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Title: Notes on Philippine Birds Collected by Governor W. Cameron Forbes - Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard - College, Vol. LXV. No. 4.
Author: Bangs, Outram, 1862-1932
Language: English
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             Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy

                          AT HARVARD COLLEGE.

                           VOL. LXV. NO. 4.



                 NOTES ON PHILIPPINE BIRDS COLLECTED BY
                        GOVERNOR W. CAMERON FORBES.



                           BY OUTRAM BANGS.



                      CAMBRIDGE, MASS., U. S. A.:
                        PRINTED FOR THE MUSEUM.

                             APRIL, 1922.



REPORTS ON THE SCIENTIFIC RESULTS OF THE EXPEDITION TO THE EASTERN
TROPICAL PACIFIC, IN CHARGE OF ALEXANDER AGASSIZ, BY THE U. S. FISH
COMMISSION STEAMER "ALBATROSS," FROM OCTOBER, 1904, TO MARCH, 1905,
LIEUTENANT COMMANDER L. M. GARRET, U. S. N., COMMANDING, PUBLISHED OR
IN PREPARATION:--

  A. AGASSIZ. V.[5] General Report on the Expedition.
  A. AGASSIZ. I.[1] Three Letters to Geo. M. Bowers, U. S. Fish Com.
  H. B. BIGELOW. XVI.[16] The Medusae.
  H. B. BIGELOW. XXIII.[23] The Siphonophores.
  H. B. BIGELOW. XXVI.[26] The Ctenophores.
  R. P. BIGELOW. The Stomatopods.
  O. CARLGREN. The Actinaria.
  R. V. CHAMBERLIN. XXXI.[31] The Annelids.
  H. L. CLARK. XXXIII.[33] The Holothurians.
  H. L. CLARK. XXXII.[32] The Starfishes.
  H. L. CLARK.  XXX.[30]  The Ophiurans.
  S. F. CLARKE. VIII.[8] The Hydroids.
  W. R. COE. The Nemerteans.
  L. J. COLE. XIX.[19] The Pycnogonida.
  W. H. DALL. XIV.[14] The Mollusks.
  C. R. EASTMAN. VII.[7] The Sharks' Teeth.
  S. GARMAN. XII.[12] The Reptiles.
  H. J. HANSEN. The Cirripeds.
  H. J. HANSEN.  XXVII.[27]  The Schizopods.
  W. E. HOYLE. The Cephalopods.
  W. C. KENDALL and L. RADCLIFFE. XXV.[25] The Fishes.
  C. A. KOFOID. III.[3] IX.[9] XX.[20] The Protozoa.
  C. A. KOFOID and J. R. MICHENER. XXII.[22] The Protozoa.
  C. A. KOFOID and E. J. RIGDEN. XXIV.[24] The Protozoa.
  P. KRUMBACH. The Sagittae.
  R. VON LENDENFELD. XXI.[21] The Siliceous Sponges.
  R. VON LENDENFELD. XXIX.[29] Hexactinellida.
  G. W. MÜLLER. The Ostracods.
  JOHN MURRAY and G. V. LEE. XVII.[17] The Bottom Specimens.
  MARY J. RATHBUN. X.[10] The Crustacea Decapoda.
  HARRIET RICHARDSON. II.[2] The Isopods.
  W. E. RITTER. IV.[4] The Tunicates.
  G. O. SARS. The Copepods.
  F. E. SCHULZE. XI.[11] The Xenophyophoras.
  HARRIET R. SEARLE. XXVIII.[28] Isopods.
  H. R. SIMROTH. Pteropods, Heteropods.
  E. C. STARKS. XIII.[13] Atelaxia.
  TH. STUDER. The Alcyonaria.
  JH. THIELE. XV.[15] Bathysciadium.
  T. W. VAUGHAN. VI.[6] The Corals.
  R. WOLTERECK. XVIII.[18] The Amphipods.


FOOTNOTES:

    [1] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. XLVI., No. 4, April, 1905, 22 pp.

    [2] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. XLVI., No. 6, July, 1905, 4 pp., 1 pl.

