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Title: The Children of Alsace - Les Oberlés
Author: Bazin, René, 1853-1932
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Children of Alsace - Les Oberlés" ***

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   corrected, see the small list of corrections at the end of this










René Bazin is already known to the English public as a writer of
exquisite charm and wonderful sensibility. "The Nun," "Redemption,"
and "This My Son" have revealed his powers to appreciative readers.
Bazin is not only an original writer, a charming story-teller, but
also a deep thinker, a clear delineator of human character and life,
a wonderful landscape-painter, and a bold realist. For it is real
life, humble, poignant, palpitating, which we meet in his stories.
Life, full of misery and suffering, but also of pity and charity, of
self-sacrifice and heroic traits. Bazin is a passionate admirer of
Nature, and this admiration and love manifest themselves in his
preference for pastoral and rural scenes, and his description of
nature and peasant life.

Nature and climate, M. Bazin thinks, exercise a paramount influence
upon the soul, and produce deep and permanent impressions.

But in none of his books has he laid so much stress upon this
mysterious influence of a country upon the soul of its inhabitants
as in "Les Oberlés," which is now placed before English readers
under the title of "The Children of Alsace." For it is the country
of Alsace, with her woes and sorrows and sufferings, her
aspirations and hopes and dreams, which speaks to us through the
mouth of Jean Oberlé, the hero, who mysteriously feels the influence
of soil upon his soul, and is drawn to France, since Alsace is
sighing under the German yoke, and her weeping soul has fled to
France, there to wait the day of delivery and freedom!

"Les Oberlés," or "The Children of Alsace," possesses all the
elements necessary for a real drama, for a great tragedy, namely,
the clash of conflicting passions, emotions, and duties. And these
conflicting passions arise where one has a right to expect peace and
goodwill. The author introduces us to a divided family, and we see
the husband rise against his wife, the son against his father, and
the brother against the sister. Their different modes of thinking
and of feeling, their ambitions and dreams, turn these beings,
united by the ties of blood, into enemies. But "Les Oberlés" is not
only a family drama, tragic, irreparable, but also depicts the love
of the native soil, a love almost physical, in conflict with the
love for the Greater Fatherland. It also shows the clash of two
civilisations, the Latin and the Teuton, which for forty years have
now been waging war on the soil of conquered Alsace.

All these elements make "Les Oberlés" a really tragic novel--a novel
full of dramatic incidents, of poignant scenes, but also full of
life and love.


   _November 1911_.



   A FEBRUARY NIGHT IN ALSACE               9


   THE EXAMINATION                         36


   THE FIRST FAMILY MEETING                55




   COMPANIONS OF THE ROAD                  88


   THE FRONTIER                           102


   THE EASTER VIGIL                       112


   AT CAROLIS                             137


   THE MEETING                            150


   THE DINNER AT THE BRAUSIGS'            163


   IN SUSPENSE                            180


   THE HOP-PICKING                        184


   THE RAMPARTS OF OBERNAI                216


   THE LAST EVENING                       232


   JOINING THE REGIMENT                   238






The moon was rising above the mists of the Rhine. A man who was
coming down from the Vosges by a path--a good sportsman and great
walker whom nothing escaped--had just caught sight of her through
the slope of forest trees. Then he at once stepped into the shadow
of the plantations. But this single glance through the opening, at
the night growing more and more luminous, was sufficient to make him
realise afresh the natural beauty amidst which he lived. The man
trembled with delight. The weather was cold and calm--a slight mist
rose from the hollows. It did not bring with it yet the scent of
jonquils and wild strawberries, but only that other perfume which
has no name and no season--the perfume of rosin, of dead leaves, of
grass once again grown green, of bark raised on the fresh skin of
the trees, and the breath of that everlasting flower which is the
forest moss. The traveller breathed in this smell which he loved; he
drank it in great draughts, with open mouth, for more than ten
strides, and although accustomed to this nocturnal festival of the
forest, to these lights of heaven, to these perfumes of earth, to
these rustlings of silent life, he said aloud: "Bravo, Winter!
Bravo, the Vosges! They have not been able to spoil you." And he put
his stick under his arm in order to make still less noise on the
sand and pine-needles of the winding path. Then turning his head:

"Carefully, Fidèle, good friend. It is too beautiful."

Three steps behind him trotted a spaniel, long-limbed and lean, with
a nose like a greyhound, who seemed quite grey, but who by daylight
was a mixture of fire-and-coffee-and-milk colour, with fringes of
soft hair marking the outline of his paws, belly, and tail. The
beast seemed to understand his master, for he followed him without
making any more noise than the moon made in passing over the tops of
the pine-trees.

Soon the moonlight pierced through the branches; breaking up the
shade or sweeping it away from the open spaces, it spread out across
the slopes, enveloped the trunks of trees, or studded them with
stars, and quite cold, formless, and blue, created out of these same
trees a new forest, which daylight never knew. It was an immense
creation--quick and enchanting. It took but ten minutes. Not a
tremor foretold it. M. Ulrich Biehler continued his downward path, a
prey to growing emotion, stooping sometimes to get a better view of
the undergrowth, sometimes bending over the ravines with beating
heart, but watching with head erect, like the roebucks when about to
leave the valleys for the upland pastures.

This enthusiastic traveller, still young in mind, was, however, not
a young man. M. Ulrich Biehler, called M. Ulrich throughout the
countryside, was sixty years old, and his hair and beard, almost
white, proclaimed his age; but there had been more of the sap of
youth in him than in most, just as some possess more bravery or more
beauty, and something of this youthfulness he had retained. He lived
in the middle of the mountain of Sainte Odile, exactly twelve
hundred feet in the air, in a forest-house without any pretension
to architecture, and without lands of any sort except the sloping
meadow on which it stood, and at the back was a very small orchard,
ravaged periodically by hard winters. He had remained faithful to
this house, inherited from his father, who had bought it for a
holiday residence only, and here he spent the whole year alone,
although his friends, like his lands, were plentiful in the plains.
He was not shy of men, but he did not like to give up his own way of
living, consequently there were some fanciful stories told about
him. They said that in 1870 he had gone through the whole campaign
wearing a silver helmet, from the crest of which hung, instead of
horsehair, the hair of a woman. No one could say if this legend were
history. But twenty good people from the plains of Alsace could
affirm that there was not among the French Dragoons a more
indefatigable horseman, a bolder scout, a more tender companion in
misery, or one more forgetful of his own suffering, than M. Ulrich,
proprietor of Heidenbruch, in the mountain of Sainte Odile.

He had remained French under German rule. That was at once his joy
and the cause of the many difficulties which he tried to surmount or
to endure as a set-off for the favour they showed him in allowing
him to breathe the air of Alsace. He knew how to make himself
respected in the rôle of a man vanquished, tolerated, and watched.
There must be no concession which would show forgetfulness of the
dear French country, but there must be no provocation; he had no
taste for useless demonstration. M. Ulrich travelled much in the
Vosges, where he possessed forests here and there, which he looked
after himself. His woods had the reputation of being among the best
managed in Lower Alsace. His house, shut up for thirty years because
of mourning, had, however, a reputation for comfort and refinement.
The few persons, French or Alsatians, who had crossed the threshold
spoke of the graciousness of the host and the art with which he made
his guests welcome. Above all, the peasants loved him, those who had
gone through the war with him, and even their sons, who took off
their hats when M. Ulrich appeared at the corner of their vineyard
or of their lucerne-field.

They recognised him a long way off because of his slim, tall figure
and his habit of wearing only light clothes, which he bought in
Paris, and invariably chose in shades of brown, varying from the
dark brown of the walnut to the light brown of the oak. His pointed
beard, very well kept, added length to a face which had but little
colour and few wrinkles; his mouth smiled readily under his
moustaches, and his prominent nose, with its fine outline, showed
purity of race; his kind, intelligent grey eyes would quickly become
haughty and defiant if one spoke of Alsace; and the wide brow, which
imparted a touch of dreaminess to this face of a fighting man,
seemed larger still because of two bare patches extending into the
thick growth of stiff short hairs.

Now, on this particular evening M. Ulrich had returned from visiting
the wood-cutting going on in the mountains of the Valley of the
Bruche, and his servants were not expecting him to go out again,
when after dinner he said to his servant, the old Lisa, who was
waiting at table:

"My nephew, Jean, arrives to-night at Alsheim, and no doubt if I
waited till to-morrow I should see him here, but I prefer to see him
down there, and to-night. So I am starting. Leave the key under the
door, and go to bed."

He had immediately whistled for Fidèle, taken his stick and gone
down the path, which entered the wood at some fifty paces below
Heidenbruch. M. Ulrich was clad, according to his custom, in a loose
coat and trousers of dead-leaf colour and a velvet shooting-cap. He
walked quickly, and in less than half an hour he found himself at a
place where the path joined a wider alley, made for pedestrians and
for the pilgrims of Sainte Odile. The place was mentioned in the
guide-books, because for a hundred yards one could look down on the
course of a swift stream which lower down the plain flowed through
the village of Alsheim; and especially because in an opening of the
ravine in the angle formed by two slopes of the mountains, one could
see, in daylight, a corner of Alsace--villages, fields, meadows--and
very far away a vague streak of silver, which was the Rhine, and
beyond that the mountains of the Black Forest--blue as flax and
rounded as the loops of a garland. In spite of the night, which
limited his vision, M. Ulrich, on arriving in the alley, looked in
front of him, through force of habit, but saw only a triangle of
steel-coloured darkness in the upper part of which real stars shone,
and lower down gleamed luminous points the same size as the stars,
lightly veiled and surrounded with a halo--the lamps and candles of
the village of Alsheim. The traveller thought of his nephew, whom he
was presently to embrace, and asked himself: "Whom am I going to
find? What has he become after three years' absence, and three years
in Germany?"

It was only a momentary pause. M. Ulrich crossed the alley, and
wishing to go the shortest way, passed under the branches of a
forest of great beech-trees, which sloped steeply down towards a fir
plantation, where he could regain the road. Some dead leaves still
trembled at the ends of the lower branches, but the greater number
had fallen on those of the preceding year. They had not left an inch
of the soil uncovered, and as thin as silk themselves, and quite
pale, they looked like a pavement of extremely smooth light-coloured
flagstones: the trunks, marbled with moss, regular as columns, rose
to a great height at the top, very high up, the tips leant towards
each other, and their tenuous branches touched each other, outlined
the arch, and let the light pass through. A few bushes broke the
harmony of the lines. About a hundred yards lower down, the barrier
of green trees seemed to form the solid wall of this ruined

Suddenly M. Ulrich heard a slight noise, which another man would
probably not have noticed: it was in front of him, among the green
firs towards which he was advancing. It was the sound of a stone
rolling down the slopes, faster and faster, striking against
obstacles and rebounding. The noise grew fainter and fainter and
ended with a detonation, sharply distinct, which proved that the
stone had reached the pebbly bottom of the hollow and split. The
forest had again become silent, when a second stone, much smaller
still, to judge by the sound it called forth, also began to roll
along in the shadow. At the same time the dog's hair stood up, and
he came back growling to his master.

"Be quiet, Fidèle," he said. "They must not see me!"

M. Ulrich thrust himself behind the trunk of a tree, understanding
that a living being was coming up across the wood, and guessing who
was going to appear. Indeed, making a hole in the black curtain of
pine-trees, he now saw the head, the two forelegs, and soon the
whole body of a horse. A white, hurried breath escaped from its
nostrils and smoked in the darkness. The animal was making immense
efforts to climb the steep slope. With straining muscles its
forefeet doubled up like hooks, its belly all but on the ground, it
advanced by jerks, but almost noiselessly, sinking into the moss and
the thick mass of vegetation heaped on the soil, and hardly
displacing anything but the leaves, which slipped one over the other
with a murmur as of dropping water. It carried a pale-blue horseman
bending over the animal's neck and shoulders, and holding his lance
almost horizontally, as if an enemy were near. The breath of the man
mingled with the breath of the horse in the cold night air. They
advanced, showing by their bearing the difficulty of the upward
struggle. Soon the traveller distinguished the yellow cord on the
rider's tunic, the black boots beneath the dark breeches, the
straight sword hanging at the saddle-bow, and he recognised a
horseman of the regiment of Rhenish Hussars garrisoned at Strasburg;
then nearer still he was able to distinguish on the black-and-white
flag of the lance a yellow eagle, indicating a non-commissioned
officer; he saw under the flat cap a beardless face, ruddy and
perspiring, with red-brown, fierce and restless eyes, a face
buffeted by the horse's mane in motion, and frequently turning to
the right, and he named under his breath Gottfried Hamm,
quartermaster in the Rhenish Hussars, and son of Hamm the
police-constable of Obernai. The man passed by, brushing against the
tree behind which M. Ulrich was hiding; the shadow of his body and
of his horse stretched across the feet of the Alsatian and on to the
neighbouring moss: they left in their wake an odour of harness and
of perspiration.

At the moment when he passed the tree he turned his head again
towards the right. M. Ulrich looked in the same direction, which was
where the greatest length of the beech-wood could be seen. Thirty
yards farther on he discovered a second horseman coming up the same
track, then a third, who had become no more than a grey silhouette
between the columns of beech-trees and then, judging by the shadowy
movements, farther on still, he divined that there were other
soldiers and other horses climbing the mountain. Suddenly there was
a flash in the depths of the wood, as if a glowworm were flying by.
It was an order. All the men took one step to the right, and,
forming in single file, silently, without uttering a word,
continued their mysterious manoeuvre. The shadows moved for an
instant in the depths of the forest; the murmur of crushed and
falling leaves became more and more indistinct, then ceased, and the
night seemed once more to be empty of life.

"A formidable enemy," said M. Ulrich half aloud, "who is kept in
training day and night! There was certainly an officer down there on
the path. It was in his direction they were all looking. He raised
his sword, bright in the moonlight, and those nearest saw it. They
all turned. How little noise they made! All the same, I could have
finished off two of them--if we had been at war."

Then, noticing that his dog was now quietly looking at him with nose
in air and tail wagging, he added:

"Yes, yes, they are gone. You don't like them any more than I do."

Before continuing his way, he waited to make sure that the Hussars
would not return in his direction. He did not like meeting German
soldiers. These encountered hurt the sore and suspicious pride of
the conquered man; they hurt him through his fidelity to
France--through his love, which always dreaded a new war--a war, the
date of which he saw with astonishment recede and recede. He would
sometimes go a long way round in order to avoid a troop on the march
on the high roads. Why had those Hussars come to disturb his descent
to Alsheim? Always these manoeuvres, always this thought of the West
away down there, to which they clung with such tenacity; always this
beast of prey who prowls supple and agile on the summit of the
Vosges, and who watches the moment for descending.

M. Ulrich went down the beech-wood slopes, his head bent, his mind
full of sad memories, which a word had been sufficient to call
up--less than a word even--for alas! mingled with them, and ready to
rise again out of the past, was all the youth of the man. He was
careful to make no noise, keeping his dog behind him, and not
caressing him when the poor beast rubbed his nose against his
master's hand as if to say, "What is the matter then? Are they not

In a quarter of an hour, by the wider road which he re-entered at
the end of the beech-wood, M. Ulrich gained the edge of the forest.
A cooler, stronger breeze blew through the oak and hazel copses
which bordered the plain. He stopped and listened towards the right,
saying, with a displeased shrug of the shoulders:

"That is how they will come back! Not a soul will have heard them!
For the moment let us forget them and go and say 'How do you do?' to
Jean Oberlé."

M. Ulrich went down a last bit of short, steep path. A few more
steps and the screens of undergrowth and brushwood which hid the
view were passed. He saw the entire sky unveiled, and below him, in
front, to the left and to the right, something of a softer, more
misty blue, the land of Alsace. The smell of the fields and of
plants wet with the dew, rose from the soil like a harvest of the
night. The wind wafted it, the cold wind, the familiar passer-by on
this plain, the vagabond companion of the Rhine. One could
distinguish no detail in the shadow where Alsace slept, except at a
distance of a few hundred yards, where lines of roofs clustered
about a round grey belfry ending in a steeple. That was the village
of Alsheim. M. Ulrich hastened on and soon found the course of the
stream again, now more rapid than ever, the bank of which he had
skirted in the mountain; walked along by it, and saw stand out, high
and massive, in its park of trees despoiled by winter, the first
house of Alsheim--the house of the Oberlés.

It was built on the right of the road, from which it was separated,
first by a white wall, then by a brook which ran through the domain
more than two hundred yards farther, providing the water necessary
for the engines, and then flowing, enlarged and cunningly directed,
among the trees, to its outlet. M. Ulrich went through the large
gate of wrought iron which opened on to the road, and passing by the
lodge-keeper's cottage, leaving to the right the timber-yard full of
piled-up wood, of cris-crossed planks, of poles, and of sheds, he
took the left avenue, which wound between clumps of trees and the
lawn, and reached the flight of steps before a two-storied house,
with dormer windows, built of the red stone of Saverne and dating
from the middle of the century. It was half-past eight. He went
eagerly up to the first floor and knocked at the door of a room.

A young voice answered:

"Come in!"

M. Ulrich had not time to take off his shooting-cap. He was seized
round the neck, drawn forward, and embraced by his nephew, Jean
Oberlé, who said:

"Good evening, Uncle Ulrich! Ah! How glad I am! What a good idea!"

"Come, let go of me! Good evening, my Jean! You have just arrived?"

"I got here at three o'clock this afternoon. I should have come to
see you to-morrow, you know!"

"I was certain of it! But I could not wait so long. I simply had to
come down and see you. It is three years since I saw you, Jean! Let
me look at you!"

"At your leisure," said the young man, laughing. "Have I changed?"

He had just pushed a leathern arm-chair up to his uncle, and sat
down facing him, on a sofa covered with a rug and placed against the

Between them there was a table, on which burned a little oil lamp of
chased metal. Near by through the window, whose curtains were drawn
aside, the park could be seen all motionless and solitary in the
moonlight. M. Ulrich scrutinised Jean with a curiosity at once
affectionate and proud. He had grown--he was a little taller than
his uncle. His solid Alsatian face had taken on a quiet firmness and
more pleasing lines. His brown moustache was thicker, his easy
gestures were now those of a man who has seen the world. He might
have been mistaken for a Southerner because of the Italian paleness
of his shaven cheeks, of his eyes encircled with shadow, because of
his dark hair which he wore parted at the side, and because of his
pale lips opening over fine healthy teeth, which he showed when he
spoke or smiled. But several signs marked him a Child of Alsace. The
width of his face across the cheek-bones, his eyes green as the
forests of the Vosges, and the square chin of the peasants of the

He had inherited some of their characteristics, for his great
grandfather had guided the plough. He had their sturdy horseman's
body. The uncle also guessed, by the youthfulness of the glance
which met his, that Jean Oberlé, the man of twenty-four, whom he was
now looking at once more, was not very different morally from him
whom he had known formerly.

"No," he said, after a long pause, "you are the same!--only you are
a man--I was afraid of greater changes."

"And why?"

"Because, my boy, at your age especially there are certain journeys
which are crucial tests. But first, where do you come from,

"From Berlin, where I passed my _Referendar_ examination."

The uncle laughed a jerky laugh, which he repressed quickly, and
which was lost in his grey beard.

"Let us call that the _Licence en droit_ examination--if you kindly

"Most willingly, uncle."

"Then give me a fuller explanation and one more up-to-date, for you
must have had your diploma in your pocket more than a year. What
have you done with your time?"

"It's very simple. The year before last I passed my examination, as
you know, in Berlin, so finishing my law studies. Last year I worked
with a lawyer till August. Then I travelled through Bohemia,
Hungary, Croatia, and the Caucasus--with father's permission. I took
six months over it. I returned to Berlin to get my student's luggage
and to pay some farewell visits--and here I am."

"Well, and your father? In my haste to see you again I have not
asked after him. Is he well?"

"He is not here."

"What! Was he obliged to be absent on the very evening of your

Jean answered with a little bitterness:

"He was obliged to be present at a great dinner at the Councillor
von Boscher's. He has taken my sister. It is a very grand reception,
it seems."

There was a short silence. The two men smiled no longer. They felt
between them--quite near--the supreme question, imposing itself upon
them after a three minutes' conversation, that exasperating and
fatal question which cannot be avoided, which unites and divides,
which lurks beneath all social intercourse, honours, mortifications,
and institutions, the question which has kept Europe under arms for
thirty years.

"I dined alone," said Jean, "that is to say, with my grandfather."

"Not much of a companion, poor man. Is he not always so depressed,
and so very infirm?"

"But his mind is very much alive, I assure you!"

There was a second silence, after which M. Ulrich asked,

"And my sister? Your mother? Is she with them?"

The young man nodded an affirmative.

The elder man's grief was so intense that he turned away his eyes so
that Jean might not see all the suffering they expressed. He raised
them by chance to a water-colour by that master of decorative art,
Spindler, hanging on the wall, and which represented three beautiful
Alsatian girls amusing themselves swinging. Quickly he looked his
nephew straight in the face, and, his voice broken with emotion,

"And you? You, too, could have dined with the Councillor von
Boscher, considering how intimate you are with these Germans. Did
you not wish to follow your parents?"


The word was said decidedly, simply. But M. Ulrich had not got the
information he sought. Yes, Jean Oberlé had certainly become a man.
He refused to blame his family, to voice any opinion which would be
an accusation of the others. His uncle continued with the same
ironical accent:

"Nevertheless, my nephew, all the winter through your Berlin
successes were dinned into my ears. They did not spare me. I knew
you were dancing with our fair enemies. I knew their names."

"Oh, I beg you," said Jean seriously, "do not let us joke about
these questions--like people who dare not face them and give their
opinion. I have had a different education from yours, it is true,
uncle--a German education. But that does not diminish my love for
this country; on the contrary...."

M. Ulrich stretched his hand across the table and pressed that of

"So much the better," he said.

"Did you doubt it?"

"I did not doubt it, my child--I did not know. I see so many things
that pain me--and so many convictions surrendered."

"The proof that I love our Alsace is shown by my intention to live
in Alsheim."

"What!" said M. Ulrich, stupefied. "You give up the idea of entering
the German Administration--as your father desires you should do? It
is grave--a serious thing, my friend, to rob him of his ambition.
You were the subject of the future. Does he know?"

"He suspects; but we have not yet had any explanations on the
matter. I have not had time since my return."

"And what will you do?"

The youthful smile reappeared on the lips of Jean Oberlé.

"I shall cut wood, as he does, as my grandfather Phillipe does; I
shall settle among you here. When I travelled in Germany and in
Austria, after my examination, it was chiefly that I might study the
forests, the saw-mills, and the factories like our own. You are

"Not quite."

M. Ulrich was not weeping, but he was obliged to dry his wet eyelids
with the tip of his finger.

"It would be for joy, in any case, my dear boy. Oh, for a true and
great joy. To see you faithful to what I love best in the world. To
keep you with us--to see you determined not to accept appointments
and honours from those who have violated your country.... Yes, it
was the dream I dared no longer dream.... Only, quite frankly, I
cannot understand it. I am surprised. Why are you not like your
father, or like Lucienne, who have so openly rallied to the enemy?
You studied law in Munich, in Bonn, in Heidelberg, in Berlin; you
have just passed four years in Germany, without speaking of your
college years. How did you avoid becoming German?"

"I am less so than you."

"That is hardly possible."

"Less than you, because I know them better. I have judged them by
comparison. Well, they are our inferiors."

"Well, I _am_ pleased. We hear nothing but the opposite of this. In
France, above all, the praise of the conquerors of 1870 continues
without intermission."

The young man, touched by M. Ulrich's emotion, leaned no longer on
the sofa, but bending forwards, his face lit up by the lamp, which
made his green eyes appear more brilliant, said:

"Do not mistake me, Uncle Ulrich. I do not hate the Germans, and in
that I differ from you. I even admire them, for in some things they
are admirable. Among them I have friends I esteem greatly. I shall
have others. I belong to a generation which has not seen what you
have seen, and which has lived differently--I have not been

"Happily, not!"

"Only the more I know them, the more I feel myself different from
them; I feel I am of another race, with another category of ideals
into which they do not enter, which I find superior, and which,
without knowing why, I call 'France.'"

"Bravo, Jean, bravo!"

The old dragoon officer bent forward--he also was quite pale--and
the two men were only separated by the width of the table.

"What I call France, uncle, what I have in my heart, like a dream,
is a country where there is a greater facility for thought."


"For speech----"

"That's it!"

"For laughter."

"How right you are!"

"Where souls have infinite shades of colour! A country that has the
charm of a woman one loves, as it were a still more beautiful

Both had risen, and M. Ulrich drew his nephew towards him, and
pressed that fervent head against his breast.

"Frenchman!" said he, "Frenchman to the marrow of your bones, and in
every drop of blood in your veins! My poor boy!"

The young man continued, his head still resting on the older man's

"That is why I cannot live over yonder--across the Rhine--and why I
shall live here!"

"Well might I say 'poor boy'!" answered M. Ulrich. "All is
changed--alas! Even here in your home. You will suffer, Jean, with a
nature like yours. I understand everything now--everything."

Then letting his nephew go:

"How glad I am I came to-night. Sit down there quite close to me. We
have so much to say to each other--Jean, my Jean!"

They sat down side by side, happy, on the sofa. M. Ulrich stroked
his pointed beard into its habitual well-groomed neatness. He
recovered from his emotion, and said:

"Do you know that by speaking of France as we have spoken this
evening, we have committed misdemeanours such as I delight in? It is
not allowed. If we had been out of doors and Hamm had heard us, we
should have been speedily dealt with--there would have been an
official report!"

"I met him this afternoon."

"And I saw the son pass by in the depths of the wood just now. He is
a non-commissioned officer in the Rhenish Hussars--the regiment
which will soon be yours. Is that the carriage I hear?"


"Listen, then!"

They listened, gazing out of the window at the park, which was lit
up by the full high moon; at the lawn in the shape of a lyre with
its two white avenues, at the clumps of trees, and farther on the
tile roofs of the saw-mill. Not a sound could be heard save the fall
of the brook at the factory sluice, a monotonous sound which seemed
now near, now far, according to the direction and strength of the
freshening wind which was now blowing from the north-east, "from the
Cathedral platform," as Uncle Ulrich said, thinking of Strasburg.

"No; what you hear," said Jean Oberlé, after listening for a while,
"is the noise of the sluice. Father told the coachman to go to
Molsheim to wait for the eleven-thirty train. We have time to chat."

They had time, and they made good use of it. They began to speak
softly, without haste or difficulty, like those who have recognised
that they agree on essentials and who can now safely open up all
other questions, even the smallest. They spoke of the year's
voluntary service Jean had been allowed to postpone until he was
twenty-four, and of that new life he was going to begin at
Strasburg--of the ease with which he could come nearly every Sunday
to Alsheim. Then, this dear name having been repeated, uncle and
nephew took pleasure in their recollections of the country, first of
Alsheim, then of Sainte Odile, of the forest-dwelling of
Heidenbruch, of Obernai, of Saverne, where the uncle had forests, of
Guebwiller, where he had relations. It was Alsace they evoked. They
thoroughly understood one another. They smoked, their legs crossed,
seated one in each corner of the sofa, letting their words flow
freely, and laughing often. Their conversation was so prolonged that
the Black Forest cuckoo clock hanging over the door struck midnight.

"Do you suppose we have disturbed your grandfather?" asked M.
Ulrich, getting up, and pointing with his hand to the wall which
separated the young man's room from that of the sick man.

"No," said Jean; "he hardly sleeps at all now--I am sure it has
pleased him to hear me laugh. As my family left me at five o'clock I
spent a good deal of my time with him, and I watched him closely. He
hears and understands everything. He recognised your voice, I am
sure, and perhaps he has caught a word here and there."

"That will have pleased him, my boy. He belongs to the very old
Alsace, that country which seems almost fabulous to you, and to
which I also belong, although I am much younger than M. Oberlé. It
was wholly French, that Alsace, and not a man of that time has
changed. Look at your grandfather--look at old Bastian. We are the
generation who suffered. We represent grief--we others. Your father
embodies resignation."

"And I?"

Uncle Ulrich looked at the young man, with his far-seeing eyes, and

"You--oh, you are Romance."

They would have smiled, both of them, but they could not, as if that
word had been too perfectly accurate, which is not always the case
with human judgments--as if they felt that Fate was there in this
room, invisible, who repeated to them at the bottom of their hearts
at the same time: "Yes, it is true--this one is Romance." The grief
which was oppressing them was only to be explained by the imminence
of life's mystery. It faded away. M. Ulrich reached out his hand to
his nephew, more gravely than he would have done if that word had
not escaped him, which he did not regret, but which remained present
with him.

"Good-bye, dear Jean. I would rather not wait for my
brother-in-law. I do not know what attitude I should take up towards
him. All you have told me would embarrass me. You will wish him good
night for me. I will go home through the woods by moonlight. What a
pity I have not my gun with me and the good luck to come across a
brace of grouse in the fir wood."

To reach the staircase he took some careful steps on the carpet in
the passage.

"Uncle," said Jean, in a low tone, "if you would go to my
grandfather I am sure he would be pleased--I am sure he is not

Uncle Ulrich, who was walking in front, stopped and retraced his
steps. Jean turned the handle of the door near which he was, and
going first into the room, said, in a lowered voice:

"Grandfather, I bring you a visitor--Uncle Ulrich--who wishes to see

They were in the semi-darkness of a large room, the curtains of
which had been drawn, and a nightlight, in transparent china, placed
at the end of the room on the left between the closed window and a
bed which occupied the corner, was the sole light. On the table
beside the bed, in the little luminous halo which surrounded the
nightlight, was a small crucifix of copper, and a gold watch, the
only shining objects in the room. In the bed an old man was sitting
rather than lying, his shoulders covered with a grey wool crossover,
his back and head supported by pillows, his hands hidden under the
sheets, which still kept the folds of the linen press. A tapestry
riband, serving as bell-cord and finishing in a fringe, reached to
the middle of the bed. The man who was sleeping or waking there was
impotent. Life with him was withdrawing more and more within. He
walked and moved with difficulty. He no longer spoke. Under his
thick, pale cheeks his mouth moved only to eat and to say three
words--three cries--always the same: "Hunger, Thirst. Go away!" A
sort of senile laziness allowed his jaw to hang, the jaw that had
commanded many men. M. Ulrich and Jean went to the middle of the
room without his giving the least sign that he was conscious of
their presence. This poor human ruin was, however, the same man who
had founded the factory at Alsheim, who had raised himself from the
condition of a little country proprietor, who had been elected
_protesting_ deputy, who had been seen and heard in the Reichstag,
claiming the unrecognised rights of Alsace and demanding justice of
Prince Bismarck. Intelligence was watching, imprisoned, like the
flame which lit up the room that night; but it expressed itself no
longer. In this uninterrupted dream what men and things must pass
before the mental vision of him who knew the whole of Alsace, who
had gone through it in every direction, who had drunk of its white
wines at all the tables of the rich and the poor; traveller,
merchant, forester, and patriot! And it was he--this wrinkled bald
head, this lowering face, these heavy eyelids, between which a slow,
sad eye slipped to and fro like a billiard ball in the immovable
slit of a bell. However, the two visitors had the impression that
his gaze rested on them with an unusual pleasure.

They kept silence so as to let the old man savour the sweetness of a
thought they would never, never know. Then Uncle Ulrich went near
the bed, and, placing his hand upon the arm of Philippe Oberlé,
bending down slightly to be nearer his ear and to more easily meet
his eyes, which were raised with difficulty:

"We have talked a good deal, M. Oberlé, your grandson and myself. He
is a good fellow--your Jean!"

A movement of the whole upper part of the body slowly changed the
position of the head of the old man, who was trying to see his

"A good fellow," continued the forester, "whose stay in Berlin has
not spoiled him. He has remained worthy of you--an Alsatian, a
patriot. He does you honour."

Though there was only the tiny floating light in the room, Uncle
Ulrich and Jean thought they perceived a smile on the face of the
old man, the answer from a soul still young.

They quietly withdrew, saying:

"Good night, M. Oberlé. Good night, grandfather."

The flame of the nightlight flickered, displacing lights and
shadows; the door was shut, and the interrupted dream continued in
the room, where hardly anything had entered since sunset save the
hours struck in the belfry of the church of Alsheim. M. Ulrich and
his nephew parted at the foot of the staircase. The night was cold,
the grass all white with frost.

"Good time for walking!" said M. Ulrich; "I shall expect you at

He whistled for his dog, and stroking its red-brown head, said:

"Take me home, for I am going to dream all the time of what that boy
told me!"

Scarcely had he gone some few hundreds of yards--the sound of his
footstep could still be heard on the road going up towards the Wood
of Urlosen--when in the calm of the night Jean caught the sound of
the trotting horses coming from the Obernai district. The noise of
their shoes striking the metalled road sounded like flails on a
threshing-floor; it was a rural sound, and not disturbing; it broke
no rest. Fidèle, who was barking furiously towards the edge of the
forest, must have had other reasons to show her teeth and give
tongue. Jean listened to the carriage coming nearer. Soon the noise
grew less and less, then became deadened, and he knew that the
carriage had passed between the walls of the village, or at least
had entered the circle of orchards which made Alsheim in the summer
a nest of apple-trees, cherries, and walnuts. Then it swelled and
sounded clear like a train coming out of a tunnel. The gravel
scrunched at the end of the avenue. Two lamps turned and passed
rapidly across the park; the grass, the shrubs, the lower trunks of
trees, arose abruptly out of the darkness and as abruptly sank back
into it again, and the brougham stopped before the house. Jean, who
had remained at the top of the staircase, went down and opened the
door. A young girl got out at once; her face was rosy, and she was
wrapped all in white--white mantilla, coat of white wool, and white
shoes. In passing, almost in the air, she bent to the right, just
touched Jean's forehead with a kiss, and half opened two lips heavy
with sleep.

"Good night, little brother."

And picking up her skirt with a loose grasp, with wavering
movements, her head already on the pillow as it were, she went up
the stairs and disappeared into the vestibule.

"Good evening, my son," said the authoritative voice of a man. "You
have waited for us; you were wrong. Come quickly, Monica, the horses
are very hot. Auguste, you will give them twelve litres to-morrow.
You would have done better to have gone with us, Jean. It was all
very nice. M. von Boscher asked twice about you."

The person who spoke thus, now to one and now to the other, had had
time to get out of the carriage, to shake hands with Jean, to turn
towards Madame Oberlé, still seated in the back of the carriage, to
go half-way up the flight of steps, to inspect with the eye of a
connoisseur the two black horses, whose wet backs looked as if they
had been rubbed with soap. His grey whiskers framed a full and solid
face; his overcoat was unbuttoned, showing the open waistcoat and
the shirt, where three Rhine stones shone; his oratorical hand only
appeared a moment. After having given his opinion and his orders,
Joseph Oberlé--vigilant master who forgot nothing--quickly raised
his double chin and fixed his eyes on the end of the enclosure,
where the pyramids of felled trees were resting, to see if there
were any signs of fire visible, or if any shadow prowled round the
saw-mill; then, nimbly mounting the second flight of steps two at a
time, he entered the house. His son had answered nothing. He was
helping Madame Oberlé out of the carriage, taking from her her
gloves and fan, and asking:

"You are not so very tired, are you, mother darling?"

Her dear eyes smiled, her long mouth said:

"Not too tired; but it is not for me, now, my dear. You have an old

She leaned on the arm of her son--from a mother's pride more than
from necessity. There was infinite sadness in her smile, and she
seemed to ask Jean, at whom she looked while going up the steps,
"You forgive me for having gone there? I have suffered."

She was wearing a black satin dress. She had diamonds in her hair,
still black, and a collar of blue fox on her shoulders. Jean thought
she looked like an unhappy queen, and he admired the elegance of her
head, of her walk, and her fine carriage. She was of an old Alsatian
family, and he felt himself the son of this woman with a pride he
showed only to her.

He accompanied her, giving her his arm all the time so as to have
the joy of being nearer to her, and to stop her on nearly every step
of the staircase.

"Mamma, I have spent an excellent evening. It would have been
delicious if only you had been there! Imagine, Uncle Ulrich came at
half-past eight, and he only set out for home at midnight, just

Madame Oberlé smiled a melancholy smile and said:

"He never stops as long as that for us. He keeps away."

"You mean to say that he keeps away! I will bring him back to you."

She stopped in her turn, looked at this son, whom she had not seen
since the afternoon, and smiled more gaily.

"You love my brother?"

"Better than I used to. I seem to have just discovered him."

"You were too young before."

"And how we have talked! We agree on all points."

The gentle maternal eyes sought those of her child in the twilight
of the staircase.

"Oh, all?" she asked.

"Yes, mamma, on all!"

They had arrived at the top of the stairs. She placed her gloved
finger on her mouth. She withdrew her arm which she had placed in
that of her son. She was at the door of her room, facing M. Philippe
Oberlé's room. Jean kissed her, withdrew a little, returned to her,
and pressed her once again to his heart silently.

Then he took a few steps down the passage, looked again at this
woman dressed in black, and whom mourning suited so well--so simple
with her drooping white hands and her erect head, so firm of
feature, so gentle in expression.

He murmured gaily:

"Saint Monica Oberlé, pray for us!"

She did not seem to hear him, but she remained, her hand on the
door-handle without entering, as long as Jean could see her, Jean,
who was going backwards step by step, farther away, into the shadows
of the passage.

He entered his room, his heart joyful, his mind full of thoughts,
all those thoughts of the past evening coming back now with swift
flight in the solitude of the present. Feeling that he would not
sleep at once, he opened the window. The cold air blew steadily from
the north-east. The mist had fled. From his room Jean could see,
beyond the wide strip of cultivated hilly ground, the forests where
Shadow all night long wound and unwound her folds, away to the
heights crowned here and there by a spiked cluster of ancient woods,
which broke the line of hills and wreathed itself about in stars. He
tried to find the house of M. Ulrich. And in thought he saw again
him who ought to be arriving home, when voices began to sing on the
edge of the forest. A shiver of pleasure seized the nerves of the
young man, who was a passionate musician. The voices were beautiful,
young, and in tune. There were more than twenty of them certainly,
perhaps thirty or fifty. He missed the words because of the
distance. It was like the sound of an organ in the night. They flung
out to the wind of Alsace a song of a spirited rhythm. Then three
distinct words reached Jean's ears. He shrugged his shoulders,
irritated with himself for not having understood at once. It was a
chorus of German soldiers coming back from the manoeuvre of those
Rhenish Hussars M. Ulrich had met coming down the mountain.
According to custom, they sang to keep themselves awake, and because
there was in their songs the power of the word Fatherland. The
horses' hoofs accompanied the melody like muffled cymbals. The words
escaped and vibrated:

   "Stimmt an mit hellem hohen Klang,
     Stimmt an das Lied der Lieder.
   Des Faterlandes Hochgesang,
     Das Waldthal hall es wieder."

Jean would have been glad to stop the song. How many times,
however, and in all the German Provinces, had he not heard the
soldiers sing? Why should he feel sad at the song of these men? Why
did the words enter into his soul so painfully, although he knew
them and could repeat them from memory? When some two hundred yards
from the village they became silent. Only the clatter of hoofs
continued drawing nearer to Alsheim and echoing above it. Jean
leaned forward to see the horsemen pass in the little market town.
He could see them through a large opening in the wall surrounding
the park, secured by an iron gate just in front of the house--a
moving mass in a brown dust that the wind blew back, leaning like
barley beards in the ear. The men were not to be distinguished from
each other, nor the horses. Jean thought, with a secret and
increasing pain, "How many there are!"

At Berlin, at Munich, at Heidelberg, they only aroused an idea of
strength without any immediate aim or object. The enemy had not been
specially singled out; it was everything opposed to the greatness of
the German Empire. Jean Oberlé had more than once admired the march
of regiments and the wonderful power of the man who commanded so
many men. But here on the frontier, on the ground still bloody with
the last war, there were memories which showed only too well who was
aimed at and threatened. The sight--the noise--of the soldiers made
him dream of butcheries, of death, and of the fearful mourning which
remains. They were passing between the houses. The noise of the
squadrons, of men and beasts shook the windows. The little town
seemed asleep. Neither the soldiers nor their leaders noticed
anything; but in many of the houses a mother woke and sat up in her
bed, shivering; a man stretched out his fist and cursed these
conquerors of past days. God alone knew the drama. They passed by.
When the last squadron had finished throwing shadows across the
road, between the two pillars of the gate, Jean thought he saw, in
the dust that was settling, a horseman facing the house. Was the
horse refusing to advance? No; he was at rest. The horseman must be
an officer--something golden placed in several rows across his
breast sparkled. He did not move, firm in his saddle, young
certainly, he gazed in front of him. This lasted scarcely a minute.
Then he lowered the sabre he held in his hand, and having saluted,
put spurs to his horse, which rushed away. The scene had been so
quick that Jean might have thought it an illusion, if the gallop of
the beast had not sounded in the village street.

"Some Teutonic joke," he thought--"a way this officer has found of
saying that the house pleases him! Thanks!"

The regiment had already left the village and ridden away to the
wide plain. The houses had gone to sleep once more. The wind blew
towards the green Vosges. In the opposite quarter, far away now,
like a religious hymn, rose again the song of the German soldiers,
who were celebrating the German Fatherland whilst marching towards



On the following day the morning was far advanced when Jean left his
room and appeared on the flight of steps built of the red stone of
Saverne like the house, which opened on to the park in two flights
of long steps. He was dressed in shooting clothes--of which he was
fond--gaiters of black leather, breeches and coat of blue wool, with
a hat of soft felt, in the ribbon of which he stuck a grouse
feather. From the steps he asked:

"Where is my father?"

The man whom he addressed, the gardener, busy raking the avenue,

"Monsieur is in the office at the saw-mill."

The first thing that Jean Oberlé saw on raising his eyes was the
Vosges mountains, clothed with forests of pines, with trails of snow
in the hollows, and with low, rapid clouds hiding the peaks. He
trembled with joy. Then having gazed at the lowest mountain slopes,
at the vineyards, and then the meadows, as if to impress on his
memory all the details of these places found again after a long
absence, and above all with the added satisfaction of remaining
among them, his eyes fastened on the red roofs of the saw-mill,
which made a barrier at the end of the Oberlé property, on the
chimneys, on the high building where the turbines were, to the right
on the course of the mountain stream of Alsheim, and nearer on the
timber-yard whence the factory got its supplies, on the heaps of
wood from trees of all sorts--beams, planks, which rose in pyramids
and enormous cubes, beyond the winding alleys and the clumps of
trees, some two hundred yards from the house. Jets of white steam in
many places escaped from the roof of the saw-mill, and rested on the
north wind like the clouds up above.

The young man went to the left, crossed the park, formerly planted
and designed by M. Philippe Oberlé, and which was now beginning to
be a freer and more harmonious corner of nature, and turning towards
the piles of oak trunks, elms, and pines, went to knock at the door
of the long building.

He entered the glass pavilion which served the master for a
workroom. He was engaged in reading the day's letters. Seeing his
son appear, he put the papers on the table, made a sign with his
hand which meant "I expected your visit--sit down"--and moving his
arm-chair, he said:

"Well, my boy! What have you to say to me?"

