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´╗┐Title: Our Battery - The Journal of Company B, 1st O.V.A.
Author: Cutter, Orlando P.
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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Libraries.)



  OUR BATTERY;
  OR THE
  JOURNAL OF COMPANY B,
  1st O. V. A.,


  BY O. P. CUTTER.


  CLEVELAND, OHIO:
  NEVINS' BOOK AND JOB PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT.
  1864.



DEDICATION.


To COLONEL JAMES BARNETT, commanding the First Ohio Artillery, than whom a
braver, or kinder hearted man to the soldier does not exist, this humble
work is respectfully inscribed by his friend,

THE AUTHOR.



AUTHOR'S NOTE.--This little work was hastily written during the leisures
of Camp Life, and without any intention of ever putting it in print. But,
by the urgent entreaties of his companions-in-arms, the author has finally
concluded to risk it--incomplete though it be--in the hands of a generous
public.



OUR BATTERY.



CHAPTER I.


In accordance with the Proclamation of President Lincoln, calling out
troops for three years, or during the war--which in future history will be
better known as the great Southern Rebellion--a Regiment of Light
Artillery was at once organized in this State, and the command given to
COL. JAMES BARNETT, of Cleveland, than whom no person was more qualified
for the position. For many years previous to the present outbreak he had
interested himself in the study of Artillery, and for some time commanded
a battery in this city, which, under his skillful management, became
highly proficient.

Of the batteries composing the above regiment, Co. B, of which we are
about to give the Journal, was the second organized, and W. E. Standart
elected Captain, and J. A. Bennett and J. H. Sypher as First Lieutenants,
and N. A. Baldwin and E. P. Sturges for Second Lieutenants. All the
commissioned officers and a portion of the non-commissioned and privates,
were residents of Cleveland or its vicinity.

On Thursday, September 4th, 1861, the company having been recruited to the
maximum number, we took our departure from Cleveland. A large number of
relatives and friends had assembled at the depot to see us off. At 2.40
P. M., the train on which we embarked moved slowly out of the depot amid
the cheers of the people. At Grafton, Wellington, and other points along
the road, we were joined by a large number of recruits, who had enlisted
in these and surrounding towns. Many of their friends and relatives were
present to bid the bold "soger boys" good bye. Early the same evening we
arrived at Columbus, were delayed for an hour, then got under way, and
reached Camp Dennison the following morning, when we at once formed in
line and marched to our quarters.

At Camp Dennison commenced our first experience of a soldier's life. We
were quartered in shanties built for the purpose, eight or ten persons to
each. The first day was passed in looking around the Camp. The next, we
had guard mounting, and were given the order of the day. Each day we were
twice drilled, and soon became quite proficient in handling the guns. A
few days after arriving at Camp we were regularly mustered into the United
States' service, when we received our clothing and equipments, and now
pitched our tents for the first time, in a beautiful grove about one mile
from our old quarters. The horses, harness, and other necessary articles
soon arrived, and on the 5th of October orders were received to hold
ourselves in readiness to march at an hours' notice. Each member of the
battery was assigned his position, and all was got in readiness to march.

On Sunday morning following, the order was given to strike tents, harness
horses, and be prepared to march without delay; and, although it was then
raining heavily, no time was lost. Every one was actively engaged in
getting ready. Soon came word to move, but some of our horses were
inclined to disobey orders, as they refused to proceed. Camp life had not
been without its charms to them; they had no inclination to give up "going
to grass," so soon; but, after considerable coaxing, and a little
"persuasive force," we were finally on the road, and with but little
adventure, aside from our horses being once or twice stalled in the mud,
we reached Cincinnati.

On arriving at the "Queen City," we were quartered at the Elm street
barracks. The building is quite extensive, and built of brick. It was
formerly used as an Orphan Asylum, and was thus rather suggestive to us
poor soldiers. How many of our little band of warm hearts would ever again
sit in the sunshine of home? How many of the loved and true would look

  For the brave men who'd come never again,
  To hearths that are broken, to hearts that are lone.

None could know the ending.

Quartered in the same building was Kinney's battery of our own regiment.
We remained here but two days, during which we were visited by a large
number of citizens, and by them shown much attention.

On the morning of October 8th, we were on the march to Kentucky, and
crossed the Ohio river. Arriving at Covington we at once commenced getting
our horses and guns on board the cars, after which we were formed in line
and marched to the market house, where we partook of a good dinner that
had been provided for us by the loyal and patriotic ladies and gentlemen
of Covington. When we had eaten to our hearts' content, our haversacks
were abundantly filled by fair hands; then, giving nine rousing cheers for
Covington's noble sons and daughters, we reformed in line and marched back
to the depot. In a short time all were on board the cars and under way. We
passed through Cynthiana and several small towns and arrived at Lexington,
where we remained until daylight. The cars containing the horses were sent
forward to Nicholsville, the drivers going with them. Those who remained
at Lexington were marched up to one of the hotels and treated to a good
breakfast. During the forenoon the entire train reached Nicholasville, our
guns and equipments were landed, and in a short time we were once more on
the march.

Early the following morning we arrived at Camp Dick Robinson, having
marched sixteen miles over a good turnpike road, and through what is
called "the blue grass regions." This part of the country is said to be
the finest in Kentucky. We pitched our tents in an extensive field, and
found quite a large body of troops who had preceded us, numbering about
six thousand. The place is poorly adapted for a camping ground, wood and
water being quite unhandy. We were obliged to go three miles to the
Kentucky river to water our horses. After remaining here eight days,
during a portion of which time it rained, on the night of October 18th we
received orders to be ready to march early the next morning.



CHAPTER II.

BATTLE OF WILD CAT.


Early the following morning, in accordance with orders, all were actively
engaged in making preparations to march; and, from certain indications, it
was evident that we were shortly to be called on to take part in our first
battle. It had been reported that the rebels, under Gen. Zollicoffer, were
advancing from Cumberland Gap to attack the Union force stationed at Camp
Wild Cat. The men were all in high spirits at the prospect of soon meeting
the enemy in battle array. At an early hour we were on the march, being
accompanied by the Fourteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, under command of
Col. Steedman.

At noon, we passed through the pretty little town of Lancaster. The
citizens are nearly all Unionists, and they greeted us kindly as we passed
along. A number of ladies brought out such provisions as they had ready
cooked, and gave to us freely. At sundown, we arrived at Crab Orchard,
having marched twenty miles during the day. We here camped for the night,
it raining heavily at the time.

Next morning, after a hasty breakfast, were again on the tramp. After
passing Crab Orchard we left the beaten turnpike over which we had for
some time been traveling; and now commenced the worst trial we had yet
undergone. Over rocks, into ruts, through mud, onward we went; when, about
ten o'clock, reports reached us that the enemy had already commenced the
attack on the First Kentucky Infantry stationed at Wild Cat, and which was
yet some twenty miles distant. We therefore hurried along as speedily as
the rough nature of the ground would admit, and, at four o'clock, halted
at a small creek and were ordered to feed our horses and prepare supper
with all possible dispatch, to be ready for an all night march. Instantly,
all was activity. Ammunition chests were overhauled, and things got in
readiness for the coming battle.

At dark the word "forward" was given, and away we went over hills, through
valleys, and through the interminable mud. Such roads! The one leading to
"Jordan" can hardly be more difficult of passage. The moon, however, was
shining brightly, and all night long we held our toilsome way. No word of
complaint, not a murmur was heard, but with a silence only broken by the
heavy tread of our horses, and the creaking and rattling of the caissons
and gun carriages, we passed slowly forward. We were about to engage in
our first battle for the country we loved; the country that gave us birth;
and that was enough to quicken the blood, to rouse our nerves for the
coming conflict.

At daylight we arrived at Rock Castle River, and here made a halt to feed
horses and get breakfast. On the opposite side of the river lay Wild Cat
Mountain, where we soon expected to meet the foe. Breakfast was soon
dispatched, and on crossing the river, which was done by fording, we were
met by messengers with orders to hurry forward, as the battle had already
begun. Although we had a steep and rugged mountain of some three miles in
hight to ascend, and were much fatigued with our last night's march, the
whip and spur were freely applied to our horses, and hurrying along at
double quick were soon at the scene of action.

In less than ten minutes after our arrival we were in position, and at
once opened on the enemy. They were rather taken by surprise, it being the
first intimation they had received that there was any artillery on the
ground. The fighting, up to this time, had been done by infantry and
cavalry. The Rebels were in a deep ravine, and so thick were the trees we
were unable to obtain sight of them from our position, and were only
guided by the smoke from their guns.

The Thirty-third Indiana Infantry were posted on a hill directly opposite
our battery, while the Seventeenth Ohio and First Kentucky Infantry,
together with a part of Woolford's Cavalry, were stationed away to our
right. The Fourteenth Ohio Infantry were drawn up in line to our left. The
Rebels were making efforts to drive the Thirty-third Indiana from their
position. Every shot from our guns told with good effect, and the battle
continued at intervals during the day. About three o'clock in the
afternoon the firing became quite brisk, and lasted for half an hour. At
this time we rapidly threw shells into the enemy's cover, which they did
not much relish, for their fire soon perceptibly diminished, and finally
ceased. All was now quiet. At dark, one section of our battery, under
Lieutenant Sypher, moved over to where the Thirty-third Indiana held
position. It being through the woods, and as there was no road, the guns
were of necessity dragged by hand; but there were willing hearts and stout
hands at the work, and it was speedily and safely effected.

About midnight the enemy endeavored to outflank us, but in this they were
foiled; for we opened on them, throwing two or three shot, when they at
once fell back to their old position, and all again became quiet.

In the morning, nothing was to be seen or heard of the enemy. They had
doubtless come to the sage conclusion,

  "That those who fly may fight again,
  Which he can never do that's slain,"

and so had quietly decamped. They had been badly whipped, and only wanted
to be "let alone." Their force was estimated to be about seven thousand,
while ours did not exceed two thousand, and five hundred actively engaged.
The Rebel loss could not have been less than two hundred and fifty killed
and wounded. Our loss was four killed and twenty wounded. Twenty-eight of
the enemy's dead were left on the field, and were buried by our soldiers.
Three of their wounded fell into our hands, two of whom died the next day.
Owing to the wild and rugged nature of the country, immediate pursuit was
impossible, otherwise we would have "gobbled" the greater part of their
force. The ground on which the battle was fought is said to have been the
favorite hunting ground of Daniel Boone, the pioneer of Kentucky. It was
rather a romantic place for a battle.



CHAPTER III.

ON THE ROAD AGAIN.


We remained at Camp Wild Cat until Thursday, Oct. 24th, and then took up
our line of march on the track of the fleeing Rebels. All along the road
were evidences of their work of destruction, as, in their retreat, they
destroyed bridges, fences, and even houses. Carcasses of horses, cattle
and hogs, were strewn along the roadside. In many places they had felled
large trees across the road to cover their retreat. We also saw several
graves where they had buried their dead.

In the afternoon of the same day, we arrived at what is called Pittman's X
Roads. The Richmond road here intersects the Lexington and Cumberland Gap
road. The place derives its name from an old settler.

We here pitched our tents upon a pretty knoll. It was quite convenient to
wood and water, and was the most pleasant place we had yet occupied.

While here, large reinforcements were received, being an entire brigade,
composed of the following regiments, namely: Fourteenth, Seventeenth and
Thirty-eighth Ohio; Thirty-third Indiana; First Kentucky; First and Second
Tennessee; all Infantry, and a small detachment of Woolford's Cavalry,
with our own and Kinney's Batteries, of the First Ohio Artillery.

While here, we had several night alarms, but none of them proved of much
consequence. In each instance, however, we were promptly prepared for any
emergency. A few days later, word came to strike tents and proceed on to
London, some three miles distant.

We reached London about noon of the same day, and took our bivouac in a
large field on the outskirts of the town. Some of the brigade arrived the
night previous, having been pushed forward, from a report that the enemy
were advancing on the place. This, however, proved false. But we at once
took up good positions, and made preparations to resist any attack.
Detachments were sent out to reconnoiter, but without discovering any
signs of the Rebels. They had retired to their old quarters at Cumberland
Gap.

The country around London is rough and mountainous, and the people are
mostly of the poorer class. They are generally loyal to the "old flag."
The population of the town is about five hundred. Most of the inhabitants
had fled on the approach of the Rebel army, but returned to their homes on
our arrival. The buildings are, for the greater part, rickety affairs.
There are but few good houses in the place. The stars and stripes, which
had been torn down by vandal hands, were again raised, when the people
were addressed by those noble patriots, Andy Johnson and Horace Maynard,
both of Tennessee.

After remaining here quietly for two weeks, we changed our camping ground,
moving about a mile west of the town, the officers thinking it to be a
more desirable place for the purpose. But ere the tents had been pitched,
an order came to cook three days' rations, and be prepared to march early
in the evening. All wondered what was up, and various were the
conjectures. The most reasonable supposition was, that we were going to
attack the enemy. What was our surprise, when, on forming into line, to
find ourselves faced towards Wild Cat.

At last came the word to march. Regiment after regiment fell into line as
we filed past, for our battery was to take the lead. Soon the entire
brigade was in motion. Wild Cat was reached and passed, but forward was
the order. It was now past midnight, with the moon shining brightly. Rock
Castle river was crossed; and after marching some two miles further we
came to a halt. In the meantime the moon had sunk beyond the western
hills, and it was now quite dark. Fires were built, around which we
gathered and patiently waited for daylight. Our brigade was strewn along
the road for miles, and their watch-fires streamed brightly athwart the
gloom, but all was quiet, save the mournful hoot of an owl perched in the
neighboring forest, and the measured tread of the sentinels as they paced
their weary beat.

Daylight came at last, and with it came rain. The command was given to
move on, and forward we went, the rain pouring down in torrents, and the
roads in a horrible condition. At almost every step, poor, weary, worn out
soldiers sank by the road-side, being completely exhausted and unable to
proceed further.

About four o'clock in the afternoon, the advance of our battery arrived at
Mount Vernon. Here they halted for the remainder to come up, but finally
took up quarters in a large field just in rear of the town, and it was
decided upon to remain there for the night. Our guns came stringing along,
and at dark all had not arrived. A small quantity of coffee was procured,
from which, with some raw pork, we made the best meal we could. Fires
were kindled, around which the weary souls gathered to obtain, if
possible, a little sleep. Some crouched under wagons, others stowed
themselves away in sheds and barns. The wagons containing our tents and
mess chests were still back on the road.

Such a night as we passed through, will never be forgotten. All were wet
to the skin, and many had no overcoats nor blankets.

Morning came at last, and with it a bright sun; but the air was raw and
chilly. A breakfast similar to last night's supper was procured and soon
eaten. After waiting some time for the rest of the battery to come up, we
finally moved on without them. A march of ten miles brought us to a short
distance from Crab Orchard. Here, much to our satisfaction, we were
ordered to encamp. No time was lost in obeying the command, and what few
tents had arrived were soon pitched. A hasty supper was cooked, and as
speedily demolished. Soon, all had turned in for a night's rest, being the
first we had been able to obtain for two days.

Thus ended one of the most disastrous forced marches during the war. Many
a poor fellow owes his death to this cause.

The day following, the rest of the battery arrived, and we remained here
until Tuesday noon, the 19th of November, when we were ordered to march,
our destination being Lebanon. Alonzo Starr, of our company, died the
night previous at Mount Vernon, a victim of the forced march above
alluded to. His remains were sent home in charge of Corporal Blanchard.
This was the first death in the battery. A number of our sick were left
behind; one of whom, E. K. Bailey, died on the 17th of December. After
marching about eight miles during the day, we encamped for the night, and
the next morning were again on the move, marching some eighteen miles,
when we halted near a small creek. The weather up to this time had been
quite pleasant, but the following morning it commenced raining, still we
pushed forward, the rain continuing during the day. In the afternoon
passed through the village of Caynaville, rather a small place. The same
night pitched our tents in a field near a creek, about six miles from
Lebanon. The weather on the next day was clear but quite cold, and we
again resumed our march. Daring the forenoon we halted and camped on a
high hill, a short distance from the town, which lay in plain view. The
Fourteenth Ohio Infantry were still with us. Four days later our right
section was ordered forward to Somerset, it having been reported that a
large Rebel force under Zollicoffer had made an attack on the Twelfth
Kentucky Infantry, Col. Hoskins, who were camped on the Cumberland River,
about five miles from Somerset. According to orders, at nine o'clock in
the morning, the right section, under Lieut. Bennett, started, and at noon
the remainder of the battery were sent forward. Shortly after dark we came
up with Bennett's command, and halted for the night. We here found the
paymaster, who, the next morning, paid over our first instalment, being up
to the 1st of November. After receiving our pay, again moved forward in a
heavy rain, which continued through the day, and late in the afternoon the
advance reached Danville, and encamped two miles beyond the town. At dark
all had arrived. Most of the men were quartered in town for the night,
procuring their suppers at the hotels, and at private residences. The
citizens did all in their power to make us comfortable during our short
stay. A number of us obtained beds at the hotels, by paying for them,
which was done willingly, for a comfortable bed we had not for a long time
enjoyed.

In the morning, after passing a short time doing our trading, all returned
to camp, and were again soon on the move. The right section had gone on
ahead, under command of Lieutenant Baldwin--Lieutenant Bennett having
received a short furlough to go home. We passed through Stanford during
the day, and pitched tents four miles beyond the town. Next morning
continued our march. The weather was clear, but quite cool. After marching
fifteen miles, encamped near a church in progress of erection. That night
the boys lodged in the church--probably the first time some of them were
ever in one. Early in the morning were again moving.

Every one that we now met, reported that a battle was going on at the
river just beyond Somerset. In a short time we distinctly heard
cannonading, and pushed on as fast as possible, at noon arriving at
Somerset. We were here informed that a regular battle was being fought at
the river, five miles distant. The Seventeenth and Thirty-eighth Ohio
Infantry were close on our rear, and all possible dispatch was made to
reach the river, as the men were anxious to have a hand in the fun, as
they called it.

At two o'clock we reached the river. It was snowing quite hard, and the
firing had ceased. This was on Monday, December 2nd.

We here found Lieutenant Baldwin, and his command. It appears that the
firing had all been done by the Rebels, who were on the opposite side of
the river. They had been throwing shot and shell into the camp of the
Twelfth Kentucky, but without execution, only causing the Twelfth to move
further back from the river, and out of reach of their guns.

Occasionally the Rebels would march forward in regiments, fire a volley,
and then fall back. Our guns made no reply, we not firing a shot. There
had been some slight skirmishing between the enemy and the Twelfth
Kentucky a day or two previous to our arrival. Colonel Hoskins had a small
mountain howitzer, with which he now and then sent them a shell. No more
firing took place that night after our arrival.

The following morning, after vainly endeavoring to make some discovery of
the enemy, but seeing nothing of them, it was concluded that they had gone
down the river about sixteen miles, to what is called Mill Springs, and
that they would there make an attempt to cross, as at that place the river
is sometimes fordable. Accordingly, Lieutenant Sypher was directed to take
part of the Battery and proceed to that point, to prevent their crossing.
The Seventeenth Ohio Infantry had previously gone on as far as Fishing
Creek, and there Lieutenant Sypher joined them. They then proceeded on
towards the river, Lieutenant Sypher having the front. On enquiring of
people living along the road, they were informed that none of the enemy
had crossed the river; and when they had arrived to within six miles of
the ford, a halt was ordered.

After some consultation, Colonel Connel, and Captain Rickards, of the
Seventeenth Ohio, and Lieutenant Sypher, concluded to go forward, by
themselves, and reconnoiter. When near the river, and in a deep ravine,
they were suddenly fired upon by a number of Secesh Cavalry, and ordered
to halt. But, instead of obeying this command, they put spurs to their
horses, and made "tracks" as fast as possible, the Rebels firing several
volleys after them. In their flight, Colonel Connel's horse stumbled and
fell, throwing the Colonel off, by which means he lost his cap and sword,
and was badly bruised. Captain Rickards immediately came to his
assistance, and gave him his horse, the Captain making his way out on
foot. All got safely back to their men.

It was now evident that a large body of the enemy had already crossed, and
there being no chance of obtaining a desirable position, and not having
sufficient force to contend with them, they determined to fall back to
Fishing Creek, and await further orders. A retreat was ordered, and our
men retired in good order, and at daylight next morning were safely
arrived at Fishing Creek. In the meantime, the balance of the Battery were
on the way to their assistance, and on the night previous were camped only
two miles from the creek, where we soon found them.

We remained here through the day, and early in the evening were ordered to
have all the horses harnessed, and everything ready in case of an
emergency; information having been received that the enemy were advancing.
One section of the Battery, under Lieutenant Baldwin, was posted on the
spur of a hill, commanding the crossing of the creek. A part of the
Seventeenth Ohio were also stationed with them, and all were prepared for
an attack.

