violently flung open. Morange entered. He
was alone, beside himself, with livid face and scarce able to stammer.

"He still breathes, but his head is smashed; it is all over."

"What ails you?" she asked. "What is the matter?"

He looked at her, agape. He had hastened upstairs at a run to ask her for
an explanation, for he had quite lost his poor head over that
unaccountable catastrophe. And the apparent ignorance and tranquillity in
which he found Constance completed his dismay.

"But I left you near the trap," said he.

"Near the trap, yes. You went down, and I immediately came up here."

"But before I went down," he resumed with despairing violence, "I begged
you to wait for me and keep a watch on the hole, so that nobody might
fall through it."

"Oh! dear no. You said nothing to me, or, at all events, I heard nothing,
understood nothing of that kind."

In his terror he peered into her eyes. Assuredly she was lying. Calm as
she might appear, he could detect her voice trembling. Besides, it was
evident she must still have been there, since he had not even had time to
get below before it happened. And all at once he recalled their
conversation, the questions she had asked him and her cry of hatred
against the unfortunate young fellow who had now been picked up, covered
with blood, in the depths of that abyss. Beneath the gust of horror which
chilled him, Morange could only find these words: "Well, madame, poor
Blaise came just behind you and broke his skull."

Her demeanor was perfect; her hands quivered as she raised them, and it
was in a halting voice that she exclaimed: "Good Lord! good Lord, what a
frightful misfortune."

But at that moment an uproar arose through the house. The drawing-room
door had remained open, and the voices and footsteps of a number of
people drew nearer, became each moment more distinct. Orders were being
given on the stairs, men were straining and drawing breath, there were
all the signs of the approach of some cumbrous burden, carried as gently
as possible.

"What! is he being brought up here to me?" exclaimed Constance turning
pale, and her involuntary cry would have sufficed to enlighten the
accountant had he needed it. "He is being brought to me here!"

It was not Morange who answered; he was stupefied by the blow. But
Beauchene abruptly appeared preceding the body, and he likewise was livid
and beside himself, to such a degree did this sudden visit of death
thrill him with fear, in his need of happy life.

"Morange will have told you of the frightful catastrophe, my dear," said
he. "Fortunately Denis was there, for the question of responsibility
towards his family. And it was Denis, too, who, just as we were about to
carry the poor fellow home to the pavilion, opposed it, saying that,
given his wife's condition, we should kill her if we carried him to her
in this dying state. And so the only course was to bring him here, was it

Then he quitted his wife with a gesture of bewilderment, and returned to
the landing, where one could hear him repeating in a quivering voice:
"Gently, gently, take care of the balusters."

The lugubrious train entered the drawing-room. Blaise had been laid on a
stretcher provided with a mattress. Denis, as pale as linen, followed,
supporting the pillow on which rested his brother's head. A little
streamlet of blood coursed over the dying man's brow, his eyes were
closed. And four factory hands held the shafts of the stretcher. Their
heavy shoes crushed down the carpet, and fragile articles of furniture
were thrust aside anyhow to open a passage for this invasion of horror
and of fright.

Amid his bewilderment, an idea occurred to Beauchene, who continued to
direct the operation.

"No, no, don't leave him there. There is a bed in the next room. We will
take him up very gently with the mattress, and lay him with it on the

It was Maurice's room; it was the bed in which Maurice had died, and
which Constance with maternal piety had kept unchanged, consecrating the
room to her son's memory. But what could she say? How could she prevent
Blaise from dying there in his turn, killed by her?

The abomination of it all, the vengeance of destiny which exacted this
sacrilege, filled her with such a feeling of revolt that at the moment
when vertigo was about to seize her and the flooring began to flee from
beneath her feet, she was lashed by it and kept erect. And then she
displayed extraordinary strength, will, and insolent courage. When the
stricken man passed before her, her puny little frame stiffened and grew.
She looked at him, and her yellow face remained motionless, save for a
flutter of her eyelids and an involuntary nervous twinge on the left side
of her mouth, which forced a slight grimace. But that was all, and again
she became perfect both in words and gesture, doing and saying what was
necessary without lavishness, but like one simply thunderstruck by the
suddenness of the catastrophe.

However, the orders had been carried out in the bedroom, and the bearers
withdrew greatly upset. Down below, directly the accident had been
discovered, old Moineaud had been told to take a cab and hasten to Dr.
Boutan's to bring him back with a surgeon, if one could be found on the

"All the same, I prefer to have him here rather than in the basement,"
Beauchene repeated mechanically as he stood before the bed. "He still
breathes. There! see, it is quite apparent. Who knows? Perhaps Boutan may
be able to pull him through, after all."

Denis, however, entertained no illusions. He had taken one of his
brother's cold yielding hands in his own and he could feel that it was
again becoming a mere thing, as if broken, wrenched away from life in
that great fall. For a moment he remained motionless beside the
death-bed, with the mad hope they he might, perhaps, by his clasp infuse
a little of the blood in his own heart into the veins of the dying man.
Was not that blood common to them both? Had not their twin brotherhood
drunk life from the same source? It was the other half of himself that
was about to die. Down below, after raising a loud cry of heartrending
distress, he had said nothing. Now all at once he spoke.

"One must go to Ambroise's to warn my mother and father. Since he still
breathes, perhaps they will arrive soon enough to embrace him."

"Shall I go to fetch them?" Beauchene good-naturedly inquired.

"No, no! thanks. I did at first think of asking that service of you, but
I have reflected. Nobody but myself can break this horrible news to
mamma. And nothing must be done as yet with regard to Charlotte. We will
see about that by and by, when I come back. I only hope that death will
have a little patience, so that I may find my poor brother still alive."

He leant forward and kissed Blaise, who with his eyes closed remained
motionless, still breathing faintly. Then distractedly Denis printed
another kiss upon his hand and hurried off.

Constance meantime was busying herself, calling the maid, and requesting
her to bring some warm water in order that they might wash the sufferer's
blood-stained brow. It was impossible to think of taking off his jacket;
they had to content themselves with doing the little they could to
improve his appearance pending the arrival of the doctor. And during
these preparations, Beauchene, haunted, worried by the accident, again
began to speak of it.

"It is incomprehensible. One can hardly believe such a stupid mischance
to be possible. Down below the transmission gearing gets out of order,
and this prevents the mechanician from sending the trap up again. Then,
up above, Bonnard gets angry, calls, and at last decides to go down in a
fury when he finds that nobody answers him. Then Morange arrives, flies
into a temper, and goes down in his turn, exasperated at receiving no
answer to his calls for Bonnard. Poor Bonnard! he's sobbing; he wanted to
kill himself when he saw the fine result of his absence."

At this point Beauchene abruptly broke off and turned to Constance. "But
what about you?" he asked. "Morange told me that he had left you up above
near the trap."

She was standing in front of her husband, in the full light which came
through the window. And again did her eyelids beat while a little nervous
twinge slightly twisted her mouth on the left side. That was all.

"I? Why I had gone down the passage. I came back here at once, as Morange
knows very well."

A moment previously, Morange, annihilated, his legs failing him, had sunk
upon a chair. Incapable of rendering any help, he sat there silent,
awaiting the end. When he heard Constance lie in that quiet fashion, he
looked at her. The assassin was herself, he no longer doubted it. And at
that moment he felt a craving to proclaim it, to cry it aloud.

"Why, he thought that he had begged you to remain there on the watch,"
Beauchene resumed, addressing his wife.

"At all events his words never reached me," Constance duly answered.
"Should I have moved if he had asked me to do that?" And turning towards
the accountant she, in her turn, had the courage to fix her pale eyes
upon him. "Just remember, Morange, you rushed down like a madman, you
said nothing to me, and I went on my way."

Beneath those pale eyes, keen as steel, which dived into his own, Morange
was seized with abject fear. All his weakness, his cowardice of heart
returned. Could he accuse her of such an atrocious crime? He pictured the
consequences. And then, too, he no longer knew if he were right or not;
his poor maniacal mind was lost.

"It is possible," he stammered, "I may simply have thought I spoke. And
it must be so since it can't be otherwise."

Then he relapsed into silence with a gesture of utter lassitude. The
complicity demanded was accepted. For a moment he thought of rising to
see if Blaise still breathed; but he did not dare. Deep peacefulness fell
upon the room.

Ah! how great was the anguish, the torture in the cab, when Blaise
brought Mathieu and Marianne back with him. He had at first spoken to
them simply of an accident, a rather serious fall. But as the vehicle
rolled along he had lost his self-possession, weeping and confessing the
truth in response to their despairing questions. Thus, when they at last
reached the factory, they doubted no longer, their child was dead. Work
had just been stopped, and they recalled their visit to the place on the
morrow of Maurice's death. They were returning to the same stillness, the
same grave-like silence. All the rumbling life had suddenly ceased, the
machines were cold and mute, the workshops darkened and deserted. Not a
sound remained, not a soul, not a puff of that steam which was like the
very breath of the place. He who had watched over its work was dead, and
it was dead like him. Then their affright increased when they passed from
the factory to the house amid that absolute solitude, the gallery steeped
in slumber, the staircase quivering, all the doors upstairs open, as in
some uninhabited place long since deserted. In the ante-room they found
no servant. And it was indeed in the same tragedy of sudden death that
they again participated, only this time it was their own son whom they
were to find in the same room, on the same bed, frigid, pale, and

Blaise had just expired. Boutan was there at the head of the bed, holding
the inanimate hand in which the final pulsation of blood was dying away.
And when he saw Mathieu and Marianne, who had instinctively crossed the
disorderly drawing-room, rushing into that bedchamber whose odor of
nihility they recognized, he could but murmur in a voice full of sobs:

"My poor friends, embrace him; you will yet have a little of his last

That breath had scarce ceased, and the unhappy mother, the unhappy
father, had already sprung forward, kissing those lips that exhaled the
final quiver of life, and sobbing and crying their distress aloud. Their
Blaise was dead. Like Rose, he had died suddenly, a year later, on a day
of festivity. Their heart wound, scarce closed as yet, opened afresh with
a tragic rending. Amid their long felicity this was the second time that
they were thus terribly recalled to human wretchedness; this was the
second hatchet stroke which fell on the flourishing, healthy, happy
family. And their fright increased. Had they not yet finished paying
their accumulated debt to misfortune? Was slow destruction now arriving
with blow following blow? Already since Rose had quitted them, her bier
strewn with flowers, they had feared to see their prosperity and
fruitfulness checked and interrupted now that there was an open breach.
And to-day, through that bloody breach, their Blaise departed in the most
frightful of fashions, crushed as it were by the jealous anger of
destiny. And now what other of their children would be torn away from
them on the morrow to pay in turn the ransom of their happiness?

Mathieu and Marianne long remained sobbing on their knees beside the bed.
Constance stood a few paces away, silent, with an air of quivering
desolation. Beauchene, as if to combat that fear of death which made him
shiver, had a moment previously seated himself at the little
writing-table formerly used by Maurice, which had been left in the
drawing-room like a souvenir. And he then strove to draw up a notice to
his workpeople, to inform them that the factory would remain closed until
the day after the funeral. He was vainly seeking words when he perceived
Denis coming out of the bedroom, where he had wept all his tears and set
his whole heart in the last kiss which he had bestowed on his departed
brother. Beauchene called him, as if desirous of diverting him from his
gloomy thoughts. "There, sit down here and continue this," said he.

Constance, in her turn entering the drawing-room, heard those words. They
were virtually the same as the words which her husband had pronounced
when making Blaise seat himself at that same table of Maurice's, on the
day when he had given him the place of that poor boy, whose body almost
seemed to be still lying on the bed in the adjoining room. And she
recoiled with fright on seeing Denis seated there and writing. Had not
Blaise resuscitated? Even as she had mistaken the twins one for the other
that very afternoon on rising from the gay baptismal lunch, so now again
she saw Blaise in Denis, the pair of them so similar physically that in
former times their parents had only been able to distinguish them by the
different color of their eyes. And thus it was as if Blaise returned and
resumed his place; Blaise, who would possess the works although she had
killed him. She had made a mistake; dead as he was, he would nevertheless
have the works. She had killed one of those Froments, but behold another
was born. When one died his brother filled up the breach. And her crime
then appeared to her such a useless one, such a stupid one, that she was
aghast at it, the hair on the nape of her neck standing up, while she
burst into a cold sweat of fear, and recoiled as from a spectre.

"It is a notice for the workpeople," Beauchene repeated. "We will have it
posted at the entrance."

She wished to be brave, and, approaching her husband, she said to him:
"Draw it up yourself. Why give Blaise the trouble at such a moment as

She had said "Blaise"; and once more an icy sensation of horror came over
her. Unconsciously she had heard herself saying yonder, in the ante-room:
"Blaise, where did I put my boa?" And it was Denis who had brought it to
her. Of what use had it been for her to kill Blaise, since Denis was
there? When death mows down a soldier of life, another is always ready to
take the vacant post of combat.

But a last defeat awaited her. Mathieu and Marianne reappeared, while
Morange, seized with a need of motion, came and went with an air of
stupefaction, quite losing his wits amid his dreadful sufferings, those
awful things which could but unhinge his narrow mind.

"I am going down," stammered Marianne, trying to wipe away her tears and
to remain erect. "I wish to see Charlotte, and prepare and tell her of
the misfortune. I alone can find the words to say, so that she may not
die of the shock, circumstanced as she is."

But Mathieu, full of anxiety, sought to detain his wife, and spare her
this fresh trial. "No, I beg you," he said; "Denis will go, or I will go

With gentle obstinacy, however, she still went towards the stairs. "I am
the only one who can tell her of it, I assure you--I shall have

But all at once she staggered and fainted. It became necessary to lay her
on a sofa in the drawing-room. And when she recovered consciousness, her
face remained quite white and distorted, and an attack of nausea came
upon her. Then, as Constance, with an air of anxious solicitude, rang for
her maid and sent for her little medicine-chest, Mathieu confessed the
truth, which hitherto had been kept secret; Marianne, like Charlotte, was
_enceinte_. It confused her a little, he said, since she was now
three-and-forty years old; and so they had not mentioned it. "Ah! poor
brave wife!" he added. "She wished to spare our daughter-in-law too great
a shock; I trust that she herself will not be struck down by it."

_Enceinte_, good heavens! As Constance heard this, it seemed as if a
bludgeon were falling on her to make her defeat complete. And so, even if
she should now let Denis, in his turn, kill himself, another Froment was
coming who would replace him. There was ever another and another of that
race--a swarming of strength, an endless fountain of life, against which
it became impossible to battle. Amid her stupefaction at finding the
breach repaired when scarce opened, Constance realized her powerlessness
and nothingness, childless as she was fated to remain. And she felt
vanquished, overcome with awe, swept away as it were herself; thrust
aside by the victorious flow of everlasting Fruitfulness.


FOURTEEN months later there was a festival at Chantebled. Denis, who had
taken Blaise's place at the factory, was married to Marthe Desvignes. And
after all the grievous mourning this was the first smile, the bright warm
sun of springtime, so to say, following severe winter. Mathieu and
Marianne, hitherto grief-stricken and clad in black, displayed a gayety
tinged with soft emotion in presence of the sempiternal renewal of life.
The mother had been willing to don less gloomy a gown, and the father had
agreed to defer no longer a marriage that had long since been resolved
upon, and was necessitated by all sorts of considerations. For more than
two years now Rose had been sleeping in the little cemetery of Janville,
and for more than a year Blaise had joined her there, beneath flowers
which were ever fresh. And the souvenir of the dear dead ones, whom they
all visited, and who had remained alive in all their hearts, was to
participate in the coming festival. It was as if they themselves had
decided with their parents that the hour for the espousals had struck,
and that regret for their loss ought no longer to bar the joy of growth
and increase.

Denis's installation at the Beauchene works in his brother's place had
come about quite naturally. If he had not gone thither on leaving the
science school where he had spent three years, it was simply because the
position was at that time already held by Blaise. All his technical
studies marked him out for the post. In a single day he had fitted
himself for it, and he simply had to take up his quarters in the little
pavilion, Charlotte having fled to Chantebled with her little Berthe
directly after the horrible catastrophe. It should be added that Denis'
entry into the establishment offered a convenient solution with regard to
the large sum of money lent to Beauchene, which, it had been arranged,
should be reimbursed by a sixth share in the factory. That money came
from the family, and one brother simply took the place of the other,
signing the agreement which the deceased would have signed. With a
delicate rectitude, however, Denis insisted that out of his share of the
profits an annuity should be assigned to Charlotte, his brother's widow.

Thus matters were settled in a week, in the manner that circumstances
logically demanded, and without possibility of discussion. Constance,
bewildered and overwhelmed, was not even able to struggle. Her husband
reduced her to silence by repeating: "What would you have me do? I must
have somebody to help me, and it is just as well to take Denis as a
stranger. Besides, if he worries me I will buy him out within a year and
give him his dismissal!"

At this Constance remained silent to avoid casting his ignominy in his
face, amid her despair at feeling the walls of the house crumble and
fall, bit by bit, upon her.

Once installed at the works, Denis considered that the time had come to
carry out the matrimonial plans which he had long since arranged with
Marthe Desvignes. The latter, Charlotte's younger sister and at one time
the inseparable friend of Rose, had been waiting for him for nearly three
years now, with her bright smile and air of affectionate good sense. They
had known one another since childhood, and had exchanged many a vow along
the lonely paths of Janville. But they had said to one another that they
would do nothing prematurely, that for the happiness of a whole lifetime
one might well wait until one was old enough and strong enough to
undertake family duties. Some people were greatly astonished that a young
man whose future was so promising, and whose position at twenty-six years
of age was already a superb one, should thus obstinately espouse a
penniless girl. Mathieu and Marianne smiled, however, and consented,
knowing their son's good reasons. He had no desire to marry a rich girl
who would cost him more than she brought, and he was delighted at having
discovered a pretty, healthy, and very sensible and skilful young woman,
who would be at all times his companion, helpmate, and consoler. He
feared no surprises with her, for he had studied her; she united charm
and good sense with kindliness, all that was requisite for the happiness
of a household. And he himself was very good-natured, prudent, and
sensible, and she knew it and willingly took his arm to tread life's path
with him, certain as she felt that they would thus walk on together until
life's end should be reached, ever advancing with the same tranquil step
under the divine and limpid sun of reason merged in love.

Great preparations were made at Chantebled on the day before the wedding.
Nevertheless, the ceremony was to remain of an intimate character, on
account of the recent mourning. The only guests, apart from members of
the family, were the Seguins and the Beauchenes, and even the latter were
cousins. So there would scarcely be more than a score of them altogether,
and only a lunch was to be given. One matter which gave them some brief
concern was to decide where to set the table, and how to decorate it.
Those early days of July were so bright and warm that they resolved to
place it out of doors under the trees. There was a fitting and delightful
spot in front of the old shooting-box, the primitive pavilion, which had
been their first residence on their arrival in the Janville district.
That pavilion was indeed like the family nest, the hearth whence it had
radiated over the surrounding region. As the pavilion had threatened
ruin, Mathieu had repaired and enlarged it with the idea of retiring
thither with Marianne, and Charlotte and her children, as soon as he
should cede the farm to his son Gervais, that being his intention. He
was, indeed, pleased with the idea of living in retirement like a
patriarch, like a king who had willingly abdicated, but whose wise
counsel was still sought and accepted. In place of the former wild garden
a large lawn now stretched before the pavilion, surrounded by some
beautiful trees, elms and hornbeams. These Mathieu had planted, and he
had watched them grow; thus they seemed to him to be almost part of his
flesh. But his real favorite was an oak tree, nearly twenty years of age
and already sturdy, which stood in the centre of the lawn, where he had
planted it with Marianne, who had held the slender sapling in position
while he plied his spade on the day when they had founded their domain of
Chantebled. And near this oak, which thus belonged to their robust
family, there was a basin of living water, fed by the captured springs of
the plateau--water whose crystalline song made the spot one of continual

It was here then that a council was held on the day before the wedding.
Mathieu and Marianne repaired thither to see what preparations would be
necessary, and they found Charlotte with a sketch-book on her knees,
rapidly finishing an impression of the oak tree.

"What is that--a surprise?" they asked.

She smiled with some confusion. "Yes, yes, a surprise; you will see."

Then she confessed that for a fortnight past she had been designing in
water colors a series of menu cards for the wedding feast. And, prettily
and lovingly enough, her idea had been to depict children's games and
children's heads; indeed, all the members of the family in their childish
days. She had taken their likenesses from old photographs, and her sketch
of the oak tree was to serve as a background for the portraits of the two
youngest scions of the house--little Benjamin and little Guillaume.

Mathieu and Marianne were delighted with that fleet procession of little
faces all white and pink which they perfectly recognized as they saw them
pass before their eyes. There were the twins nestling in their cradle,
locked in one another's arms; there was Rose, the dear lost one, in her
little shift; there were Ambroise and Gervais, bare, and wrestling on a
patch of grass; there were Gregoire and Nicolas birdnesting; there were
Claire and the three other girls, Louise, Madeleine, and Marguerite,
romping about the farm, quarrelling with the fowls, springing upon the
horses' backs. But what particularly touched Marianne was the sketch of
her last-born, little Benjamin, now nine months old, whom Charlotte had
depicted reclining under the oak tree in the same little carriage as her
own son Guillaume, who was virtually of the same age, having been born
but eight days later.

"The uncle and the nephew," said Mathieu jestingly. "All the same, the
uncle is the elder by a week."

As Marianne stood there smiling, soft tears came into her eyes, and the
sketch shook in her happy hands.

"The dears!" said she; "my son and grandson. With those dear little ones
I am once again a mother and a grandmother. Ah, yes! those two are the
supreme consolation; they have helped to heal the wound; it is they who
have brought us back hope and courage."

This was true. How overwhelming had been the mourning and sadness of the
early days when Charlotte, fleeing the factory, had sought refuge at the
farm! The tragedy by which Blaise had been carried off had nearly killed
her. Her first solace was to see that her daughter Berthe, who had been
rather sickly in Paris, regained bright rosy cheeks amid the open air of
Chantebled. Moreover, she had settled her life: she would spend her
remaining years, in that hospitable house, devoting herself to her two
children, and happy in having so affectionate a grandmother and
grandfather to help and sustain her. She had always shown herself to be
somewhat apart from life, possessed of a dreamy nature, only asking to
love and to be loved in return.

So by degrees she settled down once more, installed beside her
grandparents in the old pavilion, which Mathieu fitted up for the three
of them. And wishing to occupy herself, irrespective of her income from
the factory, she even set to work again and painted miniatures, which a
dealer in Paris readily purchased. But her grief was mostly healed by her
little Guillaume, that child bequeathed to her by her dead husband, in
whom he resuscitated. And it was much the same with Marianne since the
birth of Benjamin. A new son had replaced the one she had lost, and
helped to fill the void in her heart. The two women, the two mothers,
found infinite solace in nursing those babes. For them they forgot
themselves; they reared them together, watching them grow side by side;
they gave them the breast at the same hours, and it was their desire to
see them both become very strong, very handsome, and very good. Although
one mother was almost twice as old as the other, they became, as it were,
sisters. The same nourishing milk flowed from both their fruitful bosoms.
And gleams of light penetrated their mourning: they began to laugh when
they saw those little cherubs laugh, and nothing could have been gayer
than the sight of that mother-in-law and that daughter-in-law side by
side, almost mingling, having but one cradle between them, amid an
unceasing florescence of maternity.

"Be careful," Mathieu suddenly said to Charlotte; "hide your drawings,
here are Gervais and Claire coming about the table."

Gervais at nineteen years of age was quite a colossus, the tallest and
the strongest of the family, with short, curly black hair, large bright
eyes, and a full broad-featured face. He had remained his father's
favorite son, the son of the fertile earth, the one in whom Mathieu
fostered a love for the estate, a passion for skilful agriculture, in
order that later on the young man might continue the good work which had
been begun. Mathieu already disburdened himself on Gervais of a part of
his duties, and was only waiting to see him married to give him the
control of the whole farm. And he often thought of adjoining to him
Claire when she found a husband in some worthy, sturdy fellow who would
assume part of the labor. Two men agreeing well would be none too many
for an enterprise which was increasing in importance every day. Since
Marianne had again been nursing, Claire had been attending to her work.
Though she had no beauty, she was of vigorous health and quite strong for
her seventeen years. She busied herself more particularly with cookery
and household affairs, but she also kept the accounts, being
shrewd-witted and very economically inclined, on which account the
prodigals of the family often made fun of her.

"And so it's here that the table is to be set," said Gervais; "I shall
have to see that the lawn is mowed then."

On her side Claire inquired what number of people there would be at table
and how she had better place them. Then, Gervais having called to
Frederic to bring a scythe, the three of them went on discussing the
arrangements. After Rose's death, Frederic, her betrothed, had continued
working beside Gervais, becoming his most active and intelligent comrade
and helper. For some months, too, Marianne and Mathieu had noticed that
he was revolving around Claire, as though, since he had lost the elder
girl, he were willing to content himself with the younger one, who was
far less beautiful no doubt, but withal a good and sturdy housewife. This
had at first saddened the parents. Was it possible to forget their dear
daughter? Then, however, they felt moved, for the thought came to them
that the family ties would be drawn yet closer, that the young fellow's
heart would not roam in search of love elsewhere, but would remain with
them. So closing their eyes to what went on, they smiled, for in
Frederic, when Claire should be old enough to marry, Gervais would find
the brother-in-law and partner that he needed.

The question of the table had just been settled when a sudden invasion
burst through the tall grass around the oak tree; skirts flew about, and
loose hair waved in the sunshine.

"Oh!" cried Louise, "there are no roses."

"No," repeated Madeleine, "not a single white rose."

"And," added Marguerite, "we have inspected all the bushes. There are no
white roses, only red ones."

Thirteen, eleven, and nine, such were their respective ages. Louise,
plump and gay, already looked a little woman; Madeleine, slim and pretty,
spent hours at her piano, her eyes full of dreaminess; Marguerite, whose
nose was rather too large and whose lips were thick, had beautiful golden
hair. She would pick up little birds at winter time and warm them with
her hands. And the three of, them, after scouring the back garden, where
flowers mingled with vegetables, had now rushed up in despair at their
vain search. No white roses for a wedding! That was the end of
everything! What could they offer to the bride? And what could they set
upon the table?

Behind the three girls, however, appeared Gregoire, with jeering mien,
and his hands in his pockets. At fifteen he was very malicious, the most
turbulent, worrying member of the family, a lad inclined to the most
diabolical devices. His pointed nose and his thin lips denoted also his
adventurous spirit, his will power, and his skill in effecting his
object. And, apparently much amused by his sisters' disappointment, he
forgot himself and exclaimed, by way of teasing them: "Why, I know where
there are some white roses, and fine ones, too."

"Where is that?" asked Mathieu.

"Why, at the mill, near the wheel, in the little enclosure. There are
three big bushes which are quite white, with roses as big as cabbages."

Then he flushed and became confused, for his father was eyeing him

"What! do you still prowl round the mill?" said Mathieu. "I had forbidden
you to do so. As you know that there are white roses in the enclosure you
must have gone in, eh?"

"No; I looked over the wall."

"You climbed up the wall, that's the finishing touch! So you want to land
me in trouble with those Lepailleurs, who are decidedly very foolish and
very malicious people. There is really a devil in you, my boy."

That which Gregoire left unsaid was that he repaired to the enclosure in
order that he might there join Therese, the miller's fair-haired daughter
with the droll, laughing face, who was also a terribly adventurous damsel
for her thirteen years. True, their meetings were but childish play, but
at the end of the enclosure, under the apple trees, there was a
delightful nook where one could laugh and chat and amuse oneself at one's

"Well, just listen to me," Mathieu resumed. "I won't have you going to
play with Therese again. She is a pretty little girl, no doubt. But that
house is not a place for you to go to. It seems that they fight one
another there now."

This was a fact. When that young scamp Antonin had recovered his health,
he had been tormented by a longing to return to Paris, and had done all
he could with that object, in view of resuming a life of idleness and
dissipation. Lepailleur, greatly irritated at having been duped by his
son, had at first violently opposed his plans. But what could he do in
the country with that idle fellow, whom he himself had taught to hate the
earth and to sneer at the old rotting mill. Besides, he now had his wife
against him. She was ever admiring her son's learning, and so stubborn
was her faith in him that she was convinced that he would this time
secure a good position in the capital. Thus the father had been obliged
to give way, and Antonin was now finally wrecking his life while filling
some petty employment at a merchant's in the Rue du Mail. But, on the
other hand, the quarrelling increased in the home, particularly whenever
Lepailleur suspected his wife of robbing him in order to send money to
that big lazybones, their son. From the bridge over the Yeuse on certain
days one could hear oaths and blows flying about. And here again was
family life destroyed, strength wasted, and happiness spoilt.

Carried off by perfect anger, Mathieu continued: "To think of it; people
who had everything needful to be happy! How can one be so stupid? How can
one seek wretchedness for oneself with such obstinacy? As for that idea
of theirs of an only son, and their vanity in wanting to make a gentleman
of him, ah! well, they have succeeded finely! They must be extremely
pleased to-day! It is just like Lepailleur's hatred of the earth, his
old-fashioned system of cultivation, his obstinacy in leaving his bit of
moorland barren and refusing to sell it to me, no doubt by way of
protesting against our success! Can you imagine anything so stupid? And
it's just like his mill; all folly and idleness he stands still, looking
at it fall into ruins. He at least had a reason for that in former times;
he used to say that as the region had almost renounced corn-growing, the
peasants did not bring him enough grain to set his mill-stones working.
But nowadays when, thanks to us, corn overflows on all sides, surely he
ought to have pulled down his old wheel and have replaced it by a good
engine. Ah! if I were in his place I would already have a new and bigger
mill there, making all use of the water of the Yeuse, and connecting it
with Janville railway station by a line of rails, which would not cost so
much to lay down."

Gregoire stood listening, well pleased that the storm should fall on
another than himself. And Marianne, seeing that her three daughters were
still greatly grieved at having no white roses, consoled them, saying:
"Well, for the table to-morrow morning you must gather those which are
the lightest in color--the pale pink ones; they will do very well."

Thereupon Mathieu, calming down, made the children laugh, by adding
gayly: "Gather the red ones too, the reddest you find. They will
symbolize the blood of life!"

Marianne and Charlotte were still lingering there talking of all the
preparations, when other little feet came tripping through the grass.
Nicolas, quite proud of his seven years, was leading his niece Berthe, a
big girl of six. They agreed very well together. That day they had
remained indoors playing at "fathers and mothers" near the cradle
occupied by Benjamin and Guillaume, whom they called their babies. But
all at once the infants had awoke, clamoring for nourishment. And Nicolas
and Berthe, quite alarmed, had thereupon run off to fetch the two

"Mamma!" called Nicolas, "Benjamin's asking for you. He's thirsty."

"Mamma, mamma!" repeated Berthe, "Guillaume's thirsty. Come quick, he's
in a hurry."

Marianne and Charlotte laughed. True enough, the morrow's wedding had
made them forget their pets; and so they hastily returned to the house.

On the following day those happy nuptials were celebrated in affectionate
intimacy. There were but one-and-twenty at table under the oak tree in
the middle of the lawn, which, girt with elms and hornbeams, seemed like
a hall of verdure. The whole family was present: first those of the farm,
then Denis the bridegroom, next Ambroise and his wife Andree, who had
brought their little Leonce with them. And apart from the family proper,
there were only the few invited relatives, Beauchene and Constance,
Seguin and Valentine, with, of course, Madame Desvignes, the bride's
mother. There were twenty-one at table, as has been said; but besides
those one-and-twenty there were three very little ones present: Leonce,
who at fifteen months had just been weaned, and Benjamin and Guillaume,
who still took the breast. Their little carriages had been drawn up near,
so that they also belonged to the party, which was thus a round two
dozen. And the table, flowery with roses, sent forth a delightful perfume
under the rain of summer sunbeams which flecked it with gold athwart the
cool shady foliage. From one horizon to the other stretched the wondrous
tent of azure of the triumphant July sky. And Marthe's white bridal gown,
and the bright dresses of the girls, big and little; all those gay
frocks, and all that fine youthful health, seemed like the very
florescence of that green nook of happiness. They lunched joyously, and
ended by clinking glasses in country fashion, while wishing all sorts of
prosperity to the bridal pair and to everybody present.