M. Joseph Oberlé was a ruddy man, quick and authoritative. Because
of his shaven lips, his short whiskers, the correctness of his
clothes, the easiness of his words and manners, he had sometimes
been taken for an old French magistrate. The mistake did not arise
with those who thought thus. It had been made by circumstances which
had taken M. Joseph Oberlé in spite of himself from the way wherein
he had intended to go, and which should have led him to some public
office in the magistrature or the administration. The father, the
founder of the dynasty, Philippe Oberlé, son of a race of peasant
proprietors, had founded at Alsheim in 1850 this mechanical
saw-mill, which had rapidly prospered. He had become in a few years
rich and powerful, very much beloved, because he neglected no means
to that end; increasingly influential, but without at all
foreseeing the events which would one day induce him to put his
influence at the service of Alsace.

The son of this industrial workman could hardly escape the ambition
of being a public functionary. That is what happened--his education
had prepared him for it. Taken early from Alsace, pupil for eight
years at the Lycée Louis le Grand, then law student, he was at
twenty-two years old attached to the office of the Prefect of
Charente, when the war broke out. Retained for some months by his
chief, who thought it would please his friend the great manufacturer
of Alsace if he sheltered the young man behind the walls of the
prefecture of Angoulême; then on his demand incorporated tardily in
the Army of the Loire, Joseph Oberlé marched much, retired much,
suffered much from cold, and fought well on rare occasions. When the
war was finished he had to make his choice.

If he had consulted his personal preferences only, he would have
remained French, and he would have continued to follow an
administrative career, having a taste for authority and few personal
opinions on the quality of an order to be transmitted. But his
father recalled him to Alsace. He implored him not to leave the work
begun and prospering. He said: "My industry is become German by
conquest; I cannot leave the instrument of my fortune and your
future to perish. I detest the Prussians, but I take the only means
which I have of continuing my life usefully. I was a Frenchman, I
become an Alsatian. Do the same. I hope it will not be for long."

Joseph Oberlé had obeyed with real repugnance--repugnance at
submitting to the law of the conqueror, repugnance at living in the
village of Alsheim, lost at the foot of the Vosges. He had even
committed at this time imprudences of speech and attitude which he
regretted now. For the conquest had lasted; the fortunes of Germany
were strengthened, and the young man, associated with his father
and become the master of a factory, had felt the meshes of an
administration similar to the French administration, but more
harassing, stricter, and better obeyed, knotting itself and drawing
closer round him. He saw that on every occasion, without any
exception, the German authorities would put him in the wrong; the
police, the magistrates, the functionaries established for public
services which he used daily, the commission of public roads, the
railways, the water supply, the forests, the customs. The
malevolence which he met with on all sides and in all departments of
German administration, although he had become a German subject, was
aggravated and had become quite a danger to the prosperity of the
house of Alsheim, when, in 1874, M. Philippe Oberlé, giving to his
son the direction of the saw-mill, had yielded to the insistences of
that poor forsaken country, which wanted to make of him, and did
make him, the representative of her interests at the Reichstag, and
one of the protesting deputies of Alsace.

This experience, the weariness of waiting, the removal of M.
Philippe Oberlé, who spent a part of the year at Berlin, modified
sensibly the attitude of the young head of the industrial
enterprise. His first fervour, and that of others, grew less. He saw
the anti-German manifestations of Alsatian peasants becoming rarer
and more prudent. He hardly did any business with France; he no
longer received visits from French people, even those made from
interested and commercial motives. France, so near by distance,
became like a walled-in country, shut up, and whence nothing more
came to Alsace, neither travellers nor merchandise. The newspapers
he received left him in no doubt as to the slow abandonment which
certain French politicians counselled under the name of wisdom and

In ten years M. Joseph Oberlé had used up, till he could no longer
find a trace in himself, all that his temperament allowed him of
resistance to oppose to an established power. He was rallied. His
marriage with Monica Biehler, desired and arranged by the old and
ardent patriot who voted in the Reichstag against Prince Bismarck,
had had no influence on his new ideas and attitude, at first secret,
soon suspected, then known, then affirmed, then scandalously
published by M. Joseph Oberlé. He gave pledges to the Germans, then
hostages. He overstepped the boundary. He went farther than
obedience. The foremen of the factory, old soldiers of France,
admirers of M. Philippe Oberlé, companions of his struggle against
the Germanisation of Alsace, bore with difficulty the attitude of
the new master and blamed him. One of them in a moment of impatience
had said to him one day, "Do you think we are so particularly proud
to work for a renegade like you?" He had been discharged. His
comrades immediately had taken his part, interceded, talked, and
threatened a strike. "Well, do it," the master had said; "I shall be
delighted. You are all quarrelsome fellows; I shall replace you by
Germans!" They did not believe in the threat, but when a fresh
crisis arose M. Joseph Oberlé carried it into execution a little
later, that he might not be accused of weakness, which he feared
more than injustice, and because he thought he could gain some
advantage by replacing the Alsatians, continual grumblers, by
workmen from Baden and Wurtemburg who were better disciplined and
more easily managed. A third of the employés at the saw-mill had
thus been replaced. A little German colony had been established to
the north of the village, in the houses built by the master, and the
Alsatians who remained had to bend before the argument of daily
bread. That happened in 1882. Some years later, they learned that M.
Oberlé had sent his son Jean to be educated in Bavaria at the Munich
gymnasium. In the same way he sent off his daughter Lucienne,
placing her in the charge of the mistress of the most German school
in Baden-Baden, the Mündner boarding-school. This last measure
roused public opinion most of all. They were furious at this
repudiation of Alsatian education and influence. They pitied Madame
Oberlé thus separated from her son and deprived, as if she had been
unworthy, of the right of bringing up her own daughter. To all those
who blamed him the father replied, "It is for their good. I have
spoiled my life; I do not wish them to spoil theirs. They will
choose their road later when they have been able to make
comparisons. But I will not have them from their very youth
catalogued, pointed at, and inscribed on the official list as
Alsatian pariahs."

Sometimes he added: "You do not understand, then, all the sacrifice
that I am making! I am sparing my children these sacrifices; I am
devoting myself to them. But that does not mean that I am not

He did suffer in fact, and so much the more that the confidence of
the German administration was hard to gain. The reward of so much
effort did not seem enviable. True, those in office began to
flatter, to draw nearer, to seek out M. Joseph Oberlé, a precious
conquest, of which many district directors had boasted in high
places. But they watched him, whilst loading him with invitations
and kind attentions. He felt the hesitation, the mistrust, scarcely
disguised, sometimes even emphasised by the new masters he wished to
please. Was he safe? Had he taken the side of the Annexation without
any mental reservation? Did he sufficiently admire the German
genius, German civilisation, German commerce, the German future? One
had to admire so much and so many things!

The answer, however, became more and more affirmative. There was the
acknowledged desire to make his son, Jean, enter the German
magistracy, and there was the systematic continuation of this kind
of exile imposed on the young man. When his classical studies were
finished and his final examination passed with success at the end of
the scholastic year, 1895, Jean spent his first year of law studies
at the University of Munich; he divided the next year between Bonn
and Heidelberg; then took his licentiate's degree at Berlin, where
he went through the Referendar Examination. At last, after a fourth
year, when as a licentiate in law he entered the office of a lawyer
at Berlin, after long travel in foreign countries, the young man
came back to his home to rest before joining a regiment.

Truly the plan had been thoroughly carried out. In the first years
of his student life, in his holidays even, excepting some days given
to his family, his time had been given to travelling. During the
last years he had not even appeared in Alsheim.

The end of it was that the administration no longer suspected him.
Besides, one of the great obstacles to a public reconciliation
between the functionaries of Alsace and M. Joseph Oberlé had
disappeared. The old protesting deputy, seized by the illness which
became chronic, retired from political life in 1890. From that
moment dated, for the son, the smiles, the promises, the favours so
long solicited. M. Joseph Oberlé recognised in the development his
affairs had taken--in the Rhenish country and even beyond it--in the
diminution of the official reports directed against his employés, or
against himself in cases of contravention, in the signs of deference
which the small officials showed him--formerly the most arrogant of
all, in the ease with which he had ruled disputable points, obtained
authorisations, altered the rules in divers points--in all these
signs, as well as in others, he recognised that the governmental
mind, present everywhere, incarnate everywhere in a multitude of
men of gold lace--was no longer against him.

More definite advances were made to him. The preceding winter, while
Lucienne, who had returned from the Mündner school, pretty, witty,
charming, was dancing in the German salons of Strasburg, the father
was talking with the representatives of the Empire. One of them, the
prefect of Strasburg, Count Kassewitz, acting probably in accordance
with superior orders, had let drop that the Government would see,
without displeasure, M. Joseph Oberlé present himself as candidate
for the deputyship in one of the districts of Alsace, and that the
official support of the administration would be given to the son of
the old protesting deputy.

This prospect filled M. Oberlé with joy. It had revived the ambition
of this man who found himself up to then repaid but badly for the
sacrifices of self-respect, friendships, and memories, which he had
had to make. It gave new energies and a definite object to this
official temperament, depressed by circumstances. M. Oberlé saw his
justification in it, without being able to reveal it. He said to
himself that, thanks to his energy, to his contempt for Utopia, to
his clear sight of what was possible and what was not, he could hope
for a future for himself--a participation in public life--a part he
had believed to be reserved for his son. And henceforward it would
be the answer that he would make to himself; if ever a doubt entered
his mind, it would be his revenge against the mute insults offered
him by some backward peasants, who forgot to recognise him in the
streets, and by certain citizens of Strasburg or Alsheim, who
scarcely, or no longer, saluted him.

He was therefore now going to receive his son in a frame of mind
very different from that of the past. To-day, when he knew himself
in full personal favour with the Government of Alsace-Lorraine, he
was less set on his son carrying out to the letter the plan that he
had traced at first. Jean had already assisted his father, as
Lucienne was assisting him. He had been an argument, and one of the
causes of this long-expected change of the governmental attitude.
His collaboration was still going to be useful, but not necessary;
and the father, warned by certain allusions and a certain reticence
in the last letters written from Berlin by his son, did not feel so
irritated when he thought that perhaps he would not follow the
career in the German magistracy so carefully prepared for him, and
would give up his last three years of terms and his State
examinations. Such were the reflections of this man, whose life had
been guided by the most unadulterated egotism, at the moment when he
was preparing to receive his son's visit. For he had seen Jean and
had watched him coming across the park. M. Oberlé had built at the
extreme end of the saw-mill a sort of cage or footbridge, from which
he could survey everything at once. One window opened on to the
timber yard, and allowed him to follow the movements of the men
occupied in stowing away and transporting the wood. Another,
composed of a double glazed framework, placed the book-keepers under
the eye of their master, ranged along a wall in a room like the
master's room; and by a third, that is to say by a glass partition,
which separated him from the workshop, he took in at a glance the
immense hall where machines of all kinds, great saws in leather
bands, cogged wheels, drills, and planes, were cutting, boring, and
polishing trunks of trees brought to them on sliding grooves. Round
him the low woodwork painted water-green; electric lamps in the
shape of violets, the call-buttons placed on a copper plaque which
served as a pediment to his work bureau, a telephone, a typewriter,
light chairs painted white, spoke of his taste for bright colours,
for convenient innovations, and for fragile-looking objects.

Seeing his son enter, he had turned towards the window overlooking
the park; he had crossed his legs, and placed his right elbow on the
desk. He examined curiously this tall, thin, handsome man, his son,
who sat down facing him, and he smiled. To see him thus, leaning
back in his arm-chair, and smiling his own mechanical and irrelevant
smile, by only judging from the full face framed by two grey
whiskers, and the gesture of his raised right hand, touching his
head and playing with the cord of his eyeglass, it would be easy to
understand the mistake of those who took M. Oberlé for a magistrate.
But the eyes, a little closed on account of the bright light, were
too quick and too hard to belong to any but a man of action. They
gave the lie to the mechanical smile of his lips. They had no
scientific curiosity, worldly or paternal; they sought simply a way,
like those of a ship's captain--in order to pass on. Scarcely had M.
Oberlé asked, "What have you to tell me?" than he added, "Have you
spoken with your mother this morning?"


"With Lucienne?"

"Neither; I have just come from my room."

"It is better so. It is better for us to make our plans together, we
two, without any one interfering. I have allowed you to return and
to stay here precisely that we may arrange your future. Firstly,
your military service in the month of October, with the fixed
determination--am I right?"--and he dwelt on the following
words--"to become an officer of the reserve?"

Jean, motionless, with head erect and straight look, and with the
charming gravity of a young man who speaks of his future and who
keeps a sort of quiet hold on himself which is not quite natural to

"Yes, father, that is my intention."

"The first point is then settled--and afterwards? You have seen the
world. You know the people among whom you are called to live. You
know that with regard to the German magistracy the chances of
succeeding increased some time ago, because my own position has been
considerably bettered in Alsace?"

"I know it."

"You know equally well that I have never wavered in my desire to see
you follow the career which would have been mine if circumstances
had not been stronger than my will."

As if this word had suddenly excited in him the strength to will,
the eyes of M. Oberlé were fixed, imperious and masterful, on those
of his son, like the claws of a bird of prey. He left off playing
with his eyeglass, and said quickly:

"Your last letters indicated, however, a certain hesitation. Answer
me. Will you become a magistrate?"

Jean became slightly pale, and answered:


The father bent forward as if he were going to rise, and without
taking his eyes off him whose moral energy he was weighing and
judging at that moment:


"Neither. Nothing official."

"Then your law studies?"



"Because," said the young man, trying to steady his voice, "I have
not the German spirit."

M. Oberlé had not expected this answer. It was a disavowal. He
started, and instinctively looked into the workshop to make sure
that no one had heard or even guessed at such words. He met the
raised eyes of many workmen, who thought he was supervising the
work, and who turned away at once.

M. Oberlé turned again to his son. A violent irritation had seized
him. But he understood that it was best not to let it be seen. For
fear that his hands should show his agitation, he had seized the two
arms of the arm-chair in which he was seated, bent forward as
before, but now considering this young man from head to foot,
considering his attitude, his clothes, his manner, this young man
who was voicing ideas which seemed like a judgment on the conduct of
his father. After a moment of silence, his voice broken, he asked:

"Who has put you against me? Your mother?"

"No one," said Jean Oberlé quickly. "I have nothing against you. Why
do you take it like that? I say simply that I have not the German
spirit. It is the result of a long comparison, and nothing else."

M. Joseph Oberlé saw that he had shown his hand too much. He
withdrew into himself, and putting on that expression of cold irony
with which he was accustomed to disguise his true sentiments:

"Then, since you refuse to follow the career which I destined for
you, have you chosen another?"

"Without doubt, with your consent."


"Yours. Do not be mistaken with regard to what I have just told you.
I have lived without a quarrel for ten years in an exclusively
German centre. I know what it has cost me. You ask me the result of
my experience. Well, I do not believe that my character is supple
enough, or easy-going enough if you like, to do more than that, or
to become a German official. I am sure that I should not always
understand, and that I should disobey sometimes. My decision is
irrevocable. And, on the contrary, your work pleases me."

"You imagine that a manufacturer is independent?"

"No; but he is more independent than many are. I studied law so
that I should not refuse to follow without reflection, without
examination, the way you pointed out to me. But I have profited by
the travels which you suggested, every year."

"You may say which I imposed upon you; that is the truth, and I am
going to explain my reasons."

"I have profited by them to study the forest industry wherever I
could--in Germany, in Austria, in the Caucasus. I have given more
thought and consideration to those questions than you might suppose.
And I wish to live in Alsheim. Will you allow me to?"

The father did not answer at first. He was trying on his son an
experiment to which he deliberately submitted other men who came to
treat with him about some important affair. He was silent at the
moment when decisive words were to be expected from him. If the
questioner, disturbed, turned away to escape the look which seemed
to be oppressive, or if he renewed the explanation already made, M.
Joseph Oberlé classed him among weak men, his inferiors. Jean bore
his father's look, and did not open his mouth. M. Oberlé was
secretly flattered. He understood that he found himself in the
presence of a man completely formed, of a very resolute, and
probably inflexible spirit. He knew others like him in the
neighbourhood. He secretly appreciated their independence of temper,
and feared it. With the quickness of combination and organisation
habitual to him, he perceived very clearly the industry of Alsheim
directed by Jean, and the father of Jean, Joseph Oberlé, sitting in
the Reichstag, admitted among the financiers, the administrators,
and the powerful men of Germany. He was one of those who know how to
turn his mistakes to some advantage, just as he managed to get
something from the factory waste. This new vision softened him. Far
from being angry, he let the ironical expression relax which he had
put on while speaking of his son's project. With a movement of his
hand he pointed to the immense workshop, where, without ceasing,
with a roar which slightly shook the double windows, the steel
blades entered into the heart of the old trees of the Vosges, and
said, in a tone of affectionate scolding:

"So be it, my son. It will give joy to my father, to your mother,
and to Ulrich. I agree that you put me in the wrong on one point
with regard to them, but in one point only. Some years ago I should
not have allowed you to refuse the career which seemed to me the
best for you, and which would have saved us all from difficulties
which you could not take the measure of. At that moment you were not
able to judge for yourself. And further, I found my work, my
position, too precarious and too dangerous to pass it on to you.
That has changed. My business has increased. Life has become
possible for me and for you all, thanks to the efforts, and perhaps
to the sacrifices, for which those about me are not sufficiently
grateful. To-day I admit that the business has a future. You wish to
succeed me? I open the door for you immediately! You will go through
the practical part of your apprenticeship in the seven months which
remain before you join your regiment. Yes, I consent, but on one


"You will not mix yourself up with politics."

"I have no taste for politics."

"Ah, excuse me," continued M. Oberlé with animation; "we must
understand one another, must we not? I do not think you have any
political ambition for yourself; you are not old enough, and perhaps
you are not of the right stuff. And that is not what I forbid--I
forbid you to have anything to do with Alsatian chauvinism; to go
about repeating, as others do, on every occasion--'France, France';
to wear under your waistcoat a tricolour belt; to imitate the
Alsatian students of Strasburg, who, to recognise and encourage one
another, and for the fun of it, whistle in the ears of the police
the six notes of the Marseillaise 'Form your battalions.' I won't
have any of those little proceedings, of those little bravadoes, and
of those great risks, my dear fellow! They are forbidden
manifestations for us business men who work in a German country.
They go against our efforts and interests, for it is not France who
buys. France is very far away, my dear fellow; she is more than two
hundred leagues from here, at least one would think so, considering
the little noise, movement, or money which come to us from there. Do
not forget that! You are by your own wish a German manufacturer; if
you turn your back on the Germans you are lost. Think what you
please about the history of your country, of its past, and of its
present. I am ignorant of your opinions on that subject. I will not
try to guess what they will be in a neighbourhood so behind the
times as ours at Alsheim; but whatever you think, either try to hold
your tongue, or make a career for yourself elsewhere."

A smile stole round Jean's turned-up moustache, while the upper part
of his face remained grave and firm.

"You are asking yourself, I am sure, what I think about France?"

"Let us hear."

"I love her."

"You do not know her!"

"I have read her history and her literature carefully, and I have
compared: that is all. When one is oneself of the nation, that
enables one to divine much. I do not know it otherwise, it is true.
You have taken your precautions."

"What you say is true, though at the same time you intended to

"Not at all."

"Yes, I have taken my precautions, in order to free your sister and
you from that deadly spirit of opposition which would have made your
lives barren from the beginning, which would have made you
discontented people, powerless, poor; there are too many people of
that sort in Alsace, who render no service to France or to Alsace,
or to themselves, by perpetually furnishing Germany with reasons for
anger. I do not regret that you make me explain myself as to the
system of education which I desired for you, and which I alone
desired. I wished to spare you the trial I have borne, of which I
have just spoken to you: to fail in life. There is still another
reason. Ah, I know well that credit will not be given me for that! I
am obliged to praise myself in my own family. My child, it is not
possible to have been brought up in France, to belong to France
through all one's ancestry, and not to love French culture."

He interrupted himself a moment to see the impression this phrase
produced, and he could see nothing, not a movement on the impassible
face of his son, who decidedly was a highly self-controlled man. The
implacable desire for justification which governed M. Oberlé, made
him go on:

"You know that the French language is not favourably looked upon
here, my dear Jean. In Bavaria you had a literary and historical
education, better from that point of view than you would have had in
Strasburg. I was able to desire, without prejudicing your masters
against you, that you should have many extra French lessons. In
Alsace, you and I would both have suffered for that. Those are the
motives which guided me. Experience will show whether I was
mistaken. I did it in any case in good faith, and for your good."

"My dear father," said Jean, "I have no right to judge what you have
done. What I can tell you is that, thanks to that education I have
received, if I have not an unbounded taste or admiration for German
civilisation, I have at least the habit of living with the Germans.
And I am persuaded that I could live with them in Alsace."

The father raised his eyebrows as if he would say, "I am not so sure
of that."

"My ideas, up to now, have made me no enemy in Germany; and it seems
to me that one can direct a saw-mill in an annexed country with the
opinions I have just shown you."

"I hope so," said M. Oberlé simply.

"Then you accept me? I come to you?"

For answer the master pressed his finger on an electric button.

A man came up the steps which led from the machine hall to the
observatory that M. Oberlé had had built, and opened the port-hole,
and in the opening one saw a square blond beard, long hair, and two
eyes like two blue gems.

"Wilhelm," said the master in German, "you will make my son
conversant with the works, and you will explain to him the purchases
we have made for the past six months. From to-morrow he will
accompany you in your round of visits to where the fellings and
cuttings are being carried out in the interests of the firm."

The door was shut again.

That young enthusiast, the elegant Jean Oberlé, was standing in
front of his father. He held out his hand to him and said, pale with

"Now I am again some one in Alsace! How I thank you!"

The father took his son's hand with a somewhat studied effusion. He

"He is the image of his mother! In him I find again the spirit, the
words, and the enthusiasm of Monica." Aloud he said:

"You see, my son, that I have only one aim in view, to make you
happy. I have always had it. I agree to your adopting a career quite
different from the one I chose for you. Try now to understand our
position as your sister understands it."

Jean went away, and his father, a few minutes later, went out also.
But while M. Joseph Oberlé went towards the house, being in haste to
see his daughter, the only confidante of his thoughts, and to report
the conversation he had just had with Jean, the latter crossed the
timber yard to the left, passed before the lodge, and took the road
to the forest. But he did not go far, because the luncheon hour was
approaching. By the road that wound upward he reached the region of
the vineyards of Alsheim, beyond the hop-fields which were still
bare, where the poles rose tied together, like a stack of arms. His
soul was glad. When he came to the entrance of a vineyard which he
had known since his earliest childhood, where he had gathered the
grapes in the days of long ago, he climbed on to a hill which
overlooked the road and the rows of vines at the bottom. In spite of
the grey light, in spite of the clouds and the wind, he found his
Alsace beautiful, divinely beautiful--Alsace, sloping down very
gently in front of him, and becoming a smooth plain with strips of
grass and strips of ploughed land, and whence the villages here and
there lifted their tile roofs and the point of their belfries.
Round, isolated trees--leafless because it was winter--resembled dry
thistles; some crows were flying, helped by the north wind, and
seeking a newly sown spot.

Jean raised his hands, and spread them as if to embrace the expanse
of land stretching out from Obernai, which he saw in the farthest
undulations to the left, as far as Barr, half buried under the
avalanche of pines down the mountain-side. "I love thee, Alsace, and
I have come back to thee!" he cried. He gazed at the village of
Alsheim, at the house of red stone which rose a little below him,
and which was his; then at the other extremity of the pile of
houses, inhabited by the workmen and peasants, he marked a sort of
forest promontory which pushed out into the smooth plain. It was an
avenue ending in a great group of leafless trees, grey, between
which one could see the slopes of a roof. Jean let his eyes rest a
long time on this half-hidden dwelling, and said: "Good day,
Alsatian woman! Perhaps I am going to find that I love you. It would
be so good to live here with you!"

The bell rang for luncheon, rang out from the Oberlés' house, and
recalled him to himself. It had a thin, miserable sound, which gave
some idea of the immensity of free space in which the noise vanished
away, and the strength of the tide of the wind which carried it away
over the lands of Alsace.



Jean turned slowly towards this bell which was calling him. He was
full of joy at this moment. He was taking possession of a world
which, after some years, had just been opened to him and pointed out
as his place of habitation, of work, and of happiness. These words
played on his troubled mind deliciously. They pursued each other
like a troop of porpoises, those travellers on the surface, and
other words accompanied them. Family life, comfort, social
authority, embellishments, enlargements. The house took to itself a
name--"the paternal home." He looked at it with tenderness,
following the alley near the stream; he went up the steps with a
feeling of respect, remembering that they had been built by the
grandfather to whom the house still belonged, as also all the
grounds except the saw-mill and the timber yard.

After having gone across the entrance hall, which extended from the
front to the back of the house, he opened the last door on the left.
The dining-room was the only room which had been "done up" according
to the directions and the taste of M. Joseph Oberlé. Whilst one
found elsewhere--in the drawing-room, the billiard-room, and the
other rooms--the furniture bought by the grandfather, of yellow or
green Utrecht velvet and mahogany, "My Creation," according to the
expression of M. Joseph Oberlé, showed a complete absence of line.
Colour took the place of style. The walls were covered with
wainscoting of veined maple, blue-grey, purple in places, ash-grey,
and pink-grey, covering half the height of the room. Above this, and
reaching to the small beams, were four panels of stretched cloth,
decorated with designs of smooth felt representing irises,
hollyhocks, verbena, and gladioli. Everywhere, as far as possible,
the straight line had been modified. The door mouldings described
curves which rambled madly like stalks of tropical bindweed without
any apparent reason. The framework of the large window was curved.
The chairs of bent beechwood came from Vienna. The whole had no
character, but a charm of softened light, and a remote resemblance
to the vegetable kingdom. One would have taken it for the
dining-room of a newly married couple.

The four usual table companions Jean was going to meet there hardly
corresponded to this joyous picture, and there was no harmony
between them and the decorations of the room. They invariably sat in
the same places, round the square table, according to the
established order of deep affinities and antipathies.

The first to the left of the window, the nearest to the glass, which
shed on her the reflection of its levelled edges, was Madame Monica
Oberlé, tall and slender, with a face that had been rounded and
fresh, but was now pale, lined, and thin. She gave the impression of
a being accustomed only to hear around her the words "You are
wrong." Her short-sighted eyes, very gentle, glanced at the guests
who were introduced to her with a smile always ready to withdraw and
fade away. They only paused after they had looked about for a little
time, when nothing had repulsed or misunderstood them. Then they
revealed a clear intelligence, a very kind heart, become a little
shy and sad, but still capable of illusions and outbursts of youth.
No one could have had a more careless youth, nor one that seemed a
less fitting preparation for the part she had to play later. She was
then called Monica Biehler, of the ancient family Biehler of
Obernai. From the top of her father's house, whose fortified
gable-end rises on the ramparts of the little town, she saw the
immense plain all round her. The garden full of trimmed box and
pear-trees, and hawthorn, where she played, was only separated by an
iron railing from the public promenade built on the old wall, so
that the vision of Alsace was printed each day on this child's soul,
and at the same time love of her country, so happy then--love of its
beauty, its peace, and its liberty, of its villages, whose names she
knew, whose rosy bunches of grapes she could have pointed out among
the harvest fields. Monica Biehler knew nothing else. She only left
Obernai to go with all the family to spend two summer months in the
lodge at Heidenbruch, in the Forest of Sainte Odile. Only once did
she happen to cross the Vosges, the year before her wedding, to make
a pilgrimage to Domrémy in Lorraine. Those had been three days full
of enthusiasm. Madame Oberlé remembered those three days as the
purest joy of her life. She would say: "My journey in France." She
had remained simple; she had kept, in her very retired life at
Alsheim, the easy fears, but also the sincerity--the secret boldness
of her youthful affection for the country and for the country
people. She had therefore suffered more than another would have done
in her place, in seeing her husband draw near to the German party in
Alsace, and finally join it. She had suffered in her Alsatian pride,
and still more in her maternal love. For the same cause which
separated her morally from her husband, her children were taken from
her. The lines on her face, faded before its time, could each have
borne a name, that of the grief which had scored them there: the
line of despised goodness, the line of useless warnings, the line of
her insulted country, of separation from Jean and Lucienne, of the
uselessness of the treasure of love she had stored up for them
during her single and married life.

Her bitterness had been the greater because Madame Oberlé had no
illusions as to the true motives which guided her husband. And this
he had divined. He was humiliated by this witness whom he could not
deceive, and whom he could not help esteeming. She personified for
him the cause which he had abandoned. It was to her he spoke when he
felt the need of justifying himself, and he did so whenever he had
the chance. It was against her that his anger rose, against her mute
disapproval. Never once in twenty years had he been able to get her
to agree--not by one word--that Alsace was German. This timid woman
yielded to force but she did not approve of it. She followed her
husband into German society; there she bore herself with such
dignity that one could neither deceive oneself as to her attitude,
nor bear a grudge against her for it. There she safeguarded more
than appearances. A mother, separated from her children, she had
not separated herself from her husband. They still used the
twin-bedsteads in the same room. They had continual scenes,
sometimes on one side, sometimes acrimonious and violent on both
sides. Nevertheless Madame Oberlé understood that her husband only
hated her clear-sightedness and judgment. She hoped she would not
always be in the wrong. Now that the children were grown up she
believed that some very important decisions would have to be made
with regard to them, and that by her long patience and by her
numerous concessions she had perhaps gained the right to speak then
and be heard.

Near her, and at her right, the grandfather, M. Philippe Oberlé,
had always sat. For some years, five minutes before the time of the
meal the dining-room door would open, the old man would come in,
leaning on the arm of his valet, trying to walk straight, clothed in
an anomalous garment of dark wool, his red ribbon in his
button-hole, his head weary and bent, his eyelids nearly closed, his
face swollen and bloodless. They placed him in a large chair with
arms upholstered in grey; they tied his table napkin round his neck,
and he waited, his body leaning against the chair-back, his hands on
the table--hands pale as wax, in which the knotted blue veins were
distinctly visible. When the others arrived M. Joseph Oberlé shook
him by the hand; Lucienne threw him a kiss and a number of words
audibly spoken in her fresh young voice; Madame Oberlé bent down and
pressed her faithful lips on the old man's forehead. He thanked her
by watching her sit down. He did not look at the others. Then he
made the sign of the cross, she and he alone, being a son of that
old Alsace which still prayed. And served by this neighbour so
silently charitable, who knew all his tastes, his shame of a certain
clumsiness, and who forestalled his wishes, he began to eat, slowly,
with difficulty moving his relaxed muscles. His dreamy head remained
leaning against the chair. His head alone was watching in a body
nearly destroyed. It was the theatre where, for the pleasure and
pain of one alone, there passed before his mental vision the
forebears of those whose names were mentioned before him. He did not
speak, but he remembered. Sometimes he drew from his pocket a
schoolboy's slate and pencil, and he wrote, with an uncertain
writing, two or three words, which he made his neighbour read; some
rectification, some forgotten date, his approval or disapproval to
join in with the words just spoken on the other side of the table.
Generally they knew when he was interested by the movement of his
heavy eyelids. It was only for a moment. Life sank again to the
depth of the prison whose bars she had tried to shake. Night closed
in once more round those thoughts of his, unable to make themselves
intelligible. And in spite of being accustomed to it, the sight of
this suffering and of this ruin weighed on each of the members of
the assembled family. It was less painful to strangers who sat for
one evening at the Alsheim table, for the grandfather on those days
did not try to break the circle of darkness and death which
oppressed him. Until these last years M. Joseph Oberlé had always
continued to present his guests to his father, up to the day when he
wrote on his slate: "Do not present any one to me, above all, no
Germans. Let them acknowledge my presence: that will be enough." The
son had kept the habit--and it was a touching thought on the part of
this selfish man--to give every evening an account of the business
of the factory to the old chief. After dinner, smoking in the
dining-room, while the two women went into the drawing-room, he told
him all about the day's mail, the consignments, and the purchases of
wood. Although M. Philippe Oberlé was now only the sleeping partner
of the business he had founded, he was under the illusion that he
was advising and directing still. He heard talk of the maples, pines
and firs, oaks and beeches among which he had breathed for fifty
years. He thought much of the "conference," as he called it, as the
only moment in the day in which he appeared himself, to himself, and
as some one of importance in the lives of others. Except for that he
was only a shadow, a dumb soul present, who judged his house, but
rarely gave voice to his decision.

His son on some important question disagreed with him. Seated at
table just opposite his father, M. Joseph Oberlé could make a show
of addressing himself to his wife and daughter only; during the
whole of the meal he could avoid seeing the fingers which moved
impatiently or which wrote to Madame Oberlé, but he was not the man
to keep off painful subjects. Like all those who have had to make a
great decision in their lives, and who have not taken it without a
profound disturbance of their conscience, he was always reverting to
the German Question. Everything gave him a pretext to begin it,
praise or blame--various facts, political events announced in the
morning's newspaper, a visiting card brought by the postman, an
order for planks received from Hanover or Dresden, the wish
expressed by Lucienne to accept an invitation to some ball. He felt
the need of applauding himself for what he had done, like defeated
generals who want to explain the battle, and to demonstrate how the
force of circumstances had compelled them to act in such or such a
manner. All the resources of his fertile mind were brought to bear
on this case of conscience, on which he declared himself a long time
resolute, and which aroused no more discussion, either on the part
of the sick grandfather or on that of the depressed wife, who had
decided to keep silence.

Lucienne alone approved and supported her father.

She did it with the decision of youth, which judges without
consideration the grief of old people, the memories and all the
charm of the past, without understanding, and as if they were dead
things to be dealt with by reason only. She was only twenty, at once
very proud and very sincere; she had an artless confidence in
herself, an impetuous nature, and a reputation for beauty only
partly justified. Tall, like her mother, and, like her, well made,
she had her father's larger features more conformed to the usual
Alsatian type--with a tendency to thicken. All the lines of her body
were already formed and fully developed. To those who saw her for
the first time, Lucienne Oberlé gave the impression of being a
young woman rather than a young girl. Her face was extremely open
and mobile. When she listened, her eyes--not so large as, and of a
lighter green than, her brother's, her eyes and her mouth equally
sharp when she smiled--followed the conversation and told her
thoughts. She dreamed little. Another charm besides the vivacity of
her mind explained her social success: the incomparable brightness
of her complexion, of her red lips, the splendour of her fair hair,
with its shining tresses of blonde and auburn intermingled, so
abundant and so heavy that it broke tortoise-shell combs, escaped
from hairpins, and hung down behind in a heavy mass and obliged her
to raise her brow, which was enhaloed by the light from it, and gave
to Lucienne Oberlé the carriage of a proud young goddess.

Her Uncle Ulrich said to her, laughing: "When I kiss you, I think I
am kissing a peach growing in the open air." She walked well; she
played tennis well; she swam to perfection, and more than once the
papers of Baden-Baden had printed the initials of her name in
articles in which they spoke of "our best skaters."

This physical education had already alienated her from her mother,
who had never been more than a good walker, and was now only a fair
one. But other causes had been at work and had separated them more
deeply and more irrevocably from each other. Doubtless it was the
entirely German education of the Mündner school, more scientific,
more solemn, more pedantic, more varied, and much less pious than
that which her mother had received, who had been educated partly at
Obernai, and partly with the nuns of Notre-Dame, in the convent of
the rue des Mineurs in Strasburg. But above all it was owing to the
acquaintances she made, and her surroundings. Lucienne, ambitious
like her father, like him bent on success, entirely removed from
maternal influence, entrusted to German mistresses for seven years,
received in German families, living among pupils chiefly German,
flattered a little by everybody--here because of the charm of her
nature, there for political motives and unconscious proselytism,
Lucienne had formed habits of mind very different from those of old
Alsace. Once more at home, she no longer understood the past of her
people or her family. For her, those who stood up for the old state
of things or regretted it--her mother, her grandfather, her uncle
Ulrich--were the representatives of an epoch ended, of an
unreasonable and childish attitude of mind. At once she placed
herself on her father's side against the others. And she suffered
from it. It depressed her to be brought into such close contact with
persons of this sort, whom the Mündner school and all her worldly
acquaintances of Baden-Baden and Strasburg would look upon as behind
the times. For two years she had lived in an atmosphere of
contradiction. For her family she felt conflicting sentiments; for
her mother, for example, she felt a true tenderness and a great pity
because she belonged to a condemned society and to another century.
She had no confidants. Would her brother Jean be one? Restless at
his arrival, almost a stranger to him, desiring affection, worn out
with family quarrels, and hoping that Jean would place himself on
the side she had chosen, that he would be a support and a new
argument, she at once desired and feared this meeting. Her father
came to tell her of the conversation he had had with Jean. She had
said--cried out rather--"Thank you for giving me my brother!"

They were all four at table when the young man entered the
dining-room. The two women who were facing each other and in the
light of the window, turned their heads, one sweetly with a smile
that said, "How proud I am of my child!"; the other leaning back on
her chair, her lips half open, her eyes as tender as if he had been
her betrothed who entered, desirous to please and sure of pleasing
him, saying aloud: "Come and sit here near me, at the end of the
table. I have made myself fine in your honour! Look!" and kissing
him, she said in a low tone, "Oh, how good it is to have some one
young to say good morning to!" She knew she was pleasant to look
upon in her bodice of mauve surah silk trimmed with lace insertion.
It also gave her real pleasure to meet this brother whom she had
only seen for a moment last night, before catching the train to
Strasburg. Jean thanked her with a friendly glance and seated
himself at the end of the table between Lucienne and his mother. He
unfolded his table napkin, and the servant Victor, son of an
Alsatian farmer, with his full-moon face and eyes like a little
girl's, always afraid of doing something wrong, approached him,
carrying a dish of _hors-d'oeuvre_, when M. Joseph Oberlé, who had
just finished writing a note in his pocket-book, stroked his
whiskers and said:

"You see Jean Oberlé here present, you my father, you Monica, and
you Lucienne. Well, I have a piece of news to give you concerning
him. I have agreed that he shall live definitely at Alsheim and
become a manufacturer and a wood merchant."

Three faces coloured at once; even Victor, shaking like a leaf,
withdrew his _hors-d'oeuvre_ dish.

"Is it possible?" said Lucienne, who did not wish to let her mother
see that she had already been told of the arrangement. "Will he not
finish his referendary course?"


"After his year's service he will come back here for always?"

"Yes; to stay with us always."

The second moment of emotion is sometimes more unnerving than the
first. Lucienne's eyelids fluttered quickly and became moist. She
laughed at the same time, tender words trembling on her red lips.

"Oh," said she, "so much the better. I don't know if it is in your
own interest, Jean, but for us, so much the better."

She was really pretty at that moment, leaning towards her brother,
vibrating with a joy which was not feigned.

"I thank you," said Madame Oberlé, looking gravely at her husband to
try to guess what reason he had obeyed; "I thank you, Joseph; I
should not have dared to ask it of you."

"But you see, my dear," answered the manufacturer, bending towards
her, "you see, when proposals are reasonable I accept them. Besides,
I am so little accustomed to be thanked that for once the word
pleases me. Yes; we have just had a decisive conversation. Jean will
accompany my buyer to-morrow and visit some of our cuttings in work.
I never lose time--you know that."

Madame Oberlé saw the awkward hand of the grandfather stretch
towards her. She took the slate which he held and read this line:

"That is the final joy of my life!"

There was no sign of happiness on this face, expressionless as a
mask, none, if not perhaps the fixedness with which M. Philippe
Oberlé looked at his son, who had given back a child to Alsace and a
successor to the family. He was astonished, and he rejoiced. He
forgot to eat, and all at the table were like him. The servant also
forgot to serve; he was thinking of the importance he would have in
announcing in the kitchen and in the village: "M. Jean has decided
to take the factory! He will never leave the country again!" For
some minutes in the dining-room of grey maple each of the four
persons who met there every day had a different dream and passed a
secret judgment; each had a vision, which was not divulged, of
possible or probable consequences which the event would have
relative to him or herself; each felt disturbed at the thought that
to-morrow might be quite different from what had been imagined.
Something was falling to pieces--habits, plans, a rule accepted or
submitted to for years. It was like a disorder, or a defeat mixed
with joy at the news.

The youngest of all was the first to regain her freedom of mind.
Lucienne said:

"Are we not going to have lunch because Jean lunches with us? My
dear, we are just like what we were before you came, not every day,
but sometimes--mute beings who think only for themselves. That is
quite contrary to the charms of meeting again. We are not going to
begin again. Tell me?"

She began to laugh, as if from henceforward misunderstandings had
disappeared. She joked wittily about silent meals, about the parties
at Alsheim that finished at nine o'clock, the rare visits, and the
importance of an invitation received from Strasburg. And everybody
tacitly encouraged her to speak ill of the past, abolished by the
resolution of this man, thoroughly happy, master of himself, who was
watching and studying his sister with astonished admiration.

"Now," she said, "all is going to change. From now to October we
shall be five instead of four under the roof of Alsheim. Then you
will do your service; but that only lasts a year--and besides, you
will have leave?"

"Every Sunday."

"You will sleep here?" asked Madame Oberlé.

"I should think so--on Saturday nights."

"And a nice uniform. Do you know," continued Lucienne, "that Attila
tunic, cornflower colour, braided with yellow, black boots; but
above all I like the full dress sealskin busby, with its plume of
black-and-white horsehair--and the white frogs. It is one of the
handsomest uniforms in our army."

"Yes, one of the handsomest in the German army," Madame Oberlé
hastened to correct, wishing to make amends for the unlucky words of
her daughter, for the grandfather had made a gesture with his hand
as if to rub out something from the cloth.

M. Joseph Oberlé added, laughing:

"And equally one of the dearest. I am giving you a nice present,
Jean, in leaving you to choose the Rhenish Hussars, No. 9, as your
regiment. I shall not get off for less than eight thousand marks."

"Do you think so? As expensive as that?"

"I am sure of it. Only yesterday, at the Councillor Von Boscher's,
before two officers, I mentioned the amount which I thought exact,
and no one contradicted me. Officially, the one year's service man
in the infantry should spend two thousand two hundred marks; in
reality he spends four thousand. In the artillery he should spend
two thousand seven hundred, and spends five thousand; in the cavalry
the difference is still more; and when people maintain that you can
finish the business with three thousand six hundred marks they are
making fun of you. You must reckon seven or eight thousand marks.
That is what I contend, and what I uphold."

"The regiment is admirably made up, father," interrupted Lucienne.

"A good deal of fortune in fact...."

"A good deal of nobility also, mixed with the sons of the rich
manufacturers on the banks of the Rhine."

A quick smile of intelligence passed between Lucienne and her
father. Jean was the only one who noticed it. Scarcely had the young
girl had time to straighten her lips when she said:

"The volunteer places in the regiment are taken up so quickly that
it is necessary to apply early in order to get one."

"I spoke to your colonel three months ago," said M. Oberlé. "You
will be recommended to several of the chiefs."

Lucienne chimed in giddily:

"You will be able to bring some here; it would be amusing!"

Jean did not answer. Madame Oberlé blushed, as she often did when a
word too much had been said before her. Lucienne was laughing again,
when the grandfather stopped eating, and painfully, by jerks, each
of which must have been painful, turned his sad, white head towards
his grand-daughter. The eyes of the old Alsatian must have spoken a
language very easy to translate, for the young girl ceased laughing,
made a gesture of impatience as if she said, "Oh! I did not remember
that you were here," and bent towards her father to offer him some
Wolxheim wine, but really to escape the reproach she felt weighing
on her.