About ten o'clock, our pickets were driven in by the enemy's advance. They
reported the Rebels in large force; and it being deemed folly to contend
against such odds, General Schoepf, who was then in command, thought it
advisable to fall back on Somerset, and there await reinforcements. We
were soon retiring in good order, and before daylight arrived at Somerset.
The Thirty-eighth Ohio, and Twelfth Kentucky, coming in about the same
time. Shortly after daylight we moved about two miles North of the town,
and encamped. This was on Thursday, December 5th.



CHAPTER IV.

THE BATTLE OF MILL SPRINGS.


We remained quietly at Somerset until December 8th. In the meantime, were
reinforced by the arrival of the Thirty-first and Thirty-fifth Ohio
Infantry, and also Hewitt's Kentucky Battery. In addition to the above,
was a small detachment of Woolford's Cavalry.

On Sunday noon, one of the cavalrymen came riding into camp in hot haste,
and nearly out of breath. He stated that the enemy were advancing, and
that they had made an attack on our picket guard, killing and wounding
several, and had taken the rest prisoners.

At first, his story was doubted. It, however, proved true in many
respects. One of the guard was killed, one wounded, and fifteen or twenty
taken prisoners, all of them belonging to the Thirty-fifth Ohio.
Immediately, bustle and confusion pervaded the camp. The long roll was
beaten in the Infantry, and all were soon in line for action. Our horses
were harnessed, tents struck, when we at once proceeded towards Somerset,
which we had only left a few hours previous; and, at double quick, soon
went rushing into the town.

We at once took up position on a high hill just north of the town, which
gave us a fine command of the country. The Seventeenth Ohio were stationed
with us. The remainder of the force were stationed at different points,
and all quietly awaited an attack; but at dark, no enemy had appeared. The
horses were kept harnessed, and every one remained near his post of duty
all night.

During the night, we were reinforced by the arrival from London of the
First and Second Tennessee Infantry. The next morning nothing was seen or
heard of the enemy, and it was supposed that they had become alarmed
during the night, and had fallen back to their intrenchments at Mill
Springs. Small reconnoitering parties were sent out daily, but with the
exception of a few slight skirmishes, and occasionally a little firing
between the picket guards, nothing of importance occurred for a number of
days. During these skirmishes, a few prisoners were taken on both sides,
so that neither derived but little advantage. The weather for about two
weeks, continued fine; but neither force seemed inclined to make good use
of it.

On the 17th December, Gen. Schoepf ordered the whole brigade to be in
readiness to make a reconnoisance the next day. That night, one day's
provisions were cooked, and all prepared for an early start. At daylight,
December 18th, the entire brigade, with the exception of a sufficient
number of men to guard the camp, were on the move. The forces were divided
into two divisions. The Ohio and Kentucky Regiments, with two sections of
our battery, under General Schoepf, went up Fishing Creek. The two
Tennessee Regiments, with the right section of our battery, under
Lieutenant Bennett, General Carter commanding, went down the Creek. The
division of General Schoepf did not effect anything, being unable to fall
in with the enemy. General Carter's command, however, was more successful.
They came upon a party of the Rebel Cavalry, who were on the opposite side
of the Creek, and being out of rifle distance, they were inclined to be
quite bold and defiant. But Lieutenant Bennett got his guns in position,
and sent over several shells, which caused them to "skedaddle" in all
directions. It was supposed that his shot killed and wounded several, as
they were seen carrying off a number. They left considerable plunder which
fell into the hands of the Tennessee men.

Seeing no further prospect of drawing out the enemy, the expedition
returned to Somerset, arriving at dark.

Nothing of further importance occurred for some time, with the exception
of an attempt on the part of Colonel Hoskins, with his regiment, and a
part of the Thirty-eighth Ohio, to capture a forage train of the enemy,
but which proved unsuccessful. The weather had now become cold and rainy,
making the roads almost impassable; and, it was thought that nothing would
be done before Spring, as neither party seemed inclined to throw down the
gauntlet. But things were quietly working, and which the following will
show was to some purpose.

On Friday morning, January 17th, 1862, in accordance with orders of the
previous evening, the entire available force then at Somerset, set out, as
was then supposed, for another reconnoisance, towards the enemy's lines.
Subsequent events showed that it resulted far different from what most of
the men anticipated. All camp equipage was left behind, in charge of a
sufficient guard. At an early hour a start was effected; but, owing to the
bad condition of the roads, slow progress was made. The late rains had
swollen Fishing Creek, so that it was almost impassable; and it was at a
late hour of the night ere the Battery succeeded in crossing the stream.

It now commenced raining quite hard, but the men bravely pushed forward,
and, near midnight, arrived at the camp of General Thomas, who had a large
force under his command. They had come over the Columbia road. This was
quite a surprise to all, except such officers as were in the secret.

It now became evident that an exciting time was at hand, and that a
battle was soon to be fought. But little did we soldiers dream that it
would result so gloriously to our cause as the sequel will show. The rain
kept pouring down, and all were wet to the skin, having no tents to
protect us. At day-light next morning, it was still raining. A
consultation was held between Generals Thomas and Schoepf, the result of
which was known only to themselves. A part of Schoepf's Brigade was
ordered back to Somerset, to act as a reserve. Our Battery, with the two
Tennessee regiments, remaining. Teams were sent to Somerset for
provisions, with which they were loaded, and sent forward. The rain, which
had fallen heavily during the entire day, had swollen the creek to such a
hight that they were not able to recross until the following morning.

All of Saturday the men remained in camp, on account of the rain. The
various regiments were scattered over a large extent of ground. On Sunday,
January 19th, at an early hour, a part of Woolford's Cavalry, who were on
picket guard, were driven in by the advance of the enemy, and soon
thereafter the attack was commenced on the Tenth Indiana Infantry, who
were camped in an advanced position. The Tenth stood their ground manfully
for a long time, although they were opposed by four times their number. At
length the Fourth Kentucky came to their relief.

The engagement had now become general. For a time our guns could not be
brought to bear upon the enemy, owing to the nature of the ground, and the
position of our troops, without endangering our own men. After
considerable maneuvering, a portion of the guns were got into a favorable
position, and soon begun to pour in a deadly fire upon the enemy. Shot and
shell flew thick and fast. Each discharge wrought fearful execution, and
the Rebel ranks were rapidly thinned.

The fighting had now become terrific, the advantage changing alternately
from one side to the other; and at times it was difficult to tell how the
battle was going. Our troops fought bravely, not once flinching. Although
their comrades were falling around them, still they pressed bravely
forward. General Zollicoffer fell in the early part of the engagement,
having been shot through the heart by Colonel Fry, of the Fourth Kentucky.

The enemy had now begun to waver, and gradually gave ground, when the
gallant Ninth Ohio made a grand bayonet charge, which scattered them in
all directions. The retreat then became general. Our forces followed them
up, firing volley after volley into their disordered ranks. In the
meantime, the guns of our Battery were doing fearful execution among the
fleeing Rebels. Many of the shells exploded in their very midst. We still
kept up the pursuit, the rain all the time falling heavily, which rendered
the roads almost impassable; but on we went, through woods, over logs and
stumps, through brush and mud. At times it was all our horses could do to
pull through, and our progress was consequently slow. The roads and woods
were scattered with the dead and wounded of both armies. The track of the
fleeing Rebels was strewn with muskets, swords, knapsacks, overcoats, &c.,
which they had thrown away to facilitate their flight.

At about five o'clock we had succeeded in driving the enemy behind their
intrenchments at Mill Springs, being a distance of eight miles from where
the battle commenced. Reinforcements had now come up, and though the men
were nearly exhausted, having eaten nothing since early morning, and were
saturated with the rain, the guns were soon got in position, and opened
with shell on the enemy's works. The Rebels replied with a few ineffectual
shot, their shell falling far short of their destination. Kinney's and
Wetmore's Batteries were also engaging the enemy from different positions.
About eight in the evening the enemy's guns were silenced, and in a short
time the firing ceased altogether. An hour later quiet reigned in the
camp.

Our weary men now stretched themselves on the cold, damp ground, to obtain
a little repose from the toils of the day. All slept near their post of
duty, and were ready to spring into action at sound of the bugle. At early
dawn they were at their stations, to renew the battle; but no sound came
from the enemy's camp.

It was now determined to make a grand charge, and storm the Rebel works.
All the forces were drawn up in line of battle, and, at the same time, our
guns were got in readiness to open on the enemy. At last the word to
charge was given, and with a loud yell, the brave troops rushed forward,
and were soon scaling the entrenchments. But what was their surprise, when
reaching the top of the breastworks, to find the place evacuated. The
birds had flown; or to use their own favorite phrase, "skedaddled." They
had succeeded in crossing the river in a small steamer. A shell from our
battery struck the boat just as it had crossed for the last time. The
shell exploded, setting the boat on fire, and it was soon burned to the
water's edge.

Having no means of crossing our forces, we were unable to follow them up.
They had attempted to get part of their guns over the river, but our near
approach prevented them from doing so. They left several sticking fast in
the mud. A large number of the Rebels could yet be seen climbing the hill
on the opposite side of the river, when a few shell thrown among them
caused them to scatter in wild confusion. So great was their fright, and
in such a hurry were they to get away, that they left everything behind,
even to their half-cooked rations. They saved nothing, except what they
had on their backs.

The result of this glorious victory to the Union cause, is summed up as
follows: From three hundred to four hundred of the enemy killed and
wounded, and two hundred taken prisoners. About fifteen hundred horses and
mules, five hundred wagons and harness, fourteen guns, with caissons and
equipments complete, five thousand muskets, together with a large quantity
of provisions, clothing and ammunition, fell into our hands. But the best
of all, by this victory we succeeded in freeing this part of Kentucky of
the secesh army, much to the gratification of the good Union people.

This was the first, of a series of brilliant victories that soon followed.
The enemy's force in this engagement, was about ten thousand; while our
force, actually engaged, did not exceed three thousand five hundred--they
having about three to our one. Our men got a large quantity of trophies,
in the shape of guns, revolvers, watches and clothing.

The following list comprises our force engaged in the battle: Tenth
Indiana, Fourth Kentucky, Ninth Ohio, Second Minnesota, part of the First
Tennessee, all Infantry, and a portion of Woolford's Cavalry, together
with our own and Kinney's and Wetmore's Batteries, First Ohio Artillery.

This battle has been given several names; such as, battle near Somerset,
battle of Fishing Creek, Logan's X Roads, Old Fields, and Mill Springs. It
is better known by the last mentioned.

It was not until Wednesday evening, the 22d of January, that our battery
arrived in Camp at Somerset, having been absent six days. Although the men
were well nigh worn out, yet all were in high spirits over their late
victory, and for a long time it was the only thing talked of.



CHAPTER V.

HERE A LITTLE, AND THERE A LITTLE.


As has been stated, it was on the 22d of January, when the battery
returned to Somerset. The next day, we went back to Mill Springs with our
horses, to bring away the guns captured from the enemy.

As it was late in the day, when we arrived at the scene of the engagement,
and the roads being in bad condition, we remained over night. The next
morning, at daylight, started on our return, and reached Somerset at 2
P. M., the distance traveled in both expeditions being sixty-four miles.

We now received orders to march for East Tennessee; but the order was soon
after countermanded, as it was found impossible to proceed, owing to the
horrible condition of the roads. Colonel Barnett had arrived shortly after
the battle, it being the first time we had seen him since leaving Camp
Dick Robinson. He remained with us only a few days.

Not having before said anything about Somerset, we will here describe the
place:--It is one of the early settled towns of Kentucky, and like all the
other mountain towns of this State, it presents rather a sombre and
gloomy appearance. The buildings are mostly built of wood, and are old
fashioned affairs. The business part looks as if it had gone through the
revolutionary war; many of the buildings are fast going to decay. The
population is about one thousand five hundred. Although the inhabitants
profess to be loyal to the old Government, yet many of them are, at heart,
rank secessionists. There is a court-house and jail here, it being the
seat of justice for Pulaski county.

We remained here until the 10th of February, 1862, being a period of just
ten weeks from the day of our first arrival. On Saturday, the 8th of the
same month, Edward C. Chapman, a member of our company, died, and was
buried the next day. His remains were followed to the grave by nearly all
the members of the battery. This was the first burial in the company, the
others, who died, having been sent home, with the exceptions of Hodge and
Bailey, who were left sick at towns we passed through.

It having been found impracticable to go forward into East Tennessee, for
various reasons, on Saturday, February 8th, we were ordered to be prepared
to march on the following Monday.

Monday morning found us ready to move; and, at 8 o'clock, we bade good bye
to Somerset, much to our satisfaction. We marched twelve miles that day,
over the worst kind of a road. In many places the mud was belly deep to
the horses, and they often got stalled. At night, camped in a small valley
near a creek. During the night, a heavy snow storm set in, and, in the
morning, the ground was covered, and more still falling. At 8 o'clock,
were again on the move. The roads were but little better than the day
previous; we were, however, in a more open country. Marched this day about
fourteen miles, and at 4 o'clock struck the turnpike at a small creek,
where there was a mill, and one or two stores. We proceeded one mile
beyond, and camped for the night--the weather cold and stormy.

Next morning, the weather was quite pleasant; and, as soon as breakfast
was over, were again on the road. Lieutenant Bennett was taken sick, and
was left at this place. We now had a good road, and made fair progress. At
4 o'clock, we camped two miles from Danville, the town being in plain
view. The distance made this day, was twenty-four miles.

Danville is one of the most beautiful towns in Kentucky. The streets are
wide and clean, and the place is well laid out. The population is about
five thousand. It contains many fine buildings, both public and private.

Early next morning, as usual, on the move, with fine weather. Lieutenant
Sturges was left sick with typhoid fever at Houstonville, on our way
through. Marched twenty miles this day, and camped in the woods eight
miles from Lebanon. There was a heavy fall of snow during the night, and
the morning was ushered in cold and disagreeable, but we were soon moving,
and arrived at Lebanon about noon, and camped two miles from town on the
Louisville road.

Time, on the above march, four and a half days.

At Lebanon, we received a supply of new clothing, and also our Sibley
tents, which made us more comfortable. At this place, we obtained the news
of the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson. Our horses were shod, and some
of them exchanged for others. Also received a lot of army wagons, with six
mules to each. Had considerable sport in breaking in the mules, many a
laughable incident occurring. One of them, in particular, seemed inclined
to have his own way, in spite of all the driver's efforts to render him
tractable. He would neither go forwards nor backwards; and when Jehu
applied whip and spurs, as an inducement to proceed, he would turn his
head, look his tormentor full in the face, with a most wicked leer, and
then commence such a series of "ground and lofty tumblings," that the
driver was feign to hold on for dear life. Finally, a bright idea seized
the mind of our mounted friend. "Boys," said he, "I'll bet two to one,
that I make this cloven-footed, tobacco-leaf-eared model of a Dutch church
sweat the hide off hisself;" and, leaving his animal tied to a fence, he
entered a grocery, soon returning with an immense cabbage stuck on the
point of his sword. Once more mounting the sagacious beast, Jehu laid his
sword between the animal's ears. The cabbage projecting in full view to
the enraptured gaze of the refractory steed, caused him to elevate his
muzzle for so tempting a morsel, and, in the attempt, he began to move
forward, and soon was going at a speed wonderful to behold. That mule
always went well after that. He was partial to cabbages.

We had orders to move on Tuesday, the 18th of the same month; but, owing
to the rainy weather, did not leave. From preparations being made, it
looked as if we were going to have another long and tedious march. Only
the officers knew our destination. The weather during our stay here, had
been wet and cold.

Theodore White died in hospital on the night of February 18th. His remains
were sent home in charge of his brother, who was quite sick. A large
number of sick were left in hospital at this place, among whom was
Corporal H. P. Fenn, who died shortly after our departure. Lieutenant
Bennett returned on the 20th, having nearly recovered from his sickness.

Friday morning opened bright and clear, and we took our departure from
Lebanon, having been here one week.

At 8 o'clock, were on the way, and, at 11 A. M., passed through the town
of Springfield. Marched twenty-five miles that day, and pitched our tents
in the woods, five miles from Bardstown. The next morning was rainy.
Proceeded to within one mile of the town, and again camped. Kinney's
battery accompanied us. This was the 22d of February, being Washington's
birth-day. At noon, Kinney's battery fired a salute, in honor of the
occasion. The next day, went about four miles beyond Bardstown and again
camped in the woods. A large number of troops were camped near us.

On Monday morning, the 24th, we started for Louisville. Nearly all of
Thomas' Division were with us, making quite a large army. Marched
twenty-six miles this day, and camped for the night near a small village.
The next morning, got an early start, and arrived within three miles of
Louisville. It was now the 25th of February.

We camped in a large field near the city, and the following day were paid
for two months' services, being up to the 1st of January. This was the
second payment we had received.

It was now generally understood, that we were bound up the Cumberland
river; but for what point, was not fully known. General Thomas' Division
kept coming in, regiment after regiment; proceeded directly to the city,
and there embarked aboard the steamers which were chartered for the
purpose. A number of our men went into the city, after being paid.

Louisville is the largest and most important city in Kentucky. It is
situated at the falls of the Ohio river, and contains a population of
seventy thousand, and is the center of a large and growing trade.

On Thursday morning, the 27th of February, we entered the city, and at
once commenced getting the guns, horses, &c., on board the steamer
Westmoreland. It was nearly dark, ere this was completed. At 10 o'clock
the same evening, we cast loose from the levee and were soon steaming down
the broad Ohio. Sixteen boats loaded with troops accompanied us. Colonel
Barnett was on one of them; and there were also two or three more of his
batteries on different boats.

Lieutenant Sypher, who had been absent on a short furlough, joined us at
Louisville.

The late heavy rains had caused quite a freshet in the Ohio river and its
tributaries. Many towns and buildings, which we passed, were almost
submerged, and in some places the river spread out in lake-like expansion.
We frequently met boats, which were returning for troops and supplies,
having discharged their loads. Making but few stops, and only then for the
purpose of "coaling," on Sunday morning, March 2d, we arrived at
Smithland, at the mouth of the Cumberland. We made but a short stay here,
and then went steaming up the river.

It was now well understood, that Nashville was our destination. The
Cumberland, like the Ohio, was at a high stage, and our progress against
the current was but slow. About 4 o'clock in the afternoon, we arrived at
Fort Donelson, and as we made but a short stop, had no opportunity to go
on shore to see the place, but had a pretty good view of it as we passed
by. There were a large number of Union troops stationed here, who heartily
cheered us on passing. The stars and stripes were floating over the fort,
where erst the hated symbol of secession flung its disgraceful folds.

On Monday morning, we passed the city of Clarksville, Tennessee, but made
no landing. A band, on board one of the transports accompanying us, played
several national airs as we steamed along. The place seemed almost
deserted. Occasionally, a group of "wooley heads" could be seen,
displaying their "ivories," and swinging their old hats. Here, as at Fort
Donelson, were a large number of troops, and the good old flag was flying.
The railroad bridge, over the river, had been partially destroyed by fire,
when the Federal gunboats first made their appearance before the city. On
Tuesday morning, March 4th, we arrived at Nashville, having been four days
on the trip.

At Nashville, we found about fifty steamers discharging their loads. All
of them had brought troops and munitions of war. There had already twenty
thousand troops arrived, and more constantly coming. Our guns and caissons
were got ashore at once, the men and horses remaining on board until next
morning, when we disembarked, and took up our line of march for the
camping ground, passing through several of the principal streets. We
proceeded out on the Charlotteville road some three miles from the city,
and pitched our tents on a beautiful spot, near a small creek. Bartlett's
and Kinney's batteries were camped near by. We had dress parade at 4 P. M.
each day. The weather was very changeable, sometimes being cold, with rain
and snow, at other times quite warm and pleasant.

While at this camping ground, a large number of the Company visited what
was called Fort Zollicoffer, or, at least, what was intended for a fort,
or defence, for the protection of Nashville. It is situated on a high
bluff, three miles below the city, on the Cumberland River, and consists
of a slight earthwork. There were several large guns laying half buried in
the mud; only two remaining mounted, the Rebels having hastily attempted
to destroy the works, on the approach of the Union gun-boats. Shot and
shell, were laying around in large quantity.

Remaining at this camp until Sunday, March 16th, we moved our quarters two
miles south of the city, on the Franklin Pike, and near the Tennessee and
Alabama Railroad. We here pitched our tents, on a high ridge between the
railroad and turnpike. Colonel Barnett named it Camp Brownlow, in honor of
that sterling old patriot, Parson Brownlow. There were also camped near
by, several batteries from Kentucky, Wisconsin, and other States. Colonel
Barnett, had the entire command. We were kept under thorough military
discipline. Dress parade every afternoon, drilling and guard mounting.
After remaining here about one week, for some cause or other, we again
moved half a mile to new grounds. While here, a number of the sick were
discharged the service. Those who had been left sick at different points,
and had recovered, here rejoined us. Richard Williams, a member of our
Company, died in the hospital at Nashville on the 15th of March. He was
from Cleveland.