    [3] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. XLVI., No. 9, September, 1905, 5 pp., 1 pl.

    [4] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. XLVI., No. 13, January, 1906, 22 pp., 3 pls.

    [5] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXIII., January, 1906, 90 pp., 96 pls.

    [6] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. L., No. 3, August, 1906, 14 pp., 10 pls.

    [7] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. L., No. 4, November, 1906, 26 pp., 4 pls.

    [8] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXV., No. 1, February, 1907, 20 pp., 15 pls.

    [9] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. L., No. 6, February, 1907, 48 pp., 18 pls.

   [10] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXV., No. 2, August, 1907, 56 pp., 9 pls.

   [11] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LI., No. 6, November, 1907, 22 pp., 1 pl.

   [12] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LII., No. 1, June, 1908, 14 pp., 1 pl.

   [13] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LII., No. 2, July, 1908, 8 pp., 5 pls.

   [14] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. XLIII., No. 6, October, 1908, 285 pp.,
        22 pls.

   [15] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LII., No. 5, October, 1908, 11 pp., 2 pls.

   [16] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXVII., February, 1909, 243 pp., 48 pls.

   [17] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXVIII., No. 1, June, 1909, 172 pp., 5 pls.,
        3 maps.

   [18] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LII., No. 9, June, 1909, 26 pp., 8 pls.

   [19] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LII., No. 11, August, 1909, 10 pp., 3 pls.

   [20] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LII., No. 13, September, 1909, 48 pp.,
        4 pls.

   [21] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XLI., August, September, 1910, 323 pp.,
        56 pls.

   [22] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LIV., No. 7, August, 1911, 38 pp.

   [23] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXVIII., No. 2, December, 1911, 232 pp.,
        32 pls.

   [24] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LIV., No. 10, February, 1912, 16 pp., 2 pls.

   [25] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXV., No. 3, April, 1912, 98 pp., 8 pls.

   [26] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LIV., No. 12, April, 1912, 38 pp., 2 pls.

   [27] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXV., No. 4, July, 1912, 124 pp., 12 pls.

   [28] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LVIII., No. 8, August, 1914, 14 pp.

   [29] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XLII., June, 1915, 397 pp., 109 pls.

   [30] Bull. M. C. Z., Vol. LXI., October, 1917, 28 pp., 5 pls.

   [31] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XLVIII, July, 1919, 514 pp., 80 pls.

   [32] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXIX, No. 3, February, 1920,46 pp., 6 pls.

   [33] Mem. M. C. Z., Vol. XXXIX, No. 4, September, 1920, 40 pp.,
        4 pls.



             Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy

                          AT HARVARD COLLEGE.

                           VOL. LXV. NO. 4.



                 NOTES ON PHILIPPINE BIRDS COLLECTED BY
                        GOVERNOR W. CAMERON FORBES.



                             BY OUTRAM BANGS.



                        CAMBRIDGE, MASS., U. S. A.:
                          PRINTED FOR THE MUSEUM.
                                APRIL, 1922.



              No. 4.--_Notes on Philippine Birds collected by
                      Governor W. Cameron Forbes._

                              BY OUTRAM BANGS.


In the last decade former Governor-General W. Cameron Forbes has
presented to the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy three large collections
of Philippine birds. One of these was made in 1911, another in 1913,
and the third and finest collection in 1921 while, with General
Leonard Wood and Colonel Gordon Johnston, Mr. Forbes was on an
official tour of inspection of the islands.

On the excursions which resulted in the gathering together of these
collections Mr. Forbes was sometimes accompanied by General Leonard
Wood, the Honourable Dean C. Worcester, and Dr. Richard C. McGregor,
and he had also the expert assistance of Mr. A. Celestino.

During the spring and summer of 1921 Governor Forbes and party visited
most of the islands of the group. Bird collecting was carried on with
enthusiasm by all the members of the party on every possible occasion,
but stops at the different islands were at best limited to a few days
and official business had, of course, precedence. The collections
therefore while large, interesting, and fairly representative are by
no means exhaustive.