The three others, M. Joseph Oberlé, Jean, and his mother, as if they
were agreed not to prolong the incident, began to talk of the
service, men at the St. Nicolas barracks, but hurriedly, multiplying
their words and their signs of interest with useless gestures.

No one dared raise his head in the direction of the grandfather. M.
Philippe Oberlé continued to stare with his look as implacable as
remorse, at his grand-daughter, guilty of a giddy and regrettable
speech. The meal was shortened owing to the general awkwardness,
which had become almost unbearable, when M. Philippe Oberlé, begged
by his daughter-in-law to forget what Lucienne had said, had
answered "No," and refused to eat further.

Ten minutes later, Lucienne went into the alleys of the park, to
rejoin her brother, who had gone out before and was lighting a
cigar. Hearing her approach behind him, he turned round. She was no
longer laughing. She had put on no hat, in spite of the wind, which
disarranged her hair; but having thrown a shawl of white wool round
her shoulders, no longer trying to charm but become all at once
passionate and domineering, she ran up to him.

"You saw it? It is intolerable!"

Jean lit his cigar, clasping his hands to protect the lighted match,
then throwing away the glowing vesta.

"Without doubt, but one must learn to put up with it, little one."

"There is no little one," she interrupted quickly, "there is a
grown-up one, on the contrary, who wants to have a clear explanation
with you. We have been separated for a long time, my dear, we must
learn to know each other, for I hardly know you and you do not know
me. I am going to help you--don't be afraid--I came for that."

He had a look of admiration for this fine creature violently moved,
who had deliberately come to him; then, without losing his calmness,
feeling that his part and his man's honour commanded him to be judge
and not to get excited in his turn, he began to walk along by the
side of Lucienne, in the alley which ran between a clump of trees on
one side and the lawn on the other.

"You can speak to me, Lucienne--you may be sure...."

"Of your discretion? I thank you. I do not want any this morning. I
came simply to explain to you my way of thinking on a certain point,
and I am not going to make any mystery about it. I repeat that it is
intolerable. You may say nothing here about Germany or the Germans,
if it is not something bad. As soon as one has a word of praise or
only of justice for them mamma bites her lips, and grandfather makes
a disgraceful scene and shames me in front of the servants, as
happened just now. Is it a crime to say to a volunteer: 'You will
bring us some officers to Alsheim'? Can we prevent you serving your
turn in a German regiment, in a German town, commanded by officers
who, in spite of being Germans, are not the less men of the world?"

She walked nervously, and with her right hand twisted a gold chain
which she wore on her mauve bodice.

"If you knew, Jean, what I have suffered by this want of liberty in
the house, to find our parents so different from what they have had
us trained to be. For I ask, why did they give it to me?"

The young man took the cigar he was smoking from his lips:

"Our education, Lucienne? It was only our father who wished it."

"He alone is intelligent."

"Oh, how can you speak like that of your mother?"

"Understand clearly," she answered, embarrassed. "I am not of those
who hide one half of their thoughts and who make the others
unrecognisable because of the flowery language they are wrapped up
in. I love mamma very much more than you think, but I judge her
also. She is possessed of intelligence as regards household affairs;
she is refined; she has some little taste for literature, but she
cannot deal intelligently with general questions. She does not see
farther than Alsheim. My father has understood far better the
position which is given us in Alsace; he has been enlightened by his
intercourse, which is very wide and of all kinds, by his commercial
interest and by his ambition...."

And as Jean made a questioning movement: "What ambition do you

Lucienne continued: "I surprise you; yes, for a young girl, as you
said, I seem audacious and even irreverent. Is it not true?"

"A little."

"My dear Jean, I am only anticipating your own judgment--only
hindering you from losing time in comparative psychological studies.
You have just come home, I left school two years and a half ago. I
am letting you benefit by my experience. Well, there is no doubt
about it: our father is ambitious. He has all that is necessary for
success. A will of iron for his inferiors, much flexibility
_vis-à-vis_ others, wealth, a quickness of mind which makes him the
superior of all the manufacturers or German officials we meet here.
I prophesy you that now that he is in favour with the Stadthalter
you will not be long in seeing him a candidate for the Reichstag."

"That is impossible, Lucienne."

"Perhaps; but it will come to pass, nevertheless; I am sure of it. I
do not say that he will stand for Obernai, but for some place in
Alsace, and he will be elected, because he will be supported by the
Government and he will settle the price.... Perhaps you did not give
this a place in your calculations when you decided to return to
Alsheim? I know I upset your ideas. You will have many such
disturbances. What you must know, my dear Jean"--she laid stress on
the word "dear"--"is that the home of the family is not an amusing
one. We are irremediably divided."

Jean and Lucienne were silent for a moment, because the lodge was
quite near; then they turned towards the lawn and took the second
alley, which led to the house.

"Irremediably? You believe this?"

"It would be childish to doubt it. My father will not change and
will not become French again, because that would be to give up his
future for ever, and many commercial advantages. Mamma will not
change, because she is a woman, and because to become a German
would be to give up a sentiment which she thinks very noble. You
surely do not aim at converting grandfather? Well then?"

She stopped and faced Jean.

"Well, my dear, as you cannot bring peace into the family by
gentleness, bring it by being strong. Do not imagine you can remain
neutral. Even if you would, circumstances will not permit it. I am
sure of that. Join with me and father, even if you do not think as
we do in everything.

"I have sought you out to implore you to be on our side. When mamma
understands that her two children think her wrong she will defend
her childhood's memories less energetically; she will advise
grandfather to abstain from demonstrations like those of to-day, and
our meals will be less like combats at close quarters. We shall
command the situation. It is all that we can hope for. Will you?
Papa told me, quickly this morning, that your tenderness for the
Germans was not a lively one. But you do not hate them?"


"I only ask for tolerance and a certain amount of consideration for
them--that is to say, for us who see them. You have lived ten years
in Germany; you will continue to do here what you did there. You
will not leave the drawing-room when one of them comes to see us?"

"Of course not. But you see, Lucienne, even if I act differently
from mamma, because my education has made me put up with what is
odious to her, I cannot blame her. I can find the most touching
reasons why she should be what she is."



"I find them unreasonable."

Jean's green eyes and Lucienne's lighter ones questioned one another
for a moment. The two young people, both grave, with an expression
of astonishment and defiance, measured each other and thought: "Is
it she I saw just now so smiling and so tender?" "Is it really he
who resists me, a brother brought up like me, and who ought to yield
to me, if it were only because I am young and he is glad to see me
again?" She was displeased. This first meeting had placed in
opposition the paternal violence which Lucienne had inherited and
the inflexible will which the mother had transmitted to her son. It
was Lucienne who broke the silence. She turned to continue the walk,
and shaking her head:

"I see," she said. "You imagine that you will have a confidante in
mamma, a friend to whom you can open your heart fully? She is worthy
of all respect, my dear. But there again you are mistaken. I have
tried. She is, or thinks she is, too miserable. All you tell her
will immediately serve her as an argument in her own quarrel. If you
wished, for example, to marry a German----"

"No, no; but no."

"I am only supposing. Mamma would go at once to find my father, and
would say to him: 'Look at this! It is horrible! It is your fault!
Yours!' And if you wished to marry an Alsatian our mother would at
once take advantage of it and say: 'He is on my side, against you,
against you.' No, my dear, the real, true confidante at Alsheim is

She took Jean's hand, and without ceasing to walk she looked up at
him, her face beaming with life and youthfulness.

"Believe me, let us be frank with each other. You do not know me
well. You have travelled so much. I astonish you. You will see that
I have great faults. I am proud and selfish, hardly capable of
making sacrifices; something of a flirt, but I have no roundabout
ways. Lately, when I was looking forward to your arrival, I
promised myself a lasting joy, the joy of having your youth near
mine to understand it. I will tell you all that is important in my
life, all that I am resolved to do--I have no one here whom I can
trust absolutely. You cannot know what I have suffered. Will you?"

"Oh yes."

"You will tell me your thoughts, but above all I shall have spoken
to you. I shall not suffocate, as I have often done in this house. I
shall have many things to tell you. It will be some way of regaining
the intimacy we have almost lost, and will give us a little tardy
fraternal companionship. What are you thinking about?"

"About this poor house."

Lucienne lifted her eyes above the slate roof which rose in front.
She wished to say, "If you knew how sad it really is," then she
embraced her brother, and said:

"I am not so bad as you think me, brother, nor so ungrateful to
mamma. I am going to find her to talk about your return. She
certainly wants to speak of her happiness to some one."

Lucienne left her brother, turning again to smile at him, and
walking as a goddess might, with steps free and finely poised, with
her hand replacing the pins which held up her hair so badly,
disarranged as it was by the walk and blown about by the wind, she
took the fifty steps which separated her from the staircase, and



When Lucienne left Jean he had turned round the house, crossed a
semicircular court formed by stables and coach-houses, then a large
kitchen-garden surrounded by walls, and opening a private door at
the end on the right he found himself in the country, behind the
village of Alsheim. His first joy at his return had already lessened
and faded. He heard again sentences which had sunk into the depths
of his soul; their very accent came back to him with the appearance
and the gesture of the one who had uttered them.

He thought of the "sad house" there quite close to the wall which
enclosed the grounds, and it pained him to remember what an entirely
different idea he had formed years ago of the welcome which awaited
him at Alsheim, and the almost religious emotion he had felt far
away, in the towns and on the roads of Europe and the East, when he
thought, "My mother, my father, my sister! My first day at home
after my father has said yes!" The first day had begun. It had not
been, up to the present, worthy of this old-time dream.

Even the weather was bad. Before him the plain of Alsace, smooth,
scarcely marked with some lines of trees, stretched out to the foot
of the Vosges, covered with forests which made their height appear
less than it was. The north wind, blowing from the sea, filling all
the valley with its continuous wailing, chased the dark clouds from
the sky, broken and heaped together like furrows in fields, clouds
full of rain and hail, which would dissolve in compact masses to
fall in the south, on the side of the Alps. It was cold.

Meanwhile Jean Oberlé, having looked to the left, from the side
where the land declined a little, perceived the avenue ending in a
little wood, which he had seen in the morning, and he felt again
that his youth called to _her_. He made sure no one was watching him
from the windows of his home, and he took the path which turned
round the village.

It was really only a track traced by people going to, and coming
from work. It followed very nearly the zigzag line made by the
sheds, the pig-styes, the stables, the barns, the low boundaries
commanded by the manure-heaps, fowl-houses, all the back buildings
of the dwellings of Alsheim, which had on the other side, on the
road, their principal façade, or at least a white wall, a cart-door,
and a great mulberry-tree overflowing the edge of it. The young man
walked quietly on the beaten track. He passed the church which,
almost in the centre of Alsheim, raised its square tower, surmounted
by a slate roof in the form of a steeple, with a metal point, and
came to the centre of a group of four enormous walnut-trees, serving
as landmarks, as ornament and shelter to the last farm in the
village. There began the property of M. Xavier Bastian, the mayor of
Alsheim, the old friend of M. Joseph Oberlé, a man of influence,
rich and patriotic, and to whose house Jean was going. The sound of
flails could be heard in the neighbouring yard. It must be the fine,
big sons of the Ramspacher, the Bastians' tenants. One had served
his time in the German army, the other was going to join his
regiment in the month of November. They were threshing under the
barn in the old style. Every autumn, every winter, when the miller's
store of corn diminished, and when the weather was bad outside, they
spread out some sheaves in the shelter, and their flails struck
blithely and galloped like colts let loose in high grass. Nothing
had stopped the tradition.

"Isn't my Alsheim old?" said Jean to himself. Although he was very
anxious not to be recognised, he approached the latticed door which
opened on to the fields on this side, and if he did not see the
workers, hidden by an unharnessed cart, he saw again with a friendly
smile the yard of the old farm, a kind of road bordered with
buildings which were only apparently framework with a little earth
between the wooden beams, a demonstration of the everlasting
strength of the chestnut which had furnished the jambs, the raising
pieces, the wooden balconies, and the framework of the windows. No
one heard him, no one saw him. He went on his way and his heart
began to beat violently. For immediately after the farm of the
Ramspachers, the path fell, at right angles, to an avenue of
cherry-trees leading from the village to the house of M. Bastian. It
was not probable that in this bad weather the Mayor would be far
from home. In a few moments Jean would speak with him; he would meet
Odile; he would find some means of knowing if she were betrothed.

Odile. All Jean's early childhood was full of that name. The
daughter of M. Bastian had formerly been the playfellow of Lucienne
and of Jean when the evolution of M. Oberlé had not been affirmed
and known in the country-side; a little later she had become the
charming vision which Jean saw again at the Munich Gymnasium when he
thought of Alsheim; the young, growing girl, whom one saw in the
holidays, on Sundays in church, whom one saluted without
approaching when Monsieur or Madame Oberlé were present, but also
the passer-by of the grape harvest and of the woods, and the walker
who had a smile for Lucienne or for Jean met at the turn of a road.
What secret enchantment did this girl of Alsheim possess, brought up
entirely in the country, except for two or three years passed with
the nuns of Notre-Dame in Strasburg, not worldly--less brilliant
than Lucienne, more silent and more grave? The same, no doubt, as
the country where she was born. Jean had left her, as he had left
Alsace, without being able to forget her. He had forbidden himself
to see her during his last short stay in Alsheim, in order to prove
himself and to find out if truly the memory of Odile would resist a
long separation, studies, and travels. He had thought: "If she
marries in the interval, it will be a proof that she has never
thought of me, and I shall not weep for her." She had not married.
Nothing showed that she was engaged. And certainly Jean was going to
see her again.

He preferred not to go down the wild cherry avenue, celebrated for
its beauty, which guarded the Bastians' property. The people of the
little town, the few workers in the neighbouring country, although
they were few, would have recognised the manufacturer's son going to
the Mayor of Alsheim's. He followed the trimmed blackthorn hedge,
which bounded the alley, walking on the red earth or on the narrow
border of grass left by the plough at the edge of the ditch. Behind
him the noise of the flails in the barn followed him, fading in the
distance and scattered by the wind. Jean asked himself: "How shall I
approach M. Bastian? How will he receive me? Bah! I arrive; I am
supposed to be ignorant of much!"

Two hundred yards to the south of the farm the avenue of wild
cherries ended, and the grove, which one saw from so far off,
bordered the sown fields. The wood was composed of fine old trees,
oaks, planes, and elms, at this time bare of leaves--under which
evergreen trees had grown up: pines, spindletrees, and laurels. Jean
continued to follow the hedge as it curved across a field of lucerne
to a rustic gate, with worn paint and half rotten, which rose
between two jambs. A piece of sandstone thrown across the ditch
served as a bridge. The laurel-trees growing out over the fence of
blackthorn on each side of the upright posts, closed in the view at
two yards. When Jean came near, a blackbird flew off, uttering a
warning note. Jean remembered that to enter one had only to pass
one's hand through the hedge and to lift an iron hook. So he opened
the door, and, a little uneasy at his audacity, grazed from his coat
to his gaiters by the overgrown branches of an alley far too narrow
and hardly ever entered, he came out on to a sanded space, passed
several clumps of shrubs edged with box, and arrived at the house on
the far side from Alsheim. Here there were plane-trees more than a
hundred years old, planted in a semi-circle, which sheltered a tiny
lawn and spread their branches over the tiles of an old, low, squat
house, from which two balconies projected, topped with overhanging
roofs. Store-rooms, presses, barns, and a bee-hive formed the
continuation of the master's house, where abundance, good nature,
and the simplicity of the old Alsatian homely spirit were in
evidence. Jean, kept back for a moment by the irresistible
attraction of these places, once so familiar to him, looked at the
plane-trees, the roof, a window with a balcony on which ivy grew. He
was going to take the few steps which separated him from the
half-open door, when on the threshold a tall man appeared, and
recognising the visitor made a sign of surprise. It was M. Xavier
Bastian. No man of sixty years of age in the division of Erstein was
more robust or of a more youthful turn of mind. He had wide
shoulders, a massive head, as wide below as above, quite white hair,
divided in short locks overlapping each other, his cheeks and the
upper lip shaven, the nose large, the eyes fine and grey, the mouth
thickset, and on his countenance the sort of prepossessing pride of
those who have never known fear of anything. He wore the long
frock-coat to which many notable Alsatians remained faithful, even
in the villages such as Alsheim, where the inhabitants have no
special costume or any memory of having had any.

Seeing Jean Oberlé, whom he had often dandled on his knees, he made
a movement of surprise.

"Is it you, my boy?" he said, in the dialect of Alsace, which he
mostly used, and with which he was more familiar than with French.
"What has happened to bring you here?"

"Nothing, M. Bastian, if not that I have just come home."

He held out his hand to the old Alsatian, who took it, pressed it,
and suddenly lost that gaiety which had been in his welcome, for he
thought: "It is now ten years since your father last came here, ten
years that your family and mine have been enemies." But he only
said, in answer to himself, and as if doing away with an objection:

"Come in all the same, Jean; there is no harm for once."

But the gladness of the first meeting was gone, and did not return.

"How did you know that I was on your land?" asked Jean, who did not
understand. "Did you hear me?"

"No; I heard the blackbird. I thought it was my servant, whom I have
sent to Obernai to get the lamps of my victoria mended. Come into
the hall."

He thought, with a feeling of regret and reprobation: "As your
father used to come in when he was worthy."

In the corridor to the left he opened a door, and both went into the
"big room," which was at the same time the dining-room and the
reception-room of this rich citizen, heir of lands and of the
traditions of a long series of ancestors, who had only left the
house at Alsheim for the cemetery. Nearly all the picturesque
furniture which one still meets with in the old houses of rural
Alsace had disappeared from the dwelling of M. Bastian. No more
carved cupboards; no more chairs of solid wood, with the backs cut
in the shape of hearts; no clock in its painted case; no more little
weights at the windows. The few chairs in the big, square, light
hall, the table, the cupboard, and the big chest, on the top of
which was the cast of a Pietà not known to fame, were all of
polished walnut. The only thing that was old was the historical
stove of faience, bearing the signature of Master Hugelin of
Strasburg, and of which M. Bastian was as proud as if it had been a
treasure. About two-thirds down the room, between the stove and the
table, a woman of about fifty was sitting, dressed in black, rather
stout, having regular, thick features, bands of grey hair, the
forehead almost without lines, fine long eyebrows, and eyes as dark
as if she had come from the south, calm and dignified, which she
lifted first to Jean and then to her husband as if to ask, "How does
he come here?"

She was sewing the hem of an unbleached linen sheet, which fell
about her in big folds. Seeing Jean enter, she dropped it. She
remained dumb with surprise, not understanding how her husband could
bring to her the son, educated in Germany, of a renegade father,
traitor to Alsace. During the war she had had three brothers killed
in the service of France.

"I met him coming to see me," M. Bastian said, as if to excuse
himself, "and I begged him to enter, Marie."

"Good day, madame," said the young man, who was hurt by the
astonishment and coolness of Madame Bastian's first glance, and who
had stopped in the middle of the hall. "Old memories brought me

"Good day, Jean."

The words died away before reaching the walls, papered with old
peonies. One could hardly hear them. The silence which followed was
so cruel that Jean grew pale, and M. Bastian, who had shut the door,
and who, a little behind Jean, was scolding gently, with a shake of
the head, those beautiful, severe eyes of the Alsatian woman, which
did not lower themselves, intervened, saying:

"I have not told you, Marie, that I saw our friend Ulrich this
morning in our vineyards of Sainte Odile. He spoke to me of this
boy's return to Alsheim. He assured me that we ought to congratulate
ourselves that we are going to see his nephew settle in the country.
He told me that he was one of ours."

The silent lips of the Alsatian wore a vague smile of incredulity,
which died as the words died. And Madame Bastian again began to sew.

Jean turned round, pale, as yet more miserable than irritated, and
said in a low voice to M. Bastian:

"I knew that our two families were divided, but not to such an
extent as they evidently are. I left Alsheim some time ago. You will
excuse me for having come."

"Stay, stay! I will explain to you. Believe me that we have nothing
against you, no animosity whatever, neither one nor the other."

The old man placed his hand on Jean's arm in a friendly manner:

"I do not want you to go like that. No; since you are here I will
not let you say that I have sent you away without doing the
honours. The thought would weigh heavy on me. I will not!"

"No, M. Bastian, I ought not to be here. I am in the way; I cannot
stay one instant."

He moved to go away. The solid hand of the old Mayor of Alsheim
fastened round the wrist he held. His voice rose and became harsh.

"Presently. But do not at least refuse the civility I am accustomed
to show to all who come here. It is the custom of the country and of
the house. Drink with me, Jean Oberlé, or I shall repudiate you, and
we shall not even recognise each other."

Jean remembered that no house in the country round Barr or Obernai,
not even the oldest and richest, possessed better recipes for making
beam-tree-berry brandy or cherry brandy, or elderberry wine, or wine
made with dried grapes, or spring drinks. He saw that the old Mayor
of Alsheim would be deeply hurt by a refusal, and that the offer was
a means of showing his cordiality without disavowing in words, or in
thought, the mother, queen, and mistress of the big house, who
continued to ignore the guest, because the guest was the son of
Joseph Oberlé.

"So be it," he said.

Then M. Bastian called, "Odile!"

The hands that held the linen, near the stove, rested on the folds
of her black dress, and for half a minute there were three human
beings, each with very different thoughts, who awaited her who was
going to enter at the end of the room, on the right, near the great
walnut cupboard. She came out of the shadow of a neighbouring room
and advanced into the light, while Jean controlled his feelings and
was saying to himself, "I did well to remember her!"

"Give me the oldest brandy that we have," said the father.

Odile Bastian had at first smiled at her father, whom she saw near
the door, then she had, with a movement of her brown eyebrows, shown
her astonishment, without displeasure, when she recognised Jean
Oberlé near him; then the smile had disappeared when she saw her
mother, bending over her work-table, dumb and holding herself aloof
from what was going on around her. Then her bosom heaved, the words
she was going to say were arrested before reaching her lips; and
Odile Bastian, too intelligent not to guess the affront, too much a
woman to emphasise the secret trouble, had simply and silently
obeyed. She had sought a key in the drawer of a chest, had gone to
the big cupboard, and raising herself on the tips of her toes, one
hand leaning on one of the doors at the top of the piece of
furniture, her head thrown back, she ransacked the depths of the

She was just the same girl, but more developed, who had lived in
Jean's memory for years, and who had followed him over the world.
Her features were not regular. But in spite of that she was
beautiful, with a strong, glowing beauty. She seemed like the
statues of Alsace, which one sees on monuments and in French
souvenir pictures, like those daughters of rich and warlike blood,
wrathful and daring, while near them a more feminine Lorraine weeps
sadly. She was tall; there were no hollows in her full cheeks,
curving to a chin as firm and pink. It is true she did not wear the
wide bows of black ribbon which make two wings on the head, but that
only accentuated the unusual, the exceptional beauty of her hair,
which was of the colour of ripe corn, of a perfectly dull, even
tint, bound in bands round her temples and there twisted and raised
on her head. Her eyebrows were of the same colour, long and finely
marked, and the lashes, and even the eyes, slightly apart, where
dwelt a soul at rest, were deep and passionate. In a moment M.
Bastian had on a stand two glasses of cut crystal and a big-bellied
black bottle. He took the bottle in one hand and with the other he
drew out, without shaking it, a cork which swelled out as it left
the neck, being damp as sapwood in spring time. At the same time a
smell of ripe fruit was diffused under the beams of the room.

"It is fifty years old," said he, pouring a little of the liqueur
into each of the glasses.

He added seriously, "I drink to your health, Jean Oberlé, and to
your return to Alsheim!"

But Jean, without answering directly, and with every one silent, and
looking at Odile, who had withdrawn to the cupboard, and who,
standing erect against it, was also looking at and studying her old
playfellow returned to his native country, said:

"I drink to the land of Alsace!"

By the tone of the words, by the gesture of the hand raising the
little sparkling glass, by the look fixed on the end of the room,
some one understood that the land of Alsace was here personified and
present. The tall, beautiful daughter of the Bastians remained
motionless, leaning against the cupboard, which framed her in its
yellowish shadow. But her eyes had the brightness that wheat has
when it waves at a breath of wind in the sunshine, and without
turning her head, without ceasing to look straight in front of her,
her eyelids slowly lowered and shut, saying thank you!

And that was all.

Madame Bastian had not even looked up. Odile had said not a
word--Jean bowed and went out.

The old Mayor of Alsheim rejoined him outside.

"I will go with you to the other end of my garden," he said, "for it
is better for us--for you--and for your father, that you should not
be seen coming down the avenue. You will seem to be coming from the

"What a strange country this has become!" said the young man in an
angry tone. "Because you do not hold the same opinions as my father
you cannot receive me, and when I leave you I must do so secretly,
and after having had to submit to the insult of a silence which was
hard to bear. I can tell you that!"

He spoke loudly enough to be heard from the house, from which he was
only a few steps away. The usual paleness of his complexion was more
noticeable, and emotion contracted the muscles of his neck and jaws,
and all his face had a tragic expression.

M. Bastian led him on.

"I have another reason for taking you that way," he said, "it will
be longer, and I have things to explain to you."

They took a path that was not gravelled, which went by the
plane-trees, passed a kitchen garden and then crossed a little wood.

"You do not understand, dear boy," said M. Bastian, in a voice which
was firm without being harsh, "because you have not yet really lived
among us. It has not changed; what you see dates back for thirty

Through an opening in the trees they saw a little bit of the plain,
with the belfry of Barr in the distance, and the blue Vosges
mountains above and beyond.

"Formerly," continued M. Bastian, pointing vaguely to the country,
"our Alsace was just one family. Big and little knew each other and
lived happily together. You know that even now I make no difference
between rich and poor, between a citizen of Strasburg and a
wood-cutter from the mountain. But what is done is done--we have
been torn away, against our will, from France, and treated brutally
because we did not say 'Yes.' We cannot revolt--we cannot drive
away our masters, who know nothing about our hearts or our lives.
But we do not admit them to our friendship, neither them nor those
amongst us who have taken the side of the stronger."

He stopped speaking for a moment, not wishing to say all that he
thought on this subject, and went on, taking Jean's hand.

"You are very angry with my wife because of her reception of you;
but you are not the cause of it, neither is she. Until the doubt
which rests on you is lifted, you are he who was educated in
Germany, and the woman you have just seen is this country.
Reflect--you must not bear a grudge against her. We have not all
been faithful to Alsace, we men; and the best of us have compromised
and have more or less recognised the new master. Not so the
women--Ah! Jean Oberlé, I have not the courage to disclaim them even
when you whom I love so well are the subject. Our Alsatian women are
not insulting you in any ordinary way when they do not receive you;
they are defending their country, they are carrying on the war." The
old man had tears in his red and wrinkled eyes.

"You will know me later," said Jean.

They were at the end of the little park before a wooden door as
mouldy as the other. M. Bastian opened it, shook the young man's
hand and stayed a long time at the end of the wood watching Jean go
away and get smaller on the plain, his head bent against the wind,
which was still blowing, and more violently.

Jean was troubled to the depth of his soul.

Between him and each family in this old country he felt he was going
to find his father. He was suffering from having been born in the
house towards which he was going. He saw the image of Odile as the
only sweet thing of this first day, and her eyes were slowly, slowly



The winter did not allow M. Oberlé's ideas about the professional
education of Jean to be carried out exactly. The snow which remained
on the summits of the Vosges, without being thick, made travelling
very difficult. So Jean paid only two or three visits to the
wood-cutting centres situated near Alsheim and in the Vosges
valleys. The excursions to more distant places were put off for a
warmer season. But he learned to cube a pine or a beech without
making a mistake, to value it according to the place it occupied in
the forest, according to the height of the trunk below the branches,
the appearance of the bark, which indicated the health of the tree,
and by other calculations into which a kind of divining quality
enters, which cannot be taught anywhere, and which makes the expert.
His father initiated him into the working of the factory and the
management of the machines, the reading of agreements, and the
traditions of fifty years kept up by the Oberlés regarding sale and
carriage contracts. He put him into relationship with two officials
of the administration of the forests of Strasburg, who showed
themselves very ready to be of service, and proposed to Jean to
explain to him personally the new forest legislation, of which he
still knew but little. "Come," said the younger, "come to see me at
my office, and I will tell you more things you will find it useful
to know than you will learn in books. For the law is the law, but
the administration is another thing."

Jean promised to profit when occasions offered themselves. But
several weeks went by without his having the time to go to the town.
Then March came in mildly and melted the snows. In a week, and much
earlier than usual, the brooks swelled to overflowing, and the high
peaks of the Vosges and Sainte Odile which one could see from
Alsheim, which had had their slopes and paths white with snow,
appeared in their summer robes of dark and pale green.

The walks round Alsheim were going to be exquisite and such as the
young man had pictured to himself in his youthful memories. The
home, without being a model of family unity, had witnessed no
repetition of the painful scene which occurred the day after Jean's
return. In each camp words were noted and deeds observed, which
would one day become arguments and subjects of reproach and
discussion, but just now there was a sort of truce brought about by
different causes.

In M. Joseph Oberlé it was the desire not to be wrong in his son's
eyes; for his son was going to be useful, and he did not wish to be
accused of provocation. In Lucienne it was the diversion which the
presence of her brother had brought into her life, and the interest,
not yet exhausted, that she took in his tales of travel and student
life. In Madame Oberlé it was fear of making her son suffer, and of
alienating him by letting him see the family feuds. Nothing had
really changed. There was only a superficial gaiety, an appearance
of peace, a truce. But although Jean felt that the agreement of the
hearts and minds around him was not real, he enjoyed it because he
had spent long years in moral solitude.

The worries and clashing of interests came from elsewhere, and were
not wanting. Nearly every day Jean had occasion to go through the
village of Alsheim, which was built on each side of three roads
forming a fork, the handle of which was the mountain side, and the
two prongs towards the plain. At the bifurcation was the tavern, the
Swan, which took up a corner of the church square. A little farther
on, on the left road leading to Bernhardsweiler, dwelt the German
workmen engaged by M. Joseph Oberlé, and lodged in little houses all
alike, each with a little garden in front. So that in whatever part
of Alsheim he showed himself, the young man could not help reading,
in the faces and gestures of those he met, different opinions, and
all equally distressing. The Germans and their wives--the workmen,
better disciplined and more tame-spirited than the Alsatians,
fearing all authority without respecting it, quartered in a corner
of Alsheim by the hatred of the population on which they hoped to
take vengeance some day, when they should be the more numerous,
having with the other inhabitants no ties of origin, family,
customs, or religion--could only have indifference or hostility for
the master, which were badly disguised by the salutations of the
men, and the furtive smiles of the women.

But many of the Alsatians were less under restraint. It was enough
that Jean had entered the business and that he was seen constantly
with his father, for their disapproval to extend to him. He saw
himself covered with a prudent contempt, the kind that little people
can always express towards powerful neighbours. The forest workmen,
the labourers, the women, and even the children pretended not to see
him when he passed, others withdrew into their houses; others, the
old ones especially, watched the rich man come and go as if he had
been from another country. Those who showed the most signs of
respect were the tradesmen or the employés, or the relations of the
employés of the house. And Jean found it difficult to bear the
reopening of this wound each time he left the park.

On Sunday, at church, in the whitewashed nave, he waited for the
coming of Odile. To reach the seat reserved for her family for
years, which was the first on the Epistle side, she had to pass near
Jean. She passed, with her father and her mother, without any of
them appearing to know that Jean was there, and M. Oberlé, and
Lucienne. She only smiled at the end of Mass, when she came down the
aisle, but she smiled at whole rows of friendly faces, at women, old
men, at big boys who would have died for her, and at the children of
the choir, the chanters of the "Concordia," who scampered off by the
sacristy door, to be able to salute, surround, and welcome at the
door the daughter of M. Bastian, the Alsatian girl, the friend, the
beloved of all this poor village; she did not give away more money
than Madame Oberlé, but they knew that there was no division in her
house, no treachery, and that the only difference between it and the
other houses in the valleys and mountains of Alsace was its wealth.
What did she think of Jean? She, whose eyes never spoke in vain, did
not look at him. She who used to speak to him in the roads now said

The first month of Jean's new life passed away like this in Alsheim.
Then spring was born. M. Joseph Oberlé waited two days and then,
seeing the buds of his birch-trees burst in the sunshine, he said to
his son on the third day:

"You are a good enough apprentice now to go alone and inspect our
timber-yard in the Vosges. You will get ready to start. This year I
have made exceptional purchases. I have cuttings as far as the
Schlucht, and to visit them you will have to visit nearly all the
Vosges. I give you no instructions, only observe, and bring me a
report, in which you will note down your observations of each of our

"When shall I start?"

"To-morrow, if you like--the winter is over." M. Oberlé said that
with the assurance of a man who has had need to know the weather
like a peasant, and who knows it. He had, before speaking, ordered a
list to be prepared of the cuttings of wood bought by the house
either from the German State or from the Communes, or from private
people, with the detailed directions on the position they occupied
in the mountains, and he gave this list to Jean.

There were a dozen cuttings distributed over the whole length of the
Vosges, from the valley of the Bruche on the north to the mouth of
the Schlucht.

The next day Jean put a little linen and a change of shoes in a bag,
and without telling any one of his intention hurried to the
mountain, and up to the lodge of Heidenbruch.

The square house, with green shutters, and the meadow, and the
forest all round the clearing, were smoking as if a fire had
devoured the heath and grass, and left the beech and pines intact.
Long wreaths of mist seemed to emanate from the soil, and to grow
tenuous, and uniting, lose themselves in the low clouds, which
glided along, rising from the valleys and going up the slopes
towards the invisible monastery of Sainte Odile. The humidity
penetrated to the very depths of the forests. It was everywhere.
Drops of water shone on the pine needles, streamed in threads down
the bare trunks of the beeches, polished the pebbles, swelled the
many mosses, and travelling over the land, and flowing on dead
leaves, went to swell the brooks, whose cadenced song could be heard
on all sides--the grasshopper of winter whose song never ceases.

Jean went up to the middle of the wooden palisade painted green,
which surrounded Heidenbruch, passed through the gate, and in the
front of the lodge called out gaily to the windows closed because of
the fog, "Uncle Ulrich."

A cap appeared behind the window panes, the cap of an Alsatian woman
who takes care of her big black ribbons--and under the cap there was
the smile of an old friend.

"Lise, tell uncle!"

This time the last window to the left opened, and the refined face,
the eyes of a watcher, the pointed beard of M. Ulrich Biehler were
framed between two shutters thrown back against the white wall.

"Uncle, I have at least a dozen wood-cutting places to visit. I
begin this morning, and I come to take you for a companion, to-day,
to-morrow, and every day...."

"Twelve journeys in the forest," answered his uncle, who leaned, his
arms crossed, on the window sill, "this is a fine ending to Lent! My
compliments on your mission!" He looked at his nephew in
walking-clothes, his strong, masculine face raised in the fog; he
was thinking that one could have sworn that he was a French officer,
and then, carried away by his imagination, he forgot to say whether
or not he would accompany his morning visitor.

"Come, uncle," continued Jean. "Come! Don't refuse me! We will sleep
in the inns; you will show me Alsace."

"I walked seven leagues yesterday, my friend!"

"We will only do six to-day."

"You really want me to come?"

"An absence of three years, Uncle Ulrich, think of that, and a whole
education to go through!"

"Well! I won't refuse you, Jean; I am too delighted that you should
have thought of me. I have even a second reason for agreeing to the
journey and to thank you for it. I will tell you presently."

He shut the window. In the silence of the woods Jean heard him call
the old valet, who was second in command in Heidenbruch.

"Pierre! Pierre! Ah! there you are! We are going for twelve days
into the mountains. I take you with me. You will pack my bag; put it
on your back with my nephew's bag. Take your shoes with the nails,
your stick, and you will go in front to the halting-place, while
Jean and I go to visit the cuttings. Do not forget my waterproof,
nor my pocket medicine chest."

Going into the house, the young man saw Uncle Ulrich, full of
business and radiant, pass him, open the drawing-room door, go to
the wall, take down a long object in copper on two nails, and go
quickly upstairs again.

"What are you taking away, uncle?"

"My telescope."

"Such an old one."

"I cling to it, my friend; it belonged to my great uncle, General
Biehler. It saw the back of the Prussians at Jena!"

Half an hour later, in the meadow on the slope in front of the house
was M. Ulrich, gaitered like Jean, with a soft hat, the telescope
slung over his shoulder, his dog gambolling round him; old Pierre
very dignified and solemn, carrying on his mountaineer's shoulders a
great pack wrapped in linen and fastened by straps; then Jean
Oberlé, bending over a staff-officer's map, which the others knew by
heart, discussing the two ways to go--the way of the baggage and the
way of the walkers. The discussion was short. The servant went on in
front, bearing to the left to reach the village where they would
sleep, while the uncle and nephew took a path to the middle of the
mountain--in a north-easterly direction.

"So much the better that it is a long way," said M. Ulrich, when
they gained the shade of the wood. "So much the better. I wish it
were for a lifetime. Two people who understand one another and go
through the forest--what a dream!"

He half shut his eyes, as painters do, and breathed in the mist with

"Do you know," he added, in the way he would have confided to him
something delightful, "Do you know that we have had spring here for
three days? There it is--that's my second reason!"

The forester said with enthusiasm what the manufacturer had said
without admiration. By the same signs he recognised that a new
season had begun. With his stick he pointed out to Jean the pine
buds, red like arbutus berries; the bursting bark on the beech
trunks, the shoots of wild strawberries running along the stones. In
the uncovered pathways the north wind still blew, but in the
hollows, the combes, the sheltered spots, one felt, in spite of the
fog, the first warmth of the sun, which goes to the heart and makes
men tremble, that warmth which touches the germ of the plants.

That day, and during those which followed, uncle and nephew lived
under wood. They understood one another perfectly, whether they
spoke fully on any subject or were silent. M. Ulrich knew the forest
and the mountains by heart. He enjoyed this opportunity which had
been given him to explain the Vosges and to discover his nephew.
Jean's ardent youthfulness often amused him and recalled bygone
times. The instincts of the forester and hunter, slumbering in the
young man's heart, were ripening and strengthening. But he had also
his rage, his revolts, his juvenile threatening words, against which
the uncle protested but feebly, because he really approved of them.

The plaint of Alsace rose to his ear for the first time, the
complaining cry the stranger does not hear and the conqueror only
half listens to, but can never understand. For Jean did not only
observe the forest; he also observed the people of the forest, from
the merchants and the officials, feudal lords on whom depend a
multitude almost past numbering, down to woodcutters, jobbers,
fellers, carters, charcoal burners, down even to wanderers,
shepherds, and swineherds, pedlars of dead wood, freebooters,
poachers, myrtle gatherers, who also gather mushrooms and wild
strawberries and raspberries.

Introduced by Uncle Ulrich, or passing by in his shadow, he aroused
no suspicions.

He talked freely with the people--in their words, their silence, and
in the atmosphere in which he lived day and night, he absorbed unto
himself the very soul of his race. Many did not know France, among
the young ones, and could not have said if they loved her, but even
those had France in their veins. They did not get on with the
German. A gesture, a look, an allusion, showed the secret disdain of
the Alsatian peasant for his conqueror. The idea of a yoke was
everywhere, and everywhere there was antipathy against the master
who only knew how to govern by fear. Other young men of the families
with traditions, instructed by their parents in the history of the
past, faithful without any precise hope, complained that the poor of
the mountain and plain were denied justice and subjected to
annoyances if they were suspected of the crime of regretting France.
They spoke of the tricks played by way of revenge on the custom
officers, on the police, on the forest guard--proud of their green
uniform and of their Tyrolese hat--the stories of smuggling and
desertion, of the Marseillaise sung in the taverns with closed
doors, of fêtes on French land, of perquisitions, domiciliary visits
and pursuits, of the comic or tragic duel, useless and exasperating,
between the strength of a great country and the mind of a small
one. When the latter suffered, its thoughts, inherited from
ancestors, through habit and from affection, went over the

There were also the old folk, and it was M. Ulrich's delight to make
them talk. When on the roads, and in the villages, he saw a man of
fifty years or more, and he knew him to be an Alsatian, it was
seldom that he himself was not recognised and that a mysterious
smile did not prepare the question for the Master of Heidenbruch:

"Come, is this not another friend--a child of our family?"

If M. Ulrich, by the expression of the face, by the movement of the
eyes, by a little fear sometimes, felt that his conclusion was
justified, he added in a low voice:

"You--you have the face of a French soldier!"

Then there were smiles or tears, sudden shocks to the heart, which
changed the expression of the face pallors, flushings, pipes taken
from the corner of the lips, and often, very often, a hand raised,
turned palm outwards, touching the brim of the felt hat, thus making
the military salute, as long as the two travellers were in sight.

"Do you see him?" said Uncle Ulrich, quite softly; "if he had a
bugle he would play 'La Casquette.'"

Jean Oberlé never ceased talking of France. He asked when he came to
the top of a mountain ridge: "Are we far from the frontier?" He made
the uncle tell him what Alsace was like under the "gentle
rule"--what liberty was enjoyed by each and all, how the towns were
administered? What difference was there between the French
gendarmes--whom M. Ulrich mentioned with a friendly smile as good
fellows, not too hard on the poor--and these German gendarmes,
common informers, brutal, always officious and full of zeal, whom
the whole of the Alsace of to-day hated? What was the name of that
prefect of the First Empire who placed by the roadsides of Lower
Alsace benches of stone of two tiers so that the women going to
market could sit down, and place at the same time their load above
them? "The marquis de Lezay Marnésia, my boy."

"Tell me the story of our artists, of our deputies in the old days,
of our bishops. Tell me what Strasburg was like in your youth, and
what a sight it was when the military band played at Contades?"

M. Ulrich, with the joy of living over again which mingles with all
our memories, remembered and related. While climbing and descending
the intersections of the Vosges he went through the history of
French Alsace. He had only to let his ardent heart speak, and it
made him weep. It also made him sing, with the gaiety of a child,
the songs of Nadaud, of Béranger, La Marseillaise, or the old Noels,
which he sang to the pointed arches of the forest.

Jean took such a passionate interest in these evocations of old
Alsace, and he so naturally entered into the hatreds and revolts of
the present that his uncle, who was at first pleased at it as a sign
of good family, ended by growing uneasy. One evening, when they had
given alms to an old teacher, deprived of the right of teaching
French, and reduced to misery because she was too old to get a
German diploma, Jean's anger had carried him away.

"My dear Jean," said the uncle, "you must be careful not to go too
far. You have to live with Germans."

Since then M. Ulrich had avoided returning so often to the question
of the annexation. But alas! it was the whole of Alsace, it was the
landscape, the descending road, the sign of some shop, the women's
dress, the type of men, the sight of soldiers, the fortifications at
the top of a hill, a finger-post, the different items in a
newspaper bought in the Alsatian inn where they had dined in the
evening--it was every hour of the day which called their minds back
to the condition of Alsace, a nation conquered but not assimilated.
In vain did M. Ulrich answer more carelessly and quickly--he could
not hinder Jean's thought from travelling the road to the unknown.
And when they climbed together a neck of the Vosges, the elder man
saw with pleasure and apprehension Jean's eyes travel to seek the
horizon on the west, and gaze there as at some loved face. Jean did
not look so long at the east or the south.