Nashville, the capital of Tennessee, is situated on the Cumberland River,
two hundred and fifty miles from its mouth. It is the terminus of the
Louisville and Nashville Railroad, and is also the centering point of
numerous other Southern roads. It is sometimes known as the City of Rocks;
being built on a high rocky elevation. The population is about twenty-five
thousand, and it is a place of considerable trade. Most of the cotton, and
other products of Middle Tennessee, here find a market. The State House,
is a large and magnificent structure, built entirely of marble, and
situated on a high elevation called Capitol Hill. It is the first object
that attracts the attention of the stranger, on his approach to the city,
as it can be seen from a considerable distance from all quarters of
approach. The glorious old flag, under which our fathers fought in a cause
most holy, now floats from its dome, in place of the late Secesh rag. The
streets are narrow and irregular, not being laid out with any regard to
beauty. There are a large number of fine buildings here, both public and
private. The citizens are, for the most part, strong secessionists. The
appearance of Union soldiers in their streets was not much relished, but
they were obliged to put up with it.

On the 29th of March, we struck tents, and again moved forward, taking
the Franklin road, in company with the Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania, First
Wisconsin, and Thirty-fifth Indiana, all Infantry, and one Regiment of
Pennsylvania Cavalry. We were now in the Seventh Brigade of General Buel's
department, General Negley commanding. A march of twenty miles through
heat and dust, brought us to the pretty little town of Franklin, and at 4
o'clock in the afternoon we camped in a grove one mile from the town.
Nearly all the places of business here were closed, many of the
inhabitants having fled from the wrath of the "barbarous Yankees." We
remained here only two days, and were then again ordered forward.

On Monday morning, April 1st, we left the place. The day was quite warm,
and the roads very dusty, but we marched twenty-five during the day, and
camped in the woods near a creek. The men had now a good opportunity for
bathing, which most of them took advantage of. This place was rather a
rough camping ground, being quite uneven and covered with rocks. The next
morning, had a fine shower, which cooled the atmosphere and settled the
dust. At 8 o'clock were once more moving, and soon forded a creek, the
Rebels having destroyed the bridge. A number of the First Regiment
Michigan Engineers and Mechanics, were actively engaged in rebuilding it.
After proceeding about two miles, were ordered to halt, remaining in the
road for two hours, then moved into a field to our left, and encamped.
Next day, again started, and at noon reached Columbia, having crossed Duck
River. We here camped on a high hill just back of the town.

This was April 3d.

It was about 2 o'clock, when our tents were pitched. The ground was
cleared up, and the place made quite pleasant for camping purposes. It was
surrounded by a heavy growth of trees, which were beginning to leave out.
We also had a commanding view of the town and surrounding country.

Columbia, the county seat of Maury, is situated on Duck River, and is
fifty miles from Nashville. The Tennessee and Alabama Railroad, passes
through it. Population, about three thousand. The streets are wide and
clean. Among the public buildings, is a large Female Seminary, then
closed. A majority of the people are secessionists. Shortly after our
arrival, Dow Tanney, a member of the Company, died. On the 7th of April,
the right section of the Battery, under command of Lieutenant Bennett,
went to Mount Pleasant, fourteen miles from Columbia. A part of our
brigade, also went with them. On the 22d of April, we received another
payment, being up to March 1st. On the night of May 1st, about 11 o'clock,
an order came for one section of the Battery to proceed at once to
Pulaski. At 12 o'clock the centre section, under Lieutenant Baldwin,
started, with four companies of the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, one
company First Kentucky, and four companies Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania
Infantry, accompanying.

The reason of this sudden movement, was on account of Morgan's cut-throat
Cavalry being at Pulaski, where they had captured a wagon train of General
Mitchell's division, and had also made an attack on a party of unarmed
Union soldiers, who had just been discharged from hospital, and were on
the way to join their regiments. A number were killed and wounded, and
several taken prisoners. The citizens of Pulaski had assisted Morgan in
this attack, firing on our soldiers from their houses, and had also broken
open the store of a Union man, and carried off all his goods and money.

Our men pushed on as fast as possible, and, when within ten miles of the
town, were met by a number of the troops, who had been captured by the
enemy, and released on parole. They reported Morgan and his gang still at
Pulaski, when they left. Lieutenant Baldwin having the front, gave the
order to forward on double quick. The men were not slow in obeying; and at
2 o'clock went rushing into Pulaski in hot haste, but were a little too
late for the Rebels, as they had taken the alarm and "skedaddled."

The men retaliated on the citizens for their base conduct. They took
possession of the town, and went into the mercantile business. From
soldiers, they were soon turned into merchants, and opened stores on their
own account. Soon all were loaded with watches, jewelry, boots, shoes,
hats, clothing, etc., besides a certain other article which we wouldn't
mention by a jug-full.

They remained here a few days--long enough to regulate matters, and to
give the residents to understand, that they must behave themselves. For
Union boys wont be trifled with.

On the 6th instant, they returned to Columbia, where they safely arrived.

On the evening of the 2d of May we were all aroused by an order to harness
horses, and every man to be at his post with all possible dispatch.

This sudden move rather took us by surprise, and all wondered what was in
the wind.

It would appear that a large number of Morgan's guerillas had been
prowling in the vicinity of Columbia, and it was supposed that they
intended to take advantage of the absence of part of our force, to attack
the place. But it was not long ere we were in readiness to give them a
warm reception. Our remaining two guns were posted on a hill a short
distance from the camp, and the balance of the troops, then here, were
placed in favorable positions. The night passed without any disturbance.

  Morgan and his hellish crew
  Were afraid to come in view.

But for several nights we maintained a strict watch for the murderous
thieves.

On the morning of the 6th of May, the forge wagon was sent to Mount
Pleasant, to shoe the horses of Lieutenant Bennett's section. Lieut. B.
and his command were camped in a fine grove, near a large creek. The First
Wisconsin and Thirty-fifth Indiana Infantry, together with some Kentucky
Cavalry, were camped near by.

On the 10th of May, an order came for them to proceed directly to Pulaski;
and at noon they were on the road,--the First Wisconsin going with them.
The left section had, also, an order to go to the same place, and left
immediately, under command of Lieutenants Sypher and Sturges. I will here
state, that Lieutenant Sypher had returned, and joined us at Columbia,
some two weeks previous, having recovered his health. He had been sick
nearly two months, and went home from Houstonville, where we had left him.
A number of our sick, who had been left behind, rejoined us here.

On the 20th of May, Lieutenant Bennett returned to Columbia with the right
section, and immediately proceeded to Kalioke Station, six miles from
Columbia, and on the railroad. On the 21st inst., the left section, under
Lieutenant Sypher, returned, and went into camp at the old place. The
night of June 2d, had another alarm, caused by the firing of our pickets.
The next day, a Union meeting was held at the place; and during the
afternoon had still another alarm, but, like the former, proved without
cause. On the 29th of May, the left section again left Columbia, the
center section now only remaining; and, on the 9th of June, they also left
for Murfreesboro.



CHAPTER VI.

EXPEDITION OF THE CENTER SECTION.


On Monday, June 9th, the Center Section left Columbia for Murfreesboro,
leaving the forge, battery and baggage wagons behind, together with the
tents and camp equipage. The reason for this move was supposed to be an
attack apprehended on Murfreesboro, as there had been several skirmishes
in that vicinity.

At 5 A. M. the two guns started, under command of Captain Standart and
Lieutenant Baldwin. At 2 P. M. the forge and battery wagons, together with
what men were left; also left along with the First Kentucky Cavalry.
Standart's command marched four miles beyond Franklin that day, and camped
for the night. The remainder went within five miles of the above place,
and also camped. The next day, the last-named went to within seven miles
of Murfreesboro. The center section reached the town at 2 P. M. the same
day. The roads, with the exception of some six miles, were in fine order,
being macadamized. The country is well adapted for farming, and we passed
many large fields of wheat, corn and cotton. The wheat, generally, was
being cut. On Wednesday morning, June 11th, with our two guns we set out,
in company with the Sixty-ninth and Seventy-fourth Ohio, Third Minnesota,
Eleventh and part of the Ninth Michigan--all Infantry--and one battalion
each of the Fourth Kentucky and Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, together
with four guns of the First Tennessee and four of First Kentucky
Artillery. At 9 o'clock, same morning, the First Kentucky Cavalry,
together with our forge and battery wagon, arrived at Murfreesboro, and
were at once sent forward to join the main body of the army. The
expedition was under command of General Dumont.

Early that evening our expedition reached Readyville, and camped in a
corn-field near a creek. At 11 o'clock, the same night, all hands were
ordered out to proceed on the march. A good deal of grumbling was caused
at this unlooked for command, but all must obey.

About this time, an eclipse of the moon occurred, and the men jocosely
remarked that we were only wakened to take an astronomical survey of it.

After considerable delay, at 1 o'clock we were in motion. For the first
few miles the road was quite hilly, and one of the Kentucky battery's
caissons was capsized over a bank, and had to be left behind. The roads
were now in pretty good condition, but very dusty, and at daylight we had
advanced some ten miles. The weather was extremely warm, but the road was
well shaded by woods. At 11 o'clock arrived at McMinnville, a small town
of some five hundred inhabitants, and situated on the Manchester and
McMinnville Railroad. The place is strongly "secesh." There was an M. D.
along with us, who had lately been driven out of the town on account of
strong Union sentiments. He was acting as our guide.

At McMinnville we camped in an open field near the town--the Tennessee and
Kentucky Batteries being camped near by. The remainder of the force were
camped at different places. On the day following, a part of the force,
consisting of the Third Minnesota, and First Kentucky Infantry, one
battalion each of the Fourth Kentucky and Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry,
one section of Hewitt's Kentucky, and our center section of artillery,
were ordered forward to Pikeville, to drive out a body of Secesh Cavalry,
who were reported as being at that place. At 5 P. M., took up our line of
march. The next morning, early, the rest of the force followed.

Our road now lay through a wild, rough, and mountainous country, but
thinly inhabited and little cultivated--corn being the only grain we saw.
The long and dry continuance of the weather had drained all the creeks, so
that water was not readily obtained, and, for the want of which, both man
and beast suffered terribly. The hills were steep and rocky, and our poor
horses, overcome with heat and thirst, were bleeding at the nose, and
ready to give out; but by dint of hard urging, and easing them of their
loads, we finally reached Pikeville early in the afternoon of Saturday,
June 14th. Much to our disappointment, found that the secesh had left
three days prior to our arrival.

Pikeville is a small place, containing one hundred and fifty inhabitants,
and is situated at the head of Sequatchie Valley. It is on or near the
dividing line of East and Middle Tennessee. There were several Union men
living here, some of whom joined Woolford's Cavalry.

The advance, finding their mission at an end, set out on their return the
next day. In the meantime the rear detachment, which had camped half way
between McMinnville and Pikeville the night before, the next morning
proceeded on; but when they had gone four or five miles, were ordered to
face about and retrace their steps.

A day and night's march again brought us to McMinnville, where we camped
on the river's bank. Those who went forward also arrived on the afternoon
of the same day, which was Monday, June 16th.

We remained here until 5 o'clock on the afternoon of the 17th, and then
once more moved towards Murfreesboro. Marched all night, and at daylight
of the 18th entered the town of Woodbury, where we camped near our former
ground. Remained here during the day, and at night resumed our march.
During the night were visited by a heavy thunder storm, rendering it so
dark as to be almost impossible to keep the road. At 4 o'clock next
morning reached Murfreesboro, and went into camp.

Murfreesboro is quite a pretty place, and contains a population of five
thousand. It is the county seat of Rutland, and is located on the
Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, being some thirty miles from the
former place.

Friday morning, at daylight, we started for Columbia, free from infantry
and cavalry, with the exception of one company of the First Kentucky.
Captain Standart left us at Murfreesboro and went to Shelbyville, where
Lieutenant Sypher was stationed with the left section. We were accordingly
under command of Lieutenant Baldwin. We camped the first night, two miles
beyond Franklin. Made an early start on Saturday morning, June 21st, and
reached Columbia at 11 A. M. the same day. Camped on the east side of Duck
River, where we found Lieutenant Bennett with the second detachment of the
right section, they having arrived the night previous from Rogersville,
Alabama, where they left the first detachment. The Seventy-eighth
Pennsylvania Infantry were encamped with them. All were glad to once more
get back to their old quarters. We had been gone just thirteen days,
during which time we had marched two hundred and fifty miles, and which
resulted in no particular advantage; but, on the contrary, had
considerably worn down the men and horses, besides losing our tents and
part of our baggage. Take it all in all, it was the most severe march we
had yet endured. Our present camping ground was not near as pleasant as
formerly.

July 1st, moved our quarters one mile north-east of the town. This was a
much better location in many respects. The Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania
camped near us. July 4th, at 3 A. M., one section of our battery went into
town, and fired a salute of thirty-four guns. At noon, the entire battery
did the same. On July 9th, the left and center sections started for
Shelbyville, marching till about 8 o'clock that evening, and then halted
near a creek to feed horses and get supper. At 11 o'clock, the moon having
risen, were ordered forward, and soon passed through the small town of
Farmington. The stars and stripes were flying from a high staff in the
center of the town, and several of the inhabitants displayed small United
States flags in front of their houses.


TOGETHER AGAIN.

We were here joined by the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry; and, on the
morning of July 10th, entered Shelbyville, where we found Lieutenant
Sypher with the left section, camped one mile from town. This was the
first time that the entire battery had camped together since the 7th of
April. Distance from Columbia, forty miles.

Shelbyville is located on Duck River, and is the terminus of a branch of
the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, and distant about seventy-five
miles from Nashville. It contains a population of three thousand five
hundred, and is the county seat of Bedford. About one-half of the
residents are good Unionists.

We remained here only a few hours, being ordered off at 6 o'clock the same
evening. The left section had been here nearly a month. A short time after
getting under way, it commenced raining quite hard. At 10 o'clock the same
night arrived at Wartrace, where we remained until next morning. We laid
out in the storm all night, and, in the morning, after breakfast, went one
mile from town and camped. The Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry were
already here.

Wartrace is a small station on the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad.
Population about two hundred. Our camping ground was on a hill, and near a
fine creek. For two days, everything was quiet; but, on Sunday morning,
July 13th, at daylight, heavy firing was heard in the direction of
Murfreesboro, which is about twenty miles distant. All sorts of
conjectures were formed in regard to the cause of it. At night, received a
report that the Rebels had attacked Murfreesboro, and had succeeded in
obtaining possession of the town. Had captured the Third Minnesota
Infantry, and part of Hewitt's First Kentucky Battery. At first, this
report was doubted, but in the end proved true.

From certain rumors current in camp, it was supposed that a force of the
enemy were in the vicinity of Wartrace, and an attack was apprehended at
any moment. At dark struck our tents, harnessed our horses, and made all
preparation to meet the enemy. About 10 o'clock, received an order to
move. The right section remained near camp. The left section took
position at the depot, the center section going out some distance below
the depot, and close to the track. All kept vigilant watch during the
night, but no enemy appeared.

The following day we received reinforcements, consisting of the
Fifty-first Ohio, part of the Ninth Michigan, and two companies of the
Third Minnesota, who were engaged in guarding some station at the time of
the capture of Murfreesboro, and had luckily escaped. We also had a small
force of cavalry. During the day of Monday, July 14th, scouts were sent
out in different directions. A small barricade was built at the point
where the center section was posted. At night, troops were stationed in
different places along the road, and the utmost caution observed to
prevent a surprise. But the night passed, like the one previous, without
an attack.

At daylight, the whole force was ordered to move, and were soon under way.
We were not allowed to wait for breakfast, or to feed the horses. What
this movement was for, or where we were going, none, save the officers in
command, knew.

A march of twenty miles brought us to Tullahoma, which is south of
Wartrace, and on the same railroad. It is also at the junction of the
Manchester and McMinnville road. On arriving there, we encamped in an
orchard near the depot. At dark, the left section were posted on a high
elevation, at the north-east part of the town. There was already a large
force here, and more troops still arriving. The concentrating of so large
a force at this point, looked as if a battle was brewing. Preparations
were at once made to resist any force the enemy might bring to oppose us.
Rifle pits were dug, and earth works thrown up. Various rumors circulated
through camp. Several persons were arrested on the charge of being spies;
one of whom, rumor had it, was found guilty, and sentenced to be hung.

Three days thus passed by, during which time we were visited by frequent
showers of rain.

On the night of the 18th of July, the center section moved to a grove
close by the depot, while the right section moved in another direction,
and near where the left was posted. At 9 o'clock next morning, received
orders to march, and a general breaking up of camp now took place; some
going in one direction--some in another. Our battery, together with the
Eighteenth Kentucky Infantry, went towards Shelbyville. Marched about nine
miles that day, and camped in a large field. During the night, had a heavy
thunder storm, with high wind. At daylight, were on the move. The weather
was quite cloudy, and threatened more rain, but soon cleared up and became
quite pleasant. At 10 o'clock A. M., entered Shelbyville, and, after
remaining there an hour, again moved forward. We were now traveling over a
macadamized road, which was in most excellent condition. After going eight
miles, we camped near a creek, and remained here until daylight the next
morning, when we again resumed our march. At 11 o'clock A. M., arrived at
Murfreesboro, where we found a large Union force, under Major General
Nelson. We camped on the Nashville pike, about one mile from town. The
next morning, there was quite a movement of troops. A large force headed
by General Nelson went towards Nashville. Our battery moved camp to a high
elevation overlooking the town. About three hundred slaves had been
brought in from the surrounding country, and set to work building a
redoubt for the use of artillery. Our men were engaged in putting the
camping ground in good order. In a short time, report reached us that a
large force of Rebels had entered Lebanon and captured the place without
firing a gun. All kinds of rumors were put in circulation regarding this
movement. At 4 o'clock, we received orders to harness horses and be
prepared to march at any moment. About the same time, a "cock and bull"
story was started, that a party of "secesh" had entered town with a flag
of truce and demanded the surrender of the place. But it afterwards
appeared that a small body of rebels had approached the place for the
purpose of effecting an exchange of prisoners. At dark, no order had been
given to move. Another sensation was created, to the effect that some
Rebel Cavalry had been seen skulking in the upper edge of a cornfield,
near which we were encamped.

All this time we were momentarily expecting to move; but, for some reason,
the order was delayed. It seemed as if those in command did not know what
to do. After waiting until after midnight, we at last received word to
march. The night was very dark, and the clouds threatened an instant
storm. We moved on at a snail-like pace until daylight, and shortly after
arrived at Stone river, which we were obliged to ford, the bridge having
been destroyed. We now knew that we were going towards Lebanon. The slaves
along the road reported that a large body of Rebel Cavalry had gone
towards Murfreesboro late the day previous. Here, again, was a fine
opportunity to manufacture long "yarns;" and mole-hills were magnified
into mountains. Notwithstanding all this, we kept on towards Lebanon. When
we had proceeded to within ten miles of the town, a halt was ordered, and
some of the Cavalry were sent forward to reconnoiter. In about an hour
they returned, bringing in two prisoners whom they had captured. They
reported that the enemy had left Lebanon. Order was now given to "about
face," and we were soon on the return to Murfreesboro. When we had arrived
to within two miles of where the Nashville and McMinnville road crosses
the Murfreesboro and Lebanon road, it was reported that a body of the
enemy were there, waiting to offer us battle; and, from the stories we had
heard in the morning, it looked somewhat reasonable.

Our forces were soon drawn up in line of battle, and moved forward to meet
the supposed enemy; Colonel Barnes, of the Eighth Kentucky, acting as
Brigadier General.

After deploying right and left, and sending out scouts, it was soon
ascertained that there was no enemy lying in wait. It was now nearly dark,
and we had eaten nothing during the day, except a little hard bread and
cold bacon, but the word "forward" was given, and on we went. About 7
o'clock we again crossed Stone river, and here camped, or rather
bivouacked, for the night. After feeding our teams, and preparing some
coffee, stretched ourselves on the ground to obtain a little sleep, being
pretty well tired out.

The next morning, as soon as it was light enough to see, and without
having anything to eat, we again moved forward towards Murfreesboro. We
had barely gone two miles when we were ordered to about face and march
back. What this all meant was more than we were able to surmise. The boys
remarked that we were going back to water, and which has since been a
by-word, whenever a countermarch has taken place.

Once more we crossed the river, and on arriving at the cross-roads before
mentioned, were ordered to camp, which we were glad to do, though it was
far from being a pleasant place. This was on the 24th of July.

We remained here until the afternoon of the 25th, without anything worthy
of note transpiring. At 6 o'clock P. M. we started for Murfreesboro,
arriving there at 8 o'clock the same evening. We halted in front of the
court-house, and after standing some two hours, were ordered to unhitch
horses, but not to take off harness, and lay by for the night. We spread
our blankets on the sidewalk, and, with an excellent brick sidewalk for a
bed, dreamed the hours away. Early in the morning, went to our old camping
ground on the hill. This was on the 27th of July.

     NOTE.--The enemy which we expected to meet at the cross-roads near
     Stone river, on the night of the 23d of July, proved to be General
     Nelson's command, who had returned by this road. Colonel Barnes--who,
     it will be recollected, was in command of our force--was unaware of
     this movement. The slaves had mistaken General Nelson's force for a
     body of "secesh."