The following notes, which include descriptions of five new forms, are
based on the three collections.

I am under great obligations to Dr. Chas. W. Richmond and Mr. J. H.
Riley of the United States National Museum for making some comparisons
in Washington and for giving me data from other specimens in the
collections under their care.


IREDIPARRA GALLINACEA GALLINACEA (Temminck).

Twelve specimens, both sexes, mostly fully adult, Lake Liguasan,
Mindanao, March and August.

The Comb-crested Jacana has been found in the Philippine Islands,
apparently only in Mindanao. Specimens from that island I am unable in
any way to distinguish from one skin in the M. C. Z. from Celebes, the
type-locality of the species. Mr. J. H. Riley writes me that he has
lately compared three specimens from Celebes with one from Mindanao
with the result that he could find no differences. It is safe
therefore to refer the Philippine bird to the typical form.


PLEGADIS FALCINELLUS PEREGRINUS Bonaparte.

Three specimens, two males and a female, from Mindanao, March and
August.

These belong, as of course was to be expected, to the decidedly small
form of Australia, Java, Celebes, etc., the range of which must be
extended to include the Philippines as well.

MEASUREMENTS.

   NO.        SEX      WING  TAIL   TARSUS  CULMEN

  57,552     [Male]    262    96     104     127
  86,480     [Male]    258    98     100     131
  86,481     [Female]  250    98      84     105


SULA DACTYLATRA PERSONATA Gould.

Five adults, both sexes, Tubbataba Reef, Sulu Sea, August, 1913.

The Blue-faced Booby, which breeds in the Tubbataba Reef in the Sulu
Sea is indistinguishable, so far as I can see, from the Australian
form.

The color of the bill and feet was not noted on the labels of Gov.
Forbes's birds; in the dry specimens the bill is pale yellow and the
feet are dull greenish black.

MEASUREMENTS.

                                            CULMEN AT  WIDTH OF
   NO.       SEX        WING   TAIL  TARSUS    BASE     CULMEN

  64,611   [Male] ad.    418    190    59      101        30
  64,614   [Male] ad.    398    190    59       99        30
  64,616   [Male] ad.    405    184    57      100        28
  64,612  [Female] ad.   420    183    61      102        29
  64,613  [Female] ad.   424    185    59      103        28


FREGATA MINOR MINOR (Gmelin).

Six specimens, two adult males in full breeding plumage, three adult
females and one immature male, from Cavilli and Bancoran Islands, Sulu
Sea, March and September.

I follow Rothschild in restricting Gmelin's name _minor_ to the bird
of the eastern Indian Ocean, north Australia etc. (= _F. minor
listeri_ Mathews), and with little doubt refer to this form the
Philippine Frigate.

The color of the bill in the three females is _bright pink_, not far
from between France-pink and geranium-pink of Ridgway. The soft parts
were described by Governor Forbes on the labels as--"Eyelid bright
red: bill light pink, nail white, tip black; feet pale pink." The
males all have dark bills, their soft parts were noted on the labels
as--"Bill blue-black; feet dull brownish, with a slight reddish
tinge."

An adult female of _F. minor palmerstoni_ (Gmelin), shot by Flood, 29
September, 1895 at Molokai, H. I. (115,028 M. C. Z.) has a decidedly
pinkish bill, the color of which was noted on the label as "light
purple."

Gmelin mentions the red bill in his short diagnosis of _minor_ and
Edwards's plate to which he refers shows a female Frigate with a red
bill.

I have dwelt at the above length upon the red bill of the female of
both _minor_ and _palmerstoni_ because it is a character that I have
seen but little mentioned, and because I feel morally certain that the
American bird--_Fregata magnificans_ Mathews according to Rothschild,
_F. minor rothschildi_ Mathews according to Mathews--does not show it.
We have a very large series of Frigate birds from America, and among
the females none show any trace of reddish or pinkish on the bills,
nor do I find the bill of the female described as pink on any label,
or for that matter in any text-book.

This being the case, it is a matter of much interest to know what
forms have a pink bill in the female, and what do not.