A fortnight was employed in visiting the forest of the Vosges, and
during this time M. Ulrich came back to Heidenbruch only twice for
some hours. The separation took place only on Palm Sunday, in a
village of the Valley of Münster.

It was evening--the hour when the valleys of the German side of the
mountains were quite blue, and there was only a strip of light on
the last pines which surrounded the shade. M. Ulrich Biehler had
already said good-bye to this nephew, his dearest friend.

The servant had taken the train that same morning for Obernai, M.
Ulrich, the collar of his cloak turned up because the cold was
piercing, had just whistled to Fidèle and was leaving the inn, when
Jean, in his blue hunting-costume, without a hat, came down the
flight of steps.

"Again good-bye," he said.

And as the uncle, very upset, and not wishing to show it, made a
sign with his hand to avoid words which might be tremulous--

"I will go with you to the last house of the village," continued

"Why, my boy, it is useless to prolong----"

His head turned towards his uncle, and his uncle, looking down the
road, Jean began to walk. He commenced in his cajoling young voice:

"I am inexpressibly sorry to leave you, Uncle Ulrich, and I must
tell you why. You understand before one says twenty words. You do
not contradict aggressively: when you are not of my opinion, I know
it by your mouth, which makes the point of your white beard
rise--that is all. You are kind. You do not get angry, and I feel
you are very decided. Other people's ideas all seem familiar to
you--you are able to answer them so easily; you are respected by the
weak. I was not accustomed to that on the other side of the Rhine."

"Bah! bah!"

"I even appreciate your fears about me."

"My fears?"

"Yes. Do you think that I did not see that there is another question
which interests me intensely, and of which you have not spoken to me
for six days?"

This time Jean did not see his uncle's profile; he saw his full
face, and its expression was a little anxious.

"My boy, I did that purposely," said M. Ulrich. "When you questioned
me, I told you what we were and what we are. And then I saw that I
must not insist too much, because you would be full of grief. You
see, grief is good for me; but for you, youth, it is better that you
should start off like the horses which have not yet run a race, and
only carry a very slight weight."

The last house was passed. They were in the country, between a
stream strewn with many boulders, and a steep slope which joined the
forest up above.

"Too late," said Jean Oberlé, holding out his hand and stopping,
"too late; you have said too much, Uncle Ulrich. I feel I belong to
the older times, as you do. And so much the worse, as to-morrow I
go up to the Schlucht. I shall see her--I shall say good day to our
country of France!"

He laughed as he uttered these words. M. Ulrich shook his head once
or twice to scold him, but without answering, and he went away into
the mist.



The next day Jean started in the morning on foot to go to the
cutting bought by the House of Oberlé, which was situated on the
crest of the mountains, enclosing the valley, to the left of the
neck of the Schlucht, in the forest of Stosswihr. The way was
long--the soil made slippery by a recent shower; besides, Jean lost
several hours in going round a great rock he ought to have climbed.
The afternoon was well advanced when he came to a wood cabin at the
place where the road ended: just the time to talk to the German
foreman who directed, under the supervision of the forest
administration, the felling and transport of the firs; and the young
man, continuing his climb, passed the workmen from the timber-yard
coming down before the end of the day, to regain the valley. The
sun, still splendid, was about to disappear on the other side of the
Vosges. Jean was thinking with a beating heart of the frontier now
quite near; however, he would not ask the way of the men who saluted
him in passing, for he prided himself on hiding his emotions, and
his words might have betrayed him before this gang of woodcutters
released from work, and curious at the meeting. He entered the
cutting they had just left. Around him the pine-trees, branchless
and despoiled of their bark, were lying on the slopes, which they
seemed to light up by the whiteness of their trunks. They had
rolled--and stopped--one could not see why. At other times they had
made a barrier and placed themselves pell-mell like spilikins on a
game board. In the high forest there only remained one workman, an
old man dressed in dark clothes who, kneeling, tied up in his
handkerchief, a store of mushrooms he had gathered. When he had
finished tying the ends of the red stuff with his clumsy fingers he
got up, pushed his woollen cap well on to his head, and began to
descend, with long strides over the moss, his mouth open to the
odour of the forests.

"Ah," said Jean, "one minute, my man."

The man between two immense pine trunks, himself the colour of the
bark, turned his head.

"Which is my nearest way to get to the neck of the Schlucht?"

"Go down by the waterfall, the way I go, and then turn up again. But
do not go up there another two hundred yards, for then you go down
into France; you will find paths which will lead you to the
Schlucht. Good evening!"

"Good evening!"

The words rang out, soon lost in the vast silence. But one of them
went on speaking to Jean Oberlé's heart: "You will go down into
France." He was in a hurry to see her, this mysterious France, which
held such a large place in his dreams, in his life--she, who had
destroyed the unity of his family because the older members, some of
them at least, remained faithful to her charms. France, for whom so
many Alsatians had died and for whom so many others were waiting and
whom they were loving with that silent love which makes hearts sad.
So near him--she from whom he had been so jealously kept--she for
whom Uncle Ulrich, M. Bastian, his mother, his grandfather Philippe,
and thousands and thousands of others said a prayer every night!

In a few minutes he had reached the top and begun his descent on the
other side. But the trees formed a thick curtain round him. And he
began to run to find a road and a free space to see France. He took
pleasure in sliding down and letting himself almost fall, head
foremost, seeking the desired opening. On this side of the mountain
the sun was touching the earth; here and there the air was still
warm; but the pines always made a wall.

"Halt!" cried a man, showing himself suddenly, and coming out from
behind the trunk of a tree. Jean went on running some steps--carried
away by the impetus. Then he came back to the customs official who
had called to him. Then the man, who was a brigadier, young and
squat, with defective eyes, a little wild, two locks of yellow hair
framing the thick-set face--the real type of a man of the Vosges,
looked at the young man and said:

"Why the devil did you run? I thought you were a smuggler."

"I was trying to find a place to see a landscape in France...."

"Does that interest you? You are from the other side?"


"Not a Prussian all the same?"

"No; an Alsatian."

The man smiled slightly and said, "That is better!"

But Jean continued without taking up the conversation, and as if he
had forgotten his question, to look at this poor officer of France,
his face, his uniform, and to photograph them on his mind. The
officer seemed amused at his curiosity and said, laughing:

"If it is a view you are after, you have only to follow me. I have
one which the Government offers me to complete my treatment."

They both began to laugh, looking straight into each other's eyes
quickly--less for what the customs officer had said than because of
a certain sympathy which they felt for each other.

"We have no time to lose," said the brigadier, "the sun is dying

They went on under the vault of pines, turning round a cliff of bare
rocks on which were planted at some distance two posts marking the
spot where Germany ended and where France began, and at the end
point, which was like a spur in the green, on a straight platform,
which had its bed down in the forest, they found a watch-house of
heavy planks of pines nailed on to the beams. From there one could
see an immense landscape, which went on and on, sloping down--as far
as human eye could see. In this moment and in the setting sun a pale
golden light bathed the terraced lands, forests, villages, and
rivers, the lakes of Retournemer and Longemer, softening the
reliefs, and casting a colour like that of corn on uncultivated
lands covered with heath. Jean remained standing, drinking in the
picture to intoxication, and kept silence, while his emotion
increased. He felt that the whole depth of his soul was full of joy.

"How beautiful it is!" he said.

The brigadier of customs, who was observing him from the corner of
his eye, was flattered by the other's unstinted praise of his native
district and answered:

"It is tiring, but in summer it is good to walk--for those who have
the time. People come from Gérardmer, and from Saint Dié and
Remiremont and from farther still. Many people come from over

Over his shoulder, with his thumb reversed and turned backwards, he
pointed to the country beyond the frontier.

Jean was shown in which direction lay the three towns of which the
Custom House official had spoken. But he only followed his own
thought with attention. What delighted him was the clearness of the
air, and the idea of the illimitable, of the sweetness of life and
of fertility which came to his mind at the sight of the French land.
It was all he knew of France, what he had read, and what he had
heard his mother, grandfather, and uncle Ulrich talk about, what he
had pictured to himself, memories buried deep in his mind, which
rose again suddenly like millions of grains of corn to the call of
the sun.

The brigadier was seated on a bench, along the side of the hut; he
had taken his short pipe from his pocket and was smoking.

When he saw the visitor turn towards him, his eyes full of tears,
and seat himself on the bench, he guessed Jean's feelings; for
Jean's admiration of the picturesque had escaped him, but the tears
of regret at once made the brigadier grave. Those were from the
heart, and a sublime equality united the two men. However, as he did
not dare to question he stiffened his neck, until the muscles were
visible, and began to study the horizon silently.

"What part of France do you come from?" asked Jean.

"About five leagues from here, in the mountain."

"Have you served your time in the army?"

The brigadier took his pipe from his mouth and his hand quickly
touched the medal hanging on his breast.

"Six years," said he--"two furloughs. When I left I was a sergeant,
with this medal, which I brought back from Tonquin. A fine time when
it is finished." He spoke like travellers who prefer the remembrance
of a journey but all the same have not disliked it. And he

"With you, they say it is harder."


"I have always heard it said Germany is a great country, but the
officer and the soldier are not relatives as in France."

The sun was going down; the great golden landscape became tawny in
places and purple in shadow. This purple spread with the rapidity of
racing clouds on shadowed slopes and veiled plains--how Jean Oberlé
would have loved to see you again in strong light! He asked:

"Do you ever see any deserters?"

Those who pass the frontier before their service begins are naturally
not known, only the soldiers serving in the Alsace-Lorraine regiments
and who desert in uniform. "Yes; I have seen several poor fellows who
had been too severely punished or whose tempers were too proud. You
will say that some desert from our side too, and it is true; but then
they are not so many----"

Shaking his head and looking tenderly at the sleeping forests:

"When one belongs to this side, you see, one can speak ill of it,
but one is not satisfied elsewhere. You do not know the country,
sir, and yet to look at you one would swear you belonged to it."

Jean felt himself getting red; his throat was dry; he could not
answer. And the man, thinking that he had taken a liberty, said:

"Excuse me, sir; one never knows whom one meets; and it is better
not to talk about these things. I must continue my rounds and go
down again."

He was going to salute in military fashion; Jean took his hand and
pressed it.

"You are not mistaken, my friend," he said.

Then, feeling in his pocket, he held out his cigar-case to him.

"Come, take a cigar!"

And then, with a kind of childish joy, he emptied his case into the
hand which the Custom House official held out.

"Take them all; you will give me pleasure. Do not refuse me!"

It seemed as if he wanted to give something to France.

The brigadier hesitated for a moment, and closed his hand over them,

"I will smoke them on Sunday. Thank you, sir! Good-bye!"

He saluted quickly, and was lost to sight almost immediately in the
firs that clothe the mountains. Jean heard his footsteps growing
fainter in the distance. Above all, he heard echoing in his soul,
and with indescribable emotion, the words of this unknown man.

"You belong to us." "Yes, I belong here; I feel it, I see it; and
that explains to me so many things in my life."

The shadow descended.

Jean saw the land darkening. He thought of those of his family who
had fought there, round the villages submerged by the night, so that
Alsace should remain united to that great country stretched out
before him. "Sweet country--my country--every one has tender words
for her; and I, why did I come? Why am I as moved as if she were
living before me?"

In a little while, on the fringe of the sky just where the blue
began, rose the evening star. Alone, faint but dominating as an

Jean rose; the night was becoming quite dark, and he took the path
which follows the crest of the hills; but he could not take his eyes
from the star. Walking all alone in the deep silence, on the summit
of the divided Vosges, he said to the star and to the shadow

"I belong to you; I am happy to have seen you. It frightens me to
love you as I do!"

Soon he reached the frontier, and by the magnificent road crossing
the Schlucht, went back again into the German-land.

The following day, the Tuesday of Holy Week, he was again at
Alsheim, and handed to his father the report he had drawn up. Every
one welcomed his return with such evident pleasure that he was very
much touched by it. The evening after the "conference" between the
old grandfather and the manufacturer, and at which Jean was present,
since he had just returned from visiting the cuttings, Lucienne
called her brother to the fire before which she was warming herself
in the large yellow drawing-room. Madame Oberlé was reading near the
window; her husband had gone out, the coachman having informed him
that one of the horses had gone lame.

"Well!" asked Lucienne. "What is the most beautiful thing you saw?"


"No, do not joke; tell me, the most beautiful thing during your



"At the Schlucht. You cannot imagine the emotion it made me feel. It
was a shock--like a revelation. You do not seem to understand me."

She answered in an indifferent manner:

"Yes; I am delighted that you were pleased. It ought to be a very
fine excursion at this time of the year. The first spring flowers,
are there not? And the breeze in the woods? Ah, my dear boy, there
is so much convention in all that!"

Jean did not go on. She it was who continued, and in a confidential
voice, which she modulated, and made marvellously musical:

"Here we've had grand visits--oh, visits which nearly cost a scene.
Imagine, two German officers came last Wednesday in a motor car to
the lodge, and asked permission to see the saw-mills. Happily they
were in mufti. The Alsheim people only saw two gentlemen like any
others. Very fashionable; an old one--a commandant, and a young one
with a grand air, and accustomed to society. If you had seen him bow
to papa! I was in the park. They bowed to me too, and visited the
whole of the works, personally conducted by our father. While this
was going on that idiot Victor informed grandfather, who showed he
was annoyed when we came in. I ought to have run away, it appears.
As the gentlemen did not enter the house--'my house,' as grandfather
says--his irritation did not last long. However, there was a

Lucienne laughed a little stifled laugh.

"My dear, Madame Bastian did not approve of me."

"You were then present during their visit to the works, when these


"All the time?"

"My father kept me. In any case, I do not see how that should affect
the Mayor's wife. But I had such a cold bow from her, my dear, last
Sunday at the church door. Do you care about the Bastians' bows?"

"Yes; in the same way that I care for the greetings of all good

"Good people--yes; but they do not know what life is! To be blamed
by them is just the same to me as if I were to be blamed by an
Egyptian mummy come to life for the purpose. I should answer: 'You
do not understand anything about it; go and wrap yourself up again.'
Is it not strange that you do not think as I do--you, my brother?"

Jean stroked the hand which was raised in front of him to make a

"Even mummies can judge of certain things of our time, my
darling--the things which are of all times."

"Oh! how serious you are. Come now, where was I wrong? Was it in
going for a walk? In not looking away? In answering a greeting? In
obeying my father, who told me to come and stay?"

"No; assuredly not!"

"What harm have I done?"

"None. I have danced with many German girls. You can acknowledge an
officer's greeting."

"Then I did right?"

"As a fact, yes. But there are so many sorrows around us--real
sorrows, and so noble. You must remember that they all come to life
again at a word, or a gesture."

"I shall never consider that. Since what I do is not wrong, no one
shall ever stop me. Do you hear?"

"That is where we differ, Lucienne. It is not so much in our ideas;
it is in a whole range of feelings which your education prevents you
from possessing."

He kissed her, and the conversation wandered to different topics.



The weather had settled fine. Jean found the plain of Alsace in full
spring glory.

However, he only felt a faint and mixed pleasure in the sight he had
longed for. He came back from this excursion more upset than he
cared to own to himself. It had revealed to him the opposition of
the two nations--that is to say, of two minds, the persistent memory
of many of the poor, and the difficulty they found to make a
livelihood which their prudent and even hidden opinions created for
them. He understood better now how difficult a part his would be to
play in the family, at the works, in the village, in Alsace.

The pleasure he felt the morning after his return at his father's
congratulations on the report of the forest cultivation by the House
of Oberlé made only a short diversion in the midst of this worry. He
tried in vain to appear quite happy, and he duly deceived those
whose interest it was to be deceived.

"My Jean," said his mother, kissing him as he was going to sit down
to breakfast, "I think you look splendid. The strong Alsheim air
agrees with you, and also being near your poor mamma!"

"Fancy that!" said Lucienne, "and I thought him very gloomy!"

"Business," explained M. Joseph Oberlé, turning towards the window
where his son was sitting, "cares of business. He has handed me a
report, on which I must congratulate him publicly; it is very well
drawn up, very clear, and the result of which will be that I shall
economise, in four places at least, in the transport of my trees.
You understand, father?"

The grandfather made a sign with his head. But he finished writing
something on the slate, and showed it to his daughter-in-law.

"Has he already seen the country weep?"

Madame Monica rubbed the sentences out quickly with her fingers. The
others looked at her, and all were uneasy, as if there had been some
painful explanation between them.

Jean again experienced that intimate sorrow for which there is no
remedy. All the afternoon he worked in the office at the saw-mills,
but he was distracted and dreamy. He reflected that Lucienne would
go away one day, and that nothing would be altered; that the
grandfather might disappear also, and that the division would still
go on. All the plans that he had had when far away, the hope of
being himself a diversion, of bringing peace, of uniting them or of
giving them an appearance of union: all that appeared childish to
him now. He saw that Lucienne had spoken truly when she made fun of
his illusions.

No, the evil was not in his family, it was in the whole of Alsace.
Even if no one of his name lived at Alsheim, Jean Oberlé would meet
at his door, in the village, among his workmen, his clients, and his
friends the same annoyance at certain moments, always the same
question. Neither his will nor any will like his could deliver his
race, either now or later.

In this melancholy mood the idea of seeing Odile again, and making
her love him, came back to him and took possession of his mind. Who
else besides Odile could make life at Alsheim acceptable to him, and
bring back his scattered and suspicious friends, and re-establish
the name of Oberlé in the esteem of "Old Alsace"? He saw now that
she was more than a pretty woman towards whom his youthful heart
went out in song; he saw in her peace and dignity, and the only
strength possible in the difficult future which awaited him.

She was the brave and faithful creature whom he needed here.

How to tell her? How to find an opportunity to speak freely to her,
without the risk of being surprised, and troubling this orderly and
jealous family? Evidently not at Alsheim. Then where should he
arrange to meet her? And how could he forewarn her?

Jean thought of this all the evening.

The next day, Maundy Thursday, was the day on which in Catholic
churches the Tomb would be decorated with flowers, branches of
trees, materials, and torches placed in ledges, where the faithful
hasten to adore the Host. It was beautiful weather, clear, even too
clear for the time of year, when clearness calls up mist or rain.

After he had talked with his mother and Lucienne in M. Philippe
Oberlé's room--it was the first time that he had felt that his home
held a family--Jean went towards the orchards, which are behind the
houses of Alsheim, and followed the road which he had taken a few
weeks ago to call on the Bastians. But a little beyond the
Ramspachers' farm he took the path which up to there ran at right
angles to the avenue, and was now parallel with it, and with it
joined the village road. He came out on to a piece of waste land,
used for carts by many farmers on the plain. The neighbouring fields
were deserted. The road was partially screened by a bank of earth
planted with hazel-trees. Jean walked along the quick-set hedge
which ran round the Bastians' property, approached the village, and
came back again. He waited. He hoped that Odile would soon come into
the path on the other side of the hedge to go to the Alsheim church
to pray at the Tomb.

The remembrance of former meetings, at the same place and on the
same day, had come into his mind, and had decided him. As he began
the walk for the third time he saw what he had not seen at first.

"How wonderful," he said to himself. "The road was made for her!"

At the end of the avenue, for more than two hundred yards in front,
the fence, the clumps of trees, a small portion of the long roof
appeared in a marvellous frame.

The old cherry-trees had flowered all together in the same week with
the almond-trees and the pear-trees. The pear-trees blossom in
clusters, the almond-trees in stars; as for the wild cherry-trees,
from the forest transplanted to the plain--they blossom into white
distaffs of bloom.

Round the substantial branches, swollen and coloured red with sap,
thousands of white corollas like a drift of snowflakes, trembled on
their fragile stalks, and so thick were they that in many places one
could not see the branch itself. Every tree cast its flowery
spindles in all directions. So many of the cherry-trees were old
that from one side of the avenue to the other the points of the
flowering branches touched and intermingled. A swarm of bees covered
them with hovering wings. A subtle odour of honey floated in waves
down the avenue, and was wafted on the wind far away to the plain,
to the fields, to the scarcely covered ground surprised by this
feeling of spring. There were no trees in the large open valley
which could vie with these for splendour--only to the right--and
quite close, the four walnut-trees of the Ramspachers had begun to
show their leaves, and seemed with their heavy branches to be
enamels encrusting the farm walls.

The minutes passed by--the petals of the cherry-blossoms fell in
showers. And lo, here is a woman stooping to unlatch the gate--it is
she! She stands erect, and walks onwards in the middle of the path,
between its two borders of grass--quite slowly, for she is gazing
upwards. She is looking at the white blossoms which are open. The
idea of a bride's wedding wreath, an idea so familiar to young
girls, passes through her mind. Odile does not smile, only her face
beams with an uplifted look, and an involuntary stretching out of
her hands gives the greeting and thanks of her youth to the joyous

She goes down towards Alsheim. On her fur cap, on her rounded
cheeks, on her blue cloth dress, the wild cherry-trees shed their
blossoms. She is serious. In her left hand she carries a prayer
book, half hidden in the folds of her skirt. She thinks she is

The splendour of the day speaks to her. But there is nothing languid
about her. She is a valiant creature; she is made to face life
bravely. Her eyes, which seek the tree-tops, are alive and masters
of her thoughts, and do not give themselves up to a tempting dream.
She was drawing near, never suspecting that Jean was waiting for
her. The meal-time ended, the usual noises were going on in the
village of Alsheim, rumbling cart-wheels, barking dogs, voices of
men, of children calling to each other, but all softened by the
distance, scattered in the vast aerial space, drowned in the tide of
the wind, as is the noise of a clod of earth which has become loose
and falls into the sea.

As she came near, Jean took off his hat and stood up a little on
the other side of the hedge. And she who walked between two walls of
blossoms, although she was gazing upwards, turned her head, her
glance still full of the spring which had excited her.

"Oh, is that you?" she said.

And she came at once across the strip of grass where the
cherry-trees were planted, up to the place in the hedge where Jean

"I cannot come to you freely as I used to," he said, "so I came to
wait for you. I have a favour to ask of you...."

"A favour? And you say that so seriously!" She tried to smile, but
her lips refused. They had both become pale.

"I am going," said Jean, as if he was making a grave declaration; "I
am going up to Sainte Odile the day after to-morrow--I shall go to
hear the bells ring in Easter. If you also asked for permission to

"You have made a vow?"

He answered:

"Something like it. I must speak to you--to you alone."

Odile withdrew slightly. With something of fear in her look she was
trying to find out if Jean was speaking the truth--if she had
guessed aright. He was watching her in an agony of anxiety. They
were motionless, trembling, and so near and yet so far from each
other that one would have said that they were threatening each
other. And in fact both felt that the peace of their lives was at
stake. They were not children, but a man and a woman of a strong and
passionate race. All the powers of their being asserted themselves
and broke through the hackneyed commonplaces of custom, because in
these simple words, "I must speak to you," Odile had heard the
breath of a soul which was giving itself, and which demanded a

In the deserted avenue the old cherry-trees lifted their white
distaffs of blossom, and in the cup of each flower the spring sun
was resting.

"The day after to-morrow?" she said, "at Sainte Odile--to hear the
bells ring?"

She repeated what he had said. But that was to gain time, and to
gaze deeper into those eyes fixed upon her, eyes which looked like
the green depths of the forest.

There was a great calm in the plain and in the next village. The
wind ceased for a moment--Odile turned away.

"I will go," she said.

Neither of them explained themselves further. A covered cart rolled
along the road, not far off. A man shut the gate through which carts
pass to the Bastians' farm. But the great thing was Jean had said
what he had to say.

In the profound depths of their souls the words echoed and
re-echoed. They were no longer alone. Both had the sacred moment of
their meeting enclosed, as it were, in themselves, and they fell
back on their own thoughts as the earth in the furrows does when the
sowing is done, and the germinating seed is beginning to expand.

Odile went away. Jean admired the healthy and beautiful woman
disappearing along the road. She walked well, without swinging her
body. Above the white neck, Jean placed in imagination the big black
bows of the Alsatian women who live beyond Strasburg. She no longer
raised her eyes towards the cherry-trees. She let her skirt trail,
and it swept the grass, making a little dust fly, and the petals of
cherry blossoms, which flew about a little in the wind before dying.

       *       *       *       *       *

The day after to-morrow was slow in coming. Jean had said to his

"Some pilgrims are going up to Sainte Odile on Saturday to hear the
Easter bells. I have never been there at this time. If you do not
mind, it is an excursion I should much like to make."

He did not mind.

Jean opened his window when he woke that morning. There was a thick
fog. The fields near the house were invisible.

"You will not go in this weather?" asked Lucienne, when she saw her
brother come into the dining-room, where she was drinking her

"Yes, I shall go."

"You will see nothing."

"I shall hear."

"Is it then so extraordinary?"


"Then will you take me?"

She did not wish to go to Sainte Odile. Dressed in a light
morning-gown trimmed with lace, and drinking her chocolate in little
sips, she had no intention whatever of doing anything but stop her
brother on his way and kiss him.

"Seriously, are you making a kind of pilgrimage up there?"

"Yes--a kind of----"

Bending at this moment over her cup, she did not see the quick smile
which accompanied the words. She answered a little bitterly:

"You know I'm not devout. I fulfil my obligations as a Catholic but
poorly, and the practices of devotion do not tempt me. But you, you
have more faith than I have. I am going to tell you what you ought
to ask for--it will be worth a pilgrimage, I can tell you." She
changed her tone, and her voice became suddenly passionate; she
raised her eyebrows, her eyes were at once self-willed and
affectionate, and she said:

"You must ask for that miracle of perfection among women who will
live with you here. When I am married and go away life will be
terrible for you here. You will have to bear all alone the misery of
the family quarrels, and the suspicions of the peasants. You will
have no one to pity you. That is the part to play. Ask for some one
strong enough, gay enough, and with a conscience fine enough to do
it, since you would live at Alsheim. You see, my thought is that of
a friend."

"Of a great friend."

They kissed each other.

"Good-bye, Pilgrim, good-bye--good luck!"


Jean got away. He was soon in the park, turned after passing through
the gate, went through the hop-fields and the vineyards, and so into
the forest.

The forest was also full of mist. The serried masses of pines, which
took the hill as it were by storm, appeared grey from one bank of
the stream to the other, and were almost immediately lost in a thick
mist without sun and without shadow.

Jean did not go up the beaten track. He went gaily climbing up the
woods when not too steep, and stopping sometimes to take breath and
to listen if he could not catch above as below, somewhere in the
mysterious and impenetrable mists of the mountain, either the voice
of Odile or the chant of the pilgrims. But no; he only heard the
rushing of water, or perhaps the voice of some one calling to his
dog, or the timid call of some poor peasant of Obernai picking up
dead sticks with his child, in spite of the regulation which allows
wood-picking only on Thursdays. The saucepan must boil on Easter
Sunday! And was not this fog which hid everything a divine
protection against the forest guard?

Jean experienced great pleasure from this solitary, stiff climb. As
he went up he thought of Odile more and more, and he was more and
more glad that he had chosen this holy place of Alsace in which to
meet her--and this day--doubly affecting. Everywhere around him the
beautiful scalefern which carpets the rocky slopes unfolded its
velvet fronds. On all last year's shoots of honeysuckle there were
little leaves; the first strawberries were in flower, and the first
lilies of the valley. The geraniums, which are so fine in Sainte
Odile, lifted their hairy stalks, and the multitude of whortle
berries and bilberries and raspberries, that is the entire
undergrowth, whole fields of it, began to pour out on the breeze the
perfume of their moving sap. The fog retained these few scents and
kept them in like a net work on the sides of the Vosges.

Jean came close to Heidenbruch, looked at the green shutters and
went on his way. "Uncle Ulrich," he murmured, "you would be glad if
you saw me, and if you knew where I am going, and with whom,
perhaps, I shall be presently!" Fidèle barked, half asleep, but did
not come. The mountain was again deserted. A buzzard called above
the mist. Jean, who had not been this way since his childhood,
enjoyed the wildness and peacefulness of the place. He reached the
higher part, which is the property of the bishopric of Strasburg,
and followed the "pagan wall" which surrounds the summit for ten
miles, that he might recall his school-boy impressions of long ago.

At midday he had passed the Männelstein rock and entered the convent
courtyard, built on the mountain top, a crown of old stone placed
above the summit of the pine forests; and there, although there was
no crowd, he found groups of pilgrims, carriages with horses
unharnessed, fastened to the trunks of ancient lime-trees, grown no
one knew how at this altitude, and covering with their branches
nearly the whole enclosure. Jean remembered the way; he went towards
the chapels on the right. He merely passed through the first, which
is painted, but stopped in the second, with elliptical arches
leading to the shrine, where lies the wax figure of the patroness of
Alsace, the Abbess Sainte Odile--so gentle, with her pink face, her
veil, and her golden crozier, her purple mantle lined with ermine.
Jean knelt down: with all the strength of his faith he prayed for
his home, so sadly divided against itself, from which he felt glad
to be away, and that Odile Bastian should not fail to keep this love
tryst, the hour for which was so near at hand. As his was a sincere
soul, he added: "Let our way be made clear to us! May we follow it
together! Let us see all obstacles removed from our path!"

The whole of Alsace had knelt at the same spot for centuries.

Then he went out to the refectory, where the nuns had begun to help
the first visitors. Odile was not there. After the lunch, which was
very long, being continually lengthened by the arrival of fresh
pilgrims, Jean went hastily to the foot of the great rock on which
the convent is built, and finding once more the road which comes
from Saint Nabor and passes by Sainte Odile's well, he posted
himself in a thick part of the wood which overlooked a bend in the
road. At his feet was the narrow strip of downtrodden earth, bare of
grass and covered with pine needles, and which seemed hanging in the
air. Far beyond that point the slope of the mountain became so steep
that he could see no farther. In clear weather you could see to
right and left two sunken wooden buttresses, but now the curtain of
white mist hid everything--the abyss, the slopes, and the trees. But
the wind blew and moved the mist, whose thickness, one could feel,
varied from minute to minute.

It was two o'clock. In an hour the Easter bells would ring. The
people who wanted to hear them could not now be far from the summit,
and in the great silence Jean heard, rising upwards from below,
voices blending round the bend of the wood. Then a phrase whistled:
"_Formez vos bataillons!_" warned him that Alsatian students were
near. Two young men--he who had whistled overtaken by another--came
little by little out of the fog and went towards the abbey.

Then a young couple passed, the wife dressed in black, her
square-cut bodice showing a white chemise, and wearing a lace cap
like a helmet on her head; the man wore a flowered velvet waistcoat,
a jacket with a row of copper buttons, and a fur cap.

Weissenburg peasants thought Jean.

Then he saw florid women from Alsheim and Heiligenstein pass,
chattering, but not showing any trace of Alsatian dress.

Among them was a woman from the Münster valley, recognisable by her
cap of dark stuff, bound round her head like the handkerchief of the
southerners, and decorated in front with a red rosette. Two minutes
slipped by. A step was heard through the fog, and a priest
appeared--an old, heavy man, who wiped his face as he walked. Two
children, very alert, doubtless the belated children of one of the
women who had already gone by, overtook him, greeting him in
Alsatian with the words, "Praised be Jesus Christ, M. le curé!"

"For ever and ever!" answered the priest.

He did not know them; he only spoke to them to answer the old and
beautiful form of greeting. Jean, seated near a pine-tree and half
hidden, heard an old man overtake the priest at the bend of the road
and say, "Praised be Jesus Christ!"

How many times must that greeting have echoed through the vaults of
the forest!

Jean looked before him as one in a dream, who sees only vague
figures without attaching any meaning to them.

He stayed like that a short time. Then a murmur, almost
imperceptible, so faint as to pass almost unheard, weaker than the
twitter of a bird, was borne up on the fog: "Hail, Mary, full of
grace; blessed art thou among women!" Another murmur followed, and
finished with "Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us!" and an
involuntary agitation, a mysterious certainty, preceded the
appearance of two women.

They were both tall. The elder was an old spinster of Alsheim, whose
face was the colour of the fog, and who lived in the shadow of the
church, which she decorated on feast-days. She looked weary, but she
smiled as she recited the rosary. The younger walked on the right,
at the edge of the path, even with the slope, her proud head raised.
Her fair hair was like a beautiful piece of pine bark, her body,
robust and perfectly proportioned, stood out completely from the
pale screen of cloudy mist which filled the bend of the road.

Jean did not move, nevertheless the younger woman saw him, and
turned her head towards him. Odile smiled, and without interrupting
her prayer, her eyes, turned towards the summit of the mountain,

"I will wait for you up there."

The two women did not slacken their steps. With even steps, upright,
moving slightly the rosaries which they held in their hands by the
swaying of their bodies, they mounted upwards, and were hidden in
the shadow of the old wood. Jean let some moments pass by and
followed the same road. At the turning, where the road becomes
straight and crosses the crest of the mountain to reach the convent,
he saw the two women again. They were walking more quickly, glad to
have arrived, their sunshades open, for the mist, which had not
dispersed, was now warm, and there were splashes of shadow at the
foot of the trees. The sun was going down towards the peaks of the
Vosges and towards the plains of France beyond.

The pilgrims who had arrived had already made their pilgrimage to
the shrine of Sainte Odile, and were hastening to visit the places
consecrated by pious or profane tradition: Sainte Odile's well, St.
John's well, or by the pagan wall along the goat-path to the Rock of
Männelstein, from where there is generally such a lovely view, to
the tops of the Bloss and the Elsberg, to the ruined castles which
lift their ancient towers among the pines--Andlau, Spesburg,
Landsberg, and others. Jean saw the two women cross the courtyard
and go towards the chapel. He retraced his steps to the beginning of
the wind-swept avenue, along the old building, which reminds one of
the advance works of old forts, and passes through a vaulted porch
used as an entrance.

Ten minutes later Odile came out of the chapel alone, and guessing
that Jean Oberlé was waiting for her elsewhere rather than in this
courtyard too full of onlookers, took the road leading to the

She was dressed in the clothes she had worn on Maundy Thursday, the
same dark dress, but her hat was very simple, very youthful, and
suited her to perfection: a straw, with a wide brim turned up on one
side, and trimmed with a twist of tulle. She carried a summer jacket
on her arm, and a sunshade. Odile walked quickly, with her head
slightly bent, as those walk who are not interested in the road, or
who are either praying or dreaming. When she came near Jean, who was
on the right of the portico, she looked up, and said without

"The woman who came with me is resting. Here I am!"

"It is good of you to have trusted me!" said Jean. "Come, Odile!"

He followed, close to her, the avenue planted with sorry trees
distorted by the winter winds. He was so much affected by the
realisation of his dream that he could only think and speak of one
thing: his gratitude to Odile, who was absolutely silent, only
listening to what he did not say--and as full of emotion as he was.

They left the road at the place where it begins to slope downwards,
and took a path through the forest of lofty pines in serried ranks
which leads round the convent. There was no one there, and Jean saw
that Odile's eyes of the colour of ripe corn, eyes deep and serious,
were turned towards him. There was no sound in the wood save that
from the drops of moisture falling from the leaves. They were quite
close to each other.

"I asked you to come," said Jean, "so that you should decide what my
life is to be. You were the love of my early youth. I want you to be
my love always!"

Odile's look was far away, lost in the distance. She trembled
slightly, and said:

"Have you thought?"

"Of everything!"

"Even of that which may separate us?"

"What do you mean by that? What are you afraid of? Of entering a
disunited family?"


"You would bring them together, I am sure of it. You would be its
joy and peace. What do you fear--my father's or your father's
opposition because they are now enemies?"

"That could be got over," said the young girl.

"Then it is because your mother detests me," said Jean hastily. "She
does hate me, does she not? The other day she was so stiff to me, so

The fair head made a sign of denial.

"She will be slower in believing in you than my father was, slower
than I was myself. But when she sees that your education has not
changed your mind towards Alsace she will overcome her prejudices."

After a moment's silence Odile said:

"I do not think I am making any mistake. To-day's difficulties can
be brushed on one side by you or by me, or by both of us. I am only
afraid of what I do not know, the least thing which to-morrow might
aggravate such a disturbed state----"

"I understand," said Jean, "you are afraid of my father's ambition?"


"We have already suffered much from that. But he is my father. He is
set on keeping me here; he says it every day. When he knows that I
have chosen you, Odile, if he has personal projects which would
prevent our marriage, he will at least put them off. Do not have any
fear; we shall win!"

"We shall win!" she repeated.

"I am sure of it, Odile. You will make my life, Odile, which will be
difficult, perhaps impossible, if you were not there. It was for you
that I came back to the country. If I tell you that I have travelled
much, and found no woman who had the charm for me that you have, or
who made the same impression on me--how shall I tell you? The
impression of a mountain stream so fresh and deep! Every time I
think of my future marriage your image comes before my eyes. I love
you, Odile!"

He took Odile's hand, and she answered, lifting her eyes to the
light coming from above the trees.

"God is my witness that I love you, too!"

She thrilled with joy, and Jean felt her hand tremble.

"Yes," said Jean; and he tried to look into her eyes, which were
still fixed on the distance.

"We shall overcome everything. We shall overcome the numerous
obstacles arising from this terrible subject: that is all that is
between us."

"Yes; it is the one and only question in this part of the world."

"It poisons everything!"

She stopped, and turned her radiant face full of love to him--of
that beautiful and proud love which he had longed to know and to

"Say rather that it makes everything greater. Our quarrels here are
not village quarrels--we are either for or against a country. We are
obliged to have courage every day, to make enemies every day, every
day to break with old friends who would willingly have remained
faithful to us, but who are not faithful to Alsace. No action of our
lives is indifferent; there is no action that is not an affirmation.
I assure you, Jean, there is nobleness in that."

"That is true, Odile, my beloved."

They stopped to enjoy that delicious word to the full. Their souls
were in their eyes, and they looked at each other tremblingly. In
low tones, although there were no onlookers other than the pines
swayed by the wind, they spoke of the future as of a battle already

"Lucienne will be on my side," said Jean. "I shall entrust my secret
to her when occasion occurs. She will help me, and I count on her."

"I count on my father," said Odile; "for he is already well disposed
towards you. But take care not to do anything that would annoy him.
Do not try to see me at Alsheim. Do not try to hurry on the time."

"That glorious time when you will be mine!"

They smiled at each other for the first time.

"I love you so dearly," continued Jean, "that I shall not ask you
for the kiss that you would no doubt give me--I have no right to it.
We do not entirely depend on ourselves, Odile. And then it pleases
me to show you how sacred you are to me. Tell me at least that I
shall take away with me a little of your soul?"

The lips so near his murmured "Yes!" And almost immediately:

"Do you hear down there? Is that the first Easter bell?"

They turned together towards the side where the wood sloped

"No; it must be the wind in the trees."

"Come," said she: "the bells are going to ring. And if I were not
seen up there when they rang, old Rose would speak of it...."

Hardly saying a word, she led him to the base of the rock. There
they separated to go back to the Abbey by two different paths.

"I shall find you again on the terrace," said Odile.

The daylight was growing blue in the hollows. That was the hour when
waiting for the night does not seem long, and the morrow already
dawns in the dreaming mind.

In a few minutes Jean had crossed the yard, followed the corridors
of the convent, and opened a door leading to the garden in a sharp
angle at the east of the buildings. There it was that all the
pilgrims to Sainte Odile met to see Alsace when the weather was
clear. A wall, high enough to lean on, runs along the top of an
enormous block of rock, advancing like a spur above the forest. It
overlooks the pines which cover the slopes everywhere. From the
extreme point shut in, like the lantern of a lighthouse, one can see
to the right quite a group of mountains, and in front and to the
left the plain of Alsace. At this moment the fog was divided into
two parts, for the sun was shining on the peaks of the Vosges. All
the cloudy mist which did not reach that waving line of peaks, was
grey and wan; but just above, almost horizontal rays pierced the
mist and coloured it, giving to the second half of the landscape a
look of brightness like luminous foam. And this separation showed
with what quickness the mist came up from the valley towards the
departing sun. The fleecy clouds intermingling, were wafted into the
illumined space, were irradiated, showing thus their incessantly
changing shapes, and the strength of the motion impelling them, as
if the light had summoned their columns to greater heights.

There was at the entrance of this narrow place, arranged for
pilgrims and visitors, an old man wearing the costume of the old
Alsatians to the north of Strasburg; near him the priest with grey
curly hair whom the children had greeted in the morning on the slope
of Sainte Odile; a step or two farther on were the young Weissenburg
peasants, and at the narrowest spot, squeezed close together on the
wall, were the two students who might have been taken for brothers
on account of their protruding lips and their beards divided in the
middle, one fair, the other chestnut coloured. Both were Alsatians.
They exchanged everyday remarks, as is usual among people who do not
know each other. When they saw Jean Oberlé they turned round, and
they felt themselves suddenly united by a common bond of race which
becomes stronger in the face of a common danger.

"Is he a German--that one there?" asked a voice.

The old man who was near the priest cast a glance in the direction
of the garden and answered:

"No; he wears his moustache in the French fashion and he looks like
one of us."

"I saw him walking with Mademoiselle Odile Bastian, of Alsheim,"
said the young woman.

The group was reassured, and more so when Jean greeted the priest in
Alsatian and asked:

"Are the bells of Alsace late?"

They all smiled, not because of what he had said, but because they
felt at home among themselves without an inconvenient witness.

Odile came in her turn and leaned against a wall on the right of the
first group. Jean took up a similar position on the other side of
the group. They were suffering from loving so much, from having said
it, and from only being sure of themselves.

The bells were not late. Their voices were encircled and enclosed by
the rising mists. Suddenly they escaped from the cloudy masses, and
it seemed as if each separate morsel of fog burst like a bubble on
touching the wall and poured out on the summit of the sacred
mountain all the harmony of the pealing bells. "Easter! Easter! The
Lord is risen! He has changed the world and delivered men! The
heavens are opened!" So sang the bells of Alsace. They were ringing
from the foot of the mountain, and from the distance, and from far,
far away, voices of the little bells, and voices of the great bells
of cathedrals; voices which never ceased and from peal to peal were
prolonged in re-echoing reverberations; voices that passed away
lightly, intermittently, delicately, like a shuttle in a loom; a
prodigious choir, whose singers were never visible to each other;
cries of joy from a whole population of churches, songs of the
spring eternal, which rose up from the depths of the misty plain and
mounted to the summit of Sainte Odile to blend into one harmonious

The grandeur of this concert of pealing bells silenced the few folk
gathered together up there. The very air prayed. Souls thought of
the risen Christ. Several thought of Alsace.

"There is some blue sky," said a voice.

"Some blue up there," repeated a woman's voice, as if in a dream.

They scarcely heard it, in the roar of sounds which rose from the
valley. Yet all eyes were raised at once. They saw in the sky,
amidst the masses of fog fleeing before the assailing sun, blue
depths opening and opening with bewildering rapidity. And when they
again looked downwards they perceived that the cloud of mist also
was tearing itself to pieces on the slopes. It was the clearing up.
Parts of the forest slipped, as it were, into the divisions made in
the moving fog; then others; then black crevasses, the thickets, and
rocks; then of a sudden the last rags of mist, drawn, thin,
contorted, lamentable, went up in whirling masses, brushed against
the terrace, and disappeared above. And the plain of Alsace appeared
all blue and gold.