Then, while the servants were removing the cloth, Seguin, who affected an
interest in horse-breeding and cattle-raising, wished Mathieu to show him
his stables. He had talked nothing but horseflesh during the meal, and
was particularly desirous of seeing some big farm-horses, whose great
strength had been praised by his host. He persuaded Beauchene to join him
in the inspection, and the three men were starting, when Constance and
Valentine, somewhat inquisitive with respect to that farm, the great
growth of which still filled them with stupefaction, decided to follow,
leaving the rest of the family installed under the trees, amid the
smiling peacefulness of that fine afternoon.

The cow-houses and stables were on the right hand. But in order to reach
them one had to cross the great yard, whence the entire estate could be
seen. And here there was a halt, a sudden stopping inspired by
admiration, so grandly did the work accomplished show forth under the
sun. They had known that land dry and sterile, covered with mere scrub;
they beheld it now one sea of waving corn, of crops whose growth
increased at each successive season. Up yonder, on the old marshy
plateau, the fertility was such, thanks to the humus amassed during long
centuries, that Mathieu did not even manure the ground as yet. Then, to
right and to left, the former sandy slopes spread out all greenery,
fertilized by the springs which ever brought them increase of
fruitfulness. And the very woods afar off, skilfully arranged, aired by
broad clearings, seemed to possess more sap, as if all the surrounding
growth of life had instilled additional vigor into them. With this vigor,
this power, indeed, the whole domain was instinct; it was creation, man's
labor fertilizing sterile soil, and drawing from it a wealth of
nourishment for expanding humanity, the conqueror of the world.

There was a long spell of silence. At last Seguin, in his dry shrill
voice, with a tinge of bitterness born of his own ruin, remarked: "You
have done a good stroke of business. I should never have believed it

Then they walked on again. But in the sheds, the cow-houses, the
sheep-cotes, and all round, the sensation of strength and power yet
increased. Creation was there continuing; the cattle, the sheep, the
fowls, the rabbits, all that dwelt and swarmed there were incessantly
increasing and multiplying. Each year the ark became too small, and fresh
pens and fresh buildings were required. Life increased life; on all sides
there were fresh broods, fresh flocks, fresh herds; all the conquering
wealth of inexhaustible fruitfulness.

When they reached the stables Seguin greatly admired the big draught
horses, and praised them with the expressions of a connoisseur. Then he
returned to the subject of breeding, and cited some extraordinary results
that one of his friends obtained by certain crosses. So far as the animal
kingdom was concerned his ideas were sound enough, but when he came to
the consideration of human kind he was as erratic as ever. As they walked
back from the stables he began to descant on the population question,
denouncing the century, and repeating all his old theories. Perhaps it
was jealous rancor that impelled him to protest against the victory of
life which the whole farm around him proclaimed so loudly. Depopulation!
why, it did not extend fast enough. Paris, which wished to die, so people
said, was really taking its time about it. All the same, he noticed some
good symptoms, for bankruptcy was increasing on all sides--in science,
politics, literature, and even art. Liberty was already dead. Democracy,
by exasperating ambitious instincts and setting classes in conflict for
power, was rapidly leading to a social collapse. Only the poor still had
large families; the elite, the people of wealth and intelligence, had
fewer and fewer children, so that, before final annihilation came, there
might still be a last period of acceptable civilization, in which there
would remain only a few men and women of supreme refinement, content with
perfumes for sustenance and mere breath for enjoyment. He, however, was
disgusted, for he now felt certain that he would not see that period
since it was so slow in coming.

"If only Christianity would return to the primitive faith," he continued,
"and condemn woman as an impure, diabolical, and harmful creature, we
might go and lead holy lives in the desert, and in that way bring the
world to an end much sooner. But the political Catholicism of nowadays,
anxious to keep alive itself, allows and regulates marriage, with the
view of maintaining things as they are. Oh! you will say, of course, that
I myself married and that I have children, which is true; but I am
pleased to think that they will redeem my fault. Gaston says that a
soldier's only wife ought to be his sword, and so he intends to remain
single; and as Lucie, on her side, has taken the veil at the Ursulines, I
feel quite at ease. My race is, so to say, already extinct, and that
delights me."

Mathieu listened with a smile. He was acquainted with that more or less
literary form of pessimism. In former days all such views, as, for
instance, the struggle of civilization against the birth-rate, and the
relative childlessness of the most intelligent and able members of the
community, had disturbed him. But since he had fought the cause of love
he had found another faith. Thus he contented himself with saying rather
maliciously: "But you forget your daughter Andree and her little boy

"Oh! Andree!" replied Seguin, waving his hand as if she did not belong to

Valentine, however, had stopped short, gazing at him fixedly. Since their
household had been wrecked and they had been leading lives apart, she no
longer tolerated his sudden attacks of insane brutality and jealousy. By
reason also of the squandering of their fortune she had a hold on him,
for he feared that she might ask for certain accounts to be rendered her.

"Yes," he granted, "there is Andree; but then girls don't count."

They were walking on again when Beauchene, who had hitherto contented
himself with puffing and chewing his cigar, for reserve was imposed upon
him by the frightful drama of his own family life, was unable to remain
silent any longer. Forgetful, relapsing into the extraordinary
unconsciousness which always set him erect, like a victorious superior
man, he spoke out loudly and boldly:

"I don't belong to Seguin's school, but, all the same, he says some true
things. That population question greatly interests me even now, and I can
flatter myself that I know it fully. Well, it is evident that Malthus was
right. It is not allowable for people to have families without knowing
how they will be able to nourish them. If the poor die of starvation it
is their fault, and not ours."

Then he reverted to his usual lecture on the subject. The governing
classes alone were reasonable in keeping to small families. A country
could only produce a certain supply of food, and was therefore restricted
to a certain population. People talked of the faulty division of wealth;
but it was madness to dream of an Utopia, where there would be no more
masters but only so many brothers, equal workers and sharers, who would
apportion happiness among themselves like a birthday-cake. All the evil
then came from the lack of foresight among the poor, though with brutal
frankness he admitted that employers readily availed themselves of the
circumstance that there was a surplus of children to hire labor at
reduced rates.

Then, losing all recollection of the past, infatuated, intoxicated with
his own ideas, he went on talking of himself. "People pretend that we are
not patriots because we don't leave troops of children behind us. But
that is simply ridiculous; each serves the country in his own way. If the
poor folks give it soldiers, we give it our capital--all the proceeds of
our commerce and industry. A fine lot of good would it do the country if
we were to ruin ourselves with big families, which would hamper us,
prevent us from getting rich, and afterwards destroy whatever we create
by subdividing it. With our laws and customs there can be no substantial
fortune unless a family is limited to one son. And yes, that is
necessary; but one son--an only son--that is the only wise course;
therein lies the only possible happiness."

It became so painful to hear him, in his position, speaking in that
fashion, that the others remained silent, full of embarrassment. And he,
thinking that he was convincing them, went on triumphantly: "Thus, I

But at this moment Constance interrupted him. She had hitherto walked on
with bowed head amid that flow of chatter which brought her so much
torture and shame, an aggravation, as it were, of her defeat. But now she
raised her face, down which two big tears were trickling.

"Alexandre!" she said.

"What is it, my dear?"

He did not yet understand. But on seeing her tears, he ended by feeling
disturbed, in spite of all his fine assurance. He looked at the others,
and wishing to have the last word, he added: "Ah, yes! our poor child.
But particular cases have nothing to do with general theories; ideas are
still ideas."

Silence fell between them. They were now near the lawn where the family
had remained. And for the last moment Mathieu had been thinking of
Morange, whom he had also invited to the wedding, but who had excused
himself from attending, as if he were terrified at the idea of gazing on
the joy of others, and dreaded, too, lest some sacrilegious attempt
should be made in his absence on the mysterious sanctuary where he
worshipped. Would he, Morange--so Mathieu wondered--have clung like
Beauchene to his former ideas? Would he still have defended the theory of
the only child; that hateful, calculating theory which had cost him both
his wife and his daughter? Mathieu could picture him flitting past, pale
and distracted, with the step of a maniac hastening to some mysterious
end, in which insanity would doubtless have its place. But the lugubrious
vision vanished, and then again before Mathieu's eyes the lawn spread out
under the joyous sun, offering between its belt of foliage such a picture
of happy health and triumphant beauty, that he felt impelled to break the
mournful silence and exclaim:

"Look there! look there! Isn't that gay; isn't that a delightful
scene--all those dear women and dear children in that setting of verdure?
It ought to be painted to show people how healthy and beautiful life is!"

Time had not been lost on the lawn since the Beauchenes and Seguins had
gone off to visit the stables. First of all there had been a distribution
of the menu cards, which Charlotte had adorned with such delicate
water-color sketches. This surprise of hers had enraptured them all at
lunch, and they still laughed at the sight of those pretty children's
heads. Then, while the servants cleared the table, Gregoire achieved a
great success by offering the bride a bouquet of splendid white roses,
which he drew out of a bush where he had hitherto kept it hidden. He had
doubtless been waiting for some absence of his father's. They were the
roses of the mill; with Therese's assistance he must have pillaged the
bushes in the enclosure. Marianne, recognizing how serious was the
transgression, wished to scold him. But what superb white roses they
were, as big as cabbages, as he himself had said! And he was entitled to
triumph over them, for they were the only white roses there, and had been
secured by himself, like the wandering urchin he was with a spice of
knight-errantry in his composition, quite ready to jump over walls and
cajole damsels in order to deck a bride with snowy blooms.

"Oh! papa won't say anything," he declared, with no little
self-assurance; "they are far too beautiful."

This made the others laugh; but fresh emotion ensued, for Benjamin and
Guillaume awoke and screamed their hunger aloud. It was gayly remarked,
however, that they were quite entitled to their turn of feasting. And as
it was simply a family gathering there was no embarrassment on the part
of the mothers. Marianne took Benjamin on her knees in the shade of the
oak tree, and Charlotte placed herself with Guillaume on her right hand;
while, on her left, Andree seated herself with little Leonce, who had
been weaned a week previously, but was still very fond of caresses.

It was at this moment that the Beauchenes and the Seguins reappeared with
Mathieu, and stopped short, struck by the charm of the spectacle before
them. Between a framework of tall trees, under the patriarchal oak, on
the thick grass of the lawn the whole vigorous family was gathered in a
group, instinct with gayety, beauty, and strength. Gervais and Claire,
ever active, were, with Frederic, hurrying on the servants, who made no
end of serving the coffee on the table which had just been cleared. For
this table the three younger girls, half buried in a heap of flowers, tea
and blush and crimson roses, were now, with the help of knight Gregoire,
devising new decorations. Then, a few paces away, the bridal pair, Denis
and Marthe, were conversing in undertones; while the bride's mother,
Madame Desvignes, sat listening to them with a discreet and infinitely
gentle smile upon her lips. And it was in the midst of all this that
Marianne, radiant, white of skin, still fresh, ever beautiful, with
serene strength, was giving the breast to her twelfth child, her
Benjamin, and smiling at him as he sucked away; while surrendering her
other knee to little Nicolas, who was jealous of his younger brother. And
her two daughters-in-law seemed like a continuation of herself. There was
Andree on the left with Ambroise, who had stepped up to tease his little
Leonce; and Charlotte on the right with her two children, Guillaume, who
hung on her breast, and Berthe, who had sought a place among her skirts.
And here, faith in life had yielded prosperity, ever-increasing,
overflowing wealth, all the sovereign florescence of happy fruitfulness.

Seguin, addressing himself to Marianne, asked her jestingly: "And so that
little gentleman is the fourteenth you have nursed?"

She likewise laughed. "No; I mustn't tell fibs! I have nursed twelve,
including this one; that is the exact number."

Beauchene, who had recovered his self-possession, could not refrain from
intervening once more: "A full dozen, eh! It is madness!"

"I share your opinion," said Mathieu, laughing in his turn. "At all
events, if it is not madness it is extravagance, as we admit, my wife and
I, when we are alone. And we certainly don't think that all people ought
to have such large families as ours. But, given the situation in France
nowadays, with our population dwindling and that of nearly every other
country increasing, it is hardly possible to complain of even the largest
family. Thus, even if our example be exaggerated, it remains an example,
I think, for others to think over."

Marianne listened, still smiling, but with tears standing in her eyes. A
feeling of gentle sadness was penetrating her; her heart-wound had
reopened even amid all her joy at seeing her children assembled around
her. "Yes," said she in a trembling voice, "there have been twelve, but I
have only ten left. Two are already sleeping yonder, waiting for us

There was no sign of dread, however, in that evocation of the peaceful
little cemetery of Janville and the family grave in which all the
children hoped some day to be laid, one after the other, side by side.
Rather did that evocation, coming amid that gay wedding assembly, seem
like a promise of future blessed peace. The memory of the dear departed
ones remained alive, and lent to one and all a kind of loving gravity
even amid their mirth. Was it not impossible to accept life without
accepting death. Each came here to perform his task, and then, his work
ended, went to join his elders in that slumber of eternity where the
great fraternity of humankind was fulfilled.

But in presence of those jesters, Beauchene and Seguin, quite a flood of
words rose to Mathieu's lips. He would have liked to answer them; he
would have liked to triumph over the mendacious theories which they still
dared to assert even in their hour of defeat. To fear that the earth
might become over-populated, that excess of life might produce famine,
was this not idiotic? Others only had to do as he had done: create the
necessary subsistence each time that a child was born to them. And he
would have pointed to Chantebled, his work, and to all the corn growing
up under the sun, even as his children grew. They could not be charged
with having come to consume the share of others, since each was born with
his bread before him. And millions of new beings might follow, for the
earth was vast: more than two-thirds of it still remained to be placed
under cultivation, and therein lay endless fertility for unlimited
humanity. Besides, had not every civilization, every progress, been due
to the impulse of numbers? The improvidence of the poor had alone urged
revolutionary multitudes to the conquest of truth, justice, and
happiness. And with each succeeding day the human torrent would require
more kindliness, more equity, the logical division of wealth by just laws
regulating universal labor. If it were true, too, that civilization was a
check to excessive natality, this phenomenon itself might make one hope
in final equilibrium in the far-off ages, when the earth should be
entirely populated and wise enough to live in a sort of divine
immobility. But all this was pure speculation beside the needs of the
hour, the nations which must be built up afresh and incessantly enlarged,
pending the eventual definitive federation of mankind. And it was really
an example, a brave and a necessary one, that Marianne and he were
giving, in order that manners and customs, and the idea of morality and
the idea of beauty might be changed.

Full of these thoughts Mathieu was already opening his mouth to speak.
But all at once he felt how futile discussion would be in presence of
that admirable scene; that mother surrounded by such a florescence of
vigorous children; that mother nursing yet another child, under the big
oak which she had planted. She was bravely accomplishing her task--that
of perpetuating the world. And hers was the sovereign beauty.

Mathieu could think of only one thing that would express everything, and
that was to kiss her with all his heart before the whole assembly.

"There, dear wife! You are the most beautiful and the best! May all the
others do as you have done."

Then, when Marianne had gloriously returned his kiss, there arose an
acclamation, a tempest of merry laughter. They were both of heroic mould;
it was with a great dash of heroism that they had steered their bark
onward, thanks to their full faith in life, their will of action, and the
force of their love. And Constance was at last conscious of it: she could
realize the conquering power of fruitfulness; she could already see the
Froments masters of the factory through their son Denis; masters of
Seguin's mansion through their son Ambroise; masters, too, of all the
countryside through their other children. Numbers spelt victory. And
shrinking, consumed with a love which she could never more satisfy, full
of the bitterness of her defeat, though she yet hoped for some abominable
revenge of destiny, she--who never wept!--turned aside to hide the big
hot tears which now burnt her withered cheeks.

Meantime Benjamin and Guillaume were enjoying themselves like greedy
little men whom nothing could disturb. Had there been less laughter one
might have heard the trickling of their mothers' milk: that little stream
flowing forth amid the torrent of sap which upraised the earth and made
the big trees quiver in the powerful July blaze. On every side fruitful
life was conveying germs, creating and nourishing. And for its eternal
work an eternal river of milk flowed through the world.


ONE Sunday morning Norine and Cecile--who, though it was rightly a day of
rest, were, nevertheless, working on either side of their little table,
pressed as they were to deliver boxes for the approaching New Year
season--received a visit which left them pale with stupor and fright.

Their unknown hidden life had hitherto followed a peaceful course, the
only battle being to make both ends meet every week, and to put by the
rent money for payment every quarter. During the eight years that the
sisters had been living together in the Rue de la Federation near the
Champ de Mars, occupying the same big room with cheerful windows, a room
whose coquettish cleanliness made them feel quite proud, Norine's child
had grown up steadily between his two affectionate mothers. For he had
ended by confounding them together: there was Mamma Norine and there was
Mamma Cecile; and he did not exactly know whether one of the two was more
his mother than the other. It was for him alone that they both lived and
toiled, the one still a fine, good-looking woman at forty years of age,
the other yet girlish at thirty.

Now, at about ten o'clock that Sunday, there came in succession two loud
knocks at the door. When the latter was opened a short, thick-set fellow,
about eighteen, stepped in. He was dark-haired, with a square face, a
hard prominent jaw, and eyes of a pale gray. And he wore a ragged old
jacket and a gray cloth cap, discolored by long usage.

"Excuse me," said he; "but isn't it here that live Mesdames Moineaud, who
make cardboard boxes?"

Norine stood there looking at him with sudden uneasiness. Her heart had
contracted as if she were menaced. She had certainly seen that face
somewhere before; but she could only recall one old-time danger, which
suddenly seemed to revive, more formidable than ever, as if threatening
to spoil her quiet life.

"Yes, it is here," she answered.

Without any haste the young man glanced around the room. He must have
expected more signs of means than he found, for he pouted slightly. Then
his eyes rested on the child, who, like a well-behaved little boy, had
been amusing himself with reading, and had now raised his face to examine
the newcomer. And the latter concluded his examination by directing a
brief glance at the other woman who was present, a slight, sickly
creature who likewise felt anxious in presence of that sudden apparition
of the unknown.

"I was told the left-hand door on the fourth floor," the young man
resumed. "But, all the same, I was afraid of making a mistake, for the
things I have to say can't be said to everybody. It isn't an easy matter,
and, of course, I thought it well over before I came here."

He spoke slowly in a drawling way, and after again making sure that the
other woman was too young to be the one he sought, he kept his pale eyes
steadily fixed on Norine. The growing anguish with which he saw her
quivering, the appeal that she was evidently making to her memory,
induced him to prolong things for another moment. Then he spoke out: "I
am the child who was put to nurse at Rougemont; my name is

There was no need for him to say anything more. The unhappy Norine began
to tremble from head to foot, clasped and wrung her hands, while an ashen
hue came over her distorted features. Good heavens--Beauchene! Yes, it
was Beauchene whom he resembled, and in so striking a manner, with his
eyes of prey, his big jaw which proclaimed an enjoyer consumed by base
voracity, that she was now astonished that she had not been able to name
him at her first glance. Her legs failed her, and she had to sit down.

"So it's you," said Alexandre.

As she continued shivering, confessing the truth by her manner, but
unable to articulate a word, to such a point did despair and fright
clutch her at the throat, he felt the need of reassuring her a little,
particularly if he was to keep that door open to him.

"You must not upset yourself like that," said he; "you have nothing to
fear from me; it isn't my intention to give you any trouble. Only when I
learnt at last where you were I wished to know you, and that was natural,
wasn't it? I even fancied that perhaps you might be pleased to see me. .
. . Then, too, the truth is that I'm precious badly off. Three years ago
I was silly enough to come back to Paris, where I do little more than
starve. And on the days when one hasn't breakfasted, one feels inclined
to look up one's parents, even though they may have turned one into the
street, for, all the same, they can hardly be so hard-hearted as to
refuse one a plateful of soup."

Tears rose to Norine's eyes. This was the finishing stroke, the return of
that wretched cast-off son, that big suspicious-looking fellow who
accused her and complained of starving. Annoyed at being unable to elicit
from her any response but shivers and sobs, Alexandre turned to Cecile:
"You are her sister, I know," said he; "tell her that it's stupid of her
to go on like that. I haven't come to murder her. It's funny how pleased
she is to see me! Yet I don't make any noise, and I said nothing whatever
to the door-porter downstairs, I assure you."

Then as Cecile, without answering him, rose to go and comfort Norine, he
again became interested in the child, who likewise felt frightened and
turned pale on seeing the grief of his two mammas.

"So that lad is my brother?"

Thereupon Norine suddenly sprang to her feet and set herself between the
child and him. A mad fear had come to her of some catastrophe, some great
collapse which would crush them all. Yet she did not wish to be harsh,
she even sought kind words, but amid it all she lost her head, carried
away by feelings of revolt, rancor, instinctive hostility.

"You came, I can understand it. But it is so cruel. What can I do? After
so many years one doesn't know one another, one has nothing to say. And,
besides, as you can see for yourself, I'm not rich."

Alexandre glanced round the room for the second time. "Yes, I see," he
answered; "and my father, can't you tell me his name?"

She remained thunderstruck by this question and turned yet paler, while
he continued: "Because if my father should have any money I should know
very well how to make him give me some. People have no right to fling
children into the gutter like that."

All at once Norine had seen the past rise up before her: Beauchene, the
works, and her father, who now had just quitted them owing to his
infirmities, leaving his son Victor behind him.

And a sort of instinctive prudence came to her at the thought that if she
were to give up Beauchene's name she might compromise all her happy life,
since terrible complications might ensue. The dread she felt of that
suspicious-looking lad, who reeked of idleness and vice, inspired her
with an idea: "Your father? He has long been dead," said she.

He could have known nothing, have learnt nothing on that point, for, in
presence of the energy of her answer, he expressed no doubt whatever of
her veracity, but contented himself with making a rough gesture which
indicated how angry he felt at seeing his hungry hopes thus destroyed.

"So I've got to starve!" he growled.

Norine, utterly distracted, was possessed by one painful desire--a desire
that he might take himself away, and cease torturing her by his presence,
to such a degree did remorse, and pity, and fright, and horror now wring
her bleeding heart. She opened a drawer and took from it a ten-franc
piece, her savings for the last three months, with which she had intended
to buy a New Year's present for her little boy. And giving those ten
francs to Alexandre, she said: "Listen, I can do nothing for you. We live
all three in this one room, and we scarcely earn our bread. It grieves me
very much to know that you are so unfortunately circumstanced. But you
mustn't rely on me. Do as we do--work."

He pocketed the ten francs, and remained there for another moment swaying
about, and saying that he had not come for money, and that he could very
well understand things. For his part he always behaved properly with
people when people behaved properly with him. And he repeated that since
she showed herself good-natured he had no idea of creating any scandal. A
mother who did what she could performed her duty, even though she might
only give a ten-sous piece. Then, as he was at last going off, he
inquired: "Won't you kiss me?"

She kissed him, but with cold lips and lifeless heart, and the two
smacking kisses which, with noisy affectation, he gave her in return,
left her cheeks quivering.

"And au revoir, eh?" said he. "Although one may be poor and unable to
keep together, each knows now that the other's in the land of the living.
And there is no reason why I shouldn't come up just now and again to wish
you good day when I'm passing."

When he had at last disappeared long silence fell amid the infinite
distress which his short stay had brought there. Norine had again sunk
upon a chair, as if overwhelmed by this catastrophe. Cecile had been
obliged to sit down in front of her, for she also was overcome. And it
was she who, amid the mournfulness of that room, which but a little while
ago had held all their happiness, spoke out the first to complain and
express her astonishment.

"But you did not ask him anything; we know nothing about him," said she.
"Where has he come from? What is he doing? What does he want? And, in
particular, how did he manage to discover you? These were the interesting
things to learn."

"Oh! what would you have!" replied Norine. "When he told me his name he
knocked all the strength out of me; I felt as cold as ice! Oh! it's he,
there's no doubt of it. You recognized his likeness to his father, didn't
you? But you are right; we know nothing, and now we shall always be
living with that threat over our heads, in fear that everything will
crumble down upon us."

All her strength, all her courage was gone, and she began to sob,
stammering indistinctly: "To think of it! a big fellow of eighteen
falling on one like that without a word of warning! And it's quite true
that I don't love him, since I don't even know him. When he kissed me I
felt nothing. I was icy cold, as if my heart were frozen. O God! O God!
what trouble to be sure, and how horrid and cruel it all is!"

Then, as her little boy, on seeing her weep, ran up and flung himself;
frightened and tearful, against her bosom, she wildly caught him in her
arms. "My poor little one! my poor little one! if only you don't suffer
by it; if only my sin doesn't fall on you! Ah! that would be a terrible
punishment. Really the best course is for folks to behave properly in
life if they don't want to have a lot of trouble afterwards!"

In the evening the sisters, having grown somewhat calmer, decided that
their best course would be to write to Mathieu. Norine remembered that he
had called on her a few years previously to ask if Alexandre had not been
to see her. He alone knew all the particulars of the business, and where
to obtain information. And, indeed, as soon as the sisters' letter
reached him Mathieu made haste to call on them in the Rue de la
Federation, for he was anxious with respect to the effect which any
scandal might have at the works, where Beauchene's position was becoming
worse every day. After questioning Norine at length, he guessed that
Alexandre must have learnt her address through La Couteau, though he
could not say precisely how this had come about. At last, after a long
month of discreet researches, conversations with Madame Menoux, Celeste,
and La Couteau herself, he was able in some measure to explain things.
The alert had certainly come from the inquiry intrusted to the
nurse-agent at Rougemont, that visit which she had made to the hamlet of
Saint-Pierre in quest of information respecting the lad who was supposed
to be in apprenticeship with Montoir the wheelwright. She had talked too
much, said too much, particularly to the other apprentice, that Richard,
another foundling, and one of such bad instincts, too, that seven months
later he had taken flight, like Alexandre, after purloining some money
from his master. Then years elapsed, and all trace of them was lost. But
later on, most assuredly they had met one another on the Paris pavement,
in such wise that the big carroty lad had told the little dark fellow the
whole story how his relatives had caused a search to be made for him, and
perhaps, too, who his mother was, the whole interspersed with
tittle-tattle and ridiculous inventions. Still this did not explain
everything, and to understand how Alexandre had procured his mother's
actual address, Mathieu had to presume that he had secured it from La
Couteau, whom Celeste had acquainted with so many things. Indeed, he
learnt at Broquette's nurse-agency that a short, thickset young man with
pronounced jaw-bones had come there twice to speak to La Couteau.
Nevertheless, many points remained unexplained; the whole affair had
taken place amid the tragic, murky gloom of Parisian low life, whose mire
it is not healthy to stir. Mathieu ended by resting content with a
general notion of the business, for he himself felt frightened at the
charges already hanging over those two young bandits, who lived so
precariously, dragging their idleness and their vices over the pavement
of the great city. And thus all his researches had resulted in but one
consoling certainty, which was that even if Norine the mother was known,
the father's name and position were certainly not suspected by anybody.

When Mathieu saw Norine again on the subject he terrified her by the few
particulars which he was obliged to give her.

"Oh! I beg you, I beg you, do not let him come again," she pleaded. "Find
some means; prevent him from coming here. It upsets me too dreadfully to
see him."

Mathieu, of course, could do nothing in this respect. After mature
reflection he realized that the great object of his efforts must be to
prevent Alexandre from discovering Beauchene. What he had learnt of the
young man was so bad, so dreadful, that he wished to spare Constance the
pain and scandal of being blackmailed. He could see her blanching at the
thought of the ignominy of that lad whom she had so passionately desired
to find, and he felt ashamed for her sake, and deemed it more
compassionate and even necessary to bury the secret in the silence of the
grave. Still, it was only after a long fight with himself that he came to
this decision, for he felt that it was hard to have to abandon the
unhappy youth in the streets. Was it still possible to save him? He
doubted it. And besides, who would undertake the task, who would know how
to instil honest principles into that waif by teaching him to work? It
all meant yet another man cast overboard, forsaken amid the tempest, and
Mathieu's heart bled at the thought of condemning him, though he could
think of no reasonable means of salvation.

"My opinion," he said to Norine, "is that you should keep his father's
name from him for the present. Later on we will see. But just now I
should fear worry for everybody."

She eagerly acquiesced. "Oh! you need not be anxious," she responded. "I
have already told him that his father is dead. If I were to speak out
everything would fall on my shoulders, and my great desire is to be left
in peace in my corner with my little one."

With sorrowful mien Mathieu continued reflecting, unable to make up his
mind to utterly abandon the young man. "If he would only work, I would
find him some employment. And I would even take him on at the farm later,
when I should no longer have cause to fear that he might contaminate my
people. However, I will see what can be done; I know a wheelwright who
would doubtless employ him, and I will write to you in order that you may
tell him where to apply, when he comes back to see you."

"What? When he comes back!" she cried in despair. "So you think that he
will come back. O God! O God! I shall never be happy again."

He did, indeed, come back. But when she gave him the wheelwright's
address he sneered and shrugged his shoulders. He knew all about the
Paris wheelwrights! A set of sweaters, a parcel of lazy rogues, who made
poor people toil and moil for them. Besides, he had never finished his
apprenticeship; he was only fit for running errands, in which capacity he
was willing to accept a post in a large shop. When Mathieu had procured
him such a situation, he did not remain in it a fortnight. One fine
evening he disappeared with the parcels of goods which he had been told
to deliver. In turn he tried to learn a baker's calling, became a mason's
hodman, secured work at the markets, but without ever fixing himself
anywhere. He simply discouraged his protector, and left all sorts of
roguery behind him for others to liquidate. It became necessary to
renounce the hope of saving him. When he turned up, as he did
periodically, emaciated, hungry, and in rags, they had to limit
themselves to providing him with the means to buy a jacket and some

Thus Norine lived on in a state of mortal disquietude. For long weeks
Alexandre seemed to be dead, but she, nevertheless, started at the
slightest sound that she heard on the landing. She always felt him to be
there, and whenever he suddenly rapped on the door she recognized his
heavy knock and began to tremble as if he had come to beat her. He had
noticed how his presence reduced the unhappy woman to a state of abject
terror, and he profited by this to extract from her whatever little sums
she hid away. When she had handed him the five-franc piece which Mathieu,
as a rule, left with her for this purpose, the young rascal was not
content, but began searching for more. At times he made his appearance in
a wild, haggard state, declaring that he should certainly be sent to
prison that evening if he did not secure ten francs, and talking the
while of smashing everything in the room or else of carrying off the
little clock in order to sell it. And it was then necessary for Cecile to
intervene and turn him out of the place; for, however puny she might be,
she had a brave heart. But if he went off it was only to return a few
days later with fresh demands, threatening that he would shout his story
to everybody on the stairs if the ten francs were not given to him. One
day, when his mother had no money in the place and began to weep, he
talked of ripping up the mattress, where, said he, she probably kept her
hoard. Briefly, the sisters' little home was becoming a perfect hell.

The greatest misfortune of all, however, was that in the Rue de la
Federation Alexandre made the acquaintance of Alfred, Norine's youngest
brother, the last born of the Moineaud family. He was then twenty, and
thus two years the senior of his nephew. No worse prowler than he
existed. He was the genuine rough, with pale, beardless face, blinking
eyes, and twisted mouth, the real gutter-weed that sprouts up amid the
Parisian manure-heaps. At seven years of age he robbed his sisters,
beating Cecile every Saturday in order to tear her earnings from her.
Mother Moineaud, worn out with hard work and unable to exercise a
constant watch over him, had never managed to make him attend school
regularly, or to keep him in apprenticeship. He exasperated her to such a
degree that she herself ended by turning him into the streets in order to
secure a little peace and quietness at home. His big brothers kicked him
about, his father was at work from morning till evening, and the child,
thus morally a waif, grew up out of doors for a career of vice and crime
among the swarms of lads and girls of his age, who all rotted there
together like apples fallen on the ground. And as Alfred grew he became
yet more corrupt; he was like the sacrificed surplus of a poor man's
family, the surplus poured into the gutter, the spoilt fruit which spoils
all that comes into contact with it.