FREGATA ARIEL ARIEL Gray.

Three specimens, from Tawi Tawi Island, two adult males and one adult
female all taken 21 August, 1921.

Compared with _Fregata ariel iredalei_ Mathews of the western Indian
Ocean these are large birds with heavy bills, and appear wholly
referable to true _ariel_ of Australia etc.

MEASUREMENTS.

                                     CULMEN
   NO.       SEX          WING    TO FEATHERS

  86,492  [Male] ad.      501         87
  86,493  [Male] ad.      491         89
  86,491  [Female] ad.    552         92


BUTEO JAPONICUS (Temminck & Schlegel).

One immature example (sex not determined) was shot by Mrs. Robb White
at Sagada, Bontoc, northern Luzon in July 1913 and given to Governor
Forbes. This, I believe, is the first record for the species in the
Philippines. The specimen, M. C. Z. 64,621, affords a wing length of
366 mm.


XANTHOLAEMA HAEMACEPHALA HAEMACEPHALA (Müller).

Two adult males, Mindoro, July. (Also two old skins in M. C. Z.
labeled "Manilla").

Stuart Baker, (Ibis 1919, p. 219), has already pointed out the strong
characters that distinguish the Philippine form of this little Barbet.
I include it in these notes merely to emphasize the fact that it must
be kept distinct from birds from India, the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra,
etc. Its long bill, dark colors, and heavily striped under parts at
once distinguish it.


XANTHOLAEMA ROSEA INTERMEDIA Shelly.

Four adults, both sexes, Negros, July.

This is another strongly marked representative form, peculiar to the
Philippines. It differs from _X. rosea rosea_ (Dumont) of Java etc. in
its very much larger bill (averaging 22 mm. as against 16 mm. in true
_rosea_), slightly larger size, darker colors, and much more heavily
striped under parts.


LALAGE NIGER MITIFICA, subsp. nov.

Twelve specimens, both sexes, Lubang near Luzon, Mindanao, Palawan,
Camiguin, Camotes, Basilan, Panay, Mindoro, and Cagayan de Sulu, June,
July, and August.

TYPE.--M. C. Z. 64,329 adult [Male], Lubang, near Luzon, 6 July, 1913.
W. Cameron Forbes.

CHARACTERS.--Similar to _L. niger niger_ (Forster), (type-locality "in
India Orientali" which I will farther restrict to Singapore, being as
likely as anywhere else to have been whence the type actually came),
but larger; in color the adult [Male] differing in the sheen of the
head and back being darker and more purplish, less greenish; the rump
slightly darker gray and the tibia grayer, less whitish. The adult
[Female] decidedly grayer less brownish above--deep neutral gray (the
upper parts in _L. nigra nigra_ are hair-brown to Chaetura drab).

REMARKS.--Birds from Java are small and appear to be quite like those
from Singapore and the southern Malay peninsula. The Borneo bird is a
little larger and the one female before me is gray above as in the
Philippine form.

MEASUREMENTS.

  _Lalage niger mitifica_ Bangs.

                                                           CULMEN
   NO.       SEX     LOCALITY       WING   TAIL  TARSUS  FROM BASE

  86,669   [Male]    Panay           93     69     20       18
  86,668   [Male]    Basilan         94     70     20.5     17.5
  86,671   [Male]    Camotes         93     70     21       18
  86,667   [Male]    Camiguin        95     73     20       19
  57,520   [Male]    Cagayan de Sulu 92     69     20       19
  64,329   [Male]    Lubang          92     71     20.5     19
  64,330   [Male]       "            93     70     20       18.5
  64,331   [Male]    Palawan         95     69     20       17.5
  64,328   [Female]  Lubang          93     --     21       18.5
  64,327   [Female]  Mindanao        92     72     21       19


  _Lalage niger niger_ (Forster).