One of those who saw it cried out:

"How beautiful!"

All leaned forward to see in the opening of the mountain the plain
growing lighter and lighter as far as eye could see.

All these Alsatian souls were touched. Three hundred villages of
their own country lay below them scattered about amidst the young
green of the cornfields. They were sleeping to the sound of the
bells. Each was only a rose-red spot. The river, near the horizon,
showed like a bar of dusky silver. And beyond rose stretches of
country, whose shape was vanishing rapidly in the fogs which still
hung above the Rhine. Quite near by, following the slope of the fir
plantations, one saw, on the contrary, the smallest details of the
forest of Sainte Odile. Several points of dark green jutted out into
the valley and mixed with the pale green of the meadows. All was lit
up by reflection from a sky full of rays of light. No bright spot
attracted the eye. As the bells had united their voices, so the
varying shades of the earth had melted into a harmonious unity. The
old Alsatian, who kept his place at the side of the priest,
stretched his arms, and said:

"I hear the cathedral bells."

He pointed, away in the distance over the flat country, to the
celebrated spire of Strasburg, which looked like an amethyst the
size of a thumbnail. Now that they could see the rose-red of
villages, they imagined they could recognise the sound of the bells.

A voice said: "I recognise the sound of the bells of the Abbey of
Marmoutier. How well they chime!"

"I," said another, "I hear the bells of Obernai!"

"And I the bells of Heiligenstein."

The peasant, who came from the neighbourhood of Weissenburg, also

"We are too far off to hear what the bells of Saint George of
Haguenau are ringing. However, listen, listen; there--now."

The old Alsatian repeated seriously:

"I hear the cathedral!" and he added: "Look up there again!"

They could all see that the clouds had ascended to the regions of
the sunbeams. The cloud, shapeless at the base of the mountain, had
spread across the sky, and was like sheaves of gladioli thrown above
the Vosges and the plain: some red, like blood, some quite pale, and
some like molten gold. And all those witnesses looking up from
between the two abysses, their gaze having followed the long light
line, remarked that it lit up the earth with its reflection, and
that the distant houses of the capital and the spire of the
cathedral stood out in a tawny light from the thickening shadow.

"That is like what I saw on the night of August the 23rd, 1870,"
said the old Alsatian. "I was just here----"

They, even the very young ones, had heard this date frequently
spoken of. Their looks were fixed more steadily on the little spire,
whence came still a little shining light and the sound of the
resurrection bells.

"I was here with the women and girls from yonder villages, who had
come up here because the noise of the cannons had redoubled. We
heard the cannons as we now hear the bells. The bombs burst like
rockets. Our women were weeping here where you stand. That was the
night when the library caught fire, that the new church caught fire,
and the picture gallery, and ten houses in Broglie. Then a
yellow-and-red smoke rose, and the clouds looked like these we now
see. Strasburg was burning. They had fired one hundred and
ninety-three shells against the city.

One of the students, the younger one, shook his fist.

"Down with them!" muttered the other.

The peasant took his cap off and kept it under his arm, without
saying a word.

The bells were still ringing, but not so many of them. They could no
longer hear the bells of Obernai, nor of Saint Nabor, nor some of
the others they thought they had heard. They were like lights going
out. Night was coming.

Jean saw that the two women were almost weeping, and that every one
was silent.

"Please say one prayer for Alsace," he said to the priest, "while
the bells are still ringing for the resurrection."

"Right! that's right, my boy!" said the old peasant standing by the
priest; "you belong to the country!"

The heavy, weary face of the priest brightened at the same time. His
voice, which was slightly broken, was not steady. An old and
enduring sorrow, yet always new, spoke through his lips, and while
they were all looking, as he was himself, towards Strasburg, the
city which night was hiding, he prayed:

"My God, here, now we can see from your Sainte Odile nearly all the
beloved land, our towns, our villages, and our fields. But some of
our land lies also on the other side of the mountains, and yet that
is also our country. You permitted us to be separated. My heart
breaks to think of it. For on the other side of the mountains is the
nation we love, and which you still love. It is the oldest of the
Christian nations; it is the nearest to Godlike things. It has more
angels in its skies because it has more churches and chapels on
earth, more holy tombs to defend, more sacred dust mixed with its
fields, with its grass, with the waters which permeate the land and
nourish it. Oh God, we have suffered in our bodies, in our goods; we
still suffer in our memories. Nevertheless, make our memories last.
Grant that France also will not forget. Make her more worthy to lead
nations. Give her back her lost sister, who may also return. Amen!"

"As the Easter bells return."

"Amen!" said the voices of two men.

"Amen! Amen!"

The others wept in silence. There was only the hollow sound of one
single bell in the cold air that came up from the depths. The
ringers had left the towers, already lost in the shadow that covered
the plain.

Above the high platform in the garden the darkened clouds, flying to
the west, left a border of purple on the crest of the mountains.
Stars came out, in the black depths of the night, as the first
primroses were coming out, at the same time under the pines. Only
three persons were left on the terrace. The others had gone when the
secret of their Alsatian souls had been revealed.

The old priest, seeing before him two young people close to each
other, and Odile's head near Jean's shoulder, asked:


"Alas!" answered Jean. "Wish that it may become true."

"I do wish it. What you just said is right. I wish that you, who are
young, may see Alsace once more French."

He went away.

"Good-bye," said Odile quickly, "Good-bye, Jean!"

She held out her hand, and went away without turning to look back.
Jean remained near the terrace wall.

The night birds--owls, sea-eagles, eagle-owls, and horned
owls--mingling their cries, flew from wood to wood. For a quarter of
an hour, the time of their passage, which they made in sweeping
flights, their calls resounded over the mountain sides. Then
complete silence settled down. Peace arose with the perfumes of the
sleeping forests.



At the beginning of the rue de Zurich, facing the Quay des
Bateliers, one of the relics of old Strasburg, there is a narrow
house, much lower than its neighbours, with a roof of two stories
like a Chinese pagoda. The front, formerly adorned with the pattern
of its painted beams, is now covered with whitewash, on which is
this inscription:


This wine-shop, whose exterior has nothing about it to arouse the
curiosity of the passer-by, is not a nondescript place, nor is it an
ordinary public-house. The place is historical. The inhabitants of
Zurich came here in 1576, or, at least, the best shots among them,
to take part in the grand shooting competition to which Strasburg
had summoned the Empire and the confederated States. They had
brought with them a pot of boiled millet, and scarcely were they out
of the boat than they made the Strasburg people understand that the
pudding was still warm.

"We could easily come to your aid, neighbours," they said; "by the
Rhine and the Ill, the distance between our cities is very short."
The word given in 1576 was kept in 1870, as is testified to by an
engraved inscription just near by on the Zurich Fountain. At the
moment when besieged Strasburg was in the most distressed condition
the people of Zurich intervened, and obtained from General Werder
permission to allow the old men and children to leave the city. This
house was noted for something else--thanks to the Southerner who in
1860 established a shop there for wines of the South.

Jean, called Carolis, bore a remarkable resemblance to Gambetta. He
knew him, and copied his gestures and his clothes, the cut of his
beard, and the sound of his voice. His trade was fairly flourishing
before the war, but he became prosperous in the years that followed.
And a certain number of German officers got into the habit of coming
there to drink the black wines of Narbonne, Cette, and Montpellier.

One morning towards the end of April, Jean Oberlé, who was going to
see the Chief of the Administration of Forests, whom he had long
promised to visit, was passing along the quay, when a woman of about
forty, clothed in black, evidently an Alsatian, came out of the
café, crossed the road, and, apologising, said:

"Pardon me, monsieur, but will you kindly come in? One of your
friends is asking for you."

"Who is it?" asked Jean, astonished.

"The youngest officer there."

She pointed with her finger to the confused mass of shadow moving
under the lowered linen blind, and which he saw to be the inside of
the room with its groups of customers.

Jean, after hesitating for a moment, followed her, and was
surprised--for not belonging to Strasburg, he was ignorant of the
reputation and also of the customers of this wine-shop--at finding
there six officers, three of whom were Hussars, seated at tables
covered with red and blue check cloths, talking loudly, smoking, and
drinking Carolis wine.

The first glance he gave, on coming from the light into the
semi-darkness, showed him that the room was small--there were only
four tables--and decorated with allegorical pictures in the German
style; he saw a monkey, a cat, a pack of cards, a packet of
cigarettes, but above all there was a semi-circular mirror filling a
recess in the left wall and round which hung framed photographs of
the present or past habitués of the house. Jean looked again to see
who could have sent for him, when a very young cavalryman got up.
This simple movement displayed the beauty of his slender form in its
sky-blue tunic with gold lace. He rose from the back of the room to
the left. Near him, and round the same table, a captain and a
commandant remained seated.

The three officers must have returned from a long march; they were
covered with dust, their foreheads were wet with perspiration, their
features were drawn, and the veins stood out on their temples. The
youngest had even brought back from this country ride a branch of
hawthorn, which he had slipped under his flat epaulet, on the side
near the heart.

The Alsatian recognised Lieutenant Wilhelm von Farnow, a Prussian,
three years older than himself, whom he had met before during his
first year's law course in Munich, where Farnow was then
sub-lieutenant in a regiment of Bavarian Uhlans. Since then he had
not seen him. He only knew that in consequence of an altercation
between Bavarian and Prussian officers in the regimental casino,
some of the officers implicated had been removed, and that his old
comrade was among their number.

No; doubt was not possible. It was Farnow, with the same elegant,
haughty way of offering his hand, the same fair, beardless face, too
thick-set and too flat, with thick lips, an impertinent little nose,
slightly turned up, and fine eyes of steel-blue--a hard blue where
dwelt the pride of youth, of command, of a bold and disputatious
temper. His body gave promise of developing into that of a solid
and massive cuirassier later on. But at present he was still thin,
and so well-proportioned, so agile, so evidently inured to warlike
exercises, so vigorous, there was such disciplined precision in all
his movements, that de Farnow, although he had not a handsome face,
had gained a reputation for good looks, so much so that in Munich
one would call him sometimes "Beauty" Farnow, and sometimes "Death's
Head" Farnow. With reddish moustaches, bushy brows, and a helmet
accentuating the shadow over his eyes, he would have been
terrifying. But, though scarcely twenty-seven, he gave the
impression of a warlike being, violent, conqueror of himself,
disciplined even to his acquired and perfectly polished manners.

Jean Oberlé remarked that when he rose Farnow spoke to the
commandant, his immediate neighbour, a robust soldier with slow,
sure eyes. He was explaining something, and the other approved, with
an inclination of his head, at the moment when the lieutenant made
the introduction.

"Will the commandant permit me to present to him my comrade, Jean
Oberlé, son of the factory owner of Alsheim?"

"Certainly, sir. An intelligent Alsatian--very well known."

Jean's introduction to the captain, a man still young, with straight
features, evidently cultured, and no less evidently of a haughty
temper, led to the same flattering expressions regarding the factory
owner at Alsheim: "Yes, truly Monsieur Oberlé is well known--an
enlightened mind. I have had the pleasure of seeing him--kindly
remember me to him."

Jean felt humiliated by the marked attentions of these two officers.
He had the impression that he was the object of exceptional
attention, he, a civilian, a citizen; he, an Alsatian; he, who from
every point of view should have been looked upon by these lofty
personages as their inferior. "What my father has done then is of
great importance," he thought, "that they should requite him in this
fashion. Neither his fortune, nor his style of living, nor his
conversation, can justify this. He does not live at Strasburg, nor
has he filled any office."

A sign from the commandant almost at once put an end to the awkward
situation, and gave the young men liberty to go and sit at the table
farthest away from the window at the back of the room.

"It is quite by chance that you meet me here," said Farnow, in a
slightly sarcastic tone, which revealed the pride of the Prussian

"My regiment is hardly ever here--it is mostly infantry officers who
come here.... I generally go to the 'Germania'--but we have just
been reconnoitring, as you see, and my commandant was very hot....
You will pardon me, my dear Oberlé, for having sent for you."

"On the contrary, it was very friendly. You could hardly leave your

"And I wanted to renew my acquaintance with you. I have not seen you
for so long, not since Munich days. You had just gone past the
corner of the house over there, when I said to the servant, 'That is
one of my friends! Run and fetch M. Oberlé here!'"

"And truly, you see me very happy, Farnow."

The two young men looked at each other with the curiosity of two
beings who try to fill in the unknown years. "What sort of a life
has he led? What does he think of me? How far can I trust him?"

"I fancy," said Farnow, "that you have arrived quite recently?"

"Just so; I came at the end of February."

"They told me that you were going to commence your military service
in October in the Hussars."

"That is true."

"Do you know, Oberlé, that I had the honour of meeting your father
in society last winter? I asked to be introduced."

"Excuse me, I am still such a new-comer...."

Conversation languished at this moment at Carolis, and Jean noticed
that the two blue tunics had turned towards him, and that the
commandant and the captain were both examining the face of the
future volunteer.

They finished drinking the wine like Bordeaux they had ordered in a
sealed bottle.

"I should much like to see more of you," said Farnow, lowering his
voice. "I hope we shall be able to meet."

"Do you know Alsheim?"

"Yes; I've been through it several times during manoeuvres."

The lieutenant was visibly trying to find out how far he could go.

He was in an annexed country; many incidents of daily life had
taught him that. He did not care about renewing the experience. He
was feeling his way. Should he promise a call? He did not know yet.
And this uncertainty, so contrary to his energetic nature; this
caution, so wounding to his pride--made him hold up his head as if
he were going to pick up a challenge.

Jean, on his side, was disturbed. This simple thing, the receiving a
former comrade, seemed to him now a delicate problem to solve.
Personally he should have inclined towards the affirmative. But
neither Madame Oberlé nor the grandfather would admit any exception
to the rule so strictly kept up to now--that no Germans, except
quick and commonplace business men, should be admitted to the house
of the old protesting deputy. They would never consent. But it was
hard for Jean to show himself less tolerant in Strasburg than he had
been in Munich, and at the first meeting on Alsatian ground to
offend the young officer who had come to him with hand outstretched.
He tried at least to put a note of cordiality into his answer:

"I will come and see you, dear Farnow, with pleasure."

The German understood, frowned, and was silent. Evidently others had
refused even to visit him. He did not meet in Oberlé that systematic
and complete hostility. His anger did not last, or he did not show
it. He reached out his slender hand, the wrist of which looked like
a bundle of steel threads covered with skin, and with the tips of
his fingers he touched the hilt of his sword, which had not left his

"I shall be charmed," he said at last.

He ordered a bottle of Burgundy, and having filled Jean's glass and
his own, drank.

"To your return to Alsheim!" he said.

Then, drinking it in a draught, he placed the glass upon the table.

"I am really very pleased to see you again. I live pretty well
alone, and you know my tastes outside my profession, which I adore,
above which I place nothing whatever, nothing if it be not God, who
is the great judge of it. I love hunting best--I think man is made
to move in large spaces, to strengthen his power and his dominion
over the beasts, when he has not the occasion to do it over his
kind. For me there is no pleasure to equal it. Apropos of this, it
seems that M. Oberlé has been ousted from his hunting rights?"

"Yes," said Jean; "he has given them up almost entirely----"

"Would you like to have a turn at my place? I have rented some
shooting near Haguenau, half wood and half plain; I have roebuck
which come from the forest--the ancient Sacred Forest; I have hares
and pheasants, and snipe at the time of passage; and if you like
glowworms, I have some who fly under the pine-trees and shine like
the lances of my Hussars."

The conversation ran on for a while on this subject. Then Farnow
finished the bottle of Carolis wine with Jean, and lifting the
hawthorn which beflowered his epaulet and letting it drop to the
ground, said:

"If you will allow me, Oberlé, I will go some way with you. What
direction do you take?"

"Towards the University!"

"That is my way."

The two young men got up together. They were nearly of the same
height and figure; both were of an energetic type, although
different in expression--Oberlé, careful to relax all that was too
serious in his face when at rest; Farnow exaggerating the harshness
of his whole personality. The young lieutenant drew down his tunic
to take out the creases, took from a chair his flat cap decorated in
front with a cockade of the Prussian colours, and walking first with
a studied stiffness, half turned towards the table where the
commandant and the captain were sitting, saluted them with an almost
invisible and several times repeated inclination of the body. The
respectful good-fellowship of a short time ago was not now in place.
The two chiefs from habit inspected this lieutenant leaving Carolis.
Gentlemen themselves, very jealous of the honour of their corps,
having learned by heart all the articles of the code of the perfect
officer, they interested themselves in all that had to do with the
conduct, the attitude, the dress, and the speech of a subordinate,
who is the object of public criticism. The examination must have
been favourable to Farnow. With a friendly and protective movement
of his hand, the commandant dismissed him.

As soon as they were in the street Farnow asked:

"Well, they were perfect, were they not?"


"How you say that? Did you not find them kindly? You ought to see
them in the service."

"On the contrary," interrupted Jean, "they were too amiable. I see
every day more and more that my father must have humiliated himself
very much to be so honoured in high places. And that wounds me,

The other looked serious, and said:

"_Franzosenkopf!_ What a strange character this nation has--who
cannot accept their position as the conquered, and think themselves
dishonoured if Germans make advances to them!"

"It is because they do nothing gratuitously," said Oberlé.

Farnow was not displeased at the word. It seemed to him a kind of
homage to the hard, utilitarian temperamant of his race. Besides,
the young lieutenant would not enter into a discussion where he knew
that friendships ran the risk of being spoilt. He greeted a young
woman, who came towards him, and followed her with his eyes.

"That is the wife of Captain von Holtzberg. Pretty, isn't she?"

Then pointing to the left, beyond the bridge to the quarters of the
old city, illumined by the vaporous light of this spring morning, he
added, as if the two thoughts were united naturally in his mind:

"I like this old-world Strasburg. How feudal it is!"

Above the river, whose waters were soiled by works and sewers, rose
the long sloping roofs, with their high dormer windows, the tiles of
all shades of red--the mediæval purple of Strasburg, mended,
patched, and spotted, and washed, violet in places, nearly yellow in
others adjoining, rose-colour on certain slopes, orange-coloured in
some lights, royally beautiful everywhere and stretched out like a
marvellous Eastern carpet of soft faded silks round the cathedral.
The cathedral itself, built in red stone, viewed from this point,
seemed to have been, and still to be, the pattern which had decided
the colour of all the rest; it was the ornament, the glory, and the
centre of all. A stork, with open wings, cleaving the air with wide
strokes, as an oarsman cleaves water, his feet horizontally
prolonging his body and acting as rudder, his bill a little raised
like a prow, an heraldic bird, was flying through the blue, faithful
to Strasburg, like all its ancient race, protected, sacred like the
place, and always returning to the same nests above the same chimney

Jean and Farnow saw it inclining towards the cathedral spire, and
seen from behind, foreshortened, it looked like some bird beating
the air with its bow of feathers, and then it disappeared.

"These are the inhabitants," said Farnow, "whom neither the smoke of
our factories, nor the tramways, nor the railways, nor the new
palaces, nor the new order of things can astonish."

"They have always been German," said Jean with a smile. "The storks
have always worn your colours--white belly, red bill, black wings."

"So they have," said the officer, laughing.

He went on his way along the quays, and almost immediately stopped
laughing. Before him, coming from the direction of the new part of
the town, an artillery soldier was leading two horses, or rather he
was being led by them. He was drunk. Walking between the two brown
horses, holding the reins in his raised hands, he went on stumbling,
knocking against the shoulder of one or the other of the beasts, and
to save himself from falling, dragged from time to time at one of
them, which resisted and moved away.

"What is this?" growled Farnow--"a drunken soldier at this time of

"A little too much malt spirit," said Oberlé. "He is not merry in

Farnow did not answer. Frowning, he watched the man who was
approaching, and who was only about ten yards away.

At this distance, according to regimental rules, the man ought to
have walked in step and turned his head in the direction of his
superior officer. Not only had he forgotten all his instruction and
continued to roll painfully between the horses; but at the moment
when he had to pass Farnow he murmured something, no doubt an

That was too much. The lieutenant's shoulders shook with anger for a
moment, and then he marched straight to the soldier, whose
frightened horses backed. The officer felt humiliated for Germany.

"Halt!" he cried. "Stand straight!"

The soldier looked at him, stupefied, made an effort, and succeeded
in standing still and nearly erect.

"Your name?"

The soldier told his name.

"You will have your punishment at the barracks, you brute! But in
expectation of better things, take this on account, for dishonouring
the uniform as you have!"

Saying this, he stretched his right arm out at full length, and with
his gloved hand, hard as steel, he hit the man on the face. The
blood ran out at the corner of his mouth; he squared his shoulders;
he drew up his arms as if about to box. The soldier must have been
terribly tempted to retaliate. Jean saw the wandering eyes of the
drunkard when he was thus thrust backwards, turn right round in
their sockets with pain and rage. Then they looked down on the
pavement, overcome by a confused and terrifying remembrance of the
power of the officer.

"Now march!" cried Farnow. "And do not stumble!"

He was in the middle of the quay--erect, booted, a head higher than
his victim, as it were surrounded by sunlight, with flashing eyes,
the lower lids and the corners of his lips wrinkled by anger; and
those who called him "Death's Head" must have caught a glimpse of
him like that.

The loafers who had hurried up to witness the scene and formed a
circle, stood aside at the order of the lieutenant, and let the
soldier pass through, who was trying not to pull the reins too hard.
Then, as a certain number of them remained gathered together, either
silent or merely muttering their opinion, Farnow, turning on his
heels and crossing his arms, looked at them one after the other. The
little bank clerk went by first, adjusting his eyeglasses; then the
milk-woman with her copper pot on her hip passed on by herself,
shrugged her shoulders, ogling Farnow; then the butcher who had come
from the neighbouring shop; then two boatmen who tried to look as if
they did not care, although both had flushed faces; then the urchins
who at first wanted to cry, and who now nudged each other and went
off laughing. The officer drew near to his companion, who had
remained on the left near the canal.

"I think you went a little too far," said Oberlé. "What you have
just done is forbidden by the Emperor's express orders. You risk a

"That is the only way to treat those brutes!" said Farnow, his eyes
still blazing. "Besides, believe me, he has already passed on my
blow to his horses, and to-morrow he will have forgotten all about

The two young men walked side by side to the University gardens,
without speaking to each other, thinking over what had just
happened. Farnow put on a new pair of gloves to replace the others,
probably soiled by the soldier's cheek. He bent towards Jean,
saying gravely and with evident conviction:

"You were very young when I met you, my dear fellow. We shall have
to tell each other a few things before we shall know exactly our
respective opinions on many points.

"But I am astonished that you have not yet perceived, you who have
stayed so long in all the German provinces, that we were born to
conquer the world, and that conquerors are never gentle men, nor
ever perfectly just."

He added, after a few steps:

"I should be vexed if I have hurt your feelings, Oberlé; but I
cannot hide from you that I do not regret what I did. Only
understand that behind my anger there is discipline, the inviolable
prestige and dignity of the army of which I am a unit. Do not report
the incident to your people, dear fellow, without also adding the
excuse _for_ it. That would mean to betray a friend. Well,

He held out his hand. His blue eyes lost for the moment something of
their haughty indifference.

"Good-bye, Oberlé! Here is the door of your Clerk of the Forests."



Jean came back in fairly good time to the Strasburg station and took
the train to Obernai, where he had left his bicycle. While going
from Obernai to Alsheim he saw in the meadows through which the
Dachs ran, near Bernhardsweiler, a second stork--motionless on one

This was the first thing he told Lucienne, whom he met under the
trees in the park. She was reading, and wore a grey linen dress with
lace on the bodice. When she heard the noise of the bicycle on the
gravel she lifted her intelligent eyes, smiling.

"My dear, how I have missed you. What in the world makes you go away
so constantly?"

"I make discoveries, dear sister. First, I have seen two storks,
arriving on the sacred day--April 23--punctual as lawyers."

A slight pout of her red lips showed that the news did not interest
her much.


"I spent three hours in the offices of the Forest Conservators,
where I learned that----"

"You can tell all that to father," she interrupted. "I see so much
wood here, living and dead, that I have no wish to occupy my mind
with it unnecessarily. Tell me some Strasburg news, or about some
costumes, or some conversation you had with some one in society."

"That is true," said the young man, laughing. "I did meet some one."


"Yes; an old acquaintance of Munich, a lieutenant in the Hussars."

"Lieutenant von Farnow?"

"Yes, the very man--Lieutenant Wilhelm von Farnow, lieutenant in the
9th Rhenish Hussars. What is the matter?"

They were halfway down the avenue, hidden by a clump of shrubs.
Lucienne, bold and provoking as ever, crossed her arms and said, in
a quieter tone of voice:

"Only this--he loves me."


"And I love him!"

Jean stepped away from his sister in order to see her better.

"It is not possible!"

"And why not?"

"Why, Lucienne, because he is a German, an officer--a Prussian!"

There was silence; the blow had struck home. Jean, quite pale, went

"You must also know that he is a Protestant."

She flung her book on the seat and, holding up her head, quivering
all over at the protest:

"Do you imagine I have not thought it all over? I know all you can
possibly say. I know that the people in the midst of whom we live in
Alsace here, intolerant and narrow-minded as they are, will not
hesitate to say what they think on the subject. Yes; they will make
a fuss, they will blame me and pity me and try to make me give way.
And you; are you not beginning the game? But I warn you that
arguments are quite useless--all your arguments. I love him. It is
not to be done, it _is_ done. I have only one wish, and that is to
know if you are on my side or against me. For I shall not alter my

"Oh, my God! my God!" cried Jean, hiding his face in his hands.

"I never thought it could hurt you so much. I do not understand. Do
you share their stupid hatred? Tell me. I am putting a strong
control on my feelings that I may talk to you. Tell me then. Speak.
You are paler than I am--I, whom this alone concerns."

She caught hold of his hands and uncovered his face. And Jean gazed
at her strangely for a moment as do those whose look does not as yet
correspond with their thoughts.

Then he said:

"You are mistaken; we are both concerned, Lucienne!"


"We are one against the other, because I, too, must tell you that I
love--I love Odile Bastian!"

She was terrified at what she foresaw in connection with this name;
she was touched at the same time because the argument had reference
to love, and was a confidence. Her irritation passed at once. She
put her head on her brother's shoulder. The curls of her fair hair
intermixed with auburn lay ruffled and disordered against Jean's

"Poor, dear Jean," she murmured. "Fate pursues us. Odile Bastian and
the other. Two love affairs which exclude each other! Oh! my poor
dear, it is the drama of our family perpetuating itself through us!"
She straightened herself, thinking she heard a step, and taking her
brother's arm went on nervously: "We cannot talk here, but we must
talk about other than merely surface things. If father suddenly came
across us, or mamma, who is working in the drawing-room at heaven
knows what everlasting piece of embroidery. Ah, my dear, when I
think that only a few steps away from her we are exchanging such
secrets as these, which she little suspects! But first we must think
of ourselves, must we not? Ourselves...!" For a moment she thought
of returning to the house, and of going up to her room with Jean.
Then she decided on a better place of refuge. "Come into the fields,
there no one will disturb us."

Arm-in-arm, hastening their steps, speaking to each other in low
tones and short sentences, they went through the gate, passed the
end of the enclosure, and to the right of the road, which was higher
than the surrounding land; they went down a sloping path, which
could be seen like a grey ribbon winding its seemingly endless way
through the young corn. Already each of them, after the first moment
of surprise, of dejection, and of real pain caused by the thought of
what the other would suffer, had come back to thoughts of self.

"Perhaps we are wrong to worry ourselves," said Lucienne, entering
the path. "Is it certain that our plans are irreconcilable?"

"Yes. Odile Bastian's mother will never agree to her daughter
becoming the sister-in-law of a German officer."

"And how do you know that this officer would not perhaps prefer
marrying into a family a little less behind the times than ours?"
said Lucienne, hurt. "Your plan may also injure mine."

"Pardon me; I know Farnow--nothing will stop him."

"To tell the truth, I think so too!" said the young girl, looking
up, and blushing with pride.

"He is one of those who are never in the wrong."

"Exactly so."

"You share his ambitions."

"I flatter myself that I do."

"You can rest assured then: he will have no hesitation. The
scruples will come from the Bastian side, who are the souls of

"Ah! if he heard you," said Lucienne, letting go her brother's arm,
"he would fight you."

"What would that prove?"

"That he felt your insult as I felt it myself, Jean. For Lieutenant
von Farnow is a man of honour!"

"Yes, in _his_ way--which is not our way."

"Very good! Very noble!"

"Rather feudal, this nobility of theirs. They have not had the time
to have that of a later date. But after all it does not matter. I am
not in a mood for discussion. I suffer too much. All I wish to say
is that when I ask for Odile's hand I shall be refused. I foresee
it, I am sure of it; and that von Farnow will not understand why,
and if he did understand he would not withdraw, he would never think
of sacrificing himself. In speaking like this, I am not slandering
him. I simply understand him."

They walked on, enveloped in an atmosphere of light and warmth,
which they did not enjoy, between long strips of young corn, smiling
unnoticed around them. In the plain, some labourers seeing them pass
side by side, walking together, envied them. Lucienne could not deny
that her brother's forebodings were reasonable. Yes, it must be so,
judging from what she herself knew of Lieutenant von Farnow and the
Bastians. In any other circumstance she would have pitied her
brother, but personal interest spoke louder than pity. She felt a
kind of disturbed joy when she heard Jean acknowledge his fears. She
felt encouraged _not_ to be generous, because she felt he was
anxious. Not being able to pity him, she at any rate drew near to
him, and talked to him about herself.

"If we had lived together longer, Jean," she said, "you would have
known my ideas on marriage, and I should astonish you less to-day. I
had made up my mind to marry only a very rich man. I dislike the
fear of what to-morrow may bring; I want certainty and to lead...."

"The conditions are fulfilled," said Jean, with bitterness. "Farnow
has a vast property in Silesia. But at the same time he is also
lieutenant in the 9th regiment of Rhenish Hussars!"


"Officer in an army against which your father has fought, your uncle
has fought, and all your relations, every one old enough to carry

"Quite right. And I would not have asked anything better than to
marry an Alsatian. Perhaps I even wished to do so without saying
anything about it. But I did not find what I wished. Nearly all who
had name, fortune, or influence have chosen France; that is to say,
they all left Alsace after the war. They called it patriotism.
Truly, words can serve every use. Who remain? You can easily count
the young people of Alsatian origin belonging to wealthy families,
and who could have aspired to the hand of Lucienne Oberlé."

She went on more excitedly:

"But they did not ask for me; and they will not ask for me, my dear!
That is what you have never understood. They kept away, they and
their parents, because father....

"They have put us and our family under an interdict. I am, in
consequence, one of those they do not marry. Owing to their
intolerance, the narrowness of their conception of life, I am
condemned by them. They call me the 'beautiful Lucienne Oberlé,' but
none of those who like to look at me, and greet me with affected
respect would dare to defy his people and make me his wife. I have
not had to choose; you cannot reproach me on that score. The
situation is such that, willing or not, I shall not be asked in
marriage by an Alsatian. It is not my fault. I knew what I was
doing when I accepted Lieutenant von Farnow!"


"In the sense that I am bound--certainly. During last autumn, but
especially for the last four months, Lieutenant von Farnow has paid
me a great deal of attention."

"Then it was he on horseback, there on the road, the night I


"Was it he who recently came to visit the saw-mills with another

"Yes; but I have met him mostly in society at Strasburg, when father
took me to balls and dinners.--You know that mamma, because of her
poor health--but above all because of her hatred of everything
German--generally avoids accompanying me. I met Lieutenant von
Farnow constantly. He had every chance of talking to me.

"At last, when he came here, just lately, he asked father if I would
allow him to pay me definite attentions. And this very morning,
after lunch, I answered 'Yes.'"

"Then father consents?"


"The others?"

"Know nothing about it. And it will be terrible. Think of it. My
mother, my grandfather, Uncle Ulrich! I hoped for your support,
Jean, to help me overcome all these difficulties, and to help me
also to heal all the wounds I am going to inflict. First of all, von
Farnow must be introduced to mamma, who does not know him. Alsheim
is quite impossible. We have been thinking of a meeting at some
mutual friend's house in Strasburg. But if I have to consider you as
one more enemy, what good is there in my telling you my plans?"

They stood still, Jean reflecting for a moment, as he faced the
plain, which unrolled its strips of barley, and young corn,
intermingling at the edges like the flow and counterflow of running
water. Then, gathering his thoughts together and looking at
Lucienne, who was waiting for his words, with raised face,
suppliant, restless, and ardent.

"You cannot imagine how much I am suffering. You have destroyed all
my joy!"

"My dear, I did not know about your love!"

"And I--I have not the courage to destroy yours...."

Lucienne threw her arms round his neck.

"How generous you are, Jean! How good you are!"

He put her away from him, and said sadly:

"Not so generous as you imagine, Lucienne, for that would be to show
myself very weak. No; I do not approve of your decision. I have no
confidence in your happiness...."

"But at least you will leave me free? You will not go against me?
You will help me against mamma?"

"Yes, since you have gone so far, and since our father has given his
consent, and since our mother's opposition might only cause still
greater unhappiness...."

"You are right, Jean. Greater unhappiness, for father told me

"Yes, I guess. He told you that he would crush all opposition, that
he would leave our mother rather than give in. That is all very
likely. He would do it. I shall not enter into any struggle with
him. Only, I keep my liberty of action with regard to von Farnow."

"What do you mean by that?" she asked quickly.

"I wish," Jean replied, in a tone of authority, in which Lucienne
felt her brother's invincible determination, "I wish to let him
know exactly what I think. I shall find some means of having an
explanation with him. If he persists, after that, in his desire to
marry you, he will make no mistake, at least as to the difference of
feeling and ideas which separate us."

"I do not mind that," answered Lucienne, reassured, and she smiled,
being certain that von Farnow would stand the trial.

She turned towards Alsheim. A cry of victory was on her lips, but
she restrained it. For some time she stood silent, breathing
quickly, and seeking with her eyes and mind what she could say so
that her happiness should not appear an insult to her brother.

Then she shook her head.

"Poor house," she said. "Now that I am going to leave it, it is
becoming dear to me. I am persuaded that later on, when life in the
garrison takes me away from Alsace, I shall have visions of Alsheim.
I shall see it in imagination, just as it stands there."

In the midst of its girdle of orchards were massed together the red
roofs of the village. And both village and trees formed an island
among the corn and April clover. Little birds, gilded by the
sunshine, were flying over Alsheim. The house of the Oberlés at this
distance seemed only to be one of many. There was so much sweetness
in all things that one might have imagined life itself sweet.

Lucienne gave herself up to this appreciation of beauty, which only
came to her as a consequence of her thoughts of love. Again she
heard her own words, "I shall have visions of Alsheim just as it
stands there." Then the undulating line of the Bastians' wood, which
rose like a little blue cloud beyond the farthest gardens, reminded
her of Jean's trouble. She only then realised that he had not
answered her. She was moved, not enough to ask herself if she
should renounce her happiness to make Jean happy, but up to the
point of regretting, with a sort of tender violence, this conflict
between their loves. She would have liked to soothe the pain she had
caused, to comfort it with words, to put it to rest, and not to feel
it so close to her and so alive.

"Jean, my brother Jean," she said, "I will requite you for all you
are doing for me by helping you, by doing my very best for you. Who
knows but by working together we may not be able to solve the

"No; it is beyond your power and mine."

"Odile loves you? Yes, of course she loves you. Then you will be
very strong."

Jean made a movement of weariness.

"Do not try, Lucienne. Let us go back."

"I beseech you. Tell me at least how you came to love her? I can
understand that. We said we would tell each other more than the
names. You have only me to whom you can speak your mind without

She was making herself out to be humble. She was even humiliated by
her secret happiness. She renewed her request, was affectionate, and
found the right words to describe Odile's stately beauty, and Jean

He did it because his need to confide to some one the hope which had
been his--a hope which was still struggling not to die. He told of
the Easter vigil at Sainte Odile and how he had met the young girl
on Maundy Thursday in the cherry avenue. From that, each helping the
other to recall happenings, to fix dates, to find words, they went
back into the past, up to long-ago times when their parents were not
at variance, or at least when the children were ignorant of their
dissensions or did not perceive them, when in the holidays Lucienne,
Odile, and Jean might believe that the two families, united in
intimate friendship, would continue to live as important
land-owners, respected and beloved by the village of Alsheim.

Lucienne did not realise that in calling up these pictures of the
happy past she was not calming her brother's mind. He may have found
pleasure in them for a moment, hoping to get away from the present,
but a comparison was immediately drawn, and his revolt was only the
more profound, arousing all the powers of his being, against his
father, against his sister, against that false pity behind which
Lucienne's incapability of sacrifice was hidden. Soon the young man
gave up answering his sister. Alsheim was getting nearer, and was
now a long outline broken here and there. In the calm evening the
Oberlés' house raised its protecting roof amid the tops of the
trees, still bare. When the park gates, closed each day when the
workmen left, were opened for the two pedestrians, Jean slipped
behind Lucienne, and, making her go on, said, in very low, ironical

"Come, Baroness von Farnow, enter the house of the old protesting
deputy, Philippe Oberlé."

She was going to make a retort, but an energetic footstep scrunched
the gravel, a man turned into the avenue round a gigantic clump of
beeches, and a resonant, imperious voice, which was singing in order
to appear the voice of a happy man without any regrets, cried:

"There you are, my children! What a nice walk you must have had!
From the waterfall by the works I saw you in the corn leaning
towards each other like lovers."

M. Joseph Oberlé questioned the faces of his children, and saw that
Lucienne at least was smiling.

"Did we have things to tell each other?" he went on. "Great secrets,

Lucienne, embarrassed by the nearness of the lodge, and still more
so by the exasperation of her brother, answered quickly:

"Yes; I have spoken to Jean. He has understood. He will not oppose
my wishes."

The father seized his son's hand. "I expected nothing else from him.
I thank you, Jean. I shall not forget that."

In his left hand he took Lucienne's, and, like a happy father
between his two children, he crossed the park by the long, winding
carriage drive.

A woman behind the drawing-room window saw them come, and her
pleasure in looking at this scene was not undiluted. She asked
herself if the father and children had united against her.

"You know, dear Jean," said the father, holding up his head and, as
it were, questioning the front of the château. "You know that I wish
to spare susceptibilities and to prepare solutions, and not to
insist on them until I am forced to do so. We are invited to the

"Ah! is it already settled?"

"Yes, to a dinner, to a fairly large evening party--not too many
people. I think that would be a very good opportunity to present
Lieutenant von Farnow to your mother. I shall only speak of this to
your mother later on. And in order not to bias any of her
impressions--you know how timid she is--so that she does not meet my
look when she talks to this young man, I shall refuse for myself--I
shall confide Lucienne's future to you. All my dream is to make this
dear one happy. Not a word to my father. He will be the last to
learn what does not really concern him but secondarily."

The great empty space by the flight of steps had not seen for a long
time such a united group walk on the well-rolled gravel.

In the drawing-room, keeping herself a little back, trying to make
her mind easy and not succeeding, Madame Oberlé had left off
working. The embroidery was on the floor.

Jean was thinking.

"I shall thus assist at the interview, and I shall take mamma there,
who will suspect nothing. What a part to play to avoid greater
evils! Happily, she will forgive me one day when she knows

       *       *       *       *       *

Late that night, kissing her son, Madame Oberlé said:

"Your father insists upon my accepting the Brausigs' invitation. Are
you going, my darling?"

"Yes, mamma."

"Then I shall also go."



At seven o'clock the guests of the Geheimrath Brausig were gathered
together in the blue drawing-room--with its plush and gilded
wood--which that official had taken with him to the different towns
he had lived in. The Geheimrath was a Saxon of excellent education,
and of amiable though somewhat fawning manners. He seemed always to
bend in any direction in which he was touched. But the frame-work
was solid; and, on the contrary, he was a man whose ideas were
unchangeable. He was tall, ruddy, nearly blind, and wore his hair
long, and his red beard streaked with white, he wore short. He did
not wear spectacles, because his eyes, of a pale agate colour, were
neither shortsighted nor longsighted, but were worn out and almost
dead. He was a great talker. His speciality was to reconcile the
most opposite opinions. In his offices, in his relations with his
inferiors one saw the real basis of his character. Herr Brausig had
an Imperial spirit. He never allowed private people to be in the
right. The words "Public interest" seemed to him to answer all
arguments. In the official world they talked about raising him to
the nobility. He repeated this. His wife was fifty years old, had
the remains of beauty and an imposing figure; she had received the
officials of eight German towns before coming to live in Strasburg.
At her entertainments she gave all her attention to supervising the
servants, and her impatience at the countless annoyances connected
with their service, which she tried to hide, did not allow her to
reply to her neighbours except in sentences absolutely devoid of

The guests formed a mixture of races and professions which one would
not so easily come across in any other German town. There are so
many imported elements in the Strasburg of to-day! They were
fourteen in number, the dining-room could seat sixteen with a little
over two feet of table for each person, such space being an
essential in the eyes of the Geheimrath. He had in his house, around
him--and he dominated them with his sad, insipid head--some
protégés, people recommended to him, or friends gathered together
from various parts of the empire: two Prussian students from the
University of Strasburg, then two young Alsatian artists, two
painters who had been working for a year at the decoration of a
church; these were the unimportant guests, to which we must add the
two Oberlés, brother and sister, and even the mother, who was looked
upon in the official world as a person of limited intellect. The
guests of note were Professor Knäpple, from Mecklenburg, cultured
and studious, whose erudition consisted chiefly of minutiæ, and the
author of an excellent work on the socialism of Plato. He was the
husband of a pretty wife, round and pink, who seemed fairer and
pinker by the side of her dark husband, with his black beard curling
like an Assyrian's. The Professor of Æsthetics, Baron von Fincken
from Baden--who shaved his cheeks and chin, so that the scars gained
in the duels of his student days might be better seen, was of a
slender, nervous build; his head was of the energetic type, his nose
was turned up and showing the cartilage very plainly; ardent,
passionate, and very anti-French, and yet he looked more like a
Frenchman than any one present, except Jean Oberlé. There was no
Madame von Fincken. But there was beautiful Madame Rosenblatt, the
woman who was more envied, sought after, looked up to, than any
other woman in the German society of Strasburg, even in the military
world, because of her beauty and intelligence. She came from Rhenish
Prussia, as did also her husband, the great iron-master, Karl
Rosenblatt, multi-millionaire, a man of sanguine temperament, and at
the same time methodical and silent, and one said that he was bold
and cold and calculating in business.

This party was like all the parties that the Geheimrath gave; there
was no homogeneity. The official himself called that conciliating
the different elements of the country. He also spoke of the "neutral
ground" of his house and of the "open tribunal," for each and every
opinion. But many Alsatians did not trust this eclecticism and this
liberty. Some maintained that Herr Brausig was simply playing a
part, and that whatever was said in his house was always known in
higher spheres.

Madame Oberlé and her children were the last to arrive at the
Geheimrath. The German guests welcomed Lucienne, who was intimate
with them already. They were polite to the mother, because they knew
she only went into Government society under constraint. Wilhelm von
Farnow, introduced by Madame Brausig, who alone knew about the
officer's plans, bowed ceremoniously to the mother and the young
girl, drew himself up erect, stood stiffly, then returned at once to
the group of men standing near the mirror.