Like Alexandre, too, he nowadays only lived chancewise, and it was not
even known where he had been sleeping, since Mother Moineaud had died at
a hospital exhausted by her long life of wretchedness and family cares
which had proved far too heavy for her. She was only sixty at the time of
her death, but was as bent and as worn out as a centenarian. Moineaud,
two years older, bent like herself, his legs twisted by paralysis, a
lamentable wreck after fifty years of unjust toil, had been obliged to
quit the factory, and thus the home was empty, and its few poor sticks
had been cast to the four winds of heaven.

Moineaud fortunately received a little pension, for which he was indebted
to Denis's compassionate initiative. But he was sinking into second
childhood, worn out by his long and constant efforts, and not only did he
squander his few coppers in drink, but he could not be left alone, for
his feet were lifeless, and his hands shook to such a degree that he ran
the risk of setting all about him on fire whenever he tried to light his
pipe. At last he found himself stranded in the home of his daughters,
Norine and Cecile, the only two who had heart enough to take him in. They
rented a little closet for him, on the fifth floor of the house, over
their own room, and they nursed him and bought him food and clothes with
his pension-money, to which they added a good deal of their own. As they
remarked in their gay, courageous way, they now had two children, a
little one and a very old one, which was a heavy burden for two women who
earned but five francs a day, although they were ever making boxes from
morn till night, There was a touch of soft irony in the circumstance that
old Moineaud should have been unable to find any other refuge than the
home of his daughter Norine--that daughter whom he had formerly turned
away and cursed for her misconduct, that hussy who had dishonored him,
but whose very hands he now kissed when, for fear lest he should set the
tip of his nose ablaze, she helped him to light his pipe.

All the same, the shaky old nest of the Moineauds was destroyed, and the
whole family had flown off, dispersed chancewise. Irma alone, thanks to
her fine marriage with a clerk, lived happily, playing the part of a
lady, and so full of vanity that she no longer condescended to see her
brothers and sisters. Victor, meantime, was leading at the factory much
the same life as his father had led, working at the same mill as the
other, and in the same blind, stubborn way. He had married, and though he
was under six-and-thirty, he already had six children, three boys and
three girls, so that his wife seemed fated to much the same existence as
his mother La Moineaude. Both of them would finish broken down, and their
children in their turn would unconsciously perpetuate the swarming and
accursed starveling race.

At Euphrasie's, destiny the inevitable showed itself more tragic still.
The wretched woman had not been lucky enough to die. She had gradually
become bedridden, quite unable to move, though she lived on and could
hear and see and understand things. From that open grave, her bed, she
had beheld the final break-up of what remained of her sorry home. She was
nothing more than a thing, insulted by her husband and tortured by Madame
Joseph, who would leave her for days together without water, and fling
her occasional crusts much as they might be flung to a sick animal whose
litter is not even changed. Terror-stricken, and full of humility amid
her downfall, Euphrasie resigned herself to everything; but the worst was
that her three children, her twin daughters and her son, being abandoned
to themselves, sank into vice, the all-corrupting life of the streets.
Benard, tired out, distracted by the wreck of his home, had taken to
drinking with Madame Joseph; and afterwards they would fight together,
break the furniture, and drive off the children, who came home muddy, in
rags, and with their pockets full of stolen things. On two occasions
Benard disappeared for a week at a time. On the third he did not come
back at all. When the rent fell due, Madame Joseph in her turn took
herself off. And then came the end. Euphrasie had to be removed to the
hospital of La Salpetriere, the last refuge of the aged and the infirm;
while the children, henceforth without a home in name, were driven into
the gutter. The boy never turned up again; it was as if he had been
swallowed by some sewer. One of the twin girls, found in the streets,
died in a hospital during the ensuing year; and the other, Toinette, a
fair-haired scraggy hussy, who, however puny she might look, was a
terrible little creature with the eyes and the teeth of a wolf, lived
under the bridges, in the depths of the stone quarries, in the dingy
garrets of haunts of vice, so that at sixteen she was already an expert
thief. Her fate was similar to Alfred's; here was a girl morally
abandoned, then contaminated by the life of the streets, and carried off
to a criminal career. And, indeed, the uncle and the niece having met by
chance, ended by consorting together, their favorite refuge, it was
thought, being the limekilns in the direction of Les Moulineaux.

One day then it happened that Alexandre upon calling at Norine's there
encountered Alfred, who came at times to try to extract a half-franc from
old Moineaud, his father. The two young bandits went off together,
chatted, and met again. And from that chance encounter there sprang a
band. Alexandre was living with Richard, and Alfred brought Toinette to
them. Thus they were four in number, and the customary developments
followed: begging at first, the girl putting out her hand at the
instigation of the three prowlers, who remained on the watch and drew
alms by force at nighttime from belated bourgeois encountered in dark
corners; next came vulgar vice and its wonted attendant, blackmail; and
then theft, petty larceny to begin with, the pilfering of things
displayed for sale by shopkeepers, and afterwards more serious affairs,
premeditated expeditions, mapped out like real war plans.

The band slept wherever it could; now in suspicious dingy doss-houses,
now on waste ground. In summer time there were endless saunters through
the woods of the environs, pending the arrival of night, which handed
Paris over to their predatory designs. They found themselves at the
Central Markets, among the crowds on the boulevards, in the low taverns,
along the deserted avenues--indeed, wherever they sniffed the possibility
of a stroke of luck, the chance of snatching the bread of idleness, or
the pleasures of vice. They were like a little clan of savages on the
war-path athwart civilization, living outside the pale of the laws. They
suggested young wild beasts beating the ancestral forest; they typified
the human animal relapsing into barbarism, forsaken since birth, and
evincing the ancient instincts of pillage and carnage. And like noxious
weeds they grew up sturdily, becoming bolder and bolder each day,
exacting a bigger and bigger ransom from the fools who toiled and moiled,
ever extending their thefts and marching along the road to murder.

Never should it be forgotten that the child, born chancewise, and then
cast upon the pavement, without supervision, without prop or help, rots
there and becomes a terrible ferment of social decomposition. All those
little ones thrown to the gutter, like superfluous kittens are flung into
some sewer, all those forsaken ones, those wanderers of the pavement who
beg, and thieve, and indulge in vice, form the dung-heap in which the
worst crimes germinate. Childhood left to wretchedness breeds a fearful
nucleus of infection in the tragic gloom of the depths of Paris. Those
who are thus imprudently cast into the streets yield a harvest of
brigandage--that frightful harvest of evil which makes all society

When Norine, through the boasting of Alexandre and Alfred, who took
pleasure in astonishing her, began to suspect the exploits of the band,
she felt so frightened that she had a strong bolt placed upon her door.
And when night had fallen she no longer admitted any visitor until she
knew his name. Her torture had been lasting for nearly two years; she was
ever quivering with alarm at the thought of Alexandre rushing in upon her
some dark night. He was twenty now; he spoke authoritatively, and
threatened her with atrocious revenge whenever he had to retire with
empty hands. One day, in spite of Cecile, he threw himself upon the
wardrobe and carried off a bundle of linen, handkerchiefs, towels,
napkins, and sheets, intending to sell them. And the sisters did not dare
to pursue him down the stairs. Despairing, weeping, overwhelmed by it
all, they had sunk down upon their chairs.

That winter proved a very severe one; and the two poor workwomen,
pillaged in this fashion, would have perished in their sorry home of cold
and starvation, together with the dear child for whom they still did
their best, had it not been for the help which their old friend, Madame
Angelin, regularly brought them. She was still a lady-delegate of the
Poor Relief Service, and continued to watch over the children of unhappy
mothers in that terrible district of Grenelle, whose poverty is so great.
But for a long time past she had been unable to do anything officially
for Norine. If she still brought her a twenty-franc piece every month, it
was because charitable people intrusted her with fairly large amounts,
knowing that she could distribute them to advantage in the dreadful
inferno which her functions compelled her to frequent. She set her last
joy and found the great consolation of her desolate, childless life in
thus remitting alms to poor mothers whose little ones laughed at her
joyously as soon as they saw her arrive with her hands full of good

One day when the weather was frightful, all rain and wind, Madame Angelin
lingered for a little while in Norine's room. It was barely two o'clock
in the afternoon, and she was just beginning her round. On her lap lay
her little bag, bulging out with the gold and the silver which she had to
distribute. Old Moineaud was there, installed on a chair and smoking his
pipe, in front of her. And she felt concerned about his needs, and
explained that she would have greatly liked to obtain a monthly relief
allowance for him.

"But if you only knew," she added, "what suffering there is among the
poor during these winter months. We are quite swamped, we cannot give to
everybody, there are too many. And after all you are among the fortunate
ones. I find some lying like dogs on the tiled floors of their rooms,
without a scrap of coal to make a fire or even a potato to eat. And the
poor children, too, good Heavens! Children in heaps among vermin, without
shoes, without clothes, all growing up as if destined for prison or the
scaffold, unless consumption should carry them off."

Madame Angelin quivered and closed her eyes as if to escape the spectacle
of all the terrifying things that she evoked, the wretchedness, the
shame, the crimes that she elbowed during her continual perambulations
through that hell of poverty, vice, and hunger. She often returned home
pale and silent, having reached the uttermost depths of human
abomination, and never daring to say all. At times she trembled and
raised her eyes to Heaven, wondering what vengeful cataclysm would
swallow up that accursed city of Paris.

"Ah!" she murmured once more; "their sufferings are so great, may their
sins be forgiven them."

Moineaud listened to her in a state of stupor, as if he were unable to
understand. At last with difficulty he succeeded in taking his pipe from
his mouth. It was, indeed, quite an effort now for him to do such a
thing, and yet for fifty years he had wrestled with iron--iron in the
vice or on the anvil.

"There is nothing like good conduct," he stammered huskily. "When a man
works he's rewarded."

Then he wished to set his pipe between his lips once more, but was unable
to do so. His hand, deformed by the constant use of tools, trembled too
violently. So it became necessary for Norine to rise from her chair and
help him.

"Poor father!" exclaimed Cecile, who had not ceased working, cutting out
the cardboard for the little boxes she made: "What would have become of
him if we had not given him shelter? It isn't Irma, with her stylish hats
and her silk dresses who would have cared to have him at her place."

Meantime Norine's little boy had taken his stand in front of Madame
Angelin, for he knew very well that, on the days when the good lady
called, there was some dessert at supper in the evening. He smiled at her
with the bright eyes which lit up his pretty fair face, crowned with
tumbled sunshiny hair. And when she noticed with what a merry glance he
was waiting for her to open her little bag, she felt quite moved.

"Come and kiss me, my little friend," said she.

She knew no sweeter reward for all that she did than the kisses of the
children in the poor homes whither she brought a little joy. When the
youngster had boldly thrown his arms round her neck, her eyes filled with
tears; and, addressing herself to his mother, she repeated: "No, no, you
must not complain; there are others who are more unhappy than you. I know
one who if this pretty little fellow could only be her own would
willingly accept your poverty, and paste boxes together from morning till
night and lead a recluse's life in this one room, which he suffices to
fill with sunshine. Ah! good Heavens, if you were only willing, if we
could only change."

For a moment she became silent, afraid that she might burst into sobs.
The wound dealt her by her childlessness had always remained open. She
and her husband were now growing old in bitter solitude in three little
rooms overlooking a courtyard in the Rue de Lille. In this retirement
they subsisted on the salary which she, the wife, received as a
lady-delegate, joined to what they had been able to save of their
original fortune. The former fan-painter of triumphant mien was now
completely blind, a mere thing, a poor suffering thing, whom his wife
seated every morning in an armchair where she still found him in the
evening when she returned home from her incessant peregrinations through
the frightful misery of guilty mothers and martyred children. He could no
longer eat, he could no longer go to bed without her help, he had only
her left him, he was her child as he would say at times with a despairing
irony which made them both weep.

A child? Ah, yes! she had ended by having one, and it was he! An old
child, born of disaster; one who appeared to be eighty though he was less
than fifty years old, and who amid his black and ceaseless night ever
dreamt of sunshine during the long hours which he was compelled to spend
alone. And Madame Angelin did not only envy that poor workwoman her
little boy, she also envied her that old man smoking his pipe yonder,
that infirm relic of labor who at all events saw clearly and still lived.

"Don't worry the lady," said Norine to her son; for she felt anxious,
quite moved indeed, at seeing the other so disturbed, with her heart so
full. "Run away and play."

She had learnt a little of Madame Angelin's sad story from Mathieu. And
with the deep gratitude which she felt towards her benefactress was
blended a sort of impassioned respect, which rendered her timid and
deferent each time that she saw her arrive, tall and distinguished, ever
clad in black, and showing the remnants of her former beauty which sorrow
had wrecked already, though she was barely six-and-forty years of age.
For Norine, the lady-delegate was like some queen who had fallen from her
throne amid frightful and undeserved sufferings.

"Run away, go and play, my darling," Norine repeated to her boy: "you are
tiring madame."

"Tiring me, oh no!" exclaimed Madame Angelin, conquering her emotion. "On
the contrary, he does me good. Kiss me, kiss me again, my pretty fellow."

Then she began to bestir and collect herself.

"Well, it is getting late, and I have so many places to go to between now
and this evening! This is what I can do for you."

She was at last taking a gold coin from her little bag, but at that very
moment a heavy blow, as if dealt by a fist, resounded on the door. And
Norine turned ghastly pale, for she had recognized Alexandre's brutal
knock. What could she do? If she did not open the door, the bandit would
go on knocking, and raise a scandal. She was obliged to open it, but
things did not take the violent tragical turn which she had feared.
Surprised at seeing a lady there, Alexandre did not even open his mouth.
He simply slipped inside, and stationed himself bolt upright against the
wall. The lady-delegate had raised her eyes and then carried them
elsewhere, understanding that this young fellow must be some friend,
probably some relative. And without thought of concealment, she went on:

"Here are twenty francs, I can't do more. Only I promise you that I will
try to double the amount next month. It will be the rent month, and I've
already applied for help on all sides, and people have promised to give
me the utmost they can. But shall I ever have enough? So many
applications are made to me."

Her little bag had remained open on her knees, and Alexandre, with his
glittering eyes, was searching it, weighing in fancy all the treasure of
the poor that it contained, all the gold and silver and even the copper
money that distended its sides. Still in silence, he watched Madame
Angelin as she closed it, slipped its little chain round her wrist, and
then finally rose from her chair.

"Well, au revoir, till next month then," she resumed. "I shall certainly
call on the 5th; and in all probability I shall begin my round with you.
But it's possible that it may be rather late in the afternoon, for it
happens to be my poor husband's name-day. And so be brave and work well."

Norine and Cecile had likewise risen, in order to escort her to the door.
Here again there was an outpouring of gratitude, and the child once more
kissed the good lady on both cheeks with all his little heart. The
sisters, so terrified by Alexandre's arrival, at last began to breathe

In point of fact the incident terminated fairly well, for the young man
showed himself accommodating. When Cecile returned from obtaining change
for the gold, he contented himself with taking one of the four five-franc
pieces which she brought up with her. And he did not tarry to torture
them as was his wont, but immediately went off with the money he had
levied, whistling the while the air of a hunting-song.

The 5th of the ensuing month, a Saturday, was one of the gloomiest, most
rainy days of that wretched, mournful winter. Darkness fell rapidly
already at three o'clock in the afternoon, and it became almost night. At
the deserted end of Rue de la Federation there was an expanse of waste
ground, a building site, for long years enclosed by a fence, which
dampness had ended by rotting. Some of the boards were missing, and at
one part there was quite a breach. All through that afternoon, in spite
of the constantly recurring downpours, a scraggy girl remained stationed
near that breach, wrapped to her eyes in the ragged remnants of an old
shawl, doubtless for protection against the cold. She seemed to be
waiting for some chance meeting, the advent it might be of some
charitably disposed wayfarer. And her impatience was manifest, for while
keeping close to the fence like some animal lying in wait, she
continually peered through the breach, thrusting out her tapering
weasel's head and watching yonder, in the direction of the Champ de Mars.

Hours went by, three o'clock struck, and then such dark clouds rolled
over the livid sky, that the girl herself became blurred, obscured, as if
she were some mere piece of wreckage cast into the darkness. At times she
raised her head and watched the sky darken, with eyes that glittered as
if to thank it for throwing so dense a gloom over that deserted corner,
that spot so fit for an ambuscade. And just as the rain had once more
begun to fall, a lady could be seen approaching, a lady clad in black,
quite black, under an open umbrella. While seeking to avoid the puddles
in her path, she walked on quickly, like one in a hurry, who goes about
her business on foot in order to save herself the expense of a cab.

From some precise description which she had obtained, Toinette, the girl,
appeared to recognize this lady from afar off. She was indeed none other
than Madame Angelin, coming quickly from the Rue de Lille, on her way to
the homes of her poor, with the little chain of her little bag encircling
her wrist. And when the girl espied the gleaming steel of that little
chain, she no longer had any doubts, but whistled softly. And forthwith
cries and moans arose from a dim corner of the vacant ground, while she
herself began to wail and call distressfully.

Astonished, disturbed by it all, Madame Angelin stopped short.

"What is the matter, my girl?" she asked.

"Oh! madame, my brother has fallen yonder and broken his leg."

"What, fallen? What has he fallen from?"

"Oh! madame, there's a shed yonder where we sleep, because we haven't any
home, and he was using an old ladder to try to prevent the rain from
pouring in on us, and he fell and broke his leg."

Thereupon the girl burst into sobs, asking what was to become of them,
stammering that she had been standing there in despair for the last ten
minutes, but could see nobody to help them, which was not surprising with
that terrible rain falling and the cold so bitter. And while she
stammered all this, the calls for help and the cries of pain became
louder in the depths of the waste ground.

Though Madame Angelin was terribly upset, she nevertheless hesitated, as
if distrustful.

"You must run to get a doctor, my poor child," said she, "I can do

"Oh! but you can, madame; come with me, I pray you. I don't know where
there's a doctor to be found. Come with me, and we will pick him up, for
I can't manage it by myself; and at all events we can lay him in the
shed, so that the rain sha'n't pour down on him."

This time the good woman consented, so truthful did the girl's accents
seem to be. Constant visits to the vilest dens, where crime sprouted from
the dunghill of poverty, had made Madame Angelin brave. She was obliged
to close her umbrella when she glided through the breach in the fence in
the wake of the girl, who, slim and supple like a cat, glided on in
front, bareheaded, in her ragged shawl.

"Give me your hand, madame," said she. "Take care, for there are some
trenches. . . . It's over yonder at the end. Can you hear how he's
moaning, poor brother? . . . Ah! here we are!"

Then came swift and overwhelming savagery. The three bandits, Alexandre,
Richard, and Alfred, who had been crouching low, sprang forward and threw
themselves upon Madame Angelin with such hungry, wolfish violence that
she was thrown to the ground. Alfred, however, being a coward, then left
her to the two others, and hastened with Toinette to the breach in order
to keep watch. Alexandre, who had a handkerchief rolled up, all ready,
thrust it into the poor lady's mouth to stifle her cries. Their intention
was to stun her only and then make off with her little bag.

But the handkerchief must have slipped out, for she suddenly raised a
shriek, a loud and terrible shriek. And at that moment the others near
the breach gave the alarm whistle: some people were, doubtless, drawing
near. It was necessary to finish. Alexandre knotted the handkerchief
round the unhappy woman's neck, while Richard with his fist forced her
shriek back into her throat. Red madness fell upon them, they both began
to twist and tighten the handkerchief, and dragged the poor creature over
the muddy ground until she stirred no more. Then, as the whistle sounded
again, they took the bag, left the body there with the handkerchief
around the neck, and galloped, all four of them, as far as the Grenelle
bridge, whence they flung the bag into the Seine, after greedily
thrusting the coppers, and the white silver, and the yellow gold into
their pockets.

When Mathieu read the particulars of the crime in the newspapers, he was
seized with fright and hastened to the Rue de la Federation. The murdered
woman had been promptly identified, and the circumstance that the crime
had been committed on that plot of vacant ground but a hundred yards or
so from the house where Norine and Cecile lived upset him, filled him
with a terrible presentiment. And he immediately realized that his fears
were justified when he had to knock three times at Norine's door before
Cecile, having recognized his voice, removed the articles with which it
had been barricaded, and admitted him inside. Norine was in bed, quite
ill, and as white as her sheets. She began to sob and shuddered
repeatedly as she told him the story: Madame Angelin's visit the previous
month, and the sudden arrival of Alexandre, who had seen the bag and had
heard the promise of further help, at a certain hour on a certain date.
Besides, Norine could have no doubts, for the handkerchief found round
the victim's neck was one of hers which Alexandre had stolen: a
handkerchief embroidered with the initial letters of her Christian name,
one of those cheap fancy things which are sold by thousands at the big
linendrapery establishments. That handkerchief, too, was the only clew to
the murderers, and it was such a very vague one that the police were
still vainly seeking the culprits, quite lost amid a variety of scents
and despairing of success.

Mathieu sat near the bed listening to Norine and feeling icy cold. Good
God! that poor, unfortunate Madame Angelin! He could picture her in her
younger days, so gay and bright over yonder at Janville, roaming the
woods there in the company of her husband, the pair of them losing
themselves among the deserted paths, and lingering in the discreet shade
of the pollard willows beside the Yeuse, where their love kisses sounded
beneath the branches like the twittering of song birds. And he could
picture her at a later date, already too severely punished for her lack
of foresight, in despair at remaining childless, and bowed down with
grief as by slow degrees her husband became blind, and night fell upon
the little happiness yet left to them. And all at once Mathieu also
pictured that wretched blind man, on the evening when he vainly awaited
the return of his wife, in order that she might feed him and put him to
bed, old child that he was, now motherless, forsaken, forever alone in
his dark night, in which he could only see the bloody spectre of his
murdered helpmate. Ah! to think of it, so bright a promise of radiant
life, followed by such destiny, such death!

"We did right," muttered Mathieu, as his thoughts turned to Constance,
"we did right to keep that ruffian in ignorance of his father's name.
What a terrible thing! We must bury the secret as deeply as possible
within us."

Norine shuddered once more.

"Oh! have no fear," she answered, "I would die rather than speak."

Months, years, flowed by; and never did the police discover the murderers
of the lady with the little bag. For years, too, Norine shuddered every
time that anybody knocked too roughly at her door. But Alexandre did not
reappear there. He doubtless feared that corner of the Rue de la
Federation, and remained as it were submerged in the dim unsoundable
depths of the ocean of Paris.


DURING the ten years which followed, the vigorous sprouting of the
Froments, suggestive of some healthy vegetation of joy and strength,
continued in and around the ever and ever richer domain of Chantebled. As
the sons and the daughters grew up there came fresh marriages, and more
and more children, all the promised crop, all the promised swarming of a
race of conquerors.

First it was Gervais who married Caroline Boucher, daughter of a big
farmer of the region, a fair, fine-featured, gay, strong girl, one of
those superior women born to rule over a little army of servants. On
leaving a Parisian boarding-school she had been sensible enough to feel
no shame of her family's connection with the soil. Indeed she loved the
earth and had set herself to win from it all the sterling happiness of
her life. By way of dowry she brought an expanse of meadow-land in the
direction of Lillebonne, which enlarged the estate by some seventy acres.
But she more particularly brought her good humor, her health, her courage
in rising early, in watching over the farmyard, the dairy, the whole
home, like an energetic active housewife, who was ever bustling about,
and always the last to bed.

Then came the turn of Claire, whose marriage with Frederic Berthaud, long
since foreseen, ended by taking place. There were tears of soft emotion,
for the memory of her whom Berthaud had loved and whom he was to have
married disturbed several hearts on the wedding day when the family
skirted the little cemetery of Janville as it returned to the farm from
the municipal offices. But, after all, did not that love of former days,
that faithful fellow's long affection, which in time had become
transferred to the younger sister, constitute as it were another link in
the ties which bound him to the Froments? He had no fortune, he brought
with him only his constant faithfulness, and the fraternity which had
sprung up between himself and Gervais during the many seasons when they
had ploughed the estate like a span of tireless oxen drawing the same
plough. His heart was one that could never be doubted, he was the helper
who had become indispensable, the husband whose advent would mean the
best of all understandings and absolute certainty of happiness.

From the day of that wedding the government of the farm was finally
settled. Though Mathieu was barely five-and-fifty he abdicated, and
transferred his authority to Gervais, that son of the earth as with a
laugh he often called him, the first of his children born at Chantebled,
the one who had never left the farm, and who had at all times given him
the support of his arm and his brain and his heart. And now Frederic in
turn would think and strive as Gervais's devoted lieutenant, in the great
common task. Between them henceforth they would continue the father's
work, and perfect the system of culture, procuring appliances of new
design from the Beauchene works, now ruled by Denis, and ever drawing
from the soil the largest crops that it could be induced to yield. Their
wives had likewise divided their share of authority; Claire surrendered
the duties of supervision to Caroline, who was stronger and more active
than herself, and was content to attend to the accounts, the turnover of
considerable sums of money, all that was paid away and all that was
received. The two couples seemed to have been expressly and cleverly
selected to complete one another and to accomplish the greatest sum of
work without ever the slightest fear of conflict. And, indeed, they lived
in perfect union, with only one will among them, one purpose which was
ever more and more skilfully effected--the continual increase of the
happiness and wealth of Chantebled under the beneficent sun.

At the same time, if Mathieu had renounced the actual exercise of
authority, he none the less remained the creator, the oracle who was
consulted, listened to, and obeyed. He dwelt with Marianne in the old
shooting-box which had been transformed and enlarged into a very
comfortable house. Here they lived like the founders of a dynasty who had
retired in full glory, setting their only delight in beholding around
them the development and expansion of their race, the birth and growth of
their children's children. Leaving Claire and Gervais on one side, there
were as yet only Denis and Ambroise--the first to wing their flight
abroad--engaged in building up their fortunes in Paris. The three girls,
Louise, Madeleine, and Marguerite, who would soon be old enough to marry,
still dwelt in the happy home beside their parents, as well as the three
youngest boys, Gregoire, the free lance, Nicolas, the most stubborn and
determined of the brood, and Benjamin, who was of a dreamy nature. All
these finished growing up at the edge of the nest, so to say, with the
window of life open before them, ready for the day when they likewise
would take wing.

With them dwelt Charlotte, Blaise's widow, and her two children, Berthe
and Guillaume, the three of them occupying an upper floor of the house
where the mother had installed her studio. She was becoming rich since
her little share in the factory profits, stipulated by Denis, had been
increasing year by year; but nevertheless, she continued working for her
dealer in miniatures. This work brought her pocket-money, she gayly said,
and would enable her to make her children a present whenever they might
marry. There was, indeed, already some thought of Berthe marrying; and
assuredly she would be the first of Mathieu and Marianne's grandchildren
to enter into the state of matrimony. They smiled softly at the idea of
becoming great-grandparents before very long perhaps.

After the lapse of four years, Gregoire, first of the younger children,
flew away. There was a great deal of trouble, quite a little drama in
connection with the affair, which Mathieu and Marianne had for some time
been anticipating. Gregoire was anything but reasonable. Short, but
robust, with a pert face in which glittered the brightest of eyes, he had
always been the turbulent member of the family, the one who caused the
most anxiety. His childhood had been spent in playing truant in the woods
of Janville, and he had afterwards made a mere pretence of studying in
Paris, returning home full of health and spirits, but unable or unwilling
to make up his mind with respect to any particular trade or profession.
Already four-and-twenty, he knew little more than how to shoot and fish,
and trot about the country on horseback. He was certainly not more stupid
or less active than another, but he seemed bent on living and amusing
himself according to his fancy. The worst was that for some months past
all the gossips of Janville had been relating that he had renewed his
former boyish friendship with Therese Lepailleur, the miller's daughter,
and that they were to be met of an evening in shady nooks under the
pollard-willows by the Yeuse.

One morning Mathieu, wishing to ascertain if the young coveys of
partridges were plentiful in the direction of Mareuil, took Gregoire with
him; and when they found themselves alone among the plantations of the
plateau, he began to talk to him seriously.

"You know I'm not pleased with you, my lad," said he. "I really cannot
understand the idle life which you lead here, while all the rest of us
are hard at work. I shall wait till October since you have positively
promised me that you will then come to a decision and choose the calling
which you most fancy. But what is all this tittle-tattle which I hear
about appointments which you keep with the daughter of the Lepailleurs?
Do you wish to cause us serious worry?"

Gregoire quietly began to laugh.

"Oh, father! You are surely not going to scold a son of yours because he
happens to be on friendly terms with a pretty girl! Why, as you may
remember, it was I who gave her her first bicycle lesson nearly ten years
ago. And you will recollect the fine white roses which she helped me to
secure in the enclosure by the mill for Denis' wedding."

Gregoire still laughed at the memory of that incident, and lived afresh
through all his old time sweethearting--the escapades with Therese along
the river banks, and the banquets of blackberries in undiscoverable
hiding-places, deep in the woods. And it seemed, too, that the love of
childhood had revived, and was now bursting into consuming fire, so
vividly did his cheeks glow, and so hotly did his eyes blaze as he thus
recalled those distant times.

"Poor Therese! We had been at daggers drawn for years, and all because
one evening, on coming back from the fair at Vieux-Bourg, I pushed her
into a pool of water where she dirtied her frock. It's true that last
spring we made it up again on finding ourselves face to face in the
little wood at Monval over yonder. But come, father, do you mean to say
that it's a crime if we take a little pleasure in speaking to one another
when we meet?"

Rendered the more anxious by the fire with which Gregoire sought to
defend the girl, Mathieu spoke out plainly.

"A crime? No, if you just wish one another good day and good evening.
Only folks relate that you are to be seen at dusk with your arms round
each other's waist, and that you go stargazing through the grass
alongside the Yeuse."

Then, as Gregoire this time without replying laughed yet more loudly,
with the merry laugh of youth, his father gravely resumed:

"Listen, my lad, it is not at all to my taste to play the gendarme behind
my sons. But I won't have you drawing some unpleasant business with the
Lepailleurs on us all. You know the position, they would be delighted to
give us trouble. So don't give them occasion for complaining, leave their
daughter alone."

"Oh! I take plenty of care," cried the young man, thus suddenly
confessing the truth. "Poor girl! She has already had her ears boxed
because somebody told her father that I had been met with her. He
answered that rather than give her to me he would throw her into the

"Ah! you see," concluded Mathieu. "It is understood, is it not? I shall
rely on your good behavior."

Thereupon they went their way, scouring the fields as far as the road to
Mareuil. Coveys of young partridges, still weak on the wing, started up
both to the right and to the left. The shooting would be good. Then as
the father and the son turned homeward, slackening their pace, a long
spell of silence fell between them. They were both reflecting.

"I don't wish that there should be any misunderstanding between us,"
Mathieu suddenly resumed; "you must not imagine that I shall prevent you
from marrying according to your tastes and that I shall require you to
take an heiress. Our poor Blaise married a portionless girl. And it was
the same with Denis; besides which I gave your sister, Claire, in
marriage to Frederic, who was simply one of our farm hands. So I don't
look down on Therese. On the contrary, I think her charming. She's one of
the prettiest girls of the district--not tall, certainly, but so alert
and determined, with her little pink face shining under such a wild crop
of fair hair, that one might think her powdered with all the flour in the

"Yes, isn't that so, father?" interrupted Gregoire enthusiastically. "And
if you only knew how affectionate and courageous she is! She's worth a
man any day. It's wrong of them to smack her, for she will never put up
with it. Whenever she sets her mind on anything she's bound to do it, and
it isn't I who can prevent her."

Absorbed in some reflections of his own, Mathieu scarcely heard his son.