CHAPTER VII.

MOVING--STILL MOVING.


On arriving at the old quarters, we found the negroes still at work on the
redoubt, which they had nearly completed. The Twenty-third Kentucky were
camped near us. We now supposed that we would be allowed at least a short
respite after our previous three weeks' hard marching; but in this we were
mistaken. And, as the old Scotch proverb runs--

  "The best laid plans of men and mice
  Oft gang aglee."

At noon of the 28th July, we received orders, (those eternal orders,) to
prepare for a march at 3 o'clock that afternoon. The battery wagon, tents,
and all the extra baggage, were to be left behind. At the appointed hour
all was in readiness, and in a short time we were on the move. We had
proceeded but a short distance when we were ordered back, and the old
by-word came again in play, that we were only going to water our horses.
Back to camp we went. It seemed as if those in command were diverting
themselves at our expense. The next day we were permitted to remain in
quiet. But at 2 o'clock on the morning of the 30th July, we were all
aroused out of a sound sleep with the old oft-repeated order to get ready
to march. Soon all were actively engaged in preparing to move. At
daylight, after drinking a cup of slops--denominated coffee--and devouring
some mouldy hard bread, we patiently awaited the order to march.

It had now commenced raining, and in a short time was pouring down
heavily. No word came to move. And thus we stood, hour after hour, and
received a thorough drenching. Finally, about noon, were ordered to
unharness horses, but to hold ourselves in readiness to move at any
moment. Here was a piece of great military strategy displayed.

Finally, on the morning of August 1st, we succeeded in making a start. At
5 o'clock were on the road leading to McMinnville, over which a part of
our battery had before traveled. The forces with us consisted of the
Eighth and Twenty-first Kentucky and Fifty-first Ohio Infantry, together
with a part of the Fifth Kentucky Cavalry. General Nelson headed the
column. A much larger force had preceded us a few days previous. It was
rumored that there was a large force of the enemy at McMinnville, and the
object of the present expedition was to drive them out. Their number was
variously estimated from five thousand to forty thousand. We marched the
first day as far as Woodbury, a distance of twenty miles, and camped for
the night near one of our old quarters.

Early next morning, as usual, again on the move. Another "cock and bull"
story was going the rounds, but little heed was given it. At 6 P. M. of
the second day, August 2d, we entered McMinnville, but instead of finding
a large Rebel force, we found only the residents. As near as could be
ascertained, there had been some three hundred Rebel Cavalry in the place,
who had said "good-bye" on our approach.

We pitched tents near our former camping ground. The next day, which was
Sunday, we were allowed to rest. It was said that the Rebels, some eight
thousand or ten thousand strong, were camped nine miles distant, on the
Sparta road. Our force numbered about twelve thousand. At dark, that
night, received orders to be ready to march at 4 o'clock the following
morning. We were further ordered not to take any extra clothing--not even
our overcoats, nor cooking utensils, and but one blanket to two men.

From these orders, and what had been reported of the enemy, a fight was
certainly expected. On Monday morning, at the break of day, all were
ready, and soon regiment after regiment fell in line. At 5 o'clock, moved
out on the Sparta road. But for some reason, unknown to us soldiers, our
battery, and the Thirty-fifth Indiana Infantry, were ordered to remain in
camp.

For the two succeeding days, nothing of consequence transpired. At the end
of this time the expedition returned, having been unable to meet with the
enemy, and therefore but little of importance was effected by this
movement.

On the morning of August 6th, we moved our camp one-half mile out on the
Sparta road. We were now assigned to the Twenty-third Brigade--Colonel
Stanley Mathews, of the Fifty-first Ohio, acting Brigadier General. The
brigade consisted of the Fifty-first Ohio, Eighth and Twenty-first
Kentucky, and Thirty-fifth Indiana Infantry, together with our battery. On
the 6th instant, being the same day of our removal, seven of our men, with
three six-mule teams, were captured by a party of Secesh Cavalry a few
miles from McMinnville, and on the Chattanooga road. They were, at the
time, out foraging. Thirteen out of fifteen of the Thirty-fifth Indiana,
who went out as guards, were also captured, although they made a strong
resistance. The day previous, Lieutenant Sturges and Sergeant Lewellen
had been out to this place, and had made arrangements to take a lot of
corn on the day following, being the one on which the men were taken
prisoners. The Rebels were either informed by the owners of the grain, or
had got notice of it in some manner, and were lying in wait for our men.
The consequence was, the men were entirely surrounded and taken by
surprise. Those belonging to the battery were without arms, or any means
of defence. It is said that two or three of the Rebels were killed or
wounded, but it lacks confirmation.

The Rebels immediately hurried the men off on double quick, and, after
taking them some twenty-five miles, released them on parole, leaving them
to find their way back to camp on foot. They returned safe on the morning
of the 8th. Shortly after their arrival, they were arrested and put in the
guard house, by order of General Nelson, but for what reason was not known
at the time. Subsequent events went to show that they had purposely
surrendered themselves to the enemy, or had not exercised due caution in
preventing surprise.

On investigation they were all honorably discharged, as none of the
charges could be substantiated; but, on the contrary, it was proven that
they had done all in their power to prevent being taken, and only
surrendered when they became aware that any further resistance was
useless. They were again ordered on duty, as those who had paroled them
had acted without proper authority, and therefore it was null and void.

On Sunday, August 10th, about noon, were ordered to be ready to march at 4
o'clock, but shortly before the appointed time the order was
countermanded. The next morning at daylight, got the order to "forward,"
and were soon in motion. One of the guns was left behind, as there were
not sufficient men to handle it. The Eighth and Twenty-first Kentucky, and
Fifty-first Ohio, with a small detachment of the Fifth Kentucky Cavalry,
and our battery, constituted the force, all under the command of Brigadier
General Jackson. A march of eighteen miles brought us to the town of
Smithville, and about 4 o'clock we camped a short distance beyond the
place. We here found the Thirty-first Indiana and Twenty-third Kentucky
Infantry, and the Second Indiana Cavalry. They all joined us on the march
next day, when we made an early start, and after proceeding six miles
struck on the Lebanon pike. About noon, passed through the small village
of Liberty--a strong Union place. Going two miles further, we turned off
on the road leading to Murfreesboro, and went into camp on the banks of
Clear creek. Remained here until 4 o'clock of the next afternoon, when we
once more formed in line for the march. On getting on the old road, we
were faced towards McMinnville. The Thirty-first Indiana and Twelfth
Kentucky, and Second Indiana Cavalry, remained in camp. Nine o'clock that
morning, we arrived at our old camping ground at Smithville, and remained
there for the night. Resumed marching early in the morning, and at 6 P. M.
reached McMinnville. The day after our arrival at this place, the battery
wagon, tents and baggage, came on from Murfreesboro. Remained here until
Sunday afternoon, August 24th, when we again moved forward. The sick were
sent to Nashville, and a large quantity of provisions and other property
was buried, as there was not sufficient means of transportation. At 3
o'clock the entire force were in motion. None but the officers in command
knew our destination. We crossed the river, and found ourselves on the
road to Altamont, Winchester, and other towns. Marched six miles, and, at
9 o'clock, halted for the night. It being late, and over a mile to where
we could obtain water, and as all were tired and sleepy, we went to bed
supperless--our beds being mother earth. Started early in the morning for
Altamont, without breakfast. Proceeding two miles we came to water, and
now supposed we would have a chance to cook our rations. But no; as soon
as the horses were watered, "forward" was the word, and we must obey. This
command caused much grumbling. Two more weary miles were passed, when we
again halted for a couple of hours; but no water was to be had here, so we
were obliged to content ourselves with some dry, hard bread for breakfast.
We finally got started again, and after going a short distance another
halt was made, caused by the road being blockaded by the wagons. We at
once turned into the woods on our left, and encamped. Remained here until
daylight, and were once more ordered forward. Arrived at McMinnville at 11
A. M., and proceeded to our old camping ground, having been absent two
days, and accomplished nothing. This was on August 26th. With the
exception of an alarm, caused by some of the cavalry firing their guns
just outside the lines, a few days after our return from the above
expedition, nothing of note occurred until September 3rd.

On the morning of September 3d--being just one month from our arrival--we
took our departure from McMinnville. After the usual delay, we were on the
move, and headed for Murfreesboro. For the past month we had been deprived
of all communication with home, and had scarcely seen a paper. As a matter
of course, we knew but little of what was transpiring in regard to the
war. We could not even tell for what purpose we were ordered on, or what
our destination. We marched about twelve miles this day, and then camped
in a large open field. During the morning we passed the place where a
skirmish had taken place between some of our troops and a party of Rebels,
a few days previous. The Union force had succeeded in routing the enemy,
but several of their men were captured. We remained in this camp until the
next morning, and again started. At noon passed through Woodbury, and at
night camped at Readyville, having marched about fifteen miles. The
following morning resumed our march, and reached Murfreesboro at noon.
Considerable delay was caused here, and it was 4 P. M. ere we pitched our
tents, which was done two miles from town, on the Nashville pike, and near
Stone River.

Here, for the first time, we received information that some extraordinary
movement was on foot. Troops, in large bodies, were constantly coming in
from all quarters, and it seemed as if Buel's entire army were about to
concentrate at this point, for the purpose of some grand movement upon the
enemy. The report was that we were about to return to Kentucky. About this
time we received a late paper, and the tenor of its news led us to believe
that such a movement looked reasonable.

The next morning early were on the move towards Nashville. All doubts as
to our course were now removed. Owing to the large body of troops in
advance, our progress was necessarily slow. But we made sixteen miles
during the day, which was September 6th, and at night camped at a small
station on the Nashville and Chattanooga railroad, and fourteen miles from
the former place.

An early start the next morning brought us, at noon, to within five miles
of the city. We here turned off from the main road, and proceeding two
miles, camped near a small creek. But scarcely had our picket ropes been
extended, and horses unharnessed, when we were again commanded to move.
This time proceeded to within a mile of the city, and then pitched our
tents. Were ordered to be in readiness to move at 3 o'clock in the
morning.

It was now evident that Kentucky was our destination. At the appointed
time next morning, we were on the move; and, shortly after daylight,
crossed the Cumberland river by means of the railroad bridge, which had
been planked over for the purpose. We passed through the pleasant little
town of Edgefield, and found ourselves on the road leading to Bowling
Green. When we had gone four miles we halted in a piece of woods, and
remained there two hours, then proceeded on our way, and at night camped
eight miles from Nashville, and near what is called Edgefield Junction.

We remained at the above camping ground two days. On the afternoon of the
2d of September, we had an alarm; and, as the surrounding country was
swarming with Rebels, it stood us well in hand to be on the alert. It took
but a moment's notice to be prepared for action, when scouts were sent out
in all directions. They succeeded in bringing in several prisoners, some
of whom belonged to the Rebel army. But little information could be
obtained from them. The remainder of the day and night passed without
anything further of note transpiring.

Early on the morning of September 11th, we were once more on the move.
About 10 A. M. passed through the small town of Goodsonville, or Edgefield
Station. We here saw evidences of the Rebel's work of destruction. The
place was almost entirely deserted, and every store had been completely
riddled and robbed of its contents. Many of them had been fired, and were
partially consumed.

We made no halt at this place, but continued our march. A few miles
further on passed through another small town, which contained two or three
stores, all of which were closed, and, as at Goodsonville, the inhabitants
had mostly fled. At noon we halted near a large public house, where there
was a fine spring of water. Here we procured dinner, and remained for two
hours.

It appears that there had been a skirmish a short time previous, some two
miles ahead, between our advance and a large body of Rebel Cavalry. A part
of the Ninth Michigan Infantry, one section of Hewitt's Battery, and a
small detachment of cavalry, succeeded in repulsing the enemy, who had one
killed and three wounded, who fell into our hands. On our side, there was
but one wounded.

About 2 o'clock resumed our march, and shortly after passed the spot where
the skirmish had taken place. It was at a crossing of the road. We marched
until 8 o'clock in the evening, and then camped near a small creek, where
there were two or three stores.

September 12th resumed our march. We had skirmishers thrown out on each
side of the road to prevent a surprise. Nothing worthy of note occurred
during the day. Marched sixteen miles, and camped at Mitchellville shortly
before dark. Had a light fall of rain during the night. General Buel
joined us this day.

At daylight, September 13th, continued the march. At 10 A. M. arrived at
Franklin, Kentucky, which place is on the Nashville and Louisville
Railroad. It was reported that a large body of the enemy were hovering
around the town. A halt was ordered, and scouts sent out in all
directions. Each section of our battery went to the outer edge of the town
on picket guard. After remaining one hour, and nothing seen or heard of
the enemy, resumed our march. At 8 o'clock in the evening, camped two and
a half miles from Bowling Green. Distance made this day, twenty-five
miles.

Early the morning succeeding proceeded on the march, but went into camp
one mile from Bowling Green. While here we suffered for the want of
wholesome water--the only spring of good water being two miles from camp.
We were obliged to use water for cooking purposes from a pond that was
stagnant. Were kept on half rations, as we had been since leaving
McMinnville. In place of hard bread, flour was distributed.

Were ordered to move on September 15th, but, after getting ready, the
order was countermanded.

September 16th, again ordered to move, and at 5 o'clock were ready, but
waited two or three hours for the word to proceed. Finally started and
went one mile, when we bivouacked on side of the road for the night, it
being impossible to proceed further, owing to the immense wagon train.

At daylight next morning again started, and passed through the town of
Bowling Green, and shortly after forded Barren River, then halted long
enough for breakfast. About an hour before dark we left the turnpike, and
turned off to the right, through a piece of woods. It now commenced
raining quite hard, and the night was very dark. Our progress was but
slow, and it was 10 o'clock ere we halted for the night. The rain was
still falling heavily, and the air was quite chilly. Large fires was soon
built, around which we all gathered to enjoy the genial warmth. Water was
not readily obtained, and we lay down supperless. Tired and hungry, wet
and cold, we were soon asleep.

The next morning, September 18th, opened cold and cloudy, but soon cleared
up. And now, for the first time since leaving McMinnville, we had three
days' full rations served out. Having found a mudhole, from which we could
obtain water, all were soon busy in cooking their food, and for a time the
camp was quite lively--the men once more wore cheerful faces, and our
former hard fare was forgotten. Hardly, however, had we prepared our meal,
when the order was given to move, and the grub went down our throats on a
double quick. There was considerable "jawing" about that time. In a few
minutes, we were once more on the road. We started at noon, and for the
greater part of the way the road lay through a woody and sparsely
populated country. At dark we came in sight of camp fires, burning
brightly, evidently but a short distance ahead. But, for some reason, we
were delayed for hours on the road, and it was midnight ere we arrived at
the place. Here was presented one of the most beautiful sights ever
witnessed. Spread out in a large open space, extending over many acres of
ground, were the camp-fires of an army of fifty thousand men. The fires
were built in rows a few feet apart, each mess having its own fire. The
men could be seen flitting about from point to point, some cooking, some
carrying wood and water, some sleeping, others smoking or eating.
Occasionally the strains of a flute were wafted sweetly to the ear, borne
on the night breeze. Then came the full manly chorus of some patriotic
song, from one of the messes. Away in the distance we heard the sweet and
touching words of "Rock me to sleep, mother," sung by some brave but
warm-hearted soldier-boy, as he thought of his dear home far away. Would
that kind mother ever again fold her darling boy to her warm heart?
Mayhap, even the morning's sun might shine on his lifeless form. The
vicissitudes of war are great.

At a distance, the camp resembled a large and populous city by gaslight,
and it was truly a magnificent spectacle. Our battery was soon joined with
them, and most of us being wearied by the days' labors, lay down for a
little sleep, as our orders were to move at daylight. We were informed
that the place near which we were encamped was called Prout's Knob, from a
small mountain, which reared its rugged head just outside the line of the
encampment.

Were routed out before day next morning, September 19th, to prepare
breakfast. At daybreak, were ready to move. General Smith now took the
command of our division in place of General Ammon.

Owing to the large number of troops, it was nearly 7 o'clock before we got
started. After proceeding four miles we halted in the road, and were kept
there until 4 o'clock in the afternoon. During the day signal flags were
kept flying, the meaning of which only those in command knew. At 4 o'clock
we moved forward, and pitched tents in a field near the road, most of the
infantry and other troops going further on.

Remained in camp during the day of September 20th, engaged in cooking
three days' rations. While here heard of the fight at Mumfordsville, and
defeat of our troops. All kinds of stories were at once set afloat, and,
like those at a ladies' tea-party, were not much entitled to
consideration. It was generally supposed that we were on the eve of a
great battle.

At daylight, September 21st, were again ordered to move, and were soon on
the road. But before we had gone one mile came to a halt. We turned aside
into a piece of woods, where we remained till 5 o'clock in the afternoon,
when we once more proceeded forward, and it was long past midnight ere we
encamped, which was done near a small creek. Distance traveled, ten miles.

One o'clock, September 22d, took the road, and after going some four miles
came to where the enemy had been camped the night previous. It was
reported that they had left in two divisions, and that some of our advance
cavalry had a skirmish with them, and caused the enemy to retreat. We went
about one mile further and were then ordered to "about face," it having
been ascertained that we were on the wrong road. Going back two miles we
turned to the left, and in a short time pitched tents on the banks of
Green River, opposite Mumfordsville, and near an old fort which had been
erected the previous winter.

September 23d, again early on the march. At sunrise crossed Green River,
and passed through Mumfordsville. At noon, halted near the railroad.
Remained one hour, and once more under way. At 9 o'clock in the evening
reached Camp Nevins, and pitched our tents near a creek. Marched this day
twenty miles.

Early on the following morning moved forward. Passed through Elizabethtown
without stopping. Went thirteen miles beyond, and camped for the night. We
were now on a good macadamized road. As heretofore, water was scarce.

September 25th, resumed our march, and at noon arrived at West Point,
situated on the Ohio, at the mouth of Salt River, and distant from
Louisville twenty-two miles.

For the first time in a year we once more beheld a free State. After
remaining a few hours, once more made a move. Crossed Salt River, and were
now on the direct road to Louisville. Two miles from West Point we
encamped.

Started before daylight, September 26th, and at noon reached Louisville.



CHAPTER VIII.

AT LOUISVILLE--AND OFF AGAIN.


As before stated, at noon of September 26th, we arrived at Louisville,
having marched over two hundred and fifty miles, occupying just
twenty-three and a half days. We were nearly all worn out on this long,
dreary, and tedious march, and presented a most woful appearance, being
dirty, ragged, and well nigh famished. Take it all in all, we had
undergone more hardships and real suffering than on any previous occasion,
and it was probably one of the most disastrous movements that had taken
place since the war had an existence. The boys say it was a "masterly
piece of military strategy," and think that a few more such movements will
speedily terminate the war.

Our camp was located on a piece of low ground, and in a potato patch near
the canal, through which the boats are obliged to pass when the river is
at a low stage, as there is then an insufficiency of water on the falls.

We now had full rations served out, and as far as the matter of eating,
were well off. On Sunday the 27th September, we received an addition of
forty-seven new members, they having been recruited at Cleveland by
Colonel Barnett and others. Two of our men, who had been home on sick
leave, rejoined us at the same time.

On the afternoon of Tuesday, September 30th, we moved camp a short
distance, and the same afternoon were paid for four months' services, and
also received a lot of new clothing, which rendered the men extremely
happy, and many a wistful eye was cast towards the city. But the same
night we received that same "eternal" order to be ready to march the
following morning. So the men were disappointed in the expectation of
getting "shut" of their money.

At an early hour, October 1st, all were ready for a start; and shortly
after daylight the battery was in motion. But, on crossing the canal, we
came to a halt, and after being delayed an hour, again moved forward. In a
short time another halt was ordered, and

  We all halt, halt, halted.

In this manner nearly the entire day was consumed, and it was quite late
in the afternoon ere we were fairly outside the city.

We now found ourselves on the Bardstown pike, being the same road by which
we had entered the city seven months previous. Marched six miles, and at 9
o'clock camped for the night.

October 2d resumed our march at the usual early hour; but owing to the
large force accompanying, our progress was slow. About 4 o'clock in the
afternoon, and about eight miles distant from our starting point in the
morning, heavy firing was heard some distance ahead, but in a short time
it suddenly ceased. After proceeding two miles further we halted, and went
into camp for the night. We soon learned, from scouts sent out, that the
firing was occasioned by a skirmish between our advance and the rear guard
of the enemy, who were slowly retreating before us. There being so many
rumors concerning the skirmish, it was impossible to obtain a correct
result. However, there was no great damage done on either side. The enemy,
as usual, wanted to be "let alone." Considerable rain fell during the
night.