                                                      CULMEN
   NO.       SEX     LOCALITY   WING   TAIL  TARSUS  FROM BASE

  33,994   [Male]    Singapore   85     68     19       16
  34,119   [Female]  Kelang      82     63     19       17
  60,164   [Male]    Java        87.5   66     20       17
  60,163   [Male]     "          88     70     20       16
  60,166   [Male]     "          85     68     21       16
  60,160   [Female]   "          87.5   67     19       18
  60,159   [Female]   "          86     69     20       16
  60,167   [Female]   "          83     64     20       17
  12,182   [Female]   "          87     61     19       --


AEGITHINA TIPHIA AEQUANIMIS, subsp. nov.

Nine specimens, both sexes, from Palawan and Dumaran Islands, June,
July, August, and September.

TYPE.--M. C. Z. 64,334 adult [Male], Puerto Princesa, Palawan Island,
4 August, 1913. W. Cameron Forbes.

CHARACTERS.--Similar to _A. tiphia tiphia_ (Linné) and _A. t. viridis_
(Bonaparte) of Borneo, but bill longer and heavier; the upper parts
much more yellowish olive-green and the forehead, including the lores,
broadly bright yellow.

MEASUREMENTS.

                                                           CULMEN
   NO.      SEX          LOCALITY   WING   TAIL   TARSUS   TO BASE

  64,332   [Male] ad.     Palawan    64     49     20.5     19
  64,333   [Male] ad.        "       62     44     21       18.5
  64,334   [Male] ad.        "       62     44     20       18
  86,684   [Male] ad.     Dumaran    62     46     21       18
  86,685   [Male] ad.        "       61     50     19       18.5
  41,304   [Female] ad.   Palawan    61     47     20       18
  86,683   [Female] ad.      "       62     48     19       17

REMARKS.--The Palawan and Dumaran bird represents a very good form,
easily separated from _A. tiphia tiphia_ or _A. t. viridis_ by its
larger bill and much brighter upper parts. The series shows no
individual variation, and no tendency to ever become dusky or black
above.


ORTHOTOMUS RUFICEPS NUNTIUS, subsp. nov.

Three specimens from the Sulu Archipelago; an adult [Male] Sibutu, 23
August, an adult [Male] Cagayan de Sulu, 2 July, and an immature
[Female] Jolo, 2 August.

TYPE.--M. C. Z. 57,529 adult [Male], Cagayan de Sulu, 2 July, 1911. W.
Cameron Forbes.

CHARACTERS.--Similar to _O. ruficeps ruficeps_ (Lesson), (specimens
from Borneo), but slightly larger, with longer bill; upper parts
clearer gray; crown slightly deeper brown.

MEASUREMENTS.

                                                             CULMEN
   NO.      SEX        LOCALITY       WING   TAIL   TARSUS   TO BASE

  57,529 [Male] ad.  Cagayan de Sulu   56     47     24       20
  86,601 [Male] ad.  Sibutu            54     45     23       20.5

REMARKS.--There are, in the U. S. N. M., three skins from Sibutu
similar in all respects to ours.

Birds from Palawan and Clulion Islands are somewhat smaller than those
from Sulu, but agree in color more nearly with them, than they do with
true _ruficeps_ of Borneo.


ZOSTEROPS FORBESI, sp. nov.

Two adult males from Camiguin Island, 2 August, 1921.

TYPE.--M. C. Z. 86,369 adult [Male], Camiguin Island, 2 August, 1921.
W. Cameron Forbes.

CHARACTERS.--Similar to _Z. basilanica_ Steere, but larger; upper
parts much brighter and yellower,--yellowish citrine rather more
strongly yellowish on head and upper tail coverts; yellow of under
parts brighter and clearer--bright yellow chrome.

MEASUREMENTS.

                                              CULMEN
   NO.       SEX         WING  TAIL  TARSUS  FROM BASE
  86,369    [Male] ad.    57    49    16        13
  86,368    [Male] ad.    56    47    15.5      13

REMARKS.--This new form which is well marked and quite distinct,
belongs in the group characterized by possessing a wide stripe of
yellow along the median under parts and gray sides and flanks. In the
Philippines this group is represented by:

1. _Zosterops siquijorensis_ Bourns & Worcester. Negros, Siquijor.

2. _Zosterops boholensis_ McGregor. Bohol.