"No, no," he resumed; "I certainly don't look down on their mill. If it
were not for Lepailleur's stupid obstinacy he would be drawing a fortune
from that mill nowadays. Since corn-growing has again been taken up all
over the district, thanks to our victory, he might have got a good pile
of crowns together if he had simply changed the old mechanism of his
wheel which he leaves rotting under the moss. And better still, I should
like to see a good engine there, and a bit of a light railway line
connecting the mill with Janville station."

In this fashion he continued explaining his ideas while Gregoire
listened, again quite lively and taking things in a jesting way.

"Well, father," the young man ended by saying, "as you wish that I should
have a calling, it's settled. If I marry Therese, I'll be a miller."

Mathieu protested in surprise: "No, no, I was merely talking. And
besides, you have promised me, my lad, that you will be reasonable. So
once again, for the sake of the peace and quietness of all of us, leave
Therese alone, for we can only expect to reap worry with the

The conversation ceased and they returned to the farm. That evening,
however, the father told the mother of the young man's confession, and
she, who already entertained various misgivings, felt more anxious than
ever. Still a month went by without anything serious happening.

Then, one morning Marianne was astounded at finding Gregoire's bedroom
empty. As a rule he came to kiss her. Perhaps he had risen early, and had
gone on some excursion in the environs. But she trembled slightly when
she remembered how lovingly he had twice caught her in his arms on the
previous night when they were all retiring to bed. And as she looked
inquisitively round the room she noticed on the mantelshelf a letter
addressed to her--a prettily worded letter in which the young fellow
begged her to forgive him for causing her grief, and asked her to excuse
him with his father, for it was necessary that he should leave them for a
time. Of his reasons for doing so and his purpose, however, no
particulars were given.

This family rending, this bad conduct on the part of the son who had been
the most spoilt of all, and who, in a fit of sudden folly was the first
to break the ties which united the household together, was a very painful
blow for Marianne and Mathieu. They were the more terrified since they
divined that Gregoire had not gone off alone. They pieced together the
incidents of the deplorable affair. Charlotte remembered that she had
heard Gregoire go downstairs again, almost immediately after entering his
bedroom, and before the servants had even bolted the house-doors for the
night. He had certainly rushed off to join Therese in some coppice,
whence they must have hurried away to Vieux-Bourg station which the last
train to Paris quitted at five-and-twenty minutes past midnight. And it
was indeed this which had taken place. At noon the Froments already
learnt that Lepailleur was creating a terrible scandal about the flight
of Therese. He had immediately gone to the gendarmes to shout the story
to them, and demand that they should bring the guilty hussy back, chained
to her accomplice, and both of them with gyves about their wrists.

He on his side had found a letter in his daughter's bedroom, a plucky
letter in which she plainly said that as she had been struck again the
previous day, she had had enough of it, and was going off of her own free
will. Indeed, she added that she was taking Gregoire with her, and was
quite big and old enough, now that she was two-and-twenty, to know what
she was about. Lepailleur's fury was largely due to this letter which he
did not dare to show abroad; besides which, his wife, ever at war with
him respecting their son Antonin, not only roundly abused Therese, but
sneeringly declared that it might all have been expected, and that he,
the father, was the cause of the gad-about's misconduct. After that, they
engaged in fisticuffs; and for a whole week the district did nothing but
talk about the flight of one of the Chantebled lads with the girl of the
mill, to the despair of Mathieu and Marianne, the latter of whom in
particular grieved over the sorry business.

Five days later, a Sunday, matters became even worse. As the search for
the runaways remained fruitless Lepailleur, boiling over with rancor,
went up to the farm, and from the middle of the road--for he did not
venture inside--poured forth a flood of ignoble insults. It so happened
that Mathieu was absent; and Marianne had great trouble to restrain
Gervais as well as Frederic, both of whom wished to thrust the miller's
scurrilous language back into his throat. When Mathieu came home in the
evening he was extremely vexed to hear of what had happened.

"It is impossible for this state of things to continue," he said to his
wife, as they were retiring to rest. "It looks as if we were hiding, as
if we were guilty in the matter. I will go to see that man in the
morning. There is only one thing, and a very simple one, to be done,
those unhappy children must be married. For our part we consent, is it
not so? And it is to that man's advantage to consent also. To-morrow the
matter must be settled."

On the following day, Monday, at two o'clock in the afternoon, Mathieu
set out for the mill. But certain complications, a tragic drama, which he
could not possibly foresee, awaited him there. For years now a stubborn
struggle had been going on between Lepailleur and his wife with respect
to Antonin. While the farmer had grown more and more exasperated with his
son's idleness and life of low debauchery in Paris, the latter had
supported her boy with all the obstinacy of an illiterate woman, who was
possessed of a blind faith in his fine handwriting, and felt convinced
that if he did not succeed in life it was simply because he was refused
the money necessary for that purpose. In spite of her sordid avarice in
some matters, the old woman continued bleeding herself for her son, and
even robbed the house, promptly thrusting out her claws and setting her
teeth ready to bite whenever she was caught in the act, and had to defend
some twenty-franc piece or other, which she had been on the point of
sending away. And each time the battle began afresh, to such a point
indeed that it seemed as if the shaky old mill would some day end by
falling on their heads.

Then, all at once, Antonin, a perfect wreck at thirty-six years of age,
fell seriously ill. Lepailleur forthwith declared that if the scamp had
the audacity to come home he would pitch him over the wheel into the
water. Antonin, however, had no desire to return home; he held the
country in horror and feared, too, that his father might chain him up
like a dog. So his mother placed him with some people of Batignolles,
paying for his board and for the attendance of a doctor of the district.
This had been going on for three months or so, and every fortnight La
Lepailleur went to see her son. She had done so the previous Thursday,
and on the Sunday evening she received a telegram summoning her to
Batignolles again. Thus, on the morning of the day when Mathieu repaired
to the mill, she had once more gone to Paris after a frightful quarrel
with her husband, who asked if their good-for-nothing son ever meant to
cease fooling them and spending their money, when he had not the courage
even to turn a spit of earth.

Alone in the mill that morning Lepailleur did not cease storming. At the
slightest provocation he would have hammered his plough to pieces, or
have rushed, axe in hand, and mad with hatred, on the old wheel by way of
avenging his misfortunes. When he saw Mathieu come in he believed in some
act of bravado, and almost choked.

"Come, neighbor," said the master of Chantebled cordially, "let us both
try to be reasonable. I've come to return your visit, since you called
upon me yesterday. Only, bad words never did good work, and the best
course, since this misfortune has happened, is to repair it as speedily
as possible. When would you have us marry off those bad children?"

Thunderstruck by the quiet good nature of this frontal attack, Lepailleur
did not immediately reply. He had shouted over the house roofs that he
would have no marriage at all, but rather a good lawsuit by way of
sending all the Froments to prison. Nevertheless, when it came to
reflection, a son of the big farmer of Chantebled was not to be disdained
as a son-in-law.

"Marry them, marry them," he stammered at the first moment. "Yes, by
fastening a big stone to both their necks and throwing them together into
the river. Ah! the wretches! I'll skin them, I will, her as well as him."

At last, however, the miller grew calmer and was even showing a
disposition to discuss matters, when all at once an urchin of Janville
came running across the yard.

"What do you want, eh?" called the master of the premises.

"Please, Monsieur Lepailleur, it's a telegram."

"All right, give it here."

The lad, well pleased with the copper he received as a gratuity, had
already gone off, and still the miller, instead of opening the telegram,
stood examining the address on it with the distrustful air of a man who
does not often receive such communications. However, he at last had to
tear it open. It contained but three words: "Your son dead"; and in that
brutal brevity, that prompt, hasty bludgeon-blow, one could detect the
mother's cold rage and eager craving to crush without delay the man, the
father yonder, whom she accused of having caused her son's death, even as
she had accused him of being responsible for her daughter's flight. He
felt this full well, and staggered beneath the shock, stunned by the
words that appeared on that strip of blue paper, reading them again and
again till he ended by understanding them. Then his hands began to
tremble and he burst into oaths.

"Thunder and blazes! What again is this? Here's the boy dying now!
Everything's going to the devil!"

But his heart dilated and tears appeared in his eyes. Unable to remain
standing, he sank upon a chair and again obstinately read the telegram;
"Your son dead--Your son dead," as if seeking something else, the
particulars, indeed, which the message did not contain. Perhaps the boy
had died before his mother's arrival. Or perhaps she had arrived just
before he died. Such were his stammered comments. And he repeated a score
of times that she had taken the train at ten minutes past eleven and must
have reached Batignolles about half-past twelve. As she had handed in the
telegram at twenty minutes past one it seemed more likely that she had
found the lad already dead.

"Curse it! curse it!" he shouted; "a cursed telegram, it tells you
nothing, and it murders you! She might, at all events, have sent
somebody. I shall have to go there. Ah the whole thing's complete, it's
more than a man can bear!"

Lepailleur shouted those words in such accents of rageful despair that
Mathieu, full of compassion, made bold to intervene. The sudden shock of
the tragedy had staggered him, and he had hitherto waited in silence. But
now he offered his services and spoke of accompanying the other to Paris.
He had to retreat, however, for the miller rose to his feet, seized with
wild exasperation at perceiving him still there in his house.

"Ah! yes, you came; and what was it you were saying to me? That we ought
to marry off those wretched children? Well, you can see that I'm in
proper trim for a wedding! My boy's dead! You've chosen your day well. Be
off with you, be off with you, I say, if you don't want me to do
something dreadful!"

He raised his fists, quite maddened as he was by the presence of Mathieu
at that moment when his whole life was wrecked. It was terrible indeed
that this bourgeois who had made a fortune by turning himself into a
peasant should be there at the moment when he so suddenly learnt the
death of Antonin, that son whom he had dreamt of turning into a Monsieur
by filling his mind with disgust of the soil and sending him to rot of
idleness and vice in Paris! It enraged him to find that he had erred,
that the earth whom he had slandered, whom he had taxed with decrepitude
and barrenness was really a living, youthful, and fruitful spouse to the
man who knew how to love her! And nought but ruin remained around him,
thanks to his imbecile resolve to limit his family: a foul life had
killed his only son, and his only daughter had gone off with a scion of
the triumphant farm, while he was now utterly alone, weeping and howling
in his deserted mill, that mill which he had likewise disdained and which
was crumbling around him with old age.

"You hear me!" he shouted. "Therese may drag herself at my feet; but I
will never, never give her to your thief of a son! You'd like it,
wouldn't you? so that folks might mock me all over the district, and so
that you might eat me up as you have eaten up all the others!"

This finish to it all had doubtless appeared to him, confusedly, in a
sudden threatening vision: Antonin being dead, it was Gregoire who would
possess the mill, if he should marry Therese. And he would possess the
moorland also, that enclosure, hitherto left barren with such savage
delight, and so passionately coveted by the farm. And doubtless he would
cede it to the farm as soon as he should be the master. The thought that
Chantebled might yet be increased by the fields which he, Lepailleur, had
withheld from it brought the miller's delirious rage to a climax.

"Your son, I'll send him to the galleys! And you, if you don't go, I'll
throw you out! Be off with you, be off!"

Mathieu, who was very pale, slowly retired before this furious madman.
But as he went off he calmly said: "You are an unhappy man. I forgive
you, for you are in great grief. Besides, I am quite easy, sensible
things always end by taking place."

Again, a month went by. Then, one rainy morning in October, Madame
Lepailleur was found hanging in the mill stable. There were folks at
Janville who related that Lepailleur had hung her there. The truth was
that she had given signs of melancholia ever since the death of Antonin.
Moreover, the life led at the mill was no longer bearable; day by day the
husband and wife reproached one another for their son's death and their
daughter's flight, battling ragefully together like two abandoned beasts
shut up in the same cage. Folks were merely astonished that such a harsh,
avaricious woman should have been willing to quit this life without
taking her goods and chattels with her.

As soon as Therese heard of her mother's death she hastened home,
repentant, and took her place beside her father again, unwilling as she
was that he should remain alone in his two-fold bereavement. At first it
proved a terrible time for her in the company of that brutal old man who
was exasperated by what he termed his bad luck. But she was a girl of
sterling courage and prompt decision; and thus, after a few weeks, she
had made her father consent to her marriage with Gregoire, which, as
Mathieu had said, was the only sensible course. The news gave great
relief at the farm whither the prodigal son had not yet dared to return.
It was believed that the young couple, after eloping together, had lived
in some out of the way district of Paris, and it was even suspected that
Ambroise, who was liberally minded, had, in a brotherly way, helped them
with his purse. And if, on the one hand, Lepailleur consented to the
marriage in a churlish, distrustful manner--like one who deemed himself
robbed, and was simply influenced by the egotistical dread of some day
finding himself quite alone again in his gloomy house--Mathieu and
Marianne, on the other side, were delighted with an arrangement which put
an end to an equivocal situation that had caused them the greatest
suffering, grieved as they were by the rebellion of one of their

Curiously enough, it came to pass that Gregoire, once married and
installed at the mill in accordance with his wife's desire, agreed with
his father-in-law far better than had been anticipated. This resulted in
particular from a certain discussion during which Lepailleur had wished
to make Gregoire swear, that, after his death, he would never dispose of
the moorland enclosure, hitherto kept uncultivated with peasant
stubbornness, to any of his brothers or sisters of the farm. Gregoire
took no oath on the subject, but gayly declared that he was not such a
fool as to despoil his wife of the best part of her inheritance,
particularly as he proposed to cultivate those moors and, within two or
three years' time, make them the most fertile land in the district. That
which belonged to him did not belong to others, and people would soon see
that he was well able to defend the property which had fallen to his lot.
Things took a similar course with respect to the mill, where Gregoire at
first contented himself with repairing the old mechanism, for he was
unwilling to upset the miller's habits all at once, and therefore
postponed until some future time the installation of an engine, and the
laying down of a line of rails to Janville station--all those ideas
formerly propounded by Mathieu which henceforth fermented in his
audacious young mind.

In this wise, then, people found themselves in presence of a new
Gregoire. The madcap had become wise, only retaining of his youthful
follies the audacity which is needful for successful enterprise. And it
must be said that he was admirably seconded by the fair and energetic
Therese. They were both enraptured at now being free to love each other
in the romantic old mill, garlanded with ivy, pending the time when they
would resolutely fling it to the ground to install in its place the great
white meal stores and huge new mill-stones, which, with their conquering
ambition, they often dreamt of.

During the years that followed, Mathieu and Marianne witnessed other
departures. The three daughters, Louise, Madeleine, and Marguerite, in
turn took their flight from the family nest. All three found husbands in
the district. Louise, a plump brunette, all gayety and health, with
abundant hair and large laughing eyes, married notary Mazaud of Janville,
a quiet, pensive little man, whose occasional silent smiles alone denoted
the perfect satisfaction which he felt at having found a wife of such
joyous disposition. Then Madeleine, whose chestnut tresses were tinged
with gleaming gold, and who was slimmer than her sister, and of a more
dreamy style of beauty, her character and disposition refined by her
musical tastes, made a love match which was quite a romance. Herbette,
the architect, who became her husband, was a handsome, elegant man,
already celebrated; he owned near Monvel a park-like estate, where he
came to rest at times from the fatigue of his labors in Paris.

At last, Marguerite, the least pretty of the girls--indeed, she was quite
plain, but derived a charm from her infinite goodness of heart--was
chosen in marriage by Dr. Chambouvet, a big, genial, kindly fellow, who
had inherited his father's practice at Vieux-Bourg, where he lived in a
large white house, which had become the resort of the poor. And thus the
three girls being married, the only ones who remained with Mathieu and
Marianne in the slowly emptying nest were their two last boys, Nicolas
and Benjamin.

At the same time, however, as the youngsters flew away and installed
themselves elsewhere, there came other little ones, a constant swarming
due to the many family marriages. In eight years, Denis, who reigned at
the factory in Paris, had been presented by his wife with three children,
two boys, Lucien and Paul, and a girl, Hortense. Then Leonce, the son of
Ambroise, who was conquering such a high position in the commercial
world, now had a brother, Charles, and two little sisters, Pauline and
Sophie. At the farm, moreover, Gervais was already the father of two
boys, Leon and Henri, while Claire, his sister, could count three
children, a boy, Joseph, and two daughters, Lucile and Angele. There was
also Gregoire, at the mill, with a big boy who had received the name of
Robert; and there were also the three last married daughters--Louise,
with a girl two years old; Madeleine, with a boy six months of age; and
Marguerite, who in anticipation of a happy event, had decided to call her
child Stanislas, if it were a boy, and Christine, if it should be a girl.

Thus upon every side the family oak spread out its branches, its trunk
forking and multiplying, and boughs sprouting from boughs at each
successive season. And withal Mathieu was not yet sixty, and Marianne not
yet fifty-seven. Both still possessed flourishing health, and strength,
and gayety, and were ever in delight at seeing the family, which had
sprung from them, thus growing and spreading, invading all the country
around, even like a forest born from a single tree.

But the great and glorious festival of Chantebled at that period was the
birth of Mathieu and Marianne's first great-grandchild--a girl, called
Angeline, daughter of their granddaughter, Berthe. In this little girl,
all pink and white, the ever-regretted Blaise seemed to live again. So
closely did she resemble him that Charlotte, his widow, already a
grandmother in her forty-second year, wept with emotion at the sight of
her. Madame Desvignes had died six months previously, passing away, even
as she had lived, gently and discreetly, at the termination of her task,
which had chiefly consisted in rearing her two daughters on the scanty
means at her disposal. Still it was she, who, before quitting the scene,
had found a husband for her granddaughter, Berthe, in the person of
Philippe Havard, a young engineer who had recently been appointed
assistant-manager at a State factory near Mareuil. It was at Chantebled,
however, that Berthe's little Angeline was born; and on the day of the
churching, the whole family assembled together there once more to glorify
the great-grandfather and great-grandmother.

"Ah! well," said Marianne gayly, as she stood beside the babe's cradle,
"if the young ones fly away there are others born, and so the nest will
never be empty."

"Never, never!" repeated Mathieu with emotion, proud as he felt of that
continual victory over solitude and death. "We shall never be left

Yet there came another departure which brought them many tears. Nicolas,
the youngest but one of their boys, who was approaching his twentieth
birthday, and thus nigh the cross-roads of life, had not yet decided
which one he would follow. He was a dark, sturdy young man, with an open,
laughing face. As a child, he had adored tales of travel and far-away
adventure, and had always evinced great courage and endurance, returning
home enraptured from interminable rambles, and never uttering complaints,
however badly his feet might be blistered. And withal he possessed a most
orderly mind, ever carefully arranging and classifying his little
belongings in his drawers, and looking down with contempt on the
haphazard way in which his sisters kept their things.

Later on, as he grew up, he became thoughtful, as if he were vainly
seeking around him some means of realizing his two-fold craving, that of
discovering some new land and organizing it properly. One of the
last-born of a numerous family, he no longer found space enough for the
amplitude and force of his desires. His brothers and sisters had already
taken all the surrounding lands, and he stifled, threatened also, as it
were, with famine, and ever sought the broad expanse that he dreamt of,
where he might grow and reap his bread. No more room, no more food! At
first he knew not in which direction to turn, but groped and hesitated
for some months. Nevertheless, his hearty laughter continued to gladden
the house; he wearied neither his father nor his mother with the care of
his destiny, for he knew that he was already strong enough to fix it

There was no corner left for him at the farm where Gervais and Claire
took up all the room. At the Beauchene works Denis was all sufficient,
reigning there like a conscientious toiler, and nothing justified a
younger brother in claiming a share beside him. At the mill, too,
Gregoire was as yet barely established, and his kingdom was so small that
he could not possibly cede half of it. Thus an opening was only possible
with Ambroise, and Nicolas ended by accepting an obliging offer which the
latter made to take him on trial for a few months, by way of initiating
him into the higher branches of commerce. Ambroise's fortune was becoming
prodigious since old uncle Du Hordel had died, leaving him his commission
business. Year by year the new master increased his trade with all the
countries of the world. Thanks to his lucky audacity and broad
international views, he was enriching himself with the spoils of the
earth. And though Nicolas again began to stifle in Ambroise's huge
store-houses, where the riches of distant countries, the most varied
climes, were collected together, it was there that his real vocation came
to him; for a voice suddenly arose, calling him away yonder to dim,
unknown regions, vast stretches of country yet sterile, which needed to
be populated, and cleared and sowed with the crops of the future.

For two months Nicolas kept silent respecting the designs which he was
now maturing. He was extremely discreet, as are all men of great energy,
who reflect before they act. He must go, that was certain, since neither
space nor sufficiency of sunlight remained for him in the cradle of his
birth; but if he went off alone, would that not be going in an imperfect
state, deficient in the means needed for the heroic task of populating
and clearing a new land? He knew a girl of Janville, one Lisbeth Moreau,
who was tall and strong, and whose robust health, seriousness, and
activity had charmed him. She was nineteen years of age, and, like
Nicolas, she stifled in the little nook to which destiny had confined
her; for she craved for the free and open air, yonder, afar off. An
orphan, and long dependent on an aunt, who was simply a little village
haberdasher, she had hitherto, from feelings of affection, remained
cloistered in a small and gloomy shop. But her aunt had lately died,
leaving her some ten thousand francs, and her dream was to sell the
little business, and go away and really live at last. One October
evening, when Nicolas and Lisbeth told one another things that they had
never previously told anybody, they came to an understanding. They
resolutely took each other's hand and plighted their troth for life, for
the hard battle of creating a new world, a new family, somewhere on the
earth's broad surface, in those mysterious, far away climes of which they
knew so little. 'Twas a delightful betrothal, full of courage and faith.

Only then, everything having been settled, did Nicolas speak out,
announcing his departure to his father and mother. It was an autumn
evening, still mild, but fraught with winter's first shiver, and the
twilight was falling. Intense grief wrung the parents' hearts as soon as
they understood their son. This time it was not simply a young one flying
from the family nest to build his own on some neighboring tree of the
common forest; it was flight across the seas forever, severance without
hope of return. They would see their other children again, but this one
was breathing an eternal farewell. Their consent would be the share of
cruel sacrifice, that life demands, their supreme gift to life, the tithe
levied by life on their affection and their blood. To pursue its victory,
life, the perpetual conqueror, demanded this portion of their flesh, this
overplus of the numerous family, which was overflowing, spreading,
peopling the world. And what could they answer, how could they refuse?
The son who was unprovided for took himself off; nothing could be more
logical or more sensible. Far beyond the fatherland there were vast
continents yet uninhabited, and the seed which is scattered by the
breezes of heaven knows no frontiers. Beyond the race there is mankind
with that endless spreading of humanity that is leading us to the one
fraternal people of the accomplished times, when the whole earth shall be
but one sole city of truth and justice.

Moreover, quite apart from the great dream of those seers, the poets,
Nicolas, like a practical man, whatever his enthusiasm, gayly gave his
reasons for departing. He did not wish to be a parasite; he was setting
off to the conquest of another land, where he would grow the bread he
needed, since his own country had no field left for him. Besides, he took
his country with him in his blood; she it was that he wished to enlarge
afar off with unlimited increase of wealth and strength. It was ancient
Africa, the mysterious, now explored, traversed from end to end, that
attracted him. In the first instance he intended to repair to Senegal,
whence he would doubtless push on to the Soudan, to the very heart of the
virgin lands where he dreamt of a new France, an immense colonial empire,
which would rejuvenate the old Gallic race by endowing it with its due
share of the earth. And it was there that he had the ambition of carving
out a kingdom for himself, and of founding with Lisbeth another dynasty
of Froments, and a new Chantebled, covering under the hot sun a tract ten
times as extensive as the old one, and peopled with the people of his own
children. And he spoke of all this with such joyous courage that Mathieu
and Marianne ended by smiling amid their tears, despite the rending of
their poor hearts.

"Go, my lad, we cannot keep you back. Go wherever life calls you,
wherever you may live with more health and joy and strength. All that may
spring from you yonder will still be health and joy and strength derived
from us, of which we shall be proud. You are right, one must not weep,
your departure must be a fete, for the family does not separate, it
simply extends, invades, and conquers the world."

Nevertheless, on the day of farewell, after the marriage of Nicolas and
Lisbeth there was an hour of painful emotion at Chantebled. The family
had met to share a last meal all together, and when the time came for the
young and adventurous couple to tear themselves from the maternal soil
there were those who sobbed although they had vowed to be very brave.
Nicolas and Lisbeth were going off with little means, but rich in hopes.
Apart from the ten thousand francs of the wife's dowry they had only been
willing to take another ten thousand, just enough to provide for the
first difficulties. Might courage and labor therefore prove sturdy
artisans of conquest.

Young Benjamin, the last born of the brothers Froment, was particularly
upset by this departure. He was a delicate, good-looking child not yet
twelve years old, whom his parents greatly spoiled, thinking that he was
weak. And they were quite determined that they would at all events keep
him with them, so handsome did they find him with his soft limpid eyes
and beautiful curly hair. He was growing up in a languid way, dreamy,
petted, idle among his mother's skirts, like the one charming weakling of
that strong, hardworking family.

"Let me kiss you again, my good Nicolas," said he to his departing
brother. "When will you come back?"

"Never, my little Benjamin."

The boy shuddered.

"Never, never!" he repeated. "Oh! that's too long. Come back, come back
some day, so that I may kiss you again."

"Never," repeated Nicolas, turning pale himself. "Never, never."

He had lifted up the lad, whose tears were raining fast; and then for all
came the supreme grief, the frightful moment of the hatchet-stroke, of
the separation which was to be eternal.

"Good-by, little brother! Good-by, good-by, all of you!"

While Mathieu accompanied the future conqueror to the door for the last
time wishing him victory, Benjamin in wild grief sought a refuge beside
his mother who was blinded by her tears. And she caught him up with a
passionate clasp, as if seized with fear that he also might leave her. He
was the only one now left to them in the family nest.


AT the factory, in her luxurious house on the quay, where she had long
reigned as sovereign mistress, Constance for twelve years already had
been waiting for destiny, remaining rigid and stubborn amid the continual
crumbling of her life and hopes.

During those twelve years Beauchene had pursued a downward course, the
descent of which was fatal. He was right at the bottom now, in the last
state of degradation. After beginning simply as a roving husband,
festively inclined, he had ended by living entirely away from his home,
principally in the company of two women, aunt and niece. He was now but a
pitiful human rag, fast approaching some shameful death. And large as his
fortune had been, it had not sufficed him; as he grew older he had
squandered money yet more and more lavishly, immense sums being swallowed
up in disreputable adventures, the scandal of which it had been necessary
to stifle. Thus he at last found himself poor, receiving but a small
portion of the ever-increasing profits of the works, which were in full

This was the disaster which brought so much suffering to Constance in her
incurable pride. Beauchene, since the death of his son, had quite
abandoned himself to a dissolute life, thinking of nothing but his
pleasures, and taking no further interest in his establishment. What was
the use of defending it, since there was no longer an heir to whom it
might be transmitted, enlarged and enriched? And thus he had surrendered
it, bit by bit, to Denis, his partner, whom, by degrees, he allowed to
become the sole master. On arriving at the works, Denis had possessed but
one of the six shares which represented the totality of the property
according to the agreement. And Beauchene had even reserved to himself
the right of repurchasing that share within a certain period. But far
from being in a position to do so before the appointed date was passed,
he had been obliged to cede yet another share to the young man, in order
to free himself of debts which he could not confess.

From that time forward it became a habit with Beauchene to cede Denis a
fresh share every two years. A third followed the second, then came the
turn of the fourth and the fifth, in such wise, indeed, that after a
final arrangement, he had not even kept a whole share for himself; but
simply some portion of the sixth. And even that was really fictitious,
for Denis had only acknowledged it in order to have a pretext for
providing him with a certain income, which, by the way, he subdivided,
handing half of it to Constance every month.

She, therefore, was ignorant of nothing. She knew that, as a matter of
fact, the works would belong to that son of the hated Froments, whenever
he might choose to close the doors on their old master, who, as it
happened, was never seen now in the workshops. True, there was a clause
in the covenant which admitted, so long as that covenant should not be
broken, the possibility of repurchasing all the shares at one and the
same time. Was it, then, some mad hope of doing this, a fervent belief in
a miracle, in the possibility of some saviour descending from Heaven,
that kept Constance thus rigid and stubborn, awaiting destiny? Those
twelve years of vain waiting--and increasing decline did not seem to have
diminished her conviction that in spite of everything she would some day
triumph. No doubt her tears had gushed forth at Chantebled in presence of
the victory of Mathieu and Marianne; but she soon recovered her
self-possession, and lived on in the hope that some unexpected occurrence
would at last prove that she, the childless woman, was in the right.

She could not have said precisely what it was she wished; she was simply
bent on remaining alive until misfortune should fall upon the
over-numerous family, to exculpate her for what had happened in her own
home, the loss of her son who was in the grave, and the downfall of her
husband who was in the gutter--all the abomination, indeed, which had
been so largely wrought by herself, but which filled her with agony.
However much her heart might bleed over her losses, her vanity as an
honest bourgeoise filled her with rebellious thoughts, for she could not
admit that she had been in the wrong. And thus she awaited the revenge of
destiny in that luxurious house, which was far too large now that she
alone inhabited it. She only occupied the rooms on the first floor, where
she shut herself up for days together with an old serving woman, the sole
domestic that she had retained. Gowned in black, as if bent on wearing
eternal mourning for Maurice, always erect, stiff, and haughtily silent,
she never complained, although her covert exasperation had greatly
affected her heart, in such wise that she experienced at times most
terrible attacks of stifling. These she kept as secret as possible, and
one day when the old servant ventured to go for Doctor Boutan she
threatened her with dismissal. She would not even answer the doctor, and
she refused to take any remedies, certain as she felt that she would last
as long as the hope which buoyed her up.

Yet what anguish it was when she suddenly began to stifle, all alone in
the empty house, without son or husband near her! She called nobody since
she knew that nobody would come. And the attack over, with what
unconquerable obstinacy did she rise erect again, repeating that her
presence sufficed to prevent Denis from being the master, from reigning
alone in full sovereignty, and that in any case he would not have the
house and install himself in it like a conqueror, so long as she had not
sunk to death under the final collapse of the ceilings.

Amid this retired life, Constance, haunted as she was by her fixed idea,
had no other occupation than that of watching the factory, and
ascertaining what went on there day by day. Morange, whom she had made
her confidant, gave her information in all simplicity almost every
evening, when he came to speak to her for a moment after leaving his
office. She learnt everything from his lips--the successive sales of the
shares into which the property had been divided, their gradual
acquisition by Denis, and the fact that Beauchene and herself were
henceforth living on the new master's liberality. Moreover, she so
organized her system of espionage as to make the old accountant tell her
unwittingly all that he knew of the private life led by Denis, his wife
Marthe, and their children, Lucien, Paul, and Hortense all, indeed, that
was done and said in the modest little pavilion where the young people,
in spite of their increasing fortune, were still residing, evincing no
ambitious haste to occupy the large house on the quay. They did not even
seem to notice what scanty accommodation they had in that pavilion, while
she alone dwelt in the gloomy mansion, which was so spacious that she
seemed quite lost in it. And she was enraged, too, by their deference, by
the tranquil way in which they waited for her to be no more; for she had
been unable to make them quarrel with her, and was obliged to show
herself grateful for the means they gave her, and to kiss their children,
whom she hated, when they brought her flowers.

Thus, months and years went by, and almost every evening when Morange for
a moment called on Constance, he found her in the same little silent
salon, gowned in the same black dress, and stiffened into a posture of
obstinate expectancy. Though no sign was given of destiny's revenge, of
the patiently hoped-for fall of misfortune upon others, she never seemed
to doubt of her ultimate victory. On the contrary, when things fell more
and more heavily upon her, she drew herself yet more erect, defying fate,
buoyed up by the conviction that it would at last be forced to prove that
she was right. Thus, she remained immutable, superior to fatigue, and
ever relying on a prodigy.