Captain Standart and Lieutenant Bennett, who had remained at Louisville on
business, joined us the next day, October 3d. The morning was cloudy, with
some rain. At 9 o'clock got started. The clouds swept away shortly after,
giving place to the genial sun, and the remainder of the day was quite
pleasant. At 10 A. M. passed through the small town of Mount Washington.
Here was where the skirmish of the day previous had taken place. At 3
o'clock crossed a small stream, called Floyd's Fork. The bridge had been
destroyed by the Rebels. We had no difficulty in fording the stream, owing
to the low stage of water. This was six miles from Mount Washington, and
fourteen miles from Bardstown. Just beyond here our advance cavalry were
fired upon by the Rebels, with artillery from a masked battery. A halt was
at once ordered, and instant preparation made for action. Two of our guns,
under command of Lieutenant Bennett, were moved forward some two miles,
and were then fired upon. The pieces were immediately posted on a
commanding place near by, and opened on the enemy. A few shots were
exchanged, when the firing soon ceased. Scouting parties were now sent out
to reconnoiter, but returned without making any discovery of importance.
Nothing more, worthy of notice, occurred during the night.

Having ascertained that the Rebels had retired during the night, at 10
o'clock next morning, October 4th, we again moved forward. It was now
evident that the enemy were gradually falling back, but had left a rear
guard for the purpose of retarding our march, and to cause us as much
trouble as possible, without bringing on a general engagement. About three
miles from our last night's camping ground we again crossed Floyd's Fork,
and near where the Lexington pike intersects the Bardstown and Louisville
road. We here found that the bridge had not been destroyed. About one-half
mile beyond we came to where the enemy had thrown up a sort of barricade
against a fence, and from which they had, no doubt, intended to give us a
surprise, but had thought better of the matter. Another mile, and we came
to a public building, called the Barclay House, and located on a high
elevation. Here, the night previous, the Rebels had posted their
artillery. Our forces were again placed in position, and scouts sent out
to ascertain the enemy's whereabouts. In two hours they returned without
having made any discovery, and once more we resumed our march. At night
camped within eight miles of Bardstown. From people living along the route
we traveled, all manner of reports concerning the Rebels were received. By
some it was represented that they were at Bardstown, from sixty thousand
to eighty thousand strong, and were going to make a stand to offer us
battle. But little credence was given to any of these reports; but we were
all inclined to believe that a battle was soon to be fought.

The morning of Sunday October 5th, was ushered in clear and pleasant. Had
breakfast at daylight, and at 7 o'clock our column was in motion. We moved
slowly, and with much caution, halting frequently. Once we laid by for
nearly three hours. Shortly before dark we entered Bardstown, and found
that the Rebels had, as usual, "skedaddled." We now found that the
detention during the day was caused by the arrival of another division of
troops, who had come by a different road, and we had to wait for them to
pass on ahead. We were informed by the citizens that the enemy had left
but a few hours previous, and that the division above mentioned were in
close pursuit. They had taken the direct road to Lebanon and Danville. We
passed through town, took a road to the left--crossed a small creek, and
pitched our tents, one mile beyond the place.

Early next morning, October 6th, again on the move. Our march this day was
over a rough and hilly road, and through a thinly settled part of the
country. At noon crossed a creek, the name of which we did not learn.
Shortly after this we passed through the village of Glenville, and again
got on a good road. Marched about eighteen miles this day, and, at 8
o'clock in the evening, camped one mile from Springfield.

October 7th. This morning continued our march, and at 8 o'clock passed
through Springfield. A large party of Rebels had been driven out of town
the day previous, by the advanced division. We proceeded on towards
Danville, following the pike for some distance, and then turned off to the
left, on a common dirt road. Marched several miles, and at dark came out
on the Lebanon and Danville road, six miles from the former place. General
Gilbert's division passed on ahead. We went on two miles further, and, at
a small village, turned off to the right, and proceeding some distance
further, came to a creek, and camped. Our object in leaving the main road
was to find water. Marched eighteen miles this day.



CHAPTER IX.

BATTLE OF PERRYVILLE.


At 7 o'clock on the morning of October 8th, we resumed our march,
returning and taking the Lebanon and Danville pike. A few minutes after
reaching the main road, we heard heavy firing some distance in advance. A
halt was made, and the order given to transfer all extra baggage from the
pieces and caissons to the baggage wagons, and be prepared for action. The
report was then prevalent that the enemy were some five miles ahead, and
had made a stand, and were already engaging our advance force. A fierce
battle was now anticipated, and our men were anxious to participate in it,
after the long chase we had given the enemy.

The firing had now become more frequent and distinct, and our men were
becoming more and more eager for the conflict. As usual, there were all
sorts of rumors regarding the number and position of the enemy. After a
halt of one hour we again moved forward, and soon came on the Perryville
pike. Proceeding one mile further, we turned off into a field on the left
of the road, and took position on a high piece of ground, our division
being posted at different points. We held our position until near dark,
when we moved forward half a mile, and were then stationed on a hill to
the right of the road. The fighting in the meantime had been most
desperate, and was chiefly confined to General McCook's division, which
maintained its ground in fine order, the men showing great bravery. The
battle lasted until dark, when the enemy retired, and, on the following
morning, retreated to Harrodsburg. The Union loss was eight hundred and
twenty killed, between two thousand and three thousand wounded, and over
four hundred missing. Enemy's loss, one thousand and eighty-two killed,
and four thousand two hundred and sixty-one wounded. Our Battery took no
part in this action, as we were, during the time, out of range. It was the
intention, on our part, to renew the battle the next day--the enemy
willing--but they wanted to be "let alone," and withdrew from the field.

On the day following the battle, our Battery was kept constantly on the
move, charging through woods and cornfields, but no enemy was there. At
night we camped near Perryville.



CHAPTER X.

MUCH MARCHING, BUT LITTLE FIGHTING.


The morning of October 10th were again early on the move, and at 9 o'clock
passed through the town of Perryville, and proceeded on towards Danville.
The buildings, as we passed along, presented the appearance of hard usage
from the effects of the battle of Wednesday. Nearly every house was more
or less riddled by shot and shell. We saw one house that seemed as if it
had been the especial target of the gunners, for it was pierced in many
places. We continued on for about two miles, when our advance had some
little skirmishing with the enemy's rear guard. Our guns were at once
drawn up in position on a high hill, having a good command of the country
surrounding. We remained here some fifteen or twenty minutes, and then
proceeded forward on a double quick. Two miles further, and we came to a
halt--all our forces being drawn up in line of battle. More skirmishing
took place. About 4 o'clock we bivouacked in an extensive hemp field, four
miles from Danville. The boys remarked that we had come here for the
express purpose of preparing hemp for the "skedaddlers." That night was
cold and stormy. We crawled under the hemp-stacks, and made ourselves as
comfortable as the circumstances would admit.

October 11th. Morning still cold and stormy. We changed the position of
our guns, and the horses were kept ready harnessed, and every one at his
post. Some firing was heard on our left during the forepart of the day,
and, in the afternoon, on our right. We, however, kept our position, and
at night again slept under the hemp-stacks. The weather still continued
cold, but the storm had ceased.

Weather next morning was clear, but cold. At 9 o'clock some of the enemy
came into camp, bearing a flag of truce, but for what purpose we soldiers
did not learn. About 10 o'clock we were ordered to move forward. Our march
was through woods and fields, we seldom being on a regular traveled road.
At 4 P. M. we came out on the turnpike leading from Danville to Camp Dick
Robinson, and proceeded towards the latter place. The smoke of the enemy's
camp-fires could be plainly seen. When within four miles of the camp we
were ordered to "about face," and march back. So face about it was, and we
were again passing over the same ground that we had but just traveled.

  "We marched boldly down the road,--
  Then marched back again."

After going about three miles, we came out on another pike, which also led
to Danville. And now we came to a halt, for the night. Supper was soon
over with, and all turned in for a night's repose. Before midnight we were
routed out, with orders to harness our teams and march. Soon found
ourselves faced towards Danville. The night was clear and the road good,
so we went along at a lively pace, and in an hour's time reached the town,
and halted in a field just on the outskirts. We were now allowed to remain
quietly until morning.

October 13th. The weather being fine, and as we were to remain in camp
this day, the men took the opportunity to wash their clothes, it being the
first time that they were able to do so since leaving Louisville. During
the day we were visited by Colonel Barnett. We had not before seen him
since leaving Nashville, in March, a period of eight months. Major Race
also accompanied the Colonel. At 4 o'clock we were ordered to move.

On getting into the road we found we were faced towards camp Dick
Robinson. Marched three miles, and camped directly opposite the camping
ground of the night previous.

On the following morning, October 14th, again on the move, and going
towards Danville, which place we reached about 9 o'clock A. M. We here
turned into a field and halted. The entire army seemed in motion. After
remaining here some two or three hours we again started, and about noon
passed through town, and took the road leading to Stanford. Just before
dark we turned off the main road, and after going two or three miles
through the woods and fields, camped on a high piece of ground, as we
supposed, for the night, as it was quite dark. It was reported that a
large wagon train of the enemy had passed only two or three hours in
advance of us. As soon as supper was over those who were not on guard
stretched themselves on the ground to seek repose. Suddenly the clear
notes of the bugle rang out on the night air. Never was the sound more
unwelcome; but its call had to be obeyed. The moon shone brightly, but the
air was piercing cold. The prospect of an all night's march was not much
relished.

As soon as we got out on the road we struck off on a double quick, and
went spinning along towards Crab Orchard. Considerable firing was now
heard some distance in advance. At every halt that was made fires were
kindled with the rails along the road, and for miles ahead the sky was
lighted up by them. There is something very impressive and thrillingly
grand about a large army in motion at dead of night. The measured tramp,
tramp, of the infantry, the rattle and creaking of artillery, the
occasional neigh of a horse, mingled with the peculiar sound which always
accompanies a large body--the breathing of thousands of human beings--and
all lit up by the camp-fires, presents a weird, spectral scene. The march
of death!

Shortly before daylight, and when we were some three or four miles from
Crab Orchard, we came to a halt in the middle of the road. Several large
fires were built, around which we all gathered. At daylight we got a cup
of coffee and some "hard-tack," then away on the road again. An
occasional report of a gun could be heard. About 9 o'clock, A. M., we
entered the town of Crab Orchard, and were here informed that the rear
guard of the enemy had passed through only an hour before. The firing
which we had heard was caused by a slight skirmish between them and our
advance. Several prisoners had been taken.

After a few moment's halt we pushed on through the town, and once more
were on the road to Wild Cat, the place where we had fought our first
battle, nearly one year previous. The weather was fine, and the roads were
in far better condition than when we first traveled them.

Proceeding four miles beyond Crab Orchard, our brigade left the main body,
and turned off on a road leading to the left. Just before dark, and after
having gone some six or eight miles, we were obliged to turn back, to find
a suitable camping ground, as there were several high hills which we could
not ascend at night. The road being very narrow, with a thick growth of
trees and underbrush on either side, it was fully two hours ere we got
fairly turned about. We then went one half a mile, and camped in a
cornfield, near a small creek.

October 16th, resumed our march. Nothing worthy of note occurred during
the day. About 3 P. M. passed through Mount Vernon. Did not make any halt.
At night camped three miles from the crossing of Rock Castle River.

The next morning, early, moved forward, a part of the battery in advance.
Captain Standart acted as a guide, from his previous knowledge of the
country. He, with the advance, consisting of some cavalry and the
Thirty-sixth Indiana Infantry, proceeded on some distance beyond Wild Cat,
and on the road to London. When three miles beyond the old battle ground,
they suddenly encountered quite a force of the enemy, when a brisk
skirmish took place. In a short time our forces succeeded in driving the
Rebels, killing and wounding several of their number, and taking a few
prisoners. Our loss was six or eight killed and wounded. Captain Standart
had a very narrow escape, as one of the Thirty sixth Indiana was killed at
his side.

Our entire battery, with the rest of the brigade, arrived at the summit of
Wild Cat Mountain about 2 P. M. We then camped on the same place we had
occupied on the first battle, and our guns were placed in almost the same
position that they were in when we hurled death and destruction into the
enemy's ranks nearly one year ago. Appearances indicated that we were to
have another battle. It would indeed be a singular coincidence should we
again fight on the old ground.

Our battery, being the only company of our present division that had
participated in the former battle, was the center of attraction, and many
a tough "yarn" was told by our men of their exceeding valor at that time.

Lieutenant Bennett here left us to take command of a battery in Virginia.

During the day of October 18th, there was considerable movement among the
troops, and, for a time, it seemed as if we were about to have an
engagement. But still it was thought that the Rebels would make for
Cumberland Gap as speedily as possible. Some of our troops went out on the
Winding Glade Road. Two of our guns were sent with them. Another body went
towards London. Troops were constantly arriving. In the afternoon
considerable firing was heard in the direction taken by our two guns. It
was soon ascertained that a lively fight had taken place between our men
and some Rebel Cavalry and Infantry. Our troops soon drove them, taking
about one hundred prisoners, and between two hundred and three hundred
head of cattle. This occurred about four miles from Wild Cat. The enemy
were driven some miles, and several of them were killed and wounded. Four
men were wounded on our side.

About 10 o'clock, October 19th, were ordered to follow after the advance.
A march of six or eight miles brought us to their encampment. It was
located at what is called Scovill's Corners, or Cross-Roads, being where
the Richmond road intersects the Lexington pike. We remained here during
the night.

At 2 o'clock on the morning of the 20th, our Battery was ordered out, to
go on a reconnoisance, as was also the greater part of the brigade. All
baggage-wagons, tents, and camp equipments, were left behind. The men took
but one day's rations.

Shortly before daylight the brigade separated in two divisions, and
proceeded out on different roads; but, after being absent all day without
meeting with any of the enemy, with the exception of a few stragglers,
whom they captured, they returned to camp. The Rebels being alarmed at the
near approach of our forces had hastily beat a retreat, burning several of
their transportation wagons, to prevent their falling into Union hands.

October 21st. Just one year ago this day was fought the battle of Wild
Cat; and we were only six miles from the place. All was quiet in camp.

Another reconnoizance was made, commencing October 22d. Our Battery went
towards Manchester. The expedition was gone three days. Their object was
to destroy the salt works near Manchester, on which the Rebels depended
for a supply of that necessary article of consumption.

Having accomplished their purpose, and nothing further remaining to be
done, the expedition returned to camp on the morning of October 25th. On
the day previous, several citizens of London came into camp, and reported
a large body of Secesh cavalry in the town. It was thought that, owing to
the absence of the greater part of our force, the Rebels might take
advantage of it, and make an attack on our camp during the night.
Accordingly the men belonging to our Battery were all armed with muskets,
and given several rounds of amunition. We were notified to hold ourselves
in readiness to repel an attack. For the first time our artillerymen were
transformed into infantry. About one hundred refugees from East Tennessee
came into camp, and were also armed. The night, however, passed without
any alarm. Our troops arriving the next morning, we all again got in
motion, and proceeded back through Wild Cat. Arrived at the Rock Castle
river crossing, and camped for the night.

There was a very heavy snow storm during the night, and in the morning the
ground was covered to the depth of several inches; but, the weather being
mild, it rapidly disappeared. Got an early start, and pushed on through
the mud and slush. At noon arrived at Mount Vernon, and halted for an hour
in a large field, and cooked our dinner. At 2 o'clock we again moved
forward, and went towards Somerset. The weather was now growing colder,
and the snow had made the roads very heavy, so that our progress was but
slow. It was a cheerless and comfortless march. Little do those at home,
who tread only on hard, dry pavements, know where a soldier's feet hath
been. We toiled on through the mud for about six miles, and then camped
for the night. The snow was still quite deep, but we succeeded in getting
some hay, and, clearing the ground, spread our blankets on the hay, then
built large fires, and lay down to rest. Thus we managed to pass the night
in tolerable comfort. It must be borne in mind that, as yet, we were
without tents, and had been so ever since leaving Nashville.

The next morning, October 27th, we were up betimes, and, after breakfast,
were again on the road. The sun shone brightly, yet the air was quite
chilly. We marched about twenty miles, and at night camped near a small
creek, two miles from Somerset.

The day succeeding we all remained in camp, and passed the time in looking
over old letters--as dear to us as household words--and now and then a sly
look was given to some well-worn miniature of a nameless friend far away
in some Northern home. Thus passed the day, and the stars came out, and

  "Sat their sentinel watch in the sky,"

and found us sunk on the ground overpowered with sleep.

The following morning we were again on the march. Passed through Somerset
at 8 o'clock, and went out on the road to Fishing Creek. Found all the
places of business closed, and the town looking quite gloomy. The greater
part of the inhabitants had left previous to the Rebel army entering. We
were warmly welcomed by those who remained--especially the members of our
Battery, as most of us were well known. As we passed the hill on which we
had been so long quartered the previous winter, all eyes were turned
towards it, and many a familiar spot was pointed out. It seemed to us like
an old home.

We crossed Fishing Creek about 11 o'clock, A. M., and here remained until
the following morning.

October 30th. Resumed our march, and, at 9 o'clock, A. M., passed the
battle ground of Mill Springs.

Old stories of the battle were told, as we passed the familiar places
where the conflict had raged. Many a tree bore the marks of cannon ball
and shell. The fences were riddled with bullet holes, as evidences of the
terrible work of January 19th, 1862, and which will long be remembered as
an eventful day in future history.

We saw many graves of those noble heroes who that day gave up their lives
in their Country's cause. Peace to their ashes.

Marched about twenty miles this day, and camped near the road.

The next day we continued our march, and at dark crossed Green River, and
camped one half-mile from Columbia, having marched twenty-one miles.

November 1st. Remained in camp. A general muster was had, for the purpose
of making out the pay-roll. Weather clear and pleasant.

The next day resumed our march at noon, and, passing through Columbia at
dark, camped near a creek, eight miles from last night's camp.

November 3d. Again on the move, and at noon halted near the town of
Edmonson, and remained long enough to feed horses and get dinner. Passed
through the town, and took the road towards Glasgow. Marched eight miles,
and camped in a piece of woods. The men had here a fine opportunity to
gather hickory-nuts, which covered the ground profusely.

The next morning made an early start, and at noon passed through Glasgow,
and camped one mile beyond.

We here found George Eldridge, with our baggage, tents, etc., which we had
left behind at Bowling Green. Some of the sick, who had also been left,
rejoined us here.

We remained in camp at this place for three days; and while here received
some blankets, and a few articles of clothing, of which we stood greatly
in need. Orderly Sergeant Kelley here received a commission as Second
Lieutenant, and Sergeant Thompson was promoted to Orderly.
Quarter-Master's Sergeant, George Eldridge, was transferred on detached
service, as clerk in the Division Quarter-Master's department. The
weather, during the time we remained here, was wet and disagreeable.

Saturday, November 8th. Broke up camp, and resumed our march towards
Nashville. Marched about twenty miles, and camped near the road. During
the day we crossed Great Barren river.

Next morning proceeded towards Scottsville, where we arrived at noon.
Pitched tents one mile beyond, and remained until next day.

Scottsville is sixty miles distant from Nashville, and is the last town we
passed through previous to entering Tennessee.

November 10th. Commenced our march at half-past 8 o'clock, A. M. At noon
halted for dinner, a short distance from the boundary line of Kentucky and
Tennessee. At 2 o'clock we were again on the move, and in the State of
Tennessee, having been out of that State nearly two months. Marched only
thirteen miles this day, and halted for the night. Weather clear and cold.

Early the next morning on the move. At half-past 3 o'clock, P. M., passed
through Gallatin, without stopping, and took the Lebanon road. At night
camped on the banks of Cumberland river, about three miles beyond
Gallatin. Had all kinds of rumors during the day. One of which was that
there had been a fight at Nashville. No reliance could be placed on these
reports.

The morning of November 12th opened with a cold, drizzling rain. About 11
o'clock, A. M., we were ordered to move; and, after waiting until near
noon for the Tenth Brigade to pass, we finally forded the river--which was
at this time quite low--and marching eight miles, encamped for the night
in the woods, near the Nashville and Lebanon turnpike.

The next morning, at 10 o'clock, we started towards Nashville, and on
reaching Silver Springs, camped in rear of the town. This place is distant
eighteen miles from Nashville.

We remained here for several days, during which time one of our men was
tried by Court Martial for attempting an outrage on the person of a woman
in Kentucky, while on the march from Somerset to Columbia. He was found
guilty, and sentenced to serve six months in military prison, with ball
and chain attached to his leg, and to forfeit two months' pay.

While here, General Crittenden came near falling into Rebel hands. He,
however, managed to escape, but several of his staff were captured.

After having remained in camp at Silver Springs for six days, on the
morning of November 19th we broke up, and moved down the turnpike towards
Nashville. Proceeded as far as Stone river, and again camped, being eight
miles from the city. We remained here one week, with nothing worthy of
note transpiring.

Broke up camp on the morning of November 26th, and moved towards
Nashville.

During the march, one of our new members, who had joined us at Louisville,
named Leonard Starr, died in the ambulance. He had been sick several days.
His remains were sent home in charge of his brother, who is also a member
of our battery.

We camped on the Murfreesboro pike, three miles from Nashville.

Our tents were pitched in a large open field. The ground was low and
springy, and whenever it rained, the place was almost untenable.

The day after our arrival was Thanksgiving day, but it passed off the same
as all other days with us. We had our usual dinner of sow-belly _a la
mode_, and hard-tack _a la mouldy_.