3. _Zosterops everettii_ Tweeddale. Cebu.

4. _Zosterops forbesi_ Bangs. Camiguin.

5. _Zosterops basilanica_ Steere. Basilan, Bongao, Dinagat, Leyte,
Mindanao, Papahag, Samar, Jolo, Tawi Tawi.

I have given the new form, which is named in honour of Governor W.
Cameron Forbes, specific rank because in an enormous genus, largely
composed of island forms, like Zosterops, I do not know where to draw
the line between species and subspecies and much prefer leaving the
question to be decided by some future reviewer of the genus.

_Zosterops meyleri_ McGregor also of Camiguin Island, is a small
species with _wholly_ yellow under parts, belonging in a different
group of the genus.


ORIOLUS XANTHONOTUS PERSUASUS, subsp. nov.

Four adults, both sexes, Palawan, August.

TYPE.--M. C. Z. 64,180 adult [Male], Puerto Princesa, Palawan Island,
14 August, 1913. W. Cameron Forbes.

CHARACTERS.--Similar to _O. xanthonotus xanthonotus_ Horsfield of
Java, but larger with longer tail. Adult [Male] differing in color in
much more heavily striped under parts and in the black of chest
extending farther backward to include the upper breast; and much less
sharply defined posteriorly against the white under parts; back more
greenish yellow; yellow spot on outer tail feather large. The adult
[Female] besides differing, as does the [Male], in heavier stripes
below etc., has the whole pileum, occiput, upper neck, and sides of
neck heavily streaked black and olive-green, and the throat and chest
dull gray with whitish streaks. (A [Female] probably an older bird in
the U. S. N. M. has the head neutral gray with an olive wash, very
conspicuously streaked with black, the black streaks extending as in
the others right to base of bill).

MEASUREMENTS.

                                                                EXPOSED
   NO.     SEX               LOCALITY          WING TAIL TARSUS CULMEN
  64,180 [Male] ad.   Palawan: Puerto Princesa 121   78    21     23
  33,225 [Male] ad.      "       "       "     118   74    20     22
  64,181 [Female] ad.    "       "       "     110   69    21     21
  64,179 [Female] ad.    " Iwahig Penal Colony 109   68    21     21

REMARKS.--The Black-headed Oriole has been recorded from Palawan and
Calamianes Islands only in the Philippines. The Palawan representative
form is strongly marked and easily to be distinguished from _O. x.
xanthonotus_ of Java.

The bird of Borneo may represent still another form, distinguished
from true _xanthonotus_ by slightly smaller size, the under parts less
purely white, that is, much more suffused with yellowish or yellowish
ochraceous, sometimes even with grayish and with the yellow tail-spots
larger. This form probably should be known as _Oriolus xanthonotus
consobrinus_ Wardlaw-Ramsay (P. Z. S., 1879, p. 709, N. E. Borneo).
Everett, however, (Birds of Borneo 1889, p. 119), in mentioning the
type states that "It is dissimilar from all known immature individuals
of _O. xanthonotus_ and belongs rather to the _O. steerii_ group." If
this is true and there is in north Borneo a form of the Philippine
group of Orioles, with the sexes alike in plumage and with the throat
and chest plain gray, then the form of the Black-headed Oriole of
Borneo, if recognized, should be named.

In old females from Java the pileum and cheeks are dark mouse-gray,
blackish on the forehead, the black streaks narrow, almost obsolete
and noticeable on the crown and occiput only. Females from the
mainland and Borneo and Sumatra also, when adult, have faint blackish
streaks on the crown. In immature plumage the head is wholly
unstreaked, which I doubt to be the case in the Palawan form.



The following Publications of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy are in
preparation:--


  LOUIS CABOT. Immature State of the Odonata, Part IV.
  E. L. MARK. Studies on Lepidosteus, continued.
  E. L. MARK. On Arachnactis.