Each evening, when Morange called during those twelve years, the
conversation invariably began in the same way.

"Nothing fresh since yesterday, dear madame?"

"No, my friend, nothing."

"Well, the chief thing is to enjoy good health. One can wait for better

"Oh! nobody enjoys good health; still one waits all the same."

And now one evening, at the end of the twelve years, as Morange went in
to see her, he detected that the atmosphere of the little drawing-room
was changed, quivering as it were with restrained delight amid the
eternal silence.

"Nothing fresh since yesterday, dear madame?"

"Yes, my friend, there's something fresh."

"Something favorable I hope, then; something pleasant that you have been
waiting for?"

"Something that I have been waiting for--yes! What one knows how to wait
for always comes."

He looked at her in surprise, feeling almost anxious when he saw how
altered she was, with glittering eyes and quick gestures. What fulfilment
of her desires, after so many years of immutable mourning, could have
resuscitated her like that? She smiled, she breathed vigorously, as if
she were relieved of the enormous weight which had so long crushed and
immured her. But when he asked the cause of her great happiness she said:

"I will not tell you yet, my friend. Perhaps I do wrong to rejoice; for
everything is still very vague and doubtful. Only somebody told me this
morning certain things, which I must make sure of, and think over. When I
have done so I shall confide in you, you may rely on it, for I tell you
everything; besides which, I shall no doubt need your help. So have a
little patience, some evening you shall come to dinner with me here, and
we shall have the whole evening before us to chat at our ease. But ah!
_mon Dieu_! if it were only true, if it were only the miracle at last!"

More than three weeks elapsed before Morange heard anything further. He
saw that Constance was very thoughtful and very feverish, but he did not
even question her, absorbed as he himself was in the solitary, not to say
automatic, life which he had made for himself. He had lately completed
his sixty-ninth year; thirty years had gone by since the death of his
wife Valerie, more than twenty since his daughter Reine had joined her,
and he still ever lived on in his methodical, punctual manner, amid the
downfall of his existence. Never had man suffered more than he, passed
through greater tragedies, experienced keener remorse, and withal he came
and went in a careful, correct way, ever and ever prolonging his career
of mediocrity, like one whom many may have forgotten, but whom keenness
of grief has preserved.

Nevertheless Morange had evidently sustained some internal damage of a
nature to cause anxiety. He was lapsing into the most singular manias.
While obstinately retaining possession of the over-large flat which he
had formerly occupied with his wife and daughter, he now lived there
absolutely alone; for he had dismissed his servant, and did his own
marketing, cooking, and cleaning. For ten years nobody but himself had
been inside his rooms, and the most filthy neglect was suspected there.
But in vain did the landlord speak of repairs, he was not allowed even to
cross the threshold. Moreover, although the old accountant, who was now
white as snow, with a long, streaming beard, remained scrupulously clean
of person, he wore a most wretched threadbare coat, which he must have
spent his evenings in repairing. Such, too, was his maniacal, sordid
avarice that he no longer spent a farthing on himself apart from the
money which he paid for his bread--bread of the commonest kind, which he
purchased every four days and ate when it was stale, in order that he
might make it last the longer. This greatly puzzled the people who were
acquainted with him, and never a week went by without the house-porter
propounding the question: "When a gentleman of such quiet habits earns
eight thousand francs a year at his office and never spends a cent, what
can he do with his money?" Some folks even tried to reckon up the amount
which Morange must be piling in some corner, and thought that it might
perhaps run to some hundreds of thousands of francs.

But more serious trouble declared itself. He was twice snatched away from
certain death. One day, when Denis was returning homewards across the
Grenelle bridge he perceived Morange leaning far over the parapet,
watching the flow of the water, and all ready to make a plunge if he had
not been grasped by his coat-tails. The poor man, on recovering his
self-possession, began to laugh in his gentle way, and talked of having
felt giddy. Then, on another occasion, at the works, Victor Moineaud
pushed him away from some machinery in motion at the very moment when, as
if hypnotized, he was about to surrender himself to its devouring
clutches. Then he again smiled, and acknowledged that he had done wrong
in passing so near to the wheels. After this he was watched, for people
came to the conclusion that he occasionally lost his head. If Denis
retained him as chief accountant, this was, firstly, from a feeling of
gratitude for his long services; but, apart from that matter, the
extraordinary thing was that Morange had never discharged his duties more
ably, obstinately tracing every doubtful centime in his books, and
displaying the greatest accuracy over the longest additions. Always
showing a calm and restful face, as though no tempest had ever assailed
his heart, he clung tightly to his mechanical life, like a discreet
maniac, who, though people might not know it, ought, perhaps, to have
been placed under restraint.

At the same time, it should be mentioned that for some few years already
there had been quite a big affair in Morange's life. Although he was
Constance's confidant, although she had made him her creature by the
force of her despotic will, he had gradually conceived the greatest
affection for Denis's daughter, Hortense. As this child grew up, he
fancied that he found in her his own long-mourned daughter, Reine. She
had recently completed her ninth year, and each time that Morange met her
he was thrown into a state of emotion and adoration, the more touching
since it was all a divine illusion on his part, for the two girls in no
wise resembled each other, the one having been extremely dark, and the
other being nearly fair. In spite of his terrible avarice, the accountant
loaded Hortense with dolls and sweetmeats on every possible occasion; and
at last his affection for the child absorbed him to such a degree that
Constance felt offended by it. She thereupon gave him to understand that
whosoever was not entirely on her side was, in reality, against her.

To all appearance, he made his submission; in reality, he only loved the
child the more for the thwarting of his passion, and he watched for her
in order to kiss her in secret. In his daily intercourse with Constance,
in showing apparent fidelity to the former mistress of the works, he now
simply yielded to fear, like the poor weak being he was, one whom
Constance had ever bent beneath her stern hand. The pact between them was
an old one, it dated from that monstrous thing which they alone knew,
that complicity of which they never spoke, but which bound them so
closely together.

He, with his weak, good nature, seemed from that day to have remained
annihilated, tamed, cowed like a frightened animal. Since that day, too,
he had learnt many other things, and now no secret of the house remained
unknown to him. This was not surprising. He had been living there so many
years. He had so often walked to and fro with his short, discreet,
maniacal step, hearing, seeing, and surprising everything! However, this
madman, who knew the truth and who remained silent--this madman, left
free amid the mysterious drama enacted in the Beauchenes' home, was
gradually coming to a rebellious mood, particularly since he was
compelled to hide himself to kiss his little friend Hortense. His heart
growled at the thought of it, and he felt ready to explode should his
passion be interfered with.

All at once, one evening, Constance kept him to dinner. And he suspected
that the hour of her revelations had come, on seeing how she quivered and
how erectly she carried her little figure, like a fighter henceforth
certain of victory. Nevertheless, although the servant left them alone
after bringing in at one journey the whole of the frugal repast, she did
not broach the great affair at table. She spoke of the factory and then
of Denis and his wife Marthe, whom she criticised, and she was even so
foolish as to declare that Hortense was badly behaved, ugly, and
destitute of grace. The accountant, like the coward he was, listened to
her, never daring to protest in spite of the irritation and rebellion of
his whole being.

"Well, we shall see," she said at last, "when one and all are put back
into their proper places."

Then she waited until they returned to the little drawing-room, and the
doors were shut behind them; and it was only then, near the fire, amid
the deep silence of the winter evening, that she spoke out on the subject
which she had at heart:

"As I think I have already told you, my friend, I have need of you. You
must obtain employment at the works for a young man in whom I am
interested. And if you desire to please me, you will even take him into
your own office."

Morange, who was seated in front of her on the other side of the
chimney-piece, gave her a look of surprise.

"But I am not the master," he replied; "apply to the master, he will
certainly do whatever you ask."

"No, I do not wish to be indebted to Denis in any way. Besides, that
would not suit my plans. You yourself must recommend the young man, and
take him as an assistant, coaching him and giving him a post under you.
Come, you surely have the power to choose a clerk. Besides, I insist on

She spoke like a sovereign, and he bowed his back, for he had obeyed
people all his life; first his wife, then his daughter, and now that
dethroned old queen who terrified him in spite of the dim feeling of
rebellion which had been growing within him for some time past.

"No doubt, I might take the young man on," he said, "but who is he?"

Constance did not immediately reply. She had turned towards the fire,
apparently for the purpose of raising a log of wood with the tongs, but
in reality to give herself time for further reflection. What good would
it do to tell him everything at once? She would some day be forced to
tell it him, if she wished to have him entirely on her side; but there
was no hurry, and she fancied that it would be skilful policy if at
present she merely prepared the ground.

"He is a young man whose position has touched me, on account of certain
recollections," she replied. "Perhaps you remember a girl who worked
here--oh! a very long time ago, some thirty years at the least--a certain
Norine Moineaud, one of old Moineaud's daughters."

Morange had hastily raised his head, and as sudden light flashed on his
memory he looked at Constance with dilated eyes. Before he could even
weigh his words he let everything escape him in a cry of surprise:
"Alexandre-Honore, Norine's son, the child of Rougemont!"

Quite thunderstruck by those words, Constance dropped the tongs she was
holding, and gazed into the old man's eyes, diving to the very depths of
his soul.

"Ah! you know, then!" she said. "What is it you know? You must tell me;
hide nothing. Speak! I insist on it!"

What he knew? Why, he knew everything. He spoke slowly and at length, as
from the depths of a dream. He had witnessed everything, learnt
everything--Norine's trouble, the money given by Beauchene to provide for
her at Madame Bourdieu's, the child carried to the Foundling Hospital and
then put out to nurse at Rougemont, whence he had fled after stealing
three hundred francs. And the old accountant was even aware that the
young scamp, after stranding on the pavement of Paris, had led the vilest
of lives there.

"But who told you all that? How do you know all that?" cried Constance,
who felt full of anxiety.

He waved his arm with a vague, sweeping gesture, as if to take in all the
surrounding atmosphere, the whole house. He knew those things because
they were things pertaining to the place, which people had told him of,
or which he had guessed. He could no longer remember exactly how they had
reached him. But he knew them well.

"You understand," said he, "when one has been in a place for more than
thirty years, things end by coming to one naturally. I know everything,

Constance started and deep silence fell. He, with his eyes fixed on the
embers, had sunk back into the dolorous past. She reflected that it was,
after all, preferable that the position should be perfectly plain. Since
he was acquainted with everything, it was only needful that she, with all
determination and bravery, should utilize him as her docile instrument.

"Alexandre-Honore, the child of Rougemont," she said. "Yes! that is the
young man whom I have at last found again. But are you also aware of the
steps which I took twelve years ago, when I despaired of finding him, and
actually thought him dead?"

Morange nodded affirmatively, and she again went on speaking, relating
that she had long since renounced her old plans, when all at once destiny
had revealed itself to her.

"Imagine a flash of lightning!" she exclaimed. "It was on the morning of
the day when you found me so moved! My sister-in-law, Seraphine, who does
not call on me four times a year, came here, to my great surprise, at ten
o'clock. She has become very strange, as you are aware, and I did not at
first pay any attention to the story which she began to relate to me--the
story of a young man whom she had become acquainted with through some
lady--an unfortunate young man who had been spoilt by bad company, and
whom one might save by a little help. Then what a blow it was, my friend,
when she all at once spoke out plainly, and told me of the discovery
which she had made by chance. I tell you, it is destiny awaking and

The story was indeed curious. Prematurely aged though she was, Seraphine,
amid her growing insanity, continued to lead a wild, rackety life, and
the strangest stories were related of her. A singular caprice of hers,
given her own viciousness, was to join, as a lady patroness, a society
whose purpose was to succor and moralize young offenders on their release
from prison. And it was in this wise that she had become acquainted with
Alexandre-Honore, now a big fellow of two-and-thirty, who had just
completed a term of six years' imprisonment. He had ended by telling her
his true story, speaking of Rougemont, naming Norine his mother, and
relating the fruitless efforts that he had made in former years to
discover his father, who was some immensely wealthy man. In the midst of
it, Seraphine suddenly understood everything, and in particular why it
was that his face had seemed so familiar to her. His striking resemblance
to Beauchene sufficed to throw a vivid light upon the question of his
parentage. For fear of worry, she herself told him nothing, but as she
remembered how passionately Constance had at one time striven to find
him, she went to her and acquainted her with her discovery.

"He knows nothing as yet," Constance explained to Morange. "My
sister-in-law will simply send him here as if to a lady friend who will
find him a good situation. It appears that he now asks nothing better
than to work. If he has misconducted himself, the unhappy fellow, there
have been many excuses for it! And, besides, I will answer for him as
soon as he is in my hands; he will then only do as I tell him."

All that Constance knew respecting Alexandre's recent years was a story
which he had concocted and retailed to Seraphine--a story to the effect
that he owed his long term of imprisonment to a woman, the real culprit,
who had been his mistress and whom he had refused to denounce. Of course
that imprisonment, whatever its cause, only accounted for six out of the
twelve years which had elapsed since his disappearance, and the six
others, of which he said nothing, might conceal many an act of ignominy
and crime. On the other hand, imprisonment at least seemed to have had a
restful effect on him; he had emerged from his long confinement, calmer
and keener-witted, with the intention of spoiling his life no longer. And
cleansed, clad, and schooled by Seraphine, he had almost become a
presentable young man.

Morange at last looked up from the glowing embers, at which he had been
staring so fixedly.

"Well, what do you want to do with him?" he inquired. "Does he write a
decent hand?"

"Yes, his handwriting is good. No doubt, however, he knows very little.
It is for that reason that I wish to intrust him to you. You will polish
him up for me and make him conversant with everything. My desire is that
in a year or two he should know everything about the factory, like a

At that last word which enlightened him, the accountant's good sense
suddenly awoke. Amid the manias which were wrecking his mind, he had
remained a man of figures with a passion for arithmetical accuracy, and
he protested.

"Well, madame, since you wish me to assist you, pray tell me everything;
tell me in what work we can employ this young man here. Really now, you
surely cannot hope through him to regain possession of the factory,
re-purchase the shares, and become sole owner of the place?"

Then, with the greatest logic and clearness, he showed how foolish such a
dream would be, enumerating figures and fully setting forth how large a
sum of money would be needed to indemnify Denis, who was installed in the
place like a conqueror.

"Besides, dear madame, I don't understand why you should take that young
man rather than another. He has no legal rights, as you must be aware. He
could never be anything but a stranger here, and I should prefer an
intelligent, honest man, acquainted with our line of business."

Constance had set to work poking the fire logs with the tongs. When she
at last looked up she thrust her face towards the other's, and said in a
low voice, but violently: "Alexandre is my husband's son, he is the heir.
He is not the stranger. The stranger is that Denis, that son of the
Froments, who has robbed us of our property! You rend my heart; you make
it bleed, my friend, by forcing me to tell you this."

The answer she thus gave was the answer of a conservative bourgeoise, who
held that it would be more just if the inheritance should go to an
illegitimate scion of the house rather than to a stranger. Doubtless the
woman, the wife, the mother within her, bled even as she herself
acknowledged, but she sacrificed everything to her rancor; she would
drive the stranger away even if in doing so her own flesh should be
lacerated. Then, too, it vaguely seemed to her that her husband's son
must be in some degree her own, since his father was likewise the father
of the son to whom she had given birth, and who was dead. Besides, she
would make that young fellow her son; she would direct him, she would
compel him to be hers, to work through her and for her.

"You wish to know how I shall employ him in the place," she resumed. "I
myself don't know. It is evident that I shall not easily find the
hundreds of thousands of francs which may be required. Your figures are
accurate, and it is possible that we may never have the money to buy back
the property. But, all the same, why not fight, why not try? And,
besides--I will admit it--suppose we are vanquished, well then, so much
the worse for the other. For I assure you that if this young man will
only listen to me, he will then become the agent of destruction, the
avenger and punisher, implanted in the factory to wreck it!"

With a gesture which summoned ruin athwart the walls, she finished
expressing her abominable hopes. Among her vague plans, reared upon hate,
was that of employing the wretched Alexandre as a destructive weapon,
whose ravages would bring her some relief. Should she lose all other
battles, that would assuredly be the final one. And she had attained to
this pitch of madness through the boundless despair in which the loss of
her only son had plunged her, withered, consumed by a love which she
could not content, then demented, perverted to the point of crime.

Morange shuddered when, with her stubborn fierceness, she concluded: "For
twelve years past I have been waiting for a stroke of destiny, and here
it is! I would rather perish than not draw from it the last chance of
good fortune which it brings me!"

This meant that Denis's ruin was decided on, and would be effected if
destiny were willing. And the old accountant could picture the disaster:
innocent children struck down in the person of their father, a great and
most unjust catastrophe, which made his kindly heart rise in rebellion.
Would he allow that fresh crime to be committed without shouting aloud
all that he knew? Doubtless the memory of the other crime, the first one,
the monstrous buried crime about which they both kept silence, returned
at that horrible moment and shone out disturbingly in his eyes, for she
herself shuddered as if she could see it there, while with the view of
mastering him she gazed at him fixedly. For a moment, as they peered into
one another's eyes, they lived once more beside the murderous trap, and
shivered in the cold gust which rose from the abyss. And this time again
Morange, like a poor weak man overpowered by a woman's will, was
vanquished, and did not speak.

"So it is agreed, my friend," she softly resumed. "I rely on you to take
Alexandre, in the first place, as a clerk. You can see him here one
evening at five o'clock, after dusk, for I do not wish him to know at
first what interest I take in him. Shall we say the day after to-morrow?"

"Yes, the evening of the day after to-morrow, if it pleases you, dear

On the morrow Morange displayed so much agitation that the wife of the
door-porter of the house where he resided, a woman who was ever watching
him, imparted her fears to her husband. The old gentleman was certainly
going to have an attack, for he had forgotten to put on his slippers when
he came downstairs to fetch some water in the morning; and, besides, he
went on talking to himself, and looked dreadfully upset. The most
extraordinary incident of the day, however, was that after lunch Morange
quite forgot himself, and was an hour late in returning to his office, a
lack of punctuality which had no precedent, which, in the memory of
everybody at the works, had never occurred before.

As a matter of fact, Morange had been carried away as by a storm, and,
walking straight before him, had once more found himself on the Grenelle
bridge, where Denis had one day saved him from the fascination of the
water. And some force, some impulse had carried him again to the very
same spot, and made him lean over the same parapet, gazing, in the same
way as previously, at the flowing river. Ever since the previous evening
he had been repeating the same words, words which he stammered in an
undertone, and which haunted and tortured him. "Would he allow that fresh
crime to be committed without shouting aloud what he knew?" No doubt it
was those words, of which he could not rid himself, that had made him
forget to put on his slippers in the morning, and that had just now again
dazed him to the point of preventing him from returning to the factory,
as if he no longer recognized the entrance as he passed it. And if he
were at present leaning over that water, had he not been impelled thither
by an unconscious desire to have done with all his troubles, an
instinctive hope of drowning the torment into which he was thrown by
those stubbornly recurring words? Down below, at the bottom of the river,
those words would at last cease; he would no longer repeat them; he would
no longer hear them urging him to an act of energy for which he could not
find sufficient strength. And the call of the water was very gentle, and
it would be so pleasant to have to struggle no longer, to yield to
destiny, like a poor soft-hearted weakling who has lived too long.

Morange leant forward more and more, and in fancy could already feel the
sonorous river seizing him, when a gay young voice in the rear recalled
him to reality.

"What are you looking at, Monsieur Morange? Are there any big fishes

It was Hortense, looking extremely pretty, and tall already for her ten
years, whom a maid was conducting on a visit to some little friends at
Auteuil. And when the distracted accountant turned round, he remained for
a moment with trembling hands, and eyes moist with tears, at the sight of
that apparition, that dear angel, who had recalled him from so far.

"What! is it you, my pet!" he exclaimed. "No, no, there are no big
fishes. I think that they hide at the bottom because the water is so cold
in winter. Are you going on a visit? You look quite beautiful in that
fur-trimmed cloak!"

The little girl began to laugh, well pleased at being flattered and
loved, for her old friend's voice quivered with adoration.

"Yes, yes, I am very happy; there are to be some private theatricals
where I'm going. Oh! it is amusing to feel happy!"

She spoke those words like his own Reine might formerly have spoken them,
and he could have gone down on his knees to kiss her little hands like an

"But it is necessary that you should always be happy," he replied. "You
look so beautiful, I must really kiss you."

"Oh! you may, Monsieur Morange, I'm quite willing. Ah! you know the doll
you gave me; her name's Margot, and you have no idea how good she is.
Come to see her some day."

He had kissed her; and with glowing heart, ready for martyrdom, he
watched her as she went off in the pale light of winter. What he had
thought of would be too cowardly: besides, that child must be happy!

He slowly quitted the bridge, while within him the haunting words rang
out with decisive distinctness, demanding a reply: "Would he allow that
fresh crime to be committed without shouting aloud what he knew?" No, no!
It was impossible: he would speak, he would act. Nevertheless, his mind
remained clouded, befogged. How could he speak, how could he act?

Then, to crown his extravagant conduct, utterly breaking away from the
habits of forty years, he no sooner returned to the office than, instead
of immediately plunging into his everlasting additions, he began to write
a long letter. This letter, which was addressed to Mathieu, recounted the
whole affair--Alexandre's resurrection, Constance's plans, and the
service which he himself had promised to render her. These things were
set down simply as his impulse dictated, like a kind of confession by
which he relieved his feelings. He had not yet come to any positive
decision as to how he should play the part of a justiciar, which seemed
so heavy to his shoulders. His one purpose was to warn Mathieu in order
that there might be two of them to decide and act. And he simply finished
by asking the other to come to see him on the following evening, though
not before six o'clock, as he desired to see Alexandre and learn how the
interview passed off, and what Constance might require of the young man.

The ensuing night, the ensuing day, must have been full of abominable
torment for Morange. The doorkeeper's wife recounted, later on, that the
fourth-floor tenant had heard the old gentleman walking about overhead
all through the night. Doors were slammed, and furniture was dragged
about as if for a removal. It was even thought that one could detect
cries, sobs, and the monologues of a madman addressing phantoms, some
mysterious rendering of worship to the dead who haunted him. And at the
works during the day which followed Morange gave alarming signs of
distress, of the final sinking of his mind into a flood of gloom. Ever
darting troubled glances around him, he was tortured by internal combats,
which, without the slightest motive, made him descend the stairs a dozen
times, linger before the machinery in motion, and then return to his
additions up above, with the bewildered, distracted air of one who could
not find what he sought so painfully. When the darkness fell, about four
o'clock on that gloomy winter day, the two clerks whom he had with him in
his office noticed that he altogether ceased working. From that moment,
indeed, he waited with his eyes fixed upon the clock. And when five
o'clock struck he once more made sure that a certain total was correct,
then rose and went out, leaving the ledger open, as if he meant to return
to check the next addition.

He followed the gallery which led to the passage connecting the workshops
with the private house. The whole factory was at that hour lighted up,
electric lamps cast the brightness of daylight over it, while the stir of
work ascended and the walls shook amid the rumbling of machinery. And all
at once, before reaching the passage, Morange perceived the lift, the
terrible cavity, the abyss of murder in which Blaise had met his death
fourteen years previously. Subsequent to that catastrophe, and in order
to prevent the like of it from ever occurring again, the trap had been
surrounded by a balustrade with a gate, in such wise that a fall became
impossible unless one should open the gate expressly to take a plunge. At
that moment the trap was lowered and the gate was closed, and Morange,
yielding to some superior force, bent over the cavity, shuddering. The
whole scene of long ago rose up before him; he was again in the depths of
that frightful void; he could see the crushed corpse; and he could feel
the gust of terror chilling him in the presence of murder, accepted and
concealed. Since he suffered so dreadfully, since he could no longer
sleep, since he had promised his dear dead ones that he would join them,
why should he not make an end of himself? Two days previously, while
leaning over the parapet of the Grenelle bridge, a desire to do so had
taken possession of him. He merely had to lose his equilibrium and he
would be liberated, laid to rest in the peaceful earth between his wife
and his daughter. And, all at once, as if the abyss itself suggested to
him the frightful solution for which he had been vainly groping, in his
growing madness, for two days past, he thought that he could hear a voice
calling him from below, the voice of Blaise, which cried: "Come with the
other one! Come with the other one!"

He started violently and drew himself erect; decision had fallen on him
in a lightning flash. Insane as he was, that appeared to him to be the
one sole logical, mathematical, sensible solution, which would settle
everything. It seemed to him so simple, too, that he was astonished that
he had sought it so long. And from that moment this poor soft-hearted
weakling, whose wretched brain was unhinged, gave proof of iron will and
sovereign heroism, assisted by the clearest reasoning, the most subtle

In the first place he prepared everything, set the catch to prevent the
trap from being sent up again in his absence, and also assured himself
that the balustrade door opened and closed easily. He came and went with
a light, aerial step, as if carried off his feet, with his eyes ever on
the alert, anxious as he was to be neither seen nor heard. At last he
extinguished the three electric lamps and plunged the gallery into
darkness. From below, through the gaping cavity the stir of the working
factory, the rumbling of the machinery ever ascended. And it was only
then, everything being ready, that Morange turned into the passage to
betake himself to the little drawing room of the mansion.

Constance was there waiting for him with Alexandre. She had given
instructions for the latter to call half-an-hour earlier, for she wished
to confess him while as yet telling him nothing of the real position
which she meant him to take in the house. She was not disposed to place
herself all at once at his mercy, and had therefore simply expressed her
willingness to give him employment in accordance with the recommendation
of her relative, the Baroness de Lowicz. Nevertheless, she studied him
with restrained ardor, and was well pleased to find that he was strong,
sturdy, and resolute, with a hard face lighted by terrible eyes, which
promised her an avenger. She would finish polishing him up, and then he
would suit her perfectly. For his part, without plainly understanding the
truth, he scented something, divined that his fortune was at hand, and
was quite ready to wait awhile for the certain feast, like a young wolf
who consents to be domesticated in order that he may, later on, devour
the whole flock at his ease.

When Morange went in only one thing struck him, Alexandre's resemblance
to Beauchene, that extraordinary resemblance which had already upset
Constance, and which now sent an icy chill through the old accountant as
if in purposing to carry out his idea he had condemned his old master.

"I was waiting for you, my friend; you are late, you who are so punctual
as a rule," said Constance.

"Yes, there was a little work which I wished to finish."

But she had merely been jesting, she felt so happy. And she immediately
settled everything: "Well, here is the gentleman whom I spoke about," she
said. "You will begin by taking him with you and making him acquainted
with the business, even if in the first instance you can merely send him
about on commissions for you. It is understood, is it not?"

"Quite so, dear madame, I will take him with me; you may rely on me."

Then, as she gave Alexandre his dismissal, saying that he might come on
the morrow, Morange offered to show him out by way of his office and the
workshops, which were still open.

"In that way he will form an acquaintance with the works, and can come
straight to me to-morrow."

Constance laughed again, so fully did the accountant's obligingness
reassure her.

"That is a good idea, my friend," she said. "Thank you. And au revoir,
monsieur; we will take charge of your future if you behave sensibly."

At this moment, however, she was thunderstruck by an extravagant and
seemingly senseless incident. Morange, having shown Alexandre out of the
little salon, in advance of himself, turned round towards her with the
sudden grimace of a madman, revealing his insanity by the distortion of
his countenance. And in a low, familiar, sneering voice, he stammered in
her face: "Ha! ha! Blaise at the bottom of the hole! He speaks, he has
spoken to me! Ha! ha! the somersault! you would have the somersault! And
you shall have it again, the somersault, the somersault!"

Then he disappeared, following Alexandre.

She had listened to him agape with wonder. It was all so unforeseen, so
idiotic, that at first she did not understand it. But afterwards what a
flash of light came to her! That which Morange had referred to was the
murder yonder--the thing to which they had never referred, the monstrous
thing which they had kept buried for fourteen years past, which their
glances only had confessed, but which, all of a sudden, he had cast in
her teeth with the grimace of a madman. What was the meaning of the poor
fool's diabolical rebellion, the dim threat which she had felt passing
like a gust from an abyss? She turned frightfully pale, she intuitively
foresaw some frightful revenge of destiny, that destiny which, only a
moment previously, she had believed to be her minion. Yes, it was surely
that. And she felt herself carried fourteen years backward, and she
remained standing, quivering, icy cold, listening to the sounds which
arose from the works, waiting for the awful thud of the fall, even as on
the distant day when she had listened and waited for the other to be
crushed and killed.

Meantime Morange, with his discreet, short step, was leading Alexandre
away, and speaking to him in a quiet, good-natured voice.

"I must ask your pardon for going first, but I have to show you the way.
Oh! this is a very intricate place, with stairs and passages whose turns
and twists never end. The passage now turns to the left, you see."

Then, on reaching the gallery where the darkness was complete, he
affected anger in the most natural manner possible.

"Ah! well, that is just their way. They haven't yet lighted up this part.
The switch is at the other end. Fortunately I know where to step, for I
have been going backwards and forwards here for the last forty years.
Mind follow me carefully."

Thereupon, at each successive step, he warned the other what he ought to
do, guiding him along in his obliging way without the faintest tremor in
his voice.

"Don't let go of me, turn to the left.--Now we merely have to go straight
ahead.--Only, wait a moment, a barrier intersects the gallery, and there
is a gate.--There we are! I'm opening the gate, you hear?--Follow me,
I'll go first."

Morange quietly stepped into the void, amid the darkness. And, without a
cry, he fell. Alexandre who was close in the rear, almost touching him so
as not to lose him, certainly detected the void and the gust which
followed the fall, as with sudden horror the flooring failed beneath
them; but force of motion carried him on, he stepped forward in his turn,
howled and likewise fell, head over heels. Both were smashed below, both
killed at once. True, Morange still breathed for a few seconds.
Alexandre, for his part, lay with his skull broken to pieces and his
brains scattered on the very spot where Blaise had been picked up.

Horrible was the stupefaction when those bodies were found there. Nobody
could explain the catastrophe. Morange carried off his secret, the reason
for that savage act of justice which he had accomplished according to the
chance suggestions of his dementia. Perhaps he had wished to punish
Constance, perhaps he had desired to repair the old wrong: Denis long
since stricken in the person of his brother, and now saved for the sake
of his daughter Hortense, who would live happily with Margot, the pretty
doll who was so good. By suppressing the criminal instrument the old
accountant had indeed averted the possibility of a fresh crime. Swayed by
his fixed idea, however, he had doubtless never reasoned that cataclysmic
deed of justice, which was above reason, and which passed by with the
impassive savagery of a death-dealing hurricane.

At the works there was but one opinion, Morange had assuredly been mad;
and he alone could have caused the accident, particularly as it was
impossible to account, otherwise than by an act of madness, for the
extinguishing of the lights, the opening of the balustrade-door, and the
plunge into the cavity which he knew to be there, and into which had
followed him the unfortunate young man his companion. Moreover, the
accountant's madness was no longer doubted by anybody a few days later,
when the doorkeeper of his house related his final eccentricities, and a
commissary of police went to search his rooms. He had been mad, mad
enough to be placed in confinement.

To begin, nobody had ever seen a flat in such an extraordinary condition,
the kitchen a perfect stable, the drawing-room in a state of utter
abandonment with its Louis XIV. furniture gray with dust, and the
dining-room all topsy-turvy, the old oak tables and chairs being piled up
against the window as if to shut out every ray of light, though nobody
could tell why. The only properly kept room was that in which Reine had
formerly slept, which was as clean as a sanctuary, with its pitch-pine
furniture as bright as if it had been polished every day. But the
apartment in which Morange's madness became unmistakably manifest was his
own bedchamber, which he had turned into a museum of souvenirs, covering
its walls with photographs of his wife and daughter. Above a table there,
the wall facing the window quite disappeared from view, for a sort of
little chapel had been set up, decked with a multitude of portraits. In
the centre were photographs of Valerie and Reine, both of them at twenty
years of age, so that they looked like twin sisters; while symmetrically
disposed all around was an extraordinary number of other portraits, again
showing Valerie and Reine, now as children, now as girls, and now as
women, in every sort of position, too, and every kind of toilet. And
below them on the table, like an offering on an altar, was found more
than one hundred thousand francs, in gold, and silver, and even copper;
indeed, the whole fortune which Morange had been saving up for several
years by eating only dry bread, like a pauper.