Nothing out of the usual course occurred, until December 8th. On that day,
our brigade made a foraging excursion on the Nolensville pike. Went ten
miles, and succeeded in obtaining one hundred and sixty-nine loads of
corn, which was brought away in sight of the enemy's pickets, without a
gun being fired.

Captain Standart was acting as Chief of Artillery on General Palmer's
Staff; General Palmer having succeeded General Smith as Division
Commander.

I will here mention that we were now in what was called the Fourth
Division of General Crittenden's Corps. Our Brigade is known as the
Twenty-second, General Cruft commanding. Lieutenant Baldwin, at this time,
was temporarily commanding the Battery.

On the 10th, we moved our camp about one-fourth of a mile to a drier piece
of ground. Captain Standart also moved his quarters back to the Battery,
but still retained his position as Chief of Artillery.

We remained in camp near Nashville just one month, during which time we
had several alarms, but none of them of any consequence. Also made several
reconnoisances on different roads.

We here received a supply of new clothing, harness, and other equipments;
and, on the morning of December 24th, were ordered to have five days'
rations in haversacks, ready to march--but for some cause did not move.

Christmas went by in quiet, but it was only a lull in the war-storm which
was soon to break upon us with a fury hard to withstand.

On the morning of the 26th we were ordered to move. All camp equipage and
baggage, as well as those who were not fit for active duty, were to be
moved into Nashville.

The storm was about to burst.



CHAPTER XI.

SKIRMISHING PREVIOUS TO THE BATTLE OF STONE RIVER.


At an early hour on the morning of Friday, December 26th, the shrill call
of the bugle ringing out on the frosty air, announced that we were about
to move.

Soon great activity prevailed in camp, and all were in high spirits at the
prospect of an advance; and it was evident to each and every one of us,
that unless the rebels should retreat from Murfreesboro, a battle must
soon occur.

Nothing so arouses a soldier's spirit as the prospect of a battle--though,
in the same anxiously looked for battle, his life may be sacrificed. For
human life, at best, but hangs on a thread which even a little blow may
snap asunder. But if man dies thus, his life is nobly given on the altar
of his country, and that is worth the life of any man.

           "_Who_ dies in vain
  Upon his country's war-fields, and within
  The shadow of her altars?"

War follows rebellion, and death follows war. Some must die--both the just
and the unjust; but in the end, right will _ever_ conquer. And now to our
movements.

The morning was cloudy, and in a short time it began to rain.
Nevertheless, all were soon ready to move. After waiting for more than an
hour, the command was finally given to "forward march."

The army of General Rosencrans had now been divided into three separate
divisions, or army corps, and designated as the Right, Left and Center
wings. The Right, commanded by General McCook; the Centre, by General
Thomas; and the Left, by General Crittenden. To the last named was our
Battery attached, General Palmer being still in command of the Division,
and General Cruft of the Brigade. Our Corps moved forward on the
Murfreesboro road, the other Corps taking different routes. At the time
we got fairly started the rain had increased, and the storm was raging
furiously; and though all were thoroughly drenched, yet it dampened not
the ardor of the brave men, as they were elated at the prospect of soon
meeting their deadly enemy in battle array.

Owing to the great number of troops, and having a large wagon train, our
progress was quite slow; and further, it was known that our movements
would be more or less harrassed by the enemy. Great caution was therefore
necessary.

When within two miles of Lavergne--which is a small station on the
Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad--our advance guard encountered the
Rebel pickets. After a short skirmish, the enemy were driven into their
camp at Lavergne, where they had one Brigade stationed.

Our Brigade having the advance, we soon came in sight of the enemy, who
were drawn up in line ready for battle. Our Battery, and one section of
Konkle's Battery, under command of Lieutenant Nathan Newell, were ordered
into position, and opened on the Rebels. They immediately returned our
fire, when a lively artillery fight commenced, which lasted until dark.
One of our men had his hand badly shattered, by the premature explosion of
one of the guns. He has since had his hand amputated. One of the men
belonging to Newell's section was instantly killed by the Rebel fire. This
was the only loss sustained on our side. The Rebels suffered the loss of
a number killed and wounded, and a few taken prisoners.

Early next morning, we were in readiness to renew the attack; but the
enemy were not inclined to oppose us, as they commenced a retrograde
movement towards Murfreesboro. Our troops at once pressed on them closely,
and constant skirmishing ensued throughout the entire day. At dark, we had
succeeded in driving them six miles, to what is called Stewart's Creek. We
here rested for the night--the Rebels on the east and we on the west side
of the creek.

The following day both armies remained in the same position, and no
movement was made on either side. _We_ were awaiting the arrival of
General Thomas' troops.

The next morning we moved forward in order of battle. Skirmishers were
thrown out on each side of the road, through the woods and fields, and
during the day some little fighting took place. We moved to within four
miles of Murfreesboro, and camped for the night in a piece of cedar woods.

The following day was passed in preparing for the great battle, which was
now imminent. Our troops were posted at different points, Batteries placed
in position, picket lines established, scouts and skirmishers thrown out,
ammunition chests overhauled, and all other necessary preparations made
for the coming conflict.

That night our guards were doubled. The Infantry slept on their arms, and
Artillerymen at their several posts. No fires were allowed, and the utmost
vigilance enjoined on all.

To-morrow would be an eventful day.



CHAPTER XII.

THE BATTLE OF STONE RIVER.

FIRST DAY.


Just at daylight, and while some were getting breakfast, others watering
their horses, the Rebels made a sudden and vigorous attack on the Division
of General Johnson in General McCook's Corps, and which was stationed on
the extreme right.

Owing to the suddenness of the attack, and the overpowering force which
the enemy had brought to bear at this particular point, the troops of
General Johnson were thrown into confusion, and ere they could recover
from their surprise, the enemy had broken through their lines, and forced
them to fall back, at the same time firing volley after volley, killing
and wounding a large number of Union troops. They had also succeeded in
capturing several pieces of artillery, and, in one instance, the entire
battery of Captain Edgarton, taking the Captain and most of his men
prisoners.

General Johnson rallied the remainder of his troops as speedily as
possible, and others coming to his support--but not until having lost
considerable ground--by 9 o'clock, A. M., the engagement had become
general along the entire line. At 10 o'clock the battle raged with great
fury, and slaughter. Our Battery was stationed on the left of General
Negley's division--it being the last, or left division of the right wing.
The enemy, at noon, had succeeded in turning this wing, and had partially
got in on our rear, subjecting us to a severe cross-fire. General Cruft,
however, managed to extricate the brigade from this unpleasant
predicament, and our Battery was drawn off in fine order, but not until we
had expended all our ammunition. Our men, as well as those of the entire
brigade, stood their ground bravely, and dealt dire destruction to the
enemy. Several of our men were killed and wounded about this time.

The battle still raged with great fierceness. The Rebels had gained a
great advantage, and had driven General McCook's wing two or three miles.

At this critical juncture, when it seemed as if we must suffer complete
annihilation--when the Rebel star was in the ascendant--Generals
Rosencrans and Thomas coming dashing along the line, cheering and rallying
their men, when they turned and fought like very tigers. And now the scene
was truly thrilling.

                        "Then more fierce
  The conflict grew; the din of arms--the yell
  Of savage rage--the shriek of agony--
  The groan of death, commingled in one sound
  Of undistinguished horrors."

Inch by inch was the lost ground recovered, as hand to hand friend and
foe grappled for the mastery. General Rosencrans, by his dauntless
bearing, cheered on our brave men to such deeds of valor as the pen of
history has seldom recorded. Fiercely did the Union troops throw
themselves in solid battallions against the fierce assailing foe. The roar
of artillery, the rattle of musketry, the groans of the wounded and dying,
rang horribly upon the ear.

Darkness finally closed over the scene, and, for the time, put an end to
the conflict. Weary and exhausted the men threw themselves on the
blood-dyed ground, to pass the hours of night, their ears filled with the
groans of their dying companions.

The number of killed and wounded, on both sides, this day, was quite
large.

Thus ended the old year of Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-Two.


SECOND DAY.

The New Year dawned not on faces radiant with joy and gladness; for, alas!
many of our brave comrades lay stark and cold on that ensanguined field.
No "Happy New Year" came from their voiceless lips--no kindly word of
greeting; but, with eyes upturned to Heaven, they lay mute in death. Never
again would that gray-haired father welcome his son on the threshold of
home. Never again would that meek-eyed mother fold her darling soldier-boy
to her heart. Never again would brother, nor sister, gaze upon his manly
form--for that brave boy slept his last sleep on the battle-field of his
country. Who shall say that the angels did not welcome him that morning
to a Happy New Year, where the sound of battle is never heard?

No, there were no merry greetings, nor lively pealing of bells, for those
war-worn men; but instead was heard the roar of artillery, and the rattle
of musketry, and the groans and shrieks of the wounded and dying soldier,
mingled with that thrilling and strange cry of the horse on receiving his
death wound.

The fighting this day was confined principally to artillery, but at longer
range than the day previous, and consequently the slaughter was much
lighter.

The battle lasted through the day, with no material advantage to either
side; and at night both armies retained nearly their positions of the
morning.

Another night was passed on the battle-field.


THIRD DAY.

Early the following morning considerable skirmishing ensued, and continued
through the forenoon, with shifting of positions.

Between 3 and 4 o'clock in the afternoon, the Rebels, in strong force,
opened an attack on a single brigade of ours, which was posted near Stone
river, and in advance of our extreme left. Pressed by greatly superior
numbers the brigade was compelled to fall back, which they did in good
order, contesting every inch of ground, and making great havoc in the
enemy's ranks. Our reserve force soon pushed forward, with cheers and
yells, determined to do or die. With a shock that could not be withstood,
our brave men rushed upon the foe. Their columns shook--they wavered,
reeled, and fighting desperately, fell back, while the brave Union troops
pushed them at every step. Vainly did the Rebel General in command strive
to rally and turn back his horror-stricken legions. But furiously, more
furiously, did our noble men assail the rebellious foe, till the ground
was piled heap on heap with the slain, and the thirsty earth drank up
their life blood. And now, in utter confusion, the enemy gave way, and
soon were flying before us, like chaff before the wind.

Night had now set in, and darkness was gradually stealing over us; but
still we fought on, determined to achieve a glorious victory for our
country, and our firesides.

Our forces were now massed, and with cheers that made the welkin ring, we
charged down upon a battery of artillery, which had been pouring
destruction into our ranks.

So great was this onset, that again did the enemy give way and retire from
their guns, and fled in wild disorder back into the cedar thickets which
dotted the battle-field.

In this charge we captured four guns of the enemy's celebrated Washington
battery, of Louisiana, and also recaptured several of our own guns, which
were taken from us in the first day's fight.

The Rebel loss, in killed, wounded, and prisoners, was nearly three to our
one. Had but two hours more of daylight intervened, the Rebel army would
have been well nigh annihilated. It was fortunate for them that darkness
put an end to the conflict, when

  "Our bugles sang truce--for the night-cloud had lower'd,
    And the sentinel stars set their watch in the sky;
  And thousands had sunk on the ground overpower'd,
    The weary to sleep, and the wounded to die."

Thus passed another night on the battle-field.


FOURTH DAY.

During this day the enemy kept up a continual skirmishing along our front,
but without seeming inclined to risk another general encounter. This
afterwards appeared to have been only a blind to cover their retreat, for
during the same night they evacuated the field.

On Sunday morning, January 4th, General McCook entered Murfreesboro, and
took formal possession of the town.

Thus ended the great battle of Stone river, which, for desperate and hard
fighting, has not been excelled by any battle fought during the rebellion.


SUMMARY.

It would be occupying too much time and space to give full particulars of
all that transpired during this memorable conflict. And where all fought
so bravely and so well, it will not be necessary to discriminate. Taken as
a whole, it was one of the hardest contested, and most decisive battles,
which has yet been fought. The loss, in killed and wounded, on both sides,
was very heavy. The enemy's loss, in killed and wounded, will not vary far
from twelve thousand to fourteen thousand. About five thousand of the
enemy fell into our hands as prisoners of war. We captured but few arms or
equipments. Our loss, in killed and wounded, was about eight thousand, and
from three thousand to four thousand captured and missing. The Rebels
probably gained a slight advantage in the amount of artillery captured.
Several Generals, and other officers high in rank were killed and wounded,
on both sides. The Rebels retreated towards Tullahoma.

This victory once more placed us in possession of a good part of Middle
Tennessee, and thereby materially afforded us help in obtaining supplies.

The enemy were confident of success, but were woefully disappointed, and
it has been a severe blow to them, and one from which they will hardly
recover. General Rosencrans rather outwitted the redoubtable Rebel Bragg,
and came off with increased laurels. Rosencrans has shown himself to be
the right man in the right place. He knows no such word as _fail_.

Our Battery, in this engagement, was in command of Lieutenant Norman
Baldwin. Captain Standart was still acting as Chief of Artillery, on
General Palmer's Staff. Lieutenant Sypher was sick, at Nashville. Both
Lieutenants Baldwin and Sturges acted with great coolness and bravery.
Lieutenant Baldwin had one horse killed under him. The Battery was several
times in a dangerous position, and once was nearly surrounded by the
enemy, and subjected to a severe cross fire. The men heroically stood at
their posts, and fought like veterans, while the air was hissing with shot
and shell. None wavered from their duty, and all are deserving of the
highest praise. But, alas! some laid down their lives in that fearful
battle-storm. This was the first time that any of our company were killed
in battle.

The following is a list of the members of the Battery who were killed,
wounded, and taken prisoners:

_Killed_--Orderly Sergeant Thomas J. Thompson; Sergeant George Wolf;
Privates Chauncey Lyon, Samuel Ruple, John Elliott.

_Wounded Seriously_--Privates Benjamin F. Sarles, S. W. Shankland, William
Broe, Alfred French John Blanchard.

_Wounded and Missing_--A. J. McLaughlin, George Overy.

_Slightly Wounded_--L. L. Sawtell, N. Schoh, J. Arndt, J. Grant, --.
Hayes.

Of those mentioned as killed, Chauncey Lyon was killed instantly; Sergeant
Wolf had his head entirely blown off, and, as is supposed, by one of our
own guns, as he was seen to step in front of the battery just as the
command to fire was given. Immediately thereafter his lifeless body was
found near one of the guns. The others died a few days after, from the
effects of their wounds. Those seriously wounded were removed to the
hospitals at Nashville. Alfred French had his arm amputated. The others
will all probably recover without loss of limbs. Those who were slightly
wounded continued on duty. We had twenty-one horses killed. A shot struck
the forge, knocking out a spoke and splintering the box. The battery wagon
was made a complete wreck.



CHAPTER XIII.

WE LEAVE THE BATTLE-FIELD.


We remained camped on the battle-ground until the 7th of January, when we
moved about three miles beyond Murfreesboro, on the McMinnville road, and
camped in a piece of woods near the road. The same night the wagons came
out from Nashville, bringing our tents and baggage. We remained here
through the next day. On Friday, January 9th, we struck tents, and went
one mile nearer town.

We camped about a quarter of a mile off the road, and near a house. The
ground was not very well adapted for such a purpose, being quite low.

During our stay here we experienced much heavy weather; it rained or
snowed a great portion of the time. But we now received a supply of new
clothing, and other necessary articles.

After remaining here for ten days, on the morning of Sunday, January 18th,
we once more made a move.

The morning was quite cold, and considerable snow lay on the ground--a
heavy snow storm having prevailed during the night.

A march of six miles brought us to Cripple creek. We pitched our tents on
a hill overlooking the surrounding country, and near the creek. The place
was very rocky, and covered with young cedars. The trees, rocks and
stumps, were so thick that it was almost impossible for a wagon to get
through. But the men went to work, and soon had the ground sufficiently
cleared to pitch the tents. This camp was on the McMinnville road, and
eight miles from Murfreesboro. We had passed the place several times
previously.

The day succeeding our arrival all hands went to work clearing up the
ground, felling trees, and building breast-works and fortifications. This
occupied several days. The weather was cold, with frequent rains, which
rendered our condition rather unpleasant.

Nothing out of the usual way occurred until January 24th, when the entire
brigade made a reconnoissance towards Woodbury. On reaching Readyville
were joined by General Hazen's brigade, and then proceeded as far as
Woodbury, where a skirmish ensued with a small Rebel force. Our troops
repulsed and drove them from the town. Our brigade returned to camp the
same night.

Sunday, January 22d. This being the anniversary of Washington's birth-day,
at sun-down we fired a salute.

The next day Captain Standart started for home, having obtained a short
furlough.

March 2d. A skirmish reported beyond Readyville.

March 3d. The entire division of General Reynolds passed our camp, going
towards Woodbury.

March 5th. An election took place for five persons whose names should be
placed on the Roll of Honor, according to published order of General
Rosencrans. The following men were elected, viz: John Boon, Joseph Axford,
Thomas C. Potter, John Snyder, and C. B. Valentine.

March 6th. Were paid this day for four months' services, being up to
January 1st. The first payment we had received in six months. This put the
men in good spirits again; but they had one difficulty, and that was, they
had no means of getting rid of their money, as the market in this vicinity
was not over-well stocked with what a soldier wants.

The next day a portion of General Reynold's force--which went towards
Woodbury a few days previous--returned to Murfreesboro. Cannonading was
heard this day--supposed to be in the direction of Franklin.

The morning following, the order was passed to prepare to march. But,
after getting ready, we stood all day waiting for the word to proceed.
Just at dark were told to unharness horses, as we were not to move for the
present.

Tuesday, March 10th. All quiet on Cripple creek. Tents were again pitched.
Considerable rain fell during the day.

Thursday, March 12th. Lieutenant Baldwin went to Nashville this day, to
procure horses.

Saturday, March 14th. Buchanan Reed, the artist and poet, of Cincinnati,
addressed our brigade this day. Lieutenant Kelley left for home, having
resigned, and his resignation being accepted. Captain Standart returned to
his command.

Sunday, March 15th.--Eighth week in our present camp. Brigade review
to-day.

Sunday, March 22d. Ninth week in camp.--Weather delightful. Peach trees in
bloom. Trees leaving out.

Wednesday, March 25th. Received news to-day that George D. Eldridge--a
member of our company--was dead. He died in hospital, at Nashville.

Sunday, March 29th. Tenth week in camp. Last night, at 10 o'clock, we had
an alarm. It was caused by our pickets, who fired on a small party of
Rebel cavalry--the cavalrymen having made a dash on them, so the pickets
reported. No one hurt.

Wednesday, April 1st. At 12 o'clock last night were routed out, with
orders to prepare three days' rations, in haversacks, for a
reconnoissance. Two hours later preparations were completed, when a start
was made. All of our guns were taken, with two train wagons. The forge and
Battery wagons, and all camp equipage, were left in camp. The brigade
divided and took different roads. The object of this movement was to
surprise and capture a force of Rebel cavalry, who were camped between
Woodbury and McMinnville. A part of the third brigade came out to our
camp, on guard duty, during the absence of our brigade. The expedition
returned at night, having dispersed the enemy, killing and wounding a
number. They also captured their entire camp equipage, several wagons, a
lot of horses and mules, and about twenty prisoners.

The next morning the third brigade of our division passed camp. Part of
the Fifteenth Pennsylvania cavalry were with them. They had no camp
equipage, and carried five days' rations. Were on a reconnoissance, and
going towards Woodbury and McMinnville.

Saturday, April 4th. Part of our brigade went to Readyville, as guard to
General Hazen's camp.

Sunday, April 5th. Eleventh week in camp.

Tuesday, April 7th, were paid to-day up to 1st of March.

Saturday, April 11th. At roll-call we had orders to draw three days'
rations, and be in readiness to move at daylight next morning.

Sunday, April 12th. All were ready to move, but no further order was given
in regard to doing so. In the afternoon the First and Second Kentucky
infantry were each presented with a beautiful flag. The weather continued
fine. This was our twelfth week in present camp.

Monday, April 20th. General Reynold's division passed our camp on another
reconnoissance towards Woodbury and McMinnville.

Tuesday, April 21st. The men were this day--as well as several days
previous--engaged in clearing up camp--hauling gravel and evergreens. The
ground had been leveled off, and covered with gravel, and arbors and
summer-houses built of evergreens, stables made for the horses, and our
camp otherwise beautified. It now presented a cheerful appearance. From
indications it appeared that we were to remain here for some time to come.
We were favored with fine weather--but little rain having fallen during
the last month. Everything in nature looked beautiful.

Saturday, April 25th. A teamster belonging to the brigade, while
intoxicated, fell off his mule just in front of our camp. The wagon passed
over him, injuring him so severely that he died the same night. Could not
learn his name, nor to what regiment he belonged.

Sunday, April 26th. Fourteen weeks this day since our arrival here.
Lieutenant Baldwin started for home, on a short furlough. Lieutenant
Sypher was sent to Cleveland, on recruiting service, on the 22d inst. The
teamster who was killed the day previous was buried this day.

Tuesday, April 28th. Had orders to hold ourselves ready to move at any
moment. Considerable Rebel cavalry were daily seen hovering around our
lines. Nothing very serious apprehended.