Reports on the Results of Dredging Operations in 1877, 1878, 1879, and
1880, in charge of ALEXANDER AGASSIZ, by the U. S. Coast Survey
Steamer "Blake," as follows:--


  A. MILNE EDWARDS and E. L. BOUVIER. The Crustacea of the "Blake."
  A. E. VERRILL. The Alcyonaria of the "Blake."



Reports on the Results of the Expedition of 1891 of the U. S. Fish
Commission Steamer "Albatross," Lieutenant Commander Z. L. TANNER, U.
S. N., Commanding, in charge of ALEXANDER AGASSIZ, as follows:--


  K. BRANDT. The Sagittae.            W. A. HERDMAN. The Ascidians.
  K. BRANDT. The Thalassicolae.       S. J. HICKSON. The Antipathids.
  O. CARLGREN. The Actinarians.       E. L. MARK. Branchiocerianthus.
  W. R. COE. The Nemerteans.          JOHN MURRAY. The Bottom
  REINHARD HOHRN. The Eyes of           Specimens.
    Deep-Sea Crustacea.               P. SCHIEMENZ. The Pteropods and
  H. J. HANSEN. The Cirripeds.          Heteropods.
  H. J. HANSEN. The Schizopods.       THEO. STUDER.  The Alcyonarians.
                                      H. B. WARD. The Sipunculids.


Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Tropical
Pacific, in charge of ALEXANDER AGASSIZ on the U. S. Fish Commission
Steamer, "Albatross," from August, 1899, to March, 1900, Commander
Jefferson F. Moser, U. S. N., Commanding, as follows:--


  ---- The Volcanic Rocks.            G. O. SARS. The Copepods.
  ---- The Coralliferous Limestones.  L. STEJNEGER. The Reptiles.
  G. W. MÜLLER. The Ostracods.        T. W. VAUGHAN. The Corals,
  MARY J. RATHBUN. The Crustacea         Recent and Fossil.
    Decapoda.



                          PUBLICATIONS OF THE
                     MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOÖLOGY
                           AT HARVARD COLLEGE.


There have been published of the BULLETIN Vols. I. to LIV., LVI., and
LVIII. to LXIV.; of the MEMOIRS, Vols. I. to XLII., and also XLIV. to
XLVI., and XLVIII.

Vols. LV., LVII. and LXV. of the BULLETIN, and Vols. XLIII., XLVII.
and XLIX. of the MEMOIRS, are now in course of publication.

The BULLETIN AND MEMOIRS are devoted to the publication of original
work by the Officers of the Museum, of investigations carried on by
students and others in the different Laboratories of Natural History,
and of work by specialists based upon the Museum Collections and
Explorations.


The following publications are in preparation:--

  Reports on the Results of Dredging Operations from 1877 to 1880, in
    charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U. S. Coast Survey Steamer
    "Blake," Lieut. Commander C. D. Sigsbee, U. S. N., and Commander
    J. R. Bartlett, U. S. N., commanding.

  Reports on the Results of the Expedition of 1891 of the U. S. Fish
    Commission Steamer "Albatross," Lieut. Commander Z. L. Tanner,
    U. S. N., commanding, in charge of Alexander Agassiz.

  Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Tropical
    Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, on the U. S. Fish
    Commission Steamer "Albatross," from August, 1899, to March, 1900,
    Commander Jefferson F. Moser, U. S. N., commanding.

  Reports on the Scientific Results of the Expedition to the Eastern
    Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, on the U. S.
    Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," from October, 1904, to April,
    1905, Lieut. Commander L. M. Garrett, U. S. N., commanding.


These publications are issued in numbers at irregular intervals. Each
number of the Bulletin and of the Memoirs is sold separately. A price
list of the publications of the Museum will be sent on application to
the Director of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, Cambridge, Mass.



Transcriber's Notes


The text presented here is a transcription of the text that appeared
in the original printed version. With the exception of some formatting
differences and minor corrections (i.e., missing period or other
punctuation), no significant typographical corrections were suggested.
All questionable text was compared with several available copies and
other volumes of the Bulletins and Memoirs that are currently available
on the internet. With the exception of the paragraph on the second
page preceeding the list of contributors and the Bulletins and Memoirs,
all text displayed as small caps has been converted to all capital
letters.





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