A servant announced that dinner was served. There was a movement
among the black coats, and the guests entered the large room,
decorated as at the Oberlés' house with evident predilection. But
the taste was not the same. The vaulted bays with two mullions,
decorated with rose windows in the pointed arch, and filled with
stained-glass, of which at this time only the lead-work was to be
seen; the sideboards with torso pillars with sculptured panels; the
wainscoting rising to the ceiling and ending in little spires; the
ceiling itself divided into numerous sunk panels, and in the carving
of which electric lamps shone like fire blossoms: the whole
decoration recalled to mind Gothic art.

Jean, who came in one of the last in the procession of diners, gave
his arm to pretty Madame Knäpple, who had eyes only for the
wonderfully made and equally wonderfully worn dress of Madame
Rosenblatt. Professor Knäpple's little wife thought she saw that
Jean Oberlé was noticing the same thing. So she said:

"The low neck is indecent. Don't you think so?"

"I find it irreproachable. I think that Madame Rosenblatt must go to
Paris for her dresses."

"Yes; you have guessed rightly," answered the homely little woman.
"When one has such a fortune one has often odd fancies, and but
little patriotism."

The beginning of the meal was rather silent. Little by little the
noise of different conversations rose. They began to drink. M.
Rosenblatt had large bumpers of Rhine wine poured out for him. The
two students in spectacles came back to Wolxheim wine, with as
serious a mien as if it were some difficult passage in the classics.
The voices grew louder. The servants' footsteps could no longer be
heard on the parquet floor. General conversation began as the froth
of intellects had been moved by the light and the wine. Professor
Knäpple, who had a quiet voice, but a manner of pronouncing very
clearly and distinctly, was heard above the hum of conversation,
when he answered his neighbour, Madame Brausig:

"No; I do not understand that one should join the strong because one
is strong. I have always been a liberal."

"You are alluding to the Transvaal perhaps," said the Geheimrath
opposite, with a loud laugh, pleased at having guessed.

"Precisely, Herr Geheimrath. It is not political greatness to crush
small nations."

"You find that extraordinary?"

"No; very ordinary. But I do say there is nothing to boast about in

"Have other nations acted differently?" asked Baron von Fincken.

He turned up his insolent nose. No one carried on the discussion, as
if the argument were unanswerable. And the wave of general talk
rolled on, intermingling and drowning the private conversations of
which it consisted.

Madame Rosenblatt's musical voice broke the hum of talk. She was
saying to little Madame Knäpple, placed on the other side of the

"Yes, madame, I assure you that the question has been discussed.
Everything is possible, madame; however, I should not have thought
that the Municipality of a German town could even discuss such an

"Not so devoid of sense; don't you think so, Professor, you who
lecture on æsthetics?"

Professor von Fincken, seated at the right hand of the beautiful
Madame Rosenblatt, turned towards her, looked into the depths of her
eyes, which remained like an unrippled lake, and said:

"What is it about, madame?"

"I told Madame Knäpple that in the Municipal Council the question
had been raised of sending the Gobelin Tapestries which the town
possesses, to Paris to be mended."

"That is right, madame, the noes have it."

"Why not to Berlin?" asked Madame Knäpple's pretty red mouth. "Do
they happen to work so badly in Berlin?"

The Geheimrath found it time to "conciliate." "To make Gobelin
tapestry, without doubt, Madame Rosenblatt, is right, and Paris is
necessary; but to mend them! I think--it seems to me--that can be
done in Germany."

"Send our tapestry to Paris!" expostulated Madame Knäpple. "How do
they know if they would ever come back?"

"Oh!" one of the young painters at the end of the table answered
gravely. "Oh, madame!"

"How! Oh! You are an Alsatian, sir," said the homely little woman,
pricked by the interjection as if it had been the point of a needle.
"But we--we have the right to be mistrustful."

She had gone too far. No one stood up for her verdict--general
conversation stopped, and was replaced by flattering appreciations
made by each guest on some quails in aspic which had just been
served. Madame Knäpple herself came back to subjects with which she
was more familiar, for she but rarely took any part in discussions
when men were present. She turned towards her neighbour, von Farnow,
which prevented her from seeing the elegant Madame Rosenblatt, and
Madame Rosenblatt's beautiful dress, and the periwinkle-blue eyes of
Madame Rosenblatt, and she undertook to explain to the young man how
to do quails in aspic, and how to make "Cup" according to her
recipe. However, for the second time their thoughts had been turned
to the vanquished nation--and this thought continued to disturb
their minds in a vague way, while champagne, German-labelled, was
sparkling in the glasses.

Madame Brausig had only exchanged very unmeaning words with M.
Rosenblatt, her neighbour on the right, and with Professor Knäpple,
her neighbour on the left, who preferred talking to Madame
Rosenblatt, and Baron von Fincken, her _vis-à-vis_, and sometimes
with Jean Oberlé. It was she, however, who started a fresh
discussion, without wishing to. And the conversation rose at once to
a height it had not yet reached. The councillor's wife was speaking
to M. Rosenblatt--looking all the time angrily at a servant who had
just knocked against the chair of her most important guest, Madame
Rosenblatt; she was speaking of a marriage between an Alsatian and a
German from Hanover, the commandant of the regiment of Foot
Artillery No. 10. The iron-master answered quite loudly, without
knowing that he was sitting beside the mother of a young girl sought
after by an officer:

"The children will be good Germans. Such marriages are very rare,
and I regret it, because they add immensely to the Germanisation of
this obstinate country."

Baron von Fincken emptied his champagne glass at a draught and,
placing it on the table, said:

"All means are good, because the end is good."

"Certainly," said M. Rosenblatt.

Jean Oberlé was the best known of the three Alsatians present, and
the best qualified to make a reply, and yet the most disqualified,
it seemed to him, to give his opinion, because of the discussions
which this question had caused in his own house. He saw that Baron
von Fincken had looked at him as he spoke, that Herr Rosenblatt was
staring at him, that Professor Knäpple cast a glance at his
left-hand neighbour, that Rosenblatt smiled with the air of one who
would say "Is this little fellow capable of defending his nation?
Will he answer to the spur? Let us see!"

The young man answered, choosing his adversary, and, turning towards
the Baron, "On the contrary, I think that the Germanisation of
Alsace is a bad and clumsy action."

At the same time his face grew harder and the green in his eyes
vibrated, like the green of the forests when the wind blows the
leaves of the trees the wrong way.

The Professor of Æsthetics looked like a man of the sword.

"Why bad, if you please? Do you look upon the conquest as
unpleasant? This is the sequel of that? Do you think so, really? But
say so, then!"

In the silence of all present the answer of Jean Oberlé fell clear
and distinct.


"You dare, sir!"

"Allow me," said the Geheimrath Brausig, stretching out his hand as
if to bless them. "Here we are all good Germans, my dear baron! You
have no right to suspect the patriotism of our young friend, who is
only speaking from a historical point of view!"

Madame Oberlé and Lucienne signed to Jean.

"Be quiet! be quiet!"

But Baron von Fincken saw nothing and heard nothing. The bitter
passion of which his face was the symbol was let loose. He half
rose, and leaning forward, with his head over the table, he said:

"France is pretty! united! powerful and moral!"

Little Madame Knäpple went on:

"Above all, moral!"

Voices high, low, ironical, and irritated rang out confusedly.

"Deceivers, the French! Look at their novels and plays! France is
decadent! A worn-out nation! What will she do against fifty-five
millions of Germans?"

Jean let the avalanche pass; he looked now at Fincken, who was
gesticulating, now at von Farnow, who was silent, with head held
high and frowning brows.

"I believe France is very much calumniated," he said at last. "She
may be governed badly. She may be weakened by dissensions; but since
you attack her, I am delighted to tell you that I look upon her as
a very great nation. Even you yourselves have no other opinion."

Veritable clamours arose. Ah! Oh! Indeed.

"Your very fury against her proves this. You have conquered her, but
you have not left off envying her!"

"Do you read the commercial statistics, young man?" asked the
resolute voice of Herr Rosenblatt.

"Her merchant navy is in the sixth rank!" whispered one of the

Professor Knäpple fixed his spectacles on his nose and very clearly
articulated the following proposition:

"What you say, my dear Oberlé, is true as regards the past. Even
to-day I think I can add, that if we had France to ourselves she
would rapidly become a great country. We should know how to improve

"I beg you," added von Fincken insolently, "not to discuss an
opinion which is not tenable."

"I beg you, in my turn," said Jean, "not to use in discussion
arguments which are not conclusive, and do not really touch the
question. One cannot judge a country simply and solely by its
commerce, its navy, or its army."

"On what would you form your judgment then, sir?"

"On the soul of the country, sir. France has hers; that I know from
history and from I know not what filial instinct I feel within me;
and I firmly believe that there are many superior virtues, eminent
qualities, generosity, disinterestedness, love of justice, taste,
delicacy, and a certain flower of heroism, which are to be found
more often than elsewhere in the past and in the present of this
nation. I could give many proofs of it. Even if she were as weak as
you assert, she holds treasures which are the honour of the world,
which must be torn from her before she merits death, and by the
side of these things the remainder seems very small. Your
Germanisation, sir, is only destruction or diminution of those
virtues or French qualities in the Alsatian soul. And that is why I
maintain that it is bad!"

"Come now," said Fincken, "Alsace belongs naturally to Germany; she
has made her come back. We make our repossession sure. Who would not
do as much?"

"France!" answered Oberlé; "and that is why we love her. She might
have taken the territory, but she would not have done violence to
the soul. We belong to her by right of love."

The baron shrugged his shoulders.

"Go back then to her!"

Jean almost shouted, "Yes." The servants stopped to listen, in
passing round the sweets. He went on:

"I find your attempt bad in itself, because it is a repression of
consciences; but I also find that it is clumsy, even from a German
point of view."

"Charming," said the little falsetto of Madame Knäpple. "You should
have the interest to keep what originality and independence remains
to us. It would be a useful example to Germany."

"Thanks," said a voice.

"And more and more useful," insisted the young man. "I was educated
in Germany and I am sure of my contention. What struck me most, and
shocked me, is the want of personality in Germans, their increasing
forgetfulness of liberty, their effacement before the power of----"

"Take care, young man!" interrupted the Geheimrath quickly.

"I shall say before the power of Prussia, Geheimrath, which devours
consciences, and which allows only three types of men to live, and
these she has moulded from childhood--taxpayers, officials, and

From the end of the table one of the students rose from his chair:

"The Roman Empire did the same, and it was the Roman Empire!"

A vibrating voice near him cried:


All the guests looked up. It was Wilhelm von Farnow, who had said
only this one word since the beginning of the discussion. The
violence of the debate had irritated him like a personal
provocation. It had excited others. Herr Rosenblatt clenched his
fists. Professor Knäpple muttered stormy sentences as he wiped his
spectacles. His wife laughed nervously.

Then the beautiful Madame Rosenblatt, letting her pearl necklace run
through her fingers, smiled, and looking pleasantly at the Alsatian,

"M. Oberlé has at least the courage of his opinions. No one could be
more openly against us."

Jean felt far too irritated to answer pleasantly. He looked intently
at the faces of Fincken, Rosenblatt, and Knäpple, at the student who
was moving restlessly near Lucienne, and then leaning slightly
towards Madame Rosenblatt, said:

"It is only through the women that the German nation can acquire the
refinement which is wanting, madame. Germany has some accomplished

"Thank you for us!" answered three men's voices.

Madame Knäpple, furious at the compliment paid to Madame Rosenblatt,

"What is your scheme then, sir, for shaking off the yoke of

"I have none."

"Then what do you ask for?"

"Nothing, madame; I suffer."

It was one of the Alsatian artists, the painter with the yellow
beard, who looked like one of Giotto's pupils, who continued the
conversation, and all the table turned towards him.

"I am not like M. Oberlé, who asks for nothing. He has only just
come into the country after a long absence. If he had lived here
some time, he would come to a different conclusion. We Alsatians of
the new generation through our contact with three hundred thousand
Germans have had the difference of our French culture from that of
Germany conclusively demonstrated. We prefer our own; that is
permitted? In exchange for the loyalty that we have shown to
Germany, the taxes we pay, the military service we perform--we
desire to remain Alsatians. And you determinedly refuse to
understand. Our demand is that we should not be compelled to submit
to exceptional laws, to this sort of state of siege which we have
endured for thirty years. We demand that we should not be treated
and governed as a country of the Empire--after the fashion of the
Cameroons, Togoland, and New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, or
the Isles of Providence, but like a European province of the German
Empire. We shall not be satisfied until that day comes when we can
feel we are in our own home here--Alsatians in Alsace, as the
Bavarians are Bavarians in Bavaria. Whilst as things are, we are the
conquered ones waiting on the good pleasure of a master. That is my

He spoke clearly, with apparent coldness, and his golden beard
looked like the point of an arrow. His measured words succeeded in
exciting their minds--and one could foresee the angry answer when
Geheimrathin Brausig rose.

Her guests followed suit, and went into the blue drawing-room.

"You were absurd! What were you thinking about?" Lucienne asked in
an undertone as she passed Jean.

"Perhaps what you said was imprudent," added Madame Oberlé, a moment
after; "but you defended Alsace well--and I approve of you."

The Geheimrath was already turning to all sides, making use of the
usual formula, which he murmured into the ears of Fincken, von
Farnow, of Rosenblatt and Professor Knäpple, the two students, Jean,
and the two Alsatian artists:

"Do me the pleasure of following me to the smoking-room!"

The smoking-room was a second drawing-room, separated from the first
by plate-glass.

M. Brausig's guests were soon reunited there. Cigars and beer were
brought. Smoke spirals went up, mingled together, and rose to the
ceiling. M. Rosenblatt became a centre of conversation. The
Professor Knäpple became another. The loud voices seemed to be
wrangling, but were only explaining simple ideas with difficulty.

Alone, two men were talking of a serious subject and making but
little noise. They were Jean Oberlé and von Farnow. Scarcely had the
former lit his cigar when von Farnow touched Jean's arm and said:

"I want to have a little conversation with you apart."

To be more free, the young men seated themselves near the monumental
mantelpiece, facing the bay which opened into the drawing-room,
while the other smokers grouped round M. Rosenblatt and Baron von
Fincken occupied the embrasure of the windows.

"You were violent to-night, my dear fellow," said von Farnow, with
the haughty politeness which he often adopted; "I was tempted twenty
times to answer you, but I preferred waiting. Were you not aiming at
me a little?"

"Much of what I said was meant for you. I wanted to tell you very
clearly what I was and to teach it to you before witnesses, so that
it should be clearly understood that if you persevere in your
projects, I have made no concessions to you, no advances; that I
have nothing whatever to do with the marriage you are contemplating.
I am not going to oppose my father's wishes, but I will not have my
ideas confused with his."

"That is how I understood it. You have evidently learned that I have
met your sister in society and that I love her?"


"Is that all you have to answer?"

A rush of blood suffused the German's cheeks.

"Explain yourself quickly!" he went on. "My family is of the
nobility; do you recognise that?"


"Do you recognise that it is an honour for a woman to be sought by a
German officer?"

"For any except an Alsatian woman. But although you do not
understand that feeling, we are not like other people--we are the
people of Alsace. I esteem you very much, Farnow, but your marriage
with my sister will cruelly affect three persons among us--myself
first of all."

"How? I ask you!"

They were obliged to speak in an undertone and to avoid any
gestures, because of the presence of the Geheimrath's guests at the
farther end of the room, who were observing the young men, and were
trying to interpret their attitudes. All their emotion and their
irritation was in their eyes and in the whispering of words which
must only be heard by one person.

Through the sheet of plate-glass, Lucienne could see von Farnow, and
getting up and crossing the drawing-room, or pretending to admire
the basket of flowers which stood out from the frame-work, she
looked inquiringly at the faces of the officer and of her brother.

"You are a man of heart, von Farnow. Think what our home in Alsheim
will be when this fresh cause of dissension is added to the others?"

"I shall go away," said the officer; "I can exchange and leave

"The memory will remain with us. But that is not all. And from now
on there is my mother, who will never consent...."

With a movement of his hand von Farnow showed that he brushed aside
that objection.

"There is my grandfather, whom Alsace once elected to protest, and
who cannot to-day give the lie to all his past life."

"I owe nothing to M. Philippe Oberlé," interrupted Farnow.

His voice became more imperious.

"I warn you that I never give up a resolution once taken. When M.
von Kassewitz, the prefect of Strasburg, and the only near relation
remaining to me, returns from the holiday he is going to take in a
few days' time, he will go to Alsheim, to your house; he will ask
for the hand of Mlle. Lucienne Oberlé for his nephew, and his
request will be granted, because Mlle. Lucienne Oberlé wishes to
accept me, because her father has already consented, and because I
will have it so--I, Wilhelm von Farnow!"

"It remains to be seen whether you have done well...."

"According to my will: that is sufficient for me."

"How much pride there is in your love, Farnow!"

"It is in everything I do, Oberlé!"

"Do you think I am mistaken? My sister pleases you because she is




"But also because she is an Alsatian girl! Your pride has seen in
her a victory to be gained. You are not ignorant of the fact that
the women of Alsace are in the habit of refusing Germans. They are
queens not easily accessible to your amorous ambitions, from the
country girls, who at their gatherings refuse to dance with the
emigrants, up to our sisters, who are not often seen in your
drawing-rooms or on your arms. In the various regiments you will
belong to you will boast that you have won Lucienne Oberlé. It will
even be a good mark for you in high quarters? Will it not?"

"Perhaps," said Farnow with a sneer.

"Go on then, break, or finish breaking, three of us!"

They were getting more and more irritated, each trying to control

The officer rose, threw away his cigar, and said haughtily:

"We are civilised barbarians--that is understood, less burdened than
you with prejudices and pretensions to justice. That is why we shall
conquer the world. But in the meantime, Oberlé, I am going to join
your mother and talk to her, as amiably as an enemy possibly can.
Will you accompany me?"

Jean Oberlé shook his head in the negative.

Farnow crossed the smoking-room, leaving Oberlé there.

Lucienne was anxiously awaiting him in the drawing-room. She saw him
direct his steps towards Madame Oberlé, and, forcing himself to
smile, place a chair near the arm-chair in which the fragile
Alsatian lady in black was sitting. At the same time the Geheimrath
called out, "Oberlé! You have smoked a cigar without even drinking
one glass of beer. But that is a crime! Come. Professor Knäpple is
explaining the measures the Government is taking to prevent the
Russianising of the eastern provinces of Germany."

       *       *       *       *       *

Late that night, a landau bore away to Alsheim three travellers; it
had fetched them from the station at Molsheim.

The way there was a long one, and Lucienne soon went to sleep in the
carriage. Her mother, who had hardly said anything up to then, bent
towards her son, and, pointing to the beautiful creature sound
asleep, asked him:

"You knew?"


"I guessed it. There was no need to tell me much. I have seen her
look at him. Oh, Jean, this trial that I hoped to escape!--the fear
of which has made me accept so many, many things! I have only you
left, my Jean! But you remain to me!"

She kissed him fervently.



As things do not usually happen as we foresee, the visit of Herr von
Kassewitz to Alsheim did not take place on the date Farnow said it
would. Towards the end of June--at the moment when the prefect,
returned from taking the waters, was getting ready to go to ask for
Lucienne's hand, a telegram had asked him to put off the visit. The
condition of M. Philippe Oberlé had suddenly become worse.

The old man, whom it was necessary to inform of what was going on in
the house, had just learned the truth. His son had gone up one
morning to the sick man's room. "With circumlocution and in ways
that he took out of respect and consideration for him, he let it be
seen that Lucienne was not indifferent to the advances of a cavalry
officer belonging to a high German family; he had said that the
liking was spontaneous; that he, Joseph Oberlé, in spite of certain
regrets, did not believe that he had the right to thwart the freedom
of his children, and that he hoped that his father, in the interests
of peace, would be resigned.

"My father," he said, "you are not ignorant of the fact that your
opposition would be useless and purely vexatious. You have a chance
to give Lucienne a great proof of your affection, as we ourselves
have given; do not repulse her."

The old man had asked in signs:

"And Monica; has she consented?"

M. Joseph Oberlé had been able to answer yes, without telling a lie,
for the poor woman, threatened with a separation, had yielded once
more. Then the sick man put an end to his son's long monologue by
writing two words, which were his answer:

"Not I!"

The same evening, fever declared itself. It continued the following
day, and soon became so persistent and weakening that the condition
of the sick man troubled the Oberlés.

From this day on, the health of M. Philippe Oberlé became the topic
of anxious inquiries, evening and morning. They questioned Madame
Monica or Jean, whom he received whilst excluding the others.

"How is he? Is his strength returning? Has he still all his wits
about him--the full use of his mental faculties?"

Each one was wondering what was happening up above in the room where
the old fighter, who had half disappeared from the world of the
living, still governed his divided family, holding them all
dependent on him. They spoke of their uneasiness, and under this
name, which they rightly used, what projects were hid, what
different thoughts!

Jean himself awaited the issue of this crisis with an impatience in
which his affection for his grandfather was not the only interest
involved. Since the explanation he had had with Lucienne, especially
since the party at the Geheimrath's, all intimacy between brother
and sister had ceased. Lucienne was as amiable and just as
officiously kind as she could be, but Jean no longer responded to
her advances. When work kept him no longer at the factories he fled
from the house: sometimes to the country, where the first hay
harvest attracted all the life from the Alsatian farms. Sometimes he
would go and talk to his neighbours the Ramspachers, already his
friends, when at nightfall they came back from the plain; and there
he was led on by the hope that he should see the daughter of M.
Bastian walking along the path. But more often still he went up to
Heidenbruch. M. Ulrich had received his nephew's confidences and a
mission at the same time. Jean had said to him:

"I have now no hope of winning Odile. My sister's marriage will
prevent mine. But in spite of that I am bound to ask for the hand of
her to whom I have confessed my love. I wish to be certain of what
is already breaking my heart, although I am only afraid of it. When
M. Bastian has heard that Lucienne is betrothed to Lieutenant von
Farnow or that she is going to be--and that will not be delayed if
grandfather gets better--you will go to M. Bastian. You will speak
to him on my behalf. He will answer you, knowing fully all the
facts; you will tell me if he refuses, once for all, his daughter to
the brother-in-law of von Farnow; or if he insists on some time of
probation--I will accept it, no matter how long it may be; or if he
has the courage--in which I do not believe--to pay no attention to
the scandal which my sister's marriage will cause."

M. Ulrich had promised.

Towards the middle of August the fever which was wearing out M.
Philippe Oberlé disappeared. Contrary to the expectation of the
doctor, his strength returned very quickly. It was soon certain that
the robust constitution of the invalid had got the better of the
crisis. And the truce accorded by M. Joseph Oberlé to his father had
come to an end. The old man, having recovered to that sad condition
of a sick man whom death does not desire, was going to be treated
like the others, and would not be spared. There was no fresh scene
between the sick man and his son. All went on quietly. On the 22nd
of August, after dinner in the drawing-room, where Victor had just
brought the coffee, the factory owner said to Madame Oberlé:

"My father is now convalescent. There is no longer any reason to put
off the visit of Herr von Kassewitz. I give you notice, Monica, that
it will take place during the next few days. You would do well to
tell my father, since you alone go to him. And it is necessary that
everything should be done in order, without anything like surprise
or deception. Is that your opinion?"

"You do not wish to put off this visit any longer?"


"Then I will tell him!"

Jean wrote the same evening to Heidenbruch, where he was not able to

"My uncle, the visit is settled. My father makes no mystery about
it; not even before the servants. He evidently wishes that the
report of the marriage should be spread abroad. As soon as you hear
some one from Alsheim get indignant or sad about us, go and see, I
implore you, if the dream that I dreamed can still live on. You will
tell M. Bastian that it is the grandson of M. Philippe Oberlé who
loves Odile."



At the foot of Sainte Odile, a little below the vineyards in the
deep earth formed by gravel and leaves fallen from the mountain, M.
Bastian and other land-owners or farmers of Alsheim had planted
hop-fields. Now the time was come when the flower produces its
maximum of odorous pollen--a quickly passing hour difficult to

The hop-planters appeared frequently in the hopfields. The brokers
went through the villages. One heard buyers and sellers discussing
the various merits of Wurtemburg hops and the Grand Duchy of Baden
hops, and of Bohemian and Alsatian hops. The newspapers began to
publish the first prices of the most famous home-grown: Hallertan,
Spalt, and Wolnzach.

A Munich Jew had come to see M. Bastian on Sunday August 26, and had
said to him:

"Wurtemburg is promising: Baden will have fine harvests: our own
country of Spalt, in Bavaria, has hops which are paying us one
hundred and sixty francs the fifty kilos, because they are rich
hops--they are as full of the yellow aromatic powder as a grape of
juice. Here you have been injured by the drought. But I can offer
you one hundred and twenty francs on condition that you pick them at
once. They are ripe."

M. Bastian had given in, and had called together his daily
hop-pickers for August 28. That was also the day when the Count von
Kassewitz was to pay his visit to M. Joseph Oberlé.

From dawn of a day already warmed by wafts of hot air, women had set
themselves to walk up what is called "the heights of Alsheim," the
region where the cultivated land, hollowed like a bow, will bear
hops. Some hundreds of yards from the border of the forest high
poles in battle array bore up the green tendrils. They looked like
very pointed tents of foliage, or belfries--for the millions of
little cones, formed of green scales sprinkled with pollen, swung
themselves from the extreme top to the ground like bells whose
ringer is the wind. All the inhabitants know the event of the
day--one picks hops for M. Bastian. The master, up before dawn, was
already in the hop-field, examining each foot, calculating the value
of his crop, pressing and crushing in his fingers one of the little
muslin-like pine cones whose perfume attracts the bees. At the back
on the stubble furrows are two narrow wagons, harnessed to a horse,
waiting for the harvest, and near them was Ramspacher the farmer,
his two sons Augustin and François, and a farm servant. The women,
on the direct road leading up there, came up in irregular bands,
three in file, then five abreast, then one following the others, the
only one who was old. Each one had put on a working dress of some
thin stuff, discoloured and the worse for wear, except, however, the
grocer's daughter, Ida, who wore a nearly new dress, blue with white
spots, and another elegant girl from Alsheim, Juliette, a brunette,
the daughter of the sacristan, and she had a fashionable bodice and
a checked apron, pink and white. The greater number were without
hats, and had only the shade of their hair, of every tint of
fairness, to preserve their complexions. They walked along quietly
and heavily. They were young and fresh. They laughed. The farm boy
mounted on a farm horse, going to the fields, the reapers, encamped
in a corner, and the motionless man with the scythe in the soft
lucerne turned their heads, and their eyes followed these women
workers, whom one did not generally see in the country: needlewomen,
dressmakers, apprentices, all going as if to a fête towards the
hop-field of M. Bastian. The vibration of words they could not hear
flew to them on the wind that dried the dew. The weather was fair.
Some old people, the pickers of fallen fruit beneath the scattered
apple- and walnut-trees, rose from their stooping posture, and
blinked their eyes to see the happy band of girls coming up the
forest road. These girls without baskets such as the bilberry and
whortleberry pickers, and raspberry gatherers had to carry.

They went into the hop-field, which contained eight rows of hops and
disappeared as if in a gigantic vineyard. M. Bastian directed the
work, and pointed out that they must begin with the part touching
the road. Then the old farmer, his two sons and farm servant, seized
each of them one of the poles, heavy with the weight of harvest, the
tendrils, the little scaly bells, the leaves all trembled; and after
the women had knelt down and had cut the stalks even with the
ground, the loosened poles came out of the earth and were lowered
and despoiled of the climbing plants they had carried.

Stalks, leaves, and flowers were thrown down and placed in heaps--to
be carried away by the wagons. The workers did not wait to pick the
hops which they would gather at Alsheim in the farmyard in the
afternoon. But, already covered with yellow powder and pieces of
leaves, the men and women were hurrying to strip the lowered poles.
The hops exhaled their bitter, healthy odour, and the humming of
the band of workers, like the noise of early vintage, spread out
over the immense stretch of country, striped with meadows, stubble,
and lucerne, and the open and fertile Alsatian land which the sun
was beginning to warm.

This light, the repose of the night still neighbouring the day, the
full liberty which they did not enjoy every day of the week, the
instinctive coquetry evoked by the presence of the men, even the
desire of being pleasant to M. Bastian, whom they knew to be of a
gay disposition, made these girls and children who picked the hops
joyful with a boisterous joy. And one of the farm servants having
called out while his horses stopped to take breath: "Is no one
singing then?" the daughter of the sacristan, Juliette, with the
regular features and the beautiful deep eyes under her well combed
and nicely dressed hair, answered:

"I know a lovely song."

As she answered she looked at the owner of the property, who was
smoking, seated on the first row of stubble above the hop-field, and
who was contemplating with tenderness now his hops and now his
Alsace, where his mind always dwelt.

"If it is pretty; sing it," said the master. "Is it a song that the
police may hear?"

"Part of it."

"Then turn round to the forest side: the police do not often go that
way because they find nothing to drink there."

The workers who were stooping and those who were standing upright
laughed silently because of the detestation in which they held the
gendarmes. And the beautiful Juliette began to sing--of course in
Alsatian--one of those songs which poets compose who do not care to
sign their works, and who rhyme in contraband.

The full, pure voice sang:

"I have cut the hops of Alsace--they have grown on the soil we
tilled--the green hops are certainly ours--the red earth is also

"Bravo!" said gravely M. Bastian's farmer. He took his pipe from his
mouth in order to hear better.

"They have grown in the valley--in the valley where every one has
passed along, many sorts of people, and the wind, and also
anguish--we have chosen our own friends.

"We will drink beer to the health of those who please us. We will
have no words on our lips--but we will have words in our
hearts--where no one can efface them."

The heavy, solid heads, young and old, remained motionless for a
moment when Juliette had finished. They waited for the remainder.
The young girls smiled because of the voice and because of life. The
eyes of M. Bastian and the Ramspachers shone because of bygone days.
The two sons had grown grave. Juliette did not begin to sing again:
there was no more to follow.

"I think I know the miller who composed that song," said M. Bastian.
"Come, my friends, hurry yourselves; there is the first cart
starting for Alsheim. All must be gathered and put in the
drying-house before night."

Everybody except that big young François, who had to do his military
service in November, and who was driving the wagon, bent again over
the hop roots. But at the same moment, from the copse on the border
of the great forest, from among the shrubs and the clematis, which
made a silky fringe to the mountain forests, a man's voice answered.

What was happening? Who had heard them? They thought they knew the
voice, which was strong and unequal, worn, but with touches of a
youthful quality; and whisperings arose.

"It is he. He is not afraid!"

The voice answered, in the same rugged tongue:

"The black bow of the daughters of Alsace--has bound my heart with
sorrow--has bound my heart with joy. It is a knot of love.

"The black bow of the daughters of Alsace--is a bird with great
wings. It can fly across the mountains--and look over them.

"The black bow of the daughters of Alsace is a cross of mourning
which we carry in memory of all those--whose soul was like our own

The voice had been recognised. When it had finished singing, the
hop-pickers, men and women, began to talk to M. Ulrich, who, barely
tolerated in Alsace, had nevertheless more freedom of language than
the Alsatians who were German subjects. The noise of laughter and
words exchanged grew louder and louder in the hop-field, so the
master withdrew.

M. Bastian, with his heavy, sure step, mounted to the edge of the
forest whence came the voice, and plunged under the beeches. Some
one had seen him coming and waited for him. M. Ulrich Biehler,
seated on a rock starred with moss--bare headed, weary with having
walked in the sun--had hoped, by singing, to make his old friend
Xavier Bastian climb up to him. He was not mistaken.

"I have a place for you here, hop-picker!" he cried from afar,
pointing to a large block of stone which had rolled to the foot of
the mountain, between two trees, and on which he was seated.

Although they were friends, M. Ulrich and the Mayor of Alsheim saw
each other but seldom. There was between them less intimacy than a
community of opinions and of aspirations and of memories. They were
chosen friends, and old Alsace counted them among her faithful ones.
That was enough to make them feel the meeting was a happy one, and
to make the signal understood. M. Ulrich had said to himself that
M. Bastian having set the workers to work would not be sorry to have
a diversion. He had sung in answer to Juliette's song, and M.
Bastian had come. Now the pale, fine face of the hermit of
Heidenbruch reflected a mixture of pleasure in welcoming his friend
and an anxiety difficult to conceal.

"You still sing?" said M. Bastian, pressing M. Ulrich's hand. "You
hunt, you run about the hills!"

He sat down breathless on a stone, his feet in the ferns, and
looking towards the descending slopes wooded with oaks and beeches
and bushes.

"That only in appearance. I am a walker, a forester, a wanderer.
You, on the contrary, are the least travelled of men. I visit--you
cultivate: these are at bottom two kinds of fidelities. Tell me,
Xavier, may I speak to you of something which I have very much at

The heavy face trembled, the thick lips moved, and one could see by
the great change which took place in M. Bastian's face how sensitive
he was. As he was of just as reticent a nature, he did not make any
reply. He waited.

"I am going to tell you about something which touches me as nearly
as if it were a personal matter. He who begged me to see you is my
dearest relative. I take the direct method with you, Xavier. Have
you guessed that my nephew loves your daughter Odile?"



Suddenly these two, who had been gazing into the distance for a
while, looked at each other eye to eye, and they were afraid, one
because of the refusal he read there--and the other because of the
pain he was going to give.

"No!" said the voice, grown harsh in order to dominate its emotion,
which would have made it tremble. "I will not!"

"I expected that; but if I tell you that they love each other?"

"That may be. I cannot!"

"You have some very serious reason then?"


"What is it?"

M. Bastian pointed through the trees to the house of the Oberlés.

"To-day, in that house, they are expecting the visit of the Prefect
of Strasburg."

"I could not tell you, and I had to wait before speaking about it
till every one knew it."

"It is public property now. All the town of Alsheim has been told by
the servants. They even say that M. von Kassewitz is coming to ask
for the hand of Lucienne for his nephew, Lieutenant von Farnow."

"I know it!"

"And you would have it so?"


"That I should give my daughter to Jean Oberlé so that she should
have a father-in-law who will be a governmental candidate in the
coming elections and a brother-in-law who is a Prussian officer?"

M. Ulrich kept calm under the indignant gaze of M. Bastian and

"Yes; these are terrible things for him, but it is not Jean's fault.
Where will you find a man more worthy of you and of your daughter?"

"What is he doing to oppose this marriage? He is here--his silence
gives consent. He is weak."

M. Ulrich stopped him with a movement.

"No; he is strong!"

"Not like you--you who knew how to close your house."

"My house belongs to me."

"And I have the right to say 'Not like me!' All these young people
accept things too easily, my friend. I do not mix myself up with
politics. I keep silent. I plough my land. I am looked on with
suspicion by the peasants, who no doubt like me, but who begin to
find me 'compromising.' I am hated by Germans of every kind and
colour. But, as God hears me, that only makes me drive my roots
deeper in, and I do not change. I will die with all my old hatreds
intact--do you understand--intact?"

His eyes had a gleam in them such as a sharpshooter has when, with
gun in hand, and sure that his hand will not tremble, he covers his

"You stand for something in this generation, Xavier; but you must
not be unjust. This man you refuse, because he is not like us, is
not the less valiant for that."

"That has to be seen."

"Has he not declared that he will not enter the Government employ?"

"Because the country pleases him better--and my daughter pleases him

"No; firstly because he is Alsatian."

"Not like us, I will answer for that!"

"In a new way. They are obliged to live in the midst of Germans.
Their education is carried out in German schools, and their way of
loving France leaves room for more honour and more strength of mind
than was necessary in our time. Think, it is thirty years ago!"


"They saw nothing of those times, they have only a traditional love,
or a love which is of the imagination, or of family, and examples of
forgetfulness are frequent around them!"

"Jean has had, in truth, examples of that sort."

"That is why you ought to be more just to him. Think that your
daughter in marrying him will found here an Alsatian family--very
powerful, very wealthy. The officer will not live in Alsheim, nor
even long in Alsace. He will soon be only a name."

M. Bastian placed his heavy hand on M. Ulrich's shoulder, and spoke
in a tone which did not allow the discussion to be continued.

"Listen, my friend, I have only one word. It cannot be, because I
will not have that marriage: because all those of my generation,
dead and living, would reproach me. And then, even if I yielded,
Ulrich, there is a will near me stronger than mine, who will never
say yes, do you understand, never!"

M. Bastian slipped down among the ferns, and shrugging his
shoulders, and shaking his head--like some one who will hear no
more--went downwards to his day workers. When he had passed between
the rows of the cut hops and reprimanded each of the workers, there
was no more laughing, and the girls of Alsheim, and the farmer's
sons, and the farmer himself, stooping under the burning sun, went
on in silence with their work, which had been so joyously begun.

Already M. Ulrich was going up to his hermitage on Sainte Odile,
distressed, asking himself what serious effect the refusal of M.
Bastian was going to have on Jean's destiny, and anxious to tell his
nephew the news. Without hoping, without believing that there was
any chance of it, he would try to make Odile's father give way, and
plans hummed round him, like the gadflies in the pine woods, drunk
with the sun, and following the traveller in his lonely climb. The
streams were singing. There were flocks of thrushes, harbingers
crossing the ravines, darting through the blue air to get to the
vines and fruits of the plain. It was in vain--he was utterly
downcast. He could think of nothing but of his nephew, so badly
rewarded for his return to Alsheim. Between the trees and round the
branches he gazed at the house of the Oberlés.

Any one going into that house just then would have found it
extraordinarily quiet. Every one there was suffering. M. Philippe
Oberlé, as usual had lunched in his room. Madame Oberlé, at the
express wish of her husband, had consented to come out of her room
when M. von Kassewitz should be announced.

"All the same, I repeat," she said, "that I shall not go out of my
way to entertain him. I will be there because by your orders I am
bound to receive this person. But I shall not go beyond what is
strictly necessary."

"Right," said M. Oberlé, "Lucienne, Jean, and I will talk to him.
That will suffice."

And after his meal he had gone at once to his workroom, at the end
of the park. Jean, who had shown no enthusiasm, had gone out, for
his part, promising to return before three o'clock. Lucienne was
alone in the big yellow drawing-room. Very well dressed in a grey
princess dress, which had for its only ornament a belt buckle of two
shades of gold, like the decorations in the dining-room; she was
placing roses in crystal glasses and slender vases of transparent
porcelain, which contrasted well with the hard, definite colour of
the velvet furniture. Lucienne had the collectedness of a gambler
who sees a game coming to an end, and knows she has won. She had
herself, in two recent soirées at Strasburg carried the business
through, which now wanted only the signatures of the contracting
parties; the official candidature promised to M. Joseph Oberlé in
the first vacant district.

The visit of M. von Kassewitz was equivalent to the signing of the
treaty. The opposing parties held their tongues, as Madame Oberlé
held hers, or stood aside in silent sulkiness, like the grandfather.
The young girl went from the mantelpiece to the gilt console,
surmounted by a mirror, in which she saw herself reflected, and she
thought the movement of her lips very pretty when she made them say
"Monsieur the Prefect!" One thing irritated her, and checked the
pride she felt in her victory: the absolute emptiness which was
making itself felt around her.

Even the servants seemed to have made up their minds not to be there
when they were wanted. They did not answer the bell. After lunch M.
Joseph Oberlé had been obliged to go into the servants' hall to find
his father's valet, that good-tempered big Alsatian who looked upon
himself as being at the beck and call of every one.

"Victor, you will put on your livery to receive the gentleman who
will come about three o'clock!"

Victor had grown red and answered with difficulty:

"Yes, sir!"

"You must be careful to watch for the carriage, and to be at the
bottom of the steps----"

"Yes, sir."

Since this promise had been given, which no doubt went very much
against Victor's feelings--he had hid himself, and only came at the
third or fourth call, quite flustered and pretending that he had not

The Prefect of Strasburg is coming. These words which Lucienne had
spoken, Madame Oberlé thought over shut up in her room. They
weighed, like a storm cloud, on the mind of the old protesting
representative of Alsace--that old forester, Philippe Oberlé, who
had given orders that he was to be left alone; they agitated the
nervous fingers of M. Joseph Oberlé, who was writing in his room at
the saw mills, and he left off writing in order to listen; they rang
sadly, like the passing bell of something noble in Jean's heart
taking refuge with the Bastians' farmer. They were the theme--the
_leitmotiv_ which recurred in twenty different ways, in the animated
and sarcastic conversation of the hop-pickers.

For these women and girls of the farm, and the day labourers who had
worked in the morning in the hop-field, had assembled, since the
mid-day meal in the narrow, long yard of the Ramspachers' farm.
Seated on chairs or stools, each one having on their right a hamper
or a basket and on their left a heap of hops, they picked off the
flowers and threw away the stripped stalks. They formed two
lines--one along the stable walls and the other the length of the
house. This made an avenue of fair heads and bodies in movement
among the piles of leaves, which stretched from one woman to another
and bound them together as it were with a garland. At the end, the
cart door opened wide on to the square of the town of Alsheim, and
allowed the gables of several houses situated opposite to be
seen--with their wooden balconies and the flat tiles of their
roofings. By this road every half hour fresh loads of hops arrived
drawn by one of the farm horses. Old Ramspacher, the farmer, was at
his post, in the enormous barn in front of the dwelling-house, and
before which sat the first pickers, at work on the little hop cones.

In this building, whose vast roof was supported by a wall on one
side, on the other by Vosges pines, the greater part of the work of
the farm was done, and much wealth was stored here. Here they trod
the grapes; in the autumn and winter months they threshed corn. They
kept all the implements of labour in the corner--the covered carts,
planks and building materials, empty barrels, and a little hay.
There were also many great wooden cases piled up, tiers of screens,
on which they put the hops to dry every year. The farmer never
allowed others to do this delicate work. So he was at his place, in
front of the drying-room, where the first shelves were already full,
and standing on a ladder he spread equal layers of the gathered
hops, which his sons brought him in hampers.

The heat of the afternoon, at the end of August, the odour of
crushed leaves and flowers, which clung to their hands intoxicated
the women slightly. The laughter rose louder than in the hop-fields
in the morning, and questions were asked and remarks made which
called forth twenty answers. Sometimes it was the work which
furnished a pretext for this fusillade of words. Sometimes it was a
neighbour passing across the square all white with dust and
sunshine; but mostly the talk was about two things: the visit of the
Prefect and the probable marriage of Lucienne.

The beautiful Juliette, the sacristan's daughter, had begun the
conversation saying:

"I tell you Victor told it to the mason's son: the Prefect is to
arrive in half an hour. Do you think I shall move when he comes?"

"He would see a very pretty girl," said Augustine Ramspacher,
lifting up two hampers of hops. "It is only the ugly ones who will
let themselves be seen."

Ida, who had lifted up her blue-and-white-spotted dress, and then
Octavie the cow-woman, who wore her hair plaited and rolled like a
golden halo round her head, and Reine the daughter of the poor
tailor, and others answered together laughing:

"I shall not be seen then. Nor I, nor I!"