Thursday, April 30th. Regular two month's muster for pay. Our tents were
also turned over to the Quarter-Master. We were to have what are termed
"shelter" tents, in place of our old ones. The men call them "dog" tents,
and they are rightly named. Although this was the day set apart, by
President Lincoln, as a day of fasting and prayer, everything went on as
usual in camp. The men said that they had done enough fasting.

Friday, May 1st. All the sick were this day sent to the hospital.

Sunday, May 3rd. Fifteen weeks this day at Cripple Creek. We were joined
by two companies of the First Tennessee Cavalry. They went into camp on
the flats across the creek. Regular brigade review.

Monday, May 4th. The One Hundred and Twentieth Illinois Infantry passed
our camp, going towards Murfreesboro. The regiment had been for some time
in the Second brigade of General Palmer's division, but had been reduced
by sickness and desertion, so that it did not then contain over one
hundred and fifty effective men. The weather continued quite warm.

Tuesday, May 5th. The Twenty-Third Kentucky Infantry passed our camp, on
their way to take the place of the One Hundred and Tenth Illinois. Weather
cloudy, with some rain.

Friday, May 8th. Lieutenant Baldwin returned from home, bringing numerous
packages for the men, sent by their friends.

On Sunday, May 11th, J. P. Beers died, at noon. His disease was Typhoid
fever. He hailed from Collamer, a few miles East of Cleveland, Ohio. At 3
o'clock a grand review of the entire brigade took place, after which the
troops were formed in a hollow square, when Captain Standart was called
out and presented, by General Cruft, on behalf of the officers of the
brigade, with a beautiful flag for our Battery. But great was the
Captain's surprise, when the General presented him with a splendid sword,
as a mark of the respect and high estimation in which the officers of the
brigade held him. General Cruft then made a neat little speech, which was
happily responded to by Captain Standart.

Colonel Barnett being present, also offered a few remarks, in which he
alluded, in a happy manner, to the good discipline and soldierly bearing
of the men, and congratulated us for the fair name and reputation which
we had gained.

Colonel Enyart, of the First Kentucky Infantry, was also presented with an
elegantly wrought sword, by the officers and soldiers of his command.

Immediately after the above ceremony, loud, long, and hearty cheers were
given for General Cruft, Colonel Barnett, Captain Standart, Colonel
Enyart, and the officers of the First Brigade. And now all quietly marched
back to their respective quarters.

Sunday, May 10th, 1863, will long live in the remembrance of those who
composed Standart's Battery.

The flag which we received was made of the most costly material. On its
folds, in letters of silver, was inscribed: Presented by the Officers of
First Brigade, Second Division, Twenty-First Army Corps, to Standart's
Ohio Battery. Underneath this were the Words: Wild Cat, Mill Springs,
Chaplin Hills, Stone River. The Captain's sword is heavily mounted with
gold, and is a beautiful piece of workmanship. It cost two hundred
dollars.

From the above it will be seen that the services which our Battery has
rendered in the Union cause are duly appreciated by those who know our
history best.

The morning succeeding the above eventful day, the body of J. P. Beers was
sent home. The detachment to which he belonged escorted his remains
outside the lines.

The day following, the Third brigade of our division arrived, and camped
near us.

Friday, May 15. A little excitement in camp, caused by a horse-race for
one hundred dollars a side. Our whilom mule-driver says that his steed can
run the "har" clean off them dandified looking "critters." But says he
don't "keer" about betting, as cabbages ain't very plenty just now.

Sunday, May 17th. On this morning, as General Palmer and Staff were out,
with some of the First Tennessee cavalry, on a reconnoissance, when about
five miles from camp they were suddenly confronted by a large body of
Rebel cavalry, who at once opened fire on them. General Palmer gave the
command for his cavalry to charge, and which order the brave Tennesseeans
were not slow in obeying. With drawn sabres they rushed on the Rebels,
which caused them to give way, when they broke and fled in confusion. The
result was the capture of about twenty prisoners, the same number of
horses, and a few muskets. Two captains were among the prisoners. One or
two of the enemy were killed, and several wounded. Two or three slightly
wounded on our side. The prisoners were soon after brought into camp.
Brigade inspection in the afternoon. Seventeen weeks in camp at Cripple
creek.

After the above incident nothing aside from the usual daily routine and
an occasional reconnoissance, transpired until Tuesday, June 23d. On this
day we received word that Andy Ives, a member of our company, was dead. He
had been sick for some time, and had been taken to Nashville by his
father. This made twenty-two of our members who had died or been killed
since we first entered the service. This afternoon the entire army in camp
at Cripple Creek was called out to witness the execution of a private, in
the First Kentucky infantry, for desertion.

At half-past 2 o'clock, P. M., the division marched in regiments to the
parade ground, and were drawn up in the usual manner on such occasions. At
a quarter to 3 o'clock the prisoner made his appearance, following his
coffin, and surrounded by a strong guard. On either side of him was a
chaplain, or spiritual adviser. The drums beat a mournful march, and,
after passing around the various regiments, with head uncovered, the
doomed man was placed behind his coffin. He was then allowed to make a
short address, but little of which could be heard. After he had concluded,
a prayer, in his behalf, was offered by each of the chaplains. The
prisoner then shook hands with them, and with some of the officers. His
eyes were then bandaged--his bosom bared for the fatal shot. The soldiers
detailed for this painful duty took their positions. With a suspense which
was painful to witness, all awaited the final word for the execution.

Precisely at 3 o'clock the signal was given, and immediately the report
of twelve guns echoed through the valley. * * * All was over.

On examination it was found that four balls had pierced his heart, and one
had entered his temple. His death was easy and instantaneous.

Thus ended a sad and painful scene, the like of which we hope never again
to behold. The man's name was Shockman, and he hailed from Cincinnati. He
was about twenty-eight years of age, and unmarried.

On returning to our quarters, an order was received to issue twelve days'
rations, and be ready to move at a moment's notice. As we had before
received such orders, and nothing came of them, the men were now inclined
to believe--as we had been so long at this camp--that we would here remain
until disbanded. But at dark it became quite evident that a move would be
made on the following morning. Some were pleased at this, but others were
loth to leave a place which had become almost like a home to them. We had
now been here a little over five months--by far the greatest length of
time we had remained in any one camp. But all things must have a
termination, and so did our stay here.

In the different dates above, have been given the items of interest which
occurred during our stay at Cripple Creek. But little else, aside from the
usual routine of camp life, had taken place.



CHAPTER XIV.

DEPARTURE FROM CRIPPLE CREEK.


Early on the morning of June 24th all were astir, and busily engaged in
preparing to march. The word was given to be ready at 7 o'clock. The
weather was quite cloudy, and indicated rain. At 8 o'clock it commenced
raining; and shortly after, we were on the move, having bid adieu to
Cripple Creek, which had so long been our home. The rain was now falling
heavily, and so continued through the whole day.

After crossing the creek, we took a South-east course. The roads in many
places were quite rough, but the country, generally, was level. We passed
through a fine farming section, and the crops mostly looked flourishing,
but somewhat backward, owing to the late spring frosts, which had delayed
planting.

A march of six or eight miles brought us out on the Murfreesboro and
Bradyville pike, and the roads were now in better condition. General
Wood's Division were here waiting for us to pass. A little further on, we
found the Second Brigade, General Hazen, waiting to join us. Shortly
after, we passed through the small town of Bradyville. About one mile
beyond this, at a creek, a skirmish took place between some of the First
Tennessee Cavalry and a party of Rebel Cavalry. Two of the Tennesseans
were wounded, and, as usual, the enemy "skeedaddled."

A halt was now made; and, after standing in the rain for an hour, we
finally turned off the road, and camped for the night in a piece of woods.
Thus ended our first day's march from Cripple Creek.

The next morning was again rainy. Made a move at 6 o'clock, and found the
roads rough and hilly. Had one very steep and bad hill to ascend, and
found it necessary to double our teams; but it was some time ere all the
guns and caissons were well at the top. We marched about five miles, and
then halted for the wagon train to come up. The weather had now partially
cleared. At 5 o'clock, seeing no prospect of the trains arriving that
night, we finally camped. Some firing heard in the distance, on our left.

Next morning, the train had not reached us, and we could not move without
it, as we were without provisions or forage. Were obliged to send back for
feed for our horses. More rain was falling, and the roads were getting
very heavy. About noon, the wagons arrived; but no further move was made,
and we quietly remained in camp. Heavy firing was heard nearly all day. A
general battle was reported as going on at Beech Grove, about twelve or
fourteen miles distant. General Thomas' Corps was engaged. Rumors were
rife in camp, and several prisoners were brought in. Our camp was located
at Holly Springs, about seventeen miles from Murfreesboro.

Saturday, June 27th. All hands were up at daylight, and prepared
breakfast. The weather again cloudy. Firing on our right, still heard; but
just before noon, ceased. At 12 o'clock, report came that General Thomas
had defeated the Rebels and driven them, taking a large number of
prisoners, and a lot of plunder.

At 1 o'clock, we once more got started, but the road was in a horrible
condition; and after plodding slowly along for some six miles, we turned
into a field near a creek and pitched our tents.

Sunday, June 28th. Morning cloudy. About 9 o'clock it commenced raining,
but we were soon moving. Went two miles, and then prepared to camp; but
the stumps and brush were so thick that it was some time ere we were
enabled to pitch the tents. This was one mile from Manchester, and near a
large creek, called the Barren fork of Duck river.

In the morning we were again moving, but nothing worthy of note transpired
for several days.

Saturday, July fourth, eighteen hundred and sixty-three. This is the
eighty-seventh anniversary of our National Independence, and here we are
engaged in civil war. What would our old Revolutionary heroes say, could
they but look in upon us? Ah! little did they dream when they laid down
the sword and gun, that this country would ever again have cause to
maintain her honor by sword-blade and cannon's mouth; yet, this curse has
been entailed upon us, by the vandal hand of the South. And now, to-day we
stand up in a cause just as pure and holy as that for which our fathers
fought in days gone by. We battle for our country as a whole; it _must
not_, it _can not_ be divided. Yes,

  We'll battle for our own true flag,
    We'll fight for every star;
  In town, on plain, or beetled crag,
    Our cause we'll thunder far.

But, already a light--faint though it be--breaks over our war-tossed
homes, and 'tis slowly but surely expanding. Ere another year be passed,
we hope to see its effulgent rays light up all the dark corners of our
land. That light, is the light of Liberty and Union.

But to our Battery.

We were now camped in the woods near Elk river, and there was but little
prospect of our very soon getting out, as it rained almost uninterruptedly
for several days, making our condition far from enviable. Our wagons,
which had been left at Manchester, arrived early in the morning, as also
did the train from Murfreesboro with provisions, which was hailed with
delight. But still we were to be kept on half rations, as we had been for
some time back.

During the afternoon the writer of this received two boxes of "good
things" from home, and the men all gathered around him with open mouths
and straining eyes.

There being a little "mountain dew" in one of the boxes, on inspection, it
made some of the men feel in better spirits, and rather more patriotic.

Thus passed the 4th of July, 1863.

Tuesday, July 7th. About five o'clock in the afternoon cannonading was
heard in the direction of Tullahoma, and from the regularity of the firing
it was supposed to be occasioned by some good news. In a short time after,
firing was heard much nearer, and evidently in General Thomas's Corps,
which was encamped on the opposite side of Elk river. One half hour later,
the joyful news was received of the capture of Vicksburg, and the entire
Rebel army of that place. The news spread like wild-fire through the camp,
and every one was in high glee. Good news was also received from the army
of the Potomac, which was now under the command of Major-General Meade.

Wednesday, July 8th. Early this morning received word to prepare for a
move. Some of the batteries in our division fired a salute in honor of the
victory achieved at Vicksburg. About half-past 7, we got started, and
moved towards Manchester. The roads were in a horrible condition, and it
was with difficulty that we were enabled to proceed. We passed through the
town of Hillsboro, and here General Woods's division went into camp while
we pushed forward, and at 4 o'clock in the afternoon reached Manchester,
a small town on the Chattanooga and Nashville railroad, and went into
camp.

Our tents were pitched on the same ground that we formerly occupied, and
on the following day we commenced clearing up and regulating the place, as
it was evident that we were to remain here for several days. Shades of
evergreens were erected over the tents, and the ground being hard and dry
our situation was quite pleasant.

On Monday, July 13th, Generals Rosencrans and Crittenden, together with
several other distinguished officers, arrived on the cars. They appeared
to be on a tour of inspection; but after a short stop proceeded to
McMinnville.

The Pay Master arrived on the following Wednesday, and took up quarters
with Captain Standart. The next day we were paid for four months'
services, being up to July 1st.

The above comprises about all that occurred while in camp at Elk river,
out of the usual course of camp life. The weather, while here, was quite
hot, and frequent thunder storms ensued. Several prisoners were brought in
at different times, and numerous foraging expeditions were sent out, and
were generally successful, bringing in oats, rye, and hay. Farmers came in
with wagon loads of potatoes, fruit and vegetables, which were readily
bought by the soldiers. A number of men in our Battery built ovens, in
which they baked bread, pies, etc.; and, as a general thing, we lived on
the best the country afforded.

A few days before we left camp an addition was made to our Battery of
twelve new members, who were enlisted on the Western Reserve, in Ohio.
Orderly Sergeant Thompson, received his commission as Second Lieutenant,
and William Camp was appointed Orderly Sergeant. William Broe, who was
wounded at the battle of Stone river, rejoined us. Captain Standart was
acting as Chief of Artillery for the division, and also sitting on the
Court Martial board. We received a number of fresh horses from Nashville,
together with a lot of new clothing. Several of the members who had been
left in hospital at Murfreesboro, returned to duty. We remained in this
camp just thirty-eight days.

At 3 o'clock on the morning of Sunday, August 16th, we were all aroused
from a sound sleep, with the order to "turn out," and "get ready to
march."

This was rather unexpected, and caused considerable surprise, as it was
understood that no movement would be made until Monday. But, "no man
knoweth what a day may bring forth." So move it was, and at 8 o'clock we
were "marching along." About 10 o'clock we crossed Taylor creek, and
headed towards McMinnville; but when we had proceeded some five or six
miles it clouded up suddenly, and soon we were experiencing one of those
thunder storms so peculiar to this region. In a couple of hours the storm
had passed over, and the remainder of the day was quite pleasant. We
reached Viola near sundown, and camped in a large field near the place.

At daylight all were up and had breakfast, expecting the usual early move.
The morning was foggy, but at 8 o'clock the mist cleared away, and two
hours later we were on the road.

We now turned off to the right, crossing a small creek; and, as we were
now off the McMinnville pike, our expectations of going to that place
vanished. We were once more nonplussed as to what was really our
destination. As usual, various opinions were expressed.

It would really be laughable to an outsider to hear the surmises and
"yarns" of the men about this, that and the other. One thing, however, was
quite evident: that from the direction we were taking, we would soon be
among the Cumberland mountains; and it further looked as if we were
heading towards Chattanooga.

We soon found ourselves on a road over which we had marched nearly a year
previous, and which leads from McMinnville to Altamont. This road is a
succession of twists and turns, being similar to a street in Boston: it
had no apparent beginning, nor ending.

After a tedious day of it--meeting with some slight accidents--at night we
came near a large Female Seminary, and camped in the woods close by, and
two miles from Collins river.

Started at 8 o'clock the next morning, and soon thereafter crossed Collins
river. The road was now ascending, being in many places quite steep, and
it was with much difficulty that we were enabled to transport our heavy
guns. The horses were all pretty well used up at the end of the day, and
some of them had given out entirely.

On Wednesday morning, according to orders of the previous evening, we got
an early start, and at five o'clock were all on the road. The horses were
suffering for want of food, as we had no forage for them, and we were
obliged to send them back on the road for a supply.

The road now lay through a thinly settled part of the country, and very
rocky and uneven. Water was scarcely to be obtained, and for the want of
which there was much suffering. Frequent halts were found necessary, to
rest both men and horses. At 2 o'clock we had made about fifteen miles;
had now gained the summit, and were about to descend the mountain. We
found this part of the road more heavy than that of the morning. In going
down a steep pitch, the reach of the forge was broken, and a little
further on, two caissons broke down. The men belonging to the detachments,
together with the wagon maker, were left with them to make repairs. The
remainder of the Battery continued on, and at 5 o'clock reached the small
town of Dunlap, which is located in Sequatchie Valley, and one mile from
the foot of the mountain.

At 10 o'clock on the morning of September 3d, we once more made a move,
and about noon passed through the town of Jasper, making but a short halt.
Five miles beyond the town, we crossed the Sequatchie river, and halted
on its banks long enough to get dinner. At 4 o'clock we again moved
forward, and continued on till about 8 o'clock in the evening, when we
halted in a large field, about one mile from the Tennessee river.

Our orders were to unharness horses, but to be prepared to cross the river
as soon as the moon rose. Accordingly none ventured to sleep; but we built
large fires, cooked supper, and patiently awaited for the moon's rising.

At 10 o'clock Miss Luna showed her face, which was the signal to move; and
in a few moments we were on the way to the river. In a short time we
reached its bank, and at once commenced crossing by means of ferry-boats;
but it was daylight ere all were safely crossed, and at Shellmond.

Shellmond is nothing more than a railroad station, there being only the
depot building to give it the name of a place. It is located on the
Nashville and Chattanooga railroad, twenty-two miles from Chattanooga, and
about sixteen from Stevenson, being on the South bank of Tennessee river.
The place had been occupied by the Rebels a short time previous to our
arrival, but they had been driven out by Union troops. The depot building,
which is of brick, showed rough usage from the effects of cannon balls,
shell and bullets--it being pretty well riddled.

About one mile from the depot is a large cavern, called the Knick-a-Jack
Cave. Near by, are the salt works, which had been worked by the Rebels,
but which were mostly destroyed by our troops, at the time the Rebels were
driven out.

We remained in the above camp until the afternoon of September 5th, when,
at 2 o'clock, we were once more on the move.

During our stay here, a large number of troops arrived from different
points; and it was now plainly evident that our destination was
Chattanooga, or its immediate vicinity, and all were in expectation of
soon being once more engaged in deadly array with the enemy. The weather
was extremely warm and sultry.

The division to which our Battery was attached, proceeded on the direct
road to Chattanooga. In many places the road was narrow and rocky, and our
progress was necessarily slow. The Tennessee river was frequently in plain
view, and the road ran in close proximity to the railroad. We occasionally
passed places where the Rebels had made a halt, and had hastily erected
breastworks, or slight stockades, no doubt from fear of an attack from our
forces.

At dark, all were anxiously awaiting for the order to encamp; but in this
were disappointed, for we were still kept on the move. At half-past 9
o'clock we passed the ruins of the railroad bridge at Falling Waters. This
bridge was formerly a splendid structure, but was now a complete wreck,
having been destroyed by the Rebels. Three miles further, much to our
gratification, we filed into a cornfield and camped for the night.

All were weary and well nigh worn out by the protracted march; but fires
were soon lighted, and preparations made for supper.

It so happened that there was--to elegantly describe it--a hog pen near
by, in which were several fine young "porkers," and the men--though
contrary to orders--were determined to make an inspection of the place.
But how to manage the thing, without alarming the guard, was the question.
Finally a plan was arranged: Two of the men were to stand sentry, while
one, with axe in hand, and another with keen, glittering blade, were to
knock on the head, and cut porkers' throats. This done, they would be
thrown out to the sentries, when they would at once drag them off into the
field, where the initiated were to be lying in wait to receive them. But,
alas! how often are poor mortals' calculations vain. Owing to some
blunder, the pigs took the alarm, and beat a hasty retreat into one corner
of the pen, and their outcries soon brought a Major to the scene of
action, who at once arrested all those who were in the vicinity of the
pen, and all of whom were innocent of any crime. But to the guard-house
they were marched, there to dream of pork in all its forms.

At daylight we were again on the move, and shortly after crossed the
Georgia line, being the first time we had ever been in that State.

In many places there were evidences of a grand "skedaddle" having been
made by the Rebels. The men now anxiously began to enquire along the road
the distance to Chattanooga, and what about the enemy. To these questions
they received about as intelligent answers as they might expect from a
freshly imported Dutchman's "Nix-cum-erouse," as all we could learn was,
that it was a "right smart distance," and that Bragg had a "heap" of men,
and us Yankees would wish ourselves "done gone."

At noon, we arrived at Rock Cove mountain, and, on climbing to its summit,
went into camp.

We remained here undisturbed during the following day, when, at evening
roll-call, we were ordered to prepare to march. A large number of troops
had come in during the day, and it was evident to all that something
important was soon to occur.

At 1 o'clock on the morning of September 8th, we resumed our march, and
without an incident, at night camped by the road-side. At daybreak the
following morning, again moved forward, and just before noon arrived at
the celebrated Lookout Mountain, and at once commenced its ascent. We were
soon in plain view of Chattanooga; and from the top of this mountain the
prospect of the surrounding country was grand and picturesque in the
extreme.