At last, then, one knew what he had done with his savings; he had given
them to his dead wife and daughter, who had remained his will, passion,
and ambition. Haunted by remorse at having killed them while dreaming of
making them rich, he reserved for them that money which they had so
keenly desired, and which they would have spent with so much ardor. It
was still and ever for them that he earned it, and he took it to them,
lavished it upon them, never devoting even a tithe of it to any
egotistical pleasure, absorbed as he was in his vision-fraught worship
and eager to pacify and cheer their spirits. And the whole neighborhood
gossiped endlessly about the old mad gentleman who had let himself die of
wretchedness by the side of a perfect treasure, piled coin by coin upon a
table, and for twenty years past tendered to the portraits of his wife
and daughter, even as flowers might have been offered to their memory.

About six o'clock, when Mathieu reached the works, he found the place
terrified by the catastrophe. Ever since the morning he had been rendered
anxious by Morange's letter, which had greatly surprised and worried him
with that extraordinary story of Alexandre turning up once more, being
welcomed by Constance, and introduced by her into the establishment.
Plain as was the greater part of the letter, it contained some singularly
incoherent passages, and darted from one point to another with
incomprehensible suddenness. Mathieu had read it three times, indulging
on each occasion in fresh hypotheses of a gloomier and gloomier nature;
for the more he reflected, the more did the affair seem to him to be
fraught with menace. Then, on reaching the rendezvous appointed by
Morange, he found himself in presence of those bleeding bodies which
Victor Moineaud had just picked up and laid out side by side! Silent,
chilled to his bones, Mathieu listened to his son, Denis, who had
hastened up to tell him of the unexplainable misfortune, the two men
falling one atop of the other, first the old mad accountant, and then the
young fellow whom nobody knew and who seemed to have dropped from heaven.

Mathieu, for his part, had immediately recognized Alexandre, and if, pale
and terrified, he kept silent on the subject, it was because he desired
to take nobody, not even his son, into his confidence, given the fresh
suppositions, the frightful suppositions, which now arose in his mind
from out of all the darkness. He listened with growing anxiety to the
enumeration of the few points which were certain: the extinguishing of
the electric lights in the gallery and the opening of the balustrade
door, which was always kept closed and could only have been opened by
some habitue, since, to turn the handle, one had to press a secret spring
which kept it from moving. And, all at once, as Victor Moineaud pointed
out that the old man had certainly been the first to fall, since one of
the young man's legs had been stretched across his stomach, Mathieu was
carried fourteen years backward. He remembered old Moineaud picking up
Blaise on the very spot where Victor, the son, had just picked up Morange
and Alexandre. Blaise! At the thought of his dead boy fresh light came to
Mathieu, a frightful suspicion blazed up amid the terrible obscurity in
which he had been groping and doubting. And, thereupon, leaving Denis to
settle everything down below, he decided to see Constance.

Up above, however, when Mathieu was on the point of turning into the
communicating passage, he paused once more, this time near the lift. It
was there, fourteen years previously, that Morange, finding the trap
open, had gone down to warn and chide the workmen, while Constance,
according to her own account, had quietly returned into the house, at the
very moment when Blaise, coming from the other end of the dim gallery,
plunged into the gulf. Everybody had eventually accepted that narrative
as being accurate, but Mathieu now felt that it was mendacious. He could
recall various glances, various words, various spells of silence; and
sudden certainty came upon him, a certainty based on all the petty things
which he had not then understood, but which now assumed the most
frightful significance. Yes, it was certain, even though round it there
hovered the monstrous vagueness of silent crimes, cowardly crimes, over
which a shadow of horrible mystery always lurks. Moreover, it explained
the sequel, those two bodies lying below, as far, that is, as logical
reasoning can explain a madman's action with all its gaps and
mysteriousness. Nevertheless, Mathieu still strove to doubt; before
anything else he wished to see Constance.

Showing a waxy pallor, she had remained erect, motionless, in the middle
of her little drawing-room. The waiting of fourteen years previously had
begun once more, lasting on and on, and filling her with such anxiety
that she held her breath the better to listen. Nothing, no stir, no sound
of footsteps, had yet ascended from the works. What could be happening
then? Was the hateful thing, the dreaded thing, merely a nightmare after
all? Yet Morange had really sneered in her face, she had fully understood
him. Had not a howl, the thud of a fall, just reached her ears? And now,
had not the rumbling of the machinery ceased? It was death, the factory
silent, chilled and lost for her. All at once her heart ceased beating as
she detected a sound of footsteps drawing nearer and nearer with
increased rapidity. The door opened, and it was Mathieu who came in.

She recoiled, livid, as at the sight of a ghost. He, O God! Why he? How
was it he was there? Of all the messengers of misfortune he was the one
whom she had least expected. Had the dead son risen before her she would
not have shuddered more dreadfully than she did at this apparition of the

She did not speak. He simply said: "They made the plunge, they are both
dead--like Blaise."

Then, though she still said nothing, she looked at him. For a moment
their eyes met. And in her glance he read everything: the murder was
begun afresh, effected, consummated. Over yonder lay the bodies, dead,
one atop of the other.

"Wretched woman, to what monstrous perversity have you fallen! And how
much blood there is upon you!"

By an effort of supreme pride Constance was able to draw herself up and
even increase her stature, still wishing to conquer, and cry aloud that
she was indeed the murderess, that she had always thwarted him, and would
ever do so. But Mathieu was already overwhelming her with a final

"You don't know, then, that that ruffian, Alexandre, was one of the
murderers of your friend, Madame Angelin, the poor woman who was robbed
and strangled one winter afternoon. I compassionately hid that from you.
But he would now be at the galleys had I spoken out! And if I were to
speak to-day you would be there too!"

That was the hatchet-stroke. She did not speak, but dropped, all of a
lump, upon the carpet, like a tree which has been felled. This time her
defeat was complete; destiny, which she awaited, had turned against her
and thrown her to the ground. A mother the less, perverted by the love
which she had set on her one child, a mother duped, robbed, and maddened,
who had glided into murder amid the dementia born of inconsolable
motherliness! And now she lay there, stretched out, scraggy and withered,
poisoned by the affection which she had been unable to bestow.

Mathieu became anxious, and summoned the old servant, who, after
procuring assistance, carried her mistress to her bed and then undressed
her. Meantime, as Constance gave no sign of life, seized as she was by
one of those fainting fits which often left her quite breathless, Mathieu
himself went for Boutan, and meeting him just as he was returning home
for dinner, was luckily able to bring him back at once.

Boutan, who was now nearly seventy-two, and was quietly spending his last
years in serene cheerfulness, born of his hope in life, had virtually
ceased practising, only attending a very few old patients, his friends.
However, he did not refuse Mathieu's request. When he had examined
Constance he made a gesture of hopelessness, the meaning of which was so
plain that Mathieu, his anxiety increasing, bethought himself of trying
to find Beauchene in order that the latter might, at least, be present if
his wife should die. But the old servant, on being questioned, began by
raising her arms to heaven. She did not know where Monsieur might be,
Monsieur never left any address. At last, feeling frightened herself, she
made up her mind to hasten to the abode of the two women, aunt and niece,
with whom Beauchene spent the greater part of his time. She knew their
address perfectly well, as her mistress had even sent her thither in
pressing emergencies. But she learnt that the ladies had gone with
Monsieur to Nice for a holiday; whereupon, not desiring to return without
some member of the family, she was seized on her way back with the fine
idea of calling on Monsieur's sister, the Baroness de Lowicz, whom she
brought, almost by force, in her cab.

It was in vain that Boutan attempted treatment. When Constance opened her
eyes again, she looked at him fixedly, recognized him, no doubt, and then
lowered her eyelids. And from that moment she obstinately refused to
reply to any question that was put to her. She must have heard and have
known that people were there, trying to succor her. But she would have
none of their succor, she was stubbornly intent on dying, on giving no
further sign of life. Neither did she raise her eyelids, nor did her lips
part again. It was as if she had already quitted the world amid the mute
agony of her defeat.

That evening Seraphine's manner was extremely strange. She reeked of
ether, for she drank ether now. When she heard of the two-fold
"accident," the death of Morange and that of Alexandre, which had brought
on Constance's cardiacal attack, she simply gave an insane grin, a kind
of involuntary snigger, and stammered: "Ah! that's funny."

Though she removed neither her hat nor her gloves, she installed herself
in an armchair, where she sat waiting, with her eyes wide open and
staring straight before her--those brown eyes flecked with gold, whose
living light was all that she had retained of her massacred beauty. At
sixty-two she looked like a centenarian; her bold, insolent face was
ravined, as it were, by her stormy life, and the glow of her sun-like
hair had been extinguished by a shower of ashes. And time went on,
midnight approached, and she was still there, near that death-bed of
which she seemed to be ignorant, in that quivering chamber where she
forgot herself, similar to a mere thing, apparently no longer even
knowing why she had been brought thither.

Mathieu and Boutan had been unwilling to retire. Since Monsieur was at
Nice in the company of those ladies, the aunt and the niece, they decided
to spend the night there in order that Constance might not be left alone
with the old servant. And towards midnight, while they were chatting
together in undertones, they were suddenly stupefied at hearing Seraphine
raise her voice, after preserving silence for three hours.

"He is dead, you know," said she.

Who was dead? At last they understood that she referred to Dr. Gaude. The
celebrated surgeon, had, indeed, been found in his consulting-room struck
down by sudden death, the cause of which was not clearly known. In fact,
the strangest, the most horrible and tragical stories were current on the
subject. According to one of them a patient had wreaked vengeance on the
doctor; and Mathieu, full of emotion, recalled that one day, long ago,
Seraphine herself had suggested that all Gaude's unhappy patients ought
to band themselves together and put an end to him.

When Seraphine perceived that Mathieu was gazing at her, as in a
nightmare, moved by the shuddering silence of that death-watch, she once
more grinned like a lunatic, and said: "He is dead, we were all there!"

It was insane, improbable, impossible; and yet was it true or was it
false? A cold, terrifying quiver swept by, the icy quiver of mystery, of
that which one knows not, which one will never know.

Boutan leant towards Mathieu and whispered in his ear: "She will be
raving mad and shut up in a padded cell before a week is over." And,
indeed, a week later the Baroness de Lowicz was wearing a straight
waistcoat. In her case Dr. Gaude's treatment had led to absolute

Mathieu and Boutan watched beside Constance until daybreak. She never
opened her lips, nor raised her eyelids. As the sun rose up, she turned
towards the wall, and then she died.


STILL more years passed, and Mathieu was already sixty-eight and Marianne
sixty-five, when amid the increasing good fortune which they owed to
their faith in life, and their long courageous hopefulness, a last
battle, the most dolorous of their existence, almost struck them down and
sent them to the grave, despairing and inconsolable.

One evening Marianne went to bed, quivering, utterly distracted. Quite a
rending was taking place in the family. A disastrous and hateful quarrel
had set the mill, where Gregoire reigned supreme, against the farm which
was managed by Gervais and Claire. And Ambroise, on being selected as
arbiter, had fanned the flames by judging the affair in a purely business
way from his Paris counting-house, without taking into account the
various passions which were kindled.

It was on returning from a secret application to Ambroise, prompted by a
maternal longing for peace, that Marianne had taken to her bed, wounded
to the heart, and terrified by the thought of the future. Ambroise had
received her roughly, almost brutally, and she had gone back home in a
state of intense anguish, feeling as if her own flesh were lacerated by
the quarrelling of her ungrateful sons. And she had kept her bed, begging
Mathieu to say nothing, and explaining that a doctor's services would be
useless, since she did not suffer from any malady. She was fading away,
however, as he could well detect; she was day by day taking leave of him,
carried off by her bitter grief. Was it possible that all those loving
and well-loved children, who had grown up under their care and their
caresses, who had become the joy and pride of their victory, all those
children born of their love, united in their fidelity, a sacred
brotherly, sisterly battalion gathered close around them, was it possible
that they should now disband and desperately seek to destroy one another?
If so, it was true, then, that the more a family increases, the greater
is the harvest of ingratitude. And still more accurate became the saying,
that to judge of any human being's happiness or unhappiness in life, one
must wait until he be dead.

"Ah!" said Mathieu, as he sat near Marianne's bed, holding her feverish
hand, "to think of it! To have struggled so much, and to have triumphed
so much, and then to encounter this supreme grief, which will bring us
more pain than all the others. Decidedly it is true that one must
continue battling until one's last breath, and that happiness is only to
be won by suffering and tears. We must still hope, still triumph, and
conquer and live."

Marianne, however, had lost all courage, and seemed to be overwhelmed.

"No," said she, "I have no energy left me, I am vanquished. I was always
able to heal the wounds which came from without, but this wound comes
from my own blood; my blood pours forth within me and stifles me. All our
work is destroyed. Our joy, our health, our strength, have at the last
day become mere lies."

Then Mathieu, whom her grievous fears of a disaster gained, went off to
weep in the adjoining room, already picturing his wife dead and himself
in utter solitude.

It was with reference to Lepailleur's moorland, the plots intersecting
the Chantebled estate, that the wretched quarrel had broken out between
the mill and the farm. For many years already, the romantic, ivy-covered
old mill, with its ancient mossy wheel, had ceased to exist. Gregoire, at
last putting his father's ideas into execution, had thrown it down to
replace it by a large steam mill, with spacious meal-stores which a light
railway-line connected with Janville station. And he himself, since he
had been making a big fortune--for all the wheat of the district was now
sent to him--had greatly changed, with nothing of his youthful turbulence
left save a quick temper, which his wife Therese with her brave, loving
heart alone could somewhat calm. On a score of occasions he had almost
broken off all relations with his father-in-law, Lepailleur, who
certainly abused his seventy years. Though the old miller, in spite of
all his prophecies of ruin, had been unable to prevent the building of
the new establishment, he none the less sneered and jeered at it,
exasperated as he was at having been in the wrong. He had, in fact, been
beaten for the second time. Not only did the prodigious crops of
Chantebled disprove his theory of the bankruptcy of the earth, that
villainous earth in which, like an obstinate peasant weary of toil and
eager for speedy fortune, he asserted nothing more would grow; but now
that mill of his, which he had so disdained, was born as it were afresh,
growing to a gigantic size, and becoming in his son-in-law's hands an
instrument of great wealth.

The worst was that Lepailleur so stubbornly lived on, experiencing
continual defeats, but never willing to acknowledge that he was beaten.
One sole delight remained to him, the promise given and kept by Gregoire
that he would not sell the moorland enclosure to the farm. The old man
had even prevailed on him to leave it uncultivated, and the sight of that
sterile tract intersecting the wavy greenery of the beautiful estate of
Chantebled, like a spot of desolation, well pleased his spiteful nature.
He was often to be seen strolling there, like an old king of the stones
and the brambles, drawing up his tall, scraggy figure as if he were quite
proud of the poverty of that soil. In going thither one of his objects
doubtless was to find a pretext for a quarrel; for it was he who in the
course of one of these promenades, when he displayed such provoking
insolence, discovered an encroachment on the part of the farm--an
encroachment which his comments magnified to such a degree that
disastrous consequences seemed probable. As it was, all the happiness of
the Froments was for a time destroyed.

In business matters Gregoire invariably showed the rough impulsiveness of
a man of sanguine temperament, obstinately determined to part with no
fraction of his rights. When his father-in-law told him that the farm had
impudently cleared some seven acres of his moorland, with the intention
no doubt of carrying this fine robbery even further, if it were not
promptly stopped, Gregoire at once decided to inquire into the matter,
declaring that he would not tolerate any invasion of that sort. The
misfortune then was that no boundary stones could be found. Thus, the
people of the farm might assert that they had made a mistake in all good
faith, or even that they had remained within their limits. But Lepailleur
ragefully maintained the contrary, entered into particulars, and traced
what he declared to be the proper frontier line with his stick, swearing
that within a few inches it was absolutely correct. However, matters went
altogether from bad to worse after an interview between the brothers,
Gervais and Gregoire, in the course of which the latter lost his temper
and indulged in unpardonable language. On the morrow, too, he began an
action-at-law, to which Gervais replied by threatening that he would not
send another grain of corn to be ground at the mill. And this rupture of
business relations meant serious consequences for the mill, which really
owed its prosperity to the custom of Chantebled.

From that moment matters grew worse each day, and conciliation soon
seemed to be out of the question; for Ambroise, on being solicited to
find a basis of agreement, became in his turn impassioned, and even ended
by enraging both parties. Thus the hateful ravages of that fratricidal
war were increased: there were now three brothers up in arms against one
another. And did not this forebode the end of everything; might not this
destructive fury gain the whole family, overwhelming it as with a blast
of folly and hatred after so many years of sterling good sense and strong
and healthy affection?

Mathieu naturally tried to intervene. But at the very outset he felt that
if he should fail, if his paternal authority should be disregarded, the
disaster would become irreparable. Without renouncing the struggle, he
therefore waited for some opportunity which he might turn to good
account. At the same time, each successive day of discord increased his
anxiety. It was really all his own life-work, the little people which had
sprung from him, the little kingdom which he had founded under the
benevolent sun, that was threatened with sudden ruin. A work such as this
can only live by force of love. The love which created it can alone
perpetuate it; it crumbles as soon as the bond of fraternal solidarity is
broken. Thus it seemed to Mathieu that instead of leaving his work behind
him in full florescence of kindliness, joy, and vigor, he would see it
cast to the ground in fragments, soiled, and dead even before he were
dead himself. Yet what a fruitful and prosperous work had hitherto been
that estate of Chantebled, whose overflowing fertility increased at each
successive harvest; and that mill too, so enlarged and so flourishing,
which was the outcome of his own inspiring suggestions, to say nothing of
the prodigious fortunes which his conquering sons had acquired in Paris!
Yet it was all this admirable work, which faith in life had created, that
a fratricidal onslaught upon life was about to destroy!

One evening, in the mournful gloaming of one of the last days of
September, the couch on which Marianne lay dying of silent grief was, by
her desire, rolled to the window. Charlotte alone nursed her, and of all
her sons she had but the last one, Benjamin, beside her in the now
over-spacious house which had replaced the old shooting-box. Since the
family had been at war she had kept the doors closed, intent on opening
them only to her children when they became reconciled, if they should
then seek to make her happy by coming to embrace one another beneath her
roof. But she virtually despaired of that sole cure for her grief, the
only joy that would make her live again.

That evening, as Mathieu came to sit beside her, and they lingered there
hand in hand according to their wont, they did not at first speak, but
gazed straight before them at the spreading plain; at the estate, whose
interminable fields blended with the mist far away; at the mill yonder on
the banks of the Yeuse, with its tall, smoking chimney; and at Paris
itself on the horizon, where a tawny cloud was rising as from the huge
furnace of some forge.

The minutes slowly passed away. During the afternoon Mathieu had taken a
long walk in the direction of the farms of Mareuil and Lillebonne, in the
hope of quieting his torment by physical fatigue. And in a low voice, as
if speaking to himself, he at last said:

"The ploughing could not take place under better conditions. Yonder on
the plateau the quality of the soil has been much improved by the recent
methods of cultivation; and here, too, on the slopes, the sandy soil has
been greatly enriched by the new distribution of the springs which
Gervais devised. The estate has almost doubled in value since it has been
in his hands and Claire's. There is no break in the prosperity; labor
yields unlimited victory."

"What is the good of it if there is no more love?" murmured Marianne.

"Then, too," continued Mathieu, after a pause, "I went down to the Yeuse,
and from a distance I saw that Gregoire had received the new machine
which Denis has just built for him. It was being unloaded in the yard. It
seems that it imparts a certain movement to the mill-stones, which saves
a good third of the power needed. With such appliances the earth may
produce seas of corn for innumerable nations, they will all have bread.
And that mill-engine, with its regular breath and motion, will produce
fresh wealth also."

"What use is it if people hate one another?" Marianne exclaimed.

At this Mathieu dropped the subject. But, in accordance with a resolution
which he had formed during his walk, he told his wife that he meant to go
to Paris on the morrow. And on noticing her surprise, he pretended that
he wished to see to a certain business matter, the settlement of an old
account. But the truth was, that he could no longer endure the spectacle
of his wife's lingering agony, which brought him so much suffering. He
wished to act, to make a supreme effort at reconciliation.

At ten o'clock on the following morning, when Mathieu alighted from the
train at the Paris terminus, he drove direct to the factory at Grenelle.
Before everything else he wished to see Denis, who had hitherto taken no
part in the quarrel. For a long time now, indeed ever since Constance's
death, Denis had been installed in the house on the quay with his wife
Marthe and their three children. This occupation of the luxurious
dwelling set apart for the master had been like a final entry into
possession, with respect to the whole works. True, Beauchene had lived
several years longer, but his name no longer figured in that of the firm.
He had surrendered his last shred of interest in the business for an
annuity; and at last one evening it was learnt that he had died that day,
struck down by an attack of apoplexy after an over-copious lunch, at the
residence of his lady-friends, the aunt and the niece. He had previously
been sinking into a state of second childhood, the outcome of his life of
fast and furious pleasure. And this, then, was the end of the egotistical
debauchee, ever going from bad to worse, and finally swept into the

"Why! what good wind has blown you here?" cried Denis gayly, when he
perceived his father. "Have you come to lunch? I'm still a bachelor, you
know; for it is only next Monday that I shall go to fetch Marthe and the
children from Dieppe, where they have spent a delightful September."

Then, on hearing that his mother was ailing, even in danger, he become
serious and anxious.

"Mamma ill, and in danger! You amaze me. I thought she was simply
troubled with some little indisposition. But come, father, what is really
the matter? Are you hiding something? Is something worrying you?"

Thereupon he listened to the plain and detailed statement which Mathieu
felt obliged to make to him. And he was deeply moved by it, as if the
dread of the catastrophe which it foreshadowed would henceforth upset his
life. "What!" he angrily exclaimed, "my brothers are up to these fine
pranks with their idiotic quarrel! I knew that they did not get on well
together. I had heard of things which saddened me, but I never imagined
that matters had gone so far, and that you and mamma were so affected
that you had shut yourselves up and were dying of it all! But things must
be set to rights! One must see Ambroise at once. Let us go and lunch with
him, and finish the whole business."

Before starting he had a few orders to give, so Mathieu went down to wait
for him in the factory yard. And there, during the ten minutes which he
spent walking about dreamily, all the distant past arose before his eyes.
He could see himself a mere clerk, crossing that courtyard every morning
on his arrival from Janville, with thirty sous for his lunch in his
pocket. The spot had remained much the same; there was the central
building, with its big clock, the workshops and the sheds, quite a little
town of gray structures, surmounted by two lofty chimneys, which were
ever smoking. True, his son had enlarged this city of toil; the stretch
of ground bordered by the Rue de la Federation and the Boulevard de
Grenelle had been utilized for the erection of other buildings. And
facing the quay there still stood the large brick house with dressings of
white stone, of which Constance had been so proud, and where, with the
mien of some queen of industry, she had received her friends in her
little salon hung with yellow silk. Eight hundred men now worked in the
place; the ground quivered with the ceaseless trepidation of machinery;
the establishment had grown to be the most important of its kind in
Paris, the one whence came the finest agricultural appliances, the most
powerful mechanical workers of the soil. And it was his, Mathieu's, son
whom fortune had made prince of that branch of industry, and it was his
daughter-in-law who, with her three strong, healthy children near her,
received her friends in the little salon hung with yellow silk.

As Mathieu, moved by his recollections, glanced towards the right,
towards the pavilion where he had dwelt with Marianne, and where Gervais
had been born, an old workman who passed, lifted his cap to him, saying,
"Good day, Monsieur Froment."

Mathieu thereupon recognized Victor Moineaud, now five-and-fifty years
old, and aged, and wrecked by labor to even a greater degree than his
father had been at the time when mother Moineaud had come to offer the
Monster her children's immature flesh. Entering the works at sixteen
years of age, Victor, like his father, had spent forty years between the
forge and the anvil. It was iniquitous destiny beginning afresh: the most
crushing toil falling upon a beast of burden, the son hebetated after the
father, ground to death under the millstones of wretchedness and

"Good day, Victor," said Mathieu, "are you well?"

"Oh, I'm no longer young, Monsieur Froment," the other replied. "I shall
soon have to look somewhere for a hole to lie in. Still, I hope it won't
be under an omnibus."

He alluded to the death of his father, who had finally been picked up
under an omnibus in the Rue de Grenelle, with his skull split and both
legs broken.

"But after all," resumed Victor, "one may as well die that way as any
other! It's even quicker. The old man was lucky in having Norine and
Cecile to look after him. If it hadn't been for them, it's starvation
that would have killed him, not an omnibus."

Mathieu interrupted. "Are Norine and Cecile well?" he asked.

"Yes, Monsieur Froment. Leastways, as far as I know, for, as you can
understand, we don't often see one another. Them and me, that's about all
that's left out of our lot; for Irma won't have anything more to do with
us since she's become one of the toffs. Euphrasie was lucky enough to
die, and that brigand Alfred disappeared, which was real relief, I assure
you; for I feared that I should be seeing him at the galleys. And I was
really pleased when I had some news of Norine and Cecile lately. Norine
is older than I am, you know; she will soon be sixty. But she was always
strong, and her boy, it seems, looks after her. Both she and Cecile still
work; yes, Cecile still lives on, though one used to think that a fillip
would have killed her. It's a pretty home, that one of theirs; two
mothers for a big lad of whom they've made a decent fellow."

Mathieu nodded approvingly, and then remarked: "But you yourself, Victor,
had boys and girls who must now in their turn be fathers and mothers."

The old workman waved his hand vaguely.

"Yes," said he, "I had eight, one more than my father. They've all gone
off, and they are fathers and mothers in their turn, as you say, Monsieur
Froment. It's all chance, you know; one has to live. There are some of
them who certainly don't eat white bread, ah! that they don't. And the
question is whether, when my arms fail me, I shall find one to take me
in, as Norine and Cecile took my father. But when everything's said, what
can you expect? It's all seed of poverty, it can't grow well, or yield
anything good."

For a moment he remained silent; then resuming his walk towards the
works, with bent, weary back and hanging hands, dented by toil, he said:
"Au revoir, Monsieur Froment."

"Au revoir, Victor," Mathieu answered in a kindly tone.

Having given his orders, Denis now came to join his father, and proposed
to him that they should go on foot to the Avenue d'Antin. On the way he
warned him that they would certainly find Ambroise alone, for his wife
and four children were still at Dieppe, where, indeed, the two
sisters-in-law, Andree and Marthe, had spent the season together.

In a period of ten years, Ambroise's fortune had increased tenfold.
Though he was barely five-and-forty, he reigned over the Paris market.
With his spirit of enterprise, he had greatly enlarged the business left
him by old Du Hordel, transforming it into a really universal _comptoir_,
through which passed merchandise from all parts of the world. Frontiers
did not exist for Ambroise, he enriched himself with the spoils of the
earth, particularly striving to extract from the colonies all the wealth
they were able to yield, and carrying on his operations with such
triumphant audacity, such keen perception, that the most hazardous of his
campaigns ended victoriously.

A man of this stamp, whose fruitful activity was ever winning battles,
was certain to devour the idle, impotent Seguins. In the downfall of
their fortune, the dispersal of the home and family, he had carved a
share for himself by securing possession of the house in the Avenue
d'Antin. Seguin himself had not resided there for years, he had thought
it original to live at his club, where he secured accommodation after he
and his wife had separated by consent. Two of the children had also gone
off; Gaston, now a major in the army, was on duty in a distant garrison
town, and Lucie was cloistered in an Ursuline convent. Thus, Valentine,
left to herself and feeling very dreary, no longer able, moreover, to
keep up the establishment on a proper footing, in her turn quitted the
mansion for a cheerful and elegant little flat on the Boulevard
Malesherbes, where she finished her life as a very devout old lady,
presiding over a society for providing poor mothers with baby-linen, and
thus devoting herself to the children of others--she who had not known
how to bring up her own. And, in this wise, Ambroise had simply had to
take possession of the empty mansion, which was heavily mortgaged, to
such an extent, indeed, that when the Seguins died their heirs would
certainly be owing him money.

Many were the recollections which awoke when Mathieu, accompanied by
Denis, entered that princely mansion of the Avenue d'Antin! There, as at
the factory, he could see himself arriving in poverty, as a needy tenant
begging his landlord to repair a roof, in order that the rain might no
longer pour down on the four children, whom, with culpable improvidence,
he already had to provide for. There, facing the avenue, was the
sumptuous Renaissance facade with eight lofty windows on each of its
upper floors; there, inside, was the hall, all bronze and marble,
conducting to the spacious ground-floor reception-rooms which a winter
garden prolonged; and there, up above, occupying all the central part of
the first floor, was Seguin's former "cabinet," the vast apartment with
lofty windows of old stained glass. Mathieu could well remember that room
with its profuse and amusing display of "antiquities," old brocades, old
goldsmith's ware and old pottery, and its richly bound books, and its
famous modern pewters. And he remembered it also at a later date, in the
abandonment to which it had fallen, the aspect of ruin which it had
assumed, covered, as it was, with gray dust which bespoke the slow
crumbling of the home. And now he found it once more superb and cheerful,
renovated with healthier and more substantial luxury by Ambroise, who had
put masons and joiners and upholsterers into it for a period of three
months. The whole mansion now lived afresh, more luxurious than ever,
filled at winter-time with sounds of festivity, enlivened by the laughter
of four happy children, and the blaze of a living fortune which effort
and conquest ever renewed. And it was no longer Seguin, the idler, the
artisan of nothingness, whom Mathieu came to see there, it was his own
son Ambroise, a man of creative energy, whose victory had been sought by
the very forces of life, which had made him triumph there, installed him
as the master in the home of the vanquished.

When Mathieu and Denis arrived Ambroise was absent, but was expected home
for lunch. They waited for him, and as the former again crossed the
ante-room the better to judge of some new arrangements that had been
made, he was surprised at being stopped by a lady who was sitting there
patiently, and whom he had not previously noticed.

"I see that Monsieur Froment does not recognize me," she said.

Mathieu made a vague gesture. The woman had a tall, plump figure, and was
certainly more than sixty years of age; but she evidently took care of
her person, and had a smiling mien, with a long, full face and almost
venerable white hair. One might have taken her for some worthy,
well-to-do provincial bourgeoise in full dress.

"Celeste," said she. "Celeste, Madame Seguin's former maid."

Thereupon he fully recognized her, but hid his stupefaction at finding
her so fortunately circumstanced at the close of her career. He had
imagined that she was buried in some sewer.

In a gay, placid way she proceeded to recount her happiness: "Oh! I am
very pleased," she said; "I had retired to Rougemont, my birth-place, and
I ended by there marrying a retired naval officer, who has a very
comfortable pension, not to speak of a little fortune which his first
wife left him. As he has two big sons, I ventured to recommend the
younger one to Monsieur Ambroise, who was kind enough to take him into
his counting-house. And so I have profited by my first journey to Paris
since then, to come and give Monsieur Ambroise my best thanks."

She did not say how she had managed to marry the retired naval officer;
how she had originally been a servant in his household, and how she had
hastened his first wife's death in order to marry him. All things
considered, however, she rendered him very happy, and even rid him of his
sons, who were in his way, thanks to the relations she had kept up in

She continued smiling like a worthy woman, whose feelings softened at the
recollection of the past. "You can have no idea how pleased I felt when I
saw you pass just now, Monsieur Froment," she resumed. "Ah! it was a long
time ago that I first had the honor of seeing you here! You remember La
Couteau, don't you? She was always complaining, was she not? But she is
very well pleased now; she and her husband have retired to a pretty
little house of their own, with some little savings which they live on
very quietly. She is no longer young, but she has buried a good many in
her time, and she'll bury more before she has finished! For instance,
Madame Menoux--you must surely remember Madame Menoux, the little
haberdasher close by--well, there was a woman now who never had any luck!
She lost her second child, and she lost that big fellow, her husband,
whom she was so fond of, and she herself died of grief six months
afterwards. I did at one time think of taking her to Rougemont, where the
air is so good for one's health. There are old folks of ninety living
there. Take La Couteau, for instance, she will live as long as she likes!
Oh! yes, it is a very pleasant part indeed, a perfect paradise."