And an old woman's voice, the only old woman among them, muttered:

"I know I am as poor as Peter and Paul, but I would rather that he
went to other folk's houses than to mine--the Prefect!"


They were all speaking freely. Words re-echoed from the walls and
were lost amid bursts of laughter and the rustling of the broken and
crushed leaves. In the barn in the half light, seated on a pile of
beams, his chin in his hands, there was a witness who heard, and
that witness was Jean Oberlé. But the inhabitants of Alsheim began
to know the young man, who had lived among them for five months.
They knew he was a good Alsatian. On the present occasion they
guessed that Jean had taken refuge there with the Bastians' tenant
farmer because he disapproved the ambition to which his father was
sacrificing so many things and so many persons. He had come in,
under the pretext of resting and taking shelter from the sun; in
reality because the triumphant presence of Lucienne was torture to
him. And yet he knew nothing of the conversation which his uncle had
had in the morning with M. Bastian. The thought of Odile returned to
his unhappy mind and he drove it out that he might remain master of
himself, for soon he would require all his powers of judgment and
all his strength. At other moments he gazed vaguely at the
hop-pickers and tried to interest himself in their work and their
talk; often he thought he heard the sound of a carriage, and half
rising, he remembered the promise he had made, to be at home when M.
von Kassewitz arrived.

Juliette's voice rose in decidedly spirited tones.

"What does this Prefect of Strasburg want to come to Alsheim for? We
get on so well without the Germans."

"They have sworn to make themselves hated," quickly added the
farmer's elder son, who was giving out the hops to the women who had
no more. "It seems that they are prohibiting the speaking of French
as much as they possibly can."

"A proof--my cousin, François Joseph Steiger," said little Reine,
the tailor's daughter. "A gendarme said he had heard him shout 'Vive
la France!' in the inn. Those were, I believe, the only French words
my cousin knew. That was enough--my cousin got two months in

"Your cousin called out more! But at Alberschweiler they have
forbidden a singing society to execute anything in the French

"And the French conjurer who came the other day to Strasburg? Do you
know? It was in the newspaper. They let him pay the tax, hire the
hall, print his advertisements, and then they said: 'You will do it
in German, my good friend--or you will go!'"

"What happened to M. Haas, the house-painter, is much worse."

"What then?"

"He knew that he could not paint an inscription in French on a shop
any more. M. Haas would never--I know it--have painted a stroke of a
brush in contravention of the law. But he thought he could at least
put a coat of varnish on the sign he was painting, where he had
painted a long time ago the word '_Chemiserie_.' They made him
appear and threatened to take proceedings against him, because he
was preserving the inscription with his varnish. Why, that was last

"Oh, oh, would not M. Hamm be pleased if the rain, the wind, and the
thunder threw down the sign of the inn here, which is called: 'Le
Pigeon blanc' as happened to 'La Cigogne.'"

It was old Josephine the bilberry-picker who said to the farmer's
wife, who at this moment appeared on the threshold of her house:

"Sad Alsace! How gay she was when we were young! Wasn't she, Madame

"Yes. Now--for nothing--evictions, lawsuits, and prison! The police

"You had better keep silence!" said Ramspacher in a reproachful

The younger son Francis took his mother's side.

"There are no traitors here. And then, how can one keep silence?
They are too hard. That is why so many young men emigrate!"

From his corner in the shadow, Jean looked at these young girls who
were listening--with flashing eyes, some motionless and erect,
others continuing to bend and rise over their work of stripping the

"Work then--instead of so much chattering!" said the master's voice.

"One hundred and seventy unsubdued, and condemned by the tribunal at
Saverne, in a single day, last January," said Juliette with a laugh
that shook her hair. "One hundred and seventy!"

Francis, the great careless boy, who was close by Jean Oberlé at
this moment, turned a basketful of hops on the shelf, and bending
towards him said:

"It is at Grand Fontaine that one can easily get over the frontier,"
he said in low tones. "The best crossing, Monsieur Oberlé, is
between Grande Fontaine and Les Minières. The frontier is opposite,
like a spur. That is the nearest part, but one has to take care of
the Forest Guard and the Custom officials. Often they stop people to
ask where they are going."

Jean trembled. What did that mean? He began:

"Why do you speak to...?"

But the young peasant had turned away, and was going on with his
work. Doubtless he had spoken for himself. He had trusted his plan
to his melancholy and silent countryman, whom he would amuse,
astonish, or sympathise with.

But Jean had been touched by this confidence.

A clear voice called out:

"There is the carriage coming into the town. It is going to pass M.
Bastian's avenue!"

All the hop-pickers raised their heads. Little Franzele was standing
up near the pillar which kept the door open--leaning the top of her
body over the wall, her curly hair blown by the wind. She was
looking to the right, whence came the sound of wheels. In the yard
the women had stopped working. She murmured:

"The Prefect, there he is--he is going to pass."

The farmer, drawn from his work by the women's sudden silence as
much as by the child's voice, turned towards the yard where the
hop-pickers were listening motionless to the noise of the wheels and
the horses coming nearer. He commanded:

"Shut the cart-door, Franzele!"

He added, muttering:

"I will not let him see how it is done here--in my place!"

The little girl pushed-to one of the sides of the door, then
curious, having stuck her head out again:

"Oh, how funny. Well, he cannot say that he saw many people. They
have not disturbed themselves much on his account! There are only
the German women of course. They are all there near 'la Cigogne.'"

"Will you shut that door?" replied the farmer angrily.

This time he was obeyed. The second side of the door shut quickly
against the first. The twenty persons present heard the noise of the
carriage rolling in the silence of the town of Alsheim. There were
eyes in all the shadowy corners behind the windows--but no one went
outside their doors, and in the gardens the men who were digging the
borders seemed so entirely absorbed in their work as to have heard

When the carriage was about fifty yards past the farm, their
imaginations were full of what it would be like at the Oberlés'
farther on at the other end of the village, and taking up a handful
of hop-stalks, the women and girls asked each other curiously what
the son of M. Oberlé was going to do--and they looked stealthily
towards the barn. He was no longer there.

He had risen, that he might not break his word, and having run all
the way, and pale in spite of his having run, he arrived at the gate
of the kitchen garden at the very moment when the Prefect's
carriage, on the other side of the demesne, was passing through the
park gates.

All the household was ready. Lucienne and Madame Oberlé were seated
near the mantelpiece. They did not speak to each other. The factory
owner, who had returned from his office half-an-hour ago, had put on
the coat he wore to go to Strasburg, and a white waistcoat--with his
arms behind his back he watched the carriage coming round the lawn.

The programme was carried out according to the plans arranged by
him. The official personage who was just entering the grounds was
bringing to M. Oberlé the assurance of German favour. For a moment
of inflated pride which thrilled him M. Oberlé saw in imagination
the palace of the Reichstag.

"Monica," he said, turning round as breathless as after a long walk,
"has your son returned?"

Seated before him in the yellow chair near the fireplace, looking
very thin, her features drawn with emotion, Madame Oberlé answered:

"He will be here because he said so!"

"The fact that he is not here is more certain still. And Count
Kassewitz is coming--and Victor? I suppose he is at the steps to
show him in, as I told him?"

"I suppose so."

M. Joseph Oberlé, furious at the constraint of his wife--at her
disapproval, which he encountered even in this submission, crossed
the room and pulled the old bell rope violently, and opening the
door which led to the hall saw that Victor was not in his place.

He had to draw back, for the sound of footsteps coming up were
mingled with the sound of the bell.

M. Joseph Oberlé placed himself near the fireplace facing the
door--near his wife. Footsteps sounded on the gravel, on the granite
of the steps. However, some one had come in answer to the bell. The
door was pushed open the next moment and the Oberlés perceived at
the same time that the old cook Salomé, white as wax, her mouth set,
was opening the door without saying a word, and M. von Kassewitz
close behind her was coming in.

He was very tall, very broad shouldered, and clad in a tight-fitting
frock-coat. His face was composed of two incongruous elements, a
round bulging forehead, round cheeks, a round nose, then standing
straight out from the skin in stiff locks, eyebrows, moustache, and
short, pointed beard. This face of a German soldier composed of
points and arches was animated by two piercing lively eyes, which
ought to have been blue--for his hair was yellow--but which never
showed clearly through the shadow of the spreading eyebrows, and
because of the man's habit of screwing up his eyelids. His hair,
sparse on the top, was brushed up well from the occiput to just
above the ears.

M. Joseph Oberlé met him and spoke in German.

"M. Prefect, we are very greatly honoured by this visit. Really to
have taken this trouble!"

The official took the hand that M. Oberlé held out, and pressed it.
But he did not look at him and he did not stop. His steps sounded
heavily on the thick drawing-room carpet. He was looking at the thin
apparition in mourning near the fireplace. And the enormous man
bowed several times very stiffly.

"The Count von Kassewitz," said M. Oberlé--for the Prefect had never
been introduced to the mistress of the house.

She made a slight movement of the head and said nothing. M. von
Kassewitz drew himself up, waited a second, then playing his part
and affecting good humour, which perhaps he did not feel, he greeted
Lucienne, who had blushed, and was smiling.

"I remember having seen Mademoiselle at His Excellency the
Statthalter's," he said. "And truly Strasburg is some distance from
Alsheim. But I am of the opinion that there are some wonders which
are better worth the journey than the ruins in the Vosges, M.

He laughed with a satisfied air, and sat on the yellow couch with
his back to the light, facing the fireplace. Then turning to the
factory owner, who was seated near him he asked:

"Is your son away?"

M. Oberlé had been listening anxiously for a minute. He was able to

"Here he is."

The young man came in. The first person he saw was his mother. That
made him hesitate. His eyes, young and impressionable, gave a
nervous twitch as if they were hurt. Quickly he turned to the sofa,
took the hand which the visitor offered him, and gravely but less
embarrassed than his father, and with greater coolness he said in

"I have just been for a walk. I had to run not to be late, for I
promised my father I would be here when you came."

"You are too kind," said the official, laughing. "We speak German
with your father, but I am able to carry on a conversation in
another tongue besides our national language."

He went on in French, laying stress on the first syllables of the

"I admired your park, Monsieur Oberlé, and even all the little
country of Alsheim. It is very pretty. You are surrounded, I
believe, by a refractory population--almost invisible; in any case,
just now as I came through the village I hardly saw a living soul."

"They are in the fields," said Madame Oberlé.

"Who is the Mayor, then?"

"M. Bastian."

"I remember them: a family very much behind the times."

His look was questioning, and he moved his heavy head towards the
two women and Jean. Three answers came at once.

"Behind the times, yes," said Lucienne--"they are, but such good

"They are simply old-fashioned folk," said Madame Oberlé.

Jean said:

"Above all very worthy."

"Yes, I know what that means."

The Prefect made an evasive gesture.

"Well, provided they go straight."

The father saved the situation.

"We have but few interesting things to show you, but perhaps you
would like to see my works? They are full and animated, I assure
you. There are one hundred workmen, and machines at work--pines
sixty feet long under the branches, are reduced in three minutes to
planks, or cut up as rafters. Would you care to see them?"

"Yes, certainly."

The conversation, thus turned in another direction at once became
less constrained. The origin of the Oberlés' works, the Vosges
woods, the comparison between the German manner of felling, by the
Government, and the French system, by which the owners of a portion
of a forest may fell the trees themselves under the supervision of
the foresters--all these questions gave each a chance to speak.
Lucienne became lively, Madame Oberlé, questioned by her husband,
answered. Jean also spoke. The functionary congratulated himself on
having come.

When her father made a sign, Lucienne rose, to ring for the footman
and to ask that some refreshment might be served. But she had not
time to make a single step.

The door opened, and Victor, the servant who had not been at his
post a short time ago, appeared, very red, very embarrassed, and
lowering his eyes. On his left arm, holding himself as erect as
possible, was the grandfather, M. Philippe Oberlé.

The five persons talking were all standing. The servant stopped at
the door and withdrew. The old man came in alone, leaning on his
stick. M. Philippe Oberlé had put on his best clothes belonging to
the time when he was in good health. He wore, unbuttoned, the
frock-coat which was still decorated by the ribbon of the Legion of
Honour. Intense feeling had transfigured him. One would have said
that he was twenty years younger. He came forward taking short
steps--his body bent a little forward, but his head held stiffly
erect, and he looked at one man only, the German official standing
by the side of the couch. His heavy jaw trembled and moved
convulsively as if he were articulating words they could not hear.

Was M. Joseph Oberlé mistaken, or did he wish to put him on the
wrong scent? He turned to where M. von Kassewitz was standing,
astonished and on his guard, and said:

"My father has surprised us by coming down. I never expected he
would take part in this."

The eyes of the old deputy, rigid under their heavy lids, did not
cease looking at the German, who kept his countenance and remained
silent. When M. Philippe Oberlé was three feet from M. von Kassewitz
he stopped. With his left hand, which was free, he then drew his
slate from the pocket of his frock-coat, and held it out to the
Count von Kassewitz: on it two lines were written. The Count bent
forward and then drew himself up haughtily.


Already M. Joseph Oberlé had seized the thin sheet of slate, and
read these words, traced with remarkable decision:

"I am in my own house, sir!"

The eyes of the old Alsatian added:

"Leave my house!" and they were no longer looking down, nor did they
leave the enemy.

"This is too much!" said M. Joseph Oberlé. "Father, how could you
come downstairs to insult my guests? You will excuse him, sir; my
father is old, over-excited, a little touched by age."

"If you were younger, sir," said M. von Kassewitz in his turn, "we
should not stop at this. You will do well to remember that you are
also in my home, in Germany, on German territory, and that it is not
well even at your age to insult authority."

"Father," said Madame Oberlé, hastening to the old man to support
him, "I beg of you--you are doing harm to yourself--this emotion is
too much for you."

An extraordinary thing happened. M. Philippe Oberlé, in his violent
anger, had found strength to stand upright. He appeared gigantic. He
was as tall as M. von Kassewitz. The veins on his temples
swelled--the blood was in his cheeks, and his eyes were living once
more. And at the same time the half-dead body was trembling and
using up in involuntary movements its fragile and factitious life.
He signed to Madame Oberlé to stand aside, and not to hold him up.

Lucienne, grown pale, shrugged her shoulders and went towards M. von

"It is only an act in one of our family tragedies, monsieur. Do not
take any notice of it and come to the works with us. Let me pass,

The Count took no notice, and she passed out between M. Philippe
Oberlé and the functionary who said:

"You are not responsible, mademoiselle, for the insult that has been
offered to me. I understand the situation--I understand."

His voice came with difficulty from his contracted throat.
Furious--half a head taller than any one there except M. Philippe
Oberlé--M. von Kassewitz turned on his heel and went towards the

"Come, I pray you," said M. Joseph Oberlé, standing aside to let the
Prefect pass.

Lucienne was already outside. Madame Oberlé, as ill from emotion as
the old man, who refused her assistance, feeling her tears choke
her, ran into the hall and up to her room, where she burst into

In the drawing-room Jean was alone with the old chief, who had just
driven out the stranger. He drew near and said:

"Grandfather, what have you done?"

He wanted to say: It is a terrible insult. My father will never
forgive it. The family is completely broken up. He would have said
all that. But he raised his eyes to the old fighter, so near the
end, still showing fight. He saw now that the grandfather was gazing
fixedly at him; that his anger had reached its height; that his
chest was moving violently; that the face grimaced and twisted. And
suddenly, in the yellow drawing-room, an extraordinary voice, a
hoarse voice, powerful and husky, cried out in a kind of nervous

"Go away! Go away! Go away! Go away!"

The voice rose to a piercing note. Then it broke, and with his mouth
still open, the old man reeled and fell on the floor. The voice had
sounded to the inmost recesses of the house. This voice that no one
ever heard now, Madame Oberlé had recognised it, and through the
open door of her room she had been able to catch the words. It was
only a cry of rage and suffering, or the contrary to M. Joseph
Oberlé, when the terrible sound of the words, which could not be
distinguished or guessed at, reached him down two-thirds of the
garden path. He had turned for a moment, with a frown--while the
foremen and German workmen of the factory greeted M. von Kassewitz
with their cheers--then he went on towards them.

Madame Oberlé was the first to run to the drawing-room, then Victor,
then old Salome, as white as a sheet, crying with uplifted hands:

"Was not that M. Philippe I heard?"

Then the coachman and the gardener ran in, hesitating to come
forward but curious to see this distressing scene. They found Jean
and his mother kneeling near M. Philippe Oberlé, who was breathing
with difficulty, and was in a state of complete prostration. His
effort, his emotion, and his indignation had used up the strength of
the old man. They raised him up, and sat him in a chair, and each
one tried to revive him. For a quarter of an hour there was going
and coming between the first floor and the dining-room. They fetched
vinegar, salts, and ether.

"I was afraid that master would have an attack; he has been beside
himself all the morning. Ah, there he is moving his eyes a little.
His hands are not so cold.

Across the park there came a cry of "Long live the Prefect!" It
entered the drawing-room wafted on the warm breeze, where such words
had never been heard before. M. Philippe Oberlé did not seem to hear
them. But after some minutes he made a sign that he wished to be
taken to his room.

Some one came up the steps quickly, and before coming in asked:

"What, again! What are those cries? Ah! my father!"

He changed his tone and said:

"I thought it was you, Monica--that you had a nervous attack. But
then who screamed like that?"


"He?" said M. Oberlé; "that is not possible!"

He did not dare to ask the question again. His father, now standing,
supported by Jean and by his servant, trembling and wavering, moved
across the room.

"Jean," said Madame Oberlé, "see to everything. Do not leave your
grandfather; I am coming up."

Her husband had kept her back. She wished to get Jean away from
this. As soon as she was alone with M. Oberlé on the staircase they
heard the noise of footsteps and the rustling of materials, and
voices saying:

"Hold him up--take care in turning."

"What did he call out?" asked M. Oberlé.

"He called out: 'Go away! Go away!' Those are words that he often
uses, you know."

"The only ones he had at his disposal to show his hatred. Did he say
nothing else?"

"No. I came down at once and I found him on the floor. Jean was near

"Happily M. von Kassewitz did not witness this second act. The first
was enough. In truth, the whole household was leagued together to
make this visit--such an honour for us--an occasion of offence and
scandal: my father; Victor, who was not ashamed to be an accomplice
of the delirious old man; Jean, who was impertinent; you----"

"I did not think you could have had to complain of me!"

"Of you the very first! It is you who are the soul of this
resistance, which I _will_ overcome. I shall overcome it! I answer
for that."

"My poor friend," she said, clasping her hands; "you are still set
on that!"


"You cannot overcome everything, alas!"

"That is what we are going to see."

Madame Oberlé did not answer and went upstairs quickly. A new
anxiety, stronger than the fear of her husband's threats, tortured
her now.

"What did my father-in-law wish to say?" she asked herself. "The
old man is not delirious. He remembers; he foresees; he watches over
the house; he always thinks things out carefully. If only Jean did
not understand it as I understand it!"

At the top of the stairs she met her son, who was coming out of the
grandfather's room.


"Nothing serious, I hope--he is better--he wishes to be alone."

"And you?" questioned the mother, taking her son's hand, and leading
him towards the room he used. "And you?"

"How? I?"

When he had shut the door behind her, she placed herself before him,
and her face quite white in the light of the window, her eyes fixed
on the eyes of her child:

"You quite understood--did you not--what grandfather wished to say?"


She tried to smile, and it was heart-breaking to see this effort of
a tortured soul.

"Yes. He cried: 'Go away!' It is a word he often used to say to
strangers. He was addressing M. von Kassewitz. You do not think so?"

Jean shook his head.

"But, my darling, he could not 'address others so!'"

"Pardon; he meant it for me."

"You are mad! You are the best friends in the world, you and your

"Just so."

"He did not wish to turn you out of the room?"



"He was ordering me to leave the house."


"And for all that, the poor man was delighted to see me come back to

Jean would not look at his mother now, because tears had gushed from
Madame Oberlé's eyes, because she had come close to him, because she
had taken his hands.

"No, Jean, no; he could not have meant that, I assure you; you do
not understand. In any case, you will not do it! Say that you will
never do it."

She waited for the answer, which did not come.

"Jean, for pity's sake answer me! Promise me that you will not leave
us! Oh! what would the house be without my son now? I have only
you--you do not think I am miserable enough then? Jean, look at me!"

He could not wholly resist her. She saw the eyes of her son looking
at her tenderly.

"I love you with all my heart," said Jean.

"I know it; but do not go away!"

"I pity you and respect you."

"Do not go away!"

And as he said no more she moved away.

"You will promise nothing. You are hard--you also are like----"

She was going to say "Like your father."

Jean thought: "I can give her some weeks of peace; I owe them to
her." And trying to smile in his turn said:

"I promise you, mamma, to be at St. Nicholas's Barracks on October
1st--I promise you. Are you pleased?"

She shook her head. But he, kissing her on the brow, not wishing to
say anything more, left her in haste.

       *       *       *       *       *

The town of Alsheim was occupying itself with the scene which had
taken place at M. Oberlé's. Through the torrid evening heat, amidst
the fertile dust of the cut wheat, of the pollen of flowers, of
dried moss which was blown from one field to another, the men came
home on foot; the children and young people came on horseback, and
the tails of the horses were gold, or silver, or black, or
fire-coloured in the burning light which the setting sun cast over
the shoulder of the Vosges. Women were waiting for their husbands on
the thresholds, and when they drew near, went to meet them in their
haste to spread such important news.

"You do not know what has happened at the works. They will speak
about it for a long time! It seems that old M. Philippe found his
voice in his anger, and that he drove the Prussian out!"

Many of the peasants said:

"You will speak of that at home, wife, when the door is shut!"

Many remarked with anxiety the agitation of their neighbours, and

"This will end in a visit from the gendarmes!"

At M. Bastian's farm the women and young girls were finishing their
hop-picking. They were chattering, still laughing, or anxious,
according to their age. The farmer had forbidden them to reopen the
door looking on to the village street. He went on, always prudent in
spite of his seeming joviality, to spread out the baskets of hop
flowers, shining with fresh pollen. The oxen and the horses, passing
near the yard, breathed in the air and stretched their necks.

And one at a time the women got up, shook their aprons, and weary,
stretched their youthful arms, yawning at the freshness of the cool
puffs of air which came over the roof, then started on their more or
less distant way to home and supper.

At the Oberlés' house the dinner-bell rang. The meal was the
shortest and the least gay that the wainscoting and delicately
tinted paintings had ever witnessed.

Very few words were exchanged.

Lucienne was thinking of the new difficulty in the way of her
projected marriage and of the violent irritation of M. von
Kassewitz; Jean, of the hell that this house of the family had
become; M. Oberlé, of his ambitions probably ruined; Madame Monica,
of the possible departure of her son. Towards the end of dinner, at
the moment when the servant was about to withdraw, M. Oberlé began
to say, as if he were continuing a conversation:

"I am not accustomed, you know, my dear, to give in to violence: it
exasperates me, that is all. I am then resolved to do two
things--first to build another house in the timber-yard, where I
shall be in my own home, then to hasten on Lucienne's marriage with
Lieutenant von Farnow. Neither you nor my father nor any one can
stop me. And I have just written to him about it."

M. Oberlé looked at each of them--his wife, son, and daughter--with
the same expression of defiance. He added:

"These young people must be allowed to see each other and to talk to
each other freely, betrothed as they are."

"Oh," said Madame Oberlé, "such things----"

"They are so!" he answered, "by my will, and dating from this
evening. Nothing will alter it, nothing. I cannot let them meet
here, unfortunately. My father would plan some fresh scandal--or
you," and he pointed to his son; "or you," and he pointed to his

"You are mistaken," said Madame Oberlé. "I suffer cruelly on account
of this arrangement, but I shall make no scandal which will nullify
what you have decided upon."

"Then," said M. Oberlé, "you have the chance to prove your words. I
was not going to ask you to do anything, and I had decided to take
Lucienne to Strasburg to the house of a third person, who would
have let them meet in her drawing-room."

"I have never deserved that."

"Will you then agree to accompany your daughter?"

She thought for a moment, shut her eyes, and said:


There was a look of surprise in her husband's eyes, and in Jean's,
and also in Lucienne's.

"I shall be delighted; for my arrangement did not quite suit my
fancy. It is more natural that you should take your daughter. But
what rendezvous do you intend to choose?"

Madame Monica answered:

"My house at Obernai."

A movement of stupefaction made the father and son both straighten
themselves. The house at Obernai? The home of the Biehlers? The son
at least understood the sacrifice which the mother was making, and
he rose and kissed her tenderly.

M. Oberlé himself said:

"That is right, Monica--very right. And when will it be convenient
to you?"

"Just the time to let M. de Farnow know about it. You will fix the
day and the hour--write to him when he answers you."

Lucienne, in spite of her want of tenderness, drew closer to her
mother that evening. In the little drawing-room, where she worked at
crochet for two hours, she sat near Madame Oberlé, and with her
watchful eyes she followed, or tried to follow, the thoughts on the
lined face so mobile and still so expressive. But often one can only
partly read what is passing in a mind. Neither Lucienne nor Jean
guessed the reason which had so quickly prompted Madame Oberlé's act
of self-sacrifice.



Ten days later, Lucienne and her mother had just entered the family
house where Madame Oberlé had spent all her childhood, the home of
the Biehlers, which lifted its three stories of windows with little
green panes, and its fortified gable above the ramparts of Obernai,
between two houses of the sixteenth century--just like it.

Madame Oberlé had gone upstairs, saying to the caretaker:

"You will receive a gentleman presently who will ask for me."

In the large room on the first floor which she entered, one of the
few rooms which were still furnished, she had seen her parents live
and die; the walnut-wood bed, the brown porcelain stove, the chairs
covered with woollen velvet which repeated on every seat and every
back the same basket of flowers, the crucifix framed under raised
glass, the two views of Italy brought back from a journey in 1837,
all remained in the same places and in the same order as in the old
days. Instinctively in crossing the threshold she sought the holy
water stoup hanging near the lintel, where the old people, when they
went into the room, moistened their fingers as on the threshold of a
holy abode.

The two women went towards the window. Madame Oberlé wore the same
black dress she had put on to receive the Prefect of Strasburg.
Lucienne had put on a large brimmed hat of grey straw, trimmed with
feathers of the same shade, as if to cover her fair hair with a veil
of shadow. Her mother thought her beautiful--and did not say so. She
would have hastened to say so if the betrothed had not been he whom
they expected, and if the sight of the house, and the memory of the
good Alsatian folk who had lived in it, had not made the pain she
already felt greater.

She leant against the windows and looked down into the garden full
of box-trees clipped into rounded shapes, and flower borders
outlined by box, and the winding, narrow paths where she had played,
grown up, and dreamed. Beyond the garden there was a walk made on
the town ramparts, and between the chestnuts planted there one could
see the blue plain.

Lucienne, who had not spoken since the arrival at Obernai, guessing
that she would have disturbed a being who was asking herself whether
she could continue and complete her sacrifice, came quite close to
her mother, and with that intelligence which always took everyone's
fancy the first time they heard it, but less the second time:

"You must suffer, mamma," she said. "With your ideas, what you are
doing is almost heroic!"

The mother did not look up, but her eyelids fluttered more, and

"You are doing it as a wifely duty, and because of that I admire
you. I do not believe I could do what you are doing--give up my
individuality to such an extent."

She did not think she was being cruel.

"And you wish to be married?" asked the mother, raising her head

"Why, yes; but we do not now look upon marriage quite as you do."

The mother saw from Lucienne's smile that she would be contending
with a fixed idea, and she felt that the hour for discussion was
badly chosen. She kept silence.

"I am grateful to you," continued the young girl. Then after a
moment of hesitation:

"Nevertheless, you had another reason besides obeying my father when
you agreed to come here--here to receive M. von Farnow."

She let her eyes wander round the room, and brought them back to the
woman with smooth hair--that worn-out and suffering woman--who was
her mother. There was no hesitation.

"Yes," she said.

"I was sure of it. Can you tell me what it is?"


"Before M. von Farnow?"


Keen annoyance changed the expression of Lucienne's face; it grew

"Although we do not agree with each other very well, surely you are
not capable of trying to turn my betrothed against me?"

Tears appeared in the corners of Madame Oberlé's eyelids.

"Oh Lucienne!"

"No, I do not believe it. It is something important?"


"Does it concern me?"

"No; not you."

The young girl opened her mouth to continue, then listened, became a
little pale, and turned completely towards the door, while her
mother turned only half-round in the same direction. Some one was
coming upstairs. Wilhelm von Farnow, preceded by the caretaker, who
accompanied him only as far as the landing, saw Madame Oberlé
through the opening of the door, and as if on a military parade, he
drew himself up and crossed the room quickly, and bowed his haughty
head first to the mother, then to the young girl.

He was extremely well dressed in civilian clothes. His face was
drawn and pallid with emotion. He said gravely in French:

"I thank you, madame!"

Then he looked at Lucienne, and in his unsmiling blue eyes there was
a gleam of proud joy.

The young girl smiled.

Madame Oberlé felt a shudder of aversion, which she tried to
repress. She looked straight into the steel-blue eyes of Wilhelm von
Farnow, who stood motionless in the same attitude he would have
taken under arms and before some great chief.

"You must not thank me. I play no part in what is happening. My
husband and my daughter have decided everything."

He bowed again.

"If I were free I should refuse your race, your religion, your
army--which are not mine. You see I speak to you frankly. I am
determined to tell you that you owe me nothing, but also that I
harbour no unjust animosity against you. I even believe that you are
a very good soldier and an estimable man. I am so convinced of it
that I am going to confide to you an anxiety which tortures me."

She hesitated a moment and continued:

"We had at Alsheim a terrible scene when Count Kassewitz came to the

"Count Kassewitz told me about it, madame. He even advised me to
give up the idea of marrying your daughter. But I shall not do that.
To make me give her up nothing short of----"

He began to laugh--

"Nothing short of an order from the Emperor would make me! I am a
good German, as you say. I do not easily give up what I have won.
And Count Kassewitz is only my uncle."

"What you do not know is that my father-in-law, for the first time
for many, many years, in his exasperation, in the excess of his
grief, has spoken. He cried out to Jean: 'Go away! Go away!' I heard
the words. I ran quickly. Well, sir, what moved me most was not
seeing M. Philippe Oberlé senseless, stretched upon the floor; it
was my son's expression, and it is my conviction that at that moment
he resolved to obey and to leave Alsace."

"Oh," said Farnow, "that would be bad."

He cast a glance at the fair Lucienne, and saw that she was shaking
her blond head in sign of denial.

"Yes, bad," continued the mother without understanding in what sense
Farnow used the word. "What an old age for me in my divided
house--without my daughter, whom you are going to take away; without
my son, who will have gone away. You are astonished, perhaps, that I
should tell you an anxiety of this sort?"

He made a gesture which might mean anything.

"It is because," the mother continued more quickly, "I have no one
to advise me; no help to hope for--under the circumstances.
Understand clearly. To whom shall I go? To my husband? He would be
furious? He would start to work and we should find that by his
influence Jean would be incorporated in a German regiment in a
week's time--away in the north or the east. My brother? He would
rather insist on my son leaving Alsace. You see, monsieur, you are
the only one who can do anything."

"What exactly?"

"But much. Jean has promised me that he will join the regiment. You
can arrange that he shall be received and welcomed, and not
discouraged. You can assure him protection, society, comrades--you
have known him a long time. You can prevent his giving way to
melancholy ideas, and stop him if he were again tempted to carry out
such a plan."

The lieutenant, much disturbed, frowned, and the expression of his
face changed at the last words. Then he said:

"Up to the first of October you have your son's promise--after that
I will look after him."

Then speaking to himself, and again occupied with an idea, which he
did not express entirely:

"Yes," he said, "very bad--it must not be."

Lucienne heard it.

"So much the worse," said she. "I betray my brother's secret, but he
will forgive me when he knows that I betrayed him to calm mamma. You
can be easy, mamma, Jean will not leave Alsace."


"He loves."

"Where then?"

"At Alsheim!"


"Odile Bastian."

Madame Oberlé asked absolutely amazed:

"Is it true?"

"As true as we are here. He told me everything."

The mother closed her eyes, and, choking with halting breath:

"God be praised. A little hope rises in my heart. Let me cry--indeed
I must!"

She pointed to the room, which was also open on the other side of
the landing and was lighted by a large bay window, through which a
tree could be seen.

Farnow bowed, showing Lucienne that he was following her.

And the girl moved on ahead, passing through the room where her
ancestors had loved Alsace so much.

Madame Oberlé turned away; sitting near the window she leaned her
head against the panes where as a child she had seen the sleet and
the ice form into ferns, and the sun, and the rain, and the
vibrating airs of summer-time, and all the land of Alsace.

"Odile Bastian! Odile!" repeated the poor woman. The bright face,
the smile, the dresses of the young girl, the corner of Alsheim
where she lived--a whole poem of beauty and moral health rose in the
mother's mind; and with an effort she held to it jealously, in order
to forget the other love-affair on account of which she had come

"Why did not Jean confide in me?" she thought. "This is a kind of
compensation for the other. It reassures me. Jean will not leave us,
since the strongest of ties binds him to the country. Perhaps we
shall succeed in overcoming my husband's obstinacy. I will make him
see that the sacrifice we are making, Jean and I, in accepting this

Meanwhile laughter came from the next room, unfurnished except for
the two chairs on which Lucienne and Farnow were sitting. Lucienne,
with an elbow on the balustrade of the open window, the lieutenant a
little behind gazing at her, and speaking with an extraordinary
fervour; sometimes there was laughter. This laughter hurt Madame
Oberlé, but she did not turn round. She still saw in the changing
blue of the Alsatian fields the consoling image evoked by Lucienne.

Wilhelm von Farnow was speaking during this time, and was using to
the best advantage this hour, which he knew would be short, in which
he was permitted to learn to know Lucienne. She was listening to him
as if dreaming, looking out across the roofs, but really attentive,
and accentuating her answers with a smile and a little grimace. The
German said:

"You are a glorious conquest. You will be a queen among the officers
of my regiment, and already there is a woman of French family, but
born in Austria, and she is ugly. There is an Italian, and some
Germans, and some Englishwomen. You unite in yourself all their
separate gifts--beauty, wit, brilliancy, German culture, and French
spontaneity. As soon as we are married I shall present you in the
highest German society. How did you develop in Alsheim?"

Her nature was still proud rather than tender, and these flatteries
pleased her.

       *       *       *       *       *

At this hour, profiting by the absence of M. Joseph Oberlé at Barr,
M. Ulrich had gone up to see his nephew Jean. The days were drawing
near when the young man would go to the barracks. It was necessary
to tell him about the unsuccessful meeting with Odile Bastian's
father. M. Ulrich, after having hesitated a long time, finding it
harder to destroy young love than to start for a war, went to see
his nephew and told him everything.

They talked for an hour, or rather the uncle talked in monologue,
and tried to console Jean, who had let him see his grief, and had
wept bitterly.

"Weep, my dear boy," said the uncle. "At this moment your mother is
assisting at the first interview between Lucienne and the other. I
confess I do not understand her. Weep, but don't let yourself be
cast down. To-morrow you must be brave. Think, in three weeks you
will be in the barracks. They must not see you crying. Well, the
year will soon pass, and you will come back to us--and who knows?"

Jean passed his hand over his eyes and said resolutely:

"No, uncle."

"Why not?"

At the same place where in the preceding winter the two men had
talked so joyously of the future, they were once more seated at the
two ends of the sofa.

Outside, daylight was fading away and the air was warm. M. Ulrich
found suddenly on Jean's sorrowful face the energetic expression
which had so forcibly struck him on the former occasion, and had so
delighted him. The Vosges-coloured eyes, with brows close together,
were full of changing gleams of light, and yet the eyes were steady.

"No," said Jean; "it is necessary that you should know--you and one
other to whom I will tell it. I shall not do my military service

"Where will you do it?"

"In France."

"How can you say that? Are you serious?"

"As serious as it is possible to be."

"And you go away at once?"

"No; after I have joined the corps."

M. Ulrich lifted his hands:

"But you are mad. It will be the most difficult and most dangerous
thing to do. You are mad!"

He began to walk up and down the room--from the window to the wall.
His emotion found vent in emphatic gestures, but he took care to
speak gently for fear of being heard by the people of the house.

"Why after? For, after all, that is the first thing that comes into
my mind in face of such an idea, and why?"

"I had intended to go away before joining the regiment," said the
young man quietly. "But mamma guessed at something. She made me
swear that I would join. So I shall join. Do not try to dissuade me.
It is unreasonable, but I promised."

M. Ulrich shrugged his shoulders.

"Yes; the question of time is a serious point, but it is not only
that. The serious thing is the resolution. Who made you take it? Is
it because your grandfather called out 'Go away!' that you have
decided to go?"

"No; he thought as I think, that is all."

"Is it the refusal of my friend Bastian which decided you?"

"Not more than the other. If he had said yes I should have had to
tell him what I have told you this evening--I will live neither in
Germany nor in Alsace."

"Then your sister's marriage?"

"Yes; that blow alone would have been enough to drive me away. What
would my life be like at Alsheim now? Have you thought about that?"

"Be careful, Jean. You forsake your post as an Alsatian!"

"No; I can do nothing for Alsace! I could never gain the confidence
of Alsatians now: with my father compromised, and my sister married
to a Prussian."

"They will say you deserted!"

"Let them come to tell me so then, when I shall be serving with my
regiment in France!"

"And your mother--you are going to leave your mother alone here?"

"That is the great objection, after all, the only great one, for the
present, but my mother cannot ask me to let my life be sacrificed
and made useless as hers has been. Her next feeling later on will be
one of approval, because I have freed myself from the intolerable
yoke which has lain so heavily on her. Yes, she will forgive me. And

Jean pointed to the jagged green mountains.

"And then, there is dear France, as you say. It is she who attracts
me. It is she who spoke to me first!"

"You child!" cried M. Ulrich.

He placed himself before the young man, who remained seated, and who
was almost smiling.

"A nation must be fine indeed who, after thirty years, can evoke
such a love as yours! Where are the people one would regret in the
same way? Oh! blessed race which speaks again in you!"

He stopped a moment.

"However, I cannot leave you in ignorance of the kind of
difficulties and disillusions you are going to encounter. It is my
duty. Jean, my Jean, when you have passed the frontier and claimed
the qualification of Frenchman according to the law, and finished
your year's military service.--What will you do?"

"I shall always be able to earn my bread."

"Do not count too much on that. Do not think that the French will
welcome you with favour because you are Alsatian. They have perhaps
forgotten that we----In any case, they are like those who owe a
very old pension. Do not imagine that they will help you over there
more than any one else."

His nephew interrupted him:

"My mind is made up--whatever happens. Do not speak to me about it
any more, will you?"

Then Uncle Ulrich--who was caressing his grey, pointed beard as if
to get out his words spoken against the dear land, words that were
coming out with such difficulty--was silent, and looked at his
nephew a long time with his smile of complicity, which grew and
spread. And he finished by saying:

"Now that I have done my duty and have not succeeded, I have the
right to acknowledge, Jean, that sometimes I had this same idea.
What would you say if I followed you to France?"


"Not immediately. The only interest I had in living here was in
seeing you growing up and continuing the tradition. That is all
shattered. Do you know what will be one of the best means of
insuring yourself against a cold welcome?"

Jean was too agitated by the gravity of the immediate resolution to
take up time in talking about future plans.

"Listen, Uncle Ulrich, in a few days I shall want you. I have told
you about my decision precisely that you might help me."

He rose, went towards the library, which was by the entrance-door,
took a staff officer's map and came, unfolding it, towards the sofa.

"Sit down again by me, uncle, and let us do some geography

He spread on his knees the map of the frontier of Lower Alsace.

"I have made up my mind to go this way," he said. "There will be a
few inquiries to be made."

Uncle Ulrich nodded his head in sign of approval, interested as if
it were some plan for a hunt, or an approaching battle.

"Good place," he said, "Grande Fontaine, les Minières. It seems to
me that that is the nearest frontier line to Strasburg. Who told you

"François Ramspacher's second son."

"You can rely on it. You will take the train."


"Where to?"

"As far as Schirmeck, I think."

"No; that is too near the frontier, and it is too important a
station. In your place I should get out at the station before that,
at Russ Hersbach."

"Good! There I take a carriage ordered beforehand--I go to Grande
Fontaine--I dash into the forest."

"We dash, you mean?"

"Are you coming?"

The two men looked at each other, proud of each other.

"Really," said M. Ulrich, "this astonishes you? It is my trade.
Pathfinder that I am, I am going first to reconnoitre the land, then
when I shall have done the wood so thoroughly that I can find my way
through it even by night, I will tell you if the plan is a good one,
and at the hour agreed upon you will find me there. Be careful to
dress like a tourist: soft hat, gaiters, not an ounce of baggage."

"Quite so."

M. Ulrich again scrutinised this handsome Jean who was leaving for
ever the land of the Oberlés, the Biehlers, and all their ancestors.

All the same, how sad it is, in spite of the joy of the danger.

"Bah!" said Jean, trying to laugh, "I shall see the Rhine at both
ends--there where it is free."

M. Ulrich embraced him.

"Courage, my boy, we shall meet soon. Take care not to let any one
guess your plan. Who is it you are going to tell?"

"M. Bastian."

The uncle approved, and already on the threshold, pointing to the
next room which M. Philippe Oberlé never left now:

"The poor man! There is more honour in his half of a human
personality than in all the others together. Good-bye, Jean!"

       *       *       *       *       *

Some hours passed and Jean went to the office of the works as usual.
But his mind was so distracted that work was impossible. The
employees who wished to speak to him noticed it. One of the foremen
could not help saying to the clerks in the writing department,
Germans like himself:

"The German cavalry is making ravages here: the master looks half

The same patriotic feeling made them all laugh silently.

Then the dinner bell rang. Jean dreaded meeting his mother and
Lucienne. Lucienne held her brother back as she was entering the
dining-room, and in the half-light tenderly embraced him, holding
him closely to her. Like most engaged people, it was probably a
little of the other she was embracing without knowing it. However,
the thought at least was for Jean. She murmured:

"I saw him at Obernai for a long time. He pleases me very much,
because he is proud, like me. He has promised me to protect you in
the regiment. But do not let us speak of him at dinner. It will be
better not to. Mamma has been very kind--the poor thing touched me.
She can do no more. Jean, I was obliged to reassure her by telling
her your secret, and I told her that you will not leave Alsace,
because you love Odile. Will you forgive me?"

She took her brother's arm, and leaving the hall went into the
dining-room, where M. and Madame Oberlé were seated already--silent.

"My poor dear, in this house every joy is paid for by the sorrow of
others. Look! I alone am happy!"

The dinner was very short. M. Oberlé immediately after led his
daughter into the billiard-room because he wanted to question her.
The mother remained a moment at the table near her son, who was now
her neighbour. As soon as she was alone with him, the constraint
fell like a veil from her face. The mother turned towards her child,
admired him, smiled at him, and said in the confidential tone she
knew so well how to use:

"I can do no more, my dear. I am completely done up and must go to
bed. But I will confess that amidst my suffering a while ago I had
one joy. Imagine that till just then I believed most firmly that you
were going to leave us."

Jean started.