Owing to the breaking down of a number of the transportation wagons, it
was late in the day ere we were all safely over. But great was our
surprise, on now finding ourselves faced in a contrary direction to
Chattanooga. Soon, however, we learned that the enemy had evacuated the
town, and were retreating towards Lafayette; so in that direction we
shaped our course. Proceeding five miles further, we camped for the night.

The next day we continued the march, and now began to have skirmishes with
the enemy's rear-guard, and it was thought that a general engagement would
soon be brought about.

Shortly before dark, we crossed the small river of Chickamauga, and two
miles further on came to a halt.

We moved on the next morning, and after proceeding five miles, halted for
dinner. But while we were quietly partaking of our food, a sudden and
unexpected assault was made by a force of the enemy's cavalry, which
resulted in the capture of about fifty men of the First Kentucky Infantry,
of our brigade, and who were on picket guard. So emboldened were the
Rebels by their exploit, that they made a second dash, and into our very
midst. But they met with a sudden check, and were soon put to flight,
leaving several of their number dead and wounded in our hands. For the
remainder of the day we were not disturbed, and lay in camp till the next
morning.

The next day, at 10 o'clock in the morning, we arrived at the small town
of Graysville. At this place were several mills and factories, which had
been used in manufacturing various articles for the Confederates. These
works were ordered to be destroyed, which was speedily accomplished, and
soon thereafter we were again moving.

At 2 o'clock P. M., we reached the town of Ringgold. It was near this
place that Colonel Creighton, and Lieutenant-Colonel Crane, of the gallant
Seventh Ohio Infantry, were soon afterwards killed, while charging up the
steeps at the head of their men.

We were here informed that the enemy's rear guard had been driven from the
town by our advance cavalry.

Remaining here for the night, early in the morning we moved forward; but
not until we had destroyed the property of the rampant Rebels who resided
in the place.

Passing through the town, we took a South-easterly course, and soon
crossed Chickamauga river. After proceeding about eight miles, our column
was suddenly brought to a halt, by our scouts coming in contact with the
enemy's rear guard. A lively skirmish now ensued, which resulted to our
advantage, as several of the Rebels were killed and captured.

After this incident, we continued on our way, and at dark camped near Lee
and Gordon's Mills, which are situated on the Chickamauga river. Troops
were constantly coming in, and there seemed to be a general concentration
of our forces at this point. Something momentous was on the tapis.

Long ere daylight the following morning, we had made preparations to move,
and were awaiting orders. From various movements going on in camp, it was
apparent that the enemy were meditating mischief, as it was well known
that they were in strong force in our immediate vicinity. About dark we
changed our position by crossing the river.

At early dawn the next morning all were ready for orders. After waiting
for some hours, word reached us that the enemy were retreating.
Immediately we were pushed forward, and after going a few miles, arrived
at a cross roads, when a halt was ordered.

It was now ascertained that the enemy were gradually falling back to the
town of Lafayette, and where it was supposed they would concentrate their
force and await an attack.

At 7 o'clock of the same evening, the clear, ringing notes of the bugle
summoned us to our respective posts, and in less than ten minutes
thereafter we were moving. But instead of going forward, a retrograde
movement was made; or, in other words, we fell back. Here was mystery on
mystery, to us soldiers, and many a sly wink, or ominous shake of the
head, was exchanged. Two days later, however, plainly showed what this
movement meant. All along the road flashed the camp-fires of the Union
army. The night was cold and cheerless, and around the fires groups of
weary, worn-out soldiers were gathered. Many a draft was made on some
Confederate's rail fence, for fuel to keep the fires going. Onward we
slowly moved, sometimes through cornfields and woods. At 8 o'clock we
turned into a large field, and now expected to go into camp. But in this
were disappointed, for an hour later we were again ordered to proceed.
Near midnight we turned into a cornfield, and, after considerable
maneuvering, were ordered to pitch tents.

At peep-of-day, on the morning of September 18th, the camp was astir.
Breakfast was hurried up, horses fed and watered, and soon we were ready
to move. Orders were frequently given, and as often countermanded. Horses
were harnessed and unharnessed, some half dozen times; but at last we made
a go of it. Every few moments a halt was ordered; and thus it went until
the day was nearly ended, and little progress had been made.

Shortly before dark we arrived at Gordon's Mills and came to a halt.
Considerable cannonading was now heard on our right, and Madame Rumor,
with her thousand tongues, was busily circulating all manner of reports
throughout the lines. One thing, however, was certain; and that was,
matters must soon come to a focus, which the events of the following day
will fully demonstrate.

At 8 o'clock, the same evening, our horses were harnessed and hitched to
the guns; but hour after hour went by, and no word to move. Troops were
constantly filing past our Battery. We huddled around the camp-fires and
patiently awaited for orders. At midnight came the word to "forward," and
away we went. But little did we dream of what was in store for us the day
following, and which resulted so disastrously to the Army of the
Cumberland.



CHAPTER XV.

THE BATTLE OF CHICKAMAUGA.


FIRST DAY.

At 2 o'clock on the morning of the 19th of September, we passed our former
camping ground near Lee and Gordon's Mills, and about one mile beyond,
came to a halt. The weather was very cold, but fires were not allowed, and
every one was cautioned to remain as quietly as possible--to keep our
stations, and be prepared to obey any orders that might be given.

Although the men were weary and nigh worn out, yet they cheerfully obeyed,
as all well knew that danger threatened, and it behooved us to be on our
guard.

It was well that this caution was taken, for at daylight, the booming of
artillery and the rattle of musketry proclaimed that another battle had
commenced.

The enemy, in part, were stationed in a piece of woods near the banks of
the Chickamauga river, but in a short time they attempted a flank
movement, and the lines of both armies were at once changed. At 9 o'clock
the engagement became general, and the enemy now made several desperate
charges, but were as often repulsed with heavy loss. At 11 o'clock, the
battle raged with great fury, but both sides still maintained their
ground, and frequently a fierce hand to hand conflict ensued. Charge after
charge did the Rebels make in heavy body upon our sturdy lines, and as
often were they driven back.

Our Battery was exposed to a hot and galling fire, but we maintained our
position through the entire day, the guns belching forth a continuous
sheet of flame. Several of our men were wounded in the engagement, but
none were killed. Lieutenant Baldwin still commanded the Battery, and
here, as well as at Stone river, he displayed great coolness and bravery.

At dark, hostilities ceased, only to be renewed with greater fierceness on
the following day.


SECOND DAY.

Early in the morning the battle again opened, when both armies for some
time kept up a series of maneuverings, each endeavoring to gain some
advantage in position. The Rebels having greatly superior numbers, were
enabled to extend their lines, so that our army was in imminent danger of
being outflanked; and at one time they had nearly succeeded in cutting off
our communication with Chattanooga. But General Rosencrans had anticipated
this, and had made preparations to check the movement, which was
successfully done, but not without great loss.

General Bragg, finding himself foiled in this attempt, now ordered a
general assault along the entire line, and soon the battle raged with
increasing fury.

About this time, a large body of the enemy charged upon our Battery. On,
on they came, with steady front, feeling confident of victory. But our
gallant men wavered not. Nobly did they face their hated foe, and
anxiously watched the countenance of our brave Captain. Soon he gave the
word, and instantly the brazen throats of all our guns spoke out their
thunder, and the enemy went down like grass before the scythe. But onward
came the foe, and at each instant our guns mowed great gaps in their
ranks. Now they were seen to waver--to sway backwards and forwards, and
finally when it seemed as if they must surely accomplish their object,
they fell back in confusion.

Soon thereafter, a large body of the enemy were massed and thrown forward
on our Brigade. For a time this assault was withstood, but owing to their
superior numbers, the Brigade was finally compelled to give way.

The ground over which we retired was very rocky, and covered with a heavy
growth of underbrush. Two of our guns had been disabled, by the breaking
of the trails. As the enemy were closely pressing us, we were compelled to
abandon these guns, which fell into their hands.

During the above charge, several of our Company were wounded and taken
prisoners.

The retreat now became general, the Union forces slowly retiring towards
Chattanooga.

Thus, after nearly two days' hard fighting against a greatly superior
force, the Army of the Cumberland were compelled to give up the field.

The Union loss in this engagement was, two thousand and eight hundred
killed, eleven thousand and five hundred wounded, and five thousand
prisoners. The Rebel loss was, from their own account, twenty thousand
killed, wounded and prisoners.

Our Battery reached Chattanooga about dark the same night, and early the
following morning the forge and baggage wagons crossed the river. The army
took position in the town and extended their works for several miles along
the river. Skirmishing frequently ensued, and the battles of Lookout
Mountain, Mission Ridge and Chattanooga were fought, when Bragg was
compelled to give up the offensive, and retire, with his whole army, into
Georgia.



CONCLUSION.


During the intervals of these battles, our Company, as well as the entire
Army of the Cumberland, suffered greatly for the want of suitable food.
For many days we were on quarter rations; and, for some time, had but one
biscuit per day. The horses fared still worse; and it often happened that,
for two or three consecutive days, we had nothing wherewith to feed them.
The Rebels had possession of the country in our front, where forage only
could be obtained. They also had command of the Nashville and Chattanooga
Railroad, on the South side of the Tennessee river; so, our supplies were
transported by wagons by the way of Stevenson.

Finally, it being found impossible to procure provisions for the entire
army, a number of batteries were placed in the Reserve Corps. Our Battery
was of the number.

On the morning of October 19th, the order was given to send all the horses
belonging to the Reserve to Stevenson, and that the batteries be moved
across the river. This was done, and we went into quarters at Black Oak
Ridge, where we found comfortable log houses which had been erected by
Union troops, who had previously occupied the place.

We remained in camp at this place, until the battle of Chattanooga, when,
by orders of General Thomas, we were sent to Nashville. Captain Standart
had sent in his resignation, which was accepted, and, on the 12th of
November, he left for home. The command of the Battery now devolved on
Lieutenant Baldwin, he being the senior officer on duty.

On Sunday evening, December 6th, we arrived at Nashville, and on the
following day went into camp one mile from the city. Five other Batteries
occupied the same quarters--all under the personal command of Colonel
Barnett. We were designated as the First Division of Reserve Artillery.

Soon after arriving here, Lieutenant Baldwin--much to the gratification of
all the members of the company--received his commission as Captain.

As we now had neither horses nor guns, we led a very easy life of it.
Whenever the weather was pleasant, we engaged in out door sports--such as
ball playing, pitching quoits, etc. But when, as was often the case, the
weather was stormy, the time was passed in our tents, reading, writing,
and "spinning yarns."

At last, the subject of re-enlisting was broached; but, at first, this did
not meet with much favor. Finally, on talking over the matter, and on
learning the benefits to be derived from such a course, a few of the men
stepped forward and placed their names on the roll. Soon, others did the
same, and, by the 4th of January, sixty-five of the old, original members
of the company, had re-entered as veterans.

On the 18th of the same month, the veterans were duly mustered in for
their new term of service; and a few days later received their back pay,
and also their bounty.

The 3d day of February was a joyful day to us who had re-enlisted; for, on
that day we were given the order to return home for a month's furlough.

At 3 o'clock, on the morning of the day following the reception of this
order, the bugle was sounded, as a signal for the veterans to form in
line. Never did its notes sound sweeter. The roll was called, and all
responded to their names but one poor fellow, who had been taken sick, and
was in the hospital. The men who had not re-enlisted gave us three rousing
cheers, followed by a "tiger," to which we heartily responded. Soon we
were on the road to the depot with nimble steps and light hearts; for we
were not going to battle, or on one of our long and weary marches. We were
"homeward bound."

A half hour later, we were speeding it towards our Northern homes. All our
past trials and privations were forgotten.

At 9 o'clock on the evening of February, 6th, 1864, we arrived at
Cleveland, having been in the service nearly two and a half years.



APPENDIX.


ORIGINAL ROLL OF MEMBERS OF THE BATTERY,

AUGUST, 1861.

  William E. Standart, _Captain._
  John A. Bennett,     _First Lieutenant._
  J. Hale Sypher,           "      "
  Norman A. Baldwin,   _Second_    "
  Eben P. Sturges,          "      "
  Geo. D. Eldridge,    _Quartermaster's Sergeant._
  Thos. J. Thompson,   _Ordnance_          "
  John J. Kelly,       _First_             "
  David H. Throup,     _Second_            "
  John H. Blair,            "              "
  Elisha D. Parker,         "              "
  Henry Moats,              "              "
  William M. Camp,          "              "
  George Wolf,              "              "
  Wm. Lewhellen,            "              "
  Alonzo B. Adams,     _Corporal._
  Alonzo Starr,             "
  Edmond A. Nichols,        "
  Addison J. Blanchard,     "
  Silas H. Judson,          "
  Harvey P. Fenn,           "
  Joseph G. Lankester,      "
  Gerhert Schmidt,          "
  Merwin Blanchard,         "
  Lewis R. Penfield,        "
  Barney McNani,            "
  William T. Quilliams,     "
  James Willis,        _Bugler._
  Charles E. Humm,          "
  George Luster,       _Artificer._
  George Schmehl,           "
  William C. Hodge,         "
  John S. Coleman,          "
  William Naylor,      _Wagon Master._


_Privates._

  Jeremiah Arndt,
  John Q. Adams,
  Joseph Axford,
  Robert F. Andrews,
  Joseph Binehurer,
  David K. Bailey,
  John L. Barnes,
  Jerome Boice,
  James Baker,
  Thomas K. Bayard,
  John Boon,
  Jacob Bluim,
  Charles Bull,
  Hugh Chambers,
  John G. Courser,
  William H. Chapman,
  Samuel B. Cole,
  Francis Carter,
  Newton Crittenden,
  William B. Carvey,
  Edmond Chapman,
  Orlando P. Cutter,
  John Dunlap,
  Marvin Dodge,
  James Disbrow,
  Edmond Demilt,
  Joseph A. Day,
  John David,
  John Elliott,
  Samuel Earl,
  James H. Fast,
  Charles E. Fowler,
  Louis Fahrion,
  Martin P. Findley,
  Charles Furst,
  Theodore Gott,
  John Grant,
  Ransom E. Gillett,
  Milo H. Gage,
  Thomas M. Hunter,
  Lewis Hickok,
  Percival Holcomb,
  Egbert Holcomb,
  Byron Hougland,
  William R. Hoadley,
  Rodman Hart,
  Dwight N. Hamlin,
  Andrew H. Ives,
  John Jackson,
  Joshua B. Kerebs,
  Lowman Keredzon,
  Buchan Kirk,
  John Lepper,
  William Leary,
  Alonzo D. Lee,
  Chauncey Lyons,
  Charles H. Millis,
  A. J. McLaughlin,
  George Mason,
  Angus McDonald,
  James McIlhaney,
  John McKinty,
  C. C. McIlrath,
  Henry McCowan,
  Peter Manning,
  William McFarland,
  Hugh B. Mooney,
  William Newcomb,
  George Overy,
  Edgar M. Peet,
  Harlan P. Penfield,
  Aldin B. Peet,
  Royal E. Pease,
  George W. Payson,
  John W. Pickersgill,
  Thomas C. Potter,
  James Rosborough,
  Frank G. Recklee,
  John Ripperton,
  George Reading,
  Samuel B. Ruple,
  Lyman C. Richmond,
  John Renouard,
  Martin V. B. Richards,
  Stephen D. Renouard,
  Alexander Stratton,
  Erastus H. Stroup,
  John Shukers,
  Nicholas Schroh,
  Adam Sprinkle,
  Francis D. Storey,
  William H. Singer,
  Walter Starr,
  John Snyder,
  S. W. Shankland,
  William R. Stanfield,
  Frank H. Seidel,
  James N. Sloan,
  Benjamin H. Sarles,
  Francillion Tanney,
  Lewis M. Tyson,
  Henry Tyson,
  William Twerrell,
  Austin VanHaun,
  Cyrus B. Vallentine,
  Richard Williams,
  Wesley Wilson,
  Jacob Wolf,
  Alonzo White,
  Theodore White,
  James Webster,
  Arthur West,
  George Walters,
  Daniel White,
  Samuel P. Wilson,
  John Wellsted,
  Frank M. Yeckley.


NAMES OF MEMBERS WHO JOINED THE BATTERY SINCE ITS FIRST ORGANIZATION.

_Privates._

  Robert S. Avery,
  Charles Abbott,
  William Abbott,
  David Burnham,
  William Broa,
  John P. Beers,
  John Blanchard,
  Orlando D. Cole,
  Henry Mace,
  Moses Marx,
  George Nagle,
  H. Olrock,
  Fletcher S. Penfield,
  Philo A. Penfield,
  Henry A. C. Ross,
  Charles B. Radder,
  Edwin Chester,
  Frank Deidirich,
  Walter Dalgleish,
  William Freeman,
  Balthaser Fischer,
  Alfred French,
  John French,
  William Grant,
  G. L. Goodyear,
  Silas A. Gardner,
  Charles G. Guilford,
  Robert S. Graham,
  William C. Howe,
  Thomas J. Holcomb,
  Charles L. Hayden,
  T. J. Hudson,
  James Hathaway,
  Augustus B. Hayes,
  Samuel T. Hoyt,
  Albert Hawkins,
  James S. Jennings,
  Conrad Koch,
  Patrick Kelley,
  Henry Long,
  William R. Leonard,
  Cuyler Morris,
  Lester J. Richmond,
  A. E. Sheldon,
  Leonard G. Starr,
  Edward E. Swift,
  Levi L. Sawtell,
  George Smith,
  Bradford Teachout,
  John Carroll,
  Reason B. Case,
  Frederick Flick,
  F. E. Freeman,
  Thomas J. Gill,
  John H. Gause,
  Alexander Manary,
  Dennis Troy,
  J. McDonald,
  George Wilson,
  Thomas Marx,
  Harman H. Alms,
  Alfred Burton,
  Frank Bowers,
  Albert Fahrion,
  Fayette Green,
  Charles Heller,
  Richard Miller,
  Eli Wright.


LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE BATTERY WHO WERE KILLED IN BATTLE, OR DIED FROM
DISEASE.

  George Wolf, First Sergeant,  _Killed in Battle._
  Chauncey Lyons, Private,         "     "    "
  Samuel B. Ruple,   "             "     "    "
  John Elliott,      "             "     "    "
  T. J. Thompson, 1st Serg't,   _from wounds in Battle._
  Thomas C. Potter, Private,       "     "    "    "
  T. J. Hudson,        "           "     "    "    "
  John David, Corporal,            "     "    "    "
  G. Wilson, Private,              "     "    "    "
  John W. Pickersgill, Private, _Killed by Cars._
  A. Starr, Corporal,                     _Died._
  D. K. Bailey, Private,                     "
  W. C. Hodge,     "                         "
  E. Chapman,      "                         "
  T. White,        "                         "
  H. P. Fenn, Corporal,                      "
  R. Williams, Private,                      "
  F. Tanney,      "                          "
  J. P. Wilson,   "                          "
  W. B. Carvey,   "                          "
  J. Baker,       "                          "
  L. Starr,       "                          "
  G. Smith,       "                          "
  G. D. Eldridge, Quartermaster's Sergeant,  "
  J. P. Beers, Private,                      "
  A. H. Ives,     "                          "



Transcriber's Notes:

Passages in italics are indicated by _underscore_.

In the phrases "Pittman's X Roads" and "Logan's X Roads," the "X"
is printed horizontally in the original text.

The following misprints have been corrected:
  "mnrched" corrected to "marched" (page 6)
  "fromo ur" corrected to "from our" (page 6)
  "necesary" corrected to "necessary" (page 6)
  "arived" corrected to "arrived" (page 17)
  "Tennesse" corrected to "Tennessee" (page 25)
  "1852" corrected to "1862" (page 26)
  "euemy" corrected to "enemy" (page 28)
  "aad" corrected to "and" (page 34)
  "of of same month" corrected to "of the same month" (page 36)
  "in in" corrected to "in" (page 36)
  "detroyed" corrected to "destroyed" (page 42)
  "Pensylvania" corrected to "Pennsylvania" (page 44)
  "immediotely" corrected to "immediately" (page 46)
  "Watrace" corrected to "Wartrace" (page 53)
  "reboubt" corrected to "redoubt" (page 59)
  "ronnds" corrected to "rounds" (page 61)
  "A" corrected to "At" (page 61)
  "fidd" corrected to "find" (page 63)
  "torough" corrected to "through" (page 66)
  "tne" corrected to "the" (page 79)
  "bivouaked" corrected to "bivouacked" (page 83)
  "withont" corrected to "without" (page 92)
  "gathery" corrected to "gather" (page 94)
  "caming" corrected to "coming" (page 103)
  "Bejamin" corrected to "Benjamin" (page 109)
  "Seargeant" corrected to "Sergeant" (page 109)
  "A A" corrected to "A" (page 110)
  "pased" corrected to "passed" (page 111)
  "Jannary" corrected to "January" (page 111)
  "occured" corrected to "occurred" (page 127)
  "numerour" corrected to "numerous" (page 127)

Other than the corrections listed above, printer's inconsistencies in
spelling and hyphenation have been retained.





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