At these words the abominable Rougemont, the bloody Rougemont, arose
before Mathieu's eyes, rearing its peaceful steeple above the low plain,
with its cemetery paved with little Parisians, where wild flowers bloomed
and hid the victims of so many murders.

But Celeste was rattling on again, saying: "You remember Madame Bourdieu
whom you used to know in the Rue de Miromesnil; she died very near our
village on some property where she went to live when she gave up
business, a good many years ago. She was luckier than her colleague La
Rouche, who was far too good-natured with people. You must have read
about her case in the newspapers, she was sent to prison with a medical
man named Sarraille."

"La Rouche! Sarraille!" Yes, Mathieu had certainly read the trial of
those two social pests, who were fated to meet at last in their work of
iniquity. And what an echo did those names awaken in the past: Valerie
Morange! Reine Morange! Already in the factory yard Mathieu had fancied
that he could see the shadow of Morange gliding past him--the punctual,
timid, soft-hearted accountant, whom misfortune and insanity had carried
off into the darkness. And suddenly the unhappy man here again appeared
to Mathieu, like a wandering phantom, the restless victim of all the
imbecile ambition, all the desperate craving for pleasure which animated
the period; a poor, weak, mediocre being, so cruelly punished for the
crimes of others, that he was doubtless unable to sleep in the tomb into
which he had flung himself, bleeding, with broken limbs. And before
Mathieu's eyes there likewise passed the spectre of Seraphine, with the
fierce and pain-fraught face of one who is racked and killed by insatiate

"Well, excuse me for having ventured to stop you, Monsieur Froment,"
Celeste concluded; "but I am very, very pleased at having met you again."

He was still looking at her; and as he quitted her he said, with the
indulgence born of his optimism: "May you keep happy since you are happy.
Happiness must know what it does."

Nevertheless, Mathieu remained disturbed, as he thought of the apparent
injustice of impassive nature. The memory of his Marianne, struck down by
such deep grief, pining away through the impious quarrels of her sons,
returned to him. And as Ambroise at last came in and gayly embraced him,
after receiving Celeste's thanks, he felt a thrill of anguish, for the
decisive moment which would save or wreck the family was now at hand.

Indeed, Denis, after inviting himself and Mathieu to lunch, promptly
plunged into the subject.

"We are not here for the mere pleasure of lunching with you," said he;
"mamma is ill, did you know it?"

"Ill?" said Ambroise. "Not seriously ill?"

"Yes, very ill, in danger. And are you aware that she has been ill like
this ever since she came to speak to you about the quarrel between
Gregoire and Gervais, when it seems that you treated her very roughly."

"I treated her roughly? We simply talked business, and perhaps I spoke to
her like a business man, a little bluntly."

Then Ambroise turned towards Mathieu, who was waiting, pale and silent:
"Is it true, father, that mamma is ill and causes you anxiety?"

And as his father replied with a long affirmative nod, he gave vent to
his emotion, even as Denis had done at the works immediately on learning
the truth.

"But dash it all," he said; "this affair is becoming quite idiotic! In my
opinion Gregoire is right and Gervais wrong. Only I don't care a fig
about that; they must make it up at once, so that poor mamma may not have
another moment's suffering. But then, why did you shut yourselves up? Why
did you not let us know how grieved you were? Every one would have
reflected and understood things."

Then, all at once, Ambroise embraced his father with that promptness of
decision which he displayed to such happy effect in business as soon as
ever a ray of light illumined his mind.

"After all, father," said he; "you are the cleverest; you understand
things and foresee them. Even if Gregoire were within his rights in
bringing an action against Gervais, it would be idiotic for him to do so,
because far above any petty private interest, there is the interest of
all of us, the interest of the family, which is to remain, united,
compact, and unattackable, if it desires to continue invincible. Our
sovereign strength lies in our union--And so it's simple enough. We will
lunch as quickly as possible and take the first train. We shall go, Denis
and I, to Chantebled with you. Peace must be concluded this evening. I
will see to it."

Laughing, and well pleased to find his own feelings shared by his two
sons, Mathieu returned Ambroise's embrace. And while waiting for lunch to
be served, they went down to see the winter garden, which was being
enlarged for some fetes which Ambroise wished to give. He took pleasure
in adding to the magnificence of the mansion, and in reigning there with
princely pomp. At lunch he apologized for only offering his father and
brother a bachelor's pot-luck, though, truth to tell, the fare was
excellent. Indeed, whenever Andree and the children absented themselves,
Ambroise still kept a good cook to minister to his needs, for he held the
cuisine of restaurants in horror.

"Well, for my part," said Denis, "I go to a restaurant for my meals; for
since Marthe and all the others have been at Dieppe, I have virtually
shut up the house."

"You are a wise man, you see," Ambroise answered, with quiet frankness.
"For my part, as you are aware, I am an enjoyer. Now, make haste and
drink your coffee, and we will start."

They reached Janville by the two o'clock train. Their plan was to repair
to Chantebled in the first instance, in order that Ambroise and Denis
might begin by talking to Gervais, who was of a gentler nature than
Gregoire, and with whom they thought they might devise some means of
conciliation. Then they intended to betake themselves to the mill,
lecture Gregoire, and impose on him such peace conditions as they might
have agreed upon. As they drew nearer and nearer to the farm, however,
the difficulties of their undertaking appeared to them, and seemed to
increase in magnitude. An arrangement would not be arrived at so easily
as they had at first imagined. So they girded their loins in readiness
for a hard battle.

"Suppose we begin by going to see mamma," Denis suggested. "We should see
and embrace her, and that would give us some courage."

Ambroise deemed the idea an excellent one. "Yes, let us go by all means,
particularly as mamma has always been a good counsellor. She must have
some idea."

They climbed to the first floor of the house, to the spacious room where
Marianne spent her days on a couch beside the window. And to their
stupefaction they found her seated on that couch with Gregoire standing
by her and holding both her hands, while on the other side were Gervais
and Claire, laughing softly.

"Why! what is this?" exclaimed Ambroise in amazement. "The work is done!"

"And we who despaired of being able to accomplish it!" declared Denis,
with a gesture of bewilderment.

Mathieu was equally stupefied and delighted, and on noticing the surprise
occasioned by the arrival of the two big brothers from Paris, he
proceeded to explain the position.

"I went to Paris this morning to fetch them," he said, "and I've brought
them here to reconcile us all!"

A joyous peal of laughter resounded. The big brothers were too late!
Neither their wisdom nor their diplomacy had been needed. They themselves
made merry over it, feeling the while greatly relieved that the victory
should have been won without any battle.

Marianne, whose eyes were moist, and who felt divinely happy, so happy
that she seemed already well again, simply replied to Mathieu: "You see,
my friend, it's done. But as yet I know nothing further. Gregoire came
here and kissed me, and wished me to send for Gervais and Claire at once.
Then, of his own accord, he told them that they were all three mad in
causing me such grief, and that they ought to come to an understanding
together. Thereupon they kissed one another. And now it's done; it's all

But Gregoire gayly intervened. "Wait a moment; just listen; I cut too
fine a figure in the story as mamma relates it, and I must tell you the
truth. I wasn't the first to desire the reconciliation; the first was my
wife, Therese. She has a good sterling heart and the very brains of a
mule, in such wise that whenever she is determined on anything I always
have to do it in the end. Well, yesterday evening we had a bit of a
quarrel, for she had heard, I don't know how, that mamma was ill with
grief. And this pained her, and she tried to prove to me how stupid the
quarrel was, for we should all of us lose by it. This morning she began
again, and of course she convinced me, more particularly as, with the
thought of poor mamma lying ill through our fault, I had hardly slept all
night. But father Lepailleur still had to be convinced, and Therese
undertook to do that also. She even hit upon something extraordinary, so
that the old man might imagine that he was the conqueror of conquerors.
She persuaded him at last to sell you that terrible enclosure at such an
insane price that he will be able to shout 'victory!' over all the

Then turning to his brother and sister, Gregoire added, in a jocular
tone; "My dear Gervais, my dear Claire, let yourselves be robbed, I beg
of you. The peace of my home is at stake. Give my father-in-law the last
joy of believing that he alone has always been in the right, and that we
have never been anything but fools."

"Oh! as much money as he likes," replied Gervais, laughing. "Besides,
that enclosure has always been a dishonor for the estate, streaking it
with stones and brambles, like a nasty sore. We have long dreamt of
seeing the property spotless, with its crops waving without a break under
the sun. And Chantebled is rich enough to pay for its glory."

Thus the affair was settled. The wheat of the farm would return to the
mill to be ground, and the mother would get well again. It was the force
of life, the need of love, the union necessary for the whole family if it
were to continue victorious, that had imposed true brotherliness on the
sons, who for a moment had been foolish enough to destroy their power by
assailing one another.

The delight of finding themselves once more together there, Denis,
Ambroise, Gervais, Gregoire, the four big brothers, and Claire, the big
sister, all reconciled and again invincible, increased when Charlotte
arrived, bringing with her the other three daughters, Louise, Madeleine,
and Marthe, who had married and settled in the district. Louise, having
heard that her mother was ill, had gone to fetch her sisters, in order
that they might repair to Chantebled together. And what a hearty laugh
there was when the procession entered!

"Let them all come!" cried Ambroise, in a jocular way. "Let's have the
family complete, a real meeting of the great privy council. You see,
mamma, you must get well at once; the whole of your court is at your
knees, and unanimously decides that it can no longer allow you to have
even a headache."

Then, as Benjamin put in an appearance the very last, behind the three
sisters, the laughter broke out afresh.

"And to think that we were forgetting Benjamin!" Mathieu exclaimed.

"Come, little one, come and kiss me in your turn," said Marianne
affectionately, in a low voice. "The others jest because you are the last
of the brood. But if I spoil you that only concerns ourselves, does it
not? Tell them that you spent the morning with me, and that if you went
out for a walk it was because I wished you to do so."

Benjamin smiled with a gentle and rather sad expression. "But I was
downstairs, mamma; I saw them go up one after the other. I waited for
them all to kiss, before coming up in my turn."

He was already one-and-twenty and extremely handsome, with a bright face,
large brown eyes, long curly hair, and a frizzy, downy beard. Though he
had never been ill, his mother would have it that he was weak, and
insisted on coddling him. All of them, moreover, were very fond of him,
both for his grace of person and the gentle charm of his disposition. He
had grown up in a kind of dream, full of a desire which he could not put
into words, ever seeking the unknown, something which he knew not, did
not possess. And when his parents saw that he had no taste for any
profession, and that even the idea of marrying did not appeal to him,
they evinced no anger, but, on the contrary, they secretly plotted to
keep this son, their last-born, life's final gift, to themselves. Had
they not surrendered all the others? Would they not be forgiven for
yielding to the egotism of love by reserving one for themselves, one who
would be theirs entirely, who would never marry, or toil and moil, but
would merely live beside them and love them, and be loved in return? This
was the dream of their old age, the share which, in return for long
fruitfulness, they would have liked to snatch from devouring life, which,
though it gives one everything, yet takes everything away.

"Oh! just listen, Benjamin," Ambroise suddenly resumed, "you are
interested in our brave Nicolas, I know. Would you like to have some news
of him? I heard from him only the day before yesterday. And it's right
that I should speak of him, since he's the only one of the brood, as
mamma puts it, who cannot be here."

Benjamin at once became quite excited, asking, "Is it true? Has he
written to you? What does he say? What is he doing?"

He could never think without emotion of Nicolas's departure for Senegal.
He was twelve years old at that time, and nearly nine years had gone by
since then, yet the scene, with that eternal farewell, that flight, as it
were, into the infinite of time and hope, was ever present in his mind.

"You know that I have business relations with Nicolas," resumed Ambroise.
"Oh! if we had but a few fellows as intelligent and courageous as he is
in our colonies, we should soon rake in all the scattered wealth of those
virgin lands. Well, Nicolas, as you are aware, went to Senegal with
Lisbeth, who was the very companion and helpmate he needed. Thanks to the
few thousand francs which they possessed between them, they soon
established a prosperous business; but I divined that the field was still
too small for them, and that they dreamt of clearing and conquering a
larger expanse. And now, all at once, Nicolas writes to me that he is
starting for the Soudan, the valley of the Niger, which has only lately
been opened. He is taking his wife and his four children with him, and
they are all going off to conquer as fortune may will it, like valiant
pioneers beset by the idea of founding a new world. I confess that it
amazes me, for it is a very hazardous enterprise. But all the same one
must admit that our Nicolas is a very plucky fellow, and one can't help
admiring his great energy and faith in thus setting out for an almost
unknown region, fully convinced that he will subject and populate it."

Silence fell. A great gust seemed to have swept by, the gust of the
infinite coming from the far away mysterious virgin plains. And the
family could picture that young fellow, one of themselves, going off
through the deserts, carrying the good seed of humanity under the
spreading sky into unknown climes.

"Ah!" said Benjamin softly, his eyes dilating and gazing far, far away as
if to the world's end; "ah! he's happy, for he sees other rivers, and
other forests, and other suns than ours!"

But Marianne shuddered. "No, no, my boy," said she; "there are no other
rivers than the Yeuse, no other forests but our woods of Lillebonne, no
other sun but that of Chantebled. Come and kiss me again--let us all kiss
once more, and I shall get well, and we shall never be parted again."

The laughter began afresh with the embraces. It was a great day, a day of
victory, the most decisive victory which the family had ever won by
refusing to let discord destroy it. Henceforth it would be invincible.

At twilight, on the evening of that day, Mathieu and Marianne again found
themselves, as on the previous evening, hand in hand near the window
whence they could see the estate stretching to the horizon; that horizon
behind which arose the breath of Paris, the tawny cloud of its gigantic
forge. But how little did that serene evening resemble the other, and how
great was their present felicity, their trust in the goodness of their

"Do you feel better?" Mathieu asked his wife; "do you feel your strength
returning; does your heart beat more freely?"

"Oh! my friend, I feel cured; I was only pining with grief. To-morrow I
shall be strong."

Then Mathieu sank into a deep reverie, as he sat there face to face with
his conquest--that estate which spread out under the setting sun. And
again, as in the morning, did recollections crowd upon him; he remembered
a morning more than forty years previously when he had left Marianne,
with thirty sous in her purse, in the little tumbledown shooting-box on
the verge of the woods. They lived there on next to nothing; they owed
money, they typified gay improvidence with the four little mouths which
they already had to feed, those children who had sprung from their love,
their faith in life.

Then he recalled his return home at night time, the three hundred francs,
a month's salary, which he had carried in his pocket, the calculations
which he had made, the cowardly anxiety which he had felt, disturbed as
he was by the poisonous egotism which he had encountered in Paris. There
were the Beauchenes, with their factory, and their only son, Maurice,
whom they were bringing up to be a future prince, the Beauchenes, who had
prophesied to him that he and his wife and their troop of children could
only expect a life of black misery, and death in a garret. There were
also the Seguins, then his landlords, who had shown him their millions,
and their magnificent mansion, full of treasures, crushing him the while,
treating him with derisive pity because he did not behave sensibly like
themselves, who were content with having but two children, a boy and a
girl. And even those poor Moranges had talked to him of giving a royal
dowry to their one daughter Reine, dreaming at that time of an
appointment that would bring in twelve thousand francs a year, and full
of contempt for the misery which a numerous family entails. And then the
very Lepailleurs, the people of the mill, had evinced distrust because
there were twelve francs owing to them for milk and eggs; for it had
seemed to them doubtful whether a bourgeois, insane enough to have so
many children, could possibly pay his debts. Ah! the views of the others
had then appeared to be correct; he had repeated to himself that he would
never have a factory, nor a mansion, nor even a mill, and that in all
probability he would never earn twelve thousand francs a year. The others
had everything and he nothing. The others, the rich, behaved sensibly,
and did not burden themselves with offspring; whereas, he, the poor man,
already had more children than he could provide for. What madness it had
seemed to be!

But forty years had rolled away, and behold his madness was wisdom! He
had conquered by his divine improvidence; the poor man had vanquished the
wealthy. He had placed his trust in the future, and now the whole harvest
was garnered. The Beauchene factory was his through his son Denis; the
Seguins' mansion was his through his son Ambroise; the Lepailleurs' mill
was his through his son Gregoire. Tragical, even excessive punishment,
had blown those sorry Moranges away in a tempest of blood and insanity.
And other social wastage had swept by and rolled into the gutter;
Seraphine, the useless creature, had succumbed to her passions; the
Moineauds had been dispersed, annihilated by their poisonous environment.
And he, Mathieu, and Marianne alone remained erect, face to face with
that estate of Chantebled, which they had conquered from the Seguins, and
where their children, Gervais and Claire, at present reigned, prolonging
the dynasty of their race. This was their kingdom; as far as the eye
could see the fields spread out with wondrous fertility under the sun's
farewell, proclaiming the battles, the heroic creative labor of their
lives. There was their work, there was what they had produced, whether in
the realm of animate or inanimate nature, thanks to the power of love
within them, and their energy of will. By love, and resolution, and
action, they had created a world.

"Look, look!" murmured Mathieu, waving his arm, "all that has sprung from
us, and we must continue to love, we must continue to be happy, in order
that it may all live."

"Ah!" Marianne gayly replied, "it will live forever now, since we have
all become reconciled and united amid our victory."

Victory! yes, it was the natural, necessary victory that is reaped by the
numerous family! Thanks to numbers they had ended by invading every
sphere and possessing everything. Fruitfulness was the invincible,
sovereign conqueress. Yet their conquest had not been meditated and
planned; ever serenely loyal in their dealings with others, they owed it
simply to the fulfilment of duty throughout their long years of toil. And
they now stood before it hand in hand, like heroic figures, glorious
because they had ever been good and strong, because they had created
abundantly, because they had given abundance of joy, and health, and hope
to the world amid all the everlasting struggles and the everlasting


AND Mathieu and Marianne lived more than a score of years longer, and
Mathieu was ninety years old and Marianne eighty-seven, when their three
eldest sons, Denis, Ambroise, and Gervais, ever erect beside them,
planned that they would celebrate their diamond wedding, the seventieth
anniversary of their marriage, by a fete at which they would assemble all
the members of the family at Chantebled.

It was no little affair. When they had drawn up a complete list, they
found that one hundred and fifty-eight children, grandchildren, and
great-grandchildren had sprung from Mathieu and Marianne, without
counting a few little ones of a fourth generation. By adding to the above
those who had married into the family as husbands and wives they would be
three hundred in number. And where at the farm could they find a room
large enough for the huge table of the patriarchal feast that they dreamt
of? The anniversary fell on June 2, and the spring that year was one of
incomparable mildness and beauty. So they decided that they would lunch
out of doors, and place the tables in front of the old pavilion, on the
large lawn, enclosed by curtains of superb elms and hornbeams, which gave
the spot the aspect of a huge hall of verdure. There they would be at
home, on the very breast of the beneficent earth, under the central and
now gigantic oak, planted by the two ancestors, whose blessed
fruitfulness the whole swarming progeny was about to celebrate.

Thus the festival was settled and organized amid a great impulse of love
and joy. All were eager to take part in it, all hastened to the triumphal
gathering, from the white-haired old men to the urchins who still sucked
their thumbs. And the broad blue sky and the flaming sun were bent on
participating in it also, as well as the whole estate, the streaming
springs and the fields in flower, giving promise of bounteous harvests.
Magnificent looked the huge horseshoe table set out amid the grass, with
handsome china and snowy cloths which the sunbeams flecked athwart the
foliage. The august pair, the father and mother, were to sit side by
side, in the centre, under the oak tree. It was decided also that the
other couples should not be separated, that it would be charming to place
them side by side according to the generation they belonged to. But as
for the young folks, the youths and maidens, the urchins and the little
girls, they, it was thought, might well be left to seat themselves as
their fancy listed.

Early in the morning those bidden to the feast began to arrive in bands;
the dispersed family returned to the common nest, swooping down upon it
from the four points of the compass. But alas! death's scythe had been at
work, and there were many who could not come. Departed ones slept, each
year more numerous, in the peaceful, flowery, Janville cemetery. Near
Rose and Blaise, who had been the first to depart, others had gone
thither to sleep the eternal sleep, each time carrying away a little more
of the family's heart, and making of that sacred spot a place of worship
and eternal souvenir. First Charlotte, after long illness, had joined
Blaise, happy in leaving Berthe to replace her beside Mathieu and
Marianne, who were heart-stricken by her death, as if indeed they were
for the second time losing their dear son. Afterwards their daughter
Claire had likewise departed from them, leaving the farm to her husband
Frederic and her brother Gervais, who likewise had become a widower
during the ensuing year. Then, too, Mathieu and Marianne had lost their
son Gregoire, the master of the mill, whose widow Therese still ruled
there amid a numerous progeny. And again they had to mourn another of
their daughters, the kind-hearted Marguerite, Dr. Chambouvet's wife, who
sickened and died, through having sheltered a poor workman's little
children, who were affected with croup. And the other losses could no
longer be counted among them were some who had married into the family,
wives and husbands, and there were in particular many children, the tithe
that death always exacts, those who are struck down by the storms which
sweep over the human crop, all the dear little ones for whom the living
weep, and who sanctify the ground in which they rest.

But if the dear departed yonder slept in deepest silence, how gay was the
uproar and how great the victory of life that morning along the roads
which led to Chantebled! The number of those who were born surpassed that
of those who died. From each that departed, a whole florescence of living
beings seemed to blossom forth. They sprang up in dozens from the ground
where their forerunners had laid themselves to sleep when weary of their
work. And they flocked to Chantebled from every side, even as swallows
return at spring to revivify their old nests, filling the blue sky with
the joy of their return. Outside the farm, vehicles were ever setting
down fresh families with troops of children, whose sea of fair heads was
always expanding. Great-grandfathers with snowy hair came leading little
ones who could scarcely toddle. There were very nice-looking old ladies
whom young girls of dazzling freshness assisted to alight. There were
mothers expecting the arrival of other babes, and fathers to whom the
charming idea had occurred of inviting their daughters' affianced lovers.
And they were all related, they had all sprung from a common ancestry,
they were all mingled in an inextricable tangle, fathers, mothers,
brothers, sisters, fathers-in-law, mothers-in-law, brothers-in-law,
sisters-in-law, sons, daughters, uncles, aunts, and cousins, of every
possible degree, down to the fourth generation. And they were all one
family; one sole little nation, assembling in joy and pride to celebrate
that diamond wedding, the rare prodigious nuptials of two heroic
creatures whom life had glorified and from whom all had sprung! And what
an epic, what a Biblical numbering of that people suggested itself! How
even name all those who entered the farm, how simply set forth their
names, their ages, their degree of relationship, the health, the
strength, and the hope that they had brought into the world!

Before everybody else there were those of the farm itself, all those who
had been born and who had grown up there. Gervais, now sixty-two, was
helped by his two eldest sons, Leon and Henri, who between them had ten
children; while his three daughters, Mathilde, Leontine, and Julienne,
who were married in the district, in like way numbered between them
twelve. Then Frederic, Claire's husband, who was five years older than
Gervais, had surrendered his post as a faithful lieutenant to his son
Joseph, while his daughters Angele and Lucille, as well as a second son
Jules, also helped on the farm, the four supplying a troop of fifteen
children, some of them boys and some girls.

Then, of all those who came from without, the mill claimed the first
place. Therese, Gregoire's widow, arrived with her offspring, her son
Robert, who now managed the mill under her control, and her three
daughters, Genevieve, Aline, and Natalie, followed by quite a train of
children, ten belonging to the daughters and four to Robert. Next came
Louise, notary Mazaud's wife, and Madeleine, architect Herbette's wife,
followed by Dr. Chambouvet, who had lost his wife, the good Marguerite.
And here again were three valiant companies; in the first, four
daughters, of whom Colette was the eldest; in the second, five sons with
Hilary at the head of them; and in the third, a son and daughter only,
Sebastien and Christine; the whole, however, forming quite an army, for
there were twenty of Mathieu's great-grandchildren in the rear.

But Paris arrived on the scene with Denis and his wife Marthe, who headed
a grand cortege. Denis, now nearly seventy, and a great-grandfather
through his daughters Hortense and Marcelle, had enjoyed the happy rest
which follows accomplished labor ever since he had handed his works over
to his eldest sons Lucien and Paul, who were both men of more than forty,
and whose own sons were already on the road to every sort of fortune. And
what with the mother and father, the four children, the fifteen
grandchildren, and the three great-grandchildren, two of whom were yet in
swaddling clothes, this was really an invading tribe packed into five

Then the final entry was that of the little nation which had sprung from
Ambroise, who to his great grief had early lost his wife Andree. His was
such a green old age that at sixty-seven he still directed his business,
in which his sons Leonce and Charles remained simple _employes_ like his
sons-in-law--the husbands of his daughters, Pauline and Sophie--who
trembled before him, uncontested king that he remained, obeyed by one and
all, grandfather of seven big bearded young men and nine strong young
women, through four of whom he had become a great-grandfather even before
his elder, the wise Denis. For this troop six carriages were required.
And the defile lasted two hours, and the farm was soon full of a happy,
laughing throng, holiday-making in the bright June sunlight.

Mathieu and Marianne had not yet put in an appearance. Ambroise, who was
the grand master of the ceremonies that day, had made them promise to
remain in their room, like sovereigns hidden from their people, until he
should go to fetch them. He desired that they should appear in all
solemnity. And when he made up his mind to summon them, the whole nation
being assembled together, he found his brother Benjamin on the threshold
of the house defending the door like a bodyguard.

He, Benjamin, had remained the one idler, the one unfruitful scion of
that swarming tribe, which had toiled and multiplied so prodigiously. Now
three-and-forty years of age, without a wife and without children, he
lived, it seemed, solely for the joy of the old home, as a companion to
his father and a passionate worshipper of his mother, who with the
egotism of love had set themselves upon keeping him for themselves alone.
At first they had not been opposed to his marrying, but when they had
seen him refuse one match after another, they had secretly felt great
delight. Nevertheless, as years rolled by, some unacknowledged remorse
had come to them amid their happiness at having him beside them like some
hoarded treasure, the delight of an avaricious old age, following a life
of prodigality. Did not their Benjamin suffer at having been thus
monopolized, shut up for their sole pleasure within the four walls of
their house? He had at all times displayed an anxious dreaminess, his
eyes had ever sought far-away things, the unknown land where perfect
satisfaction dwelt, yonder, behind the horizon. And now that age was
stealing upon him his torment seemed to increase, as if he were in
despair at finding himself unable to try the possibilities of the
unknown, before he ended a useless life devoid of happiness.

However, Benjamin moved away from the door, Ambroise gave his orders, and
Mathieu and Marianne appeared upon the verdant lawn in the sunlight. An
acclamation, merry laughter, affectionate clapping of hands greeted them.
The gay excited throng, the whole swarming family cried aloud: "Long live
the Father! Long live the Mother! Long life, long life to the Father and
the Mother!"

At ninety years of age Mathieu was still very upright and slim, closely
buttoned in a black frock-coat like a young bridegroom. Over his bare
head fell a snowy fleece, for after long wearing his hair cut short he
had now in a final impulse of coquetry allowed it to grow, so that it
seemed liked the _renouveau_ of an old but vigorous tree. Age might have
withered and worn and wrinkled his face, but he still retained the eyes
of his young days, large lustrous eyes, at once smiling and pensive,
which still bespoke a man of thought and action, one who was very simple,
very gay, and very good-hearted. And Marianne at eighty-seven years of
age also held herself very upright in her light bridal gown, still strong
and still showing some of the healthy beauty of other days. With hair
white like Mathieu's, and softened face, illumined as by a last glow
under her silky tresses, she resembled one of those sacred marbles whose
features time has ravined, without, however, being able to efface from
them the tranquil splendor of life. She seemed, indeed, like some
fruitful Cybele, retaining all firmness of contour, and living anew in
the broad daylight with gentle good humor sparkling in her large black

Arm-in-arm close to one another, like a worthy couple who had come from
afar, who had walked on side by side without ever parting for seventy
long years, Mathieu and Marianne smiled with tears of joy in their eyes
at the whole swarming family which had sprung from their love, and which
still acclaimed them:

"Long live the Father! Long live the Mother! Long life, long life to the
Father and the Mother!"

Then came the ceremony of reciting a compliment and offering a bouquet. A
fair-haired little girl named Rose, five years of age, had been intrusted
with this duty. She had been chosen because she was the eldest child of
the fourth generation. She was the daughter of Angeline, who was the
daughter of Berthe, who was the daughter of Charlotte, wife of Blaise.
And when the two ancestors saw her approach them with her big bouquet,
their emotion increased, happy tears again gathered in their eyes, and
recollections faltered on their lips: "Oh! our little Rose! Our Blaise,
our Charlotte!"

All the past revived before them. The name of Rose had been given to the
child in memory of the other long-mourned Rose, who had been the first to
leave them, and who slept yonder in the little cemetery. There in his
turn had Blaise been laid, and thither Charlotte had followed them. Then
Berthe, Blaise's daughter, who had married Philippe Havard, had given
birth to Angeline. And, later, Angeline, having married Georges Delmas,
had given birth to Rose. Berthe and Philippe Havard, Angeline and Georges
Delmas stood behind the child. And she represented one and all, the dead,
the living, the whole flourishing line, its many griefs, its many joys,
all the valiant toil of creation, all the river of life that it typified,
for everything ended in her, dear, frail, fair-haired angel, with eyes
bright like the dawn, in whose depths the future sparkled.

"Oh! our Rose! our Rose!"

With a big bouquet between her little hands Rose had stepped forward. She
had been learning a very fine compliment for a fortnight past, and that
very morning she had recited it to her mother without making a single
mistake. But when she found herself there among all these people she
could not recollect a word of it. Still that did not trouble her, she was
already a very bold little damsel, and she frankly dropped her bouquet
and sprang at the necks of Mathieu and Marianne, exclaiming in her
shrill, flute-like voice: "Grandpapa, grandmamma, it's your fete, and I
kiss you with all my heart!"

And that suited everybody remarkably well. They even found it far better
than any compliment. Laughter and clapping of hands and acclamations
again arose. Then they forthwith began to take their seats at table.

This, however, was quite an affair, so large was the horse-shoe table
spread out under the oak on the short, freshly cut grass. First Mathieu
and Marianne, still arm in arm, went ceremoniously to seat themselves in
the centre with their backs towards the trunk of the great tree. On
Mathieu's left, Marthe and Denis, Louise and her husband, notary Mazaud,
took their places, since it had been fittingly decided that the husbands
and wives should not be separated. On the right of Marianne came
Ambroise, Therese, Gervais, Dr. Chambouvet, three widowers and a widow,
then another married couple, Madeleine and her husband, architect
Herbette, and then Benjamin alone. The other married folks afterwards
installed themselves according to the generation they belonged to; and
then, as had been decided, youth and childhood, the whole troop of young
people and little ones took seats as they pleased amid no little

What a moment of sovereign glory it was for Mathieu and Marianne! They
found themselves there in a triumph of which they would never have dared
to dream. Life, as if to reward them for having shown faith in her, for
having increased her sway with all bravery, seemed to have taken pleasure
in prolonging their existences beyond the usual limits so that their eyes
might behold the marvellous blossoming of their work. The whole of their
dear Chantebled, everything good and beautiful that they had there
begotten and established, participated in the festival. From the
cultivated fields that they had set in the place of marshes came the
broad quiver of great coming harvests; from the pasture lands amid the
distant woods came the warm breath of cattle and innumerable flocks which
ever increased the ark of life; and they heard, too, the loud babble of
the captured springs with which they had fertilized the now fruitful
moorlands, the flow of that water which is like the very blood of our
mother earth. The social task was accomplished, bread was won,
subsistence had been created, drawn from the nothingness of barren soil.