"I do not believe it now; do not be afraid! I am reassured. Your
sister has told me in secret that I shall have some day a little
Alsatian for a daughter-in-law. That will do me so much good. I
understand that you could not tell me anything yet, while so much
has been happening. And then it is still new--isn't it? Why are you
trembling like that? I tell you, Jean, that I ask nothing from you
now, and that I have entirely lost my fears--I love you so much."

She also embraced Jean. She also pressed him to her breast. But she
had no tenderness in her soul except that which she was expressing.

She remembered the child in the cradle, nights and days of long ago,
anxieties, dreams, precautions, and prayers of which he had been the
object, and she thought:

"All that is nothing compared with what I would always do for him!"

"When she had disappeared, and he had heard the noise she made
opening the invalid grandfather's door, to whom she never missed
wishing good night, Jean rose and went out. He went through the
fields to the trees which surrounded the Bastians' house, went into
the park and, hidden there, remained some time watching the light
which filtered through the shutters of the large drawing-room.
Voices spoke, now one, now another. He recognised the tone but could
not distinguish the words. There were pauses between the slowly
spoken words, and Jean imagined that they were sad. The temptation
came to him to go round those few yards of frontage and enter the
drawing-room boldly. He thought: "Now that I have decided to live
out of Alsace; now that they have refused me because of my father's
attitude and because of Lucienne's marriage, I have no longer the
right to question Odile. I shall go away without knowing if she also
suffers as I suffer. But can I not see her in her own home for the
last time, in the intimacy of the lamplight which brings the three
of them together? I will not write to her. I will not try to speak
to her, but I must see her; I shall carry away a last look of her--a
last remembrance, and she will guess that at least I am deserving
of pity."

He hesitated however. This evening he felt too unhappy and too weak.
From now to the first of October, would he not have the time to
return? A step came from the garden side. Jean looked again at the
thin blade of light which escaped from the room where Odile was
sitting, and cut the night in two; and he withdrew.



The last evening had come. Jean was to take at Obernai a night train
for Strasburg, so as to be in the barracks of St. Nicholas the next
morning at seven o'clock, the regulation hour. His uniform, ordered
of a Strasburg tailor, as was usual for the one-year service men,
was waiting for him, blue and yellow, folded on two chairs, in the
room which a month ago Madame Oberlé had taken, facing the barracks
of St. Nicholas, about the middle of the rue des Balayeurs. After
dinner he said to his mother: "Let me go out alone, so that I can
say good-bye to the Alsheim country I shall not see again for a long

She smiled. M. Joseph Oberlé answered:

"My dear fellow, you will not see me again; I have bills falling due
to-morrow, and I must work in my office. And besides, I do not care
about useless sentiment. Well, perhaps you will not find it easy to
get leave before two months. I dare say not, but that will only make
you the better pleased to come home. Come! Good-bye."

More affectionately than he would have believed it possible he
embraced him, and with a word from Lucienne in her clear, young
voice, "Soon," he went out.

The night air was laden with moisture to a remarkable degree: not a
cloud. A crescent moon, stars in thousands; but between heaven and
earth a veil of mist was spread which allowed the light to
penetrate, but dispersed it in such a manner that there was no
object really in shadow, and none which showed brightly. Everything
was bathed in a pearly atmosphere. It was warm to breathe. "How
sweet my Alsace is!" said Jean, when he had opened the door of the
kitchen garden, and found himself behind the village houses, facing
the plain, on which the moonlight was sleeping, blotted here and
there with the shadows of an apple-tree or a walnut. An immense
languor escaped from the soil, into which the first rains of autumn
had sunk. The perfumes of stubble and ploughed land mixed with the
odours from all kinds of vegetation come to their fullness of growth
and aroma. The mountain was sending out gently to the valley the
odour of pine pollen on the breeze, and the mint and the dying
strawberries and bilberries, and its juniper berries crushed by the
feet of passers-by and flocks. Jean breathed in the odour of Alsace;
he thought he could recognise the exquisite perfume of that little
mountain which is near Colmar, called Florimont, where the dittany
grows, and he thought, "It is the last time. Never again! Never

There were no glittering points of light on the roofs; he followed
the line of them on the left of the path: they seemed to have joined
fraternal hands round the church, and under each Jean could picture
a face known and friendly. Such were his thoughts for a while as he
walked on. But as soon as he saw, grey in the middle of the fields,
the big clump of trees which hid M. Bastian's house, every other
thought fled. Arrived at the farm where the younger son had said to
him, "It is by Grande Fontaine that you must cross the frontier," he
went into the cherry avenue, and he still remembered and found the
white gate. No one was passing. Besides, what did it matter? Jean
opened the lattice gate, went in, and walked on the grass border,
even with the great trees, to the window of the drawing-room, which
was lighted, then going round the house, came to the door which
opened on the side opposite the village of Alsheim.

He waited an instant, went into the vestibule, and opened the door
of the large room where the Bastian family sat every evening. They
were all there in the light of the lamps, just as Jean had imagined.
The father was reading the paper. The two women on the other side of
the brown table laden with white linen unfolded, were embroidering
with initials the towels which were going into the Bastian linen
press. The door had opened with no other noise than that of the pad
brushing against the parquet. However, all was so calm round the
dwelling and in the room, that they turned their eyes to see who was
coming in. There was a moment of uncertainty for M. Bastian, and
hesitation for Jean. He had fixed his gaze first of all on Odile. He
had seen how she also had suffered, and that she was the first, the
only one who recognised him, and how she grew pale, and that in her
anguish, her raised hand, her breath, her glance, were arrested. The
linen Odile was sewing slipped from her hands without her being able
to make the slightest movement to lift it up.

It was perhaps by this sign that M. Bastian recognised the visitor.
Emotion seized him immediately.

"What?" he asked gently, "is it you, Jean? No one showed you in.
What have you come for?"

He slowly put his paper down on the table without ceasing to
scrutinise the young man who was standing in the shadow, on the same
spot, a step or two from the door.

"I have come to say good-bye," said Jean.

But his voice was so full of pain that M. Bastian understood
something unknown, tragic, had entered his house. He rose, saying,
"Why, yes, to-morrow will be the first of October. You are going to
the barracks, my poor boy. No doubt you wish to speak to me?"

Already M. Bastian had advanced, had held out his hand, and the
young man, drawing him back into the darkest corner of the room, had
answered in a very low voice, his eyes looking into the eyes of
Odile's father. Madame Bastian gazed into the shadow, where they
made an indistinct group.

"I am leaving," Jean murmured, "and I shall never come back, M.
Bastian; that is why I took the liberty of coming."

He felt the rough hand of the Alsatian tremble. There was an
exchange of secret and rapid dialogue between the men, while the two
anxious women rose from their chairs, and with their hands leaning
on the table, bent forward.

"What do you say? You will come back in a year?"

"No, I am going to join the regiment because I promised to. But I
shall leave it."

"You will leave it?"

"The day after to-morrow."

"Where are you going?"

"To France!"

"For ever?"


The old Alsatian turned aside for a moment. "Talk on, you women,
talk on; we have business to discuss."

They moved away, whilst he, breathless as though with running,
cried: "Be careful what you do; be prudent; don't let yourself be

He placed both hands on Jean's shoulders. "I must stay: that's my
way, you see, of loving Alsace; there is no better. I live here, and
here I die. But for you, my boy, things are different, I
understand--don't let the women guess; it's too serious. Does any
one know at your home?"


"Keep your secret," and then, lowering his voice, "You wanted to see
her once more. I don't blame you, since you will never meet again."

Jean nodded as though to say "Yes, I had to see her once more."

"Look at her a minute, and then go. Stay where you are--look over my

Over M. Bastian's shoulder Jean could see that the troubled look in
Odile's eyes had grown to terror. She met his gaze fearlessly; she
had no thought but for the dialogue which she could not hear, the
mystery in which she felt she had some part, and her face betrayed
her anguish.

"What are they saying? Is it bad news again? Is it better? No; not
better, they are not both looking my way."

Her mother was still paler than her daughter.

"Farewell, my boy," said M. Bastian in low tones. "I loved you.... I
could not act differently ... but I think highly of you; I will
remember you."

Overcome by emotion, the old Alsatian silently pressed Jean's hand
and let it fall. As to Jean, trembling and dazed, he walked to the
door, looking back for the last time. He was going then--in one
minute he would be gone, never to return to Alsheim.

"Au revoir, madame," he said.

He would have liked to say au revoir to Odile, but sobs prevented
the words.

He gained the shadow of the corridor; they heard him hurrying away.

"What does it mean?" demanded Madame Bastian. "Xavier, you are
hiding something from us."

The old Alsatian sobbed aloud; he threw precaution to the winds--she
had guessed.

"Odile," she cried, "run and say good-bye to him."

Odile was already across the room; she caught Jean up at the corner.

"I beg of you to tell me why you are so miserable," she cried.

He turned, determined to be silent, to keep his vow. She was quite
close to him; he opened his arms; she threw herself into them.

"Oh God," she cried, "you are leaving; I know it--you are going."

He kissed her hair tenderly, a lifelong farewell, turned the corner,
and fled from her.



At a quarter to seven, Jean Oberlé, wearing a jacket and round cap,
walked by the stable of the old French barracks of St. Nicholas,
built on the site of a convent, now called by the Germans "Nikolaus
Kaserne." He reached the iron gate, saluted the officer, exchanged a
few words with him, and advanced towards a group of about a dozen
young men, volunteers for a year's service, who were standing at the
end of the courtyard, under the clock. Cavalry men in undress--light
blue tunic with yellow braid, black trousers, and flat caps--moved
here and there over vast, level, dusty grounds. A detachment of
cavalry, lance at shoulder, had taken up their station to the left
by one of the stables, waiting their officer's command to take the

"Herr Sergeant," said Jean, approaching the non-commissioned
officer, carefully dressed, but of vulgar appearance, who, with a
protecting and pretentious manner, was waiting for him by the group
of volunteers. "I am one of the volunteers for the year."

The sergeant, who had very long black moustaches, which he never
ceased twirling between the thumb and first finger, asked his
christian and surname, and compared them with the names and surnames
on the list he held in his hand.

Meanwhile, secretly intimidated by the supposed wealth of those he
received, eager to please them, but anxious lest they should
discover it, the sergeant looked the volunteer up and down, as
though seeking some physical defect, anything in fact which might
make this Alsatian civilian ridiculous in the eyes of a
non-commissioned officer.

"Join the others," he said, when his examination was finished.

The others were for the most part Germans, who, judging by the
different types, had come from all parts of the Empire. They had
dressed carefully, so as to show their comrades, volunteers like
themselves, and the soldiers in the barracks, that in civil life
they were men who belonged to wealthy families.

They wore patent leather shoes, kid gloves, yellow or tan, elegant
ties, valuable neck-pins. Each man introduced himself to his future
comrades. "Allow me to introduce myself: my name is Furbach, my name
is Blossmann." Jean knew none of them. He merely bowed without
giving his name. What did it matter to him who was to be their
comrade for this one day only?

He took his place to the left of the group, his mind far away from
the St. Nicholas barrack, while the whispered question, "Who is
he--an Alsatian?" went the round of his comrades.

The easy-going smiled amiably, others put themselves on the
defensive, and with the rivalry of racial instinct, drew themselves
up and fixed their hard blue eyes upon the new-comer with an
unflinching stare.

Two other volunteers arrived, and the sergeant, as the clock struck,
preceded the fifteen young men up the staircase, and marshalled them
into a room on the second floor, where the medical examination was
to take place. At eight o'clock the volunteers were again in the
courtyard, no longer grouped as the fancy took them, but drawn up in
two files, the sergeant in attendance. They were awaiting the
colonel. Jean's neighbour was a tall, beardless youth, son of a
manufacturer of Fribourg, with bright eyes, and smooth cheeks, which
bore, however, two scars, one near the nose, and one under the right
eye, souvenirs of his duels as a student. Seeing Jean Oberlé's
dreamy, reserved look, he put it down to timidity caused by his new
surroundings, and took upon himself the office of guide.

Whilst the Alsatian, his arms behind his back, his pale, strong face
turned to the gate, watched the people of Strasburg crossing the
street in the October sun, his companion endeavoured to arouse his
interest in the inhabitants of the barracks.

"You were wrong not to do as I did: I got introductions to several
officers, and even know several of the chief quartermasters. There,
do you see the _wachtmeister_ coming out of the stable; that's
Stubel, hard drinker, great eater, good sort; that other one who is
watching us from the end of the courtyard, the man with a little red
moustache, do you see? That's Gottfried Hamm--a bad sort."

"You know him?"


"Attention!" called the sergeant. "Eyes right!", He himself marched
ten quick steps forward, halted with head erect, his arms hanging
straight at each side, his left hand gripping his sabre below the
guard. He had caught sight of an officer advancing towards them with
deliberate step, wrapped in his grey cloak, the mere sight of whom
had scattered some twenty hussars, who had been leaning against the
walls sunning themselves. The colonel stopped before the first file
of young men, the hope of the German reserve army. He was sanguine,
bustling, and energetic, a very good cavalry-man, broad-shouldered,
with thin legs, hair almost black, and eyes fierce in the interests
of the service.

"These, Colonel," said the sergeant, "are the volunteers for a
year's service."

The colonel frowned immediately, and fixing his eyes on each of
these young men in turn, said severely:

"You are privileged. You are dispensed from more than a year's
service. Be worthy of it. Be an example to the soldiers; remember
that you will be their chiefs later. No breaking of rules, no
larking, no wearing of civilian dress. I shall punish severely."

He asked for the list of volunteers. Seeing Jean's name he mentally
connected it with Lieutenant von Farnow's.

"Volunteer Oberlé," he called out.

Oberlé stepped out of the ranks. Without relaxing the severity of
his expression, the colonel fixed his eyes for a few moments on the
young man's face, thinking to himself that here was the brother of
the Lucienne Oberlé whose hand he had allowed Lieutenant Farnow to
ask in marriage.

"That's right," he said; and saluting rapidly he walked away, his
grey cloak swelling with the north wind.

As he disappeared, a lieutenant in the 1st regiment, adjutant-major
of the Rhenish Hussars, a well-made, distinguished-looking man,
bearing himself in the correct military style, a perfect man of the
world, came towards the group of volunteers, and read an order
assigning to each one his appointed place in such and such a company
and squadron. Jean was to join the 3rd company of the 2nd squadron.

"No luck," murmured his neighbour: "that's Gottfried Hamm's

Henceforward the fifteen volunteers were part of the army; each one
had his allotted place in that well-disciplined multitude, their
responsible chiefs, the right to demand a uniform from such and such
a depot, a horse from such and such a stable. To this they now
turned their attention. Jean and his chance companion, son of a
librarian of Leipzig, made their way to the top floor of the
barrack, entered the clothing-stores and received their uniforms,
leaving behind various articles, such as cavalry cloaks and pairs of
boots, which the _kammer-sergeant_ was pleased to accept for
himself as a token of welcome, or undertook to remit to certain
non-commissioned officers of the company. It was a long business,
and did not finish till past ten. Then there was a visit to the
principal brusher's room, where there was the little wardrobe of
white wood, used henceforth in common by the volunteer and the
soldier; and there was still the visit to the stable sergeant, whose
duty it was to assign to each his horse and second brusher; then
another to the regimental tailor; it was past midday when Jean was
able to leave the barracks and lunch hastily.

For this first day the volunteers were dispensed from returning to
barracks at one o'clock. It was only after the horses had been
groomed that they made their appearance simultaneously as arranged
between themselves, radiant in their shining new uniforms, before
the curious gaze of the cavalry, and the jealous scrutiny of the
non-commissioned officers who examined, as they passed, the cut and
quality of their uniforms, the style of their collars and braid, the
lustre of their shining boots. Among the young men there was only
one who remained a stranger to the self-complacency of the others.
He was thinking of a telegram which he should have received by now,
of which the terms of the pre-arranged code floated before his eyes
all the afternoon. This was his only thought. Anxiety at not hearing
news of his uncle Ulrich's departure, nervousness mixed with a
certain defiance which, in anticipation of the morrow, he mentally
hurled at the authority to which he at present bowed, prevented the
young man from feeling fatigue. It was half-past eight before the
exercises for man and horse were concluded, and then some of the
volunteers were so tired that they sought their beds, supperless.
Jean did likewise, but for a different reason. He went at once to
the Rue des Balayeurs.

The landlady met him at the door:

"There is a telegram for you, M. Oberlé."

Jean went to his room, lit a candle, and read the unsigned telegram
awaiting him:

"All is well."

This meant that all was ready for next day, that M. Ulrich had made
all necessary preparations. The dice were cast; on the 2nd October,
in a few hours, Jean would leave the barracks of Alsace. Although he
never hesitated for a moment, yet, upon reading the words which
settled his fate, the young man was overcome by emotion. The reality
of separation entered his soul more bitterly, and being physically
weary, he wept.

He had thrown himself on his bed fully dressed, his face buried in
his pillow; he thought of all his friends who remained behind in
Alsace, whilst he was an exile for ever; he could hear their
exclamations of pity or indignation when the news reached Alsheim;
he saw the girl he loved, the radiant Odile of Easter Eve, become
the despairing woman who had clung to him in the moment of farewell,
guessing all, yet begging for an answer he could not give. All this
was necessary, irreparable. The night passed slowly. Silence reigned
in the streets. Jean realised that he would soon need all his moral
energy, and endeavoured to lay aside vain visions and regrets,
repeating to himself over and over again the plans settled between
himself and his uncle at their last interview, which he was to carry
out in every detail to-day.

Yes, to-day, for the neighbouring cocks were beginning to crow. It
was not possible to leave by an early train. The rendezvous at the
barracks was fixed for four o'clock, while the first train for
Schirmeck left Strasburg at 5.48; he would not reach Russ-Hersbach
until after seven, and to take it was a great risk. The absence of a
volunteer would be noticed in less than three hours, and the alarm
given. Uncle Ulrich and Jean had come to the conclusion that the
most sure means of crossing the frontier without arousing suspicion
was to take the train which left Strasburg at 12.10 a.m., that is to
say, whilst the volunteers were at lunch.

"I have been over the ground to make sure," said M. Ulrich: "I am
sure of my calculations. You will reach Russ-Hersbach at twenty-one
minutes past one, a trap will take us to Schirmeck in a quarter of
an hour. We turn to the right and reach Grande Fontaine half an hour
later. There we leave the trap, and, thanks to our good legs, we can
reach French ground by two forty-five or fifty. There I leave you
and return."

It was important to catch the 12.10 train, which would be an easy
matter, as the volunteers were usually free by eleven.

Jean fell asleep at last, but not for long. Before four in the
morning he was again at the barracks.

The short repose he had taken had restored his strength of will.
Like most energetic people, Jean was nervous beforehand, but when
the moment of action came difficulties vanished. While the horses
were being groomed, and during the exercises, which lasted till
close on eleven, he was perfectly calm. His attitude was even less
reserved and detached than on the previous day, and his Saxon
comrade remarked upon it.

"Already at home?" he inquired.

Jean smiled. He looked upon buildings, officers, and soldiers, all
the pomp of the German army, with the same feelings as a school-boy
set at liberty looks on the professors and pupils of his college. He
already felt detached from his surroundings, and observed with a
certain amused curiosity the scenes he would never see again.

About eleven he saw at the head of a detachment of Hussars,
Lieutenant Farnow ride into the barracks, superb in his youth and
military splendour. The horses were splashed with mud from their
ride, and the men, tired out, only awaited the signal to halt, that
they might curse the day's exercises. Not in the least weary, Farnow
rode into the courtyard with as much pleasure as though he had been
invited to a hunting party, and was expecting the signal to start.
"There's my sister's future husband," thought Jean; "we shall never
see one another again, and if war breaks out, he is my enemy."

He saw the vision of a tall cavalry chief, charging across a dusty
plain, rising in his stirrups, nostrils distended, shouting out
orders. Farnow, not suspecting the distraction he was causing the
young volunteer, just let his blue eyes linger a minute on the
latter's face. He moved off, followed by his men, to the farther
side of the courtyard. A brief word of command was heard, then the
clashing of arms, and silence. The exercises were prolonged another
half hour, to satisfy the instructor's zeal. At half-past eleven
Jean was rushing up the staircase, knowing that there was barely
time to catch the train, when one of the men of his company called

"There's no time to go out; we have a review at midday: it's the
captain's orders."

Jean continued on up the stairs, not paying the slightest attention
to this obstacle raised at the last minute. His mind was made up. He
was going to leave. He would meet his uncle at Russ-Hersbach, who
would be waiting there with a carriage. Jean's one thought was to
reach the station. He changed hurriedly, and mixing with a group of
men belonging to other companies, and who had no reason to remain in
barracks, he had no difficulty in getting away. When he was in the
street, some yards away from the guard-house, on the pavement of the
rue des Balayeurs he began to run. The clock stood at seventeen
minutes to twelve. Was there time to run the three hundred yards
which lay between him and his apartments, change into civilian dress
and catch the 12.10? It was some distance to the station. On the
other hand there was great risk in attempting to cross the frontier
in uniform. While he was running Jean thought it would be simple to
change in the train or at Russ-Hersbach. Entering the hall, he
called breathlessly to his landlady:

"I am in a great hurry. Will you call a cab? I will be down in a

Three minutes later he ran down carrying a bag into which he had
thrown his civilian clothes, which he had left ready on his bed. He
jumped into the cab, giving as address, "Rue de la Mésange," but at
the next corner he called out: "Drive with all speed to the station,

He reached the station a minute before the time, got his ticket for
Russ-Hersbach, and jumped into a first-class compartment, which
contained two other passengers. A minute later the train had entered
the tunnel under the fortifications, reappeared, and steamed away to
the west, across the plains of Alsace.

At the same moment the captain, who was holding the review in the
courtyard, caught sight of one of the volunteers attached to his
company, and turning to the _wachtmeister_ said: "Where is the

"I have not seen him, Captain," Hamm replied, and turning to the
young Saxon, Oberlé's comrade: "Do you know where he is?"

"He went out after the exercises, sir, and has not returned."

"I won't punish him this time," growled the captain; "no doubt he
misunderstood, but speak to him in my name when he returns, Hamm;
don't forget."

There was no immediate alarm, but when the men again assembled at
one o'clock for the grooming of the horses, which went on every
afternoon from one to two o'clock, Jean's absence could not fail to
be noticed. The whole length of the wall outside the stables, horses
tethered to iron rings were being brushed down by men, amongst whom
were the volunteers receiving a lesson in the art. The sergeants
looked on nonchalantly when the _wachtmeister_ of the 3rd Company
came out of his office, and made his way to the south side of the
court, where Oberlé should have been. He bit his red moustache as
his eyes wandered up and down the ranks.

"Oberlé has not come back?" he asked. The same man as before

"When he left the barracks he ran towards his apartments."

"Did you see him in the mess-room?"

"He did not lunch with us."

"That'll do," said the _wachtmeister_.

Hamm turned away briskly. The expression of his face and eyes showed
that he considered the situation serious. Serious for Oberlé, but
equally serious for himself. Neither the captain nor the lieutenant
was in barracks at the moment. If there was trouble the captain
would not fail to ask why he had not been warned. Hamm crossed the
courtyard, thinking over what he ought to do, and recalling a remark
of the brigadier of Obernai. When Gottfried was at Obernai a
fortnight before, he had said to him: "You are going to have
Oberlé's son in your regiment. Keep an eye on him. I shall be
surprised if he does not create some disturbance. He is the
counterpart of his grandfather, a madman who hates Germans, and who
is quite capable of any folly."

But before taking zealous action it was necessary to know some
details. This was easy: the rue des Balayeurs faced the gateway.
Hamm brushed his blue tunic with his hand, left the barracks, and
made his way to a large house on the left with green shutters.

"Left in a cab, before midday, carrying a bag," was the answer
Jean's landlady gave him.

"What address did he give?"

"Rue de la Mésange."

"Any number?"

"I don't know; anyway I heard none."

Hamm's suspicions became more definite. The _wachtmeister_ no longer
hesitated. He hastened to the captain's quarters in the

The captain was out.

Disappointed and warm from his sharp walk, Hamm took a short cut to
the barracks, through the University gardens. He suddenly remembered
that close by in the rue Grandidier, lived Lieutenant Farnow. It is
true the lieutenant did not belong to the 2nd squadron, but Hamm
knew of his engagement. It had been talked of among the officers. He
made his way to the superb stone house and mounted to the first

"The lieutenant is dressing," replied the orderly to his question.

Von Farnow in shirt and trousers was dressing before paying certain
calls, and going to the officers' casino. In trousers and shirt he
was leaning over his toilet-table with its bevelled glass, washing
his face. The room was perfumed with eau-de-cologne, brushes and
manicure set were strewn round him. He turned as the door opened,
his face all wet.

"What is the matter, Hamm?" he cried, seizing a towel.

"I took upon myself to call upon you, lieutenant, as the captain is
not there, and Oberlé----"

"Oberlé? What has he done?" Farnow interrupted nervously.

"He has not put in an appearance since half-past eleven this

Farnow, who was drying his face, threw down the towel violently on
the table, and approached the non-commissioned officer. He
remembered Madame Oberlé's fears. "He thinks as I do," thought Hamm.

"Has not come back? Have you been to the rue des Balayeurs?"

"Yes, lieutenant; he left the house in a cab at ten minutes to

The young lieutenant felt as though death's icy hand was on his
heart. He closed his eyes for a moment, and with a violent effort
regained his composure.

"There is only one thing to do, Hamm," he said. He was deadly pale,
but not a muscle of his face quivered. "You must warn your captain,
and he will do what is prescribed in such cases."

Farnow turned calmly, and looked at the ornamental clock on his

"One-forty--you must be quick."

The _wachtmeister_ saluted and withdrew.

The lieutenant ran to the adjoining study, and asked to be connected
with the Strasburg station. Ten minutes later the telephone bell
rang, and he learnt that a volunteer of the 9th Hussars, in uniform,
had reached the station at the last moment with a valise portmanteau
and taken a first-class ticket to Russ-Hersbach.

"It's impossible," exclaimed Farnow, throwing himself on to the
sofa; "there must be some mistake Russ-Hersbach is almost on the
frontier. Jean would not desert--he is in love; he must be at
Alsheim--he must at least have wanted to see Odile again. I must
find out."

"Hermann," he called, rapping with his knuckles on the mahogany

The orderly, a stolid German, opened the door.

"Saddle my horse and yours immediately."

Farnow was soon ready; he hastened downstairs, found the horses
waiting, crossed Strasburg, and once past the fortifications,
spurred his horse to a sharp trot.

As he neared Alsheim, Jean's desertion seemed to him more credible.
Every detail of his conversation with Madame Oberlé came back to
him, and other reasons as well for believing the calamity against
which his imperious will was fighting desperately. "He does not
understand Germany; he was glorying in it at Councillor Brausig's.
And then his disunited family--a disunion increased by my
engagement. But then he is himself engaged, or almost; and
characters like his, French characters, must be dominated by love.
No; I shall find him there--or have news of him."

It was warm; the long dusty road stretched from village to village,
without shade, a thin line between the fields, now bare of their
crops. The sky hung over them like brass, on the horizon banks of
motionless clouds rose above the Vosges, throwing out rays of light.
The horses, covered with sweat, continued to gallop. Under the
scattered walnut-trees, among the stubble, children raised their
switches and shouted as the riders passed them.

"Is the lieutenant crazy?" thought Hermann; "he is going faster and

Farnow's anguish increased as he drew nearer his destination. "If I
do not find him," he murmured, "supposing he has----"

Obernai was passed on the right. A sign-post at the cross roads
pointed to Alsheim, and soon the blue roof of the Oberlés' house
appeared among the green.

"Lucienne, Lucienne, Lucienne!"

The house seemed to slumber in the heavy heat of the autumn day, the
silence being broken only by a feeble, monotonous voice. Seated near
grandfather Oberlé's chair, in the room which the invalid could
never hope to leave, Madame Oberlé was reading aloud the _Journal
d'Alsace_, which the postman had just delivered.

Through the open window her voice could be heard murmuring as though
engaged in the rhythmic recital of the rosary. In the billiard-room
above, that which was still called Jean's room, M. Joseph Oberlé was
dozing behind the curtain, on his knees lay several letters, and a
copy of the _Strasburger Post_. At the end of the room Lucienne
could be seen writing at a Louis XVI. desk.

"Monsieur? Monsieur Oberlé?"

Joseph Oberlé jumped up and threw open the door, which was ajar,
meeting the concierge running towards him.

"Why do you call me; you know I don't like----"

He remained speaking with the man for a minute, and returned

"My Lucienne, Herr von Farnow is waiting for you at the park gate."

She rose, blushing.

"Why doesn't he come in?"

"It appears that he is on horseback, and in a great hurry. Perhaps
he dares not. Go and fetch him, my darling; tell him from me that
there shall be no disturbance, that I will prevent any further

With a gesture he implied that he would bolt all the doors sooner,
especially that of the room whence came the monotonous voice reading
the paper.

She looked in the glass, arranging her hair. He repeated:

"Run, my treasure; he is asking for you. If you don't return quickly
I'll come for you."

She nodded, and ran down the steps two at a time. She walked rapidly
down the avenue, happy, yet troubled, her mouth slightly open, her
eyes seeking Farnow.

At the end of the avenue she caught sight of the two steaming horses
on the road held by the orderly, and almost at the same moment the
lieutenant came towards her.

Farnow's usually pale face was flushed, his expression troubled; he
hastened, but with no sign of joy, towards Lucienne, who came half
running to meet him, trying to laugh.

"How are you, Wilhelm? What a nice surprise!"

The lieutenant raised his hat, but made no reply. He took her hand,
and drew her aside; he did not raise it to his lips; no accustomed
words of admiration came from him; his eyes were hard and feverish,
and he drew her near the wood-yard close by.

Lucienne continued to smile bravely, though her heart was heavy with
painful dread.

"Where are you taking me? Who is this churlish friend, who won't
even say good day? You, so particular----"

"Come, we shan't be seen here," he said; he drew her behind a pile
of wood into a kind of retreat formed by three unequal piles of
planks. Farnow dropped Lucienne's hand.

"Is Jean here? Be careful; is he at Alsheim?"

His eyes expressed his anguish, his manner an imperious will
struggling against calamity.

"No; he is not here," replied Lucienne simply.

"You expect him, then?"


"Then we are lost, mademoiselle, lost!"


"Yes; if he is not here he has deserted."

"Ah!" The young girl recoiled, supporting herself against the wood,
her eyes haggard, her arms outstretched.

"Deserted? Lost? Can't you see that you are killing me with such
words? Do you really mean Jean? Deserted! Are you sure?"

"Since he is not here, I am convinced of it. He took a ticket for
Russ-Hersbach--do you understand, Russ-Hersbach? He must be across
the frontier. He left Strasburg more than three hours ago." He
laughed harshly, angrily, beside himself with misery.

"Don't you remember? He swore to your mother he would go to the
barracks. He did go. To-day the time for his promise expired, and he
deserted. And now...."

"Yes ... now?"

Lucienne asked no proof. She believed it. Her bosom heaved; she let
go her hold on the wood, and joined her hands beseechingly. She was
obliged to repeat her question; Farnow stood motionless,
grief-stricken. "What shall you do now, Wilhelm?"

Farnow drew himself up in his dusty uniform; his brow was

"I must leave you," he said in a low voice."

"Leave me, because my brother has deserted?"


"But this is madness!"

"It is my duty as a soldier."

"Then you do not love me?"

"Love you. Ah!... But honour forbids me to marry you. I cannot
become the brother-in-law of a deserter. I am an officer, a von

"Well, cease to be an officer and continue to love me," cried
Lucienne, holding out her arms to the rigid figure in blue.
"Wilhelm, true honour consists in loving me, Lucienne Oberlé, in
keeping the promise you made me! Leave my brother to go his own
way, but don't spoil our two lives."

Farnow could scarcely speak; the veins of his neck were swollen with
his efforts for self-control.

"There is worse to come," he said at last, "you must know the truth,
Lucienne. I must denounce him."

"Denounce him? Jean? You cannot. I forbid you!" cried Lucienne with
a gesture of horror.

"I must do so. Military law compels me to do so."

"It is not true!--it is too cruel."

"I will prove it to you. Hermann!"

Hermann came forward in amazement.

"Listen. What is the article of the law relating to any person who
has knowledge of a plan of desertion?"

The soldier collected his thoughts, and recited:

"Any one who shall have credible knowledge of a plan of desertion,
when there is still time to frustrate it, and who does not give
information thereof to his superiors, is liable to be imprisoned for
ten months, and during war for three years."

"Quick! To horse!" cried Farnow. "We must start.

"Farewell, Lucienne."

She ran forward and seized his arm.

"No, no, you must not go; I shall not let you."

He gazed a moment on her tear-stained face, where ardent love and
sorrow were mingled.

"You must not go! Do you hear?" she repeated.

Farnow lifted her from the ground, pressed her against his breast
and kissed her passionately. By the despairing violence of his kiss,
Lucienne realised it was indeed farewell.

He put her from him brusquely, ran to the gate, leapt to the saddle,
and galloped away in the direction of Obernai.



Night was falling, but Jean was still on German soil. He was
sleeping, worn out with fatigue; he lay stretched upon a bed of moss
and fir cones, while M. Ulrich watched, on the look out for fresh
danger, still trembling from the danger he had just escaped. The two
men had crept into a space between two stacks of branches left by
the wood-cutters, who had been thinning the fir-tree plantation. The
branches, still green, stretched from one stack to the other, making
their hiding-place more secure. A storm of wind blew across the
mountain, but otherwise no sound could be heard upon the heights.

Two hours must have passed since Jean and his uncle had taken refuge
in their hiding-place.

When the train reached Russ-Hersbach, M. Ulrich had at once seen and
said that the moment for Jean to change his uniform had passed. Even
such a little thing as that would have excited too much attention in
that frontier province, peopled by visible and invisible watchers,
where the stones listen and the fir-trees are spies. He threw the
valise to the coachman of the landau engaged three days previously
at Schirmeck.

"Here's some useless luggage," he cried, "fortunately it's not
heavy. Drive quickly, coachman."

The carriage crossed the poverty-stricken village, reached the town
of Schirmeck, and quitting there the principal valley turned to the
right into the narrow winding valley leading to Grande Fontaine. No
suspicious glances followed the travellers, but witnesses of their
passing increased. And this was serious. Although Jean was sitting
with his back to the driver, partially hidden by the blinds and
partially by the cloak which M. Ulrich had thrown over him, yet
there was no doubt the uniform of the 9th Hussars had been seen by
two gendarmes in the streets of Schirmeck, by workmen on the road,
and by the douanier who was smoking and had continued to smoke his
pipe so tranquilly, sitting under the trees on the left of the first
bridge by which one entered Grande Fontaine.

Every moment M. Ulrich thought, "Now the alarm will be given!
Perhaps it has been already, and one of the state's innumerable
agents will come up, question us, and insist upon our following them
whatever we may say."

He did not tell Jean of his anxiety, and the young man, excited by
the spirit of adventure, was quite different to the Jean of

In spite of the steepness and stoniness of the path by the mountain
stream, the horses made good headway, and soon the houses of Grande
Fontaine came into sight. The beech-wood of Donon, all velvety and
golden and crowned with firs, rose in front of them. At 2.15 the
carriage stopped in the middle of the village, in a kind of sloping
square, where a spring of water flows into a huge stone trough. The
travellers got out, for here the carriage road ended.

"Wait for us at the inn of Rémy Naeger," said M. Ulrich; "we will go
for a walk, and return in an hour. Drink a bottle of Molsheim wine
at my expense, and give the horse a double portion of oats."

M. Ulrich and Jean, leaving on the right the path which mounts to
Donon, immediately took the path to the left, a narrow road with
houses, gardens, and hedges on either side, which connects Grande
Fontaine with the last village of the upper valley, that of the

They had scarcely gone two hundred yards when they caught sight of
the keeper of Mathiskop coming out of his house, in his green
uniform and Tyrolese hat, descending towards them. Seeing that the
man would be obliged to pass them on the road M. Ulrich was afraid.

"There is a uniform, Jean, which I don't care to meet at present.
Let us go by the forest."

The forest was on the left. They were the fir woods of Mathiskop,
and farther on those of the Corbeille, thickly wooded slopes rising
higher and higher, where a hiding-place would be easy to discover.
Jean and his uncle jumped the hedge, crossed some yards of meadow,
and entered the shadow of the fir wood. It was none too soon; the
military authorities had given the alarm; warning had been
telephoned to all the different posts to keep a look out for the
deserter Oberlé. The keeper they had seen had not yet received the
warning, and passed out of sight, but M. Ulrich, by means of his old
field-glass of Jena days, could see that there was excitement in the
usually quiet valley, where a number of douaniers and gendarmes
could be seen hurrying about. They also hurried to the Mathiskop
forest, and the chase commenced.

M. Ulrich and Jean were not captured, but they had been sighted;
they were tracked from wood to wood for more than an hour, and were
prevented from reaching the frontier, to do which they would have
been compelled to cross the open valley. M. Ulrich had the happy
idea of climbing to the top of a stack of wood and letting himself
down into the opening between two stacks, Jean followed his
example. This had been their salvation, the gendarmes beat about the
wood for some time, and then made off in the direction of Glacimont.

Night was falling, and Jean slept. Banks of clouds rose before the
wind, and hastened the darkness. A flight of crows crossed their
hiding-place, brushing the tree tops. The flapping of their wings
woke M. Ulrich from the reverie into which he had fallen while
contemplating his nephew dressed in the uniform of a German soldier,
lying stretched on Alsatian soil. He rose and gingerly climbed to
the top of the stack.

"Well, uncle," asked Jean, waking up, "what do you see?"

"Nothing, no gendarme's helmet, no douanier's cap," whispered M.
Ulrich. "I think they have lost the scent; but with such persons one
cannot be sure."

"And the valley of the Minières?"

"Appears to be deserted, my friend. No one on the roads, no one in
the fields. The keeper himself must have gone home to supper--there
is smoke coming from his chimney. How do you feel, boy--valiant?"

"If we are pursued, you'll soon see."

"I don't think we shall be. But the hour has come, my boy."

He added after a short interval, whilst he pretended to listen:
"Come up whilst we lay some plan of campaign."

"You see below the village of the Minières?" asked M. Ulrich, as
Jean's head appeared above the branches and turned towards the west.


"In spite of the mist and the darkness, can you make out that on the
other side the mountain is covered partly with fir- and partly with

"I guess it."

"We are going to make a half circle to avoid the gardens and fields
of the Minières, and when we are just opposite that spot, you will
only have to descend two hundred yards and you will be in France."

Jean made no answer.

"That's the spot I marked out for you. See that you recognise it.
Over there round Raon-sur-Plaine, the Germans have kept all the
forests for themselves; the barren lands they have left to France.
On the opposite side, facing us, there is an extensive strip of
meadow land which is French territory. I even saw a deserted
farmhouse, abandoned before the war, I suppose. I'll go first."

"Excuse me, I'll go first."

"No; I assure you, my boy, that the danger is equally great behind.
I must be guide. I go first; we'll avoid the pathways, and I will
lead you carefully to a point where you have only one thing to do:
go straight ahead and cross a road, then a few yards of underwood,
and beyond is French soil."

M. Ulrich embraced Jean silently and quickly; he did not wish to
lose control of himself, when all depended on calmness.

"Come," he said.

They commenced the descent under cover of the tall fir-trees which
commenced just there. The slope was strewn with obstacles, against
which Jean or his uncle frequently stumbled, moss-covered stones,
fallen and rotten trunks, broken branches, like claws stretched out
in the darkness to bar the way. Every moment M. Ulrich stopped to
listen and would frequently look round, to make sure that Jean's
tall form was close behind him--it was too dark to see his face.

"They'll be checkmated, uncle," whispered Jean.

"Not too fast, my Jean; we are not yet safe."

Still under cover, the fugitives reached the meadows of the
Minières, and began to ascend the mountain opposite, but without
quitting cover.

When M. Ulrich reached the summit he stopped and sniffed the wind,
which blew more freely through the young trees.

"Do you smell the air of France?" he murmured, in spite of the
danger of talking.

A plain stretched in front of them, but was invisible; they could
distinguish the trees, which seemed like stationary smoke below, and
above were the scurrying clouds. M. Ulrich cautiously began the
descent, listening eagerly. An owl flew by. They had to make their
way a short distance through a prickly undergrowth which clung to
their clothes.

Suddenly a voice in the forest called:


M. Ulrich stooped, his hand on Jean's shoulder.

"Don't move," he whispered quickly. "I'll call them off, by turning
towards the Minières. As soon as they follow me, get up, run off,
cross the road and then the little coppice--it's a straight line in
front of you. Adieu."

He rose up, took a few steps cautiously, and then made off quickly
through the woods.

"_Halt! Halt!_"

A report rang out, and as the noise died away under the branches M.
Ulrich's voice, already some distance off, called:


At the same moment Jean Oberlé made a rush for the frontier. Head
lowered, seeing nothing, his elbows squared, his chest lashed by the
branches, he ran with all his might. He passed within a few inches
of a man lying in ambush. The branches were pushed aside, a whistle
was blown, Jean redoubled his efforts. He reached the road unawares;
another report rang out on the edge of the wood. Jean rolled over on
the edge of the copse. Cries arose:

"Here he is! Here he is! Come."

Jean jumped up instantly and dived into the wood. He thought he had
stumbled over a rut. He leapt into the copse. But his legs shook
under him. He felt with anguish a growing faintness overcoming him.
The cries of his pursuers rang in his ears, everything swam before
his eyes. He came upon an open space, felt the fresh wind on his
face and lost consciousness.

       *       *       *       *       *

Late at night he came to his senses. A storm was raging over the
forest; he saw that he was lying on a bed of green boughs, in an
empty room of the disused farm, lit by a small lantern. A man was
bending over him. Jean realised that it was a French keeper. His
first sensation of fear was dissipated by the man's welcome smile.

"Were other shots fired?" he inquired.

"No, no others."

"So much the better; then Uncle Ulrich is safe--he accompanied me to
the frontier. I was in the army, but I have come to be a soldier in
our own land."

Jean saw that his tunic had been taken off and that there was blood
on his shirt. It hurt him to breathe.

"What's wrong with me?" he asked.

"You were hit in the shoulder," said the man, who would have wept if
he had not been too ashamed to do so. "It'll heal; fortunately, my
comrade and I were making our rounds when you stumbled into the
field. The doctor will be here at break of day--don't be alarmed, my
comrade has gone to fetch him. Who are you?"

Half conscious, Jean Oberlé replied: "Alsace----" but he could
scarcely speak.

Rain was falling heavily; it hammered upon roof and doors, upon the
trees and rocks surrounding the house. The tops of the trees shook
and twisted in the storm like seaweed tossed upon the bosom of the
ocean. The murmur of a million voices rose in harmony over the
mountains, and thundered upon the night.

The wounded man listened--in his weakened state what did he hear? He

"It is France," he murmured; "she sings to me," and he fell back
with closed eyes awaiting the dawn.

_Printed by Hazell, Watson & Viney, Ld., London and Aylesbury,

List of corrections:

Page 137: Bateliers instead of Bateliels (Quay des Bateliers).
Page 145: Temperament instead of Temparament (all that his
            temperament allowed him)
Page 198; Alberschweiler instead of Albertchweiles (But at
            Alberschweiler they have forbidden)

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