And on what a lovely and well-loved spot did their happy, grateful race
offer them that festival! Those elms and hornbeams, which made the lawn a
great hall of greenery, had been planted by themselves; they had seen
them growing day by day like the most peaceable and most sturdy of their
children. And in particular that oak, now so gigantic, thanks to the
clear waters of the adjoining basin through which one of the sources ever
streamed, was their own big son, one that dated from the day when they
had founded Chantebled, he, Mathieu, digging the hole and she, Marianne,
holding the sapling erect. And now, as that tree stood there, shading
them with its expanse of verdure, was it not like some royal symbol of
the whole family? Like that oak the family had grown and multiplied, ever
throwing out fresh branches which spread far over the ground; and like
that oak it now formed by itself a perfect forest sprung from a single
trunk, vivified by the same sap, strong in the same health, and full of
song, and breeziness, and sunlight.

Leaning against that giant tree Mathieu and Marianne became merged in its
sovereign glory and majesty, and was not their royalty akin to its own?
Had they not begotten as many beings as the tree had begotten branches?
Did they not reign there over a nation of their children, who lived by
them, even as the leaves above lived by the tree? The three hundred big
and little ones seated around them were but a prolongation of themselves;
they belonged to the same tree of life, they had sprung from their love
and still clung to them by every fibre. Mathieu and Marianne divined how
joyous they all were at glorifying themselves in making much of them; how
moved the elder ones, how turbulently merry the younger felt. They could
hear their own hearts beating in the breasts of the fair-haired urchins
who already laughed with ecstasy at the sight of the cakes and pastry on
the table. And their work of human creation was assembled in front of
them and within them, in the same way as the oak's huge dome spread out
above it; and all around they were likewise encompassed by the
fruitfulness of their other work, the fertility and growth of nature
which had increased even as they themselves multiplied.

Then was the true beauty which had its abode in Mathieu and Marianne made
manifest, that beauty of having loved one another for seventy years and
of still worshipping one another now even as on the first day. For
seventy years had they trod life's pathway side by side and arm in arm,
without a quarrel, without ever a deed of unfaithfulness. They could
certainly recall great sorrows, but these had always come from without.
And if they had sometimes sobbed they had consoled one another by
mingling their tears. Under their white locks they had retained the faith
of their early days, their hearts remained blended, merged one into the
other, even as on the morrow of their marriage, each having then been
freely given and never taken back. In them the power of love, the will of
action, the divine desire whose flame creates worlds, had happily met and
united. He, adoring his wife, had known no other joy than the passion of
creation, looking on the work that had to be performed and the work that
was accomplished as the sole why and wherefore of his being, his duty and
his reward. She, adoring her husband, had simply striven to be a true
companion, spouse, mother, and good counsellor, one who was endowed with
delicacy of judgment and helped to overcome all difficulties. Between
them they were reason, and health, and strength. If, too, they had always
triumphed athwart obstacles and tears, it was only by reason of their
long agreement, their common fealty amid an eternal renewal of their
love, whose armor rendered them invincible. They could not be conquered,
they had conquered by the very power of their union without designing it.
And they ended heroically, as conquerors of happiness, hand in hand, pure
as crystal is, very great, very handsome, the more so from their extreme
age, their long, long life, which one love had entirely filled. And the
sole strength of their innumerable offspring now gathered there, the
conquering tribe that had sprung from their loins, was the strength of
union inherited from them: the loyal love transmitted from ancestors to
children, the mutual affection which impelled them to help one another
and ever fight for a better life in all brotherliness.

But mirthful sounds arose, the banquet was at last being served. All the
servants of the farm had gathered to discharge this duty--they would not
allow a single person from without to help them. Nearly all had grown up
on the estate, and belonged, as it were, to the family. By and by they
would have a table for themselves, and in their turn celebrate the
diamond wedding. And it was amid exclamations and merry laughter that
they brought the first dishes.

All at once, however, the serving ceased, silence fell, an unexpected
incident attracted all attention. A young man, whom none apparently could
recognize, was stepping across the lawn, between the arms of the
horse-shoe table. He smiled gayly as he walked on, only stopping when he
was face to face with Mathieu and Marianne. Then in a loud voice he said:
"Good day, grandfather! good day, grandmother! You must have another
cover laid, for I have come to celebrate the day with you."

The onlookers remained silent, in great astonishment. Who was this young
man whom none had ever seen before? Assuredly he could not belong to the
family, for they would have known his name, have recognized his face?
Why, then, did he address the ancestors by the venerated names of
grandfather and grandmother? And the stupefaction was the greater by
reason of his extraordinary resemblance to Mathieu. Assuredly, he was a
Froment, he had the bright eyes and the lofty tower-like forehead of the
race. Mathieu lived again in him, such as he appeared in a
piously-preserved portrait representing him at the age of
seven-and-twenty when he had begun the conquest of Chantebled.

Mathieu, for his part, rose, trembling, while Marianne smiled divinely,
for she understood the truth before all the others.

"Who are you, my child?" asked Mathieu, "you, who call me grandfather,
and who resemble me as if you were my brother?"

"I am Dominique, the eldest son of your son Nicolas, who lives with my
mother, Lisbeth, in the vast free country yonder, the other France!"

"And how old are you?"

"I shall be seven-and-twenty next August, when, yonder, the waters of the
Niger, the good giant, come back to fertilize our spreading fields."

"And tell us, are you married, have you any children?"

"I have taken for my wife a French woman, born in Senegal, and in the
brick house which I have built, four children are already growing up
under the flaming sun of the Soudan."

"And tell us also, have you any brothers, any sisters?"

"My father, Nicolas, and Lisbeth, my mother, have had eighteen children,
two of whom are dead. We are sixteen, nine boys and seven girls."

At this Mathieu laughed gayly, as if to say that his son Nicolas at fifty
years of age had already proved a more valiant artisan of life than

"Well then, my boy," he said, "since you are the son of my son Nicolas,
come and embrace us to celebrate our wedding. And a cover shall be placed
for you; you are at home here."

In four strides Dominique made the round of the tables, then cast his
strong arms about the old people and embraced them--they the while
feeling faint with happy emotion, so delightful was that surprise, yet
another child falling among them, and on that day, as from some distant
sky, and telling them of the other family, the other nation which had
sprung from them, and which was swarming yonder with increase of
fruitfulness amid the fiery glow of the tropics.

That surprise was due to the sly craft of Ambroise, who merrily explained
how he had prepared it like a masterly coup de theatre. For a week past
he had been lodging and hiding Dominique in his house in Paris; the young
man having been sent from the Soudan by his father to negotiate certain
business matters, and in particular to order of Denis a quantity of
special agricultural machinery adapted to the soil of that far-away
region. Thus Denis alone had been taken into the other's confidence.

When all those seated at the table saw Dominique in the old people's
arms, and learnt the whole story, there came an extraordinary outburst of
delight; deafening acclamations arose once more; and what with their
enthusiastic greetings and embraces they almost stifled the messenger
from the sister family, that prince of the second dynasty of the Froments
which ruled in the land of the future France.

Mathieu gayly gave his orders: "There, place his cover in front of us! He
alone will be in front of us like the ambassador of some powerful empire.
Remember that, apart from his father and mother, he represents nine
brothers and seven sisters, without counting the four children that he
already has himself. There, my boy, sit down; and now let the service

The feast proved a mirthful one under the big oak tree whose shade was
spangled by the sunbeams. Delicious freshness arose from the grass,
friendly nature seemed to contribute its share of caresses. The laughter
never ceased, old folks became playful children once more in presence of
the ninety and the eighty-seven years of the bridegroom and the bride.
Faces beamed softly under white and dark and sunny hair; the whole
assembly was joyful, beautiful with a healthy rapturous beauty; the
children radiant, the youths superb, the maidens adorable, the married
folk united, side by side. And what good appetites there were! What a gay
tumult greeted the advent of each fresh dish! And how the good wine was
honored to celebrate the goodness of life which had granted the two
patriarchs the supreme grace of assembling them all at their table on
such a glorious occasion! At dessert came toasts and health-drinking and
fresh acclamations. But, amid all the chatter which flew from one to the
other end of the table, the conversation invariably reverted to the
surprise at the outset: that triumphal entry of the brotherly ambassador.
It was he, his unexpected presence, all that he had not yet said, all the
adventurous romance which he surely personated, that fanned the growing
fever, the excitement of the family, intoxicated by that open-air gala.
And as soon as the coffee was served no end of questions arose on every
side, and he had to speak out.

"Well, what can I say?" he replied, laughing, to a question put to him by
Ambroise, who wished to know what he thought of Chantebled, where he had
taken him for a stroll during the morning. "I'm afraid that if I speak in
all frankness, you won't think me very complimentary. Cultivation, no
doubt, is quite an art here, a splendid effort of will and science and
organization, as is needed to draw from this old soil such crops as it
can still produce. You toil a great deal, and you effect prodigies. But,
good heavens! how small your kingdom is! How can you live here without
hurting yourselves by ever rubbing against other people's elbows? You are
all heaped up to such a degree that you no longer have the amount of air
needful for a man's lungs. Your largest stretches of land, what you call
your big estates, are mere clods of soil where the few cattle that one
sees look to me like lost ants. But ah! the immensity of our Niger; the
immensity of the plains it waters; the immensity of our fields, whose
only limit is the distant horizon!"

Benjamin had listened, quivering. Ever since that son of the great river
had arrived, he had continued gazing at him, with passion rising in his
dreamy eyes. And on hearing him speak in this fashion he could no longer
restrain himself, but rose, went round the table, and sat down beside

"The Niger--the immense plains--tell us all about them," he said.

"The Niger, the good giant, the father of us all over yonder!" responded
Dominique. "I was barely eight years old when my parents quitted Senegal,
yielding to an impulse of reckless bravery and wild hope, possessed by a
craving to plunge into the Soudan and conquer as chance might will it.
There are many days' march among rocks and scrub and rivers from St.
Louis to our present farm, far beyond Djenny. And I no longer remember
the first journey. It seems to me as if I sprang from good father Niger
himself, from the wondrous fertility of his waters. He is gentle but
immense, rolling countless waves like the sea, and so broad, so vast,
that no bridge can span him as he flows from horizon to horizon. He
carries archipelagoes on his breast, and stretches out arms covered with
herbage like pasture land. And there are the depths where flotillas of
huge fishes roam at their ease. Father Niger has his tempests, too, and
his days of fire, when his waters beget life in the burning clasp of the
sun. And he has his delightful nights, his soft and rosy nights, when
peace descends on earth from the stars. . . . He is the ancestor, the
founder, the fertilizer of the Western Soudan, which he has dowered with
incalculable wealth, wresting it from the invasion of neighboring
Saharas, building it up of his own fertile ooze. It is he who every year
at regular seasons floods the valley like an ocean and leaves it rich,
pregnant, as it were, with amazing vegetation. Even like the Nile, he has
vanquished the sands; he is the father of untold generations, the
creative deity of a world as yet unknown, which in later times will
enrich old Europe. . . . And the valley of the Niger, the good giant's
colossal daughter. Ah! what pure immensity is hers; what a flight, so to
say, into the infinite! The plain opens and expands, unbroken and
limitless. Ever and ever comes the plain, fields are succeeded by other
fields stretching out of sight, whose end a plough would only reach in
months and months. All the food needed for a great nation will be reaped
there when cultivation is practised with a little courage and a little
science, for it is still a virgin kingdom such as the good river created
it, thousands of years ago. To-morrow this kingdom will belong to the
workers who are bold enough to take it, each carving for himself a domain
as large as his strength of toil can dream of; not an estate of acres,
but leagues and leagues of ploughland wavy with eternal crops. . . . And
what breadth of atmosphere there is in that immensity! What delight it is
to inhale all the air of that space at one breath, and how healthy and
strong the life, for one is no longer piled one upon the other, but one
feels free and powerful, master of that part of the earth which one has
desired under the sun which shines for all."

Benjamin listened and questioned, never satisfied. "How are you installed
there?" he asked. "How do you live? What are your habits? What is your

Dominique began to laugh again, conscious as he was that he was
astonishing, upsetting all these unknown relatives who pressed so close
to him, aglow with increasing curiosity. Women and old men had in turn
left their places to draw near to him; even children had gathered around,
as if to listen to a fine story.

"Oh! we live in republican fashion," said he; "every member of our
community has to help in the common fraternal task. The family counts
more or less expert artisans of all kinds for the rough work. My father
in particular has revealed himself to be a very skilful mason, for he had
to build a place for us when we arrived. He even made his own bricks,
thanks to some deposits of clayey soil which exist near Djenny. So our
farm is now a little village: each married couple will have its own
house. Then, too, we are not only agriculturists, we are fishermen and
hunters also. We have our boats; the Niger abounds in fish to an
extraordinary degree, and there are wonderful hauls at times. And even
the shooting and hunting would suffice to feed us; game is plentiful,
there are partridges and wild guinea-fowl, not to mention the flamingoes,
the pelicans, the egrets, the thousands of creatures who do not prey on
one another. Black lions visit us at times: eagles fly slowly over our
heads; at dusk hippopotami come in parties of three and four to gambol in
the river with the clumsy grace of negro children bathing. But, after
all, we are more particularly cultivators, kings of the plain, especially
when the waters of the Niger withdraw after fertilizing our fields. Our
estate has no limits; it stretches as far as we can labor. And ah! if you
could only see the natives, who do not even plough, but have few if any
appliances beyond sticks, with which they just scratch the soil before
confiding the seed to it! There is no trouble, no worry; the earth is
rich, the sun ardent, and thus the crop will always be a fine one. When
we ourselves employ the plough, when we bestow a little care on the soil
which teems with life, what prodigious crops there are, an abundance of
grain such as your barns could never hold! As soon as we possess the
agricultural machinery, which I have come to order here in France, we
shall need flotillas of boats in order to send you the overplus of our
granaries. . . . When the river subsides, when its waters fall, the crop
we more particularly grow is rice; there are, indeed, plains of rice,
which occasionally yield two crops. Then come millet and ground-beans,
and by and by will come corn, when we can grow it on a large scale. Vast
cotton fields follow one after the other, and we also grow manioc and
indigo, while in our kitchen gardens we have onions and pimentoes, and
gourds and cucumbers. And I don't mention the natural vegetation, the
precious gum-trees, of which we possess quite a forest; the butter-trees,
the flour-trees, the silk-trees, which grow on our ground like briers
alongside your roads. . . . Finally, we are shepherds; we own
ever-increasing flocks, whose numbers we don't even know. Our goats, our
bearded sheep may be counted by the thousand; our horses scamper freely
through paddocks as large as cities, and when our hunch-backed cattle
come down to the Niger to drink at that hour of serene splendor the
sunset, they cover a league of the river banks. . . . And, above
everything else, we are free men and joyous men, working for the delight
of living without restraint, and our reward is the thought that our work
is very great and good and beautiful, since it is the creation of another
France, the sovereign France of to-morrow."

From that moment Dominique paused no more. There was no longer any need
to question him, he poured forth all the beauty and grandeur in his mind.
He spoke of Djenny, the ancient queen city, whose people and whose
monuments came from Egypt, the city which even yet reigns over the
valley. He spoke of four other centres, Bamakoo, Niamina, Segu, and
Sansandig, big villages which would some day be great towns. And he spoke
particularly of Timbuctoo the glorious, so long unknown, with a veil of
legends cast over it as if it were some forbidden paradise, with its
gold, its ivory, its beautiful women, all rising like a mirage of
inaccessible delight beyond the devouring sands. He spoke of Timbuctoo,
the gate of the Sahara and the Western Soudan, the frontier town where
life ended and met and mingled, whither the camel of the desert brought
the weapons and merchandise of Europe as well as salt, that indispensable
commodity, and where the pirogues of the Niger landed the precious ivory,
the surface gold, the ostrich feathers, the gum, the crops, all the
wealth of the fruitful valley. He spoke of Timbuctoo the store-place, the
metropolis and market of Central Africa, with its piles of ivory, its
piles of virgin gold, its sacks of rice, millet, and ground-nuts, its
cakes of indigo, its tufts of ostrich plumes, its metals, its dates, its
stuffs, its iron-ware, and particularly its slabs of rock salt, brought
on the backs of beasts of burden from Taudeni, the frightful Saharian
city of salt, whose soil is salt for leagues around, an infernal mine of
that salt which is so precious in the Soudan that it serves as a medium
of exchange, as money more precious even than gold. And finally, he spoke
of Timbuctoo impoverished, fallen from its high estate, the opulent and
resplendent city of former times now almost in ruins, hiding remnants of
its treasures behind cracked walls in fear of the robbers of the desert;
but withal apt to become once more a city of glory and fortune, royally
seated as it is between the Soudan, that granary of abundance, and the
Sahara, the road to Europe, as soon as France shall have opened that
road, have connected the provinces of her new empire, and have founded
that huge new France of which the ancient fatherland will be but the
directing mind.

"That is the dream!" cried Dominique, "that is the gigantic work which
the future will achieve! Algeria, connected with Timbuctoo by the Sahara
railway line, over which electric engines will carry the whole of old
Europe through the far expanse of sand! Timbuctoo connected with Senegal
by flotillas of steam vessels and yet other railways, all intersecting
the vast empire on every side! New France connected with mother France,
the old land, by a wondrous development of the means of communication,
and founded, and got ready for the hundred millions of inhabitants who
will some day spring up there! . . . Doubtless these things cannot be
done in a night. The trans-Saharian railway is not yet laid down; there
are two thousand five hundred kilometres* of bare desert to be crossed
which can hardly tempt railway companies; and a certain amount of
prosperity must be developed by starting cultivation, seeking and working
mines, and increasing exportations before a pecuniary effort can be
possible on the part of the motherland. Moreover, there is the question
of the natives, mostly of gentle race, though some are ferocious bandits,
whose savagery is increased by religious fanaticism, thus rendering the
difficulties of our conquest all the greater. Until the terrible problem
of Islamism is solved we shall always be coming in conflict with it. And
only life, long years of life, can create a new nation, adapt it to the
new land, blend diverse elements together, and yield normal existence,
homogeneous strength, and genius proper to the clime. But no matter! From
this day a new France is born yonder, a huge empire; and it needs our
blood--and some must be given it, in order that it may be peopled and be
able to draw its incalculable wealth from the soil, and become the
greatest, the strongest, and the mightiest in the world!"

  * About 1,553 English miles.

Transported with enthusiasm, quivering at the thought of the distant
ideal at last revealed to him, Benjamin sat there with tears in his eyes.
Ah! the healthy life! the noble life! the other life! the whole mission
and work of which he had as yet but confusedly dreamt! Again he asked a
question: "And are there many French families there, colonizing like

Dominique burst into a loud laugh. "Oh, no," said he, "there are
certainly a few colonists in our old possessions of Senegal, but yonder
in the Niger valley, beyond Djenny, there are, I think, only ourselves.
We are the pioneers, the vanguard, the riskers full of faith and hope.
And there is some merit in it, for to sensible stay-at-home folks it all
seems like defying common sense. Can you picture it? A French family
installed among savages, and unprotected, save for the vicinity of a
little fort, where a French officer commands a dozen native soldiers--a
French family, which is sometimes called upon to fight in person, and
which establishes a farm in a land where the fanaticism of some head
tribesman may any day stir up trouble. It seems so insane that folks get
angry at the mere thought of it, yet it enraptures us and gives us gayety
and health, and the courage to achieve victory. We are opening the road,
we are giving the example, we are carrying our dear old France yonder,
taking to ourselves a huge expanse of virgin land, which will become a
province. We have already founded a village which in a hundred years will
be a great town. In the colonies no race is more fruitful than the
French, though it seems to become barren on its own ancient soil. Thus we
shall swarm and swarm, and fill the world! So come then, come then, all
of you; since here you are set too closely, since you lack air in your
little fields and your overheated, pestilence-breeding towns. There is
room for everybody yonder; there are new lands, there is open air that
none has breathed, and there is a task to be accomplished which will make
all of you heroes, strong, sturdy men, well pleased to live! Come with
me. I will take the men, I will take all the women who are willing, and
you will carve for yourselves other provinces and found other cities for
the future glory and power of the great new France."

He laughed so gayly, he was so handsome, so spirited, so robust, that
once again the whole table acclaimed him. They would certainly not follow
him yonder, for all those married couples already had their own nests;
and all those young folks were already too strongly rooted to the old
land by the ties of their race--a race which after displaying such
adventurous instincts has now fallen asleep, as it were, at its own
fireside. But what a marvellous story it all was--a story to which big
and little alike, had listened in rapture, and which to-morrow would,
doubtless, arouse within them a passion for glorious enterprise far away!
The seed of the unknown was sown, and would grow into a crop of fabulous

For the moment Benjamin was the only one who cried amid the enthusiasm
which drowned his words: "Yes, yes, I want to live. Take me, take me with

But Dominique resumed, by way of conclusion: "And there is one thing,
grandfather, which I have not yet told you. My father has given the name
of Chantebled to our farm yonder. He often tells us how you founded your
estate here, in an impulse of far-seeing audacity, although everybody
jeered and shrugged their shoulders and declared that you must be mad.
And, yonder, my father has to put up with the same derision, the same
contemptuous pity, for people declare that the good Niger will some day
sweep away our village, even if a band of prowling natives does not kill
and eat us! But I'm easy in mind about all that, we shall conquer as you
conquered, for what seems to be the folly of action is really divine
wisdom. There will be another kingdom of the Froments yonder, another
huge Chantebled, of which you and my grandmother will be the ancestors,
the distant patriarchs, worshipped like deities. . . . And I drink to
your health, grandfather, and I drink to yours, grandmother, on behalf of
your other future people, who will grow up full of spirit under the
burning sun of the tropics!"

Then with great emotion Mathieu, who had risen, replied in a powerful
voice: "To your health! my boy. To the health of my son Nicolas, his
wife, Lisbeth, and all who have been born from them! And to the health of
all who will follow, from generation to generation!"

And Marianne, who had likewise risen, in her turn said: "To the health of
your wives, and your daughters, your spouses and your mothers! To the
health of those who will love and produce the greatest sum of life, in
order that the greatest possible sum of happiness may follow!"

Then, the banquet ended, they quitted the table and spread freely over
the lawn. There was a last ovation around Mathieu and Marianne, who were
encompassed by their eager offspring. At one and the same time a score of
arms were outstretched, carrying children, whose fair or dark heads they
were asked to kiss. Aged as they were, returning to a divine state of
childhood, they did not always recognize those little lads and lasses.
They made mistakes, used wrong names, fancied that one child was another.
Laughter thereupon arose, the mistakes were rectified, and appeals were
made to the old people's memory. They likewise laughed, the errors were
amusing, but it mattered little if they no longer remembered a name, the
child at any rate belonged to the harvest that had sprung from them.

Then there were certain granddaughters and great-granddaughters whom they
themselves summoned and kissed by way of bringing good luck to the babes
that were expected, the children of their children's children, the race
which would ever spread and perpetuate them through the far-off ages. And
there were mothers, also, who were nursing, mothers whose little ones,
after sleeping quietly during the feast, had now awakened, shrieking
their hunger aloud. These had to be fed, and the mothers merrily seated
themselves together under the trees and gave them the breast in all
serenity. Therein lay the royal beauty of woman, wife and mother;
fruitful maternity triumphed over virginity by which life is slain. Ah!
might manners and customs change, might the idea of morality and the idea
of beauty be altered, and the world recast, based on the triumphant
beauty of the mother suckling her babe in all the majesty of her
symbolism! From fresh sowings there ever came fresh harvests, the sun
ever rose anew above the horizon, and milk streamed forth endlessly like
the eternal sap of living humanity. And that river of milk carried life
through the veins of the world, and expanded and overflowed for the
centuries of the future.

The greatest possible sum of life in order that the greatest possible
happiness might result: that was the act of faith in life, the act of
hope in the justice and goodness of life's work. Victorious fruitfulness
remained the one true force, the sovereign power which alone moulded the
future. She was the great revolutionary, the incessant artisan of
progress, the mother of every civilization, ever re-creating her army of
innumerable fighters, throwing through the centuries millions after
millions of poor and hungry and rebellious beings into the fight for
truth and justice. Not a single forward step in history has ever been
taken without numerousness having urged humanity forward. To-morrow, like
yesterday, will be won by the swarming of the multitude whose quest is
happiness. And to-morrow will give the benefits which our age has
awaited; economic equality obtained even as political equality has been
obtained; a just apportionment of wealth rendered easy; and compulsory
work re-established as the one glorious and essential need.

It is not true that labor has been imposed on mankind as punishment for
sin, it is on the contrary an honor, a mark of nobility, the most
precious of boons, the joy, the health, the strength, the very soul of
the world, which itself labors incessantly, ever creating the future. And
misery, the great, abominable social crime, will disappear amid the
glorification of labor, the distribution of the universal task among one
and all, each accepting his legitimate share of duties and rights. And
may children come, they will simply be instruments of wealth, they will
but increase the human capital, the free happiness of a life in which the
children of some will no longer be beasts of burden, or food for
slaughter or for vice, to serve the egotism of the children of others.
And life will then again prove the conqueror; there will come the
renascence of life, honored and worshipped, the religion of life so long
crushed beneath the hateful nightmare of Roman Catholicism, from which on
divers occasions the nations have sought to free themselves by violence,
and which they will drive away at last on the now near day when cult and
power, and sovereign beauty shall be vested in the fruitful earth and the
fruitful spouse.

In that last resplendent hour of eventide, Mathieu and Marianne reigned
by virtue of their numerous race. They ended as heroes of life, because
of the great creative work which they had accomplished amid battle and
toil and grief. Often had they sobbed, but with extreme old age had come
peace, deep smiling peace, made up of the good labor performed and the
certainty of approaching rest while their children and their children's
children resumed the fight, labored and suffered, lived in their own
turn. And a part of Mathieu and Marianne's heroic grandeur sprang from
the divine desire with which they had glowed, the desire which moulds and
regulates the world. They were like a sacred temple in which the god had
fixed his abode, they were animated by the inextinguishable fire with
which the universe ever burns for the work of continual creation. Their
radiant beauty under their white hair came from the light which yet
filled their eyes, the light of love's power, which age had been unable
to extinguish. Doubtless, as they themselves jestingly remarked at times,
they had been prodigals, their family had been such a large one. But,
after all, had they not been right? Their children had diminished no
other's share, each had come with his or her own means of subsistence.
And, besides, 'tis good to garner in excess when the granaries of a
country are empty. Many such improvidents are needed to combat the
egotism of others at times of great dearth. Amid all the frightful loss
and wastage, the race is strengthened, the country is made afresh, a good
civic example is given by such healthy prodigality as Mathieu and
Marianne had shown.

But a last act of heroism was required of them. A month after the
festival, when Dominique was on the point of returning to the Soudan,
Benjamin one evening told them of his passion, of the irresistible
summons from the unknown distant plains, which he could but obey.

"Dear father, darling mother, let me go with Dominique! I have struggled,
I feel horrified with myself at quitting you thus, at your great age. But
I suffer too dreadfully; my soul is full of yearnings, and seems ready to
burst; and I shall die of shameful sloth, if I do not go."

They listened with breaking hearts. Their son's words did not surprise
them; they had heard them coming ever since their diamond wedding. And
they trembled, and felt that they could not refuse; for they knew that
they were guilty in having kept their last-born in the family nest after
surrendering to life all the others. Ah! how insatiable life was--it
would not so much as suffer that tardy avarice of theirs; it demanded
even the precious, discreetly hidden treasure from which, with jealous
egotism, they had dreamt of parting only when they might find themselves
upon the threshold of the grave.

Deep silence reigned; but at last Mathieu slowly answered: "I cannot keep
you back, my son; go whither life calls you. . . . If I knew, however,
that I should die to-night, I would ask you to wait till to-morrow."

In her turn Marianne gently said: "Why cannot we die at once? We should
then escape this last great pang, and you would only carry our memory
away with you."

Once again did the cemetery of Janville appear, the field of peace, where
dear ones already slept, and where they would soon join them. No sadness
tinged that thought, however; they hoped that they would lie down there
together on the same day, for they could not imagine life, one without
the other. And, besides, would they not forever live in their children;
forever be united, immortal, in their race?

"Dear father, darling mother," Benjamin repeated; "it is I who will be
dead to-morrow if I do not go. To wait for your death--good God! would
not that be to desire it? You must still live long years, and I wish to
live like you."

There came another pause, then Mathieu and Marianne replied together: "Go
then, my boy. You are right, one must live."

But on the day of farewell, what a wrench, what a final pang there was
when they had to tear themselves from that flesh of their flesh, all that
remained to them, in order to hand over to life the supreme gift it
demanded! The departure of Nicolas seemed to begin afresh; again came the
"never more" of the migratory child taking wing, given to the passing
wind for the sowing of unknown distant lands, far beyond the frontiers.

"Never more!" cried Mathieu in tears.

And Marianne repeated in a great sob which rose from the very depths of
her being: "Never more! Never more!"

There was now no longer any mere question of increasing a family, of
building up the country afresh, of re-peopling France for the struggles
of the future, the question was one of the expansion of humanity, of the
reclaiming of deserts, of the peopling of the entire earth. After one's
country came the earth; after one's family, one's nation, and then
mankind. And what an invading flight, what a sudden outlook upon the
world's immensity! All the freshness of the oceans, all the perfumes of
virgin continents, blended in a mighty gust like a breeze from the
offing. Scarcely fifteen hundred million souls are to-day scattered
through the few cultivated patches of the globe, and is that not indeed
paltry, when the globe, ploughed from end to end, might nourish ten times
that number? What narrowness of mind there is in seeking to limit mankind
to its present figure, in admitting simply the continuance of exchanges
among nations, and of capitals dying where they stand--as Babylon,
Nineveh, and Memphis died--while other queens of the earth arise,
inherit, and flourish amid fresh forms of civilization, and this without
population ever more increasing! Such a theory is deadly, for nothing
remains stationary: whatever ceases to increase decreases and disappears.
Life is the rising tide whose waves daily continue the work of creation,
and perfect the work of awaited happiness, which shall come when the
times are accomplished. The flux and reflux of nations are but periods of
the forward march: the great centuries of light, which dark ages at times
replace, simply mark the phases of that march. Another step forward is
ever taken, a little more of the earth is conquered, a little more life
is brought into play. The law seems to lie in a double phenomenon;
fruitfulness creating civilization, and civilization restraining
fruitfulness. And equilibrium will come from it all on the day when the
earth, being entirely inhabited, cleared, and utilized, shall at last
have accomplished its destiny. And the divine dream, the generous utopian
thought soars into the heavens; families blended into nations, nations
blended into mankind, one sole brotherly people making of the world one
sole city of peace and truth and justice! Ah! may eternal fruitfulness
ever expand, may the seed of humanity be carried over the frontiers,
peopling the untilled deserts afar, and increasing mankind through the
coming centuries until dawns the reign of sovereign life, mistress at
last both of time and of space!

And after the departure of Benjamin, whom Dominique took with him,
Mathieu and Marianne recovered the joyful serenity and peace born of the
work which they had so prodigally accomplished. Nothing more was theirs;
nothing save the happiness of having given all to life. The "Never more"
of separation became the "Still more" of life--life incessantly
increasing, expanding beyond the limitless horizon. Candid and smiling,
those all but centenarian heroes triumphed in the overflowing florescence
of their race. The milk had streamed even athwart the seas--from the old
land of France to the immensity of virgin Africa, the young and giant
France of to-morrow. After the foundation of Chantebled, on a disdained,
neglected spot of the national patrimony, another Chantebled was rising
and becoming a kingdom in the vast deserted tracts which life yet had to
fertilize. And this was the exodus, human expansion throughout the world,
mankind upon the march towards the Infinite.

England.--August 1898 - May 1899.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Fruitfulness" ***

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